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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoclusters affects subsequent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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1

Site-Selective Ionization in Nanoclusters Affects Subsequent Fragmentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Site-Selective Ionization in Nanoclusters Affects Subsequent Fragmentation Print Site-Selective Ionization in Nanoclusters Affects Subsequent Fragmentation Print Understanding charge-transfer processes at the atomic level of nanoscale systems is of the utmost importance for designing nanodevices based on quantum-dot structures, nanotubes, or two-dimensional graphene sheets. Researchers from Western Michigan University, Berkeley Lab, and other international research facilities investigated charge-transfer processes and subsequent ion fragmentation dynamics in nanoclusters composed of argon (Ar) shells and xenon (Xe) cores. The clusters were site-selectively ionized (i.e, ionization took place either in the xenon core or in the argon shell). Using a high-resolution photoelectron-ion coincidence technique at ALS Beamlines 10.0.1 and 11.0.2, the researchers concluded that charge-transfer processes and fragmentation dynamics are strongly influenced by the environment of the initially ionized atoms.

2

Site-Selective Ionization in Nanoclusters Affects Subsequent Fragmentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Site-Selective Ionization in Nanoclusters Affects Subsequent Fragmentation Print Site-Selective Ionization in Nanoclusters Affects Subsequent Fragmentation Print Understanding charge-transfer processes at the atomic level of nanoscale systems is of the utmost importance for designing nanodevices based on quantum-dot structures, nanotubes, or two-dimensional graphene sheets. Researchers from Western Michigan University, Berkeley Lab, and other international research facilities investigated charge-transfer processes and subsequent ion fragmentation dynamics in nanoclusters composed of argon (Ar) shells and xenon (Xe) cores. The clusters were site-selectively ionized (i.e, ionization took place either in the xenon core or in the argon shell). Using a high-resolution photoelectron-ion coincidence technique at ALS Beamlines 10.0.1 and 11.0.2, the researchers concluded that charge-transfer processes and fragmentation dynamics are strongly influenced by the environment of the initially ionized atoms.

3

Site-Selective Ionization in Nanoclusters Affects Subsequent Fragmentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Site-Selective Ionization in Site-Selective Ionization in Nanoclusters Affects Subsequent Fragmentation Site-Selective Ionization in Nanoclusters Affects Subsequent Fragmentation Print Wednesday, 30 June 2010 00:00 Understanding charge-transfer processes at the atomic level of nanoscale systems is of the utmost importance for designing nanodevices based on quantum-dot structures, nanotubes, or two-dimensional graphene sheets. Researchers from Western Michigan University, Berkeley Lab, and other international research facilities investigated charge-transfer processes and subsequent ion fragmentation dynamics in nanoclusters composed of argon (Ar) shells and xenon (Xe) cores. The clusters were site-selectively ionized (i.e, ionization took place either in the xenon core or in the argon shell). Using a high-resolution photoelectron-ion coincidence technique at ALS Beamlines 10.0.1 and 11.0.2, the researchers concluded that charge-transfer processes and fragmentation dynamics are strongly influenced by the environment of the initially ionized atoms.

4

Synthesis Of Fluorescent Metal Nanoclusters  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Synthesis Of Fluorescent Metal Nanoclusters Synthesis Of Fluorescent Metal Nanoclusters Fluorescent metal nanoclusters were prepared. Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center...

5

Formation of solid Kr nanoclusters in MgO  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The phenomenon of positron confinement enables us to investigate the electronic structure of nanoclusters embedded in host matrices. Solid Kr nanoclusters are a very interesting subject of investigation because of the very low predicted value of the positron affinity of bulk Kr. In this work, positron trapping in solid Kr nanoclusters embedded in MgO is investigated. The Kr nanoclusters were created by means of 280 keV Kr ion implantation in single crystals of MgO(100) and subsequent thermal annealing at a temperature of 1100 K. The nanoclusters were observed by cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy in high-resolution mode. The fcc Kr nanoclusters are rectangularly shaped with sizes of 2 to 5 nm and are in a cube-on-cube orientation relationship with the MgO host matrix. From the Moiré fringes in high-resolution recordings, the lattice parameter of the solid Kr was deduced and found to vary from 5.3 to 5.8 Ć. The corresponding pressures are 0.6–2.5 GPa as found using the Ronchi equation of state. The relationship between lattice parameter and cluster size was investigated and it was found that the lattice parameter increases linearly with increasing nanocluster size. The defect evolution during annealing was monitored by means optical absorption spectroscopy and positron beam analysis. No evidence of positron trapping was found despite the very low positron affinity of solid Kr. Alternative definitions of the positron affinity are proposed for application to insulator materials.

M. A. van Huis; A. van Veen; H. Schut; B. J. Kooi; J. Th. M. De Hosson

2003-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

6

Photocatalysis Using Semiconductor Nanoclusters  

SciTech Connect

We report on experiments using nanosize MoS{sub 2} to photo-oxidize organic pollutants in water using visible light as the energy source. We have demonstrated that we can vary the redox potentials and absorbance characteristics of these small semiconductors by adjusting their size, and our studies of the photooxidation of organic molecules have revealed that the rate of oxidation increases with increasing bandgap (i.e. more positive valence band and more negative conduction band potentials). Because these photocatalysis reactions can be performed with the nanoclusters fully dispersed and stable in solution, liquid chromatography can be used to determine both the intermediate reaction products and the state of the nanoclusters during the reaction. We have demonstrated that the MoS{sub 2} nanoclusters remain unchanged during the photooxidation process by this technique. We also report on studies of MoS{sub 2} nanoclusters deposited on TiO{sub 2} powder.

Thurston, T.R.; Wilcoxon,J.P.

1999-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

7

ZnO nanoclusters: Synthesis and photoluminescence. | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ZnO nanoclusters: Synthesis and photoluminescence. ZnO nanoclusters: Synthesis and photoluminescence. Abstract: ZnO nanoclusters were prepared and deposited at room temperature...

8

Radiation Stability of Nanoclusters in Nano-structured Oxide...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Stability of Nanoclusters in Nano-structured Oxide Dispersion Strengthened (ODS) Steels. Radiation Stability of Nanoclusters in Nano-structured Oxide Dispersion Strengthened (ODS)...

9

Molecular Dynamics Simulations of Supported Pt Nanoclusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

€Introduction and Background €Constructing a Physical Model €Details of the Simulation €Results and Conclusions · Petroleum reformation · Gasification of biomass for biofuels #12;Previous Investigation of NanoclustersMolecular Dynamics Simulations of Supported Pt Nanoclusters Jeffrey Moore #12;A Brief Outline

Washington at Seattle, University of - Department of Physics, Electroweak Interaction Research Group

10

Co-adsorption of ?-casein and calcium phosphate nanoclusters (CPN) at hydrophilic and hydrophobic solid–solution interfaces studied by neutron reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Neutron reflectometry was used to study the co-adsorption of calcium phosphate nanoclusters (CPN) and ?-casein at hydrophobized and hydrophilic silica–water interfaces. The structural characteristics of the adsorbed layer were determined from neutron reflectivity curves analysed with multi-layer optical models. We used a highly specific proteolytic enzyme, endoproteinase Asp-N in conjunction with a single neutron contrast to verify the model of the protein layer structure. The results showed that the calcium phosphate nanoclusters profoundly affected the rate of adsorption and structure of the interface compared to the adsorption of ?-casein alone and for the hydrophobic interface the effects depended on the point at which the nanoclusters were added. It is proposed that the nanoclusters become surface active because whole ?-casein molecules can replace one or more of the hydrophilic peptides in the shell of the nanoclusters.

David Follows; Carl Holt; Robert K. Thomas; Fredrik Tiberg; Giovanna Fragneto; Tommy Nylander

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Structural Transition of Gold Nanoclusters: From the Golden Cage...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanoclusters: From the Golden Cage to the Golden Pyramid . Abstract: How nanoclusters transform from one structural type to another as a function of size is a critical issue in...

12

Magnetism of Co nanocluster films  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A cluster-beam technique is used to produce nearly monodispersed nanoclusters of Co while independently varying their size and concentration. The Co clusters are embedded in Cu and SiO2 to form films with cluster size varying from 300 to 9000 atoms and Co concentration varying from 10 to 50 vol %. The Co magnetization (Ms) increases with increasing cluster size and decreases with increasing Co concentration for a given cluster size but is always less than the bulk value. First-principles calculations are used to analyze the experimental data in terms of the local environment effects at the cluster-matrix interface and spin-glass-like behavior due to the strong ferro- and antiferromagnetic intercluster exchange interactions for small separations.

Y. Qiang; R. F. Sabiryanov; S. S. Jaswal; Y. Liu; H. Haberland; D. J. Sellmyer

2002-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

13

Ice nanoclusters at hydrophobic metal surfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and characterization of metal-supported water hexamers and a family of hydrated nanoclusters-- heptamers, octamers to nucleate through the presence of an `ice nucleating agent': a microscopic seed particle of salt, sand or such as the formation of new water structures not observed in the gas phase, altered H-bond strengths or different

14

Optical guiding of absorbing nanoclusters in air  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optical guiding of absorbing nanoclusters in air Vladlen G. Shvedov1-3, Anton S. Desyatnikov1124@rsphysse.anu.edu.au Abstract: We suggest a novel approach in all-optical trapping employing number of particles in a dual beam optical trap created by two counter-propagating and co

15

Platinum Nanoclusters Out-Perform Single Crystals  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Platinum Nanoclusters Out-Perform Single Crystals Print Platinum Nanoclusters Out-Perform Single Crystals Print When it comes to metal catalysts, platinum is the standard. However, at about $2,000 an ounce, the high cost of the raw material presents major challenges for the future wide-scale use of platinum in fuel cells. Berkeley Lab research suggests that one possible way to meet these challenges is to think small. Researchers from Berkeley Lab's Materials Sciences Division have found that under high pressure-comparable to the pressures at which many industrial technologies operate-platinum surfaces can change their structure dramatically in response to the presence of high-coverage reactants. High-pressure scanning tunneling microscopes (STM) and ambient-pressure x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (AP-XPS) at ALS Beamlines 9.3.2 and 11.0.2 allowed researchers to study catalysts' structure and composition under realistic conditions.

16

Platinum Nanoclusters Out-Perform Single Crystals  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Platinum Nanoclusters Out-Perform Single Crystals Print Platinum Nanoclusters Out-Perform Single Crystals Print When it comes to metal catalysts, platinum is the standard. However, at about $2,000 an ounce, the high cost of the raw material presents major challenges for the future wide-scale use of platinum in fuel cells. Berkeley Lab research suggests that one possible way to meet these challenges is to think small. Researchers from Berkeley Lab's Materials Sciences Division have found that under high pressure-comparable to the pressures at which many industrial technologies operate-platinum surfaces can change their structure dramatically in response to the presence of high-coverage reactants. High-pressure scanning tunneling microscopes (STM) and ambient-pressure x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (AP-XPS) at ALS Beamlines 9.3.2 and 11.0.2 allowed researchers to study catalysts' structure and composition under realistic conditions.

17

Platinum Nanoclusters Out-Perform Single Crystals  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Platinum Nanoclusters Out-Perform Single Crystals Print Platinum Nanoclusters Out-Perform Single Crystals Print When it comes to metal catalysts, platinum is the standard. However, at about $2,000 an ounce, the high cost of the raw material presents major challenges for the future wide-scale use of platinum in fuel cells. Berkeley Lab research suggests that one possible way to meet these challenges is to think small. Researchers from Berkeley Lab's Materials Sciences Division have found that under high pressure-comparable to the pressures at which many industrial technologies operate-platinum surfaces can change their structure dramatically in response to the presence of high-coverage reactants. High-pressure scanning tunneling microscopes (STM) and ambient-pressure x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (AP-XPS) at ALS Beamlines 9.3.2 and 11.0.2 allowed researchers to study catalysts' structure and composition under realistic conditions.

18

Platinum Nanoclusters Out-Perform Single Crystals  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Platinum Nanoclusters Out-Perform Single Crystals Print Platinum Nanoclusters Out-Perform Single Crystals Print When it comes to metal catalysts, platinum is the standard. However, at about $2,000 an ounce, the high cost of the raw material presents major challenges for the future wide-scale use of platinum in fuel cells. Berkeley Lab research suggests that one possible way to meet these challenges is to think small. Researchers from Berkeley Lab's Materials Sciences Division have found that under high pressure-comparable to the pressures at which many industrial technologies operate-platinum surfaces can change their structure dramatically in response to the presence of high-coverage reactants. High-pressure scanning tunneling microscopes (STM) and ambient-pressure x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (AP-XPS) at ALS Beamlines 9.3.2 and 11.0.2 allowed researchers to study catalysts' structure and composition under realistic conditions.

19

Platinum Nanoclusters Out-Perform Single Crystals  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Platinum Nanoclusters Out-Perform Single Crystals Print Platinum Nanoclusters Out-Perform Single Crystals Print When it comes to metal catalysts, platinum is the standard. However, at about $2,000 an ounce, the high cost of the raw material presents major challenges for the future wide-scale use of platinum in fuel cells. Berkeley Lab research suggests that one possible way to meet these challenges is to think small. Researchers from Berkeley Lab's Materials Sciences Division have found that under high pressure-comparable to the pressures at which many industrial technologies operate-platinum surfaces can change their structure dramatically in response to the presence of high-coverage reactants. High-pressure scanning tunneling microscopes (STM) and ambient-pressure x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (AP-XPS) at ALS Beamlines 9.3.2 and 11.0.2 allowed researchers to study catalysts' structure and composition under realistic conditions.

20

Platinum Nanoclusters Out-Perform Single Crystals  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Platinum Nanoclusters Out-Perform Single Crystals Print Platinum Nanoclusters Out-Perform Single Crystals Print When it comes to metal catalysts, platinum is the standard. However, at about $2,000 an ounce, the high cost of the raw material presents major challenges for the future wide-scale use of platinum in fuel cells. Berkeley Lab research suggests that one possible way to meet these challenges is to think small. Researchers from Berkeley Lab's Materials Sciences Division have found that under high pressure-comparable to the pressures at which many industrial technologies operate-platinum surfaces can change their structure dramatically in response to the presence of high-coverage reactants. High-pressure scanning tunneling microscopes (STM) and ambient-pressure x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (AP-XPS) at ALS Beamlines 9.3.2 and 11.0.2 allowed researchers to study catalysts' structure and composition under realistic conditions.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoclusters affects subsequent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Platinum Nanoclusters Out-Perform Single Crystals  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Platinum Nanoclusters Out-Perform Single Platinum Nanoclusters Out-Perform Single Crystals Platinum Nanoclusters Out-Perform Single Crystals Print Wednesday, 27 October 2010 00:00 When it comes to metal catalysts, platinum is the standard. However, at about $2,000 an ounce, the high cost of the raw material presents major challenges for the future wide-scale use of platinum in fuel cells. Berkeley Lab research suggests that one possible way to meet these challenges is to think small. Researchers from Berkeley Lab's Materials Sciences Division have found that under high pressure-comparable to the pressures at which many industrial technologies operate-platinum surfaces can change their structure dramatically in response to the presence of high-coverage reactants. High-pressure scanning tunneling microscopes (STM) and ambient-pressure x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (AP-XPS) at ALS Beamlines 9.3.2 and 11.0.2 allowed researchers to study catalysts' structure and composition under realistic conditions.

22

Fabrication of metallic nanostructures from sputtered nanocluster precursors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis studies the morphological and electrical properties of copper nanocluster devices generated by DC magnetron sputtering and annealed at temperatures up to 1100 C. At each annealing step, the resistivity of the ...

DelHagen, William S

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Structures and Stabilities of (MgO)n Nanoclusters. | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(MgO)n Nanoclusters. Abstract: Global minima for (MgO)n structures were optimized using a tree growth?hybrid genetic algorithm in conjunction with MNDOMNDOd semiempirical...

24

Catalytic photooxidation of pentachlorophenol using semiconductor nanoclusters  

SciTech Connect

Pentachlorophenol (PCP) is a toxic chlorinated aromatic molecule widely used as fungicide, a bactericide and a wood preservation, and thus ubiquitous in the environment. The authors report photo-oxidation of PCP using a variety of nanosize semiconductor metal oxides and sulfides in both aqueous and polar organic solvents and compare the photo-oxidation kinetics of these nanoclusters to widely studied bulk powders like Degussa P-25 TiO{sub 2} and CdS. They study both the light intensity dependence of PCP photooxidation for nanosize SnO{sub 2} and the size dependence of PCP photooxidation for both nanosize SnO{sub 2} and MoS{sub 2}. They find an extremely strong size dependence for the latter which they attribute to its size-dependent band gap and the associated change in redox potentials due to quantum confinement of the hole-electron pair. The authors show that nanosize MoS{sub 2} with a diameter of d=3.0 nm and an absorbance edge of {approximately}450 nm is a very effective photooxidation catalyst for complete PCP mineralization, even when using only visible light irradiation.

WILCOXON,JESS P.

2000-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

25

CdS nanoclusters doped with divalent atoms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ZnS and CdS small nanoclusters have been predicted to trap ... studied the structure and stability of (X@(CdS) i ) ±2 with X = Be, Mg, Ca, O, S, Se and i...=9, 12, 15, 16 on the...

Elisa Jimenez-Izal; Jon M. Azpiroz; Riti Gupta…

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Hydrogen storage and delivery mechanism of metal nanoclusters on a nanosheet.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In this study, we used the Density functional theory (DFT) and Molecular dynamics (MD) to obtain the suitable hydrogen storage structure of Rh nanoclusters on… (more)

Huang, Li-Fan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Ge-nanocluster formation in Ge-doped polysilicon films under oxidation and heat treatment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An experimental investigation is conducted into the formation Ge nanoclusters by heat treatment of germanosilicate-glass... x Ge y O ...

A. A. Kovalevsky; A. S. Strogova; D. V. Plyakin

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Size Dependence of Atomically Precise Gold Nanoclusters in Chemoselective Hydrogenation and Active Site Structure  

SciTech Connect

We here investigate the catalytic properties of water-soluble Aun(SG)m nanocluster catalysts (H-SG = glutathione) of different sizes, including Au15(SG)13, Au18(SG)14, Au25(SG)18, Au38(SG)24, and captopril-capped Au25(Capt)18 nanoclusters. These Aun(SR)m nanoclusters (-SR represents thiolate generally) are used as homogeneous catalysts (i.e., without supports) in the chemoselective hydrogenation of 4-nitrobenzaldehyde (4-NO2PhCHO) to 4-nitrobenzyl alcohol (4-NO2PhCH2OH) in water with H2 gas (20 bar) as the hydrogen source. These nanocluster catalysts, except Au18(SG)14, remain intact after the catalytic reaction, evidenced by UV-vis spectra which are characteristic of each sized nanoclusters and thus serve as spectroscopic fingerprints . We observe a drastic size-dependence and steric effect of protecting ligands on the gold nanocluster catalysts in the hydrogenation reaction. Density functional theory (DFT) modeling of the 4-nitrobenzaldehyde adsorption shows that both the CHO and NO2 groups are in close interact with the S-Au-S staples on the gold nanocluster surface; the adsorption of the 4-nitrobenzaldehyde molecule on the four different sized Aun(SR)m nanoclusters are moderately strong and similar in strength. The DFT results suggest that the catalytic activity of the Aun(SR)m nanoclusters is primarily determined by the surface area of the Au nanocluster, consistent with the observed trend of the conversion of 4-nitrobenzaldehyde versus the cluster size. Overall, this work offers the molecular insight into the hydrogenation of 4-nitrobenzaldehyde and the catalytically active site structure on gold nanocluster catalysts.

Li, Gao [Carnegie Mellon University (CMU); Jiang, Deen [ORNL; Kumar, Santosh [Carnegie Mellon University (CMU); Chen, Yuxiang [Carnegie Mellon University (CMU); Jin, Rongchao [Carnegie Mellon University (CMU)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Rapid hydrogen production from water using aluminum nanoclusters: A quantum molecular dynamics simulation study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rapid hydrogen production from water using aluminum nanoclusters: A quantum molecular dynamics Available online 31 December 2013 Keywords: Hydrogen production Water Aluminum nanoclusters Quantum molecular dynamics simulation It is hoped that a hydrogen-on-demand generator may one day start with just

Southern California, University of

30

Size-dependent mobility of gold nano-clusters during growth on chemically modified graphene  

SciTech Connect

Gold nano-clusters were grown on chemically modified graphene by direct sputter deposition. Transmission electron microscopy of the nano-clusters on these electron-transparent substrates reveals an unusual bimodal island size distribution (ISD). A kinetic Monte Carlo model of growth incorporating a size-dependent cluster mobility rule uniquely reproduces the bimodal ISD, providing strong evidence for the mobility of large clusters during surface growth. The cluster mobility exponent of ?5/3 is consistent with cluster motion via one-dimensional diffusion of gold atoms around the edges of the nano-clusters.

Bell, Gavin R., E-mail: gavin.bell@warwick.ac.uk; Dawson, Peter M.; Pandey, Priyanka A.; Wilson, Neil R. [Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL (United Kingdom); Mulheran, Paul A. [Department of Chemical and Process Engineering, University of Strathclyde, James Weir Building, 75 Montrose St., Glasgow G1 1XJ (United Kingdom)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Photo-oxidation method using MoS2 nanocluster materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of photo-oxidizing a hydrocarbon compound is provided by dispersing MoS.sub.2 nanoclusters in a solvent containing a hydrocarbon compound contaminant to form a stable solution mixture and irradiating the mixture to photo-oxide the hydrocarbon compound. Hydrocarbon compounds of interest include aromatic hydrocarbon and chlorinated hydrocarbons. MoS.sub.2 nanoclusters with an average diameter less than approximately 10 nanometers are shown to be effective in decomposing potentially toxic aromatic and chlorinated hydrocarbons, such as phenol, pentachlorophenol, chlorinated biphenols, and chloroform, into relatively non-toxic compounds. The irradiation can occur by exposing the MoS.sub.2 nanoclusters and hydrocarbon compound mixture with visible light. The MoS.sub.2 nanoclusters can be introduced to the toxic hydrocarbons as either a MoS.sub.2 solution or deposited on a support material.

Wilcoxon, Jess P. (Albuquerque, NM)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

NREL Scientists Reveal Origin of Diverse Melting Behaviors of Aluminum Nanoclusters (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Research reveals active role of cluster symmetries on the size-sensitive, diverse melting behaviors of metallic nanoclusters, providing insight to understanding phase changes of nanoparticles for thermal energy storage. Unlike macroscopic bulk materials, intermediate-sized nanoclusters with around 55 atoms inherently exhibit size-sensitive melting changes: adding just a single atom to a nanocluster can cause a dramatic change in melting behavior. Microscopic understanding of thermal behaviors of metal nanoclusters is important for nanoscale catalysis and thermal energy storage applications. However, it is a challenge to obtain a structural interpretation at the atomic level from measured thermodynamic quantities such as heat capacity. Using ab initio molecular dynamics simulations, scientists at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) revealed a clear correlation between the diverse melting behaviors of aluminum nanoclusters and cluster core symmetries. These simulations reproduced, for the first time, the size-sensitive heat capacities of aluminum nanoclusters, which exhibit several distinctive shapes associated with the diverse melting behaviors of the clusters. The size-dependent, diverse melting behaviors of the aluminum clusters are attributed to the reduced symmetry (from Td {yields} D2d {yields} Cs) with increasing the cluster sizes and can be used to help design thermal storage materials.

Not Available

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Unconventional Relationshipsfor Hemicellulose Hydrolysis and Subsequent Cellulose Digestion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be pretreated with dilute sulfuric acid to recover high yields of sugars directly from hemicellulose and subsequently by enzymatic hydrolysis of the residual cellulose, and these sugars can be used to produce fuels and needed technology advances. Hemicellulose removal is affected by solids concentration and flow through

California at Riverside, University of

34

Self-assembly of two-dimensional nanoclusters observed with STM: From surface molecules to surface superstructure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Self-assembly of two-dimensional nanoclusters observed with STM: From surface molecules to surface on the Si 111 - 3 3-Ag surface at submonolayer Au coverage. Self-assembly of these Au nanoclusters leads nanoclus- ter are discussed in terms of a substrate-mediated interaction among the Au adatoms, and the self-assembling

Hasegawa, Shuji

35

Stability of nanoclusters in 14YWT oxide dispersion strengthened steel under heavy ion-irradiation by atom probe tomography  

SciTech Connect

14YWT oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) ferritic steel was irradiated with of 5 MeV Ni2+ ions, at 300 C, 450 C, and 600 C to a damage level of 100 dpa. The stability of Ti–Y–O nanoclusters was investigated by applying atom probe tomography (APT) in voltage mode, of the samples before and after irradiations. The average size and number density of the nanoclusters was determined using the maximum separation method. These techniques allowed for the imaging of nanoclusters to sizes well below the resolution limit of conventional transmission electron microscopy techniques. The most significant changes were observed for samples irradiated at 300 C where the size (average Guinier radius) and number density of nanoclusters were observed to decrease from 1.1 nm to 0.8 nm and 12 1023 to 3.6 1023, respectively. In this study, the nanoclusters are more stable at higher temperature.

Jianchao He; Farong Wan; Kumar Sridharan; Todd R. Allen; A. Certain; V. Shutthanandan; Y.Q. Wu

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Growth and characterization of barium oxide nanoclusters on YSZ(111)  

SciTech Connect

Barium oxide (BaO) was grown on YSZ(111) substrate by oxygen-plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy (OPA-MBE). In-situ reflection high-energy electron diffraction, ex-situ x-ray diffraction, atomic force microscopy and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy have confirmed that the BaO grows as clusters on YSZ(111). During and following the growth under UHV conditions, BaO remains in single phase. When exposed to ambient conditions, the clusters transformed to BaCO3 and/or Ba(OH)2 H2O. However, in a few attempts of BaO growth, XRD results show a fairly single phase cubic BaO with a lattice constant of 0.5418(1) nm. XPS results show that exposing BaO clusters to ambient conditions results in the formation BaCO3 on the surface and partly Ba(OH)2 throughout in the bulk. Based on the observations, it is concluded that the BaO nanoclusters grown on YSZ(111) are highly reactive in ambient conditions. The variation in the reactivity of BaO between different attempts of the growth is attributed to the cluster size.

Nachimuthu, Ponnusamy; Kim, Yong Joo; Kuchibhatla, Satyanarayana V N T; Yu, Zhongqing; Jiang, Weilin; Engelhard, Mark H.; Shutthanandan, V.; Szanyi, Janos; Thevuthasan, Suntharampillai

2009-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

37

Guided Self-Assembly of Au Nanocluster Arrays Electronically Coupled to Semiconductor Device Layers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Guided Self-Assembly of Au Nanocluster Arrays Electronically Coupled to Semiconductor Device Layers diameter Au clusters within patterned regions on GaAs device layers, thus demonstrating guided self-assembly ordering of the clusters is achieved by a chemical self- assembly process, while micron scale patterning

38

Guided self-assembly of Au nanocluster arrays electronically coupled to semiconductor device layers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Guided self-assembly of Au nanocluster arrays electronically coupled to semiconductor device layers clusters within patterned regions on GaAs device layers, thus demonstrating guided self-assembly ordering of the clusters is achieved by a chemical self-assembly process, while micron scale patterning

Woodall, Jerry M.

39

Water as Buffer Material for Gold Nanocluster Growth Elad Gross, Yonatan Horowitz, and Micha Asscher*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the same buffer layer thickness range. Significantly different morphology of the clusters is obtained when are the basis for industrial heterogeneous catalysis.1-4 Gold nanoclusters held on oxide substrates were silicon oxide, SiO2/ Si(100), was chosen as the substrate in this study as a model for silica supports

Asscher, Micha

40

Threat Facilitates Subsequent Executive Control During Anxious Mood Jeffrey L. Birk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Threat Facilitates Subsequent Executive Control During Anxious Mood Jeffrey L. Birk Tufts) posits that low-level threat may facilitate behavioral performance by influencing executive control functions. Anxiety is thought to strengthen this effect by enhancing threat's affective significance

Patel, Aniruddh D.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoclusters affects subsequent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Formation and electronic states of In nanoclusters on the Si(111)-7Ś7 surface  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The formation and evolution of submonolayer In clusters on the Si(111)-7Ś7 surface at different temperatures were investigated using scanning tunneling microscopy. The electronic states of the well-defined nanoclusters were studied by scanning tunneling spectroscopy (STS). The well-ordered triangular In “magic” clusters are formed at ?200?°C within 7Ś7 half-unit cells as reported previously. The STS measurement reveals the semiconducting property of In magic clusters with a substantial energy gap of 0.8 eV in accordance with the recent photoemission study. The band gap is very asymmetric with a shallow unoccupied state due to the pseudomolecular orbitals of the In-Si bond network, as revealed by the density-functional calculation for the existing structure model with six In atoms. The electronic modification of Si adatoms in the neighboring sites was observed. At a lower temperature than that of the magic cluster formation, we observed a different type of nanoclusters formed in faulted half-unit cells with an identical size. This cluster has a characteristic asymmetric shape with chirality. These nanoclusters are thought to consist of a similar number of In atoms and are the precursory state to the magic cluster formation. The STS result for the initial cluster shows a distinct semiconducting property with a significantly reduced band gap of 0.4 eV.

Jung Hoon Byun; Jin Sung Shin; Pil Gyu Kang; Hojin Jeong; Han Woong Yeom

2009-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

42

Thiolate ligands as a double-edged sword for CO oxidation on CeO2-supported Au25(SR)18 nanoclusters  

SciTech Connect

The effect of thiolate ligands was explored on the catalysis of CeO2-rod supported Au25(SR)18 (SR = -SCH2-CH2-Ph) by using CO oxidation as a probe reaction. Reaction kinetic tests, in situ IR and X-ray absorption spectroscopy, and density functional theory (DFT) were employed to understand how the thiolate ligands affect the nature of active sites, activation of CO and O2, as well as the reaction mechanism and kinetics. The intact Au25(SR)18 on CeO2-rod is found not able to adsorb CO. Only when the thiolate ligands are partially removed, starting from the interface between Au25(SR)18 and CeO2 at temperatures of 423 K and above, can the adsorption of CO be observed by IR. DFT calculations suggest that CO adsorbs favorably on the exposed gold atoms. Accordingly, the CO oxidation light-off temperature shifts to lower temperature. Several types of Au sites are probed by IR of CO adsorption during the ligand removal process. The cationic Au sites (charged between 0 and +1) are found to play the major role for low temperature CO oxidation. Similar activation energy and reaction rate are found for CO oxidation on differently treated Au25(SR)18/CeO2-rod, suggesting a simple site-blocking effect of the thiolate ligands in Au nanoclusters catalysis. Isotopic labelling experiments clearly indicate that CO oxidation on Au25(SR)18/CeO2-rod proceeds predominantly via the redox mechanism where CeO2 activates O2 while CO is activated on the de-thiolated gold sites. These results points to a double-edged sword role played by the thiolate ligands on Au25 nanoclusters for CO oxidation.

Wu, Zili [ORNL; Jiang, Deen [ORNL; Mann, Amanda K [ORNL; Mullins, David R [ORNL; Qiao, Zhen-an [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Allard Jr, Lawrence Frederick [ORNL; Zeng, Chenjie [Carnegie Mellon University (CMU); Jin, Rongchao [Carnegie Mellon University (CMU); Overbury, Steven {Steve} H [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Biostimulation of Iron Reduction and Subsequent Oxidation of...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biostimulation of Iron Reduction and Subsequent Oxidation of Sediment Containing Fe-silicates and Fe-oxides: Effect of Redox Biostimulation of Iron Reduction and Subsequent...

44

The geomagnetic environment in which sea turtle eggs incubate affects subsequent magnetic navigation behaviour of hatchlings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...each trial, the magnetic coils were turned off so that turtles began each trial in the local magnetic field. A light-emitting diode (LED; peak lambda = 520 nm) located on the eastern side of the arena was illuminated. A hatchling was then...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Parasitoid-specific induction of plant responses to parasitized herbivores affects colonization by subsequent herbivores  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...expression of BoPIN that codes for a protease inhibitor downstream of the JA pathway (31). The induced responses of B. oleracea...Ryan CA ( 1995 ) Oligogalacturonides and chitosan activate plant defensive...AY795078 EF423805 BoPIN Cysteine proteinase inhibitor AB04405 DQ539645 X94946 U45450 EF423806...

Erik H. Poelman; Si-Jun Zheng; Zhao Zhang; Nanda M. Heemskerk; Anne-Marie Cortesero; Marcel Dicke

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Restructuring of hex-Pt(100) under CO gas environments: formation of 2-D nanoclusters  

SciTech Connect

The atomic-scale restructuring of hex-Pt(100) induced by carbon monoxide with a wide pressure range was studied with a newly designed chamber-in-chamber high-pressure STM and theoretical calculations. Both experimental and DFT calculation results show that CO molecules are bound to Pt nanoclusters through a tilted on-top configuration with a separation of {approx}3.7-4.1 {angstrom}. The phenomenon of restructuring of metal catalyst surfaces induced by adsorption, and in particular the formation of small metallic clusters suggests the importance of studying structures of catalyst surfaces under high pressure conditions for understanding catalytic mechanisms.

Tao, Feng; Dag, Sefa; Wang, Lin-Wang; Liu, Zhi; Butcher, Derek; Salmeron, Miquel; Somorjai, Gabor A.

2009-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

47

Spin Dynamics in Two-Dimensional Arrays of Quantum Dots with Local Ordering of Nanoclusters  

SciTech Connect

Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) is used to probe the spin dynamics in two-dimensional (2D) quantum dot (QD) arrays with local ordering of nanoclusters. A careful examination of EPR line shape, width and g-factor values allow us to attribute this signal to the electrons localized in the strain-induced potential wells in Si in the vicinity of the Ge dots. The strong orientation dependence of EPR line width is defined by changing localization degree of electrons at different magnetic field directions. The theoretical approximation of orientation dependence of EPR line width allows estimating the effective radius of electron localization, as {approx}80 nm.

Zinovieva, A. F.; Dvurechenskii, A. V.; Stepina, N. P.; Nikiforov, A. I.; Lyubin, A. S. [Institute of Semiconductor Physics, 630090 Novosibirsk, pr. Lavrentieva 13 (Russian Federation); Sobolev, N.; Carmo, M. C. [Departamento de Fisica e I3N, Universidade de Aveiro, Aveiro (Portugal)

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

48

Ternary PtSnRhSnO2 nanoclusters: synthesis and electroactivity for ethanol oxidation fuel cell reaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ternary PtSnRh­SnO2 nanoclusters: synthesis and electroactivity for ethanol oxidation fuel cell a superior long-term activity and stability towards ethanol oxidation than the commercial Pt catalyst. Our. Ethanol becomes an attractive fuel in the fuel cell reactions compared with methanol and hydrogen, because

Frenkel, Anatoly

49

CO Oxidation at the Au-Cu Interface of Bimetallic Nanoclusters Supported on CeO2(111)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of tunable interfaces, metal and oxide,9,12,15-18 metal and carbide,19 and oxide and oxide,2 of the structure of CeO2(111)-supported Au- based bimetallic nanoclusters (NCs) show that a strong support-metal Materials, and Catalysis The critical role of the interface between a supporting oxide and supported metal

Henkelman, Graeme

50

Magnetic and magnetoresistance measurements on iron-based nanoclusters in In0.53Ga0.47As  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magnetic and magnetoresistance measurements on iron-based nanoclusters in In0.53Ga0.47As T. M://scitation.aip.org/termsconditions. Downloaded to ] IP: 169.237.74.113 On: Wed, 15 Jan 2014 20:59:30 #12;Magnetic and magnetoresistance anneal. Magnetic measurements confirm the formation of a cluster size distribution with a mean diameter

Woodall, Jerry M.

