Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "namibia sb st" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

CO2 Emissions - Namibia  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fossil Fuel CO2 Emissions Regional Africa Namibia CO2 Emissions from Namibia Data graphic Data CO2 Emissions from Namibia image Per capita CO2 Emission Estimates for...

2

St  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

St St at ement of Co nside ration s RE QU EST BY MOSSE Y CREE K ENERGY FOR DO MESTIC A ND FOREI GN RIGHTS IN SU BJECT INVENTIONS S-124, 118 AND S- 124,156 M ADE IN THE CO URS E OF OR U ND ER UT-BATTELLE PRIME CONTRACT NO . DE-AC05 -000 R227 2 5; DO E WAIVER DOCKETS: W (l ) 2011-009 AND W(l) 2011-010 {COMBIN ED) Mossey Creek Energy (Pet itioner) has m ade a tim ely req uest for a waiver t o wo rldw ide undivided rights in two subject invent ions (th e subject inve ntio ns) made in the cou rs e of or und er UT-Battel le, Prime Contract No . DE-AC05-000R22725 . The fir st invention ( S-12 4,118) is entitled, "Therma lly Conducti ve Electri cally Insulati ng Sil icon Cont ain ing Ep oxy Mo ld ing Compound.'' The secon d invention (S-124, 156) is "Si nt ered Po lycrystalline Sili con Base d Ther rn oe lectric

3

Namibia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Namibia: Energy Resources Namibia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-22,"lon":17,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

4

Namibia-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Namibia-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Namibia-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Namibia-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Name Namibia-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ), Global Green Growth Knowledge Platform (GGKP), Green Jobs Initiative, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) Sector Climate, Energy, Land, Water Focus Area People and Policy Topics Co-benefits assessment, Low emission development planning, -LEDS Country Namibia Southern Africa References UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services[1] Overview "UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services consist of policy advice, technical

5

Identifying and representing elements of local contexts in namibia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In an attempt to represent local context in a 3D visualisation for rural elders in Namibia we have found major differences in the conceptualization of this context between external and local partners in the co-creation process. Through the evaluation ... Keywords: context, context-aware, indigenous knowledge, participatory design, re-contextualization

Kasper Rodil, Kasper Lvborg Jensen, Matthias Rehm, Heike Winschiers-Theophilus

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

MHK Projects/GPP Namibia | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GPP Namibia GPP Namibia < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-22.9576,"lon":18.4904,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

7

DWPF SB6 INITIAL CPC FLOWSHEET TESTING SB6-1 TO SB6-4L TESTS OF SB6-A AND SB6-B SIMULANTS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) will transition from Sludge Batch 5 (SB5) processing to Sludge Batch 6 (SB6) processing in late fiscal year 2010. Tests were conducted using non-radioactive simulants of the expected SB6 composition to determine the impact of varying the acid stoichiometry during the Sludge Receipt and Adjustment Tank (SRAT) and Slurry Mix Evaporator (SME) processes. The work was conducted to meet the Technical Task Request (TTR) HLW/DWPF/TTR-2008-0043, Rev.0 and followed the guidelines of a Task Technical and Quality Assurance Plan (TT&QAP). The flowsheet studies are performed to evaluate the potential chemical processing issues, hydrogen generation rates, and process slurry rheological properties as a function of acid stoichiometry. These studies were conducted with the estimated SB6 composition at the time of the study. This composition assumed a blend of 101,085 kg of Tank 4 insoluble solids and 179,000 kg of Tank 12 insoluble solids. The current plans are to subject Tank 12 sludge to aluminum dissolution. Liquid Waste Operations assumed that 75% of the aluminum would be dissolved during this process. After dissolution and blending of Tank 4 sludge slurry, plans included washing the contents of Tank 51 to {approx}1M Na. After the completion of washing, the plan assumes that 40 inches on Tank 40 slurry would remain for blending with the qualified SB6 material. There are several parameters that are noteworthy concerning SB6 sludge: (1) This is the second batch DWPF will be processing that contains sludge that has had a significant fraction of aluminum removed through aluminum dissolution; (2) The sludge is high in mercury, but the projected concentration is lower than SB5; (3) The sludge is high in noble metals, but the projected concentrations are lower than SB5; and(4) The sludge is high in U and Pu - components that are not added in sludge simulants. Six DWPF process simulations were completed in 4-L laboratory-scale equipment using two projections of the SB6 blend simulant composition (Tank 40 simulant after Tank 51 transfer is complete). The more washed simulant (SB6-A) had a set of four SRAT and SME simulations at varying acid stoichiometry levels (90%, 100%, 120% and 150%) using the Koopman Acid Prediction Calculation. Two additional SRAT simulations were made using SB6-B blend simulant at 100% and 120% of acid stoichiometry. SME cycles were noted performed for the SB6B simulants to allow the SRAT products to be used for melt rate testing.

Lambert, D.; Pickenheim, B.; Best, D.

2009-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

8

AlGaAsSb/GaSb Distributed Bragg Reflectors Grown by Organometallic Vapor Phase Epitaxy  

SciTech Connect

The first AlGaAsSb/GaSb quarter-wave distributed Bragg reflectors grown by metallic vapor phase epitaxy are reported. The peak reflectance is 96% for a 10-period structure.

C.A. Wang; C.J. Vineis; D.R. Calawa

2002-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

9

ESH100.2.SB.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Safety & Health Procedure Number ESH100.2.SB.2 Procedure Title Ensure Nuclear Criticality Safety Procedure Manager COFFING, STEPHEN A. Status Active Subject Matter Expert...

10

Method of making an InAsSb/InAsSbP diode lasers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

InAsSb/InAsSbP/InAs Double Heterostructures (DH) and Separate Confinement Heterostructure Multiple Quantum Well (SCH-MQW) structures are taught wherein the ability to tune to a specific wavelength within 3 .mu.m to 5 .mu.m is possible by varying the ratio of As:Sb in the active layer.

Razeghi, Manijeh (Wilmette, IL)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Sludge Batch 7 (SB7) Washing and Settling Demonstration  

Generate test slurry Wash per SB7 plan Quantify settling vs wash cycle and time Sampling and analysis. SB7 Washing and Settling Demonstration 5 ...

12

101st Abstracts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

101st Abstracts Meetings, Conferences and Short Courses aocs AOCS Annual Meeting & Expo Call for Papers Conferences Congress control dispersions edible exhibit expo fats functions fundamentals industry lecithin Meetings nutrition oils process qua

13

Lattice-matched epitaxial GaInAsSb/GaSb thermophotovoltaic devices  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The materials development of Ga{sub 1{minus}x}In{sub x}As{sub y}Sb{sub 1{minus}y} alloys for lattice-matched thermophotovoltaic (TPV) devices is reported. Epilayers with cutoff wavelength 2--2.4 {micro}m at room temperature and lattice-matched to GaSb substrates were grown by both low-pressure organometallic vapor phase epitaxy and molecular beam epitaxy. These layers exhibit high optical and structural quality. For demonstrating lattice-matched thermophotovoltaic devices, p- and n-type doping studies were performed. Several TPV device structures were investigated, with variations in the base/emitter thicknesses and the incorporation of a high bandgap GaSb or AlGaAsSb window layer. Significant improvement in the external quantum efficiency is observed for devices with an AlGaAsSb window layer compared to those without one.

Wang, C.A.; Choi, H.K.; Turner, G.W.; Spears, D.L.; Manfra, M.J. [Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Lexington, MA (United States). Lincoln Lab.; Charache, G.W. [Lockheed Martin, Inc., Schenectady, NY (United States)

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Performance improvement of Ge-Sb-Te material by GaSb doping for phase change memory  

SciTech Connect

Effects of GaSb doping on phase change characteristics of Ge-Sb-Te material are investigated by in situ resistance and x-ray diffraction measurement, optical spectroscopy, and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The crystallization temperature and data retention of Ge-Sb-Te material increase significantly by the addition of GaSb, which results from the high thermal stability of amorphous GaSb. In addition, GaSb-doped Ge-Sb-Te material exhibits faster crystallization speed due to the change in electronic states as a result of the formation of chemical bonds with Ga element. Incorporation of GaSb is highly effective way to enhance the comprehensive performance of Ge-Sb-Te material for phase change memory.

Lu, Yegang [State Key Laboratory of Functional Materials for Informatics, Laboratory of Nanotechnology, Shanghai Institute of Micro-system and Information Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050 (China) [State Key Laboratory of Functional Materials for Informatics, Laboratory of Nanotechnology, Shanghai Institute of Micro-system and Information Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050 (China); Faculty of Information Science and Engineering, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211 (China); Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Zhang, Zhonghua; Song, Sannian; Cheng, Limin; Song, Zhitang [State Key Laboratory of Functional Materials for Informatics, Laboratory of Nanotechnology, Shanghai Institute of Micro-system and Information Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050 (China)] [State Key Laboratory of Functional Materials for Informatics, Laboratory of Nanotechnology, Shanghai Institute of Micro-system and Information Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050 (China); Shen, Xiang; Wang, Guoxiang; Dai, Shixun [Faculty of Information Science and Engineering, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211 (China)] [Faculty of Information Science and Engineering, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211 (China)

2013-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

15

DWPF simulant CPC studies for SB8  

SciTech Connect

The Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) accepted a technical task request (TTR) from Waste Solidification Engineering to perform simulant tests to support the qualification of Sludge Batch 8 (SB8) and to develop the flowsheet for SB8 in the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF). These efforts pertained to the DWPF Chemical Process Cell (CPC). Separate studies were conducted for frit development and glass properties (including REDOX). The SRNL CPC effort had two primary phases divided by the decision to drop Tank 12 from the SB8 constituents. This report focuses on the second phase with SB8 compositions that do not contain the Tank 12 piece. A separate report will document the initial phase of SB8 testing that included Tank 12. The second phase of SB8 studies consisted of two sets of CPC studies. The first study involved CPC testing of an SB8 simulant for Tank 51 to support the CPC demonstration of the washed Tank 51 qualification sample in the SRNL Shielded Cells facility. SB8-Tank 51 was a high iron-low aluminum waste with fairly high mercury and moderate noble metal concentrations. Tank 51 was ultimately washed to about 1.5 M sodium which is the highest wash endpoint since SB3-Tank 51. This study included three simulations of the DWPF Sludge Receipt and Adjustment Tank (SRAT) cycle and Slurry Mix Evaporator (SME) cycle with the sludge-only flowsheet at nominal DWPF processing conditions and three different acid stoichiometries. These runs produced a set of recommendations that were used to guide the successful SRNL qualification SRAT/SME demonstration with actual Tank 51 washed waste. The second study involved five SRAT/SME runs with SB8-Tank 40 simulant. Four of the runs were designed to define the acid requirements for sludge-only processing in DWPF with respect to nitrite destruction and hydrogen generation. The fifth run was an intermediate acid stoichiometry demonstration of the coupled flowsheet for SB8. These runs produced a set of processing recommendations for DWPF along with some data related to Safety Class documentation at DWPF. Some significant observations regarding SB8 follow: Reduced washing in Tank 51 led to an increase in the wt.% soluble solids of the DWPF feed. If wt.% total solids for the SRAT and SME product werent adjusted upward to maintain insoluble solids levels similar to past sludge batches, then the rheological properties of the slurry went below the low end of the DWPF design bases for the SRAT and SME. Much higher levels of dissolved manganese were found in the SRAT and SME products than in recent sludge batches. Closed crucible melts were more reduced than expected. The working hypothesis is that the soluble Mn is less oxidizing than assumed in the REDOX calculations. A change in the coefficient for Mn in the REDOX equation was recommended in a separate report. The DWPF (Hsu) stoichiometric acid equation was examined in detail to better evaluate how to control acid in DWPF. The existing DWPF equation can likely be improved without changing the required sample analyses through a paper study using existing data. The recommended acid stoichiometry for initial SB8 SRAT batches is 115-120% stoichiometry until some processing experience is gained. The conservative range (based on feed properties) of stoichiometric factors derived in this study was from 110-147%, but SRNL recommends using only the lower half of this range, 110-126% even after initial batches provide processing experience. The stoichiometric range for sludge-only processing appears to be suitable for coupled operation based on results from the run in the middle of the range. Catalytic hydrogen was detectable (>0.005 vol%) in all SRAT and SME cycles. Hydrogen reached 30-35% of the SRAT and SME limits at the mid-point of the stoichiometry window (bounding noble metals and acid demand).

Koopman, D. C.; Zamecnik, J. R.

2013-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

16

Electronic and thermoelectric properties of CoSbS and FeSbS  

SciTech Connect

We present a combined theoretical and experimental study of the potential thermoelectric performance of three transition metal antimonide sulfides, CoSbS, FeSbS and NiSbS. From theory we find that NiSbS is metallic and hence of little interest regarding thermoelectric performance. CoSbS and FeSbS are both semiconductors with rather heavy valence and conduction bands, whose thermopower can exceed 200 $\\mu$V/K at temperatures of 900 K and carrier concentrations of 10$^{21}$cm$^{-3}$, which is similar to the $n$-type high performance thermoelectric filled skutterudites. The experimental results on several non-optimized $n$-type CoSbS samples confirm its semiconducting nature and indicate a potential for good high temperature thermoelectric performance, finding a ZT for two of the samples of 0.35 at 773 K. Substantially higher ZT values may be possible if the lattice thermal conductivity can be reduced by alloying and the effects of extrinsic scattering, which appear to be substantial in the experimental results, are reduced.

Parker, David S [ORNL; Singh, David J [ORNL; Sales, Brian C [ORNL; McGuire, Michael A [ORNL; May, Andrew F [ORNL; Wang, Hsin [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Role of Sb Compositions on the Properties of InAs/GaAsSb Quantum Dots (QDs)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

QD size, uniformity and density in InAs/GaAsSb material system for increasing Sb content are studied using Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM). AFM results show that QD density and uniformity improve with Sb content increase. The improvement of QD uniformity is ensured by the narrowing of the analysis of AFM scans. To obtain minimum VBO, InAs/GaAsSb with various Sb compositions is investigated by PL and TRPL measurements. PL data shows a blue-shift as excitation power increases as evidence of a type II band structure. Since the PL peak of 8 and 13 % Sb samples did not shift while that of 15 % Sb sample is blue-shifted with increasing the excitation power it is concluded that InAs QDs/GaAs0.86Sb0.14 would have minimum valence band offset. This tendency is supported by the change of a carrier lifetime estimated from TRPL data.

Ban, K. Y.; Bremner, S. P.; Kuciauskas, D.; Dahal, S. N.; Honsberg, C. B.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Donor behavior of Sb in ZnO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electrical behavior of Sb in ZnO:Sb layers doped in a wide concentration range was studied using temperature dependent Hall effect measurements. The layers were grown by plasma-enhanced molecular beam epitaxy, and the Sb concentration was changed by varying the Sb flux, resulting in electron concentrations in the range of 10{sup 16} to nearly 10{sup 20} cm{sup -3}. Upon annealing, the electron concentration increased slightly and more notable was that the electron mobility significantly improved, reaching a room-temperature value of 110 cm{sup 2}/V s and a low-temperature value of 145 cm{sup 2}/V s, close to the maximum of {approx}155 cm{sup 2}/V s set by ionized impurity scattering. Hall data and structural data suggest that Sb predominantly occupies Zn sublattice positions and acts as a shallow donor in the whole concentration range studied. In the layers with high Sb content ({approx}1 at. %), acceptor-type compensating defects (possibly Sb on oxygen sites and/or point-defect complexes involving Sb{sub O}) are formed. The increase of electron concentration with increasing oxygen pressure and the increase in ZnO:Sb lattice parameter at high Sb concentrations suggest that acceptors involving Sb{sub O} rather than Sb{sub Zn}-2V{sub Zn} complexes are responsible for the compensation of the donors.

Liu, H. Y.; Izyumskaya, N.; Avrutin, V.; Oezguer, Ue.; Morkoc, H. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23284 (United States); Yankovich, A. B.; Kvit, A. V.; Voyles, P. M. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States)

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Type I Mid-Infrared MQW Lasers using AlInAsSb barriers and InAsSb wells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Type I Mid-Infrared MQW Lasers using AlInAsSb barriers and InAsSb wells Leslie G. Vaughn*a , L and interband lasers, Shockley-Read-Hall losses increase. The simplest structure is Type-I multiple quantum well. One such system with InAsSb wells and AlInAsSb barriers has been unable to exceed 175K under CW

New Mexico, University of

20

Recent progress in InGaAsSb/GaSb TPV devices  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

AstroPower is developing InGaAsSb thermophotovoltaic (TPV) devices. This photovoltaic cell is a two-layer epitaxial InGaAsSb structure formed by liquid-phase epitaxy on a GaSb substrate. The (direct) bandgap of the In{sub 1{minus}x}Ga{sub x}As{sub 1{minus}y}Sb{sub y} alloy is 0.50 to 0.55 eV, depending on its exact alloy composition (x,y); and is closely lattice-matched to the GaSb substrate. The use of the quaternary alloy, as opposed to a ternary alloy--such as, for example InGaAs/InP--permits low bandgap devices optimized for 1,000 to 1,500 C thermal sources with, at the same time, near-exact lattice matching to the GaSb substrate. Lattice matching is important since even a small degree of lattice mismatch degrades device performance and reliability and increases processing complexity. Internal quantum efficiencies as high as 95% have been measured at a wavelength of 2 microns. At 1 micron wavelengths, internal quantum efficiencies of 55% have been observed. The open-circuit voltage at currents of 0.3 A/cm{sup 2} is 0.220 volts and 0.280 V for current densities of 2 A/cm{sup 2}. Fill factors of 56% have been measured at 60 mA/cm{sup 2}. However, as current density increases there is some decrease in fill factor. The results to date show that the GaSb-based quaternary compounds provide a viable and high performance energy conversion solution for thermophotovoltaic systems operating with 1,000 to 1,500 C source temperatures.

Shellenbarger, Z.A.; Mauk, M.G.; DiNetta, L.C. [AstroPower, Inc., Newark, DE (United States); Charache, G.W. [Lockheed Martin Corp., Schenectady, NY (United States)

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "namibia sb st" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

GaInSb and GaInAsSb thermophotovoltaic device fabrication and characterization  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Thermophotovoltaic (TPV) devices have been fabricated using epitaxial ternary and quaternary layers grown on GaSb substrates. The GaInSb layers were grown by organometallic vapor phase epitaxy (OMVPE) and the InGaAsSb lattice-matched layers were grown by liquid phase epitaxy (LPE). Device fabrication steps include unannealed p-type ohmic contacts, annealed Sn/Au n-type ohmic contacts, and a thick Ag top-surface contact using a lift-off process. Devices are characterized primarily by dark I-V, photo I-V, and quantum efficiency measurements, which are correlated to microscopic and macroscopic material properties. Particular emphasis has been on material enhancements to increase quantum efficiency and decrease dark saturation current density. TPV device performance is presently limited by the base diffusion length, typically 1 to 2 microns.

Hitchcock, C.; Gutmann, R.; Borrego, J.; Ehsani, H.; Bhat, I. [Rensselaer Polytechnic Inst., Troy, NY (United States); Freeman, M.; Charache, G. [Lockheed Martin, Inc., Schenectady, NY (United States)

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

DWPF SIMULANT CPC STUDIES FOR SB8  

SciTech Connect

Prior to processing a Sludge Batch (SB) in the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF), flowsheet studies using simulants are performed. Typically, the flowsheet studies are conducted based on projected composition(s). The results from the flowsheet testing are used to 1) guide decisions during sludge batch preparation, 2) serve as a preliminary evaluation of potential processing issues, and 3) provide a basis to support the Shielded Cells qualification runs performed at the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL). SB8 was initially projected to be a combination of the Tank 40 heel (Sludge Batch 7b), Tank 13, Tank 12, and the Tank 51 heel. In order to accelerate preparation of SB8, the decision was made to delay the oxalate-rich material from Tank 12 to a future sludge batch. SB8 simulant studies without Tank 12 were reported in a separate report.1 The data presented in this report will be useful when processing future sludge batches containing Tank 12. The wash endpoint target for SB8 was set at a significantly higher sodium concentration to allow acceptable glass compositions at the targeted waste loading. Four non-coupled tests were conducted using simulant representing Tank 40 at 110-146% of the Koopman Minimum Acid requirement. Hydrogen was generated during high acid stoichiometry (146% acid) SRAT testing up to 31% of the DWPF hydrogen limit. SME hydrogen generation reached 48% of of the DWPF limit for the high acid run. Two non-coupled tests were conducted using simulant representing Tank 51 at 110-146% of the Koopman Minimum Acid requirement. Hydrogen was generated during high acid stoichiometry SRAT testing up to 16% of the DWPF limit. SME hydrogen generation reached 49% of the DWPF limit for hydrogen in the SME for the high acid run. Simulant processing was successful using previously established antifoam addition strategy. Foaming during formic acid addition was not observed in any of the runs. Nitrite was destroyed in all runs and no N2O was detected during SME processing. Mercury behavior was consistent with that seen in previous SRAT runs. Mercury was stripped below the DWPF limit on 0.8 wt% for all runs. Rheology yield stress fell within or below the design basis of 1-5 Pa. The low acid Tank 40 run (106% acid stoichiometry) had the highest yield stress at 3.78 Pa.

Newell, J.

2013-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

23

AlSb/InAs HIGH ELECTRON MOBILITY TRANSISTORS - Energy ...  

The Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) has developed materials growth and fabrication technology for the manufacture of high-speed, low power AlSb/InAs high electron ...

24

Bulk growth of GaSb and Ga{sub 1{minus}x}In{sub x}Sb  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

GaSb and InGaSb have been demonstrated to be suitable choices for high efficiency thermophotovoltaic (TPV) cells. Synthesis and growth of bulk GaSb single crystals and GaInSb polycrystals have been carried out by the vertical Bridgman technique, with a baffle immersed in the melt and by complete encapsulation of the melt by low melting temperature alkali halides or oxides. The critical roles of the baffle and the encapsulation are discussed. Efforts in obtaining device grade GaSb with superior structural and electrical properties and compositionally homogeneous GaInSb are described, emphasizing the key steps in the growth cycle developed to obtain good crystalline quality.

Dutta, P.S.; Ostrogorsky, A.G.; Gutmann, R.J.

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Florida Nuclear Profile - St Lucie  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

St Lucie" "Unit","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Summer capacity factor (percent)","Type","Commercial operation date","License expiration date"...

26

Effect of antimony nano-scale surface-structures on a GaSb/AlAsSb distributed Bragg reflector  

SciTech Connect

Effects of antimony crystallization on the surface of GaSb during low temperature molecular beam epitaxy growth are investigated. The geometry of these structures is studied via transmission electron and atomic force microscopies, which show the surface metal forms triangular-shaped, elongated nano-wires with a structured orientation composed entirely of crystalline antimony. By depositing antimony on a GaSb/AlAsSb distributed Bragg reflector, the field is localized within the antimony layer. Polarization dependent transmission measurements are carried out on these nano-structures deposited on a GaSb/AlAsSb distributed Bragg reflector. It is shown that the antimony-based structures at the surface favor transmission of light polarized perpendicular to the wires.

Husaini, S.; Shima, D.; Ahirwar, P.; Rotter, T. J.; Hains, C. P.; Dang, T.; Bedford, R. G.; Balakrishnan, G. [Air Force Research Laboratory, Sensors Directorate, Wright-Patterson AFB, Dayton, OH 45433 (United States)] [Air Force Research Laboratory, Sensors Directorate, Wright-Patterson AFB, Dayton, OH 45433 (United States)

2013-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

27

101st AOCS Annual Meeting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Archive of the 2010 AOCS Annual Meeting and Expo 101st AOCS Annual Meeting Meetings, Conferences and Short Courses aocs AOCS Annual Meeting & Expo Call for Papers Conferences Congress control dispersions edible exhibit expo fats functions fundamen

28

ST. LOUIS AIRPORT/ HAZELWOOD INTERIM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DESCRIPTION EPA Region 7 09/01/2010 City: Approximately 15 miles northwest of downtown Lambert/St. Louis) and later the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC). The transfer of process residues from downtown to sites near

29

SB Electronics Breaks Ground on New Factory | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SB Electronics Breaks Ground on New Factory SB Electronics Breaks Ground on New Factory SB Electronics Breaks Ground on New Factory April 29, 2010 - 5:22pm Addthis U.S. Rep. Peter Welch (from left), Vermont Lt. Gov. Brian Dubie, SBE board member Win Hunter, SBE board chair Stan Fishkin, Assi U.S. Rep. Peter Welch (from left), Vermont Lt. Gov. Brian Dubie, SBE board member Win Hunter, SBE board chair Stan Fishkin, Assi Paul Lester Communications Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy A Vermont company broke ground on a new factory that will produce cutting-edge technology for electric and hybrid cars and create more than 100 jobs. The event ushering in SB Electronics' power ring capacitor facility in Barre was attended by Vermont Gov. Jim Douglas and federal, state and local

30

Modeling of InGaSb thermophotovoltaic cells and materials  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A closed form computer program has been developed for the simulation and optimization of In{sub x}Ga{sub 1{minus}x}Sb thermophotovoltaic cells operating at room temperature. The program includes material parameter models of the energy bandgap, optical absorption constant, electron and hole mobility, intrinsic carrier concentration and index of refraction for any composition of GaInSb alloys.

Zierak, M.; Borrego, J.M.; Bhat, I.; Gutmann, R.J. [Rensselaer Polytechnic Inst., Troy, NY (United States); Charache, G. [Lockheed Martin, Inc., Schenectady, NY (United States)

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Structural and optical studies of nitrogen incorporation into GaSb-based GaInSb quantum wells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate the incorporation of nitrogen into (Ga,In)Sb grown on GaSb and report room temperature photoluminescence from GaInSb(N) quantum wells. X-ray diffraction and channeling nuclear reaction analysis, together with Rutherford backscattering, were employed to identify the optimal molecular beam epitaxial growth conditions that minimized the incorporation of non-substitutional nitrogen into GaNSb. Consistent with this hypothesis, GaInSb(N) quantum wells grown under the conditions that minimized non-substitutional nitrogen exhibited room temperature photoluminescence, indicative of significantly improved radiative efficiency. Further development of this material system could enable type-I laser diodes emitting throughout the (3-5 {mu}m) wavelength range.

Nair, Hari P.; Crook, Adam M.; Bank, Seth R. [Microelectronics Research Center, Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Texas at Austin, 10100 Burnet Rd, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States); Yu, Kin M. [Electronic Materials Program, Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)

2012-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

32

ST Consulting | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ST Consulting ST Consulting Jump to: navigation, search Name ST Consulting Address Metzelstr. 1 Place Trier Zip 54290 Number of employees 1-10 Year founded 2008 Phone number 0049-65146324669 Website http://www.bost-engineering.de Coordinates 49.7550629°, 6.6366663° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":49.7550629,"lon":6.6366663,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

33

St. Louis FUSRAP Lessons Learned  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this paper is to present lessons learned from fours years' experience conducting Remedial Investigation and Remedial Action activities at the St. Louis Downtown Site (SLDS) under the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP). Many FUSRAP sites are experiencing challenges conducting Remedial Actions within forecasted volume and budget estimates. The St. Louis FUSRAP lessons learned provide insight to options for cost effective remediation at FUSRAP sites. The lessons learned are focused on project planning (budget and schedule), investigation, design, and construction.

Eberlin, J.; Williams, D.; Mueller, D.

2003-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

34

Phase equilibrium and intermediate phases in the Eu-Sb system  

SciTech Connect

Rapid heating rate thermal analysis, X-ray diffraction, fluorescence spectrometry, and differential dissolution method were used to study the high-temperature phase equilibrium in the Eu-Sb system within the composition range between 37 and 96 at% Sb. The techniques were effective in determination of the vapor-solid-liquid equilibrium since intermediate phases except Eu{sub 4}Sb{sub 3} evaporated incongruently after melting. A thermal procedure was developed to determine the liquidus and solidus lines of the T-x diagram. Six stable phases were identified: two phases, EuSb{sub 2} and Eu{sub 4}Sb{sub 3}, melt congruently at 1045{+-}10 deg. C and 1600{+-}15 deg. C, the Eu{sub 2}Sb{sub 3}, Eu{sub 11}Sb{sub 10}, Eu{sub 5}Sb{sub 4}, and Eu{sub 5}Sb{sub 3} phases melt incongruently at 850{+-}8 deg. C, 950{+-}10 deg. C, 1350{+-}15 deg. C, and 1445{+-}15 deg. C, respectively. The exact composition shifting of Sb-rich decomposable phases towards Eu{sub 4}Sb{sub 3}, the most refractory compound, was determined. The topology of the Eu-Sb phase diagram was considered together with that of the Yb-Sb system. - Graphical abstract: The high-temperature range of the T-x phase diagram for the Eu-Sb system. Highlights: > The phase relations in the Eu-Sb system were studied over a large composition and temperature scale. > The liquidus and solidus lines of the T-x diagram were well established using effective techniques. > In the system, six binary phases are stable and they melt incongruently except EuSb{sub 2} and Eu{sub 4}Sb{sub 3}. > Incongruent evaporation was found to be typical of all the phases besides Eu{sub 4}Sb{sub 3}.

Abdusalyamova, M.N. [Institute of Chemistry of Tajik Academy of Sciences, Ajni Str. 299/2, 734063 Dushanbe (Tajikistan); Vasilyeva, I.G., E-mail: kamarz@niic.nsc.ru [Nikolaev Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Siberian Branch, Lavrentiev Avenue, 3, 630090 Novosibirsk (Russian Federation)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

35

St. Bernard Project Update | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

St. Bernard Project Update St. Bernard Project Update St. Bernard Project Update February 11, 2011 - 4:21pm Addthis Secretary Chu meets with St. Bernard Project co-founder Zack Rosenberg | Courtesy of St. Bernard Project Secretary Chu meets with St. Bernard Project co-founder Zack Rosenberg | Courtesy of St. Bernard Project April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs Five and a half years after Hurricane Katrina devastated New Orleans, the folks at St. Bernard Project are helping survivors return to their homes and communities. The non-profit's volunteer-driven Rebuilding Program supplies residents with skilled labor to help them rebuild their homes, and if the homeowner cannot afford them on their own, provides the building materials paid for by donations. So far, the organization has completed

36

Vehicle Technologies Office: 21st Century Truck  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for 21st Century Truck Partnership. Partial outline of three various size medium to heavy-duty trucks followed by the words, 21st Century Truck Partnership. Medium-duty and...

37

Effect of Sb on the Properties of GaInP Top Cells (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The summary of this report is that: (1) Sb can be used to increase V{sub oc} of a GaInP top cell; (2) the photovoltaic quality of GaInP is relatively unaffected by the presence of Sb; and (3) Sb-doped GaInP/GaAs tandem cells show promise for achieving efficiencies over 32%.

Olson, J. M.; McMahon, W. E.; Kurtz, S.

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Low cost high power GaSB photovoltaic cells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High power density and high capacity factor are important attributes of a thermophotovoltaics (TPV) system and GaSb cells are enabling for TPV systems. A TPV cogeneration unit at an off grid site will compliment solar arrays producing heat and electricity on cloudy days with the solar arrays generating electricity on sunny days. Herein

Lewis M. Fraas; Han X. Huang; Shi-Zhong Ye; She Hui; James Avery; Russell Ballantyne

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Low cost high power GaSb thermophotovoltaic cells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High power density and high capacity factor are important attributes of a TPV system and GaSb cells are enabling for TPV systems. A TPV cogeneration unit at an off grid site will compliment solar arrays producing heat and electricity on cloudy days with the solar arrays generating electricity on sunny days. Herein

Lewis M. Fraas; Han X. Huang; Shi-Zhong Ye; James Avery; Russell Ballantyne

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

ST  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Director Center of Fusion Science - SWIP Dr. Kaiming Feng, Professor, Deputy Director Fusion Reactor & Materials Division - SWIP Dr. Tianyong Luo - Center for Fusion Science -...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "namibia sb st" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

California's 31st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1st congressional district 1st congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in California's 31st congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in California's 31st congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in California's 31st congressional district 5 Registered Financial Organizations in California's 31st congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in California's 31st congressional district Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Smart Grid Demonstration Project Registered Research Institutions in California's 31st congressional district University of Southern California-Energy Institute Registered Policy Organizations in California's 31st congressional district Clean Tech Los Angeles Registered Energy Companies in California's 31st congressional district

42

TANK 40 FINAL SB7B CHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION RESULTS  

SciTech Connect

A sample of Sludge Batch 7b (SB7b) was taken from Tank 40 in order to obtain radionuclide inventory analyses necessary for compliance with the Waste Acceptance Product Specifications (WAPS). The SB7b WAPS sample was also analyzed for chemical composition including noble metals and fissile constituents, and these results are reported here. These analyses along with the WAPS radionuclide analyses will help define the composition of the sludge in Tank 40 that is currently being fed to the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) as SB7b. At the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) the 3-L Tank 40 SB7b sample was transferred from the shipping container into a 4-L high density polyethylene bottle and solids were allowed to settle over the weekend. Supernate was then siphoned off and circulated through the shipping container to complete the transfer of the sample. Following thorough mixing of the 3-L sample, a 558 g sub-sample was removed. This sub-sample was then utilized for all subsequent analytical samples. Eight separate aliquots of the slurry were digested, four with HNO{sub 3}/HCl (aqua regia) in sealed Teflon{reg_sign} vessels and four with NaOH/Na{sub 2}O{sub 2} (alkali or peroxide fusion) using Zr crucibles. Two Analytical Reference Glass - 1 (ARG-1) standards were digested along with a blank for each preparation. Each aqua regia digestion and blank was diluted to 1:100 mL with deionized water and submitted to Analytical Development (AD) for inductively coupled plasma - atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES) analysis, inductively coupled plasma - mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) analysis, atomic absorption spectroscopy (AA) for As and Se, and cold vapor atomic absorption spectroscopy (CV-AA) for Hg. Equivalent dilutions of the alkali fusion digestions and blank were submitted to AD for ICP-AES analysis. Tank 40 SB7b supernate was collected from a mixed slurry sample in the SRNL Shielded Cells and submitted to AD for ICP-AES, ion chromatography (IC), total base/free OH{sup -}/other base, total inorganic carbon/total organic carbon (TIC/TOC) analyses, and Cs-137 gamma scan. Weighted dilutions of slurry were submitted for IC, TIC/TOC, and total base/free OH{sup -}/other base analyses. Activities for U-233, U-235, and Pu-239 were determined from the ICP-MS data for the aqua regia digestions of the Tank 40 WAPS slurry using the specific activity of each isotope. The Pu-241 value was determined from a Pu-238/-241 method developed by SRNL AD and previously described. The following conclusions were drawn from the analytical results reported here: (1) The ratios of the major elements for the SB7b WAPS sample are different from those measured for the SB7a WAPS sample. There is less Al and Mn relative to Fe than the previous sludge batch. (2) The elemental composition of this sample and the analyses conducted here are reasonable and consistent with DWPF batch data measurements in light of DWPF pre-sample concentration and SRAT product heel contributions to the DWPF SRAT receipt analyses. The element ratios for Al/Fe, Ca/Fe, Mn/Fe, and U/Fe agree within 10% between this work and the DWPF Sludge Receipt and Adjustment Tank (SRAT) receipt analyses. (3) Sulfur in the SB7b WAPS sample is 82% soluble, slightly less than results reported for SB3, SB4, and SB6 samples but unlike the 50% insoluble sulfur observed in the SB5 WAPS sample. In addition, 23% of the soluble sulfur is not present as sulfate in SB7b. (4) The average activities of the fissile isotopes of interest in the SB7b WAPS sample are (in {mu}Ci/g of total dried solids): 4.22E-02 U-233, 6.12E-04 U-235, 1.08E+01 Pu-239, and 5.09E+01 Pu-241. The full radionuclide composition will be reported in a future document. (5) The fission product noble metal and Ag concentrations appear to have largely peaked in previous DWPF sludge batches, with the exception of Ru, which still shows a slight increase in SB7b.

Bannochie, C.

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

43

Magnetic properties of MnSb inclusions formed in GaSb matrix directly during molecular beam epitaxial growth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Despite of intensive search for the proper semiconductor base materials for spintronic devices working at room temperature no appropriate material based on ferromagnetic semiconductors has been found so far. We demonstrate that the phase segregated system with MnSb hexagonal inclusions inside the GaSb matrix, formed directly during the molecular beam epitaxial growth reveals the ferromagnetic properties at room temperature and is a good candidate for exploitation in spintronics. Furthermore, the MnSb inclusions with only one crystalline structure were identified in this GaMn:MnSb granular material. The SQUID magnetometry confirmed that this material exhibits ferromagnetic like behavior starting from helium up to room temperature. Moreover, the magnetic anisotropy was found which was present also at room temperature, and it was proved that by choosing a proper substrate it is possible to control the direction of easy axis of inclusions' magnetization moment between in-plane and out-of-plane; the latter is important in view of potential applications in spintronic devices.

Lawniczak-Jablonska, Krystyna; Wolska, Anna; Klepka, Marcin T.; Kret, Slawomir; Kurowska, Boguslawa; Kowalski, Bogdan J. [Institute of Physics PAS, al. Lotnikow 32/46, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland); Gosk, Jacek [Institute of Experimental Physics, University of Warsaw, Hoza 69, 00-681 Warsaw (Poland); Faculty of Physics, Warsaw University of Technology, Koszykowa 75, 00-662 Warsaw (Poland); Twardowski, Andrzej; Wasik, Dariusz; Kwiatkowski, Adam [Institute of Experimental Physics, University of Warsaw, Hoza 69, 00-681 Warsaw (Poland); Sadowski, Janusz [Institute of Physics PAS, al. Lotnikow 32/46, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland); MAX-Lab, Lund University, SE-221 00 Lund (Sweden)

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Solar for St. Paul | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

for St. Paul for St. Paul Solar for St. Paul October 24, 2011 - 4:00pm Addthis A new 82 kilowatt solar photovoltaic installation at the RiverCentre convention complex is unveiled in the heart of downtown St. Paul. | Photo courtesy of the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy A new 82 kilowatt solar photovoltaic installation at the RiverCentre convention complex is unveiled in the heart of downtown St. Paul. | Photo courtesy of the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Chief Scientist Henry Kelly Chief Scientist Henry Kelly Chief Scientist What does this project do? The completed project will have 348 American-made solar photovoltaic panels that will generate 100,000 kilowatt hours of energy annually - enough to power nine homes for a year. On Monday afternoon in St. Paul, Minnesota, I had the opportunity to see

45

Clean Cities: St. Louis Clean Cities coalition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

St. Louis Clean Cities Coalition St. Louis Clean Cities Coalition The St. Louis Clean Cities coalition works with vehicle fleets, fuel providers, community leaders, and other stakeholders to reduce petroleum use in transportation. St. Louis Clean Cities coalition Contact Information Kevin Herdler 314-397-5308 kevin@stlcleancities.org Coalition Website Clean Cities Coordinator Kevin Herdler Photo of Kevin Herdler Kevin Herdler has been involved with the Clean Cities program since its inception in 1993 and assisted in forming Atlanta's Clean Cities program in Georgia. In 1998, Herdler relocated to St. Louis and became involved with the St. Louis Regional Clean Cities program. In 2000, he was appointed the executive director. Herdler has been in the automotive field for 39 years and graduated technical school as a diesel technician. He is a veteran of the U.S. Air

46

Mount St. Mary's Abbey | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

St. Mary's Abbey St. Mary's Abbey Jump to: navigation, search Name Mount St. Mary's Abbey Facility Mount St. Mary's Abbey Sector Wind energy Facility Type Small Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Mount St. Mary's Abbey Developer Sustainable Energy Developments Energy Purchaser Mount St. Mary's Abbey Location Wrentham MA Coordinates 42.033096°, -71.393711° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.033096,"lon":-71.393711,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

47

California's 21st congressional district: Energy Resources |...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in California. Registered Energy Companies in California's 21st congressional district Agrimass...

48

California's 41st congressional district: Energy Resources |...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in California. Registered Energy Companies in California's 41st congressional district BCL...

49

California's 51st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

California. California. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in California's 51st congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in California's 51st congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in California's 51st congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in California's 51st congressional district 5 Registered Financial Organizations in California's 51st congressional district 6 Energy Generation Facilities in California's 51st congressional district 7 Utility Companies in California's 51st congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in California's 51st congressional district San Diego Gas and Electric Company Smart Grid Project Registered Research Institutions in California's 51st congressional district

50

GaSb substrates with extended IR wavelength for advanced space based applications  

SciTech Connect

GaSb substrates have advantages that make them attractive for implementation of a wide range of infrared (IR) detectors with higher operating temperatures for stealth and space based applications. A significant aspect that would enable widespread commercial application of GaSb wafers for very long wavelength IR (VLWIR) applications is the capability for transmissivity beyond 15 m. Due largely to the GaSb (antisite) defect and other point defects in undoped GaSb substrates, intrinsic GaSb is still slightly p-type and strongly absorbs in the VLWIR. This requires backside thinning of the GaSb substrate for IR transmissivity. An extremely low n-type GaSb substrate is preferred to eliminate thinning and provide a substrate solution for backside illuminated VLWIR devices. By providing a more homogeneous radial distribution of the melt solute to suppress GaSb formation and controlling the cooling rate, ultra low doped n:GaSb has been achieved. This study examines the surface properties and IR transmission spectra of ultra low doped GaSb substrates at both room and low temperatures. Atomic force microscopy (AFM), homoepitaxy by MBE, and infrared Fourier transform (FTIR) analysis was implemented to examine material quality. As compared with standard low doped GaSb, the ultra low doped substrates show over 50% transmission and consistent wavelength transparency past 23 m with improved %T at low temperature. Homoepitaxy and AFM results indicate the ultra low doped GaSb has a low thermal desorbtion character and qualified morphology. In summary, improvements in room temperature IR transmission and extended wavelength characteristics have been shown consistently for ultra low doped n:GaSb substrates.

Allen, Lisa P.; Flint, Patrick; Dallas, Gordon; Bakken, Daniel; Blanchat, Kevin; Brown, Gail J.; Vangala, Shivashankar R.; Goodhue, William D.; Krishnaswami, Kannan

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Substrate misorientation effects on epitaxial GaInAsSb  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The effect of substrate misorientation on the growth of GaInAsSb was studied for epilayers grown lattice-matched to GaSb substrates by low-pressure organometallic vapor phase epitaxy. The substrates were (100) misoriented 2 or 6{degree} toward (110), (111)A, or (111)B. The surface is mirror-like and featureless for layers grown with a 6{degree} toward (111)B misorientation, while, a slight texture was observed for layers grown on all other misorientations. The optical quality of layers, as determined by the full width at half-maximum of photoluminescence spectra measured at 4K, is significantly better for layers grown on substrates with a 6{degree} toward (111)B misorientation. The incorporation of Zn as a p-type dopant in GaInAsSb is about 1.5 times more efficient on substrates with 6{degree} toward (111)B misorientation compared to 2{degree} toward (110) misorientation. The external quantum efficiency of thermophotovoltaic devices is not, however, significantly affected by substrate misorientation.

