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1

Challenges for Na-ion Negative Electrodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Na-ion batteries have been proposed as candidates for replacing Li-ion batteries. In this paper we examine the viability of Na-ion negative electrode materials based on Na alloys or hard carbons in terms of volumetric ...

Chevrier, V. L.

2

NA-54 IPR Production | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NA-54 IPR Production NA-54 IPR Production NA-54 IPR Production More Documents & Publications Accelerating Clean-up at Savannah River DOE EIR FM.doc Project Annex for IPR...

3

Results from NA61/SHINE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we summarize recent results from NA61/SHINE relevant for heavy ion physics, neutrino oscillations and the interpretation of air showers induced by ultra-high energy cosmic rays.

Unger, M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Deliquescence of NaCl-NaNO3 and KNO3-NaNO3 Salt Mixtures at 90C  

SciTech Connect

We conducted reversed deliquescence experiments in saturated NaCl-NaNO3-H2O and KNO{sub 3}-NaNO{sub 3}-H{sub 2}O systems at 90 C to determine relative humidity and solution composition. NaCl, NaNO{sub 3}, and KNO{sub 3} represent members of dust salt assemblages that are likely to deliquesce and form concentrated brines on high-level radioactive waste package surfaces in a repository environment at Yucca Mountain, NV, USA. Model predictions agree with experimental results for the NaCl-NaNO{sub 3}-H{sub 2}O system, but underestimate relative humidity by as much as 8% and solution composition by as much as 50% in the KNO{sub 3}-NaNO{sub 3}-H{sub 2}O system.

Carroll, S; Craig, L; Wolery, T

2003-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

5

New Improved Equations For Na-K, Na-Li And Sio2 Geothermometers...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Improved Equations For Na-K, Na-Li And Sio2 Geothermometers By Outlier Detection And Rejection Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: New...

6

The Dow Chemical Company - NA System House ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Dow Chemical Company - NA System House - Wilmington. NVLAP Lab Code: 100210-0. Address and Contact Information: ...

2013-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

7

Aquecimento Global e Mudança Climática na Amazônia:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

73 a 292. 1 Aquecimento Global e Mudana Climtica na Amaznia: Retroalimentao Clima-Vegetao e Impactos nos Recursos Hdricos Jos Marengo, 1 Carlos A. Nobre, 1...

8

New Improved Equations For Na-K, Na-Li And Sio2 Geothermometers By Outlier  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Improved Equations For Na-K, Na-Li And Sio2 Geothermometers By Outlier Improved Equations For Na-K, Na-Li And Sio2 Geothermometers By Outlier Detection And Rejection Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: New Improved Equations For Na-K, Na-Li And Sio2 Geothermometers By Outlier Detection And Rejection Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: We present new improved equations for three still widely used Na/K, Na/Li and SiO2 geothermometers (obtained by statistical treatment of the data and application of outlier detection and rejection as well as theory of error propagation) and compare them with those by Fournier and others. New equations are also developed for estimating errors associated with the use of these new geothermometric equations and comparing them with the performance of the original equations. The errors in the use of the new

9

2012 Annual Workforce Analysis and Staffing Plan Report - NNSA NA-00 and NA-10  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Last printed 1/24/2013 10:50:00 AM Page 1 of 12 Last printed 1/24/2013 10:50:00 AM Page 1 of 12 Part 1. NA-00/NA-10/NA-15 Input Annual Workforce Analysis and Staffing Plan Report As of December 31, 2012 Reporting Offices: NNSA NA-10 HQ (including NA-15 inputs) and NA-00 (while transitioning to new organizational structure) Section One: Current Mission(s) of the Organization and Potential Changes NNSA Mission: To strengthen United States security through the military application of nuclear energy. NNSA Vision: To be an integrated nuclear security enterprise operating an efficient and agile nuclear weapons complex, recognized as preeminent in technical leadership and program management. Organizational Changes: NNSA is in the final phase of another re-organization that will split NA- 10 and establish an independent office, NA-00, to oversee the NNSA sites and other non-weapons-

10

Workforce Statistics - NA 70 | National Nuclear Security Administratio...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Blog Workforce Statistics - NA 70 Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA 70...

11

Workforce Statistics - NA MB | National Nuclear Security Administratio...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Blog Workforce Statistics - NA MB Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA MB...

12

Workforce Statistics - NA 20 | National Nuclear Security Administratio...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Blog Workforce Statistics - NA 20 Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA 20...

13

Workforce Statistics - NA 10 | National Nuclear Security Administratio...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Blog Workforce Statistics - NA 10 Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA 10...

14

Workforce Statistics - NA EA | National Nuclear Security Administratio...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Blog Workforce Statistics - NA EA Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA EA...

15

Workforce Statistics - NA-30 | National Nuclear Security Administratio...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Blog Workforce Statistics - NA-30 Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA-30...

16

Workforce Statistics - NA 40 | National Nuclear Security Administratio...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Blog Workforce Statistics - NA 40 Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA 40...

17

Workforce Statistics - NA GC | National Nuclear Security Administratio...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Blog Workforce Statistics - NA GC Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA GC...

18

Workforce Statistics - NA 1 | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Blog Workforce Statistics - NA 1 Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA 1...

19

Workforce Statistics - NA APM | National Nuclear Security Administrati...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Blog Workforce Statistics - NA APM Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA APM...

20

Workforce Statistics - NA SH | National Nuclear Security Administratio...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Blog Workforce Statistics - NA SH Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA SH...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na na russia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Workforce Statistics - NA 80 | National Nuclear Security Administratio...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Blog Workforce Statistics - NA 80 Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA 80...

22

Workforce Statistics - NA IM | National Nuclear Security Administratio...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Blog Workforce Statistics - NA IM Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA IM...

23

Development of Low-Temperature Molten Na Batteries with ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Our novel battery system operates at temperatures near the melting point of Na metal, and employs a NaSICON ceramic primary electrolyte separator.

24

Transepithelial transport in cell culture: Stoichiometry of Na/phlorizin ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Membrane Biology. Transepithelial Transport in Cell Culture: Stoiehiometry of Na /Phlorizin Binding and Na/D-Glueose Cotransport. A Two-Step, Two-Sodium ...

25

Deliquescence of NaCl-NaNO3, KNO3-NaNO3, and NaCl-KNO3 Salt Mixtures From 90 to 120?C  

SciTech Connect

We conducted reversed deliquescence experiments in saturated NaCl-NaNO{sub 3}-H{sub 2}O, KNO{sub 3}-NaNO{sub 3}-H{sub 2}O, and NaCl-KNO{sub 3}-H{sub 2}O systems from 90 to 120 C as a function of relative humidity and solution composition. NaCl, NaNO{sub 3}, and KNO{sub 3} represent members of dust salt assemblages that are likely to deliquesce and form concentrated brines on high-level radioactive waste package surfaces in a repository environment at Yucca Mountain, NV, USA. Discrepancy between model prediction and experimental code can be as high as 8% for relative humidity and 50% for dissolved ion concentration. The discrepancy is attributed primarily to the use of 25 C models for Cl-NO{sub 3} and K-NO{sub 3} ion interactions in the current Yucca Mountain Project high-temperature Pitzer model to describe the non-ideal behavior of these highly concentrated solutions.

Carroll, S A; Craig, L; Wolery, T J

2004-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

26

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Na-ion Intercalation Electrodes for Na...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CAES Pumped Hydro Power Stationary 1 kW 100 kW 10 MW 1 GW 10 kW 1 MW 100 MW Li Ion Battery NaS, Na metal halide Vehicle Energy Density and Cost Lifetime and Capital Cost PHEV...

27

Anodic dissolution characteristics and electrochemical migration lifetimes of Sn solder in NaCl and Na2SO4 solutions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In situ water drop tests and anodic polarization tests of pure Sn solder were carried out in deaerated 0.001% NaCl and Na"2SO"4 solutions to determine the correlation between anodic dissolution characteristics and the electrochemical migration lifetime. ... Keywords: Anodic dissolution, Electrochemical migration, Life time, Na2SO4, NaCl, Sn solder

Ja-Young Jung; Shin-Bok Lee; Young-Chang Joo; Ho-Young Lee; Young-Bae Park

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

2011 Annual Planning Summary for Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation (NA-20)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The ongoing and projected Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Statements for 2011 and 2012 within Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation (NA-20).

29

Advanced Intermediate-Temperature Na-S Battery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, we reported an intermediate-temperature (~150°C) sodium-sulfur (Na-S) battery. With a reduced operating temperature, this novel battery can potentially reduce the cost and safety issues associated with the conventional high-temperature (300~350°C) Na-S battery. A dense ?"-Al2O3 solid membrane and tetraglyme were utilized as the electrolyte separator and catholyte solvent in this battery. Solubility tests indicated that cathode mixture of Na2S4 and S exhibited extremely high solubility in tetraglyme (e.g., > 4.1 M for Na2S4 + 4 S). CV scans of Na2S4 in tetraglyme revealed two pairs of redox couples with peaks at around 2.22 and 1.75 V, corresponding to the redox reactions of polysulfide species. The discharge/charge profiles of the Na-S battery showed a slope region and a plateau, indicating multiple steps and cell reactions. In-situ Raman measurements during battery operation suggested that polysulfide species were formed in the sequence of Na2S5 + S ? Na2S5 + Na2S4? Na2S4 + Na2S2 during discharge and in a reverse order during charge. This battery showed dramatic improvement in rate capacity and cycling stability over room-temperature Na-S batteries, which makes it attractive for renewable energy integration and other grid related applications.

Lu, Xiaochuan; Kirby, Brent W.; Xu, Wu; Li, Guosheng; Kim, Jin Yong; Lemmon, John P.; Sprenkle, Vincent L.; Yang, Zhenguo (Gary)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Workforce Statistics - NA-30 | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

NA-30 | National Nuclear Security Administration NA-30 | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Workforce Statistics - NA-30 Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA-30 Workforce Statistics - NA-30 Workforce Statistics - Naval Reactors

31

Workforce Statistics - NA 1 | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

| National Nuclear Security Administration | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Workforce Statistics - NA 1 Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA 1 Workforce Statistics - NA 1 NA 1 FY12 NA 1 Semi Annual Report

32

Classes sociais e estilos de vida na sociedade brasileira.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??O objetivo principal deste trabalho é investigar a formação das classes sociais na sociedade brasileira como possíveis coletividades que balizam a sociabilidade cotidiana e configuram… (more)

Edison Ricardo Emiliano Bertoncelo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Workforce Statistics - NA 1 | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Workforce Statistics - NA 1 Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights >...

34

Workforce Statistics - NA 20 | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

20 | National Nuclear Security Administration 20 | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Workforce Statistics - NA 20 Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA 20 Workforce Statistics - NA 20 NA 20 FY12 NA 20 Semi Annual Report

35

Workforce Statistics - NA 40 | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

40 | National Nuclear Security Administration 40 | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Workforce Statistics - NA 40 Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA 40 Workforce Statistics - NA 40 NA40 FY12 NA 40 Semi Annual Report

36

Workforce Statistics - NA 10 | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

0 | National Nuclear Security Administration 0 | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Workforce Statistics - NA 10 Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA 10 Workforce Statistics - NA 10 NA 10 FY12 NA 10 Semi Annual Report

37

EUV microexposures at the ALS using the 0.3-NA MET projection optics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

micro-exposure capabilities at the ALS using the 0.3-NA METEUV Microexposures at the ALS using the 0.3-NA MET Optic,”microexposures at the ALS using the 0.3-NA MET projection

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Analysis of NaOH releases for Hanford tank farms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The information contained in the canceled document is now located in the document: Consequence Analysis of a NaOH Solution Spray Release During Addition to Waste Tank, WHC-SD-WM-CN-065.

Ryan, G.W., Westinghouse Hanford

1996-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

39

Status and plans of the NA61/SHINE physics program  

SciTech Connect

One of the NA61/SHINE experiment's goals is to discover the critical point of strongly interacting matter and study the properties of the onset of deconfinement. This is to be achieved by performing a two-dimensional phase diagram (T- Micro-Sign {sub B}) scan-measuring hadron production in collisions of various beam particles and targets at various beam energies. NA61/SHINE also collects data for the T2K experiment, which are just about to be published.

Czopowicz, T., E-mail: Tobiasz.Roman.Czopowicz@cern.ch [Warsaw University of Technology, Faculty of Physics (Poland)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

40

Office of Civil Rights, NNSA, NA 1.2, Albuquerque Complex  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

http:hq.na.govocr Fiscal Year 2011 Year-End Workforce Diversity Assistant Deputy Administrator for Secure Transportation NA-15 OCR Functions: Technical advisory services...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na na russia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Sodium Sulfur (NaS) Battery Research in Korea: Part II ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, The activities of sodium sulfur (NaS) battery research in Korea ... The presentation was focused on the development of tubular NaS batteries ...

42

Comparative studies of etching mechanisms of CR-39 in NaOH/H2O and NaOH/ethanol  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of scission of the carbonate ester bond in CR-39 by the hydroxide ion through basic hydro- lysis of ester-39 detectors during etching in NaOH/ethanol has also shown that sodium car- bonate is present

Yu, K.N.

43

" East North Central",9.3,"NA",10.1,10.7,11.6,11.85822  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"NA",10,10.1,10.9,11.43527 "Urban Status" " Urban ",9.4,"NA",10.3,10.7,11.4,11.68803 " Rural ",9.3,"NA",10.1,10.4,11.6,12.8337 "Household Size" " 1 Person ",8.7,"NA",9.2,9,10.1,9....

44

DE-RP52-08NA28091  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8NA28091 8NA28091 [Submit in Volume I, TAB 2] Attachment L-1 Page 1 of 4 CORPORATE, PARTNERSHIP, JOINT VENTURE CERTIFICATES If the offer is submitted by a corporation, partnership or a Joint Venture, the applicable form provided on the following pages must be completed and submitted in Volume I of the proposal. In the alternative, other evidence must be submitted to substantiate the authority of the person signing the offer. If a corporation, the same officer shall not execute both the offer and the certificate. DE-RP52-08NA28091 [Submit in Volume I, TAB 2] Attachment L-1 Page 2 of 4 CORPORATE CERTIFICATE I, _______________________________________________, certify that I am the Secretary of the

45

Plant response to Na/sup +/, K/sup +/ and K/sup +//Na/sup +/ ratios under saline conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This research was undertaken to more clearly determine plant response to saline-sodic waters. In the first experiment, the response of wheat and sorghum to different K/sup +//Na/sup +/ ratios at different osmotic potentials was investigated. The plants were grown in outdoor solution culture tanks containing polyethylene glycol and/or NaCl as osmoticum with 1/2 strength Hoagland as the base nutrient solution. The mass of the root system for both wheat and sorghum was determined primarily by the osmotic potential. However, root elongation was controlled primarily by the Na/sup +/ concentration. Sorghum root elongation rates decreased with increasing Na/sup +/ while those for wheat increased. Sodium was not translocated out of the sorghum root system until a critical Na/sup +/ root saturation level of .6 moles/kg was obtained. The second experiment was designed to investigate the water, nutrient and growth responses of the second crop of wheat in a wheat-sorghum-wheat rotation to zonal saline-sodic conditions.

Devitt, D.A.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

A Lepton Universality Test at CERN NA62 Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The NA62 experiment at CERN collected a large sample of K+ --> enu decays during a dedicated run in 2007, aiming at a precise test of lepton universality by measurement of the helicity suppressed ratio RK = BR(K+ --> enu)/BR(K+ --> munu). A preliminary result of the analysis of a partial data sample of 51089 K+ --> enu candidates is presented.

Evgueni Goudzovski

2010-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

47

Advanced 0.3-NA EUV lithography capabilities at the ALS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

micro-exposure capabilities at the ALS using the 0.3-NA METEUV Microexposures at the ALS using the 0.3-NA MET Optic,”EUV lithography capabilities at the ALS Patrick Naulleau 1 ,

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Physicochemical basis of the Na-K-Ca geothermometer  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Regular changes in solution composition were observed experimentally during granite reaction with dilute NaCl (+CaCl/sub 2/) solutions; these changes closely follow the empirical Na-K-Ca geothermometer relationship. Initial minerals forming the granite (quartz, plagioclase, K-feldspar, and biotite) were etched by the reactions. Alteration phases formed include calcium-zeolite at <300/sup 0/C, feldspar overgrowths at >300/sup 0/C, and minor amounts of clay and calcsilicate at all temperatures. Amphibole overgrowths were also found at 340/sup 0/C. Quartz is near saturation in all experiments, and preliminary calculations of aqueous species distributions and mineral affinities indicate that the solutions achieve super-saturation with feldspars as the temperature increase. A consistent variation attributable to pH differences was observed in the empirical geothermometer relationship for all experimental data. At 340/sup 0/C, the experimental solutions appear to have deviated slightly from the empirical Na-K-Ca relationship. Such deviations may also be found in natural systems that attain such temperatures.

Janecky, D.R.; Charles, R.W.; Bayhurst, G.K.; Benjamin, T.M.

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Measurements of NaI(Tl) electron response: comparison of different samples  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Office of Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation, Officeof Nonproliferation Research and Development (NA-22) of theof Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation, Office of Nuclear

Hull, Giulia

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Caustic Recycle from Hanford Tank Waste Using Large Area NaSICON Structures (LANS)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents the results of a 5-day test of an electrochemical bench-scale apparatus using a proprietary (NAS-GY) material formulation of a (Na) Super Ion Conductor (NaSICON) membrane in a Large Area NaSICON Structures (LANS) configuration. The primary objectives of this work were to assess system performance, membrane seal integrity, and material degradation while removing Na from Group 5 and 6 tank waste from the Hanford Site.

Fountain, Matthew S.; Sevigny, Gary J.; Balagopal, S.; Bhavaraju, S.

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

51

RUSSIA - Springer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The main Members demanding unification of oil and gas prices in. Russia are ..... 1972/2002 dated November 5, 2002 amending Regulation (EC) No. 384/96.

52

Estudo do desempenho de um compressor axial de vários estágios com injeção de água na sua entrada.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A simulação numérica de compressores axiais é de fundamental importância tanto na fase de projeto quanto na de desenvolvimento do compressor. A simulação numérica é… (more)

Luciano Porto Bontempo

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Na(+)-H+ exchanger kinetics in adrenal glomerulosa cells and its activation by angiotensin II  

SciTech Connect

We have studied the kinetic properties of basal and angiotensin II (ANG II) stimulated Na(+)-H+ exchange in adrenal glomerulosa cells by measuring changes in cytosolic pH (pHi) and initial rates of 22Na uptake in the presence or absence of dimethylamiloride (DMA). The cells were studied under basal conditions, at constant pHi with varied external sodium (Na+o), and at varied pHi with constant Na+o (50 mM). In 2,7-biscarboxyethyl-5(6)-carboxyfluorescein loaded cells under basal conditions, pHi rose from 7.09 +/- 0.02 to 7.19 +/- 0.02. Similarly, DMA-sensitive Na influx was enhanced from 9.2 +/- 1.3 to 14.8 +/- 2.1 nmol Na+/mg protein x min (P less than 0.01) by ANG II. In cells acid-loaded by preincubation in Na(+)-free media (pHi 6.8), addition of varying Na+o resulted in a rapid H+ efflux that was markedly inhibited by DMA. DMA-sensitive Na+ influx into these acidified cells with varied Na+o exhibited a Michaelis-Menten constant (Km) of 23 mM and a maximum velocity (Vmax) of 43 nmol Na+/mg protein x min. By varying pHi (from pHi 7.1 to 6.2), DMA-sensitive Na+ influx likewise showed activation with cellular acidification with a pK at pHi 7.09. At pHi 6.8, ANG II decreased the Km for Na+o from 23 to 17 mM and increased the Vmax from 43 to 53 nmol Na+/mg protein x min. The pHi dependence of DMA-sensitive Na+ influx was not affected by ANG II (pK at pHi 7.03). DMA also inhibited AII-stimulated aldosterone secretion and Na+ influx similarly. These results indicate that Na(+)-H+ exchange in adrenal glomerulosa cells is functioning under basal conditions, and is modulated by ANG II with enhanced Na+o affinity and Vmax but without a shift in pHi dependence (similar to ANG II effects on vascular smooth muscle cells). These effects suggest an important role for Na(+)-H+ exchange during ANG II stimulation of aldosterone production by glomerulosa cells.

Conlin, P.R.; Kim, S.Y.; Williams, G.H.; Canessa, M.L. (Brigham and Women' s Hospital, Boston, MA (USA))

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

NA Standards | Valence Geometries | Bond Angles-Furanose Rings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

angles in Furanose Rings angles in Furanose Rings ----------------------------------------------------- ribose deoxyribose ----------------------------------------------------- angle mean esd N mean esd N value value ----------------------------------------------------- C1'-C2'-C3' 101.5 (0.9, 80) 102.7 (1.4, 47) C2'-C3'-C4' 102.7 (1.0, 80) 103.2 (1.0, 47) C3'-C4'-O4' 105.5 (1.4, 80) 105.6 (1.0, 47) C4'-O4'-C1' 109.6 (0.9, 80) 109.7 (1.4, 47) O4'-C1'-C2' 106.4 (1.4, 80) 106.1 (1.0, 47) C1'-C2'-O2' 110.6 (3.0, 80) na C3'-C2'-O2' 113.3 (2.9, 80) na C2'-C3'-O3' 111.0 (2.8, 80) 110.6 (2.7, 47) C4'-C3'-O3' 110.6 (2.6, 80) 110.3 (2.2, 47) C5'-C4'-C3' 115.5 (1.5, 80) 114.7 (1.5, 47)

55

Formation of titanate nanostructures under different NaOH concentration and their application in wastewater treatment  

SciTech Connect

The effects of the concentration of NaOH on the formation and transformation of various titanate nanostructures were studied. With increasing NaOH concentration, three different formation mechanisms were proposed. Nanotubes can only be obtained under moderate NaOH conditions, and should transform into nanowires with prolonged hydrothermal treatment, and their formation rate is accelerated by increasing NaOH concentration. Low concentration of NaOH results in the direct formation of nanowires, while extra high concentration of NaOH leads to the formation of amorphous nanoparticles. Adsorption and photocatalysis studies show that titanate nanowires and nanotubes might be potential adsorbents for the removal of both heavy metal ions and dyes and photocatalysts for the removal of dyes from wastewater. -- Graphical abstract: The morphologies of the titanates depend deeply on the concentration of NaOH. With increasing NaOH concentration, three different formation mechanisms were proposed. The application of these titanate nanostructures in the wastewater treatment was studied. Display Omitted Research highlights: {yields} Effect of NaOH concentration on the structures of various titanates was reported. {yields} Three different formation mechanisms were presented with increasing NaOH concentration. {yields} Various titanates were used as adsorbents/photocatalysts in wastewater treatment.

Huang Jiquan [Key Lab of Optoelectronic Materials Chemistry and Physics, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou 350002 (China); Graduate school of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049 (China); Cao Yongge, E-mail: caoyongge@fjirsm.ac.c [Key Lab of Optoelectronic Materials Chemistry and Physics, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou 350002 (China); Deng Zhonghua; Tong Hao [Key Lab of Optoelectronic Materials Chemistry and Physics, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou 350002 (China)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

56

Cu2Sb thin films as anode for Na-ion batteries  

SciTech Connect

Cu2Sb thin films prepared by magnetron sputtering are evaluated as an anode material for Na-ion batteries. The starting material is composed of nanocrystallites with the desired tetragonal P4/nmm structure. The study of the reaction mechanism reveals the formation of an amorphous/nanocrystalline phase of composition close to Na3Sb as the final reaction product. The solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) material is mostly composed of carbonates (Na2CO3, NaCO3R). The Cu2Sb anode possesses moderate capacity retention with a reversible storage capacity (250 mAh/g) close to the theoretical value (323 mAh/g), an average reaction potential of around 0.55 V vs. Na/Na+, and a high rate performance (10 C-rate).

Baggetto, Loic [ORNL; Allcorn, Eric [University of Texas, Austin; Manthiram, Arumugam [University of Texas, Austin; Veith, Gabriel M [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

NA-ASC-100R-04-Vol.1-Rev.0  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

100R-04-Vol.1-Rev.0 100R-04-Vol.1-Rev.0 August 2004 SAND 2004-3740P Issued by Sandia National Laboratories for NNSA's Office of Advanced Simulation & Computing, NA-114. For more information, contact Dr. Dimitri Kusnezov at dimitri.kusnezov@nnsa.doe.gov ON THE COVER: These experimental images show the evolution of three gaseous cylinders (seeded with a tracer gas) that have been accelerated by a planar shock wave. The flow fields are dominated by vortices created by the shock acceleration, so the swirling red flows are the SF6 gas being entrained by the vortices. The yellow is air. Each photo consists of two snapshots of the flow at two times (with time interval about 200 microseconds). These images are produced by a laser-induced fluorescence technique. In each image the structures are traveling from left to right at speeds of 100 m/s.

58

2012 Annual Workforce Analysis and Staffing Plan Report - NNSA NA-40  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 2 Reporting Office: NNSA NA-40 Section One - Current Mission (s) of the Organization and Potential Changes. 1. The Office of Emergency Operations (NA-40) administers and directs DOE and NNSA programs for emergency response capabilities to ensure availability and viability to respond to emergencies at DOE and NNSA facilities and field sites, and to nuclear and radiological emergencies within the United States and abroad. NA-40 is also responsible for the development of Departmental policy and guidance, technical assistance, and supporting implementation of emergency management planning, preparedness, readiness assurance, and response activities within DOE and NNSA. 2. NA-40 has no nuclear or radiological facilities under its cognizance; however,

59

Arquitetura ODP-CIM aplicada na previsão distribuída da carga do sistema elétrico de potência.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??O presente trabalho apresenta a utilização do modelo CIM ? Common Information Model com uma abordagem ODP ? Open and Distributed Processing na definição de… (more)

Mário Roberto Bastos

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

2011 Annual Planning Summary for NNSA, Infrastructure and Environment (NA-50)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The ongoing and projected Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Statements for 2011 and 2012 within NNSA, Infrastructure and Environment (NA-50).

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na na russia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

http://hq.na.gov/default.aspx?L=ITEM&ITEM=17500&CA=30&OT=101...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advanced Simulation & Computing (ASC) Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation (NA-20) Nuclear Cities Initiative (NCI) DOE Sites DOE Callup Directory Energy.Gov Simulation in...

62

O papel da advocacia de estado na gestão pública: análise da política pública energética no Brasil.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??O presente trabalho contém algumas reflexões sobre o papel da advocacia de Estado, na qual está inserida a Advocacia-Geral da União e seus membros de… (more)

Vaz, Tania Patricia de Lara

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

High Energy Density Na-S/NiCl2 Hybrid Battery  

SciTech Connect

High temperature (250-350°C) sodium-beta alumina batteries (NBBs) are attractive energy storage devices for renewable energy integration and other grid related applications. Currently, two technologies are commercially available in NBBs, e.g., sodium-sulfur (Na-S) battery and sodium-metal halide (ZEBRA) batteries. In this study, we investigated the combination of these two chemistries with a mixed cathode. In particular, the cathode of the cell consisted of molten NaAlCl4 as a catholyte and a mixture of Ni, NaCl and Na2S as active materials. During cycling, two reversible plateaus were observed in cell voltage profiles, which matched electrochemical reactions for Na-S and Na-NiCl2 redox couples. An irreversible reaction between sulfur species and Ni was identified during initial charge at 280°C, which caused a decrease in cell capacity. The final products on discharge included Na2Sn with 1< n < 3, which differed from Na2S3 found in traditional Na-S battery. Reduction of sulfur in the mixed cathode led to an increase in overall energy density over ZEBRA batteries. Despite of the initial drop in cell capacity, the mixed cathode demonstrated relatively stable cycling with more than 95% of capacity retained over 60 cycles under 10mA/cm2. Optimization of the cathode may lead to further improvements in battery performance.

Lu, Xiaochuan; Lemmon, John P.; Kim, Jin Yong; Sprenkle, Vincent L.; Yang, Zhenguo (Gary) [Gary

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

64

Electrodeposition of PbTe Thermoelectric Materials in NaOH Solutions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dissolution Kinetics of Steelmaking Slag and Its Promotion for the Growth of Algae · Electrodeposition of PbTe Thermoelectric Materials in NaOH Solutions.

65

Validação externa da metodologia de análise focada na decisão : o caso da "SEAB Paraná".  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Esta pesquisa tem como objetivo validar externamente a Metodologia da Análise Focada na Decisão (AFD) desenvolvida por Santos, Becker e Fisher (1998) a partir do… (more)

Luiz Roberto de Souza

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Migração silenciosa. Marcas do pensamento estético do Extremo Oriente na poesia portuguesa contemporânea.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Na viragem do séc. XIX para o séc. XX, sobretudo através de Wenceslau de Moraes e de Camilo Pessanha, a literatura e a poesia portuguesas… (more)

Almeida, Ana Catarina Dias Nunes de

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Impacto do TPS (Toyota Production System) na performance de empresas do sector automóvel.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??O presente trabalho pretende demonstrar que o Sistema de Produção Toyota é na sua essência um Sistema de Gestão do Conhecimento. Sendo composto pela revisão… (more)

Gonçalves, Sérgio Manuel Gago

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

NaNO3-KNO3 Ternary Molten Salts for Parabolic Trough  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Thermodynamic Properties of Novel Low Melting Point LiNO3- NaNO3-KNO3 Ternary Molten Salts for Parabolic Trough Solar Power ...

69

Optimization of Na 0.44 MnO 2 Cathode Material - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Energy Storage: Materials, Systems, and Applications. Presentation Title, Optimization of Na0.44MnO2 Cathode Material for Use in Aqueous ...

70

Study of intradrystalline diffusion in zeolites communication 3. Kinetics of adsorption of trans-2-butene by NaA and NaMgA zeolites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article studies the kinetics of adsorption of trans-2-butene by NaA zeolite with a varying crystal size, microcrystalline granulated NaA zeolite using granules of different sizes, and microcrystalline powdered Na/sub 8/Mg/sub 2/A zeolite. It is shown that the rate of adsorption is determined by the intracrystalline diffusion and that the effect of transfer in the transport pores and the final rate of dissipation of the heat of adsorption can be neglected. In adsorption of trans-2-butene by Na/sub 8/Mg/sub 2/A zeolite with a stepwise change in the pressure of the adsorbate, the kinetic curves are satisfactorily described by an internal diffusion equation for the kinetics of isothermal adsorption. The kinetics of adsorption were studied at 303 degrees K from the one-component vapor phase on a vacuum adsorption setup using quartz spring balance.

Broddak, R.; Dubinin, M.M.; Falko, L.A.; Gorlov, V.A.; Kuhlmann, B.; Scholner, E.; Voloshchuk, A.M.

1985-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

71

Modeling of Hydrogen Storage Materials: A Reactive Force Field for NaH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is the fall in potential energy surface during heating. Keywords: hydrogen storage, reactive force fieldModeling of Hydrogen Storage Materials: A Reactive Force Field for NaH Ojwang' J.G.O.*, Rutger van governing hydrogen desorption in NaH. During the abstraction process of surface molecular hydrogen charge

Goddard III, William A.

72

A New Improved Na-K Geothermometer By Artificial Neural Networks | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Improved Na-K Geothermometer By Artificial Neural Networks Improved Na-K Geothermometer By Artificial Neural Networks Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A New Improved Na-K Geothermometer By Artificial Neural Networks Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: A new Na/K geothermometer equation has been developed. The temperature function is:Concentrations are in mg/kg. The new improved geothermometer equation was developed by artificial neural networks. The normalized mean square error (NMSE) used in the new improved Na/K equation for temperatures ranging from 94 to 345°C is 0.179, which is lower than the corresponding NMSE 0.226, 0.598, 0.656, 0.268, 0.328 and 0.225 for the equations of Arnorsson et al. (1983; Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 47, 567-577), Truesdell (1975; Proc. 2nd UN Symposium), Tonani (1980; Proc. Adv. Eur.

73

Application Of An Artificial Neural Network Model To A Na-K Geothermometer  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Application Of An Artificial Neural Network Model To A Na-K Geothermometer Application Of An Artificial Neural Network Model To A Na-K Geothermometer Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Application Of An Artificial Neural Network Model To A Na-K Geothermometer Details Activities (3) Areas (2) Regions (0) Abstract: A new geothermometer model is proposed by applying data obtained from a known Na-K geothermometer to an artificial neural network. In this model, Na and K values were implemented as input signals and geothermometers as the output signal. Multi-layer perceptrons and back propagation were used as training algorithms for the artificial neural network. Reservoir temperatures of some geothermal fields in Turkey determined by this method are in accord with those determined from other methods.

74

" East North Central",21.3,"NA",26,27.6,29,32.4  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Number of Vehicles, Selected Survey Years (Millions)" Number of Vehicles, Selected Survey Years (Millions)" ,"Survey Years" ,1983,1985,1988,1991,1994,2001 "Total",129.3,137.3,147.5,151.2,156.8,191 "Household Characteristics" "Census Region and Division" " Northeast",23.9,"NA",26.6,27,26.6,31.7 " New England",6.6,"NA",6.6,6.5,7.6,10 " Middle Atlantic ",17.3,"NA",20.1,20.5,19,21.7 " Midwest ",32.5,"NA",37.8,38.4,41.1,47.1 " East North Central",21.3,"NA",26,27.6,29,32.4 " West North Central ",11.3,"NA",11.8,10.8,12.1,14.7 " South",45.1,"NA",50.6,52.7,56,70.2 " South Atlantic",22.2,"NA",25.9,26.6,28.4,38.8

75

" East North Central",751,"NA",539,650,639,792.21608  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Fuel Expenditures per Vehicle, Selected Survey Years (Nominal Dollars) " Fuel Expenditures per Vehicle, Selected Survey Years (Nominal Dollars) " ,"Survey Years" ,1983,1985,1988,1991,1994,2001 "Total",736,722,550,650,668,787 "Household Characteristics" "Census Region and Division" " Northeast",731,"NA",532,660,647,766.42074 " New England",706,"NA",526,687,637,810.19092 " Middle Atlantic ",740,"NA",534,651,651,746.41162 " Midwest ",738,"NA",539,651,644,792.60265 " East North Central",751,"NA",539,650,639,792.21608 " West North Central ",714,"NA",538,654,656,793.45498 " South",758,"NA",575,663,673,775.63816 " South Atlantic",772,"NA",559,639,676,755.54606

76

" East North Central",627,"NA",550,553,574,585.28553  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Fuel Consumption per Vehicle, Selected Survey Years (Gallons) " Fuel Consumption per Vehicle, Selected Survey Years (Gallons) " ,"Survey Years" ,1983,1985,1988,1991,1994,2001 "Total",621,611,559,548,578,592 "Household Characteristics" "Census Region and Division" " Northeast",609,"NA",525,523,545,571.15003 " New England",582,"NA",517,541,542,585.83989 " Middle Atlantic ",619,"NA",528,517,545,564.4347 " Midwest ",620,"NA",550,554,580,588.14092 " East North Central",627,"NA",550,553,574,585.28553 " West North Central ",607,"NA",550,557,592,594.43665 " South",644,"NA",585,566,598,615.25944 " South Atlantic",647,"NA",563,542,601,602.53752

77

Investigation of the Effects of Biodiesel-based Na on Emissions Control Components  

SciTech Connect

A single-cylinder diesel engine was used to investigate the impact of biodiesel-based Na on emissions control components using specially blended 20% biodiesel fuel (B20). The emissions control components investigated were a diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC), a Cu-zeolite-based NH{sub 3}-SCR (selective catalytic reduction) catalyst, and a diesel particulate filter (DPF). Both light-duty vehicle, DOC-SCR-DPF, and heavy-duty vehicle, DOC-DPF-SCR, emissions control configurations were employed. The accelerated Na aging is achieved by introducing elevated Na levels in the fuel, to represent full useful life exposure, and periodically increasing the exhaust temperature to replicate DPF regeneration. To assess the validity of the implemented accelerated Na aging protocol, engine-aged lean NO{sub x} traps (LNTs), DOCs and DPFs are also evaluated. To fully characterize the impact on the catalytic activity the LNT, DOC and SCR catalysts were evaluated using a bench flow reactor. The evaluation of the aged DOC samples and LNT show little to no deactivation as a result of Na contamination. However, the SCR in the light-duty configuration (DOC-SCR-DPF) was severely affected by Na contamination, especially when NO was the only fed NO{sub x} source. In the heavy-duty configuration (DOC-DPF-SCR), no impact is observed in the SCR NO{sub x} reduction activity. Electron probe micro-analysis (EPMA) reveals that Na contamination on the LNT, DOC, and SCR samples is present throughout the length of the catalysts with a higher concentration on the washcoat surface. In both the long-term engine-aged DPF and the accelerated Na-aged DPFs, there is significant Na ash present in the upstream channels; however, in the engine-aged sample lube oil-based ash is the predominant constituent.

Brookshear, D. William [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Nguyen, Ke [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Toops, Todd J [ORNL; Bunting, Bruce G [ORNL; Howe, Janet E [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Formation, stability and mobility of self-trapped excitations in NaI and NaI1-xTIx from first principles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present ab initio calculations studying the formation, mobility, and stability of self trapped excitons (STE) and self trapped holes (STH) and electrons in NaI and NaI(Tl). While previously proposed models assumed a highly mobile STE and a slower STH, we find that both carriers in pure NaI have similar mobilities, with an activation energy of about 0.2 eV. We propose an alternate interpretation of experimental record including a new migration mechanism for the STE. In the Tl-doped material excitons preferentially trap at dopants, inducing off center distortions that have a structure unlike an STE providing a mechanism for light emission at multiple wavelengths. The calculated results are generally in excellent agreement with available data.

Prange, Micah P.; Van Ginhoven, Renee M.; Govind, Niranjan; Gao, Fei

2013-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

79

Site-specific force-distance characteristics on NaCl(001): Measurements versus atomistic simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A scanning force microscope was used to measure the frequency shift above various atomic sites on a NaCl(001) surface at 7 K. The data was converted to force and compared to the results of atomistic simulations using model NaCl and MgO tips. We find that the NaCl tip demonstrates better agreement in the magnitude of the forces in experiments, supporting the observation that the tip first came into contact with the sample. Using the MgO tip as a model of the originally oxidized silicon tip, we further demonstrate a possible mechanism for tip contamination at low temperatures.

Lantz, M. A.; Hoffmann, R.; Hidber, H. R. [Institute of Physics, University of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 82, CH-4056 Basel (Switzerland); Foster, A. S. [Laboratory of Physics, Helsinki University of Technology, P.O. Box 1100, 02015 HUT (Finland); Baratoff, A.; Hug, H. J.; Guentherodt, H.-J. [Institute of Physics, University of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 82, CH-4056 Basel (Switzerland); National Center of Competence in Research (NCCR) on Nanoscale Science, University of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 82, CH-4056 Basel (Switzerland)

2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

80

Coupled left-shift of Nav channels: modeling the Na+-loading and dysfunctional excitability of damaged axons  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Injury to neural tissue renders voltage-gated Na+ (Nav) channels leaky. Even mild axonal trauma initiates Na+ -loading, leading to secondary Ca2+-loading and white matter degeneration. The nodal isoform is Nav1.6 ... Keywords: Arrhythmia, Diffuse axonal injury, Extracellular space, Hodgkin-Huxley, Myelinated, Na/K-ATPase, Neuropathic pain

Pierre-Alexandre Boucher; Béla Joós; Catherine E. Morris

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na na russia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Program on Technology Innovation: Advanced Sodium Sulfur (NaS) Battery Energy Storage System - 2006 Annual Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although sodium sulfur (NaS) batteries have begun to be commercialized in Japan, market development of NaS batteries in the United States has lacked a full-scale commercial demonstration. This report describes one of the first U.S. commercial NaS application efforts and details its technical aspects.

2007-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

82

High capacity, reversible alloying reactions in SnSb/C nanocomposites for Na-ion battery applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new SnSb/C nanocomposite based on Na alloying reactions is demonstrated as anode for Na-ion battery applications. The electrode can achieve an exceptionally high capacity (544 mA h g{sup -1}, almost double that of intercalation carbon materials), good rate capacity and cyclability (80% capacity retention over 50 cycles) for Na-ion storage.

Xiao, Lifen; Cao, Yuliang; Xiao, Jie; Wang, Wei; Kovarik, Libor; Nie, Zimin; Liu, Jun

2012-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

83

NNSA selects Lindsey VanNess as NA-00 Inaugural Employee of the Year |  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

selects Lindsey VanNess as NA-00 Inaugural Employee of the Year | selects Lindsey VanNess as NA-00 Inaugural Employee of the Year | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > NNSA selects Lindsey VanNess as NA-00 Inaugural ... NNSA selects Lindsey VanNess as NA-00 Inaugural Employee of the Year Posted By Office of Public Affairs

84

Dynamics and Thermodynamics of a Novel Phase of NaAlH[subscript 4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We characterize a novel orthorhombic phase (?) of NaAlH[subscript 4], discovered using first-principles molecular dynamics, and discuss its relevance to the dehydrogenation mechanism. This phase is close in energy to the ...

Wood, Brandon C.

85

An Empirical Na-K-Ca Geothermometer For Natural Waters | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Empirical Na-K-Ca Geothermometer For Natural Waters Empirical Na-K-Ca Geothermometer For Natural Waters Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: An Empirical Na-K-Ca Geothermometer For Natural Waters Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: An empirical method of estimating the last temperature of water-rock interaction has been devised. It is based upon molar Na, K and Ca concentrations in natural waters from temperature environments ranging from 4 to 340°C. The data for most geothermal waters cluster near a straight line when plotted as the function vs reciprocal of absolute temperature, where Β is either or depending upon whether the water equilibrated above or below 100°C. For most waters tested, the method gives better results than the methods suggested by other workers. The ratio

86

2012 Annual Workforce Analysis and Staffing Plan Report - NNSA for Safety and Health - NA-26  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 Annual Workforce Analysis and Staffing Plan Report Draft as of December 31, 2012 Reporting Office: _NA-26 Office of Fissile Material Disposition at SRS____ Section 1: Current Mission(s) of the Organization and Potential Changes 1. The Office of Fissile Material Disposition (NA-26) is part of the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA). NA-26 supports NNSA Strategic Plan Goal #2, "Provide technical leadership to limit or prevent the spread of materials, technology, and expertise relating to weapons of mass destruction; advance the technologies to detect the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction worldwide, and eliminate or secure inventories of surplus materials and infrastructure usable for nuclear weapons." The NA-26 organization focuses on the safe and secure disposition of

87

Complexation of Am(III) by oxalate in NaClO{sub 4} media  

SciTech Connect

The complexation of Am(III) by oxalate has been investigated in solutions of NaClO{sub 4} up to 9.0 M ionic strength at 25{degrees}C. The dissociation constants of oxalic acid were determined by potentiometric titration, while the stability constants of the Am(III)-oxalate complexation were measured by the solvent extraction technique. A thermodynamic model was constructed to predict the apparent equilibrium constants at different ionic strengths by applying the Pitzer equation using parameters for the Na{sup +}-HOx{sup -}, Na{sup +}-Ox{sup -}, AmOx{sup +}-ClO{sub 4}{sup -}, and Na{sup +}-Am(Ox){sub 2}{sup -} interactions obtained by fitting the data.

