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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1989-2013 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Percentage of Total Natural Gas Commercial Deliveries included in Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

City Gate Price Residential Price Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices Commercial Price Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices Industrial Price Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices Electric Power Price Period: Monthly Annual City Gate Price Residential Price Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices Commercial Price Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices Industrial Price Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices Electric Power Price Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View History U.S. 63.3 59.3 57.9 57.0 57.4 61.3 1983-2013 Alabama 71.7 71.0 68.5 68.2 68.4 66.7 1989-2013 Alaska 94.1 91.6 91.1 91.0 92.3 92.6 1989-2013 Arizona 84.0 83.0 81.6 80.3 82.8 82.7 1989-2013 Arkansas 37.8 28.3 28.1 28.6 26.7 28.0 1989-2013

2

New Jersey Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6.17 6.68 1989-2013 Residential Price 11.21 10.81 11.02 11.12 NA 11.81 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 91.2 90.7 NA 90.2 NA NA 2002-2013...

3

Georgia Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4.44 NA NA 1989-2013 Residential Price NA 12.92 12.59 12.18 14.35 17.64 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices NA 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

4

District of Columbia Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

-- -- -- -- 1989-2013 Residential Price 11.83 11.96 11.75 12.57 NA 15.78 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 77.3 NA 77.7 76.3 NA 68.9...

5

North Carolina Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4.29 4.48 NA 1989-2013 Residential Price NA 11.07 10.20 NA 12.59 17.44 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

6

South Carolina Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4.40 4.61 5.77 6.13 1989-2013 Residential Price NA 11.88 NA NA 13.29 18.91 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

7

Variable percentage sampler  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A remotely operable sampler is provided for obtaining variable percentage samples of nuclear fuel particles and the like for analyses. The sampler has a rotating cup for a sample collection chamber designed so that the effective size of the sample inlet opening to the cup varies with rotational speed. Samples of a desired size are withdrawn from a flowing stream of particles without a deterrent to the flow of remaining particles.

Miller, Jr., William H. (Knoxville, TN)

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Maryland Natural Gas Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

6.17 7.02 1989-2013 Residential Price NA 10.78 10.30 10.42 12.70 15.65 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices NA 76.5 75.4 75.2 72.9 70.8...

9

New York Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5.88 7.95 1989-2013 Residential Price NA 11.42 10.94 11.57 12.82 15.94 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices NA 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

10

Montana Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4.14 4.53 NA 1989-2013 Residential Price 7.60 7.59 7.83 7.76 8.05 9.08 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 99.8 99.8 99.8 99.8 99.7 NA...

11

Maine Natural Gas Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

6.80 6.72 8.18 1989-2013 Residential Price NA 15.33 NA 15.67 15.75 15.45 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

12

Ohio Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4.76 4.18 NA 1989-2013 Residential Price 8.22 7.58 7.49 7.86 9.07 13.17 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 NA...

13

Massachusetts Natural Gas Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

6.97 8.11 1989-2013 Residential Price 13.38 13.18 12.99 13.04 13.22 NA 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 91.2 93.5 94.4 90.6 90.7 NA...

14

Minnesota Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4.43 4.50 4.68 1989-2013 Residential Price 7.52 7.29 7.42 7.50 8.15 NA 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

15

New Mexico Natural Gas Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

4.02 4.30 4.45 1989-2013 Residential Price 8.22 7.56 7.60 7.81 8.95 10.75 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 NA 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

16

Alabama Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4.80 5.11 1989-2013 Residential Price 15.39 14.44 14.29 NA 15.40 18.40 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

17

North Dakota Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4.67 4.88 NA 1989-2013 Residential Price 6.69 6.48 6.59 6.60 7.09 9.20 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

18

Rhode Island Natural Gas Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

4.07 NA 1989-2013 Residential Price 12.09 12.58 13.85 14.59 18.74 17.45 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

19

California Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

NA 4.58 4.57 1989-2013 Residential Price 9.41 9.52 8.92 9.21 9.85 10.96 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 97.5 96.9 96.9 96.1 96.0 95.7...

20

Arkansas Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4.54 NA 6.66 1989-2013 Residential Price 10.67 9.31 9.68 9.04 10.04 12.33 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1989-2013 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Nevada Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

NA 5.08 5.80 1989-2013 Residential Price 8.46 7.63 7.87 8.48 10.03 11.09 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

22

Utah Natural Gas Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

5.89 5.16 5.38 1989-2013 Residential Price NA 8.11 8.07 8.33 8.47 8.12 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

23

Florida Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4.79 4.68 1989-2013 Residential Price 16.47 15.43 16.38 15.96 16.68 19.77 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 98.1 98.0 97.8 97.7 NA 98.2...

24

Indiana Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

13.21 16.37 NA 15.24 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 95.1 94.4 94.1 94.3 NA 94.7 2002-2013 Commercial Price 7.29 9.54 NA NA NA 9.77...

25

Rhode Island Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

17.45 NA 20.88 NA 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 12.43 13.23 15.54 NA...

26

Nebraska Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

13.52 15.57 16.64 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 89.1 88.3 87.3 88.0 NA 88.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 6.33 6.34 6.53 7.25 NA NA...

27

Texas Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

10.66 12.16 NA NA NA 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 6.63 7.32 7.66 8.50...

28

Oregon Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

12.56 NA NA 15.73 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 8.96 8.91 8.95 NA 9.23...

29

Missouri Natural Gas Prices - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Commercial Price: 8.24: 8.22: 8.78: 9.48: 11.32: NA: 1989-2013: Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices: 76.4: 77.0: 74.0: 66.1: 59.6: NA: 1989 ...

30

New Jersey Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

12.53 13.57 13.88 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 90.2 NA NA 90.2 89.9 89.9 2002-2013 Commercial Price 9.81 8.90 9.29 9.87 9.91 9.53...

31

Virginia Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

14.97 NA 20.70 19.90 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 90.6 88.3 88.1 NA 86.4 88.8 2002-2013 Commercial Price 8.21 9.11 9.52 9.96 10.36 10.09...

32

Maine Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

15.59 17.76 18.15 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price NA NA 13.57 11.07 11.44...

33

Massachusetts Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

NA 14.63 16.02 16.53 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 90.6 90.7 NA 77.2 72.2 70.5 2002-2013 Commercial Price 11.44 11.17 11.43 9.86 9.80...

34

Kansas Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

11.69 NA 20.41 20.69 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 8.17 9.00 10.16 NA...

35

Percentage of Total Natural Gas Industrial Deliveries included...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pipeline and Distribution Use Price City Gate Price Residential Price Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices Commercial Price Percentage of Total Commercial...

36

Percentage of Total Natural Gas Residential Deliveries included...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

City Gate Price Residential Price Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices Commercial Price Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices...

37

Illinois Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

14.56 15.62 15.52 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 87.5 84.9 83.4 84.8 86.6 86.7 2002-2013 Commercial Price 7.04 8.26 NA 12.27 12.69...

38

Kentucky Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

17.45 20.55 20.92 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 95.9 94.3 95.8 96.3 96.9 97.1 2002-2013 Commercial Price 7.02 7.81 NA 11.14 11.58...

39

Missouri Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

21.40 23.86 24.98 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 8.22 8.78 9.48 11.32 NA...

40

Florida Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

21.45 22.76 23.39 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 97.7 NA 98.2 97.8 97.8 97.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 11.02 11.18 10.63 11.39 11.21...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1989-2013 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Wisconsin Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9.85 NA 12.66 12.76 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 7.05 7.38 7.19 7.58...

42

Maryland Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

17.45 16.48 18.75 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 75.1 73.5 72.5 71.2 77.7 69.6 2002-2013 Commercial Price 9.30 10.67 11.84 12.79 NA...

43

California Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

11.40 11.08 10.94 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 96.1 96.0 95.7 95.6 95.4 95.3 2002-2013 Commercial Price 7.41 NA 7.85 8.46 8.03 8.05...

44

North Carolina Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

23.09 21.96 22.42 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price NA 8.59 9.52 9.79 10.03...

45

Ohio Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

17.82 22.69 23.37 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price NA 7.03 7.59 7.04 7.40...

46

Oklahoma Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

19.27 23.23 24.07 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 6.89 7.90 NA 13.42...

47

Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity (Percent by Interval) Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes API Gravity Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History 20.0º or Less 16.07 17.25 17.35 14.65 17.17 19.70 1983-2013 20.1º to 25.0º 34.75 32.07 33.66 33.41 32.73 35.52 1983-2013 25.1º to 30.0º 9.35 8.59 8.61 11.45 8.98 7.73 1983-2013 30.1º to 35.0º 25.99 30.03 26.36 28.73 29.89 26.56 1983-2013 35.1º to 40.0º 11.94 10.60 12.42 9.74 9.89 8.80 1983-2013 40.1º to 45.0º 1.62 1.23 1.13 1.70 1.14 W 1983-2013 45.1º or Greater 0.28 0.23 0.48 0.31 0.20 W 1983-2013 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.

48

Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity 50 Energy Information Administration / Petroleum Marketing Annual 1997. Created Date:

49

Residential Consumption of Natural Gas (Summary)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

368,670 193,869 128,608 112,802 108,847 120,681 1973-2013 368,670 193,869 128,608 112,802 108,847 120,681 1973-2013 Alabama 2,208 1,330 984 718 771 783 1989-2013 Alaska 1,901 1,121 589 500 593 994 1989-2013 Arizona 2,272 1,674 1,226 1,052 1,031 1,132 1989-2013 Arkansas 2,516 1,424 758 633 634 577 1989-2013 California 31,397 26,182 22,863 20,883 21,203 19,688 1989-2013 Colorado 12,415 6,719 3,653 2,677 2,661 3,201 1989-2013 Connecticut 4,273 1,676 1,202 903 981 1,167 1989-2013 Delaware 711 NA 196 149 158 180 1989-2013 District of Columbia 743 438 NA 274 248 275 1989-2013 Florida NA 959 639 703 712 842 1989-2013 Georgia 7,299 5,281 3,680 3,607 3,640 3,650 1989-2013 Hawaii 49 50 50 47 47 47 1989-2013 Idaho 1,844 897 649 471 422 647 1989-2013 Illinois

50

Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Percentage of Dry Natural Gas...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reserves from Greater than 200 Meters Deep (Percent) Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Percentage of Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves from Greater than 200 Meters Deep (Percent)...

51

Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Percentage of Crude Oil Production...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

from Greater than 200 Meters Deep (Percent) Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Percentage of Crude Oil Production from Greater than 200 Meters Deep (Percent) Decade Year-0...

52

Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Percentage of Natural Gas Liquids...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Reserves from Greater than 200 Meters Deep (Percent) Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Percentage of Natural Gas Liquids Proved Reserves from Greater than 200 Meters Deep (Percent)...

53

Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Percentage of Dry Natural Gas...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

from Greater than 200 Meters Deep (Percent) Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Percentage of Dry Natural Gas Production from Greater than 200 Meters Deep (Percent) Decade...

54

Figure 5. Percentage change in natural gas dry production and ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Figure 5. Percentage change in natural gas dry production and number of gas wells in the United States, 2007?2011 annual ...

55

Table 25. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Monthly February 2012 50 Table 25. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity

56

Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Percentage of Natural Gas, Wet...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reserves from Greater than 200 Meters Deep (Percent) Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Percentage of Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves from Greater than 200...

57

Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Percentage of Natural Gas Liquids...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

from Greater than 200 Meters Deep (Percent) Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Percentage of Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate Production from Greater than 200 Meters Deep...

58

Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Percentage of Natural Gas, Wet...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

from Greater than 200 Meters Deep (Percent) Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Percentage of Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Production from Greater than 200 Meters...

59

Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Percentage of Natural Gas Liquids...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

from Greater than 200 Meters Deep (Percent) Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Percentage of Natural Gas Liquids Production from Greater than 200 Meters Deep (Percent) Decade...

60

Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Percentage of Crude Oil Proved...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Reserves from Greater than 200 Meters Deep (Percent) Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Percentage of Crude Oil Proved Reserves from Greater than 200 Meters Deep (Percent) Decade...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1989-2013 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Percentage of Natural Gas Liquids...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Reserves from Greater than 200 Meters Deep (Percent) Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Percentage of Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate Proved Reserves from Greater than 200 Meters...

62

Physical Education Building Building Room Material Amount Percentage Priority Action  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physical Education Building Building Room Material Amount Percentage Priority Action Phys Ed Level Mechanical Insulation 250 LF 70.00 P6 Manage Phys Ed Level 1 East PE1H2 Pipe Fitting Mud 6 each 85.00 P5 #12;Building Room Material Amount Percentage Priority Action Phys Ed Level 2 West PE200 Pipe Fitting

Seldin, Jonathan P.

63

Alabama Natural Gas Percentage Total Commercial Deliveries (Percent...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Commercial Deliveries (Percent) Alabama Natural Gas Percentage Total Commercial Deliveries (Percent) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

64

A Reassessment of the Percentage of Tornadic Mesocyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A large set of data collected by numerous Weather Surveillance Radar-1988 Doppler (WSR-88D) units around the United States was analyzed to reassess the percentage of tornadic mesocyclones. Out of the 5322 individual mesocyclone detections that ...

Robert J. Trapp; Gregory J. Stumpf; Kevin L. Manross

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Alabama Natural Gas Percentage Total Industrial Deliveries (Percent...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Industrial Deliveries (Percent) Alabama Natural Gas Percentage Total Industrial Deliveries (Percent) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

66

New Mexico Natural Gas Percentage Total Commercial Deliveries...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Commercial Deliveries (Percent) New Mexico Natural Gas Percentage Total Commercial Deliveries (Percent) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

67

New Mexico Natural Gas Percentage Total Industrial Deliveries...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Industrial Deliveries (Percent) New Mexico Natural Gas Percentage Total Industrial Deliveries (Percent) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

68

Percentage of Total Natural Gas Industrial Deliveries included in Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

City Gate Price Residential Price Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices Commercial Price Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices Industrial Price Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices Electric Power Price Period: Monthly Annual City Gate Price Residential Price Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices Commercial Price Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices Industrial Price Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices Electric Power Price Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View History U.S. 16.5 16.3 16.0 16.2 16.6 16.9 2001-2013 Alabama 22.1 21.7 21.6 22.8 22.0 22.7 2001-2013 Alaska 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2001-2013 Arizona 13.4 15.7 15.3 13.8 13.7 13.9 2001-2013 Arkansas 1.7 1.4 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.5 2001-2013

69

Percentage of Total Natural Gas Commercial Deliveries included in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Prices are in ...

70

Service Building 4 Building Room Material Amount Percentage Priority Action  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Service Building 4 Building Room Material Amount Percentage Priority Action Service Building 4 S160 65 sqft 15.00 P5 Manage S1J74 Friday, February 18, 2011 Page 1 of 2 #12;Building Room Material Amount Manage Mechanical Insulation 100 LF 55.00 P5 Manage Service Buliding 4 S16H6A Gypsum Wallboard Joint

Seldin, Jonathan P.

71

Utah Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

51 5.54 5.81 5.89 5.16 5.38 1989-2013 Residential NA 8.11 8.07 8.33 8.47 8.12 1989-2013 Commercial NA 6.95 6.90 7.07 7.08 6.60 1989-2013 Industrial 5.40 5.59 5.48 5.51 5.41 5.26...

72

Ohio Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

63 4.76 4.18 NA 3.91 4.03 1989-2013 Residential 7.49 7.86 9.07 13.17 17.82 22.69 1989-2013 Commercial 7.25 NA 7.03 7.59 7.04 7.40 1989-2013 Industrial 5.09 5.28 5.55 6.17 7.18 6.33...

73

Idaho Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

10 4.56 4.46 4.18 4.09 3.68 1989-2013 Residential 8.73 8.93 9.31 9.70 8.81 8.62 1989-2013 Commercial 7.58 7.41 7.32 7.32 7.24 NA 1989-2013 Industrial 5.24 5.10 5.27 4.96 5.05 NA...

74

Average Residential Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3.06 15.06 16.32 17.69 NA NA 1989-2013 Florida 16.67 19.76 21.44 22.75 23.38 23.01 1989-2013 Georgia 14.55 17.77 23.42 24.98 25.10 25.61 1989-2013 Maryland 12.02 15.43 17.45 19.15...

75

What percentage of homes in the U.S. use natural gas? - FAQ - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Maps by energy source and ... What percentage of homes in the U.S. use ... What is the volume of world natural gas reserves? What percentage of homes in the U.S. use ...

76

Average Commercial Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8.24 8.75 9.09 8.99 9.07 8.78 1973-2013 8.24 8.75 9.09 8.99 9.07 8.78 1973-2013 Alabama 12.36 13.26 13.60 13.60 13.43 13.27 1989-2013 Alaska 8.01 8.25 8.45 8.30 8.04 8.41 1989-2013 Arizona 8.65 8.63 8.69 9.00 9.02 8.97 1989-2013 Arkansas 7.66 8.38 8.91 8.94 8.82 8.75 1989-2013 California NA 7.77 8.37 7.94 7.97 7.41 1989-2013 Colorado 7.09 7.63 8.62 9.76 9.87 8.88 1989-2013 Connecticut 7.71 8.56 8.59 8.18 8.50 8.21 1989-2013 Delaware 11.64 12.74 13.72 14.12 14.69 14.54 1989-2013 District of Columbia 12.64 13.16 12.51 12.85 12.13 12.43 1989-2013 Florida 11.26 10.70 11.47 11.29 11.16 10.80 1989-2013 Georgia 9.56 10.32 10.96 11.01 11.12 10.89 1989-2013 Hawaii 44.78 42.04 39.71 40.96 40.07 38.12 1989-2013 Idaho 7.44 7.58 7.41 7.32 7.32 7.24 1989-2013

77

Wisconsin Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

43 4.60 5.04 5.95 6.91 6.25 1989-2013 Residential 7.96 8.14 9.00 9.85 NA 12.66 1989-2013 Commercial 6.99 7.05 7.38 7.19 7.58 7.26 1989-2013 Industrial 6.05 6.21 6.59 6.11 6.01 5.39...

78

Nevada Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

60 4.94 NA 5.08 5.80 5.60 1989-2013 Residential 7.63 7.87 8.48 10.03 11.09 12.16 1989-2013 Commercial 5.96 5.95 6.04 6.38 6.56 6.78 1989-2013 Industrial 6.09 6.04 6.10 6.23 6.33...

79

Delaware Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6.56 8.19 1989-2013 Residential Price 12.80 12.32 12.19 12.38 13.12 16.23 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

80

Mississippi Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4.14 4.73 4.83 1989-2013 Residential Price 8.72 8.06 8.20 7.83 8.65 10.14 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1989-2013 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Washington Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4.76 5.86 1989-2013 Residential Price 10.58 10.47 10.67 10.90 11.20 13.02 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

82

Oklahoma Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4.65 4.73 5.23 1989-2013 Residential Price 9.20 7.65 8.36 8.01 9.27 11.81 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

83

Louisiana Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4.60 4.62 1989-2013 Residential Price 10.19 8.87 9.52 9.06 10.68 12.47 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

84

Missouri Natural Gas Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

4.34 5.72 6.25 1989-2013 Residential Price 9.95 8.72 9.05 9.12 10.74 12.84 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

85

Kentucky Natural Gas Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

4.41 4.96 5.19 1989-2013 Residential Price 8.50 7.97 8.04 7.81 9.65 13.77 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 96.3 96.1 95.8 95.9 94.3 95.8...

86

Illinois Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4.42 5.23 4.70 1989-2013 Residential Price 7.52 6.99 6.93 7.31 8.93 12.51 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 88.7 88.4 87.3 87.5 84.9 83.4...

87

Alaska Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6.33 5.82 5.58 1989-2013 Residential Price 8.57 9.06 9.18 8.41 8.36 8.99 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

88

Hawaii Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

28.69 1989-2013 Residential Price 49.76 51.66 54.03 54.47 51.53 48.72 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

89

Kansas Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4.37 4.80 5.79 1989-2013 Residential Price 9.11 8.74 8.81 8.93 10.04 11.69 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

90

Pennsylvania Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6.27 7.58 1989-2013 Residential Price 10.66 10.48 10.37 10.55 11.24 13.80 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 87.8 87.7 87.6 87.3 86.5 86.3...

91

Colorado Natural Gas Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

4.43 4.71 5.65 1989-2013 Residential Price 7.00 6.79 7.05 7.22 7.61 8.89 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

92

Iowa Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5.16 4.79 5.12 1989-2013 Residential Price 8.21 8.01 8.18 8.26 8.75 10.18 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

93

Idaho Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3.81 4.05 4.10 1989-2013 Residential Price 7.92 7.97 7.99 8.35 8.29 8.72 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

94

Arizona Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4.57 4.58 1989-2013 Residential Price 15.00 11.07 11.84 12.36 16.52 17.72 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

95

Vermont Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7.20 7.16 1989-2013 Residential Price 15.21 14.73 14.78 15.10 15.61 17.74 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

96

Virginia Natural Gas Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

6.48 7.13 1989-2013 Residential Price 11.13 11.12 10.30 10.17 12.36 15.55 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 90.1 90.6 90.2 90.9 90.1 87.1...

97

Texas Natural Gas Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

5.06 5.22 1989-2013 Residential Price 10.45 7.75 8.51 8.72 10.66 12.16 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

98

Nebraska Natural Gas Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

4.70 5.00 5.21 1989-2013 Residential Price 8.10 7.33 7.29 7.37 7.83 9.11 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 85.9 87.0 87.2 89.1 88.3 87.3...

99

Tennessee Natural Gas Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

4.74 4.93 5.23 1989-2013 Residential Price 8.90 7.86 8.47 8.33 10.14 11.59 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

100

West Virginia Natural Gas Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

4.39 4.87 5.28 1989-2013 Residential Price 9.39 9.20 9.21 9.21 9.94 12.42 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1989-2013 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Indiana Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4.23 4.81 5.53 1989-2013 Residential Price 7.69 7.52 7.75 7.53 10.32 13.21 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 95.0 95.2 95.2 95.1 94.4 94.1...

102

Oregon Natural Gas Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

5.04 5.35 1989-2013 Residential Price 10.76 9.99 10.81 10.29 11.59 12.56 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

103

Connecticut Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5.88 7.48 1989-2013 Residential Price 13.09 13.07 12.76 12.10 11.25 13.54 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 96.7 96.9 97.5 97.3 96.9 96.3...

104

Wisconsin Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4.60 5.04 5.95 1989-2013 Residential Price 8.88 8.28 7.96 8.14 9.00 9.85 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

105

New Hampshire Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5.64 8.16 1989-2013 Residential Price 12.19 11.99 11.87 13.06 13.21 14.47 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

106

Wyoming Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4.45 4.43 4.67 1989-2013 Residential Price 7.52 7.02 7.28 7.37 7.46 8.22 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 75.7 73.5 73.3 75.4 74.8 71.8...

107

South Dakota Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4.86 4.65 5.22 1989-2013 Residential Price 7.69 7.47 7.66 7.92 8.03 9.11 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

108

Michigan Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5.15 4.74 4.99 1989-2013 Residential Price 8.87 8.66 8.75 8.56 9.26 11.63 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 92.0 91.9 91.7 91.9 90.7 90.1...

109

District of Columbia Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

438 NA 274 1989-2013 Commercial 2,205 2,075 1,027 808 NA 742 1989-2013 Industrial 0 0 0 0 0 0 2001-2013 Vehicle Fuel 78 86 83 86 83 86 2010-2013 Electric Power -- -- -- -- -- --...

110

North Dakota Natural Gas Consumption by End Use  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

190 1989-2013 Commercial 1,686 1,742 1,169 505 333 296 1989-2013 Industrial 2,188 2,780 2,052 2,444 NA NA 2001-2013 Vehicle Fuel 0 0 0 0 0 0 2010-2013 Electric Power -- -- W W W --...

111

Average Residential Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

10.44 12.61 14.97 16.30 16.44 15.65 1973-2013 10.44 12.61 14.97 16.30 16.44 15.65 1973-2013 Alabama 15.27 18.24 20.66 21.87 21.47 21.29 1989-2013 Alaska 8.36 9.00 9.52 9.84 9.27 9.03 1989-2013 Arizona 16.29 17.48 19.75 21.58 21.57 20.94 1989-2013 Arkansas 10.08 12.38 15.90 18.19 18.76 18.41 1989-2013 California 9.77 10.86 11.30 10.99 10.85 10.45 1989-2013 Colorado 7.60 8.87 11.52 13.66 14.01 12.33 1989-2013 Connecticut 11.25 13.54 15.45 17.99 18.88 17.93 1989-2013 Delaware 13.12 16.23 19.64 22.31 24.12 23.49 1989-2013 District of Columbia 13.06 15.06 16.32 17.69 NA NA 1989-2013 Florida 16.67 19.76 21.44 22.75 23.38 23.01 1989-2013 Georgia 14.55 17.77 23.42 24.98 25.10 25.61 1989-2013 Hawaii 51.53 48.72 46.54 48.35 47.10 45.86 1989-2013

112

7.2.6. What intervals contain a fixed percentage of the ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Comparisons based on data from one process 7.2.6. What intervals contain a fixed percentage of the population values? ...

2012-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

113

Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Oil Acquisition Report," July 1984 to present. 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity 50 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1996...

114

Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Oil Acquisition Report," July 1984 to present. 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity 50 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1997...

115

A Percentage of Possible Sunshine Forecasting Experiment at Albany, New York  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The results of two regression experiments to predict percentage of possible sunshine (PoPS) one day in advance at Albany, New York are described. For the one experiment, predictors are derived from Albany radiosonde observations, while the other ...

Alan M. Cope; Lance F. Bosart

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Natural Gas Marketed Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Wellhead Price Marketed Production Period: Monthly Annual Wellhead Price Marketed Production Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History U.S. 2,085,518 2,166,183 2,097,434 2,188,208 2,188,379 2,104,808 1973-2013 Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico 116,480 112,975 102,113 109,113 102,493 105,284 1997-2013 Alabama NA NA NA NA NA NA 1989-2013 Alaska 29,725 27,904 25,445 23,465 23,613 25,916 1989-2013 Arizona NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Arkansas NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 California NA NA NA NA NA NA 1989-2013 Colorado NA NA NA NA NA NA 1989-2013 Florida NA NA NA NA NA NA 1989-2013

117

Maine Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Prices (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet, except where noted) ... History; Citygate Price: 6.72: 8.18: 11.03: NA: NA: 7.19: 1989-2013: ...

118

Table 16. Recoverable Coal Reserves and Average Recovery Percentage at Producing Underground Coal Mines by State and Mining Method,  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Recoverable Coal Reserves and Average Recovery Percentage at Producing Underground Coal Mines by State and Mining Method, Recoverable Coal Reserves and Average Recovery Percentage at Producing Underground Coal Mines by State and Mining Method, 2012 (million short tons) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Coal Report 2012 Table 16. Recoverable Coal Reserves and Average Recovery Percentage at Producing Underground Coal Mines by State and Mining Method, 2012 (million short tons) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Coal Report 2012 Continuous 1 Conventional and Other 2 Longwall 3 Total Coal-Producing State Recoverable Coal Reserves at Producing Mines Average Recovery Percentage Recoverable Coal Reserves at Producing Mines Average Recovery Percentage Recoverable Coal Reserves at Producing Mines Average Recovery Percentage Recoverable Coal Reserves at Producing Mines Average Recovery Percentage

119

Virginia Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

10.34 9.79 11.62 14.97 NA 20.70 1989-2013 Commercial Average Price 8.35 8.21 9.11 9.52 9.96 10.36...

120

Maryland Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0.35 10.04 12.02 15.43 17.45 16.48 1989-2013 Commercial Average Price 9.03 9.30 10.67 11.84 12.79 NA...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1989-2013 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Revenue ruling 73-538: the service's assault on percentage depletion for ''D'' miners  

SciTech Connect

In this article, the author examines the Internal Revenue Service's ruling that storage and loading for shipment at the mine site are nonmining processes for ores and minerals described in section 613(c)(4)(D) of the Internal Revenue Code. He explains the tax consequences of the ruling and discusses the correctness of the position taken by the Internal Revenue Service in light of the relevant case law and the language and legislative history of the statute. The effect of the ruling is to reduce the percentage depletion deduction available to many miners of ores and minerals described in section 613(c)(4)(D), including miners of lead, zinc, copper, gold, silver, uranium, fluorspar, potash, soda ash, garnet and tungsten. (JMT)

Barnes, D.A.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Percentage of Positive Biopsy Cores: A Better Risk Stratification Model for Prostate Cancer?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To assess the prognostic value of the percentage of positive biopsy cores (PPC) and perineural invasion in predicting the clinical outcomes after radiotherapy (RT) for prostate cancer and to explore the possibilities to improve on existing risk-stratification models. Methods and Materials: Between 1993 and 2004, 1,056 patients with clinical Stage T1c-T3N0M0 prostate cancer, who had four or more biopsy cores sampled and complete biopsy core data available, were treated with external beam RT, with or without a high-dose-rate brachytherapy boost at William Beaumont Hospital. The median follow-up was 7.6 years. Multivariate Cox regression analysis was performed with PPC, Gleason score, pretreatment prostate-specific antigen, T stage, PNI, radiation dose, androgen deprivation, age, prostate-specific antigen frequency, and follow-up duration. A new risk stratification (PPC classification) was empirically devised to incorporate PPC and replace the T stage. Results: On multivariate Cox regression analysis, the PPC was an independent predictor of distant metastasis, cause-specific survival, and overall survival (all p 50% was associated with significantly greater distant metastasis (hazard ratio, 4.01; 95% confidence interval, 1.86-8.61), and its independent predictive value remained significant with or without androgen deprivation therapy (all p 50%) with National Comprehensive Cancer Network risk stratification demonstrated added prognostic value of distant metastasis for the intermediate-risk (hazard ratio, 5.44; 95% confidence interval, 1.78-16.6) and high-risk (hazard ratio, 4.39; 95% confidence interval, 1.70-11.3) groups, regardless of the use of androgen deprivation and high-dose RT (all p < .05). The proposed PPC classification appears to provide improved stratification of the clinical outcomes relative to the National Comprehensive Cancer Network classification. Conclusions: The PPC is an independent and powerful predictor of clinical outcomes of prostate cancer after RT. A risk model replacing T stage with the PPC to reduce subjectivity demonstrated potentially improved stratification.

Huang Jiayi; Vicini, Frank A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, MI (United States); Williams, Scott G. [Peter Maccallum Cancer Centre and University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria (Australia); Ye Hong; McGrath, Samuel; Ghilezan, Mihai; Krauss, Daniel; Martinez, Alvaro A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, MI (United States); Kestin, Larry L., E-mail: lkestin@comcast.net [Department of Radiation Oncology, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, MI (United States)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

123

Commercial Consumption of Natural Gas (Summary)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

478,097 427,588 392,853 246,851 167,899 135,974 1973-2013 Alabama 3,309 3,157 3,091 1,467 1,294 1,243 1989-2013 Alaska 2,303 NA 2,055 1,505 1,068 495 1989-2013 Arizona 4,632 3,909...

124

Rhode Island Natural Gas Consumption by End Use  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Commercial NA 1,695 1,177 433 NA 203 1989-2013 Industrial 792 738 NA NA NA NA 2001-2013 Vehicle Fuel 8 8 8 8 8 8 2010-2013 Electric Power 1,554 2,474 4,028 5,311 4,535 6,033...