Wang, C.A.; Choi, H.K.; Oakley, D.C. [Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Lexington, MA (United States). Lincoln Lab.; Charache, G.W. [Lockheed Martin Corp., Schenectady, NY (United States)

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Solar for St. Paul | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar for St. Paul Solar for St. Paul Solar for St. Paul October 24, 2011 - 4:00pm Addthis A new 82 kilowatt solar photovoltaic installation at the RiverCentre convention complex is unveiled in the heart of downtown St. Paul. | Photo courtesy of the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy A new 82 kilowatt solar photovoltaic installation at the RiverCentre convention complex is unveiled in the heart of downtown St. Paul. | Photo courtesy of the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Chief Scientist Henry Kelly Chief Scientist Henry Kelly Chief Scientist What does this project do? The completed project will have 348 American-made solar photovoltaic panels that will generate 100,000 kilowatt hours of energy annually - enough to power nine homes for a year.

53

St. Olaf Wind Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Olaf Wind Project Olaf Wind Project Jump to: navigation, search Name St. Olaf Wind Project Facility St. Olaf Wind Project Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind Facility Status In Service Owner St. Olaf College Developer St. Olaf College Energy Purchaser St. Olaf College Location Northfield MN Coordinates 44.462389°, -93.192378° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.462389,"lon":-93.192378,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

54

Electrolux: ENERGY STAR Referral (FRA256ST2) | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FRA256ST2) Electrolux: ENERGY STAR Referral (FRA256ST2) July 7, 2011 DOE referred the matter of Electrolux room air conditioner model FRA256ST2 to the EPA for appropriate action...

55

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: DeST  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DeST DeST logo DeST, or Designers Simulation Toolkit, is a tool developed for aiding HVAC engineers to realize design by analysis, design by simulation. It can also be used...

56

Method of making AlInSb by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for producing aluminum-indium-antimony materials by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD). This invention provides a method of producing Al.sub.X In.sub.1-x Sb crystalline materials by MOCVD wherein an Al source material, an In source material and an Sb source material are supplied as a gas to a heated substrate in a chamber, said Al source material, In source material, and Sb source material decomposing at least partially below 525.degree. C. to produce Al.sub.x In.sub.1-x Sb crystalline materials wherein x is greater than 0.002 and less than one.

Biefeld, Robert M. (Albuquerque, NM); Allerman, Andrew A. (Albuquerque, NM); Baucom, Kevin C. (Albuquerque, NM)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Arizona's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Contents Contents 1 Registered Research Institutions in Arizona's 1st congressional district 2 Registered Networking Organizations in Arizona's 1st congressional district 3 Registered Energy Companies in Arizona's 1st congressional district 4 Energy Generation Facilities in Arizona's 1st congressional district Registered Research Institutions in Arizona's 1st congressional district Northern Arizona University Registered Networking Organizations in Arizona's 1st congressional district Distributed Wind Energy Association Registered Energy Companies in Arizona's 1st congressional district Coolidge Petrosun Optimum Biodiesel Plant EV Solar Products Pacific Blue Energy Southwest Wind Power Southwest Windpower Inc Sunshine Arizona Wind Energy LLC Energy Generation Facilities in Arizona's 1st congressional district

58

Virginia's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Registered Energy Companies in Virginia's 1st congressional district Delta T Corporation E85 Inc Virginia Biodiesel Refinery Utility Companies in Virginia's 1st congressional...

59

NREL: Technology Transfer - 21st Industry Growth Forum ...  

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Technology Transfer 21 st Industry Growth Forum Presentations. Here you'll find presentations from NREL's 21 st Industry Growth ...

60

St. Clair, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

View History: Monthly Annual Download Data (XLS File) St. Clair, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet) St. Clair, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "namibia sb st" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

NREL: Technology Transfer - 21st Industry Growth Forum Photos  

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Technology Transfer 21 st Industry Growth Forum Photos. From NREL's 21st Industry Growth Forum on Oct. 28-30, 2008, in Denver ...

62

South Carolina's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Policy Organizations in South Carolina's 1st congressional district Coastal Conservation League Registered Energy Companies in South Carolina's 1st congressional district...

63

1st NIFS-CRC Int. Symp. and 1st Korea-Japan WS, 5/20-22, 2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1st NIFS-CRC Int. Symp. and 1st Korea-Japan WS, 5/20-22, 2007 1 Excitation of atomic hydrogen at metal surfaces promoted by proton motion Daiji Kato NIFS #12;1st NIFS-CRC Int. Symp. and 1st Korea of the excited state formation. · Conclusion #12;1st NIFS-CRC Int. Symp. and 1st Korea-Japan WS, 5/20-22, 2007 3

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

64

Temperature dependence of the dielectric response of AlSb  

SciTech Connect

Spectroscopic ellipometry was used to determine the optical response of an intrinsic AlSb film as a function of temperature. The 1.5 {mu}m thick film was grown on a (001) GaAs substrate by molecular beam epitaxy. Measurements were done at temperatures from 300 K to the growth temperature of 800 K over a spectral range of 0.7 to 5.0 eV. To avoid oxidation artifacts, measurements were done with the film in situ. The data were analyzed using a parametric semiconductor model for its temperature dependence.

Jung, Y. W.; Kim, T. J.; Kim, Y. D. [Nano-Optical Property Laboratory and Department of Physics, Kyung Hee University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Shin, S. H.; Kim, S. Y.; Song, J. D. [Center for Spintronics Research, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

65

Tank 40 Final SB7b Chemical Characterization Results  

SciTech Connect

A sample of Sludge Batch 7b (SB7b) was taken from Tank 40 in order to obtain radionuclide inventory analyses necessary for compliance with the Waste Acceptance Product Specifications (WAPS). The SB7b WAPS sample was also analyzed for chemical composition including noble metals and fissile constituents. At the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) the 3-L Tank 40 SB7b sample was transferred from the shipping container into a 4-L high density polyethylene bottle and solids were allowed to settle over the weekend. Supernate was then siphoned off and circulated through the shipping container to complete the transfer of the sample. Following thorough mixing of the 3-L sample, a 558 g sub-sample was removed. This sub-sample was then utilized for all subsequent analytical samples. Eight separate aliquots of the slurry were digested, four with HNO{sub 3}/HCl (aqua regia) in sealed Teflon? vessels and four with NaOH/Na{sub 2}O{sub 2} (alkali or peroxide fusion) using Zr crucibles. Two Analytical Reference Glass ? 1 (ARG-1) standards were digested along with a blank for each preparation. Each aqua regia digestion and blank was diluted to 1:100 mL with deionized water and submitted to Analytical Development (AD) for inductively coupled plasma ? atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES) analysis, inductively coupled plasma ? mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) analysis, atomic absorption spectroscopy (AA) for As and Se, and cold vapor atomic absorption spectroscopy (CV-AA) for Hg. Equivalent dilutions of the alkali fusion digestions and blank were submitted to AD for ICP-AES analysis. Tank 40 SB7b supernate was collected from a mixed slurry sample in the SRNL Shielded Cells and submitted to AD for ICP-AES, ion chromatography (IC), total base/free OH{sup -}/other base, total inorganic carbon/total organic carbon (TIC/TOC) analyses, and Cs-137 gamma scan. Weighted dilutions of slurry were submitted for IC, TIC/TOC, and total base/free OH-/other base analyses. Activities for U-233, U-235, and Pu-239 were determined from the ICP-MS data for the aqua regia digestions of the Tank 40 WAPS slurry using the specific activity of each isotope. The Pu-241 value was determined from a Pu-238/-241 method.

Bannochie, C. J.

2012-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

66

Key results from SB8 simulant flowsheet studies  

SciTech Connect

Key technically reviewed results are presented here in support of the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) acceptance of Sludge Batch 8 (SB8). This report summarizes results from simulant flowsheet studies of the DWPF Chemical Process Cell (CPC). Results include: Hydrogen generation rate for the Sludge Receipt and Adjustment Tank (SRAT) and Slurry Mix Evaporator (SME) cycles of the CPC on a 6,000 gallon basis; Volume percent of nitrous oxide, N2O, produced during the SRAT cycle; Ammonium ion concentrations recovered from the SRAT and SME off-gas; and, Dried weight percent solids (insoluble, soluble, and total) measurements and density.

Koopman, D. C.

2013-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

67

St. Paul Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Paul Biomass Facility Paul Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name St. Paul Biomass Facility Facility St. Paul Sector Biomass Owner St. Paul District Heating Location St. Paul, Minnesota Coordinates 44.9541667°, -93.1138889° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.9541667,"lon":-93.1138889,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

68

St. Mary's Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

St. Mary's Wind Farm St. Mary's Wind Farm Facility St. Mary's Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Western Resources Energy Purchaser Western Resources Location North of St. Marys KS Coordinates 39.280221°, -96.118103° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.280221,"lon":-96.118103,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

69

Strategic deterrence in the 21st century  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Issue:April 2013 All Issues submit Strategic deterrence in the 21st century U.S. nuclear weapons capability is second to none. Are we in danger of losing that edge? March...

70

City of St. George- Net Metering  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The St. George City Council adopted a [http://www.sgcity.org/wp/power/NetMeteringPolicy.pdf net-metering program for area utilities], including interconnection procedures, in October 2005.* The...

71

AlGaAsSb buffer/barrier on GaAs substrate for InAs channel devices with high electron mobility and practical reliability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: AlGaAsSb, Hall elements, InAs, Sb, buffer/barriers, deep quantum well, field effect transistors, reliability

S. Miya; S. Muramatsu; N. Kuze; K. Nagase; T. Iwabuchi; A. Ichii; M. Ozaki; I. Shibasaki

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

GaSb/GaP compliant interface for high electron mobility AlSb/InAs heterostructures on (001) GaP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report on the epitaxial growth of an AlSb/InAs heterostructure on a (001) GaP substrate. We investigate the conditions for the most efficient relaxation of GaSb islands on GaP. In particular, we show that the GaP surface treatment and the growth temperature are crucial for the formation of a two-dimensional periodic array of 90 deg. misfit dislocations at the episubstrate interface. With this relaxation process, an AlSb/InAs heterostructure exhibiting a room temperature mobility of 25 500 cm{sup 2} V{sup -1} s{sup -1} on GaP is demonstrated. This result paves the way to the integration of Sb-based devices on Si substrates through the use of GaP/Si templates.

El Kazzi, S.; Desplanque, L.; Coinon, C.; Wallart, X. [Institut d'Electronique, de Microelectronique, et de Nanotechnologie, UMR-CNRS 8520, BP 60069, 59652 Villeneuve d'Ascq Cedex (France); Wang, Y.; Ruterana, P. [CIMAP UMR 6252 CNRS-ENSICAEN-CEA-UCBN, 6, Boulevard du Marechal Juin, 14050 Caen Cedex (France)

2010-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

73

Structural studies and optical and electrical properties of novel Gd3+-doped Sb2Se3 nanorods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gd3+-doped Sb2Se3 nanorods were synthesized by coreduction method at 180C and pH = 12 for 48 h. Powder XRD patterns indicate that the GdxSb2-xSe3 crystals (x ...

Abdolali Alemi; Younes Hanifehpour; Sang Woo Joo; Bong-Ki Min; Tae Hwan Oh

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Observation of Band Alignment Transition in InAs/GaAsSb Quantum Dots by Photoluminescence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The band alignment of InAs quantum dots (QDs) embedded in GaAsSb barriers with various Sb compositions is investigated by photoluminescence (PL) measurements. InAs/GaAsSb samples with 13% and 15% Sb compositions show distinct differences in emission spectra as the PL excitation power increases. Whilst no discernible shift is seen for the 13% sample, a blue-shift of PL spectra following a 1/3 exponent of the excitation power is observed for the 15% sample suggesting a transition from a type I to type II band alignment. Time-resolved PL data show a significant increase in carrier lifetime as the Sb composition increases between 13% and 15% implying that the transformation from a type I to type II band alignment occurs between 13% and 15% Sb compositions. These results taken together lead to the conclusion that a zero valence band offset (VBO) can be achieved for the InAs/GaAsSb system in the vicinity of 14% Sb composition.

Ban, K. Y.; Kuciauskas, D.; Bremner, S. P.; Honsberg, C. B.

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

75

SB 4 Interim Well Stimulation Treatment Regulations Notice of Proposed Emergency Rulemaking Action  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SB 4 Interim Well Stimulation Treatment Regulations Notice of Proposed Emergency Rulemaking Action Page 1 of 10 SB 4 INTERIM WELL STIMULATION TREATMENT REGULATIONS NOTICE OF PROPOSED EMERGENCY that the California Department of Conservation (Department) proposes to adopt emergency regulations necessary

76

GaInAsSb materials for thermophotovoltaics  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Ga{sub 1{minus}x}In{sub x}As{sub 1{minus}y}Sb{sub y} (0.06 < x < 0.2, 0.05 < y < 0.18) epilayers were grown lattice-matched to GaSb substrates by organometallic vapor phase epitaxy (OMVPE) and molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). For lattice-matched alloys, mirror-like surface morphologies were obtained by both OMVPE and MBE. The 4K photoluminescence (PL) of all layers had a full-width at half-maximum (FWHM) of less than 10 meV for PL peak emission < 1.9 {micro}m. PL FWHM increased to 30 meV for peak emission {approximately}2.12 {micro}m for OMVPE-grown layers. Nominally undoped layers are p-type with typical 300 K hole concentration of {approximately}9 {times} 10{sup 15} cm{sup {minus}3} and hole mobility {approximately}450 to 580 cm{sup 2}/V-s for OMVPE-grown layers, p- and n-type doping is reported for layers grown with either technique. The ideality factor of diode structures is {approximately}2 for both techniques.

Wang, C.A.; Turner, G.W.; Manfra, M.J.; Choi, H.K.; Spears, D.L. [Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Lexington, MA (United States). Lincoln Lab.

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Event:Sustainable Biomass for Electricity Conference (SB4E) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biomass for Electricity Conference (SB4E) Biomass for Electricity Conference (SB4E) Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png Sustainable Biomass for Electricity Conference (SB4E): on 2012/05/02 The Conference on Sustainable Biomass for Electricity (SB4E), organized by UN-Energy in cooperation with the Global Bioenergy Partnership (GBEP) and other partners, will consider the role of biomass technologies in decarbonizing the global energy system. Acknowledging the readily available and cost effective potential for emission reductions that could be achieved through the large-scale deployment of sustainable biomass for electricity production, the SB4E Conference will provide an opportunity for governments, international organizations and the private sector to share knowledge, lessons, best practices and experiences and to join efforts

78

The quantum efficiency of InGaAsSb thermophotovoltaic diodes  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Uncoated InGaAsSb/GaSb thermophotovoltaic (TPV) diodes with 0.56 eV (2.2 {micro}m) bandgaps exhibit external quantum efficiencies of 59% at 2 {micro}m, which corresponds to an internal quantum efficiency of 95%. The structures were grown by molecular-beam epitaxy. The devices have electron diffusion lengths as long as 29 {micro}m in 8-{micro}m-wide p-InGaAsSb layers and hole diffusion lengths of 3 {micro}m in 6-{micro}m-wide n-InGaAsSb layers. The electron and hole diffusion lengths appear to increase with increasing p- and n-layer widths, respectively. These excellent minority carrier transport properties of InGaAsSb are well-suited to efficient TPV diode operation.

Martinelli, R.U.; Garbuzov, D.Z.; Lee, H.; Morris, N.; Odubanjo, T.; Taylor, G.C.; Connolly, J.C. [Sarnoff Corp., Princeton, NJ (United States)

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Nebraska's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nebraska. Nebraska. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Nebraska's 1st congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in Nebraska's 1st congressional district 3 Registered Energy Companies in Nebraska's 1st congressional district 4 Utility Companies in Nebraska's 1st congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Nebraska's 1st congressional district Cuming County Public Power District Smart Grid Project Stanton County Public Power District Smart Grid Project Registered Research Institutions in Nebraska's 1st congressional district University of Nebraska-Lincoln and University of Florida (Building Energy Efficient Homes for America) Registered Energy Companies in Nebraska's 1st congressional district Axis Technologies Group Inc

80

California's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

California. California. Contents 1 Registered Research Institutions in California's 1st congressional district 2 Registered Policy Organizations in California's 1st congressional district 3 Registered Energy Companies in California's 1st congressional district 4 Energy Generation Facilities in California's 1st congressional district Registered Research Institutions in California's 1st congressional district California Lighting Technology Center (University of California, Davis) Western Cooling Efficiency Center Registered Policy Organizations in California's 1st congressional district California Fuel Cell Partnership Solar Living Institute Registered Energy Companies in California's 1st congressional district AMG Energy Advanced Energy Products Advanced Energy Products Corp AEP

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "namibia sb st" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Washington's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1st congressional district: Energy Resources 1st congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Washington. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Washington's 1st congressional district 2 Registered Networking Organizations in Washington's 1st congressional district 3 Registered Energy Companies in Washington's 1st congressional district 4 Registered Financial Organizations in Washington's 1st congressional district 5 Utility Companies in Washington's 1st congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Washington's 1st congressional district Snohomish County Public Utilities District Smart Grid Project Registered Networking Organizations in Washington's 1st congressional

82

Colorado's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Colorado's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources Colorado's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Colorado. Contents 1 Registered Research Institutions in Colorado's 1st congressional district 2 Registered Networking Organizations in Colorado's 1st congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in Colorado's 1st congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in Colorado's 1st congressional district 5 Registered Financial Organizations in Colorado's 1st congressional district 6 Energy Incentives for Colorado's 1st congressional district Registered Research Institutions in Colorado's 1st congressional district Colorado Renewable Energy Collaboratory

83

Oregon's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Oregon's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources Oregon's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Oregon. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Oregon's 1st congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in Oregon's 1st congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in Oregon's 1st congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in Oregon's 1st congressional district 5 Registered Financial Organizations in Oregon's 1st congressional district 6 Utility Companies in Oregon's 1st congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Oregon's 1st congressional district Pacific Northwest Generating Cooperative Smart Grid Project

84

Texas's 21st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Texas. Texas. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Texas's 21st congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in Texas's 21st congressional district 3 Registered Networking Organizations in Texas's 21st congressional district 4 Registered Policy Organizations in Texas's 21st congressional district 5 Registered Energy Companies in Texas's 21st congressional district 6 Registered Financial Organizations in Texas's 21st congressional district 7 Utility Companies in Texas's 21st congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Texas's 21st congressional district Center for the Commercialization of Electric Technologies Smart Grid Demonstration Project Pecan Street Project, Inc. Smart Grid Demonstration Project Registered Research Institutions in Texas's 21st congressional district

85

Idaho's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Idaho's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources Idaho's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Idaho. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Idaho's 1st congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in Idaho's 1st congressional district 3 Registered Energy Companies in Idaho's 1st congressional district 4 Energy Generation Facilities in Idaho's 1st congressional district 5 Utility Companies in Idaho's 1st congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Idaho's 1st congressional district Idaho Power Company Smart Grid Project M2M Communications Smart Grid Project Registered Research Institutions in Idaho's 1st congressional district

86

New York's 21st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1st congressional district: Energy Resources 1st congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in New York. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in New York's 21st congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in New York's 21st congressional district 3 Registered Networking Organizations in New York's 21st congressional district 4 Registered Policy Organizations in New York's 21st congressional district 5 Registered Energy Companies in New York's 21st congressional district 6 Registered Financial Organizations in New York's 21st congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in New York's 21st congressional district

87

DWPF SIMULANT CPC STUDIES FOR SB7B  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lab-scale DWPF simulations of Sludge Batch 7b (SB7b) processing were performed. Testing was performed at the Savannah River National Laboratory - Aiken County Technology Laboratory (SRNL-ACTL). The primary goal of the simulations was to define a likely operating window for acid stoichiometry for the DWPF Sludge Receipt and Adjustment Tank (SRAT). In addition, the testing established conditions for the SRNL Shielded Cells qualification simulation of SB7b-Tank 40 blend, supported validation of the current glass redox model, and validated the coupled process flowsheet at the nominal acid stoichiometry. An acid window of 105-140% by the Koopman minimum acid (KMA) equation (107-142% DWPF Hsu equation) worked for the sludge-only flowsheet. Nitrite was present in the SRAT product for the 105% KMA run at 366 mg/kg, while SME cycle hydrogen reached 94% of the DWPF Slurry Mix Evaporator (SME) cycle limit in the 140% KMA run. The window was determined for sludge with added caustic (0.28M additional base, or roughly 12,000 gallons 50% NaOH to 820,000 gallons waste slurry). A suitable processing window appears to be 107-130% DWPF acid equation for sludge-only processing allowing some conservatism for the mapping of lab-scale simulant data to full-scale real waste processing including potentially non-conservative noble metal and mercury concentrations. This window should be usable with or without the addition of up to 7,000 gallons of caustic to the batch. The window could potentially be wider if caustic is not added to SB7b. It is recommended that DWPF begin processing SB7b at 115% stoichiometry using the current DWPF equation. The factor could be increased if necessary, but changes should be made with caution and in small increments. DWPF should not concentrate past 48 wt.% total solids in the SME cycle if moderate hydrogen generation is occurring simultaneously. The coupled flowsheet simulation made more hydrogen in the SRAT and SME cycles than the sludge-only run with the same acid stoichiometric factor. The slow acid addition in MCU seemed to alter the reactions that consumed the small excess acid present such that hydrogen generation was promoted relative to sludge-only processing. The coupled test reached higher wt.% total solids, and this likely contributed to the SME cycle hydrogen limit being exceeded at 110% KMA. It is clear from the trends in the SME processing GC data, however, that the frit slurry formic acid contributed to driving the hydrogen generation rate above the SME cycle limit. Hydrogen generation rates after the second frit addition generally exceeded those after the first frit addition. SRAT formate loss increased with increasing acid stoichiometry (15% to 35%). A substantial nitrate gain which was observed to have occurred after acid addition (and nitrite destruction) was reversed to a net nitrate loss in runs with higher acid stoichiometry (nitrate in SRAT product less than sum of sludge nitrate and added nitric acid). Increased ammonium ion formation was also indicated in the runs with nitrate loss. Oxalate loss on the order 20% was indicated in three of the four acid stoichiometry runs and in the coupled flowsheet run. The minimum acid stoichiometry run had no indicated loss. The losses were of the same order as the official analytical uncertainty of the oxalate concentration measurement, but were not randomly distributed about zero loss, so some actual loss was likely occurring. Based on the entire set of SB7b test data, it is recommended that DWPF avoid concentrating additional sludge solids in single SRAT batches to limit the concentrations of noble metals to SB7a processing levels (on a grams noble metal per SRAT batch basis). It is also recommended that DWPF drop the formic acid addition that accompanies the process frit 418 additions, since SME cycle data showed considerable catalytic activity for hydrogen generation from this additional acid (about 5% increase in stoichiometry occurred from the frit formic acid). Frit 418 also does not appear to need formic acid addition to prevent gel formation in

Koopman, D.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

DWPF SIMULANT CPC STUDIES FOR SB7B  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Lab-scale DWPF simulations of Sludge Batch 7b (SB7b) processing were performed. Testing was performed at the Savannah River National Laboratory - Aiken County Technology Laboratory (SRNL-ACTL). The primary goal of the simulations was to define a likely operating window for acid stoichiometry for the DWPF Sludge Receipt and Adjustment Tank (SRAT). In addition, the testing established conditions for the SRNL Shielded Cells qualification simulation of SB7b-Tank 40 blend, supported validation of the current glass redox model, and validated the coupled process flowsheet at the nominal acid stoichiometry. An acid window of 105-140% by the Koopman minimum acid (KMA) equation (107-142% DWPF Hsu equation) worked for the sludge-only flowsheet. Nitrite was present in the SRAT product for the 105% KMA run at 366 mg/kg, while SME cycle hydrogen reached 94% of the DWPF Slurry Mix Evaporator (SME) cycle limit in the 140% KMA run. The window was determined for sludge with added caustic (0.28M additional base, or roughly 12,000 gallons 50% NaOH to 820,000 gallons waste slurry). A suitable processing window appears to be 107-130% DWPF acid equation for sludge-only processing allowing some conservatism for the mapping of lab-scale simulant data to full-scale real waste processing including potentially non-conservative noble metal and mercury concentrations. This window should be usable with or without the addition of up to 7,000 gallons of caustic to the batch. The window could potentially be wider if caustic is not added to SB7b. It is recommended that DWPF begin processing SB7b at 115% stoichiometry using the current DWPF equation. The factor could be increased if necessary, but changes should be made with caution and in small increments. DWPF should not concentrate past 48 wt.% total solids in the SME cycle if moderate hydrogen generation is occurring simultaneously. The coupled flowsheet simulation made more hydrogen in the SRAT and SME cycles than the sludge-only run with the same acid stoichiometric factor. The slow acid addition in MCU seemed to alter the reactions that consumed the small excess acid present such that hydrogen generation was promoted relative to sludge-only processing. The coupled test reached higher wt.% total solids, and this likely contributed to the SME cycle hydrogen limit being exceeded at 110% KMA. It is clear from the trends in the SME processing GC data, however, that the frit slurry formic acid contributed to driving the hydrogen generation rate above the SME cycle limit. Hydrogen generation rates after the second frit addition generally exceeded those after the first frit addition. SRAT formate loss increased with increasing acid stoichiometry (15% to 35%). A substantial nitrate gain which was observed to have occurred after acid addition (and nitrite destruction) was reversed to a net nitrate loss in runs with higher acid stoichiometry (nitrate in SRAT product less than sum of sludge nitrate and added nitric acid). Increased ammonium ion formation was also indicated in the runs with nitrate loss. Oxalate loss on the order 20% was indicated in three of the four acid stoichiometry runs and in the coupled flowsheet run. The minimum acid stoichiometry run had no indicated loss. The losses were of the same order as the official analytical uncertainty of the oxalate concentration measurement, but were not randomly distributed about zero loss, so some actual loss was likely occurring. Based on the entire set of SB7b test data, it is recommended that DWPF avoid concentrating additional sludge solids in single SRAT batches to limit the concentrations of noble metals to SB7a processing levels (on a grams noble metal per SRAT batch basis). It is also recommended that DWPF drop the formic acid addition that accompanies the process frit 418 additions, since SME cycle data showed considerable catalytic activity for hydrogen generation from this additional acid (about 5% increase in stoichiometry occurred from the frit formic acid). Frit 418 also does not appear to need formic acid addition to prevent gel formation in

Koopman, D.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

GaSb/GaAs quantum dot formation and demolition studied with cross-sectional scanning tunneling microscopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a cross-sectional scanning tunneling microscopy study of GaSb/GaAs quantum dots grown by molecular beam epitaxy. Various nanostructures are observed as a function of the growth parameters. During growth, relaxation of the high local strain fields of the nanostructures plays an important role in their formation. Pyramidal dots with a high Sb content are often accompanied by threading dislocations above them. GaSb ring formation is favored by the use of a thin GaAs first cap layer and a high growth temperature of the second cap layer. At these capping conditions, strain-driven Sb diffusion combined with As/Sb exchange and Sb segregation remove the center of a nanostructure, creating a ring. Clusters of GaSb without a well defined morphology also appear regularly, often with a highly inhomogeneous structure which is sometimes divided up in fragments.

Smakman, E. P.; Garleff, J. K.; Rambabu, P.; Koenraad, P. M. [Department of Applied Physics, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven 5612 AZ (Netherlands); Young, R. J.; Hayne, M. [Department of Physics, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YB (United Kingdom)

2012-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

90

Relaxation of photoinduced spins and carriers in ferromagnetic InMnSb films  

SciTech Connect

The authors report time resolved measurements and control of photoinduced spin and carrier relaxations in InMnSb ferromagnetic films with 2% Mn content (grown by low-temperature molecular beam epitaxy) using femtosecond laser pulses, and compare them to analogous measurements on InBeSb and InSb films. In this work, magneto-optical Kerr effect and standard pump-probe techniques provided a direct measure of the photoexcited spin and carrier lifetimes, respectively. They observe decrease in relaxations times in the high laser fluence regime and an absence of temperature dependence of the relaxation times.

Nontapot, K.; Kini, R. N.; Gifford, A.; Merritt, T. R.; Khodaparast, G. A.; Wojtowicz, T.; Liu, X.; Furdyna, J. K. [Department of Physics, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061 (United States); Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland); Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States)

2007-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

91

Pennsylvania's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Pennsylvania's 1st congressional district 2 Registered Energy Companies in Pennsylvania's 1st congressional district 3 Registered Financial Organizations in Pennsylvania's 1st congressional district 4 Utility Companies in Pennsylvania's 1st congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Pennsylvania's 1st congressional district PECO Energy Company Smart Grid Project Registered Energy Companies in Pennsylvania's 1st congressional district Advanced Renewables LLC Aircuity Inc AlumiFuel Power Inc Biofuel Advanced Research and Development LLC BARD BlackGold Biofuels Blue Hill Investment Partners LLC CDI Corporation Chameleon Optics Inc Clean Markets Energy Cooperative Association of Pennsylvania

92

St. Louis County - Residential Energy Efficiency Loan Program | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

St. Louis County - Residential Energy Efficiency Loan Program St. Louis County - Residential Energy Efficiency Loan Program St. Louis County - Residential Energy Efficiency Loan Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Cooling Sealing Your Home Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Ventilation Manufacturing Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Insulation Water Heating Maximum Rebate $15,000 Program Info Funding Source St. Louis County State Missouri Program Type Local Loan Program Rebate Amount $2,500-$15,000 Provider St. Louis County St. Louis County SAVES offers loans to residents for energy efficiency improvements in owner-occupied, single-family homes. Loans are available

93

Designing Soybeans for 21st Century Markets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Designing Soybeans for the 21st Century helps implement the USB strategy to maintain a dialog with the user community on how genetic technologies are helping the US soybean industry extend its position as the preferred source of high-quality soybe

94

Michael E. Durst 44 Cummington St.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Michael E. Durst 44 Cummington St. Department of BME Boston University Boston, MA 02215 durstme sections, and graded all homework and exams #12;Michael Durst p. 2 SKILLS Nonlinear optical techniques of America 2004- present member PUBLICATIONS A. A. Straub, M. E. Durst, and C. Xu. "Video rate multiphoton

95

St.Margarets Bay Halifax Harbour  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

St.Margarets Bay Queensland Beach Bayers Lake Bedford Basin Halifax Harbour Crystal Crescent Beach Mushaboom Harbour Ship Harbour Taylor Head ATLANTIC OCEAN Dollar Lake Musquodoboit River Lake Charlotte Shad Bay Whites Lake Terence Bay Prospect Pennant Pt Herring Cove Purcells Cove 349 306 Fall River

Beaumont, Christopher

96

Hydrothermal synthesis of Sb2S3nanorods using iodine via redox mechanism  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Crystalline antimony sulfide (Sb2S3) with nanorods morphology was successfully prepared via hydrothermal method by the reaction of elemental sulfur, antimony, and iodine as starting materials with high yield at 180C for 24 ...

Abdolali Alemi; Sang Woo Joo; Younes Hanifehpour; Aliakbar Khandar; Ali Morsali; Bong-Ki Min

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Glass-like thermal transport in AgSbTe2 | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Glass-like thermal transport in AgSbTe2: nano-scale insights to improve thermoelectric efficiency May 16, 2013 Inelastic neutron scattering data showing the phonon dispersions...

98

Structure and Magnetic Properties of the RScSb Compounds (R ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

They crystallize in the tetragonal CeScSi-type structure (tI12, I4/ mmm, an ordered variant of the La2Sb-type). The lattice...

99

Intense terahertz emission from molecular beam epitaxy-grown GaAs/GaSb(001)  

SciTech Connect

Intense terahertz (THz) electromagnetic wave emission was observed in undoped GaAs thin films deposited on (100) n-GaSb substrates via molecular beam epitaxy. GaAs/n-GaSb heterostructures were found to be viable THz sources having signal amplitude 75% that of bulk p-InAs. The GaAs films were grown by interruption method during the growth initiation and using various metamorphic buffer layers. Reciprocal space maps revealed that the GaAs epilayers are tensile relaxed. Defects at the i-GaAs/n-GaSb interface were confirmed by scanning electron microscope images. Band calculations were performed to infer the depletion region and electric field at the i-GaAs/n-GaSb and the air-GaAs interfaces. However, the resulting band calculations were found to be insufficient to explain the THz emission. The enhanced THz emission is currently attributed to a piezoelectric field induced by incoherent strain and defects.

Sadia, Cyril P.; Laganapan, Aleena Maria; Agatha Tumanguil, Mae; Estacio, Elmer; Somintac, Armando; Salvador, Arnel [National Institute of Physics, University of the Philippines Diliman, Quezon City 1101 (Philippines); Que, Christopher T. [Physics Department, De La Salle University, 2401 Taft Avenue, Manila 1004 (Philippines); Yamamoto, Kohji; Tani, Masahiko [Research Center for Development of Far-Infrared Region, University of Fukui, Fukui 910-8507 (Japan)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

100

Maine's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Maine's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources Maine's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Maine. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Maine's 1st congressional district 2 Registered Energy Companies in Maine's 1st congressional district 3 Registered Financial Organizations in Maine's 1st congressional district 4 Utility Companies in Maine's 1st congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Maine's 1st congressional district Central Maine Power Company Smart Grid Project Registered Energy Companies in Maine's 1st congressional district Ascendant Energy Company Inc Criterium Engineers International WoodFuels LLC

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "namibia sb st" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

New Mexico's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mexico's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources Mexico's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in New Mexico. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in New Mexico's 1st congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in New Mexico's 1st congressional district 3 Registered Energy Companies in New Mexico's 1st congressional district 4 Energy Generation Facilities in New Mexico's 1st congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in New Mexico's 1st congressional district Ktech Corporation Smart Grid Demonstration Project Public Service Company of New Mexico Smart Grid Demonstration Project Registered Research Institutions in New Mexico's 1st congressional district

102

Louisiana's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1st congressional district 1st congressional district 2 Registered Energy Companies in Louisiana's 1st congressional district 3 Energy Incentives for Louisiana's 1st congressional district 4 Utility Companies in Louisiana's 1st congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Louisiana's 1st congressional district Entergy New Orleans, Inc. Smart Grid Project Entergy Services, Inc. Smart Grid Project Registered Energy Companies in Louisiana's 1st congressional district GT Energy Green Coast Enterprises New Orleans Preservation Research Center Sun Energy Group LLC Wayne Troyer & Associates Energy Incentives for Louisiana's 1st congressional district Climate Action Plan (New Orleans) JOB1 Workforce Development and Business Support (New Orleans, Louisiana) Net Metering (New Orleans, Louisiana)

103

Cu2Sb thin film electrodes prepared by pulsed laser deposition f or lithium batteries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Thin films of Cu2Sb, prepared on stainless steel and copper substrates with a pulsed laser deposition technique at room temperature, have been evaluated as electrodes in lithium cells. The electrodes operate by a lithium insertion/copper extrusion reaction mechanism, the reversibility of which is superior when copper substrates are used, particularly when electrochemical cycling is restricted to the voltage range 0.65-1.4 V vs. Li/Li+. The superior performance of Cu2Sb films on copper is attributed to the more active participation of the extruded copper in the functioning of the electrode. The continual and extensive extrusion of copper on cycling the cells leads to the isolation of Li3Sb particles and a consequent formation of Sb. Improved cycling stability of both types of electrodes was obtained when cells were cycled between 0.65 and 1.4 V. A low-capacity lithium-ion cell with Cu2Sb and LiNi0.8Co0.15Al0.05O2 electrodes, laminated from powders, shows excellent cycling stability over the voltage range 3.15 - 2.2 V, the potential difference corresponding to approximately 0.65-1.4 V for the Cu2Sb electrode vs. Li/Li+. Chemical self-discharge of lithiated Cu2Sb electrodes by reaction with the electrolyte was severe when cells were allowed to relax on open circuit after reaching a lower voltage limit of 0.1 V. The solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) layer formed on Cu2Sb electrodes after cells had been cycled between 1.4 and 0.65 V vs. Li/Li+ was characterized by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy; the SEI layer contributes to the large irreversible capacity loss on the initial cycle of these cells. The data contribute to a better understanding of the electrochemical behavior of intermetallic electrodes in rechargeable lithium batteries.

Song, Seung-Wan; Reade, Ronald P.; Cairns, Elton J.; Vaughey, Jack T.; Thackeray, Michael M.; Striebel, Kathryn A.

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

1st FY 2001 Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Taken from PL 107-38 1st FY 2001 Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act. An Act. Making emergency supplemental ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

105

Ab-Initio Determination of Novel Crystal Structures of the Thermoelectric Material MgAgSb  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Materials with the half-Heusler structure possess interesting electrical and magnetic properties, including potential for thermoelectric applications. MgAgSb is compositionally and structurally related to many half-Heusler materials, but has not been extensively studied. This work presents the high-temperature X-ray diffraction analysis of MgAgSb between 27 and 420 C, complemented with thermoelectric property measurements. MgAgSb is found to exist in three different structures in this temperature region, taking the half-Heusler structure at high temperatures, a Cu2Sb-related structure at intermediate temperatures, and a previously unreported tetragonal structure at room temperature. All three structures are related by a distorted Mg-Sb rocksalt-type sublattice, differing primarily in the Ag location among the available tetrahedral sites. Transition temperatures between the three phases correlate well with discontinuities in the Seebeck coefficient and electrical conductivity; the best performance occurs with the novel room temperature phase. For application of MgAgSb as a thermoelectric material, it may be desirable to develop methods to stabilize the room temperature phase at higher temperatures.

Kirkham, Melanie J [ORNL; Moreira Dos Santos, Antonio F [ORNL; Rawn, Claudia J [ORNL; Lara-Curzio, Edgar [ORNL; Sharp, Jeff W. [Marlow Industries, Inc; Thompson, Alan [Marlow Industries, Inc

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Baseline risk assessment for exposure to contaminants at the St. Louis Site, St. Louis, Missouri  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The St. Louis Site comprises three noncontiguous areas in and near St. Louis, Missouri: the St. Louis Downtown Site (SLDS), the St. Louis Airport Storage Site (SLAPS), and the Latty Avenue Properties. The main site of the Latty Avenue Properties includes the Hazelwood Interim Storage Site (HISS) and the Futura Coatings property, which are located at 9200 Latty Avenue. Contamination at the St. Louis Site is the result of uranium processing and disposal activities that took place from the 1940s through the 1970s. Uranium processing took place at the SLDS from 1942 through 1957. From the 1940s through the 1960s, SLAPS was used as a storage area for residues from the manufacturing operations at SLDS. The materials stored at SLAPS were bought by Continental Mining and Milling Company of Chicago, Illinois, in 1966, and moved to the HISS/Futura Coatings property at 9200 Latty Avenue. Vicinity properties became contaminated as a result of transport and movement of the contaminated material among SLDS, SLAPS, and the 9200 Latty Avenue property. This contamination led to the SLAPS, HISS, and Futura Coatings properties being placed on the National Priorities List (NPL) of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The US Department of Energy (DOE) is responsible for cleanup activities at the St. Louis Site under its Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP). The primary goal of FUSRAP is the elimination of potential hazards to human health and the environment at former Manhattan Engineer District/Atomic Energy Commission (MED/AEC) sites so that, to the extent possible, these properties can be released for use without restrictions. To determine and establish cleanup goals for the St. Louis Site, DOE is currently preparing a remedial investigation/feasibility study-environmental impact statement (RI/FS-EIS). This baseline risk assessment (BRA) is a component of the process; it addresses potential risk to human health and the environment associated wi

Not Available

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

1994 SSRL 21st USERS MEETING  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SSRL 21st USERS MEETING SSRL 21st USERS MEETING SSRL 12 Oct 1994 October 17-18, 1994, SLAC Auditorium PROGRAM MONDAY, OCTOBER 17 7:30 Registration and Continental Breakfast - Auditorium Breezeway SESSION I Chair: Louis Terminello 8:30 Welcome - L. Terminello (LLNL) 8:35 SSRL Director's Report - A. Bienenstock (SSRL) 9:15 SSRLUO Report - J. Kortright (LBL) 9:30 Report from Washington - W. Oosterhuis (DOE) 9:45 Coffee Break SESSION II Surface and Reduced Dimensional Studies Chair: Charles Fadley lO:15 Ultra-trace Metal Analysis of Sillcon Wafer Surfaces using Synchrotron Radiation - A. Fischer-Colbrie (Hewlett-Packard) 10:35 Determination of Nanoscale Magnetic Structure from Photoelectron Spectroscopy and Diffraction using Magnetic X-ray Circular Dichroism - J. Tobin (LLNL) 10:55 Quantitative Determination of Magnetic Moments with Circularly

108

St Croix Electric Coop | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Croix Electric Coop Croix Electric Coop Jump to: navigation, search Name St Croix Electric Coop Place Wisconsin Utility Id 17868 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Residential Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.1150/kWh Commercial: $0.0912/kWh Industrial: $0.0899/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=St_Croix_Electric_Coop&oldid=411603" Categories: EIA Utility Companies and Aliases

109

Green St Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

St. Energy St. Energy Place Tehachapi, California Zip 93561 Sector Wind energy Product California-based OTC-quoted wind energy project developer. Coordinates 35.132245°, -118.449114° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.132245,"lon":-118.449114,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

110

Sb(III) and Sb(V) Sorption onto Al-Rich Phases: Hydrous Al Oxide and the Clay Minerals Kaolinite KGa-1b and Oxidized and Reduced Nontronite NAu-1  

SciTech Connect

We have studied the immobilization of Sb(III) and Sb(V) by Al-rich phases - hydrous Al oxide (HAO), kaolinite (KGa-1b), and oxidized and reduced nontronite (NAu-1) - using batch experiments to determine the uptake capacity and the kinetics of adsorption and Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (EXAFS) Spectroscopy to characterize the molecular environment of adsorbed Sb. Both Sb(III) and Sb(V) are adsorbed in an inner-sphere mode on the surfaces of the studied substrates. The observed adsorption geometry is mostly bidentate corner-sharing, with some monodentate complexes. The kinetics of adsorption is relatively slow (on the order of days), and equilibrium adsorption isotherms are best fit using the Freundlich model. The oxidation state of the structural Fe within nontronite affects the adsorption capacity: if the clay is reduced, the adsorption capacity of Sb(III) is slightly decreased, while Sb(V) uptake is increased significantly. This may be a result of the presence of dissolved Fe(II) in the reduced nontronite suspensions or associated with the structural rearrangements in nontronite due to reduction. These research findings indicate that Sb can be effectively immobilized by Al-rich phases. The increase in Sb(V) uptake in response to reducing structural Fe in clay can be important in natural settings since Fe-rich clays commonly go through oxidation-reduction cycles in response to changing redox conditions.

