Property:Technology Nameplate Capacity (MW) | Open Energy Information
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Property:Device Nameplate Capacity (MW) | Open Energy Information
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U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Informationmonthly gasoline price toStocks 2009CubicAnalysisYear Jan
Jacobi Sum Matrices Sam Vandervelde
Vandervelde, Sam
Jacobi Sum Matrices Sam Vandervelde Abstract. In this article we identify several beautiful properties of Jacobi sums that become evident when these numbers are organized as a matrix and studied via the tools of linear algebra. In the process we reconsider a convention employed in computing Jacobi sum
Debt extension on small project yields real savings
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70 MW Idaho Falls Bulb Turbine Project, nameplate capacity 27 MW DworshakClearwater Small Hydro Power, nameplate capacity 5.4 MW Rocky Brook of Mason PUD No. 1, nameplate...
Summing Planar Bosonic Open Strings
Bardakci, Korkut
2006-02-16
In earlier work, planar graphs of massless {phi}{sup 3} theory were summed with the help of the light cone world sheet picture and the mean field approximation. In the present article, the same methods are applied to the problem of summing planar bosonic open strings. They find that in the ground state of the system, string boundaries form a condensate on the world sheet, and a new string emerges from this summation. Its slope is always greater than the initial slope, and it remains non-zero even when the initial slope is set equal to zero. If they assume the initial string tends to a field a theory in the zero slope limit, this result provides evidence for string formation in field theory.
Capacity Markets for Electricity
Creti, Anna; Fabra, Natalia
2004-01-01
and design of electricity capacity markets. Our work has twoMarkets for Electricity capacity markets, and so, when thesemain features of electricity capacity markets. We have used
Gauss Sum Factorization with Cold Atoms
Gilowski, M.; Wendrich, T.; Mueller, T.; Ertmer, W.; Rasel, E. M. [Institut fuer Quantenoptik, Leibniz Universitaet Hannover, Welfengarten 1, D-30167 Hannover (Germany); Jentsch, Ch. [Astrium GmbH-Satellites, 88039 Friedrichshafen (Germany); Schleich, W. P. [Institut fuer Quantenphysik, Universitaet Ulm, Albert-Einstein-Allee 11, D-89081 Ulm (Germany)
2008-01-25
We report the first implementation of a Gauss sum factorization algorithm by an internal state Ramsey interferometer using cold atoms. A sequence of appropriately designed light pulses interacts with an ensemble of cold rubidium atoms. The final population in the involved atomic levels determines a Gauss sum. With this technique we factor the number N=263193.
The generalized GDH sum for He-3
Karl Slifer
2004-06-02
The Burkhardt-Cottingham, Bjorken and generalized GDH sum rules are all consequences of the Q^2-dependent dispersion relations for the virtual photon Compton amplitudes. These integrals are investigated for a He-3 target at low Q^2.
J. S. Dowker
2015-07-07
The finite sums of powers of cosecs occur in numerous situations, both physical and mathematical, examples being the Casimir effect, Renyi entropy, Verlinde's formula and Dedekind sums. I here present some further discussion which consists mainly of a reprise of early work by H.M.Jeffery in 1862-64 which has fallen by the wayside and whose results are being reproduced up to the present day. The motivation is partly historical justice and partly that, because of the continuing appearance of the sums, his particular methods deserve re--exposure. For example, simple trigonometric generating functions are found and these have a field theoretic, Green function significance and I make a few comments in the topic of R\\'enyi entropies.
Physics 214 Winter 2013 The Poisson sum formula
California at Santa Cruz, University of
Physics 214 Winter 2013 The Poisson sum formula The Poisson sum formula takes on a number will use this version of the Poisson sum formula in solving problem 14.13 of Jackson. To prove this formula sum formula is as follows. Given a function f(t) and its Fourier transform, F() - eit f(t)dt , (7
Physics 214 Winter 2013 The Poisson sum formula
California at Santa Cruz, University of
Physics 214 Winter 2013 The Poisson sum formula The Poisson sum formula takes on a number of di will use this version of the Poisson sum formula in solving problem 14.13 of Jackson. To prove this formula the desired result announced in eq. (1). Actually, the most common form for the Poisson sum formula
Sums in linear algebraic lambda-calculus
Díaz-Caro, Alejandro
2010-01-01
In this paper we define the confluent additive fragment of the linear-algebraic lambda-calculus. We also define a fine-grained type system which includes sums of types as a reflection of those in the terms. After proving the subject reduction and strong normalisation properties, we study the role of sums within the calculus by interpreting our system into System F with pairs. We show that this calculus can be interpreted as System F with an associative and commutative pair constructor, which is distributive under application.
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
refinery as of January 1, 2006 Tables 1 Number and Capacity of Operable Petroleum Refineries by PAD District and State as of January 1, 2006 PDF 2 Production Capacity of...
Shannon Capacity Ramsey Numbers
Radziszowski, Stanislaw P.
Shannon Capacity Ramsey Numbers Old links between Shannon and Ramsey New links between Shannon and Ramsey Bounds on Shannon Capacity and Ramsey Numbers from Product of Graphs Xiaodong Xu1 Stanislaw Institute of Technology, NY, USA March 2014 1/24 #12;Shannon Capacity Ramsey Numbers Old links between
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Capacity Building Because public health agencies must maintain the resources to respond to public health challenges, critical situations and emergencies, the Oak Ridge Institute...
Sum-Rate Optimal Power Policies for Energy Harvesting Transmitters in an Interference Channel
Tutuncuoglu, Kaya
2011-01-01
This paper considers a two-user Gaussian interference channel with energy harvesting transmitters. Different than conventional battery powered wireless nodes, energy harvesting transmitters have to adapt transmission to availability of energy at a particular instant. In this setting, the optimal power allocation problem to maximize sum throughput within a given deadline is formulated. The convergence of the proposed iterative coordinate descent method for the problem is proved and the short-term throughput maximizing offline power allocation policy is found. Examples for interference regions with known sum capacities are given with directional water-filling interpretations when possible. Next, stochastic data arrivals are addressed. Finally online and/or distributed near-optimal policies are proposed. Performance of the proposed algorithms are demonstrated through simulations.
Comaskey, Brian J. (Walnut Creek, CA); Scheibner, Karl F. (Tracy, CA); Ault, Earl R. (Livermore, CA)
2007-05-01
The heat capacity laser concept is extended to systems in which the heat capacity lasing media is a liquid. The laser active liquid is circulated from a reservoir (where the bulk of the media and hence waste heat resides) through a channel so configured for both optical pumping of the media for gain and for light amplification from the resulting gain.
Sahin, Cenk
2012-08-31
In this work we compute the capacities and the pragmatic capacities of military-standard shaped-offset quadrature phase-shift keying (SOQPSK-MIL) and aeronautical telemetry SOQPSK (SOQPSK-TG). In the pragmatic approach, SOQPSK is treated as a...
Babac, Gulru; Reese, Jason M.
2014-05-15
We present a “Knudsen heat capacity” as a more appropriate and useful fluid property in micro/nanoscale gas systems than the constant pressure heat capacity. At these scales, different fluid processes come to the fore that are not normally observed at the macroscale. For thermodynamic analyses that include these Knudsen processes, using the Knudsen heat capacity can be more effective and physical. We calculate this heat capacity theoretically for non-ideal monatomic and diatomic gases, in particular, helium, nitrogen, and hydrogen. The quantum modification for para and ortho hydrogen is also considered. We numerically model the Knudsen heat capacity using molecular dynamics simulations for the considered gases, and compare these results with the theoretical ones.
Scattering and; Delay, Scale, and Sum Migration
Lehman, S K
2011-07-06
How do we see? What is the mechanism? Consider standing in an open field on a clear sunny day. In the field are a yellow dog and a blue ball. From a wave-based remote sensing point of view the sun is a source of radiation. It is a broadband electromagnetic source which, for the purposes of this introduction, only the visible spectrum is considered (approximately 390 to 750 nanometers or 400 to 769 TeraHertz). The source emits an incident field into the known background environment which, for this example, is free space. The incident field propagates until it strikes an object or target, either the yellow dog or the blue ball. The interaction of the incident field with an object results in a scattered field. The scattered field arises from a mis-match between the background refractive index, considered to be unity, and the scattering object refractive index ('yellow' for the case of the dog, and 'blue' for the ball). This is also known as an impedance mis-match. The scattering objects are referred to as secondary sources of radiation, that radiation being the scattered field which propagates until it is measured by the two receivers known as 'eyes'. The eyes focus the measured scattered field to form images which are processed by the 'wetware' of the brain for detection, identification, and localization. When time series representations of the measured scattered field are available, the image forming focusing process can be mathematically modeled by delayed, scaled, and summed migration. This concept of optical propagation, scattering, and focusing have one-to-one equivalents in the acoustic realm. This document is intended to present the basic concepts of scalar scattering and migration used in wide band wave-based remote sensing and imaging. The terms beamforming and (delayed, scaled, and summed) migration are used interchangeably but are to be distinguished from the narrow band (frequency domain) beamforming to determine the direction of arrival of a signal, and seismic migration in which wide band time series are shifted but not to form images per se. Section 3 presents a mostly graphically-based motivation and summary of delay, scale, and sum beamforming. The model for incident field propagation in free space is derived in Section 4 under specific assumptions. General object scattering is derived in Section 5 and simplified under the Born approximation in Section 6. The model of this section serves as the basis in the derivation of time-domain migration. The Foldy-Lax, full point scatterer scattering, method is derived in Section 7. With the previous forward models in hand, delay, scale, and sum beamforming is derived in Section 8. Finally, proof-of-principle experiments are present in Section 9.
Forward capacity market CONEfusion
Wilson, James F.
2010-11-15
In ISO New England and PJM it was assumed that sponsors of new capacity projects would offer them into the newly established forward centralized capacity markets at prices based on their levelized net cost of new entry, or ''Net CONE.'' But the FCCMs have not operated in the way their proponents had expected. To clear up the CONEfusion, FCCM designs should be reconsidered to adapt them to the changing circumstances and to be grounded in realistic expectations of market conduct. (author)
Stochastic capacity modeling to support demand/capacity gap planning
Niles, Augusta (Augusta L.)
2014-01-01
Capacity strategy has established methods of dealing with uncertainty in future demand. This project advances the concept of capacity strategy under conditions of uncertainty in cases where capacity is the primary source ...
On irrationality and transcendency of infinite sums of rational numbers
Tijdeman, Robert
On irrationality and transcendency of infinite sums of rational numbers R. Tijdeman Abstract the irrationality and transcendency of sums n=1 nf(n) where Q, f(x) Q(x) such that f(n) is defined for all(n) where P(x), Q(x) Z[x]. We give conditions under which such a sum is irrational and under which
Dual capacity reciprocating compressor
Wolfe, Robert W. (Wilkinsburg, PA)
1984-01-01
A multi-cylinder compressor 10 particularly useful in connection with northern climate heat pumps and in which different capacities are available in accordance with reversing motor 16 rotation is provided with an eccentric cam 38 on a crank pin 34 under a fraction of the connecting rods, and arranged for rotation upon the crank pin between opposite positions 180.degree. apart so that with cam rotation on the crank pin such that the crank throw is at its normal maximum value all pistons pump at full capacity, and with rotation of the crank shaft in the opposite direction the cam moves to a circumferential position on the crank pin such that the overall crank throw is zero. Pistons 24 whose connecting rods 30 ride on a crank pin 36 without a cam pump their normal rate with either crank rotational direction. Thus a small clearance volume is provided for any piston that moves when in either capacity mode of operation.
Dual capacity reciprocating compressor
Wolfe, R.W.
1984-10-30
A multi-cylinder compressor particularly useful in connection with northern climate heat pumps and in which different capacities are available in accordance with reversing motor rotation is provided with an eccentric cam on a crank pin under a fraction of the connecting rods, and arranged for rotation upon the crank pin between opposite positions 180[degree] apart so that with cam rotation on the crank pin such that the crank throw is at its normal maximum value all pistons pump at full capacity, and with rotation of the crank shaft in the opposite direction the cam moves to a circumferential position on the crank pin such that the overall crank throw is zero. Pistons whose connecting rods ride on a crank pin without a cam pump their normal rate with either crank rotational direction. Thus a small clearance volume is provided for any piston that moves when in either capacity mode of operation. 6 figs.
Geothermal Plant Capacity Factors
Greg Mines; Jay Nathwani; Christopher Richard; Hillary Hanson; Rachel Wood
2015-01-01
The capacity factors recently provided by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) indicated this plant performance metric had declined for geothermal power plants since 2008. Though capacity factor is a term commonly used by geothermal stakeholders to express the ability of a plant to produce power, it is a term frequently misunderstood and in some instances incorrectly used. In this paper we discuss how this capacity factor is defined and utilized by the EIA, including discussion on the information that the EIA requests from operations in their 923 and 860 forms that are submitted both monthly and annually by geothermal operators. A discussion is also provided regarding the entities utilizing the information in the EIA reports, and how those entities can misinterpret the data being supplied by the operators. The intent of the paper is to inform the facility operators as the importance of the accuracy of the data that they provide, and the implications of not providing the correct information.
Gauss Optics and Gauss Sum on an Optical Phenomena
Shigeki Matsutani
2008-07-12
In the previous article (Found Phys. Lett. {\\bf{16}} 325-341), we showed that a reciprocity of the Gauss sums is connected with the wave and particle complementary. In this article, we revise the previous investigation by considering a relation between the Gauss optics and the Gauss sum based upon the recent studies of the Weil representation for a finite group.
On Sum--Connectivity Index of Bicyclic Graphs
Du, Zhibin
2009-01-01
We determine the minimum sum--connectivity index of bicyclic graphs with $n$ vertices and matching number $m$, where $2\\le m\\le \\lfloor\\frac{n}{2}\\rfloor$, the minimum and the second minimum, as well as the maximum and the second maximum sum--connectivity indices of bicyclic graphs with $n\\ge 5$ vertices. The extremal graphs are characterized.
Sum Rules and Cutoff Effects in Wilson Lattice QCD
Harvey B. Meyer
2006-09-06
We use the transfer matrix formalism to derive non-perturbative sum rules in Wilson's lattice QCD with N_f flavours of quarks. The discretization errors on these identities are treated in detail. As an application, it is shown how the sum rules can be exploited to give improved estimates of the continuum spectrum and static potential.
Perturbative Check of the Action and Energy Lattice Sum Rules
B. Feuerbacher
2003-09-04
Lattice sum rules are checked using lattice perturbation theory. The action sum rule gives a relation between the quark-antiquark potential, its logarithmic derivative with respect to distance and the expectation value of the action; the energy sum rule expresses the potential as the sum of the energy in the gluon fields and of an anomalous term. Two different independent calculations of the quark-antiquark potential are presented, and the transversality of the gluonic vacuum polarization on the lattice is proven. The crucial part of the action sum rule is an identity whose explicit check using perturbation theory provides methods and results which are useful for checking the energy sum rule. Additionally, the gauge invariance of the expectation value of the Wilson loop up to next-to-leading order is proven. The possibility of restricting the expectation value of the action to one fixed time slice is discussed. The energy sum rule is checked perturbatively up to next-to-leading order and shown to be satisfied with good numerical accuracy. The various contributions to the quark-antiquark potential are analyzed, and the restriction of the expectation value of the sum over all spatial plaquettes (the energy in the magnetic fields) to one fixed time slice is examined.
California at Davis, University of
Capacity Demand Power (GW) Hour of the Day The "Dip" Electricity Demand in Electricity Demand Every weekday, Japan's electricity use dips about 6 GW at 12 but it also shows that: · Behavior affects naHonal electricity use in unexpected ways
Seventh Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan nwcouncil.org/7thplan 9-1
and Tables Figure 9 - 1: Pacific Northwest Electricity Power Supply Installed Nameplate Capacity.................. 6 Figure 9 - 3: Generating Additions and Retirements (Installed Capacity.........................................................................................................................................20 Solar
Winter, J.M.
1994-09-01
The SP-100 program was established in 1983 by DOD, DOE, and NASA as a joint program to develop the technology necessary for space nuclear power systems for military and civil application. During FY86 and 87, the NASA SP-100 Advanced Technology Program was devised to maintain the momentum of promising technology advancement efforts started during Phase I of SP-100 and to strengthen, in key areas, the chances for successful development and growth capability of space nuclear reactor power systems for future space applications. In FY88, the Advanced Technology Program was incorporated into NASA`s new Civil Space Technology Initiative (CSTI). The CSTI Program was established to provide the foundation for technology development in automation and robotics, information, propulsion, and power. The CSTI High Capacity Power Program builds on the technology efforts of the SP-100 program, incorporates the previous NASA SP-100 Advanced Technology project, and provides a bridge to NASA Project Pathfinder. The elements of CSTI High Capacity Power development include Conversion Systems, Thermal Management, Power Management, System Diagnostics, and Environmental Interactions. Technology advancement in all areas, including materials, is required to assure the high reliability and 7 to 10 year lifetime demanded for future space nuclear power systems. The overall program will develop and demonstrate the technology base required to provide a wide range of modular power systems as well as allowing mission independence from solar and orbital attitude requirements. Several recent advancements in CSTI High Capacity power development will be discussed.
Third-frequency-moment sum rule for electronic multilayers
Lu, Dexin [Department for Intensive Instruction, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, People's Republic of China (China)] [Department for Intensive Instruction, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, People's Republic of China (China); Golden, Kenneth I. [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Department of Physics, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05401-1455 (United States)] [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Department of Physics, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05401-1455 (United States)
2000-01-01
The authors establish the third-frequency-moment sum rules for the density-density response matrix of electronic multilayer structures modeled as an array of N parallel two-dimensional (2D) electron-plasma monolayers. Layer densities and spacings between adjacent layers need not be equal. Contact is made with previously established sum rules for the isolated 2D electron liquid and type-1 infinite superlattices. The case of the equal-density bilayer is considered and its third frequency-moment-sum-rules for the in-phase and out-of-phase inverse dielectric functions are formulated. (c) 2000 The American Physical Society.
OPTIMIZING OF SUMS AND PRODUCTS OF LINEAR FRACTIONAL FUNCTIONS
OPTIMIZING OF SUMS AND PRODUCTS OF LINEAR FRACTIONAL FUNCTIONS UNDER LINEAR CONSTRAINTS JOACHIM of two linear fractional functions under linear constraints. Results of computational experiments. Fractional programming, composite objective functions, linear fractional functions, Charnes
A method of Weil sum in multivariate quadratic cryptosystem
Harayama, Tomohiro
2007-09-17
A new cryptanalytic application is proposed for a number theoretic tool Weil sum to the birthday attack against multivariate quadratic trapdoor function. This new customization of the birthday attack is developed by ...
Charm and bottom hadronic form factors with QCD sum rules
Bracco, M. E.; Rodrigues, B. O.; Cerqueira, A. Jr.
2013-03-25
We present a brief review of some calculations of form factors and coupling constants in vertices with charm and bottom mesons in the framework of QCD sum rules. We first discuss the motivation for this work, describing possible applications of these form factors to charm and bottom decays processes. We first make a summarize of the QCD sum rules method. We give special attention to the uncertainties of the method introducing by the intrinsic variation of the parameters. Finally we conclude.
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired SolarAbout / Transforming Y-12Capacity-Forum Sign In About | Careers |
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices1Markets160Product:7a. Space5,168Capacity Report
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices1Markets160Product:7a. Space5,168Capacity Report5
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices1Markets160Product:7a. Space5,168Capacity
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices1Markets160Product:7a. Space5,168Capacity Operable
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices1Markets160Product:7a. Space5,168Capacity
A Bayesian analysis of the nucleon QCD sum rules
Keisuke Ohtani; Philipp Gubler; Makoto Oka
2011-10-03
QCD sum rules of the nucleon channel are reanalyzed, using the maximum entropy method (MEM). This new approach, based on the Bayesian probability theory, does not restrict the spectral function to the usual "pole + continuum"-form, allowing a more flexible investigation of the nucleon spectral function. Making use of this flexibility, we are able to investigate the spectral functions of various interpolating fields, finding that the nucleon ground state mainly couples to an operator containing a scalar diquark. Moreover, we formulate the Gaussian sum rule for the nucleon channel and find that it is more suitable for the MEM analysis to extract the nucleon pole in the region of its experimental value, while the Borel sum rule does not contain enough information to clearly separate the nucleon pole from the continuum.
Finite Temperature Sum Rules in Lattice Gauge Theory
Harvey B. Meyer
2007-11-05
We derive non-perturbative sum rules in SU($N$) lattice gauge theory at finite temperature. They relate the susceptibilities of the trace anomaly and energy-momentum tensor to temperature derivatives of the thermodynamic potentials. Two of them have been derived previously in the continuum and one is new. In all cases, at finite latttice spacing there are important corrections to the continuum sum rules that are only suppressed by the bare coupling $g_0^2$. We also show how the discretization errors affecting the thermodynamic potentials can be controlled by computing these susceptibilities.
Two Different Approaches to Nonzero-Sum Stochastic Differential Games
Rainer, Catherine [Departement de Mathematiques, Universite de Bretagne Occidentale, 6 avenue Victor-le-Gorgeu - CS 93837 (France)], E-mail: Catherine.Rainer@univ-brest.fr
2007-06-15
We make the link between two approaches to Nash equilibria for nonzero-sum stochastic differential games: the first one using backward stochastic differential equations and the second one using strategies with delay. We prove that, when both exist, the two notions of Nash equilibria coincide.
Finite Energy Sum Rules with Legendre Polynomial Kernels
J. Bordes; J. A. Peñarrocha
2015-09-05
In this note we report about a method to deal with finite energy sum rules. With a reasonable knowledge of the main resonances of the spectrum, the method guarantees that we can find a nice duality matching between the low energy hadronic data and asymptotic QCD at high energies.
Computing Partial Eigenvalue Sum in Electronic Structure Calculations
Bai, Zhaojun
and CPU time. In the application of electronic structure calculations in molecular dynamics, the newComputing Partial Eigenvalue Sum in Electronic Structure Calculations Z. Bai M. Faheyy G. Golubz M where computation of the total energy of an electronic structure requires the evaluation of partial
Renormalisation Group Corrections to Neutrino Mass Sum Rules
Gehrlein, Julia; Spinrath, Martin
2015-01-01
Neutrino mass sum rules are an important class of predictions in flavour models relating the Majorana phases to the neutrino masses. This leads, for instance, to enormous restrictions on the effective mass as probed in experiments on neutrinoless double beta decay. While up to now these sum rules have in practically all cases been taken to hold exactly, we will go here beyond that. After a discussion of the types of corrections that could possibly appear and elucidating on the theory behind neutrino mass sum rules, we estimate and explicitly compute the impact of radiative corrections, as these appear in general and thus hold for whole groups of models. We discuss all neutrino mass sum rules currently present in the literature, which together have realisations in more than 50 explicit neutrino flavour models. We find that, while the effect of the renormalisation group running can be visible, the qualitative features do not change. This finding strongly backs up the solidity of the predictions derived in the l...
On efficient estimation of densities for sums of squared observations
Schick, Anton
On efficient estimation of densities for sums of squared observations Anton Schick and Wolfgang for each i = 1, . . . , m. Under appropriate functional versions of these conditions, Schick and Wefelmeyer function spaces. The research of Anton Schick was partially supported by NSF Grant DMS 0906551. 1 #12
A Wave Analysis of the Subset Sum Problem Mark Jelasity
Jelasity, Márk
A Wave Analysis of the Subset Sum Problem M´ark Jelasity Research Group of Artificial Intelligence the wave model, a novel approach on analyzing the behavior of GAs. Our aim is to give techniques that have and effective heuristics on certain problem classes. The wave analysis is the process of building wave models
Finite Energy Sum Rules with Legendre Polynomial Kernels
Bordes, J
2015-01-01
In this note we report about a method to deal with finite energy sum rules. With a reasonable knowledge of the main resonances of the spectrum, the method guarantees that we can find a nice duality matching between the low energy hadronic data and asymptotic QCD at high energies.
CAPACITY BUILDING ACTIVITIES Public Health
Hill, Wendell T.
CAPACITY BUILDING ACTIVITIES School of Public Health Dean Principal Investigator Community Advisory System Faculty & Students School of Public Health Faculty & Students Prince George's County Washington, D.C. Community Members Practitioners, Residents and Public Health Professionals Research Projects Forum (CAC
Re-evaluation of the Gottfried sum using neural networks
Riccardo Abbate; Stefano Forte
2005-11-18
We provide a determination of the Gottfried sum from all available data, based on a neural network parametrization of the nonsinglet structure function F_2. We find S_G=0.244 +- 0.045, closer to the quark model expectation S_G=1/3 than previous results. We show that the uncertainty from the small x region is somewhat underestimated in previous determinations.
The Continuous Time Nonzero-sum Dynkin Game and Applications.
Vermet, Franck
-sum Dunkin game and a NEP for the game is just a saddle point for the ZSDG. It satisfies: 1, 2, J1( 1, 2) J = 1, 2 is a NEP for the NZSDG. 6 #12;B. The probabilistic approach (Etourn., 86) Theorem: The processes are general and sat- isfy [H1]-[H2]. Then the NZSDG has a NEP. The proof uses the notion of Snell
ON THE DISTRIBUTION OF THE SUM OF n NON-IDENTICALLY DISTRIBUTED UNIFORM RANDOM VARIABLES
Bradley, David
ON THE DISTRIBUTION OF THE SUM OF n NON-IDENTICALLY DISTRIBUTED UNIFORM RANDOM distribution, probability density, convolution, * *Fourier transform, sine integrals. Abstract. The distribution of the sum of independent identically distributed * *uniform random variables is well
Spectroscopy: Answering Fundamental Questions for Environmental Chemistry DISSERTATION Presented in Partial sum frequency generation (VSFG) and heterodyne-detected vibrational sum frequency generation (HD a series of systematic studies. Results indicate that the ion-induced interfacial electric field
Sum rules and short-range correlations in nuclear matter at finite temperature
T. Frick; H. Müther; A. Polls
2004-01-09
The nucleon spectral function in nuclear matter fulfills an energy weighted sum rule. Comparing two different realistic potential, these sum rules are studied for Green's functions that are derived self-consistently within the $T$ matrix approximation at finite temperature.
GENERALIZED PLUMBINGS AND MURASUGI SUMS BURAK OZBAGCI AND PATRICK POPESCU-PAMPU
Ozbagci, Burak
manifolds of arbitrary dimensions, so that in this general context Gabai's credo "the Murasugi sum the general philosophy behind such results by the credo "Murasugi sum is a natural geometric operation allows one to extend the classical operation of Murasugi sum, such that Gabai's credo still holds. Our
UNIT SUM NUMBERS OF RIGHT SELF-INJECTIVE RINGS DINESH KHURANA AND ASHISH K. SRIVASTAVA
Srivastava, Ashish K.
UNIT SUM NUMBERS OF RIGHT SELF-INJECTIVE RINGS DINESH KHURANA AND ASHISH K. SRIVASTAVA Dedicated of a right self-injective ring R is a sum of two units if and only if R has no factor ring isomorphic to Z2 and hence the unit sum number of a nonzero right self- injective ring is 2, or . In this paper we
Study of spin sum rules (and the strong coupling constant at large distances)
A. Deur
2009-07-20
We present recent results from Jefferson Lab on sum rules related to the spin structure of the nucleon. We then discuss how the Bjorken sum rule, with its connection to the Gerasimov-Drell-Hearn sum, allows us to conveniently define an effective coupling for the strong force at all distances.
Worldwide Energy Efficiency Action through Capacity Building...
Worldwide Energy Efficiency Action through Capacity Building and Training (WEACT) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Worldwide Energy Efficiency Action through Capacity Building and...
Sergii Strelchuk; Jonathan Oppenheim
2012-07-04
There are only two known kinds of zero-capacity channels. The first kind produces entangled states that have positive partial transpose, and the second one - states that are cloneable. We consider the family of 'hybrid' quantum channels, which lies in the intersection of the above classes of channels and investigate its properties. It gives rise to the first explicit examples of the channels, which create bound entangled states that have the property of being cloneable to the arbitrary finite number of parties. Hybrid channels provide the first example of highly cloneable binding entanglement channels, for which known superactivation protocols must fail - superactivation is the effect where two channels each with zero quantum capacity having positive capacity when used together. We give two methods to construct a hybrid channel from any binding entanglement channel. We also find the low-dimensional counterparts of hybrid states - bipartite qubit states which are extendible and possess two-way key.
Justifying the Naive Partonic Sum Rule for Proton Spin
Xiangdong Ji; Jian-Hui Zhang; Yong Zhao
2015-03-11
We provide a theoretical basis for understanding the spin structure of the proton in terms of the spin and orbital angular momenta of free quarks and gluons in Feynman's parton picture. We show that each term in the Jaffe-Manohar spin sum rule can be related to the matrix element of a gauge-invariant, but frame-dependent operator through a matching formula in large-momentum effective field theory. We present all the matching conditions for the spin content at one-loop order in perturbation theory, which provide a basis to calculate parton orbital angular momentum in lattice QCD at leading logarithmic accuracy.
Justifying the naive partonic sum rule for proton spin
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Ji, Xiangdong; Zhang, Jian-Hui; Zhao, Yong
2015-04-01
We provide a theoretical basis for understanding the spin structure of the proton in terms of the spin and orbital angular momenta of free quarks and gluons in Feynman’s parton picture. We show that each term in the Jaffe–Manohar spin sum rule can be related to the matrix element of a gauge-invariant, but frame-dependent operator through a matching formula in large-momentum effective field theory. We present all the matching conditions for the spin content at one-loop order in perturbation theory, which provide a basis to calculate parton orbital angular momentum in lattice QCD at leading logarithmic accuracy.
Is the Coulomb sum rule violated in nuclei?
J. Morgenstern; Z. E. Meziani
2001-06-26
Guided by the experimental confirmation of the validity of the Effective Momentum Approximation (EMA) in quasi-elastic scattering off nuclei, we have re-examined the extraction of the longitudinal and transverse response functions in medium-weight and heavy nuclei. In the EMA we have performed a Rosenbluth separation of the available world data on $^{40}$Ca, $^{48}$Ca, $^{56}$Fe, $^{197}$Au, $^{208}$Pb and $^{238}$U. We find that the longitudinal response function for these nuclei is "quenched" and that the Coulomb sum is not saturated, at odds with claims in the literature.
Factory capacity limits Machine dependencies
Foley, Simon
Factory capacity limits Machine dependencies Employee scheduling Raw material availability Other internal operations (and also possibly the actions of other suppliers that supply raw materials) and at an international workshop at the multi-agent conference (AAMAS'06). Manufacturer Customer demand Penalties for non
Constrained capacity of MIMO Rayleigh fading channels
He, Wenyan
2011-08-08
though) as the deflnition of outage capacity in (2.4). Telatar conjectured that the optimal input covariance matrix Q is a diagonal matrix with the power equally shared among a subset of the transmit antennas [1]. Furthermore, the higher the rate... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 B. Outage Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 III PSK CONSTRAINED MIMO CAPACITY : : : : : : : : : : : : 13 A. PSK Constrained MIMO Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 1. The Covariance Matrix...