125

South Dakota Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Prices (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Citygate 4.65 5.22 5.92 5.49 5.15 5.26 1989-2013 Residential 8.00 9.08 11.46 13.17 13.86 13.81 1989-2013 Commercial 6.38 6.76 7.55 8.06 7.62 7.69 1989-2013 Industrial 5.71 5.84 6.12 6.46 6.27 6.11 2001-2013 Electric Power 4.62 5.61 5.49 4.06 4.06 4.15 2002-2013 Production (Million Cubic Feet) Gross Withdrawals NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Oil Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 From Shale Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013 From Coalbed Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2006-2013 Repressuring NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013

126

U.S. Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View History Wellhead Price NA NA NA NA NA NA 1973-2013 Imports Price 3.95 3.90 3.41 3.17 3.48 3.44 1989-2013 By Pipeline 3.93 3.73 3.37 3.01 3.01 3.38 1997-2013 As Liquefied Natural Gas 4.51 8.65 4.59 7.42 9.96 5.79 1997-2013 Exports Price 4.38 4.22 3.94 3.75 3.88 3.88 1989-2013 By Pipeline 4.37 4.22 3.93 3.75 3.88 3.88 1997-2013 As Liquefied Natural Gas 12.84 13.38 12.89 13.25 13.53 13.09 1997-2013 Citygate Price 5.54 5.74 5.53 5.23 5.20 4.88 1973-2013 Residential Price 12.61 14.97 16.30 16.44 15.69 12.48 1973-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 95.2 94.9 94.9 94.8 94.9 95.2 2002-2013 Commercial Price 8.75 9.09 8.99 9.07 8.80 8.34 1973-2013

127

Formulation, Pretreatment, and Densification Options to Improve Biomass Specifications for Co-Firing High Percentages with Coal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is a growing interest internationally to use more biomass for power generation, given the potential for significant environmental benefits and long-term fuel sustainability. However, the use of biomass alone for power generation is subject to serious challenges, such as feedstock supply reliability, quality, and stability, as well as comparative cost, except in situations in which biomass is locally sourced. In most countries, only a limited biomass supply infrastructure exists. Alternatively, co-firing biomass alongwith coal offers several advantages; these include reducing challenges related to biomass quality, buffering the system against insufficient feedstock quantity, and mitigating the costs of adapting existing coal power plants to feed biomass exclusively. There are some technical constraints, such as low heating values, low bulk density, and grindability or size-reduction challenges, as well as higher moisture, volatiles, and ash content, which limit the co-firing ratios in direct and indirect co-firing. To achieve successful co-firing of biomass with coal, biomass feedstock specifications must be established to direct pretreatment options in order to modify biomass materials into a format that is more compatible with coal co-firing. The impacts on particle transport systems, flame stability, pollutant formation, and boiler-tube fouling/corrosion must also be minimized by setting feedstock specifications, which may include developing new feedstock composition by formulation or blending. Some of the issues, like feeding, co-milling, and fouling, can be overcome by pretreatment methods including washing/leaching, steam explosion, hydrothermal carbonization, and torrefaction, and densification methods such as pelletizing and briquetting. Integrating formulation, pretreatment, and densification will help to overcome issues related to physical and chemical composition, storage, and logistics to successfully co-fire higher percentages of biomass ( > 40%) with coal.

Jaya Shankar Tumuluru; J Richard Hess; Richard D. Boardman; Shahab Sokhansanj; Christopher T. Wright; Tyler L. Westover

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Connecticut Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

15.45 18.00 18.88 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 97.3 96.9 96.3 96.3 96.6 96.4 2002-2013 Commercial Price 8.24 7.71 8.57 8.59 8.19 8.51...

129

New Hampshire Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

16.46 20.05 21.18 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 11.98 11.87 12.41 13.32...

130

Hawaii Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

46.54 48.35 47.10 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 47.66 44.78 42.04 39.71...

131

Delaware Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

19.64 22.31 24.12 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 11.25 11.64 12.74 13.72...

132

Mississippi Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

12.49 13.53 13.60 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 7.34 7.44 7.87 7.47...

133

Colorado Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

11.54 13.68 14.03 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 6.84 7.09 7.64 8.62...

134

Minnesota Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

12.08 12.85 12.88 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 6.48 6.85 7.51 8.17...

135

Tennessee Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

15.65 16.46 16.57 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 7.65 8.53 8.98 9.96...

136

Arizona Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

20.01 21.87 21.86 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 8.39 8.95 8.93 8.99...

137

Vermont Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

20.00 22.97 23.69 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 11.53 11.62 11.68 11.97...

138

South Carolina Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

24.33 25.14 24.68 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 8.16 8.90 9.38 9.47...

139

Nevada Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

12.16 13.22 14.39 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 6.04 6.38 6.56 6.78...

140

North Dakota Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

12.65 15.56 15.35 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 6.03 6.19 7.33 8.10...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1989-2013 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Wyoming Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

11.57 15.79 16.92 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 75.4 74.8 71.8 72.7 74.9 73.8 2002-2013 Commercial Price 6.21 6.04 6.43 7.28 8.31 7.91...

142

New York Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

18.40 18.73 19.25 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 8.32 8.27 8.38 7.91...

143

Alaska Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8.99 9.52 9.84 9.27 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 8.45 8.33 8.58 8.79...

144

Montana Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

10.34 11.67 11.86 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 99.8 99.7 99.8 99.8 99.7 99.6 2002-2013 Commercial Price 7.80 8.02 9.09 9.79 10.05...

145

Louisiana Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

14.64 15.42 15.67 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 8.18 8.87 9.19 9.28...

146

Michigan Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

12.68 13.68 13.95 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 91.9 90.7 90.1 92.4 91.3 91.7 2002-2013 Commercial Price 7.51 7.84 8.78 9.69 10.30...

147

Iowa Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

13.07 14.86 16.01 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 6.84 6.66 7.31 8.29...

148

West Virginia Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

15.86 18.84 18.12 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 8.18 8.59 9.93 10.43...

149

Pennsylvania Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

16.87 19.85 20.26 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 87.3 86.5 86.3 87.2 87.5 87.5 2002-2013 Commercial Price 9.87 10.27 11.46 12.38 12.89...

150

Georgia Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

22.67 24.86 24.96 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 8.32 9.36 10.21 10.86...

151

Arkansas Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

15.84 18.12 18.68 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 7.08 7.57 8.27 8.80...

152

Washington Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

13.35 14.56 14.97 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 9.11 8.45 10.98 9.67...

153

New Mexico Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

13.98 15.35 15.30 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 6.24 6.45 7.09 7.87...

154

Alabama Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

20.84 22.06 21.66 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 11.93 12.48 13.39 13.73...

155

Idaho Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8.72 8.92 9.30 9.69 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 7.36 7.44 7.58 7.41...

156

Maine Natural Gas Consumption by End Use  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1,025 NA NA 411 290 288 1989-2013 Industrial 2,477 2,442 1,948 2,155 2,111 2,221 2001-2013 Vehicle Fuel 0 0 0 0 0 0 2010-2013 Electric Power 1,270 1,779 1,657 1,383 1,775 2,18...

157

Test Anxiety is a psychological condition experienced by a very small percentage of individuals. Test Anxiety should be confirmed by a licensed counselor.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

·Test Anxiety is a psychological condition experienced by a very small percentage of individuals. Test Anxiety should be confirmed by a licensed counselor. ·Test Worry is the culmination of real or perceived pressure and expectations from yourself or others. Test Worry is often the result of varying

Lawrence, Rick L.

158

Study on the Effect of Energy Parameter of Electron on the Percentage Depth Dose of Electron Beam Using Monte Carlo Method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In medical linear accelerator, the energy parameter of electron plays important role to produce electron beam. The percentage depth dose of electron beams takes account not only on the value of electron's energy, but also on the type of electron's energy. The aims of this work are to carry on the effect of energy parameter of electron on the percentage depth dose of electron beam. Monte Carlo method is chosen in this project, due to the superior of this method for simulating the random process such as the transport particle in matter. The DOSXYZnrc usercode was used to simulate the electron transport in water phantom. Two aspects of electron's energy parameter were investigated using Monte Carlo simulations. In the first aspect, electron energy's value was varied also its spectrum. In the second aspect, the geometry of electron's energy was taken account on. The parallel beam and the point source were chosen as the geometry of The measurements of percentage depth dose were conducted to compare with its simulation. The ionization chamber was used in these measurements. Presentation of the results of this work is given not only based on the shape of the percentage depth dose from the simulation and measurement, but also on the other aspect in its curve. The result of comparison between the simulation and its measurement shows that the shape of its curve depends on the energy value of electron and the type of its energy. The energy value of electron affected the depth maximum of dose.

Haryanto, Freddy [Department of Physics, Institut Teknologi Bandung (Indonesia)

2010-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

159

Percentage of Cancer Volume in Biopsy Cores Is Prognostic for Prostate Cancer Death and Overall Survival in Patients Treated With Dose-Escalated External Beam Radiotherapy  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To investigate the prognostic utility of the percentage of cancer volume (PCV) in needle biopsy specimens for prostate cancer patients treated with dose-escalated external beam radiotherapy. Methods and Materials: The outcomes were analyzed for 599 men treated for localized prostate cancer with external beam radiotherapy to a minimal planning target volume dose of 75 Gy (range, 75-79.2). We assessed the effect of PCV and the pretreatment and treatment-related factors on the freedom from biochemical failure, freedom from metastasis, cause-specific survival, and overall survival. Results: The median number of biopsy cores was 7 (interquartile range, 6-12), median PCV was 10% (interquartile range, 2.5-25%), and median follow-up was 62 months. The PCV correlated with the National Comprehensive Cancer Network risk group and individual risk features, including T stage, prostate-specific antigen level, Gleason score, and percentage of positive biopsy cores. On log-rank analysis, the PCV stratified by quartile was prognostic for all endpoints, including overall survival. In addition, the PCV was a stronger prognostic factor than the percentage of positive biopsy cores when the two metrics were analyzed together. On multivariate analysis, the PCV predicted a worse outcome for all endpoints, including freedom from biochemical failure, (hazard ratio, 1.9; p = .0035), freedom from metastasis (hazard ratio, 1.7, p = .09), cause-specific survival (hazard ratio, 3.9, p = .014), and overall survival (hazard ratio, 1.8, p = .02). Conclusions: For patients treated with dose-escalated external beam radiotherapy, the volume of cancer in the biopsy specimen adds prognostic value for clinically relevant endpoints, particularly in intermediate- and high-risk patients. Although the PCV determination is more arduous than the percentage of positive biopsy cores, it provides superior risk stratification.

Vance, Sean M.; Stenmark, Matthew H.; Blas, Kevin; Halverson, Schulyer [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Hamstra, Daniel A., E-mail: dhamm@umich.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Feng, Felix Y. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

A numerical approach to evaluating what percentage of a living space is well-ventilated, for the assessment of thermal comfort  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A bioclimatic approach to designing comfortable buildings in hot and humid tropical regions requires, firstly, some preliminary, important work on the building envelope to limit the energy contributions, and secondly, an airflow optimization of the building. For the first step, tools such as nodal or zonal models have been largely implemented. For the second step, the assessment of air velocities, in three dimensions and in a large space, can only be performed through the use of detailed models such as with CFD. This paper deals with the improvement of thermal comfort by ventilating around the occupants. For this purpose, the average velocity coefficient definition is modified to be adapted to CFD and the areas involving movement or the living spaces. We propose a new approach based on the derivation of a new quantity: the well-ventilated percentage of a living space. The well-ventilated percentage of a space allows a time analysis of the aeraulic behaviour of the building in its environment. These percentages can be over a period such as one day, a season or a year. These kinds of results are helpful for an architect to configure the rooms of a house according to their uses, the environment, the architectural choices and the constraints related to the design of bioclimatic buildings.

Alain Bastide; Alfred Jean Philippe Lauret; Franois Garde; Harry Boyer

2012-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1989-2013 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Connecticut Natural Gas Consumption by End Use  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

NA 5,548 3,562 2,093 1,925 1,989 1989-2013 Industrial NA NA NA 2,170 1,910 2,045 2001-2013 Vehicle Fuel 4 4 4 4 4 4 2010-2013 Electric Power 8,519 9,143 8,518 9,607 8,698 11,622...

162

Linear Correlation Between Patient Survival and Decreased Percentage of Tumor [{sup 18}F]Fluorodeoxyglucose Uptake for Late-Course Accelerated Hyperfractionated Radiotherapy for Esophageal Cancer  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The aims of this trial were to study whether a decreased percentage of tumor fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake (%DeltaSUVmax) correlated with overall survival and local control times for patients with esophageal cancer and which patients would benefit from a late-course accelerated hyperfractionated (LCHF) radiation scheme. Methods and Materials: A total of 50 eligible patients with squamous esophageal cancer received positron-emission tomography examinations three times and were treated with the LCHF radiation scheme, with a dose of 68.4 Gy/41 fractions in 6.5 weeks. A %DeltaSUVmax value was calculated, and patients were stratified as highly radiosensitive (HR), moderately radiosensitive (MR), and low radiosensitivity (LR) according to %DeltaSUVmax values in the conventional fraction (CF) scheme. Then, a linear correlation was calculated between patients' survival time and %DeltaSUVmax. Local control and overall survival rates were compared after stratification. Results: In the MR subgroup, there was no linear correlation between %DeltaSUVmax and the CF and LCHF schemes (correlation coefficient, R < 0.4; p > 0.05). In the other subgroups (HR and LR), %DeltaSUVmax values between the CF and LCHF schemes were correlated. Also, in the HR and LR subgroups, %DeltaSUVmax after radiation correlated with overall survival or local control rates (correlation coefficient, R >0.5, and p < 0.05). Three-year local control rates in the HR, MR, and LR subgroups were 100%, 81.5%, and 0%, respectively (p < 0.001). Also, 3-year overall survival rates were 92.4%, 58.8%, and 0% for HR, MR, and LR subgroups, respectively (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Postradiation %DeltaSUVmax was positively correlated with survival time for patients' with esophageal cancer. Patients who benefited from LCHF schedules were those with a decrease of 30% to 60% in tumor FDG uptake after the completion of CF radiation.

Ma Jinbo; Song Yipeng [Department of Oncology, Shandong University School of Medicine, Shandong Province (China); Department of Radiation Oncology, Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital, School of Medicine, Qingdao University, Yantai (China); Yu Jinming, E-mail: yujmwin@yahoo.cn [Department of Oncology, Shandong University School of Medicine, Shandong Province (China); Department of Radiation Oncology, Shandong Cancer Hospital and Institute, Shandong Province (China); Zhou Wei [Department of Oncology, Shandong University School of Medicine, Shandong Province (China); Cheng Ercheng [Department of Radiation Oncology, Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital, School of Medicine, Qingdao University, Yantai (China); Zhang Xiqin [Department of Radiation Oncology, Shandong Cancer Hospital and Institute, Shandong Province (China)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

163

Challenges for Na-ion Negative Electrodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Na-ion batteries have been proposed as candidates for replacing Li-ion batteries. In this paper we examine the viability of Na-ion negative electrode materials based on Na alloys or hard carbons in terms of volumetric ...

Chevrier, V. L.

164

NA-54 IPR Production | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NA-54 IPR Production NA-54 IPR Production NA-54 IPR Production More Documents & Publications Accelerating Clean-up at Savannah River DOE EIR FM.doc Project Annex for IPR...

165

Results from NA61/SHINE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we summarize recent results from NA61/SHINE relevant for heavy ion physics, neutrino oscillations and the interpretation of air showers induced by ultra-high energy cosmic rays.

Unger, M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Kentucky Natural Gas Consumption by End Use  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5,238 2,181 1,275 1,115 NA 1989-2013 Industrial 10,024 10,520 9,243 8,662 8,083 7,801 2001-2013 Vehicle Fuel 0 0 0 0 0 0 2010-2013 Electric Power 837 2,060 1,486 1,717 950 2,873...

167

Deliquescence of NaCl-NaNO3 and KNO3-NaNO3 Salt Mixtures at 90C  

SciTech Connect

We conducted reversed deliquescence experiments in saturated NaCl-NaNO3-H2O and KNO{sub 3}-NaNO{sub 3}-H{sub 2}O systems at 90 C to determine relative humidity and solution composition. NaCl, NaNO{sub 3}, and KNO{sub 3} represent members of dust salt assemblages that are likely to deliquesce and form concentrated brines on high-level radioactive waste package surfaces in a repository environment at Yucca Mountain, NV, USA. Model predictions agree with experimental results for the NaCl-NaNO{sub 3}-H{sub 2}O system, but underestimate relative humidity by as much as 8% and solution composition by as much as 50% in the KNO{sub 3}-NaNO{sub 3}-H{sub 2}O system.

Carroll, S; Craig, L; Wolery, T

2003-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

168

New Improved Equations For Na-K, Na-Li And Sio2 Geothermometers...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Improved Equations For Na-K, Na-Li And Sio2 Geothermometers By Outlier Detection And Rejection Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: New...

169

Investigation of Ti-doped NaAlH4 by solid-state NMR  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In recent years, the development of Ti-doped NaAlH{sub 4} as a hydrogen storage material has gained attention because of its large weight percentage of hydrogen ({approx}5%) compared to traditional interstitial hydrides. The addition of transition-metal dopants, in the form of Ti-halides, such as TiCl{sub 3}, dramatically improves the kinetics of the absorption and desorption of hydrogen from NaAlH{sub 4}. However, the role that Ti plays in enhancing the absorption and desorption of H{sub 2} is still unknown. In the present study, {sup 27}Al, {sup 23}Na, and {sup 1}H MAS (Magic Angle Spinning) NMR (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance) has been performed to understand the titanium speciation in Ti-doped NaAlH{sub 4}. All experiments were performed on a sample of crushed single crystals exposed to Ti during growth, a sample of solvent-mixed 4TiCl{sub 3} + 112NaAlH{sub 4}, a reacted sample of solvent-mixed TiCl{sub 3} + {sup 3}NaAlH{sub 4} with THF, and a reacted sample of ball-milled TiCl3 + 3NaAlH{sub 4}. The {sup 27}Al MAS NMR has shown differences in compound formation between solvent-mixed TiCl{sub 3} + 3NaAlH{sub 4} with THF and the mechanically ball-milled TiCl{sub 3} + 3NaAlH{sub 4}. {sup 27}Al MAS NMR of the mechanically ball-milled mixture of fully-reacted TiCl{sub 3} + 3NaAlH{sub 4} showed spectral signatures of TiAl{sub 3} while, the solvent-mixed 4TiCl{sub 3} + 112NaAlH{sub 4}, which is totally reacted, does not show the presences of TiAl{sub 3}, but shows the existence of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}.

Maxwell, R; Majzoub, E; Herberg, J

2003-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

170

Defective graphene as promising anode material for Na-ion battery and Ca-ion battery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have investigated adsorption of Na and Ca on graphene with divacancy (DV) and Stone-Wales (SW) defect. Our results show that adsorption is not possible on pristine graphene. However, their adsorption on defective sheet is energetically favorable. The enhanced adsorption can be attributed to the increased charge transfer between adatoms and underlying defective sheet. With the increase in defect density until certain possible limit, maximum percentage of adsorption also increases giving higher battery capacity. For maximum possible DV defect, we can achieve maximum capacity of 1459 mAh/g for Na-ion batteries (NIBs) and 2900 mAh/g for Ca-ion batteries (CIBs). For graphene full of SW defect, we find the maximum capacity of NIBs and CIBs is around 1071 mAh/g and 2142 mAh/g respectively. Our results will help create better anode materials with much higher capacity and better cycling performance for NIBs and CIBs.

Datta, Dibakar; Shenoy, Vivek B

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

The Dow Chemical Company - NA System House ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Dow Chemical Company - NA System House - Wilmington. NVLAP Lab Code: 100210-0. Address and Contact Information: ...

2013-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

172

Iowa Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4.79 5.12 5.57 4.93 4.84 4.93 1989-2013 4.79 5.12 5.57 4.93 4.84 4.93 1989-2013 Residential 8.74 10.17 13.06 14.85 16.00 NA 1989-2013 Commercial 6.66 7.31 8.29 7.93 8.02 NA 1989-2013 Industrial 5.00 5.14 5.17 4.65 4.64 4.79 2001-2013 Electric Power 6.10 4.82 4.44 4.12 3.99 4.38 2002-2013 Underground Storage (Million Cubic Feet) Total Capacity 288,210 288,210 288,210 288,210 288,210 288,210 2002-2013 Gas in Storage 209,512 215,593 221,664 230,749 245,317 261,998 1990-2013 Base Gas 197,897 197,897 197,897 197,897 197,897 197,897 1990-2013 Working Gas 11,615 17,696 23,768 32,853 47,421 64,102 1990-2013 Injections 228 6,604 6,409 9,737 15,463 16,682 1990-2013 Withdrawals 1,655 523 337 651 895 1 1990-2013 Net Withdrawals 1,427 -6,081 -6,072 -9,085 -14,568 -16,681 1990-2013

173

Aquecimento Global e Mudana Climtica na Amaznia:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

73 a 292. 1 Aquecimento Global e Mudana Climtica na Amaznia: Retroalimentao Clima-Vegetao e Impactos nos Recursos Hdricos Jos Marengo, 1 Carlos A. Nobre, 1...

174

New Improved Equations For Na-K, Na-Li And Sio2 Geothermometers By Outlier  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Improved Equations For Na-K, Na-Li And Sio2 Geothermometers By Outlier Improved Equations For Na-K, Na-Li And Sio2 Geothermometers By Outlier Detection And Rejection Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: New Improved Equations For Na-K, Na-Li And Sio2 Geothermometers By Outlier Detection And Rejection Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: We present new improved equations for three still widely used Na/K, Na/Li and SiO2 geothermometers (obtained by statistical treatment of the data and application of outlier detection and rejection as well as theory of error propagation) and compare them with those by Fournier and others. New equations are also developed for estimating errors associated with the use of these new geothermometric equations and comparing them with the performance of the original equations. The errors in the use of the new

175

2012 Annual Workforce Analysis and Staffing Plan Report - NNSA NA-00 and NA-10  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Last printed 1/24/2013 10:50:00 AM Page 1 of 12 Last printed 1/24/2013 10:50:00 AM Page 1 of 12 Part 1. NA-00/NA-10/NA-15 Input Annual Workforce Analysis and Staffing Plan Report As of December 31, 2012 Reporting Offices: NNSA NA-10 HQ (including NA-15 inputs) and NA-00 (while transitioning to new organizational structure) Section One: Current Mission(s) of the Organization and Potential Changes NNSA Mission: To strengthen United States security through the military application of nuclear energy. NNSA Vision: To be an integrated nuclear security enterprise operating an efficient and agile nuclear weapons complex, recognized as preeminent in technical leadership and program management. Organizational Changes: NNSA is in the final phase of another re-organization that will split NA- 10 and establish an independent office, NA-00, to oversee the NNSA sites and other non-weapons-

176

Workforce Statistics - NA 70 | National Nuclear Security Administratio...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Blog Workforce Statistics - NA 70 Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA 70...

177

Workforce Statistics - NA MB | National Nuclear Security Administratio...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Blog Workforce Statistics - NA MB Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA MB...

178

Workforce Statistics - NA 20 | National Nuclear Security Administratio...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Blog Workforce Statistics - NA 20 Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA 20...

179

Workforce Statistics - NA 10 | National Nuclear Security Administratio...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Blog Workforce Statistics - NA 10 Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA 10...

180

Workforce Statistics - NA EA | National Nuclear Security Administratio...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Blog Workforce Statistics - NA EA Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA EA...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1989-2013 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Workforce Statistics - NA-30 | National Nuclear Security Administratio...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Blog Workforce Statistics - NA-30 Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA-30...

182

Workforce Statistics - NA 40 | National Nuclear Security Administratio...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Blog Workforce Statistics - NA 40 Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA 40...

183

Workforce Statistics - NA GC | National Nuclear Security Administratio...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Blog Workforce Statistics - NA GC Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA GC...

184

Workforce Statistics - NA 1 | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Blog Workforce Statistics - NA 1 Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA 1...

185

Workforce Statistics - NA APM | National Nuclear Security Administrati...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Blog Workforce Statistics - NA APM Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA APM...

186

Workforce Statistics - NA SH | National Nuclear Security Administratio...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Blog Workforce Statistics - NA SH Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA SH...

187

Workforce Statistics - NA 80 | National Nuclear Security Administratio...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Blog Workforce Statistics - NA 80 Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA 80...

188

Workforce Statistics - NA IM | National Nuclear Security Administratio...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Blog Workforce Statistics - NA IM Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA IM...

189

Development of Low-Temperature Molten Na Batteries with ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Our novel battery system operates at temperatures near the melting point of Na metal, and employs a NaSICON ceramic primary electrolyte separator.

190

Transepithelial transport in cell culture: Stoichiometry of Na/phlorizin ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Membrane Biology. Transepithelial Transport in Cell Culture: Stoiehiometry of Na /Phlorizin Binding and Na/D-Glueose Cotransport. A Two-Step, Two-Sodium...

191

Deliquescence of NaCl-NaNO3, KNO3-NaNO3, and NaCl-KNO3 Salt Mixtures From 90 to 120?C  

SciTech Connect

We conducted reversed deliquescence experiments in saturated NaCl-NaNO{sub 3}-H{sub 2}O, KNO{sub 3}-NaNO{sub 3}-H{sub 2}O, and NaCl-KNO{sub 3}-H{sub 2}O systems from 90 to 120 C as a function of relative humidity and solution composition. NaCl, NaNO{sub 3}, and KNO{sub 3} represent members of dust salt assemblages that are likely to deliquesce and form concentrated brines on high-level radioactive waste package surfaces in a repository environment at Yucca Mountain, NV, USA. Discrepancy between model prediction and experimental code can be as high as 8% for relative humidity and 50% for dissolved ion concentration. The discrepancy is attributed primarily to the use of 25 C models for Cl-NO{sub 3} and K-NO{sub 3} ion interactions in the current Yucca Mountain Project high-temperature Pitzer model to describe the non-ideal behavior of these highly concentrated solutions.

Carroll, S A; Craig, L; Wolery, T J

2004-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

192

The effect of Na{sup +} impurities on the conductivity and water uptake of nafion 115 polymer electrolyte fuel cell membranes.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Water uptake and ionic conductivities are reported for Nafion 115 membranes as functions of water activity and percentage of sulfonic groups occupied by sodium impurities. Water content was determined gravimetrically under liquid hydration and at 100, 75.3, and 11.3% relative humidity (RH). Water content exponentially decreased from the H{sup +}-form membrane water uptake isotherm to the Na{sup +}-form isotherm when hydrated by water vapor. Ninety percent of this decrease is reached at a substitution level of 0.2Na{sup +}/SO{sub 3}{sup -}. Water uptake under liquid water hydration decreased more gradually, only 50% to completion at 0.2Na{sup +}/SO{sub 3}{sup -}. Four-probe conductivity testing of Nafion 115 membranes, normalized against dry dimensions, revealed that although hydration decreases immediately with the introduction of sodium impurities, ionic conductivity at 100% RH remains constant up to 0.15Na{sup +}/SO{sub 3}{sup -}. Above 0.15Na{sup +}/SO{sub 3}{sup -} an exponential decrease in ionic conductivity is observed with higher sodium content. The dependence of ionic conductivity on water content is also reported for sodium contents of 0, 0.27, 0.62 and 1Na{sup +}/SO{sub 3}{sup -}.

Bendert, J. C.; Papadias, D. D.; Myers, D. J.; Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division

2010-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

193

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Na-ion Intercalation Electrodes for Na...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CAES Pumped Hydro Power Stationary 1 kW 100 kW 10 MW 1 GW 10 kW 1 MW 100 MW Li Ion Battery NaS, Na metal halide Vehicle Energy Density and Cost Lifetime and Capital Cost PHEV...

194

Anodic dissolution characteristics and electrochemical migration lifetimes of Sn solder in NaCl and Na2SO4 solutions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In situ water drop tests and anodic polarization tests of pure Sn solder were carried out in deaerated 0.001% NaCl and Na"2SO"4 solutions to determine the correlation between anodic dissolution characteristics and the electrochemical migration lifetime. ... Keywords: Anodic dissolution, Electrochemical migration, Life time, Na2SO4, NaCl, Sn solder

Ja-Young Jung; Shin-Bok Lee; Young-Chang Joo; Ho-Young Lee; Young-Bae Park

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Word Pro - S9.lwp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 1 Table 9.10 Natural Gas Prices (Dollars a per Thousand Cubic Feet) Wellhead Price f City- gate Price g Consuming Sectors b Residential Commercial c Industrial d Transportation Electric Power e Price h Percentage of Sector i Price h Percentage of Sector i Price h Percentage of Sector i Vehicle Fuel j Price h Price h Percentage of Sector i,k 1950 Average .................... 0.07 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1955 Average .................... .10 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1960 Average .................... .14 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1965 Average .................... .16 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1970 Average .................... .17 NA 1.09 NA .77 NA .37 NA NA .29 NA 1975 Average .................... .44 NA 1.71 NA 1.35 NA .96 NA NA .77 96.1 1980 Average ....................

196

2011 Annual Planning Summary for Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation (NA-20)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The ongoing and projected Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Statements for 2011 and 2012 within Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation (NA-20).

197

Advanced Intermediate-Temperature Na-S Battery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, we reported an intermediate-temperature (~150C) sodium-sulfur (Na-S) battery. With a reduced operating temperature, this novel battery can potentially reduce the cost and safety issues associated with the conventional high-temperature (300~350C) Na-S battery. A dense ?"-Al2O3 solid membrane and tetraglyme were utilized as the electrolyte separator and catholyte solvent in this battery. Solubility tests indicated that cathode mixture of Na2S4 and S exhibited extremely high solubility in tetraglyme (e.g., > 4.1 M for Na2S4 + 4 S). CV scans of Na2S4 in tetraglyme revealed two pairs of redox couples with peaks at around 2.22 and 1.75 V, corresponding to the redox reactions of polysulfide species. The discharge/charge profiles of the Na-S battery showed a slope region and a plateau, indicating multiple steps and cell reactions. In-situ Raman measurements during battery operation suggested that polysulfide species were formed in the sequence of Na2S5 + S ? Na2S5 + Na2S4? Na2S4 + Na2S2 during discharge and in a reverse order during charge. This battery showed dramatic improvement in rate capacity and cycling stability over room-temperature Na-S batteries, which makes it attractive for renewable energy integration and other grid related applications.

Lu, Xiaochuan; Kirby, Brent W.; Xu, Wu; Li, Guosheng; Kim, Jin Yong; Lemmon, John P.; Sprenkle, Vincent L.; Yang, Zhenguo (Gary)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Workforce Statistics - NA-30 | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

NA-30 | National Nuclear Security Administration NA-30 | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Workforce Statistics - NA-30 Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA-30 Workforce Statistics - NA-30 Workforce Statistics - Naval Reactors

199

Workforce Statistics - NA 1 | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

| National Nuclear Security Administration | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Workforce Statistics - NA 1 Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA 1 Workforce Statistics - NA 1 NA 1 FY12 NA 1 Semi Annual Report

200

Classes sociais e estilos de vida na sociedade brasileira.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??O objetivo principal deste trabalho investigar a formao das classes sociais na sociedade brasileira como possveis coletividades que balizam a sociabilidade cotidiana e configuram (more)

Edison Ricardo Emiliano Bertoncelo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1989-2013 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Workforce Statistics - NA 1 | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Workforce Statistics - NA 1 Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights >...

202

Michigan Natural Gas Percentage Total Industrial Deliveries (Percent)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; 1990's: 3.91: 4.01: 3.81: 3.91: 2.86: 2.59: 2.96: 2000's: 2.91: 3.05: 3.15: 2.98: 2.91 ...

203

Achieving uniform distribution and dispersion of high percentage ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, 2014 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium , Light-metal Matrix (Nano)-composites. Presentation Title, Achieving uniform...

204

Percentage of Total Natural Gas Commercial Deliveries included in Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

80.4 79.7 77.8 77.5 67.3 65.2 1987-2012 80.4 79.7 77.8 77.5 67.3 65.2 1987-2012 Alabama 79.8 80.2 78.8 79.3 78.9 76.2 1990-2012 Alaska 76.0 74.9 85.3 87.7 88.6 94.9 1990-2012 Arizona 93.4 93.1 88.0 88.7 87.8 86.6 1990-2012 Arkansas 70.4 64.5 59.4 55.6 51.5 40.2 1990-2012 California 60.7 56.7 54.9 54.1 54.3 50.0 1990-2012 Colorado 95.7 95.2 94.8 94.6 93.8 92.2 1990-2012 Connecticut 71.5 70.7 69.0 65.4 65.4 65.1 1990-2012 Delaware 74.8 70.6 53.5 49.8 53.4 43.7 1990-2012 District of Columbia 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 16.9 17.9 1990-2012 Florida 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 38.5 37.0 1990-2012 Georgia 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1990-2012 Hawaii 100 100 100 100 100 100 1990-2012 Idaho 84.8 86.0 83.7 82.0 80.8 77.0 1990-2012 Illinois

205

Issues and Methods for Estimating the Percentage Share of Ethanol ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Together, these vehicles are estimated to account for ... Many interested parties, including auto manufacturers, ethanol producers, petroleum refiners, and

206

Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History 20.0 or Less 11.72 13.22 14.08 15.13 17.20 16.66 1978-2012 20.1 to 25.0 23.12 23.50 26.11 26.01 27.47 29.77 1978-2012 25.1 to...