Choppin, G.R.; Chen, J.F. [Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL (United States)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

The Accuracy of Voluntary Observing Ships' Meteorological Observations-Results of the VSOP-NA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For the Voluntary Observing Ships Special Observing Project for the North Atlantic (VSOP-NA), the layout, meteorological instrumentation, and observing practices of 45 voluntary observing ships (VOS) operating in the North Atlantic were ...

Elizabeth C. Kent; Peter K. Taylor; Bruce S. Truscott; John S. Hopkins

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Configurational Entropy and Structure of the Molten NaCl-KCl-ZnCl2 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this context, we examine NaCl-KCl-ZnCl2 molten salts and pay particular attention to characterizing the thermodynamics and structure of these liquids in order ...

90

Investigation of Ti-doped NaAlH4 by solid-state NMR  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In recent years, the development of Ti-doped NaAlH{sub 4} as a hydrogen storage material has gained attention because of its large weight percentage of hydrogen ({approx}5%) compared to traditional interstitial hydrides. The addition of transition-metal dopants, in the form of Ti-halides, such as TiCl{sub 3}, dramatically improves the kinetics of the absorption and desorption of hydrogen from NaAlH{sub 4}. However, the role that Ti plays in enhancing the absorption and desorption of H{sub 2} is still unknown. In the present study, {sup 27}Al, {sup 23}Na, and {sup 1}H MAS (Magic Angle Spinning) NMR (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance) has been performed to understand the titanium speciation in Ti-doped NaAlH{sub 4}. All experiments were performed on a sample of crushed single crystals exposed to Ti during growth, a sample of solvent-mixed 4TiCl{sub 3} + 112NaAlH{sub 4}, a reacted sample of solvent-mixed TiCl{sub 3} + {sup 3}NaAlH{sub 4} with THF, and a reacted sample of ball-milled TiCl3 + 3NaAlH{sub 4}. The {sup 27}Al MAS NMR has shown differences in compound formation between solvent-mixed TiCl{sub 3} + 3NaAlH{sub 4} with THF and the mechanically ball-milled TiCl{sub 3} + 3NaAlH{sub 4}. {sup 27}Al MAS NMR of the mechanically ball-milled mixture of fully-reacted TiCl{sub 3} + 3NaAlH{sub 4} showed spectral signatures of TiAl{sub 3} while, the solvent-mixed 4TiCl{sub 3} + 112NaAlH{sub 4}, which is totally reacted, does not show the presences of TiAl{sub 3}, but shows the existence of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}.

Maxwell, R; Majzoub, E; Herberg, J

2003-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

91

Improved MCFC performance with Li/Na/Ba/Ca carbonate electrolyte.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Earlier electrolyte segregation tests of Li/Na carbonate used chemical analysis such as inductively coupled plasma/atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP/AES) of matrix strips wetted with carbonate and exposed to 5- to 20-V potential gradients. A segregation factor was correlated to the Li/Na carbonate composition. While fairly substantial segregation occurs at the eutectic composition of 52% Li, it is minimal at 60% to 75% Li. Such lithium-rich Li/Na carbonates may not be practical because the melting points are too high (i.e., liquidus point is 625 C). By adding calcium and barium to the lithium/sodium carbonates, we were able to lower the melting point and maintain nonsegregating behavior. This work is directed at examining the long-term stability of the quaternary Li/Na/Ba/Ca electrolytes. Electrolyte optimization work evaluates Li/Na ratio and Ba/Ca level to improve cell performance at 320 mA/cm{sup 2} and reduce temperature sensitivity. A number of cells with quaternary Li/Na/Ba/Ca electrolytes ranging from 3 to 5% Ba/Ca have operated well with stable, long-term performance. Congruent melting carbonate is important for commercial development. The best so far is 3.5% Ba/Ca/Na/Li (3.5 mol%/3.5 mol% Ba/Ca) carbonate (m.p. 440 C). Performance at 160 mA/cm{sup 2} is increased up to 150mV as compared with the baseline cell containing the Li/Na eutectic composition. Life stability has been reproduced by a number of bench-scale MCFC test with operations of 2000-4300 h and the electrolyte composition across the matrix little changed.

Centeno, C.-J.; Kaun, T. D.; Krumpelt, M.; Schoeler, A.

1999-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

92

Traduzir o outro oriental:a configuração da figura feminina na literatura portuguesa finissecular:(António Feijó e Wenceslau de Moraes).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??O presente estudo incide sobre a configuração literária da mulher extremo-oriental na obra de dois autores portugueses finisseculares, nomeadamente na recolha de poesias traduzidas que… (more)

Pinto, Marta Pacheco, 1984-

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

O and Na abundance patterns in open clusters of the Galactic disk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aims. A global O-Na abundance anti-correlation is observed in globular clusters, which is not present in the Galactic field population. Open clusters are thought to be chemically homogeneous internally. We aim to explore the O and Na abundance pattern among the open cluster population of the Galactic disk. Methods. We combine open cluster abundance ratios of O and Na from high-resolution spectroscopic studies in the literature and normalize them to a common solar scale. We compare the open cluster abundances against the globular clusters and disk field. Results. We find that the different environments show different abundance patterns. The open clusters do not show the O-Na anti-correlation at the extreme O-depletion / Na-enhancement as observed in globular clusters. Furthermore, the high Na abundances in open clusters do not match the disk field stars. If real, it may be suggesting that the dissolution of present-day open clusters is not a significant contribution to building the Galactic disk. Large-scale h...

De Silva, G M; Lattanzio, J; Asplund, M; 10.1051/0004-6361/200912279

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Na and Li ion diffusion in modified ASTM C 1260 test by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)  

SciTech Connect

In the current study, MRI was applied to investigate lithium and sodium ion diffusion in cement paste and mortars containing inert sand and borosilicate glass. Paste and mortars were treated by complying with ASTM C 1260. Lithium and sodium distribution profiles were collected at different ages after different treatments. Results revealed that sodium ions had a greater diffusion rate than lithium ions, suggesting that Na reaches the aggregate particle surface before Li. Results also showed that Na and Li ions had a competitive diffusion process in mortars; soaking in a solution with higher [Li] favored Li diffusion but hindered Na diffusion. In mortars containing glass, a substantial amount of Li was consumed by the formation of ASR products. When [Li] in soaking solution was reduced to 0.37 N, a distinctive Na distribution profile was observed, indicating the free-state Na ions were continuously transformed to solid reaction products by ASR. Hence, in the modified ASTM C 1260 test, [Li] in the storage solution should be controlled at 0.74 N, in order to completely prevent the consumption of Na ions and thus stop ASR.

Feng, X. [Department of Civil Engineering, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, NB (Canada)], E-mail: XFeng@ctlgroup.com; Balcom, B.J. [MRI Center, Department of Physics, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, NB (Canada); Thomas, M.D.A.; Bremner, T.W. [Department of Civil Engineering, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, NB (Canada)

2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

95

Catalytic Effect of Ti for Hydrogen Cycling in NaAlH4  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Effect of Ti for Effect of Ti for Hydrogen Cycling in NaAlH 4 Mei-Yin Chou School of Physics Georgia Institute of Technology (DE-FG02-05ER46229) Acknowledgment: Yan Wang, Roland Stumpf Why is NaAlH 4 interesting? A viable candidate for hydrogen-storage material: High theoretical weight-percent hydrogen content of 5.55% and low cost But (before 1997) Dehydrogenation occurs at high temperature; rehydrogenation is difficult. Bogdanovic and Schwickardi, 1997 Hydrogen can be reversibly absorbed and desorbed from NaAlH 4 under moderate conditions by the addition of catalysts (compounds containing Ti, Zr, etc.) High Hydrogen Contents in Complex Hydrides Hydride wt% Hydride wt% Be(BH 4 ) 2 20.8 Mg(AlH 4 ) 2 9.3 LiBH 4 18.2 Ca(AlH 4 ) 2 7.9 Mg(BH 4 ) 2 14.9 KBH 4 7.5 Ca(BH 4 ) 2 11.6 NaAlH 4 7.5 NaBH4 10.7 Ga(AlH

96

The behavior of NaOH at the air-water interface, a computational study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Molecular dynamics simulations with a polarizable multi-state empirical valence bond model were carried out to investigate NaOH dissociation and pairing in water bulk and at the air-water interface. It was found that NaOH readily dissociates in the bulk, and the effect of the air-water interface on NaOH dissociation is fairly minor. Also, NaOH complexes were found to be strongly repelled from the air-water interface, which is consistent with surface tension measurements. At the same time, a very strong preference for the hydroxide anion to be oriented towards the air was found that persisted a few angstroms towards the liquid from the Gibbs dividing surface of the air-water interface. This was due to a preference for the hydroxide anion to have its hydrogen pointing towards the air, and the fact that the sodium ion was more likely to be found near the hydroxide oxygen than hydrogen. As a consequence, the simulation results show that surfaces of NaOH solutions should be negatively charged, in agreement with experimental observations, but also that the hydroxide has little surface affinity. This provides the possibility that the surface of water can be devoid of hydroxide anions, but still have a strong negative charge. This work was supported by the US Department of Energy Basic Energy Sciences' Chemical Sciences, Geosciences & Biosciences Division. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is operated by Battelle for the US Department of Energy.

Wick, Collin D.; Dang, Liem X.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

97

THE Na 8200 Angstrom-Sign DOUBLET AS AN AGE INDICATOR IN LOW-MASS STARS  

SciTech Connect

We investigate the use of the gravity sensitive neutral sodium (Na I) doublet at 8183 Angstrom-Sign and 8195 Angstrom-Sign (Na 8200 Angstrom-Sign doublet) as an age indicator for M dwarfs. We measured the Na doublet equivalent width (EW) in giants, old dwarfs, young dwarfs, and candidate members of the {beta} Pic moving group using medium-resolution spectra. Our Na 8200 A doublet EW analysis shows that the feature is useful as an approximate age indicator in M-type dwarfs with (V - K{sub s}) {>=} 5.0, reliably distinguishing stars older and younger than 100 Myr. A simple derivation of the dependence of the Na EW on temperature and gravity supports the observational results. An analysis of the effects of metallicity shows that this youth indicator is best used on samples with similar metallicity. The age estimation technique presented here becomes useful in a mass regime where traditional youth indicators are increasingly less reliable, is applicable to other alkali lines, and will help identify new low-mass members in other young clusters and associations.

Schlieder, Joshua E.; Simon, Michal [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 (United States); Lepine, Sebastien; Rice, Emily [Department of Astrophysics, American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West at 79th Street, New York, NY 10024 (United States); Fielding, Drummond [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, 366 Bloomberg Center, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Tomasino, Rachael, E-mail: michal.simon@stonybrook.edu, E-mail: schlieder@mpia-hd.mpg.de, E-mail: lepine@amnh.org, E-mail: erice@amnh.org, E-mail: dfieldi1@jhu.edu, E-mail: tomas1r@cmich.edu [Department of Physics, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, MI 48859 (United States)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

98

Stripe Correlations in Na{sub 0.75}CoO{sub 2}  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a combined high-energy x-ray diffraction and local-density approximation study of the sodium ordering in Na{sub 0.75}CoO{sub 2}. The obtained results rule out previously proposed Na-ordering models and provide strong evidence for the formation of sodium-density stripes in this material. The local-density approximation calculations prove that the sodium-density stripes lead to a sizable dip in the density of the Co states at the Fermi level, pointing to band structure effects as a driving force for the stripe formation. This indicates that the sodium ordering is connected to stripelike charge correlations within the CoO{sub 2} layers, leading to an astonishing similarity between the doped cuprates and the Na{sub x}CoO{sub 2} compounds.

Geck, J.; Borisenko, S. V.; Eschrig, H.; Koepernik, K.; Knupfer, M.; Buechner, B. [Leibniz Institute for Solid State and Materials Research IFW Dresden, Helmholtzstrasse 20, 01069 Dresden (Germany); Zimmermann, M. v. [Hamburger Synchrotronstrahlungslabor HASYLAB at Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, Notkestrasse 85, 22603 Hamburg (Germany); Berger, H. [Institut de Physique de la Matiere Complex (IPMC), EPF Lausannne, 1015 Lausanne (Switzerland)

2006-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

99

Decontamination and decommissioning plan for processing contaminated NaK at the INEL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This decontamination and decommissioning (D&D) plan describes the work elements and project management plan for processing four containers of contaminated sodium/potassium (NaK) and returning the Army Reentry Vehicle Facility Site (ARVFS) to a reusable condition. The document reflects the management plan for this project before finalizing the conceptual design and preliminary prototype tests of the reaction kinetics. As a result, the safety, environmental, and accident analyses are addressed as preliminary assessments before completion at a later date. ARVFS contains an earth-covered bunker, a cylindrical test pit and metal shed, and a cable trench connecting the two items. The bunker currently stores the four containers of NaK from the meltdown of the EBR-1 Mark II core. The D&D project addressed in this plan involves processing the contaminated NaK and returning the ARVFS to potential reuse after cleanup.

LaRue, D.M.; Dolenc, M.R.

1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Decontamination and decommissioning plan for processing contaminated NaK at the INEL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This decontamination and decommissioning (D D) plan describes the work elements and project management plan for processing four containers of contaminated sodium/potassium (NaK) and returning the Army Reentry Vehicle Facility Site (ARVFS) to a reusable condition. The document reflects the management plan for this project before finalizing the conceptual design and preliminary prototype tests of the reaction kinetics. As a result, the safety, environmental, and accident analyses are addressed as preliminary assessments before completion at a later date. ARVFS contains an earth-covered bunker, a cylindrical test pit and metal shed, and a cable trench connecting the two items. The bunker currently stores the four containers of NaK from the meltdown of the EBR-1 Mark II core. The D D project addressed in this plan involves processing the contaminated NaK and returning the ARVFS to potential reuse after cleanup.

LaRue, D.M.; Dolenc, M.R.

1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na na russia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Caustic Recycle from Hanford Tank Waste Using NaSICON Ceramic Membrane Salt Splitting Process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A family of inorganic ceramic materials, called sodium (Na) Super Ion Conductors (NaSICON), has been studied at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to investigate their ability to separate sodium from radioactively contaminated sodium salt solutions for treating U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) tank wastes. Ceramatec Inc. developed and fabricated a membrane containing a proprietary NAS-GY material formulation that was electrochemically tested in a bench-scale apparatus with both a simulant and a radioactive tank-waste solution to determine the membrane performance when removing sodium from DOE tank wastes. Implementing this sodium separation process can result in significant cost savings by reducing the disposal volume of low-activity wastes and by producing a NaOH feedstock product for recycle into waste treatment processes such as sludge leaching, regenerating ion exchange resins, inhibiting corrosion in carbon-steel tanks, or retrieving tank wastes.

Fountain, Matthew S.; Kurath, Dean E.; Sevigny, Gary J.; Poloski, Adam P.; Pendleton, J.; Balagopal, S.; Quist, M.; Clay, D.

2009-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

102

At-wavelength interferometry of high-NA diffraction-limited EUV optics  

SciTech Connect

Recent advances in all-reflective diffraction-limited optical systems designed for extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography have pushed numerical aperture (NA) values from 0.1 to 0.3, providing Rayleigh resolutions of 27-nm. Worldwide, several high-NA EUV optics are being deployed to serve in the development of advanced lithographic techniques required for EUV lithography, including the creation and testing of new, high-resolution photoresists. One such system is installed on an undulator beamline at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's Advanced Light Source. Sub{angstrom}-accuracy optical testing and alignment techniques, developed for use with the previous generations of EUV lithographic optical systems, are being extended for use at high NA. Considerations for interferometer design and use are discussed.

Goldberg, Kenneth A.; Naulleau, Patrick; Rekawa, Senajith; Denham, Paul; Liddle, J. Alexander; Anderson, Erik; Jackson, Keith; Bokor, Jeffrey; Attwood, David

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

NaK pool-boiler solar receiver durability bench test. Volume 2, Metallurgical analysis  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The principal materials used in the construction of a NaKbased pool-boiler were analyzed. The device, operated for 7500 hours, accumulated 1000 thermal cycles to a peak temperature of 750{degrees}C. Haynes 230, used to fabricate the pool-boiler vessel, was found to perform satisfactorily. Air-side corrosion of the pool-boiler vessel was insignificant. Internal surface of the alloy exhibited some NaK-induced elemental dissolution; this dissolution was somewhat more extensive where the alloy was exposed to the liquid metal compared to regions exposed only to NaK vapor; however, the corresponding metal loss in all regions was inconsequential, never exceeding more than a few microns. Autogenous seam welds of the alloy responded in a similar fashion, exhibiting only minimal metal loss over the course of the experiment. While there was 50% loss in ductility of the alloy there remained adequate ductility for the anticipated operating environment. An enhanced boiling nucleation surface comprised of stainless steel powder brazed to the vessel ID showed no change in its structure. It remained intact, showing no cracking after repeated thermal cycling. Other materials used in the experiment showed more extensive degradation after exposure to the NaK. IN 600, used to fabricate thermowells, exhibited extensive surface and intergranular dissolution. Grain boundary dissolution was sufficiently severe in one of the thermowells to cause an air leak, resulting in experiment termination. BNi-3, a brazing alloy used to join the pool-boiler vessel, endcaps and thermowells, showed some dissolution where it was exposed to the NaK as well as thermal aging effects. However, all brazes remained structurally sound. A nickel metal ribbon showed catastrophic dissolution, resulting in the formation of deep (> 30 {mu}m) pits and cavities. A zirconium metal foil used to getter oxygen from the NaK became extremely brittle.

Goods, S.H.; Bradshaw, R.W. [Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (United States)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Towards a study of the {sup 22}Ne(p,{gamma}){sup 23}Na reaction at LUNA  

SciTech Connect

The {sup 22}Ne(p,{gamma}){sup 23}Na reaction is a part of the hydrogen burning NeNa cycle. In second-generation stars hydrogen burning may proceed via this cycle. The rate of the {sup 22}Ne(p,{gamma}){sup 23}Na reaction depends on the strength of several resonances in the energy range of the LUNA 400 kV accelerator which have never been observed in direct experiments. A related study is under preparation at LUNA.

Cavanna, Francesca; Depalo, Rosanna; Menzel, Marie-Luise [Dipartimento di fisica, Universita di Genova, and INFN Sezione di Genova, Genova (Italy); Dipartimento di fisica, Universita di Padova, and INFN Sezione di Padova, Padova (Italy); Helmholtz Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Dresden (Germany); Collaboration: LUNA Collaboration

2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

105

POST-OPERATIONAL TREATMENT OF RESIDUAL NA COOLLANT IN EBR-2 USING CARBONATION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

At the end of 2002, the Experimental Breeder Reactor Two (EBR-II) facility became a U.S. Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) permitted site, and the RCRA permit1 compelled further treatment of the residual sodium in order to convert it into a less reactive chemical form and remove the by-products from the facility, so that a state of RCRA 'closure' for the facility may be achieved (42 U.S.C. 6901-6992k, 2002). In response to this regulatory driver, and in recognition of project budgetary and safety constraints, it was decided to treat the residual sodium in the EBR-II primary and secondary sodium systems using a process known as 'carbonation.' In early EBR-II post-operation documentation, this process is also called 'passivation.' In the carbonation process (Sherman and Henslee, 2005), the system containing residual sodium is flushed with humidified carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}). The water vapor in the flush gas reacts with residual sodium to form sodium hydroxide (NaOH), and the CO{sub 2} in the flush gas reacts with the newly formed NaOH to make sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO{sub 3}). Hydrogen gas (H{sub 2}) is produced as a by-product. The chemical reactions occur at the exposed surface of the residual sodium. The NaHCO{sub 3} layer that forms is porous, and humidified carbon dioxide can penetrate the NaHCO{sub 3} layer to continue reacting residual sodium underneath. The rate of reaction is controlled by the thickness of the NaHCO{sub 3} surface layer, the moisture input rate, and the residual sodium exposed surface area. At the end of carbonation, approximately 780 liters of residual sodium in the EBR-II primary tank ({approx}70% of original inventory), and just under 190 liters of residual sodium in the EBR-II secondary sodium system ({approx}50% of original inventory), were converted into NaHCO{sub 3}. No bare surfaces of residual sodium remained after treatment, and all remaining residual sodium deposits are covered by a layer of NaHCO{sub 3}. From a safety standpoint, the inventory of residual sodium in these systems was greatly reduced by using the carbonation process. From a regulatory standpoint, the process was not able to achieve deactivation of all residual sodium, and other more aggressive measures will be needed if the remaining residual sodium must also be deactivated to meet the requirements of the existing environmental permit. This chapter provides a project history and technical summary of the carbonation of EBR-II residual sodium. Options for future treatment are also discussed.

Sherman, S.; Knight, C.

2011-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

106

High Thermal Energy Storage Density LiNO3-NaNO3-KNO3-KNO2 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, High Thermal Energy Storage Density LiNO3-NaNO3-KNO3- KNO2 Quaternary Molten Salts for Parabolic Trough Solar Power Generation.

107

O processo de desenvolvimento da fé e a constituição do self na primeira infância, a partir de James William Fowler.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Este trabalho estuda o desenvolvimento da fé e da constituição do self na primeira infância a partir de James W. Fowler. É um estudo psicológico… (more)

Maria Eliane Azevedo da Silva

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Grant Title: WELLS FARGO GRANT PROGRAM Funding Opportunity Number: N/A  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Grant Title: WELLS FARGO GRANT PROGRAM Funding Opportunity Number: N/A Agency/Department: Wells: Organizations with tax-exempt status under Section 501(c)(3) of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code, as well as qualified tribal and governmental agencies, including public school systems. Summary: Wells Fargo makes

Farritor, Shane

109

The luminescence characteristics of CsI(Na) crystal under {alpha} and X/{gamma} excitation  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we study the effective decay time characteristic of CsI(Na) crystal under {sup 239}Pu alpha particle and {sup 137}Cs gamma-ray excitation using a single photon counting decay time measurement system. The measurement system employs a silicon optical fiber to couple and transit single photon. The slow decay time component of CsI(Na) crystal is 460-550 ns. We observe a 15 ns fast decay component under alpha particle excitation. In addition, we find that the primary stage of the falling edge in the decay time curve is non-exponential and drops rapidly when CsI(Na) crystal is excited by {sup 239}Pu alpha particles. Since the high density of self-trapped-excitons (STEs) is produced in alpha particle excitation process, we propose that the fast falling edge is corresponding to the quenching process of STEs which transit with non-radiation in the case of high excitation density. To prove this proposal, we excited the CsI(Na) crystal with sub-nanosecond intensive pulsed X-ray radiation. Our X-ray impinging results show that the fast falling edge also exists under low energy (average 100 keV) bremsstrahlung X-ray excitation.

Liu Jinliang [Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Radiation Detection Research Center, Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710024 (China); Liu Fang [Radiation Detection Research Center, Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710024 (China); School of Nuclear Science and Engineering, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206 (China); Ouyang Xiaoping [Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Radiation Detection Research Center, Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710024 (China); School of Nuclear Science and Engineering, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206 (China); Liu Bin [School of Nuclear Science and Engineering, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206 (China); Chen Liang; Ruan Jinlu; Zhang Zhongbing; Liu Jun [Radiation Detection Research Center, Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710024 (China)

2013-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

110

Electrical Conductivity of the KF-NaF- AlF3 Molten System at Low ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The electrical conductivity of the NaF-KF-AlF3 system at CR=1.3-1.7 was ... Experimental Investigation of Single Bubble Characteristics in a Cold Model of a ... Impact of Amperage Creep on Potroom Busbars and Electrical Insulation: ...

111

Evaluation of NaK as the Primary Coolant for the SNAP II System  

SciTech Connect

An evaluation was made of the use of NaK as the primary coolant for the SNAP-2 system. Pumping-power limitations based on the mercury Rankine cycle are analyzed. Problems pertinent to any design-specification modifications are reviewed.

Wallerstedt, R.

1959-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

112

Temperature induced immiscibility in the NaCl?H[subscript 2]O system at high pressure  

SciTech Connect

High-pressure polymorphs of H{sub 2}O are a major component in many outer planets, extra solar bodies, and icy satellites. This study sought to examine the influence of ionic impurities on the phase stability, thermal expansion, and melting curve of ice VII. Powder diffraction patterns of ice VII formed from pure H{sub 2}O and 5 wt.% NaCl aqueous solutions were taken at room temperature up to 11.1 {+-} 0.3 and 26.6 {+-} 0.4 GPa, respectively. Thermal expansions, {alpha}, of all ice VII samples were recorded and modeled up to the melting point of the samples. Ice VII formed from a NaCl-bearing aqueous solution at pressures greater than 2.2 GPa and less than 500 K can be indexed by ice VII only, whereas at temperatures greater than 500 K, diffraction lines indicative of halite (NaCl) are observed and become more intense with increasing temperature and only disappear at the melting point of the high-pressure ice. This phenomenon was observed in all NaCl-bearing ice samples that were heated to greater than 500 K. The melting curves of ice VII formed from pure H{sub 2}O and a 5 wt.% NaCl aqueous solution suggest that the presence of Na{sup +} and Cl{sup -} in the ice VII structure results in a depression of the melting curve by approximately 40 K. The exsolution of halite from the NaCl-doped ice VII and the depression of the ice VII melting curve suggest that the presence of ionic impurities in ice VII may promote the formation of a self-segregating zone deep within ice-rich bodies. This zone could initiate the formation of solute-rich melt pockets that may ascend toward the surface and result in surface manifestations such as solute-bearing aqueous vents, unexplained domes/diapirism, and/or salt-rich regions.

Frank, M.R.; Scott, H.P.; Maglio, S.J.; Prakapenka, V.B.; Shen, G. (NIU); (CIW); (UC); (Indiana)

2008-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

113

Metastability And Crystal Structure of The Bialkali Complex Metal Hydride NaK(BH4)2  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A new bialkali borohydride, NaK(BH{sub 4}){sub 2}, was synthesized by mechanical milling of NaBH4 and KBH4 in a 1:1 ratio. The synthesis was conducted based on a prediction from a computational screening of hydrogen storage materials suggesting the potential stability of NaK(BH{sub 4}){sub 2}. The new phase was characterized using X-ray diffraction, Raman scattering and magic angle spinning (MAS) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). The Raman measurements indicated B-H vibrations of the (BH{sub 4}){sup -} anion, while magnetic resonance chemical shifts in {sup 23}Na, and {sup 39}K MAS NMR spectra showed new chemical environments for Na and K resulting from the formation of the new bialkali phase. X-ray diffraction spectra indicated a new crystal structure with rhombohedral symmetry, most likely in the space group R3, distinct from the starting materials NaBH{sub 4}, and KBH{sub 4}. Although in-situ XRD measurements indicated the material to be metastable, decomposing to the starting materials NaBH{sub 4} and KBH{sub 4}, the successful synthesis of NaK(BH{sub 4}){sub 2} demonstrates the ability of computational screening to predict candidates for hydrogen storage materials.

Seballos, L; Zhang, J Z; Ronnebro, E; Herberg, J L; Majzoub, E H

2008-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

114

Sodium (Na)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...Ionization state Potential, eV I 5.139 II 47.286 III 71.64 IV 98.91 V 138.39 VI 172.15 VII 208.47 VIII 264.18 IX 299.87 X 1465.091 XI 1648.659...

115

Consistent Data Assimilation of Structural Isotopes: 23Na and 56Fe  

SciTech Connect

A new approach is proposed, the consistent data assimilation, that allows to link the integral data experiment results to basic nuclear parameters employed by evaluators to generate ENDF/B point energy files in order to improve them. Practical examples are provided for the structural materials 23Na and 56Fe. The sodium neutron propagation experiments, EURACOS and JANUS-8, are used to improve via modifications of 23Na nuclear parameters (like scattering radius, resonance parameters, Optical model parameters, Statistical Hauser-Feshbach model parameters, and Preequilibrium Exciton model parameters) the agreement of calculation versus experiments for a series of measured reaction rate detectors slopes. For the 56Fe case the EURACOS and ZPR3 assembly 54 are used. Results have shown inconsistencies in the set of nuclear parameters used so that further investigation is needed. Future work involves comparison of results against a more traditional multigroup adjustments, and extension to other isotope of interest in the reactor community.

Giuseppe Palmiotti

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

MHK Projects/University of Manchester Phase 1 and 2 NaREC | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

University of Manchester Phase 1 and 2 NaREC University of Manchester Phase 1 and 2 NaREC < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":55.1294,"lon":-1.50652,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

117

2011 Annual Workforce Analysis and Staffing Plan Report - NNSA HQ NA-10  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

printed 2/17/2012 2:23:00 PM Page 1 of 8 printed 2/17/2012 2:23:00 PM Page 1 of 8 Annual Workforce Analysis and Staffing Plan Report As of December 31, 2011 Reporting Office: NNSA NA-10 HQ (including NA-15 inputs) Section One: Current Mission(s) of the Organization and Potential Changes NNSA Mission: To strengthen United States security through the military application of nuclear energy. NNSA Vision: To be an integrated nuclear security enterprise operating an efficient and agile nuclear weapons complex, recognized as preeminent in technical leadership and program management. Organizational Changes: NNSA is in the final phase of re-organizing. This plan reflects known changes that resulted from the elimination of the ABQ Service Center and re-distribution of the functions and personnel, some of whom were part of the TQP Program. The plan has also

118

MHK Projects/Ocean Navitas NaREC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Navitas NaREC Navitas NaREC < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":55.1294,"lon":-1.50652,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

119

OFFICE OF CIVIL RIGHTS NA-1.2 VIDEO LIBRARY Item Title  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

OFFICE OF CIVIL RIGHTS NA-1.2 OFFICE OF CIVIL RIGHTS NA-1.2 VIDEO LIBRARY Item # Title # of copies DVD / CD Length Year Publisher 1 A Clear Picture - Harassment in the Public Sector- Una Imagen Clara Acosoen el Sector Publico 1 DVD 2008 Coastal Training Technologies Corp. A Dupont Company 2 Harassment Hurts: It's Personal 1 DVD 16 min 2009 ATS Media 3 Harassment Is .. (government version) 1 DVD 21 min 2005 Coastal Training Technologies Corp. A Dupont Company 4 Harassment Made Simple 1 DVD 6 min 2011 TrainingABC 5 Harassment Training for Supervisors: Let's Face It. Capacitaci ón contra el Hostigamiento para Supervisores Enfrent émoslo 1 DVD 58 min 2007 Coastal Training Technologies Corp. A Dupont Company 6 It's UP to You: Stopping Sexual Harassment for Managers 1 DVD 27 min 2005 ATS Media 7 OpenLines: Exploring Harassment

120

Spectral Content of 22Na/44Ti Decay Data: Implications for a Solar Influence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report a reanalysis of data on the measured decay rate ratio $^{22}$Na/$^{44}$Ti which were originally published by Norman et al., and interpreted as supporting the conventional hypothesis that nuclear decay rates are constant and not affected by outside influences. We find upon a more detailed analysis of both the amplitude and the phase of the Norman data that they actually favor the presence of an annual variation in $^{22}$Na/$^{44}$Ti, albeit weakly. Moreover, this conclusion holds for a broad range of parameters describing the amplitude and phase of an annual sinusoidal variation in these data. The results from this and related analyses underscore the growing importance of phase considerations in understanding the possible influence of the Sun on nuclear decays. Our conclusions with respect to the phase of the Norman data are consistent with independent analyses of solar neutrino data obtained at Super-Kamiokande-I and the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO).

Daniel O'Keefe; Brittany L. Morreale; Robert H. Lee; John B. Buncher; Ephraim Fischbach; Tom Gruenwald; Jere H. Jenkins; Daniel Javorsek II; Peter A. Sturrock

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na na russia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

High Density Hydrogen Storage System Demonstration Using NaAlH4 Based Complex Compound Hydrides  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This final report describes the motivations, activities and results of the hydrogen storage independent project "High Density Hydrogen Storage System Demonstration Using NaAlH4 Based Complex Compound Hydrides" performed by the United Technologies Research Center under the Department of Energy Hydrogen Program, contract # DE-FC36-02AL67610. The objectives of the project were to identify and address the key systems technologies associated with applying complex hydride materials, particularly ones which differ from those for conventional metal hydride based storage. This involved the design, fabrication and testing of two prototype systems based on the hydrogen storage material NaAlH4. Safety testing, catalysis studies, heat exchanger optimization, reaction kinetics modeling, thermochemical finite element analysis, powder densification development and material neutralization were elements included in the effort.

Daniel A. Mosher; Xia Tang; Ronald J. Brown; Sarah Arsenault; Salvatore Saitta; Bruce L. Laube; Robert H. Dold; Donald L. Anton

2007-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

122

Defective graphene as promising anode material for Na-ion battery and Ca-ion battery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have investigated adsorption of Na and Ca on graphene with divacancy (DV) and Stone-Wales (SW) defect. Our results show that adsorption is not possible on pristine graphene. However, their adsorption on defective sheet is energetically favorable. The enhanced adsorption can be attributed to the increased charge transfer between adatoms and underlying defective sheet. With the increase in defect density until certain possible limit, maximum percentage of adsorption also increases giving higher battery capacity. For maximum possible DV defect, we can achieve maximum capacity of 1459 mAh/g for Na-ion batteries (NIBs) and 2900 mAh/g for Ca-ion batteries (CIBs). For graphene full of SW defect, we find the maximum capacity of NIBs and CIBs is around 1071 mAh/g and 2142 mAh/g respectively. Our results will help create better anode materials with much higher capacity and better cycling performance for NIBs and CIBs.

Datta, Dibakar; Shenoy, Vivek B

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

The use Na, Li, K cations for modification of ZSM-5 zewolite to control hydrocarbon cold-start emission  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper addresses the problem of controlling hydrocarbon emissions from cold-start of engines by investigating the adsorbents which could adsorb the hydrocarbons at cold temperatures and hold them to 250-300 ?. The materials, that has been studied, are based on the modification of ZSM-5 (SiO{sub 2}/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} = 35) zeolite with Li, K, Na cations. It has been shown that the introduction of Li, Na and K in an amount that is equivalent to the content of Al in zeolite results in occurrence of toluene temperature desorption peaks at high-temperatures. The toluene temperature desorption curves for 5%Li-ZSM-5 and 2.3%Na-ZSM-5 zeolites are identical and have peak toluene desorption rate between 200 to 400 ?. Upon analysis of toluene adsorption isotherms for 2.3%Na-ZSM-5 and 5%Li-ZSM-5, it was concluded that the toluene diffusion inside of the modified zeolites channels is extremely slow and the sorption capacity of 2.3%Na-ZSM-5 is higher than with 5%Li-ZSM-5. The 2.3%Na-ZSM-5 didn't change toluene temperature programmed desorption (TPD) rate of curve after the treatment in environment with 10% ?{sub 2}? at 750-800 ? for about 28 h. The 2.3%Na-ZSM-5 zeolite is very promising as adsorbent to control the cold-start hydrocarbon emissions.

Golubeva V.; Rohatgi U.; Korableva, A.; Anischenko, O.; Kustov, L.; Nissenbaum, V; Viola, M.B.

2012-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

124

Honeywell FM&T, LLC Contract No. DE-NA0000622  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

FM&T, LLC FM&T, LLC Contract No. DE-NA0000622 Modification No. 016 Page 2 of 10 1. Part II - Contract Clauses. The following Section I clause is revised and replaced in its entirety as follows: I-11 52.204-4 PRINTED OR COPIED DOUBLE-SIDED ON POSTCONSUMER FIBER CONTENT PAPER (MAY 2011) (a) Definitions. As used in this clause- "Postconsumer fiber" means- (1) Paper, paperboard, and fibrous materials from retail stores, office

125

1 MW / 7.2 MWh NaS Battery Demonstration and Case Study Update  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The New York Power Authority (NYPA), working together with the Metropolitan Transit Authority Long Island Bus (LIB) Company, has installed an advanced sodium sulfur battery energy storage system (NaS BESS) at the LIB facility located at 700 Commercial Avenue, Garden City, New York. The BESS is capable of providing a nominal 1MW of power to the bus fueling compressor station for 6-8 hours per day, 7 days per week.

2009-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

126

High-statistics measurement of the beta-delayed alpha spectrum of 20Na  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A measurement of the 20Na beta-delayed alpha spectrum with a high-granularity set-up has allowed the decay scheme to be revised on several points. Three new transitions of low intensity are found at low alpha-particle energy. An R-matrix fit of the complete spectrum gives an improved description of the decay and indicates feeding to the broad 2^+ alpha-cluster state close to 9 MeV.

K. L. Laursen; O. S. Kirsebom; H. O. U. Fynbo; A. Jokinen; M. Madurga; K. Riisager.; A. Saastamoinen; O. Tengblad; J. Äysto

2013-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

127

Efficiency Calibration Using HEU Standards of 2-Inch by 2-Inch NaI Detector  

SciTech Connect

The Analytical Development Section of SRTC was requested by the Facilities Disposition Division (FDD) to determine the holdup of highly enriched uranium (HEU) in the 321-M facility as part of an overall deactivation project of the facility. The 321-M facility was used to fabricate enriched uranium fuel assemblies, lithium-aluminum target tubes, neptunium assemblies, and miscellaneous components for the production reactors. The facility also includes the 324-M storage building and the passageway connecting it to 321-M. The results of the holdup assays are essential for determining compliance with the solid waste Waste Acceptance Criteria, Material Control and Accountability, and to meet criticality safety controls. Two measurement systems will be used to determine HEU holdup: One is a portable EG and G Dart system that contains Gamma-Vision software to support a Multichannel Analyzer (MCA) card, high voltage power, and space to store and manipulate multiple 4096-channel gamma-ray spect ra. The other is a 2-inch x 2-inch NaI crystal with an MCA that uses a portable computer with a Canberra NaI plus card installed. This card converts the PC to a full function MCA and contains the ancillary electronics, high voltage power supply and amplifier, required for data acquisition. This report will discuss the calibration of the 2-inch x 2-inch NaI detector.

Dewberry, R. A.

2000-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

128

NMR Study of the Magnetic and Metal-Insulator Transitions in Na0:5CoO2: A Nesting Scenario J. Bobroff,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NMR Study of the Magnetic and Metal-Insulator Transitions in Na0:5CoO2: A Nesting Scenario J, France (Received 22 July 2005; published 13 March 2006) Co and Na NMR are used to probe the local have performed a 59Co and 23Na NMR study which allows us to differentiate the two Co sites and to give

Paris-Sud 11, Université de

129

Crystal structure of new synthetic Ca,Na carbonate-borate Ca{sub 2}Na(Na{sub x}Ca{sub 0.5-x})[B{sub 3}{sup t}B{sub 2}{sup {delta}}O{sub 8}(OH)(O{sub 1-x}OH{sub x})](CO{sub 3})  

SciTech Connect

New Ca,Na carbonate-borate Ca{sub 2}Na(Na{sub x}Ca{sub 0.5-x}) [B{sub 3}{sup t}B{sub 2}{sup {Delta}}O{sub 8}(OH)(O{sub 1-x}OH{sub x})](CO{sub 3}) crystals (x {approx} 0.4) have been synthesized by the hydrothermal method in the Ca(OH){sub 2}-H{sub 3}BO{sub 3}-Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3}-NaCl-system at t = 250 Degree-Sign C and P = 70-80 atm; the structure parameters are found to be a = 11.1848(3) Angstrom-Sign , b = 6.4727(2) Angstrom-Sign , c = 25.8181(7) Angstrom-Sign , {beta} = 96.364(3) Degree-Sign , V = 1857.60(9) Angstrom-Sign {sup 3}, sp. gr. C2/c, Z = 8, and {rho}{sub calcd} = 2.801 g/cm{sup 3} (Xcalibur S autodiffractometer (CCD), 2663 reflections with I > 2{sigma} (I), direct solution, refinement by the least-squares method in the anisotropic approximation of thermal atomic vibrations, hydrogen localization, R{sub 1} = 0.0387). The structure is based on boron-oxygen layers of pentaborate radicals 5(2{Delta} + 3T). Ca and Na polyhedra and CO{sub 3} triangles are located between the layers. A crystallochemical analysis of the new Ca,Na carbonate-borate has established its similarity to natural Na,Ca pentaborates (heidornite and tuzlaite) and synthetic Na,Ba-decaborate.

Yamnova, N. A., E-mail: natalia-yamnova@yandex.ru; Borovikova, E. Yu.; Gurbanova, O. A.; Dimitrova, O. V.; Zubkova, N. V. [Moscow State University (Russian Federation)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

130

Precision mass measurements of very short-lived, neutron-rich Na isotopes using a radiofrequency spectrometer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mass measurements of high precision have been performed on sodium isotopes out to $^{30}$Na using a new technique of radiofrequency excitation of ion trajectories in a homogeneous magnetic field. This method, especially suited to very short-lived nuclides, has allowed us to significantly reduce the uncertainty in mass of the most exotic Na isotopes: a relative error of 5\\audi was achieved for $^{28}$Na having a half-life of only 30.5 ms and 9\\audi for the weakly produced $^{30}$Na. Verifying and minimizing binding energy uncertainties in this region of the nuclear chart is important for clarification of a long standing problem concerning the strength of the $N~=~20$ magic shell closure. These results are the fruit of the commissioning of the new experimental program Mistral.

Lunney, M D; Doubre, H; Henry, S; Monsanglant, C; De Saint-Simon, M; Thibault, C; Toader, C F; Borcea, C; Bollen, G

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Electrochemical and structural characterization of titanium-substituted manganese oxides based on Na0.44MnO2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by heating them in a molten salt- mixture of 68-mol% LiNOtakes place during the molten salt exchange. Because the850° C. c) prepared by molten salt exchange of Na x Ti y Mn

Doeff, Marca M.; Richardson, Thomas J.; Hwang, Kwang-Taek

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Lasing on the D lines of sodium pumped by free{yields}free transitions of Na-Xe collision pairs  

SciTech Connect

Lasing on the D{sub 1} and D{sub 2} lines of Na (589.6 and 589.0 nm, respectively) has been generated simultaneously by photoexciting free{yields}free transitions of thermal Na-Xe collision pairs. Pumping the blue satellite of the Na D{sub 2} line in Na/Xe mixtures ({lambda} Almost-Equal-To 560 nm) selectively interacts with Na-Xe pairs having an instantaneous internuclear separation of {approx}5 A and culminates in the population of both Na (3{sup 2}P{sub J}) fine structure levels. The spectral width of the laser excitation spectrum is 1.3 nm (centered at 560.1 nm) and the 3{sup 2}P{sub 3/2}{yields}3{sup 2}S{sub 1/2} (D{sub 2}) laser linewidth was measured to be 9.2 {+-} 0.6 GHz, which is consistent with a coefficient of 18.4 MHz/Torr for broadening of the D{sub 2} 589.0 nm transition by Xe.

