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Property:Device Nameplate Capacity (MW) | Open Energy Information
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So, Hing-Cheung
allocation (ppp1;ppp2) by ppp. The sum capacity of a one-sided Gaussian IC was given in [3]. Based be found by solving the following optimization problem: max ppp2P f(ppp1;ppp2) L l=1 Ca p(l) 1; p(l) 2
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onsource History View NewUS NationalStocks 2009 2010 2011 2012Presented To: Washington DC636Arkansas"Installed
Debt extension on small project yields real savings
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
70 MW Idaho Falls Bulb Turbine Project, nameplate capacity 27 MW DworshakClearwater Small Hydro Power, nameplate capacity 5.4 MW Rocky Brook of Mason PUD No. 1, nameplate...
Jacobi Sum Matrices Sam Vandervelde
Vandervelde, Sam
Jacobi Sum Matrices Sam Vandervelde Abstract. In this article we identify several beautiful properties of Jacobi sums that become evident when these numbers are organized as a matrix and studied via the tools of linear algebra. In the process we reconsider a convention employed in computing Jacobi sum
Simplifying additivity problems using direct sum constructions
Motohisa Fukuda; Michael M. Wolf
2007-08-21T23:59:59.000Z
We study the additivity problems for the classical capacity of quantum channels, the minimal output entropy and its convex closure. We show for each of them that additivity for arbitrary pairs of channels holds iff it holds for arbitrary equal pairs, which in turn can be taken to be unital. In a similar sense, weak additivity is shown to imply strong additivity for any convex entanglement monotone. The implications are obtained by considering direct sums of channels (or states) for which we show how to obtain several information theoretic quantities from their values on the summands. This provides a simple and general tool for lifting additivity results.
Mills, Andrew
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Surprising Value of Wind Farms as Generating Capacity. ”nameplate capacity of the wind farm. While this is an option
Summing tree graphs at threshold
Brown, L.S. (Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States))
1992-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
The solution of the classical field equation generates the sum of all tree graphs. We show that the classical equation reduces to an easily solved ordinary differential equation for certain multiparticle threshold amplitudes and compute these amplitudes.
Summing Planar Bosonic Open Strings
Bardakci, Korkut
2006-02-16T23:59:59.000Z
In earlier work, planar graphs of massless {phi}{sup 3} theory were summed with the help of the light cone world sheet picture and the mean field approximation. In the present article, the same methods are applied to the problem of summing planar bosonic open strings. They find that in the ground state of the system, string boundaries form a condensate on the world sheet, and a new string emerges from this summation. Its slope is always greater than the initial slope, and it remains non-zero even when the initial slope is set equal to zero. If they assume the initial string tends to a field a theory in the zero slope limit, this result provides evidence for string formation in field theory.
Spin Sum Rules and Polarizabilities
D. Drechsel
2009-10-05T23:59:59.000Z
The Gerasimov-Drell-Hearn sum rule and related dispersive integrals connect real and virtual Compton scattering to inclusive photo- and electroproduction. Being based on universal principles as causality, unitarity, and gauge invariance, these relations provide a unique testing ground to study the internal degrees of freedom that hold a system together. The present contribution reviews the spin-dependent sum rules and cross sections of the nucleon. At small momentum transfer, the data sample information on the long range phenomena (Goldstone bosons and collective resonances), whereas the primary degrees of freedom (quarks and gluons) become visible at large momentum transfer (short distance). The rich body of new data covers a wide range of phenomena from coherent to incoherent processes, and from the generalized spin polarizabilities on the low-energy side to higher twist effects in deep inelastic scattering.
On The Analysis of Spatially-Coupled GLDPC Codes and The Weighted Min-Sum Algorithm
Jian, Yung-Yih
2013-08-07T23:59:59.000Z
system that can approach the channel capacity using iterative HDD. The optimality of a codeword returned by the weighted min-sum (WMS) algorithm, an iterative decoding algorithm which is widely used in practice, is studied as well. The attenuated max...
SEMIDEFINITE PROGRAMMING AND SUMS OF HERMITIAN ...
2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
Jul 1, 2009 ... Primary 11E25, 90C22; Secondary 08B20, 13J30. Key words and phrases. noncommutative polynomial, sum of squares, semidefinite program-.
Coughlin, Katie
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
capacity types Oil & Gas Steam and Combustion Turbine/to the sum of Oil & Gas Steam plus Combustion CombustioCoal Oil and Natural Gas Steam Combined Cycle Combustion
The generalized GDH sum for He-3
Karl Slifer
2004-06-02T23:59:59.000Z
The Burkhardt-Cottingham, Bjorken and generalized GDH sum rules are all consequences of the Q^2-dependent dispersion relations for the virtual photon Compton amplitudes. These integrals are investigated for a He-3 target at low Q^2.
On a concentration inequality for sums of independent isotropic vectors
Cranston, Michael Craig; Molchanov, Stanislav Alekseevich
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Hoeffding. Probability inequalities for sums of boundedMarek Kanter. Probability inequalities for convex sets andOn a concentration inequality for sums of independent
Physics 214 Winter 2013 The Poisson sum formula
California at Santa Cruz, University of
Physics 214 Winter 2013 The Poisson sum formula The Poisson sum formula takes on a number will use this version of the Poisson sum formula in solving problem 14.13 of Jackson. To prove this formula sum formula is as follows. Given a function f(t) and its Fourier transform, F() - eit f(t)dt , (7
Physics 214 Winter 2013 The Poisson sum formula
California at Santa Cruz, University of
Physics 214 Winter 2013 The Poisson sum formula The Poisson sum formula takes on a number of di will use this version of the Poisson sum formula in solving problem 14.13 of Jackson. To prove this formula the desired result announced in eq. (1). Actually, the most common form for the Poisson sum formula
Sums in linear algebraic lambda-calculus
Díaz-Caro, Alejandro
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we define the confluent additive fragment of the linear-algebraic lambda-calculus. We also define a fine-grained type system which includes sums of types as a reflection of those in the terms. After proving the subject reduction and strong normalisation properties, we study the role of sums within the calculus by interpreting our system into System F with pairs. We show that this calculus can be interpreted as System F with an associative and commutative pair constructor, which is distributive under application.
Capacity Markets for Electricity
Creti, Anna; Fabra, Natalia
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Designing Markets for Electricity. Wiley IEEE Press. [25]in the England and Wales Electricity Market”, Power WorkingFelder (1996), “Should Electricity Markets Have a Capacity
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
Day Barrels per Idle Operating Total Calendar Day Barrels per Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Capacity Idle Operating Total Operable Refineries Number of State and PAD District...
Sum rule description of color transparency
Frankfurt, L. (National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States)); Greenberg, W.R.; Miller, G.A. (Physics Department, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)); Strikman, M. (Department of Physics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 (United States))
1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
The assumption that a small pointlike configuration does not interact with nucleons leads to a new set of sum rules that are interpreted as models of the baryon-nucleon interaction. These models are rendered semirealistic by requiring consistency with data for cross section fluctuations in proton-proton diffractive collisions.
BLEI'S INEQUALITY AND COORDINATEWISE MULTIPLE SUMMING OPERATORS
Sinnamon, Gordon J.
BLEI'S INEQUALITY AND COORDINATEWISE MULTIPLE SUMMING OPERATORS DUMITRU POPA AND GORD SINNAMON are proved. When specialized to single-function inequalities they include a pair of inequalities due to Blei and a recent extension of Blei's inequality. The first of these inequalities is applied to give explicit
Comaskey, Brian J. (Walnut Creek, CA); Scheibner, Karl F. (Tracy, CA); Ault, Earl R. (Livermore, CA)
2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
The heat capacity laser concept is extended to systems in which the heat capacity lasing media is a liquid. The laser active liquid is circulated from a reservoir (where the bulk of the media and hence waste heat resides) through a channel so configured for both optical pumping of the media for gain and for light amplification from the resulting gain.
Sahin, Cenk
2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z
In this work we compute the capacities and the pragmatic capacities of military-standard shaped-offset quadrature phase-shift keying (SOQPSK-MIL) and aeronautical telemetry SOQPSK (SOQPSK-TG). In the pragmatic approach, SOQPSK is treated as a...
Babac, Gulru, E-mail: babac@itu.edu.tr [Institute of Energy, Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul 34469 (Turkey)] [Institute of Energy, Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul 34469 (Turkey); Reese, Jason M. [School of Engineering, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JL (United Kingdom)] [School of Engineering, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JL (United Kingdom)
2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
We present a “Knudsen heat capacity” as a more appropriate and useful fluid property in micro/nanoscale gas systems than the constant pressure heat capacity. At these scales, different fluid processes come to the fore that are not normally observed at the macroscale. For thermodynamic analyses that include these Knudsen processes, using the Knudsen heat capacity can be more effective and physical. We calculate this heat capacity theoretically for non-ideal monatomic and diatomic gases, in particular, helium, nitrogen, and hydrogen. The quantum modification for para and ortho hydrogen is also considered. We numerically model the Knudsen heat capacity using molecular dynamics simulations for the considered gases, and compare these results with the theoretical ones.
Forward capacity market CONEfusion
Wilson, James F.
2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
In ISO New England and PJM it was assumed that sponsors of new capacity projects would offer them into the newly established forward centralized capacity markets at prices based on their levelized net cost of new entry, or ''Net CONE.'' But the FCCMs have not operated in the way their proponents had expected. To clear up the CONEfusion, FCCM designs should be reconsidered to adapt them to the changing circumstances and to be grounded in realistic expectations of market conduct. (author)
Data aggregation for capacity management
Lee, Yong Woo
2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z
data elements required are just g × p? + g. This is illustrated in Fig. 3. 8 Families Average UPH Subset of Attributes Family 1 |a*11?, a*12?, ?, a*1p?| Family k Family g ... 1u |a*k1?, a*k2?, ?, a*kp?| |a*g1?, a*g2?, ?, a*gp?| ku gu ... Fig... (nk× 1) Ak: attribute matrix of family k (nk× p) T: total mean corrected sum of square matrix for A (p× p) Wk: sum of square matrix for each individual Ak (p× p) W: within-group sum of squares matrix (p× p) 28 B: between-group sum...
Sum-Rate Optimal Power Policies for Energy Harvesting Transmitters in an Interference Channel
Tutuncuoglu, Kaya
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper considers a two-user Gaussian interference channel with energy harvesting transmitters. Different than conventional battery powered wireless nodes, energy harvesting transmitters have to adapt transmission to availability of energy at a particular instant. In this setting, the optimal power allocation problem to maximize sum throughput within a given deadline is formulated. The convergence of the proposed iterative coordinate descent method for the problem is proved and the short-term throughput maximizing offline power allocation policy is found. Examples for interference regions with known sum capacities are given with directional water-filling interpretations when possible. Next, stochastic data arrivals are addressed. Finally online and/or distributed near-optimal policies are proposed. Performance of the proposed algorithms are demonstrated through simulations.
EA-1611: Colorado Highlands Wind Project, Logan County, Colorado...
Wind Project to Western's transmission system. The EA analyzed a proposal for 60 wind turbine generators with a total output nameplate capacity of 90 megawatts (MW)....
2010 Wind Technologies Market Report
Wiser, Ryan
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
forward gas market. 2010 Wind Technologies Market Report 4.Market Report Entered queue in 2010 Total in queue at end of 2010 Nameplate Capacity (GW) Wind Natural Gas
Mass Market Demand Response and Variable Generation Integration Issues: A Scoping Study
Cappers, Peter
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
be large particularly for solar plants with tracking. Thesolar are estimated be 90% of the nameplate capacity in the Mohave Desert for single axis tracking
Dual capacity reciprocating compressor
Wolfe, R.W.
1984-10-30T23:59:59.000Z
A multi-cylinder compressor particularly useful in connection with northern climate heat pumps and in which different capacities are available in accordance with reversing motor rotation is provided with an eccentric cam on a crank pin under a fraction of the connecting rods, and arranged for rotation upon the crank pin between opposite positions 180[degree] apart so that with cam rotation on the crank pin such that the crank throw is at its normal maximum value all pistons pump at full capacity, and with rotation of the crank shaft in the opposite direction the cam moves to a circumferential position on the crank pin such that the overall crank throw is zero. Pistons whose connecting rods ride on a crank pin without a cam pump their normal rate with either crank rotational direction. Thus a small clearance volume is provided for any piston that moves when in either capacity mode of operation. 6 figs.
Dual capacity reciprocating compressor
Wolfe, Robert W. (Wilkinsburg, PA)
1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A multi-cylinder compressor 10 particularly useful in connection with northern climate heat pumps and in which different capacities are available in accordance with reversing motor 16 rotation is provided with an eccentric cam 38 on a crank pin 34 under a fraction of the connecting rods, and arranged for rotation upon the crank pin between opposite positions 180.degree. apart so that with cam rotation on the crank pin such that the crank throw is at its normal maximum value all pistons pump at full capacity, and with rotation of the crank shaft in the opposite direction the cam moves to a circumferential position on the crank pin such that the overall crank throw is zero. Pistons 24 whose connecting rods 30 ride on a crank pin 36 without a cam pump their normal rate with either crank rotational direction. Thus a small clearance volume is provided for any piston that moves when in either capacity mode of operation.
Geothermal Plant Capacity Factors
Greg Mines; Jay Nathwani; Christopher Richard; Hillary Hanson; Rachel Wood
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The capacity factors recently provided by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) indicated this plant performance metric had declined for geothermal power plants since 2008. Though capacity factor is a term commonly used by geothermal stakeholders to express the ability of a plant to produce power, it is a term frequently misunderstood and in some instances incorrectly used. In this paper we discuss how this capacity factor is defined and utilized by the EIA, including discussion on the information that the EIA requests from operations in their 923 and 860 forms that are submitted both monthly and annually by geothermal operators. A discussion is also provided regarding the entities utilizing the information in the EIA reports, and how those entities can misinterpret the data being supplied by the operators. The intent of the paper is to inform the facility operators as the importance of the accuracy of the data that they provide, and the implications of not providing the correct information.
Trapped Capacity: Scheduling under a Power Cap to Maximize Machine-Room Throughput
Pakin, Scott
in the machine room and thereby increase system throughput. Our goal is not to reduce energy or power consumption power and energy in machine rooms. In practice the power for machine rooms is well over-provisioned, specified by high energy LINPACK runs or nameplate power estimates. This results in a considerable amount
Graeme Smith
2010-07-16T23:59:59.000Z
A quantum communication channel can be put to many uses: it can transmit classical information, private classical information, or quantum information. It can be used alone, with shared entanglement, or together with other channels. For each of these settings there is a capacity that quantifies a channel's potential for communication. In this short review, I summarize what is known about the various capacities of a quantum channel, including a discussion of the relevant additivity questions. I also give some indication of potentially interesting directions for future research.
Reuter, Martin
of Ecuador took place this past sum producers, building capacity for the organization. Pictured are cocoa a lightweight and portable solar energy device for cooking, heating, and electricity generation won 500 or carry cement-based solar cookers, this is very good news. SolSource was a 2008 IDEAS Competition winner
On irrationality and transcendency of infinite sums of rational numbers
Tijdeman, Robert
On irrationality and transcendency of infinite sums of rational numbers R. Tijdeman Abstract the irrationality and transcendency of sums n=1 nf(n) where Q, f(x) Q(x) such that f(n) is defined for all(n) where P(x), Q(x) Z[x]. We give conditions under which such a sum is irrational and under which
Sum rules for polarization-dependent x-ray absorption
Ankudinov, A.; Rehr, J.J. (Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States))
1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A complete set of sum rules is obtained for polarization-dependent x-ray-absorption fine structure and x-ray circular magnetic dichroism (CMD), analogous to those for CMD derived by Thole [ital et] [ital al]. These sum rules relate x-ray-absorption coefficients to the ground-state expectation values of various operators. Problems with applying these sum rules are discussed.
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318 706Production%3.PDF Table 13. Crude Oil Supply,William49,778.2Data26,837Refinery Capacity
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageSummary" ,"Click worksheet,167,371 6,826,192InputPrice (Percent) YearThousand2009 2010Capacity Report June
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageSummary" ,"Click worksheet,167,371 6,826,192InputPrice (Percent) YearThousand2009 2010Capacity Report June5
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageSummary" ,"Click worksheet,167,371 6,826,192InputPrice (Percent) YearThousand2009 2010Capacity Report
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageSummary" ,"Click worksheet,167,371 6,826,192InputPrice (Percent) YearThousand2009 2010Capacity Report
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageSummary" ,"Click worksheet,167,371 6,826,192InputPrice (Percent) YearThousand2009 2010Capacity ReportFormer
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageSummary" ,"Click worksheet,167,371 6,826,192InputPrice (Percent) YearThousand2009 2010Capacity ReportFormerof
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageSummary" ,"Click worksheet,167,371 6,826,192InputPrice (Percent) YearThousand2009 2010Capacity
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageSummary" ,"Click worksheet,167,371 6,826,192InputPrice (Percent) YearThousand2009 2010CapacityVacuum
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article) |govInstrumentsmfrirtA Journey InsideMicroBooNE LArTPC Sarah Lockwitz, FNAL 2013OctoberTopoTransForumCapacity-Forum Sign In
On Sum--Connectivity Index of Bicyclic Graphs
Du, Zhibin
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We determine the minimum sum--connectivity index of bicyclic graphs with $n$ vertices and matching number $m$, where $2\\le m\\le \\lfloor\\frac{n}{2}\\rfloor$, the minimum and the second minimum, as well as the maximum and the second maximum sum--connectivity indices of bicyclic graphs with $n\\ge 5$ vertices. The extremal graphs are characterized.
Gauss Optics and Gauss Sum on an Optical Phenomena
Shigeki Matsutani
2008-07-12T23:59:59.000Z
In the previous article (Found Phys. Lett. {\\bf{16}} 325-341), we showed that a reciprocity of the Gauss sums is connected with the wave and particle complementary. In this article, we revise the previous investigation by considering a relation between the Gauss optics and the Gauss sum based upon the recent studies of the Weil representation for a finite group.
Perturbative Check of the Action and Energy Lattice Sum Rules
B. Feuerbacher
2003-09-04T23:59:59.000Z
Lattice sum rules are checked using lattice perturbation theory. The action sum rule gives a relation between the quark-antiquark potential, its logarithmic derivative with respect to distance and the expectation value of the action; the energy sum rule expresses the potential as the sum of the energy in the gluon fields and of an anomalous term. Two different independent calculations of the quark-antiquark potential are presented, and the transversality of the gluonic vacuum polarization on the lattice is proven. The crucial part of the action sum rule is an identity whose explicit check using perturbation theory provides methods and results which are useful for checking the energy sum rule. Additionally, the gauge invariance of the expectation value of the Wilson loop up to next-to-leading order is proven. The possibility of restricting the expectation value of the action to one fixed time slice is discussed. The energy sum rule is checked perturbatively up to next-to-leading order and shown to be satisfied with good numerical accuracy. The various contributions to the quark-antiquark potential are analyzed, and the restriction of the expectation value of the sum over all spatial plaquettes (the energy in the magnetic fields) to one fixed time slice is examined.
Sum Rules and Cutoff Effects in Wilson Lattice QCD
Harvey B. Meyer
2006-09-06T23:59:59.000Z
We use the transfer matrix formalism to derive non-perturbative sum rules in Wilson's lattice QCD with N_f flavours of quarks. The discretization errors on these identities are treated in detail. As an application, it is shown how the sum rules can be exploited to give improved estimates of the continuum spectrum and static potential.
MISO Capacity with Per-Antenna Power Constraint
Vu, Mai
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We establish in closed-form the capacity and the optimal signaling scheme for a MISO channel with per-antenna power constraint. Two cases of channel state information are considered: constant channel known at both the transmitter and receiver, and Rayleigh fading channel known only at the receiver. For the first case, the optimal signaling scheme is beamforming with the phases of the beam weights matched to the phases of the channel coefficients, but the amplitudes independent of the channel coefficients and dependent only on the constrained powers. For the second case, the optimal scheme is to send independent signals from the antennas with the constrained powers. In both cases, the capacity with per-antenna power constraint is usually less than that with sum power constraint.
Third-frequency-moment sum rule for electronic multilayers
Lu, Dexin [Department for Intensive Instruction, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, People's Republic of China (China)] [Department for Intensive Instruction, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, People's Republic of China (China); Golden, Kenneth I. [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Department of Physics, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05401-1455 (United States)] [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Department of Physics, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05401-1455 (United States)
2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The authors establish the third-frequency-moment sum rules for the density-density response matrix of electronic multilayer structures modeled as an array of N parallel two-dimensional (2D) electron-plasma monolayers. Layer densities and spacings between adjacent layers need not be equal. Contact is made with previously established sum rules for the isolated 2D electron liquid and type-1 infinite superlattices. The case of the equal-density bilayer is considered and its third frequency-moment-sum-rules for the in-phase and out-of-phase inverse dielectric functions are formulated. (c) 2000 The American Physical Society.
An Efficient Global Optimization Algorithm for Nonlinear Sum-of ...
2012-08-08T23:59:59.000Z
to nonlinear sum-of-ratios problem arising in image processing, engineering and ... 2010 Mathematics subject Classification: 90C26, 90C32, 65K05 ... optimization of the average element shape quality in the finite element method, computer.
A California generation capacity market
Conkling, R.L.
1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
California, overconfident with its new Power Exchange spot market, seems unaware that it could be afflicted by the same turmoil that bludgeoned the Midwest in June. An electricity capacity market should be put in place before crisis strikes. This article outlines a framework for adding an electricity capacity market in California. The new market would not create a new bureaucracy but would function within the state`s now operational PX and independent system operator (ISO) mechanisms. It would be an open market, in which capacity would be traded transparently, with freedom of entree for all willing sellers and all willing buyers.
A Bayesian analysis of the nucleon QCD sum rules
Keisuke Ohtani; Philipp Gubler; Makoto Oka
2011-10-03T23:59:59.000Z
QCD sum rules of the nucleon channel are reanalyzed, using the maximum entropy method (MEM). This new approach, based on the Bayesian probability theory, does not restrict the spectral function to the usual "pole + continuum"-form, allowing a more flexible investigation of the nucleon spectral function. Making use of this flexibility, we are able to investigate the spectral functions of various interpolating fields, finding that the nucleon ground state mainly couples to an operator containing a scalar diquark. Moreover, we formulate the Gaussian sum rule for the nucleon channel and find that it is more suitable for the MEM analysis to extract the nucleon pole in the region of its experimental value, while the Borel sum rule does not contain enough information to clearly separate the nucleon pole from the continuum.
Heavy hybrid mesons in the QCD sum rule
Peng-Zhi Huang; Shi-Lin Zhu
2015-01-13T23:59:59.000Z
We study the spectra of the hybrid mesons containing one heavy quark ($q\\bar{Q}g$) within the framework of QCD sum rules in the heavy quark limit. The derived sum rules are stable with the variation of the Borel parameter within their corresponding working ranges. The extracted binding energy for the heavy hybrid doublets $H^h(S^h)$ and $M^h(T^h)$ is almost degenerate. We also calculate the pionic couplings between these heavy hybrid and the conventional heavy meson doublets using the light-cone QCD sum rule method. The extracted coupling constants are rather small as a whole. With these couplings we make a rough estimate of the partial widths of these pionic decay channels.
CAPACITY BUILDING ACTIVITIES Public Health
Hill, Wendell T.
CAPACITY BUILDING ACTIVITIES School of Public Health Dean Principal Investigator Community Advisory System Faculty & Students School of Public Health Faculty & Students Prince George's County Washington, D.C. Community Members Practitioners, Residents and Public Health Professionals Research Projects Forum (CAC
Testing solar lepton mixing sum rules in neutrino oscillation experiments
Ballett, Peter; Luhn, Christoph; Pascoli, Silvia; Schmidt, Michael A
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Small discrete family symmetries such as S4, A4 or A5 may lead to simple leading-order predictions for the neutrino mixing matrix such as the bimaximal, tribimaximal or golden ratio mixing patterns, which may be brought into agreement with experimental data with the help of corrections from the charged-lepton sector. Such scenarios generally lead to relations among the parameters of the physical leptonic mixing matrix known as solar lepton mixing sum rules. In this article, we present a simple derivation of such solar sum rules, valid for arbitrary neutrino and charged lepton mixing angles and phases, assuming only {\\theta}13^{\
Finite Temperature Sum Rules in Lattice Gauge Theory
Harvey B. Meyer
2007-11-05T23:59:59.000Z
We derive non-perturbative sum rules in SU($N$) lattice gauge theory at finite temperature. They relate the susceptibilities of the trace anomaly and energy-momentum tensor to temperature derivatives of the thermodynamic potentials. Two of them have been derived previously in the continuum and one is new. In all cases, at finite latttice spacing there are important corrections to the continuum sum rules that are only suppressed by the bare coupling $g_0^2$. We also show how the discretization errors affecting the thermodynamic potentials can be controlled by computing these susceptibilities.
Finite Energy Sum Rules with Legendre Polynomial Kernels
J. Bordes; J. A. Peñarrocha
2015-09-05T23:59:59.000Z
In this note we report about a method to deal with finite energy sum rules. With a reasonable knowledge of the main resonances of the spectrum, the method guarantees that we can find a nice duality matching between the low energy hadronic data and asymptotic QCD at high energies.
Computing Partial Eigenvalue Sum in Electronic Structure Calculations
Bai, Zhaojun
and CPU time. In the application of electronic structure calculations in molecular dynamics, the newComputing Partial Eigenvalue Sum in Electronic Structure Calculations Z. Bai M. Faheyy G. Golubz M where computation of the total energy of an electronic structure requires the evaluation of partial
Renormalisation Group Corrections to Neutrino Mass Sum Rules
Gehrlein, Julia; Spinrath, Martin
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Neutrino mass sum rules are an important class of predictions in flavour models relating the Majorana phases to the neutrino masses. This leads, for instance, to enormous restrictions on the effective mass as probed in experiments on neutrinoless double beta decay. While up to now these sum rules have in practically all cases been taken to hold exactly, we will go here beyond that. After a discussion of the types of corrections that could possibly appear and elucidating on the theory behind neutrino mass sum rules, we estimate and explicitly compute the impact of radiative corrections, as these appear in general and thus hold for whole groups of models. We discuss all neutrino mass sum rules currently present in the literature, which together have realisations in more than 50 explicit neutrino flavour models. We find that, while the effect of the renormalisation group running can be visible, the qualitative features do not change. This finding strongly backs up the solidity of the predictions derived in the l...
On Stirling numbers and Euler sums Victor Adamchik
Adamchik, Victor
On Stirling numbers and Euler sums Victor Adamchik Wolfram Research Inc., 100 Trade Center Dr of Stirling numbers of the first kind for nonÂinteger values of their arguments. We discuss the analytic representations of Stirling numbers through harmonic numbers, the generalized hyÂ pergeometric function
On Stirling numbers and Euler sums Victor Adamchik
Adamchik, Victor
On Stirling numbers and Euler sums Victor Adamchik Wolfram Research Inc., 100 Trade Center Dr of Stirling numbers of the rst kind for non-integer values of their arguments. We discuss the analytic representations of Stirling numbers through harmonic numbers, the generalized hy- pergeometric function
Finite Energy Sum Rules with Legendre Polynomial Kernels
Bordes, J
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this note we report about a method to deal with finite energy sum rules. With a reasonable knowledge of the main resonances of the spectrum, the method guarantees that we can find a nice duality matching between the low energy hadronic data and asymptotic QCD at high energies.
QCD sum rules and neutron-proton mass difference
Yang, K.; Hwang, W.P. (Department of Physics, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 10764 (Taiwan, Province of China)); Henley, E.M. (Department of Physics FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)); Kisslinger, L.S. (Department of Physics, Carnegie-Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States))
1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
We use the method of QCD sum rules to investigate the neutron-proton mass difference. We include diagrams consistently up to dimension 9, assuming different [ital up] and [ital down] current-quark masses ([ital m][sub [ital u
Simplex with Sum of Infeasibilities for SMT New York University
Barrett, Clark W.
Simplex with Sum of Infeasibilities for SMT Tim King New York University Clark Barrett Bruno reasoning within Satisfiability Modulo Theories (SMT) solvers is the Simplex for DPLL(T) algorithm given convergence on some problems. More traditional Simplex algorithms minimize a global criterion to determine
Counter-ions at single charged wall: Sum rules
Ladislav Samaj
2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
For inhomogeneous classical Coulomb fluids in thermal equilibrium, like the jellium or the two-component Coulomb gas, there exists a variety of exact sum rules which relate the particle one-body and two-body densities. The necessary condition for these sum rules is that the Coulomb fluid possesses good screening properties, i.e. the particle correlation functions or the averaged charge inhomogeneity, say close to a wall, exhibit a short-range (usually exponential) decay. In this work, we study equilibrium statistical mechanics of an electric double layer with counter-ions only, i.e. a globally neutral system of equally charged point-like particles in the vicinity of a plain hard wall carrying a fixed uniform surface charge density of opposite sign. At large distances from the wall, the one-body and two-body counter-ion densities go to zero slowly according to the inverse-power law. In spite of the absence of screening, all known sum rules are shown to hold for two exactly solvable cases of the present system: in the weak-coupling Poisson-Boltzmann limit (in any spatial dimension larger than one) and at a special free-fermion coupling constant in two dimensions. This fact indicates an extended validity of the sum rules and provides a consistency check for reasonable theoretical approaches.
Two Different Approaches to Nonzero-Sum Stochastic Differential Games
Rainer, Catherine [Departement de Mathematiques, Universite de Bretagne Occidentale, 6 avenue Victor-le-Gorgeu - CS 93837 (France)], E-mail: Catherine.Rainer@univ-brest.fr
2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
We make the link between two approaches to Nash equilibria for nonzero-sum stochastic differential games: the first one using backward stochastic differential equations and the second one using strategies with delay. We prove that, when both exist, the two notions of Nash equilibria coincide.
A Wave Analysis of the Subset Sum Problem Mark Jelasity
Jelasity, Márk
A Wave Analysis of the Subset Sum Problem M´ark Jelasity Research Group of Artificial Intelligence the wave model, a novel approach on analyzing the behavior of GAs. Our aim is to give techniques that have and effective heuristics on certain problem classes. The wave analysis is the process of building wave models
Kampung Capacity Local Solutions for
Kammen, Daniel M.
utility customers. Using a hybrid energy resource optimization framework, we explore optimal configurationKampung Capacity Local Solutions for Sustainable Rural Energy in the Baram River Basin, Sarawak Energy Laboratory (RAEL) & Energy and Resources Group and Goldman School of Public Policy Release Date
Data aggregation for capacity management
Lee, Yong Woo
2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis presents a methodology for data aggregation for capacity management. It is assumed that there are a very large number of products manufactured in a company and that every product is stored in the database with its standard unit per hour...
Kampung Capacity Local Solutions for
Kammen, Daniel M.
with a large-scale hydropower plan for the river basin. Keywords: South East Asia, Malaysia, Rural EnergyKampung Capacity Local Solutions for Sustainable Rural Energy in the Baram River Basin, Sarawak Energy Laboratory (RAEL) & Energy and Resources Group and Goldman School of Public Policy Release Date
The Continuous Time Nonzero-sum Dynkin Game and Applications.
Vermet, Franck
-sum Dunkin game and a NEP for the game is just a saddle point for the ZSDG. It satisfies: 1, 2, J1( 1, 2) J = 1, 2 is a NEP for the NZSDG. 6 #12;B. The probabilistic approach (Etourn., 86) Theorem: The processes are general and sat- isfy [H1]-[H2]. Then the NZSDG has a NEP. The proof uses the notion of Snell
Transverse quark distribution in mesons: QCD sum rule approach
Lee, S.H.; Hatsuda, T.; Miller, G.A. (Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washingtion, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States) Department of Physics, Yonsei University, Seoul 120-749 (Korea, Republic of))
1994-04-11T23:59:59.000Z
QCD sum rules are used to compute the first few moments of the mesonic quark momentum. Transverse, longitudinal, and mixed transverse-longitudinal components are examined. The transverse size of the pion is shown to be dictated by the gluon condensate, even though the mass and the longitudinal distribution are dominated by the quark condensate. The implications of our results for color transparency physics and finite temperature QCD are discussed.