207

Percentage of Total Natural Gas Residential Deliveries included...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

98.0 97.5 97.4 97.4 96.2 95.8 1989-2012 Alabama 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Alaska 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Arizona 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

208

Figure SR2. Net Imports as Percentage of Domestic Consumption ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Figure SR2 of the U.S. Natural Gas Imports & Exports: 2009. This report provides an overview of U.S. international natural gas trade in 2009. Natural gas import and ...

209

Workforce Statistics - NA 20 | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

20 | National Nuclear Security Administration 20 | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Workforce Statistics - NA 20 Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA 20 Workforce Statistics - NA 20 NA 20 FY12 NA 20 Semi Annual Report

210

Workforce Statistics - NA 40 | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

40 | National Nuclear Security Administration 40 | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Workforce Statistics - NA 40 Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA 40 Workforce Statistics - NA 40 NA40 FY12 NA 40 Semi Annual Report

211

Workforce Statistics - NA 10 | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

0 | National Nuclear Security Administration 0 | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Workforce Statistics - NA 10 Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA 10 Workforce Statistics - NA 10 NA 10 FY12 NA 10 Semi Annual Report

212

EUV microexposures at the ALS using the 0.3-NA MET projection optics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

micro-exposure capabilities at the ALS using the 0.3-NA METEUV Microexposures at the ALS using the 0.3-NA MET Optic,microexposures at the ALS using the 0.3-NA MET projection

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Analysis of NaOH releases for Hanford tank farms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The information contained in the canceled document is now located in the document: Consequence Analysis of a NaOH Solution Spray Release During Addition to Waste Tank, WHC-SD-WM-CN-065.

Ryan, G.W., Westinghouse Hanford

1996-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

214

Status and plans of the NA61/SHINE physics program  

SciTech Connect

One of the NA61/SHINE experiment's goals is to discover the critical point of strongly interacting matter and study the properties of the onset of deconfinement. This is to be achieved by performing a two-dimensional phase diagram (T- Micro-Sign {sub B}) scan-measuring hadron production in collisions of various beam particles and targets at various beam energies. NA61/SHINE also collects data for the T2K experiment, which are just about to be published.

Czopowicz, T., E-mail: Tobiasz.Roman.Czopowicz@cern.ch [Warsaw University of Technology, Faculty of Physics (Poland)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

215

Office of Civil Rights, NNSA, NA 1.2, Albuquerque Complex  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

http:hq.na.govocr Fiscal Year 2011 Year-End Workforce Diversity Assistant Deputy Administrator for Secure Transportation NA-15 OCR Functions: Technical advisory services...

216

Sodium Sulfur (NaS) Battery Research in Korea: Part II ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, The activities of sodium sulfur (NaS) battery research in Korea ... The presentation was focused on the development of tubular NaS batteries...

217

Comparative studies of etching mechanisms of CR-39 in NaOH/H2O and NaOH/ethanol  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of scission of the carbonate ester bond in CR-39 by the hydroxide ion through basic hydro- lysis of ester-39 detectors during etching in NaOH/ethanol has also shown that sodium car- bonate is present

Yu, K.N.

218

" East North Central",9.3,"NA",10.1,10.7,11.6,11.85822  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"NA",10,10.1,10.9,11.43527 "Urban Status" " Urban ",9.4,"NA",10.3,10.7,11.4,11.68803 " Rural ",9.3,"NA",10.1,10.4,11.6,12.8337 "Household Size" " 1 Person ",8.7,"NA",9.2,9,10.1,9....

219

U.S. Natural Gas Summary  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View History Prices (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Wellhead NA NA NA NA NA NA 1973-2013 Imports 3.95 3.90 3.41 3.17 3.48 3.44 1989-2013 By Pipeline 3.93 3.73 3.37 3.01 3.01 3.38 1997-2013 As Liquefied Natural Gas 4.51 8.65 4.59 7.42 9.96 5.79 1997-2013 Exports 4.38 4.22 3.94 3.75 3.88 3.88 1989-2013 By Pipeline 4.37 4.22 3.93 3.75 3.88 3.88 1997-2013 As Liquefied Natural Gas 12.84 13.38 12.89 13.25 13.53 13.09 1997-2013 Citygate 5.54 5.74 5.53 5.23 5.20 4.88 1973-2013 Residential 12.61 14.97 16.30 16.44 15.69 12.48 1973-2013 Commercial 8.75 9.09 8.99 9.07 8.80 8.34 1973-2013 Industrial 5.03 4.91 4.50 4.34 4.38 4.39 2001-2013 Electric Power 4.79 4.56 4.34 4.03 4.19 4.26 2002-2013

220

DE-RP52-08NA28091  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8NA28091 8NA28091 [Submit in Volume I, TAB 2] Attachment L-1 Page 1 of 4 CORPORATE, PARTNERSHIP, JOINT VENTURE CERTIFICATES If the offer is submitted by a corporation, partnership or a Joint Venture, the applicable form provided on the following pages must be completed and submitted in Volume I of the proposal. In the alternative, other evidence must be submitted to substantiate the authority of the person signing the offer. If a corporation, the same officer shall not execute both the offer and the certificate. DE-RP52-08NA28091 [Submit in Volume I, TAB 2] Attachment L-1 Page 2 of 4 CORPORATE CERTIFICATE I, _______________________________________________, certify that I am the Secretary of the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1989-2013 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Plant response to Na/sup +/, K/sup +/ and K/sup +//Na/sup +/ ratios under saline conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This research was undertaken to more clearly determine plant response to saline-sodic waters. In the first experiment, the response of wheat and sorghum to different K/sup +//Na/sup +/ ratios at different osmotic potentials was investigated. The plants were grown in outdoor solution culture tanks containing polyethylene glycol and/or NaCl as osmoticum with 1/2 strength Hoagland as the base nutrient solution. The mass of the root system for both wheat and sorghum was determined primarily by the osmotic potential. However, root elongation was controlled primarily by the Na/sup +/ concentration. Sorghum root elongation rates decreased with increasing Na/sup +/ while those for wheat increased. Sodium was not translocated out of the sorghum root system until a critical Na/sup +/ root saturation level of .6 moles/kg was obtained. The second experiment was designed to investigate the water, nutrient and growth responses of the second crop of wheat in a wheat-sorghum-wheat rotation to zonal saline-sodic conditions.

Devitt, D.A.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Natural Gas Citygate Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4.65 4.73 5.23 5.26 5.32 1989-2013 Oregon 4.38 4.71 5.04 5.35 5.93 6.44 1989-2013 Pennsylvania 4.72 5.04 6.27 7.58 8.34 7.55 1989-2013 Rhode Island 3.95 4.00 4.07 4.12 4.15 4.14...

223

A Lepton Universality Test at CERN NA62 Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The NA62 experiment at CERN collected a large sample of K+ --> enu decays during a dedicated run in 2007, aiming at a precise test of lepton universality by measurement of the helicity suppressed ratio RK = BR(K+ --> enu)/BR(K+ --> munu). A preliminary result of the analysis of a partial data sample of 51089 K+ --> enu candidates is presented.

Evgueni Goudzovski

2010-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

224

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

District of Columbia" District of Columbia" "Number of Entities",1,"NA","NA","NA","NA",16,1,18 "Number of Retail Customers",238187,"NA","NA","NA","NA",15814,"NA",254001 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",3388,"NA","NA","NA","NA",8489,"NA",11877 "Percentage of Retail Sales",28.53,"NA","NA","NA","NA",71.47,"NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",487,"NA","NA","NA","NA",801,297,1586 "Percentage of Revenue",30.73,"NA","NA","NA","NA",50.52,18.75,100

225

Office of Civil Rights, NNSA, NA 1.2, Albuquerque Complex  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

2 Snap-shot, changes from Fiscal Year 2009 to Fiscal Year 2010, 4 Personnel by Percentage, 6 Comparisons to Other Workforces and the Civilian Labor Force, 7 Male and Female...

226

Advanced 0.3-NA EUV lithography capabilities at the ALS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

micro-exposure capabilities at the ALS using the 0.3-NA METEUV Microexposures at the ALS using the 0.3-NA MET Optic,EUV lithography capabilities at the ALS Patrick Naulleau 1 ,

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Physicochemical basis of the Na-K-Ca geothermometer  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Regular changes in solution composition were observed experimentally during granite reaction with dilute NaCl (+CaCl/sub 2/) solutions; these changes closely follow the empirical Na-K-Ca geothermometer relationship. Initial minerals forming the granite (quartz, plagioclase, K-feldspar, and biotite) were etched by the reactions. Alteration phases formed include calcium-zeolite at <300/sup 0/C, feldspar overgrowths at >300/sup 0/C, and minor amounts of clay and calcsilicate at all temperatures. Amphibole overgrowths were also found at 340/sup 0/C. Quartz is near saturation in all experiments, and preliminary calculations of aqueous species distributions and mineral affinities indicate that the solutions achieve super-saturation with feldspars as the temperature increase. A consistent variation attributable to pH differences was observed in the empirical geothermometer relationship for all experimental data. At 340/sup 0/C, the experimental solutions appear to have deviated slightly from the empirical Na-K-Ca relationship. Such deviations may also be found in natural systems that attain such temperatures.

Janecky, D.R.; Charles, R.W.; Bayhurst, G.K.; Benjamin, T.M.

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Measurements of NaI(Tl) electron response: comparison of different samples  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Office of Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation, Officeof Nonproliferation Research and Development (NA-22) of theof Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation, Office of Nuclear

Hull, Giulia

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Caustic Recycle from Hanford Tank Waste Using Large Area NaSICON Structures (LANS)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents the results of a 5-day test of an electrochemical bench-scale apparatus using a proprietary (NAS-GY) material formulation of a (Na) Super Ion Conductor (NaSICON) membrane in a Large Area NaSICON Structures (LANS) configuration. The primary objectives of this work were to assess system performance, membrane seal integrity, and material degradation while removing Na from Group 5 and 6 tank waste from the Hanford Site.

Fountain, Matthew S.; Sevigny, Gary J.; Balagopal, S.; Bhavaraju, S.

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

230

Estudo do desempenho de um compressor axial de vrios estgios com injeo de gua na sua entrada.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A simulao numrica de compressores axiais de fundamental importncia tanto na fase de projeto quanto na de desenvolvimento do compressor. A simulao numrica (more)

Luciano Porto Bontempo

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Na(+)-H+ exchanger kinetics in adrenal glomerulosa cells and its activation by angiotensin II  

SciTech Connect

We have studied the kinetic properties of basal and angiotensin II (ANG II) stimulated Na(+)-H+ exchange in adrenal glomerulosa cells by measuring changes in cytosolic pH (pHi) and initial rates of 22Na uptake in the presence or absence of dimethylamiloride (DMA). The cells were studied under basal conditions, at constant pHi with varied external sodium (Na+o), and at varied pHi with constant Na+o (50 mM). In 2,7-biscarboxyethyl-5(6)-carboxyfluorescein loaded cells under basal conditions, pHi rose from 7.09 +/- 0.02 to 7.19 +/- 0.02. Similarly, DMA-sensitive Na influx was enhanced from 9.2 +/- 1.3 to 14.8 +/- 2.1 nmol Na+/mg protein x min (P less than 0.01) by ANG II. In cells acid-loaded by preincubation in Na(+)-free media (pHi 6.8), addition of varying Na+o resulted in a rapid H+ efflux that was markedly inhibited by DMA. DMA-sensitive Na+ influx into these acidified cells with varied Na+o exhibited a Michaelis-Menten constant (Km) of 23 mM and a maximum velocity (Vmax) of 43 nmol Na+/mg protein x min. By varying pHi (from pHi 7.1 to 6.2), DMA-sensitive Na+ influx likewise showed activation with cellular acidification with a pK at pHi 7.09. At pHi 6.8, ANG II decreased the Km for Na+o from 23 to 17 mM and increased the Vmax from 43 to 53 nmol Na+/mg protein x min. The pHi dependence of DMA-sensitive Na+ influx was not affected by ANG II (pK at pHi 7.03). DMA also inhibited AII-stimulated aldosterone secretion and Na+ influx similarly. These results indicate that Na(+)-H+ exchange in adrenal glomerulosa cells is functioning under basal conditions, and is modulated by ANG II with enhanced Na+o affinity and Vmax but without a shift in pHi dependence (similar to ANG II effects on vascular smooth muscle cells). These effects suggest an important role for Na(+)-H+ exchange during ANG II stimulation of aldosterone production by glomerulosa cells.

Conlin, P.R.; Kim, S.Y.; Williams, G.H.; Canessa, M.L. (Brigham and Women' s Hospital, Boston, MA (USA))

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

NA Standards | Valence Geometries | Bond Angles-Furanose Rings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

angles in Furanose Rings angles in Furanose Rings ----------------------------------------------------- ribose deoxyribose ----------------------------------------------------- angle mean esd N mean esd N value value ----------------------------------------------------- C1'-C2'-C3' 101.5 (0.9, 80) 102.7 (1.4, 47) C2'-C3'-C4' 102.7 (1.0, 80) 103.2 (1.0, 47) C3'-C4'-O4' 105.5 (1.4, 80) 105.6 (1.0, 47) C4'-O4'-C1' 109.6 (0.9, 80) 109.7 (1.4, 47) O4'-C1'-C2' 106.4 (1.4, 80) 106.1 (1.0, 47) C1'-C2'-O2' 110.6 (3.0, 80) na C3'-C2'-O2' 113.3 (2.9, 80) na C2'-C3'-O3' 111.0 (2.8, 80) 110.6 (2.7, 47) C4'-C3'-O3' 110.6 (2.6, 80) 110.3 (2.2, 47) C5'-C4'-C3' 115.5 (1.5, 80) 114.7 (1.5, 47)

233

Formation of titanate nanostructures under different NaOH concentration and their application in wastewater treatment  

SciTech Connect

The effects of the concentration of NaOH on the formation and transformation of various titanate nanostructures were studied. With increasing NaOH concentration, three different formation mechanisms were proposed. Nanotubes can only be obtained under moderate NaOH conditions, and should transform into nanowires with prolonged hydrothermal treatment, and their formation rate is accelerated by increasing NaOH concentration. Low concentration of NaOH results in the direct formation of nanowires, while extra high concentration of NaOH leads to the formation of amorphous nanoparticles. Adsorption and photocatalysis studies show that titanate nanowires and nanotubes might be potential adsorbents for the removal of both heavy metal ions and dyes and photocatalysts for the removal of dyes from wastewater. -- Graphical abstract: The morphologies of the titanates depend deeply on the concentration of NaOH. With increasing NaOH concentration, three different formation mechanisms were proposed. The application of these titanate nanostructures in the wastewater treatment was studied. Display Omitted Research highlights: {yields} Effect of NaOH concentration on the structures of various titanates was reported. {yields} Three different formation mechanisms were presented with increasing NaOH concentration. {yields} Various titanates were used as adsorbents/photocatalysts in wastewater treatment.

Huang Jiquan [Key Lab of Optoelectronic Materials Chemistry and Physics, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou 350002 (China); Graduate school of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049 (China); Cao Yongge, E-mail: caoyongge@fjirsm.ac.c [Key Lab of Optoelectronic Materials Chemistry and Physics, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou 350002 (China); Deng Zhonghua; Tong Hao [Key Lab of Optoelectronic Materials Chemistry and Physics, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou 350002 (China)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

234

Vermont Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

478 274 137 93 85 1989-2013 Commercial 404 347 201 108 85 83 1989-2013 Industrial 302 286 247 206 204 233 2001-2013 Vehicle Fuel 0 0 0 0 0 0 2010-2013 Electric Power 4 4 1 4 4 3...

235

Hawaii Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

50 48 49 50 50 47 1989-2013 Commercial 151 143 151 164 159 160 1989-2013 Industrial 28 26 42 37 33 30 2001-2013 Vehicle Fuel 0 0 0 0 0 0 2010-2013 Electric Power -- -- -- -- -- --...

236

Hawaii Natural Gas Consumption by End Use  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

50 48 49 50 50 47 1989-2013 Commercial 151 143 151 164 159 160 1989-2013 Industrial 28 26 42 37 33 30 2001-2013 Vehicle Fuel 0 0 0 0 0 0 2010-2013 Electric Power -- -- -- -- -- --...

237

Residential Consumption of Natural Gas (Summary)  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

368,670 193,869 128,608 112,802 108,847 120,681 1973-2013 Alabama 2,208 1,330 984 718 771 783 1989-2013 Alaska 1,901 1,121 589 500 593 994 1989-2013 Arizona 2,272 1,674 1,226 1,052...

238

Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

69,737 369,031 194,049 128,636 113,477 108,795 1973-2013 Alabama 5,386 2,223 1,327 984 713 771 1989-2013 Alaska 2,200 1,901 1,121 589 500 593 1989-2013 Arizona 4,800 2,268 1,672...

239

Cu2Sb thin films as anode for Na-ion batteries  

SciTech Connect

Cu2Sb thin films prepared by magnetron sputtering are evaluated as an anode material for Na-ion batteries. The starting material is composed of nanocrystallites with the desired tetragonal P4/nmm structure. The study of the reaction mechanism reveals the formation of an amorphous/nanocrystalline phase of composition close to Na3Sb as the final reaction product. The solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) material is mostly composed of carbonates (Na2CO3, NaCO3R). The Cu2Sb anode possesses moderate capacity retention with a reversible storage capacity (250 mAh/g) close to the theoretical value (323 mAh/g), an average reaction potential of around 0.55 V vs. Na/Na+, and a high rate performance (10 C-rate).

Baggetto, Loic [ORNL; Allcorn, Eric [University of Texas, Austin; Manthiram, Arumugam [University of Texas, Austin; Veith, Gabriel M [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

NA-ASC-100R-04-Vol.1-Rev.0  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

100R-04-Vol.1-Rev.0 100R-04-Vol.1-Rev.0 August 2004 SAND 2004-3740P Issued by Sandia National Laboratories for NNSA's Office of Advanced Simulation & Computing, NA-114. For more information, contact Dr. Dimitri Kusnezov at dimitri.kusnezov@nnsa.doe.gov ON THE COVER: These experimental images show the evolution of three gaseous cylinders (seeded with a tracer gas) that have been accelerated by a planar shock wave. The flow fields are dominated by vortices created by the shock acceleration, so the swirling red flows are the SF6 gas being entrained by the vortices. The yellow is air. Each photo consists of two snapshots of the flow at two times (with time interval about 200 microseconds). These images are produced by a laser-induced fluorescence technique. In each image the structures are traveling from left to right at speeds of 100 m/s.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1989-2013 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

2012 Annual Workforce Analysis and Staffing Plan Report - NNSA NA-40  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 2 Reporting Office: NNSA NA-40 Section One - Current Mission (s) of the Organization and Potential Changes. 1. The Office of Emergency Operations (NA-40) administers and directs DOE and NNSA programs for emergency response capabilities to ensure availability and viability to respond to emergencies at DOE and NNSA facilities and field sites, and to nuclear and radiological emergencies within the United States and abroad. NA-40 is also responsible for the development of Departmental policy and guidance, technical assistance, and supporting implementation of emergency management planning, preparedness, readiness assurance, and response activities within DOE and NNSA. 2. NA-40 has no nuclear or radiological facilities under its cognizance; however,

242

Arquitetura ODP-CIM aplicada na previso distribuda da carga do sistema eltrico de potncia.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??O presente trabalho apresenta a utilizao do modelo CIM ? Common Information Model com uma abordagem ODP ? Open and Distributed Processing na definio de (more)

Mrio Roberto Bastos

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

2011 Annual Planning Summary for NNSA, Infrastructure and Environment (NA-50)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The ongoing and projected Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Statements for 2011 and 2012 within NNSA, Infrastructure and Environment (NA-50).

244

http://hq.na.gov/default.aspx?L=ITEM&ITEM=17500&CA=30&OT=101...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advanced Simulation & Computing (ASC) Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation (NA-20) Nuclear Cities Initiative (NCI) DOE Sites DOE Callup Directory Energy.Gov Simulation in...

245

O papel da advocacia de estado na gesto pblica: anlise da poltica pblica energtica no Brasil.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??O presente trabalho contm algumas reflexes sobre o papel da advocacia de Estado, na qual est inserida a Advocacia-Geral da Unio e seus membros de (more)

Vaz, Tania Patricia de Lara

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

High Energy Density Na-S/NiCl2 Hybrid Battery  

SciTech Connect

High temperature (250-350C) sodium-beta alumina batteries (NBBs) are attractive energy storage devices for renewable energy integration and other grid related applications. Currently, two technologies are commercially available in NBBs, e.g., sodium-sulfur (Na-S) battery and sodium-metal halide (ZEBRA) batteries. In this study, we investigated the combination of these two chemistries with a mixed cathode. In particular, the cathode of the cell consisted of molten NaAlCl4 as a catholyte and a mixture of Ni, NaCl and Na2S as active materials. During cycling, two reversible plateaus were observed in cell voltage profiles, which matched electrochemical reactions for Na-S and Na-NiCl2 redox couples. An irreversible reaction between sulfur species and Ni was identified during initial charge at 280C, which caused a decrease in cell capacity. The final products on discharge included Na2Sn with 1< n < 3, which differed from Na2S3 found in traditional Na-S battery. Reduction of sulfur in the mixed cathode led to an increase in overall energy density over ZEBRA batteries. Despite of the initial drop in cell capacity, the mixed cathode demonstrated relatively stable cycling with more than 95% of capacity retained over 60 cycles under 10mA/cm2. Optimization of the cathode may lead to further improvements in battery performance.

Lu, Xiaochuan; Lemmon, John P.; Kim, Jin Yong; Sprenkle, Vincent L.; Yang, Zhenguo (Gary) [Gary

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

247

Electrodeposition of PbTe Thermoelectric Materials in NaOH Solutions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dissolution Kinetics of Steelmaking Slag and Its Promotion for the Growth of Algae Electrodeposition of PbTe Thermoelectric Materials in NaOH Solutions.

248

Validao externa da metodologia de anlise focada na deciso : o caso da "SEAB Paran".  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Esta pesquisa tem como objetivo validar externamente a Metodologia da Anlise Focada na Deciso (AFD) desenvolvida por Santos, Becker e Fisher (1998) a partir do (more)

Luiz Roberto de Souza

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Migrao silenciosa. Marcas do pensamento esttico do Extremo Oriente na poesia portuguesa contempornea.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Na viragem do sc. XIX para o sc. XX, sobretudo atravs de Wenceslau de Moraes e de Camilo Pessanha, a literatura e a poesia portuguesas (more)

Almeida, Ana Catarina Dias Nunes de

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Impacto do TPS (Toyota Production System) na performance de empresas do sector automvel.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??O presente trabalho pretende demonstrar que o Sistema de Produo Toyota na sua essncia um Sistema de Gesto do Conhecimento. Sendo composto pela reviso (more)

Gonalves, Srgio Manuel Gago

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

NaNO3-KNO3 Ternary Molten Salts for Parabolic Trough  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Thermodynamic Properties of Novel Low Melting Point LiNO3- NaNO3-KNO3 Ternary Molten Salts for Parabolic Trough Solar Power...

252

Optimization of Na 0.44 MnO 2 Cathode Material - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Energy Storage: Materials, Systems, and Applications. Presentation Title, Optimization of Na0.44MnO2 Cathode Material for Use in Aqueous...

253

Study of intradrystalline diffusion in zeolites communication 3. Kinetics of adsorption of trans-2-butene by NaA and NaMgA zeolites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article studies the kinetics of adsorption of trans-2-butene by NaA zeolite with a varying crystal size, microcrystalline granulated NaA zeolite using granules of different sizes, and microcrystalline powdered Na/sub 8/Mg/sub 2/A zeolite. It is shown that the rate of adsorption is determined by the intracrystalline diffusion and that the effect of transfer in the transport pores and the final rate of dissipation of the heat of adsorption can be neglected. In adsorption of trans-2-butene by Na/sub 8/Mg/sub 2/A zeolite with a stepwise change in the pressure of the adsorbate, the kinetic curves are satisfactorily described by an internal diffusion equation for the kinetics of isothermal adsorption. The kinetics of adsorption were studied at 303 degrees K from the one-component vapor phase on a vacuum adsorption setup using quartz spring balance.

Broddak, R.; Dubinin, M.M.; Falko, L.A.; Gorlov, V.A.; Kuhlmann, B.; Scholner, E.; Voloshchuk, A.M.

1985-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

254

Office of Civil Rights, NNSA, NA 1.2, Albuquerque Complex  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

<30 30-39 40-49 50-59 60-69 70+ 7.4% 10.6% 26.4% 35.6% 19.0% 0.9% Age Groups as a Percentage of the NNSA Workforce 9.3% 45.8% 31.0% 13.9% Education J.D.Ph.DSc.D Degrees...

255

Modeling of Hydrogen Storage Materials: A Reactive Force Field for NaH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is the fall in potential energy surface during heating. Keywords: hydrogen storage, reactive force fieldModeling of Hydrogen Storage Materials: A Reactive Force Field for NaH Ojwang' J.G.O.*, Rutger van governing hydrogen desorption in NaH. During the abstraction process of surface molecular hydrogen charge

Goddard III, William A.

256

A New Improved Na-K Geothermometer By Artificial Neural Networks | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Improved Na-K Geothermometer By Artificial Neural Networks Improved Na-K Geothermometer By Artificial Neural Networks Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A New Improved Na-K Geothermometer By Artificial Neural Networks Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: A new Na/K geothermometer equation has been developed. The temperature function is:Concentrations are in mg/kg. The new improved geothermometer equation was developed by artificial neural networks. The normalized mean square error (NMSE) used in the new improved Na/K equation for temperatures ranging from 94 to 345°C is 0.179, which is lower than the corresponding NMSE 0.226, 0.598, 0.656, 0.268, 0.328 and 0.225 for the equations of Arnorsson et al. (1983; Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 47, 567-577), Truesdell (1975; Proc. 2nd UN Symposium), Tonani (1980; Proc. Adv. Eur.

257

Application Of An Artificial Neural Network Model To A Na-K Geothermometer  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Application Of An Artificial Neural Network Model To A Na-K Geothermometer Application Of An Artificial Neural Network Model To A Na-K Geothermometer Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Application Of An Artificial Neural Network Model To A Na-K Geothermometer Details Activities (3) Areas (2) Regions (0) Abstract: A new geothermometer model is proposed by applying data obtained from a known Na-K geothermometer to an artificial neural network. In this model, Na and K values were implemented as input signals and geothermometers as the output signal. Multi-layer perceptrons and back propagation were used as training algorithms for the artificial neural network. Reservoir temperatures of some geothermal fields in Turkey determined by this method are in accord with those determined from other methods.

258

" East North Central",21.3,"NA",26,27.6,29,32.4  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Number of Vehicles, Selected Survey Years (Millions)" Number of Vehicles, Selected Survey Years (Millions)" ,"Survey Years" ,1983,1985,1988,1991,1994,2001 "Total",129.3,137.3,147.5,151.2,156.8,191 "Household Characteristics" "Census Region and Division" " Northeast",23.9,"NA",26.6,27,26.6,31.7 " New England",6.6,"NA",6.6,6.5,7.6,10 " Middle Atlantic ",17.3,"NA",20.1,20.5,19,21.7 " Midwest ",32.5,"NA",37.8,38.4,41.1,47.1 " East North Central",21.3,"NA",26,27.6,29,32.4 " West North Central ",11.3,"NA",11.8,10.8,12.1,14.7 " South",45.1,"NA",50.6,52.7,56,70.2 " South Atlantic",22.2,"NA",25.9,26.6,28.4,38.8

259

" East North Central",751,"NA",539,650,639,792.21608  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Fuel Expenditures per Vehicle, Selected Survey Years (Nominal Dollars) " Fuel Expenditures per Vehicle, Selected Survey Years (Nominal Dollars) " ,"Survey Years" ,1983,1985,1988,1991,1994,2001 "Total",736,722,550,650,668,787 "Household Characteristics" "Census Region and Division" " Northeast",731,"NA",532,660,647,766.42074 " New England",706,"NA",526,687,637,810.19092 " Middle Atlantic ",740,"NA",534,651,651,746.41162 " Midwest ",738,"NA",539,651,644,792.60265 " East North Central",751,"NA",539,650,639,792.21608 " West North Central ",714,"NA",538,654,656,793.45498 " South",758,"NA",575,663,673,775.63816 " South Atlantic",772,"NA",559,639,676,755.54606

260

" East North Central",627,"NA",550,553,574,585.28553  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Fuel Consumption per Vehicle, Selected Survey Years (Gallons) " Fuel Consumption per Vehicle, Selected Survey Years (Gallons) " ,"Survey Years" ,1983,1985,1988,1991,1994,2001 "Total",621,611,559,548,578,592 "Household Characteristics" "Census Region and Division" " Northeast",609,"NA",525,523,545,571.15003 " New England",582,"NA",517,541,542,585.83989 " Middle Atlantic ",619,"NA",528,517,545,564.4347 " Midwest ",620,"NA",550,554,580,588.14092 " East North Central",627,"NA",550,553,574,585.28553 " West North Central ",607,"NA",550,557,592,594.43665 " South",644,"NA",585,566,598,615.25944 " South Atlantic",647,"NA",563,542,601,602.53752

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1989-2013 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Investigation of the Effects of Biodiesel-based Na on Emissions Control Components  

SciTech Connect

A single-cylinder diesel engine was used to investigate the impact of biodiesel-based Na on emissions control components using specially blended 20% biodiesel fuel (B20). The emissions control components investigated were a diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC), a Cu-zeolite-based NH{sub 3}-SCR (selective catalytic reduction) catalyst, and a diesel particulate filter (DPF). Both light-duty vehicle, DOC-SCR-DPF, and heavy-duty vehicle, DOC-DPF-SCR, emissions control configurations were employed. The accelerated Na aging is achieved by introducing elevated Na levels in the fuel, to represent full useful life exposure, and periodically increasing the exhaust temperature to replicate DPF regeneration. To assess the validity of the implemented accelerated Na aging protocol, engine-aged lean NO{sub x} traps (LNTs), DOCs and DPFs are also evaluated. To fully characterize the impact on the catalytic activity the LNT, DOC and SCR catalysts were evaluated using a bench flow reactor. The evaluation of the aged DOC samples and LNT show little to no deactivation as a result of Na contamination. However, the SCR in the light-duty configuration (DOC-SCR-DPF) was severely affected by Na contamination, especially when NO was the only fed NO{sub x} source. In the heavy-duty configuration (DOC-DPF-SCR), no impact is observed in the SCR NO{sub x} reduction activity. Electron probe micro-analysis (EPMA) reveals that Na contamination on the LNT, DOC, and SCR samples is present throughout the length of the catalysts with a higher concentration on the washcoat surface. In both the long-term engine-aged DPF and the accelerated Na-aged DPFs, there is significant Na ash present in the upstream channels; however, in the engine-aged sample lube oil-based ash is the predominant constituent.