Online Capacity Identification of Multitier Websites Using
Xu, Cheng-Zhong
to resource contention and algorithmic overhead for load management [15]. Knowledge about the server capacity
Direct Sum Theorem for Bounded Round Quantum Communication Complexity
Dave Touchette
2014-09-15
We prove a direct sum theorem for bounded round entanglement-assisted quantum communication complexity. To do so, we use the fully quantum definition for information cost and complexity that we recently introduced, and use both the fact that information is a lower bound on the communication, and the fact that a direct sum property holds for quantum information complexity. We then give a protocol for compressing a single copy of a protocol down to its quantum information cost, up to terms depending on the number of rounds and the allowed increase in error. Two important tools to derive this protocol are a smooth conditional min-entropy bound for a one-shot quantum state redistribution protocol, and the quantum substate theorem of Jain, Radhakrishnan and Sen (FOCS'02) to transform this bound into a von Neumann conditional entropy bound. This result further establishes the newly introduced notions of quantum information cost and complexity as the correct quantum generalisations of the classical ones in the standard communication complexity setting. Finding such a quantum generalization of information complexity was one of the open problem recently raised by Braverman (STOC'12).
Sum-Frequency Generation from Chiral Media and Interfaces
Ji, Na
2006-02-13
Sum frequency generation (SFG), a second-order nonlinear optical process, is electric-dipole forbidden in systems with inversion symmetry. As a result, it has been used to study chiral media and interfaces, systems intrinsically lacking inversion symmetry. This thesis describes recent progresses in the applications of and new insights into SFG from chiral media and interfaces. SFG from solutions of chiral amino acids is investigated, and a theoretical model explaining the origin and the strength of the chiral signal in electronic-resonance SFG spectroscopy is discussed. An interference scheme that allows us to distinguish enantiomers by measuring both the magnitude and the phase of the chiral SFG response is described, as well as a chiral SFG microscope producing chirality-sensitive images with sub-micron resolution. Exploiting atomic and molecular parity nonconservation, the SFG process is also used to solve the Ozma problems. Sum frequency vibrational spectroscopy is used to obtain the adsorption behavior of leucine molecules at air-water interfaces. With poly(tetrafluoroethylene) as a model system, we extend the application of this surface-sensitive vibrational spectroscopy to fluorine-containing polymers.
High capacity immobilized amine sorbents
Gray, McMahan L. (Pittsburgh, PA); Champagne, Kenneth J. (Fredericktown, PA); Soong, Yee (Monroeville, PA); Filburn, Thomas (Granby, CT)
2007-10-30
A method is provided for making low-cost CO.sub.2 sorbents that can be used in large-scale gas-solid processes. The improved method entails treating an amine to increase the number of secondary amine groups and impregnating the amine in a porous solid support. The method increases the CO.sub.2 capture capacity and decreases the cost of utilizing an amine-enriched solid sorbent in CO.sub.2 capture systems.
Study of the D*? system using QCD sum rules
Torres, A. Martínez; Khemchandani, K. P.; Nielsen, M.; Navarra, F. S.; Oset, E.
2014-11-11
In this proceeding we present a study of the D*? system made by using the method of QCD sum rules. Considering isospin and spin projectors, we investigate the different configurations and obtain three D* mesons with isospin I = 1/2, spin S = 0, 1, 2 and with masses 2500±67 MeV, 2523±60 MeV, and 2439±119 MeV, respectively. The last state can be related to D{sub 2}{sup *} (2460) (spin 2) listed by the Particle Data Group, while one of the first two might be associated with D*(2640), whose spin-parity is unknown. In the case of I = 3/2 we also find evidences of three states with spin 0, 1 and 2, respectively, with masses 2467±82 MeV, 2420±128 MeV, and 2550±56 MeV.
Sum rules of single-particle spectral functions in hot asymmetric nuclear matter
Arnau Rios; Artur Polls; Herbert Müther
2005-07-25
The neutron and proton single-particle spectral functions in asymmetric nuclear matter fulfill energy weighted sum rules. The validity of these sum rules within the self-consistent Green's function approach is investigated. The various contributions to these sum rules and their convergence as a function of energy provide information about correlations induced by the realistic interaction between the nucleons. These features are studied as a function of the asymmetry of nuclear matter.
Complex-energy approach to sum rules within nuclear density functional...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
Complex-energy approach to sum rules within nuclear density functional theory Citation Details In-Document Search This content will become publicly available on April 27, 2016...
An Identity of Ramanujan and The Representation of Integers as Sums of Triangular Numbers
____________________________________________________ All the correspondence should be sent to Prof. Zhi-Guo Liu as Sums of Triangular Numbers Zhi-Guo Liu Department
Complex-energy approach to sum rules within nuclear density functional...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
Journal Article: Complex-energy approach to sum rules within nuclear density functional theory Citation Details In-Document Search This content will become publicly available on...
Capacity Factor Risk At Nuclear Power Plants
Du, Yangbo
We develop a model of the dynamic structure of capacity factor risk. It incorporates the risk that the capacity factor may vary widely from year-to-year, and also the risk that the reactor may be permanently shutdown prior ...
Neural substrates of cognitive capacity limitations
Buschman, Tim
Cognition has a severely limited capacity: Adult humans can retain only about four items “in mind”. This limitation is fundamental to human brain function: Individual capacity is highly correlated with intelligence measures ...
On the capacity of bosonic channels
Blake, Christopher Graham
2011-01-01
The capacity of the bosonic channel with additive Gaussian noise is unknown, but there is a known lower bound that is conjectured to be the capacity. We have quantified the gap that exists between this known achievable ...
Information Capacity of Energy Harvesting Sensor Nodes
Sharma, Vinod
Information Capacity of Energy Harvesting Sensor Nodes R Rajesh CABS, DRDO Bangalore, India Email by which the harvested energy is used. We find its Shannon capacity when it is transmitting its observations over an AWGN channel and show that the capacity achieving energy management policies are related
Surface Studies of Aqueous Methanol Solutions by Vibrational Broad Bandwidth Sum Frequency methanol (CH3OH) and aqueous methanol solutions were investigated using broad bandwidth sum frequency of methanol molecules at the air-liquid interfaces of neat methanol and aqueous methanol solutions. However
A PECULIARITY OF THE WILCOXON-MANN-WHITNEY RANK-SUM TEST
A PECULIARITY OF THE WILCOXON-MANN-WHITNEY RANK-SUM TEST Scotia Canada B3H 3C3 Keywords: intransitivity, rank-sum test, Behrens-Mann-Whitney test is a test of relative location whenever the two distributions are symmetric. By con- trast
On the Distribution of the Subset Sum Pseudorandom Number Generator on Elliptic
International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)
On the Distribution of the Subset Sum Pseudorandom Number Generator on Elliptic Curves Simon R a previous result in this direction due to E. El Mahassni. 1 Introduction The knapsack generator or subset sum generator is a pseudorandom number generator introduced by Rueppel and Massey [14] and studied
Uniqueness of Gibbs Measures with Applications to Gibbs Sampling and the Sum-Product Algorithm
Tatikonda, Sekhar
Abstract Uniqueness of Gibbs Measures with Applications to Gibbs Sampling and the Sum-Product observations from finite Gibbs measures; the Sum-Product algorithm iteratively computes marginals of finite Algorithm Stephan Norbert Winkler 2007 In this thesis we examine the problem of uniqueness of Gibbs measures
Capacity Value of Concentrating Solar Power Plants
Madaeni, S. H.; Sioshansi, R.; Denholm, P.
2011-06-01
This study estimates the capacity value of a concentrating solar power (CSP) plant at a variety of locations within the western United States. This is done by optimizing the operation of the CSP plant and by using the effective load carrying capability (ELCC) metric, which is a standard reliability-based capacity value estimation technique. Although the ELCC metric is the most accurate estimation technique, we show that a simpler capacity-factor-based approximation method can closely estimate the ELCC value. Without storage, the capacity value of CSP plants varies widely depending on the year and solar multiple. The average capacity value of plants evaluated ranged from 45%?90% with a solar multiple range of 1.0-1.5. When introducing thermal energy storage (TES), the capacity value of the CSP plant is more difficult to estimate since one must account for energy in storage. We apply a capacity-factor-based technique under two different market settings: an energy-only market and an energy and capacity market. Our results show that adding TES to a CSP plant can increase its capacity value significantly at all of the locations. Adding a single hour of TES significantly increases the capacity value above the no-TES case, and with four hours of storage or more, the average capacity value at all locations exceeds 90%.
Complex-energy approach to sum rules within nuclear density functional theory
Nobuo Hinohara; Markus Kortelainen; Witold Nazarewicz; Erik Olsen
2015-01-28
The linear response of the nucleus to an external field contains unique information about the effective interaction, correlations, and properties of its excited states. To characterize the response, it is useful to use its energy-weighted moments, or sum rules. By comparing computed sum rules with experimental values, the information content of the response can be utilized in the optimization process of the nuclear Hamiltonian or EDF. But the additional information comes at a price: compared to the ground state, computation of excited states is more demanding. To establish an efficient framework to compute sum rules of the response that is adaptable to the optimization of the nuclear EDF and large-scale surveys of collective strength, we have developed a new technique within the complex-energy FAM based on the QRPA. To compute sum rules, we carry out contour integration of the response function in the complex-energy plane. We benchmark our results against the conventional matrix formulation of the QRPA theory, the Thouless theorem for the energy-weighted sum rule, and the dielectric theorem for the inverse energy-weighted sum rule. We demonstrate that calculated sum-rule values agree with those obtained from the matrix formulation of the QRPA. We also discuss the applicability of both the Thouless theorem about the energy-weighted sum rule and the dielectric theorem for the inverse energy-weighted sum rule to nuclear density functional theory in cases when the EDF is not based on a Hamiltonian. The proposed sum-rule technique based on the complex-energy FAM is a tool of choice when optimizing effective interactions or energy functionals. The method is very efficient and well-adaptable to parallel computing. The FAM formulation is especially useful when standard theorems based on commutation relations involving the nuclear Hamiltonian and external field cannot be used.
MHK Projects/Georgetown Bend | Open Energy Information
33.5735, -91.1986 Project Phase Phase 1 Project Installed Capacity (MW) 0 PermitLicense Buildout (MW) 117 Device Nameplate Capacity (MW) 40 kW Number of Devices Deployed 0...
Voluntary Initiative: Partnering to Enhance Program Capacity...
Peer Exchange Call Series: Voluntary Initiative: Partnering to Enhance Program Capacity, Call Slides and Summary, May 8, 2014. Call Slides and Summary More Documents &...
Increasing the Capacity of Existing Power Lines
2013-04-01
The capacity of the grid has been largely unchanged for decades and needs to expand to accommodate new power plants and renewable energy projects.
,"Washington Natural Gas Underground Storage Capacity (MMcf)...
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Washington Natural Gas Underground Storage Capacity (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2014 ,"Release...
Solar Energy and Capacity Value (Fact Sheet)
Not Available
2013-09-01
This is a one-page, two-sided fact sheet on the capacity of solar power to provide value to utilities and power system operators.
,"Texas Natural Gas Underground Storage Capacity (MMcf)"
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Texas Natural Gas Underground Storage Capacity (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2014 ,"Release Date:","9...
Increasing water holding capacity for irrigation
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Increasing water holding capacity for irrigation Reseachers recommend solutions for sediment trapping in irrigation system LANL and SNL leveraged technical expertise to determine...
California: Conducting Polymer Binder Boosts Storage Capacity...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
Nextval, Inc., Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) developed a Conducting Polymer Binder for high-capacity lithium-ion batteries. With a focus on enabling smaller,...
Negative thermal expansion and anomalies of heat capacity of LuB 50 at low temperatures
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Novikov, V. V.; Zhemoedov, N. A.; Matovnikov, A. V.; Mitroshenkov, N. V.; Kuznetsov, S. V.; Bud'ko, S. L.
2015-07-20
Heat capacity and thermal expansion of LuB50 boride were experimentally studied in the 2–300 K temperature range. The data reveal an anomalous contribution to the heat capacity at low temperatures. The value of this contribution is proportional to the first degree of temperature. It was identified that this anomaly in heat capacity is caused by the effect of disorder in the LuB50crystalline structure and it can be described in the soft atomic potential model (SAP). The parameters of the approximation were determined. The temperature dependence of LuB50 heat capacity in the whole temperature range was approximated by the sum ofmore »SAP contribution, Debye and two Einstein components. The parameters of SAP contribution for LuB50 were compared to the corresponding values for LuB66, which was studied earlier. Negative thermal expansion at low temperatures was experimentally observed for LuB50. The analysis of the experimental temperature dependence for the Gruneisen parameter of LuB50 suggested that the low-frequency oscillations, described in SAP mode, are responsible for the negative thermal expansion. Thus, the glasslike character of the behavior of LuB50 thermal characteristics at low temperatures was confirmed.« less
Spin Sum Rules and the Strong Coupling Constant at large distance
A. Deur
2009-06-23
We present recent results on the Bjorken and the generalized forward spin polarizability sum rules from Jefferson Lab Hall A and CLAS experiments, focusing on the low $Q^2$ part of the measurements. We then discuss the comparison of these results with Chiral Perturbation theory calculations. In the second part of this paper, we show how the Bjorken sum rule with its connection to the Gerasimov-Drell-Hearn sum, allows us to conveniently define an effective coupling for the strong force at all distances.
Analysis of Plug Load Capacities and Power Requirements in Commercial Buildings: Preprint
Sheppy, M.; Torcellini, P.; Gentile-Polese, L.
2014-08-01
Plug and process load power requirements are frequently overestimated because designers often use estimates based on 'nameplate' data, or design assumptions are high because information is not available. This generally results in oversized heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning systems; increased initial construction costs; and increased energy use caused by inefficiencies at low, part-load operation. Rightsizing of chillers in two buildings reduced whole-building energy use by 3%-4%. If an integrated design approach could enable 3% whole-building energy savings in all U.S. office buildings stock, it could save 34 TBtu of site energy per year.
North Dakota Refining Capacity Study
Dennis Hill; Kurt Swenson; Carl Tuura; Jim Simon; Robert Vermette; Gilberto Marcha; Steve Kelly; David Wells; Ed Palmer; Kuo Yu; Tram Nguyen; Juliam Migliavacca
2011-01-05
According to a 2008 report issued by the United States Geological Survey, North Dakota and Montana have an estimated 3.0 to 4.3 billion barrels of undiscovered, technically recoverable oil in an area known as the Bakken Formation. With the size and remoteness of the discovery, the question became 'can a business case be made for increasing refining capacity in North Dakota?' And, if so what is the impact to existing players in the region. To answer the question, a study committee comprised of leaders in the region's petroleum industry were brought together to define the scope of the study, hire a consulting firm and oversee the study. The study committee met frequently to provide input on the findings and modify the course of the study, as needed. The study concluded that the Petroleum Area Defense District II (PADD II) has an oversupply of gasoline. With that in mind, a niche market, naphtha, was identified. Naphtha is used as a diluent used for pipelining the bitumen (heavy crude) from Canada to crude markets. The study predicted there will continue to be an increase in the demand for naphtha through 2030. The study estimated the optimal configuration for the refinery at 34,000 barrels per day (BPD) producing 15,000 BPD of naphtha and a 52 percent refinery charge for jet and diesel yield. The financial modeling assumed the sponsor of a refinery would invest its own capital to pay for construction costs. With this assumption, the internal rate of return is 9.2 percent which is not sufficient to attract traditional investment given the risk factor of the project. With that in mind, those interested in pursuing this niche market will need to identify incentives to improve the rate of return.
The complexity of Nash equilibria in multiplayer zero-sum games and coordination games
Cai, Yang, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
2010-01-01
We prove a generalization of von Neumann's minmax theorem to the class of separable multiplayer zero-sum games, introduced in [Bregman and Fokin 1998]. These games are polymatrix-that is, graphical games in which every ...
An Identity of Ramanujan and The Representation of Integers as Sums of Triangular Numbers
the correspondence should be sent to Prof. ZhiGuo Liu Department of Mathematics, East China Normal University as Sums of Triangular Numbers ZhiGuo Liu Department of Mathematics, East China Normal University
An Identity of Ramanujan and The Representation of Integers as Sums of Triangular Numbers
the correspondence should be sent to Prof. Zhi-Guo Liu Department of Mathematics, East China Normal University as Sums of Triangular Numbers Zhi-Guo Liu Department of Mathematics, East China Normal University
Windblow by lump sum online (England and Wales) November 2009 THE FORESTRY COMMISSION
AND CONDITIONS FOR STANDARD PURCHASE OF TREES IN AREAS DAMAGED BY WINDBLOW BY LUMP SUM You have offered, hazardous, toxic, radioactive or dangerous waste whether or not such emission, substance or waste
Windblow by lump sum online (Scotland) November 2009 THE FORESTRY COMMISSION
AND CONDITIONS FOR STANDARD PURCHASE OF TREES IN AREAS DAMAGED BY WINDBLOW BY LUMP SUM You have offered, hazardous, toxic, radioactive or dangerous waste whether or not such emission, substance or waste
A Note on the Use of Sum in the Logic of Proofs Roman Kuznets
Jäger, Gerhard
A Note on the Use of Sum in the Logic of Proofs Roman Kuznets Institut f¨ur Informatik und angewandte Mathematik Universit¨at Bern Neubr¨uckstrasse 10, 3012 Bern, Switzerland kuznets
Forward Compton scattering with weak neutral current: Constraints from sum rules
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Gorchtein, Mikhail; Zhang, Xilin
2015-07-01
We generalize forward real Compton amplitude to the case of the interference of the electromagnetic and weak neutral current, formulate a low-energy theorem, relate the new amplitudes to the interference structure functions and obtain a new set of sum rules. We address a possible new sum rule that relates the product of the axial charge and magnetic moment of the nucleon to the 0th moment of the structure function g?(?0). For the dispersive ? ?-box correction to the proton's weak charge, the application of the GDH sum rule allows us to reduce the uncertainty due to resonance contributions by amore »factor of two. The finite energy sum rule helps addressing the uncertainty in that calculation due to possible duality violations.« less
The structure of langmuir monolayers probed with vibrational sum frequency spectroscopy
Gurau, Marc Cory
2005-08-29
structure have been examined with vibrational sum frequency spectroscopy (VSFS). This second order nonlinear optical spectroscopy is particularly well suited for simultaneous investigations of the monolayer and the associated water structure...
Managing Capacity For Telecommunications Networks Under Uncertainty
Forsyth, Peter A.
the underlying risk factor in the bandwidth market, and then apply real options theory to the upgrade decision, this real options approach has not been used pre- viously in the area of network capacity planning--uncertain demand for capacity, real options, net- work planning I. INTRODUCTION In the past, bandwidth was traded
REDUCTION CAPACITY OF SALTSTONE AND SALTSTONE COMPONENTS
Roberts, K.; Kaplan, D.
2009-11-30
The duration that saltstone retains its ability to immobilize some key radionuclides, such as technetium (Tc), plutonium (Pu), and neptunium (Np), depends on its capacity to maintain a low redox status (or low oxidation state). The reduction capacity is a measure of the mass of reductants present in the saltstone; the reductants are the active ingredients that immobilize Tc, Pu, and Np. Once reductants are exhausted, the saltstone loses its ability to immobilize these radionuclides. The reduction capacity values reported here are based on the Ce(IV)/Fe(II) system. The Portland cement (198 {micro}eq/g) and especially the fly ash (299 {micro}eq/g) had a measurable amount of reduction capacity, but the blast furnace slag (820 {micro}eq/g) not surprisingly accounted for most of the reduction capacity. The blast furnace slag contains ferrous iron and sulfides which are strong reducing and precipitating species for a large number of solids. Three saltstone samples containing 45% slag or one sample containing 90% slag had essentially the same reduction capacity as pure slag. There appears to be some critical concentration between 10% and 45% slag in the Saltstone formulation that is needed to create the maximum reduction capacity. Values from this work supported those previously reported, namely that the reduction capacity of SRS saltstone is about 820 {micro}eq/g; this value is recommended for estimating the longevity that the Saltstone Disposal Facility will retain its ability to immobilize radionuclides.
Magnetic moment for the negative parity $?\\to ?^0$ transition in light cone QCD sum rules
T. M. Aliev; M. Savc?
2015-09-21
The magnetic moment of the $\\Lambda \\to \\Sigma^0$ transition between negative parity, baryons is calculated in framework of the QCD sum rules approach, using the general form of the interpolating currents. The pollution arising from the positive--to--positive, and positive to negative parity baryons are eliminated by constructing the sum rules for different Lorentz structures. Nonzero value of the considered magnetic moment can be attributed to the violation of the $SU(3)$ symmetry.
QCD Sum Rules for Magnetically Induced Mixing between ?c and J/?
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Cho, Sungtae; Hattori, Koichi; Lee, Su Houng; Morita, Kenji; Ozaki, Sho
2014-10-20
We investigate the properties of charmonia in strong magnetic fields by using QCD sum rules. We show how to implement the mixing effects between ?c and J/? on the basis of field-theoretical approaches, and then show that the sum rules are saturated by the mixing effects with phenomenologically determined parameters. Consequently, we find that the mixing effects are the dominant contribution to the mass shifts of the static charmonia in strong magnetic fields.
QCD Sum Rules for Magnetically Induced Mixing between ?c and J/?
Cho, Sungtae [Yonsei Univ., Seoul, (Korea, Rep. of). Inst. of Physics and Applied Physics; Hattori, Koichi [Yonsei Univ., Seoul, (Korea, Rep. of). Inst. of Physics and Applied Physics; RIKEN, Nishina Ceneter, Wako, Saitama (Japan); RIKEN BNL Research Center, Upton, NY (United States); Lee, Su Houng [Yonsei Univ., Seoul, (Korea, Rep. of). Inst. of Physics and Applied Physics; Morita, Kenji [Frankfurt Inst. for Advanced Studies (Germany); Univ. of Wroclaw (Poland). Inst. of Theoretcial Physics; Kyoto Univ. (Japan). Yukawa Inst. for Theoretical Phystics; Ozaki, Sho [Yonsei Univ., Seoul, (Korea, Rep. of). Inst. of Physics and Applied Physics; IPNS, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Tsukuba, Ibaraki (Japan)
2014-10-01
We investigate the properties of charmonia in strong magnetic fields by using QCD sum rules. We show how to implement the mixing effects between ?c and J/? on the basis of field-theoretical approaches, and then show that the sum rules are saturated by the mixing effects with phenomenologically determined parameters. Consequently, we find that the mixing effects are the dominant contribution to the mass shifts of the static charmonia in strong magnetic fields.
Decay constants of heavy-light vector mesons from QCD sum rules
Patrick Gelhausen; Alexander Khodjamirian; Alexei A. Pivovarov; Denis Rosenthal
2015-03-27
We revisit QCD sum rules for the decay constants of heavy-light mesons. In the sum rules for the vector mesons B^*_(s) and D^*_(s) we improve the accuracy of OPE, taking into account the O(alpha_s^2) terms in the perturbative part and calculating the O(alpha_s) corrections to the quark-condensate contribution. With this accuracy, we obtain the ratios of decay constants: f_B^*/f_B=1.02 +0.07 -0.03, f_D^*/f_D=1.20 +0.10 -0.07. The sum rule predictions for the decay constants of pseudoscalar mesons are updated with the results f_B=(207 +17 -9) MeV, f_B_s=(242 +17 -12) MeV, f_D=(201 +12 -13) MeV, f_D_s=(238 +13 -23) MeV. In order to assess the sensitivity of our calculation to the form of the sum rule, we consider alternative versions such as the power moments and Borel sum rules with different weights of the spectral density. We also investigated the heavy quark limit of the sum rules for vector and pseudoscalar mesons, estimating the violations of the heavy-quark spin and flavour symmetry.
Representation of the Solar Capacity Value in the ReEDS Capacity Expansion Model: Preprint
Sigrin, B.; Sullivan, P.; Ibanez, E.; Margolis, R.
2014-08-01
An important emerging issue is the estimation of renewables' contributions to reliably meeting system demand, or their capacity value. While the capacity value of thermal generation can be estimated easily, assessment of wind and solar requires a more nuanced approach due to resource variability. Reliability-based methods, particularly, effective load-carrying capacity (ELCC), are considered to be the most robust techniques for addressing this resource variability. The Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) capacity expansion model and other long-term electricity capacity planning models require an approach to estimating CV for generalized PV and system configurations with low computational and data requirements. In this paper we validate treatment of solar photovoltaic (PV) capacity value by ReEDS capacity expansion model by comparing model results to literature for a range of energy penetration levels. Results from the ReEDS model are found to compare well with both comparisons--despite not being resolved at an hourly scale.
On The Analysis of Spatially-Coupled GLDPC Codes and The Weighted Min-Sum Algorithm
Jian, Yung-Yih
2013-08-07
to the mechanism of a \\turbocharged" engine. By using the turbo algorithm, the performance of practical systems can approach Shannon?s capacity limit. This result shows that one can get close to capacity with a moderate computational complexity. Later...
Capacity Building Project with Howard University
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The purpose of this initiative is to build community capacity for public participation in environmental and energy decision making. The target communities are those impacted by U.S. Department of...
World crude capacity, conversion capability inch upward
Rhodes, A.K.
1994-12-19
Reported world crude capacity increased almost 1 million b/d, while conversion processes--fluid catalytic cracking (FCC), hydrocracking, coking--increased more than 1.7 million b/d or 8.3%, according to the Journal's most recent survey of world refining capacity. As a measure of capacity growth in the past year, changes in distillation capacities (atmospheric plus vacuum) were calculated for three major refining regions. The year-to-year comparison indicates: for the US, an increase of 293,000 b/d, or 1.3%; for the European Economic Community (E.E.C.), an increase of 431,000 b/d, or 2.6%; and for Asia/Pacific, excluding China, an increase of 122,000 b/d, or 1.1%. In addition to the compiled data the paper describes the survey layout, regional changes, conversion units, hydroprocessing, company size, oxygenates, and construction.
Tripling the capacity of wireless communications using
channels of electric-®eld polarization for wireless communication. In order to make our statements more................................................................. Tripling the capacity of wireless .............................................................................................................................................. Wireless communications are a fundamental part of modern information infrastructure. But wireless bandwidth
Capacities of linear quantum optical systems
Lloyd, Seth
A wide variety of communication channels employ the quantized electromagnetic field to convey information. Their communication capacity crucially depends on losses associated to spatial characteristics of the channel such ...
National Decentralized Water Resources Capacity Development Project
Gold, Art
National Decentralized Water Resources Capacity Development Project Mapping Onsite Treatment Needs Onsite Treatment Needs, Pollution Risks, and Management Options Using GIS Submitted by the University. Wastewater Planning Handbook: Mapping Onsite Treatment Needs, Pollution Risks, and Management Options Using
Measuring the capacity impacts of demand response
Earle, Robert; Kahn, Edward P.; Macan, Edo
2009-07-15
Critical peak pricing and peak time rebate programs offer benefits by increasing system reliability, and therefore, reducing capacity needs of the electric power system. These benefits, however, decrease substantially as the size of the programs grows relative to the system size. More flexible schemes for deployment of demand response can help address the decreasing returns to scale in capacity value, but more flexible demand response has decreasing returns to scale as well. (author)
Modern Wireless Network Design Based on Constrained Capacity
Valenti, Matthew C.
The capacity in this channel is: where Eb is the energy per (information) bit. This capacity is achievedModern Wireless Network Design Based on Constrained Capacity April 20, 2005 Matthew Valenti Wireless Network Design Based on Constrained Capacity 2/37 Overview Key observations: Capacity
On the Gerasimov-Drell-Hearn sum rule for the deuteron
H. Arenhoevel; G. Kress; R. Schmidt; P. Wilhelm
1997-01-14
The Gerasimov-Drell-Hearn sum rule is evaluated for the deuteron by explicit integration up to a photon energy of 550 MeV including contributions from the photodisintegration channel and from coherent and incoherent single pion production as well. The photodisintegration channel converges fast enough in this energy range and gives a large negative contribution, essentially from the $^1S_0$ resonant state near threshold. Its absolute value is about the same size than the sum of proton and neutron GDH values. It is only partially cancelled by the single pion production contribution. But the incoherent channel has not reached convergence at 550 MeV.
Development of high-capacity cathode materials with integrated...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
high-capacity cathode materials with integrated structures Development of high-capacity cathode materials with integrated structures 2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle...
Development of High-Capacity Cathode Materials with Integrated...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
& Publications Development of High-Capacity Cathode Materials with Integrated Structures Development of High-Capacity Cathode Materials with Integrated Structures...
Development of High-Capacity Cathode Materials with Integrated...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
& Publications Development of high-capacity cathode materials with integrated structures Development of High-Capacity Cathode Materials with Integrated Structures...
Ukraine-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...
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Mexico-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...
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Study Finds 54 Gigawatts of Offshore Wind Capacity Technically...
Study Finds 54 Gigawatts of Offshore Wind Capacity Technically Possible by 2030 Study Finds 54 Gigawatts of Offshore Wind Capacity Technically Possible by 2030 September 11, 2014 -...
Modeling-Thermo-electrochemistry, Capacity Degradation and Mechanics...
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Modeling-Thermo-electrochemistry, Capacity Degradation and Mechanics with SEI Layer Modeling-Thermo-electrochemistry, Capacity Degradation and Mechanics with SEI Layer 2011 DOE...
DOE Receives Responses on the Implementation of Large-Capacity...
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of Large-Capacity Clothes Washer Waivers DOE Issues Enforcement Guidance on Large-Capacity Clothes Washer Waivers and the Waiver Process Electrolux Gibson Air Conditioner...
India-Vulnerability Assessment and Enhancing Adaptive Capacities...
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Bangladesh-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...
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South Africa-Developing Climate Policy Capacity within the South...
South Africa-Developing Climate Policy Capacity within the South African Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA) (Redirected from GIZ-Developing Climate Policy Capacity within...
Indonesia-ECN Capacity building for energy policy formulation...
Indonesia-ECN Capacity building for energy policy formulation and implementation of sustainable energy projects Jump to: navigation, search Name CASINDO: Capacity development and...
Wireless Battery Management System for Safe High-Capacity Energy...
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Wireless Battery Management System for Safe High-Capacity Energy Storage Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Wireless Battery Management System for Safe High-Capacity Energy...
HT Combinatorial Screening of Novel Materials for High Capacity...
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HT Combinatorial Screening of Novel Materials for High Capacity Hydrogen Storage HT Combinatorial Screening of Novel Materials for High Capacity Hydrogen Storage Presentation for...
CLEAN-Capacity Building and Training for Low Emissions Development...
(LEDS): Capacity Building and Training to explore activity design, lessons learned, future capacity building plans, major ongoing needs and opportunities for enhanced...
Representation of Solar Capacity Value in the ReEDS Capacity Expansion Model
Sigrin, B.; Sullivan, P.; Ibanez, E.; Margolis, R.
