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Sample records for nada guadeloupe guatemala

  1. (Consultecnia, Guatemala City (Guatemala)); Altseimer, J.; Thayer...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Desarrollo Geotermico, Guatemala City (Guatemala). Inst. Nacional de Electrificacion) 15 GEOTHERMAL ENERGY; 60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; DEHYDRATORS; DESIGN; OPERATION; PERFORMANCE;...

  2. Perfil Ambiental de Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    Perfil Ambiental de Guatemala Informe sobre el estado del ambiente y bases para su evaluación sistemática Guatemala, 2004 UNIVERSIDAD RAFAEL LANDÍVAR Facultad de Ciencias Ambientales y Agrícolas Instituto de Guatemala Informe sobre el estado del ambiente y bases para su evaluación sistemática ISBN: 99922

  3. VIGILANTE: Violence and Security in Postwar Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharp, Ellen Jane

    2014-01-01

    of Historic Memory Project) 1998 Guatemala: Nunca Más.Guatemala City: ODHA (Human Rightsof the Archbishop of Guatemala). Remijinse, Simone 2002

  4. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - Guadeloupe; NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-05-27

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of Guadeloupe, an overseas region of France located in the eastern Caribbean Sea. Guadeloupe’s utility rates are approximately $0.18 U.S. dollars (USD) per kilowatt-hour (kWh), below the Caribbean regional average of $0.33 USD/kWh.

  5. Policy of Primary Health Care in Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Longchamp, Carla P

    1988-01-01

    26. Simon, Jean-Marie. Guatemala, Eternal Spring, EternalPeace Accords 'Don't Apply‘ In Guatemala”, Leporton Guatemala, March/April, 1966, pp. 3-4. 26. Agency for

  6. Isolation, Integration, and Ethnic Boundaries in Rural Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pebley, Anne R.; Goldman, Noreen; Robles, Arodys

    2002-01-01

    Language Revitalization in Guatemala” in S. Garzon, R. M.Maya Cultural Activism in Guatemala. Austin: Univ. of TexasMaya Cultural Activism in Guatemala. Austin: University of

  7. Choices about Treatment for ARI and Diarrhea in Rural Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldman, Noreen; Pebley, Anne R.; Gragnolati, Michele

    2000-01-01

    economic well-being in Guatemala. Unpublished manuscript.diarrhea in highland Guatemala. Medical Anthropology 12(4),symptoms in rural Guatemala. Annales de la Societe. Belge de

  8. Roshni Naik, '09 San Lucas Toliman, Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roshni Naik, '09 San Lucas Toliman, Guatemala For six weeks, I spent my summer of service in rural Guatemala on Lake Atitlan. Lake Atitlan is one of the biggest lakes in Guatemala, and it is surrounded I saw the lack of health education and prevention among the rural poor population in Guatemala. I

  9. LAS HORMIGAS (HYMENOPTERA: FORMICIDAE) DE GUATEMALA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Scott

    LAS HORMIGAS (HYMENOPTERA: FORMICIDAE) DE GUATEMALA 1Department of Entomology, University, Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala, Guatemala, Correo electrónico: laury.saenz@gmail.com MICHAEL G Guatemala y los países colindantes de la región mesoamericana. Se presen- ta una lista actualizada de las

  10. University of Utah Guatemala Archaeological Research Opportunities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tipple, Brett

    University of Utah Guatemala Archaeological Research Opportunities Dates: June 20, 2015 thru August 5, 2015 Credits 3 credits per course Course Number: Guatemala Field Research 3 Credit hours Anth Activity Fees: $1350 plus airfare to Guatemala City or Flores/ Santa Elena, Peten, Guatemala Deadline: May

  11. Volcano Hazards at Fuego and Acatenango, GuatemalaVolcano Hazards at Fuego and Acatenango, GuatemalaVolcano Hazards at Fuego and Acatenango, GuatemalaVolcano Hazards at Fuego and Acatenango, GuatemalaVolcano Hazards at Fuego and Acatenango, Guatemala 1111

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, William I.

    Volcano Hazards at Fuego and Acatenango, GuatemalaVolcano Hazards at Fuego and Acatenango, GuatemalaVolcano Hazards at Fuego and Acatenango, GuatemalaVolcano Hazards at Fuego and Acatenango, GuatemalaVolcano Hazards at Fuego and Acatenango, Guatemala 11111 Open-File Report 01­431Open-File Report 01

  12. Testimonio transformed : from I, Rigoberta to Guatemala, Nunca más and Guatemala, Memoria del silencio

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Metz, Cristina

    2011-01-01

    Palma Murga. eds. ¿Racismo en Guatemala? Abriendo el debatesobre un tema tabú. Guatemala: AVANCSO, 2004. Booth, JohnViolence, and the Crisis in Guatemala: A Case Study in the

  13. Living on Scorched Earth: the Political Ecology of Land Ownership in Guatemala's Northern Lowlands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ybarra, Megan

    2010-01-01

    perspectivas de desarrollo sostenible en Petén. Guatemala:perspectivas de desarrollo sostenible en Petén. Guatemala:

  14. Karstic mountain almost conquered. [Guatemala

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-06-10

    International design and construction teams building a 300-Mw hydroelectric system high in central Guatemala's rugged mountains since 1977 have persevered through karstic-limestone nightmares, logistical bottlenecks and political upheaval to bring the $700-million Rio Chixoy project close to completion. The costly power push, requiring the largest construction effort in Guatemala's modern history, plays a critical role for the future. When all five Pelton-wheel turbines are spinning late next year, their output will more than double electricity production in Central America's poorest, most populous country. Despite numerous delays, design changes and cost increases above the original $240-million bid package, work has progressed to the final stages on a 360-ft-high rockfill dam, 16-mile power tunnel and aboveground powerhouse.

  15. Living on Scorched Earth: the Political Ecology of Land Ownership in Guatemala's Northern Lowlands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ybarra, Megan

    2010-01-01

    T. , and M. Melville. 1971. Guatemala: the politics of landBajas del Norte de Guatemala: Petén y la Franja Transversaldel Norte. Ciudad de Guatemala: FLACSO, MINUGUA, CONTIERRA.

  16. Norman B. Schwartz. Forest Society: A Social History of Peten, Guatemala. University of Oklahoma Press, 1990.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herrera, Robinson

    1991-01-01

    A Social History of Peten, Guatemala. University of Oklahomathe highland region of Guatemala, Schwartz worked heavily inon colonial lowland Guatemala. Lamentably these chapters

  17. Availability, prices and affordability of the World Health Organization's essential medicines for children in Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anson, Angela; Ramay, Brooke; de Esparza, Antonio; Bero, Lisa

    2012-01-01

    0622, USA. 2 La Universidad del Valle de Guatemala, VistaHermosa III, GuatemalaCity, Guatemala 01015. 3 Cedar Associates, Menlo Park, CA

  18. Fertility and the Environment in a Natural Resource Dependent Economy: Evidence from Petén, Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sutherland, Elizabeth G; Carr, David L; Curtis, Siân L

    2005-01-01

    degradation: The case of Guatemala." Ambio 21: 460-464.tenure in the Petén, Guatemala. Flores, Petén, Fulbrighty recursos naturales. Guatemala, Instituto Nacional de

  19. ReadyMade Analysis of Hospital de la Familia’s Cataract Surgery Program in Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Clair; Freeman, Eric; Belohlav, Kate; Chait, Ariel; Thal, Lawrence

    2012-01-01

    Surgery Program in Guatemala Clair Brown, Eric Freeman, Kates Cataract Surgery Program in Guatemala 1 Goal: Improve thedaily life for people in Guatemala who do not normally have

  20. From the Past to the Present: The Guatemala STD Study and Multi-Layered Bioethical Critique

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonzalez, Alicia

    2014-01-01

    Reverby, Susan. “The Guatemala STD Inoculation Studies: WhatService Research in Guatemala: Toward New Scholarship. ”the Maya” in The Guatemala Reader: History, Culture,

  1. The comadrona and response to obstetrical emergencies : maternal mortality in highland Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Copeland, Margaret Hemphill

    2011-01-01

    related care in rural Guatemala. Ethnicity & Health 5 (1):services in rural Guatemala. Social Science & Medicine.Partthe Marlin mine in western Guatemala. Science of the Total

  2. Experiencing Maya Palaces: Royal Power, Space, and Architecture at Holmul, Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mongelluzzo, Ryan

    2011-01-01

    The Ruins of Holmul Guatemala. Peabody Museum, Cambridge.Authentic Maya 2005 Guatemala: Cradle of Mayan Civilization.Period Holmul Region, Guatemala, Vanderbilt University.

  3. Hydrogeological model of a high energy geothermal field (Bouillante area, Guadeloupe, French West Indies)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    (estimated at more than 30 millions m3 using tracer tests) suggest a relatively long (>> 100 years) residence1 Hydrogeological model of a high energy geothermal field (Bouillante area, Guadeloupe, French West, France 3. BRGM, Department of Geothermal Energy 3, Av. Claude Guillemin - 45060 Orléans Cedex 2, France

  4. Testimonio transformed : from I, Rigoberta to Guatemala, Nunca más and Guatemala, Memoria del silencio

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Metz, Cristina

    2011-01-01

    cases it investigated, gender violence always equaled rape.196 Rape in Guatemala was not an aberration; it was an actfurther characterization of rape diverges at a few points.

  5. (Surveying isolated diesel power stations in Guatemala)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Waddle, D.B.

    1990-02-26

    I travelled to Guatemala City, Guatemala, to lead a team of specialists to study the operating, administrative, and management efficiency of isolated diesel power plants, operated by Instituto Nacional de Electrificacion (INDE). The study is part of a global initiative managed jointly by the Agency for International Development and the World Bank. The power plants were audited, including INDE's largest isolated diesel station, and two, much smaller municipal and privately owned stations. I returned to Oak Ridge on February 22, 1990.

  6. Guatemala: World Oil Report 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-01

    This paper reports that government officials have been working on changes to the hydrocarbon law to make it easier for operators to explore. In a reform effort, Minister of Energy and Mines Carlos Hutarte brought a new staff dedicated to spurring oil development into office with him. This includes the Directorate of Hydrocarbons, which held a three-day seminar in Dallas, Texas, to acquaint U.S. firms with new policies. Only one company, Basic Resources International, has been operating in Guatemala over the last year. The firm drilled three onshore wells in 1990 for 16,499 ft, including one oil producer. Two further onshore wells are slated this year. Oil production from 14 active wells out of 16 capable averaged 3,943 bpd, up 8.4% from 1989. Reserves are 191 MMbbl.

  7. Short communication Observations of eruptive activity at Santiaguito volcano, Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, William I.

    Short communication Observations of eruptive activity at Santiaguito volcano, Guatemala Gregg J volcano, Guatemala, from the vantage point of its parent, Santa Mari´a. We have taken 12 h of digital

  8. Geomorphology and natural hazards of the Samala river basin, Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in Guatemala for their rele- vant assistance during my time together with them. The list of my friends

  9. 1 rea Temtica (no escribir nada aqu) Utilizacin de una herramienta de comunicacin online para la

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grimaldo, Francisco

    1 Área Temática (no escribir nada aquí) Utilización de una herramienta de comunicación online para, describimos el uso de una herramienta de comunicación online para dos propósitos diferentes en dos contextos distintos. En particular, la herramienta Elluminate Live! se ha utilizado para a) complementar las tutorías

  10. A New Species of Cryptotriton (Caudata: Plethodontidae) from Eastern Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wake, David B.

    A New Species of Cryptotriton (Caudata: Plethodontidae) from Eastern Guatemala Carlos R. Va (Plethodontidae) is described from the mountains of eastern Guatemala. The new species is distinguished from all~as del este de Guatemala. Cryptotriton sierraminensis se distingue de todos los otros miembros de su ge

  11. Scientific Notes 649 LEPIDOPTERA ASSOCIATED WITH AVOCADO FRUIT IN GUATEMALA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoddle, Mark S.

    Scientific Notes 649 LEPIDOPTERA ASSOCIATED WITH AVOCADO FRUIT IN GUATEMALA MARK S. HODDLE1- raceae) evolved in the eastern and central high- lands of Mexico, Guatemala, and the Pacific Coast), and Guatemala (10) (FAOSTAT 2009). California, the fourth largest producer of avocados in the world (FAOSTAT

  12. Surface temperature and spectral measurements at Santiaguito lava dome, Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, William I.

    Surface temperature and spectral measurements at Santiaguito lava dome, Guatemala Steve T. M, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, Michigan, USA Otoniel Matias INSIVUMEH, Guatemala City, Guatemala Received 4 June 2004; revised 23 July 2004; accepted 20 September 2004; published 13 October 2004

  13. forest certification in guatemala yale school of forestry & environmental studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    forest certification in guatemala yale school of forestry & environmental studies 363 * Fernando@catie.ac.cr ***** Gustavo Pinelo, B.Sc. Coordinator, TREES/ Rainforest Alliance Petén, Guatemala gpinelo@ra.org Forest Certification in Guatemala Fernando Carrera,* Dietmar Stoian,** José Joaquin Campios,*** Julio Morales

  14. Nutritional Assessment of the Elderly of San Pedro Ayampuc, Guatemala: Evaluation of Anthropometry, Biochemistry, and Helminthic Infection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    King, Jane E

    1991-01-01

    y Asistencia Social. Guatemala en Cifras de Salud AnuarioSan Pedro Ayampuc, Guatemala: Evaluation of Anthropometry,of San Pedro Ayampuc, Guatemala, without whose enthusiasm

  15. The Obsidian Blade Sequence at El Ujuxte, a Late Preclassic Site on the South Coast of Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Roger Nance; Jan de Leeuw

    2011-01-01

    Industries of Pacific Guatemala and El Salvador: The PacificSociety in Pacific Guatemala: Settlements and Chronologyof the Río Naranjo, Guatemala. Papers of the New World

  16. Impact of integrating HIV and TB care and treatment in a regional tuberculosis hospital in rural Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-01-01

    12. WHO. Tuberculosis profile for Guatemala. In: AssistanceMoHaS, editor. GuatemalaCity, Guatemala. 2011. https://extranet.who.int/ sree/

  17. Unthinkable Rebellion and the Praxis of the Possible: Ch'orti' Campesin@ Struggles in Guatemala's Eastern Highlands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casolo, Jennifer Jean

    2011-01-01

    y Chiquimula (PROZACHI), Guatemala. Paper presented at theCojtí Cuxil, D. (1997). El Movimiento Maya (en Guatemala).Guatemala City: Editorial Cholsamaj. Connelly, M. P. , Li,

  18. The Obsidian Blade Sequence at El Ujuxte, a Late Preclassic Site on the South Coast of Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nance, C. Roger; de Leeuw, Jan

    2005-01-01

    Industries of Pacific Guatemala and El Salvador: The PacificSociety in Pacific Guatemala: Settlements and Chronologyof the Río Naranjo, Guatemala. Papers of the New World

  19. Impact of reduced maternal exposures to wood smoke from an introduced chimney stove on newborn birth weight in rural Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    contributors in Guatemala: B. Arana, the Guatemalan Ministryduring pregnancy in rural Guatemala. Environ Health Perspecthouseholds of highland Guatemala. Environ Sci Technol 35(

  20. Youth Sexual Risk-Taking in Latin America: Implications for Public Health and Policy in Mexico, Belize, and Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunning, Denise Raquel

    2012-01-01

    from Chile, Barbados, Guatemala, and Mexico, Studies inpdf10/10wpds_eng.pdf UNICEF. At A Glance: Guatemala.www.unicef.org/infobycountry/guatemala_statistics.html

  1. Youth Sexual Risk-Taking in Latin America: Implications for Public Health and Policy in Mexico, Belize, and Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunning, Denise Raquel

    2012-01-01

    evidence from Chile, Barbados, Guatemala, and Mexico,evidence from Chile, Barbados, Guatemala, and Mexico,evidence from Chile, Barbados, Guatemala, and Mexico,

  2. Atmospheric lead in downtown Guatemala City

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Durando, M.L.; Aragon, S.R.

    1982-01-01

    Atomic absorption (AA) analysis was employed to determine, for the first time in this country, lead concentrations in aerosols collected in Nuclepore filter media during the months of February and March (1980) in Guatemala City, Guatemala. In particular, the lead in the atmospheric fine particulate was measured in different downtown locations around noontime and in a single location at 1-h intervals throughout the day. The first was used to study short-term variations from one location to the other, and the second one was used to correlate parameters such as traffic density and wind velocity with the levels of airborne lead on the same day. In addition, this paper presents a brief discussion of the lead content in Guatemalan gasoline, the lead levels in street dusts, and the total suspended particulate matter in downtown Guatemala City.

  3. FALLOW MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN GUATEMALA'S WESTERN HIGHLANDS: SOCIAL DRIVERS AND BIOPHYSICAL IMPACTSy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FALLOW MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN GUATEMALA'S WESTERN HIGHLANDS: SOCIAL DRIVERS AND BIOPHYSICAL practices in the Western Highlands of Guatemala based on interdisciplinary data collected using fertility; Buddleia skutchii; Baccharis vaccinioides; Andisol; Guatemala INTRODUCTION At any given time

  4. Risk of sexually transmitted infections among Mayan women in rural Guatemala whose partners are migrant workers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ikeda, JM; Schaffer, JR; Ixcot, MLS; Page, K; Hearst, N

    2014-01-01

    aids/ Countries/lac/guatemala_profile.pdf (2010). AccessedHIV and AIDS study among Mayan populations in Guatemala.Guatemala City: National HIV/AIDS program and UN Population

  5. Climate drying and associated forest decline in the lowlands of northern Guatemala during the late Holocene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    Climate drying and associated forest decline in the lowlands of northern Guatemala during the late 2008 Keywords: Guatemala Holocene Lake sediments Environmental changes Tropical palaeoclimate of northern Guatemala. The question remains as to whether this vegetation change was driven exclusively

  6. Dancing in the Altiplano : K'iche' Maya culture in motion in contemporary highland Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taube, Rhonda Beth

    2009-01-01

    estructura social del valle de Guatemala en el siglo XVI. InEncuesta Sobre La Cultura de Los Ladinos en Guatemala. Vol.Social Guatemalteca. Guatemala: Editorial del Ministerio de

  7. The Role of Ethnicity in Father Absence and Children’s School Enrollment in Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ishida, Kanako

    2010-01-01

    de los mayas de ciudad de Guatemala. In M. Gonza lez de lade la Mujer K’iche’. Guatemala: IDESAC. Carson, M. (2006).la Elite de Poder en Guatemala. In A. Bianch, C. R. Hale, &

  8. Satellites and Senses of Place: Remote Monitoring of Guatemala's Maya Biosphere Reserve

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rahder, Micha

    2014-01-01

    Freedom House 2012 Guatemala. http://www.freedomhouse.org/and M. Cristina 2004 Lynching in Guatemala Legacy of War andMaya Forest of Belize, Guatemala, and Mexico. Pp. 111–124.

  9. Granados-Dieseldorff, Christensen, Kihn-Pineda -Ichthyofauna of Lachu Lake, Alta Verapaz, Guatemala Granados-Dieseldorff, Christensen, Kihn-Pineda -Ichthyofauna of Lachu Lake, Alta Verapaz, Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Guatemala © Granados-Dieseldorff, Christensen, Kihn-Pineda - Ichthyofauna of Lachuá Lake, Alta Verapaz, Guatemala 1 PHOTO ALBUM Ichthyofauna of Lachuá Lake, Alta Verapaz, Guatemala Examples of the Ichthyofauna of Lachuá Lake, Alta Verapaz, Guatemala (Granados-Dieseldorff 2001 and Granados-Dieseldorff et al 2012

  10. The effects of migrant remittances on population–environment dynamics in migrant origin areas: international migration, fertility, and consumption in highland Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Jason; Lopez-Carr, David

    2010-01-01

    in fertility patterns in Guatemala. Population, Space andRemittances and poverty in Guatemala. World Bank Policythe Maya Biosphere Reserve, Guatemala. Human Ecology, 36(2),

  11. The impacts of sex work regulations and implementation of immigration policies on Central American sex workers' safety and health along the Mexico-Guatemala border

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rocha Jiménez, Teresita

    de Límites y Aguas entre México y Guatemala. (2000).Terrestre entre México y Guatemala tiene una extensión totaldiplomatico_especial/guatemala_comision _ limites_aguas.pdf

  12. The magmatic plumbing system beneath Santiaguito Volcano, Guatemala Jeannie A.J. Scott a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, William I.

    The magmatic plumbing system beneath Santiaguito Volcano, Guatemala Jeannie A.J. Scott a, , Tamsin, Guatemala City, Guatemala a b s t r a c ta r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 9 September 2011 storage Ascent path The silicic dome complex of Santiaguito, Guatemala, has exhibited continuous extrusive

  13. The Marriage Core of the Elite Network of Colonial Guatemala Narda Alcntara Valverde*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Douglas R.

    The Marriage Core of the Elite Network of Colonial Guatemala Narda Alcántara Valverde* Silvia of Colonial Guatemala 1 The Marriage Core of the Elite Network of Colonial Guatemala1 Abstract The problem the core of the elite network of colonial Guatemala in the period 1640 and 1820 in structural terms

  14. SO2 emissions to the atmosphere from active volcanoes in Guatemala and El Salvador, 19992002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, William I.

    SO2 emissions to the atmosphere from active volcanoes in Guatemala and El Salvador, 1999 INSIVUMEH, 7a Avenida 14-57 Zona 13, Ciudad de Guatemala, Guatemala, Central America c Servicio Nacional de-based and aircraft correlation spectrometer (COSPEC) measurements at the principal active volcanoes in Guatemala

  15. Tomato chocolate spot virus, a member of a new torradovirus species that causes a necrosis-associated disease of tomato in Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Batuman, O.; Kuo, Y.-W.; Palmieri, M.; Rojas, M. R.; Gilbertson, R. L.

    2010-01-01

    disease of tomato in Guatemala O. Batuman • Y. -W. Kuo • M.Abstract Tomatoes in Guatemala have been affected by a newUniversity of Valle de Guatemala, Guatemala City, Republic

  16. (Solar energy technology transfer, Guatemala City, Guatemala and Tegucigalpa, Honduras, August 20--August 30, 1989)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Waddle, D.B.

    1989-09-05

    I travelled to Guatemala City, Guatemala and to Tegucigalpa, Honduras to gather information regarding the possibility of transferring photovoltaic technology for rural household uses in each respective country. Meetings were held with US government officials in each country mission (USAID and the commercial attaches); with utility officials; cooperative managers; and PVO's. The overall response was very positive; two of the electric utilities interviewed would like to begin program design immediately. A coffee cooperative with 38,000 members also expressed a keen interest in putting into place a program similar to the photovoltaic household energy program established in the Dominican Republic. The purpose of the trip was to establish lines of communication with perspective project cooperators; that objective was accomplished.

  17. Festival Report: II Taller Centroamericano y del Caribe: Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bravo-Elizondo, Pedro

    1991-10-01

    Ricardo 152 LATIN AMERICAN THEATRE REVIEW Mendoza, salvadoreño radicado en Costa Rica; Maquillaje, por Damián Félix, panameño y finalmente Danza Teatro por María Méndez quien trabaja en Grecia, pero está de asueto en Guatemala. Hubo diferentes paneles...

  18. (Survey of three isolated diesel power stations in Guatemala)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chronowski, R.A.

    1990-03-15

    I traveled to Guatemala City, Guatemala to participate with a team of specialists to study the operating, administrative, and management efficiency of isolated diesel power plants, operated by Instituto Nacional de Electrificacion (INDE). The study is part of a global initiative managed jointly by the Agency for International Development and the World Bank. The power plants were audited, including INDE's largest isolated diesel station, and two much smaller municipal and privately owned stations. I returned to the USA on February 20, 1990.

  19. The Effects of Migrant Remittances on Consumption in Highland Guatemala Jason Davis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    The Effects of Migrant Remittances on Consumption in Highland Guatemala Jason Davis DavidL. Carr This paper investigates the potential impact of migrant remittances on consumption in highland Guatemala

  20. BLDG. 80 (SU), RM. 106 561.297.1208 WWW.FAU.EDU/GOABROAD Guatemala Chapines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    BLDG. 80 (SU), RM. 106 · 561.297.1208 · WWW.FAU.EDU/GOABROAD Guatemala Chapines Rising Tides of Lake Atitlan Antigua, Guatemala AAnnttiigguuaa,, GGuuaatteemmaallaa SSpprriinngg TTeerrmm Program 1 will benefit from an immersion into the rich culture of Guatemala and have opportunities to study medical

  1. Der Beitrag der deutschen Entwicklungszusammenarbeit zur Entschrfung der Flchtlings-und Migrationsproblematik: Die Fallstudie Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franz, Sven Oliver

    Migrationsproblematik: Die Fallstudie Guatemala Inaugural-Dissertation zur Erlangung der Doktorwürde der Philosophischen migración es un delito."1 (Schriftzug an der Tür einer Hütte in einem Dorf Guatemalas) ,,Es gibt kein................................................................................. 44 3 Die Fallstudie Guatemala: Die Fluchtfolgen im Aufnahmeland Mexiko und die Reintegration

  2. Carbon stocks in coffee agroforests and mixed dry tropical forests in the western highlands of Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Tom

    of Guatemala Mikaela Schmitt-Harsh · Tom P. Evans · Edwin Castellanos · J. C. Randolph Received: 4 January 2012- ducted in 2007 and 2010 in the Lake Atitla´n region of Guatemala, this research examines the carbon pools Estudios Ambientales y de Biodiversidad, Universidad del Valle de Guatemala, 18 Avenida 11-95 Zona 15

  3. Frederico G. Antilln-Klussman Medical Director, Unidad Nacional de Oncologia Pediatrica, Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brent, Roger

    Frederico G. Antillón-Klussman Medical Director, Unidad Nacional de Oncologia Pediatrica, Guatemala, Pediatrica in Guatelmala. He obtained his Medical Doctor from the Universidad Francisco Marroquín, Guatemala of a treatment program for pediatric cancer in Guatemala. Dr. Antillon is a founder of the Association

  4. Land Tenure and Land Administration Issues in Guatemala Danielle Kelly Donovan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Onsrud, Harlan J.

    Land Tenure and Land Administration Issues in Guatemala Danielle Kelly Donovan danielle.donovan@spatial.maine.edu May 2002 1. Abstract The evolution of land tenure in Guatemala is a mix of the native Mayan implementation stage, when the CIA began "Operation Success". The operation sent mercenaries into Guatemala

  5. (To discuss the dissemination of improved energy-efficient cookstoves in Guatemala, Guatemala City, Guatemala, June 5--7, 1989): Foreign trip report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, M.A.

    1989-06-12

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has a subcontract with Meso American Study Center on Appropriate Technology (CEMAT) to undertake a technology transfer project involving improved energy-efficient cookstoves in Guatemala. Meetings were held with Mr. Edgardo Caceres, Executive Director of CEMAT; with members of his staff; and CEMAT's subcontractor, Merca Plan, in order to assess the project's progress.

  6. Guatemala accelerates efforts to attract foreign E and D capital

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-01-20

    The Guatemalan government, headed by recently elected President Alvaro Arzu, has embarked on an ambitious program of petroleum exploration and development with the goal of producing 40,000 b/d by 2000. Production averaged 16,000 b/d last fall and was to be raised to 25,000 b/d by year end 1996. Oil and gas exploration began in Guatemala in the 1920s, but production is currently limited to two regions in the Peten basin in northeastern Guatemala. Officials at the Ministry of Energy and Mines aim to encourage comprehensive evaluation of the Peten basin as well as exploration of the Amatique basin in southeastern Guatemala and the Pacific basin on the country`s Pacific coast. The paper describes the Peten basin, the Amatique basin, the Pacific basin, bidding, and contract rules.

  7. An overview of the poultry industry of Guatemala 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Braly Lopez, Esther Yvette

    1989-01-01

    was separated from his wife for three months while she was doing her research in Guatemala. hank you for encouraging me both psychologically and financially to finish my degree. I also appreciate the translations you did for me and the advice you gave. Your.... Rajan, yo r sense of humor and entertaining teaching style brought a bit of sunshine to my life when I really needed it. Special thanks goes to my in-laws in Guatemala: Sama Adriana Valdes, Papa Lionel Lopez?Byron and Carla Urrutia, Adrianita Lopez...

  8. New Guatemala law tries to attract new explorers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1984-02-01

    With only 6,280 bopd of production and reserves of only 13 million barrels, Guatemala's 25,200 bpd thirst has forced the country to rewrite its petroleum law. Among pluses in the new law are full-cost recovery and prices based on world levels. However, the stiff royalty and no provision for neutral arbitration are significant minuses.

  9. Lake Petn Itz, a 165 m deep lake in northern Guatemala, is the deepest lake in the lowlands of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    Lake Petén Itzá, a 165 m deep lake in northern Guatemala, is the deepest lake in the lowlands. The cores were shipped from Guatemala in a refrigerated container and arrived safely at the National

  10. Unthinkable Rebellion and the Praxis of the Possible: Ch'orti' Campesin@ Struggles in Guatemala's Eastern Highlands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casolo, Jennifer Jean

    2011-01-01

    Santiago de Guatemala to the sparsely populated eastern countryside, especially along the Motagua riverSantiago de Guatemala, to the sparsely populated eastern countryside, especially along the Motagua River.

  11. Nutritional Assessment of the Elderly of San Pedro Ayampuc, Guatemala: Evaluation of Anthropometry, Biochemistry, and Helminthic Infection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    King, Jane E

    1991-01-01

    Guatemala: Evaluation of Anthropometry, Biochemistry, andMETHODS Census Anthropometry Blood samples/BiochemistryCensus . . . . . . . . .Anthropometry Biochemical values

  12. Relying on years of ethnographic research in highland Guatemala, this qualitative study explores domestic and family violence in a Maya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abstract Relying on years of ethnographic research in highland Guatemala, this qualitative study conducted with most living members of an extended family in two departments of western Guatemala, and ten and Research. She has conducted extensive research with Mayan peoples in Guatemala, exploring issues related

  13. Colonization, clear-cutting, and cornfields: Rural migration and deforestation in The Sierra de Lacandn National Park, Petn, Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    Lacandón National Park, Petén, Guatemala David L. Carr University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The research site is a settlement frontier within a protected area in northern Guatemala. The great expanse-poor colonists from other rural areas in Guatemala. Colonists arrived following the construction of a road

  14. Metamorphic reworking of a high pressurelow temperature mlange along the Motagua fault, Guatemala: A record of Neocomian and Maastrichtian

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hemming, Sidney R

    Metamorphic reworking of a high pressure­low temperature mélange along the Motagua fault, Guatemala processes oblique collisional tectonics The Guatemala suture zone is a major east­west left-lateral strike slip boundary that separates the North American and Caribbean plates in Guatemala. The Motagua fault

  15. RURAL-FRONTIER MIGRATION AND DEFORESTATION IN THE SIERRA DE LACANDON NATIONAL PARK, GUATEMALA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    RURAL-FRONTIER MIGRATION AND DEFORESTATION IN THE SIERRA DE LACANDON NATIONAL PARK, GUATEMALA-frontier Migration and Deforestation in the Sierra de Lacandón National Park, Guatemala (Under the direction of Thomas M. Whitmore.) This dissertation explores the primary proximate and underlying causes

  16. Migration to the Maya Biosphere Reserve, Guatemala: Why place matters David L. Carr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    1 Migration to the Maya Biosphere Reserve, Guatemala: Why place matters David L. Carr Assistant-4060 Paper submitted to Human Organization Please do not cite without permission of the author Migration to the Maya Biosphere Reserve, Guatemala: Why place matters Abstract Virtually all migration research examines

  17. Transverse extension of Guatemala active margin: implications for accretion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McMillen, K.J.