51

Atomistic modeling of the directed-assembly of bimetallic Pt-Ru nanoclusters on Ru(0001)-supported monolayer graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

)-supported monolayer graphene Yong Han,1 Albert K. Engstfeld,2 R. Juergen Behm,2 and James W. Evans1,3,* 1 of Pt-Ru nanoclusters (NC's) by sequential deposition of Pt and Ru on a periodically rumpled graphene. The periodic variation of the adsorption energy across the graphene sheet directs the assembly of NC

Ulm, UniversitÀt

52

Photonic crystal light emitting diode based on Er and Si nanoclusters co-doped slot waveguide  

SciTech Connect

We report on the design, fabrication, and electro-optical characterization of a light emitting device operating at 1.54??m, whose active layer consists of silicon oxide containing Er-doped Si nanoclusters. A photonic crystal (PhC) is fabricated on the top-electrode to enhance the light extraction in the vertical direction, and thus the external efficiency of the device. This occurs if a photonic mode of the PhC slab is resonant with the Er emission energy, as confirmed by theoretical calculations and experimental analyses. We measure an increase of the extraction efficiency by a factor of 3 with a high directionality of light emission in a narrow vertical cone. External quantum efficiency and power efficiency are among the highest reported for this kind of material. These results are important for the realization of CMOS-compatible efficient light emitters at telecom wavelengths.

Lo Savio, R.; Galli, M.; Liscidini, M.; Andreani, L. C. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Pavia, Via Bassi 6, 27100 Pavia (Italy); Franzò, G.; Iacona, F.; Miritello, M. [MATIS-IMM CNR and Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Università di Catania, via S. Sofia 64, 95123 Catania (Italy); Irrera, A. [CNR-IPCF, Viale Ferdinando Stagno d'Alcontres 37, 98158 Messina (Italy); Sanfilippo, D.; Piana, A. [ST Microelectronics, Stradale Primosole 50, 95121 Catania (Italy); Priolo, F. [MATIS-IMM CNR and Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Università di Catania, via S. Sofia 64, 95123 Catania (Italy); Scuola Superiore di Catania, Università di Catania, Via Valdisavoia 9, 95123 Catania (Italy)

2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

53

Early Imaging Correlates of Subsequent Motor Recovery after Stroke  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Early Imaging Correlates of Subsequent Motor Recovery after Stroke Randolph S. Marshall, MS, MD days after stroke correlates with subsequent motor recovery. Methods: Twenty-three patients with hemiparesis after first-time stroke were scanned at 2.0 0.9 days while performing a simple motor task. We

54

INTRODUCTION The replication and subsequent faithful segregation of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as they do not attach to microtubules and should be dispersed throughout the cytoplasm subsequent to nuclear, the nuclear membrane breaks down at the beginning of mitosis, and subsequently spindle microtubules attach, the nuclear membrane reassembles around each group of chromosomes to form two daughter nuclei. Therefore

Wahl, Geoffrey M.

55

Energy solutions for CO2 emission peak and subsequent decline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy solutions for CO2 emission peak and subsequent decline Edited by Leif SĂžnderberg Petersen and Hans Larsen RisĂž-R-1712(EN) September 2009 Proceedings RisĂž International Energy Conference 2009 #12;Editors: Leif SĂžnderberg Petersen and Hans Larsen Title: Energy solutions for CO2 emission peak

56

Determination of nanoparticle structure type, size and strain distribution from X-ray data for monatomic f.c.c.-derived non-crystallographic nanoclusters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Whole-profile-fitting least-squares techniques are successfully applied to simulated and experimental diffraction patterns of monatomic f.c.c.-derived non-crystallographic nanoclusters, with the aim of extracting information about structure-type concentration, size and strain distribution.

Cervellino, A.

2003-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

57

DFT studies of Indium Nanoclusters (Inn where n=3-10) and Nanotube and their interaction with molecular hydrogen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Density functional theory calculations have been performed on Indium nanoclusters (Inn, n= 3 to 10) to explore the relative stability among their different isomers and interaction with H2. Geometry optimizations starting from initial candidate geometries were performed for each cluster size, so as to determine a few low energy isomers for each size. Clusters with planar configuration and high symmetry are found to be more stable. For n=8 there comes transition from 2D to 3D structures, which formed by stacking of planar rings are most stable. Energetically favorable isomers of indium nanoclusters for each size were considered to get H2 adsorbed. In general H2 interaction with these clusters is week but with odd index i.e. 5, 7 and 9 is significant. Indium nanotube also indicates H2 adsorption but Eads increases many folds on introduction of defect in the tube. On basis of these DFT studies we propose indium nanotubes and clusters of particular size appear to be good candidate for hydrogen storage materials.

Baig, Mirza Wasif; Ahmad, Idrees; Siddiq, Muhammad

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Microbial Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide and Subsequent Conversion to Methane  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide and Subsequent Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide and Subsequent conversion to Methane By Nirupam Pal Associate Professor California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo, CA 93401 Email : npal@calpoly.edu Phone : (805) 756-1355 INTRODUCTION The rising level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has been of growing concern in recent years. The increasing levels of carbon dioxide, the most dominant component of greenhouse gases, contribute to global warming and changing global weather patterns which could potentially lead to catastrophic events that could threaten life in every form on this planet. The level of carbon dioxide in the worlds atmosphere has increased from about 280 ppm in 1850 to the current level of approximately 350 ppm. There are several natural sources and sinks of

59

The Top Quark, Its Discovery, and Subsequent Research  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

The Top Quark, Its Discovery, and Subsequent Research The Top Quark, Its Discovery, and Subsequent Research Resources with Additional Information 'Ever since the existence of the bottom (or b) quark was inferred from the discovery of the Upsilon family of resonances at Fermilab in 1977, particle physicists have been on the lookout for its partner, called top (or t). The long search, which occupied experimenters at laboratories around the world, came to a successful conclusion in February 1995 with the announcement that the top quark had been observed in two experiments at the Tevatron proton-antiproton collider at Fermilab. ... Top Quark Courtesy Fermilab Top is the last of the fundamental constituents of subnuclear matter that theories of the strong, weak, and electromagnetic interactions and a wealth of experimental information had led particle physicists to expect. Theoretically, top's existence was required to make the electroweak theory internally consistent.'1

60

Breast cancer and pregnancy : how does a concurrent or subsequent pregnancy affect breast cancer diagnosis, management and outcomes?.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??[Truncated abstract] A diagnosis of breast cancer is a life-changing event for any woman. For young women and their families it can be devastating. Women… (more)

Ives, Angela Denise

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoclusters affects subsequent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Maternal cortisol over the course of pregnancy and subsequent child amygdala and hippocampus volumes and affective problems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...N = 65) Outcome Value Maternal age, y 31.1 ± 6.5 Race/ethnicity, % Non-Hispanic white 37 Hispanic white 22 Black 6 Asian 20 Other 15 Annual household income, % $0 to $30,000 34.5 $30,001 to $60,000 13.8 $60,001 to...

Claudia Buss; Elysia Poggi Davis; Babak Shahbaba; Jens C. Pruessner; Kevin Head; Curt A. Sandman

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Background Fact Sheet Transfer of Depleted Uranium and Subsequent Transactions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Background Fact Sheet Background Fact Sheet Transfer of Depleted Uranium and Subsequent Transactions At the direction of Energy Secretary Steven Chu, over many months, the Energy Department (DOE) has been working closely with Energy Northwest (ENW), the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), and USEC Inc. (USEC) to develop a plan to address the challenges at USEC's Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (GDP) that advances America's national security interests, protects taxpayers, and provides benefits for TVA and the Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA's) electric ratepayers and business operations. BPA is ENW's sole customer, purchasing 100 percent of ENW's Columbia Generating Station's electric power as part of BPA's overall

63

The Effect of Strain on the Stabilization of Oxygen-Enriched Nanoclusters in Fe-Based Alloys  

SciTech Connect

First-principles theory has been developed to understand the unique material state underlying the ultra stability of O-enriched (with Ti and Y solute additions) nanoclusters (NCs) observed in Fe. We show that an essential condition for stabilizing these NCs is a higher O binding energy on the interface (E_S) than in the interior (E_B) of the NCs. The difference between E_B and E_S is due to the effect of strain, originating from the solute-solute repulsion and the presence of O in the form of O-vacancy pair. The strain is also important in controlling the size of NCs which are predicted to exist only within a narrow O concentration range.

Zhao, Huijuan [ORNL; Fu, Chong Long [ORNL; Krcmar, Maja [Grand Valley State University (GVSU), Michigan; Miller, Michael K [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

TOWARDS AFFECTIVE ALGORITHMIC COMPOSITION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TOWARDS AFFECTIVE ALGORITHMIC COMPOSITION Duncan Williams* , Alexis Kirke* , Eduardo Reck Miranda are driving an emerging field: affective algorithmic composition. Strate- gies for algorithmic composition within the last decade) implementing systems for algorithmic composition with the intention of targeting

Miranda, Eduardo Reck

65

Electronic and magnetic properties of Co_n Mo_m nanoclusters with n+m = x and 2<=x<=6 atoms from DFT calculations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the results of the density functional theory study of Co_n Mo_m nanoclusters with n+m=x and 2content and increases with increasing n. The magnetic anisotropy on the other hand becomes smaller for larger magnetic moments S. We observe an increase in the binding energy, electron affinity, and average bond length with increasing cluster size as well as a decrease in the ionization potential, chemical potential, molecular hardness and the HOMO-LUMO gap.

Liebing, Simon; Trepte, Kai; Kortus, Jens

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Factors Affecting Photosynthesis!  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Factors Affecting Photosynthesis! Temperature Eppley (1972) Light Sverdrup's Critical Depth-493, but the general concept is still valid! ! #12;PB opt & Temperature! #12;Photosynthesis & Temperature! Remember: in the laboratory, we can measure photosynthesis versus irradiance (PvsE) and calculate Ek, Pmax, and alpha

Kudela, Raphael M.

67

Simulation of the growth of metal nanoclusters on the MgO(100) surface  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The growth of Pd, Pt, and Ag clusters on the MgO(001) substrate is simulated with the aim to determine particle shape and structural characteristics in relation with data issued from atom-by-atom growth experiments in UHV conditions. Metal-metal interactions are modeled by a second-moment approximation tight-binding potential, while metal-oxide interactions are modeled by an analytic function fitted to first-principles calculations. The cluster growth is simulated with molecular dynamics and followed up to a cluster size of 400 atoms. We show that while at typical experimental temperatures the smallest clusters are melted, the attachment of subsequent adatoms leads to cluster crystallization. Upon crystallization the particles adopt the low-energy structure corresponding to the crystallization size. This latter determines to a large extent the final form of large clusters issued from atom-by-atom growth. Within such a scenario, experimentally observed larger Pd and Pt particles in (001) epitaxy with the substrate may result from kinetic blocking, while the equilibrium shape of large clusters, with metal (111) facet in contact with the oxide substrate, may be unreachable at typical experimental temperatures.

Jacek Goniakowski and Christine Mottet

2010-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

68

In-situ Spectroscopy of Water Oxidation at Ir Oxide Nanocluster Drivenby Visible TiOCr Charge-Transfer Chromophore in Mesoporous Silica  

SciTech Connect

An all-inorganic photocatalytic unit consisting of a binuclear TiOCr charge-transfer chromophore coupled to an Ir oxide nanocluster has been assembled on the pore surface of mesoporous silica AlMCM-41. In situ FT-Raman and EPR spectroscopy of an aqueous suspension of the resulting IrxOy-TiCr-AlMCM-41 powder reveal the formation of superoxide species when exciting the Ti(IV)OCr(III) --> Ti(III)OCr(IV) metal-to-metal charge-transfer chromophore with visible light. Use of H218O confirms that the superoxide species originates from oxidation of water. Photolysis in the absence of persulfate acceptor leads to accumulation of Ti(III) instead. The results are explained by photocatalytic oxidation of water at Ir oxide nanoclusters followed by trapping of the evolving O2 by transient Ti(III) centers to yield superoxide. Given the flexibility to select donor metals with appropriate redox potential, photocatalytic units consisting of a binuclear charge-transfer chromophore coupled to a water oxidation catalyst shown here constitute a step towards thermodynamically efficient visible light water oxidation units.

Frei, Heinz; Han, Hongxian; Frei, Heinz

2008-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

69

Many Factors Affect MPG  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Many Factors Affect Fuel Economy Many Factors Affect Fuel Economy How You Drive Vehicle Maintenance Fuel Variations Vehicle Variations Engine Break-In Vehicles in traffic Quick acceleration and heavy braking can reduce fuel economy by up to 33 percent on the highway and 5 percent around town. New EPA tests account for faster acceleration rates, but vigorous driving can still lower MPG. Excessive idling decreases MPG. The EPA city test includes idling, but more idling will lower MPG. Driving at higher speeds increases aerodynamic drag (wind resistance), reducing fuel economy. The new EPA tests account for aerodynamic drag up to highway speeds of 80 mph, but some drivers exceed this speed. Cold weather and frequent short trips can reduce fuel economy, since your engine doesn't operate efficiently until it is warmed up. In colder

70

Roles of nanoclusters in shear banding and plastic deformation of bulk metallic glasses  

SciTech Connect

During the course of this research we published 33 papers in various physics/material journals. We select four representing papers in this report and their results are summarized as follows. I. To study shear banding process, it is pertinent to know the intrinsic shear strain rate within a propagating shear band. To this aim, we used nanoindentation technique to probe the mechanical response of a Au49Ag5.5Pd2.3Cu26.9Si16.3 bulk metallic glass in locality and found notable pop-in events associated with shear band emission. Using a free volume model and under the situation when temperature and stress/hardness are fixed result in an equation, which predicts that hardness serration caused by pop-in decreases exponentially with the strain rate. Our data are in good agreement with the prediction. The result also predicts that, when strain rate is higher than a critical strain rate of 1700 s^-1, there will be no hardness serration, thereby no pop-in. In other words, multiple shear bandings will take place and material will flow homogeneously. The critical strain rate of 1700 s^-1 can be treated as the intrinsic strain rate within a shear band. We subsequently carried out a simulation study and showed that, if the imposed strain rate was over , the shear band spacing would become so small that the entire sample would virtually behave like one major shear band. Using the datum strain rate =1700 s^-1 and based on a shear band nucleation model proposed by us, the size of a shear-band nucleus in Au-BMG was estimated to be 3 Ă?Â?Ă?Â? 10^6 atoms, or a sphere of ~30 nm in diameter. II. Inspired by the peculiar result published in a Science article Ă?ÂąĂ?Â?Ă?Â?Super Plastic Bulk Metallic Glasses at Room TemperatureĂ?ÂąĂ?Â?Ă?, we synthesized the Zr-based bulk metallic glass with a composition identical to that in the paper (Zr64.13Cu15.75Ni10.12Al10) and, subsequently, tested in compression at the same slow strain rate (~10^-4 s^-1). We found that the dominant deformation mode is always single shear. The stress-strain curve exhibited serrated pattern in the plastic region, which conventionally has been attributed to individual shear band propagation. The scanning electron micrographs taken from the deformed sample surface revealed regularly spaced striations. Analysis indicates that the observed stress-strain serrations are intimately related to the striations on the shear surface, suggesting the serrations were actually caused slip-and-stick shear along the principal shear plane. We further use video camera to conduct in situ compression experiments to unambiguously confirm the one-to-one temporal and spatial correspondence between the intermittent sliding and flow serration. This preferential shear band formation along the principal shear plane is, in fact, a natural consequence of Mode II crack, independent of strain softening or hardening, usually claimed in the literature. III. Flow serration in compression of metallic glasses is caused by the formation and propagation of localized shear bands. These shear bands propagate at an extremely high speed, so high that a load cell and load frame were unable to capture the details of the dynamic event. To subdue this problem, we conducted uniaxial compression on Zr64.13Cu15.75Ni10.12Al10 bulk metallic glass using a high-speed camera to capture the sample image and also high-sensitivity strain gauges attached to the test samples to directly measure the strain. The displacement-time curves obtained from the test and a magnified version of the displacement burst reveals clearly a three-step (acceleration, steady-state, and deceleration) process during shear band propagation. The fastest propagating speed occurring at the steady state is calculated as 8Ă?Â?Ă?Â?10^2 Ă?Â?Ă?”m/s. This speed is about 1,000 times faster than the crosshead speed. This explains the gradual disappearance of flow serration at higher strain rates previously reported during compression of

Nieh, T.G.

2012-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

71

Packaging and fabrication systems for extending storage life and subsequent retail caselife of pork  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PACKAGING AND FABRICATION SYSTEMS FOR EXTENDING STORAGE LIFE AND SUBSEQUENT RETAIL CASELIPE OF PORK A Thesis STEVEN WAYNE RAPE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment to the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1973 Major Subject: Animal Science (Meat Science) PACKAGING AND FABRICATION SYSTEMS FOR EXTENDING STORAGE LIFE AND SUBSEQUENT RETAIL CASELIFE OF PORK A Thesis by STEVEN WAYNE RAPE Approved as to style and content by...

Rape, Steven Wayne

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

72

Effects of thermal pretreatment (removal of steric hindrance) on subsequent nuclear hydrogenation of heavy alkylaromatics  

SciTech Connect

The changes in structures by thermal pretreatment of heavy alkylaromatics, which are very difficult to nuclear hydrogenate, and the effects of the pretreatment on subsequent nuclear hydrogenation were investigated in comparison with catalytic pretreatment of the same feedstock. The following results were obtained: (1) the structures of the thermally pretreated products are quite different from those of the catalytically pretreated ones; (2) subsequent nuclear hydrogenation of the thermally pretreated products becomes much easier because the steric hindrance is removed; (3) in the case where the same feedstock was catalytically pretreated, the products were difficult to nuclear hydrogenate. These results suggest various applications, including heavy oil hydrotreating.

Kubo, Junichi [Nippon Oil Co., Ltd., Yokohama (Japan). Central Technical Research Lab.] [Nippon Oil Co., Ltd., Yokohama (Japan). Central Technical Research Lab.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Plant Protein Localization Using Discriminative and Frequent Partition-Based Subsequences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Plant Protein Localization Using Discriminative and Frequent Partition-Based Subsequences S. Vahid. Extracellular plant proteins are responsible for vital functions such as nutrition acquisi- tion, protection to the extracellular space. There is a variety of localization sites within plant cells such as nucleus, mito- chondria

Zaiane, Osmar R.

74

Research Report Effects of ethanol consumption by adult female rats on subsequent  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research Report Effects of ethanol consumption by adult female rats on subsequent consumption January 2004 Abstract We used a two-bottle choice test to measure voluntary ethanol consumption by adolescent rats that had lived with ethanol-consuming or water-consuming adult conspecifics. We found

Galef Jr., Bennett G.

75

Method of freezing living cells and tissues with improved subsequent survival  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to an improved method for freezing red blood cells, ther living cells, or tissues with improved subsequent survival, wherein constant-volume freezing is utilized that results in significantly improved survival compared with constant-pressure freezing; optimization is attainable through the use of different vessel geometries, cooling baths and warming baths, and sample concentrations.

Senkan, Selim M. (Oak Ridge, TN); Hirsch, Gerald P. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Visual discrimination pretraining facilitates subsequent visual-cue-toxicosis conditioning in rats  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to visually-novel foods. We found that rats which had been pretrained to use visual features of their foodVisual discrimination pretraining facilitates subsequent visual-cue-toxicosis conditioning in rats, Colorado 80309 #12;Abstract The present experiments were undertaken to determine whether rats, pre trained

Galef Jr., Bennett G.

77

On the voting power of an alliance and the subsequent power of its members  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On the voting power of an alliance and the subsequent power of its members Marc R. Feix have interest to form a single voting alliance giving an average gain of influence for all of them. Here, assuming the usual independence of votes, we first study the alliance voting power and obtain new

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

78

Estimation of the minimum shielding failure flashover current for first and subsequent lightning strokes to overhead transmission lines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract ATP-EMTP simulations are performed to estimate the minimum shielding failure current causing flashover in overhead transmission lines with operating voltage in the range of 66 kV up to 735 kV. This critical current, affecting shielding failure flashover rate, is of great importance for assessing the insulation coordination of overhead transmission lines and the connected substations. The minimum shielding failure current causing flashover of line insulation is highly dependent upon insulator string flashover modelling and, also, markedly higher than that calculated according to the relevant IEEE Std 1243-1997 simplified expression. A modification of the latter is suggested by using multiplication factors of 1.5 and 1.65 for first and subsequent lightning strokes, respectively, so as to account for the increased dielectric strength of line insulator strings under non-standard lightning overvoltage surges. Alternatively, the critical currents can be respectively estimated by using average negative breakdown gradients per unit length of insulator string of 680 kV/m and 750 kV/m. The shielding failure flashover rate of the overhead transmission lines, being greatly influenced by insulator string flashover modelling, is lower than that obtained based on the critical current according to IEEE Std 1243-1997.

Zacharias G. Datsios; Pantelis N. Mikropoulos; Thomas E. Tsovilis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Nerve agent intoxication: Recent neuropathophysiological findings and subsequent impact on medical management prospects  

SciTech Connect

This manuscript provides a survey of research findings catered to the development of effective countermeasures against nerve agent poisoning over the past decade. New neuropathophysiological distinctive features as regards organophosphate (OP) intoxication are presented. Such leading neuropathophysiological features include recent data on nerve agent-induced neuropathology, related peripheral or central nervous system inflammation and subsequent angiogenesis process. Hence, leading countermeasures against OP exposure are down-listed in terms of pre-treatment, protection or decontamination and emergency treatments. The final chapter focuses on the description of the self-repair attempt encountered in lesioned rodent brains, up to 3 months after soman poisoning. Indeed, an increased proliferation of neuronal progenitors was recently observed in injured brains of mice subjected to soman exposure. Subsequently, the latter experienced a neuronal regeneration in damaged brain regions such as the hippocampus and amygdala. The positive effect of a cytokine treatment on the neuronal regeneration and subsequent cognitive behavioral recovery are also discussed in this review. For the first time, brain cell therapy and neuronal regeneration are considered as a valuable contribution towards delayed treatment against OP intoxication. To date, efficient delayed treatment was lacking in the therapeutic resources administered to patients contaminated by nerve agents. - Highlights: > This review focuses on neuropathophysiology following nerve agent poisoning in mice. > Extensive data on long-term neuropathology and related inflammation are provided here. > Delayed self-repair attempts encountered in lesioned rodent brains are also described. > Cell therapy is considered as a valuable treatment against nerve agent intoxication.

Collombet, Jean-Marc, E-mail: jmcollombet@imassa.fr

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

80

Complex Forces Affect China's Biodiversity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

global efforts have been put into biodiversity conservation, but biodiversity loss continues rapidly in biodiversity conservation to the global level and help protect biodiversity in other developing countries Wiley & Sons, Ltd. #12;208 ConservationBiology COMPLEXITY OF INTERACTING FORCES AFFECTING BIODIVERSITY

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoclusters affects subsequent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

First versus subsequent return-stroke current and field peaks in negative cloud-to-ground lightning discharges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

First versus subsequent return-stroke current and field peaks in negative cloud-to-ground lightning examine relative magnitudes of electric field peaks of first and subsequent return strokes in negative, the electric field peak of the first stroke is appreciably, 1.7 to 2.4 times, larger than the field peak

Florida, University of

82

Communication cost of classically simulating a quantum channel with subsequent rank-1 projective measurement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A process of preparation, transmission and subsequent projective measurement of a qubit can be simulated by a classical model with only two bits of communication and some amount of shared randomness. However no model for n qubits with a finite amount of classical communication is known at present. A lower bound for the communication cost can provide useful hints for a generalization. It is known for example that the amount of communication must be greater than c 2^n, where c~0.01. The proof uses a quite elaborate theorem of communication complexity. Using a mathematical conjecture known as the "double cap conjecture", we strengthen this result by presenting a geometrical and extremely simple derivation of the lower bound 2^n-1. Only rank-1 projective measurements are involved in the derivation.

Alberto Montina

2011-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

83

Communication cost of classically simulating a quantum channel with subsequent rank-1 projective measurement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A process of preparation, transmission and subsequent projective measurement of a qubit can be simulated by a classical model with only two bits of communication and some amount of shared randomness. However no model for n qubits with a finite amount of classical communication is known at present. A lower bound for the communication cost can provide useful hints for a generalization. It is known for example that the amount of communication must be greater than c 2^n, where c~0.01. The proof uses a quite elaborate theorem of communication complexity. Using a mathematical conjecture known as the "double cap conjecture", we strengthen this result by presenting a geometrical and extremely simple derivation of the lower bound 2^n-1. Only rank-1 projective measurements are involved in the derivation.

Montina, Alberto

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Analysis of Transportation and Logistics Challenges Affecting...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

of Transportation and Logistics Challenges Affecting the Deployment of Larger Wind Turbines: Summary of Results Analysis of Transportation and Logistics Challenges Affecting...

85

Notices LIST OF AFFECTED PROGRAMS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

90 Federal Register 90 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 175 / Friday, September 9, 2011 / Notices LIST OF AFFECTED PROGRAMS CFDA No. and name Publication date and FEDERAL REG- ISTER citation Original deadline for transmittal of applications Revised deadline for transmittal of applications Original deadline for inter-govern- mental review Extended dead- line for inter-gov- ernmental review 84.215N: Promise Neighborhoods Program- Implementation. 7/6/2011 76 FR 39615. 9/06/2011 9/13/2011 11/03/2011 11/10/2011 84.215P: Promise Neighborhoods Program- Planning. 7/06/2011 76 FR 39630. 9/06/2011 9/13/2011 11/03/2011 11/10/2011 Electronic Access to This Document The official version of this document is the document published in the Federal Register. Free Internet access to the official edition of the Federal

86

Notices Affected Public: Individuals and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

23 Federal Register 23 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 23 / Thursday, February 3, 2011 / Notices Affected Public: Individuals and households; not-for-profit institutions; State, Local, or Tribal Government, State Educational Agencies or Local Educational Agencies. Total Estimated Number of Annual Responses: 22,760. Total Estimated Number of Annual Burden Hours: 8,725. Abstract: The study is being conducted as part of the National Assessment of Title I, mandated by Title I, Part E, Section 1501 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. The study is designed to identify school programs and instructional practices associated with improved language development, background knowledge, and comprehension outcomes for children in prekindergarten through third grade. Analyses will estimate the

87

Affective objectives in a programming languages course  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper discusses the use of affective objectives in upper-level computer science courses. The use of affective objectives can enrich student experiences, support student motivation, and enhance the achievement of the cognitive objectives. The paper ... Keywords: BNF, affective objectives, internalization, memory models, parameter passing, programming languages, syntax diagrams, value

David Langan; Leo F. Denton; Dawn McKinney

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Factors Affecting Radiation Dose from a Hypothetical Extrusive Volcanic Event at Yucca Mountain, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the factors that could affect doses to the reasonably maximally exposed individual (RMEI) as a result of a hypothetical extrusive igneous event at Yucca Mountain. Based on available information, there is no evidence that most of the spent fuel in waste packages intersected by a volcanic conduit would be reduced to fine-grained material and subsequently erupted as volcanic ash. (authors)

Weiner, R. [U. S. NRC Advisory Committee on Nuclear Waste and Materials, Rockville, MD (United States); Coleman, N. [U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Rockville, MD (United States)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Onset and Subsequent Transient Phenomena of Liquid Loading in Gas Wells: Experimental Investigation Using a Large Scale Flow Loop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

was carried out to study the onset of liquid loading and the subsequent transient phenomena, using a large scale flow loop to visualize two-phase flow regimes, and to measure pressure and liquid holdup along a 42-m long vertical tube. From this investigation...

Waltrich, Paulo

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

90

Semiconductor Nanoclusters as Potential Photocatalysts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

High Power Electronics Based on the 2-Dimensional Electron Gas in GaN High Power Electronics Based on the 2-Dimensional Electron Gas in GaN Heterostructures by S. R. Kurtz, A. A. Allerman, and D. Koleski Motivation-GaN-based electronics offer miniaturization potential of radical proportions for microwave power amplifiers. GaN's large bandgap, high breakdown field, high electron velocity, and excellent thermal properties have led to high electron mobility transistors (HEMT) with up to 10x the power density of GaAs and other traditional semiconductors at frequencies up to 20 GHz. Further contributing to the outstanding performance of GaN-based amplifiers is the highly conducting, 2-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) used for the HEMT channel. Intrinsic polarization and piezoelectric properties of GaN materials can produce a 2DEG at an

91

Semiconductor Nanoclusters as Potential Photocatalysts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0001 0001 Transport and Kinetic Processes in GaN Epitaxial Lateral Overgrowth M. E. Coltrin and C. C. Mitchell Motivation-GaN is a wide band gap semi- conductor with a broad range of potential appli- cations, e.g., high-temperature electronics, op- telectronics, chemical or biological sensors. GaN thin films usually have a high defect den- sity, leading to poor performance. Epitaxial Lat- eral Overgrowth (ELO) has been shown to greatly reduce defect densities, often by factors of 100 or more. We are conducting fundamental studies of GaN growth kinetics during ELO. Accomplishment-In ELO, a mask pattern of dielectric material is deposited on top of a GaN buffer layer. Further growth of GaN occurs se- lectively on exposed areas of the underlying buffer layer, and not on the dielectric material.

92

Semiconductor Nanoclusters as Potential Photocatalysts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Development of Cantilever Epitaxy to Produce High Quality GaN with Reduced Development of Cantilever Epitaxy to Produce High Quality GaN with Reduced Threading Dislocation Densities by C. C. Mitchell, A. A. Allerman, C. I. H. Ashby, R. D. Briggs, D. M. Follstadt, S. L. Lee, D. D. Koleske Motivation-GaN grown on any currently available substrates has an inherent problem of having to overcome a large lattice mismatch with the substrate. As a result typical planar GaN includes anywhere from 10 8 - 10 10 threading dislocations per square centimeter. Cantilever epitaxy (CE) is a technique developed to produce areas of GaN with a reduced number of vertical threading dislocations (VTDs) over large areas. Low defect materials are required to reduce leakage and breakdown of both electronic and opto- electronic devices. Accomplishment-This

93

Migratory birds affect stability of intertidal sediments.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An ecological cascade effect: Migratory birds affect stability of ... tion) effect changes in coastal and estuarine .... ship would be expected if the cohesion was.

1999-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

94

Protective Effects of Repetitive Injections of Radiographic Contrast Media on the Subsequent Tolerance to Ischemia in the Isolated Rat Heart  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Despite detailed knowledge of the effects of X-ray contrast media on cardiac function, no studies have examined the effect of contrast media injections on the subsequent tolerance to ischemia in the heart.Methods: Isolated perfused rat hearts were exposed to repetitive injections of iohexol, iodixanol, or ioxaglate before 30 min of global ischemia and 120 min of reperfusion. These groups were compared with control (no pretreatment) and ischemic preconditioning known to reduce infarct size. Physiologic variables and infarct size were measured. Results: Pretreatment with iodixanol reduced infarct size significantly compared with control and thus afforded protection against ischemia. Injections with iohexol and ioxaglate reduced infarct size, although not significantly, compared with control.Conclusion: Pretreatment of the isolated rat heart with commonly used contrast media enhances the cardiac tolerance to subsequent ischemia. The mechanism behind this protective effect could not be determined, but could involve stretching of the heart and/or generation of nitric oxide.

Falck, Geir; Bruvold, Morten [Department of Physiology and Biomedical Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Medisinsk Teknisk Senter, N-7489 Trondheim (Norway); Schjott, Jan [Experimental Cardiology Unit, RELIS VEST, Haukeland Hospital, N-5021 Bergen (Norway); Jynge, Per [Department of Physiology and Biomedical Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Medisinsk Teknisk Senter, N-7489 Trondheim (Norway)

2000-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

95

Pressure Swing Absorption Device and Process for Separating CO2 from Shifted Syngas and its Capture for Subsequent Storage  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pressure Swing Absorption Device and Pressure Swing Absorption Device and Process for Separating CO 2 from Shifted Syngas and its Capture for Subsequent Storage Background Pulverized coal-fired power plants provide more than 50 percent of electricity needs while accounting for a third of the total carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) emissions in the United States. However, capturing CO 2 from the flue gas stream in coal-fired power plants using current commercial CO 2 capture technology could consume up

96

Emission Reduction and Assisted Combustion Strategies for Compression Ignition Engines with Subsequent Testing on a Single-Cylinder Engine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a probe connected to the exhaust pipe. This volume is drawn through a filter paper with subsequent measurement using an orifice flow meter. The blackening of the filter paper is recorded as a Filtration Soot Number (FSN) and as a soot.... Other areas of possible concern comprise fouling or leaking of the system, as well as condensation building up within the cooler. In 2002, Abd-Alla investigated the potential of EGR to reduce NOx emissions. The discussion in this paper mentions...

Ragone, Colter

2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

97

FEMP Releases AFFECT Funding Opportunity Announcement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

On November 5, 2013, the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) issued a Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) on the EERE Exchange titled "Assisting Federal Facilities with Energy Conservation Technologies (AFFECT)."

98

The effect of added phosphorus on the reproductive performance of turkey hens and the subsequent effect upon the poult  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

~ fulfillment cf ihn requirement for the degree of NASTER OF SClFNCE Au gus 't 1970 (m~on th ~yea~r Najor Subject P ltd THE EFFECT OF ADDED PHOSPHORUS ON THE REPRODUCTIVE PERFORIM?E OF TURKEY HENS AND THE SUBSEQUENT EFFECT UPON THE POUDT CI o rA l4... in cages and fed diets containing phosphorus from plant sources only (0. 35/ total phosphorus) and diets that had supplemental inorganic phosphorus added (1. 0@ total phosphorus). Calcium levels were maintained at 2. 5 per- cent for each diet...

Sewell, Charles Edward

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Environmental Triggers that Affect Children's Health  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Environmental Triggers that Affect Children's Health A Clean Environment Can Lead to Better Health! An online course for child care providers and parents, presented by the Texas AgriLife Extension Service Children's Health Course developed by Janie L. Harris, M.Ed. Extension Housing and Environment Specialist

100

Environmental issues affecting clean coal technology deployment  

SciTech Connect

The author outlines what he considers to be the key environmental issues affecting Clean Coal Technology (CCT) deployment both in the US and internationally. Since the international issues are difficult to characterize given different environmental drivers in various countries and regions, the primary focus of his remarks is on US deployment. However, he makes some general remarks, particularly regarding the environmental issues in developing vs. developed countries and how these issues may affect CCT deployment. Further, how environment affects deployment depends on which particular type of clean coal technology one is addressing. It is not the author`s intention to mention many specific technologies other than to use them for the purposes of example. He generally categorizes CCTs into four groups since environment is likely to affect deployment for each category somewhat differently. These four categories are: Precombustion technologies such as coal cleaning; Combustion technologies such as low NOx burners; Postcombustion technologies such as FGD systems and postcombustion NOx control; and New generation technologies such as gasification and fluidized bed combustion.

Miller, M.J. [Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoclusters affects subsequent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Does Daylight Savings Time Affect Traffic Accidents?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper studies the effect of changes in accident pattern due to Daylight Savings Time (DST). The extension of the DST in 2007 provides a natural experiment to determine whether the number of traffic accidents is affected by shifts in hours...

Deen, Sophia 1988-

2012-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

102

Factors Affecting PMU Installation Costs (October 2014)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Department of Energy investigated the major cost factors that affected PMU installation costs for the synchrophasor projects funded through the Recovery Act Smart Grid Programs. The data was compiled through interviews with the nine projects that deployed production grade synchrophasor systems.

103

Endocrine disrupting chemicals affect the adipogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells in distinct ontogenetic windows  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Endocrine disrupting chemicals affect adipogenesis in mesenchymal stem cells (MSC). Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The adipogenic impact depends strongly on the window of exposure. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Bisphenol A reduces the potential of MSC to differentiate into adipocytes. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer DEHP and TBT trigger the adipogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer BPA, DEHP and TBT did not affect adipogenesis in embryonic stem cells. -- Abstract: Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDC) like bisphenol A (BPA), bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) and tributyltin (TBT) are ubiquitously present in the environment and in human tissues. They bind to nuclear hormone receptors and affect cellular and developmental processes. In this study, we show that BPA, DEHP and TBT affect the adipogenic differentiation of murine mesenchymal stem cells (MSC, C3H/10T1/2) in a concentration-, stage- and compound-specific manner. C3H/10T1/2 cells and embryonic stem cells (CGR8) were exposed to BPA, DEHP or TBT at different stages of cell determination and differentiation (undifferentiated growth, adipogenic induction and terminal adipogenic differentiation). The final amount of differentiated adipocytes, cellular triglyceride content and mRNA expression of adipogenic marker genes (adiponectin, FABP4, PPAR{gamma}2, LPL) were quantified and compared with corresponding unexposed cells. BPA (10 {mu}M) decreased subsequent adipogenic differentiation of MSC, when cells were exposed during undifferentiated growth. In contrast, DEHP (100 {mu}M) during the hormonal induction period, and TBT (100 nM) in all investigated stages, enhanced adipogenesis. Importantly, exposure of undifferentiated murine embryonic stem cells did not show any effect of the investigated EDC on subsequent adipogenic differentiation.