Ilgen, Anastasia G.; Trainor, Thomas P. (Alaska Fairbanks)

2012-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

111

Magnetic order near 270 K in mineral and synthetic Mn 2 FeSbO 6 ilmenite  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The structural and magnetic properties of Mn 2 FeSbO 6 single-crystalline mineral and ceramic samples synthesized under thermobaric treatment have been investigated

R. Mathieu; S. A. Ivanov; G. V. Bazuev; M. Hudl; P. Lazor; I. V. Solovyev; P. Nordblad

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Structure and Magnetic Properties of Cu3Ni2SbO6 and Cu3Co2SbO6 Delafossites with Honeycomb Lattices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The crystal structures of two Delafossites, Cu3Ni2SbO6 and Cu3Co2SbO6, are determined by high resolution synchrotron powder X-ray diffraction. The Ni and Co are ordered with respect to Sb in the layer of edge sharing octahedra, forming magnetic layers with honeycomb geometry. High-resolution electron microscopy confirms ordering, and selected-area electron diffraction patterns identify examples of the stacking polytypes. Low temperature synthetic treatments result in disordered stacking of the layers, but heating just below their melting points results in nearly fully ordered stacking variants. The major variant in both cases is a monoclinic distortion of a 6-layer Delafossite polytype, but a significant amount of a 2-layer polytype is also present for the Ni case. The antiferromagnetic ordering with transitions, at 22.3 and 18.5 K for Ni and Co variants, respectively, is investigated by temperature and field dependent magnetization, as well as specific heat. The sharp magnetic transitions support the presence of well developed 2:1 ordering of the Co:Sb or Ni:Sb ions in the honeycomb layers. Neutron diffraction measurements at 4 K are used to determine the magnetic structures. For both the Ni and Co phases, the propagation vector is k = [100], and can be described as alternating ferromagnetic chains in the metal-oxide plane giving an overall antiferromagntic zigzag alignment. While orientation of the magnetic moments of the Co is along the b-axis, the Ni moments are in the ac plane, approximately parallel to the stacking direction. Bulk magnetization properties are discussed in terms of their magnetic structures.

Roudebush, J. H. [Princeton University; Andersen, N. [Technical University of Denmark; Ramlau, R. [Max Planck Institute for the Chemical Physics of Solids; Garlea, Vasile O [ORNL; Toft-Petersen, R. [Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin; Norby, P. [Technical University of Denmark; Schneider, R. [Laboratory for Electron Microscopy, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology; Hay, J. N. [Princeton University; Cava, R J [Princeton University

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Element-specific study of the temperature dependent magnetization of Co-Mn-Sb thin films  

SciTech Connect

Magnetron sputtered thin Co-Mn-Sb films were investigated with respect to their element-specific magnetic properties. Stoichiometric Co{sub 1}Mn{sub 1}Sb{sub 1} crystallized in the C1{sub b} structure has been predicted to be half-metallic and is therefore of interest for spintronics applications. It should show a characteristic antiferromagnetic coupling of the Mn and Co magnetic moments and a transition temperature T{sub C} of about 480K. Although the observed transition temperature of our 20nm thick Co{sub 32.4}Mn{sub 33.7}Sb{sub 33.8}, Co{sub 37.7}Mn{sub 34.1}Sb{sub 28.2} and Co{sub 43.2}Mn{sub 32.6}Sb{sub 24.2} films is in quite good agreement with the expected value, we found a ferromagnetic coupling of the Mn and Co magnetic moments which indicates that the films do not crystallize in the C1{sub b} structure and are probably not fully spin-polarized. The ratio of the Co and Mn moments does not change up to the transition temperature and the temperature dependence of the magnetic moments can be well described by the mean field theory.

Schmalhorst, J.; Ebke, D.; Meinert, M.; Thomas, A.; Reiss, G.; Arenholz, E.

2008-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

114

Performance Study of K2CsSb Photocathode Inside a DC High Voltage Gun  

SciTech Connect

In the past decade, there has been considerable interest in the generation of tens of mA average current in a photoinjector. Until recently, GaAs:Cs cathodes and K{sub 2}CsSb cathodes have been tested successfully in DC and RF injectors respectively for this application. Our goal is to test the K{sub 2}CsSb photocathode inside a DC gun. Since the multialkali cathode is a compound with constant characteristics over its entire thickness, we anticipate that the lifetime issues seen in GaAs:Cs due to surface damage by ion bombardment would be minimized. Hence successful operation of the K{sub 2}CsSb cathode in a DC gun could lead to a relatively robust electron source capable of delivering ampere level currents. In order to test the performance of a K{sub 2}CsSb cathode in a DC gun, we have designed and built a load lock system that allows the fabrication of the cathode at Brookhaven National Lab (BNL) and its testing at Jefferson Lab (JLab). In this paper, we will present the performance of the K{sub 2}CsSb photocathode in the preparation chamber and in the DC gun.

McCarter J. L.; Rao T.; Smedley, J.; Grames, J.; Mammei, R.; Poelker, M.; Suleiman, R.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Semiconductor structures having electrically insulating and conducting portions formed from an AlSb-alloy layer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A semiconductor structure. The semiconductor structure comprises a plurality of semiconductor layers formed on a substrate including at least one layer of a III-V compound semiconductor alloy comprising aluminum (Al) and antimony (Sb), with at least a part of the AlSb-alloy layer being chemically converted by an oxidation process to form superposed electrically insulating and electrically conducting portions. The electrically insulating portion formed from the AlSb-alloy layer comprises an oxide of aluminum (e.g. Al.sub.2 O.sub.3), while the electrically conducting portion comprises Sb. A lateral oxidation process allows formation of the superposed insulating and conducting portions below monocrystalline semiconductor layers for forming many different types of semiconductor structures having particular utility for optoelectronic devices such as light-emitting diodes, edge-emitting lasers, vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers, photodetectors and optical modulators (waveguide and surface normal), and for electronic devices such as heterojunction bipolar transistors, field-effect transistors and quantum-effect devices. The invention is expected to be particularly useful for forming light-emitting devices for use in the 1.3-1.6 .mu.m wavelength range, with the AlSb-alloy layer acting to define an active region of the device and to effectively channel an electrical current therein for efficient light generation.

Spahn, Olga B. (Albuquerque, NM); Lear, Kevin L. (Albuquerque, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Lattice-registered growth of GaSb on Si (211) with molecular beam epitaxy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A GaSb film was grown on a Si(211) substrate using molecular beam epitaxy indicating full lattice relaxation as well as full lattice registration and dislocation-free growth in the plane perpendicular to the [01 - 1]-direction. Heteroepitaxy of GaSb on a Si(211) substrate is dominated by numerous first order and multiple higher order micro-twins. The atomic-resolved structural study of GaSb films by high-angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy reveals that slight tilt, along with twinning, favors the lattice registry to Si(211) substrates. Preferential bonding of impinging Ga and Sb atoms at the interface due to two distinctive bonding sites on the Si(211) surface enables growth that is sublattice-ordered and free of anti-phase boundaries. The role of the substrate orientation on the strain distribution of GaSb epilayers is further elucidated by investigating the local change in the lattice parameter using the geometric phase analysis method and hence effectiveness of the lattice tilting in reducing the interfacial strain was confirmed further.

Hosseini Vajargah, S.; Botton, G. A. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4L7 (Canada); Brockhouse Institute for Materials Research, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4M1 (Canada); Canadian Centre for Electron Microscopy, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4M1 (Canada); Ghanad-Tavakoli, S. [Centre for Emerging Device Technologies, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4L7 (Canada); Preston, J. S.; Kleiman, R. N. [Brockhouse Institute for Materials Research, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4M1 (Canada); Centre for Emerging Device Technologies, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4L7 (Canada); Department of Engineering Physics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4L7 (Canada)

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Managing Reliability in the 21st Century  

SciTech Connect

The rapid pace of change at Ike end of the 20th Century should continue unabated well into the 21st Century. The driver will be the marketplace imperative of "faster, better, cheaper." This imperative has already stimulated a revolution-in-engineering in design and manufacturing. In contrast, to date, reliability engineering has not undergone a similar level of change. It is critical that we implement a corresponding revolution-in-reliability-engineering as we enter the new millennium. If we are still using 20th Century reliability approaches in the 21st Century, then reliability issues will be the limiting factor in faster, better, and cheaper. At the heart of this reliability revolution will be a science-based approach to reliability engineering. Science-based reliability will enable building-in reliability, application-specific products, virtual qualification, and predictive maintenance. The purpose of this paper is to stimulate a dialogue on the future of reliability engineering. We will try to gaze into the crystal ball and predict some key issues that will drive reliability programs in the new millennium. In the 21st Century, we will demand more of our reliability programs. We will need the ability to make accurate reliability predictions that will enable optimizing cost, performance and time-to-market to meet the needs of every market segment. We will require that all of these new capabilities be in place prior to the stint of a product development cycle. The management of reliability programs will be driven by quantifiable metrics of value added to the organization business objectives.

Dellin, T.A.

1998-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

118

Spherical tokamak (ST) transmutation of nuclear wastes  

SciTech Connect

The concept for an ST fusion core that drives a He-cooled, actinide-bearing, molten-salt blanket of moderate power density to generate electricity is examined for the first time. The results show that the fusion core is suited for this purpose and require a level of plasma, power density, engineering, and material performances moderate in comparison with what has been considered desirable for fusion-only power plants. The low aspect ratio of ST introduces a relatively thick, diverted scrape-off layer which leads to reduced heat fluxes at the limiter and divertor tiles. The use of a demountable, water-cooled, single-turn copper center leg for the toroidal field coils enables simplifications of the fusion core configuration and improves overall practicality for future power applications. These result in much reduced size and cost of the fusion core for the transmutation power plant relative to an optimized fusion-only fusion core. Surrounded by a separate tritium-breeding zone, the molten-salt blanket concept is in principle less complex and costly than the thermal breeding blankets for fusion. These combine to effect major reductions in the cost and weight of the power core equipment for the transmutation power plant. The minimum cost of electricity for such a power plant is thus reduced from the best fusion-only counterpart by more than 30%, based on consistent but approximate modeling. The key issues, development steps, and the potential value inherent in the ST fusion core in addressing the world needs for nuclear waste energy production are discussed.

Peng, Y.-K.M.; Galambos, J.D. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Cheng, E.T.; Cerbone, R.J. [TSI Research, Inc., Solana Beach, CA (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

119

Spherical tokamak (ST) transmutation of nuclear wastes  

SciTech Connect

The concept for an ST fusion core that drives a He-cooled, actinide-bearing, molten-salt blanket of moderate power density to generate electricity is examined for the first time. The results show that the fusion core is suited for this purpose and require a level of plasma, power density, engineering, and material performances moderate in comparison with what has been considered desirable for fusion-only power plants. The low aspect ratio of ST introduces a relatively thick, diverted scrape-off layer which leads to reduced heat fluxes at the limiter and divertor tiles. The use of a demountable, water-cooled, single-turn copper center leg for the toroidal field coils enables simplifications of the fusion core configuration and improves overall practicality for future power applications. These result in much reduced size and cost of the fusion core for the transmutation power plant relative to an optimized fusion-only fusion core. Surrounded by a separate tritium-breeding zone, the molten-salt blanket concept is in principle less complex and costly than the thermal breeding blankets for fusion. These combine to effect major reductions in the cost and weight of the power core equipment for the transmutation power plant. The minimum cost of electricity for such a power plant is thus reduced from the best fusion-only counterpart by more than 30%, based on consistent but approximate modeling. The key issues, development steps, and the potential value inherent in the ST fusion core in addressing the world needs for nuclear waste reduction and energy production are discussed.

Peng, Yueng Kay Martin [ORNL; Cheng, E.T. [TSI Research Inc.; Galambos, John D [ORNL; Cerbone, R. J. [TSI Research Inc.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Structural Characterization of Doped GaSb Single Crystals by X-ray Topography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We characterized GaSb single crystals containing different dopants (Al, Cd and Te), grown by the Czochralski method, by x-ray topography and high angular resolution x-ray diffraction. Lang topography revealed dislocations parallel and perpendicular to the crystal's surface. Double-crystal GaSb 333 x-ray topography shows dislocations and vertical stripes than can be associated with circular growth bands. We compared our high-angular resolution x-ray diffraction measurements (rocking curves) with the findings predicted by the dynamical theory of x-ray diffraction. These measurements show that our GaSb single crystals have a relative variation in the lattice parameter ({Delta}d/d) on the order of 10{sup -5}. This means that they can be used as electronic devices (detectors, for example) and as x-ray monochromators.

Honnicke, M.G.; Mazzaro, I.; Manica, J.; Benine, E.; M da Costa, E.; Dedavid, B. A.; Cusatis, C.; Huang, X. R.

2009-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "namibia sb st" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Spiral growth of topological insulator Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 3} nanoplates  

SciTech Connect

Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 3} nanoplates synthesized by vapor phase deposition method have been systemically investigated employing atomic force microscopy, which exhibit regular spiral structures on the surface. The height of spiral steps is determined to be 1 nm corresponding to one quintuple layer, with an inter-step separation ranging from 500 nm to 1 {mu}m. Growth mechanism of spiral structures on the Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 3} nanoplate surface is elucidated, which can be applied to other layered materials with van der Waals epitaxy growth. The electrostatic properties of Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 3} nanoplates with spiral structures are also simultaneously characterized.

Hao Guolin; Qi Xiang; Fan Yinping; Xue Lin; Peng Xiangyang; Wei Xiaolin; Zhong Jianxin [Hunan Key Laboratory for Micro-Nano Energy Materials and Devices, Xiangtan University, Hunan 411105 (China) and Laboratory for Quantum Engineering and Micro-Nano Energy Technology and Faculty of Materials and Optoelectronic Physics, Xiangtan University, Hunan 411105 (China)] [Hunan Key Laboratory for Micro-Nano Energy Materials and Devices, Xiangtan University, Hunan 411105 (China) and Laboratory for Quantum Engineering and Micro-Nano Energy Technology and Faculty of Materials and Optoelectronic Physics, Xiangtan University, Hunan 411105 (China)

2013-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

122

Thermoelectric performance of electron and hole doped PtSb2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate the thermoelectric properties of electron and hole doped PtSb2. Our results show that for doping of 0.04 holes per unit cell (1:5 1020 cm 3) PtSb2 shows a high Seebeck coefficient at room temperature, which can also be achieved at other temperatures by controlling the carrier concentration (both electron and hole). The electrical conductivity becomes temperature independent when the doping exceeds some 0.2 electrons/holes per unit cell. The figure of merit at 800 K in electron and hole doped PtSb2 is comparatively low at 0.13 and 0.21, respectively, but may increase significantly with As alloying due to the likely opening of a band gap and reduction of the lattice thermal conductivity

Saeed, Yasir [King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Thuwal, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; Singh, Nirprenda [King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Thuwal, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; Schwingenschlogl, Udo [King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Thuwal, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; Parker, David S [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Electron Scattering in InSb Quantum Wells due to Micro-twin Defects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The transport electron scattering due to micro-twin (MT) defects in InSb quantum wells (QWs) has been investigated at room temperature (RT). A linear-regression-based scattering analysis showed that Matthiessen's rule is applicable to the RT electron mobility in 20-nm-thick InSb QWs that contain MTs (whose density is 5.6x10{sup 2}-1.2x10{sup 4} /cm) and threading dislocations (8.7x10{sup 8}-3.2x10{sup 9} /cm{sup 2}) as dominant structural defects. For such an InSb QW whose local electron mobility in its non-MT regions is 2.8x10{sup 4}-4.5x10{sup 4} cm{sup 2}/(Vs), the MT-originated energy barrier against the electron transport is deduced to be 0.081-0.093 eV at RT.

Mishima, T. D.; Santos, M. B. [Homer L. Dodge Department of Physics and Astronomy, and Center for Semiconductor Physics in Nanostructure University of Oklahoma, 440 W. Brooks St., Norman, OK 73019 (United States)

2011-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

124

Cu2Sb thin films as anode for Na-ion batteries  

SciTech Connect

Cu2Sb thin films prepared by magnetron sputtering are evaluated as an anode material for Na-ion batteries. The starting material is composed of nanocrystallites with the desired tetragonal P4/nmm structure. The study of the reaction mechanism reveals the formation of an amorphous/nanocrystalline phase of composition close to Na3Sb as the final reaction product. The solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) material is mostly composed of carbonates (Na2CO3, NaCO3R). The Cu2Sb anode possesses moderate capacity retention with a reversible storage capacity (250 mAh/g) close to the theoretical value (323 mAh/g), an average reaction potential of around 0.55 V vs. Na/Na+, and a high rate performance (10 C-rate).

Baggetto, Loic [ORNL; Allcorn, Eric [University of Texas, Austin; Manthiram, Arumugam [University of Texas, Austin; Veith, Gabriel M [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Fort St Vrain - 011  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Fort St Vrain - 011 Fort St Vrain - 011 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Fort St Vrain (011) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site Disposition: Radioactive Materials Handled: Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Radiological Survey(s): Site Status: The Fort St. Vrain Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation is located in Weld County, Colorado. In 1965, the U.S. Atomic Energy (a predecessor agency to DOE) agreed to provide permanent storage for a large portion of the Fort St. Vrain¿s spent nuclear fuel. Originally, Fort St. Vrain was a nuclear power generating facility that operated from 1976 to 1989. In 1989, the nuclear power plant was decommissioned and the plant was converted to a natural gas power plant.

126

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- St Louis Airport Site Vicinity  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

St Louis Airport Site Vicinity St Louis Airport Site Vicinity Properties - 017 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: St. Louis Airport Site Vicinity Properties (017) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site Disposition: Radioactive Materials Handled: Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Radiological Survey(s): Site Status: These properties are located in Hazelwood and Berkeley, Missouri, approximately 15 miles northwest of downtown St. Louis. The properties are associated with the St. Louis Airport Site. The Manhattan Engineer District (MED), a predecessor agency of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), acquired the St. Louis Airport Site in 1946. The site was operated by the MED and the Atomic Energy Commission (the successor agency to the MED and a

127

Kansas's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1st congressional district: Energy Resources 1st congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Kansas. US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Kansas's 1st congressional district Midwest Energy Inc. Smart Grid Project Registered Energy Companies in Kansas's 1st congressional district Conestoga Energy Partners LLC ESE Alcohol Gateway Ethanol LLC formerly Wildcat Bio Energy LLC Kansas Ethanol LLC Nesika Energy LLC Orion Ethanol Reeve Agri Energy Inc Western Plains Energy LLC Utility Companies in Kansas's 1st congressional district Midwest Energy Inc Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Kansas%27s_1st_congressional_district&oldid=189120

128

North Carolina's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

st congressional district: Energy Resources st congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in North Carolina. Registered Policy Organizations in North Carolina's 1st congressional district The Biofuels Center of North Carolina Registered Energy Companies in North Carolina's 1st congressional district Biofuels Center of North Carolina Field Controls Torpedo Speciality Wire Inc Energy Generation Facilities in North Carolina's 1st congressional district Craven County Biomass Facility Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=North_Carolina%27s_1st_congressional_district&oldid=196349" Categories: Places Stubs Congressional Districts

129

Adhesion effect of interface layers on pattern fabrication with GeSbTe as laser thermal lithography film  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Adhesion of pattern structures is a very important issue in laser thermal lithography. In this paper, Si"3N"4 and ZnS-SiO"2 were investigated as interface layers to improve patterns' adhesion to substrate on pattern fabrication with Ge"2Sb"2Te"5 as laser ... Keywords: Adhesion, GeSbTe, Interface layers, Thermal lithography, Thin films, Wet etching

Changmeng Deng; Yongyou Geng; Yiqun Wu; Yang Wang; Jinsong Wei

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

The Crystallization Behavior of Stochiometric and Off-stochiometric Ga-Sb-Te Materials for Phase-Change Memory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The stoichiometric Ga{sub 4}Sb{sub 6}Te{sub 3} and Ga-Sb materials were systematically studied. The alloy Ga{sub 4}Sb{sub 6}Te{sub 3} shows a fast crystallization speed, very high crystallization temperature, T{sub x}, and high electrical contrast. Although stoichiometric GaSb has similar performance and even faster crystallization speed, the electrical contrast is much lower. The other off-stoichiometric compounds we studied all have higher T{sub x} than Ge{sub 2}Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 5} indicating a good amorphous stability. By raising the Sb/Te ratio with GaSb incorporation, T{sub x} and the recrystallization time of melt-quenched, amorphous samples can be effectively increased. The stoichiometric Ga{sub 4}Sb{sub 6}Te{sub 3} with less likelihood of phase-segregation compared to nonstoichiometric compounds is a promising candidate for phase-change memory.

H Cheng; S Raoux; J Jordan-Sweet

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

131

Federal laboratories for the 21st century  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Federal laboratories have successfully filled many roles for the public; however, as the 21st Century nears it is time to rethink and reevaluate how Federal laboratories can better support the public and identify new roles for this class of publicly-owned institutions. The productivity of the Federal laboratory system can be increased by making use of public outcome metrics, by benchmarking laboratories, by deploying innovative new governance models, by partnerships of Federal laboratories with universities and companies, and by accelerating the transition of federal laboratories and the agencies that own them into learning organizations. The authors must learn how government-owned laboratories in other countries serve their public. Taiwan`s government laboratory, Industrial Technology Research Institute, has been particularly successful in promoting economic growth. It is time to stop operating Federal laboratories as monopoly institutions; therefore, competition between Federal laboratories must be promoted. Additionally, Federal laboratories capable of addressing emerging 21st century public problems must be identified and given the challenge of serving the public in innovative new ways. Increased investment in case studies of particular programs at Federal laboratories and research on the public utility of a system of Federal laboratories could lead to increased productivity of laboratories. Elimination of risk-averse Federal laboratory and agency bureaucracies would also have dramatic impact on the productivity of the Federal laboratory system. Appropriately used, the US Federal laboratory system offers the US an innovative advantage over other nations.

Gover, J. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Huray, P.G. [Univ. of South Carolina, Columbia, SC (United States)

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

New Hampshire's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

New Hampshire. Registered Energy Companies in New Hampshire's 1st congressional district Bio Energy US New Hampshire Cate Street Capital Inc Environmental Power Corp Eolian...

133

Texas's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Texas. Registered Energy Companies in Texas's 1st congressional district Eisenbach...

134

Hawaii's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Companies in Hawaii's 1st congressional district Alternate Energy LLC Forest City Military Communities, Hawaii Hoku Fuel Cells Lighthouse Solar Honolulu Hawaii Maui...

135

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- St Louis University - MO...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP - As of 1987 the facility operated under an NRC license Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: St. Louis ,...

136

NREL: Technology Transfer - 21st Industry Growth Forum Photos  

At the 21st NREL Industry Growth Forum on Oct. 30, 2008, Jay Herrmann of Xcel Energy (far right), Forum Co-Chair Lawrence "Marty" Murphy (far left), ...

137

Quarterly Coal Distribution Report 1st Quarter 2012  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

1st Quarter 2012 June 2012 Quarterly Coal Distribution Report www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585

138

St. Louis, Missouri: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

in St. Louis, Missouri A2Wind Limited Affinity Wind LLC Akermin Inc Armstrong Teasdale Future Energy Group Clean Power Design CleanTech Biofuels International Fuel Technology...

139

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- St Louis Airport Site Vicinity...  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Corps of Engineers (Corps) in accordance with the Energy and Water Development Appropriations Act for FY 1998. Also see Documents Related to St. Louis Airport Site Vicinity...

140

Federal Energy Management Program: Laboratories for the 21st...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Agency Resources to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Laboratories for the 21st Century Agency Resources on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "namibia sb st" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

An Efficient Algorithm for Computing Robust Minimum Capacity st Cuts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mar 20, 2008 ... Abstract: The Minimum Capacity s-t Cut Problem (Min Cut) is an intensively studied problem in combinatorial optimization. In this paper, we...

142

Florida's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Florida. Registered Energy Companies in Florida's 1st congressional district Agri Source Fuels Florida Biomass Energy Group Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

143

Georgia's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Georgia. Registered Energy Companies in Georgia's 1st congressional district Appling County Pellets CoastalXethanol LLC Fulghum Fibrefuels Ltd Retrieved from "http:en.openei.org...

144

stt rt t Prstt st sttr r str r s  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

stt rt t Prstt st sttr r str r s rtr tétqs ë rsté rrr tr strt r t stt rt t r st sttr tr stt Pr t tt sttr str r s r r s s t rs t rtr t rsts sr tq rts s rs rs rtr stt r st rsss r t s s t sr ts t t rtr rs s rtr t str ts t t t t ssts rs rss tr t tr r st sttr

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

145

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: St. Lucie County, Florida  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

*Progress is reported through December 2012. Learn more about earlier program milestones Solar and Energy Loan Fund Location: St. Lucie County; Brevard County; City of Fellsmere;...

146

Microstructural stability in LPE Ga{sub x}In{sub (1{minus}x)}As{sub y}Sb{sub (1{minus}y)}/GaSb heterostructures  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The morphological and structural characteristics associated with the growth of lattice matched In{sub x}Ga{sub (1{minus}x)}As{sub y}Sb{sub (1{minus}y)}/GaSb (100) heterostructures is presented. The experiments focused on studying the effect of growth on vicinal surfaces tilted from the exact (100) orientation as well as variations in epilayer chemistry. It was found that variations in these process parameters had very strong effects on both the nucleation characteristics of the epilayer and the atomistic scale homogeneity of the alloy. The <100> and <110> variants in compositional modulation/phase separation were detected, as well as the evolution of weak (110) ordering. These results are discussed in the context of other studies on phase stability in III-V epitaxial structures, especially in terms of surface reconstruction and kinetic effects near conditions of spinodal decomposition.

Chen, C.Y.; Bucklen, V.; Rajan, K. [Rensselaer Polytechnic Inst., Troy, NY (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering; Freeman, M.; Cardines, R.P. [Lockheed-Martin, Inc., Schenectady, NY (United States)

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Great thermoelectric power factor enhancement of CoSb{sub 3} through the lightest metal element filling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lithium, the lightest metal element with a small ionic radius, is successfully filled into the voids of CoSb{sub 3} by utilizing the high pressure synthesis technique. The synthesized Li{sub 0.4}Co{sub 4}Sb{sub 12} shows the largest thermoelectric power factor of 6000 {mu}W m{sup -1} K{sup -2} among all elemental filled CoSb{sub 3} materials. This significantly enhanced thermoelectric power factor is attributed to the large carrier mobility of Li{sub 0.4}Co{sub 4}Sb{sub 12}, 61 cm{sup 2} V{sup -1} s{sup -1}, featuring a good electron crystal property for the Li-filled CoSb{sub 3} samples.

Zhang Jianjun; Xu Bo; Wang Limin; Yu Dongli; Liu Zhongyuan; He Julong; Tian Yongjun [State Key Laboratory of Metastable Materials Science and Technology, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao, Hebei 066004 (China)

2011-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

148

A novel approach for the improvement of open circuit voltage and fill factor of InGaAsSb/GaSb thermophotovoltaic cells  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Heterojunction n-Al{sub 0.25}Ga{sub 0.75}As{sub 0.02}Sb{sub 098}/p-In{sub 0.16}Ga{sub 0.84}As{sub 0.04}Sb{sub 0.96} thermophotovoltaic (TPV) cells were grown by molecular-beam epitaxy on n-GaSb-substrates. In the spectral range from 1 {micro}m to 2.1 {micro}m these cells, as well as homojunction n-p-In{sub 0.16}Ga{sub 0.84}As{sub 0.04}Sb{sub 0.96} cells, have demonstrated internal quantum efficiencies exceeding 80%, despite about a 200 meV barrier in the conduction band at the heterointerface. Estimation shows that the thermal emission of the electrons photogenerated in p-region over this barrier can provide high efficiency for hetero-cells if the electron recombination time in p-In{sub 0.16}Ga{sub 0.84}As{sub 0.04}Sb{sub 0.96}is longer than 10 ns. Keeping the same internal efficiency as homojunction cells, hetero-cells provide a unique opportunity to decrease the dark forward current and thereby increase open circuit voltage (V{sub {proportional_to}}) and fill factor at a given illumination level. It is shown that the decrease of the forward current in hetero-cells is due to the lower recombination rate in n-type wider-bandgap space-charge region and to the suppression of the hole component of the forward current. The improvement in V{sub {proportional_to}} reaches 100% at illumination level equivalent to 1 mA/cm{sup 2} and it decreases to 5% at the highest illumination levels (2--3 A/cm{sup 2}), where the electron current component dominates in both the homo- and heterojunction cells. Values of V{sub {proportional_to}} as high as 310 meV have been obtained for a hetero-cell at illumination levels of 3 A/cm{sup 2}. Under this condition, the expected fill factor value is about 72% for a hetero-cell with improved series resistance. The heterojunction concept provides excellent prospects for further reduction of the dark forward current in TPV cells.

Garbuzov, D.Z.; Martinelli, R.U.; Khalfin, V.; Lee, H.; Morris, N.A.; Taylor, G.C.; Connolly, J.C. [Sarnoff Corp., Princeton, NJ (United States); Charache, G.W.; DePoy, D.M. [Lockheed-Martin, Inc., Schenectady, NY (United States)

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

21st century advanced hydropower turbine system  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

While hydropower turbine manufacturers have incrementally improved turbine technology to increase efficiency, the basic design concepts haven`t changed for decades. These late 19th and early 20th century designs did not consider environmental effects, since little was known about environmental effects of hydropower at the time. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the hydropower industry recognize that hydropower plants have an effect on the environment and there is a great need to bring turbine designs into the 21st century. DOE has issued a request for proposals (RFP) that requested proposers to discard conventional thinking, search out innovative solutions, and to visualize innovative turbines designed from a new perspective. This perspective would look at the {open_quotes}turbine system{close_quotes} (intake to tailrace) which will balance environmental, technical, and economic considerations. This paper describes the DOE Advanced Hydropower Turbine System Program.

Brookshier, P.A.; Flynn, J.V.; Loose, R.R.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

1st Mile | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mile Mile Jump to: navigation, search Name 1st Mile Place Lyngby, Denmark Zip 2800 Product Denmark-based company that provides research and screening for venture capitalists. Website http://www.1stmile.dk/ Coordinates 56.866669°, 8.31667° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":56.866669,"lon":8.31667,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

151

Strategic deterrence in the 21st century  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The logic, or illogic, of no nukes. The logic, or illogic, of no nukes. National Security Science magazine Latest Issue:April 2013 All Issues » submit Strategic deterrence in the 21st century U.S. nuclear weapons capability is second to none. Are we in danger of losing that edge? March 25, 2013 Missile being sent into space Nuclear weapons, like the Trident D5 missile shown here, are primarily weapons of war prevention, as opposed to war fighting. Nuclear deterrence ultimately depends on the threat of retaliation-not on our capability to strike first, but on the assurance we always have the capability to strike second. Contact Managing Editor Clay Dillingham Email Our strategic forces appear to be adrift-paralyzed by inaction and a lack of consensus. The logic, or illogic, of no nukes SUMMARY The United States has sought to maintain, in the words of John F.

152

Operational testing highlights of Fort St. Vrain  

SciTech Connect

The Fort St. Vrain program has progressed through construction, preoperational testing, fuel loading, initial criticality, and operational testing at power levels up to 2 percent related power. To date, all tests necessary before the rise to full power have been completed, and the rise-to- power program is expected to be resumed again in late 1975. Major plant systems, including the prestressed concrete reactor vessel and circulators, have demonstrated adequate performance. Extensive tests on the reactor core at zero power and up to 2 percent power have demonstrated the accuracy in the design predictions of such core characteristics as critical rod position, control system worths, neutron flux distributions, and temperature coefficients. Gaseous fission product release measurements to date have confirmed the extensive analytical estimates. 6 references (auth)

Cadwell, J.J.; McEachern, D.W.; Read, J.W.; Simon, W.A.; Walker, R.F.

1975-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

153

UCOP Office of Research SB 13 Notice October 10, 2005 Page 1 FACT SHEET: Chaptered Legislation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

research proposals before state agencies are permitted to disclose personal information to researchers. I identifiable data from California state agencies; · UC officials who work with researchers on data security? · SB 13 places new restrictions on the circumstances under which state agencies are permitted

Russell, Lynn

154

Structural evolution and characterization of heteroepitaxial GaSb thin films on Si(111) substrates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the structural evolution and characterization of heteroepitaxial GaSb thin films on Si(111) substrates. The growth process used a combination of atomic sources which included the rf sputtering of Sb and the thermal effusion of Ga. The formation of crystalline GaSb thin films required that initially a monolayer thick Sb buffer layer be applied directly to a clean H-passivated Si(111) substrate surface. The resulting film was characterized by high resolution x-ray diffraction, Rutherford backscattering spectrometry, transmission electron microscopy, secondary ion mass spectroscopy, and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The AFM images were taken from the material after several periods of growth to determine the evolution of crystal structure with thickness. Atomic force microscopy images of the film surface showed that the heteroepitaxial layers were formed via the Stranski-Krastanov growth mechanism. This result is consistent with the heteroepitaxial growth of systems representing large differences in lattice constant. The hole mobility and carrier concentration in the deposited material were determined by the Hall measurement, performed at room temperature and on a 140 nm thick sample, to be 66 cm{sup 2}/V sec and 3x10{sup 19} cm{sup -3}, respectively. The carrier mobility was relatively low as expected for measurements taken at room temperature.

Nguyen, Thang; Varhue, Walter; Cross, Michael; Pino, Robinson; Adams, Edward; Lavoie, Mark; Lee, Jaichan [School of Engineering, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05405 (United States); IBM Corporation, Essex Junction, Vermont 05452 (United States); Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Sung Kyun Kwan University, Suwon 440-746 (Korea, Republic of)

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Summary of Activities at the ST LOUIS NORTH COUNTY SITE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Atomic Energy Commission (MED/AEC), the Mallinckrodt Chemical Plant extracted uranium from ore at the St and the City of St. Louis Public Library. A Proposed Plan identifying the USACE's preferred The U.S. Army Corps defense activities performed under contract with the Manhattan Engineering District and the Atomic Energy

US Army Corps of Engineers

156

Liquid Nitrogen Ice Cream (1st Grade) Lesson Plan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Liquid Nitrogen Ice Cream (1st Grade) Lesson Plan Science Standards Addressed (From the Colorado=0 Standard 1 - Physical Science 1st Grade: Outcome 1: Solids and liquids have unique properties) Large Metal or plastic mixing bowl Wire whisk and wooden spoon 4 cups heavy cream 1-1/2 Half & Half

157

Development of InAsSb-based light emitting diodes for chemical sensing systems  

SciTech Connect

Mid-infrared (3--6 {micro}m) LED`s are being developed for use in chemical sensor systems. As rich, InAsSb heterostructures are particularly suited for optical emitters in the mid-infrared region. The authors are investigating both InAsSb-InAs multiple quantum well (MQW) and InAsSb-InAsP strained layer superlattice (SLS) structures for use as the active region for light emitting diodes (LED`s). The addition of phosphorus to the InAs barriers increases the light and heavy hole splitting and hence reduces non-radiative Auger recombination and provides for better electron and hole confinement in the InAsSb quantum well. Low temperature (< 20 K) photoluminescence (PL) emission from MQW structures is observed between 3.2 to 6.0 {micro}m for InAsSb wells between 70 to 100 {angstrom} and antimony mole fractions between 0.04 to 0.18. Room temperature PL has been observed to 6.4 {micro}m in MQW structures. The additional confinement by InAsP barriers results in low temperature PL being observed over a narrower range (3.2 to 5.0 {micro}m) for the similar well thicknesses with antimony mole fractions between 0.10 to 0.24. Room temperature photoluminescence was observed to 5.8 {micro}m in SLS structures. The addition of a p-AlAsSb layer between the n-type active region (MQW or SLS) and a p-GaAsSb contact layer improves electron confinement of the active region and increases output power by a factor of 4. Simple LED emitters have been fabricated which exhibit an average power at room temperature of > 100 {micro}W at 4.0 {micro}m for SLS active regions. These LED`s have been used to detect CO{sub 2} concentrations down to 24 ppm in a first generation, non-cryogenic sensor system. They will report on the development of novel LED device designs that are expected to lead to further improvements in output power.

Allerman, A.A.; Kurtz, S.R.; Biefeld, R.M.; Baucom, K.C.; Burkhatt, J.H.

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - St. Louis Workshop |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

St. Louis St. Louis Workshop 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - St. Louis Workshop On December 8, 2011, DOE hosted a regional pre-study workshop in St. Louis, MO to receive input and suggestions concerning the 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study. The workshop flyer, agenda, presentations, and full transcript are available below. National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2012 Eastern Workshops 12-08-11 Congestion Workshop Agenda - St Louis (final).pdf Introduction by David Meyer, DOE Presentation by Kevin Gunn, MO PSC.pdf Presentation by Jerry Lein, ND PSC.pdf Presentation by Tom Sloan, KS Legislature.pdf Presentation by Maureen Borkowski, Ameren.pdf Presentation by Laureen L Ross McCalib, Great River Energy.pdf Presentation by Dale Osborn, MISO.pdf

159

St. Louis Launches Plan for More Sustainable Community | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

St. Louis Launches Plan for More Sustainable Community St. Louis Launches Plan for More Sustainable Community St. Louis Launches Plan for More Sustainable Community March 1, 2013 - 11:15am Addthis Using money from the Energy Efficiency Block Grant Program, St. Louis installed new LED fixtures in the City Hall parking structure. The new lights deliver more useful light and use nearly 83 percent less power than the previous lights. | Photo courtesy of John Wm Nagel, Photography. Using money from the Energy Efficiency Block Grant Program, St. Louis installed new LED fixtures in the City Hall parking structure. The new lights deliver more useful light and use nearly 83 percent less power than the previous lights. | Photo courtesy of John Wm Nagel, Photography. Christina Stowers Communications Specialist in the Office of Weatherization and

160

Missouri's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1st congressional district: Energy Resources 1st congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Missouri. US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Missouri's 1st congressional district The Boeing Company Smart Grid Demonstration Project Registered Energy Companies in Missouri's 1st congressional district A2Wind Limited Affinity Wind LLC Akermin Inc Armstrong Teasdale Future Energy Group Clean Power Design CleanTech Biofuels Confluence Solar International Fuel Technology Inc Secure Energy Inc Solar Night Industries Inc Solutia Wind Capital Group Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Missouri%27s_1st_congressional_district&oldid=194597

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "namibia sb st" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

City of St. George - Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

City of St. George - Net Metering City of St. George - Net Metering City of St. George - Net Metering < Back Eligibility Commercial General Public/Consumer Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Program Info State Utah Program Type Net Metering Provider City of St. George The St. George City Council adopted a [http://www.sgcity.org/wp/power/NetMeteringPolicy.pdf net-metering program for area utilities], including interconnection procedures, in October 2005.* The interconnection procedures include different requirements, based on system size, for systems up to 10 megawatts (MW). Net metering is available to residential and commercial customers that generate electricity using photovoltaic (PV) systems. The net metering agreements currently available on the utility's web site only pertain to

162

21st century Green Solutions LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

century Green Solutions LLC century Green Solutions LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name 21st century Green Solutions, LLC Place Grand Blanc, Michigan Zip 48439 Sector Wind energy Product Exclusive rights to manufacture and distribute 600 kW wind turbine technology in North America. References 21st century Green Solutions, LLC[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. 21st century Green Solutions, LLC is a company located in Grand Blanc, Michigan . References ↑ "21st century Green Solutions, LLC" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=21st_century_Green_Solutions_LLC&oldid=341616" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs

163

Florida's 21st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Florida's 21st congressional district: Energy Resources Florida's 21st congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Florida. US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Florida's 21st congressional district Florida Power & Light Company Smart Grid Project Registered Energy Companies in Florida's 21st congressional district Biodiesel of South Florida LLC Biofuels Digest Cambridge Project Development Caribbean Energy Resources Corp ClimeCo Corporation Electron Solar Energy Formerly Envigra Inc Enventure Partners Ltd Lennar Homes & Lennar Urban MGM International SRT Group Inc Utility Companies in Florida's 21st congressional district Florida Power & Light Co.

164

Michigan's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

st congressional district: Energy Resources st congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Michigan. Registered Energy Companies in Michigan's 1st congressional district AG Solutions Inc Dow Building Solutions Dow Chemical Co Dow Chemical Company Dow Kokam Energy Generation Facilities in Michigan's 1st congressional district Hillman Power Co. Biomass Facility Viking-Lincoln Biomass Facility Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Michigan%27s_1st_congressional_district&oldid=194174" Categories: Places Stubs Congressional Districts What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties

165

Crystal structure and chemical bonding of the intermetallic Zintl phase Yb[subscript 11]AlSb[subscript 9  

SciTech Connect

High resolution single crystal synchrotron X-ray diffraction data measured at 15(2) K were used to solve the structure of the complex intermetallic Zintl phase, Yb{sub 11}AlSb{sub 9} (space group Iba2), made up of Yb cations and polyanions along with isolated Sb anions. The 15(2) K cell parameters are a = 11.7383(4) {angstrom}, b = 12.3600(4) {angstrom}, c = 16.6796(6) {angstrom}. The temperature dependence of the structure was investigated through high resolution synchrotron powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) data measured from 90 K to 1000 K. Rietveld refinements of the crystal structure revealed near linear thermal expansion of Yb{sub 11}AlSb{sub 9} with expansion coefficients of 1.49(2) x 10{sup -5} K{sup -1}, 1.71(3) x 10{sup -5} K{sup -1}, 1.13(1) x 10{sup -5} K{sup -1} for a, b and c, respectively. The chemical bonding in Yb{sub 11}AlSb{sub 9} was analyzed using atomic Hirshfeld surfaces, and the analysis supports the presence of the structural elements of Yb cations, [AlSb{sub 4}]{sup 9-} tetrahedra, [Sb{sub 2}]{sup 4-} dimers and isolated Sb{sup 3-} anions. However, indications of interatomic interactions between the Zintl anions and the Yb cations were also observed.

Kastbjerg, Sofie; Uvarov, Catherine A.; Kauzlarich, Susan M.; Chen, Yu-Sheng; Nishibori, Eiji; Spackman, Mark A.; Iversen, Bo Brummerstedt (Aarhus); (UWA); (UCD); (UC); (Nagoya)

2012-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

166

High pressure transport characteristics of Bi[subscript 2]Te[subscript 3], Sb[subscript 2]Te[subscript 3], and BiSbTe[subscript 3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents ambient and high pressure measurements of transport properties of the Bi2Te3-Sb2Te3 series of materials. The electrical resistivity, thermal conductivity, and Seebeck coefficient have been measured on both end compounds and the direct solid solution of the two at pressure up to 10 GPa. An additional discussion involving the high pressure structure will be presented. From this, it was determined that these materials undergo at least two structural phase transitions between 0 and 20 GPa and a discussion is presented regarding this and the changes in the transport properties.

Jacobsen, M.K.; Sinogeikin, S.V.; Kumar, R.S.; Cornelius, A.L. (UNLV); (CIW)

2012-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

167

St. Kitts and Nevis-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

St. Kitts and Nevis-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy St. Kitts and Nevis-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name St. Kitts and Nevis-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy Agency/Company /Organization Inter-American Development Bank, World Watch Institute (WWI) Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Grid Assessment and Integration, Industry, People and Policy, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Finance, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -Roadmap, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Technology characterizations Program Start 2012 Program End 2012

168

Coherent optical phonon spectroscopy studies of femtosecond-laser modified Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 3} films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We performed time-resolved reflectivity measurements to monitor changes in optical phonon modes in Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 3} thin films under femtosecond laser irradiation. We found that a phonon mode at 3.64 THz appears after high-fluence laser irradiation, in addition to the phonon modes of Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 3}. We determined that the additional mode is due to Te segregation as a result of laser-induced decomposition of the Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 3} film. This experiment clearly illustrates the irreversible effects of femtosecond laser irradiation during the measurement of coherent optical phonon dynamics in Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 3}.