Hewitt, J. D.; Eden, J. G. [Laboratory for Optical Physics and Engineering, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States)

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

133

Effect of rare earth ions on the phase transition of Na sub 2 SO sub 4 crystals  

SciTech Connect

The V {r reversible} I phase transition of Na{sub 2}SO{sub 4} crystals was investigated on a sample of pure Na{sub 2}SO{sub 4} and on rare-earth ion (Ln{sup 3+} = La{sup 3+}, Eu{sup 3+}, Tm{sup 3+})-doped Na{sub 2}SO{sub 4} samples in various ambient gases (O{sub 2}, N{sub 2}, NH{sub 3}) with high temperature X-ray diffraction and differential thermal analysis. On heating in N{sub 2} flow, the initiating temperature for the V {yields} I transition was lowered by doping with Ln{sup 3+} ion and the doping effect was enhanced by an increase in the ionic size ratio r{sub Ln{sup 3+}}/r{sub Na{sup +}}. The low temperature form of the solid solution (LSS) Na{sub 2}SO{sub 4} and rare earth sulfate, which was a by-product in the preparation of the Ln{sup 3+}-doped samples, transformed to a high temperature form (HSS) after the V {yields} I transition, and the initiating temperature for the LSS {yields} HSS transition was highest in the Eu{sup 3+}-doped sample (r{sub Ln{sup 3+}}/r{sub Na{sup +}} {approx equal} 1).

Ohta, Masatoshi; Sakaguchi, Masakazu (Niigata Univ. (Japan))

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

NA-42 TI Shared Software Component Library FY2011 Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The NA-42 TI program initiated an effort in FY2010 to standardize its software development efforts with the long term goal of migrating toward a software management approach that will allow for the sharing and reuse of code developed within the TI program, improve integration, ensure a level of software documentation, and reduce development costs. The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) has been tasked with two activities that support this mission. PNNL has been tasked with the identification, selection, and implementation of a Shared Software Component Library. The intent of the library is to provide a common repository that is accessible by all authorized NA-42 software development teams. The repository facilitates software reuse through a searchable and easy to use web based interface. As software is submitted to the repository, the component registration process captures meta-data and provides version control for compiled libraries, documentation, and source code. This meta-data is then available for retrieval and review as part of library search results. In FY2010, PNNL and staff from the Remote Sensing Laboratory (RSL) teamed up to develop a software application with the goal of replacing the aging Aerial Measuring System (AMS). The application under development includes an Advanced Visualization and Integration of Data (AVID) framework and associated AMS modules. Throughout development, PNNL and RSL have utilized a common AMS code repository for collaborative code development. The AMS repository is hosted by PNNL, is restricted to the project development team, is accessed via two different geographic locations and continues to be used. The knowledge gained from the collaboration and hosting of this repository in conjunction with PNNL software development and systems engineering capabilities were used in the selection of a package to be used in the implementation of the software component library on behalf of NA-42 TI. The second task managed by PNNL is the development and continued maintenance of the NA-42 TI Software Development Questionnaire. This questionnaire is intended to help software development teams working under NA-42 TI in documenting their development activities. When sufficiently completed, the questionnaire illustrates that the software development activities recorded incorporate significant aspects of the software engineering lifecycle. The questionnaire template is updated as comments are received from NA-42 and/or its development teams and revised versions distributed to those using the questionnaire. PNNL also maintains a list of questionnaire recipients. The blank questionnaire template, the AVID and AMS software being developed, and the completed AVID AMS specific questionnaire are being used as the initial content to be established in the TI Component Library. This report summarizes the approach taken to identify requirements, search for and evaluate technologies, and the approach taken for installation of the software needed to host the component library. Additionally, it defines the process by which users request access for the contribution and retrieval of library content.

Knudson, Christa K.; Rutz, Frederick C.; Dorow, Kevin E.

2011-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

135

Improved container electrode coatings for Na/S battery systems. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Current sodium sulfur (Na/S) battery systems utilize the fast ion conducting properties of sodium beta{double_prime}-alumina electrolyte (BASE) to create high energy density sodium-sulfur electrochemical cells which can be used as components of secondary batteries. Since the days when these cells were invented at the Ford Motor Company Scientific Laboratory by J.T. Kummer and N. Weber, problems with container electrode corrosion have troubled the Na/S systems that have been developed in the many laboratories. In an unpublished investigation carried out at the Ford Motor Company laboratory, it was shown that titanium nitride films sputter deposited onto aluminum substrates under the appropriate conditions can exhibit excellent resistance to corrosion by sodium polysulfide melts. In the work carried out here, the corrosion resistant properties of TiN coatings sputter deposited on Al substrates have been investigated. TiN sputter coated aluminum samples were tested under static conditions in sodium sulfide melts and in Na/S cells under the range of electrochemical conditions needed for battery operation. The sputter deposited coatings produced in these experiments exhibited satisfactory corrosion resistance in the static tests but degraded under full cell operation. Tests of TiN coatings deposited by reactive ion-plating (IP), a common commercial process, showed excellent corrosion and electrical performance in both static and complete cell testing. Charge/discharge testing of sulfur core cells with IP coatings for over 350 cycles to 70 % depth of discharge has shown only very minor changes in cell performance and the tests are continuing.

Hunt, T.K. [Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Applications Development Dept.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Preparations for EUV interferometry of the 0.3 NA MET optic  

SciTech Connect

An at-wavelength interferometer is being created for the measurement and alignment of the 0.3 numerical aperture Micro Exposure Tool projection optic at EUV wavelengths. The prototype MET system promises to provide early learning from EUV lithographic imaging down to 20-nm feature size. The threefold increase to 0.3 NA in the image-side numerical aperture presents several challenges for the extension of ultra-high-accuracy interferometry, including pinhole fabrication and the calibration and removal of systematic error sources.

Goldberg, Kenneth A.; Naulleau, Patrick P.; Denham, Paul E.; Rekawa, Senajith B.; Jackson, Keith H.; Liddle, J. Alexander; Harteneck, Bruce; Gullikson, Eric; Anderson, Erik H.

2003-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

137

Electronic Reconstruction through the Structural and Magnetic Transitions in Detwinned NaFeAs  

SciTech Connect

We use angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy to study twinned and detwinned iron pnictide compound NaFeAs. Distinct signatures of electronic reconstruction are observed to occur at the structural (T{sub S}) and magnetic (T{sub SDW}) transitions. At T{sub S}, C{sub 4} rotational symmetry is broken in the form of an anisotropic shift of the orthogonal d{sub xz} and d{sub yz} bands. The magnitude of this orbital anisotropy rapidly develops to near completion upon approaching T{sub SDW}, at which temperature band folding occurs via the antiferromagnetic ordering wave vector. Interestingly, the anisotropic band shift onsetting at T{sub S} develops in such a way to enhance the nesting conditions in the C{sub 2} symmetric state, hence is intimately correlated with the long range collinear AFM order. Furthermore, the similar behaviors of the electronic reconstruction in NaFeAs and Ba(Fe{sub 1-x}Co{sub x}){sub 2}As{sub 2} suggests that this rapid development of large orbital anisotropy between T{sub S} and T{sub SDW} is likely a general feature of the electronic nematic phase in the iron pnictides, and the associated orbital fluctuations may play an important role in determining the ground state properties.

Yi, M.; Lu, D.H.; Moore, R.G.; Kihou, K; Lee, C-H; Iyo, A.; Eisaki, H.; Yoshida, T; Fujimori, A; Shen, Z-X

2012-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

138

Thermodynamic modeling of neptunium(V)-acetate complexation in concentrated NaCl media  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The complexation of neptunium(V), Np(V), with the acetate anion, Ac{sup -}, was measured in sodium chloride media to high concentration using an extraction technique. The data were interpreted using the thermodynamic formalism of Pitzer, which is valid to high electrolyte concentrations. A consistent model for the deprotonation constants of acetic acid in NaCl and NaClO{sub 4} media was developed. For the concentrations of acetate expected in a waste repository, only the neutral complex NpO{sub 2}Ac(aq) was important in describing the interactions between the neptunyl ion and acetate. The thermodynamic stability constant log {beta}{sup 0}{sub 101} for the reaction NpO{sub 2}{sup +} + Ac{sup -} {leftrightarrow} NpO{sub 2}Ac was calculated to be 1.46{plus_minus}0.11. This weak complexing behavior between the neptunyl ion and acetate indicates that acetate will not significantly enhance dissolved Np(V) concentrations in ground waters associated with nuclear waste repositories that may contain acetate.

Novak, C.F.; Borkowski, M.; Choppin, G.R.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Thin Porous Metal Sheet-Supported NaA Zeolite Membrane for Water/Ethanol Separation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports preparation and separation testing results of water-selective zeolite membrane, such as NaA (or 4A-type), supported on a robust, porous metal sheet of 50um thickness. The thin sheet support is of large potential for development of a low-cost, inorganic membrane module of high surface area packing density. The porous Ni alloy sheet of micrometer or sub-micrometer mean pore size, which was prepared by a proprietary process, is used to evaluate different zeolite membrane deposition methods and conditions. The membranes are characterized by SEM, XRD and water/ethanol separation tests. Quality NaA zeolite membrane at thickness ethanol separation factor of >10,000 and water permeation flux of about 4 kg/(m2•h) at 75ºC with a feed of 10wt% water in ethanol. The membrane is also demonstrated with good stability in 66-hour continuous testing at 75ºC and 90ºC.

Zhang, Jian; Liu, Wei

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Russia's sorry infrastructure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The loss of the nuclear submarine Kursk and the fire in Moscow's TV tower are indications of an infrastructure in grievous disrepair. The outlook for Russia's technological infrastructure remains grim, experts insist. Almost 70 percent of the population ...

J. Oberg

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na na russia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

NPP Grassland: Kursk, Russia  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

69 Novocheryomushkinskaya Moscow 117418 RUSSIA co Department of Biology and Microbiology South Dakota State University Brookings, SD 57007 U.S.A. Telephone (U.S.A.): +1 (605)...

142

Examination and experimental constraints of the stellar reaction rate factor $N_A $ of the $^{18}$Ne($?$,$p$)$^{21}$Na reaction at temperatures of X-Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The $^{18}$Ne($\\alpha$,$p$)$^{21}$Na reaction is one key for the break-out from the hot CNO-cycles to the $rp$-process. Recent papers have provided reaction rate factors $N_A $ which are discrepant by at least one order of magnitude. The compatibility of the latest experimental results is tested, and a partial explanation for the discrepant $N_A$ is given. A new rate factor is derived from the combined analysis of all available data. The new rate factor is located slightly below the higher rate factor by Matic {\\it et al.}\\ at low temperatures and significantly below at higher temperatures whereas it is about a factor of five higher than the lower rate factor recently published by Salter {\\it et al.}

P. Mohr; A. Matic

2013-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

143

Methods to study event-by-event fluctuations in the NA61/SHINE experiment at the CERN SPS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Theoretical calculations locate the critical point (CP) of strongly interacting matter at energies accessible at the CERN SPS. Event-by-event transverse momentum and multiplicity fluctuations are considered as one of the most important tools to search for the CP. Pilot studies of the energy dependence and the system size dependence of both p{sub T} and multiplicity fluctuations were performed by the NA49 experiment. The NA61/SHINE ion program is a continuation of these efforts. After briefly recalling the essential NA49 results on fluctuations we will discuss the technical methods (removing Non-Target interactions) which we plan to apply for future transverse momentum and multiplicity fluctuation analyses.

Cetner, T., E-mail: Tomasz.Cetner@cern.ch; Grebieszkow, K., E-mail: kperl@if.pw.edu.pl [Warsaw University of Technology, Faculty of Physics (Poland)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

144

Los Alamos National Security, LLC Contract No. DE-AC52-06NA25396  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Los Alamos National Security, LLC Los Alamos National Security, LLC Contract No. DE-AC52-06NA25396 Attachment to Modification No. 150 PART III - SECTION J APPENDIX G October 5, 2010 [Modified by Modification No. A009, A015, A018, A019, A021, A027, M033, M041, M042, M046, M056, M062, M069, M078, M103, M133, 150] LIST OF APPLICABLE DIRECTIVES In addition to the list of applicable directives listed below, the Contractor shall also comply with supplementary directives, (e.g., manuals) which are invoked by a Contractor Requirements Document (CRD) attached to a directive. Electronic copies of these documents are available at the following Websites: http://directives.doe.gov/cqi-bin/currentchecklist http://www.directives,doe.gov/directives/globesearch-adv.html http://www.nnsa.doe.gov/

145

2011 Annual Workforce Analysis and Staffing Plan Report - NNSA HQ NA-70  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Annual Workforce Analysis and Staffing Plan Report Annual Workforce Analysis and Staffing Plan Report As of December 31, 2011 Reporting Office: NNSA NA-70 Section One: Current Mission(s) of the Organization and Potential Changes 1. DNS is the NNSA line management organization responsible for security direction and program management with respect to prioritization of resources, program evaluation, and funding allocation. Key management areas include security operations, resources, engineering, and technical support to NNSA field elements and facilities. Specific subject matter expertise also includes physical and personnel security, protective forces, nuclear materials control and accountability, classified and sensitive information protection, and technical security programs. DNS evaluates the status of protection programs at all NNSA facilities against National policy and

146

High Density Hydrogen Storage Systems Demonstration Using NaAIH4  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Density Hydrogen Storage Density Hydrogen Storage System Demonstration Using NaAlH 4 Complex Compound Hydrides D. Mosher, X. Tang, S. Arsenault, B. Laube, M. Cao, R. Brown, S. Saitta, J. Costello United Technologies Research Center East Hartford, Connecticut Report to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Contract Number: DE-FC36-02AL-67610 December 19, 2006 * * Presented to the DOE and the FreedomCAR & Fuel Partnership Hydrogen Storage Tech Team This presentation does not contain proprietary or confidential information 2 Overview Objective: Identify and overcome the critical technical barriers in developing complex hydride based storage systems, especially those which differ from conventional metal hydride systems, to meet DOE system targets. Approach: Design, fabricate and test a sequence of subscale and full scale

147

2012 Annual Workforce Analysis and Staffing Plan Report - NNSA NA-70  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 7 Annual Workforce Analysis and Staffing Plan Report As of December 31, 2012 Reporting Office: NNSA NA-70 Section One: Current Mission(s) of the Organization and Potential Changes The DNS core mission is to protect NNSA capabilities, facilities, materials, information, and employees. DNS is responsible for managing and funding the security that supports the NNSA missions, with the exception of those missions under the Office of Naval Reactors and the Office of Secure Transportation's (OST) over-the-road operations. DNS also provides unique knowledge and expertise in nuclear security for a broader set of 21st century national security needs that are synergistic with its mission, such as those in nuclear non-proliferation, homeland security, and intelligence. DNS provides the overall

148

Nuclear Sturcture Along the Neutron Dripline: MoNa-LISA and the dinueutron system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nuclei with extreme neutron-to-proton ratios were found to present different structures from what was known for the stable ones. With the current facilities we can now study nuclei that lie even beyond the neutron drip line. At the National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory at Michigan State University we use the MoNA/Sweeper setup to perform such studies of neutron unbound nuclei. In a typical experiment, a radioactive beam is employed to produce the nucleus of interest. This unbound nucleus immediately decays into a neutron and a remaining charged fragment, both of which are detected and used to reconstruct the original nucleus and study its properties. In this Colloquium, new exciting findings from recent experiments will be presented. These include the first observation of a dineutron decay from 16Be, the exploration of the “south shore” of the Island of Inversion and the first evidence of the decay of the troubling nucleus 26O.

Spyou, Artemis [Michigan State Univeristy

2012-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

149

The Large-Angle Photon Veto System for the NA62 Experiment at CERN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract—The branching ratio (BR) for the decay K + ? ? + ? ¯? is a sensitive probe for new physics. The NA62 experiment at the CERN SPS will measure this BR to within about 10%. To reject the dominant background from channels with final state photons, the large-angle vetoes (LAVs) must detect photons of energy as low as 200 MeV with an inefficiency of less than 10 ?4, as well as provide energy and time measurements with resolutions of 10 % and 1 ns for 1 GeV photons. The LAV detectors make creative reuse of lead glass blocks recycled from the OPAL electromagnetic calorimeter barrel. We describe the mechanical design and challenges faced during construction, the characterization of the lead glass blocks and solutions adopted for monitoring their performance, and the development of front-end electronics to allow simultaneous time and energy measurements over an extended dynamic range using the time-over-threshold

F. Ambrosino; B. Angelucci; A. Antonelli; F. Costantini; R. Fantechi; S. Gallorini; S. Giudici; E. Leonardi; I. Mannelli; P. Massarotti; M. Moulson; M. Napolitano; V. Palladino; F. Rafaelli; M. Raggi; G. Saracino; M. Serra; T. Spadaro; P. Valente; S. Venditti; F. Ambrosino; P. Massarotti; M. Napolitano

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Discrete Properties of Intrinsic Localized Modes Observed in the High Temperature Vibrational Spectrum of NaI  

SciTech Connect

Inelastic neutron measurements of the high temperature lattice excitations in NaI show surprising features. In thermal equilibrium at 555 K an intrinsic mode, localized in three dimensions, is observed at a single frequency near the center of the spectral phonon gap, polarized along [111]. At higher temperatures mixing between the intrinsic localized mode and the zone boundary TO mode is observed. Higher energy inelastic neutron and x-ray scattering measurements on a room temperature NaI crystal indicate that the creation energy of the ground state of the intrinsic localized mode is 299 meV.

Manley, M E; Sievers, A J; Lynn, J W; Kiselev, S A; Agladze, N I; Chen, Y; Llobet, A; Alatas, A

2008-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

151

NPP Grassland: Tuva, Russia  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tuva, Russia, 1978-1985 Tuva, Russia, 1978-1985 [PHOTOGRAPH] Photograph: Forest-steppe foothills near Tuva (click on the photo to view a larger image from this site). Data Citation Cite this data set as follows: Gilmanov, T. G. 1996. NPP Grassland: Tuva, Russia, 1978-1985. Data set. Available on-line [http://www.daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. Description Productivity of an ultra-continental steppe was determined at the Tuva study site from 1978 to 1985. Measurement of monthly dynamics of above-ground plant biomass were made for each growing season (May-August). Cumulative above-ground net primary production was estimated for some years. These data are part of a series of grassland data sets recently

152

NPP Grassland: Otradnoe, Russia  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Otradnoe, Russia, 1969-1973 Otradnoe, Russia, 1969-1973 Data Citation Cite this data set as follows: Gilmanov, T. G. 1996. NPP Grassland: Otradnoe, Russia, 1969-1973. Data set. Available on-line [http://www.daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. Description The productivities of two meadows (i.e., one loamy soil, one sandy soil) were determined at the Otradnoe study site from 1969 to 1973. Measurements of monthly dynamics of above-ground and below-ground plant biomass were made for each growing season (April-October). Above-ground net primary production was estimated for each year. These data are part of a series of grassland data sets recently assembled and checked by Dr. Tagir Gilmanov, which cover a wide range of climate and "continentality" (increasing

153

X-ray and electron diffraction studies of superlattices and long-range three-dimensional Na ordering in gamma-Na[subscript x]CoO[subscript 2] (x=0.71 and 0.84)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have recently demonstrated that x=0.71 and 0.84 are the two most stable single-phase compounds above x=0.5 in gamma-Na[subscript x]CoO[subscript 2] [G. J. Shu et al., Phys. Rev. B 76, 184115 (2007); F. C. Chou et al., ...

Chou, F. C.

154

Use of the discrete variable representation in the quantum dynamics by a wave packet propagation: Predissociation of NaI(/sup 1/. sigma. /sup +//sub 0/). -->. NaI(0/sup +/). -->. Na(/sup 2/S)+I(/sup 2/P)  

SciTech Connect

Using the Gauss--Chebyshev discrete variable representation (DVR), the dissociative quantum dynamics for a wave packet evolving under the influence of the Hamiltonian for two interacting diabatic states of a diatomic molecule is calculated. The split time evolution operator method is used to obtain the solutions to the time-dependent Schroedinger equation. A specific example of the numerical calculation is shown for the predissociation process of NaI..-->..Na(/sup 2/S)+I(/sup 2/P) from its first excited electronic state (0/sup +/). The numerical results are compared with the experimental observations from the femtosecond laser photofragmentation, recently reported by Zewail and co-workers.

Choi, S.E.; Light, J.C.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Roles of double salt formation and NaNO{sub 3} in Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3}-promoted MgO absorbent for intermediate temperature CO{sub 2} removal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Absorption and desorption of carbon dioxide on Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3}-promoted MgO have been studied at temperatures compatible with warm gas cleanup (300–470 ?C) from a pre-combustion syngas. The absorbents are synthesized through the formation and activation of the precipitate resulting from the addition of sodium carbonate to an aqueous solution of magnesium nitrate. The absorbent, which comprises MgO, Na{sub 2CO{sub 3} and residual NaNO{sub 3} after activation, forms the double salt Na{sub 2}Mg(CO{sub 3}){sub 2} on exposure to CO{sub 2}. The thermodynamic properties of the double salt, obtained through computational calculation, predict that the preferred temperature range for absorption of CO{sub 2} with the double salt is significantly higher compared with MgO. Faster CO{sub 2} uptake can be achieved as a result of this higher temperature absorption window. Absorption tests indicate that the double salt absorbent as prepared has a capacity toward CO{sub 2} of 15 wt.% (3.4 mmol CO{sub 2}/g absorbent) and can be easily regenerated through both pressure swing and temperature swing absorption in multiple-cycle tests. Thermodynamic calculations also predict an important effect of CO{sub 2} partial pressure on the absorption capacity in the warm temperature range. The impurity phase, NaNO{sub 3}, is identified as a key component in facilitating CO{sub 2} absorption by these materials. The reason for reported difficulties in reproducing the performance of these materials can be traced to specific details of the synthesis method, which are reviewed in some detail.

Keling Zhanga,b, Xiaohong S. Li c, Yuhua Duand, David L. Kingc,?, Prabhakar Singha,b, Liyu Li

2012-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

156

Post-Closure Groundwater Monitoring Plan for the 1324-N Surface Impoundment and 1324-NA Percolation Pond  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 1324-N Surface Impoundment and the 1324-NA Percolation Pond, located in the 100-N Area of the Hanford Site, are regulated under the Resource Consevation and Recovery Act (RCRA). Surface and underground features of the facilities have been removed and laboratory analyses showed that soil met the closure performance standards. These sites have been backfilled and revegetated.

Hartman, Mary J.

2004-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

157

Investigation of superconducting and non-superconducting phases of Na?Ì£?CoO?·1.3H?0  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The discovery of unconventional superconductivity in hydrated Na?Ì£?CoO?·1.3H?0 has lead to active research work on the material over the last year due to its similarities and possible insight into the high-T[sub]c copper ...

Garcia, Daniel Robert, 1982-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Reformulated Gasoline Blending Components Imports from Russia  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

159

U.S. Imports from Russia  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

160

Formation of mesoporous materials from silica dissolved in various NaOH concentrations: effect of pH and ionic strength  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe the effects of NaOH/SiO2 ratio and pH on the formation of mesoporous materials, which was synthesized via an alkalimetal hydroxide fusion method, from amorphous silica dissolved in NaOH. Physical properties (e.g., specific surface ...

Jayhyun Park; Yosep Han; Hyunjung Kim

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na na russia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

N/Z and N/A dependence of balance energy as a probe of symmetry energy in heavy-ion collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the N/Z and N/A dependence of balance energy (E$_{bal}$) for isotopic series of Ca having N/Z (N/A) varying from 1.0 to 2.0 (0.5 to 0.67). We show that the N/Z (N/A) dependence of E$_{bal}$ is sensitive to symmetry energy and its density dependence at densities higher than saturation density and is insensitive towards the isospin dependence of nucleon-nucleon (nn) cross section and Coulomb repulsion. We also study the effect of momentum dependent interactions (MDI) on the N/Z (N/A) dependence of E$_{bal}$. We find that although MDI influences the E$_{bal}$ drastically, the N/Z (N/A) dependence of E$_{bal}$ remains unchanged on inclusion of MDI.

Aman D. Sood

2010-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

162

Examination of Na-Doped Mo Sputtering for CIGS Devices: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-10-375  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This work has investigated the use of Na doped Mo (MONA) sputtering targets for use in preparing CIGS devices. The Mo:Na material is doped to about 3% Na by weight, implying that a 40 nm layer on top of the standard Mo contact contains sufficient Na to dope a 2.5 ..mu..m CIGS film. The ability to control Na doping independent of both CIGS processing conditions and adhesion is an important gain for industry and research. Manufacturers gain a route to increased manufacturability and performance, while NREL researchers gain a tightened performance distribution of devices and increased process flexibility. Our immediate partner in this work, the Climax Molybdenum Technology Center, gains validation of their product.

Repins, I.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

NA Standards | Refinement Parameters | X-PLOR param file for high  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the file for different bond distances and angles of C2'and C3'-endo the file for different bond distances and angles of C2'and C3'-endo remark K= scale*(kT/sigma**2), scales=Base 0.1875, Sugar 0.566, Phos 1.548 ! removed references to CA, CF, CS, MG, NH3, OS (ATB 12/30/94) ! removed TIP3 water model (ATB 12/30/94) ! mapped NA->NNA, CH3E->CC3E (ATB 12/30/94) ! G.PARKINSON, J.VOJTECHOVSKY, L.CLOWNEY, A.T.BRUNGER ! H.M.BERMAN ! NEW PARAMETERS FOR THE REFINEMENT OF NUCLEIC ACID CONTAINING ! STRUCTURES ! ACTA CRYST.D (1996) v. 52 57-64 set echo=false end !the generic bonds were taken from param11.dna with 3*kq bond C5R OH 876.000 1.4300 ! 5' end bond C5D OH 876.000 1.4300 ! 5' end bond C3R OH 876.000 1.4300 ! 3' end bond C3D OH 876.000 1.4300 ! 3' end bond HHO O2R 1350.000 0.9572 !Mod HO to HHO 05/15/96

164

A comparison of equilibrium and non-equilibrium cycle methods for Na-cooled ATW system.  

SciTech Connect

An equilibrium cycle method, embodied in the REBUS-3[1] code system, has generally been used in conventional fast reactor design activities. The equilibrium cycle method provides an efficient approach for modeling reactor system, compared to the more traditional non-equilibrium cycle fuel management calculation approach. Recently, the equilibrium analysis method has been utilized for designing Accelerator Transmutation of Waste (ATW)[2,3,4] cores, in which a scattered-reloading fuel management scheme is used. Compared with the conventional fast reactors, the ATW core is significantly different in several aspects since its main mission is to incinerate the transuranic (TRU) fuels. The high burnup non-fertile fuel has large variations in composition and reactivity during its lifetime. Furthermore, a relatively short cycle length is utilized in the ATW design to limit the potentially large reactivity swing over a cycle, and consequently 7 or 8-batch fuel management is usually assumed for a high fuel burnup. The validity of the equilibrium analysis method for the ATW core, therefore, needed to be verified. The main objective of this paper is to assess the validity of the equilibrium analysis method for a Na-cooled ATW core[4], which is an alternative core design of the ATW system under development.

Kim, Y.; Hill, R. N.; Taiwo, T. A.

2002-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

165

Short-lived isotopes and 23Na production in low mass AGB Stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the synthesis of some short-lived isotopes and of 23Na in thermally pulsing AGB stars with initial mass of 2 Msun and two different metallicities (Z=1.5e-2, corresponding to the metal amount in the Sun, and Z=1e-4), representative of disk and halo stars, respectively. The different nucleosynthesis channels are illustrated in some details. As previously found, the 13C formed after each third dredge up episode is usually completely consumed by alpha captures before the onset of the subsequent thermal pulse, releasing neutrons. This is the most efficient neutron source in low mass AGB stars and the resulting s-process nucleosynthesis is at the origin of the solar main component. However, in the solar metallicity model, we find that the temperature of the first formed 13C pocket remains too low during the interpulse and the 13C is not completely burnt, being partially engulfed in the convective zone generated by the following thermal pulse. Due to the rapid convective mixing in this zone, the 13C is ex...

Cristallo, S; Straniero, O; Piersanti, L; Dominguez, I

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Short-lived isotopes and 23Na production in low mass AGB Stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the synthesis of some short-lived isotopes and of 23Na in thermally pulsing AGB stars with initial mass of 2 Msun and two different metallicities (Z=1.5e-2, corresponding to the metal amount in the Sun, and Z=1e-4), representative of disk and halo stars, respectively. The different nucleosynthesis channels are illustrated in some details. As previously found, the 13C formed after each third dredge up episode is usually completely consumed by alpha captures before the onset of the subsequent thermal pulse, releasing neutrons. This is the most efficient neutron source in low mass AGB stars and the resulting s-process nucleosynthesis is at the origin of the solar main component. However, in the solar metallicity model, we find that the temperature of the first formed 13C pocket remains too low during the interpulse and the 13C is not completely burnt, being partially engulfed in the convective zone generated by the following thermal pulse. Due to the rapid convective mixing in this zone, the 13C is exposed to a larger temperature and a nucleosynthesis characterized by a relatively high neutron density develops. The main effect is the strong enhancement of isotopes located beyond some critical branching in the neutron-capture path, like 60Fe, otherwise only marginally produced during a standard s-process nucleosynthesis.

S. Cristallo; R. Gallino; O. Straniero; L. Piersanti; I. Dominguez

2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

167

Comparison of LaBr3:Ce and NaI(Tl) Scintillators for Radio-Isotope Identification Devices  

SciTech Connect

Lanthanum halide (LaBr3:Ce) scintillators offer significantly better resolution (<3 percent at 662 kilo-electron volt [keV]) relative to sodium iodide (NaI(Tl)) and have recently become commercially available in sizes large enough for the hand-held radio-isotope identification device (RIID) market. There are drawbacks to lanthanum halide detectors, however. These include internal radioactivity that contributes to spectral counts and a low-energy response that can cause detector resolution to be lower than that of NaI(Tl) below 100 keV. To study the potential of this new material for RIIDs, we performed a series of measurements comparing a 1.5?1.5 inch LaBr?3:Ce detector with an Exploranium GR 135 RIID, which contains a 1.5-2.2 inch NaI(Tl) detector. Measurements were taken for short time frames, as typifies RIID usage. Measurements included examples of naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM), typically found in cargo, and special nuclear materials. Some measurements were noncontact, involving short distances or cargo shielding scenarios. To facilitate direct comparison, spectra from the different detectors were analyzed with the same isotope identification software (ORTEC ScintiVision TM). In general, the LaBr3:Ce detector was able to find more peaks and find them faster than the NaI(Tl) detector. To the same level of significance, the LaBr3:Ce detector was usually two to three times faster. The notable exception was for 40K containing NORM where interfering internal contamination in the LaBr3:Ce detector exist. NaI(Tl) consistently outperformed LaBr3:Ce for this important isotope. LaBr3:Ce currently costs much more than NaI(Tl), though this cost-difference is expected to diminish (but not completely) with time. As is true of all detectors, LaBr3:Ce will need to be gain-stabilized for RIID applications. This could possibly be done using the internal contaminants themselves. It is the experience of the authors that peak finding software in RIIDs needs to be improved, regardless of the detector material.

Milbrath, Brian D.; Choate, Bethany J.; Fast, Jim E.; Hensley, Walter K.; Kouzes, Richard T.; Schweppe, John E.

2006-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

168

Hydrothermal synthesis and the crystal structure of borate cancrinite (Na,Ca){sub 2}[Na{sub 6}(AlSiO{sub 4}){sub 6}](BO{sub 3}) . 2H{sub 2}O  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Transparent prismatic single crystals of borate cancrinite (Na,Ca){sub 2}[Na{sub 6}(AlSiO{sub 4}){sub 6}](BO{sub 3}) . 2H{sub 2}O are prepared through hydrothermal crystallization. The parameters of the hexagonal unit cell and intensities of 10806 reflections are measured on an Enraf-Nonius CAD4 automated diffractometer. The compound crystallizes in the hexagonal crystal system with the unit cell parameters a = 12.745(4) A, c = 5.180(2) A, V = 728.6(4) A{sup 3}, and space group P6{sub 3}. The structure is determined by direct methods and refined using the full-matrix least-squares procedure in the anisotropic approximation for the non-hydrogen atoms. The refinement of the structure is performed to the final discrepancy factor R{sub 1} = 0.027 for 2889 unique reflections with I > 2 {sigma} (I). In the structure of the borate cancrinite, the AlO{sub 4} and SiO{sub 4} tetrahedra form a zeolite-like framework in which twelve-membered hexagonal channels are occupied by sodium atoms and BO{sub 3} groups, whereas six-membered channels are filled with sodium and calcium atoms and water molecules. The mean interatomic distances are found to be as follows: (Si-O){sub mean} = 1.614 A and (Al-O){sub mean} = 1.741 A in the AlO{sub 4} and SiO{sub 4} tetrahedra, (Na-O){sub mean} = 2.542 A in the seven-vertex sodium polyhedra, and [(Na,Ca)-O]{sub mean} = 2.589 A in the ditrigonal bipyramids.

Shirinova, A. F. [Baku State University (Azerbaijan)], E-mail: afashf@rambler.ru; Khrustalev, V. N. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Nesmeyanov Institute of Organoelement Compounds (Russian Federation); Samedov, H. R. [National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Institute of Chemical Problems (Azerbaijan); Chiragov, M. I. [Baku State University (Azerbaijan)

2006-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

169

The electrorheology of suspensions consisting of Na-Fluorohectorite synthetic clay particles in silicon oil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Under application of an electric field greater than a triggering electric field $E_c \\sim 0.4$ kV/mm, suspensions obtained by dispersing particles of the synthetic clay fluoro-hectorite in a silicon oil, aggregate into chain- and/or column-like structures parallel to the applied electric field. This micro-structuring results in a transition in the suspensions' rheological behavior, from a Newtonian-like behavior to a shear-thinning rheology with a significant yield stress. This behavior is studied as a function of particle volume fraction and strength of the applied electric field, $E$. The steady shear flow curves are observed to scale onto a master curve with respect to $E$, in a manner similar to what was recently found for suspensions of laponite clay [42]. In the case of Na-fluorohectorite, the corresponding dynamic yield stress is demonstrated to scale with respect to $E$ as a power law with an exponent $\\alpha \\sim 1.93$, while the static yield stress inferred from constant shear stress tests exhibits a similar behavior with $\\alpha \\sim 1.58$. The suspensions are also studied in the framework of thixotropic fluids: the bifurcation in the rheology behavior when letting the system flow and evolve under a constant applied shear stress is characterized, and a bifurcation yield stress, estimated as the applied shear stress at which viscosity bifurcation occurs, is measured to scale as $E^\\alpha$ with $\\alpha \\sim 0.5$ to 0.6. All measured yield stresses increase with the particle fraction $\\Phi$ of the suspension. For the static yield stress, a scaling law $\\Phi^\\beta$, with $\\beta = 0.54$, is found. The results are found to be reasonably consistent with each other. Their similarities with-, and discrepancies to- results obtained on laponite-oil suspensions are discussed.

Y. Méheust; K. P. S. Parmar; B. Schjelderupsen; J. O. Fossum

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

A new measurement of the $K^\\pm\\to?^\\pm??$ decay at the NA48/2 experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The NA48/2 experiment at CERN collected two data samples with minimum bias trigger conditions in 2003 and 2004. A measurement of the rate and dynamic properties of the rare decay $K^\\pm\\to\\pi^\\pm\\gamma\\gamma$ from these data sets based on 149 decay candidates with an estimated background of $15.5\\pm0.7$ events is reported.

NA48/2 collaboration

2013-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

171

Nanoscale modulations in (KLa)(CaW)O-6 and (NaLa)(CaW)O-6  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Complex nanoscale modulations are identified in two new A-site ordered perovskites, (KLa)(CaW)O{sub 6} and (NaLa)(CaW)O{sub 6}. In (KLa)(CaW)O{sub 6}, selected-area electron diffraction (SAED) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) show an incommensurate nanocheckerboard modulation with {approx}9.4 x 9.4 a{sub p} periodicity (a{sub p} {approx} 4 {angstrom} for the cubic perovskite aristotype). For (NaLa)(CaW)O{sub 6} a one-dimensional modulation is observed with a {approx}16(1 1 0)a{sub p} repeat; the orientation of the nanostripes is different from the stripes observed in other mixed A-site systems. Studies using high temperature x-ray diffraction suggest the formation of the complex modulations is associated with small deviations from the ideal 1:1:1:1 stoichiometry of the (A{sup +}La{sup 3+})(CaW)O{sub 6} phases. Z-contrast images acquired on an aberration-corrected microscope provide evidence for deviations from stoichiometry with a {approx}1:15 periodic arrangement of La{sub 4/3}(CaW)O{sub 6}:(NaLa)(CaW)O{sub 6} nano-phases.

Licurse, Mark [University of Pennsylvania; Borisevich, Albina Y [ORNL; Davies, Peter [University of Pennsylvania

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

A Distribuição Espacial e Variabilidade Interanual do Fogo na Amazônia  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 a 60. 3 a 60. 1 A Distribuição Espacial e Variabilidade Interanual do Fogo na Amazônia Wilfrid Schroeder, 1 Ane Alencar, 2 Eugênio Arima, 3 e Alberto Setzer 4 Evidências a partir de observações de carvão sugerem baixa frequência de eventos de fogo causadores de alteração das florestas amazônicas no período anterior ao século vinte. Entretanto, a distribuição espacial e temporal do fogo mudou drasticamente nas últimas décadas. O fogo tornou-se uma das forças motrizes do uso da terra e da mudança da cobertura vegetal na Amazônia. A crescente intervenção humana na região, juntamente com anomalias climáticas, expuseram as florestas tropicais a um número sem precedentes de fogos em vegetação com consequências importantes para o funcionamento do complexo sistema

173

Electrochemical and structural characterization of titanium-substituted manganese oxides based on Na0.44MnO2  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A series of titanium-substituted manganese oxides, Li{sub x}Ti{sub y}Mn{sub 1-y}O{sub 2} (y = 0.11, 0.22, 0.33, 0.44, and 0.55) with the Na{sub 0.44}MnO{sub 2} structure were prepared from Na{sub x}Ti{sub y}Mn{sub 1-y}O{sub 2} (x {approx} 0.44) precursors. The electrochemical characteristics of these compounds, which retain the unique double-tunnel structure during ion exchange, were examined in lithium/polymer electrolyte cells operating at 85 C. All of the substituted cathode materials intercalated lithium reversibly, with Li{sub x}Ti{sub 0.22}Mn{sub 0.78}O{sub 2} exhibiting the highest capacity in polymer cells, about 10-20% greater than that of unsubstituted Li{sub x}MnO{sub 2} made from Na{sub 0.44}MnO{sub 2}. In common with Li{sub x}MnO{sub 2}, the Ti-substituted materials exhibited good capacity retention over one hundred or more cycles, with some compositions exhibiting a fade rate of less than 0.03% per cycle.

Doeff, Marca M.; Richardson, Thomas J.; Hwang, Kwang-Taek

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Hydrothermal synthesis and luminescent properties of NaLa(MoO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Dy{sup 3+} phosphor  

SciTech Connect

Pompon-like NaLa(MoO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Dy{sup 3+} phosphors have been successfully prepared via a hydrothermal method using ammonia as pH value regulator. The hydrothermal process was carried out under aqueous condition without the use of any organic solvent, surfactant, and catalyst. The experimental results demonstrate that the obtained NaLa(MoO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Dy{sup 3+} phosphor powders are single-phase scheelite structure with tetragonal symmetry. Moreover, the phosphor under the excitation of 390 and 456 nm exhibited blue emission (486 nm) and yellow emission (574 nm), corresponding to the {sup 4}F{sub 9/2}{yields}{sup 6}H{sub 15/2} transition and {sup 4}F{sub 9/2}{yields}{sup 6}H{sub 13/2} transition of Dy{sup 3+} ions, respectively. In addition, the yellow-to-blue emission intensity ratio (Y/B) can be changed with the doped concentration of Dy{sup 3+} ions. All chromaticity coordinates of the obtained NaLa(MoO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Dy{sup 3+} phosphors are located in the white-light region. The results indicate that this kind of phosphor may has potential applications in the fields of near UV-excited and blue-excited white LEDs. - Graphical abstract: It can be seen from the SEM images that a pompon-like shape was obtained with an average diameter of about 1 {mu}m, and it is composed of many nanoflakes. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Pompon-like NaLa(MoO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Dy{sup 3+} phosphors have been successfully prepared via a hydrothermal method. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Blue emission at 486 nm and yellow emission at 574 nm were obtained from the samples. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The yellow-to-blue emission intensity ratio (Y/B) can be changed with the doped concentration of Dy{sup 3+} ions. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer NaLa(MoO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Dy{sup 3+} can be efficiently excited by the blue light and the near ultraviolet light.

Li Linlin; Zi Wenwen; Li Guanghuan; Lan Shi; Ji Guijuan [College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130026 (China); Gan Shucai, E-mail: gansc@jlu.edu.cn [College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130026 (China); Zou Haifeng [College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130026 (China); Xu Xuechun [College of Earth Sciences, Jilin University, Changchun 130026 (China)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

175

The Impact of Na—H+ Exchange on Long-Term Borosilicate Glass Corrosion: Experiments and Field Observations  

SciTech Connect

New insights from laboratory experiments coupled with field observations indicate that pore water solutions that eventually breach containment materials in disposal systems will interact with sodium-excess borosilicate waste glass in an unexpected way. Because many glass waste forms are relatively sodium-rich, they are especially vulnerable to Na+—H+ exchange (ion exchange or simply, IEX). Although the kinetics of this process has been previously investigated for early-stage glass reactions, the implications of IEX for long-term dissolution resistance have not yet been realized. Non-radioactive glass with major- and minor-element chemical compositions similar to Hanford high-Na waste glass were subjected to dissolution experiments to quantify the rates of matrix dissolution and IEX rates. Single-Pass Flow-Through (SPFT) tests quantified the IEX rate at 40°C pH = 8 and silica saturation and showed a dependence upon the fraction of excess sodium in the glass. The equation for the rate (in moles of sodium released per meter squared per second) dependence on excess sodium is: log10rate[mol/(m2?s)] = 0.63R + (-11.0); r2 = 0.86 where R = molar Na+/?(M3+). Further, rates of Na release are slower by ?30% in D2O-based solutions compared to those in H2O. These results are the hallmark of IEX reactions. Our results are compared against those from a lysimeter field experiment consisting of glasses buried in Hanford sand and to dissolution experiments conducted with a Pressurized Unsaturated Flow (PUF) apparatus. These longer-term tests indicate an initial decrease in dissolution rate by a factor of 10×, and then a constant steady-state rate thereafter. Thus, these data show that IEX reactions are important at near-saturation conditions and effectively prevent dissolution rates from falling below a minimum value. In sum, IEX modifies the long-term behavior of glass dissolution and models cannot assume that dissolution of Na-rich borosilicate glass will decrease by a factor of 100× to 1000×, as argued for minerals and less sodic glasses.