2014-03-01
An important issue for electricity system operators is the estimation of renewables' capacity contributions to reliably meeting system demand, or their capacity value. While the capacity value of thermal generation can be estimated easily, assessment of wind and solar requires a more nuanced approach due to the resource variability. Reliability-based methods, particularly assessment of the Effective Load-Carrying Capacity, are considered to be the most robust and widely-accepted techniques for addressing this resource variability. This report compares estimates of solar PV capacity value by the Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) capacity expansion model against two sources. The first comparison is against values published by utilities or other entities for known electrical systems at existing solar penetration levels. The second comparison is against a time-series ELCC simulation tool for high renewable penetration scenarios in the Western Interconnection. Results from the ReEDS model are found to compare well with both comparisons, despite being resolved at a super-hourly temporal resolution. Two results are relevant for other capacity-based models that use a super-hourly resolution to model solar capacity value. First, solar capacity value should not be parameterized as a static value, but must decay with increasing penetration. This is because -- for an afternoon-peaking system -- as solar penetration increases, the system's peak net load shifts to later in the day -- when solar output is lower. Second, long-term planning models should determine system adequacy requirements in each time period in order to approximate LOLP calculations. Within the ReEDS model we resolve these issues by using a capacity value estimate that varies by time-slice. Within each time period the net load and shadow price on ReEDS's planning reserve constraint signals the relative importance of additional firm capacity.
Complex-energy approach to sum rules within nuclear density functional theory
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Hinohara, Nobuo; Kortelainen, Markus; Nazarewicz, Witold; Olsen, Erik
2015-04-27
The linear response of the nucleus to an external field contains unique information about the effective interaction, correlations governing the behavior of the many-body system, and properties of its excited states. To characterize the response, it is useful to use its energy-weighted moments, or sum rules. By comparing computed sum rules with experimental values, the information content of the response can be utilized in the optimization process of the nuclear Hamiltonian or nuclear energy density functional (EDF). But the additional information comes at a price: compared to the ground state, computation of excited states is more demanding. To establish anmore »efficient framework to compute energy-weighted sum rules of the response that is adaptable to the optimization of the nuclear EDF and large-scale surveys of collective strength, we have developed a new technique within the complex-energy finite-amplitude method (FAM) based on the quasiparticle random- phase approximation. The proposed sum-rule technique based on the complex-energy FAM is a tool of choice when optimizing effective interactions or energy functionals. The method is very efficient and well-adaptable to parallel computing. As a result, the FAM formulation is especially useful when standard theorems based on commutation relations involving the nuclear Hamiltonian and external field cannot be used.« less
A geometric approach for the upper bound theorem for Minkowski sums of convex polytopes
Karavelas, Menelaos
the tightness of the upper bounds. 1998 ACM Subject Classification F.2.2 Nonnumerical Algorithms and Problems sum, upper bound Digital Object Identifier 10.4230/LIPIcs.xxx.yyy.p 1 Introduction Given two sets algebra, collision detection, computer-aided design, graphics, robot motion planning and game theory, just
Dhinojwala, Ali
Contact of Oil with Solid Surfaces in Aqueous Media Probed Using Sum Frequency Generation is present between the oil and the sapphire substrate. Below the isoelectric point of the sapphire substrate and the attractive van der Waals interactions. INTRODUCTION An oil drop in contact with a solid surface in aqueous
Richmond, Geraldine L.
Surfactant/Water Interactions at the Air/Water Interface Probed by Vibrational Sum Frequency and orientation of water molecules at an air/water interface has been measured in the presence of cationic spectrum of both the surfactant and water molecules at the water surface. In the presence of the charged
Glaser, Rainer
Crystal Potential Formula for the Calculation of Crystal Lattice Sums1 Don Steiger and Calvin; In Final Form: April 7, 1998 A new formula is derived for the determination of the potential energy of the central unit cell of a finite crystal; this formula is called the crystal potential formula. The crystal
Global Optimization of Polynomials Using Generalized Critical Values and Sums of Squares
Safey El Din, Mohab
- ometrical problems and computation Feng Guo and Lihong Zhi are supported by the Chi- nese National Natural Science Foundation under grant NSFC60821002/F02 and 10871194. Feng Guo, Mohab Safey El Din and Lihong ZhiGlobal Optimization of Polynomials Using Generalized Critical Values and Sums of Squares Feng Guo
Complex-energy approach to sum rules within nuclear density functional theory
Hinohara, Nobuo; Nazarewicz, Witold; Olsen, Erik
2015-01-01
The linear response of the nucleus to an external field contains unique information about the effective interaction, correlations, and properties of its excited states. To characterize the response, it is useful to use its energy-weighted moments, or sum rules. By comparing computed sum rules with experimental values, the information content of the response can be utilized in the optimization process of the nuclear Hamiltonian or EDF. But the additional information comes at a price: compared to the ground state, computation of excited states is more demanding. To establish an efficient framework to compute sum rules of the response that is adaptable to the optimization of the nuclear EDF and large-scale surveys of collective strength, we have developed a new technique within the complex-energy FAM based on the QRPA. To compute sum rules, we carry out contour integration of the response function in the complex-energy plane. We benchmark our results against the conventional matrix formulation of the QRPA theory...
draft date: August 17, 1998 Database Security and the Distribution of Subset Sums in Rm
Griggs, Jerrold R.
" of a statistical database under the control of the mechanism Audit Ex- pert of Chin and Ozsoyoglu. As modelled models of compromise that we introduce here. Running head: Database Security and Subset Sums 1 Research models of database compromise in past studies are solved by surprising applications of the combinatorial
The Power of Neutrino Mass Sum Rules for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay Experiments
Stephen F. King; Alexander Merle; Alexander J. Stuart
2013-07-31
Neutrino mass sum rules relate the three neutrino masses within generic classes of flavour models, leading to restrictions on the effective mass parameter measured in experiments on neutrinoless double beta decay as a function of the lightest neutrino mass. We perform a comprehensive study of the implications of such neutrino mass sum rules, which provide a link between model building, phenomenology, and experiments. After a careful explanation of how to derive predictions from sum rules, we discuss a large number of examples both numerically, using all three global fits available for the neutrino oscillation data, and analytically wherever possible. In some cases, our results disagree with some of those in the literature for reasons that we explain. Finally we discuss the experimental prospects for many current and near-future experiments, with a particular focus on the uncertainties induced by the unknown nuclear physics involved. We find that, in many cases, the power of the neutrino mass sum rules is so strong as to allow certain classes of models to be tested by the next generation of neutrinoless double beta decay experiments. Our study can serve as both a guideline and a theoretical motivation for future experimental studies.
Continuous-wave sodium D2 resonance radiation generated in single-pass sum-frequency
Continuous-wave sodium D2 resonance radiation generated in single-pass sum-frequency generation 4 Faculty of Engineering, Shinshu Universityl, Nagano, Japan 380-8553 5 STE Laboratory, Nagoya University, Japan 464-8601 *Corresponding author: jyue@lamar.colostate.edu Received January 5, 2009; accepted
Delivering both sum and difference beam distributions to a planar monopulse antenna array
Strassner II, Bernd H.
2015-12-22
A planar monopulse radar apparatus includes a planar distribution matrix coupled to a planar antenna array having a linear configuration of antenna elements. The planar distribution matrix is responsive to first and second pluralities of weights applied thereto for providing both sum and difference beam distributions across the antenna array.
NON-STANDARD BEHAVIOR OF DENSITY ESTIMATORS FOR SUMS OF SQUARED OBSERVATIONS
Schick, Anton
NON-STANDARD BEHAVIOR OF DENSITY ESTIMATORS FOR SUMS OF SQUARED OBSERVATIONS By Anton Schick;2 A. SCHICK AND W. WEFELMEYER with a kernel estimator ^f of f. This is a plug-in estimator which with functional central limit theorems in the corresponding spaces. Schick and Wefelmeyer (2004, 2007) prove
Root n consistent density estimators for sums of independent random variables
Wefelmeyer, Wolfgang
Root n consistent density estimators for sums of independent random variables Anton Schick > 1 independent and identically distributed random variables can be estimated at the Anton Schick was partially supported by NSF Grant DMS 0072174. 1 #12;2 ANTON SCHICK AND WOLFGANG WEFELMEYER parametric rate n
Arithmetic nature of sums of certain convergent series S. D. Adhikari and N. Saradha
Saradha, N.
* *s. In the present article, we shall discuss the questions of irrationality and transcend* *ence subject and its conne* *ction with the theory of numbers has a very long history. In our college days of sums of some infinite series. 2.Definitions_and_some_basic_observations_ A real number ff
Continuous-wave sum-frequency generation in AlGaAs Bragg reflection waveguides
Abolghasem, Bhavin J. Bijlani, and Amr S. Helmy* The Edward S. Rogers Sr. Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Toronto, 10 King's College Road, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3G4, Canada radiation in mid-IR regimes, where no laser source exists [2]. Sum-frequency generation (SFG) is also at
USING WEIGHTED SUM METHOD FOR THE CHOICE OF THE NIGHT VISION GOGGLES BATTERY POWER SUPPLY
Borissova, Daniela
USING WEIGHTED SUM METHOD FOR THE CHOICE OF THE NIGHT VISION GOGGLES BATTERY POWER SUPPLY Daniela into account device working range, weight and price and also electrical battery power supply lifetime, temperature working range and its mechanics. The multicriteria optimization choice of the electrical battery
CSEM WP 124 Capacity Markets for Electricity
California at Berkeley. University of
CSEM WP 124 Capacity Markets for Electricity Anna Creti, LEEERNA, University of Toulouse for Electricity Anna Creti LEEERNA, University of Toulouse Natalia Fabra Universidad Carlos III de Madrid February 2004 Abstract The creation of electricity markets has raised the fundamental question as to whether
STORAGE CAPACITY ALLOCATION ALGORITHMS FOR HIERARCHICAL
Stavrakakis, Ioannis
STORAGE CAPACITY ALLOCATION ALGORITHMS FOR HIERARCHICAL CONTENT DISTRIBUTION Nikolaos Laoutaris of Athens, 15784 Athens, Greece {laoutaris,vassilis,istavrak}@di.uoa.gr Abstract The addition of storage storage budget to the nodes of a hierarchical con- tent distribution system is formulated; optimal
Fagatele Bay National Marine Sanctuary GIS Capacity
Wright, Dawn Jeannine
Fagatele Bay National Marine Sanctuary GIS Capacity Binder Index Background 2 Hardware, Software Report, configuration notes American Samoa Spatial Data Infrastructure Maps GIS Data CDs Operating System) #12;Compiled by Allison Graves, Nuna Technologies 2002. 2 Background A GIS presence was established
FURTHER EXPERIMENTS IN FISHWAY CAPACITY, 1957
in the fishway . Experiments in 1956 to measure the capacity of a pool-and-overf all- type fish- way were to accommodate the runs effec- tively. Appreciable savings in construction \\J Research financed by the U.S. Army of providing design criteria for more economical and more efficient fish-passage facili- ties at Corps projects
Emergent Biosynthetic Capacity in Simple Microbial Communities
Borenstein, Elhanan
Emergent Biosynthetic Capacity in Simple Microbial Communities Hsuan-Chao Chiu1 , Roie Levy1 and dynamics of simple two-species microbial ecosystems. We specifically focus on detecting emergent a large collection of two-species communities on multiple media, we demonstrate that emergent biosynthetic
tti.tamu.edu Increasing Capacity,
Readers to Measure Wait Times at the U.S.-Mexico Border Computer Simulations Explore "What If" Disaster Wait Times at the U.S.-Mexico Border 8 Safety-Belt Use at All-Time High in Texas 10 Increasing Capacity. Today -- with the Internet cross-pollinating cultures between countries at the speed of light
Optimal Prices for Finite Capacity Queueing Systems
Ziya, Serhan
Optimal Prices for Finite Capacity Queueing Systems Serhan Ziya Department of Statistics prove a lower bound on the optimal price for a fairly large class of blocking systems with general arrival and service processes, determine optimal price expressions for M/M/1/m and M/GI/s/s systems
Electricity market module: Electricity capacity planning submodule
NONE
1996-06-01
The purpose of this report is to describe modifications to the Electricity Capacity Planning Submodule (ECP) for the Annual Energy Outlook 1996. It describes revisions to enhance the representation of planned maintenance, incorporate technological improvements in operating efficiencies, revise the algorithm for determining international firm power imports, and include risk premiums for new plant construction.
Computing Wireless Capacity Magnus M. Halldorsson
Halldórsson, Magnús M.
Computing Wireless Capacity Magn´us M. Halld´orsson Roger Wattenhofer September 27, 2010 Abstract In this paper we address two common questions in wireless communication from an algorithmic perspective, assuming a geometric path loss model: First, how long does it take to satisfy an arbitrary set of wireless
On Asymptotic Outage Capacity Distribution of Correlated MIMO Channels
Loyka, Sergey
On Asymptotic Outage Capacity Distribution of Correlated MIMO Channels Georgy Levin* and Sergey condition for the asymptotic normality of MIMO channel outage capacity is considered. Some physical aspects, asymptotic capacity, correlation. I. INTRODUCTION Outage capacity is one of the major characteristics
Abatement of Air Pollution: Control of Sulfur Dioxide Emissions...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
apply to fossil-fuel fired stationary sources which serve a generator with a nameplate capacity of 15 MW or more, or fossil-fuel fired boilers or indirect heat exchangers with a...
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
These regulations apply to fossil-fuel fired stationary sources which serve a generator with a nameplate capacity of 15 MW or more, or fossil-fuel fired boilers or indirect heat exchangers with a...
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
For the purposes of these regulations, CO2 budget units are defined as units that serve an electricity generator with nameplate capacity greater than or equal to 25 MWe. The regulations describe...
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Any source that serves an electricity generator with a nameplate capacity equal to or greater than 25 MWe is considered a CO2 budget source for the purpose of these regulations. This section lists...
Bitar, Eilyan Yamen
2011-01-01
nameplate capacity of the wind farms. Source: BPA, 2008 (b)market participation of wind farms: the success story of the0, W i ] produced at wind farm i is modeled as a scalar
Real-Time Deferrable Load Control: Handling the Uncertainties of Renewable Generation
Wierman, Adam
, e.g., plug-in electric vehicles, dryers, air conditioners, etc. The penetration of deferrable loads has a root-mean- square error of around 18% of the nameplate capacity look- ing 24 hours ahead [16
EA-1611: Final Environmental Assessment | Department of Energy
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
The proposed Project would include sixty (60) General Electric (GE) 1.5 megawatt (MW) SLE wind turbines with a total Project output nameplate capacity of ninety (90) MW of...
Mills, Andrew
2013-01-01
for parabolic trough solar power plants. Energy, 29(5-6):of concentrating solar power plants: A case study of thesolar field relative to the nameplate capacity of the solar plant power
DWEA Webinar: IRS Guidance for Small Wind Turbines
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The U.S. Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has issued Notice 2015-4 providing new performance and quality standards of small wind turbines – defined as having a nameplate capacity of up to 100 kW – in...
Barrash, Warren
. HRS. 2nd Year Fall __________ (year) 2nd Year Spr. _________ (year) 2nd Year Sum. _________ (yearName Major Student ID Advisor 1st Year Fall __________ (year) 1st Year Spr. __________ (year) 1st Year Sum. __________ (year) SUBJECT COURSE # CR. HRS. SUBJECT COURSE # CR. HRS. SUBJECT COURSE # CR
Giannakis, Georgios
Multi-Carrier Multiple Access is Sum-Rate Optimal for Block Transmissions over Circulant ISI to maximizing the sum-rate of circulant inter-symbol interference (ISI) channels, that are assumed available at the transmitter. Cir- culant ISI channels are ensured either with cyclic pre`xed block transmissions
SumTime-Turbine: A Knowledge-Based System to Communicate Gas Turbine Time-Series Data
Reiter, Ehud
SumTime-Turbine: A Knowledge-Based System to Communicate Gas Turbine Time-Series Data Jin Yu of Aberdeen Aberdeen, AB24 3UE, UK {jyu, ereiter, jhunter, ssripada}@csd.abdn.ac.uk Abstract: SumTime-Turbine produces textual summaries of archived time- series data from gas turbines. These summaries should help
Press, William H.
Discrete Radon transform has an exact, fast inverse and generalizes to operations other than sumsÂ¨otz, DruckmÂ¨uller, and independently Brady have defined a discrete Radon transform (DRT) that sums an image-to-noise in the presence of pointlike clutter features of arbitrarily large amplitude. Radon transform | computerized
Mukamel, Shaul
The coupled electronic oscillators vs the sum-over-states pictures for the optical response oscillators in the CEO picture and the relevant excited states in the sum-over-states SOS description picture. © 1996 American Institute of Physics. S0021-9606 96 01613-3 I. INTRODUCTION In the coupled
Mukamel, Shaul
Sum-over-states versus quasiparticle pictures of coherent correlation spectroscopy of excitons be understood using a sum-over-states picture involving the many-body eigenstates. However, the optical response result in a quasiparticle picture. In this work we derive Green's function expressions for the four wave
Entanglement area law from specific heat capacity
Fernando G. S. L. Brandao; Marcus Cramer
2015-08-20
We study the scaling of entanglement in low-energy states of quantum many-body models on lattices of arbitrary dimensions. We allow for unbounded Hamiltonians such that systems with bosonic degrees of freedom are included. We show that if at low enough temperatures the specific heat capacity of the model decays exponentially with inverse temperature, the entanglement in every low-energy state satisfies an area law (with a logarithmic correction). This behaviour of the heat capacity is typically observed in gapped systems. Assuming merely that the low-temperature specific heat decays polynomially with temperature, we find a subvolume scaling of entanglement. Our results give experimentally verifiable conditions for area laws, show that they are a generic property of low-energy states of matter, and, to the best of our knowledge, constitute the first proof of an area law for unbounded Hamiltonians beyond those that are integrable.
Florida products pipeline set to double capacity
True, W.R.
1995-11-13
Directional drilling has begun this fall for a $68.5 million, approximately 110,000 b/d expansion of Central Florida Pipeline Co.`s refined products line from Tampa to Orlando. The drilling started in August and is scheduled to conclude this month, crossing under seven water bodies in Hillsborough, Polk, and Osceola counties. The current 6 and 10-in. system provides more than 90% of the petroleum products used in Central Florida, according to Central Florida Pipeline. Its additional capacity will meet the growing region`s demand for gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel. The new pipeline, along with the existing 10-in. system, will increase total annual capacity from 30 million bbl (82,192 b/d) to approximately 70 million bbl (191,781 b/d). The older 6-in. line will be shutdown when the new line is operating fully. The steps of pipeline installation are described.
Planned Geothermal Capacity | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio1975) | OpenBethlehemPlainsboro Center,Planned Geothermal Capacity
Representation of the Fourier transform as a weighted sum of the complex error functions
S. M. Abrarov; B. M. Quine
2015-08-05
In this paper we show that a methodology based on a sampling with the Gaussian function of kind $h\\,{e^{ - {{\\left( {t/c} \\right)}^2}}}/\\left( {{c}\\sqrt \\pi } \\right)$, where ${c}$ and $h$ are some constants, leads to the Fourier transform that can be represented as a weighted sum of the complex error functions. Due to remarkable property of the complex error function, the Fourier transform based on the weighted sum can be significantly simplified and expressed in terms of a damping harmonic series. In contrast to the conventional discrete Fourier transform, this methodology results in a non-periodic wavelet approximation. Consequently, the proposed approach may be useful and convenient in algorithmic implementation.
Zhang, Y. S. [Department of Scientific Research, Dalian Naval Academy, Dalian 116018 (China); Cai, F. [Department of Navigation, Dalian Naval Academy, Dalian 116018 (China); Xu, W. M. [Department of Hydrography and Cartography, Dalian Naval Academy, Dalian 116018 (China)
2011-09-28
The ship motion equation with a cosine wave excitement force describes the slip moments in regular waves. A new kind of wave excitement force model, with the form as sums of cosine functions was proposed to describe ship rolling in irregular waves. Ship rolling time series were obtained by solving the ship motion equation with the fourth-order-Runger-Kutta method. These rolling time series were synthetically analyzed with methods of phase-space track, power spectrum, primary component analysis, and the largest Lyapunove exponent. Simulation results show that ship rolling presents some chaotic characteristic when the wave excitement force was applied by sums of cosine functions. The result well explains the course of ship rolling's chaotic mechanism and is useful for ship hydrodynamic study.
Wakamatsu, M.; Tsujimoto, H. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-0043 (Japan)
2005-04-01
The theoretical predictions are given for the forward limit of the unpolarized spin-flip isovector generalized parton distribution function (E{sup u}-E{sup d})(x,{xi},t) within the framework of the chiral quark soliton model, with full inclusion of the polarization of Dirac sea quarks. We observe that [(H{sup u}-H{sup d})+(E{sup u}-E{sup d})](x,0,0) has a sharp peak around x=0, which we interpret as a signal of the importance of the pionic qq excitation with large spatial extension in the transverse direction. Another interesting indication given by the predicted distribution in combination with Ji's angular momentum sum rule is that the d quark carries more angular momentum than the u quark in the proton, which may have some relation with the physics of the violation of the Gottfried sum rule.
Acta Arith., 140(2009), no. 4, 329334. ON BIALOSTOCKI'S CONJECTURE FOR ZERO-SUM
Sun, Zhi-Wei
2009-01-01
10871087) of China. 1 #12;2 SONG GUO AND ZHI-WEI SUN In this paper we mainly establish the following resultActa Arith., 140(2009), no. 4, 329334. ON BIALOSTOCKI'S CONJECTURE FOR ZERO-SUM SEQUENCES SONG GUO AND ZHI-WEI SUN* Abstract. Let n be a positive even integer, and let a1, . . . , an and w1, . . . , wn
Measurement of the B¯?Xs? branching fraction with a sum of exclusive decays
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Saito, T.; Ishikawa, A.; Yamamoto, H.; Abdesselam, A.; Adachi, I.; Aihara, H.; Al Said, S.; Arinstein, K.; Asner, D.?M.; Aushev, T.; et al
2015-03-04
We use 772 × 106 BB meson pairs collected at the ?(4S) resonance with the Belle detector to measure the branching fraction for B¯ ? Xs?. Our measurement uses a sum-of-exclusives approach in which 38 of the hadronic final states with strangeness equal to +1, denoted by Xs, are reconstructed. The inclusive branching fraction for MXs s?)=(3.51±0.17±0.33) × 10–4, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic.
How Accurate are the Gaussian and Gamma Approximations to the Outage Capacity of MIMO Channels ?
Øien, Geir E.
How Accurate are the Gaussian and Gamma Approximations to the Outage Capacity of MIMO Channels MIMO capacity complementary cumulative distribution functions, or equivalently, the outage capacity distribution function (CDF) (also known as the outage capacity), or equivalently, the capacity complementary
Modeling Capacity Reservation in High-Tech Manufacturing
Wu, David
by rapid innovation and volatile demands. Capacity reservation provides a risk sharing mechanism, manufacturers are confronted with capital intensive facilities and highly skilled labor, operating under long. Physical expansion of manufacturing capacity involves enormous risk. This involves building new facil
Healthcare Facility Location and Capacity Configuration under Stochastic Demand
Han, Xue
2014-12-18
This dissertation addresses two topics. The first topic is strategic dynamic supply chain reconfiguration (DSCR) problem, in which the proposed capacity configuration network is employed in the second topic: healthcare facility location and capacity...
Storage and capacity rights markets in the natural gas industry
Paz-Galindo, Luis A.
1999-01-01
This dissertation presents a different approach at looking at market power in capacity rights markets that goes beyond the functional aspects of capacity rights markets as access to transportation services. In particular, ...
Design and Evaluation of Novel High Capacity Cathode Materials...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
D.C. esp13thackeray.pdf More Documents & Publications Design and Evaluation of High Capacity Cathodes Design and Evaluation of Novel High Capacity Cathode Materials Design and...
DECENTRALIZING SEMICONDUCTOR CAPACITY PLANNING VIA INTERNAL MARKET COORDINATION
Wu, David
and S. DAVID WU Manufacturing Logistics Institute, Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Systems semiconductor manufacturer: marketing managers reserve capacity from manufacturing based on product demands, while attempting to maximize profit; manufacturing managers allocate capacity to competing marketing
Evaluation of capacity release transactions in the natural gas industry
Lautzenhiser, Stephen
1994-01-01
The purpose of this thesis is to analyze capacity release transactions in the natural gas industry and to state some preliminary conclusions about how the capacity release market is functioning. Given FERC's attempt to ...
National CHP Roadmap: Doubling Combined Heat and Power Capacity...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
CHP Roadmap: Doubling Combined Heat and Power Capacity in the United States by 2010, March 2001 National CHP Roadmap: Doubling Combined Heat and Power Capacity in the United States...
Property:Cooling Capacity | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio1975)EnergyFloorAreaOfficesCollaborators Jump to:Capacity Jump to:
Africa - CCS capacity building | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendoMassachusetts: EnergyRenewablesAfrica - CCS capacity
U.S. Refinery Utilization and Capacity
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With WIPP UPDATE: AprilCubicProduction Capacity ofCrudeStocks
Managing High-Tech Capacity Expansion Via Reservation Contracts
Wu, David
1 Managing High-Tech Capacity Expansion Via Reservation Contracts Murat Erkoc S. David Wuñ, Bethlehem, PA 18015 merkoc@miami.edu david.wu@lehigh.eduñ We study capacity reservation contracts in high-tech lead time. We conclude the paper by summarizing insights useful for high-tech capacity management. 1
On The Outage Capacity Distribution of Correlated Keyhole MIMO Channels
Loyka, Sergey
On The Outage Capacity Distribution of Correlated Keyhole MIMO Channels G. Levin and S. Loyka for the instantaneous SNR and outage capacity distributions of a spatially correlated keyhole MIMO channel are given diversity channel with a single Tx (Rx) and multiple Rx (Tx) antennas. The outage capacity at low outage
Multi-Keyhole MIMO Channels: Asymptotic Analysis of Outage Capacity
Loyka, Sergey
Multi-Keyhole MIMO Channels: Asymptotic Analysis of Outage Capacity George Levin and Sergey Loyka single-keyhole channels. The outage capacity distribution of both full-rank and rank-deficient multi channel, outage capacity, correlation. I. INTRODUCTION Multiple-Input-Multiple-Output (MIMO) channels have
Does Beamforming achieve Outage Capacity with Direction Feedback?
Jafar, Syed A.
Does Beamforming achieve Outage Capacity with Direction Feedback? Sudhir Srinivasa and Syed Ali: syed@ece.uci.edu, sudhirs@uci.edu Email: sriram@ece.utexas.edu Abstract We explore the outage capacity of outage capacity for a quantized channel direction feedback system. The technique is used to establish
Transmission capacity of CDMA ad hoc networks Steven Weber
de Veciana, Gustavo
Transmission capacity of CDMA ad hoc networks Steven Weber Dept. of ECE Drexel University and tolerate co-located simultaneous transmissions. We develop analytic results on the transmission capacity of a CDMA ad hoc network. Transmission capacity is defined as the maximum permissible density
Energy and Capacity Polar and essentially-polar sets
Khoshnevisan, Davar
Energy and Capacity Polar and essentially-polar sets Choose and fix a Borel set G R, and define #12;86 13. Energy and Capacity (Why?) In particular, set G := {} to see that a singleton := 0. Definition 2. (µ ) is called the mutual -energy between µ and , and Cap(G) the -capacity of G
Energy-Efficient Capacity Optimization in Wireless Networks
Wang, Yu
Energy-Efficient Capacity Optimization in Wireless Networks Lu Liu, Xianghui Cao, Yu Cheng, Lili Du capacity in the most energy-efficient manner over a general large-scale wireless network, say, a multi for computing the resource allocation that leads to optimal network capacity with minimal energy consumption
Online Multicasting for Network Capacity Maximization in Energy-Constrained
Liang, Weifa
Online Multicasting for Network Capacity Maximization in Energy-Constrained Ad Hoc Networks Weifa of network capacity, network lifetime, and transmission energy consumption for each multicast request, the network capacity is proportional to the network lifetime if the transmission energy consumption for each
Capacity of a Gaussian MAC with Energy Harvesting Transmit Nodes
Sharma, Vinod
Capacity of a Gaussian MAC with Energy Harvesting Transmit Nodes R Rajesh CABS, DRDO Bangalore buffer to store the harvested energy. First, we find the capacity region of a GMAC powered by transmit. Keywords: Energy harvesting, Gaussian multiple access chan- nel, Finite Buffer, Shannon capacity. I
Energy-Efficient Adaptive MIMO Systems Leveraging Dynamic Spare Capacity
de Veciana, Gustavo
Energy-Efficient Adaptive MIMO Systems Leveraging Dynamic Spare Capacity Hongseok Kim, Chan, energy conservation, spare capacity I. INTRODUCTION Wireless cellular systems such as WiMAX are evolving capacity, it is achieved in most cases at the expense of much higher energy consumption resulting
Improved Capacity Bounds for the Binary Energy Harvesting Channel
Yener, Aylin
Improved Capacity Bounds for the Binary Energy Harvesting Channel Kaya Tutuncuoglu1 , Omur Ozel2 the encoder has unit energy storage capacity. We first show that an encoding scheme based on block indexing/channel use. The capacity of additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) energy harvesting channel was studied in [2
Ransom, Ray M. (Big Bear City, CA); Gallegos-Lopez, Gabriel (Torrance, CA); Kinoshita, Michael H. (Redondo Beach, CA)
2012-07-31
Methods, system and apparatus are provided for quickly approximating a peak summed magnitude (A) of a phase voltage (Vph) waveform in a multi-phase system that implements third harmonic injection.
Aliev, T M
2015-01-01
The magnetic moment of the $\\Lambda \\to \\Sigma^0$ transition between negative parity, baryons is calculated in framework of the QCD sum rules approach, using the general form of the interpolating currents. The pollution arising from the positive--to--positive, and positive to negative parity baryons are eliminated by constructing the sum rules for different Lorentz structures. Nonzero value of the considered magnetic moment can be attributed to the violation of the $SU(3)$ symmetry.
QCD corrections to $B \\to ?$ form factors from light-cone sum rules
Yu-Ming Wang; Yue-Long Shen
2015-06-01
We compute perturbative corrections to $B \\to \\pi$ form factors from QCD light-cone sum rules with $B$-meson distribution amplitudes. Applying the method of regions we demonstrate factorization of the vacuum-to-$B$-meson correlation function defined with an interpolating current for pion, at one-loop level, explicitly in the heavy quark limit. The short-distance functions in the factorization formulae of the correlation function involves both hard and hard-collinear scales; and these functions can be further factorized into hard coefficients by integrating out the hard fluctuations and jet functions encoding the hard-collinear information. Resummation of large logarithms in the short-distance functions is then achieved via the standard renormalization-group approach. We further show that structures of the factorization formulae for $f_{B \\pi}^{+}(q^2)$ and $f_{B \\pi}^{0}(q^2)$ at large hadronic recoil from QCD light-cone sum rules match that derived in QCD factorization. In particular, we perform an exploratory phenomenological analysis of $B \\to \\pi$ form factors, paying attention to various sources of perturbative and systematic uncertainties, and extract $|V_{ub}|= \\left(3.05^{+0.54}_{-0.38} |_{\\rm th.} \\pm 0.09 |_{\\rm exp.}\\right) \\times 10^{-3}$ with the inverse moment of the $B$-meson distribution amplitude $\\phi_B^{+}(\\omega)$ determined by reproducing $f_{B \\pi}^{+}(q^2=0)$ obtained from the light-cone sum rules with $\\pi$ distribution amplitudes. Furthermore, we present the invariant-mass distributions of the lepton pair for $B \\to \\pi \\ell \
Asia/Pacific refineries spark growth in conversion capacity
Rhodes, A.K.