Re-evaluation of the Gottfried sum using neural networks
Riccardo Abbate; Stefano Forte
2005-11-18T23:59:59.000Z
We provide a determination of the Gottfried sum from all available data, based on a neural network parametrization of the nonsinglet structure function F_2. We find S_G=0.244 +- 0.045, closer to the quark model expectation S_G=1/3 than previous results. We show that the uncertainty from the small x region is somewhat underestimated in previous determinations.
QCD sum rules for the baryon octet in nuclear matter
E. L. Kryshen
2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
The baryon self-energies are expressed in terms of the QCD condensates of the lowest dimension in symmetric and asymmetric nuclear matter within the QCD sum-rule approach. The self-energies are shown to satisfy the Gell-Mann--Okubo relations in the linear SU(3) breaking approximation. The results are in qualitative agreement with those obtained by the standard nuclear physics methods.
GENERALIZED PLUMBINGS AND MURASUGI SUMS BURAK OZBAGCI AND PATRICK POPESCU-PAMPU
Ozbagci, Burak
manifolds of arbitrary dimensions, so that in this general context Gabai's credo "the Murasugi sum the general philosophy behind such results by the credo "Murasugi sum is a natural geometric operation allows one to extend the classical operation of Murasugi sum, such that Gabai's credo still holds. Our
Study of spin sum rules (and the strong coupling constant at large distances)
A. Deur
2009-07-20T23:59:59.000Z
We present recent results from Jefferson Lab on sum rules related to the spin structure of the nucleon. We then discuss how the Bjorken sum rule, with its connection to the Gerasimov-Drell-Hearn sum, allows us to conveniently define an effective coupling for the strong force at all distances.
High capacity immobilized amine sorbents
Gray, McMahan L. (Pittsburgh, PA); Champagne, Kenneth J. (Fredericktown, PA); Soong, Yee (Monroeville, PA); Filburn, Thomas (Granby, CT)
2007-10-30T23:59:59.000Z
A method is provided for making low-cost CO.sub.2 sorbents that can be used in large-scale gas-solid processes. The improved method entails treating an amine to increase the number of secondary amine groups and impregnating the amine in a porous solid support. The method increases the CO.sub.2 capture capacity and decreases the cost of utilizing an amine-enriched solid sorbent in CO.sub.2 capture systems.
Analysis of Plug Load Capacities and Power Requirements in Commercial Buildings: Preprint
Sheppy, M.; Torcellini, P.; Gentile-Polese, L.
2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
Plug and process load power requirements are frequently overestimated because designers often use estimates based on 'nameplate' data, or design assumptions are high because information is not available. This generally results in oversized heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning systems; increased initial construction costs; and increased energy use caused by inefficiencies at low, part-load operation. Rightsizing of chillers in two buildings reduced whole-building energy use by 3%-4%. If an integrated design approach could enable 3% whole-building energy savings in all U.S. office buildings stock, it could save 34 TBtu of site energy per year.
Justifying the naive partonic sum rule for proton spin
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Ji, Xiangdong; Zhang, Jian-Hui; Zhao, Yong
2015-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
We provide a theoretical basis for understanding the spin structure of the proton in terms of the spin and orbital angular momenta of free quarks and gluons in Feynman’s parton picture. We show that each term in the Jaffe–Manohar spin sum rule can be related to the matrix element of a gauge-invariant, but frame-dependent operator through a matching formula in large-momentum effective field theory. We present all the matching conditions for the spin content at one-loop order in perturbation theory, which provide a basis to calculate parton orbital angular momentum in lattice QCD at leading logarithmic accuracy.
Is the Coulomb sum rule violated in nuclei?
J. Morgenstern; Z. E. Meziani
2001-06-26T23:59:59.000Z
Guided by the experimental confirmation of the validity of the Effective Momentum Approximation (EMA) in quasi-elastic scattering off nuclei, we have re-examined the extraction of the longitudinal and transverse response functions in medium-weight and heavy nuclei. In the EMA we have performed a Rosenbluth separation of the available world data on $^{40}$Ca, $^{48}$Ca, $^{56}$Fe, $^{197}$Au, $^{208}$Pb and $^{238}$U. We find that the longitudinal response function for these nuclei is "quenched" and that the Coulomb sum is not saturated, at odds with claims in the literature.
Justifying the Naive Partonic Sum Rule for Proton Spin
Xiangdong Ji; Jian-Hui Zhang; Yong Zhao
2015-03-11T23:59:59.000Z
We provide a theoretical basis for understanding the spin structure of the proton in terms of the spin and orbital angular momenta of free quarks and gluons in Feynman's parton picture. We show that each term in the Jaffe-Manohar spin sum rule can be related to the matrix element of a gauge-invariant, but frame-dependent operator through a matching formula in large-momentum effective field theory. We present all the matching conditions for the spin content at one-loop order in perturbation theory, which provide a basis to calculate parton orbital angular momentum in lattice QCD at leading logarithmic accuracy.
Capacity Factor Risk At Nuclear Power Plants
Du, Yangbo
We develop a model of the dynamic structure of capacity factor risk. It incorporates the risk that the capacity factor may vary widely from year-to-year, and also the risk that the reactor may be permanently shutdown prior ...
Capacity expansion in contemporary telecommunication networks
Sivaraman, Raghavendran
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study three capacity expansion problems in contemporary long distance telecommunication networks. The first two problems, motivated by a major long distance provider, address capacity expansion in national hybrid long ...
Neural substrates of cognitive capacity limitations
Buschman, Tim
Cognition has a severely limited capacity: Adult humans can retain only about four items “in mind”. This limitation is fundamental to human brain function: Individual capacity is highly correlated with intelligence measures ...
Voluntary Initiative: Partnering to Enhance Program Capacity...
Partnering to Enhance Program Capacity Better Buildings Residential Network Program Sustainability Peer Exchange Call Series: Voluntary Initiative: Partnering to Enhance...
Direct Sum Theorem for Bounded Round Quantum Communication Complexity
Dave Touchette
2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z
We prove a direct sum theorem for bounded round entanglement-assisted quantum communication complexity. To do so, we use the fully quantum definition for information cost and complexity that we recently introduced, and use both the fact that information is a lower bound on the communication, and the fact that a direct sum property holds for quantum information complexity. We then give a protocol for compressing a single copy of a protocol down to its quantum information cost, up to terms depending on the number of rounds and the allowed increase in error. Two important tools to derive this protocol are a smooth conditional min-entropy bound for a one-shot quantum state redistribution protocol, and the quantum substate theorem of Jain, Radhakrishnan and Sen (FOCS'02) to transform this bound into a von Neumann conditional entropy bound. This result further establishes the newly introduced notions of quantum information cost and complexity as the correct quantum generalisations of the classical ones in the standard communication complexity setting. Finding such a quantum generalization of information complexity was one of the open problem recently raised by Braverman (STOC'12).
Sum-Frequency Generation from Chiral Media and Interfaces
Ji, Na
2006-02-13T23:59:59.000Z
Sum frequency generation (SFG), a second-order nonlinear optical process, is electric-dipole forbidden in systems with inversion symmetry. As a result, it has been used to study chiral media and interfaces, systems intrinsically lacking inversion symmetry. This thesis describes recent progresses in the applications of and new insights into SFG from chiral media and interfaces. SFG from solutions of chiral amino acids is investigated, and a theoretical model explaining the origin and the strength of the chiral signal in electronic-resonance SFG spectroscopy is discussed. An interference scheme that allows us to distinguish enantiomers by measuring both the magnitude and the phase of the chiral SFG response is described, as well as a chiral SFG microscope producing chirality-sensitive images with sub-micron resolution. Exploiting atomic and molecular parity nonconservation, the SFG process is also used to solve the Ozma problems. Sum frequency vibrational spectroscopy is used to obtain the adsorption behavior of leucine molecules at air-water interfaces. With poly(tetrafluoroethylene) as a model system, we extend the application of this surface-sensitive vibrational spectroscopy to fluorine-containing polymers.
Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
purposes of these regulations, CO2 budget units are defined as units that serve an electricity generator with nameplate capacity greater than or equal to 25 MWe. The regulations...
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Any source that serves an electricity generator with a nameplate capacity equal to or greater than 25 MWe is considered a CO2 budget source for the purpose of these regulations. This section lists...
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
For the purposes of these regulations, CO2 budget units are defined as units that serve an electricity generator with nameplate capacity greater than or equal to 25 MWe. The regulations describe...
SaskPower Net Metering (Saskatchewan, Canada)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Residents, farms and businesses with approved Environmental Preferred Technologies of up to 100 kilowatts (kW) of nominal (nameplate) generating capacity can deliver their excess electricity to our...
Bitar, Eilyan Yamen
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
nameplate capacity of the wind farms. Source: BPA, 2008 (b)market participation of wind farms: the success story of the0, W i ] produced at wind farm i is modeled as a scalar
Abatement of Air Pollution: Control of Sulfur Dioxide Emissions...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
apply to fossil-fuel fired stationary sources which serve a generator with a nameplate capacity of 15 MW or more, or fossil-fuel fired boilers or indirect heat exchangers with a...
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
These regulations apply to fossil-fuel fired stationary sources which serve a generator with a nameplate capacity of 15 MW or more, or fossil-fuel fired boilers or indirect heat exchangers with a...
Mills, Andrew
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
for parabolic trough solar power plants. Energy, 29(5-6):of concentrating solar power plants: A case study of thesolar field relative to the nameplate capacity of the solar plant power
Property Tax Exemption for Wind Energy Generation Facilities (Nebraska)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
[http://nebraskalegislature.gov/FloorDocs/101/PDF/Slip/LB1048.pdf Nebraska Legislative Bill 1048 (LB1048)] created a nameplate capacity tax that replaced the Nebraska Department of Revenue's...
DWEA Webinar: IRS Guidance for Small Wind Turbines
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The U.S. Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has issued Notice 2015-4 providing new performance and quality standards of small wind turbines – defined as having a nameplate capacity of up to 100 kW – in...
Air Pollution Control Regulations: No. 46 and 47 - CO2 Budget...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
Manafement For the purposes of these regulations, CO2 budget units are defined as units that serve an electricity generator with nameplate capacity greater than or equal to 25 MWe....
2011 Wind Technologies Market Report
Bolinger, Mark
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Technologies Market Report Wind Gas Coal Other Renewablethe forward gas market. 2011 Wind Technologies Market ReportMarket Report Nameplate Capacity (GW) Entered queue in 2011 Total in queue at end of 2011 Wind Natural Gas
Mills, Andrew
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
field using SAM. The solar plant is then dispatched withinto the nameplate capacity of the solar plant power block) isfor parabolic trough solar power plants. Energy, 29(5-6):
On the Equivalence of Linear Programming Problems and Zero-Sum ...
Ilan Adler
2010-06-18T23:59:59.000Z
Jun 18, 2010 ... Abstract: In 1951, Dantzig showed the equivalence of linear programming and two-person zero-sum games. However, in the description of his ...
Solar Energy and Capacity Value (Fact Sheet)
Not Available
2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
This is a one-page, two-sided fact sheet on the capacity of solar power to provide value to utilities and power system operators.
Electrochemically Induced High Capacity Displacement Reaction...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
Electrochemically Induced High Capacity Displacement Reaction of PEOMoS2Graphene Nanocomposites with Lithium Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Electrochemically Induced...
Increasing the Capacity of Existing Power Lines
None
2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
The capacity of the grid has been largely unchanged for decades and needs to expand to accommodate new power plants and renewable energy projects.
Worldwide Energy Efficiency Action through Capacity Building...
Capacity Building and Training (WEACT) AgencyCompany Organization National Renewable Energy Laboratory, The International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation Sector...
Increasing water holding capacity for irrigation
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Increasing water holding capacity for irrigation Reseachers recommend solutions for sediment trapping in irrigation system LANL and SNL leveraged technical expertise to determine...
North Dakota Refining Capacity Study
Dennis Hill; Kurt Swenson; Carl Tuura; Jim Simon; Robert Vermette; Gilberto Marcha; Steve Kelly; David Wells; Ed Palmer; Kuo Yu; Tram Nguyen; Juliam Migliavacca
2011-01-05T23:59:59.000Z
According to a 2008 report issued by the United States Geological Survey, North Dakota and Montana have an estimated 3.0 to 4.3 billion barrels of undiscovered, technically recoverable oil in an area known as the Bakken Formation. With the size and remoteness of the discovery, the question became 'can a business case be made for increasing refining capacity in North Dakota?' And, if so what is the impact to existing players in the region. To answer the question, a study committee comprised of leaders in the region's petroleum industry were brought together to define the scope of the study, hire a consulting firm and oversee the study. The study committee met frequently to provide input on the findings and modify the course of the study, as needed. The study concluded that the Petroleum Area Defense District II (PADD II) has an oversupply of gasoline. With that in mind, a niche market, naphtha, was identified. Naphtha is used as a diluent used for pipelining the bitumen (heavy crude) from Canada to crude markets. The study predicted there will continue to be an increase in the demand for naphtha through 2030. The study estimated the optimal configuration for the refinery at 34,000 barrels per day (BPD) producing 15,000 BPD of naphtha and a 52 percent refinery charge for jet and diesel yield. The financial modeling assumed the sponsor of a refinery would invest its own capital to pay for construction costs. With this assumption, the internal rate of return is 9.2 percent which is not sufficient to attract traditional investment given the risk factor of the project. With that in mind, those interested in pursuing this niche market will need to identify incentives to improve the rate of return.
Uniqueness of Gibbs Measures with Applications to Gibbs Sampling and the Sum-Product Algorithm
Tatikonda, Sekhar
Abstract Uniqueness of Gibbs Measures with Applications to Gibbs Sampling and the Sum-Product observations from finite Gibbs measures; the Sum-Product algorithm iteratively computes marginals of finite Algorithm Stephan Norbert Winkler 2007 In this thesis we examine the problem of uniqueness of Gibbs measures
A PECULIARITY OF THE WILCOXON-MANN-WHITNEY RANK-SUM TEST
A PECULIARITY OF THE WILCOXON-MANN-WHITNEY RANK-SUM TEST Scotia Canada B3H 3C3 Keywords: intransitivity, rank-sum test, Behrens-Mann-Whitney test is a test of relative location whenever the two distributions are symmetric. By con- trast
Sum rules for inhomogeneous Coulomb fluids, and ideal conductor boundary conditions
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
of particles interacting through Coulomb's law plus some short-range interaction (a hard core repulsion389 Sum rules for inhomogeneous Coulomb fluids, and ideal conductor boundary conditions B of an inhomogeneous Coulomb fluid is shown to obey a sum rule involving electrical multipole moments of arbitrary
Surface Studies of Aqueous Methanol Solutions by Vibrational Broad Bandwidth Sum Frequency methanol (CH3OH) and aqueous methanol solutions were investigated using broad bandwidth sum frequency of methanol molecules at the air-liquid interfaces of neat methanol and aqueous methanol solutions. However
Mitochondrial Respiratory Capacity Is a Critical Regulator
respiratory capacity (SRC). SRC is the extra capacity available in cells to produce energy in response. In response to antigen (Ag) and costimulation, CD8+ T cells undergo a developmental program characterized- ating in response to Ag, it is thought that quiescent T cells (e.g., naive and memory T cells), like
REDUCTION CAPACITY OF SALTSTONE AND SALTSTONE COMPONENTS
Roberts, K.; Kaplan, D.
2009-11-30T23:59:59.000Z
The duration that saltstone retains its ability to immobilize some key radionuclides, such as technetium (Tc), plutonium (Pu), and neptunium (Np), depends on its capacity to maintain a low redox status (or low oxidation state). The reduction capacity is a measure of the mass of reductants present in the saltstone; the reductants are the active ingredients that immobilize Tc, Pu, and Np. Once reductants are exhausted, the saltstone loses its ability to immobilize these radionuclides. The reduction capacity values reported here are based on the Ce(IV)/Fe(II) system. The Portland cement (198 {micro}eq/g) and especially the fly ash (299 {micro}eq/g) had a measurable amount of reduction capacity, but the blast furnace slag (820 {micro}eq/g) not surprisingly accounted for most of the reduction capacity. The blast furnace slag contains ferrous iron and sulfides which are strong reducing and precipitating species for a large number of solids. Three saltstone samples containing 45% slag or one sample containing 90% slag had essentially the same reduction capacity as pure slag. There appears to be some critical concentration between 10% and 45% slag in the Saltstone formulation that is needed to create the maximum reduction capacity. Values from this work supported those previously reported, namely that the reduction capacity of SRS saltstone is about 820 {micro}eq/g; this value is recommended for estimating the longevity that the Saltstone Disposal Facility will retain its ability to immobilize radionuclides.
Managing Capacity For Telecommunications Networks Under Uncertainty
Forsyth, Peter A.
the underlying risk factor in the bandwidth market, and then apply real options theory to the upgrade decision, this real options approach has not been used pre- viously in the area of network capacity planning--uncertain demand for capacity, real options, net- work planning I. INTRODUCTION In the past, bandwidth was traded
QCD sum rule determination of the charm-quark mass
Bodenstein, S. [Centre for Theoretical and Mathematical Physics, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch 7700 (South Africa); Bordes, J.; Penarrocha, J. [Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Universitat de Valencia, and Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular, Centro Mixto Universitat de Valencia-CSIC (Spain); Dominguez, C. A. [Centre for Theoretical and Mathematical Physics, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch 7700 (South Africa); Department of Physics, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch 7600 (South Africa); Schilcher, K. [Institut fuer Physik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Staudingerweg 7, D-55099 Mainz (Germany)
2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
QCD sum rules involving mixed inverse moment integration kernels are used in order to determine the running charm-quark mass in the MS scheme. Both the high and the low energy expansion of the vector current correlator are involved in this determination. The optimal integration kernel turns out to be of the form p(s)=1-(s{sub 0}/s){sup 2}, where s{sub 0} is the onset of perturbative QCD. This kernel enhances the contribution of the well known narrow resonances, and reduces the impact of the data in the range s{approx_equal}20-25 GeV{sup 2}. This feature leads to a substantial reduction in the sensitivity of the results to changes in s{sub 0}, as well as to a much reduced impact of the experimental uncertainties in the higher resonance region. The value obtained for the charm-quark mass in the MS scheme at a scale of 3 GeV is m{sub c}(3 GeV)=987{+-}9 MeV, where the error includes all sources of uncertainties added in quadrature.
Complex-energy approach to sum rules within nuclear density functional theory
Nobuo Hinohara; Markus Kortelainen; Witold Nazarewicz; Erik Olsen
2015-01-28T23:59:59.000Z
The linear response of the nucleus to an external field contains unique information about the effective interaction, correlations, and properties of its excited states. To characterize the response, it is useful to use its energy-weighted moments, or sum rules. By comparing computed sum rules with experimental values, the information content of the response can be utilized in the optimization process of the nuclear Hamiltonian or EDF. But the additional information comes at a price: compared to the ground state, computation of excited states is more demanding. To establish an efficient framework to compute sum rules of the response that is adaptable to the optimization of the nuclear EDF and large-scale surveys of collective strength, we have developed a new technique within the complex-energy FAM based on the QRPA. To compute sum rules, we carry out contour integration of the response function in the complex-energy plane. We benchmark our results against the conventional matrix formulation of the QRPA theory, the Thouless theorem for the energy-weighted sum rule, and the dielectric theorem for the inverse energy-weighted sum rule. We demonstrate that calculated sum-rule values agree with those obtained from the matrix formulation of the QRPA. We also discuss the applicability of both the Thouless theorem about the energy-weighted sum rule and the dielectric theorem for the inverse energy-weighted sum rule to nuclear density functional theory in cases when the EDF is not based on a Hamiltonian. The proposed sum-rule technique based on the complex-energy FAM is a tool of choice when optimizing effective interactions or energy functionals. The method is very efficient and well-adaptable to parallel computing. The FAM formulation is especially useful when standard theorems based on commutation relations involving the nuclear Hamiltonian and external field cannot be used.
Representation of the Solar Capacity Value in the ReEDS Capacity Expansion Model: Preprint
Sigrin, B.; Sullivan, P.; Ibanez, E.; Margolis, R.
2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
An important emerging issue is the estimation of renewables' contributions to reliably meeting system demand, or their capacity value. While the capacity value of thermal generation can be estimated easily, assessment of wind and solar requires a more nuanced approach due to resource variability. Reliability-based methods, particularly, effective load-carrying capacity (ELCC), are considered to be the most robust techniques for addressing this resource variability. The Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) capacity expansion model and other long-term electricity capacity planning models require an approach to estimating CV for generalized PV and system configurations with low computational and data requirements. In this paper we validate treatment of solar photovoltaic (PV) capacity value by ReEDS capacity expansion model by comparing model results to literature for a range of energy penetration levels. Results from the ReEDS model are found to compare well with both comparisons--despite not being resolved at an hourly scale.
Extending the response of the sum coincidence spectrometer to multiple gamma radiation cascades
Helton, Victor Dean
1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
tubes, and cathode followers, respectively. D. D. Sum represents the differ- ential discriminator of the sum energies. Rl and R2 are resistors and RVI is a potentiometer Consider first a gamma-radiation cascade in which two gamma rays are coincident.... Setting the differential discriminator on the sum of the two gamma-ray energies allows the analyzer to be gated only when the full energy of both gamma rays is absorbed in the detectors. The analyzer may be gated by the absorption of the full energies...
Spin Sum Rules and the Strong Coupling Constant at large distance
A. Deur
2009-06-23T23:59:59.000Z
We present recent results on the Bjorken and the generalized forward spin polarizability sum rules from Jefferson Lab Hall A and CLAS experiments, focusing on the low $Q^2$ part of the measurements. We then discuss the comparison of these results with Chiral Perturbation theory calculations. In the second part of this paper, we show how the Bjorken sum rule with its connection to the Gerasimov-Drell-Hearn sum, allows us to conveniently define an effective coupling for the strong force at all distances.
Capacity Building Project with Howard University
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The purpose of this initiative is to build community capacity for public participation in environmental and energy decision making. The target communities are those impacted by U.S. Department of...
Tripling the capacity of wireless communications using
channels of electric-®eld polarization for wireless communication. In order to make our statements more................................................................. Tripling the capacity of wireless .............................................................................................................................................. Wireless communications are a fundamental part of modern information infrastructure. But wireless bandwidth
National Decentralized Water Resources Capacity Development Project
Gold, Art
National Decentralized Water Resources Capacity Development Project Mapping Onsite Treatment Needs Onsite Treatment Needs, Pollution Risks, and Management Options Using GIS Submitted by the University. Wastewater Planning Handbook: Mapping Onsite Treatment Needs, Pollution Risks, and Management Options Using
Inventories and capacity utilization in general equilibrium
Trupkin, Danilo Rogelio
2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
The primary goal of this dissertation is to gain a better understanding, in thecontext of a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium framework, of the role of inventories and capacity utilization (of both capital and labor) and, in particular...
World crude capacity, conversion capability inch upward
Rhodes, A.K.
1994-12-19T23:59:59.000Z
Reported world crude capacity increased almost 1 million b/d, while conversion processes--fluid catalytic cracking (FCC), hydrocracking, coking--increased more than 1.7 million b/d or 8.3%, according to the Journal's most recent survey of world refining capacity. As a measure of capacity growth in the past year, changes in distillation capacities (atmospheric plus vacuum) were calculated for three major refining regions. The year-to-year comparison indicates: for the US, an increase of 293,000 b/d, or 1.3%; for the European Economic Community (E.E.C.), an increase of 431,000 b/d, or 2.6%; and for Asia/Pacific, excluding China, an increase of 122,000 b/d, or 1.1%. In addition to the compiled data the paper describes the survey layout, regional changes, conversion units, hydroprocessing, company size, oxygenates, and construction.
Maximizing Sum Rate and Minimizing MSE on Multiuser Downlink: Optimality, Fast Algorithms
Chiang, Mung
-Input-Single-Output (MISO) channel, where the transmitter (at the base station) is equipped with an antenna array and each, e.g., increasing the total throughput (sum rates) or the total reliability in the system. Joint
A Note on the Use of Sum in the Logic of Proofs Roman Kuznets
Jäger, Gerhard
A Note on the Use of Sum in the Logic of Proofs Roman Kuznets Institut f¨ur Informatik und angewandte Mathematik Universit¨at Bern Neubr¨uckstrasse 10, 3012 Bern, Switzerland kuznets
Windblow by lump sum online (England and Wales) November 2009 THE FORESTRY COMMISSION
AND CONDITIONS FOR STANDARD PURCHASE OF TREES IN AREAS DAMAGED BY WINDBLOW BY LUMP SUM You have offered, hazardous, toxic, radioactive or dangerous waste whether or not such emission, substance or waste
Windblow by lump sum online (Scotland) November 2009 THE FORESTRY COMMISSION
AND CONDITIONS FOR STANDARD PURCHASE OF TREES IN AREAS DAMAGED BY WINDBLOW BY LUMP SUM You have offered, hazardous, toxic, radioactive or dangerous waste whether or not such emission, substance or waste
The complexity of Nash equilibria in multiplayer zero-sum games and coordination games
Cai, Yang, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We prove a generalization of von Neumann's minmax theorem to the class of separable multiplayer zero-sum games, introduced in [Bregman and Fokin 1998]. These games are polymatrix-that is, graphical games in which every ...
Forward compton scattering with weak neutral current: Constraints from sum rules
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Gorchtein, Mikhail; Zhang, Xilin
2015-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
We generalize forward real Compton amplitude to the case of the interference of the electromagnetic and weak neutral current, formulate a low-energy theorem, relate the new amplitudes to the interference structure functions and obtain a new set of sum rules. We address a possible new sum rule that relates the product of the axial charge and magnetic moment of the nucleon to the 0th moment of the structure function g?(?0). For the dispersive ? ?-box correction to the proton's weak charge, the application of the GDH sum rule allows us to reduce the uncertainty due to resonance contributions by amore »factor of two. The finite energy sum rule helps addressing the uncertainty in that calculation due to possible duality violations.« less
Chetverikov, Denis
We derive a Gaussian approximation result for the maximum of a sum of high-dimensional random vectors. Specifically, we establish conditions under which the distribution of the maximum is approximated by that of the maximum ...
QCD Sum Rules for Magnetically Induced Mixing between ?c and J/?
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Cho, Sungtae [Yonsei Univ., Seoul, (Korea, Rep. of). Inst. of Physics and Applied Physics; Hattori, Koichi [Yonsei Univ., Seoul, (Korea, Rep. of). Inst. of Physics and Applied Physics; RIKEN, Nishina Ceneter, Wako, Saitama (Japan); RIKEN BNL Research Center, Upton, NY (United States); Lee, Su Houng [Yonsei Univ., Seoul, (Korea, Rep. of). Inst. of Physics and Applied Physics; Morita, Kenji [Frankfurt Inst. for Advanced Studies (Germany); Univ. of Wroclaw (Poland). Inst. of Theoretcial Physics; Kyoto Univ. (Japan). Yukawa Inst. for Theoretical Phystics; Ozaki, Sho [Yonsei Univ., Seoul, (Korea, Rep. of). Inst. of Physics and Applied Physics; IPNS, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Tsukuba, Ibaraki (Japan)
2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the properties of charmonia in strong magnetic fields by using QCD sum rules. We show how to implement the mixing effects between ?c and J/? on the basis of field-theoretical approaches, and then show that the sum rules are saturated by the mixing effects with phenomenologically determined parameters. Consequently, we find that the mixing effects are the dominant contribution to the mass shifts of the static charmonia in strong magnetic fields.
Genetic Regulation of Intrinsic Endurance Exercise Capacity in Mice
Courtney, Sean M.
2013-07-26T23:59:59.000Z
Endurance exercise capacity is a powerful predictor of health status. Having low levels of endurance exercise capacity has been linked with cardiovascular disease. Variation in endurance exercise capacity, measured during a graded exercise test, has...
Decay constants of heavy-light vector mesons from QCD sum rules
Patrick Gelhausen; Alexander Khodjamirian; Alexei A. Pivovarov; Denis Rosenthal
2015-03-27T23:59:59.000Z
We revisit QCD sum rules for the decay constants of heavy-light mesons. In the sum rules for the vector mesons B^*_(s) and D^*_(s) we improve the accuracy of OPE, taking into account the O(alpha_s^2) terms in the perturbative part and calculating the O(alpha_s) corrections to the quark-condensate contribution. With this accuracy, we obtain the ratios of decay constants: f_B^*/f_B=1.02 +0.07 -0.03, f_D^*/f_D=1.20 +0.10 -0.07. The sum rule predictions for the decay constants of pseudoscalar mesons are updated with the results f_B=(207 +17 -9) MeV, f_B_s=(242 +17 -12) MeV, f_D=(201 +12 -13) MeV, f_D_s=(238 +13 -23) MeV. In order to assess the sensitivity of our calculation to the form of the sum rule, we consider alternative versions such as the power moments and Borel sum rules with different weights of the spectral density. We also investigated the heavy quark limit of the sum rules for vector and pseudoscalar mesons, estimating the violations of the heavy-quark spin and flavour symmetry.
CLEAN-Capacity Building and Training for Low Emissions Development...
CLEAN-Capacity Building and Training for Low Emissions Development Planning Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: CLEAN-Capacity Building and Training for Low Emissions...
Expansion of Novolyte Capacity for Lithium Ion Electrolyte Production...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
vt015eswise2012p.pdf More Documents & Publications Expansion of Novolyte Capacity for Lithium Ion Electrolyte Production Expansion of Novolyte Capacity for Lithium Ion...
Expansion of Novolyte Capacity for Lithium Ion Electrolyte Production...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
vt015eswise2011p.pdf More Documents & Publications Expansion of Novolyte Capacity for Lithium Ion Electrolyte Production Expansion of Novolyte Capacity for Lithium Ion...
Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in the Northeast United States - November 2013 Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in the...
Employee-Driven Initiative Increases Treatment Capacity, Reduces...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
Employee-Driven Initiative Increases Treatment Capacity, Reduces Clean Water Demands Employee-Driven Initiative Increases Treatment Capacity, Reduces Clean Water Demands June 30,...
Malaysia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth...
to enhance the capacity of relevant agencies and institutions to maintain and utilize models and database References "Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth...
Vietnam-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth...
to enhance the capacity of relevant agencies and institutions to maintain and utilize models and database References "Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth...
Philippines-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth...
to enhance the capacity of relevant agencies and institutions to maintain and utilize models and database References "Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth...
Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing...
to enhance the capacity of relevant agencies and institutions to maintain and utilize models and database References "Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth...
Expanded Capacity Microwave-Cleaned Diesel Particulate Filter...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Expanded Capacity Microwave-Cleaned Diesel Particulate Filter Expanded Capacity Microwave-Cleaned Diesel Particulate Filter 2002 DEER Conference Presentation: Industrial Ceramic...
Solid-State Hydrogen Storage: Storage Capacity,Thermodynamics...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Hydrogen Storage: Storage Capacity,Thermodynamics and Kinetics. Solid-State Hydrogen Storage: Storage Capacity,Thermodynamics and Kinetics. Abstract: Solid-state reversible...
Modeling-Thermo-electrochemistry, Capacity Degradation and Mechanics...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Modeling-Thermo-electrochemistry, Capacity Degradation and Mechanics with SEI Layer Modeling-Thermo-electrochemistry, Capacity Degradation and Mechanics with SEI Layer 2011 DOE...
RULES FOR CONGESTION MANAGEMENT EVALUATION OF AVAILABILITY OF CAPACITY AND
RULES FOR CONGESTION MANAGEMENT EVALUATION OF AVAILABILITY OF CAPACITY AND POSSIBILITIES.............................................................12 4.4 Available trading capacity in the market
Representation of Solar Capacity Value in the ReEDS Capacity Expansion Model
Sigrin, B.; Sullivan, P.; Ibanez, E.; Margolis, R.