Icenhower, Jonathan P.; Pierce, Eric M.; McGrail, B. Peter

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

‹ Countries Russia Background - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

‹ Countries Russia Last Updated: September 18, 2012 full report Background Russia holds the world's largest natural gas reserves, the second-largest coal reserves, and

177

Na NMR Evidence for Charge Order and Anomalous Magnetism in NaxCoO2 I. R. Mukhamedshin,1,* H. Alloul,1,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

23 Na NMR Evidence for Charge Order and Anomalous Magnetism in NaxCoO2 I. R. Mukhamedshin,1,* H are studied by 23Na NMR and SQUID magnetometry. In nominal 0:50 x 0:70 solid state reacted samples,6] with the magnetic prop- erties. In a pioneering work, two 59Co NMR signals attributed to nonmagnetic Co3 sites were

Paris-Sud 11, Université de

178

The effect of Na{sup +} impurities on the conductivity and water uptake of nafion 115 polymer electrolyte fuel cell membranes.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Water uptake and ionic conductivities are reported for Nafion 115 membranes as functions of water activity and percentage of sulfonic groups occupied by sodium impurities. Water content was determined gravimetrically under liquid hydration and at 100, 75.3, and 11.3% relative humidity (RH). Water content exponentially decreased from the H{sup +}-form membrane water uptake isotherm to the Na{sup +}-form isotherm when hydrated by water vapor. Ninety percent of this decrease is reached at a substitution level of 0.2Na{sup +}/SO{sub 3}{sup -}. Water uptake under liquid water hydration decreased more gradually, only 50% to completion at 0.2Na{sup +}/SO{sub 3}{sup -}. Four-probe conductivity testing of Nafion 115 membranes, normalized against dry dimensions, revealed that although hydration decreases immediately with the introduction of sodium impurities, ionic conductivity at 100% RH remains constant up to 0.15Na{sup +}/SO{sub 3}{sup -}. Above 0.15Na{sup +}/SO{sub 3}{sup -} an exponential decrease in ionic conductivity is observed with higher sodium content. The dependence of ionic conductivity on water content is also reported for sodium contents of 0, 0.27, 0.62 and 1Na{sup +}/SO{sub 3}{sup -}.

Bendert, J. C.; Papadias, D. D.; Myers, D. J.; Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division

2010-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

179

High-pressure stability relations, crystal structures, and physical properties of perovskite and post-perovskite of NaNiF{sub 3}  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NaNiF{sub 3} perovskite was found to transform to post-perovskite at 16-18 GPa and 1273-1473 K. The equilibrium transition boundary is expressed as P (GPa)=-2.0+0.014 Multiplication-Sign T (K). Structure refinements indicated that NaNiF{sub 3} perovskite and post-perovskite have almost regular NiF{sub 6} octahedra consistent with absence of the first-order Jahn-Teller active ions. Both NaNiF{sub 3} perovskite and post-perovskite are insulators. The perovskite underwent a canted antiferromagnetic transition at 156 K, and the post-perovskite antiferromagnetic transition at 22 K. Magnetic exchange interaction of NaNiF{sub 3} post-perovskite is smaller than that of perovskite, reflecting larger distortion of Ni-F-Ni network and lower dimension of octahedral arrangement in post-perovskite than those in perovskite. - Graphical abstract: Perovskite-post-perovskite transition in NaNiF{sub 3} at high pressure Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer NaNiF{sub 3} perovskite (Pv) transforms to post-perovskite (pPv) at 16 GPa and 1300 K. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The equilibrium transition boundary is expressed as P (GPa)=-2.0+0.014 T (K). Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Antiferromagnetic transition occurs at 156 K in Pv and 22 K in pPv.

Shirako, Y. [Department of Chemistry, Gakushuin University, 1-5-1 Mejiro, Toshima-ku, Tokyo 171-8588 (Japan); Superconducting Properties Unit, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Shi, Y.G. [Superconducting Properties Unit, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100190 Beijing (China); Aimi, A.; Mori, D.; Kojitani, H. [Department of Chemistry, Gakushuin University, 1-5-1 Mejiro, Toshima-ku, Tokyo 171-8588 (Japan); Yamaura, K. [Superconducting Properties Unit, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Inaguma, Y. [Department of Chemistry, Gakushuin University, 1-5-1 Mejiro, Toshima-ku, Tokyo 171-8588 (Japan); Akaogi, M., E-mail: masaki.akaogi@gakushuin.ac.jp [Department of Chemistry, Gakushuin University, 1-5-1 Mejiro, Toshima-ku, Tokyo 171-8588 (Japan)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

180

Nanoscale modulations in (KLa)(CaW)O{sub 6} and (NaLa)(CaW)O{sub 6}  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Complex nanoscale modulations are identified in two new A-site ordered perovskites, (KLa)(CaW)O{sub 6} and (NaLa)(CaW)O{sub 6}. In (KLa)(CaW)O{sub 6}, selected-area electron diffraction (SAED) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) show an incommensurate nanocheckerboard modulation with {approx}9.4 Multiplication-Sign 9.4a{sub p} periodicity (a{sub p} Almost-Equal-To 4 A for the cubic perovskite aristotype). For (NaLa)(CaW)O{sub 6} a one-dimensional modulation is observed with a {approx}16(1 1 0)a{sub p} repeat; the Left-Pointing-Angle-Bracket 1 1 0 Right-Pointing-Angle-Bracket orientation of the nanostripes is different from the Left-Pointing-Angle-Bracket 1 0 0 Right-Pointing-Angle-Bracket stripes observed in other mixed A-site systems. Studies using high temperature x-ray diffraction suggest the formation of the complex modulations is associated with small deviations from the ideal 1:1:1:1 stoichiometry of the (A{sup +}La{sup 3+})(CaW)O{sub 6} phases. Z-contrast images acquired on an aberration-corrected microscope provide evidence for deviations from stoichiometry with a {approx}1:15 periodic arrangement of La{sub 4/3}(CaW)O{sub 6}:(NaLa)(CaW)O{sub 6} nano-phases. - Graphical abstract: Complex nanoscale modulations are identified in two new A-site ordered perovskites, (KLa)(CaW)O{sub 6} and (NaLa)(CaW)O{sub 6}. In (KLa)(CaW)O{sub 6}, selected-area electron diffraction and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy show a two-dimensional, nanocheckerboard modulation. For (NaLa)(CaW)O{sub 6} a one-dimensional modulation is observed; the Left-Pointing-Angle-Bracket 1 1 0 Right-Pointing-Angle-Bracket orientation of the nanostripes is different from the Left-Pointing-Angle-Bracket 1 0 0 Right-Pointing-Angle-Bracket stripes observed in other mixed A-site systems. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Two new A-site ordered perovskites were synthesized, (KLa)(CaW)O{sub 6} and (NaLa)(CaW)O{sub 6}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Unusual 1D and 2D nanoscale patterns were observed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Tolerance factor shown to be not enough to predict the observed morphologies. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer High temperature x-ray diffraction data suggests a loss of stoichiometry is related to the modulations. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Z-contrast imaging provides direct evidence for non-stoichiometry and a new model.

Licurse, Mark W., E-mail: mlicurse@seas.upenn.edu [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Pennsylvania, 3231 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104 (United States); Borisevich, Albina Y., E-mail: albinab@ornl.gov [Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States); Davies, Peter K., E-mail: davies@seas.upenn.edu [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Pennsylvania, 3231 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104 (United States)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

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181

AlSb thin films as negative electrodes for Li-ion and Na-ion batteries  

SciTech Connect

The electrochemical reactions between Li and Na with amorphous/nanocrystalline AlSb thin films prepared by magnetron sputtering are reported for the first time. The films are composed of AlSb and Sb nanoparticles embedded into an amorphous matrix with an overall Sb/Al ratio of 1.13. The reaction with Li proceeds with an average reaction potential of 0.65 V, a reversible capacity of 750 mAh g-1, and very fast reaction kinetics. For instance, a storage capacity close to 500 mAh g-1, corresponding to 70% of the maximum capacity, is achieved at 125 C-rate. In addition, there is only a small increase in overpotentials with increasing current: ~0.15 V at 12 C and ~0.7 V at 125 C. In contrast, the reaction with Na results in average reaction potential of 0.5 V and a storage capacity of 500 mAh g-1 obtained at low currents. The capacity retention and reaction kinetics are presently not satisfactory with pronounced capacity losses upon cycling and large overpotentials with increasing current. The capacity retention can be improved by using fluoroethylene carbonate additive in the Na-ion electrolyte, which highlights that the Solid Electrolyte Interphase plays an important role for the electrode cycling stability. The reaction kinetics is relatively poor and an increase in overpotentials of about 0.9 V at 2 C is observed (retained capacity of about 350 mAh g-1 or 66% of the maximum). The study of the reaction mechanism on thick films (3-5 m) by X-ray diffraction reveals that the electrode material remains amorphous at all potentials. The presence of broad humps, located at the positions expected for Li-Al and Li-Sb line compounds, suggests that during the reaction with Li the atomic short range ordering is similar to the expected phases.

Baggetto, Loic [ORNL; Marszewski, Michal [Kent State University; Gorka, Joanna [ORNL; Jaroniec, Mietek [Kent State University; Veith, Gabriel M [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Microsoft PowerPoint - US-Russia3_Cynn_2009  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Static material strength determined using a DAC Static material strength determined using a DAC g g Joint US-Russia Material Conference H h C 1 W J E 1 J P Kl i 1 M Li 1 Prague, Czech Republic 8/30 - 9/4, 2009 Hyunchae Cynn 1 , W.J. Evans 1 , J. P. Klepeis 1 , M. Lipp 1 , H.-P. Liermann 2 *, W. Yang 2 cynn1@llnl.gov, 925-422-3432 Physical and Life Sciences Directorate Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Livermore, CA 94550, USA Livermore, CA 94550, USA 2 HPCAT, Bld. 434E, Advanced Photon Source Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439-4803, USA *Currently at DESY, HASYLAB, Petra III, P02 Notkestr. 85, Bldg. 47c, Rm. L115 22607 H b G 22607 Hamburg, Germany This work was performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in part under Contract W-7405-Eng-48 and in part under Contract DE-AC52-07NA27344. Portions of this work were performed at HPCAT (Sector 16),

183

Effects of oxygen cover gas and NaOH dilution on gas generation in tank 241-SY-101 waste  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Laboratory studies are reported of gas generation in heated waste from tank 241-SY-101. The rates of gas generation and the compositions of product gas were measured. Three types of tests are compared. The tests use: undiluted waste, waste diluted by a 54% addition of 2.5 M NaOH, and undiluted waste with a reactive cover gas of 30% Oxygen in He. The gas generation rate is reduced by dilution, increased by higher temperatures (which determines activation energies), and increased by reactions of Oxygen (these primarily produce H{sub 2}). Gases are generated as reduction products oxidation of organic carbon species by nitrite and oxygen.

Person, J.C.

1996-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

184

Russia’s Natural Gas Export Potential up to 2050  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent increases in natural gas reserve estimates and advances in shale gas technology make natural gas a fuel with good prospects to serve a bridge to a low-carbon world. Russia is an important energy supplier as it holds ...

Paltsev, Sergey

185

The electrochemical reactions of pure In with Li and Na: anomalous electrolyte decomposition, benefits of FEC additive, phase transitions and electrode performance  

SciTech Connect

Indium thin films are evaluated as an anode material for Li-ion and Na-ion batteries (theoretical capacities of 1012 mAh g-1 for Li and 467 mAh g-1 for Na). The native surface oxides are responsible for the anomalous electrolyte decomposition during the first cycle while oxidized In species are found to be responsible for the electrolyte decomposition during the subsequent cycles. The presence of 5wt% FEC electrolyte additive suppresses the occurrence of the anomalous electrolyte decomposition during the first cycle but is not sufficient to prevent the decomposition upon further cycling from 0 to 2 V. Prevention of the anomalous decomposition can be achieved by restricting the charge cut-off, for instance at 1.1 V, or by using larger amounts of FEC. The In films show moderately good capacity retention with storage capacities when cycled with Li (950 mAh g-1) but significantly less when cycled with Na (125 mAh g-1). XRD data reveal that several known Li-In phases (i.e LiIn, Li3In2, LiIn2 and Li13In3) form during the electrochemical reaction. In contrast, the reaction with Na is severely limited. The largest amount of inserted Na is evidenced for cells short-circuited 40 hrs at 65C, for which the XRD data show the coexistence of NaIn, In, and an unknown phase. During cycling, mechanical degradation due to repeated expansion/shrinkage, evidenced by SEM, coupled with SEI formation is the primary source of the capacity fade. Finally, we show that the In thin films exhibit very high rate capability for both Li (100 C) and Na (30 C).

Hawks, Samantha A [ORNL] [ORNL; Baggetto, Loic [ORNL] [ORNL; Bridges, Craig A [ORNL] [ORNL; Veith, Gabriel M [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Russia - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Russia's Transneft holds a monopoly over Russia's pipeline network, ... Russia is one of the top producers and consumers of electric power in the world, ...

187

A Expansão da Agricultura Intensiva e Pecuária na Amazônia Brasileira  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

61 a 81. 61 a 81. 1 A Expansão da Agricultura Intensiva e Pecuária na Amazônia Brasileira Robert Walker, 1 Ruth DeFries, 2 Maria Del Carmem Vera-Diaz, 3 Yosio Shimabukuro, 4 e Adriano Venturieri 5 A agropecuária na Amazônia tem, frequentemente, provocado controvérsia em função do imenso valor ecológico do meio ambiente da região. Isso ocorreu, primeiramente, com a pecuária e atualmente com o crescimento acelerado da soja, uso de tratores e criação de gado. Essas atividades têm ocupado terras que, por milênios, sustentaram somente florestas úmidas fechadas, ecossistemas naturais e povos indígenas dispersos. O presente capítulo focaliza a porção brasileira da Bacia Amazônica e trata da expansão da agropecuária nesta região, partindo da premissa de que uma efetiva política de desenvolvimento

188

Branch-shaped NaGdF{sub 4}:Eu{sup 3+} nanocrystals: Selective synthesis, and photoluminescence properties  

SciTech Connect

The branch-shaped NaGdF{sub 4}:Eu{sup 3+} nanocrystals (NCs) were synthesized by using polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) as a capping agent in ethylene glycol (EG) solution. The NCs were readily dispersed into water or ethanol to form a relatively stable suspension, which may facilitate their applications in biological fields. Meanwhile, the crystal structures of the NCs were tunable from the mixture of the {alpha}-(cubic) and {beta}-(hexagonal) phases to the pure {beta}-phase by varying the F{sup -}/Ln{sup 3+} molar ratio or the reaction temperature. The pure {beta}-phase NCs were obtained at relatively high F{sup -}/Ln{sup 3+} molar ratio and reaction temperature. In addition, the Eu{sup 3+}-doping concentration-dependent optical properties of the NaGdF{sub 4}:Eu{sup 3+} NCs were investigated in detail. The result shows that the emissions from high energy level transitions (e.g., {sup 5}D{sub 1}, {sup 5}D{sub 2}, and {sup 5}D{sub 3}) are significantly impaired with increasing the Eu{sup 3+}-doping concentration due to the cross-relaxation process, and the emission at 612 nm is predominant since the doped Eu{sup 3+} ions locate in the crystal fields without inversion center.

Wang Shangbing, E-mail: wsb1978@mail.ustc.edu.cn [School of Metallurgy and Resources, Institute of Molecular Engineering and Applied Chemistry, Anhui University of Technology, Ma'anshan, Anhui, 243002 (China); Li Qing; Pei Lizhai [School of Metallurgy and Resources, Institute of Molecular Engineering and Applied Chemistry, Anhui University of Technology, Ma'anshan, Anhui, 243002 (China); Zhang Qianfeng, E-mail: zhangqf@ahut.edu.cn [School of Metallurgy and Resources, Institute of Molecular Engineering and Applied Chemistry, Anhui University of Technology, Ma'anshan, Anhui, 243002 (China)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

189

Double-Edged Sword: Russia’s Use of Energy as Leverage in the Near Abroad.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This work explores Russia’s use of energy as leverage in the near abroad. This work argues that different strategies of using energy, such as moderation… (more)

Visotzky, Alexander M.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Energy dependence of identified hadron spectra and event-by-event fluctuations in p+p interactions from NA61/SHINE at the CERN SPS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NA61/SHINE at the CERN SPS is a fixed-target experiment pursuing a rich physics program including measurements for heavy ion, neutrino and cosmic ray physics. The main goal of the ion program is to explore the most interesting $T, mu_{B}$ region of the phase diagram of strongly interacting matter. We plan to study the properties of the onset of deconfinement and to search for the signatures of the critical point. The search is performed by varying collision energy (13A-158A GeV/c) and system size (p+p, Be+Be, Ar+Ca, Xe+La). Thanks to its large acceptance and excellent particle identification capability NA61/SHINE is well suited for performing high-precision particle production measurements as well as for studying event-by-event fluctuations in p+p, p+nucleus and nucleus+nucleus collisions. Preliminary results on p+p interactions at 20, 31, 40, 80 and 158 GeV/c are presented. They include inclusive spectra of pi+, pi-, K- and protons as a function of transverse momentum/mass and rapidity as well as event-by-event fluctuations of transverse momentum, azimuthal angle and chemical composition. The new NA61 measurements are compared with the corresponding results of NA49 on central Pb+Pb collisions and with predictions of Monte Carlo models. Finally, the future plans of NA61/SHINE are summarised.

Maciej Rybczynski

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

191

Cross sections for monitor reactions {sup 27}Al((p, x){sup 24}Na, {sup 27}Al(p, x){sup 22}Na, and {sup 27}Al(p, x){sup 7}Be at proton energies in the range 0.04-2.6 GeV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The cross sections for the monitor reactions {sup 27}Al(p, x){sup 24}Na, {sup 27}Al(p, x){sup 22}Na, and {sup 27}Al(p, x){sup 7}Be at 12 proton energies, 2605, 1598, 1199, 799, 600, 400, 249, 147.6, 97.2, 66.0, 44.6, and 40.8 MeV, have been determined with 72 Multiplication-Sign 72-mm square and 10.5-mm-diameter round aluminum foils. The rates of the reactions of the production of {sup 24}Na, {sup 22}Na, and {sup 7}Be in the foils in each irradiation run have been determined by {gamma} spectrometry, whereas the number of protons transmitted through these foils has been determined using calibrated fast current transformers. The cross sections have been determined as the ratios of the corresponding reaction to the average proton fluence.

Titarenko, Yu. E.; Borovlev, S. P.; Butko, M. A.; Zhivun, V. M.; Pavlov, K. V.; Rogov, V. I.; Titarenko, A. Yu.; Tikhonov, R. S.; Florya, S. N.; Koldobskiy, A. B. [Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Russian Federation)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

192

Frustration by competing interactions in the highly-distorted double perovskites La2NaB'O6 (B' = Ru, Os)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The usual classical behaviour of S = 3/2, B-site ordered double perovskites generally results in simple, commensurate magnetic ground states. In contrast, heat capacity and neutron powder diffraction measurements for the S = 3/2 systems La2NaB'O6 (B = Ru, Os) reveal an incommensurate magnetic ground state for La2NaRuO6 and a drastically suppressed ordered moment for La2NaOsO6. This behaviour is attributed to the large monoclinic structural distortions of these double perovskites. The distortions have the effect of weakening the nearest neighbour superexchange interactions, presumably to an energy scale that is comparable to the next nearest neighbour superexchange. The exotic ground states in these materials can then arise from a competition between these two types of antiferromagnetic interactions, providing a novel mechanism for achieving frustration in the double perovskite family.

Aczel, Adam A [ORNL; Bugaris, Dan [University of South Carolina; Li, Ling [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Yan, Jiaqiang [ORNL; Dela Cruz, Clarina R [ORNL; Zur Loye, Hans-Conrad [University of South Carolina; Nagler, Stephen E [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Hanford Low Activity Waste (LAW) Fluidized Bed Steam Reformer (FBSR) Na-Al-Si (NAS) Waste Form Qualification  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hanford Low Activity Waste (LAW) Fluidized Bed Steam Hanford Low Activity Waste (LAW) Fluidized Bed Steam Reformer (FBSR) Na-Al-Si (NAS) Waste Form Qualification C.M. Jantzen and E.M. Pierce November 18, 2010 2 Participating Organizations 3 Incentive and Objectives FBSR sodium-aluminosilicate (NAS) waste form has been identified as a promising supplemental treatment technology for Hanford LAW Objectives: Reduce the risk associated with implementing the FBSR NAS waste form as a supplemental treatment technology for Hanford LAW Conduct test with actual tank wastes Use the best science to fill key data gaps Linking previous and new results together 4 Outline FBSR NAS waste form processing scales FBSR NAS waste form data/key assumptions FBSR NAS key data gaps FBSR NAS testing program 5 FBSR NAS Waste Form Processing

194

..&rrbt, Chief, Industrial Hy&na Branch, HerlthbrSas8byLaboratoly  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

tf..@ tf..@ ..&rrbt, Chief, Industrial Hy&na Branch, HerlthbrSas8byLaboratoly ;,.; , ' 1 ' @@w-w 3, 1954 P. B. Klevin, Indurtrial Hygiexn J5rantah, Barrlei &'afelky Lab0raM~ : . .A , 3 t :;p,: . NATIONAL LEiD OF OHIO ROLLINO OFERATIONS AT SIHONr>s SAW 6 STEEL- Amm', +I& y9, <: '.. SmBoLt HSHtPBK ' -: - St. Louis Area Office at the Simnds Saw and Steel Co., k&port, NJ., on tha &boVe clrtm, I oblruloed tb Mat;Lonal Uad umu&m and thorium roll- ing operations which were In pogress at the 16" and 10" mills respectively. Althm& hhls+urV8y w&d: ma& wltbout Qte dlx' aet request of the National Lead Co., I am reporting the results for your information. At the W aill whem 38 fh&m ingots were r&lad into lmgthaned rods,

195

Viscosity of NaCl and other solutions up to 350{sup 0}C and 50 MPa pressures  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Experimental values for the viscosity of sodium chloride solutions are critically reviewed for application to geothermal energy. Data published recently by Kestin, Los, Pepinov, and Semenyuk as well as earlier data are included. A theoretically based equation for calculating relative viscosity was developed, and used to generate tables of smoothed values over the ranges 20{sup 0}C to 350{sup 0}C, 0 to 5 m and pressures up to 50 MPa. The equation reproduces selected data to an average of better than 2 percent over the entire range of temperatures and pressures. Selected tables of data are included for KCl up to 150{sup 0}C, CaCl{sub 2} solutions up to 100{sup 0}C, and for mixtures of NaCl with KCl and CaCl{sub 2}. Recommendations are given for additional data needs.

Phillips, S.L.; Ozbek, H.; Igbene, A.; Litton, G.

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Evidence for the onset of deconfinement and quest for the critical point by NA49 at the CERN SPS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The NA49 results on hadron production obtained in PbPb collisions at SPS energies from 20 to 158 A GeV are shown and discussed as evidence for the onset of deconfinement. The primary measures are the pion yield, the kaon-to-pion ratio and the slope parameter of transverse mass distributions. The possible indication of the QCD critical point signatures was investigated in the event-by-event fluctuations of various observables such as the mean transverse momentum, particle multiplicity and azimuthal angle distributions as well as in the particle ratio fluctuations. The energy dependence of these observables was measured in central PbPb collisions in the full SPS energy range while for analysis of the system size dependence data from pp, CC, SiSi, and PbPb collisions at the top SPS energy were used.

Melkumov, G. L., E-mail: georgui.melkoumov@cern.ch [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation); Anticic, T. [Rudjer Boskovic Institute (Croatia); Baatar, B. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation); Barna, D. [KFKI Research Institute for Particle and Nuclear Physics (Hungary); Bartke, J. [Polish Academy of Sciences, H. Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics (Poland); Beck, H. [Fachbereich Physik der Universitaet (Germany); Betev, L. [CERN (Switzerland); Bialkowska, H. [Institute for Nuclear Studies (Poland); Blume, C. [Fachbereich Physik der Universitaet (Germany); Bogusz, M. [Warsaw University of Technology, Faculty of Physics (Poland); Boimska, B. [Institute for Nuclear Studies (Poland); Book, J. [Fachbereich Physik der Universitaet (Germany); Botje, M. [NIKHEF (Netherlands); Buncic, P. [CERN (Switzerland); Cetner, T. [Warsaw University of Technology, Faculty of Physics (Poland); Christakoglou, P. [NIKHEF (Netherlands); Chung, P. [Stony Brook University (SUNYSB), Department of Chemistry (United States); Chvala, O. [Charles University, Institute of Particle and Nuclear Physics (Czech Republic); Cramer, J. G. [University of Washington, Nuclear Physics Laboratory (United States); Eckardt, V. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Physik (Germany); and others

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

197

Final Report for the Study on S-Implanted Alloy 22 in 1 M NaCl Solutions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this study was to examine the effects of high levels of S in the near-surface region on the passivity of Alloy 22, a corrosion resistant Ni-Cr-Mo alloy, in deaerated 1 M NaCl solution. Near-surface concentrations of S up to 2 at.% were achieved in Alloy 22 test specimens by implanting them with S. The S-implanted samples were then evaluated in short-term electrochemical tests in the salt solution and subsequently analyzed with X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) for film thickness and composition. Specimens tested included non-implanted and annealed Alloy 22 samples, samples implanted with S, and “blanks” implanted with Ar as an ion that would simulate the “damage” of S implantation without the chemical effect. A sample of S-implanted Alloy 22 was also exposed to solution for 29 days and analyzed for evidence of S accumulation at the surface over longer times.

Windisch, Charles F.; Baer, Donald R.; Jones, R. H.; Engelhard, Mark H.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Density functional theory studies on theelectronic, structural, phonon dynamicaland thermo-stability properties of bicarbonates MHCO3, M D Li, Na, K  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The structural, electronic, phonon dispersion and thermodynamic properties of MHCO3 (M D Li, Na, K) solids were investigated using density functional theory. The calculated bulk properties for both their ambient and the high-pressure phases are in good agreement with available experimental measurements. Solid phase LiHCO3 has not yet been observed experimentally. We have predicted several possible crystal structures for LiHCO3 using crystallographic database searching and prototype electrostatic ground state modeling. Our total energy and phonon free energy .FPH/ calculations predict that LiHCO3 will be stable under suitable conditions of temperature and partial pressures of CO2 and H2O. Our calculations indicate that the HCO􀀀 3 groups in LiHCO3 and NaHCO3 form an infinite chain structure through O#1; #1; #1;H#1; #1; #1;O hydrogen bonds. In contrast, the HCO􀀀 3 anions form dimers, .HCO􀀀 3 /2, connected through double hydrogen bonds in all phases of KHCO3. Based on density functional perturbation theory, the Born effective charge tensor of each atom type was obtained for all phases of the bicarbonates. Their phonon dispersions with the longitudinal optical–transverse optical splitting were also investigated. Based on lattice phonon dynamics study, the infrared spectra and the thermodynamic properties of these bicarbonates were obtained. Over the temperature range 0–900 K, the FPH and the entropies (S) of MHCO3 (M D Li, Na, K) systems vary as FPH.LiHCO3/ > FPH.NaHCO3/ > FPH.KHCO3/ and S.KHCO3/ > S.NaHCO3/ > S.LiHCO3/, respectively, in agreement with the available experimental data. Analysis of the predicted thermodynamics of the CO2 capture reactions indicates that the carbonate/bicarbonate transition reactions for Na and K could be used for CO2 capture technology, in agreement with experiments.

Duan, Yuhua; Zhang, Bo; Sorescu, Dan C.; Johnson, Karl; Majzoub, Eric H; Luebke, David R.

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

NaK pool-boiler bench-scale receiver durability test: Test results and materials analysis  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Pool-boiler reflux receivers have been considered as an alternative to heat pipes for the input of concentrated solar energy to Stirling-cycle engines in dish-Stirling electric generation systems. Pool boilers offer simplicity in design and fabrication. The operation of a full-scale pool-boiler receiver has been demonstrated for short periods of time. However, to generate cost-effective electricity, the receiver must operate Without significant maintenance for the entire system life, as much as 20 to 30 years. Long-term liquid-metal boiling stability and materials compatibility with refluxing NaK-78 is not known and must be determined for the pool boiler receiver. No boiling system has been demonstrated for a significant duration with the current porous boiling enhancement surface and materials. Therefore, it is necessary to simulate the full-scale pool boiler design as much as possible, including flux levels, materials, and operating cycles. On-sun testing is impractical because of the limited test time available. A test vessel was constructed with a porous boiling enhancement surface. The boiling surface consisted of a brazed stainless steel powder with about 50% porosity. The vessel was heated with a quartz lamp array providing about go W/CM2 peak incident thermal flux. The vessel was charged with NaK-78. This allows the elimination of costly electric preheating, both on this test and on fullscale receivers. The vessel was fabricated from Haynes 230 alloy. The vessel operated at 750{degrees}C around the clock, with a 1/2-hour shutdown cycle to ambient every 8 hours. The test completed 7500 hours of lamp-on operation time, and over 1000 startups from ambient. The test was terminated when a small leak in an Inconel 600 thermowell was detected. The test design and data are presented here. Metallurgical analysis of virgin and tested materials has begun, and initial results are also presented.

Andraka, C.E.; Goods, S.H.; Bradshaw, R.W.; Moreno, J.B.; Moss, T.A.; Jones, S.A.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

High temperature oxidation and NaCl-induced accelerated corrosion of hot-dip aluminized 9Cr-1Mo and 310 stainless steel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The behaviors of high temperature corrosion on hot-dip aluminized on 9Cr-1Mo and 310 stainless steels when catalyzed by NaCl and cyclic heating environment were studied experimentally. The corrosion behavior and morphological development were investigated by weight gain kinetics, metallographs, depths of attack, metal losses, and X-ray analyses. The results of 310SS deposited with salt mixtures show that weight gain kinetics in simple oxidation reveals a steady-state parabolic rate law after 3 hr, while the kinetics with salt deposits display multi-stage growth rates. NaCl is the main corrosive specie in high-temperature corrosion involving mixtures of NaCl/Na2SO4 and is responsible for the formation of internal attack. Uniform internal attack is the typical morphology of NaCl-induced hot corrosion, while the extent of intergranular attack is more pronounced as the content of Na2SO4 in the mixture is increased. The thermal-cycling test results of 310SS deposited NaCl and coated 7wt%Si/93wt%Al show that the aluminized layers have good corrosion resistance during the first four cycles of testing, while degradation occurs after testing for five cycles. The reason for degradation of aluminized layers is attributed to the formation of interconnecting voids caused by aluminum inward diffusion, chloridation/oxidation cyclic reactions and the penetration of molten NaCl through the voids into the alloy substrate. The 9Cr-1Mo steels coated with 7wt%Si/93wt%Al oxidized at 750, 850, and 950°C in static air show that oxidation kinetics followed a parabolic rate law at 750 and 850 °C. The cracks propagated through the FexAly layer due to the growth of brittle FeAl2 and Fe2Al5 at 750 and 850°C. The voids condensed in the interface of intermetallics and substrate are attributed to the Kirkendall effect. At 950°C, the fast growing aluminide layer has a different expansion coefficient than oxide scale, leading to scale cracking, oxygen penetration, and internal oxidized, evidenced by a rapid mass gain.

Tsaur, Charng-Cheng

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na na russia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Two Homologous Intermetallic Phases in the Na-Au-Zn System with Sodium Bound in Unusual Paired Sites within 1D Tunnels  

SciTech Connect

The Na-Au-Zn system contains the two intermetallic phases Na(0.97(4))Au(2)Zn(4)(I) and Na(0.72(4))Au(2)Zn(2)(II) that are commensurately and incommensurately modulated derivatives of K(0.37)Cd(2), respectively. Compound I crystallizes in tetragonal space group P4/mbm (No. 127), a = 7.986(1) Å, c = 7.971(1) Å, Z = 4, as a 1 × 1 × 3 superstructure derivative of K(0.37)Cd(2)(I4/mcm). Compound II is a weakly incommensurate derivative of K(0.37)Cd(2) with a modulation vector q = 0.189(1) along c. Its structure was solved in superspace group P4/mbm(00g)00ss, a = 7.8799(6) Å, c = 2.7326(4) Å, Z = 2, as well as its average structure in P4/mbm with the same lattice parameters.. The Au-Zn networks in both consist of layers of gold or zinc squares that are condensed antiprismatically along c ([Au(4/2)Zn(4)Zn(4)Au(4/2)] for I and [Au(4/2)Zn(4)Au(4/2)] for II) to define fairly uniform tunnels. The long-range cation dispositions in the tunnels are all clearly and rationally defined by electron density (Fourier) mapping. These show only close, somewhat diffuse, pairs of opposed, ?50% occupied Na sites that are centered on (I)(shown) or between (II) the gold squares. Tight-binding electronic structure calculations via linear muffin-tin-orbital (LMTO) methods, assuming random occupancy of ? ?100% of nonpaired Na sites, again show that the major Hamilton bonding populations in both compounds arise from the polar heteroatomic Au-Zn interactions. Clear Na-Au (and lesser Na-Zn) bonding is also evident in the COHP functions. These two compounds are the only stable ternary phases in the (Cs,Rb,K,Na)-Au-Zn systems, emphasizing the special bonding and packing requirements in these sodium structures

Samal, Saroj L.; Lin, Qisheng; Corbett, John D.

2012-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

202

Optical properties of a solar-absorbing molten salt heat transfer fluid. [Eutectic mixture of KNO3, NaNO2, and NaNO3 with particle suspensions of cobalt oxides or copper oxides  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The optical absorption properties of a high temperature molten salt heat transfer fluid were measured from 0.35 ..mu..m to 2.5 ..mu..m using both hemispherical transmission and reflection techniques. This fluid has application as a direct-absorbing working fluid in a high temperature central receiver solar energy facility. The absorption spectrum of the pure molten fluid--a eutectic mixture of KNO/sub 3/, NaNO/sub 2/, and NaNO/sub 3/, known as Hitec (Du Pont trade name)--displays a fundamental absorption edge near 410 nm, which was found to shift to longer wavelength linearly with temperature. Throughout the remainder of the visible spectrum, the fluid is transparent. To enhance its solar absorption, particulate metallic oxides of Co or Cu were introduced into the fluid. Absorption spectra of these oxide particle suspensions in the molten salt were determined as a function of dopant concentration ranging from 0 to 0.1 wt% metal nitrate added to the Hitec. These measurements were carried out at 200/sup 0/C under flow conditions to cause a homogeneous suspension of particles. Special transmission and reflection flow cells were designed and constructed to handle 200/sup 0/C fluids. The suspended particles cause an additional optical absorption throughout the visible spectrum which is characteristic of the particular metallic oxide and closely follows a Beer-Lambert concentration dependence. The solar averaged absorption in a fixed layer thickness was calculated for various concentrations of the fluid-oxide mixtures. The fluid without oxide particles absorbs approximately 8% of the solar spectrum per cm of path length. Addition of 0.1 wt% of Co(NO/sub 3/)/sub 2/.6H/sub 2/O increases this absorption to approximately 90% per cm. Of the oxides studied, Co/sub 3/O/sub 4/ particle suspensions offer better solar absorption characteristics than CuO. Effects of particulate scattering on the measurements are discussed.

Drotning, W.D.

1977-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Prototype Tests for the Recovery and Conversion of UF6 Chemisorbed in NaF Traps for the Molten Salt Reactor Remediation Project  

SciTech Connect

The remediation of the Molten Salt Reactor Experiment (MSRE) site includes the removal of about 37 kg of uranium. Of that inventory, about 23 kg have already been removed from the piping system and chemisorbed in 25 NaF traps. This material is being stored in Building 3019. The planned recovery of -11 kg of uranium from the fuel salt will generate another 15 to 19 NaF traps. The remaining 2 to 3 kg of uranium are present in activated charcoal beds, which are also scheduled to be removed from the reactor site. Since all of these materials (NaF traps and the uranium-laden charcoal) are not suitable for long-term storage, they will be converted to a chemical form [uranium oxide], which is suitable for long-term storage. This document describes the process that will be used to recover and convert the uranium in the NaF traps into a stable oxide for long-term storage. Included are a description of the process, equipment, test results, and lessons learned. The process was developed for remote operation in a hot cell. Lessons learned from the prototype testing were incorporated into the process design.

Del Cul, G.D.; Icenhour, A.S.; Simmons, D.W.

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Prototype Tests for the Recovery and Conversion of UF6Chemisorbed in NaF Traps for the Molten Salt Reactor Remediation Project  

SciTech Connect

The remediation of the Molten Salt Reactor Experiment (MSRE) site includes the removal of about 37 kg of uranium. Of that inventory, about 23 kg have already been removed from the piping system and chemisorbed in 25 NaF traps. This material is being stored in Building 3019. The planned recovery of {approx}11 kg of uranium from the fuel salt will generate another 15 to 19 NaF traps. The remaining 2 to 3 kg of uranium are present in activated charcoal beds, which are also scheduled to be removed from the reactor site. Since all of these materials (NaF traps and the uranium-laden charcoal) are not suitable for long-term storage, they will be converted to a chemical form [uranium oxide (U{sub 3}O{sub 8})], which is suitable for long-term storage. This document describes the process that will be used to recover and convert the uranium in the NaF traps into a stable oxide for long-term storage. Included are a description of the process, equipment, test results, and lessons learned. The process was developed for remote operation in a hot cell. Lessons learned from the prototype testing were incorporated into the process design.

Del Cul, G.D.

2000-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

205

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C4, supplkment au no 4 , Tome 40, avril 1979, page C4-19 Band structures of NaCl structure uranium compounds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

structures of NaCl structure uranium compounds R. Allen and M. S. S. Brooks Commission of the European Karlsruhe 1, F.R.G. R6sum6. -Des calculs de structure de bande ont BtC accomplis pour les monopnictures d'uranium been made for the uranium monopnictides and for the monochalcogenide US. The band structures were

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

206

Measurement of the Low Energy Nuclear Response in NaI(Tl) Crystals for Use in Dark Matter Direct Detection Experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The response of low energy nuclear recoil in NaI(Tl) is investigated in the following experiment. Such detectors have been used recently to search for evidence of dark matter in the form of weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs). NaI(Tl) crystal response to nuclear recoil energy deposition is a key element in these searches. I discuss the cosmological and experimental motivations for these experiments, followed by an overview of the physics of direct detection and current relevant WIMP search experiments. With the experiment motivations covered, the details of NaI(Tl) detectors are reviewed. The specifics of our experiment are laid out including the neutron production, neutron beam calibration, shielding optimization, experimental design and setup. Then the crystal response calibration studies and Geant4 simulations are discussed followed by the final quenching factor values and uncertainties. This experiment measured quenching factors for sodium recoils in the energy range of (9 keV-40 keV) of 19%-27% QF. These results are similar to current published measurements. Interesting features of the QF measurements include an increase at low energies and a dip in the values at 30 keV, the iodine K-shell absorption edge. The goal of this experiment was to add valuable measurements of nuclear recoils at low energies that are relevant to low-mass WIMP experiments. Future plans will improve and expand on these measurements in order to better understand the response of NaI(Tl) at low energies.

Stiegler, Tyana Michele

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Simulation of the Bishop Steam Foam Pilot by T.W. Patzek and N.A. h4yhiil, Shell Development Co.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,.. SEW SPE 18786 Simulation of the Bishop Steam Foam Pilot by T.W. Patzek and N.A. h4yhiil, Shell a simple model of steam foam transport and apply it to the Shell Kern River Bishop pilot. The only an incremental 5.5 percent OOIP recovery due to steam foam and additional 3 percent OOIP due to infill wells

Patzek, Tadeusz W.

208

Thermodynamic Model for SnO2(cr) and SnO2(am) Solubility in the Aqueous Na+-H+ -OH- -Cl- -H2O System  

SciTech Connect

The solubility of SnO2(cassiterite) was studied at 23 ? 2?C as functions of time (7 – 49 days) and pH value (0-14.5). Steady state concentrations were reached in < 7 days. The data were interpreted using the SIT model. The data shows that SnO2(cassiterite) is the stable phase at pH values of < ~11.7. These extensive data provided a log10 K0 value of -64.39 ± 0.30 for the reaction (SnO2(cassiterite) + 2H2O = Sn4+ + 4OH-) and values of 1.86 ± 0.30, ? -0.62, -9.20 ± 0.34, and -20.28 ± 0.34 for the reaction (Sn4+ + nH2O = Sn(OH)n4-n + nH+) with values of “n” equal to 1, 4, 5, and 6 respectively. These thermodynamic hydrolysis constants were used to reinterpret the extensive literature data for SnO2(am) solubility, which provided a log10 K0 value of -61.80 ± 0.29 for the reaction (SnO2(am) + 2H2O = Sn4+ + 4OH-). SnO2(cassiterite) is unstable under highly alkaline conditions (NaOH concentrations > 0.003 mol.dm-3) and transforms to a double salt of SnO2 and NaOH. Although additional well-focused studies will be required for confirmation, the experimental data in the highly alkaline region (0.003 to 3.5 mol.dm-3 NaOH) can be well described with log10 K0 of -5.29 ± 0.35 for the reaction (Na2Sn(OH)6(s) = Na2Sn(OH)6(aq)).

Rai, Dhanpat; Yui, Mikazu; Schaef, Herbert T.; Kitamura, Akira

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Rapid gasification of nascent char in steam atmosphere during the pyrolysis of Na- and Ca-ion-exchanged brown coals in a drop-tube reactor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several recent studies on in situ steam gasification of coal suggest a possibility of extremely fast steam gasification of char from rapid pyrolysis of pulverized brown coal. The unprecedented rate of char steam gasification can be achieved by exposing nascent char, that is, after tar evolution (temperature range >600{sup o}C), but before devolatilization (coal samples, that is, H-form coal with Na/Ca contents coal with Na content = 2.8 wt % and Ca-form coal with Ca content = 3.2 wt %. These samples were pyrolyzed in an atmospheric drop-tube reactor at a temperature of 900{sup o}C, inlet steam concentration of 50 vol. %, and a particle residence times of 2.8 s. The char yields from the pyrolysis of Na-form and Ca-form coals were as low as 12 and 33% on the respective coal carbon bases, and accounted for only 18 and 53% of the char yields from the full devolatilization of the respective coals at 900{sup o}C. In addition, the pyrolysis also consumed as much as 0.7-1.1 mol of H{sub 2}O per mol of coal C. On the other hand, the nascent char from the H-form coal allowed carbon deposition from the nascent tar, resulting in a char yield as high as 115% of that from the full devolatilization. The chars from the Na-form and Ca-form coals also acted as catalysts for steam reforming of tar, which was evidenced by significant negative synergistic effects of blending of H-form coal with Na-form coal or Ca-form coal on the tar and soot yields. 57 refs., 6 figs.