    1987-05-01

    The inner trench wall of the Middle America Trench off Guatemala does not show evidence of accretion, based on DSDP Legs 67 and 84. The presence of normal faults on the lower inner trench slope has resulted in various subsidence models for the margin. Fault traces would be expected to trend parallel to the margin (northwest-southeast) if margin subsidence had occurred. Instead, the faults trend north-south and occur in groups of faults downdropped to the east and to the west. The faults do not seem to be related to margin subsidence but rather to previously proposed Cenozoic Central American rifting. The rifting resulted from crustal bending as the Central American block rounded southern Mexico during differential North American/Caribbean plate motion. The rifts, which extend nearly to the trench axis, underlie the San Jose submarine canyon and align with the Guatemala City graben. Possible east-west accommodation zones, between fault zones that dip in opposite directions, exist near the shelf edge. These accommodation zones may have formed along lines of weakness where oceanic crust was previously emplaced into the margin during or prior to the Eocene. These rifts show that compressional and extension features can occur simultaneously with underthrusting on active margins.

  18. Creating the political spectacle during the Cold War: Guatemala and the United States 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Michael Cassidy

    2013-02-22

    . The objective of this research is to show how the interaction between the United States and Guatemala during President Arbenz's tenure in power is a good example of Edleman's political spectacle. Depending on how US policymakers interpreted Arbenz's policy...

  19. Sumatran rice and miracle herbs: Local and international natural knowledge in late-colonial Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brockmann, Sophie

    2014-01-01

    themselves to bringing ‘Enlightenment’ and ‘improvement’ to the region through natural history and other ‘useful arts’. Articles published in the Economic Society’s newspaper, the Gazeta de Guatemala, show that a socially and geographically wider network...

  20. The macroeconomic module of the Energy Policy Evaluation Model of Guatemala

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Booth, S.R. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA)); Cancino, R. (Direccion General de Planificacion y Desarrollo Energetico, Guatemala City (Guatemala))

    1991-08-01

    This report describes the methodology and results of the macroeconomic module of the Energy Policy Evaluation Model of Guatemala (MEPEG). This effort was conducted jointly by the Ministry of Energy and Mines of Guatemala and Los Alamos National Laboratory under the Central American Energy and Resources Project of Los Alamos, funded by the US Agency for International Development. The data, theory, empirical specification, and simulation results of the macroeconomic module are described. 10 refs., 2 figs., 6 tabs.

  1. Electrical power systems (Guatemala). Electric power generation and distribution equipment, March 1991. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-03-01

    The article analyzes the electrical power generation and distribution equipment market in Guatemala and contains the following subtopics: market assessment, competitive situation, market access, trade promotion opportunities, best sales prospects, and statistical data. The total market demand of electrical power generation and distribution equipment and materials in Guatemala increased from US $19.0 million in 1987 to $24.8 million in 1988 (30.5 percent).

  2. Frictional characteristics of serpentinite from the Motagua fault zone in Guatemala: an experimental study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dengo, Carlos Arturo

    1978-01-01

    , suggestions, and criticisms, all of which in proved the content: of this thesis. !!ith much pleasure I thank the patient guidance and conversations provided by my Father, Dr. Gabriel Dengo (ICAITI, Guatemala!. He in- traduced me to the many problems...-Textured Serpentinites Compositions of Serpentinite Summary of Implications of Serpentinite to the Ear th- quake Problem . 58 78 LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE PAGE Location map showing the serpentinite outcrops in Guatemala (in black) and the major st. rike...

  3. Guatemala switch to crude saves over $1 million a month

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    de Biasi, V.

    1980-03-01

    In a two-step program designed to reduce fuel costs and improve operating efficiency, Empresa Electrica de Guatemala has modified two General Electric PG 5341 gas turbines at Laguna to run on crude oil and installed heat recovery equipment for repowering two existing steam turbines. The gas turbines, nominally rated at around 19,000 kW for base load operation at 70/sup 0/F average ambient temperature and 4000 feet altitude, were installed in 1977-78 as a base load backup to hydro power during the dry season. Original plan was to put them into immediate service as simple cycle units and then convert to combined cycle operation. Priorities were shifted to switch over from distillate to crude oil firing before going ahead with the combined cycle istallation. Their economic evaluation showed the initial investment would be paid off in a few months by the savings in fuel costs.

  4. A Comparative Analysis of Mestizo and Indigenous Mayan Young Women in Guatemala: Attitudes and Knowledge of Sexual Reproduction and Health among Members of Children International's Youth Health Corps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trapp, Sarah Casement

    2011-04-21

    youth in Guatemala participate in the program together. In this comparative analysis of Kaqchikel Maya young women and non–indigenous young women in Guatemala, a written anonymous survey was administered to both groups of female participants to determine...

  5. The effects of migrant remittances on population–environment dynamics in migrant origin areas: international migration, fertility, and consumption in highland Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Jason; Lopez-Carr, David

    2010-01-01

    Guatemala-to-US migration, total primary energy consumptionwas the primary motivation for most US migration (Table 4).

  6. FABI WORK IN NATIVE PINE FORESTS IN GUATEMALA Project title: Understanding pest and pathogen threats to pine under expanding global cultivation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FABI WORK IN NATIVE PINE FORESTS IN GUATEMALA Project title: Understanding pest and pathogen on common pine species in Guatemala, particularly those under testing as hybrid partners with Pinus patula, the University of San Carlos and the private forestry sector in Guatemala to discuss the project and avenues

  7. La prise en compte des populations locales dans la mise en place d'aires protges : tudes de cas au Guatemala et au Maroc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vellend, Mark

    au Guatemala et au Maroc Par Vincens Côté essai présenté au Département de biologie pour l la gestion de deux aires protégées, l'une au Guatemala et l'autre au Maroc, et tente d'en dégager des Guatemala compte des aires protégées depuis 1955. Sa loi sur les aires protégées a été votée en 1989, et sa

  8. Measuring large topographic change with InSAR: Lava thicknesses, extrusion rate and subsidence rate at Santiaguito volcano, Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliott, John

    at Santiaguito volcano, Guatemala S.K. Ebmeier a,n , J. Biggs b , T.A. Mather a , J.R. Elliott a , G. Wadge c , F. We apply this to Santiaguito volcano, Guatemala, and measure increases in lava thickness of up to 140

  9. (Energy efficiency improvement studies for Costa Rica and Guatemala)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Waddle, D.B.

    1990-05-30

    I travelled to San Jose, Cost Rica, on May 20, 1990 to report on the progress of the Integrated Power Sector Efficiency Analysis Project to the Instituto Costarrincense de Electricidad, and to USAID/San Jose. I also discussed the progress and plans for the CONELECTRICAS Small Hydroelectric Project supported by ORNL through the Renewable Energy Applications and Training Project. Both projects are proceeding on schedule. ORNL will complete further supply side analysis after comments are submitted by ICE, with respect to the information provided on this visit. The CONELECTRICAS project will require further ORNL input to assist in optimization of equipment selection and to perform the required financial and economic cost analyses. I travelled to Guatemala City on May 22, 1990. I met with Instituto Nacional de Electricacion (INDE) to discuss the findings and recommendations of the Electric Power Utility Efficiency Improvement Study undertaken in February, 1990. I also met with Mario Funes to discuss future ORNL assistance to ROCAP in support of the CARES project as well as other ROCAP energy initiatives.

  10. Hydrogeochemical exploration of the Tecuamburro Volcano region, Guatemala

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goff, F.; Truesdell, A.H.; Janik, C.J.; Adams, A.; Roldan-M, A.; Meeker, K. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA); Geological Survey, Menlo Park, CA (USA); Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA); Instituto Nacional de Electrificacion, Guatemala City (Guatemala). Unidad de Desarollo Geotermico; Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA))

    1989-01-01

    Approximately 100 thermal and nonthermal water samples and 20 gas samples from springs and fumaroles have been chemically and isotopically analyzed to help evaluate the geothermal potential of the Tecuamburro Volcano region, Guatemala. Thermal waters of the acid- sulfate, steam condensate, and neutral-chloride types generally occur in restricted hydrogeologic areas: Tecuamburro-Laguna Ixpaco (acid- sulfate); andesite highland north of Tecuamburro (steam-condensate); Rio Los Esclavos (neutral-chloride). One small area of neutral-chloride springs east of the village of Los Esclavos has no relation to the Tecuamburro geothermal system. Neutral-chloride springs on the Rio Los Esclavos east and southeast of Tecuamburro show mixing with various types of groundwaters and display a maximum oxygen-18 enrichment compared to the world meteoric line of only about 1.5 parts per thousand. Maximum estimated subsurface temperatures are {le}200{degree}C. In contrast, maximum estimated subsurface temperatures based on gas compositions in the Laguna Ixpaco area are about 300{degree}C. The relation of neutral-chloride waters to the overall Tecuamburro geothermal system is not entirely resolved but we have suggested two system models. Regardless of model, we believe that a first exploration drill hole should be sited within 0.5 km of Laguna Ixpaco to tap the main geothermal reservoir or its adjacent, main upflow zone. 9 refs., 4 figs., 3 tabs.

  11. Characteristics of the Zunil Geothermal Field (Western Guatemala)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bethancourt, H.R.; Dominco, E.

    1982-10-01

    The Zunil geothermal field represents the marginal, shallow expression of a vast geothermal complex buried beneath active volcanic edifices (Cerro Quemado, Volcan Santa Maria, Western Guatemala) some kilometers to the west. The area lies at the edge of a tecto-volcanic depression where some 1,000 m of Tertiary and Quaternary volcanics are underlain by a granodioritic basement. High temperature geothermal fluids (over 280/sup 0/C) reach the field from the west, upflowing along the inclined contact between the granodioritic and the overlying volcanics, and along fractures in the basement itself. A conglomeratic layer at the volcanics/basement contact, and the underlying weathered cap of the basement form the only permeable horizon of the succession; this horizon forms the local reservoir tapped by the productive wells. Its reduced thickness (around 50 m) allows for a limited fluid storage such that field production relies on external recharge along the permeable horizon and underlying fractures in the granodiorite. Production testing and simulation models indicate a fairly rapid evolution of reservoir conditions from the liquid to the steam phase, due to pressure drawdown, in its turn due to a restricted inflow. The phenomenon determines an upgrading of the fluid enthalpy, but a decline of mass output. Simulated reinjection into the reservoir proved to be an effective measure to slow down such an evolution and optimize the field exploitation.

  12. Studies of geothermal power and process heat applications in St. Lucia and Guatemala

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Altseimer, J.H.; Edeskuty, F.J.

    1986-01-01

    Many countries have the potential to use geothermal energy for both power production and process heat applications. Two Los Alamos programs have studied the most effective use of geothermal energy in St. Lucia and Guatemala. The general objectives are (1) to reduce oil imports; (2) develop employment opportunities; and (3) make products more competitive. The initial St. Lucia studies emphasized power generation but a number of applications for the power plant's residual heat were also found and costs and systems have been determined. The costs of geothermal heat compare favorably with heat from other sources such as oil. In Guatemala, the development of the nation's first geothermal field is well advanced. Process heat applications and their coordination with power generation plants are being studied at Los Alamos. Guatemala has at least two fields that appear suitable for power and heat production. These fields are close to urban centers and to many potential heat applications.

  13. Petroleum geology and resources of southeastern Mexico, northern Guatemala, and Belize

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peterson, J.A.

    1986-05-01

    Petroleum deposits in southeastern Mexico and Guatemala occur in two main basinal provinces: the Gulf Coast Tertiary basin area, which includes the Reforma and offshore Campeche Mesozoic fields, and the Peten basin of eastern Chiapas State (Mexico) and Guatemala. Major oil production, in order of importance, is from Cretaceous, Paleocene, and Jurassic carbonate reservoirs in the reforma and offshore Campeche area. Several small oil fields have been discovered in Cretaceous carbonate reservoirs in west-central Guatemala. Almost all important production is in salt structure traps or on domes and anticlines that may be related to deep-seated salt movement. Some minor oil production has occurred in Cretaceous carbonate reservoirs in a buried overthrust belt along the west flank of the Veracruz basin. Gas production is mainly from Tertiary sandstone reservoirs.

  14. Electrical power systems (Guatemala). Non-current carriers, March 1991. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-03-02

    The article analyzes the non-current carrying devices market in Guatemala and contains the following subtopics: market assessment, competitive situation, market access, trade promotion opportunities, best sales prospects, and statistical data. The market for noncurrent-carrying devices in Guatemala totalled US $4.3 million in 1988, compared with a total of US $5.0 million in 1989. Approximately US $6.4 million is expected in 1990. Of this import market, the United States has always had the greatest share.

  15. Late Quaternary palaeoenvironment of northern Guatemala: evidence from deep drill cores and seismic stratigraphy of Lake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    of an International Continental Scientific Drilling Program project. The sediment records from deep water consist, overlain by deep-water clays, suggest a lake level rise and subsequent stabilization at high stage. From caLate Quaternary palaeoenvironment of northern Guatemala: evidence from deep drill cores and seismic

  16. Land parcel fragmentation in the agricultural frontier: Sierra del Lacandn National Park, Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    , Guatemala Laurel K. Suter David L. Carr Department of Geography University of California, Santa Barbara are often viewed as the primary proximate agents of deforestation (Rudel and Roper 1996; Carr 2005). Although population growth is positively associated with agricultural expansion in Latin America (Carr

  17. A survey of geothermal process heat applications in Guatemala: An engineering survey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Altseimer, J.H.; Edeskuty, F.J.

    1988-08-01

    This study investigates how process heat from Guatemala's geothermal energy resources can be developed to reduce Guatemala's costly importation of oil, create new employment by encouraging new industry, and reduce fuel costs for existing industry. This investigation was funded by the US Agency for International Development and carried out jointly by the Guatemalan Government and the Los Alamos National Laboratory. Two sites, Amatitlan and Zunil, are being developed geothermally. Amatitlan is in the better industrial area but Zunil's geothermal development is more advanced. The industry around Zunil is almost exclusively agricultural and the development of an agricultural processing plant (freezing, dehydration, and cold storage) using geothermal heat is recommended. Similar developments throughout the volcanic zones of Guatemala are possible. Later, when the field at Amatitlan has been further developed, an industrial park can be planned. Potential Amatitlan applications are the final stage of salt refining, a thermal power plant, hospital/hotel heating and cooling, steam curing of concrete blocks, production of alcohol from sugar cane, and production of polyethylene from ethanol. Other special developments such as water pumping for the city of Guatemala and the use of moderate-temperature geothermal fluids for localized power production are also possible. 12 refs., 13 figs., 14 tabs.

  18. Assessing and Modeling Exposure to Indoor Air Pollution among Rural Women in Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Assessing and Modeling Exposure to Indoor Air Pollution among Rural Women in Guatemala Lisa pollution in rural areas of developing countries. It is estimated that about half (53%) of all households in the poor countries of Latin American use biofuels (wood, dung and/or crop residues) to cook. Combustion by

  19. Instituto Nacional de Electrification, Guatemala Load Dispatch Center and Global Communications Center. Feasibility report (Instituto Nacional de Electrificacion, Guatemala Centro Nacional de Despacho de Carga y Sistema Global de Comunicaciones). Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-07-01

    The report presents the results of a feasibility study for the National Load Dispatch Center and Global Communications System Project in Guatemala. The project consists of a communication system which will provide Institute Nacional de Electrificacion (INDE) operations personnel direct voice access to all major power system facilities. In addition, a modern computer based load dispatch center has been configured on a secure and reliable basis to provide automatic generation control of all major interconnected generating plants within Guatemala.

  20. Trace element and technological analyses of obsidian artifacts from the Northern ridge of Lake Atitlan, Department of Solola, Guatemala 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woodward, Michelle Ruth

    1996-01-01

    One hundred obsidian artifacts from the San Jose Chacaya site area located along the northern ridge of Lake Atitlan, Guatemala were subjected to Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA) to determine their provenience. In addition, sixty-six samples from...

  1. "Health is a business for everyone and is not a right to anyone:" Neoliberal health care provision in rural Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandes da Cunha Loureiro Amorim, Clarice

    2012-08-31

    Guatemala caught the attention of the international community as it emerged from its civil war. The stabilization offered by the Peace Accords of 1996 allowed the World Bank and the Inter-American Development Bank to urge ...

  2. Written in invisible ink : a case study on the politics of free trade reform and labor regulation in Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pipkin, Seth Daniel

    2006-01-01

    This thesis makes two primary claims: first, that the US - Dominican Republic - Central America Free Trade Agreement (US-DR CAFTA, or CAFTA) has had important effects on labor regulation in Guatemala that are not contained ...

  3. The effects of migrant remittances on population–environment dynamics in migrant origin areas: international migration, fertility, and consumption in highland Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Jason; Lopez-Carr, David

    2010-01-01

    family aintenance, and Mexico-US migration. Demographic2009). Compared with Mexico, migration between Guatemala andof migration on infant survival in Mexico. Demography, 36(

  4. Energy expenditure and socioeconomic status in Guatemala as measured by the doubly labelled water method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stein, T.P.; Johnston, F.E.; Greiner, L.

    1988-02-01

    The energy expenditure of lower (group 1) and upper socioeconomic group females (group 2) from a marginal community in Guatemala City was determined by using the doubly labelled water method. Energy expenditure values were 1925 +/- 66 (mean, SEM) kcal/d (group 1) and 2253 +/- 145 kcal/d group 2 (p less than 0.03). About half of this difference can be attributed to size.

  5. Electrical power systems (Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Jamaica, Panama and Peru)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-01-01

    This 12-part set of reports contains market information on the following countries and topics: Brazil - potentiometers, steam turbines, gas turbines, electric generators; Chile - power systems; Colombia - electric generators; Dominican Republic - electric generators; Guatemala - power generation and distribution equipment, non-current carriers, electric generators, and turbines; Jamaica - power systems; Panama - power generation and control equipment; and Peru - power generation equipment. These reports have been processed separately for inclusion on the data base.

  6. Application of scientific core drilling to geothermal exploration: Platanares, Honduras and Tecuamburro Volcano, Guatemala, Central America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goff, S.J.; Goff, F.E.; Heiken, G.H. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Duffield, W.A. [Geological Survey, Flagstaff, AZ (United States); Janik, C.J. [Geological Survey, Menlo Park, CA (United States)

    1994-04-01

    Our efforts in Honduras and Guatemala were part of the Central America Energy Resource Project (CAERP) funded by the United States Agency for International Development (AID). Exploration core drilling operations at the Platanares, Honduras and Tecuamburro Volcano, Guatemala sites were part of a geothermal assessment for the national utility companies of these countries to locate and evaluate their geothermal resources for electrical power generation. In Honduras, country-wide assessment of all thermal areas determined that Platanares was the site with the greatest geothermal potential. In late 1986 to middle 1987, three slim core holes were drilled at Platanares to a maximum depth of 680 m and a maximum temperature of 165{degree}C. The objectives were to obtain information on the geothermal gradient, hydrothermal alterations, fracturing, and possible inflows of hydrothermal fluids. Two holes produced copious amounts of water under artesian conditions and a total of 8 MW(t) of energy. Geothermal investigations in Guatemala focused on the Tecuamburro Volcano geothermal site. The results of surface geological, volcanological, hydrogeochemical, and geophysical studies at Tecuamburro Volcano indicated a substantial shallow heat source. In early 1990 we drilled one core hole, TCB-1, to 808 m depth. The measured bottom hole temperature was 238{degree}C. Although the borehole did not flow, in-situ samples indicate the hole is completed in a vapor-zone above a probable 300{degree}C geothermal reservoir.

  7. An analysis of cattle-farming in the coffee producing area of the Pacific Slope in Guatemala 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cordon, Oscar Humberto

    1967-01-01

    AN ANALYSIS OF CATTLE-FARMING IN THE COFFEE PRODUCING AREA OF THE PACIFIC SLOPE IN GUATEMALA A Thesis By OSCAR HUMBERTO CORDON Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE January 1967 Ma]or Sub]ect: Animal Science AN ANALYSIS OF CATTLE-FARMING IN THE COFFEE PRODUCING AREA OF THE PACIFIC SLOPE IN GUATEMALA A Thesis By OSCAR HUMBERTO CORDON Approved as to style and content by: airman...

  8. Hydrogeochemical investigations in support of well logging operations at the Zunil geothermal field, Guatemala

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adams, A.; Golf, F.; Trujillo, P.E. Jr.; Counce, D.; Archuleta, J.; Dennis, B. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA)); Medina, V. (Unidad de Desarrollo Geotermico, Guatemala City (Guatemala). Inst. Nacional de Electrificacion)

    1990-01-01

    A suite of 41 thermal and nonthermal waters in the Zunil-Quetzaltenango region, Guatemala, were collected as part of a well logging operation conducted by the Instituto Nacional de Electrificacion (INDE) and Los Alamos National Laboratory. Both in situ and weirbox samples were collected in the Zunil geothermal field. The various data suggest that the reservoir at Zunil is geochemically inhomogeneous. Stable isotope data suggest recharge to the field comes primarily from the north and east whereas tritium data indicate that the reservoir waters may be 500 to 7500 years old. 14 refs., 4 figs., 3 tabs.

  9. Three Essays On Agricultural and Forestry Offsets In Climate Change Mitigation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, Siyi

    2012-07-16

    , New Caledonia, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Vanuatu 17 RCAM Antigua Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras...

  10. Population, Rural Development, and Land Use Among Settler Households in an Agricultural Frontier in Guatemala's Maya Biosphere Reserve

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    in Guatemala's Maya Biosphere Reserve David Carr Ph.D. University of California, Santa Barbara carr increasingly occurs on impoverished soils (Carr, Barbieri et al., 2006). Agricultural frontier1 This paper). This is especially true in Latin America (Rudel & Roper 1996; Carr & Bilsborrow, 2001). Political, economic

  11. Tomato chocolate spot virus, a member of a new torradovirus species that causes a necrosis-associated disease of tomato in Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Batuman, O.; Kuo, Y.-W.; Palmieri, M.; Rojas, M. R.; Gilbertson, R. L.

    2010-01-01

    Tomato chocolate spot virus, a member of a new torradovirusRepublic of Guatemala this virus being the causal agent oflate-spot-associated virus, revealed a genome composed of

  12. Electrical power systems (Guatemala). Small generators and turbines, March 1992. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-03-01

    In Guatemala the market for all types of electrical power generator systems, including parts and accessories, increased from US $19.5 million in 1990 to US $25.5 in 1991 (up 30.7 percent). Guatemalan import statistics list within this category all types of turbines and hydraulic electric power generating engines, regardless of their size or power generating capacity. Also included in the study are all types of electrical generators that are moved or operated by an attached fuel powered engine. The outlook for future market demand for electrical power generating systems looks promising for the next three or four years, with an estimated average increase of 7.3 percent per year.

  13. The direct application of geothermal energy to provide process heat in Guatemala

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Altseimer, J.H.; Edeskuty, F.J.

    1987-09-01

    One part of an energy and resource development program in Central America is a geothermal process heat project in Guatemala. The feasibility of the direct heat application depends upon the production characteristics and reliability of the geothermal source. Other factors are the distance from the heat source, quantity of use, and capacity factor of the use facilities. Favorable conditions would be distances of under 5 km, heat requirements approximately equal to the well capacity, and high capacity factors (say 60% or higher) in the industrial plants. Depending upon the values of these factors, energy costs of less than $1.00/million Btus to greater than $5.00/million Btus have been estimated. This can be compared to about $5.00/million Btus for petroleum-based fuels in Guatemala in mid 1987. A survey was made of existing industries in the Amatitlan and Zunil geothermal areas. In both Amatitlan and Zunil the existing industries are spread out over an area too large to be called an optimum. The most promising situation for an industrial park development is at Amatitlan, except that proven production wells are not yet available. At Zunil, production wells exist, but a diverse nearby industrial base does not. However, both of these two areas are sufficiently promising to merit further development. Consequently, a demonstration project is underway aimed at the ultimate establishment of an agricultural processing center at Zunil. This center would have the capability to process agricultural products by dehydration, freezing, and cold storage. 2 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

  14. C O L L E G E O F A RT S & S C I E N C EV A N D E R B I L T U N I V E R S I T Y n a remote jungle of Guatemala, Professor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wikswo, John

    of Guatemala, Professor Arthur Demarest and his team of Vanderbilt and Guatemalan archeologists have uncov in Guatemala (please see sidebar, page 4). The Cancuén research might cause scholars to revise their views

  15. Results of geothermal gradient core hole TCB-1, Tecuamburro volcano geothermal site, Guatemala, Central America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adams, A.I.; Chipera, S.; Counce, D.; Gardner, J.; Goff, S.; Goff, F.; Heiken, G.; Laughlin, A.W.; Musgrave, J.; Trujillo, P.E. Jr. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)); Aycinena, S.; Martinelli, L. (Swissboring Overseas Corp. Ltd., Guatemala City (Guatemala)); Castaneda, O.; Revolorio, M.; Roldan, A. (Unidad de Desarrollo Geotermico, Guatemala City (Guatemala). Inst. Nacional de Electrificacion); D

    1992-02-01

    Results of geological, volcanological, hydrogeochemical, and geophysical field studies conducted in 1988 and 1989 at the Tecuamburro volcano geothermal site in Guatemala indicated that there is a substantial shallow heat source beneath the area of youngest volcanism. To obtain information on subsurface temperatures and temperature gradients, stratigraphy, hydrothermal alteration, fracturing, and possible inflows of hydrothermal fluids, a geothermal gradient core hole (TCB-1) was drilled to 808 m low on the northern flank of the Tecuamburro volcano Complex, 300 km south of a 300-m-diameter phreatic crater, Laguna Ixpaco, dated at 2,910 years. Gases from acid-sulfate springs near Laguna Ixpaco consistently yield maximum estimated subsurface temperatures of 250--300{degrees}C. The temperature versus depth curve from TCB-1 does not show isothermal conditions and the calculated thermal gradients from 500--800 m is 230{degrees}C/km. Bottom hole temperature is 238{degrees}C. Calculated heat flow values are nearly 9 heat flow units (HFU). The integration of results from the TCB-1 gradient core hole with results from field studies provides strong evidence that the Tecuamburro area holds great promise for containing a commercial geothermal resource.

  16. Tecuamburro Volcano, Guatemala geothermal gradient core hole drilling, operations, and preliminary results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goff, S.; Heiken, G.; Goff, F.; Gardner, J. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA)); Duffield, W. (Geological Survey, Flagstaff, AZ (USA)); Martinelli, L.; Aycinena, S. (Swissboring Overseas Corp. Ltd., Guatemala City (Guatemala)); Castaneda, O. (Unidad de Desarrollo Geotermico, Guatemala City (Guatemala). Inst. Nacional de Electrificacion)

    1990-01-01

    A geothermal gradient core hole (TCB-1) was drilled to a depth of 700+ m at the Tecuamburro geothermal site, Guatemala during February and March, 1990. The core hole is located low on the northern flank of the Tecuamburro Volcano complex. Preliminary analysis of cores (>98% core recovery) indicates that the hydrothermal system may be centered in the 4-km-diameter Chupadero Crater, which has been proposed as the source of pyroxene pumice deposits in the Tecuamburro area. TCB-1 is located 300 m south of a 300-m-diameter phreatic crater, Laguna Ixpaco; the core hole penetrates the thin edge of a tuff ring surrounding Ixpaco and zones of hydrothermal brecciation within the upper 150 m may be related to the phreatic blast, dated at 2,910 {sup 14}C years. At the time of this writing, the unequilibrated temperature at a depth of 570m was 180{degree}C. Data on fracturing, permeability, hydrothermal alteration, and temperature will be presented. 3 refs., 3 figs.

  17. Capture of Anastrepha species (Diptera: Tephritidae) with multilure traps and biolure attractants in Guatemala

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martinez, A.J.; Salinas, E.J. [USDA-APHIS-PPQ-CPHST, 22675 N. Moorefield Rd, Edinburg, TX 78541-5033 (United States); Rendon, P. [USDA-APHIS-PPQ-CPHST, 4a Avenida 12-62, Zona 10, Guatemala City (Guatemala)

    2007-03-15

    Two trapping systems were compared in a study in Guatemala during the wet season, May through Dec 2001. Trap/lure combinations consisting of green or yellow-based plastic McPhail-like traps baited with a synthetic 2-component lure (putrescine and ammonium acetate) and 300 mL of propylene glycol antifreeze as a preservative were compared to the traditional glass McPhail baited with torula yeast/borax and 300 mL of water. Both systems captured several key Anastrepha species including Anastrepha ludens Loew, A. obliqua, Macquart, A. serpentina Weidemann, A. striata Schiner, A. distincta Greene, A. fraterculus Weidemann as well as Ceratitis capitata Weidemann. Additionally, 13 other Anastrepha spp. were captured with the synthetic lure. The plastic traps captured more key flies than the McPhail trap except for A. distincta where there were no significant differences between the yellow-based plastic trap and the McPhail trap and no significant differences between any trap and lure for trapping A. fraterculus. The synthetic lure lasted 10 weeks. The sex ratio was female-biased for almost all captured key species in both systems. Moreover, there were significant numbers of captured nontarget insects in all traps; however, the captured flies in those traps with the synthetic lure were not adversely affected by these insects. Propylene glycol-based antifreeze was a superior preservative when compared to borax/water. (author) [Spanish] En Guatemala, se compararon dos sistemas de trampeo durante la epoca lluviosa de Mayo a Deciembre, 2001. Combinaciones de trampa/atrayente que consistieron de trampas de plastico con bases verdes o amarillos y con atrayentes sinteticos (acetate de amoniaco y putrecina) fueron comparadas con el sistema de trampeo tradicional McPhail de vidrio cebada con torula y borax en agua. Los dos sistemas capturaron moscas del genero Anastrepha incluyendo Anastrepha ludens Loew, A. obliqua, Macquart, A. serpentina Weidemann, A. striata Schiner, A. distincta Greene, A. fraterculus Weidemann y Ceratitis capitata Weidemann. Ademas, se capturaron 13 especias adicionales de Anastrepha asi como Toxotrypana curvicauda Gerstaecker con el cebo sintetico. El cebo sintetico fue efectivo por diez semanas sin recebar. Las trampas de plastico capturaron mas moscas del genero Anastrepha que la trampa de cristal McPhail. Las excepciones fueron A. distincta en donde no hubo differencias el la captura con la trampa de plastico con base amarillo y la trampa McPhail de cristal asi como A. fraterculus en donde no hubo differencias comparando la captura de moscas con ambos sistemas. La proporcion sexual de las moscas capturadas con los dos sistemas fue al favor de las hembras. La captura de otros tipos de insectos fue significantemente elevado, sin embargo, las moscas capturadas con los cebos sinteticos no fueron afectados adversamente por estos insectos. El 10% del anticongelante, glicol propilico, fue superior al borax/agua como conservador de las moscas capturardas. (author)

  18. Petroleum geology of Pacific margin of Central America and northern South America, from Guatemala to Ecuador

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scrutton, M.E.; Escalante, G.F.