Li Yuwei; Wang Guoyu [Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Center for Solar and Thermal Energy Conversion, University of Michigan, Michigan 48109 (United States); Stoica, Vladimir A. [Center for Solar and Thermal Energy Conversion, University of Michigan, Michigan 48109 (United States); Applied Physics Program, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Endicott, Lynn [Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Uher, Ctirad; Clarke, Roy [Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Center for Solar and Thermal Energy Conversion, University of Michigan, Michigan 48109 (United States); Applied Physics Program, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)

2010-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

169

Optical anisotropy of GaSb type-II nanorods on vicinal (111)B GaAs  

SciTech Connect

We form self-assembled GaSb type-II nanorods on a vicinal (111)B GaAs substrate by molecular beam epitaxy and study their optical anisotropy. The GaSb nanorods are elongated and aligned along the [-1 0 1] direction, where the average length, width, and height are about 84, 30, and 2.5 nm. In polarized photoluminescence (PL) measurements, the peak of the GaSb nanorods is observed at about 1.1 eV, where the PL intensity is largest for the [-1 0 1] polarization and smallest for the polarization perpendicular to it. The degree of polarization is more than 20% and depends on the recombination energy. By comparing with a theoretical model based on 4 x 4 Luttinger-Kohn Hamiltonian, we find that the experimental results are explained by considering the Sb/As inter-diffusion and the nanorod height distribution.

Kawazu, Takuya; Noda, Takeshi; Mano, Takaaki; Sakuma, Yoshiki [National Institute for Materials Science, 1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0047 (Japan); Akiyama, Yoshihiro [Toyota Technological Institute, 2-12-1 Hisakata, Tempaku-ku, Nagoya (Japan); Sakaki, Hiroyuki [National Institute for Materials Science, 1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0047 (Japan); Toyota Technological Institute, 2-12-1 Hisakata, Tempaku-ku, Nagoya (Japan)

2011-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

170

Molecular beam epitaxial growth of metamorphic AlInSb/GaInSb high-electron-mobility-transistor structures on GaAs substrates for low power and high frequency applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report on molecular beam epitaxial growth of AlInSb/GaInSb metamorphic high-electron-mobility-transistor structures for low power, high frequency applications on 4 in. GaAs substrates. The structures consist of a Ga{sub 0.4}In{sub 0.6}Sb channel embedded in Al{sub 0.4}In{sub 0.6}Sb barrier layers which are grown on top of an insulating metamorphic buffer, which is based on the linear exchange of Ga versus In and a subsequent exchange of As versus Sb. Precise control of group V fluxes and substrate temperature in the Al{sub 0.4}In{sub 0.6}As{sub 1-x}Sb{sub x} buffer is essential to achieve high quality device structures. Good morphological properties were achieved demonstrated by the appearance of crosshatching and root mean square roughness values of 2.0 nm. Buffer isolation is found to be >100 k{Omega}/{open_square} for optimized growth conditions. Hall measurements at room temperature reveal electron densities of 2.8x10{sup 12} cm{sup -2} in the channel at mobility values of 21.000 cm{sup 2}/V s for single-sided Te volume doping and 5.4x10{sup 12} cm{sup -2} and 17.000 cm{sup 2}/V s for double-sided Te {delta}-doping, respectively.

Loesch, R.; Aidam, R.; Kirste, L.; Leuther, A. [Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Solid-State Physics (IAF), Tullastrasse 72, 79108 Freiburg (Germany)

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Glass-like phonon scattering from a spontaneous nanostructure in AgSbTe2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Materials with very low thermal conductivity are of high interest for both thermoelectric and optical phase-change applications. Synthetic nanostructuring is most promising to suppress thermal conductivity by scattering phonons, but challenges remain in producing bulk samples. We show that in crystalline AgSbTe2, a spontaneously-forming nanostructure leads to a suppression of thermal conductivity to a glass-like level. Our mappings of phonon mean-free-paths provide a novel bottom- up microscopic account of thermal conductivity, and also reveal intrinsic anisotropies associated with the nanostructure. Ground-state degeneracy in AgSbTe2 leads to the natural formation of nanoscale domains with different orderings on the cation sublattice, and correlated atomic displacements, which efficiently scatter phonons. This mechanism is general and points to a new avenue in nano- scale engineering of materials, to achieve low thermal conductivities for efficient thermoelectric converters and phase-change memory devices.

Abernathy, Douglas L [ORNL; Ehlers, Georg [ORNL; Huq, Ashfia [ORNL; Ma, Jie [ORNL; May, Andrew F [ORNL; McGuire, Michael A [ORNL; Sales, Brian C [ORNL; Delaire, Olivier A [ORNL; Hong, Tao [ORNL; Tian, Wei [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Mid-infrared InAs/AlGaSb superlattice quantum-cascade lasers  

SciTech Connect

We report on the demonstration of mid-infrared InAs/AlGaSb superlattice quantum-cascade lasers operating at 10 {mu}m. The laser structures are grown on n-InAs (100) substrate by solid-source molecular-beam epitaxy. An InAs/AlGaSb chirped superlattice structure providing a large oscillator strength and fast carrier depopulation is employed as the active part. The observed minimum threshold current density at 80 K is 0.7 kA/cm{sup 2}, and the maximum operation temperature in pulse mode is 270 K. The waveguide loss of an InAs plasmon waveguide is estimated, and the factors that determine the operation temperature are discussed.

Ohtani, K.; Fujita, K.; Ohno, H. [Laboratory for Nanoelectronics and Semiconductor Spintronics, Research Institute of Electrical Communication, Tohoku University, Katahira 2-1-1, Aoba-ku, Sendai (Japan)

2005-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

173

Time resolved magneto-optical studies of ferromagnetic InMnSb films  

SciTech Connect

We report time resolved magneto-optical measurements in InMnSb ferromagnetic films with 2% and 2.8% Mn contents grown by low temperature molecular beam epitaxy. In order to probe a possible interaction between the spins of photoexcited carriers and the Mn ions, we measured spin dynamics before and after aligning the Mn ions by applying an external magnetic field at temperatures above and below the samples' Curie temperatures. We observed no significant temperature or magnetic field dependence in the relaxation times and attribute the observed dynamics entirely to the relaxation of photoexcited electrons in the conduction band where the s-d coupling with the localized Mn ions is significantly weaker compared to the p-d exchange coupling. We observed several differences in the optical response of our InMnSb samples which could have been influenced mainly by the samples' growth conditions.

Frazier, M.; Kini, R. N.; Nontapot, K.; Khodaparast, G. A. [Department of Physics, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061 (United States); Wojtowicz, T. [Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences 02-668 Warsaw (Poland); Liu, X.; Furdyna, J. K. [Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States)

2008-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

174

Relating x-ray attenuation measurements to water content and distribution in SB-15D core  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Making improved estimates of the water content of The Geysers reservoir is fundamental to efficient and economic long term production of steam power from the resource. A series of coordinated physical properties measurements form core recovered from the SB-15D, reported in this volume in a series of papers, have been made to better understand water storage and to relate water content and distribution to observable geophysical properties such as electrical conductivity and seismic velocities. A principal objective here is to report new interpretations of x-ray scans made within 72 hours of core recovery from SB-15D, which suggest, taking advantage of preliminary measurements of capillary suction for metagraywacke, that water content was low in much of the preserved core.

Bonner, B.P.; Roberts, J.J.; Schneberk, D.J

1996-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

175

Type-I superconductivity in YbSb2 single crystals  

SciTech Connect

We present evidence of type-I superconductivity in YbSb2 single crystals from dc and ac magnetization, heat capacity, and resistivity measurements. The critical temperature and critical field are determined to be Tc? 1.3 K and Hc? 55 Oe. A small Ginzburg-Landau parameter ?= 0.05, together with typical magnetization isotherms of type-I superconductors, small critical field values, a strong differential paramagnetic effect signal, and a field-induced change from second- to first-order phase transition, confirms the type-I nature of the superconductivity in YbSb2. A possible second superconducting state is observed in the radio-frequency susceptibility measurements, with Tc(2)? 0.41 K and Hc(2)? 430 Oe.

Zhao, Liang L.; Lausberg, Stefan; Kim, Hyunsoo; Tanatar, Makariy A.; Brando, Manuel; Prozorov, Ruslan; Morosan, E.

2012-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

176

Laboratories for the 21st Century | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Laboratories for the 21st Century Laboratories for the 21st Century Laboratories for the 21st Century October 8, 2013 - 10:18am Addthis Laboratories for the 21st Century (Labs21) is a voluntary partnership program dedicated to improving the environmental performance of U.S. laboratories. The program is a joint initiative between the U.S. Department of Energy and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. On average, U.S. laboratories use far more energy and water per square foot than office buildings and other facilities. This is due to the energy-intensive nature of laboratory activities as well as intensive ventilation and other requirements addressing health and safety. The Labs21 guiding principle centers on a whole building approach. Adopting this approach allows laboratories to improve efficiency for the entire

177

Kentucky's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1st congressional district Commonwealth AgriEnergy Four Rivers BioEnergy Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleKentucky%27s1stcongressionaldistrict&oldid18934...

178

Utah's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Utah. US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Utah's 1st congressional district Western...

179

The Urban-related Nocturnal Rainfall Anomaly at St. Louis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Studies during the Metropolitan Meteorological Experiment (METROMEX) sought to define influences of St. Louis on the summer atmosphere that led to alterations in rainfall. These studies defined how city influences caused an afternoon maximum of ...

Stanley A. Changnon Jr.; Floyd A. Huff

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Mt St Helens Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mt St Helens Geothermal Area Mt St Helens Geothermal Area (Redirected from Mt St Helens Area) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: Mt St Helens Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Geofluid Geochemistry 8 NEPA-Related Analyses (0) 9 Exploration Activities (8) 10 References Area Overview Geothermal Area Profile Location: Washington Exploration Region: Cascades GEA Development Phase: 2008 USGS Resource Estimate Mean Reservoir Temp: Estimated Reservoir Volume: Mean Capacity: Click "Edit With Form" above to add content History and Infrastructure Operating Power Plants: 0 No geothermal plants listed. Add a new Operating Power Plant

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "namibia sb st" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Microsoft Word - L0295-StJohnsTap-CX.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0 0 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEC-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Joyce Vaughn Project Engineering - TELP-TPP-3 Proposed Action: L0295 - St. Johns-St. Helens #1 Interconnection Project Budget Information: Work Order #004866, Task 04 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.6: "Additions or modifications to electric power transmission facilities that would not affect the environment beyond the previously developed facility area..." Location: Columbia County, Oregon (T4N, R1W, Section 7) Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and Columbia River PUD (CRPUD) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to install a new tap and associated disconnect structures on BPA's St. Johns-St. Helens #1 115-kilovolt (kV) transmission line to

182

Temporal Geochemical Variations In Volatile Emissions From Mount St Helens,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Temporal Geochemical Variations In Volatile Emissions From Mount St Helens, Temporal Geochemical Variations In Volatile Emissions From Mount St Helens, Usa, 1980-1994 Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Temporal Geochemical Variations In Volatile Emissions From Mount St Helens, Usa, 1980-1994 Details Activities (2) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Fumarole discharges (95-560°C) collected from the dacite dome inside Mount St. Helens crater show temporal changes in their isotopic and chemical compositions. A ΔD vs. Δ18O plot shows that condensed waters from the gases are mixtures of meteoric and magmatic components, but that the apparent magmatic end-member in 1994 was depleted by about 7‰ in ΔD relative to the apparent end-member in 1980. Based on ΔD modeling, approximately 63% of shallow, post-1980 magma has yet to degas.

183

Building a 21st Century Electric Grid | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Building a 21st Century Electric Grid Building a 21st Century Electric Grid Building a 21st Century Electric Grid June 7, 2013 - 4:22pm Addthis Photo courtesy of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Photo courtesy of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Dr. Ernest Moniz Dr. Ernest Moniz Secretary of Energy Nancy Sutley Chair, White House Council on Environmental Quality Sally Jewell Secretary, U.S. Department of the Interior Tom Vilsack Secretary, U.S. Department of Agriculture Editor's note: This article has been cross-posted from WhiteHouse.gov. As part of President Obama's initiative to make America a magnet for jobs by building a 21st century infrastructure, today he signed a Presidential Memorandum that will speed the modernization of the nation's electric grid. This will help make electricity more reliable, save consumers money

184

Nevada's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1st congressional district: Energy Resources 1st congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Nevada. US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Nevada's 1st congressional district NV Energy, Inc. Smart Grid Project Registered Energy Companies in Nevada's 1st congressional district Algodyne Ethanol Energy Inc Bio Solutions Manufacturing Inc Innovative Energy Solutions Inc Li ion Motors Corp formerly EV Innovations Inc Merlin Contracting Power Efficiency Corporation PEFF Powered by Renewables formerly Nevada Wind Renewable Capital Renewable Energy Resources Inc Renewable Powertech Inc Sol-Up USA, LLC Summit Energy Ventures LLC UNLV Center for Energy Research CER

185

Ohio's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Ohio. Registered Energy Companies in Ohio's 1st congressional district AHL-TECH Ameridian...

186

Climatology of Diffusion Potential Classes for MinneapolisSt. Paul  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This climatological study reports on the potential for atmospheric diffusion at MinneapolisSt. Paul, Minnesota, cities located in the heart of the North American continent. As such, the results can be considered typical of an urban setting ...

Allen B. Johnson; Donald G. Baker

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Simulation of St. Louis, Missouri, Land Use Impacts on Thunderstorms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A storm-resolving version of the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System is executed over St. Louis, Missouri, on 8 June 1999, along with sophisticated boundary conditions, to simulate the urban atmosphere and its role in deep, moist convection. In ...

Christopher M. Rozoff; William R. Cotton; Jimmy O. Adegoke

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 91st Edition - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

04/7/2011 - Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 91st Edition (2010), W.M. ... is a one-of-a-kind handbook which gives the fundamental data on: units, symbols,...

189

Texas's 31st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Texas. Registered Energy Companies in Texas's 31st congressional district EEStor Global Flex...

190

Historical Albedo Values at St. Paul Minnesota, 196985  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Incoming and reflected hemispheric radiation were measured at St. Paul over four different surfaces (sod, alfalfa, soybeans, and green peas) for a combined total of 5778 days between 21 November 196931 December 1985. Statistical summaries of the ...

Donald G. Baker; David L. Ruschy

1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- St Louis Downtown Site ...  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

to LaGrone; Authorization for Remedial Action at the Seaway Industrial Park and Ashland Oil Co. (I) Sites at Tonawanda, NY and Mallinckrodt Chemical Co., St. Louis, Mo.; June 22,...

192

Mt. St. Helens' Aerosols: Some Tropospheric and Stratospheric Effects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aerosol optical depth measurements based on the attenuation of direct solar radiation before and after the six major explosive eruptions of Mt. St. Helens during 1980 are presented. These automated measurements are from a site 200 km mostly cut ...

J. J. Michalsky; G. M. Stokes

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Federal Energy Management Program: Laboratories for the 21st...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Best Practices Guides to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Laboratories for the 21st Century Best Practices Guides on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy...

194

Minnesota's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Juhl Wind Inc MinnErgy LLC Minwind Energy LLC Next Generation Power Systems Inc Northstar Ethanol Pro Corn LLC Utility Companies in Minnesota's 1st congressional district Southern...

195

Indiana's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Indiana. Registered Energy Companies in Indiana's 1st congressional district Iroquois Bio Energy Co LLC Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleIndiana%27s1stcongr...

196

An Efficient Algorithm for Computing Robust Minimum Capacity st Cuts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Apr 3, 2008 ... The Minimum Capacity s-t Cut Problem (Min Cut) is an intensively ... In this paper, we study Min Cut when arc capacities are uncertain but...

197

City of St. George - Net Metering (Utah) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

City of St. George has also developed interconnection rules for net metered systems. Inverter-based systems up to 10kW in capacity can qualify for Level 1 interconnection, which...

198

St. Clair, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

St. Clair, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; 1990's: 14,132:

199

Time-course analysis of the Shewanella amazonensis SB2B proteome in response to sodium chloride shock  

SciTech Connect

Organisms in the genus Shewanella have become models for response to environmental stress. One of the most important environmental stresses is change in osmolarity. In this study, we experimentally determine the response mechanisms of Shewanella amazonensis SB2B during osmotic stress. Osmotic stress in SB2B was induced through exposure to NaCl, and the time-course proteomics response was measured using liquid chromatography mass spectrometry. Protein trends were qualitatively compared to gene expression trends and to phenotypic characterization. Osmotic stress affects motility, and has also been associated with a change in the membrane fatty acid composition (due to induction of branched chain amino acid degradation pathways); however, we show this is not the case for SB2B. Although proteins and genes involved with branched chain amino acid degradation are induced, fatty acid degradation pathways are not induced and no change in the fatty acid profile occurs in SB2B as a result of osmotic shock. The most extensive response of SB2B over the time course of acclimation to high salt involves an orchestrated sequence of events comprising increased expression of signal transduction associated with motility and restricted cell division and DNA replication. After SB2B has switched to increased branched chain amino acid degradation, motility, and cellular replication proteins return to pre-perturbed levels.

Parnell, John J.; Callister, Stephen J.; Rompato, Giovanni; Nicora, Carrie D.; Pasa-Tolic, Ljiljana; Williamson, Ashley; Pfrender, Michael E.

2011-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

200

Subpicosecond spin relaxation in GaAsSb multiple quantum wells K. C. Hall,a)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Subpicosecond spin relaxation in GaAsSb multiple quantum wells K. C. Hall,a) S. W. Leonard, and H quantum wells are measured at 295 K using time-resolved circular dichroism induced by 1.5 m, 100 fs pulses times shorter than those in InGaAs and InGaAsP wells with similar band gaps. The shorter relaxation

Van Driel, Henry M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "namibia sb st" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Elastic Properties of the Zintl Ferromagnet Yb14MnSb11  

SciTech Connect

We report measurements of the elastic moduli as a function of temperature (5-300) K and magnetic field (0-2 T) for the Zintl ferromagnet Yb{sub 14}MnSb{sub 11}, which is believed to be a rare example of an underscreened Kondo lattice. The elastic moduli measured below the Curie temperature in this complex ferromagnet exhibit unusual lattice stiffening that is independent of the magnetic field and can be adequately modeled using the Landau theory.

Bhattacharya, Sriparna [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Marinescu, D. C. [Clemson University; Morris, James R [ORNL; Sergienko, Ivan A [ORNL; Sales, Brian C [ORNL; Mandrus, D. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK) & Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Keppens, V. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

ST/EL and ST/CV services for TI2 & TI8 LHC injection tunnels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes the ST/EL and ST/CV services for TI2 & TI8 LHC injection tunnels. The cooling and ventilation part describes the requirements for design and installation of more than 10 km of pipeline that is going to be laid down in the tunnels. Main operating parameters as well as manufacture procedures are explained. Preliminary work schedule with the cost estimate is also presented. Electrical power will be distributed from the LHC side and the SPS side for the machine and the general services. All power converters will be installed on surface buildings. The link between the main bend converters and the main bend magnets will be realised with water-cooled cables. Rest of the magnets will be cabled by using conventional copper and aluminium cables. Due to long lengths of the injection tunnels a dry 18kV transformer will be installed in TJ8 to serve the general services for TI8. The same will apply to TI2 by installing a transformer at the bottom of the PMI2 shaft.

Akhtar, S; CERN. Geneva. ST Division

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Saturday, auguSt 7, 2010 LittLejohn CoLiSeum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

rural commu- nities such as Kalkaska, Iron River, Manistique, St. Ignace, Newberry, and Escanaba make

Bolding, M. Chad

204

Washington-St Tammany E C, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Washington-St Tammany E C, Inc Washington-St Tammany E C, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Washington-St Tammany E C, Inc Place Louisiana Utility Id 21567 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SERC NERC SPP Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Farm and House Residential Large Power Industrial Large Power Service - 4 Industrial Lighting Service - Controlled (underground) - HPS 100W Lighting Lighting Service - Controlled (underground) - HPS 250W Lighting Lighting Service - Controlled (underground) - MV 175W Lighting Lighting Service - Controlled (underground) - MV 400W Lighting

205

Mt St Helens Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mt St Helens Geothermal Area Mt St Helens Geothermal Area Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: Mt St Helens Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Geofluid Geochemistry 8 NEPA-Related Analyses (0) 9 Exploration Activities (8) 10 References Area Overview Geothermal Area Profile Location: Washington Exploration Region: Cascades GEA Development Phase: 2008 USGS Resource Estimate Mean Reservoir Temp: Estimated Reservoir Volume: Mean Capacity: Click "Edit With Form" above to add content History and Infrastructure Operating Power Plants: 0 No geothermal plants listed. Add a new Operating Power Plant Developing Power Projects: 0

206

ST ATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS Nanoscale Science Research Center  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ST ST ATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS Nanoscale Science Research Center Class Waiver, W(C)-200S-001 The 21st Century Nanotechnology Research and Development Act, 15 U.S.c. §7501 et seq., (the "Nanotechnology Act"), signed into lawon December 3,2003, codifies programs and activities supported by the National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) and provides for the establishment of a network of advanced technology user facilities and centers. An "advanced technology user facility" is defined as "a nanotechnology research development facility supported, in whole or in part, by Federal funds that is open to all United States researchers on a competitive, merit- reviewed basis." 15 U.S.c. § 7509(5). DOE has established five user facilities under the Nanotechnology Act, known as Nanoscale Science Research Centers (NSRCs), which are funded by the

207

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- St Louis Airport - MO 01  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Airport - MO 01 Airport - MO 01 FUSRAP Considered Sites St. Louis Airport, MO Alternate Name(s): Airport Site St. Louis Airport Storage Site (SLAPS) Former Robertson Storage Area Robertson Airport MO.01-1 MO.01-2 Location: Brown Road, Robertson, Missouri MO.01-2 Historical Operations: Stored uranium process residues containing uranium, radium, and thorium for the MED and AEC. MO.01-2 MO.01-3 MO.01-4 Eligibility Determination: Eligible MO.01-1 MO.01-7 Radiological Survey(s): Assessment Surveys MO.01-4 MO.01-5 Site Status: Cleanup in progress by U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. MO.01-6 USACE Website Long-term Care Requirements: To be determined upon completion. Also see Documents Related to St. Louis Airport, MO MO.01-1 - DOE Memorandum; Coffman to LaGrone; Subject: Authorization

208

Shanghai ST Solar Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ST Solar Technology Co Ltd ST Solar Technology Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Shanghai ST Solar Technology Co Ltd Place Jiading, Shanghai Municipality, China Zip 201800 Sector Solar Product A company engaged in a-Si and crystalline silicon solar module production, solar system design, production and sale. Coordinates 31.3825°, 121.2603° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":31.3825,"lon":121.2603,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

209

MIT- Center for 21st Century Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

st Century Energy st Century Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name MIT- Center for 21st Century Energy Address 77 Massachusetts Avenue Place Cambridge, Massachusetts Zip 02139 Region Greater Boston Area Coordinates 42.359089°, -71.093412° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.359089,"lon":-71.093412,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

210

Program Update: 1st Quarter 2013 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1st Quarter 2013 1st Quarter 2013 Program Update: 1st Quarter 2013 Inside this Update: Abandoned Uranium Mines Report to Congress: LM Wants Your Input; LM Discusses Management of LTS&M Records; LM Launches New Website Under energy.gov; Biological Monitoring at Amchitka Appears to Show Impacts from Fukushima Dai-ichi Incident; Completion of the CERCLA Natural Resource Damage Process at the Rocky Flats Site; Environmental Justice Activities; Mound Museum Volunteers: Preserving a Laboratory's Legacy; DOE Evaluates Environmental Impacts of Uranium Mining on Government Land in Western Colorado; Solar Photovoltaic System at Tuba City Site; and more. The Program Update newsletter is produced every quarter and highlights major activities and events that occurred across the DOE complex during

211

Tool development and application: pressure, temperature, spectral gamma ray logging of the SB-15 well  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Sandia`s involvement with downhole instrumentation dates from the mid 1970s when work was centered on the development of a high-temperature acoustic borehole televiewer, and the establishment of a list of high- temperature component parts such as resistors, integrated circuits, and sensors. This work evolved into the development of memory logging devices for the US Continental Scientific Drilling Program. These tools were of low cost and very easy to use. Their deployment resulted in scientific advancement in understanding geothermal formations, and a thrust of the current program is to move memory tools from the scientific realm to the commercial environment. The tools developed and utilized in the SB-15 well among other field tests are completely self- contained in that power is obtained from batteries and data are stored in an electronic memory system. Three memory tools form the backbone of the initial Sandia tool suite. Pressure/temperature measurements are necessary for the evaluation of geothermal reservoirs, and they are relatively simple to make. Thus, the initial Sandia program concentrated on such a tool, and it has been successfully used in SB-15. This tool will form the basis for future tools since many engineering principles were proven in its evolution. This pressure/temperature tool combination is very useful in characterizing the geothermal reservoir. Another tool in the Sandia suite measures the natural gamma rays from the formation. This spectral gamma ray tool is useful in defining lithology, paleoflows, and certain clays. SB-15 well logging history and a preliminary interpretation of the data is presented in this report.

Sattler, A.R.; Norman, R.; Henfling, J.A.

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Pairing phenomenon in doubly odd neutron rich {sup 136}Sb nucleus  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on p-n and n-n pairing gap energies giving by K. Kaneko et al. (2003), we make modifications on the kh5082 interaction. Calculations and study of some nuclear properties for {sup 136}Sb nucleus are developed in the framework of the nuclear shell model by means of OXBASH structure code. We get the same energetic sequence as the recent experimental values of single particle energies. The effective charge values e{sub p}=1.35e and e{sub n}=0.9e, and factors given by V. I. Isakov are used to evaluate multipole electromagnetic moments.

Laouet, N.; Benrachi, F. [Laboratoire de Physique Mathematique et Subatomique Mentouri University, Constantine (Algeria)

2012-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

213

Grain refinement and texture development of cast bi90sb10 alloy via severe plastic deformation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this work was to study learn about grain refinement mechanisms and texture development in cast n-type Bi90Sb10 alloy caused by severe plastic deformation. The practical objective is to produce a fine grained and textured microstructure in Bi90Sb10 alloy with enhanced thermoelectric performance and mechanical strength. In the study, twelve millimeter diameter cast bars of Bi90Sb10 alloy were encapsulated in square cross section aluminum 6061 alloy containers. The composite bars were equal channel angular (ECAE) extruded through a 90 degree angle die at high homologous temperature. Various extrusion conditions were studied including punch speed (0.1, 0.3 and 0.6 in/min), extrusion temperature (220, 235 and 250oC), number of extrusion passes (1, 2 and 4), route (A, BC and C), and exit channel area reduction ratio (half and quarter area of inlet channel). The affect of an intermediate long term heat treatment (for 100 hours at 250oC under 10-3 torr vacuum) was explored. Processed materials were characterized by optical microscopy, x-ray diffraction, energy dispersive spectroscopy, wavelength dispersive spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Texture was analyzed using the {006} reflection plane to identify the orientation of the basal poles in processed materials. The cast grains were irregularly shaped, had a grain size of hundreds-of-microns to millimeters, and showed inhomogeneous chemical composition. Severe plastic deformation refines the cast grains through dynamic recrystallization and causes the development of a bimodal microstructure consisting of fine grains (5-30 micron) and coarse grains (50-300 micron). ECAE processing of homogenizied Bi-Sb alloy causes grain refinement and produces a more uniform microstructure. Texture results show that ECAE route C processing gives a similar or slightly stronger texture than ECAE route A processing. In both cases, the basal-plane poles become aligned with the shear direction. Reduction area exit channel extrusion is more effective for both grain refinement and texture enhancement than simple ECAE processing.

Im, Jae-taek

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Illinois' 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Illinois. Illinois. Registered Networking Organizations in Illinois' 1st congressional district Chicago Clean Energy Alliance Registered Energy Companies in Illinois' 1st congressional district Acciona Wind Energy USA LLC Aerotecture International Inc American Bar Association Section on Environment American Science and Technology Corporation AST Atlas Material Testing Solutions Boeing Co CNT Energy Carbon Green BioEnergy LLC Carbon Opportunity Group Carbon Solutions Group Centre for Neighbourhood Technology Chicago Climate Exchange CCX Chromatin Inc Community and Economic Development Association of Cook County (CEDA) Digilog Global Environmental LLC E ON Climate Renewables North America formerly Airtricity USA Environmental Financial Group Environmental Law and Policy Center

215

Performance Evaluation and Opportunity Assessment for St. Bernard Project  

SciTech Connect

This report describes efforts by IBACOS, a Department of Energy Building America research team, in the St. Bernard Project, a nonprofit, community-based organization whose mission is to assist Hurricane Katrina survivors return to their homes in the New Orleans area. The report focuses on energy modeling results of two plans that the St. Bernard Project put forth as 'typical' building types and on quality issues that were observed during the field walk and Best Practice recommendations that could improve the energy efficiency and durability of the renovated homes.

Dickson, B.

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Growth of an {alpha}-Sn film on an InSb(111) A-(2x2) surface  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have investigated the initial growth process of {alpha}-Sn films on the In-terminated InSb(111)A-(2x2) surface using low-energy electron diffraction (LEED) and high-resolution core-level photoelectron spectroscopy. Taking the LEED observation and the Sn coverage-dependent integrated intensities of the In 4d, Sb 4d, and Sn 4d core-level spectra into account, we conclude that the {alpha}-Sn film grows epitaxially by a bilayer mode and that there is no interdiffusion of the substrate atoms as suggested in the literature. Furthermore, the coverage-dependent In 4d and Sn 4d core levels indicate that the In vacancy site of InSb(111)A-(2x2) surface is not the preferable Sn absorption site.

Kondo, Daiyu; Sakamoto, Kazuyuki; Shima, Masahide; Takeyama, Wakaba [Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578 (Japan); Nakamura, Kenya; Ono, Kanta; Oshima, Masaharu [Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Kasukabe, Yoshitaka [Department of Electronic Engineering/International Student Center, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578 (Japan)

2004-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

217

Intersubband Transitions in Narrow InAs/AlSb Quantum Wells D. C. Larrabee, J. Tang, M. Liang, G. A. Khodaparast, J. Kono  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Intersubband Transitions in Narrow InAs/AlSb Quantum Wells D. C. Larrabee, J. Tang, M. Liang, G. A investigated intersubband transitions (ISBTs) in InAs/AlSb multiple quantum wells with well widths from 2.1 to 10 nm. The ISBT energy increased with decreasing well width and temperature. To explain these well

Kono, Junichiro

218

Electrodeposition of Ni5Sb2 nanowires array and its application as a high-performance anode material for lithium ion batteries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Single crystal Ni"5Sb"2 nanowires array is synthesized by direct-current electrodeposition technique. The initial specific discharge and charge capacity of the as-produced Ni"5Sb"2 nanowires array electrode as an anode material for lithium-ion batteries ... Keywords: Anode, Array structure, Charge/discharge capacity, Lithium-ion batteries, Nanowires

You-Wen Yang; Tian-Ying Li; Fei Liu; Wen-Bin Zhu; Xue-Liang Li; Yu-Cheng Wu; Ming-Guang Kong

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

GaSb-based Type-I QW LEDs and addressable arrays operated at wavelengths up to 3.66 m  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sb-based quantum wells (QW) light emitting diodes (LED) and LED arrays operating at room temperature at wavelengths. Kipshidze, D.Westerfeld, D. Snyder, M.Johnson, G. Belenky, "GaSb-Based Type I Quantum Well Light Emitting Diode Addressable Array Operated at Wavelengths up to 3.66 µm", IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21, 1087

220

Magnetic order near 270 K in mineral and synthetic Mn{sub 2}FeSbO{sub 6} ilmenite  

SciTech Connect

The structural and magnetic properties of Mn{sub 2}FeSbO{sub 6} single-crystalline mineral and ceramic samples synthesized under thermobaric treatment have been investigated, and compared to theoretical predictions based on first-principles electronic structure calculations. This ilmenite system displays a sharp magnetic transition just below the room temperature related to a ferrimagnetic ordering of the Mn{sup 2+} and Fe{sup 3+} cations, which makes Mn{sub 2}FeSbO{sub 6} a promising candidate for designing functional magnetic materials.

Mathieu, R.; Hudl, M.; Nordblad, P. [Department of Engineering Sciences, Uppsala University, Box 534, SE-75121 Uppsala (Sweden); Ivanov, S. A. [Department of Engineering Sciences, Uppsala University, Box 534, SE-75121 Uppsala (Sweden); Department of Inorganic Materials, Karpov' Institute of Physical Chemistry, Vorontsovo pole, 10 105064, Moscow K-64 (Russian Federation); Bazuev, G. V. [Institute of Solid-State Chemistry, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Science, 620999, Ekaterinburg GSP-145 (Russian Federation); Lazor, P. [Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala University, Villavaegen 16, SE-75236 Uppsala (Sweden); Solovyev, I. V. [National Institute for Materials Science, 1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0047 (Japan)

2011-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "namibia sb st" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Design and fabrication of 6.1-.ANG. family semiconductor devices using semi-insulating A1Sb substrate  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

For the first time, an aluminum antimonide (AlSb) single crystal substrate is utilized to lattice-match to overlying semiconductor layers. The AlSb substrate establishes a new design and fabrication approach to construct high-speed, low-power electronic devices while establishing inter-device isolation. Such lattice matching between the substrate and overlying semiconductor layers minimizes the formation of defects, such as threaded dislocations, which can decrease the production yield and operational life-time of 6.1-.ANG. family heterostructure devices.

Sherohman, John W. (Livermore, CA); Coombs, III, Arthur W. (Patterson, CA); Yee, Jick Hong (Livermore, CA); Wu, Kuang Jen J. (Cupertino, CA)

2007-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

222

In-situ Reflectance Monitoring of GaSb Substrate Oxide Desorption  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The use of specular reflectance to monitor GaSb substrate oxide desorption in-situ is reported. Substrates were loaded into the organometallic vapor phase epitaxy reactor either as-received (epi-ready) or after receiving a solvent degrease, acid etch and rinse. A variety of surface preparations and anneal conditions were investigated. HCL was used as the etchant, and in certain cases was followed by an additional etch in Br{sub 2}-HCl-HNO{sub 3}-CH{sub 3}COOH for comparison. Rinse comparisons included 2-propanol, methanol, and deionized water. Substrates were heated to either 525, 550, or 575 C. Features observed in the in-situ reflectance associated with the oxide desorption process were interpreted based on the starting oxide chemistry and thickness. Based on in-situ reflectance and ex-situ atomic force microscopy data, a recommendation on a reproducible GaSb substrate preparation technique suitable for high-quality epitaxial growth is suggested.

C.J. Vineis; C.A. Wang; K.F. Jensen

2000-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

223

SeZnSb alloy and its nano tubes, graphene composites properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Composite can alter the individual element physical property, could be useful to define the specific use of the material. Therefore, work demonstrates the synthesis of a new composition Se{sub 96}-Zn{sub 2}-Sb{sub 2} and its composites with 0.05% multi-walled carbon nano tubes and 0.05% bilayer graphene, in the glassy form. The diffused amorphous structure of the multi walled carbon nano tubes and bilayer gaphene in the Se{sub 96}-Zn{sub 2}-Sb{sub 2} alloy have been analyzed by using the Raman, X-ray photoluminescence spectroscopy, Furrier transmission infrared spectra, photoluminescence, UV/visible absorption spectroscopic measurements. The diffused prime Raman bands (G and D) have been appeared for the multi walled carbon nano tubes and graphene composites, while the X-ray photoluminescence core energy levels peak shifts have been observed for the composite materials. Subsequently the photoluminescence property at room temperature and a drastic enhancement (upto 80%) in infrared transmission percentage has been obtained for the bilayer graphene composite, along with optical energy band gaps for these materials have been evaluated 1.37, 1.39 and 1.41 eV.

Singh, Abhay Kumar [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Physics, Bangalore-560012 (India)

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

224

Thermoelectric and thermodynamic properties of half-Heulser alloy YPdSb from first principles calculations  

SciTech Connect

The structural, electronic, thermoelectric and thermodynamic properties of ternary half-Heusler compound YPdSb are investigated using the first principle calculations. It is found that YPdSb is an indirect semiconductor. The calculated band gap is 0.161 eV with spin-orbital coupling including and 0.235 eV without spin-orbital coupling including, respectively. The electronic transport properties are obtained via Boltzman transport theory. The predicted Seebeck coefficient is 240 {mu}V/K and the thermoelectric performance can be optimized by n-type doping at room temperature. Moreover, the lattice dynamical results regarding the phonon dispersion curves, phonon density of states and thermodynamic properties are reported. Thermodynamics (heat capacity and Debye temperature) as well as mean phonon free path and the thermal conductivity in a temperature range of 0-300 K are determined. - Graphical Abstract: (a) The dependence of the Seebeck coefficient on chemical potential at 300 K. (b) The dependence of the thermopower factor on chemical potential at 300 K. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The Seebeck coefficient and the thermopower factor are calculated. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The lattice dynamics and thermodynamic properties are obtained.

Kong, Fanjie, E-mail: fanjiekong@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Yancheng Institute of Technology, Jiangsu 224051 (China)] [Department of Physics, Yancheng Institute of Technology, Jiangsu 224051 (China); Hu, Yanfei [School of Science, Sichuan University of Science and Engineering, Zigong 643000 (China)] [School of Science, Sichuan University of Science and Engineering, Zigong 643000 (China); Hou, Haijun [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Yancheng Institute of Technology, Jiangsu 224051 (China)] [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Yancheng Institute of Technology, Jiangsu 224051 (China); Liu, Yanhua [School of information engineering, Yancheng Institute of Technology, Jiangsu 224051 (China)] [School of information engineering, Yancheng Institute of Technology, Jiangsu 224051 (China); Wang, Baolin [Department of Physics, Yancheng Institute of Technology, Jiangsu 224051 (China)] [Department of Physics, Yancheng Institute of Technology, Jiangsu 224051 (China); Wang, Lili [Computer Application Institute of CAEP, Academy of Engineering Physics of China, Mianyang 621900 (China)] [Computer Application Institute of CAEP, Academy of Engineering Physics of China, Mianyang 621900 (China)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

225

Optical anisotropy of InAs/GaSb broken-gap quantum wells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate in detail the optical anisotropy of absorption of linearly polarized light in InAs/GaSb quantum wells grown on GaSb along the [001] direction, which can be used as an active region of different laser structures. The energy level positions, the wave functions, the optical matrix elements, and the absorption coefficients are calculated using the eight-band k {center_dot} p model and the Burt-Foreman envelope function theory. In these calculations, the Schroedinger and Poisson equations are solved self-consistently taking the lattice-mismatched strain into account. We find that a realistic Hamiltonian, which has the C{sub 2v} symmetry, results in considerable anisotropy of optical matrix elements for different directions of light polarization and different directions of the initial-state in-plane wave vector, including low-symmetry directions. We trace how the optical matrix elements and absorption are modified when spin-orbit interaction and important symmetry breaking mechanisms are taken into account (structural inversion asymmetry, bulk inversion asymmetry, and interface Hamiltonian). These mechanisms result in an almost 100% anisotropy of the absorption coefficients as the light polarization vector rotates in the plane of the structure and in a plane normal to the interfaces.

Zakharova, A. A., E-mail: anna.alex.zakharova@gmail.com; Semenikhin, I. A. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Physics and Technology (Russian Federation); Chao, K. A. [Lund University, Department of Physics (Sweden)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

226

Boise Inc. St. Helens Paper Mill Achieves Significant Fuel Savings  

SciTech Connect

This case study describes how the Boise Inc. paper mill in St. Helens, Oregon, achieved annual savings of approximately 154,000 MMBtu and more than $1 million after receiving a DOE Save Energy Now energy assessment and implementing recommendations to improve the efficiency of its steam system.

Not Available

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Ba{sub 5}Ti{sub 12}Sb{sub 19+x}, a polar intermetallic compound with a stuffed gamma-brass structure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The polar intermetallic compound Ba{sub 5}Ti{sub 12}Sb{sub 19+x} (xbrass type with a primitive cell. A complex three-dimensional framework of Ti atoms, in the form of linked planar Ti{sub 9} clusters, is stuffed within the gamma-brass-type Ba-Sb substructure. Notwithstanding its relationship to the gamma-brass structure, the compound does not appear to conform to the Hume-Rothery electron concentration rules. Band structure calculations on an idealized Ba{sub 5}Ti{sub 12}Sb{sub 19} model suggest that the availability of bonding states above the Fermi level is responsible for the partial occupation, but only to a limited degree, of an additional Sb site within the structure. Magnetic measurements indicated Pauli paramagnetic behaviour. - A gamma-brass substructure built up of Ba-Sb clusters is stuffed with planar Ti{sub 9} clusters.

Bie Haiying [Department of Chemistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2G2 (Canada); Mar, Arthur, E-mail: arthur.mar@ualberta.c [Department of Chemistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2G2 (Canada)

2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

228

Atomic layer deposition of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} on GaSb using in situ hydrogen plasma exposure  

SciTech Connect

In this report, we study the effectiveness of hydrogen plasma surface treatments for improving the electrical properties of GaSb/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} interfaces. Prior to atomic layer deposition of an Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} dielectric, p-GaSb surfaces were exposed to hydrogen plasmas in situ, with varying plasma powers, exposure times, and substrate temperatures. Good electrical interfaces, as indicated by capacitance-voltage measurements, were obtained using higher plasma powers, longer exposure times, and increasing substrate temperatures up to 250 Degree-Sign C. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy reveals that the most effective treatments result in decreased SbO{sub x}, decreased Sb, and increased GaO{sub x} content at the interface. This in situ hydrogen plasma surface preparation improves the semiconductor/insulator electrical interface without the use of wet chemical pretreatments and is a promising approach for enhancing the performance of Sb-based devices.

Ruppalt, Laura B.; Cleveland, Erin R.; Champlain, James G.; Prokes, Sharka M.; Brad Boos, J.; Park, Doewon; Bennett, Brian R. [Electronics Science and Technology Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 (United States)

2012-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

229

Alternative Fuels Data Center: St. Louis Airport Relies on Biodiesel and  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

St. Louis Airport St. Louis Airport Relies on Biodiesel and Natural Gas Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: St. Louis Airport Relies on Biodiesel and Natural Gas Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: St. Louis Airport Relies on Biodiesel and Natural Gas Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: St. Louis Airport Relies on Biodiesel and Natural Gas Vehicles on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: St. Louis Airport Relies on Biodiesel and Natural Gas Vehicles on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: St. Louis Airport Relies on Biodiesel and Natural Gas Vehicles on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: St. Louis Airport Relies on Biodiesel and Natural Gas Vehicles on AddThis.com...