1995-12-18
Led by refiners in the Asia/Pacific region, worldwide capacity for conversion processes, such as fluid catalytic cracking, hydrocracking, and coking, increased at a faster pace this year than did crude oil distillation capacity. Crude capacity showed only a small gain of 0.4% to 74.5 million b/d according to the Journal`s most recent survey of refining capacity. This article summarizes data from the survey on the largest refiners, capacities, conversion processes, fuel processes, processing comparison, and refinery size.
Constraints on the Sum of Neutrino Masses from Cosmology and their impact on world neutrino data
A. Melchiorri; G. L. Fogli; E. Lisi; A. Marrone; A. Palazzo; P. Serra; J. I. Silk
2005-01-25
We derive upper limits on the sum of neutrino masses from an updated combination of data from Cosmic Microwave Background experiments and Galaxy Redshifts Surveys. The results are discussed in the context of three-flavor neutrino mixing and compared with neutrino oscillation data, with upper limits on the effective neutrino mass in Tritium beta decay from the Mainz and Troitsk experiments and with the claimed lower bound on the effective Majorana neutrino mass in neutrinoless double beta decay from the Heidelberg-Moscow experiment.
Bond Energy Sums in Benzene, Cyclohexatriene and Cyclohexane Prove Resonance Unnecessary
Raji Heyrovska
2008-07-27
The recent new structure of benzene shows that it consists of three C atoms of radii as in graphite alternating with three C atoms with double bond radii. This is different from the hypothetical cyclohexatriene (Kekule structure) involving alternate double and single bonds. It was shown that the difference in the bond energy sum of the atomic structure of benzene from that of the Kekule structure is the energy (erroneously) assumed to be due to resonance. Here it is shown that the present structure of benzene also explains the energy of hydrogenation into cyclohexane and its difference from that of cyclohexatriene.
Sum rule for the backward spin polarizability of the nucleon from a backward dispersion relation
A. I. L'vov; A. M. Nathan
1998-07-09
A new sum rule for $\\gamma_\\pi$, the backward spin polarizability of the nucleon, is derived from a backward-angle dispersion relation. Taking into account single- and multi-pion photoproduction in the s-channel up to the energy 1.5 GeV and resonances in the t-channel with mass below 1.5 GeV, it is found for the proton and neutron that $[\\gamma_\\pi]_p$ = -39.5 +/- 2.4 and $[\\gamma_\\pi]_n$ = 52.5 +/- 2.4, respectively, in units of 10^{-4} fm^4.
Information storage capacity of discrete spin systems
Beni Yoshida
2012-12-24
Understanding the limits imposed on information storage capacity of physical systems is a problem of fundamental and practical importance which bridges physics and information science. There is a well-known upper bound on the amount of information that can be stored reliably in a given volume of discrete spin systems which are supported by gapped local Hamiltonians. However, all the previously known systems were far below this theoretical bound, and it remained open whether there exists a gapped spin system that saturates this bound. Here, we present a construction of spin systems which saturate this theoretical limit asymptotically by borrowing an idea from fractal properties arising in the Sierpinski triangle. Our construction provides not only the best classical error-correcting code which is physically realizable as the energy ground space of gapped frustration-free Hamiltonians, but also a new research avenue for correlated spin phases with fractal spin configurations.
Coughlin, Katie
2013-01-01
in emissions, primary energy, capacity and composition ofin primary energy use, emissions and capacity and the changei.e. energy, upper plots) and capacity variables. The plots
Sixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Chapter 12: Capacity and Flexibility Resources
..................................................................................................................................... 2 Power System Requirements: Capacity, Energy, and FlexibilitySixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Chapter 12: Capacity and Flexibility Resources................................................... 2 Capacity: Meeting Peak Demand
Kudo, Kana
2015-01-01
Department (2005). Capacity Building in Africa: An OEDModel): JICA Capacity Building Project for Implementation ofUnderstanding Capacity-Building Needs: Current Models for
Surface and bulk modified high capacity layered oxide cathodes with low irreversible capacity loss
Manthiram, Arumugam (Austin, TX); Wu, Yan (Austin, TX)
2010-03-16
The present invention includes compositions, surface and bulk modifications, and methods of making of (1-x)Li[Li.sub.1/3Mn.sub.2/3]O.sub.2.xLi[Mn.sub.0.5-yNi.sub.0.5-yCo.sub.2- y]O.sub.2 cathode materials having an O3 crystal structure with a x value between 0 and 1 and y value between 0 and 0.5, reducing the irreversible capacity loss in the first cycle by surface modification with oxides and bulk modification with cationic and anionic substitutions, and increasing the reversible capacity to close to the theoretical value of insertion/extraction of one lithium per transition metal ion (250-300 mAh/g).
Chair, Noureddine
2014-02-15
We have recently developed methods for obtaining exact two-point resistance of the complete graph minus N edges. We use these methods to obtain closed formulas of certain trigonometrical sums that arise in connection with one-dimensional lattice, in proving Scott’s conjecture on permanent of Cauchy matrix, and in the perturbative chiral Potts model. The generalized trigonometrical sums of the chiral Potts model are shown to satisfy recursion formulas that are transparent and direct, and differ from those of Gervois and Mehta. By making a change of variables in these recursion formulas, the dimension of the space of conformal blocks of SU(2) and SO(3) WZW models may be computed recursively. Our methods are then extended to compute the corner-to-corner resistance, and the Kirchhoff index of the first non-trivial two-dimensional resistor network, 2×N. Finally, we obtain new closed formulas for variant of trigonometrical sums, some of which appear in connection with number theory. -- Highlights: • Alternative derivation of certain trigonometrical sums of the chiral Potts model are given. • Generalization of these trigonometrical sums satisfy recursion formulas. • The dimension of the space of conformal blocks may be computed from these recursions. • Exact corner-to-corner resistance, the Kirchhoff index of 2×N are given.
The NASA CSTI High Capacity Power Project
Winter, J.; Dudenhoefer, J.; Juhasz, A.; Schwarze, G.; Patterson, R.; Ferguson, D.; Titran, R.; Schmitz, P.; Vandersande, J.
1994-09-01
The SP-100 Space Nuclear Power Program was established in 1983 by DOD, DOE, and NASA as a joint program to develop technology for military and civil applications. Starting in 1986, NASA has funded a technology program to maintain the momentum of promising aerospace technology advancement started during Phase I of SP-100 and to strengthen, in key areas, the changes for successful development and growth capability of space nuclear reactor power systems for a wide range of future space applications. The elements of the CSTI High Capacity Power Project include Systems Analysis, Stirling Power Conversion, Thermoelectric Power Conversion, Thermal Management, Power Management, Systems Diagnostics, Environmental Interactions, and Material/Structural Development. Technology advancement in all elements is required to provide the growth capability, high reliability and 7 to 10 year lifetime demanded for future space nuclear power systems. The overall project with develop and demonstrate the technology base required to provide a wide range of modular power systems compatible with the SP-100 reactor which facilitates operation during lunar and planetary day/night cycles as well as allowing spacecraft operation at any attitude or distance from the sun. Significant accomplishments in all of the project elements will be presented, along with revised goals and project timelines recently developed.
Development of High-Capacity Cathode Materials with Integrated...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
& Publications Development of High-Capacity Cathode Materials with Integrated Structures Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Design and Evaluation of High...
Initial Production Capacity Investments for Commercializing Pharmaceutical Products
Yuen, Ming Kwan
2012-01-01
Hanan. 1982. Operations research and capacity expansionEngi- neering and Operations Research Department forstochastic demands. Operations Research 40 pp. S210–S216.
Republic of Macedonia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development...
Strategies (EC-LEDS) Jump to: navigation, search Name Republic of Macedonia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS) AgencyCompany Organization...
Design and Evaluation of Novel High Capacity Cathode Materials...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
s049thackeray2012p.pdf More Documents & Publications Design and Evaluation of High Capacity Cathodes Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Design and Evaluation of High...
Cambodia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...
Development Strategies (EC-LEDS) Jump to: navigation, search Name Cambodia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS) AgencyCompany Organization...
Design and Evaluation of Novel High Capacity Cathode Materials...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
& Publications Lithium Source For High Performance Li-ion Cells Design and Evaluation of Novel High Capacity Cathode Materials Lithium Source For High Performance Li-ion Cells...
Indonesia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth...
in Developing Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Indonesia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia AgencyCompany Organization Asian...
Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC...
Generation Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS): Distributed Generation Agency...
Philippines-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth...
in Developing Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Philippines-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia AgencyCompany Organization Asian...
Design and Evaluation of Novel High Capacity Cathode Materials...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
More Documents & Publications Design and Evaluation of Novel High Capacity Cathode Materials Lithium Source For High Performance Li-ion Cells Lithium Source For...
Design and Evaluation of Novel High Capacity Cathode Materials...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
49thackeray2011o.pdf More Documents & Publications Cathodes Design and Evaluation of Novel High Capacity Cathode Materials Layered Cathode Materials...
Africa Adaptation Programme: Capacity Building Experiences-Improving...
Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Africa Adaptation Programme: Capacity Building Experiences-Improving Access, Understanding and Application of Climate...
Vietnam-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth...
Growth in Developing Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Vietnam-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia AgencyCompany Organization Asian...
Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing...
Asia - Thailand Jump to: navigation, search Name Thailand-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia AgencyCompany Organization Asian...
Mesoporous Manganese Oxide Nanowires for High-Capacity, High...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
Mesoporous Manganese Oxide Nanowires for High-Capacity, High-Rate, Hybrid Electrical Energy Storage Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Mesoporous Manganese Oxide Nanowires...
,"New Mexico Natural Gas Underground Storage Capacity (MMcf)...
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New Mexico Natural Gas Underground Storage Capacity (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2014 ,"Release Date:","9...
Table 2. Ten Largest Plants by Generation Capacity, 2013
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
Oklahoma" ,"Plant","Primary energy source","Operating company","Net summer capacity (MW)" 1,"Northeastern","Coal","Public Service Co of Oklahoma",1815 2,"Redbud Power...
Prices, capacities and service quality in a congestible Bertrand duopoly
De Borger, Bruno; Van Dender, Kurt
2005-01-01
Dender, Kurt. 2004. “Duopoly prices under congested access,”of demand on capacities and prices, see (3), has been madefacilities, even when price discrimination is allowed. r dq
Renewable Motor Fuel Production Capacity Under H.R.4
Reports and Publications (EIA)
2002-01-01
This paper analyzes renewable motor fuel production capacity with the assumption that ethanol will be used to meet the renewable fuels standard.
Is there life in other markets? BPA explores preschedule capacity
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
new process this spring to acquire preschedule (day-ahead) capacity from third-party suppliers. The goal was to prevent occasional balancing reserve reductions caused by...
Table 2. Ten Largest Plants by Generation Capacity, 2013
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
Virginia" ,"Plant","Primary energy source","Operating company","Net summer capacity (MW)" 1,"Bath County","Pumped storage","Virginia Electric & Power Co",3003 2,"North...
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Malila, Jussi; McGraw, Robert; Laaksonen, Ari; Lehtinen, Kari E. J.
2015-01-07
Despite recent advances in monitoring nucleation from a vapor at close-to-molecular resolution, the identity of the critical cluster, forming the bottleneck for the nucleation process, remains elusive. During past twenty years, the first nucleation theorem has been often used to extract the size of the critical cluster from nucleation rate measurements. However, derivations of the first nucleation theorem invoke certain questionable assumptions that may fail, e.g., in the case of atmospheric new particle formation, including absence of subcritical cluster losses and heterogeneous nucleation on pre-existing nanoparticles. Here we extend the kinetic derivation of the first nucleation theorem to give amore »general framework to include such processes, yielding sum rules connecting the size dependent particle formation and loss rates to the corresponding loss-free nucleation rate and the apparent critical size from a naïve application of the first nucleation theorem that neglects them.« less
Power series with sum-product Taylor coefficients and their resurgence algebra
Ecalle, Jean
2009-01-01
The present paper is devoted to power series of SP type, i.e. with coefficients that are syntactically sum-product combinations. Apart from their applications to analytic knot theory and the so-called "Volume Conjecture'', SP-series are interesting in their own right, on at least four accounts: (i) they generate quite distinctive resurgence algebras (ii) they are one of those relatively rare instances when the resurgence properties have to be derived directly from the Taylor coefficients (iii) some of them produce singularities that unexpectedly verify finite-order differential equations (iv) all of them are best handled with the help of two remarkable, infinite-order integral-differential transforms, "mir" and "nir".
Heavy-to-light form factors: sum rules on the light cone and beyond
Wolfgang Lucha; Dmitri Melikhov; Silvano Simula
2007-04-12
We report the first systematic analysis of the off-light-cone effects in sum rules for heavy-to-light form factors. These effects are investigated in a model based on scalar constituents, which allows a technically rather simple analysis but has the essential features of the analogous QCD calculation. The correlator relevant for the extraction of the heavy-to-light form factor is calculated in two different ways: first, by adopting the full Bethe-Salpeter amplitude of the light meson and, second, by performing the expansion of this amplitude near the light cone $x^2=0$. We demonstrate that the contributions to the correlator from the light-cone term $x^2=0$ and the off-light-cone terms $x^2\
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Yan, Xin -Hu; Ye, Yun -Xiu; Chen, Jian -Ping; Lu, Hai -Jiang; Zhu, Peng -Jia; Jiang, Feng -Jian
2015-07-17
The radiation and ionization energy loss are presented for single arm Monte Carlo simulation for the GDH sum rule experiment in Hall-A at Jefferson Lab. Radiation and ionization energy loss are discussed for $^{12}C$ elastic scattering simulation. The relative momentum ratio $\\frac{\\Delta p}{p}$ and $^{12}C$ elastic cross section are compared without and with radiation energy loss and a reasonable shape is obtained by the simulation. The total energy loss distribution is obtained, showing a Landau shape for $^{12}C$ elastic scattering. This simulation work will give good support for radiation correction analysis of the GDH sum rule experiment.
Introducing SummerTime: a package for high-precision computation of sums appearing in DRA method
Lee, Roman N
2015-01-01
We introduce the Mathematica package SummerTime for arbitrary-precision computation of sums appearing in the results of DRA method. So far these results include the following families of the integrals: 3-loop onshell massless vertices, 3-loop onshell mass operator type integrals, 4-loop QED-type tadpoles, 4-loop massless propagators. The package can be used for high-precision numerical computation of the expansion coefficients of the integrals from the above families around arbitrary space-time dimension. In addition, this package can also be used for calculation of multiple zeta values, harmonic polylogarithms and other transcendental numbers expressed in terms of nested sums with factorized summand.
Introducing SummerTime: a package for high-precision computation of sums appearing in DRA method
Roman N. Lee; Kirill T. Mingulov
2015-07-15
We introduce the Mathematica package SummerTime for arbitrary-precision computation of sums appearing in the results of DRA method. So far these results include the following families of the integrals: 3-loop onshell massless vertices, 3-loop onshell mass operator type integrals, 4-loop QED-type tadpoles, 4-loop massless propagators. The package can be used for high-precision numerical computation of the expansion coefficients of the integrals from the above families around arbitrary space-time dimension. In addition, this package can also be used for calculation of multiple zeta values, harmonic polylogarithms and other transcendental numbers expressed in terms of nested sums with factorized summand.
On the Capacity of Hybrid Wireless Networks Benyuan Liu
Massachusetts at Amherst, University of
On the Capacity of Hybrid Wireless Networks Benyuan Liu , Zhen Liu + , Don Towsley Department 704 Yorktown Heights, NY 10598 Abstract-- We study the throughput capacity of hybrid wireless networks stations are assumed to be connected by a high-bandwidth wired network and act as relays for wireless nodes
A Framework for the Capacity Evaluation of Multihop Wireless Networks
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
A Framework for the Capacity Evaluation of Multihop Wireless Networks Herv´e Rivano CNRS - INRIA and localized CDS. Index Terms--network capacity, multihop wireless networks, upper and lower bounds, linear programing I. INTRODUCTION Ad hoc networks are spontaneous multihop topologies of wireless nodes
Storage Capacity of the Exponential Correlation Associative Memory
Hancock, Edwin
In this paper we analyze the pattern storage capacity of the exponential correlation asso- ciative memory(ECAM of the ECAM when presented with corrupted input patterns. Our model leads to an expression for the storage capacity of the ECAM both in terms of the length of the bit-patterns and the probabil- ity of bit
Outage and Capacity Analysis of Cellular CDMA With Admission Control
Chockalingam, A.
Outage and Capacity Analysis of Cellular CDMA With Admission Control S. AnandÝ , A. Chockalingam. Ltd., Bangalore, INDIA Abstract-- We analyze the outage and capacity performance of an interference based admission control strategy in cellular CDMA systems. Most approaches to estimate the outage
IEED Tribal Energy Development to Build Tribal Energy Development Capacity
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The Assistant Secretary - Indian Affairs for the U.S. Department of the Interior, through the Office of Indian Energy and Economic Development, is soliciting grant proposals from Indian tribes to build tribal capacity for energy resource development or management under the Department of the Interior's (DOl's) Tribal Energy Development Capacity (TEDC) grant program.
Shannon Capacity and Ramsey Numbers from Product of Graphs
Radziszowski, Stanislaw P.
Bounds on Shannon Capacity and Ramsey Numbers from Product of Graphs Xiaodong Xu Guangxi Academy Abstract In this paper we study Shannon capacity of channels in the context of classical Ramsey numbers. We by Abbott and Song and thus establish new lower bounds for a special type of multicolor Ramsey numbers. We
Optimal Demand Response Capacity of Automatic Lighting Control
Mohsenian-Rad, Hamed
1 Optimal Demand Response Capacity of Automatic Lighting Control Seyed Ataollah Raziei and Hamed-mails: razieis1@udayton.edu and hamed@ee.ucr.edu Abstract--Demand response programs seek to ad- just the normal prior studies have extensively studied the capacity of offering demand response in buildings
UMTS Capacity and Throughput Maximization for Different Spreading Factors
Akl, Robert
for signal-to-interference threshold from 5 dB to 10 dB and spreading factor values of 256, 64, 16, and 4 Erlang capacity based on the Lost Call Held (LCH) model as described in [4]. This algorithm calculates expression of Erlang capacity for a single type of traffic loading and compare analytical results
ORIGINAL ARTICLE Effect of Different Sitting Postures on Lung Capacity,
Makhsous, Mohsen
ORIGINAL ARTICLE Effect of Different Sitting Postures on Lung Capacity, Expiratory Flow, and Lumbar, Makhsous M. Effect of different sitting postures on lung capacity, expiratory flow, and lumbar lordosis. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2006;87:504-9. Objective: To investigate the effect of sitting posture on lung
GROUNDWATER NITRATE REMOVAL CAPACITY OF RIPARIAN ZONES IN
Gold, Art
GROUNDWATER NITRATE REMOVAL CAPACITY OF RIPARIAN ZONES IN URBANIZING WATERSHEDS BY TARA KIMBERLY the watershed, however, is not well understood. Nitrate in groundwater moving through the "biologically active and geomorphology of riparian zones, potentially changing riparian groundwater denitrification capacity. Little work
Maximum oxidative phosphorylation capacity of the mammalian heart
Mootha, Vamsi K.
Maximum oxidative phosphorylation capacity of the mammalian heart VAMSI K. MOOTHA, ANDREW E. ARAI, AND ROBERT S. BALABAN Laboratory of Cardiac Energetics, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National. Maximum oxidative phosphorylation capacity of the mammalian heart. Am. J. Physiol. 272 (Heart Circ
Towards Optimal Capacity Segmentation with Hybrid Cloud Pricing
Li, Baochun
between periodic auctions and EC2 spot market. Furthermore, we formulate the optimal capacity segmentationTowards Optimal Capacity Segmentation with Hybrid Cloud Pricing Wei Wang, Baochun Li, and Ben Liang Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of Toronto Abstract--Cloud resources are usually
Competitive Acquisition of Prioritizable Capacity-Based Ancillary Services
the competitive procurement of capacity-based ancillary services (AS) in unbundled markets by the Independent Grid integrate the markets for ancillary services into the wholesale electricity market through the formulation1 Competitive Acquisition of Prioritizable Capacity-Based Ancillary Services Gianfranco Chicco
Towards Optimal Capacity Segmentation with Hybrid Cloud Pricing
Liang, Ben
and EC2 spot market. Furthermore, we formulate the optimal capacity segmentation strategy as a MarkovTowards Optimal Capacity Segmentation with Hybrid Cloud Pricing Wei Wang, Baochun Li, and Ben Liang Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of Toronto Toronto, ON M5S 3G4, Canada weiwang
Marlin, Benjamin
Motivation Gradient Method Stochastic Subgradient Finite-Sum Methods Non-Smooth Objectives Modern) International Conference on Machine Learning Peter RichtÂ´arik and Mark Schmidt July 2015 #12;Motivation Gradient. Not gigabytes, but terabytes or petabytes (and beyond). #12;Motivation Gradient Method Stochastic Subgradient
Solving Random Subset Sum Problem by lp-norm SVP Gengran Hu, Yanbin Pan and Feng Zhang
International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)
Solving Random Subset Sum Problem by lp-norm SVP Oracle Gengran Hu, Yanbin Pan and Feng Zhang Key, it is a long standing open problem to solve the RSSP instances with density 1 using the lattice l2-norm SVP be solved with an l2-norm SVP oracle by Lagarias and Odlyzko. Later, Coster et al. improved the bound to 0
Impact of Salt Purity on Interfacial Water Organization Revealed by Conventional and Heterodyne of the chosen salts and their solutions. This is true not only for the ACS grade salts but also vibrational sum frequency generation (VSFG) and heterodyne-detected VSFG (HD-VSFG) spectroscopy that salt
Acta Arith. 148(2011), no.1, 63-76. p-ADIC VALUATIONS OF SOME SUMS
Sun, Zhi-Wei
2011-01-01
Acta Arith. 148(2011), no.1, 63-76. p-ADIC VALUATIONS OF SOME SUMS OF MULTINOMIAL COEFFICIENTS Zhi number 1 k+1 2k k . This implies several con- jectures of Guo and Zeng [GZ]. We also raise two;2 ZHI-WEI SUN 1. Introduction Let p be a prime. In 2006 Pan and Sun [PS] obtained various congru- ences
The Sum of All Human Knowledge in Your Pocket: Full-Text Searchable Wikipedia on a Raspberry Pi
Daume III, Hal
The Sum of All Human Knowledge in Your Pocket: Full-Text Searchable Wikipedia on a Raspberry Pi-text searchable copy of Wiki- pedia on a Raspberry Pi, providing nearby devices access to content via wifi- ware to provide a full-text searchable copy of Wikipedia on a Raspberry Pi, an inexpensive computer
A zero-sum economic game Walmart and KMart are each planning to build a store in an area with
Galvin, David
A zero-sum economic game Walmart and KMart are each planning to build a store in an area with three will choose Walmart. If shoppers have to choose between a nearby Walmart and a further away KMart, 90% will choose Walmart. If KMart is closer, 40% will still choose Walmart. Because it is too small, Walmart
Tolbert, Leon M.
of solar cells are dc voltages, and if this energy is to be fed to into an ac power grid, a powerThe Use of Power Sums to Solve the Harmonic Elimination Equations for Multilevel Converters EPE electronic interface is required. A multilevel inverter is ideal for connecting such distributed dc energy
Pomorska, Bozena
.p. energy space (e-folding). An alternative way of obtaining of the smooth energy by folding of the singleDIFFERENCE OF THE AVERAGE SINGLE-PARTICLE ENERGY SUMS OBTAINED BY SMOOTHING IN ENERGY AND PARTICLE the smooth energy of nucleus is obtained by folding of the single-particle (s.p.) energy density in the s
Roy, S.; Gruenbaum, S. M.; Skinner, J. L.
2014-11-14
Understanding the structure of water near cell membranes is crucial for characterizing water-mediated events such as molecular transport. To obtain structural information of water near a membrane, it is useful to have a surface-selective technique that can probe only interfacial water molecules. One such technique is vibrational sum-frequency generation (VSFG) spectroscopy. As model systems for studying membrane headgroup/water interactions, in this paper we consider lipid and surfactant monolayers on water. We adopt a theoretical approach combining molecular dynamics simulations and phase-sensitive VSFG to investigate water structure near these interfaces. Our simulated spectra are in qualitative agreement with experiments and reveal orientational ordering of interfacial water molecules near cationic, anionic, and zwitterionic interfaces. OH bonds of water molecules point toward an anionic interface leading to a positive VSFG peak, whereas the water hydrogen atoms point away from a cationic interface leading to a negative VSFG peak. Coexistence of these two interfacial water species is observed near interfaces between water and mixtures of cationic and anionic lipids, as indicated by the presence of both negative and positive peaks in their VSFG spectra. In the case of a zwitterionic interface, OH orientation is toward the interface on the average, resulting in a positive VSFG peak.
Approximation of functions of variable smoothness by Fourier-Legendre sums
Sharapudinov, I I
2000-06-30
Assume that 0<{mu}{<=}1, and let r{>=}1 be an integer. Let {delta}={l_brace}a{sub 1},...,a{sub l}{r_brace}, where the a{sub i} are points in the interval (-1,1). The classes S{sup r}H{sup {mu}}{sub {delta}} and S{sup r}H{sup {mu}}{sub {delta}}(B) are introduced. These consist of functions with absolutely continuous (r-1)th derivative on [-1,1] such that their rth and (r+1)th derivatives satisfy certain conditions outside the set {delta}. It is proved that for 0<{mu}<1 the Fourier-Legendre sums realize the best approximation in the classes S{sup r}H{sup {mu}}{sub {delta}}(B). Using the Fourier-Legendre expansions, polynomials Y{sub n+2r} of order n+2r are constructed that possess the following property: for 0<{mu}<1 the {nu}th derivative of the polynomial Y{sub n+2r} approximates f{sup ({nu})}(x) (f element of S{sup r}H{sup {mu}}{sub {delta}}) on [-1,1] to within O(n{sup {nu}}{sup +1-r-{mu}}), and the accuracy is of order O(n{sup {nu}}{sup -r-{mu}}) outside {delta}.
Sum frequency and second harmonic generation from the surface of a liquid microjet
Smolentsev, Nikolay; Chen, Yixing; Roke, Sylvie; Jena, Kailash C.; Brown, Matthew A.
2014-11-14
The use of a liquid microjet as a possible source of interest for Second Harmonic Generation (SHG) and Sum Frequency Generation (SFG) spectroscopy is examined. We measured non-resonant SHG scattering patterns from the air/water interface of a microjet of pure water and observe a strong enhancement of the SHG signal for certain scattering angles. These enhancements can be explained by the optical properties and the shape of the liquid microjet. SFG experiments at the surface of a liquid microjet of ethanol in air show that it is also possible to measure the coherent vibrational SFG spectrum of the ethanol/air interface in this way. Our findings are useful for future far-UV or X-ray based nonlinear optical surface experiments on liquid jets. In addition, combined X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and SHG/SFG measurements are feasible, which will be very useful in improving our understanding of the molecular foundations of electrostatic and chemical surface properties and phenomena.
Precision calculation of threshold pi^- d scattering, pi N scattering lengths, and the GMO sum rule
V. Baru; C. Hanhart; M. Hoferichter; B. Kubis; A. Nogga; D. R. Phillips
2011-10-14
We use chiral perturbation theory (ChPT) to calculate the $\\pi^- d$ scattering length with an accuracy of a few percent, including isospin-violating corrections both in the two- and three-body sector. In particular, we provide the technical details of a recent letter, where we used data on pionic deuterium and pionic hydrogen atoms to extract the isoscalar and isovector pion-nucleon scattering lengths $a^+$ and $a^-$. We study isospin-breaking contributions to the three-body part of $a_{\\pi^-d}$ due to mass differences, isospin violation in the $\\pi N$ scattering lengths, and virtual photons. This last class of effects is ostensibly infrared enhanced due to the smallness of the deuteron binding energy. However, we show that the leading virtual-photon effects that might undergo such enhancement cancel, and hence the standard ChPT counting provides a reliable estimate of isospin violation in $a_{\\pi^- d}$ due to virtual photons. Finally, we discuss the validity of the Goldberger-Miyazawa-Oehme sum rule in the presence of isospin violation, and use it to determine the charged-pion-nucleon coupling constant.
Precision calculation of threshold pi^- d scattering, pi N scattering lengths, and the GMO sum rule
Baru, V; Hoferichter, M; Kubis, B; Nogga, A; Phillips, D R
2011-01-01
We use chiral perturbation theory (ChPT) to calculate the $\\pi^- d$ scattering length with an accuracy of a few percent, including isospin-violating corrections both in the two- and three-body sector. In particular, we provide the technical details of a recent letter, where we used data on pionic deuterium and pionic hydrogen atoms to extract the isoscalar and isovector pion-nucleon scattering lengths $a^+$ and $a^-$. We study isospin-breaking contributions to the three-body part of $a_{\\pi^-d}$ due to mass differences, isospin violation in the $\\pi N$ scattering lengths, and virtual photons. This last class of effects is ostensibly infrared enhanced due to the smallness of the deuteron binding energy. However, we show that the leading virtual-photon effects that might undergo such enhancement cancel, and hence the standard ChPT counting provides a reliable estimate of isospin violation in $a_{\\pi^- d}$ due to virtual photons. Finally, we discuss the validity of the Goldberger-Miyazawa-Oehme sum rule in the p...
Qin, Hong; Phillips, Cynthia K.; Davidson, Ronald C.
2008-02-20
We welcome the Comment by Lerche et al on our recent paper titled "A new derivation of the plasma susceptibility tensor for a hot magnetized plasma without infinite sums of products of Bessel functions." The Comment brings up additional historical facts about previous research on the infinite sums of products of Bessel functions appearing in the plasma susceptibility.
Kim, Myung Soo
Development of a coherent vacuum ultraviolet source at 104108 nm generated by four-wave sum-harmonic generation and four-wave mixing in a gas- eous nonlinear medium.811 Two tunable outputs from a pulsed dye ultraviolet VUV light source in the 104108 nm range has been developed by utilizing four-wave sum frequency
The multicast capacity region of large wireless networks
Shah, Devavrat
We study the problem of determining the multicast capacity region of a wireless network of n nodes randomly located in an extended area and communicating with each other over Gaussian fading channels. We obtain an explicit ...
Offshore Wind Energy Market Installed Capacity is Anticipated...
Offshore Wind Energy Market Installed Capacity is Anticipated to Reach 52,120.9 MW by 2022 Home > Groups > Renewable Energy RFPs Wayne31jan's picture Submitted by Wayne31jan(150)...
Creative agencies : a model for building community capacity
Ramaccia, Elizabeth M. (Elizabeth Marie)
2011-01-01
This research investigates how existing initiatives based in artistic and non-artistic disciplines build indigenous capacity for leadership in disenfranchised communities through the application of the creative process. ...
Predictive capacity planning modeling with tactical and strategic applications
Zeppieri, Michael A. (Michael Anthony), 1975-
2004-01-01
The focus of my internship was the development of a predictive capacity planning model to characterize the storage requirements and space utilization for Amazon's Campbellsville (SDF) Fulfillment Center (FC). Amazon currently ...