2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
An important issue for electricity system operators is the estimation of renewables' capacity contributions to reliably meeting system demand, or their capacity value. While the capacity value of thermal generation can be estimated easily, assessment of wind and solar requires a more nuanced approach due to the resource variability. Reliability-based methods, particularly assessment of the Effective Load-Carrying Capacity, are considered to be the most robust and widely-accepted techniques for addressing this resource variability. This report compares estimates of solar PV capacity value by the Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) capacity expansion model against two sources. The first comparison is against values published by utilities or other entities for known electrical systems at existing solar penetration levels. The second comparison is against a time-series ELCC simulation tool for high renewable penetration scenarios in the Western Interconnection. Results from the ReEDS model are found to compare well with both comparisons, despite being resolved at a super-hourly temporal resolution. Two results are relevant for other capacity-based models that use a super-hourly resolution to model solar capacity value. First, solar capacity value should not be parameterized as a static value, but must decay with increasing penetration. This is because -- for an afternoon-peaking system -- as solar penetration increases, the system's peak net load shifts to later in the day -- when solar output is lower. Second, long-term planning models should determine system adequacy requirements in each time period in order to approximate LOLP calculations. Within the ReEDS model we resolve these issues by using a capacity value estimate that varies by time-slice. Within each time period the net load and shadow price on ReEDS's planning reserve constraint signals the relative importance of additional firm capacity.
DOE mixed waste treatment capacity analysis
Ross, W.A.; Wehrman, R.R.; Young, J.R.; Shaver, S.R.
1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
This initial DOE-wide analysis compares the reported national capacity for treatment of mixed wastes with the calculated need for treatment capacity based on both a full treatment of mixed low-level and transuranic wastes to the Land Disposal Restrictions and on treatment of transuranic wastes to the WIPP waste acceptance criteria. The status of treatment capacity is reported based on a fifty-element matrix of radiation-handling requirements and functional treatment technology categories. The report defines the classifications for the assessment, describes the models used for the calculations, provides results from the analysis, and includes appendices of the waste treatment facilities data and the waste stream data used in the analysis.
STORAGE CAPACITY ALLOCATION ALGORITHMS FOR HIERARCHICAL
Stavrakakis, Ioannis
STORAGE CAPACITY ALLOCATION ALGORITHMS FOR HIERARCHICAL CONTENT DISTRIBUTION Nikolaos Laoutaris of Athens, 15784 Athens, Greece {laoutaris,vassilis,istavrak}@di.uoa.gr Abstract The addition of storage storage budget to the nodes of a hierarchical con- tent distribution system is formulated; optimal
Emergent Biosynthetic Capacity in Simple Microbial Communities
Borenstein, Elhanan
Emergent Biosynthetic Capacity in Simple Microbial Communities Hsuan-Chao Chiu1 , Roie Levy1 and dynamics of simple two-species microbial ecosystems. We specifically focus on detecting emergent a large collection of two-species communities on multiple media, we demonstrate that emergent biosynthetic
CSEM WP 124 Capacity Markets for Electricity
California at Berkeley. University of
campus. 2547 Channing Way Berkeley, California 94720-5180 www.ucei.org #12;Capacity Markets markets provide the right incentives for the provision of the reserves needed to maintain system reserves, and are the subject of this paper. In particular, for given productive and transmission
PROJECT REPORT HVAC EQUIPMENT DEMOGRAPHICS AND CAPACITY
California at Davis, University of
- nently reduce the connected capacity, with respect to the HVAC system, by disconnecting compressors within RTUs that contain multiple compressors. We reviewed existing literature and col- lected primary data by conducting field surveys in order to estab- lish how multiple compressor RTUs are typically
Capacity Building in Wind Energy for PICs
for transportation and electricity generation. · Oil imports account for 15-25% of national total imports. Long- diesel hybrid power systems, typically under 100 kW. #12;11 Integration of wind energy into electricity the integration of wind generation into the electricity sector. This project was born. #12;12 The "Capacity
Fagatele Bay National Marine Sanctuary GIS Capacity
Wright, Dawn Jeannine
Fagatele Bay National Marine Sanctuary GIS Capacity Binder Index Background 2 Hardware, Software Report, configuration notes American Samoa Spatial Data Infrastructure Maps GIS Data CDs Operating System) #12;Compiled by Allison Graves, Nuna Technologies 2002. 2 Background A GIS presence was established
Kampung Capacity Local Solutions for Sustainable
Kammen, Daniel M.
for the river basin. Keywords: South East Asia, Malaysia, Rural Energy Access, Local Solutions #12;RAEL ReportKampung Capacity Local Solutions for Sustainable Rural Energy in the Baram River Basin, Sarawak, Malaysia Rebekah Shirley Daniel Kammen University of California Berkeley Renewable and Appropriate Energy
Electricity market module: Electricity capacity planning submodule
NONE
1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of this report is to describe modifications to the Electricity Capacity Planning Submodule (ECP) for the Annual Energy Outlook 1996. It describes revisions to enhance the representation of planned maintenance, incorporate technological improvements in operating efficiencies, revise the algorithm for determining international firm power imports, and include risk premiums for new plant construction.
Computing Wireless Capacity Magnus M. Halldorsson
Halldórsson, Magnús M.
Computing Wireless Capacity Magn´us M. Halld´orsson Roger Wattenhofer September 27, 2010 Abstract In this paper we address two common questions in wireless communication from an algorithmic perspective, assuming a geometric path loss model: First, how long does it take to satisfy an arbitrary set of wireless
tti.tamu.edu Increasing Capacity,
Readers to Measure Wait Times at the U.S.-Mexico Border Computer Simulations Explore "What If" Disaster Wait Times at the U.S.-Mexico Border 8 Safety-Belt Use at All-Time High in Texas 10 Increasing Capacity. Today -- with the Internet cross-pollinating cultures between countries at the speed of light
Kampung Capacity Local Solutions for Sustainable
Kammen, Daniel M.
Kampung Capacity Local Solutions for Sustainable Rural Energy in the Baram River Basin, Sarawak and social opportunities of up to 1.5 billion people worldwide. As a critical case in point, most rural of service provision based on large-scale regional electrification. A range of different renewable energy
On Asymptotic Outage Capacity Distribution of Correlated MIMO Channels
Loyka, Sergey
On Asymptotic Outage Capacity Distribution of Correlated MIMO Channels Georgy Levin* and Sergey condition for the asymptotic normality of MIMO channel outage capacity is considered. Some physical aspects, asymptotic capacity, correlation. I. INTRODUCTION Outage capacity is one of the major characteristics
Achievable Secrecy Sum-Rate in a Fading MAC-WT with Power Control and without CSI of Eavesdropper
Shah, Shahid M; Sharma, Vinod
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We consider a two user fading Multiple Access Channel with a wire-tapper (MAC-WT) where the transmitter has the channel state information (CSI) to the intended receiver but not to the eavesdropper (eve). We provide an achievable secrecy sum-rate with optimal power control. We next provide a secrecy sum-rate with optimal power control and cooperative jamming (CJ). We then study an achievable secrecy sum rate by employing an ON/OFF power control scheme which is more easily computable. We also employ CJ over this power control scheme. Results show that CJ boosts the secrecy sum-rate significantly even if we do not know the CSI of the eve's channel. At high SNR, the secrecy sum-rate (with CJ) without CSI of the eve exceeds the secrecy sum-rate (without CJ) with full CSI of the eve.
Sum--of--squares results for polynomials related to the Bessis--Moussa--Villani conjecture
Collins, Benoit; Torres-Ayala, Francisco
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We show that the polynomial S_{m,k}(A,B), that is the sum of all words in noncommuting variables A and B having length m and exactly k letters equal to B, is not equal to a sum of commutators and Hermitian squares in the algebra R where X^2=A and Y^2=B, for all even values of m and k with 6 when m is even and not a multiple of 4, which implies that the trace of S_{m,4}(A,B) is nonnegative for all Hermitian matrices A and B, for these values of m.
Elliptic Gauss Sums and Hecke L-values at s=1
Asai, Tetsuya
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The rationality of the elliptic Gauss sum coefficient is shown. The following is a specific case of our argument. Let f(u)=sl((1-i)\\varpi u), where sl() is the Gauss' lemniscatic sine and \\varpi=2.62205... is the real period of the elliptic curve y^2=x^3-x, so that f(u) is an elliptic function relative to the period lattice Z[i]. Let \\pi be a primary prime of Z[i] such that norm(\\pi)\\equiv 13\\mod 16. Let S be the quarter set mod \\pi consisting of quartic residues. Let us define G(\\pi):=\\sum_{\
Entanglement area law from specific heat capacity
Fernando G. S. L. Brandao; Marcus Cramer
2015-08-20T23:59:59.000Z
We study the scaling of entanglement in low-energy states of quantum many-body models on lattices of arbitrary dimensions. We allow for unbounded Hamiltonians such that systems with bosonic degrees of freedom are included. We show that if at low enough temperatures the specific heat capacity of the model decays exponentially with inverse temperature, the entanglement in every low-energy state satisfies an area law (with a logarithmic correction). This behaviour of the heat capacity is typically observed in gapped systems. Assuming merely that the low-temperature specific heat decays polynomially with temperature, we find a subvolume scaling of entanglement. Our results give experimentally verifiable conditions for area laws, show that they are a generic property of low-energy states of matter, and, to the best of our knowledge, constitute the first proof of an area law for unbounded Hamiltonians beyond those that are integrable.
Wave equation prediction of pile bearing capacity
Bartoskewitz, Richard Edward
1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
are predicted by using a numerical method for solving the one-dimensional wave equation. The predicted capac- ities are compared with field data from static load tests. The results obtained by using currently accepted soil parameters, which characterize... the dynamic response of a soil to impact loading, are compared to those attained by using soil parameters which were recently developed from model pile tests . A study is made to determine the qualitative affects that the soil parameters have...
Sum--of--squares results for polynomials related to the Bessis--Moussa--Villani conjecture
Benoit Collins; Kenneth J. Dykema; Francisco Torres-Ayala
2010-03-27T23:59:59.000Z
We show that the polynomial S_{m,k}(A,B), that is the sum of all words in noncommuting variables A and B having length m and exactly k letters equal to B, is not equal to a sum of commutators and Hermitian squares in the algebra R where X^2=A and Y^2=B, for all even values of m and k with 6 Bessis--Moussa--Villani conjecture, which asks whether the trace of S_{m,k}(A,B)) is nonnegative for all positive semidefinite matrices A and B. These results eliminate the possibility of using "descent + sum-of-squares" to prove the BMV conjecture. We also show that S_{m,4}(A,B) is equal to a sum of commutators and Hermitian squares in R when m is even and not a multiple of 4, which implies that the trace of S_{m,4}(A,B) is nonnegative for all Hermitian matrices A and B, for these values of m.
Glaser, Rainer
Crystal Potential Formula for the Calculation of Crystal Lattice Sums1 Don Steiger and Calvin; In Final Form: April 7, 1998 A new formula is derived for the determination of the potential energy of the central unit cell of a finite crystal; this formula is called the crystal potential formula. The crystal
Arithmetic nature of sums of certain convergent series S. D. Adhikari and N. Saradha
Saradha, N.
* *s. In the present article, we shall discuss the questions of irrationality and transcend* *ence subject and its conne* *ction with the theory of numbers has a very long history. In our college days of sums of some infinite series. 2.Definitions_and_some_basic_observations_ A real number ff
Dhinojwala, Ali
Contact of Oil with Solid Surfaces in Aqueous Media Probed Using Sum Frequency Generation is present between the oil and the sapphire substrate. Below the isoelectric point of the sapphire substrate and the attractive van der Waals interactions. INTRODUCTION An oil drop in contact with a solid surface in aqueous
ON THE ORDER OF STIRLING NUMBERS AND ALTERNATING BINOMIAL COEFFICIENT SUMS
Lengyel, TamÃ¡s
ON THE ORDER OF STIRLING NUMBERS AND ALTERNATING BINOMIAL COEFFICIENT SUMS Ira M. Gessel \\Lambda=p is not an odd integer. Here S(n; k) denotes the Stirling number of the second kind; i.e., the number) denotes the Stirling number of the second kind, and n = a 2 q ; a is odd, and q is sufficiently large (for
ON THE ORDER OF STIRLING NUMBERS AND ALTERNATING BINOMIAL COEFFICIENT SUMS
Lengyel, TamÃ¡s
ON THE ORDER OF STIRLING NUMBERS AND ALTERNATING BINOMIAL COEFFICIENT SUMS Ira M. Gessel is sufficiently large and kip is not an odd integer. Here S(n, k) denotes the Stirling num- ber of the second kindStirling number of the second kind, and n = alq , a is odd, and q
Weighted Sum Rate Maximization of Correlated MISO Broadcast Channels under Linear Precoding
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
1 Weighted Sum Rate Maximization of Correlated MISO Broadcast Channels under Linear Precoding algorithm proposed by Christensen et al. in large correlated MISO broadcast channels. We propose a novel maximization. I. INTRODUCTION WE consider the multiple-input single-output (MISO) broadcast channel (BC
Weighted Sum Rate Maximization in the Underlay Cognitive MISO Interference Channel
Gesbert, David
Weighted Sum Rate Maximization in the Underlay Cognitive MISO Interference Channel Laurent Gallo) maximization for a K-user Multiple-Input Single-Output (MISO) cognitive Interference Channel (IFC) with linear studied in a non-cognitive scenario for the MISO inter- ference channel (IFC) in [3], where a distributed
Continuous-wave sum-frequency generation in AlGaAs Bragg reflection waveguides
Abolghasem, Bhavin J. Bijlani, and Amr S. Helmy* The Edward S. Rogers Sr. Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Toronto, 10 King's College Road, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3G4, Canada radiation in mid-IR regimes, where no laser source exists [2]. Sum-frequency generation (SFG) is also at
Richmond, Geraldine L.
Surfactant/Water Interactions at the Air/Water Interface Probed by Vibrational Sum Frequency and orientation of water molecules at an air/water interface has been measured in the presence of cationic spectrum of both the surfactant and water molecules at the water surface. In the presence of the charged
Off-shell [rho]-[omega] mixing in QCD sum rules
Hatsuda, T.; Henley, E.M.; Meissner, T.; Krein, G. (Physics Department, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States) Institute for Nuclear Theory, HN-12 University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States) Instituto de Fisica Teorica, Rua Pamplona, 145, 01405-900 Sao Paulo-SP (Brazil))
1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The [ital q][sup 2] dependence of the [rho]-[omega] mixing amplitude is analyzed with the use of QCD sum rules and dispersion relations. Going off shell the mixing decreases, changes sign at [ital q][sup 2][congruent]0.4[ital m][sub [rho
The Power of Neutrino Mass Sum Rules for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay Experiments
Stephen F. King; Alexander Merle; Alexander J. Stuart
2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z
Neutrino mass sum rules relate the three neutrino masses within generic classes of flavour models, leading to restrictions on the effective mass parameter measured in experiments on neutrinoless double beta decay as a function of the lightest neutrino mass. We perform a comprehensive study of the implications of such neutrino mass sum rules, which provide a link between model building, phenomenology, and experiments. After a careful explanation of how to derive predictions from sum rules, we discuss a large number of examples both numerically, using all three global fits available for the neutrino oscillation data, and analytically wherever possible. In some cases, our results disagree with some of those in the literature for reasons that we explain. Finally we discuss the experimental prospects for many current and near-future experiments, with a particular focus on the uncertainties induced by the unknown nuclear physics involved. We find that, in many cases, the power of the neutrino mass sum rules is so strong as to allow certain classes of models to be tested by the next generation of neutrinoless double beta decay experiments. Our study can serve as both a guideline and a theoretical motivation for future experimental studies.
draft date: August 17, 1998 Database Security and the Distribution of Subset Sums in Rm
Griggs, Jerrold R.
" of a statistical database under the control of the mechanism Audit Ex- pert of Chin and Ozsoyoglu. As modelled models of compromise that we introduce here. Running head: Database Security and Subset Sums 1 Research models of database compromise in past studies are solved by surprising applications of the combinatorial
Complex-energy approach to sum rules within nuclear density functional theory
Hinohara, Nobuo; Nazarewicz, Witold; Olsen, Erik
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The linear response of the nucleus to an external field contains unique information about the effective interaction, correlations, and properties of its excited states. To characterize the response, it is useful to use its energy-weighted moments, or sum rules. By comparing computed sum rules with experimental values, the information content of the response can be utilized in the optimization process of the nuclear Hamiltonian or EDF. But the additional information comes at a price: compared to the ground state, computation of excited states is more demanding. To establish an efficient framework to compute sum rules of the response that is adaptable to the optimization of the nuclear EDF and large-scale surveys of collective strength, we have developed a new technique within the complex-energy FAM based on the QRPA. To compute sum rules, we carry out contour integration of the response function in the complex-energy plane. We benchmark our results against the conventional matrix formulation of the QRPA theory...
ccsd-00016701,version2-3May2006 Generalised extreme value statistics and sum of
Boyer, Edmond
random variables with a sum distributed according to one of the three (k-dependent) asymptotic distributions of extreme value statistics, namely the Gumbel, Fr´echet and Weibull distributions. These classes, as well as the limit distributions, are naturally extended to real values of k, thus providing a clear
How Accurate are the Gaussian and Gamma Approximations to the Outage Capacity of MIMO Channels ?
Øien, Geir E.
How Accurate are the Gaussian and Gamma Approximations to the Outage Capacity of MIMO Channels MIMO capacity complementary cumulative distribution functions, or equivalently, the outage capacity distribution function (CDF) (also known as the outage capacity), or equivalently, the capacity complementary
Evaluation of capacity release transactions in the natural gas industry
Lautzenhiser, Stephen
1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of this thesis is to analyze capacity release transactions in the natural gas industry and to state some preliminary conclusions about how the capacity release market is functioning. Given FERC's attempt to ...
Storage and capacity rights markets in the natural gas industry
Paz-Galindo, Luis A.
1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This dissertation presents a different approach at looking at market power in capacity rights markets that goes beyond the functional aspects of capacity rights markets as access to transportation services. In particular, ...
DECENTRALIZING SEMICONDUCTOR CAPACITY PLANNING VIA INTERNAL MARKET COORDINATION
Wu, David
and S. DAVID WU Manufacturing Logistics Institute, Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Systems semiconductor manufacturer: marketing managers reserve capacity from manufacturing based on product demands, while attempting to maximize profit; manufacturing managers allocate capacity to competing marketing
ISO New England Forward Capacity Market (Rhode Island)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Under the Forward Capacity Market (FCM), ISO New England projects the capacity needs of the region’s power system three years in advance and then holds an annual auction to purchase the power...
Model NOx storage systems: Storage capacity and thermal aging...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Model NOx storage systems: Storage capacity and thermal aging of BaOtheta- Al2O3NiAl(100). Model NOx storage systems: Storage capacity and thermal aging of BaOtheta- Al2O3...
Optimal Capacity Conversion for Product Transitions Under High Service Requirements
Li, Hongmin
We consider the capacity planning problem during a product transition in which demand for a new-generation product gradually replaces that for the old product. Capacity for the new product can be acquired both by purchasing ...
Healthcare Facility Location and Capacity Configuration under Stochastic Demand
Han, Xue
2014-12-18T23:59:59.000Z
This dissertation addresses two topics. The first topic is strategic dynamic supply chain reconfiguration (DSCR) problem, in which the proposed capacity configuration network is employed in the second topic: healthcare facility location and capacity...
Analysis of the effect of packing capacity on pork prices
Spivey, Sarah Elizabeth
2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z
to measure capacity constraints were statistically significant explanatory factors in the regressions for hog and pork prices. The capacity constraints were estimated to have a different relationship with the prices at the farm level as compared with packer...
National CHP Roadmap: Doubling Combined Heat and Power Capacity...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
CHP Roadmap: Doubling Combined Heat and Power Capacity in the United States by 2010, March 2001 National CHP Roadmap: Doubling Combined Heat and Power Capacity in the United States...
U.S. Refinery Utilization and Capacity
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5(Million Cubic Feet) Oregon (Including Vehicle Fuel) (MillionStructural Basis of5, 2014 | Release Date:Production Capacity of2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Property:MeanCapacity | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaP a g eWorks -09-0018-CXNuon Renewables JumpSolartech Co LtdFloridaProperty Edit with formMeanCapacity
Constrained capacity of MIMO Rayleigh fading channels
He, Wenyan
2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z
. : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 32 1 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION As IEEE 802.11n standards become more and more readily available in various elec- tronics products, multi-input multi-output (MIMO) has never been more accepted by the general public. With 3G networks gradually... Array? ? M N 11h NMh ijh Fig. 1. Block diagram of a MIMO system. This thesis follows the style of IEEE Transactions on Information Theory. 2 A. Previous Work on MIMO Capacity After the pioneering work on MIMO systems was published by Telatar [1...
Installed Geothermal Capacity | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaP a gHigh Plains Wind Farm Jump to:Indianapolis, Indiana:Page Edit History Installed Geothermal Capacity
Peak Underground Working Natural Gas Storage Capacity
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318 706 802DecadeReserves (Billion(Billion Cubic Feet) Other States7 Fourth8,629)Capacity
Press, William H.
Discrete Radon transform has an exact, fast inverse and generalizes to operations other than sumsÂ¨otz, DruckmÂ¨uller, and independently Brady have defined a discrete Radon transform (DRT) that sums an image-to-noise in the presence of pointlike clutter features of arbitrarily large amplitude. Radon transform | computerized
Giannakis, Georgios
Multi-Carrier Multiple Access is Sum-Rate Optimal for Block Transmissions over Circulant ISI to maximizing the sum-rate of circulant inter-symbol interference (ISI) channels, that are assumed available at the transmitter. Cir- culant ISI channels are ensured either with cyclic pre`xed block transmissions
Barrash, Warren
. HRS. 2nd Year Fall __________ (year) 2nd Year Spr. _________ (year) 2nd Year Sum. _________ (yearName Major Student ID Advisor 1st Year Fall __________ (year) 1st Year Spr. __________ (year) 1st Year Sum. __________ (year) SUBJECT COURSE # CR. HRS. SUBJECT COURSE # CR. HRS. SUBJECT COURSE # CR
TOWARDS REACHING CONSENSUS IN THE DETERMINATION OF PHOTOVOLTAICS CAPACITY CREDIT
Perez, Richard R.
on the analysis of load duration curves: Load Duration Capacity (LDC) and Demand Time Matching (DTIM) 3
Manure Storage Winter Capacity Planning Level Guidance January 1, 2013
Guiltinan, Mark
1 Manure Storage Winter Capacity Planning Level Guidance January 1, 2013 The guidance outlined in this document is to be used to determine the Manure Storage Winter Capacity Planning Level for CAFO operations must be documented in the NMP Standard Format. For determining the manure storage winter capacity
Assessing Efficiency and Capacity in Fisheries James E. Kirkley
Assessing Efficiency and Capacity in Fisheries James E. Kirkley College of William and Mary.M.Ward@noaa.gov ____________________ Prepared for the National Marine Fisheries Service Workshop of "Assessing Technical Efficiency and Capacity in Fisheries (Silver Spring, Maryland; September 29 - October 1, 1999). #12;Efficiency and Capacity iv Table
Capacity of Wireless Ad Hoc Networks Using Practical Directional Antennas
, which is called MC-MDA network. The capacity in MC-MDA network is derived under arbitrary and random of side lobe and back lobe into account. We derive the capacity upper-bounds of MC-MDA networks decreases when s increases. Moreover, we compare the network capacity of MC-MDA using the simplified antenna
On The Outage Capacity Distribution of Correlated Keyhole MIMO Channels
Loyka, Sergey
On The Outage Capacity Distribution of Correlated Keyhole MIMO Channels G. Levin and S. Loyka for the instantaneous SNR and outage capacity distributions of a spatially correlated keyhole MIMO channel are given diversity channel with a single Tx (Rx) and multiple Rx (Tx) antennas. The outage capacity at low outage
Multi-Keyhole MIMO Channels: Asymptotic Analysis of Outage Capacity
Loyka, Sergey
Multi-Keyhole MIMO Channels: Asymptotic Analysis of Outage Capacity George Levin and Sergey Loyka single-keyhole channels. The outage capacity distribution of both full-rank and rank-deficient multi channel, outage capacity, correlation. I. INTRODUCTION Multiple-Input-Multiple-Output (MIMO) channels have
Does Beamforming achieve Outage Capacity with Direction Feedback?
Jafar, Syed A.
Does Beamforming achieve Outage Capacity with Direction Feedback? Sudhir Srinivasa and Syed Ali: syed@ece.uci.edu, sudhirs@uci.edu Email: sriram@ece.utexas.edu Abstract We explore the outage capacity of outage capacity for a quantized channel direction feedback system. The technique is used to establish
Developing Leadership Capacity Conference The New Romantics of Responsible Leadership
Diggle, Peter J.
The 6th Developing Leadership Capacity Conference The New Romantics of Responsible Leadership 8th Conference Timetable Developing Leadership Capacity in Times of Austerity and Economic Crisis Grasmere from 6th Developing Leadership Capacity Conference Monday 7th July 2014 Venue 10.30 Round Table Event
Capacity additions ease tight methanol supply
Greek, B.F. (C and EN, Houston, TX (US))
1988-10-03T23:59:59.000Z
Two menthanol plants now in operation - one in the U.S., the other in Chile - will boost global supplies of methanol more than 375 million gal annually. This large capacity addition and smaller expansions in other parts of the world will exceed demand growth during 1988 and 1989, easing the squeeze on supplies. As the result of increased supplies, methanol prices could slip slightly in the fourth quarter. They are more likely to decline next year, however. The two plants, which started up in August, are owned and operated by Tenneco Oil Co. Processing and Marketing and by Cape Horn Methanol (CHM). The Tenneco plant, located in Pasadena, Tex., was restarted after a shutdown in 1982 when prices for methanol were low. It now is running at full capacity of 125 million gal per year. The plant uses the low-pressure process technology of Lurgi, reportedly requiring for feedstock and energy between 100,000 and 125,000 cu ft of methane per gallon. Global trade in methanol smooths out the supply and demand inconsistencies. Surging methanol demand in the U.S. and in Western Europe has been met by imports from areas where methanol production is most economical - that is, where natural gas is readily available and has no other application as high in value. Canada, Chile, and Trinidad are examples of those areas.
Asia/Pacific refineries spark growth in conversion capacity
Rhodes, A.K.
1995-12-18T23:59:59.000Z
Led by refiners in the Asia/Pacific region, worldwide capacity for conversion processes, such as fluid catalytic cracking, hydrocracking, and coking, increased at a faster pace this year than did crude oil distillation capacity. Crude capacity showed only a small gain of 0.4% to 74.5 million b/d according to the Journal`s most recent survey of refining capacity. This article summarizes data from the survey on the largest refiners, capacities, conversion processes, fuel processes, processing comparison, and refinery size.
Wakamatsu, M.; Tsujimoto, H. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-0043 (Japan)
2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
The theoretical predictions are given for the forward limit of the unpolarized spin-flip isovector generalized parton distribution function (E{sup u}-E{sup d})(x,{xi},t) within the framework of the chiral quark soliton model, with full inclusion of the polarization of Dirac sea quarks. We observe that [(H{sup u}-H{sup d})+(E{sup u}-E{sup d})](x,0,0) has a sharp peak around x=0, which we interpret as a signal of the importance of the pionic qq excitation with large spatial extension in the transverse direction. Another interesting indication given by the predicted distribution in combination with Ji's angular momentum sum rule is that the d quark carries more angular momentum than the u quark in the proton, which may have some relation with the physics of the violation of the Gottfried sum rule.
Representation of the Fourier transform as a weighted sum of the complex error functions
S. M. Abrarov; B. M. Quine
2015-08-05T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we show that a methodology based on a sampling with the Gaussian function of kind $h\\,{e^{ - {{\\left( {t/c} \\right)}^2}}}/\\left( {{c}\\sqrt \\pi } \\right)$, where ${c}$ and $h$ are some constants, leads to the Fourier transform that can be represented as a weighted sum of the complex error functions. Due to remarkable property of the complex error function, the Fourier transform based on the weighted sum can be significantly simplified and expressed in terms of a damping harmonic series. In contrast to the conventional discrete Fourier transform, this methodology results in a non-periodic wavelet approximation. Consequently, the proposed approach may be useful and convenient in algorithmic implementation.
Zhang, Y. S. [Department of Scientific Research, Dalian Naval Academy, Dalian 116018 (China); Cai, F. [Department of Navigation, Dalian Naval Academy, Dalian 116018 (China); Xu, W. M. [Department of Hydrography and Cartography, Dalian Naval Academy, Dalian 116018 (China)
2011-09-28T23:59:59.000Z
The ship motion equation with a cosine wave excitement force describes the slip moments in regular waves. A new kind of wave excitement force model, with the form as sums of cosine functions was proposed to describe ship rolling in irregular waves. Ship rolling time series were obtained by solving the ship motion equation with the fourth-order-Runger-Kutta method. These rolling time series were synthetically analyzed with methods of phase-space track, power spectrum, primary component analysis, and the largest Lyapunove exponent. Simulation results show that ship rolling presents some chaotic characteristic when the wave excitement force was applied by sums of cosine functions. The result well explains the course of ship rolling's chaotic mechanism and is useful for ship hydrodynamic study.
Information storage capacity of discrete spin systems
Beni Yoshida
2012-12-24T23:59:59.000Z
Understanding the limits imposed on information storage capacity of physical systems is a problem of fundamental and practical importance which bridges physics and information science. There is a well-known upper bound on the amount of information that can be stored reliably in a given volume of discrete spin systems which are supported by gapped local Hamiltonians. However, all the previously known systems were far below this theoretical bound, and it remained open whether there exists a gapped spin system that saturates this bound. Here, we present a construction of spin systems which saturate this theoretical limit asymptotically by borrowing an idea from fractal properties arising in the Sierpinski triangle. Our construction provides not only the best classical error-correcting code which is physically realizable as the energy ground space of gapped frustration-free Hamiltonians, but also a new research avenue for correlated spin phases with fractal spin configurations.
Measurement of the B¯?Xs? branching fraction with a sum of exclusive decays
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Saito, T.; Ishikawa, A.; Yamamoto, H.; Abdesselam, A.; Adachi, I.; Aihara, H.; Al Said, S.; Arinstein, K.; Asner, D.?M.; Aushev, T.; et al
2015-03-04T23:59:59.000Z
We use 772 × 106 BB meson pairs collected at the ?(4S) resonance with the Belle detector to measure the branching fraction for B¯ ? Xs?. Our measurement uses a sum-of-exclusives approach in which 38 of the hadronic final states with strangeness equal to +1, denoted by Xs, are reconstructed. The inclusive branching fraction for MXs s?)=(3.51±0.17±0.33) × 10–4, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic.
Surface and bulk modified high capacity layered oxide cathodes with low irreversible capacity loss
Manthiram, Arumugam (Austin, TX); Wu, Yan (Austin, TX)
2010-03-16T23:59:59.000Z
The present invention includes compositions, surface and bulk modifications, and methods of making of (1-x)Li[Li.sub.1/3Mn.sub.2/3]O.sub.2.xLi[Mn.sub.0.5-yNi.sub.0.5-yCo.sub.2- y]O.sub.2 cathode materials having an O3 crystal structure with a x value between 0 and 1 and y value between 0 and 0.5, reducing the irreversible capacity loss in the first cycle by surface modification with oxides and bulk modification with cationic and anionic substitutions, and increasing the reversible capacity to close to the theoretical value of insertion/extraction of one lithium per transition metal ion (250-300 mAh/g).
Ransom, Ray M. (Big Bear City, CA); Gallegos-Lopez, Gabriel (Torrance, CA); Kinoshita, Michael H. (Redondo Beach, CA)
2012-07-31T23:59:59.000Z
Methods, system and apparatus are provided for quickly approximating a peak summed magnitude (A) of a phase voltage (Vph) waveform in a multi-phase system that implements third harmonic injection.