    1986-07-01

    Exploration for hydrocarbons along the Pacific margin of Central America and northern South America has been limited and spasmodic. Less than 100 exploration wells have been drilled, with nearly 50 of these being in the Santa Elena, Progreso, and Guayas basins in Ecuador. Shows have been reported in some wells, and a few oil seeps are known. The only commercial production established to date has been from the Santa Elena Peninsula in Ecuador in the extreme south of the study area. Understanding of the geology in this part of the continental margin is incomplete at best. This paper reviews present-day knowledge in an attempt to define the sedimentary basins better, to characterize their structure and stratigraphy, and to assess their petroleum prospects. The area of continental margin reviewed is to the north, located northwest of the trench system where oceanic crust of the Cocos plate subducts under the Caribbean plate, and to the south, where the northern part of the Nazca plate collides with the South American plate. This plate tectonic setting forms the framework on which local structural and sedimentary events have created a series of relatively small trench-slope and forearc basins in what is now the coastal plain and adjacent offshore area of Central and South America, south or west of a line of mountain ranges with active volcanism. Sedimentary fill is generally of Tertiary age. The basins and subbasins recognized and described include: in Ecuador - Guayas, Santa Elena, Progreso, Valdivia, Bajo Grande, Manta, Muisne-Esmeraldas, and Borbon; in Colombia - Choco-Pacific; in Panama - Gulf of Panama basin complex (Santiago, Tonosi, Sambu), and Burica-Chiriqui; in Costa Rica - Terraba and Coronado/Tempisque; in Nicaragua - San Juan del Sur; and in the Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala - the Pacific coastal basin.

  19. Satellites images, digitized topography, and the recognition of the Xela Caldera, Quezaltenango Valley, Guatemala

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Foley, D. (Pacific Lutheran Univ., Tacoma, WA (United States). Dept. of Earth Sciences); McEwen, A.; Duffield, W. (Geological Survey, Flagstaff, AZ (United States)); Heiken, G. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States))

    1992-01-01

    The authors propose, based on reconnaissance geology studies and interpretation of landforms as depicted by Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) images combined with digitized topography, that the Quezaltenango basin of Guatemala is part of a caldera. The Quezaltenango basin is an elliptical depression, about 12 by 25 km and about 500 m deep. The proposed Xela Caldera extends beyond the basin more than 10 km to the north. The geomorphological features of the area that are typical of a geologically young large-scale caldera include bounding walls that have steep interior and gentle exterior slopes; broad flat areas at the base of the walls; at least one large block, about 3 by 12 km, that only partly floundered as the caldera collapsed; resurgence of a younger volcanic dome, flow and small-scale caldera complex (last active in 1818); younger volcanoes located along the structural margin of the major caldera (one of which is currently active) lobate features on the caldera margins that may indicate a multiple sequence of eruptions; and an active, high-temperature geothermal system. The valley is coincident with a gravity low. Extensive ash-flow tuff sheets that have no identified source are located north of the caldera, and may be the outflow deposits. The Xela caldera is similar in size to the Atitlan caldera, which lies about 50 km southeast of Quezaltenango. The Xela Caldera, if confirmed by future studies, may contain undiscovered geothermal resources, may present a significant geologic hazard to the more than 400,000 people who occupy the Quezaltenango valley, and may be a new member of the list of magmatic systems that have the capability to change global climate for several years.

  20. Catalog of historic seismicity in the vicinity of the Chixoy-Polochic and Motagua faults, Guatemala. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    White, R.A.

    1984-01-01

    A new catalog of shallow historical earthquakes for the region of the Caribbean-North American plate boundary in Guatemala is presented. The catalog is drawn mostly from original official documents that are considered to be primary accounts. It contains 25 damaging earthquakes, 18 of which have not previously been published. The catalog is estimated to be complete for magnitude 6.5 earthquakes since 1700 for most of the study area. The earthquakes in this catalog can be grouped into periods of seismic activity alternating with extended periods of seismic quiescence. The periods of seismic activity appear to be terminated by the major rupture of either the Chixoy-Polochic or Motagua faults, the two principal sub-parallel faults that form the transform plate boundary in Guatemala. Although the plate boundary is not simple in this region, the alternating nature of the regional seismic activity with seismic quiescence is a classic example of the seismic cycle concept. It is estimated that a very large earthquake (M 7.5) may recur along a transform boundary fault between 160 to 300 years after the previous such earthquake in the region. 20 refs., 5 figs.

  1. Guadeloupe: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View New

  2. Can extractive reserves save the rain forest: A ecological and socioeconomic comparison of non-timber forest product extraction systems in Peten, Guatemala, and West Kalimantan, Indonesia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salafsky, N.; Dugelby, B.L.; Terborgh, J.W.

    1992-04-01

    Extractive reserves in tropical rain forests, in which only non-timber products are harvested, have been heralded by some conservationists as a means of maintaining biodiversity while providing income for local people. The study of extraction systems in Peten, Guatemala, and in West Kalimantan, Indonesia, leads to a more tempered conclusion, for while the Peten program was quite successful, the Kalimantan program was not. The study finds the success of an extractive reserve to be contingent on: (1) ecological conditions, and (2) socioeconomic and political factors. Although the study focuses on market-oriented extractive reserves, many of the issues discussed apply as well to other land uses such as the collection of non-timber forest products for household consumption or small-scale timber extraction.

  3. Improving International Fisheries Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .............................................................................................................................................31 4. Guatemala

  4. SUBGROUP VISUALIZATION Petra Kralj(1), Nada Lavrac(1,2), Blaz Zupan (3,4)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Novak, Petra Kralj

    and visualization is presented. 2 SUBGROUP VISUALIZATION BY PIE CHARTS Slices of pie charts are the most common way visualization by pie chart consists of a two level pie for each subgroup. The base pie represents subgroup. An example of five subgroups visualized by pie chart is presented in Figure 1. Figure 1: Subgroup

  5. Saving energy in Guatemala (1966, number 8)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-12-31

    The report highlights Guatemalan and regional trends in energy consumption and summarizes energy conservation activities conducted through a regional USAID project. It summarizes what evaluators found about changes in conditions resulting from implementing the four strategies: Building institutional capacity to promote and service energy conservation activities; Introducing technology for better energy management; Increasing awareness and understanding about economic and environmental benefits from energy conservation; Reforming policies that discourage environmentally sound energy use; It describes the project`s impact on industrial energy conservations, and on the sustainability and spread of energy conservation practices. Finally, the report presents lessons drawn from the evaluation.

  6. El teatro de los ochenta en Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carrillo, Hugo

    1992-04-01

    durante varios años de esta década se dedicó a presentar estrellas de la televisión internacional en comedias ligeras cobrando hasta Q100.00 por boleto. En 1990 se quemó y actualmente está en reparación. Nunca ha presentado artistas nacionales... durante varios años de esta década se dedicó a presentar estrellas de la televisión internacional en comedias ligeras cobrando hasta Q100.00 por boleto. En 1990 se quemó y actualmente está en reparación. Nunca ha presentado artistas nacionales...

  7. VIGILANTE: Violence and Security in Postwar Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharp, Ellen Jane

    2014-01-01

    involves seeing all forms of violence as connected andimportance of seeing all forms of violence on a continuum

  8. Policy of Primary Health Care in Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Longchamp, Carla P

    1988-01-01

    56). The lack and maldistribution of workers has exacerbatedsay, however, that the maldistribution of health workers as

  9. Guatemala: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainableGlynn County,Solar JumpInformationGrowindFunan

  10. Rural areas electrification (Latin America), Guatemala City, Guatemala, June 4--7, 1989: Foreign trip report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Katzman, M.T.

    1989-01-01

    ORNL serves the function of monitoring the Central American Rural Electrification Support Program (CARES) of US Agency for International Development (USAID), which is administered by NRECA. The results of the Demand Assessment Model, presented at the conference, were reviewed, and a paper on the use of marginal cost analysis for rural electrification was delivered for presentation by NRECA staff. Discussions on the acceptability of the model were discussed with utility representatives.

  11. Wireless Enhancements for Storage Area Networks David Griffith, Kotikalapudi Sriram, JingSi Gao, and Nada Golmie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Wireless Enhancements for Storage Area Networks David Griffith, Kotikalapudi Sriram, JingSi Gao wireless links D. Griffith, K. Sriram, and N. Golmie are with the National Institute of Standards

  12. Resource Planning and Bandwidth Allocation in Hybrid Fiber-Coax Residential David Griffith, Kotikalapudi Sriram, Liliya Krivulina, and Nada Golmie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    access control (MAC) layers of upstream/downstream communications between a residential cable modem (CM) and the CMTS over the HFC networks [1]. The spectral allocation for the upstream and downstream cable modem 6 MHz UPSTREAM DIGITAL CHANNELS FOR VOICE, DATA, AND VIDEO SERVICES DOWNSTREAM BROADCAST ANALOG TV

  13. 1) From: Nickolas Themelis to WHO Communications Office, Dec 9, 2008 To: Setiogi, Sari; Osseiran, Nada WHO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    by the US waste-to- energy industry (activated carbon injection fabric bag filters, etc.) by 2000 reduced of combustion gases and waste or fuel feed. Good combustion practices include management o by products of industrial processes but can also result from natural processes, such as volcanic eruptions

  14. Aquí no ha pasado nada': Narcotráfico, corrupción y violencia en Golpe de suerte y El paso de La Candelaria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garavito, Lucí a

    1997-04-01

    cuales puede 'hablar' de su rechazo al mito del dinero, de la felicidad o de la suerte" (57). Tal rechazo se hace obvio cuando, en el aeropuerto, se da cuenta de la cantidad de dólares que lleva su amigo para Miami y le dice: " ¡ Palomino, no se meta... tradicional. Aunque los poseedores de las narcofortunas experimentan el rechazo de esta élite, su avance es innegable: están ubicándose en la escala social y adquiriendo acceso gradual a tierras, propiedades, negocios, y a todos los bienes más exclusivos...

  15. Geothermal power development: 1984 overview and update

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DiPippo, R.

    1984-10-01

    The status of geothermal power plants as of mid-1984 is given. There are 15 countries with active plants, and France (Guadeloupe) is expected to join the roster in the near future. The total number of operating units (defined as individual turbo-generator sets) is 145; the total installed capacity is somewhat less than 3770 MW. If plans for additional plants are met, the total could jump by more than 200 MW over the next two years. Recent growth is presented and the worldwide installed capacity is traced. A graphic portrayal of the growth pattern is presented. The countries that will be most responsible for sustaining this growth are the US, the Philippines, Mexico, and Indonesia. Other countries that will contribute significantly include Italy, Japan, Kenya, Nicaragua, and Turkey. The following countries do not now have any geothermal plants but may bring some online by 1990: Guatemala, Costa Rica, Greece, St. Lucia, Thailand, and Ethiopia.

  16. Extending the roads for survival: An ethnography of the ongoing Maya Diaspora

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bazua Morales, Carlos Miguel

    2013-01-01

    de Migración y Desarrollo. Archdiocese of Guatemala 1999.Guatemala: Never Again!Archdiocese of Guatemala. New York: Orbis Books. Arias,

  17. Deep divergences and extensive phylogeographic structure in a clade of lowland tropical salamanders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rovito, Sean M; Parra-Olea, Gabriela; Vásquez-Almazán, Carlos R; Luna-Reyes, Roberto; Wake, David B

    2012-01-01

    Bolitoglossa hartwegi Guatemala Bolitoglossa rufescenskm W Berriozabal B. rufescens Guatemala: Huehuetenango SigloBarillas B. rufescens Guatemala: Huehuetenango Las Victorias

  18. Remote and in situ plume measurements of acid gas release from La Soufrie`re volcano, Guadeloupe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beauducel, François

    measurements which suggest a magmatic origin of the gases. Readjustments inside the volcanic system may have taken place during the seismic activity beginning in 1992 and enhance the transfer of magmatic gases: mlbernar@univ-ag.fr (M.-L. Bernard). Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 150 (2006) 395­409 www

  19. Jornalero: the life and work of Latin American Day Laborers in Berkeley, California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ordonez, Juan Thomas

    2010-01-01

    and Duplicity in Postwar Guatemala. In Anthropology in theassume that only the guatemalas 6 above Sixth Street wouldtell me how many A guatemala is a person from Guatemala,

  20. SPACES OF SECURITY: INTERROGATING THE GIRL EFFECT IN GUATEMALA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehr, Heather

    2014-08-31

    -structured interviews were conducted with young, indigenous Guatemalan women affiliated with an NGO funded by The Girl Effect in an attempt to better understand how NGO knowledge about universal human rights and gender equity is received by program participants...

  1. Oxygen and hydrogen isotopes in thermal waters at Zunil, Guatemala

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fournier, R.O.; Hanshaw, B.B.; Urrutia Sole, J.F.

    1982-10-01

    Enthalpy-chloride relations suggest that a deep reservoir exists at Zunil with a temperature near 300/sup 0/C. Water from that reservoir moves to shallower and cooler local reservoirs, where it mixes with diluted water and then attains a new water-rock chemical equilibrium. This mixed water, in turn, generally is further diluted before being discharged from thermal springs. The stable-isotopic composition of the thermal water indicates that recharge for the deep water at Zunil comes mainly from local sources. The presence of measurable tritium, which suggests that the deep water has been underground about 20 to 30 years, also indicates a local source for the recharge.

  2. An anthropological view of the forest culture of Peten, Guatemala

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schwartz, N.B.

    1995-12-31

    Traditional farmers and harvesters of non-timber forest products in Peten treat the forest in ways that conserve and regenerate its resources. They believe no one owns the forest outright. Humans share it with other life forms and therefore no one has the right to monopolize or destroy forest resources. Traditional Peteneros find a use for almost everything in the forest, and believe it neither smart nor proper to use a given area for a single purpose, for example, to clear an area of all trees and devote it exclusively to a cattle pasture. In the traditional system most medicinal plants, basic foodstuffs, fuelwoods and construction materials are taken from the bosque (secondary forests within walking distance of human settlements). Peteneros` sustainable use of bosques eases pressure on the monte (primary forests). In the monte Peteneros` harvesting practices are protective of resources, causing minimal damage. Finding almost everything in the forest useful, Peteneros believe all soils and plants should be tended and allowed to regenerate. However, modern developments such as uncontrolled logging, large-scale, unorganized colonization, cattle raising and market demands leading to monocropped farm plots imperil the forests of Peten and a way of life that subsumes a practical conservation ethic.

  3. Geysering discharge of a geothermal wellbore at Zunil, Guatemala

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michels, Donald E.

    1991-01-01

    Within two hours after discharge began, for a production test in 1989 of well ZCQ-4, pressure variations changed from approximately sinusoidal to a cycle of sudden and complex peak discharge pressures, to 9 bar, separated by irregular pressure declines to 5 bar. Initial cycle periods of 42 minutes evolved to 150 minutes by day 20 of continuous testing, when three of four surge peaks were well separated. Chemical signatures of fluids discharged with pressure surges were distinctive. When combined with downwell pressure measurements, assignments can be made for elevations of fluid entry points. The variety of chemical signatures indicates a scarcity of interzone connectivity. These constrained discharges are suspected to derive from altered rubble zones between layered volcanic rocks.

  4. Guatemala-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  5. Guatemala-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainableGlynn County,Solar JumpInformationGrowindFunan Bioenergy(RECP) in

  6. Guatemala-UNEP Risoe Technology Needs Assessment Program | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainableGlynn County,Solar JumpInformationGrowindFunan Bioenergy(RECP)

  7. Guatemala-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search(EC-LEDS) | Open

  8. Guatemala-IAEA Energy Planning | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search(EC-LEDS) |

  9. Guatemala-USAID Climate Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search(EC-LEDS)

  10. Saben que estamos aqu, pero no harn nada hasta que nos dejemos ver. Desde donde estamos tumbados se pueden distinguir varias manchas oscuras en el hormign gris, huecos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Samuel

    . No puedo pensar hasta que paren esos #12;2 chillidos. Uno de los golpes parece que provoca un reflejo como

  11. Es el mismo lugar, nada más hay una línea : transcending the boundary- children's construction of local belonging in the San Ysidro-Tijuana border region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    González, Silvia Nasheili

    2012-01-01

    lugares? (Do you go to other places? ) Karina: Al Walmart (To Walmart) Researcher: ¿Al Walmart en Tijuana? (To the Walmart in Tijuana? ) Karina:

  12. Es el mismo lugar, nada más hay una línea : transcending the boundary- children's construction of local belonging in the San Ysidro-Tijuana border region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    González, Silvia Nasheili

    2012-01-01

    paseo? (Where does the little doll from Tijuana like to goetc. (What is the little doll from Tijuana like? How wouldquestions with the San Ysidro doll. Finally, I placed both

  13. Mobile RFID Tracking System A. R. Al-Ali, Fadi A. Aloul, Nada R. Aji, Amin A. Al-Zarouni, Nassar H. Fakhro

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aloul, Fadi

    information systems [4], libraries management systems [5] hospital management systems[6], Pharmaceutical manufacturing [7],supply-chain management [8] and Airline baggage Identification [9] The basic architecture

  14. Environmental Science and Pollution ISSN 0944-1344

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 23 Environmental Science and Pollution Research ISSN 0944-1344 Environ Sci Pollut Res DOI 10 PROTECTION AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH: LEGACY MANAGEMENT AND NEW CONCEPTS Assessment of the contamination . Organochlorine pollution . Marine fauna . Contamination . Guadeloupe . Martinique Introduction Guadeloupe

  15. “José del Valle: a Benthamite in Central America”

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gómez, Alejandro

    2008-01-01

    Francisco Marroquín. Guatemala, 1993. Manuel ChavarríaPublicación Especial Nº 27. Guatemala. 1983, Rafael LeivaJosé de Pineda Ibarra, Guatemala, 1961. José Manuel de Arce

  16. Novelas de la diáspora centroamericana y la colonialidad del poder: Hacia una aproximación de-colonial al estudio de las literaturas centroamericanas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siu, Oriel Maria

    2012-01-01

    La metamorfosis del racismo en Guatemala: Uk’exwachixiik rina’ooj pa iximuleew. Guatemala: Cholsamaj, 2002. Print.Vámonos patria a caminar. Guatemala: Editorial Landívar,

  17. Innovation Beyond Individualism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagata, Jason M

    2009-01-01

    western highlands of Guatemala, conducting and publishingresearch through the Guatemala Health Initiative. In westernremote communities in Guatemala and Kenya to laboratories in

  18. Methods to Study Intervention Sustainability Using Pre-existing, Community Interventions: Examples from the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Benjamin Ford

    2009-01-01

    household handwashing intervention in rural Guatemala 3.1survey of diarrhoea in Guatemala: determining the optimalintervention in rural Guatemala. Int J Epidemiol. 2009;p.

  19. Keeping the Doctor Away: Experimental Evidence on Investment in Preventative Health Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meredith, Jennifer; Robinson, Jonathan; Walker, Sarah; Wydick, Bruce

    2012-01-01

    a field experiment in Guatemala. ” Environment, Developmentin three smaller studies in Guatemala, India, and Uganda inthree smaller studies in Guatemala, India, Uganda, conducted

  20. The social implications of ritual behavior in the Maya Lowlands : a perspective from Minanha, Belize

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwake, Sonja Andrea

    2008-01-01

    del Atlas Arqueologico de Guatemala (PNTC- 001/103). InNo. 10, Atlas Arqueológico de Guatemala. Dillehay, T. 1995Nature. Vista Publications, Guatemala City. Joyce, Rosemary

  1. PRECISE CHARACTERIZATION OF GUATEMALAN OBSIDIAN SOURCES, AND SOURCE DETERMINATION OF ARTIFACTS FROM QUIRIGUA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stross, Fred H.

    2013-01-01

    precision sources in Guatemala. chemical characterization ofField Archaeology 5(1): Guatemala. Journal of Sheets, P.D.some obsidian flakes from Guatemala. American Antiquity 42:

  2. Does Agricultural Liberalization Reduce Rural Welfare in Less Developed Countries? The Case of CAFTA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, J. Edward; Yunez Naude, Antonio; Jesurun-Clements, Nancy

    2007-01-01

    in El Salvador, Honduras, Guatemala y Nicaragua or financialgroups in El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua.countries: El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua (

  3. Ideologies of language and gesture among Q'eqchi'-Maya mainstream and charismatic Catholics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoenes del Pinal, Eric

    2008-01-01

    Gerardi Conedera, 1922-1998. Guatemala: Oficina de DerechosHumanos del Arzobispado de Guatemala.demandas (1986-1992). Guatemala: Facultad Latinoamericana de

  4. Migration and Health: Latinos in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wallace, Steven P.; Castaneda, Xotichl

    2008-01-01

    part in ISA, activities: Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras,2007 Notes: */ Includes: Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras,or Mexican). 3/ Includes: Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras,

  5. What Difference Does it Make? The Impact of Women in Politics in Costa Rica and New Zealand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caldwell, Christina

    2010-01-01

    page=35&year=2005. Guatemala. In World Encyclopedia ofFile (Infobase Publishing). Guatemala. 2009. 2009 [cited Mayargument is that women in Guatemala will have a much harder

  6. Race and Ethnicity and Latin America's United Nations Millennium Development Goals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Telles, Edward E.

    2007-01-01

    to be achieved for Guatemala. While there may be littlein Mexico, Bolivia and Guatemala were slower than for non-ethnic ‘minority’ in Mexico, Guatemala, Bolivia while blacks

  7. My Heart Was Over There with you and I Was Here: Exploring the Immigration Narratives of Families Separated During the Course of Migration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez, Monica Elizabeth

    2010-01-01

    and child rearing in Guatemala. Latin American Perspectivesthat he would not leave Guatemala without her. So, when hisof humble beginnings. In Guatemala, her father worked as a

  8. Colonial K'iche' in Comparison with Yucatec Maya: Language, Adaptation, and Intercultural Contact

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Owen H.

    2009-01-01

    Sáenz de Santa María. Guatemala: Academia de Geografíae Historia de Guatemala, Publicación especial No. 30, 1985.of the Colonial Maya of Guatemala. Lampeter, Cerdignion,

  9. A tale of two roads: Land tenure, poverty, and politics on the Guatemalan frontier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carr, D

    2006-01-01

    Lacando´n. Santa Elena, Guatemala, Presiden- 747 cia de lade Desarr- 753 ollo Sostenible en Pete´n. Guatemala,Guatemala, Facultad Lati- 754 noamericana de Ciencias

  10. Heat flux measurement from thermal infrared imagery in low-flux fumarolic zones: Example of the Ty fault (La Soufrire de Guadeloupe)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beauducel, François

    the geothermal flux of a dormant volcano is necessary both for hazard assessment and for studying hydrothermal for the thermal infrared method, and 275 ± 50 W/m2 for the vertical temperature gradient method), if surface through connected porosity and fissures of rocks in which the thermal vertical gradient is nil. Near

  11. Coffee Rust (Hemileia vastatrix) Effects on the Food Security and Livelihoods of Smallholder Coffee Farmers in Guatemala’s Boca Costa Region 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bielecki, Christopher D

    2015-05-08

    The purpose of this study was to develop a framework to understand how coping mechanisms and livelihood diversification strategies were used to mitigate the coffee leaf rust’s (CLR) effects on the food security and livelihoods ...

  12. Larry Jacobs: Jacobs Farm/Del Cabo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reti, Irene H.

    2010-01-01

    Belin. After a stint in Guatemala helping bring appropriatethe Western Highlands of Guatemala But we didn’t get there.We only got as far as Guatemala. And in Guatemala we got

  13. Biophysical regions of Latin America SoilsSoils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    in S and C Yucatan and in the Petén of Guatemala #12;Farming Maya Lands Today in Peten, Guatemala #12

  14. Story I: Indian Children Cross Illegally in Growing Numbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez, Nancy Y

    2011-01-01

    to Panama, then through Guatemala and Mexico,” said Suamhirsthe next country. Once in Guatemala, individual children are

  15. Phylogeographic Pattern and Extensive Mitochondrial DNA Divergence Disclose a Species Complex within the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solé-Cava, Antonio M.

    Guadalajara, Ciudad Guzma´n, Me´xico, 7 Center for Health Studies, Universidad del Valle de Guatemala, Guatemala City, Guatemala, 8 Laboratory of Applied Entomology and Parasitology, Facultad de Ciencias Qui´micas y Farmacia, Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala, Ciudad de Guatemala, Guatemala, 9 Laboratorio de

  16. Am. I. imp. Med Hyg.. 42(3), 1990, pp. 267"271(89-262) Copyright C 1990 by The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene LETHAL PARALYTIC SHELLFISH POISONING IN GUATEMALA DANIEL C. RODRIGUE, RUTH A de Alimentos y Medicamentos, Guatemala City, Guatemala; and Guatemala Ministry of Health, Guatemala City, Guatemala Abstract. An outbreak of paralytic shellfish poisoning occurred in Champerico

  17. Farm Households and Land Use in a Core Conservation Zone of the Maya Biosphere Reserve, Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    David L. Carr # Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2007 Abstract This paper employs cross region (FAO 2001). Latin Hum Ecol DOI 10.1007/s10745-007-9154-1 D. L. Carr (*) Department of Geography, University of California, Ellison Hall 3611, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA e-mail: carr@geog.ucsb.edu #12

  18. La actividad teatral en Guatemala en la primera mitad del siglo XX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferná ndez Molina, Manuel

    1996-04-01

    este período en la historia del teatro guatemalteco estriba en que fue durante esta época que los espectáculos escénicos empezaron -lenta y progresivamente- a ser realizados por nacionales, especialmente a partir de los terremotos de 1917. Los... con público más asegurado era la de teatro lírico de compañías extranjeras, y esto fue así hasta los terremotos de diciembre de 1917 y enero de 1918 que dañaron seriamente el teatro Colón. La demolición del edificio teatral no se efectuó sino hasta...

  19. Carbonate seismic stratigraphy of Cretaceous Paso Caballos basin, Guatemala: new structures in a structureless basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pigott, J.D.; Mazariegos, R.; Forgotson, J.M. Jr.

    1989-03-01

    Previous exploration in the carbonate and evaporite sequences of the Paso Caballos basin focused primarily upon structural plays. Early data acquisition and processing purposely excluded the resolution advantages of broad frequency ranges and ignored the problems of statics. Interpretations based on these data were predictably unsuccessful in this large, presently karsted, Cretaceous shallow marine platform. Seismic stratigraphic analysis of 735.5 km of statics-corrected, broad-band, zero-phase dynamic and Vibroseis data acquired in 1981 and 1982 delineates four seismic sequences within the Cretaceous (in increasing age): The Lacandon-Barton Creek limestone sequence, the upper Coban salt sequence, the middle Coban dolomitic salt sequence, and the Lower Cretaceous dolomitic sequence. The sequences overlying the faulted and folded Lower Cretaceous dolomitic sequence are relatively smooth and dip at a low angle toward a depocenter to the northwest. Within the carbonate section of the upper Coban salt sequence are several large (45 km/sup 2/), mounded structures with substantial lateral and vertical variations in both reflection group configurations and wavelet characteristics. Detailed modeling and attribute analysis offer additional insight into the interpretation of these structures. For example, analysis of one such feature, the Santa Amelia structure, shows notched frequency attenuation off structure, which suggests permeable hydrocarbon-filled porosities on the flank isolated and sealed from a wet structural center.

  20. Numerical modeling of the high-temperature geothermal system of Amatitlan, Guatemala

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pham, M.; Menzies, A.J.; Sanyal, S.K. [GeothermEx, Inc., Richmond, CA (United States)] [and others

    1996-12-31

    Using the conceptual model of the Amatitlin geothermal system as a guide, a 14 by 10 km numerical model was set up with five layers and a total of 1,220 grid blocks. The number of grid blocks varies from layer to layer, with finer resolution in the two production layers. Boundary blocks for conductive heat transfer, heat and mass recharge, shallow discharge and deep regional fluid flow were added to the model as appropriate. With an inflow of hot fluid (336{degrees}C) at a rate of 450 tones per hour, an inflow of cool fluid (50{degrees}C) at a rate of 620 tons per hour and permeabilities varying from 1.5 to 50 md, the initial state temperatures on all five levels were well matched by the numerical model. The initial state results indicate that highest permeability is present to the southeast of the productive wells, suggesting that considerable additional production potential exists in this area. A two-phase region exists in the upper levels of the reservoir and in the outflow plume; the latter is consistent with the presence of fumaroles along the shoreline of Lago de Amatitlan. To further calibrate the numerical model, enthalpy and pressure data collected during tests of wells AMF-1 and -2 were matched, primarily by varying reservoir storage capacity. Good matches to the observed data were obtained for both wells, although sharp transients could not be matched. Modeling proceeded to the prediction stage under two scenarios: production of 12 and 25 MW (gross) for 30 years. 100% injection of separated water and condensate was assumed to take place in the vicinity of well AMF-3 in both cases. The results show an increase in enthalpy caused by expansion of the two-phase zone during the first year of production, followed by an enthalpy decline as reservoir liquid begins to migrate toward the production area. The two existing production wells (AMF-1 and -2) are predicted to be capable of maintaining output in the 12 MW case throughout the 30-year project life.

  1. A hydrogeological and geochemical model of the high-temperature geothermal system of Amatitlan, Guatemala

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lima, E.; Fujino, T. [West Japan Engineering Consultants, Inc., Fukuoka (Japan); McNitt, J.R.; Klein, C.W. [GeothermEx, Inc., Richmond, CA (United States)] [and others

    1996-12-31

    Geological, geophysical and geochemical data from deep and shallow wells indicate the presence of a large geothermal system fed by upflow beneath Volcan de Pacaya, with source temperatures {ge} 330{degrees}C and chloride contents on the order of 2,500 mg/l. A considerable contribution of magmatic water is suggested by chemical and isotopic data, provided that water-rock interactions have substantially neutralized the acidity of the magmatic component. The areal extent of the upflow zone is unknown, and can only be delimited by further drilling to the south and southeast of deep well AMF-2, which encounters the two-phase upflow zone. Outflow is directed to the north, towards Lago de Amatitlan. The outflow path is long (more than 7 km), and lateral cooling occurs both via conduction and dilution with cool groundwater. Vertical cooling is also indicated by temperature reversals of up to 60{degrees}C beneath the outflow tongue, attributed to a regional underflow of cool groundwater. Outflow paths do not appear to be controlled by geologic structures or aquifers; instead, the hot water appears to {open_quotes}float{close_quotes} on top of the gently sloping unconfined groundwater table. These aspects of the geothermal system were used to develop the numerical model of the Amatitlan geothermal system, which is the subject of a separate paper.

