Sample records for na chinese taipei

  1. TPE-CMS: A Comfort Measuring System for Public Bus Service in Taipei City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Ling-Jyh

    TPE-CMS: A Comfort Measuring System for Public Bus Service in Taipei City Cheng-Yu Lin and Ling Measuring System (CMS) for public transportation systems in Taipei city, called TPE-CMS. TPE-CMS exploits the GPS and G-sensor of modern smart phones to measure the comfort level of vehicle rides. Then, it mashes

  2. The Green Building Scheme for a Sustainable Eco-City in Taipei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, S.; Chen, Z.; Clements-Croome, D.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Taipei City has put a significant effort toward the implementation of green design and green building schemes towards a sustainable eco-city. Although some of the environmental indicators have not indicated significant progress in environmental...

  3. Chinese Renewable Energy Society CRES formerly Chinese Solar...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    CRES formerly Chinese Solar Energy Society Jump to: navigation, search Name: Chinese Renewable Energy Society (CRES) (formerly Chinese Solar Energy Society) Place: Beijing, Beijing...

  4. 1Osmar R. Zaane & Andrew Foss Taipei, May 6th 2002Pacific-Asia Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining Data Clustering Analysis, from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaiane, Osmar R.

    and Data Mining Data Clustering Analysis, from simple groupings to scalable clustering with constraints Dr & Andrew Foss Taipei, May 6th 2002Pacific-Asia Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining Objectives and Data Mining Data Clustering Outline · What is cluster analysis and what do we use it for? ­ Motivation

  5. Dislocation focus construction in Chinese

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheung, Lawrence Yam-Leung

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of dislocation focus construction in Cantonese. MA thesis,London. Dislocation focus construction in Chinese Leung,SP Dislocation focus construction in Chinese (a) (b) (c) (

  6. Japanese and Chinese Books

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banbara, Mutsunori

    . In 1999, Kobe Digital Library was launched. It provides digitized collections for users both on and offLibrary Japanese and Chinese Books Foreign Books Total General Library, Library for Intercultual Studies 382,808 147,835 530,643 Library for Social Sciences 630,658 701,215 1,331,873 Library for Science

  7. Midwest Area Chinese American Resources Guide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chinese American Librarians Association - Midwest Chapter; Wu, Pei-ling; McElroy, Anna; Chang, Ling-li; Sanders, R. Bruce; Lin, Shao-Chen

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of ethnic Chinese from South East Asia. Generally speaking, since 1910, there has been a steady increase of the Chinese population in Chicago, regardless of the decrease of Chinese population coming into this country. Chinese Settlements in St. Louis... and began to settle in St. Louis and the other Midwestern cities in 1869. A majority of these Chinese became cigar makers. In 1874, White unionized cigar makers in San Francisco called on the proprietors of stores to boycott Chinese-made cigars...

  8. Chinese Business Practices and Culture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    MGMT228 Chinese Business Practices and Culture School of Business and Economics 2014business Costs and food while in Hangzhou but there are other costs to consider also: Airfares approx. $1,800.00 Chinese: · Group project during orientation week at UC (35%) · Reflective learning journals while in China (30

  9. Chinese Passives: Transformational or Lexical?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Jiuwu; Wen, Xiaohong

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There are two types of passive constructions in Chinese. Type I is a syntactic passive since it is derived through a transformational rule. Type II is a lexical passive. It has certain properties in common with the predicate ...

  10. Anti-Chinese Sentiment in Russia: Threats of "Chinese Invasion" or Fears of Russian Xenophobia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Du, Ruoxi

    2014-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

    titled “Chinese Garden” (Kitaiskii ogorod), which was written by an independent LiveJournal blogger Ilya Varlamov. The blog post documented the conditions of a Chinese ogorod in the Chelyabinsk oblast with first-hand photographs and short descriptions... the Chinese workers thus be seen and portrayed as invaders? The Chelyabinsk oblast’s agricultural sector has employed approximately 2500 Chinese workers, and the volume of fruits produced by Chinese in the Southern Urals is one of highest in Russia...

  11. The Emerging Chinese economy & its Global Impacts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    The Emerging Chinese economy & its Global Impacts Department of Geography & IDS University of Sussex 5 February: The Emerging Chinese Economy & its Global Impacts + Decoding the Harmonious Socialist of Leicester 19 February: Global Production Network & the Chinese Economy Prof. John Humphrey, IDS 26 February

  12. An Advanced Reader in Chinese History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wan, Grace; Johnson, Wallace

    1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ?1. ??zh ò n g?????? 2. ???????? 64 ???suí sh?n?????????? 65 ??g?ng??????????? 66 ??s h ???? 67 ???l i ù chù?????????????? 68 ??g ?????????????? ???w ? g ????????????d à o????????j ì ????sh??? 69 ??y ù ?????1.?? 2. ?? ? ???y ù jià n..., and the first that a student should learn to use. A valuable introduction to its use is Grace Wan's A Guide to the Gwoyeu tsyrdean (Taipei: Ch'eng-wen Book Co., 1971). Some of the lessons use simplified characters. The standard forms of these characters...

  13. Project Management Plan Chinese Food

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Igusa, Kiyoshi

    impact of this project? · Data management: How do we collect, preserve and sort all of the files? Which special equipment, facilities needed or wanted? According to http://project-management-knowledge.com/ weProject Management Plan Chinese Food According to NSF, the basic elements of a project management

  14. Opera in Chinese Visual Culture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Butler, Laurie J.

    PERFORMING IMAGES Opera in Chinese Visual Culture SPRING 2014 ISSUE 3 VOLUME 2 AT THE SMART WINTER/ #12;The Smart Museum of Art at the University of Chicago opens the world through art and ideas this makes it wonderful to live in the city, it also imposes a responsibility that each

  15. The ABCs of Chinese Pop: Wang Leehom and the Marketing of a Global Chinese Celebrity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Grace

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    s immense stardom and fandom in Chinese-speaking marketsfame, critical acclaim, fandom, and celebrity that is nearly

  16. Processing Chinese relative clauses in context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibson, Edward A.

    This paper presents a self-paced reading experiment comparing the processing of subject-extracted relative clauses (SRCs) and object-extracted relative clauses (ORCs) in supportive contexts in Chinese. It is argued that ...

  17. Margaret Kowalski Economics and Chinese Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrews, Peter B.

    of Chinese "Checkbook Diplomacy" on Oil Production in Angola, Nigeria, and Sudan China's economic boom and incredible increase in energy consumption have recently the market in Angola, Nigeria, and Sudan. Many Western companies are concerned

  18. Immigrant Chinese Medicine: Impact on Western Medicine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woo, Kiho

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    JA: Chinese herbal medicines revisited: a Hong KongAnnals of Internal Medicine 1992;117:165-166 5. But PP:Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene 1994;97:371-374 6.

  19. Value creation through modernizing Chinese medicine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Lizhe

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    My first hypothesis in this thesis is that there is significant value vested in traditional Chinese medicine that can be captured by converting them into ethical drugs through scientific analysis, screening and validation. ...

  20. Fast food in a Chinese provincial city: a comparative analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Haiying

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    More than a decade ago American fast food entered the Chinese market. Since then the number of fast food and organized chain restaurants in China has multiplied. Chinese consumers, especially those who live in large urban ...

  1. Comparison of Two Ventilation Systems in a Chinese Commercial Kitchen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wan, X.; Yu, L.; Hou, H.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A numerical simulation of an indoor thermal environment in a Chinese commercial kitchen has been carried out using indoor zero-equation turbulence model. Two different ventilation systems in a Chinese commercial kitchen have been simulated...

  2. Does Ethnicity Pay? Evidence from Overseas Chinese FDI in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Yasheng

    Most of the economic analyses of the overseas Chinese network focus on trade and investment flows at the country level. In this paper, we analyze the effects of the ethnic Chinese network at the firm level. Contrary to the ...

  3. aerobic chinese hamster: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    backscatter coefficient quantitative estimates from Chinese hamster ovary cell pellet biophantoms Engineering Websites Summary: Ultrasonic backscatter coefficient...

  4. The alternative of Chinese aid in Africa : impacts of China's development strategy through Chinese aid, finance, and firms in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mullin, Deborah Wei

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines the differences of Chinese and Western aid implementation and its effects in Africa though the case study of Chinese aid and finance for road development in Kenya. Today, Kenya receives tangible benefits ...

  5. ECON S180 1 (30151) Introduction to Chinese Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ECON S180 1 (30151) Introduction to Chinese Economy July 8th - August 9th Yale Summer Session 2013 This course is designed to provide students with an intensive overview of the Chinese economy with focus. Over three decades, the Chinese economy undergone a rapid economic transformation at an unprecedented

  6. NYU's Chinese ACE 2005 EDR System Description Can Global Re-Ranking and Semantic Role Labeling help Chinese EDR?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NYU's Chinese ACE 2005 EDR System Description Can Global Re-Ranking and Semantic Role Labeling help Chinese EDR? Heng Ji Adam Meyers Ralph Grishman Proteus Project Department of Computer Science New York the overall architecture of the NYU Chinese ACE 2005 EDR (Entity Detection and Recognition) system, focussing

  7. THE CHINESE WALL LATTICE Ravi Sandhu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    of interest class #12;4 CHINESE WALL EXAMPLE BANKS OIL COMPANIESBANKS OIL COMPANIES A B X Y #12;5 READ ACCESS A Bank B Oil Company X Oil Company XOil Company X Oil Company X · cooperating Trojan Horses can transfer Bank A information to Bank B objects, and vice versa, using Oil Company X objects as intermediaries #12

  8. Self-organizing criticality among Chinese cities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Shujuan

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    levels, the Chinese cities present the characteristics of SOC. Given a stable condition of power law, shifts occur in the inside dynamics of China's urban system and Shenzhen city. This study is one of the few empirical urban studies based on SOC...

  9. Chinese Canadian Research Collection / Edgar Wickberg (collector)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Handy, Todd C.

    Chinese Canadian Research Collection / Edgar Wickberg (collector) Compiled by Christopher Hives Canadian Research Collection / Edgar Wickberg (collector). ­ 1885-1979, 1984-1996. 7.53 m of textual of Research projects undertaken by three UBC professors, Edgar Wickberg (History), Graham Johnson

  10. The Environmental Impacts of Electric Bikes in Chinese Cities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cherry, Christopher; Weinert, Jonathan; Ma, Chaktan

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wang (2005). Environmental Impacts and Benefits of Regionalincludes energy and environmental impacts due to the miningThe Environmental Impacts of E-bikes in Chinese Cities

  11. 21F.101 Chinese I (Regular), Fall 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wheatley, Julian K.

    Introduction to modern standard Chinese (Mandarin) with emphasis on developing conversational skills by using fundamental grammatical patterns and vocabulary in functional and cultural suitable contexts. Basic reading and ...

  12. Research Centre for Sustainable Development (RCSD), Chinese Academy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Research Centre for Sustainable Development (RCSD), Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) Place: China Coordinates: 35.86166, 104.195397 Loading map......

  13. A comparison of Chinese traditional and Western medical approaches for the treatment of mild hypertension.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, N. D.; Ming, S.; Zhou, H. Y.; Black, H. R.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the treatment of hypertension with Chinese herbal andVS. WESTERN TREATMENT OF HYPERTENSION TABLE 5 Multivariablep 11 3. Xu CC: Essential hypertension. In: Chinese Medicine.

  14. Developing country FDI and development: the case of the Chinese

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheldon, Nathan D.

    's early investment in the Sudan by the Chinese National Oil Corporation (CNPC) and the consequent cascade * This paper examines the development implications of Chinese investment in the Sudan to enable a better understanding of the impact of foreign direct investment (FDI) from developing countries. By examining China

  15. Chinese Science Bulletin 2009 SCIENCE IN CHINA PRESS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bao, Xinhe

    Chinese Science Bulletin © 2009 SCIENCE IN CHINA PRESS Springer Fabrication of metal nanoclusters, China; 2 Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China Monolayer graphene fabricated on the surface. graphene, STM, Ru(0001), Pt nanoclusters Carbon presents various allotropes

  16. Improved quantification of Chinese carbon fluxes using CO2//CO correlations in Asian outflow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palmer, Paul

    increases in Chinese anthropogenic CO2 emissions and would also imply a further reduction of the Chinese budget including, in particular, Chinese emissions. The CO2/CO emission ratio varies with the sourceImproved quantification of Chinese carbon fluxes using CO2//CO correlations in Asian outflow

  17. Strategy for international cooperation in planning the Chinese Space Station

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foley, Jordan J. (Jordan James)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    After ten years of planning and pre-development, the Chinese government approved the space station project on September 25, 2010. In October 2010, the People's Republic of China (PRC) officially announced its independent ...

  18. Micro-bioreactor design for Chinese hamster ovary cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goh, Shireen

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The research objective is to design a micro-bioreactor for the culture of Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells. There is an increasing demand for upstream development in high-throughput micro-bioreactors specifically for the ...

  19. 21F.107 Chinese I (Streamlined), Fall 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Tong

    Designed for students who already speak some basic Chinese but who have no, or very little reading and writing ability. Focuses on standard pronunciation and usage, on reading both in full form and simplified characters, ...

  20. Modernity of Chinese urban neighborhoods : toward new spatial forms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yi, Qian, 1973-

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There is always a general dilemma about how to balance technology and humanity in urban neighborhood development. Modem technology creates many new spatial forms for Chinese urban neighborhoods, but it also destroys many ...

  1. The syntax and processing of relative clauses in Mandarin Chinese

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsiao, Franny Pai-Fang, 1975-

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis investigates relative clauses (henceforth RCs) in Mandarin Chinese as spoken in Taiwan from both syntactic and processing perspectives. I also explore the interaction between these two areas, for example, how ...

  2. 21F.102 / 21F.152 Chinese II, Spring 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wheatley, Julian K.

    This subject is the second semester of two that form an introduction to modern standard Chinese, commonly called Mandarin. Though not everyone taking this course will be an absolute beginner, the course presupposes only ...

  3. 148 Chemistry/Chinese Chemistry 347 (3)--Advanced Organic Chemistry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dresden, Gregory

    148 Chemistry/Chinese Chemistry 347 (3)--Advanced Organic Chemistry Prerequisite: Chemistry 242,syntheticmethodology,mod- ernsyntheticreactions,protectinggroups,naturalprod- uctssynthesis,andcombinatorialchemistry.France. Spring Chemistry 350 (3)--Advanced Inorganic Chemistry Prerequisites: Chemistry 250, 252, and 262. Anintro

  4. Cost Studies of Borrowing & Subscriptions:Chinese Dissertations Theses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doll, Vickie; Bolick, Hsi-chu

    2013-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

    cost data used for the ILL study were October 2012 Chinese Japanese and Korean (CJK) language monographs borrowing costs of the University of Kansas (KU). The elements of cost studied include the cost charged by suppliers, staff handling, equipment...

  5. Communicating with Americans: Chinese International Students' Experiences and Perceptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wakefield, Cooper Smith

    2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Chinese international students are the fastest growing group of internationals nationwide and in the state of Kansas (see: Open Doors Data, 2012; & University of Kansas ISSS, 2012). This research investigates the interaction ...

  6. The Environmental Impacts of Electric Bikes in Chinese Cities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cherry, Christopher; Weinert, Jonathan; Ma, Chaktan

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    particularly emissions from primarily coal power plants andis 98% coal power and 2% hydro power. Using the emissionEmission Factors of Chinese Power Plants (Energy Foundation China 2005) Most of China’s electricity is generated by coal

  7. A Comparison in Chinese Inter-generational Saving

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, David

    2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    strong motivation for precautionary saving, as these individuals are the most vulnerable to sudden changes in the Chinese economy. In essence, the ideal social welfare policies would be ones where groups who have more trouble adjusting to sudden shocks...

  8. The Acculturation of Chinese-American Adolescents in Negotiating Autonomy and Connectedness: Comparison between Chinese- and European-Americans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Tzu-Fen

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    with the dominant culture to show similar desires of being autonomous as European-American adolescents. However, Chinese-American mothers adopted more authoritarian, conservative, and inflexible parenting styles than European-American mothers. With regard...

  9. Report from NA49

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katarzyna Grebieszkow; for the NA49 Collaboration

    2011-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The signatures of the onset of deconfinement, found by the NA49 experiment at low SPS energies, are confronted with new results from the Beam Energy Scan (BES) program at BNL RHIC and CERN LHC results. Additionally, new NA49 results on chemical (particle ratio) fluctuations, azimuthal angle fluctuations, intermittency of di-pions, etc. are presented.

  10. Looking In, Looking Out: The Chinese-Caribbean Diaspora through Literature—Meiling Jin, Patricia Powell, Jan Lowe Shinebourne

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Misrahi-Barak, Judith

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wilson, The Chinese in the Caribbean (Princeton, NJ: MarkusEntrepreneurship in the Caribbean: Culture, Structure,Out: The Chinese-Caribbean Diaspora through Literature—

  11. 21F.044 Traditional Chinese Literature: Poetry, Fiction, and Drama, Spring 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faculty, Foreign Languages and Literatures Department

    This course is an introduction to some of the major genres of traditional Chinese poetry, fiction, and drama. Intended to give students a basic understanding of the central features of traditional Chinese literary genres, ...

  12. 21F.044 Traditional Chinese Literature: Poetry, Fiction and Drama, Fall 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anonymous

    Introduction to some of the major genres of traditional Chinese poetry, fiction, and drama. Intended to give students a basic understanding of the central features of traditional Chinese literary genres, as well as to ...

  13. An online system for entering and annotating non-native Mandarin Chinese speech for language teaching

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hawksley, Andrea Johanna

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis describes the design and implementation of an intuitive online system for the annotation of non-native Mandarin Chinese speech by native Chinese speakers. This system will allow speech recognition researchers ...

  14. Journey to the East : the re(make) of Chinese animation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, He, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis attempts to look at how Chinese animation cinema has evolved over the years and how the Chinese nation is being constructed and contested through animation filmic texts and animation filmmaking practices as ...

  15. Inside the circle, outside the square : analysis of traditional Chinese architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang Sing, Pamela Grace

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis deals with a process of analyzing specific examples in traditional Chinese architecture in an attempt to understand and identify the underlying principles that make it essentially Chinese. The basic intent is ...

  16. DOE and Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology Co-Host First...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    DOE and Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology Co-Host First Ever Electric Vehicle Forum DOE and Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology Co-Host First Ever Electric Vehicle...

  17. How to transition Chinese firms into world-class corporations : organizational and cultural innovations are key

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Zhongyao (Zhongyao Charls)

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Entering the 21st Century, after almost 30 years development of the Chinese economy, several famous Chinese firms have grown to a significant scale and achieved the rudiments of world-class corporations. Following Japanese ...

  18. Structure of Chinese Herbal-based Medicine Captured by ATP on...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Structure of Chinese Herbal-based Medicine Captured by ATP on a Human tRNA Synthetase Thursday, October 31, 2013 For thousands of years the Chinese have been using the Chang Shan...

  19. IS THE DRAGON LEARNING TO FLY? AN ANALYSIS OF THE CHINESE PATENT EXPLOSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldschmidt, Christina

    IS THE DRAGON LEARNING TO FLY? AN ANALYSIS OF THE CHINESE PATENT EXPLOSION Markus EBERHARDT of the recent explosion of patent filings by Chinese firms both in China and the United States. We construct a firm-level dataset by matching USPTO and SIPO patents to Chinese manufacturing census data

  20. Outlook and Challenges for Chinese Coal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aden, Nathaniel T.; Fridley, David G.; Zheng, Nina

    2008-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

    China has been, is, and will continue to be a coal-powered economy. The rapid growth of coal demand since 2001 has created deepening strains and bottlenecks that raise questions about supply security. Although China's coal is 'plentiful,' published academic and policy analyses indicate that peak production will likely occur between 2016 and 2029. Given the current economic growth trajectory, domestic production constraints will lead to a coal gap that is not likely to be filled with imports. Urbanization, heavy industry growth, and increasing per-capita consumption are the primary drivers of rising coal usage. In 2006, the power sector, iron and steel, and cement accounted for 71% of coal consumption. Power generation is becoming more efficient, but even extensive roll-out of the highest efficiency units could save only 14% of projected 2025 coal demand. If China follows Japan, steel production would peak by 2015; cement is likely to follow a similar trajectory. A fourth wedge of future coal consumption is likely to come from the burgeoning coal-liquefaction and chemicals industries. New demand from coal-to-liquids and coal-to-chemicals may add 450 million tonnes of coal demand by 2025. Efficient growth among these drivers indicates that China's annual coal demand will reach 4.2 to 4.7 billion tonnes by 2025. Central government support for nuclear and renewable energy has not been able to reduce China's growing dependence on coal for primary energy. Few substitution options exist: offsetting one year of recent coal demand growth would require over 107 billion cubic meters of natural gas, 48 GW of nuclear, or 86 GW of hydropower capacity. While these alternatives will continue to grow, the scale of development using existing technologies will be insufficient to substitute significant coal demand before 2025. The central role of heavy industry in GDP growth and the difficulty of substituting other fuels suggest that coal consumption is inextricably entwined with China's economy in its current mode of growth. Ongoing dependence on coal reduces China's ability to mitigate carbon dioxide emissions growth. If coal demand remains on its current growth path, carbon dioxide emissions from coal combustion alone would exceed total US energy-related carbon emissions by 2010. Broadening awareness of the environmental costs of coal mining, transport, and combustion is raising the pressure on Chinese policy makers to find alternative energy sources. Within China's coal-dominated energy system, domestic transportation has emerged as the largest bottleneck for coal industry growth and is likely to remain a constraint to further expansion. China is short of high-quality reserves, but is producing its best coal first. Declining quality will further strain production and transport. Transporting coal to users has overloaded the train system and dramatically increased truck use, raising transport oil demand. Growing international imports have helped to offset domestic transport bottlenecks. In the long term, import demand is likely to exceed 200 mt by 2025, significantly impacting regional markets. The looming coal gap threatens to derail China's growth path, possibly undermining political, economic, and social stability. High coal prices and domestic shortages will have regional and global effects. Regarding China's role as a global manufacturing center, a domestic coal gap will increase prices and constrain growth. Within the Asia-Pacific region, China's coal gap is likely to bring about increased competition with other coal-importing countries including Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, and India. As with petroleum, China may respond with a government-supported 'going-out' strategy of resource acquisition and vertical integration. Given its population and growing resource constraints, China may favor energy security, competitiveness, and local environmental protection over global climate change mitigation. The possibility of a large coal gap suggests that Chinese and international policy makers should maximize institutional and financial support

  1. Selected Translated Abstracts of Chinese-Language Climate Change Publications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cushman, R.M.; Burtis, M.D.

    1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains English-translated abstracts of important Chinese-language literature concerning global climate change for the years 1995-1998. This body of literature includes the topics of adaptation, ancient climate change, climate variation, the East Asia monsoon, historical climate change, impacts, modeling, and radiation and trace-gas emissions. In addition to the biological citations and abstracts translated into English, this report presents the original citations and abstracts in Chinese. Author and title indexes are included to assist the reader in locating abstracts of particular interest.

  2. THE CHINESE UNIVERSITY OF HONG KONG Department of Information Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianwei

    Building The Chinese University of Hong Kong Abstract The purpose of this presentation is to introduce homology. The notions of simplicial complex and Betti numbers will first be introduced. Then, two particular simplicial complex, namely the Rips and Cech complexes will be presented. Their use in addressing

  3. Clean Energy Solutions Center Services (Chinese Translation) (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the Chinese language translation of the Clean Energy Solutions Center (Solutions Center) fact sheet. The Solutions Center helps governments, advisors and analysts create policies and programs that advance the deployment of clean energy technologies. The Solutions Center partners with international organizations to provide online training, expert assistance, and technical resources on clean energy policy.

  4. North-America Chinese Entrepreneur Association 22001111 NNAACCEEAA AAnnnnuuaall CCoonnffeerreennccee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Xiaodong

    Hall Room 260, Weston Hall 1:50 ­ 3:50 Session 1: Outlook in Global Green Energy, Biotech-America Chinese Entrepreneur Association (NACEA) is proud to present the 2011 annual conference, themed Innovation Annual Conference aims to help all current and potential entrepreneurs gain insights, exhange ideas, find

  5. Chinese Workers: Under Threat or a Threat to American Workers?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harper Ho, Virginia E.; Zhang, Lu

    2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . At the same time, some employers have found ways to avoid following the spirit, if not the letter of the laws. The consequences for American workers are unclear, since their challenges are less about a direct threat from Chinese workers and more about...

  6. Chinese Journal of Electronics Vol.20, No.2, Apr. 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pompili, Dario

    and emitting more greenhouse gases. A significant portion of typical data centers energy consumption can efficiency, cooling energy consumption is still a signif- icant portion of the total data center energyChinese Journal of Electronics Vol.20, No.2, Apr. 2011 Data Center Local Thermal Management Based

  7. Compartmented Secret Sharing Based on the Chinese Remainder Theorem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Compartmented Secret Sharing Based on the Chinese Remainder Theorem Sorin Iftene Faculty of Computer Science "Al. I. Cuza" University Ia¸si, Romania siftene@infoiasi.ro Abstract A secret sharing scheme starts with a secret and then derives from it certain shares (or shadows) which are distributed

  8. Use of Chinese medicine correlates negatively with the consumption of conventional medicine and medical cost in patients with uterine fibroids: a population-based retrospective cohort study in Taiwan.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Su, SY; Muo, CH; Morisky, DE

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Department of Chinese Medicine, China Medical University2 School of Post-baccalaureate Chinese Medicine, Collegeof Chinese Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung

  9. Chinese Energy Generation Enterprise, Law Department. (Ref.:QDLA04) This firm is the biggest Chinese company in EPC, BOT and BOO construction and development of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , gas, oil, solar wind and biomass. The company designs, engineers, procures for, constructs Chinese company in EPC, BOT and BOO construction and development of power plants including nuclear, coal of the largest companies globally in terms of international revenue. It is a Chinese state owned corporation

  10. Results from NA49

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Hoehne

    2005-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    An overview of results from the CERN experiment NA49 is presented with emphasis on most recent measurements. NA49 has systematically studied the dependence of hadron production on energy and system size or centrality. At top-SPS energy the detailed investigation of hadron production, now also extending to elliptic flow of Lambda-baryons and to identified particle yields at high p_t, shows that the created matter behaves in a similar manner as at RHIC energies. In the lower SPS energy range a distinct structure is observed in the energy dependence of the rate of strangeness production and in the slopes of p_t-spectra suggesting the onset of the creation of a deconfined phase of matter.

  11. Comparison of Two Ventilation Systems in a Chinese Commercial Kitchen 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wan, X.; Yu, L.; Hou, H.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ICEBO2006, Shenzhen, China HVAC Technologies for Energy Efficiency, Vol. IV-7-4 Comparison of Two Ventilation Systems in a Chinese Commercial Kitchen Xiongfeng Wan Likui Yu Huabo Hou Master Associate professor Master... viscosity; ? represents thermal expansion coefficient of air; T0 represents temperature of a reference point; T represents temperature; i represents gravity acceleration in i-direction. And the effective viscosity, eff? , equals the sum...

  12. Chinese strategic weapons and the plutonium option (U)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lewis, John W.; Xui Litai

    1988-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In their article "Chinese Strategic Weapons and the Plutonium Option," John W. Lewis and Xue Litai of the Center for International Security and Arms Control at Stanford University's International Strategic Institute present an unclassified look at plutonium processing in the PRC. The article draws heavily on unclassified PRC sources for its short look at this important subject. Interested readers will find more detailed information in the recently available works referenced in the article.

  13. Nanyang Chinese National Salvation Movement, 1937-1941

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akashi, Yoji

    1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . The period between July, 1937, and October, 1938, can be called the first stage. During these months, the National Salvation Movement was never centrally directed. It was 13 directed by local leaders in various countries who showed no inclina tion... eradication, and boycott ac tivities of its affiliated organizations.30 The Colonial police authorities had become increasingly sensitive to the rise of Communist influence in the National Salvation Movement. They arrested some members of the Chinese...

  14. The Expansion of Chinese Construction Companies in the Global Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lan, Yi

    2010-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Construction Engineering Corporation (Low and Jiang, 2003). For the involvement of specialized fields in the construction industry, most Chinese construction firms focused on general building projects in overseas market. A few firms, with their specialized... background in China, executed other specialized projects. For example, apart from general building projects, China Civil Engineering Construction Corporation (formerly under the administration of the Ministry of Railway, China) had engaged in transportation...

  15. The design and implementation of the courseware for a chinese tutoring machine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsang, Sung-Hang

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the courseware for the Chinese Tutoring )4achine and how students are guided to learn conversational Chinese. Two lessons for the Chinese Tutoring (aachine were implemented in the prototype system described in Cheng (1984). Feedback from the students who... is basically a derivative of the mastery learning strategy (Johnson, 1981). According to the mastery learning strategy, students are tested for their mastery of the subject material and the teaching method may vary until mastery is achieved. New lesson...

  16. 21F.101 / 21F.151 Chinese I (Regular), Spring 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wheatley, Julian K.

    Introduction to modern standard Chinese (Mandarin) with emphasis on developing conversational skills by using fundamental grammatical patterns and vocabulary in functional and cultural suitable contexts. Basic reading and ...

  17. Chinese supercomputer stays No. 1, Titan at ORNL still No. 2...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Chinese supercomputer stays No. 1, Titan at ORNL still No. 2 November 18, 2014 For the fourth consecutive time, Tianhe-2, a supercomputer developed by China's National University...

  18. PER ASLAK MYKLAND INVITED PRESENTATIONS SINCE 1997

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mykland, Per A.

    conference, San Diego (January 1997) Chicago Statistical Association (February 1997) U.C. Berkeley Statistics International Statistical Symposium, Taipei (August 1998) International Chinese Statistical AssociationPER ASLAK MYKLAND INVITED PRESENTATIONS SINCE 1997 December 2011 American Mathematical Society

  19. Incorporating Undesirable Outputs into Malmquist TFP Index: Environmental Performance Growth of Chinese Coal-Fired Power Plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Hongliang; Pollitt, Michael G.

    potential remains with regards to the efficiency improvement and emissions control in Chinese coal-fired power plants....

  20. Chinese Trade Reforms, Market Access and Foreign Competition: the Patterns of French Exporters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Chinese Trade Reforms, Market Access and Foreign Competition: the Patterns of French Exporters on firms' export patterns: (i) ex- pansion of export opportunities for foreign firms exporting exports react to an exogenous variation in Chinese import tariff cuts relative to tariff changes in other

  1. How to Manage the Chinese Coal Value Chain by Kevin Jianjun Tu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    at the China Huaneng Group Clean Energy Technology Research Institute, Wang Jinnan at the Chinese AcademyI How to Manage the Chinese Coal Value Chain by Kevin Jianjun Tu Carnegie Endowment enormously from speakers and participants at two US-China Coal Value Chain Exchanges, especially Ni Weido, Li

  2. James Pon Memorial Award Scholarship Opportunity 2014 Foundation to Commemorate Chinese Railroad Workers in Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barthelat, Francois

    Workers in Canada The Foundation to Commemorate the Chinese Railroad Workers in Canada (FCCRWC and awareness of the contribution to Canada by the Chinese Railroad Workers who participated in the construction of the first transcontinental railway (the CPR) that united Canada geographically and politically

  3. AtThe University of Utah vCollege-level Chinese Courses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tipple, Brett

    as a central hub for Chinese language and cultural education. As China's international role grows, there has. In addition, we provide access to Chinese language teaching materials through our library and develop in-house materials. The CIUU was made possible by generous financial support from the China National Office

  4. NYU-Fair Isaac-RWTH 07 Chinese to English Entity Translation System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the overall architecture of the Chinese to English ACE 2007 EDR and ET (Entity Translation) system developed MT results. We also combine Chinese EDR and English EDR systems according to different entity types, and encode the difference between two language EDRs to improve ET results. In addition, we incorporated

  5. Construction of a Patent Database of Chinese Listed Companies and a First Look at their Patenting Activities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

    1 Construction of a Patent Database of Chinese Listed Companies and a First Look at their Patenting Activities Abstract Although China is now the largest patent filing country in the world, there is little firm- level research using Chinese patents due to potential difficulties in integrating Chinese patent

  6. Modelling Chinese Smart Grid: A Stochastic Model Checking Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yüksel, Ender; Nielson, Flemming; Zhu, Huibiao; Huang, Heqing

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cyber-physical systems integrate information and communication technology functions to the physical elements of a system for monitoring and controlling purposes. The conversion of traditional power grid into a smart grid, a fundamental example of a cyber-physical system, raises a number of issues that require novel methods and applications. In this context, an important issue is the verification of certain quantitative properties of the system. In this technical report, we consider a specific Chinese Smart Grid implementation and try to address the verification problem for certain quantitative properties including performance and battery consumption. We employ stochastic model checking approach and present our modelling and analysis study using PRISM model checker.

  7. Lin Yutang and the revolution of modern Chinese humor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sample, Joseph Clayton

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Part Four 1932 Part Five 1933 Part Six 1934 25 45 54 61 79 86 99 Part Seven 1935 Part Eight 1936 CHAPTER V CONCLUSION WORKS CITED VITA 120 133 147 151 163 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION sBY SOME WONDERFUL FORCE OF RACE AND NATIONAL MANNERS..., which coupled subtle humor with often acerbic satire in i. ts analysis of the ideal Chinese official, was the first work of Lin to appear outside of China. In 1935, after encouragement from Buck, Lin wrote M Countr and N~Po 1, tb t t bo k bY Cb o tbo...

  8. Mythology and the Origin of Law in Early Chinese Thought

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacCormack, Geoffrey

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    .C., J.J.L. Duyvendak, The Book of Lord Shang (London: Arthur Probsthain, 1963), pp. 147-8. Cf. also a passage from paragraph eight (Duyvendak, p. 238) discussed by K. Turner Gottschang, ?Chinese Despotism Reconsidered: Monarchy and its Critics...-7. 26 Zhuangzi jijie????, ed. Wang Xianqian??? (Hong Kong: Poling chubanshe), Neiyu, p. 64; B. Watson, The Complete Works of Chuang Tzu (New York: Columbia University Press, 1968), pp. 116-7; A.C. Graham, Chuang-Tzu. The Inner Chapters. A Classic...

  9. Palcan s JV with four Chinese Companies | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorthOlympiaAnalysis) JumpPalcan s JV with four Chinese

  10. Pressurized pyrolysis and gasification of Chinese typical coal samples

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hanping Chen; Zhiwu Luo; Haiping Yang; Fudong Ju; Shihong Zhang [Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan (China). State Key Laboratory of Coal Combustion

    2008-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper aims to understand the pyrolysis and gasification behavior of different Chinese coal samples at different pressures. First, the pyrolysis of four typical Chinese coals samples (Xiaolongtan brown coal, Shenfu bituminous coal, Pingzhai anthracite coal, and Heshan lean coal) were carried out using a pressurized thermogravimetric analyzer at ambient pressure and 3 MPa, respectively. The surface structure and elemental component of the resultant char were measured with an automated gas adsorption apparatus and element analyzer. It was observed that higher pressure suppressed the primary pyrolysis, while the secondary pyrolysis of coal particles was promoted. With respect to the resultant solid char, the carbon content increased while H content decreased; however, the pore structure varied greatly with increasing pressure for different coal samples. For Xiaolongtan brown coal (XLT) char, it decreased greatly, while it increased obviously for the other three char types. Then, the isothermal gasification behavior of solid char particles was investigated using an ambient thermal analyzer with CO{sub 2} as the gasifying agent at 1000{sup o}C. The gasification reactivity of solid char was decreased greatly with increasing pyrolysis pressure. However, the extent of change displayed a vital relation with the characteristics of the original coal sample. 26 refs., 5 figs., 5 tabs.

  11. Challenges for Na-ion Negative Electrodes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chevrier, V. L.

    Na-ion batteries have been proposed as candidates for replacing Li-ion batteries. In this paper we examine the viability of Na-ion negative electrode materials based on Na alloys or hard carbons in terms of volumetric ...

  12. Semicoke production and quality at Chinese vertical SJ furnaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    V.M. Strakhov; I.V. Surovtseva; A.V. D'yachenko; V.M. Men'shenin [Kuznetsk Center, Eastern Coal-Chemistry Institute (Russian Federation)

    2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In Russia there has been little interest on the thermal processing of non-sintering coal. However it may be used to obtain many special types of coke and semicoke that are necessary for processes other than blast furnace smelting and employing small metallurgical coke fractions that do not meet the relevant quality requirements. China has recently made great progress in developing the thermal processing of coal (mainly energy coal) to obtain a highly effective product, semicoke, primarily used in metallurgy and adsorption process. The article considers the operation of a Chinese semicoking plant equipped with vertical SJ furnaces. The plant is in the Shenmu district of Shanxi province (Inner Mongolia). The enterprise includes two furnaces of total output of about 100,000 t/yr of semicoke.