230

Minneapolis/St. Paul: Taking Solar to the Cities | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Minneapolis/St. Paul: Taking Solar to the Cities Minneapolis/St. Paul: Taking Solar to the Cities Minneapolis/St. Paul: Taking Solar to the Cities April 13, 2011 - 4:16pm Addthis An aerial view of the solar installation | courtesy of District Energy St. Paul An aerial view of the solar installation | courtesy of District Energy St. Paul April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs Last month, St. Paul, Minnesota unveiled the largest solar thermal project in the Upper Midwest on the roof of the St. Paul RiverCentre, the city-owned convention center overlooking the Mississippi River. The project was funded by $1 million in Recovery Act funding from the Department of Energy's Solar America Communities program as well as by matching funds from District Energy St. Paul, a Twin Cities utility company that heats 80

231

EAC Presentation on the Policy Framework for a 21st Century Grid...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EAC Presentation on the Policy Framework for a 21st Century Grid: Enabling our Secure Energy Future (July 12, 2011) EAC Presentation on the Policy Framework for a 21st Century...

232

North Woods River: The St. Croix River in Upper Midwest History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Review: North Woods River: The St. Croix River in Upperand Karamanski, Theodore J. North Woods River: The St. Croixbeauty and splendor. In North Woods River, Eileen M. McMahon

Karalus, Daniel E

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Smart Grid Week: How the Transition to 21st Century Grid Impacts...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

How the Transition to 21st Century Grid Impacts You Smart Grid Week: How the Transition to 21st Century Grid Impacts You June 5, 2013 - 2:18pm Addthis Smart meter technology plays...

234

Environmental Assessment on the leasing of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve, St. James Terminal, St. James Parish, Louisiana  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy (DOE) proposes to lease the Strategic Petroleum Reserve`s (SPR) St. James Terminal to private industry. The St. James Terminal consists of six storage tanks, a pumping station, two maine docks and ancillary facilities. DOE believes that the St. James Terminal presents an opportunity to establish a government- industry arrangement that could more effectively use this asset to serve the nations`s oil distribution needs, reduce the operational cost of the SPR, and provide a source of revenue for the Government. DOE solicited interest in leasing its distribution facilities in a notice published March 16, 1994. In response, industry has expressed interest in leasing the St. James Terminal, as well as several DOE pipelines, to enhance the operation of its own facilities or to avoid having to construct new ones. Under such a lease, industry use would be subordinate to DOE use in the event of a national energy emergency. This Environmental Assessment describes the proposed leasing operation, its alternatives, and potential environmental impacts. Based on this analyses, DOE has determined that the proposed action is not a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) OF 1969 and has issued the Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI).

NONE

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

A New Biology for the 21st Century: A Critical Role for Ecologists  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An editorial on A New Biology for the 21st Century: A Critical Role for Ecologists for Frontiers Magazine.

Janetos, Anthony C.

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Effects of filling in CoSb[subscript 3]: Local structure, band gap, and phonons from first principles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use ab initio computations to investigate the effect of filler ions on the properties of CoSb3 skutterudites. We analyze global and local structural effects of filling, using the Ba-filled system as an example. We show ...

Kozinsky, Boris

237

Hole mobility enhancement in In0.41 Ga0.59 Sb quantum-well field-effect transistors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The impact of ?110? uniaxial strain on the characteristics of p-channel In[subscript 0.41]Ga[subscript 0.59]Sb quantum-well field-effect transistors (QW-FETs) is studied through chip-bending experiments. Uniaxial strain ...

Xia, Ling

238

High capacity, reversible alloying reactions in SnSb/C nanocomposites for Na-ion battery applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new SnSb/C nanocomposite based on Na alloying reactions is demonstrated as anode for Na-ion battery applications. The electrode can achieve an exceptionally high capacity (544 mA h g{sup -1}, almost double that of intercalation carbon materials), good rate capacity and cyclability (80% capacity retention over 50 cycles) for Na-ion storage.

Xiao, Lifen; Cao, Yuliang; Xiao, Jie; Wang, Wei; Kovarik, Libor; Nie, Zimin; Liu, Jun

2012-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

239

SLUDGE BATCH 7 ACCEPTANCE EVALUATION: RADIONUCLIDE CONCENTRATIONS IN TANK 51 SB7 QUALIFICATION SAMPLE PREPARED AT SRNL  

SciTech Connect

Presented in this report are radionuclide concentrations required as part of the program of qualifying Sludge Batch Seven (SB7) for processing in the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF). The SB7 material is currently in Tank 51 being washed and prepared for transfer to Tank 40. The acceptance evaluation needs to be completed prior to the transfer of the material in Tank 51 to Tank 40. The sludge slurry in Tank 40 has already been qualified for DWPF and is currently being processed as SB6. The radionuclide concentrations were measured or estimated in the Tank 51 SB7 Qualification Sample prepared at Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL). This sample was prepared from the three liter qualification sample of Tank 51 sludge slurry (HTF-51-10-125) received on September 18, 2010. The sample was delivered to SRNL where it was initially characterized in the Shielded Cells. With consultation from the Liquid Waste Organization, the qualification sample was then modified by several washes and decants, which included addition of Pu from H Canyon and sodium nitrite per the Tank Farm corrosion control program. This final slurry now has a composition expected to be similar to that of the slurry in Tank 51 after final preparations have been made for transfer of that slurry to Tank 40. Determining the radionuclide concentrations in this Tank 51 SB7 Qualification Sample is part of the work requested in Technical Task Request (TTR) No. HLW-DWPF-TTR-2010-0031. The radionuclides included in this report are needed for the DWPF Radiological Program Evaluation, the DWPF Waste Acceptance Criteria (TSR/WAC) Evaluation, and the DWPF Solid Waste Characterization Program (TTR Task I.2). Radionuclides required to meet the Waste Acceptance Product Specifications (TTR Task III.2.) will be measured at a later date after the slurry from Tank 51 has been transferred to Tank 40. Then a sample of the as-processed SB7 will be taken and transferred to SRNL for measurement of these radionuclides. The results presented in this report are those necessary for DWPF to assess if the Tank 51 SB7 sample prepared at SRNL meets the requirements for the DWPF Radiological Program Evaluation, the DWPF Waste Acceptance Criteria evaluation, and the DWPF Solid Waste Characterization Program. Concentrations are given for thirty-four radionuclides along with total alpha and beta activity. Values for total gamma and total gamma plus beta activities are also calculated.

Pareizs, J.; Hay, M.

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

240

AlSb thin films as negative electrodes for Li-ion and Na-ion batteries  

SciTech Connect

The electrochemical reactions between Li and Na with amorphous/nanocrystalline AlSb thin films prepared by magnetron sputtering are reported for the first time. The films are composed of AlSb and Sb nanoparticles embedded into an amorphous matrix with an overall Sb/Al ratio of 1.13. The reaction with Li proceeds with an average reaction potential of 0.65 V, a reversible capacity of 750 mAh g-1, and very fast reaction kinetics. For instance, a storage capacity close to 500 mAh g-1, corresponding to 70% of the maximum capacity, is achieved at 125 C-rate. In addition, there is only a small increase in overpotentials with increasing current: ~0.15 V at 12 C and ~0.7 V at 125 C. In contrast, the reaction with Na results in average reaction potential of 0.5 V and a storage capacity of 500 mAh g-1 obtained at low currents. The capacity retention and reaction kinetics are presently not satisfactory with pronounced capacity losses upon cycling and large overpotentials with increasing current. The capacity retention can be improved by using fluoroethylene carbonate additive in the Na-ion electrolyte, which highlights that the Solid Electrolyte Interphase plays an important role for the electrode cycling stability. The reaction kinetics is relatively poor and an increase in overpotentials of about 0.9 V at 2 C is observed (retained capacity of about 350 mAh g-1 or 66% of the maximum). The study of the reaction mechanism on thick films (3-5 m) by X-ray diffraction reveals that the electrode material remains amorphous at all potentials. The presence of broad humps, located at the positions expected for Li-Al and Li-Sb line compounds, suggests that during the reaction with Li the atomic short range ordering is similar to the expected phases.

Baggetto, Loic [ORNL; Marszewski, Michal [Kent State University; Gorka, Joanna [ORNL; Jaroniec, Mietek [Kent State University; Veith, Gabriel M [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "namibia sb st" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Spectroscopy and capacitance measurements of tunneling resonances in an Sb-implanted point contact.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We fabricated a split-gate defined point contact in a double gate enhancement mode Si-MOS device, and implanted Sb donor atoms using a self-aligned process. E-beam lithography in combination with a timed implant gives us excellent control over the placement of dopant atoms, and acts as a stepping stone to focused ion beam implantation of single donors. Our approach allows us considerable latitude in experimental design in-situ. We have identified two resonance conditions in the point contact conductance as a function of split gate voltage. Using tunneling spectroscopy, we probed their electronic structure as a function of temperature and magnetic field. We also determine the capacitive coupling between the resonant feature and several gates. Comparison between experimental values and extensive quasi-classical simulations constrain the location and energy of the resonant level. We discuss our results and how they may apply to resonant tunneling through a single donor.

Wendt, Joel Robert; Rahman, Rajib; Ten Eyck, Gregory A.; Eng, Kevin; Carroll, Malcolm S.; Young, Ralph Watson; Lilly, Michael Patrick; Stalford, Harold Lenn; Bishop, Nathaniel; Bielejec, Edward Salvador

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Lattice dynamics and anomalous softening in the YbFe4Sb12 skutterudite  

SciTech Connect

The lattice dynamics of the filled skutterudite YbFe{sub 4}Sb{sub 12} was studied by resonant ultrasound spectroscopy and an anomalous softening in the temperature dependence of the elastic constants at {approx}50 K was observed. This anomaly can not be explained by the dynamics of the filler, in contrast to other filled skutterudites. We have further investigated the origin of this anomaly using macroscopic and microscopic measurements. A rearrangement of the spectral weight of the Yb phonon states was observed in the temperature dependence of the density of phonon states, obtained by inelastic neutron scattering. We suggest that the anomaly is due to a change of the Yb valence state and that the anomaly and the phonon spectral weight rearrangement have the same origin.

Mochel, A. [Julich Center for Neutron Science, Julich, Germany; Sergueev, I. [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF); Wille, H. -C. [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF); Voigt, J. [Julich Center for Neutron Science, Julich, Germany; Prager, M. [Julich Center for Neutron Science, Julich, Germany; Stone, Matthew B [ORNL; Sales, Brian C [ORNL; Guguchia, Z. [Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia; Shengelaya, A. [Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia; Keppens, V. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Hermann, Raphael P. [Forschungszentrum Julich, Julich, Germany

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Ab initio calculations and synthesis of the off-stoichiometric half-Heusler phase Ni{sub 1-x}Mn{sub 1+x}Sb  

SciTech Connect

We perform a combined theoretical and experimental study of the phase stability and magnetism of the off-stoichiometric Ni{sub 1-x}Mn{sub 1+x}Sb in the half-Heusler crystal phase. Our work is motivated by the need for strategies to engineer the magnetism of potentially half-metallic materials, such as NiMnSb, for improved performance at elevated temperatures. By means of ab initio calculations we investigate Ni{sub 1-x}Mn{sub 1+x}Sb over the whole composition range 0{<=}x{<=}1 of Ni replacing Mn and show that at relevant temperatures, the half-Heusler phase should be thermodynamically stable up to at least x=0.20 with respect to the competing C38 structure of Mn{sub 2}Sb. Furthermore we find that half-Heusler Ni{sub 1-x}Mn{sub 1+x}Sb retains half-metallic band structure over the whole concentration range and that the magnetic moments of substitutional Mn{sub Ni} atoms display magnetic exchange interactions an order of magnitude larger than the Ni-Mn interaction in NiMnSb. We also demonstrate experimentally that the alloys indeed can be created by synthesizing off-stoichiometric Ni{sub 1-x}Mn{sub 1+x}Sb films on MgO substrates by means of magnetron sputtering.

Ekholm, M.; Larsson, P.; Alling, B.; Helmersson, U.; Abrikosov, I. A. [Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology (IFM), Linkoeping University, SE-58183 Linkoeping (Sweden)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

244

Village St. George, Louisiana: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

St. George, Louisiana: Energy Resources St. George, Louisiana: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 30.3621371°, -91.0673259° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":30.3621371,"lon":-91.0673259,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

245

City of St John, Kansas (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

John, Kansas (Utility Company) John, Kansas (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name St John City of Place Kansas Utility Id 17879 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location SPP NERC SPP Yes RTO SPP Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial Commercial Experimental Generation User Rate Residential Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.1120/kWh Commercial: $0.1090/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=City_of_St_John,_Kansas_(Utility_Company)&oldid=410278

246

St. Mary's Hospital Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mary's Hospital Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Mary's Hospital Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name St. Mary's Hospital Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility St. Mary's Hospital Sector Geothermal energy Type Space Heating Location Pierre, South Dakota Coordinates 44.3683156°, -100.3509665° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

247

City of St Clairsville, Ohio (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Clairsville, Ohio (Utility Company) Clairsville, Ohio (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name City of St Clairsville Place Ohio Utility Id 17865 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial Commercial Residential Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.1040/kWh Commercial: $0.1040/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=City_of_St_Clairsville,_Ohio_(Utility_Company)&oldid=41027

248

St. Michael Indian School Wind Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Michael Indian School Wind Project Michael Indian School Wind Project Jump to: navigation, search Name St. Michael Indian School Wind Project Facility St. Michael Indian School Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind Location AZ Coordinates 35.647106°, -109.097389° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.647106,"lon":-109.097389,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

249

East Grand St Bridge Snowmelt Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bridge Snowmelt Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Bridge Snowmelt Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name East Grand St Bridge Snowmelt Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility East Grand St Bridge Sector Geothermal energy Type Snowmelt Location Laramie, Wyoming Coordinates 41.3113669°, -105.5911007° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

250

Semantic Building Blocks for 21st Century Building Engineering  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Semantic Building Blocks for 21st Century Building Engineering Semantic Building Blocks for 21st Century Building Engineering Speaker(s): Mark Palmer Date: October 2, 2009 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 The Building and Fire Research Laboratory (BFRL) of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) works to advance innovation and competitiveness of the U.S. building and fire safety industries. This presentation will introduce some of the work at BFRL to improve the design, construction and operation of the built environment and to advance the semantic infrastructure for integrated project design and delivery. With this context established, the presentation will examine research challenges and next steps for developing reference information models, industry data dictionaries and rule libraries for multidisciplinary collaboration to

251

City of St Paul, Nebraska (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nebraska (Utility Company) Nebraska (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name City of St Paul Place Nebraska Utility Id 17899 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location MRO Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial Rate- Single Phase Commercial Commercial Rate- Three Phase Commercial Residential Rate Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.0880/kWh Commercial: $0.1040/kWh Industrial: $0.0719/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=City_of_St_Paul,_Nebraska_(Utility_Company)&oldid=410283

252

St. Paul, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(Redirected from St. Paul, MN) (Redirected from St. Paul, MN) Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 44.9444101°, -93.0932742° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.9444101,"lon":-93.0932742,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

253

MHK Projects/St Clair River | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

St Clair River St Clair River < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.7219,"lon":-82.4842,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

254

MHK Projects/Humber St Andrews | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Humber St Andrews Humber St Andrews < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":53.6051,"lon":0.01259,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

255

St. Charles County, Missouri: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

St. Charles County, Missouri: Energy Resources St. Charles County, Missouri: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 38.7338885°, -90.8294002° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.7338885,"lon":-90.8294002,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

256

City of St Martinville, Louisiana (Utility Company) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Martinville, Louisiana (Utility Company) Martinville, Louisiana (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name City of St Martinville Place Louisiana Utility Id 17889 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location SPP NERC SPP Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png LARGE POWER SERVICE Industrial LIGHT COMMERCIAL Lighting RESIDENTIAL Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.1240/kWh Commercial: $0.1210/kWh Industrial: $0.0884/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=City_of_St_Martinville,_Louisiana_(Utility_Company)&oldid=410280"

257

MBE growth of GaInAsSb p/n junction diodes for thermophotovoltaic applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper reports recent progress in the development of quaternary III-V thermophotovoltaic (TPV) devices based on MBE grown Ga{sub x}In{sub 1{minus}x}As{sub y}Sb{sub 1{minus}y}. TPV is of great interest for a variety of applications. The objective of this work is to develop a TPV cell which is tunable to the emission spectrum of a heated blackbody, at temperatures in the range of 1200--1473 K. One aspect of this tuning is to match the band gap, E{sub gap}, of the photovoltaic device to the peak output of the heat source., An advantage of the quarternary III-V semiconductor systems is that devices can be fabricated by molecular beam epitaxy on a suitable binary substrate, such as GaSb or InAs, and the band gap and lattice constant can be adjusted more or less independently, to match requirements. Quarternary cells, with band-gaps in the 0.5 to 0.72 eV range, have been fabricated and tested. For 0.54 eV devices the authors obtained V{sub oc} = 0.3 V and I{sub sc} = 1.5 amperes/cm{sup 2} under infrared illumination of a 1200 K blackbody. Under high illumination levels the V{sub oc} and I{sub sc} ranged from 0.5 V at 3 amperes/cm{sup 2} for 0.72 eV devices to 0.31 V at 1.2 amperes/cm{sup 2} for 0.5 eV devices, indicating good photovoltaic device characteristics over the range of bandgaps. The diode ideality factor for 0.54 eV devices ranged from 2.45 at low illumination indicating tunneling-dominated dark current, to 1.7 at high illumination intensity indicating recombination-generation dominated dark currents.

Uppal, P.N. [Lockheed Martin Labs., Baltimore, MD (United States); Charache, G.; Baldasaro, P.; Campbell, B. [Lockheed Martin, Schenectady, NY (United States); Loughin, S. [Lockheed Martin Astro Space, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Svensson, S. [ARL, Adelphi, MD (United States); Gill, D. [National Semiconductor, Annapolis Junction, MD (United States)

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Electronic and optical properties of TiCoSb under different pressures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The electronic structure and optical properties of TiCoSb are studied by the first-principles calculation. It is found that the band gaps increase with the pressure increasing. It is noted that the increase of the band gap is due to the electrons of Ti 3d and Co 3d of the valence band (VB) shifting away from the Fermi level. Our calculation indicates that TiCoSb has the large density of state near the Fermi level; moreover, the changes of the density of states near the Fermi level mainly are caused by Ti 3d and Co 3d under the different pressures. It is noted that the absorption edge increases with an increase of pressure. As pressure increases, the static dielectric constants {epsilon}{sub 1}(0) decrease. All peaks of the imaginary part of the dielectric function {epsilon}{sub 2}({omega}) move towards higher energies within increasing pressure. - Graphical abstract: The first peak positions of the absorption spectrum increase and shift the high energy with an increase of pressure. The buleshift of the absorption edge could be observed. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer It is noted that the increase of the band gap is due to the electrons of Ti 3d and Co 3d of VB moving away from the Fermi level. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer It is noted that the absorption edge increases with an increase of pressure. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer As pressure increases, the static dielectric constant {epsilon}{sub 1}(0) decreases. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer All peaks of the imaginary part of the dielectric function {epsilon}{sub 2}({omega}) move to wards higher energies within creasing pressure.

Xu Bin, E-mail: hnsqxb@163.com [Department of Mathematics and Information Sciences, North China Institute of Water Conservancy and Hydroelectric Power, Zhengzhou 450011 (China); Zhang Jing [Department of Mathematics and Information Sciences, North China Institute of Water Conservancy and Hydroelectric Power, Zhengzhou 450011 (China); Liang Jianchu [Department of electronic science, Huizhou University, Guangdong 516001 (China); Gao Guoying; Yi Lin [Department of Physics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074 (China)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

259

Economics and applications of geothermal energy in St. Lucia  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The assessment reported here consisted of three major tasks: first, a field geologic assessment of the physical extent of the Qualibou caldera geothermal resource; second, an engineering evaluation of the potential development of the geothermal resource; and third, a study of the potential economic impact upon St. Lucia associated with the development of the geothermal resource. The first task, the geologic assessment, is not discussed in detail.

Altseimer, J.H.; Burris, A.E.; Edeskuty, F.J.; Trocki, L.K.; Williamson, K.D. Jr.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

21st Century Customers: Volume 2: Business and Commerce  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Understanding and meeting the evolving needs of business customers could be critical to the future prosperity of energy enterprises. This report examines five significant commercial sector businesses that are undergoing dramatic changes in their markets and relationships to consumers -- retail and food, wholesaling and warehousing, offices, health care, and education. The report provides a companion to Volume 1, 21st Century Customers: Volume 1: Industry and Manufacturing, covering the evolving needs of ...

1999-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "namibia sb st" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Suppression of heavy impurities in the ST Tokamak  

SciTech Connect

Two different discharges in the ST Tokamak are described: A discharge dominated by high-Z (iron) impurity (Case A), and one dominated by low-Z (oxygen) impurity (Case B). The oxygen-dominated discharge shows higher electron temperature and longer containment time than the iron-dominated discharge. Suppression of Fe and Mo impurities has been achieved by pulsing in air for a few hundred shots. (auth)

Meservey, E.; Bretz, N.; Dimock, D.; Hinnov, E.

1975-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Wind Powering America: Clean Energy for the 21st Century  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wind Powering America Clean Energy for the 21st Century provides basic information about the benefits of wind power, contacts for information about wind power, and a brief description of the Wind Powering America Program, it goals, and its benefits. In addition, the brochure contains perspectives on the benefits of wind power from 10 U.S. citizens from different sectors of society including, farming, ranching, government, education, and the energy industry.

Not Available

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

21st Century Customers: Volume 1: Industry and Manufacturing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Understanding and meeting the evolving needs of industrial customers could be critical to the future prosperity of energy enterprises. This report examines five significant industries that are undergoing dramatic changes in their markets and relationships to buyers of their products -- steel and aluminum, paper and pulp, chemicals, plastics, and food processing. The report provides a companion to Volume 2, 21st Century Customers: Volume 2: Business and Commerce, covering the evolving needs of five commer...

1999-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

264

DOE pollution prevention in the 21st century  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document presents abstracts of the topics covered in the DOE Pollution Prevention in the 21st Century conference held July 9-11, 1996. These topics include: model facilities; Federal/NEPA/stake- holders; microchemistry; solvents and reduction; education and outreach; return on investments; energy management; decontamination and decommissioning; planning and regulations; environmental restoration; recycling; affirmative procurement in the executive branch; construction and demolition; materials exchange; and ISO 2000.

NONE

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Feasibility Study of Economics and Performance of Solar Photovoltaics at the Former St. Marks Refinery in St. Marks, Florida  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

853 853 September 2010 Feasibility Study of Economics and Performance of Solar Photovoltaics at the Former St. Marks Refinery in St. Marks, Florida A Study Prepared in Partnership with the Environmental Protection Agency for the RE-Powering America's Lands Initiative: Siting Renewable Energy on Potentially Contaminated Land and Mine Sites Lars Lisell and Gail Mosey National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC Contract No. DE-AC36-08-GO28308 Technical Report NREL/TP-6A2-48853 September 2010 Feasibility Study of Economics

266

Lattice constant grading in the Al.sub.y Ca.sub.1-y As.sub.1-x Sb.sub.x alloy system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Liquid phase epitaxy is employed to grow a lattice matched layer of GaAsSb on GaAs substrates through the compositional intermediary of the III-V alloy system AlGaAsSb which acts as a grading layer. The Al constituent reaches a peak atomic concentration of about 6% within the first 2.5.mu.m of the transition layer, then decreases smoothly to about 1% to obtain a lattice constant of 5.74 A. In the same interval the equilibrium concentration of Sb smoothly increases from 0 to about 9 atomic percent to form a surface on which a GaAsSb layer having the desired energy bandgap of 1.1 ev for one junction of an optimized dual junction photovoltaic device. The liquid phase epitaxy is accomplished with a step cooling procedure whereby dislocation defects are more uniformly distributed over the surface of the growing layer.

Moon, Ronald L. (Palo Alto, CA)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Lattice constant grading in the Al.sub.y Ga.sub.1-y As.sub.1-x Sb.sub.x alloy system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Liquid phase epitaxy is employed to grow a lattice matched layer of GaAsSb on GaAs substrates through the compositional intermediary of the III-V alloy system AlGaAsSb which acts as a grading layer. The Al constituent reaches a peak atomic concentration of about 6% within the first 2.5 .mu.m of the transition layer, then decreases smoothly to about 1% to obtain a lattice constant of 5.74 A. In the same interval the equilibrium concentration of Sb smoothly increases from 0 to about 9 atomic percent to form a surface on which a GaAsSb layer having the desired energy bandgap of 1.1 ev for one junction of an optimized dual junction photolvoltaic device. The liquid phase epitaxy is accomplished with a step cooling procedure whereby dislocation defects are more uniformly distributed over the surface of growing layer.

Moon, Ronald L. (Palo Alto, CA)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

CdSe/CdTe type-II superlattices grown on GaSb (001) substrates by molecular beam epitaxy  

SciTech Connect

CdSe/CdTe superlattices are grown on GaSb substrates using molecular beam epitaxy. X-ray diffraction measurements and cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy images indicate high crystalline quality. Photoluminescence (PL) measurements show the effective bandgap varies with the superlattice layer thicknesses and confirm the CdSe/CdTe heterostructure has a type-II band edge alignment. The valence band offset between unstrained CdTe and CdSe is determined as 0.63 {+-} 0.06 eV by fitting the measured PL peak positions using the envelope function approximation and the Kronig-Penney model. These results suggest that CdSe/CdTe superlattices are promising candidates for multi-junction solar cells and other optoelectronic devices based on GaSb substrates.

Li Jingjing; Liu Shi; Wang Shumin; Ding Ding; Johnson, Shane R.; Zhang Yonghang [Center for Photonics Innovation, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287 (United States); School of Electrical, Computer and Energy Engineering, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287 (United States); Liu Xinyu; Furdyna, Jacek K. [Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States); Smith, David J. [Center for Photonics Innovation, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287 (United States); Department of Physics, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287 (United States)

2012-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

269

Methods for chemical recovery of non-carrier-added radioactive tin from irradiated intermetallic Ti-Sb targets  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention provides a method of chemical recovery of no-carrier-added radioactive tin (NCA radiotin) from intermetallide TiSb irradiated with accelerated charged particles. An irradiated sample of TiSb can be dissolved in acidic solutions. Antimony can be removed from the solution by extraction with dibutyl ether. Titanium in the form of peroxide can be separated from tin using chromatography on strong anion-exchange resin. In another embodiment NCA radiotin can be separated from iodide solution containing titanium by extraction with benzene, toluene or chloroform. NCA radiotin can be finally purified from the remaining antimony and other impurities using chromatography on silica gel. NCA tin-117m can be obtained from this process. NCA tin-117m can be used for labeling organic compounds and biological objects to be applied in medicine for imaging and therapy of various diseases.

Lapshina, Elena V. (Troitsk, RU); Zhuikov, Boris L. (Troitsk, RU); Srivastava, Suresh C. (Setauket, NY); Ermolaev, Stanislav V. (Obninsk, RU); Togaeva, Natalia R. (Obninsk, RU)

2012-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

270

Microsoft Word - S06528_1st qtr 2010.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

10 10 July 2010 LMS/RFS/S06528 This page intentionally left blank LMS/RFS/S06528 U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management Rocky Flats Site Quarterly Report of Site Surveillance and Maintenance Activities First Quarter Calendar Year 2010 July 2010 This page intentionally left blank U.S. Department of Energy Quarterly Report of Site Surveillance and Maintenance Activities-1st Quarter CY 2010 July 2010 Doc. No. S06528 Page i Contents Abbreviations.................................................................................................................................. v 1.0 Introduction .......................................................................................................................... 1 2.0 Site Operations and Maintenance.........................................................................................

271

Dynamic computer simulation of the Fort St. Vrain steam turbines  

SciTech Connect

A computer simulation is described for the dynamic response of the Fort St. Vrain nuclear reactor regenerative intermediate- and low-pressure steam turbines. The fundamental computer-modeling assumptions for the turbines and feedwater heaters are developed. A turbine heat balance specifying steam and feedwater conditions at a given generator load and the volumes of the feedwater heaters are all that are necessary as descriptive input parameters. Actual plant data for a generator load reduction from 100 to 50% power (which occurred as part of a plant transient on November 9, 1981) are compared with computer-generated predictions, with reasonably good agreement.

Conklin, J.C.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Buildings for the 21st Century, Fall 2001  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Buildings for the 21st Century newsletter is produced by the Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs and contains information on building programs, events, products, and initiatives, with a focus on energy efficiency and renewable energy. The fall issue includes information on weatherization, Boise's geothermal heating system, the BTS Core Databook, the Solar Decathlon, a Rebuild America partnership, the BigHorn Home Improvement Center, AIA's Top Ten Buildings, a sub-CFL procurement program, the U.S. investment in energy efficient research, new efficiency standards, PNNL's building software, and a calendar of meetings and conferences.

Not Available

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Growth and characterization of In{sub 0.2}Ga{sub 0.8}Sb device structures using metalorganic vapor phase epitaxy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In{sub 0.2}Ga{sub 0.8}Sb epitaxial layers and thermophotovoltaic (TPV) device structures have been grown on GaSb and GaAs substrates by metalorganic vapor phase epitaxy (MOVPE). Control of the n-type doping up to 1 {times} 10{sup 18} cm{sup {minus}3} was achieved using diethyltellurium (DETE) as the dopant source. A Hall mobility of greater than 8,000 cm{sup 2}/Vs at 77 K was obtained for a 3 {times} 10{sup 17} cm{sup {minus}3} doped In{sub 0.2}Ga{sub 0.8}Sb layer grown on high-resistivity GaSb substrate. The In{sub 0.2}Ga{sub 0.8}Sb epilayers directly grown on GaSb substrates were tilted with respect to the substrates, with the amount of tilt increasing with the layer thickness. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) studies of the layers showed the presence of dislocation networks across the epilayers parallel to the interface at different distances from the interface, but the layers above this dislocation network were virtually free of dislocations. A strong correlation between epilayer tilt and TPV device properties was found, with layers having more tilt providing better devices. The results suggest that the dislocations moving parallel to the interface cause lattice tilt, and control of this layer tilt may enable the fabrication of better quality device structures.

Ehsani, H.; Bhat, I.; Hitchcock, C.; Gutmann, R. [Rensselaer Polytechnic Inst., Troy, NY (United States); Charache, G.; Freeman, M. [Lockheed Martin Inc., Schenectady, NY (United States)

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Vehicle Technologies Office: 21st Century Truck Technical Goals and Teams  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Truck Truck Technical Goals and Teams to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: 21st Century Truck Technical Goals and Teams on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: 21st Century Truck Technical Goals and Teams on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: 21st Century Truck Technical Goals and Teams on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: 21st Century Truck Technical Goals and Teams on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: 21st Century Truck Technical Goals and Teams on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: 21st Century Truck Technical Goals and Teams on AddThis.com... Key Activities Mission, Vision, & Goals Plans, Implementation, & Results Organization & Contacts National Laboratories Budget

275

Job Creation and Energy Savings in St. Paul, Minnesota | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Job Creation and Energy Savings in St. Paul, Minnesota Job Creation and Energy Savings in St. Paul, Minnesota Job Creation and Energy Savings in St. Paul, Minnesota April 11, 2011 - 3:47pm Addthis St. Paul Mayor Chris Coleman explains how grant money created jobs. Andy Oare Andy Oare Former New Media Strategist, Office of Public Affairs The city of St. Paul, Minnesota, and local produce distribution company, J&J Distributing, are taking a no-nonsense approach to cutting waste, saving energy and creating jobs in the Twin Cities. As part of the city's $1.3 million Energy Efficiency Conservation Block Grant, J&J Distributing has upgraded its interior lighting system and replaced 44 rooftop refrigeration units with three energy efficient climate control systems. The distribution center is located in an area of St. Paul that has been a

276

June 13, 2011: Building the 21st Century Grid | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

June 13, 2011: Building the 21st Century Grid June 13, 2011: Building the 21st Century Grid June 13, 2011: Building the 21st Century Grid June 13, 2011: Building the 21st Century Grid Secretary Chu participates in an event at the White House on "Building the 21st Century Grid." At the event, the Administration announces a number of new public- and private-sector initiatives designed to accelerate the modernization of the Nation's electric infrastructure, bolster electric-grid innovation, and advance a clean energy economy, in part by taking greater advantage of digital and communications or "smart grid" technologies. The White House releases a report by the Cabinet-level National Science and Technology Council, "A Policy Framework for the 21st Century Grid," which charts a collaborative path forward for applying smart

277

The growth of InAsSb/InAsP strained-layer superlattices for use in infrared emitters  

SciTech Connect

We describe the metal-organic chemical vapor deposition growth of InAsSb/InAsP strained-layer superlattice (SLS) active regions for use in mid-infrared emitters. These SLSs were grown at 500{degrees}C, and 200 torr in a horizontal quartz reactor using TMIn, TESb, AsH{sub 3},and PH{sub 3}. By changing the layer thickness and composition we have prepared structures with low temperature ({le}20K) photoluminescence wavelengths ranging from 3.2 to 4.4 {mu}m. Excellent performance was observed for an SLS LED and both optically pumped and electrically injected SLS lasers. An optically pumped, double heterostructure laser emitted at 3.86 {mu}m with a maximum operating temperature of 240 K and a characteristic temperature of 33 K. We have also made electrically injected lasers and LEDs utilizing a GaAsSb/InAs semi-metal injection scheme. The semi-metal injected, broadband LED emitted at 4 {mu}m with 80 {mu}W of power at 300K and 200 mA average current. The InAsSb/InAsP SLS injection laser emitted at 3.6 gm at 120 K.

Biefeld, R.M.; Allerman, A.A.; Kurtz, S.R. [and others

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Atomic-resolution study of polarity reversal in GaSb grown on Si by scanning transmission electron microscopy  

SciTech Connect

The atomic-resolved reversal of the polarity across an antiphase boundary (APB) was observed in GaSb films grown on Si by high-angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy (HAADF-STEM). The investigation of the interface structure at the origin of the APB reveals that coalescence of two domains with Ga-prelayer and Sb-prelayer causes the sublattice reversal. The local strain and lattice rotation distributions of the APB, attributed to the discordant bonding length at the APB with the surrounding GaSb lattice, were further studied using the geometric phase analysis technique. The crystallographic characteristics of the APBs and their interaction with other planar defects were observed with HAADF-STEM. The quantitative agreement between experimental and simulated images confirms the observed polarities in the acquired HAADF-STEM data. The self-annihilation mechanism of the APBs is addressed based on the rotation induced by anti-site bonds and APBs' faceting.

Hosseini Vajargah, S.; Woo, S. Y.; Botton, G. A. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4L7 (Canada); Brockhouse Institute for Material Research, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4M1 (Canada); Canadian Centre for Electron Microscopy, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4M1 (Canada); Ghanad-Tavakoli, S. [Centre for Emerging Device Technologies, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4L7 (Canada); Kleiman, R. N.; Preston, J. S. [Brockhouse Institute for Material Research, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4M1 (Canada); Centre for Emerging Device Technologies, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4L7 (Canada); Department of Engineering Physics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4L7 (Canada)

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

EnergyPlusDeST DOE-2.1E Building energy modeling programs comparison  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ST #12; 1 IEA BESTest ASHRAE Standard 140[1] [2] 1 EnergyPlus, DeST, DOE-2, ESP, BLAST TRNSYS 1 ASHRAE RP865[1] 2ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 140 [4] 3 IEA SHC BESTest / [5] EnergyPlus [6] [7 4 EnergyPlus DeST 4 #12; 4 4.1 CAVVAV ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2004 EnergyPlus De

280

21st Century jobs initiative - building the foundations for a 21st Century economy. Final main report  

SciTech Connect

The 21st Century Jobs Initiative has been launched in the context of new realities in Washington, D.C., rapid restructuring of the US economy and accelerating changes in the makeup of the East Tennessee economy driven by these and other external economic forces. Continuing downward pressure on Federal budgets for programs that support three key institutions in the region - DOE`s Oak Ridge complex, the Tennessee Valley Authority and research programs of the University of Tennessee - are especially threatening to the region. With a large part of its economy dependent on Federal spending, the area is at risk of troublesome impacts that could ripple out from the Oak Ridge and Knoxville home of these institutions throughout the entire 15-county {open_quotes}Resource Valley.{close_quotes} As these economic forces play out in the region`s economy, important questions arise. How will East Tennessee {open_quotes}earn its living{close_quotes} in the future if the Federal government role in the economy shrinks? What kind of new industries will be formed to replace those at risk due to Federal cutbacks and economic restructuring? Where will the jobs come from for the next generation of job seekers? These are among the questions driving the 21st Century Jobs Initiative, an action-oriented program designed and implemented by local leaders in response to the economic challenges facing East Tennessee. Fortunately, the region`s economy is strong today. Unemployment is at near record lows in most counties. Moreover, leaders are increasingly aware of the threats on the horizon and are already moving to action. And the impacts from the forces at work on the economy will probably come slowly, over the next decade or so. Based on economic research and input from local leaders knowledgeable about the economy, the 21st Century Jobs Initiative has set forth a strategic economic development plan for the region.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "namibia sb st" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Space power technology into the 21st century  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper discusses the space power systems of the early 21st century. The focus is on those capabilities which are anticipated to evolve from today's state-of-the-art and the technology development programs presently in place or planned for the remainder of the century. The power system technologies considered include solar thermal, nuclear, radioisotope, photovoltaic, thermionic, thermoelectric, and dynamic conversion systems such as the Brayton and Stirling cycles. Energy storage technologies considered include nickel hydrogen biopolar batteries, advanced high energy rechargeable batteries, regenerative fuel cells, and advanced primary batteries. The present state-of-the-art of these space power and energy technologies is discussed along with their projections, trends and goals. A speculative future mission model is postulated which includes manned orbiting space stations, manned lunar bases, unmanned earth orbital and interplanetary spacecraft, manned interplanetary missions, military applications, and earth to space and space to space transportation systems. The various space power/energy system technologies anticipated to be operational by the early 21st century are matched to these missions.

Faymon, K.A.; Fordyce, J.S.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Transforming Epidemiology for 21st Century Medicine and Public Health  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

n 2012, the National Cancer Institute (NCI) engaged the scientific community to provide a vision for cancer epidemiology in the 21st century. Eight overarching thematic recommendations, with proposed corresponding actions for consideration by funding agencies, professional societies, and the research community emerged from the collective intellectual discourse. The themes are (i) extending the reach of epidemiology beyond discovery and etiologic research to include multilevel analysis, intervention evaluation, implementation, and outcomes research; (ii) transforming the practice of epidemiology by moving toward more access and sharing of protocols, data, metadata, and specimens to foster collaboration, to ensure reproducibility and replication, and accelerate translation; (iii) expanding cohort studies to collect exposure, clinical, and other information across the life course and examining multiple health-related endpoints; (iv) developing and validating reliable methods and technologies to quantify exposures and outcomes on a massive scale, and to assess concomitantly the role of multiple factors in complex diseases; (v) integrating big data science into the practice of epidemiology; (vi) expanding knowledge integration to drive research, policy, and practice; (vii) transforming training of 21st century epidemiologists to address interdisciplinary and translational research; and (viii) optimizing the use of resources and infrastructure for epidemiologic studies. These recommendations can transform cancer epidemiology and the field of epidemiology, in general, by enhancing transparency, interdisciplinary collaboration, and strategic applications of new technologies. They should lay a strong scientific foundation for accelerated translation of scientific discoveries into individual and population health benefits.

Khoury, Muin J [National Institutes of Health; Lam, Tram Kim [National Institutes of Health; Ioannidis, John [Stanford University; Hartge, Patricia [National Institutes of Health; Spitz, Margaret R. [Baylor College of Medicine, Huston; Buring, Julie E. [Brigham and Women's Hospital; Chanock, Stephen J. [National Institutes of Health; Tourassi, Georgia [ORNL; Zauber, Ann [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center; Schully, Sheri D [National Institutes of Health

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

SAES ST 909 PILOT SCALE METHANE CRACKING TESTS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Pilot scale (500 gram) SAES St 909 methane cracking tests were conducted to determine material performance for tritium process applications. Tests that ran up to 1400 hours have been performed at 700 C, 202.7 kPa (1520 torr) with a 30 sccm feed of methane, with various impurities, in a 20 vol% hydrogen, balance helium, stream. A 2.5 vol% methane feed was reduced below 30 ppm for 631 hours. A feed of 1.1 vol% methane plus 1.4 vol% carbon dioxide was reduced below 30 ppm for 513 hours. The amount of carbon dioxide gettered by St 909 can be equated to an equivalent amount of methane gettered to estimate a reduced bed life for methane cracking. The effect of 0.4 vol % and 2.1 vol% nitrogen in the feed reduced the time to exceed 30 ppm methane to 362 and 45 hours, respectively, but the nitrogen equivalence to reduced methane gettering capacity was found to be dependent on the nitrogen feed composition. Decreased hydrogen concentrations increased methane getter rates while a drop of 30 C in one bed zone increased methane emissions by over a factor of 30. The impact of gettered nitrogen can be somewhat minimized if the nitrogen feed to the bed has been stopped and sufficient time given to recover the methane cracking rate.

Klein, J; Henry Sessions, H

2007-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

284

Activity of the kinesin spindle protein inhibitor ispinesib (SB-715992) in models of breast cancer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ispinesib (SB-715992) is a potent inhibitor of kinesin spindle protein (KSP), a kinesin motor protein essential for the formation of a bipolar mitotic spindle and cell cycle progression through mitosis. Clinical studies of ispinesib have demonstrated a 9% response rate in patients with locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer, and a favorable safety profile without significant neurotoxicities, gastrointestinal toxicities or hair loss. To better understand the potential of ispinesib in the treatment of breast cancer we explored the activity of ispinesib alone and in combination several therapies approved for the treatment of breast cancer. We measured the ispinesib sensitivity and pharmacodynamic response of breast cancer cell lines representative of various subtypes in vitro and as xenografts in vivo, and tested the ability of ispinesib to enhance the anti-tumor activity of approved therapies. In vitro, ispinesib displayed broad anti-proliferative activity against a panel of 53 breast cell-lines. In vivo, ispinesib produced regressions in each of five breast cancer models, and tumor free survivors in three of these models. The effects of ispinesib treatment on pharmacodynamic markers of mitosis and apoptosis were examined in vitro and in vivo, revealing a greater increase in both mitotic and apoptotic markers in the MDA-MB-468 model than in the less sensitive BT-474 model. In vivo, ispinesib enhanced the anti-tumor activity of trastuzumab, lapatinib, doxorubicin, and capecitabine, and exhibited activity comparable to paclitaxel and ixabepilone. These findings support further clinical exploration of KSP inhibitors for the treatment of breast cancer.

Purcell, James W; Davis, Jefferson; Reddy, Mamatha; Martin, Shamra; Samayoa, Kimberly; Vo, Hung; Thomsen, Karen; Bean, Peter; Kuo, Wen Lin; Ziyad, Safiyyah; Billig, Jessica; Feiler, Heidi S; Gray, Joe W; Wood, Kenneth W; Cases, Sylvaine

2009-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

285

BETA-DECAY MATRIX ELEMENTS IN Sb$sup 12$$sup 2$  

SciTech Connect

An electronic computer has been used to investigate the six nuclear matrix elements which enter into the 2/sup -/ to 2/sup +/ 1.40-Mev beta transition in the decay of Sb/sup 122/. Data from beta-gamma angular correlation, beta-circularly polarized gamma angular correlation, nuclear orientation, and nuclear resonance experiments were used in this analysis. As a further aid, the Feenberg-Ahrens relations between certain of the nuclear matrix elements were employed to catalog the solutions and to simplify the search problem. In order to discover how the remaining ambiguity of these solutions could most easily be reduced, for each of the solutions calculations were made of the predicted results of all possible experiments on this beta transition. These calculations show how sufficient experimental data can be obtained to determine unambiguously all six nuclear matrix elements. In an appendix all the theoretical formulas which give the experimental observables for a first forbidden 2/sup -/ to S/sup +/ beta transition in terms of the nuclear matrix ele

Pipkin, F.M.; Sanderson, J.; Weyhmann, W.