  2. Analysis of well test data from the high-temperature geothermal system of Amatitlan, Guatemala

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Menzies, A.J.; Sanyal, S.K.; Granados, E.E.; Pham, M. [GeothermEx, Inc., Richmond, CA (United States)] [and others

    1996-12-31

    Two of the four production-diameter wells at Amatitlan have been flow tested for about four weeks each. Wellhead pressures were kept fairly constant at approximately 10 kscg for most of the test to determine behavior under commercial operating conditions. Discharge parameters were estimated using the James method for two-phase flow; steam flow rates and power potential were then estimated using a separator pressure of 7 ksca and a steam consumption rate of 7.7 tones per hour per NM. The wells were also throttled for short time periods to obtain relationships between total flow rate, enthalpy, power potential and wellhead pressure. The total mass flow rate in well AMF-1 increased from 105 to 170 tones per hour during the test, yielding a power potential of 4.5 to 6 MW. Enthalpy was relatively constant at 300 kcal/kg during the test, under both full open and throttled conditions. Multiple feed zones were indicated by pressure cycling under throttled conditions. The well had an unusually low maximum discharging pressure of 16 - 17 kscg, which is attributed to a low static water level and the presence of an upper {open_quotes}thief{open_quote} zone just below the casing shoe at 850m. The productivity index was estimated to be 6.8 tones per hour per ksc. The output of well AMF-2 also increased from 5.5 to more than 7 NM during its four-week test period, with the total flow rate remaining constant at approximately 80 tones per hour and discharge enthalpy increasing due to flashing in the reservoir. The well produces from a natural two-phase zone. The maximum discharge pressure was more than 37 kscg, but the productivity index was relatively low (about 1.5 tons per hour per ksc). The pressure build-up time after shut-in was insufficient to allow a direct calculation of transmissivity; however, based on the measured static pressure at the well`s assumed feed zone, a transmissivity of 1,200 md{center_dot}m is estimated.

  3. A re-evaluation of the Moyuta geothermal system, Southern Guatemala

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goff, F.; Adams, A.; Trujillo, P.E.; Counce, D. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA)); Janik, C.; Fahlquist, L. (Geological Survey, Menlo Park, CA (USA)); Roldan, A.; Revolorio, M. (Instituto Nacional de Electrificacion, Guatemala City (Guatemala). Unidad de Desarollo Geotermico)

    1991-01-01

    Chemical and isotopic data from four fumarole sites combined with prefeasibility assessments obtained in the 1970s have resulted in a re-evaluation of the Moyuta geothermal system. Moyuta consists of an east-west trending complex of Quaternary andesite/dacite domes and flows cut by north-trending faults. Areas of fumaroles, acid springs, and bicarbonate-rich thermal springs flank the north and south sides of the volcanic complex. Chloride-rich thermal springs discharge along rivers at lower elevations around the Moyuta highland. The distribution of thermal features indicates that deep reservoir fluid rises convectively near the axis of volcanism. Geochemical data suggest that there are two subsystems having temperatures of about 210{degrees}C (north flank) and 170{degrees}C (south flank). Exploration wells sited near the most northerly fumarole (Azulco) achieved temperatures of {le}113{degrees}C at 1004 m depth. We suggest the fumaroles occur above hydrothermal outflow plumes confined to vertical, fault-controlled conduits. Better drilling sites occur closer to the intersections of the north trending faults and the Quaternary volcanic axis. 21 refs., 7 figs., 2 tabs.

  4. Guatemala's Motagua Valley: a neglected piece of the northern Caribbean puzzle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, K.R.; Muller, P.D.

    1985-01-01

    The arcuate ENE to WNW-trending Motagua Valley (MV) is the physiographic expression of the Motagua Valley Fault Zone (MFZ), part of the broad transform boundary between the Caribbean and North American plates in Nuclear Central America. The MV also marks a suture formed by Late Cretaceous collapse of a small(.) ocean basin by southward subduction beneath a northward migrating volcanic arc. The arc collided with the southern Yucatan Block (YB) in the Campanian-Maastrichtian. Latest Cretaceous thrusting, crustal downwarping, and flysch sedimentation (Sepur Fm) along the southern YB was followed by Paleogene uplift, initiation of strike-slip faulting, and deposition of continental clastics (Subinal Fm) in and south of the MV. Deposition of the Subinal Fm and coarse Neogene clastics within the MV occurred in pull-apart basins which were and continue to be uplift by transpression along the MFZ. Major (>100 km) Cenozoic sinistral displacement on the Caribbean-North American plate boundary required by the opening of the Cayman Trough is not documented by offset of distinct geological markers on land. The maximum demonstrated sinsitral offset on the MFZ is roughly 20 km, based on inferred separations of Plio-Quaternary alluvial fans from their source areas along the southern margin of the MV. However, large lateral offsets on the MFZ are strongly suggested by the presence of Cenozoic pull-apart basins in the valley, flower structures, and contrasting Cenozoic magmatic history of the basement terranes adjacent to the MV.

  5. An evaluation of the geothermal potential of the Tecuamburro Volcano area of Guatemala

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heiken, G.; Duffield, W. (eds.)

    1990-09-01

    Radiometric ages indicate that the Tecuamburro Volcano and three adjacent lava domes grew during the last 38,300 years, and that a 360-m-wide phreatic crater, Laguna Ixpaco, was formed near the base of these domes about 2900 years ago. Laguna Ixpaco is located within the Chupadero crater, from which pyroxene pumice deposits were erupted 38,300 years ago. Thus, the likelihood is great for a partly molten or solid-but-still-hot near-surface intrusion beneath the area. Fumaroles and hot springs issue locally from the Tecuamburro volcanic complex and near Laguna Ixpaco. Analyses of gas and fluid samples from these and other nearby thermal manifestations yield chemical-geothermometer temperatures of about 150{degree} to 300{degree}C, with the highest temperatures at Ixpaco. The existence of a commercial-grade geothermal reservoir beneath the Ixpaco area seems likely. 84 refs., 70 figs., 12 tabs.

  6. Rio Hondo hydroelectric project (Guatemala) Volume 1. Desk-study report. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-07-12

    The Project is a hydroelectric development on the Rio Colorado, upstream of, but separate from, a small existing hydroelectric system. The Group states that goods and services will be furnished by U.S. sources except for items which are locally produced or unavailable from the U.S. In those terms and round numbers, export of goods would amount to $11.0 million and export of engineering services would amount to $3.3 million. The value of the construction contract would be $11.5 million. Deducting 15 percent for contingencies from those items, the return to the U.S. would amount to $21.9 million. The writer recommends that the U.S. Trade and Development Program (TDP) grant funds for the Feasibility Study.

  7. Results of investigations at the Zunil geothermal field, Guatemala: Well logging and brine geochemistry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adams, A.; Dennis, B.; Van Eeckhout, E.; Goff, F.; Lawton, R.; Trujillo, P.E.; Counce, D.; Archuleta, J. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA)); Medina, V. (Instituto Nacional de Electrificacion, Guatemala City (Guatemala). Unidad de Desarollo Geotermico)

    1991-07-01

    The well logging team from Los Alamos and its counterpart from Central America were tasked to investigate the condition of four producing geothermal wells in the Zunil Geothermal Field. The information obtained would be used to help evaluate the Zunil geothermal reservoir in terms of possible additional drilling and future power plant design. The field activities focused on downhole measurements in four production wells (ZCQ-3, ZCQ-4, ZCQ-5, and ZCQ-6). The teams took measurements of the wells in both static (shut-in) and flowing conditions, using the high-temperature well logging tools developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory. Two well logging missions were conducted in the Zunil field. In October 1988 measurements were made in well ZCQ-3, ZCQ-5, and ZCQ-6. In December 1989 the second field operation logged ZCQ-4 and repeated logs in ZCQ-3. Both field operations included not only well logging but the collecting of numerous fluid samples from both thermal and nonthermal waters. 18 refs., 22 figs., 7 tabs.

  8. Capacity building in rural Guatemala by implementing a solid waste management program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zarate, M.A. [East Carolina University, Health Education and Promotion Department, Environmental Health and Safety Program, Belk Annex 6, Room 105, Greenville, NC 27858 (United States)], E-mail: zaratem@ecu.edu; Slotnick, J. [311 Second Street, Alexandria, VA, 22314 (United States); Ramos, M. [Centro de Salud (Health Center), San Mateo Ixtatan, Huehuetenango (Guatemala)

    2008-12-15

    The development and implementation of a solid waste management program served to build local capacity in San Mateo Ixtatan between 2002 and 2003 as part of a public health action plan. The program was developed and implemented in two phases: (1) the identification and education of a working team from the community; and (2) the completion of a solid waste classification and quantification study. Social capital and the water cycle were two public health approaches utilized to build a sustainable program. The activities accomplished gained support from the community and municipal authorities. A description of the tasks completed and findings of the solid waste classification and quantification performed by a local working group are presented in this paper.

  9. Unexpected victories : protecting workers' rights in Guatemala's apparel-for-export sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Connolly, Sarah E., 1977-

    2004-01-01

    This thesis examines three surprise victories for workers' rights in the Guatemalan garment sector. In the past three years, three unions have formed at the Choishin, Cimatextiles, and Nobland factories and each has ...

  10. Needs Assessment of Agricultural, Environmental, and Social Systems of Small Farmers in Chimaltenango, Guatemala 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oleas, Carolina

    2011-02-22

    an ?I? was used and ?FG? for focus groups. In addition, a random number was assigned to each participant. Names with own codes were keep in a separate notebook. Data were transferred from field notes to electronic documents. In addition...

  11. A Study of Sustainable Compost Micro-Enterprise In Chimaltenango, Guatemala: Profitability and Employee Characteristics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silberg, Timothy

    2012-02-14

    , Pagiola, & Raiche, 1994). Lutz et al. (1994) explain ed that land degradation poses a severe threat to the sustainability of agricultural production. Soil degradation, ??is common in de?eloping countries. A history of Mayan agricultural practices has... and agroecological location were two major components that revealed their ability to retain successful financial and input-material gains. However, it depends upon the leader ??to e?amine how to de?elop and e?ploit these ?characteristics?to gain a competiti?e ad...

  12. The comadrona and response to obstetrical emergencies : maternal mortality in highland Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Copeland, Margaret Hemphill

    2011-01-01

    US obstetrical and pediatric nurses. They are wearing theenergetic obstetrical and pediatric nurses are here to “helpto the nurses. The pediatric nurse gives a presentation on

  13. Junior Master Gardener® Programs in Rural Guatemala: A Model for International Youth Development Programs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mcgucken, Anna Mae

    2014-01-13

    This study examined the impact of selected Junior Master Gardeners (JMG) lessons on students’ science knowledge gain, science attitudes, and life skill development. During summer 2013, sixth grade students (N = 84) and teachers (N = 11) from two...

  14. Experiencing Maya Palaces: Royal Power, Space, and Architecture at Holmul, Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mongelluzzo, Ryan

    2011-01-01

    Inka. In Palaces and Power in the Americas: From Peru to the2006 Palaces and Power in the Americas: From Peru to theIn Palaces and Power in the Americas: From Peru to the

  15. Estimating the effects of new product promotion on U.S. beef in Guatemala 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leister, Amanda Marie

    2009-06-02

    The implementation of the Central America-Dominican Republic Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR) has expanded trade opportunities for U.S. agricultural producers. U.S. beef is a critical product affected by the legislation, ...

  16. A light in the dark : labor reform in Guatemala during the FRG administration, 2000-2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fuentes, Alberto (Alberto Jose)

    2007-01-01

    Recent literature on Latin America has highlighted cases of reform by the region's governments to increase State regulation of the labor market, offset the detrimental effects of the so-called Washington Consensus, and ...

  17. Human skeletal remains of the ancient Maya in the caves of Dos Pilas, Guatemala 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minjares, Amador, Jr.

    2004-09-30

    are associated with the site of Dos Pilas; the sixth cave (Cueva de Los Quetzales) is located beneath the site of Las Pacayas. The cave is an important aspect of the Maya worldview, as evidenced in the artifactual and skeletal material found in caves...

  18. SHIFTING PERCEPTIONS OF SACRED SPACES: CEREMONIAL REUSE OF MAYA ARCHITECTURE AND MONUMENTS AT SAN BARTOLO, GUATEMALA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Craig, Jessica H.

    2010-04-27

    was particularly instrumental in shaping this dissertation. I remember contacting him out of the blue from San Bartolo the day I first found a perplexing layer of ash on the façade of the pyramid Las Pinturas. He responded that iv very day with advice... on collecting samples. Steve performed the phytolith and pollen analyses on the San Bartolo samples, but was also critical in helping me interpret the results. We spent long hours a La Parilla banging our heads together about certain aspects of the ash (e...

  19. Of Maras and Mortal Doubt: Violence, Order, and Uncertainty in Guatemala City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fontes, Anthony Wayne IV

    2015-01-01

    Alaniz, Jose. (2005) “Death Porn: Modes of Mortality into the category of “death porn” 64 —tortured, quartered, andmutilations. This murky “death porn” 24 has become standard

  20. Lying in wait: deep and shallow evolution of dacite beneath Volcan de Santa Maria, Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Stephen R.

    between dacitic and basaltic andesite magma as the two magmas mingled and partially mixed en route wallrock heating sufficient to induce partial melting and assimilation involved several pulses with the termination of cone-building at 25 ka: the 1902 dacite reflects .40% fractional crystallization of plagioclase

  1. Availability, prices and affordability of the World Health Organization's essential medicines for children in Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anson, Angela; Ramay, Brooke; de Esparza, Antonio; Bero, Lisa

    2012-01-01

    as: Anson et al. : Availability, prices and affordability ofRESEARCH Open Access Availability, prices and affordabilitywas to measure the availability, prices, and affordability

  2. Theatre Notes: Guatemala: VII Temporada de Teatro Departamental, Mayo 19 al 21, 1989

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bravo-Elizondo, Pedro

    1990-04-01

    , respecto a fallas técnicas en la estructura de las obras y la dinámica dramática que debe observarse, el avance del teatro aficionado podría lograrse a más corto plazo. Los directores están conscientes de sus limitaciones y prestos a sugerencias e..., respecto a fallas técnicas en la estructura de las obras y la dinámica dramática que debe observarse, el avance del teatro aficionado podría lograrse a más corto plazo. Los directores están conscientes de sus limitaciones y prestos a sugerencias e...

  3. The Violence after 'La Violencia' in the Ch'orti' Region of Eastern Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Metz, Brent; Mariano, Lorenzo; Garcí a, Juliá n Ló pez

    2010-01-01

    Indian revolt in neighboring El Salvador, he instituted a state of siege, as had Salvadoran General Martínez (Ching 2004). He replaced most public officials with military officers and deputized plantation owners, to the extent that they had free reign... to murder problematic workers. He appointed a US officer to lead the national military academy (Instituto Politécnico Militar) and established a network of ladino officials (intendentes), military commissioners, and spies (orejas) in nearly every community...

  4. Guatemala-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search(EC-LEDS) ||

  5. Geothermics, Vol. 21, No. 4, pp. 425-446, 1992. Printed in Great Britain.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .00 Pergamon Press Ltd CNR. GEOLOGY AND GEOTHERMAL POTENTIAL OF THE TECUAMBURRO VOLCANO AREA, GUATEMALA W. A Estudios Geologicos de America Central, Apartado 468, Guatemala City, Guatemala; § U.S. Geological Survey([icacion, Guatemala City, Guatemala. (Received June 1991: accepted,fbr publication May 1992) Abstraet

  6. Journal of the Geological Society, London, Vol. 160, 2003, pp. 783795. Printed in Great Britain. Spherule deposits in CretaceousTertiary boundary sediments in Belize and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . 783 Spherule deposits in Cretaceous­Tertiary boundary sediments in Belize and Guatemala G. KELLER1 , W Guatemala Limited, 6a Av. 0­28 Zona 10, Guatemala 01010, Guatemala Abstract: Large spheroid deposits and eastern Guatemala have the same glass origin based on the presence of almost pure Cheto smectite derived

  7. THE ETHNOBOTANY OF CHAYA (CNIDOSCOLUSACONITIFOLIUS SSP. ACONITIFOLIUSBRECKON): A NUTRITIOUS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross-Ibarra, Jeffrey

    ,Universidad del Vallede Guatemala,ApartadoPostal 82, GuatemalaCity01901, Guatemala).THEETH- NOBOTANYOF CHAYA (Cnidoscolusaconitifolius ssp. aconitifoliusBreckon)is a domesticatedleafy green vegetableof the Maya region of Guatemala. aconitifolius Breckon)es una verduradomesticadade la regionMayade Guatemala,Belice, el Surestede Mexicoy la pen

  8. Archaeology of the Colonial Period Gulf of Fonseca, Eastern El Salvador

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gomez, Esteban

    2010-01-01

    Arqueológicas en Guatemala, 1995, edited by J. P. L. y. H.619-48. Museo Nacional de Arqueología y Etnología, GuatemalaCity, Guatemala Velásquez, J. L. and B. Hermes 1997

  9. The Struggle for Historical Collective Memory and Epistemic Creativity from Below

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martínez, Egla

    2013-01-01

    2012. Web. —-. “H.I.J.O.S. Guatemala”, 2009. Web. —-. “MuralDiario Militar”) Vs. Guatemala. Judgment of November 2012.27 May 2012. Web. —-. “Guatemala:capturan a otro criminal de

  10. Correlating the Ancient Maya and Modern European Calendars with High-Precision AMS 14C Dating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    Williams, L. O. Flora of Guatemala. Fieldiana Botany 24. (tropical city of Tikal, Guatemala. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci 109,Maya city of Tikal (Guatemala) that carry carved dates that

  11. Coups, Corporations, and Classified Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaplan, Ethan; Dube, Arindrajit; Naidu, Suresh

    2008-01-01

    of Its Operations in Guatemala, 1952-1954, Stanford Uni-R.H. (1983), The CIA in Guatemala: The Foreign Policy ofthe American Coup in Guatemala , Harvard University Press. [

  12. Rebecca Thistlethwaite: TLC Ranch and the Agriculture & Land-Based Training Association

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rabkin, Sarah

    2010-01-01

    back to the university in Guatemala City, where they had anworked and studied in Guatemala and Honduras, pursuing16 villages in northern Guatemala. I was there for about six

  13. Stephen R. Gliessman: Alfred E. Heller Professor of Agroecology, UC Santa Cruz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reti, Irene H.

    2010-01-01

    main story was stopping in Guatemala City. I’d stopped therewith, who was farming in Guatemala. He had gotten down thereEurope that lived in Guatemala who Steve Gliessman couldn’t

  14. DOI: 10.1126/science.1130306 , 1614 (2006);313Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eom, Chang Beom

    2006-01-01

    Investigaciones Arqueolo´gicas en Guatemala, 2005, J. P. Laporte, B. Arroyo, H. E. Meji´a, Eds. (Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes, Guatemala City, Guatemala, 2006). 17. P. D. Joralemon, A Study of Olmec Iconography

  15. Language Futures from Uprooted Pasts: Emergent Language Activism in the Mayan Diaspora of the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rao, Sonya

    2015-01-01

    Power, and Politics in Guatemala. Austin: U of Texas. Burns,Land of the Holy Spirit: Guatemala under General Efrai? nof the Devil: A History of Guatemala. Boston, MA: South End.

  16. Fighting Intervention in Nicaragua in the Age of British-American Conflict 1820-1920: Dr. and General Benjamin F. Zeledón Supreme Chief of Government of Nicaragua in Rebellion 1909-1912

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeledon, Sergio A.

    2010-01-01

    Memorias para la Historia del Antiguo Reino de Guatemala. 2vols. (Guatemala: Tip. Nacional, 1971) pp. 10, 55 y MarioDeath and Resurrection in Guatemala. Orbis Books Maryknoll,

  17. Public Territory | Territorio Público

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galindo, Regina José

    2007-01-01

    She was born and works in Guatemala. She received the Goldenin 1999 by Coloquia, Guatemala. Videos and other informationfor the same reason In Guatemala we are sur- rounded by

  18. Una hora con Héctor Tobar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siu, Oriel María

    2011-01-01

    change about the history of Guatemala, what would that be? Itunnel. The blood of Guatemala was crimson under a tropicalto fade. The blood of Guatemala was indelible. Héctor Tobar,

  19. Imperial Revisionism: US Historians of Latin America and the Spanish Colonial Empire (ca. 1915–1945)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salvatore, Ricardo D.

    2013-01-01

    archives of Mexico, Peru, Guatemala, Venezuela, Argentina,empire, from Mexico City to Guatemala, from Caracas to Lima.in New Spain, Peru, Guatemala, New Granada, Chile, and Río

  20. Species formation and geographical range evolution in a genus of Central

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wake, David B.

    Historia Natural, Escuela de Biologi´a, Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala, Ciudad de Guatemala, Guatemala *Correspondence: Sean M. Rovito, Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, 3101 Valley Life Sciences Building

  1. TITLE AUTHORS SUBJECT SUBJECT RELATED DESCRIPTION PUBLISHER AVAILABILI...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Unidad de Desarrollo Geotermico Guatemala City Guatemala Inst Nacional de Electrificacion GEOTHERMAL ENERGY APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES DEHYDRATORS DESIGN OPERATION PERFORMANCE FOOD...

  2. Male gender, increased blood viscosity, body mass index and triglyceride levels are independently associated with systemic relative hypertension in sickle cell anemia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Pointe-à-Pitre, Pointe- à-Pitre, Guadeloupe; 2 Université des'Iinvestigation Clinique - Epidémiologie Clinique 802 Inserm Antilles-Guyane, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Pointe-à-Pitre, Pointe-à-Pitre, Guadeloupe; 5 Unité Transversale de la Drépanocytose, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de

  3. LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN WORKSHOP ON THE SUSTAINABILITY OF RADIOACTIVE SOURCE PHYSICAL PROTECTION UPGRADES HOSTED IN GUATEMALA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greenberg, Raymond; Watson, Erica E.; Morris, Frederic A.; de Leal, Patty

    2009-10-07

    The Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI) reduces and protects vulnerable nuclear and radiological material located at civilian sites worldwide. The GTRI program has worked successfully to remove and protect nuclear and radioactive materials, including orphaned and disused high-activity sources, and is now working to ensure sustainability. Internationally, over 40 countries are cooperating with GTRI to enhance the security of radiological materials. GTRI is now seeking to develop and enhance sustainability by coordinating its resources with those of the partner country, other donor countries, and international organizations such as the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).

  4. Numerical modeling of the initial state and matching of well test data from the Zunil geothermal field, Guatemala

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Menzies, A.J.; Granados, E.E.; Sanyal, .K.; Merida-I., L.; Caicedo-A, A.

    1991-01-01

    A significant amount of geoscientific and reservoir engineering data have been collected from the Zunil geothermal field since 1973. The data have been used to define a conceptual model for the field which has formed the basis for the construction of a three dimensional numerical simulation model. The numerical model has successfully matched both the initial state of the reservoir, as indicated by subsurface temperature and pressure distributions within the presently drilled area, and available well test data. The well test data include short and long term discharge tests and a comprehensive pressure interference test. Calibration of the model will continue during 1991 when the results from drilling and testing of three additional deep wells are available. The model will then be used to study various long term production scenarios for the proposed 15 MW power development.

  5. Unthinkable Rebellion and the Praxis of the Possible: Ch'orti' Campesin@ Struggles in Guatemala's Eastern Highlands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casolo, Jennifer Jean

    2011-01-01

    A. (2007). Conclusiones: Minería, neoliberalización yIn A. Bebbington (Ed. ), Minería, movimientos sociales yPress. Damonte, G. (2007). Minería y política: la recreación

  6. Unthinkable Rebellion and the Praxis of the Possible: Ch'orti' Campesin@ Struggles in Guatemala's Eastern Highlands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casolo, Jennifer Jean

    2011-01-01

    called “the skewed agrarian structure” in the region. Thestructure—Comites Agrarias Locales (CAL) [Local Agrarian

  7. FROM CELL TO SYMBOL: A BIOCULTURAL STUDY OF ANEMIA AND SUBJECTIVITY AMONG THE POQOMCHI' MAYA IN GUATEMALA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herynk, James William

    2014-05-31

    Anemia afflicts nearly 2 billion people worldwide by reducing oxygen carrying capacity in the blood. Practitioners of Western biomedicine consider anemia to be an easily treatable ‘symptom’ that results from some other ...

  8. Unthinkable Rebellion and the Praxis of the Possible: Ch'orti' Campesin@ Struggles in Guatemala's Eastern Highlands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casolo, Jennifer Jean

    2011-01-01

    opposition to mining, hydroelectric dams, and other mega-teams for proposed hydroelectric dams and mines in the dryaware of anti-mining, anti-hydroelectric, and protected area

  9. Unthinkable Rebellion and the Praxis of the Possible: Ch'orti' Campesin@ Struggles in Guatemala's Eastern Highlands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casolo, Jennifer Jean

    2011-01-01

    Press Ponte, S. (2002). Brewing a bitter cup? Deregulation,164 Section 1— Trouble Brewing: The Coffee Connection andeastern highlands more was brewing than ladinos. Resistance

  10. Unthinkable Rebellion and the Praxis of the Possible: Ch'orti' Campesin@ Struggles in Guatemala's Eastern Highlands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casolo, Jennifer Jean

    2011-01-01

    Material worlds? Resource geographies and the ‘matter ofBerkeley Geography Department and the Society and Resourceand peasant resources. Economic Geography, 69, 380-401.

  11. Geological Society of America 3300 Penrose Place

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, William I.

    runoff at Volcán Santiaguito, Guatemala Andrew J.L. Harris* Hawaii Institute of Geophysics-57, Zona 13, Guatemala City, Guatemala Elly Bunzendahl Department of Geological Engineering and Sciences at the Santiaguito dome complex (Guatemala) results in continuous lahar activity and river bed aggradation downstream

  12. Dramatic declines in neotropical salamander populations are an important part of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wake, David B.

    Natural, Universidad de San Carlos, Calle Mariscal Cruz 1-56, Zona 10, Cuidad de Guatemala, Guatemala Marcos region of Guatemala, one of the best studied and most diverse salamander communities sites in western Guatemala, including in well-protected areas, suggesting that the phenomenon cannot

  13. Joumalofvolcanology and@&malresearch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, William I.

    )337-355 Edifice collapse and related hazards in Guatemala James W. Valiance `, Lee Siebert b,William I. Rose Jr. a, Meteorolgia, e Hidrologia), 7a Avenida, Zona 13, Guatemala City. Guatemala ' U.S. Geological Survey, 54400Mac in Guatemala is based on the case studies presented in this report and a survey of the literature. Edifice

  14. 221Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Vol. 102(2): 221-223, March 2007 The number of families of Triatoma dimidiata in a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dorn, Patricia

    Aplicada y Parasitología, Escuela de Biología, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala, Edificio T-10, Ciudad Universitaria Zona 12, Ciudad de Guatemala, Guatemala *Loyola University New Orleans, New Orleans, US Triatoma dimidiata is an important vector of Chagas disease in Guatemala. To help

  15. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 88(4), 2013, pp. 630637 doi:10.4269/ajtmh.12-0448

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermont, University of

    following Insecticide Spraying in La Brea, Guatemala David E. Lucero,* Leslie A. Morrissey, Donna M. Rizzo of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont; Universidad de San Carlos, Ciudad de Guatemala, Guatemala Abstract a residual insecticide. The study was conducted in the rural community of La Brea, Guatemala between 2002

  16. Accepted by L. Page: 9 Mar. 2011; published: 27 Apr. 2011 ISSN 1175-5326 (print edition)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piller, Kyle R.

    of Guatemala, and P. synspilus (Hubbs 1935) in the Río Grijalva-Usumacinta system, and other systems in Mexico, Belize, and Guatemala. Reported morphological differences between the two nominal species in Mexico, Guatemala, and Belize within the Río Usumacinta drainage, and P. melanurus in Guatemala within

  17. The evolution of an active silicic lava flow field: an ETM+ perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, William I.

    'i, 2525 Correa Road, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA b INSIVUMEH, 7a Av. 14-57, Zona 13, Guatemala City, Guatemala, Houghton, MI 49931, USA d Santa Maria Volcano Observatory, c/o INSIVUMEH, 7a Av. 14-57, Zona 13, Guatemala City, Guatemala Accepted 5 December 2003 Abstract An active dacitic lava flow began advancing down

  18. POPULATION BIOLOGY/GENETICS A Preliminary Assessment of Genetic Differentiation of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dorn, Patricia

    dimidiata (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) in Guatemala by Random Amplification of Polymorphic DNA-Polymerase Chain Universitaria Zona 12, Ciudad de Guatemala, Guatemala J. Med. Entomol. 41(5): 882Ð887 (2004) ABSTRACT The population genetics of Triatoma dimidiata (Latreille, 1811) from Þve different provinces in Guatemala

  19. For permission to copy, contact editing@geosociety.org 2002 Geological Society of America 533

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, William I.

    of Santiaguito dome, Guatemala: Implications for the cooling and emplacement of dacitic block-lava flows A-57, Zona 13, Guatemala City, Guatemala W.I. Rose Department of Geological Engineering and Sciences collected during Jan- uary 2000 for an active dacitic block flow at Santiaguito (Guatemala) provide insight

  20. Politecnico di Milano Area Risorse Umane e Organizzazione

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macedonia (FYROM), Giappone, Guatemala, Honduras, Hong Kong, Israele, Malesia, Macao, Marianne del Nord

  1. Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2010 Bali, Indonesia, 25-29 April 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    island of Guadeloupe (France, Lesser Antilles). The large range of scientific (geology, geochemistry) and onshore (gravimetry, electrical resistivity tomography profile and passive seismic), characterization of the geothermal alteration, numeric geological modelling of the developed field, fluid geochemistry and tracer

  2. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - Dominica (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2015-03-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of the Commonwealth of Dominica, an island nation located southeast of Guadeloupe and northwest of Martinique in the Lesser Antilles.

  3. El laberinto de la indigenidad: Cómo se determina quién es indígena maya ch’orti’ en Guatemala, Honduras y El Salvador

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Metz, Brent

    2012-01-01

    ¿con qué criterios? ¿Qué escala es la más adecuada para definirlos, a nivel de país, de región, de municipio o de familia? La antropóloga Merlin (2009:304-6) divide la manera de distinguir a los indígenas de los no indígenas en dos categorías: a... es incorrecto políticamente pensar en indios atrasados frente a la economía política modernista; hay que pensar en indígenas cuyas culturas y derechos se deben preservar. Debido a estos cambios, la gente que negaba ser indígena ahora abraza el...

  4. Examining the Proximate and Underlying Causes of Tropical Deforestation: Migration and Land Use in the Sierra de Lacandn National Park, Guatemala1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    1 Examining the Proximate and Underlying Causes of Tropical Deforestation: Migration and Land Use-farm") resource use, while population scholars have largely ignored rural-to-rural migration. The way in which in another place has been inadequately explored. This paper investigates the primary proximate and underlying

  5. Proximate and Underlying Causes of Tropical Deforestation: The Event Ecology of Migration and Forest Conversion in the Sierra de Lacandn National Park, Guatemala1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    1 Proximate and Underlying Causes of Tropical Deforestation: The Event Ecology of Migration-farm") resource use, while population researchers have largely ignored rural-to-rural migration. The way in which in another place has been inadequately explored. This paper investigates the primary proximate and underlying

  6. Este estudio examina los factores demogrficos asociados con la deforestacin en el Par-que Nacional Sierra de Lacandn (PNSL), Guatemala, utilizando un anlisis de regresin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    )* David L. Carr1; Felipe Murtinho1; William KY Pan2; Alisson Barbieri3; Richard E. Bilsborrow4; Chirayath). Departamento de Demografia e CEDEPLAR 4. University of North Carolina. Carolina Population Center carr

  7. Radiation Protection at the dental clinic of the Faculty of Dentistry of the Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala in the year 2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valiente, D

    2001-01-01

    In this thesis the procedures of radiation protection used by students of dentistry, also the infrastructure of equipment, protective barriers and protective devices at the clinic of the faculty was evaluated. A sample of 76 students and two technicians were evaluated, also 7 dental units with x-ray tubes were evaluated. The conclusions are that only 2 equipment of x-rays meets the requirements of radiation safety and radiology techniques used by the students need to be improved to obtain good image quality and therefore better diagnostic by the students could be made.