Biemann, Ronald, E-mail: ronald.biemann@medizin.uni-halle.de [Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Martin Luther University, Faculty of Medicine, Halle (Germany)] [Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Martin Luther University, Faculty of Medicine, Halle (Germany); Navarrete Santos, Anne [Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Martin Luther University, Faculty of Medicine, Halle (Germany)] [Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Martin Luther University, Faculty of Medicine, Halle (Germany); Navarrete Santos, Alexander [Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Martin Luther University, Faculty of Medicine, Halle (Germany)] [Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Martin Luther University, Faculty of Medicine, Halle (Germany); Riemann, Dagmar [Department of Immunology, Martin Luther University, Faculty of Medicine, Halle (Germany)] [Department of Immunology, Martin Luther University, Faculty of Medicine, Halle (Germany); Knelangen, Julia [Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Martin Luther University, Faculty of Medicine, Halle (Germany)] [Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Martin Luther University, Faculty of Medicine, Halle (Germany); Blueher, Matthias [Department of Medicine, University of Leipzig, Leipzig (Germany)] [Department of Medicine, University of Leipzig, Leipzig (Germany); Koch, Holger [Institute for Prevention and Occupational Medicine of the German Social Accident Insurance, Institute of the Ruhr-University Bochum (IPA), Ruhr-University Bochum, Bochum (Germany)] [Institute for Prevention and Occupational Medicine of the German Social Accident Insurance, Institute of the Ruhr-University Bochum (IPA), Ruhr-University Bochum, Bochum (Germany); Fischer, Bernd [Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Martin Luther University, Faculty of Medicine, Halle (Germany)] [Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Martin Luther University, Faculty of Medicine, Halle (Germany)

2012-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

104

Variables Affecting Economic Development of Wind Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Variables Affecting Economic Variables Affecting Economic Development of Wind Energy E. Lantz and S. Tegen National Renewable Energy Laboratory Presented at WINDPOWER 2008 Houston, Texas June 1-4, 2008 Conference Paper NREL/CP-500-43506 July 2008 NREL is operated by Midwest Research Institute ● Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Midwest Research Institute (MRI), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-99GO10337. Accordingly, the US Government and MRI retain a nonexclusive royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others to do so, for US Government purposes. This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

105

1995 Reformulated Gasoline Market Affected Refiners Differently  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 Reformulated Gasoline Market Affected 5 Reformulated Gasoline Market Affected Refiners Differently by John Zyren, Charles Dale and Charles Riner Introduction The United States has completed its first summer driving season using reformulated gasoline (RFG). Motorists noticed price increases at the retail level, resulting from the increased cost to produce and deliver the product, as well as from the tight sup- ply/demand balance during the summer. This arti- cle focuses on the costs of producing RFG as experienced by different types of refiners and on how these refiners fared this past summer, given the prices for RFG at the refinery gate. RFG Regulatory Requirements The use of RFG is a result of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA). The CAAA cover a wide range of programs aimed at improving air qual-

106

Commercial Building HVAC: How it Affects People  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Commercial Building HVAC: How it Affects People Commercial Building HVAC: How it Affects People Speaker(s): William Fisk Date: November 13, 2000 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: David Faulkner Commercial building heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems are designed primarily to maintain a reasonable level of thermal comfort while limiting first costs and energy consumption. However, research conducted predominately within the last decade suggests that commercial building HVAC significantly influences human outcomes other than thermal comfort, including the health, satisfaction, and work performance of the building's occupants. This presentation will review the relationships of these outcomes with HVAC system type, filtration system efficiency, indoor air temperature, and outside air ventilation rate.

107

Ambient Airborne Solids Concentrations Including Volcanic Ash at Hanford, Washington Sampling Sites Subsequent to the Mount St. Helens Eruption  

SciTech Connect

A major eruption of Mount St. Helens occurred on May 18, 1980. Subsequently, airborne solid concentrations were measured as a function of time at two sites within the southern edge of the fallout plume about 211 km east of Mount St. Helens. This ash was a source for investigating area-wide resuspension. Rain had a variable effect on decreasing airborne concentrations from resuspension. From 0.5 to 1.5 cm of rain were required to significantly reduce airborne solid concentrations through July. For a more aged resuspension source in September, a rain of 2.0 cm had a negligible effect. A monthly average threshold-wind speed for resuspension was defined as 3.6 m/s. For monthly-average wind speeds less than the threshold wind speed, monthly-average airborne concentrations tended to decrease with time. A decrease was recorded between September and October. For this 4-month time period, the half-life was on the order of 50 days, corresponding to a weathering rate of 5.1 year/sup -1/.

Sehmel, G.A.

1982-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

108

Financial Incentives Available for Facilities Affected by the...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Financial Incentives Available for Facilities Affected by the US EPA Boiler MACT Proposed Rule, December 2012 Financial Incentives Available for Facilities Affected by the US EPA...

109

Factors Affecting HCCI Combustion Phasing for Fuels with Single...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Affecting HCCI Combustion Phasing for Fuels with Single- and Dual-Stage Chemistry Factors Affecting HCCI Combustion Phasing for Fuels with Single- and Dual-Stage Chemistry 2004...

110

Exporting licensing regulations affecting US geothermal firms  

SciTech Connect

This document presents a brief introduction and overview of the Department of Commerce's Export Administration Regulations which might affect potential US geothermal goods exporters. It is intended to make US geothermal firms officials aware of the existence of such regulations and to provide them with references, contacts and phone numbers where they can obtain specific and detailed information and assistance. It must be stressed however, that the ultimate responsibility for complying with the above mentioned regulations lies with the exporter who must consult the complete version of the regulations.

Not Available

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Is climate change affecting human health?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

First principles suggest that climate change is affecting human health, based on what is understood about the relationships between the mean and variability of temperature, precipitation, and other weather variables and climate-sensitive health outcomes, and the magnitude of climate change that has occurred. However, the complexity of these relationships and the multiple drivers of climate-sensitive health outcomes makes the detection and attribution of changing disease patterns to climate change very challenging. Nevertheless, efforts to do so are vital for informing policy and for prioritizing adaptation and mitigation options.

Kristie L Ebi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

FCV Learning Demonstration: Factors Affecting Fuel Cell Degradation (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Presentation on factors affecting fuel cell degradation in the DOE Fuel Cell Vehicle learning demonstation.

Kurtz, J.; Wipke, K.; Sprik, S.

2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

113

Effects of fluoride and polymeric additives on the dissolution of calcite and the subsequent formation of fluorite  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Fluoride is a problematic contaminant of the ground water arising from both natural and man-made origins. In this report, the fluoride uptake by calcite (calcium carbonate) was examined with emphasis on the effects of model organic compounds (polymers) and the possible adhesion of fluorite (calcium fluoride) on calcite. The primary route of the fluoride removal was fluorite formation through dissolution-and-recrystallization. While all model polymers affected the kinetics of fluorite formation, the positively charged poly(ethylene imine) had the most inhibiting influence. The observation of the calcite single crystals using atomic force microscopy revealed that the inhibitory effect was attributed to the retarded diffusion of fluoride to the calcite surface, which was also in accordance with the analysis of bulk experiments with calcite powders. It was also found that the oriented growth of fluorite was induced on the calcite (1 0 4) surface probably by the epitaxy with the (1 2 0) plane of fluorite. The current results could be of critical implications in the process design of fluoride removal by considering organic interferences and minimizing the need of flocculation step.

Taewook Yang; Wansoo Huh; Jae Young Jho; Il Won Kim

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Factors affecting water quality in Cherokee Reservoir  

SciTech Connect

The purpose was to: (1) define reservoir problems related to water quality conditions; (2) identify the probable causes of these problems; and (3) recommend procedures for achieving needed reservoir water quality improvements. This report presents the project findings to date and suggests steps for upgrading the quality of Cherokee Reservoir. Section II presents background information on the characteristics of the basin, the reservoir, and the beneficial uses of the reservoir. Section III identifies the impacts of existing reservoir water quality on uses of the reservoir for water supply, fishery resources, recreation, and waste assimilation. Section IV presents an assessment of cause-effect relationships. The factors affecting water quality addressed in Section IV are: (1) reservoir thermal stratification and hydrodynamics; (2) dissolved oxygen depletion; (3) eutrophication; (4) toxic substances; and (5) reservoir fisheries. Section V presents a preliminary evaluation of alternatives for improving the quality of Cherokee Reservoir. Section VI presents preliminary conclusions and recommendations for developing and implementing a reservoir water quality management plan. 7 references, 22 figures, 21 tables.

Iwanski, M.L.; Higgins, J.M.; Kim, B.R.; Young, R.C.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Assisting Federal Facilities with Energy Conservation Technologies (AFFECT) Funding Opportunity  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

FEMP provides project assistance through the Assisting Federal Facilities with Energy Conservation Technologies (AFFECT) funding opportunity. AFFECT provides grants for the development of capital projects to increase the energy efficiency and renewable energy investments at Federal agency facilities.

116

Enhanced Oil Recovery Affects the Future Energy Mix | GE Global...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Affects the Future Energy Mix Enhanced Oil Recovery Affects the Future Energy Mix Trevor Kirsten 2012.11.19 One of the fascinating things about my job is contemplating questions...

117

Comparison of a reduced carbohydrate and reduced fat diet for LDL, HDL, and VLDL subclasses during 9-months of weight maintenance subsequent to weight loss  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

related to weight management. Additionally, participants followed a liquid very low-energy diet of ~2092 kJ per day for the first three months of the study. Subsequently, participants followed a dietary plan for nine months that targeted a reduced...

LeCheminant, James D.; Smith, Bryan K.; Westman, Eric C.; Vernon, Mary C.; Donnelly, Joseph E.

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Review of critical factors affecting crude corrosivity  

SciTech Connect

Lower quality opportunity crudes are now processed in most refineries and the source of the crudes may vary daily. These feedstocks, if not properly handled, can result in reduction in service life of equipment as well as costly failure and downtime. Analytical tools are needed to predict their high temperature corrosivity toward distillation units. Threshold in total sulfur and total acid number (TAN) have been used for many years as rules of thumb for predicting crude corrosivity, However, it is now realized that they are not accurate in their predictive ability. Crudes with similar composition and comparable with respect to process considerations have been found to be entirely different in their impact on corrosion. Naphthenic acid content, sulfur content, velocity, temperature, and materials of construction are the main factors affecting the corrosion process, Despite progress made in elucidating the role of the different parameters on the crude corrosivity process, the main problem is in calculating their combined effect, especially when the corroding stream is such a complex mixture. The TAN is usually related directly to naphthenic acid content. However, discrepancies between analytical methods and interference of numerous components of the crude itself lead to unreliable reported content of naphthenic acid. The sulfur compounds, with respect to corrosivity, appear to relate more to their decomposition at elevated temperature to form hydrogen sulfide than to their total content in crude. This paper reviews the present situation regarding crude corrosivity in distillation units, with the aim of indicating the extent of available information, and areas where further research is necessary.

Tebbal, S.; Kane, R.D. [CLI International, Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Inferring Group Processes from Computer-Mediated Affective Text Analysis  

SciTech Connect

Political communications in the form of unstructured text convey rich connotative meaning that can reveal underlying group social processes. Previous research has focused on sentiment analysis at the document level, but we extend this analysis to sub-document levels through a detailed analysis of affective relationships between entities extracted from a document. Instead of pure sentiment analysis, which is just positive or negative, we explore nuances of affective meaning in 22 affect categories. Our affect propagation algorithm automatically calculates and displays extracted affective relationships among entities in graphical form in our prototype (TEAMSTER), starting with seed lists of affect terms. Several useful metrics are defined to infer underlying group processes by aggregating affective relationships discovered in a text. Our approach has been validated with annotated documents from the MPQA corpus, achieving a performance gain of 74% over comparable random guessers.

Schryver, Jack C [ORNL; Begoli, Edmon [ORNL; Jose, Ajith [Missouri University of Science and Technology; Griffin, Christopher [Pennsylvania State University

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Effect of clipping at several stages of growth of first year plants of cane Bluesteam (Andropogon barbinodis Lag.) on subsequent development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1965 Major Subject: Range Management EFFECT OF CLIPPING AT SEVERAL STAGES OF GROWTH OF FIRST YEAR PLANTS OF CANE BLUESTEM (~Ad P S S d I S. ) ON SUBSEQUENT DEVELDPMENT... L. Leinweber. Also, thanks to Mr. Paul Ohlenbusch, graduate student of Range Management, for his help and suggestions during the study. Appreciation is extended to Dr. Eldred E. Dayhoff, staff member of the Institute of Statistics, and Mr...

Bernardon, Abel Eduardo

1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoclusters affects subsequent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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121

SciTech Connect: Water-related Issues Affecting Conventional...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Water-related Issues Affecting Conventional Oil and Gas Recovery and Potential Oil-Shale Development in the Uinta Basin, Utah Citation Details In-Document Search Title:...

122

Buildings Energy Data Book: 4.4 Legislation Affecting Energy...  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

2 Executive Order 13423, Provisions Affecting Energy Consumption in Federal Buildings Source(s): -- Requires Federal agencies to improve energy efficiency and reduce greenhouse gas...

123

AVEC 2014: 3D Dimensional Affect and Depression Recognition Challenge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mood disorders are inherently related to emotion. In particular, the behaviour of people suffering from mood disorders such as unipolar depression shows a strong temporal correlation with the affective dimensions valence, arousal and dominance. In addition ... Keywords: affective computing, challenge, emotion recognition, facial expression, speech

Michel Valstar, Björn Schuller, Kirsty Smith, Timur Almaev, Florian Eyben, Jarek Krajewski, Roddy Cowie, Maja Pantic

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Generating Affective Music Icons in the Emotion Plane  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Generating Affective Music Icons in the Emotion Plane Abstract In this paper, we discuss the generation of icons that represent the emotion expressed in music. We use the emotion plane for connecting the music with the icon shape affectively. A model to project arbitrary music on the plane is introduced

Lee, In-Kwon

125

HEART SMART NUTRITION What Affects Your Cholesterol Levels?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lesson 2 HEART SMART NUTRITION What Affects Your Cholesterol Levels? Several things affect cholesterol level, thus reducing your risk of heart disease. Weight ~ Being overweight tends to increase your cholesterol and is a risk factor for heart disease. Lose weight to help lower low density lipoproteins

126

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting soil fauna Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

on florafauna or human health; *affect on landscape and natural... result in : *air pollution; *soil and water pollution; *affect on florafauna or human health; *affect... ......

127

Regulation of Dams and Bridges Affecting Navigable Waters (Wisconsin) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Dams and Bridges Affecting Navigable Waters Dams and Bridges Affecting Navigable Waters (Wisconsin) Regulation of Dams and Bridges Affecting Navigable Waters (Wisconsin) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Water Buying & Making Electricity Home Weatherization Program Info Start Date 2007 State Wisconsin Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Natural Resources Chapter 31 of the Wisconsin Statutes lays out the regulations relevant to

128

Work Affecting Public Waters (Minnesota) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Work Affecting Public Waters (Minnesota) Work Affecting Public Waters (Minnesota) Work Affecting Public Waters (Minnesota) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Siting and Permitting Earlier sections of chapter 103G describe the process of delineating public

129

How Has Saving Energy Affected Your Health? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Has Saving Energy Affected Your Health? Has Saving Energy Affected Your Health? How Has Saving Energy Affected Your Health? February 4, 2010 - 6:30am Addthis We don't often speak of it in these terms, but saving energy can sometimes have a positive influence on your health. Maybe you're getting more exercise because you bike to work instead of drive, or you're getting more fresh air while jogging outside instead of on the treadmill (not to mention vitamin D!). Maybe you're eating more raw fruits and vegetables instead of turning on the oven to bake a pizza or driving for fast food. Tell us your story. How has saving energy affected your health? Each Thursday, you have the chance to share your thoughts on a question about energy efficiency or renewable energy for consumers. E-mail your responses to the Energy Saver team at consumer.webmaster@nrel.gov.

130

How Has Saving Energy Affected Your Health? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

How Has Saving Energy Affected Your Health? How Has Saving Energy Affected Your Health? How Has Saving Energy Affected Your Health? February 4, 2010 - 6:30am Addthis We don't often speak of it in these terms, but saving energy can sometimes have a positive influence on your health. Maybe you're getting more exercise because you bike to work instead of drive, or you're getting more fresh air while jogging outside instead of on the treadmill (not to mention vitamin D!). Maybe you're eating more raw fruits and vegetables instead of turning on the oven to bake a pizza or driving for fast food. Tell us your story. How has saving energy affected your health? Each Thursday, you have the chance to share your thoughts on a question about energy efficiency or renewable energy for consumers. E-mail your responses to the Energy Saver team at consumer.webmaster@nrel.gov.

131

Does health reform affect self-employment? Evidence from Massachusetts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper evaluates whether the implementation of the 2006 Massachusetts health reform law affected the decision of taxpayers to ... Though tenuous, our results suggest that the reform led to a decline in the ra...

Bradley T. Heim; Ithai Z. Lurie

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Paternal investment directly affects female reproductive effort in an insect  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...October 2003 research-article Paternal investment directly affects female reproductive...Accurate quantification of reproductive investment is not possible in many species. Butterflies...production of high-donating sons. paternal investment|maternal effort|differential allocation...

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Microscopic observations of samples affected by delayed ettringite formation (DEF)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article, which deals with the study of the microscopic modifications of DEF-affected materials, has two main objectives. The first one is to study the influence of sample preparation on the microcracks of sp...

Nordine Leklou; Jean-Emmanuel Aubert; Gilles Escadeillas

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

When Does Information Asymmetry Affect the Cost of Capital?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper examines when information asymmetry among investors affects the cost of capital in excess of standard risk factors. When equity markets are perfectly competitive, information asymmetry has no separate effect on ...

Armstrong, Christopher S.

135

How the Koontz Decision May Affect Climate Change Policy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Please join us for a Sept. 10 webinar to discuss the Supreme Court's controversial decision in Koontz v. St. Johns River Water Management District and explore how the decision may affect the...

136

Transformation induced plasticity assisted steels: stress or strain affected martensitic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transformation induced plasticity assisted steels: stress or strain affected martensitic transformation? S. Chatterjee and H. K. D. H. Bhadeshia* Transformation induced plasticity (TRIP) assisted steels contain a small quantity of carbon enriched retained austenite, which transforms into martensite during

Cambridge, University of

137

Summary of Major Energy Bill Provisions Affecting Federal Energy Managers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Major Energy Bill Provisions Affecting Federal Energy Managers of Major Energy Bill Provisions Affecting Federal Energy Managers Section Lead Agency Provisions 102. Energy management goals DOE * Annual energy reduction goal of 2% from FY 2006 - FY 2015 * Reporting baseline changed from 1985 to 2003 * In 180 days, DOE issues guidelines * Retention of energy and water savings by agencies * DOE reports annually on progress to the President and Congress

138

Summary of Major Energy Bill Provisions Affecting Federal Energy Managers  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of Major Energy Bill Provisions Affecting Federal Energy Managers of Major Energy Bill Provisions Affecting Federal Energy Managers Section Lead Agency Provisions 102. Energy management goals DOE * Annual energy reduction goal of 2% from FY 2006 - FY 2015 * Reporting baseline changed from 1985 to 2003 * In 180 days, DOE issues guidelines * Retention of energy and water savings by agencies * DOE reports annually on progress to the President and Congress

139

An economic analysis of factors affecting the Texas potato market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF FACTORS AFFECTING THE TEXAS POTATO MARKET A Thesis OLADIMAGI WINSOME ASGILL Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE May 1989 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OP FACTORS AFFECTING THE TEXAS POTATO MARKET A Thesis OLADIMAGI WINSOME ASGILL Approved as to style and content by: H. L. Goodwin (Chair of Committee) S. W. Fuller (Member...

Asgill, Oladimagi Winsome

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

140

Identification of factors affecting the palatability of goat meat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Copyright by MERRITT IVAN PIKE 1975 IDENTIFICATION OF FACTORS AFFECTING THE PALATABILITY OF GOAT MEAT A Thesis by MERRITT IVAN PIKE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A8M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1974 Major Subject: Animal Science (Meat Science) IDENTIFICATION OF FACTORS AFFECTING THE PALATABILITY OF GOAT MEAT A Thesis by MERRITT IVAN PIKE Approved as to style and content by: Co- an of Committee Co...

Pike, Merritt Ivan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoclusters affects subsequent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Factors affecting embryo donor performance in Brahman cows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FACTORS AFFECTING EMBRYO DONOR PERFORMANCE IN BRAHMAN COWS A Thesis by PEDRO SEGUNDO BASTIDAS Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1986... Major Subject: Physiology of Reproduction FACTORS AFFECTING EMBRYO DONOR PERFORMANCE IN BRAHMAN COWS A Thesis by PEDRO SEGUNDO BASTIDAS Approved as to style and content by: R. D. Randel (Chairman of Committee) P. G. Harms (Committee Member) D...

Bastidas, Pedro Segundo

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

142

Gasoline Engine Economy as Affected by the Time of Ignition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

KU ScholarWorks | The University of Kansas Pre-1923 Dissertations and Theses Collection Gasoline Engine Economy as Affected by the Time of Ignition 1907 by George Jay Hopkins This work was digitized by the Scholarly Communications program staff... in the KU Libraries’ Center for Digital Scholarship. http://kuscholarworks.ku.edu Submitted to the University of Kansas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Bachelor of Science GASOLINE ENCUNE ECONOMY as Affected W the Time...

Hopkins, George Jay

1907-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

On the structure and the behaviour of Collatz 3n + 1 sequences - Finite subsequences and the role of the Fibonacci sequence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is shown that every Collatz sequence $C(s)$ consists only of same structured finite subsequences $C^h(s)$ for $s\\equiv9\\ (mod\\ 12)$ or $C^t(s)$ for $s\\equiv3,7\\ (mod\\ 12)$. For starting numbers of specific residue classes ($mod\\ 12\\cdot2^h$) or ($mod\\ 12\\cdot2^{t+1}$) the finite subsequences have the same length $h,t$. It is conjectured that for each $h,t\\geq2$ the number of all admissible residue classes is given exactly by the Fibonacci sequence. This has been proved for $2\\leq h,t\\leq50$. Collatz's conjecture is equivalent to the conjecture that for each $s\\in\\mathbb{N},s>1$, there exists $k\\in\\mathbb{N}$ such that $T^k(s)It is shown that Collatz's conjecture is true, if every starting number $s\\equiv3,7\\ (mod\\ 12)$ have finite stopping time. We denote $\\tau(s)$ as the number of $C^t(s)$ until $\\sigma(s)$ is reached for a starting number $s\\equiv3,7\\ (mod\\ 12)$. Starting numbers of specific residue classes ($mod\\ 3\\cdot2^{\\sigma(s)}$) have the same stopping times $\\sigma(s)$ and $\\tau(s)$. By using $\\tau(s)$ it is shown that almost all $s\\equiv3,7\\ (mod\\ 12)$ have finite stopping time and statistically two out of three $s\\equiv3,7\\ (mod\\ 12)$ have $\\tau(s)=1$. Further it is shown what consequences it entails, if a $C(s)$ grows to infinity.

Mike Winkler

2014-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

144

Portsmouth DUF6 Conversion Final EIS - Chapter 3: Affected Environment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Portsmouth DUF Portsmouth DUF 6 Conversion Final EIS 3 AFFECTED ENVIRONMENT This EIS considers the proposed action of building and operating a conversion facility at the Portsmouth site for conversion of the Portsmouth and ETTP DUF 6 cylinder inventories. Section 3.1 presents a detailed description of the affected environment for the Portsmouth site. Because the option of shipping cylinders from the ETTP site in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, to the Portsmouth site for conversion is part of the proposed action, a detailed description of the affected environment for the ETTP site is provided in Section 3.2. 3.1 PORTSMOUTH SITE The Portsmouth site is located in Pike County, Ohio, approximately 22 mi (35 km) north of the Ohio River and 3 mi (5 km) southeast of the town of Piketon (Figure 3.1-1). The two

145

Analysis Of Factors Affecting Natural Source Slf Electromagnetic  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Factors Affecting Natural Source Slf Electromagnetic Factors Affecting Natural Source Slf Electromagnetic Exploration At Geothermal Wells Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Analysis Of Factors Affecting Natural Source Slf Electromagnetic Exploration At Geothermal Wells Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: The Super Low Frequency (SLF) electromagnetic exploration was performed by using a nature source SLF electromagnetic detector at two geothermal wells in Peking University. The data of the SLF electromagnetic exploration at well JR-119 and JR-168 were obtained with the observation of continued five days and four times per day at well JR-119 and of one day at well JR-168. Based on these data, the influencing factors of the SI-F electromagnetic exploration were analyzed, which included the relationship

146

Assess Site Factors That Affect Employee Commuting Options for Greenhouse  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Assess Site Factors That Affect Employee Commuting Options for Assess Site Factors That Affect Employee Commuting Options for Greenhouse Gas Profile Assess Site Factors That Affect Employee Commuting Options for Greenhouse Gas Profile October 7, 2013 - 1:52pm Addthis YOU ARE HERE: Step 2 After establishing an employee commuting behavior baseline for evaluating a greenhouse gas (GHG) profile, analyze the specific characteristics of the agency's major worksites to help determine which alternative commute methods and work arrangements are viable and what types of strategies may be most effective for promoting those alternatives. It is recommended that worksite-level data collection focus on worksites with the: Largest number of employees, or clusters of worksites with large employee populations in an area with diverse commuting infrastructure

147

Bone breakage in laying hens as affected by dietary supplements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BONE BREAKAGE IN LAYING HENS AS AFFECTED BY DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS A Thesis by DAVID JOE MOORE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas Al!M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1975... Major Subject: Poultry Science (Physiology) BONE BREAKAGE IN LAYING HENS AS AFFECTED BY DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS A Thesis by DAVID JOE MOORE Approved as to style and content by: Chairman of Comm' ee ad o Department) Member Member '7 I ls&wr g ~, /0...

Moore, David Joe

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Laboratory investigation of MIC threat due to hydrotest using untreated seawater and subsequent exposure to pipeline fluids with and without SRB spiking  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion (MIC) is a major threat to integrities of pipelines and storage tanks. Even though MIC during hydrotest itself may be limited due to lack of nutrients and a relatively short duration, biofilms left behind may flourish after a pipeline or storage tank is commissioned, resulting in failures due to MIC pinhole leaks over the long run. This work investigated MIC threats in simulated hydrotest with X65 coupons using untreated natural seawater and enriched artificial seawater spiked or not spiked with a laboratory strain of Sulfate Reducing Bacteria (SRB) for up to 90 days. The MIC threat after hydrotested pipes were subsequently exposed to pipeline fluids was also investigated by using simulated pipeline fluids containing a mixture of LVT-200 oil, natural seawater and CO2 or a mixture of LVT-200 oil, simulated formation water (65,000 ppm (w/w) NaCl, 22 mM SO 4 2 - ) and CO2. Tests were performed at 22 °C and 37 °C in anaerobic vials. The effectiveness of a 30 min slug of Tetrakis Hydroxymethyl Phosphonium Sulfate (THPS) treatment of the coupons right after hydrotest was also evaluated. MIC pitting was observed in simulated hydrotest using enriched artificial seawater spiked with SRB. MIC pitting was also observed on coupons exposed to simulated pipeline fluids after hydrotesting with SRB spiking using either natural seawater or enriched artificial seawater.

D. Xu; W. Huang; G. Ruschau; J. Hornemann; J. Wen; T. Gu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Evaluation of low-cycle fatigue crack growth and subsequent ductile fracture for cracked pipe experiments using cyclic J-integral  

SciTech Connect

Piping for LWR power plants is required to satisfy the Leak-Before-Break concept for postulated (not actual) defects. With this in mind, numerous research has so far been conducted on the fatigue crack growth under cyclic loading, and on the ductile crack growth under excessive loading. Study on cracked pipe fracture under cyclic loading gains much attention from the viewpoint of the Leak-Before-Break concept for seismic loading that accompanies large-scale yielding. An evaluation method based on cyclic J-integral was newly developed to predict the low-cycle fatigue crack growth and the subsequent ductile fracture for cyclic loading that accompanies large-scale yielding. Cyclic J-integral was introduced to describe the crack growth up to failure. The method was applied to 4-inch diameter circumferentially through-wall-cracked carbon steel base metal pipes and welded pipe joints subjected to cyclic 4-point bending at room temperature and high temperature of approximately 300 C. Fatigue crack growth behavior and failure life were successfully predicted by the proposed approach.

Miura, Naoki; Fujioka, Terutaka; Kashima, Koichi [CRIEPI, Tokyo (Japan); Miyazaki, Katsumasa; Kanno, Satoshi; Hayashi, Makoto; Ishiwata, Masayuki; Gotoh, Nobuho [Hitachi, Ltd., Ibaraki (Japan)

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

B To Identify Slag-Affected Sediment in Southern  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and boron isotopes could be used to identify and delineate slag-affected bed sediment in Lake Michigan for the protection of water and ecosystem resources in the Great Lakes motivated this study to determine if strontium collected offshore from three Lake Michigan cities (+11.7 to 12.7o/oo). Contoured isotope data indicated

151

Affect Transfer by Metaphor for an Intelligent Conversational Agent  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Affect Transfer by Metaphor for an Intelligent Conversational Agent Alan Wallington and Rodrigo with a number of `worked examples'. Alan Wallington School of Computer Science, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B152TT, e-mail: Alan. Wallington@dunelm.org.uk,A.M.Wallington@cs.bham.ac.uk Rodrigo Agerri School

Lee, Mark

152

Sex differences in affective and physiological responses to relationship orientations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. . . . . . . . ". . . . """ """" -""""" --""" ---" --" " Health Status Form. . Personal Attributes Questionnaire. . Goldberg's (1992) Five Factor Inventory. . Rosenberg's (1965) Self-Esteem Scale Self-Concept Affective Measure. . Manipulation Checks. . . . . , Physiological Measures. . Electromyographic.... . . . . APPENDIX 6 GOLDBERG'S (1992) FIVE FACTOR INVENTORY. . . . . . APPENDIX 7 MANIPULATION CHECK QUESTIONNAIRE. . . . . . . . . . . . VITA Page 34 . . . . 35 35 , . . . 35 35 37 37 37 43 . 43 . . . 43 . . . 44 47 . 51 51 . 53 55 . 64 65...

Hebl, Michelle Rae

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

153

How do variations in seasonality affect population Electronic Supplementary Material  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

How do variations in seasonality affect population cycles? Electronic Supplementary Material Rachel is the Holling Type II functional form which incorporates handling time of prey. The predators have a logistic the procedure in Taylor et al. (2012). The bifurcation diagrams were created using essentially standard

Sherratt, Jonathan A.

154

QuestionQuestion How does nitrogen deposition affect roadside  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

al. 2004. Concentrations of ammonia and nitrogen dioxide at roadside verges, and their contributionQuestionQuestion How does nitrogen deposition affect roadside plant community composition? 1. Is there a gradient of nitrogen deposition to freeway verges from traffic exhaust? 2. Are there other sources of N

Hall, Sharon J.

155

Resting state correlates of subdimensions of anxious affect  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Resting state fMRI may help identify markers of risk for affective disorder. Given the comorbidity of anxiety and depressive disorders and the heterogeneity of these disorders as defined by DSM, an important challenge is to identify alterations in resting ...

Janine Bijsterbosch; Stephen Smith; Sophie Forster; Oliver P. John; Sonia J. Bishop

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Collaborative Creativity: A Complex Systems Model with Distributed Affect  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Collaborative Creativity: A Complex Systems Model with Distributed Affect Cecilia R. Aragon E16 2RD UK alisonwilliams62@googlemail.com ABSTRACT The study of creativity has received significant attention over the past century, with a recent increase in interest in collaborative, distributed creativity

Anderson, Richard

157

Factors affecting Iran`s future. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This study examines the factors affecting Iran`s future by focusing on the demographic, economic, and military trends in Iran and their impact on the country`s national security objectives in the next decade. The paper also assesses the implications of an economic embargo on Iran and potential Iranian threats to regional and United States national interests.

Sinai, J.

1993-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

158

How Do Social Networks Affect Organizational Knowledge Utilization? David Dekker  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

How Do Social Networks Affect Organizational Knowledge Utilization? David Dekker University (cf. March, 1991). Organizational structures that coordinate this balance can be characterized-(0)24-361-1933 Email: d.dekker@nsm.kun.nl Key Words: Knowledge utilization, explorative and exploitative learning

Sadeh, Norman M.

159

Policy Issues Affecting Spatial Data Infrastructure Developments in the Netherlands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Policy Issues Affecting Spatial Data Infrastructure Developments in the Netherlands Professor Bas C of Technology, the Netherlands Bas_Kok@euronet.nl Bastiaan van Loenen, PhD candidate department of civil engineering and geo-sciences, geodetic engineering Delft University of Technology, the Netherlands b

Onsrud, Harlan J.

160

Analysis of energies of stationary bubbles at liquid pool surfaces and the subsequent droplet release due to bubble burst based on RESUS code calculations  

SciTech Connect

In case of a hypothetical nuclear reactor accident involving a failure of the primary system, a liquid coolant pool may frequently be formed, which may be contaminated by suspended or solved fuel particles and fission products. For many accident sequences, in which gas is injected into the liquid domain or bubbles are generated by means of heating, pressure transients or chemical reactions, the release of low volatile species from liquid surfaces into a gas atmosphere due to bubble burst is identified as a decisive release mechanism. Generally, resuspension of radioactive species is caused by droplets ejected from the pool surface into the atmosphere, either dominated by direct momentum exchange mechanisms between gas flow and liquid for high gas fluxes or by bursting of single bubbles in case of low gas fluxes. In the latter case, the release of droplets containing radionuclides is governed by two mechanisms, namely micro-droplet generation due to bubble film cap collapse and formation and subsequent disintegration of liquid jets producing so-called jet droplets. Jet and jet droplet formation is modeled in the code system RESUS.MOD2 which contains models for the growth of the bubble in the pool, its shape while resting at the liquid surface, and jet and jet-droplet generation after bubble cap rupture. Using the module BUBSHAPE (BUBbleSHAPE) of the RESUS code, the characteristic profile of a bubble resting at the liquid surface as well as the mechanical energies available for droplet formation and consequently droplet- and particle release can be determined. The governing resuspension energies are identified to be the surface energy, the energy stored in the gas within the bubble due to its excess pressure, and the potential energy due to the displacement of liquid.