Brookshear, D. William [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Nguyen, Ke [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Toops, Todd J [ORNL; Bunting, Bruce G [ORNL; Howe, Janet E [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Formation, stability and mobility of self-trapped excitations in NaI and NaI1-xTIx from first principles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present ab initio calculations studying the formation, mobility, and stability of self trapped excitons (STE) and self trapped holes (STH) and electrons in NaI and NaI(Tl). While previously proposed models assumed a highly mobile STE and a slower STH, we find that both carriers in pure NaI have similar mobilities, with an activation energy of about 0.2 eV. We propose an alternate interpretation of experimental record including a new migration mechanism for the STE. In the Tl-doped material excitons preferentially trap at dopants, inducing off center distortions that have a structure unlike an STE providing a mechanism for light emission at multiple wavelengths. The calculated results are generally in excellent agreement with available data.

Prange, Micah P.; Van Ginhoven, Renee M.; Govind, Niranjan; Gao, Fei

2013-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

263

Site-specific force-distance characteristics on NaCl(001): Measurements versus atomistic simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A scanning force microscope was used to measure the frequency shift above various atomic sites on a NaCl(001) surface at 7 K. The data was converted to force and compared to the results of atomistic simulations using model NaCl and MgO tips. We find that the NaCl tip demonstrates better agreement in the magnitude of the forces in experiments, supporting the observation that the tip first came into contact with the sample. Using the MgO tip as a model of the originally oxidized silicon tip, we further demonstrate a possible mechanism for tip contamination at low temperatures.

Lantz, M. A.; Hoffmann, R.; Hidber, H. R. [Institute of Physics, University of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 82, CH-4056 Basel (Switzerland); Foster, A. S. [Laboratory of Physics, Helsinki University of Technology, P.O. Box 1100, 02015 HUT (Finland); Baratoff, A.; Hug, H. J.; Guentherodt, H.-J. [Institute of Physics, University of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 82, CH-4056 Basel (Switzerland); National Center of Competence in Research (NCCR) on Nanoscale Science, University of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 82, CH-4056 Basel (Switzerland)

2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

264

Coupled left-shift of Nav channels: modeling the Na+-loading and dysfunctional excitability of damaged axons  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Injury to neural tissue renders voltage-gated Na+ (Nav) channels leaky. Even mild axonal trauma initiates Na+ -loading, leading to secondary Ca2+-loading and white matter degeneration. The nodal isoform is Nav1.6 ... Keywords: Arrhythmia, Diffuse axonal injury, Extracellular space, Hodgkin-Huxley, Myelinated, Na/K-ATPase, Neuropathic pain

Pierre-Alexandre Boucher; Bla Jos; Catherine E. Morris

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Program on Technology Innovation: Advanced Sodium Sulfur (NaS) Battery Energy Storage System - 2006 Annual Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although sodium sulfur (NaS) batteries have begun to be commercialized in Japan, market development of NaS batteries in the United States has lacked a full-scale commercial demonstration. This report describes one of the first U.S. commercial NaS application efforts and details its technical aspects.

2007-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

266

High capacity, reversible alloying reactions in SnSb/C nanocomposites for Na-ion battery applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new SnSb/C nanocomposite based on Na alloying reactions is demonstrated as anode for Na-ion battery applications. The electrode can achieve an exceptionally high capacity (544 mA h g{sup -1}, almost double that of intercalation carbon materials), good rate capacity and cyclability (80% capacity retention over 50 cycles) for Na-ion storage.

Xiao, Lifen; Cao, Yuliang; Xiao, Jie; Wang, Wei; Kovarik, Libor; Nie, Zimin; Liu, Jun

2012-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

267

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",11724,1952,"NA","NA",39,16677,"NA",30392 "Percentage of Retail Sales",38.58,6.42,"NA","NA",0.13,54.87,"NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales...

268

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",30754,762,"NA",4566,"NA",29253,"NA",65335 "Percentage of Retail Sales",47.07,1.17,"NA",6.99,"NA",44.77,"NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales...

269

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",101256,16457,6,18696,"NA","NA","NA",136415 "Percentage of Retail Sales",74.23,12.06,"*",13.71,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales...

270

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",5730,1503,317,3807,"NA","NA","NA",11356 "Percentage of Retail Sales",50.46,13.23,2.79,33.53,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail...

271

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",175247,36079,"NA",19883,1,"NA","NA",231210 "Percentage of Retail Sales",75.8,15.6,"NA",8.6,"*","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales...

272

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",4451,1869,"NA",1262,"NA",4023,"NA",11606 "Percentage of Retail Sales",38.35,16.11,"NA",10.88,"NA",34.67,"NA",100 "Revenue from Retail...

273

NNSA selects Lindsey VanNess as NA-00 Inaugural Employee of the Year |  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

selects Lindsey VanNess as NA-00 Inaugural Employee of the Year | selects Lindsey VanNess as NA-00 Inaugural Employee of the Year | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > NNSA selects Lindsey VanNess as NA-00 Inaugural ... NNSA selects Lindsey VanNess as NA-00 Inaugural Employee of the Year Posted By Office of Public Affairs

274

Dynamics and Thermodynamics of a Novel Phase of NaAlH[subscript 4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We characterize a novel orthorhombic phase (?) of NaAlH[subscript 4], discovered using first-principles molecular dynamics, and discuss its relevance to the dehydrogenation mechanism. This phase is close in energy to the ...

Wood, Brandon C.

275

An Empirical Na-K-Ca Geothermometer For Natural Waters | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Empirical Na-K-Ca Geothermometer For Natural Waters Empirical Na-K-Ca Geothermometer For Natural Waters Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: An Empirical Na-K-Ca Geothermometer For Natural Waters Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: An empirical method of estimating the last temperature of water-rock interaction has been devised. It is based upon molar Na, K and Ca concentrations in natural waters from temperature environments ranging from 4 to 340°C. The data for most geothermal waters cluster near a straight line when plotted as the function vs reciprocal of absolute temperature, where Β is either or depending upon whether the water equilibrated above or below 100°C. For most waters tested, the method gives better results than the methods suggested by other workers. The ratio

276

2012 Annual Workforce Analysis and Staffing Plan Report - NNSA for Safety and Health - NA-26  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 Annual Workforce Analysis and Staffing Plan Report Draft as of December 31, 2012 Reporting Office: _NA-26 Office of Fissile Material Disposition at SRS____ Section 1: Current Mission(s) of the Organization and Potential Changes 1. The Office of Fissile Material Disposition (NA-26) is part of the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA). NA-26 supports NNSA Strategic Plan Goal #2, "Provide technical leadership to limit or prevent the spread of materials, technology, and expertise relating to weapons of mass destruction; advance the technologies to detect the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction worldwide, and eliminate or secure inventories of surplus materials and infrastructure usable for nuclear weapons." The NA-26 organization focuses on the safe and secure disposition of

277

Complexation of Am(III) by oxalate in NaClO{sub 4} media  

SciTech Connect

The complexation of Am(III) by oxalate has been investigated in solutions of NaClO{sub 4} up to 9.0 M ionic strength at 25{degrees}C. The dissociation constants of oxalic acid were determined by potentiometric titration, while the stability constants of the Am(III)-oxalate complexation were measured by the solvent extraction technique. A thermodynamic model was constructed to predict the apparent equilibrium constants at different ionic strengths by applying the Pitzer equation using parameters for the Na{sup +}-HOx{sup -}, Na{sup +}-Ox{sup -}, AmOx{sup +}-ClO{sub 4}{sup -}, and Na{sup +}-Am(Ox){sub 2}{sup -} interactions obtained by fitting the data.

Choppin, G.R.; Chen, J.F. [Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL (United States)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

The Accuracy of Voluntary Observing Ships' Meteorological Observations-Results of the VSOP-NA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For the Voluntary Observing Ships Special Observing Project for the North Atlantic (VSOP-NA), the layout, meteorological instrumentation, and observing practices of 45 voluntary observing ships (VOS) operating in the North Atlantic were ...

Elizabeth C. Kent; Peter K. Taylor; Bruce S. Truscott; John S. Hopkins

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Configurational Entropy and Structure of the Molten NaCl-KCl-ZnCl2 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this context, we examine NaCl-KCl-ZnCl2 molten salts and pay particular attention to characterizing the thermodynamics and structure of these liquids in order...

280

Improved MCFC performance with Li/Na/Ba/Ca carbonate electrolyte.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Earlier electrolyte segregation tests of Li/Na carbonate used chemical analysis such as inductively coupled plasma/atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP/AES) of matrix strips wetted with carbonate and exposed to 5- to 20-V potential gradients. A segregation factor was correlated to the Li/Na carbonate composition. While fairly substantial segregation occurs at the eutectic composition of 52% Li, it is minimal at 60% to 75% Li. Such lithium-rich Li/Na carbonates may not be practical because the melting points are too high (i.e., liquidus point is 625 C). By adding calcium and barium to the lithium/sodium carbonates, we were able to lower the melting point and maintain nonsegregating behavior. This work is directed at examining the long-term stability of the quaternary Li/Na/Ba/Ca electrolytes. Electrolyte optimization work evaluates Li/Na ratio and Ba/Ca level to improve cell performance at 320 mA/cm{sup 2} and reduce temperature sensitivity. A number of cells with quaternary Li/Na/Ba/Ca electrolytes ranging from 3 to 5% Ba/Ca have operated well with stable, long-term performance. Congruent melting carbonate is important for commercial development. The best so far is 3.5% Ba/Ca/Na/Li (3.5 mol%/3.5 mol% Ba/Ca) carbonate (m.p. 440 C). Performance at 160 mA/cm{sup 2} is increased up to 150mV as compared with the baseline cell containing the Li/Na eutectic composition. Life stability has been reproduced by a number of bench-scale MCFC test with operations of 2000-4300 h and the electrolyte composition across the matrix little changed.

Centeno, C.-J.; Kaun, T. D.; Krumpelt, M.; Schoeler, A.

1999-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1989-2013 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Traduzir o outro oriental:a configurao da figura feminina na literatura portuguesa finissecular:(Antnio Feij e Wenceslau de Moraes).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??O presente estudo incide sobre a configurao literria da mulher extremo-oriental na obra de dois autores portugueses finisseculares, nomeadamente na recolha de poesias traduzidas que (more)

Pinto, Marta Pacheco, 1984-

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

O and Na abundance patterns in open clusters of the Galactic disk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aims. A global O-Na abundance anti-correlation is observed in globular clusters, which is not present in the Galactic field population. Open clusters are thought to be chemically homogeneous internally. We aim to explore the O and Na abundance pattern among the open cluster population of the Galactic disk. Methods. We combine open cluster abundance ratios of O and Na from high-resolution spectroscopic studies in the literature and normalize them to a common solar scale. We compare the open cluster abundances against the globular clusters and disk field. Results. We find that the different environments show different abundance patterns. The open clusters do not show the O-Na anti-correlation at the extreme O-depletion / Na-enhancement as observed in globular clusters. Furthermore, the high Na abundances in open clusters do not match the disk field stars. If real, it may be suggesting that the dissolution of present-day open clusters is not a significant contribution to building the Galactic disk. Large-scale h...

De Silva, G M; Lattanzio, J; Asplund, M; 10.1051/0004-6361/200912279

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Na and Li ion diffusion in modified ASTM C 1260 test by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)  

SciTech Connect

In the current study, MRI was applied to investigate lithium and sodium ion diffusion in cement paste and mortars containing inert sand and borosilicate glass. Paste and mortars were treated by complying with ASTM C 1260. Lithium and sodium distribution profiles were collected at different ages after different treatments. Results revealed that sodium ions had a greater diffusion rate than lithium ions, suggesting that Na reaches the aggregate particle surface before Li. Results also showed that Na and Li ions had a competitive diffusion process in mortars; soaking in a solution with higher [Li] favored Li diffusion but hindered Na diffusion. In mortars containing glass, a substantial amount of Li was consumed by the formation of ASR products. When [Li] in soaking solution was reduced to 0.37 N, a distinctive Na distribution profile was observed, indicating the free-state Na ions were continuously transformed to solid reaction products by ASR. Hence, in the modified ASTM C 1260 test, [Li] in the storage solution should be controlled at 0.74 N, in order to completely prevent the consumption of Na ions and thus stop ASR.

Feng, X. [Department of Civil Engineering, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, NB (Canada)], E-mail: XFeng@ctlgroup.com; Balcom, B.J. [MRI Center, Department of Physics, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, NB (Canada); Thomas, M.D.A.; Bremner, T.W. [Department of Civil Engineering, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, NB (Canada)

2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

284

Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1994 January ................. 4.11 23.91 21.31 25.95 19.61 3.91 1.19 February ............... 2.31 22.26 18.45 28.61 22.18 4.36 1.83 March .................... 2.84 19.63 19.11 31.67 23.06 2.25 1.44 April ...................... 3.83 20.65 20.98 31.93 19.27 1.51 1.82 May ....................... 3.29 18.38 17.25 30.44 27.38 2.24 1.03 June ...................... 3.74 19.70 17.26 31.58 25.64 0.80 1.28 July ....................... 4.61 16.73 20.40 29.89 22.48 2.99 2.91 August .................. 3.66 17.89 16.13 31.55 26.68 2.21 1.89 September ............ 3.75 18.25 16.21 33.46 22.93 3.03 2.36 October ................. 4.31 16.62 19.92 31.89 21.57 3.21 2.48 November ............. 4.03 18.13 17.87 30.78 23.73 3.74 1.72 December ............. 5.04 17.60 17.59 30.05 23.92 3.50 2.31 1994 .........................

285

Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1996 January ................. 4.15 22.60 17.85 28.54 23.19 2.19 1.48 February ............... 4.52 22.26 14.69 28.79 24.96 3.51 1.27 March .................... 3.79 19.54 19.77 31.45 22.75 1.17 1.54 April ...................... 4.56 20.86 13.84 31.67 26.91 0.96 1.20 May ....................... 4.51 18.61 15.86 32.04 24.32 3.00 1.66 June ...................... 4.29 20.45 15.33 34.01 22.65 2.29 0.98 July ....................... 6.17 18.84 13.25 33.93 24.75 2.16 0.90 August .................. 5.23 19.66 12.44 35.69 22.73 2.57 1.69 September ............ 3.99 21.90 13.26 36.65 21.75 0.65 1.80 October ................. 3.92 22.24 15.65 30.63 23.84 1.09 2.62 November ............. 5.03 22.49 13.65 31.88 23.91 2.24 0.80 December ............. 4.63 21.77 11.45 38.24 20.65 1.68 1.59 1996 .........................

286

Effect of ?-Phase Percentage on the Sintered Strength of Si3N4 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2009. Symposium, International Symposium on Innovative Processing and Synthesis of Ceramics,...

287

What Percentage of Western North Pacific Tropical Cyclones Form within the Monsoon Trough?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is frequently stated that 70%80% of western North Pacific tropical cyclones form within the monsoon trough, but without an objective definition of the term. Several definitions are tested here. When the monsoon trough (MT) is defined as the ...

John Molinari; David Vollaro

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1993 January ................. 4.52 18.16 22.93 28.47 23.99 1.48 0.45 February ............... 4.19 18.11 19.48 35.50 17.92 3.57 1.22 March .................... 4.98 18.66 20.35 28.62 23.43 2.50 1.46 April ...................... 3.87 19.19 18.99 34.21 20.14 2.46 1.14 May ....................... 4.08 17.79 20.20 30.71 22.34 3.43 1.45 June ...................... 5.15 18.63 18.93 32.48 22.10 1.55 1.17 July ....................... 4.29 20.18 22.37 29.86 20.49 1.55 1.26 August .................. 5.99 21.29 18.91 27.30 23.42 1.69 1.40 September ............ 4.67 19.54 18.63 31.51 21.74 1.89 2.02 October ................. 4.78 18.66 16.53 36.43 17.94 3.57 2.10 November ............. 4.39 18.81 19.45 34.22 18.98 3.15 1.00 December ............. 3.46 16.62 14.68 39.78 19.54 4.06 1.87 1993 .........................

289

Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

1996 January ... 4.15 22.60 17.85 28.54 23.19 2.19 1.48 February ... 4.52 22.26 14.69 28.79 24.96 3.51 1.27 March ... 3.79 19.54 19.77...

290

Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1993 January ... 4.52 18.16 22.93 28.47 23.99 1.48 0.45 February ... 4.19 18.11 19.48 35.50 17.92 3.57 1.22 March ... 4.98 18.66 20.35...

291

Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1997 January ... 4.81 21.56 12.96 34.96 21.61 2.76 1.34 February ... 4.66 22.18 15.45 29.96 24.56 2.33 0.86 March ... 5.24 21.60 12.11...

292

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Low-Percentage Hydrogen/CNG Blend, Ford F-150 -- Operating Summary  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Over the past two years, Arizona Public Service, a subsidiary of Pinnacle West Capital Corporation, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Energys Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity, tested four gaseous fuel vehicles as part of its alternative fueled vehicle fleet. One vehicle operated initially using compressed natural gas (CNG) and later a blend of CNG and hydrogen. Of the other three vehicles, one was fueled with pure hydrogen and two were fueled with a blend of CNG and hydrogen. The three blended-fuel vehicles were originally equipped with either factory CNG engines or factory gasoline engines that were converted to run CNG fuel. The vehicles were variously modified to operate on blended fuel and were tested using 15 to 50% blends of hydrogen (by volume). The pure-hydrogen-fueled vehicle was converted from gasoline fuel to operate on 100% hydrogen. All vehicles were fueled from the Arizona Public Services Alternative Fuel Pilot Plant, which was developed to dispense gaseous fuels, including CNG, blends of CNG and hydrogen, and pure hydrogen with up to 99.9999% purity The primary objective of the test was to evaluate the safety and reliability of operating vehicles on hydrogen and blended hydrogen fuel, and the interface between the vehicles and the hydrogen fueling infrastructure. A secondary objective was to quantify vehicle emissions, cost, and performance. Over a total of 40,000 fleet test miles, no safety issues were found. Also, significant reductions in emissions were achieved by adding hydrogen to the fuel. This report presents results of 16,942 miles of testing for one of the blended fuel vehicles, a Ford F-150 pickup truck, operating on up to 30% hydrogen/70% CNG fuel.

Karner, D.; Francfort, James Edward

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: High-Percentage Hydrogen/CNG Blend, Ford F-150 -- Operating Summary  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Over the past two years, Arizona Public Service, a subsidiary of Pinnacle West Capital Corporation, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Energys Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity, tested four gaseous fuel vehicles as part of its alternative fueled vehicle fleet. One vehicle operated initially using compressed natural gas (CNG) and later a blend of CNG and hydrogen. Of the other three vehicles, one was fueled with pure hydrogen and two were fueled with a blend of CNG and hydrogen. The three blended-fuel vehicles were originally equipped with either factory CNG engines or factory gasoline engines that were converted to run CNG fuel. The vehicles were variously modified to operate on blended fuel and were tested using 15 to 50% blends of hydrogen (by volume). The pure-hydrogen-fueled vehicle was converted from gasoline fuel to operate on 100% hydrogen. All vehicles were fueled from the Arizona Public Services Alternative Fuel Pilot Plant, which was developed to dispense gaseous fuels, including CNG, blends of CNG and hydrogen, and pure hydrogen with up to 99.9999% purity. The primary objective of the test was to evaluate the safety and reliability of operating vehicles on hydrogen and blended hydrogen fuel, and the interface between the vehicles and the hydrogen fueling infrastructure. A secondary objective was to quantify vehicle emissions, cost, and performance. Over a total of 40,000 fleet test miles, no safety issues were found. Also, significant reductions in emissions were achieved by adding hydrogen to the fuel. This report presents the results of 4,695 miles of testing for one of the blended fuel vehicles, a Ford F-150 pickup truck, operating on up to 50% hydrogen50% CNG fuel.

Don Karner; Francfort, James Edward

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Catalytic Effect of Ti for Hydrogen Cycling in NaAlH4  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Effect of Ti for Effect of Ti for Hydrogen Cycling in NaAlH 4 Mei-Yin Chou School of Physics Georgia Institute of Technology (DE-FG02-05ER46229) Acknowledgment: Yan Wang, Roland Stumpf Why is NaAlH 4 interesting? A viable candidate for hydrogen-storage material: High theoretical weight-percent hydrogen content of 5.55% and low cost But (before 1997) Dehydrogenation occurs at high temperature; rehydrogenation is difficult. Bogdanovic and Schwickardi, 1997 Hydrogen can be reversibly absorbed and desorbed from NaAlH 4 under moderate conditions by the addition of catalysts (compounds containing Ti, Zr, etc.) High Hydrogen Contents in Complex Hydrides Hydride wt% Hydride wt% Be(BH 4 ) 2 20.8 Mg(AlH 4 ) 2 9.3 LiBH 4 18.2 Ca(AlH 4 ) 2 7.9 Mg(BH 4 ) 2 14.9 KBH 4 7.5 Ca(BH 4 ) 2 11.6 NaAlH 4 7.5 NaBH4 10.7 Ga(AlH

295

The behavior of NaOH at the air-water interface, a computational study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Molecular dynamics simulations with a polarizable multi-state empirical valence bond model were carried out to investigate NaOH dissociation and pairing in water bulk and at the air-water interface. It was found that NaOH readily dissociates in the bulk, and the effect of the air-water interface on NaOH dissociation is fairly minor. Also, NaOH complexes were found to be strongly repelled from the air-water interface, which is consistent with surface tension measurements. At the same time, a very strong preference for the hydroxide anion to be oriented towards the air was found that persisted a few angstroms towards the liquid from the Gibbs dividing surface of the air-water interface. This was due to a preference for the hydroxide anion to have its hydrogen pointing towards the air, and the fact that the sodium ion was more likely to be found near the hydroxide oxygen than hydrogen. As a consequence, the simulation results show that surfaces of NaOH solutions should be negatively charged, in agreement with experimental observations, but also that the hydroxide has little surface affinity. This provides the possibility that the surface of water can be devoid of hydroxide anions, but still have a strong negative charge. This work was supported by the US Department of Energy Basic Energy Sciences' Chemical Sciences, Geosciences & Biosciences Division. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is operated by Battelle for the US Department of Energy.

Wick, Collin D.; Dang, Liem X.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

296

THE Na 8200 Angstrom-Sign DOUBLET AS AN AGE INDICATOR IN LOW-MASS STARS  

SciTech Connect

We investigate the use of the gravity sensitive neutral sodium (Na I) doublet at 8183 Angstrom-Sign and 8195 Angstrom-Sign (Na 8200 Angstrom-Sign doublet) as an age indicator for M dwarfs. We measured the Na doublet equivalent width (EW) in giants, old dwarfs, young dwarfs, and candidate members of the {beta} Pic moving group using medium-resolution spectra. Our Na 8200 A doublet EW analysis shows that the feature is useful as an approximate age indicator in M-type dwarfs with (V - K{sub s}) {>=} 5.0, reliably distinguishing stars older and younger than 100 Myr. A simple derivation of the dependence of the Na EW on temperature and gravity supports the observational results. An analysis of the effects of metallicity shows that this youth indicator is best used on samples with similar metallicity. The age estimation technique presented here becomes useful in a mass regime where traditional youth indicators are increasingly less reliable, is applicable to other alkali lines, and will help identify new low-mass members in other young clusters and associations.

Schlieder, Joshua E.; Simon, Michal [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 (United States); Lepine, Sebastien; Rice, Emily [Department of Astrophysics, American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West at 79th Street, New York, NY 10024 (United States); Fielding, Drummond [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, 366 Bloomberg Center, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Tomasino, Rachael, E-mail: michal.simon@stonybrook.edu, E-mail: schlieder@mpia-hd.mpg.de, E-mail: lepine@amnh.org, E-mail: erice@amnh.org, E-mail: dfieldi1@jhu.edu, E-mail: tomas1r@cmich.edu [Department of Physics, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, MI 48859 (United States)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

297

Stripe Correlations in Na{sub 0.75}CoO{sub 2}  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a combined high-energy x-ray diffraction and local-density approximation study of the sodium ordering in Na{sub 0.75}CoO{sub 2}. The obtained results rule out previously proposed Na-ordering models and provide strong evidence for the formation of sodium-density stripes in this material. The local-density approximation calculations prove that the sodium-density stripes lead to a sizable dip in the density of the Co states at the Fermi level, pointing to band structure effects as a driving force for the stripe formation. This indicates that the sodium ordering is connected to stripelike charge correlations within the CoO{sub 2} layers, leading to an astonishing similarity between the doped cuprates and the Na{sub x}CoO{sub 2} compounds.

Geck, J.; Borisenko, S. V.; Eschrig, H.; Koepernik, K.; Knupfer, M.; Buechner, B. [Leibniz Institute for Solid State and Materials Research IFW Dresden, Helmholtzstrasse 20, 01069 Dresden (Germany); Zimmermann, M. v. [Hamburger Synchrotronstrahlungslabor HASYLAB at Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, Notkestrasse 85, 22603 Hamburg (Germany); Berger, H. [Institut de Physique de la Matiere Complex (IPMC), EPF Lausannne, 1015 Lausanne (Switzerland)

2006-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

298

Decontamination and decommissioning plan for processing contaminated NaK at the INEL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This decontamination and decommissioning (D&D) plan describes the work elements and project management plan for processing four containers of contaminated sodium/potassium (NaK) and returning the Army Reentry Vehicle Facility Site (ARVFS) to a reusable condition. The document reflects the management plan for this project before finalizing the conceptual design and preliminary prototype tests of the reaction kinetics. As a result, the safety, environmental, and accident analyses are addressed as preliminary assessments before completion at a later date. ARVFS contains an earth-covered bunker, a cylindrical test pit and metal shed, and a cable trench connecting the two items. The bunker currently stores the four containers of NaK from the meltdown of the EBR-1 Mark II core. The D&D project addressed in this plan involves processing the contaminated NaK and returning the ARVFS to potential reuse after cleanup.

LaRue, D.M.; Dolenc, M.R.

1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Decontamination and decommissioning plan for processing contaminated NaK at the INEL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This decontamination and decommissioning (D D) plan describes the work elements and project management plan for processing four containers of contaminated sodium/potassium (NaK) and returning the Army Reentry Vehicle Facility Site (ARVFS) to a reusable condition. The document reflects the management plan for this project before finalizing the conceptual design and preliminary prototype tests of the reaction kinetics. As a result, the safety, environmental, and accident analyses are addressed as preliminary assessments before completion at a later date. ARVFS contains an earth-covered bunker, a cylindrical test pit and metal shed, and a cable trench connecting the two items. The bunker currently stores the four containers of NaK from the meltdown of the EBR-1 Mark II core. The D D project addressed in this plan involves processing the contaminated NaK and returning the ARVFS to potential reuse after cleanup.

LaRue, D.M.; Dolenc, M.R.

1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Caustic Recycle from Hanford Tank Waste Using NaSICON Ceramic Membrane Salt Splitting Process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A family of inorganic ceramic materials, called sodium (Na) Super Ion Conductors (NaSICON), has been studied at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to investigate their ability to separate sodium from radioactively contaminated sodium salt solutions for treating U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) tank wastes. Ceramatec Inc. developed and fabricated a membrane containing a proprietary NAS-GY material formulation that was electrochemically tested in a bench-scale apparatus with both a simulant and a radioactive tank-waste solution to determine the membrane performance when removing sodium from DOE tank wastes. Implementing this sodium separation process can result in significant cost savings by reducing the disposal volume of low-activity wastes and by producing a NaOH feedstock product for recycle into waste treatment processes such as sludge leaching, regenerating ion exchange resins, inhibiting corrosion in carbon-steel tanks, or retrieving tank wastes.

Fountain, Matthew S.; Kurath, Dean E.; Sevigny, Gary J.; Poloski, Adam P.; Pendleton, J.; Balagopal, S.; Quist, M.; Clay, D.

2009-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1989-2013 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

At-wavelength interferometry of high-NA diffraction-limited EUV optics  

SciTech Connect

Recent advances in all-reflective diffraction-limited optical systems designed for extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography have pushed numerical aperture (NA) values from 0.1 to 0.3, providing Rayleigh resolutions of 27-nm. Worldwide, several high-NA EUV optics are being deployed to serve in the development of advanced lithographic techniques required for EUV lithography, including the creation and testing of new, high-resolution photoresists. One such system is installed on an undulator beamline at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's Advanced Light Source. Sub{angstrom}-accuracy optical testing and alignment techniques, developed for use with the previous generations of EUV lithographic optical systems, are being extended for use at high NA. Considerations for interferometer design and use are discussed.

Goldberg, Kenneth A.; Naulleau, Patrick; Rekawa, Senajith; Denham, Paul; Liddle, J. Alexander; Anderson, Erik; Jackson, Keith; Bokor, Jeffrey; Attwood, David

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

NaK pool-boiler solar receiver durability bench test. Volume 2, Metallurgical analysis  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The principal materials used in the construction of a NaKbased pool-boiler were analyzed. The device, operated for 7500 hours, accumulated 1000 thermal cycles to a peak temperature of 750{degrees}C. Haynes 230, used to fabricate the pool-boiler vessel, was found to perform satisfactorily. Air-side corrosion of the pool-boiler vessel was insignificant. Internal surface of the alloy exhibited some NaK-induced elemental dissolution; this dissolution was somewhat more extensive where the alloy was exposed to the liquid metal compared to regions exposed only to NaK vapor; however, the corresponding metal loss in all regions was inconsequential, never exceeding more than a few microns. Autogenous seam welds of the alloy responded in a similar fashion, exhibiting only minimal metal loss over the course of the experiment. While there was 50% loss in ductility of the alloy there remained adequate ductility for the anticipated operating environment. An enhanced boiling nucleation surface comprised of stainless steel powder brazed to the vessel ID showed no change in its structure. It remained intact, showing no cracking after repeated thermal cycling. Other materials used in the experiment showed more extensive degradation after exposure to the NaK. IN 600, used to fabricate thermowells, exhibited extensive surface and intergranular dissolution. Grain boundary dissolution was sufficiently severe in one of the thermowells to cause an air leak, resulting in experiment termination. BNi-3, a brazing alloy used to join the pool-boiler vessel, endcaps and thermowells, showed some dissolution where it was exposed to the NaK as well as thermal aging effects. However, all brazes remained structurally sound. A nickel metal ribbon showed catastrophic dissolution, resulting in the formation of deep (> 30 {mu}m) pits and cavities. A zirconium metal foil used to getter oxygen from the NaK became extremely brittle.

Goods, S.H.; Bradshaw, R.W. [Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (United States)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Towards a study of the {sup 22}Ne(p,{gamma}){sup 23}Na reaction at LUNA  

SciTech Connect

The {sup 22}Ne(p,{gamma}){sup 23}Na reaction is a part of the hydrogen burning NeNa cycle. In second-generation stars hydrogen burning may proceed via this cycle. The rate of the {sup 22}Ne(p,{gamma}){sup 23}Na reaction depends on the strength of several resonances in the energy range of the LUNA 400 kV accelerator which have never been observed in direct experiments. A related study is under preparation at LUNA.