  13. Issues in International Energy Consumption Analysis: Chinese Transportation Fuel Demand

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the 1990s, China has experienced tremendous growth in its transportation sector. By the end of 2010, China's road infrastructure had emerged as the second-largest transportation system in the world after the United States. Passenger vehicle sales are dramatically increasing from a little more than half a million in 2000, to 3.7 million in 2005, to 13.8 million in 2010. This represents a twenty-fold increase from 2000 to 2010. The unprecedented motorization development in China led to a significant increase in oil demand, which requires China to import progressively more petroleum from other countries, with its share of petroleum imports exceeding 50% of total petroleum demand since 2009. In response to growing oil import dependency, the Chinese government is adopting a broad range of policies, including promotion of fuel-efficient vehicles, fuel conservation, increasing investments in oil resources around the world, and many others.

  14. Cross Language Transfer and Foreign Language Learning Motivation in English and Chinese 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cho, Eunhee

    2014-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation investigated two issues: cross-language transfer among three typologically distant languages—Korean, English, and Chinese—and the language learning motivation of Korean students as it relates to two foreign languages...

  15. The Voice of Parents, Students, and Teachers Regarding Chinese Heritage Schools in Southeast Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liao, Li-Yuan

    2012-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

    represent the phenomenon of after-school Chinese language education in the United States. With in-depth interviews and content analysis, this dissertation sought to provide greater understanding in: (a) creating a dialogue among the unique perspectives...

  16. ancient chinese anti-fever: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the plans of Xi'an, Khanbalik and Dali. Sparavigna, Amelia Carolina 2013-01-01 4 "Fractal Expression" in Chinese Calligraphy Physics (arXiv) Summary: We show that from...

  17. Factors Influencing Career Experiences of Selected Chinese Faculty Employed at a Research Extensive University in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Yan

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Whereas research related to the experience of faculty of color is increasing, little attention has been focused on Chinese faculty's career experience in the United States. The purpose of this study was: (1) to identify ...

  18. Cultural Values in Chinese Children's Animation: A Content Analysis of The Legend of Nezha

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, Yi; Zhang, Yan Bing

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examined the dominant cultural value themes in The Legend of Nezha, a 52-episode Chinese award winning television animation series for children. Two contextual factors, the image and sex of the characters who ...

  19. The sequence of the supreme and mundane : case studies of the Chinese urban order

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianxiang, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    After decades of urbanization and growth, Chinese cities are experiencing rapid renewal and redevelopment. The revolutionary changes in city form are accompanied by not only prosperity and wealth, but also chaotic environment ...

  20. Resources and capabilities in high-tech enterpreneurship : a study of two generations of Chinese startups

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Lin, 1964 May 1-

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    By examining the origin and growth dynamics of two generations of high-tech startups in China's information technology sectors, this study presents empirical research on how Chinese technology startup companies, despite ...

  1. Creating transparency in the Chinese real estate development industry : a case study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Feng, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Transparency issue remains one of the top issues that have discouraged foreign investors to invest China's real estate market. This thesis establishes a framework for Chinese developers to create transparency for their ...

  2. The Question-asking Behavior of Five Chinese International Students: A Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chu, Yiting

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    " or "inactive learners": they were quiet in the classroom and seldom asked question. In this paper, the investigator examined five Chinese graduate students in an American university on their experiences and perceptions on asking question in the American...

  3. Low levels of cardiovascular risk factors and coronary heart disease in a UK Chinese population. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harland, J O; Unwin, Nigel; Bhopal, Raj; White, M; Watson, B; Laker, M; Alberti, K G

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and coronary heart disease in Chinese and Europid adults. DESIGN: Population based, cross sectional survey. SETTING: Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, 1991-93. ...

  4. Bargaining in the Chinese Leviathan: An Examination on the Steel Industry after China's SOE Reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Zichao

    2010-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis centers on the competitions between enterprises in the steel industry in China after the SOE (state-owned enterprises) reform, which can be viewed as a case for mass economic reforms within Chinese Leviathan. To examine the effect...

  5. Determinants of socioeconomic attainment of Chinese American women: a multilevel analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qin, Bibin

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The main objective of this study is to examine the effects of individual characteristics, labor market sectors and community (MSAs) characteristics on the earnings of Chinese American women using the 1990 5% PUMS data. The individual characteristics...

  6. Economic statecraft with Chinese characteristics : the use of commercial actors in China's grand strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norris, William J., Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study is about Chinese economic statecraft: what it is, how it works and why it is more or less effective. The study builds a theory of economic statecraft that provides an explanation of how states use firms to pursue ...

  7. Chinese housing mixology : considerations for the successful development of mixed-income housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Janelle (Janelle Jie-Ying)

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent years, the Chinese government transformed their national system of housing provision and introduced market mechanisms. The consequent boom in residential real estate development and the emergence of speculative ...

  8. FAMILY NEEDS OF CHINESE FAMILIES WITH CHILDREN WITH INTELLECTUAL AND DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES: A QUALITATIVE INQUIRY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Xiaoyi

    2011-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

    F AMIL Y NEEDS OF CHINESE FAMILIES WITH CHILDREN WITH INTELLECTUAL AND DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES: A QUALITATIVE INQUIRY By Xiaoyi Hu Submitted to the Department of Special Education and the Faculty of the Graduate School...UI, LLM ~~~ la~ Mian Wang, h.D. Dissertation defended: June, 241\\ 2011 Copyright 2011 The Dissertation Committee for Xiaoyi Hu certifies that this is the approved version of the following dissertation: F AMIL Y NEEDS OF CHINESE FAMILIES...

  9. Aithisg Bhliadhnail Coilltearachd na h-Alba

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ' toirt thugaibh Lèirmheas Bliadhnail Ùghdarras Coilltearachd na h-Alba 2007-08. B' e seo a' chiad bliadhna. Tha mise a' meas an Lèirmheas seo mar `iris dhealbhach' an cois na h-Aithisg Bhliadhnail agus Ùghdarras na Coilltearachd a bhith dèanamh cinnteach gu lean an fhàs seo agus gum bi e na bhuannachd do

  10. Analysis of the Chinese Market for Building Energy Efficiency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu, Sha; Evans, Meredydd; Shi, Qing

    2014-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    China will account for about half of the new construction globally in the coming decade. Its floorspace doubled from 1996 to 2011, and Chinese rural buildings alone have as much floorspace as all of U.S. residential buildings. Building energy consumption has also grown, increasing by over 40% since 1990. To curb building energy demand, the Chinese government has launched a series of policies and programs. Combined, this growth in buildings and renovations, along with the policies to promote green buildings, are creating a large market for energy efficiency products and services. This report assesses the impact of China’s policies on building energy efficiency and on the market for energy efficiency in the future. The first chapter of this report introduces the trends in China, drawing on both historical analysis, and detailed modeling of the drivers behind changes in floorspace and building energy demand such as economic and population growth, urbanization, policy. The analysis describes the trends by region, building type and energy service. The second chapter discusses China’s policies to promote green buildings. China began developing building energy codes in the 1980s. Over time, the central government has increased the stringency of the code requirements and the extent of enforcement. The codes are mandatory in all new buildings and major renovations in China’s cities, and they have been a driving force behind the expansion of China’s markets for insulation, efficient windows, and other green building materials. China also has several other important policies to encourage efficient buildings, including the Three-Star Rating System (somewhat akin to LEED), financial incentives tied to efficiency, appliance standards, a phasing out of incandescent bulbs and promotion of efficient lighting, and several policies to encourage retrofits in existing buildings. In the third chapter, we take “deep dives” into the trends affecting key building components. This chapter examines insulation in walls and roofs; efficient windows and doors; heating, air conditioning and controls; and lighting. These markets have seen significant growth because of the strength of the construction sector but also the specific policies that require and promote efficient building components. At the same time, as requirements have become more stringent, there has been fierce competition, and quality has at time suffered, which in turn has created additional challenges. Next we examine existing buildings in chapter four. China has many Soviet-style, inefficient buildings built before stringent requirements for efficiency were more widely enforced. As a result, there are several specific market opportunities related to retrofits. These fall into two or three categories. First, China now has a code for retrofitting residential buildings in the north. Local governments have targets of the number of buildings they must retrofit each year, and they help finance the changes. The requirements focus on insulation, windows, and heat distribution. Second, the Chinese government recently decided to increase the scale of its retrofits of government and state-owned buildings. It hopes to achieve large scale changes through energy service contracts, which creates an opportunity for energy service companies. Third, there is also a small but growing trend to apply energy service contracts to large commercial and residential buildings. This report assesses the impacts of China’s policies on building energy efficiency. By examining the existing literature and interviewing stakeholders from the public, academic, and private sectors, the report seeks to offer an in-depth insights of the opportunities and barriers for major market segments related to building energy efficiency. The report also discusses trends in building energy use, policies promoting building energy efficiency, and energy performance contracting for public building retrofits.

  11. www.scichina.com www.springerlink.com 2087 Chinese Science Bulletin 2006 Vol. 51 No. 17 2087--2094

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lovley, Derek

    Physiology & Ecology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai] . These genes play critical roles in the Nod-factor perception/transduction system a

  12. Trans-media strategies of appropriation, narrativization, and visualization : adaptations of literature in a century of Chinese cinema

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qin, Liyan

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    cinema coincided with a wholesale revamping and critiquing of the Chinese tradition, first against such western values as democracy and science,

  13. 4th International Conference on Earthquake Engineering Taipei, Taiwan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruneau, Michel

    the occurrence of shear buckling. After buckling, lateral load is carried in the panel via the subsequently Shear Walls (SPSWs) as the primary lateral force resisting system in buildings has increased in recent designs, which did not allow for utilization of the post-buckling strength, but only elastic and shear

  14. 4th International Conference on Earthquake Engineering Taipei, Taiwan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chao, Shih-Ho

    , these structures can undergo excessive story drifts after buckling of bracing members. That can lead to early methodology was applied to CBF with buckling type braces which exhibit somewhat "pinched" hysteretic loops limit states. The design lateral forces are derived by using an energy equation where the energy needed

  15. Sodium iron hexacyanoferrate with high Na content as a Na-rich cathode material for Na-ion batteries

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Guo, Ya [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Yu, Xiqian [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); You, Ya [Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Beijing (China). Inst. of Chemistry; Yin, Yaxia [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Nam, Kyung -Wan [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Owing to the worldwide abundance and low-cost of Na, room-temperature Na-ion batteries are emerging as attractive energy storage systems for large-scale grids. Increasing the Na content in cathode material is one of the effective ways to achieve high energy density. Prussian blue and its analogues (PBAs) are promising Na-rich cathode materials since they can theoretically store two Na ions per formula. However, increasing the Na content in PBAs cathode materials is a big challenge in the current. Here we show that sodium iron hexacyanoferrate with high Na content could be obtained by simply controlling the reducing agent and reaction atmosphere during synthesis. The Na content can reach as high as 1.63 per formula, which is the highest value for sodium iron hexacyanoferrate. This Na-rich sodium iron hexacyanoferrate demonstrates a high specific capacity of 150 mA h g-1 and remarkable cycling performance with 90% capacity retention after 200 cycles. Furthermore, the Na intercalation/de-intercalation mechanism is systematically studied by in situ Raman, X-ray diffraction and X-ray absorption spectroscopy analysis for the first time. The Na-rich sodium iron hexacyanoferrate could function as a plenteous Na reservoir and has great potential as a cathode material toward practical Na-ion batteries.

  16. Sodium iron hexacyanoferrate with high Na content as a Na-rich cathode material for Na-ion batteries

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Guo, Ya; Yu, Xiqian; You, Ya; Yin, Yaxia; Nam, Kyung -Wan

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Owing to the worldwide abundance and low-cost of Na, room-temperature Na-ion batteries are emerging as attractive energy storage systems for large-scale grids. Increasing the Na content in cathode material is one of the effective ways to achieve high energy density. Prussian blue and its analogues (PBAs) are promising Na-rich cathode materials since they can theoretically store two Na ions per formula. However, increasing the Na content in PBAs cathode materials is a big challenge in the current. Here we show that sodium iron hexacyanoferrate with high Na content could be obtained by simply controlling the reducing agent and reaction atmospheremore »during synthesis. The Na content can reach as high as 1.63 per formula, which is the highest value for sodium iron hexacyanoferrate. This Na-rich sodium iron hexacyanoferrate demonstrates a high specific capacity of 150 mA h g-1 and remarkable cycling performance with 90% capacity retention after 200 cycles. Furthermore, the Na intercalation/de-intercalation mechanism is systematically studied by in situ Raman, X-ray diffraction and X-ray absorption spectroscopy analysis for the first time. The Na-rich sodium iron hexacyanoferrate could function as a plenteous Na reservoir and has great potential as a cathode material toward practical Na-ion batteries.« less

  17. Making Ourselves Understood: The Role of Previous Experience, Stereotypes, Communication Accommodation, and Anxiety in Americans' Perceptions of Communication with Chinese Students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruble, Racheal A.

    2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examined American students' perceptions of communication with Chinese international students in two parts. First, studies were conducted to explore the stereotypes American students have about Chinese students. ...

  18. NA61/SHINE ion program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maja Mackowiak for the NA61 Collaboration

    2010-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS) at CERN covers one of the most interesting regions of the phase diagram (T - \\mu_{B}) of strongly interacting matter. The study of central Pb+Pb collisions by NA49 indicate that the threshold for deconfinement is reached already at the low SPS energies. Theoretical considerations predict a critical point of strongly interacting matter at energies accessible at the SPS. The NA61/SHINE experiment, a successor of the NA49 project, will study hadron production in p+p, p+A, h+A, and A+A reactions at various energies. The broad physics program includes the investigation of the properties of strongly interacting matter, as well as precision measurements of hadron spectra for the T2K neutrino experiment and for the Pierre Auger Observatory and KASCADE cosmic-ray projects. The main physics goals of the NA61/SHINE ion program are to study the properties of the onset of deconfinement at low SPS energies and to find signatures of the critical point of strongly interacting matter. To achieve these goals a broad range in the (T - \\mu_{B}) phase diagram will be covered by performing an energy (10A-158A GeV/c) and system size (p+p, B+C, Ar+Ca, Xe+La) scan. The first data for this 2-D scan were taken in 2009, i.e. p+p interactions at 20, 30, 40, 80, 158 GeV/c beam energy. This contribution will summarize physics arguments for the NA61/SHINE ion program, show the detector performance and present the current status of the experiment and plans for the next years.

  19. To return home or "Return to Taiwan" : conflicts and survival in the "Voluntary Repatriation" of Chinese POWs in the Korean War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Cheng David

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Anniversary of the Korean War,” Journal of Strategic StudiesWar..………..the Communists: Divergent Civil War Experiences of Chinese

  20. Rethinking the Twentieth Century Denigration of Traditional Chinese Science and Medicine in the Twenty-first Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elman, Benjamin

    Rethinking the Twentieth Century Denigration of Traditional Chinese Science and Medicine progress of knowledge. When Chinese studies of the natural world, her rich medieval traditions of alchemy tradition of natural studies and medicine has accrued in volume after unrelenting volume of Joseph Needham

  1. Advances in X-Ray Chemical Analysis, Japan, 45 (2014) ISSN 0911-7806 Report on 10th Chinese X-Ray Spectrometry Conference (CXRSC)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jun, Kawai

    and Information Technology), Dr. Yidong Zhao (Institute of High Energy Physics of Chinese Academy of Sciences-Ray Spectrometry Conference (CXRSC) Ying LIU #12;#12;45 345 Report on 10th Chinese X-Ray Spectrometry Conference (CXRSC) Adv. X-Ray. Chem. Anal., Japan 45, pp.345-348 (2014) Report on 10th Chinese X-Ray Spectrometry

  2. NA1 Sept | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    at NNSA Blog Home content Social Media NA1 Sept NA1 Sept .@FrankKlotzNNSA gives a shout out to programs contributing to NNSA's enduring mission http:1.usa.gov1mUBgrn...

  3. NA1 | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Working at NNSA Blog Home content Social Media NA1 NA1 Administrator's message to NNSA workforce on another impressive achievement-full copy here: http:1.usa.gov1teEgRy...

  4. Thai group set to invest in Chinese petchem complex

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alperowicz, N.

    1993-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

    A $5-billion refinery and petrochemical complex is planned by Thailand's Charoen Pokphand (Bangkok) at the seaport of Nimpoh, near Shanghai. The company has discussed the project with the central government of China, and state oil and petrochemicals company Sinopec (Beijing) is due to complete a feasibility study within the next two months. Charoen's plastics processing subsidiary, Kuo Shen (Hong Kong), is expected to hold 70% in the venture, Sinopec 20%, and the Chinese government the remaining 10%. Western companies have been invited to participate. Solvay (Brussels), a 49% partner with Charoen Pokphand in the Vinythai polyvinyl chloride (PVC) joint venture at Map Ta Pud, Thailand, has not yet made a commitment. The 5-million m.t./year oil refinery would feed the complex, which will be based on a 450,000-m.t./year ethylene plant, downstream aromatics units, and a range of derivatives plants. The complex, which falls outside the many announced for Thailand's current five-year economic plan, is expcted to be implemented in stages. To begin with, a 120,000-m.t./year PVC plant will be built that will be fed on imported vinyl chloride monomer. Charoen is in discussions with process licensers, including Solvay, European Vinyl Corp., BFGoodrich, and Shinetsu. Half the PVC output will be consumed by Kuo Shen in China, where Charoen has several plastics processing units, including one in Shanghai and one in Nimpoh. Meanwhile, Sinopec's Hong Kong subsidiary is seeking partners to invest in joint venture projects in China. Sinopec president Liu Xuemin says the company is willing to cooperate with overseas companies to establish small petrochemical projects. In addition, Sinopec is negotiating with officials of Dayang in Jiangsu province and the special economic zone of Shen Zhen, near Hong Kong, on joint ventures for plastics and food additives.

  5. Workforce Statistics - NA SH | National Nuclear Security Administratio...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Us Our Operations Management and Budget Office of Civil Rights Workforce Statistics Workforce Statistics - NA SH Workforce Statistics - NA SH NA SH FY14 Year End...

  6. The Chinese invasion of Tibet in 1950: an analysis of the American response

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murry, Ellen Theresa

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE CHINESE "INVASION" OF TIBET IN 1950: AN ANALYSIS OF THE AMERICAN RESPONSE A Thesis by ELLEN THERESA MURRY Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER... OF ARTS May 1982 Major Subject; History THE CHINESE "INVASION" OF TIBET IN 1950: AN ANALYSIS OF THE AMERICAN RESPONSE A Thesis by ELLEN THERESA HURRY Approved as to style and content by: a rman o omm1t e) (Member) (Member) em er ea epartme May...

  7. NA SD 452.2

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA groupTubahq.na.govSecurityMaintaining theSan Jose-San| National NuclearMonthlyN

  8. Chinese Deja Vu: Parallels Between The Urban Popular Cultures Of Republican and Post Mao China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snowden, Lisa Renee

    2009-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Obsession (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1999), xii-xiv. 6 Geremie Barmé, “Soft Porn, Packaged Dissent, and Nationalism: Notes on Chinese Culture in the 1990s,” Current History, 93 (1994): 272. 7 See Figures 4-6. 8 Barmé, Current History, 270...

  9. The Question-asking Behavior of Five Chinese International Students: A Case Study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chu, Yiting

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    by their belief that teacher should be respected, the value of question, and the Chinese concepts of thinking and speaking. The classroom environment in terms of the classroom behavior of American professors and other students also had impacts on the participants...

  10. Influence of U.S. immigration laws on Chinese immigration, United States, 1980 to 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luo, Hua

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Visas: China and All Countries, 1984-2002 ....................................................... 59 4 Correlation between Economic Variables and PIR.................................. 66 5 Correlation between... to travel to China and reenter the United States, but its provisions were otherwise more restrictive than preceding immigration laws. This Act 19 required Chinese to register and secure a certificate as proof of their right to be in the United States...

  11. Case study on accounting fraud of U.S.-listed Chinese companies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    An, Tingting

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the period from 2009 to 2013, 76 out of 848 U.S. federal securities class action litigations were against Chinese companies listed in U.S. markets. The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has also initiated ...

  12. The Nested Chinese Restaurant Process and Bayesian Nonparametric Inference of Topic Hierarchies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blei, David M.

    DAVID M. BLEI Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey AND THOMAS L. GRIFFITHS AND MICHAEL I. JORDAN Reference Format: Blei, D. M., GrifÞths, T. L., and Jordan, M. I. 2010. The nested Chinese restaurant), 30 pages. DOI = 10.1145/1667053.1667056 http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1667053.1667056 D. M. Blei

  13. Ultrasonic backscatter coefficient quantitative estimates from Chinese hamster ovary cell pellet biophantoms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

    Ultrasonic backscatter coefficient quantitative estimates from Chinese hamster ovary cell pellet August 2010; accepted 6 August 2010 A cell pellet biophantom technique is introduced, and applied verification purposes. BSC estimates from CHO cell pellet biophantoms of known number density were performed

  14. THE GLOBALIzATION OF CHINESE SCIENCE: A THREAT OR AN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Chen

    THE GLOBALIzATION OF CHINESE SCIENCE: A THREAT OR AN OPPORTuNITy? recently, I attended the 50th?" and "Is China a threat to the power of the United states?" We have known the host and his family for years). are they a welcome expansion or a threat to the quality of programs? In some years, conferencegoers have expressed

  15. LANGUAGE PROCESSING IN CHINESE H.C. Chen and O.J.L. Tzeng (Editors)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Butterworth, Brian

    Publishers B.V. All rights reserved. Deep and Surface Dyslexia in Chinese Wengang Yin and Brian Butterworth-damage, resulting in different patterns of reading disability, i.e. "deep" and "surface" dyslexia. These data; Hu, Zhu, & Liu, 1986); clinical classification - for example, whether dyslexia is accompanied

  16. Twentieth century Chinese architecture : examples and their significance in a modern tradition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcus, Karen K

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    If one were to seek a unifying factor in this relatively short period of a modern Chinese tradition, it might be surprising to find that amidst the jolts of passing out of a feudal era into the twentieth century, the ancient ...

  17. Chinese Science: a Flexible Response to the West? Peter C. Perdue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elman, Benjamin

    : Benjamin A. Elman, A cultural history of modern science in China Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.: Harvard University Press, 2005), Elman surveys four major periods of scientific and technological the Jesuits arrived. He aimed to fit Chinese achievements within a fixed model of scientific disciplines

  18. Spelling English Words: Contributions of Phonological, Morphological and Orthographic Knowledge in Speakers of English and Chinese

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Jing

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    three factor structure (PA, MA and OA) for both groups ...................................................... 53 Figure 5a Standardized estimates of the configural CFA model (American) ...... 58 Figure 5b Standardized estimates... of the structural model (Chinese) ................... 70 xii LIST OF TABLES Page Table 1 Minnesota participant information obtained from 2010 School NCLB Data Report (n = 99) .................................................... 37...

  19. Asian emissions of CO and NOx: Constraints from aircraft and Chinese station data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palmer, Paul

    Asian emissions of CO and NOx: Constraints from aircraft and Chinese station data Yuxuan X. Wang to constrain estimates of Asian emissions of CO and NOx. A priori emissions are based on a detailed bottom emissions of CO and NOx, respectively, distributed heterogeneously, with the largest adjustments required

  20. An Epidemiologic Study of Early Biologic Effects of Benzene in Chinese Workers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    An Epidemiologic Study of Early Biologic Effects of Benzene in Chinese Workers Nathaniel Rothman,1 and Anti-Epidemic Center, Shanghai, China Benzene is a recognized hematotoxin and leukemogen, but its a cross-sectional study of 44 healthy workers currently exposed to benzene (median 8-hr time

  1. "Soft-decision"Decoding of Chinese Remainder Codes Venkatesan Guruswami* Amit Sahai * t Madhu Sudan * 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sahai, Amit

    "Soft-decision"Decoding of Chinese Remainder Codes Venkatesan Guruswami* Amit Sahai * t Madhu Sudan Code were given recently by Goldreich, Ron, and Sudan 151, and im- proved by Bonkh [I, Goldreich, Ron, and Sudan [5] gave a "list de- coding" algorithm for this code. Formally,the list decoding

  2. Thousand-year-long Chinese time series reveals climatic forcing of decadal locust dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -dependent effects deserve increased at- tention in global warming studies. agricultural pest ecological response and Rodents in Agriculture, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Tatun Road, Chao Yang District and droughts in the lower Yangtze River, phenomena that are associated with locust outbreaks. Our results imply

  3. A Grammar-Based Chinese to English Speech Translation System for Portable Devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Dekai

    by the ever-increasing hardware power of portable devices such as personal digital assistants (PDAs), PDAA Grammar-Based Chinese to English Speech Translation System for Portable Devices Pascale FUNG, LIU Portable devices such as PDA phones and smart phones are increasingly popular. Many of these devices

  4. Proceedings of the Chinese-American symposium on energy markets and the future of energy demand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyers, S. (ed.)

    1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Symposium was organized by the Energy Research Institute of the State Economic Commission of China, and the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory and Johns Hopkins University from the United States. It was held at the Johns Hopkins University Nanjing Center in late June 1988. It was attended by about 15 Chinese and an equal number of US experts on various topics related to energy demand and supply. Each presenter is one of the best observers of the energy situation in their field. A Chinese and US speaker presented papers on each topic. In all, about 30 papers were presented over a period of two and one half days. Each paper was translated into English and Chinese. The Chinese papers provide an excellent overview of the emerging energy demand and supply situation in China and the obstacles the Chinese planners face in managing the expected increase in demand for energy. These are matched by papers that discuss the energy situation in the US and worldwide, and the implications of the changes in the world energy situation on both countries. The papers in Part 1 provide historical background and discuss future directions. The papers in Part 2 focus on the historical development of energy planning and policy in each country and the methodologies and tools used for projecting energy demand and supply. The papers in Part 3 examine the pattern of energy demand, the forces driving demand, and opportunities for energy conservation in each of the major sectors in China and the US. The papers in Part 4 deal with the outlook for global and Pacific region energy markets and the development of the oil and natural gas sector in China.

  5. Structure and modeling of the network of two-Chinese-character compound words in the Japanese language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yamamoto, Ken

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper proposes a numerical model of the network of two-Chinese-character compound words (two-character network, for short). In this network, a Chinese character is a node and a two-Chinese-character compound word links two nodes. The basic framework of the model is that an important character gets many edges. As the importance of a character, we use the frequency of each character appearing in publications. The direction of edge is given according to a random number assigned to nodes. The network generated by the model is small-world and scale-free, and reproduces statistical properties in the actual two-character network quantitatively.

  6. Reduce Air Infiltration in Furnaces (English/Chinese) (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chinese translation of the Reduce Air Infiltration in Furnaces fact sheet. Provides suggestions on how to improve furnace energy efficiency. Fuel-fired furnaces discharge combustion products through a stack or a chimney. Hot furnace gases are less dense and more buoyant than ambient air, so they rise, creating a differential pressure between the top and the bottom of the furnace. This differential, known as thermal head, is the source of a natural draft or negative pressure in furnaces and boilers. A well-designed furnace (or boiler) is built to avoid air leakage into the furnace or leakage of flue gases from the furnace to the ambient. However, with time, most furnaces develop cracks or openings around doors, joints, and hearth seals. These openings (leaks) usually appear small compared with the overall dimensions of the furnace, so they are often ignored. The negative pressure created by the natural draft (or use of an induced-draft fan) in a furnace draws cold air through the openings (leaks) and into the furnace. The cold air becomes heated to the furnace exhaust gas temperature and then exits through the flue system, wasting valuable fuel. It might also cause excessive oxidation of metals or other materials in the furnaces. The heat loss due to cold air leakage resulting from the natural draft can be estimated if you know four major parameters: (1) The furnace or flue gas temperature; (2) The vertical distance H between the opening (leak) and the point where the exhaust gases leave the furnace and its flue system (if the leak is along a vertical surface, H will be an average value); (3) The area of the leak, in square inches; and (4) The amount of operating time the furnace spends at negative pressure. Secondary parameters that affect the amount of air leakage include these: (1) The furnace firing rate; (2) The flue gas velocity through the stack or the stack cross-section area; (3) The burner operating conditions (e.g., excess air, combustion air temperature, and so on). For furnaces or boilers using an induced-draft (ID) fan, the furnace negative pressure depends on the fan performance and frictional losses between the fan inlet and the point of air leakage. In most cases, it would be necessary to measure or estimate negative pressure at the opening. The amount of air leakage, the heat lost in flue gases, and their effects on increased furnace or boiler fuel consumption can be calculated by using the equations and graphs given in Industrial Furnaces (see W. Trinks et al., below). Note that the actual heat input required to compensate for the heat loss in flue gases due to air leakage would be greater than the heat contained in the air leakage because of the effect of available heat in the furnace. For a high-temperature furnace that is not maintained properly, the fuel consumption increase due to air leakage can be as high as 10% of the fuel input.

  7. Recent results from NA61/SHINE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marek Gazdzicki; for the NA61/SHINE Collaboration

    2014-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper briefly presents the NA61/SHINE facility at the CERN SPS and its measurements motivated by physics of strong interactions, neutrinos and cosmic rays.

  8. Life in Challenge Mills, Yuba County, California, 18751915 A small Chinese settlement was located on the northeastern outskirts of Challenge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Standiford, Richard B.

    over their fireplaces, which were built of rocks and local clay. At least one cabin had an exquisitely. One oldtimer remembered selling a 200-pound hog to the Chinese for one dollar. Another oldtimer

  9. Double vision hermeneutics of a Chinese pastor’s intersubjective experience of Shì engaging Yìzhuàn and Pauline texts 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ooi, Hio Kee

    2013-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The aim of this thesis is to unfold the multilayered intersubjective experience of the author himself, a Chinese pastor. The author postulates himself as the subject in whom the said experience was evident, so that it ...

  10. Ecological Technologies of a Chinese Traditional Folk House in Hot-Summer and Cold-Winter Zone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, M.; Zhang, G.; Xu, F.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Regional climate should be considered in building design for energy-efficiency and environmental protection, and there are many helpful practices that are climate-responsive in traditional folk houses. Plotting of a Chinese traditional folk house...

  11. Androgynous Beauty, Virtual Community: Stardom, Fandom and Chinese Reality Shows under Globalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiao, Hui Faye

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    104 5 Androgynous Beauty, Virtual Sisterhood Stardom, Fandom, and Chinese Talent Shows under Globalization hui faye xiao In the future, everyone will be world-famous for 15 minutes. —Andy Warhol, exhibition catalog (1968) [P]opular culture always...- ology. Situating my analysis of the engendering of the Super Girl stardom and fandom against the backdrop of China’s accelerating marketization and globalization, I propose that the excessive emotional manipulations of the Super Girl idol show...

  12. Chinese parenting and children's compliance to adults: a cross-cultural comparative study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Ching-Yu Soar

    2013-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

    -Deckard et al., 1998; Aspland & Gardner, 2003), it has been used in a number of studies to analyse parenting behaviour and parent-child interaction for both structured and unstructured tasks across different cultures (e.g., Corapci, Radan, & Lozoff, 2006... good iron status (Corapci, Radan, & Lozoff, 2006). The wide range of sample the 11 PARCHISY had been used with and its ability to discriminate the group differences made it suitable to be used in the current study. Chinese parenting...

  13. Factors Influencing Career Experiences of Selected Chinese Faculty Employed at a Research Extensive University in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Yan

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    and occupational barriers similar to other faculty of color in seeking tenure, promotion and recognition within the academy in the United States? What are major factors influencing Chinese faculty?s career development experiences, especially those who are first..., marginalization, isolation, and caste existence in predominantly white institutions (Essien, 2003; Turner, 2003). Topics include examining factors that concern hiring faculty of color and incorporating them into the higher ranks of the academy and dealing...

  14. Laser-induced ionization of Na vapor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, R.C.Y.; Judge, D.L.; Roussel, F.; Carre, B.; Breger, P.; Spiess, G.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The production of Na/sub 2//sup +/ ions by off-resonant laser excitation in the 5800-6200A region mainly results from two-photon absorption by the Na/sub 2/ molecule to highly excited gerade states followed by (a) direct ionization by absorbing a third photon or (b) coupling to the molecular Na/sub 2/ D/sup 1/PI..mu.. Rydberg state which is subsequently ionized by absorbing a third photon. This mechanism, i.e., a two-photon resonance three photon ionization process, explains a recent experimental observation of Roussel et al. It is suggested that the very same mechanism is also responsible for a similar observation reported by Polak-Dingels et al in their work using two crossed Na beams. In the latter two studies the laser-induced associative ionization processes were reported to be responsible for producing the Na/sub 2//sup +/ ion. From the ratio of molecular to atomic concentration in the crossed beam experiment of Polak-Dingels et al we estimate that the cross section for producing Na/sub 2//sup +/ through laser-induced associative ionization is at least four orders of magnitude smaller than ionization through the two-photon resonance three photon ionization process in Na/sub 2/ molecules.

  15. NA GC - Office of General Counsel | National Nuclear Security...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Blog Home About Us Our Operations Management and Budget Office of Civil Rights Workforce Statistics NA GC - Office of General Counsel NA GC - Office of General Counsel...

  16. NA 1 - Immediate Office of the Administrator | National Nuclear...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Us Our Operations Management and Budget Office of Civil Rights Workforce Statistics NA 1 - Immediate Office of the Administrator NA 1 - Immediate Office of the...

  17. NA MB - Associate Administrator for Management & Budget | National...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Us Our Operations Management and Budget Office of Civil Rights Workforce Statistics NA MB - Associate Administrator for Management ... NA MB - Associate Administrator...

  18. NA 30 - Deputy Administrator for Naval Reactors | National Nuclear...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Us Our Operations Management and Budget Office of Civil Rights Workforce Statistics NA 30 - Deputy Administrator for Naval Reactors NA 30 - Deputy Administrator for...

  19. NA APM - Associate Administrator for Acquisition & Project Management...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Us Our Operations Management and Budget Office of Civil Rights Workforce Statistics NA APM - Associate Administrator for Acquisition ... NA APM - Associate...

  20. NA 40 - Associate Administrator for Emergency Operations | National...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Us Our Operations Management and Budget Office of Civil Rights Workforce Statistics NA 40 - Associate Administrator for Emergency Operations NA 40 - Associate...

  1. NA 15 - Assistant Deputy Administrator for Secure Transportation...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Us Our Operations Management and Budget Office of Civil Rights Workforce Statistics NA 15 - Assistant Deputy Administrator for ... NA 15 - Assistant Deputy...

  2. NA 80 - Associate Administrator for Counterterrorism andCounterprolif...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Us Our Operations Management and Budget Office of Civil Rights Workforce Statistics NA 80 - Associate Administrator for Counterterrorism ... NA 80 - Associate...

  3. NA 50 - Associate Administrator for Safety, Infrastructure and...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Us Our Operations Management and Budget Office of Civil Rights Workforce Statistics NA 50 - Associate Administrator for Safety, ... NA 50 - Associate Administrator...

  4. NA 10 - Deputy Administrator for Defense Programs | National...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Us Our Operations Management and Budget Office of Civil Rights Workforce Statistics NA 10 - Deputy Administrator for Defense Programs NA 10 - Deputy Administrator for...

  5. NA 70 - Associate Administrator for Defense Nuclear Security...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Us Our Operations Management and Budget Office of Civil Rights Workforce Statistics NA 70 - Associate Administrator for Defense ... NA 70 - Associate Administrator...