Starflinger, J.; Koch, M.K.; Brockmeier, U.; Unger, H. [Ruhr Univ., Bochum (Germany). Dept. for Nuclear and New Energy Systems; Schuetz, W. [Inst. for Reactor Safety, Karlsruhe (Germany)

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoclusters affects subsequent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

TSPA Model Development and Sensitivity Analysis of Processes Affecting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

TSPA Model Development and Sensitivity Analysis of Processes TSPA Model Development and Sensitivity Analysis of Processes Affecting Performance of a Salt Repository for Disposal of Heat-Generating Nuclear Waste TSPA Model Development and Sensitivity Analysis of Processes Affecting Performance of a Salt Repository for Disposal of Heat-Generating Nuclear Waste The document describes the initial work on designing and developing requirements for a total system performance assessment (TSPA) model that can support preliminary safety assessments for a mined geologic repository for high-level waste (HLW) and spent nuclear fuel (SNF) in salt host rock at a generic site. A preliminary generic salt TSPA model for HLW/SNF disposal has been developed and tested for an isothermal repository in salt, for emplaced waste that is assumed to have no decay heat; for salt

162

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Genetic Factors Affecting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Affecting Susceptibility to Low-Dose Radiation Affecting Susceptibility to Low-Dose Radiation William F. Morgan Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Why This Project The short-term effects of high doses of ionizing radiation on cellular responses are relatively well understood. Less clear are the long-term consequences of exposure to low dose/low dose-rate radiation and the effects of radiation exposure on the progeny of surviving cells. If a cell survives radiation, it is generally thought to have repaired all the radiation-induced insults and be capable of a "normal healthy life". At a certain frequency, however, we have found that some cells surviving radiation grow normally, but will rearrange their genetic material during time in culture. We call this radiation-induced genomic instability. Many

163

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Genetic Factors Affecting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Genetic Factors Affecting Susceptibility to Low-Doses of Ionizing Genetic Factors Affecting Susceptibility to Low-Doses of Ionizing Radiation. Authors: William F. Morgan, Pat Concannon & John H.J. Petrini The goal of this program is to test the hypothesis that mice heterozygous for the NBS1 gene are genetically susceptible to low doses of ionizing radiation. Patients with Nijmegen Breakage Syndrome (NBS) are radiation sensitive, because of defects in cellular responses to radiation induced genetic damage. It is unclear whether humans heterozygous for the mutations associated with NBS are radiation sensitive and results from cell culture experiments give conflicting results. In collaboration with John Petrini at the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York City we developed a mouse model of this disorder and are directly testing the hypothesis

164

Survey of state water laws affecting coal slurry pipeline development  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes state water laws likely to affect the development of coal slurry pipelines. It was prepared as part of a project to analyze environmental issues related to energy transportation systems. Coal slurry pipelines have been proposed as a means to expand the existing transportation system to handle the increasing coal shipments that will be required in the future. The availability of water for use in coal slurry systems in the coal-producing states is an issue of major concern.

Rogozen, M.B.

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Leisure constraints which affect continued nonresident hunter participation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

thesis research. I am grateful for their time, patience, and good humor. I would like to thank McAllister Maxwell, William Cook, Sara Steen, and Kelly Strnadel for their help preparing survey mailouts, offering advice, and continued support. Jason... not significantly different in the constraints they felt affected their hunting participation. Both groups listed no time due to family or work commitments, high lease cost, and distance as their greatest constraints to hunting in Texas. No significant...

Cook, Kathrine Helen

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Cognition and affect in the development of sense of place  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, 1974a), both selfconscious and unselfconscious (Relph, 1976), and both cognitive and affective (Firey, 1945; Piaget and Weil, 1951). These definitions and charac- terizations are the beginning attempts at describing the processes by which sense... experience are greatly weakened in most contemporary cultures. The trend is toward an environment of few significant places--towards a placeless geography (Relph, 1976, 93, 117). As a result of this concern there is a trend to restore and encourage sense...

Engman, Dianne Lynn

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

167

Utility & Regulatory Factors Affecting Cogeneration & Independent Power Plant Design & Operation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UTILITY & REGULATORY FACTORS AFFECTiNG COGENERATION & INDEPENDENT POWER PLANT DESIGN & OPERATION Richard P. Felak General Electric Company Schenectady, New York ABSTRACT In specifying a cogeneration or independent power plant, the owner... should be especially aware of the influences which electric utilities and regulatory bodies will have on key parameters such as size, efficiency, design. reliability/ availabilitY, operating capabilities and modes, etc. This paper will note examples...

Felak, R. P.

168

Factors affecting color stability of vinegar pickled meat products  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

150 ppm nitrite and 600 ppm erythorbate. Visual color scores decreased (P& . 05) with increasing storage intervals. pH values were signifi- cantly (P &. 05) affected by color additive, vinegar strength, nitrite level, erythorbate level and storage... interval. Higher nitrite levels (150 ppm) and higher erythorbate levels (600 ppm) resulted in higher (P&. 05) pH values than did lower levels of these ingredients. With increased storage time, pH values increased and were significantly (p &. 05...

Ploch, Carol Ann

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Who is Exposed to Gas Prices? How Gasoline Prices Affect Automobile Manufacturers and Dealerships  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Who is Exposed to Gas Prices? How Gasoline Prices Affect Automobile Manufacturers and Dealerships Prices Affect Automobile Manufacturers and Dealerships Abstract Many consumers are keenly aware, by contrast, we investigate how gasoline prices affect the automobile industry: manufacturers and dealerships

Rothman, Daniel

170

Differential hemodynamic response in affective circuitry with aging: An fmri study of novelty, valence, and arousal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Emerging evidence indicates that stimulus novelty is affectively potent and reliably engages the amygdala and other portions of the affective workspace in the brain. Using fMRI, we examined whether novel stimuli remain affectively salient across the ...

Yoshiya Moriguchi; Alyson Negreira; Mariann Weierich; Rebecca Dautoff; Bradford C. Dickerson; Christopher I. Wright; Lisa Feldman Barrett

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Towards a Learning Companion that Recognizes Affect Ashish Kapoor, Selene Mota, Rosalind W. Picard  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

demand often involves failure and a host of associated affective responses. These affective responses can MIT Media Lab 20 Ames Street Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 {ash, atenea, picard responses. This article describes techniques and tools being developed to recognize affective states

172

Mapping musical intervals to affective qualities: A projective study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many claim that the various musical intervals used in Western music create identifiable affective impressions which musicians use for musical communication. Alain Danielou has proposed furthermore that these affective impressions form a space with a three?dimensional structure isomorphic to the natural three?dimensional structure of the intervals themselves (ratios composed of positive and negative powers of 2 3 and 5). To test this hypothesis 36 Marathi?speaking college students at Ahmednagar College Maharastra India were asked to imagine that each of 24 complex?tone melodicintervals was the “sound?name” of a person in some distant village. They were then given 36 bipolar adjective pairs and asked to rate the personality of the parson they imagined on five?point scales. (Previous studies have shown that subjects make affective judgments about sounds far more easily when imagining personalities than when rating the sounds themselves.) Results indicate that Indian students associate the main intervals used in Western music with separable personalities and that these personalities compare well with those Western listeners reported in a previous study. [Work supported by the American Institute of Indian Studies.

Scott Makeig

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Factors affecting public and political acceptance for the implementation of geological disposal  

SciTech Connect

The main objective of this paper is to identify conditions which affect public concern (either increase or decrease) and political acceptance for developing and implementing programmes for geologic disposal of long-lived radioactive waste. It also looks how citizens and relevant actors can be associated in the decision making process in such a way that their input is enriching the outcome towards a more socially robust and sustainable solution. Finally, it aims at learning from the interaction how to optimise risk management addressing needs and expectations of the public and of other relevant stakeholders. In order to meet these objectives, factors of relevance for societal acceptance conditions are identified, described and analysed. Subsequently these factors are looked for in the real world of nuclear waste management through cases in several countries. The analysis is conducted for six stages of a repository programme and implementation process, from policy development to the realisation of the repository itself. The diversity of characteristics of such contexts increases insight in the way society and values of reference are influencing technological decision making. These interrelated factors need to be integrated in step by step decision making processes as emerging the last years in HLW disposal management. In the conclusions, the effect of each factor on acceptance is derived from the empirical record. In the course of carrying out this analysis, it became clear that acceptance had a different meaning in the first three stages of the process, more generic and therefore mainly discussed at policy level and the other stages, by nature more site-specific, and therefore requesting both public and political acceptance. Experience as clearly addressed in this report has shown that a feasible solution has its technical dimension but that 'an acceptable solution' always will have a combined technical and social dimension. If the paper provides tentative answers to the central question how factors affect public and political acceptance, it also aims at illustrating the added value of broadening the technical dimension with social dialogue and insight in value judgements. (authors)

Neerdael, Bernard [International Atomic Energy Agency - IAEA, Wagramer Strasse 5, P.O. Box 100 - 1400 Vienna (Austria)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol consumption affect Sample Search...  

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consumption affect Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alcohol consumption affect Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Dublin City University...

175

E-Print Network 3.0 - affected sib-pair families Sample Search...  

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pairs into two diagnostic categories: "narrow" when both affected sibs had autism, and "broad... the distribution of affected ... Source: Ecole Polytechnique, Centre de...

176

E-Print Network 3.0 - arrangements affecting sex Sample Search...  

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David John Allsop Summary: 10 affected by many factors. These can be summarised into two broad categories. First, sex biased... 1967). Second, when environmental conditions affect...

177

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting lateral suboccipital Sample Search...  

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like corn, soybeans, alfalfa? Would Summary: 1 Crops Would the heat of an oil pipeline buried 4 feet underground affect ground or surface water... be affected? Response by...

178

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting species diversity Sample Search...  

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search results for: affecting species diversity Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Community Ecology & Species Assemblages Summary: affect species distributions Tropical regions - most...

179

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects plant growth Sample Search Results  

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of an oil pipeline buried 4 feet underground affect ground or surface water... be affected? Response by Professor Timothy Arkebauer - In most cropland situations in Nebraska...

180

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects leaf properties Sample Search Results  

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finishes expanding (Dale and Milthorpe 1983). The eventual size of the leaf is also affected... also been shown to significantly affect the ... Source: Moles, Angela - School of...

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181

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting plant growth Sample Search Results  

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of an oil pipeline buried 4 feet underground affect ground or surface water... be affected? Response by Professor Timothy Arkebauer - In most cropland situations in Nebraska...

182

E-Print Network 3.0 - addition affects leaf Sample Search Results  

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leaf rot. Eventually, entire plants will easily pull off the stolons. Roots are not affected... Turfgrasses Affected All warm-season turfgrasses, especially St. Augustinegrass...

183

E-Print Network 3.0 - affected offspring combining Sample Search...  

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of offspring environment. Thus, whether the parental phenotype will affect offspring development should also... , rather than being affected by environmental conditions experi-...

184

Can coyotes affect deer populations in Southeastern North America?  

SciTech Connect

ABSTRACT The coyote (Canis latrans) is a recent addition to the fauna of eastern North America, and in many areas coyote populations have been established for only a decade or two. Although coyotes are known predators of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) in their historic range, effects this new predator may have on eastern deer populations have received little attention. We speculated that in the southeastern United States, coyotes may be affecting deer recruitment, and we present 5 lines of evidence that suggest this possibility. First, the statewide deer population in South Carolina has declined coincident with the establishment and increase in the coyote population. Second, data sets from the Savannah River Site (SRS) in South Carolina indicate a new mortality source affecting the deer population concurrent with the increase in coyotes. Third, an index of deer recruitment at SRS declined during the period of increase in coyotes. Fourth, food habits data from SRS indicate that fawns are an important food item for coyotes during summer. Finally, recent research from Alabama documented significant coyote predation on fawns there. Although this evidence does not establish cause and effect between coyotes and observed declines in deer recruitment, we argue that additional research should proactively address this topic in the region. We identified several important questions on the nature of the deer–coyote relationship in the East.

Kilgo, J., C.; Ray, H., Scott; Ruth, Charles; Miller, Karl, V.

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Factors affecting the usage of intranet: A confirmatory study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The extent of intranet implementation and use within individual organizations has significant implications for organizational performance. Previous studies on technology adoption in the workplace suggest that acceptance behavior is influenced by a variety of antecedent factors including individual differences, social influences, beliefs, attitudes, and situational influences. This study reports on an investigation of extended TAM (Technology Acceptance Model) using external factors and subjective norm influencing usage of intranet within organizations. The external factors affecting the perceived ease of use, perceived usefulness, and usage of intranet include technical support, Web experience, task equivocality, and task interdependence. The subjective norm is the mediating variable and external variables indirectly affect usage of intranet indirectly through their effects on subjective norm. Based on a survey of 333 intranet users from 10 major Korean companies, this study uses a structural equation model to test the research model. The results indicate that usage of intranet is influenced by technical support, Web experience, task equivocality, and perceived ease of use. Technical support and Web experience influences the perceived ease of use. Technical support, task equivocality, and task interdependence have positive effects on the subjective norm. Usage of intranet which is a dependent variable in this model, is influenced by technical support, Web experience task interdependence, and perceived ease of use.

Sangjae Lee; Byung Gon Kim

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Microbial Carbon Cycling in Permafrost-Affected Soils  

SciTech Connect

The Arctic plays a key role in Earth s climate system as global warming is predicted to be most pronounced at high latitudes and because one third of the global carbon pool is stored in ecosystems of the northern latitudes. In order to improve our understanding of the present and future carbon dynamics in climate sensitive permafrost ecosystems, present studies concentrate on investigations of microbial controls of greenhouse gas fluxes, on the activity and structure of the involved microbial communities, and on their response to changing environmental conditions. Permafrost-affected soils can function as both a source and a sink for carbon dioxide and methane. Under anaerobic conditions, caused by flooding of the active layer and the effect of backwater above the permafrost table, the mineralization of organic matter can only be realized stepwise by specialized microorganisms. Important intermediates of the organic matter decomposition are hydrogen, carbon dioxide and acetate, which can be further reduced to methane by methanogenic archaea. Evolution of methane fluxes across the subsurface/atmosphere boundary will thereby strongly depend on the activity of anaerobic methanogenic archaea and obligately aerobic methane oxidizing proteobacteria, which are known to be abundant and to significantly reduce methane emissions in permafrost-affected soils. Therefore current studies on methane-cycling microorganisms are the object of particular attention in permafrost studies, because of their key role in the Arctic methane cycle and consequently of their significance for the global methane budget.

Vishnivetskaya, T. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Liebner, Susanne [University of Tromso, Norway; Wilhelm, Ronald [McGill University, Montreal, Quebec; Wagner, Dirk [Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Potsdam, Germany

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Income tax season is just around the corner and it is important for all parents of children living with diabetes to be familiar with the Disability Tax Credit (DTC) and subsequently, the Child  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with diabetes to be familiar with the Disability Tax Credit (DTC) and subsequently, the Child Disability Benefit (CDB). The Disability Tax Credit is a non-refundable tax credit that reduces the amount of income tax qualify for the Disability Tax Credit as they require a form of life sustaining therapy which may require

Morris, Joy

188

Factors affecting characterization of bulk high-temperature superconductors  

SciTech Connect

Three major factors affect the characterization of bulk high-temperature superconductors in terms of their levitation properties during interaction with permanent magnets. First, the appropriate parameter for the permanent magnet is internal magnetization, not the value of the magnetic field measured at the magnet`s surface. Second, although levitation force grows with superconductor thickness and surface area, for a given permanent magnet size, comparison of levitation force between samples is meaningful when minimum values are assigned to the superconductor size parameters. Finally, the effect of force creep must be considered when time-averaging the force measurements. In addition to levitational force, the coefficient of friction of a levitated rotating permanent magnet may be used to characterize the superconductor.

Hull, J.R. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Energy Technology Div.

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Study of parameters affecting enhanced coal bed methane  

SciTech Connect

Laboratory and field scale trials conducted so far indicate that injection of CO{sub 2} and N{sub 2} into deep coalbeds has the potential to enhance coalbed methane (ECBM) recovery while simultaneously sequestering CO{sub 2}. The work has identified that the fundamental processes involved in CO{sub 2} sequestration/CBM recovery in deep coalbeds are not fully understood and further research is needed to advance this technology. ECBM is affected by several parameters; prominent among them are coal characteristics, in-situ conditions prevailing in deep coalbeds, and changes arising from the interaction of coal with various fluids. These parameters do not act independently, thereby making it difficult to isolate their impacts separately. An attempt has been made in this article to classify these parameters and understand their role in ECBM. Past work in this area is reviewed and the future work that is critical for an improved understanding of ECBM recovery is discussed.

Katyal, S.; Valix, M.; Thambimuthu, K. [University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW (Australia). Dept. of Chemical Engineering

2007-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

190

Regulatory requirements affecting disposal of asbestos-containing waste  

SciTech Connect

Many U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) facilities are undergoing decontamination and decommissioning (D&D) activities. The performance of these activities may generate asbestos-containing waste because asbestos was formerly used in many building materials, including floor tile, sealants, plastics, cement pipe, cement sheets, insulating boards, and insulating cements. The regulatory requirements governing the disposal of these wastes depend on: (1) the percentage of asbestos in the waste and whether the waste is friable (easily crumbled or pulverized); (2) other physical and chemical characteristics of the waste; and (3) the State in which the waste is generated. This Information Brief provides an overview of the environment regulatory requirements affecting disposal of asbestos-containing waste. It does not address regulatory requirements applicable to worker protection promulgated under the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHAct), the Mining Safety and Health Act (MSHA), or the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA).

NONE

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Factors affecting expanded electricity trade in North America  

SciTech Connect

The authors explore factors that affect electricity trade between enterprises in the US and Canada and the US and Mexico. They look to those underlying policy and institutional factors that affect the relative costs of producing electricity in the three countries. In particular, they consider six factors that appear to have a significant impact on electricity trade in North America: differences in the types of economic regulation of power leading to differences in cost recovery for wholesale and retail power and wheeling charges; changing regulatory attitudes, placing more emphasis on demand-side management and environmental concerns; differences in energy and economic policies; differences in national and subnational environmental policies; changing organization of electric power industries which may foster uncertainty, change historical relationships, and provide other potentially important sources of power for distribution utilities; and differences in the ability of enterprises to gain access to electric power markets because of restrictions placed on transmission access. In Section 2, the authors discuss the regulation of electricity trade in North America and provide an overview of the recent trading experience for electricity between Canada and the US and between Mexico and the US, including the volume of that trade over the past decade and existing transmission capacity between regions of the three countries. In Section 3, they look at the benefits that accrue to trading counties and what those benefits are likely to be for the three countries. The discussion in Section 4 centers on the relevant provisions of the Canada Free Trade Agreement and the proposed North American Free Trade Agreement. In Section 5, they set the stage for the discussion of policy and institutional differences presented in Section 6 by outlining differences in the organization of the electric power sectors of Canada, the US, and Mexico. The study is synthesized in Section 7.

Hill, L.J.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

A fuzzy psycho-physiological approach to enable the understanding of an engineer’s affect status during CAD activities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Affective computing involves human–computer interaction (HCI) where an interface can detect and respond in context to a user’s emotions. Emotions play an essential role in the daily activities of a human during work and, as a consequence, can critically affect their decision-making. Recent research on affective computing opens the door to exploring the emotional aspects of computer aided tasks and HCI; however, there is little research in this area related to computer aided design (CAD). There is an established connection between emotional and cognitive processes and without these emotional markers decision-making in humans is almost non-existent. The holy grail of engineering design is for a concept to be ‘right-first-time’ and only by delving into the affect-cognitive domain will insights in terms of the associability of critical decision-making and the underlying intent of engineering decisions and tasks be better understood. Work in this field aims to recognize, interpret and process human emotions in order to support and adapt computer-based systems and their associated interfaces to user behaviors and to elicit appropriate system responses. This is a very contemporary area in engineering design research. One key aspect of provisioning CAD systems with the capability to detect the emotional state of the engineer is to lessen the chance of distorted reasoning as a result of irrational judgements. Work in this area can potentially identify emotional markers that influence the coherence/incoherence of reasoning against knowledge as well as the potential quality and suitability of a specific engineering solution or approach. This paper proposes and investigates a methodology to determine the emotional aspects attributed to a set of CAD design tasks by analyzing the CAD operators’ psycho-physiological signals. Two sets of experiments were conducted. A pilot case study focused on modeling tasks carried out in Solid Edge™ was run to prove the validity of the methodology, the tools applied and subsequent analysis. The main case study extended this to more wide-ranging user logging, incorporating a series of configuration and optimization tasks in Siemens NX™ for a real design task. Psycho-physiological signals of electroencephalography (EEG) and galvanic skin resistance (GSR)/electrocardiography (ECG) were recorded along with a log of CAD system user interactions. A fuzzy logic model was established to map the psycho-physiological signals to a set of key emotions, namely frustration, satisfaction, engagement and challenge and the results analyzed. The methodology and subsequent analysis applied was found to be repeatable. Over the various task action-chains the elicitation and interpretation of each participant’s emotions were successfully carried out with significant correlations demonstrated between the associated engineers’ CAD activities and their reported emotional states.

Y. Liu; J.M. Ritchie; T. Lim; Z. Kosmadoudi; A. Sivanathan; R.C.W. Sung

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Note: The content of this report is premised on industry interviews that were conducted prior to September 2011 and do not reflect discussions, initiatives, activities, or developments that are subsequently taking place within the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

how the standards affect or could affect utility operations in terms of grid reliability, security with the smart grid security work. NIST has a great opportunity to drive our security program. Smart Grid Metrics Smart Grid Research Activities Introduction This section of the report represents the work of SGFAC

194

Knowledge Elecitation for Factors Affecting Taskforce Productivity using a Questionnaire  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we present the process of Knowledge Elicitation through a structured questionnaire technique. This is an effort to depict a problem domain as Investigation of factors affecting taskforce productivity. The problem has to be solved using the expert system technology. This problem is the very first step how to acquire knowledge from the domain experts. Knowledge Elicitation is one of the difficult tasks in knowledge base formation which is a key component of expert system. The questionnaire was distributed among 105 different domain experts of Public and Private Organizations (i.e. Education Institutions, Industries and Research etc) in Pakistan. A total 61 responses from these experts were received. All the experts were well qualified, highly experienced and has been remained the members for selection committees a number of times for different posts. Facts acquired were analyzed from which knowledge was extracted and elicited. A standard shape was given to the questionnaire for further research as a knowledge learning tool. This tool may be used as a standard document for selection and promotion of employees.

Muhammad Sohail; Abdur Rashid Khan

2009-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

195

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect synaptic distribution Sample Search...  

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To understand how short-term plasticity affects how a pre- synaptic neuron influences the firing of its... in synaptic strength tend to cancel each other out. This affects the...

196

E-Print Network 3.0 - atp reduction affects Sample Search Results  

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affects Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: atp reduction affects Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Dynamic Sensitivity of ATP-sensitive K...

197

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect lactate disappearance Sample Search...  

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at Two Stages of Lactation Summary: higher in early than in late lactation, but LM infusion did not affect these variables. Regardless... not affected by infusion of LM and were...

198

Does parental age difference affect offspring count in humans? Comment on Fieder and Huber  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

2007 The Royal Society 23 February 2008 article-commentary Evolutionary biology Does parental age difference affect offspring count in...689-691. ( doi:10.1098/rsbl.2007.0324 ) Does parental age difference affect offspring count in...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Modeling and analysis of affective influences on human experience, prediction, decision making, and behavior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Subjective and affective elements are well-known to influence human decision making. This dissertation presents a theoretical and empirical framework on how human decision makers' subjective experience and affective ...

Ahn, Hyungil, 1976-

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting plasmid production Sample Search...  

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plus an insert in the MCS) affected bacterial fit- ness in a selective... in minimal media did not affect copy number in plasmids of any size tested, and (iii) any growth...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoclusters affects subsequent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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201

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects vegf distribution Sample Search...  

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Cells Affects VEGF Distribution and ... Source: Popel, Aleksander S. - Department of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University Collection: Engineering ; Biology and...

202

Affective Analgesia Following Muscarinic Activation of the Ventral Tegmental Area in Rats  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Affective Analgesia Following Muscarinic Activation of the Ventral Tegmental Area in Rats Robert G stimulation. Vocalization afterdischarges (VADs) are a validated model of the affective response of rats: Cholinergic activation of the brain reward circuit produced a preferential suppression of rats' affective

Borszcz, George S.

203

Do metallic ports in tissue expanders affect postmastectomy radiation delivery?  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Postmastectomy radiation therapy (PMRT) is often delivered to patients with permanent breast implants. On occasion, patients are irradiated with a tissue expander (TE) in place before their permanent implant exchange. Because of concern of potential under-dosing in these patients, we examined the dosimetric effects of the Magna-Site (Santa Barbara, CA) metallic port that is present in certain TEs. Methods and Materials: We performed ex vivo film dosimetry with single 6-MV and 15-MV photon beams on a water phantom containing a Magna-Site disc in two orientations. Additionally, using in vivo films, we measured the exit dose from 1 patient's TE-reconstructed breast during chest wall treatment with 15-MV tangent beams. Finally, we placed thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLDs) on 6 patients with TEs who received PMRT delivered with 15-MV tangent beams. Results: Phantom film dosimetry revealed decreased transmission in the region of the Magna-Site, particularly with the magnet in the parallel orientation (at 22 mm: 78% transmission with 6 MV, 84% transmission with 15 MV). The transmission measured by in vivo films during single beam treatment concurred with ex vivo results. TLD data showed acceptable variation in median dose to the skin (86-101% prescription dose). Conclusion: Because of potential dosimetric effects of the Magna-Site, it is preferable to treat PMRT patients with permanent implants. However, it is not unreasonable to treat with a TE because the volume of tissue affected by attenuation from the Magna-Site is small. In this scenario, we recommend using 15 MV photons with compensating bolus.

Damast, Shari [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Beal, Kathryn [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States)]. E-mail: bealk@mskcc.org; Ballangrud, Ase [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Losasso, Thomas J. [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Cordeiro, Peter G. [Department of Surgery, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Disa, Joseph J. [Department of Surgery, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Hong, Linda [Department of Radiation Oncology, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY (United States); McCormick, Beryl L. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States)

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Time series anomaly detection using recessive subsequence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Time series arise frequently in many sciences and engineering application, including finance, digital audio, motion capture, network security, and transportation. In this work, we propose a technique for discovering anomalies in time series that takes ...

Yonchanok Khaokaew; Sirikarn Pukkawanna

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

ALSNews Vol. 310  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

10 Print 10 Print In This Issue First Observation of Plasmarons in Graphene Site-Selective Ionization in Nanoclusters Affects Subsequent Fragmentation Call for General User Proposals and Beam Time Requests: Deadline July 15 Core Shell Spectroscopy Conference Ring Leaders: Deputy Director for Science Announcements: Next Science Café Fri 7/9, Join ALS Facebook, Guest House Special Who's in the News Operations Update UEC Corner News Links RingLeaders Ring Leaders Deputy Director for Science Bob Schoenlein ALS Deputy Director for Science Bob Schoenlein oversees all things science-related at the ALS. See how his work keeps ALS science research running. Read the Article announcements Announcements Science Café The next ALS Science Café will be held on Friday July 9 in Perseverance Hall. Come listen to researchers discuss their most recent work in energy and technology.

206

ALSNews Vol. 310  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

10 Print 10 Print In This Issue First Observation of Plasmarons in Graphene Site-Selective Ionization in Nanoclusters Affects Subsequent Fragmentation Call for General User Proposals and Beam Time Requests: Deadline July 15 Core Shell Spectroscopy Conference Ring Leaders: Deputy Director for Science Announcements: Next Science Café Fri 7/9, Join ALS Facebook, Guest House Special Who's in the News Operations Update UEC Corner News Links RingLeaders Ring Leaders Deputy Director for Science Bob Schoenlein ALS Deputy Director for Science Bob Schoenlein oversees all things science-related at the ALS. See how his work keeps ALS science research running. Read the Article announcements Announcements Science Café The next ALS Science Café will be held on Friday July 9 in Perseverance Hall. Come listen to researchers discuss their most recent work in energy and technology.

207

ALSNews Vol. 310  

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10 Print 10 Print In This Issue First Observation of Plasmarons in Graphene Site-Selective Ionization in Nanoclusters Affects Subsequent Fragmentation Call for General User Proposals and Beam Time Requests: Deadline July 15 Core Shell Spectroscopy Conference Ring Leaders: Deputy Director for Science Announcements: Next Science Café Fri 7/9, Join ALS Facebook, Guest House Special Who's in the News Operations Update UEC Corner News Links RingLeaders Ring Leaders Deputy Director for Science Bob Schoenlein ALS Deputy Director for Science Bob Schoenlein oversees all things science-related at the ALS. See how his work keeps ALS science research running. Read the Article announcements Announcements Science Café The next ALS Science Café will be held on Friday July 9 in Perseverance Hall. Come listen to researchers discuss their most recent work in energy and technology.

208

ALSNews Vol. 310  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

10 Print 10 Print In This Issue First Observation of Plasmarons in Graphene Site-Selective Ionization in Nanoclusters Affects Subsequent Fragmentation Call for General User Proposals and Beam Time Requests: Deadline July 15 Core Shell Spectroscopy Conference Ring Leaders: Deputy Director for Science Announcements: Next Science Café Fri 7/9, Join ALS Facebook, Guest House Special Who's in the News Operations Update UEC Corner News Links RingLeaders Ring Leaders Deputy Director for Science Bob Schoenlein ALS Deputy Director for Science Bob Schoenlein oversees all things science-related at the ALS. See how his work keeps ALS science research running. Read the Article announcements Announcements Science Café The next ALS Science Café will be held on Friday July 9 in Perseverance Hall. Come listen to researchers discuss their most recent work in energy and technology.

209

Quality Management and Job Quality: How the ISO 9001 Standard forQuality Management Systems Affects Employees and Employers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Job Quality: How the ISO 9001 Standard for Qualityhave examined how the ISO 9001 Quality Management Systemcompanies in California. ISO 9001 adopters subsequently had

Levine, David I.; Toffel, Michael W.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

THE EMPLOYEE'S GUIDE TO BENEFITS FOR THOSE AFFECTED BY REDUCTION IN FORCE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EMPLOYEE'S EMPLOYEE'S THE EMPLOYEE'S THE EMPLOYEE'S THE EMPLOYEE'S GUIDE TO BENEFITS GUIDE TO BENEFITS GUIDE TO BENEFITS GUIDE TO BENEFITS FOR THOSE FOR THOSE FOR THOSE FOR THOSE AFFECTED BY AFFECTED BY AFFECTED BY AFFECTED BY REDUCTION IN REDUCTION IN REDUCTION IN REDUCTION IN FORCE FORCE FORCE FORCE U.S. OFFICE OF U.S. OFFICE OF U.S. OFFICE OF U.S. OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT WORKFORCE WORKFORCE WORKFORCE WORKFORCE RESTRUCTURING OFFICE RESTRUCTURING OFFICE RESTRUCTURING OFFICE RESTRUCTURING OFFICE OCTOBER 1999 (Revised) _________________________________________________________________________________________________ OPM Workforce Restructuring Office Employee's Guide to Separation Benefits (RIF) 2 The Office of Personnel Management (OPM) created the Workforce

211

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect narrative processes Sample Search...  

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that narrative delivery affects people's perception and relationships. Beginning... the exploration. Interactive Process The following shows how the system begins the...

212

E-Print Network 3.0 - atrazine exposure affects Sample Search...  

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Ecological Applications Vol. 18, No. 7 12;exposure affected the susceptibility of green frog tadpoles to E... loads are a product of both exposure and susceptibility, and...

213

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect employment duration Sample Search...  

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Collection: Environmental Sciences and Ecology ; Engineering 71 A Quantitative Study of User Satisfaction in Online Video Streaming Summary: affect session duration are regarded as...

214

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting natural gas Sample Search Results  

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natural gas Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: affecting natural gas Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 International Conference on Gas...

215

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting fish passage Sample Search Results  

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fish passage Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: affecting fish passage Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 NOAA Restoration Center supports...

216

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect cement penetration Sample Search...  

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Summary: of carbonation of cement-based products. The process of carbonation and the rate of carbonation penetration... were very important factors that affect rate of...

217

High temperature affects olive fruit fly populations in California’s Central Valley  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High temperature affects olive fruit fly populations inand Kent M. Daane Olive fruit fly commonly infests olives inthat trap counts for olive fruit fly adults in pesticide­

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects courtship gene Sample Search Results  

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Collection: Environmental Sciences and Ecology 3 Experience improves courtship in male fruit flies REUVEN DUKAS Summary: , experience affected the courtship behaviour of male...

219

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects cognitive performance Sample Search...  

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cognitive performance Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: affects cognitive performance Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Ritter, F. E.,...

220

Key Parameters Affecting DPF Performance Degradation and Impact on Lifetime Fuel Economy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Summarizes latest findings on impact of specific parameters affecting ash-related diesel particulate filter performance degradation and information useful to enhance performance and extend service life

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoclusters affects subsequent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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221

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect oxidative stability Sample Search...  

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stability. In particular, oxide non... in titania and thereby affect the performance of solar cell devices utilizing such ... Source: Kaxiras, Efthimios - School of Engineering and...

222

E-Print Network 3.0 - adversely affects oral Sample Search Results  

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affects the egg distribution pattern in a polyembryonic... .. 12;Oral presentations and posters: 2000: - International Behavioral Ecology Congress (ISBE), Zrich... , CH...

223

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting calcium translocation Sample...  

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of strontium for calcium. This was only slightly affected by the concentration of the CaCl2-solution used... occurred indicating discrimination between strontium and calcium...

224

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect periparturient behaviour Sample...  

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risk interact to affect the levels of individual antipredatory ... Source: Keogh, Scott - School of Botany and Zoology, Australian National University Collection:...

225

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting nuclear waste Sample Search Results  

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Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: affecting nuclear waste Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Nuclear Waste Assessment System for Technical...

226

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting nuclear import Sample Search...  

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Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: affecting nuclear import Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Institute for Critical Technology and Applied...

227

Los Alamos using NIH grant to study how social behaviors affect...  

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Can social media messaging impact epidemics? Los Alamos using NIH grant to study how social behaviors affect spread of disease Connecting social media and epidemiological research...

228

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting lilium crops Sample Search Results  

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production Summary: affect the quality of energy crops, and so do not need to be treated. Recycling wastewater and other... ways to increase biomass production from energy crops...

229

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects durably bonding Sample Search Results  

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adhesive layers are less affected, creep behavior of adhesively bonded joints... ABSTRACT SMITH, GLEN. Bond Characteristics and Qualifications of Adhesives for ... Source:...

230

FCV Learning Demonstration: First-Generation Vehicle Results and Factors Affecting Fuel Cell Degradation (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Presentaion on the FCV Learning Demonstration and factors affecting fuel cell degradation given at the Fuel Cell Seminar on October 17, 2007 in San Antonio, TX.

Wipke, K.; Sprik, S.; Kurtz, J.; Thomas, H.; Garbak, J.

2007-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

231

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects detection rate Sample Search Results  

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AND OCEANIC SCIENCE The Effect ENSO Has on Lightning Summary: and relationships between lightning flash rates and convective meteorology and how climate change may affect......

232

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect achievement mediated Sample Search...  

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and agents affect performance, how the load of tasks arriving at one ... Source: Massachusetts at Amherst, University of - Department of Computer Science, Multi-Agent Systems...

233

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting clean coal Sample Search Results  

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; Environmental Management and Restoration Technologies 24 Impact of coal quality and gasifier technology on IGCC performance Summary: was little affected by coal type. The slurry...

234

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect saprophagous diptera Sample Search...  

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beetles (Coleoptera) in Carpathian oak forests Summary: ). The negative effects of forest management, especially the effects of conifer introductions, affected saprophage......

235

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect postoperative quality Sample Search...  

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a consequence of surgery or a mechanism to enhance the intelligibility? Summary: F1 is also affected by the post-operative formant changes, these changes must, with...

236

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect political support Sample Search...  

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political support Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: affect political support Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 380 SDSU General Catalog...

237

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect contraction-stimulated glucose Sample...  

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Summary: ), this high concentration of glucose has the potential to affect protein folding in the ER. Finally, given... Unable To Convert Glucose to Glucose-6-Phosphate...

238

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects host cell Sample Search Results  

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the evolution... - nomically-related hosts can affect, to some extent, the ... Source: Poulin, Robert - Department of Zoology, University of Otago Collection: Biology and Medicine...

239

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting metal concentration Sample Search...  

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Surface Precipitation of Hydrolyzable Metal Ions on Oxide Surfaces S. E. Fendorf Heavy metal... retention on solid surfaces is a primary determinant in affecting the environmental...

240

E-Print Network 3.0 - affective disorder life Sample Search Results  

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Biology and Medicine 13 Influence of Sequence Changes and Environment on Intrinsically Disordered Proteins Summary: structural changes affecting the existence, position or...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoclusters affects subsequent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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241

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect insulin sensitivity Sample Search...  