Strategies for Sharing Bottleneck Capacity among Buses and Cars
Guler, Sukran Ilgin
2012-01-01
enable buses to bypass the car queues that still form atcrease a bottleneck’s car-carrying capacity, in comparisonthat significant reductions in car delays can result while
Fail Safe Design for Large Capacity Lithium-ion Batteries
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Fail Safe Design for Large Capacity Lithium-ion Batteries NREL Commercialization & Tech Transfer Webinar March 27, 2011 Gi-Heon Kim gi-heon.kim@nrel.gov John Ireland, Kyu-Jin Lee,...
,"U.S. Underground Natural Gas Storage Capacity"
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
012015 7:00:34 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Underground Natural Gas Storage Capacity" "Sourcekey","N5290US2","NA1393NUS2","NA1392NUS2","NA1391NUS2","NGAEP...
Nitrogen expander cycles for large capacity liquefaction of natural gas
Chang, Ho-Myung; Park, Jae Hoon; Gwak, Kyung Hyun; Choe, Kun Hyung
2014-01-29
Thermodynamic study is performed on nitrogen expander cycles for large capacity liquefaction of natural gas. In order to substantially increase the capacity, a Brayton refrigeration cycle with nitrogen expander was recently added to the cold end of the reputable propane pre-cooled mixed-refrigerant (C3-MR) process. Similar modifications with a nitrogen expander cycle are extensively investigated on a variety of cycle configurations. The existing and modified cycles are simulated with commercial process software (Aspen HYSYS) based on selected specifications. The results are compared in terms of thermodynamic efficiency, liquefaction capacity, and estimated size of heat exchangers. The combination of C3-MR with partial regeneration and pre-cooling of nitrogen expander cycle is recommended to have a great potential for high efficiency and large capacity.
Saudi production capacity climbing to 10 million b/d
Not Available
1994-07-11
Saudi Arabia this year is completing its expansion of production capacity and developing recent discoveries to enhance export flexibility. The 3 million b/d capacity expansion to 10 million b/d, announced in 1989, is on target for completion by year end 1994. Most of the effort involves restoration of mothballed production equipment and installation of several gas-oil separation plants (GOSPs) in existing fields. But Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco) also this year will start up production of extra-light oil from a new field in the central part of the kingdom. Start-up of Hawtah area production demonstrates success of an oil search Aramco began after receiving exclusive exploration rights to nearly all of Saudi Arabia's prospective area in 1986. From new fields and traditional producing areas, therefore, Saudi Arabia has the potential to expand production capacity beyond 10 million b/d. The paper describes the development of the extra capacity.
On the Capacity of Cognitive Relay assisted Gaussian Interference Channel
Jafar, Syed A.
On the Capacity of Cognitive Relay assisted Gaussian Interference Channel Sriram Sridharan, Sriram: srid- hara@ece.utexas.edu; sriram@ece.utexas.edu). S. Sridharan and S. Vish- wanath are supported
On the Capacity of Vector Gaussian Interference Channels Sriram Vishwanath
Jafar, Syed A.
On the Capacity of Vector Gaussian Interference Channels Sriram Vishwanath Electrical and Computer Engineering Univ. of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712 e-mail: sriram@ece.utexas.edu Syed Ali Jafar Electrical
Table 2. Ten largest plants by generation capacity, 2013
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
District of Columbia" ,"Plant","Primary energy source","Operating company","Net summer capacity (MW)" 1,"US GSA Heating and Transmission","Natural gas","US GSA Heating and...
Capacity planning and change management in an aerospace overhaul cell
Walker, David, M.B.A. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
2013-01-01
Purpose - This thesis analyzes the transformation of the Small Components Cell in Pratt & Whitney's aftermarket division through lean manufacturing techniques. The thesis focuses on use of a labor capacity planning model, ...
Dynamics of social contagions with limited contact capacity
Wang, Wei; Zhu, Yu-Xiao; Tang, Ming; Zhang, Yi-Cheng
2015-01-01
Individuals are always limited by some inelastic resources, such as time and energy, which restrict them to dedicate to social interaction and limit their contact capacity. Contact capacity plays an important role in dynamics of social contagions, which so far has eluded theoretical analysis. In this paper, we first propose a non-Markovian model to understand the effects of contact capacity on social contagions, in which each individual can only contact and transmit the information to a finite number of neighbors. We then develop a heterogeneous edge-based compartmental theory for this model, and a remarkable agreement with simulations is obtained. Through theory and simulations, we find that enlarging the contact capacity makes the network more fragile to behavior spreading. Interestingly, we find that both the continuous and discontinuous dependence of the final adoption size on the information transmission probability can arise. And there is a crossover phenomenon between the two types of dependence. More ...
Prediction of Heat Capacities of Solid Inorganic Salts from Group
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
Prediction of Heat Capacities of Solid Inorganic Salts from Group Contributions. )&-SUB -- 7 5- g 7 A. T. M. Golam Mostafa, James M. Eakman* Department of Chemical Engineering New...
High capacity stabilized complex hydrides for hydrogen storage
Zidan, Ragaiy; Mohtadi, Rana F; Fewox, Christopher; Sivasubramanian, Premkumar
2014-11-11
Complex hydrides based on Al(BH.sub.4).sub.3 are stabilized by the presence of one or more additional metal elements or organic adducts to provide high capacity hydrogen storage material.
Table 2. Ten Largest Plants by Generation Capacity, 2013
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
Vermont" ,"Plant","Primary energy source","Operating company","Net summer capacity (MW)" 1,"Vermont Yankee","Nuclear","Entergy Nuclear Vermont Yankee",619.4 2,"Kingdom Community...
Real options approach to capacity planning under uncertainty
Mittal, Geetanjali, 1979-
2004-01-01
This thesis highlights the effectiveness of Real Options Analysis (ROA) in capacity planning decisions for engineering projects subject to uncertainty. This is in contrast to the irreversible decision-making proposed by ...
Creative capacity building in post-conflict Uganda
Taha, Kofi A. (Kofi Abdul Malik)
2011-01-01
Creative Capacity Building (CCB) is a methodology that emphasizes the ability of people living in poverty to create livelihood technologies, i.e., machines and tools that increase income, improve health and safety, decrease ...
Table 2. Ten Largest Plants by Generation Capacity, 2013
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
California" ,"Plant","Primary energy source","Operating company","Net summer capacity (MW)" 1,"Dynegy Moss Landing Power Plant","Natural gas","Dynegy -Moss Landing LLC",2529...
Capacity Requirements to Support Inter-Balancing Area Wind Delivery
Kirby, B.; Milligan, M.
2009-07-01
Paper examines the capacity requirements that arise as wind generation is integrated into the power system and how those requirements change depending on where the wind energy is delivered.
Why Are We Talking About Capacity Markets? (Presentation)
Milligan, M.
2011-06-01
Capacity markets represent a new and novel way to achieve greater economic use of variable generation assets such as wind and solar, and this concept is discussed in this presentation.
,"U.S. Underground Natural Gas Storage Capacity"
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
012015 7:00:34 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Underground Natural Gas Storage Capacity" "Sourcekey","N5290US2","NGAEPG0SACW0NUSMMCF","NA1394NUS8"...
Quantum Mutual Information Capacity for High-Dimensional Entangled States
Dixon, P. Ben
High-dimensional Hilbert spaces used for quantum communication channels offer the possibility of large data transmission capabilities. We propose a method of characterizing the channel capacity of an entangled photonic ...
Evaluating the impact of interventions on network capacity
Rapolu, Sujith Reddy
2010-01-01
Analyzing the capacity impact of different diverse interventions on the network is essential in understanding the causes of congestion. In this thesis, a framework to understand the effects of different disruption events ...
Biomass Power Generation Market Capacity is Estimated to Reach...
Biomass Power Generation Market Capacity is Estimated to Reach 122,331.6 MW by 2022 Home > Groups > Renewable Energy RFPs Wayne31jan's picture Submitted by Wayne31jan(150)...
SEISMIC CAPACITY OF THREADED, BRAZED AND GROOVED PIPE JOINTS
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
Seismic Capacity of Threaded, Brazed and Grooved Pipe Joints Brent Gutierrez, PhD, PE George Antaki, PE, F.ASME DOE NPH Conference October 25-26, 2011
High-Rate, High-Capacity Binder-Free Electrode
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
that this process could be employed for any high-volume expansion material. * Volumetric capacity at 1C is 2000 mAhcm 3 (3 x graphite). Commercial Fe 3 O 4 material works...
Development of operations based long range network capacity planning models
Wilson, Cynthia M. (Cynthia Marie)
2011-01-01
Planning for vaccines manufacturing capacity is both a complex task requiring many inputs and an important function of manufacturers to ensure the supply of vaccines that prevent life-threatening illnesses. This thesis ...
Tri-Laboratory Linux Capacity Cluster 2007 SOW
Seager, M
2007-03-22
The Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) Program (formerly know as Accelerated Strategic Computing Initiative, ASCI) has led the world in capability computing for the last ten years. Capability computing is defined as a world-class platform (in the Top10 of the Top500.org list) with scientific simulations running at scale on the platform. Example systems are ASCI Red, Blue-Pacific, Blue-Mountain, White, Q, RedStorm, and Purple. ASC applications have scaled to multiple thousands of CPUs and accomplished a long list of mission milestones on these ASC capability platforms. However, the computing demands of the ASC and Stockpile Stewardship programs also include a vast number of smaller scale runs for day-to-day simulations. Indeed, every 'hero' capability run requires many hundreds to thousands of much smaller runs in preparation and post processing activities. In addition, there are many aspects of the Stockpile Stewardship Program (SSP) that can be directly accomplished with these so-called 'capacity' calculations. The need for capacity is now so great within the program that it is increasingly difficult to allocate the computer resources required by the larger capability runs. To rectify the current 'capacity' computing resource shortfall, the ASC program has allocated a large portion of the overall ASC platforms budget to 'capacity' systems. In addition, within the next five to ten years the Life Extension Programs (LEPs) for major nuclear weapons systems must be accomplished. These LEPs and other SSP programmatic elements will further drive the need for capacity calculations and hence 'capacity' systems as well as future ASC capability calculations on 'capability' systems. To respond to this new workload analysis, the ASC program will be making a large sustained strategic investment in these capacity systems over the next ten years, starting with the United States Government Fiscal Year 2007 (GFY07). However, given the growing need for 'capability' systems as well, the budget demands are extreme and new, more cost effective ways of fielding these systems must be developed. This Tri-Laboratory Linux Capacity Cluster (TLCC) procurement represents the ASC first investment vehicle in these capacity systems. It also represents a new strategy for quickly building, fielding and integrating many Linux clusters of various sizes into classified and unclassified production service through a concept of Scalable Units (SU). The programmatic objective is to dramatically reduce the overall Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) of these 'capacity' systems relative to the best practices in Linux Cluster deployments today. This objective only makes sense in the context of these systems quickly becoming very robust and useful production clusters under the crushing load that will be inflicted on them by the ASC and SSP scientific simulation capacity workload.
Flood control reservoir operations for conditions of limited storage capacity
Rivera Ramirez, Hector David
2005-02-17
-1 FLOOD CONTROL RESERVOIR OPERATIONS FOR CONDITIONS OF LIMITED STORAGE CAPACITY A Dissertation by HECTOR DAVID RIVERA RAMIREZ Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY December 2004 Major Subject: Civil Engineering FLOOD CONTROL RESERVOIR OPERATIONS FOR CONDITIONS OF LIMITED STORAGE CAPACITY A Dissertation by HECTOR DAVID RIVERA...
Capacity with energy constraint in coherent state channel
Masahito Hayashi
2009-04-02
We consider two kind of energy constraints when the output state is a coherent state. One is a constraint on the total energy during a fixed period; the other is a constraint on the total energy for a single code. The first setting can be easily dealt with by using the conventional capacity formula. The second setting requires the general capacity formula for a classical-quantum channel.
Classical capacity of Gaussian communication under a single noisy channel
Jaehak Lee; Se-Wan Ji; Jiyong Park; Hyunchul Nha
2015-05-06
A long-standing problem on the classical capacity of bosonic Gaussian channels has recently been resolved by proving the minimum output entropy conjecture. It is also known that the ultimate capacity quantified by the Holevo bound can be achieved asymptotically by using an infinite number of channels. However, it is less understood to what extent the communication capacity can be reached if one uses a finite number of channels, which is a topic of practical importance. In this paper, we study the capacity of Gaussian communication, i.e., employing Gaussian states and Gaussian measurements to encode and decode information under a single-channel use. We prove that the optimal capacity of single-channel Gaussian communication is achieved by one of two well-known protocols, i.e., coherent-state communication or squeezed-state communication, depending on the energy (number of photons) as well as the characteristics of the channel. Our result suggests that the coherent-state scheme known to achieve the ultimate information-theoretic capacity is not a practically optimal scheme for the case of using a finite number of channels. We find that overall the squeezed-state communication is optimal in a small-photon-number regime whereas the coherent-state communication performs better in a large-photon-number regime.
Water holding capacities of fly ashes: Effect of size fractionation
Sarkar, A.; Rano, R.
2007-07-01
Water holding capacities of fly ashes from different thermal power plants in Eastern India have been compared. Moreover, the effect of size fractionation (sieving) on the water holding capacities has also been determined. The desorption rate of water held by the fly ash fractions at ambient temperature (25-30{sup o}C) has been investigated. The effect of mixing various size fractions of fly ash in increasing the water holding capacities of fly ash has been studied. It is observed that the fly ash obtained from a thermal power plant working on stoker-fired combustor has the highest water holding capacity, followed by the one that works on pulverized fuel combustor. Fly ash collected from super thermal power plant has the least water holding capacity (40.7%). The coarser size fractions of fly ashes in general have higher water holding capacities than the finer ones. An attempt has been made to correlate the results obtained, with the potential use in agriculture.
Kohn, Gabriel (Omer, IL); Hicho, George (Derwood, MD); Swartzendruber, Lydon (New Carrollton, MD)
1997-01-01
A steel hardness measurement system and method of using same are provided for measuring at least one mechanical or magnetic characteristic of a ferromagnetic sample as a function of at least one magnetic characteristic of the sample. A magnetic field generator subjects the sample to a variable external magnetic field. The magnetic field intensity of the magnetic field generated by the magnetic field generating means is measured and a signal sensor is provided for measuring Barkhausen signals from the sample when the sample is subjected to the external magnetic field. A signal processing unit calculates a jump sum rate first moment as a function of the Barkhausen signals measured by the signal sensor and the magnetic field intensity, and for determining the at least one mechanical or magnetic characteristic as a function of the jump sum rate first moment.
Kohn, G.; Hicho, G.; Swartzendruber, L.
1997-04-08
A steel hardness measurement system and method of using same are provided for measuring at least one mechanical or magnetic characteristic of a ferromagnetic sample as a function of at least one magnetic characteristic of the sample. A magnetic field generator subjects the sample to a variable external magnetic field. The magnetic field intensity of the magnetic field generated by the magnetic field generating means is measured and a signal sensor is provided for measuring Barkhausen signals from the sample when the sample is subjected to the external magnetic field. A signal processing unit calculates a jump sum rate first moment as a function of the Barkhausen signals measured by the signal sensor and the magnetic field intensity, and for determining the at least one mechanical or magnetic characteristic as a function of the jump sum rate first moment. 7 figs.
M. Wakamatsu; H. Tsujimoto
2005-03-29
The theoretical predictions are given for the forward limit of the unpolarized spin-flip isovector generalized parton distribution function $(E^u - E^d)(x, \\xi, t)$ within the framework of the chiral quark soliton model, with full inclusion of the polarization of Dirac sea quarks. We observe that $[(H^u - H^d) + (E^u - E^d)](x,0,0)$ has a sharp peak around $x=0$, which we interpret as a signal of the importance of the pionic $q \\bar{q}$ excitation with large spatial extension in the transverse direction. Another interesting indication given by the predicted distribution in combination with Ji's angular momentum sum rule is that the $\\bar{d}$-quark carries more angular momentum than the $\\bar{u}$-quark in the proton, which may have some relation with the physics of the violation of the Gottfried sum rule.
J. Number Theory 130(2010), no. 12, 27012706. ON 2-ADIC ORDERS OF SOME BINOMIAL SUMS
Sun, Zhi-Wei
2010-01-01
and Zhi-Wei Sun Abstract. We prove that for any nonnegative integers n and r the binomial sum n k=-n 2n n of n. This confirms a recent conjecture of Guo and Zeng [J. Number Theory, 130(2010), 172186]. In 1976, . . . }. Recently, Guo and Zeng [1] proved that 2 n2 2n n n k=1 2n n - k k2r+1 is an odd integer if n, r Z+ = {1, 2
On the Sum of the Non-Negative Lyapunov Exponents for Some Cocycles Related to the Anderson Model
Ilia Binder; Michael Goldstein; Mircea Voda
2014-08-03
We provide an explicit lower bound for the the sum of the non-negative Lyapunov exponents for some cocycles related to the Anderson model. In particular, for the Anderson model on a strip of width $ W $ the lower bound is proportional to $ W^{-\\epsilon} $, for any $ \\epsilon>0 $. This bound is consistent with the fact that the lowest non-negative Lyapunov exponent is conjectured to have a lower bound proportional to $ W^{-1} $.
How precisely can we determine the pion-nucleon coupling constant from the isovector GMO sum rule?
B. Loiseau; T. E. O. Ericson; A. W. Thomas
2000-02-04
The isovector GMO sum rule for zero energy forward pion-nucleon scattering is critically studied to obtain the charged pion-nucleon coupling constant using the precise negatively charged pion-proton and pion-deuteron scattering lengths deduced recently from pionic atom experiments. This direct determination leads to a pseudoscalar charged pion-nucleon coupling constant of 14.23 +- 0.09 (statistic) +- 0.17 (systematic). We obtain also accurate values for the pion-nucleon scattering lengths.
How Precisely can we Determine the $\\piNN$ Coupling Constant from the Isovector GMO Sum Rule?
Loiseau, B; Thomas, A W
1999-01-01
The isovector GMO sum rule for zero energy forward pion-nucleon scattering iscritically studied to obtain the charged pion-nucleon coupling constant usingthe precise negatively charged pion-proton and pion-deuteron scattering lengthsdeduced recently from pionic atom experiments. This direct determination leadsto a pseudoscalar charged pion-nucleon coupling constant of 14.23 +- 0.09(statistic) +- 0.17 (systematic). We obtain also accurate values for thepion-nucleon scattering lengths.
Levy, Mel, E-mail: ayers@mcmaster.ca, E-mail: mlevy@tulane.edu [Department of Chemistry, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708 (United States) [Department of Chemistry, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708 (United States); Department of Physics, North Carolina A and T State University, Greensboro, North Carolina 27411 (United States); Department of Chemistry, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana 70118 (United States); Anderson, James S. M.; Zadeh, Farnaz Heidar; Ayers, Paul W., E-mail: ayers@mcmaster.ca, E-mail: mlevy@tulane.edu [Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario (Canada)
2014-05-14
Properties of exact density functionals provide useful constraints for the development of new approximate functionals. This paper focuses on convex sums of ground-level densities. It is observed that the electronic kinetic energy of a convex sum of degenerate ground-level densities is equal to the convex sum of the kinetic energies of the individual degenerate densities. (The same type of relationship holds also for the electron-electron repulsion energy.) This extends a known property of the Levy-Valone Ensemble Constrained-Search and the Lieb Legendre-Transform refomulations of the Hohenberg-Kohn functional to the individual components of the functional. Moreover, we observe that the kinetic and electron-repulsion results also apply to densities with fractional electron number (even if there are no degeneracies), and we close with an analogous point-wise property involving the external potential. Examples where different degenerate states have different kinetic energy and electron-nuclear attraction energy are given; consequently, individual components of the ground state electronic energy can change abruptly when the molecular geometry changes. These discontinuities are predicted to be ubiquitous at conical intersections, complicating the development of universally applicable density-functional approximations.
March 25 Webinar to Focus on Building Tribal Capacity to Deploy...
Webinar to Focus on Building Tribal Capacity to Deploy Strategic Energy Plans and Guide Project Development Decisions March 25 Webinar to Focus on Building Tribal Capacity to...
LG to DOE General Counsel; Re:Request for Comment on Large Capacity...
Capacity Clothes Washers LG response to DOE's request for information regarding alternative test procedures for large-capacity clothes washer models, December 7, 2010. After...
Method of orbit sums in the theory of modular vector invariants
Stepanov, S A
2006-12-31
Let F be a field, V a finite-dimensional F-vector space, G{<=}GL{sub F}(V) a finite group, and V{sup m}=V+...+V the m-fold direct sum with the diagonal action of G. The group G acts naturally on the symmetric graded algebra A{sub m}=F[V{sup m}] as a group of non-degenerate linear transformations of the variables. Let A{sub m}{sup G} be the subalgebra of invariants of the polynomial algebra A{sub m} with respect to G. A classical result of Noether [1] says that if charF=0, then A{sub m}{sup G} is generated as an F-algebra by homogeneous polynomials of degree at most |G|, no matter how large m can be. On the other hand, it was proved by Richman [2], [3] that this result does not hold when the characteristic of F is positive and divides the order |G| of G. Let p, p>2, be a prime number, F=F{sub p} a finite field of p elements, V a linear F{sub p}-vector space of dimension n, and H{<=}GL{sub F{sub p}}(V) a cyclic group of order p generated by a matrix {gamma} of a certain special form. In this paper we describe explicitly (Theorem 1) one complete set of generators of A{sub m}{sup H}. After that, for an arbitrary complete set of generators of this algebra we find a lower bound for the highest degree of the generating elements of this algebra. This is a significant extension of the corresponding result of Campbell and Hughes [4] for the particular case of n=2. As a consequence we show (Theorem 3) that if m>n and G{>=}H is an arbitrary finite group, then each complete set of generators of A{sub m}{sup G} contains an element of degree at least 2(m-n+2r)(p-1)/r, where r=r(H) is a positive integer dependent on the structure of the generating matrix {gamma} of the group H. This result refines considerably the earlier lower bound obtained by Richman [3].
Plug and Process Loads Capacity and Power Requirements Analysis
Sheppy, M.; Gentile-Polese, L.
2014-09-01
This report addresses gaps in actionable knowledge that would help reduce the plug load capacities designed into buildings. Prospective building occupants and real estate brokers lack accurate references for plug and process load (PPL) capacity requirements, so they often request 5-10 W/ft2 in their lease agreements. Limited initial data, however, suggest that actual PPL densities in leased buildings are substantially lower. Overestimating PPL capacity leads designers to oversize electrical infrastructure and cooling systems. Better guidance will enable improved sizing and design of these systems, decrease upfront capital costs, and allow systems to operate more energy efficiently. The main focus of this report is to provide industry with reliable, objective third-party guidance to address the information gap in typical PPL densities for commercial building tenants. This could drive changes in negotiations about PPL energy demands.
Optimal Encoding Capacity of a Linear Optical Quantum Channel
Jake A. Smith; Dmitry B. Uskov; Lev Kaplan
2015-08-10
Here, we study the capacity of a quantum channel, assuming linear optical encoding, as a function of available photons and optical modes. First, we observe that substantial improvement is made possible by not restricting ourselves to a rail-encoded qubit basis. Then, we derive an analytic formula for general channel capacity and show that this capacity is achieved without requiring the use of entangling operations typically required for scalable universal quantum computation, e.g. KLM measurement-assisted transformations. As an example, we provide an explicit encoding scheme using the resources required of standard dense coding using two dual-rail qubits (2 photons in 4 modes). In this case, our protocol encodes one additional bit of information. Greater gains are expected for larger systems.
Bounds on the outage-constrained capacity region of space-division multiple-access radio systems
Jin, Haipeng; Acampora, A
2004-01-01
Broadcast Channels - Part I: Outage Capacity,” IEEE Trans.Bounds on the Outage-Constrained Capacity Region of Spacethe capacity limit as an outage region rates contained
Method of increasing the sulfation capacity of alkaline earth sorbents
Shearer, J.A.; Turner, C.B.; Johnson, I.
1980-03-13
A system and method for increasing the sulfation capacity of alkaline earth carbonates to scrub sulfur dioxide produced during the fluidized bed combustion of coal in which partially sulfated alkaline earth carbonates are hydrated in a fluidized bed to crack the sulfate coating and convert the alkaline earth oxide to the hydroxide. Subsequent dehydration of the sulfate-hydroxide to a sulfate-oxide particle produces particles having larger pore size, increased porosity, decreased grain size and additional sulfation capacity. A continuous process is disclosed.
Capacity Proportional Unstructured Peer-to-Peer Networks
Reddy, Chandan Rama
2010-10-12
stream_source_info REDDY-THESIS.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 69931 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name REDDY-THESIS.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 CAPACITY-PROPORTIONAL... CAPACITY-PROPORTIONAL UNSTRUCTURED PEER-TO-PEER NETWORKS A Thesis by CHANDAN RAMA REDDY Submitted to the O?ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulflllment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved by: Chair...
World nuclear capacity and fuel cycle requirements, November 1993
Not Available
1993-11-30
This analysis report presents the current status and projections of nuclear capacity, generation, and fuel cycle requirements for all countries in the world using nuclear power to generate electricity for commercial use. Long-term projections of US nuclear capacity, generation, fuel cycle requirements, and spent fuel discharges for three different scenarios through 2030 are provided in support of the Department of Energy`s activities pertaining to the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 (as amended in 1987). The projections of uranium requirements also support the Energy Information Administration`s annual report, Domestic Uranium Mining and Milling Industry: Viability Assessment.
High-Capacity Sulfur Dioxide Absorbents for Diesel Emissions Control
Li, Liyu; King, David L.
2005-01-05
High capacity sulfur dioxide absorbents based on manganese oxide octahedral molecular sieves (OMS) have been identified. These materials are based on MnO6 octahedra sharing faces and edges to form various tunnel structures (2x2, 2x3, 2x4, 3x3) differentiated by the number of octahedra on a side. The SO2 capacities of these materials, measured at 325 C with a feed containing 250 ppmv SO2 in air, are as high as 70wt% (wt/wt), remarkably higher than conventional metal oxide-based SO2 absorbents. Among the OMS materials the 2x2 member, cryptomelane, exhibits the highest capacity and adsorption rate. Its SO2 absorption behavior has been further characterized as a function of temperature, space velocity, and feed composition. The dominant pathway for SO2 absorption is through the oxidation of SO2 to SO3 by Mn4+ followed by SO3 reaction with Mn2+ to form MnSO4. Absorption can occur in the absence of gas phase oxygen, with a moderate loss in overall capacity. The inclusion of reducible gases NO and CO in the feed does not reduce SO2 capacity. The absorption capacity decreases at high space velocity and lower absorption temperature, indicating the important role of diffusion of sulfate from the surface to the bulk of the material in order to reach full capacity. A color change of cryptomelane from black to yellow-brown after SO2 absorption can be used as an indicator of absorption progress. Cryptomelane can be synthesized using MnSO4 as a reagent. Therefore, after full SO2 absorption the product MnSO4 can be re-used as raw material for a subsequent cryptomelane synthesis. Cryptomelane has a similarly high capacity toward SO3, therefore it can be used for removal of all SOx species generated from a variety of combustion sources. Cryptomelane may find application as a replaceable absorbent for the removal of SOx from diesel truck exhaust, protecting downstream emissions control devices such as particulate filters and NOx traps.
Park, Yong Bum; Lee, Christopher M; Kafle, Kabindra; Park, Sunkyu; Cosgrove, Daniel; Kim, Seong H
2014-07-14
The crystallinity, allomorph content, and mesoscale ordering of cellulose produced by Gluconacetobacter xylinus cultured with different plant cell wall matrix polysaccharides were studied with vibrational sum frequency generation (SFG) spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction (XRD).
Shan-Guang Tan
2015-06-15
The representation of even numbers as the sum of two primes and the distribution of primes in short intervals were investigated and a main theorem was given out and proved, which states: For every number $n$ greater than a positive number $n_{0}$, let $q$ be an odd prime number smaller than $\\sqrt{2n}$ and $d=2n-q$, then there is always at least an odd number $d$ which does not contain any prime factor smaller than $\\sqrt{2n}$ and must be an odd prime number greater than $2n-\\sqrt{2n}$. Then it was proved that for every number $n$ greater than 1, there are always at least a pair of primes $p$ and $q$ which are symmetrical about the number $n$ so that even numbers greater than 2 can be expressed as the sum of two primes. Hence, the Goldbach's conjecture was proved. Also theorems of the distribution of primes in short intervals were given out and proved. By these theorems, the Legendre's conjecture, the Oppermann's conjecture, the Hanssner's conjecture, the Brocard's conjecture, the Andrica's conjecture, the Sierpinski's conjecture and the Sierpinski's conjecture of triangular numbers were proved and the Mills' constant can be determined. The representation of odd numbers as the sum of an odd prime number and an even semiprime was investigated and a main theorem was given out and proved, which states: For every number $n$ greater than a positive number $n_{0}$, let $q$ be an odd prime number smaller than $\\sqrt{2n}$ and $d=2n+1-2q$, then there is always at least an odd number $d$ which does not contain any odd prime factor smaller than $\\sqrt{2n}$ and must be a prime number greater than $2n+1-2\\sqrt{2n}$. Then it was proved that for every number $n$ greater than 2, there are always at least a pair of primes $p$ and $q$ so that all odd integers greater than 5 can be represented as the sum of an odd prime number and an even semiprime. Hence, the Lemoine's conjecture was proved.
On the Throughput Capacity of Heterogeneous Wireless Networks
Latchman, Haniph A.
On the Throughput Capacity of Heterogeneous Wireless Networks Pan Li, Member, IEEE, and Yuguang of wireless networks. However, it is commonly assumed that all nodes in the network are identical. The issue of heterogeneous wireless networks with general network settings. Specifically, we consider an extended network
Predicting Operator Capacity for Supervisory Control of Multiple UAVs
Cummings, Mary "Missy"
Predicting Operator Capacity for Supervisory Control of Multiple UAVs M.L. Cummings, C. E. Nehme, J, uninhabited (also known as unmanned) ae- rial vehicles (UAVs) have become indispensable assets to militarized forces. UAVs require human guidance to varying degrees and often through several operators. However
: Measurement of Battery Capacity in Mobile Robot Systems
Breu, Ruth
. These enhancements pose demanding operation conditions on the battery, emphasizing the importance of this com- ponentRoBM2 : Measurement of Battery Capacity in Mobile Robot Systems Nestor Lucas1 , Cosmin Codrea1. With battery driven robot systems performing very sophisti- cated tasks, increasing demands on the power supply
Solar Photovoltaic Capacity F t P f d P li
6/19/2013 1 Solar Photovoltaic Capacity F t P f d P li Generating Resources Advisory Committee Advisor Model (SAM), version 2013.1.15 Technology: Solar PV (PVWatts system model)Technology: Solar PV (MWh) (First year output, each year thereafter degrades 0.5%) 6 #12;6/19/2013 4 Shape of PNW Solar PV
Achievable Transmission Capacity of Cognitive Radio Networks with Cooperative Relaying
Cheng, Xiuzhen "Susan"
Achievable Transmission Capacity of Cognitive Radio Networks with Cooperative Relaying Xiuying Chen, Washington DC, USA 3VTT - Technical Research Centre of Finland, Kaitov¨ayl¨a 1, Oulu, Finland {10120069,tjing that secondary users can only work under a low transmission power condition in an underlay spectrum sharing model
Capacity planning in a transitional economy: What issues? Which models?