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Absolute frequency measurement of an SF6 two-photon line using a femtosecond optical comb and sum laser. The absolute frequency of a CO2 laser stabilized onto an SF6 two-photon line has been measured
The NASA CSTI High Capacity Power Project
Winter, J.; Dudenhoefer, J.; Juhasz, A.; Schwarze, G.; Patterson, R.; Ferguson, D.; Titran, R. [National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Cleveland, OH (United States). Lewis Research Center; Schmitz, P. [Sverdrup Technology, Inc., Brook Park, OH (United States). Lewis Research Center Group; Vandersande, J. [Jet Propulsion Lab., Pasadena, CA (United States)
1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
The SP-100 Space Nuclear Power Program was established in 1983 by DOD, DOE, and NASA as a joint program to develop technology for military and civil applications. Starting in 1986, NASA has funded a technology program to maintain the momentum of promising aerospace technology advancement started during Phase I of SP-100 and to strengthen, in key areas, the changes for successful development and growth capability of space nuclear reactor power systems for a wide range of future space applications. The elements of the CSTI High Capacity Power Project include Systems Analysis, Stirling Power Conversion, Thermoelectric Power Conversion, Thermal Management, Power Management, Systems Diagnostics, Environmental Interactions, and Material/Structural Development. Technology advancement in all elements is required to provide the growth capability, high reliability and 7 to 10 year lifetime demanded for future space nuclear power systems. The overall project with develop and demonstrate the technology base required to provide a wide range of modular power systems compatible with the SP-100 reactor which facilitates operation during lunar and planetary day/night cycles as well as allowing spacecraft operation at any attitude or distance from the sun. Significant accomplishments in all of the project elements will be presented, along with revised goals and project timelines recently developed.
Open versus closed loop capacity equilibria in electricity markets ...
S. Wogrin
2012-05-07T23:59:59.000Z
May 7, 2012 ... Abstract: We consider two game-theoretic models of the generation capacity expansion problem in liberalized electricity markets. The first is an ...
Table 2. Ten Largest Plants by Generation Capacity, 2013
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
Oklahoma" ,"Plant","Primary energy source","Operating company","Net summer capacity (MW)" 1,"Northeastern","Coal","Public Service Co of Oklahoma",1815 2,"Redbud Power...
An Efficient Algorithm for Computing Robust Minimum Capacity st Cuts
Doug Altner
2008-03-20T23:59:59.000Z
Mar 20, 2008 ... In this paper, we present an efficient algorithm for computing minimum capacity s-t cuts under a polyhedral model of robustness. Our algorithm ...
Cambodia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...
to ensure they are robust, transparent, and actionable Strengthen in-country human and institutional capacity for LEDS development, revision, and implementation Identify key...
Design and Evaluation of Novel High Capacity Cathode Materials...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
& Publications Design and Evaluation of Novel High Capacity Cathode Materials Lithium Source For High Performance Li-ion Cells Lithium Source For High Performance Li-ion Cells...
Serbia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...
for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS) Jump to: navigation, search Name Serbia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS) AgencyCompany...
Initial Production Capacity Investments for Commercializing Pharmaceutical Products
Yuen, Ming Kwan
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Hanan. 1982. Operations research and capacity expansionEngi- neering and Operations Research Department forstochastic demands. Operations Research 40 pp. S210–S216.
Geothermal: Sponsored by OSTI -- Geothermal Plant Capacity Factors
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
Plant Capacity Factors Geothermal Technologies Legacy Collection HelpFAQ | Site Map | Contact Us HomeBasic Search About Publications Advanced Search New Hot Docs News Related...
QCD corrections to $B \\to ?$ form factors from light-cone sum rules
Yu-Ming Wang; Yue-Long Shen
2015-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
We compute perturbative corrections to $B \\to \\pi$ form factors from QCD light-cone sum rules with $B$-meson distribution amplitudes. Applying the method of regions we demonstrate factorization of the vacuum-to-$B$-meson correlation function defined with an interpolating current for pion, at one-loop level, explicitly in the heavy quark limit. The short-distance functions in the factorization formulae of the correlation function involves both hard and hard-collinear scales; and these functions can be further factorized into hard coefficients by integrating out the hard fluctuations and jet functions encoding the hard-collinear information. Resummation of large logarithms in the short-distance functions is then achieved via the standard renormalization-group approach. We further show that structures of the factorization formulae for $f_{B \\pi}^{+}(q^2)$ and $f_{B \\pi}^{0}(q^2)$ at large hadronic recoil from QCD light-cone sum rules match that derived in QCD factorization. In particular, we perform an exploratory phenomenological analysis of $B \\to \\pi$ form factors, paying attention to various sources of perturbative and systematic uncertainties, and extract $|V_{ub}|= \\left(3.05^{+0.54}_{-0.38} |_{\\rm th.} \\pm 0.09 |_{\\rm exp.}\\right) \\times 10^{-3}$ with the inverse moment of the $B$-meson distribution amplitude $\\phi_B^{+}(\\omega)$ determined by reproducing $f_{B \\pi}^{+}(q^2=0)$ obtained from the light-cone sum rules with $\\pi$ distribution amplitudes. Furthermore, we present the invariant-mass distributions of the lepton pair for $B \\to \\pi \\ell \
Proof of the the Riemann hypothesis from the strong density hypothesis via a power sum method
Yuanyou Cheng; S. Albeverio
2014-08-13T23:59:59.000Z
The Riemann hypothesis is equivalent to the $\\varpi$-form of the prime number theorem as $\\varpi(x) =O(x\\sp{1/2} \\log\\sp{2} x)$, where $\\varpi(x) =\\sum\\sb{n\\le x}\\ \\bigl(\\Lambda(n) -1\\big)$ with the sum running through the set of all natural integers. Let ${\\mathsf Z}(s) = -\\tfrac{\\zeta\\sp{\\prime}(s)}{\\zeta(s)} -\\zeta(s)$. We use the classical integral formula for the Heaviside function in the form of ${\\mathsf H}(x) =\\int\\sb{m -i\\infty} \\sp{m +i\\infty} \\tfrac{x\\sp{s}}{s} \\dd s$ where $m >0$, and ${\\mathsf H}(x)$ is 0 when $\\tfrac{1}{2} 1$. However, we diverge from the literature by applying Cauchy's residue theorem to the function ${\\mathsf Z}(s) \\cdot \\tfrac{x\\sp{s}} {s}$, rather than $-\\tfrac{\\zeta\\sp{\\prime}(s)} {\\zeta(s)} \\cdot \\tfrac{x\\sp{s}}{s}$, so that we may utilize the formula for $\\tfrac{1}{2}1$ of ${\\mathsf Z}(s)$, we use induction to reduce the size of the exponent $\\theta$ in $\\varpi(x) =O(x\\sp{\\theta} \\log\\sp{2} x)$, while we also use induction on $x$ when $\\theta$ is fixed. We prove that the Riemann hypothesis is valid under the assumptions of the explicit strong density hypothesis and the Lindel\\"of hypothesis recently proven, via a result of the implication on the zero free regions from the remainder terms of the prime number theorem by the power sum method of Tur\\'an.
Defining medium-specific condensates in QCD sum rules for $D$ and $B$ mesons
T. Buchheim; T. Hilger; B. Kampfer
2014-09-08T23:59:59.000Z
QCD sum rules for $D$ and $B$ mesons in a strongly interacting environment require the decomposition of Gibbs averaged operators related to tensor structures. We present a procedure to decompose these operators into vacuum and medium-specific parts, thus defining plain medium-specific condensates with coefficients vanishing in vacuum. Our decomposition allows for an identification of potential elements of order parameters for chiral restoration, in particular for higher mass-dimension quark-condensates which would be masked otherwise if operators with uncontracted Lorentz indices would be linked to DIS amplitudes.
Bond Energy Sums in Benzene, Cyclohexatriene and Cyclohexane Prove Resonance Unnecessary
Raji Heyrovska
2008-07-27T23:59:59.000Z
The recent new structure of benzene shows that it consists of three C atoms of radii as in graphite alternating with three C atoms with double bond radii. This is different from the hypothetical cyclohexatriene (Kekule structure) involving alternate double and single bonds. It was shown that the difference in the bond energy sum of the atomic structure of benzene from that of the Kekule structure is the energy (erroneously) assumed to be due to resonance. Here it is shown that the present structure of benzene also explains the energy of hydrogenation into cyclohexane and its difference from that of cyclohexatriene.
Completely positive maps within the framework of direct-sum decomposition of state space
Longjiang Liu; D. M. Tong
2014-07-08T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate completely positive maps for an open system interacting with its environment. The families of the initial states for which the reduced dynamics can be described by a completely positive map are identified within the framework of direct-sum decomposition of state space. They includes not only separable states with vanishing or nonvanishing quantum discord but also entangled states. A general expression of the families as well as the Kraus operators for the completely positive maps are explicitly given. It significantly extends the previous results.
Constraints on the Sum of Neutrino Masses from Cosmology and their impact on world neutrino data
A. Melchiorri; G. L. Fogli; E. Lisi; A. Marrone; A. Palazzo; P. Serra; J. I. Silk
2005-01-25T23:59:59.000Z
We derive upper limits on the sum of neutrino masses from an updated combination of data from Cosmic Microwave Background experiments and Galaxy Redshifts Surveys. The results are discussed in the context of three-flavor neutrino mixing and compared with neutrino oscillation data, with upper limits on the effective neutrino mass in Tritium beta decay from the Mainz and Troitsk experiments and with the claimed lower bound on the effective Majorana neutrino mass in neutrinoless double beta decay from the Heidelberg-Moscow experiment.
Maximum oxidative phosphorylation capacity of the mammalian heart
Mootha, Vamsi K.
Maximum oxidative phosphorylation capacity of the mammalian heart VAMSI K. MOOTHA, ANDREW E. ARAI, AND ROBERT S. BALABAN Laboratory of Cardiac Energetics, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National. Maximum oxidative phosphorylation capacity of the mammalian heart. Am. J. Physiol. 272 (Heart Circ
Sizing Storage and Wind Generation Capacities in Remote Power Systems
Victoria, University of
Sizing Storage and Wind Generation Capacities in Remote Power Systems by Andy Gassner B Capacities in Remote Power Systems by Andy Gassner B.Sc., University of Wisconsin Madison, 2003 Supervisory and small power systems. However, the variability due to the stochastic nature of the wind resource
GROUNDWATER NITRATE REMOVAL CAPACITY OF RIPARIAN ZONES IN
Gold, Art
GROUNDWATER NITRATE REMOVAL CAPACITY OF RIPARIAN ZONES IN URBANIZING WATERSHEDS BY TARA KIMBERLY the watershed, however, is not well understood. Nitrate in groundwater moving through the "biologically active and geomorphology of riparian zones, potentially changing riparian groundwater denitrification capacity. Little work
Competitive Acquisition of Prioritizable Capacity-Based Ancillary Services
1 Competitive Acquisition of Prioritizable Capacity-Based Ancillary Services Gianfranco Chicco the competitive procurement of capacity-based ancillary services (AS) in unbundled markets by the Independent Grid.t Index Terms simultaneous auctions, ancillary service provision, independent grid operator
ORIGINAL ARTICLE Effect of Different Sitting Postures on Lung Capacity,
Makhsous, Mohsen
ORIGINAL ARTICLE Effect of Different Sitting Postures on Lung Capacity, Expiratory Flow, and Lumbar, Makhsous M. Effect of different sitting postures on lung capacity, expiratory flow, and lumbar lordosis. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2006;87:504-9. Objective: To investigate the effect of sitting posture on lung
Asymptotic entanglement capacity of the Ising and anisotropic Heisenberg interactions
Childs, A M; Verstraete, F; Vidal, G
2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We compute the asymptotic entanglement capacity of the Ising interaction ZZ, the anisotropic Heisenberg interaction XX + YY, and more generally, any two-qubit Hamiltonian with normal form K = a XX + b YY. We also describe an entanglement assisted classical communication protocol using the Hamiltonian K with rate equal to the asymptotic entanglement capacity.
Prediction methods for capacity of drag anchors in clayey soils
Yoon, Yeo Hoon
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A drag anchor is a marine foundation element, which is penetrated into the seabed by dragging in order to generate a required capacity. The holding capacity of a drag anchor in a particular soil condition is developed by soil resistance acting...
IEED Tribal Energy Development to Build Tribal Energy Development Capacity
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The Assistant Secretary - Indian Affairs for the U.S. Department of the Interior, through the Office of Indian Energy and Economic Development, is soliciting grant proposals from Indian tribes to build tribal capacity for energy resource development or management under the Department of the Interior's (DOl's) Tribal Energy Development Capacity (TEDC) grant program.
Storage Capacity of the Exponential Correlation Associative Memory
Hancock, Edwin
In this paper we analyze the pattern storage capacity of the exponential correlation asso- ciative memory(ECAM of the ECAM when presented with corrupted input patterns. Our model leads to an expression for the storage capacity of the ECAM both in terms of the length of the bit-patterns and the probabil- ity of bit
Outage and Capacity Analysis of Cellular CDMA With Admission Control
Chockalingam, A.
Outage and Capacity Analysis of Cellular CDMA With Admission Control S. AnandÝ , A. Chockalingam. Ltd., Bangalore, INDIA Abstract-- We analyze the outage and capacity performance of an interference based admission control strategy in cellular CDMA systems. Most approaches to estimate the outage
On the Capacity of Hybrid Wireless Networks Benyuan Liu
Massachusetts at Amherst, University of
On the Capacity of Hybrid Wireless Networks Benyuan Liu , Zhen Liu + , Don Towsley Department 704 Yorktown Heights, NY 10598 Abstract-- We study the throughput capacity of hybrid wireless networks stations are assumed to be connected by a high-bandwidth wired network and act as relays for wireless nodes
A Framework for the Capacity Evaluation of Multihop Wireless Networks
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
A Framework for the Capacity Evaluation of Multihop Wireless Networks Herv´e Rivano CNRS - INRIA and localized CDS. Index Terms--network capacity, multihop wireless networks, upper and lower bounds, linear programing I. INTRODUCTION Ad hoc networks are spontaneous multihop topologies of wireless nodes
Up- and down-quark masses from finite-energy QCD sum rules to five loops
Dominguez, C. A.; Nasrallah, N. F.; Roentsch, R. H.; Schilcher, K. [Centre for Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch 7700 (South Africa) and Department of Physics, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch 7600 (South Africa); Faculty of Science, Lebanese University, Tripoli (Lebanon); Centre for Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch 7700 (South Africa); Institut fuer Physik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet, Staudingerweg 7, D-55099 Mainz (Germany)
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The up- and down-quark masses are determined from an optimized QCD finite-energy sum rule involving the correlator of axial-vector divergences, to five-loop order in perturbative QCD, and including leading nonperturbative QCD and higher order quark-mass corrections. This finite-energy sum rule is designed to reduce considerably the systematic uncertainties arising from the (unmeasured) hadronic resonance sector, which in this framework contributes less than 3-4% to the quark mass. This is achieved by introducing an integration kernel in the form of a second degree polynomial, restricted to vanish at the peak of the two lowest lying resonances. The driving hadronic contribution is then the pion pole, with parameters well known from experiment. The determination is done in the framework of contour improved perturbation theory, which exhibits a very good convergence, leading to a remarkably stable result in the unusually wide window s{sub 0}=1.0-4.0 GeV{sup 2}, where s{sub 0} is the radius of the integration contour in the complex energy (squared) plane. The results are m{sub u}(Q=2 GeV)=2.9{+-}0.2 MeV, m{sub d}(Q=2 GeV)=5.3{+-}0.4 MeV, and (m{sub u}+m{sub d})/2=4.1{+-}0.2 MeV (at a scale Q=2 GeV)
Li, Wei-Chiang; Lin, Che; Chi, Chong-Yung
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper considers weighted sum rate maximization of multiuser multiple-input single-output interference channel (MISO-IFC) under outage constraints. The outage-constrained weighted sum rate maximization problem is a nonconvex optimization problem and is difficult to solve. While it is possible to optimally deal with this problem in an exhaustive search manner by finding all the Pareto-optimal rate tuples in the (discretized) outage-constrained achievable rate region, this approach, however, suffers from a prohibitive computational complexity and is feasible only when the number of transmitter-receive pairs is small. In this paper, we propose a convex optimization based approximation method for efficiently handling the outage-constrained weighted sum rate maximization problem. The proposed approximation method consists of solving a sequence of convex optimization problems, and thus can be efficiently implemented by interior-point methods. Simulation results show that the proposed method can yield near-optim...
Power series with sum-product Taylor coefficients and their resurgence algebra
Ecalle, Jean
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The present paper is devoted to power series of SP type, i.e. with coefficients that are syntactically sum-product combinations. Apart from their applications to analytic knot theory and the so-called "Volume Conjecture'', SP-series are interesting in their own right, on at least four accounts: (i) they generate quite distinctive resurgence algebras (ii) they are one of those relatively rare instances when the resurgence properties have to be derived directly from the Taylor coefficients (iii) some of them produce singularities that unexpectedly verify finite-order differential equations (iv) all of them are best handled with the help of two remarkable, infinite-order integral-differential transforms, "mir" and "nir".
Theoretical study of sum-frequency vibrational spectroscopy on limonene surface
Zheng, Ren-Hui, E-mail: zrh@iccas.ac.cn; Liu, Hao; Jing, Yuan-Yuan; Wang, Bo-Yang; Shi, Qiang [Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, State Key Laboratory for Structural Chemistry of Unstable and Stable Species, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Zhongguancun, Beijing 100190 (China)] [Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, State Key Laboratory for Structural Chemistry of Unstable and Stable Species, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Zhongguancun, Beijing 100190 (China); Wei, Wen-Mei [Department of Chemistry, College of Basic Medicine, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui 230032 (China)] [Department of Chemistry, College of Basic Medicine, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui 230032 (China)
2014-03-14T23:59:59.000Z
By combining molecule dynamics (MD) simulation and quantum chemistry computation, we calculate the surface sum-frequency vibrational spectroscopy (SFVS) of R-limonene molecules at the gas-liquid interface for SSP, PPP, and SPS polarization combinations. The distributions of the Euler angles are obtained using MD simulation, the ?-distribution is between isotropic and Gaussian. Instead of the MD distributions, different analytical distributions such as the ?-function, Gaussian and isotropic distributions are applied to simulate surface SFVS. We find that different distributions significantly affect the absolute SFVS intensity and also influence on relative SFVS intensity, and the ?-function distribution should be used with caution when the orientation distribution is broad. Furthermore, the reason that the SPS signal is weak in reflected arrangement is discussed.
Bratlie, Kaitlin M.; Komvopoulos, Kyriakos; Somorjai, Gabor A.
2008-02-22T23:59:59.000Z
Pyridine hydrogenation in the presence of a surface monolayer consisting of cubic Pt nanoparticles stabilized by tetradecyltrimethylammonium bromide (TTAB) was investigated by sum frequency generation (SFG) vibrational spectroscopy using total internal reflection (TIR) geometry. TIR-SFG spectra analysis revealed that a pyridinium cation (C{sub 5}H{sub 5}NH{sup +}) forms during pyridine hydrogenation on the Pt nanoparticle surface, and the NH group in the C{sub 5}H{sub 5}NH{sup +} cation becomes more hydrogen bound with the increase of the temperature. In addition, the surface coverage of the cation decreases with the increase of the temperature. An important contribution of this study is the in situ identification of reaction intermediates adsorbed on the Pt nanoparticle monolayer during pyridine hydrogenation.
Heavy-to-light form factors: sum rules on the light cone and beyond
Wolfgang Lucha; Dmitri Melikhov; Silvano Simula
2007-04-12T23:59:59.000Z
We report the first systematic analysis of the off-light-cone effects in sum rules for heavy-to-light form factors. These effects are investigated in a model based on scalar constituents, which allows a technically rather simple analysis but has the essential features of the analogous QCD calculation. The correlator relevant for the extraction of the heavy-to-light form factor is calculated in two different ways: first, by adopting the full Bethe-Salpeter amplitude of the light meson and, second, by performing the expansion of this amplitude near the light cone $x^2=0$. We demonstrate that the contributions to the correlator from the light-cone term $x^2=0$ and the off-light-cone terms $x^2\
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Malila, Jussi [Department of Applied Physics, University of Eastern Finland, Finland; McGraw, Robert [Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Laaksonen, Ari [Department of Applied Physics, University of Eastern Finland, Finland; Finnish Meteorological Institute, Climate Research, Finland; Lehtinen, Kari E. J. [Department of Applied Physics, University of Eastern Finland, Finland; Finnish Meteorological Institute, Atmospheric Research Centre of Eastern Finland, Finland
2015-01-07T23:59:59.000Z
Despite recent advances in monitoring nucleation from a vapor at close-to-molecular resolution, the identity of the critical cluster, forming the bottleneck for the nucleation process, remains elusive. During past twenty years, the first nucleation theorem has been often used to extract the size of the critical cluster from nucleation rate measurements. However, derivations of the first nucleation theorem invoke certain questionable assumptions that may fail, e.g., in the case of atmospheric new particle formation, including absence of subcritical cluster losses and heterogeneous nucleation on pre-existing nanoparticles. Here we extend the kinetic derivation of the first nucleation theorem to give a general framework to include such processes, yielding sum rules connecting the size dependent particle formation and loss rates to the corresponding loss-free nucleation rate and the apparent critical size from a naïve application of the first nucleation theorem that neglects them.
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Malila, Jussi; McGraw, Robert; Laaksonen, Ari; Lehtinen, Kari E. J.
2015-01-07T23:59:59.000Z
Despite recent advances in monitoring nucleation from a vapor at close-to-molecular resolution, the identity of the critical cluster, forming the bottleneck for the nucleation process, remains elusive. During past twenty years, the first nucleation theorem has been often used to extract the size of the critical cluster from nucleation rate measurements. However, derivations of the first nucleation theorem invoke certain questionable assumptions that may fail, e.g., in the case of atmospheric new particle formation, including absence of subcritical cluster losses and heterogeneous nucleation on pre-existing nanoparticles. Here we extend the kinetic derivation of the first nucleation theorem to give amore »general framework to include such processes, yielding sum rules connecting the size dependent particle formation and loss rates to the corresponding loss-free nucleation rate and the apparent critical size from a naïve application of the first nucleation theorem that neglects them.« less
,"U.S. Underground Natural Gas Storage Capacity"
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
32015 8:21:06 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Underground Natural Gas Storage Capacity" "Sourcekey","N5290US2","NA1393NUS2","NA1392NUS2","NA1391NUS2","NGAEP...
High capacity stabilized complex hydrides for hydrogen storage
Zidan, Ragaiy; Mohtadi, Rana F; Fewox, Christopher; Sivasubramanian, Premkumar
2014-11-11T23:59:59.000Z
Complex hydrides based on Al(BH.sub.4).sub.3 are stabilized by the presence of one or more additional metal elements or organic adducts to provide high capacity hydrogen storage material.
Saudi production capacity climbing to 10 million b/d
Not Available
1994-07-11T23:59:59.000Z
Saudi Arabia this year is completing its expansion of production capacity and developing recent discoveries to enhance export flexibility. The 3 million b/d capacity expansion to 10 million b/d, announced in 1989, is on target for completion by year end 1994. Most of the effort involves restoration of mothballed production equipment and installation of several gas-oil separation plants (GOSPs) in existing fields. But Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco) also this year will start up production of extra-light oil from a new field in the central part of the kingdom. Start-up of Hawtah area production demonstrates success of an oil search Aramco began after receiving exclusive exploration rights to nearly all of Saudi Arabia's prospective area in 1986. From new fields and traditional producing areas, therefore, Saudi Arabia has the potential to expand production capacity beyond 10 million b/d. The paper describes the development of the extra capacity.
Development of large-capacity gas-insulated transformer
Takahashi, E.; Tanaka, K. [Tokyo Electric Power Co., Ltd. (Japan)] [Tokyo Electric Power Co., Ltd. (Japan); Toda, K.; Ikeda, M.; Teranishi, T.; Inaba, M.; Yanari, T. [Toshiba Corp., Kawasaki (Japan)] [Toshiba Corp., Kawasaki (Japan)
1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
Concentrations of population and business activities result in high electricity demand in urban areas. This requires the construction of large-capacity underground substations. Oilless, non-flammable and non-explosive equipment is recommended for underground substations. Therefore, several types of large-capacity gas-insulated transformer have been developed. Because the gas forced cooling type was considered to be available up to approximately 60 MVA, all of these gas-insulated transformers are liquid cooled. But the liquid cooling type has the disadvantage of a complex structure for liquid cooling. For this reason, the authors have been studying the development of a simple design for a gas forced cooling, large-capacity gas-insulated transformer. This paper discusses research and development of cooling and insulation technology for a large-capacity gas-insulated transformer and the development of a 275 kV, 300 MVA gas-insulated transformer.
Information Capacity of an Energy Harvesting Sensor Node
Viswanath, Pramod
practical architectures. Our main result is the characterization of the Shannon capacity. INTRODUCTION Sensor nodes are often deployed for monitoring a random field. These nodes are characterized by limited battery power, computational resources and storage space. Once deployed, the battery
Indonesia Power Generation Capacity is Estimated to Reach 90...
Indonesia Power Generation Capacity is Estimated to Reach 90.1 GW by 2022 Home > Groups > Renewable Energy RFPs Wayne31jan's picture Submitted by Wayne31jan(150) Contributor 23...
Global Installed Capacity of Coal Fired Power Generation to Reach...
Global Installed Capacity of Coal Fired Power Generation to Reach 2,057.6 GW by 2019 Home > Groups > Increase Natural Gas Energy Efficiency John55364's picture Submitted by...
Biomass Power Generation Market Capacity is Estimated to Reach...
Biomass Power Generation Market Capacity is Estimated to Reach 122,331.6 MW by 2022 Home > Groups > Renewable Energy RFPs Wayne31jan's picture Submitted by Wayne31jan(150)...
Capacity planning and change management in an aerospace overhaul cell
Walker, David, M.B.A. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Purpose - This thesis analyzes the transformation of the Small Components Cell in Pratt & Whitney's aftermarket division through lean manufacturing techniques. The thesis focuses on use of a labor capacity planning model, ...
"Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
its "Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in the Northeast United States" report. The report is now available for downloading. In 2005-06, the Office of...
Minimum Cost Capacity Installation for Multicommodity Network Flows \\Lambda
Bienstock, Daniel
Capacity Installation (MCCI) problem. Applications of MCCI are commonly seen in the design for MCCI and then we transform this for mulation to a lower dimensional space by projecting out all
Creative agencies : a model for building community capacity
Ramaccia, Elizabeth M. (Elizabeth Marie)
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This research investigates how existing initiatives based in artistic and non-artistic disciplines build indigenous capacity for leadership in disenfranchised communities through the application of the creative process. ...
Why Are We Talking About Capacity Markets? (Presentation)
Milligan, M.
2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
Capacity markets represent a new and novel way to achieve greater economic use of variable generation assets such as wind and solar, and this concept is discussed in this presentation.
Fail Safe Design for Large Capacity Lithium-ion Batteries
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Fail Safe Design for Large Capacity Lithium-ion Batteries NREL Commercialization & Tech Transfer Webinar March 27, 2011 Gi-Heon Kim gi-heon.kim@nrel.gov John Ireland, Kyu-Jin Lee,...
Table 2. Ten largest plants by generation capacity, 2013
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
District of Columbia" ,"Plant","Primary energy source","Operating company","Net summer capacity (MW)" 1,"US GSA Heating and Transmission","Natural gas","US GSA Heating and...
Capacity Requirements to Support Inter-Balancing Area Wind Delivery
Kirby, B.; Milligan, M.
2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
Paper examines the capacity requirements that arise as wind generation is integrated into the power system and how those requirements change depending on where the wind energy is delivered.
On the Capacity of Cognitive Relay assisted Gaussian Interference Channel
Jafar, Syed A.
On the Capacity of Cognitive Relay assisted Gaussian Interference Channel Sriram Sridharan, Sriram: srid- hara@ece.utexas.edu; sriram@ece.utexas.edu). S. Sridharan and S. Vish- wanath are supported
On the Capacity of Vector Gaussian Interference Channels Sriram Vishwanath
Jafar, Syed A.
On the Capacity of Vector Gaussian Interference Channels Sriram Vishwanath Electrical and Computer Engineering Univ. of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712 e-mail: sriram@ece.utexas.edu Syed Ali Jafar Electrical
Development of operations based long range network capacity planning models
Wilson, Cynthia M. (Cynthia Marie)
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Planning for vaccines manufacturing capacity is both a complex task requiring many inputs and an important function of manufacturers to ensure the supply of vaccines that prevent life-threatening illnesses. This thesis ...
Dynamics of social contagions with limited contact capacity
Wang, Wei; Zhu, Yu-Xiao; Tang, Ming; Zhang, Yi-Cheng
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Individuals are always limited by some inelastic resources, such as time and energy, which restrict them to dedicate to social interaction and limit their contact capacity. Contact capacity plays an important role in dynamics of social contagions, which so far has eluded theoretical analysis. In this paper, we first propose a non-Markovian model to understand the effects of contact capacity on social contagions, in which each individual can only contact and transmit the information to a finite number of neighbors. We then develop a heterogeneous edge-based compartmental theory for this model, and a remarkable agreement with simulations is obtained. Through theory and simulations, we find that enlarging the contact capacity makes the network more fragile to behavior spreading. Interestingly, we find that both the continuous and discontinuous dependence of the final adoption size on the information transmission probability can arise. And there is a crossover phenomenon between the two types of dependence. More ...
The multicast capacity region of large wireless networks
Shah, Devavrat
We study the problem of determining the multicast capacity region of a wireless network of n nodes randomly located in an extended area and communicating with each other over Gaussian fading channels. We obtain an explicit ...
Predictive capacity planning modeling with tactical and strategic applications
Zeppieri, Michael A. (Michael Anthony), 1975-
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The focus of my internship was the development of a predictive capacity planning model to characterize the storage requirements and space utilization for Amazon's Campbellsville (SDF) Fulfillment Center (FC). Amazon currently ...
Real options approach to capacity planning under uncertainty
Mittal, Geetanjali, 1979-
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis highlights the effectiveness of Real Options Analysis (ROA) in capacity planning decisions for engineering projects subject to uncertainty. This is in contrast to the irreversible decision-making proposed by ...
Offshore Wind Energy Market Installed Capacity is Anticipated...
Offshore Wind Energy Market Installed Capacity is Anticipated to Reach 52,120.9 MW by 2022 Home > Groups > Renewable Energy RFPs Wayne31jan's picture Submitted by Wayne31jan(150)...
Creative capacity building in post-conflict Uganda
Taha, Kofi A. (Kofi Abdul Malik)
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Creative Capacity Building (CCB) is a methodology that emphasizes the ability of people living in poverty to create livelihood technologies, i.e., machines and tools that increase income, improve health and safety, decrease ...
Nitrogen expander cycles for large capacity liquefaction of natural gas
Chang, Ho-Myung; Park, Jae Hoon; Gwak, Kyung Hyun [Hong Ik University, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Seoul, 121-791 (Korea, Republic of); Choe, Kun Hyung [Korea Gas Corporation, Incheon, 406-130 (Korea, Republic of)
2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z
Thermodynamic study is performed on nitrogen expander cycles for large capacity liquefaction of natural gas. In order to substantially increase the capacity, a Brayton refrigeration cycle with nitrogen expander was recently added to the cold end of the reputable propane pre-cooled mixed-refrigerant (C3-MR) process. Similar modifications with a nitrogen expander cycle are extensively investigated on a variety of cycle configurations. The existing and modified cycles are simulated with commercial process software (Aspen HYSYS) based on selected specifications. The results are compared in terms of thermodynamic efficiency, liquefaction capacity, and estimated size of heat exchangers. The combination of C3-MR with partial regeneration and pre-cooling of nitrogen expander cycle is recommended to have a great potential for high efficiency and large capacity.