Ondej Maek; Sou Hosokai; Koyo Norinaga; Chun-Zhu Li; Jun-ichiro Hayashi [Hokkaido University, Kita-ku (Japan). Center for Advanced Research of Energy Conversion Materials

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

210

Russia’s R&D for Low Energy Buildings: Insights for Cooperation with Russia  

SciTech Connect

Russian buildings, Russian buildings sector energy consumption. Russian government has made R&D investment a priority again. The government and private sector both invest in a range of building energy technologies. In particular, heating, ventilation and air conditioning, district heating, building envelope, and lighting have active technology research projects and programs in Russia.

Schaaf, Rebecca E.; Evans, Meredydd

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Laboratory Test Report for Fujitsu 12RLS and Mitsubishi FE12NA Mini-Split Heat Pumps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mini-split heat pumps are being proposed as a new retrofit option to replace resistance heating in the Pacific Northwest. NREL has previously developed a field test protocol for mini-split systems to ensure consistent results from field tests. This report focuses on the development of detailed system performance maps for mini-split heat pumps so that the potential benefits of mini-split systems can be accurately analyzed for different climate regions and housing types. This report presents laboratory test results for two mini-split heat pumps. Steady-state heating and cooling performance for the Fujitsu 12RLS and Mitsubishi FE12NA was tested under a wide range of outdoor and indoor temperatures at various compressor and fan speeds. Cycling performance for each unit was also tested under both modes of operation. Both systems performed quite well under low loads and the experimental test data aligned with manufacturer reported values. Adequate datasets were attained to promote performance modeling of these two systems in the future.

Winkler, J.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Tropospheric Chemistry of Internally Mixed Sea Salt and Organic Particles: Surprising Reactivity of NaCl with Weak Organic Acids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Chemical imaging analysis of internally mixed sea salt/organic particles collected on board the Department of Energy (DOE) G-1 aircraft during the 2010 Carbonaceous Aerosols and Radiative Effects Study (CARES) was performed using electron microscopy and X-ray spectro-microscopy techniques. Substantial chloride depletion in aged sea salt particles was observed, which could not be explained by the known atmospheric reactivity of sea salt with inorganic nitric and sulfuric acids. We present field evidence that chloride components in sea salt particles may effectively react with organic acids releasing HCl gas to the atmosphere, leaving behind particles depleted in chloride and enriched in the corresponding organic salts. While formation of the organic salts products is not thermodynamically favored for bulk aqueous chemistry, these reactions in aerosol are driven by high volatility and irreversible evaporation of the HCl product from drying particles. These field observations were corroborated in a set of laboratory experiments where NaCl particles mixed with organic acids were found to be depleted in chloride. Combined together, the results indicate substantial chemical reactivity of sea salt particles with secondary organics that has been largely overlooked in the atmospheric aerosol chemistry. Atmospheric aging, and especially hydration-dehydration cycles of mixed sea salt/organic particles may result in formation of organic salts that will modify acidity, hygroscopic and optical properties of aged particles.

Laskin, Alexander; Moffet, Ryan C.; Gilles, Marry K.; Fast, Jerome D.; Zaveri, Rahul A.; Wang, Bingbing; Nigge, P.; Shutthanandan, Janani I.

2012-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

213

Russia’s Natural Gas Export Potential up to 2050  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent increases in natural gas reserve estimates and advances in shale gas technology make natural gas a fuel with good prospects to serve a bridge to a low-carbon world. Russia is an important energy supplier as it holds the world largest natural gas reserves and it is the world’s largest exporter of natural gas. Energy was one of the driving forces of Russia’s recent economic recovery from the economic collapse of 1990s. These prospects have changed drastically with a global recession and the collapse of oil and gas prices from their peaks of 2008. An additional factor is an ongoing surge in a liquefied natural gas (LNG) capacity and a development of Central Asia’s and the Middle East gas supplies that can compete with Russian gas in its traditional (European) and potential (Asian) markets. To study the long-term prospects for Russian natural gas, we employ the MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA) model, a computable general equilibrium model of the world economy. While we consider the updated reserve estimates for all world regions, in this paper we focus on the results for Russian natural gas trade. The role of natural gas is explored in the context of several policy assumptions: with no greenhouse gas mitigation policy and scenarios of emissions targets in developed countries. Scenarios where Europe takes on an even more restrictive target of 80

Sergey Paltsev; Sergey Paltsev

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Na-Batteries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 19, 2011... friction using nanolubricants between moving parts 3) Transfer: Improved thermal management using nanofluids in heat transfer applications ...

215

Alumina Production in Russia Part I  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The historical development of Russia's alumina production capacity is closely connected with the development of the Soviet Union's aluminum industry, although ...

216

The generation of HCl in the system NaCl-KCl-H{sub 2}O-quartz at 600{degrees}C: Implications regarding HCl in natural systems at lower temperatures  

SciTech Connect

In experiments at 600°C in the system NaCI-KCI-H2O, within the analytical uncertainty, stoichiometric quantities of Cl and total alkali metals (Na+K) appear to dissolve in steam coexisting with chloride-rich brine at high pressures in the absence of solid salt. In contrast, at lower pressures, where steam coexists with precipitated salts, significant excess chloride as associated hydrogen chloride (HCI°) dissolves in steam. The HCI° appears to be generated by the reaction of solid NaCl(s) (halite) with steam, producing solid NaOH(s) that diffuses into halite, forming a solid solution. Where HCI° is present highly associated NaOH° as well as associated NaCI° appear to dissolve in steam, and the solubility of each is increased as the mole fraction of NaOH(s) in halite increases. In our quasi-static experiments, compared to dynamic flow-through experiments of others, higher initial ratios of H2O/NaCI have resulted in higher mole fractions of NaOH(s) in solid solution in halite and, accordingly, higher solubilities of NaCI" and NaOH" dissolved in steam. Addition of quartz to the system NaCI-KCI-H2O results in the formation of sodium disilicate by reaction of silica with NaOH(s) and an order of magnitude increase in the concentration of HCl° dissolved in steam. In natural hydrothermal systems at lower temperatures where brine or brine plus steam are present in the absence of precipitated salt, the pH of the brine is controlled mainly by base exchange reactions involving a variety of silicates that fix Na+/H+ and K+/H+ activity ratios. Where feldspars are present pH values generally are near neutral. Where mica, but no feldspar is present pH values may become only moderately acid. High acidity in salt-absent brine systems occurs only where all feldspars and mica have been altered to other minerals (generally pyrophyllite/ kaolinite or alunite). The situation changes significantly when salt precipitates. Hydrolysis produces HCI° by the reaction of water with NaCl when halite is present. The NaOH(s) that is produced as a byproduct is likely to react with quartz plus various alumino-silicates, producing a variety of alteration products and allowing steam to become greatly enriched in HCl° compared to the composition of steam that is attained in the simple system NaCI-KCI-H2O with halite present. Also, when a natural high-temperature hydrothermal system changes from one in which the pore fluid is brine to one in which the pore fluid is dry steam there is a drastic change in Na+/H+ and K+/H+ activity ratios in the pore fluid because the hydrogen ions that were predominantly dissociated species in the brine become predominantly associated species in steam. The net result is the stabilization of alkali feldspars in contact with steam that may contain appreciable HCI° that is produced by the reaction of precipitated salt with the steam.

Fournier, Robert O.; Thompson, J. Michael

1993-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

217

Power Politics: The Political Economy of Russia's Electricity Sector Liberalization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Most of Russia’s coal fired plants are old, built in the 50spower rely on coal-fired plants, which were uninteresting tocampaign that turned coal fired plants in European Russia

Wenle, Susanne Alice

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Correlation of the Na/K ratio in geothermal well waters with the thermodynamic properties of low albite and potash feldspar  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Na/K ratio in geothermal well waters provides a better estimate of the relative stability of low albite and potash feldspar than do predictions from calorimetry and high temperature phase equilibria. The calculated saturation indices from field data for low albite, potash feldspar suggest that [Delta]G[sub f,298][sup o] for the latter should be revised to [minus]3748.6[plus minus]3.7 kJ.mol[sup [minus]1].

Apps, J.A.; Chang, G.M.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C4, supplment au n 4, Tome 40, avril 1979, page C4-77 Shake-up satellites in the U4f E.S.C.A. spectra of NaCl-type uranium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-up satellites in the U4f E.S.C.A. spectra of NaCl-type uranium monocompounds: UN, UP, UAs and US E. Thibaut quatre composés d'uranium, tous de structure NaCl, sont décrits et discutés en vue d'une approche du caractère de la liaison chimique. Abstract. -- The U4f E.S.C.A. spectra of four NaCl-type uranium

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

220

U.S. and Russia Sign Plutonium Disposition Agreement | National...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Agreement U.S. and Russia Sign Plutonium Disposition Agreement September 01, 2000 Washington, DC U.S. and Russia Sign Plutonium Disposition Agreement After two years of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na na russia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Kenai, AK Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Russia (Dollars per...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Kenai, AK Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Russia (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Kenai, AK Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Russia (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade...

222

Synthesis, characterization, and ion exchange properties of a sodium nonatitanate, Na4Ti9O20.xH2O  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

During the Cold War, the Hanford Weapons Site in Richland, Washington, produced weapons grade plutonium which first needed to be separated from the other products using the PUREX process (plutonium and uranium extraction). As a by product of this process, millions of cubic meters of highly acidic radioactive waste were produced which are now stored in million gallon tanks at the Hanford site. Over the years, some tanks have been known to leak and some are even in danger of exploding. Because of these problems, the waste needs to be removed from these tanks and given permanent, safe storage. The purpose of this research is to produce a more efficient ion exchanger to separate the highly radioactive isotopes (9oSr, 137 Cs and transuranics) from the large quantities of inert salts. The smaller volume of high level waste produced can then be vitrified in glass and stored, while the low level waste can be poured into less expensive cement and glass. In this work, different parameters of the synthesis of the sodium nonatitanate ion exchanger, Na4Ti9O2OoxH20, such as the Na and Ti reactants, the heating time, oven temperature, Na:Ti mole ratio, and heating method, were altered and their effects on Sr2' ion exchange selectivity were examined. For example, the heating time was varied from I day to 2, 3, 7, and 30 days. Although the crystallinity remained the same from the I day to the 2 day sample, as the heating time further increased, the crystallinity improved. The most Sr selective material was the 2 day sample with a Kd (distribution coefficient) of 1.22x 106 MI/g in O.lM Na/ O.OOIM Sr solution. The Kd's steadily decreased as the sample crystallinity increased with a maximum Kd of only 1.6OxlO5 in O.OIM Na/ O.OO I M Sr solution after a heating time of 30 days. However, in a simulated waste such as NCAW, the 2 day sample gave a Kd of only 1.44x 105 MI/g, while the I day sample gave a value of 2.50x 105 . This indicates that the nonatitanate synthesis needs to be uniquely designed to optimize Sr 2+ removal in each specific type of waste to be remediated.

Graziano, Gina Marie

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Neutron and X-ray diffraction studies on the high temperature phase of Mn{sub 3}(VO{sub 4}){sub 2}, the new isostructural compound NaMn{sub 4}(VO{sub 4}){sub 3} and their mixed crystals Na{sub x}Mn{sub 4.5-x/2}(VO{sub 4}){sub 3} (0{<=}x{<=}1)  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a detailed structure analysis (combined Rietveld analysis of X-ray and neutron powder diffraction data as well as quantum mechanical calculations) of the high temperature phase of Mn{sub 3}(VO{sub 4}){sub 2} (space group I4 Macron 2d). Special attention is directed to the analysis of the local coordination around Mn{sup 2+} ions or vacancies within a stella quadrangula configuration of anions. Furthermore, the new compound NaMn{sub 4}(VO{sub 4}){sub 3} is described as well as a range of mixed crystals between NaMn{sub 4}(VO{sub 4}){sub 3} and Mn{sub 3}(VO{sub 4}){sub 2} (described by the formula Na{sub x}Mn{sub 4.5-x/2}(VO{sub 4}){sub 3}, 0{<=}x{<=}1) which were synthesized by a solid state route. All compounds were shown to be isostructural to the high temperature phase Mn{sub 3}(VO{sub 4}){sub 2}. - Graphical abstract: The crystal structure of the new compound NaMn{sub 4}(VO{sub 4}){sub 3}. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We present neutron and X-ray diffraction studies on high temperature-Mn{sub 3}(VO{sub 4}){sub 2}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Structural details of partly filled stellae quadrangulae positions are discussed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Refined structural parameters and theoretical calculations are compared. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We investigate the mixed crystal system Mn{sub 3}(VO{sub 4}){sub 2}-NaMn{sub 4}(VO{sub 4}){sub 3}.

Clemens, Oliver [Universitaet des Saarlandes, Institut fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie und Radiochemie, Am Markt, Zeile 5, 66125 Saarbruecken (Germany)] [Universitaet des Saarlandes, Institut fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie und Radiochemie, Am Markt, Zeile 5, 66125 Saarbruecken (Germany); Haberkorn, Robert [Universitaet des Saarlandes, Anorganische Festkoerperchemie, Am Markt, Zeile 3, 66125 Saarbruecken (Germany)] [Universitaet des Saarlandes, Anorganische Festkoerperchemie, Am Markt, Zeile 3, 66125 Saarbruecken (Germany); Springborg, Michael [Universitaet des Saarlandes, Physikalische und Theoretische Chemie, Campus B2 2, 66123 Saarbruecken (Germany)] [Universitaet des Saarlandes, Physikalische und Theoretische Chemie, Campus B2 2, 66123 Saarbruecken (Germany); Beck, Horst Philipp, E-mail: hp.beck@mx.uni-saarland.de [Universitaet des Saarlandes, Institut fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie und Radiochemie, Am Markt, Zeile 5, 66125 Saarbruecken (Germany)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

224

SV_Jurij.qxd 19/07/2002 08:59 Page 1 Podru`ni~na cerkev v Tacnu je posve~ena sv. Juriju, mu~encu.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tronu je cerkveni zavetnik sv. Jurij, rimski vojak, ki s sulico prebada zmaja. Slike za zapiranje trona ni. Ob stenah trona so stirje evangelisti: desno ob njem sv. Marko, na obhodnem loku sv. Matej, levo

Silc, Jurij

225

Local Effects in the X-ray Absorption Spectrum of CaCl2, MgCl2, and NaCl Solutions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Both first principles molecular dynamics and theoretical X-ray absorption spectroscopy have been used to investigate the aqueous solvation of cations in 0.5 M MgCl{sub 2}, CaCl{sub 2}, and NaCl solutions. We focus here on the species-specific effects that Mg{sup 2+}, Ca{sup 2+}, and Na{sup +}, have on the X-ray absorption spectrum of the respective solutions. For the divalent cations, we find that the hydrogen bonding characteristics of the more rigid magnesium first shell water molecules differ from those in the more flexible solvation shell surrounding calcium. In particular, the first solvation shell water molecules of calcium are accessible to forming acceptor hydrogen bonds, and this results in an enhancement of a post-edge peak near 540 eV. The absence of acceptor hydrogen bonds for magnesium first shell water molecules provides an explanation for the experimental and theoretical observation of a lack of enhancement at the post-main-edge peak. For the sodium monovalent cation we find that the broad tilt angle distribution results in a broadening of post-edge features, despite populations in donor-and-acceptor configurations consistent with calcium. We also present the re-averaged spectra of the MgCl{sub 2}, CaCl{sub 2}, and NaCl solutions and show that trends apparent with increasing concentration (0.5 M, 2.0 M, 4.0 M) are consistent with experiment. Finally, we examine more closely both the effect that cation coordination number has on the hydrogen bonding network and the relative perturbation strength of the cations on lone pair oxygen orbitals.

Kulik, H J; Correa Tedesco, A A; Schwegler, E; Prendergast, D; Galli, G

2010-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

226

Crystal and magnetic structures and physical properties of a new pyroxene NaMnGe2O6 synthesized under high pressure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new pyroxene NaMnGe2O6 has been synthesized at 3 GPa and 800 C, and fully characterized by x-ray single-crystal diffraction and neutron powder diffraction, measurements of magnetization and specific heat. Like other majority sodium pyroxenes, NaMnGe2O6 crystallizes into a monoclinic C2/c structure with unit-cell parameters a = 9.859(2) , b = 8.7507(18) , c = 5.5724(11) , and =105.64(3) at room temperature. The crystal structure is featured by quasi-one-dimensional chains of skew edge-sharing MnO6 octahedra running along the crystallographic c axis; these chains are connected by non-magnetic GeO4 tetrahedra, so as to lead to a low-dimensional magnetism. The highly distorted MnO6 octahedron consisting of three Mn-O bond lengths, i.e. 1.918 , 1.991 , and 2.198 , is consistent with the Jahn-Teller effect at Mn3+ in a cubic crystal field. A long-range cooperative Jahn-Teller distortion is formed by ordering longest Mn-O bonds between two neighboring octahedra along the chain direction. No orbital order-disorder transition has been found up to 750 K as checked by magnetic susceptibility. Like other alkali-metal pyroxenes with S > , NaMnGe2O6 (S = 2) was found to undergo a long-range antiferromagnetic ordering at TN = 7 K at low magnetic field due to the exchange interactions along and between chains. Due to the peculiar structural features and the corresponding magnetic coupling, the weak AF spin ordering gives way to a ferromagnetic-like state at a sufficiently high magnetic field. Specific-heat measurements demonstrated that a large portion of the magnetic entropy, i.e. > 60 %, has been removed above TN as a result of strong spin correlations within the quasi-one-dimensional Mn3+-spin chains. Neutron powder diffraction study suggests a commensurate magnetic structure defined by k = [0 0 0.5] with Mn moments aligned along the c axis. The present study on NaMnGe2O6 completed the evolution of magnetic properties as a function of the d-orbital occupancy from d1 to d5 in the magnetic pyroxenes.

Yan, Jiaqiang [ORNL; Tian, Wei [ORNL; May, Andrew F [ORNL; Cheng, J G [University of Texas, Austin; Zhou, J.-S. [University of Texas, Austin; Garlea, Vasile O [ORNL; Neuefeind, Joerg C [ORNL; Steinfink, Hugo [University of Texas, Austin; Lynch, V [University of Texas, Austin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Electrochemical corrosion studies on copper-base waste package container materials in unirradiated 0.1 N NaNO{sub 3} at 95{degrees}C  

SciTech Connect

Three candidate materials were investigated in this study in terms of their electrochemical corrosion behavior in unirradiated 0.1 N NaNO{sub 3} solutions at 95{degrees}C. Anodic polarization experiments were conducted to determine the passive current densities, pitting potentials, and other parameters, together with Cyclic Current Reversal Voltammetry tests to evaluate the stability and protectiveness of the passive oxides formed. X-ray diffraction and Auger Electron Spectroscopy were used for identification of the corrosion products as well as Scanning Electron Microscopy for the surface morphology studies. 2 refs., 22 figs., 2 tabs.

Akkaya, M.; Verink, E.D. Jr. [Florida Univ., Gainesville, FL (USA); Van Konynenburg, R.A. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (USA)

1988-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Perspectives for logistics clusters development in Russia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is a normative work aimed at identifying locations in Russia with high, medium and unclear potentials for logistics cluster development. As a framework this work uses four different models of logistics clusters: ...

Tantsuyev, Andriy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Structure and temperature-dependent phase transitions of lead-free Bi[subscript 1/2]Na[subscript 1/2]TiO[subscript 3]?Bi[subscript 1/2]K[subscript 1/2]TiO[subscript 3]?K[subscript 0.5]Na[subscript 0.5]NbO[subscript 3] piezoceramics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Structure and phase transitions of (1-y)((1-x)Bi{sub 1/2}Na{sub 1/2}TiO{sub 3}-xBi{sub 1/2}K{sub 1/2}TiO{sub 3})-yK{sub 0.5}Na{sub 0.5}NbO{sub 3} (x; y) piezoceramics (0.1 {le} x {le} 0.4; 0 {le} y {le} 0.05) were investigated by transmission electron microscopy, neutron diffraction, temperature-dependent x-ray diffraction, and Raman spectroscopy. The local crystallographic structure at room temperature (RT) does not change by adding K{sub 0.5}Na{sub 0.5}NbO{sub 3} to Bi{sub 1/2}Na{sub 1/2}TiO{sub 3}-xBi{sub 1/2}K{sub 1/2}TiO{sub 3} for x = 0.2 and 0.4. The average crystal structure and microstructure on the other hand develop from mainly long-range polar order with ferroelectric domains to short-range order with polar nanoregions displaying a more pronounced relaxor character. The (0.1; 0) and (0.1; 0.02) compositions exhibit monoclinic Cc space group symmetry, which transform into Cc + P4bm at 185 and 130 C, respectively. This high temperature phase is stable at RT for the morphotropic phase boundary compositions of (0.1; 0.05) and all compositions with x = 0.2. For the compositions of (0.1; 0) and (0.1; 0.02), local structural changes on heating are evidenced by Raman; for all other compositions, changes in the long-range average crystal structure were observed.

Anton, Eva-Maria; Schmitt, Ljubomira Ana; Hinterstein, Manuel; Trodahl, Joe; Kowalski, Ben; Jo, Wook; Kleebe, Hans-Joachim; Rödel, Jürgen; Jones, Jacob L. (TU Darmstadt); (VUW); (Florida)

2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

230

High performance Na-doped PbTe-PbS thermoelectric materials: electronic density of states modification and shaped-controlled nanostructures.  

SciTech Connect

Thermoelectric heat-to-power generation is an attractive option for robust and environmentally friendly renewable energy production. Historically, the performance of thermoelectric materials has been limited by low efficiencies, related to the thermoelectric figure-of-merit ZT. Nanostructuring thermoelectric materials have shown to enhance ZT primarily via increasing phonon scattering, beneficially reducing lattice thermal conductivity. Conversely, density-of-states (DOS) engineering has also enhanced electronic transport properties. However, successfully joining the two approaches has proved elusive. Herein, we report a thermoelectric materials system whereby we can control both nanostructure formations to effectively reduce thermal conductivity, while concurrently modifying the electronic structure to significantly enhance thermoelectric power factor. We report that the thermoelectric system PbTe-PbS 12% doped with 2% Na produces shape-controlled cubic PbS nanostructures, which help reduce lattice thermal conductivity, while altering the solubility of PbS within the PbTe matrix beneficially modifies the DOS that allow for enhancements in thermoelectric power factor. These concomitant and synergistic effects result in a maximum ZT for 2% Na-doped PbTe-PbS 12% of 1.8 at 800 K.

Girard, S. N.; He, J.; Zhou, X.; Shoemaker, D.; Jaworski, C. M.; Uher, C.; Dravid, V. P.; Heremans, J. P.; Kanatzidis, M. G. (Materials Science Division); (Northwestern Univ.); (Univ. Michigan-Ann Arbor); (Ohio State Univ.)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

High-Energy Threshold Reaction Rates on 0.8 GeV Proton-Irradiated Thick W and W-Na Targets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Threshold activation reaction rates in 12C, 19F, 27Al, 59Co, 63Cu, 65Cu, 64Zn, 93Nb, 115In, 169Tm, 181Ta, 197Au, and 209Bi experimental samples placed along the axis inside and outside the 0.8 GeV proton-irradiated 92-cm thick W-Na and 4-cm thick W targets where measured at the ITEP proton synchrotron. 158 reactions of up to +AH4-0.5 GeV thresholds have been measured in 123 activation samples for W-Na target, and 157 reactions in 36 activation samples for W target. The reaction rates were determined using the gamma-spectrometry method. In total, more than 1000 values of activation reactions were determined in the experiments. In both cases the measured reaction rates were compared with the LAHET code simulated rates and using several nuclear databases for the respective excitation functions, namely, ENDF/B6 for cross section of neutrons at energies below 20 MeV and MENDL2 together with MENDL2P for cross sections of protons and neutrons of 20 to 100 MeV energies. A general satisfactory agreement between simulated and experimental data has been found.

Yu. E. Titarenko; V. F. Batyaev; E. I. Karpikhin; V. M. Zhivun; A. B. Koldobsky; R. D. Mulambetov; S. V. Mulambetova; S. L. Zaitsev; S. G. Mashnik; R. E. Prael

2004-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

232

A first-principles density functional theory study of the electronic structural and thermodynamic properties of M2ZrO3 and M2CO3 (M=Na, K) and their capabilities for CO2 capture  

SciTech Connect

Alkali metal zirconates could be used as solid sorbents for CO{sub 2} capture. The structural, electronic, and phonon properties of Na{sub 2}ZrO{sub 3}, K{sub 2}ZrO{sub 3}, Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3}, and K{sub 2}CO{sub 3} are investigated by combining the density functional theory with lattice phonon dynamics. The thermodynamics of CO{sub 2} absorption/desorption reactions of these two zirconates are analyzed. The calculated results show that their optimized structures are in a good agreement with experimental measurements. The calculated band gaps are 4.339 eV (indirect), 3.641 eV (direct), 3.935 eV (indirect), and 3.697 eV (direct) for Na{sub 2}ZrO{sub 3}, K{sub 2}ZrO{sub 3}, Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3}, and K{sub 2}CO{sub 3}, respectively.The calculated phonon dispersions and phonon density of states for M{sub 2}ZrO{sub 3} and M{sub 2}CO{sub 3} (M = K, Na, Li) revealed that from K to Na to Li, their frequency peaks are shifted to high frequencies due to the molecular weight decreased from K to Li. From the calculated reaction heats and relationships of free energy change versus temperatures and CO{sub 2} pressures of the M{sub 2}ZrO{sub 3} (M = K, Na, Li) reacting with CO{sub 2}, we found that the performance of Na{sub 2}ZrO{sub 3} capturing CO{sub 2} is similar to that of Li{sub 2}ZrO{sub 3} and is better than that of K{sub 2}ZrO{sub 3}. Therefore, Na{sub 2}ZrO{sub 3} and Li{sub 2}ZrO{sub 3} are good candidates of high temperature CO{sub 2} sorbents and could be used for post combustion CO{sub 2} capture technologies.

Yuhua Duan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Why Russia is not a state  

SciTech Connect

This article makes two principal points. First the author argues that the Russian federation has never been a state and is not sustainable as a state. Four centrifugal indicators are presented to support this claim: ethnic divisiveness; uncertainty about the legitimacy of Russia`s current borders; competing claims for legitimacy on the part of federal and regional leaders; and army units` unpredictable allegiances. Second, she argues that Soviet policies intended to facilitate central control of the periphery had the perverse effect of creating ethnic identity and demands for national autonomy where, in many cases, they did not exist prior to the Communist regime. Following the introduction, part one briefly reviews the concepts of state, nation, and nationalism and the roles they play in Russia. Criteria for state-hood are discussed. Part two lists the main ethnic groups in Russia and considers the roots of ethnic nationalism in the Russian Federation. Part three discusses confusion over the legitimacy of the physical, economic, and political boundaries of the Russian Federation. Part four discusses political disarray in the center and the regions and the lack of unity among order-enforcing entities. The Volga-Ural region -- where there is a large concentration of nuclear weapons and facilities, and which is especially volatile politically -- is discussed in somewhat more detail. Part five argues that these factors taken together call into question Russia`s identity as a state. The author concludes that Russia remains a multi-ethnic empire in which the rule of law is still not supreme.

Stern, J.E.

1993-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

234

Crystal structure and magnetic properties of NaCu{sup II}[(Cu{sup II}{sub 3}O)(PO{sub 4}){sub 2}Cl  

SciTech Connect

A new copper(II) oxide phosphate chloride, NaCu{sup II}[(Cu{sup II}{sub 3}O)(PO{sub 4}){sub 2}Cl], has been synthesized by flux synthesis. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction data show that the title compound crystallizes in the monoclinic system, space group P2{sub 1}/c (No. 14), with lattice parameters a=8.392(2) A, b=6.3960(10) A, c=16.670(2) A, {beta}=109.470(10) Degree-Sign , V=843.6(3) A{sup 3}, Z=4. The crystal structure is characterized by a complex chain of copper-centered polyhedra running along [0 1 0] which are connected by phosphate tetrahedra. The resulting three-dimensional polyhedra framework exhibits channels filled by additional copper and sodium atoms. Field and temperature dependent measurements of the specific heat and the magnetic susceptibility reveal low-dimensional magnetic behavior. The compound starts to decompose at 700 K under release of oxygen and evaporation of Cu{sup I}Cl as shown by simultaneous thermogravimetry and mass spectrometry. - Graphical abstract: The crystal structure of the new copper(II) phosphate chloride, NaCu{sup II}[(Cu{sup II}{sub 3}O)(PO{sub 4}){sub 2}Cl], exhibits linear chains of copper tetrahedra which show low-dimensional magnetic behavior proven by specific heat and magnetic susceptibility measurements. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A new copper(II) oxide phosphate chloride, NaCu{sup II}[(Cu{sup II}{sub 3}O)(PO{sub 4}){sub 2}Cl], has been synthesized by flux synthesis. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The crystal structure comprises chains of Cu{sub 4}O tetrahedra. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Low-dimensional behavior has been proven by magnetic and specific heat measurements. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer On heating, Cu{sup I}Cl and oxygen are released shown by simultaneous thermogravimetry and mass spectrometry.

Jin Tengteng [Key Laboratory of Transparent Opto-Functional Inorganic Materials, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dingxi Rd. 1295, Shanghai 200050 (China); Liu Wei [Institute of Science and Engineering of Materials, Ocean University of China, Qingdao (China); Chen Shuang; Prots, Yurii; Schnelle, Walter [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Chemische Physik fester Stoffe, Noethnitzer Str. 40, 01187 Dresden (Germany); Zhao Jingtai [Key Laboratory of Transparent Opto-Functional Inorganic Materials, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dingxi Rd. 1295, Shanghai 200050 (China); Kniep, Ruediger [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Chemische Physik fester Stoffe, Noethnitzer Str. 40, 01187 Dresden (Germany); Hoffmann, Stefan, E-mail: stefan.hoffmann@cpfs.mpg.de [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Chemische Physik fester Stoffe, Noethnitzer Str. 40, 01187 Dresden (Germany)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

235

Ties That Do Not Bind: Russia and the International Liberal Order  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Iran, Russia, and Afghanistan”, Program on Energy and SustainableIran, Russia, and Afghanistan”, Program on Energy and Sustainable

Krickovic, Andrej

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Seismic Regionalization In Northeast Russia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In an effort to characterize seismicity in support of nuclear explosion monitoring for the continental regions of northeast Russia, we have been analyzing information obtained from regional seismic network operators. Our goal is to merge catalog, bulletin, waveform, and other ground truth data from several regional networks into a comprehensive data set that we will use for various seismic research projects. To date we have compiled a bulletin from published and unpublished event data of about 200,000 events and over 150,000 arrival times. We have also determined that the Russian regional network catalogs are contaminated with mining-explosion events. Hence, one of our primary efforts is to identify mining events when possible and move them into a separate bulletin from the natural earthquakes. We have extended our preliminary analysis of explosion contamination of Russian seismicity catalogs using temporal analysis into the Irkutsk and Chita districts and the Buryat Republic. Based on analysis of epicenters and origin times reported in Material po Seismichnost' Sibiri for 1970 -- 1993, it is likely that considerable explosion contamination occurs in the gold (Bodaibo, northern Irkutsk Region, and in the Chita region), mica (Vitim, northern Irkutsk Region), and other mining areas (Bushulei, Nerchinsk, and Petrovsk in the Buryat and Chita areas). Explosion contamination is also observed in northernmost Mongolia in the mining and industrial district near Darkhan. Explosions associated with the construction of the Baikal-Amur Mainline Railroad are likely, as was observed in the Amur district; however, the amount of natural seismicity dominates the activity and makes it impossible to resolve the railroad separately. In conjunction with the Magadan Seismic Network operators,...

Kevin Mackey Kazuya; Kazuya Fujita; Lee K. Steck; Hans E. Hartse

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Synthesis and Stability of NaSICON for Sodium-Based Batteries - Dave Ingersoll & Erik Spoerke, SNL  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

No No c rossover, e liminates c athode---anode m aterials c ompa4bility i ssues * Planar b ipolar s tacks & fl ow d esigns a re p ossible Phosphate G lasses Silicate G lasses Engineered s ol---gel p rocessing a llows f or l ower t emperature p rocessing a nd t ailoring o f NaSICON c omposi4on t o a ddress s econdary Z rO 2 f orma4on. Reducing fi ring t emperature below 1 100 o C o r i ntroducing a small e xcess o f s odium t o t he sol---gel p recursors d rama4cally reduces Z rO 2 f orma4on. !" #!" $!!" $#!" %!!" %#!" &!!" &#!" '!!" ()*+*)",-."%/" 012*)",-."$&/" !!"#$%&#'()*+,-# 3*4*)56" 7*8)56*9:" 35+*9:" ;<52-<5892" ! "#!µ$! !"#$%&'"(% $#))"*+,$% -*.))/% 012*3)#"1%

238

Gamow-Teller strengths in 24Na using the 24Mg(t,3He) reaction at 115 AMeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gamow-Teller transitions from 24Mg to 24Na were studied via the (t,3He) reaction at 115 AMeV using a secondary triton beam produced via fast fragmentation of 150 AMeV 16O ions. Compared to previous (t,3He) experiments at this energy that employed a primary alpha beam, the secondary beam intensity is improved by about a factor of five. Despite the large emittance of the secondary beam, an excitation-energy resolution of ~200 keV is achieved. A good correspondence is found between the extracted Gamow-Teller strength distribution and those available from other charge-exchange probes. Theoretical calculations using the newly developed USDA and USDB sd-shell model interactions reproduce the data well.

M. E. Howard; R. G. T. Zegers; Sam M. Austin; D. Bazin; B. A. Brown; A. L. Cole; B. Davids; M. Famiano; Y. Fujita; A. Gade; D. Galaviz; G. W. Hitt; M. Matos; S. D. Reitzner; C. Samanta; L. J. Schradin; Y. Shimbara; E. E. Smith; C. Simenel

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

239

First-principles calculations of the electronic structure and optical properties of K{sub 1-x}Na{sub x}TaO{sub 3} (x=0, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1)  

SciTech Connect

The first-principles calculations are performed to investigate the cubic phase composite K{sub 1-x}Na{sub x}TaO{sub 3}(x=0, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1), by using density functional theory (DFT) with the full potential linearized augmented plane wave (FP-LAPW) method. The energy band structures, density of states (DOS), electron density and optical properties are obtained. The results show that Na ion plays an important role in K{sub 1-x}Na{sub x}TaO{sub 3}. With the content of Na ion increasing, the changes of lattice parameters, energy gaps, bond lengths and optical properties of K{sub 1-x}Na{sub x}TaO{sub 3} are regular. Moreover, the dependence of ferroelectric photocatalysis on both optical properties and internal electronic structure are analyzed in detail. It is proposed that the doped materials are promising photocatalytic materials. - Graphical abstract: The density of states (DOS) of K{sub 1-x}Na{sub x}TaO{sub 3} (x=0.5). Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The first-principles calculations are performed, by using DFT with FP-LAPW method. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The changes of internal electronic structure and optical property of doped materials are regular. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The dependence of ferroelectric photocatalysis on optical properties is analyzed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The dependence of ferroelectric photocatalysis on internal electronic structure is analyzed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The doped materials are promising photocatalytic materials.

Zhao, Na [Department of Physics, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116 (China) [Department of Physics, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116 (China); College of Science, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073 (China); Wang, Yue-Hua, E-mail: wyhxxll@163.com [Department of Physics, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116 (China)] [Department of Physics, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116 (China); Wang, Qing-Xi; Hu, Wen-Jing [Department of Physics, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116 (China)] [Department of Physics, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116 (China)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

240

Relationship between calcium loading and impaired energy metabolism during Na+, K+ pump inhibition and metabolic inhibition in cultured neonatal rat cardiac myocytes  

SciTech Connect

This study tested the hypothesis that the initiating mechanism is a major determinant of the response to calcium (Ca) accumulation in myocardium. Cultured neonatal rat ventriculocytes were exposed to Na+, K+ pump inhibition with 1 mM ouabain and metabolic inhibition with 20 mM 2-deoxy-D-glucose and 1 mM cyanide (DOG-CN) for up to 2 h. Microspectrofluorometry of myocytes loaded with fura-2 showed that ouabain resulted in a relatively rapid increase in (Ca2+)i up to 2-3 microM (two to threefold above peak systolic level) and that DOG-CN produced an initial decrease and then a relatively slow increase in (Ca2+)i up to peak systolic level. Electron probe x-ray microanalysis (EPMA) showed prominent increases in Na and Ca and decreases in K and Mg in cytoplasm and mitochondria with both interventions, although the increases in Ca were greater with ouabain than DOG-CN. ATP was reduced by 58% after 1 and 2 h of ouabain and by 70 and 90% after 1 and 2 h of DOG-CN, respectively. Thus, ouabain produced greater calcium accumulation and less ATP reduction than DOG-CN. Upon return to normal medium for 30 min, myocytes showed recovery of most electrolyte alterations and resumption of normal Ca2+ transients after 1 h exposure to either ouabain or DOG-CN; however, recovery was less after 2 h of either treatment, with elevated (Ca2+)i maintained in many myocytes. We conclude that the severity of myocyte injury is influenced by the magnitude and duration of both ATP reduction and calcium accumulation.

Morris, A.C.; Hagler, H.K.; Willerson, J.T.; Buja, L.M.

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

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241

Well-logging activities in Russia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The report is a brief survey of the current state of well-logging service in Russia (number and types of crews, structure of well-logging jobs, types of techniques used, well-logging equipment, auxiliary downhole jobs, etc.). Types and peculiarities of well data acquisition and processing hardware and software are discussed (petrophysics included). New well-logging technologies used in Russia (new methods of electric logging data processing, electromagnetic logging, pulse neutron logging, nuclear magnetic resonance logging, acoustic tomography, logging-testing-logging technique, etc.) are surveyed. Comparison of the Tengiz field (Kazakhstan) well data obtained by Schlumberger and Neftegazgeofizika Association crews is given. Several problems and drawbacks in equipment and technology used by well-logging crews in Russia are discussed.

Savostyanov, N.A. (Neftegazgeofizika, Moscow (Russian Federation))

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Russia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Russia: Energy Resources Russia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":60,"lon":100,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

243

(M)other Russia: Evolution or Revolution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) Faradzh Karaev ..."Monsieur Bee Line" - Eccentric (1997) (b.1943, Azerbaijan/Russia) (introduced, Kancheli, Gubaidulina, Korndorf and Smirnov for Chandos, Naxos and BMG. FARADZH KARAEV was born in Baku,Azerbaijan in 1943. In 1966 graduated with distinction from the Azerbaijan State Conservatoire, majoring

Miranda, Eduardo Reck

244

Russia: "national subjects" between unity and secession  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

After the implosion of communism in the USSR (1991) was a real disintegration of the Soviet space, which resulted in five sets geopolitical: Russian Federation, Baltic States, Eastern European States, States Transcaucasian and Central Asian States. In ... Keywords: "national subjects", Russia, democratization, secession, unity

Teodor Simion; Gica Pehoiu; ?tefan Ispas

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Russia's role in the Kyoto Protocol  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As a result of the allocation of emissions reductions, and the differential willingness of countries to ratify, it turns out that Russia is a central player in the Kyoto Protocol. With the U.S. out and Japan and the EU ...

Bernard, Alain.

246

Development of the Electricity Carbon Emission Factors for Russia | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

the Electricity Carbon Emission Factors for Russia the Electricity Carbon Emission Factors for Russia Jump to: navigation, search Name Development of the Electricity Carbon Emission Factors for Russia Agency/Company /Organization European Bank for Reconstruction and Development Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics GHG inventory Resource Type Publications Website http://www.lahmeyer.de/fileadm Country Russia Eastern Europe References Development of the Electricity Carbon Emission Factors for Russia[1] References ↑ "Development of the Electricity Carbon Emission Factors for Russia" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Development_of_the_Electricity_Carbon_Emission_Factors_for_Russia&oldid=383164" Category: Programs What links here Related changes Special pages

247

Conventional and Stuffed Bergman-Type Phases in the Na-Au-T (T=Ga, Ge, Sn) Systems: Synthesis, Structures, Coloring of Cluster Centers, and Fermi Sphere - Brillouin Zone Interactions  

SciTech Connect

Bergman-type phases in the Na?Au?T (T = Ga, Ge, and Sn) systems were synthesized by solid-state means and structurally characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies. Two structurally related (1/1) Bergman phases were found in the Na? Au?Ga system: (a) a conventional Bergman-type (CB) structure, Na26AuxGa54?x, which features empty innermost icosahedra, as refined with x = 18.1 (3), Im3?, a = 14.512(2) Å, and Z = 2; (b) a stuffed Bergman-type (SB) structure, Na26AuyGa55?y, which contains Gacentered innermost icosahedra, as refined with y = 36.0 (1), Im3?, a = 14.597(2) Å, and Z = 2. Although these two subtypes have considerable phase widths along with respective tie lines at Na ? 32.5 and 32.1 atom %, they do not merge into a continuous solid solution. Rather, a quasicrystalline phase close to the Au-poor CB phase and an orthorhombic derivative near the Au-rich SB phase lie between them. In contrast, only Au-rich SB phases exist in the Ge and Sn systems, in which the innermost icosahedra are centered by Au rather than Ge or Sn. These were refined for Na26Au40.93(5)Ge14.07(5) (Im3?, a = 14.581(2) Å, and Z = 2) and Na26Au39.83(6)Sn15.17(6) (Im3?, a = 15.009(2) Å, and Z = 2), respectively. Occupations of the centers of Bergman clusters are rare. Such centering and coloring correlate with the sizes of the neighboring icosahedra, the size ratios between electropositive and electronegative components, and the values of the average valence electron count per atom (e/a). Theoretical calculations revealed that all of these phases are Hume?Rothery phases, with evident pseudogaps in the density of states curves that arise from the interactions between Fermi surface and Brillouin zone boundaries corresponding to a strong diffraction intensity.