Mubayi, V.; Leigh, R.W.; Bright, R.N.
1996-03-01
This paper is devoted to an exploration of the important issues facing the Russian power generation system and its evolution in the foreseeable future and the kinds of modeling approaches that capture those issues. These issues include, for example, (1) trade-offs between investments in upgrading and refurbishment of existing thermal (fossil-fired) capacity and safety enhancements in existing nuclear capacity versus investment in new capacity, (2) trade-offs between investment in completing unfinished (under construction) projects based on their original design versus investment in new capacity with improved design, (3) incorporation of demand-side management options (investments in enhancing end-use efficiency, for example) within the planning framework, (4) consideration of the spatial dimensions of system planning including investments in upgrading electric transmission networks or fuel shipment networks and incorporating hydroelectric generation, (5) incorporation of environmental constraints and (6) assessment of uncertainty and evaluation of downside risk. Models for exploring these issues include low power shutdown (LPS) which are computationally very efficient, though approximate, and can be used to perform extensive sensitivity analyses to more complex models which can provide more detailed answers but are computationally cumbersome and can only deal with limited issues. The paper discusses which models can usefully treat a wide range of issues within the priorities facing decision makers in the Russian power sector and integrate the results with investment decisions in the wider economy.
Capacities and Research in Homeland Security The University at Buffalo
Krovi, Venkat
, and Biophotonics (ILPB) and the Center for Spin Effects and Quantum Information in Nanostructures (CSEQuIN) conduct multidisciplinary science and technology programs focusing on the development of: (1) high capacity data storage devices for "smart sensor" systems to detect biological and chemical agents. These research directions
Wireless Network Capacity Management: A Real Options Approach
Forsyth, Peter A.
Wireless Network Capacity Management: A Real Options Approach Y. d'Halluin , P.A. Forsyth , and K factor algorithm is developed, based on a real options formulation. Numerical examples are provided to illustrate various aspects of the model. Keywords: real options, optimal network planning decisions, network
High Capacity Graphite Anodes for Li-Ion battery applications
Popov, Branko N.
High Capacity Graphite Anodes for Li-Ion battery applications using Tin microencapsulation Basker range 1.6V to 0.01V at 0.05 mV/s Physical characterization SEM, EDAX and XRD #12;SEM images of Bare
Zero Capacity Region of Multidimensional Run Length Constraints
Zeger, Kenneth
there are at least consecutive zeros. An -dimensional pattern of zeros and ones arranged in an hyper For integers and satisfying , a binary sequence is said to satisfy a one-dimensional run length constraint. For , the -dimensional -constrained capacity is defined as where denotes the number of -dimensional binary rectangular
HUD Community Compass Technical Assistance and Capacity Building Program
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) is accepting applications for approximately $44.9 million for Community Compass, HUD's integrated technical assistance and capacity building initiative. The goal of the initiative is to equip HUD's customers with tools, skills, and knowledge to ensure effective program delivery and efficient stewardship of federal funds.
High capacity nickel battery material doped with alkali metal cations
Jackovitz, John F. (Monroeville, PA); Pantier, Earl A. (Penn Hills, PA)
1982-05-18
A high capacity battery material is made, consisting essentially of hydrated Ni(II) hydroxide, and about 5 wt. % to about 40 wt. % of Ni(IV) hydrated oxide interlayer doped with alkali metal cations selected from potassium, sodium and lithium cations.
DHC: a diurnal heat capacity program for microcomputers
Balcomb, J.D.
1985-01-01
A computer program has been developed that can predict the temperature swing in direct gain passive solar buildings. The diurnal heat capacity (DHC) program calculates the DHC for any combination of homogeneous or layered surfaces using closed-form harmonic solutions to the heat diffusion equation. The theory is described, a Basic program listing is provided, and an example solution printout is given.
COMPOSITES AND MANUFACTURED PRODUCTS SCREW-HOLDING CAPACITY OF
, and ness, bending stiffness and strength), wood species (pine vs. sweetgum) had an millworkmarkets nificantly alter the screw-holding capac- els were cut for bending modulus of elas- (screw or nail for the study. This paper (No. 98-22-0213) is published with the approval of the 2AmericanSociety for Testing
Information Capacity of an Energy Harvesting Sensor Node
Viswanath, Pramod
to electrical energy. Common energy harvesting devices are solar cells, wind turbines and piezo-electric cellsInformation Capacity of an Energy Harvesting Sensor Node R Rajesh, Vinod Sharma and Pramod Viswanath Abstract Energy harvesting sensor nodes are gaining popularity due to their ability to improve
CACM:Current-aware Capacity Management in Consolidated Server Enclosures
Gavrilovska, Ada
to this study, we suggest the need for `location-aware' methods for load placement and migration. This paperCACM:Current-aware Capacity Management in Consolidated Server Enclosures Hui Chen, Meina Song in electrical current levels across these two domains. This paper describes experiments designed to validate
MFR PAPER 1323 Estimating the Structure of Capacity
MFR PAPER 1323 Estimating the Structure of Capacity Utilization in the Fishing Industry KENNETH and to look at certain types of industry behavior that have been relatively ne- glected. This paper discusses BALLARD and VITO BLOMO INTRODUCTION Research in industrial market struc- ture has usually included
SWING: Traffic Capacity of a Simple WDM Ring Network
Bonald, Thomas
, Charlotte Roger Orange Labs, France Telecom, France Abstract-- The paper presents a novel MAC protocol. INTRODUCTION There is renewed and growing interest in exploiting the high capacity and energy efficiency result is to prove that a simple greedy opportunistic access policy, while unfair, is perfectly efficient
Analysis of the effect of packing capacity on pork prices
Spivey, Sarah Elizabeth
2013-02-22
In 1998, pork prices fell to an all time low. Across the industry, concern was expressed for research as to what led to this price crash. Capacity constraints at the packer level have been a key area of concern. This study is an analysis...
FISHWAY CAPACITY EXPERIMENT, 1956 iMarine Biological Laboratory!
11 Observations List of capacity tests 11 Effect of changing hydraulics on fish passage 12 over the high costs of fishways and fish protection devices at dams and water diversion projects. As an example, the fish passage facilities at The Dalles Dam, completed in 1957, cost in excess of 18 million
Spent nuclear fuel project design basis capacity study
Cleveland, K.J.
1996-09-09
A parametric study of the Spent Nuclear Fuel Project system capacity is presented. The study was completed using a commercially available software package to develop a summary level model of the major project systems. Alternative configurations, sub-system cycle times, and operating scenarios were tested to identify their impact on total project duration and equipment requirements.
Assessing the Control Systems Capacity for Demand Response in
LBNL-5319E Assessing the Control Systems Capacity for Demand Response in California Industries in this report was coordinated by the Demand Response Research Center and funded by the California Energy of the Demand Response Research Center Industrial Controls Experts Working Group: · Jim Filanc, Southern
Capacity expansion planning of alternative resources Formulation of a new mechanism to
McCalley, James D.
Capacity expansion planning of alternative resources Formulation of a new mechanism to procure · Gap between net revenues produced by energy markets and the capital costs of investing in new capacity GENERATING CAPACITY, MIT 2006 . FTI Consulting, "Evaluation of the New York Capacity Market", March 2013
Capacity Region, Minimum Energy and Delay for a Mobile Ad-Hoc Network
Chen, Yuanzhu Peter
Capacity Region, Minimum Energy and Delay for a Mobile Ad-Hoc Network Rahul Urgaonkar, Michael J in a mobile ad-hoc network: the capacity region and the minimum energy function of the network. The capacity limits of a mobile ad-hoc network are the capacity region and the minimum energy function of the network
On the Capacity Region of the Gaussian MAC with Batteryless Energy Harvesting Transmitters
Ulukus, Sennur
On the Capacity Region of the Gaussian MAC with Batteryless Energy Harvesting Transmitters Omur-user channel capacity with an energy harvesting transmitter of an unlimited battery is equal to the capacity work in [3] and address the capacity region of the Gaussian MAC with batteryless energy harvesting
MSE 3050, Phase Diagrams and Kinetics, Leonid Zhigilei Theoretical calculation of the heat capacity
Zhigilei, Leonid V.
Principle of equipartition of energy Heat capacity of ideal and real gases Heat capacity of solids: Dulong and internal energy of 3/2kBT. The molar internal energy U=3/2NAkBT=3/2RT and the molar heat capacity under to the heat capacity can be considered classically only if En ~ h Energy leve
Topaloglu, Huseyin
function. However, this approach brings unique challenges in the context of the capacity allocation problemComputing Protection Level Policies for Dynamic Capacity Allocation Problems by Using Stochastic capacity allocation problem. We have a fixed amount of daily processing capacity. Jobs of different
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
Hydropower Advancement Project (HAP): Audits and Feasibility Studies for Capacity and Efficiency Upgrades
Testing of Supercapacitors: Capacitance, Resistance, and Energy Energy and Power Capacity
Burke, Andrew
2009-01-01
and Energy Energy and Power Capacity Andrew Burke Institute of Transportation Studies University of California-
K. Azizi
2009-02-16
Due to the very short life time of the $\\Delta$ baryons, a direct measurement on the electromagnetic moments of these systems is almost impossible in the experiment and can only be done indirectly. Although only for the magnetic dipole moments of $\\Delta^{++}$ and $\\Delta^{+}$ systems there are some experimental data, the theoretical, phenomenological and lattice calculations could play crucial role. In present work, the magnetic dipole ($\\mu_{\\Delta}$) , electric quadrupole ($Q_{\\Delta}$) and magnetic octupole ($O_{\\Delta}$) moments of these baryons are computed within the light cone QCD sum rules. The results are compared with the predictions of the other phenomenological approaches, lattice QCD and existing experimental data.
Carbon Dioxide Sealing Capacity: Textural or Compositional Controls?
Cranganu, Constantin; Soleymani, Hamidreza; Sadiqua, Soleymani; Watson, Kieva
2013-11-30
This research project is aiming to assess the carbon dioxide sealing capacity of most common seal-rocks, such as shales and non-fractured limestones, by analyzing the role of textural and compositional parameters of those rocks. We hypothesize that sealing capacity is controlled by textural and/or compositional pa-rameters of caprocks. In this research, we seek to evaluate the importance of textural and compositional parameters affecting the sealing capacity of caprocks. The conceptu-al framework involves two testable end-member hypotheses concerning the sealing ca-pacity of carbon dioxide reservoir caprocks. Better understanding of the elements controlling sealing quality will advance our knowledge regarding the sealing capacity of shales and carbonates. Due to relatively low permeability, shale and non-fractured carbonate units are considered relatively imper-meable formations which can retard reservoir fluid flow by forming high capillary pres-sure. Similarly, these unites can constitute reliable seals for carbon dioxide capture and sequestration purposes. This project is a part of the comprehensive project with the final aim of studying the caprock sealing properties and the relationship between microscopic and macroscopic characteristics of seal rocks in depleted gas fields of Oklahoma Pan-handle. Through this study we examined various seal rock characteristics to infer about their respective effects on sealing capacity in special case of replacing reservoir fluid with super critical carbon dioxide (scCO{sub 2}). To assess the effect of textural and compositional properties on scCO{sub 2} maximum reten-tion column height we collected 30 representative core samples in caprock formations in three counties (Cimarron, Texas, Beaver) in Oklahoma Panhandle. Core samples were collected from various seal formations (e.g., Cherokee, Keys, Morrowan) at different depths. We studied the compositional and textural properties of the core samples using several techniques. Mercury Injection Porosimetry (MIP), Scanning Electron Microsco-py SEM, and Sedigraph measurements are used to assess the pore-throat-size distribu-tion, sorting, texture, and grain size of the samples. Also, displacement pressure at 10% mercury saturation (Pd) and graphically derived threshold pressure (Pc) were deter-mined by MIP technique. SEM images were used for qualitative study of the minerals and pores texture of the core samples. Moreover, EDS (Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spec-trometer), BET specific surface area, and Total Organic Carbon (TOC) measurements were performed to study various parameters and their possible effects on sealing capaci-ty of the samples. We found that shales have the relatively higher average sealing threshold pressure (Pc) than carbonate and sandstone samples. Based on these observations, shale formations could be considered as a promising caprock in terms of retarding scCO{sub 2} flow and leak-age into above formations. We hypothesized that certain characteristics of shales (e.g., 3 fine pore size, pore size distribution, high specific surface area, and strong physical chemical interaction between wetting phase and mineral surface) make them an effi-cient caprock for sealing super critical CO{sub 2}. We found that the displacement pressure at 10% mercury saturation could not be the ultimate representative of the sealing capacity of the rock sample. On the other hand, we believe that graphical method, introduced by Cranganu (2004) is a better indicator of the true sealing capacity. Based on statistical analysis of our samples from Oklahoma Panhandle we assessed the effects of each group of properties (textural and compositional) on maximum supercriti-cal CO{sub 2} height that can be hold by the caprock. We conclude that there is a relatively strong positive relationship (+.40 to +.69) between supercritical CO{sub 2} column height based on Pc and hard/ soft mineral content index (ratio of minerals with Mohs hardness more than 5 over minerals with Mohs hardness less than 5) in both shales and limestone samples. Average median pore rad
The Spin Structure Function $g_1^{\\rm p}$ of the Proton and a Test of the Bjorken Sum Rule
C. Adolph; R. Akhunzyanov; M. G. Alexeev; G. D. Alexeev; A. Amoroso; V. Andrieux; V. Anosov; A. Austregesilo; C. Azevedo; B. Badelek; F. Balestra; J. Barth; G. Baum; G. R. Beck; Y. Bedfer; J. Bernhard; K. Bicker; E. R. Bielert; R. Birsa; J. Bisplinghoff; M. Bodlak; M. Boer; P. Bordalo; F. Bradamante; C. Braun; A. Bressan; M. Buechele; E. Burtin; L. Capozza; W. -C. Chang; M. Chiosso; I. Choi; S. U. Chung; A. Cicuttin; M. L. Crespo; Q. Curiel; S. Dalla Torre; S. S. Dasgupta; S. Dasgupta; O. Yu. Denisov; L. Dhara; S. V. Donskov; N. Doshita; V. Duic; M. Dziewiecki; A. Efremov; P. D. Eversheim; W. Eyrich; A. Ferrero; M. Finger; M. Finger jr.; H. Fischer; C. Franco; N. du Fresne von Hohenesche; J. M. Friedrich; V. Frolov; E. Fuchey; F. Gautheron; O. P. Gavrichtchouk; S. Gerassimov; F. Giordano; I. Gnesi; M. Gorzellik; S. Grabmüller; A. Grasso; M. Grosse-Perdekamp; B. Grube; T. Grussenmeyer; A. Guskov; F. Haas; D. Hahne; D. von Harrach; R. Hashimoto; F. H. Heinsius; F. Herrmann; F. Hinterberger; N. Horikawa; N. d'Hose; C. -Yu Hsieh; S. Huber; S. Ishimoto; A. Ivanov; Yu. Ivanshin; T. Iwata; R. Jahn; V. Jary; P. Jörg; R. Joosten; E. Kabuß; B. Ketzer; G. V. Khaustov; Yu. A. Khokhlov; Yu. Kisselev; F. Klein; K. Klimaszewski; J. H. Koivuniemi; V. N. Kolosov; K. Kondo; K. Koenigsmann; I. Konorov; V. F. Konstantinov; A. M. Kotzinian; O. Kouznetsov; M. Kraemer; P. Kremser; F. Krinner; Z. V. Kroumchtein; N. Kuchinski; F. Kunne; K. Kurek; R. P. Kurjata; A. A. Lednev; A. Lehmann; M. Levillain; S. Levorato; J. Lichtenstadt; R. Longo; A. Maggiora; A. Magnon; N. Makins; N. Makke; G. K. Mallot; C. Marchand; A. Martin; J. Marzec; J. Matousek; H. Matsuda; T. Matsuda; G. Meshcheryakov; W. Meyer; T. Michigami; Yu. V. Mikhailov; Y. Miyachi; A. Nagaytsev; T. Nagel; F. Nerling; D. Neyret; V. I. Nikolaenko; J. Novy; W. -D. Nowak; A. S. Nunes; A. G. Olshevsky; I. Orlov; M. Ostrick; D. Panzieri; B. Parsamyan; S. Paul; J. -C. Peng; F. Pereira; M. Pesek; D. V. Peshekhonov; S. Platchkov; J. Pochodzalla; V. A. Polyakov; J. Pretz; M. Quaresma; C. Quintans; S. Ramos; C. Regali; G. Reicherz; C. Riedl; E. Rocco; N. S. Rossiyskaya; D. I. Ryabchikov; A. Rychter; V. D. Samoylenko; A. Sandacz; C. Santos; S. Sarkar; I. A. Savin; G. Sbrizzai; P. Schiavon; K. Schmidt; H. Schmieden; K. Schoenning; S. Schopferer; A. Selyunin; O. Yu. Shevchenko; L. Silva; L. Sinha; S. Sirtl; M. Slunecka; F. Sozzi; A. Srnka; M. Stolarski; M. Sulc; H. Suzuki; A. Szabelski; T. Szameitat; P. Sznajder; S. Takekawa; J. ter Wolbeek; S. Tessaro; F. Tessarotto; F. Thibaud; F. Tosello; V. Tskhay; S. Uhl; J. Veloso; M. Virius; T. Weisrock; M. Wilfert; K. Zaremba; M. Zavertyaev; E. Zemlyanichkina; M. Ziembicki; A. Zink
2015-03-31
New results for the double spin asymmetry $A_1^{\\rm p}$ and the proton longitudinal spin structure function $g_1^{\\rm p}$ are presented. They were obtained by the COMPASS collaboration using polarised 200 GeV muons scattered off a longitudinally polarised NH$_3$ target. The data were collected in 2011 and complement those recorded in 2007 at 160\\,GeV, in particular at lower values of $x$. They improve the statistical precision of $g_1^{\\rm p}(x)$ by about a factor of two in the region $x\\lesssim 0.02$. A next-to-leading order QCD fit to the $g_1$ world data is performed. It leads to a new determination of the quark spin contribution to the nucleon spin, $\\Delta \\Sigma$ ranging from 0.26 to 0.36, and to a re-evaluation of the first moment of $g_1^{\\rm p}$. The uncertainty of $\\Delta \\Sigma$ is mostly due to the large uncertainty in the present determinations of the gluon helicity distribution. A new evaluation of the Bjorken sum rule based on the COMPASS results for the non-singlet structure function $g_1^{\\rm NS}(x,Q^2)$ yields as ratio of the axial and vector coupling constants $|g_{\\rm A}/g_{\\rm V}| = 1.22 \\pm 0.05~({\\rm stat.}) \\pm 0.10~({\\rm syst.})$, which validates the sum rule to an accuracy of about 9\\%.
Hierarchical structures for a robustness-oriented capacity design
Enrico Masoero; Falk K. Wittel; Hans J. Herrmann; B. M. Chiaia
2015-09-07
In this paper, we study the response of 2D framed structures made of rectangular cells, to the sudden removal of columns. We employ a simulation algorithm based on the Discrete Element Method, where the structural elements are represented by elasto-plastic Euler Bernoulli beams with elongation-rotation failure threshold. The effect of structural cell slenderness and of topological hierarchy on the dynamic residual strength after damage $\\ROne$ is investigated. Topologically \\textit{hierarchical} frames have a primary structure made of few massive elements, while \\textit{homogeneous} frames are made of many thin elements. We also show how $\\ROne$ depends on the activated collapse mechanisms, which are determined by the mechanical hierarchy between beams and columns, i.e. by their relative strength and stiffness. Finally, principles of robustness-oriented capacity design which seem to be in contrast to the conventional anti-seismic capacity design are addressed.
Hybrid heat capacity-moving slab solid-state laser
Stappaerts, Eddy A.
2005-03-01
Laser material is pumped and its stored energy is extracted in a heat capacity laser mode at a high duty factor. When the laser material reaches a maximum temperature, it is removed from the lasing region and a subsequent volume of laser material is positioned into the lasing region to repeat the lasing process. The heated laser material is cooled passively or actively outside the lasing region.
Model documentation: Electricity Market Module, Electricity Capacity Planning submodule
Not Available
1994-04-07
The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) is a computer modeling system developed by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The NEMS produces integrated forecasts for energy markets in the United States by achieving a general equilibrium solution for energy supply and demand. Currently, for each year during the period from 1990 through 2010, the NEMS describes energy supply, conversion, consumption, and pricing. The Electricity Market Module (EMM) is the electricity supply component of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). The supply of electricity is a conversion activity since electricity is produced from other energy sources (e.g., fossil, nuclear, and renewable). The EMM represents the generation, transmission, and pricing of electricity. The EMM consists of four main submodules: Electricity Capacity Planning (ECP), Electricity Fuel Dispatching (EFD), Electricity Finance and Pricing (EFP), and Load and Demand-Side Management (LDSM). The ECP evaluates changes in the mix of generating capacity that are necessary to meet future demands for electricity and comply with environmental regulations. The EFD represents dispatching (i.e., operating) decisions and determines how to allocate available capacity to meet the current demand for electricity. Using investment expenditures from the ECP and operating costs from the EFD, the EFP calculates the price of electricity, accounting for state-level regulations involving the allocation of costs. The LDSM translates annual demands for electricity into distributions that describe hourly, seasonal, and time-of-day variations. These distributions are used by the EFD and the ECP to determine the quantity and types of generating capacity that are required to insure reliable and economical supplies of electricity. The EMM also represents nonutility suppliers and interregional and international transmission and trade. These activities are included in the EFD and the ECP.
Residential Variable-Capacity Heat Pumps Sized to Heating Loads
Munk, Jeffrey D.; Jackson, Roderick K.; Odukomaiya, Adewale; Gehl, Anthony C.
2014-01-01
Variable capacity heat pumps are an emerging technology offering significant energy savings potential and improved efficiency. With conventional single-speed systems, it is important to appropriately size heat pumps for the cooling load as over-sizing would result in cycling and insufficient latent capacity required for humidity control. These appropriately sized systems are often under-sized for the heating load and require inefficient supplemental electric resistance heat to meet the heating demand. Variable capacity heat pumps address these shortcomings by providing an opportunity to intentionally size systems for the dominant heating season load without adverse effects of cycling or insufficient dehumidification in the cooling season. This intentionally-sized system could result in significant energy savings in the heating season, as the need for inefficient supplemental electric resistance heat is drastically reduced. This is a continuation of a study evaluating the energy consumption of variable capacity heat pumps installed in two unoccupied research homes in Farragut, a suburb of Knoxville, Tennessee. In this particular study, space conditioning systems are intentionally sized for the heating season loads to provide an opportunity to understand and evaluate the impact this would have on electric resistance heat use and dehumidification. The results and conclusions drawn through this research are valid and specific for portions of the Southeastern and Midwestern United States falling in the mixed-humid climate zone. While other regions in the U.S. do not experience this type of climate, this work provides a basis for, and can help understand the implications of other climate zones on residential space conditioning energy consumption. The data presented here will provide a framework for fine tuning residential building EnergyPlus models that are being developed.
A global scale mechanistic model of the photosynthetic capacity
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Ali, A. A.; Xu, C.; Rogers, A.; Fisher, R. A.; Wullschleger, S. D.; McDowell, N. G.; Massoud, E. C.; Vrugt, J. A.; Muss, J. D.; Fisher, J. B.; et al
2015-08-10
Although plant photosynthetic capacity as determined by the maximum carboxylation rate (i.e., Vc, max25) and the maximum electron transport rate (i.e., Jmax25) at a reference temperature (generally 25 °C) is known to vary substantially in space and time in response to environmental conditions, it is typically parameterized in Earth system models (ESMs) with tabulated values associated to plant functional types. In this study, we developed a mechanistic model of leaf utilization of nitrogen for assimilation (LUNA V1.0) to predict the photosynthetic capacity at the global scale under different environmental conditions, based on the optimization of nitrogen allocated among light capture,more »electron transport, carboxylation, and respiration. The LUNA model was able to reasonably well capture the observed patterns of photosynthetic capacity in view that it explained approximately 55 % of the variation in observed Vc, max25 and 65 % of the variation in observed Jmax25 across the globe. Our model simulations under current and future climate conditions indicated that Vc, max25 could be most affected in high-latitude regions under a warming climate and that ESMs using a fixed Vc, max25 or Jmax25 by plant functional types were likely to substantially overestimate future global photosynthesis.« less
Building Long-Term Sustained Capacity and Influencing Decisions: The U.S. DOE SEP Capacity Model
McCarthy, Patrick [TecMarket Works; Hall, Nick [TecMarket Works; Schweitzer, Martin [ORNL; Lambert, Faith [U.S. Department of Energy
2011-01-01
This paper presents a state-level systems model that incorporates traditional behavior change models into a more extensive framework for explaining energy efficiency and renewable energy impacts. The model was developed from a seminal national study of state energy programs covering a broad array of programmatic topic areas. The study examined a wide range of program offerings within 24 states, involving over 25 years of state efforts. While specific priorities and outcomes varied greatly across the states for each of the topic areas, consistent systems-level capacity-building patterns were revealed. This model demonstrates how the U.S. Department of Energy s (DOE s) State Energy Program (SEP) and non-SEP resources, when incorporated into a framework of essential capacity-building components, can lead to energy efficiency and renewable energy achievements. This paper then features two case study illustrations of the model.
T. M. Aliev; K. Azizi; M. Savci
2009-10-11
The electric quadrupole and magnetic octupole moments of the light decuplet baryons are calculated in the framework of the light cone QCD sum rules. The obtained non-vanishing values for the electric quadrupole and magnetic octupole moments of these baryons show nonspherical charge distribution. The sign of electric quadrupole moment is positive for $\\Omega^-$, $\\Xi^{*-}$, $\\Sigma^{*-}$ and negative for $\\Sigma^{*+}$, which correspond to the prolate and oblate charge distributions, respectively. A comparison of the obtained results with the predictions of non-covariant quark model which shows a good consistency between two approaches is also presented. Comparison of the obtained results on the multipole moments of the decuplet baryons containing strange quark with those of $\\Delta$ baryons shows a large SU(3) flavor symmetry breaking.
Form factors of B, Bs -> eta, eta' and D, Ds -> eta, eta' transitions from QCD light-cone sum rules
Duplancic, Goran
2015-01-01
In the framework of the QCD light-cone sum rules (LCSRs) we present the analysis of all $B, B_{s}\\to \\eta^{(\\prime)}$ and $D, D_{s}\\to \\eta^{(\\prime)}$ form factors ($f^+, f^0$ and $f^T$) by including $m_{\\eta^{(\\prime)}}^2$ corrections in the leading (up to the twist-four) and next-to-leading order (up to the twist-three) in QCD, and two-gluon contributions to the form factors at the leading twist. The SU(3)-flavour breaking corrections and the axial anomaly contributions to the distribution amplitudes are also consistently taken into account. The complete results for the $f^0$ and $f^T$ form factors of $B,B_s \\to \\eta^{(\\prime)}$ and $D, D_{s} \\to \\eta^{(\\prime)}$ relevant for processes like $B \\to \\eta^{(\\prime)} \\tau \
Performance studies of the new stereoscopic Sum-Trigger-II of MAGIC after one year of operation
Dazzi, F; Lopez, M; Nakajima, D; Garcia, J Rodriguez; Schweizer, T
2015-01-01
MAGIC is a stereoscopic system of two Imaging Air Cherenkov Telescopes (IACTs) located at La Palma (Canary Islands, Spain) and working in the field of very high energy gamma-ray astronomy. It makes use of a traditional digital trigger with an energy threshold of around 55 GeV. A novel trigger strategy, based on the analogue sum of signals from partially overlapped patches of pixels, leads to a lower threshold. In 2008, this principle was proven by the detection of the Crab Pulsar at 25 GeV by MAGIC in single telescope operation. During Winter 2013/14, a new system, based on this concept, was implemented for stereoscopic observations after several years of development. In this contribution the strategy of the operative stereoscopic trigger system, as well as the first performance studies, are presented. Finally, some possible future improvements to further reduce the energy threshold of this trigger are addressed.
Parameter Estimation and Capacity Fade Analysis of Lithium-Ion Batteries Using Reformulated Models
Braatz, Richard D.
Many researchers have worked to develop methods to analyze and characterize capacity fade in lithium-ion batteries. As a complement to approaches to mathematically model capacity fade that require detailed understanding ...
The State Energy Program: Building Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Capacity in the States
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
This study documents the capacity-building effects that the federal State Energy Program (SEP) has had on the states' capacity to design, manage and implement energy efficiency and renewable energy programs.
DOE Solicits Views on the Implementation of Large-Capacity Clothes...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Large-Capacity Clothes Washer Waivers DOE Solicits Views on the Implementation of Large-Capacity Clothes Washer Waivers November 30, 2010 - 10:56am Addthis The Department of...
Shim, Young Hak
2007-09-17
, the machine capacity was first ensured, and then manufacturing cells were configured to minimize intercellular movements. In order to ensure the machine capacity, the duplication of machines and the split of operations are allowed and operations are assigned...
On the Capacity of the Vector MAC and BC with Feedback
Jafar, Syed A.
On the Capacity of the Vector MAC and BC with Feedback Syed Ali Jafar Qualcomm Incorporated San to scalar MACs and BCs, respectively. We also determine the capacity enhancement due to feedback at high SNR
Tension capacity of two drilled and grouted piles
Kubena, Mark Edward
1989-01-01
and grouted piles are being proposed as an alternate method for the foundation of deepwater structures. Drilled and grouted piles are composite piles formed by drilling an oversized hole, inserting a smaller steel casing or pile to the bottom of the open...TENSION CAPACITY OF TWO DRILLED AND GROUTED PILES A Thesis by MARK EDWARD KUBENA Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1989...
South Africa-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing Capacity forSiliciumEnergy Inc JumpPennsylvania:Sound(EC-LEDS) | Open Energy
Property:Geothermal/CapacityBtuHr | Open Energy Information
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Property:Installed Capacity (MW) | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo,AltFuelVehicle2 Jump to: navigation, searchContDiv JumpTechDsc Jump to:cons JumpCapacity
Property:GrossProdCapacity | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to: navigation,PropertyPartner7Website Jump to:TypeGrossProdCapacity Jump to:
Building REDD Capacity in Developing Countries | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank, Maine: EnergyEnergyOhio: EnergyNorth Dakota: Energy ResourcesREDD Capacity
Climate Change Capacity Development (C3D+) | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (Utility Company) Jump to:NewMinnesota: EnergyVirginia: EnergyCapacity
LEDS Capacity Building and Training Inventory | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:onItronKanoshKetchikanKlondikeKunBLEDS Capacity Building and
EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Pipeline Capacity and Utilization
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices1 Table272/SPipeline Utilization & Capacity About
EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Region To Region System Capacity
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices1 Table272/SPipeline Utilization & Capacity
Nitrification Capacities of Texas Soil Types and Factors which Affect Nitrification.