  8. The impact of tourism, development, and religious change on the Highland Maya community of Santa Cruz La Laguna, Lake Atitlan, Guatemala 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schaumann, Lisa Anne

    1993-01-01

    -Protestant minister, and Ramos, a local fisherman, though Domingo was also an informant on a variety of things including the proper use of a machete. Maria, the nurse, Santos, the mayor, and Ezekiel, the municipal secretary, were my informants on infrastructural...

  9. The Biogeography of the Cloud Forest Herpetofauna of Middle America, with Special Reference to the Sierra de las Minas of Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campbell, Jonathan A.

    1982-12-01

    Moctezuma. An extensive tract of cloud forest extends along the eastern slopes of the Sierra Madre Oriental from northeastern Hidalgo to the Teziutlan area of Puebla. The crest of the Sierra Madre Oriental swings eastward to the east of Teziutlan... and forms a spur known locally as the Sierra de Teziutlan. Because of the orientation of this portion of the massif to prevailing winds, as well as the effects of a rain-shadow caused by the highlands of the Volcan Cofre de Perote, a disjunction of cloud...

  10. The impacts of sex work regulations and implementation of immigration policies on Central American sex workers' safety and health along the Mexico-Guatemala border

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rocha Jiménez, Teresita

    New approaches to Migration Management in Mexico and Centrala long history of migration to Mexico, becoming even moreAs Kanaiaupuni argues, migration from Mexico to the United

  11. CILAS Summer 2006 Newsletter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Center for Iberian and Latin American Studies

    2006-01-01

    Isasa screened her documentary film about her detention as afilms, including Como Agua para Chocolate and Tijuana Jews, a documentarydocumentary of violence in Guatemala’s civil war, were just the warm-up round for the CILAS Film

  12. FLOOD RISK ASSESSMENT FOR THE TOWN OF SAN SEBASTIAN IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FLOOD RISK ASSESSMENT FOR THE TOWN OF SAN SEBASTIAN IN GUATEMALA Graciela Peters Guarin March, 2003 #12;FLOOD RISK ASSESSMENT FOR THE TOWN OF SAN SEBASTIAN IN GUATEMALA by Graciela Peters Guarin Thesis

  13. Veja Info Quatro Rodas Alfa Runners Bravo! Mais sites Abril Assine Loja SAC Grupo Abril Seu Dinheiro

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbosa, Marcia C. B.

    chinês Meio Ambiente e Energia Nicarágua cessa alerta de tsunami pós terremoto na Guatemala Veja mais 24

  14. Department of Energy, Indefinite Delivery Indefinite Quantity...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    country (Australia, Bahrain, Canada, Chile, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, or Singapore); 61 November 2012...

  15. Foreign Fishery Developments Foreign Fishing Policies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Some countries (Ecua- dor, Guatemala, and Uruguay) require foreign fishermen to appoint a local agent, Guatemala, Mexico, Nicaragua, Pan- ama, and Peru). 2) Require foreign companies to form joint ventures are fished by domestic fishermen. Several countries (Costa Rica2 , Ecuador, Guatemala, and Peru) grant

  16. APPENDIX D : SAMPLE TEXTS FROM TST1 TEST SET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A for a description of the relevance criteria . 1. SAMPLES OF RELEVANT TEXTS TST1-MUC3-000 1 GUATEMALA CITY, 4 FEB 90 (ACAN-EFE) -- [TEXT] THE GUATEMALA ARM Y DENIED TODAY THAT GUERRILLAS ATTACKED THE "SANTO TOMAS CORPS ACCREDITED IN GUATEMALA . THE GOVERNMENT ALSO ISSUED A COMMUNIQUE DESCRIBING THE REBEL REPORT

  17. LA-11906-MS Central American

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Area of Guatemala Edited by G. Heiken W. Duffield" I *USGeological Survey, 2255N.Gemini,Flagsto#, AZ 86001I Los ............................................................................ ix I. GEOLOGYAND GEOTHERMAL POTENTIAL OF THE TECUAMBURRO VOLCANO AREA OF GUATEMALA ............................................................................. 88 I IV. ELECTRICAL GEOPHYSICAL STUDIES OF THE TECUAMBURRO . GEOTHERMALAREA. GUATEMALA

  18. SCIENCE AND FOREST CONCESSIONS Bastiaan Louman, Fernando Carrera1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of experience with forest concessions while Guatemala ventured into its first community concession in 1994. Peru. In Guatemala 14 concessions exist that cover a total of 512,786 has of forest while in Peru the process has of concessions in Bolivia, Guatemala and Peru include the costs of forest management, slow and difficult

  19. Completing Rio Bobos

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hennagir, T.

    1995-01-01

    Small-scale hydropower projects remain an attractive target for equipment vendors active in Central America. Projects less than 20 MW in capacity continue to evolve as countries such as Guatemala work to meet a quickening energy demand. Regulatory change continues to shape Guatemala`s private power market. In December, a new decree was passed allowing third-party energy sales, a move that has restructured the country`s electrical sector.

  20. Virginia H. Dale | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    applied in Brazil, Guatemala, and Panama. She has worked on developing tools for resource management; vegetation recovery subsequent to disturbances; effects of air pollution and...

  1. Methodological and Practical Considerations for Developing Multiproject Baselines for Electric Power and Cement Industry Projects in Central America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murtishaw, Scott; Sathaye, Jayant; Galitsky, Christina; Dorion, Kristel

    2008-01-01

    energy projects (small hydro and bagasse co-generators) andPCF) in Guatemala for a small hydro project assumes that the

  2. Citizenship Education in Comparative Perspective: Cross-national Variation in the Effects of Family Background on Adolescents' Civic Outcomes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Hyung Ryeol

    2013-01-01

    Denmark, England, Estonia, Finland, Greece, Ireland, Italy,Republic England Estonia Finland Greece Guatemala Hong KongDenmark, England, Estonia, Finland, Greece, Hong Kong,

  3. Centralizing principles : how Amnesty International shaped human rights politics through its transnational network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Wendy H.

    2008-01-01

    Sikkink, eds. 1999. The Power of Human Rights: InternationalKathryn Sikkink. The Power of Human Rights: Internationaland Guatemala” in The Power of Human Rights: International

  4. Sociology of a stove

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shaller, D.V.

    1982-01-01

    A brief review of the acceptance and use made of the Lorena cooking stove in Guatemala. The stove is designed to contain heat, conserve fuel and reduce smoke.

  5. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF FOSSIL...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    national treatment for trade in natural gas with Australia, Bahrain, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jordan, Mexico, Morocco,...

  6. Why the Maya Fell: Climate Change, Conflict--And a Trip to the Beach? Latest evidence hints at a cautionary tale for modern civilization, expert says.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    South Bohemia, University of

    -day Guatemala, Belize, and Mexico's Yucatán Peninsula. Surrounded by pyramids, plazas, ball courts, and government buildings, the urban Maya discussed philosophy, developed an accurate solar-year calendar

  7. Host plant resistance to Whiteflies, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius), Biotype B, (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) in cotton race stocks for breeding improved cotton cultivars 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ripple, Brandon Wayne

    2004-09-30

    -0197 Guatemala Jutiapa Progreso Manning & Ware 1948 M-9644-0199 Guatemala Jutiapa Santa Catarina Mita Manning & Ware 1948 M-9044-0206 Mexico Guerrero Maquina del Rio de Niepa Manning & Ware 1948 M-0044-0209 Guatemala Chiquimula -- Manning & Ware 1948 M-9044... Tierra Blanca Manning & Ware 1948 M-9644-0224 Mexico oaxaca Tototapan Manning & Ware 1948 M-9044-0226 Mexico Guerrero Maquina del Rio de Niepa Manning & Ware 1948 M-8744-0228 Guatemala Jalapa Chaparron Manning & Ware 1948 M-9644-0235 El Salvador...

  8. SIT Workshops 1995 2011 Page 1 of 17

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , MD General Standards and Conformity Assessment Antigua & Barbuda Bahamas Barbados Dominica Grenada Barbados Belize Bolivia Chile Colombia Costa Rica Dominica Ecuador El Salvador Grenada Guatemala Guyana

  9. http://onlinex.mit.edu/bigdata Registrations by Country

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Daniel

    Corporation Riverwood Capital 5) Energy Commission of Nigeria Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu and Herzegovina Guatemala New Zealand South Korea Brazil Hong Kong Nigeria Spain

  10. DOE's Program Regulating Liquefied Natural Gas Export Applications...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Australia, Bahrain, Canada, Chile, Colombia, the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jordan, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, Oman, Panama, Peru, Republic of...

  11. Understanding Democratic Congruence: A Demand-Supply Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welzel, Christian; Klingemann, Hans-Dieter

    2007-01-01

    Brazil Norway Moldova NZ Macedonia Switzerlad. AlbaniaPhilippines Colombia Macedonia Turkey Albania GuatemalaIran Argentina Bosnia Macedonia Belarus Algeria Armenia

  12. Internship at the University of Nice Sophia Antipolis Discretization of geothermal systems in fractured porous

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vallette, Bruno

    Geothermal energy is a carbon-free steady energy source with low environmental impact. In countries with a favorable geological context, high temperature geothermal energy can make a significant contribution of Guadeloupe already comes from geothermal energy and it is essential for achieving energetic and environmental

  13. INTERNATIONAL VOICE For further help and advice, mailto: itp@bath.ac.uk or call 01225 386201

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    , Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain (inc. Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla), Sweden, Switzerland, Vatican Countries Zone 1 Ireland & Channel Islands Guernsey, Isle of Man, Jersey, Republic of Ireland. Zone 2 EE, Estonia, Finland (inc. Aland Islands), France (inc. French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique and Reunion

  14. Modlisation et potentialits du chauffage solaire des sols par paillage artificiel la Guade-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    different mulches (black plastic, clear plastic and glass) showed that daily maximum temperatures could Modelling and potential of soil heating by application of an artificial mulch in Guadeloupe. Solarization consists of soil heating by application of an artificial mulch. High temperatures can be reached which

  15. Session: Geothermal Research Volcanology Oral presentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    and magnetotelluric data acquired during the last 30 years. Oldest electric and magnetotelluric data were digitalizedSession: Geothermal Research ­ Volcanology Oral presentation Contribution of multi-methods geophysics to improve the regional knowledge of Bouillante geothermal Province (Guadeloupe) Lydie Gailler1

  16. The Representation of the Modern Mexican Nation in Contemporary Mexican Chronicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alfaro Porras, Arianna

    2011-01-01

    Memoria periodística del Terremoto. México: UNAM. 1987a todo el país que el terremoto “no había sido nada”. En lopor la gente, al hablar del terremoto. Éste expresa que: “no

  17. Restorability versus Efficiency in (1:1)n Protection Schemes for Optical Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Kotikalapudi Sriram, SuKyoung Lee, Stephan Klink, and Nada Golmie Abstract-- As network utilization continues that would be preempted if the normal traffic D. Griffith, K. Sriram, S. Klink, and N. Golmie

  18. Protection Switching for Optical Bursts Using Segmentation and Deflection Routing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Senior Member, IEEE, Kotikalapudi Sriram, Fellow, IEEE, and Nada Golmie, Member, IEEE Abstract-- Burst be salvaged using this approach. D. Griffith, K. Sriram, and N. Golmie are with the National Institute

  19. From jcarcione@inogs.it Thu Nov 1 05:42:53 2012 Date: Thu, 01 ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tenes una idea? > Tambien hay disolucion de CO2 en brine, pero no de brine en CO2, > alli aparece la termodinamica. > Yo no tengo nada d eeso, no se aqui

  20. On the Use of Wireless Network Technologies in Healthcare Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    On the Use of Wireless Network Technologies in Healthcare Environments Nicolas Chevrollier Nada focus on Wireless Personal Area Network technologies, namely, Bluetooth and the low-rate specifications applications and examine related scalability issues. Moreover, we consider heterogeneous wireless technology

  1. THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    given the high yields of sugarcane and palm oil and efficient local industries. Guatemala is the number. Guatemala is already producing biodiesel from different oil seeds and recycled vegetables. Combined, could be palm oil. The Ministry of Energy and Mines is still analyzing two proposed laws which favor

  2. Regional geology of nuclear Central America and petroleum prospects of Belize

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rao, P.R.; Nair, K.M.; Ramanathan, R.

    1989-03-01

    The subsurface stratigraphy and structural evolution of nuclear Central American are reviewed in the light of new data from Belize. The northern Belize Corozal basin is the southern continuation of the Yucatan platform of Mexico and the eastern extension of the Peten basin of Mexico and Guatemala. The southern Belize basin is contiguous with the Chapayal basin of Guatemala.

  3. DIALOGUE DISCOVERY DESIGN DEVELOPMENT DISSEMINATION Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful committed citizens can change the world.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    launched over a decade ago when box ovens, heated by solar thermal energy, were developed for Tanzanian Solar-thermal fruit dehydrator for the Childcare and Nutrition Center in Panyebar, Guatemala #12-enterprise at the Childcare and Nutrition Center in Panyebar, Guatemala, based on a solar-thermal structure that dehydrates

  4. Latin American Studies at Stetson University is a multidisciplinary and experientially oriented program that develops students'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miles, Will

    internships in countries including Guatemala, Peru, Mexico, Belize, Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, Ecuador include: J. Anthony Abbott, Ph.D., University of Minnesota; carbon footprints and accounting, renewable energy systems and policy, sustainable agriculture, Latin American geography, political ecology Pamela

  5. A proposed framework for harmonization of the veterinary medicine curriculum in Latin America 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ortega Meyer, Bruno de Jesus

    2009-05-15

    review and responses obtained from interviews with 25 veterinarians selected from Argentina (3), Bolivia (2), Chile (3), Colombia (2), Costa Rica (3), Guatemala (2), Mexico(6), and Peru (4). Several techniques were used to complement the research, among...

  6. Garifuna Place-Making: Hope for the Guatemalan Nation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gorres, Shannon Marie

    2008-01-01

    In this thesis I use the geographic framework of moral progress to analyze the few places within Guatemala that are being constructed by the Garinagu. I use specific criteria from the framework to judge whether or not the ...

  7. The past, present, and future of Leishmania genomics and transcriptomics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cantacessi, Cinzia; Dantas-Torres, Filipe; Nolan, Matthew J.; Otranto, Domenico

    2015-01-28

    Arabia, Slovenia, enistan, Turkey, Ukraine, RLD: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, ador, Guatemala, Honduras, , Venezuela VL cases usually found in areas where human cases are reported. Autochthonous cases reported in dogs in the USA (no human cases reported so...

  8. spe375-01 page 1 of 4 INTRODUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, William I.

    .Accord- ing to the World Bank, the country has a per capita income of just over $2000, higher than Guatemala, through their work, aim to help develop strategies to mitigate the ter- rible suffering and monetary cost

  9. CORECT: Committee on Renewable Energy Commerce and Trade, 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-12-01

    An overview of the activities of CORECT (Committee on Renewable Energy, Commerce and Trade) for 1991 is presented as a series of highlights and photographs of projects underway in Mexico, Guatemala, Montserrat, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, and others.

  10. Communication Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment: A Study in Three Guatemalan Organizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Varona, Federico

    1991-06-27

    The main purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between organizational communication and organizational commitment in Guatemala. To investigate these areas, three different organizations were studied: 1) a private educational...

  11. Generative opponents : a new architecture for native soil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paredes, Axel Gabriel (Paredes Barrios)

    2007-01-01

    A design of an Ecological Visitor Center for the Central American country of Guatemala was carried out based on a series of explorations with analogue and digital design techniques. The theses addresses a possibility of ...

  12. CAPACITY BUILDING FOR NATURAL DISASTER REDUCTION (CBNDR) REGIONAL ACTION PROGRAM FOR CENTRAL AMERICA (RAPCA)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cultura y las Artes (UNESCO). En Centro América, la coordinación del Programa ha corrido a cargo del de San Carlos de Guatemala Escuela Regional de Ingeniería Sanitaria (ERIS), Universidad de San Carlos

  13. Subduction dynamics at the middle America trench : new constraints from swath bathymetry, multichannel seismic data, and ¹?Be

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, Robyn K

    2003-01-01

    The cosmogenic radionuclide ¹?Be is a unique tracer of shallow sediment subduction in volcanic arcs. The range in ¹?Be enrichment in the Central American Volcanic Arc between Guatemala and Costa Rica is not controlled by ...

  14. Novel Application of Metering Pump on Diesel Aftertreatment

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Guyan a The Bahamas Cuba Dominican Republic Panama Costa Rica Nicaragu a Honduras Guatemala El Salv ador T rinidad and Tobag o Jam. Haiti Puerto Rico (US) Greenland (Den.)...

  15. Support to Biofuels in Latin America and the Caribbean

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    biofuels - El Salvador (APEX-funded) - Dominican Republic - DR (APEX-funded) - Haiti, Guatemala and Honduras (IDB-funded) - DR Phase II to evaluate specific projects (IDB-funded) -...

  16. Neoliberal Multiculturalism and Indigenous Movements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Jean E.

    Más que un indio (More Than an Indian): Racial Ambivalence and Neoliberal Multiculturalism in Guatemala. By Charles R. Hale. Santa Fe, NM: School of American Research Press, 2006. Pp. xii + 292. $34.05 paper.

  17. Pipelining heavy crude oil requires special pumps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brennan, J.R. [Imo Industries, Singapore (Singapore)

    1995-10-01

    This paper reviews the use of rotary screw pumps installed at Guatemala`s Xan oil field to help pipeline heavy crudes to their processing facilities. It reviews the special design characteristics and specifications for each of the three pumps. It provides information on the capacities and the materials used in making the pumps. It provides information on cooling systems and on the engines used to power the pumps.

  18. THE INSTITUTE OF ELECTRONICS, INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takiguchi, Tetsuya

    Envelope Toru NAKASHIKA , Tetsuya TAKIGUCHI , and Yasuo ARIKI Graduate School of Engineering, Kobe University Rokkodaicho 1-1, Nada-ku, Kobe, Hyogo, 657-8501 Japan Organization of Advanced Science and speed. Because such methods require all the possible samples for the analysis, it is hard to build

  19. THE INSTITUTE OF ELECTRONICS, INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takiguchi, Tetsuya

    University Rokkodaicho 1-1, Nada-ku, Kobe, Hyogo, 657-8501 Japan Organization of Advanced Science for the analysis, it is hard to build the practical system of the method. In this paper, we propose a novel method vector, called a probabilistic spectrum envelope, is learned for each categories by use of Gaussian

  20. Daniel Appelo ,1 Gunilla Kreiss 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Appelö, Daniel

    , absorbing layers, elastic waves, 1991 MSC: 65M06, 65M12, 35L05, 74J05, 74S30 1 Introduction The perfectly property follows directly from the construction. However, there is no guarantee that the solution¨o), www.nada.kth.se/~gunillak (Gunilla Kreiss). 1 Supported by the Swedish research council grant no. VR

  1. Ways to Help Children Learn (Spanish) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Warren, Judith L.

    2002-01-04

    . ?No aprietes al gatito?. a73 Destruya la confianza en si mismo. ??Qu? nunca puedes hacer nada bien?? a73 Permita que el ambiente sea causa para mala conducta. Ni?os que pelean no deben sentarse juntos. a73 Permita m?s libertad de la que el ni...

  2. Translating Higher-Order Specifications to Coq Libraries Supporting Hybrid Proofs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Felty, Amy

    Translating Higher-Order Specifications to Coq Libraries Supporting Hybrid Proofs Nada Habli1, implemented in OCaml, which parses this syntax, and translates it to a Coq library that includes definitions specifically to reason about such formal systems. Given an input specification, the library

  3. Curso de Formacion continua en Matematicas UAM Curso 2004/2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernández Gallardo, Pablo

    - entes a los n´umeros del 1 al 36, la mitad rojos y la mitad negros. Buscamos una estrategia que maximice estrategias pueden ser variadas. Aqu´i sugerimos algunas: apostar siempre una cantidad fija (por ejemplo, 10 play) seguir la misma estrategia que en el todo o nada, excepto cuando, tras mirar la fortuna de que

  4. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NUCLEAR SCIENCE, VOL. 52, NO. 3, JUNE 2005 599 Investigation of the "Block Effect" on Spatial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Chris

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NUCLEAR SCIENCE, VOL. 52, NO. 3, JUNE 2005 599 Investigation of the "Block Effect" on Spatial Resolution in PET Detectors Nada Tomic, Student Member, IEEE, Christopher J. Thompson, Member, IEEE, and Michael E. Casey, Member, IEEE Abstract--Previous studies suggest that when block

  5. Physics of ion acceleration in the solar flare on 2005 September 7 determines c-ray and neutron production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    by the neutron monitors at Mt. Chacaltaya and Mexico City and by the solar neutron telescopes at ChacaltayaPhysics of ion acceleration in the solar flare on 2005 September 7 determines c-ray and neutron-sur-Yvette, France g Konan University, Nada-ku, Kobe 657-0000, Japan h Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory

  6. PublicationsmailagreementNo.40014024 Bright minds and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victoria, University of

    of Canada (RSC), the country's senior national body of distinguished Canadian scholars. In the historyNt or former uVic faculty members who are fellows of the royal society of caNada SEPTEMBER 2010 The University person in three inVictoria is assisted by a UnitedWay-funded agency or program.Visit the website

  7. Tiragem: 34477 Pas: Portugal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica

    sobre o abismo, e o senso comum diz-nos que a nossa existência não é mais que um breve espasmo de luz entre duas eternidades de es- curidão." Vladimir Nabokov I. Uma viagem no vazio. A luz é uma parte tão. Presumivelmente, porque "vemos" com luz e porque a luz traz notícias do desconhecido, de onde nada existia. Assim

  8. El otro "gran" Itziar Aretxaga, INAOE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aretxaga, Itziar

    luz proveniente de los objetos celestes, se optó por un diseño de espejo segmentado, que es mucho más dispositivos de posicionamiento (3 por hexágono) para corregir la colocación de los segmentos. La luz reflejada primario, y que dirige la luz a los instrumentos de registro. Un telescopio no es nada sin sus instrumentos

  9. A PROTOTYPE DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR GMO TRACEABILITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Novak, Petra Kralj

    A PROTOTYPE DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR GMO TRACEABILITY Petra Kralj(1), Nada Lavrac(1,2), Kristina. In this paper we present a prototype decision support system for GMO detection and identification. 1 INTRODUCTION A genetically modified organism (GMO) is an organism whose genetic material (Figure 1) has been

  10. Neogene tectonics of northern Central America prior to offset across the polochic fault

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burkart, B.; Sanchez-Barreda, L.A.; Deaton, B.C.

    1985-01-01

    The reconstruction which removes 130 km of documented left slip across the Polochic fault of northern Guatemala and southern Chiapas juxtaposes the foundered block of the Gulf of Tehuantepec and extensional terrane of Guatemala, lining up prolongations of the Motagua and Jocotan faults with known structures along the coastal margin of the Chiapas massif and within the Gulf. Coast-parallel faults with sinistral displacement, located along the margins of the Chiapas depression, were also active during the Miocene time interval of south-easterly migration of the Gulf of Tehuantepec block. Extensional terrane is well expressed in Guatemala and Honduras south of the Jocotan boundary fault, beginning where the southeasterly-moving block encounters the abrupt bend in the boundary fault. This complex plate boundary became simpler when the left-lateral, east-west-trending Polochic fault sliced across the isthmus in late Miocene, offsetting Laramide structures and the arcuate Neogene plate boundary faults. During its time of major activity the Polochic served as the principal plate boundary fault, across which the major displacement occurred. Today the western part of the NOAM-CARIB plate boundary is diffuse. From western Guatemala and southern Chiapas, where buckling and locking of the Polochic fault has taken place, displacement is distributed among countless shears which extend in a belt from western Guatemala across the Chiapas massif to the western landframe of the Gulf of Tehuantepec.

  11. (Power sector integrated efficiency program): Foreign trip report, August 1--11, 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Waddle, D.B.

    1989-08-18

    I traveled to Guatemala City to discuss host country and US Agency for International Development (USAID) Mission interest in an AID/Washington sponsored integrated utility efficiency initiative and to participate in a cogeneration conference. Discussions were held with USAID/Regional Office for Central America Panama (ROCAP), USAID/Guatemala City, the Ministry of Energy and Mines (MEM), the Empresa Electrica de Guatemala, and several members of the private sector regarding interest and the appropriateness of the proposed efficiency initiative. I then traveled to San Jose, Costa Rica to participate in a small scale hydro assessment study with a National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA) engineer for a newly formed generation and transmission consortium. Data were gathered both on member cooperative annual, seasonal and diurnal energy demand, as well as engineering data for the site analyses. Meetings were held with the cooperative members; USAID/San Jose; and the Ministry of Natural Resources, Energy and Mines to inform them of our progress.

  12. Caribbean basin framework, 2: Northern Central America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tyburski, S.A.; Gordon, M.B.; Mann, P. (Univ. of Texas, Austin (United States))

    1991-03-01

    There are four Jurassic to Recent basin-forming periods in northern Central America (honduras, Honduran Borderlands, Belize, Guatemala, northern Nicaragua): (1) Middle Jurassic-Early Cretaceous rifting and subsidence along normal faults in Honduras and Guatemala; rifts are suggested but are not well defined in Honduras by the distribution of clastic sediments and associated volcanic rocks. Rifting is attributed to the separation of Central America from the southern margin of the North American plate; (2) Cretaceous subsidence recorded by the development of a Cretaceous carbonate platform in Honduras, Guatemala, and Belize; subsidence is attributed to thermal subsidence of the rifted margins of the various blocks; (3) Late Cretaceous-Recent development of a volcanic arc along the western margin of Middle America and the northern margin of Honduras; (4) Late Cretaceous large-scale folding in Honduras, ophiolite obduction, and formation of a foredeep basin in Guatemala (Sepur trough); deformation is attributed to the collision between a north-facing arc in northern Honduras and the Nicaraguan Rise and the passive margin of Guatemala and Belize; and (5) Eocene to Recent strike-slip faulting along the present-day North American-Caribbean plate boundary in Guatemala, northern Honduras, and Belize. Strike-slip faults and basins form a California-type borderlands characterized by elongate basins that appear as half-grabens in profile. Counterclockwise rotation of the central honduras plateau, a thicker and topographically higher-than-average block within the plate boundary zone, is accommodated by rifting or strike-slip faults at its edges.

  13. Book Reviews, News Briefs and Recent Publications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1978-10-01

    mujer tradicionalmente sacrificada. Será por supuesto buena base de foro para después de las funciones. Con los mismos planteos políticos, en un país de democracia autoritaria, la Candelaria de Colombia da el ejemplo de un teatro popular sin la menor.... Los actores comunican en sus extraños gestos la fuerza imparable de una lógica cuya clave nos queda disimulada. Los símbolos de la opresión ejercida por unas momias sobre un joven apasionan al público argentino desde hace meses, sin tener nada que...

  14. La resistencia cultural en El toro por las astas de Radrigán

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neghme Echeverrí a, Lidia

    1988-10-01

    a Cristo) el motor de la pasividad de los otros. Actuando así, el autor introduce la problemática chilena. La escena se desarrolla en un prostíbulo mise rable. Desde ese espacio, los espectadores son alcanzados por "signos" del tiempo histórico... reformula la energía creadora proveniente de los humildes, de los que nada esperan. Al revisar el contenido, se nota que el texto de Radrigán evoca situaciones sin atenuantes. Actuando así, el autor enriquece la obra. Es decir, enfrenta al espectador o...

  15. Entrevista con Sabina Berman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hind, Emily

    2000-04-01

    revolución. Entonces a mí me pareció fascinante que él pensara en la democracia con tal intensidad descartando el cincuenta por ciento de la población. Igual que ellos [los revolucionarios]. En México se hizo la revolución para la igualdad, la fraternidad... mujeres, que además nunca se concretizo totalmente. No ciertamente en las áreas de poder, pero sí en la vida cotidiana. En la Revolución Mexicana para nada. Eso era una metáfora extrema de la situación actual donde hablamos de la democracia y todo el...

  16. Solucion de Multiples Sistemas Lineales en J. M. Molero1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plaza, Antonio J.

    .S. Quintana-Ort´i4 y A. Plaza5 Resumen-- Este trabajo se centra en el c´alculo, de forma concurrente, de m- izaci´on. Cabe destacar que todas estas implementa- ciones est´an dise~nadas para acelerar el c´alculo aplicaciones que requieren un esquema de c´alculo diferente, donde es necesario resolver muchos sistemas

  17. Fragmentos de Sombra: Una Biografía Intelectual de Fernando González 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palacios Perez, Jose

    2014-07-01

    mundo académico. De este tránsito nacen elementos nuevos que son los que desarrollo en estas páginas, miradas alternativas, y marcos de juicio diferentes a las lecturas que otros autores han emprendido usando otros lentes. Este estudio va a seguir tres... disputa política sobre la cátedra no tenía nada que ver con pedagogía, sino con la posibilidad de adoctrinar: Examinando, por ejemplo, la enseñanza, encontramos que nunca ha existido la escuela: unas veces, los textos, maestros y prácticas, sometidos al...

  18. Contributing to engineering education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    's energy industry and certain other industrial applications. Through an integrated global network in Argentina, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, Guatemala, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Romania, Uruguay, USA and the renewal of Scholarships awarded in previous years. Scholarships For exceptional university graduates from

  19. 0031-0182/$ -see front matter D 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2005.06.037

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    the depositional model inferred from seismic stratigraphy. D 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Paleoclimatology; Lake sediments; Seismic stratigraphy; Lake level changes; Guatemala 1. Introduction Lake seismic stratigraphic analysis F.S. Anselmetti a,*, D. Ariztegui b , D.A. Hodell c , M.B. Hillesheim c , M

  20. Tropentag 2010 ETH Zurich, September 14 -16, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    Area: Sierra del Lacandón National Park, Guatemala Laurel Sutera1 David L. López-Carra a University in the late 1960s in the southern edge of the park, and in the 1980s on the eastern edge (Carr 1999; Carr 2008 communities located within or overlapping the borders of the park (Carr 2008). In the intervening 11 years

  1. Ecological Modelling 229 (2012) 6475 Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    2012-01-01

    ­natural systems: Spatial and multi-level models of tropical land use and cover change (LUCC) in Guatemala David (Lambin et al., 2003; Carr, 2004). Recent empirical studies have uncovered feedbacks within migration and LUCC (Carr, 2009), population change and LUCC (Liu et al., 2001), and socio-economic development

  2. Energy and development in Central America. Volume I: Regional assessment. Final report October 1979-February 1980

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, W.; Neves, C.; Trehan, R.; Ackerman, E.; Gallagher, W.

    1980-02-01

    This report presents an energy assessment of six Central American countries - Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama - to assist these countries in defining, planning, and meeting energy requirements implicit in their economic and social development goals and also to assist the U.S. Agency for International Development and other development organizations in defining energy programs in Central America.

  3. CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries. Volume I

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duke, J.A.