Lin, Qisheng; Smetana, Volodymur; Miller, Gordon J.; Corbett, John D

2012-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

248

Molecular dynamics simulations of the electrical double layer on smectite surfaces contacting concentrated mixed electrolyte (NaCl-CaCl2)  

SciTech Connect

We report new molecular dynamics results elucidating the structure of the electrical double layer (EDL) on smectite surfaces contacting mixed NaCl-CaCl{sup 2} electrolyte solutions in the range of concentrations relevant to pore waters in geologic repositories for CO{sub 2} or high-level radioactive waste (0.34-1.83 mol{sub c} dm{sup -3}). Our results confirm the existence of three distinct ion adsorption planes (0-, {beta}-, and d-planes), often assumed in EDL models, but with two important qualifications: (1) the location of the {beta}- and d-planes are independent of ionic strength or ion type and (2) 'indifferent electrolyte' ions can occupy all three planes. Charge inversion occurred in the diffuse ion swarm because of the affinity of the clay surface for CaCl{sup +} ion pairs. Therefore, at concentrations 0.34 mol{sub c} dm{sup -3}, properties arising from long-range electrostatics at interfaces (electrophoresis, electro-osmosis, co-ion exclusion, colloidal aggregation) will not be correctly predicted by most EDL models. Co-ion exclusion, typically neglected by surface speciation models, balanced a large part of the clay mineral structural charge in the more concentrated solutions. Water molecules and ions diffused relatively rapidly even in the first statistical water monolayer, contradicting reports of rigid 'ice-like' structures for water on clay mineral surfaces.

Bourg, I.C.; Sposito, G.

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

LBNL-4183E-rev1 N NA AT TU UR RA AL L G GA AS S V VA AR RI  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4183E-rev1 4183E-rev1 N NA AT TU UR RA AL L G GA AS S V VA AR RI IA AB BI IL LI IT TY Y I IN N C CA AL LI IF FO OR RN NI IA A: : E EN NV VI IR RO ON NM ME EN NT TA AL L I IM MP PA AC CT TS S A AN ND D D DE EV VI IC CE E P PE ER RF FO OR RM MA AN NC CE E E EX XP PE ER RI IM ME EN NT TA AL L E EV VA AL LU UA AT TI IO ON N O OF F I IN NS ST TA AL LL LE ED D C CO OO OK KI IN NG G E EX XH HA AU US ST T F FA AN N P PE ER RF FO OR RM MA AN NC CE E Brett C. Singer, William W. Delp and Michael G. Apte Indoor Environment Department Atmospheric Sciences Department Environmental Energy Technologies Division July 2011 (Revised February 2012) Disclaimer 1 This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The Regents of the University of California, nor any of

250

Testing Buda-Lund hydro model on particle correlations and spectra in NA44, WA93 and WA98 heavy ion experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analytic and numerical approximations to a hydrodynamical model describing longitudinally expanding, cylindrically symmetric, finite systems are fitted to preliminary NA44 data measured in 200 AGeV central $S + Pb$ reactions. The model describes the measured spectra and HBT radii of pions, kaons and protons, simultaneously. The source is characterized by a central freeze-out temperature of T_0 = 154 +/- 8 +/- 11 MeV, a "surface" temperature of T_r = 107 +/- 28 +/- 18 MeV and by a well-developed transverse flow, = 0.53 +/- 0.17 +/- 0.11. The transverse geometrical radius and the mean freeze-out time are found to be R_G = 5.4 +/- 0.9 +/- 0.7 fm and tau_0 = 5.1 +/- 0.3 +/- 0.3 fm/c, respectively. Fits to preliminary WA93 200 AGeV S + Au and WA98 158 AGeV Pb + Pb data dominated by pions indicate similar model parameters. The absolute normalization of the measured particle spectra together with the experimental determination of both the statistical and the systematic errors were needed to obtain successful fits.

A. Ster; T. Csorgo; B. Lorstad

1998-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

251

Boron uptake in tumors, cerebrum and blood from (/sup 10/B)Na/sub 4/B/sub 24/H/sub 22/S/sub 2/  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A stable boronated (/sup 10/B-labeled) compound, sodium mercaptoundecahydrododecaborate is infused in the form of the disulfide dimer, (/sup 10/B)Na/sub 4/B/sub 24/H/sub 22/S/sub 2/, at a dose of about 200 ..mu..g /sup 10/B per gm body weight. The infusion is preformed into the blood or peritoneal cavity of the patient slowly over a period of many days, perhaps one week or more, at the rate of roughly 1 ..mu..g /sup 10/B per gm body weight per hour. Use of this particular boronated dimer in the manner or similarly to the manner so described permits radiotherapeutically effective amounts of boron to accumulate in tumors to be treated by boron neutron capture radiation therapy and also permits sufficient retention of boron in tumor after the cessation of the slow infusion, so as to allow the blood concentration of /sup 10/B to drop or to be reduced artificially to a radiotherapeutically effective level, less than one-half of the concentration of /sup 10/B in the tumor. 1 tab.

Slatkin, D.N.; Micca, P.L.; Fairchild, R.G.

1986-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

252

Latest results from NA48 and NA48/1.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

detec- tor consisted of the following principal sub-detectors: a magnetic spectrometer consisting of 4 drift chambers separated by a dipole magnet, a high resolution liquid krypton electromagnetic calorimeter, an iron scintillator hadronic calorimeter... direct and indirect CP violating components, which also interfere. The CP conserving component can be predicted from a measurement of KL ? pi0?? while the indirect CP violating component can be predicted from a measurement of KS ? pi0l+l?. Any measurement...

Slater, M W

253

Deputy Secretary Poneman to Travel to Russia | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Poneman to Travel to Russia Poneman to Travel to Russia Deputy Secretary Poneman to Travel to Russia December 3, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, D.C. - On Monday, December 6, U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman will travel to Russia as part of the ongoing cooperation between the two countries on nuclear security and peaceful nuclear energy issues. On Tuesday, Deputy Secretary Poneman will co-chair the U.S.-Russia Nuclear Energy and Nuclear Security Working Group Plenary Meeting with Director General of the State Atomic Energy Corporation "Rosatom" Sergei Kiriyenko. The Working Group was established under the U.S.-Russia Bilateral Presidential Commission at the July 2009 Presidential Summit. Last fall, Director Kiriyenko visited the United States for the first meetings of the

254

Russia's Soft Underbelly: The Stability of Instability in Dagestan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Caucasus Mountains, wars between newly independent Georgia andGeorgia is no longer operational. The only railroad connecting Russia to the South Caucasus

Walker, Edward W.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Russia - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Search EIA.gov. A-Z Index; ... Russia is the second country in the world in terms of number of ... a number of international oil companies attempted ...

256

oil and Gas Resources of the West Siberian Basin, Russia  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration Oil and Gas Resources of the West Siberian Basin, Russia 29 Appendix A Petroleum Geology The petroleum geology discussion is copied ...

257

Table 2.6 Household End Uses: Fuel Types, Appliances, and ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Digital Video Recorder (DVR) NA: NA: NA: NA: NA: NA: NA: NA: NA: NA: NA : NA: 43: NA: Computer. NA: NA: NA: NA: NA: NA: NA: NA: NA: 35: 56 : 68: 76: NA: One. NA: NA ...

258

Under U.S.-Russia Partnership, Final Shipment of Fuel Converted...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1993 U.S.-Russia HEU Purchase Agreement; U.S. and Russia Pledge to Future Nuclear Nonproliferation Collaboration WASHINGTON, D.C. - The United States and Russia are today...

259

Controlled synthesis, formation mechanism and upconversion luminescence of NaYF{sub 4}: Yb, Er nano-/submicrocrystals via ionothermal approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to deepen the fundamental understanding of IL-mediated synthesis of nano-/submicrostructure, hydrophilic ILs ([Emim][BF{sub 4}], [Bmim][BF{sub 4}] and [Omim][BF{sub 4}]), which act as solvents, templates, as well as fluorine source, have been employed to synthesize rare earth doped NaYF{sub 4} upconversion nano-/submicrocrystals (UC-NMCs). The imidazolium cations provide the capping reagent to prevent the nucleation centers from aggregation and growing, while the tetrafluoroborate anions introduce a new fluorine source according to partial hydrolysis. It is demonstrated that the properties of IL, such as viscosity, polarity, solvency and interfacial tension, extremely affect the dissolution, diffusion and nucleation process of lanthanide ions in IL. Morphology and size of the final products can thus be tailored by synthetical parameters, like imidazolium cations, cosolvents, Ln{sup 3+} and fluoride concentrations, as well as ionothermal time. Based on the experimental results, the possible mechanism of the nucleation and growth of UC-NMCs in IL is discussed. - Graphical abstract: The upconversion nano-/submicrocrystals with diverse morphologies and sizes have been synthesized through ionothermal approach. The possible mechanism is concluded, which strengthens the fundamental understanding of IL-mediated synthesis of nano-/submicrostructure. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The upconversion nano-/submicrocrystals were synthesized through ionothermal approach. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The as-prepared products exhibited diverse morphologies and sizes. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The possible mechanism of the nucleation and growth process in ILs is concluded.

Liu Jia [State Key Laboratory of Luminescence and Application, Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130033 (China); Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039 (China); Liu Xiaomin [State Key Laboratory of Luminescence and Application, Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130033 (China); Kong Xiangui, E-mail: xgkong14@ciomp.ac.cn [State Key Laboratory of Luminescence and Application, Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130033 (China); Zhan, Hong, E-mail: h.zhang@uva.nl [Van't Hoff Institute for Molecular Sciences, University of Amsterdam, Science Park, PO Box 94157. 1090 GD Amsterdam (Netherlands)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

260

Inverse modeling and forecasting for the exploitation of the Pauzhetsky geothermal field, Kamchatka, Russia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heat and mass transfer in geothermal systems of Kamchatka.study of the Pauzhetsky geothermal field, Kamchatka, Russia.Modeling the Pauzhetsky geothermal field, Kamchatka, Russia.

Kiryukhin, A.V.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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261

U.S. And Russia Complete Nuclear Security Upgrades Under Bratislava...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

And Russia Complete Nuclear Security Upgrades Under Bratislava Initiative U.S. And Russia Complete Nuclear Security Upgrades Under Bratislava Initiative December 23, 2008 - 9:18am...

262

Russia pins energy hopes on western Siberia gas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports that natural gas, not oil or coal, will pull Russia out of its fuel production slump by the end of the century, predicts a recently disclosed study by Moscow's leading energy specialists. Western investment in Russia's natural gas industry is now being proposed on a scale rivaling foreign outlays for joint ventures aimed at stabilizing the republic's oil production.

Not Available

1992-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

263

Synthesis and photoluminescence properties of the high-brightness Eu{sup 3+}-doped M{sub 2}Gd{sub 4}(MoO{sub 4}){sub 7} (M=Li, Na) red phosphors  

SciTech Connect

A series of red-emitting phosphors Eu{sup 3+}-doped M{sub 2}Gd{sub 4}(MoO{sub 4}){sub 7} (M=Li, Na) have been successfully synthesized at 850 Degree-Sign C by solid state reaction. The excitation spectra of the two phosphors reveal two strong excitation bands at 396 nm and 466 nm, respectively, which match well with the two popular emissions from near-UV and blue light-emitting diode chips. The intensity of the emission from {sup 5}D{sub 0} to {sup 7}F{sub 2} of M{sub 2}(Gd{sub 1-x}Eu{sub x}){sub 4}(MoO{sub 4}){sub 7} phosphors with the optimal compositions of x=0.85 for Li or x=0.70 for Na is about five times higher than that of Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+}. The quantum efficiencies of the entitled phosphors excited under 396 nm and 466 nm are also investigated and compared with commercial phosphors Sr{sub 2}Si{sub 5}N{sub 8}:Eu{sup 2+} and Y{sub 3}A{sub 5}O{sub 12}:Ce{sup 3+}. The experimental results indicate that the Eu{sup 3+}-doped M{sub 2}Gd{sub 4}(MoO{sub 4}){sub 7} (M=Li, Na) phosphors are promising red-emitting phosphors pumped by near-UV and blue light. - Graphical Abstract: The intensity of the red emission of M{sub 2}(Gd{sub 1-x}Eu{sub x}){sub 4}(MoO{sub 4}){sub 7} (M=Li, Na) phosphors with the optimal compositions is about five times higher than that of Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+}. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Two novel Eu{sup 3+}-doped red phosphors (Na{sub 2}Gd{sub 4}(MoO{sub 4}){sub 2}, Li{sub 2}Gd{sub 4}(MoO{sub 4}){sub 7}) were synthesized. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Their emission intensities are about five times higher than that of Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Their quantum efficiencies are higher than that of commercial red phosphor Sr{sub 2}Si{sub 5}N{sub 8}:Eu{sup 2+}.

Zhao Chengchun [Key Laboratory of Materials for High Power Laser, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800 (China); Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039 (China); Yin Xin [CAS Key Laboratory of Materials for Energy Conversion, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050 (China); Huang Fuqiang, E-mail: huangfq@mail.sic.ac.cn [CAS Key Laboratory of Materials for Energy Conversion, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050 (China); Hang Yin, E-mail: yhang@siom.ac.cn [Key Laboratory of Materials for High Power Laser, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800 (China)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

264

Russia-USAID Climate Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

USAID Climate Activities USAID Climate Activities Jump to: navigation, search Name Russia-USAID Climate Activities Agency/Company /Organization U.S. Agency for International Development Partner U.S. Forest Service Sector Land Focus Area Forestry Topics Background analysis Website http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/ Country Russia Eastern Europe References USAID Russia[1] "Currently, USAID/Russia addresses global climate change issues through its support to the U.S. Forest Service (USFS). Forests play an important role in mitigating the effects of climate change; therefore establishing good management practices and avoiding deforestation are critical. USFS collaboration with Russia focuses on sustainable forest management topics, including inventory and monitoring, fire management, illegal logging, and

265

Russia Federation Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Centrally Planned Europe Centrally Planned Europe » Russian Federation Russia Federation Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions Graph graphic Graphics Data graphic Data Trends Since 1992 total fossil-fuel CO2 emissions from the Russian Federation have dropped 23% to 466 million metric tons of carbon, still the fourth largest emitting country in the world and the largest emitter of the republics comprising the former USSR. Emissions from gas consumption still represent the largest fraction (49.1%) of Russia's emissions and only recently have returned to the 1992 level. Emissions from coal consumption have dropped 25.5% since 1992 and presently account for 26.6% of Russia's emissions. Russia has the largest population of any Eastern European country with a population of 141 million people. From a per capita standpoint, Russia's

266

Secretary Bodman Travels to Russia to Advance Energy Security | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Russia to Advance Energy Security Russia to Advance Energy Security Secretary Bodman Travels to Russia to Advance Energy Security March 15, 2006 - 12:20pm Addthis Promotes Transparent Markets and Clean Energy Technologies; Participates in G8 Energy Ministerial and Delivers Remarks on the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership MOSCOW, RUSSIA-U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today began a two-day visit to Russia where he will lead the U.S. delegation to the G8 Energy Ministerial. During his visit the Secretary will promote greater energy security through the use of advanced energy technologies, the promotion of stable and transparent investment climates, and increased conservation and energy efficiency. Secretary Bodman will also deliver remarks to the Carnegie Center on the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership

267

Changes in Russia's Military and Nuclear Doctrine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 1993, the Russian Federation set out a new military doctrine that would determine the direction of its armed forces until President Putin set out the next doctrine in 2000. The Russian Federation creating the doctrine was new; the USSR had recently collapsed, Gorbachev - the creator of the predecessor to this doctrine in 1987 - was out of office, and the new Russian military had only been formed in May, 1992.1 The analysis of the 1993 doctrine is as follows: a definition of how doctrine is defined; a short history of Russian military doctrine leading up to the 1993 doctrine (officially the Basic Provisions of the Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation); and finally, what the doctrine established. An overview of the 1993 doctrine is: (1) Russia's 1993 doctrine was a return to older, more aggressive doctrine as a result of stability concerns surrounding the recent collapse of the USSR; (2) Russia turned from Gorbachev's 'defensive defense' in the 1987 doctrine to aggressive defense with the option of preempting or striking back against an aggressor; (3) Russia was deeply concerned about how nationalism would affect the former Soviet Republics, particularly in respect to the ethnic Russians still living abroad; and (4) Nuclear doctrine pledged to not be the first to use nuclear weapons but provided for the potential for escalation from a conventional to a nuclear war. The 2000 doctrine (officially the Russian Federation Military Doctrine) was created in a more stable world than the 1993 doctrine was. The Russian Federation had survived independence and the 'threat of direct military aggression against the Russian Federation and its allies' had diminished. It had secured all of the nuclear weapons from its neighbors Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan, and had elected a new president, Vladimir Putin, to replace Boris Yeltsin. Yet, even as the doctrine took more defensive tones than the 1993 doctrine, it expanded its nuclear options. Below are a new definition of what doctrine meant in 2000 and an outline of the 2000 doctrine. An overview of the 2000 doctrine is: (1) The 2000 doctrine was a return to a more defensive posture; the threat of nuclear retaliation, rather than that of preemptive force, would be its deterrence; (2) In order to strengthen its nuclear deterrence, Russia extended and redefined the cases in which nuclear weapons could be used to include a wider range of conflict types and a larger spectrum of attackers; and (3) Russia's threats changed to reflect its latest fear of engaging in a limited conflict with no prospect of the use of nuclear deterrence. In 2006, the defense minister and deputy prime minister Sergei Ivanov announced that the government was starting on a draft of a future doctrine. Four years later, in 2010, the Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation was put into effect with the intent of determining Russian doctrine until 2020. The 2010 doctrine, like all previous doctrines, was a product of the times in which it was written. Gone were many of the fears that had followed Russia for the past two decades. Below are an examination of the 2010 definition of doctrine as well as a brief analysis of the 2010 doctrine and its deviations from past doctrines. An overview of the 2010 doctrine is: (1) The new doctrine emphasizes the political centralization of command both in military policy and the use of nuclear weapons; (2) Nuclear doctrine remains the same in many aspects including the retention of first-use; (3) At the same time, doctrine was narrowed to using nuclear weapons only when the Russian state's existence is in danger; to continue strong deterrence, Russia also opted to follow the United States by introducing precision conventional weapons; (4) NATO is defined as Russia's primary external threat because of its increased global presence and its attempt to recruit states that are part of the Russian 'bloc'; and (5) The 2000 doctrine's defensive stance was left out of the doctrine; rumored options for use of nuclear weapons in local wars and in preemptive strikes were also left out.

Wolkov, Benjamin M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Balatsky, Galya I. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

268

RussiaLANLV3-web.indd  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Despite the high quality of the work being conducted under the US/Russian Science and Despite the high quality of the work being conducted under the US/Russian Science and Technology collaborations, the product of that work will inevitably be underutilized unless it is disseminated to the broader scientifi c community. In response to this realization, and with the objective of maximizing the benefi t of the collaboration, the researchers involved in these collaborations often publish their work. This particular project has resulted in the publication (by Springer-Verlag) of an extensive (over 400 pages) book on the topic of shock physics. The fi rst line of the preface reads, "This book is the result of collaboration between the Russian Federal Nuclear Center - All Russian Scientifi c Research Institute of Experimental Physics (RFNC-VNIIEF) located in Sarov, Russia, and the University of California-Los Alamos

269

Structural phase transitions in the Ag{sub 2}Nb{sub 4}O{sub 11}-Na{sub 2}Nb{sub 4}O{sub 11} solid solution  

SciTech Connect

The phase transitions between various structural modifications of the natrotantite-structured system xAg{sub 2}Nb{sub 4}O{sub 11}-(1-x)Na{sub 2}Nb{sub 4}O{sub 11} have been investigated and a phase diagram constructed as a function of temperature and composition. This shows three separate phase transition types: (1) paraelectric-ferroelectric, (2) rhombohedral-monoclinic and (3) a phase transition within the ferroelectric rhombohedral zone between space groups R3c and R3. The parent structure for the entire series has space group R3{sup Macron }c. Compositions with x>0.75 are rhombohedral at all temperatures whereas compositions with x<0.75 are all monoclinic at room temperature and below. At x=0.75, rhombohedral and monoclinic phases coexist with the phase boundary below room temperature being virtually temperature-independent. The ferroelectric phase boundary extends into the monoclinic phase field. No evidence was found for the R3-R3c phase boundary extending into the monoclinic phase field and it is concluded that a triple point is formed. - Graphical abstract: Phase diagram for xAg{sub 2}Nb{sub 4}O{sub 11}-(1-x)Na{sub 2}Nb{sub 4}O{sub 11} solid solution showing changes in crystal symmetry as a function of temperature and composition. The crystal structure is depicted. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Triangle Ferroelectric, rhombohedral Ag{sub 2}Nb{sub 4}O{sub 11} in solid solution with monoclinic Na{sub 2}Nb{sub 4}O{sub 11}. Black-Right-Pointing-Triangle Three phase boundaries were studied as a function of composition and temperature. Black-Right-Pointing-Triangle Both rhombohedral and monoclinic variants exhibit ferroelectricity. The parent phase of the series has space group R3{sup Macron }c.

Woodward, David I., E-mail: d.i.woodward@warwick.ac.uk [Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Gibbet Hill Road, Coventry CV4 7AL (United Kingdom); Lees, Martin R.; Thomas, Pam A. [Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Gibbet Hill Road, Coventry CV4 7AL (United Kingdom)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

270

Development of the Process for the Recovery and Conversion of {sup 233}UF{sub 6} Chemisorbed in NaF Traps from the Molten Salt Reactor Remediation Project  

SciTech Connect

The Molten Salt Reactor Experiment (MSRE) site at Oak Ridge National Laboratory is being cleaned up and remediated. The removal of {approx}37 kg of fissile {sup 233}U is the main activity. Of that inventory, {approx}23 kg has already been removed as UF{sub 6} from the piping system and chemisorbed in 25 NaF traps. This material is in temporary storage while it awaits conversion to a stable oxide. The planned recovery of {approx}11 kg of uranium from the fuel salt will generate another 15 to 19 NaF traps. The remaining 2 to 3 kg of uranium are present in activated charcoal beds, which are also scheduled to be removed from the reactor site. Since all of these materials (NaF traps and the uranium-laden charcoal) are not suitable for long-term storage, they will be converted to a uranium oxide (U{sub 3}O{sub 8}), which is suitable for long-term storage.The conversion of the MSRE material into an oxide presents unique problems, such as criticality concerns, a large radiation field caused by the daughters of {sup 232}U (an impurity isotope in the {sup 233}U), and the possible spread of the high-radiation field from the release of {sup 220}Rn gas. To overcome these problems, a novel process was conceived and developed. This process was specially tailored for providing remote operations inside a hot cell while maintaining full containment at all times to avoid the spread of contamination. This process satisfies criticality concerns, maximizes the recovery of uranium, minimizes any radiation exposure to operators, and keeps waste disposal to a minimum.

Cul, Guillermo D. del; Icenhour, Alan S.; Simmons, Darrell W. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (United States)

2001-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

271

Working with Russia | Y-12 National Security Complex  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Working with Russia Working with Russia Working with Russia Posted: February 11, 2013 - 3:34pm | Y-12 Report | Volume 9, Issue 2 | 2013 For decades official maps did not show Zheleznogorsk, Russia. Created in 1950 to produce weapons-grade plutonium, the Siberian city of about 90,000 existed in secrecy until the Cold War's close in 1991. The end of that conflict between the U.S. and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics meant the end of weapons production, causing thousands of highly skilled Russian nuclear workers to lose their livelihood. "As the Russians were reducing the number of personnel in the weapons business, the U.S. didn't want the workers to be desperate and wonder how they were going to feed their families," said Y-12 Program Manager Ken Williams.

272

Russia-Making Energy Efficiency Real (MEER) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Russia-Making Energy Efficiency Real (MEER) Russia-Making Energy Efficiency Real (MEER) Jump to: navigation, search Name Russia-Making Energy Efficiency Real (MEER) Agency/Company /Organization International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation (IPEEC) Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, People and Policy Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, Finance, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Country Russia Eastern Europe References International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation[1] Program Overview The MEER will include a comprehensive inventory of international energy efficiency projects, as well as in-depth analysis of the opportunities to increase market penetration of EE. MEER will explore the role of international institutions in addressing key

273

Power Politics: The Political Economy of Russia's Electricity Sector Liberalization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Peter Evans. "The State and the Economy." In The Handbook ofDoes Russia Have A "Market Economy"?" East European PoliticsSystem : The Political Economy of Communism. Princeton,

Wenle, Susanne Alice

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

U.S. Natural Gas Exports to Russia  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

TX Roma, TX Total to Portugal Sabine Pass, LA Total to Russia Kenai, AK Total to South Korea Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA Total to Spain Cameron, LA Sabine Pass, LA Total to...

275

U.S. Natural Gas Exports to Russia  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Rio Bravo, TX Roma, TX Total to Portugal Sabine Pass, LA Total to Russia Total to South Korea Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA Total to Spain Cameron, LA Sabine Pass, LA Total to...

276

oil and Gas Resources of the West Siberian Basin, Russia  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration Oil and Gas Resources of the West Siberian Basin, Russia 139 Appendix D Field Summaries Tables 1D and 2D lists the fields of the West

277

XRD and NMR investigation of Ti-compound formation in solution-doping of sodium aluminum hydrides: Solubility of Ti in NaAlH4 crystals grown in THF  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Sodium aluminum hydrides have gained attention due to their high hydrogen weight percent (5.5% ideal) compared to interstitial hydrides, and as a model for hydrides with even higher hydrogen weight fraction. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the Ti-compounds that are formed under solution-doping techniques, such as wet doping in solvents such as tetrahydrofuran (THF). Compound formation in Ti-doped sodium aluminum hydrides is investigated using x-ray diffraction (XRD) and magic angle spinning (MAS) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). We present lattice parameter measurements of crushed single crystals, which were exposed to Ti during growth. Rietveld refinements indicate no lattice parameter change and thus no solubility for Ti in NaAlH{sub 4} by this method of exposure. In addition, x-ray diffraction data indicate that no Ti substitutes in NaH, the final decomposition product for the alanate. Reaction products of completely reacted (33.3 at. %-doped) samples that were solvent-mixed or mechanically milled are investigated. Formation of TiAl{sub 3} is observed in mechanically milled materials, but not solution mixed samples, where bonding to THF likely stabilizes Ti-based nano-clusters. The Ti in these clusters is activated by mechanical milling.

Majzoub, E H; Herberg, J L; Stumpf, R; Spangler, S; Maxwell, R S

2004-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

278

Hating the Bear? : Root Causes of Perceived anti-Russian Slant in Western News Coverage of the 2008 Russia-Georgia War  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Russia & Georgia: The Fallout. 22 August 2008. http://Russia & Georgia: The Fallout, August 22, 2008; http://

Spivakovsky-Gonzalez, Pedro

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Seismic Monitoring Of Blasting Activity In Russia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two significant mining regions in Russia lie near Novosibirsk and at the Kursk Magnetic Anomaly. A small percentage of events from these areas trigger the International Monitoring System (IMS). We have studied IMS recordings of events from these areas with the main goal of better understanding how these blasts are detonated and how these events will be most effectively monitored using IMS data. We have collected ground-truth information on the mining blasts and crustal structure in the area to facilitate modeling of the events. We have focused on sifting out from further consideration routine mining events and identifying detonation anomalies. We define master traces to represent tight clusters of mining events and to be used to identify anomalous events. We have examined recordings of events from eight significant event clusters in the 500-km-long Kuzbass/Abakan mining trend near Novosibirsk. The recordings were made by the IMS station ZAL. We see significant variations in the P onset and early coda between different events in clusters. We have found strong evidence of a detonation anomaly in just one of the events (out of 178 examined). Differences in the onset wave trains are attributed largely to differences in the firing patterns. Time independent spectral modulations have been observed in seismic signals produced by delay-fired mining events in mining regions throughout the world. The Novosibirsk trend is no exception to this rule. Delay-fired events in many mining regions, such as Kuzbass/Abakan, are also commonly associated with enhanced long-period (2- to 8-s) surface waves. The mine blasts in Russian mining regions appear, seismically, to resemble large blasts recorded in other regions (such as Wyoming). Techniques found to be effective in Wyoming, reviewed by...

Michael Hedlin University; Michael A. H. Hedlin

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Nuclear Energy Governance and the Politics of Social Justice: Technology, Public Goods, and Redistribution in Russia and France  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with Russia", The Nonproliferation Review, Summer 2001. 11with Russia", The Nonproliferation Review, Summer 2001.both power generation and nonproliferation purposes, state

Grigoriadis, Theocharis N

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na na russia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

United States-Russia Joint Statement on the Results of the Nuclear...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

States-Russia Joint Statement on the Results of the Nuclear Energy and Nuclear Security Working Group Meeting United States-Russia Joint Statement on the Results of the Nuclear...

282

United States, Russia Sign Agreement to Further Research and Development  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

United States, Russia Sign Agreement to Further Research and United States, Russia Sign Agreement to Further Research and Development Collaboration in Nuclear Energy and Security United States, Russia Sign Agreement to Further Research and Development Collaboration in Nuclear Energy and Security September 16, 2013 - 11:18am Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 VIENNA - U.S. Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz and Director General of the Russian Federation State Corporation "Rosatom" Sergey Kirienko today signed the Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Russian Federation on Cooperation in Nuclear- and Energy-Related Scientific Research and Development on the margins of the International Atomic Energy Agency's General Conference in Vienna, Austria. The Agreement provides the legal framework necessary to expand cooperation

283

United States, Russia Sign Agreement to Further Research and Development  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

States, Russia Sign Agreement to Further Research and States, Russia Sign Agreement to Further Research and Development Collaboration in Nuclear Energy and Security United States, Russia Sign Agreement to Further Research and Development Collaboration in Nuclear Energy and Security September 16, 2013 - 11:18am Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 VIENNA - U.S. Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz and Director General of the Russian Federation State Corporation "Rosatom" Sergey Kirienko today signed the Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Russian Federation on Cooperation in Nuclear- and Energy-Related Scientific Research and Development on the margins of the International Atomic Energy Agency's General Conference in Vienna, Austria. The Agreement provides the legal framework necessary to expand cooperation

284

oil and Gas Resources of the West Siberian Basin, Russia  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. The information contained herein should be attributed to the Energy Information Administration and should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy of the Department of Energy or any other organization. DOE/EIA - 0617 Distribution Category UC-950 Oil and Gas Resources of the West Siberian Basin, Russia November 1997 Energy Information Administration Office of Oil and Gas U. S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 Energy Information Administration Oil and Gas Resources of the West Siberian Basin, Russia iii Preface Oil and Gas Resources of the West Siberian Basin, Russia is part of the Energy Information Administration's

285

Oil and gas resources in the West Siberian Basin, Russia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The primary objective of this study is to assess the oil and gas potential of the West Siberian Basin of Russia. The study does not analyze the costs or technology necessary to achieve the estimates of the ultimate recoverable oil and gas. This study uses reservoir data to estimate recoverable oil and gas quantities which were aggregated to the field level. Field totals were summed to a basin total for discovered fields. An estimate of undiscovered oil and gas, from work of the US Geological Survey (USGS), was added to give a total basin resource volume. Recent production decline points out Russia`s need to continue development of its discovered recoverable oil and gas. Continued exploration is required to discover additional oil and gas that remains undiscovered in the basin.

NONE

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Effect of Mo Back Contact on Na Out-Diffusion and Device Performance of Mo/Cu(In,Ga)Se2/CdS/ZnO Solar Cells: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This conference paper describes the molybdenum thin films that were deposited on soda lime glass (SLG) substrates using direct-current planar magnetron sputtering, with a sputtering power density of 1.2 W/cm2. The working gas (Ar) pressure was varied from 0.6 to 16 mtorr to induce changes in the Mo films' morphology and microstructure. Thin films of Cu(In,Ga)Se2 (CIGS) were deposited on the Mo-coated glass using the 3-stage co-evaporation process. The morphology of both the Mo-coated SLG and the CIGS thin films grown on it was examined using high-resolution scanning electron microscopy. Na was depth profiled in the Mo and CIGS films by secondary ion mass spectrometry. The device performance was evaluated under standard conditions of 1000 W/m2 and 25 C. Optimum device performance is found for an intermediate Mo sputtering pressure.

Al-Thani, H. A.; Hasoon, F. S.; Young, M.; Asher, S.; Alleman, J. L.; Al-Jassim, M. M.; Williamson, D. L.

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

NaCu(Ta{sub 1-y}Nb{sub y}){sub 4}O{sub 11} solid solution: A tunable band gap spanning the visible-light wavelengths  

SciTech Connect

The new solid-solution NaCu(Ta{sub 1-y}Nb{sub y}){sub 4}O{sub 11} (0{<=}y{<=}0.7) was synthesized by solid-state methods in the form of bulk powders that ranged from light-yellow to brown colored and were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction techniques (Space group R-3c (no. 167); Z=6; a=6.214(1)-6.218(1) Angstrom-Sign and c=36.86(1)-36.94(1) Angstrom-Sign ). Full-profile Rietveld refinements confirmed a site-differentiated ordering of the Cu(I) and Na cations, i.e., occupying the 12c (linear environment) and 18d (seven-coordinate environment) crystallographic sites respectively. Conversely, a statistical mixture of Ta(V) and Nb(V) cations occurred over the 6b (octahedral environment) or the 18e (pentagonal-bipyramidal environment) crystallographic sites, without any preferential segregation. The UV-Vis diffuse reflectance spectra showed a significant red-shift of the optical bandgap size (indirect) from {approx}2.70 eV to {approx}1.80 eV across the solid solution with increasing Nb(V) content. Electronic-structure calculations using the tight-binding linear-muffin-tin-orbital approach showed that the reduction in bandgap size arises from the introduction of the lower-energy Nb 4d{sup 0} orbitals into the conduction band and consequently a lower energy of the conduction band edge. The lowest-energy bandgap transitions were found to be derived from electronic transitions between the filled Cu(I) and the empty Nb(V) d-orbitals, with a small amount of mixing with the O 2p orbitals. The resulting conduction and valence band energies are found to approximately bracket the redox potentials for water reduction and oxidation, and meeting the thermodynamic requirements for photocatalytic water-splitting reactions. - Graphical Abstract: The NaCu(Ta{sub 1-y}Nb{sub y}){sub 4}O{sub 11} (0{<=}y{<=}0.7) solid solution shows a statistical occupancy of the Ta(V) and Nb(V) cations in both octahedral and pentagonal bipyramidal environments. An increasing Nb(V) content also causes a significant red-shift of the bandgap size from {approx}2.70 eV to {approx}1.80 eV. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Double solid-solution of M(I) (=Cu, Na) and M(V) (=Nb, Ta) crystallographic sites. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Increasing Nb content leads to tunable bandgap size from {approx}2.70 eV to {approx}1.80 eV across the solid solution. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Layers of MO{sub 7} (M=Ta, Nb) pentagonal bipyramids and isolated MO{sub 6} octahedra.

Palasyuk, Olena [Department of Chemistry, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695 (United States); Maggard, Paul A., E-mail: Paul_Maggard@ncsu.edu [Department of Chemistry, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695 (United States)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

288

Direct evidence of a zigzag spin-chain structure in the honeycomb lattice: A neutron and x-ray diffraction investigation of single-crystal Na2IrO3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have combined single crystal neutron and x-ray diffractions to investigate the magnetic and crystal structures of the honeycomb lattice $\\rm Na_2IrO_3$. The system orders magnetically below $18.1(2)$~K with Ir$^{4+}$ ions forming zigzag spin chains within the layered honeycomb network with ordered moment of $\\rm 0.22(1)~\\mu_B$/Ir site. Such a configuration sharply contrasts the N{\\'{e}}el or stripe states proposed in the Kitaev-Heisenberg model. The structure refinement reveals that the Ir atoms form nearly ideal 2D honeycomb lattice while the $\\rm IrO_6$ octahedra experience a trigonal distortion that is critical to the ground state. The results of this study provide much-needed experimental insights into the magnetic and crystal structure crucial to the understanding of the exotic magnetic order and possible topological characteristics in the 5$d$-electron based honeycomb lattice.

Ye, Feng [ORNL; Chi, Songxue [ORNL; Cao, Huibo [ORNL; Chakoumakos, Bryan C [ORNL; Fernandez-Baca, Jaime A [ORNL; Custelcean, Radu [ORNL; Qi, Tongfei [University of Kentucky; Korneta, O. B. [University of Kentucky, Lexington; Cao, Gang [University of Kentucky

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Russia to import more goods for upstream projects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports that Russia is stepping up its imports of petroleum hardware. In the latest developments; Nippon Steel Corp. and C. Itoh and Co. Ltd., Tokyo, signed contracts to provide Russia $300 million worth of export credits for steel pipe and undisclosed drilling equipment; Nizhnevartovskneftegaz, a Russian oil and gas production association, asked the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development for a $60 million loan to buy western oil and gas equipment. The hardware, mostly pipe, tools, pumps, and workover rigs, will be used in part to return shut-in wells to production.

Not Available

1992-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

290

U.S. Natural Gas Citygate Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1973 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1974 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1975 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1976 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1977 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1978 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1979 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1980 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1981 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1982 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1983 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.97 3.91 3.88 1984 3.94 4.02 3.91 3.96 3.98 4.02 4.06 3.69 4.02 3.99 3.92 3.97 1985 3.89 3.94 3.97 3.91 3.89 3.86 3.69 3.70 3.68 3.59 3.46 3.45

291

Repowering the 250 MW Supercritical Power Plant at Lenenergo, Russia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the repowering of a supercritical 250 MW generating unit with an ABB 52.9 MN gas turbine at the Southern Plant of the Lenenergo system in Russia. It includes a review of the performance parameters of the repowered unit and an economic analysis of the repowering project.

1999-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

292

10/9/2003 1 Export of biomass from Russia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

10/9/2003 1 Export of biomass from Russia in the context of climate change policies By: Hans Jansen of the forest sector · Customs cooperation · Timber port logistics · Trade facilitation procedures · Biomass;The Russian FederationThe Russian Federation #12;Biomass as Alternative Energy "Organic matter

293

FSU/Eastern Europe: Russia spearheads small upturn  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper discusses the political and legal scene in Russia, domestic restructuring, exploration, drilling, development by Western companies and by Russian companies, and production. Exploration and development in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Serbia are also discussed.

NONE

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Mercantilist Development in Russia: The Legitimacy of State Power, State Identity, and the Energy Charter Regime (1990 - 2010)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter Five: Russia as Apprentice Under Yeltsin – Statepretender, disciple, and apprentice – that can be used toapprentice

Barkanov, Boris

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Secretary Chu to Travel to Russia Next Week | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to Travel to Russia Next Week to Travel to Russia Next Week Secretary Chu to Travel to Russia Next Week June 3, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON - U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu will travel to Russia from June 6-11 where he will highlight the tremendous potential for mutually beneficial cooperation and shared economic opportunities with Russia in the areas of innovative clean energy technology, safe and reliable civilian nuclear power, best practices in energy efficiency, and nuclear non-proliferation. The visit will promote continued collaboration between U.S. and Russian scientists, technical experts, and energy sector businesses. It will also pave the way for U.S. investment and clean technology exports to Russia. "From clean energy to nuclear security, the United States and Russia have a

296

Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Oil Wells (Summary)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1-2013 Illinois NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Indiana NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Kansas NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Kentucky NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Louisiana NA NA NA NA NA NA...

297

Microsoft PowerPoint - PRC - Poglyad,RIAR,Russia  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

engineering engineering and technology approaches in design of Polyfunctional Radiochemical Complex (PRC) Sergey Poglyad, Mikhail Kormilitsyn Research Institute of Atomic Reactors, Dimitrovgrad, Russia "Once upon a time" story PUREX based process Pyroprocess Fluoride volatility Superfluid extraction Plasma Electrorefining Oxide Nitride Metal More complicated RAW RAW RAW RAW Waste treatment Nobody has sufficient proof for choosing basic technology * Uranium * Mixed U-Pu * Th based (?) * Cooling time * Burnup * MA strategy The country which first develop a breeder reactor will have a great competitive advantage in atomic energy Enrico Fermi «Discussion on Breeding», 26 April 1944 2 International Pyroprocessing Research Conference Demands on reprocessing in Russia * Fast reactors "dense" spent fuel reprocessing; * Fuel cycle closing for all actinides; * Process

298

Livermore Scientists Team with Russia to Discover Element 118  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

"Synthesis of the isotopes of elements 118 and 116" (Abstract) "Synthesis of the isotopes of elements 118 and 116" (Abstract) Physical Review C, October 9, 2006 Livermore Scientists Team With Russia To Discover Elements 113 and 115 LLNL News Release, February. 2, 2004 "Present at the Creation" Science & Technology Review, January/February 2002 Island of Stability NOVA Science Now, September 2006 Social Media Logos Follow LLNL on YouTube Subscribe to LLNL's RSS feed Follow LLNL on Facebook Follow LLNL on Twitter Follow LLNL on Flickr Contact: Anne M. Stark Phone: (925) 422-9799 E-mail: stark8l@llnl.gov FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE October 16, 2006 NR-06-10-03 Livermore scientists team with Russia to discover element 118 LIVERMORE, Calif. - Scientists from the Chemistry, Materials and Life Sciences Directorate at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, in

299

Demonstration of a PC 25 Fuel Cell in Russia  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This project involved the installation of a 200kW PC25C{trademark} phosphoric-acid fuel cell power plant at Orgenergogaz, a Gazprom industrial site in Russia. In April 1997, a PC25C{trademark} was sold by ONSI Corporation to Orgenergogaz, a subsidiary of the Russian company ''Gazprom''. Due to instabilities in the Russian financial markets, at that time, the unit was never installed and started by Orgenergogaz. In October of 2001 International Fuel Cells (IFC), now known as UTC Fuel Cells (UTCFC), received a financial assistance award from the United States Department of Energy (DOE) entitled ''Demonstration of PC 25 Fuel Cell in Russia''. Three major tasks were part of this award: the inspection of the proposed site and system, start-up assistance, and installation and operation of the powerplant.

John C. Trocciola; Thomas N. Pompa; Linda S. Boyd

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Influence of the structure on electric and magnetic properties of La{sub 0.8}Na{sub 0.2}Mn{sub 1-x}Co{sub x}O{sub 3} perovskites  

SciTech Connect

The influence of the cobalt substitution for manganese ions in the mixed valence perovskites La{sub 0.8}Na{sub 0.2}Mn{sub 1-x}Co{sub x}O{sub 3} (0=Mn{sup 4+} leading to the formation of stable couples Mn{sup 4+}-Co{sup 2+}. Therefore the double-exchange interactions Mn{sup 3+}-O{sup 2-}-Mn{sup 4+} partly vanish and they are replaced by positive superexchange interactions Mn{sup 4+}-O{sup 2-}-Co{sup 2+}, but of a semiconducting character.