Tri-Laboratory Linux Capacity Cluster 2007 SOW
Seager, M
2007-03-22T23:59:59.000Z
The Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) Program (formerly know as Accelerated Strategic Computing Initiative, ASCI) has led the world in capability computing for the last ten years. Capability computing is defined as a world-class platform (in the Top10 of the Top500.org list) with scientific simulations running at scale on the platform. Example systems are ASCI Red, Blue-Pacific, Blue-Mountain, White, Q, RedStorm, and Purple. ASC applications have scaled to multiple thousands of CPUs and accomplished a long list of mission milestones on these ASC capability platforms. However, the computing demands of the ASC and Stockpile Stewardship programs also include a vast number of smaller scale runs for day-to-day simulations. Indeed, every 'hero' capability run requires many hundreds to thousands of much smaller runs in preparation and post processing activities. In addition, there are many aspects of the Stockpile Stewardship Program (SSP) that can be directly accomplished with these so-called 'capacity' calculations. The need for capacity is now so great within the program that it is increasingly difficult to allocate the computer resources required by the larger capability runs. To rectify the current 'capacity' computing resource shortfall, the ASC program has allocated a large portion of the overall ASC platforms budget to 'capacity' systems. In addition, within the next five to ten years the Life Extension Programs (LEPs) for major nuclear weapons systems must be accomplished. These LEPs and other SSP programmatic elements will further drive the need for capacity calculations and hence 'capacity' systems as well as future ASC capability calculations on 'capability' systems. To respond to this new workload analysis, the ASC program will be making a large sustained strategic investment in these capacity systems over the next ten years, starting with the United States Government Fiscal Year 2007 (GFY07). However, given the growing need for 'capability' systems as well, the budget demands are extreme and new, more cost effective ways of fielding these systems must be developed. This Tri-Laboratory Linux Capacity Cluster (TLCC) procurement represents the ASC first investment vehicle in these capacity systems. It also represents a new strategy for quickly building, fielding and integrating many Linux clusters of various sizes into classified and unclassified production service through a concept of Scalable Units (SU). The programmatic objective is to dramatically reduce the overall Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) of these 'capacity' systems relative to the best practices in Linux Cluster deployments today. This objective only makes sense in the context of these systems quickly becoming very robust and useful production clusters under the crushing load that will be inflicted on them by the ASC and SSP scientific simulation capacity workload.
Introducing SummerTime: a package for high-precision computation of sums appearing in DRA method
Lee, Roman N
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce the Mathematica package SummerTime for arbitrary-precision computation of sums appearing in the results of DRA method. So far these results include the following families of the integrals: 3-loop onshell massless vertices, 3-loop onshell mass operator type integrals, 4-loop QED-type tadpoles, 4-loop massless propagators. The package can be used for high-precision numerical computation of the expansion coefficients of the integrals from the above families around arbitrary space-time dimension. In addition, this package can also be used for calculation of multiple zeta values, harmonic polylogarithms and other transcendental numbers expressed in terms of nested sums with factorized summand.
Introducing SummerTime: a package for high-precision computation of sums appearing in DRA method
Roman N. Lee; Kirill T. Mingulov
2015-07-15T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce the Mathematica package SummerTime for arbitrary-precision computation of sums appearing in the results of DRA method. So far these results include the following families of the integrals: 3-loop onshell massless vertices, 3-loop onshell mass operator type integrals, 4-loop QED-type tadpoles, 4-loop massless propagators. The package can be used for high-precision numerical computation of the expansion coefficients of the integrals from the above families around arbitrary space-time dimension. In addition, this package can also be used for calculation of multiple zeta values, harmonic polylogarithms and other transcendental numbers expressed in terms of nested sums with factorized summand.
Thomas Buchheim; Thomas Hilger; Burkhard Kampfer
2014-11-28T23:59:59.000Z
Wilson coefficients of light four-quark condensates in QCD sum rules are evaluated for pseudo-scalar $D$ mesons, thus, pushing the sum rules toward mass dimension six. Contrary to the situation for $\\bar{q}q$ mesons the impact of the four-quark condensates for vacuum as well as in-medium situations is found to be rather small within the Borel window used in previous analyses. The complete four-quark condensate contributions enable to identify candidates for an order parameter of spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking/restoration as well as to evaluate stability criteria of operator product expansions.
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Yan, Xin -Hu; Ye, Yun -Xiu; Chen, Jian -Ping; Lu, Hai -Jiang; Zhu, Peng -Jia; Jiang, Feng -Jian
2015-07-17T23:59:59.000Z
The radiation and ionization energy loss are presented for single arm Monte Carlo simulation for the GDH sum rule experiment in Hall-A at Jefferson Lab. Radiation and ionization energy loss are discussed for $^{12}C$ elastic scattering simulation. The relative momentum ratio $\\frac{\\Delta p}{p}$ and $^{12}C$ elastic cross section are compared without and with radiation energy loss and a reasonable shape is obtained by the simulation. The total energy loss distribution is obtained, showing a Landau shape for $^{12}C$ elastic scattering. This simulation work will give good support for radiation correction analysis of the GDH sum rule experiment.
Classical capacity of Gaussian communication under a single noisy channel
Jaehak Lee; Se-Wan Ji; Jiyong Park; Hyunchul Nha
2015-05-06T23:59:59.000Z
A long-standing problem on the classical capacity of bosonic Gaussian channels has recently been resolved by proving the minimum output entropy conjecture. It is also known that the ultimate capacity quantified by the Holevo bound can be achieved asymptotically by using an infinite number of channels. However, it is less understood to what extent the communication capacity can be reached if one uses a finite number of channels, which is a topic of practical importance. In this paper, we study the capacity of Gaussian communication, i.e., employing Gaussian states and Gaussian measurements to encode and decode information under a single-channel use. We prove that the optimal capacity of single-channel Gaussian communication is achieved by one of two well-known protocols, i.e., coherent-state communication or squeezed-state communication, depending on the energy (number of photons) as well as the characteristics of the channel. Our result suggests that the coherent-state scheme known to achieve the ultimate information-theoretic capacity is not a practically optimal scheme for the case of using a finite number of channels. We find that overall the squeezed-state communication is optimal in a small-photon-number regime whereas the coherent-state communication performs better in a large-photon-number regime.
Tracking Progress Last updated 10/7/2013 Installed Capacity 1
Tracking Progress Last updated 10/7/2013 Installed Capacity 1 Installed Capacity The capacities 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Capacity (MW) Wind Solar Small Hydro Large Hydro Reporting #12;Tracking Progress Last updated 10/7/2013 Installed Capacity 2 Table 1 provides the data
Determining the Capacity Value of Wind: An Updated Survey of Methods and Implementation; Preprint
Milligan, M.; Porter, K.
2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper summarizes state and regional studies examining the capacity value of wind energy, how different regions define and implement capacity reserve requirements, and how wind energy is defined as a capacity resource in those regions.
Impact of Salt Purity on Interfacial Water Organization Revealed by Conventional and Heterodyne of the chosen salts and their solutions. This is true not only for the ACS grade salts but also vibrational sum frequency generation (VSFG) and heterodyne-detected VSFG (HD-VSFG) spectroscopy that salt
SumTime-Turbine: A Knowledge-Based System to Communicate Gas Turbine Time-Series Data
Reiter, Ehud
SumTime-Turbine: A Knowledge-Based System to Communicate Gas Turbine Time-Series Data Jin Yu produces textual summaries of archived time- series data from gas turbines. These summaries should help evaluated. 1 Introduction In order to get the most out of gas turbines, TIGER [2] has been developed
Tolbert, Leon M.
of solar cells are dc voltages, and if this energy is to be fed to into an ac power grid, a powerThe Use of Power Sums to Solve the Harmonic Elimination Equations for Multilevel Converters EPE electronic interface is required. A multilevel inverter is ideal for connecting such distributed dc energy
Siu, M.K.
1 Looking at HPM (History and Pedagogy of Mathematics) through an old chestnut: Sum of the angles example from the perspective of HPM (History and Pedagogy of Mathematics). 1. Introduction In school. The discussion will be related to the wider context of HPM (History and Pedagogy of Mathematics) in Section 4
Uptake and Surface Reaction of Methanol by Sulfuric Acid Solutions Investigated by Vibrational SumVised Manuscript ReceiVed: June 4, 2008 The uptake of methanol at the air-liquid interface of 0-96.5 wt % sulfuric methanol and H2SO4 to form methyl hydrogen sulfate. The surface is saturated with the methyl species after
Pomorska, Bozena
.p. energy space (e-folding). An alternative way of obtaining of the smooth energy by folding of the singleDIFFERENCE OF THE AVERAGE SINGLE-PARTICLE ENERGY SUMS OBTAINED BY SMOOTHING IN ENERGY AND PARTICLE the smooth energy of nucleus is obtained by folding of the single-particle (s.p.) energy density in the s
Solving Random Subset Sum Problem by lp-norm SVP Gengran Hu, Yanbin Pan and Feng Zhang
International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)
Solving Random Subset Sum Problem by lp-norm SVP Oracle Gengran Hu, Yanbin Pan and Feng Zhang Key, it is a long standing open problem to solve the RSSP instances with density 1 using the lattice l2-norm SVP be solved with an l2-norm SVP oracle by Lagarias and Odlyzko. Later, Coster et al. improved the bound to 0
LG to DOE General Counsel; Re:Request for Comment on Large Capacity...
Capacity Clothes Washers LG response to DOE's request for information regarding alternative test procedures for large-capacity clothes washer models, December 7, 2010. After...
Sequence Logos, Machine/Channel Capacity, Maxwell's Demon, and Molecular Computers: a Review of the
Schneider, Thomas D.
Sequence Logos, Machine/Channel Capacity, Maxwell's Demon, and Molecular Computers: a Review. D. Schneider. Sequence logos, machine/channel capacity, Maxwell's demon, and molecular computers
March 25 Webinar to Focus on Building Tribal Capacity to Deploy...
March 25 Webinar to Focus on Building Tribal Capacity to Deploy Strategic Energy Plans and Guide Project Development Decisions March 25 Webinar to Focus on Building Tribal Capacity...
Qin, Hong; Phillips, Cynthia K.; Davidson, Ronald C.
2008-02-20T23:59:59.000Z
We welcome the Comment by Lerche et al on our recent paper titled "A new derivation of the plasma susceptibility tensor for a hot magnetized plasma without infinite sums of products of Bessel functions." The Comment brings up additional historical facts about previous research on the infinite sums of products of Bessel functions appearing in the plasma susceptibility.
Plug and Process Loads Capacity and Power Requirements Analysis
Sheppy, M.; Gentile-Polese, L.
2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report addresses gaps in actionable knowledge that would help reduce the plug load capacities designed into buildings. Prospective building occupants and real estate brokers lack accurate references for plug and process load (PPL) capacity requirements, so they often request 5-10 W/ft2 in their lease agreements. Limited initial data, however, suggest that actual PPL densities in leased buildings are substantially lower. Overestimating PPL capacity leads designers to oversize electrical infrastructure and cooling systems. Better guidance will enable improved sizing and design of these systems, decrease upfront capital costs, and allow systems to operate more energy efficiently. The main focus of this report is to provide industry with reliable, objective third-party guidance to address the information gap in typical PPL densities for commercial building tenants. This could drive changes in negotiations about PPL energy demands.
Bounds on the outage-constrained capacity region of space-division multiple-access radio systems
Jin, Haipeng; Acampora, A
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Broadcast Channels - Part I: Outage Capacity,” IEEE Trans.Bounds on the Outage-Constrained Capacity Region of Spacethe capacity limit as an outage region rates contained
Precision calculation of threshold pi^- d scattering, pi N scattering lengths, and the GMO sum rule
V. Baru; C. Hanhart; M. Hoferichter; B. Kubis; A. Nogga; D. R. Phillips
2011-10-14T23:59:59.000Z
We use chiral perturbation theory (ChPT) to calculate the $\\pi^- d$ scattering length with an accuracy of a few percent, including isospin-violating corrections both in the two- and three-body sector. In particular, we provide the technical details of a recent letter, where we used data on pionic deuterium and pionic hydrogen atoms to extract the isoscalar and isovector pion-nucleon scattering lengths $a^+$ and $a^-$. We study isospin-breaking contributions to the three-body part of $a_{\\pi^-d}$ due to mass differences, isospin violation in the $\\pi N$ scattering lengths, and virtual photons. This last class of effects is ostensibly infrared enhanced due to the smallness of the deuteron binding energy. However, we show that the leading virtual-photon effects that might undergo such enhancement cancel, and hence the standard ChPT counting provides a reliable estimate of isospin violation in $a_{\\pi^- d}$ due to virtual photons. Finally, we discuss the validity of the Goldberger-Miyazawa-Oehme sum rule in the presence of isospin violation, and use it to determine the charged-pion-nucleon coupling constant.
Precision calculation of threshold pi^- d scattering, pi N scattering lengths, and the GMO sum rule
Baru, V; Hoferichter, M; Kubis, B; Nogga, A; Phillips, D R
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We use chiral perturbation theory (ChPT) to calculate the $\\pi^- d$ scattering length with an accuracy of a few percent, including isospin-violating corrections both in the two- and three-body sector. In particular, we provide the technical details of a recent letter, where we used data on pionic deuterium and pionic hydrogen atoms to extract the isoscalar and isovector pion-nucleon scattering lengths $a^+$ and $a^-$. We study isospin-breaking contributions to the three-body part of $a_{\\pi^-d}$ due to mass differences, isospin violation in the $\\pi N$ scattering lengths, and virtual photons. This last class of effects is ostensibly infrared enhanced due to the smallness of the deuteron binding energy. However, we show that the leading virtual-photon effects that might undergo such enhancement cancel, and hence the standard ChPT counting provides a reliable estimate of isospin violation in $a_{\\pi^- d}$ due to virtual photons. Finally, we discuss the validity of the Goldberger-Miyazawa-Oehme sum rule in the p...
Convergence of Weighted Min-Sum Decoding Via Dynamic Programming on Trees
Jian, Yung-Yih
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Applying the max-product (and belief-propagation) algorithms to loopy graphs is now quite popular for best assignment problems. This is largely due to their low computational complexity and impressive performance in practice. Still, there is no general understanding of the conditions required for convergence and/or the optimality of converged solutions. This paper presents an analysis of both attenuated max-product (AMP) decoding and weighted min-sum (WMS) decoding for LDPC codes which guarantees convergence to a fixed point when a weight parameter, {\\beta}, is sufficiently small. It also shows that, if the fixed point satisfies some consistency conditions, then it must be both the linear-programming (LP) and maximum-likelihood (ML) solution. For (dv,dc)-regular LDPC codes, the weight must satisfy {\\beta}(dv-1) \\leq 1 whereas the results proposed by Frey and Koetter require instead that {\\beta}(dv-1)(dc-1) 1 is also given. Finally, connections are explored with recent work by Arora et al. on the threshold of...
GPU-Based Heuristic Solver for Linear Sum Assignment Problems Under Real-time Constraints
Roverso, Roberto; El-Beltagy, Mohammed; El-Ansary, Sameh
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we modify a fast heuristic solver for the Linear Sum Assignment Problem (LSAP) for use on Graphical Processing Units (GPUs). The motivating scenario is an industrial application for P2P live streaming that is moderated by a central node which is periodically solving LSAP instances for assigning peers to one another. The central node needs to handle LSAP instances involving thousands of peers in as near to real-time as possible. Our findings are generic enough to be applied in other contexts. Our main result is a parallel version of a heuristic algorithm called Deep Greedy Switching (DGS) on GPUs using the CUDA programming language. DGS sacrifices absolute optimality in favor of low computation time and was designed as an alternative to classical LSAP solvers such as the Hungarian and auctioning methods. The contribution of the paper is threefold: First, we present the process of trial and error we went through, in the hope that our experience will be beneficial to adopters of GPU programming for...
Roy, S.; Gruenbaum, S. M.; Skinner, J. L. [Theoretical Chemistry Institute and Department of Chemistry, 1101 University Ave., University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States)
2014-11-14T23:59:59.000Z
Understanding the structure of water near cell membranes is crucial for characterizing water-mediated events such as molecular transport. To obtain structural information of water near a membrane, it is useful to have a surface-selective technique that can probe only interfacial water molecules. One such technique is vibrational sum-frequency generation (VSFG) spectroscopy. As model systems for studying membrane headgroup/water interactions, in this paper we consider lipid and surfactant monolayers on water. We adopt a theoretical approach combining molecular dynamics simulations and phase-sensitive VSFG to investigate water structure near these interfaces. Our simulated spectra are in qualitative agreement with experiments and reveal orientational ordering of interfacial water molecules near cationic, anionic, and zwitterionic interfaces. OH bonds of water molecules point toward an anionic interface leading to a positive VSFG peak, whereas the water hydrogen atoms point away from a cationic interface leading to a negative VSFG peak. Coexistence of these two interfacial water species is observed near interfaces between water and mixtures of cationic and anionic lipids, as indicated by the presence of both negative and positive peaks in their VSFG spectra. In the case of a zwitterionic interface, OH orientation is toward the interface on the average, resulting in a positive VSFG peak.
Thermal behavior of Charmonium in the vector channel from QCD sum rules
Dominguez, C. A. [Centre for Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch 7700 (South Africa); Department of Physics, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch 7600 (South Africa); Loewe, M. [Facultad de Fisica, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Casilla 306, Santiago 22 (Chile); Rojas, J. C. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad Catolica del Norte, Casilla 1280, Antofagasta (Chile); Zhang, Y. [Centre for Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch 7700 (South Africa)
2010-11-12T23:59:59.000Z
The thermal evolution of the hadronic parameters of charmonium in the vector channel, i.e. the J/{Psi} resonance mass, coupling (leptonic decay constant), total width, and continuum threshold are analyzed in the framework of thermal Hilbert moment QCD sum rules. The continuum threshold s{sub 0} has the same behavior as in all other hadronic channels, i.e. it decreases with increasing temperature until the PQCD threshold s{sub 0} = 4m{sub Q}{sup 2} is reached at T{approx_equal}1.22T{sub c}(m{sub Q} is the charm quark mass). The other hadronic parameters behave in a very different way from those of light-light and heavy-light quark systems. The J/{Psi} mass is essentially constant in a wide range of temperatures, while the total width grows with temperature up to T{approx_equal}1.04T{sub c} beyond which it decreases sharply with increasing T. The resonance coupling is also initially constant beginning to increase monotonically around T{approx_equal}T{sub c}. This behavior of the total width and of the leptonic decay constant is a strong indication that the J/{Psi} resonance might survive beyond the critical temperature for deconfinement, in agreement with some recent lattice QCD results.
Charmonium in the vector channel at finite temperature from QCD sum rules
Dominguez, C. A. [Centre for Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch 7700 (South Africa); Department of Physics, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch 7600 (South Africa); Loewe, M. [Facultad de Fisica, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Casilla 306, Santiago 22 (Chile); Rojas, J. C. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad Catolica del Norte, Casilla 1280, Antofagasta (Chile); Zhang, Y. [Centre for Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch 7700 (South Africa)
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Thermal Hilbert moment QCD sum rules are used to obtain the temperature dependence of the hadronic parameters of charmonium in the vector channel, i.e. the J/{psi} resonance mass, coupling (leptonic decay constant), total width, and continuum threshold. The continuum threshold s{sub 0}, which signals the end of the resonance region and the onset of perturbative QCD, behaves as in all other hadronic channels, i.e. it decreases with increasing temperature until it reaches the perturbative QCD threshold s{sub 0}=4m{sub Q}{sup 2}, with m{sub Q} the charm quark mass, at T{approx_equal}1.22T{sub c}. The rest of the hadronic parameters behave very differently from those of light-light and heavy-light quark systems. The J/{psi} mass is essentially constant in a wide range of temperatures, while the total width grows with temperature up to T{approx_equal}1.04T{sub c} beyond which it decreases sharply with increasing T. The resonance coupling is also initially constant and then begins to increase monotonically around T{approx_equal}T{sub c}. This behavior of the total width and of the leptonic decay constant provides a strong indication that the J/{psi} resonance might survive beyond the critical temperature for deconfinement.
Page 1 of 7 ER100/PPC184/ER200/PPC284, Fall 2013 Total Points: 94 [ER100/PP184] or 149 [ER200/PP284
Kammen, Daniel M.
(estimate its shape as a regular prism). Assume a coal density of 2,200 kg/m3 and that coal- fired plants nameplate capacity of all coal-fired power plants in the United States is 343 GW. Given TOE)? [6 points] Combustion Stoichiometry 2. Coal and natural gas are the two chief forms of fossil
U.S. Underground Natural Gas Storage Capacity
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5(Million Cubic Feet) Oregon (Including Vehicle Fuel) (MillionStructural Basis of5, 2014 | Release Date:Production CapacityU.S.& BlenderCapacity in
Method of increasing the sulfation capacity of alkaline earth sorbents
Shearer, J.A.; Turner, C.B.; Johnson, I.
1980-03-13T23:59:59.000Z
A system and method for increasing the sulfation capacity of alkaline earth carbonates to scrub sulfur dioxide produced during the fluidized bed combustion of coal in which partially sulfated alkaline earth carbonates are hydrated in a fluidized bed to crack the sulfate coating and convert the alkaline earth oxide to the hydroxide. Subsequent dehydration of the sulfate-hydroxide to a sulfate-oxide particle produces particles having larger pore size, increased porosity, decreased grain size and additional sulfation capacity. A continuous process is disclosed.
World nuclear capacity and fuel cycle requirements, November 1993
Not Available
1993-11-30T23:59:59.000Z
This analysis report presents the current status and projections of nuclear capacity, generation, and fuel cycle requirements for all countries in the world using nuclear power to generate electricity for commercial use. Long-term projections of US nuclear capacity, generation, fuel cycle requirements, and spent fuel discharges for three different scenarios through 2030 are provided in support of the Department of Energy`s activities pertaining to the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 (as amended in 1987). The projections of uranium requirements also support the Energy Information Administration`s annual report, Domestic Uranium Mining and Milling Industry: Viability Assessment.
On the heat capacity of Ce{sub 3}Al
Singh, Durgesh, E-mail: durgeshkushinagar@gmail.com; Samatham, S. Shanmukharao, E-mail: durgeshkushinagar@gmail.com; Venkateshwarlu, D., E-mail: durgeshkushinagar@gmail.com; Gangrade, Mohan, E-mail: durgeshkushinagar@gmail.com; Ganesan, V., E-mail: durgeshkushinagar@gmail.com [UGC-DAE Consortium for Scientific Research, University Campus, Khandwa Road, Indore-452001, Madhya Pradesh (India)
2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z
Electrical resistivity and heat capacity measurements on Cerium based dense Kondo compound Ce{sub 3}Al have been reported. Clear signatures of first order structural transition at 108K, followed by a Kondo minimum and coherence are clearly seen in resistivity. The structural transition is robust and is not affected by magnetic fields. Heat capacity measurements reveal an anomalous enhancement in the heavy fermion character upon magnetic fields. Vollhardt invariance in specific heat C(T.H) curves have been observed at T=3.7K and at H ? 6T.
High-Capacity Sulfur Dioxide Absorbents for Diesel Emissions Control
Li, Liyu; King, David L.
2005-01-05T23:59:59.000Z
High capacity sulfur dioxide absorbents based on manganese oxide octahedral molecular sieves (OMS) have been identified. These materials are based on MnO6 octahedra sharing faces and edges to form various tunnel structures (2x2, 2x3, 2x4, 3x3) differentiated by the number of octahedra on a side. The SO2 capacities of these materials, measured at 325 C with a feed containing 250 ppmv SO2 in air, are as high as 70wt% (wt/wt), remarkably higher than conventional metal oxide-based SO2 absorbents. Among the OMS materials the 2x2 member, cryptomelane, exhibits the highest capacity and adsorption rate. Its SO2 absorption behavior has been further characterized as a function of temperature, space velocity, and feed composition. The dominant pathway for SO2 absorption is through the oxidation of SO2 to SO3 by Mn4+ followed by SO3 reaction with Mn2+ to form MnSO4. Absorption can occur in the absence of gas phase oxygen, with a moderate loss in overall capacity. The inclusion of reducible gases NO and CO in the feed does not reduce SO2 capacity. The absorption capacity decreases at high space velocity and lower absorption temperature, indicating the important role of diffusion of sulfate from the surface to the bulk of the material in order to reach full capacity. A color change of cryptomelane from black to yellow-brown after SO2 absorption can be used as an indicator of absorption progress. Cryptomelane can be synthesized using MnSO4 as a reagent. Therefore, after full SO2 absorption the product MnSO4 can be re-used as raw material for a subsequent cryptomelane synthesis. Cryptomelane has a similarly high capacity toward SO3, therefore it can be used for removal of all SOx species generated from a variety of combustion sources. Cryptomelane may find application as a replaceable absorbent for the removal of SOx from diesel truck exhaust, protecting downstream emissions control devices such as particulate filters and NOx traps.
Additivity of Entangled Channel Capacity for Quantum Input States
V. P. Belavkin; X. Dai
2007-02-10T23:59:59.000Z
An elementary introduction into algebraic approach to unified quantum information theory and operational approach to quantum entanglement as generalized encoding is given. After introducing compound quantum state and two types of informational divergences, namely, Araki-Umegaki (a-type) and of Belavkin-Staszewski (b-type) quantum relative entropic information, this paper treats two types of quantum mutual information via entanglement and defines two types of corresponding quantum channel capacities as the supremum via the generalized encodings. It proves the additivity property of quantum channel capacities via entanglement, which extends the earlier results of V. P. Belavkin to products of arbitrary quantum channels for quantum relative entropy of any type.
: Measurement of Battery Capacity in Mobile Robot Systems
Breu, Ruth
. These enhancements pose demanding operation conditions on the battery, emphasizing the importance of this com- ponentRoBM2 : Measurement of Battery Capacity in Mobile Robot Systems Nestor Lucas1 , Cosmin Codrea1. With battery driven robot systems performing very sophisti- cated tasks, increasing demands on the power supply
Assessing the Control Systems Capacity for Demand Response in
LBNL-5319E Assessing the Control Systems Capacity for Demand Response in California Industries in this report was coordinated by the Demand Response Research Center and funded by the California Energy of the Demand Response Research Center Industrial Controls Experts Working Group: · Jim Filanc, Southern
Optimal Demand Response Capacity of Automatic Lighting Control
Mohsenian-Rad, Hamed
. To remedy this problem, different demand side management programs have been proposed to shape the energy1 Optimal Demand Response Capacity of Automatic Lighting Control Seyed Ataollah Raziei and Hamed Mohsenian-Rad Department of System and Engineering Management, University of Dayton, Dayton, OH, USA
Capacity planning in a transitional economy: What issues? Which models?
Mubayi, V.; Leigh, R.W. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Bright, R.N. [Anylec Research, Inc., Bayport, NY (United States)
1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper is devoted to an exploration of the important issues facing the Russian power generation system and its evolution in the foreseeable future and the kinds of modeling approaches that capture those issues. These issues include, for example, (1) trade-offs between investments in upgrading and refurbishment of existing thermal (fossil-fired) capacity and safety enhancements in existing nuclear capacity versus investment in new capacity, (2) trade-offs between investment in completing unfinished (under construction) projects based on their original design versus investment in new capacity with improved design, (3) incorporation of demand-side management options (investments in enhancing end-use efficiency, for example) within the planning framework, (4) consideration of the spatial dimensions of system planning including investments in upgrading electric transmission networks or fuel shipment networks and incorporating hydroelectric generation, (5) incorporation of environmental constraints and (6) assessment of uncertainty and evaluation of downside risk. Models for exploring these issues include low power shutdown (LPS) which are computationally very efficient, though approximate, and can be used to perform extensive sensitivity analyses to more complex models which can provide more detailed answers but are computationally cumbersome and can only deal with limited issues. The paper discusses which models can usefully treat a wide range of issues within the priorities facing decision makers in the Russian power sector and integrate the results with investment decisions in the wider economy.
High Capacity Li Ion Battery Anodes Using Ge Nanowires
Cui, Yi
High Capacity Li Ion Battery Anodes Using Ge Nanowires Candace K. Chan, Xiao Feng Zhang, and Yi Cui efficiency > 99%. Structural characterization revealed that the Ge nanowires remain intact and connected nanowire anodes are promising candidates for the development of high-energy-density lithium batteries
How Mobility Increases Mobile Cloud Computing Processing Capacity
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
How Mobility Increases Mobile Cloud Computing Processing Capacity Anh-Dung Nguyen, Patrick S--In this paper, we address a important and still unanswered question in mobile cloud computing "how mobility the resilience of mobile cloud computing services. Keywords--Mobile cloud computing, mobility, quality of service
Cost Allocation of Capacity Investment Games Zhisong Chen2
Chen, Xin
Cost Allocation of Capacity Investment Games Xin Chen,1 Zhisong Chen2 1 Department of Industrial by different managers who act as independent profit centers, it is desirable that the total cost is divided operations can be achieved. Under various conditions, we prove that there is a fair allocation of costs among
TRENDS IN ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION, PEAK DEMAND, AND GENERATING CAPACITY IN
California at Berkeley. University of
PWP-085 TRENDS IN ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION, PEAK DEMAND, AND GENERATING CAPACITY IN CALIFORNIA, California 94720-5180 www.ucei.org #12;TRENDS IN ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION, PEAK DEMAND, AND GENERATING Mexico, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.1 This study therefore examines long-term trends in consumption
Modeling Capacity Reservation in High-Tech Manufacturing
Wu, David
Modeling Capacity Reservation in High-Tech Manufacturing Mingzhou Jin ¢ S. David Wu Department mij2@lehigh.edu ¢ david.wu@lehigh.edu Abstract: The high-tech manufacturing industry is characterized importance since reservation has intuitive benet for the manufacturer, but less so for the customers. We
Wind Farm Portfolio Optimization under Network Capacity Constraints
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
1 Wind Farm Portfolio Optimization under Network Capacity Constraints H´el`ene Le Cadre, Anthony of wind farms in a Market Coupling organization, for two Market Designs (exogenous prices and endogenous of efficient wind farm portfolios, is derived theoretically as a function of the number of wind farms
Power Control and Capacity of Spread Spectrum Wireless Networks
Tse, David
Power Control and Capacity of Spread Spectrum Wireless Networks S.V. Hanly a;1 , and D.N. Tse b;2, there has been signif icant research in the area in recent years. While power control has been considered questions about optimal power control as well as the problem of charac terizing the resulting network
Effect of Mobility on Power Control and System Capacity
Kumar, Anurag
Effect of Mobility on Power Control and System Capacity in CDMA Cellular Wireless Networks Munish control, admission control and user mobility. We compare two methods for power control: Constant Re ceived Power Control (CRPC) in which the total power received at each base station (BS) is kept constant
Energy-Efficient Dynamic Capacity Provisioning in Server Farms
Harchol-Balter, Mor
Energy-Efficient Dynamic Capacity Provisioning in Server Farms Anshul Gandhi Varun Gupta Mor, either expressed or implied, of NSF. #12;Keywords: Server farms, Power management, Queueing theory #12;Abstract A central question in designing server farms today is how to efficiently provision the number
High capacity nickel battery material doped with alkali metal cations
Jackovitz, John F. (Monroeville, PA); Pantier, Earl A. (Penn Hills, PA)
1982-05-18T23:59:59.000Z
A high capacity battery material is made, consisting essentially of hydrated Ni(II) hydroxide, and about 5 wt. % to about 40 wt. % of Ni(IV) hydrated oxide interlayer doped with alkali metal cations selected from potassium, sodium and lithium cations.
Spent nuclear fuel project design basis capacity study
Cleveland, K.J.
1996-09-09T23:59:59.000Z
A parametric study of the Spent Nuclear Fuel Project system capacity is presented. The study was completed using a commercially available software package to develop a summary level model of the major project systems. Alternative configurations, sub-system cycle times, and operating scenarios were tested to identify their impact on total project duration and equipment requirements.
Capacities and Research in Homeland Security The University at Buffalo
Krovi, Venkat
, and Biophotonics (ILPB) and the Center for Spin Effects and Quantum Information in Nanostructures (CSEQuIN) conduct multidisciplinary science and technology programs focusing on the development of: (1) high capacity data storage devices for "smart sensor" systems to detect biological and chemical agents. These research directions
Dynamic Energy-Aware Capacity Provisioning for Cloud Computing Environments
Boutaba, Raouf
Dynamic Energy-Aware Capacity Provisioning for Cloud Computing Environments Qi Zhang University by amortizing initial capital investment over large number of machines, they also incur tremendous energy cost in terms of power distribution and cooling. An effective approach for saving energy in data centers
On the Throughput Capacity of Heterogeneous Wireless Networks
Latchman, Haniph A.