1963-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

286

"Nuclear Power - Contributing to U.S. Energy Needs in the 21st...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

"Nuclear Power - Contributing to U.S. Energy Needs in the 21st Century?" Director's Welcome Organization Achievements Highlights Fact Sheets, Brochures & Other Documents...

287

Modelling Versions in Collaborative Work School of Computing, Staffordshire University, Stafford ST18 0DG, UK.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Stafford ST18 0DG, UK. Email: A.J.Dix@soc.staffs.ac.uk Tom Rodden and Ian Sommerville Cooperative Systems

Dix, Alan

288

Russia Tri-Lab S&T Collaborations | National Nuclear Security...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog The National Nuclear Security Administration Russia Tri-Lab S&T Collaborations Home > About Us > Our Programs > Defense Programs > Future Science...

289

Looking Ahead - Biofuels, H2, & Vehicles: 21st Industry Growth Forum  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This presentation on the future of biofuels, hydrogen, and hybrid vehicles was presented at NREL's 21st Industry Growth Forum in Denver, Colorado, on October 28, 2008.

Gardner, D.

2008-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

290

St. Lucie County - Solar and Energy Loan Fund (SELF)(Florida...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lucie County - Solar and Energy Loan Fund (SELF)(Florida) St. Lucie County - Solar and Energy Loan Fund (SELF)(Florida) Eligibility Residential Savings For Home Weatherization...

291

Framework and Evolution of a Transgressed Delta Lobe: St. Bernard Shoals, Northern Gulf of Mexico, USA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Framework and Evolution of a Transgressed Delta Lobe: St. Bernard Shoals, Northern Gulf of Mexico.......................................................................................7 Quaternary Sea-Level for the Northern Gulf of Mexico

Kulp, Mark

292

Thermochemical and kinetic aspects of the sulfurization of Cu-Sb and Cu-Bi thin films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CuSbS{sub 2} and Cu{sub 3}BiS{sub 3} are being investigated as part of a search for new absorber materials for photovoltaic devices. Thin films of these chalcogenides were produced by conversion of stacked and co-electroplated metal precursor layers in the presence of elemental sulfur vapour. Ex-situ XRD and SEM/EDS analyses of the processed samples were employed to study the reaction sequence with the aim of achieving compact layer morphologies. A new 'Time-Temperature-Reaction' (TTR) diagram and modified Pilling-Bedworth coefficients have been introduced for the description and interpretation of the reaction kinetics. For equal processing times, the minimum temperature required for CuSbS{sub 2} to appear is substantially lower than for Cu{sub 3}BiS{sub 3}, suggesting that interdiffusion across the interfaces between the binary sulfides is a key step in the formation of the ternary compounds. The effects of the heating rate and sulfur partial pressure on the phase evolution as well as the potential losses of Sb and Bi during the processes have been investigated experimentally and the results related to the equilibrium pressure diagrams obtained via thermochemical computation. - Graphical Abstract: Example of 3D plot showing the equilibrium pressure surfaces of species potentially escaping from chalcogenide films as a function of temperature and sulfur partial pressure. Bi{sub (g)}, Bi{sub 2(g)}, and BiS{sub (g)} are the gaseous species in equilibrium with solid Bi{sub 2}S{sub 3(s)} considered in this specific example. The pressure threshold plane corresponds to the pressure limit above which the elemental losses from 1 {mu}m thick films exceeds 10% of the original content per cm{sup 2} area of film and dm{sup 3} capacity of sulfurization furnace under static atmosphere conditions. The sulfurization temperature/sulfur partial pressure boundaries required to minimise the elemental losses below a given value can be easily read from the 2D projection of the intersection curves into the T-p{sub S2} plane. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Triangle Sulfurization of Sb-Cu and Bi-Cu metal precursors for thin film PV applications. Black-Right-Pointing-Triangle Kinetics shows the rate determining step to be the interdiffusion of binary sulfides. Black-Right-Pointing-Triangle Phase evolution is consistent with Pilling-Bedworth coefficients of Cu, Sb and Bi. Black-Right-Pointing-Triangle Elemental losses can be minimised via the use of equilibrium pressure diagrams.

Colombara, Diego, E-mail: dc326@bath.ac.uk [Department of Chemistry, University of Bath, Bath BA2 7AY (United Kingdom); Peter, Laurence M. [Department of Chemistry, University of Bath, Bath BA2 7AY (United Kingdom); Rogers, Keith D.; Hutchings, Kyle [Centre for Materials Science and Engineering, Cranfield University, Shrivenham, SN6 8LA (United Kingdom)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

293

Defect assistant band alignment transition from staggered to broken gap in mixed As/Sb tunnel field effect transistor heterostructure  

SciTech Connect

The compositional dependence of effective tunneling barrier height (E{sub beff}) and defect assisted band alignment transition from staggered gap to broken gap in GaAsSb/InGaAs n-channel tunnel field effect transistor (TFET) structures were demonstrated by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). High-resolution x-ray diffraction measurements revealed that the active layers are internally lattice matched. The evolution of defect properties was evaluated using cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy. The defect density at the source/channel heterointerface was controlled by changing the interface properties during growth. By increasing indium (In) and antimony (Sb) alloy compositions from 65% to 70% in In{sub x}Ga{sub 1-x}As and 60% to 65% in GaAs{sub 1-y}Sb{sub y} layers, the E{sub beff} was reduced from 0.30 eV to 0.21 eV, respectively, with the low defect density at the source/channel heterointerface. The transfer characteristics of the fabricated TFET device with an E{sub beff} of 0.21 eV show 2 Multiplication-Sign improvement in ON-state current compared to the device with E{sub beff} of 0.30 eV. On contrary, the value of E{sub beff} was decreased from 0.21 eV to -0.03 eV due to the presence of high defect density at the GaAs{sub 0.35}Sb{sub 0.65}/In{sub 0.7}Ga{sub 0.3}As heterointerface. As a result, the band alignment was converted from staggered gap to broken gap, which leads to 4 orders of magnitude increase in OFF-state leakage current. Therefore, a high quality source/channel interface with a properly selected E{sub beff} and well maintained low defect density is necessary to obtain both high ON-state current and low OFF-state leakage in a mixed As/Sb TFET structure for high-performance and lower-power logic applications.

Zhu, Y.; Jain, N.; Vijayaraghavan, S.; Hudait, M. K. [Bradley Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061 (United States); Mohata, D. K.; Datta, S. [Electrical Engineering, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania-16802 (United States); Lubyshev, D.; Fastenau, J. M.; Liu, Amy K. [IQE Inc., Bethlehem, Pennsylvania-18015 (United States); Monsegue, N. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061 (United States)

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

SLUDGE BATCH 5 ACCEPTANCE EVALUATION RADIONUCLIDE CONCENTRATIONS IN TANK 51 SB5 QUALIFICATION SAMPLE PREPARED AT SRNL  

SciTech Connect

Presented in this report are radionuclide concentrations required as part of the program of qualifying Sludge Batch Five (SB5) for processing in the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF). Part of this SB5 material is currently in Tank 51 being washed and prepared for transfer to Tank 40. The acceptance evaluation needs to be completed prior to the transfer of the material in Tank 51 to Tank 40 to complete the formation of SB5. The sludge slurry in Tank 40 has already been qualified for DWPF and is currently being processed as SB4. The radionuclide concentrations were measured or estimated in the Tank 51 SB5 Qualification Sample prepared at Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL). This sample was prepared from the three liter sample of Tank 51 sludge slurry taken on March 21, 2008. The sample was delivered to SRNL where it was initially characterized in the Shielded Cells. Under direction of the Liquid Waste Organization it was then modified by five washes, six decants, an addition of Pu/Be from Canyon Tank 16.4, and an addition of NaNO2. This final slurry now has a composition expected to be similar to that of the slurry in Tank 51 after final preparations have been made for transfer of that slurry to Ta Determining the radionuclide concentrations in this Tank 51 SB5 Qualification Sample is part of the work requested in Technical Task Request (TTR) No. HLW-DWPF-TTR-2008-0010. The work with this qualification sample is covered by a Task Technical and Quality Assurance Plan and an Analytical Study Plan. The radionuclides included in this report are needed for the DWPF Radiological Program Evaluation, the DWPF Waste Acceptance Criteria (TSR/WAC) Evaluation, and the DWPF Solid Waste Characterization Program (TTR Task 2). Radionuclides required to meet the Waste Acceptance Product Specifications (TTR Task 5) will be measured at a later date after the slurry from Tank 51 has been transferred to Tank 40. Then a sample of the as-processed SB5 will be taken and transferred to SRNL for measurement of these radionuclides. Data presented in this report represents the measured or estimated radionuclide concentrations obtained from several standard and special analytical methods performed by Analytical Development (AD) personnel within SRNL. The method for I-129 measurement in sludge is described in detail. Most of these methods were performed on solutions resulting from the dissolutions of the slurry samples. Concentrations are given for twenty-nine radionuclides along with total alpha and beta activity. Values for total gamma and total gamma plus beta activities are also calculated. Results also indicate that 98% of the Tc-99 and 92% of the I-129 that could have been in this sludge batch have been removed by chemical processing steps in the SRS Canyons or Tank Farm.

Bannochie, C; Ned Bibler, N; David Diprete, D

2008-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

295

City of St Marys, Kansas (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kansas (Utility Company) Kansas (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name City of St Marys Place Kansas Utility Id 17894 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location SPP NERC SPP Yes RTO SPP Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial -within city Commercial Commercial- Rural Commercial Large power-City Industrial Large power-Rural Industrial Residential-City All-Electrical Service Residential Residential-Rural All-Electrical Service Residential Small Commercial All Electric service Watt-Hour Meter - City Commercial Small Commercial All Electric service Watt-Hour Meter - Rural Commercial

296

City of St Francis, Kansas (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Francis, Kansas (Utility Company) Francis, Kansas (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name City of St Francis Place Kansas Utility Id 17872 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location SPP NERC SPP Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial Commercial Commercial - Outside City Limits Commercial Residential Residential Residential - Outside City Limits Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.1230/kWh Commercial: $0.1160/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from

297

Borough of St Clair, Pennsylvania (Utility Company) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pennsylvania (Utility Company) Pennsylvania (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name St Clair Borough of Place Pennsylvania Utility Id 16853 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png LARGE POWER AND LIGHT RATE Commercial RATE SCHEDULE INDUSTRIAL Industrial RESIDENTIAL SERVICE Residential RESIDENTIAL SERVICE TOWNSHIP RATES Residential SMALL POWER AND LIGHT RATE Commercial Average Rates Residential: $0.1700/kWh Commercial: $0.1620/kWh Industrial: $0.2130/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a"

298

City of St Robert, Missouri (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Robert, Missouri (Utility Company) Robert, Missouri (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name City of St Robert Place Missouri Utility Id 17918 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location SERC NERC RFC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial Rate Commercial Residential Rate Residential Security Lighting 100W HPs Lighting Security Lighting- 1000W Metal Halide Lighting Security Lighting- 400W HPS Lighting Security Lighting- 500W HPS Lighting Average Rates Residential: $0.0944/kWh Commercial: $0.1080/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a"

299

City of St Charles, Illinois (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Illinois (Utility Company) Illinois (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name City of St Charles Place Illinois Utility Id 17860 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png General service Commercial Governmental Outdoor Sports Lighting Lighting Large General Service Industrial Municipal Owned Street Lighting and Traffic Signals Lighting Residential Residential Small General Service Commercial Average Rates Residential: $0.1010/kWh Commercial: $0.0839/kWh Industrial: $0.0679/kWh References

300

City of North St Paul, Minnesota (Utility Company) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Paul, Minnesota (Utility Company) Paul, Minnesota (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name City of North St Paul Place Minnesota Utility Id 13730 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Larger commercial service rate with demand Commercial Lighting service (for Public Places) Lighting Lighting service I (commercial) - 250 W-HPS Lighting Lighting service I (commercial) - 400 W-HPS Lighting Lighting service I(commercial) - 100 W-HPS Lighting Lighting service I(commercial) - 1000 W-HPS Lighting

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "namibia sb st" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

City of St George, Utah (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utah (Utility Company) Utah (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name City of St George Place Utah Utility Id 17874 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Agricultural service Commercial Large General service Industrial Residential Residential Small General service Industrial

302

City of St James, Minnesota (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Minnesota (Utility Company) Minnesota (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name City of St James Place Minnesota Utility Id 17876 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png C & I- Three Phase Industrial C & I- Three Phase(Primary Metering) Industrial Commercial- Single Phase Commercial Commercial- Three Phase Commercial Residential Residential Security Lighting 100 HPS metered Lighting Security Lighting 100 HPS unmetered Lighting

303

City of St Marys, Ohio (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Marys, Ohio (Utility Company) Marys, Ohio (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name City of St Marys Place Ohio Utility Id 17891 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial General Credit Interruptible Rate Commercial Commercial General Power Commercial Commercial General Power-Tax Exempt Commercial Commercial General Service Distribution 129 Commercial

304

City of St Charles, Minnesota (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Minnesota (Utility Company) Minnesota (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name City of St Charles Place Minnesota Utility Id 17862 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Bundled Services Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial- Single Phase Commercial Commercial- Three Phase Commercial Large Industrial Industrial Large Power Commercial Residential Residential Security Lighting Lighting Average Rates Residential: $0.1300/kWh

305

City of St James, Missouri (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

James, Missouri (Utility Company) James, Missouri (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name City of St James Place Missouri Utility Id 17877 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location SPP Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Industrial service (L-2009) Industrial Large commercial service. (LC-2009) Commercial Residential electric service (R-2009) Residential Security lighting service (PF-2009) Lighting Small commercial electric service. (SC-2009) Commercial Average Rates Residential: $0.0971/kWh Commercial: $0.0826/kWh Industrial: $0.0769/kWh References

306

NEPA Lessons Learned Quarterly Report - 1st Quarter FY 1995  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

. . National Environmental Policy Act N E P . A LESSONS Office of NEPA LEARNED QUARTERLY REPORT 1ST QUARTER FY 1995 Policy and Assistance U.S. Department of Energy March 1,1995 ODU- To foster continuing improvement of the Department's National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) compliance program, the Secretarial Policy Statement on NEPA, issued June 13, 1994, requires the Office of Environment Safety and Health to solicit comments from the NEPA Document Manager, the NEPA Compliance Officer, and team members after completing each environmental impact statement and environmental assessment on lessons learned in the process, and to distribute a quarterly summary to all,NEPA Compliance Officers and NEPA Document Managers. This second quarterly report summarizes the lessons learned for documents completed between October 1 and December 31, 1994. It is based on responses to the revised

307

City of St Louis, Michigan (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Louis, Michigan (Utility Company) Louis, Michigan (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name City of St Louis Place Michigan Utility Id 17886 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png General Service Rate B Residential All Electric Service A-4 Residential Residential Electric Heat Service A-3 Residential Residential Service A-1 Residential Residential Water Heater Service Rate A-2 Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.1200/kWh Commercial: $0.1160/kWh Industrial: $0.0945/kWh

308

Program Update: 1st Quarter 2012 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 2 Program Update: 1st Quarter 2012 Inside this Update: Interagency Working Group Collaborates on Codisposal of Uranium Mine and Mill Tailings Waste in New Mexico; Atomic Energy of Canada Limited Benchmarking Visit to the LMBC; LM Creates Cooperative Agreement with the Northern Arapaho Tribe; LM Participates in 2012 WM Conference; M Partners with Diné Environmental Institute on Remediation of Uranium Processing Sites; LM Stakeholder Survey 2012 Update; LM: LEEDing the Way; Yucca Mountain Transition Progress - Congressional Interest; and more. The Program Update newsletter is produced every quarter and highlights major activities and events that occurred across the DOE complex during that period of time. Office of Legacy Management (LM) Program Update, January-March 2012

309

Computerized asset management and maintenance systems in ST  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ST division manages and therefore maintains the CERN technical installations. A maintenance database application exists for every technical domain. A total of six different databases were built during the last 10 years and are based on the RAPIER maintenance program. As the Computerized Asset Management and Maintenance Systems (CAMMS) technology has evolved, the RAPIER system has become obsolete. Therefore we are forced to migrate to its latest version, MP5, before the year 2000. The migration path must be defined, leading from the current situation to a fully operational MP5 application. The major elements of each migration path consist in determining the functionality to use, defining the operation of it, adapting and/or creating procedures, converting data and providing training. A migration is always a process of change. The migration presents a unique opportunity to evaluate the current implementations, adapt them to the requirements and exploit the new features offered. Obsolete data and inconsisten...

Snchez-Corral, E

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

1st International Workshop on High Performance Computing, Networking and Analytics for the Power Grid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1st International Workshop on High Performance Computing, Networking and Analytics for the Power Transient Stability" #12;1st International Workshop on High Performance Computing, Networking and Analytics (University of Vermont). "Developing a Dynamic Model of Cascading Failure for High Performance Computing using

311

The effect of development on nitrogen loading on St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The majority of St. John's land and coast is a National Park and is protected by the federal government. In spite of these restrictions, the population of St. John has risen in the past fifteen years as has the number of ...

Navato, Alfred Patrick

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

2010 Google -Map data 2010 Google, Sanborn -Driving directions to St Peter Claver School  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

©2010 Google - Map data ©2010 Google, Sanborn - Driving directions to St Peter Claver School (504.google.com/maps?client=firefox-a&rls=org.mozilla:e... 1 of 2 9/2/10 10:45 AM #12;Hide Driving directions ©2010 Google Report a problem St Peter Claver School 1020 North Prieur Street New Orleans, LA 70116

313

Smart Grid Week: R&D Projects Paving the Way to the 21st Century...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Smart Grid Week: R&D Projects Paving the Way to the 21st Century Grid Smart Grid Week: R&D Projects Paving the Way to the 21st Century Grid June 4, 2013 - 10:50am Q&A What do you...

314

Urban League of St. Louis Ramps Up Weatherization Production and Hiring |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Urban League of St. Louis Ramps Up Weatherization Production and Urban League of St. Louis Ramps Up Weatherization Production and Hiring Urban League of St. Louis Ramps Up Weatherization Production and Hiring April 16, 2010 - 4:50pm Addthis Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE When Brenda Wrench saw the amount of weatherization funds being awarded to St. Louis last year, she did a double take. "It was unbelievable," says the chief operating officer of the Urban League of Metropolitan St. Louis. "When I first got the email, I thought they were off by a decimal point." A closer look revealed that the community action agency's federal funding jumped from about $1 million in 2008 to more than $7 million, due to the Recovery Act. The increase gave the nonprofit the resources to weatherize nearly four

315

St Lawrence Energy Corp formerly known as UroMed Corporation | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lawrence Energy Corp formerly known as UroMed Corporation Lawrence Energy Corp formerly known as UroMed Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name St. Lawrence Energy Corp (formerly known as UroMed Corporation) Place New York, New York Zip 10038 Sector Renewable Energy Product St. Lawrence Energy Corp. (OTC: SLAW) is a Delaware company focused on the energy sector, including renewable energy and chemical transportation. References St. Lawrence Energy Corp (formerly known as UroMed Corporation)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. St. Lawrence Energy Corp (formerly known as UroMed Corporation) is a company located in New York, New York . References ↑ "St. Lawrence Energy Corp (formerly known as UroMed

316

Urban League of St. Louis Ramps Up Weatherization Production and Hiring |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Urban League of St. Louis Ramps Up Weatherization Production and Urban League of St. Louis Ramps Up Weatherization Production and Hiring Urban League of St. Louis Ramps Up Weatherization Production and Hiring April 16, 2010 - 4:50pm Addthis Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE When Brenda Wrench saw the amount of weatherization funds being awarded to St. Louis last year, she did a double take. "It was unbelievable," says the chief operating officer of the Urban League of Metropolitan St. Louis. "When I first got the email, I thought they were off by a decimal point." A closer look revealed that the community action agency's federal funding jumped from about $1 million in 2008 to more than $7 million, due to the Recovery Act. The increase gave the nonprofit the resources to weatherize nearly four

317

Design assumptions and bases for small D-T-fueled spherical tokamak (ST) fusion core  

SciTech Connect

Recent progress in defining the assumptions and clarifying the bases for a small D-T-fueled ST fusion core are presented. The paper covers several issues in the physics of ST plasmas, the technology of neutral beam injection, the engineering design configuration, and the center leg material under intense neutron irradiation. This progress was driven by the exciting data from pioneering ST experiments, a heightened interest in proof-of-principle experiments at the MA level in plasma current, and the initiation of the first conceptual design study of the small ST fusion core. The needs recently identified for a restructured fusion energy sciences program have provided a timely impetus for examining the subject of this paper. Our results, though preliminary in nature, strengthen the case for the potential realism and attractiveness of the ST approach.

Peng, Yueng Kay Martin [ORNL; Haines, J.R. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Feasibility Study of Economics and Performance of Solar Photovoltaics at the Former St. Marks Refinery in St. Marks, Florida  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report presents the results of an assessment of the technical and economic feasibility of deploying a photovoltaics (PV) system on a brownfield site in St. Marks, Florida. The site was assessed for possible PV installations. The cost, performance, and site impacts of different PV options were estimated. The economics of the potential systems were analyzed using an electric rate of $0.08/kWh and incentives offered in the State of Florida and from the two accessible utilities, Progress Energy and the City of Tallahassee. According to the site production calculations, the most cost-effective system in terms of return on investment is the fixed-tilt thin film technology. The report recommends financing options that could assist in the implementation of such a system.

Lisell, L.; Mosey, G.

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Detection of THz radiation with devices made from wafers with HgTe and InSb quantum wells  

SciTech Connect

In this study we present measurements of the Terahertz (THz) photoconductivity of 2D electron system realized at HgTe/HgCdTe and AlInSb/InSb/AlInSb quantum wells (QWs) in Corbino geometry (inner and outer radius: 500 {mu}m and 1500 {mu}m) with different mobilities and electron densities. To characterize the devices, the Shubnikov-de Haas (SdH) effect up to magnetic fields B of 7T and current-voltage (I-V) characteristics at various magnetic fields were measured. The THz radiation is provided by a p-Ge laser which operates with a magnetic field and a high voltage for the electrical pumping. The stimulated emission is caused by transitions between Landau levels of light holes [1]. The laser is tunable in the range between 1.7 to 2.5 THz (corresponding to wavelengths between 120 to 180 {mu}m or energies of 7 to 12 meV). The laser is pulsed with a pulse rate of 1 Hz and pulse lengths of about 1 {mu}s with low switching times (about 20 ns). The monochromatic THz radiation is transferred to our samples via a 0.32m long brass waveguide immersed in liquid Helium. The detection of a change in the conductivity of the sample due to absorption of THz-radiation (photoresponse) requires a low-noise circuit. For the Corbino-shaped samples the photoresponse (PR) is measured via a resistor R{sub V} of 1 k{Omega}. The signal is transferred via in a high-frequency cable and detected with a digital oscilloscope.

Gouider, F.; Nachtwei, G. [Institut fuer Angewandte Physik, Technische Universitaet Braunschweig, D-38106 Braunschweig (Germany); Vasilyev, Yu. B.; Koenemann, J. [A. F. Ioffe Physical Technical Institute, RU-194021 St. Petersburg (Russian Federation); Buckle, P. D. [QinetiQ Ltd, Malvern WR14 3PS (United Kingdom); Bruene, C.; Buhmann, H. [Julius-Maximilians-University Wuerzburg, D-97074 (Germany)

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

320

Magnetoresistance of Ce{sub 3}Cu{sub 3}Sb{sub 4}: Ferromagnetic semiconductor (abstract)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ferromagnetic semiconductors are an interesting class of materials. The first one, CrBr{sub 3} was discovered only in 1960. Magnetic semiconductors usually show a prominent peak in the resistivity and a very large negative magnetoresistance (MR) in the vicinity of T{sub c}, which is not well understood. Recently, we have reported Ce{sub 3}Cu{sub 3}Sb{sub 4} to be a ferromagnetic semiconductor with a T{sub c} of 10 K. To our knowledge, this is the first Ce system of this type and is a further addition to the rich varieties of ground states exhibited by Ce systems. Here, we report the MR studies on Ce{sub 3}Cu{sub 3}Sb{sub 4} in magnetic fields up to 8 T in the temperature range 4.2{endash}300 K. The resistivity of Ce{sub 3}Cu{sub 3}Sb{sub 4} shows a rise with decrease in temperature from 300 K exhibiting a peak at 19 K followed by a drastic fall at low temperatures. An activation type fit to the data gives a band-gap energy of 84 K. The resistivity peak is broadened considerably in a field of 8 T and the peak is found to shift to higher temperatures by about 10 K. The MR is small and negative ({lt}0.5{percent}) down to about 60 K and then gradually peaks to a large value of {minus}30{percent} at 12 K. The increased conduction in the vicinity of T{sub c} shows that the conduction band is influenced by the magnetic spins presumably due to s{endash}f interactions. The band-gap energy is found to remain constant even in a field as high as 8 T. This may rule out the magnetic polarons to be the cause of activation type of resistivity behavior. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

Paulose, P.L.; Patil, S. [Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Bombay (Mumbai)-5 (India)

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "namibia sb st" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Particulate Contacts to Si and CdTe: Al, Ag, Hg-Cu-Te, and Sb-Te  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Our team has been investigating the use of particle-based contacts in both Si and CdTe solar cell technologies. First, in the area of contacts to Si, powders of Al and Ag prepared by an electroexplosion process have been characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), TEM elemental determination X-ray spectroscopy (TEM-EDS), and TEM electron diffraction (TEM-ED). These Al and Ag particles were slurried and tested as contacts to p- and n-type silicon wafers, respectively. Linear current-voltage (I-V) was observed for Ag on n-type Si, indicative of an ohmic contact, whereas the Al on p-type Si sample was non-ideal. A wet-chemical surface treatment was performed on one Al sample and TEM-EDS indicated a substantial decrease in the O contaminant level. The treated Al on p-type Si films exhibited linear I-V after annealing. Second, in the area of contacts to CdTe, particles of Hg-Cu-Te and Sb-Te have been applied as contacts to CdTe/CdS/SnO2 heterostructures prepared by the standard NREL protocol. First, Hg-Cu-Te and Sb-Te were prepared by a metathesis reaction. After CdCl2 treatment and NP etch of the CdTe layer, particle contacts were applied. The Hg-Cu-Te contacted cells exhibited good electrical characteristics, with Voc > 810 mV and efficiencies > 11.5 % for most cells. Although Voc > 800 mV were observed for the Sb-Te contacted cells, efficiencies in these devices were limited to 9.1%, presumably by a large series resistance (>20 {Omega}) observed in all samples.

Schulz, D. L.; Ribelin, D.; Curtis, C. J.; Ginley, D. S.

1998-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

322

Assessing the Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Mountain Snowpack in the St. Mary River Watershed, Montana  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The St. Mary River watershed is an important international watershed that supplies irrigation water to large portions of southern Alberta, Canada, and northern Montana. The St. Mary River is fully allocated and users on both sides of the border ...

Ryan J. MacDonald; James M. Byrne; Stefan W. Kienzle; Robert P. Larson

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

The microstructure network and thermoelectric properties of bulk (Bi,Sb){sub 2}Te{sub 3}  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report small-angle neutron scattering studies on the microstructure network in bulk (Bi,Sb){sub 2}Te{sub 3} synthesized by the melt-spinning (MS) and the spark-plasma-sintering (SPS) process. We find that rough interfaces of multiscale microstructures generated by the MS are responsible for the large reduction of both lattice thermal conductivity and electrical conductivity. Our study also finds that subsequent SPS forms a microstructure network of {approx}10 nm thick lamellae and smooth interfaces between them. This nanoscale microstructure network with smooth interfaces increases electrical conductivity while keeping a low thermal conductivity, making it an ideal microstructure for high thermoelectric efficiency.

Xie Wenjie [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina 29634 (United States); State Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology for Materials Synthesis and Processing, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070 (China); Hitchcock, Dale A.; Kang, Hye J.; He Jian [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina 29634 (United States); Tang Xinfeng [State Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology for Materials Synthesis and Processing, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070 (China); Laver, Mark [Department of Physics, Technical University of Denmark, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby (Denmark); Nano-Science Center, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, DK-2100 Kobenhavn (Denmark); Laboratory for Neutron Scattering, Paul Scherrer Institut, CH-5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland); Hammouda, Boualem [NIST Center for Neutron Research, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States)

2012-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

324

Band gap tuning and optical absorption in type-II InAs/GaSb mid infrared short period superlattices: 14 bands K Dot-Operator p study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The MBE growth of short-period InAs/GaSb type-II superlattice structures, varied around 20.5 A InAs/24 A GaSb were [J. Applied physics, 96, 2580 (2004)] carried out by Haugan et al. These SLs were designed to produce devices with an optimum mid-infrared photoresponse and a sharpest photoresponse cutoff. We have used a realistic and reliable 14-band k.p formalism description of the superlattice electronic band structure to calculate the absorption coefficient in such short-period InAs/GaSb type-II superlattices. The parameters for this formalism are known from fitting to independent experiments for the bulk materials. The band-gap energies are obtained without any fitting parameters, and are in good agreement with experimental data.

AbuEl-Rub, Khaled M. [Department of Applied Physical Sciences, Jordan University of Science and Technology Irbid, 21141 (Jordan)

2012-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

325

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C4, supplLment au no 4, Tome 40, avril 1979, page C4-66 Magnetization behaviour and the valence of uranium in (U,Th,-,)Sb  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

behaviour and the valence of uranium in (U,Th,-,)Sb B. R. Cooper and 0. Vogt (*) Dept. of Physics, W for uranium in USb, and strongly points toward a 5f3ionic state (U3'). With this in mind, the results of our for interaction between uranium ions. Thus at high thorium concentration, (U,.,Th,.,)Sb is paramagnetic down to 1

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

326

First-principles calculation of the effect of atomic disorder on the electronic structure of the half-metallic ferromagnet NiMnSb  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The electronic structure of the half-metallic ferromagnet NiMnSb with three different types of atomic disorder is calculated using the layer Korringa-Kohn-Rostoker method in conjunction with the coherent potential approximation. Results indicate the presence of minority-spin states at the Fermi energy for degrees of disorder as low as a few percent. The resulting spin polarization below 100{percent} is discussed in the light of experimental difficulties confirming the half-metallic property of NiMnSb thin films directly. {copyright} {ital 1999} {ital The American Physical Society}

Orgassa, D.; Fujiwara, H. [Center for Materials for Information Technolgy (MINT), The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama 35487-0209 (United States); Schulthess, T.C.; Butler, W.H. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6114 (United States)

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Charge Lifetime Study of K2CsSb Photocathode Inside a JLAB DC High Voltage Gun  

SciTech Connect

Two photocathodes are frequently considered for generating high average current electron beams and/or beams with high brightness for current and future accelerator applications: GaAs:Cs and K2CsSb. Each photocathode has advantages and disadvantages, and need to demonstrate performance at 'production' accelerator facilities. To this end a K2CsSb photocathode was manufactured at Brookhaven National Lab and delivered to Jefferson Lab within a compact vacuum apparatus at pressure {approx} 5 x 10{sup -11} Torr. This photocathode was installed inside a dc high voltage photogun biased at voltages up to 200 kV, and illuminated with laser light at 440 or 532 nm, to generate beams up to 20 mA. Photocathode charge lifetime measurements indicate that under some conditions this cathode has exceptionally high charge lifetime, without measurable QE decay, even from the center of the photocathode where operation using GaAs photocathodes is precluded due to ion bombardment. These studies also suggest a complex QE decay mechanism likely related to chemistry and localized heating via the laser beam.

Mammei, R.; Rao, T.; Suleiman, R.; Poelker, M.; Smedley, J.; McCarter, J.L.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Complete genome sequence Methanothermus fervidus type strain (V24ST)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Methanothermus fervidus Stetter 1982 is the type strain of the genus Methanothermus. This hyperthermophilic genus is of a thought to be endemic in Icelandic hot springs. M. fervidus was not only the first characterized organism with a maximal growth temperature (97 C) close to the boiling point of water, but also the first archaeon in which a detailed functional analysis of its histone protein was reported and the first one in which the function of 2,3-cyclodiphosphoglycerate in thermoadaptation was characterized. Strain V24ST is of interest because of its very low substrate ranges, it grows only on H2 + CO2. This is the first completed genome sequence of the family Methanothermaceae. Here we describe the features of this organism, together with the complete genome sequence and annotation. The 1,243,342 bp long genome with its 1,311 protein-coding and 50 RNA genes is a part of the Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea project.

Anderson, Iain [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Djao, Olivier Duplex [HZI - Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, Braunschweig, Germany; Misra, Monica [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Chertkov, Olga [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Nolan, Matt [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Lucas, Susan [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Lapidus, Alla L. [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Glavina Del Rio, Tijana [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Tice, Hope [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Cheng, Jan-Fang [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Tapia, Roxanne [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Han, Cliff [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Goodwin, Lynne A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Pitluck, Sam [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Liolios, Konstantinos [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Ivanova, N [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Mavromatis, K [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Mikhailova, Natalia [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pati, Amrita [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Brambilla, Evelyne-Marie [DSMZ - German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures GmbH, Braunschweig, Germany; Chen, Amy [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Palaniappan, Krishna [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Land, Miriam L [ORNL; Hauser, Loren John [ORNL; Chang, Yun-Juan [ORNL; Jeffries, Cynthia [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Sikorski, Johannes [DSMZ - German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures GmbH, Braunschweig, Germany; Spring, Stefan [DSMZ - German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures GmbH, Braunschweig, Germany; Rohde, Manfred [HZI - Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, Braunschweig, Germany; Eichinger, Konrad [Universitat Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany; Huber, Harald [Universitat Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany; Wirth, Reinhard [Universitat Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany; Goker, Markus [DSMZ - German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures GmbH, Braunschweig, Germany; Detter, J. Chris [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Woyke, Tanja [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Bristow, James [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Eisen, Jonathan [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Markowitz, Victor [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Hugenholtz, Philip [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Kyrpides, Nikos C [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Klenk, Hans-Peter [DSMZ - German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures GmbH, Braunschweig, Germany

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

How Energy Efficiency is Adding Jobs in St. Paul, Minnesota | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Efficiency is Adding Jobs in St. Paul, Minnesota Energy Efficiency is Adding Jobs in St. Paul, Minnesota How Energy Efficiency is Adding Jobs in St. Paul, Minnesota Addthis Description Saint Paul, Minnesota is using an energy efficiency grant to provide commercial retrofits that will allow a local produce distribution company to dramatically reduce its energy costs and add dozens of new workers. Speakers Jim Hannigan, Chris Coleman, LeAnn Oliver, Louis Jambois Duration 2:15 Topic Commercial Heating & Cooling Recovery Act Energy Sector Jobs Credit Energy Department Video (Begin video segment.) (Music.) MR. : The stimulus package is definitely working. I mean, it is creating jobs. The biggest thing is that people have to take advantage of what's there. J&J Distributing is located in the heart of St. Paul,

330

Wild and Scenic River Acts (Lower St. Croix Riverway) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wild and Scenic River Acts (Lower St. Croix Riverway) Wild and Scenic River Acts (Lower St. Croix Riverway) Wild and Scenic River Acts (Lower St. Croix Riverway) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Sales Tax Incentive The lower portion of the St. Croix River in Minnesota and Wisconsin is

331

Power Marketing Administrations Leading the Nation's Transition to a 21st  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Power Marketing Administrations Leading the Nation's Transition Power Marketing Administrations Leading the Nation's Transition to a 21st Century Electric Grid Power Marketing Administrations Leading the Nation's Transition to a 21st Century Electric Grid November 19, 2012 - 12:54pm Addthis The Joint Outreach Team, made up of experts from DOE and the Western Area Power Administration, is working to develop strategies to ensure the viability, sustainability, and resiliency of Western to continue to meet its core mission and respond to the energy challenges of the 21st century. The Joint Outreach Team, made up of experts from DOE and the Western Area Power Administration, is working to develop strategies to ensure the viability, sustainability, and resiliency of Western to continue to meet its core mission and respond to the energy challenges of the 21st century.

332

Green Beer: Not Just for St. Patrick's Day | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Green Beer: Not Just for St. Patrick's Day Green Beer: Not Just for St. Patrick's Day Green Beer: Not Just for St. Patrick's Day March 17, 2011 - 5:00pm Addthis Manhattan Beer Distributors' first diesel-electric hybrid delivery vehicle | Photo Courtesy of Manhattan Beer Distributors Manhattan Beer Distributors' first diesel-electric hybrid delivery vehicle | Photo Courtesy of Manhattan Beer Distributors April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs While green beer is usually limited to St. Patrick's Day, Manhattan Beer Distributors in New York City will now be able to deliver their product in a more sustainable way all year long. As part of a Recovery Act award to the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) through the Department's Clean Cities program, this beverage distributor

333

Water Sampling At Mt St Helens Area (Shevenell & Goff, 1995) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Helens Area (Shevenell & Goff, 1995) Helens Area (Shevenell & Goff, 1995) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Water Sampling At Mt St Helens Area (Shevenell & Goff, 1995) Exploration Activity Details Location Mt St Helens Area Exploration Technique Water Sampling Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown References Lisa Shevenell, Fraser Goff (1995) Evolution Of Hydrothermal Waters At Mount St Helens, Washington, Usa Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Water_Sampling_At_Mt_St_Helens_Area_(Shevenell_%26_Goff,_1995)&oldid=389549" Category: Exploration Activities What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load)

334

Kenya-Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change(StARCK) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya-Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change(StARCK) Kenya-Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change(StARCK) Jump to: navigation, search Name Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change in Kenya (StARCK) Agency/Company /Organization United Kingdom Department for International Development Sector Climate Focus Area Greenhouse Gas Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, Low emission development planning Website http://projects.dfid.gov.uk/pr Program Start 2010 Program End 2013 Country Kenya Eastern Africa References Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change in Kenya (StARCK) [1] The intended outcome of the programme is that new mechanisms are established by the Govt. of Kenya, private sector and civil society to enable substantially expanded investments for increased resilience to

335

Rituals of Charity and Abundance: Sicilian St. Joseph's Tables and Feeding the Poor in Los Angeles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tables can be viewed by pilgrims on the eve of March 19 andbe taken away by visiting pilgrims. On March 19 instead, St.and thereafter all pilgrims into ones home, sheltering and

Del Giudice, Luisa

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

A Wavelet Transform Technique for Removing Airplane Echoes from ST Radar Signals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a new technique based on the wavelet transforms for removing airplane and other transitory echoes in stratotropospheric (ST) radar measurements. This technique provides a timefrequency display of the time series, which is ...

J-C. Boisse; V. Klaus; J-P. Aubagnac

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

US-India Partnership in S&T, Environment and Health  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a Bi-National S&T Joint Committee that would provide a framework for a vigorous public-private partnership aimed at serving as a bridge for dialog, fostering R&D and scientific...

338

Evolution Of Hydrothermal Waters At Mount St Helens, Washington, Usa | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Evolution Of Hydrothermal Waters At Mount St Helens, Washington, Usa Evolution Of Hydrothermal Waters At Mount St Helens, Washington, Usa Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Evolution Of Hydrothermal Waters At Mount St Helens, Washington, Usa Details Activities (4) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Hydrothermal water samples at Mount St. Helens collected between 1985 and 1989 and in 1994 are used to identify water types and describe their evolution through time. Two types of low temperature hydrothermal systems are associated with the 1980 eruptions and were initiated soon after emplacement of shallow magma and pyroclastic flows. The Loowit hot spring system is located in the breach zone and is associated with the magma conduit and nearby avalanche deposits, whereas the Pumice Plain (PP)

339

America's Competitiveness Depends on a 21st Century Grid | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

America's Competitiveness Depends on a 21st Century Grid America's Competitiveness Depends on a 21st Century Grid America's Competitiveness Depends on a 21st Century Grid May 30, 2012 - 12:30pm Addthis Secretary Chu Secretary Chu Former Secretary of Energy What are the key facts? America's continued global competiveness in the 21st century will be significantly affected by whether we can efficiently produce and distribute electricity to our businesses and consumers, seamlessly integrating new technologies and new sources of power. Most of the transmission lines and power transformers we depend upon are decades old and in many cases nearing or exceeding their expected lifespan. Blackouts and brownouts cost our economy tens of billions of dollars a year. We risk ever more serious consequences if we continue to rely on

340

I-80 16th St Off Ramp Snowmelt Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

16th St Off Ramp Snowmelt Low Temperature Geothermal Facility 16th St Off Ramp Snowmelt Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name I-80 16th St Off Ramp Snowmelt Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility I-80 16th St Off Ramp Sector Geothermal energy Type Snowmelt Location Cheyenne, Wyoming Coordinates 41.1399814°, -104.8202462° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "namibia sb st" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Green Beer: Not Just for St. Patrick's Day | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Beer: Not Just for St. Patrick's Day Beer: Not Just for St. Patrick's Day Green Beer: Not Just for St. Patrick's Day March 17, 2011 - 5:00pm Addthis Manhattan Beer Distributors' first diesel-electric hybrid delivery vehicle | Photo Courtesy of Manhattan Beer Distributors Manhattan Beer Distributors' first diesel-electric hybrid delivery vehicle | Photo Courtesy of Manhattan Beer Distributors April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs While green beer is usually limited to St. Patrick's Day, Manhattan Beer Distributors in New York City will now be able to deliver their product in a more sustainable way all year long. As part of a Recovery Act award to the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) through the Department's Clean Cities program, this beverage distributor

342

A POLICY FRAMEWORK FOR THE 21st CENTURY GRID: Enabling Our Secure Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A POLICY FRAMEWORK FOR THE 21st CENTURY GRID: Enabling Our Secure A POLICY FRAMEWORK FOR THE 21st CENTURY GRID: Enabling Our Secure Energy Future A POLICY FRAMEWORK FOR THE 21st CENTURY GRID: Enabling Our Secure Energy Future This policy framework focuses on the deployment of information and communications technologies in the electricity sector. As they are developed and deployed, these smart grid technologies and applications will bring new capabilities to utilities and their customers. In tandem with the development and deployment of high-capacity transmission lines, which is a topic beyond the scope of this report, smart grid technologies will play an important role in supporting the increased use of clean energy. A POLICY FRAMEWORK FOR THE 21st CENTURY GRID: Enabling Our Secure Energy Future More Documents & Publications

343

Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change in Kenya (StARCK)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Resilience to Climate Change in Kenya (StARCK) and Resilience to Climate Change in Kenya (StARCK) Jump to: navigation, search Name Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change in Kenya (StARCK) Agency/Company /Organization United Kingdom Department for International Development Sector Climate Focus Area Greenhouse Gas Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, Low emission development planning Website http://projects.dfid.gov.uk/pr Program Start 2010 Program End 2013 Country Kenya Eastern Africa References Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change in Kenya (StARCK) [1] The intended outcome of the programme is that new mechanisms are established by the Govt. of Kenya, private sector and civil society to enable substantially expanded investments for increased resilience to

344

Aeromagnetic Survey At Mt St Helens Area (Towle, 1983) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Towle, 1983) Towle, 1983) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Aeromagnetic Survey At Mt St Helens Area (Towle, 1983) Exploration Activity Details Location Mt St Helens Area Exploration Technique Aeromagnetic Survey Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes The VLF method has proved useful in mapping the crater and central dome of Mount St. Helens. More detailed and extensive VLF investigations as well as other electrical and electromagnetic studies will be useful in determining the electrical structure of Mount St. Helens in more detail. Electrical and electromagnetic methods would be especially useful in determining the actual electrical conductivity of partial melt beneath the dome. The ability of these methods to determine the correlation of surface features

345

EAC Presentation on the Policy Framework for a 21st Century Grid: Enabling  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EAC Presentation on the Policy Framework for a 21st Century Grid: EAC Presentation on the Policy Framework for a 21st Century Grid: Enabling our Secure Energy Future (July 12, 2011) EAC Presentation on the Policy Framework for a 21st Century Grid: Enabling our Secure Energy Future (July 12, 2011) Presentation by Assistant Secretary Patricia Hoffman of the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability before the Electricity Advisorty Committee, July 12, 2011, on work being performed by the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC) Subcommittee on Smart Grid. The Committee developed a policy framework to cooperatively support communications, sensing, control, information, and energy technologies to increase system efficiency, save consumers money, and support a clean energy economy. Policy Framework for a 21st Century: Enabling our Secure Energy Future

346

21st Annual Department of Energy National Science Bowl April 30 - May 2 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

21st Annual Department of Energy National Science Bowl April 30 - 21st Annual Department of Energy National Science Bowl April 30 - May 2 21st Annual Department of Energy National Science Bowl April 30 - May 2 April 25, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Secretary Steven Chu announced today that on April 30 through May 2 the DOE will host 69 high school and 41 middle school teams to compete for championship titles at the 21st annual National Science Bowl competition in Washington, D.C. The 110 regional championship teams - from 44 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands - will be quizzed on various science topics including biology, chemistry, earth science, physics, astronomy, and energy, as well as math. "The U.S. needs the best and the brightest scientists and engineers to help

347

America's Competitiveness Depends on a 21st Century Grid | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Competitiveness Depends on a 21st Century Grid Competitiveness Depends on a 21st Century Grid America's Competitiveness Depends on a 21st Century Grid May 30, 2012 - 12:30pm Addthis Secretary Chu Secretary Chu Former Secretary of Energy What are the key facts? America's continued global competiveness in the 21st century will be significantly affected by whether we can efficiently produce and distribute electricity to our businesses and consumers, seamlessly integrating new technologies and new sources of power. Most of the transmission lines and power transformers we depend upon are decades old and in many cases nearing or exceeding their expected lifespan. Blackouts and brownouts cost our economy tens of billions of dollars a year. We risk ever more serious consequences if we continue to rely on outdated and inflexible infrastructure.