Pollert, E. [Institute of Physics, ASCR, CZ-162 53 Prague 6 (Czech Republic)]. E-mail: pollert@fzu.cz; Hejtmanek, J. [Institute of Physics, ASCR, CZ-162 53 Prague 6 (Czech Republic); Jirak, Z. [Institute of Physics, ASCR, CZ-162 53 Prague 6 (Czech Republic); Knizek, K. [Institute of Physics, ASCR, CZ-162 53 Prague 6 (Czech Republic); Marysko, M. [Institute of Physics, ASCR, CZ-162 53 Prague 6 (Czech Republic); Doumerc, J.P. [Institut de Chimie de la Matiere Condensee de Bordeaux, CNRS, 33608 Pessac (France); Grenier, J.C. [Institut de Chimie de la Matiere Condensee de Bordeaux, CNRS, 33608 Pessac (France); Etourneau, J. [Institut de Chimie de la Matiere Condensee de Bordeaux, CNRS, 33608 Pessac (France)

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na na russia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Estimation of multi-group cross section covariances for {sup 235,238}U, {sup 239}Pu, {sup 241}Am, {sup 56}Fe, {sup 23}Na and {sup 27}Al  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the methodology used to estimate multi-group covariances for some major isotopes used in reactor physics. The starting point of this evaluation is the modelling of the neutron induced reactions based on nuclear reaction models with parameters. These latest are the vectors of uncertainties as they are absorbing uncertainties and correlation arising from the confrontation of nuclear reaction model to microscopic experiment. These uncertainties are then propagated towards multi-group cross sections. As major breakthroughs were then asked by nuclear reactor physicists to assess proper uncertainties to be used in applications, a solution is proposed by the use of integral experiment information at two different stages in the covariance estimation. In this paper, we will explain briefly the treatment of all type of uncertainties, including experimental ones (statistical and systematic) as well as those coming from validation of nuclear data on dedicated integral experiment (nuclear data oriented). We will illustrate the use of this methodology with various isotopes such as {sup 235,238}U, {sup 239}Pu, {sup 241}Am, {sup 56}Fe, {sup 23}Na and {sup 27}Al. (authors)

De Saint Jean, C.; Archier, P.; Noguere, G.; Litaize, O.; Vaglio-Gaudard, C.; Bernard, D.; Leray, O. [CEA, DEN, DER, Cadarache, F-13108 Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (France)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

United States-Russia: Environmental management activities, Summer 1998  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Joint Coordinating Committee for Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (JCCEM) was formed between the US and Russia. This report describes the areas of research being studied under JCCEM, namely: Efficient separations; Contaminant transport and site characterization; Mixed wastes; High level waste tank remediation; Transuranic stabilization; Decontamination and decommissioning; and Emergency response. Other sections describe: Administrative framework for cooperation; Scientist exchange; Future actions; Non-JCCEM DOE-Russian activities; and JCCEM publications.

NONE

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Political chaos reins progress on new joint ventures in Russia  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports that frustration is mounting among foreign petroleum companies chasing business opportunities in Russia. Political uncertainty continues to block large oil and gas exploration and production deals there. Most foreign officials believe Russia's transformation from a centrally planned economy to a market economy is irreversible. But enough political, social, and economic uncertainty persists that Russian leaders are hesitant to approve deals with foreign companies. The lack of certainty among leaders of the former Soviet republic about who controls Russia's natural resources, who can approve contracts, and who determines winners of bid tenders is causing confusion among foreign companies trying to negotiate major E and P deals. With no clearly successful path apparent for completing large deals, various secondary negotiating strategies are prevailing. Russian industry specialists say those secondary strategies work best for small deals involving relatively small players in less prospective regions. Meantime, countervailing political forces within the country, the world's top producer of oil and gas, continue to buffet petroleum companies that are negotiating deals or getting projects off the ground.

Not Available

1992-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

304

China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum July 13, 2006 - 3:03pm Addthis International Scope of Nuclear Nations Pursuing Advanced Reactors Broadens WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy Dennis Spurgeon today announced that China and Russia are expected to join the Generation IV International Forum (GIF), a group of the world's leading nuclear nations who are working together to develop more efficient and less waste-intensive advanced reactors to meet future energy challenges. Earlier today, the GIF Policy Group voted unanimously to extend an offer of membership to China and Russia. China and Russia's formal entry into GIF is expected to be finalized by November 2006.

305

China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum July 13, 2006 - 3:03pm Addthis International Scope of Nuclear Nations Pursuing Advanced Reactors Broadens WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy Dennis Spurgeon today announced that China and Russia are expected to join the Generation IV International Forum (GIF), a group of the world's leading nuclear nations who are working together to develop more efficient and less waste-intensive advanced reactors to meet future energy challenges. Earlier today, the GIF Policy Group voted unanimously to extend an offer of membership to China and Russia. China and Russia's formal entry into GIF is expected to be finalized by November 2006.

306

Russia Tri-Lab S&T Collaborations | National Nuclear Security...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog The National Nuclear Security Administration Russia Tri-Lab S&T Collaborations Home > About Us > Our Programs > Defense Programs > Future Science...

307

The Tunnel at the End of the Light: Privatization, Business Networks, and Economic Transformation in Russia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

post-Communist countries, only Azerbaijan, Kazakh- stan, andVacuum Albania Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus Bosnia Bulgariafound in Russia either. Azerbaijan, Belarus, Tajikistan,

Cohen, Stephen S.; Schwartz, Andrew; Zysman, John

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Joint Statement on Future U.S.-Russia Nuclear Energy and Nonproliferat...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Joint Statement on Future U.S.-Russia Nuclear Energy and Nonproliferation Collaboration Following Russian Delegation Visit to the United States Joint Statement on Future...

309

Energy Regulation, Roll Call Votes and Regional Resources: Evidence from Russia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

parliamentary parameters of energy market reform in Russia.development in Russian energy markets. Deputies who arebeen negative toward energy market reform during the time

Grigoriadis, Theocharis N; Torgler, Benno

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

US and Russia agree to collaborate on nuclear energy and security...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

US and Russia agree to collaborate on nuclear energy and security R&D | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation...

311

Media and democratization: a comparative study of two former communist countries (Poland and Russia).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Democratization process in Europe and Russia was studied thoroughly, while less significant attention was paid to the role of Media in it. Media freedom ratings… (more)

Volkova, Anna

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Petroleum complex of Russia. Reconstruction of petroleum refineries: Means for accomplishing the task  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the refining industry in Russia with respect to production and economic factors. The modernization and reconstruction of the refineries is also discussed.

Rykunova, T.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Russia-IEA Network of Expertise in Energy Technology | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

International Energy Agency Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis Website http:www.iea.orgneetindex. Country Russia...

314

SOFE Romanelli_na1.ppt  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the the realization of fusion energy Francesco Romanelli European Fusion Development Agreement EFDA Leader and JET Leader SOFE 11 June 2013 Acknoledgments: P. Barabaschi,D. Borba, G. Federici, L. Horton, R. Neu, D. Stork, H. Zohm A Roadmap to the realization of fusion energy Francesco Romanelli European Fusion Development Agreement EFDA Leader and JET Leader SOFE 11 June 2013 Acknoledgments: P. Barabaschi,D. Borba, G. Federici, L. Horton, R. Neu, D. Stork, H. Zohm Download at www.efda.org A Roadmap to the realization of fusion energy Francesco Romanelli European Fusion Development Agreement EFDA Leader and JET Leader SOFE 11 June 2013 Acknoledgments: P. Barabaschi,D. Borba, G. Federici, L. Horton, R. Neu, D. Stork, H. Zohm Download at www.efda.org

315

NA Standards | Valence Geometries | Table 1 Ref.  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1: References for Mononucleoside and Mononucleotide Structures 1: References for Mononucleoside and Mononucleotide Structures used in Anke Gelbin, Bohdan Schneider, Lester Clowney, Shu-Hsin Hsieh, Wilma K. Olson, and Helen M. Berman. "Geometric Parameters in Nucleic Acids: Sugar and Phosphate Constituents. (1996) J. Am. Chem. Soc. 118, 519-529. -------------------------------------------------------------------------- CSD ID Compound Reference -------------------------------------------------------------------------- fikhai 3',5'-Di-O-acetyl-2'-deoxyadenosine Koole, L. H., et al. Can. J. Chem., 1987, 65, 326 fikhai01 3',5'-Di-O-acetyl-2'-deoxyadenosine Low, J. N., et al. Acta Cryst., 1988, C44, 2202 foylua 3'-O-acetyl-2'-deoxyadenosine Low, J. N., et al.

316

Toward a Na-Ion Battery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, 2013 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium , Nanostructured Materials for Lithium Ion Batteries and for Supercapacitors.

317

Liquidus Temperatures of the System Na  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cryoscopic Data for Hall-Héroult Bath Containing Magnesium Fluoride, Calcium Fluoride, Potassium Cryolite, and Sodium Chloride · Current Distribution and ...

318

Endurance testing With Li/Na electrolyte  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Test results of two long-term 100-cm{sup 2} bench scale cells are discussed. One cell operated continuously at 160 mA/cm{sup 2} for 17, 000 hr with reference gases (60H{sub 2}/20CO{sub 2}/20H{sub 2}O fuel at 75% utilization and 30CO{sub 2}/70 air oxidant humidified at room temperature at 50% utilization). The other cell operated at 160 mA/cm{sup 2} for 6900 hr at 3 atm with system gases (64H{sub 2}/16CO{sub 2}/20H{sub 2}O at 75% utilization and an M-C Power system- defined oxidant at 40% utilization). Both cells have shown the highest performance and longest endurance among IGT cells operated to date.

Ong, E.T.; Remick, R.J.; Sishtla, C.I.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

319

27Al and 1H Solid State NMR Studies Show Evidence of TiAl3 and TiH2 in Ti-doped NaAlH4  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Previous X-ray Diffraction (XRD) and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) studies on Ti-doped NaAlH{sub 4} revealed the reaction products of two heavily doped (33.3 at.%) samples that were solvent-mixed and mechanically-milled. This investigation revealed that nano-crystalline or amorphous Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} forms from the possible coordination of aluminum with oxygen atom of the furan ring system from added tetrahydrofuran (THF) in the solvent-mixed sample, and that TiAl{sub 3} forms in mechanically-milled samples. The present paper provides a more sophisticated NMR investigation of the these materials. On heavily doped (33.3 at.%) solvent-mixed samples, {sup 27}Al Magic Angle Spinning (MAS) NMR {sup 27}Al multiple quantum MAS (MQMAS) indicates the presence of an oxide layer of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} on the surfaces of potentially bulk nanocrystalline Ti, nanocrystalline TiAl{sub 3}, and/or metallic aluminum. The {sup 1}H MAS NMR data also indicate the possible coordination of aluminum with the oxygen atom in the THF. On heavily doped samples that were mechanically milled, {sup 27}Al MAS NMR and static NMR confirms the presence of TiAl{sub 3}. In addition, the {sup 1}H MAS NMR and {sup 1}H spin-lattice relaxation (T{sub 1}) measurements are consistent with the presence of TiH{sub 2}. These results are in agreement with recent XAFS measurements indicating both Al and H within the first few coordination shells of Ti in the doped alanate.

Herberg, J; Maxwell, R; Majzoub, E

2005-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

320

Evaporative Evolution of a Na-Cl-NO3-K-Ca-SO4-Mg-Si Brine at 95(degree)C: Experiments and Modeling relevant to Yucca Mountain, Nevada, USA  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A synthetic Topopah Spring Tuff water representative of one type of pore water at Yucca Mountain, Nevada (USA) was evaporated at 95 C in a series of experiments to determine the geochemical controls for brines that may form on, and possibly impact upon the long-term integrity of waste containers and drip shields at the designated high-level, nuclear-waste repository. Solution chemistry, condensed vapor chemistry, and precipitate mineralogy were used to identify important chemical divides and to validate geochemical calculations of evaporating water chemistry using a high temperature Pitzer thermodynamic database. The water evolved towards a complex ''sulfate type'' brine that contained about 45 mol% Na, 40 mol% Cl, 9 mol% NO{sub 3}, 5 mol% K, and less than 1 mol% each of SO{sub 4}, Ca, Mg, {Sigma}CO{sub 2}(aq), F, and Si. All measured ions in the condensed vapor phase were below detection limits. The mineral precipitates identified were halite, anhydrite, bassanite, niter and nitratine. Trends in the solution composition and identification of CaSO{sub 4} solids suggest that fluorite, carbonate, sulfate, and magnesium-silicate precipitation control the aqueous solution composition of sulfate type waters by removing fluoride, calcium, and magnesium during the early stages of evaporation. In most cases, the high temperature Pitzer database, used by EQ3/6 geochemical code, sufficiently predicts water composition and mineral precipitation during evaporation. Predicted solution compositions are generally within a factor of two of the experimental values. The model predicts that sepiolite, bassanite, amorphous silica, calcite, halite and brucite are the solubility controlling mineral phases.

Alai, M; Sutton, M; Carroll, S A

2004-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na na russia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

ECO2M: A TOUGH2 Fluid Property Module for Mixtures of Water, NaCl, and CO2, Including Super- and Sub-Critical Conditions, and Phase Change Between Liquid and Gaseous CO2  

SciTech Connect

ECO2M is a fluid property module for the TOUGH2 simulator (Version 2.0) that was designed for applications to geologic storage of CO{sub 2} in saline aquifers. It includes a comprehensive description of the thermodynamics and thermophysical properties of H{sub 2}O - NaCl - CO{sub 2} mixtures, that reproduces fluid properties largely within experimental error for temperature, pressure and salinity conditions in the range of 10 C {le} T {le} 110 C, P {le} 600 bar, and salinity from zero up to full halite saturation. The fluid property correlations used in ECO2M are identical to the earlier ECO2N fluid property package, but whereas ECO2N could represent only a single CO{sub 2}-rich phase, ECO2M can describe all possible phase conditions for brine-CO{sub 2} mixtures, including transitions between super- and sub-critical conditions, and phase change between liquid and gaseous CO{sub 2}. This allows for seamless modeling of CO{sub 2} storage and leakage. Flow processes can be modeled isothermally or non-isothermally, and phase conditions represented may include a single (aqueous or CO{sub 2}-rich) phase, as well as two-and three-phase mixtures of aqueous, liquid CO{sub 2} and gaseous CO{sub 2} phases. Fluid phases may appear or disappear in the course of a simulation, and solid salt may precipitate or dissolve. TOUGH2/ECO2M is upwardly compatible with ECO2N and accepts ECO2N-style inputs. This report gives technical specifications of ECO2M and includes instructions for preparing input data. Code applications are illustrated by means of several sample problems, including problems that had been previously solved with TOUGH2/ECO2N.

Pruess, K.

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed from Natural Gas (Summary)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1-2013 1-2013 Alaska NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Arizona NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Arkansas NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 California NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Colorado NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Florida NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Illinois NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Indiana NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Kansas NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Kentucky NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Louisiana NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Maryland NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Michigan NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Mississippi NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Missouri NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Montana NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Nebraska NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Nevada NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 New Mexico NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013

323

Natural Gas Vented and Flared (Summary)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6-2013 6-2013 Alaska NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Arizona NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Arkansas NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 California NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Colorado NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Florida NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Illinois NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Indiana NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Kansas NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Kentucky NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Louisiana NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Maryland NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Michigan NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Mississippi NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Missouri NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Montana NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Nebraska NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Nevada NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 New Mexico NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013

324

Natural Gas Used for Repressuring (Summary)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

NA NA NA NA NA NA 1973-2013 NA NA NA NA NA NA 1973-2013 Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico NA NA NA NA NA NA 1997-2013 Alabama NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Alaska NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Arizona NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Arkansas NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 California NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Colorado NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Florida NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Illinois NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Indiana NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Kansas NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Kentucky NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Louisiana NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Maryland NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Michigan NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Mississippi NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Missouri NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013

325

Mercantilist Development in Russia: The Legitimacy of State Power, State Identity, and the Energy Charter Regime (1990 - 2010)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The 692 Komarov, “Energy Policy—Parliamentary Hearings, ‘OnI. Danchenko, “Russia’s Energy Policy, 1992-2005,” Eurasianthe development of national energy policy” (in Russian). V.

Barkanov, Boris

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Federal Offshore Alabama Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

NA NA NA NA NA NA 1987-2011 From Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1987-2011 From Oil Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1987-2011 Marketed Production 1992-1998...

327

Russia to seek foreign partners in three fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports that Russia plans in coming months to call for international tenders covering joint venture development of two oil fields and one oil and gas/condensate field in western Siberia. None has seen extensive drilling. Here are details on the fields: North Priob field is in the KhantiMansi autonomous district of the Tyumen region, one of the most industrially developed oil producing areas of western Siberia. Salim field also is in the KhantiMansi autonomous district of the Tyumen region.

Not Available

1992-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

328

U.S.-Russia Twenty-Year Partnership Completes Final Milestone in Converting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S.-Russia Twenty-Year Partnership Completes Final Milestone in U.S.-Russia Twenty-Year Partnership Completes Final Milestone in Converting 20,000 Russian Nuclear Warheads into Fuel for U.S. Electricity U.S.-Russia Twenty-Year Partnership Completes Final Milestone in Converting 20,000 Russian Nuclear Warheads into Fuel for U.S. Electricity November 14, 2013 - 11:26am Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Public Affairs: (202) 586-7371 WASHINGTON - U.S. Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz today announced the final shipment of low enriched uranium (LEU) derived from Russian weapons-origin highly enriched uranium (HEU) under the 1993 U.S.-Russia HEU Purchase Agreement, commonly known as the Megatons to Megawatts Program. Under this Agreement, Russia downblended 500 metric tons of HEU, equivalent to 20,000

329

United States-Russia Joint Statement on the Results of the Nuclear Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

States-Russia Joint Statement on the Results of the Nuclear States-Russia Joint Statement on the Results of the Nuclear Energy and Nuclear Security Working Group Meeting United States-Russia Joint Statement on the Results of the Nuclear Energy and Nuclear Security Working Group Meeting December 10, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Moscow - Earlier this week, Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman, representing the United States government, signed a joint statement with Russia's Director General of the State Atomic Energy Corporation "Rosatom" Sergey Kirienko on the results of the Nuclear Energy and Nuclear Security Working Group meeting that took place on December 6-7, 2010. The Working Group meeting strengthened cooperation between the U.S. and Russia on civil nuclear energy and nuclear security. Read the joint statement (PDF - 412 kb) signed by Deputy Secretary Poneman

330

Business Planning: A Key to Energy Efficiency in Russia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Financing is a significant barrier to energy efficiency in Russia. Many banks and Western companies would like to invest in energy efficiency projects in Russia, but are frustrated by the lack of Western-style business planning and preparation in Russian project proposals. With support from the U.S. Department of Energy, the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has organized several training workshops on writing business plans for energy efficiency projects. Russian project proposals typically describe the technical measures to be implemented, and they provide a simple payback analysis of the costs. The most difficult tasks for Russian business people are often developing a marketing plan, using creative financing techniques, describing the implementation plan in sufficient detail, and providing appropriate information on the organizations involved in the project. As Russians learn to prepare solid business plans, their ability to attract financing for energy efficiency projects and successfully implement such projects will increase. Business planning also provides a useful framework for assessing energy projects. In this sense, it can help Russian business people better understand the advantages of energy efficiency and increase their willingness to invest in demand-side measures.

Evans, M.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

ENTRY AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP: The Case of Post-Communist Russia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Paper prepared for a special issue of Journal des Economistes et des Etudes Humaines (2001). We thank John Robert Subrick for helpful comments on an earlier version. 1 Entrepreneurial effectiveness is measured by the movement of economic actors – their alertness to opportunities for mutual gain, and their sense of when and where to enter and exit a market. Consumers send signals to entrepreneurs, signaling when it is demanded that they enter or exit the market. Markets are measured by both quantitative and qualitative parameters. The size of the market matters, but so does the ability of the market to work, that is, to send clear signals to participants. Our purpose is to examine the Russian market’s quantity and quality. How many producers and consumers are getting together is one part of the puzzle. The larger part of our story is how well they are able to make deals. The Russian economic system has been a state of continual turmoil and reform for over a century, making it difficult for business to develop as the political, legal, and economic foundation continually shifts. The beginning of the 20th century saw Russia struggling to change its economic system from feudalism to mercantilism under the Czars. World War I ended with Russia in the midst of transforming its economic and political system into the world’s first full-fledged communist system. The

Peter J. Boettke; Bridget I. Butkevich

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Experimental and Theoretical Comparison of the O K-Edge Nonresonant Inelastic X-ray Scattering and X-ray Absorption Spectra of NaReO[subscript 4  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accurate X-ray absorption spectra (XAS) of first row atoms, e.g., O, are notoriously difficult to obtain due to the extreme sensitivity of the measurement to surface contamination, self-absorption, and saturation affects. Herein, we describe a comprehensive approach for determining reliable O K-edge XAS data for ReO{sub 4}{sup 1-} and provide methodology for obtaining trustworthy and quantitative data on nonconducting molecular systems, even in the presence of surface contamination. This involves comparing spectra measured by nonresonant inelastic X-ray scattering (NRIXS), a bulk-sensitive technique that is not prone to X-ray self-absorption and provides exact peak intensities, with XAS spectra obtained by three different detection modes, namely total electron yield (TEY), fluorescence yield (FY), and scanning transmission X-ray microscopy (STXM). For ReO{sub 4}{sup 1-}, TEY measurements were heavily influenced by surface contamination, while the FY and STXM data agree well with the bulk NRIXS analysis. These spectra all showed two intense pre-edge features indicative of the covalent interaction between the Re 5d and O 2p orbitals. Density functional theory calculations were used to assign these two peaks as O 1s excitations to the e and t{sub 2} molecular orbitals that result from Re 5d and O 2p covalent mixing in T{sub d} symmetry. Electronic structure calculations were used to determine the amount of O 2p character (%) in these molecular orbitals. Time dependent-density functional theory (TD-DFT) was also used to calculate the energies and intensities of the pre-edge transitions. Overall, under these experimental conditions, this analysis suggests that NRIXS, STXM, and FY operate cooperatively, providing a sound basis for validation of bulk-like excitation spectra and, in combination with electronic structure calculations, suggest that NaReO{sub 4} may serve as a well-defined O K-edge energy and intensity standard for future O K-edge XAS studies.

Bradley, Joseph A.; Yang, Ping; Batista, Enrique R.; Boland, Kevin S.; Burns, Carol J.; Clark, David L.; Conradson, Steven D.; Kozimor, Stosh A.; Martin, Richard L.; Seidler, Gerald T.; Scott, Brian L.; Shuh, David K.; Tyliszczak, Tolek; Wilkerson, Marianne P.; Wolfsberg, Laura E. (PNNL); (UWASH); (LBNL); (LANL)

2010-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

333

Experimental and Theoretical Comparison of the O K-Edge Non-Resonant Inelastic X-ray Scattering and X-ray Absorption Spectra of NaReO4  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accurate X-ray absorption spectra (XAS) of first row atoms, e.g. O, are notoriously difficult to obtain due to the extreme sensitivity of the measurement to surface contamination, self-absorption, and saturation effects. Herein, we describe a comprehensive approach for determining reliable O K-edge XAS data for ReO41- and provide methodology for obtaining trustworthy and quantitative data on non-conducting molecular systems, even in the presence of surface contamination. This involves comparing spectra measured by non-resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (NRIXS), a bulk-sensitive technique that is not prone to X-ray self-absorption and provides exact peak intensities, with XAS spectra obtained by three different detection modes, namely total electron yield (TEY), fluorescence yield (FY), and scanning transmission X-ray microscopy (STXM). For ReO41-, TEY measurements were heavily influenced by surface contamination, while the FY and STXM data agree well with the bulk NRIXS analysis. These spectra all showed two intense pre-edge features indicative of the covalent interaction between the Re 5d and O 2p orbitals. Time dependent density functional theory calculations were used to assign these two peaks as O 1s excitations to the e and t2 molecular orbitals that result from Re 5d and O 2p covalent mixing in Td symmetry. Electronic structure calculations were used to determine the amount of O 2p character (%) in these molecular orbitals. Time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) was also used to calculate the energies and intensities of the pre-edge transitions. Overall, under these experimental conditions, this analysis suggests that NRIXS, STXM, and FY operate cooperatively, providing a sound basis for validation of bulk-like excitation spectra and, in combination with electronic structure calculations, suggest that NaReO4 may serve as a well-defined O K-edge energy and intensity standard for future O K edge XAS studies.

Bradley, Joseph A.; Yang, Ping; Batista, Enrique R.; Boland, Kevin S.; Burns, Carol J.; Clark, David L.; Conradson, Steven D.; Kozimor, Stosh A.; Martin, Richard L.; Seidler, Gerald T.; Scott, Brian L.; Shuh, David K.; Tyliszczak, T.; Wilkerson, Marianne P.; Wolfsberg, Laura E.

2010-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

334

Natural Gas Used for Repressuring  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1-2013 1-2013 Oklahoma NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Texas NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Wyoming NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Other States Other States Total NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Alabama NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Arizona NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Arkansas NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 California NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Colorado NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Florida NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Illinois NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Indiana NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Kansas NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Kentucky NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Maryland NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Michigan NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Mississippi NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Missouri NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013

335

Natural Gas Vented and Flared  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6-2013 6-2013 Oklahoma NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Texas NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Wyoming NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Other States Other States Total NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Alabama NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Arizona NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Arkansas NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 California NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Colorado NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Florida NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Illinois NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Indiana NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Kansas NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Kentucky NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Maryland NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Michigan NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Mississippi NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Missouri NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013

336

No. 2 Diesel Fuel Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

NA NA NA NA NA NA 1994-2013 NA NA NA NA NA NA 1994-2013 East Coast (PADD 1) NA NA NA NA NA NA 1994-2013 New England (PADD 1A) NA NA NA NA NA NA 1994-2013 Connecticut NA NA NA NA NA NA 1994-2013 Maine NA NA NA NA NA NA 1994-2013 Massachusetts NA NA NA NA NA NA 1994-2013 New Hampshire NA NA NA NA NA NA 1994-2013 Rhode Island NA NA NA NA NA NA 1994-2013 Vermont NA NA NA NA NA NA 1994-2013 Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) NA NA NA NA NA NA 1994-2013 Delaware NA NA NA NA NA NA 1994-2013 District of Columbia NA NA NA NA NA NA 1994-2013 Maryland NA NA NA NA NA NA 1994-2013 New Jersey NA NA NA NA NA NA 1994-2013 New York NA NA NA NA NA NA 1994-2013 Pennsylvania NA NA NA NA NA NA 1994-2013 Lower Atlantic (PADD 1C) NA NA NA NA NA NA 1994-2013

337

Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas Wells (Summary)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007-2013 2007-2013 Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013 Alabama NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013 Arizona NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013 Arkansas NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013 California NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013 Colorado NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013 Florida NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013 Illinois NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013 Indiana NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013 Kansas NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013 Kentucky NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013 Louisiana NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013 Maryland NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013 Michigan NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013 Mississippi NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013 Missouri NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013 Montana NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013 Nebraska NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013

338

Joint electric power alternatives study. Appendix G. Joint parallel nuclear alternatives study for Russia. Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Joint Parallel Nuclear Alternatives Study for Russia (JPNAS) is a parallel study to the Joint Electric Power Alternatives Study (JEPAS). The JPNAS assessed the costs of enhancing the safety level of Russian nuclear power plants (NPPs), decommissioning of RBMK-1000 and first generation VVER-440 units, completion of NPP construction, NPP repowering into fossil fuel plants, and construction of new generation NPPs. In the framework of the JEPAS, the JPNAS provides data on the nuclear sector which is needed to formulate an integrated resources plan and schedule for investments for the development of Russia`s power sector.

NONE

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

U.S. Natural Gas Exports to Russia  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Babb, MT Havre, MT Port of Morgan, MT Pittsburg, NH Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Sweetgrass, MT Total to Chile Sabine Pass, LA Total to China Kenai, AK Sabine Pass, LA Total to India Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA Total to Japan Cameron, LA Kenai, AK Sabine Pass, LA Total to Mexico Douglas, AZ Nogales, AZ Calexico, CA Ogilby Mesa, CA Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX Clint, TX Del Rio, TX Eagle Pass, TX El Paso, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX Rio Bravo, TX Roma, TX Total to Portugal Sabine Pass, LA Total to Russia Total to South Korea Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA Total to Spain Cameron, LA Sabine Pass, LA Total to United Kingdom Sabine Pass, LA Period: Monthly Annual

340

U.S. Natural Gas Exports to Russia  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Babb, MT Havre, MT Port of Morgan, MT Pittsburg, NH Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Sweetgrass, MT Total to Chile Sabine Pass, LA Total to China Kenai, AK Sabine Pass, LA Total to India Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA Total to Japan Cameron, LA Kenai, AK Sabine Pass, LA Total to Mexico Douglas, AZ Nogales, AZ Calexico, CA Ogilby Mesa, CA Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX Clint, TX Del Rio, TX Eagle Pass, TX El Paso, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX Rio Bravo, TX Roma, TX Total to Portugal Sabine Pass, LA Total to Russia Total to South Korea Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA Total to Spain Cameron, LA Sabine Pass, LA Total to United Kingdom Sabine Pass, LA Period: Monthly Annual

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na na russia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Wind-Diesel Hybrid Systems for Russia's Northern Territories  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper will summarize the DOE/Russian Ministry of Fuel and Energy (MF and E) activities in Russia's Northern Territories in the field of hybrid wind-diesel power systems over the last three years (1997-1999). The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) supplied technical assistance to the project, including resource assessment, system design, site identification, training and system monitoring. As a result, several wind-diesel systems have been installed and are operating in the Arkhangelsk/Murmansk regions and in Chukotka. NREL designed and provided sets of data acquisition equipment to monitor several of the first pilot wind-diesel systems. NREL's computer simulation models are being used for performance data analysis and optimizing of future system configurations.

Gevorgian, V.; Touryan, K. [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (US); Bezrukikh, P. [Ministry of Fuel and Energy of Russian Federation (RU); Bezrukikh, P. Jr.; Karghiev, V. [Intersolarcenter

1999-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

342

Prospects and problems of development of geothermal resources of Russia  

SciTech Connect

This article discusses the pros and cons of geothermal energy source development in the Russian Federation. It estimates the geothermal reserves in each area of the Federation and presents the data in terms of tons of conventional fuels. Across the region, the average specific density exceeds 2,000,000 tons of conventional fuel per cubic kilometer. In the administrative regions of central Russia, the geothermal reserves are estimated to range from 160 years to 4200 years. The economic feasibility of developing these resources in the administrative regions is also explored, and it is concluded that the geothermal heat source is a source of hot water that is far superior to the conventional electric boiler-house source.

Boguslavskii, E.I.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Air Shipment of Spent Nuclear Fuel from Romania to Russia  

SciTech Connect

Romania successfully completed the world’s first air shipment of spent nuclear fuel transported in Type B(U) casks under existing international laws and without shipment license special exceptions when the last Romanian highly enriched uranium (HEU) spent nuclear fuel was transported to the Russian Federation in June 2009. This air shipment required the design, fabrication, and licensing of special 20 foot freight containers and cask tiedown supports to transport the eighteen TUK 19 shipping casks on a Russian commercial cargo aircraft. The new equipment was certified for transport by road, rail, water, and air to provide multi modal transport capabilities for shipping research reactor spent fuel. The equipment design, safety analyses, and fabrication were performed in the Russian Federation and transport licenses were issued by both the Russian and Romanian regulatory authorities. The spent fuel was transported by truck from the VVR S research reactor to the Bucharest airport, flown by commercial cargo aircraft to the airport at Yekaterinburg, Russia, and then transported by truck to the final destination in a secure nuclear facility at Chelyabinsk, Russia. This shipment of 23.7 kg of HEU was coordinated by the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program (RRRFR), as part of the U.S. Department of Energy Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI), in close cooperation with the Rosatom State Atomic Energy Corporation and the International Atomic Energy Agency, and was managed in Romania by the National Commission for Nuclear Activities Control (CNCAN). This paper describes the planning, shipment preparations, equipment design, and license approvals that resulted in the safe and secure air shipment of this spent nuclear fuel.

Igor Bolshinsky; Ken Allen; Lucian Biro; Alexander Buchelnikov

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Russia-US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation Jump to: navigation, search Name Russia-US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation Agency/Company /Organization United States Forest Service Sector Land Focus Area Forestry Topics Background analysis Website http://www.fs.fed.us/global/to Country Russia Eastern Europe References US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation[1] "Like the US, Russia contains temperate and boreal forests. The forests share similar species, similar forest health problems, and some common threats. Since the mid-nineties, the US Forest Service has worked with Russian partners, including the State Forestry Service of Russia to: 1) promote sustainable forestry practices, 2) address forest health issues and

345

DOE Announces U.S.-Russia Fourth Report on Bratislava Agreement |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S.-Russia Fourth Report on Bratislava Agreement U.S.-Russia Fourth Report on Bratislava Agreement DOE Announces U.S.-Russia Fourth Report on Bratislava Agreement January 12, 2007 - 9:59am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Secretary Samuel Bodman announced today that he and Russian Federal Atomic Energy Agency Director Sergey Kiriyenko have submitted to Presidents Bush and Putin the fourth report of the Senior Interagency Working Group on implementation of the February 2005 Bratislava Checklist. "The accelerated schedule adopted under Bratislava is being implemented with great success," Secretary Bodman said. "Our efforts to minimize and secure highly enriched uranium and plutonium are making the world safer. Our cooperation with Russia on emergency response and nuclear security

346

U.S and Russia Develop Action Plan to Enhance Global and Bilateral Nuclear  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

S and Russia Develop Action Plan to Enhance Global and Bilateral S and Russia Develop Action Plan to Enhance Global and Bilateral Nuclear Energy Cooperation U.S and Russia Develop Action Plan to Enhance Global and Bilateral Nuclear Energy Cooperation December 19, 2006 - 9:46am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman and Russian Federal Atomic Energy Agency (Rosatom) Director Sergey V. Kiriyenko last week submitted to U.S. President George W. Bush and Russian President Vladimir Putin a joint work plan that will provide a framework for further bilateral cooperation in the development of nuclear energy technology and deployment. The plan was completed and signed by both parties the week of December 11, 2006, as part of an agreement that stemmed from the G8 Summit in St. Petersburg, Russia, in July of this year.

347

U.S. and Russia Sign Plan for Russian Plutonium Disposition | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sign Plan for Russian Plutonium Disposition Sign Plan for Russian Plutonium Disposition U.S. and Russia Sign Plan for Russian Plutonium Disposition November 19, 2007 - 4:31pm Addthis Will Eliminate Enough Russian Plutonium for Thousands of Nuclear Weapons WASHINGTON, DC -U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman and Russian Federal Atomic Energy Agency Director Sergey Kiriyenko have signed a joint statement outlining a plan to dispose of 34 metric tons of surplus plutonium from Russia's weapons program. Under the new plan, the United States will cooperate with Russia to convert Russian weapon-grade plutonium into mixed oxide fuel (MOX) and irradiate the MOX fuel in the BN-600 fast reactor, currently operating at the Beloyarsk nuclear power plant, and in the BN-800 fast reactor, currently under construction at the same site. The United States and Russia also

348

U.S. And Russia Complete Nuclear Security Upgrades Under Bratislava  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

And Russia Complete Nuclear Security Upgrades Under Bratislava And Russia Complete Nuclear Security Upgrades Under Bratislava Initiative U.S. And Russia Complete Nuclear Security Upgrades Under Bratislava Initiative December 23, 2008 - 9:18am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC -The U.S. Department of Energy today delivered the Bratislava Nuclear Security report to the White House, which detailed the status of work agreed to by Presidents Bush and Putin in Bratislava in 2005. U.S. and Russian officials from the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), the U.S. Department of Defense, the Russian Ministry of Defense and State Atomic Energy Corporation "Rosatom" reviewed work to complete nuclear security upgrades in Russia at meetings in Moscow last week. Building on this success, both

349

NNSA Partners With Russia to Recover Material That Could Be Used in Dirty  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Partners With Russia to Recover Material That Could Be Used in Dirty Partners With Russia to Recover Material That Could Be Used in Dirty Bombs | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > Media Room > Press Releases > NNSA Partners With Russia to Recover Material ... Press Release NNSA Partners With Russia to Recover Material That Could Be Used in Dirty

350

Joint Statement on Future U.S.-Russia Nuclear Energy and Nonproliferation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Joint Statement on Future U.S.-Russia Nuclear Energy and Joint Statement on Future U.S.-Russia Nuclear Energy and Nonproliferation Collaboration Following Russian Delegation Visit to the United States Joint Statement on Future U.S.-Russia Nuclear Energy and Nonproliferation Collaboration Following Russian Delegation Visit to the United States December 10, 2013 - 2:30pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 U.S. Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz and State Corporation for Nuclear Energy (Rosatom) Director General Sergey Kirienko today held talks in Washington, D.C., about the future of U.S.-Russia collaborative work in the nuclear energy field, including nuclear research and development, commercial aspects of cooperation, nuclear safety, and nonproliferation. The meeting coincided with the arrival of the final shipment of low

351

18-Year Land-Surface Hydrology Model Simulations for a Midlatitude Grassland Catchment in Valdai, Russia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Off-line simulations of improved bucket hydrology and Simplified Simple Biosphere (SSiB) models are performed for a grassland vegetation catchment region, located at the Valdai water-balance research station in Russia, forced by observed ...

C. Adam Schlosser; Alan Robock; Konstantin Ya Vinnikov; Nina A. Speranskaya; Yongkang Xue

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Under U.S.-Russia Partnership, Final Shipment of Fuel Converted...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Megawatts Program, with this week's off-loading of the final shipment of low enriched uranium (LEU) at the Port of Baltimore in Baltimore, Maryland, from Russia. The shipment was...

353

Russia Tri-Lab S&T Collaborations | National Nuclear Security...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog The National Nuclear Security Administration Russia Tri-Lab S&T Collaborations Home > About Us > Our Programs >...

354

21H.466 Imperial and Revolutionary Russia, 1800-1917, Fall 2002  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analyzes Russia's social, cultural, political heritage; Eurasian imperialism; and autocracy. Compares reforming and revolutionary impulses in the context of serfdom, the rise of the intelligentsia, and debates over capitalism. ...

Wood, Elizabeth A., 1958-

355

21H.466 Imperial and Revolutionary Russia: Culture and Politics, Fall 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

At the beginning of the eighteenth century Russia began to come into its own as a major European power. Members of the Russian intellectual classes increasingly compared themselves and their autocratic order to states and ...

Wood, Elizabeth A.

356

Performance potential of the coal strip mining in the east of Russia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The potentialities of the leading mining districts in Russia to improve coal production by strip mining are analyzed. The operational issues of the Erunakovskiy (Kuzbass), Kansko-Achinskiy and South Yakutia territorial production complexes are considered.

Cheskidov, V.I. [Russian Academy of Science, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation). Inst. of Mining

2007-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

357

U.S.-Russia Twenty-Year Partnership Completes Final Milestone...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Completes Final Milestone in Converting 20,000 Russian Nuclear Warheads into Fuel for U.S. Electricity U.S.-Russia Twenty-Year Partnership Completes Final Milestone in...

358

Energy Efficiency Investments in Public Facilities - Developing a Pilot Mechanism for Russia and Chelyabinsk Region  

SciTech Connect

Russian public sector buildings tend to be very inefficient, which creates vast opportunities for savings. This paper reviews opportunities to implement energy efficiency projects in Russian public buildings, created by new Russian legislation and regulations. Given Russia's limited experience with energy performance contracts (EPCs), a pilot project can help test an implementation mechanism. The authors use Chelyabinsk Region as an example to discuss opportunities, challenges and solutions to financing and implementing an EPC in Russia, navigating through federal requirements and specific local conditions.

Evans, Meredydd; Roshchanka, Volha; Parker, Steven A.; Baranovskiy, Aleksandr

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

(NaAlSiO4) – Malinkoite (NaBSiO4  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radioactive Demonstrations of Fluidized Bed Steam Reforming (FBSR) with Hanford Low Activity Wastes · Radionuclide Behavior and Geochemistry in Boom

360

Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas Wells  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007-2013 2007-2013 Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013 Louisiana NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013 New Mexico NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013 Oklahoma NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013 Texas NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013 Wyoming NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013 Other States Other States Total NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013 Alabama NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013 Arizona NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013 Arkansas NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013 California NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013 Colorado NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013 Florida NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013 Illinois NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013 Indiana NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013 Kansas NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013 Kentucky NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013 Maryland

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na na russia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed from Natural Gas  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6-2013 6-2013 Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico NA NA NA NA NA NA 1997-2013 Louisiana NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 New Mexico NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Oklahoma NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Texas NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Wyoming NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Other States Other States Total NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Alabama NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Arizona NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Arkansas NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 California NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Colorado NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Florida NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Illinois NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Indiana NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Kansas NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Kentucky NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Maryland

362

Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Coalbed Wells  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2002-2013 2002-2013 Alaska NA NA NA NA NA NA 2002-2013 Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico NA NA NA NA NA NA 2002-2013 Louisiana NA NA NA NA NA NA 2002-2013 New Mexico NA NA NA NA NA NA 2002-2013 Oklahoma NA NA NA NA NA NA 2002-2013 Texas NA NA NA NA NA NA 2002-2013 Wyoming NA NA NA NA NA NA 2002-2013 Other States Other States Total NA NA NA NA NA NA 2002-2013 Alabama NA NA NA NA NA NA 2002-2013 Arizona NA NA NA NA NA NA 2002-2013 Arkansas NA NA NA NA NA NA 2006-2013 California NA NA NA NA NA NA 2002-2013 Colorado NA NA NA NA NA NA 2002-2013 Florida NA NA NA NA NA NA 2002-2013 Illinois NA NA NA NA NA NA 2006-2013 Indiana NA NA NA NA NA NA 2006-2013 Kansas NA NA NA NA NA NA 2002-2013 Kentucky

363

Under U.S.-Russia Partnership, Final Shipment of Fuel Converted From 20,000  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Under U.S.-Russia Partnership, Final Shipment of Fuel Converted Under U.S.-Russia Partnership, Final Shipment of Fuel Converted From 20,000 Russian Nuclear Warheads Arrives in United States and Will Be Used for U.S. Electricity Under U.S.-Russia Partnership, Final Shipment of Fuel Converted From 20,000 Russian Nuclear Warheads Arrives in United States and Will Be Used for U.S. Electricity December 10, 2013 - 2:50pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON, D.C. - The United States and Russia are today commemorating the completion of the 1993 U.S.-Russia HEU Purchase Agreement, commonly known as the Megatons to Megawatts Program, with this week's off-loading of the final shipment of low enriched uranium (LEU) at the Port of Baltimore in Baltimore, Maryland, from Russia. The shipment was the last of the LEU converted from more than 500 metric tons of weapons-origin highly enriched

364

International Coal Prices for Industry- EIA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Industry for Selected Countries1 Industry for Selected Countries1 U.S. Dollars per Metric Ton2 Country 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Argentina NA NA NA NA NA 37.24 NA NA NA Australia NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Austria 55.54 74.15 86.26 168.56 175.88 178.48 199.93 245.60 239.30 Barbados NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Belgium NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Bolivia NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Brazil NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Bulgaria NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Canada NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Chile NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA China 27.15 30.40 32.14 43.17 NA NA NA NA NA Chinese Taipei (Taiwan) NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Colombia NA NA NA NA NA NA 42.85 49.66 NA

365

Table 6.7 Natural Gas Wellhead, Citygate, and Imports ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

1954.10 .61 : na : na : na : na : 1955.10 .60 : na : na : na : na : 1956.11 .64 : na : na : na : na : 1957.11 .62 : na : na : na : na : 1958.12 .66 : ...