  6. analiticheskij kompleks na: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  7. achados na ressonancia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  8. aktinidnykh matrits na: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  9. aquaticas na eficiencia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  10. aplicacao na padronizacao: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  11. ambientais defendidos na: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  12. aprendizagem organizacional na: Topics by E-print Network

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    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  13. atomizacao na industria: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  14. aplicacao na prevencao: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  15. acumulam na doenca: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  16. alongamento mesenterial na: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  17. arteriais na cirurgia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  18. acometido na vertigem: Topics by E-print Network

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    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  19. abordagem multiescala na: Topics by E-print Network

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    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  20. antiga terapia na: Topics by E-print Network

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    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  1. apendicite aguda na: Topics by E-print Network

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    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  2. amazonicus characidae na: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  3. aktivnykh dobavok na: Topics by E-print Network

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    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  4. aplicacao na producao: Topics by E-print Network

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    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  5. aparelhos na radioterapia: Topics by E-print Network

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    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  6. aiton na serra: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  7. aditivos na injetabilidade: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  8. argila na morfologia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  9. a2780 na cisplatinu: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  10. atmosferica na regiao: Topics by E-print Network

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    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  11. atividade pesqueira na: Topics by E-print Network

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    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  12. adjuvante na papilomatose: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  13. agem na demanda: Topics by E-print Network

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    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  14. aegypti na ilha: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  15. anemia materna na: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  16. azotada na produtividade: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  17. asma aguda na: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  18. anseniformes ocorrido na: Topics by E-print Network

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    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  19. autogeno na cirurgia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  20. avarii na chaehs: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  1. alcalino neoproterozoico na: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  2. adultos na coorte: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  3. argilas pilarizadas na: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  4. antioxidantes na resposta: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  5. alteracoes na sintese: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  6. aborto ilegal na: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  7. artificiais na bacia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  8. acidente na usina: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  9. ambulatoriais na cidade: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  10. atheriniformes atherinopsidae na: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  11. adquirida na comunidade: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  12. antioxidantes na asma: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  13. antimicrobiana na cirurgia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  14. aleitamento materno na: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  15. avarii na aehs: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  16. aplicacao na calibracao: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  17. adsorbirovannogo na tverdykh: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  18. armazenamento na disponibilidade: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  19. animais silvestres na: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  20. alternativa na quebra: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  1. alternativos utilizados na: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  2. acidentes na industria: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  3. aliado na busca: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  4. atmosfera controlada na: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  5. alegorias na pintura: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  6. alteracoes na secrecao: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  7. auxilio na atividade: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  8. atmosferas modificadas na: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  9. aquecimento na vida: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  10. aplicacao na dosimetria: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  11. aplicado na automacao: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  12. aktivnosti na fiziologicheskie: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  13. amostragem na lavoura: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  14. alada na distrofia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  15. achados na artroscopia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  16. anemia falciforme na: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  17. avaliadas na semeadura: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  18. anodo na oxidacao: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  19. aprendizado na fundoplicatura: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  20. achados na tomografia: Topics by E-print Network

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    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  1. Electronic nose with a new feature reduction method and a multi-linear classifier for Chinese liquor classification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jing, Yaqi; Meng, Qinghao, E-mail: qh-meng@tju.edu.cn; Qi, Peifeng; Zeng, Ming; Li, Wei; Ma, Shugen [Tianjin Key Laboratory of Process Measurement and Control, Institute of Robotics and Autonomous Systems, School of Electrical Engineering and Automation, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072 (China)] [Tianjin Key Laboratory of Process Measurement and Control, Institute of Robotics and Autonomous Systems, School of Electrical Engineering and Automation, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072 (China)

    2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    An electronic nose (e-nose) was designed to classify Chinese liquors of the same aroma style. A new method of feature reduction which combined feature selection with feature extraction was proposed. Feature selection method used 8 feature-selection algorithms based on information theory and reduced the dimension of the feature space to 41. Kernel entropy component analysis was introduced into the e-nose system as a feature extraction method and the dimension of feature space was reduced to 12. Classification of Chinese liquors was performed by using back propagation artificial neural network (BP-ANN), linear discrimination analysis (LDA), and a multi-linear classifier. The classification rate of the multi-linear classifier was 97.22%, which was higher than LDA and BP-ANN. Finally the classification of Chinese liquors according to their raw materials and geographical origins was performed using the proposed multi-linear classifier and classification rate was 98.75% and 100%, respectively.

  2. Sidorenkite (Na3MnPO4CO3): A New Intercalation Cathode Material for Na-Ion Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ceder, Gerbrand

    - 180 Wh/kg) than other rechargeable batteries, such as lead-acid and Ni-Cd batteries. Na-ion batteriesSidorenkite (Na3MnPO4CO3): A New Intercalation Cathode Material for Na-Ion Batteries Hailong Chen, Cambridge, United Kingdom *S Supporting Information ABSTRACT: Na-ion batteries represent an effective energy

  3. U Gorskome kotaru kao na Strawberry Hillu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boley, Colleen; Stakun, Rebecca; Novak, Charles; Pirnat-Greenberg, Marta

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    je prvi put posjetio Hrvatsku. “Bilo je kao da sam se vratio na Hill. U Hrvatskoj sam našao istu to- plu, prijateljsku atmosferu i ista prezi- mena kojih se sje?am iz djetinjstva. Kad odem u Hrvatsku, vidim mnoge sli?no- sti sa svojim starim... toliki no- vac”, sje?a se Don. Nedugo nakon toga dobio je dozvo- lu da doveze Danijelu u SAD da godinu dana boravi kod njegove obitelji. Poletio je iz Kansas Cityja u petak uve?er, sti- gao u Zagreb u subotu ujutro i vratio se u Kansas City...

  4. Technical and economic analysis of energy efficiency of Chinese room air conditioners

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fridley, David G.; Rosenquist, Gregory; Jiang, Lin; Li, Aixian; Xin, Dingguo; Cheng, Jianhong

    2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    China has experienced tremendous growth in the production and sales of room air conditioners over the last decade. Although minimum room air conditioner energy efficiency standards have been in effect since 1989, no efforts were made during most of the 1990's to update the standard to be more reflective of current market conditions. In 1999, China's State Bureau of Technical Supervision (SBTS) included in their annual plan the development and revision of the 1989 room air conditioner standard, and experts from SBTS worked together with LBNL to analyze the new standards. Based on the engineering and life cycle-cost analyses performed, the most predominant type of room air conditioner in the Chinese market (split-type with a cooling capacity between 2500 and 4500 W (8500 Btu/h and 15,300Btu/h)) can have its efficiency increased cost-effectively to an energy efficiency ratio (EER) of 2.92 W/W (9.9 Btu/hr/W). If an EER standard of 2.92 W/W became effective in 2001, Chinese consumers would be estimated to save over 3.5 billion Yuan (420 million U.S. dollars) over the period of 2001-2020. Carbon emissions over the same period would be reduced by approximately 12 million metric tonnes.

  5. master's degree NaNotechNology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Twente, Universiteit

    master's degree NaNotechNology When choosing a Master's programme, it is wise to look one step topical, incorporating the latest developments in applied physics, nanotechnology, chemical engineering projects will be carried out at the MESA+ institute for nanotechnology, or the MIRA institute

  6. GROUPE D'ANALYSE ET DE THORIE CONOMIQUE LYON -ST TIENNE A Field Study of Chinese Migrant Workers' Attitudes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    GROUPE D'ANALYSE ET DE THÉORIE ÉCONOMIQUE LYON - ST ÉTIENNE WP 1418 A Field Study of Chinese-28May2014 #12;GATE Groupe d'Analyse et de Théorie Économique Lyon-St Étienne 93, chemin des Mouilles University, 4400 University Drive, MSN 1B2, Fairfax, VA 22030 USA. Lei Mao: mao@gate.cnrs.fr , Université de

  7. Origin of the high sensitivity of Chinese red clay soils to drought: significance of the clay characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Origin of the high sensitivity of Chinese red clay soils to drought: significance of the clay d'Ulm 75230, Paris, France *Corresponding author: Ary.Bruand@univ-orleans.fr Abstract The red clay but the origin of this high sensitivity to drought remains unclear. Several red clay soils were selected

  8. Forthcoming in the inaugural issue of Journal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies China's Economic Growth After WTO Membership

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forthcoming in the inaugural issue of Journal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies China's Economic Growth After WTO Membership Jeffrey D. Sachs Earth Institute, Columbia University 405 Low Library, MC 4335 535 West 116th Street New York, NY 10027 sachs@columbia.edu and Wing Thye Woo Economics

  9. Oil price shocks and their short-and long-term effects on the Chinese economy Weiqi Tang a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matthews, Adrian

    studies has been devoted, following Hamilton's seminal paper, to exploring the relationship between oil-priceOil price shocks and their short- and long-term effects on the Chinese economy Weiqi Tang a , Libo-correction model Oil-price shocks Price transmission mechanisms Investment Output Producer/consumer price index

  10. Construction of Civil Society Database Funded by the Chinese Studies Major Area of CUHK, the Centre for Civil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianwei

    collaboration. New Platform for Studying Air Pollution The rapid industrial developments in the Pearl43 Research Construction of Civil Society Database Funded by the Chinese Studies Major of Asia- Pacific Studies to construct a Civil Society Database (CSD). The project led by Prof. Chan Kin

  11. The Environmental Impacts of E-bikes in Chinese Cities Christopher Cherry, Institute of Transportation Studies, Berkeley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    . In 2005, over 10 million electric bikes were sold in China, which is about 3 times the amount of cars sold electric bike users might not otherwise use cars or gasoline scooters. The environmental costs of this mode@mails.tsinghua.edu.cn) Abstract Electric bikes have captured a large share of trips in many Chinese cities. They provide high

  12. Laser trapping of {sup 21}Na atoms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lu, Zheng-Tian

    1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis describes an experiment in which about four thousand radioactive {sup 21}Na (t{sub l/2} = 22 sec) atoms were trapped in a magneto-optical trap with laser beams. Trapped {sup 21}Na atoms can be used as a beta source in a precision measurement of the beta-asymmetry parameter of the decay of {sup 21}Na {yields} {sup 21}Ne + {Beta}{sup +} + v{sub e}, which is a promising way to search for an anomalous right-handed current coupling in charged weak interactions. Although the number o trapped atoms that we have achieved is still about two orders of magnitude lower than what is needed to conduct a measurement of the beta-asymmetry parameter at 1% of precision level, the result of this experiment proved the feasibility of trapping short-lived radioactive atoms. In this experiment, {sup 21}Na atoms were produced by bombarding {sup 24}Mg with protons of 25 MeV at the 88 in. Cyclotron of Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory. A few recently developed techniques of laser manipulation of neutral atoms were applied in this experiment. The {sup 21}Na atoms emerging from a heated oven were first transversely cooled. As a result, the on-axis atomic beam intensity was increased by a factor of 16. The atoms in the beam were then slowed down from thermal speed by applying Zeeman-tuned slowing technique, and subsequently loaded into a magneto-optical trap at the end of the slowing path. The last two chapters of this thesis present two studies on the magneto-optical trap of sodium atoms. In particular, the mechanisms of magneto-optical traps at various laser frequencies and the collisional loss mechanisms of these traps were examined.

  13. Art, Spirituality, and the Ethic of Care: Alternative Masculinities in Chinese American Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheung, KK

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AOo::3\\v. 535$ 243 95? W33 web. 3% DE? rmsaos msmuo Fun».man». Qmwva on Sam; RE. Oba om WEB W. m ..m1mr.na:5m_< 5%

  14. Characterization of NOx Species in Dehydrated and Hydrated Na...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NOx Species in Dehydrated and Hydrated Na- and Ba-Y, FAU Zeolites Formed in NO Adsorption. Characterization of NOx Species in Dehydrated and Hydrated Na- and Ba-Y, FAU Zeolites...

  15. Experts' perspective on the performance of Chinese technical guidelines for Plan Environmental Impact Assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    He Jia, E-mail: emmah417@hotmail.com [State Key Laboratory on Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, College of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092 (China); Sun Sun [Zhoushan Environmental Protection Bureau, Zhejiang, 316100 (China); Bao Cunkuan [State Key Laboratory on Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, College of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092 (China); Chen Fan [Environmental Engineering Assessment Center, Ministry of Environmental Protection, Beijing, 100012 (China); Jiang Dahe [UNEP-Tongji Institute of Environment for Sustainable Development, Shanghai 200092 (China)

    2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This research was to evaluate the Technical Guideline (HJ/T130-2003) effectiveness based on data resource from a questionnaire survey and interviews on EIA experts. The result demonstrated that the guideline served mainly as a quality control measure for PEIA products, and only a small proportion of experts considered it effective due to its inconsistency with the newly released Chinese PEIA Regulation (2009) and poor practicability. Current status of SEA implementation in China was also studied in terms of application fields, effectiveness evaluation, and major issues to affect SEA, to conclude that SEA implementation in China is premature, and with limited effectiveness. The major problem was the lack of effective methodologies and technical tools. Recommendations for revising the PEIA Guideline and advices to improving SEA implementation in China were accordingly proposed.

  16. Using Waste Heat for External Processes (English/Chinese) (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chinese translation of the Using Waste Heat for External Processes fact sheet. Provides suggestions on how to use waste heat in industrial applications. The temperature of exhaust gases from fuel-fired industrial processes depends mainly on the process temperature and the waste heat recovery method. Figure 1 shows the heat lost in exhaust gases at various exhaust gas temperatures and percentages of excess air. Energy from gases exhausted from higher temperature processes (primary processes) can be recovered and used for lower temperature processes (secondary processes). One example is to generate steam using waste heat boilers for the fluid heaters used in petroleum crude processing. In addition, many companies install heat exchangers on the exhaust stacks of furnaces and ovens to produce hot water or to generate hot air for space heating.

  17. Topical Review Voltage Dependence of the Na/K Pump

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gadsby, David

    Topical Review Voltage Dependence of the Na/K Pump R.F. Rakowski1 , D.C. Gadsby2 , P. De Weer3 1, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA Received: 2 August 1996/Revised: 13 September 1996 Introduction Whether Na/K pump & Rakowski, 1988). While it follows from first principles that the rate of net forward Na/K pumping must

  18. Influence of Salt Purity on Na+ and Palmitic Acid Interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Influence of Salt Purity on Na+ and Palmitic Acid Interactions Zishuai Huang, Wei Hua, Dominique of salt purity on the interactions between Na+ ions and the carboxylate (COO- ) head group of palmitic frequency generation (VSFG) spectroscopy. Ultrapure (UP) and ACS grade NaCl salts are used for aqueous

  19. Technical Paper ISSN 1997-1400 Int. J. Pavement Res. Technol. 3(5):234-240 Copyright @ Chinese Society of Pavement Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bentz, Dale P.

    Technical Paper ISSN 1997-1400 Int. J. Pavement Res. Technol. 3(5):234-240 Copyright @ Chinese Society of Pavement Engineering Vol.3 No.5 Sep. 2010 International Journal of Pavement Research

  20. Is the Communicative Language Teaching Approach More Effective Than the Grammar Translation Method at Teaching the Ba-Construction in Mandarin Chinese to American Undergraduate Students?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Jun

    2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    (CLT) with that of Grammar Translation Method (GT) at teaching Chinese as a foreign language (CFL). The present study fills this gap. The purpose of this study is to investigate quantitatively which method is more effective at teaching the ba...

  1. O:\\Seminar (SEM)\\2014\\IE Seminars\\sem2214_Sid Chau_DMC_250814.docx THE CHINESE UNIVERSITY OF HONG KONG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianwei

    The Chinese University of Hong Kong Abstract While apps have emerged in everywhere from smartphones and experiences about cybersecurity hacking into modern vehicles. Biography Sid Chi-Kin Chau is an assistant

  2. Taipei mobility : gone in less than 300 seconds : mixed modality transportation system in dense mixed-use urban fabric, take Taipei City for example

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chuang, Chih-Chao

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Urban designers and planners always try to tackle the urban issues from spatial, cultural and economical point of views; However, sometimes these issues were limited or, even more, created by current transportation system. ...

  3. Comparative studies of etching mechanisms of CR-39 in NaOH/H2O and NaOH/ethanol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, K.N.

    Comparative studies of etching mechanisms of CR-39 in NaOH/H2O and NaOH/ethanol K.C.C. Tse, D Avenue, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong Available online 13 May 2007 Abstract The bulk etch rate for CR-39 in NaOH/ethanol accumulates on the surface of CR-39 detector during etching in NaOH/ethanol, which is absent during etching

  4. Penning and associative ionization in crossed-beam Na/Na collisions assisted by strong resonant laser fields

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weiner, J.; Polak-Dingels, P.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We observe the production of Na/sub 2//sup +/ and Na/sup +/ arising from single collisions between crossed beams of sodium atoms when a laser field is tuned near the Na(3p /sup 2/P/sub 3/2/) and Na(3p /sup 2/P/sub 1/2/) transitions. Measurements of ion intensity vs laser intensity show that at moderately high power true laser-induced processes dominate over purely collisional effects. Relative intensity of mass-selected ions produced at either member of the Na resonance doublet shows conclusively that Na/sup +/ does not arise simply from photodissociation of Na/sub 2//sup +/ but must result from a direct, laser-induced collisional ionization.

  5. Supporting Information Ionic Binding of Na+

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1350 1400 1450 1500 1550 0.00 0.05 0.10 0.15 0.20 D31 - PA - pH 1.0 (PPP) D31 - PA - pH 13.3 (PPP) Frequency (cm -1 ) SFGIntensity(a.u.) Figure S1. ppp VSFG spectra of D31-PA monolayers on water with p.08 0.12 D31 - PA - 0.6 M NaCl (PPP) 0.00 0.04 0.08 0.12 D31 - PA - 0.6 M KCl (PPP) 1300 1350 1400 1450

  6. na-00 | National Nuclear Security Administration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron4 Self-Scrubbing:,, , (Energy97 UpperJointmoveLINQ PIA,na-00 | National

  7. Effects of air pollution on children's respiratory health in three Chinese cities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Qian, Z.; Chapman, R.S.; Tian, Q.; Chen, Y.; Lioy, P.J.; Zhang, J.

    2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the winter of 1988--1989, parents of 2,789 elementary-school students completed standardized questionnaires. The students were 5--14 y of age and were from three urban districts and one suburban district of three large Chinese cities. The 4-y average ambient levels of total suspended particles in the three cities differed greatly during the period 1985--1988: Lanzhou, 1,067 {micro}g/m{sup 3}; urban Wuhan, 406 {micro}g/m{sup 3}; Guangzhou, 296 {micro}g/m{sup 3}; and suburban Wuhan, 191 {micro}g/m{sup 3}. The authors constructed unconditional logistic-regression models to calculate odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for prevalences of several respiratory symptoms and illnesses, adjusted for district, use of coal in the home, and parental smoking status. There was a positive and significant association between total suspended particle levels and the adjusted odds ratios for couch, phlegm, hospitalization for diseases, and pneumonia. This association was derived from only the 1,784 urban children and, therefore, the authors were unable to extrapolate it to the suburban children. The results also indicated that parental smoking status was associated with cough and phlegm, and use of coal in the home was associated only with cough prevalence.

  8. Install Waste Heat Recovery Systems for Fuel-Fired Furnaces (English/Chinese) (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chinese translation of ITP fact sheet about installing Waste Heat Recovery Systems for Fuel-Fired Furnaces. For most fuel-fired heating equipment, a large amount of the heat supplied is wasted as exhaust or flue gases. In furnaces, air and fuel are mixed and burned to generate heat, some of which is transferred to the heating device and its load. When the heat transfer reaches its practical limit, the spent combustion gases are removed from the furnace via a flue or stack. At this point, these gases still hold considerable thermal energy. In many systems, this is the greatest single heat loss. The energy efficiency can often be increased by using waste heat gas recovery systems to capture and use some of the energy in the flue gas. For natural gas-based systems, the amount of heat contained in the flue gases as a percentage of the heat input in a heating system can be estimated by using Figure 1. Exhaust gas loss or waste heat depends on flue gas temperature and its mass flow, or in practical terms, excess air resulting from combustion air supply and air leakage into the furnace. The excess air can be estimated by measuring oxygen percentage in the flue gases.

  9. Projection of Chinese motor vehicle growth, oil demand, and CO{sub 2}emissions through 2050.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, M.; Huo, H.; Johnson, L.; He, D.

    2006-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

    As the vehicle population in China increases, oil consumption and carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) emissions associated with on-road transportation are rising dramatically. During this study, we developed a methodology to project trends in the growth of the vehicle population, oil demand, and CO{sub 2} emissions associated with on-road transportation in China. By using this methodology, we projected--separately--the number of highway vehicles, motorcycles, and rural vehicles in China through 2050. We used three scenarios of highway vehicle growth (high-, mid-, and low-growth) to reflect patterns of motor vehicle growth that have occurred in different parts of the world (i.e., Europe and Asia). All are essentially business-as-usual scenarios in that almost none of the countries we examined has made concerted efforts to manage vehicle growth or to offer serious alternative transportation means to satisfy people's mobility needs. With this caveat, our projections showed that by 2030, China could have more highway vehicles than the United States has today, and by 2035, it could have the largest number of highway vehicles in the world. By 2050, China could have 486-662 million highway vehicles, 44 million motorcycles, and 28 million rural vehicles. These numbers, which assume essentially unmanaged vehicle growth, would result in potentially disastrous effects on the urban infrastructure, resources, and other social and ecological aspects of life in China. We designed three fuel economy scenarios, from conservative to aggressive, on the basis of current policy efforts and expectations of near-future policies in China and in developed countries. It should be noted that these current and near-future policies have not taken into consideration the significant potential for further fuel economy improvements offered by advanced technologies such as electric drive technologies (e.g., hybrid electric vehicles and fuel-cell vehicles). By using vehicle growth projections and potential vehicle fuel economy, we projected that China's on-road vehicles could consume approximately 614-1016 million metric tons of oil per year (12.4-20.6 million barrels per day) and could emit 1.9-3.2 billion metric tons of CO{sub 2} per year in 2050, which will put tremendous pressure on the balance of the Chinese and world oil supply and demand and could have significant implications on climate change. Our analysis shows that, while improvements in vehicle fuel economy are crucial for reducing transportation energy use, containing the growth of the vehicle population could have an even more profound effect on oil use and CO{sub 2} emissions. This benefit is in addition to other societal and environmental benefits--such as reduced congestion, land use, and urban air pollution--that will result from containing vehicle population growth. Developing public transportation systems for personal travel and rail and other modes for freight transportation will be important for containing the growth of motor vehicles in China. Although the population of passenger cars will far exceed that of all truck types in China in the future, our analysis shows that oil use by and CO{sub 2} emissions from the Chinese truck fleet will be far larger than those related to Chinese passenger cars because trucks are very use intensive (more vehicle miles traveled per year) and energy intensive (lower fuel economy). Unfortunately, the potential for improving fuel economy and reducing air pollutant emissions for trucks has not been fully explored; such efforts are needed. Considering the rapid depletion of the world's oil reserve, the heightened global interest in addressing greenhouse gas emissions, and the geopolitical complications of global oil supply and demand, the study results suggest that unmanaged vehicle growth and limited improvements in vehicle fuel efficiency will lead to an unsustainable and unstable transportation system in China. In other words, while our projections do not definitively indicate what will happen in the Chinese transportation sector by 2050, they do demonstrate

  10. Results from the NA62 2014 Commissioning Run

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dario Soldi

    2015-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The main purpose of the NA62 experiment is to measure the branching ratio of the (ultra) rare decay $K+ \\rightarrow {\\pi}+{\

  11. Angular distributions of photoelectrons from free Na clusters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wopperer, P.; Dinh, P. M. [Universite de Toulouse, UPS, Laboratoire de Physique Theorique, IRSAMC, F-31062 Toulouse Cedex, France and CNRS, UMR 5152, F-31062 Toulouse Cedex (France); Faber, B.; Reinhard, P.-G. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Erlangen, D-91058 Erlangen (Germany); Suraud, E. [Universite de Toulouse, UPS, Laboratoire de Physique Theorique, IRSAMC, F-31062 Toulouse Cedex, France and CNRS, UMR 5152, F-31062 Toulouse Cedex (France); Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Erlangen, D-91058 Erlangen (Germany)

    2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We explore, from a theoretical perspective, photoelectron angular distributions (PADs) of the Na clusters Na{sub 8}, Na{sub 10}, Na{sub 12}, Na{sub 18}, Na{sub 3}{sup +}, Na{sub 11}{sup +}, Na{sub 13}{sup +}, and Na{sub 19}{sup +}. The basis of the description is the time-dependent local-density approximation (TDLDA), augmented by a self-interaction correction (SIC) to describe ionization properties correctly. The scheme is solved on a numerical grid in coordinate space with absorbing bounds. We assume for each cluster system an isotropic ensemble of free clusters and develop for the case of one-photon emission analytical formulas for computing the orientation-averaged PAD on the basis of a few TDLDA-SIC calculations for properly chosen reference orientations. It turns out that all the information in the averaged PAD is contained in one anisotropy parameter. We find that this parameter varies very little with system size, but as a whole is crucially influenced by the detailed ionic structure. We also make comparisons with direct orientation averaging and consider one example reaching outside the perturbative regime.

  12. Results from the NA62 2014 Commissioning Run

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soldi, Dario

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The main purpose of the NA62 experiment is to measure the branching ratio of the (ultra) rare decay $K+ \\rightarrow {\\pi}+{\

  13. Office of Nuclear Material Integration (ONMI), NA-73

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    U.S. as well as Imports and Exports Jointly funded by the NRC & NNSA - Managed by NA-73 Fuel Cycle Facilities Conversion Enrichment Fuel Fabrication Power Reactors,...

  14. alvo molecular na: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    relacionar as percepes de identidade profissional dos docentes de educao infantil com (more) Leito, Zuleica Maria Tavares de Brito 2013-01-01 122 for the NA48...

  15. armazenamento na energia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Rey Juan Carlos, Universidad 3 Portugal lidera consrcio envolvido na produo de "energia limpa, segura e abundante" Engineering Websites Summary: ) - A produo de...

  16. ambientais envolvidos na: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Elisa Flvia Luiz Cardoso 2014-01-01 4 Portugal lidera consrcio envolvido na produo de "energia limpa, segura e abundante" Engineering Websites Summary: ) - A produo de...

  17. alta energia na: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Leonardo Oliveira Ferreira 2006-01-01 2 Portugal lidera consrcio envolvido na produo de "energia limpa, segura e abundante" Engineering Websites Summary: ) - A produo de...

  18. Pion and kaon freezeout in NA44

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NA44 Collaboration

    1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The NA44 spectrometer is optimized for the study of single and two-particle particle spectra near mid-rapidity for transverse momenta below {approx} 1 GeV/c. A large fraction of all pairs in the spectrometer`s acceptance are at low relative momenta, resulting in small statistical uncertainties on the extracted size parameters. In addition, the spectrometer`s clean particle identification allows the authors to measure correlation functions for pions, kaons, and protons. This contribution will concentrate on the source size parameters determined from pion and kaon correlation functions. These size parameters will be compared to calculations from the RQMD event generator and also interpreted in the context of a hydrodynamic model. Finally, the measured single particle spectra will be examined from the viewpoint of hydrodynamics.

  19. Crnica I Encontro Solar na UDC O pasado mrcores 24 de abril tivo lugar na Praza da Fraga (Campus da

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraguela, Basilio B.

    /informativos/os-universitarios-da-coruna-comparten-unha-xornada-de- gastronomia-solar-573783 http://www.lavozdegalicia.es/noticia/coruna/2013/04/24/cocina-universitaria-energiaCrónica I Encontro Solar na UDC O pasado mércores 24 de abril tivo lugar na Praza da Fraga (Campus da Zapateira) a primeira edición do Encontro Solar na UDC. Esta era a terceira das actividades

  20. TorqueSpeed Relationships of Na+ -driven Chimeric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berry, Richard

    , H+ in Escherichia coli and Na+ in marine Vibrio species, driven by an inward-directed electrochemiTorque­Speed Relationships of Na+ -driven Chimeric Flagellar Motors in Escherichia coli Yuichi in Escherichia coli promises to reveal the mechanism of the motor in unprecedented detail. We measured torque

  1. An inquiry into the concept of SEA effectiveness: Towards criteria for Chinese practice

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bina, Olivia, E-mail: o.c.bina.92@cantab.net [Instituto de Ciencias Socias, Universidade de Lisboa (Portugal) and Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong (Hong Kong); Jing Wu, E-mail: wujing@nankai.edu.cn [College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Nankai University, Tianjin, 300071 (China); Brown, Lex, E-mail: Lex.Brown@griffith.edu.au [Urban Research Program, Griffith School of Environment, Griffith University, Nathan 4111, Brisbane (Australia); Partidario, Maria Rosario, E-mail: mrp@civil.ist.utl.pt [Dept Civil Engineering and Architecture (gab 3.41.1) - Instituto Superior Tecnico (IST), Technical University of Lisbon, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 LISBOA (Portugal)

    2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The importance of improving the effectiveness of Plan EIA and SEA-type evaluations in China cannot be overstated: at a time when the country's economy is being boosted by a stimulus package worth over RMB 400 trillion - largely for infrastructure - the pressure on China's already strained environment and resource base is bound to increase. The aim is to propose the criteria for plan EIA's effectiveness to raise the awareness of the need to strengthen the performance of the assessment and maximize its potential benefits. The authors first review critically the discourse on the effectiveness of the impact assessment, identifying three dimensions: substantive, procedural and incremental. The resulting conceptual framework allows them to interpret the weaknesses of the Chinese discourse on the effectiveness and of the practice of the Plan EIA to date. The result is the identification of a clear gap, both in terms of the breadth of the concept, and in terms of the quality of the existing criteria, which tend to be very generic to the point of inapplicability. The analysis also reveals a need for transitioning from formal models of the Plan EIA to more strategic approaches, in a gradual manner that is consistent with context-specificities. The proposal of a set of preliminary criteria for effectiveness is therefore structured on three levels. This framework is meant to input into the ongoing debate on how to improve the practice of PEIA and the SEA-type evaluations in China, and provide ideas for a government strategy aimed at maximizing the positive impact of PEIAs on planning, as well as on the context of application.

  2. Analytical Potential Energy Surface for the Na + HF NaF + H reaction: Application of Conventional Transition-State Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Analytical Potential Energy Surface for the Na + HF NaF + H reaction: Application of Conventional Transition-State Theory Alessandra F. A. Vilela, Ricardo Gargano a Patr´icia R.P. Barreto b a Instituto de from calculation of the rate constant using con- ventional Transition State Theory (TST

  3. 2011 IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems June 27-30, 2011, Taipei, Taiwan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Granada, Universidad de

    the effectiveness of the proposed approach. Index Terms--Interaction Systems, Domotic Control Systems, Laser Pointer laser spot. In this event, a wrong order is sent to the domotic system which could provoke un

  4. Structural systems and tuned mass dampers of super-tall buildings : case study of Taipei 101

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kourakis, Ioannis

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The design of the first generation of skyscrapers was based on strength. Heavy masonry cladding and wall curtains used at that period added a considerable amount of stiffness and damping to the structure. Inter-storey ...

  5. Modeling the Dynamics of Desakota Regions: Global - Local Nexus in the Taipei Metropolitan Area

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Bing-Sheng

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the 1970s, Asia has experienced rapid urbanization processes, which are distinct from U.S. society, and the direction of Asian urbanization is more strongly affected by economic globalization. The desakota model, proposed by McGee and Ginsburg...

  6. Scintillation efficiency measurement of Na recoils in NaI(Tl) below the DAMA/LIBRA energy threshold

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Jingke; Calaprice, Frank; Westerdale, Shawn; Froborg, Francis; Suerfu, Burkhant; Alexander, Thomas; Aprahamian, Ani; Back, Henning O; Casarella, Clark; Fang, Xiao; Gupta, Yogesh K; Ianni, Aldo; Lamere, Edward; Lippincott, W Hugh; Liu, Qian; Lyons, Stephanie; Siegl, Kevin; Smith, Mallory; Tan, Wanpeng; Kolk, Bryant Vande

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The dark matter interpretation of the DAMA modulation signal depends on the NaI(Tl) scintillation efficiency of nuclear recoils. Previous measurements for Na recoils have large discrepancies, especially in the DAMA/LIBRA modulation energy region. We report a quenching effect measurement of Na recoils in NaI(Tl) from 3keV$_{\\text{nr}}$ to 52keV$_{\\text{nr}}$, covering the whole DAMA/LIBRA energy region for light WIMP interpretations. By using a low-energy, pulsed neutron beam, a double time-of-flight technique, and pulse-shape discrimination methods, we obtained the most accurate measurement of this kind for NaI(Tl) to date. The results differ significantly from the DAMA reported values at low energies, but fall between the other previous measurements. We present the implications of the new quenching results for the dark matter interpretation of the DAMA modulation signal.

  7. On the 21Na(p,gamma)22Mg thermonuclear rate for 22Na production in novae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nadya A. Smirnova; Alain Coc

    2000-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Classical novae are potential sources of gamma-rays, like the 1.275 MeV gamma emission following 22Na beta decay, that could be detected by appropriate instruments on board of future satellites like INTEGRAL. It has been shown that the production of 22Na by novae is affected by the uncertainty on the 21Na(p,gamma)22Mg rate and in particular by the unknown partial widths of the Ex = 5.714 MeV, J^pi = 2^+, 22Mg level. To reduce these uncertainties, we performed shell model calculations with the OXBASH code, compared the results with available spectroscopic data and calculated the missing partial widths. Finally, we discuss the influence of these results on the 21Na(p,gamma)22Mg reaction rate and 22Na synthesis.

  8. EUV micro-exposure tool at 0.5 NA for sub-16 nm lithography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldstein, Michael

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    25 nn has been achievedand a 0.5 NA micro- for Benefit opticprocesstechnologynode. A two-mirror 0.5 NA optical designisshown in figure 2. All are 0.5 NA (MET2) designs constrained

  9. Urinary 1-hydroxypyrene concentrations in Chinese coke oven workers relative to job category, respirator usage, and cigarette smoking

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bo Chen; Yunping Hu; Lixing Zheng; Qiangyi Wang; Yuanfen Zhou; Taiyi Jin [Fudan University, Shanghai (China). School of Public Health

    2007-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    1-Hydroxypyrene (1-OHP) is a biomarker of recent exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). We investigated whether urinary 1-OHP concentrations in Chinese coke oven workers (COWs) are modulated by job category, respirator usage, and cigarette smoking. The present cross-sectional study measured urinary 1-OHP concentrations in 197 COWs from Coking plant I and 250 COWs from Coking plant II, as well as 220 unexposed referents from Control plant I and 56 referents from Control plant II. Urinary 1-OHP concentrations (geometric mean, {mu}mol/mol creatinine) were 5.18 and 4.21 in workers from Coking plants I and II, respectively. The highest 1-OHP levels in urine were found among topside workers including lidmen, tar chasers, and whistlers. Benchmen had higher 1-OHP levels than other workers at the sideoven. Above 75% of the COWs exceeded the recommended occupational exposure limit of 2.3 {mu}mol/mol creatinine. Respirator usage and increased body mass index (BMI) slightly reduced 1-OHP levels in COWs. Cigarette smoking significantly increased urinary 1-OHP levels in unexposed referents but had no effect in COWs. Chinese COWs, especially topside workers and benchmen, are exposed to high levels of PAHs. Urinary 1-OHP concentrations appear to be modulated by respirator usage and BMI in COWs, as well as by smoking in unexposed referents.

  10. auto-anticorpos na artrite: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  11. anti-sepsia intrabucal na: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  12. anticorpos anti-mielina na: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  13. ansa-tsirkonotsenov na ikh: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  14. auto-estima na funcionalidade: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  15. anti-cd20 na terapia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  16. autonomia na auto-reconquista: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na monocarboxylate transport (SMCT) protein expression correlates with survival in colon cancer, 2006) We report an extensive characterization of the Na monocarboxy- late...

  17. O3-type Na(Mn?.??Fe?.??Co?.??Ni?.??)O?: a quaternary layered cathode compound for rechargeable Na ion batteries

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Li, Xi [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering; Zhou, Yong-Ning [Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Wu, Di [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering; Liu, Lei [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering; Ceder, Gerbrand [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering; Yang, Xiao-Qing [Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)

    2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report a new layered Na(Mn?.??Fe?.??Co?.??Ni?.??)O? compound with O3 oxygen stacking. It delivers 180 mAh/g initial discharge capacity and 578 Wh/kg specific energy density with good cycling capability at high cutoff voltage. In situ X-ray diffraction (XRD) shows a reversible structure evolution of O3-P3-O3'-O3'' upon Na de-intercalation. The excellent capacity and cycling performance at high cutoff voltage make it an important model system for studying the general issue of capacity fading in layered Na cathode compounds.