On the Throughput Capacity of Heterogeneous Wireless Networks Pan Li, Member, IEEE, and Yuguang of wireless networks. However, it is commonly assumed that all nodes in the network are identical. The issue of heterogeneous wireless networks with general network settings. Specifically, we consider an extended network
Solar Photovoltaic Capacity F t P f d P li
6/19/2013 1 Solar Photovoltaic Capacity F t P f d P li Generating Resources Advisory Committee Advisor Model (SAM), version 2013.1.15 Technology: Solar PV (PVWatts system model)Technology: Solar PV (MWh) (First year output, each year thereafter degrades 0.5%) 6 #12;6/19/2013 4 Shape of PNW Solar PV
High Capacity Graphite Anodes for Li-Ion battery applications
Popov, Branko N.
High Capacity Graphite Anodes for Li-Ion battery applications using Tin microencapsulation Basker range 1.6V to 0.01V at 0.05 mV/s Physical characterization SEM, EDAX and XRD #12;SEM images of Bare
Wireless Network Capacity Management: A Real Options Approach
Forsyth, Peter A.
Wireless Network Capacity Management: A Real Options Approach Y. d'Halluin , P.A. Forsyth , and K factor algorithm is developed, based on a real options formulation. Numerical examples are provided to illustrate various aspects of the model. Keywords: real options, optimal network planning decisions, network
Topaloglu, Huseyin
function. However, this approach brings unique challenges in the context of the capacity allocation problemComputing Protection Level Policies for Dynamic Capacity Allocation Problems by Using Stochastic capacity allocation problem. We have a fixed amount of daily processing capacity. Jobs of different
Tacit collusion in a non-repeated price competition game with a soft capacity constraint
cost function. Key words: price competition, tacit collusion, convex cost, Bertrand Para- dox, capacity
M. Wakamatsu; H. Tsujimoto
2005-03-29T23:59:59.000Z
The theoretical predictions are given for the forward limit of the unpolarized spin-flip isovector generalized parton distribution function $(E^u - E^d)(x, \\xi, t)$ within the framework of the chiral quark soliton model, with full inclusion of the polarization of Dirac sea quarks. We observe that $[(H^u - H^d) + (E^u - E^d)](x,0,0)$ has a sharp peak around $x=0$, which we interpret as a signal of the importance of the pionic $q \\bar{q}$ excitation with large spatial extension in the transverse direction. Another interesting indication given by the predicted distribution in combination with Ji's angular momentum sum rule is that the $\\bar{d}$-quark carries more angular momentum than the $\\bar{u}$-quark in the proton, which may have some relation with the physics of the violation of the Gottfried sum rule.
Xing-Gang Wu
2008-08-07T23:59:59.000Z
We present an improved analysis of the constraints on the first two Gegenbauer moments, $a^\\pi_2$ and $a^\\pi_4$, of the pion's leading-twist distribution amplitude from a QCD light-cone sum rule analysis of $B\\to\\pi$ weak transition form factor $f_{+}(q^2)$. Proper chiral current is adopted in QCD light-cone sum rule so as to eliminate the most uncertain twist-3 contributions to $f_{+}(q^2)$, and then we concentrate our attention on the properties of the leading-twist pion DA. A nearly model-independent $f_+(q^2)$ as shown in Ref.\\cite{pball0} that is based on the spectrum of $B\\to\\pi l\
Huang, S. [Center for Theoretical Physics, Laboratory for Nuclear Science Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)] [Center for Theoretical Physics, Laboratory for Nuclear Science Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); [Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); Lissia, M. [Center for Theoretical Physics, Laboratory for Nuclear Science Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)] [Center for Theoretical Physics, Laboratory for Nuclear Science Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, via Ada Negri 18, I-09127 Cagliari (Italy); [Dipartimento di Fisica dell` Universita di Cagliari I-09124 Cagliari (Italy)
1995-07-15T23:59:59.000Z
Within the framework of the operator product expansion and the renormalization group equation, we show that the temperature and chemical potential dependence of the zeroth moment of a spectral function (SF) is completely determined by the one-loop structure in an asymptotically free theory, and in particular in QCD. Logarithmic corrections are found to play an essential role in the derivation. This exact result constrains the shape of SF`s, and implies striking effects near phase transitions. Phenomenological parametrizations of the SF, often used in applications such as the analysis of lattice QCD data or QCD sum rule calculations at finite temperature and baryon density, must satisfy these constraints. We also explicitly illustrate in detail the exact sum rule in the Gross-Neveu model.
Kohn, Gabriel (Omer, IL); Hicho, George (Derwood, MD); Swartzendruber, Lydon (New Carrollton, MD)
1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A steel hardness measurement system and method of using same are provided for measuring at least one mechanical or magnetic characteristic of a ferromagnetic sample as a function of at least one magnetic characteristic of the sample. A magnetic field generator subjects the sample to a variable external magnetic field. The magnetic field intensity of the magnetic field generated by the magnetic field generating means is measured and a signal sensor is provided for measuring Barkhausen signals from the sample when the sample is subjected to the external magnetic field. A signal processing unit calculates a jump sum rate first moment as a function of the Barkhausen signals measured by the signal sensor and the magnetic field intensity, and for determining the at least one mechanical or magnetic characteristic as a function of the jump sum rate first moment.
Kohn, G.; Hicho, G.; Swartzendruber, L.
1997-04-08T23:59:59.000Z
A steel hardness measurement system and method of using same are provided for measuring at least one mechanical or magnetic characteristic of a ferromagnetic sample as a function of at least one magnetic characteristic of the sample. A magnetic field generator subjects the sample to a variable external magnetic field. The magnetic field intensity of the magnetic field generated by the magnetic field generating means is measured and a signal sensor is provided for measuring Barkhausen signals from the sample when the sample is subjected to the external magnetic field. A signal processing unit calculates a jump sum rate first moment as a function of the Barkhausen signals measured by the signal sensor and the magnetic field intensity, and for determining the at least one mechanical or magnetic characteristic as a function of the jump sum rate first moment. 7 figs.
How precisely can we determine the pion-nucleon coupling constant from the isovector GMO sum rule?
B. Loiseau; T. E. O. Ericson; A. W. Thomas
2000-02-04T23:59:59.000Z
The isovector GMO sum rule for zero energy forward pion-nucleon scattering is critically studied to obtain the charged pion-nucleon coupling constant using the precise negatively charged pion-proton and pion-deuteron scattering lengths deduced recently from pionic atom experiments. This direct determination leads to a pseudoscalar charged pion-nucleon coupling constant of 14.23 +- 0.09 (statistic) +- 0.17 (systematic). We obtain also accurate values for the pion-nucleon scattering lengths.
How Precisely can we Determine the $\\piNN$ Coupling Constant from the Isovector GMO Sum Rule?
Loiseau, B; Thomas, A W
1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The isovector GMO sum rule for zero energy forward pion-nucleon scattering iscritically studied to obtain the charged pion-nucleon coupling constant usingthe precise negatively charged pion-proton and pion-deuteron scattering lengthsdeduced recently from pionic atom experiments. This direct determination leadsto a pseudoscalar charged pion-nucleon coupling constant of 14.23 +- 0.09(statistic) +- 0.17 (systematic). We obtain also accurate values for thepion-nucleon scattering lengths.
On the Sum of the Non-Negative Lyapunov Exponents for Some Cocycles Related to the Anderson Model
Ilia Binder; Michael Goldstein; Mircea Voda
2014-08-03T23:59:59.000Z
We provide an explicit lower bound for the the sum of the non-negative Lyapunov exponents for some cocycles related to the Anderson model. In particular, for the Anderson model on a strip of width $ W $ the lower bound is proportional to $ W^{-\\epsilon} $, for any $ \\epsilon>0 $. This bound is consistent with the fact that the lowest non-negative Lyapunov exponent is conjectured to have a lower bound proportional to $ W^{-1} $.
Levy, Mel, E-mail: ayers@mcmaster.ca, E-mail: mlevy@tulane.edu [Department of Chemistry, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708 (United States) [Department of Chemistry, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708 (United States); Department of Physics, North Carolina A and T State University, Greensboro, North Carolina 27411 (United States); Department of Chemistry, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana 70118 (United States); Anderson, James S. M.; Zadeh, Farnaz Heidar; Ayers, Paul W., E-mail: ayers@mcmaster.ca, E-mail: mlevy@tulane.edu [Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario (Canada)
2014-05-14T23:59:59.000Z
Properties of exact density functionals provide useful constraints for the development of new approximate functionals. This paper focuses on convex sums of ground-level densities. It is observed that the electronic kinetic energy of a convex sum of degenerate ground-level densities is equal to the convex sum of the kinetic energies of the individual degenerate densities. (The same type of relationship holds also for the electron-electron repulsion energy.) This extends a known property of the Levy-Valone Ensemble Constrained-Search and the Lieb Legendre-Transform refomulations of the Hohenberg-Kohn functional to the individual components of the functional. Moreover, we observe that the kinetic and electron-repulsion results also apply to densities with fractional electron number (even if there are no degeneracies), and we close with an analogous point-wise property involving the external potential. Examples where different degenerate states have different kinetic energy and electron-nuclear attraction energy are given; consequently, individual components of the ground state electronic energy can change abruptly when the molecular geometry changes. These discontinuities are predicted to be ubiquitous at conical intersections, complicating the development of universally applicable density-functional approximations.
Carbon Dioxide Sealing Capacity: Textural or Compositional Controls?
Cranganu, Constantin; Soleymani, Hamidreza; Sadiqua, Soleymani; Watson, Kieva
2013-11-30T23:59:59.000Z
This research project is aiming to assess the carbon dioxide sealing capacity of most common seal-rocks, such as shales and non-fractured limestones, by analyzing the role of textural and compositional parameters of those rocks. We hypothesize that sealing capacity is controlled by textural and/or compositional pa-rameters of caprocks. In this research, we seek to evaluate the importance of textural and compositional parameters affecting the sealing capacity of caprocks. The conceptu-al framework involves two testable end-member hypotheses concerning the sealing ca-pacity of carbon dioxide reservoir caprocks. Better understanding of the elements controlling sealing quality will advance our knowledge regarding the sealing capacity of shales and carbonates. Due to relatively low permeability, shale and non-fractured carbonate units are considered relatively imper-meable formations which can retard reservoir fluid flow by forming high capillary pres-sure. Similarly, these unites can constitute reliable seals for carbon dioxide capture and sequestration purposes. This project is a part of the comprehensive project with the final aim of studying the caprock sealing properties and the relationship between microscopic and macroscopic characteristics of seal rocks in depleted gas fields of Oklahoma Pan-handle. Through this study we examined various seal rock characteristics to infer about their respective effects on sealing capacity in special case of replacing reservoir fluid with super critical carbon dioxide (scCO{sub 2}). To assess the effect of textural and compositional properties on scCO{sub 2} maximum reten-tion column height we collected 30 representative core samples in caprock formations in three counties (Cimarron, Texas, Beaver) in Oklahoma Panhandle. Core samples were collected from various seal formations (e.g., Cherokee, Keys, Morrowan) at different depths. We studied the compositional and textural properties of the core samples using several techniques. Mercury Injection Porosimetry (MIP), Scanning Electron Microsco-py SEM, and Sedigraph measurements are used to assess the pore-throat-size distribu-tion, sorting, texture, and grain size of the samples. Also, displacement pressure at 10% mercury saturation (Pd) and graphically derived threshold pressure (Pc) were deter-mined by MIP technique. SEM images were used for qualitative study of the minerals and pores texture of the core samples. Moreover, EDS (Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spec-trometer), BET specific surface area, and Total Organic Carbon (TOC) measurements were performed to study various parameters and their possible effects on sealing capaci-ty of the samples. We found that shales have the relatively higher average sealing threshold pressure (Pc) than carbonate and sandstone samples. Based on these observations, shale formations could be considered as a promising caprock in terms of retarding scCO{sub 2} flow and leak-age into above formations. We hypothesized that certain characteristics of shales (e.g., 3 fine pore size, pore size distribution, high specific surface area, and strong physical chemical interaction between wetting phase and mineral surface) make them an effi-cient caprock for sealing super critical CO{sub 2}. We found that the displacement pressure at 10% mercury saturation could not be the ultimate representative of the sealing capacity of the rock sample. On the other hand, we believe that graphical method, introduced by Cranganu (2004) is a better indicator of the true sealing capacity. Based on statistical analysis of our samples from Oklahoma Panhandle we assessed the effects of each group of properties (textural and compositional) on maximum supercriti-cal CO{sub 2} height that can be hold by the caprock. We conclude that there is a relatively strong positive relationship (+.40 to +.69) between supercritical CO{sub 2} column height based on Pc and hard/ soft mineral content index (ratio of minerals with Mohs hardness more than 5 over minerals with Mohs hardness less than 5) in both shales and limestone samples. Average median pore rad
Great Lakes ports coal handling capacity and export coal potential
Ames, A.H. Jr.
1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
This study was developed to determine the competitive position of the Great Lakes Region coal-loading ports in relation to other US coastal ranges. Due to the congestion at some US Atlantic coastal ports US coal producers have indicated a need for alternative export routes, including the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Seaway System. The study assesses the regions coal handling capacity and price competitiveness along with the opportunity for increased US flag vessel service. A number of appendices are included showing major coal producers, railroad marketing representatives, US vessel operators, and port handling capacities and throughput. A rate analysis is provided including coal price at the mine, rail rate to port, port handling charges, water transportation rates to western Europe, Great Lakes route versus the US Atlantic Coast ports.
Hierarchical structures for a robustness-oriented capacity design
Enrico Masoero; Falk K. Wittel; Hans J. Herrmann; B. M. Chiaia
2015-09-07T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we study the response of 2D framed structures made of rectangular cells, to the sudden removal of columns. We employ a simulation algorithm based on the Discrete Element Method, where the structural elements are represented by elasto-plastic Euler Bernoulli beams with elongation-rotation failure threshold. The effect of structural cell slenderness and of topological hierarchy on the dynamic residual strength after damage $\\ROne$ is investigated. Topologically \\textit{hierarchical} frames have a primary structure made of few massive elements, while \\textit{homogeneous} frames are made of many thin elements. We also show how $\\ROne$ depends on the activated collapse mechanisms, which are determined by the mechanical hierarchy between beams and columns, i.e. by their relative strength and stiffness. Finally, principles of robustness-oriented capacity design which seem to be in contrast to the conventional anti-seismic capacity design are addressed.
Residential Variable-Capacity Heat Pumps Sized to Heating Loads
Munk, Jeffrey D. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Jackson, Roderick K. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Odukomaiya, Adewale [Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States); Gehl, Anthony C. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Variable capacity heat pumps are an emerging technology offering significant energy savings potential and improved efficiency. With conventional single-speed systems, it is important to appropriately size heat pumps for the cooling load as over-sizing would result in cycling and insufficient latent capacity required for humidity control. These appropriately sized systems are often under-sized for the heating load and require inefficient supplemental electric resistance heat to meet the heating demand. Variable capacity heat pumps address these shortcomings by providing an opportunity to intentionally size systems for the dominant heating season load without adverse effects of cycling or insufficient dehumidification in the cooling season. This intentionally-sized system could result in significant energy savings in the heating season, as the need for inefficient supplemental electric resistance heat is drastically reduced. This is a continuation of a study evaluating the energy consumption of variable capacity heat pumps installed in two unoccupied research homes in Farragut, a suburb of Knoxville, Tennessee. In this particular study, space conditioning systems are intentionally sized for the heating season loads to provide an opportunity to understand and evaluate the impact this would have on electric resistance heat use and dehumidification. The results and conclusions drawn through this research are valid and specific for portions of the Southeastern and Midwestern United States falling in the mixed-humid climate zone. While other regions in the U.S. do not experience this type of climate, this work provides a basis for, and can help understand the implications of other climate zones on residential space conditioning energy consumption. The data presented here will provide a framework for fine tuning residential building EnergyPlus models that are being developed.
Hybrid heat capacity-moving slab solid-state laser
Stappaerts, Eddy A.
2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
Laser material is pumped and its stored energy is extracted in a heat capacity laser mode at a high duty factor. When the laser material reaches a maximum temperature, it is removed from the lasing region and a subsequent volume of laser material is positioned into the lasing region to repeat the lasing process. The heated laser material is cooled passively or actively outside the lasing region.
Psychrometric Testing Facility Restoration and Cooling Capacity Testing
Cline, Vincent E.
2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z
.................................................................. 15 Table 3 Specified test tolerances for cooling capacity testing according to ASHRAE 210/240 .................................................................. 16 Table 4 Required test condition variations not covered in Table 2... B conditions except that the indoor room wet-bulb temperature is kept at 57 ?F or less so that condensate does not form on the coil [2]. Test D conditions are the same as Test C, but the unit is cycled on for 6 minutes and off for 24 minutes...
Model documentation: Electricity Market Module, Electricity Capacity Planning submodule
Not Available
1994-04-07T23:59:59.000Z
The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) is a computer modeling system developed by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The NEMS produces integrated forecasts for energy markets in the United States by achieving a general equilibrium solution for energy supply and demand. Currently, for each year during the period from 1990 through 2010, the NEMS describes energy supply, conversion, consumption, and pricing. The Electricity Market Module (EMM) is the electricity supply component of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). The supply of electricity is a conversion activity since electricity is produced from other energy sources (e.g., fossil, nuclear, and renewable). The EMM represents the generation, transmission, and pricing of electricity. The EMM consists of four main submodules: Electricity Capacity Planning (ECP), Electricity Fuel Dispatching (EFD), Electricity Finance and Pricing (EFP), and Load and Demand-Side Management (LDSM). The ECP evaluates changes in the mix of generating capacity that are necessary to meet future demands for electricity and comply with environmental regulations. The EFD represents dispatching (i.e., operating) decisions and determines how to allocate available capacity to meet the current demand for electricity. Using investment expenditures from the ECP and operating costs from the EFD, the EFP calculates the price of electricity, accounting for state-level regulations involving the allocation of costs. The LDSM translates annual demands for electricity into distributions that describe hourly, seasonal, and time-of-day variations. These distributions are used by the EFD and the ECP to determine the quantity and types of generating capacity that are required to insure reliable and economical supplies of electricity. The EMM also represents nonutility suppliers and interregional and international transmission and trade. These activities are included in the EFD and the ECP.
Property:Installed Capacity (MW) | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaPLawrence County,1980) | OpenAl.,PetroAsiaPotterProperty EditPropertyPropertyPropertyInstalled Capacity
Flood control reservoir operations for conditions of limited storage capacity
Rivera Ramirez, Hector David
2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z
for evaluating the tradeoffs and potential consequences of release decisions. The methodology was applied and tested using the Addicks and Barker Reservoir system in Houston, TX as a case study. Upstream flooding is also a major concern for these reservoirs... channel capacities at downstream locations so that the reservoir will not be completely filled before the entire flood has passed. The basis for this approach is that moderately high damaging releases beginning before the flood control storage is full...
Optimal control in thermodynamic systems with sources of finite capacity
Kuznetsov, A.G.; Rudenko, A.V.; Tsirlin, A.M.
1985-11-10T23:59:59.000Z
This paper considers problems of optimal control of thermodynamic processes of heat and mass transfer on contact of two systems. The control signal is a vector of the temperatures and concentrations of one system, the parameters of the second being variable at a rate proportional to the heat and material flows. The limiting efficiency of the heat machine is found when the cycle duration and source capacities are bounded.
Flood control reservoir operations for conditions of limited storage capacity
Rivera Ramirez, Hector David
2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z
as this may 6 drastically alter non-damaging channel capacities, critical storage levels, regulation goals, etc. Furthermore, updating the existing EOS is warranted since most of them were prepared with an outdated method and with limited hydrologic data...-based methodology for developing emergency operation schedules (EOS). EOS are decision tools that provide guidance to reservoir operators in charge of making real-time release decisions during major flood events. A computer program named REOS was created...
A global scale mechanistic model of the photosynthetic capacity
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Ali, A. A.; Xu, C.; Rogers, A.; Fisher, R. A.; Wullschleger, S. D.; McDowell, N. G.; Massoud, E. C.; Vrugt, J. A.; Muss, J. D.; Fisher, J. B.; et al
2015-08-10T23:59:59.000Z
Although plant photosynthetic capacity as determined by the maximum carboxylation rate (i.e., Vc, max25) and the maximum electron transport rate (i.e., Jmax25) at a reference temperature (generally 25 °C) is known to vary substantially in space and time in response to environmental conditions, it is typically parameterized in Earth system models (ESMs) with tabulated values associated to plant functional types. In this study, we developed a mechanistic model of leaf utilization of nitrogen for assimilation (LUNA V1.0) to predict the photosynthetic capacity at the global scale under different environmental conditions, based on the optimization of nitrogen allocated among light capture,more »electron transport, carboxylation, and respiration. The LUNA model was able to reasonably well capture the observed patterns of photosynthetic capacity in view that it explained approximately 55 % of the variation in observed Vc, max25 and 65 % of the variation in observed Jmax25 across the globe. Our model simulations under current and future climate conditions indicated that Vc, max25 could be most affected in high-latitude regions under a warming climate and that ESMs using a fixed Vc, max25 or Jmax25 by plant functional types were likely to substantially overestimate future global photosynthesis.« less
Park, Yong Bum; Lee, Christopher M; Kafle, Kabindra; Park, Sunkyu; Cosgrove, Daniel; Kim, Seong H
2014-07-14T23:59:59.000Z
The crystallinity, allomorph content, and mesoscale ordering of cellulose produced by Gluconacetobacter xylinus cultured with different plant cell wall matrix polysaccharides were studied with vibrational sum frequency generation (SFG) spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction (XRD).
Yener, Aylin
-filling, energy harvesting net- works, generalized iterative water-filling, interference channel, sum Policies for Energy Harvesting Transmitters in an Interference Channel Kaya Tutuncuoglu and Aylin Yener harvesting transmitters. Different than con- ventional battery powered wireless nodes, energy harvesting
Building Long-Term Sustained Capacity and Influencing Decisions: The U.S. DOE SEP Capacity Model
McCarthy, Patrick [TecMarket Works; Hall, Nick [TecMarket Works; Schweitzer, Martin [ORNL; Lambert, Faith [U.S. Department of Energy
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper presents a state-level systems model that incorporates traditional behavior change models into a more extensive framework for explaining energy efficiency and renewable energy impacts. The model was developed from a seminal national study of state energy programs covering a broad array of programmatic topic areas. The study examined a wide range of program offerings within 24 states, involving over 25 years of state efforts. While specific priorities and outcomes varied greatly across the states for each of the topic areas, consistent systems-level capacity-building patterns were revealed. This model demonstrates how the U.S. Department of Energy s (DOE s) State Energy Program (SEP) and non-SEP resources, when incorporated into a framework of essential capacity-building components, can lead to energy efficiency and renewable energy achievements. This paper then features two case study illustrations of the model.
Shan-Guang Tan
2014-12-29T23:59:59.000Z
The representation of even numbers as the sum of two primes and the distribution of primes in short intervals were investigated and a main theorem was given out and proved, which states: For every number $n$ greater than a positive number $n_{0}$, let $q$ be an odd prime number smaller than $\\sqrt{2n}$ and $d=2n-q$, then there is always at least an odd number $d$ which does not contain any prime factor smaller than $\\sqrt{2n}$ and must be an odd prime number greater than $2n-\\sqrt{2n}$. Then it was proved that for every number $n$ greater than 1, there are always at least a pair of primes $p$ and $q$ which are symmetrical about the number $n$ so that even numbers greater than 2 can be expressed as the sum of two primes. Hence, the Goldbach's conjecture was proved. Also theorems of the distribution of primes in short intervals were given out and proved. By these theorems, the Legendre's conjecture, the Oppermann's conjecture, the Hanssner's conjecture, the Brocard's conjecture, the Andrica's conjecture, the Sierpinski's conjecture and the Sierpinski's conjecture of triangular numbers were proved and the Mills' constant can be determined. The representation of odd numbers as the sum of an odd prime number and an even semiprime was investigated and a main theorem was given out and proved, which states: For every number $n$ greater than a positive number $n_{0}$, let $q$ be an odd prime number smaller than $\\sqrt{2n}$ and $d=2n+1-2q$, then there is always at least an odd number $d$ which does not contain any odd prime factor smaller than $\\sqrt{2n}$ and must be a prime number greater than $2n+1-2\\sqrt{2n}$. Then it was proved that for every number $n$ greater than 2, there are always at least a pair of primes $p$ and $q$ so that all odd integers greater than 5 can be represented as the sum of an odd prime number and an even semiprime. Hence, the Lemoine's conjecture was proved.
Shan-Guang Tan
2015-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
The representation of even numbers as the sum of two primes and the distribution of primes in short intervals were investigated and a main theorem was given out and proved, which states: For every number $n$ greater than a positive number $n_{0}$, let $q$ be an odd prime number smaller than $\\sqrt{2n}$ and $d=2n-q$, then there is always at least an odd number $d$ which does not contain any prime factor smaller than $\\sqrt{2n}$ and must be an odd prime number greater than $2n-\\sqrt{2n}$. Then it was proved that for every number $n$ greater than 1, there are always at least a pair of primes $p$ and $q$ which are symmetrical about the number $n$ so that even numbers greater than 2 can be expressed as the sum of two primes. Hence, the Goldbach's conjecture was proved. Also theorems of the distribution of primes in short intervals were given out and proved. By these theorems, the Legendre's conjecture, the Oppermann's conjecture, the Hanssner's conjecture, the Brocard's conjecture, the Andrica's conjecture, the Sierpinski's conjecture and the Sierpinski's conjecture of triangular numbers were proved and the Mills' constant can be determined. The representation of odd numbers as the sum of an odd prime number and an even semiprime was investigated and a main theorem was given out and proved, which states: For every number $n$ greater than a positive number $n_{0}$, let $q$ be an odd prime number smaller than $\\sqrt{2n}$ and $d=2n+1-2q$, then there is always at least an odd number $d$ which does not contain any odd prime factor smaller than $\\sqrt{2n}$ and must be a prime number greater than $2n+1-2\\sqrt{2n}$. Then it was proved that for every number $n$ greater than 2, there are always at least a pair of primes $p$ and $q$ so that all odd integers greater than 5 can be represented as the sum of an odd prime number and an even semiprime. Hence, the Lemoine's conjecture was proved.
K. Azizi
2009-02-16T23:59:59.000Z
Due to the very short life time of the $\\Delta$ baryons, a direct measurement on the electromagnetic moments of these systems is almost impossible in the experiment and can only be done indirectly. Although only for the magnetic dipole moments of $\\Delta^{++}$ and $\\Delta^{+}$ systems there are some experimental data, the theoretical, phenomenological and lattice calculations could play crucial role. In present work, the magnetic dipole ($\\mu_{\\Delta}$) , electric quadrupole ($Q_{\\Delta}$) and magnetic octupole ($O_{\\Delta}$) moments of these baryons are computed within the light cone QCD sum rules. The results are compared with the predictions of the other phenomenological approaches, lattice QCD and existing experimental data.
Raji Heyrovska
2011-12-19T23:59:59.000Z
This paper presents for the first time the exact structures at the atomic level of two important nanomaterials, boron nitride and coronene. Both these compounds are hexagonal layer structures similar to graphene in two dimensions and to graphite in three-dimensions. However, they have very different properties: whereas graphene is a conductor, h-BN is an electrical insulator and coronene is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon of cosmological interest. The atomic structures presented here for boron nitride, coronene and graphene have been drawn to scale based on bond lengths as sums of the atomic radii.
Behavioral/Systems/Cognitive How the Optic Nerve Allocates Space, Energy Capacity,
Pennsylvania, University of
Behavioral/Systems/Cognitive How the Optic Nerve Allocates Space, Energy Capacity, and Information twice the space and energy capacity. We conclude that the optic nerve conserves space space and energy efficiently, because both resources constrain neural computation. We found
A New Vision for High-Capacity Hybrid Li-ion/Li-O2 Batteries
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Introduces A New Vision for High-Capacity Hybrid Li-ionLi-O2 Batteries Diagram illustrating the CEES all-in-one vision for a high-capacity Li-ionLi-O2 cell. Illustration of CEES'...
Nanosheet-structured LiV3O8 with high capacity and excellent...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
LiV3O8 with high capacity and excellent stability for high energy lithium batteries . Nanosheet-structured LiV3O8 with high capacity and excellent stability for high...
Shim, Young Hak
2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z
, the machine capacity was first ensured, and then manufacturing cells were configured to minimize intercellular movements. In order to ensure the machine capacity, the duplication of machines and the split of operations are allowed and operations are assigned...
Sixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Chapter 12: Capacity and Flexibility Resources
............................................................................................ 6 Flexibility Issues Raised By Wind Generation system capacity and flexibility a new priority. Wind generation needs back-up, flexible resources be implemented sooner than adding additional generating capacity solely to provide flexibility. It will also set
On the Capacity of the Vector MAC and BC with Feedback
Jafar, Syed A.
On the Capacity of the Vector MAC and BC with Feedback Syed Ali Jafar Qualcomm Incorporated San to scalar MACs and BCs, respectively. We also determine the capacity enhancement due to feedback at high SNR
The State Energy Program: Building Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Capacity in the States
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
This study documents the capacity-building effects that the federal State Energy Program (SEP) has had on the states' capacity to design, manage and implement energy efficiency and renewable energy programs.
Parameter Estimation and Capacity Fade Analysis of Lithium-Ion Batteries Using Reformulated Models
Braatz, Richard D.
Many researchers have worked to develop methods to analyze and characterize capacity fade in lithium-ion batteries. As a complement to approaches to mathematically model capacity fade that require detailed understanding ...
Shim, Young Hak
2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z
, the machine capacity was first ensured, and then manufacturing cells were configured to minimize intercellular movements. In order to ensure the machine capacity, the duplication of machines and the split of operations are allowed and operations are assigned...
GE to DOE General Counsel; Re:Request for Comment on Large Capacity...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
to DOE General Counsel; Re:Request for Comment on Large Capacity Clothes Washers GE to DOE General Counsel; Re:Request for Comment on Large Capacity Clothes Washers GE urges the...
U.S. Production Capacity of Operable Petroleum Refineries
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5(Million Cubic Feet) Oregon (Including Vehicle Fuel) (MillionStructural Basis of5, 2014 | Release Date:Production Capacity of Operable Petroleum
U.S. Total Shell Storage Capacity at Operable Refineries
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5(Million Cubic Feet) Oregon (Including Vehicle Fuel) (MillionStructural Basis of5, 2014 | Release Date:Production CapacityU.S. ThreatenedFeet)Shell
U.S. Working Storage Capacity at Operable Refineries
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5(Million Cubic Feet) Oregon (Including Vehicle Fuel) (MillionStructural Basis of5, 2014 | Release Date:Production CapacityU.S.&Working Storage
LEDS Capacity Building and Training Inventory | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaP a gHigh Plains Wind Farm JumpKahului, Hawaii: EnergyKonica MinoltaLEDS Capacity Building and Training
Tension capacity of two drilled and grouted piles
Kubena, Mark Edward
1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and grouted piles are being proposed as an alternate method for the foundation of deepwater structures. Drilled and grouted piles are composite piles formed by drilling an oversized hole, inserting a smaller steel casing or pile to the bottom of the open...TENSION CAPACITY OF TWO DRILLED AND GROUTED PILES A Thesis by MARK EDWARD KUBENA Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1989...
A Super-Additivity Inequality for Channel Capacity of Classical-Quantum Channels
Rahul Jain
2009-02-20T23:59:59.000Z
We show a super-additivity inequality for the channel capacity of classical-quantum (c - q) channels.
Nitrification Capacities of Texas Soil Types and Factors which Affect Nitrification.