Cavanna, Francesca; Depalo, Rosanna; Menzel, Marie-Luise [Dipartimento di fisica, Universita di Genova, and INFN Sezione di Genova, Genova (Italy); Dipartimento di fisica, Universita di Padova, and INFN Sezione di Padova, Padova (Italy); Helmholtz Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Dresden (Germany); Collaboration: LUNA Collaboration

2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

304

POST-OPERATIONAL TREATMENT OF RESIDUAL NA COOLLANT IN EBR-2 USING CARBONATION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

At the end of 2002, the Experimental Breeder Reactor Two (EBR-II) facility became a U.S. Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) permitted site, and the RCRA permit1 compelled further treatment of the residual sodium in order to convert it into a less reactive chemical form and remove the by-products from the facility, so that a state of RCRA 'closure' for the facility may be achieved (42 U.S.C. 6901-6992k, 2002). In response to this regulatory driver, and in recognition of project budgetary and safety constraints, it was decided to treat the residual sodium in the EBR-II primary and secondary sodium systems using a process known as 'carbonation.' In early EBR-II post-operation documentation, this process is also called 'passivation.' In the carbonation process (Sherman and Henslee, 2005), the system containing residual sodium is flushed with humidified carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}). The water vapor in the flush gas reacts with residual sodium to form sodium hydroxide (NaOH), and the CO{sub 2} in the flush gas reacts with the newly formed NaOH to make sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO{sub 3}). Hydrogen gas (H{sub 2}) is produced as a by-product. The chemical reactions occur at the exposed surface of the residual sodium. The NaHCO{sub 3} layer that forms is porous, and humidified carbon dioxide can penetrate the NaHCO{sub 3} layer to continue reacting residual sodium underneath. The rate of reaction is controlled by the thickness of the NaHCO{sub 3} surface layer, the moisture input rate, and the residual sodium exposed surface area. At the end of carbonation, approximately 780 liters of residual sodium in the EBR-II primary tank ({approx}70% of original inventory), and just under 190 liters of residual sodium in the EBR-II secondary sodium system ({approx}50% of original inventory), were converted into NaHCO{sub 3}. No bare surfaces of residual sodium remained after treatment, and all remaining residual sodium deposits are covered by a layer of NaHCO{sub 3}. From a safety standpoint, the inventory of residual sodium in these systems was greatly reduced by using the carbonation process. From a regulatory standpoint, the process was not able to achieve deactivation of all residual sodium, and other more aggressive measures will be needed if the remaining residual sodium must also be deactivated to meet the requirements of the existing environmental permit. This chapter provides a project history and technical summary of the carbonation of EBR-II residual sodium. Options for future treatment are also discussed.

Sherman, S.; Knight, C.

2011-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

305

High Thermal Energy Storage Density LiNO3-NaNO3-KNO3-KNO2 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, High Thermal Energy Storage Density LiNO3-NaNO3-KNO3- KNO2 Quaternary Molten Salts for Parabolic Trough Solar Power Generation.

306

O processo de desenvolvimento da f e a constituio do self na primeira infncia, a partir de James William Fowler.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Este trabalho estuda o desenvolvimento da f e da constituio do self na primeira infncia a partir de James W. Fowler. um estudo psicolgico (more)

Maria Eliane Azevedo da Silva

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Maine" Maine" "Number of Entities",1,4,"NA",2,"NA",21,6,34 "Number of Retail Customers",34,10431,"NA",2540,"NA",777707,"NA",790712 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)","*",140,"NA",12,"NA",11380,"NA",11532 "Percentage of Retail Sales","*",1.21,"NA",0.1,"NA",98.69,"NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)","*",18,"NA",3,"NA",923,536,1481 "Percentage of Revenue","*",1.24,"NA",0.21,"NA",62.33,36.22,100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",12.79,13.11,"NA",26.52,"NA",8.11,4.71,12.84

308

Grant Title: WELLS FARGO GRANT PROGRAM Funding Opportunity Number: N/A  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Grant Title: WELLS FARGO GRANT PROGRAM Funding Opportunity Number: N/A Agency/Department: Wells: Organizations with tax-exempt status under Section 501(c)(3) of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code, as well as qualified tribal and governmental agencies, including public school systems. Summary: Wells Fargo makes

Farritor, Shane

309

The luminescence characteristics of CsI(Na) crystal under {alpha} and X/{gamma} excitation  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we study the effective decay time characteristic of CsI(Na) crystal under {sup 239}Pu alpha particle and {sup 137}Cs gamma-ray excitation using a single photon counting decay time measurement system. The measurement system employs a silicon optical fiber to couple and transit single photon. The slow decay time component of CsI(Na) crystal is 460-550 ns. We observe a 15 ns fast decay component under alpha particle excitation. In addition, we find that the primary stage of the falling edge in the decay time curve is non-exponential and drops rapidly when CsI(Na) crystal is excited by {sup 239}Pu alpha particles. Since the high density of self-trapped-excitons (STEs) is produced in alpha particle excitation process, we propose that the fast falling edge is corresponding to the quenching process of STEs which transit with non-radiation in the case of high excitation density. To prove this proposal, we excited the CsI(Na) crystal with sub-nanosecond intensive pulsed X-ray radiation. Our X-ray impinging results show that the fast falling edge also exists under low energy (average 100 keV) bremsstrahlung X-ray excitation.

Liu Jinliang [Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Radiation Detection Research Center, Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710024 (China); Liu Fang [Radiation Detection Research Center, Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710024 (China); School of Nuclear Science and Engineering, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206 (China); Ouyang Xiaoping [Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Radiation Detection Research Center, Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710024 (China); School of Nuclear Science and Engineering, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206 (China); Liu Bin [School of Nuclear Science and Engineering, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206 (China); Chen Liang; Ruan Jinlu; Zhang Zhongbing; Liu Jun [Radiation Detection Research Center, Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710024 (China)

2013-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

310

Electrical Conductivity of the KF-NaF- AlF3 Molten System at Low ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The electrical conductivity of the NaF-KF-AlF3 system at CR=1.3-1.7 was ... Experimental Investigation of Single Bubble Characteristics in a Cold Model of a ... Impact of Amperage Creep on Potroom Busbars and Electrical Insulation:...

311

Evaluation of NaK as the Primary Coolant for the SNAP II System  

SciTech Connect

An evaluation was made of the use of NaK as the primary coolant for the SNAP-2 system. Pumping-power limitations based on the mercury Rankine cycle are analyzed. Problems pertinent to any design-specification modifications are reviewed.

Wallerstedt, R.

1959-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

312

Temperature induced immiscibility in the NaCl?H[subscript 2]O system at high pressure  

SciTech Connect

High-pressure polymorphs of H{sub 2}O are a major component in many outer planets, extra solar bodies, and icy satellites. This study sought to examine the influence of ionic impurities on the phase stability, thermal expansion, and melting curve of ice VII. Powder diffraction patterns of ice VII formed from pure H{sub 2}O and 5 wt.% NaCl aqueous solutions were taken at room temperature up to 11.1 {+-} 0.3 and 26.6 {+-} 0.4 GPa, respectively. Thermal expansions, {alpha}, of all ice VII samples were recorded and modeled up to the melting point of the samples. Ice VII formed from a NaCl-bearing aqueous solution at pressures greater than 2.2 GPa and less than 500 K can be indexed by ice VII only, whereas at temperatures greater than 500 K, diffraction lines indicative of halite (NaCl) are observed and become more intense with increasing temperature and only disappear at the melting point of the high-pressure ice. This phenomenon was observed in all NaCl-bearing ice samples that were heated to greater than 500 K. The melting curves of ice VII formed from pure H{sub 2}O and a 5 wt.% NaCl aqueous solution suggest that the presence of Na{sup +} and Cl{sup -} in the ice VII structure results in a depression of the melting curve by approximately 40 K. The exsolution of halite from the NaCl-doped ice VII and the depression of the ice VII melting curve suggest that the presence of ionic impurities in ice VII may promote the formation of a self-segregating zone deep within ice-rich bodies. This zone could initiate the formation of solute-rich melt pockets that may ascend toward the surface and result in surface manifestations such as solute-bearing aqueous vents, unexplained domes/diapirism, and/or salt-rich regions.

Frank, M.R.; Scott, H.P.; Maglio, S.J.; Prakapenka, V.B.; Shen, G. (NIU); (CIW); (UC); (Indiana)

2008-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

313

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Missouri" Missouri" "Number of Entities",4,88,"NA",42,"NA","NA","NA",134 "Number of Retail Customers",1924813,425718,"NA",725133,"NA","NA","NA",3075664 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",59915,11224,"NA",14945,"NA","NA","NA",86085 "Percentage of Retail Sales",69.6,13.04,"NA",17.36,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",4429,934,"NA",1336,"NA","NA","NA",6699 "Percentage of Revenue",66.11,13.95,"NA",19.94,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",7.39,8.32,"NA",8.94,"NA","NA","NA",7.7

314

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Nebraska" Nebraska" "Number of Entities","NA",149,1,10,"NA","NA","NA",160 "Number of Retail Customers","NA",976956,16,23176,"NA","NA","NA",1000148 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)","NA",29059,164,626,"NA","NA","NA",29849 "Percentage of Retail Sales","NA",97.35,0.55,2.1,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)","NA",2170,5,69,"NA","NA","NA",2244 "Percentage of Revenue","NA",96.7,0.22,3.08,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)","NA",7.47,3.04,11.04,"NA","NA","NA",7.52

315

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Louisiana" Louisiana" "Number of Entities",5,21,"NA",13,"NA","NA","NA",39 "Number of Retail Customers",1670178,166576,"NA",428748,"NA","NA","NA",2265502 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",70785,4818,"NA",9477,"NA","NA","NA",85080 "Percentage of Retail Sales",83.2,5.66,"NA",11.14,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",5516,371,"NA",753,"NA","NA","NA",6640 "Percentage of Revenue",83.07,5.59,"NA",11.34,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",7.79,7.7,"NA",7.95,"NA","NA","NA",7.8

316

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Alaska" Alaska" "Number of Entities",18,35,"NA",18,"NA","NA","NA",71 "Number of Retail Customers",28274,58959,"NA",233917,"NA","NA","NA",321150 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",547,1654,"NA",4047,"NA","NA","NA",6247 "Percentage of Retail Sales",8.75,26.47,"NA",64.78,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",85,208,"NA",628,"NA","NA","NA",922 "Percentage of Revenue",9.26,22.6,"NA",68.14,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",15.62,12.61,"NA",15.53,"NA","NA","NA",14.76

317

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Carolina" Carolina" "Number of Entities",4,22,"NA",21,"NA","NA","NA",47 "Number of Retail Customers",1372753,337569,"NA",723822,"NA","NA","NA",2434144 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",51432,15241,"NA",15806,"NA","NA","NA",82479 "Percentage of Retail Sales",62.36,18.48,"NA",19.16,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",4184,1128,"NA",1692,"NA","NA","NA",7004 "Percentage of Revenue",59.73,16.11,"NA",24.16,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",8.13,7.4,"NA",10.71,"NA","NA","NA",8.49

318

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vermont" Vermont" "Number of Entities",3,15,"NA",2,"NA","NA","NA",20 "Number of Retail Customers",255597,54743,"NA",48338,"NA","NA","NA",358678 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",4310,787,"NA",498,"NA","NA","NA",5595 "Percentage of Retail Sales",77.04,14.06,"NA",8.9,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",548,113,"NA",79,"NA","NA","NA",741 "Percentage of Revenue",74.02,15.3,"NA",10.68,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",12.72,14.41,"NA",15.89,"NA","NA","NA",13.2

319

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Iowa" Iowa" "Number of Entities",3,137,"NA",43,"NA","NA","NA",183 "Number of Retail Customers",1121691,208973,"NA",221491,"NA","NA","NA",1552155 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",33951,5306,"NA",6189,"NA","NA","NA",45445 "Percentage of Retail Sales",74.71,11.67,"NA",13.62,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",2491,425,"NA",563,"NA","NA","NA",3480 "Percentage of Revenue",71.6,12.21,"NA",16.19,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",7.34,8.01,"NA",9.1,"NA","NA","NA",7.66

320

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Virginia" Virginia" "Number of Entities",4,16,"NA",13,"NA","NA","NA",33 "Number of Retail Customers",2952979,154234,"NA",577077,"NA","NA","NA",3684290 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",95742,5043,"NA",13021,"NA","NA","NA",113806 "Percentage of Retail Sales",84.13,4.43,"NA",11.44,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",8067,437,"NA",1389,"NA","NA","NA",9894 "Percentage of Revenue",81.54,4.42,"NA",14.04,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",8.43,8.67,"NA",10.67,"NA","NA","NA",8.69

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1989-2013 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

West Virginia" West Virginia" "Number of Entities",5,2,"NA",3,"NA","NA","NA",10 "Number of Retail Customers",1004027,3427,"NA",10052,"NA","NA","NA",1017506 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",31836,68,"NA",128,"NA","NA","NA",32032 "Percentage of Retail Sales",99.39,0.21,"NA",0.4,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",2362,6,"NA",18,"NA","NA","NA",2386 "Percentage of Revenue",99,0.26,"NA",0.74,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",7.42,9.29,"NA",13.82,"NA","NA","NA",7.45

322

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Wisconsin" Wisconsin" "Number of Entities",12,82,"NA",24,"NA","NA","NA",118 "Number of Retail Customers",2404281,276489,"NA",256830,"NA","NA","NA",2937600 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",57184,7759,"NA",3810,"NA","NA","NA",68752 "Percentage of Retail Sales",83.17,11.28,"NA",5.54,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",5583,691,"NA",450,"NA","NA","NA",6723 "Percentage of Revenue",83.04,10.28,"NA",6.69,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",9.76,8.91,"NA",11.8,"NA","NA","NA",9.78

323

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Georgia" Georgia" "Number of Entities",1,53,"NA",43,"NA","NA","NA",97 "Number of Retail Customers",2359765,338414,"NA",1917626,"NA","NA","NA",4615805 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",87160,12061,"NA",41450,"NA","NA","NA",140672 "Percentage of Retail Sales",61.96,8.57,"NA",29.47,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",7509,1014,"NA",3959,"NA","NA","NA",12481 "Percentage of Revenue",60.16,8.13,"NA",31.72,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",8.61,8.41,"NA",9.55,"NA","NA","NA",8.87

324

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Hawaii" Hawaii" "Number of Entities",3,"NA","NA",1,1,"NA","NA",5 "Number of Retail Customers",443236,"NA","NA",32482,15,"NA","NA",475733 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",9579,"NA","NA",435,3,"NA","NA",10017 "Percentage of Retail Sales",95.63,"NA","NA",4.34,0.03,"NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",2361,"NA","NA",155,"*","NA","NA",2516 "Percentage of Revenue",93.83,"NA","NA",6.16,"*","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",24.64,"NA","NA",35.69,1.7,"NA","NA",25.12

325

New York Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

94 11.57 12.82 15.94 18.40 18.73 1989-2013 Commercial Average Price 8.38 8.32 8.27 8.38 7.91 6.66...

326

New York Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Prices (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet, except where noted) ... History; Citygate Price: 5.88: 7.95: 9.33: 9.09: 8.61: 7.81: 1989-2013: ...

327

Florida Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Prices (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet, except where noted) ... History; Citygate Price: 4.79: 4.68: 4.54: 4.47: 4.26: 4.33: 1989-2013: ...

328

California Natural Gas Prices - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Prices (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet, except where noted) ... History; Citygate Price: 4.58: 4.57: 4.65: 4.20: 3.94: 3.73: 1989-2013: ...

329

Pennsylvania Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Prices (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet, except where noted) ... History; Citygate Price: 6.14: 7.58: 8.34: 7.51: 7.39: 6.16: 1989-2013: ...

330

Illinois Natural Gas Prices - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Prices (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet, except where noted) ... History; Citygate Price: 4.11: 4.14: 4.42: 5.23: 4.70: 4.82: 1989-2013: Residential Price ...

331

Pennsylvania Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 10.55 11.24 13.80 16.87 19.85 1989-2013 Commercial Average Price 9.51 9.87 10.27 11.46 12.38 12.89...

332

Natural Gas Imports Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History U.S. 3.98 3.95 3.90 3.41 3.17 3.48 1989-2013...

333

Metastability And Crystal Structure of The Bialkali Complex Metal Hydride NaK(BH4)2  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A new bialkali borohydride, NaK(BH{sub 4}){sub 2}, was synthesized by mechanical milling of NaBH4 and KBH4 in a 1:1 ratio. The synthesis was conducted based on a prediction from a computational screening of hydrogen storage materials suggesting the potential stability of NaK(BH{sub 4}){sub 2}. The new phase was characterized using X-ray diffraction, Raman scattering and magic angle spinning (MAS) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). The Raman measurements indicated B-H vibrations of the (BH{sub 4}){sup -} anion, while magnetic resonance chemical shifts in {sup 23}Na, and {sup 39}K MAS NMR spectra showed new chemical environments for Na and K resulting from the formation of the new bialkali phase. X-ray diffraction spectra indicated a new crystal structure with rhombohedral symmetry, most likely in the space group R3, distinct from the starting materials NaBH{sub 4}, and KBH{sub 4}. Although in-situ XRD measurements indicated the material to be metastable, decomposing to the starting materials NaBH{sub 4} and KBH{sub 4}, the successful synthesis of NaK(BH{sub 4}){sub 2} demonstrates the ability of computational screening to predict candidates for hydrogen storage materials.

Seballos, L; Zhang, J Z; Ronnebro, E; Herberg, J L; Majzoub, E H

2008-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

334

Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

392,735 247,066 167,524 135,612 135,842 136,886 1973-2013 Alabama 3,091 1,467 1,294 1,243 1,094 1,189 1989-2013 Alaska 2,055 1,505 1,068 495 482 573 1989-2013 Arizona 3,239 2,508...

335

Sodium (Na)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...Ionization state Potential, eV I 5.139 II 47.286 III 71.64 IV 98.91 V 138.39 VI 172.15 VII 208.47 VIII 264.18 IX 299.87 X 1465.091 XI 1648.659...

336

Consistent Data Assimilation of Structural Isotopes: 23Na and 56Fe  

SciTech Connect

A new approach is proposed, the consistent data assimilation, that allows to link the integral data experiment results to basic nuclear parameters employed by evaluators to generate ENDF/B point energy files in order to improve them. Practical examples are provided for the structural materials 23Na and 56Fe. The sodium neutron propagation experiments, EURACOS and JANUS-8, are used to improve via modifications of 23Na nuclear parameters (like scattering radius, resonance parameters, Optical model parameters, Statistical Hauser-Feshbach model parameters, and Preequilibrium Exciton model parameters) the agreement of calculation versus experiments for a series of measured reaction rate detectors slopes. For the 56Fe case the EURACOS and ZPR3 assembly 54 are used. Results have shown inconsistencies in the set of nuclear parameters used so that further investigation is needed. Future work involves comparison of results against a more traditional multigroup adjustments, and extension to other isotope of interest in the reactor community.

Giuseppe Palmiotti

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

MHK Projects/University of Manchester Phase 1 and 2 NaREC | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

University of Manchester Phase 1 and 2 NaREC University of Manchester Phase 1 and 2 NaREC < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":55.1294,"lon":-1.50652,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

338

2011 Annual Workforce Analysis and Staffing Plan Report - NNSA HQ NA-10  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

printed 2/17/2012 2:23:00 PM Page 1 of 8 printed 2/17/2012 2:23:00 PM Page 1 of 8 Annual Workforce Analysis and Staffing Plan Report As of December 31, 2011 Reporting Office: NNSA NA-10 HQ (including NA-15 inputs) Section One: Current Mission(s) of the Organization and Potential Changes NNSA Mission: To strengthen United States security through the military application of nuclear energy. NNSA Vision: To be an integrated nuclear security enterprise operating an efficient and agile nuclear weapons complex, recognized as preeminent in technical leadership and program management. Organizational Changes: NNSA is in the final phase of re-organizing. This plan reflects known changes that resulted from the elimination of the ABQ Service Center and re-distribution of the functions and personnel, some of whom were part of the TQP Program. The plan has also

339

MHK Projects/Ocean Navitas NaREC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Navitas NaREC Navitas NaREC < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":55.1294,"lon":-1.50652,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

340

OFFICE OF CIVIL RIGHTS NA-1.2 VIDEO LIBRARY Item Title  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

OFFICE OF CIVIL RIGHTS NA-1.2 OFFICE OF CIVIL RIGHTS NA-1.2 VIDEO LIBRARY Item # Title # of copies DVD / CD Length Year Publisher 1 A Clear Picture - Harassment in the Public Sector- Una Imagen Clara Acosoen el Sector Publico 1 DVD 2008 Coastal Training Technologies Corp. A Dupont Company 2 Harassment Hurts: It's Personal 1 DVD 16 min 2009 ATS Media 3 Harassment Is .. (government version) 1 DVD 21 min 2005 Coastal Training Technologies Corp. A Dupont Company 4 Harassment Made Simple 1 DVD 6 min 2011 TrainingABC 5 Harassment Training for Supervisors: Let's Face It. Capacitaci ón contra el Hostigamiento para Supervisores Enfrent émoslo 1 DVD 58 min 2007 Coastal Training Technologies Corp. A Dupont Company 6 It's UP to You: Stopping Sexual Harassment for Managers 1 DVD 27 min 2005 ATS Media 7 OpenLines: Exploring Harassment

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1989-2013 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Spectral Content of 22Na/44Ti Decay Data: Implications for a Solar Influence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report a reanalysis of data on the measured decay rate ratio $^{22}$Na/$^{44}$Ti which were originally published by Norman et al., and interpreted as supporting the conventional hypothesis that nuclear decay rates are constant and not affected by outside influences. We find upon a more detailed analysis of both the amplitude and the phase of the Norman data that they actually favor the presence of an annual variation in $^{22}$Na/$^{44}$Ti, albeit weakly. Moreover, this conclusion holds for a broad range of parameters describing the amplitude and phase of an annual sinusoidal variation in these data. The results from this and related analyses underscore the growing importance of phase considerations in understanding the possible influence of the Sun on nuclear decays. Our conclusions with respect to the phase of the Norman data are consistent with independent analyses of solar neutrino data obtained at Super-Kamiokande-I and the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO).

Daniel O'Keefe; Brittany L. Morreale; Robert H. Lee; John B. Buncher; Ephraim Fischbach; Tom Gruenwald; Jere H. Jenkins; Daniel Javorsek II; Peter A. Sturrock

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

342

High Density Hydrogen Storage System Demonstration Using NaAlH4 Based Complex Compound Hydrides  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This final report describes the motivations, activities and results of the hydrogen storage independent project "High Density Hydrogen Storage System Demonstration Using NaAlH4 Based Complex Compound Hydrides" performed by the United Technologies Research Center under the Department of Energy Hydrogen Program, contract # DE-FC36-02AL67610. The objectives of the project were to identify and address the key systems technologies associated with applying complex hydride materials, particularly ones which differ from those for conventional metal hydride based storage. This involved the design, fabrication and testing of two prototype systems based on the hydrogen storage material NaAlH4. Safety testing, catalysis studies, heat exchanger optimization, reaction kinetics modeling, thermochemical finite element analysis, powder densification development and material neutralization were elements included in the effort.

Daniel A. Mosher; Xia Tang; Ronald J. Brown; Sarah Arsenault; Salvatore Saitta; Bruce L. Laube; Robert H. Dold; Donald L. Anton

2007-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

343

The use Na, Li, K cations for modification of ZSM-5 zewolite to control hydrocarbon cold-start emission  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper addresses the problem of controlling hydrocarbon emissions from cold-start of engines by investigating the adsorbents which could adsorb the hydrocarbons at cold temperatures and hold them to 250-300 ?. The materials, that has been studied, are based on the modification of ZSM-5 (SiO{sub 2}/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} = 35) zeolite with Li, K, Na cations. It has been shown that the introduction of Li, Na and K in an amount that is equivalent to the content of Al in zeolite results in occurrence of toluene temperature desorption peaks at high-temperatures. The toluene temperature desorption curves for 5%Li-ZSM-5 and 2.3%Na-ZSM-5 zeolites are identical and have peak toluene desorption rate between 200 to 400 ?. Upon analysis of toluene adsorption isotherms for 2.3%Na-ZSM-5 and 5%Li-ZSM-5, it was concluded that the toluene diffusion inside of the modified zeolites channels is extremely slow and the sorption capacity of 2.3%Na-ZSM-5 is higher than with 5%Li-ZSM-5. The 2.3%Na-ZSM-5 didn't change toluene temperature programmed desorption (TPD) rate of curve after the treatment in environment with 10% ?{sub 2}? at 750-800 ? for about 28 h. The 2.3%Na-ZSM-5 zeolite is very promising as adsorbent to control the cold-start hydrocarbon emissions.

Golubeva V.; Rohatgi U.; Korableva, A.; Anischenko, O.; Kustov, L.; Nissenbaum, V; Viola, M.B.

2012-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

344

Honeywell FM&T, LLC Contract No. DE-NA0000622  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

FM&T, LLC FM&T, LLC Contract No. DE-NA0000622 Modification No. 016 Page 2 of 10 1. Part II - Contract Clauses. The following Section I clause is revised and replaced in its entirety as follows: I-11 52.204-4 PRINTED OR COPIED DOUBLE-SIDED ON POSTCONSUMER FIBER CONTENT PAPER (MAY 2011) (a) Definitions. As used in this clause- "Postconsumer fiber" means- (1) Paper, paperboard, and fibrous materials from retail stores, office

345

1 MW / 7.2 MWh NaS Battery Demonstration and Case Study Update  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The New York Power Authority (NYPA), working together with the Metropolitan Transit Authority Long Island Bus (LIB) Company, has installed an advanced sodium sulfur battery energy storage system (NaS BESS) at the LIB facility located at 700 Commercial Avenue, Garden City, New York. The BESS is capable of providing a nominal 1MW of power to the bus fueling compressor station for 6-8 hours per day, 7 days per week.

2009-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

346

High-statistics measurement of the beta-delayed alpha spectrum of 20Na  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A measurement of the 20Na beta-delayed alpha spectrum with a high-granularity set-up has allowed the decay scheme to be revised on several points. Three new transitions of low intensity are found at low alpha-particle energy. An R-matrix fit of the complete spectrum gives an improved description of the decay and indicates feeding to the broad 2^+ alpha-cluster state close to 9 MeV.

K. L. Laursen; O. S. Kirsebom; H. O. U. Fynbo; A. Jokinen; M. Madurga; K. Riisager.; A. Saastamoinen; O. Tengblad; J. ysto

2013-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

347

Efficiency Calibration Using HEU Standards of 2-Inch by 2-Inch NaI Detector  

SciTech Connect

The Analytical Development Section of SRTC was requested by the Facilities Disposition Division (FDD) to determine the holdup of highly enriched uranium (HEU) in the 321-M facility as part of an overall deactivation project of the facility. The 321-M facility was used to fabricate enriched uranium fuel assemblies, lithium-aluminum target tubes, neptunium assemblies, and miscellaneous components for the production reactors. The facility also includes the 324-M storage building and the passageway connecting it to 321-M. The results of the holdup assays are essential for determining compliance with the solid waste Waste Acceptance Criteria, Material Control and Accountability, and to meet criticality safety controls. Two measurement systems will be used to determine HEU holdup: One is a portable EG and G Dart system that contains Gamma-Vision software to support a Multichannel Analyzer (MCA) card, high voltage power, and space to store and manipulate multiple 4096-channel gamma-ray spect ra. The other is a 2-inch x 2-inch NaI crystal with an MCA that uses a portable computer with a Canberra NaI plus card installed. This card converts the PC to a full function MCA and contains the ancillary electronics, high voltage power supply and amplifier, required for data acquisition. This report will discuss the calibration of the 2-inch x 2-inch NaI detector.

Dewberry, R. A.

2000-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

348

NMR Study of the Magnetic and Metal-Insulator Transitions in Na0:5CoO2: A Nesting Scenario J. Bobroff,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NMR Study of the Magnetic and Metal-Insulator Transitions in Na0:5CoO2: A Nesting Scenario J, France (Received 22 July 2005; published 13 March 2006) Co and Na NMR are used to probe the local have performed a 59Co and 23Na NMR study which allows us to differentiate the two Co sites and to give

Paris-Sud 11, Université de

349

Crystal structure of new synthetic Ca,Na carbonate-borate Ca{sub 2}Na(Na{sub x}Ca{sub 0.5-x})[B{sub 3}{sup t}B{sub 2}{sup {delta}}O{sub 8}(OH)(O{sub 1-x}OH{sub x})](CO{sub 3})  

SciTech Connect

New Ca,Na carbonate-borate Ca{sub 2}Na(Na{sub x}Ca{sub 0.5-x}) [B{sub 3}{sup t}B{sub 2}{sup {Delta}}O{sub 8}(OH)(O{sub 1-x}OH{sub x})](CO{sub 3}) crystals (x {approx} 0.4) have been synthesized by the hydrothermal method in the Ca(OH){sub 2}-H{sub 3}BO{sub 3}-Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3}-NaCl-system at t = 250 Degree-Sign C and P = 70-80 atm; the structure parameters are found to be a = 11.1848(3) Angstrom-Sign , b = 6.4727(2) Angstrom-Sign , c = 25.8181(7) Angstrom-Sign , {beta} = 96.364(3) Degree-Sign , V = 1857.60(9) Angstrom-Sign {sup 3}, sp. gr. C2/c, Z = 8, and {rho}{sub calcd} = 2.801 g/cm{sup 3} (Xcalibur S autodiffractometer (CCD), 2663 reflections with I > 2{sigma} (I), direct solution, refinement by the least-squares method in the anisotropic approximation of thermal atomic vibrations, hydrogen localization, R{sub 1} = 0.0387). The structure is based on boron-oxygen layers of pentaborate radicals 5(2{Delta} + 3T). Ca and Na polyhedra and CO{sub 3} triangles are located between the layers. A crystallochemical analysis of the new Ca,Na carbonate-borate has established its similarity to natural Na,Ca pentaborates (heidornite and tuzlaite) and synthetic Na,Ba-decaborate.

Yamnova, N. A., E-mail: natalia-yamnova@yandex.ru; Borovikova, E. Yu.; Gurbanova, O. A.; Dimitrova, O. V.; Zubkova, N. V. [Moscow State University (Russian Federation)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

350

Precision mass measurements of very short-lived, neutron-rich Na isotopes using a radiofrequency spectrometer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mass measurements of high precision have been performed on sodium isotopes out to $^{30}$Na using a new technique of radiofrequency excitation of ion trajectories in a homogeneous magnetic field. This method, especially suited to very short-lived nuclides, has allowed us to significantly reduce the uncertainty in mass of the most exotic Na isotopes: a relative error of 5\\audi was achieved for $^{28}$Na having a half-life of only 30.5 ms and 9\\audi for the weakly produced $^{30}$Na. Verifying and minimizing binding energy uncertainties in this region of the nuclear chart is important for clarification of a long standing problem concerning the strength of the $N~=~20$ magic shell closure. These results are the fruit of the commissioning of the new experimental program Mistral.

Lunney, M D; Doubre, H; Henry, S; Monsanglant, C; De Saint-Simon, M; Thibault, C; Toader, C F; Borcea, C; Bollen, G

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Electrochemical and structural characterization of titanium-substituted manganese oxides based on Na0.44MnO2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by heating them in a molten salt- mixture of 68-mol% LiNOtakes place during the molten salt exchange. Because the850 C. c) prepared by molten salt exchange of Na x Ti y Mn

Doeff, Marca M.; Richardson, Thomas J.; Hwang, Kwang-Taek

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Lasing on the D lines of sodium pumped by free{yields}free transitions of Na-Xe collision pairs  

SciTech Connect

Lasing on the D{sub 1} and D{sub 2} lines of Na (589.6 and 589.0 nm, respectively) has been generated simultaneously by photoexciting free{yields}free transitions of thermal Na-Xe collision pairs. Pumping the blue satellite of the Na D{sub 2} line in Na/Xe mixtures ({lambda} Almost-Equal-To 560 nm) selectively interacts with Na-Xe pairs having an instantaneous internuclear separation of {approx}5 A and culminates in the population of both Na (3{sup 2}P{sub J}) fine structure levels. The spectral width of the laser excitation spectrum is 1.3 nm (centered at 560.1 nm) and the 3{sup 2}P{sub 3/2}{yields}3{sup 2}S{sub 1/2} (D{sub 2}) laser linewidth was measured to be 9.2 {+-} 0.6 GHz, which is consistent with a coefficient of 18.4 MHz/Torr for broadening of the D{sub 2} 589.0 nm transition by Xe.