  18. Prospects for $K^+ \\to ?^+ ?\\bar{ ?}$ at CERN in NA62

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Aglieri Rinella; R. Aliberti; F. Ambrosino; B. Angelucci; A. Antonelli; G. Anzivino; R. Arcidiacono; I. Azhinenko; S. Balev; J. Bendotti; A. Biagioni; C. Biino; A. Bizzeti; T. Blazek; A. Blik; B. Bloch-Devaux; V. Bolotov; V. Bonaiuto; M. Bragadireanu; D. Britton; G. Britvich; N. Brook; F. Bucci; V. Buescher; F. Butin; E. Capitolo; C. Capoccia; T. Capussela; V. Carassiti; N. Cartiglia; A. Cassese; A. Catinaccio; A. Cecchetti; A. Ceccucci; P. Cenci; V. Cerny; C. Cerri; O. Chikilev; R. Ciaranfi; G. Collazuol; P. Cooke; P. Cooper; G. Corradi; E. Cortina Gil; F. Costantini; A. Cotta Ramusino; D. Coward; G. D'Agostini; J. Dainton; P. Dalpiaz; H. Danielsson; J. Degrange; N. De Simone; D. Di Filippo; L. Di Lella; N. Dixon; N. Doble; V. Duk; V. Elsha; J. Engelfried; T. Enik; V. Falaleev; R. Fantechi; L. Federici; M. Fiorini; J. Fry; A. Fucci; L. Fulton; S. Gallorini; L. Gatignon; A. Gianoli; S. Giudici; L. Glonti; A. Goncalves Martins; F. Gonnella; E. Goudzovski; R. Guida; E. Gushchin; F. Hahn; B. Hallgren; H. Heath; F. Herman; D. Hutchcroft; E. Iacopini; O. Jamet; P. Jarron; K. Kampf; J. Kaplon; V. Karjavin; V. Kekelidze; S. Kholodenko; G. Khoriauli; A. Khudyakov; Yu. Kiryushin; K. Kleinknecht; A. Kluge; M. Koval; V. Kozhuharov; M. Krivda; Y. Kudenko; J. Kunze; G. Lamanna; C. Lazzeroni; R. Leitner; R. Lenci; M. Lenti; E. Leonardi; P. Lichard; R. Lietava; L. Litov; D. Lomidze; A. Lonardo; N. Lurkin; D. Madigozhin; G. Maire; A. Makarov; I. Mannelli; G. Mannocchi; A. Mapelli; F. Marchetto; P. Massarotti; K. Massri; P. Matak; G. Mazza; E. Menichetti; M. Mirra; M. Misheva; N. Molokanova; J. Morant; M. Morel; M. Moulson; S. Movchan; D. Munday; M. Napolitano; F. Newson; A. Norton; M. Noy; G. Nuessle; V. Obraztsov; S. Padolski; R. Page; V. Palladino; A. Pardons; E. Pedreschi; M. Pepe; F. Perez Gomez; M. Perrin-Terrin; P. Petrov; F. Petrucci; R. Piandani; M. Piccini; D. Pietreanu; J. Pinzino; M. Pivanti; I. Polenkevich; I. Popov; Yu. Potrebenikov; D. Protopopescu; F. Raffaelli; M. Raggi; P. Riedler; A. Romano; P. Rubin; G. Ruggiero; V. Russo; V. Ryjov; A. Salamon; G. Salina; V. Samsonov; E. Santovetti; G. Saracino; F. Sargeni; S. Schifano; V. Semenov; A. Sergi; M. Serra; S. Shkarovskiy; A. Sotnikov; V. Sougonyaev; M. Sozzi; T. Spadaro; F. Spinella; R. Staley; M. Statera; P. Sutcliffe; N. Szilasi; D. Tagnani; M. Valdata-Nappi; P. Valente; M. Vasile; V. Vassilieva; B. Velghe; M. Veltri; S. Venditti; M. Vormstein; H. Wahl; R. Wanke; P. Wertelaers; A. Winhart; R. Winston; B. Wrona; O. Yushchenko; M. Zamkovsky; A. Zinchenko

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The NA62 experiment will begin taking data in 2015. Its primary purpose is a 10% measurement of the branching ratio of the ultrarare kaon decay $K^+ \\to \\pi^+ \

  19. Chinese Journal of Polar Science, Vol. 19, No.2, 218 -229, December 2008 A coupled ice-ocean ecosystem model for I-D and 3-D applica-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chinese Journal of Polar Science, Vol. 19, No.2, 218 - 229, December 2008 A coupled ice and Chukchi Seas is strongly influenced by the annual cycle of sea ice. Here pelagic and sea ice algal ecosystems coexist and interact with each other. Ecosystem modeling of sea ice associated phytoplankton

  20. Journal of Machine Learning Research 12 (2011) 2383-2410 Submitted 10/09; Revised 12/10; Published 8/10 Distance Dependent Chinese Restaurant Processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blei, David M.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    8/10 Distance Dependent Chinese Restaurant Processes David M. Blei BLEI@CS.PRINCETON.EDU Department; Daume, 2007; Blei and Jordan, 2005). DP mixtures have become a valuable tool in modern machine learning are identified with data points, and data sitting at the same c 2011 David M. Blei and Peter I. Frazier. #12;BLEI

  1. Visit of Chinese Delegation from CQUST (Chongqing University of Science and Technology) PR China and Covanta Energy to EEC (Earth and Engineering Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Visit of Chinese Delegation from CQUST (Chongqing University of Science and Technology) PR China and Covanta Energy to EEC (Earth and Engineering Center of Columbia University), April 13, 2012 CQUST, Politics, Economy & Trade), Zhixiang Yu (Director, Department of Higher Education Research), Chaoping Ba

  2. Wuhan Logistics Platform Smarter City & Smarter Logistics In March 2009, the Chinese State Council issued the "Plan for the Restructure and Revitalization of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wuhan Logistics Platform ­ Smarter City & Smarter Logistics Background In March 2009, the Chinese State Council issued the "Plan for the Restructure and Revitalization of the Logistics Industry". The government plan is for China to build up a modern logistics industry based on information integration

  3. March 10, 2011 / Vol. 9, No. 3 / CHINESE OPTICS LETTERS 033201-1 Analysis of ultra-short pulse shaping with programmable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kavehrad, Mohsen

    .033201. Ultra-short pulsed lasers have recently been considered for optical wireless communications and ultra a train of ultra-short pulses at a repetition rate, fr, which is determined by the laser cavity lengthMarch 10, 2011 / Vol. 9, No. 3 / CHINESE OPTICS LETTERS 033201-1 Analysis of ultra-short pulse

  4. University of California, Davis, California Materials Sci. & Engr.Ph.D. 2008 Shanghai Inst. of Ceramics, Chinese Acad. Sci., Shanghai, China Materials Sci. & Engr.M.S. 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    Inst. of Ceramics, Chinese Acad. Sci., Shanghai, China Materials Sci. & Engr.M.S. 2003 Jilin University, Changchun, China Materials Science B.S. 1997 Research Synopsis Structure-property-performance of nano, Shanghai, China Honors and Awards 2006-2008 Lawrence Graduate Student Research Fellowship at Lawrence

  5. Hormonal Regulation of the Polarized Function and Distribution of Na/H Exchange and Na/HC03

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Machen, Terry E.

    as the Na-dependent, amiloride-sensitive component of pHi recovery from an acid load induced by a pulse proteins have been discovered: direct tar- geting ofnewly synthesized proteins fromthe Golgi complex

  6. Hygroscopic Growth and Deliquescence of NaCl Nanoparticles Coated with Surfactant Ahmad Alshawa,,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nizkorodov, Sergey

    Hygroscopic Growth and Deliquescence of NaCl Nanoparticles Coated with Surfactant AOT Ahmad AlshawaVember 09, 2008; ReVised Manuscript ReceiVed: February 13, 2009 Aerosolized nanoparticles of NaCl coated of surfactant on the hygroscopic growth of NaCl were studied. For pure NaCl nanoparticles, the deliquescence

  7. Low doses of alpha particles do not induce sister chromatid exchanges in bystander Chinese hamster cells defective in homologous recombination

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nagasawa, H; Wilson, P F; Chen, D J; Thompson, L H; Bedford, J S; Little, J B

    2007-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We reported previously that the homologous recombinational repair (HRR)-deficient Chinese hamster mutant cell line irs3 (deficient in the Rad51 paralog Rad51C) showed only a 50% spontaneous frequency of sister chromatid exchange (SCE) as compared to parental wild-type V79 cells. Furthermore, when irradiated with very low doses of alpha particles, SCEs were not induced in irs3 cells, as compared to a prominent bystander effect observed in V79 cells (Nagasawa et al., Radiat. Res. 164, 141-147, 2005). In the present study, we examined additional Chinese hamster cell lines deficient in the Rad51 paralogs Rad51C, Rad51D, Xrcc2, and Xrcc3 as well as another essential HRR protein, Brca2. Spontaneous SCE frequencies in non-irradiated wild-type cell lines CHO, AA8 and V79 were 0.33 SCE/chromosome, whereas two Rad51C-deficient cell lines showed only 0.16 SCE/chromosome. Spontaneous SCE frequencies in cell lines defective in Rad51D, Xrcc2, Xrcc3, and Brca2 ranged from 0.23-0.33 SCE/chromosome, 0-30% lower than wild-type cells. SCEs were induced significantly 20-50% above spontaneous levels in wild-type cells exposed to a mean dose of 1.3 mGy of alpha particles (<1% of nuclei traversed by an alpha particle). However, induction of SCEs above spontaneous levels was minimal or absent after {alpha}-particle irradiation in all of the HRR-deficient cell lines. These data suggest that Brca2 and the Rad51 paralogs contribute to DNA damage repair processes induced in bystander cells (presumably oxidative damage repair in S-phase cells) following irradiation with very low doses of alpha particles.

  8. Beyond Conventional Cathode Materials for Li-ion Batteries and Na-ion Batteries Nickel fluoride conversion materials and P2 type Na-ion intercalation cathodes /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Dae Hoe

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    graphite negative electrode for lithium-ion batteries.batteries. The Na anode materials must not be overlooked since graphite-

  9. Measurement of low-energy Na^+ -- Na total collision rate in an ion--neutral hybrid trap

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, D S; Kwolek, J M; Blümel, R; Narducci, F A; Smith, W W

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present measurements of the total elastic and resonant charge-exchange ion-atom collision rate coefficient $k_\\mathrm{ia}$ of cold sodium (\\ce{Na}) with optically-dark low energy \\ce{Na+} ions in a hybrid ion-neutral trap. To determine $k_\\mathrm{ia}$, we measured the trap loading and loss from both a \\ce{Na} magneto-optical trap (MOT) and a linear radio frequency quadrupole Paul trap. We found the total rate coefficient to be $7.4 \\pm 1.9 \\times 10^{-8}$ cm$^3$/s for the type I \\ce{Na} MOT immersed within an $\\approx 140$ K ion cloud and $1.10 \\pm 0.25 \\times 10^{-7}$ cm$^3$/s for the type II \\ce{Na} MOT within an $\\approx 1070$ K ion cloud. Our measurements show excellent agreement with previously reported theoretical fully quantal \\textit{ab initio} calculations. In the process of determining the total rate coefficient, we demonstrate that a MOT can be used to probe an optically dark ion cloud's spatial distribution within a hybrid trap.

  10. The NA62 Liquid Krypton Electromagnetic Calorimeter Level 0 Trigger

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Bonaiuto; A. Fucci; G. Paoluzzi; A. Salamon; G. Salina; E. Santovetti; F. Sargeni; F. M. Scarfi'

    2012-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The NA62 experiment at CERN SPS aims to measure the Branching Ratio of the very rare kaon decay K+ -> pi+ nu nubar collecting O(100) events with a 10% background to make a stringent test of the Standard Model. One of the main backgrounds to the proposed measurement is represented by the K+ -> pi+ pi0 decay. To suppress this background an efficient photo veto system is foreseen. In the 1-10 mrad angular region the NA48 high performance liquid krypton electromagnetic calorimeter is used. The design, implementation and current status of the Liquid Krypton Electromagnetic Calorimeter Level 0 Trigger are presented.

  11. The NA62 Liquid Krypton Electromagnetic Calorimeter Level 0 Trigger

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vincenzo Bonaiuto; Adolfo Fucci; Giovanni Paoluzzi; Andrea Salamon; Gaetano Salina; Emanuele Santovetti; Fausto Sargeni; Francesco M. Scarfi'

    2012-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The NA62 experiment at CERN SPS aims to measure the Branching Ratio of the very rare kaon decay K+ -> pi+ nu nubar collecting O(100) events with a 10% background to make a stringent test of the Standard Model. One of the main backgrounds to the proposed measurement is represented by the K+ -> pi+ pi0 decay. To suppress this background an efficient photo veto system is foreseen. In the 1-10 mrad angular region the NA48 high performance liquid krypton electromagnetic calorimeter is used. The design, implementation and current status of the Liquid Krypton Electromagnetic Calorimeter Level 0 Trigger are presented.

  12. Investigation of thermonuclear $^{18}$Ne($?$,$p$)$^{21}$Na rate via resonant elastic scattering of $^{21}$Na+$p$

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Y. Zhang; J. J. He; A. Parikh; S. W. Xu; H. Yamaguchi; D. Kahl; S. Kubono; P. Mohr; J. Hu; P. Ma; S. Z. Chen; Y. Wakabayashi; H. W. Wang; W. D. Tian; R. F. Chen; B. Guo; T. Hashimoto; Y. Togano; S. Hayakawa; T. Teranishi; N. Iwasa; T. Yamada; T. Komatsubara; Y. H. Zhang; X. H. Zhou

    2014-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The $^{18}$Ne($\\alpha$,$p$)$^{21}$Na reaction is thought to be one of the key breakout reactions from the hot CNO cycles to the rp-process in type I x-ray bursts. In this work, the resonant properties of the compound nucleus $^{22}$Mg have been investigated by measuring the resonant elastic scattering of $^{21}$Na+$p$. An 89 MeV $^{21}$Na radioactive beam delivered from the CNS Radioactive Ion Beam Separator bombarded an 8.8 mg/cm$^2$ thick polyethylene (CH$_{2}$)$_{n}$ target. The $^{21}$Na beam intensity was about 2$\\times$10$^{5}$ pps, with a purity of about 70% on target. The recoiled protons were measured at the center-of-mass scattering angles of $\\theta_{c.m.}$$\\approx$175.2${^\\circ}$, 152.2${^\\circ}$, and 150.5${^\\circ}$ by three sets of $\\Delta E$-$E$ telescopes, respectively. The excitation function was obtained with the thick-target method over energies $E_x$($^{22}$Mg)=5.5--9.2 MeV. In total, 23 states above the proton-threshold in $^{22}$Mg were observed, and their resonant parameters were determined via an $R$-matrix analysis of the excitation functions. We have made several new $J^{\\pi}$ assignments and confirmed some tentative assignments made in previous work. The thermonuclear $^{18}$Ne($\\alpha$,$p$)$^{21}$Na rate has been recalculated based on our recommended spin-parity assignments. The astrophysical impact of our new rate has been investigated through one-zone postprocessing x-ray burst calculations. We find that the $^{18}$Ne($\\alpha$,$p$)$^{21}$Na rate significantly affects the peak nuclear energy generation rate, reaction fluxes, as well as the onset temperature of this breakout reaction in these astrophysical phenomena.

  13. Observation of structure in laser-induced Penning and associative ionization in crossed-beam Na+Na collisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Polak-Dingels, P.; Delpech, J.; Weiner, J.

    1980-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The results of double-laser experiments in which Na/sup +//sub 2/ and Na/sup +/ are produced in crossed-alkali beams under single-collision conditions in the presence of strong optical fields are reported. Structure in the mass-selected product ion intensity as a function laser frequency is observed when the optical field is strongly focused and tuned far off atomic or dimer transitions. These measurements are the first to show that nuclear motion of the quasimolecular collision intermediate plays an important role in laser-induced collisional ionization.

  14. Rate coefficient for the chemi-ionization in slow Li*(n)+Li and Na*(n)+Na collisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ignjatovic, Lj.M.; Mihajlov, A.A. [Institute of Physics, P. O. Box 68, 11080 Zemun, Belgrade (Serbia and Montenegro)

    2005-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The chemi-ionization processes in slow-atom-Rydberg-atom collisions are considered in this paper. A version of the semiclassical method of rate coefficient calculation that is free of the presumptions which significantly limited its applicability previously is presented. The method is applied to the cases of Li*(n)+Li and Na*(n)+Na collisions for the principal quantum numbers 5{<=}n{<=}25 and temperatures 600{<=}T{<=}1200 K. The results of calculation of the rate coefficients of the corresponding chemi-ionization processes are compared to the existing experimental data from the literature.

  15. National Aeronautics and Space Administration NaNotechNology Roadmap

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waliser, Duane E.

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration · NaNotechNology Roadmap Technology Area 10 Michael A-27 #12;Foreword NASA's integrated technology roadmap, including both technology pull and technology push state of this effort is documented in NASA's DRAFT Space Technology Roadmap, an integrated set

  16. aceleradores na ciencia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    aceleradores na ciencia First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 CURSO DE VERN CIENCIAS FORENSES...

  17. High precision measurements of Na-26 beta(-) decay 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grinyer, GF; Svensson, CE; Andreoiu, C.; Andreyev, AN; Austin, RAE; Ball, GC; Chakrawarthy, RS; Finlay, P.; Garrett, PE; Hackman, G.; Hardy, John C.; Hyland, B.; Iacob, VE; Koopmans, KA; Kulp, WD; Leslie, JR; Macdonald, JA; Morton, AC; Ormand, WE; Osborne, CJ; Pearson, CJ; Phillips, AA; Sarazin, F.; Schumaker, MA; Scraggs, HC; Schwarzenberg, J.; Smith, MB; Valiente-Dobon, JJ; Waddington, JC; Wood, JL; Zganjar, EF.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    High-precision measurements of the half-life and beta-branching ratios for the beta(-) decay of Na-26 to Mg-26 have been measured in beta-counting and gamma-decay experiments, respectively. A 4 pi proportional counter and fast tape transport system...

  18. NNSA PERSONNEL SECURITY CLEARANCE ACTION REQUEST Program Code: NA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fuerschbach, Phillip

    NNSA PERSONNEL SECURITY CLEARANCE ACTION REQUEST Program Code: NA OFFICIAL USE ONLY (UPON sections and fields are required to be completed. The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA material (SNM). AL F 470.1 Form is used by NNSA Personnel Security Department to initiate background

  19. Background p(450 GeV/c)-p,d (NA51)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    #12;#12;Background ' Open charm J / Drell-Yan #12;* p(450 GeV/c)-p,d (NA51) 208 16 p(200 Ge) 32 p(450 GeV/c)-A (A=C,Al,Cu,W) (NA38) 10101 10101010 652 3 4 B targetprojectile B(J/)/(AB)(nb) 5 4 3 Pb(208x158 GeV/c)-Pb (NA50) S(32x200 GeV/c)-U (NA38) p(200 GeV/c)-W (NA38) p(450 GeV/c)-A (A=p,d) (NA

  20. Investigation of thermonuclear $^{18}$Ne($\\alpha$,$p$)$^{21}$Na rate via resonant elastic scattering of $^{21}$Na+$p$

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, L Y; Parikh, A; Xu, S W; Yamaguchi, H; Kahl, D; Kubono, S; Mohr, P; Hu, J; Ma, P; Chen, S Z; Wakabayashi, Y; Wang, H W; Tian, W D; Chen, R F; Guo, B; Hashimoto, T; Togano, Y; Hayakawa, S; Teranishi, T; Iwasa, N; Yamada, T; Komatsubara, T; Zhang, Y H; Zhou, X H

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The $^{18}$Ne($\\alpha$,$p$)$^{21}$Na reaction is thought to be one of the key breakout reactions from the hot CNO cycles to the rp-process in type I x-ray bursts. In this work, the resonant properties of the compound nucleus $^{22}$Mg have been investigated by measuring the resonant elastic scattering of $^{21}$Na+$p$. An 89 MeV $^{21}$Na radioactive beam delivered from the CNS Radioactive Ion Beam Separator bombarded an 8.8 mg/cm$^2$ thick polyethylene (CH$_{2}$)$_{n}$ target. The $^{21}$Na beam intensity was about 2$\\times$10$^{5}$ pps, with a purity of about 70% on target. The recoiled protons were measured at the center-of-mass scattering angles of $\\theta_{c.m.}$$\\approx$175.2${^\\circ}$, 152.2${^\\circ}$, and 150.5${^\\circ}$ by three sets of $\\Delta E$-$E$ telescopes, respectively. The excitation function was obtained with the thick-target method over energies $E_x$($^{22}$Mg)=5.5--9.2 MeV. In total, 23 states above the proton-threshold in $^{22}$Mg were observed, and their resonant parameters were determ...

  1. aqueous na2s2o3 solutions: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Na+ in the aqueous solutions and aromatic rings on the graphite surfaces, promoting the adsorption of water molecules together with cations onto the graphite surfaces, i.e., Na+...

  2. The Effect of Water on the Adsorption of NO in Na- and Ba-Y,FAU...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Water on the Adsorption of NO in Na- and Ba-Y,FAU Zeolites: A Combined FTIR and TPD Investigation. The Effect of Water on the Adsorption of NO in Na- and Ba-Y,FAU Zeolites: A...

  3. In Situ 13C and 23Na Magic Angle Spinning NMR Investigation of...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    In Situ 13C and 23Na Magic Angle Spinning NMR Investigation of Supercritical CO2 Incorporation in Smectite-Natural Organic In Situ 13C and 23Na Magic Angle Spinning NMR...

  4. Thin Porous Metal Sheet-Supported NaA Zeolite Membrane for Water...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Thin Porous Metal Sheet-Supported NaA Zeolite Membrane for WaterEthanol Separation. Thin Porous Metal Sheet-Supported NaA Zeolite Membrane for WaterEthanol Separation. Abstract:...

  5. The Beam and Detector for the NA48 Neutral Kaon CP Violation Experiment at CERN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fanti, V; Marras, D; Musa, L; Nappi, A; Batley, J Richard; Bevan, A; Dosanjh, R S; Galik, R; Gershon, T; Hay, B; Kalmus, George Ernest; Katvars, S; Lazzeroni, C; Moore, R; Munday, D J; Needham, M D; Olaiya, E; Parker, M A; Patel, M; Slater, M; Takach, S; White, T O; Wotton; Bal, F; Barr, G; Bocquet, G; Bremer, J; Brodier-Yourstone, P; Buchholz, P; Burns, M; Ceccucci, A; Clément, M; Cuhadar-Donzelsmann, T; Cundy, Donald C; Doble, Niels; Falaleev, V; Formenti, F; Funk, W; Gatignon, L; Gonidec, A; Grafström, P; Hallgren, B; Kapusta, P; Kesseler, G; Kubischta, Werner; Iwanski, W; Lacourt, A; Laverriere, G; Linser, G; Ljuslin, C; Marchioro, A; Mast, M; Matheys, J P; Morel, M; Norton, A; Orlic, J P; Panzer-Steindel, B; Schinzel, D; Seidl, W; Taureg, H; Tarlé, J C; Velasco, M; Vossnack, O; Wahl, H; Wertelaers, P; Weterings, J; Cheshkov, C; Gaponenko, A; Goudzovski, E; Khristov, P Z; Kalinin, A; Kekelidze, V D; Kozhevnikov, Yu; Madigozhin, D T; Molokanova, N A; Potrebenikov, Yu K; Tkatchev, A; Zinchenko, A I; Boyle, O; Knowles, I; Martin, V; Parsons, H; Peach, K J; Sacco, R; Veitch, E; Walker, A; Carassiti, V; Contalbrigo, M; Cotta-Ramusino, A; Dalpiaz, P; Damiani, C; Duclos, J; Ferretti, P; Frabetti, P L; Gianoli, A; Martini, M; Petrucci, F; Porcu, M; Rossi, F; Savrié, M; Scarpa, M; Simani, C; Bizzeti, A; Calvetti, M; Collazuol, G; Graziani, G; Iacopini, E; Lenti, M; Martelli, F; Michetti, A; Ruggiero, G; Veltri, M; Becker, H G; Behler, M; Blümer, H; Coward, D; Ebersberger, C; Eppard, K; Eppard, M; Fox, H; Geib, K H; Hirstius, A; Kalter, A; Kleinknecht, K; Koch, U; Köpke, L; Lopes da Silva, P; Luitz, S; Marouelli, P; Masetti, L; Melzer-Pellmann, I; Moosbrugger, U; Morales-Morales, C; Peters, A; Renk, B; Scheidt, J; Schmidt, J; Schmidt, S A; Schönharting, V; Schué, Yu; Staeck, J; Wanke, R; Wilhelm, R; Winhart, A; Wittgen, M; Zeitnitz, O; Dabrowski, A; Fonseca-Martin, T; Chollet, J C; Crépé, S; de La Taille, C; Fayard, L; Iconomidou-Fayard, L; Martin-Chassard, G; Ocariz, J; Unal, G; Wingerter-Seez, I; Anzivino, Giuseppina; Bordacchini, F; Cenci, P; Imbergamo, E; Lariccia, P; Lubrano, P; Mestvirishvili, A; Papi, A; Pepé, M; Piccini, M; Punturo, M; Talamonti, C; Tondini, F; Bertanza, L; Calafiura, P; Carosi, R; Casali, R; Cerri, C; Cirilli, M; Costantini, F; Fantechi, R; Fidecaro, Francesco; Fiorini, L; Giudici, S; Gorini, B; Laico, F; Lamanna, G; Mannelli, I; Marzulli, V; Passuello, D; Pierazzini, G M; Raffaelli, F; Sozzi, M; Tripiccione, R; Anvar, S; Bédérède, D; Bugeon, F; Chèze, J B; Cogan, J; De Beer, M; Debu, P; Durand, D; Edard, S; Fallou, J L; Formica, A; Gosset, L; Granier de Cassagnac, R; Heitzmann, J; Le Provost, H; Louis, F; Mandzhavidze, I; Mazzucato, E; Migliori, A; Mur, M; Peyaud, B; Schanne, S; Steinkamp, O; Tarte, Gérard; Turlay, René; Vallage, B; Holder, M; Augustin, I; Bender, M; Maier, A; Schwarz, I; Ziolkowski, M; Arcidiacono, R; Barberis, P L; Benotto, F; Bertolino, F; Biino, C; Brunasso, O; Cartiglia, N; Clemencic, M; Dattola, D; Goy-Lopez, S; Govi, G; Guida, R; Marchetto, F; Menichetti, E; Palestini, S; Pastrone, N; Chlopik, A; Guzik, Z; Nassalski, J P; Rondio, E; Szleper, M; Wislicki, W; Wronka, S; Dibon, Heinz; Fischer, G; Jeitler, Manfred; Markytan, Manfred; Mikulec, I; Neuhofer, G; Pernicka, M; Taurok, Anton; Widhalm, L

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Beam and Detector, used for the NA48 experiment, devoted to the measurement of $Re(\\epsilon^{\\prime}/\\epsilon)$, and for the NA48/1 experiment on rare K_S and neutral hyperon decays, are described.

  6. Impact of Biodiesel-Based Na on the Selective Catalytic Reduction...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Impact of Biodiesel-Based Na on the Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) of NOx Using Cu-zeolite Impact of Biodiesel-Based Na on the Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) of NOx Using...

  7. Caustic Recycle from Hanford Tank Waste Using Large Area NaSICON Structures (LANS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fountain, Matthew S.; Sevigny, Gary J.; Balagopal, S.; Bhavaraju, S.

    2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents the results of a 5-day test of an electrochemical bench-scale apparatus using a proprietary (NAS-GY) material formulation of a (Na) Super Ion Conductor (NaSICON) membrane in a Large Area NaSICON Structures (LANS) configuration. The primary objectives of this work were to assess system performance, membrane seal integrity, and material degradation while removing Na from Group 5 and 6 tank waste from the Hanford Site.

  8. Fiscalizao e Controle: O Poder Legislativo na Argentina e no Brasil Contemporneos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Fiscalização e Controle: O Poder Legislativo na Argentina e no Brasil Contemporâneos Charles na Argentina e no Brasil Contemporâneos "La société a le droit de demander compte à tout agent public concentrar-se na análise das novas instituições de controle externo no Brasil e na Argentina, de acordo com o

  9. Update on the SEMATECH 0.5 NA Extreme-Ultraviolet Lithography (EUVL) Microfield Exposure Tool (MET)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, Kevin

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    eld Exposure Tools with 0.5 NA,” Proc. SPIE TBP (2014) [6]microexposure tool at 0.5 NA for sub-16 nm lithography,&Update on the SEMATECH 0.5 NA Extreme Ultraviolet

  10. Cosmogenic radionuclide production in NaI(Tl) crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Amaré; S. Cebrián; C. Cuesta; E. García; C. Ginestra; M. Martínez; M. A. Oliván; Y. Ortigoza; A. Ortiz de Solórzano; C. Pobes; J. Puimedón; M. L. Sarsa; J. A. Villar; P. Villar

    2015-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The production of long-lived radioactive isotopes in materials due to the exposure to cosmic rays on Earth surface can be an hazard for experiments demanding ultra-low background conditions, typically performed deep underground. Production rates of cosmogenic isotopes in all the materials present in the experimental set-up, as well as the corresponding cosmic rays exposure history, must be both well known in order to assess the relevance of this effect in the achievable sensitivity of a given experiment. Although NaI(Tl) scintillators are being used in experiments aiming at the direct detection of dark matter since the first nineties of the last century, very few data about cosmogenic isotopes production rates have been published up to date. In this work we present data from two 12.5 kg NaI(Tl) detectors, developed in the frame of the ANAIS project, which were installed inside a convenient shielding at the Canfranc Underground Laboratory just after finishing surface exposure to cosmic rays. The very fast start of data taking allowed to identify and quantify isotopes with half-lives of the order of tens of days. Initial activities underground have been measured and then production rates at sea level have been estimated following the history of detectors; values of about a few tens of nuclei per kg and day for Te isotopes and 22Na and of a few hundreds for I isotopes have been found. These are the first direct estimates of production rates of cosmogenic nuclides in NaI crystals. A comparison of the so deduced rates with calculations using typical cosmic neutron flux at sea level and a carefully selected description of excitation functions will be also presented together with an estimate of the corresponding contribution to the background at low and high energies, which can be relevant for experiments aiming at rare events searches.

  11. Besedje stare kme?ke delovne šege na Koroškem – steljeraje

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benko, Anja

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    dolo?enem podro?ju s pomo?jo rok U? s?ta:rix ?ca:jtix, ?k? ?še ni b?w? ?n? ?c?:st pa ne e?l?:ktrike pa ?tuj k?m?:?ke mexani?za:cije ?ni:so poz?na:li, se je na ?pa:u?rex de?wa:wo u??s? na ?ro:ke. SSKJ + Plet. + delo || ?d?:wo -a s delanje, vezano na... ?lu:ksus. SSKJ – Plet. – paver || ?pa:w?r -ra m kmet U? s?ta:rix ?ca:jtix, ?k? ?še ni b?w? ?n? ?c?:st pa ne e?l?:ktrike pa ?tuj k?m?:?ke mexani?za:cije ?ni:so poz?na:li, se je na ?pa:u?rex de?wa:wo u??s? na ?ro:ke. [nem. der Bauer kmet] SSKJ + (nižje...

  12. Impact of surface roughness on the electrical parameters of industrial high efficiency NaOH-NaOCl textured multicrystalline silicon solar cell

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Basu, P.K. [Department of Physics, Echelon Institute of Technology, Faridabad 121002, Haryana (India); Pujahari, R.M. [Department of Physics, Echelon Institute of Technology, Faridabad 121002, Haryana (India); Department of Physics, Manav Rachna International University, Faridabad 121001, Haryana (India); Kaur, Harpreet [Department of Physics, Manav Rachna International University, Faridabad 121001, Haryana (India); Department of Physics, Advanced Institute of Technology and Management, Palwal 121105, Haryana (India); Singh, Devi [Department of Physics, Manav Rachna International University, Faridabad 121001, Haryana (India); Varandani, D.; Mehta, B.R. [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi 110016 (India)

    2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) solution (1:1 ratio by volume) based texturization process at 80-82 C is an easy, low cost and comparatively new and convenient option for fabrication of any multicrystalline silicon (mC-Si) solar cell. In the present study atomic force microscope is used to observe the intragrain surface in a miniscule area (3 {mu}m x 3 {mu}m) of NaOH-NaOCl textured surface by two and three dimensional analysis, roughness analysis and section analysis. The r.m.s value of the surface parameter of 7.0 nm ascertains the smoothness of the textured surface and further the surface reflectivity is minimized to 4-6% in the 500-1000 nm wavelength range by a proper silicon nitride anti-reflection coating. Comparing with the standard HF-HNO{sub 3}-CH{sub 3}COOH acid textured cell, the NaOH-NaOCl textured cell shows a comparatively lower value of series resistance of 7.17 m{omega}, higher value of shunt resistance of 18.4 {omega} to yield a fill factor of 0.766 leading to more than 15% cell efficiency in the industrial cell processing line. This AFM study yields different surface roughness parameters for the NaOH-NaOCl textured wafers which can be used as a reference standard for optimized texturing. (author)

  13. NA-ASC-100R-04-Vol.1-Rev.0

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA groupTubahq.na.govSecurityMaintaining theSan Jose-San| National

  14. Cell Degradation of a Na-NiCl2 (ZEBRA) Battery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Guosheng; Lu, Xiaochuan; Kim, Jin Yong; Lemmon, John P.; Sprenkle, Vincent L.

    2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work, the parameters influencing the degradation of a Na-NiCl2 (ZEBRA) battery were investigated. Planar Na-NiCl2 cells using ?”-alumina solid electrolyte (BASE) were tested with different C-rates, Ni/NaCl ratios, and capacity windows, in order to identify the key parameters for the degradation of Na-NiCl2 battery. The morphology of NaCl and Ni particles were extensively investigated after 60 cycles under various test conditions using a scanning electron microscope. A strong correlation between the particle size (NaCl and Ni) and battery degradation was observed in this work. Even though the growth of both Ni and NaCl can influence the cell degradation, our results indicate that the growth of NaCl is a dominant factor in cell degradation. The use of excess Ni seems to play a role in tolerating the negative effects of particle growth on degradation since the available active surface area of Ni particles can be still sufficient even after particle growth. For NaCl, a large cycling window was the most significant factor, of which effects were amplified with decrease in Ni/NaCl ratio.

  15. Functional and operational design requirements for decontamination and decommissioning of the EBR-I Mark-II NaK: Final report. [NaK eutectics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, B.W.; Crandall, D.L.; Dafoe, R.E.; Dolenc, M.R.; LaRue, D.M.

    1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Approximately 180 gal of sodium/potassium (NaK) eutectic liquid metal were severely radioactively contaminated during a meltdown of the Mark-II core of the Experimental Breeder Reactor-I (EBR-I) in November 1955. This contaminated NaK, which is contained in four vessels, is currently stored in an underground bunker located at the Army Reentry Vehicle Facility Site (ARVFS) located approximately at the center of the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). This document presents the Functional and Operational Requirements (F and ORs) for the D and D of the contaminated NaK and the ARVFS bunker site. This project will chemically deactivate the NaK; dispose of the radioactively contaminated product at a designated burial site; chemically deactivate any residual NaK in the containers, and dispose of the containers at a designated burial site; decontaminate and decommission any contaminated process equipment used in these operations, and decontaminate and decommission the ARVFS bunker site. Completion of the above technical objectives will allow for the effective disposition of the NaK, and will return the ARFVS bunker and immediate area to a reusable condition. Upon completion, the ARVFS NaK, which is now considered a significant potential hazard, will be removed from the Surplus Facilities Management Program priority listing of projects. 33 refs., 8 figs.

  16. Photoemission study of the electronic structure and charge density waves of Na?Ti?Sb?O

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Tan, S. Y.; Jiang, J.; Ye, Z. R.; Niu, X. H.; Song, Y.; Zhang, C. L.; Dai, P. C.; Xie, B. P.; Lai, X. C.; Feng, D. L.

    2015-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The electronic structure of Na?Ti?Sb?O single crystal is studied by photon energy and polarization dependent angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES). The obtained band structure and Fermi surface agree well with the band structure calculation of Na?Ti?Sb?O in the non-magnetic state, which indicates that there is no magnetic order in Na?Ti?Sb?O and the electronic correlation is weak. Polarization dependent ARPES results suggest the multi-band and multi-orbital nature of Na?Ti?Sb?O. Photon energy dependent ARPES results suggest that the electronic structure of Na?Ti?Sb?O is rather two-dimensional. Moreover, we find a density wave energy gap forms below the transition temperature and reaches 65 meV atmore »7 K, indicating that Na?Ti?Sb?O is likely a weakly correlated CDW material in the strong electron-phonon interaction regime. (author)« less

  17. Green mobility Taipei City : with the arrival of mobility-on-demand system with ultra small electric vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chuang, Chih-Chao

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Urban form always transforms when new transportation technology is deployed. Urban form and transportation technologies always coevolve. Many new technologies have been developed to solve the problems of greenhouse gas ...

  18. Bulk and track etch properties of CR-39 SSNTD etched in NaOH/ethanol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, K.N.

    Bulk and track etch properties of CR-39 SSNTD etched in NaOH/ethanol K.F. Chan, F.M.F. Ng, D. described the use of NaOH/ethanol as an etchant for the CR-39 detector, and have determined the corre and track etch properties of CR- 39 in NaOH/ethanol were derived from direct measurements. The bulk etch

  19. 03/01/2006 09:51 AMLoading "People's Daily Online --Chinese experimental thermonuclear reactor on discharge test in July" Page 1 of 1http://english.people.com.cn/200603/01/print20060301_247035.html

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    experimental thermonuclear reactor on discharge test in July China's new generation experimental Tokamak fusion03/01/2006 09:51 AMLoading "People's Daily Online -- Chinese experimental thermonuclear reactor successful, it would be the world's first experimental nuclear fusion device to come into operation. Li

  20. Role of the Atmospheric and Oceanic Circulation in the Tropical Pacific SST Changes Nansen-Zhu International Research Centre, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Beijing, China, and Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center, Bergen, Norway HUIJUN WANG Nansen Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China, and Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center ocean and, furthermore, lead to anomalous positive convergences of heat transport, which is the main

  1. MSSBAUER STUDIES OF NaFeS2 : MAGNETIC HYPERFINE FIELDS AND COVALENCY IN MFeS2 COMPOUNDS (M=Na, K, Rb, Cs) (*)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    'étude Mössbauer de NaFeS2, de la température ambiante à celle de l'hélium liquide, révèle la présence d. Abstract. 2014 Mössbauer studies of NaFeS2 from room temperature down to liquid helium tem- perature. The temperature stability was ± 2 °C. The samples were prepared by fusing iron powder with sodium carbonate

  2. Molecular dynamics investigation of Na{sup +} in Na{sub 2}Ni{sub 2}TeO{sub 6}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sau, Kartik, E-mail: padmakumarp@iitg.ernet.in; Kumar, P. Padma, E-mail: padmakumarp@iitg.ernet.in [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati-781039 (India)

    2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    An inter-atomic potential for Na{sub 2}Ni{sub 2}TeO{sub 6} in the Parrinello- Rahman-Vashishta (PRV) model is parameterized empirically. The potential reproduces variety of structural and transport properties of that material in good agreement with recent experimental results. The study provides fresh insights on the migration channels and mechanism of Na{sup +} in the system.