    1986-01-01

    The contents of this book are: Introduction, Argentina, Bangladesh, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Bourkina (Upper Volta), Brazil, Burma, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Chile, Columbia, Costa Rica, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, French Guiana, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Jamaica, Appendix I. Conventional and Energetic Yields, Appendix II, Phytomass Files, and References.

  4. Energy and development in Central America. Volume II: Country assessments. Final report October 1979-February 1980

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, W.; Neves, C.; Trehan, R.; Ackerman, E.; Gallagher, W.

    1980-03-01

    This report presents an energy assessment of six Central American countries - Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama - to assist these countries in defining, planning, and meeting energy requirements implicit in their economic and social development goals and also to assist the U.S. Agency for International Development and other development organizations in defining energy programs in Central America.

  5. Energy and development in Central America. Volume I: regional assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, W.; Neves, C.; Trehan, R.; Ackerman, E.; Gallagher, W.

    1980-02-01

    This report presents an energy assessment of six Central American countries - Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama - to assist these countries in defining, planning, and meeting energy requirements implicit in their economic and social development goals and also to assist the U.S. Agency for International Development and other development organizations in defining energy programs in Central America.

  6. Natural Disasters and Adaptation to Climate Change Edited by Sarah Boulter, Jean Palutikof, David Karoly, and Daniela Guitart

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Batterbury, Simon

    wave: impacts, public health adaptation and response in France 189 Mathilde Pascal, Alain Le Tertre cyclone Sidr in Bangladesh 264 Bimal K. Paul and Munshi K. Rahman 18 Coffee, disasters, and social-ecological resilience in Guatemala and Chiapas, Mexico 276 Hallie Eakin, Helda Morales, Edwin Castellanos, Gustavo Cruz

  7. Newsletter2494-41 Highlights Inside

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    Course in Guatemala 2. UIC Inspector Training Course in San Juan with EPA 3. Hydrologic/Hydraulic Study procedures developed by the United States Army Corp of Engineers (USACOE) are a valuable tool to assist-of-the-art tech- niques to asses and design river stability measures that would be an instructive manual suitable

  8. Getting connected: Kinship and compadrazgo in rural Tlaxcala, Mexico* Michael Schnegg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Douglas R.

    and it must sound nostalgic for a migration-shaken country like Mexico to describe peasant villages as closedGetting connected: Kinship and compadrazgo in rural Tlaxcala, Mexico* Michael Schnegg Institute earlier that the groups they had visited during their expedition to Mexico and Guatemala were quite

  9. A habitat model predicting Cerulean Warbler (Dendroica cerulea) distribution in Central

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, Matthew

    during Spring migration Tiffany Beachy FWF Seminar 16 April 2008 · Nearctic Neotropical migrants · Breed · Validation of model: ­ April 2007 ­ Chiapas, Mexico, Guatemala, and Honduras #12;4 Methods: Acquire variables in Central America during spring migration · Continued monitoring needed to further validate the model

  10. International Services Fall 2011 Total Enrollment = 1745

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    Engineering Public Health Chemistry Business Administration Electrical Engineering 34 35 35 35 40 48 55 60 75.3% Guatemala 5 0.3% Nicaragua 5 0.3% Egypt 4 0.2% Czech Republic 4 0.2% Switzerland 4 0.2% Netherlands Antilles

  11. UAMcifrasen Universidad Autnoma de Madrid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Autonoma de Madrid, Universidad

    - - - Gestión Aeronáutica 328 84 412 - - - Maestría en Gerencia para el Desarrollo sostenible (Guatemala) 20 8 6 4 10 Diploma Formación Superior en Edición: Desarrollo de proyectos editoriales 9 17 26 6 16 22 - - - - 1 1 Especialista en Alcoholismo 75 57 131 75 57 131 Especialista en Cultura, Sociedad y Desarrollo

  12. UAMcifrasen Universidad Autnoma de Madrid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Autonoma de Madrid, Universidad

    14 Estudios Italianos 3 8 11 Gerencia para el Desarrollo Sostenible (Se imparte en Guatemala) 25 17, Sociedad y Desarrollo en América Latina - - 36 Diploma de Formación Superior en Dirección Bancaria - - 38 Derecho y Administración Local 16 10 26 Desarrollo Económico Local (Se imparte en Argentina) 13 26 39

  13. Wind Power and the Clean Development Mechanism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . data source: www.CD4CDM.org compiled by J. Fenhann UNEP Risoe Centre CDM Pipeline of Projects (UNFCCC, Philippines EC-ASEAN ENERGY FACILITY #12;CD4CDM project Objective · Help developing countries participate : Cambodia, Philippines, Vietnam · Latin America: Bolivia, Ecuador, Guatemala · Middle East and North Africa

  14. Forthcoming in: Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers (Briston, UK: Thoemmes Press) CASTA ~NEDA, Hector-Neri (19241991)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rapaport, William J.

    ~NEDA, Hector-Neri (1924­1991) H´ector-Neri Casta~neda-Calder´on (December 13, 1924­September 7, 1991 (1990), and received the Presidential Medal of Honor from the Government of Guatemala (1991). Casta~neda in Thinking and Doing (1975), in which Casta~neda showed how it can provide solutions for the paradoxes

  15. Abstract -The world has become information and technology dependent. The use of Information Technology is an effective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , with the degree of success being directly proportional to stra- tegic investments in science, technology, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (Porto Alegre, Brazil) Mauro Miskulin Facultade de Engenharia Eléctrica

  16. Bringing simulation to implementation: Presentation of a global approach in the design of passive solar buildings under humid tropical climates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garde, François; Celaire, Robert

    2012-01-01

    In early 1995, a DSM pilot initiative has been launched in the French islands of Guadeloupe and Reunion through a partnership between several public and private partners (the French Public Utility EDF, the University of Reunion Island, low cost housing companies, architects, energy consultants, etc...) to set up standards to improve thermal design of new residential buildings in tropical climates. This partnership led to defining optimized bio-climatic urban planning and architectural designs featuring the use of passive cooling architectural principles (solar shading, natural ventilation) and components, as well as energy efficient systems and technologies. The design and sizing of each architectural component on internal thermal comfort in building has been assessed with a validated thermal and airflow building simulation software (CODYRUN). These technical specifications have been edited in a reference document which has been used to build over 300 new pilot dwellings through the years 1996-1998 in Reunion...

  17. A recommended numbering scheme for Influenza A HA subtypes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burke, David F.; Smith, Derek J.

    2014-11-12

    /little-yellow-shouldered bat/Guatemala/060/2010 MELIILLILLNPYTFVLG DRICIGYQANQN H18 A/flat-faced bat/Peru/033/2010 MITILILVLPIVVG DQICIGYHSNNS The N-terminal signal peptide cleavage site of HA was predicted using the signalP [7] for all HA subtypes. Most subtypes are cleaved... /1998); H10(A/mallard/bavaria/3/2006); H11(A/duck/England/1/1956); H12(A/duck/Alberta/60/1976); H13(A/gull/Maryland/704/1977); H14(A/mallard/Astra- khan/263/1982); H15(A/duck/Australia/341/1983); H16(A/black-headed-gull/Turkmenistan/13/1976); H17(A/little-yellow-shouldered-bat/Guatemala...

  18. Household energy use in non-OPEC developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fernandez, J.C.

    1980-05-01

    Energy use in the residential sector in India, Brazil, Mexico, the Republic of Korea, the Sudan, Pakistan, Malaysia, and Guatemala is presented. Whenever possible, information is included on the commercial fuels (oil, gas, coal, and electricity) and on what are termed noncommercial fuels (firewood, animal dung, and crop residues). Of special interest are the differences in the consumption patterns of urban and rural areas, and of households at different income levels. Where the data allow, the effect of household size on energy consumption is discussed. Section II is an overview of the data for all eight countries. Section III examines those areas (India, Brazil, Mexico City) for which data exist on the actual quantity of energy consumed by households. Korea, the Sudan, and Pakistan, which collect data on household expenditures on fuels, are discussed in Section IV. The patterns of ownership of energy-using durables in Malaysia and Guatemala are discussed in Section V. (MCW)

  19. Third international conference on heavy crude and tar sands. Part II. Highlights on cooperations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-08-28

    Oversupplies of conventional light petroleum worldwide have all but eclipsed the importance of heavy crude and tar sands where near-term market prospects are concerned. However, ongoing investments in productivity of heavy oil projects, from high-tech California to underdeveloped Guatemala, will hopefully continue at a pace that will assure uninterrupted advances. This issue continues ED's coverage of the Third International Conference on Heavy Crude and Tar Sands. A graph shows the results of Guatemala's efforts to attract foreign investment in its crude oil production. This issue also contains: (1) the refining netback data for the US Gulf and West Coast, Singapore, and Rotterdam as of Aug. 27, 1985; and (2) the fuel price/tax series and the principal industrial fuel prices as of July 1985 for countries of the Western Hemisphere.

  20. An energy atlas of five Central American countries. Un atlas energetico de cinco paises Centroamericanos

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trocki, L.; Newman, C.K.; Gurule, F.; Aragon, P.C.; Peck, C.

    1988-08-01

    In a series of maps and figures, this atlas summarizes what is known about the energy resources and how these resources and oil imports supply the energy needs of five Central American countries: Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Costa Rica, and Panama. The main exploited energy resources are firewood, hydroelectric energy, bagasse from sugar cane residues, and geothermal energy. Limited oil exploration in the region has uncovered modest oil resources only in Guatemala. Peat and small coal deposits are also known to exist but are not presently being exploited. After the description of energy resources, this atlas describes energy supply and demand patterns in each country. It concludes with a description of socioeconomic data that strongly affect energy demand. 4 refs.

  1. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - Belize; U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-03-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of Belize, a Central American country bordering Mexico to the north, Guatemala to the west and south, and the Caribbean Sea to the east. Although not an island nation, Belize is included in this energy snapshot series because it is a member of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), an alliance of 15 Caribbean nations in the region.

  2. Industry`s turnaround looks real

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-08-01

    The paper discusses the industry outlook for North American gas and oil industries. In a robust Canada, land sales are setting records, drilling is up, and output is rising beyond last year`s 21% growth. A perception among US operators that wellhead prices will remain stable is translating to increased spending. The USA, Canada, Mexico, Cuba are evaluated separately, with brief evaluations of Greenland, Guatemala, Belize, and Costa Rico. Data are presented on drilling activities.

  3. Precise characterization of Guatemalan obsidian sources, and source determination of artifacts from Quirigua

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stross, F.H.; Sheets, P.; Asaro, F.; Michel, H.V.

    1983-01-01

    For the determination of provenience of obsidian artifacts, precise and accurate measurements of composition patterns of the geologic sources are necessary for definitive and cost-effective assignments. Inter-comparison of data from different laboratories is often difficult. Suggestions for maximizing the usefulness of data already in the literature are made, contributions to a useful data bank of source composition patterns are recorded, and provenience determinations of 30 artifacts excavated in Quirigua, Guatemala are presented to exemplify the technique.

  4. Neutron activation analysis of modern pottery: Insights for archaeological provenance research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neff, H. [Univ. of Missouri, Columbia, MO (United States); Arnold, D.E. [Wheaton College, IL (United States); Benco, N.L. [George Washington Univ., Washington, DC (United States); Thieme, M.S. [Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (United States)

    1996-12-31

    Neutron activation analysis has been employed to characterize ceramics and raw material samples from modern pottery-making communities. The original study focused on several villages in the central highlands of Guatemala. More recently, NAA data have been collected from communities in the Valley of Oaxaca, Mexico, the northern Yucatan Peninsula, and northern Morocco. The results from all four studies can now be combined to yield a comparative perspective on paste preparation effects in archaeological provenance research.

  5. South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deal, C.

    1981-10-01

    Summaries of oil and gas drillings, well completions, production, exploratory wells, exploration activity and wildcat drilling were given for South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico. The countries, islands, etc. included Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward and Windward Islands, Mexico, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, El Salvador, Surinam, Trinidad and Venezuela. 16 figures, 120 tables. (DP)

  6. Rio Hondo hydro-electric project feasibility study. Executive summary. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-10-01

    This report was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency on behalf of Enserch Development Corporation. It is the Executive Summary of a feasibility study which was prepared to present a technical and financial evaluation of a hydropower project in the Rio Hondo basin in Guatemala. Included are brief summaries of the following aspects of the project: (1) Background, (2) Geological Studies, (3) Hydrological Studies, (4) Optimization Studies, (5) Recommendations, (6) Environmental Studies, (7) Implementation.

  7. Panorama del teatro guatemalteco de los noventa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mé ndez de Penedo, Lucrecia

    2000-10-01

    algunos de los datos más importantes y significativos - necesariamente dejando fuera gente y realizaciones valiosas - tratando de interpretarlos para poder realizar una lectura que explique y valorice críticamente la actividad teatral durante esta... guatemalteco. Como tesis universitarias en la Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala aparecen, de María Raquel Monterroso Muñoz, Análisis socioideológico de la dramaturgia de Florencio Sánchez y su irradiación al teatro guatemalteco (1994); de Francisco Rene...

  8. VIII Festival Iberoamericano de Teatro de Cádiz: La América India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reverte Bernal, Concepció n

    1994-04-01

    correr el público, y, según declaró el propio Raga, buscaban primordialmente la diversión. Otro espectáculo de calle fue Side-car, de la compañía Boni & Caroli, constituida por la pareja Jordi Juanet—Ramón Muñoz, que tiene como "técnico regidor" a..., Williams da Silva Santos, José Vicente Resino, Joaquín Hernández, Thea Segall), "Arte indígena de Guatemala," "Detrás de las máscaras, personas y personajes" (máscaras de Argentina, Bolivia, Peru), "Dibujos, máscaras y plumaria de indígenas yanomami...

  9. The Church in Poverty: Bishops, Bourbons, and Tithes in Spanish Honduras, 1700-1821

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mü ller, Gene Alan

    1981-12-01

    in acquiring 100 rolls of microfilm on Honduran archival documents for the University of Kansas Libraries from the Instituto Panamericano de Geografía e Hist oria. In Monterrey I am indebted to the personnel of the Library of the Instituto Tecnológico de... Monterrey for resources on colonial Mexico and Guatemala. During fall semester, 1981, El Paso Community College granted me sabbatical leave to complete the final stages of this study. I speci fically wish to recognize the support of the Board of Trustees...

  10. The Lost Ones: Post-Gatekeeper U.S. Latina Fiction and the Construction of Cultural Trauma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caminero-Santangelo, Marta

    2010-01-13

    Studies. The Lost Ones: Post-Gatekeeper U.S. Latina Fiction and the Construction of Cultural Trauma By Marta Caminero-Santangelo, University of Kansas When violence and state repression in El Salvador and Guatemala in the 1980s caused large... The Guardians (2007), Reyna Grande’s Across a Hundred Mountains (2006), and Alicia Gaspar de Alba’s Desert Blood: The Juárez Murders (2005).2 In this essay, I argue that such Chicana texts are 1 I am...

  11. New Central American Cinema (2001-2010)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duró n, Hispano

    2014-05-31

    Institute) ICSR Instituto Cinematográfico de El Salvador Revolucionario (Film Institute of Revolutionary El Salvador) ILO International Labour Organization INCINE Instituto Nicaragüense de Cine (Nicaraguan Film Institute) xi IOM... interpretations to the debate of the recent history of Central America. In this study, Central America is defined as the geographical region between Mexico and Colombia, comprised by seven countries (Belize1, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua...

  12. Handbook to guide the measurement and monitoring of project effectiveness and impact

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1986-09-15

    This handbook demonstrates the application of a tool for measuring and monitoring the impact of a development project in the Department of Quezaltenango, Guatemala. That project itself presently is a demonstration. It explores the technical feasibility and the commercial possibilities of direct geothermal heat applications to the processing of agricultural produce - with the eventual purpose of expanding agricultural exports from Guatemala. The handbook focuses on an early stage of the geothermal initiative and guides preparations for future impact measurement and monitoring of geothermal projects. Primarily, guidance is for projects in agricultural applications of geothermal heat - and basically in Quezaltenango. But the exercise and the handbook are relevant in broad outline to other, industrial applications projects as well which may be based in other departments and have immediate impact across the whole country. This handbook attempts to prepare geothermal energy planners in Guatemala for that juncture when geothermal projects can be managed by objectives. It promotes and facilitates thinking about defining specific objectives for projects that result from the demonstration at Zunil (in Quezaltenango Department); and it prompts preparations for obtaining baseline measurements and for making rational projections on the achievements of future projects.

  13. El teatro cubano para jóvenes: La apariencia y el mensaje

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pozin, Mikhail

    1995-04-01

    comunista. Partiendo de este concepto, los autores de Tema para Verónica y Proyecto de amor no ven nada malo en mostrar a la gente urbana que trabaja en el campo ayudando a los campesinos. En Cuba se practica el uso del trabajo voluntario en gran escala... limitaciones, el espectador puede reconocer cierto realismo, verdadero en la representación de los protagonistas y de la vida diaria. Es notable en las obras la presencia de un compromiso ideológico. Pero dada la crisis de la economía cubana se advierte...

  14. Handling Food and Supplies during Power Loss (Spanish) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schoessow, Courtney

    2007-10-08

    desayuno, cereal o granola ? Cereal seco ? Galletas y galletitas ? Pan ? Multivitam?nicos ? Caramelos duros (para ayudar a mantener la boca h?meda cuando los suministros de agua son limitados) ? F?rmula para ni?os (de una marca listo para usar) ? Comidas... Manejo de alimentos y suministros durante cortes de energ?a Consejos adicionales ? Si el suministro de agua segura y limpia es limitado, compre alimentos cuya preparaci?n requiera poca agua o nada de agua. Adem?s, opte por galletas, nueces, sopas y...

  15. Pedagogía teatral en el Perú

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dí az, Gré gor

    1993-10-01

    los sicodramas y, en la pedagogía, conduciendo al educando al estado civil, cuidadano, prójimo, a través de la Educación por el arte. Pero, por su naturaleza de creación del hombre, con el hombre y para el hombre, el teatro es medio masivo de...? ¿Quiénes estudian en la E.N.S.A.E.? Jóvenes de las clases populares de un país donde la desocupación y la pobreza compiten heroicamente para pagar los intereses de la "deuda nacional" que en nada los favoreció. Quizás, me digo, como en "Aladino y la...

  16. Teatro paraguayo al fin del milenio (1990-2000)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bogado, Ví ctor

    2000-10-01

    muy buenos trabajos escritos por jóvenes valores. El resultado de este primer taller ha sido publicado bajo el título El río y otras historias. El CEPATE: Su protagonismo En el aspecto gremial, el Centro Paraguayo de Teatro (CEPATE) cumple este año...), bajo la excelente dirección de Agustín Núñez, quien ademas diseñó la funcional escenografía No se trata, sin embargo, de una biografía ni una versión teatralizada de la novela. Es, más que nada, la historia de un hombre público que es víctima de un...

  17. Festivales de teatro en America.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Castillo, Susana D.

    1974-10-01

    objetos; y la alegre labor del talentoso grupo de Marionetas Rayo de Sol, de Hungría. La presentación de Yerma, por la compañía española de Nuria Espert, fue motivo de grandes polémicas. Por un lado, se admiraba la atrevida escenografía de Victor... grupo de jóvenes actores bajo la dirección de Silvya Santelices y Jaime Schneider. Básicamente, La cantata es una obra musical—como su nombre lo indica—estre nada en Santiago en 1970. El Grupo Latinoamericano de Pantomimas ha res petado su música y...

  18. La libertad en Las manos de Dios.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schoenbach, Peter J.

    1970-04-01

    . Así es que un crimen como el imaginado fusilamiento del hermano de Beatriz es llamado "la Justicia." Ésta es la misma inversión de valores a la que apuntaba Orwell. Solórzano plantea en términos con movedores la fricción inevitable de la conciencia... al farsante que es este ministro de la fe tan bien como en la escena en que él y sus jacales conspiran para encubrir el robo de las joyas. Después de culparse el uno al otro el Cura sugiere que no se diga nada acerca del crimen a nadie. Lo ve como...

  19. Verbal Violence and the Pursuit of Power in Apareceu a Margarida

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Albuquerque, Severino Joã o

    1986-04-01

    voltou até hoje. (41) The object of the next type of violatives to be examined here is verbal language itself. Distortives represent an indirect form of personal aggression since the reader or spectator cannot help but feel disturbed by the disruption... to the disorder which rules the world of this figure who claims to stand for law, order, and tradition, yet informs her students that "Biologia é a ciência da vida. Da vida alheia. A ciencia da vida privada chama-se medicina" (31), and that "Evolução não é nada...

  20. Otro monólogo más (D´après Oscar Villegas, Un señor y una señora)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cypess, Sandra M.

    1993-04-01

    88 LATIN AMERICAN THEATRE REVIEW LATT 92: Liberty Hall, Lawrence. LATT 92: Emilio Caiballido y Jorge Galindo. SPRING 1993 89 Otro monólogo más (D'apres Osear Villegas, Un señor y una señora) Sandra M. Cypess (La llegada al centro de los... Estados Unidos, centro de teatro latinoamericano teatro revista) —Pero ¿tenemos que registrarnos a las 5? Eso del monólogo de Pepe Triana en la Unión es como un aperitivo, es preámbulo del congreso. "No, no estoy loco de nada, pero estos fantasmas que...

  1. Una tarde con Héctor Mendoza

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Padró n-Leó n, Bá rbara A.; Peale, C. George

    1999-10-01

    amabilísimo y gran amigo de él fue Tirso de Molina, monje mercedario. Entonces, lo que yo me imaginé primero era como un colegio de monjes mercedarios haciéndole una obra homenaje a Ruíz de Alarcón, representando como a la memoria de Ruíz de Alarcón con... años que quedan de esta década? No lo sé. Nunca hago planes a largo plazo, y mucho menos ahora que ya estoy viejo y me puedo morir en cualquier momento. Yo planeo lo inmediatamente próximo que voy a hacer, lo próximo nada más. En estos momentos...

  2. Mayan Telegraphese: Intonational Determinants of Inflectional Development in Quiché Mayan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pye, Clifton

    1983-09-01

    -tional structure of the language they are learning. 1. I collected longitudinal records from four Quiche Mayan children (aged 2;0 to 3;0 when I began) living in the highland village of Zunil, Guatemala. I visited the children in their homes over a nine... in prefabricated routines. (c) 'If [morpheme] x has low frequency and low perceptual salience, and is verbally con-ditioned [sic] and expressive of a semantic modulation, then it will be completely absent from Stage I.' The next step is to apply these predictions...

  3. Central American update

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hodgson, S.F.

    1987-07-01

    The Central American Energy Resources Project is designed to help the countries of Honduras, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Panama develop their geothermal resources. Auxiliary project goals are to increase economic development and employment in Central America; to provide a scientific basis for the private sector to develop natural resources; and to provide scientific training to in-country scientists, engineers, and technicians. The energy resources project began in March 1985. The progress being made in El Salvador (production well logging and geophysical operations), Panama (site selection for the first temperature-gradient well), and Honduras (well drilling of temperature-gradient wells) is summarized.

  4. Geothermal activities in Central America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whetten, J.T.; Hanold, R.J.

    1985-09-11

    The Agency for International Development is funding a new program in energy and minerals for Central America. Geothermal energy is an important component. A country-wide geothermal assessment has started in Honduras, and other assessment activities are in progress or planned for Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Panama. Instrumentation for well logging has been provided to Costa Rica, and a self-contained logging truck will be made available for use throughout Central America. An important objective of this program is to involve the private sector in resource development. 4 refs., 3 figs.

  5. Tikal obsidian: sources and typology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moholy-Nagy, H.; Asaro, F.; Stross, F.H.

    1984-01-01

    The obsidian industry of Classic period Tikal, Guatemala, is discussed with regard to geological source determinations and behavioral typology. The potential of these two approaches for cultural reconstruction is greatly extended when they can supplement each other. Recent source determinations of obsidian artifacts from Tikal indicate (1) a behavioral link between locally-produced prismatic blades of Highland Guatemalan stone and ceremonial incised obsidians and eccentrics, and (2) a Central Mexican origin for a seemingly large portion of Tikal's obsidian projectile points and knives. 25 references, 3 figures, 5 tables.

  6. Energy and development in Central America. Volume II. country assesments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, W.; Neves, C.; Trehan, R.; Ackerman, E.; Gallagher, W.

    1980-03-01

    This volume presents a country-by-country energy assessment of six Central American countries: Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama. For each country it includes an assessment of geographic, social, and economic aspects of energy development, an assessment of energy resources, current and projected energy use, potential strategies for energy development, and finally recommendations to USAID for the orientation of its energy development programs. Each country assessment is supplemented with a summary of energy R and D activities and a description of each country's energy-related institutions.

  7. The many faces of methylmercury poisoning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elhassani, S.B.

    1982-10-01

    Methylmercury (MM) is a very potent neurotoxic agent. Its role in polluting the environment is well documented. A vast amount of study over the past several decades has finally provided insight into many aspects of its effect. Exposure to MM may be through ingestion of poisoned fish or inadvertent misuse of grain treated with the poison as a fungicide. Major epidemics have occurred in Japan (Fetal Minamata disease), Iraq, Pakistan, Guatemala, and Ghana. Sporadic incidences have occurred in the United States and Canada. There is no effective antidote to counteract the effect of MM on the central nervous system, although the information documented should provide hope for more effective therapy in acute cases.

  8. Central American resource studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Van Eeckhout, E.; Laughlin, A.W.

    1989-01-01

    Los Alamos National Laboratory has been working with five Central American countries to assist in the development of their energy and mineral resources. Since 1985, mineral resources in Costa Rica, peat resources in Costa Rica and Panama, geothermal energy resources in Honduras and Guatemala, and geothermal field development in El Salvador and Costa Rica have been topics of study. This paper presents an overview of this work -- within these proceedings are papers that deal with specific aspects of each topic, and these will be duly noted. 15 refs., 4 figs.

  9. Oilfields of the World. Third edition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tiratsoo, E.N.

    1985-01-01

    This third edition (updated to 1984) covers all of the world's major producing areas (both onshore and offshore) on six continents. It offers essential geologic, reserves, and production data on 13 nations that have become commercial oil producers in the last five years: Benin, Cameroon, Congo Republic, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Sudan, Zaire, Greece, The Phillippines, Sharjah, Thailand, Guatemala, and Surinam. Numerous maps display the geologic details of each area. This book also contains full-color maps of the oil and gas fields of the North Sea, Persian Gulf, Mexico, Venezuela, and Brazil.

  10. (Mid-term evaluation of the Central America Rural Electrification Support program)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perlack, R.D.

    1990-03-30

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) was requested by Regional Office for Central America and Panama (ROCAP) to conduct a mid-term evaluation of the CARES project. Numerous meetings were held with National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA) staff, ROCAP staff, and local officials in Guatemala, Honduras, and Belize. In general, the CARES project has been quite successful in a number of key areas as well as in soliciting support from utilities and US Agency for International Development (USAID) Missions. Changes were recommended in the area of report writing and some management activities. It was also recommended that any new activities be considered in the light of the availability of local personnel.

  11. International petroleum encyclopedia, 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-01-01

    Highlights of the 1987 edition include: a completely updated atlas section featuring new maps of Guatemala, the North Slope, Angola, South China Sea, Oman Offshore, Bohai Gulf, and Offshore Santa Maria Basin; a 25-page look at activity, prospects and operations in North Sea; a commentary on ''Oil After The Crash'' the current OGJ 400 Report; a look at the worldwide refining industry; a survey of refining and petrochemical catalysts; a special feature detailing EOR projects in the U.S. and worldwide; an update on activity in the U.S. Gulf of Mexico; and a current report on drilling technology.

  12. Middle East sparking increase in world drilling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-02-01

    Global drilling outside the United States appears to have bottomed out last year if official numbers and estimates supplied to World oil prove accurate. The 1990:0090 forecast calls for a 7.8% boost to 22,316 wells (excluding the USSR, Eastern Europe and North Korea), and every region expects to see a net increase. Figures provided by governmental agencies, operating companies and other sources indicate Middle Eastern drilling last year hit a new high for the 1980's with 948 wells. These figures are also given for Western Europe, the Far East, Africa, South America, Canada, Mexico, Costa Rica, and Guatemala.

  13. North America: A better second half for drilling--Maybe. [Oil and gas exploration and development in North America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-08-01

    This paper provides data on the exploration, production, and drilling activity of the oil and gas industry in Canada, the US, and Central America. The section on the US discusses trends in drilling activity in both the first and second half of 1993. Statistical information on all oil and gas producing states if provided in a tabular format. Information on exploration and development expenditures is also discussed. Data is also provided drilling and production information for Canada, Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Nicaragua, and other minor production areas.

  14. The status of energy planning in five Central American countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Booth, S.R.; Fonseca, M.G.

    1991-08-01

    This report examines the current status of national energy planning in Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Panama. A framework is provided that divides energy planning activities into two broad categories: the fundamental tasks'' and the bounding conditions.'' The fundamental tasks of energy planning include the gathering and systematizing of data, conducting energy situation analyses and short- or long-term planning for the country, and defining and implementing national energy plans. While the bonding conditions are situations that preclude completion of fundamental tasks, such as level of technical expertise. 20 refs., 11 figs., 2 tabs.

  15. (Rural electrification: Grid extension, decentralization, and financing)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perlack, R.D.

    1990-02-22

    H.G. (Mike) Jones and I had numerous meetings with EEGSA staff. We discussed rural electrification plans, reviewed documents, and collaborated on collecting information on decentralized energy alternatives. Meetings were also held with USAID/Guatemala, USAID/ROCAP, NRECA, MEM, PVOs, and equipment vendors. A preliminary draft report and spreadsheet for comparing decentralized power alternatives was completed. The report and findings were presented to EEGSA and the methodology transferred to EEGSA staff. A set of recommended followup activities was also presented to EEGSA.

  16. Was Brazil's recent growth acceleration the world's most overrated boom?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palma, Jose Gabriel

    2012-11-01

    to such 2 Perhaps the main reason why for the ‘new’ left is so difficult to continue thinking critically in their new, ‘modern’, ideology (and in their new, ‘modern’ relationship to power) is explained by Freud’s idea that “[a]nyone who knows anything... , the year of the military coup); China*, rate of growth 1980-2011 = 8.7%; co = Colombia; cr = Costa Rica; dr = Dominican Republic e = Ecuador; gt = Guatemala; mx = Mexico; pe = Peru; us = United States; ur = Uruguay; ve = Venezuela; and za = South Africa...

  17. POETISA CHIC: FASHIONING THE MODERN FEMALE POET IN CENTRAL AMERICA, 1929-1944

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finzer, Erin S.

    2008-01-01

    , militarization, military invasion, and economic imperialism. 1 Not only did several dictators?such as Jorge Ubico in Guatemala, Maximiliano Hern?ndez Mart?nez in El Salvador, and Anastasio Somoza Garc?a in Nicaragua?consolidate their power during this time... period, but the United Fruit Company (UFC) was at the height of its influence, and the U.S. military presence in Nicaragua reminded the entire region of its precarious independence. 2 As will be discussed in more detail in chapter 2, the heavy...

  18. Central America and Cuba in the new world order

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, W.; Gilbert, L.