Hewitt, J. D.; Eden, J. G. [Laboratory for Optical Physics and Engineering, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States)

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

353

Effect of rare earth ions on the phase transition of Na sub 2 SO sub 4 crystals  

SciTech Connect

The V {r reversible} I phase transition of Na{sub 2}SO{sub 4} crystals was investigated on a sample of pure Na{sub 2}SO{sub 4} and on rare-earth ion (Ln{sup 3+} = La{sup 3+}, Eu{sup 3+}, Tm{sup 3+})-doped Na{sub 2}SO{sub 4} samples in various ambient gases (O{sub 2}, N{sub 2}, NH{sub 3}) with high temperature X-ray diffraction and differential thermal analysis. On heating in N{sub 2} flow, the initiating temperature for the V {yields} I transition was lowered by doping with Ln{sup 3+} ion and the doping effect was enhanced by an increase in the ionic size ratio r{sub Ln{sup 3+}}/r{sub Na{sup +}}. The low temperature form of the solid solution (LSS) Na{sub 2}SO{sub 4} and rare earth sulfate, which was a by-product in the preparation of the Ln{sup 3+}-doped samples, transformed to a high temperature form (HSS) after the V {yields} I transition, and the initiating temperature for the LSS {yields} HSS transition was highest in the Eu{sup 3+}-doped sample (r{sub Ln{sup 3+}}/r{sub Na{sup +}} {approx equal} 1).

Ohta, Masatoshi; Sakaguchi, Masakazu (Niigata Univ. (Japan))

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

NA-42 TI Shared Software Component Library FY2011 Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The NA-42 TI program initiated an effort in FY2010 to standardize its software development efforts with the long term goal of migrating toward a software management approach that will allow for the sharing and reuse of code developed within the TI program, improve integration, ensure a level of software documentation, and reduce development costs. The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) has been tasked with two activities that support this mission. PNNL has been tasked with the identification, selection, and implementation of a Shared Software Component Library. The intent of the library is to provide a common repository that is accessible by all authorized NA-42 software development teams. The repository facilitates software reuse through a searchable and easy to use web based interface. As software is submitted to the repository, the component registration process captures meta-data and provides version control for compiled libraries, documentation, and source code. This meta-data is then available for retrieval and review as part of library search results. In FY2010, PNNL and staff from the Remote Sensing Laboratory (RSL) teamed up to develop a software application with the goal of replacing the aging Aerial Measuring System (AMS). The application under development includes an Advanced Visualization and Integration of Data (AVID) framework and associated AMS modules. Throughout development, PNNL and RSL have utilized a common AMS code repository for collaborative code development. The AMS repository is hosted by PNNL, is restricted to the project development team, is accessed via two different geographic locations and continues to be used. The knowledge gained from the collaboration and hosting of this repository in conjunction with PNNL software development and systems engineering capabilities were used in the selection of a package to be used in the implementation of the software component library on behalf of NA-42 TI. The second task managed by PNNL is the development and continued maintenance of the NA-42 TI Software Development Questionnaire. This questionnaire is intended to help software development teams working under NA-42 TI in documenting their development activities. When sufficiently completed, the questionnaire illustrates that the software development activities recorded incorporate significant aspects of the software engineering lifecycle. The questionnaire template is updated as comments are received from NA-42 and/or its development teams and revised versions distributed to those using the questionnaire. PNNL also maintains a list of questionnaire recipients. The blank questionnaire template, the AVID and AMS software being developed, and the completed AVID AMS specific questionnaire are being used as the initial content to be established in the TI Component Library. This report summarizes the approach taken to identify requirements, search for and evaluate technologies, and the approach taken for installation of the software needed to host the component library. Additionally, it defines the process by which users request access for the contribution and retrieval of library content.

Knudson, Christa K.; Rutz, Frederick C.; Dorow, Kevin E.

2011-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

355

Improved container electrode coatings for Na/S battery systems. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Current sodium sulfur (Na/S) battery systems utilize the fast ion conducting properties of sodium beta{double_prime}-alumina electrolyte (BASE) to create high energy density sodium-sulfur electrochemical cells which can be used as components of secondary batteries. Since the days when these cells were invented at the Ford Motor Company Scientific Laboratory by J.T. Kummer and N. Weber, problems with container electrode corrosion have troubled the Na/S systems that have been developed in the many laboratories. In an unpublished investigation carried out at the Ford Motor Company laboratory, it was shown that titanium nitride films sputter deposited onto aluminum substrates under the appropriate conditions can exhibit excellent resistance to corrosion by sodium polysulfide melts. In the work carried out here, the corrosion resistant properties of TiN coatings sputter deposited on Al substrates have been investigated. TiN sputter coated aluminum samples were tested under static conditions in sodium sulfide melts and in Na/S cells under the range of electrochemical conditions needed for battery operation. The sputter deposited coatings produced in these experiments exhibited satisfactory corrosion resistance in the static tests but degraded under full cell operation. Tests of TiN coatings deposited by reactive ion-plating (IP), a common commercial process, showed excellent corrosion and electrical performance in both static and complete cell testing. Charge/discharge testing of sulfur core cells with IP coatings for over 350 cycles to 70 % depth of discharge has shown only very minor changes in cell performance and the tests are continuing.

Hunt, T.K. [Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Applications Development Dept.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Preparations for EUV interferometry of the 0.3 NA MET optic  

SciTech Connect

An at-wavelength interferometer is being created for the measurement and alignment of the 0.3 numerical aperture Micro Exposure Tool projection optic at EUV wavelengths. The prototype MET system promises to provide early learning from EUV lithographic imaging down to 20-nm feature size. The threefold increase to 0.3 NA in the image-side numerical aperture presents several challenges for the extension of ultra-high-accuracy interferometry, including pinhole fabrication and the calibration and removal of systematic error sources.

Goldberg, Kenneth A.; Naulleau, Patrick P.; Denham, Paul E.; Rekawa, Senajith B.; Jackson, Keith H.; Liddle, J. Alexander; Harteneck, Bruce; Gullikson, Eric; Anderson, Erik H.

2003-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

357

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Rhode Island" Rhode Island" "Number of Entities",2,1,"NA","NA","NA",11,1,15 "Number of Retail Customers",475431,4544,"NA","NA","NA",9288,"NA",489263 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",5298,54,"NA","NA","NA",2447,"NA",7799 "Percentage of Retail Sales",67.93,0.69,"NA","NA","NA",31.38,"NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",784,8,"NA","NA","NA",207,99,1098 "Percentage of Revenue",71.45,0.7,"NA","NA","NA",18.85,9,100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",14.81,14.31,"NA","NA","NA",8.46,4.04,14.08

358

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Idaho" Idaho" "Number of Entities",3,11,1,17,1,"NA","NA",33 "Number of Retail Customers",665720,43314,"-",82997,1,"NA","NA",792032 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",19599,1097,"-",1992,110,"NA","NA",22798 "Percentage of Retail Sales",85.97,4.81,"-",8.74,0.48,"NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",1286,65,"-",137,4,"NA","NA",1492 "Percentage of Revenue",86.19,4.36,"-",9.21,0.24,"NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",6.56,5.93,"-",6.9,3.24,"NA","NA",6.54

359

Electronic Reconstruction through the Structural and Magnetic Transitions in Detwinned NaFeAs  

SciTech Connect

We use angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy to study twinned and detwinned iron pnictide compound NaFeAs. Distinct signatures of electronic reconstruction are observed to occur at the structural (T{sub S}) and magnetic (T{sub SDW}) transitions. At T{sub S}, C{sub 4} rotational symmetry is broken in the form of an anisotropic shift of the orthogonal d{sub xz} and d{sub yz} bands. The magnitude of this orbital anisotropy rapidly develops to near completion upon approaching T{sub SDW}, at which temperature band folding occurs via the antiferromagnetic ordering wave vector. Interestingly, the anisotropic band shift onsetting at T{sub S} develops in such a way to enhance the nesting conditions in the C{sub 2} symmetric state, hence is intimately correlated with the long range collinear AFM order. Furthermore, the similar behaviors of the electronic reconstruction in NaFeAs and Ba(Fe{sub 1-x}Co{sub x}){sub 2}As{sub 2} suggests that this rapid development of large orbital anisotropy between T{sub S} and T{sub SDW} is likely a general feature of the electronic nematic phase in the iron pnictides, and the associated orbital fluctuations may play an important role in determining the ground state properties.

Yi, M.; Lu, D.H.; Moore, R.G.; Kihou, K; Lee, C-H; Iyo, A.; Eisaki, H.; Yoshida, T; Fujimori, A; Shen, Z-X

2012-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

360

Thermodynamic modeling of neptunium(V)-acetate complexation in concentrated NaCl media  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The complexation of neptunium(V), Np(V), with the acetate anion, Ac{sup -}, was measured in sodium chloride media to high concentration using an extraction technique. The data were interpreted using the thermodynamic formalism of Pitzer, which is valid to high electrolyte concentrations. A consistent model for the deprotonation constants of acetic acid in NaCl and NaClO{sub 4} media was developed. For the concentrations of acetate expected in a waste repository, only the neutral complex NpO{sub 2}Ac(aq) was important in describing the interactions between the neptunyl ion and acetate. The thermodynamic stability constant log {beta}{sup 0}{sub 101} for the reaction NpO{sub 2}{sup +} + Ac{sup -} {leftrightarrow} NpO{sub 2}Ac was calculated to be 1.46{plus_minus}0.11. This weak complexing behavior between the neptunyl ion and acetate indicates that acetate will not significantly enhance dissolved Np(V) concentrations in ground waters associated with nuclear waste repositories that may contain acetate.

Novak, C.F.; Borkowski, M.; Choppin, G.R.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1989-2013 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Thin Porous Metal Sheet-Supported NaA Zeolite Membrane for Water/Ethanol Separation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports preparation and separation testing results of water-selective zeolite membrane, such as NaA (or 4A-type), supported on a robust, porous metal sheet of 50um thickness. The thin sheet support is of large potential for development of a low-cost, inorganic membrane module of high surface area packing density. The porous Ni alloy sheet of micrometer or sub-micrometer mean pore size, which was prepared by a proprietary process, is used to evaluate different zeolite membrane deposition methods and conditions. The membranes are characterized by SEM, XRD and water/ethanol separation tests. Quality NaA zeolite membrane at thickness ethanol separation factor of >10,000 and water permeation flux of about 4 kg/(m2h) at 75C with a feed of 10wt% water in ethanol. The membrane is also demonstrated with good stability in 66-hour continuous testing at 75C and 90C.

Zhang, Jian; Liu, Wei

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",30357,46998,6787,3975,"NA",2263,"NA",90380 "Percentage of Retail Sales",33.59,52,7.51,4.4,"NA",2.5,"NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales...

363

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",55060,23624,"NA",204,233,65504,"NA",144624 "Percentage of Retail Sales",38.07,16.33,"NA",0.14,0.16,45.29,"NA",100 "Revenue from Retail...

364

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",87335,10029,"NA",7813,153,48816,"NA",154145 "Percentage of Retail Sales",56.66,6.51,"NA",5.07,0.1,31.67,"NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales...

365

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",30115,8791,108,13703,201,"NA","NA",52918 "Percentage of Retail Sales",56.91,16.61,0.2,25.89,0.38,"NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales...

366

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",43321,9562,57,14095,765,"NA","NA",67800 "Percentage of Retail Sales",63.9,14.1,0.08,20.79,1.13,"NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales...

367

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",64250,6888,"NA",6288,465,66870,"NA",144761 "Percentage of Retail Sales",44.38,4.76,"NA",4.34,0.32,46.19,"NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales...

368

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",31029,8939,4,4554,"NA",1500,"NA",46026 "Percentage of Retail Sales",67.42,19.42,0.01,9.89,"NA",3.26,"NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales...

369

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",2240,71159,6832,23183,107,"NA","NA",103522 "Percentage of Retail Sales",2.16,68.74,6.6,22.39,0.1,"NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales...

370

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",6871,179,"NA",657,6,3177,"NA",10890 "Percentage of Retail Sales",63.1,1.64,"NA",6.03,0.05,29.17,"NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales...

371

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",48953,1204,"NA",155,170,28697,"NA",79179 "Percentage of Retail Sales",61.83,1.52,"NA",0.2,0.21,36.24,"NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales...

372

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",6495,17,422,3870,"NA",2620,"NA",13423 "Percentage of Retail Sales",48.38,0.12,3.14,28.83,"NA",19.52,"NA",100 "Revenue from Retail...

373

Examination and experimental constraints of the stellar reaction rate factor $N_A $ of the $^{18}$Ne($?$,$p$)$^{21}$Na reaction at temperatures of X-Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The $^{18}$Ne($\\alpha$,$p$)$^{21}$Na reaction is one key for the break-out from the hot CNO-cycles to the $rp$-process. Recent papers have provided reaction rate factors $N_A $ which are discrepant by at least one order of magnitude. The compatibility of the latest experimental results is tested, and a partial explanation for the discrepant $N_A$ is given. A new rate factor is derived from the combined analysis of all available data. The new rate factor is located slightly below the higher rate factor by Matic {\\it et al.}\\ at low temperatures and significantly below at higher temperatures whereas it is about a factor of five higher than the lower rate factor recently published by Salter {\\it et al.}

P. Mohr; A. Matic

2013-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

374

Methods to study event-by-event fluctuations in the NA61/SHINE experiment at the CERN SPS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Theoretical calculations locate the critical point (CP) of strongly interacting matter at energies accessible at the CERN SPS. Event-by-event transverse momentum and multiplicity fluctuations are considered as one of the most important tools to search for the CP. Pilot studies of the energy dependence and the system size dependence of both p{sub T} and multiplicity fluctuations were performed by the NA49 experiment. The NA61/SHINE ion program is a continuation of these efforts. After briefly recalling the essential NA49 results on fluctuations we will discuss the technical methods (removing Non-Target interactions) which we plan to apply for future transverse momentum and multiplicity fluctuation analyses.

Cetner, T., E-mail: Tomasz.Cetner@cern.ch; Grebieszkow, K., E-mail: kperl@if.pw.edu.pl [Warsaw University of Technology, Faculty of Physics (Poland)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

375

Los Alamos National Security, LLC Contract No. DE-AC52-06NA25396  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Los Alamos National Security, LLC Los Alamos National Security, LLC Contract No. DE-AC52-06NA25396 Attachment to Modification No. 150 PART III - SECTION J APPENDIX G October 5, 2010 [Modified by Modification No. A009, A015, A018, A019, A021, A027, M033, M041, M042, M046, M056, M062, M069, M078, M103, M133, 150] LIST OF APPLICABLE DIRECTIVES In addition to the list of applicable directives listed below, the Contractor shall also comply with supplementary directives, (e.g., manuals) which are invoked by a Contractor Requirements Document (CRD) attached to a directive. Electronic copies of these documents are available at the following Websites: http://directives.doe.gov/cqi-bin/currentchecklist http://www.directives,doe.gov/directives/globesearch-adv.html http://www.nnsa.doe.gov/

376

2011 Annual Workforce Analysis and Staffing Plan Report - NNSA HQ NA-70  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Annual Workforce Analysis and Staffing Plan Report Annual Workforce Analysis and Staffing Plan Report As of December 31, 2011 Reporting Office: NNSA NA-70 Section One: Current Mission(s) of the Organization and Potential Changes 1. DNS is the NNSA line management organization responsible for security direction and program management with respect to prioritization of resources, program evaluation, and funding allocation. Key management areas include security operations, resources, engineering, and technical support to NNSA field elements and facilities. Specific subject matter expertise also includes physical and personnel security, protective forces, nuclear materials control and accountability, classified and sensitive information protection, and technical security programs. DNS evaluates the status of protection programs at all NNSA facilities against National policy and

377

High Density Hydrogen Storage Systems Demonstration Using NaAIH4  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Density Hydrogen Storage Density Hydrogen Storage System Demonstration Using NaAlH 4 Complex Compound Hydrides D. Mosher, X. Tang, S. Arsenault, B. Laube, M. Cao, R. Brown, S. Saitta, J. Costello United Technologies Research Center East Hartford, Connecticut Report to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Contract Number: DE-FC36-02AL-67610 December 19, 2006 * * Presented to the DOE and the FreedomCAR & Fuel Partnership Hydrogen Storage Tech Team This presentation does not contain proprietary or confidential information 2 Overview Objective: Identify and overcome the critical technical barriers in developing complex hydride based storage systems, especially those which differ from conventional metal hydride systems, to meet DOE system targets. Approach: Design, fabricate and test a sequence of subscale and full scale

378

2012 Annual Workforce Analysis and Staffing Plan Report - NNSA NA-70  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 7 Annual Workforce Analysis and Staffing Plan Report As of December 31, 2012 Reporting Office: NNSA NA-70 Section One: Current Mission(s) of the Organization and Potential Changes The DNS core mission is to protect NNSA capabilities, facilities, materials, information, and employees. DNS is responsible for managing and funding the security that supports the NNSA missions, with the exception of those missions under the Office of Naval Reactors and the Office of Secure Transportation's (OST) over-the-road operations. DNS also provides unique knowledge and expertise in nuclear security for a broader set of 21st century national security needs that are synergistic with its mission, such as those in nuclear non-proliferation, homeland security, and intelligence. DNS provides the overall

379

Nuclear Sturcture Along the Neutron Dripline: MoNa-LISA and the dinueutron system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nuclei with extreme neutron-to-proton ratios were found to present different structures from what was known for the stable ones. With the current facilities we can now study nuclei that lie even beyond the neutron drip line. At the National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory at Michigan State University we use the MoNA/Sweeper setup to perform such studies of neutron unbound nuclei. In a typical experiment, a radioactive beam is employed to produce the nucleus of interest. This unbound nucleus immediately decays into a neutron and a remaining charged fragment, both of which are detected and used to reconstruct the original nucleus and study its properties. In this Colloquium, new exciting findings from recent experiments will be presented. These include the first observation of a dineutron decay from 16Be, the exploration of the south shore of the Island of Inversion and the first evidence of the decay of the troubling nucleus 26O.

Spyou, Artemis [Michigan State Univeristy

2012-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

380

The Large-Angle Photon Veto System for the NA62 Experiment at CERN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AbstractThe branching ratio (BR) for the decay K + ? ? + ? ? is a sensitive probe for new physics. The NA62 experiment at the CERN SPS will measure this BR to within about 10%. To reject the dominant background from channels with final state photons, the large-angle vetoes (LAVs) must detect photons of energy as low as 200 MeV with an inefficiency of less than 10 ?4, as well as provide energy and time measurements with resolutions of 10 % and 1 ns for 1 GeV photons. The LAV detectors make creative reuse of lead glass blocks recycled from the OPAL electromagnetic calorimeter barrel. We describe the mechanical design and challenges faced during construction, the characterization of the lead glass blocks and solutions adopted for monitoring their performance, and the development of front-end electronics to allow simultaneous time and energy measurements over an extended dynamic range using the time-over-threshold

F. Ambrosino; B. Angelucci; A. Antonelli; F. Costantini; R. Fantechi; S. Gallorini; S. Giudici; E. Leonardi; I. Mannelli; P. Massarotti; M. Moulson; M. Napolitano; V. Palladino; F. Rafaelli; M. Raggi; G. Saracino; M. Serra; T. Spadaro; P. Valente; S. Venditti; F. Ambrosino; P. Massarotti; M. Napolitano

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1989-2013 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Discrete Properties of Intrinsic Localized Modes Observed in the High Temperature Vibrational Spectrum of NaI  

SciTech Connect

Inelastic neutron measurements of the high temperature lattice excitations in NaI show surprising features. In thermal equilibrium at 555 K an intrinsic mode, localized in three dimensions, is observed at a single frequency near the center of the spectral phonon gap, polarized along [111]. At higher temperatures mixing between the intrinsic localized mode and the zone boundary TO mode is observed. Higher energy inelastic neutron and x-ray scattering measurements on a room temperature NaI crystal indicate that the creation energy of the ground state of the intrinsic localized mode is 299 meV.

Manley, M E; Sievers, A J; Lynn, J W; Kiselev, S A; Agladze, N I; Chen, Y; Llobet, A; Alatas, A

2008-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

382

X-ray and electron diffraction studies of superlattices and long-range three-dimensional Na ordering in gamma-Na[subscript x]CoO[subscript 2] (x=0.71 and 0.84)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have recently demonstrated that x=0.71 and 0.84 are the two most stable single-phase compounds above x=0.5 in gamma-Na[subscript x]CoO[subscript 2] [G. J. Shu et al., Phys. Rev. B 76, 184115 (2007); F. C. Chou et al., ...

Chou, F. C.

383

Use of the discrete variable representation in the quantum dynamics by a wave packet propagation: Predissociation of NaI(/sup 1/. sigma. /sup +//sub 0/). -->. NaI(0/sup +/). -->. Na(/sup 2/S)+I(/sup 2/P)  

SciTech Connect

Using the Gauss--Chebyshev discrete variable representation (DVR), the dissociative quantum dynamics for a wave packet evolving under the influence of the Hamiltonian for two interacting diabatic states of a diatomic molecule is calculated. The split time evolution operator method is used to obtain the solutions to the time-dependent Schroedinger equation. A specific example of the numerical calculation is shown for the predissociation process of NaI..-->..Na(/sup 2/S)+I(/sup 2/P) from its first excited electronic state (0/sup +/). The numerical results are compared with the experimental observations from the femtosecond laser photofragmentation, recently reported by Zewail and co-workers.

Choi, S.E.; Light, J.C.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Roles of double salt formation and NaNO{sub 3} in Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3}-promoted MgO absorbent for intermediate temperature CO{sub 2} removal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Absorption and desorption of carbon dioxide on Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3}-promoted MgO have been studied at temperatures compatible with warm gas cleanup (300470 ?C) from a pre-combustion syngas. The absorbents are synthesized through the formation and activation of the precipitate resulting from the addition of sodium carbonate to an aqueous solution of magnesium nitrate. The absorbent, which comprises MgO, Na{sub 2CO{sub 3} and residual NaNO{sub 3} after activation, forms the double salt Na{sub 2}Mg(CO{sub 3}){sub 2} on exposure to CO{sub 2}. The thermodynamic properties of the double salt, obtained through computational calculation, predict that the preferred temperature range for absorption of CO{sub 2} with the double salt is significantly higher compared with MgO. Faster CO{sub 2} uptake can be achieved as a result of this higher temperature absorption window. Absorption tests indicate that the double salt absorbent as prepared has a capacity toward CO{sub 2} of 15 wt.% (3.4 mmol CO{sub 2}/g absorbent) and can be easily regenerated through both pressure swing and temperature swing absorption in multiple-cycle tests. Thermodynamic calculations also predict an important effect of CO{sub 2} partial pressure on the absorption capacity in the warm temperature range. The impurity phase, NaNO{sub 3}, is identified as a key component in facilitating CO{sub 2} absorption by these materials. The reason for reported difficulties in reproducing the performance of these materials can be traced to specific details of the synthesis method, which are reviewed in some detail.

Keling Zhanga,b, Xiaohong S. Li c, Yuhua Duand, David L. Kingc,?, Prabhakar Singha,b, Liyu Li

2012-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

385

Post-Closure Groundwater Monitoring Plan for the 1324-N Surface Impoundment and 1324-NA Percolation Pond  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 1324-N Surface Impoundment and the 1324-NA Percolation Pond, located in the 100-N Area of the Hanford Site, are regulated under the Resource Consevation and Recovery Act (RCRA). Surface and underground features of the facilities have been removed and laboratory analyses showed that soil met the closure performance standards. These sites have been backfilled and revegetated.

Hartman, Mary J.

2004-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

386

Investigation of superconducting and non-superconducting phases of Na?̣?CoO?1.3H?0  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The discovery of unconventional superconductivity in hydrated Na?̣?CoO?1.3H?0 has lead to active research work on the material over the last year due to its similarities and possible insight into the high-T[sub]c copper ...

Garcia, Daniel Robert, 1982-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Oklahoma" Oklahoma" "Number of Entities",3,62,1,31,"NA","NA","NA",97 "Number of Retail Customers",1251715,197786,1,491439,"NA","NA","NA",1940941 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",41412,5040,3,11390,"NA","NA","NA",57846 "Percentage of Retail Sales",71.59,8.71,0.01,19.69,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",2984,399,"*",1007,"NA","NA","NA",4390 "Percentage of Revenue",67.98,9.1,"*",22.93,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",7.21,7.92,0.03,8.84,"NA","NA","NA",7.59

388

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Indiana" Indiana" "Number of Entities",6,72,"NA",41,1,"NA","NA",120 "Number of Retail Customers",2307816,259886,"NA",535610,1,"NA","NA",3103313 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",84987,7864,"NA",12852,291,"NA","NA",105994 "Percentage of Retail Sales",80.18,7.42,"NA",12.13,0.27,"NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",6239,624,"NA",1263,1,"NA","NA",8127 "Percentage of Revenue",76.76,7.68,"NA",15.54,0.01,"NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",7.34,7.94,"NA",9.83,0.24,"NA","NA",7.67

389

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Arizona" Arizona" "Number of Entities",5,29,3,9,"NA","NA","NA",46 "Number of Retail Customers",1618443,1041383,19581,182453,"NA","NA","NA",2861860 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",40109,28821,1112,2790,"NA","NA","NA",72832 "Percentage of Retail Sales",55.07,39.57,1.53,3.83,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",4011,2666,54,328,"NA","NA","NA",7059 "Percentage of Revenue",56.82,37.77,0.77,4.64,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",10,9.25,4.89,11.75,"NA","NA","NA",9.69

390

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Mississippi" Mississippi" "Number of Entities",2,23,1,25,"NA","NA","NA",51 "Number of Retail Customers",623149,134283,8,724023,"NA","NA","NA",1481463 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",23467,4078,3887,18256,"NA","NA","NA",49687 "Percentage of Retail Sales",47.23,8.21,7.82,36.74,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",1894,368,174,1834,"NA","NA","NA",4271 "Percentage of Revenue",44.36,8.62,4.08,42.94,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",8.07,9.03,4.48,10.04,"NA","NA","NA",8.59

391

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Alabama" Alabama" "Number of Entities",1,36,1,24,"NA","NA","NA",62 "Number of Retail Customers",1436229,523894,22,541977,"NA","NA","NA",2502122 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",55974,17463,5700,11725,"NA","NA","NA",90863 "Percentage of Retail Sales",61.6,19.22,6.27,12.9,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",5076,1485,278,1236,"NA","NA","NA",8075 "Percentage of Revenue",62.86,18.39,3.44,15.31,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",9.07,8.51,4.87,10.54,"NA","NA","NA",8.89

392

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Kentucky" Kentucky" "Number of Entities",5,30,1,24,"NA","NA","NA",60 "Number of Retail Customers",1220486,208100,22,806376,"NA","NA","NA",2234984 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",44118,6900,15348,27203,"NA","NA","NA",93569 "Percentage of Retail Sales",47.15,7.37,16.4,29.07,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",3087,539,699,1975,"NA","NA","NA",6300 "Percentage of Revenue",49,8.56,11.09,31.35,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",7,7.82,4.55,7.26,"NA","NA","NA",6.73

393

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Kansas" Kansas" "Number of Entities",4,118,1,29,"NA","NA","NA",152 "Number of Retail Customers",935565,234282,7,286577,"NA","NA","NA",1456431 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",26868,6983,24,6546,"NA","NA","NA",40421 "Percentage of Retail Sales",66.47,17.27,0.06,16.2,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",2159,557,1,657,"NA","NA","NA",3374 "Percentage of Revenue",64,16.49,0.03,19.48,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",8.04,7.97,4.07,10.04,"NA","NA","NA",8.35

394

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Wyoming" Wyoming" "Number of Entities",5,13,1,17,"NA","NA","NA",36 "Number of Retail Customers",193231,34309,7,98475,"NA","NA","NA",326022 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",11164,651,32,5266,"NA","NA","NA",17113 "Percentage of Retail Sales",65.24,3.8,0.19,30.77,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",660,53,1,347,"NA","NA","NA",1061 "Percentage of Revenue",62.21,5.04,0.07,32.67,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",5.91,8.21,2.45,6.58,"NA","NA","NA",6.2

395

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Texas" Texas" "Number of Entities",77,72,"NA",67,9,"NA","NA",225 "Number of Retail Customers",7476159,1722007,"NA",1925881,9,"NA","NA",11124056 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",262289,47979,"NA",42319,5871,"NA","NA",358458 "Percentage of Retail Sales",73.17,13.38,"NA",11.81,1.64,"NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",24545,4189,"NA",4306,456,"NA","NA",33497 "Percentage of Revenue",73.28,12.51,"NA",12.85,1.36,"NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",9.36,8.73,"NA",10.17,7.78,"NA","NA",9.34

396

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Mexico" Mexico" "Number of Entities",3,8,1,20,"NA","NA","NA",32 "Number of Retail Customers",706231,84208,29,206182,"NA","NA","NA",996650 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",15121,2164,301,4843,"NA","NA","NA",22428 "Percentage of Retail Sales",67.42,9.65,1.34,21.59,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",1270,174,5,433,"NA","NA","NA",1883 "Percentage of Revenue",67.44,9.25,0.29,23.02,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",8.4,8.05,1.81,8.95,"NA","NA","NA",8.4

397

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Utah" Utah" "Number of Entities",1,40,1,9,"NA","NA","NA",51 "Number of Retail Customers",796908,227176,10,44289,"NA","NA","NA",1068383 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",22477,4426,61,1080,"NA","NA","NA",28044 "Percentage of Retail Sales",80.15,15.78,0.22,3.85,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",1516,356,2,74,"NA","NA","NA",1948 "Percentage of Revenue",77.86,18.26,0.1,3.78,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",6.75,8.04,3.09,6.82,"NA","NA","NA",6.9

398

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Arkansas" Arkansas" "Number of Entities",4,15,"NA",17,1,"NA","NA",37 "Number of Retail Customers",876919,182051,"NA",475234,1,"NA","NA",1534205 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",29167,6166,"NA",12847,14,"NA","NA",48194 "Percentage of Retail Sales",60.52,12.79,"NA",26.66,0.03,"NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",2101,450,"NA",955,1,"NA","NA",3507 "Percentage of Revenue",59.92,12.82,"NA",27.24,0.02,"NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",7.2,7.29,"NA",7.44,3.8,"NA","NA",7.28

399

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

North Dakota" North Dakota" "Number of Entities",3,12,1,21,"NA","NA","NA",37 "Number of Retail Customers",221192,11117,26,155283,"NA","NA","NA",387618 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",5593,273,189,6901,"NA","NA","NA",12956 "Percentage of Retail Sales",43.17,2.11,1.46,53.26,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",404,19,6,491,"NA","NA","NA",921 "Percentage of Revenue",43.89,2.1,0.66,53.36,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",7.23,7.08,3.19,7.12,"NA","NA","NA",7.11

400

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Low-Percentage Hydrogen/CNG Blend Ford F-150 Operating Summary - January 2003  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over the past two years, Arizona Public Service, a subsidiary of Pinnacle West Capital Corporation, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity, tested four gaseous fuel vehicles as part of its alternative fueled vehicle fleet. One vehicle operated initially using compressed natural gas (CNG) and later a blend of CNG and hydrogen. Of the other three vehicles, one was fueled with pure hydrogen and two were fueled with a blend of CNG and hydrogen. The three blended-fuel vehicles were originally equipped with either factory CNG engines or factory gasoline engines that were converted to run CNG fuel. The vehicles were variously modified to operate on blended fuel and were tested using 15 to 50% blends of hydrogen (by volume). The pure-hydrogen-fueled vehicle was converted from gasoline fuel to operate on 100% hydrogen. All vehicles were fueled from the Arizona Public Service's Alternative Fuel Pilot Plant, which was developed to dispense gaseous fuels, including CNG, blends of CNG and hydrogen, and pure hydrogen with up to 99.9999% purity. The primary objective of the test was to evaluate the safety and reliability of operating vehicles on hydrogen and blended hydrogen fuel, and the interface between the vehicles and the hydrogen fueling infrastructure. A secondary objective was to quantify vehicle emissions, cost, and performance. Over a total of 40,000 fleet test miles, no safety issues were found. Also, significant reductions in emissions were achieved by adding hydrogen to the fuel. This report presents results of 16,942 miles of testing for one of the blended fuel vehicles, a Ford F-150 pickup truck, operating on up to 30% hydrogen/70% CNG fuel.