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nm. The temperature sensitivity... -nanoparticles was compared with insulin changing the particle size would affect the protein alone as a control (0.1% insulin... in the system...

242

E-Print Network 3.0 - atrophy affecting individuals Sample Search...  

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Sample search results for: atrophy affecting individuals Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Brain . Author manuscript Posterior cingulate hypometabolism in early Alzheimers disease:...

243

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects mibg retention Sample Search Results  

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constipation, functional fecal retention, and non-retentive fecal soiling. A... time. Boys and girls are equally affected. 12;Infant Dyschezia Dyschezia ... Source: Louisiana...

244

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting recruitment dynamics Sample Search...  

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search results for: affecting recruitment dynamics Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Climate change effects on rangeland resources Summary: Moffet USDA-ARS 12;Population dynamics...

245

How the pitch of a holey optical fiber affects its lightguide properties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper discusses how scaling (increasing) the transverse dimensions of a holey optical quartz fiber affects its lightguide properties. It is established that a limiting pitch...

Dukel'skii, K V; Kondrat'ev, Yu N; Komarov, A V; Ter-Nersesyants, E V; Khokhlov, A V; Shevandin, V S

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects life history Sample Search Results  

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41 Animal personalities and the divergence of life histories Summary: how life- history decisions that have already been made affect the costs and benefits of deci- sions......

247

E-Print Network 3.0 - affected children independent Sample Search...  

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Families and Children is an independent, non- partisan 501(c)(3) non... attachment theory and research to inform decisions affecting the placements of ... Source: McQuade,...

248

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects foraging behavior Sample Search...  

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for consumers of multiple resources Summary: ). Food chemistry may also affect foraging decisions through its influence on resource allocation... little attention in optimal...

249

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects bone parameters Sample Search Results  

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of bone quality will ultimately affect physical and morpho- logic parameters... fracture rates are most closely associated with ... Source: Rubin, Clinton T.- Department of...

250

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting cardiac fibrosis Sample Search...  

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affecting cardiac fibrosis Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Reversible cardiac fibrosis and heart failure induced by conditional expression of an antisense mRNA of the...

251

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect water relations Sample Search Results  

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corrosive water affects the entire household plumbing system... on water testing and treatment and issues ... Source: Liskiewicz, Maciej - Institut fr Theoretische Informatik,...

252

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects water relations Sample Search Results  

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corrosive water affects the entire household plumbing system... on water testing and treatment and issues ... Source: Liskiewicz, Maciej - Institut fr Theoretische Informatik,...

253

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect glucose disposal Sample Search Results  

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glucoseinsulin regulatory system and ultradian Summary: the changes of the glucose infusion rate affect the sustained oscillations. Fig. 11 demonstrates... Journal of...

254

E-Print Network 3.0 - adversely affect development Sample Search...  

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conditions. The U.S. alone is operating several hun- dred spacecraft today. Space weather can adversely... affect satellite operations, commu- nications, space-based and...

255

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting seed yield Sample Search Results  

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and size distribution. Seed... for scab, sanitation is the best defense, storage of potato seed tubers before and after cutting can affect... plant ... Source: Liskiewicz,...

256

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect thermal dissipation Sample Search...  

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10 In the design of high-performance computer systems, power and temperature Summary: and remote routers affects that router's temperature. Because each router's power and thermal...

257

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects protein synthesis Sample Search...  

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Molecular Biology, Uppsala University, Sweden Summary: , inhibit ribosome assisted protein folding (in vitro), but do not affect protein 12;synthesis... the role of the ribosome...

258

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting protein folding Sample Search...  

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protein folding Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: affecting protein folding Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Current status of membrane...

259

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect microtubule dynamics Sample Search...  

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polymeric filaments that provide architectural support and also participate Summary: are interrelated, such that the dynamics of one type of filament can affect the dynam- ics of...

260

An adult accelerated degree program| Student and instructor perspectives and factors that affect retention.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This was a blended qualitative and quantitative study, which investigated adult student and instructor perspectives, motivators, factors and life events that have affected adult… (more)

Manjounes, Cindy K.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoclusters affects subsequent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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261

E-Print Network 3.0 - affective function review Sample Search...  

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of interest that are relevant to the functions to be performed in the course of the peer review... as affecting your judgment in matters within the assigned ... Source:...

262

Seeing the Invisible: Educating the Public on Planetary Magnetic Fields and How they Affect Atmospheres  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Seeing the Invisible: Educating the Public on Planetary Magnetic Fields and How they Affect to visualize ­ invisible · But planetary magnetic field and charged particle environments (magnetospheres

Fillingim, Matthew

263

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects short-term recovery Sample Search...  

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Obviously if the outdated node crashes the recovery process ends... , and how it is affected by the linear recovery interaction. The following section is devoted... present...

264

E-Print Network 3.0 - arctic populations affects Sample Search...  

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prohibit, commercial fishing for Arctic fish and to ensure subsistence fishing is not affected... and uncertain population dynamics and abundance. Under the ... Source: NOAA Marine...

265

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting bacterial community Sample Search...  

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Summary: of soil bacteria and documenting how soil bacterial communities are affected by specific environmental... The diversity and biogeography of soil bacterial...

266

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects regional precipitation Sample Search...  

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Summary: of precipitation trends over the two regions, as they are also directly affected by the South Asian monsoon... Regional summer precipitation events in Asia and their...

267

E-Print Network 3.0 - abiotic factors affecting Sample Search...  

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biota (i.e. Structural change causes abiotic change; see above). In the first... is affected solely by the abiotic ... Source: Byers, James "Jeb" - School of Ecology, University...

268

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect calcium handling Sample Search Results  

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of Health, Safety and Environment Summary: ) Irrigate with water. b) Submerge affected finger(s) in the 23% calcium gluconate solution. c) Add ice... and then apply calcium...

269

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects leaf nutrition Sample Search Results  

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). Trichoplusia ni Preference for Nicotiana tabacum. Leaf position signicantly affected T. ni consumption (F 4... and de- velopmental rates, is new. C. scripta feeding was...

270

E-Print Network 3.0 - affected zones exposed Sample Search Results  

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shore zone. Especially if water levels fluctuate... ). Shore zone animals also are affected by the ... Source: Strayer, David L. - Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies...

271

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect headwater stream Sample Search Results  

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than... . Relative to larger streams and rivers that are fed by upstream networks and affected by cumulative upstream... by headwater streams, ... Source: Lowe, Winsor H. -...

272

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects stomatal conductance Sample Search...  

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total daily water use, estimates of mean daily stomatal conductance were not affected... on a leaf varies constantly, the rate of change in ... Source: Teskey, Robert O. -...

273

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting eggshell quality Sample Search...  

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Captive American kestrels (Falco sparverius) were bred for one... . EMF exposure affected reproductive success of kestrels, increasing fertility, egg size, embryonic Source:...

274

E-Print Network 3.0 - agricultural practices affecting Sample...  

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area. Agricultural... ? 12;Huge amount of area > of earth's terrestrial surface affected by agriculture 13 agriculture... Integrating Conservation and Agriculture Stacy...

275

E-Print Network 3.0 - affective lability scale Sample Search...  

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to the author for internal non-commercial research Summary: not significantly affected by warming. For all measured pools, only labile and microbial biomass C fractions...

276

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects microbial activity Sample Search...  

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products and affect bacteria composition ... Source: Jawitz, James W. - Soil and Water Science Department, University of Florida Collection: Environmental Sciences and...

277

E-Print Network 3.0 - affected granular soils Sample Search Results  

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platy, prismlike, and blocklike (see Figure 3... ). Soil structure affects soil water movement when a soil is saturated with water. Water can move quickly... between...

278

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect ecosystem metabolism Sample Search...  

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America Summary: . Stoichiometry of the net ecosystem metabolism in a coastal inlet affected by upwelling. The Ria de Arousa (NW... act as resource subsidies to many...

279

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect aggregate turnover Sample Search...  

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of GRSP research has focused on its relationship with aggregate water stability... ecosystem warming positively affects arbuscular mycor- rhizae but ... Source: Rilli, Matthias...

280

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting phytoplankton growth Sample Search...  

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on the growth of brackish water phytoplankton but that different algal groups may be affected... underwater light intensity of the freshwater tidal reaches, growth of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoclusters affects subsequent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

AFFECT Notice of Intent June 27, 2013 CO and Legal Comments July 3, 2013  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Document details the Assisting Federal Facilities with Energy Conservation Technologies (AFFECT) Notice of Intent on June 27, 2013 and the legal comments on July 3, 2013.

282

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting soil erosion Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Collection: Mathematics 2 Soil Quality Information Sheet Rangeland Soil Quality--Water Erosion Summary: and in roadbeds. Many vegetation and soil properties affect the risk...

283

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting female fertility Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in the behavior and Summary: Abstract I will determine how female breeding coloration (FBC) affects mate choice by male long... and fertilization take place during ovulation...

284

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect oviposition preference Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

c-album Correspondence... it is clear that plant availability does affect host and patch preference on larger spatial scales (Thomas... ' willingness to oviposit on a plant...

285

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects browning susceptibility Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Multidisciplinary Databases and Resources 4 Turfgrass Disease Profiles Brown Patch Summary: with brown margins occur on all affected grass species but are most evident...

286

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects understorey plant Sample Search...  

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vascular plant diversity... of mea- surement) at a fine scale (representing a patch or neighbour- hood scale for understorey plants... allowed to affect light...

287

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting sensory attributes Sample Search...  

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on Summary: of sensory stimuli available from prey strongly affected patch residence time, with spiders using primarily... that shows sensory cues from prey...

288

E-Print Network 3.0 - affective symptoms Sample Search Results  

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Advanced Search Sample search results for: affective symptoms Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 HEALTH CARE UTILIZATION Recognition and Interpretation Summary: and retrospectively...

289

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect radiation response Sample Search...  

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12;Radiative Forcings: Shortwave Forcings... What about gases that affect the greenhouse effect? Radiative forcing for greenhouse gases: Instantly... ;Radiative Forcings In ......

290

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting carbon tetrachloride Sample Search...  

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Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: affecting carbon tetrachloride Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Glossary of Volatile Organic Compounds...

291

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects pre-mrna splicing Sample Search...  

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nonsense: exonic mutations that affect splicing. Nat Rev Genet 3:285-298. 14. Fairbrother WG, Yeh... Alternative splicing: current perspectives Eddo Kim, Amir Goren, and...

292

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect cell growth Sample Search Results  

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, and differentiation of individual cells in order to identify elements of cell history and ancestry that affect... whereby some cells sporulate whereas others utilize...

293

E-Print Network 3.0 - anatomic variables affecting Sample Search...  

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Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: anatomic variables affecting Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Journal of Mathematical Imaging and Vision, ??, 117 (????) c...

294

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect fatty acid Sample Search Results  

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Biochemistry 221: 127132, 2001. 2001 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. Summary: -binding protein cDNA does not affect fatty acid uptake but disturbs...

295

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects arbovirus infection Sample Search...  

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were... -borne zoono- sis; it affects ruminants and is characterized by high rates of abortion and death in young... , RVFV reached the Arabian Peninsula (1). Animals are...

296

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting health-related quality Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

that affect quality of life and influence healthy (and unhealthy... .e. Walkability, bicycle-friendly) Assessing factors that position communities as health-related...

297

How Photosynthesis in Laminaria digitata and Saccharina latissima is Affected by Water Temperature.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The aim of this thesis is to give insight into how a short term exposure to higher water temperatures affect photosynthesis in two of… (more)

Aamot, Inga Arnesen

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect bleaching efficiency Sample Search...  

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Geosciences 2 MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES Mar Ecol Prog Ser Summary: in temperature, light, sedimentation, and current speed might have affected bleaching dif- ferently across...

299

Formation of single-phase BaO nanoclusters. | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Instruments: Variable Temperature Scanning Probe Microscope Tags: ultra-high vacuum UHV VT SPM atomic-resolution imaging Volume: 519 Issue: 16 Pages: 5335-5338 Publication...

300

Growth and characterization of barium oxide nanoclusters on YSZ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

that the BaO grows as clusters on YSZ(111). During and following the growth under UHV conditions, BaO remains in single phase. When exposed to ambient conditions, the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoclusters affects subsequent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Unusual Structure and Magnetism in MnO Nanoclusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report an unusual evolution of structure and magnetism in stoichiometric MnO clusters based on an extensive and unbiased search through the potential energy surface within density functional theory. The smaller clusters, containing up to five MnO units, adopt two-dimensional structures; and regardless of the size of the cluster, magnetic coupling is found to be antiferromagnetic in contrast to previous theoretical findings. Predicted structure and magnetism are strikingly different from the magnetic core of Mn-based molecular magnets, whereas they were previously argued to be similar. Both of these features are explained through the inherent electronic structures of the clusters.

Ganguly, Shreemoyee; Sanyal, Biplab; Mookerjee, Abhijit; 10.1103/PhysRevB.83.020411

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Unusual structure and magnetism in manganese oxide nanoclusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report an unusual evolution of structure and magnetism in stoichiometric MnO clusters based on an extensive and unbiased search through the potential-energy surface within density functional theory. The smaller clusters, ...

Ganguly, Shreemoyee

303

Pt NANOCLUSTERS ON CARBON NANOMATERIALS FOR HYDROGEN FUEL CELLS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The detailed study of carbon nanomaterials constitution with allowance for of reduction conversions Pt (II, IV) allows to realize directional looking up of methods of preparation of platinum catalysts for redo...

N.S. KUYUNKO; S.D. KUSHCH; V.E. MURADYAN…

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Ferromagnetic Semiconductor Nanoclusters: Co-doped Cu2O. | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

D Meyer DE McCready MH Engelhard Capabilities: Spectroscopy and Diffraction NMR and EPR Facility: Radiochemistry Annex Science Theme: Energy Materials & Processes Biosystem...

305

http://www.jstor.org Chemical Ions Affect Survival of Avian Cholera Organisms in Pondwater  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

http://www.jstor.org Chemical Ions Affect Survival of Avian Cholera Organisms in Pondwater Author their work and the materials they rely upon, and to build a common research platform that promotes whether chemical ions affected survival of avian choleraorganismsin water collected from the Nebraska

Yandell, Brian S.

306

Does the infrasound from wind turbines affect the inner ear? Alec N. Salt1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Does the infrasound from wind turbines affect the inner ear? Alec N. Salt1 1 Washington University turbines adversely affects human health. The unweighted spectrum of wind turbine noise slowly rises (needing over 120 dB SPL to detect 2 Hz) it is claimed that infrasound generated by wind turbines is below

Salt, Alec N.

307

Larval memory affects adult nest-mate recognition in the ant Aphaenogaster senilis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...nervous system shares many fundamental similarities with that...parent and adoptive) does not affect the degree...recognition, which is fundamental to maintain cooperation...preimaginal learning does not affect the adoptees...development. In The Handbook of developmental psychology...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

A study of effect affecting to energy in drying processby failure modes and effect analysis (FMEA)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The objective of this research was to study the effect affecting energy in drying process for decreasing humidity. The residual humidity in Para wood affects to expand or shrink when they are fabricated or assembled in window or door frame wood. Finally, ... Keywords: drying process, factorial design, failure modes and effect analysis (FMEA)

Vanchai Laemlaksakul

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Inter-electrode tissue resistance is not affected by tissue edema when electrically  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Inter-electrode tissue resistance is not affected by tissue edema when electrically stimulating-electrode resistance and thus require a different approach to using non-invasive electrical stimulation of nerves region. These fluid accumulations affect segmental and total body resistance [6, 7]. Electrical therapy

Durfee, William K.

310

Development of frontal electroencephalogram (EEG) and heart rate (ECG) responses to affective musical stimuli  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Development of frontal electroencephalogram (EEG) and heart rate (ECG) responses to affective) and heart rate (ECG) responses to affective musical stimuli during the first 12 months of post-natal life at which time regional EEG and ECG responses were continuously recorded during a baseline condition

Trainor, Laurel J.

311

FACTORS AFFECTING MACROPHYTE AND FISH DISTRIBUTION IN COASTAL WETLANDS OF GEORGIAN BAY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FACTORS AFFECTING MACROPHYTE AND FISH DISTRIBUTION IN COASTAL WETLANDS OF GEORGIAN BAY #12;FACTORS AFFECTING MACROPHYTE AND FISH DISTRIBUTION IN COASTAL WETLANDS OF GEORGIAN BAY By MAJA CVETKOVIC, B and fish distribution in coastal wetlands of Georgian Bay AUTHOR: Maja Cvetkovic, B.Sc. (Mc

McMaster University

312

AFFECTED DOCUMENT  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

rr-osams rr-osams ADMIN RCD _ RESPONSE TRACKING INFORMATION I 'OWED BY: (ORG) I TARGET DATE { I CLOSING CCN COMPL. DATE { CLOSING REF I I lOWED BY: (ORG) { { I { { TARGET DATE I CLOSING CCN COMPL DATE CLOSING REF TECHNICAL SERVICES DIVISION (TSD) BACKFIT (Documents dated prior to 1 November 1988) FUSRAP COMMUNICATIONS DISTRIBUTION DOEIORO TECHNICAL SERVICES DIVISION (CE·53) BECHTEL NATIONAL, INC. -JOB 14501 _-....Iome....:.-R..%.JI&~S::....:::S.::...- TO_---.,!5~Z~IJ~u..~ COMM DATE &6 tlJ t.e ADDR CODE I I I I CLOSES CCN WBS _....:,;},=(J ........ 2._--- _ NUMBER ST SUBJECT CODE 70()O DOE FILE NO. _ SUBJECT NFs S RESIDIJAl.J OIJR;T 1tJ/UL t2U /DffG-./NE.5 ~..:ll..Jll~~l...3Io.,;~..:ll..Jll~~Io....JIo,.;~~~~Io....JIo,.;~~~~Io....JIo,.;:Io....1.~~~"""";:Io....1.~CCN _

313

Kenya-Affecting Electricity Policy through a Community Micro Hydro Project  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Affecting Electricity Policy through a Community Micro Hydro Project Affecting Electricity Policy through a Community Micro Hydro Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-Affecting Electricity Policy through a Community Micro Hydro Project Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Development Programme Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Hydro Topics Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis, Technology characterizations Resource Type Publications Website http://sgp.undp.org/download/S Country Kenya UN Region Eastern Africa References Kenya Micro Hydro [1] Kenya-Affecting Electricity Policy through a Community Micro Hydro Project Screenshot Background "This project sought to remove the policy, technical and institutional barriers that limited the development and use of renewable energy sources

314

Supercomputing and Energy in China: How Investment in HPC Affects Oil Security  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in HPC Affects Oil Security Jordan WILSON Researcher, StudyChina’s energy security challenge briefly, an oil deficit ofOil Weapon: Myth of China’s Vulnerability,” China Security,

WILSON, Jordan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

MINIMIZING THE BONDLINE THERMAL RESISTANCE IN THERMAL INTERFACE MATERIALS WITHOUT AFFECTING RELIABILITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MINIMIZING THE BONDLINE THERMAL RESISTANCE IN THERMAL INTERFACE MATERIALS WITHOUT AFFECTING microstructure, and bondline thermal resistance with the tradeoffs between material systems, manufacturability of devices to heat sinks using existing commercial thermal interface materials (TIMs). The present study

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

316

Factors Affecting the Fragmentation of Peptide Ions: Metal Cationization and Fragmentation Timescale  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The factors affecting peptide fragmentation have been extensively studied in the literature in order to better predict the fragment ion spectra of peptides and proteins. While there are countless influences to consider, metal cation binding...

Kmiec, Kevin

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

317

How Sales Taxes Affect Customer and Firm Behavior: The Role of Search on the Internet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When a multichannel retailer opens its first retail store in a state, the firm is obligated to collect sales taxes on all Internet and catalog orders shipped to that state. This article assesses how opening a store affects ...

Anderson, Eric T.

318

Project Summary This project is to investigate how hypoxia affects the production of specific types of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Project Summary This project is to investigate how hypoxia affects the production of specific and established procedures in the GrandeAllen lab. The figure below outlines the experimental setup

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

319

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects cotton plant Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

cotton plant Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: affects cotton plant Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Course Description Form Department or...

320

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects fruit set Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

fruit set Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: affects fruit set Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Oecologia (Berlin) (1987) 74:203-208...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoclusters affects subsequent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Heart rate variability and respiratory sinus arrhythmia assessment of affective states by bivariate autoregressive spectral analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The study of emotions elicited by human-computer interactions is a promising field that could lead to the identification of specific patterns of affective states. We present a heart rate variability (HRV) assessment of the ...

Magagnin, Valentina

322

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects motor coordination Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Volume 18 2 The enzymatic properties of molecular motors are affected by any applied load... such as kinesin are coordinated, so that they remain out of sync', in order to...

323

Fast hydrogen exchange affects 15N relaxation measurements in intrinsically disordered proteins  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Unprotected amide protons can undergo fast hydrogen exchange (HX) with protons from the solvent. Generally, NMR experiments using the out-and-back coherence transfer with amide proton detection are affected by...

Seho Kim; Kuen-Phon Wu; Jean Baum

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Factors Affecting Carbohydrate Production and the Formation of Transparent Exopolymer Particles (TEP) by Diatoms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Diatoms exude large amounts of exopolymers (EPS), which are predominantly composed of carbohydrates. EPS may coagulate into transparent exopolymer particles (TEP). Sticky TEP affects the formation of aggregates and marine snow, and consequently...

Chen, Jie

2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

325

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects brain activity Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

brain activity Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: affects brain activity Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Public release date: 5-Feb-2008 ...

326

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect health-related quality-of-life Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

health-related quality-of-life Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: affect health-related quality-of-life Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1...

327

How El Nino affects energy consumption: a study at national and regional levels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for home heating purposes. Hydroelectricity may also be affected by ENSO in the southeastern US but the results at this time are inconclusive. At the national level, ENSO influences the consumption of nuclear electricity....

Collins, Kathleen Jo

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

328

Radon levels and doses in dwellings in two villages in Kosovo, affected by depleted uranium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Kosovo, affected by depleted uranium G. Nafezi 1 A. Gregoric...the study was hit by depleted uranium projectiles during...M. , Haldimann M. Depleted uranium in Kosovo: an assessment...exposure for aid workers. Health Phys. (2002) 82......

G. Nafezi; A. Gregoric; J. Vaupotic; M. Bahtijari; M. Kuqali

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Radon levels and doses in dwellings in two villages in Kosovo, affected by depleted uranium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......villages in Kosovo, affected by depleted uranium G. Nafezi 1 A. Gregoric 2...included in the study was hit by depleted uranium projectiles during the North...1999. Although no impact of depleted uranium on radon levels has been observed......

G. Nafezi; A. Gregoric; J. Vaupotic; M. Bahtijari; M. Kuqali

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects odontoblast gene Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Summary: mice expression of the other non-targeted Runx genes is not affected (Stricker et al., 2002; Yamashiro... in these epithelia is regulated by TGF-b is an interesting...

331

9.68 Affect: Biological, Psychological, and Social Aspects of "Feelings'', Spring 2002  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Affect is to cognition and behavior as feeling is to thinking and acting or as values are to beliefs and practices. Subject considers these relations, both at the psychological level of organization and in terms of their ...

Chorover, Stephan L.

332

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects starch accumulation Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

starch Summary: the rate of starch synthesis and affects the composition of starch in potato tubers (Geigenber- ger et al... al. 1988) can accumulate as much as 15% of the normal...

333

E-Print Network 3.0 - artificial geyser affecting Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

at http:www.idealibrary.com on Summary: that local meteorology does not affect the loss of heat from the water column, geysers have a fairly constant... of it, tides may...

334

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect inbreeding depression Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

search results for: affect inbreeding depression Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 TRENDS in Ecology & Evolution Vol.17 No.5 May 2002 http:tree.trends.com 0169-534702 see front...

335

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects clinal variation Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Search Sample search results for: affects clinal variation Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Ecology, 89(11) Supplement, 2008, pp. S91S107 2008 by the Ecological Society of America...

336

Learning with invisible others: Perceptions of online presence and their relationship to cognitive and affective learning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Russo, T., & Benson, S. (2005). Learning with Invisible Others: Perceptions of Online Presence and their Relationship to Cognitive and Affective Learning, Educational Technology & Society, 8 (1), 54-62. Learning with Invisible Others...

Russo, Tracy; Benson, Spencer

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting calcium oxalate Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

by fungi or fungal) leave mineralogical (metal oxalates) and organic traces on the affected rock... at 3462 cm-1. These values are in good agreement with the pub- lished Raman...

338

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects effective matrix Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

84(6), 2003, pp. 15061516 2003 by the Ecological Society of America Summary: at the patch level. Matrix composition also affected the pattern of movement through the matrix......

339

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect radiation sensitivity Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

F A T M O S P H E R I C S C I E N C E S Summary: What about gases that affect the greenhouse effect? Radiative forcing for greenhouse gases: Instantly... shortwave forcings next...

340

33 CFR 322: Permits for Structures or Work in or Affecting Navigable...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: 33 CFR 322: Permits for Structures or Work in or Affecting Navigable Waters of the United StatesLegal Abstract These regulations...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoclusters affects subsequent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting endovascular stent Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

results for: affecting endovascular stent Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Annals of Biomedical Engineering, Vol. 33, No. 4, April 2005 ( 2005) pp. 444456 DOI: 10.1007...

342

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects alkaline phosphatase Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7, 589-598, May 1995 O 1995 American Society of Plant Physiologists The Activation of the Potato PR-lOa Gene Requires the Summary: is affected by alkaline phosphatase only in...

343

Pearl millet: parboiling methods and factors affecting the process and cooked product  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PEARL MILLET: PARBOILING METHODS AND FACTORS AFFECTING THE PROCESS AND COOKED PRODUCT A Thesis by CHALLY JOEL CLEGG Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies Texas A8 M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1991 Major Subject: Food Science and Technology PEARL MILLET: PARBOILING METHODS AND FACTORS AFFECTING THE PROCESS AND COOKED PRODUCT A Thesis by CHALLY JOEL CLEGG Approved as to style and content by: LI d W. Roon...

Clegg, Chally Joel

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

344

Factors affecting the cooking and extrusion properties of sorghum for noodle production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FACTORS AFFECTING THE COOKING AND EXTRUSION PROPERTIES OF SORGHUM FOR NOODLE PRODUCTION A Thesis by ROSEMARY IKALAFENG LEKALAKE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1993 Major Subject: Food Science and Technology FACTORS AFFECTING THE COOKING AND EXTRUSION PROPERTIES OF SORGHUM FOR NOODLE PRODUCTION A Thesis by ROSEMARy IKALAFENG LEKALAKE Approved as to style and content by...

Lekalake, Rosemary Ikalafeng

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

345

Multiple time courses of salivary alpha-amylase and dimensions of affect in adolescence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Summary Previous research has illustrated associations among daily experiences, emotions and stress-responding physiological systems. Recently, investigators have examined salivary alpha-amylase (sAA), a surrogate marker of the autonomic nervous system, and its associations with affect. The current study examined associations among affective valence, arousal and sAA across three different time courses at the momentary, daily and inter-individual level to understand varying influences of adolescents’ daily emotional experiences on sAA reactivity and diurnal sAA activity. Adolescents (N = 82) provided salivary samples and diary reports of affect and experiences five times a day for three consecutive days. They also completed self-report questionnaires on trait affect. Findings from multilevel growth curves demonstrated that adolescents in our sample displayed typical sAA diurnal rhythms with levels dropping 30 min after waking and then increasing across the day to a peak in the late afternoon. Within person momentary experiences of high arousal positive affect were associated with momentary sAA reactivity. Prior day experiences of high arousal negative affect were associated with a greater amylase awakening response (i.e., greater decrease) and flatter slopes the next day. Trait positive affect was also associated with flatter sAA slopes. Our findings suggest that both affective arousal and valence should be accounted for when examining differences in sAA reactivity and diurnal patterns. Further, our results indicated that emotion-physiology transactions among adolescents occur over varying time scales for salivary alpha-amylase as well as cortisol.

Leah D. Doane; Scott A. Van Lenten

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Altered Amino Acid Sequence Affects Amyloid Formation In A?(25-35)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ALTERED AMINO ACID SEQUENCE AFFECTS AMYLOID FORMATION IN A?(25-35) A Senior Scholars Thesis by MORGAN CHATEAU Submitted to the Office of Undergraduate Research Texas A&M University In partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the designation as UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH SCHOLAR April 2007 Majors: Biochemistry and Genetics ALTERED AMINO ACID SEQUENCE AFFECTS AMYLOID FORMATION IN A?(25-35) A Senior Scholars Thesis by MORGAN CHATEAU Submitted to the Office...

Chateau, Morgan

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

347

Depressive and anxiety disorders in primary care: factors affecting physicians' use of screening information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DEPRESSIVE AND ANXIETY DISORDERS IN PRIMARY CARE: FACTORS AFFECTING PHYSICIANS' USE OF SCREENING INFORMATION A Thesis by ASHLEY MEREDITH MANER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ASrM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1999 Major Subject: Psychology DEPRESSIVE AND ANXIETY DISORDERS IN PRIMARY CARE: FACTORS AFFECTING PHYSICIANS* USE OF SCREENING INFORMATION A Thesis by ASHLEY MEREDITH MANER Submitted to Texas A...

Maner, Ashley Meredith

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

348

Institutional processes affecting the provision of water resources for public recreational use in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INSTITUTIONAL PROCESSES AFFECTING THE PROVISION OF WATER RESOURCES FOR PUBLIC RECREATIO'NAL USE IN TEXAS A Thesis by WILLIAM EARI RICHARDSON Submitted to the Graduate College cf Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1975 Major Subject: Recreation and Resources Development INSTITUTIONAL PROCESSES AFFECTING THE PROVISION OF WATER RESOURCES FOR PUBLIC RECREATIONAL USE IN TEXAS A Thesis by WILLIAM EARL RICHARDSON Approved...

Richardson, William Earl

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

349

Factors affecting the permanence of livestock projects undertaken by Heifer International-Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FACTORS AFFECTING THE PERMANENCE OF LIVESTOCK PROJECTS UNDERTAKEN BY HEIFER INTERNATIONAL-MEXICO A Thesis by SERGIO ADRIAN ARISPE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 2003 Major Subject: Agricultural Education FACTORS AFFECTING THE PERMANENCE OF LIVESTOCK PROJECTS UNDERTAKEN BY HEIFER INTERNATIONAL-MEXICO A Thesis by SERGIO ADRIAN ARISPE Submitted to Texas A&M University...

Arispe, Sergio Adrian

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

350

Factors affecting the recovery of petroleum in projects involving the injection of liquefied petroleum gases (LPG)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FACTORS AFFECTING THE RECOVERY OF PETROLEUM IN PROJECTS INVOLVING THE INJECTION OF LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GASES (LPG) A Thesis By GERRY A. GRAHAM Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August, 1961 Major Subject: Petroleum Engineering GERRY A. GRAHAM FACTORS AFFECTING THE RECOVERY OF PETROLEUM IN PROJECTS INVOLVING THE INJECTION OF LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GASES (LPG) A...

Graham, Gerry A

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

351

Factors affecting properties of pork sausage patties made with reduced salt contents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FACTORS AFFECTING PROPERTIES OF PORK SAUSAGE PATTIES MADE WITH REDUCED SALT CONTENTS A Thesis by ROBERT GERARD MATLOCK Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1983 Major Subject: Food Science and Technology FACTORS AFFECTING PROPERTIES OF PORK SAUSAGE PATTIES MADE MITH REDUCED SALT CONTENTS A Thesis by ROBERT GERARD MATLOCK Approved as to style and content by: erre (Co...

Matlock, Robert Gerard

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

352

Location of odor sources and the affected population in Imperial County, California  

SciTech Connect

This report is divided into four sections. The first two sections contain general background information on Imperial County. The third section is a general discussion of odor sources in Imperial County, and the fourth maps the specific odor sources, the expected areas of perception, and the affected populations. this mapping is done for the Imperial Valley and each of the four Imperial County KGRA's (Known Geothermal Resource Areas) where odor from the development of the geothermal energy may affect population.

Hahn, J.L.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Sulfolipid Deficiency Does Not Affect the Virulence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv in Mice and Guinea Pigs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...p. 363-461. In M. Kates (ed.), Handbook of lipid research: glycolipids, phosphoglycolipids...56: 2876-2883. Sulfolipid deficiency does not affect the virulence of Mycobacterium...all expectations, sulfolipid deficiency does not significantly affect the replication...

Cécile Rousseau; Oliver C. Turner; Erik Rush; Yann Bordat; Tatiana D. Sirakova; Pappachan E. Kolattukudy; Shannon Ritter; Ian M. Orme; Brigitte Gicquel; Mary Jackson

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Light-induced Photoactivation of Hypericin Affects the Energy Metabolism of Human Glioma Cells by Inhibiting Hexokinase Bound to Mitochondria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Experimental Therapeutics Light-induced Photoactivation...Hypericin Affects the Energy Metabolism of Human...of glioma tumors. Light-induced photoactivation...hypericin affects the energy metabolism of human...December 15. 1998] Light-induced Photoactivation...Hypericin Affects the Energy Metabolism of Human...

Laurent Miccoli; Arnaud Beurdeley-Thomas; Gonzague De Pinieux; Franck Sureau; Stéphane Oudard; Bernard Dutrillaux; and Marie-France Poupon

1998-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

355

EIA - AEO2010 - Factors affecting the relationship betwen crude oil and  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Factors affecting the relationship betweeen crude oil and natural gas prices Factors affecting the relationship betweeen crude oil and natural gas prices Annual Energy Outlook 2010 with Projections to 2035 Factors affecting the relationship between crude oil and natural gas prices Background Over the 1995-2005 period, crude oil prices and U.S. natural gas prices tended to move together, which supported the conclusion that the markets for the two commodities were connected. Figure 26 illustrates the fairly stable ratio over that period between the price of low-sulfur light crude oil at Cushing, Oklahoma, and the price of natural gas at the Henry Hub on an energy-equivalent basis. Figure 26. Ratio of low-sulfur light crude oil prices to natural gas prices on an energy-equivalent basis, 1995-2035 Click to enlarge » Figure source and data excel logo

356

How the Recovery Act is Affecting Small Business Innovation | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the Recovery Act is Affecting Small Business Innovation the Recovery Act is Affecting Small Business Innovation How the Recovery Act is Affecting Small Business Innovation August 2, 2010 - 5:20pm Addthis Dr. Kristina Johnson We invest in our country's small businesses because small businesses invest back in our economy. With small businesses creating nearly two out of every three net new jobs, you probably have a friend, neighbor or family member who makes their livelihood by working for a small business. These employees enter an environment that supports innovation and ingenuity, as small businesses invest in research and new programs to spur economic growth and reduce our country's energy usage. Last week, I wrote about our Phase III awards, $30 million in funding available to be awarded to help qualified small businesses bring their

357

Factors affecting the coagulation properties of skimmilk and characteristics of cultured buttermilk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

rected by: Dr. H, E. Randolph The effect of heat treatment, homogen1zation, and added calcium chloride (CaC12) on curd firmness and acid production and the effect of homogenizati on on the viscosity, ac1di ty, and whey-off of cultured buttermilk were... skimm11k before culturing increased the viscosity of cultured buttermilk made from WMT negative skimmilk by 3X, but did not affect the viscos1ty of cultured buttermilk made from WNT positive skimmilk. Homogen1zat1on d1d not affect whey...