    1994-03-01

    In Central America and the Caribbean, as in many other parts of the world, military institutions are being forced to define new roles for themselves in the post-Cold War era. In recent times, developments throughout the region, including the dismantling of Panama`s military, the downsizing of the armed forces in El Salvador and Nicaragua, a call by the new Honduran president for military reform and renewed peace talks in Guatemala, suggest that the time may be ripe to reinvigorate earlier regional political organizations and to press for a new round of talks to achieve regional arms control. During the 1980s, the ideological struggle between East and West, reignited by the Nicaraguan revolution in 1979, dragged the entire region into conflicts that devastated the isthmus in terms of human lives and economic infrastructure. Indigenous struggles that had developed during the 1970s were suddenly thrust upon the international stage, becoming part of a larger drama between the superpowers. Conflicts in El Salvador, Nicaragua and Guatemala provided impetus for larger armed forces throughout the region. This growth was justified as necessary to defend the state from external intervention and the established order from internal subversion, goals which were seen as complementary.

  19. Achieving joint benefits from joint implementation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moomaw, W.R. [Tufts Univ., Medford, MA (United States)

    1995-11-01

    Joint Implementation (JI) appears to have been born with Applied Energy Services Guatemala project in 1988. That project, to plant 52 million trees, protect existing forests from cutting and fire, and enhance rural development, is being implemented by CARE Guatemala to offset 120 per cent of the emissions of a small coal burning power plant that has been built in Connecticut. Since that time, several utilities and governments have initiated additional projects. Not all of these necessarily consist of tree planting in other countries, but may consist of energy efficiency or energy conservation programs designed to reduce carbon emissions by at least as much as the additional releases from a new facility. All JI projects share the characteristic of linking the release of greenhouse gases in an industrial country with an offset that reduces or absorbs a comparable amount in another country. The emitter in the industrial country is willing to pay for the reduction elsewhere because costs are less than they would be at home.

  20. (Monitoring and evaluation of the Central American Rural Electrification Program)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garcia, A. III (Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (USA))

    1990-03-20

    CARES has been successful in leveraging its effort with similar programs in other countries. NRECA has done an exceptional job of coordinating the related activities of other AID contracts. The informal lines of communication appear to work well with a relaxed and productive environment evident. ROCAP has expressed confidence in the ability of NRECA to carry out the Workplan successfully. Recent initiatives by Mr. Funes in the area of indicators are seen by the review team as a positive and mutual step to articulate specific goals and accomplishments. Communication and coordination among the ROCAP staff and the local AID Mission appears to have improved since last mentioned in the Engineering Standards Review. This is especially true in Guatemala and Costa Rica. Better reporting procedures would facilitate NRECA-ROCAP-AID Mission communication. Impressive progress has been made in the way local officials approach rural electrification. This is very evident in the areas of engineering design and the productive uses campaign. The Planning and Engineering sections of INDE and CEL rapidly adopted the new mechanical strength based standards as reasonable design solutions. Similarly, productive uses has received much greater attention by all of the various divisions of the utilities in El Salvador, Guatemala and Costa Rica. This was not the case previous to the CARES Project. The final report specifically addresses several areas that should be de-emphasized or given more attention. 26 refs.

  1. Natural history and karyology of the Yucatán vesper mouse, Otonyctomys hatti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Genoways, Hugh H.; Timm, Robert M.; Engstrom, Mark D.

    2005-01-01

    Seventeen specimens of the rare Yucatán vesper mouse, Otonyctomys hatti, are now known from Belize, Guatemala, and the Mexican states of Campeche, Quintana Roo, and Yucatán. We herein report a second specimen of O. hatti, from Belize, extending the known geographic range of the species 95 km to the southeast in the country. This is the first location at which O. hatti has been taken sympatrically with the Central American vesper mouse, Nyctomys sumichrasti. We also report data on three additional specimens of O. hatti from Campeche. Nyctomys and Otonyctomys share similar habits and habitat requirements, and might compete where they overlap. However, the distribution of O. hatti corresponds closely to that of other Yucatán endemics, and the distinct distributions of the two genera probably reflects biogeographic history and different habitat requirements, rather than result from direct competition. The karyotype of O. hatti is 2n = 50, FN = 58. Although superficially similar, it differs in important respects with the karyotypes reported for N. sumichrasti....Resumen--Diescisiete especímenes del ratón Otonyctomys hatti, especie rara de Yucatán, son ahora conocidos de Belice, Guatemala y los Estados de Campeche, Quintana Roo y Yucatán. Aquí, informamos de un segundo especímen de O. hatti de Belice...

  2. Monitoring temporal opacity fluctuations of large structures with muon tomography : a calibration experiment using a water tower tank

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kevin Jourde; Dominique Gibert; Jacques Marteau; Jean de Bremond d'Ars; Serge Gardien; Claude Girerd; Jean-Christophe Ianigro

    2015-04-09

    The idea of using secondary cosmic muons to scan the internal structure of a given body has known significant developments since the first archaeological application by Alvarez and collaborators on the Gizah pyramids. Recent applications cover the fields of volcanology, hydrology, civil engineering, mining, archaeology etc. Muon radiography features are essentially identical to those of medical X-ray imaging techniques. It is a contrast densitometry method using the screening effect of the body under study on the natural flux of cosmic muons. This technique is non-invasive and complements the standard geophysical techniques, e.g. electrical tomography or gravimetry. It may be applied to a large variety of geological targets, among which the domes of active volcanoes. In this context muon tomography presents the noticeable advantage to perform measurements of large volumes, with a large aperture, from a distant point, far from the potentially dangerous zones. The same conclusions apply regarding the monitoring of the volcano's activity since muon tomography provides continuous data taking, provided the muon detectors are sufficiently well designed and autonomous. Recent measurements on La Soufri\\`ere of Guadeloupe (Lesser Antilles, France) show, over a one year period, large modulations of the crossing muon flux, correlated with an increase of the activity in the dome. In order to firmly establish the sensitivity of the method and of our detectors and to disentangle the effects on the muon flux modulations induced by the volcano's hydrothermal system from those induced by other sources, e.g. atmospheric temperature and pressure, we perform a dedicated calibration experiment inside a water tower tank. We show how the method is fully capable of dynamically following fast variations in the density.

  3. The energy situation in five Central American countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trocki, L.; Booth, S.R.; Umana Q, A.

    1987-06-01

    This study describes the energy resources and the changes that have taken place in energy supply and demand in five Central American countries between 1970 and 1984. Economic changes are also reviewed because they influence and are affected by changes in the energy sector. The work was performed under the auspices of the US Agency for International Development. The Central American countries of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Panama are highly dependent on fuel wood as a source of energy, particularly in the residential sector. They also rely upon imported oil products to supply a growing modern sector. Most countries have significant hydroelectric and geothermal resources, and most countries produce a large portion of their electricity from hydroelectric projects. Demand for electricity has grown rapidly. Relative shares of primary versus secondary energy in the five countries vary significantly and strongly correlate with average per capita income. Consumption of secondary energy has declined during the recent economic recession suffered by the region.

  4. Astroparticles in Latin America: current status and outlook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sidelnik, Iván

    2014-01-01

    The successful installation and operation of the Pierre Auger Observatory in Argentina has been a milestone in Astroparticle research in Latin America, generating new regional research opportunities in the field. In this context, the LAGO project, begun in 2005 with the aim of studying the high-energy component of gamma ray bursts (GRBs). This observatory consists of different arrays of water-Cherenkov detectors installed in high altitude mountains throughout Latin America. Recently, it has demonstrated the feasibility of conducting studies on the solar modulation of the galactic cosmic ray flux. Currently more than 80 scientists and students from Mexico, Guatemala, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Argentina are integrated into the LAGO Collaboration. The high level of regional integration in the scientific community reached thanks to this kind of major projects, has led to the recent formation of the CLES (Consorcio Latinoamericano de Experimentos Subterr\\'{a}neos). This organization promotes ...

  5. Characterization of Mesoamerican jade

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bishop, R.L.; Sayre, E.V.; van Zelst, L.

    1983-11-23

    Jadeite occurring in the Motague River Valley of Guatemala has been characterized by neutron activation analysis and forms two district, phase-related groups. Comparison of the compositional profiles of Mayan jadeite artifacts reveals many specimens having profiles matching those of the Montagua source. Of particular interest are the large number of jadeite artifacts which show internal similarity yet have compositional patterns which are significantly different from the Montagua samples and Montagua-related artifacts. A few of the analyzed Costa Rican artifacts show patterns similar to those of the Motagua yet the vast majority fall within one of the two Costa Rican compositional groups. When considering the non-Motagua related Mayan artifacts, the analytical approach appears to be sufficiently sensitive so as to distinguish differences between the Chrome-green and Chichen-green material. Even two Honduran site specific groups of albite - cultural jade - form distinct groups.

  6. San Jose Accord: energy aid or petroleum-marketing strategy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-09-30

    The San Jose Accord was signed in San Jose, Costa Rica on August 3, 1980 by the Presidents of Venezuela and Mexico, whereby the two countries mutually committed to supply the net imported domestic oil consumption of several Central American and Caribbean countries. Countries initially participating in the program are: Barbados, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Nicaragua, and Panama. Seven eastern Caribbean countries were to meet on October 7 to petition for inclusion in the Accord, namely: Antigua, St. Kitt/Nevis, Montserrat, Dominica, St. Lucia, St. Vincent, and Grenada. The official language of the Accord is presented, and the operative status of the Accord two years after signing is discussed. Specific briefs about some of the individual countries in the Accord are included. The fuel price/tax series for the Western Hemisphere countries is updated.

  7. International energy outlook. Volume 3. North and South America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-01-01

    Petroleum, coal, and hydropower resources are found, in varying degrees, throughout the Americas. Struggling to maintain or achieve energy self-sufficiency, many North and South American countries are undertaking major projects to develop these, and other, energy sources. This volume, Volume 3 is a compilation of official US government intelligence reports examining the development projects and energy trends in 12 countries of North and South America: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Guatemala, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, the United States and Venezuela. The range and detail of country coverage varies, due to availability of reports. Although the book details current energy situations and provides some historical background, its main emphasis is on estimates of future consumption and production, and descriptions of energy programs and plans. Plans in the Americas call for exploiting oil and gas where possible, and making major efforts to develop sources such as coal and hydropower that can be alternatives to imported petroleum. 33 references, 1 figure, 73 tables.

  8. Field tests of carbon monitoring methods in forestry projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1999-07-01

    In response to the emerging scientific consensus on the facts of global climate change, the international Joint Implementation (JI) program provided a pilot phase in which utilities and other industries could finance, among other activities, international efforts to sequester carbon dioxide, a major greenhouse gas. To make JI and its successor mechanisms workable, however, cost-effective methods are needed for monitoring progress in the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. The papers in this volume describe field test experiences with methods for measuring carbon storage by three types of land use: natural forest, plantation forest, and agroforestry. Each test, in a slightly different land-use situation, contributes to the knowledge of carbon-monitoring methods as experienced in the field. The field tests of the agroforestry guidelines in Guatemala and the Philippines, for example, suggested adaptations in terms of plot size and method of delineating the total area for sampling.

  9. Oil and gas developments in South America, Central America, Caribbean area, and Mexico in 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wiman, W.D.

    1987-10-01

    Exploration activity in South America, Central America, the Caribbean area, and Mexico in 1986 was considerably reduced compared to 1985. Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guatemala, and Venezuela had increased oil production, with Colombia showing a dramatic 71% increase attributed mainly to bringing on-stream the pipeline connecting Occidental-Shell-Ecopetrol's Cano Limon complex to the port of Covenas. Significant discoveries were reported from Argentina in the Olmedo, Oran, and San Jorge basins; Brazil in the offshore Campos and Amazon basins; Colombia in the Llanos basin; Ecuador in the Oriente basin; Mexico in the Bay of Campeche; Peru in the Ucayali basin; and Venezuela in the Eastern Venezuela basin. Eastern Venezuela's Furrial discovery is reported to have recoverable reserves of more than 1 million bbl of oil, and Shell's Ucayali basin discovery is reported to hold more than 7 tcf of gas. 7 figures, 10 tables.

  10. Monitoring biomass burning and aerosol loading and transport from a geostationary satellite perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prins, E.M.; Menzel, W.P.

    1996-12-31

    The topic of this paper is the use of geostationary operational environmental satellites (GOES) to monitor trends in biomass burning and aerosol production and transport in South America and through the Western Hemisphere. The GOES Automated Biomass Burning Algorithm (ABBA) was developed to provide diurnal information concerning fires in South America; applications demonstrating the ability to document long-term trends in fire activity are described. Analyses of imagery collected by GOES-8 is described; six biomass burning seasons in South America revealed many examples of large-scale smoke transport extending over several million square kilometers. Four major transport regimes were identified. Case studies throughout South America, Canada, the United States, Mexico, Belize, and Guatemala have successfully demonstrated the improved capability of GOES-8 for fire and smoke monitoring in various ecosystems. Global geostationary fire monitoring will be possible with the launch of new satellites. 12 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

  11. Oil and gas developments in South America, Central America, Caribbean Area, and Mexico in 1982

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deal, C.S.

    1983-10-01

    Petroleum developments in the region in 1982 had a more varied pattern than in 1981 when all aspects were upbeat with varying degrees of increases. In 1982, Brazil, Mexico, and Guatemala had striking increases in oil production; Bolivia, Chile, and Colombia had moderate increases; and Argentina, Trinidad, and Venezuela reported declines. In exploration, Argentina reported several additional offshore Tierra del Fuego discoveries in the Cretaceous Springhill and 2 more encouraging gas discoveries in the Noroeste basin. Bolivia reported an oil discovery from Silurian rocks more generally considered a gas objective. Brazil extended and confirmed the Western Amazonas gas area with 2 discoveries. Colombia added 2 more spectacular oil discoveries in the Llanos basin to follow up 2 similar finds in 1981. Several countries reported that discoveries have increased the national reserves of hydrocarbons. Considering the social, political, and economic problems in several countries, along with the worldwide depression and petroleum surplus, developments in the region have been on the whole favorable.

  12. Ash plume properties retrieved from infrared images: a forward and inverse modeling approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerminara, Matteo; Valade, Sébastien; Harris, Andrew J L

    2014-01-01

    We present a coupled fluid-dynamic and electromagnetic model for volcanic ash plumes. In a forward approach, the model is able to simulate the plume dynamics from prescribed input flow conditions and generate the corresponding synthetic thermal infrared (TIR) image, allowing a comparison with field-based observations. An inversion procedure is then developed to retrieve ash plume properties from TIR images. The adopted fluid-dynamic model is based on a one-dimensional, stationary description of a self-similar (top-hat) turbulent plume, for which an asymptotic analytical solution is obtained. The electromagnetic emission/absorption model is based on the Schwarzschild's equation and on Mie's theory for disperse particles, assuming that particles are coarser than the radiation wavelength and neglecting scattering. [...] Application of the inversion procedure to an ash plume at Santiaguito volcano (Guatemala) has allowed us to retrieve the main plume input parameters, namely the initial radius $b_0$, velocity $U_...

  13. Some effects of the emissions of explosive volcanoes on the stratosphere

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cadle, R.D.

    1980-08-20

    A previously published 2-D numerical model of the global dispersion of an eruption cloud in the stratosphere as a function of time assumed an instantaneous injection of the eruption cloud (the source function). New calculations show that the dispersion rate is quite insensitive to the manner of introducing the source function into the model, including spreading the eruption time over 10 days. Results obtained by flying through the eruption clouds from explosive volcanoes in Guatemala indicated that most of the sulfur in such clouds is SO/sub 2/. If, as is generally believed, SO/sub 2/ reacts with OH in the stratosphere, leading to the production of H/sub 2/SO/sub 4/ droplets, high explosive eruptions can deplete the stratosphere of OH for long time periods. The OH is thus controlled by the rate of O(/sup 1/D) formation from ozone. By using the results from the 2-D dispersion model referred to above applied to the eruption cloud from the 1953 Agung eruption, and chemical kinetic rate constants, the 'e folding' residence time for sulfur dioxide conversion to sulfuric acid was estimated to be about 300 days. The Guatemala studies showed that the eruption clouds from explosive volcanoes contain large amounts of HCl. Unless much of this HCl is removed by rain accompanying the eruption, this HCl might be expected to have a marked influence on stratospheric chemistry as a result of the reaction OH+HCl..-->..H/sub 2/O+Cl. The volcanic HCl will probably remove OH much less rapidly than will SO/sub 2/, and if the OH concentration is greatly decreased by the SO/sub 2/, the above reaction may be too slow to be important.

  14. Petroleum geology of northern central America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bishop, W.F.

    1980-07-01

    Major reserves of oil exist in the Reforma area of Tabasco and Chiapas states and the Campeche Shelf of SE Mexico in high-energy, bank-edge, reef-derived or reef-associated carbonate rocks, ranging in age from Late Jurassic to earliest Late Cretaceous. It is the conclusion of this study that the Reforma reservoir facies does not extend into West Guatemala. However, there the potential for major reserves in bank and lagoonal carbonates of similar age is considered excellent. A variety of structures, mostly resulting from salt tectonics, is present. Known reservoir rocks include fractured carbonates with secondary porosity resulting from solution and dolomitization, and limestones with primary intergranular porosity. An indigenous source is likely for the large quantities of oil which have been tested at Rubelsanto. Seals in the form of thick intervals of Cretaceous anhydrite and, in places, of Tertiary fine-grained clastics, are abundant. The area E of Rubelsanto may have considered merit, particularly if detailed structural analysis indicates that similar salt-tectonic features are present. The less deeply-buried areas of Cretaceous carbonates are not highly regarded because: (1) salt is absent; (2) temperatures sufficient for maturation of hydrocarbons may be lacking; and (3) a considerable number of dry holes with no significant shows have been drilled. North Guatemala is somewhat attractive, because the proper combination of unmetamorphosed Paleozoic organic shale on basement highs, well-developed Todos Santos sandstone reservoirs, and the overlying thick evaporite seal could trap sizable hydrocarbon accumulations. However, as degree of metamorphism decreases, presumably basinward, distance from source terrain for detritus increases and reservoirs may be inadequate. 13 figures, 1 table.

  15. Steady-state diagenetic model for dissolved carbonate species and pH in the pore waters of oxic and suboxic sediments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boudreau, B.P.

    1987-07-01

    An open-system diagenetic (transport) model is presented which accounts for the concurrent behavior of all the dissolved carbonate species as well as hydrogen and hydroxyl ions in the pore waters of marine sediments during the oxic and suboxic decay of organic-matter. The model includes interconversion between the dissolved carbonate species due to associationdissociation reactions as well as production by organic decay and CaCO/sub 3/ dissolution. The existence of rapid associationdissociation reactions has important consequences. First, the transport of a dissolved carbonate species is facilitated, because it can react and diffuse as another carbonate species. This action modifies the concentration profiles which would be expected without interconversion. As a consequence, the rate of CaCO/sub 3/ dissolution is increased because it is more difficult for CO/sub 3//sup =/ to reach and maintain the saturation concentration. Finally, CO/sub 2/(aq) and HCO/sub 3//sup -/ produced by decay affect the concentration of CO/sub 3//sup =/ and, therefore, the saturation state of pore waters with respect to carbonate minerals. The model is applied to the carbonate alkalinity and pH data from the Guatemala Basin and MANOP Site C. The model reproduces the sharp near-surface minimum in pH, observed at the Guatemala Basin sites; however, the carbonate alkalinity increase is underpredicted. This model result implies that there is an additional source of HCO/sub 3//sup -/ that is not presently recognized, probably in the form of sulfate reduction at depth.

  16. Relativistic collapse and explosion of rotating supermassive stars with thermonuclear effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedro J. Montero; Hans-Thomas Janka; Ewald Mueller

    2012-02-01

    We present results of general relativistic simulations of collapsing supermassive stars with and without rotation using the two-dimensional general relativistic numerical code Nada, which solves the Einstein equations written in the BSSN formalism and the general relativistic hydrodynamics equations with high resolution shock capturing schemes. These numerical simulations use an equation of state which includes effects of gas pressure, and in a tabulated form those associated with radiation and the electron-positron pairs. We also take into account the effect of thermonuclear energy released by hydrogen and helium burning. We find that objects with a mass of 5x10^{5} solar mass and an initial metallicity greater than Z_{CNO}~0.007 do explode if non-rotating, while the threshold metallicity for an explosion is reduced to Z_{CNO}~0.001 for objects uniformly rotating. The critical initial metallicity for a thermonuclear explosion increases for stars with mass ~10^{6} solar mass. For those stars that do not explode we follow the evolution beyond the phase of black hole formation. We compute the neutrino energy loss rates due to several processes that may be relevant during the gravitational collapse of these objects. The peak luminosities of neutrinos and antineutrinos of all flavors for models collapsing to a BH are ~10^{55} erg/s. The total radiated energy in neutrinos varies between ~10^{56} ergs for models collapsing to a BH, and ~10^{45}-10^{46} ergs for models exploding.

  17. Lacunarity as a texture measure for a tropical forest landscape

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Su, Haiping; Krummel, J.

    1996-01-01

    Fragmentation and loss of tropical forest cover alters terrestrial plant and animal population dynamics, reduces biodiversity and carbon storage capacity, and, as a global phenomenon could affect regional and global climate patterns. Lacunarity as a texture measure can offer a simple solution to characterize the texture of tropical forest landscape and determine spatial patterns associated with ecological processes. Lacunarity quantifies the deviation from translational invariance by describing the distribution of gaps within a binary image at multiple scales. As lacunarity increases, the spatial arrangement of tropical forest gaps will also increase. In this study, we used the Spatial Modeler in Imagine as a graphic programming tool to calculate lacunarity indices for a tropical forest landscape in Southern Mexico and Northern Guatemala. Lacunarity indices were derived from classified Landsat MSS images acquired in 1974 and 1984. Random-generated binary images were also used to derive lacunarity indices and compared with the lacunarity of forest patterns derived from the classified MSS images. Tropical forest area declined about 17%, with most of the forest areas converted into pasture/grassland for grazing. During this period, lacunarity increased about 25%. Results of this study suggest that tropical forest fragmentation could be quantified with lacunarity measures. The study also demonstrated that the Spatial Modeler can be useful as a programming tool to quantify spatial patterns of tropical forest landscape by using remotely sensed data.

  18. International projects - labor, risks, and results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Andreas, D.E.

    1996-12-31

    The attention of developers in the power industry has shifted to foreign markets. The trend has caused significant additional risks to be assumed by the developer. One of these risks is the cost and availability of local skilled labor to construct projects. Especially projects built on a fast track schedule. To mitigate this risk, many developers and contractors bring in ex-patriot labor - often at a much higher cost. This paper addresses the Centro de Energia Escuintla, a 40 MW diesel power plant completed this year in Guatemala. Local labor pools provided the majority of the labor used to build the plant. Guatemalans were hired and trained to perform operations and maintenance duties. The plant was built to international standards, and produced power on time. The techniques used to manage the project construction and startup are discussed. The key conclusion is that it is possible to build plants with local labor, as long as the appropriate supervision is brought in, that language barriers can be overcome, that construction equipment is made available, and that time for training is allocated.

  19. Severity of iron deficiency anemia and its relationship to growth and morbidity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guarda, N.; Pollitt, E.; Viteri, F.

    1986-03-01

    The relationships between severity of iron deficiency anemia, response to iron treatment, respiratory and gastrointestinal illness and weight changes were assessed before (T1) and after (T2) iron therapy. Seventy-five pre-school children from rural Guatemala received daily oral iron (ferrous sulfate 5 mg/kg/day) for eleven weeks, and were classified into one of three groups: (1) severe iron deficient (Hgb < 9.25 g/dl at T1 and > 1g/dl Hgb response (T2-T1) to Fe Rx; (2) moderately iron deficient (Hgb 9.25 g/dl to 11.5 g/dl and T2-T1 > 1g/dl); (3) normal controls (Hgb > 11.5 g/dl and T2-T1 < 1g/dl). When both severely and moderately anemic children were pooled together, there was a statistical significant difference between the number of days ill with gastrointestinal symptoms of these children and those in the control group. Children with T1 Hgb > 11.5 had more days ill than those classified as severely or moderately anemic. There was no other statistically significant associations between initial Hgb levels and morbidity. On the other hand, there was a statistically significant negative correlation between delta (T2-T1) Hgb and number of days ill with gastrointestinal symptoms. All other covariates accounted for the percentage of days ill from gastrointestinal sorbidity, decreased approximately 1% for each 1% increase in delta Hgb.

  20. A limited assessment and characterization of the solar radiation energy resources in the Caribbean region

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hulstrom, R.L.

    1988-02-01

    The objective of our work was to produce a preliminary assessment and characterization of the Caribbean region (Barbados, Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Jamaica, and Panama) solar radiation energy resources. Such information will be used to estimate the performance of, and identify the most promising applications of, solar heat technologies in the Caribbean region. We expect the solar radiation resources in the Caribbean region to be very location specific. Sunny areas will have an annual direct-beam resource of about 3,000 kWhm/sup /minus 2// and a global solar radiation resource of about 2,500 kWhm/sup /minus 2//. Cloud-covered areas will have annual solar radiation resources of about 1,500 kWhm/sup /minus 2/ for both the direct-beam and the global solar radiation. Monthly levels of solar radiaion will vary markedly, ranging from an average of 9 to 3 kWhm/sup /minus 2//day/sup /minus 1// for the direct-beam and from an average of 7 to 4 kWhm/sup /minus 2//day/sup /minus 1// for the global solar radiation. The Caribbean region is comparable to the Great Plains region of the US, in terms of annual solar radiation resources; however, thorough ''prospecting'' is required to avoid areas having very low amounts of solar radiation.

  1. Third special price report. [Latin American countries, USA, and Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-06-06

    Energy Detente's latest international price survey at midyear 1982 showed the average price of premium gasoline had fallen US $0.27 in the 11-month period since their first special report in July 1981. The biggest price drop occurred in Costa Rica, where prices in local currency increased slightly but in US dollars declined US $1.91 - due to the fall of the Colon against the US dollar. The case of Costa Rica exemplifies how the rise of the US dollar influenced the survey findings. Generally, the price drops showed that in several countries fuel prices haven't kept up with inflation and this shows up when prices are expressed in dollars. However, analysis of US prices, and prices in Guatemala where currency is at par with the dollar, shows prices fell (modestly) there too. Prices in Mexico and Venezuela doubled. Ecuador listed the lowest prices in the survey. Also included in this issue are brief energy notes from Mexico and other Latin American countries.

  2. Central America and the Caribbean: No place for the unwary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goodwin, L.M.

    1994-11-15

    Central America and the Caribbean have not enjoyed the same high profile as more prominent independent power markets like India and China. Indeed, only one country in the region appeared in a recent survey of the 20 most promising markets: Panama, with a projected demand for 2,040 megawatts (MW) of new capacity, was ranked twentieth. Nevertheless, taken as a whole, Central America and the Caribbean offer significant opportunities for new development. Projected incremental capacity needs in some of the larger markets in the region include: Costa Rica (700-1,000 MW), Dominican Republic (1,100 MW), Guatemala (450 MW), Honduras (225 MW), Jamaica (729 MW), Panama (2,040 MW), and Trinidad & Tobago (200 MW). These markets represent an aggregate potential demand of 5,750 MW - more than the projected demand in Colombia, one of South America`s most active markets. Yet although its need for capacity is significant, the region presents developers with unique challenges because it comprises so many relatively small countries, each with its own special needs and characteristics.

  3. (Engineering standards in the CARES (Central American Rural Electrification Support) project)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garcia, A. III.

    1989-10-27

    Given the short time that the staff has been in place the overall progress has been exceptional. No doubt the professionalism and high level of technical competence of the staff are some of the primary reasons. Documentation of the projects is adequate to reconstruct events and information that result in key decisions. The current Annual Workplan, however, is cumbersome due to its organization and excess of redundant reporting. It needs to be re-organized based on the original goals of the Phase I Study and not the 35 components. The progress to date has been impressive. The NRECS Staff has made a significant impact on policy and engineering decisions in Belize, Guatemala and El Salvador, all with some proven cost savings. The demonstration projects and alternative designs have resulted in a high degree of credibility for the NRECA Staff. The proposed new engineering standards have gained acceptance in all of the countries as experience grows. They are well planned and carefully thought out. Professional training will be needed in the coming years to overcome the natural momentum of the status quo.

  4. Gas hydrates at two sites of an active continental margin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kvenvolden, K.A.

    1985-03-01

    Sediment containing gas hydrates from two distant Deep Sea Drilling Project sites (565 and 568), located about 670 km apart or the landward flank of the Middle America Trench, was studied to determine the geochemical conditions that characterize the occurrence of gas hydrates. Site 565 was located in the Pacific Ocean offshore the Nicoya Peninsula of Costa Rica in 3,111 m of water. The depth of the hole at this site was 328 m, and gas hydrates were recovered from 285 and 319 m. Site 568 was located about 670 km to the northwest offshore Guatemala in 2,031 m of water. At this site the hole penetrated to 418 m, and gas hydrates were encountered at 404 m. Both sites are characterized by rates of sedimentation exceeding about 30 m/m.y. and organic carbon contents exceeding about 0.5%. The magnitudes and trends of gas compositions, residual gas concentrations and chlorinity variations are generally similar at both sites. The carbon isotopic compositions are significantly heavier at Site 568 than at Site 565. The isotopic compositions and trends at Site 565 are typical of biogenic methane generation. At Site 568, the isotopic compositions are very heavy. In spite of its heavy carbon isotopic composition, this methane is believed to have a biogenic source.

  5. Oil and gas developments in South America, Central America, Caribbean area, and Mexico in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wiman, W.D.

    1988-10-01

    Exploration activity in South America, Central America, the Caribbean area, and Mexico in 1987 showed significant increases in seismic acquisition in Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Mexico, Paraguay, and Peru, and a decrease in Chile and Venezuela. Exploratory drilling increased in most major producing countries but was accompanied by a decline in development drilling. Most of the increase could be attributed to private companies fulfilling obligations under risk contracts; however, state oil companies in Bolivia, Chile, and Colombia showed significant increased activity, with only Mexico showing a decrease. Colombia again had a dramatic increase in production (29% from 1986). Noteworthy discoveries were made in Bolivia (Villamontes-1); Brazil, in the Solimoes basin (1-RUC-1-AM); Chile (Rio Honda-1); Colombia, in the Llanos basin (Austral-1, La Reforma-1, Libertad Norte-1, Cravo Este-1, and Cano Yarumal-1), in the Upper Magdalena basin (Toldado-1 and Los Mangos-1); Ecuador (Frontera-1, a joint-exploration venture with Colombia); Mexico, in the Chiapas-Tabasco region (Guacho-1 and Iridi-1), in the Frontera Norte area (Huatempo-1); Peru, in the Madre de Dios basin (Armihuari-4X); Trinidad (West East Queen's Beach-1); and Venezuela (Musipan-1X). Brazil's upper Amazon (Solimoes basin) discovery, Colombia's Upper Magdalena basin discoveries Toldado-1 and Los Mangos-1, Mexico's Chiapas-Tabasco discoveries, Peru's confirmation of the giant Cashiriari discovery of 1986, and Venezuela's success in Monagas state were the highlights of 1987. 5 figs., 8 tabs.

  6. (Findings of the Costa Rica power sector efficiency study)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Waddle, D.B.