348

Real-Time Jetstream Tracking: National Benefit from an ST Radar Network for Measuring Atmospheric Motions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Attention is directed to a wind measurement system that could be of significant cost benefit to the airline industry and the nation. A network of Stratosphere-Troposphere (ST) radars can provide continuous wind measurements through the ...

Herbert C. Carlson Jr.; N. Sundararaman

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

The Relationship Between the Surface Wind Field and Convective Precipitation over the St. Louis Area  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rainfall, wind and temperature data at the surface for a mesoscale area surrounding St. Louis, Missouri for seven summer days in 1975 were used to determine qualitative and quantitative relationships between divergence, and the location, timing ...

Gary L. Achtemeier

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Analysis of Urban-Rural Solar Radiation Data from St. Louis, Missouri  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The results of an analysis of simultaneous measurements of incident solar radiation from six locations in metropolitan St. Louis, Missouri are described. The measurements were taken continuously from September 1975 through March 1977 with ...

James T. Peterson; Thomas L. Stoffel

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

NETL: News Release - Wabash River Plant in Indiana to Host 1st...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to US DOE Publications News Release Release Date: July 30, 2002 Wabash River Plant in Indiana to Host 1st Clean Coal-Powered Fuel Cell Decision to Relocate Fuel Cell Gives 2-Year...

352

Probabilistic Projections of 21st Century Climate Change over Northern Eurasia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present probabilistic projections of 21st century climate change over Northern Eurasia using the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Integrated Global System Model (IGSM), an integrated assessment model that ...

Monier, Erwan

2013-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

353

Russia Tri-Lab S&T Collaborations | National Nuclear Security...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog The National Nuclear Security Administration Russia Tri-Lab S&T Collaborations Home > About Us > Our Programs >...

354

Modeling s-t Path Availability to Support Disaster Vulnerability Assessment of Network Infrastructure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The maintenance of system flow is critical for effective network operation. Any type of disruption to network facilities (arcs/nodes) potentially risks loss of service, leaving users without access to important resources. It is therefore an important goal of planners to assess infrastructures for vulnerabilities, identifying those vital nodes/arcs whose debilitation would compromise the most source-sink (s-t) interaction or system flow. Due to the budgetary limitations of disaster management agencies, protection/fortification and planning for the recovery of these vital infrastructure facilities is a logical and efficient proactive approach to reducing worst-case risk of service disruption. Given damage to a network, evaluating the potential for flow between s-t pairs requires assessing the availability of an operational s-t path. Recent models proposed for identifying infrastructure vital to system flow have relied on enumeration of all s-t paths to support this task. This paper proposes an alternative model...

Matisziw, Timothy C

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Digital Preservation of Research Methods and Artefacts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Welcome to DPRMA 2013, the 1st International Workshop on the Digital Preservation of Research Methods and Artefacts. The process of research in both the sciences and humanities has, and continues, to undergo significant change in addressing the needs ...

Kevin Page, Jun Zhao, David De Roure, Andreas Rauber

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Potential Urban Effects on Precipitation in the Winter and Transition Seasons at St. Louis, Missouri  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two datasets were used to investigate the potential presence of urban-related precipitation anomalies in the fall, winter and spring seasons St. Louis, Missouri, and to ascertain under what conditions anomalies occurred- if indeed they did occur. ...

Floyd A. Huff; Stanley A. Changnon Jr.

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Effects of the Mount St. Helens Volcanic Cloud on Turbidity at Ann Arbor, Michigan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements of turbidity were made at the University of Michigan irradiance and meteorological measurement facility just prior to, during and after the passage of the volcanic cloud from the 18 May 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens. They were ...

Edward Ryznar; Michael R. Weber; Thomas S. Hallaron

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Great Lakes-St. Lawrence River Basin Water Resources Compact (multi-state)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This Act describes the management of the Great Lakes - St. Lawrence River basin, and regulates water withdrawals, diversions, and consumptive uses from the basin. The Act establishes a Council,...

359

Leaf phenology in 22 North American tree species during the 21st century  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the roofsoftheScienceCenterand3SacramentoSt., and at the Harvard Forest in Petersham, Mass. Theforest have been installed on the roofs of buildings at the Harvard Forest in Petersham, Mass. The forest

Lechowicz, Martin J.

360

Proceeding of the 1st ACM workshop on Patent information retrieval  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We welcome you to PaIR 08, the 1st workshop on patent information retrieval, organized by the Information Retrieval Facility (IRF) and Matrixware Information Services. Patent Information Retrieval is an active and challenging field both for researchers ...

John Tait

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "namibia sb st" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

A Current-Induced Ekman Spiral in the St. Lawrence Estuary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current-meter measurements indicate the presence of a mean Ekman spiral imposed upon the dominant tidal oscillation of the St. Lawrence estuary. Estimates of vertical eddy coefficients are consistent with previous estimates. It is hypothesized ...

Clifford L. Trump

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Distribution Report 1st Quarter 2013  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Destination Destination State ____________________________________________________________________________________________________ 1 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Distribution Report 1st Quarter 2013 Alabama _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Table DS-1. Domestic Coal Distribution, by Destination State, 1st Quarter 2013 Destination: Alabama (thousand short tons) Coal Origin State Transportation Mode Electric Power Sector Coke Plants Industrial Plants (excluding Coke) Commercial & Institutional Total Alabama Total 807 158 282 - 1,247 Alabama Railroad 449 71 14 - 534 Alabama River 358 - - - 358 Alabama Truck - 87 267 - 354 Colorado Total 204 - - - 204 Colorado Railroad

363

Fort St. Vrain Decommissioning: Final Site Radiation Survey: Summary Report and Lessons Learned  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the final step in the decommissioning process at Public Service Company of Colorado's (PSCo) Fort St. Vrain nuclear power plant. The final site radiation survey documents that all nuclear facility surfaces meet the established release limits for unrestricted use. The survey formed the legal basis for the termination of the Fort St. Vrain nuclear license, which occurred in August 1997. The lessons learned in this process will be valuable to other utilities with permanently shutdown p...

1998-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

364

Laboratory Shuttle Bus Routes: Potter St./JBEI Shuttle Bus Routes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Combined Routes & Schedules Blue Route Orange Route Rockridge Route Potter St./JBEI Route Combined Routes & Schedules Blue Route Orange Route Rockridge Route Potter St./JBEI Route Potter St./JBEI Map Scroll down or click here for schedule ↓ Printable Map | Printable Schedule Potter St/JBEI Route Potter St./JBEI Schedule Bus Service @ lbl.gov email link LBNL - POTTER ST/JBEI START - LBL STOP 65 CORY HALL SHATTUCK BART JCAP POTTER CFO JBEI SHATTUCK BART CORY HALL Depart on the 08's and 38's Depart on the 10's and 40's Depart on the 15's and 45's Depart on the 28's and 58's Depart on the 00's and 30's Depart on the 05's and 35's Depart on the 08's and 35's Depart on the 20's and 50's Depart on the 25's and 55's 1 8:08 AM 8:10 AM 8:15 AM 8:28 AM 8:30 AM 8:35 AM 8:38 AM 8:50 AM 8:55 AM 2 8:38 AM 8:40 AM 8:45 AM 8:58 AM 9:00 AM 9:05 AM 9:08 AM 9:20 AM 9:25 AM

365

Flat Plate PV Module Eligibility Listing Procedure Updated 6/28/12 Senate Bill 1 (SB1) defines the solar incentive programs for California, and flat plate PV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the solar incentive programs for California, and flat plate PV modules1 must be listed on the SB1 compliant programs for investor owned utility (IOU) territories, the California Solar Initiative (CSI) and the New module list to be eligible for incentives in California. Senate Bill 1 encompasses two staterun

366

Electrochemical lithium insertion in the solid solution Bi{sub 2}WO{sub 6}-Sb{sub 2}WO{sub 6} with Aurivillius framework  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Following the structural evolution of the Aurivillius crystalline framework in the solid solution Bi{sub 2}WO{sub 6}-Sb{sub 2}WO{sub 6} we have carried out an electrochemical lithium insertion study in this system. A slight loss of the specific capacity of the electrochemical cell was observed as amount of Sb was increased. In general, the different compositions within solid solution Bi{sub 2-x}Sb{sub x}WO{sub 6} (0.25 {<=} x {<=} 0.75) exhibited a similar behaviour featured mainly by two semiconstant potential regions located at 1.7 and 0.8 V versus Li{sup +}/Li{sup o}. The oxide Sb{sub 2}WO{sub 6} with Autivillius structure but without Bi was tested as cathode too. The maximum amount of lithium inserted, 13.5 lithium atoms per formula, is the same amount inserted in its homologous bismuth oxide Bi{sub 2}WO{sub 6}.

Martinez-de la Cruz, A. [Division de Estudios de Posgrado, Facultad de Ingenieria Mecanica y Electrica, Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Pedro de Alba s/n, Ciudad Universitaria, C.P. 66451, San Nicolas de los Garza, NL (Mexico)], E-mail: azmartin@gama.fime.uanl.mx; Longoria Rodriguez, F.E. [Departamento de Quimica, Campus Universitario Los Guaritos, Universidad de Oriente, Av. Universidad, CP 6203 Monagas (Venezuela)

2007-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

367

Confirmatory Survey Report for Area B1S/B2S at the Chevron Mining Washington Remediation Project, Washington, PA  

SciTech Connect

During the period of October 2 and 3, 2007, the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) performed confirmatory radiological survey activities which included gamma surface scans within Area B1S/B2S and the collection of soil samples from these areas.

W. C. Adams

2007-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

368

Measurement and modeling of infrared nonlinear absorption coefficients and laser-induced damage thresholds in Ge and GaSb  

SciTech Connect

Using a simultaneous fitting technique to extract nonlinear absorption coefficients from data at two pulse widths, we measure two-photon and free-carrier absorption coefficients for Ge and GaSb at 2.05 and 2.5 {mu}m for the first time, to our knowledge. Results agreed well with published theory. Single-shot damage thresholds were also measured at 2.5 {mu}m and agreed well with modeled thresholds using experimentally determined parameters including nonlinear absorption coefficients and temperature dependent linear absorption. The damage threshold for a single-layer Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} anti-reflective coating on Ge was 55% or 35% lower than the uncoated threshold for picosecond or nanosecond pulses, respectively.

Wagner, T. J.; Bohn, M. J.; Coutu, R. A. Jr. [Air Force Institute of Technology, Wright Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio 45433 (United States); Gonzalez, L. P.; Murray, J. M.; Guha, S. [Air Force Research Laboratory, Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, Wright Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio 45433 (United States); Schepler, K. L. [Air Force Research Laboratory, Sensors Directorate, Wright Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio 45433 (United States)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

369

Lattice dynamics and anomalous softening in the YbFe[subscript 4]Sb[subscript 12] skutterudite  

SciTech Connect

The lattice dynamics of the filled skutterudite YbFe{sub 4}Sb{sub 12} was studied by resonant ultrasound spectroscopy and an anomalous softening in the temperature dependence of the elastic constants at {approx} 50 K was observed. This anomaly can not be explained by the dynamics of the filler, in contrast to other filled skutterudites. We have further investigated the origin of this anomaly using macroscopic and microscopic measurements. A rearrangement of the spectral weight of the Yb phonon states was observed in the temperature dependence of the density of phonon states, obtained by inelastic neutron scattering. We suggest that the anomaly is due to a change of the Yb valence state and that the anomaly and the phonon spectral weight rearrangement have the same origin.

Mchel, A.; Sergueev, I.; Wille, H.-C.; Voigt, J.; Prager, M.; Stone, M.B.; Sales, B.C.; Guguchia, Z.; Shengelaya, A.; Keppens, V.; Hermann, R.P. (DESY); (Tennessee-K); (Julich); (ORNL); (Tbilisi); (ESRF)

2012-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

370

Electronic structure and magnetism in BaMn2As2 and BaMn2Sb2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the properties of ThCr{sub 2}Si{sub 2} structure BaMn{sub 2}As{sub 2} and BaMn{sub 2}Sb{sub 2} using density functional calculations of the electronic and magnetic properties as well as experimental measurements on single crystal samples of BaMn{sub 2}As{sub 2}. These materials are local moment magnets with moderate band gap antiferromagnetic semiconducting ground states. The electronic structures show substantial Mn-pnictogen hybridization, which stabilizes an intermediate spin configuration for the nominally d{sup 5} Mn. The results are discussed in the context of possible thermoelectric applications and the relationship with the corresponding iron/cobalt/nickel compounds Ba(Fe,Co,Ni){sub 2}As{sub 2}.

An, Jiming [ORNL; Safa-Sefat, Athena [ORNL; Singh, David J [ORNL; Du, Mao-Hua [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Communicating 21st century statecraft: Evaluating the paradigm shift argument  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This project examines how social media is being used by individuals within the State Department engaged in public diplomacy and how the use of these technologies may or may not represent a paradigm shift in diplomatic operation. Assessments of social media and government in popular culture argue a fundamental shift has taken place in government operations. Yet this argument calls for theoretical examination using communication theory and via examination of organizational praxis. Using Ammon's criterion for paradigm shift in communications technology and diplomacy, I evaluated State's current program of social media and public diplomacy called 21st Century Statecraft. I conducted a content analysis of organizational Twitter feeds and also interviewed actors within the organization working with public diplomacy and social media. I also examined historical accounts of State's Voice of America radio program, and compared current organizational uses of social media with the appropriation of radio in the second half of the 20th century. The results suggest that paradigm shift has not yet occurred despite the uses of the new technologies. In many cases, social media is being used akin to technologies from previous paradigms due in part to the constraints of organizational structures. Twitter platforms were used as spaces to push information and policy to the masses, similar to the ways in which radio was used after World War II and throughout the Cold War. Organizational actors characterized social media as a tool to accomplish public diplomacy, not as the change agent those outside of the organization have argued it to be. They described organizational challenges of incorporating social media including questions of voice, information control, and doing 'in-reach' inside the organization. Finally, they described aspects of the interaction that took place as an opportunity to create dialogue amongst interested citizens around the world and to come into face-to-face contact with individuals outside the embassy. Although anomalous practices have begun to emerge as a result of new media's use in the State Department, we have not reached what Kuhn would term a 'critical mass,' necessitating a shift in worldview and practice.

Chinn, Jacquelyn Nicole

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Improved Thermoelectric Performance of p-type Skutterudite YbxFe4-yPtySb12 (0.8 x 1, y = 1 and 0.5)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thermoelectric performance of p-type skutterudites currently lags that of the corresponding n-type materials and improvement of this important class of materials have become the focus of considerable research effort world-wide. Recent calculations find promising band structural features in p-type skutterudite materials of the type AeFe3NiSb12 ( Ae = Ca, Sr, or Ba) which could potentially lead to excellent thermoelectric properties. Recent work on the Yb- filled analog of the these formulations (YbFe3NiSb12) however finds that the onset of intrinsic conduction at lower than expected temperatures deteriorates the performance above 500 K leading to poor performance in the temperature range of interest for automotive waste heat recovery applications. We therefore seek a way to increase the band gap in order to find a way to minimize the deleterious effects of intrinsic conduction. Here we present ab initio band structure calculations and the synthesis and thermoelectric properties of YbxFe4-yPtySb12 (0.8 x 1, y = 1 and 0.5). Ab initio calculations find that the band gap increases for YbFe3PtSb12 as compared to the Ni-containing analog, though no such increase in the band gap energy was found for as compared to YbFe3.5Ni0.5Sb12. The y = 1 samples shows a characteristic transition to intrinsic conduction with a decrease in the Seebeck coefficient at temperatures above 700 K. The increased carrier concentration in y = 0.5 virtually eliminates any evidence of intrinsic conduction and the Seebeck coefficients for these samples increase monotonically up to 750 K, resulting in power factors approaching 27 W/cm K2 at 750 K. These power factors combined with low thermal conductivity result in a ZT = 0.9 at 750 K for Yb0.95Fe3.5Pt0.5Sb12.

Cho, Jung Y [GM R& D and Planning, Warren, Michigan; Ye, Zuxin [GM Research and Development Center; Tessema, Misle [GM Research and Development Center; Salvador, James R. [GM R& D and Planning, Warren, Michigan; Waldo, Richard [GM R& D and Planning, Warren, Michigan; Yang, Jiong [Chinese Academy of Sciences; Zhang, Weiqing [Chinese Academy of Sciences; Yang, Jihui [University of Washington; Cai, Wei [ORNL; Wang, Hsin [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Benchmarks for Transition: Do St. Louis High Schools Promote Graduates That Can Make the Transition to Higher Education?.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Are St. Louis area high schools designed to create graduates that are prepared to enter schools of higher education, or are their graduation requirements (more)

Harrman, Kevin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

DOE Announces 1st Projects to Meet President's Clean Coal Commitment |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1st Projects to Meet President's Clean Coal 1st Projects to Meet President's Clean Coal Commitment DOE Announces 1st Projects to Meet President's Clean Coal Commitment January 15, 2003 - 8:58am Addthis Washington, DC - Secretary of Energy Spencer Abraham today announced the first eight projects chosen by the Department of Energy in the initial phase of President Bush's Clean Coal Power Initiative. The projects, valued at more than $1.3 billion, are expected to help pioneer a new generation of innovative power plant technologies that could help meet the President's Clear Skies and Climate Change initiatives. "The level of interest expressed in the first competition was tremendous," Secretary Abraham said. "That is a clear indication of the potential to develop and apply technology to improve our energy security through the use

375

Microsoft Word - FEIS-0285-SA-452-Ross-StJohns-PPA2108_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8, 2011 8, 2011 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS- 0285/SA-452 Ross-St. Johns No. 1) PP&A Project #2108 Ed Tompkins Natural Resource Specialist - TFBV-LMT Proposed Action: Vegetation management and access road maintenance activities along the entire right-of-way (ROW) corridors and associated access roads Location: Clark County, Washington and Multnomah County, Oregon, in the Longview District Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposal: BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation along and adjacent to the transmission line corridor and access roads of the 230-kV Ross-St. Johns No. 1 transmission line corridor from Ross Substation to St. Johns Substation. Other lines that are present within

376

Categorical Exclusion Determination Form Proposed Action Title: (0675-1570) Washington University in St. Louis -  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0) Washington University in St. Louis - 0) Washington University in St. Louis - Optimal Operation and Management of Energy Storage Systems Based on Real-Time Predictive Modeling and Adaptive Battery Management Techniques Program or Field Office: Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy LocationCs) CCity/County/State): St. Louis, MO; Golden, CO Proposed Action Description: Funding will support efforts to develop a battery management system for electric vehicle batteries capable of accurately predicting a battery's charge and health in order to make control decisions that improve battery safety, charging rate, useful capacity, and battery lifetime. Proposed work will consist of: (1) development of baseline physics models for the battery management; (2) optimization of the baseline physics

377

U.S. Department of Energy Welcomes the United Kingdom as 21st Member of the  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Welcomes the United Kingdom as 21st Welcomes the United Kingdom as 21st Member of the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership U.S. Department of Energy Welcomes the United Kingdom as 21st Member of the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership January 26, 2008 - 11:29am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC -The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today welcomed the United Kingdom (UK) as the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership's (GNEP) twenty-first partner. GNEP, a voluntary international partnership, aims to safely and securely expand nuclear power worldwide while responsibly managing nuclear waste and reducing proliferation risks. U.S. Energy Secretary Samuel Bodman met with UK Secretary of State for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform, Rt. Hon. John Hutton prior to the UK signing the GNEP Statement of Principles in Washington, DC.

378

Hydrothermal Circulation At Mount St Helens Determined By Self-Potential  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Hydrothermal Circulation At Mount St Helens Determined By Self-Potential Measurements Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Hydrothermal Circulation At Mount St Helens Determined By Self-Potential Measurements Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: The distribution of hydrothermal circulation within active volcanoes is of importance in identifying regions of hydrothermal alteration which may in turn control explosivity, slope stability and sector collapse. Self-potential measurements, indicative of fluid circulation, were made within the crater of Mount St. Helens in 2000 and

379

TODAY: Secretary Chu, Secretary LaHood, Colorado Governor Hickenlooper, St.  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Chu, Secretary LaHood, Colorado Governor Chu, Secretary LaHood, Colorado Governor Hickenlooper, St. Paul Mayor Coleman, Tucson Mayor Walkup to Discuss Success of DOE's Clean Cities Program TODAY: Secretary Chu, Secretary LaHood, Colorado Governor Hickenlooper, St. Paul Mayor Coleman, Tucson Mayor Walkup to Discuss Success of DOE's Clean Cities Program April 19, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON - Today, April, 19, 2011, U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu, U.S. Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood, Colorado Governor John Hickenlooper, Mayor Chris Coleman of St. Paul, Minnesota and Mayor Bob Walkup of Tucson, Arizona will hold a media conference call to discuss the success of the Department of Energy's Clean Cities program. Sec. Chu will also announce a new round of funding to support President Obama's goal of putting one million electric vehicles on the road in the

380

Smart Grid Week: How the Transition to 21st Century Grid Impacts You |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

How the Transition to 21st Century Grid Impacts How the Transition to 21st Century Grid Impacts You Smart Grid Week: How the Transition to 21st Century Grid Impacts You June 5, 2013 - 2:18pm Addthis Smart meter technology plays a key role in the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon competition. The Team Tidewater Virginia's smart meter, as seen on opening day, indicates the team generated 5 kW hours of electricity in the first several hours of the competition. | Image courtesy of Lachlan Fletcher, Studio 18a. Smart meter technology plays a key role in the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon competition. The Team Tidewater Virginia's smart meter, as seen on opening day, indicates the team generated 5 kW hours of electricity in the first several hours of the competition. | Image courtesy of Lachlan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "namibia sb st" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Two California Schools Win the 21st U.S. Department of Energy National  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Two California Schools Win the 21st U.S. Department of Energy Two California Schools Win the 21st U.S. Department of Energy National Science Bowl Two California Schools Win the 21st U.S. Department of Energy National Science Bowl May 2, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - A high school team from Sacramento and a middle school team from San Ramon won the 2011 U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) National Science Bowl today at the National Building Museum in Washington D.C. Mira Loma High School defeated Montgomery Blair High School from Maryland in the high school national championship match by correctly answering a chemistry question. Gale Ranch Middle School defeated Shahala Middle School from Vancouver, Washington in the middle school national championship match. The high school national champion will receive an all-expense-paid trip in

382

Nuclear Energy: Policies and Technology for the 21st Century | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nuclear Energy: Policies and Technology for the 21st Century Nuclear Energy: Policies and Technology for the 21st Century Nuclear Energy: Policies and Technology for the 21st Century The Department of Energy (DOE) Nuclear Energy Advisory Committee (NEAC) formed two subcommittees to develop a report for the new Administration: a Policy Subcommittee chartered to evaluate U.S. nuclear energy policy and a Technical Subcommittee to review facilities for nuclear energy programs. The two subcommittee reports follow this brief summary.1 The mission of the Policy Subcommittee was to explore the critical choices and implications in U.S. nuclear energy policy, with a view to framing options for the next President to consider. Both in the United States and worldwide, nuclear power has the potential to curtail the dependence on fossil fuels and thereby to reduce the amount of

383

Nuclear Energy: Policies and Technology for the 21st Century | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy: Policies and Technology for the 21st Century Energy: Policies and Technology for the 21st Century Nuclear Energy: Policies and Technology for the 21st Century The Department of Energy (DOE) Nuclear Energy Advisory Committee (NEAC) formed two subcommittees to develop a report for the new Administration: a Policy Subcommittee chartered to evaluate U.S. nuclear energy policy and a Technical Subcommittee to review facilities for nuclear energy programs. The two subcommittee reports follow this brief summary.1 The mission of the Policy Subcommittee was to explore the critical choices and implications in U.S. nuclear energy policy, with a view to framing options for the next President to consider. Both in the United States and worldwide, nuclear power has the potential to curtail the dependence on fossil fuels and thereby to reduce the amount of

384

A Barn Raising For the 21st Century | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Barn Raising For the 21st Century A Barn Raising For the 21st Century A Barn Raising For the 21st Century October 14, 2011 - 3:02pm Addthis Bob Repine, Oregon Department of Energy director, presents the Benton County Fairgrounds solar barn built with American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funds. The rooftop solar array will produce nearly a quarter of the energy used at the fairgrounds and the 12,000-square-foot space will house livestock and the Solar Education Center. | Photo courtesy of the Oregon Department of Energy Bob Repine, Oregon Department of Energy director, presents the Benton County Fairgrounds solar barn built with American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funds. The rooftop solar array will produce nearly a quarter of the energy used at the fairgrounds and the 12,000-square-foot space will house

385

Secretary of Energy Bodman Remarks for 21st Century Truck Event |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Secretary of Energy Bodman Remarks for 21st Century Truck Event Secretary of Energy Bodman Remarks for 21st Century Truck Event Secretary of Energy Bodman Remarks for 21st Century Truck Event May 10, 2005 - 12:46pm Addthis I am delighted to be here. The technologies on exhibit today represent one very promising avenue for meeting our growing energy needs while maintaining good stewardship of the environment. As many of you know, U.S. highway transportation is over 97 percent dependent on petroleum for its energy, with about one-quarter consumed by heavy-duty vehicles. Over half of our petroleum is imported, which impacts our security and balance of payments deficit. Without significant technology development, our Department is forecasting that heavy truck petroleum use will increase by 40 percent by 2020 and will double by 2050

386

Secretary of Energy Bodman Remarks for 21st Century Truck Event |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bodman Remarks for 21st Century Truck Event Bodman Remarks for 21st Century Truck Event Secretary of Energy Bodman Remarks for 21st Century Truck Event May 10, 2005 - 12:46pm Addthis I am delighted to be here. The technologies on exhibit today represent one very promising avenue for meeting our growing energy needs while maintaining good stewardship of the environment. As many of you know, U.S. highway transportation is over 97 percent dependent on petroleum for its energy, with about one-quarter consumed by heavy-duty vehicles. Over half of our petroleum is imported, which impacts our security and balance of payments deficit. Without significant technology development, our Department is forecasting that heavy truck petroleum use will increase by 40 percent by 2020 and will double by 2050 relative to today.

387

A Model For The Sulphur Springs Geothermal Field St Lucia | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Model For The Sulphur Springs Geothermal Field St Lucia Model For The Sulphur Springs Geothermal Field St Lucia Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A Model For The Sulphur Springs Geothermal Field St Lucia Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: A model to explain the behaviour of the Sulphur Springs geothermal field has been derived from downhole temperature records in the exploration boreholes. The model incorporates a main reservoir at 1 - 1.5 km depth, intersected by steeply inclined fissures which carry steam and gas to the well bores, and to the natural fumaroles. A substantial decline in the gas content of the steam could have serious consequences where the fissures are utilised as conduits between the boreholes and the deep reservoir. Further development of the field should concentrate on the

388

DOE Announces 1st Projects to Meet President's Clean Coal Commitment |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Announces 1st Projects to Meet President's Clean Coal DOE Announces 1st Projects to Meet President's Clean Coal Commitment DOE Announces 1st Projects to Meet President's Clean Coal Commitment January 15, 2003 - 8:58am Addthis Washington, DC - Secretary of Energy Spencer Abraham today announced the first eight projects chosen by the Department of Energy in the initial phase of President Bush's Clean Coal Power Initiative. The projects, valued at more than $1.3 billion, are expected to help pioneer a new generation of innovative power plant technologies that could help meet the President's Clear Skies and Climate Change initiatives. "The level of interest expressed in the first competition was tremendous," Secretary Abraham said. "That is a clear indication of the potential to develop and apply technology to improve our energy security through the use

389

U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Distribution Report 1st Quarter 2013  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Origin Origin State ____________________________________________________________________________________________________ 1 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Distribution Report 1st Quarter 2013 Alabama ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Table OS-1. Domestic Coal Distribution, by Origin State, 1st Quarter 2013 Origin: Alabama (thousand short tons) Coal Destination State Transportation Mode Electric Power Sector Coke Plants Industrial Plants (excluding Coke) Commercial & Institutional Total Alabama Total 807 158 282 - 1,247 Alabama Railroad 449 71 14 - 534 Alabama River 358 - - - 358 Alabama Truck - 87 267 - 354 Indiana Total - 164 - - 164 Indiana Railroad - 164 - - 164

390

Laboratories for the 21st Century Best Practices Guides | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Best Practices Guides Best Practices Guides Laboratories for the 21st Century Best Practices Guides October 8, 2013 - 10:50am Addthis Laboratories for the 21st Century best practices guides outline the design, construction, and operation of specific technologies that contribute to energy efficiency and sustainability. The guides cover actual laboratory implementations, highlighting quantifiable performance goals and methods. Chilled Beams in Laboratories Optimizing Laboratory Ventilation Rates Commissioning Ventilated Containment Systems in Laboratories Modeling Exhaust Dispersion for Specifying Acceptable Exhaust/Intake Designs Manifolding Laboratory Exhaust Systems Low-Pressure-Drop HVAC Design for Laboratories Energy Recovery in Laboratory Facilities On-Site Power Systems for Laboratories

391

Multicanonical entropy like-solution of statistical temperature weighted histogram analysis method (ST-WHAM)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A multicanonical update relation for calculation of the microcanonical entropy $S_{micro}(E)$ by means of the estimates of the inverse statistical temperature $\\beta_S$, is proposed. This inverse temperature is obtained from the recently proposed statistical temperature weighted histogram analysis method (ST-WHAM). The performance of ST-WHAM concerning the computation of $S_{micro}(E)$ from canonical measures, in a model with strong free-energy barriers, is also discussed on the basis of comparison with the multicanonical simulation estimates.

Rizzi, Leandro G

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

The Contribution of the National Laboratories in Meeting U.S. 21st Century Challenges  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two pivotal National Academies reports, 'Making the Nation Safer and Rising Above the Gathering Storm, Energizing and Employing America for a Brighter Economic Future (RAGS)', together with 'The National Quadrennial Defense Review, The Department of Defense Strategic R and D Plan', the report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, and the National Academy of Engineering's Grand Challenges delineate the major challenges we face as a nation in the 21st century. They assert that fundamental advances and a sustained effort in science, engineering, and technology are needed to address these challenges effectively. A partial listing of some 21st century challenges for which transformational R and D is needed is given.

Murray, C A

2008-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

393

Above room-temperature operation of InAs/AlGaSb superlattice quantum cascade lasers emitting at 12 {mu}m  

SciTech Connect

The authors report on above-room-temperature operation of InAs/AlGaSb quantum cascade lasers emitting at 12 {mu}m. The laser structures are grown on a n-InAs (100) substrate using solid-source molecular beam epitaxy. An InAs/AlGaSb superlattice is used as an active part and an InAs double plasmon waveguide is used for optical confinement. Results show that increased doping concentration in the injection part of the active region expands the current operation range of the devices, allowing laser operation at and above room temperature. The observed threshold current density is 4.0 kA/cm{sup 2} at 300 K; the maximum operation temperature is 340 K.

Ohtani, K.; Moriyasu, Y.; Ohnishi, H.; Ohno, H. [Laboratory for Nanoelectronics and Semiconductor Spintronics, Research Institute of Electrical Communication, Tohoku University, Katahira 2-1-1, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan)

2007-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

394

Composites of Bi{sub 2-x}Sb{sub x}Te{sub 3} nanocrystals and fullerene molecules for thermoelectricity  

SciTech Connect

New nanocomposite thermoelectric material composed from nanocrystallites of Bi-Sb-Te alloys covered by C{sub 60} molecules has been synthesized and studied. An increase of fullerene content leads to the growth of hole concentration in p-type materials and reduction of electron concentration in n-type materials. The fullerene molecules provide additional scattering of phonons reducing lattice heat conductivity. Reduction of heat conductivity exceeds the reduction of electrical conductivity for fullerene content less than 0.5 volume % and essential enhances the thermoelectric figure of merit. The maximum value of thermoelectric figure of merit equals to 1.17 at 450 K was observed in Bi{sub 0.5}Sb{sub 1.5}Te{sub 3} composite containing 0.5 volume % C{sub 60} molecules. The experimental results were analyzed in a frame of the model based on the Boltzmann equation. The analysis considers light and heavy electrons and holes and accounts the intervalley scattering of charge carriers. The calculations of the kinetic coefficients shows that the improvement of the thermoelectric figure of merit originates from the reduction of the lattice heat conductivity caused by fullerene molecules. The dependencies of the thermoelectric figure of merit on the acceptor concentration were calculated. - Graphical abstract: New nanocomposite thermoelectric material composed from nanocrystallites of Bi-Sb-Te alloys covered by C{sub 60} molecules has been synthesized and studied. An increase of fullerene content leads to the growth of hole concentration in p-type materials and reduction of electron concentration in n-type materials. The fullerene molecules provide additional scattering of phonons reducing lattice heat conductivity and enhances the thermoelectric figure of merit. The maximum value of thermoelectric figure of merit equal to 1.17 at 450 K was observed in Bi{sub 0.5}Sb{sub 1.5}Te{sub 3} composite containing 0.5 volume % fullerene molecules. Simulations of thermoelectric properties were made in frame of four bands, 12 valleys Boltzmann equation approach. Simulated and measured temperature dependencies of thermoelectric properties were compared to get unknown model parameters. These parameters were used to calculate dependencies of thermoelectric properties on acceptor concentration. Calculated dependencies of thermoelectric figure of merit on acceptor concentration are presented in the figure for p-type composites with 0 vol.% C{sub 60} (solid lines) and 0.5 vol.% C{sub 60} (dashed lines). Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer C{sub 60} doping of Bi-Sb-Te has acceptor effect. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Fullerene molecules prevent recrystallization in Bi-Sb-Te nanocomposites. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer C{sub 60} in Bi-Sb-Te nanocomposites essentially reduces lattice thermal conductivity. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Thermoelectric figure of merit in nanocomposite C{sub 60}-Bi-Sb-Te enhanced.

Kulbachinskii, V.A., E-mail: kulb@mig.phys.msu.ru [M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Physics, Leninskie Gory 1-3, Moscow 119991 GSP-1 (Russian Federation); Kytin, V.G. [M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Physics, Leninskie Gory 1-3, Moscow 119991 GSP-1 (Russian Federation)] [M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Physics, Leninskie Gory 1-3, Moscow 119991 GSP-1 (Russian Federation); Popov, M.Yu.; Buga, S.G.; Stepanov, P.B.; Blank, V.D. [Technological Institute for Superhard and Novel Carbon Materials, Troitsk, Moscow Region 142190 (Russian Federation)] [Technological Institute for Superhard and Novel Carbon Materials, Troitsk, Moscow Region 142190 (Russian Federation)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

395

Li6La3SnMO12 (M = Sb, Nb, Ta), a Family of Lithium Garnets with High Li-Ion Conductivity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to investigate the influence of covalent bonding within the garnet framework on the conductivity of Li+ in the interstitial space, the Li+ conductivities in the family of Sn-based compounds Li6La3 SnMO12 (M = Sb, Nb, Ta) have been obtained and are compared with those of Li6La3ZrMO12. Refinement of the neutron diffraction pattern of Li6La3 SnNbO12shows that the interstitial tetrahedral sites (24d ) are about half-occupied and most of the Li in the interstitial bridging octahedral sites are displaced from the center position (48g ). The Sb-based compound has the largest lattice parameter while the Ta-based compound has the highest Li+-ion conductivity of 0.42 10 4 Scm 1.

Bridges, Craig A [ORNL; Goodenough, J. B. [University of Texas, Austin; Gupta, Dr Asha [University of Texas, Austin; Nakanishi, Masahiro [ORNL; Paranthaman, Mariappan Parans [ORNL; Sokolov, Alexei P [ORNL; Bi, Zhonghe [ORNL; Li, Yutao [University of Texas, Austin; Han, Jiantao [University of Texas, Austin; Dong, Youzhong [South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, PR China; Wang, Long [University of Texas, Austin; Xu, Maowen [University of Texas, Austin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

SLUDGE BATCH 7 (SB7) WASHING DEMONSTRATION TO DETERMINE SULFATE/OXALATE REMOVAL EFFICIENCY AND SETTLING BEHAVIOR  

SciTech Connect

To support Sludge Batch 7 (SB7) washing, a demonstration of the proposed Tank Farm washing operation was performed utilizing a real-waste test slurry generated from Tank 4, 7, and 12 samples. The purpose of the demonstration was twofold: (1) to determine the settling time requirements and washing strategy needed to bring the SB7 slurry to the desired endpoint; and (2) to determine the impact of washing on the chemical and physical characteristics of the sludge, particularly those of sulfur content, oxalate content, and rheology. Seven wash cycles were conducted over a four month period to reduce the supernatant sodium concentration to approximately one molar. The long washing duration was due to the slow settling of the sludge and the limited compaction. Approximately 90% of the sulfur was removed through washing, and the vast majority of the sulfur was determined to be soluble from the start. In contrast, only about half of the oxalate was removed through washing, as most of the oxalate was initially insoluble and did not partition to the liquid phase until the latter washes. The final sulfur concentration was 0.45 wt% of the total solids, and the final oxalate concentration was 9,900 mg/kg slurry. More oxalate could have been removed through additional washing, although the washing would have reduced the supernatant sodium concentration.The yield stress of the final washed sludge (35 Pa) was an order of magnitude higher than that of the unwashed sludge ({approx}4 Pa) and was deemed potentially problematic. The high yield stress was related to the significant increase in insoluble solids that occurred ({approx}8 wt% to {approx}18 wt%) as soluble solids and water were removed from the slurry. Reduction of the insoluble solids concentration to {approx}14 wt% was needed to reduce the yield stress to an acceptable level. However, depending on the manner that the insoluble solids adjustment was performed, the final sodium concentration and extent of oxalate removal would be prone to change. As such, the strategy for completing the final wash cycle is integral to maintaining the proper balance of chemical and physical requirements.

Reboul, S.; Click, D.; Lambert, D.