366

International Energy Statistics - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, North: NA : NA : NA : NA : Korea, South: 15 : 1,671 : 0 : 1,753 : Laos: NA : NA : NA : NA : Macau: NA : NA : NA : NA : Malaysia: NA : NA : NA : NA : Maldives ...

367

U.S. Natural Gas Exports to Russia  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Warroad, MN Babb, MT Havre, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Buffalo, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Sweetgrass, MT Total to Chile Sabine Pass, LA Total to China Kenai, AK Sabine Pass, LA Total to India Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA Total to Japan Cameron, LA Freeport, TX Kenai, AK Port Nikiski, AK Sabine Pass, LA Total to Mexico Douglas, AZ Nogales, AZ Calexico, CA Ogilby Mesa, CA Otay Mesa, CA San Diego, CA Alamo, TX Clint, TX Del Rio, TX Eagle Pass, TX El Paso, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX Rio Bravo, TX Roma, TX Total to Portugal Sabine Pass, LA Total to Russia Kenai, AK Total to South Korea Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA Total to Spain Cameron, LA Sabine Pass, LA Total to United Kingdom Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Exports from Cameron, LA LNG Exports from Kenai, AK LNG Exports from Freeport, TX LNG Exports from Nogales, AZ LNG Exports from Otay Mesa, CA LNG Exports from Sabine Pass, LA LNG Exports from Sweetgrass, MT Period: Monthly Annual

368

Nuclear Energy Governance and the Politics of Social Justice: Technology, Public Goods, and Redistribution in Russia and France  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jose and Mireia Piera. "Nuclear fission sustainability withJose and Mireia Piera. "Nuclear fission sustainability withnuclear energy redistribution in Russia and France; the substitution of fission

Grigoriadis, Theocharis N

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Mercantilist Development in Russia: The Legitimacy of State Power, State Identity, and the Energy Charter Regime (1990 - 2010)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A comparison of Azerbaijan and Russia,” Business andUkraine, Belorussia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan,its competitors in the FSU (Azerbaijan, Central Asia) for

Barkanov, Boris

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Mercantilist Development in Russia: The Legitimacy of State Power, State Identity, and the Energy Charter Regime (1990 - 2010)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Restrictions on Natural Gas Imports from Russia,” Paperand dependency on oil and gas imports growing and suppliesreductions in natural gas imports were 54% for Bulgaria, 86%

Barkanov, Boris

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

From separations to reconstitution - a short history of Plutonium in the U.S. and Russia  

SciTech Connect

During the cold war plutonium was produced in reactors in both the US and Russia. It was then separated from the residual uranium and fission products by a variety of precipitation processes, such as Bismuth Phosphate, Redox, Butex, Purex, etc. in the US and uranium acetate and Purex in Russia. After a period of time in the field, plutonium weapons were recycled and the plutonium re-purified and returned to weapons. purification was accomplished by a variety of aqueous and molten salt processes, such as nitric-hydrofluoric acid dissolution followed by anion exchange, Purex modifications, molten salt extraction, electrorefining, etc. in the US and nitric acid dissolution or sodium hydroxide fusion followed by anion exchange in Russia. At the end of the Cold War, plutonium production of weapons-grade plutonium was cut off in the US and is expected to be cut off in Russia shortly after the turn of the century. Now both countries are looking at methods to reconstitute plutonium with fission products to render it no longer useful for nuclear weapons. These methods include immobilization in a ceramic matrix and then encasement in fission product laden glass, irradiation of MOX fuel, and disposal as waste in WIPP in the US and irradiation of MOX fuel in Russia. This paper details the contrast between the treatment of plutonium during the cold war and after the cold war was over.

Gray, L W

1999-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

372

Short-Period Seismic Noise in Vorkuta (Russia)  

SciTech Connect

Cultural development of new subpolar areas of Russia is associated with a need for detailed seismic research, including both mapping of regional seismicity and seismic monitoring of specific mining enterprises. Of special interest are the northern territories of European Russia, including shelves of the Kara and Barents Seas, Yamal Peninsula, and the Timan-Pechora region. Continuous seismic studies of these territories are important now because there is insufficient seismological knowledge of the area and an absence of systematic data on the seismicity of the region. Another task of current interest is the necessity to consider the seismic environment in the design, construction, and operation of natural gas extracting enterprises such as the construction of the North European Gas Pipeline. Issues of scientific importance for seismic studies in the region are the complex geodynamical setting, the presence of permafrost, and the complex tectonic structure. In particular, the Uralian Orogene (Fig. 1) strongly affects the propagation of seismic waves. The existing subpolar seismic stations [APA (67,57{sup o}N; 33,40{sup o}E), LVZ (67,90{sup o}N; 34,65{sup o}E), and NRIL (69,50{sup o}N; 88,40{sup o}E)] do not cover the extensive area between the Pechora and Ob Rivers (Fig. 1). Thus seismic observations in the Vorkuta area, which lies within the area of concern, represent a special interest. Continuous recording at a seismic station near the city of Vorkuta (67,50{sup o}N; 64,11{sup o}E) [1] has been conducted since 2005 for the purpose of regional seismic monitoring and, more specifically, detection of seismic signals caused by local mining enterprises. Current surveys of local seismic noise [7,8,9,11], are particularly aimed at a technical survey for the suitability of the site for installation of a small-aperture seismic array, which would include 10-12 recording instruments, with the Vorkuta seismic station as the central element. When constructed, this seismic array will considerably improve the recording capacity of regional and local seismic events. It will allow detection of signatures of seismic waves propagating in submeridional and sublatitudinal directions. The latter is of special interest not only to access the influence of the Urals on propagation patterns of seismic waves, but also to address other questions, such as the structure and dynamic characteristics of the internal dynamo of the Earth [9,13]. Recording seismic waves at low angular distances from seismically active subpolar zones will allow us to collect data on vortical and convective movements in subpolar lithosphere blocks and at the boundary of the inner core of the Earth, possibly giving essential clues to the modeling of the Earth's electromagnetic field [3,13]. The present study considers basic features of seismic noise at the Vorkuta station obtained through the analysis of seismic records from March, 2006 till December, 2007.

Kishkina, S B; Spivak, A A; Sweeney, J J

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

373

Natural Gas Dry Production (Annual Supply & Disposition)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

055,938 1,990,431 2,075,702 2,076,287 1,990,290 2,076,796 055,938 1,990,431 2,075,702 2,076,287 1,990,290 2,076,796 1997-2013 Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico NA NA NA NA NA NA 2006-2013 Alabama NA NA NA NA NA NA 2006-2013 Alaska NA NA NA NA NA NA 2006-2013 Arizona NA NA NA NA NA NA 2006-2013 Arkansas NA NA NA NA NA NA 2006-2013 California NA NA NA NA NA NA 2006-2013 Colorado NA NA NA NA NA NA 2006-2013 Florida NA NA NA NA NA NA 2006-2013 Illinois NA NA NA NA NA NA 2006-2013 Indiana NA NA NA NA NA NA 2006-2013 Kansas NA NA NA NA NA NA 2006-2013 Kentucky NA NA NA NA NA NA 2006-2013 Louisiana NA NA NA NA NA NA 2006-2013 Maryland NA NA NA NA NA NA 2006-2013 Michigan NA NA NA NA NA NA 2006-2013 Mississippi NA NA NA NA NA NA 2006-2013 Missouri

374

Missouri Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Oil Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Shale Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013 From Coalbed Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013...

375

Arizona Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Oil Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Shale Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013 From Coalbed Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2002-2013...

376

Louisiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Oil Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Shale Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013 From Coalbed Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2002-2013...

377

Wyoming Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Oil Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Shale Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013 From Coalbed Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2002-2013...

378

Oregon Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Oil Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 From Shale Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013 From Coalbed Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2002-2013...

379

Oklahoma Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Oil Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Shale Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013 From Coalbed Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2002-2013...

380

Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells (Summary)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1991-2013 Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico NA NA NA NA NA NA 1997-2013 Alabama NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Alaska NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Arizona NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na na russia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Coalbed Wells (Summary)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2002-2013 Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico NA NA NA NA NA NA 2002-2013 Alabama NA NA NA NA NA NA 2002-2013 Alaska NA NA NA NA NA NA 2002-2013 Arizona NA NA NA NA NA NA 2002-2013...

382

Mississippi Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Withdrawals NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Oil Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Shale Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013...

383

Montana Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Withdrawals NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Oil Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Shale Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013...

384

Kansas Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Withdrawals NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Oil Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Shale Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013...

385

Kentucky Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Withdrawals NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Oil Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Shale Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013...

386

Maryland Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Withdrawals NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Oil Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Shale Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013...

387

Colorado Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Withdrawals NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Oil Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Shale Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013...

388

North Dakota Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Withdrawals NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Oil Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Shale Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013...

389

California Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Withdrawals NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Oil Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Shale Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013...

390

Michigan Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Withdrawals NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Oil Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Shale Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013...

391

Nebraska Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Withdrawals NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Oil Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Shale Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013...

392

Illinois Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Withdrawals NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Oil Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Shale Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013...

393

Arkansas Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Withdrawals NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Oil Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Shale Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013...

394

Alabama Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Withdrawals NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Oil Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Shale Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013...

395

Arizona Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Withdrawals NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 From Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Oil Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Shale Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013...

396

Indiana Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Withdrawals NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Oil Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Shale Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013...

397

Missouri Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Withdrawals NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Oil Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Shale Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013...

398

Florida Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Withdrawals NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 From Oil Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Shale Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013...

399

Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Coalbed Wells  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

2002-2013 Alaska NA NA NA NA NA NA 2002-2013 Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico NA NA NA NA NA NA 2002-2013 Louisiana NA NA NA NA NA NA 2002-2013 New Mexico NA NA NA NA NA NA...

400

Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed from Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6-2013 Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico NA NA NA NA NA NA 1997-2013 Louisiana NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 New Mexico NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Oklahoma NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na na russia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Natural Gas Used for Repressuring  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

1-2013 Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico NA NA NA NA NA NA 1997-2013 Louisiana NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 New Mexico NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Oklahoma NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013...

402

Natural Gas Vented and Flared  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

1-2013 Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico NA NA NA NA NA NA 1997-2013 Louisiana NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 New Mexico NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013 Oklahoma NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2013...

403

NNSA Celebrates 10 Years of Cooperation with Russia in Securing Nuclear  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

10 Years of Cooperation with Russia in Securing Nuclear 10 Years of Cooperation with Russia in Securing Nuclear Material | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > About Us > Our History > NNSA Timeline > NNSA Celebrates 10 Years of Cooperation with ... NNSA Celebrates 10 Years of Cooperation with Russia in Securing Nuclear

404

U.S. and Russia Reaffirm Commitment to Disposing of Weapon-Grade Plutonium  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reaffirm Commitment to Disposing of Weapon-Grade Reaffirm Commitment to Disposing of Weapon-Grade Plutonium U.S. and Russia Reaffirm Commitment to Disposing of Weapon-Grade Plutonium July 13, 2006 - 3:05pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Energy Secretary Samuel W. Bodman and Sergey Kiriyenko, the director of Russia's Federal Atomic Energy Agency, have signed a joint statement reaffirming their commitment to dispose of 34 metric tons of excess weapon-grade plutonium by irradiation in nuclear reactors. "This statement is a clear sign of our mutual commitment to keeping dangerous nuclear material out of the hands of terrorists. We look forward to working together with the Russians to ensure that this important nonproliferation project moves forward in both Russia and the United States," Secretary Bodman said.

405

Secretary Bodman and Rosatom Director Kiriyenko Meet to Discuss U.S.-Russia  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and Rosatom Director Kiriyenko Meet to Discuss and Rosatom Director Kiriyenko Meet to Discuss U.S.-Russia Nuclear Security Progress Secretary Bodman and Rosatom Director Kiriyenko Meet to Discuss U.S.-Russia Nuclear Security Progress February 1, 2008 - 11:13am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman and Russian Federal Atomic Energy Agency (Rosatom) Director Sergey Kiriyenko today met to highlight U.S.-Russian efforts to keep nuclear weapons and weapons material out of the hands of terrorists. Secretary Bodman and Director Kiriyenko discussed progress made and next steps to shutdown Russia plutonium reactors this year, dispose of 68 metric tons of plutonium, and advance cooperation to expand the use of civilian nuclear energy through the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership. Secretary Bodman also highlighted

406

Russia-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Russia-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) Russia-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) in Developing and Transition Countries Jump to: navigation, search Name Russia-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) in Developing and Transition Countries Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner Ministry of Energy, Ministry of Planning, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Industry Sector Climate, Energy, Water Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Economic Development, Goods and Materials, Industry, People and Policy, Water Conservation Topics Background analysis, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Health, - Macroeconomic, Finance, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, -Roadmap, -TNA, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Technology characterizations

407

Russia Tri-Lab S&T Collaborations | National Nuclear Security  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Russia Tri-Lab S&T Collaborations | National Nuclear Security Russia Tri-Lab S&T Collaborations | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog The National Nuclear Security Administration Russia Tri-Lab S&T Collaborations Home > About Us > Our Programs > Defense Programs > Future Science & Technology Programs > Office of Advanced Simulation and Computing and

408

Russia-U.S. joint program on the safe management of nuclear materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Russia-US joint program on the safe management of nuclear materials was initiated to address common technical issues confronting the US and Russia in the management of excess weapons grade nuclear materials. The program was initiated after the 1993 Tomsk-7 accident. This paper provides an update on program activities since 1996. The Fourth US Russia Nuclear Materials Safety Management Workshop was conducted in March 1997. In addition, a number of contracts with Russian Institutes have been placed by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and Sandia National Laboratories (SNL). These contracts support research related to the safe disposition of excess plutonium (Pu) and highly enriched uranium (HEU). Topics investigated by Russian scientists under contracts with SNL and LLNL include accident consequence studies, the safety of anion exchange processes, underground isolation of nuclear materials, and the development of materials for the immobilization of excess weapons Pu.

Witmer, F.E.; Krumpe, P.F. [Dept. of Energy, Washington, DC (United States); Carlson, D.D. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)] [and others

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Technical framework to facilitate foreign spent fuel storage and geologic disposal in Russia  

SciTech Connect

The option of storage and eventual geologic disposal in Russia of spent fuel of US origin used in Taiwan provides a unique opportunity that can benefit many parties. Taiwan has a near term need for a spent fuel storage and geologic disposal solution, available financial resources, but limited prospect for a timely domestic solution. Russia has significant spent fuel storage and transportation management experience, candidate storage and repository sites, but limited financial resources available for their development. The US has interest in Taiwan energy security, national security and nonproliferation interests in Russian spent fuel storage and disposal and interest in the US origin fuel. While it is understood that such a project includes complex policy and international political issues as well as technical issues, the goal of this paper is to begin the discussion by presenting a technical path forward to establish the feasibility of this concept for Russia.

Jardine, L J; Halsey, W G; Cmith, C F

2000-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

410

{open_quotes}Rosshelf{close_quotes} company and development of the Arctic Shelf of Russia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Russian {open_quotes}Rosshelf{close_quotes} company for developing the shelf is the nucleus of a new branch of industry for developing oil and gas fields on shelves of Russia, primarily in the Arctic. {open_quotes}Rosshelf{close_quotes}, created on the basis of leading naval defence enterprises, Russia`s largest geological and mining enterprises, and territorial organizations managing the northern regions of Russia, obtained a license in March 1993 for the right to use the natural resources of Europe`s largest Shtokman gas-condensate field and Prirazlomnoe oil field in the Barents Sea and thus has all the conditions and possibilities for the successful organization of oil and gas production on the continental shelf of Russia. The goals of {open_quotes}Rosshelf{close_quotes} are: the production of oil and gas equipment at converted defence enterprises, including under foreign license and for export; the development of oil and gas fields on the continental shelf of Russia; the creation of new prospective technologies for offshore oil and gas production under conditions of the Russian and mainly the arctic shelf. {open_quotes}Rosshelf{close_quotes} should develop the Pechora Sea fields, mainly the Prirazlomnoe oil field with its relatively small depth and distance from the shore. It is planned to develop Europe`s largest Shtokman field at a distance of 600 km from the shore in the course of 10-12 years with expenditures of about $6 billion. The use of defence technologies underlying the activities of {open_quotes}Rosshelf{close_quotes} gives the company a real change to reach the world level of offshore oil- and gas-production technology. Broad cooperation with foreign companies, mainly in the area of engineering, finances, ecology, and safety, planned also for this. Calculations show that already the priority projects of {open_quotes}Rosshelf{close_quotes} will provide 250,000-300,000 highly skilled jobs at Russian defence enterprises.

Velikhov, E.P.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Geothermal-brine modeling - prediction of mineral solubilities in natural waters: the Na-K-Mg-Ca-H-Cl-SO{sub 4}-OH-HCO{sub 3} CO{sub 3}-CO{sub 2}-H{sub 2}O system to high ionic strengths at 25{sup 0}C  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The mineral solubility model of Harvie and Weare (1980) is extended to the eight component system, Na-K-Ca-Mg-H-Cl-SO{sub 4}-OH-HCO{sub 3}-CO{sub 3}-CO{sub 2}-H{sub 2}O at 25{sup 0}C to high concentrations. The model is based on the semi-empirical equations of Pitzer (1973) and co-workers for the thermodynamics of aqueous electrolyte solutions. The model is parameterized using many of the available isopiestic, electromotive force, and solubility data available for many of the subsystems. The predictive abilities of the model are demonstrated by comparison to experimental data in systems more complex than those used in parameterization. The essential features of a chemical model for aqueous electrolyte solutions and the relationship between pH and the equilibrium properties of a solution are discussed.

Weare, J.H.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Heavy Fuel Oil Prices for Electricity Generation - EIA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Heavy Fuel Oil Prices for Electricity Generation for Selected Countries1 Heavy Fuel Oil Prices for Electricity Generation for Selected Countries1 U.S. Dollars per Metric Ton2 Country 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Argentina NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Australia NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Austria 83.0 96.4 146.4 153.3 182.2 226.1 220.3 342.3 248.3 Barbados NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Belgium 155.1 160.4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Bolivia NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Brazil NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Canada 115.7 117.8 180.4 141.5 198.4 222.4 NA NA NA Chile NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA China NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Chinese Taipei (Taiwan) NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Colombia NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Cuba NA NA NA 183.4 NA NA NA NA NA

413

An Evaluation of the United States Standard 8-in. Nonrecording Raingage at the Valdai Polygon, Russia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A unique set of data from Valdai, Russia, (previously unreported in the United States) is used to evaluate the ubiquitous standard 8-in.-diameter raingage that has been used for over 100 years at tens of thousands of United States stations. The ...

Valentin S. Golubev; Pavel Ya Groisman; Robert G. Quayle

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

An assessment of recent extreme weather in Pakistan and Russia Mike Blackburn1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- 1 - An assessment of recent extreme weather in Pakistan and Russia Mike Blackburn1 , Andy Turner1 crossed the mountains over northern Pakistan, intensifying the monsoon rains there. This trough into northern Pakistan, beneath the trough(Fig.3) . It appears to be this conjunction of events that led

Dacre, Helen

415

Pipeline gas trade between Asian Russia, Northeast Asia gets fresh look  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pipeline trade in natural gas between Asian Russia and Northeast Asia is receiving serious attention from the governments and companies central to the projects that might evolve. Such trade has become possible during the past 5 years because of improvements in relations between China and Russia. Prospects for a long-distance pipeline are enhanced by the possibility of extending deliveries of Russian gas to Korea and Japan to supplement imports by those countries of liquefied natural gas. Korea and Japan have expressed interest in participating in a Russia-China pipeline. But their approaches differ greatly and would require careful coordination. Furthermore, participation by western companies would be essential. A 2 year study by the Royal Institute of International Affairs examined Japanese and Korean views about energy needs and possible sources of supply. The study included a survey of 32 energy organizations in those countries. This article reviews the gas potential of Asian Russia, describes events that have brought attention to those resources as a possible source of supply to Northeast Asia, and summarizes findings of the survey.

Paik, K.W. [Royal Inst. of International Affairs, London (United Kingdom); Choi, J.Y. [University College, London (United Kingdom)

1997-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

416

Energy Efficiency Investments in Public Facilities - Developing a Pilot Mechanism for Energy Performance Contracts (EPCs) in Russia  

SciTech Connect

: Russian public sector buildings tend to be very inefficient, which creates vast opportunities for savings. This report overviews the latest developments in the Russian legislation related to energy efficiency in the public sector, describes the major challenges the regulations pose, and proposes ways to overcome these challenges. Given Russia’s limited experience with energy performance contracts (EPCs), a pilot project can help test an implementation mechanism. This paper discusses how EPCs and other mechanisms can help harness energy savings opportunities in Russia in general, and thus, can be applicable to any Russian region.

Evans, Meredydd; Roshchanka, Volha; Parker, Steven A.; Baranovskiy, Aleksandr

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

A Multiscale Analysis of the Extreme Weather Events over Western Russia and Northern Pakistan during July 2010  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This manuscript presents a detailed multiscale analysis—using observations, model analyses, and ensemble forecasts—of the extreme heat wave over Russia and historic floods over Pakistan during late July 2010, with an emphasis on the floods over ...

Thomas J. Galarneau Jr.; Thomas M. Hamill; Randall M. Dole; Judith Perlwitz

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

U.S. and Russia Cooperation Continues on Nuclear Security | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cooperation Continues on Nuclear Security Cooperation Continues on Nuclear Security U.S. and Russia Cooperation Continues on Nuclear Security June 28, 2007 - 2:08pm Addthis Newly Signed Fifth Bratislava Report Highlights Most Recent Advances in Nuclear Security and Nonproliferation WASHINGTON, D.C. - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman and Russian Federal Atomic Energy Agency (Rosatom) Director Sergey Kiriyenko today submitted to Presidents Bush and Putin the fifth report on nuclear security cooperation between the two countries. The report is known as the Bratislava Report after the 2005 historic nonproliferation agreement between the two presidents. It details significant work completed by the United States and Russia over the past six months in the areas of emergency response, nuclear security procedures and best practices, security culture,

419

Material protection, control and accounting cooperation at the Urals Electrochemical Integrated Plant (UEIP), Novouralsk, Russia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Urals Electrochemical Integrated Plant is one of the Russian Ministry of Atomic Energy`s nuclear material production sites participating in the US Department of Energy`s Material Protection, Control and Accounting (MPC&A) Program. The Urals Electrochemical Integrated Plant is Russia`s largest uranium enrichment facility and blends tons of high-enriched uranium into low enriched uranium each year as part of the US high-enriched uranium purchase. The Electrochemical Integrated Plant and six participating national laboratories are cooperating to implement a series of enhancements to the nuclear material protection, control, and accountability systems at the site This paper outlines the overall objectives of the MPC&A program at Urals Electrochemical Integrated Plant and the work completed as of the date of the presentation.

McAllister, S., LLNL

1998-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

420

U.S. Supplemental Gaseous Fuels (Billion Cubic Feet)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1973 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1974 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1975 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1976 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1977 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1978 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1979 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1980 17 16 16 12 11 10 10 10 10 12 14 16 1981 20 17 17 14 13 12 12 12 12 14 15 19 1982 19 16 15 12 9 9 9 9 9 11 13 14 1983 16 12 12 10 8 8 8 10 10 10 13 16 1984 13 10 10 8 7 7 7 8 8 8 11 13 1985 13 9 8 11 11 10 12 12 9 12 9 13 1986 12 11 11 8 8 8 8 8 8 9 10 15

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na na russia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Coking Coal Prices for Industry - EIA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Prices for Industry for Selected Countries1 Prices for Industry for Selected Countries1 U.S. Dollars per Metric Ton2 Country 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Argentina NA NA NA NA NA 37.24 NA NA NA Austria NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Belgium 54.03 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Brazil NA NA NA NA NA 106.77 NA NA NA Canada NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Chile NA NA NA NA NA 69.02 NA NA NA China NA 38.38 41.28 52.20 61.72 NA NA NA NA Chinese Taipei (Taiwan) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Colombia NA NA NA NA NA 33.84 NA NA NA Costa Rica NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Cuba NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Czech Republic 51.37 61.04 C C C C C C C Denmark - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

422

Table 4.4 Crude Oil and Natural Gas Rotary Rigs in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

1954. na: na: na: na: 2,508: 1955. na: na: na: na: 2,686: 1956. na: na: na: na: 2,620: 1957. na: na: na: na: 2,426: 1958. na: na: na: na: 1,922: 1959. ...

423

Federal Acquisition Regulation Clause Usage Guide  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NA NA NA NA A NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA A NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Alternate I NA NA NA NA A NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 52.211-11 Liquidated Damages-Supplies, Services, or Research and Development. A A A A NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 52.211-12 Liquidated Damages-Construction. NA NA NA NA A A NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 52.211-13 Time Extensions. NA NA NA NA A A NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 52.211-14 Notice of Priority Rating for National Defense, Emergency Preparedness, and Energy Program Use. A A A A A A A A NA A A A A 52.211-15 Defense Priority and Allocation Requirements. A A A A A A A A NA A A A A 52.211-16 Variation in R R NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Provision or Clause (Click on clause number to see its text and prescription FP Sup. CR Sup. FP Serv. Cost Serv. FP Cons.

424

Crude Oil and Natural Gas Exploratory and Development Wells  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Wells Drilled (Number) Exploratory and Development NA NA NA NA NA NA 1973-2012 Crude Oil NA NA NA NA NA NA 1973-2012 Natural Gas NA NA NA NA NA NA 1973-2012 Dry Holes NA NA...

425

Missouri Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2007 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2011 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2012 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 2013 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA...

426

Index of /files/ftp/NDB/coordinates/na-deposited  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

deposited deposited Parent Directory adh012.ent.gz adh013.ent.gz adh016.ent.gz adh029.ent.gz adh030.ent.gz adh031.ent.gz adh034.ent.gz adh098.ent.gz arb002.ent.gz arb003.ent.gz arb004.ent.gz arb005.ent.gz bdbp23.ent.gz bdj061.ent.gz bdl018.ent.gz bdl021.ent.gz ddb004.ent.gz ddb005.ent.gz ddb008.ent.gz ddb009.ent.gz ddb011.ent.gz ddb012.ent.gz ddb033.ent.gz ddb034.ent.gz dddb06.ent.gz ddf007.ent.gz ddf031.ent.gz ddf032.ent.gz drb002.ent.gz drb003.ent.gz drb005.ent.gz drb006.ent.gz drb007.ent.gz drb008.ent.gz drb018.ent.gz drbb01.ent.gz drbb09.ent.gz drbb11.ent.gz drbb12.ent.gz drbb13.ent.gz drbb14.ent.gz drbb15.ent.gz drbb16.ent.gz drbb17.ent.gz drbb19.ent.gz drd004.ent.gz gdl001.ent.gz pdb100d.ent.gz pdb101d.ent.gz pdb102d.ent.gz pdb109d.ent.gz pdb10mh.ent.gz pdb110d.ent.gz pdb111d.ent.gz pdb112d.ent.gz pdb113d.ent.gz

427

NA Standards | Valence Geometries | Bond Lengths & Angles - Guanine  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Guanine Guanine ---------------------------------------------------- Bond or Angle Mean (esd, N) Value ---------------------------------------------------- N1-C2 1.373 (0.008, 21) C2-N3 1.323 (0.008, 21) N3-C4 1.350 (0.007, 21) C4-C5 1.379 (0.007, 21) C5-C6 1.419 (0.010, 21) C6-N1 1.391 (0.007, 21) C5-N7 1.388 (0.006, 21) N7-C8 1.305 (0.006, 21) C8-N9 1.374 (0.007, 21) N9-C4 1.375 (0.008, 21) C2-N2 1.341 (0.010, 21) C6-O6 1.237 (0.009, 21) N9-C1' 1.459 (0.009, 21) C6-N1-C2 125.1 (0.6, 21) N1-C2-N3 123.9 (0.6, 21) C2-N3-C4 111.9 (0.5, 21) N3-C4-C5 128.6 (0.5, 21) C4-C5-C6 118.8 (0.6, 21) C5-C6-N1 111.5 (0.5, 21)

428

n e a naReinforced Wner. 7995  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;·· · ·· · ·· ···· ---"The ACeS is a hlghb( versalile modular C(}nstrUc,>an system compnsad of ,sopo~eSle( composite compon

429

22 IEEE Spectrum | August 2004 | NA JONBOWER/ALAMY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, but if history is any guide, it won't be the last. "These kinds of outages are consistent with historical that an outage of the scope seen a year ago should occur, on average, every 35 years. The result was chill- ing, for it had been 38 years since the last cascading outage on the Eastern Interconnection (the transmission

Kammen, Daniel M.

430

NA Standards | Valence Geometries | Bond Lengths & Angles - Uracil  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Uracil Uracil ---------------------------------------------------- Bond or Angle Mean (esd, N) Value ---------------------------------------------------- N1-C2 1.381 (0.009, 46) C2-N3 1.373 (0.007, 46) N3-C4 1.380 (0.009, 46) C4-C5 1.431 (0.009, 46) C5-C6 1.337 (0.009, 46) C6-N1 1.375 (0.009, 46) C2-O2 1.219 (0.009, 46) C4-O4 1.232 (0.008, 46) N1-C1' 1.469 (0.014, 46) C6-N1-C2 121.0 (0.6, 46) N1-C2-N3 114.9 (0.6, 46) C2-N3-C4 127.0 (0.6, 46) N3-C4-C5 114.6 (0.6, 46) C4-C5-C6 119.7 (0.6, 46) C5-C6-N1 122.7 (0.5, 46) N1-C2-O2 122.8 (0.7, 46) N3-C2-O2 122.2 (0.7, 46) N3-C4-O4 119.4 (0.7, 46) C5-C4-O4 125.9 (0.6, 46) C6-N1-C1' 121.2 (1.4, 46) C2-N1-C1' 117.7 (1.2, 46

431

NA Standards | Valence Geometries | Nitrog. Bases Table 1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Table 1: References for Nitrogenous Base Structures Table 1: References for Nitrogenous Base Structures used in Lester Clowney, Shri C. Jain, A. R. Srinivasan, John Westbrook, Wilma K. Olson, and Helen M. Berman. "Geometric Parameters in Nucleic Acids: Nitrogenous Bases. (1996) J. Am. Chem. Soc. 118, 519-529. Cytosine -------------------------------------------------------------------------- CSD ID Compound Reference -------------------------------------------------------------------------- acytid alpha-cytidine Post, M.L., et al. Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 1977, 479, 133 bivvil 2',3'-O-(tetraisopropyl-1,3-disiloxanediyl)-cytidine Hoogendorp J.D and Romers, C Acta Cryst., 1982, B38, 2738 bofwoi 2'-deoxy-2'-fluorocytidine dihydrate Marck, C., et al. J. Mol. Struct., 1982, 82, 77

432

NA Standards | Valence Geometries | Bond Lengths & Angles - Adenine  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Adenine Adenine ---------------------------------------------------- Bond or Angle Mean (esd, N) Value ---------------------------------------------------- N1-C2 1.339 (0.009, 48) C2-N3 1.331 (0.009, 48) N3-C4 1.344 (0.006, 48) C4-C5 1.383 (0.007, 48) C5-C6 1.406 (0.009, 48) C6-N1 1.351 (0.007, 48) C5-N7 1.388 (0.006, 48) N7-C8 1.311 (0.007, 48) C8-N9 1.373 (0.008, 48) N9-C4 1.374 (0.006, 48) C6-N6 1.335 (0.008, 48) N9-C1' 1.462 (0.010, 48) C6-N1-C2 118.6 (0.6, 48) N1-C2-N3 129.3 (0.5, 48) C2-N3-C4 110.6 (0.5, 48) N3-C4-C5 126.8 (0.7, 48) C4-C5-C6 117.0 (0.5, 48) C5-C6-N1 117.7 (0.5, 48) C4-C5-N7 110.7 (0.5, 48) C5-N7-C8 103.9 (0.5, 48)

433

NA Standards | Valence Geometries | Bond Lengths & Angles - Protonated  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Protonated Adenine Protonated Adenine ---------------------------------------------------- Bond or Angle Mean (esd, N) Value ---------------------------------------------------- N1-C2 1.357 (0.009, 15) C2-N3 1.305 (0.008, 15) N3-C4 1.356 (0.006, 15) C4-C5 1.378 (0.008, 15) C5-C6 1.403 (0.007, 15) C6-N1 1.359 (0.007, 15) C5-N7 1.379 (0.005, 15) N7-C8 1.312 (0.008, 15) C8-N9 1.373 (0.009, 15) N9-C4 1.365 (0.007, 15) C6-N6 1.320 (0.008, 15) N9-C1' 1.466 (0.009, 15) C6-N1-C2 123.3 (0.6, 15) N1-C2-N3 125.7 (0.6, 15) C2-N3-C4 111.6 (0.4, 15) N3-C4-C5 127.4 (0.6, 15) C4-C5-C6 117.9 (0.5, 15) C5-C6-N1 114.0 (0.4, 15) C4-C5-N7 111.0 (0.3, 15) C5-N7-C8 103.7 (0.4, 15)

434

NA Standards | Valence Geometries | Bond Lengths & Angles - Thymine  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thymine Thymine ---------------------------------------------------- Bond or Angle Mean (esd, N) Value ---------------------------------------------------- N1-C2 1.376 (0.008, 50) C2-N3 1.373 (0.008, 50) N3-C4 1.382 (0.008, 50) C4-C5 1.445 (0.009, 50) C5-C6 1.339 (0.007, 50) C6-N1 1.378 (0.007, 50) C2-O2 1.220 (0.008, 50) C4-O4 1.228 (0.009, 50) C5-M5 1.496 (0.006, 50) N1-C1' 1.473 (0.014, 50) C6-N1-C2 121.3 (0.5, 50) N1-C2-N3 114.6 (0.6, 50) C2-N3-C4 127.2 (0.6, 50) N3-C4-C5 115.2 (0.6, 50) C4-C5-C6 118.0 (0.6, 50) C5-C6-N1 123.7 (0.6, 50) N1-C2-O2 123.1 (0.8, 50) N3-C2-O2 122.3 (0.6, 50) N3-C4-O4 119.9 (0.6, 50) C5-C4-O4 124.9 (0.7, 50) C4-C5-M5 119.0 (0.6, 50)

435

Index of /files/ftp/NDB/coordinates/na-mmcif  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

mmcif mmcif Parent Directory 100d.cif.gz 101d.cif.gz 102d.cif.gz 109d.cif.gz 10mh.cif.gz 110d.cif.gz 111d.cif.gz 112d.cif.gz 113d.cif.gz 114d.cif.gz 115d.cif.gz 116d.cif.gz 117d.cif.gz 118d.cif.gz 119d.cif.gz 121d.cif.gz 122d.cif.gz 123d.cif.gz 126d.cif.gz 127d.cif.gz 128d.cif.gz 129d.cif.gz 130d.cif.gz 131d.cif.gz 133d.cif.gz 137d.cif.gz 138d.cif.gz 144d.cif.gz 145d.cif.gz 150d.cif.gz 151d.cif.gz 152d.cif.gz 153d.cif.gz 154d.cif.gz 157d.cif.gz 158d.cif.gz 159d.cif.gz 160d.cif.gz 161d.cif.gz 165d.cif.gz 166d.cif.gz 167d.cif.gz 168d.cif.gz 172d.cif.gz 173d.cif.gz 178d.cif.gz 180d.cif.gz 181d.cif.gz 182d.cif.gz 183d.cif.gz 184d.cif.gz 187d.cif.gz 188d.cif.gz 189d.cif.gz 190d.cif.gz 191d.cif.gz 192d.cif.gz 194d.cif.gz 195d.cif.gz 196d.cif.gz 197d.cif.gz 198d.cif.gz 1a02.cif.gz 1a0a.cif.gz 1a1f.cif.gz 1a1g.cif.gz 1a1h.cif.gz

436

NA Standards | Valence Geometries | Bond Lengths & Angles - Protonated  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Protonated Cytosine Protonated Cytosine ---------------------------------------------------- Bond or Angle Mean (esd, N) Value ---------------------------------------------------- N1-C2 1.381 (0.007, 17) C2-N3 1.384 (0.007, 17) N3-C4 1.353 (0.006, 17) C4-C5 1.413 (0.005, 17) C5-C6 1.346 (0.006, 17) C6-N1 1.365 (0.007, 17) C2-O2 1.212 (0.006, 17) C4-N4 1.315 (0.007, 17) N1-C1' 1.483 (0.015, 17) C6-N1-C2 121.7 (0.5, 17) N1-C2-N3 114.7 (0.7, 17) C2-N3-C4 125.3 (0.7, 17) N3-C4-C5 117.6 (0.5, 17) C4-C5-C6 118.4 (0.5, 17) C5-C6-N1 122.2 (0.5, 17) N1-C2-O2 123.4 (0.7, 17) N3-C2-O2 121.9 (0.5, 17) N3-C4-N4 119.5 (0.7, 17) C5-C4-N4 123.0 (0.8, 17) C6-N1-C1' 121.2 (0.9, 17) C2-N1-C1' 116.9 (1.0, 17

437

Index of /files/ftp/NDB/coordinates/na-obsolete  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

obsolete obsolete Parent Directory pdb1apg.ent.gz pdb1ber.ent.gz pdb1c4j.ent.gz pdb1c59.ent.gz pdb1c9r.ent.gz pdb1cf6.ent.gz pdb1ck5.ent.gz pdb1ck8.ent.gz pdb1cn8.ent.gz pdb1cn9.ent.gz pdb1cqb.ent.gz pdb1db7.ent.gz pdb1db8.ent.gz pdb1db9.ent.gz pdb1dbc.ent.gz pdb1dj4.ent.gz pdb1dzs.ent.gz pdb1e6t.ent.gz pdb1e7x.ent.gz pdb1ekc.ent.gz pdb1eor.ent.gz pdb1f3i.ent.gz pdb1fjf.ent.gz pdb1gkv.ent.gz pdb1gkw.ent.gz pdb1gpg.ent.gz pdb1h8j.ent.gz pdb1hdw.ent.gz pdb1he0.ent.gz pdb1he6.ent.gz pdb1hmi.ent.gz pdb1hp6.ent.gz pdb1jjm.ent.gz pdb1jjn.ent.gz pdb1k00.ent.gz pdb1k71.ent.gz pdb1kc9.ent.gz pdb1kpj.ent.gz pdb1kuo.ent.gz pdb1l1a.ent.gz pdb1lnr.ent.gz pdb1lrd.ent.gz pdb1mur.ent.gz pdb1mv7.ent.gz pdb1n6s.ent.gz pdb1nle.ent.gz pdb1nyz.ent.gz pdb1pm0.ent.gz pdb1pm8.ent.gz pdb1r9r.ent.gz pdb1rrt.ent.gz pdb1rv2.ent.gz

438

Index of /files/ftp/NDB/coordinates/na-nmr-mmcif  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

nmr-mmcif nmr-mmcif Parent Directory 103d.cif.gz 104d.cif.gz 105d.cif.gz 106d.cif.gz 107d.cif.gz 108d.cif.gz 124d.cif.gz 132d.cif.gz 134d.cif.gz 135d.cif.gz 136d.cif.gz 139d.cif.gz 140d.cif.gz 141d.cif.gz 142d.cif.gz 143d.cif.gz 146d.cif.gz 148d.cif.gz 149d.cif.gz 156d.cif.gz 169d.cif.gz 170d.cif.gz 171d.cif.gz 175d.cif.gz 176d.cif.gz 177d.cif.gz 179d.cif.gz 17ra.cif.gz 185d.cif.gz 186d.cif.gz 193d.cif.gz 199d.cif.gz 1a1t.cif.gz 1a3m.cif.gz 1a4d.cif.gz 1a4t.cif.gz 1a51.cif.gz 1a60.cif.gz 1a66.cif.gz 1a6b.cif.gz 1a6h.cif.gz 1a83.cif.gz 1a84.cif.gz 1a8n.cif.gz 1a8w.cif.gz 1a9g.cif.gz 1a9h.cif.gz 1a9i.cif.gz 1a9j.cif.gz 1a9l.cif.gz 1ac3.cif.gz 1ac7.cif.gz 1ac9.cif.gz 1af1.cif.gz 1aff.cif.gz 1afx.cif.gz 1afz.cif.gz 1ag3.cif.gz 1ag5.cif.gz 1agh.cif.gz 1agk.cif.gz 1ago.cif.gz 1agu.cif.gz 1agz.cif.gz 1ahd.cif.gz 1ajf.cif.gz

439

DE. GM05-NA25851 MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING BETWEEN ARMSTRONG...  

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AEOC), in the event the on-site Pantex EOC is unavailable or uninhabitable to Emergency Response Organization (ERO) staff during an emergency at the Pantex Plant. C. AUTHORITY....

440

DE-GM51-05NA25846  

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and cognizant State agencies have specific responsibilities for emergency planning and response. Joint emergency planning under this Agreement and the Grant should be consistent...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na na russia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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441

Technical Repair Guide for Rotork Valve Actuators "NA" Range Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This guide provides comprehensive technical information on Rotork valve actuator operation, maintenance, testing, and troubleshooting. Its design provides the user with a uniform methodology to reduce human errors and increase actuator reliability.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

442

Incerteza na medição das características acústicas dos materiais.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Seja em aeronaves, automóveis ou ambiente de trabalho, uma das principais ferramentas para o controle de ruído são os materiais de absorção sonora. O estudo… (more)

Peter Klitzke Giesbrecht

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

5. Neutralization and Trapping of a Na Ion Beam  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- Zn2+ 3EW8 1.80 M344 D101L Zn2+ 3EWF 2.50 Substrate H143A Zn2+ 3EZP 2.65 M344 D101N Zn2+ 3EZT 2.85 M

Groningen, Rijksuniversiteit

444

DE-GM54-09NA29279  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy INa tiona I Nuclear Security Administration (hereinafter called "DOEINNSA" or "Pantex"). I. INTRODUCTION A. BACKGROUND - Both parties have a mutual interest and...

445

LICEN?NA POGODBA ZA REŠITEV BLACKBERRY ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... "Strojna oprema tretje osebe" pomeni prenosne izdelke, ra?unalnik, opremo, zunanje naprave in katerokoli drugo strojno opremo, ki ni izdelek RIM. ...

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

446

The effects of financial controls of activity operations ; NA .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The Quadrennial Defense Review underscored the importance of reevaluating the operation of the Department of Defense. The Department of the Navy Organization Management and Infrastructure… (more)

Alexander, Maureen.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z