  3. Chinese Business Law Postgraduate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Einmahl, Uwe

    · Contracts for supply and use of electricity, water, gas or heating · Contracts for donation · Contracts for construction projects · Contracts for transportation · Contracts for technology · Contracts for storage · Financial law · Foreign exchange regulation · Government procurement law · Price fixing regulations Courses

  4. Intercalation of a Nonionic Surfactant (C10E3) bilayer into a Na-Montmorillonite Clay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Intercalation of a Nonionic Surfactant (C10E3) bilayer into a Na-Montmorillonite Clay Régis of a Na-montmorillonite clay at several concentrations. The synthesized organoclays were characterized surfactants in clays where the expansion of the interlayer space was limited to two monolayers parallel

  5. Grant Title: AERA DISSERTATION GRANTS Funding Opportunity Number: N/A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farritor, Shane

    Grant Title: AERA DISSERTATION GRANTS Funding Opportunity Number: N/A Agency/Department: AERA Grants Program with support from the National Science Foundation (NSF). Area of Research: Dissertation dissertation. Release and Expiration: N/A Application Deadline: January 23, 2013. Amount: Awards

  6. Departamento de Electronica e Sistemas Grupo de Arquitectura de Computadores Universidade da Coru~na

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraguela, Basilio B.

    Departamento de Electr´onica e Sistemas Grupo de Arquitectura de Computadores Universidade da Coru;Departamento de Electr´onica e Sistemas Grupo de Arquitectura de Computadores Universidade da Coru~na AC LUCEH;Departamento de Electr´onica e Sistemas Grupo de Arquitectura de Computadores Universidade da Coru~na AC LUCEH

  7. Na K -pump ligands modulate gating of palytoxin-induced ion channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gadsby, David

    Na K -pump ligands modulate gating of palytoxin-induced ion channels Pablo Artigas and David C (received for review September 26, 2002) The Na K pump is a ubiquitous P-type ATPase that binds three -ion occlusion to phosphorylation of the pump by ATP and of K -ion occlusion to its dephosphorylation

  8. Measurement of (n,a) reactions on 147 Sm using a lead

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danon, Yaron

    Measurement of (n,a) reactions on 147 Sm and 149 Sm using a lead slowing-down spectrometer J December 2011 Accepted 4 January 2012 Available online 12 January 2012 Keywords: (n,a) Lead slowing-down spectrometer Digitizer Compensated detectors Samarium Sm-147 Sm-149 a b s t r a c t The lead slowing

  9. Observation of laser-induced associative ionization in crossed-beam Na+Li collisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Polak-Dingels, P.; Keller, J.; Weiner, J.; Gauthier, J.h.; Bras, N.

    1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the observation of NaLi/sup +/ produced by crossed-beam collisions of Na and Li in the presence of a single laser field. The magnitude of the cross section and its dependence on laser intensity are in accord with a simple second-order perturbation theory.

  10. The Catalytic Chemistry of HCN+NO over Na- and Ba-Y, FAU: An...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The Catalytic Chemistry of HCN+NO over Na- and Ba-Y, FAU: An In Situ FTIR and TPDTPR Study. The Catalytic Chemistry of HCN+NO over Na- and Ba-Y, FAU: An In Situ FTIR and TPDTPR...

  11. Graphitic Phase of NaCl. Bulk Properties and Nanoscale Stability Alexander G. Kvashnin,,,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tománek, David

    Graphitic Phase of NaCl. Bulk Properties and Nanoscale Stability Alexander G. Kvashnin,,,§ Pavel B approach to evaluate the stability and physical properties of the nanometer-thickness NaCl layered films and found that the rock salt films with a (111) surface become unstable with thickness below 1 nm

  12. Synthesis and crystal structure of new layered BaNaSc(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} and BaNaY(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} orthoborates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seryotkin, Yurii V., E-mail: yuvs@uiggm.nsc.r [Institute of Geology and Mineralogy RAS, 3, Koptyuga avenue, 630090 Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Novosibirsk State University, 2, Pirogova street, 630090 Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Bakakin, Vladimir V. [Institute of Inorganic Chemistry RAS, 3, Lavrentieva avenue, 630090 Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Kokh, Aleksandr E.; Kononova, Nadezhda G. [Institute of Geology and Mineralogy RAS, 3, Koptyuga avenue, 630090 Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Svetlyakova, Tatyana N. [Institute of Geology and Mineralogy RAS, 3, Koptyuga avenue, 630090 Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Novosibirsk State University, 2, Pirogova street, 630090 Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Kokh, Konstantin A. [Institute of Geology and Mineralogy RAS, 3, Koptyuga avenue, 630090 Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Drebushchak, Tatyana N. [Novosibirsk State University, 2, Pirogova street, 630090 Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Institute of Solid State Chemistry and Mechanochemistry RAS, 18, Kutateladze street, 630128 Novosibirsk (Russian Federation)

    2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Crystals of two new layered BaNaSc(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} (I) and BaNaY(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} (II) orthoborates are grown from the melt-solution by the spontaneous crystallization onto the platinum loop. Single crystal X-ray analysis showed that the compounds are isostructural with the space group R3-bar, a=5.23944(12) and 5.3338(2) A, and c=34.5919(11) and 35.8303(19) A for I and II, respectively, Z=6. The distinctive feature of the structure is the close-packed composite anion-cation (Ba,Na)(BO{sub 3}) layers. The layers are combined into the base building packages of two types: {l_brace}M{sup 3+}[Ba{sup 2+}(BO{sub 3}){sup 3-}]{sub 2}{r_brace}{sup +} and {l_brace}M{sup 3+}[Na{sup +}(BO{sub 3}){sup 3-}]{sub 2}{r_brace}{sup -}, where M is Sc or Y. Neutral-charge two-package (four-layer) blocks are stacked by the rhombohedral principle into twelve layers of the cubic packing. - Graphical abstract: The distinctive feature of new orthoborate crystals BaNaSc(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} and BaNaY(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} is the combination of base building packages of two types: {l_brace}M{sup 3+}[Ba{sup 2+}(BO{sub 3}){sup 3-}]{sub 2}{r_brace}{sup +} and {l_brace}M{sup 3+}[Na{sup +}(BO{sub 3}){sup 3-}]{sub 2}{r_brace}{sup -}, where M is Sc or Y.

  13. Spectroscopy of $^{28}$Na: shell evolution toward the drip line

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lepailleur, A; Mutschler, A; Sorlin, O; Bader, V; Bancroft, C; Barofsky, D; Bastin, B; Baugher, T; Bazin, D; Bildstein, V; Borcea, C; Borcea, R; Brown, B A; Caceres, L; Gade, A; Gaudefroy, L; Grévy, S; Grinyer, G F; Iwasaki, H; Khan, E; Kröll, T; Langer, C; Lemasson, A; Llidoo, O; Lloyd, J; Negoita, F; Santos, F de Oliveira; Perdikakis, G; Recchia, F; Redpath, T; Roger, T; Rotaru, F; Saenz, S; Saint-Laurent, M -G; Smalley, D; Sohler, D; Stanoiu, M; Stroberg, S R; Thomas, J C; Vandebrouck, M; Weisshaar, D; Westerberg, A

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Excited states in $^{28}$Na have been studied using the $\\beta$-decay of implanted $^{28}$Ne ions at GANIL/LISE as well as the in-beam $\\gamma$-ray spectroscopy at the NSCL/S800 facility. New states of positive (J$^{\\pi}$=3,4$^+$) and negative (J$^{\\pi}$=1-5$^-$) parity are proposed. The former arise from the coupling between 0d$\\_{5/2}$ protons and a 0d$\\_{3/2}$ neutron, while the latter are due to couplings with 1p$\\_{3/2}$ or 0f$\\_{7/2}$ neutrons. While the relative energies between the J$^{\\pi}$=1-4$^+$ states are well reproduced with the USDA interaction in the N=17 isotones, a progressive shift in the ground state binding energy (by about 500 keV) is observed between $^{26}$F and $^{30}$Al. This points to a possible change in the proton-neutron 0d$\\_{5/2}$-0d$\\_{3/2}$ effective interaction when moving from stability to the drip line. The presence of J$^{\\pi}$=1-4$^-$ negative parity states around 1.5 MeV as well as of a candidate for a J$^{\\pi}$=5$^-$ state around 2.5 MeV give further support to the col...

  14. Assessment of the release of atomic Na from a burning black liquor droplet using quantitative PLIF

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saw, Woei L.; Nathan, Graham J. [Centre for Energy Technology, The Environment Institute, School of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Adelaide, SA 5005 (Australia); Ashman, Peter J.; Alwahabi, Zeyad T. [Centre for Energy Technology, The Environment Institute, School of Chemical Engineering, The University of Adelaide, SA 5005 (Australia)

    2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The quantitative measurement of atomic sodium (Na) release, at high concentration, from a burning black liquor droplet has been demonstrated using a planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) technique, corrected for fluorescence trapping. The local temperature of the particle was measured to be approximately 1700 C, at a height of 10 mm above a flat flame burner. The PLIF technique was used to assess the temporal release of atomic Na from the combustion of black liquor and compare it with the Na concentration in the remaining smelt. A first-order model was made to provide insight using a simple Plug Flow Reactor model based on the independently measured concentration of residual Na in the smelt as a function of time. This model also required the dilution ratio of the combustion products in the flat flame entrained into the plume gas from the black liquor particle to be estimated. The key findings of these studies are: (i) the peak concentration of atomic Na from the combustion of the black liquor droplets is around 1.4 ppm; (ii) very little atomic Na is present during the drying, devolatilisation or char combustion stages; and (iii) the presence of atomic Na during smelt phase dominates over that from the other combustion stages. (author)

  15. Investigation of the Effects of Biodiesel-based Na on Emissions Control Components

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brookshear, D. William [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Nguyen, Ke [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Toops, Todd J [ORNL; Bunting, Bruce G [ORNL; Howe, Janet E [ORNL

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A single-cylinder diesel engine was used to investigate the impact of biodiesel-based Na on emissions control components using specially blended 20% biodiesel fuel (B20). The emissions control components investigated were a diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC), a Cu-zeolite-based NH{sub 3}-SCR (selective catalytic reduction) catalyst, and a diesel particulate filter (DPF). Both light-duty vehicle, DOC-SCR-DPF, and heavy-duty vehicle, DOC-DPF-SCR, emissions control configurations were employed. The accelerated Na aging is achieved by introducing elevated Na levels in the fuel, to represent full useful life exposure, and periodically increasing the exhaust temperature to replicate DPF regeneration. To assess the validity of the implemented accelerated Na aging protocol, engine-aged lean NO{sub x} traps (LNTs), DOCs and DPFs are also evaluated. To fully characterize the impact on the catalytic activity the LNT, DOC and SCR catalysts were evaluated using a bench flow reactor. The evaluation of the aged DOC samples and LNT show little to no deactivation as a result of Na contamination. However, the SCR in the light-duty configuration (DOC-SCR-DPF) was severely affected by Na contamination, especially when NO was the only fed NO{sub x} source. In the heavy-duty configuration (DOC-DPF-SCR), no impact is observed in the SCR NO{sub x} reduction activity. Electron probe micro-analysis (EPMA) reveals that Na contamination on the LNT, DOC, and SCR samples is present throughout the length of the catalysts with a higher concentration on the washcoat surface. In both the long-term engine-aged DPF and the accelerated Na-aged DPFs, there is significant Na ash present in the upstream channels; however, in the engine-aged sample lube oil-based ash is the predominant constituent.

  16. Non-oxidative reactions of propane on Zn/Na-ZSM5 Joseph A. Biscardi and Enrique Iglesia*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iglesia, Enrique

    Non-oxidative reactions of propane on Zn/Na-ZSM5 Joseph A. Biscardi and Enrique Iglesia* Department rates during propane conversion at 773 K on Zn/Na-ZSM5 are about ten times higher than on Zn/H-ZSM5 catalysts with similar Zn content. The total rate of propane conversion is also higher on Zn/Na-ZSM5

  17. MS SELECT na UK Compiled 22.5.2014 10:50:56 by Document Globe 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    158 00 Praha 5 Ing. Jií Dlouhý jiri.dlouhy(na)czp.cuni.cz 251 080 353 251 620 441 Centrum pro 220 653 CERGE Politických vz 7 111 21 Praha 1 Ing. Alexandr Krestovský alexandr.krestovsky(na)cerge-ei petr.heger(na)micr.cz 724 086 626 221 008 777 Fakulta humanitních studií U kíze 8 158 00 Praha 5

  18. Spectroscopy of $^{28}$Na: shell evolution toward the drip line

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Lepailleur; K. Wimmer; A. Mutschler; O. Sorlin; V. Bader; C. Bancroft; D. Barofsky; B. Bastin; T. Baugher; D. Bazin; V. Bildstein; C. Borcea; R. Borcea; B. A. Brown; L. Caceres; A. Gade; L. Gaudefroy; S. Grévy; G. F. Grinyer; H. Iwasaki; E. Khan; T. Kröll; C. Langer; A. Lemasson; O. Llidoo; J. Lloyd; F. Negoita; F. de Oliveira Santos; G. Perdikakis; F. Recchia; T. Redpath; T. Roger; F. Rotaru; S. Saenz; M. -G. Saint-Laurent; D. Smalley; D. Sohler; M. Stanoiu; S. R. Stroberg; J. C. Thomas; M. Vandebrouck; D. Weisshaar; A. Westerberg

    2015-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Excited states in $^{28}$Na have been studied using the $\\beta$-decay of implanted $^{28}$Ne ions at GANIL/LISE as well as the in-beam $\\gamma$-ray spectroscopy at the NSCL/S800 facility. New states of positive (J$^{\\pi}$=3,4$^+$) and negative (J$^{\\pi}$=1-5$^-$) parity are proposed. The former arise from the coupling between 0d$\\_{5/2}$ protons and a 0d$\\_{3/2}$ neutron, while the latter are due to couplings with 1p$\\_{3/2}$ or 0f$\\_{7/2}$ neutrons. While the relative energies between the J$^{\\pi}$=1-4$^+$ states are well reproduced with the USDA interaction in the N=17 isotones, a progressive shift in the ground state binding energy (by about 500 keV) is observed between $^{26}$F and $^{30}$Al. This points to a possible change in the proton-neutron 0d$\\_{5/2}$-0d$\\_{3/2}$ effective interaction when moving from stability to the drip line. The presence of J$^{\\pi}$=1-4$^-$ negative parity states around 1.5 MeV as well as of a candidate for a J$^{\\pi}$=5$^-$ state around 2.5 MeV give further support to the collapse of the N=20 gap and to the inversion between the 0f$\\_{7/2}$ and 1p$\\_{3/2}$ levels below Z=12. These features are discussed in the framework of Shell Model and EDF calculations, leading to predicted negative parity states in the low energy spectra of the $^{26}$F and $^{25}$O nuclei.

  19. Course # Course Title Instructor Author (s) Title Edition Publisher ISBN MMAE100 Introduction to the Profession Clack, Gosz, Vural NO TEXT REQUIRED NO TEXT REQUIRED N/A N/A N/A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    or earlier Babcock & Wilcox Company 978-1-603-86021-5 (36th) MMAE426 (2) Nuclear, Fossil Fuel://www.personal.utulsa.edu/~kenneth-weston) 1st Free online N/A MMAE426 (3) Nuclear, Fossil Fuel, and Sustainable Energy Systems Ostrogorsky by Author Website Address TBD MMAE310 Fluid Mechanics with Lab Wark Munson, Young, Okiishi, & Huebach

  20. E-Print Network 3.0 - anp na reducao Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    BY ANP high Na intake volume expansion normal L 2 0 IL- , 11----y7 --, 1 10 100 ANP infusion r-ate (rig... Physiological concentrations of ANP exert a dual regulatory influence...

  1. Search for beta -delayed three-neutron emission frum /sup 31/Na

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Détraz, C; Epherre-Rey-Campagnolle, Marcelle; Guillemaud, D; Klapisch, Robert; Langevin, M; Naulin, F; Thibault, C; Touchard, F

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An upper limit P/sub 3n/<5*10/sup -4/ is found for the branching ratio of the beta -delayed three-neutron emission from /sup 31/Na. (5 refs).

  2. Kinetic Study of Heterogeneous Reaction of Deliquesced NaCI Particles...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (1.1 ? Gaseous HNO3 uptake coefficient peaks around a relative humidity of 55%, with ?net 3 on sea salt particles was more rapid than that on the mixture of NaCl and...

  3. Impact of Biodiesel-Based Na on the Selective Catalytic Reduction...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Biodiesel-Based Na on the Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) of NO x Using Cu-zeolite D. William Brookshear 1 , Todd J. Toops 2 , William Rohr 1 , Ke Nguyen 1 , and Bruce G....

  4. Seismic Risk Assessment of Port Facilities Ung Jin Na, Samit Ray Chaudhuri

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shinozuka, Masanobu

    Seismic Risk Assessment of Port Facilities Ung Jin Na, Samit Ray Chaudhuri Faculty Advisor : Prof Estimation Methodology Applications (in progress) Port of Long Beach · Seismic Risk Assessment, Decision & Vertical movement, Settlement of Apron Seismic Vulnerability - quay Wall

  5. Increase of ionic conductivity in the microporous lithosilicate RUB-29 by Na-ion exchange processes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, S.-H. [Section Crystallography, Earth and Environmental Sciences, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet Muenchen, Theresienstr. 41, 80333 Munich (Germany)], E-mail: sohyun.park@lmu.de; Senyshyn, A. [Material- and Earth Sciences, Technische Universitaet Darmstadt, Petersenstr. 23, 64287 Darmstadt (Germany); Forschungsneutronenquelle Heinz Maier-Leibnitz (FRM II), Lichtenbergstr. 1, 85747 Garching (Germany); Paulmann, C. [Mineralogisch-Petrographisches Institut, Universitaet Hamburg, Grindelallee 48, 20146 Hamburg (Germany); HASYLAB, DESY, Notkestr. 85, 22603 Hamburg (Germany)

    2007-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The ionic conductivity in the zeolite-like lithosilicate RUB-29 (Cs{sub 14}Li{sub 24}[Li{sub 18}Si{sub 72}O{sub 172}].14H{sub 2}O [S.-H. Park, J.B. Parise, H. Gies, H. Liu, C.P. Grey, B.H. Toby, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122 (2000) 11023-11024]) increases via simple ion-exchange processes, in particular when Na cations replace a part of Cs{sup +} and Li{sup +} of the material. The resulting ionic conductivity value of 3.2x10{sup -3} S cm{sup -1} at 885 K is about two orders higher than that for the original material [S.-H. Park, J.B. Parise, M.E. Franke, T. Seydel, C. Paulmann, Micropor. Mesopor. Mater., in print ( (doi:10.1016/j.micromeso.2007.03.040) available online since April 19, 2007)]. The structural basis of a Na{sup +}-exchanged RUB-29 sample (Na-RUB-29) at 673 K could be elucidated by means of neutron powder diffraction. Rietveld refinements confirmed the replacement of Na{sup +} for both parts of Cs and Li cations, agreeing with idealized cell content, Na{sub 8}Cs{sub 8}Li{sub 40}Si{sub 72}O{sub 172}. As a result of the incorporation of Na{sup +} in large pores, the number of Li{sup +} vacancies in dense Li{sub 2}O-layers of the structure could increase. This can be one of the main reasons for the improved conductivity in Na-RUB-29. In addition, mobile Na cations may also contribute to the conductivity in Na-RUB-29 as continuous scattering length densities were found around the sites for Na in difference Fourier map. - Graphical abstract: Li{sub 2}O-layers formed by edge- and corner-sharing LiO{sub 4}- and LiO{sub 3}-moieties in the zeolite-like lithosilicate RUB-29 provide optimal pathways for conducting Li{sup +}. The number of empty Li sites in this layer-like configuration could increase via 'simple' Na{sup +}-exchange processes, promoting fast Li motions.

  6. Supporting information for: Na-doped p-type ZnO , Faxian Xiu2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Zheng

    S1 Supporting information for: Na-doped p-type ZnO microwires Wei Liu1* , Faxian Xiu2 , Ke Sun1 flow was switched to argon followed by cooling to room temperature. After the growth, high-density Zn distribution of the Na Doped ZnO microwire 1.3 EDX line scans spectra #12;S3 Figure S3 a) a typical TEM image

  7. ISSN 0103-1538 4231 MONITORAMENTO DOS FOCOS DE CALOR NA REGIO SUL DO BRASIL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ISSN 0103-1538 4231 MONITORAMENTO DOS FOCOS DE CALOR NA REGI�O SUL DO BRASIL Instituto Nacional de monitorar a distribuição dos focos de calor na região sul do Brasil, entre os anos de 2003 a 2007, através, Geotecnologias, Região Sul do Brasil. RESUMEN Las quemadas pueden ser causadas de forma natural o por influencia

  8. SISTEMATIZAO DE OCORRNCIAS DE DESASTRES NATURAIS NA REGIO SUL DO BRASIL EM 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Página1 SISTEMATIZA��O DE OCORR�NCIAS DE DESASTRES NATURAIS NA REGI�O SUL DO BRASIL EM 2011 Janete Aplicação de Geotecnologias para Desastres Naturais e Eventos Extremos para a Região Sul do Brasil e forma, a pesquisa tem como objetivo analisar os eventos de desastres naturais na Região Sul do Brasil em

  9. Portugal lidera consrcio envolvido na produo de "energia limpa, segura e abundante"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica

    Portugal lidera consórcio envolvido na produção de "energia limpa, segura e abundante" Autor: Data) - A produção de eletricidade a partir de fusão nuclear, considerada uma fonte de energia limpa, abundante e lidera consórcio envolvido na produção de "energia limpa, seg... http://sicnoticias.sapo.pt/Lusa/2013

  10. Band gap engineering for graphene by using Na{sup +} ions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sung, S. J.; Lee, P. R.; Kim, J. G.; Ryu, M. T.; Park, H. M.; Chung, J. W., E-mail: jwc@postech.ac.kr [Department of Physics, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang 790-784 (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Despite the noble electronic properties of graphene, its industrial application has been hindered mainly by the absence of a stable means of producing a band gap at the Dirac point (DP). We report a new route to open a band gap (E{sub g}) at DP in a controlled way by depositing positively charged Na{sup +} ions on single layer graphene formed on 6H-SiC(0001) surface. The doping of low energy Na{sup +} ions is found to deplete the ?* band of graphene above the DP, and simultaneously shift the DP downward away from Fermi energy indicating the opening of E{sub g}. The band gap increases with increasing Na{sup +} coverage with a maximum E{sub g}?0.70?eV. Our core-level data, C 1s, Na 2p, and Si 2p, consistently suggest that Na{sup +} ions do not intercalate through graphene, but produce a significant charge asymmetry among the carbon atoms of graphene to cause the opening of a band gap. We thus provide a reliable way of producing and tuning the band gap of graphene by using Na{sup +} ions, which may play a vital role in utilizing graphene in future nano-electronic devices.

  11. Stabilisation of Na,K-ATPase structure by the cardiotonic steroid ouabain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miles, Andrew J. [Institute of Structural and Molecular Biology, Birkbeck College, University of London, London WC1E 7HX (United Kingdom)] [Institute of Structural and Molecular Biology, Birkbeck College, University of London, London WC1E 7HX (United Kingdom); Fedosova, Natalya U. [Department of Biomedicine, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus (Denmark)] [Department of Biomedicine, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus (Denmark); Hoffmann, Søren V. [ISA, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus (Denmark)] [ISA, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus (Denmark); Wallace, B.A. [Institute of Structural and Molecular Biology, Birkbeck College, University of London, London WC1E 7HX (United Kingdom)] [Institute of Structural and Molecular Biology, Birkbeck College, University of London, London WC1E 7HX (United Kingdom); Esmann, Mikael, E-mail: me@biophys.au.dk [Department of Biomedicine, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus (Denmark)] [Department of Biomedicine, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus (Denmark)

    2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: •Ouabain binding to pig and shark Na,K-ATPase enhances thermal stability. •Ouabain stabilises both membrane-bound and solubilised Na,K-ATPase. •Synchrotron radiation circular dichroism is used for structure determination. •Secondary structure in general is not affected by ouabain binding. •Stabilisation is due to re-arrangement of tertiary structure. -- Abstract: Cardiotonic steroids such as ouabain bind with high affinity to the membrane-bound cation-transporting P-type Na,K-ATPase, leading to complete inhibition of the enzyme. Using synchrotron radiation circular dichroism spectroscopy we show that the enzyme-ouabain complex is less susceptible to thermal denaturation (unfolding) than the ouabain-free enzyme, and this protection is observed with Na,K-ATPase purified from pig kidney as well as from shark rectal glands. It is also shown that detergent-solubilised preparations of Na,K-ATPase are stabilised by ouabain, which could account for the successful crystallisation of Na,K-ATPase in the ouabain-bound form. The secondary structure is not significantly affected by the binding of ouabain. Ouabain appears however, to induce a reorganization of the tertiary structure towards a more compact protein structure which is less prone to unfolding; recent crystal structures of the two enzymes are consistent with this interpretation. These circular dichroism spectroscopic studies in solution therefore provide complementary information to that provided by crystallography.

  12. Magnetic structure of the low-dimensional magnet NaCu{sub 2}O{sub 2}: {sup 63,65}Cu and {sup 23}Na NMR studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sadykov, A. F., E-mail: sadykov@imp.uran.ru; Gerashchenko, A. P.; Piskunov, Yu. V.; Ogloblichev, V. V.; Smol’nikov, A. G.; Verkhovskii, S. V.; Buzlukov, A. L.; Arapova, I. Yu. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Metal Physics, Ural Branch (Russian Federation); Furukawa, Y. [Iowa State University, Ames Laboratory (United States); Yakubovskii, A. Yu. [National Research Centre Kurchatov Institute (Russian Federation); Bush, A. A. [Moscow State Technical University of Radio Engineering, Electronics, and Automation (Russian Federation)

    2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The magnetic structure of a quasi-one-dimensional frustrated NaCu{sub 2}O{sub 2} magnet single crystal is studied by NMR. The spatial orientation of the planar spin spirals in the copper-oxygen Cu{sup 2+}-O chains is determined, and its evolution as a function of the applied magnetic field direction is analyzed.

  13. * Corresponding author. Tel.: #44-01223-332650; fax: #44-01223-332662. E-mail address: na#@eng.cam.ac.uk (N.A. Fleck)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fleck, Norman A.

    compressive behaviour of aluminium alloy foams V.S. Deshpande, N.A. Fleck* Cambridge University Engineering and materials chosen for study Foamed aluminium alloys are ultra-light solids which absorb considerable energy. Alcan foam (an aluminium alloy foam) was independent of applied strain rate in the range 10\\}10 s\\ (the

  14. Ordered and disordered polymorphs of Na(Ni2/3Sb1/3)O?: Honeycomb-ordered cathodes for Na-ion batteries

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Ma, Jeffrey; Wu, Lijun; Bo, Shou -Hang; Khalifah, Peter G.; Grey, Clare P.; Zhu, Yimei

    2015-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Na-ion batteries are appealing alternatives to Li-ion battery systems for large-scale energy storage applications in which elemental cost and abundance are important. Although it is difficult to find Na-ion batteries which achieve substantial specific capacities at voltages above 3 V (vs Na?/Na), the honeycomb-layered compound Na(Ni2/3Sb1/3)O? can deliver up to 130 mAh/g of capacity at voltages above 3 V with this capacity concentrated in plateaus at 3.27 and 3.64 V. Comprehensive crystallographic studies have been carried out in order to understand the role of disorder in this system which can be prepared in both “disordered” and “ordered” forms, depending onmore »the synthesis conditions. The average structure of Na(Ni2/3Sb1/3)O? is always found to adopt an O3-type stacking sequence, though different structures for the disordered (R3?m, #166, a = b = 3.06253(3) Å and c = 16.05192(7) Å) and ordered variants (C2/m, #12, a = 5.30458(1) Å, b = 9.18432(1) Å, c = 5.62742(1) Å and ? = 108.2797(2)°) are demonstrated through the combined Rietveld refinement of synchrotron X-ray and time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction data. However, pair distribution function studies find that the local structure of disordered Na(Ni2/3Sb1/3)O? is more correctly described using the honeycomb-ordered structural model, and solid state NMR studies confirm that the well-developed honeycomb ordering of Ni and Sb cations within the transition metal layers is indistinguishable from that of the ordered phase. The disorder is instead found to mainly occur perpendicular to the honeycomb layers with an observed coherence length of not much more than 1 nm seen in electron diffraction studies. When the Na environment is probed through ²³Na solid state NMR, no evidence is found for prismatic Na environments, and a bulk diffraction analysis finds no evidence of conventional stacking faults. The lack of long range coherence is instead attributed to disorder among the three possible choices for distributing Ni and Sb cations into a honeycomb lattice in each transition metal layer. It is observed that the full theoretical discharge capacity expected for a Ni³?/²? redox couple (133 mAh/g) can be achieved for the ordered variant but not for the disordered variant (~110 mAh/g). The first 3.27 V plateau during charging is found to be associated with a two-phase O3 ? P3 structural transition, with the P3 stacking sequence persisting throughout all further stages of desodiation.« less

  15. Stimulation of Na{sup +}/K{sup +} ATPase activity and Na{sup +} coupled glucose transport by {beta}-catenin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sopjani, Mentor [Department of Physiology, University of Tuebingen (Germany) [Department of Physiology, University of Tuebingen (Germany); Department of Chemistry, University of Prishtina, Kosovo (Country Unknown); Alesutan, Ioana; Wilmes, Jan [Department of Physiology, University of Tuebingen (Germany)] [Department of Physiology, University of Tuebingen (Germany); Dermaku-Sopjani, Miribane [Department of Physiology, University of Tuebingen (Germany) [Department of Physiology, University of Tuebingen (Germany); Faculty of Medicine, University of Prishtina, Kosovo (Country Unknown); Lam, Rebecca S. [Department of Physiology, University of Tuebingen (Germany) [Department of Physiology, University of Tuebingen (Germany); Department of Molecular Neurogenetics, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Frankfurt/Main (Germany); Koutsouki, Evgenia [Department of Physiology, University of Tuebingen (Germany)] [Department of Physiology, University of Tuebingen (Germany); Jakupi, Muharrem [Faculty of Medicine, University of Prishtina, Kosovo (Country Unknown)] [Faculty of Medicine, University of Prishtina, Kosovo (Country Unknown); Foeller, Michael [Department of Physiology, University of Tuebingen (Germany)] [Department of Physiology, University of Tuebingen (Germany); Lang, Florian, E-mail: florian.lang@uni-tuebingen.de [Department of Physiology, University of Tuebingen (Germany)] [Department of Physiology, University of Tuebingen (Germany)

    2010-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Research highlights: {yields} The oncogenic transcription factor {beta}-catenin stimulates the Na{sup +}/K{sup +}-ATPase. {yields} {beta}-Catenin stimulates SGLT1 dependent Na{sup +}, glucose cotransport. {yields} The effects are independent of transcription. {yields} {beta}-Catenin sensitive transport may contribute to properties of proliferating cells. -- Abstract: {beta}-Catenin is a multifunctional protein stimulating as oncogenic transcription factor several genes important for cell proliferation. {beta}-Catenin-regulated genes include the serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase SGK1, which is known to stimulate a variety of transport systems. The present study explored the possibility that {beta}-catenin influences membrane transport. To this end, {beta}-catenin was expressed in Xenopus oocytes with or without SGLT1 and electrogenic transport determined by dual electrode voltage clamp. As a result, expression of {beta}-catenin significantly enhanced the ouabain-sensitive current of the endogeneous Na{sup +}/K{sup +}-ATPase. Inhibition of vesicle trafficking by brefeldin A revealed that the stimulatory effect of {beta}-catenin on the endogenous Na{sup +}/K{sup +}-ATPase was not due to enhanced stability of the pump protein in the cell membrane. Expression of {beta}-catenin further enhanced glucose-induced current (Ig) in SGLT1-expressing oocytes. In the absence of SGLT1 Ig was negligible irrespective of {beta}-catenin expression. The stimulating effect of {beta}-catenin on both Na{sup +}/K{sup +} ATPase and SGLT1 activity was observed even in the presence of actinomycin D, an inhibitor of transcription. The experiments disclose a completely novel function of {beta}-catenin, i.e. the regulation of transport.

  16. Inhibition of X-ray-induced potentially lethal damage (PLD) repair in aerobic plateau-phase Chinese hamster cells by misonidazole

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, D.M.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The effect of the 2-nitroimidazole radiosensitizer misonidazole (MISO) and the hydrophilic analog SR-2508 on the repair of X-ray-induced potentially lethal damage (PLD) was studied in plateau-phase Chinese Hamster ovary (HA-1) cells. It was found that although MISO does not radiosensitize aerobic cells, it inhibits the repair of PLD. However, under hypoxic conditions, MISO has no effect on PLD repair. The major portion of the inhibition of PLD repair in aerobic cells requires the presence of MISO only during irradiation; little or no additional inhibition occurs when MISO is present during the postirradiation repair period. Also, treatment of aerobic cells with 5 mM MISO for either 5 or 30 min prior to irradiation is equally inhibitory. This suggests that the presence of MISO in some way modifies the initial lesion under aerobic conditions since it does not increase cell killing as determined by immediate plating but inhibits subsequent repair. The inhibition is concentration dependent; 0.5 mM MISO inhibits PLD repair by one-half while 5-10 mM totally inhibits the repair measured 6 hr postirradiation. This phenomenon suggests that radiosensitization of tissue in vivo by MISO and other 2-nitroimidazoles may not be unequivocal proof of the presence of hypoxic cells.

  17. Search for compounds of the NaBaR(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} family (R = La, Nd, Gd, and Yb) and the new NaBaYb(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} orthoborate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Svetlyakova, T. N., E-mail: svetlyakovatn@gmail.com; Kokh, A. E.; Kononova, N. G. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Sobolev Institute of Geology and Mineralogy, Siberian Branch (Russian Federation)] [Russian Academy of Sciences, Sobolev Institute of Geology and Mineralogy, Siberian Branch (Russian Federation); Fedorov, P. P. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Prokhorov General Physics Institute (Russian Federation)] [Russian Academy of Sciences, Prokhorov General Physics Institute (Russian Federation); Rashchenko, S. V. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Sobolev Institute of Geology and Mineralogy, Siberian Branch (Russian Federation)] [Russian Academy of Sciences, Sobolev Institute of Geology and Mineralogy, Siberian Branch (Russian Federation); Maillard, A. [University of Metz and Supelec, Laboratoire Materiaux Optiques, Photonique et Systemes (France)] [University of Metz and Supelec, Laboratoire Materiaux Optiques, Photonique et Systemes (France)

    2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A search for compounds of the NaBaR(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} composition (where R = La{sup 3+}, Nd{sup 3+}, Gd{sup 3+}, or Yb{sup 3+}) is performed by solid state synthesis and spontaneous crystallization. A new compound, NaBaYb(BO{sub 3}){sub 2}, is found in this series. It crystallizes in space group R3{sup -} and belongs to the family of sublayer complex orthoborates with isolated BO{sub 3} groups NaBaR(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} (R = Y, Sc, and Yb). Theoretical X-ray powder diffraction patterns of NaBaY(BO{sub 3}){sub 2}, NaBaSc(BO{sub 3}){sub 2}, and NaBaYb(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} are calculated based on single-crystal data.