Karner, D.; Francfort, J.E.

2003-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1989-2013 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: High-Percentage Hydrogen/CNG Blend Ford F-150 Operating Summary - January 2003  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over the past two years, Arizona Public Service, a subsidiary of Pinnacle West Capital Corporation, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity, tested four gaseous fuel vehicles as part of its alternative fueled vehicle fleet. One vehicle operated initially using compressed natural gas (CNG) and later a blend of CNG and hydrogen. Of the other three vehicles, one was fueled with pure hydrogen and two were fueled with a blend of CNG and hydrogen. The three blended-fuel vehicles were originally equipped with either factory CNG engines or factory gasoline engines that were converted to run CNG fuel. The vehicles were variously modified to operate on blended fuel and were tested using 15 to 50% blends of hydrogen (by volume). The pure-hydrogen-fueled vehicle was converted from gasoline fuel to operate on 100% hydrogen. All vehicles were fueled from the Arizona Public Service's Alternative Fuel Pilot Plant, which was developed to dispense gaseous fuels, including CNG, blends of CNG and hydrogen, and pure hydrogen with up to 99.9999% purity. The primary objective of the test was to evaluate the safety and reliability of operating vehicles on hydrogen and blended fuel, and the interface between the vehicles and the hydrogen fueling infrastructure. A secondary objective was to quantify vehicle emissions, cost, and performance. Over a total of 40,000 fleet test miles, no safety issues were found. Also, significant reductions in emissions were achieved by adding hydrogen to the fuel. This report presents the results of 4,695 miles of testing for one of the blended fuel vehicles, a Ford F-150 pickup truck, operating on up to 50% hydrogen-50% CNG fuel.

Karner, D.; Francfort, J.E.

2003-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

402

Strategies for demonstration and early deployment of carbon capture and storage : a technical and economic assessment of capture percentage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is a critical technology for reducing greenhouse gas emissions from electricity production by coal-fired power plants. However, full capture (capture of nominally 90% of emissions) has ...

Hildebrand, Ashleigh Nicole

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Formation of mesoporous materials from silica dissolved in various NaOH concentrations: effect of pH and ionic strength  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe the effects of NaOH/SiO2 ratio and pH on the formation of mesoporous materials, which was synthesized via an alkalimetal hydroxide fusion method, from amorphous silica dissolved in NaOH. Physical properties (e.g., specific surface ...

Jayhyun Park; Yosep Han; Hyunjung Kim

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

N/Z and N/A dependence of balance energy as a probe of symmetry energy in heavy-ion collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the N/Z and N/A dependence of balance energy (E$_{bal}$) for isotopic series of Ca having N/Z (N/A) varying from 1.0 to 2.0 (0.5 to 0.67). We show that the N/Z (N/A) dependence of E$_{bal}$ is sensitive to symmetry energy and its density dependence at densities higher than saturation density and is insensitive towards the isospin dependence of nucleon-nucleon (nn) cross section and Coulomb repulsion. We also study the effect of momentum dependent interactions (MDI) on the N/Z (N/A) dependence of E$_{bal}$. We find that although MDI influences the E$_{bal}$ drastically, the N/Z (N/A) dependence of E$_{bal}$ remains unchanged on inclusion of MDI.

Aman D. Sood

2010-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

405

Examination of Na-Doped Mo Sputtering for CIGS Devices: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-10-375  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This work has investigated the use of Na doped Mo (MONA) sputtering targets for use in preparing CIGS devices. The Mo:Na material is doped to about 3% Na by weight, implying that a 40 nm layer on top of the standard Mo contact contains sufficient Na to dope a 2.5 ..mu..m CIGS film. The ability to control Na doping independent of both CIGS processing conditions and adhesion is an important gain for industry and research. Manufacturers gain a route to increased manufacturability and performance, while NREL researchers gain a tightened performance distribution of devices and increased process flexibility. Our immediate partner in this work, the Climax Molybdenum Technology Center, gains validation of their product.

Repins, I.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

NA Standards | Refinement Parameters | X-PLOR param file for high  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the file for different bond distances and angles of C2'and C3'-endo the file for different bond distances and angles of C2'and C3'-endo remark K= scale*(kT/sigma**2), scales=Base 0.1875, Sugar 0.566, Phos 1.548 ! removed references to CA, CF, CS, MG, NH3, OS (ATB 12/30/94) ! removed TIP3 water model (ATB 12/30/94) ! mapped NA->NNA, CH3E->CC3E (ATB 12/30/94) ! G.PARKINSON, J.VOJTECHOVSKY, L.CLOWNEY, A.T.BRUNGER ! H.M.BERMAN ! NEW PARAMETERS FOR THE REFINEMENT OF NUCLEIC ACID CONTAINING ! STRUCTURES ! ACTA CRYST.D (1996) v. 52 57-64 set echo=false end !the generic bonds were taken from param11.dna with 3*kq bond C5R OH 876.000 1.4300 ! 5' end bond C5D OH 876.000 1.4300 ! 5' end bond C3R OH 876.000 1.4300 ! 3' end bond C3D OH 876.000 1.4300 ! 3' end bond HHO O2R 1350.000 0.9572 !Mod HO to HHO 05/15/96

407

A comparison of equilibrium and non-equilibrium cycle methods for Na-cooled ATW system.  

SciTech Connect

An equilibrium cycle method, embodied in the REBUS-3[1] code system, has generally been used in conventional fast reactor design activities. The equilibrium cycle method provides an efficient approach for modeling reactor system, compared to the more traditional non-equilibrium cycle fuel management calculation approach. Recently, the equilibrium analysis method has been utilized for designing Accelerator Transmutation of Waste (ATW)[2,3,4] cores, in which a scattered-reloading fuel management scheme is used. Compared with the conventional fast reactors, the ATW core is significantly different in several aspects since its main mission is to incinerate the transuranic (TRU) fuels. The high burnup non-fertile fuel has large variations in composition and reactivity during its lifetime. Furthermore, a relatively short cycle length is utilized in the ATW design to limit the potentially large reactivity swing over a cycle, and consequently 7 or 8-batch fuel management is usually assumed for a high fuel burnup. The validity of the equilibrium analysis method for the ATW core, therefore, needed to be verified. The main objective of this paper is to assess the validity of the equilibrium analysis method for a Na-cooled ATW core[4], which is an alternative core design of the ATW system under development.

Kim, Y.; Hill, R. N.; Taiwo, T. A.

2002-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

408

Short-lived isotopes and 23Na production in low mass AGB Stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the synthesis of some short-lived isotopes and of 23Na in thermally pulsing AGB stars with initial mass of 2 Msun and two different metallicities (Z=1.5e-2, corresponding to the metal amount in the Sun, and Z=1e-4), representative of disk and halo stars, respectively. The different nucleosynthesis channels are illustrated in some details. As previously found, the 13C formed after each third dredge up episode is usually completely consumed by alpha captures before the onset of the subsequent thermal pulse, releasing neutrons. This is the most efficient neutron source in low mass AGB stars and the resulting s-process nucleosynthesis is at the origin of the solar main component. However, in the solar metallicity model, we find that the temperature of the first formed 13C pocket remains too low during the interpulse and the 13C is not completely burnt, being partially engulfed in the convective zone generated by the following thermal pulse. Due to the rapid convective mixing in this zone, the 13C is ex...

Cristallo, S; Straniero, O; Piersanti, L; Dominguez, I

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Short-lived isotopes and 23Na production in low mass AGB Stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the synthesis of some short-lived isotopes and of 23Na in thermally pulsing AGB stars with initial mass of 2 Msun and two different metallicities (Z=1.5e-2, corresponding to the metal amount in the Sun, and Z=1e-4), representative of disk and halo stars, respectively. The different nucleosynthesis channels are illustrated in some details. As previously found, the 13C formed after each third dredge up episode is usually completely consumed by alpha captures before the onset of the subsequent thermal pulse, releasing neutrons. This is the most efficient neutron source in low mass AGB stars and the resulting s-process nucleosynthesis is at the origin of the solar main component. However, in the solar metallicity model, we find that the temperature of the first formed 13C pocket remains too low during the interpulse and the 13C is not completely burnt, being partially engulfed in the convective zone generated by the following thermal pulse. Due to the rapid convective mixing in this zone, the 13C is exposed to a larger temperature and a nucleosynthesis characterized by a relatively high neutron density develops. The main effect is the strong enhancement of isotopes located beyond some critical branching in the neutron-capture path, like 60Fe, otherwise only marginally produced during a standard s-process nucleosynthesis.

S. Cristallo; R. Gallino; O. Straniero; L. Piersanti; I. Dominguez

2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

410

Comparison of LaBr3:Ce and NaI(Tl) Scintillators for Radio-Isotope Identification Devices  

SciTech Connect

Lanthanum halide (LaBr3:Ce) scintillators offer significantly better resolution (<3 percent at 662 kilo-electron volt [keV]) relative to sodium iodide (NaI(Tl)) and have recently become commercially available in sizes large enough for the hand-held radio-isotope identification device (RIID) market. There are drawbacks to lanthanum halide detectors, however. These include internal radioactivity that contributes to spectral counts and a low-energy response that can cause detector resolution to be lower than that of NaI(Tl) below 100 keV. To study the potential of this new material for RIIDs, we performed a series of measurements comparing a 1.5?1.5 inch LaBr?3:Ce detector with an Exploranium GR 135 RIID, which contains a 1.5-2.2 inch NaI(Tl) detector. Measurements were taken for short time frames, as typifies RIID usage. Measurements included examples of naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM), typically found in cargo, and special nuclear materials. Some measurements were noncontact, involving short distances or cargo shielding scenarios. To facilitate direct comparison, spectra from the different detectors were analyzed with the same isotope identification software (ORTEC ScintiVision TM). In general, the LaBr3:Ce detector was able to find more peaks and find them faster than the NaI(Tl) detector. To the same level of significance, the LaBr3:Ce detector was usually two to three times faster. The notable exception was for 40K containing NORM where interfering internal contamination in the LaBr3:Ce detector exist. NaI(Tl) consistently outperformed LaBr3:Ce for this important isotope. LaBr3:Ce currently costs much more than NaI(Tl), though this cost-difference is expected to diminish (but not completely) with time. As is true of all detectors, LaBr3:Ce will need to be gain-stabilized for RIID applications. This could possibly be done using the internal contaminants themselves. It is the experience of the authors that peak finding software in RIIDs needs to be improved, regardless of the detector material.

Milbrath, Brian D.; Choate, Bethany J.; Fast, Jim E.; Hensley, Walter K.; Kouzes, Richard T.; Schweppe, John E.

2006-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

411

Hydrothermal synthesis and the crystal structure of borate cancrinite (Na,Ca){sub 2}[Na{sub 6}(AlSiO{sub 4}){sub 6}](BO{sub 3}) . 2H{sub 2}O  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Transparent prismatic single crystals of borate cancrinite (Na,Ca){sub 2}[Na{sub 6}(AlSiO{sub 4}){sub 6}](BO{sub 3}) . 2H{sub 2}O are prepared through hydrothermal crystallization. The parameters of the hexagonal unit cell and intensities of 10806 reflections are measured on an Enraf-Nonius CAD4 automated diffractometer. The compound crystallizes in the hexagonal crystal system with the unit cell parameters a = 12.745(4) A, c = 5.180(2) A, V = 728.6(4) A{sup 3}, and space group P6{sub 3}. The structure is determined by direct methods and refined using the full-matrix least-squares procedure in the anisotropic approximation for the non-hydrogen atoms. The refinement of the structure is performed to the final discrepancy factor R{sub 1} = 0.027 for 2889 unique reflections with I > 2 {sigma} (I). In the structure of the borate cancrinite, the AlO{sub 4} and SiO{sub 4} tetrahedra form a zeolite-like framework in which twelve-membered hexagonal channels are occupied by sodium atoms and BO{sub 3} groups, whereas six-membered channels are filled with sodium and calcium atoms and water molecules. The mean interatomic distances are found to be as follows: (Si-O){sub mean} = 1.614 A and (Al-O){sub mean} = 1.741 A in the AlO{sub 4} and SiO{sub 4} tetrahedra, (Na-O){sub mean} = 2.542 A in the seven-vertex sodium polyhedra, and [(Na,Ca)-O]{sub mean} = 2.589 A in the ditrigonal bipyramids.

Shirinova, A. F. [Baku State University (Azerbaijan)], E-mail: afashf@rambler.ru; Khrustalev, V. N. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Nesmeyanov Institute of Organoelement Compounds (Russian Federation); Samedov, H. R. [National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Institute of Chemical Problems (Azerbaijan); Chiragov, M. I. [Baku State University (Azerbaijan)

2006-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

412

The electrorheology of suspensions consisting of Na-Fluorohectorite synthetic clay particles in silicon oil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Under application of an electric field greater than a triggering electric field $E_c \\sim 0.4$ kV/mm, suspensions obtained by dispersing particles of the synthetic clay fluoro-hectorite in a silicon oil, aggregate into chain- and/or column-like structures parallel to the applied electric field. This micro-structuring results in a transition in the suspensions' rheological behavior, from a Newtonian-like behavior to a shear-thinning rheology with a significant yield stress. This behavior is studied as a function of particle volume fraction and strength of the applied electric field, $E$. The steady shear flow curves are observed to scale onto a master curve with respect to $E$, in a manner similar to what was recently found for suspensions of laponite clay [42]. In the case of Na-fluorohectorite, the corresponding dynamic yield stress is demonstrated to scale with respect to $E$ as a power law with an exponent $\\alpha \\sim 1.93$, while the static yield stress inferred from constant shear stress tests exhibits a similar behavior with $\\alpha \\sim 1.58$. The suspensions are also studied in the framework of thixotropic fluids: the bifurcation in the rheology behavior when letting the system flow and evolve under a constant applied shear stress is characterized, and a bifurcation yield stress, estimated as the applied shear stress at which viscosity bifurcation occurs, is measured to scale as $E^\\alpha$ with $\\alpha \\sim 0.5$ to 0.6. All measured yield stresses increase with the particle fraction $\\Phi$ of the suspension. For the static yield stress, a scaling law $\\Phi^\\beta$, with $\\beta = 0.54$, is found. The results are found to be reasonably consistent with each other. Their similarities with-, and discrepancies to- results obtained on laponite-oil suspensions are discussed.

Y. Mheust; K. P. S. Parmar; B. Schjelderupsen; J. O. Fossum

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

A new measurement of the $K^\\pm\\to?^\\pm??$ decay at the NA48/2 experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The NA48/2 experiment at CERN collected two data samples with minimum bias trigger conditions in 2003 and 2004. A measurement of the rate and dynamic properties of the rare decay $K^\\pm\\to\\pi^\\pm\\gamma\\gamma$ from these data sets based on 149 decay candidates with an estimated background of $15.5\\pm0.7$ events is reported.

NA48/2 collaboration

2013-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

414

Nanoscale modulations in (KLa)(CaW)O-6 and (NaLa)(CaW)O-6  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Complex nanoscale modulations are identified in two new A-site ordered perovskites, (KLa)(CaW)O{sub 6} and (NaLa)(CaW)O{sub 6}. In (KLa)(CaW)O{sub 6}, selected-area electron diffraction (SAED) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) show an incommensurate nanocheckerboard modulation with {approx}9.4 x 9.4 a{sub p} periodicity (a{sub p} {approx} 4 {angstrom} for the cubic perovskite aristotype). For (NaLa)(CaW)O{sub 6} a one-dimensional modulation is observed with a {approx}16(1 1 0)a{sub p} repeat; the orientation of the nanostripes is different from the stripes observed in other mixed A-site systems. Studies using high temperature x-ray diffraction suggest the formation of the complex modulations is associated with small deviations from the ideal 1:1:1:1 stoichiometry of the (A{sup +}La{sup 3+})(CaW)O{sub 6} phases. Z-contrast images acquired on an aberration-corrected microscope provide evidence for deviations from stoichiometry with a {approx}1:15 periodic arrangement of La{sub 4/3}(CaW)O{sub 6}:(NaLa)(CaW)O{sub 6} nano-phases.

Licurse, Mark [University of Pennsylvania; Borisevich, Albina Y [ORNL; Davies, Peter [University of Pennsylvania

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

A Distribuição Espacial e Variabilidade Interanual do Fogo na Amazônia  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 a 60. 3 a 60. 1 A Distribuição Espacial e Variabilidade Interanual do Fogo na Amazônia Wilfrid Schroeder, 1 Ane Alencar, 2 Eugênio Arima, 3 e Alberto Setzer 4 Evidências a partir de observações de carvão sugerem baixa frequência de eventos de fogo causadores de alteração das florestas amazônicas no período anterior ao século vinte. Entretanto, a distribuição espacial e temporal do fogo mudou drasticamente nas últimas décadas. O fogo tornou-se uma das forças motrizes do uso da terra e da mudança da cobertura vegetal na Amazônia. A crescente intervenção humana na região, juntamente com anomalias climáticas, expuseram as florestas tropicais a um número sem precedentes de fogos em vegetação com consequências importantes para o funcionamento do complexo sistema

416

Electrochemical and structural characterization of titanium-substituted manganese oxides based on Na0.44MnO2  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A series of titanium-substituted manganese oxides, Li{sub x}Ti{sub y}Mn{sub 1-y}O{sub 2} (y = 0.11, 0.22, 0.33, 0.44, and 0.55) with the Na{sub 0.44}MnO{sub 2} structure were prepared from Na{sub x}Ti{sub y}Mn{sub 1-y}O{sub 2} (x {approx} 0.44) precursors. The electrochemical characteristics of these compounds, which retain the unique double-tunnel structure during ion exchange, were examined in lithium/polymer electrolyte cells operating at 85 C. All of the substituted cathode materials intercalated lithium reversibly, with Li{sub x}Ti{sub 0.22}Mn{sub 0.78}O{sub 2} exhibiting the highest capacity in polymer cells, about 10-20% greater than that of unsubstituted Li{sub x}MnO{sub 2} made from Na{sub 0.44}MnO{sub 2}. In common with Li{sub x}MnO{sub 2}, the Ti-substituted materials exhibited good capacity retention over one hundred or more cycles, with some compositions exhibiting a fade rate of less than 0.03% per cycle.

Doeff, Marca M.; Richardson, Thomas J.; Hwang, Kwang-Taek

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Hydrothermal synthesis and luminescent properties of NaLa(MoO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Dy{sup 3+} phosphor  

SciTech Connect

Pompon-like NaLa(MoO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Dy{sup 3+} phosphors have been successfully prepared via a hydrothermal method using ammonia as pH value regulator. The hydrothermal process was carried out under aqueous condition without the use of any organic solvent, surfactant, and catalyst. The experimental results demonstrate that the obtained NaLa(MoO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Dy{sup 3+} phosphor powders are single-phase scheelite structure with tetragonal symmetry. Moreover, the phosphor under the excitation of 390 and 456 nm exhibited blue emission (486 nm) and yellow emission (574 nm), corresponding to the {sup 4}F{sub 9/2}{yields}{sup 6}H{sub 15/2} transition and {sup 4}F{sub 9/2}{yields}{sup 6}H{sub 13/2} transition of Dy{sup 3+} ions, respectively. In addition, the yellow-to-blue emission intensity ratio (Y/B) can be changed with the doped concentration of Dy{sup 3+} ions. All chromaticity coordinates of the obtained NaLa(MoO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Dy{sup 3+} phosphors are located in the white-light region. The results indicate that this kind of phosphor may has potential applications in the fields of near UV-excited and blue-excited white LEDs. - Graphical abstract: It can be seen from the SEM images that a pompon-like shape was obtained with an average diameter of about 1 {mu}m, and it is composed of many nanoflakes. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Pompon-like NaLa(MoO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Dy{sup 3+} phosphors have been successfully prepared via a hydrothermal method. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Blue emission at 486 nm and yellow emission at 574 nm were obtained from the samples. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The yellow-to-blue emission intensity ratio (Y/B) can be changed with the doped concentration of Dy{sup 3+} ions. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer NaLa(MoO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Dy{sup 3+} can be efficiently excited by the blue light and the near ultraviolet light.

Li Linlin; Zi Wenwen; Li Guanghuan; Lan Shi; Ji Guijuan [College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130026 (China); Gan Shucai, E-mail: gansc@jlu.edu.cn [College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130026 (China); Zou Haifeng [College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130026 (China); Xu Xuechun [College of Earth Sciences, Jilin University, Changchun 130026 (China)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

418

The Impact of NaH+ Exchange on Long-Term Borosilicate Glass Corrosion: Experiments and Field Observations  

SciTech Connect

New insights from laboratory experiments coupled with field observations indicate that pore water solutions that eventually breach containment materials in disposal systems will interact with sodium-excess borosilicate waste glass in an unexpected way. Because many glass waste forms are relatively sodium-rich, they are especially vulnerable to Na+H+ exchange (ion exchange or simply, IEX). Although the kinetics of this process has been previously investigated for early-stage glass reactions, the implications of IEX for long-term dissolution resistance have not yet been realized. Non-radioactive glass with major- and minor-element chemical compositions similar to Hanford high-Na waste glass were subjected to dissolution experiments to quantify the rates of matrix dissolution and IEX rates. Single-Pass Flow-Through (SPFT) tests quantified the IEX rate at 40C pH = 8 and silica saturation and showed a dependence upon the fraction of excess sodium in the glass. The equation for the rate (in moles of sodium released per meter squared per second) dependence on excess sodium is: log10rate[mol/(m2?s)] = 0.63R + (-11.0); r2 = 0.86 where R = molar Na+/?(M3+). Further, rates of Na release are slower by ?30% in D2O-based solutions compared to those in H2O. These results are the hallmark of IEX reactions. Our results are compared against those from a lysimeter field experiment consisting of glasses buried in Hanford sand and to dissolution experiments conducted with a Pressurized Unsaturated Flow (PUF) apparatus. These longer-term tests indicate an initial decrease in dissolution rate by a factor of 10, and then a constant steady-state rate thereafter. Thus, these data show that IEX reactions are important at near-saturation conditions and effectively prevent dissolution rates from falling below a minimum value. In sum, IEX modifies the long-term behavior of glass dissolution and models cannot assume that dissolution of Na-rich borosilicate glass will decrease by a factor of 100 to 1000, as argued for minerals and less sodic glasses.

Icenhower, Jonathan P.; Pierce, Eric M.; McGrail, B. Peter

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Color Blind Animals  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Blind Animals Name: Hillary Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: Are dogs and cats colorblind? If so what is the percentage? Are all animals color blind? Replies: yes,...

420

Brain Usage  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Usage Name: Matt Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: what percentage of the brain does the average human use? Replies: This is a very difficult question to address. Your...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1989-2013 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Na NMR Evidence for Charge Order and Anomalous Magnetism in NaxCoO2 I. R. Mukhamedshin,1,* H. Alloul,1,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

23 Na NMR Evidence for Charge Order and Anomalous Magnetism in NaxCoO2 I. R. Mukhamedshin,1,* H are studied by 23Na NMR and SQUID magnetometry. In nominal 0:50 x 0:70 solid state reacted samples,6] with the magnetic prop- erties. In a pioneering work, two 59Co NMR signals attributed to nonmagnetic Co3 sites were

Paris-Sud 11, Université de

422

High-pressure stability relations, crystal structures, and physical properties of perovskite and post-perovskite of NaNiF{sub 3}  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NaNiF{sub 3} perovskite was found to transform to post-perovskite at 16-18 GPa and 1273-1473 K. The equilibrium transition boundary is expressed as P (GPa)=-2.0+0.014 Multiplication-Sign T (K). Structure refinements indicated that NaNiF{sub 3} perovskite and post-perovskite have almost regular NiF{sub 6} octahedra consistent with absence of the first-order Jahn-Teller active ions. Both NaNiF{sub 3} perovskite and post-perovskite are insulators. The perovskite underwent a canted antiferromagnetic transition at 156 K, and the post-perovskite antiferromagnetic transition at 22 K. Magnetic exchange interaction of NaNiF{sub 3} post-perovskite is smaller than that of perovskite, reflecting larger distortion of Ni-F-Ni network and lower dimension of octahedral arrangement in post-perovskite than those in perovskite. - Graphical abstract: Perovskite-post-perovskite transition in NaNiF{sub 3} at high pressure Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer NaNiF{sub 3} perovskite (Pv) transforms to post-perovskite (pPv) at 16 GPa and 1300 K. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The equilibrium transition boundary is expressed as P (GPa)=-2.0+0.014 T (K). Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Antiferromagnetic transition occurs at 156 K in Pv and 22 K in pPv.

Shirako, Y. [Department of Chemistry, Gakushuin University, 1-5-1 Mejiro, Toshima-ku, Tokyo 171-8588 (Japan); Superconducting Properties Unit, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Shi, Y.G. [Superconducting Properties Unit, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100190 Beijing (China); Aimi, A.; Mori, D.; Kojitani, H. [Department of Chemistry, Gakushuin University, 1-5-1 Mejiro, Toshima-ku, Tokyo 171-8588 (Japan); Yamaura, K. [Superconducting Properties Unit, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Inaguma, Y. [Department of Chemistry, Gakushuin University, 1-5-1 Mejiro, Toshima-ku, Tokyo 171-8588 (Japan); Akaogi, M., E-mail: masaki.akaogi@gakushuin.ac.jp [Department of Chemistry, Gakushuin University, 1-5-1 Mejiro, Toshima-ku, Tokyo 171-8588 (Japan)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

423

Nanoscale modulations in (KLa)(CaW)O{sub 6} and (NaLa)(CaW)O{sub 6}  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Complex nanoscale modulations are identified in two new A-site ordered perovskites, (KLa)(CaW)O{sub 6} and (NaLa)(CaW)O{sub 6}. In (KLa)(CaW)O{sub 6}, selected-area electron diffraction (SAED) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) show an incommensurate nanocheckerboard modulation with {approx}9.4 Multiplication-Sign 9.4a{sub p} periodicity (a{sub p} Almost-Equal-To 4 A for the cubic perovskite aristotype). For (NaLa)(CaW)O{sub 6} a one-dimensional modulation is observed with a {approx}16(1 1 0)a{sub p} repeat; the Left-Pointing-Angle-Bracket 1 1 0 Right-Pointing-Angle-Bracket orientation of the nanostripes is different from the Left-Pointing-Angle-Bracket 1 0 0 Right-Pointing-Angle-Bracket stripes observed in other mixed A-site systems. Studies using high temperature x-ray diffraction suggest the formation of the complex modulations is associated with small deviations from the ideal 1:1:1:1 stoichiometry of the (A{sup +}La{sup 3+})(CaW)O{sub 6} phases. Z-contrast images acquired on an aberration-corrected microscope provide evidence for deviations from stoichiometry with a {approx}1:15 periodic arrangement of La{sub 4/3}(CaW)O{sub 6}:(NaLa)(CaW)O{sub 6} nano-phases. - Graphical abstract: Complex nanoscale modulations are identified in two new A-site ordered perovskites, (KLa)(CaW)O{sub 6} and (NaLa)(CaW)O{sub 6}. In (KLa)(CaW)O{sub 6}, selected-area electron diffraction and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy show a two-dimensional, nanocheckerboard modulation. For (NaLa)(CaW)O{sub 6} a one-dimensional modulation is observed; the Left-Pointing-Angle-Bracket 1 1 0 Right-Pointing-Angle-Bracket orientation of the nanostripes is different from the Left-Pointing-Angle-Bracket 1 0 0 Right-Pointing-Angle-Bracket stripes observed in other mixed A-site systems. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Two new A-site ordered perovskites were synthesized, (KLa)(CaW)O{sub 6} and (NaLa)(CaW)O{sub 6}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Unusual 1D and 2D nanoscale patterns were observed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Tolerance factor shown to be not enough to predict the observed morphologies. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer High temperature x-ray diffraction data suggests a loss of stoichiometry is related to the modulations. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Z-contrast imaging provides direct evidence for non-stoichiometry and a new model.

Licurse, Mark W., E-mail: mlicurse@seas.upenn.edu [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Pennsylvania, 3231 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104 (United States); Borisevich, Albina Y., E-mail: albinab@ornl.gov [Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States); Davies, Peter K., E-mail: davies@seas.upenn.edu [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Pennsylvania, 3231 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104 (United States)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

424

AlSb thin films as negative electrodes for Li-ion and Na-ion batteries  

SciTech Connect

The electrochemical reactions between Li and Na with amorphous/nanocrystalline AlSb thin films prepared by magnetron sputtering are reported for the first time. The films are composed of AlSb and Sb nanoparticles embedded into an amorphous matrix with an overall Sb/Al ratio of 1.13. The reaction with Li proceeds with an average reaction potential of 0.65 V, a reversible capacity of 750 mAh g-1, and very fast reaction kinetics. For instance, a storage capacity close to 500 mAh g-1, corresponding to 70% of the maximum capacity, is achieved at 125 C-rate. In addition, there is only a small increase in overpotentials with increasing current: ~0.15 V at 12 C and ~0.7 V at 125 C. In contrast, the reaction with Na results in average reaction potential of 0.5 V and a storage capacity of 500 mAh g-1 obtained at low currents. The capacity retention and reaction kinetics are presently not satisfactory with pronounced capacity losses upon cycling and large overpotentials with increasing current. The capacity retention can be improved by using fluoroethylene carbonate additive in the Na-ion electrolyte, which highlights that the Solid Electrolyte Interphase plays an important role for the electrode cycling stability. The reaction kinetics is relatively poor and an increase in overpotentials of about 0.9 V at 2 C is observed (retained capacity of about 350 mAh g-1 or 66% of the maximum). The study of the reaction mechanism on thick films (3-5 m) by X-ray diffraction reveals that the electrode material remains amorphous at all potentials. The presence of broad humps, located at the positions expected for Li-Al and Li-Sb line compounds, suggests that during the reaction with Li the atomic short range ordering is similar to the expected phases.

Baggetto, Loic [ORNL; Marszewski, Michal [Kent State University; Gorka, Joanna [ORNL; Jaroniec, Mietek [Kent State University; Veith, Gabriel M [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Effects of oxygen cover gas and NaOH dilution on gas generation in tank 241-SY-101 waste  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Laboratory studies are reported of gas generation in heated waste from tank 241-SY-101. The rates of gas generation and the compositions of product gas were measured. Three types of tests are compared. The tests use: undiluted waste, waste diluted by a 54% addition of 2.5 M NaOH, and undiluted waste with a reactive cover gas of 30% Oxygen in He. The gas generation rate is reduced by dilution, increased by higher temperatures (which determines activation energies), and increased by reactions of Oxygen (these primarily produce H{sub 2}). Gases are generated as reduction products oxidation of organic carbon species by nitrite and oxygen.

Person, J.C.

1996-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

426

The electrochemical reactions of pure In with Li and Na: anomalous electrolyte decomposition, benefits of FEC additive, phase transitions and electrode performance  

SciTech Connect

Indium thin films are evaluated as an anode material for Li-ion and Na-ion batteries (theoretical capacities of 1012 mAh g-1 for Li and 467 mAh g-1 for Na). The native surface oxides are responsible for the anomalous electrolyte decomposition during the first cycle while oxidized In species are found to be responsible for the electrolyte decomposition during the subsequent cycles. The presence of 5wt% FEC electrolyte additive suppresses the occurrence of the anomalous electrolyte decomposition during the first cycle but is not sufficient to prevent the decomposition upon further cycling from 0 to 2 V. Prevention of the anomalous decomposition can be achieved by restricting the charge cut-off, for instance at 1.1 V, or by using larger amounts of FEC. The In films show moderately good capacity retention with storage capacities when cycled with Li (950 mAh g-1) but significantly less when cycled with Na (125 mAh g-1). XRD data reveal that several known Li-In phases (i.e LiIn, Li3In2, LiIn2 and Li13In3) form during the electrochemical reaction. In contrast, the reaction with Na is severely limited. The largest amount of inserted Na is evidenced for cells short-circuited 40 hrs at 65C, for which the XRD data show the coexistence of NaIn, In, and an unknown phase. During cycling, mechanical degradation due to repeated expansion/shrinkage, evidenced by SEM, coupled with SEI formation is the primary source of the capacity fade. Finally, we show that the In thin films exhibit very high rate capability for both Li (100 C) and Na (30 C).