    1990-10-08

    To present findings of the Costa Rica Power Sector Efficiency Study to the Instituto Costarricense de Electridad, and to the Ministry of Energy, Natural Resources and Mining. To discuss the progress and plans for the Central American Rural Electrification Project with US Agency for International Development (USAID)/Regional Office Central American Program (ROCAP). I traveled to San Jose, Costa Rica to present the findings of the Costa Rica Power Sector Efficiency Study to our counterparts in the utility and the Ministry of Energy. Discussions were held with line level managers at Instituto Costarricensede Electricidad (ICE) and Ministry of Energy Mines and Natural Resources (MIRENEM), as well as a plan of action set for the final stage of the project. Discussions were held for a one day period with both the bilateral Agency for International Development (AID) and the regional AID mission regarding the need for a similar study in Guatemala and matters directly pertaining to the Central American Rural Electrification Study (CARES) project.

  7. Oil and gas developments in South America, Central America, Carribbean area, and Mexico in 1981

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deal, C.S.

    1982-11-01

    Petroleum developments in 1981 continued in the pattern of recent years of increasing exploration and exploitation in response to the second catastrophic surge in crude oil prices thrust on the world economy in 1979. Production of crude oil increased in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Guatemala, and Mexico, whereas Venezuela, Trinidad, Peru, and Bolivia experienced declines. Exploratory surveys, exploratory drilling, and development drilling all increased in most of the countries reporting. Significant successful exploratory drilling is reported for several countries. In Argentina, the producing zone of the Austral basin has been extended farther offshore, and is reportedly productive in what is apparently the upper Malvinas basin. In Brazil, extensions to several producing areas are reported in the Campos basin. Also, the Jurua gas province of western Amazonas reportedly had an encouraging extension. Colombia had several discoveries in the Magdalena basins, but the 2 Llanos discoveries are considered much more significant. For a variety of reasons, several countries have undertaken or are undertaking changes in laws and regulations to attract foreign companies into exploration risk ventures. In some countries, exploitation ventures are also offered.

  8. Isotopic studies of rare gases in terrestrial samples and natural nucleosynthesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-07-01

    This project is concerned with research in rare gas mass spectrometry. We read the natural record that isotopes of the rare gases provide. We study fluids using a system (RARGA) that is sometimes deployed in the field. In 1990 there was a strong effort to reduce the backlog of RARGA samples on hand, so that it was a year of intensive data gathering. Samples from five different areas in the western United States and samples from Guatemala and Australia were analyzed. In a collaborative study we also began analyzing noble gases from rocks associated with the fluids. An important objective, continuing in 1991, is to understand better the reasons for somewhat elevated {sup 3}He/{sup 4}He ratios in regions where there is no contemporary volcanism which could produce the effect by addition of mantle helium. Our helium data have given us and our collaborators some insights, which are to be followed up, into gold mineralization in geothermal regions. Our DOE work in calibrating a sensitive laser microprobe mass spectrometer for noble gases in fluid inclusions continues. Having completed a series of papers on noble gases in diamonds, we next will attempt to make precise isotopic measurements on xenon from mantle sources, in search of evidence for terrestrially elusive {sup 244}Pu decay.

  9. The past and future of greenhouse gas offset projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trexler, M.C.; Kosloff, L.H. [Trexler and Associates, Inc., Portland, OR (United States)

    1997-12-31

    Researchers now have almost 10 years of experience with on-the-ground carbon offset projects for climate change mitigation purposes. The field is evolving from one driven primarily by public and governmental relations, to one driven by companies` perceived need to adapt to anticipated national and international regulation of greenhouse gas emissions. Offset project participants are seeking to identify offset opportunities, come up the regulatory and technical learning curves, and identify new market opportunities. Offset projects being implemented today can be evaluated through several lenses including offset performance and benefit quantification, cost-effectiveness, and political and environmental acceptability. Careful evaluation of existing offset experience is important in order to guide national and international policy development. This paper will review the history and trends of offset project development, use existing experience to identify advantages and disadvantages associated with different offsets, and identify lessons that can guide future project development. The lead author carried out the CO{sub 2} benefit analysis for the first offset project (AES Corp.`s CARE Guatemala reforestation project), and has developed and evaluated dozens of domestic and international offset projects and proposals. The authors` company is currently implementing more than a half-dozen offset projects and they are intimately involved in ongoing technical and policy development of the field.

  10. Feasibility studies of a power interconnection system for Central American countries: SIEPAC project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gomez, T.; Enamorado, J.C. (Univ. Pontificia Comillas, Madrid (Spain). Inst. de Investigacion Tecnologica); Vela, A. (Empresa Nacional de Electricidad, Madrid (Spain))

    1994-06-01

    The electrical systems of the Central American countries are linked by 230 kV ac weak border interconnections forming two separated subsystems. The first one includes Guatemala and El Salvador, and the other one comprises the systems of Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama. As a consequence, unrestricted energy exchanges among all countries are not possible. This article describes the SIEPAC project which consists of a 1,678 km long 500 kV ac power transmission line that would link the six electrical systems of the region through seven power substations (one for each country and two in Panama), installed close to the highest demand national centers and six control centers of energy (one for each country) to allow coordinated operation of the interconnection.This project also considers a set of complementary assets (230 ac power transmission lines into some countries and the border transmission line between El Salvador and Honduras, and various other equipment). The power transmission line will greatly reinforce the actual border interconnections, which have a reduced capacity of exchange and technical problems associated with the stability of a weak longitudinal system. On the other hand, economic savings for the region would be achieved, coming from a higher coordination level in the operation and planning of their systems.

  11. Hydrate characterization research overview

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Malone, R.D.

    1993-06-01

    Gas hydrate research has been focused primarily on the development of a basic understanding of hydrate formation and dissociation in the laboratory, as well as in the field. Laboratory research on gas hydrates characterized the physical system, which focused on creating methane hydrates samples, tetrahydrofuran (THF) hydrate samples, consolidated rock samples, frost base mixtures, water/ice-base mixtures, and water-base mixtures. Laboratory work produced measurements of sonic velocity and electrical resistivity of hydrates. As work progressed, areas, such as the Gulf of Mexico and the Guatemala Trench, where gas hydrates are likely to occur were identified, and specific high potential areas were targeted for detailed investigation. The testing of samples and recovered cores from such areas provided information for detection of hydrate formations in the natural environment. Natural gas hydrate samples have been tested for thermal properties, dissociation properties, fracture mechanics, and optical properties. Acoustical properties were investigated both in the laboratory and, as possible, in the field. Sonic velocity and electrical resistivity measurements will continue to be obtained. These activities have been undertaken in hydrate deposits on Alaska`s North Slope, the Gulf of Mexico and the US East coast offshore, as well as other gas hydrate target areas.

  12. Spent sealed radium sources conditioning in Latin America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mourao, R.P. [Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais (Brazil)] [Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais (Brazil)

    1999-06-01

    The management of spent sealed sources is considered by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) one of the greatest challenges faced by nuclear authorities today, especially in developing countries. One of the Agency`s initiatives to tackle this problem is the Spent Radium Sources Conditioning Project, a worldwide project relying on the regional co-operation between countries. A team from the Brazilian nuclear research institute Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN) was chosen as the expert team to carry out the operations in Latin America; since December 1996 radium sources have been safely conditioned in Uruguay, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Ecuador and Paraguay. A Quality Assurance Program was established, encompassing the qualification of the capsule welding process, written operational procedures referring to all major steps of the operation, calibration of monitors and information retrievability. A 200L carbon steel drum-based packaging concept was used to condition the sources, its cavity being designed to receive the lead shield device containing stainless steel capsules with the radium sources. As a result of these operations, a total amount of 2,897 mg of needles, tubes, medical applicators, standard sources for calibration, lightning rods, secondary wastes and contaminated objects were stored in proper conditions and are now under control of the nuclear authorities of the visited countries.

  13. Tidal constituent database. West Coast of the United States and Eastern North pacific ocean. Technical note

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-01-01

    This technical note describes a database of tidal elevation boundary condition information generated in support of the `Long-Term Fate of Dredged Material Disposed in Open Water` research of the Dredging Research Program (DRP), being conducted at the U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station. The database, described in detail by Hench and others (1994), allows the user to manually generate time series of tidal elevations or to use a program to access the full database to generate time series of both tidal elevations and currents for any location along the West Coast of the United States and Eastern North Pacific Ocean, extending from Seal Cape on Unimak Island, Alaska, in the North to Punta Parada, Peru, in the South. The land boundary includes the Pacific shorelines of Alaska, Canada, mainland United States, Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Columbia, and Northern Peru. Although the capability to generate these time series was developed to provide input to the Long-Term Fate and Stability Model (LTFATE), the generated time series can be used for any application requiring tidal forcing data.

  14. Oil discoveries and basin resource prediction in Latin America: Past, present, and future

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kronman, G.E.; Aleman, A.M.; Rushworth, S.W. (Amoco Production Company, Houston, TX (United States))

    1993-02-01

    Over 350 oil discoveries were made in Latin America during the 1980s. About 12% are estimated to contain reserves greater than 100 MMBO. Several of the larger finds (>500 MMBO), such as Cusiana (Colombia), Furrial/Musipan (Venezuela), Cano Lima (Colombia) and Marlim (Brazil) represent an important part of the giant field found worldwide since 1980. Most of the larger discoveries were made by national oil companies in Venezuela, Mexico and Brazil. Undiscovered oil resources of 40-80 BBO are estimated to remain in the highest potential Latin American basins, including those in Mexico, based on historical field size data and current geological knowledge. Over 150 BBO of produced oil and proven reserves has been found in the same group of basins. The probability of finding large undiscovered oil and gas fields (>100 MMBOE) in selected established and mature Latin American basins is high. The Campos (Brazil), Llanos (Colombia), Magadalena (Colombia), Maracaibo (Venezuela), Marahon-Oriente-Putomayo (Peru-Ecuador-Colombia), Maturin (Venezuela), Reforma-Campeche (Mexico) and Ucayali (Peru) basins have the best possibility for such accumulations. Another tier of frontier and emerging basins may also contain significant resources, but limited data makes it difficult to estimate their undiscovered resources. Some of the higher potential basins in this group include the Sierra de Chiapas (Mexico/Guatemala), Huallaga (Peru), Yucatan (Mexico), Sabinas, and Burgos (Mexico) basins.

  15. Geothermal initiatives in Central America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hanold, R.J.; Loose, V.W.; Laughlin, A.W.; Wade, P.E.

    1986-01-01

    The US Agency for International Development is supporting a new project in energy and resources exploitation for Central America. One of the largest components of the project involves exploration and reservoir development investigations directed at enhancing the production of electricity from the region's geothermal resources. An assessment of the geothermal resources of Honduras is in progress, and interesting geothermal regions in the Guanacaste Province of Costa Rica are being explored. Well-logging activities are in progress in the production wells at the Miravalles geothermal field in Costa Rica, and preparations are being made for logging critical wells at Ahuachapan in El Salvador. A self-contained logging truck, complete with high-temperature logging cable and logging tools designed for geothermal service, is being fabricated and will be made available for dedicated use throughout Central America. Geochemical and isotopic analyses of water samples collected in Panama are being evaluated to select a high-priority geothermal site in that country. Application of low- and medium-enthalpy geothermal fluids for industrial and agricultural processes is being investigated in Guatemala.

  16. Chicle harvesting and extractive reserves in the Maya Biosphere b: Reserve

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dugelby, B.L.

    1995-12-31

    Chicle latex has been extracted from the forests of northern Guatemala for over 100 years and is a key element in the extractive reserve component of the Maya Biosphere Reserve. The carrying capacity of the reserve for chicle extraction can be estimated from a model incorporating ecological data (such as latex yields per tree and population structure of chicle trees, Manilkara zapota, Sapot.) with socio-ecological and political information concerning camp and chicle resource availability, harvester tapping behavior, and historical and present-day institutional organization. I estimate that chicle harvestors currently utilize and area larger than the multiple use zone of the reserve in a unsustainable manner. Simple reduction of harvestors numbers will not ensure sustainability; institutional reforms are also in order. Extractive reserves can play an important role in preserving tropical forests. However, their effectiveness is highly dependent on prevailing ecological, socio-economic, and political conditions. Wise planning and management of extractive reserves demands an understanding of the system`s carrying capacity. In addition, a strong institutional foundation is necessary to assure effective monitoring and enforcement of harvesting regulations.

  17. Energy-conservation-investment decision making in developing countries: A review of project implementation in industry. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1989-12-01

    Despite recent efforts in a number of developing countries to promote energy conservation (EC) and efficiency, only a fraction of EC potential has been captured, especially for projects that require significant investments. The document analyzes EC efforts in 11 countries where energy audit and/or feasibility study programs have been carried out (Bangladesh, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jordan, Pakistan, Panama, the Philippines, and Sri Lanka), covering some 1,500 EC projects involving 242 industrial companies. Cost and length of payback seem to be the determining factors for companies considering EC measures; no-cost or low-cost projects with paybacks of less than a year (such as power factor improvement projects) had the highest rate of implementation, while expensive, complicated projects (e.g., cogeneration or fuel substitution projects) were most often rejected. The document concludes, however, that the rate of implementation of EC programs has been quite high, and recommends that inexpensive, short-term projects be featured in future EC programs and increased levels of TA and financial assistance be made available to companies implementing long-term EC measures.

  18. LASER SPECTROSCOPY AND TRACE ELEMENT ANALYSIS Chapter from the Energy and Environment Division Annual Report 1980

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Various, Authors

    1981-05-01

    In order to control pollutants resulting from energy production and utilization, adequate methods are required for monitoring the level of various substances often present at low concentrations. The Energy and Environment Division Applied Research in Laser Spectroscopy & Analytical Techniques Program is directed toward meeting these needs, Emphasis is on the development of physical methods, as opposed to conventional chemical analysis techniques. The advantages, now widely recognized, include ultra-high sensitivity coupled with minimal sample preparation. In some instances physical methods provide multi-parameter measurements which often provide the only means of achiev·ing the sensitivity necessary for the detection of trace contaminants. Work is reported in these areas: APPLIED PHYSICS AND LASER SPECTROSCOPY RESEARCH; MICROPROCESSOR CONTROLLER ANODIC STRIPPING VOLTAMETER FOR TRACE METALS ANALYSIS IN WATER; THE SURVEY OF INSTRUMENTATION FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING; THE POSSIBLE CHRONDRITIC NATURE OF THE DANISH CRETACEOUS~TERTIARY BOUNDARY; IMPROVEMENT OF THE SENSITIVITY AND PRECISION OF NEUTRON ACTIVATION ANALYSIS OF SOME ELEMENTS IN PLANKTON AND PLANKTONIC FISH; and SOURCES OF SOME SECONDARILY WORKED OBSIDIAN ARTIFACTS FROM TIKAL, GUATEMALA.

  19. Eighteenth workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering: Proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramey, H.J. Jr.; Horne, R.J.; Kruger, P.; Miller, F.G.; Brigham, W.E.; Cook, J.W.

    1993-01-28

    PREFACE The Eighteenth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering was held at Stanford University on January 26-28, 1993. There were one hundred and seventeen registered participants which was greater than the attendance last year. Participants were from eight foreign countries: Italy, Japan, United Kingdom, Mexico, New Zealand, the Philippines, Guatemala, and Iceland. Performance of many geothermal fields outside the United States was described in several of the papers. Dean Gary Ernst opened the meeting and welcomed the visitors to the campus. The key note speaker was J.E. ''Ted'' Mock who gave a brief overview of the Department of Energy's current plan. The Stanford Geothermal Program Reservoir Engineering Award for Excellence in Development of Geothermal Energy was awarded to Dr. Mock who also spoke at the banquet. Thirty-nine papers were presented at the Workshop with two papers submitted for publication only. Technical papers were organized in twelve sessions concerning: field operations, The Geysers, geoscience, hot-dry-rock, injection, modeling, slim hole wells, geochemistry, well test and wellbore. Session chairmen were major contributors to the program and we thank: John Counsil, Kathleen Enedy, Harry Olson, Eduardo Iglesias, Marcelo Lippmann, Paul Atkinson, Jim Lovekin, Marshall Reed, Antonio Correa, and David Faulder. The Workshop was organized by the Stanford Geothermal Program faculty, staff, and graduate students. We wish to thank Pat Ota, Ted Sumida, and Terri A. Ramey who also produces the Proceedings Volumes for publication. We owe a great deal of thanks to our students who operate audiovisual equipment and to John Hornbrook who coordinated the meeting arrangements for the Workshop. Henry J. Ramey, Jr. Roland N. Horne Frank G. Miller Paul Kruger William E. Brigham Jean W. Cook

  20. Prospects for international trade in environmental services: An analysis of international carbon emission off-sets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swisher, J.N.

    1991-01-01

    This dissertation presents a case study analysis in which the costs to a US electric utility of reducing its carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) emissions are compared with the costs of carbon-saving forestry projects in Costa Rica and Guatemala. The results show that a large electric utility in the south-central US would find it relatively inexpensive, even profitable given a conducive regulatory treatment, to reduce its CO{sub 2} emissions by a few percent over the next ten years, through direct investment in energy end-use efficiency improvements. In comparison, the costs of the forestry projects studied in Central America range from $1/TC to a worst-case value of about $55/TC, with most project costs between $5 and $13/TC, depending on the type of project, the climate, and the opportunity cost of land. The total amount of CO{sub 2} storage potential is significant, about 100 million tons per country, but not enough to suggest that forestry can offset more than a few percent of global CO{sub 2} emissions from fossil fuel use. These case studies suggest that international trade in the environmental service of reducing global CO{sub 2} accumulation could have significant economic and ecological benefits. A transaction in which a utility pays for forestry projects in exchange for credit against an emission reduction policy is an example of an international carbon emission offset (ICEO). ICEO's could provide a currency for funding carbon-saving services as a way to comply with national policies to reduce CO{sub 2} emissions, as long as compliance is allowed through investments in other countries. This type of North-South transfer is necessary to reconcile economic efficiency and international equity, because of the disparity between the national allocations of responsibility for greenhouse gas emissions and opportunities for emission reductions.

  1. Gas hydrates: technology status report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1986-01-01

    The DOE Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC) implemented a gas hydrates R and D program that emphasized an understanding of the resource through (1) an assessment of current technology, (2) the characterization of gas hydrate geology and reservoir engineering, and (3) the development of diagnostic tools and methods. Recovery of natural gas from gas hydrates will be made possible through (1) improved instrumentation and recovery methods, (2) developing the capability to predict production performance, and (3) field verification of recovery methods. Gas hydrates research has focused primarily on geology. As work progressed, areas where gas hydrates are likely to occur were identified, and specific high potential areas were targeted for detailed investigation. A Geologic Analysis System (GAS) was developed. GAS contains approximately 30 software packages and can manipulate and correlate several types of geologic and petroleum data into maps, graphics, and reports. The system also contains all well information currently available from the Alaskan North Slope area. Laboratory research on gas hydrates includes the characterization of the physical system, which focuses on creating synthetic methane hydrates and developing synthetic hydrate cores using tetrahydrofuran (THF), consolidated rock cores, frost base mixtures, water/ice-base mixtures, and water-base mixtures. Laboratory work produced measurements of the sonic velocity and electrical resistivity of these synthetic hydrates. During 1983, a sample from a natural hydrate core recovered from the Pacific coast of Guatemala was tested for these properties by DOE/METC. More recently, natural hydrate samples acquired from the Gulf of Mexico are being tested. Modeling and systems analysis work has focused on the development of GAS and preliminary gas hydrate production models. 23 refs., 18 figs., 6 tabs.

  2. Cenozoic tectonic and sedimentary development of the North American-Caribbean transform boundary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mann, P.; Debalko, D.; Grote, D.; Tyburski, S. (Univ. of Texas, Austin (USA))

    1990-05-01

    The North American-Caribbean plate boundary consists of strike-slip deformation extending 3,200 km from the Middle American volcanic arc in western Guatemala to the northern Lesser Antilles. The authors have reconstructed the complex sedimentary and tectonic evolution of this zone over the past 65 m.y. by integration of onshore geologic data and offshore geophysical data. Onshore geologic data consists mainly of detailed structural maps and biostratigraphic studies from uplifted sedimentary basins in Hispaniola and Jamaica. Offshore data consists of single and multichannel seismic profiles and side-scan sonar maps. Both onshore and offshore data have been synthesized into a set of computer-based, paleogeographic maps for the following Cenozoic periods: late Paleocene, middle Eocene, late Oligocene, early Miocene, late Miocene, Pliocene, and Holocene. These data allow them to generalize the tectonic evolution of the boundary into three stages. Stage 1: Paleocene to early Eocene rifting and bimodal volcanism associated with formation of the Cayman Trough pullapart basin. Nonmarine to shallow marine sedimentation was controlled by northwest-northeast-striking normal faults formed at a high angle to the direction of plate motion. Stage 2: middle Eocene to early Miocene strike-slip faulting across a broad, California Borderlands-type margin. Shallow marine to marine sedimentation was controlled by strike-slip faults parallel or at a low angle to the direction of plate motion. Stage 3: middle Miocene to present strike-slip faulting along a single major fault. Deep-marine sedimentation was controlled by a major strike-slip fault scarp formed approximately parallel to the direction of plate motion over most of the length of the boundary. Eustatic sea level effects are recognizable in all three stages.

  3. Climate Change in Lowland Central America During the Late Deglacial and Early Holocene

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hillesheim, M B; Hodell, D A; Leyden, B W; Brenner, M; Curtis, J H; Anselmetti, F S; Ariztegui, D; Buck, D G; Guilderson, T P; Rosenmeier, M F; Schnurrenberger, D W

    2005-02-08

    The transition from arid glacial to moist early Holocene conditions represented a profound change in northern lowland Neotropical climate. Here we report a detailed record of changes in moisture availability during the latter part of this transition ({approx}11,250 to 7,500 cal yr BP) inferred from sediment cores retrieved in Lake Peten Itza, northern Guatemala. Pollen assemblages demonstrate that a mesic forest had been largely established by {approx}11,250 cal yr BP, but sediment properties indicate that lake level was more than 35 m below modern stage. From 11,250 to 10,350 cal yr BP, during the Preboreal period, lithologic changes in sediments from deep-water cores (>50 m below modern water level) indicate several wet-dry cycles that suggest distinct changes in effective moisture. Four dry events (designated PBE1-4) occurred at 11,200, 10,900, 10,700, and 10,400 cal yr BP and correlate with similar variability observed in the Cariaco Basin titanium record and glacial meltwater pulses into the Gulf of Mexico. After 10,350 cal yr BP, multiple sediment proxies suggest a shift to a more persistently moist early Holocene climate. Comparison of results from Lake Peten Itza with other records from the circum-Caribbean demonstrates a coherent climate response during the entire span of our record. Furthermore, lowland Neotropical climate during the late deglacial and early Holocene period appears to be tightly linked to climate change in the high-latitude North Atlantic. We speculate that the observed changes in lowland Neotropical precipitation were related to the intensity of the annual cycle and associated displacements in the mean latitudinal position of the Intertropical Convergence Zone and Azores-Bermuda high-pressure system. This mechanism operated on millennial-to-submillennial timescales and may have responded to changes in solar radiation, glacial meltwater, North Atlantic sea ice, and the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (MOC).

  4. Gas hydrates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-04-01

    There is a definite need for the US government to provide leadership for research in gas hydrates and to coordinate its activities with academia, industry, private groups, federal agencies, and their foreign counterparts. In response to this need, the DOE Morgantown Energy Technology Center implemented a gas hydrates R and D program. Understanding the resource will be achieved through: assessment of current technology; characterization of gas hydrate geology and reservoir engineering; and development of diagnostic tools and methods. Research to date has focused on geology. As work progressed, areas where gas hydrates are likely to occur were identified, and specific high potential areas were targeted for future detailed investigation. Initial research activities involved the development of the Geologic Analysis System (GAS); which will provide, through approximately 30 software packages, the capability to manipulate and correlate several types of geologic and petroleum data into maps, graphics, and reports. Preliminary mapping of hydrate prospects for the Alaskan North Slope is underway. Geological research includes physical system characterization which focuses on creating synthetic methane hydrates and developing synthetic hydrate cores using tetrahydrofuran, consolidated rock cores, frost base mixtures, water/ice base mixtures, and water base mixtures. Laboratory work produced measurements of the sonic velocity and electrical resistivity of these synthetic hydrates. During 1983, a sample from a natural hydrate core recovered from the Pacific coast of Guatemala was tested for these properties by METC. More recently, a natural hydrate sample from the Gulf of Mexico was also acquired and testing of this sample is currently underway. In addition to the development of GAS, modeling and systems analysis work focused on the development of conceptual gas hydrate production models. 16 figs., 6 tabs.

  5. Determination of the total grain size distributionin a vulcanian eruption column, and its implications to stratospheric aerosol perturbation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murrow, P.J.; Rose, W.I. Jr.; Self, S.

    1980-11-01

    Grain size analysis of samples representing all sampleable portions of the airfall deposit produced by the Fuego volcano in Guatemala on 14 October 1974 form the basis for estimating the total grain size distribution of tephra from this eruption. The region enclosed by each isopach has a particular average grain size distribution which can be weighted proportionally to its percentage volume. The grain size of pyroclastic avalanche deposits produced during the eruption are also included. The total grain size distribution calculated as a sum of weighted distributions has a median grain size of 0.80 (0.6mm) and a sorting coefficient (sigma0) of 2.3. The size distribution seems to approximate Rosin and Rammler's law of crushing and this observation allows us to estimate that no more than 15% volume of the fine tail of the total size distribution is likely to be missing. The ash composed of these fine particles did not fall in the region of the volcano as part of the recognizable tephra blanket. The eruption column reached well into the stratosphere: heights estimated from the ground were 10 to 12 km above sea level but estimated heights based on mass flux rates are higher (18 to 23 km). The proportion of ash smaller than 2 ..mu..m, which could remain for substantial periods in the stratosphere, is no more than 0.8% volume of the total. It seems probable that acid aerosol particles from vulcanian type eruptions are more important to stratospheric aerosol perturbation than fine silicate ash particles by at least an order of magnitude.

  6. The US Agency for International Development--Los Alamos National Laboratory--US Geological Survey Central American Geothermal Resources Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heiken, G.; Goff, S. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)); Janik, K. (Geological Survey, Menlo Park, CA (United States). Branch of Igneous and Geothermal Processes)

    1992-01-01

    Interdisciplinary field teams for this energy assistance program consisted of staff from Los Alamos, the US Geological Survey, the country of the study, and consultants; this provided the wide range of expertise necessary for geothermal resource evaluation. The program was successful largely because of the field teams dedication to their goals of verifying new geothermal resources and of sharing exploration techniques with in-country collaborators. Training programs included the geochemical, geophysical, and geological techniques needed for geothermal exploration. However, the most important aspect was long-term field work with in-country collaborators. Four geothermal gradient coreholes were drilled, three in Honduras and one in Guatemala. One of the coreholes was co-financed with Honduras, and showed their commitment to the project. Three of the exploration holes encountered high-temperature fluids, which provided information on the nature and extent of the geothermal reservoirs at promising sites in both countries. A geothermal well logging system was built and is shared between four Central American countries. For the evaluation of geothermal fluids, a geochemistry laboratory was established in Tegucigalpa, Honduras; it is now self-sufficient, and is part of Honduras' energy program. Through the teaching process and by working with counterparts in the field, the team expanded its own experience with a wide variety of geothermal systems, an experience that will be beneficial in the future for both the US investigators and in-country collaborators. At the working-scientists level, new contacts were developed that may flourish and professional ties were strengthened between scientists from a variety of US agencies. Rather than competing for research and field budgets, they worked together toward a common goal.

  7. Central American geologic map project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dengo, G.

    1986-07-01

    During the Northeast Quadrant Panel meeting of the Circum-Pacific Map Project held in Mexico City, February 1985, Central American panel members proposed and adopted plans for compiling a geologic map of Central America, probably at a scale of 1:500,000. A local group with participants from each country was organized and coordinated by Rolando Castillo, director, Central American School of Geology, University of Costa Rica, for the geologic aspects, and Fernando Rudin, director, Geographic Institute of Costa Rica, for the topographic base. In 1956, the US Geological Survey published a geologic map of the region at a scale of 1:1 million. Subsequent topographic and geologic mapping projects have provided a large amount of new data. The entire area is now covered by topographic maps at a scale of 1:50,000, and these maps have been used in several countries as a base for geologic mapping. Another regional map, the Metallogenic Map of Central America (scale = 1:2 million), was published in 1969 by the Central American Research Institute for Industry (ICAITI) with a generalized but updated geologic base map. Between 1969 and 1980, maps for each country were published by local institutions: Guatemala-Belize at 1:500,000, Honduras at 1:500,000, El Salvador at 1:100,000, Nicaragua at 1:1 million, Costa Rica at 1:200,000, and Panama at 1:1 million. This information, in addition to that of newly mapped areas, served as the base for the Central American part of the Geologic-Tectonic Map of the Caribbean Region (scale = 1:2.5 million), published by the US Geological Survey in 1980, and also fro the Northeast Quadrant Maps of the Circum-Pacific Region. The new project also involves bathymetric and geologic mapping of the Pacific and Caribbean margins of the Central American Isthmus. A substantial amount of new information of the Middle America Trench has been acquired through DSDP Legs 67 and 84.

  8. Enhancing Middle East climate change monitoring and indexes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sensoy, S. [Turkish State Meteorological Service, Ankara (Turkey); Peterson, T.C. [NOAA/National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, NC (United States); Alexander, L.V. [Hadley Centre, Exeter (United Kingdom); Zhang, X. [Meteorological Service of Canada, Downsview, Ontario (Canada). Climate Research Branch

    2007-08-15

    Extreme climate events can have significant impacts on both natural and human systems, and therefore it is important to know if and how climate extremes are changing. Analysis of extremes requires long-term daily station data and, unfortunately, there are many regions in the world where these data are not internationally exchanged. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Third Assessment Report (Folland et al. 2001) relied heavily on the multinational analysis of Frich et al (2002). However, Frich et al. had no results from all of Central and South America, and most of Africa and southern Asia, including the Middle East. To remedy this situation for the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report, the joint World Meteorological Organization Commission for Climatology/World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) project on Climate Variability and Predictability (CLIVAR) Expert Team on Climate Change Detection, Monitoring, and Indices (Zwiers et al. 2003) internationally coordinated a series of five regional climate change workshops and a set of indices for analyses of extremes. Two workshops covered the Americas, one in Brazil and one in Guatemala. One workshop addressed southern Africa. A workshop in India involved south and central Asia, while the workshop for the Middle East sought to address the region from Turkey to Iran and from Georgia to the southern tip of the Arabian Peninsula. The key to a successful workshop is a collaborative approach between outside experts and regional participants. The participants here broght long-term daily precipitation and maximum and minimum temperature data, station history information, an understanding of their country's climate, and a willingness to analyze thse data under the tutelage of outside experts. The outside experts brought knowledge of the crucial data and climate change issues, presentations to explain these issues, and user-friendly software to aid the analyses. Xuebin Zhang of Environment Canada wrote the workshop software to perform quality control (QC) on the data, tst the time series homogeneity, and calculate the indices. The participants created presentations on how extremes were changing in their countries. The workshop is making a direct contribution to climate change research by initiating a peer-review paper on how extremes are changing in a region never before analyzed and where data exchange is rare.