  18. THE Na 8200 Angstrom-Sign DOUBLET AS AN AGE INDICATOR IN LOW-MASS STARS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schlieder, Joshua E.; Simon, Michal [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 (United States); Lepine, Sebastien; Rice, Emily [Department of Astrophysics, American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West at 79th Street, New York, NY 10024 (United States); Fielding, Drummond [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, 366 Bloomberg Center, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Tomasino, Rachael, E-mail: michal.simon@stonybrook.edu, E-mail: schlieder@mpia-hd.mpg.de, E-mail: lepine@amnh.org, E-mail: erice@amnh.org, E-mail: dfieldi1@jhu.edu, E-mail: tomas1r@cmich.edu [Department of Physics, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, MI 48859 (United States)

    2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the use of the gravity sensitive neutral sodium (Na I) doublet at 8183 Angstrom-Sign and 8195 Angstrom-Sign (Na 8200 Angstrom-Sign doublet) as an age indicator for M dwarfs. We measured the Na doublet equivalent width (EW) in giants, old dwarfs, young dwarfs, and candidate members of the {beta} Pic moving group using medium-resolution spectra. Our Na 8200 A doublet EW analysis shows that the feature is useful as an approximate age indicator in M-type dwarfs with (V - K{sub s}) {>=} 5.0, reliably distinguishing stars older and younger than 100 Myr. A simple derivation of the dependence of the Na EW on temperature and gravity supports the observational results. An analysis of the effects of metallicity shows that this youth indicator is best used on samples with similar metallicity. The age estimation technique presented here becomes useful in a mass regime where traditional youth indicators are increasingly less reliable, is applicable to other alkali lines, and will help identify new low-mass members in other young clusters and associations.

  19. The synthesis and structural characterization of Na[sub 3]WO[sub 3]N

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elder, S.H. (Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States) Institut des MJateriaux de Nantes, Nantes (France)); DiSalvo, F.J. (Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States)); Parise, J.B. (State Univ. of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, NY (United States)); Hriljac, J.A. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)); Richardson, J.W. Jr. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States))

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors report the discovery of a new ternary oxynitride, Na[sub 3]WO[sub 3]N. Na[sub 3]WO[sub 3]N is synthesized by exposing a eutectic melt consisting of 1/2Na[sub 2]O:1Na[sub 2]WO[sub 4] to a flow of ammonia gas at 695[degrees]C. The compound crystallizes in the acentric space group Pmn2[sub 1] with a = 7.2481(3) [angstrom], b = 6.2728(3) [angstrom], and c = 56493(2) [angstrom]. The structure was determined from synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction data and refined using the Rietveld analysis on neutron powder diffraction data. It is isostructural to the low temperature form of Li[sub 3]PO[sub 4] which can be derived from an ordered wurtzite structure-type with all the atoms having tetrahedral coordination. Alternatively, the structure can be described as being [open quotes]salt-like[close quotes] consisting of isolated (WO[sub 3]N)[sup [minus]3] tetrahedral polyanions separated by Na[sup +].

  20. The chemical instability of Na{sub 2}IrO{sub 3} in air

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krizan, J.W., E-mail: jkrizan@princeton.edu; Roudebush, J.H.; Fox, G.M.; Cava, R.J.

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: • Na{sub 2}IrO{sub 3} decomposes rapidly in laboratory air. • The decomposition requires the simultaneous presence of CO{sub 2} and H{sub 2}O. • Decomposition results in a dramatic change in the magnetic properties. • Second 5 K feature in magnetic susceptibility not previously reported. - Abstract: We report that Na{sub 2}IrO{sub 3}, which has a layered honeycomb iridium oxide sublattice interleaved by Na planes, decomposes in laboratory air while maintaining the same basic crystal structure. The decomposition reaction was monitored by time-dependent powder X-ray diffraction under different ambient atmospheres, through which it was determined that it occurs only in the simultaneous presence of both CO{sub 2} and H{sub 2}O. A hydrated sodium carbonate is the primary decomposition product along with altered Na{sub 2}IrO{sub 3}. The diffraction signature of the altered Na{sub 2}IrO{sub 3} is quite similar to that of the pristine material, which makes the detection of decomposition difficult in a sample handled under ordinary laboratory conditions. The decomposed samples show a significantly decreased magnetic susceptibility and the disappearance of the low temperature antiferromagnetic transition considered to be characteristic of the phase. Samples that have never been exposed to air after synthesis display a previously unreported magnetic transition at 5 K.

  1. Determination of Na submonolayer adsorption site on Cu(111) by low-energy ion blocking

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, R.; Makarenko, B. [Department of Chemistry, University of Houston, Houston, Texas 77204 (United States); Bahrim, B. [Department of Chemistry and Physics, Lamar University, Beaumont, Texas 77710 (United States); Rabalais, J. W. [Department of Chemistry, University of Houston, Houston, Texas 77204 (United States); Department of Chemistry and Physics, Lamar University, Beaumont, Texas 77710 (United States)

    2007-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The structure of a submonolayer coverage of sodium adsorbed on a Cu(111) surface at room temperature has been investigated using time-of-flight scattering and recoiling spectrometry. The effect of the adsorbed Na atoms on the angular distribution of scattered 2 keV H{sup +} ions is analyzed by molecular dynamics and scattering and recoiling imaging code simulations. It is shown that at a coverage {theta}=0.25 monolayer, Na atoms preferentially populate the fcc threefold surface sites with a height of 2.7{+-}0.1 A above the first-layer Cu atoms. At a lower coverage of {theta}=0.10 ML, there is no adsorption site preference for the Na atoms on the Cu(111) surface.

  2. Decontamination and decommissioning plan for processing contaminated NaK at the INEL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    LaRue, D.M.; Dolenc, M.R.

    1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This decontamination and decommissioning (D D) plan describes the work elements and project management plan for processing four containers of contaminated sodium/potassium (NaK) and returning the Army Reentry Vehicle Facility Site (ARVFS) to a reusable condition. The document reflects the management plan for this project before finalizing the conceptual design and preliminary prototype tests of the reaction kinetics. As a result, the safety, environmental, and accident analyses are addressed as preliminary assessments before completion at a later date. ARVFS contains an earth-covered bunker, a cylindrical test pit and metal shed, and a cable trench connecting the two items. The bunker currently stores the four containers of NaK from the meltdown of the EBR-1 Mark II core. The D D project addressed in this plan involves processing the contaminated NaK and returning the ARVFS to potential reuse after cleanup.

  3. Decontamination and decommissioning plan for processing contaminated NaK at the INEL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    LaRue, D.M.; Dolenc, M.R.

    1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This decontamination and decommissioning (D&D) plan describes the work elements and project management plan for processing four containers of contaminated sodium/potassium (NaK) and returning the Army Reentry Vehicle Facility Site (ARVFS) to a reusable condition. The document reflects the management plan for this project before finalizing the conceptual design and preliminary prototype tests of the reaction kinetics. As a result, the safety, environmental, and accident analyses are addressed as preliminary assessments before completion at a later date. ARVFS contains an earth-covered bunker, a cylindrical test pit and metal shed, and a cable trench connecting the two items. The bunker currently stores the four containers of NaK from the meltdown of the EBR-1 Mark II core. The D&D project addressed in this plan involves processing the contaminated NaK and returning the ARVFS to potential reuse after cleanup.

  4. Metal-insulator transition in Na{sub x}WO{sub 3}: Photoemission spectromicroscopy study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paul, Sanhita, E-mail: raj@iiserkol.ac.in; Ghosh, Anirudha, E-mail: raj@iiserkol.ac.in; Raj, Satyabrata, E-mail: raj@iiserkol.ac.in [Department of Physical Sciences, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research - Kolkata, Mohanpur Campus, Nadia -741252, West Bengal (India)

    2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We have investigated the validity of percolation model, which is quite often invoked to explain the metal-insulator transition in sodium tungsten bronzes, Na{sub x}WO{sub 3} by photoelectron spectromicroscopy. The spatially resolved direct spectromicroscopic probing on both the insulating and metallic phases of high quality single crystals of Na{sub x}WO{sub 3} reveals the absence of any microscopic inhomogeneities embedded in the system within the experimental limit. Neither any metallic domains in the insulating host nor any insulating domains in the metallic host have been found to support the validity of percolation model to explain the metal-insulator transition in Na{sub x}WO{sub 3}.

  5. Thermodynamic and kinetic analyses of the CO2 chemisorption mechanism on Na2TiO3: Experimental and theoretical evidences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duan, Yuhua [U.S. DOE

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ABSTRACT: Sodium metatitanate (Na2TiO3) was successfully synthesized via a solid-state reaction. The Na2TiO3 structure and microstructure were characterized using X-ray diffraction, scanning and transmission electron microscopy, and N2 adsorption. Then, the CO2 chemisorption mechanism on Na2TiO3 was systematically analyzed to determine the influence of temperature. The CO2 chemisorption capacity of Na2TiO3 was evaluated both dynamically and isothermally, and the products were reanalyzed to elucidate the Na2TiO3?CO2 reaction mechanism. Different chemical species (Na2CO3, Na2O, and Na4Ti5O12 or Na16Ti10O28) were identified during the CO2 capture process in Na2TiO3. In addition, some CO2 chemisorption kinetic parameters were determined. The ?H? was found to be 140.9 kJ/mol, to the Na2TiO3?CO2 system, between 600 and 780 °C. Results evidenced that CO2 chemisorption on Na2TiO3 highly depends on the reaction temperature. Furthermore, the experiments were theoretically supported by different thermodynamic calculations. The calculated thermodynamic properties of CO2 capture reactions by (Na2TiO3, Na4Ti5O12, and Na16Ti10O28) sodium titanates were fully investigated.

  6. Modeling the diffusion of Na+ in compacted water-saturated Na-bentonite as a function of pore water ionic strength

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bourg, I.C.; Sposito, G.; Bourg, A.C.M.

    2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Assessments of bentonite barrier performance in waste management scenarios require an accurate description of the diffusion of water and solutes through the barrier. A two-compartment macropore/nanopore model (on which smectite interlayer nanopores are treated as a distinct compartment of the overall pore space) was applied to describe the diffusion of {sup 22}Na{sup +} in compacted, water-saturated Na-bentonites and then compared with the well-known surface diffusion model. The two-compartment model successfully predicted the observed weak ionic strength dependence of the apparent diffusion coefficient (D{sub a}) of Na{sup +}, whereas the surface diffusion model did not, thus confirming previous research indicating the strong influence of interlayer nanopores on the properties of smectite clay barriers. Since bentonite mechanical properties and pore water chemistry have been described successfully with two-compartment models, the results in the present study represent an important contribution toward the construction of a comprehensive two-compartment model of compacted bentonite barriers.

  7. Zdost o upustn od odborn pijmac zkousky do navazujcho magisterskho studia na MFF UK v Praze

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    pro akademický rok 2015/16 (zakrouzkujte dvod, který dokládáte a vyplte potebné údaje): dle bodu 1 absolventy nebo studenty posledního rocníku bakaláského studijního oboru Obecná fyzika 1701R026." dle bodu 2 oboru Fyzika zamená na vzdlávání 7504R183." dle bodu 3) ,,Od pijímací zkousky na magisterské studium

  8. POST-OPERATIONAL TREATMENT OF RESIDUAL NA COOLLANT IN EBR-2 USING CARBONATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sherman, S.; Knight, C.

    2011-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

    At the end of 2002, the Experimental Breeder Reactor Two (EBR-II) facility became a U.S. Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) permitted site, and the RCRA permit1 compelled further treatment of the residual sodium in order to convert it into a less reactive chemical form and remove the by-products from the facility, so that a state of RCRA 'closure' for the facility may be achieved (42 U.S.C. 6901-6992k, 2002). In response to this regulatory driver, and in recognition of project budgetary and safety constraints, it was decided to treat the residual sodium in the EBR-II primary and secondary sodium systems using a process known as 'carbonation.' In early EBR-II post-operation documentation, this process is also called 'passivation.' In the carbonation process (Sherman and Henslee, 2005), the system containing residual sodium is flushed with humidified carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}). The water vapor in the flush gas reacts with residual sodium to form sodium hydroxide (NaOH), and the CO{sub 2} in the flush gas reacts with the newly formed NaOH to make sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO{sub 3}). Hydrogen gas (H{sub 2}) is produced as a by-product. The chemical reactions occur at the exposed surface of the residual sodium. The NaHCO{sub 3} layer that forms is porous, and humidified carbon dioxide can penetrate the NaHCO{sub 3} layer to continue reacting residual sodium underneath. The rate of reaction is controlled by the thickness of the NaHCO{sub 3} surface layer, the moisture input rate, and the residual sodium exposed surface area. At the end of carbonation, approximately 780 liters of residual sodium in the EBR-II primary tank ({approx}70% of original inventory), and just under 190 liters of residual sodium in the EBR-II secondary sodium system ({approx}50% of original inventory), were converted into NaHCO{sub 3}. No bare surfaces of residual sodium remained after treatment, and all remaining residual sodium deposits are covered by a layer of NaHCO{sub 3}. From a safety standpoint, the inventory of residual sodium in these systems was greatly reduced by using the carbonation process. From a regulatory standpoint, the process was not able to achieve deactivation of all residual sodium, and other more aggressive measures will be needed if the remaining residual sodium must also be deactivated to meet the requirements of the existing environmental permit. This chapter provides a project history and technical summary of the carbonation of EBR-II residual sodium. Options for future treatment are also discussed.

  9. The effect of NaCl salinity on bell pepper photosynthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bethke, Paul Carl

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    annuum cv. Tambel-2, were grown in hydroponics and then salinized to 0, 50, 100 or 150 mM NaC1. Photosynthetic rates of individual leaves were measured on several occasions during the salinization period (usually 10 to 14 d) with an ' open' gas...-exchange system. These rates were reduced by NaC1 concentrations of 100 mM or higher. Stomatal conductance was concurrently reduced, but nonstomatal effects seem to be primarily responsible for decreases in photosynthesis. The correlation between either leaf...

  10. For-Ghaeltacht n Gaeltacht Fhoril? Mein Shisialta agus Forbairt na Gaeilge i Meirice Thuaidh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scannell, Kevin Patrick

    . Gan an mhais chriticiúil seo, is fíordheacair clann a thógáil le Gaeilge1, agus dá bharr sin is daoine seo, gur rud dona é seo. Tá a fhios agam go bhfuil roinnt daoine i Meiriceá Thuaidh a bhfuil Gaeilge pobal na Gaeltachta in �irinn. Ceann de na fáthanna atá leis seo ná an easpa cainteoirí dúchais i

  11. NA-ASC-500-13 Issue 26 ASC eNews Quarterly Newsletter

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA groupTubahq.na.govSecurityMaintaining theSan Jose-San| NationalNA-ASC-500-13

  12. Synthesis of Li{sub (x)}Na{sub (2-x)}Mn{sub 2}S{sub 3} and LiNaMnS{sub 2} through redox-induced ion exchange reactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luthy, Joshua A.; Goodman, Phillip L. [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Texas State University-San Marcos, 601 University Drive, San Marcos, TX 78666 (United States); Martin, Benjamin R. [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Texas State University-San Marcos, 601 University Drive, San Marcos, TX 78666 (United States)], E-mail: bmartin@txstate.edu

    2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Na{sub 2}Mn{sub 2}S{sub 3} was oxidatively deintercalated using iodine in acetonitrile to yield Na{sub 1.3}Mn{sub 2}S{sub 3}, with lattice constants nearly identical to that of the reactant. Lithium was then reductively intercalated into the oxidized product to yield Li{sub 0.7}Na{sub 1.3}Mn{sub 2}S{sub 3}. When heated, this metastable compound decomposed to form a new crystalline compound, LiNaMnS{sub 2}, along with MnS and residual Na{sub 2}Mn{sub 2}S{sub 3}. Single crystal X-ray diffraction structural analysis of LiNaMnS{sub 2} revealed that this compound crystallizes in P-3m1 with cell parameters a=4.0479(6) A, c=6.7759(14) A, V=96.15(3) A{sup 3} (Z=1, wR2=0.0367) in the NaLiCdS{sub 2} structure-type. - Graphical abstract: Structure of LiNaMnS{sub 2}. Li and Mn are statistically distributed in edge-shared tetrahedral environments linked into infinite planes. Sodium ions occupy interlayer sites.

  13. Design, Fabrication and Integration of a NaK-Cooled Circuit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garber, Anne; Godfroy, Thomas [NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, MSFC, AL 35824 (United States)

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Early Flight Fission Test Facilities (EFF-TF) team has been tasked by the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Nuclear Systems Office to design, fabricate, and test an actively pumped alkali metal flow circuit. The system, which was originally designed for use with a eutectic mixture of sodium potassium (NaK), was redesigned for use with lithium. Due to a shift in focus, it is once again being prepared for use with NaK. Changes made to the actively pumped, high temperature circuit include the replacement of the expansion reservoir, addition of remotely operated valves, and modification of the support table. Basic circuit components include: reactor segment, NaK to gas heat exchanger, electromagnetic (EM) liquid metal pump, load/drain reservoir, expansion reservoir, instrumentation, and a spill reservoir. A 37-pin partial-array core (pin and flow path dimensions are the same as those in a full design) was selected for fabrication and test. This paper summarizes the integration and preparations for the fill of the pumped NaK circuit. (authors)

  14. Grant Title: KAUFFMAN DISSERTATION FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM Funding Opportunity Number: N/A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farritor, Shane

    Grant Title: KAUFFMAN DISSERTATION FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM Funding Opportunity Number: N/A Agency: The Kauffman Dissertation Fellowship Program is an annual competitive program that awards up to fifteen Dissertation Fellowship grants of $20,000 each to Ph.D., D.B.A., or other doctoral students at accredited U

  15. Grant Title: MELLON/ACLS DISSERTATION COMPLETION FELLOWSHIPS Funding Opportunity Number: N/A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farritor, Shane

    Grant Title: MELLON/ACLS DISSERTATION COMPLETION FELLOWSHIPS Funding Opportunity Number: N/A Agency, and their principal dissertation supervisor holds an appointment in a humanities field or related social science field.); (b) have all requirements for the Ph.D. except the dissertation completed before beginning fellowship

  16. Grant Title: APA DISSERTATION RESEARCH AWARD PROGRAM Funding Opportunity Number: N/A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farritor, Shane

    Grant Title: APA DISSERTATION RESEARCH AWARD PROGRAM Funding Opportunity Number: N/A Agency/Department: American Psychological Association. Area of Research: Dissertation research in psychology. Release-40 grants of $1000 each, along with several larger grants of up to $5000 to students whose dissertation

  17. Grant Title: AMERICAN HONDA FOUNDATION GRANTS Funding Opportunity Number: N/A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farritor, Shane

    Grant Title: AMERICAN HONDA FOUNDATION GRANTS Funding Opportunity Number: N/A Agency/Department: American Honda Foundation. Area of Research: Youth and scientific education. Release and Expiration: N list of eligible applicants. Summary: The American Honda Foundation engages in grant making

  18. Departamento de Electronica e Sistemas Grupo de Arquitectura de Computadores Universidade da Coru~na

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraguela, Basilio B.

    Departamento de Electr´onica e Sistemas Grupo de Arquitectura de Computadores Universidade da Coru 2004­ p.1/29 #12;Departamento de Electr´onica e Sistemas Grupo de Arquitectura de Computadores´onica e Sistemas Grupo de Arquitectura de Computadores Universidade da Coru~na AC LUCEH Curriculum Vitae

  19. Nonlinear Analysis 65 (2006) 17051724 www.elsevier.com/locate/na

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pola, Giordano

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    extensively pursued (see [1,2,7]). These models are required to achieve better control accuracy since for the control strategies. Traditional techniques used mean-value models (see [4] for a comprehensive listNonlinear Analysis 65 (2006) 1705­1724 www.elsevier.com/locate/na Digital idle speed control

  20. Viability Kernel for Ecosystem Management Models Eladio Oca~na Anaya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Viability Kernel for Ecosystem Management Models Eladio Oca~na Anaya Michel De Lara Ricardo task in general. We study the viability of nonlinear generic ecosystem models under preservation in the Peruvian upwelling ecosystem. Key words: control theory; state constraints; viability; predator

  1. Super-Elastic and Plastic Shock Waves Generated by Lasers N.A. Inogamov a,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fominov, Yakov

    Super-Elastic and Plastic Shock Waves Generated by Lasers N.A. Inogamov a,1 , V.V. Zhakhovsky b,3 fortov@ihed.ras.ru, i oleynik@usf.edu Keywords: Femtosecond laser-matter interactions, elastic-plastic there is an elastic shock wave (SW), which propagates before the strong plastic shock with plastic pressures of up

  2. Field Tests of a NaI(Tl)-Based Vehicle Portal Monitor at Border Crossings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stromswold, David C.; Darkoch, Justin; Ely, James H.; Hansen, Randy R.; Kouzes, Richard T.; Milbrath, Brian D.; Runkle, Robert C.; Sliger, William A.; Smart, John E.; Stephens, Daniel L.; Todd, Lindsay C.; Woodring, Mitchell L.

    2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Radiation portal monitors are commonly used at international border crossings to detect illicit transport of radioactive material. Most monitors use plastic scintillators to detect gamma rays, but next-generation monitors may contain NaI(Tl). In order to directly compare the performance of the two types of detectors, a prototype NaI(Tl) monitor was tested at two international border crossings adjacent to a comparable plastic scintillator monitor. The NaI(Tl) monitor housed four large detectors, each 10.2 cm x 10.2 cm x 41 cm. The empirical data set from the two field tests contains approximately 3800 passages with known cargo loads for each vehicle For a small subset of the vehicles, high purity germanium detector spectra were also collected. During the survey period several vehicles containing commercial products with naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM) passed through the monitor. Typical NORM cargo included pottery, large granite slabs, rock-based floor tiles, construction stone blocks, abrasive material, and fertilizer. Non-NORM sources encountered during the field tests included a large source of 60Co (200,000 GBq) and a shipment of uranium oxide, both items being legally transported. The information obtained during the tests provides a good empirical data set to compare the effectiveness of NaI(Tl) and plastic-scintillator portal monitors. The capability to be sensitive to illicit materials, but not alarm on NORM, is a key figure of merit for portal monitors. (PIET-43741-TM-210)

  3. Upper limit on the cross section for reactor antineutrinos changing 22Na decay rates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. J. de Meijer; S. W. Steyn

    2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we present results of a long-term observation of the decay of 22Na in the presence of a nuclear fission reactor. The measurements were made outside the containment wall of and underneath the Koeberg nuclear power plant near Cape Town, South Africa. Antineutrino fluxes ranged from ~5*10^11 to 1.6*10^13 cm^-2 s^-1 during this period. We show that the coincidence summing technique provides a sensitive tool to measure a change in the total decay constant as well as the branching ratio between EC and beta+ decay of 22Na to the first excited state in 22Ne. We observe a relative change in count rate between reactor-ON and reactor-OFF equal to (-0.51+/-0.11)*10^-4. After evaluating possible systematic uncertainties we conclude that the effect is either due to a hidden instrumental cause or due to an interaction between antineutrinos and the 22Na nucleus. An upper limit of ~0.03 barn has been deduced for observing any change in the decay rate of 22Na due to antineutrino interactions.

  4. HOSSEINI et al Optimization of NaOH thermo-chemical pre-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A municipal solid waste produced in urban and rural communities is a serious pollution source of water; Response Surface Method; water resource; pollution INTRODUCTION Large amount of solid waste is producedHOSSEINI et al Optimization of NaOH thermo-chemical pre- treatment for enhancing solubilisation

  5. f i na n c i a l r e p o rt Report of Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements A Significant Accounting Policies B Accounting Changes Cf i na n c i a l r e p o rt Report of Management Report of Independent Accountants Management Discussion Consolidated Financial Statements Earnings Financial Position Cash Flows Stockholders' Equity

  6. Beta-delayed gamma spectroscopy of neutron rich 27,28,29Na

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tripathi, V.; Tabor, S.L.; Hoffman, C.R.; Wiedeking, M.; Volya,A.; Mantica, P.F.; Davies, A.D.; Liddick, S.N.; Mueller, W.F.; Stolz, A.; Tomlin, B.E.

    2006-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The low-energy level structure of the exotic Na isotopes {sup 27,28,29}Na has been investigated through {beta}-delayed {gamma} spectroscopy. Detailed level structure of {sup 28,29}Na has been obtained through {beta}{gamma} and {beta}{gamma}{gamma} coincidence measurements. The low-lying levels populated in {sup 27}Na by {beta} decay were found to corroborate well with the in-beam data from the literature. Half-lives of the parent nuclides, {sup 27,28,29}Ne, were measured using {beta} fragment as well as fragment {beta}{gamma} coincidences and compared to previous measurements. The {beta}-delayed one- and two-neutron emission branching probabilities have been obtained from the {gamma} activities of the grand daughter nuclei. A comparison of the level schemes and the {beta}-decay branching ratios is made with shell-model predictions, both with and without intruder configurations, to understand the transition from normal-dominant to intruder-dominant excitations in these neutron-rich nuclei approaching the island of inversion.

  7. {beta}-delayed {gamma} spectroscopy of neutron rich {sup 27,28,29}Na

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tripathi, Vandana; Tabor, S.L.; Hoffman, C.R.; Wiedeking, M.; Volya, A.; Otsuka, T.; Utsuno, Y. [Department of Physics, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306 (United States); Department of Physics and Center for Nuclear Study, University of Tokyo, Hongo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan) and RIKEN, Hirosawa, Wako-shi, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Advanced Science Research Centre, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai, Ibaraki 319-1195 (Japan); Mantica, P.F.; Liddick, S.N.; Tomlin, B.E. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States); Department of Chemistry, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States); Davies, A.D. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States); Mueller, W.F.; Stolz, A. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States)

    2006-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The low-energy level structure of the exotic Na isotopes {sup 27,28,29}Na has been investigated through {beta}-delayed {gamma} spectroscopy. Detailed level structure of {sup 28,29}Na has been obtained through {beta}{gamma} and {beta}{gamma}{gamma} coincidence measurements. The low-lying levels populated in {sup 27}Na by {beta} decay were found to corroborate well with the in-beam data from the literature. Half-lives of the parent nuclides, {sup 27,28,29}Ne, were measured using {beta} fragment as well as fragment {beta}{gamma} coincidences and compared to previous measurements. The {beta}-delayed one- and two-neutron emission branching probabilities have been obtained from the {gamma} activities of the grand daughter nuclei. A comparison of the level schemes and the {beta}-decay branching ratios is made with shell-model predictions, both with and without intruder configurations, to understand the transition from normal-dominant to intruder-dominant excitations in these neutron-rich nuclei approaching the island of inversion.

  8. Grant Title: NATIONAL ACADEMY OF EDUCATION/SPENCER POSTDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIP Funding Opportunity Number: N/A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farritor, Shane

    Grant Title: NATIONAL ACADEMY OF EDUCATION/SPENCER POSTDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIP Funding Opportunity Number: N/A Agency/Department: The National Academy of Education/Spencer. Area of Research: Fellowship, 2011. Summary: TThe National Academy of Education/Spencer Postdoctoral Fellowship Program supports

  9. LQ Optimal Control of Wind Turbines in Hybrid Power Systems N.A. Cutululis1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LQ Optimal Control of Wind Turbines in Hybrid Power Systems N.A. Cutululis1 , H. Bindner1 , I power systems represent a viable solution for rural electrification. One of the most important aspects taken into account for the design of a wind ­ diesel power system is the wind power penetration, which

  10. Challenges for Na-ion Negative Electrodes V. L. Chevrier and G. Ceder*,z

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ceder, Gerbrand

    -ion batteries have been proposed as candidates for replacing Li-ion batteries. In this paper we examine obtainable with lithiated graphite. These findings highlight the need of novel ideas for Na-ion negative submitted May 10, 2011; revised manuscript received June 13, 2011. Published July 14, 2011. Li-ion batteries

  11. Cellular/Molecular Vestibular Hair Bundles Control pH with (Na , K )/H

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rao, Rajini

    Cellular/Molecular Vestibular Hair Bundles Control pH with (Na , K )/H Exchangers NHE6 and NHE9 21205, and 3Graduate School of Life Science, University of Hyogo, Ako, Hyogo 678-1297, Japan In hair acidify mechani- cally sensitive hair bundles without efficient removal of H . We found that, whereas

  12. Na, Mg, Ni and Cs distribution and speciation after long-term alteration of a simulated nuclear waste glass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    distribution and speciation of Na, Mg, Ni and Cs in a simulated (inactive) nuclear waste glass were studied and Cs represent dose determining long-lived radionuclides (59 Ni, 135 Cs) in vitrified nuclear wasteNa, Mg, Ni and Cs distribution and speciation after long-term alteration of a simulated nuclear

  13. Effects of the treatment of straw with NaOH and urea solutions on ingestibility and digestibility in sheep

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Effects of the treatment of straw with NaOH and urea solutions on ingestibility and digestibility of digestibility measures. The main results appear in table I. Straw intake and digestibility were in- creased by the treatments. This was par- ticularly true for NaOH treatments with the exception of nitrogen digestibility

  14. The effect of Na in polycrystalline and epitaxial single-crystal CuIn1xGaxSe2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rockett, Angus

    online 15 December 2004 Abstract Na is found to improve the performance of Cu(In,Ga)Se2 (CIGS) solar the highest efficiency, exceeding 19%, of any thin film polycrystalline solar cell [1]. The diodes work well cells although the mechanism is not clear. This paper briefly reviews some of the observations on Na

  15. Calcite dissolution and Ca/Na ion-exchange reactions in columns with different flow rates through high ESR soil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Navarre, Audrey

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The leaching of a Na?-affected calcareous soil with water results in two concurrent recesses: (i) CaCO? dissolution, and (ii) replacement of Na? on the cation-exchange complex by Ca²?. In the current study, Woodward soil (coarse-silty, mixed...

  16. Calcite dissolution and Ca/Na ion-exchange reactions in columns with different flow rates through high ESR soil 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Navarre, Audrey

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The leaching of a Na?-affected calcareous soil with water results in two concurrent recesses: (i) CaCO? dissolution, and (ii) replacement of Na? on the cation-exchange complex by Ca²?. In the current study, Woodward soil (coarse-silty, mixed...

  17. Background studies for NaI(Tl) detectors in the ANAIS dark matter project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Amaré, J.; Borjabad, S.; Cebrián, S.; Cuesta, C.; Fortuño, D.; García, E.; Ginestra, C.; Gómez, H.; Martínez, M.; Oliván, M. A.; Ortigoza, Y.; Solórzano, A. Ortiz de; Pobes, C.; Puimedón, J.; Sarsa, M. L.; Villar, J. A.; Villar, P. [Laboratorio de Física Nuclear y Astropartículas, Universidad de Zaragoza, Calle Pedro Cerbuna 12, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain and Laboratorio Subterráneo de Canfranc, Paseo de los Ayerbe s/n, 22880 Canfranc Estación, Huesca (Spain)] [Laboratorio de Física Nuclear y Astropartículas, Universidad de Zaragoza, Calle Pedro Cerbuna 12, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain and Laboratorio Subterráneo de Canfranc, Paseo de los Ayerbe s/n, 22880 Canfranc Estación, Huesca (Spain)

    2013-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Several large NaI(Tl) detectors, produced by different companies, have been operated in the Canfranc Underground Laboratory (LSC) in the frame of the ANAIS (Annual modulation with NaI Scintillators) project devoted to the direct detection of dark matter. A complete background model has been developed for a 9.6 kg detector (referred as ANAIS-0 prototype) after a long data taking at LSC. Activities from the natural chains of {sup 238}U and {sup 232}Th, and {sup 40}K in the NaI(Tl) crystal were evaluated applying different methods: discrimination of alpha particles vs beta/gamma background by Pulse Shape Analysis for quantifying the content of the natural chains and coincidence techniques for {sup 40}K. Radioactive contaminations in the detector and shielding components were also determined by HPGe spectrometry. Monte Carlo simulations using Geant4 package were carried out to evaluate their contribution. At high energies, most of the measured background is nicely reproduced; at low energy some non-explained components are still present, although some plausible background sources have been analyzed. The {sup 40}K content of the NaI(Tl) crystal has been confirmed to be the dominant contributor to the measured background with this detector. In addition, preliminary results of the background characterization, presently underway at the LSC, of two recently produced NaI(Tl) detectors, with 12.5 kg mass each, will be presented: cosmogenic induced activity has been clearly observed and is being quantified, and {sup 40}K activity at a level ten times lower than in ANAIS-0 has been determined.

  18. Cleaning residual NaK in the fast flux test facility fuel storage cooling system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burke, T.M.; Church, W.R. [Fluor Hanford, PO Box 1000, Richland, Washington, 99352 (United States); Hodgson, K.M. [Fluor Government Group, PO Box 1050, Richland, Washington, 99352 (United States)

    2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF), located on the U.S. Department of Energy's Hanford Reservation, is a liquid metal-cooled test reactor. The FFTF was constructed to support the U.S. Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor Program. The bulk of the alkali metal (sodium and NaK) has been drained and will be stored onsite prior to final disposition. Residual NaK needed to be removed from the pipes, pumps, heat exchangers, tanks, and vessels in the Fuel Storage Facility (FSF) cooling system. The cooling system was drained in 2004 leaving residual NaK in the pipes and equipment. The estimated residual NaK volume was 76 liters in the storage tank, 1.9 liters in the expansion tank, and 19-39 liters in the heat transfer loop. The residual NaK volume in the remainder of the system was expected to be very small, consisting of films, droplets, and very small pools. The NaK in the FSF Cooling System was not radiologically contaminated. The portions of the cooling system to be cleaned were divided into four groups: 1. The storage tank, filter, pump, and associated piping; 2. The heat exchanger, expansion tank, and associated piping; 3. Argon supply piping; 4. In-vessel heat transfer loop. The cleaning was contracted to Creative Engineers, Inc. (CEI) and they used their superheated steam process to clean the cooling system. It has been concluded that during the modification activities (prior to CEI coming onsite) to prepare the NaK Cooling System for cleaning, tank T-914 was pressurized relative to the In-Vessel NaK Cooler and NaK was pushed from the tank back into the Cooler and that on November 6, 2005, when the gas purge through the In-Vessel NaK Cooler was increased from 141.6 slm to 283.2 slm, NaK was forced from the In-Vessel NaK Cooler and it contacted water in the vent line and/or scrubber. The gases from the reaction then traveled back through the vent line coating the internal surface of the vent line with NaK and NaK reaction products. The hot gases also exited the scrubber through the stack and due to the temperature of the gas, the hydrogen auto ignited when it mixed with the oxygen in the air. There was no damage to equipment, no injuries, and no significant release of hazardous material. Even though the FSF Cooling System is the only system at FFTF that contains residual NaK, there are lessons to be learned from this event that can be applied to future residual sodium removal activities. The lessons learned are: - Before cleaning equipment containing residual alkali metal the volume of alkali metal in the equipment should be minimized to the extent practical. As much as possible, reconfirm the amount and location of the alkali metal immediately prior to cleaning, especially if additional evolutions have been performed or significant time has passed. This is especially true for small diameter pipe (<20.3 centimeters diameter) that is being cleaned in place since gas flow is more likely to move the alkali metal. Potential confirmation methods could include visual inspection (difficult in all-metal systems), nondestructive examination (e.g., ultrasonic measurements) and repeating previous evolutions used to drain the system. Also, expect to find alkali metal in places it would not reasonably be expected to be. - Staff with an intimate knowledge of the plant equipment and the bulk alkali metal draining activities is critical to being able to confirm the amount and locations of the alkali metal residuals and to safely clean the residuals. - Minimize the potential for movement of alkali metal during cleaning or limit the distance and locations into which alkali metal can move. - Recognize that when working with alkali metal reactions, occasional pops and bangs are to be anticipated. - Pre-plan emergency responses to unplanned events to assure responses planned for an operating reactor are appropriate for the deactivation phase.

  19. OR I GI NA L S I GNE D B Y OR I GI NA L S I GNE D B Y

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible for Renewable Energy:Nanowire3627 FederalTransformers |OJT!LSU/CAMD ProcedureNA L S I GNE

  20. Stabilization of bimolecular islands on ultrathin NaCl films by a vicinal substrate M.E. Caas-Ventura a,b,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brune, Harald

    Stabilization of bimolecular islands on ultrathin NaCl films by a vicinal substrate M.E. Cañas-Ventura

  1. Densities and refractive indexes of aqueous (Li,K,Na) NO[sub 3] mixtures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ally, M.R.; Zaltash, A.; Linkous, R.L. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Energy Div.); Klatt, L.N. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Analytical Chemistry Div.)

    1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes experimental procedures and techniques for measuring densities and/or refractive indexes of aqueous salt solutions between 25 and 200 [degrees]C and with 18.90-90.50 wt % mixed salt (LINO[sub 3], KNO[sub 3], and NaNO[sub 3]). An electrolyte solution of (LI, K, Na) NO[sub 3] slats in water was chosen for study because of its recent development as a potential high-temperature heat pump fluid, but any other appropriate fluid may be accommodated for study in the apparatus. The densities and refractive indexes are shown to represent a convenient way to measuring the concentration of salt (or water), and accuracies of [plus minus]0.8 and [plus minus]0.3 wt % total mixed salt were achieved by using the above two methods, respectively.