Sterges, A. J.; Fraps, G S. (George Stronach)
1947-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
capacities of soils for ammonium sulphate may range from (I to loo percent but additions of bacteria and calcium carbonate will increase the nitrifying capacities of most soils and subsoils to a high extent. Soils with low nitrification capacities have... percent of that of ammonium sulphate, but in >oils of low nitrifying capacity, nitrogen of cottonseed meal may be nitrified more reaclily than that of ammonium sulphate. When the fertilizing values of organic nitrogenous fertilizers are to be compared...
On the Storage Capacity of Hopfield Models with Weakly Correlated Patterns
Bielefeld, University of
On the Storage Capacity of Hopfield Models with Weakly Correlated Patterns Matthias LÂ¨owe Universit@mathematik.uniÂbielefeld.de Keywords: Hopfield model, neural networks, storage capacity, Markov chains, large deviations AMS Subject Classification: 82C32, 82B44, 60K35 Abstract We analyze the storage capacity of different forms of the Hopfield
Wang, Cheng-Xiang
Energy Efficiency Analysis of MISO-OFDM Communication Systems Considering Power and Capacity subchannel capacity threshold. Moreover, the energy efficiency of MISO-OFDM communication systems starts-input single-output (MISO) . orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) . energy efficiency. capacity
Sensitivity of Gaussian Channel Capacity and ate-Distortion Function to nonGaussian Contamination
Verdú, Sergio
Sensitivity of Gaussian Channel Capacity and ate-Distortion Function to nonGaussian Contamination-Gaussian contaminating noise. Although the ca- pacity of such channels cannot be evaluated in general, we analyze the decrease in capacity, or sensitivity of the channel capacity to the weak contaminating noise. We show
A Tractable Revenue Management Model for Capacity Allocation and Overbooking over an Airline Network
Topaloglu, Huseyin
to the reservations were given by a separable function, then the optimality equation for the joint capacity allocationA Tractable Revenue Management Model for Capacity Allocation and Overbooking over an Airline a revenue management model to jointly make the capacity allocation and overbooking decisions over an airline
Small Log Conference Creating Capacity to Compete Coeur d'Alene, Idaho, USA, 1 April 2005
Small Log Conference Creating Capacity to Compete Coeur d'Alene, Idaho, USA, 1 April 2005 F A O Conference Creating Capacity to Compete Coeur d'Alene, Idaho, USA, 1 April 2005 F A O Contents I. Forest. Growing the market #12;Small Log Conference Creating Capacity to Compete Coeur d'Alene, Idaho, USA, 1
Determining Flexible Capacit Needs fo theCapacity Needs for the
solutions #12;What is the Standard for Flexible Generation Capacity? Conventional Capacity Planning: · BuildDetermining Flexible Capacit Needs fo theCapacity Needs for the CAISO Area Northwest Power for power system flexibilityp y y E3 has been working with the CAISO to identify the need for flexible
Non-Coherent Capacity of Secret-Key Agreement with Public Discussion
Khisti, Ashish
1 Non-Coherent Capacity of Secret-Key Agreement with Public Discussion Anurag Agrawal, Zouheir-coherent capacity of secret-key agreement with public discussion, where neither the sender nor the receivers have Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR), the secret-key capacity is bounded in SNR, regardless of the number
On Capacity of Wireless Networks Using Practical Directional Antennas Linghe Kong, 2
antennas, which is called MC-MDA network. The capacity in MC-MDA network is derived under arbitrary of side lobe into account. We derive the capacity upper-bounds of MC-MDA networks in arbitrary and random the ratio increases. Moreover, we compare the network capacity of MC-MDA using the simplified antenna model
Calculation of heat capacities of light and heavy water by path-integral molecular dynamics
Nielsen, Steven O.
Calculation of heat capacities of light and heavy water by path-integral molecular dynamics 30 September 2005 As an application of atomistic simulation methods to heat capacities, path-integral has estimated the heat capacities too high, the quantum simulation based on path-integral molecular
ERDC/CHLTR-12-18 Dredged Material Placement Site Capacity
US Army Corps of Engineers
ERDC/CHLTR-12-18 Dredged Material Placement Site Capacity Analysis for Navigation Improvement. #12;ERDC/CHL TR-12-18 September 2012 Dredged Material Placement Site Capacity Analysis for Navigation of perfor- ming a dredged material placement (DMP) site capacity analysis for a Navigation Improvement
An Analytical Model for Predicting the Remaining Battery Capacity of Lithium-Ion Batteries
Pedram, Massoud
An Analytical Model for Predicting the Remaining Battery Capacity of Lithium-Ion Batteries Peng cycle-life tends to shrink significantly. The capacities of commercial lithium-ion batteries fade by 10 prediction model to estimate the remaining capacity of a Lithium-Ion battery. The proposed analytical model
Edinburgh Research Explorer ERK2 Suppresses Self-Renewal Capacity of Embryonic Stem
Koehn, Philipp
Edinburgh Research Explorer ERK2 Suppresses Self-Renewal Capacity of Embryonic Stem Cells, T 2013, 'ERK2 Suppresses Self-Renewal Capacity of Embryonic Stem Cells, but Is Not Required for Multi date: 26. Jun. 2014 #12;ERK2 Suppresses Self-Renewal Capacity of Embryonic Stem Cells
Outage Capacity of the Fading Relay Channel in the Low SNR Regime
Tse, David
Outage Capacity of the Fading Relay Channel in the Low SNR Regime A. Salman Avestimehr and David N at the outage capacity of the fading relay channel with half-duplex constraint in the low SNR regime. First we. In this case we show that a Bursty Amplify-Forward (BAF) protocol is optimal and achieves the outage capacity
MIMO Outage Capacity in the High SNR Regime Narayan Prasad Mahesh K. Varanasi
Varanasi, Mahesh K.
MIMO Outage Capacity in the High SNR Regime Narayan Prasad Mahesh K. Varanasi NEC Labs. America channel with coherent reception and pro- vide a sharp characterization of the outage capacity in the form on the outage capacities un- der a long-term and a short-term power constraint as well as on the delay
On Secrecy Outage Capacity of Fading Channels Under Relaxed Delay Constraints
Koksal, Can Emre
On Secrecy Outage Capacity of Fading Channels Under Relaxed Delay Constraints Onur Gungor, Can Emre delay constraints. More specif- ically, we extend the definition of outage secrecy capacity for single, we provide bounds on secrecy outage capacity with k + 1 block delay constraint. We show
Intelligent Cloud Capacity Management Yexi Jiang, Chang-Shing Perng, Tao Li, Rong Chang
Li, Tao
, cooling systems, power systems, etc.), and utility (electricity and water). Among these factors, power of the capacity estimation system. The core of the system is the Capacity Predictor, which predicts the future Capacity Controller Feedback Monitory Predict Alive VMs Records Cooling System Server Racks Other
Energy-efficient Capacity-constrained Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks
Venkatesan, S.
1 Energy-efficient Capacity-constrained Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks Maulin Patel*, R or maximize the lifetime of the sensor network without taking into consideration limited capacity of wireless-hoc networks; Routing; Maximum Lifetime; Energy efficient; Capacity-constrained I. INTRODUCTION Wireless sensor
Jindal, Nihar
of Shannon capacity have been developed for multiuser fading channels: ergodic capacity and outage ca- pacity][3], while outage capacity achieves a constant rate in all non-outage fading states subject to an outage probability [4], [5]. Zero-outage capacity refers to outage capacity with zero outage probability [6
Air conditioning system with supplemental ice storing and cooling capacity
Weng, Kuo-Lianq (Taichung, TW); Weng, Kuo-Liang (Taichung, TW)
1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The present air conditioning system with ice storing and cooling capacity can generate and store ice in its pipe assembly or in an ice storage tank particularly equipped for the system, depending on the type of the air conditioning system. The system is characterized in particular in that ice can be produced and stored in the air conditioning system whereby the time of supplying cooled air can be effectively extended with the merit that the operation cycle of the on and off of the compressor can be prolonged, extending the operation lifespan of the compressor in one aspect. In another aspect, ice production and storage in great amount can be performed in an off-peak period of the electrical power consumption and the stored ice can be utilized in the peak period of the power consumption so as to provide supplemental cooling capacity for the compressor of the air conditioning system whereby the shift of peak and off-peak power consumption can be effected with ease. The present air conditioning system can lower the installation expense for an ice-storing air conditioning system and can also be applied to an old conventional air conditioning system.
Hyperdense coding and superadditivity of classical capacities in hypersphere theories
Serge Massar; Stefano Pironio; Damián Pitalúa-García
2015-04-20T23:59:59.000Z
In quantum superdense coding, two parties previously sharing entanglement can communicate a two bit message by sending a single qubit. We study this feature in the broader framework of general probabilistic theories. We consider a particular class of theories in which the local state space of the communicating parties corresponds to Euclidian hyperballs of dimension n (the case n = 3 corresponds to the Bloch ball of quantum theory). We show that a single n-ball can encode at most one bit of information, independently of n. We introduce dense coding protocols in which log_2 (n+1) bits are communicated if entanglement is previously shared by the communicating parties. For n > 3, these protocols are more powerful than the quantum one, because more than two bits are communicated by transmission of a system that locally encodes at most one bit. We call this phenomenon hyperdense coding. Our hyperdense coding protocols imply superadditive classical capacities: two entangled systems can encode log_2 (n+1) > 2 bits, even though each system individually encodes at most one bit. In our examples, hyperdense coding and superadditivity of classical capacities come at the expense of violating tomographic locality or dynamical continuous reversibility.
Dual capacity compressor with reversible motor and controls arrangement therefor
Sisk, Francis J. (Washington Township, Fayette County, PA)
1980-12-02T23:59:59.000Z
A hermetic reciprocating compressor such as may be used in heat pump applications is provided for dual capacity operation by providing the crankpin of the crankshaft with an eccentric ring rotatably mounted thereon, and with the end of the connecting rod opposite the piston encompassing the outer circumference of the eccentric ring, with means limiting the rotation of the eccentric ring upon the crankpin between one end point and an opposite angularly displaced end point to provide different values of eccentricity depending upon which end point the eccentric ring is rotated to upon the crankpin, and a reversible motor in the hermetic shell of the compressor for rotating the crankshaft, the motor operating in one direction effecting the angular displacement of the eccentric ring relative to the crankpin to the one end point, and in the opposite direction effecting the angular displacement of the eccentric ring relative to the crankpin to the opposite end point, this arrangement automatically giving different stroke lengths depending upon the direction of motor rotation. The mechanical structure of the arrangement may take various forms including at least one in which any impact of reversal is reduced by utilizing lubricant passages and chambers at the interface area of the crankpin and eccentric ring to provide a dashpot effect. In the main intended application of the arrangement according to the invention, that is, in a refrigerating or air conditioning system, it is desirable to insure a delay during reversal of the direction of compressor operation. A control arrangement is provided in which the control system controls the direction of motor operation in accordance with temperature conditions, the system including control means for effecting operation in a low capacity direction or alternatively in a high capacity direction in response to one set, and another set, respectively, of temperature conditions and with timer means delaying a restart of the compressor motor for at least a predetermined time in response to a condition of the control means operative to initiate a change in the operating direction of the compressor when it restarts.
Cooling design of large capacity gas insulated transformer
Kawano, Koichiro; Biswas, Debasis; Ishizuka, Masaru; Muramatsu, Koji; Nakadate, Masumi; Toda, Katsutoshi [Toshiba Corp., Kawasaki (Japan)
1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
From the view point of safety and maintenance simplicity, the development of large capacity gas insulated transformer has been desirable. In this type of transformer, the coolant gas is circulated in the gap between the coils to cool it. The flow pattern of coolant in the flow path strongly depend on its configuration formed by the coil. Therefore, in order to achieve high cooling efficiency of coils and at the same time to reduce the pressure loss, it is important to have sufficient knowledge about the flow behavior in the coil flow path. In the present work, in order to improve the coil cooling efficiency, appropriate flow path configuration were decided on the basis of numerical simulation using various coil configuration and validity of the computed results were tested by comparing with experimental data.
On Ergodic Secrecy Capacity for Gaussian MISO Wiretap Channels
Li, Jiangyuan
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A Gaussian multiple-input single-output (MISO) wiretap channel model is considered, where there exists a transmitter equipped with multiple antennas, a legitimate receiver and an eavesdropper each equipped with a single antenna. We study the problem of finding the optimal input covariance that achieves ergodic secrecy capacity subject to a power constraint where only statistical information about the eavesdropper channel is available at the transmitter. This is a non-convex optimization problem that is in general difficult to solve. Existing results address the case in which the eavesdropper or/and legitimate channels have independent and identically distributed Gaussian entries with zero-mean and unit-variance, i.e., the channels have trivial covariances. This paper addresses the general case where eavesdropper and legitimate channels have nontrivial covariances. A set of equations describing the optimal input covariance matrix are proposed along with an algorithm to obtain the solution. Based on this framew...
High capacity adsorption media and method of producing
Tranter, Troy J. (Idaho Falls, ID); Mann, Nicholas R. (Blackfoot, ID); Todd, Terry A. (Aberdeen, ID); Herbst, Ronald S. (Idaho Falls, ID)
2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z
A method of producing an adsorption medium to remove at least one constituent from a feed stream. The method comprises dissolving and/or suspending at least one metal compound in a solvent to form a metal solution, dissolving polyacrylonitrile into the metal solution to form a PAN-metal solution, and depositing the PAN-metal solution into a quenching bath to produce the adsorption medium. The at least one constituent, such as arsenic, selenium, or antimony, is removed from the feed stream by passing the feed stream through the adsorption medium. An adsorption medium having an increased metal loading and increased capacity for arresting the at least one constituent to be removed is also disclosed. The adsorption medium includes a polyacrylonitrile matrix and at least one metal hydroxide incorporated into the polyacrylonitrile matrix.
High capacity adsorption media and method of producing
Tranter, Troy J. (Idaho Falls, ID); Herbst, R. Scott (Idaho Falls, ID); Mann, Nicholas R. (Blackfoot, ID); Todd, Terry A. (Aberdeen, ID)
2008-05-06T23:59:59.000Z
A method of producing an adsorption medium to remove at least one constituent from a feed stream. The method comprises dissolving at least one metal compound in a solvent to form a metal solution, dissolving polyacrylonitrile into the metal solution to form a PAN-metal solution, and depositing the PAN-metal solution into a quenching bath to produce the adsorption medium. The at least one constituent, such as arsenic, selenium, or antimony, is removed from the feed stream by passing the feed stream through the adsorption medium. An adsorption medium having an increased metal loading and increased capacity for arresting the at least one constituent to be removed is also disclosed. The adsorption medium includes a polyacrylonitrile matrix and at least one metal hydroxide incorporated into the polyacrylonitrile matrix.
Long-term need for new generating capacity
Bloomster, C.H.; Merrill, E.T.
1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
Electricity demand should continue to grow at about the same rate as GNP, creating a need for large amounts of new generating capacity by the year 2000. Only coal and nuclear at this time have the abundant domestic resources and assured technology to meet this need. However, large increase in both coal and nuclear usage will not be acceptable to society without solutions to many of the problems that now deter their increased usage. For coal, the problems center around the safety and environmental impacts of increased coal mining and coal combustion. For nuclear the problems center around reactor safety, radioactive waste disposal, financial risk, and nuclear materials safeguards. The fuel requirements and waste generation for coal plants are orders of magnitude greater than for nuclear. Technology improvements and waste management practices must be pursued to mitigate environmental and safety impacts from electricity generation. 26 refs., 14 figs., 23 tabs.
Fang Dongliang; Faessler, Amand; Rodin, Vadim; Simkovic, Fedor [Institute fuer Theoretische Physik der Universitaet Tuebingen, D-72076 Tuebingen (Germany); Yousef, Mohamed Saleh [Department of Physics, University of Cairo, Cairo (Egypt)
2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z
The 2{nu}{beta}{beta}-decay running sums for {sup 76}Ge and {sup 150}Nd nuclei are calculated within a QRPA approach with account for deformation. A realistic nucleon-nucleon residual interaction based on the Brueckner G matrix (for the Bonn CD force) is used. The influence of different model parameters on the functional behavior of the running sums is studied. It is found that the parameter g{sub pp} renormalizing the G matrix in the QRPA particle-particle channel is responsible for a qualitative change in behavior of the running sums at higher excitation energies. For realistic values of g{sub pp} a significant negative contribution to the total 2{nu}{beta}{beta}-decay matrix element is found to come from the energy region of the giant Gamow-Teller resonance. This behavior agrees with results of other authors.
T. M. Aliev; K. Azizi; M. Savci
2009-10-11T23:59:59.000Z
The electric quadrupole and magnetic octupole moments of the light decuplet baryons are calculated in the framework of the light cone QCD sum rules. The obtained non-vanishing values for the electric quadrupole and magnetic octupole moments of these baryons show nonspherical charge distribution. The sign of electric quadrupole moment is positive for $\\Omega^-$, $\\Xi^{*-}$, $\\Sigma^{*-}$ and negative for $\\Sigma^{*+}$, which correspond to the prolate and oblate charge distributions, respectively. A comparison of the obtained results with the predictions of non-covariant quark model which shows a good consistency between two approaches is also presented. Comparison of the obtained results on the multipole moments of the decuplet baryons containing strange quark with those of $\\Delta$ baryons shows a large SU(3) flavor symmetry breaking.
Form factors of B, Bs -> eta, eta' and D, Ds -> eta, eta' transitions from QCD light-cone sum rules
Duplancic, Goran
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In the framework of the QCD light-cone sum rules (LCSRs) we present the analysis of all $B, B_{s}\\to \\eta^{(\\prime)}$ and $D, D_{s}\\to \\eta^{(\\prime)}$ form factors ($f^+, f^0$ and $f^T$) by including $m_{\\eta^{(\\prime)}}^2$ corrections in the leading (up to the twist-four) and next-to-leading order (up to the twist-three) in QCD, and two-gluon contributions to the form factors at the leading twist. The SU(3)-flavour breaking corrections and the axial anomaly contributions to the distribution amplitudes are also consistently taken into account. The complete results for the $f^0$ and $f^T$ form factors of $B,B_s \\to \\eta^{(\\prime)}$ and $D, D_{s} \\to \\eta^{(\\prime)}$ relevant for processes like $B \\to \\eta^{(\\prime)} \\tau \
EVALUATION OF REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DWPF HIGHER CAPACITY CANISTER
Miller, D.; Estochen, E.; Jordan, J.; Kesterson, M.; Mckeel, C.
2014-08-05T23:59:59.000Z
The Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) is considering the option to increase canister glass capacity by reducing the wall thickness of the current production canister. This design has been designated as the DWPF Higher Capacity Canister (HCC). A significant decrease in the number of canisters processed during the life of the facility would be achieved if the HCC were implemented leading to a reduced overall reduction in life cycle costs. Prior to implementation of the change, Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) was requested to conduct an evaluation of the potential impacts. The specific areas of interest included loading and deformation of the canister during the filling process. Additionally, the effect of the reduced wall thickness on corrosion and material compatibility needed to be addressed. Finally the integrity of the canister during decontamination and other handling steps needed to be determined. The initial request regarding canister fabrication was later addressed in an alternate study. A preliminary review of canister requirements and previous testing was conducted prior to determining the testing approach. Thermal and stress models were developed to predict the forces on the canister during the pouring and cooling process. The thermal model shows the HCC increasing and decreasing in temperature at a slightly faster rate than the original. The HCC is shown to have a 3°F ?T between the internal and outer surfaces versus a 5°F ?T for the original design. The stress model indicates strain values ranging from 1.9% to 2.9% for the standard canister and 2.5% to 3.1% for the HCC. These values are dependent on the glass level relative to the thickness transition between the top head and the canister wall. This information, along with field readings, was used to set up environmental test conditions for corrosion studies. Small 304-L canisters were filled with glass and subjected to accelerated environmental testing for 3 months. No evidence of stress corrosion cracking was indicated on either the canisters or U-bend coupons. Calculations and finite element modeling were used to determine forces over a range of handling conditions along with possible forces during decontamination. While expected reductions in some physical characteristics were found in the HCC, none were found to be significant when compared to the required values necessary to perform its intended function. Based on this study and a review of successful testing of thinner canisters at West Valley Demonstration Project (WVDP), the mechanical properties obtained with the thinner wall do not significantly undermine the ability of the canister to perform its intended function.
Graeme Smith
2007-05-25T23:59:59.000Z
We study the symmetric-side-channel-assisted private capacity of a quantum channel, for which we provide a single-letter formula. This capacity is additive, convex, and, for degradable channels, equal to the unassisted private capacity. While a channel's (unassisted) capacity for for private classical communication may be strictly larger than its quantum capacity, we will show that these capacities are equal for degradable channels, thus demonstrating the equivalence of privacy and quantum coherence in this context. We use these ideas to find new bounds on the key rate of quantum key distribution protocols with one-way classical post-processing. For the Bennett-Brassard-84 (BB84) protocol, our results demonstrate that collective attacks are strictly stronger than individual attacks.
McWhorter, Rochell 1963-
2011-08-03T23:59:59.000Z
SCENARIO PLANNING AS THE DEVELOPMENT OF LEADERSHIP CAPABILITY AND CAPACITY; AND VIRTUAL HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT A Dissertation by ROCHELL RAE MCWHORTER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University... Capability and Capacity; and Virtual Human Resource Development Copyright 2011 Rochell Rae McWhorter SCENARIO PLANNING AS THE DEVELOPMENT OF LEADERSHIP CAPABILITY AND CAPACITY; AND VIRTUAL HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT A Dissertation...
Loflin, Wilburn Joseph
1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of asbestos which the manufacturing company specified that its vacuum cleaner was designed to contain (manufacturer's specified capacity). The suction pressure and airborne fiber concentrations were taken at each amount to determine what effect capacity... had upon vacuum cleaner performance. The analysis conducted on the collected data and the graphical repre- sentations of that data indicated that the effect capacity had upon vacuum cleaner performance was not evident in the airborne fiber con...
Enhancement of Hydrogen Storage Capacity in Hydrate Lattices
Yoo, Soohaeng; Xantheas, Sotiris S.
2012-02-16T23:59:59.000Z
First principles electronic structure calculations of the gas phase pentagonal dodecahedron (H2O)20 (D-cage) and tetrakaidecahedron (H2O)24 (T-cage), which are building blocks of structure I (sI) hydrate lattice, suggest that these can accommodate up to a maximum of 5 and 7 guest hydrogen molecules, respectively. For the pure hydrogen hydrate, Born-Oppenheimer Molecular Dynamics (BOMD) simulations of periodic (sI) hydrate lattices indicate that the guest molecules are released into the vapor phase via the hexagonal phases of the larger T-cages. An additional mechanism for the migration between neighboring D- and T-cages was found to occur through a shared pentagonal face via the breaking and reforming of a hydrogen bond. This molecular mechanism is also found for the expulsion of a CH4 molecule from the D-cage. The presence of methane in the larger T-cages was found to block this release, therefore suggesting possible scenarios for the stabilization of these mixed guest clathrate hydrates and the potential enhancement of their hydrogen storage capacity.
Exploring Opportunities for Energy Efficiency as a Revenue Stream in the Forward Capacity Markets
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Provides information for energy efficiency programs on the opportunities and challenges associated with participating in forward capacity markets and reliability pricing models as potential revenue streams.
1993 Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study, Technical Appendix: Volume 2, Book 2, Capacity.
United States. Bonneville Power Administration.
1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
Monthly totals of utility loads and capacities extrapolated as far as 2009 with a probability estimate of enough water resources for hydro power.
Comment on ''Secret-key-assisted private classical communication capacity over quantum channels''
Wilde, Mark M. [School of Computer Science, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3A 2A7 (Canada)
2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
The paper of Hsieh, Luo, and Brun (HLB) [Phys. Rev. A 78, 042306 (2008)] contains several issues with the capacity theorem presented there, one of which is the suggestion that a sender and receiver can achieve entanglement-assisted classical capacity without any entanglement at all, and another of which is a violation of the Holevo bound. There is also an issue with the converse proof of the capacity theorem. In this comment, I point out these issues and provide revisions of the capacity theorem and the converse proof.
Fetcho-Phillips, Kacey L. (Kacey Lynn)
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Application of system optimization theory, supply chain principles, and capacity modeling are increasingly valuable tools for use in pharmaceutical manufacturing facilities. The dynamics of the pharmaceutical industry - ...
Coughlin, Katie
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
ngcc nuclear coal ngcc nuclear other peaking renewable otherpeaking renewable Terawatt- hours Terawatt-hoursnuclear other peaking renewable Marginal Capacity Starting
The Third Wave: Innovation and Strategic Military Capacity in the Future
COWHEY, Peter
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
APRIL 2013 The Third Wave: Innovation and Strategic Militaryassumes that the balance of innovation capacity matters forThe analysis treats innovation as the successful
Wireless networks in non-ergodic multipath fading : capacity and relaying performance analysis
Nebat, Yoav
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
3 The Capacity of Wireless Networks in Non-Ergodic Multipathdiversity in wireless networks: Ef?cient protocols anddiversity in wireless networks,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory,
Gloger, Kelly C
1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Two experiments were conducted to determine: 1.) the waste treatment capacity of raft hydroponic lettuce production in an integrated fish culture system and 2.) the contribution of lettuce plants, Lactuca saliva, cv. Paris ...
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
part of the Altaids (CAOB) in Inner Mongolia, China Guanzhong Shi a,b Michel Faureb , Bei Xua,* , Pan mélange and a magmatic arc that form the main elements of the Southern Orogen Belt of Inner Mongolia of the mélange conducted in the Hongqi and Ondor Sum areas (western Inner Mongolia) shows two phrases of ductile
Thermoelectric-power water withdrawals by cooling type, 2005. [Values may not sum to totals because,190 5,850 .33 .01 0 273 273 New Mexico.............. 0 0 0 0 0 10.4 0 45.5 0 55.9 New York
ON MIMO CHANNEL CAPACITY, SPATIAL SAMPLING AND THE LAWS OF ELECTROMAGNETISM
Loyka, Sergey
ON MIMO CHANNEL CAPACITY, SPATIAL SAMPLING AND THE LAWS OF ELECTROMAGNETISM Sergey Loyka School by the laws of electromagnetism on achievable MIMO channel capacity in its general form. Our approach is a two expansion of a generic electromagnetic wave combined with Nyquist sampling theorem in the spatial domain, we
On the Storage Capacity of the Hopfield Model with Biased Patterns
Bielefeld, University of
On the Storage Capacity of the Hopfield Model with Biased Patterns Matthias LÂ¨owe Universit@mathematik.uniÂbielefeld.de Keywords: Hopfield model, neural networks, storage capacity, Markov chains, large deviations AMS Subject can store N fl log N or ffN biased patterns (depending on which notion of storage is used
Feedback Can Increase the CapacityCost Function of Discrete Channels with Memory y
Alajaji, Fady
bound to the capacitycost func tion with feedback (CFB (fi)). The lower bound to CFB (fi) is then shown numerically to exceed the upper bound to CNFB (fi). An upper bound to CFB (fi) is also obtained and feedback capacitycost functions -- denoted by CNFB (fi) and CFB (fi) respectively -- in order to deter
Approximate Dynamic Programming for Dynamic Capacity Allocation with Multiple Priority Levels
Topaloglu, Huseyin
Approximate Dynamic Programming for Dynamic Capacity Allocation with Multiple Priority Levels In this paper, we consider a quite general dynamic capacity allocation problem. There is a fixed amount of daily to construct separable approximations to the value functions. We use the value function approximations for two
Gosavi, Abhijit
for determining AGV capacity in a manufacturing system Abhijit Gosavi and Scott E. Grasman Email: gosavia Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO 65409, USA Abstract We consider a manufacturing from the standpoint of making a system lean. Optimization of the AGV's capacity can be performed
Journal of Environmental Health Features Tools Developed by CDC Capacity-Building Grantees
Journal of Environmental Health Features Tools Developed by CDC Capacity-Building Grantees developed by the grantees are designed to be models and/or toolkits that can be used by other environmentalAugust 2007 Journal or Environmental Health featured articles written by capacity-building grantees: · Using
Self-adaptive Cloud Capacity Planning Yexi Jiang, Chang-shing Perng, Tao Li, Rong Chang
Li, Tao
Self-adaptive Cloud Capacity Planning Yexi Jiang, Chang-shing Perng, Tao Li, Rong Chang School}@us.ibm.com Abstract--The popularity of cloud service spurs the increas- ing demands of cloud resources to the cloud a new method for cloud capacity planning with the goal of fully utilizing the physical resources, as we
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Optimal transition from coal to gas and renewable power under capacity constraints and adjustment existing coal power plants to gas and renewable power under a carbon budget. It solves a model of polluting, exhaustible resources with capacity constraints and adjustment costs (to build coal, gas, and renewable power
Non-Coherent Capacity of Secret-Key Agreement with Public Discussion
Khisti, Ashish
1 Non-Coherent Capacity of Secret-Key Agreement with Public Discussion Anurag Agrawal, Zouheir--We study the non-coherent capacity of secret-key agreement with public discussion over i.i.d. Rayleigh state information (CSI). We present two results. At high Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR), the secret
Eldar, Yonina
BEAMFORMING MAXIMIZES THE MISO COMPOUND CAPACITY Ami Wiesel, Yonina C. Eldar and Shlomo Shamai for exploiting this multiple in- put single output (MISO) channel are space time coding, and beamforming (BF]. The capacity achieving transmit technique in MISO chan- nels with additive Gaussian noise is signaling using
Capacity Withholding in Restructured Wholesale Power Markets: An Agent-Based Test Bed Study
Tesfatsion, Leigh
include: central management and oversight by an independent market operator; a two-settlement system operating capacity) and economic capacity withholding (reporting of higher- than-true marginal costs). We operating under some variant of FERC's market design. Energy regions that have adopted (or plan to adopt
Saltzman, Wendy
Effects of voluntary activity and genetic selection on aerobic capacity in house mice (Mus of voluntary activity and genetic selection on aerobic capacity in house mice (Mus domesticus). J. Appl. Physiol. 84(1): 6976, 1998.--An animal model was developed to study effects on components of exercise
Capacity-Achieving Ensembles of Accumulate-Repeat-Accumulate Codes for the
Sason, Igal
Capacity-Achieving Ensembles of Accumulate-Repeat-Accumulate Codes for the Erasure Channel-- The paper introduces ensembles of accumulate- repeat-accumulate (ARA) codes which asymptotically achieve by the first capacity-achieving ensembles of irregular repeat- accumulate (IRA) codes with bounded complexity
A NEW INTERPRETATION OF DATA HIDING CAPACITY cagatay Candan and Nikil Jayant
Candan, Cagatay
:{candan,jayant}@ece.gatech.edu ABSTRACT We present a new definition of data hiding capacity which complements the established theory complements the theory set forth in [2, 3, 41. Furthermore this definition gives practical estimates the proposed definition and the current theoret- ical work on data hiding capacity. The definition proposed
hal-00179852,version1-13Nov2007 Entropy of capacities on lattices and set
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
definition of Shannon for probability measures is at the core of information theory. Therefore, many attempts propose a definition for the entropy of capacities defined on lattices. Classical capacities are monotone. Our definition encom- passes the classical definition of Shannon for probability measures, as well
CCM: Scalable, On-Demand Compute Capacity Management for Cloud Datacenters
Lee, Hsien-Hsin "Sean"
CCM: Scalable, On-Demand Compute Capacity Management for Cloud Datacenters Mukil Kesavan, Irfan of Technology, ±CloudPhysics, Inc, Boston University, VMware Inc. Abstract We present CCM (Cloud Capacity, CCM also focuses on the tradeoffs due to two unavoidable issues in large scale commodity datacenters
Stress generation during lithiation of high-capacity electrode particles in lithium ion batteries
Zhu, Ting
Stress generation during lithiation of high-capacity electrode particles in lithium ion batteries S in controlling stress generation in high-capacity electrodes for lithium ion batteries. Ó 2013 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Keywords: Lithium ion battery; Lithiation
Parameter Estimation and Capacity Fade Analysis of Lithium-Ion Batteries Using Reformulated Models
Parameter Estimation and Capacity Fade Analysis of Lithium-Ion Batteries Using Reformulated Models and characterize capacity fade in lithium-ion batteries. As a comple- ment to approaches to mathematically model been made in developing lithium-ion battery models that incor- porate transport phenomena
Large Plastic Deformation in High-Capacity Lithium-Ion Batteries Caused by Charge and Discharge
Suo, Zhigang
Large Plastic Deformation in High-Capacity Lithium-Ion Batteries Caused by Charge and Discharge, Massachusetts 02138 Evidence has accumulated recently that a high-capacity elec- trode of a lithium-ion battery in the particle is high, possibly leading to fracture and cavitation. I. Introduction LITHIUM-ION batteries
A High Capacity Hybrid Fiberoptic/Wireless Communication System: An Overview W. D. Jemison1
Herczfeld, Peter
A High Capacity Hybrid Fiberoptic/Wireless Communication System: An Overview by W. D. Jemison1 , P This paper describes the development of a hybrid fiberoptic/wireless communications system. The system picocell. The system can support high-capacity (Gb/s) secure mobile communications for both military
PV AND GRID RELIABILITY: AVAILABILITY OF PV POWER DURING CAPACITY SHORTFALLS
Perez, Richard R.