Bollinger, Dean Herman

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

358

Update on State Air Emission Regulations That Affect Electric Power Producers (released in AEO2005)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Several states have recently enacted air emission regulations that will affect the electricity generation sector. The regulations are intended to improve air quality in the states and assist them in complying with the revised 1997 National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for ground-level ozone and fine particulates. The affected states include Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maine, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, Texas, and Washington. The regulations govern emissions of NOx, SO2, CO2, and mercury from power plants.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

How Has a Ceiling Fan Affected the Way You Heat and Cool Your Home? |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Has a Ceiling Fan Affected the Way You Heat and Cool Your Home? Has a Ceiling Fan Affected the Way You Heat and Cool Your Home? How Has a Ceiling Fan Affected the Way You Heat and Cool Your Home? September 23, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis On Monday, Chris told you about his new ceiling fan and how it's changed the way he cools his home. In warm weather, ceiling fans cool people (not rooms) by producing a wind-chill effect-which is why you should turn off fans when you leave the room. A ceiling fan allows you to raise the thermostat setting about 4°F with no reduction in comfort. Ceiling fans don't just cool in the summer; you can also reverse the direction in the winter to provide an updraft and force warm air down into the room. How has a ceiling fan affected the way you heat and cool your home? Each Thursday, you have the chance to share your thoughts on a question

360

How Has a Ceiling Fan Affected the Way You Heat and Cool Your Home? |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Has a Ceiling Fan Affected the Way You Heat and Cool Your Home? Has a Ceiling Fan Affected the Way You Heat and Cool Your Home? How Has a Ceiling Fan Affected the Way You Heat and Cool Your Home? September 23, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis On Monday, Chris told you about his new ceiling fan and how it's changed the way he cools his home. In warm weather, ceiling fans cool people (not rooms) by producing a wind-chill effect-which is why you should turn off fans when you leave the room. A ceiling fan allows you to raise the thermostat setting about 4°F with no reduction in comfort. Ceiling fans don't just cool in the summer; you can also reverse the direction in the winter to provide an updraft and force warm air down into the room. How has a ceiling fan affected the way you heat and cool your home? Each Thursday, you have the chance to share your thoughts on a question

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoclusters affects subsequent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Assessment of critical parameters that affect the seismic performance of bridge steel pedestals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of these steel pedestals, and should be given a careful consideration before usage. It was also shown that the stiffness of the expansion joints does not significantly affect the displacement of the steel pedestals and the forces transmitted to them. However...

Srivastava, Siddharth

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

362

Carbon Capture and Sequestration: how much does this uncertain option affect near-term policy choices?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon Capture and Sequestration: how much does this uncertain option affect near-term policy Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS) as a key option to avoid costly emission reduction. While Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS) technologies are receiving increasing atten- tion, mainly

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

363

Elevated CO2 affects shell dissolution rate but not calcification rate in a marine snail  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Research articles 1001 60 69 70 Elevated CO2 affects shell dissolution rate but not calcification...authors contributed equally to this work. As CO2 levels increase in the atmosphere, so too...Although direct effects of moderately elevated CO2 in sea water may be of little consequence...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

How affects can perturbe the automatic speech recognition of domotic interactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

{frederic.aman, veronique.auberge, michel.vacher}@imag.fr Abstract In Smart Home, the vocal home automation included to the home automation controls. That is that one main problem of ASR systems, in such context (directed to the smart home, or to a robot mediator), they become often pronounced with various affects

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

365

Magnetically affected texture and microstructure evolution during grain growth in Zirconium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magnetically affected texture and microstructure evolution during grain growth in Zirconium Dmitri.bozzolo@mines-paristech.fr Keywords: Grain growth, Magnetic annealing, Zirconium, Magnetic anisotropy. Abstract. The effect of a magnetic field on texture and microstructure development in cold rolled (80%) commercially pure zirconium

Boyer, Edmond

366

Heat-affected zone and ablation rate of copper ablated with femtosecond laser  

SciTech Connect

We describe the experimental and molecular dynamics simulation study of crystalline copper (Cu) ablation using femtosecond lasers. This study is focused on the heat-affected zone after femtosecond laser ablation and the laser ablation rate. As a result of the x-ray diffraction measurement on the ablated surface, the crystallinity of the surface is partially changed from a crystal structure into an amorphous one. At the laser fluences below the ablation threshold, the entire laser energy coupled to the Cu target is absorbed, while during the fluence regime over the threshold fluence, the ablation rate depends on the absorption coefficient, and the residual energy which is not used for the ablation, is left in the Cu substrate. The heat-affected zone at the fluences below the threshold is estimated to be greater than that over the threshold fluence. In addition, the laser ablation of Cu is theoretically investigated by a two-temperature model and molecular dynamics (MD) simulation to explain the heat-affected zone and ablation rate. The MD simulation takes into account the electron temperature and thermal diffusion length calculated by the two-temperature model. Variation in the lattice temperature with time and depth is calculated by the MD simulation coupled with the two-temperature model. The experimental ablation rate and the heat-affected zone are theoretically well explained.

Hirayama, Yoichi; Obara, Minoru [Department of Electronics and Electrical Engineering, Keio University, 3-14-1 Hiyoshi, Kohoku-ku, Yokohama 223-8522 (Japan)

2005-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

367

Tetrazolium-based Assays for Cellular Viability: A Critical Examination of Selected Parameters Affecting Formazan Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...production. | The hydrogen acceptor 3...of assay and the production of MTT formazan...in MTT formazan production. MTT formazan...Assays, Antitumor methods Formazans analysis...Affecting Formazan Production David T. Vistica...21702-1201 ABSTRACT The hydrogen acceptor 3...

David T. Vistica; Philip Skehan; Dominic Scudiero; Anne Monks; Angela Pittman; and Michael R. Boyd

1991-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

368

A MULTI-YEAR STUDY OF FACTORS AFFECTING FRUIT PRODUCTION IN ARISTOLOCHIA PAUCINERVIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A MULTI-YEAR STUDY OF FACTORS AFFECTING FRUIT PRODUCTION IN ARISTOLOCHIA PAUCINERVIS limitation, resource limitation, fruit abortion, and predation have all been proposed as factors explaining low fruit set in hermaphroditic plants. We conducted a 5-year study combining field observations

Herrera, Carlos M.

369

Observations and Modeling of the August 27, 2012 Earthquake and Tsunami affecting El Salvador and Nicaragua  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Observations and Modeling of the August 27, 2012 Earthquake and Tsunami affecting El Salvador Mw = 7.3 earthquake occurred off the coast of El Salvador and generated surprisingly large local Salvador and northern Nicara- gua. The tsunami reached a maximum height of *6 m with inundation of up

Lynett, Patrick

370

Radon levels and doses in dwellings in two villages in Kosovo, affected by depleted uranium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Kosovo, affected by depleted uranium G. Nafezi 1 A. Gregoric...major cause of lung cancer, second only to cigarette...Kosovo was initiated by uranium prospecting in the period...the study was hit by depleted uranium projectiles during the......

G. Nafezi; A. Gregoric; J. Vaupotic; M. Bahtijari; M. Kuqali

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Background: Global Warming, 2009 1. Unequivocally, the climate is warming. Natural systems are affected.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Background: Global Warming, 2009 1. Unequivocally, the climate is warming. Natural systems are affected. 2. Very likely (>90% certainty), humans are causing most of the warming. 3. No single technology are very likely to impose net annual costs, which will increase over time as global temperatures increase

Minnesota, University of

372

UVM Central Heating & Cooling Plant Annual Maintenance Shutdown 2013 Affected Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UVM Central Heating & Cooling Plant Annual Maintenance Shutdown 2013 Affected Buildings Sunday 19 heating, hot water and critical air conditioning > NO CAGE WASHING > NO AUTOCLAVES > Given Boiler Plant will be in operation to provide heating, hot water and critical air conditioning > NO CAGE WASHING > NO AUTOCLAVES

Hayden, Nancy J.

373

How student's personality traits affect Computer Based Assessment Acceptance: Integrating BFI with CBAAM  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Researchers in the Information Systems (IS) field have put considerable effort on identifying how personality affects technology acceptance. This study is a further step towards this direction within the context of Computer Based Assessment (CBA). Particularly, ... Keywords: BFI, Computer Based Assessment, Perceived Usefulness, Personality, TAM

Vasileios Terzis; Christos N. Moridis; Anastasios A. Economides

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

The Presence of Humic Substances and DNA in RNA Extracts Affects Hybridization Results  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...DNA in RNA Extracts Affects Hybridization Results Elizabeth Wheeler Alm Dandan Zheng Lutgarde Raskin Department of Civil and Environmental...high-quality quantitative membrane hybridization results. We thank Katherine McMahon for help with preparing Fig. , Scott McNaught for...

Elizabeth Wheeler Alm; Dandan Zheng; Lutgarde Raskin

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

How Wireless Power Charging Technology Affects Sensor Network Deployment and Routing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of environmental energy such as sunlight and acoustic vibra- tions [6]­[9]. However, the energy that a solar cell with a large solar cell; the low harvesting efficiency of small solar cells, together with uncontrollableHow Wireless Power Charging Technology Affects Sensor Network Deployment and Routing Bin Tong, Zi

Wang, Guiling

376

Ris-PhD-4(EN) Do competitive conditions affect introgression  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

inheritance between F1-hybrids (B. napus () x B. rapa) and B. rapa; the second step in the introgression elucidated how these factors affect the F1-hybrid production on B. napus. Higher plant density reduced the fitness of mother plants and the abundance of F1-hybrids (at the 1:1 proportion) significantly

377

A study of specific visual stimuli that affect the learning process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of this study will be to show that the architectural design of the visual stimuli of light in an educational environment can affect the learning process. It is very apparent that one of the main sources of light in an educational environment is in fact a window...

Godkin, Blake Steven

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

378

A First Look at Tree Decay An Introduction to How Injury and Decay Affect Trees  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A First Look at Tree Decay An Introduction to How Injury and Decay Affect Trees by Kevin T. Smith Look at Tree Decay Photosynthesis and decay are the two most essential processes in nature. Photosynthesis by green plants captures and stores energy from the sun. This energy is used to form wood

379

Sandhills Vegetation Will heat from the pipeline affect the growth of vegetation?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Sandhills Vegetation Will heat from the pipeline affect the growth of vegetation? What we know. Will the Sandhills vegetation grow back after the pipeline is constructed? What we know ­ response by Professor Jerry issues, revegetation problems on the pipeline will be at discreet locations. If surrounding pastures

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

380

The yeast Apq12 protein affects nucleocytoplasmic mRNA transport  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Second, bulk poly(A)+ RNA is retained in the nucleus in apq12 cells. Third, an Apq12p­GFP chimeric for mutations affecting mRNA ex- port is the identification of yeast strains with hyperadenyl- ated m for strains that led to the production of hyperadenylated mRNAs. This investigation led to the identification

Coller, Jeff

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoclusters affects subsequent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Ligand chemistry of titania precursor affects transient photovoltaic behavior in inverted organic solar cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

transient photovoltaic behavior in inverted organic solar cells Jong Bok Kim,1,a) Seokhoon Ahn,2,b) Seok JuLigand chemistry of titania precursor affects transient photovoltaic behavior in inverted organic solar cells Jong Bok Kim, Seokhoon Ahn, Seok Ju Kang, Colin Nuckolls, and Yueh-Lin Loo Citation: Appl

Hone, James

382

Small-scale variation in growing season length affects size structure of scarlet monkeyflower  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Levine, Dept of Integrative Biology, Univ. of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. Present address for JLW: Division of Biological Sciences, Univ. of Montana, Missoula, MT 59812, USA (jennifer. of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106-9610, USA. All organisms must contend with seasonality, which affects

Williams, Jennifer L.

383

SEDIMENTS, SEC 4 SEDIMENT-ECOLOGY INTERACTIONS POSITION PAPER Anthropogenic pollutants affect ecosystem services  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SEDIMENTS, SEC 4 · SEDIMENT-ECOLOGY INTERACTIONS · POSITION PAPER Anthropogenic pollutants affect ecosystem services of freshwater sediments: the need for a "triad plus x" approach Sabine Ulrike Gerbersdorf November 2010 /Accepted: 24 April 2011 # Springer-Verlag 2011 Abstract Purpose Freshwater sediments

Cirpka, Olaf Arie

384

Factors Affecting Ni and Zn Hydroxide Precipitate Formation in Soils. (S02-peltier222185-oral)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Factors Affecting Ni and Zn Hydroxide Precipitate Formation in Soils. (S02-peltier222185-oral) Authors: E.F. Peltier* - Univ. of Delaware D.L. Sparks - Univ. of Delaware Abstract: The formation matter in the soil. Speaker Information: Edward Peltier, Univ. of Delaware, Dept. of Plant and Soil

Sparks, Donald L.

385

Biogeography, ecoregions, and geomorphology affect fish species composition in streams of eastern Oklahoma, USA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biogeography, ecoregions, and geomorphology affect fish species composition in streams of eastern B.V. 2007 Abstract Stream fish assemblages are structured by biogeographical, physical and stream habitat, influenced fish species composition (presence­absence) in eastern Oklahoma, USA relative

Marston, Richard A.

386

debussy@cs.yonsei.ac.kr, iklee@yonsei.ac.kr Affective Icons for Music Exploring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

O debussy@cs.yonsei.ac.kr, iklee@yonsei.ac.kr Affective Icons for Music Exploring Min and colors of harmonograph curves. These curves can be used as icons for music retrieval, and we demonstrate. This approach is compatible with a standard icon-based file browser. . Introduction Since the appearance

Lee, In-Kwon

387

Writing and Reading Software Documentation: How the Development Process may Affect Understanding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Writing and Reading Software Documentation: How the Development Process may Affect Understanding@cs.vu.nl Abstract The effectiveness of documentation within a development process is determined by the way in which of a development team share a certain understanding of (the role of) the different types of documentation. However

van Vliet, Hans

388

The Healthy Homes Initiative Housing conditions can significantly affect public health.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Healthy Homes Initiative Housing conditions can significantly affect public health. Nationwide in the home, focusing narrowly on one issue, even in the presence of multiple issues. A Healthy Homes approach associated with unhealthy and unsafe homes. What Is CDC's Healthy Homes Initiative? CDC's Healthy Homes

389

Letter to the Editor Does filter media type really affect BRS?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and dirt on filters are ozone removal rates. Zhao et al. (2007), studied ozone removal by HVAC filtersLetter to the Editor Does filter media type really affect BRS? Dear Editor, Buchanan et al., (2008: the correlation between high outdoor ozone with the simultaneous use of polyester- synthetic filters and higher

Siegel, Jeffrey

390

Lipids in Leaves: Fatty Acid ÎČ-Oxidation Affects Lipid Homeostasis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

2014 American Society of Plant Biologists. All rights reserved. 2014 in-brief IN BRIEF Lipids in Leaves: Fatty Acid beta-Oxidation Affects Lipid Homeostasis Jennifer Mach jmach@aspb.org Science Editor www.plantcell.org/cgi/doi/10.1105/tpc.114.133447

Jennifer Mach

2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

391

How Run-of-River Operation Affects Hydropower Generation Henriette I. Jager Mark S. Bevelhimer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

How Run-of-River Operation Affects Hydropower Generation and Value Henriette I. Jager Ă? Mark S) are mandated to protect aquatic biota, (2) decrease hydropower generation per unit flow, and (3) decrease energy revenue. We tested these three assump- tions by reviewing hydropower projects with license

Jager, Henriette I.

392

Energy transduction in Escherichia coli: new mutation affecting the Fo portion of the ATP synthetase complex.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Transduction in Escherichia coli: New Mutation Affecting the...brane as measured by the energy-linked quench- ing of...1030 VOL. 134, 1978 ENERGY TRANSDUCTION IN E. COLI...obtained from W. Maas, C New York University School ofMedicine...

B P Rosen; R N Brey; S M Hasan

1978-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Long-term cleaner fish presence affects growth of a coral reef fish  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Animal behaviour 1001 14 60 70 Long-term cleaner fish presence affects growth of a coral reef fish Gillian E. Clague 1 Karen L. Cheney 1 Anne...of its kind, over an 8 year period, cleaner fish Labroides dimidiatus were consistently removed...

Gillian E. Clague; Karen L. Cheney; Anne W. Goldizen; Mark I. McCormick; Peter A. Waldie; Alexandra S. Grutter

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

MODELLING OF CONCRETE STRUCTURES AFFECTED BY INTERNAL SWELLING REACTIONS: COUPLINGS BETWEEN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, France Abstract Alkali Aggregate Reaction (AAR) and Delayed Ettringite Formation (DEF) cause expansion Ettringite Formation, Modelling, Coupling 1. INTRODUCTION Alkali Aggregate Reaction (AAR) and Delayed Ettringite Formation (DEF) are both Internal Swelling Processes (ISP) that can affect concrete. In the first

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

395

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting carbon fluxes Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

can store as much carbon as tree biomass, a smaller percentage of this pool is affected by land use... Land use change and soil carbon--1 TR O P I C A L LA N D US E CH A N G...

396

Z .Geoderma 97 2000 87101 Sorption of Brilliant Blue FCF in soils as affected  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Z .Geoderma 97 2000 87­101 Sorption of Brilliant Blue FCF in soils as affected by pH and ionic phase. For an adequate interpretation of stained flow pathways, the sorption characteristics of the dye sorption to soils. Batch sorption studies were conducted with three different soils and different ionic

Flury, Markus

397

Factors affecting leech parasitism on four turtle species in St. Lawrence Islands National Park  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Factors affecting leech parasitism on four turtle species in St. Lawrence Islands National Park and body condition) in the host-parasite interaction between four turtle species found in St. Lawrence counted and measured to determine their prevalence and biomass respectively on a total of 324 turtles from

Blouin-Demers, Gabriel

398

Mining the Structural Genomics Pipeline: Identification of Protein Properties that Affect  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mining the Structural Genomics Pipeline: Identification of Protein Properties that Affect High process through specialized "pipeline schematics". We find that the properties of a protein that are most the structural genomics pipeline,6 ­ 9 from target cloning, expression, purification, to structural determination

Gerstein, Mark

399

Structural Perspective on Mutations Affecting the Function of Multisubunit RNA Polymerases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...maintaining the transcription bubble. We can hypothesize...which the transcription bubble has a tendency to collapse...structural elements affect the stability of the RNA and its retention...Thus, effects on the stability of the open complex arise...stable transcription bubble. Two other replacements...

Vincent Trinh; Marie-France Langelier; Jacques Archambault; Benoit Coulombe

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Factors Affecting the Efficiency of Carbon Monoxide Photoproduction in the St. Lawrence Estuarine System (Canada)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Factors Affecting the Efficiency of Carbon Monoxide Photoproduction in the St. Lawrence Estuarine System (Canada) ... The solar insolation-weighted mean apparent quantum yield of CO (?CO) decreased as much as fourfold with increasing salinity and showed a strong positive correlation with the dissolved organic carbon-specific absorption coefficient at 254 nm. ...

Yong Zhang; Huixiang Xie; Guohua Chen

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoclusters affects subsequent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

A family with a dystrophin gene mutation specifically affecting dystrophin expression in the heart  

SciTech Connect

We recently described a family with X-linked dilated cardiomyopathy where a large deletion in the muscle promoter region of the dystrophin gene was associated with a severe dilated cardiomyopathy in absence of clinical skeletal muscle involvement. The deletion removed the entire muscle promoter region, the first muscle exon and part of intron 1. The brain and Purkinje cell promoters were not affected by the deletion. Despite the lack of both the muscle promoter and the first muscle exon, dystrophin was detected immunocytochemically in relative high levels in the skeletal muscle of the affected males. We have now found that both the brain and Purkinje cell promoters were transcribed at high levels in the skeletal muscle of these individuals. This phenomenon, that does not occur in normal skeletal muscle, indicates that these two isoforms, physiologically expressed mainly in the central nervous system, can be transcribed and be functionally active in skeletal muscle under specific circumstances. Contrary to what is observed in skeletal muscle, dystrophin was not detected in the heart of one affected male using immunocytochemistry and an entire panel of anti-dystrophin antibodies. This was most likely the cause for the pronounced cardiac fibrosis observed and eventually responsible for the severe cardiac involvement invariably seen in seven affected males. In conclusion, the mutation of the muscle promoter, first muscle exon and part of intron 1 specifically affected expression of dystrophin in the heart. We believe that this deletion removes sequences involved in regulation of dystrophin expression in the heart and are at the moment characterizing other families with X-linked cardiomyopathy secondary to a dystrophinopathy.

Muntoni, F.; Davies, K.; Dubowitz, V. [Royal Postgraduate Medical School, London (United Kingdom)] [and others

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

EO 13211: Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 5 Federal Register / Vol. 66, No. 99 / Tuesday, May 22, 2001 / Presidential Documents Executive Order 13211 of May 18, 2001 Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect En- ergy Supply, Distribution, or Use By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, and in order to appropriately weigh and consider the effects of the Federal Government's regulations on the supply, distribution, and use of energy, it is hereby ordered as follows: Section 1. Policy. The Federal Government can significantly affect the supply, distribution, and use of energy. Yet there is often too little information regarding the effects that governmental regulatory action can have on energy. In order to provide more useful energy-related information and hence im-

403

Factors affecting the indoor concentrations of carbonaceous aerosols of outdoor origin  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Factors affecting the indoor concentrations of carbonaceous aerosols of Factors affecting the indoor concentrations of carbonaceous aerosols of outdoor origin Melissa M. Lunden 1 ∗ , Thomas W. Kirchstetter 1 , Tracy L. Thatcher 2 , Susanne V. Hering 3 , and Nancy J. Brown 1 1 Environmental Energy Technologies Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Rd., Berkeley, CA 94720, USA 2 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, CA 93407, USA 2 Aerosol Dynamics Inc., 2329 4th Street, Berkeley, CA 94710, USA Abstract A field study was conducted in an unoccupied single story residence in Clovis, California to provide data to address issues important to assess the indoor exposure to particles of outdoor origin. Measurements of black and organic carbonaceous aerosols were performed using a

404

The Expression of Determination: Similarities Between Anger and Approach-related Positive Affect  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved by: Co-Chairs of Committee, Brandon J. Schmeichel Gerianne Alexander Committee Member, Karen Winterich....S., Excelsior College Co-Chairs of Advisory Committee: Dr. Brandon J. Schmeichel Dr. Gerianne Alexander This study examines the valence and motivational direction components of affect using facial...

Harmon-Jones, Cindy

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

405

Durabilit et choix d'affectation des espaces urbains: La problmatique ville/port Dunkerque  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Durabilité et choix d'affectation des espaces urbains: La problématique ville/port à Dunkerque espaces urbains: La problématique ville/port à Dunkerque Résumé en français : Les villes portuaires noyau de la ville, le port historique se déconnecte de la ville, devient un « no man's land » voire un

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

406

Some Factors Affecting the Utilization of Phosphoric Acid in Soils by Plants in Pot Experiments.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION A. B. CONNER, Director College Station, Texas BULLETIN NO. 647 APRIL, 1944 SOME FACTORS AFFECTING THE UTILIZATION OF PHOSPHORIC ACID IN SOILS BY PLANTS IN POT EXPERIMENTS G. S. FRAPS and J. F. FUDGE...] The relations between the quantities of phosphoric acid re- moved by corn and milo or kafir and the composition and other characteristics of Texas soils was ascertained from the data of 375 pot experiments. acid acid crol nhn! =---, Wit pho; tota DL...

Fudge, J. F. (Joseph Franklin); Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

1944-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Factors Affecting UV-Induced Superhydrophilic Conversion of a TiO2 Surface  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Factors Affecting UV-Induced Superhydrophilic Conversion of a TiO2 Surface ... Particularly, the maximum extrema in spectral dependence of the efficiency of photoinduced hydrophilic conversion correspond to the energies of the first indirect and first direct electronic band-to-band transitions in TiO2. ... To estimate the efficiency of the photoinduced surface hydrophilic conversion, we used two parameters: initial rate of contact angle alteration and initial rate of surface energy alteration. ...

Alexei V. Emeline; Aida V. Rudakova; Munetoshi Sakai; Taketoshi Murakami; Akira Fujishima

2013-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

408

Factors affecting binder properties between production and construction and their impact on quality assurance programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FACTORS AFFECTING BINDER PROPERTIES BETWEEN PRODUCTION AND CONSTRUCTION AND THEIR IMPACT ON QUALITY ASSURANCE PROGRAMS A Thesis by EDITH ARAMBULA MERCADO Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial... ARAMBULA MERCADO Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved as to style and content by: Am Epps Martin (Chair of Committee) Roger ith (Member) l'Cl(fford Spiegelman...

Arambula Mercado, Edith

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Factors Affecting the Performance of Mechanical Cotton Harvesters (Stripper Type), Extractors and Cleaners.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION R. D. LEWIS. DIRECTOR College Station, Texas ULLETIN NO. 686 DECEMBER, 1946 FACTORS AFFECTING THE PERFORMANCE OF MECHANICAL COTTON HARVESTERS (STRIPPER TYPE), EXTRACTORS AND CLEANERS H. P. SMITH, D. T... stripping machines during the past five years. Several concerns are now building two-row tractor mounted machines for the commercial trade. The performance of the stripper type cotton harvester is influenced by a number of factors, Tests to determine...

Jones, D. L. (Don L.); Killough, D. T. (David Thornton); Smith, H. P. (Harris Pearson)

1946-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Radiation exposure of human populations in villages in Russia and Belarus affected by fallout from the Chernobyl reactor.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A quarter of a century has elapsed since the catastrophe at the nuclear power plant in Chernobyl. The radioactive fallout affected all the European countries… (more)

Bernhardsson, Christian

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

CHINA'S DUST AFFECTS SOLAR RESOURCE IN THE U.S.: A CASE STUDY Christian A. Gueymard Nels S. Laulainen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a significant im- pact. Concentrating systems such as parabolic troughs and solar tower plants utilize onlyCHINA'S DUST AFFECTS SOLAR RESOURCE IN THE U.S.: A CASE STUDY Christian A. Gueymard Nels S of how long- range aerosol transport may temporarily affect the U.S. solar resource. Broadband

Oregon, University of

412

GSDI Legal and Economic Working Group: A Template for Reporting National Legal and Economic Issues Affecting Spatial Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

process is the exchange of detailed descriptions of the existing legal and economic framework affectingGSDI Legal and Economic Working Group: A Template for Reporting National Legal and Economic Issues Affecting Spatial Data Infrastructure Developments The primary objective of the GSDI Legal and Economic

Onsrud, Harlan J.

413

Maternal work behavior under welfare reform: How does the transition from welfare to work affect child development?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

welfare to work affect child development? Abstract Using data from a longitudinal sample of formerMaternal work behavior under welfare reform: How does the transition from welfare to work affect of Mental Health (R24-MH51363) to the Social Work Research Development Center on Poverty, Risk, and Mental

Shyy, Wei

414

Regulatory Influences That Will Likely Affect Success of Plug-in Hybrid and Battery Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Influences That Will Likely Influences That Will Likely Affect Success of Plug-in Hybrid and Battery Electric Vehicles By Dan Santini Argonne National Laboratory dsantini@anl.gov Clean Cities Coordinators' Webinar Sept. 16, 2010 Vehicle fuel use regulation/policy measures differ. Which should measure plug-in success?  Corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) ratings do not represent real world fuel use. However, the range ratings of EVs and PHEVs are based on CAFE tests.  "Window sticker" information on vehicle fuel use predicts more gasoline and electricity use than CAFE ratings. - The GREET model (basis of GHG saving estimates) is based on real world fuel use

415

Cost of Service and Rate Design Issues Affecting Industrial Customers in Retail Rate Proceedings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COST OF SERVICE AND RATE DESIGN ISSUES AFFECTING INDUSTRIAL CUSTOHERS IN RETAIL RATE PROCEEDINGS CARL N. STOVER, JR. C. H. Guernsey &Company Oklahoma City, Oklahoma ABSTRACT There are generally three major areas of conCertl in a retail rate.... If energy costs are a significant element in the cost of doi~g business, then the industrial customer must be familiar with the activities involved in the ratemaking process, be aware of the issues that might be raised as a part of the process, know...

Stover, C. N. Jr.

416

An analysis of selected factors controlling or affecting the hydraulic conductivity of compacted soil liners  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 19B6 Major Subject: Civil Engineering AM ANALYSIS OF SELECTED FACTORS CONTROLLING OR AFFECTING THE HYDRAULIC CONDUCTIVITY OF COMPACTED SOIL LINERS A Thesis by ROBERT CARY SPEAKE, JR. Approved... Figure 4. Double-liner design for a surface impoundment Figure 5. Schematic of example macrofeatures found in soil liners 21 Figure 6. Parallelopiped showing components of fractured-liner model 23 Figure 7. Head of leachate on liner ver sus flow rate...

Speake, Robert Cary

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

417

Cherokee Reservoir: supplement to factors affecting water quality in Cherokee Reservoir  

SciTech Connect

Several rates and/or measurements were assumed in preparation of the Factors Affecting Water Quality in Cherokee Reservoir report prepared by Iwanski, et al. (1980). The following discussions and data were generated to support future modeling efforts of Cherokee Reservoir water quality. These discussions are not wholly intended to define conclusions or new findings, but rather lend support to assumed parameters in the modeling effort. The data include: (1) long-term BOD analyses; (2) limiting nutrient studies algal assays; (3) phytoplankton biomass; (4) primary productivity; and (5) solids transport. 10 references, 3 figures, 5 tables. (ACR)

Poppe, W.L.

1981-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

418

Variables Affecting Smooth Particle Hydrodynamics Simulation of High-Velocity Flyer Plate Impact Experiments  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes our work to characterize the variables affecting the smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) method in the LS-DYNA package for simulating high-velocity flyer plate impact experiments. LS-DYNA simulations are compared with one-dimensional experimental data of an oxygen-free high-conductivity (OFHC) copper flyer plate impacting another plate of the same material. The comparison is made by measuring the velocity of a point on the back surface of the impact plate using the velocity interferometer system for any reflector (VISAR) technique.

Somasundaram, Deepak S [UNLV; Trabia, Mohamed [UNLV; O'Toole, Brendan [UNLV; Hixson, Robert S [NSTec

2014-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

419

New England Wind Forum: Issues Affecting Public Acceptance of Wind Energy  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Issues Affecting Public Acceptance of Wind Energy Issues Affecting Public Acceptance of Wind Energy Wind farm proponents seek to identify locations with the greatest wind resource and the smallest population. This approach mitigates human interaction and impact whenever possible. Uninhabited areas are scarce in New England, however. Due to the region's population density, many of the region's windy locations - which include coastal areas and high elevations - are in view of nearby communities or valued for their natural beauty or recreational value. As a result, the importance of public acceptance is magnified in determining the viability of wind power installations. Further complicating public acceptance of wind power installations is the local nature of wind project impacts compared to wind power's substantial benefits. All forms of energy have impacts on their surroundings, and our society requires power plants to satisfy its demand for electricity. On a regional and broader scale, wind power's benefits are considerable, and surveys show that the majority of the population supports wind power when compared to the alternatives. In light of these benefits and the broad public support, some communities focus on the question of "compared to what?" and then embrace wind power proposals.

420

In-situ Phase transformation study in fine grained heat affected zone of Grade 91 steels  

SciTech Connect

Creep strength-enhanced ferritic (CSEF) steels such as the 9 Cr steel [ASTM A387 Grade 91] are widely used as tubing and piping in the new generation of fossil fired power plants. Microstructures in the fine-grained heat affected zone (FGHAZ) may significantly reduce creep strength leading Type IV failures. Current research suggest that reducing pre-weld tempering temperature from 760 C (HTT) to 650 C (LTT) has the potential to double the creep life of these welds. To understand this improvement, time-resolved X-ray diffraction (TRXRD) measurement with synchrotron radiation was used to characterize the microstructure evolution during fine grained heat-affected zone (HAZ) thermal cycling of grade 91 steel. The measurements showed both M23C6 (M=Fe, Cr) and MX (M=Nb, V; X=C,N) are present in the sample after the HTT condition. Near equilibrium fraction of M23C6 was measured in high temperature tempering condition (HTT, 760 C). However, the amount of M23C6 in LTT condition was very low since the diffraction peaks are close to the background. During simulated FGHAZ thermal cycling, the M23C6 partially dissolved in HTT sample. Interestingly, MX did not dissolve in both LTT and HTT samples. Hypothesis for correlation of M23C6 carbide distribution and pre-mature creep failure in FGHAZ will be made.

Babu, Sudarsanam Suresh [Ohio State University; Yamamoto, Yukinori [ORNL; Santella, Michael L [ORNL; Yu, Xinghua [ORNL; Komizo, Prof. Y [Osaka University; Terasaki, Prof. H [Osaka University

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoclusters affects subsequent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

The socio-economic, dwelling and appliance related factors affecting electricity consumption in domestic buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper aims to investigate the socio-economic, dwelling and appliance related factors that have significant or non-significant effects on domestic electricity consumption. To achieve this aim, a comprehensive literature review of international research investigating these factors was undertaken. Although papers examining the factors affecting electricity demand are numerous, to the authors’ knowledge, a comprehensive analysis taking stock of all previous findings has not previously been undertaken. The review establishes that no less than 62 factors potentially have an effect on domestic electricity use. This includes 13 socio-economic factors, 12 dwelling factors and 37 appliance factors. Of the 62 factors, four of the socio-economic factors, seven of the dwelling factors, and nine of the appliance related factors were found to unambiguously have a significant positive effect on electricity use. This paper contributes to a better understanding of those factors that certainly affect electricity consumption and those for which effects are unclear and require further research. Understanding the effects of factors can support both the implementation of effective energy policy and aid prediction of future electricity consumption in the domestic sector.

Rory V. Jones; Alba Fuertes; Kevin J. Lomas

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Cysteine 295 indirectly affects Ni coordination of carbon monoxide dehydrogenase-II C-cluster  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: •CODH-II harbors a unique [Ni-Fe-S] cluster. •We substituted the ligand residues of Cys{sup 295} and His{sup 261}. •Dramatic decreases in Ni content upon substitutions were observed. •All substitutions did not affect Fe-S clusters assembly. •CO oxidation activity was decreased by the substitutions. -- Abstract: A unique [Ni–Fe–S] cluster (C-cluster) constitutes the active center of Ni-containing carbon monoxide dehydrogenases (CODHs). His{sup 261}, which coordinates one of the Fe atoms with Cys{sup 295}, is suggested to be the only residue required for Ni coordination in the C-cluster. To evaluate the role of Cys{sup 295}, we constructed CODH-II variants. Ala substitution for the Cys{sup 295} substitution resulted in the decrease of Ni content and didn’t result in major change of Fe content. In addition, the substitution had no effect on the ability to assemble a full complement of [Fe–S] clusters. This strongly suggests Cys{sup 295} indirectly and His{sup 261} together affect Ni-coordination in the C-cluster.

Inoue, Takahiro; Takao, Kyosuke; Yoshida, Takashi [Division of Applied Biosciences, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan)] [Division of Applied Biosciences, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Wada, Kei [Organization for Promotion of Tenure Track, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki 889-1692 (Japan)] [Organization for Promotion of Tenure Track, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki 889-1692 (Japan); Daifuku, Takashi; Yoneda, Yasuko [Division of Applied Biosciences, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan)] [Division of Applied Biosciences, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Fukuyama, Keiichi [Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-0043 (Japan)] [Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-0043 (Japan); Sako, Yoshihiko, E-mail: sako@kais.kyoto-u.ac.jp [Division of Applied Biosciences, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan)] [Division of Applied Biosciences, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan)

2013-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

423

Factors affecting stranding of juvenile salmonids by wakes from ship passage in the Lower Columbia River  

SciTech Connect

The effects of deep-draft vessel traffic in confined riverine channels on shorelines and fish are of widespread concern. In the Pacific Northwest of the United States, wakes and subsequent beach run-up from ships transiting the Lower Columbia River have been observed to strand juvenile salmon and other fish. As part of a before-and-after study to assess stranding effects that may be associated with channel deepening, we measured 19 co-variables from observations of 126 vessel passages at three low-slope beaches and used multiple logistic regression to discern the significant factors influencing the frequency of stranding. Subyearling Chinook salmon were 82% of the fish stranded over all sites and seasons. Given a low-slope beach, stranding frequencies for juvenile salmon were significantly related to river location, salmon density in the shallows, a proxy for ship kinetic energy, tidal height, and two interactions. The beach types selected for our study do not include all the beach types along the Lower Columbia River so that the stranding probabilities described here cannot be extrapolated river-wide. A more sophisticated modeling effort, informed by additional field data, is needed to assess salmon losses by stranding for the entire lower river. Such modeling needs to include river-scale factors such as beach type, berms, proximity to navigation channel, and perhaps, proximity to tributaries that act as sources of out-migrating juvenile salmon. At both river and beach scales, no one factor produces stranding; rather interactions among several conditions produce a stranding event and give stranding its episodic nature.