Sterges, A. J.; Fraps, G S. (George Stronach)
1947-01-01
capacities of soils for ammonium sulphate may range from (I to loo percent but additions of bacteria and calcium carbonate will increase the nitrifying capacities of most soils and subsoils to a high extent. Soils with low nitrification capacities have... percent of that of ammonium sulphate, but in >oils of low nitrifying capacity, nitrogen of cottonseed meal may be nitrified more reaclily than that of ammonium sulphate. When the fertilizing values of organic nitrogenous fertilizers are to be compared...
An Analytical Model for Predicting the Remaining Battery Capacity of Lithium-Ion Batteries
Pedram, Massoud
An Analytical Model for Predicting the Remaining Battery Capacity of Lithium-Ion Batteries Peng cycle-life tends to shrink significantly. The capacities of commercial lithium-ion batteries fade by 10 prediction model to estimate the remaining capacity of a Lithium-Ion battery. The proposed analytical model
Approximation Technique of Finite Capacity Queuing Networks Exploiting Petri Net Analysis
Gribaudo, Marco
Approximation Technique of Finite Capacity Queuing Networks Exploiting Petri Net Analysis Marco for deriving approximate measures for finite capacity queuing networks. The fact that buffers have finite capacity makes the analysis of such networks very difficult. Indeed, FC-QNs do not have a product form
DETERMINATION OF PHOTOVOLTAIC EFFECTIVE CAPACITY FOR Richard Perez for Clean Power Research
Perez, Richard R.
DETERMINATION OF PHOTOVOLTAIC EFFECTIVE CAPACITY FOR NEW JERSEY Richard Perez for Clean Power) requirements. #12;DETERMINATION OF PHOTOVOLTAIC EFFECTIVE CAPACITY FOR NEW JERSEY The ELCC metric dispatchable power plant. 2 #12;DETERMINATION OF PHOTOVOLTAIC EFFECTIVE CAPACITY FOR NEW JERSEY 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
On Secrecy Outage Capacity of Fading Channels Under Relaxed Delay Constraints
Koksal, Can Emre
On Secrecy Outage Capacity of Fading Channels Under Relaxed Delay Constraints Onur Gungor, Can Emre delay constraints. More specif- ically, we extend the definition of outage secrecy capacity for single, we provide bounds on secrecy outage capacity with k + 1 block delay constraint. We show
Outage Capacity of the Fading Relay Channel in the Low SNR Regime
Tse, David
Outage Capacity of the Fading Relay Channel in the Low SNR Regime A. Salman Avestimehr and David N at the outage capacity of the fading relay channel with half-duplex constraint in the low SNR regime. First we. In this case we show that a Bursty Amplify-Forward (BAF) protocol is optimal and achieves the outage capacity
MIMO Outage Capacity in the High SNR Regime Narayan Prasad Mahesh K. Varanasi
Varanasi, Mahesh K.
MIMO Outage Capacity in the High SNR Regime Narayan Prasad Mahesh K. Varanasi NEC Labs. America channel with coherent reception and pro- vide a sharp characterization of the outage capacity in the form on the outage capacities un- der a long-term and a short-term power constraint as well as on the delay
Sensitivity of Gaussian Channel Capacity and ate-Distortion Function to nonGaussian Contamination
Verdú, Sergio
Sensitivity of Gaussian Channel Capacity and ate-Distortion Function to nonGaussian Contamination-Gaussian contaminating noise. Although the ca- pacity of such channels cannot be evaluated in general, we analyze the decrease in capacity, or sensitivity of the channel capacity to the weak contaminating noise. We show
Calculation of heat capacities of light and heavy water by path-integral molecular dynamics
Nielsen, Steven O.
Calculation of heat capacities of light and heavy water by path-integral molecular dynamics 30 September 2005 As an application of atomistic simulation methods to heat capacities, path-integral has estimated the heat capacities too high, the quantum simulation based on path-integral molecular
Capacity Bounds for Energy Efficient Data Streaming in Homogeneous Wireless Ad Hoc Networks
Li, Zongpeng
Capacity Bounds for Energy Efficient Data Streaming in Homogeneous Wireless Ad Hoc Networks Hanan activation schemes with provable asymptotic bounds on the capacity and energy efficiency of the induced add to the noise levels of each other and cause the overall network capacity to decrease
Capacity of the Energy Harvesting Channel with Energy Arrival Information at the Receiver
Yener, Aylin
Capacity of the Energy Harvesting Channel with Energy Arrival Information at the Receiver Omur Ozel- pacity is invariant to the non-causal knowledge of energy arrivals. Finally, we show that the capacity the battery energy at the transmitter is independent of the message. The capacity of this channel with only
Behavioral/Systems/Cognitive How the Optic Nerve Allocates Space, Energy Capacity,
Pennsylvania, University of
Behavioral/Systems/Cognitive How the Optic Nerve Allocates Space, Energy Capacity, and Information twice the space and energy capacity. We conclude that the optic nerve conserves space more spikes. These considerations led us to quantify how space, energy capacity, and firing rate
Energy-efficient Capacity-constrained Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks
Venkatesan, S.
1 Energy-efficient Capacity-constrained Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks Maulin Patel*, R of packets, which will waste considerable amount of energy. This paper present a Minimum-cost Capacity-hoc networks; Routing; Maximum Lifetime; Energy efficient; Capacity-constrained I. INTRODUCTION Wireless sensor
Towards Achieving Linear Capacity Scaling in Wireless Networks through Directed Energy Links
Misra, Satyajayant
1 Towards Achieving Linear Capacity Scaling in Wireless Networks through Directed Energy Links Hong-to-linear (CTL) capacity scaling through the use of directed energy (DE) links such as laser communications links have many important applications. However, Gupta and Kumar showed that the capacity of multi
Energy, Latency and Capacity Trade-offs in wireless multi-hop networks
Jaffrès-Runser, Katia
Energy, Latency and Capacity Trade-offs in wireless multi-hop networks Jean-Marie Gorce, Ruifeng Abstract--This paper concentrates on characterizing energy, latency and capacity trade-offs in multi, our analytical results highlight how the energy/delay Pareto front moves when considering a capacity
Capacity of the Discrete Memoryless Energy Harvesting Channel with Side Information
Yener, Aylin
Capacity of the Discrete Memoryless Energy Harvesting Channel with Side Information Omur Ozel1 to the available battery energy in that channel use. The capacity of this channel with only transmitter side, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 Abstract--We determine the capacity of a discrete
The Capacity-Cost Function of Discrete Additive Noise Channels with and without Feedback
Wehlau, David
of discrete channels with memory. Index Terms { Channels with memory, additive noise, capacity-cost functionThe Capacity-Cost Function of Discrete Additive Noise Channels with and without Feedback #3; Fady by investigating the capacity- cost function (C (#12;)) of such additive noise channels without feedback. We
Wang, Cheng-Xiang
Energy Efficiency Analysis of MISO-OFDM Communication Systems Considering Power and Capacity subchannel capacity threshold. Moreover, the energy efficiency of MISO-OFDM communication systems starts-input single-output (MISO) . orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) . energy efficiency. capacity
A Tractable Revenue Management Model for Capacity Allocation and Overbooking over an Airline Network
Topaloglu, Huseyin
to the reservations were given by a separable function, then the optimality equation for the joint capacity allocationA Tractable Revenue Management Model for Capacity Allocation and Overbooking over an Airline a revenue management model to jointly make the capacity allocation and overbooking decisions over an airline
Edinburgh Research Explorer ERK2 Suppresses Self-Renewal Capacity of Embryonic Stem
Koehn, Philipp
Edinburgh Research Explorer ERK2 Suppresses Self-Renewal Capacity of Embryonic Stem Cells, T 2013, 'ERK2 Suppresses Self-Renewal Capacity of Embryonic Stem Cells, but Is Not Required for Multi date: 26. Jun. 2014 #12;ERK2 Suppresses Self-Renewal Capacity of Embryonic Stem Cells
Capacity Planning in a General Supply Chain with Multiple Contract Types Single Period Model
Graves, Stephen C.
and sufficient capacity to meet market demands. However, capacity planning is a very challenging task for manyCapacity Planning in a General Supply Chain with Multiple Contract Types Single Period Model Xin Huang · Stephen C. Graves Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Massachusetts
Estimate of Maximum Underground Working Gas Storage Capacity in the United States
Reports and Publications (EIA)
2006-01-01
This report examines the aggregate maximum capacity for U.S. natural gas storage. Although the concept of maximum capacity seems quite straightforward, there are numerous issues that preclude the determination of a definitive maximum volume. The report presents three alternative estimates for maximum capacity, indicating appropriate caveats for each.
Capacity Building in Sharing Forest and Market Information Prague & Krtiny, Czech Republic, 25 Specialist UNECE/FAO Timber Branch Geneva, Switzerland #12;Capacity Building in Sharing Forest and Market forest products market information #12;Capacity Building in Sharing Forest and Market Information Prague
Jindal, Nihar
of Shannon capacity have been developed for multiuser fading channels: ergodic capacity and outage ca- pacity][3], while outage capacity achieves a constant rate in all non-outage fading states subject to an outage probability [4], [5]. Zero-outage capacity refers to outage capacity with zero outage probability [6
Air conditioning system with supplemental ice storing and cooling capacity
Weng, Kuo-Lianq (Taichung, TW); Weng, Kuo-Liang (Taichung, TW)
1998-01-01
The present air conditioning system with ice storing and cooling capacity can generate and store ice in its pipe assembly or in an ice storage tank particularly equipped for the system, depending on the type of the air conditioning system. The system is characterized in particular in that ice can be produced and stored in the air conditioning system whereby the time of supplying cooled air can be effectively extended with the merit that the operation cycle of the on and off of the compressor can be prolonged, extending the operation lifespan of the compressor in one aspect. In another aspect, ice production and storage in great amount can be performed in an off-peak period of the electrical power consumption and the stored ice can be utilized in the peak period of the power consumption so as to provide supplemental cooling capacity for the compressor of the air conditioning system whereby the shift of peak and off-peak power consumption can be effected with ease. The present air conditioning system can lower the installation expense for an ice-storing air conditioning system and can also be applied to an old conventional air conditioning system.
Expansion fractionation capacity of the LPG-ULE plant
Morin, L.M.C.
1999-07-01
The Western Division of PDVSA has among other facilities a NGL Fractionation Complex located onshore in Ul'e. The complex consists of three plants, the first and second older plants, LPG-1 and LPG-2, which fractionate the NGL to produce propane, a butane mix and natural gasoline. The third plant, LPG-3, fractionates the butane mix from the LPG-1 and 2 plants to produce iso and normal butane. Several optimization projects already in progress will increase the NGL production to 12,200 b/d. For this reason it was decided to conduct a study of the existing fractionation facilities and utilities systems to determine their capacities. This evaluation revealed that some of the fractionation towers would have some limitations in the processing of the expected additional production. The study recommended an option to increase the capacity of the fractionation towers by lowering their operating pressure, in order to take advantage of relative volatility increase between the key components, which allows easier separation, as well as reducing the heat duty required. The completed study also determined that this option is more economically convenient than the replacement of the existing fractionation towers.
Hyperdense coding and superadditivity of classical capacities in hypersphere theories
Serge Massar; Stefano Pironio; Damián Pitalúa-García
2015-04-20
In quantum superdense coding, two parties previously sharing entanglement can communicate a two bit message by sending a single qubit. We study this feature in the broader framework of general probabilistic theories. We consider a particular class of theories in which the local state space of the communicating parties corresponds to Euclidian hyperballs of dimension n (the case n = 3 corresponds to the Bloch ball of quantum theory). We show that a single n-ball can encode at most one bit of information, independently of n. We introduce dense coding protocols in which log_2 (n+1) bits are communicated if entanglement is previously shared by the communicating parties. For n > 3, these protocols are more powerful than the quantum one, because more than two bits are communicated by transmission of a system that locally encodes at most one bit. We call this phenomenon hyperdense coding. Our hyperdense coding protocols imply superadditive classical capacities: two entangled systems can encode log_2 (n+1) > 2 bits, even though each system individually encodes at most one bit. In our examples, hyperdense coding and superadditivity of classical capacities come at the expense of violating tomographic locality or dynamical continuous reversibility.
Dual capacity compressor with reversible motor and controls arrangement therefor
Sisk, Francis J. (Washington Township, Fayette County, PA)
1980-12-02
A hermetic reciprocating compressor such as may be used in heat pump applications is provided for dual capacity operation by providing the crankpin of the crankshaft with an eccentric ring rotatably mounted thereon, and with the end of the connecting rod opposite the piston encompassing the outer circumference of the eccentric ring, with means limiting the rotation of the eccentric ring upon the crankpin between one end point and an opposite angularly displaced end point to provide different values of eccentricity depending upon which end point the eccentric ring is rotated to upon the crankpin, and a reversible motor in the hermetic shell of the compressor for rotating the crankshaft, the motor operating in one direction effecting the angular displacement of the eccentric ring relative to the crankpin to the one end point, and in the opposite direction effecting the angular displacement of the eccentric ring relative to the crankpin to the opposite end point, this arrangement automatically giving different stroke lengths depending upon the direction of motor rotation. The mechanical structure of the arrangement may take various forms including at least one in which any impact of reversal is reduced by utilizing lubricant passages and chambers at the interface area of the crankpin and eccentric ring to provide a dashpot effect. In the main intended application of the arrangement according to the invention, that is, in a refrigerating or air conditioning system, it is desirable to insure a delay during reversal of the direction of compressor operation. A control arrangement is provided in which the control system controls the direction of motor operation in accordance with temperature conditions, the system including control means for effecting operation in a low capacity direction or alternatively in a high capacity direction in response to one set, and another set, respectively, of temperature conditions and with timer means delaying a restart of the compressor motor for at least a predetermined time in response to a condition of the control means operative to initiate a change in the operating direction of the compressor when it restarts.
Gaisin, Ahtyar M; Rakhmatullina, Zhanna G
2011-12-31
The behaviour of the sum of an entire Dirichlet series is analyzed in terms of the minimum of its modulus on a system of vertical line segments. Also a more general problem, connected with the Polya conjecture is posed and solved. It concerns the minimum modulus of an entire function with Fabri gaps and its growth along curves going to infinity. Bibliography: 33 titles.
High capacity adsorption media and method of producing
Tranter, Troy J. (Idaho Falls, ID); Herbst, R. Scott (Idaho Falls, ID); Mann, Nicholas R. (Blackfoot, ID); Todd, Terry A. (Aberdeen, ID)
2008-05-06
A method of producing an adsorption medium to remove at least one constituent from a feed stream. The method comprises dissolving at least one metal compound in a solvent to form a metal solution, dissolving polyacrylonitrile into the metal solution to form a PAN-metal solution, and depositing the PAN-metal solution into a quenching bath to produce the adsorption medium. The at least one constituent, such as arsenic, selenium, or antimony, is removed from the feed stream by passing the feed stream through the adsorption medium. An adsorption medium having an increased metal loading and increased capacity for arresting the at least one constituent to be removed is also disclosed. The adsorption medium includes a polyacrylonitrile matrix and at least one metal hydroxide incorporated into the polyacrylonitrile matrix.
High capacity adsorption media and method of producing
Tranter, Troy J. (Idaho Falls, ID); Mann, Nicholas R. (Blackfoot, ID); Todd, Terry A. (Aberdeen, ID); Herbst, Ronald S. (Idaho Falls, ID)
2010-10-05
A method of producing an adsorption medium to remove at least one constituent from a feed stream. The method comprises dissolving and/or suspending at least one metal compound in a solvent to form a metal solution, dissolving polyacrylonitrile into the metal solution to form a PAN-metal solution, and depositing the PAN-metal solution into a quenching bath to produce the adsorption medium. The at least one constituent, such as arsenic, selenium, or antimony, is removed from the feed stream by passing the feed stream through the adsorption medium. An adsorption medium having an increased metal loading and increased capacity for arresting the at least one constituent to be removed is also disclosed. The adsorption medium includes a polyacrylonitrile matrix and at least one metal hydroxide incorporated into the polyacrylonitrile matrix.
Feng, Ranran; Guo, Yuan; Lu, Rong; Velarde Ruiz Esparza, Luis A.; Wang, Hongfei
2011-06-16
Tremendous progresses have been made in quantitative understanding and interpretation of the hydrogen bonding and ordering structure at the air/water interface since the first sum-frequency generation vibrational spectroscopy (SFG-VS) measurement on the neat air/water interface by Q. Du et al. in 1993 (PRL, 70, 2312-2316, 1993.). However, there are still disagreements and controversies on the consistency between the different experiment measurements and the theoretical computational results. One critical problem lies in the inconsistency between the SFG-VS intensity measurements and the recently developed SFG-VS phase spectra measurements of the neat air/water interface, which has inspired various theoretical efforts trying to understand them. In this report, the reliability of the SFG-VS intensity spectra of the neat air/water interface is to be quantitatively examined, and the sources of possible inaccuracies in the SFG-VS phase spectral measurement is to be discussed based on the non-resonant SHG phase measurement results. The conclusion is that the SFG-VS intensity spectra data from different laboratories are now quantitatively converging and in agreement with each other, and the possible inaccuracies and inconsistencies in the SFG-VS phase spectra measurements need to be carefully examined against the properly corrected phase standard.
The Spin Structure Function $g_1^{\\rm p}$ of the Proton and a Test of the Bjorken Sum Rule
Adolph, C.; Alexeev, M.G.; Alexeev, G.D.; Amoroso, A.; Andrieux, V.; Anosov, V.; Austregesilo, A.; Azevedo, C.; Badelek, B.; Balestra, F.; Barth, J.; Baum, G.; Beck, R.; Bedfer, Y.; Bernhard, J.; Bicker, K.; Bielert, E.R.; Birsa, R.; Bisplinghoff, J.; Bodlak, M.; Boer, M.; Bordalo, P.; Bradamante, F.; Braun, C.; Bressan, A.; Buchele, M.; Burtin, E.; Capozza, L.; Chang, W.C.; Chiosso, M.; Choi, I.; Chung, S.U.; Cicuttin, A.; Crespo, M.L.; Curiel, Q.; Dalla Torre, S.; Dasgupta, S.S.; Dasgupta, S.; Denisov, O.Yu.; Dhara, L.; Donskov, S.V.; Doshita, N.; Duic, V.; Dziewiecki, M.; Efremov, A.; Eversheim, P.D.; Eyrich, W.; Ferrero, A.; Finger, M.; M. Finger jr; Fischer, H.; Franco, C.; von Hohenesche, N. du Fresne; Friedrich, J.M.; Frolov, V.; Fuchey, E.; Gautheron, F.; Gavrichtchouk, O.P.; Gerassimov, S.; Giordano, F.; Gnesi, I.; Gorzellik, M.; Grabmuller, S.; Grasso, A.; Grosse-Perdekamp, M.; Grube, B.; Grussenmeyer, T.; Guskov, A.; Haas, F.; Hahne, D.; von Harrach, D.; Hashimoto, R.; Heinsius, F.H.; Herrmann, F.; Hinterberger, F.; Horikawa, N.; d'Hose, N.; Hsieh, C.Yu; Huber, S.; Ishimoto, S.; Ivanov, A.; Ivanshin, Yu.; Iwata, T.; Jahn, R.; Jary, V.; Jorg, P.; Joosten, R.; Kabuss, E.; Ketzer, B.; Khaustov, G.V.; Khokhlov, Yu. A.; Kisselev, Yu.; Klein, F.; Klimaszewski, K.; Koivuniemi, J.H.; Kolosov, V.N.; Kondo, K.; Konigsmann, K.; Konorov, I.; Konstantinov, V.F.; Kotzinian, A.M.; Kouznetsov, O.; Kramer, M.; Kremser, P.; Krinner, F.; Kroumchtein, Z.V.; Kuchinski, N.; Kunne, F.; Kurek, K.; Kurjata, R.P.; Lednev, A.A.; Lehmann, A.; Levillain, M.; Levorato, S.; Lichtenstadt, J.; Longo, R.; Maggiora, A.; Magnon, A.; Makins, N.; Makke, N.; Mallot, G.K.; Marchand, C.; Martin, A.; Marzec, J.; Matousek, J.; Matsuda, H.; Matsuda, T.; Meshcheryakov, G.; Meyer, W.; Michigami, T.; Mikhailov, Yu. V.; Miyachi, Y.; Nagaytsev, A.; Nagel, T.; Nerling, F.; Neyret, D.; Nikolaenko, V.I.; Novy, J.; Nowak, W.D.; Nunes, A.S.; Olshevsky, A.G.; Orlov, I.; Ostrick, M.; Panzieri, D.; Parsamyan, B.; Paul, S.; Peng, J.C.; Pereira, F.; Pesek, M.; Peshekhonov, D.V.; Platchkov, S.; Pochodzalla, J.; Polyakov, V.A.; Pretz, J.; Quaresma, M.; Quintans, C.; Ramos, S.; Regali, C.; Reicherz, G.; Riedl, C.; Rocco, E.; Rossiyskaya, N.S.; Ryabchikov, D.I.; Rychter, A.; Samoylenko, V.D.; Sandacz, A.; Santos, C.; Sarkar, S.; Savin, I.A.; Sbrizzai, G.; Schiavon, P.; Schmidt, K.; Schmieden, H.; Schonning, K.; Schopferer, S.; Selyunin, A.; Shevchenko, O.Yu.; Silva, L.; Sinha, L.; Sirtl, S.; Slunecka, M.; Sozzi, F.; Srnka, A.; Stolarski, M.; Sulc, M.; Suzuki, H.; Szabelski, A.; Szameitat, T.; Sznajder, P.; Takekawa, S.; Wolbeek, J. ter; Tessaro, S.; Tessarotto, F.; Thibaud, F.; Tosello, F.; Tskhay, V.; Uhl, S.; Veloso, J.; Virius, M.; Weisrock, T.; Wilfert, M.; Windmolders, R.; Zaremba, K.; Zavertyaev, M.; Zemlyanichkina, E.; Ziembicki, M.; Zink, A.
2015-01-01
New results for the double spin asymmetry $A_1^{\\rm p}$ and the proton longitudinal spin structure function $g_1^{\\rm p}$ are presented. They were obtained by the COMPASS collaboration using polarised 200 GeV muons scattered off a longitudinally polarised NH$_3$ target. The data were collected in 2011 and complement those recorded in 2007 at 160\\,GeV, in particular at lower values of $x$. They improve the statistical precision of $g_1^{\\rm p}(x)$ by about a factor of two in the region $x\\lesssim 0.02$. A next-to-leading order QCD fit to the $g_1$ world data is performed. It leads to a new determination of the quark spin contribution to the nucleon spin, $\\Delta \\Sigma$ ranging from 0.26 to 0.36, and to a re-evaluation of the first moment of $g_1^{\\rm p}$. The uncertainty of $\\Delta \\Sigma$ is mostly due to the large uncertainty in the present determinations of the gluon helicity distribution. A new evaluation of the Bjorken sum rule based on the COMPASS results for the non-singlet structure function $g_1^{\\rm...
EVALUATION OF REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DWPF HIGHER CAPACITY CANISTER
Miller, D.; Estochen, E.; Jordan, J.; Kesterson, M.; Mckeel, C.
2014-08-05
The Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) is considering the option to increase canister glass capacity by reducing the wall thickness of the current production canister. This design has been designated as the DWPF Higher Capacity Canister (HCC). A significant decrease in the number of canisters processed during the life of the facility would be achieved if the HCC were implemented leading to a reduced overall reduction in life cycle costs. Prior to implementation of the change, Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) was requested to conduct an evaluation of the potential impacts. The specific areas of interest included loading and deformation of the canister during the filling process. Additionally, the effect of the reduced wall thickness on corrosion and material compatibility needed to be addressed. Finally the integrity of the canister during decontamination and other handling steps needed to be determined. The initial request regarding canister fabrication was later addressed in an alternate study. A preliminary review of canister requirements and previous testing was conducted prior to determining the testing approach. Thermal and stress models were developed to predict the forces on the canister during the pouring and cooling process. The thermal model shows the HCC increasing and decreasing in temperature at a slightly faster rate than the original. The HCC is shown to have a 3°F ?T between the internal and outer surfaces versus a 5°F ?T for the original design. The stress model indicates strain values ranging from 1.9% to 2.9% for the standard canister and 2.5% to 3.1% for the HCC. These values are dependent on the glass level relative to the thickness transition between the top head and the canister wall. This information, along with field readings, was used to set up environmental test conditions for corrosion studies. Small 304-L canisters were filled with glass and subjected to accelerated environmental testing for 3 months. No evidence of stress corrosion cracking was indicated on either the canisters or U-bend coupons. Calculations and finite element modeling were used to determine forces over a range of handling conditions along with possible forces during decontamination. While expected reductions in some physical characteristics were found in the HCC, none were found to be significant when compared to the required values necessary to perform its intended function. Based on this study and a review of successful testing of thinner canisters at West Valley Demonstration Project (WVDP), the mechanical properties obtained with the thinner wall do not significantly undermine the ability of the canister to perform its intended function.
Water Constraints in an Electric Sector Capacity Expansion Model
Macknick, Jordan; Cohen, Stuart; Newmark, Robin; Martinez, Andrew; Sullivan, Patrick; Tidwell, Vince
2015-07-17
This analysis provides a description of the first U.S. national electricity capacity expansion model to incorporate water resource availability and costs as a constraint for the future development of the electricity sector. The Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) model was modified to incorporate water resource availability constraints and costs in each of its 134 Balancing Area (BA) regions along with differences in costs and efficiencies of cooling systems. Water resource availability and cost data are from recently completed research at Sandia National Laboratories (Tidwell et al. 2013b). Scenarios analyzed include a business-as-usual 3 This report is available at no cost from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) at www.nrel.gov/publications. scenario without water constraints as well as four scenarios that include water constraints and allow for different cooling systems and types of water resources to be utilized. This analysis provides insight into where water resource constraints could affect the choice, configuration, or location of new electricity technologies.
Kweskin, S.J.
2006-05-19
Sum frequency generation (SFG) surface vibrational spectroscopy was used to characterize interfaces pertinent to current surface engineering applications, such as thin film polymers and novel catalysts. An array of advanced surface science techniques like scanning probe microscopy (SPM), x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), gas chromatography (GC) and electron microscopy were used to obtain experimental measurements complementary to SFG data elucidating polymer and catalyst surface composition, surface structure, and surface mechanical behavior. Experiments reported in this dissertation concentrate on three fundamental questions: (1) How does the interfacial molecular structure differ from that of the bulk in real world applications? (2) How do differences in chemical environment affect interface composition or conformation? (3) How do these changes correlate to properties such as mechanical or catalytic performance? The density, surface energy and bonding at a solid interface dramatically alter the polymer configuration, physics and mechanical properties such as surface glass transition, adhesion and hardness. The enhanced sensitivity of SFG at the buried interface is applied to three systems: a series of acrylates under compression, the compositions and segregation behavior of binary polymer polyolefin blends, and the changes in surface structure of a hydrogel as a function of hydration. In addition, a catalytically active thin film of polymer coated nanoparticles is investigated to evaluate the efficacy of SFG to provide in situ information for catalytic reactions involving small mass adsorption and/or product development. Through the use of SFG, in situ total internal reflection (TIR) was used to increase the sensitivity of SFG and provide the necessary specificity to investigate interfaces of thin polymer films and nanostructures previously considered unfeasible. The dynamic nature of thin film surfaces is examined and it is found that the non-equilibrium states contribute to practical applications of acrylates, blends and hydrogels. Lastly, nanoparticle surfaces and the catalytic activity and selectivity of platinum cube nanoparticles are correlated to the surface intermediates in a high pressure flow reactor.
Wireless networks in non-ergodic multipath fading : capacity and relaying performance analysis
Nebat, Yoav
2007-01-01
3 The Capacity of Wireless Networks in Non-Ergodic Multipathdiversity in wireless networks: Ef?cient protocols anddiversity in wireless networks,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory,
Grid Integration and the Carrying Capacity of the U.S. Grid to...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
identifies emerging practices in power system planning and operation that can facilitate grid integration, and proposes a unifying concept-economic carrying capacity-that can...
Habitat Use and Energetic Carrying Capacity of American Black Ducks Wintering in Western Tennessee
Gray, Matthew
) More info on Habitat Use Manage for more energe)cally important foods, and other waterfowl, and es)mate energe)c carrying capacity, in treated
The Third Wave: Innovation and Strategic Military Capacity in the Future
COWHEY, Peter
2013-01-01
APRIL 2013 The Third Wave: Innovation and Strategic Militaryassumes that the balance of innovation capacity matters forThe analysis treats innovation as the successful
Estimate of Maximum Underground Working Gas Storage Capacity in the United States: 2007 Update
Reports and Publications (EIA)
2007-01-01
This report provides an update to an estimate for U.S. aggregate natural gas storage capacity that was released in 2006.
GE to DOE General Counsel; Re:Request for Comment on Large Capacity...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
to amend the clothes washer test procedure to reflect efficiency standards of large-capacity residential clothes washer machines. GE also urges the DOE to adopt recommended...
Fetcho-Phillips, Kacey L. (Kacey Lynn)
2011-01-01
Application of system optimization theory, supply chain principles, and capacity modeling are increasingly valuable tools for use in pharmaceutical manufacturing facilities. The dynamics of the pharmaceutical industry - ...
Coughlin, Katie
2013-01-01
ngcc nuclear coal ngcc nuclear other peaking renewable otherpeaking renewable Terawatt- hours Terawatt-hoursnuclear other peaking renewable Marginal Capacity Starting
Exploring Opportunities for Energy Efficiency as a Revenue Stream in the Forward Capacity Markets
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
Provides information for energy efficiency programs on the opportunities and challenges associated with participating in forward capacity markets and reliability pricing models as potential revenue streams.
1993 Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study, Technical Appendix: Volume 2, Book 2, Capacity.
United States. Bonneville Power Administration.
1993-12-01
Monthly totals of utility loads and capacities extrapolated as far as 2009 with a probability estimate of enough water resources for hydro power.
Gloger, Kelly C
1995-01-01
Two experiments were conducted to determine: 1.) the waste treatment capacity of raft hydroponic lettuce production in an integrated fish culture system and 2.) the contribution of lettuce plants, Lactuca saliva, cv. Paris ...
Sharma, Shweta
2012-01-01
The article is based on the differential properties of the inner generators (singularities) that occur while handling SP series (sum product series), power series whose Taylor coefficients can be written as sum-product combinations. It is an elaboration with numerical details and some explicit calculations of the chapter 6 of the joint article with Ecalle on these series. For all polynomial inputs $f$ and all monomial inputs $F$, the inner generators corresponding to them verify ordinary differential equations of linear homogeneous type with polynomial coefficients. Numerical results strongly suggest the non-existence of ODEs for functions $F$ that are rational but not monomial, i.e. not of the form ${(1-ax)}^p$, for $p \\in \\mathbb{Z}$.