  2. The 23Na(?,p) 26Mg reaction rate at astrophysically relevant energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. M. Howard; M. Munch; H. O. U. Fynbo; O. S. Kirsebom; K. L. Laursen; C. Aa. Diget; N. J. Hubbard

    2015-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The production of 26 Al in massive stars is sensitive to the 23 Na(a,p) 26 Mg cross section. Recent experimental data suggest the currently recommended cross sections are underestimated by a factor of 40. We present here differential cross sections for the 23 Na(a,p) 26 Mg reaction measured in the energy range E c.m. = 1.7 - 2.5 MeV. Concurrent measurements of Rutherford scattering provide absolute normalisations which are independent of variations in target properties. Angular distributions were measured for both p 0 and p 1 permitting the determination of total cross sections. The results show no significant deviation from the statistical model calculations upon which the recommended rates are based. We therefore retain the previous recommendation without the increase in cross section and resulting stellar reaction rates of a factor of 40, impacting on the 26 Al yield from massive stars by more than a factor of three.

  3. The performance of thin NaI(Tl) scintillator plate for dark matter search

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. Fushimi; H. Kawasuso; E. Aihara; R. Hayami; M. Toi; K. Yasuda; S. Nakayama; N. Koori; M. Nomachi; K. Ichihara; R. Hazama; S. Yoshida; S. Umehara; K. Imagawa; H. Ito

    2006-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A thin (0.05cm) and wide area (5cmX5cm) NaI(Tl) scintillator was developed. The performance of the thin NaI(Tl) plate, energy resolution, single photoelectron energy and position sensitivity were tested. An excellent energy resolution of 20% (FWHM) at 60keV was obtained. The single photoelectron energy was calculated to be approximately 0.42 0.02keV. Position information in the 5cmx5cm area of the detector was also obtained by analyzing the ratio of the number of photons collected at opposite ends of the detector. The position resolution was obtained to be 1cm (FWHM) in the 5cmx5cm area.

  4. High Density Hydrogen Storage System Demonstration Using NaAlH4 Based Complex Compound Hydrides

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daniel A. Mosher; Xia Tang; Ronald J. Brown; Sarah Arsenault; Salvatore Saitta; Bruce L. Laube; Robert H. Dold; Donald L. Anton

    2007-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

    This final report describes the motivations, activities and results of the hydrogen storage independent project "High Density Hydrogen Storage System Demonstration Using NaAlH4 Based Complex Compound Hydrides" performed by the United Technologies Research Center under the Department of Energy Hydrogen Program, contract # DE-FC36-02AL67610. The objectives of the project were to identify and address the key systems technologies associated with applying complex hydride materials, particularly ones which differ from those for conventional metal hydride based storage. This involved the design, fabrication and testing of two prototype systems based on the hydrogen storage material NaAlH4. Safety testing, catalysis studies, heat exchanger optimization, reaction kinetics modeling, thermochemical finite element analysis, powder densification development and material neutralization were elements included in the effort.

  5. Spectral Content of 22Na/44Ti Decay Data: Implications for a Solar Influence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniel O'Keefe; Brittany L. Morreale; Robert H. Lee; John B. Buncher; Ephraim Fischbach; Tom Gruenwald; Jere H. Jenkins; Daniel Javorsek II; Peter A. Sturrock

    2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We report a reanalysis of data on the measured decay rate ratio $^{22}$Na/$^{44}$Ti which were originally published by Norman et al., and interpreted as supporting the conventional hypothesis that nuclear decay rates are constant and not affected by outside influences. We find upon a more detailed analysis of both the amplitude and the phase of the Norman data that they actually favor the presence of an annual variation in $^{22}$Na/$^{44}$Ti, albeit weakly. Moreover, this conclusion holds for a broad range of parameters describing the amplitude and phase of an annual sinusoidal variation in these data. The results from this and related analyses underscore the growing importance of phase considerations in understanding the possible influence of the Sun on nuclear decays. Our conclusions with respect to the phase of the Norman data are consistent with independent analyses of solar neutrino data obtained at Super-Kamiokande-I and the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO).

  6. Živalska frazeologija v govoru vasi Dob pri Pliberku na avstrijskem Koroškem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trampusch, Tatjana

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    praslovanskega modela frazema kdo/kaj iti rakorn iviigat ugotav- lja W. Eismann, da vsekakor lahko izhajamo iz - V slovanskem kulturnem pro- storu razSirjene - prvotne oblike iti k rakorn, iti rakorn iviigat z izvornim pome- nom 'izgubiti se, izginiti...- 'wi:na. V dobljanskem govoru s tem primerjalnim frazemom oznatujejo predvsem divje obnaganje pijancev, mladine in otrok - prim. tudi iivina kot psovka, ki pome- ni surovega in nasilnega (SSKJ V: 1005) Eloveka; FE lahko prav tako opisuje razpo...

  7. LIVROS DIDTICOS E SUAS FUNES PARA O PROFESSOR DE MATEMTICA NO BRASIL E NA FRANA.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    LIVROS DIDÁTICOS E SUAS FUN��ES PARA O PROFESSOR DE MATEMÁTICA NO BRASIL E NA FRAN�A. Clovis Gomes (França) GP 0517 Psicologia da educação matemática ­UNICAMP Campinas SP (Brasil) Jean dois países. No Brasil a compra de livros didáticos pelo governo brasileiro envolve volumes e cifras de

  8. Sistematizao de ocorrncias de desastres naturais na regio Sul do Brasil Silvia Midori Saito1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sistematização de ocorrências de desastres naturais na região Sul do Brasil Silvia Midori Saito1 - GEODESASTRES-SUL Caixa Postal 5021 - CEP: 97110-970, Santa Maria, RS, Brasil {silvia.saito; camila próximo artigo 39 Anais XIV Simpósio Brasileiro de Sensoriamento Remoto, Natal, Brasil, 25-30 abril 2009

  9. VII Seminrio Tcnico Cientfico de Anlise dos Dados do Desmatamento na Amaznia Legal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    VII Seminário Técnico Científico de Análise dos Dados do Desmatamento na Amazônia Legal Base em Atividades Produtivas 363,75 44,72 (319,03) -88% Defesa do Pantanal com a Valorização da em Setembro de 2009. #12;Dados Gleba Curuá Alertas de Desmatamento (DETER) em 2009 ­ Jan/Set Classe

  10. Threshold model and the latest NA50 data on $J/?$ suppression in Pb+Pb collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. K. Chaudhuri

    2003-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Using the QGP motivated threshold model, where all the $J/\\psi$'s are suppressed above a threshold density, we have analyzed the latest version of the NA50 data on the centrality dependence of the $J/\\psi$ over Drell-Yan ratio. The data are not well explain in the model, unless the threshold density is largely smeared. Large smeared threshold density effectively excludes creation of any deconfined medium in the collision.

  11. INDENTATION RESISTANCE OF AN ALUMINIUM FOAM O.B. Olurin, N.A. Fleck

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fleck, Norman A.

    , of relative density 8­15% were tested. Alporas is a closed cell aluminium alloy foam, consisting of 0.4­2 wt completed: the cell walls contain the oxides CaO and CaAl2O4. It is a cast aluminium alloy foam and detailsINDENTATION RESISTANCE OF AN ALUMINIUM FOAM O.B. Olurin, N.A. Fleck and M.F. Ashby Cambridge

  12. Role of Cl in Electrogenic Na -coupled Cotransporters GAT1 and Received for publication, August 10, 2000, and in revised form, September 5, 2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eskandari, Sepehr

    criterion to classify Na cotransporters. Electrogenic sodium cotransporters utilize the movement of Na down, nutrients, and neu- rotransmitters into cells (1). This broad group of Na -driven cotransporters contains potential in most cells is close to the resting membrane potential, and little free energy would be provided

  13. Investigation of the ion exchange equilibrium between NA+, Ca++, Mg++, and a sulfonated polystyrene resin at various concentrations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McIlhenny, William Franklin

    1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cl and saturated Na01 with a sulfonated polystyrene cation exchanger. Anderson and Peebles report the Ca ? Na equilibrium with a l ++ + sulfonated polystyrene resin to 0. 62 N. 24 Juda, Kasper and Potter reported on the 1on exchange softening of seawater... average K calculated, at least seven values were averaged. 21 DISCUSSION OF RESULTS The measured equ1valent fractions of Mg , Ca , and Na ++ ++ ions in solution, and the calculated equivalent fractions on the resin are given in Table II. From...

  14. Effects of dilute aqueous NaCl solution on caffeine aggregation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sharma, Bhanita; Paul, Sandip, E-mail: sandipp@iitg.ernet.in [Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati 781039, Assam (India)] [Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati 781039, Assam (India)

    2013-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The effect of salt concentration on association properties of caffeine molecule was investigated by employing molecular dynamics simulations in isothermal-isobaric ensemble of eight caffeine molecules in pure water and three different salt (NaCl) concentrations, at 300 K temperature and 1 atm pressure. The concentration of caffeine was taken almost at the solubility limit. With increasing salt concentration, we observe enhancement of first peak height and appearance of a second peak in the caffeine-caffeine distribution function. Furthermore, our calculated solvent accessible area values and cluster structure analyses suggest formation of higher order caffeine cluster on addition of salt. The calculated hydrogen bond properties reveal that there is a modest decrease in the average number of water-caffeine hydrogen bonds on addition of NaCl salt. Also observed are: (i) decrease in probability of salt contact ion pair as well as decrease in the solvent separated ion pair formation with increasing salt concentration, (ii) a modest second shell collapse in the water structure, and (iii) dehydration of hydrophobic atomic sites of caffeine on addition of NaCl.

  15. Chinese demand drives global deforestation Chinese demand drives global deforestation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    importing wood products for domestic use to become the world's leading exporter of furniture, plywood of wild lands and wildlife, while examining the impact of emerging trends in climate, technology than twice the volume of tropical logs as India, the second largest importer on the list. Japan

  16. Chinese Renewable Energy Society CRES formerly Chinese Solar Energy Society

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model, click here.TelluricPower International New Energy HoldingMITREEEP EERE| Place:|

  17. 20Na

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032) -Less isNFebruaryOctober 2, 2014Energy,F β--Decay EvaluatedMgNNa

  18. 20Na

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032) -Less isNFebruaryOctober 2, 2014Energy,F β--Decay EvaluatedMgNNa

  19. na-00

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA Approved:AdministrationAnalysisDarby Dietrich57/%2A en4/%2A en

  20. 19Na

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032) -Less isN Ground-StateNovember 1997B β--Decay Evaluated

  1. lgebra Linear aplicada a Economia -"Anlise na Reta" _______________________2 Anlise Macroeconmica III -"Teoria da Poltica Monetria" ___________________3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, I-Shih

    ÍNDICE Álgebra Linear aplicada a Economia - "Análise na Reta" _______________________2 Análise ­ "Crescimento e Concorrência de Firmas" ___5 Desenvolvimento Econômico do Estado do Rio de Janeiro ­ "A Economia Temporais" ______________________________________10 Economia Agrícola I ­ "Economia Agrária

  2. A conversational Chinese Tutoring Machine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Long-Fung

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    **'0 * FUNCTION : CAIM03 This is the main driver function for lesson section. ***4'***1@*'0 4 4 'P * a%****'k 'k****'0**4 *V k*%**%'**%********%'**'I*V 4 4*** (DEFUN CAIM03 (LAMBDA NIL ( PROG1 (CAIM04) (COND ((EQUAL RES 'E) T) (T (CAIM05) (CAIM...*%***** (DEFUN CAIM04 (LAMBDA NIL (PROG1 (CAIM08) (COND ((EQUAL RES 'E) T) ((EQUAL RES 'H) (CAID02) (CAIM04) ) ) ) )) 42 *** 0**'k*****%**'ll'Nfll **4'k**9 ******tlf*ll'***A%*******V * kg*A*'kit+**** * FUNCTION : CAIM05 This is the function for vocabu1...

  3. First Detection of NaI D lines in High-Redshift Damped Lyman-alpha Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sohei Kondo; Naoto Kobayashi; Yosuke Minowa; Takuji Tsujimoto; Christopher W. Churchill; Naruhisa Takato; Masanori Iye; Yukiko Kamata; Hiroshi Terada; Tae-Soo Pyo; Hideki Takami; Yutaka Hayano; Tomio Kanzawa; D. Saint-Jacques; Wolfgang Gaessler; Shin Oya; Ko Nedachi; Alan Tokunaga

    2006-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    A Near-infrared (1.18-1.35 micron) high-resolution spectrum of the gravitationally-lensed QSO APM 08279+5255 was obtained with the IRCS mounted on the Subaru Telescope using the AO system. We detected strong NaI D 5891,5897 doublet absorption in high-redshift DLAs at z=1.062 and 1.181, confirming the presence of NaI, which was first reported for the rest-frame UV NaI 3303.3,3303.9 doublet by Petitjean et al. This is the first detection of NaI D absorption in a high-redshift (z>1) DLA. In addition, we detected a new NaI component in the z=1.062 DLA and four new components in the z=1.181 DLA. Using an empirical relationship between NaI and HI column density, we found that all "components" have large HI column density, so that each component is classified as DLA absorption. We also detected strong NaI D absorption associated with a MgII system at z=1.173. Because no other metal absorption lines were detected in this system at the velocity of the NaI absorption in previously reported optical spectra (observed 3.6 years ago), we interpret this NaI absorption cloud probably appeared in the line of sight toward the QSO after the optical observation. This newly found cloud is likely to be a DLA based upon its large estimated HI column density. We found that the N(NaI)/N(CaII) ratios in these DLAs are systematically smaller than those observed in the Galaxy; they are more consistent with the ratios seen in the Large Magellanic Cloud. This is consistent with dust depletion generally being smaller in lower metallicity environments. However, all five clouds of the z=1.181 system have a high N(NaI)/N(CaII) ratio, which is characteristic of cold dense gas. We tentatively suggest that the host galaxy of this system may be the most significant contributor to the gravitational-lens toward APM 08279+5255.

  4. 3M-NANO is the annual International Conference on Manipulation, Manufacturing and Measurement on the Nanoscale; it will be held in 2014 in Taipei, Taiwan. The ultimate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Appelrath, Hans-Jürgen

    3M-NANO is the annual International Conference on Manipulation, Manufacturing and Measurement markets. The advanced technologies for manipulation, manufacturing and measurement at nanoscale promise, Int. J of Optomechatronics, J of Micro-Bio Robotics, and other SCI/Ei journals. Organizers: Industrial

  5. Conference "To Engage or Disobey?", Institute of Sociology, Academia Sinica, Taipei, 12 October 2012 Draft version (September 2012). Do not quote.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    valuation of the environmental damage.1 My discussion today is mainly based on a research I have conducted on the environmental damage "reparation" process modes of engagement in environmental mobilisations. Laura Centemeri Researcher

  6. TRANSFER OF CONTINUOUSLY I. V. INFUSED NaHC14O3 AND Ca47Cl2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    TRANSFER OF CONTINUOUSLY I. V. INFUSED NaHC14O3 AND Ca47Cl2 TO THE HEN'S EGG-SHELL (1) K. LÖRCHER experiment was designed : after continuous i.v. infusion of Ca&dquo;C12 and/or NaHC1403 to achieve constant&dquo;/Sc&dquo;. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION The average egg-shell incorporation of continuously infused Ca&dquo; came out

  7. Identification of a Pool of Non-Pumping Na/K-ATPase* Man Liang1,3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brand, Paul H.

    Identification of a Pool of Non-Pumping Na/K-ATPase* Man Liang1,3 , Jiang Tian1,3 , Lijun Liu1 Title: Non-pumping Na/K-ATPase 4 To whom correspondence should be addressed: Zi-Jian Xie, Ph-383-4182; FAX: 419-383-2871 E-mail: zxie@meduohio.edu Summary Recent studies have ascribed many non-pumping

  8. Photoemission study of the electronic structure and charge density waves of Na2Ti2Sb2O

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Tan, S. Y.; Jiang, J.; Ye, Z. R.; Niu, X. H.; Song, Y.; Zhang, C. L.; Dai, P. C.; Xie, B. P.; Lai, X. C.; Feng, D. L.

    2015-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The electronic structure of Na2Ti2Sb2O single crystal is studied by photon energy and polarization dependent angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES). The obtained band structure and Fermi surface agree well with the band structure calculation of Na2Ti2Sb2O in the non-magnetic state, which indicates that there is no magnetic order in Na2Ti2Sb2O and the electronic correlation is weak. Polarization dependent ARPES results suggest the multi-band and multi-orbital nature of Na2Ti2Sb2O. Photon energy dependent ARPES results suggest that the electronic structure of Na2Ti2Sb2O is rather two-dimensional. Moreover, we find a density wave energy gap forms below the transition temperature and reaches 65 meV at 7 K, indicating that Na2Ti2Sb2O is likely a weakly correlated CDW material in the strong electron-phonon interaction regime. (author)

  9. The electrochemical reactions of SnO2 with Li and Na: a study using thin films and mesoporous carbons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gorka, Joanna [ORNL; Baggetto, Loic [ORNL; Keum, Jong Kahk [ORNL; Mahurin, Shannon Mark [ORNL; Mayes, Richard T [ORNL; Dai, Sheng [ORNL; Veith, Gabriel M [ORNL

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work we have determined the room temperature electrochemical reactivity of SnO2 thin films and mesoporous carbons filled with SnO2 anodes with Na, and compare the results with those obtained during the reaction with Li. We show that SnO2 can reversibly deliver up to 6.2 Li/SnO2 whereas the reaction with Na is significantly limited. The initial discharge capacity is equivalent to less than 4 Na/SnO2, which is expected to correspond to the formation of 2 Na2O and Sn. This limited discharge capacity suggests the negative role of the formed Na2O matrix upon the reversible reaction of Sn clusters. Moreover, the reversible cycling of less than 1 Na/SnO2, despite the utilization of 6-7 nm SnO2 particles, is indicative of sluggish reaction kinetics. The origin of this significant capacity reduction is likely due to the formation of a diffusion limiting interface. Furthermore, there is a larger apparent hysteresis compared to Li. These results point to the need to design composite structures of SnO2 nanoparticles with suitable morphological and conductivity components.

  10. Syntheses, crystal structures, and properties of three new metal selenites Na{sub 2}Co{sub 2}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 3}, Na{sub 2}Co{sub 1.67}Ni{sub 0.33}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 3}, and Na{sub 2}Ni{sub 2}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 3}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yuan Xiaoqing [State Key Laboratory of Structural Chemistry, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002 (China); Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Feng Meiling, E-mail: fml@fjirsm.ac.c [State Key Laboratory of Structural Chemistry, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002 (China); Li Jianrong [State Key Laboratory of Structural Chemistry, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002 (China); Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Huang Xiaoying, E-mail: xyhuang@fjirsm.ac.c [State Key Laboratory of Structural Chemistry, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002 (China)

    2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Three new sodium cobalt (nickel) selenite compounds, namely, Na{sub 2}Co{sub 2}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 3}, Na{sub 2}Co{sub 1.67}Ni{sub 0.33}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 3}, and Na{sub 2}Ni{sub 2}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 3} have been hydro-/solvothermally synthesized in the mixed solvents of acetonitrile and water. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses reveal that these isostructural compounds belong to the orthorhombic Cmcm space group and their structures feature three-dimensional open frameworks constructed by the two-dimensional layers of [MSeO{sub 3}] pillared by the [SeO{sub 3}]{sup 2-} groups. The two different types of Na{sup +} ions reside in the intersecting two-dimensional channels parallel to the a- and c-axes, respectively. Their thermal properties have been investigated via TGA-DSC. The magnetic measurements indicate the existence of the antiferromagnetic interactions in these compounds. - Graphical abstract: Three new isostructural metal selenites, Na{sub 2}Co{sub 2}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 3}, Na{sub 2}Co{sub 1.67}Ni{sub 0.33}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 3}, and Na{sub 2}Ni{sub 2}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 3} have been hydro-/solvothermally synthesized and characterized. Their structures feature three-dimensional open frameworks with Na{sup +}-occupied channels.

  11. NA-42 TI Shared Software Component Library FY2011 Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knudson, Christa K.; Rutz, Frederick C.; Dorow, Kevin E.

    2011-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The NA-42 TI program initiated an effort in FY2010 to standardize its software development efforts with the long term goal of migrating toward a software management approach that will allow for the sharing and reuse of code developed within the TI program, improve integration, ensure a level of software documentation, and reduce development costs. The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) has been tasked with two activities that support this mission. PNNL has been tasked with the identification, selection, and implementation of a Shared Software Component Library. The intent of the library is to provide a common repository that is accessible by all authorized NA-42 software development teams. The repository facilitates software reuse through a searchable and easy to use web based interface. As software is submitted to the repository, the component registration process captures meta-data and provides version control for compiled libraries, documentation, and source code. This meta-data is then available for retrieval and review as part of library search results. In FY2010, PNNL and staff from the Remote Sensing Laboratory (RSL) teamed up to develop a software application with the goal of replacing the aging Aerial Measuring System (AMS). The application under development includes an Advanced Visualization and Integration of Data (AVID) framework and associated AMS modules. Throughout development, PNNL and RSL have utilized a common AMS code repository for collaborative code development. The AMS repository is hosted by PNNL, is restricted to the project development team, is accessed via two different geographic locations and continues to be used. The knowledge gained from the collaboration and hosting of this repository in conjunction with PNNL software development and systems engineering capabilities were used in the selection of a package to be used in the implementation of the software component library on behalf of NA-42 TI. The second task managed by PNNL is the development and continued maintenance of the NA-42 TI Software Development Questionnaire. This questionnaire is intended to help software development teams working under NA-42 TI in documenting their development activities. When sufficiently completed, the questionnaire illustrates that the software development activities recorded incorporate significant aspects of the software engineering lifecycle. The questionnaire template is updated as comments are received from NA-42 and/or its development teams and revised versions distributed to those using the questionnaire. PNNL also maintains a list of questionnaire recipients. The blank questionnaire template, the AVID and AMS software being developed, and the completed AVID AMS specific questionnaire are being used as the initial content to be established in the TI Component Library. This report summarizes the approach taken to identify requirements, search for and evaluate technologies, and the approach taken for installation of the software needed to host the component library. Additionally, it defines the process by which users request access for the contribution and retrieval of library content.

  12. Waste-to-Energy Facilities in Taiwan by Shang-Hsiu Lee, WTERT/Earth Engineering Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    stage Operator 1 Neihwu, Taipei City 900 144 Mass Burn Fixed bed (Takuma) Sinotech Engineering 2 Muja, Taipei City 1,500 324 Mass Burn Fixed bed (Takuma) SEC Takuma Co. Ltd completed July, 1994 EPB of Taipei City 3 Beitou, Taipei City 1,800 1,080 Mass Burn Fixed bed (Von Roll) SEC Marubeni Co

  13. Electroless Ni coatings used in 4% NaCl corrosion control of mild steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanchez, M.A.; Zambrano, J.A.; Perez, O. [Univ. del Zulia, Maracaibo (Venezuela). Centro de Estudios de Corrosion; Podesta, J.J. [Univ. Nacional de La Plata (Argentina). Inst. de Investigaciones Fisicoquimicas Teoricas y Aplicadas

    1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this work is to study the behavior of electroless Ni coatings on SAE 1020 steel in aqueous 4% NaCl solution. An aqueous solution with NiSO{sub 4}.6H{sub 2}O (Nickel Sulfate), NaH{sub 2}PO{sub 2}.2H{sub 2}O (Sodium Hypophosphite), C{sub 3}H{sub 6}O{sub 3} (Lactic Acid), C{sub 3}H{sub 6}O{sub 2} (Propionic Acid) and Pb(NO{sub 3}){sub 2} (Lead Nitrate) as the basic ingredients of the bath was selected for the autocatalytic deposition of Ni, with an average deposit rate of c.a. 19 {micro}m/h. Steel coupons were immersed in the bath for 1, 2, 3 h in the original solution, renewing with fresh solution every hour. Once coated with nickel, the coupons were subjected to heat treatment for 1, 2, and 3 h at 400 C, measuring hardness to determine how it is affected by thermal treatment. Salt-spray tests were carried out at 30 C in line with ASTM B117-75 and DIN 50907 standards. The corrosion rate was determined by potentiodynamic polarizing curves (0.28.10{sup {minus}3} V/s), using a 4.0% w/w NaCl solution. Corrosion resistance was higher in the coupons that underwent 2--3 h of heat treatment and 2--3 h plating time. Corrosion rate varied between 2.41 and 3.40 {micro}m/y. The surface of the coupons in the salt spray chamber had a good appearance at the end of the 568-hour test.

  14. Tako imenovani Na?rt za pridigo iz rokopisne dobe slovenš?ine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mikhailov, Nikolai

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ?mlicherweise ist aber die Akkusa- tivrektion gebraucht (wahrscheinlich als Analogie: Ia + Acc. 'f?r'). naIega Pron. poss. 1. P. PI. m. Gen. Sg. in -ega. goIpudy Subst. m. des i-Stammes (wie im CRR, SR, KR, SGR) pr?sentiert hier den U-Reflex des ursl. o, was ein... Zeichen der no- tranjgina oder der dolenjSCina sein kann. tu Adv. loc. mod. slow. tu 'hier' oder Pron. dem. N. Sg. n. mod. slow. to mit dem U-Ref lex. Iy k?nnte das Reflexivpronomen si sein. Semantisch m??te es aber als ie 'noch' in- terpretiert...

  15. Magnetoelastic Coupling and Symmetry Breaking in the Frustrated Antiferromagnet {alpha}-NaMnO{sub 2}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Giot, Maud [Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, Foundation for Research and Technology - Hellas, Vassilika Vouton, 71110 Heraklion (Greece); ISIS, Science and Technology Facilities Council, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton-Didcot, OX11 0QX, Oxfordshire (United Kingdom); Chapon, Laurent C.; Radaelli, Paolo G. [ISIS, Science and Technology Facilities Council, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton-Didcot, OX11 0QX, Oxfordshire (United Kingdom); Androulakis, John; Lappas, Alexandros [Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, Foundation for Research and Technology - Hellas, Vassilika Vouton, 71110 Heraklion (Greece); Green, Mark A. [NIST Center for Neutron Research, 100 Bureau Drive, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899-8562 (United States); Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742-2115 (United States)

    2007-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The magnetic and crystal structures of the {alpha}-NaMnO{sub 2} have been determined by high-resolution neutron powder diffraction. The system maps out a frustrated triangular spin lattice with anisotropic interactions that displays two-dimensional spin correlations below 200 K. Magnetic frustration is lifted through magneto-elastic coupling, evidenced by strong anisotropic broadening of the diffraction profiles at high temperature and ultimately by a structural phase transition at 45 K. In this low-temperature regime a three-dimensional antiferromagnetic state is observed with a propagation vector k=((1/2),(1/2),0)

  16. Publisher's note: Branching ratios for the beta decay of Na-21 (vol 74, pg 015501, 2006)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iacob, V. E.; Hardy, John C.; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Goodwin, J.; Nica, N.; Park, H. I.; Tabacaru, G.; Trache, L.; Tribble, Robert E.; Zhai, Y.; Towner, I. S.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PHYSICAL REVIEW C 74, 029901(E) (2006) Publisher?s Note: Branching ratios for the ? decay of 21Na [Phys. Rev. C 74, 015501 (2006)] V. E. Iacob, J. C. Hardy, C. A. Gagliardi, J. Goodwin, N. Nica, H. I. Park, G. Tabacaru, L. Trache, R. E. Tribble..., Y. Zhai, and I. S. Towner (Received 31 July 2006; published 11 August 2006) DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.74.029901 PACS number(s): 27.30.+t, 23.40.?s, 99.10.Fg This paper was published online on 14 July 2006 with formatting errors in Eqs. (7) and (9...

  17. Thermonuclear reaction rate of $^{18}$Ne($?$,$p$)$^{21}$Na from Monte-Carlo calculations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Mohr; R. Longland; C. Iliadis

    2014-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The $^{18}$Ne($\\alpha$,$p$)$^{21}$Na reaction impacts the break-out from the hot CNO-cycles to the $rp$-process in type I X-ray bursts. We present a revised thermonuclear reaction rate, which is based on the latest experimental data. The new rate is derived from Monte-Carlo calculations, taking into account the uncertainties of all nuclear physics input quantities. In addition, we present the reaction rate uncertainty and probability density versus temperature. Our results are also consistent with estimates obtained using different indirect approaches.

  18. Thermonuclear reaction rate of $^{18}$Ne($\\alpha$,$p$)$^{21}$Na from Monte-Carlo calculations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohr, P; Iliadis, C

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The $^{18}$Ne($\\alpha$,$p$)$^{21}$Na reaction impacts the break-out from the hot CNO-cycles to the $rp$-process in type I X-ray bursts. We present a revised thermonuclear reaction rate, which is based on the latest experimental data. The new rate is derived from Monte-Carlo calculations, taking into account the uncertainties of all nuclear physics input quantities. In addition, we present the reaction rate uncertainty and probability density versus temperature. Our results are also consistent with estimates obtained using different indirect approaches.

  19. Microsoft Word - NA-02-29 NIF reaches milestone.doc

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA groupTubahq.na.govSecurityMaintaining theSan Jose-San REPORTMarch 28,1Q For

  20. NaSt1: A Wolf-Rayet star cloaked by an eta Car--like nebula?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paul A. Crowther; Linda J. Smith

    1999-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a study of the peculiar Galactic emission line object NaSt1 (WR122, IRAS 18497+0056) which has previously been classified as a Wolf-Rayet (WR) star. Our spectroscopic dataset comprises Keck I-HIRES, WHT-ISIS and UKIRT-CGS4 observations which show that NaSt1 has a highly reddened nebular spectrum with extremely strong permitted and forbidden lines covering a wide range in excitation. [OII-III] is unusually weak, with HeI-II and [NII] very strong, and carbon absent, suggestive of chemical peculiarities. Narrow-band WHT imaging reveals an elliptical nebula with an average diameter of 6.8arcsec. We measure an interstellar extinction of E(B-V)=2.1mag and estimate a distance of 1-3kpc, suggesting that NaSt1 is a luminous object, with 40.64, N enhanced by a factor of 20, O deficient by a factor of 140, while Ne, Ar and S are normal compared to average HII region abundances. This unusual abundance pattern suggests that the nebula consists of fully CNO-processed material. We compare the spectral appearance of NaSt1 with other luminous emission objects, and conclude that it is not an Ofpe/WN9, B[e] star or symbiotic nova although it does share several characteristics of these systems. We suggest instead that NaSt1 contains a massive evolved star that ejected its heavily CNO-processed outer layers a few thousand years ago. Although the stellar remnant is completely hidden from view by the dense nebula, we argue that the star must be an early-type WR star. The only object that shares some of the peculiarities of NaSt1 is eta Carinae. Whatever its true nature, NaSt1 should no longer be considered as a late-WN classification standard in the near-IR.

  1. High temperature mass spectrometric investigation of the equilibrium vapor composition over three-component mixtures of CsI, NaI, and DyI/sub 3/

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kaposi, O.; Szilagyi, J.; Lelik, L.

    1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The molar composition of the saturated vapor phase over ternary iodides of CsI, NaI, and DyI/sub 3/ at 860 to 1060 K was investigated by means of a mass spectrometer equipped with a Knudsen cell evaporator system. Fragmentation patterns and appearance potentials for the most intense ions were determined. Besides the previously detected fragments in the equilibrium vapor above the two-component systems, fragment ions from the complex molecules NaCsDyI/sub 5/, Na/sub 2/CsDyI/sub 6/, NaCs/sub 2/DyI/sub 6/, and Na/sub 3/Cs/sub 2/DyI/sub 8/ were found. Ion current vs temperature data yielded heats of sublimation: ..delta..H/sub s/ (NaCsDyI/sub 5/)/sub 960K/ = 320 +/- 13 kJ/mol; ..delta..H/sub s/ (Na/sub 2/CsDyI/sub 6/)/sub 960K/ = 325 +/- 11 kJ/mol; ..delta..H/sub s/ (NaCs/sub 2/DyI/sub 6/)/sub 960K/ = 348 +/- 15 kJ/mol; and ..delta..H/sub s/ (Na/sub 3/Cs/sub 2/DyI/sub 8/)/sub 960K/ = 366 +/- 17 kJ/mol. From the various high-temperature equilibrium reactions, one may calculate the following heats of formation: ..delta..H/sub f/ (NaCsDyI/sub 5/)/sub g/ = -863 +/- 23 kJ/mol; ..delta..H/sub f/ (Na/sub 2/CsDyI/sub 6/)/sub g/ = -1170 +/- 31 kJ/mol; ..delta..H/sub f/ (NaCs/sub 2/DyI/sub 6/)/sub g/ = -1235 +/- 33 kJ/mol; and ..delta..H/sub f/ (Na/sub 3/Cs/sub 2/DyI/sub 8/) = -1806 +/- 17 kJ/mol.

  2. Sub-THz complex dielectric constants of montmorillionite clay thin samples with Na$^{+}$/Ca$^{++}$-ions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rezwanur Rahman; Douglas K. McCarty; Manika Prasad; John A. Scales

    2015-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We implement a technique to characterize electromagnetic properties at frequencies 100 to 165 GHz (3 cm$^{-1}$ to 4.95 cm$^{-1}$) of oriented montmorillionite samples using an open cavity resonator connected to a sub-millimeter wave VNA (Vector Network Analyzer). We measured dielectric constants perpendicular to the bedding plane on oriented Na$^{+}$ and Ca$^{++}$-ion stabilized montmorillionite samples deposited on a glass slide at ambient laboratory conditions (room temperature and room light). The clay layer is much thinner ($\\sim$ 30 $\\mu$m) than the glass substrate ($\\sim$ 2.18 mm). The real part of dielectric constant,$\\epsilon_{re}$, is essentially constant over this frequency range but is larger in Na$^{+}$- than in Ca$^{++}$-ioned clay. The total electrical conductivity (associated with the imaginary part of dielectric constant, $\\epsilon_{im}$) of both samples increases monotonically at lower frequencies ($$ 110 GHz. The dispersion of the samples display a dependence on the ionic strength in the clay interlayers, i.e., $\\zeta$-potential in the Stern layers.

  3. Intercalation of a Nonionic Surfactant (C10E3) bilayer into a Na-Montmorillonite Clay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Regis Guegan

    2010-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

    A nonionic surfactant, the tri-ethylene glycol mono n-decyl ether (C10E3), characterized by its lamellar phase state, was introduced in the interlayer of a Na-montmorillonite clay at several concentrations. The synthesized organoclays were characterized by Small Angle X-Ray Scattering in conjunction with Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy, and adsorption isotherms. Experiments showed that a bilayer of C10E3 was intercalated into the interlayer space of the naturally exchanged Na-montmorillonite, resulting in the aggregation of the lyotropic liquid crystal state in the lamellar phase. This behavior strongly differs from previous observations of confinement of nonionic surfactants in clays where the expansion of the interlayer space was limited to two monolayers parallel to the silicate surface and cationic surfactants in clays where the intercalation of organic compounds is introduced into the clay galleries through ion exchange. The confinement of a bilayer of C10E3 nonionic surfactant in clays offers new perspectives for the realization of hybrid nanomaterials since the synthesized organoclays preserve the electrostatic characteristics of the clays, thus allowing further ion exchange, while presenting at the same time a hydrophobic surface and a maximum opening of the interlayer space for the adsorption of neutral organic molecules of important size with functional properties.

  4. Measurements of NaI:Tl Electron Response using SLYNCI: Comparison of Different Samples

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hull, G; Choong, W; Moses, W W; Bizarri, G; Valentine, J D; Payne, S A; Cherepy, N; Reutter, B W

    2007-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper measures the sample to sample variation in the light yield non-proportionality of NaI:Tl, and so explores whether this is an invariant characteristic of the material or whether it is dependent on the chemical and physical properties of tested sample. In this work we report on the electron response of nine crystals of NaI(Tl), differing in shape, volume, age, manufacturer and quality. The non-proportionality has been measured at the SLYNCI facility in the energy range between 3.5 to 460 keV. The Scintillation Light Yield Non-proportionality Characterization Instrument (SLYNCI) is a next generation Compton Coincidence device, explicitly designed to study the 'non-proportionality' of the electron response in scintillators and the contribution of this effect to the intrinsic energy resolution. We also discuss the gamma response, x-ray excited emission spectra and decay times for the nine crystals, in order to provide a complete characterization of their physical properties and determine whether the mechanism of scintillation varies between samples.

  5. Measurements of NaI(Tl) electron response: comparison of different samples

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hull, Giulia; Choong, Woon-Seng; Moses, William W.; Bizarri, Gregory; Valentine, John D.; Payne, Stephen A.; Cherepy, Nerine J.; Reutter, Bryan W.