; (3) the solar load controller's (SLC) minimum temperature adjustment [6], is an other indirect-axis tracking PV geometry. This map shows three regions of high PV capacity: the southwestern US the Great% for fixed and tracking PV. Effective capacities are slightly larger in New York City than in Long Island
QUANTIFYING CROSS-WEAVE IMPACT ON CAPACITY REDUCTION FOR FREEWAY FACILITIES WITH MANAGED LANES
Washington at Seattle, University of
raises concerns towards environmental impact and sustainable development of transportation5 systems. One With the increasing concerns towards environmental impacts and sustainability of roadway2 capacity expansionDRAFT QUANTIFYING CROSS-WEAVE IMPACT ON CAPACITY REDUCTION FOR FREEWAY FACILITIES WITH MANAGED
Multi-Period Production Capacity Planning for Integrated Product and Production System Design*
Saitou, Kazuhiro "Kazu"
Multi-Period Production Capacity Planning for Integrated Product and Production System Design* Emre.ac.uk kazu@umich.edu .Abstract This paper presents a simulation-based method to aid multi-period production capacity planning by quantifying the trade-off between product quality and production cost. The product
Physics 1114: Unit 7 Homework Use the table in your text for specific heat capacity values.
Mansell, Edward "Ted"
Physics 1114: Unit 7 Homework Use the table in your text for specific heat capacity values. Problem at 20 C? [Specific heat capacity of air = 703 J/(kg C ) at constant volume.] 7. What is the specific C? Specific Heat of Silver = 236 J/(kg C ) Melting point = 961 C Heat of Fusion = 8.7990 × 104 J
Capacity Value of PV and Wind Generation in the NV Energy System
Lu, Shuai; Diao, Ruisheng; Samaan, Nader A.; Etingov, Pavel V.
2014-03-21T23:59:59.000Z
Calculation of photovoltaic (PV) and wind power capacity values is important for estimating additional load that can be served by new PV or wind installations in the electrical power system. It also is the basis for assigning capacity credit payments in systems with markets. Because of variability in solar and wind resources, PV and wind generation contribute to power system resource adequacy differently from conventional generation. Many different approaches to calculating PV and wind generation capacity values have been used by utilities and transmission operators. Using the NV Energy system as a study case, this report applies peak-period capacity factor (PPCF) and effective load carrying capability (ELCC) methods to calculate capacity values for renewable energy sources. We show the connection between the PPCF and ELCC methods in the process of deriving a simplified approach that approximates the ELCC method. This simplified approach does not require generation fleet data and provides the theoretical basis for a quick check on capacity value results of PV and wind generation. The diminishing return of capacity benefit as renewable generation increases is conveniently explained using the simplified capacity value approach.
Thin film microcalorimeter for heat capacity measurements from 1.5 to 800 K
Hellman, Frances
Thin film microcalorimeter for heat capacity measurements from 1.5 to 800 K , D. W. Denlinger, E. N for publication 13 January 1994) A new microcalorimeter for measuring heat capacity of thin films in the range 1 silicon nitride membrane as the sample substrate, a Pt thin film resistor for temperatures greater than 40
CAPACITY AT SIGNALIZED INTERSECTION APPROACH WITH A SHORT RIGHT-TURN LANE
Tian, Zong Z.
blockage to the short right-turn lane. The proposed model provides enhancements to the current Highway to the short-lane section, the capacity of the approach is reduced. The current HCM procedure wouldCAPACITY AT SIGNALIZED INTERSECTION APPROACH WITH A SHORT RIGHT-TURN LANE Zong Z. Tian Associate
System capacity of FTDMA cellular systems G. Caire 1 , R. Knopp 2 and P. Humblet 2
Humblet, Pierre A.
maximum outage probability. Outage is defined as the event that the mutual information of the interference on a typical urban mobile environment. Keywords --- Cellular system capacity, blockfading channels, outage are obtained as special cases. System capacity is constrained by the maximum allowed outage probability. We
IEEE COMMUNICATIONS LETTERS, VOL. 17, NO. 1, JANUARY 2013 127 Capacity of Zero-Outage Scheme
Candan, Cagatay
IEEE COMMUNICATIONS LETTERS, VOL. 17, NO. 1, JANUARY 2013 127 Capacity of Zero-Outage Scheme Under Imprecise Channel State Information C¸ a~gatay Candan Abstract--The capacity of zero-outage scheme-to-noise-ratio fluctuates and the scheme suffers from com- munication outages. Exact analytical expressions characterizing
1994 lubricating oil and wax capacities of U. S. and Canadian refineries
Not Available
1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The paper consists of several tables which list the names of US and Canadian refineries, their location, and their capacity for production of lubricating oil and waxes categorized by finishing operations and primary processing. A separate table lists US and Canadian re-refiners and their capacity for refining waste lubricating oils.
Transport Capacity of Wireless Networks: Benefits from Multi-Access Computation Coding
Boucherie, Richard J.
Transport Capacity of Wireless Networks: Benefits from Multi-Access Computation Coding Jasper on the transport capacity of wireless networks of different physical layer coding mechanisms. We compare the performance of traditional channel coding techniques, turning the wireless network in reliable point
TRANSBOUNDARY RIVER FLOODS AND INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY1 Marloes H.N. Bakker2
Wolf, Aaron
TRANSBOUNDARY RIVER FLOODS AND INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY1 Marloes H.N. Bakker2 ABSTRACT: While transboundary flood events have become more frequent on a global scale the past two dec- ades, they appear to identify the IRBs with adequate institutional capacity for management of transboundary floods. It also
The Economic Implications of Adding Wind Capacity to a Bulk Power Transmission Network
The Economic Implications of Adding Wind Capacity to a Bulk Power Transmission Network by Tim Mount. * Corresponding author, tdm2@cornell.edu. #12;2 The Economic Implications of Adding Wind Capacity to a Bulk Power limitations of solving large AC Optimal Power Flows (OPF) for real networks, system operators typically use
Capacity of a 3-D multi-layer optical data storage system , Edwin P. Walkera
Esener, Sadik C.
Capacity of a 3-D multi-layer optical data storage system Yi Zhanga* , Edwin P. Walkera , Wenyi) Emcore Fiber Optics Components, 1600 Eubank Blvd. SE, Albuquerque, NM 87123 ABSTRACT Storage capacity of a 3-D multi-layer optical data storage system is analyzed. Theoretical analysis of recorded bit size
Comparison of Capacity Value Methods for Photovoltaics in the Western United States
Madaeni, S. H.; Sioshansi, R.; Denholm, P.
2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report compares different capacity value estimation techniques applied to solar photovoltaics (PV). It compares more robust data and computationally intense reliability-based capacity valuation techniques to simpler approximation techniques at 14 different locations in the western United States. The capacity values at these locations are computed while holding the underlying power system characteristics fixed. This allows the effect of differences in solar availability patterns on the capacity value of PV to be directly ascertained, without differences in the power system confounding the results. Finally, it examines the effects of different PV configurations, including varying the orientation of a fixed-axis system and installing single- and double-axis tracking systems, on the capacity value. The capacity value estimations are done over an eight-year running from 1998 to 2005, and both long-term average capacity values and interannual capacity value differences (due to interannual differences in solar resource availability) are estimated. Overall, under the assumptions used in the analysis, we find that some approximation techniques can yield similar results to reliability-based methods such as effective load carrying capability.
Feng, Ranran; Guo, Yuan; Lu, Rong; Velarde Ruiz Esparza, Luis A.; Wang, Hongfei
2011-06-16T23:59:59.000Z
Tremendous progresses have been made in quantitative understanding and interpretation of the hydrogen bonding and ordering structure at the air/water interface since the first sum-frequency generation vibrational spectroscopy (SFG-VS) measurement on the neat air/water interface by Q. Du et al. in 1993 (PRL, 70, 2312-2316, 1993.). However, there are still disagreements and controversies on the consistency between the different experiment measurements and the theoretical computational results. One critical problem lies in the inconsistency between the SFG-VS intensity measurements and the recently developed SFG-VS phase spectra measurements of the neat air/water interface, which has inspired various theoretical efforts trying to understand them. In this report, the reliability of the SFG-VS intensity spectra of the neat air/water interface is to be quantitatively examined, and the sources of possible inaccuracies in the SFG-VS phase spectral measurement is to be discussed based on the non-resonant SHG phase measurement results. The conclusion is that the SFG-VS intensity spectra data from different laboratories are now quantitatively converging and in agreement with each other, and the possible inaccuracies and inconsistencies in the SFG-VS phase spectra measurements need to be carefully examined against the properly corrected phase standard.
Holinga IV, G.H.
2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
Sum frequency generation (SFG) vibrational spectroscopy was used to investigate the interfacial properties of several amino acids, peptides, and proteins adsorbed at the hydrophilic polystyrene solid-liquid and the hydrophobic silica solid-liquid interfaces. The influence of experimental geometry on the sensitivity and resolution of the SFG vibrational spectroscopy technique was investigated both theoretically and experimentally. SFG was implemented to investigate the adsorption and organization of eight individual amino acids at model hydrophilic and hydrophobic surfaces under physiological conditions. Biointerface studies were conducted using a combination of SFG and quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) comparing the interfacial structure and concentration of two amino acids and their corresponding homopeptides at two model liquid-solid interfaces as a function of their concentration in aqueous solutions. The influence of temperature, concentration, equilibration time, and electrical bias on the extent of adsorption and interfacial structure of biomolecules were explored at the liquid-solid interface via QCM and SFG. QCM was utilized to quantify the biological activity of heparin functionalized surfaces. A novel optical parametric amplifier was developed and utilized in SFG experiments to investigate the secondary structure of an adsorbed model peptide at the solid-liquid interface.
Velarde Ruiz Esparza, Luis A.; Wang, Hongfei
2013-10-14T23:59:59.000Z
The relative phase and amplitude ratio between the ssp and ppp polarization combinations of the vibrational sum-frequency generation (SFG) response can be uniquely and accurately determined by the polarization null angle (PNA) method. In this report we show that PNA measurements of the -CN vibration in the 4-n pentyl-4'-cyanoterphenyl (5CT) Langmuir monolayer at the air/water interface yields ssp and ppp response of the same phase, while those in the 4-n-octyl-4'cyanobiphenyl (8CB) Langmuir monolayer have the opposite phase. Accordingly, the -CN group in the 5CT monolayer is tilted around 25+/-2 from the interface normal, while that in the 8CB is tilted around 57+/-2, consistent with the significant differences in the phase diagrams and hydrogen bonding SFG spectra of the two Langmuir monolayers as reported in the literature. These results also demonstrate that in SFG studies the relative phase information of the different polarization combinations, especially for the ssp and ppp, is important in the unique determination of the tilt angle and conformation of a molecular group at the interface.
Improved f_{D*_(s)}, f_{B*_(s)} and f_{B_c} from QCD Laplace sum rules
Stephan Narison
2015-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
Anticipating future precise measurements of the D- and B-like (semi-)leptonic and hadronic decays for alternative determinations of the CKM mixing angles, we pursue our program on the D- and B-like mesons by improving the estimates of f_{D*_(s)} and f_{B*_(s)} (analogue to f_\\pi) by using the well-established (inverse) Laplace sum rules (LSR) and / or their suitable ratios less affected by the systematics, which are known to N2LO pQCD and where the complete d = 6 non-perturbative condensate contributions are included. The convergence of the PT series is analyzed by an estimate of the N3LO terms based on geometric growth of the coefficients. In addition to the standard LSR variable {\\tau} and the QCD continuum threshold t_c stability criteria, we extract our optimal results by also requiring stability on the variation of the arbitrary QCD subtraction point {\\mu}. We complete the analysis by a direct estimate of f_{B_c}. Our results summarized in Tables III and IV are compared with some other recent estimates.
Meson mixing in the QCD sum rules and its application to the charge symmetry breaking N-N force
Meissner, T. [Institute for Nuclear Theory, HN-12, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); Henley, E.M. [Institute for Nuclear Theory, HN-12, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)]|[Physics Department, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); Hatsuda, T. [Institute of Physics, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 (Japan); Chan, C. [Physics Department, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)
1995-05-10T23:59:59.000Z
We calculate the {rho}-{omega} as well as the {pi}-{eta} mixing amplitude using QCD sum rules and the dispersion relation for the vector and the axial vector currents in the corresponding isospin channels, respectively. We find that the {rho}-{omega} mixing amplitude is strongly {ital q}{sup 2} dependent. Going off shell the mixing decreases, changes sign at {ital q}{sup 2}{congruent}0.4{ital m}{sup 2}{sub {rho}}{gt}0 and is negative in the space like region. This is in qualitative agreement with the results of various quark and hadronic models. Implications to the charge symmetry breaking (CSB) nuclear force are discussed. On the other hand the {ital q}{sup 2} dependence of the {pi}-{eta} mixing turns out to be very weak. The value of this amplitude is with about {minus}4000 MeV{sup 2} close to the one obtained in chiral perturbation theory and from the fit to the CSB NN potential. {copyright} {ital 1995} {ital American} {ital Institute} {ital of} {ital Physics}.
EIA models and capacity building in Viet Nam: an analysis of development aid programs
Doberstein, Brent
2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
There has been a decided lack of empirical research examining development aid agencies as 'agents of change' in environmental impact assessment (EIA) systems in developing countries, particularly research examining the model of environmental planning practice promoted by aid agencies as part of capacity building. This paper briefly traces a conceptual framework of EIA, then introduces the concept of 'EIA capacity building'. Using Viet Nam as a case study, the paper then outlines the empirical results of the research, focusing on the extent to which aid agency capacity-building programs promoted a Technical vs. Planning Model of EIA and on the coherence of capacity-building efforts across all aid programs. A discussion follows, where research results are interpreted within the Vietnamese context, and implications of research results are identified for three main groups of actors. The paper concludes by calling for development aid agencies to reconceptualise EIA capacity building as an opportunity to transform developing countries' development planning processes.
Economic Development Impacts of Colorado's First 1,000 Megawatts of Wind Energy
Not Available
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This fact sheet summarizes the findings of a report authored by Sandra Reategui and Suzanne Tegen of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). A confluence of events ignited soaring growth in the number of Colorado?s wind power installations in recent years, from 291 megawatts (MW) of nameplate capacity in 2006 to 1,067 MW (nameplate capacity) in 2007. Analyzing the economic impact of Colorado?s first 1,000 MW of wind energy development not only provides a summary of benefits now enjoyed by the state?s population, but it also provides a sense of the economic development opportunities associated with other new wind project scenarios, including the U.S. Department of Energy?s 20% Wind Energy by 2030 scenario. The analysis can be used by interested parties in other states as an example of the potential economic impacts if they were to adopt 1,000 MW of wind power development.
Temporary Losses of Highway Capacity and Impacts on Performance: Phase 2
Chin, S.M.
2004-11-10T23:59:59.000Z
Traffic congestion and its impacts significantly affect the nation's economic performance and the public's quality of life. In most urban areas, travel demand routinely exceeds highway capacity during peak periods. In addition, events such as crashes, vehicle breakdowns, work zones, adverse weather, railroad crossings, large trucks loading/unloading in urban areas, and other factors such as toll collection facilities and sub-optimal signal timing cause temporary capacity losses, often worsening the conditions on already congested highway networks. The impacts of these temporary capacity losses include delay, reduced mobility, and reduced reliability of the highway system. They can also cause drivers to re-route or reschedule trips. Such information is vital to formulating sound public policies for the highway infrastructure and its operation. In response to this need, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, sponsored by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), made an initial attempt to provide nationwide estimates of the capacity losses and delay caused by temporary capacity-reducing events (Chin et al. 2002). This study, called the Temporary Loss of Capacity (TLC) study, estimated capacity loss and delay on freeways and principal arterials resulting from fatal and non-fatal crashes, vehicle breakdowns, and adverse weather, including snow, ice, and fog. In addition, it estimated capacity loss and delay caused by sub-optimal signal timing at intersections on principal arterials. It also included rough estimates of capacity loss and delay on Interstates due to highway construction and maintenance work zones. Capacity loss and delay were estimated for calendar year 1999, except for work zone estimates, which were estimated for May 2001 to May 2002 due to data availability limitations. Prior to the first phase of this study, which was completed in May of 2002, no nationwide estimates of temporary losses of highway capacity by type of capacity-reducing event had been made. This report describes the second phase of the TLC study (TLC2). TLC2 improves upon the first study by expanding the scope to include delays from rain, toll collection facilities, railroad crossings, and commercial truck pickup and delivery (PUD) activities in urban areas. It includes estimates of work zone capacity loss and delay for all freeways and principal arterials, rather than for Interstates only. It also includes improved estimates of delays caused by fog, snow, and ice, which are based on data not available during the initial phase of the study. Finally, computational errors involving crash and breakdown delay in the original TLC report are corrected.
2012-12-14T23:59:59.000Z
Dec 14, 2012 ... weighted items and wants to maximize the total weight of its own ... equilibria and the associated quality measures, namely Price of Anarchy and ... mission Control problem (ACP) which, in a wide sense, refers to the design of.
Kweskin, S.J.
2006-05-19T23:59:59.000Z
Sum frequency generation (SFG) surface vibrational spectroscopy was used to characterize interfaces pertinent to current surface engineering applications, such as thin film polymers and novel catalysts. An array of advanced surface science techniques like scanning probe microscopy (SPM), x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), gas chromatography (GC) and electron microscopy were used to obtain experimental measurements complementary to SFG data elucidating polymer and catalyst surface composition, surface structure, and surface mechanical behavior. Experiments reported in this dissertation concentrate on three fundamental questions: (1) How does the interfacial molecular structure differ from that of the bulk in real world applications? (2) How do differences in chemical environment affect interface composition or conformation? (3) How do these changes correlate to properties such as mechanical or catalytic performance? The density, surface energy and bonding at a solid interface dramatically alter the polymer configuration, physics and mechanical properties such as surface glass transition, adhesion and hardness. The enhanced sensitivity of SFG at the buried interface is applied to three systems: a series of acrylates under compression, the compositions and segregation behavior of binary polymer polyolefin blends, and the changes in surface structure of a hydrogel as a function of hydration. In addition, a catalytically active thin film of polymer coated nanoparticles is investigated to evaluate the efficacy of SFG to provide in situ information for catalytic reactions involving small mass adsorption and/or product development. Through the use of SFG, in situ total internal reflection (TIR) was used to increase the sensitivity of SFG and provide the necessary specificity to investigate interfaces of thin polymer films and nanostructures previously considered unfeasible. The dynamic nature of thin film surfaces is examined and it is found that the non-equilibrium states contribute to practical applications of acrylates, blends and hydrogels. Lastly, nanoparticle surfaces and the catalytic activity and selectivity of platinum cube nanoparticles are correlated to the surface intermediates in a high pressure flow reactor.
Aubert, B.; Barate, R.; Boutigny, D.; Couderc, F.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Tisserand, V.; Zghiche, A.; /Annecy, LAPP; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona, IFAE; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; Pompili, A.; /Bari U. /INFN, Bari; Chen, J.C.; Qi, N.D.; Rong, G.; Wang, P.; Zhu, Y.S.; /Beijing, Inst. High Energy Phys.; Eigen, G.; Ofte, I.; Stugu, B. /Bergen U. /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /Bristol U. /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UCLA /UC, Riverside /UC, San
2005-08-26T23:59:59.000Z
Using 88.9 million B{bar B} events collected by the BABAR detector at the {Upsilon}(4S), they measure the branching fraction for the radiative penguin process B {yields} X{sub s}{gamma} from the sum of 38 exclusive final states. The inclusive branching fraction above a minimum photon energy E{sub {gamma}} > 1.9 GeV is {Beta}(b {yields} s{gamma}) = (3.27 {+-} 0.18(stat.){sub -0.40}{sup +0.55}(syst.){sub -0.09}{sup +0.04}(theory)) x 10{sup -4}. They also measure the isospin asymmetry between B{sup -} {yields} X{sub s{bar u}}{gamma} and {bar B}{sup 0} {yields} X{sub sd}{gamma} to be {Delta}{sub 0-} = -0.006 {+-} 0.058(stat.) {+-} 0.009(syst.) {+-} 0.024({bar B}{sup 0}/B{sup -}). The photon energy spectrum is measured in the B rest frame, from which moments are derived for different values of the minimum photon energy. They present fits to the photon spectrum and moments which give the heavy-quark parameters m{sub b} and {mu}{sub {pi}}{sup 2}. The fitted parameters are consistent with those obtained from semileptonic B {yields} X{sub c}{ell}{nu} decays, and are useful inputs for the extraction of |V{sub ub}| from measurements of semileptonic B {yields} X{sub u}{ell}{nu} decays.
Sharma, Shweta
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The article is based on the differential properties of the inner generators (singularities) that occur while handling SP series (sum product series), power series whose Taylor coefficients can be written as sum-product combinations. It is an elaboration with numerical details and some explicit calculations of the chapter 6 of the joint article with Ecalle on these series. For all polynomial inputs $f$ and all monomial inputs $F$, the inner generators corresponding to them verify ordinary differential equations of linear homogeneous type with polynomial coefficients. Numerical results strongly suggest the non-existence of ODEs for functions $F$ that are rational but not monomial, i.e. not of the form ${(1-ax)}^p$, for $p \\in \\mathbb{Z}$.
Transparent hydrogel with enhanced water retention capacity by introducing highly hydratable salt
Bai, Yuanyuan; Xiang, Feng; Wang, Hong, E-mail: hwang@mail.xjtu.edu.cn, E-mail: suo@seas.harvard.edu [Electronic Materials Research Laboratory, School of Electronics and Information Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049 (China); Chen, Baohong; Zhou, Jinxiong [State Key Laboratory for Strength and Vibration of Mechanical Structures, International Center for Applied Mechanics and School of Aerospace, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049 (China); Suo, Zhigang, E-mail: hwang@mail.xjtu.edu.cn, E-mail: suo@seas.harvard.edu [School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Kavli Institute of Bionano Science and Technology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States)
2014-10-13T23:59:59.000Z
Polyacrylamide hydrogels containing salt as electrolyte have been used as highly stretchable transparent electrodes in flexible electronics, but those hydrogels are easy to dry out due to water evaporation. Targeted, we try to enhance water retention capacity of polyacrylamide hydrogel by introducing highly hydratable salts into the hydrogel. These hydrogels show enhanced water retention capacity in different level. Specially, polyacrylamide hydrogel containing high content of lithium chloride can retain over 70% of its initial water even in environment with relative humidity of only 10% RH. The excellent water retention capacities of these hydrogels will make more applications of hydrogels become possible.
Determining Optimal Equipment Capacities in Cooling, Heating and Power (CHP) Systems
DeVault, Robert C [ORNL; Hudson II, Carl Randy [ORNL
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Evaluation of potential cooling, heating and power (CHP) applications requires an assessment of the operations and economics of a particular system in meeting the electric and thermal demands of a specific end-use facility. A key determinate in whether a candidate system will be economic is the proper selection of equipment capacities. A methodology to determine the optimal capacities for CHP prime movers and absorption chillers using nonlinear optimization algorithms has been coded into a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet tool that performs the capacity optimization and operations simulation. This paper presents details on the use and results of this publicly available tool.
Rocky Mountain Regional CO{sub 2} Storage Capacity and Significance
Laes, Denise; Eisinger, Chris; Esser, Richard; Morgan, Craig; Rauzi, Steve; Scholle, Dana; Matthews, Vince; McPherson, Brian
2013-08-30T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of this study includes extensive characterization of the most promising geologic CO{sub 2} storage formations on the Colorado Plateau, including estimates of maximum possible storage capacity. The primary targets of characterization and capacity analysis include the Cretaceous Dakota Formation, the Jurassic Entrada Formation and the Permian Weber Formation and their equivalents in the Colorado Plateau region. The total CO{sub 2} capacity estimates for the deep saline formations of the Colorado Plateau region range between 9.8 metric GT and 143 metric GT, depending on assumed storage efficiency, formations included, and other factors.
Armstrong, Darrell Jewell; Smith, Arlee Virgil
2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
We have built and tested a highly efficient source of pulsed 320 nm light based on intra-cavity sum-frequency-generation in a self-injection-seeded image-rotating nanosecond optical parametric oscillator. The four-mirror nonplanar ring optical cavity uses the RISTRA geometry, denoting rotated-image singly-resonant twisted rectangle. The cavity contains a type-II xz-cut KTP crystal pumped by the 532 nm second harmonic of Nd:YAG to generate an 803{approx}nm signal and 1576 nm idler, and a type-II BBO crystal to sum-frequency mix the 532 nm pump and cavity-resonant 803 nm signal to generate 320 nm light. The cavity is configured so pump light passes first through the BBO crystal and then through the KTP crystal with the 320 nm light exiting through the output coupler following the BBO sum-frequency crystal. The cavity output coupler is designed to be a high reflector at 532 nm, have high transmission at 320 nm, and reflect approximately 85% at 803 nm. With this configuration we've obtained 1064 nm to 320 nm optical-to-optical conversion efficiency of 24% and generated single-frequency {lambda} = 320 nm pulses with energies up to 140 mJ.
Hua, Xia, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This project examines a production station that faces fluctuating demand with seasonal pattern. The cumulative capacity exceeds the cumulative demand in a one year period; however, its weekly capacity is not able to meet ...
Multi-Objective Capacity Planning of a Pv-Wind-Diesel-Battery Hybrid Power System
Saif, A.
A new solution methodology of the capacity design problem of a PV-Wind-Diesel-Battery Hybrid Power System (HPS) is presented. The problem is formulated as a Linear Programming (LP) model with two objectives: minimizing ...
Transmission Capacity of Wireless Ad Hoc Networks with Energy Harvesting Nodes
Vaze, Rahul
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Transmission capacity of an ad hoc wireless network is analyzed when each node of the network harvests energy from nature, e.g. solar, wind, vibration etc. Transmission capacity is the maximum allowable density of nodes, satisfying a per transmitter-receiver rate, and an outage probability constraint. Energy arrivals at each node are assumed to follow a Bernoulli distribution, and each node stores energy using an energy buffer/battery. For ALOHA medium access protocol (MAP), optimal transmission probability that maximizes the transmission capacity is derived as a function of the energy arrival distribution. Game theoretic analysis is also presented for ALOHA MAP, where each transmitter tries to maximize its own throughput, and symmetric Nash equilibrium is derived. For CSMA MAP, back-off probability and outage probability are derived in terms of input energy distribution, thereby characterizing the transmission capacity.
Balakrishnan, Karthik
We use changes in the value of a firm's real estate assets as an exogenous change in a firm's financing capacity to examine (1) the relation between reporting quality and financing and investment conditional on this change, ...
Ultimate capacity of suction caisson in normally and lightly overconsolidated clays
Sharma, Partha Pratim
2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z
is to numerically predict the ultimate capacity of suction caissons in normally consolidated and lightly overconsolidated clays. Representative soil profile from the Gulf of Mexico and the North Sea are taken and analyzed for suction caissons with length over...
Hart, Craig A
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This dissertation examines the financial aspects of climate change relating to the private sector's capacity to manage climate risks and finance carbon neutral energy infrastructure. The dissertation examines (a) potential ...
High energy bursts from a solid state laser operated in the heat capacity limited regime
Albrecht, G.; George, E.V.; Krupke, W.F.; Sooy, W.; Sutton, S.B.
1996-06-11T23:59:59.000Z
High energy bursts are produced from a solid state laser operated in a heat capacity limited regime. Instead of cooling the laser, the active medium is thermally well isolated. As a result, the active medium will heat up until it reaches some maximum acceptable temperature. The waste heat is stored in the active medium itself. Therefore, the amount of energy the laser can put out during operation is proportional to its mass, the heat capacity of the active medium, and the temperature difference over which it is being operated. The high energy burst capacity of a heat capacity operated solid state laser, together with the absence of a heavy, power consuming steady state cooling system for the active medium, will make a variety of applications possible. Alternately, cooling takes place during a separate sequence when the laser is not operating. Industrial applications include new material working processes. 5 figs.
Principal Perceptions of School Capacity to Meet Requirements of No Child Left Behind
Hull, Richard Donald
2013-07-30T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of this study was to determine if significant differences existed in principals’ perceptions of their school’s capacity to meet Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) requirements between principals whose schools failed to meet AYP requirements...
Transparent hydrogel with enhanced water retention capacity by introducing highly hydratable salt
Suo, Zhigang
Transparent hydrogel with enhanced water retention capacity by introducing highly hydratable salt 2014; published online 14 October 2014) Polyacrylamide hydrogels containing salt as electrolyte have of polyacrylamide hydrogel by introducing highly hydratable salts into the hydrogel. These hydrogels show enhanced
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of the proposal to construct and maintain additional storage capacity at the U.S. Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge,...
Measuring the capacity of a port system : a case study on a Southeast Asian port
Salminen, Jason Bryan
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
As economies develop and trade routes change, investment in port infrastructure is essential to maintain the necessary capacity for an efficiently functioning port system and to meet expected demand for all types of cargo. ...
Graphene Enhances Li Storage Capacity of Porous Single-crystalline Silicon Nanowires
Wang, X.; Han, W.
2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
We demonstrated that graphene significantly enhances the reversible capacity of porous silicon nanowires used as the anode in Li-ion batteries. We prepared our experimental nanomaterials, viz., graphene and porous single-crystalline silicon nanowires, respectively, using a liquid-phase graphite exfoliation method and an electroless HF/AgNO{sub 3} etching process. The Si porous nanowire/graphene electrode realized a charge capacity of 2470 mAh g{sup -1} that is much higher than the 1256 mAh g{sup -1} of porous Si nanowire/C-black electrode and 6.6 times the theoretical capacity of commercial graphite. This relatively high capacity could originate from the favorable charge-transportation characteristics of the combination of graphene with the porous Si 1D nanostructure.
O'Hanley, Harrison F.
Nanofluids are being considered for heat transfer applications; therefore it is important to know their thermophysical properties accurately. In this paper we focused on nanofluid specific heat capacity. Currently, there ...
Pinson, Matthew Bede
Cycle life is critically important in applications of rechargeable batteries, but lifetime prediction is mostly based on empirical trends, rather than mathematical models. In practical lithium-ion batteries, capacity fade ...
Eager, Daniel
2012-06-25T23:59:59.000Z
The ability of liberalised electricity markets to trigger investment in the generation capacity required to maintain an acceptable level of security of supply risk has been - and will continue to be - a topic of much ...
Jordan, Rhonda LeNai
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This research develops a novel approach to long-term power system capacity expansion planning for developing countries by incorporating endogenous demand dynamics resulting from social processes of technology adoption. ...
Principal Perceptions of School Capacity to Meet Requirements of No Child Left Behind
Hull, Richard Donald
2013-07-30T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of this study was to determine if significant differences existed in principals’ perceptions of their school’s capacity to meet Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) requirements between principals whose schools failed to meet AYP requirements...