Armstrong, Darrell Jewell; Smith, Arlee Virgil
2005-02-01
We have built and tested a highly efficient source of pulsed 320 nm light based on intra-cavity sum-frequency-generation in a self-injection-seeded image-rotating nanosecond optical parametric oscillator. The four-mirror nonplanar ring optical cavity uses the RISTRA geometry, denoting rotated-image singly-resonant twisted rectangle. The cavity contains a type-II xz-cut KTP crystal pumped by the 532 nm second harmonic of Nd:YAG to generate an 803{approx}nm signal and 1576 nm idler, and a type-II BBO crystal to sum-frequency mix the 532 nm pump and cavity-resonant 803 nm signal to generate 320 nm light. The cavity is configured so pump light passes first through the BBO crystal and then through the KTP crystal with the 320 nm light exiting through the output coupler following the BBO sum-frequency crystal. The cavity output coupler is designed to be a high reflector at 532 nm, have high transmission at 320 nm, and reflect approximately 85% at 803 nm. With this configuration we've obtained 1064 nm to 320 nm optical-to-optical conversion efficiency of 24% and generated single-frequency {lambda} = 320 nm pulses with energies up to 140 mJ.
Natural gas productive capacity for the lower 48 States, 1980 through 1995
Not Available
1994-07-14
The purpose of this report is to analyze monthly natural gas wellhead productive capacity in the lower 48 States from 1980 through 1992 and project this capacity from 1993 through 1995. For decades, natural gas supplies and productive capacity have been adequate to meet demand. In the 1970`s the capacity surplus was small because of market structure (split between interstate and intrastate), increasing demand, and insufficient drilling. In the early 1980`s, lower demand, together with increased drilling, led to a large surplus capacity as new productive capacity came on line. After 1986, this large surplus began to decline as demand for gas increased, gas prices fell, and gas well completions dropped sharply. In late December 1989, the decline in this surplus, accompanied by exceptionally high demand and temporary weather-related production losses, led to concerns about the adequacy of monthly productive capacity for natural gas. These concerns should have been moderated by the gas system`s performance during the unusually severe winter weather in March 1993 and January 1994. The declining trend in wellhead productive capacity is expected to be reversed in 1994 if natural gas prices and drilling meet or exceed the base case assumption. This study indicates that in the low, base, and high drilling cases, monthly productive capacity should be able to meet normal production demands through 1995 in the lower 48 States (Figure ES1). Exceptionally high peak-day or peak-week production demand might not be met because of physical limitations such as pipeline capacity. Beyond 1995, as the capacity of currently producing wells declines, a sufficient number of wells and/or imports must be added each year in order to ensure an adequate gas supply.
Complex Hydride Compounds with Enhanced Hydrogen Storage Capacity
Mosher, Daniel A.; Opalka, Susanne M.; Tang, Xia; Laube, Bruce L.; Brown, Ronald J.; Vanderspurt, Thomas H.; Arsenault, Sarah; Wu, Robert; Strickler, Jamie; Anton, Donald L.; Zidan, Ragaiy; Berseth, Polly
2008-02-18
The United Technologies Research Center (UTRC), in collaboration with major partners Albemarle Corporation (Albemarle) and the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL), conducted research to discover new hydride materials for the storage of hydrogen having on-board reversibility and a target gravimetric capacity of ? 7.5 weight percent (wt %). When integrated into a system with a reasonable efficiency of 60% (mass of hydride / total mass), this target material would produce a system gravimetric capacity of ? 4.5 wt %, consistent with the DOE 2007 target. The approach established for the project combined first principles modeling (FPM - UTRC) with multiple synthesis methods: Solid State Processing (SSP - UTRC), Solution Based Processing (SBP - Albemarle) and Molten State Processing (MSP - SRNL). In the search for novel compounds, each of these methods has advantages and disadvantages; by combining them, the potential for success was increased. During the project, UTRC refined its FPM framework which includes ground state (0 Kelvin) structural determinations, elevated temperature thermodynamic predictions and thermodynamic / phase diagram calculations. This modeling was used both to precede synthesis in a virtual search for new compounds and after initial synthesis to examine reaction details and options for modifications including co-reactant additions. The SSP synthesis method involved high energy ball milling which was simple, efficient for small batches and has proven effective for other storage material compositions. The SBP method produced very homogeneous chemical reactions, some of which cannot be performed via solid state routes, and would be the preferred approach for large scale production. The MSP technique is similar to the SSP method, but involves higher temperature and hydrogen pressure conditions to achieve greater species mobility. During the initial phases of the project, the focus was on higher order alanate complexes in the phase space between alkaline metal hydrides (AmH), Alkaline earth metal hydrides (AeH2), alane (AlH3), transition metal (Tm) hydrides (TmHz, where z=1-3) and molecular hydrogen (H2). The effort started first with variations of known alanates and subsequently extended the search to unknown compounds. In this stage, the FPM techniques were developed and validated on known alanate materials such as NaAlH4 and Na2LiAlH6. The coupled predictive methodologies were used to survey over 200 proposed phases in six quaternary spaces, formed from various combinations of Na, Li Mg and/or Ti with Al and H. A wide range of alanate compounds was examined using SSP having additions of Ti, Cr, Co, Ni and Fe. A number of compositions and reaction paths were identified having H weight fractions up to 5.6 wt %, but none meeting the 7.5 wt%H reversible goal. Similarly, MSP of alanates produced a number of interesting compounds and general conclusions regarding reaction behavior of mixtures during processing, but no alanate based candidates meeting the 7.5 wt% goal. A novel alanate, LiMg(AlH4)3, was synthesized using SBP that demonstrated a 7.0 wt% capacity with a desorption temperature of 150°C. The deuteride form was synthesized and characterized by the Institute for Energy (IFE) in Norway to determine its crystalline structure for related FPM studies. However, the reaction exhibited exothermicity and therefore was not reversible under acceptable hydrogen gas pressures for on-board recharging. After the extensive studies of alanates, the material class of emphasis was shifted to borohydrides. Through SBP, several ligand-stabilized Mg(BH4)2 complexes were synthesized. The Mg(BH4)2*2NH3 complex was found to change behavior with slightly different synthesis conditions and/or aging. One of the two mechanisms was an amine-borane (NH3BH3) like dissociation reaction which released up to 16 wt %H and more conservatively 9 wt%H when not including H2 released from the NH3. From FPM, the stability of the Mg(BH4)2*2NH3 compound was found to increase with the inclusion of NH3 groups in the inner-Mg coordination
Transport Capacity of Wireless Networks: Benefits from Multi-Access Computation Coding
Boucherie, Richard J.
Transport Capacity of Wireless Networks: Benefits from Multi-Access Computation Coding Jasper on the transport capacity of wireless networks of different physical layer coding mechanisms. We compare the performance of traditional channel coding techniques, turning the wireless network in reliable point
Capacity of a 3-D multi-layer optical data storage system , Edwin P. Walkera
Esener, Sadik C.
Capacity of a 3-D multi-layer optical data storage system Yi Zhanga* , Edwin P. Walkera , Wenyi) Emcore Fiber Optics Components, 1600 Eubank Blvd. SE, Albuquerque, NM 87123 ABSTRACT Storage capacity of a 3-D multi-layer optical data storage system is analyzed. Theoretical analysis of recorded bit size
Physics 1114: Unit 7 Homework Use the table in your text for specific heat capacity values.
Mansell, Edward "Ted"
Physics 1114: Unit 7 Homework Use the table in your text for specific heat capacity values. Problem at 20 C? [Specific heat capacity of air = 703 J/(kg C ) at constant volume.] 7. What is the specific C? Specific Heat of Silver = 236 J/(kg C ) Melting point = 961 C Heat of Fusion = 8.7990 × 104 J
Parameter Estimation and Capacity Fade Analysis of Lithium-Ion Batteries Using Reformulated Models
Parameter Estimation and Capacity Fade Analysis of Lithium-Ion Batteries Using Reformulated Models and characterize capacity fade in lithium-ion batteries. As a comple- ment to approaches to mathematically model been made in developing lithium-ion battery models that incor- porate transport phenomena
Stress generation during lithiation of high-capacity electrode particles in lithium ion batteries
Zhu, Ting
Stress generation during lithiation of high-capacity electrode particles in lithium ion batteries S in controlling stress generation in high-capacity electrodes for lithium ion batteries. Ó 2013 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Keywords: Lithium ion battery; Lithiation
Large Plastic Deformation in High-Capacity Lithium-Ion Batteries Caused by Charge and Discharge
Suo, Zhigang
Large Plastic Deformation in High-Capacity Lithium-Ion Batteries Caused by Charge and Discharge, Massachusetts 02138 Evidence has accumulated recently that a high-capacity elec- trode of a lithium-ion battery in the particle is high, possibly leading to fracture and cavitation. I. Introduction LITHIUM-ION batteries
The Economic Implications of Adding Wind Capacity to a Bulk Power Transmission Network
The Economic Implications of Adding Wind Capacity to a Bulk Power Transmission Network by Tim Mount. * Corresponding author, tdm2@cornell.edu. #12;2 The Economic Implications of Adding Wind Capacity to a Bulk Power limitations of solving large AC Optimal Power Flows (OPF) for real networks, system operators typically use
ON MIMO CHANNEL CAPACITY, SPATIAL SAMPLING AND THE LAWS OF ELECTROMAGNETISM
Loyka, Sergey
ON MIMO CHANNEL CAPACITY, SPATIAL SAMPLING AND THE LAWS OF ELECTROMAGNETISM Sergey Loyka School by the laws of electromagnetism on achievable MIMO channel capacity in its general form. Our approach is a two expansion of a generic electromagnetic wave combined with Nyquist sampling theorem in the spatial domain, we
Feedback Can Increase the CapacityCost Function of Discrete Channels with Memory y
Alajaji, Fady
bound to the capacitycost func tion with feedback (CFB (fi)). The lower bound to CFB (fi) is then shown numerically to exceed the upper bound to CNFB (fi). An upper bound to CFB (fi) is also obtained and feedback capacitycost functions -- denoted by CNFB (fi) and CFB (fi) respectively -- in order to deter
System capacity of FTDMA cellular systems G. Caire 1 , R. Knopp 2 and P. Humblet 2
Humblet, Pierre A.
maximum outage probability. Outage is defined as the event that the mutual information of the interference on a typical urban mobile environment. Keywords --- Cellular system capacity, blockfading channels, outage are obtained as special cases. System capacity is constrained by the maximum allowed outage probability. We
IEEE COMMUNICATIONS LETTERS, VOL. 17, NO. 1, JANUARY 2013 127 Capacity of Zero-Outage Scheme
Candan, Cagatay
IEEE COMMUNICATIONS LETTERS, VOL. 17, NO. 1, JANUARY 2013 127 Capacity of Zero-Outage Scheme Under Imprecise Channel State Information C¸ a~gatay Candan Abstract--The capacity of zero-outage scheme-to-noise-ratio fluctuates and the scheme suffers from com- munication outages. Exact analytical expressions characterizing
Transmission Capacity of Decode-and-Forward Cooperation in Overlaid Wireless Networks
Leung, Kin K.
Transmission Capacity of Decode-and-Forward Cooperation in Overlaid Wireless Networks Zhengguo.ac.uk Abstract--In this paper, we employ a stochastic geometry model to analyze the transmission capacity the channel, whereas the SR users use only direct transmission. Because of the fact of coexistence
Achievable Transmission Capacity of Cognitive Mesh Networks With Different Media Access
Cheng, Xiuzhen "Susan"
Achievable Transmission Capacity of Cognitive Mesh Networks With Different Media Access Control Tao, Beijing Jiaotong University, China 2Computer Science, The George Washington University, DC, USA E broadband access. In this paper we investigate the achievable transmission capacity of a wireless backhaul
QUANTIFYING CROSS-WEAVE IMPACT ON CAPACITY REDUCTION FOR FREEWAY FACILITIES WITH MANAGED LANES
Washington at Seattle, University of
raises concerns towards environmental impact and sustainable development of transportation5 systems. One With the increasing concerns towards environmental impacts and sustainability of roadway2 capacity expansionDRAFT QUANTIFYING CROSS-WEAVE IMPACT ON CAPACITY REDUCTION FOR FREEWAY FACILITIES WITH MANAGED
A High Capacity Hybrid Fiberoptic/Wireless Communication System: An Overview W. D. Jemison1
Herczfeld, Peter
A High Capacity Hybrid Fiberoptic/Wireless Communication System: An Overview by W. D. Jemison1 , P This paper describes the development of a hybrid fiberoptic/wireless communications system. The system picocell. The system can support high-capacity (Gb/s) secure mobile communications for both military
TRANSBOUNDARY RIVER FLOODS AND INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY1 Marloes H.N. Bakker2
Wolf, Aaron
TRANSBOUNDARY RIVER FLOODS AND INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY1 Marloes H.N. Bakker2 ABSTRACT: While transboundary flood events have become more frequent on a global scale the past two dec- ades, they appear to identify the IRBs with adequate institutional capacity for management of transboundary floods. It also
Capacity and Energy Cost of Information in Biological and Silicon Photoreceptors
Maryland at College Park, University of
Capacity and Energy Cost of Information in Biological and Silicon Photoreceptors PAMELA ABSHIRE of infor- mation capacity (in bits per second) versus energy cost of infor- mation (in joules per bit such as size, reliability, and energy re- quirements for natural and engineered sensory microsystems. I
1994 lubricating oil and wax capacities of U. S. and Canadian refineries
Not Available
1994-01-01
The paper consists of several tables which list the names of US and Canadian refineries, their location, and their capacity for production of lubricating oil and waxes categorized by finishing operations and primary processing. A separate table lists US and Canadian re-refiners and their capacity for refining waste lubricating oils.
Approximate Dynamic Programming for Dynamic Capacity Allocation with Multiple Priority Levels
Topaloglu, Huseyin
Approximate Dynamic Programming for Dynamic Capacity Allocation with Multiple Priority Levels In this paper, we consider a quite general dynamic capacity allocation problem. There is a fixed amount of daily to construct separable approximations to the value functions. We use the value function approximations for two
Gosavi, Abhijit
for determining AGV capacity in a manufacturing system Abhijit Gosavi and Scott E. Grasman Email: gosavia Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO 65409, USA Abstract We consider a manufacturing from the standpoint of making a system lean. Optimization of the AGV's capacity can be performed
Evolution-cast: Temporal Evolution in Wireless Social Networks and Its Impact on Capacity
Wang, Xinbing
1 Evolution-cast: Temporal Evolution in Wireless Social Networks and Its Impact on Capacity Luoyi, the corresponding capacity is significantly impacted by both social relations and network evolution. In particular with each other through social relations but employ transmission via wireless communications. The network
Stress evolution and capacity fade in constrained lithium-ion pouch cells
Arnold, Craig B.
Stress evolution and capacity fade in constrained lithium-ion pouch cells John Cannarella, Craig B 28 June 2013 Accepted 30 June 2013 Available online 13 July 2013 Keywords: Lithium-ion battery stress on lithium-ion battery life are investigated by monitoring the stack pressure and capacity
Carborane-Based Metal-Organic Framework with High Methane and Hydrogen Storage Capacities
Carborane-Based Metal-Organic Framework with High Methane and Hydrogen Storage Capacities Robert DSTP/v. The volumetric hydrogen storage capacity at 55 bar and 77 K is 49 g/L. These properties are comparable to those of current record holders in the area of methane and hydrogen storage. This initial example lays
Capacity-Optimal Training for Space-Time Modulation over a Time-Varying Channel
Swindlehurst, A. Lee
Capacity-Optimal Training for Space-Time Modulation over a Time-Varying Channel Christian B. Peel-autocorrelation function for time-varying MIMO channels, we find a lower bound on capacity for trained modulation, and find for differential unitary space-time modulation is discussed and compared with that for trained modulation. We
Capacity Value of PV and Wind Generation in the NV Energy System
Lu, Shuai; Diao, Ruisheng; Samaan, Nader A.; Etingov, Pavel V.
2014-03-21
Calculation of photovoltaic (PV) and wind power capacity values is important for estimating additional load that can be served by new PV or wind installations in the electrical power system. It also is the basis for assigning capacity credit payments in systems with markets. Because of variability in solar and wind resources, PV and wind generation contribute to power system resource adequacy differently from conventional generation. Many different approaches to calculating PV and wind generation capacity values have been used by utilities and transmission operators. Using the NV Energy system as a study case, this report applies peak-period capacity factor (PPCF) and effective load carrying capability (ELCC) methods to calculate capacity values for renewable energy sources. We show the connection between the PPCF and ELCC methods in the process of deriving a simplified approach that approximates the ELCC method. This simplified approach does not require generation fleet data and provides the theoretical basis for a quick check on capacity value results of PV and wind generation. The diminishing return of capacity benefit as renewable generation increases is conveniently explained using the simplified capacity value approach.
Comparison of Capacity Value Methods for Photovoltaics in the Western United States
Madaeni, S. H.; Sioshansi, R.; Denholm, P.
2012-07-01
This report compares different capacity value estimation techniques applied to solar photovoltaics (PV). It compares more robust data and computationally intense reliability-based capacity valuation techniques to simpler approximation techniques at 14 different locations in the western United States. The capacity values at these locations are computed while holding the underlying power system characteristics fixed. This allows the effect of differences in solar availability patterns on the capacity value of PV to be directly ascertained, without differences in the power system confounding the results. Finally, it examines the effects of different PV configurations, including varying the orientation of a fixed-axis system and installing single- and double-axis tracking systems, on the capacity value. The capacity value estimations are done over an eight-year running from 1998 to 2005, and both long-term average capacity values and interannual capacity value differences (due to interannual differences in solar resource availability) are estimated. Overall, under the assumptions used in the analysis, we find that some approximation techniques can yield similar results to reliability-based methods such as effective load carrying capability.
Saltzman, Wendy
Effects of voluntary activity and genetic selection on aerobic capacity in house mice (Mus of voluntary activity and genetic selection on aerobic capacity in house mice (Mus domesticus). J. Appl. Physiol. 84(1): 6976, 1998.--An animal model was developed to study effects on components of exercise
Wu, Zhigang
Reduction of heat capacity and phonon group velocity in silicon nanowires Christopher Marchbanks distributions, resulting in an 15% to 23% reduction in heat capacity and an averaged decrease of 31% in acoustic thermoelectrics,10,11 photovoltaic cells,12,13 and light-emitting diodes.14 Nanowire structure and confinement
Equilibrium Transitions from Non Renewable Energy to Renewable Energy under Capacity
Equilibrium Transitions from Non Renewable Energy to Renewable Energy under Capacity Constraints 12 renewable and renewable energy sources with adjustment costs over the production capacity of renewable and a more expensive renewable energy, we show the following. With sufficiently abundant non renewable energy
Heat capacity of silver paint A. LeR. Dawson and D. H. Ryan
Ryan, Dominic
Heat capacity of silver paint A. LeR. Dawson and D. H. Ryan Department of Physics, Center; accepted for publication 15 March 1996 The heat capacity [CP(T)] of a silver loaded paint has been measured,3 however, we have found a silver paint Flexible Silver No. 16 Ref. 4 to be better than Apiezon N for many
Heat Capacity of Silver Paint A.LeR. Dawson and D.H. Ryan
Ryan, Dominic
Heat Capacity of Silver Paint A.LeR. Dawson and D.H. Ryan Department of Physics The heat capacity (C P (T )) of a silver loaded paint has been measured between 3 K and 30 K. It is shown is Apiezon N grease [2,3], however, we have found a silver paint (Flexible Silver #16 [4]) to be better than
Journal of Environmental Health Features Tools Developed by CDC Capacity-Building Grantees
Journal of Environmental Health Features Tools Developed by CDC Capacity-Building Grantees developed by the grantees are designed to be models and/or toolkits that can be used by other environmentalAugust 2007 Journal or Environmental Health featured articles written by capacity-building grantees: · Using
Multi-Period Production Capacity Planning for Integrated Product and Production System Design*
Saitou, Kazuhiro "Kazu"
Multi-Period Production Capacity Planning for Integrated Product and Production System Design* Emre.ac.uk kazu@umich.edu .Abstract This paper presents a simulation-based method to aid multi-period production capacity planning by quantifying the trade-off between product quality and production cost. The product
MULTI-PERIOD CAPACITY PLANNING FOR INTEGRATED PRODUCT-PROCESS DESIGN
Saitou, Kazuhiro "Kazu"
MULTI-PERIOD CAPACITY PLANNING FOR INTEGRATED PRODUCT-PROCESS DESIGN Emre Kazancioglu Department-process design, robust design, capacity plan- ning, discrete event simulation, Monte Carlo simula- tion, multi increas- ing product quality by investing on higher quality machinery drives the price of the product up
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Optimal transition from coal to gas and renewable power under capacity constraints and adjustment existing coal power plants to gas and renewable power under a carbon budget. It solves a model of polluting, exhaustible resources with capacity constraints and adjustment costs (to build coal, gas, and renewable power
Self-adaptive Cloud Capacity Planning Yexi Jiang, Chang-shing Perng, Tao Li, Rong Chang
Li, Tao
Self-adaptive Cloud Capacity Planning Yexi Jiang, Chang-shing Perng, Tao Li, Rong Chang School}@us.ibm.com Abstract--The popularity of cloud service spurs the increas- ing demands of cloud resources to the cloud a new method for cloud capacity planning with the goal of fully utilizing the physical resources, as we
Improving Power System Modeling. A Tool to Link Capacity Expansion and Production Cost Models
Diakov, Victor; Cole, Wesley; Sullivan, Patrick; Brinkman, Gregory; Margolis, Robert
2015-11-01
Capacity expansion models (CEM) provide a high-level long-term view at the prospects of the evolving power system. In simulating the possibilities of long-term capacity expansion, it is important to maintain the viability of power system operation in the short-term (daily, hourly and sub-hourly) scales. Production-cost models (PCM) simulate routine power system operation on these shorter time scales using detailed load, transmission and generation fleet data by minimizing production costs and following reliability requirements. When based on CEM 'predictions' about generating unit retirements and buildup, PCM provide more detailed simulation for the short-term system operation and, consequently, may confirm the validity of capacity expansion predictions. Further, production cost model simulations of a system that is based on capacity expansion model solution are 'evolutionary' sound: the generator mix is the result of logical sequence of unit retirement and buildup resulting from policy and incentives. The above has motivated us to bridge CEM with PCM by building a capacity expansion - to - production cost model Linking Tool (CEPCoLT). The Linking Tool is built to onset capacity expansion model prescriptions onto production cost model inputs. NREL's ReEDS and Energy Examplar's PLEXOS are the capacity expansion and the production cost models, respectively. Via the Linking Tool, PLEXOS provides details of operation for the regionally-defined ReEDS scenarios.
D. M. Lewis
2015-02-17
This paper begins with a re-examination of the Riemann-Siegel Integral, which first discovered amongst by Bessel-Hagen in 1926 and expanded upon by C. L. Siegel on his 1932 account of Riemanns unpublished work on the zeta function. By application of standard asymptotic methods for integral estimation, and the use of certain approximations pertaining to special functions, it proves possible to derive a new zeta-sum for the Hardy function Z(t). In itself this new zeta-sum (whose terms made up of elementary functions, but are unlike those that arise from the analytic continuation of the Dirichlet series) proves to be a computationally inefficient method for calculation of Z(t). However, by further, independent analysis, it proves possible to correlate the terms the new zeta-sum with the terms of the Riemann-Siegel formula, thought, since its discovery by Siegel, to be the most efficient means of calculating Z(t). Closer examination of this correlation reveals that is possible to formulate a hybrid asymptotic formula for Z(t) consisting of a sum containing both Riemann-Siegel terms and terms from the new zeta-sum, in such a way as to reduce the overall CPU time required by a factor between 14-15 percent. Alongside the obvious computational benefits of such a result, the very existence of the new zeta-sum itself highlights new theoretical avenues of study in this field.
Rocky Mountain Regional CO{sub 2} Storage Capacity and Significance
Laes, Denise; Eisinger, Chris; Esser, Richard; Morgan, Craig; Rauzi, Steve; Scholle, Dana; Matthews, Vince; McPherson, Brian
2013-08-30
The purpose of this study includes extensive characterization of the most promising geologic CO{sub 2} storage formations on the Colorado Plateau, including estimates of maximum possible storage capacity. The primary targets of characterization and capacity analysis include the Cretaceous Dakota Formation, the Jurassic Entrada Formation and the Permian Weber Formation and their equivalents in the Colorado Plateau region. The total CO{sub 2} capacity estimates for the deep saline formations of the Colorado Plateau region range between 9.8 metric GT and 143 metric GT, depending on assumed storage efficiency, formations included, and other factors.
Transparent hydrogel with enhanced water retention capacity by introducing highly hydratable salt
Bai, Yuanyuan; Xiang, Feng; Wang, Hong E-mail: suo@seas.harvard.edu; Chen, Baohong; Zhou, Jinxiong; Suo, Zhigang E-mail: suo@seas.harvard.edu
2014-10-13
Polyacrylamide hydrogels containing salt as electrolyte have been used as highly stretchable transparent electrodes in flexible electronics, but those hydrogels are easy to dry out due to water evaporation. Targeted, we try to enhance water retention capacity of polyacrylamide hydrogel by introducing highly hydratable salts into the hydrogel. These hydrogels show enhanced water retention capacity in different level. Specially, polyacrylamide hydrogel containing high content of lithium chloride can retain over 70% of its initial water even in environment with relative humidity of only 10% RH. The excellent water retention capacities of these hydrogels will make more applications of hydrogels become possible.
A. Sergeev; R. Jovanovic; S. Kais; F. H. Alharbi
2015-08-27
The gradient expansion of the kinetic energy functional, when applied for atoms or finite systems, usually grossly overestimates the energy in the fourth order and generally diverges in the sixth order. We avoid the divergence of the integral by replacing the asymptotic series including the sixth order term in the integrand by a rational function. Pade approximants show moderate improvements in accuracy in comparison with partial sums of the series. The results are discussed for atoms and Hooke law model for two electron atoms.
Hua, Xia, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
2008-01-01
This project examines a production station that faces fluctuating demand with seasonal pattern. The cumulative capacity exceeds the cumulative demand in a one year period; however, its weekly capacity is not able to meet ...
Effect of spatial variability on the bearing capacity of cement-treated ground
Kasama, Kiyonobu
This paper presents a reliability assessment for the undrained bearing capacity of a surface strip foundation based on the results of a probabilistic study in which the shear strength and unit weight of cement-treated ...
The Balanced Unicast and Multicast Capacity Regions of Large Wireless Networks
Niesen, Urs
We consider the question of determining the scaling of the n[superscript n] -dimensional balanced unicast and the n 2[superscript n]-dimensional balanced multicast capacity regions of a wireless network with n nodes placed ...
Estimation and tactical allocation of airport capacity in the presence of uncertainty
Ramanujam, Varun
2012-01-01
Major airports in the United States and around the world have seen an increase in congestion-related delays over the past few years. Because airport congestion is caused by an imbalance between available capacity and demand, ...
O'Hanley, Harrison F.
Nanofluids are being considered for heat transfer applications; therefore it is important to know their thermophysical properties accurately. In this paper we focused on nanofluid specific heat capacity. Currently, there ...
Optimal Power Flow as a Tool for Fault Level Constrained Network Capacity Analysis
Vovos, Panagis; Harrison, Gareth P; Wallace, Robin; Bialek, Janusz
2005-01-01
The aim of this paper is to present a new method for the allocation of new generation capacity, which takes into account fault level constraints imposed by protection equipment such as switcvhgear. It simulates new generation ...
Modeling Reallocation of Reservoir Storage Capacity Between Flood Control and Conservation Purposes
Kim, Tae Jin
2010-07-14
Interest in converting portions of the large volumes of flood control storage capacity in federal multiple-purpose reservoirs in Texas and elsewhere to water supply and other conservation purposes has been growing for some time. Evaluation...
Jordan, Rhonda LeNai
2013-01-01
This research develops a novel approach to long-term power system capacity expansion planning for developing countries by incorporating endogenous demand dynamics resulting from social processes of technology adoption. ...
Measuring the capacity of a port system : a case study on a Southeast Asian port
Salminen, Jason Bryan
2013-01-01
As economies develop and trade routes change, investment in port infrastructure is essential to maintain the necessary capacity for an efficiently functioning port system and to meet expected demand for all types of cargo. ...
Davis, Robin M. (Robin Manes)
2005-01-01
Vanadium oxide thin film cathodes were analyzed to determine whether smaller average grain size and/or a narrower average grain size distribution affects the capacity-rate performance in lithium-ion batteries. Vanadium ...
Power-Capacity and Ramp-Capability Reserves for Wind Integration ...
Jul 8, 2014 ... Power-Capacity and Ramp-Capability Reserves for Wind Integration in Power- Based UC. German Morales-EspaÃ±a (gmorales ***at*** kth.se)
Long-term contracts for new investments in power generation capacity : pain or gain?
Sakhrani, Vivek A. (Vivek Ashok)
2010-01-01
In recent years, a debate has ensued regarding the role of long-term power purchase agreements for securing investments in power generation capacity in organized wholesale markets. This thesis illuminates the issues ...
Transparent hydrogel with enhanced water retention capacity by introducing highly hydratable salt
Suo, Zhigang
Transparent hydrogel with enhanced water retention capacity by introducing highly hydratable salt 2014; published online 14 October 2014) Polyacrylamide hydrogels containing salt as electrolyte have of polyacrylamide hydrogel by introducing highly hydratable salts into the hydrogel. These hydrogels show enhanced
Metal-organic frameworks with high capacity and selectivity for harmful gases
Yaghi, Omar M.
, MOF-199, and IRMOF-62, as selective adsorbents for eight harmful gases: sulfur dioxide, ammonia, chlorine, tetrahydrothiophene, benzene, dichloromethane, ethyl- ene oxide, and carbon monoxide. Kinetic breakthrough measure- ments are used to determine the calculated dynamic adsorption capacity of each
Raw material inventory planning in a serial system with warehouse capacity
Choi, Jason Jinho
2014-01-01
The thesis explores inventory management principles in the context of a storage capacity constrained warehouse. Amgen Inc. is building a new manufacturing facility in Singapore. Due to internal raw material warehouse ...
Determination of Heat Capacities at Constant Volume from Experimental (P-Rho-T) Data
Tibaduiza Rincon, Andrea
2015-07-27
This work examines the uncertainty in the determination of the heat capacity at constant volume from experimental volumetric data. The proposed methodology uses the experimental (P-?-T) data for a ternary mixture of methane, ethane and propane...
High energy bursts from a solid state laser operated in the heat capacity limited regime
Albrecht, Georg (Livermore, CA); George, E. Victor (Livermore, CA); Krupke, William F. (Pleasanton, CA); Sooy, Walter (Pleasanton, CA); Sutton, Steven B. (Manteca, CA)
1996-01-01
High energy bursts are produced from a solid state laser operated in a heat capacity limited regime. Instead of cooling the laser, the active medium is thermally well isolated. As a result, the active medium will heat up until it reaches some maximum acceptable temperature. The waste heat is stored in the active medium itself. Therefore, the amount of energy the laser can put out during operation is proportional to its mass, the heat capacity of the active medium, and the temperature difference over which it is being operated. The high energy burst capacity of a heat capacity operated solid state laser, together with the absence of a heavy, power consuming steady state cooling system for the active medium, will make a variety of applications possible. Alternately, cooling takes place during a separate sequence when the laser is not operating. Industrial applications include new material working processes.