    2008-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper measures the sample to sample variation in the light yield proportionality of NaI(Tl), and so explores whether this is an invariant characteristic of the material or whether it depends on the chemical and physical properties of the tested samples. We report on the electron response of nine crystals of NaI(Tl), differing in shape, volume, age, manufacturer and quality. The proportionality has been measured at the SLYNCI facility in the energy range between 3.5 to 460 keV. We observe that while samples produced by the same manufacturer at approximately the same time have virtually identical electron response curves, there are significant sample to sample variations among crystals produced by different manufacturers or at different times. In an effort to correlate changes in the electron response with details of the scintillation mechanism, we characterized other scintillation properties, including the gamma response and the x-ray excited emission spectra and decay times, for the nine crystals. While sample to sample differences in these crystals were observed, we have been unable to identify the underlying fundamental mechanisms that are responsible for these differences.

  6. Mechanical design and fabrication of a prototype facility for processing NaK using a chlorine reaction method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dafoe, R.; Keller, D.; Stoll, F.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A prototype facility has been built at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) to dispose of 180 gal(0.68 m{sup 3}) of radioactively contaminated NaK (sodium-potassium) that have been stored on site for 35 years. The NaK was used as primary coolant for the Experimental Breeder Reactor I (EBR-I) at the INEL and was contaminated during a meltdown of the Mark II core in November 1955. The NaK then was transferred to four containers for temporary storage. The facility process will react the NaK with elemental chlorine using a batch process to produce chemically stable sodium chloride and potassium chloride salts. The first use of the facility will be on a prototype level to verify the method. If results are favorable, the facility will be modified to eventually dispose of the EBR-I NaK. The design and intended operation of the prototype facility are described. 2 figs.

  7. 3/30/2014 Smartportal -10 http://www.smartportal.mk/tehnologii/veternici-za-proizvodstvo-na-energija-10-pati-pomali-od-zrno-oriz/ 1/3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiao, Jung-Chih

    ://www.smartportal.mk/tehnologii/veternici-za-proizvodstvo-na-energija-10-pati-pomali-od-zrno-oriz/ 1/3 Linux Windows Android iOS Windows Phone 2 2014 - 22 http://www.smartportal.mk/tehnologii/veternici-za-proizvodstvo-na-energija-10-pati-pomali-od://www.smartportal.mk/tehnologii/veternici-za-proizvodstvo-na-energija-10-pati-pomali-od-zrno-oriz/ 3/3 Western Digital 1 · 5 . -- super SSD Windows 8.1 3 · 5

  8. Investigation of SiO{sub 2}:Na{sub 2}O ratio as a corrosion inhibitor for metal alloys

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mohamad, N.; Othman, N. K. [School of Applied Physics, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor Darul Ehsan (Malaysia); Jalar, A. [Institute of Micro Engineering and Nanoelectronics (IMEN), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor Darul Ehsan (Malaysia)

    2013-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The silicate is one of the potential compounds used as a corrosion inhibitor for metal alloys. The mixture between silica and sodium hydroxide (NaOH) succeeded to produce the silicate product. The formulation of a silicate product normally variable depended by the different ratio of SiO{sub 2}:Na{sub 2}O. This research utilized the agriculture waste product of paddy using its rice husk. In this study, the amorphous silica content in rice husk ash was used after rice husk burnt in a muffle furnace at a certain temperature. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis was done to determine the existence of amorphous phase of silica in the rice husk ash. There are several studies that recognized rice husk as an alternative source that obtained high silica content. The X-ray fluorescence (XRF) analysis was carried out to clarify the percentage amount of Si and O elements, which referred the silica compound in rice husk ash. The preparation of sodium silicate formulation were differ based on the SiO{sub 2}:Na{sub 2}O ratio (SiO{sub 2}:Na{sub 2}O ratio = 1.00, 2.00 and 3.00). These silicate based corrosion inhibitors were tested on several testing samples, which were copper (99.9%), aluminum alloy (AA 6061) and carbon steel (SAE 1045). The purpose of this study is to determine the appropriate SiO{sub 2}:Na{sub 2}O ratio and understand how this SiO{sub 2}:Na{sub 2}O ratio can affect the corrosion rate of each metal alloys immersed in acidic medium. In order to investigate this study, weight loss test was conducted in 0.5 M hydrochloric acid (HCl) for 24 hours at room temperature.

  9. On the source of the dust extinction in type Ia supernovae and the discovery of anomalously strong Na I absorption

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phillips, M. M.; Morrell, Nidia; Hsiao, E. Y.; Campillay, Abdo; Contreras, Carlos [Carnegie Observatories, Las Campanas Observatory, Casilla 601, La Serena (Chile); Simon, Joshua D.; Burns, Christopher R.; Persson, Sven E.; Thompson, I. B.; Freedman, Wendy L. [Observatories of the Carnegie Institution for Science, 813 Santa Barbara St., Pasadena, CA 91101 (United States); Cox, Nick L. J. [Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D bus 2401, 3001 Leuven (Belgium); Foley, Ryan J. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Karakas, Amanda I. [Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, The Australian National University, Weston, ACT 2611 (Australia); Patat, F. [European Southern Observatory (ESO), Karl Schwarschild Strasse 2, D-85748, Garching bei München (Germany); Sternberg, A. [Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics, Karl Schwarzschild Strasse 1, D-85741 Garching bei München (Germany); Williams, R. E. [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Gal-Yam, A. [Benoziyo Center for Astrophysics, Faculty of Physics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100 (Israel); Leonard, D. C. [Department of Astronomy, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182 (United States); Stritzinger, Maximilian [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, Ny Munkegade 120, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark); Folatelli, Gastón, E-mail: mmp@lco.cl [Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe, Todai Institutes for Advanced Study, the University of Tokyo, Kashiwa 277-8583 (Japan); and others

    2013-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    High-dispersion observations of the Na I D ??5890, 5896 and K I ??7665, 7699 interstellar lines, and the diffuse interstellar band at 5780 Å in the spectra of 32 Type Ia supernovae are used as an independent means of probing dust extinction. We show that the dust extinction of the objects where the diffuse interstellar band at 5780 Å is detected is consistent with the visual extinction derived from the supernova colors. This strongly suggests that the dust producing the extinction is predominantly located in the interstellar medium of the host galaxies and not in circumstellar material associated with the progenitor system. One quarter of the supernovae display anomalously large Na I column densities in comparison to the amount of dust extinction derived from their colors. Remarkably, all of the cases of unusually strong Na I D absorption correspond to 'Blueshifted' profiles in the classification scheme of Sternberg et al. This coincidence suggests that outflowing circumstellar gas is responsible for at least some of the cases of anomalously large Na I column densities. Two supernovae with unusually strong Na I D absorption showed essentially normal K I column densities for the dust extinction implied by their colors, but this does not appear to be a universal characteristic. Overall, we find the most accurate predictor of individual supernova extinction to be the equivalent width of the diffuse interstellar band at 5780 Å, and provide an empirical relation for its use. Finally, we identify ways of producing significant enhancements of the Na abundance of circumstellar material in both the single-degenerate and double-degenerate scenarios for the progenitor system.

  10. Fractionation of NaCl, MgCl2, and CaCl2 brines with a polyfunctional ion exchange resin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Albert Byre

    1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ml. of 2 N. HC1 and 150 ml. of distilled water. The filtrate and wash solut1ons were analyzed for Ca++, Mg~, and Cl iona. Calcium and magnesium were deter- mined by a complexometric titration with a 0. 01 molar solution of the disodium salt... for various FIGURE 4 VARIATION OF SELECTIVITY COEFFICIENTS WITH FEED SOLUTION RATIO 30. 0 Ca Na 10. 0 3. 0 1. 0 Mg Na Ca 8 0. 3 0. 1 0. 01 0. 03 0. 10 0. 3 1. 0 3. 0 10. 0 Ratio of ? , ? , or ~ in Feed Ca Ca Na' Mg' Na total solution...

  11. A decisão judicial apoiada na Nova Economia Institucional: Acertos e erros dos magistrados brasileiros no caso de revisão dos contratos de arrendamento mercantil de automóveis indexados ao dólar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertran, Maria Paula

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    judicial apoiada na Nova Economia Institucional: Acertos ede S. Paulo – FD/USP. - Graduanda em Economia pelaFaculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade da

  12. Thermochemical generation of hydrogen and oxygen from water. [NaMnO/sub 2/ and TiO/sub 2/

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Robinson, P.R.; Bamberger, C.E.

    1980-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A thermochemical cyclic process for the production of hydrogen exploits the reaction between sodium manganate (NaMnO/sub 2/) and titanium dioxide (TiO/sub 2/) to form sodium titanate (Na/sub 2/TiO/sub 3/), manganese (II) titanate (MnTiO/sub 3/) and oxygen. The titanate mixture is treated with sodium hydroxide, in the presence of steam, to form sodium titanate, sodium manganate (III), water and hydrogen. The sodium titanate-manganate (III) mixture is treated with water to form sodium manganate (III), titanium dioxide and sodium hydroxide. Sodium manganate (III) and titanium dioxide are recycled following dissolution of sodium hydroxide in water.

  13. Utilizao de Mtodos Geoestatsticos de Krigeagem Ordinria e Krigeagem por Indicao na Interpolao de Dados Geoqumicos de Solos: Uma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camara, Gilberto

    Interpolação de Dados Geoquímicos de Solos: Uma Comparação WALDIZA BRAND�O 1 1 INPE - Instituto Nacional de. A Geoestatística é um desses modelos e sua base conceitual está fundamentada na teoria das variáveis regionalizadas a interpolação de dados geoquímicos de solo do depósito de Cu do Pojuca, situado na Província Mineral de Carajás

  14. Magnetically Driven Metal-Insulator Transition in NaOsO3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Calder, Stuart A [ORNL; Christianson, Andrew D [ORNL; Lumsden, Mark D [ORNL; Lang, Jonathan [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Stone, Matthew B [ORNL; McMorrow, D. F. [University College, London; Garlea, Vasile O [ORNL; Kim, Jong-Woo [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Schlueter, J. A. [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Shi, Y. G. [Chinese Academy of Sciences; Yamaura, K. [National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Japan; Sun, Y. S. [MANA; Tsujimoto, Y. [Kyoto University, Japan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The metal-insulator transition (MIT) is one of the most dramatic manifestations of electron correlations in materials. Various mechanisms producing MITs have been extensively considered, including the Mott (electron localization via Coulomb repulsion), Anderson (localization via disorder), and Peierls (local- ization via distortion of a periodic one-dimensional lattice) mechanisms. One additional route to a MIT proposed by Slater, in which long-range magnetic order in a three dimensional system drives the MIT, has received relatively little attention. Using neutron and x-ray scattering we show that the MIT in NaOsO3 is coincident with the onset of long-range commensurate three dimensional magnetic order. While candidate materials have been suggested, our experimental methodology allows the first definitive demonstration of the long predicted Slater MIT.

  15. Genetic Evidence for the Phylogenetic Relationship between Na-Dene and Yeniseian Speakers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubicz, Rohina; Melvin, Kristin L.; Crawford, Michael H.

    2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    *O, MN*M, RH*R1, RH*R2, GM*AG, GM*AXG, KM*]) from three blood group systems and immunoglobulins. The first principal component accounts for 55.8% of the total variation and separates the Na-Dene (AP, DG, HA, and NV) from the Siberian populations (AE, CC..., EK, FN, KT, and 748 / RUBICZ ET AL. 0.3 NG FN '-. 0.2 - C..' 0 0.1 DG a) c HA *L) 0.0 -. ,---- ,---,,,,,---- ,,,,---- ,-- ,,,-,,,,,---,,,,,,,----............ AE NV CC -0.1 -EK * AP A~KT -0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 Eigenvector 1 - 55.8% Figure 2...

  16. Crystal Chemistry of NaMgF3 Perovskite at High Pressure and Temperature

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen,J.; Liu, H.; Martin, C.; Parise, J.; Weidner, D.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The crystal structure of NaMgF{sub 3} perovskite (neighborite) has been studied at 4 GPa and temperatures up to 1000 C using the Rietveld structure-refinement method. In situ synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction data was collected using monochromatic radiation. The orthorhombic (Pbnm) to cubic (Pm{bar 3}m) transition was observed when the temperature increased from 900 to 1000 C. Structure refinements show that the ratio of polyhedral volumes of the A and B sites (V{sub A}/V{sub B}) of the orthorhombic phase increases with temperature, approaching the ideal value (5) for the cubic structure. However, this ratio becomes smaller at 4 GPa compared to the result from previous studies at the same temperature but ambient pressure, indicating that pressure makes it more difficult to transform from the orthorhombic phase to the cubic phase in this kind of perovskite.

  17. Total reflection infrared spectroscopy of water-ice and frozen aqueous NaCl solutions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walker, Rachel L.; Searles, Keith; Willard, Jesse A.; Michelsen, Rebecca R. H., E-mail: RMichelsen@rmc.edu [Department of Chemistry, Randolph-Macon College, P.O. Box 5005, Ashland, Virginia 23005 (United States)] [Department of Chemistry, Randolph-Macon College, P.O. Box 5005, Ashland, Virginia 23005 (United States)

    2013-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Liquid-like and liquid water at and near the surface of water-ice and frozen aqueous sodium chloride films were observed using attenuated total reflection infrared spectroscopy (ATR-IR). The concentration of NaCl ranged from 0.0001 to 0.01 M and the temperature varied from the melting point of water down to 256 K. The amount of liquid brine at the interface of the frozen films with the germanium ATR crystal increased with salt concentration and temperature. Experimental spectra are compared to reflection spectra calculated for a simplified morphology of a uniform liquid layer between the germanium crystal and the frozen film. This morphology allows for the amount of liquid observed in an experimental spectrum to be converted to the thickness of a homogenous layer with an equivalent amount of liquid. These equivalent thickness ranges from a nanometer for water-ice at 260 K to 170 nm for 0.01 M NaCl close to the melting point. The amounts of brine observed are over an order of magnitude less than the total liquid predicted by equilibrium thermodynamic models, implying that the vast majority of the liquid fraction of frozen solutions may be found in internal inclusions, grain boundaries, and the like. Thus, the amount of liquid and the solutes dissolved in them that are available to react with atmospheric gases on the surfaces of snow and ice are not well described by thermodynamic equilibrium models which assume the liquid phase is located entirely at the surface.

  18. Multiple NaNbO3/Nb2O5 Heterostructure Nanotubes: A New Class of Ferroelectric/Semiconductor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    are created inside hollow Nb2O5 nanotubes, forming a novel class of multiple ferroelectric (NaNbO3 multifunctional ferroelectric/semiconductor devices. The scientific and technological interest in tubular nano within the nanotube's hollow. Herein, we employed a nanotube-confined growth strategy for the one

  19. Journal of Power Sources 165 (2007) 509516 Direct NaBH4/H2O2 fuel cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carroll, David L.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Journal of Power Sources 165 (2007) 509­516 Direct NaBH4/H2O2 fuel cells George H. Mileya,e,, Nie online 5 December 2006 Abstract A fuel cell (FC) using liquid fuel and oxidizer is under investigation. H Published by Elsevier B.V. Keywords: Fuel cell; Hydrogen peroxide; Regenerative fuel cell; Sodium

  20. Role of Protein Kinase C in the Signal Pathways That Link Na /K -ATPase to ERK1/2*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Askari, Amir

    Role of Protein Kinase C in the Signal Pathways That Link Na /K -ATPase to ERK1/2* Received, transactivation of EGFR, and activation of the Ras/ ERK1/2 cascade. To determine the role of protein kinase C (PKC, but not toxic, effects of ouabain in rat cardiac ventricles. Ouabain-induced activation of ERK1/2 was blocked

  1. Spectral and temporal structures of high-order harmonic generation of Na in intense mid-ir laser fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chu, Shih-I

    and efficient propagation of the wave function in space and time. Excellent agreement of the HHG spectrum into different HHG mechanisms in different energy regimes of Na atoms at long wavelengths. DOI: 10.1103/Phys,2 . The generation of har- monics in rare-gas atoms that extend up to orders of about 300 well within the water

  2. Q value of the superallowed decay of Mg-22 and the calibration of the Na-21(p,gamma) experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Savard, G.; Clark, JA; Buchinger, F.; Crawford, JE; Gulick, S.; Hardy, John C.; Hecht, AA; Iacob, VE; Lee, JKP; Levand, AF; Lundgren, BF; Scielzo, ND; Sharma, KS; Tanihata, I.; Towner, IS; Trimble, W.; Wang, JC; Wang, Y.; Zhou, Z.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The masses of the radioactive nuclei Mg-22 and Na-22 have been measured with the Canadian Penning trap on-line mass spectrometer to a precision of 3x10(-8) and 1x10(-8), respectively. A Q(EC) value of 4124.39(73) keV for the superallowed beta decay...

  3. UC DAVIS CUPA SELF AUDIT CHECKLIST 1. Are chemical hazardous waste containers disposed of through Yes No NA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolner, Brian H.

    UC DAVIS CUPA SELF AUDIT CHECKLIST 1. Are chemical hazardous waste containers disposed of through days if 1 pound or 1 quart of acutely hazardous waste is accumulated? (Prudent practice is to dispose of within 90 days). 2. Does each chemical hazardous waste container have a UC Davis Yes Ë No Ë NA Ë

  4. Q value of the superallowed decay of Mg-22 and the calibration of the Na-21(p,gamma) experiment 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Savard, G.; Clark, JA; Buchinger, F.; Crawford, JE; Gulick, S.; Hardy, John C.; Hecht, AA; Iacob, VE; Lee, JKP; Levand, AF; Lundgren, BF; Scielzo, ND; Sharma, KS; Tanihata, I.; Towner, IS; Trimble, W.; Wang, JC; Wang, Y.; Zhou, Z.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The masses of the radioactive nuclei Mg-22 and Na-22 have been measured with the Canadian Penning trap on-line mass spectrometer to a precision of 3x10(-8) and 1x10(-8), respectively. A Q(EC) value of 4124.39(73) keV for the superallowed beta decay...

  5. Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 58 (1999) 199}208 The behaviour of Na implanted into Mo thin "lms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rockett, Angus

    Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 58 (1999) 199}208 The behaviour of Na implanted into Mo thin, As ngstro( m Solar Center, P.O. Box 534, SE-751 21 Uppsala, Sweden Department of Materials Science Mo thin "lms used as back contacts for Cu(In,Ga)Se solar cells. The samples were analysed

  6. Structure and luminescence properties of silver-doped NaY(PO{sub 3}){sub 4} crystal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El Masloumi, M. [CNRS, Universite Bordeaux, ICMB, 87 Avenue du Dr A. Schweitzer, Pessac F-33608 (France); Faculte des Sciences Semlalia, LC S M, Marrakech, Maroc (Morocco); Jubera, V.; Pechev, S.; Chaminade, J.P. [CNRS, Universite Bordeaux, ICMB, 87 Avenue du Dr A. Schweitzer, Pessac F-33608 (France); Videau, J.J. [CNRS, Universite Bordeaux, ICMB, 87 Avenue du Dr A. Schweitzer, Pessac F-33608 (France)], E-mail: videau@icmcb-bordeaux.cnrs.fr; Mesnaoui, M.; Maazaz, M. [Faculte des Sciences Semlalia, LC S M, Marrakech, Maroc (Morocco); Moine, B. [Universite Claude -Bernard, Lyon 1, L PCM L, 10 rue A.M. Ampere, Villeurbanne F-69622 (France)

    2008-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Single crystals of NaY(PO{sub 3}){sub 4} and Ag{sub 0.07}Na{sub 0.93}Y(PO{sub 3}){sub 4} have been synthesized by flux method. These new compounds turned out to be isostructural to NaLn(PO{sub 3}){sub 4}, with Ln=La, Nd, Gd and Er [monoclinic, P2{sub 1}/n, a=7.1615(2) A, b=13.0077(1) A, c=9.7032 (3) A, {beta}=90.55 (1){sup o}, V=903.86(14) A{sup 3} and Z=4]. The structure is based upon long polyphosphate chains running along the shortest unit-cell direction and made up of PO{sub 4} tetrahedra sharing two corners, linked to yttrium and sodium polyhedra. Infrared and Raman spectra at room temperature confirms this atomic arrangement. The luminescence of silver ions was reported in metaphosphate of composition Ag{sub 0.07}Na{sub 0.93}Y(PO{sub 3}){sub 4}. One luminescent centre was detected and assigned to single Ag{sup +} ions. - Graphical abstract: The presence of only one Ag{sup +} luminescence centre is the result from the perfect isolation (Ag{sup +}-Ag{sup +}=5.90 A) of each oxygenated silver site (AgO{sub 8} polyhedra) sharing two faces and one corner with three yttrium polyhedra.

  7. Surface Tensions in NaCl-Water-Air Systems from MD Simulations Ranjit Bahadur, Lynn M. Russell,*, and Saman Alavi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Lynn

    Surface Tensions in NaCl-Water-Air Systems from MD Simulations Ranjit Bahadur, Lynn M. Russell, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0R6, Canada ReceiVed: July 9, 2007; In Final Form: July 30, 2007 Surface tensions to the surface tension, while the energy-integral and test area methods provide direct estimates. At 1 atm

  8. Quadruple-layered perovskite (CuCl)Ca{sub 2}NaNb{sub 4}O{sub 13}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kitada, A.; Tsujimoto, Y.; Yamamoto, T. [Department of Energy and Hydrocarbon Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Kyoto University, Nishikyo, Kyoto 615-8510 (Japan); Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Kobayashi, Y. [Department of Energy and Hydrocarbon Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Kyoto University, Nishikyo, Kyoto 615-8510 (Japan); Narumi, Y. [Institute for Solid State Physics, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8581 (Japan); Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Katahira 2-1-1, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Kindo, K. [Institute for Solid State Physics, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8581 (Japan); Aczel, A.A.; Luke, G.M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, L8S 4M1 (Canada); Uemura, Y.J. [Department of Physics, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027 (United States); Kiuchi, Y.; Ueda, Y. [Institute for Solid State Physics, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8581 (Japan); Yoshimura, K. [Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Ajiro, Y. [Department of Energy and Hydrocarbon Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Kyoto University, Nishikyo, Kyoto 615-8510 (Japan); Kageyama, H., E-mail: kage@scl.kyoto-u.ac.jp [Department of Energy and Hydrocarbon Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Kyoto University, Nishikyo, Kyoto 615-8510 (Japan); Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Sciences, Kyoto University, Sakyo, Kyoto 606-8501 (Japan); CREST, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Kawaguchi 332-0012 (Japan)

    2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We will present the synthesis, structure and magnetic properties of a new quadruple-layered perovskite (CuCl)Ca{sub 2}NaNb{sub 4}O{sub 13}. Through a topotactic ion-exchange reaction with CuCl{sub 2}, the precursor RbCa{sub 2}NaNb{sub 4}O{sub 13} presumably having an incoherent octahederal tliting changes into (CuCl)Ca{sub 2}NaNb{sub 4}O{sub 13} with a 2a{sub p} Multiplication-Sign 2a{sub p} Multiplication-Sign 2c{sub p} superstructure (tetragonal; a=7.73232(5) A, c=39.2156(4) A). The well-defined superstructure for the ion-exchanged product should be stabilized by the inserted CuCl{sub 4}O{sub 2} octahedral layers that firmly connect with neighboring perovskite layers. Magnetic studies show the absence of long-range magnetic ordering down to 2 K despite strong in-plane interactions. Aleksandrov Prime s group theory and Rietveld refinement of synchrotron X-ray diffraction data suggest the structure to be of I4/mmm space group with in-phase tilting along the a and b axes, a two-tilt system (++0). - Graphical Abstract: We present a quadruple-layered copper oxyhalide (CuCl)Ca{sub 2}NaNb{sub 4}O{sub 13} synthesized through a topotactic ion-exchange reaction of RbCa{sub 2}NaNb{sub 4}O{sub 13} with CuCl{sub 2}. The compound has a well-defined superstructure. Magnetic studies suggest the absence of magnetic order even at 2 K. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer (CuCl)Ca{sub 2}NaNb{sub 4}O{sub 13} was prepared by ion-exchange reaction of RbCa{sub 2}NaNb{sub 4}O{sub 13} with CuCl{sub 2}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Compound has a 2a{sub p} Multiplication-Sign 2a{sub p} Multiplication-Sign 2c{sub p} superstructure (tetragonal; a=7.73 A, c=39.21 A). Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Such a well-defined superstructure was not observed in the precursor compound. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Aleksandrov Prime s theory and Rietveld study suggest a (++0) octahedral tilting (I4/mmm). Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Magnetic studies revealed the absence of magnetic order down to 2 K.

  9. Measurement of the Low Energy Nuclear Response in NaI(Tl) Crystals for Use in Dark Matter Direct Detection Experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stiegler, Tyana Michele

    2013-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The response of low energy nuclear recoil in NaI(Tl) is investigated in the following experiment. Such detectors have been used recently to search for evidence of dark matter in the form of weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs). Na...

  10. Unique properties of ?-NaFeO{sub 2}: De-intercalation of sodium via hydrolysis and the intercalation of guest molecules into the extract solution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Monyoncho, Evans; Bissessur, Rabin, E-mail: rabissessur@upei.ca

    2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Facile de-intercalating Na from NaFeO2. • Formation of layered sodium hydrogen carbonate hydrate. • Intercalation chemistry on layered sodium hydrogen carbonate hydrate. - Abstract: We report on a versatile method for the de-intercalation of Na from ?-NaFeO{sub 2} by using water to produce ?-Na{sub 1?x}FeO{sub 2}, where x ? 1. This de-intercalation technique provides an excellent route to ion exchange Na with other metal ions in ?-NaFeO{sub 2}. The hydrolysis mechanism is provided. We show that the extracted solution captures CO{sub 2} from the atmosphere leading to the formation of sodium hydrogen carbonate hydrate crystals. The lamellar structure of the hydrate crystals was confirmed by powder X-ray diffraction, and were found Na-deficient via elemental analysis. Intercalation of guest molecules such as polymers, alcohols, and inorganic ions into the gallery space of the newly formed sodium hydrogen carbonate hydrate crystals was demonstrated by the use of powder X-ray diffraction technique. The reported materials were also characterized by Mössbauer spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, differential scanning calorimetry, infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy.

  11. Comparison of protein patterns of xrs-5, a radiosensitive Chinese hamster ovary cell line, and CHO-K1, its radioresistant parent, using two-dimensional gel-electrophoresis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kramer, J.M. (Miami Univ., Oxford, OH (USA). Dept. of Zoology)

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    X-ray sensitive strains of Chinese hamster ovary cell lines have been used to analyze radiation repair mechanisms. One cell line, xrs-5, has been shown to be very sensitive to ionizing radiation and radical forming chemical mutagens. This sensitivity is thought to be a result a mutation in the DNA double strand break (DSB) repair mechanism, and its characterization has been a goal of several repair mechanism studies. Using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, we have detected a protein (MW approximately 55KD) in the DNA/Nuclear Matrix (nucleoid) cell fraction of CHO-Kl cells that is absent in the nucleoid fraction of xrs-5. This protein is present, however, in both CHO-Kl and xrs-5 whole cell protein maps. To determine whether the 55KD protein is responsible for the radiosensitive and defective DSB repair phenotype of xrs-5 cells, studies are now underway to analyze revertants of xrs-5 that are proficient in DSB repair. Furthermore, an effort to sequence the protein in question is planned. 23 refs., 2 figs.

  12. N/Z and N/A dependence of balance energy as a probe of symmetry energy in heavy-ion collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aman D. Sood

    2011-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the N/Z and N/A dependence of balance energy (E$_{bal}$) for isotopic series of Ca having N/Z (N/A) varying from 1.0 to 2.0 (0.5 to 0.67). We show that the N/Z (N/A) dependence of E$_{bal}$ is sensitive to symmetry energy and its density dependence at densities higher than saturation density and is insensitive towards the isospin dependence of nucleon-nucleon (nn) cross section and Coulomb repulsion. We also study the effect of momentum dependent interactions (MDI) on the N/Z (N/A) dependence of E$_{bal}$. We find that although MDI influences the E$_{bal}$ drastically, the N/Z (N/A) dependence of E$_{bal}$ remains unchanged on inclusion of MDI.

  13. Examination of Na-Doped Mo Sputtering for CIGS Devices: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-10-375

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Repins, I.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This work has investigated the use of Na doped Mo (MONA) sputtering targets for use in preparing CIGS devices. The Mo:Na material is doped to about 3% Na by weight, implying that a 40 nm layer on top of the standard Mo contact contains sufficient Na to dope a 2.5 ..mu..m CIGS film. The ability to control Na doping independent of both CIGS processing conditions and adhesion is an important gain for industry and research. Manufacturers gain a route to increased manufacturability and performance, while NREL researchers gain a tightened performance distribution of devices and increased process flexibility. Our immediate partner in this work, the Climax Molybdenum Technology Center, gains validation of their product.

  14. FeO-containing K-Na-rich silicate (`KNSF': SiO2 64.3 wt%, K2O 18.6 wt%, Na2O 12.4 wt%, FeO 4.6 wt%) with a low melting temperature. The experiments at the Australian

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waxman, David

    FeO-containing K-Na-rich silicate (`KNSF': SiO2 64.3 wt%, K2O 18.6 wt%, Na2O 12.4 wt%, FeO 4.6 wt and equilibrated with the FeO- containing K-Na-rich silicate. The silicate material was prepared from a mixture drilled out of the KNSF silicate glass and were inserted into capsules fabricated from the Pd90Fe10 and Pt

  15. Spin-lozenge thermodynamics and magnetic excitations in Na3RuO4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haraldsen, Jason T [ORNL; Stone, Matthew B [ORNL; Lumsden, Mark D [ORNL; Barnes, Ted {F E } [ORNL; Jin, Rongying [ORNL; Taylor, J. W. [ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory; Fernandez-Alonso, F [ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report inelastic and elastic neutron scattering, magnetic susceptibility, and heat capacity measurements of polycrystalline sodium ruthenate (Na3RuO4). Previous work suggests this material consists of isolated tetramers of S = 3/2 Ru5+ ions in a so-called lozenge configuration. Using a Heisenberg antiferromagnet Hamiltonian, we analytically determine the energy eigenstates for general spin S. From this model, the neutron scattering cross-sections for excitations associated with spin-3/2 tetramer configurations is determined. Comparison of magnetic susceptibility and inelastic neutron scattering results shows that the proposed lozenge model is not distinctly supported, but provides evidence that the system may be better described as a pair of non-interacting inequivalent dimers, i.e double dimers. However, the existence of long-range magnetic order below Tc ? 28 K immediately questions such a description. Although no evidence of the lozenge model is observed, future studies on single crystals may further clarify the appropriate magnetic Hamiltonian.

  16. New results on direct CP violation in charged kaon decays by NA48/2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Lamanna

    2006-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The NA48/2 result, based on the data collected during the 2003 run, on direct CP violation in $K^{\\pm}\\to\\pi^{\\pm}\\pi^0\\pi^0$ decay is presented. The main goal of the experiment is to reach a sensitivity at level of $10^{-4}$ in the measurement of the charge asymmetry parameter $A_g=(g^+-g^-)/(g^++g^-)$, where $g$ is the \\emph{linear slope} of the Dalitz plot in the $K\\to 3\\pi$ decay. Thanks to the simultaneous collection of the two kaon charges and to the high resolution of the main sub-detectors, the systematics uncertainties are kept under the statistical error level. The experimental procedure, the analysis technique and the main systematics are discussed to present the final result $$ A_g=(1.8\\pm2.6)\\times 10^{-4} $$ This result based on more than $45\\cdot10^6$ events, correspondig to one half of the whole two year data taking, is about an order of magnitude more precise with respect to the previous measurement.

  17. Comparison of PVT And NaI(Tl) Scintillators for Vehicle Portal Monitor Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Siciliano, Edward R.; Ely, James H.; Kouzes, Richard T.; Milbrath, Brian D.; Schweppe, John E.; Stromswold, David C.

    2005-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The demand for radiation portal monitor (RPM) systems has increased, and their capabilities are being further scrutinized as they are being applied to the task of detecting nuclear weapons, special nuclear material, and radiation dispersal device materials that could appear at borders. The requirements and constraints on RPM systems deployed at high-volume land border crossings are significantly different from those at weapons facilities and steel recycling plants, where RPMs have been historically employed. In this new homeland security application, RPM systems must rapidly detect localized sources of radiation with a very high detection probability and low false-alarm rate, while screening “100%” of the traffic without impeding the flow of commerce. In light of this new DHS application, this report re-examines the capabilities of two popular gamma-ray-detector materials to meet the needs of RPM systems. This is accomplished by using experimental data and computer simulations together with practical deployment experience to assess the capabilities of currently available polyvinyl-toluene and NaI(Tl) gamma detectors. (PIET-43741-TM-057)

  18. Non-specific binding of Na$^+$ and Mg$^{2+}$ to RNA determined by force spectroscopy methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. V. Bizarro; A. Alemany; F. Ritort

    2012-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

    RNA duplex stability depends strongly on ionic conditions, and inside cells RNAs are exposed to both monovalent and multivalent ions. Despite recent advances, we do not have general methods to quantitatively account for the effects of monovalent and multivalent ions on RNA stability, and the thermodynamic parameters for secondary structure prediction have only been derived at 1M [Na$^+$]. Here, by mechanically unfolding and folding a 20 bp RNA hairpin using optical tweezers, we study the RNA thermodynamics and kinetics at different monovalent and mixed monovalent/Mg$^{2+}$ salt conditions. We measure the unfolding and folding rupture forces and apply Kramers theory to extract accurate information about the hairpin free energy landscape under tension at a wide range of ionic conditions. We obtain non-specific corrections for the free energy of formation of the RNA hairpin and measure how the distance of the transition state to the folded state changes with force and ionic strength. We experimentally validate the Tightly Bound Ion model and obtain values for the persistence length of ssRNA. Finally, we test the approximate rule by which the non-specific binding affinity of divalent cations at a given concentration is equivalent to that of monovalent cations taken at 100 fold that concentration for small molecular constructs.

  19. Comparison of LaBr3:Ce and NaI(Tl) Scintillators for Radio-Isotope Identification Devices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milbrath, Brian D.; Choate, Bethany J.; Fast, Jim E.; Hensley, Walter K.; Kouzes, Richard T.; Schweppe, John E.

    2006-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Lanthanum halide (LaBr3:Ce) scintillators offer significantly better resolution (<3 percent at 662 kilo-electron volt [keV]) relative to sodium iodide (NaI(Tl)) and have recently become commercially available in sizes large enough for the hand-held radio-isotope identification device (RIID) market. There are drawbacks to lanthanum halide detectors, however. These include internal radioactivity that contributes to spectral counts and a low-energy response that can cause detector resolution to be lower than that of NaI(Tl) below 100 keV. To study the potential of this new material for RIIDs, we performed a series of measurements comparing a 1.5?1.5 inch LaBr?3:Ce detector with an Exploranium GR 135 RIID, which contains a 1.5-2.2 inch NaI(Tl) detector. Measurements were taken for short time frames, as typifies RIID usage. Measurements included examples of naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM), typically found in cargo, and special nuclear materials. Some measurements were noncontact, involving short distances or cargo shielding scenarios. To facilitate direct comparison, spectra from the different detectors were analyzed with the same isotope identification software (ORTEC ScintiVision TM). In general, the LaBr3:Ce detector was able to find more peaks and find them faster than the NaI(Tl) detector. To the same level of significance, the LaBr3:Ce detector was usually two to three times faster. The notable exception was for 40K containing NORM where interfering internal contamination in the LaBr3:Ce detector exist. NaI(Tl) consistently outperformed LaBr3:Ce for this important isotope. LaBr3:Ce currently costs much more than NaI(Tl), though this cost-difference is expected to diminish (but not completely) with time. As is true of all detectors, LaBr3:Ce will need to be gain-stabilized for RIID applications. This could possibly be done using the internal contaminants themselves. It is the experience of the authors that peak finding software in RIIDs needs to be improved, regardless of the detector material.

  20. Treatment of EBR-I NaK mixed waste at Argonne National Laboratory and subsequent land disposal at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Herrmann, S. D.; Buzzell, J. A.; Holzemer, M. J.

    1998-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Sodium/potassium (NaK) liquid metal coolant, contaminated with fission products from the core meltdown of Experimental Breeder Reactor I (EBR-I) and classified as a mixed waste, has been deactivated and converted to a contact-handled, low-level waste at Argonne's Sodium Component Maintenance Shop and land disposed at the Radioactive Waste Management Complex. Treatment of the EBR-I NaK involved converting the sodium and potassium to its respective hydroxide via reaction with air and water, followed by conversion to its respective carbonate via reaction with carbon dioxide. The resultant aqueous carbonate solution was solidified in 55-gallon drums. Challenges in the NaK treatment involved processing a mixed waste which was incompletely characterized and difficult to handle. The NaK was highly radioactive, i.e. up to 4.5 R/hr on contact with the mixed waste drums. In addition, the potential existed for plutonium and toxic characteristic metals to be present in the NaK, resultant from the location of the partial core meltdown of EBR-I in 1955. Moreover, the NaK was susceptible to degradation after more than 40 years of storage in unmonitored conditions. Such degradation raised the possibility of energetic exothermic reactions between the liquid NaK and its crust, which could have consisted of potassium superoxide as well as hydrated sodium/potassium hydroxides.