2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

397

Deliverable for F?ST project: Ln Resin based PLE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This memo describes the fabrication of a polymer ligand extractant based on Eichrom's LN-1 resin. This work has been in support of the Fast Alpha Spectrometry Tool (F{alpha}ST) project. The first part of LANL's role in this project is to evaluate new extractants for use in polymer ligand extractants (PLEs). The first new extractant evaluated is Di(2-ethyl hexyl) phosphoric acid (HDEHP), which is an effective metal extractant. It has very efficient chelating properties for a wide variety of metal ions. HDEHP is an amphiphillic molecule with two long hydrocarbon chains and a polar end with a phosphoryl oxygen (P=O) and an acidic -OH group as shown in Figure 1. HDEHP has shown effectiveness in extracting lanthanides, selective actinides, and other trivalent elements. Several authors have reported that lanthanides and elements with +3 oxidation state have similar extraction behavior in nitric acid. The distribution ratio for lanthanides rapidly decreases at lower nitric concentration then start to increase at higher concentration as shown in. The trivalent americium, curium, and yttrium exhibit similar trend as trivalent lanthanides. This extraction trend can be also observed from hydrogen chloride solution. This work describes the use of this ligand in a PLE to extract plutonium from solution. Polymer ligand films were prepared by dissolving HDEHP ligands and polystyrene beads in THF. The solution was directly deposited onto a 40 mm diameter stainless steel substrate using an automated pipette. HDEHP based PLEs with direct stippling method are shown in Figure 2. The solution was air dried at room temperature overnight to ensure complete evaporation of THF. The plutonium tracer solution was prepared in 0.01, 0.1, 1, and 8M nitric solutions to study the effect of nitric concentration in plutonium extraction. 0.1667 Bq {sup 239}Pu tracer solution was directly stippled on each PLE and was allowed to equilibrate for 3 hours before removing the solution. The plutonium activity of each sample was measured by direct alpha counting to quantify the plutonium recovery by HDEHP PLE. The alpha spectra from alpha spectroscopy are shown in Figure 3. 1:5, 1:10, and 1:20 PLEs had sharp peak with low tailing. 1:2 had an extremely long tail, which is a possible indication that a large amount of ligands caused the film to not form a smooth surface. Also, it can be noted that 1:2 ratio PLE surface was not as rigid as the other ratio PLEs and it was prone to scratching during sample handing. The resolution of alpha spectra was quantified by measuring Full Width at Half of the Maximum (FWHM) using Bortels equation. The tailing component of the peak was also measured along with FWHM. The peak resolutions and tailing measurements for 0.1M nitric solution samples are given in Table 1. The best resolution was achieved with 1:5 PLE and worst was given by 1:2 PLE. The plutonium recovery by HDEHP PLE was dependent on both nitric concentration and ligand to polymer ratio. 1:2 PLE consistently had the highest recovery followed by 1:5 as shown in Figure 4. It should be noted that 1:2 ratio PLEs consistently had long tailing and the ROI of the spectrum had to be increased to encompass total counts from the tracer. 1:10 and 1:20 PLEs had close to zero percent recovery in all nitric concentration except for 0.01M. The highest plutonium recovery was observed for 0.1M nitric acid. 1:5 PLE gave the best combination of alpha spectroscopy resolution and plutonium recovery. Radiography image of samples were generated to study the plutonium distribution on the PLE surface. Samples were placed on an imaging plate (Fujifilm BAS-TR 2025) for 24 hours and the plate was scanned using GE Typhoon FLA 7000 system. The radiography image in Figure 5 shows uneven distribution with hot spots along the edge and in the center of the samples. These hot spots may be the result of highly localized concentration of ligands or surface defects that were observed in SEM. This unevenness in distribution may cause inaccurate activity measurement by alpha spectroscopy due to a bias in the

Peterson, Dominic S. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Armenta, Claudine E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rim, Jung H. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

398

Deliverable for F?ST project: Ln Resin based PLE  

SciTech Connect

This memo describes the fabrication of a polymer ligand extractant based on Eichrom's LN-1 resin. This work has been in support of the Fast Alpha Spectrometry Tool (F{alpha}ST) project. The first part of LANL's role in this project is to evaluate new extractants for use in polymer ligand extractants (PLEs). The first new extractant evaluated is Di(2-ethyl hexyl) phosphoric acid (HDEHP), which is an effective metal extractant. It has very efficient chelating properties for a wide variety of metal ions. HDEHP is an amphiphillic molecule with two long hydrocarbon chains and a polar end with a phosphoryl oxygen (P=O) and an acidic -OH group as shown in Figure 1. HDEHP has shown effectiveness in extracting lanthanides, selective actinides, and other trivalent elements. Several authors have reported that lanthanides and elements with +3 oxidation state have similar extraction behavior in nitric acid. The distribution ratio for lanthanides rapidly decreases at lower nitric concentration then start to increase at higher concentration as shown in. The trivalent americium, curium, and yttrium exhibit similar trend as trivalent lanthanides. This extraction trend can be also observed from hydrogen chloride solution. This work describes the use of this ligand in a PLE to extract plutonium from solution. Polymer ligand films were prepared by dissolving HDEHP ligands and polystyrene beads in THF. The solution was directly deposited onto a 40 mm diameter stainless steel substrate using an automated pipette. HDEHP based PLEs with direct stippling method are shown in Figure 2. The solution was air dried at room temperature overnight to ensure complete evaporation of THF. The plutonium tracer solution was prepared in 0.01, 0.1, 1, and 8M nitric solutions to study the effect of nitric concentration in plutonium extraction. 0.1667 Bq {sup 239}Pu tracer solution was directly stippled on each PLE and was allowed to equilibrate for 3 hours before removing the solution. The plutonium activity of each sample was measured by direct alpha counting to quantify the plutonium recovery by HDEHP PLE. The alpha spectra from alpha spectroscopy are shown in Figure 3. 1:5, 1:10, and 1:20 PLEs had sharp peak with low tailing. 1:2 had an extremely long tail, which is a possible indication that a large amount of ligands caused the film to not form a smooth surface. Also, it can be noted that 1:2 ratio PLE surface was not as rigid as the other ratio PLEs and it was prone to scratching during sample handing. The resolution of alpha spectra was quantified by measuring Full Width at Half of the Maximum (FWHM) using Bortels equation. The tailing component of the peak was also measured along with FWHM. The peak resolutions and tailing measurements for 0.1M nitric solution samples are given in Table 1. The best resolution was achieved with 1:5 PLE and worst was given by 1:2 PLE. The plutonium recovery by HDEHP PLE was dependent on both nitric concentration and ligand to polymer ratio. 1:2 PLE consistently had the highest recovery followed by 1:5 as shown in Figure 4. It should be noted that 1:2 ratio PLEs consistently had long tailing and the ROI of the spectrum had to be increased to encompass total counts from the tracer. 1:10 and 1:20 PLEs had close to zero percent recovery in all nitric concentration except for 0.01M. The highest plutonium recovery was observed for 0.1M nitric acid. 1:5 PLE gave the best combination of alpha spectroscopy resolution and plutonium recovery. Radiography image of samples were generated to study the plutonium distribution on the PLE surface. Samples were placed on an imaging plate (Fujifilm BAS-TR 2025) for 24 hours and the plate was scanned using GE Typhoon FLA 7000 system. The radiography image in Figure 5 shows uneven distribution with hot spots along the edge and in the center of the samples. These hot spots may be the result of highly localized concentration of ligands or surface defects that were observed in SEM. This unevenness in distribution may cause inaccurate activity measurement by alpha spectroscopy due to a bias in the

Peterson, Dominic S. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Armenta, Claudine E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rim, Jung H. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

399

Electroforming of Bi(1-x)Sb(x) nanowires for high-efficiency micro-thermoelectric cooling devices on a chip.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Active cooling of electronic systems for space-based and terrestrial National Security missions has demanded use of Stirling, reverse-Brayton, closed Joule-Thompson, pulse tube and more elaborate refrigeration cycles. Such cryocoolers are large systems that are expensive, demand large powers, often contain moving parts and are difficult to integrate with electronic systems. On-chip, solid-state, active cooling would greatly enhance the capabilities of future systems by reducing the size, cost and inefficiencies compared to existing solutions. We proposed to develop the technology for a thermoelectric cooler capable of reaching 77K by replacing bulk thermoelectric materials with arrays of Bi{sub 1-x}Sb{sub x} nanowires. Furthermore, the Sandia-developed technique we will use to produce the oriented nanowires occurs at room temperature and can be applied directly to a silicon substrate. Key obstacles include (1) optimizing the Bi{sub 1-x}Sb{sub x} alloy composition for thermoelectric properties; (2) increasing wire aspect ratios to 3000:1; and (3) increasing the array density to {ge} 10{sup 9} wires/cm{sup 2}. The primary objective of this LDRD was to fabricate and test the thermoelectric properties of arrays of Bi{sub 1-x}Sb{sub x} nanowires. With this proof-of-concept data under our belts we are positioned to engage National Security systems customers to invest in the integration of on-chip thermoelectric coolers for future missions.

Overmyer, Donald L.; Webb, Edmund Blackburn, III (,; ); Siegal, Michael P.; Yelton, William Graham

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Resistivity During Boiling in the SB-15-D Core from the Geysers Geothermal Field: The Effects of Capillarity  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In a laboratory study of cores from borehole SB-15-D in The Geysers geothermal area, we measured the electrical resistivity of metashale with and without pore-pressure control, with confining pressures up to 100 bars and temperatures between 20 and 150 C, to determine how the pore-size distribution and capillarity affected boiling. We observed a gradual increase in resistivity when the downstream pore pressure or confining pressure decreased below the phase boundary of free water. For the conditions of this experiment, boiling, as indicated by an increase in resistivity, is initiated at pore pressures of approximately 0.5 to 1 bar (0.05 to 0.1 MPa) below the free-water boiling curve, and it continues to increase gradually as pressure is lowered to atmospheric. A simple model of the effects of capillarity suggests that at 145 C, less than 15% of the pore water can boil in these rocks. If subsequent experiments bear out these preliminary observations, then boiling within a geothermal reservoir is controlled not just by pressure and temperature but also by pore-size distribution. Thus, it may be possible to determine reservoir characteristics by monitoring changes in electrical resistivity as reservoir conditions change.

Roberts, J.; Duba, A.; Bonner, B.; Kasameyer, P.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "namibia sb st" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century (REN21) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

21st Century (REN21) 21st Century (REN21) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century (REN21) Name Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century (REN21) Address REN21 Secretariat 15 rue de Milan 75441 Paris Cedex 9 France Place Paris, France Year founded 2004 Phone number 33 1 44 37 50 94 Website http://www.ren21.net/ Coordinates 48.8566667°, 2.3509871° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":48.8566667,"lon":2.3509871,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

402

General pattern of global system conflicts and global threats of the 21st century  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data on global conflicts took place from 750 B.C. up to now are analyzed and their general pattern is revealed. An attempt is made to foresee the next global conflict called the conflict of the 21st century. Its nature and main characteristics are analyzed. ... Keywords: Fibonacci sequence, cluster analysis, global system conflicts, global threats, scenarios

M. Z. Zgurovsky

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

2 RENEWABLES 2010 GLOBAL STATUS REPORT Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;2 RENEWABLES 2010 GLOBAL STATUS REPORT Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century REN to renewable energy. It pro- motes appropriate policies that increase the wise use of renewable energies for Sustainable Energy Policies, Japan Hans-Jorgen Koch Danish Energy Agency Ministry of Climate and Energy

404

North American Climate in CMIP5 Experiments: Part III: Assessment of 21st Century Projections  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In Part 3 of a three-part study on North American climate in Coupled Model Intercomparison project (CMIP5) models, we examine projections of 21st century climate in the RCP8.5 emission experiments. This paper summarizes and synthesizes results ...

Eric D. Maloney; Suzana J. Camargo; Edmund Chang; Brian Colle; Rong Fu; Kerrie L. Geil; Qi Hu; Xianan Jiang; Nathaniel Johnson; Kristopher B. Karnauskas; James Kinter; Benjamin Kirtman; Sanjiv Kumar; Baird Langenbrunner; Kelly Lombardo; Lindsey N. Long; Annarita Mariotti; Joyce E. Meyerson; Kingtse C. Mo; J. David Neelin; Zaitao Pan; Richard Seager; Yolande Serra; Anji Seth; Justin Sheffield; Julienne Stroeve; Jeanne Thibeault; Shang-Ping Xie; Chunzai Wang; Bruce Wyman; Ming Zhao

405

Vision 21: Ultra-Clean Energy Plants for the 21st Century  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vision 21 is the U.S. Department of Energys new initiative for developing the technology needed for ultra-clean 21st century energy plants. The goal of Vision 21 is to effectively remove, at competitive costs, environmental concerns associated with the use of fossil fuels for producing electricity and transportation fuels.

Lawrence A. Ruth

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Response of the Lower St. Lawrence Estuary to External Forcing in Winter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mostly because of a lack of observations, fundamental aspects of the St. Lawrence Estuarys wintertime response to forcing remain poorly understood. The results of a field campaign over the winter of 2002/03 in the estuary are presented. The ...

G. C. Smith; F. J. Saucier; D. Straub

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Hybrid and Hydrogen Vehicle Research Laboratory 21st Century Automotive Challenge April 17-19, 2009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electric and hybrid cars in the American consumer marketplace." Competition participants included teams vehicle technology you need to match your lifestyle ­ electric, solar electric, hybrid, pluggable hybrid the electric utility grid. Sound impossible, or eons in the future? As part of the 21st Century Automotive

Lee, Dongwon

408

Ideas on a 1st level multi-track r-phi vertex trigger processor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

97-06 The implementation of a microvertex trigger with a R-Phi strip geometry for detecting B meson decay vertices has been proposed in the LHCb progress report [Ref. 1]. This report reviews the implementation ideas for 1st level vertex trigger including stip readout, hardware linefinding and technologies to implement a vertex processor operating at 1 Mhz input rate.

Buytaert, J; Jost, B; Mller, H; Ruf, T; Ruf, Thomas

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Proceedings of the 21st ACM international conference on Information and knowledge management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On behalf of the organizing committee, it is my genuine honor and great pleasure to welcome you to the 21st ACM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management (CIKM 2012) in Maui, Hawaii! I hope this conference proves to be both interesting ...

Xuewen Chen; Guy Lebanon; Haixun Wang; Mohammed J. Zaki

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Response of the Ocean Natural Carbon Storage to Projected 21st Century Climate Change.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The separate impacts of wind stress, buoyancy fluxes, and CO2 solubility on the oceanic storage of natural carbon are assessed in an ensemble of 20th to 21st century simulations, using a coupled atmosphere-ocean-carbon cycle model. Time varying ...

Raffaele Bernardello; Irina Marinov; Jaime B. Palter; Jorge L. Sarmiento; Eric D. Galbraith; Richard D. Slater

411

Proceedings of the 41st ACM technical symposium on Computer science education  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Welcome to the proceedings of the 41st ACM Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education, or SIGCSE 2010. Contained within you will find the archival record of over one hundred papers as well as multiple other session formats that change Computer ...

Gary Lewandowski; Steven Wolfman; Thomas J. Cortina; Ellen L. Walker

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Conceptual design report for the mechanical disassembly of Fort St. Vrain fuel elements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A conceptual design study was prepared that: (1) reviewed the operations necessary to perform the mechanical disassembly of Fort St. Vrain fuel elements; (2) contained a description and survey of equipment capable of performing the necessary functions; and (3) performed a tradeoff study for determining the preferred concepts and equipment specifications. A preferred system was recommended and engineering specifications for this system were developed.

Lord, D.L. [Westinghouse Idaho Nuclear Co., Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Wadsworth, D.C.; Sekot, J.P.; Skinner, K.L. [EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Systems Performance Analyses of Alaska Wind-Diesel Projects; St. Paul, Alaska (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This fact sheet summarizes a systems performance analysis of the wind-diesel project in St. Paul, Alaska. Data provided for this project include load data, average wind turbine output, average diesel plant output, dump (controlling) load, average net capacity factor, average net wind penetration, estimated fuel savings, and wind system availability.

Baring-Gould, I.

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Uses and Desirable Properties of Wood in the 21st Century  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of commercial de- velopment is use of wood pellet fuel to pro- duce heat or electric power. Wood pellets for the pellet Figure 2. Global production of paper and paperboard and wood panels by principal (continental, and production of nano-enabled materials and products are expected to increasingly shape wood use as the 21st

415

Nuclear Energy in the 21st Date 12 and 13 March 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nuclear Energy in the 21st Century Date 12 and 13 March 2012 Organised by Professor Roger Cashmore organiser 09.05 Ian Emsley Current nuclear landscape and uranium resource 13.30 Duncan Forbes The challenge for SMR 09.00 Alex Larzelere The Role of advanced modeling and simulation for nuclear reactor design

Rambaut, Andrew

416

EMMCVPR 2011, St. Petersburg Minimizing Count-based High Order Terms in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EMMCVPR 2011, St. Petersburg Minimizing Count-based High Order Terms in Markov Random Fields Thomas to handle computer vision problems inducing models with very high order terms - in fact terms of maximal order. Here we consider terms where the cost function depends only on the number of variables

Lunds Universitet

417

Wind Powering America: Clean Energy for the 21st Century (Revised)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Wind Powering America: Clean Energy for the 21st Century continues to be one of the most popular publications produced by the Wind Powering America team. This latest revision incorporates new wind facts from the American Wind Energy Association, as well as wind FAQs for consumers, updated wind resource maps, and a list of WPA publications.

Not Available

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Paper to be presented at the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 51st Annual Meeting,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Paper to be presented at the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 51st Annual Meeting, Baltimoreth , 2001 attacks , the "dead wrong" evaluation of Iraq's weapons of mass destruction ("Report: Iraq Regarding Weapons of Mass Destruction, 2005, March 31). However, in this paper, we argue that this lack

Petrick, Irene J.

419

Quality Control for USDA NRCS SMST Network Soil Temperatures: A Method and a Dataset  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 1991, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) established its Soil MoistureSoil Temperature (SMST) Pilot Network consisting of 21 stations in 19 states in the contiguous United States. At each ...

Qi Hu; Song Feng; Garry Schaefer

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Predicting Spring Tornado Activity in the Central Great Plains By March 1st  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors illustrate a statistical model for predicting tornado activity in the central Plains by March 1st. The model predicts the number of tornado reports during AprilJune using February sea-surface temperature (SST) data from the Gulf of ...

James B. Elsner; Holly M. Widen

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "namibia sb st" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Fission product behavior in the Peach Bottom and Fort St. Vrain HTGRs  

SciTech Connect

Actual operating data from Peach Bottom and Fort St. Vrain were compared with code predictions to assess the validity of the methods used to predict the behavior of fission products in the primary coolant circuit. For both reactors the measured circuit activities were significantly below design values, and the observations generally verify the codes used for large HTGR design.

Hanson, D.L.; Baldwin, N.L.; Strong, D.E.

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

International Capital in Namibia: Tsumeb and the CDM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oil and Gas Company of the us. Nord Mining Corporation of the US (SWA subsidiary Nord Mining and Exploration (

Ferreira, Eduardo de Sousa

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Millennial Development: A Case Study of Namibia's Vision 2030.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This thesis analyzes the neoliberal governmentalities of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and how they shape the policies, practices, and perceptions of poverty within (more)

Connoy, Laura

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Namibia Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Destination  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Crude oil exports are ...

425

Presented at the 21st European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Dresden,Germany, 4-8 September 2006 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF PV ELECTRICITY GENERATION -  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Presented at the 21st European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Dresden,Germany, 4-8 September (Franklin #12;Presented at the 21st European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Dresden,Germany, 4;Presented at the 21st European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Dresden,Germany, 4-8 September 2006 0 5

426

IMPACT OF SB4 TANK 40 DECANT AND ARP/MCU ADDITIONS WITH/WITHOUT ADDED CAUSTIC ON DWPF CPC PERFORMANCE  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) was requested to investigate the impact of decanting supernate from the Sludge Batch four (SB4) feed in Tank 40. The specific questions concerned the potential impact on the stoichiometric acid window determined for SB4 with respect to overall hydrogen generation rates, nitrite destruction in the Sludge Receipt and Adjustment Tank (SRAT) and the rheology of the sludge, SRAT product, and Slurry Mix Evaporator (SME) product slurries. The scope included considering an addition of sodium hydroxide to Tank 40 to partially offset the sodium lost during decanting as well as considering the impact of bounding quantities of Actinide Removal Process (ARP) feed and Modular Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction Unit (MCU) feed on these same parameters. Simulated SB4 waste was first adjusted to match the dilution that has occurred in Tank 40 during the initial period of SB4 operations in the DWPF. The adjusted simulant was decanted an equivalent of 100,000 gallons relative to 413,740 gallons projected supernate volume. The decanted simulant was divided into two equal parts. One part received an addition of sodium hydroxide to increase the Na{sub 2}O content of the calcined sludge solids by about 3%. The baseline decanted simulant and caustic adjusted simulant were each tested in three pairs of DWPF process simulations of the SRAT and SME cycles. The simulations were at the nominal SB4 acid stoichiometry of 130% with and without bounding ARP/MCU additions and at 170% of acid without ARP/MCU. The 170% case without ARP/MCU was considered bounding relative to 170% with ARP/MCU based on calculated acid requirements. No significant negative impacts on the proposed acid operating window for the SRAT and SME cycles were noted in the simulations. Nitrite was successfully destroyed and mercury reduced in all six SRAT cycles. Hydrogen was produced in all six SRAT and SME cycles, but the levels were below the DWPF SRAT and SME cycle limits in all cases. Relatively insignificant rheological changes were noted other than the previously established thinning from higher acid additions. SRAT and SME processing at 130% acid stoichiometry with and without ARP/MCU additions were very similar. MCU nitric acid content, however, shifted the normal acid addition prior to boiling toward more formic acid and less nitric acid than without MCU. SRNL found no technical issues processing the proposed Tank 40 decant (with or without added NaOH) from the standpoint of the impact on the DWPF SRAT and SME cycles subject to the inherent uncertainties in modeling the ARP noble metal concentrations. The noble metals in the ARP were set to the same weight percents in the total solids that they were measured at in the SB4 waste, which was considered likely to be bounding on the actual noble metal content of the ARP transfer to DWPF. Assumptions for formate loss and nitrite to nitrate conversion can be left at the current levels.

Koopman, D; David Best, D; Frances Williams, F

2008-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

427

Future scientists and engineers on the FaST track at Argonne | Argonne  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Future scientists and engineers on the FaST track at Argonne Future scientists and engineers on the FaST track at Argonne By Eleanor Taylor * August 2, 2011 Tweet EmailPrint Lighting represents roughly 40 percent of the energy consumption in the U.S. commercial building sector, but saving energy can be difficult because different workspaces, such as schools, hospitals and office buildings, have different lighting requirements. A team from Oklahoma State University (OSU) spent their summer working at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory, performing a lighting survey as part of Argonne's sustainability program, which aims to reduce the laboratory's energy consumption by 30 percent by 2015. The students, Anna Eckhoff, Ashlee Dowdy and Kristin Schieffer, are working with Professor Paulette Hebert, Ph.D., as part of the DOE/National Science

428

Wind Power Opportunities in St. Thomas, USVI: A Site-Specific Evaluation and Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Power Opportunities in Power Opportunities in St. Thomas, USVI: A Site-Specific Evaluation and Analysis E. Lantz, A. Warren, J.O. Roberts, and V. Gevorgian Technical Report NREL/TP-7A20-55415 September 2012 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Wind Power Opportunities in St. Thomas, USVI: A Site-Specific Evaluation and Analysis E. Lantz, A. Warren, J.O. Roberts, and V. Gevorgian Prepared under Task No. IDVI.1020 Technical Report NREL/TP-7A20-55415 September 2012 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

429

Disrupting the (Energy) Status Quo: ARPA-E Helping the U.S. Face 21st  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Disrupting the (Energy) Status Quo: ARPA-E Helping the U.S. Face Disrupting the (Energy) Status Quo: ARPA-E Helping the U.S. Face 21st Century Challenges Disrupting the (Energy) Status Quo: ARPA-E Helping the U.S. Face 21st Century Challenges October 11, 2011 - 11:15am Addthis Dr. Arun Majumdar, Director of the Department's Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E), speaks at PopTech's Energy Disruptors: Transforming the System salon on September 8th, 2011. | Courtesy of PopTech Dr. Arun Majumdar, Director of the Department's Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E), speaks at PopTech's Energy Disruptors: Transforming the System salon on September 8th, 2011. | Courtesy of PopTech Adam Goldstein contractor to ARPA-E What are the key facts? Bill Gates, Fred Smith and Lee Scott will serve as keynote speakers

430

MHK Projects/Lunar Energy St David s Peninsula Pembrokeshire South Wales UK  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lunar Energy St David s Peninsula Pembrokeshire South Wales UK Lunar Energy St David s Peninsula Pembrokeshire South Wales UK < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-15.6265,"lon":30.4041,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

431

MA FI QPR Scoring Elements 1st Qtr FY 2010_091020.xls  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

st st Blank Reference Due Date Element Measure Critical? Score > ≤ 11/15 11/15 11/22 11/22 90% 100% 80% 90% 0% 80% 11/13 11/13 10/14 12/30 1/1/10 2/13/10 11/13 11/13 11/13 11/13 11/13 11/13 Program specific elements, negotiated with Programs: Program specific measures, negotiated with Programs: Overall Score: Green * All critical elements green, and * No more then one non-critical element yellow Yellow * Any critical element yellow, or * Any non-critical red, or * Two or more non-critical elements yellow Red * Any critical element red or * Two or more non-critical elements red TYRT 3.4 DOE O 430.1B Yes Submission timeliness Capture sustainability data in FIMS. November 13, 2009 Provide OECM FIMS Data Validation schedule for each of your sites

432

Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program LA-County-St. Landry  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Description Description 1) Develop a strategy for the St. Landry Parish Government Public Building Energy Program, 2) perform lighting retrofits at nine Parish buildings utilizing the latest energy efficient lighting products to replace older devices (replace fixtures, ballasts, and lamps), and 3) perform direct digital controls (DDC) retrofits on nine Parish buildings to replace thermostats with the latest DDC temperature control products and modify a central operator workstation at the Parish Maintenance Office to allow remote scheduling and monitoring of each facility. Conditions: Historic preservation clause applies to this application (Courthouse [1939]) Project Title LA-County-St. Landry *-For the complete DOE National Environmental Policy Act regulations regarding categorical exclusions, see Subpart D of 10 CFR10 21

433

Laboratories for the 21st Century Agency Resources | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Agency Resources Agency Resources Laboratories for the 21st Century Agency Resources October 8, 2013 - 10:48am Addthis Many helpful resources are available to Federal agencies about Laboratories for the 21st Century (Labs21). General Resources Design Guide for Energy-Efficient Research Laboratories: Guide to assist in identifying and applying advanced energy efficiency features in laboratory environments. Energy Benchmarking Tool: Web-based tool that allows users to benchmark energy performance in both whole building and system-level metrics. Laboratory Energy Efficiency Profiler: Web-based tool enabling users to identify energy efficiency opportunities with as little user data input as possible. It works in conjunction with the Labs21 Energy Benchmarking Tool. Climate Neutral Research Campuses: Website helping research campuses

434

GlSTEWD I ORBYlST CONTACT DJSCI OSUBF F O W  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

GlSTEWD I ORBYlST CONTACT DJSCI OSUBF F GlSTEWD I ORBYlST CONTACT DJSCI OSUBF F O W This form is to be completed by Executive Branch employees who are contacted by registered lobbyists regarding the Recovery Act. This report includes a written description of each contact, the date and time of the contact, and the names of the registered lobbyist(s) and the employee(s) with whom the contact took place. The information on this form will be available to the public on the Executive Branch agency's recovery website. Written materials prepared by registered lobbyists should be attached to this form for posting on the website. To be completed by the employee contacted. . I Registered Lobbyist($) Name: ' I Tile: I Firm o r Organization, if I Client: 1 I I Brief description of the contact: (attach separate sheet if necessary)

435

ST ATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY UNITED TECHNOLOGIES RESEARCH CENTER FOR AN  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ST ATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS ST ATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY UNITED TECHNOLOGIES RESEARCH CENTER FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF THE GOVERNMENT'S DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS UNDER DOE COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT DE-EE0003953; DOE WAIVER NO. W(A)2011-013; CH1596 The Petitioner, United Technologies Research Center (UTRC). has requested an Advance Waiver of the Government's domestic and foreign rights to inventions in the above cited research and development contract issued by DOE's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). See attached UTRC's Petition, Answer 1. Subject of the R&D Contract Title: Integrated Whole Building Energy Diagnostics The objective of the contract is to develop and demonstrate a Whole-building energy management system (EMS) that integrated real-time energy fault detection and diagnostics

436

Progress on Our 21st Century Grid: Powering Our Country and Our Economy |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Progress on Our 21st Century Grid: Powering Our Country and Our Economy Progress on Our 21st Century Grid: Powering Our Country and Our Economy June 3, 2013 - 11:43am Addthis Investments in the nation's electric power grid are delivering significant benefits to consumers and businesses. | Photo courtesy of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Investments in the nation's electric power grid are delivering significant benefits to consumers and businesses. | Photo courtesy of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Patricia A. Hoffman Patricia A. Hoffman Assistant Secretary, Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability Since the start of the new year, I have spoken at more than a dozen events about ways in which investment in the electric power grid is delivering

437

Laboratories for the 21st Century Case Studies | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Case Studies Case Studies Laboratories for the 21st Century Case Studies October 8, 2013 - 10:51am Addthis These case studies feature examples of energy-efficient laboratories for the 21st century. The Featured Concepts Table outlines technologies covered in each case study. Fume Hood Sash Stickers Increases Laboratory Safety and Efficiency at Minimal Cost Molecular Foundry at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Science and Technology Facility at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Center Process and Environmental Technology Laboratory at Sandia National Laboratories Louis Stokes Laboratories Building 50 National Vehicle and Fuel Emissions Laboratory Georgia Public Health Laboratory Marian E. Koshland Integrated Natural Science Center at Haverford

438

Llr. Norgnn of the St. Louis office tolepbonod Dr. ;PuAuff mcently  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Llr. Norgnn of the St. Louis office tolepbonod Dr. ;PuAuff mcently Llr. Norgnn of the St. Louis office tolepbonod Dr. ;PuAuff mcently rtxpeetlng pemlasion to !wu mpmaentatfoee of Uallinckrodt visit 03% to review rare earth smparatlon tmkniquas. Their lntsmst In purev binstrIal In that they hop to indsti- preilnotlon '- emparntlon of thssae elwnts., Dr. %odnUf oheckad ritli Paul -1. : '/I .._ ,,,. . . w!w was will- to ao"rrlon~vit~~'thoir,Pisiffirg.~e Laboratory sliax he did not feel that it lzpliad 8.pmferentia.l tmabmnt of KalllncJwodt. Subsquently, Dr. %odmfP check~wlth Dr. Davidmnof the Office of Industrial Developmemtuho aleodid Mt objsctbutpointed Out that the Vick Chezdcal Company of 122 East l&xi Btmot, f&w PO* 17, N. ,P., had also expressed an intereat ir.having their mbsidi.arg, the J. T. Baker Chemical Coqany, get into the field. BU aeked

439

Microsoft Word - DOE-ID-11-014 Missouri ST EC.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 4 SECTION A. Project Title: Upgrade of Missouri S&T Reactor for Distance Learning - Missouri University of Science and Technology SECTION B. Project Description Missouri S&T will purchase and install equipment that will enable distance learning. The required sets of equipment are in the following categories: -Data acquisition systems together with rod height data system -Internet accessible detector systems at the MSTR -Video conferencing systems at the MSTR building and participating institutions SECTION C. Environmental Aspects / Potential Sources of Impact The action consists of funding the purchase of equipment and instruments for an existing program. The action would not create additional environmental impacts above those already occurring at the university.

440

Technology Roadmap for the 21st Century Truck Program, a government-industry research partnership  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The 21st Century Truck Program has been established as a government-industry research partnership to support the development and implementation of commercially viable technologies that will dramatically cut fuel use and emissions of commercial trucks and buses while enhancing their safety and affordability as well as maintaining or enhancing performance. The innovations resulting from this program will reduce dependence on foreign oil, improve our nation's air quality, provide advanced technology for military vehicles, and enhance the competitiveness of the U.S. truck and bus industry while ensuring safe and affordable freight and bus transportation for the nation's economy. This Technology Roadmap for the 21st Century Truck Program has been prepared to guide the development of the technical advancements that will enable the needed improvements in commercial truck fuel economy, emissions, and safety.

None

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "namibia sb st" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Fabrication and characterization of GaSb based thermophotovoltaic cells using Zn diffusion from a doped spin-on glass source  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The GaInSb material system is attractive for application in thermophotovoltaic (TPV) cells since its band gap can be tuned to match the radiation of the emitter. At present, most of the TPV cells are fabricated using epitaxial layers and hence are expensive. To reduce the cost, Zn diffusion using elemental vapors in a semi-closed diffusion system is being pursued by several laboratories. In this paper, the authors present studies carried out on Zn diffusion into n-type (Te-doped) GaSb substrates in an open tube diffusion furnace. The dopant precursor was a 2,000 {angstrom} thick, zinc doped spin-on glass. The diffusion was carried out at temperatures ranging from 550 to 600 C, for times from 1 to 10 hours. The diffused layers were characterized by Hall measurements using step-and-repeat etching by anodic oxidation, secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) measurements and TPV device fabrication. For diffusion carried out at 600 C, the junction depth was 0.3 {micro}m, and the hole concentration near the surface was 5 {times} 10{sup 19}/cm{sup 3}. The external quantum efficiency, measured without any anti-reflection coating, of the TPV cells fabricated using mesa-etching had a maximum value of 38%. Masked diffusion was also carried out by opening windows in a Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} coated, GaSb wafer. TPV cells fabricated on these structures had similar quantum efficiency, but lower dark current.

Dakshinamurthy, S.; Shetty, S.; Bhat, I.; Hitchcock, C.; Gutmann, R. [Rensselaer Polytechnic Inst., Troy, NY (United States); Charache, G.; Freeman, M. [Lockheed Martin Corp., Schenectady, NY (United States)

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Pressure tunes electrical resistivity by four orders of magnitude in amorphous Ge[subscript 2]Sb[subscript 2]Te[subscript 5] phase-change memory alloy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ge-Sb-Te-based phase-change memory is one of the most promising candidates to succeed the current flash memories. The application of phase-change materials for data storage and memory devices takes advantage of the fast phase transition (on the order of nanoseconds) and the large property contrasts (e.g., several orders of magnitude difference in electrical resistivity) between the amorphous and the crystalline states. Despite the importance of Ge-Sb-Te alloys and the intense research they have received, the possible phases in the temperature-pressure diagram, as well as the corresponding structure-property correlations, remain to be systematically explored. In this study, by subjecting the amorphous Ge{sub 2}Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 5} (a-GST) to hydrostatic-like pressure (P), the thermodynamic variable alternative to temperature, we are able to tune its electrical resistivity by several orders of magnitude, similar to the resistivity contrast corresponding to the usually investigated amorphous-to-crystalline (a-GST to rock-salt GST) transition used in current phase-change memories. In particular, the electrical resistivity drops precipitously in the P = 0 to 8 GPa regime. A prominent structural signature representing the underlying evolution in atomic arrangements and bonding in this pressure regime, as revealed by the ab initio molecular dynamics simulations, is the reduction of low-electron-density regions, which contributes to the narrowing of band gap and delocalization of trapped electrons. At P > 8 GPa, we have observed major changes of the average local structures (bond angle and coordination numbers), gradually transforming the a-GST into a high-density, metallic-like state. This high-pressure glass is characterized by local motifs that bear similarities to the body-centered-cubic GST (bcc-GST) it eventually crystallizes into at 28 GPa, and hence represents a bcc-type polyamorph of a-GST.

Xu, M.; Cheng, Y.Q.; Wang, L.; Sheng, H.W.; Meng, Y.; Yang, W.G.; Hang, X.D.; Ma, E. (Beijing U); (JHU); (CIW); (George Mason)

2012-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

443

Feasibility of methane-gas recovery at the St. John's Landfill  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

All facets reviewed in assessing the feasibility of a commercial landfill gas recovery system at the St. Johns Landfill in Portland, Oregon are discussed. Included are: landfill operational history, step-by-step descriptions of the field testing (and all results therein), landfill gas production/recovery predictions, results of the preliminary market research, cost matrices for primary utilization modes, and conclusions and recommendations based on analysis of the data gathered. Tables and figures are used to illustrate various aspects of the report.

Not Available

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

St. Louis Metro Biodiesel (B20) Transit Bus Evaluation: 12-Month Final Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The St. Louis Metro Bodiesel Transit Bus Evaluation project is being conducted under a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement between NREL and the National Biodiesel Board to evaluate the extended in-use performance of buses operating on B20 fuel. The objective of this research project is to compare B20 and ultra-low sulfur diesel buses in terms of fuel economy, veicles maintenance, engine performance, component wear, and lube oil performance.

Barnitt, R.; McCormick, R. L.; Lammert, M.

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

2 {mu}m laterally coupled distributed-feedback GaSb-based metamorphic laser grown on a GaAs substrate  

SciTech Connect

We report a type-I GaSb-based laterally coupled distributed-feedback (DFB) laser grown on a GaAs substrate operating continuous wave at room temperature. The laser structure was designed to operate near a wavelength of 2 {mu}m and was grown metamorphically with solid-source molecular beam epitaxy. The device was fabricated using a 6th-order deep etch grating structure as part of the sidewalls of the narrow ridge waveguide. The DFB laser emits total output power of up to 40 mW in a single longitudinal mode operation at a heat-sink temperature of 20 Degree-Sign C.

Apiratikul, P.; He, L.; Richardson, C. J. K. [Laboratory for Physical Sciences, 8050 Greenmead Drive, College Park, Maryland 20740 (United States)] [Laboratory for Physical Sciences, 8050 Greenmead Drive, College Park, Maryland 20740 (United States)

2013-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

446

An Analysis of the Ground Temperature and Reflectivity Pattern about St. Louis, Missouri, Using HCMM Satellite Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ground temperatures and reflectivity patterns have been examined for the area in and surrounding St. Louis, Missouri, using HCMM satellite data. Analyses demonstrate marked seasonal and day/night differences. In the warm season and during the day,...

Fred M. Vukovich

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Quantitative Analysis of Mt. St. Helens Ash by X-Ray Diffraction and X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A quantitative study by x-ray diffraction, optical polarizing microscopy, and x-ray fluorescence spectrometry of fallout and ambient ash from three Mt. St. Helens eruptions has revealed a consistent picture of the mineralogical and elemental ...

Briant L. Davis; L. Ronald Johnson; Dana T. Griffen; William Revell Phillips; Robert K. Stevens; David Maughan

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

EA-1874: Department of Energy Loan Guarantee to NRG Energy, Inc. for the St. Lucie County Plasma Energy Project  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal to provide a DOE loan guarantee to NRG Energy, Inc., for the St. Lucie County Plasma Energy Project in Florida.

449

A Diagnostic Examination of Consecutive Extreme Cool-Season Precipitation Events at St. Johns, Newfoundland, in December 2008  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

St. Johns, Newfoundland, Canada (CYYT), is frequently affected by extreme precipitation events, particularly in the cool season (OctoberApril). Previous work classified precipitation events at CYYT into categories by precipitation amount and a ...

Shawn M. Milrad; Eyad H. Atallah; John R. Gyakum

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Synoptic Typing of Extreme Cool-Season Precipitation Events at St. Johns, Newfoundland, 19792005  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Quantitative precipitation forecasting (QPF) continues to be a significant challenge in operational forecasting, particularly in regions susceptible to extreme precipitation events. St. Johns, Newfoundland, Canada (CYYT), is affected frequently ...

Shawn M. Milrad; Eyad H. Atallah; John R. Gyakum

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

The effect of anthropogenic development on sediment loading to bays on St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to assess the impact of anthropogenic development on sediment delivery rates to bays on St. John, U.S.V.I., I developed a sediment loading prediction model. Based on the modified universal soil loss equation, this ...

McCreery, Helen F

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Designing Soybeans for the 21st Century MarketsChapter 6 Identification of Genes that Mediate Protection against Soybean Pathogens  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Designing Soybeans for the 21st Century Markets Chapter 6 Identification of Genes that Mediate Protection against Soybean Pathogens Food Science Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Biofuels - Bioproducts eChapters Food Science & Technolo

453

Designing Soybeans for the 21st Century MarketsChapter 14 Use of Biotechnology to Enhance Soy Protein Ingredients  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Designing Soybeans for the 21st Century Markets Chapter 14 Use of Biotechnology to Enhance Soy Protein Ingredients Food Science Biochemistry Processing Biofuels - Bioproducts eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Bio

454

Designing Soybeans for the 21st Century MarketsChapter 8 Biological Mechanisms that Influence Soy Protein Concentration and Composition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Designing Soybeans for the 21st Century Markets Chapter 8 Biological Mechanisms that Influence Soy Protein Concentration and Composition Biofuels and Bioproducts and Biodiesel Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Biofu

455

T ti E St S tTetiaroa Energy Storage System Estimated ZBB Zinc Bromide Battery Performance and Costs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

T ti E St S tTetiaroa Energy Storage System Estimated ZBB Zinc Bromide Battery Performance and Costs Prull / KammenPrull / Kammen Renewable and Appropriate Energy Lab, UC Berkeley 7/26/2010 http

Kammen, Daniel M.

456

Designing Soybeans for the 21st Century MarketsChapter 11 Modern Breeding Approaches to Enhancing Soy Protein Quality  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Designing Soybeans for the 21st Century Markets Chapter 11 Modern Breeding Approaches to Enhancing Soy Protein Quality Biofuels and Bioproducts and Biodiesel Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Biofuels - Bioproducts

457

RiPed_By_ILookImager*p* #e?**??i /ft*rp-A,dST?L ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

RiPed_By_ILookImager*p*?#e?**??i /ft*rp-A,dST?L*6?ɢ??O? 42^*a ? ????l*ex?fA7???*?4TE?u\\??X ...

2005-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

458

Synthesis and crystal structure of [(C{sub 7}H{sub 10}N){sub 2}]{sup 2+} [Sb{sub 2}Cl{sub 8}]{sup 2-1}  

SciTech Connect

The reaction of 2,6-dimethylpyridine with SbCl{sub 3} and HCl affords the title compound, the structure of which is ascertained by X-ray diffraction. The unit cell consists of one bridged Sb{sub 2}Cl{sub 8}{sup 2-} anion and two 2,6-dimethylpyridinium cations. The trivalent antimony ion is bonded not only directly to chlorine anions, but also is coordinated with chlorine anions by secondary bonds. In the crystal, there exists infinite coordinated chains of [Sb{sub 2}Cl{sub 8}]{sub n}{sup 2n-} anions running along the a axis, which link 2,6-dimethylpyridinium cations by N-H-Cl hydrogen bonds.

Guo Yun, E-mail: apharm@sina.com; Zhang Miao [Zhejiang University of Technology, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences (China); Shen Liang [Hangzhou Normal University, College of Material Chemistry and Chemical Engineering (China); Jin Yingying; Jin Zhimin [Zhejiang University of Technology, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences (China)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

459

Molecular Beam Epitaxial Growth of Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 Topological Insulators on GaAs (111) Substrates: A Potential Route to Fabricate Topological Insulator p-n Junction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High quality Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 topological insulators films were epitaxially grown on GaAs (111) substrate using solid source molecular beam epitaxy. Their growth and behavior on both vicinal and non-vicinal GaAs (111) substrates were investigated by reflection high-energy electron diffraction, atomic force microscopy, x-ray diffraction, and high resolution transmission electron microscopy. It is found that non-vicinal GaAs (111) substrate is better than a vicinal substrate to provide high quality Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 films. Hall and magnetoresistance measurements indicate that p type Sb2Te3 and n type Bi2Te3 topological insulator films can be directly grown on a GaAs (111) substrate, which may pave a way to fabricate topological insulator p-n junction on the same substrate, compatible with the fabrication process of present semiconductor optoelectronic devices.

Zhaoquan Zeng; Timothy A. Morgan; Dongsheng Fan; Chen Li; Yusuke Hirono; Xian Hu; Yanfei Zhao; Joon Sue Lee; Zhiming M. Wang; Jian Wang; Shuiqing Yu; Michael E. Hawkridge; Mourad Benamara; Gregory J. Salamo

2013-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

460

1st  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(a) (a) OECD ................................................ 23.17 23.23 23.99 24.73 24.84 25.00 25.23 25.55 25.83 26.00 26.25 26.69 23.78 25.16 26.19 U.S. (50 States) ............................. 11.70 12.06 12.61 12.88 13.07 13.33 13.52 13.83 13.98 14.21 14.34 14.55 12.32 13.44 14.27 Canada .......................................... 4.12 3.87 4.21 4.48 4.32 4.27 4.34 4.51 4.58 4.55 4.66 4.86 4.17 4.36 4.66 Mexico ............................................ 2.93 2.89 2.88 2.91 2.82 2.79 2.76 2.74 2.68 2.68 2.72 2.70 2.90 2.78 2.69 North Sea (b) ................................. 2.94 2.89 2.74 2.89 3.07 3.04 3.01 2.91 3.03 2.99 2.94 3.02 2.86 3.01 2.99 Other OECD .................................. 1.48 1.53 1.54 1.57 1.56 1.56 1.59 1.56 1.56 1.57 1.59 1.57 1.53 1.57 1.57 Non-OECD ........................................