Pearson, Walter H.; Skalski, John R.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Questions and Answers - How does the radioactivity of an atom affect the  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

How is radioactivity measured? How is radioactivity measured? Previous Question (How is radioactivity measured?) Questions and Answers Main Index Next Question (Why do we use radioactivity to destroy cancers?) Why do we use radioactivityto destroy cancers? How does the radioactivity of an atom affect the body? You've asked a very broad question, so we'll have to split it up into smaller chunks in order to give you a reasonable answer. This is a topic that is very much misunderstood by most people and it's hard to give a short answer. You may know that all of us have radioactive material in our bodies naturally. There has always been radioactive material on earth (in fact, a million years ago, there was more present than there is today), and people have therefore always been exposed to it. There has also always been cosmic

425

Buildings Energy Data Book: 4.4 Legislation Affecting Energy Consumption of Federal Buildings and Facilities  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

3 3 Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007, Provisions Affecting Energy Consumption in Federal Buildings Source(s): Standard Relating to Solar Hot Water - Requires new Federal buildings, or Federal buildings undergoing major renovations, to meet at least 30 percent of hot water demand through the use of solar hot water heaters, if cost-effective. [Section 523] Federally-Procured Appliances with Standby Power - Requires all Federal agencies to procure appliances with standby power consumption of less than 1 watt, if available and cost-effective. [Section 524] Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007, enacted December 19, 2007 Energy Reduction Goals for Federal Buildings - Amended reduction goals set by the National Energy Conservation Policy Act, and

426

Buildings Energy Data Book: 4.4 Legislation Affecting Energy Consumption of Federal Buildings and Facilities  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

1 1 Energy Policy Act of 2005, Provisions Affecting Energy Consumption in Federal Buildings Source(s): Energy Management Requirements - Amended reduction goals set by the National Energy Conservation Policy Act, and requires increasing percentage reductions in energy consumption through FY 2015, with a final energy consumption reduction goal of 20 percent savings in FY 2015, as compared to the baseline energy consumption of Federal buildings in FY 2003. (These goals were superseded by Section 431 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007.) [Section 102] Energy Use Measurement and Accountability - Requires that all Federal buildings be metered to measure electricity use by 2012. [Section 103] Procurement of Energy Efficient Products - Requires all Federal agencies to procure ENERGY STAR qualified products, for product

427

Interface deformations affect the orientation transition of magnetic ellipsoidal particles adsorbed at fluid-fluid interfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Manufacturing new soft materials with specific optical, mechanical and magnetic properties is a significant challenge. Assembling and manipulating colloidal particles at fluid interfaces is a promising way to make such materials. We use lattice-Boltzmann simulations to investigate the response of magnetic ellipsoidal particles adsorbed at liquid-liquid interfaces to external magnetic fields. We provide further evidence for the first-order orientation phase transition predicted by Bresme and Faraudo [Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 19 (2007), 375110]. We show that capillary interface deformations around the ellipsoidal particle significantly affect the tilt-angle of the particle for a given dipole-field strength, altering the properties of the orientation transition. We propose scaling laws governing this transition, and suggest how to use these deformations to facilitate particle assembly at fluid-fluid interfaces.

Gary B. Davies; Timm Krüger; Peter V. Coveney; Jens Harting; Fernando Bresme

2014-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

428

Total analysis of cooling effects of cross-ventilation affected by microclimate around a building  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study aims to develop a simulation system for evaluating the passive cooling effects, such as cross-ventilation, solar shading by trees, etc. Since the passive cooling effects are strongly affected by the spatial distributions of airflow, air temperature and radiative heat transports around a building, the microclimate around a building should be accurately predicted for this type of simulations. In this study, convective and radiative heat transports around buildings are analyzed by CFD (computational fluid dynamics) and radiation computations. Furthermore, the heat load calculation with the program “TRNSYS” was carried out, using the values of the cross-ventilation rates predicted by CFD computation and incoming solar radiation onto the building walls under the shade of trees obtained by the radiation computation as boundary conditions. Indoor velocity and indoor air temperature obtained by the simulation system developed here showed generally good agreement with measured data.

Akashi Mochida; Hiroshi Yoshino; Satoshi Miyauchi; Teruaki Mitamura

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Continental Shelf processes affecting the oceanography of the South Atlantic Bight  

SciTech Connect

Progress in studies of the physical processes affecting the oceanography of the South Atlantic Bight is reported. NCSU personnel efforts have been focused on processing and analyzing existing data sets as well as planning and preparing for the Georgia Atlantic Bight Experiment (GABEX-1). Three cruises were conducted between June 1979 and February 1980 for the temperature/pressure recording instruments (June to Oct) and for the deployment of the GABEX I and other arrays. The Onslow Bay data sets extend over four years of observations from the mid- and outer-shelf region. Each mooring cruise has been coordinated with similar mooring deployments off Savannah and off Cape Romain with hydrographic cruises and with interdisciplinary cruises following Gulf Stream filaments and involving biological, chemical and physical oceanographers. The current meter data collected in the Carolina Capes is listed. Preprints and reprints are included.

Pietrafesa, L.J.

1980-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

430

Some factors affecting milkfat and protein levels in milk from dairy herds in Central Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/er esrfgeassaa sa the yrs?eia eeAeab et ?ilk s?sl4 be beaetioial so ik?C 4?iris? ?Lyly iaerssse ?r aaiabsia Ihe yr?4aALsa ?t ailh ye?asia frea their her?e~ %his aisle rss as4e ie fares'LigsAO ~ ear1reaaeabal s?4 gsaAie gWdum bh?b asy affect lorsl...? jb3yel, y Ore Ro Oo Bexvg sas Or ~ A 5 Cozoaseag Jr ~ for tbair helyfsl ssggssti~ sae eritioiessi lyycea4atioa is ayressof also ts Or. C Vsaeerssat for his emstsat eoomrayswat saC the see of tbe yereeat aQbfat sse ailb grate%a setae %a Ore 'ti Ce...

Parker, Benedicto Alton

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

431

Longitudinal instabilities affecting the moving critical layer laser-plasma ion accelerators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work we analyze the longitudinal instabilities of propagating acceleration structures that are driven by a relativistically intense laser at the moving plasma critical layer [1]. These instabilities affect the energy-spectra of the accelerated ion-beams in propagating critical layer acceleration schemes [2][3]. Specifically, using analytical theory and PIC simulations we look into three fundamental physical processes and their interplay that are crucial to the understanding of energy spectral control by making the laser-plasma ion accelerators stable. The interacting processes are (i) Doppler-shifted ponderomotive bunching [1][4] (ii) potential quenching by beam-loading [2] and (iii) two-stream instabilities. These phenomenon have been observed in simulations analyzing these acceleration processes [5][6][7]. From the preliminary models and results we present in this work, we can infer measures by which these instabilities can be controlled [8] for improving the energy-spread of the beams.

Sahai, Aakash Ajit

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

An experimental survey of the factors that affect leaching from low-level radioactive waste forms  

SciTech Connect

This report represents the results of an experimental survey of the factors that affect leaching from several types of solidified low-level radioactive waste forms. The goal of these investigations was to determine those factors that accelerate leaching without changing its mechanism(s). Typically, although not in every case,the accelerating factors include: increased temperature, increased waste loading (i.e., increased waste to binder ratio), and decreased size (i.e., decreased waste form volume to surface area ratio). Additional factors that were studied were: increased leachant volume to waste form surface area ratio, pH, leachant composition (groundwaters, natural and synthetic chelating agents), leachant flow rate or replacement frequency and waste form porosity and surface condition. Other potential factors, including the radiation environment and pressure, were omitted based on a survey of the literature. 82 refs., 236 figs., 13 tabs.

Dougherty, D.R.; Pietrzak, R.F.; Fuhrmann, M.; Colombo, P.

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Could Renewable Energy Affect the Form of the City? Case Study on the Wind Energy Considerations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The urbanized surface of the old continents could be double in little more than a century due to the transit of the _world from villages to cities (according to the UN) beside the rapid growing in the world population, these will lead _to large numbers of environmental problems, one of these problems is that the energy consumption per person will _increase so more energy will be produced. [1]^pElectricity from fossil fuels such as oil, coal and natural gas negatively affect the environment at each step from production till consumption, and relaying mainly on these resources of energy to apply this new huge demand will lead to producing more CO2 gas in the atmosphere which will case rising of earth temperature in a rapid rate while electricity generated using sources other than fossil fuel reduces the environmental impacts. Buildings consumes approximately 39% of the energy and 74% of the electricity produced annually in the United States (according to LEED BD+C version 3), and as a rule of thumb the better the energy performance of a building, the fewer greenhouse gases are emitted, So relying on renewable energies to supply urban areas with the power needed is the solution for this problem and is considered an important approach for our cities to be more sustainable. The major shift in the vision of sustainable cities is the potential of buildings to produce energy. This will entail a whole host of solutions (solar, wind power and so forth) that will make cities more interesting as well as sustainable. And in this paper we will try to introduce the main parameters and considerations of these renewable energies specially the wind energy which can affect the form of the city and the important dimensions that should be taken into consideration when designing a new sustainable city.

Tamer Abdel Aziz; Osama Elmassah

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Periadolescent oral manganese exposure affects conditioned place preference by cocaine and conditioned place aversion by lithium chloride in rats  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Manganese neurotoxicity compromises basal ganglia functions that could affect the limbic system and drug sensitivity. Male rats were orally exposed to manganese chloride (0, 100, 200 mg/kg/day Mn) for 15 days starting at postnatal day (PND) 28...

Lee, Samuel Ming Hin

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

435

Affect in Metaphor: Developments with WordNet Tim Rumbell, John Barnden, Mark Lee and Alan Wallington1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wallington1 Abstract. We discuss an aspect of an affect-detection system used in e-drama by intelligent ([13]). We recently conducted a user study of the system 1 University of Birmingham, UK, email: a.m.wallington

Barnden, John A.

436

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect atp-activated p2x7 Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

atp-activated p2x7 Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: affect atp-activated p2x7 Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Cell Tissue Res (2005)...

437

Factors Affecting Biodefluorination of Fluorotelomer Alcohols (FTOHs): Degradative Microorganisms, Transformation Metabolites and Pathways, and Effects of Co-substrates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

responsible for biotransformation of FTOHs. This study deciphered factors affecting biodefluorination of FTOHs and their metabolites, and developed three effective FTOH-degrading consortia. Two alkane-degrading Pseudomonas strains (P. oleovorans and P...

Kim, Myung Hee 1982-

2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

438

Predicting the fate of a living fossil: how will global warming affect sex determination and hatching phenology in tuatara?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of a living fossil: how will global warming affect sex determination and hatching...however, an unlikely response to global warming, as many oviparous species are...species with TSD. climate change|global warming|temperature-dependent sex...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Deforestationdeforestation One of the most notable processes by which humankind has affected the Earth's surface is via the conversion of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Deforestationdeforestation One of the most notable processes by which humankind has affected rates would mean the end of tropical forests within 50 years and therefore the elimination of an area

Lopez-Carr, David

440

Transference effects on student physicians' affective interactions and clinical inferences in interviews with standardized patients: an experimental study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study applied Andersen??s social cognitive paradigm for the experimental study of transference to the problem of understanding transference effects on the affective interactions and clinical inferences of student physicians with standardized...

van Walsum, Kimberly Lynn

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoclusters affects subsequent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Application of a Solar UV/Chlorine Advanced Oxidation Process to Oil Sands Process-Affected Water Remediation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Application of a Solar UV/Chlorine Advanced Oxidation Process to Oil Sands Process-Affected Water Remediation ... † Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Alberta, 9105 116th Street, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2W2 ...

Zengquan Shu; Chao Li; Miodrag Belosevic; James R. Bolton; Mohamed Gamal El-Din

2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

442

Nitrate movement in soils and nitrogen uptake efficiency as affected by nitrogen source, time of application, and a nitrification inhibitor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NITRATE MOVEMENT IN SOILS AND NITROGEN UPTAKE EFFICIENCY AS AFFECTED BY NITROGEN SOURCEs TINE OF APPLICATIONs AIJD A NITRIFICATION INHIBITOR A Thesis by KENNETH PHAIJON BANKS Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&N University..., Norwood silt loam (Typic Udifluvent) and Houston Black clay (Udic Pellustert) to determine the amount of N03-N leaching from various N fertilizer sources. Nitrate N movement, as affected by time of application, was determined for (NHq)2 Sop, urea...

Banks, Kenneth Phanon

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

443

A study of transportation factors affecting the suitability of Houston, Texas, as a wool scouring plant site  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A STUDY OF TRANSPORTATION FACTORS AFFECTING THE SUITABILITY OF HOUSTON, TEXAS AS A WOOL SCOURING PLANT SITE A Thesis By Hoy A. Richards Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1961 Ma)or Sub)ect Economi. cs A STUDY OF TRANSPORTATION FACTORS AFFECTING THE SUITABILITY OF HOUSTON, TEXAS AS A WOOL SCOURING PLANT SITE A Thesis By Hoy A. Richards Approved...

Richards, Hoy Andrew

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

444

Conception rates after artificial insemination as affected by heparin binding protein-B5 in frozen semen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the quality of the population of spermatozoa which is referred to as extrinsic sperm quality, whereas intrinsic sperm quality refers entirely to the quality of the spermatozoan affer penetration of the oocyte has occurred. DeJarnette (1994) characterizes... factors that affect semen quality into two categories, 1) compensable traits- those that affect fertility due to total sperm number in the ejaculate, and 2) uncompensable traits-those that alfect fertility due to poor morphology or other factors...

Harris, Matthew Duncan

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Some genetic and environmental (sic) factors affecting weaning weight and weaning of grade in Angus cattle in South Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SOME GENETIC AND ENVIROMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING WEANING WEIGHT AND WEANING OF GRADE IN ANGUS CATTLE IN SOUTH TEXAS A Thesis by Paige Allan Stasney Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1971 Major Subject: Animal Science SOME GENETIC AND ENVIROMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING WEANING WEIGHT AND WEANING OF GRADE IN ANGUS CATTLE IN SOUTH TEXAS A Thesis by Paige Allan Stasney Approved...

Stasney, Paige Allan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

446

Factors affecting the use of soil conservation practices on non-industrial private forest lands in East Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FACTORS AFFECTING THE USE OF SOIL CONSERVATION PRACTICES ON NON-INDUSTRIAL PRIVATE FOREST LANDS IN EAST TEXAS A Thesis ABEGUNAWARDANA VIDANA GAMAGE P. YASENA Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1983 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics FACTORS AFFECTING THE USE OF SOIL CONSERVATION PRACTICES ON NON-INDUSTRIAL PRIVATE FOREST LANDS IN TEXAS A Thesis ABEGUNAWARDANA VIDANA GAMAGE PIYASENA...

Piyasena, Abegunawardana Vidana Gamage

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Options, knowledge, and satisfaction of Texas residents affected by Edwards Aquifer issues: implications for education and government  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OPINIONS, KNOWLEDGE, AND SATISFACTION OF TEXAS RESIDENTS AFFECTED BY EDWARDS AQUIFER ISSUES: IMPLICATIONS FOR EDUCATION AND GOVERNMENT A Thesis by AMY SUZETTE KINNEY Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... Education ABSTRACT Opinions, Knowledge, and Satisfaction of Texas Residents Affected by Edwards Aquifer Issues: Implications for Education and Government. (December 1994) Amy Suzette Kinney, B. S. , Tarleton State University Chair of Advisory Committee...

Kinney, Amy Suzette

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Quality characteristics of vacuum-packaged beef as affected by postmortem chill, storage temperature and storage interval  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

QUALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF VACUUM-PACKAGED BEEF AS AFFECTED BY POSTMORTEM CHILL, STORAGE TEMPERATURE AND STORAGE INTERVAL A Thesis by SAMMY DENZIL BEEBE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A1IM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the deoree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1975 Major Subject: Animal Science QUALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF VACUUM-PACKAGED BEEF AS AFFECTED BY POSTMORTEM CHILL, STORAGE TEMPERATURE AND STORAGE INTERVAL A Thesis by SAMMY DENZIL BEEBE...

Beebe, Sammy Denzil

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Magnetic fields at resonant conditions for the hydrogen ion affect neurite outgrowth in PC-12 cells: A test of the ion parametric resonance model  

SciTech Connect

PC-12 cells primed with nerve growth factor (NGF) were exposed to sinusoidal extremely-low-frequency (ELF) magnetic fields (MFs) selected to test the predictions of the ion parametric resonance (IPR) model under resonance conditions for a single ion (hydrogen). The authors examined the field effects on the neurite outgrowth (NO) induced by NGF using three different combinations of flux densities of the parallel components of the AC MF (B{sub ac}) and the static MF (B{sub dc}). The first test examined the NO response in cells exposed to 45 Hz at a B{sub dc} of 2.96 {micro}T with resonant conditions for H{sup +} according to the model. The B{sub ac} values ranged from 0.29 to 4.11 {micro}T root-mean-square (rms). In the second test, the MF effects at off-resonance conditions (i.e., no biologically significant ion at resonance) were examined using the frequency of 45 Hz with a B{sub dc} of 1.97 {micro}T and covering a B{sub ac} range between 0.79 and 2.05 {micro}T rms. In the third test, the Ac frequency was changed to 30 Hz with the subsequent change in B{sub dc} to 1.97 {micro}T to tune for H{sup +} as in the first test. The B{sub ac} values ranged from 0.79 to 2.05 {micro}T rms. After a 23 h incubation and exposure to the MF in the presence of NGF (5 ng/ml), the NO was analyzed using a stereoscopic microscope. The results showed that the NGF stimulation of neurite outgrowth (NSNO) was affected by MF combinations over most of the B{sub ac} exposure range generally consistent with the predictions of the IPR model. However, for a distinct range of B{sub ac} where the IPR model predicted maximal ionic influence, the observed pattern of NSNO contrasted sharply with those predictions. The symmetry of this response suggests that values of B{sub ac} within this distinct range may trigger alternate or additional cellular mechanisms that lead to an apparent lack of response to the MF stimulus.

Trillo, M.A.; Ubeda, A. [Hospital Ramon y Cajal, Madrid (Spain). Dept. Investigacion] [Hospital Ramon y Cajal, Madrid (Spain). Dept. Investigacion; Blanchard, J.P. [Bechtel Corp., San Francisco, CA (United States). Research and Development Dept.] [Bechtel Corp., San Francisco, CA (United States). Research and Development Dept.; House, D.E.; Blackman, C.F. [Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States)] [Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States)

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Factors affecting the indoor concentrations of carbonaceous aerosols of outdoor origin  

SciTech Connect

A field study was conducted in an unoccupied single story residence in Clovis, California to provide data to address issues important to assess the indoor exposure to particles of outdoor origin. Measurements of black and organic carbonaceous aerosols were performed using a variety of methods, resulting in both near real-time measurements as well as integrated filter based measurements. Comparisons of the different measurement methods show that it is crucial to account for gas phase adsorption artifacts when measuring organic carbon (OC). Measured concentrations affected by the emissions of organic compounds sorbed to indoor surfaces imply a higher degree of infiltration of outdoor organic carbon aerosols into the indoor environment for our unoccupied house. Analysis of the indoor and outdoor data for black carbon (BC) aerosols show that, on average, the indoor concentration of black carbon aerosols behaves in a similar manner to sulfate aerosols. In contrast, organic carbon aerosols are subject to chemical transformations indoors that, for our unoccupied home, resulted in lower indoor OC concentrations than would be expected by physical loss mechanisms alone. These results show that gas to particle partitioning of organic compounds, as well as gas to surface interactions within the residence, are an important process governing the indoor concentration to OC aerosols of outdoor origin.

Lunden, Melissa M.; Kirchstetter, Thomas W.; Thatcher, Tracy L.; Hering, Susanne V.; Brown, Nancy J.

2007-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

451

Issues affecting the prediction of glass reactivity in an unsaturated environment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Prior to the licensing of a high-level waste repository, the US Department of Energy (DOE) will seek to initiate hot startup of the high-level waste glass processing facilities at Savannah River and West Valley. To provide confidence that issues related to glass reactivity and disposal are evaluated prior to startup, the Environmental Restoration and Waste Management branch of DOE is studying important physical parameters that will affect glass reaction in a repository environment and is developing a modeling approach to predict glass performance. In this report, results are presented comparing the reactivity of fully radioactive glass with simulated glass of the same nominal composition. While differences in elemental releases between the glass types are observed, the differences are moderated with time and can be related to the dominant reaction mechanism. Additionally, the relationship between glass surface area and the volume of leachate (SA/V) is evaluated. The reactivity at differentSA/V is dominated by solution pH and reaction affinity, with an increase in reactivity observed at long reaction times. Finally, data are presented which provide necessary parameters for the application of predictive modeling. In particular, forward reaction rate constants are presented, for a 165-frit based glass and a simple analogue, and a list of secondary phases observed during glass reaction under a variety of conditions is compiled.

J.K. Bates; W.L. Ebert; X. Feng; W.L. Bourcier

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Factors that affect the degradation of naphthenic acids in oil sands wastewater by indigenous microbial communities  

SciTech Connect

The acute toxicity of wastewater generated during the extraction of bitumen from oil sands is believed to be due to naphthenic acids (NAs). To determine the factors that affect the rate of degradation of representative NAs in microcosms containing wastewater and the acute toxicity of treated and untreated wastewater, the effects of temperature, dissolved oxygen concentration, and phosphate addition on the rate of {sup 14}CO{sub 2} release form two representative naphthenic acid substrates, (linear) U-{sup 14}C-palmitic acid (PA) and (bicyclic) decahydro-2-naphthoic acid-8-{sup 14}C (DHNA), were monitored. Tailings pond water (TPW) contained microorganisms well adapted to mineralizing both PA and DHNA:PA was degraded more quickly (10--15% in 4 weeks) compared to DHNA (2--4% in 8 weeks). On addition of phosphate, the rate of NA degradation increased up to twofold in the first 4 weeks, with a concurrent increase in the rate of oxygen consumption by oil sands TPW. The degradation rate then declined to levels equivalent to those measured in flasks without phosphate. The observed plateau was not due to phosphate limitation. Decreases in either the dissolved oxygen concentration or the temperature reduced the rate. Phosphate addition also significantly decreased the acute toxicity of TPW to fathead minnows. In contrast, Microtox{reg_sign} analyses showed no reduction in the toxicity of treated or untreated TPW after incubation for up to 8 weeks at 15 C.

Lai, J.W.S.; Pinto, L.J.; Kiehlmann, E.; Bendell-Young, L.I.; Moore, M.M. [Simon Fraser Univ., Burnaby, British Columbia (Canada)

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

50 Hz sinusoidal magnetic fields do not affect human lymphocyte activation and proliferation in vitro  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the last 30 years, an increasing public concern about the possible harmful effects of electromagnetic fields generated by power lines and domestic appliances has pushed the scientific community to search for a correct and comprehensive answer to this problem. In this work the effects of exposure to 50 Hz sinusoidal magnetic fields, with a magnetic flux density of 0.05 mT and 2.5 mT (peak values), were studied on human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) collected from healthy young and elderly donors. Cell activation and proliferation were investigated by using flow cytometry techniques and 3H-TdR incorporation assays, respectively. The results obtained indicated that exposure to the fields altered neither DNA synthesis nor the capacity of lymphocytes to enter the activation phase and progress into the cell cycle. Thus, the conclusions are that two important functional phases of human lymphocytes, such as activation and proliferation, are not affected by exposures to 50 Hz magnetic fields similar to those found under power lines.

Miriam Capri; Pietro Mesirca; Daniel Remondini; Simona Carosella; Sara Pasi; Gastone Castellani; Claudio Franceschi; Ferdinando Bersani

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

How training and experience affect the benefits of autonomy in a dirty-bomb experiment  

SciTech Connect

A dirty-bomb experiment conducted at the INL is used to evaluate the effectiveness and suitability of three different modes of robot control. The experiment uses three distinct user groups to understand how participants’ background and training affect the way in which they use and benefit from autonomy. The results show that the target mode, which involves automated mapping and plume tracing together with a point and click tasking tool, provides the best performance for each group. This is true for objective performance such as source detection and localization accuracy as well as subjective measures such as perceived workload, frustration and preference. The best overall performance is achieved by the Explosive Ordinance Disposal group which has experience in both robot teleoperation and dirty bomb response. The user group that benefits least from autonomy is the Nuclear Engineers that have no experience with either robot operation or dirty bomb response. The group that benefits most from autonomy is the Weapons of Mass Destruction Civil Response Team that has extensive experience related to the task, but no robot training.

David J. Bruemmer; Curtis W. Nielsen; David I. Gertman

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

A dynamic evolution model of human opinion as affected by advertising  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We propose a new model to investigate the dynamics of human opinion as affected by advertising, based on the main idea of the CODA model and taking into account two practical factors: one is that the marginal influence of an additional friend will decrease with an increasing number of friends; the other is the decline of memory over time. Simulations show several significant conclusions for both advertising agencies and the general public. A small difference of advertising’s influence on individuals or advertising coverage will result in significantly different advertising effectiveness within a certain interval of value. Compared to the value of advertising’s influence on individuals, the advertising coverage plays a more important role due to the exponential decay of memory. Meanwhile, some of the obtained results are in accordance with people’s daily cognition about advertising. The real key factor in determining the success of advertising is the intensity of exchanging opinions, and people’s external actions always follow their internal opinions. Negative opinions also play an important role.

Gui-Xun Luo; Yun Liu; Qing-An Zeng; Su-Meng Diao; Fei Xiong

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Antioxidant metabolism in Xenopus laevis embryos is affected by stratospheric balloon flight  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To test the effects of low levels of radiation from space on living organisms, we flew Xenopus laevis embryos at different stages of development on a stratospheric balloon (BI.R.BA mission). After recovery, different parameters were analyzed to assess the effects of flight, with particular regard to oxidative stress damage. Because of failed temperature control during flight, the flight shielded embryos (FC) could not be used for biochemical or morphological comparisons. In contrast, the incubation conditions (i.e. temperature, containers, volumes) for the flight embryos (F) were parallel to those for the ground controls. Mortality data show that younger embryos (16 h) flown on the balloon (F) are more sensitive to radiation exposure than older ones (40 h and 6 days). Exposure during flight lowered the antioxidant potential in all embryos, particularly older ones. These preliminary data demonstrate that flight on a stratospheric balloon might affect antioxidant metabolism, though it is not yet possible to correlate these results with low radiation exposure during flight.

Angela M. Rizzo; Federica Rossi; Stefania Zava; Gigliola Montorfano; Laura Adorni; Vittorio Cotronei; Alba Zanini; Bruno Berra

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Leading trends in environmental regulation that affect energy development. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Major environmental issues that are likely to affect the implementation of energy technologies between now and the year 2000 are identified and assessed. The energy technologies specifically addressed are: oil recovery and processing; gas recovery and processing; coal liquefaction; coal gasification (surface); in situ coal gasification; direct coal combustion; advanced power systems; magnetohydrodynamics; surface oil shale retorting; true and modified in situ oil shale retorting; geothermal energy; biomass energy conversion; and nuclear power (fission). Environmental analyses of these technologies included, in addition to the main processing steps, the complete fuel cycle from resource extraction to end use. A comprehensive survey of the environmental community (including environmental groups, researchers, and regulatory agencies) was carried out in parallel with an analysis of the technologies to identify important future environmental issues. Each of the final 20 issues selected by the project staff has the following common attributes: consensus of the environmental community that the issue is important; it is a likely candidate for future regulatory action; it deals with a major environmental aspect of energy development. The analyses of the 20 major issues address their environmental problem areas, current regulatory status, and the impact of future regulations. These analyses are followed by a quantitative assessment of the impact on energy costs and nationwide pollutant emissions of possible future regulations. This is accomplished by employing the Strategic Environmental Assessment System (SEAS) for a subset of the 20 major issues. The report concludes with a more general discussion of the impact of environmental regulatory action on energy development.

Steele, R V; Attaway, L D; Christerson, J A; Kikel, D A; Kuebler, J D; Lupatkin, B M; Liu, C S; Meyer, R; Peyton, T O; Sussin, M H

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Factors Affecting the Hydrogen Environment Assisted Cracking Resistance of an AL-Zn-Mg-(Cu) Alloy  

SciTech Connect

Precipitation hardenable Al-Zn-Mg alloys are susceptible to hydrogen environment assisted cracking (HEAC) when exposed to aqueous environments. In Al-Zn-Mg-Cu alloys, overaged tempers are used to increase HEAC resistance at the expense of strength but overaging has little benefit in low copper alloys. However, the mechanism or mechanisms by which overaging imparts HEAC resistance is poorly understood. The present research investigated hydrogen uptake, diffusion, and crack growth rate in 90% relative humidity (RH) air for both a commercial copper bearing Al-Zn-Mg-Cu alloy (AA 7050) and a low copper variant of this alloy in order to better understand the factors which affect HEAC resistance. Experimental methods used to evaluate hydrogen concentrations local to a surface and near a crack tip include nuclear reaction analysis (NRA), focused ion beam, secondary ion mass spectroscopy (FIB/SIMS) and thermal desorption spectroscopy (TDS). Results show that overaging the copper bearing alloys both inhibits hydrogen ingress from oxide covered surfaces and decreases the apparent hydrogen diffusion rates in the metal.

G.A. Young; J.R. Scully

2002-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

459

Cognitive objectives vs Affective objectives in Sustainability curriculum In exploring for the general goals of an academic program in sustainability, even if only  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cognitive objectives vs Affective objectives in Sustainability curriculum In exploring to follow Bloom's distinction between cognitive objectives and affective objectives: Remember: Demonstrate goals, while England chooses language to emphasize cognitive learning goals. Australia: Understand

Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

460

Novel technologies for microalgae cultivation and subsequent lipid extraction.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??World economy is strictly linked to the availability of fossil fuels, which nowadays meet the world’s growing energy demand. However, the intensive exploitation of fossil… (more)

Steriti, Alberto

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoclusters affects subsequent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Norepinephrine-mediated emotional arousal facilitates subsequent pattern separation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AB, Hudgens GA. Salivary alpha-amylase as a measure ofG, Nater U. Salivary alpha-amylase levels after yohimbineWolf OT. Salivary alpha-amylase as a marker for adrenergic

Segal, Sabrina K.; Stark, Shauna M.; Kattan, David; Stark, Craig E.; Yassa, Michael A.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Method for preconcentrating a sample for subsequent analysis  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for analysis of trace concentration of contaminants in air includes a portable liquid chromatograph and a preconcentrator for the contaminants to be analyzed. The preconcentrator includes a sample bag having an inlet valve and an outlet valve for collecting an air sample. When the sample is collected the sample bag is connected in series with a sorbing apparatus in a recirculation loop. The sorbing apparatus has an inner gas-permeable container containing a sorbent material and an outer gas-impermeable container. The sample is circulated through the outer container and around the inner container for trapping and preconcentrating the contaminants in the sorbent material. The sorbent material may be a liquid having the same composition as the mobile phase of the chromatograph for direct injection thereinto. Alternatively, the sorbent material may be a porous, solid body, to which mobile phase liquid is added after preconcentration of the contaminants for dissolving the contaminants, the liquid solution then being withdrawn for injection into the chromatograph.

Zaromb, Solomon (Hinsdale, IL)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Plutonium Oxidation and Subsequent Reduction by Mn (IV) Minerals  

SciTech Connect

Plutonium sorbed to rock tuff was preferentially associated with manganese oxides. On tuff and synthetic pyrolusite (Mn{sup IV}O{sub 2}), Pu(IV) or Pu(V) was initially oxidized, but over time Pu(IV) became the predominant oxidation state of sorbed Pu. Reduction of Pu(V/VI), even on non-oxidizing surfaces, is proposed to result from a lower Gibbs free energy of the hydrolyzed Pu(IV) surface species versus that of the Pu(V) or Pu(VI) surface species. This work suggests that despite initial oxidation of sorbed Pu by oxidizing surfaces to more soluble forms, the less mobile form of Pu, Pu(IV), will dominate Pu solid phase speciation during long term geologic storage. The safe design of a radioactive waste or spent nuclear fuel geologic repository requires a risk assessment of radionuclides that may potentially be released into the surrounding environment. Geochemical knowledge of the radionuclide and the surrounding environment is required for predicting subsurface fate and transport. Although difficult even in simple systems, this task grows increasingly complicated for constituents, like Pu, that exhibit complex environmental chemistries. The environmental behavior of Pu can be influenced by complexation, precipitation, adsorption, colloid formation, and oxidation/reduction (redox) reactions (1-3). To predict the environmental mobility of Pu, the most important of these factors is Pu oxidation state. This is because Pu(IV) is generally 2 to 3 orders of magnitude less mobile than Pu(V) in most environments (4). Further complicating matters, Pu commonly exists simultaneously in several oxidation states (5, 6). Choppin (7) reported Pu may exist as Pu(IV), Pu(V), or Pu(VI) oxic natural groundwaters. It is generally accepted that plutonium associated with suspended particulate matter is predominantly Pu(IV) (8-10), whereas Pu in the aqueous phase is predominantly Pu(V) (2, 11-13). The influence of the character of Mn-containing minerals expected to be found in subsurface repository environments on Pu oxidation state distributions has been the subject of much recent research. Kenney-Kennicutt and Morse (14), Duff et al. (15), and Morgenstern and Choppin (16) observed oxidation of Pu facilitated by Mn(IV)-bearing minerals. Conversely, Shaughnessy et al. (17) used X-ray Absorption near-edge spectroscopy (XANES) to show reduction of Pu(VI) by hausmannite (Mn{sup II}Mn{sub 2}{sup III}O{sub 4}) and manganite ({gamma}-Mn{sup III}OOH) and Kersting et al., (18) observed reduction of Pu(VI) by pyrolusite (Mn{sup IV}O{sub 2}). In this paper, we attempt to reconcile the apparently conflicting datasets by showing that Mn-bearing minerals can indeed oxidize Pu, however, if the oxidized species remains on the solid phase, the oxidation step competes with the formation of Pu(IV) that becomes the predominant solid phase Pu species with time. The experimental approach we took was to conduct longer term (approximately two years later) oxidation state analyses on the Pu sorbed to Yucca Mountain tuff (initial analysis reported by Duff et al., (15)) and measure the time-dependant changes in the oxidation state distribution of Pu in the presence of the Mn mineral pyrolusite.

KAPLAN, DANIEL

2005-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

464

Salvage logging and forest renewal affect early aspen stand structure after catastrophic wind  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Among the major natural disturbances that occur in the North American boreal forest, the effects of catastrophic wind are the least studied due to its infrequent occurrence, often in inaccessible areas, and lack of rapid research response. Most documented studies have been conducted in conifer or mixedwood forests and generally have not considered follow up forest renewal operations such as salvage logging followed by planting and tending. In 2006 after a severe wind disturbance in trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.) forest in northeastern Ontario, we established an operational study to investigate the effects of post-wind disturbance treatments on stand structure (residual live trees, snags, and downed wood) and early forest regeneration. The treatments were blowdown (B), blowdown followed by salvage logging (BS), blowdown followed by salvage logging, windrowing and planting (BSP), BSP followed by aerial spray (tending) with glyphosate 1 year after planting (BSPT), and clearcut (C). The operational salvage logging removed about 55% of the 60 m3 ha?1 of the snags and 15% of the 390 m3 ha?1 of the coarse downed wood. The relatively low rate of salvage removal increased the abundance (density and stocking) of aspen regeneration and reduced moss cover, but did not affect average height of aspen suckers or the abundance (cover) of other vegetation types. The mechanical operations damaged much of the advanced growth of conifers (mostly black spruce and balsam fir (Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.) released by the wind. However, these stems were not sufficiently abundant to contribute significantly to the regenerating forest. Windrowing before planting slightly reduced the amount of area covered by downed wood, while the tending reduced broadleaf regeneration and the abundance of shrubs and increased conifer regeneration and the abundance of grasses. If the management objective is to renew aspen forests lost to catastrophic wind, salvage logging is a viable option to clear the site for regeneration. Forest renewal treatments, including planting and tending, are required when the management objective is conifer regeneration.

Rongzhou Man; Han Y.H. Chen; Andrew Schafer

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Hydrogeologic factors affecting cavern morphology within rocks of Mississippian age in northwestern Arkansas  

SciTech Connect

Cavern development within rocks of Mississippian age in northwestern Arkansas is associated with two Pleistocene erosional features, the Boston Mountains Plateau and the Springfield Plateau. Each plateau is characterized by a distinct stratigraphic sequence with unique lithologies. Cavern morphology (both cross-sectional and planimetric) in each plateau is the result of the complex interaction of numerous hydrogeologic factors. Four of the most dominant factors which affect cavern morphology appear to be: (1) composition and continuity of the confining units; (2) percentage of noncarbonate components in rocks of the cavern-forming interval; (3) nature and distribution of ground-water recharge to the cavern-forming interval; and (4) nature and distribution of fractures within the cavern-forming interval. Network maze patterns typically develop in the Pitkin Limestone, the formation in which most caverns form beneath the Boston Mountains Plateau. The Pitkin, a bioclastic limestone, is confined above by siltstones of the Cane Hill member of the Hale Formation and below by shales of the Fayetteville Formation. The maze pattern indicates that these caverns probably were formed by dissolution of the rock matrix by diffuse recharge moving vertically through leaky confining units. Single rooms are the dominant cavern morphology in the chert-dominated Boone Formation of the Springfield Plateau. Where the concentration of chert is greater than 50 percent, the Boone lacks structural integrity and fails to develop well-integrated conduit networks. Point recharge features in outcrop areas of the Boone Formation are not visible in most of the Springfield Plateau because the insoluble residuum masks the upper bedrock surface. Where the Boone Formation is less than 7 meters thick, surface karst features are more prevalent.

Fanning, B.J. (Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR (United States). Dept. of Geology); Brahana, J.V. (Univ. of Arkansas , Fayetteville, AR (United States). Geological Survey)

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Factors that affect fracture fluid clean-up and pressure buildup test results in tight gas reservoirs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FACTORS THAT AFFECT FRACTURE FLUID CLEAN-UP AND PRESSURE BUILDUP TEST RESULTS IN TIGHT GAS RESERVOIRS A Thesis KEVIN TODD MONTGOMERY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1990 Major Subject: Petroleum Engineering FACTORS THAT AFFECT FRACTURE FLUID CLEAN-UP AND PRESSURE BUILDUP TEST RESULTS IN TIGHT GAS RESERVOIRS A Thesis KEVIN TODD MONTGOMERY Approved as to style and content by: S...

Montgomery, Kevin Todd

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Small-scale turbulence affects the division rate and morphology of two red-tide dinoflagellates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effects of small-scale turbulence on two species of dinoflagellates were examined in cultures where the turbulent forces came randomly from all directions and were intermittent both spatially and temporally; much like small-scale turbulence in the ocean. With Lingulodinium polyedrum (Stein) Dodge (syn. Gonyaulax polyedra), division rate increased linearly (from ?0.35 to 0.5 per day) and the mean cross-sectional area (CSA) decreased linearly (from ?1100 to 750 ?m2) as a function of the logarithmic increase in turbulence energy dissipation rate (?). These effects were noted when ? values increased between ?10?8 and 10?4 m2 s?3. However, when ? increased to ?10?3 m2 s?3, division rate sharply decreased and mean CSA increased. Over the same range of ?, Alexandrium catenella (Wheedon and Kofoid) Balech had its division rate decrease linearly (from ?0.6 to 0.45 per day) and its CSA increase linearly (from ?560 to 650 ?m2) as a function of the logarithmic increase in ?. Even at the highest ? examined (?10?3 m2 s?3), which may be unrealistically high for their ambits, both L. polyedra and A. catenella still had fairly high division rates, ?0.2 and 0.45 per day, respectively. Turbulence strongly affected chain formation in A. catenella. In non-turbulent cultures, the mode was single cells (80–90% of the population), but at ? of ?10?5 to 10?4 m2 s?3, the mode was 8 cells per chain. At the highest ? (?10?3 m2 s?3), the mode decreased to 4 cells per chain. The vertical distributions of A. catenella populations in relation to hydrographic flow fields were studied in the summers of 1997 and 1998 in East Sound, Washington, USA (latitude 48°39?N, 122°53?W). In both summers, high concentrations of A. catenella were found as a subsurface bloom in a narrow depth interval (?2 m), where both current shear and turbulence intensity were at a minimum. Other researchers have shown that A. catenella orients its swimming in shear flows, and that swimming speed increases with chain length. These responses, when combined with our observations, support a hypothesis that A. catenella actively concentrates at depths with low turbulence and shear.

James M Sullivan; Elijah Swift; Percy L Donaghay; Jan E.B Rines

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Bilateral implant reconstruction does not affect the quality of postmastectomy radiation therapy  

SciTech Connect

To determine if the presence of bilateral implants, in addition to other anatomic and treatment-related variables, affects coverage of the target volume and dose to the heart and lung in patients receiving postmastectomy radiation therapy (PMRT). A total of 197 consecutive women with breast cancer underwent mastectomy and immediate tissue expander (TE) placement, with or without exchange for a permanent implant (PI) before radiation therapy at our center. PMRT was delivered with 2 tangential beams + supraclavicular lymph node field (50 Gy). Patients were grouped by implant number: 51% unilateral (100) and 49% bilateral (97). The planning target volume (PTV) (defined as implant + chest wall + nodes), heart, and ipsilateral lung were contoured and the following parameters were abstracted from dose-volume histogram (DVH) data: PTV D{sub 95%} > 98%, Lung V{sub 20}Gy > 30%, and Heart V{sub 25}Gy > 5%. Univariate (UVA) and multivariate analyses (MVA) were performed to determine the association of variables with these parameters. The 2 groups were well balanced for implant type and volume, internal mammary node (IMN) treatment, and laterality. In the entire cohort, 90% had PTV D{sub 95%} > 98%, indicating excellent coverage of the chest wall. Of the patients, 27% had high lung doses (V{sub 20}Gy > 30%) and 16% had high heart doses (V{sub 25}Gy > 5%). No significant factors were associated with suboptimal PTV coverage. On MVA, IMN treatment was found to be highly associated with high lung and heart doses (both p < 0.0001), but implant number was not (p = 0.54). In patients with bilateral implants, IMN treatment was the only predictor of dose to the contralateral implant (p = 0.001). In conclusion, bilateral implants do not compromise coverage of the target volume or increase lung and heart dose in patients receiving PMRT. The most important predictor of high lung and heart doses in patients with implant-based reconstruction, whether unilateral or bilateral, is treatment of the IMNs. Refinement of radiation techniques in reconstructed patients who require comprehensive nodal irradiation is warranted.

Ho, Alice Y., E-mail: hoa1234@mskcc.org [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Patel, Nisha [Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Ohri, Nisha [Department of Radiation Oncology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY (United States); Morrow, Monica [Department of Surgery, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Mehrara, Babak J.; Disa, Joseph J.; Cordeiro, Peter G. [Department of Plastic Surgery, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Shi, Weiji; Zhang, Zhigang [Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Gelblum, Daphna [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Nerbun, Claire T.; Woch, Katherine M.; Ballangrud, Ase [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); McCormick, Beryl; Powell, Simon N. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States)

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Replacement of Val3 in Human Thymidylate Synthase Affects Its Kinetic Properties and Intracellular Stability  

SciTech Connect

Human and other mammalian thymidylate synthase (TS) enzymes have an N-terminal extension of {approx}27 amino acids that is not present in bacterial TSs. The extension, which is disordered in all reported crystal structures of TSs, has been considered to play a primary role in protein turnover but not in catalytic activity. In mammalian cells, the variant V3A has a half-life similar to that of wild-type human TS (wt hTS) while V3T is much more stable; V3L, V3F, and V3Y have half-lives approximately half of that for wt hTS. Catalytic turnover rates for most Val3 mutants are only slightly diminished, as expected. However, two mutants, V3L and V3F, have strongly compromised dUMP binding, with K{sub m,app} values increased by factors of 47 and 58, respectively. For V3L, this observation can be explained by stabilization of the inactive conformation of the loop of residues 181-197, which prevents substrate binding. In the crystal structure of V3L, electron density corresponding to a leucine residue is present in a position that stabilizes the loop of residues 181-197 in the inactive conformation. Since this density is not observed in other mutants and all other leucine residues are ordered in this structure, it is likely that this density represents Leu3. In the crystal structure of a V3F {center_dot} FdUMP binary complex, the nucleotide is bound in an alternative mode to that proposed for the catalytic complex, indicating that the high K{sub m,app} value is caused not by stabilization of the inactive conformer but by substrate binding in a nonproductive, inhibitory site. These observations show that the N-terminal extension affects the conformational state of the hTS catalytic region. Each of the mechanisms leading to the high K{sub m,app} values can be exploited to facilitate design of compounds acting as allosteric inhibitors of hTS.

Huang, Xiao; Gibson, Lydia M.; Bell, Brittnaie J.; Lovelace, Leslie L.; Pea, Maria Marjorette O.; Berger, Franklin G.; Berger, Sondra H.; Lebioda, Lukasz (SC)

2010-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

470

Factors Affecting the Hydrogen Environment Assisted Cracking Resistance of an Al-Zn-Mg-(Cu) Alloy  

SciTech Connect

It is well established that Al-Zn-Mg-(Cu) aluminum alloys are susceptible to hydrogen environment assisted cracking (HEAC) when exposed to aqueous environments. In Al-Zn-Mg-Cu alloys, overaged tempers are commonly used to increase HEAC resistance at the expense of strength. Overaging has little benefit in low copper alloys. However, the mechanism or mechanisms by which overaging imparts HEAC resistance is poorly understood. The present research investigated hydrogen uptake, diffusion, and crack growth rate in 90% relative humidity (RH) air for both a commercial copper bearing Al-Zn-Mg-Cu alloy (AA 7050) and a low copper variant of this alloy in order to better understand the factors which affect HEAC resistance. Experimental methods used to evaluate hydrogen concentrations local to a surface and near a crack tip include nuclear reaction analysis (NRA), focused ion beam, secondary ion mass spectroscopy (FIB/SIMS) and thermal desorption spectroscopy (TDS). When freshly bared coupons of AA 7050 are exposed to 90 C, 90% RH air, hydrogen ingress follows inverse-logarithmic-type kinetics and is equivalent for underaged (HEAC susceptible) and overaged (HEAC resistant) tempers. However, when the native oxide is allowed to form (24 hrs in 25 C, 40% RH lab air) prior to exposure to 90 C, 90% RH air, underaged alloy shows significantly greater hydrogen ingress than the overaged alloy. Humid air is a very aggressive environment producing local ({approx}1{micro}m) hydrogen concentrations in excess of 10,000 wt. ppm at 90 C. In the copper bearing alloy, overaging also effects the apparent diffusivity of hydrogen. As AA 7050 is aged from underaged {yields} peak aged {yields} overaged, the activation energy for hydrogen diffusion increases and the apparent diffusivity for hydrogen decreases, In the low copper alloy, overaging has little effect on hydrogen diffusion. Comparison of the apparent activation energies for hydrogen diffusion and for K independent (stage II) crack growth rate in 90% RH air between 25 and 90 C indicates that hydrogen transport kinetics are responsible for the decreased crack growth rate of overaged AA 7050 relative to the peak aged temper.

G.A. Young; J.R. Scully

2001-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

471

Constitutive Expression of a High-Affinity Sulfate Transporter in Indian Mustard Affects Metal Tolerance and Accumulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a gene that confers enhanced metal translocation or tolerance. TOXIC METALS and metalloids of heavy metals there is an increased demand for reduced S compounds like GSH and PCs, and genes involvedConstitutive Expression of a High-Affinity Sulfate Transporter in Indian Mustard Affects Metal

472

How Robots' Questions Affect the Accuracy of the Human Responses Stephanie Rosenthal, Anind K. Dey, Manuela Veloso  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

How Robots' Questions Affect the Accuracy of the Human Responses Stephanie Rosenthal, Anind K. Dey}@cs.cmu.edu Abstract-- Asking questions is an inevitable part of collabora- tive interactions between humans and robots. However, robotics novices may have difficulty answering the robots' questions if they do not understand

McLaren, Bruce Martin

473

Spodosol Development as Affected by Geomorphic Aspect, Baraga County, Michigan Robert V. Hunckler and Randall J. Schaetzl*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spodosol Development as Affected by Geomorphic Aspect, Baraga County, Michigan Robert V. Hunckler aspect on soil development in BaragaCounty,Michigan, as a means of explainingwithin-landform variability unaffected by this shading phenomenon because solar radiation is re- ceived from angles both north and south

Schaetzl, Randall

474

Abstract--Over four million Americans are affected by stroke. Current theories of stroke rehabilitation point towards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract--Over four million Americans are affected by stroke. Current theories of stroke program reorganization and partial function restoration. A home system for stroke rehabilitation to train and neuroscience with information technology to create a home based application for stroke rehabilitation. One

Durfee, William K.

475

UreaFormaldehyde-Resin Gel Time As Affected by the pH Value, Solid Content, and Catalyst  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Urea­Formaldehyde-Resin Gel Time As Affected by the pH Value, Solid Content, and Catalyst Cheng to investigate the effects of the resin solid content, catalyst content, and pH value obtained by the addition of two kinds of catalysts on the gel time of a urea­formaldehyde (UF) resin. Upon the addition

Wang, Siqun

476

FACTORS AFFECTING THE SUSTAINABILITY OF RURAL WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS: THE CASE OF MECHA WOREDA, AMHARA REGION, ETHIOPIA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are used: shallow dug wells, spring and deep wells. A survey was carried out with 160 household in 16 waterFACTORS AFFECTING THE SUSTAINABILITY OF RURAL WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS: THE CASE OF MECHA WOREDA, AMHARA REGION, ETHIOPIA A Project Paper Presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School of Cornell

Walter, M.Todd

477

School of Animal, Rural and Environmental Sciences An investigation into factors affecting elephant welfare in UK zoos  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

School of Animal, Rural and Environmental Sciences An investigation into factors affecting elephant welfare in UK zoos A DEFRA-commissioned study to assess the `Welfare, Housing and Husbandry of Elephants in UK Zoos` identified areas for improvement relating to the continued maintenance of elephants in UK

Evans, Paul

478

Mobilisation of arsenic from bauxite residue (red mud) affected soils: Effect of pH and redox conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

). Typically, it comprises residual iron oxides, quartz, sodium aluminosilicates, titanium dioxide, calciumMobilisation of arsenic from bauxite residue (red mud) affected soils: Effect of pH and redox elements, including arsenic. Aerobic and anaer- obic batch experiments were prepared using soils from near

Burke, Ian

479

Positive affect predicting worker psychological response to cyber-bullying in the high-tech industry in Northern Taiwan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Online cyber-bullying has become a frequent occurrence in organizations. To understand individual dispositions and the organizational factors that effect online cyber-bullying, the present study investigates the relationship among positive affect, the ... Keywords: Cyber-bullying, Organizational innovation climate, Positive thinking, Psychological response, Workplace bullying

Jon-Chao Hong; Lin Chien-Hou; Ming-Yueh Hwang; Ru-Ping Hu; Yi-Ling Chen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Low-temperature TiO2 Films for Dye-sensitized Solar Cells: Factors Affecting Energy Conversion Efficiency  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Low-temperature TiO2 Films for Dye-sensitized Solar Cells: Factors Affecting Energy Conversion Efficiency ... The difference in short-circuit current is a factor of 2.2 with the Ru-based dye N719 and is 3.5 with the organic dye D5. ...

Alexander G. Agrios; Anders Hagfeldt

2008-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoclusters affects subsequent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

LOOK FOR THE SIGNATURE 1 Look for the Signature: How the Infusion of Personal Signatures Affects Product Evaluations and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LOOK FOR THE SIGNATURE 1 Look for the Signature: How the Infusion of Personal Signatures Affects Product Evaluations and Purchase Behavior Abstract Brand managers often infuse personal signatures. The infusion of a personal signature into marketing stimuli thus influences consumption behavior by (1

Shyu, Mei-Ling

482

Metal contamination of soils and crops affected by the Chenzhou lead/zinc mine spill (Hunan, China)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Metal contamination of soils and crops affected by the Chenzhou lead/zinc mine spill (Hunan, China Avenue Edouard Belin, 31400 Toulouse, France b Department of Environmental Science, Hunan Agricultural polluted with As, Cd, Zn, Pb and Cu. The contamination levels were in the order of GYBNSZYNJTC showing

Mailhes, Corinne

483

Abstract--The reliability and quality of power distribution systems are usually affected by many different distribution faults.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Abstract--The reliability and quality of power distribution systems are usually affected by many different distribution faults. Tree-caused faults are one of the major fault causes. In this paper, four to analyze the characteristics of tree-caused distribution faults. This paper also uses statistical

Chow, Mo-Yuen

484

OPERATIONAL AND COMPOSITIONAL FACTORS THAT AFFECT THE PERFORMANCE PROPERTIES OF ARP/MCU SALTSTONE GROUT  

SciTech Connect

The Saltstone Production Facility (SPF) receives low level waste (LLW) salt solution from Tank 50H for treatment and disposal. Tank 50H receives transfers from the Effluent Treatment Project (ETP), the H-Canyon General Purpose Evaporator, and the Actinide Removal Process/Modular Caustic Side Solvent Extraction Unit (ARP/MCU) Decontaminated Salt Solution Hold Tank (DSS-HT). At the SPF, the LLW is mixed with premix (a cementitious mixture of portland cement (PC), blast furnace slag (BFS) and Class F fly ash (FA)) in a Readco mixer to produce fresh (uncured) saltstone that is transferred to the Saltstone Disposal Facility (SDF) vaults. The saltstone formulation (mix design) must produce a grout waste form that meets both placement and performance properties. In previous simulated saltstone studies, multiple compositional factors were identified that drive the performance properties of saltstone made from the projected ARP/MCU salt solution. This composition was selected as salt solution simulant since ARP/MCU is the primary influent into Tank 50H. The primary performance property investigated was hydraulic conductivity since it is a variable input property to the saltstone Performance Assessment (PA) transport model. In addition, the porosity, also referred to as void structure, is another variable that impacts the PA response. In addition, Young's modulus and cured density are other performance properties analyzed in this report; however they are indicators of the performance of saltstone and not direct inputs into the PA. The data from previous studies showed that the largest impact on the performance properties of saltstone was due to curing temperature, followed by aluminate concentration in the salt solution, water to premix ratio and premix composition. However, due to the scope of the previous studies, only a few mixes were cured and analyzed at higher temperatures. The samples cured at 60 C had an increased hydraulic conductivity of approximately 600 times that of the sample cured at room temperature. The hydration reactions initiated during the mixing of the premix and salt solution continue during the curing period in the vaults to produce the hardened waste form product. The heat generated from exothermic hydration reactions results in a temperature increase in the vaults that depends on the composition of the decontaminated salt solution being dispositioned, the grout formulation (mix design) and the pour frequency and volume. This heat generation is a contributing factor to the temperature increase in the vaults that leads to an increased cure temperature for the grout. This report will further investigate the impact of curing temperature on saltstone performance properties (hydraulic conductivity, Young's modulus, porosity, etc.) over a range of aluminate concentration, water to premix (w/p) ratio and weight percent fly ash in the premix processed at the SPF. The three curing temperatures selected for this study were chosen to provide data at fixed cure temperatures that represent measured temperatures in the SDF vaults. This does not represent the conditions in the vault where the temperature of the saltstone is continually changing with time. For example, it may take several days for the saltstone to reach 60 C at a given elevation. Previous results demonstrated that the rates at which a selected curing temperature is reached affect the performance properties. The approach taken in this task, a rapid increase to the curing temperature, may be conservative with respect to decreased performance. Nevertheless, the data will provide a basis from which to determine the impact of curing temperature on saltstone performance as a function of key variables. A statistical evaluation of the results for these mixes will be performed to provide the range, and associated uncertainties, of hydraulic conductivity and other properties over this factor space.

Reigel, M.; Edwards, T.; Pickenheim, B.

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

485

Quantitative Trait Loci Affecting Milk Yield and Protein Percentage in a Three-Country Brown Swiss Population  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping projects have been implemented mainly in the Holstein dairy cattle breed for several traits. The aim of this study is to map QTL for milk yield (MY) and milk protein percent (PP) in the Brown Swiss cattle populations of Austria, Germany, and Italy, considered in this study as a single population. A selective DNA pooling approach using milk samples was applied to map QTL in 10 paternal half-sib daughter families with offspring spanning from 1,000 to 3,600 individuals per family. Three families were sampled in Germany, 3 in Italy, 1 in Austria and 3 jointly in Austria and Italy. The pools comprised the 200 highest and 200 lowest performing daughters, ranked by dam-corrected estimated breeding value for each sire-trait combination. For each tail, 2 independent pools, each of 100 randomly chosen daughters, were constructed. Sire marker allele frequencies were obtained by densitometry and shadow correction analyses of 172 genome-wide allocated autosomal markers. Particular emphasis was placed on Bos taurus chromosomes 3, 6, 14, and 20. Marker association for MY and PP with a 10% false discovery rate resulted in nominal P-values of 0.071 and 0.073 for MY and PP, respectively. Sire marker association tested at a 20% false discovery rate (within significant markers) yielded nominal P-values of 0.031 and 0.036 for MY and PP, respectively. There were a total of 36 significant markers for MY, 33 for PP, and 24 for both traits; 75 markers were not significant for any of the traits. Of the 43 QTL regions found in the present study, 10 affected PP only, 8 affected MY only, and 25 affected MY and PP. Remarkably, all 8 QTL regions that affected only MY in the Brown Swiss, also affected MY in research reported in 3 Web-based QTL maps used for comparison with the findings of this study (http://www.vetsci.usyd.edu.au/reprogen/QTL_Map/; http://www.animalgenome.org/QTLdb/cattle.html; http://bovineqtl.tamu.edu/). Similarly, all 10 QTL regions in the Brown Swiss that affected PP only, affected only PP in the databases. Thus, many QTL appear to be common to Brown Swiss and other breeds in the databases (mainly Holstein), and an appreciable fraction of QTL appears to affect MY or PP primarily or exclusively, with little or no effect on the other trait. Although QTL information available today in the Brown Swiss population can be utilized only in a within family marker-assisted selection approach, knowledge of QTL segregating in the whole population should boost gene identification and ultimately the implementation and efficiency of an individual genomic program.

A. Bagnato; F. Schiavini; A. Rossoni; C. Maltecca; M. Dolezal; I. Medugorac; J. Sölkner; V. Russo; L. Fontanesi; A. Friedmann; M. Soller; E. Lipkin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Factors affecting the adoption or acceptance of internet banking services: a review and analysis of past research  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Extensive review of literature shows that there is scarcity of facts related to retaining the old customers of internet banking and acquisition of new customers. This study is conducted to examine the trend of internet banking usage, its attributes and various factors affecting its adoption. The aim of this paper is to present the managers view along with the customer's view in internet banking and services to reduce the gap between customer's perceptions and manager's perceptions regarding factors affecting adoption of internet banking. This paper provides an insight into the key factors such as security, reliability, accessibility, availability, and cost, etc. used by researchers that should be kept in mind by customers before selecting particular internet banking services. These findings will be useful for new researchers who want to explore new dimensions in this field along with reducing the cost of customer acquisition, provide better service quality and higher customer retention rate.

Vaibhav Mishra; Vrijendra Singh

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Geochemical factors affecting radionuclide transport through near and far fields at a Low-Level Waste Disposal Site  

SciTech Connect

The concentration of low-level waste (LLW) contaminants in groundwater is determined by the amount of contaminant present in the solid waste, rate of release from the waste and surrounding barriers, and a number of geochemical processes including adsorption, desorption, diffusion, precipitation, and dissolution. To accurately predict radionuclide transport through the subsurface, it is essential that the important geochemical processes affecting radionuclide transport be identified and, perhaps more importantly, accurately quantified and described in a mathematically defensible manner.

Kaplan, D.I.; Seme, R.J. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Piepkho, M.G. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Risk factors associated with interherd transmission of Brucella abortus and their impact on detection of affected cattle herds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by CARLTON DIX HARRELL Approved as to style and content by: Richard P Crawford (Chair of Committee) aymond A. Dietrich (Member) Ernest E. Davis (Member) Gerald R. Bratton (Head of Department) December 1991 ABSTRACT Risk Factors Associated... With Interherd Transmission Of Brucella abortus And Their Impact On Detection Of Affected Cattle Herds. (December 1991) Carlton Dix Harrell, A. A. , Chipola Junior College; B. S. , University of Florida; D. V. M. , Auburn University Chair of Advisory...

Harrell, Carlton Dix

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

489

Cowpea ratooning as affected by cultivar, cutting height, and time of cutting and its effect on nitrogen fixation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COWPEA RATOONING AS AFFECIZD BY CULTIVAR, CWRITING HEIGHT, AND TIME OF CUTTING AND ITS EFFECT ON NITROGEN FIXATION A Thesis by DOUGLAS CHARLES SCHEURING Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1990 Major Subject: Horticulture COWPEA RATOONING AS AFFECTED BY CULTIVAR, CUTTING HEIGHT, AND TIME OF CUTTING AND ITS EFFECT ON NITROGEN FIXATION A Thesis by DOUGLAS CHARLES...

Scheuring, Douglas Charles

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

490

Women's reactions to dominant and Agreeable men: how are initial judgements of attraction affected by peer discussion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WOMEN'S REACTIONS TO DOMINANT AND AGREEABLE MEN: HOW ARE INITIAL JUDGMENTS OF ATTRACTION AFFECTED BY PEER DISCUSSION A Senior Honors Thesis By CYNTHIA MARIA DEAN Submitted to the Office of Honors Programs 4 Academic Scholarships Texas A 8c M... A Senior Honors Thesis By CYNTHIA MARIA DEAN Submitted to the Office of Honors Programs 8r, Academic Scholarships Texas A k M University In partial fulfiHment for the designation of UNIVERSITY UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH FELLOW Approved...

Dean, Cynthia Maria

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

491

Energy literacy of secondary students in New York State (USA): A measure of knowledge, affect, and behavior  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy literacy, which encompasses broad content knowledge as well as affective and behavioral characteristics, will empower people to make appropriate energy-related choices and embrace changes in the way we harness and consume energy. Energy literacy was measured with a written questionnaire completed by 3708 secondary students in New York State, USA. Results indicate that students are concerned about energy problems (affective subscale mean 73% of the maximum attainable score), yet relatively low cognitive (42% correct) and behavioral (65% of the maximum) scores suggest that students may lack the knowledge and skills they need to effectively contribute toward solutions. High school (HS) students scored significantly better than middle school (MS) students on the cognitive subscale; gains were greatest on topics included in NY State educational standards, and less on topics related to “practical” energy knowledge such as ways to save energy. Despite knowledge gains, there was a significant drop in energy conservation behavior between the MS and HS students. Intercorrelations between groups of questions indicate energy-related behaviors are more strongly related to affect than to knowledge. These findings underscore the need for education that improves energy literacy by impacting student attitudes, values and behaviors, as well as broad content knowledge.

Jan E. DeWaters; Susan E. Powers

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Superparamagnetic iron oxide polyacrylic acid coated ?-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanoparticles do not affect kidney function but cause acute effect on the cardiovascular function in healthy mice  

SciTech Connect

This study describes the distribution of intravenously injected polyacrylic acid (PAA) coated ?-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} NPs (10 mg kg{sup ?1}) at the organ, cellular and subcellular levels in healthy BALB/cJ mice and in parallel addresses the effects of NP injection on kidney function, blood pressure and vascular contractility. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) showed accumulation of NPs in the liver within 1 h after intravenous infusion, accommodated by intracellular uptake in endothelial and Kupffer cells with subsequent intracellular uptake in renal cells, particularly the cytoplasm of the proximal tubule, in podocytes and mesangial cells. The renofunctional effects of NPs were evaluated by arterial acid–base status and measurements of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) after instrumentation with chronically indwelling catheters. Arterial pH was 7.46 ± 0.02 and 7.41 ± 0.02 in mice 0.5 h after injections of saline or NP, and did not change over the next 12 h. In addition, the injections of NP did not affect arterial PCO{sub 2} or [HCO{sub 3}{sup ?}] either. Twenty-four and 96 h after NP injections, the GFR averaged 0.35 ± 0.04 and 0.35 ± 0.01 ml min{sup ?1} g{sup ?1}, respectively, values which were statistically comparable with controls (0.29 ± 0.02 and 0.33 ± 0.1 ml{sup –1} min{sup –1} 25 g{sup –1}). Mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) decreased 12–24 h after NP injections (111.1 ± 11.5 vs 123.0 ± 6.1 min{sup ?1}) associated with a decreased contractility of small mesenteric arteries revealed by myography to characterize endothelial function. In conclusion, our study demonstrates that accumulation of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles does not affect kidney function in healthy mice but temporarily decreases blood pressure. -- Highlights: ? PAA coated ?-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanoparticles were injected intravenously into healthy mice. ? We examine the distribution and physiological effects of nanoparticle accumulation. ? No effects of accumulation in kidney on acid-base status or GFR. ? Acute hypotension associated with decreased contractility of small vessels. ? We demonstrate physiological effects of PAA ?-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} NP for medical purposes.

Iversen, Nina K., E-mail: nina.iversen@biology.au.dk [Zoophysiology, Department of Biological Sciences, Aarhus University (Denmark); Interdisciplinary Nanoscience Center, Aarhus University (Denmark); Frische, Sebastian [Department of Biomedicine, Aarhus University (Denmark)] [Department of Biomedicine, Aarhus University (Denmark); Thomsen, Karen [Interdisciplinary Nanoscience Center, Aarhus University (Denmark)] [Interdisciplinary Nanoscience Center, Aarhus University (Denmark); Laustsen, Christoffer; Pedersen, Michael [MR Research Center, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus University (Denmark)] [MR Research Center, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus University (Denmark); Hansen, Pernille B.L.; Bie, Peter [Cardiovascular and Renal Research, Institute of Molecular Medicine, University of Southern Denmark (Denmark)] [Cardiovascular and Renal Research, Institute of Molecular Medicine, University of Southern Denmark (Denmark); Fresnais, Jérome [Physicochimie des Electrolytes, Colloïdes et Sciences Analytiques (PECSA) UMR 7195 CNRS-UPMC-ESPCI, 4 place Jussieu, 75252 Paris Cedex 05 (France)] [Physicochimie des Electrolytes, Colloïdes et Sciences Analytiques (PECSA) UMR 7195 CNRS-UPMC-ESPCI, 4 place Jussieu, 75252 Paris Cedex 05 (France); Berret, Jean-Francois [Matière et Systèmes Complexes, UMR 7057 CNRS Université Denis Diderot Paris-VII, Bâtiment Condorcet, 10 rue Alice Domon et Léonie Duquet, 75205 Paris (France)] [Matière et Systèmes Complexes, UMR 7057 CNRS Université Denis Diderot Paris-VII, Bâtiment Condorcet, 10 rue Alice Domon et Léonie Duquet, 75205 Paris (France); Baatrup, Erik [Zoophysiology, Department of Biological Sciences, Aarhus University (Denmark) [Zoophysiology, Department of Biological Sciences, Aarhus University (Denmark); Interdisciplinary Nanoscience Center, Aarhus University (Denmark); Wang, Tobias [Zoophysiology, Department of Biological Sciences, Aarhus University (Denmark)] [Zoophysiology, Department of Biological Sciences, Aarhus University (Denmark)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

493

Investigating the energy spectrum of silicon nanoclusters in a silicon dioxide matrix  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the results of an investigation of the energy spectrum of traps that occur in a silicon nanocomposite created using the new “elion” technology—low-temperature laser...

Grigor’ev, L V; Mikha?lov, A V

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Oxidation, Reduction, and Condensation of Alcohols over (MO3)3 (M=Mo, W) Nanoclusters  

SciTech Connect

The reactions of deuterated methanol, ethanol, 1-propanol, 1-butanol, 2-propanol, 2-butanol and t-butanol over cyclic (MO3)3 (M = Mo, W) clusters were studied experimentally with temperature programmed desorption (TPD) and theoretically with coupled cluster CCSD(T) theory and density functional theory. The reactions of two alcohols per M3O9 cluster are required to provide agreement with experiment for D2O release, dehydrogenation and dehydration. The reaction begins with the elimination of water by proton transfers and forms an intermediate dialkoxy species which can undergo further reaction. Dehydration proceeds by a ? hydrogen transfer to a terminal M=O. Dehydrogenation takes place via an ? hydrogen transfer to an adjacent MoVI = O atom or a WVI metal center with redox involved for M = Mo and no redox for M = W. The two channels have comparable activation energies. H/D exchange to produce alcohols can take place after olefin is released or via the dialkoxy species depending on the alcohol and the cluster. The Lewis acidity of the metal center with WVI being larger than MoVI results in the increased reactivity of W3O9 over Mo3O9 for dehydrogenation and dehydration.

Fang, Zongtang; Li, Zhenjun; Kelley, Matthew S.; Kay, Bruce D.; Li, Shenggang; Hennigan, Jamie M.; Rousseau, Roger J.; Dohnalek, Zdenek; Dixon, David A.

2014-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

495

A computer simulation study of the interaction between passivated and bare gold nanoclusters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Consortium, funded by EPSRC (grants EP/D504872 and EP/F067496...and D. J. Tildesley1987 Computer simulation of liquidsOxford...subcritical-supercritical fluid: a computer simulation studyJ. Phys...in supercritical fluids: a computer simulation studyJ. Chem...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Growth and characterization of copper nanoclusters embedded in SiCmatrix  

SciTech Connect

Nanocrystalline copper clusters embedded in silicon carbidewere made by island growth during sputter deposition. The distributionand morphology of metal clusters were observed by high-resolutiontransmission electron microscopy. To investigate chemical bonding at thecopper silicon carbide interface, we studied the electronic states ofcopper and silicon using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). It wasfound that the formation of copper silicide was suppressed in this systemand that small shifts in binding energy were observed for different sizesof clusters, which was different from the chemical shift for coppersilicide formation.

Shin, Dong-Woon; Wang, Shan, X.; Marshall, Ann F.; Kimura,Wataru; Dong, Chungli; Augustsson, A.; Guo, Jinghua

2006-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

497

Nanocluster-based white-light-emitting material employing surface tuning  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for making a nanocrystal-based material capable of emitting light over a sufficiently broad spectral range to appear white. Surface-modifying ligands are used to shift and broaden the emission of semiconductor nanocrystals to produce nanoparticle-based materials that emit white light.

Wilcoxon, Jess P. (Albuquerque, NM); Abrams, Billie L. (Albuquerque, NM); Thoma, Steven G. (Albuquerque, NM)

2007-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

498

Chemical Reactivity of Pd-Au Bimetallic Nanoclusters Grown via Amorphous Solid Water as Buffer Layer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

grown via ASW buffer layer on silica, presumably due to suppression of the trimerization pathway of both, is often rather difficult to obtain. Model catalysis has been studied in recent decades by in an industrial catalyst.16-20 Intro- duction of weakly bound buffer layers to assist the growth of clusters

Asscher, Micha

499

Surface Science Prospectives Weakly bound buffer layers: A versatile template for metallic nano-clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at sub-micron width, millimeter long, were obtained experimentally, with line width determined are often used as convenient model systems for industrial supported catalysts that could be studied under- tal particles supported on high surface area materials, e.g. silica, alumina, titania or carbon, under

Asscher, Micha

500

Metal chalcogenide nanoclusters with ‘tailored’ surfaces via ‘designer’ silylated chalcogen reagents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...chalcogenolate bonds, respectively: and where X=halide, acetate;E=S, Se, Te. The driving force behind these reactions...solvents (So--Boudjouk 1989; DeGroot et al. 2003), or with lithium triethylborohydride (Thompson- Boudjouk-1988; So- Boudjouk...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z