Hawks, Samantha A [ORNL] [ORNL; Baggetto, Loic [ORNL] [ORNL; Bridges, Craig A [ORNL] [ORNL; Veith, Gabriel M [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

A Expansão da Agricultura Intensiva e Pecuária na Amazônia Brasileira  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

61 a 81. 61 a 81. 1 A Expansão da Agricultura Intensiva e Pecuária na Amazônia Brasileira Robert Walker, 1 Ruth DeFries, 2 Maria Del Carmem Vera-Diaz, 3 Yosio Shimabukuro, 4 e Adriano Venturieri 5 A agropecuária na Amazônia tem, frequentemente, provocado controvérsia em função do imenso valor ecológico do meio ambiente da região. Isso ocorreu, primeiramente, com a pecuária e atualmente com o crescimento acelerado da soja, uso de tratores e criação de gado. Essas atividades têm ocupado terras que, por milênios, sustentaram somente florestas úmidas fechadas, ecossistemas naturais e povos indígenas dispersos. O presente capítulo focaliza a porção brasileira da Bacia Amazônica e trata da expansão da agropecuária nesta região, partindo da premissa de que uma efetiva política de desenvolvimento

428

Branch-shaped NaGdF{sub 4}:Eu{sup 3+} nanocrystals: Selective synthesis, and photoluminescence properties  

SciTech Connect

The branch-shaped NaGdF{sub 4}:Eu{sup 3+} nanocrystals (NCs) were synthesized by using polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) as a capping agent in ethylene glycol (EG) solution. The NCs were readily dispersed into water or ethanol to form a relatively stable suspension, which may facilitate their applications in biological fields. Meanwhile, the crystal structures of the NCs were tunable from the mixture of the {alpha}-(cubic) and {beta}-(hexagonal) phases to the pure {beta}-phase by varying the F{sup -}/Ln{sup 3+} molar ratio or the reaction temperature. The pure {beta}-phase NCs were obtained at relatively high F{sup -}/Ln{sup 3+} molar ratio and reaction temperature. In addition, the Eu{sup 3+}-doping concentration-dependent optical properties of the NaGdF{sub 4}:Eu{sup 3+} NCs were investigated in detail. The result shows that the emissions from high energy level transitions (e.g., {sup 5}D{sub 1}, {sup 5}D{sub 2}, and {sup 5}D{sub 3}) are significantly impaired with increasing the Eu{sup 3+}-doping concentration due to the cross-relaxation process, and the emission at 612 nm is predominant since the doped Eu{sup 3+} ions locate in the crystal fields without inversion center.

Wang Shangbing, E-mail: wsb1978@mail.ustc.edu.cn [School of Metallurgy and Resources, Institute of Molecular Engineering and Applied Chemistry, Anhui University of Technology, Ma'anshan, Anhui, 243002 (China); Li Qing; Pei Lizhai [School of Metallurgy and Resources, Institute of Molecular Engineering and Applied Chemistry, Anhui University of Technology, Ma'anshan, Anhui, 243002 (China); Zhang Qianfeng, E-mail: zhangqf@ahut.edu.cn [School of Metallurgy and Resources, Institute of Molecular Engineering and Applied Chemistry, Anhui University of Technology, Ma'anshan, Anhui, 243002 (China)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

429

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pennsylvania" Pennsylvania" "Number of Entities",11,35,"NA",13,"NA",34,9,102 "Number of Retail Customers",5107864,83621,"NA",217519,"NA",541357,"NA",5950361 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",110574,1449,"NA",2765,"NA",34177,"NA",148964 "Percentage of Retail Sales",74.23,0.97,"NA",1.86,"NA",22.94,"NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",11666,195,"NA",307,"NA",2638,546,15351 "Percentage of Revenue",76,1.27,"NA",2,"NA",17.18,3.55,100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",10.55,13.45,"NA",11.1,"NA",7.72,1.6,10.31

430

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Massachusetts" Massachusetts" "Number of Entities",5,40,"NA","NA",1,25,6,77 "Number of Retail Customers",2293325,396530,"NA","NA",19,380716,"NA",3070590 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",23682,7830,"NA","NA",311,25300,"NA",57123 "Percentage of Retail Sales",41.46,13.71,"NA","NA",0.54,44.29,"NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",3372,1046,"NA","NA",39,2336,1352,8145 "Percentage of Revenue",41.4,12.84,"NA","NA",0.48,28.67,16.59,100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",14.24,13.36,"NA","NA",12.7,9.23,5.34,14.26

431

Energy dependence of identified hadron spectra and event-by-event fluctuations in p+p interactions from NA61/SHINE at the CERN SPS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NA61/SHINE at the CERN SPS is a fixed-target experiment pursuing a rich physics program including measurements for heavy ion, neutrino and cosmic ray physics. The main goal of the ion program is to explore the most interesting $T, mu_{B}$ region of the phase diagram of strongly interacting matter. We plan to study the properties of the onset of deconfinement and to search for the signatures of the critical point. The search is performed by varying collision energy (13A-158A GeV/c) and system size (p+p, Be+Be, Ar+Ca, Xe+La). Thanks to its large acceptance and excellent particle identification capability NA61/SHINE is well suited for performing high-precision particle production measurements as well as for studying event-by-event fluctuations in p+p, p+nucleus and nucleus+nucleus collisions. Preliminary results on p+p interactions at 20, 31, 40, 80 and 158 GeV/c are presented. They include inclusive spectra of pi+, pi-, K- and protons as a function of transverse momentum/mass and rapidity as well as event-by-event fluctuations of transverse momentum, azimuthal angle and chemical composition. The new NA61 measurements are compared with the corresponding results of NA49 on central Pb+Pb collisions and with predictions of Monte Carlo models. Finally, the future plans of NA61/SHINE are summarised.

Maciej Rybczynski

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

432

Cross sections for monitor reactions {sup 27}Al((p, x){sup 24}Na, {sup 27}Al(p, x){sup 22}Na, and {sup 27}Al(p, x){sup 7}Be at proton energies in the range 0.04-2.6 GeV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The cross sections for the monitor reactions {sup 27}Al(p, x){sup 24}Na, {sup 27}Al(p, x){sup 22}Na, and {sup 27}Al(p, x){sup 7}Be at 12 proton energies, 2605, 1598, 1199, 799, 600, 400, 249, 147.6, 97.2, 66.0, 44.6, and 40.8 MeV, have been determined with 72 Multiplication-Sign 72-mm square and 10.5-mm-diameter round aluminum foils. The rates of the reactions of the production of {sup 24}Na, {sup 22}Na, and {sup 7}Be in the foils in each irradiation run have been determined by {gamma} spectrometry, whereas the number of protons transmitted through these foils has been determined using calibrated fast current transformers. The cross sections have been determined as the ratios of the corresponding reaction to the average proton fluence.

Titarenko, Yu. E.; Borovlev, S. P.; Butko, M. A.; Zhivun, V. M.; Pavlov, K. V.; Rogov, V. I.; Titarenko, A. Yu.; Tikhonov, R. S.; Florya, S. N.; Koldobskiy, A. B. [Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Russian Federation)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

433

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012,"6/30/1989" Annual",2012,"6/30/1989" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","ng_pri_sum_a_epg0_vrx_pct_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/ng_pri_sum_a_epg0_vrx_pct_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 7:00:26 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Percentage of Total Natural Gas Residential Deliveries included in Prices " "Sourcekey","NA1504_NUS_4","NA1504_SAL_4","NA1504_SAK_4","NA1504_SAZ_4","NA1504_SAR_4","NA1504_SCA_4","NA1504_SCO_4","NA1504_SCT_4","NA1504_SDE_4","NA1504_SDC_4","NA1504_SFL_4","NA1504_SGA_4","NA1504_SHI_4","NA1504_SID_4","NA1504_SIL_4","NA1504_SIN_4","NA1504_SIA_4","NA1504_SKS_4","NA1504_SKY_4","NA1504_SLA_4","NA1504_SME_4","NA1504_SMD_4","NA1504_SMA_4","NA1504_SMI_4","NA1504_SMN_4","NA1504_SMS_4","NA1504_SMO_4","NA1504_SMT_4","NA1504_SNE_4","NA1504_SNV_4","NA1504_SNH_4","NA1504_SNJ_4","NA1504_SNM_4","NA1504_SNY_4","NA1504_SNC_4","NA1504_SND_4","NA1504_SOH_4","NA1504_SOK_4","NA1504_SOR_4","NA1504_SPA_4","NA1504_SRI_4","NA1504_SSC_4","NA1504_SSD_4","NA1504_STN_4","NA1504_STX_4","NA1504_SUT_4","NA1504_SVT_4","NA1504_SVA_4","NA1504_SWA_4","NA1504_SWV_4","NA1504_SWI_4","NA1504_SWY_4"

434

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013","1/15/2002" Monthly","9/2013","1/15/2002" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","ng_pri_sum_a_epg0_vrx_pct_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/ng_pri_sum_a_epg0_vrx_pct_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 7:00:27 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Percentage of Total Natural Gas Residential Deliveries included in Prices " "Sourcekey","NA1504_NUS_4","NA1504_SAL_4","NA1504_SAK_4","NA1504_SAZ_4","NA1504_SAR_4","NA1504_SCA_4","NA1504_SCO_4","NA1504_SCT_4","NA1504_SDE_4","NA1504_SDC_4","NA1504_SFL_4","NA1504_SGA_4","NA1504_SHI_4","NA1504_SID_4","NA1504_SIL_4","NA1504_SIN_4","NA1504_SIA_4","NA1504_SKS_4","NA1504_SKY_4","NA1504_SLA_4","NA1504_SME_4","NA1504_SMD_4","NA1504_SMA_4","NA1504_SMI_4","NA1504_SMN_4","NA1504_SMS_4","NA1504_SMO_4","NA1504_SMT_4","NA1504_SNE_4","NA1504_SNV_4","NA1504_SNH_4","NA1504_SNJ_4","NA1504_SNM_4","NA1504_SNY_4","NA1504_SNC_4","NA1504_SND_4","NA1504_SOH_4","NA1504_SOK_4","NA1504_SOR_4","NA1504_SPA_4","NA1504_SRI_4","NA1504_SSC_4","NA1504_SSD_4","NA1504_STN_4","NA1504_STX_4","NA1504_SUT_4","NA1504_SVT_4","NA1504_SVA_4","NA1504_SWA_4","NA1504_SWV_4","NA1504_SWI_4","NA1504_SWY_4"

435

Frustration by competing interactions in the highly-distorted double perovskites La2NaB'O6 (B' = Ru, Os)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The usual classical behaviour of S = 3/2, B-site ordered double perovskites generally results in simple, commensurate magnetic ground states. In contrast, heat capacity and neutron powder diffraction measurements for the S = 3/2 systems La2NaB'O6 (B = Ru, Os) reveal an incommensurate magnetic ground state for La2NaRuO6 and a drastically suppressed ordered moment for La2NaOsO6. This behaviour is attributed to the large monoclinic structural distortions of these double perovskites. The distortions have the effect of weakening the nearest neighbour superexchange interactions, presumably to an energy scale that is comparable to the next nearest neighbour superexchange. The exotic ground states in these materials can then arise from a competition between these two types of antiferromagnetic interactions, providing a novel mechanism for achieving frustration in the double perovskite family.

Aczel, Adam A [ORNL; Bugaris, Dan [University of South Carolina; Li, Ling [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Yan, Jiaqiang [ORNL; Dela Cruz, Clarina R [ORNL; Zur Loye, Hans-Conrad [University of South Carolina; Nagler, Stephen E [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Hanford Low Activity Waste (LAW) Fluidized Bed Steam Reformer (FBSR) Na-Al-Si (NAS) Waste Form Qualification  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hanford Low Activity Waste (LAW) Fluidized Bed Steam Hanford Low Activity Waste (LAW) Fluidized Bed Steam Reformer (FBSR) Na-Al-Si (NAS) Waste Form Qualification C.M. Jantzen and E.M. Pierce November 18, 2010 2 Participating Organizations 3 Incentive and Objectives FBSR sodium-aluminosilicate (NAS) waste form has been identified as a promising supplemental treatment technology for Hanford LAW Objectives: Reduce the risk associated with implementing the FBSR NAS waste form as a supplemental treatment technology for Hanford LAW Conduct test with actual tank wastes Use the best science to fill key data gaps Linking previous and new results together 4 Outline FBSR NAS waste form processing scales FBSR NAS waste form data/key assumptions FBSR NAS key data gaps FBSR NAS testing program 5 FBSR NAS Waste Form Processing

437

..&rrbt, Chief, Industrial Hy&na Branch, HerlthbrSas8byLaboratoly  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

tf..@ tf..@ ..&rrbt, Chief, Industrial Hy&na Branch, HerlthbrSas8byLaboratoly ;,.; , ' 1 ' @@w-w 3, 1954 P. B. Klevin, Indurtrial Hygiexn J5rantah, Barrlei &'afelky Lab0raM~ : . .A , 3 t :;p,: . NATIONAL LEiD OF OHIO ROLLINO OFERATIONS AT SIHONr>s SAW 6 STEEL- Amm', +I& y9, <: '.. SmBoLt HSHtPBK ' -: - St. Louis Area Office at the Simnds Saw and Steel Co., k&port, NJ., on tha &boVe clrtm, I oblruloed tb Mat;Lonal Uad umu&m and thorium roll- ing operations which were In pogress at the 16" and 10" mills respectively. Althm& hhls+urV8y w&d: ma& wltbout Qte dlx' aet request of the National Lead Co., I am reporting the results for your information. At the W aill whem 38 fh&m ingots were r&lad into lmgthaned rods,

438

Viscosity of NaCl and other solutions up to 350{sup 0}C and 50 MPa pressures  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Experimental values for the viscosity of sodium chloride solutions are critically reviewed for application to geothermal energy. Data published recently by Kestin, Los, Pepinov, and Semenyuk as well as earlier data are included. A theoretically based equation for calculating relative viscosity was developed, and used to generate tables of smoothed values over the ranges 20{sup 0}C to 350{sup 0}C, 0 to 5 m and pressures up to 50 MPa. The equation reproduces selected data to an average of better than 2 percent over the entire range of temperatures and pressures. Selected tables of data are included for KCl up to 150{sup 0}C, CaCl{sub 2} solutions up to 100{sup 0}C, and for mixtures of NaCl with KCl and CaCl{sub 2}. Recommendations are given for additional data needs.

Phillips, S.L.; Ozbek, H.; Igbene, A.; Litton, G.

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Evidence for the onset of deconfinement and quest for the critical point by NA49 at the CERN SPS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The NA49 results on hadron production obtained in PbPb collisions at SPS energies from 20 to 158 A GeV are shown and discussed as evidence for the onset of deconfinement. The primary measures are the pion yield, the kaon-to-pion ratio and the slope parameter of transverse mass distributions. The possible indication of the QCD critical point signatures was investigated in the event-by-event fluctuations of various observables such as the mean transverse momentum, particle multiplicity and azimuthal angle distributions as well as in the particle ratio fluctuations. The energy dependence of these observables was measured in central PbPb collisions in the full SPS energy range while for analysis of the system size dependence data from pp, CC, SiSi, and PbPb collisions at the top SPS energy were used.

Melkumov, G. L., E-mail: georgui.melkoumov@cern.ch [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation); Anticic, T. [Rudjer Boskovic Institute (Croatia); Baatar, B. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation); Barna, D. [KFKI Research Institute for Particle and Nuclear Physics (Hungary); Bartke, J. [Polish Academy of Sciences, H. Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics (Poland); Beck, H. [Fachbereich Physik der Universitaet (Germany); Betev, L. [CERN (Switzerland); Bialkowska, H. [Institute for Nuclear Studies (Poland); Blume, C. [Fachbereich Physik der Universitaet (Germany); Bogusz, M. [Warsaw University of Technology, Faculty of Physics (Poland); Boimska, B. [Institute for Nuclear Studies (Poland); Book, J. [Fachbereich Physik der Universitaet (Germany); Botje, M. [NIKHEF (Netherlands); Buncic, P. [CERN (Switzerland); Cetner, T. [Warsaw University of Technology, Faculty of Physics (Poland); Christakoglou, P. [NIKHEF (Netherlands); Chung, P. [Stony Brook University (SUNYSB), Department of Chemistry (United States); Chvala, O. [Charles University, Institute of Particle and Nuclear Physics (Czech Republic); Cramer, J. G. [University of Washington, Nuclear Physics Laboratory (United States); Eckardt, V. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Physik (Germany); and others

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

440

Final Report for the Study on S-Implanted Alloy 22 in 1 M NaCl Solutions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this study was to examine the effects of high levels of S in the near-surface region on the passivity of Alloy 22, a corrosion resistant Ni-Cr-Mo alloy, in deaerated 1 M NaCl solution. Near-surface concentrations of S up to 2 at.% were achieved in Alloy 22 test specimens by implanting them with S. The S-implanted samples were then evaluated in short-term electrochemical tests in the salt solution and subsequently analyzed with X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) for film thickness and composition. Specimens tested included non-implanted and annealed Alloy 22 samples, samples implanted with S, and blanks implanted with Ar as an ion that would simulate the damage of S implantation without the chemical effect. A sample of S-implanted Alloy 22 was also exposed to solution for 29 days and analyzed for evidence of S accumulation at the surface over longer times.

Windisch, Charles F.; Baer, Donald R.; Jones, R. H.; Engelhard, Mark H.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1989-2013 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Density functional theory studies on theelectronic, structural, phonon dynamicaland thermo-stability properties of bicarbonates MHCO3, M D Li, Na, K  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The structural, electronic, phonon dispersion and thermodynamic properties of MHCO3 (M D Li, Na, K) solids were investigated using density functional theory. The calculated bulk properties for both their ambient and the high-pressure phases are in good agreement with available experimental measurements. Solid phase LiHCO3 has not yet been observed experimentally. We have predicted several possible crystal structures for LiHCO3 using crystallographic database searching and prototype electrostatic ground state modeling. Our total energy and phonon free energy .FPH/ calculations predict that LiHCO3 will be stable under suitable conditions of temperature and partial pressures of CO2 and H2O. Our calculations indicate that the HCO􀀀 3 groups in LiHCO3 and NaHCO3 form an infinite chain structure through O#1; #1; #1;H#1; #1; #1;O hydrogen bonds. In contrast, the HCO􀀀 3 anions form dimers, .HCO􀀀 3 /2, connected through double hydrogen bonds in all phases of KHCO3. Based on density functional perturbation theory, the Born effective charge tensor of each atom type was obtained for all phases of the bicarbonates. Their phonon dispersions with the longitudinal opticaltransverse optical splitting were also investigated. Based on lattice phonon dynamics study, the infrared spectra and the thermodynamic properties of these bicarbonates were obtained. Over the temperature range 0900 K, the FPH and the entropies (S) of MHCO3 (M D Li, Na, K) systems vary as FPH.LiHCO3/ > FPH.NaHCO3/ > FPH.KHCO3/ and S.KHCO3/ > S.NaHCO3/ > S.LiHCO3/, respectively, in agreement with the available experimental data. Analysis of the predicted thermodynamics of the CO2 capture reactions indicates that the carbonate/bicarbonate transition reactions for Na and K could be used for CO2 capture technology, in agreement with experiments.

Duan, Yuhua; Zhang, Bo; Sorescu, Dan C.; Johnson, Karl; Majzoub, Eric H; Luebke, David R.

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

NaK pool-boiler bench-scale receiver durability test: Test results and materials analysis  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Pool-boiler reflux receivers have been considered as an alternative to heat pipes for the input of concentrated solar energy to Stirling-cycle engines in dish-Stirling electric generation systems. Pool boilers offer simplicity in design and fabrication. The operation of a full-scale pool-boiler receiver has been demonstrated for short periods of time. However, to generate cost-effective electricity, the receiver must operate Without significant maintenance for the entire system life, as much as 20 to 30 years. Long-term liquid-metal boiling stability and materials compatibility with refluxing NaK-78 is not known and must be determined for the pool boiler receiver. No boiling system has been demonstrated for a significant duration with the current porous boiling enhancement surface and materials. Therefore, it is necessary to simulate the full-scale pool boiler design as much as possible, including flux levels, materials, and operating cycles. On-sun testing is impractical because of the limited test time available. A test vessel was constructed with a porous boiling enhancement surface. The boiling surface consisted of a brazed stainless steel powder with about 50% porosity. The vessel was heated with a quartz lamp array providing about go W/CM2 peak incident thermal flux. The vessel was charged with NaK-78. This allows the elimination of costly electric preheating, both on this test and on fullscale receivers. The vessel was fabricated from Haynes 230 alloy. The vessel operated at 750{degrees}C around the clock, with a 1/2-hour shutdown cycle to ambient every 8 hours. The test completed 7500 hours of lamp-on operation time, and over 1000 startups from ambient. The test was terminated when a small leak in an Inconel 600 thermowell was detected. The test design and data are presented here. Metallurgical analysis of virgin and tested materials has begun, and initial results are also presented.

Andraka, C.E.; Goods, S.H.; Bradshaw, R.W.; Moreno, J.B.; Moss, T.A.; Jones, S.A.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

High temperature oxidation and NaCl-induced accelerated corrosion of hot-dip aluminized 9Cr-1Mo and 310 stainless steel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The behaviors of high temperature corrosion on hot-dip aluminized on 9Cr-1Mo and 310 stainless steels when catalyzed by NaCl and cyclic heating environment were studied experimentally. The corrosion behavior and morphological development were investigated by weight gain kinetics, metallographs, depths of attack, metal losses, and X-ray analyses. The results of 310SS deposited with salt mixtures show that weight gain kinetics in simple oxidation reveals a steady-state parabolic rate law after 3 hr, while the kinetics with salt deposits display multi-stage growth rates. NaCl is the main corrosive specie in high-temperature corrosion involving mixtures of NaCl/Na2SO4 and is responsible for the formation of internal attack. Uniform internal attack is the typical morphology of NaCl-induced hot corrosion, while the extent of intergranular attack is more pronounced as the content of Na2SO4 in the mixture is increased. The thermal-cycling test results of 310SS deposited NaCl and coated 7wt%Si/93wt%Al show that the aluminized layers have good corrosion resistance during the first four cycles of testing, while degradation occurs after testing for five cycles. The reason for degradation of aluminized layers is attributed to the formation of interconnecting voids caused by aluminum inward diffusion, chloridation/oxidation cyclic reactions and the penetration of molten NaCl through the voids into the alloy substrate. The 9Cr-1Mo steels coated with 7wt%Si/93wt%Al oxidized at 750, 850, and 950C in static air show that oxidation kinetics followed a parabolic rate law at 750 and 850 C. The cracks propagated through the FexAly layer due to the growth of brittle FeAl2 and Fe2Al5 at 750 and 850C. The voids condensed in the interface of intermetallics and substrate are attributed to the Kirkendall effect. At 950C, the fast growing aluminide layer has a different expansion coefficient than oxide scale, leading to scale cracking, oxygen penetration, and internal oxidized, evidenced by a rapid mass gain.

Tsaur, Charng-Cheng

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Two Homologous Intermetallic Phases in the Na-Au-Zn System with Sodium Bound in Unusual Paired Sites within 1D Tunnels  

SciTech Connect

The Na-Au-Zn system contains the two intermetallic phases Na(0.97(4))Au(2)Zn(4)(I) and Na(0.72(4))Au(2)Zn(2)(II) that are commensurately and incommensurately modulated derivatives of K(0.37)Cd(2), respectively. Compound I crystallizes in tetragonal space group P4/mbm (No. 127), a = 7.986(1) , c = 7.971(1) , Z = 4, as a 1 1 3 superstructure derivative of K(0.37)Cd(2)(I4/mcm). Compound II is a weakly incommensurate derivative of K(0.37)Cd(2) with a modulation vector q = 0.189(1) along c. Its structure was solved in superspace group P4/mbm(00g)00ss, a = 7.8799(6) , c = 2.7326(4) , Z = 2, as well as its average structure in P4/mbm with the same lattice parameters.. The Au-Zn networks in both consist of layers of gold or zinc squares that are condensed antiprismatically along c ([Au(4/2)Zn(4)Zn(4)Au(4/2)] for I and [Au(4/2)Zn(4)Au(4/2)] for II) to define fairly uniform tunnels. The long-range cation dispositions in the tunnels are all clearly and rationally defined by electron density (Fourier) mapping. These show only close, somewhat diffuse, pairs of opposed, ?50% occupied Na sites that are centered on (I)(shown) or between (II) the gold squares. Tight-binding electronic structure calculations via linear muffin-tin-orbital (LMTO) methods, assuming random occupancy of ? ?100% of nonpaired Na sites, again show that the major Hamilton bonding populations in both compounds arise from the polar heteroatomic Au-Zn interactions. Clear Na-Au (and lesser Na-Zn) bonding is also evident in the COHP functions. These two compounds are the only stable ternary phases in the (Cs,Rb,K,Na)-Au-Zn systems, emphasizing the special bonding and packing requirements in these sodium structures

Samal, Saroj L.; Lin, Qisheng; Corbett, John D.

2012-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

445

Optical properties of a solar-absorbing molten salt heat transfer fluid. [Eutectic mixture of KNO3, NaNO2, and NaNO3 with particle suspensions of cobalt oxides or copper oxides  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The optical absorption properties of a high temperature molten salt heat transfer fluid were measured from 0.35 ..mu..m to 2.5 ..mu..m using both hemispherical transmission and reflection techniques. This fluid has application as a direct-absorbing working fluid in a high temperature central receiver solar energy facility. The absorption spectrum of the pure molten fluid--a eutectic mixture of KNO/sub 3/, NaNO/sub 2/, and NaNO/sub 3/, known as Hitec (Du Pont trade name)--displays a fundamental absorption edge near 410 nm, which was found to shift to longer wavelength linearly with temperature. Throughout the remainder of the visible spectrum, the fluid is transparent. To enhance its solar absorption, particulate metallic oxides of Co or Cu were introduced into the fluid. Absorption spectra of these oxide particle suspensions in the molten salt were determined as a function of dopant concentration ranging from 0 to 0.1 wt% metal nitrate added to the Hitec. These measurements were carried out at 200/sup 0/C under flow conditions to cause a homogeneous suspension of particles. Special transmission and reflection flow cells were designed and constructed to handle 200/sup 0/C fluids. The suspended particles cause an additional optical absorption throughout the visible spectrum which is characteristic of the particular metallic oxide and closely follows a Beer-Lambert concentration dependence. The solar averaged absorption in a fixed layer thickness was calculated for various concentrations of the fluid-oxide mixtures. The fluid without oxide particles absorbs approximately 8% of the solar spectrum per cm of path length. Addition of 0.1 wt% of Co(NO/sub 3/)/sub 2/.6H/sub 2/O increases this absorption to approximately 90% per cm. Of the oxides studied, Co/sub 3/O/sub 4/ particle suspensions offer better solar absorption characteristics than CuO. Effects of particulate scattering on the measurements are discussed.

Drotning, W.D.

1977-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Prototype Tests for the Recovery and Conversion of UF6 Chemisorbed in NaF Traps for the Molten Salt Reactor Remediation Project  

SciTech Connect

The remediation of the Molten Salt Reactor Experiment (MSRE) site includes the removal of about 37 kg of uranium. Of that inventory, about 23 kg have already been removed from the piping system and chemisorbed in 25 NaF traps. This material is being stored in Building 3019. The planned recovery of -11 kg of uranium from the fuel salt will generate another 15 to 19 NaF traps. The remaining 2 to 3 kg of uranium are present in activated charcoal beds, which are also scheduled to be removed from the reactor site. Since all of these materials (NaF traps and the uranium-laden charcoal) are not suitable for long-term storage, they will be converted to a chemical form [uranium oxide], which is suitable for long-term storage. This document describes the process that will be used to recover and convert the uranium in the NaF traps into a stable oxide for long-term storage. Included are a description of the process, equipment, test results, and lessons learned. The process was developed for remote operation in a hot cell. Lessons learned from the prototype testing were incorporated into the process design.

Del Cul, G.D.; Icenhour, A.S.; Simmons, D.W.

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Prototype Tests for the Recovery and Conversion of UF6Chemisorbed in NaF Traps for the Molten Salt Reactor Remediation Project  

SciTech Connect

The remediation of the Molten Salt Reactor Experiment (MSRE) site includes the removal of about 37 kg of uranium. Of that inventory, about 23 kg have already been removed from the piping system and chemisorbed in 25 NaF traps. This material is being stored in Building 3019. The planned recovery of {approx}11 kg of uranium from the fuel salt will generate another 15 to 19 NaF traps. The remaining 2 to 3 kg of uranium are present in activated charcoal beds, which are also scheduled to be removed from the reactor site. Since all of these materials (NaF traps and the uranium-laden charcoal) are not suitable for long-term storage, they will be converted to a chemical form [uranium oxide (U{sub 3}O{sub 8})], which is suitable for long-term storage. This document describes the process that will be used to recover and convert the uranium in the NaF traps into a stable oxide for long-term storage. Included are a description of the process, equipment, test results, and lessons learned. The process was developed for remote operation in a hot cell. Lessons learned from the prototype testing were incorporated into the process design.

Del Cul, G.D.

2000-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

448

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C4, supplkment au no 4 , Tome 40, avril 1979, page C4-19 Band structures of NaCl structure uranium compounds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

structures of NaCl structure uranium compounds R. Allen and M. S. S. Brooks Commission of the European Karlsruhe 1, F.R.G. R6sum6. -Des calculs de structure de bande ont BtC accomplis pour les monopnictures d'uranium been made for the uranium monopnictides and for the monochalcogenide US. The band structures were

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

449

Measurement of the Low Energy Nuclear Response in NaI(Tl) Crystals for Use in Dark Matter Direct Detection Experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The response of low energy nuclear recoil in NaI(Tl) is investigated in the following experiment. Such detectors have been used recently to search for evidence of dark matter in the form of weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs). NaI(Tl) crystal response to nuclear recoil energy deposition is a key element in these searches. I discuss the cosmological and experimental motivations for these experiments, followed by an overview of the physics of direct detection and current relevant WIMP search experiments. With the experiment motivations covered, the details of NaI(Tl) detectors are reviewed. The specifics of our experiment are laid out including the neutron production, neutron beam calibration, shielding optimization, experimental design and setup. Then the crystal response calibration studies and Geant4 simulations are discussed followed by the final quenching factor values and uncertainties. This experiment measured quenching factors for sodium recoils in the energy range of (9 keV-40 keV) of 19%-27% QF. These results are similar to current published measurements. Interesting features of the QF measurements include an increase at low energies and a dip in the values at 30 keV, the iodine K-shell absorption edge. The goal of this experiment was to add valuable measurements of nuclear recoils at low energies that are relevant to low-mass WIMP experiments. Future plans will improve and expand on these measurements in order to better understand the response of NaI(Tl) at low energies.

Stiegler, Tyana Michele

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Simulation of the Bishop Steam Foam Pilot by T.W. Patzek and N.A. h4yhiil, Shell Development Co.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,.. SEW SPE 18786 Simulation of the Bishop Steam Foam Pilot by T.W. Patzek and N.A. h4yhiil, Shell a simple model of steam foam transport and apply it to the Shell Kern River Bishop pilot. The only an incremental 5.5 percent OOIP recovery due to steam foam and additional 3 percent OOIP due to infill wells

Patzek, Tadeusz W.

451

Thermodynamic Model for SnO2(cr) and SnO2(am) Solubility in the Aqueous Na+-H+ -OH- -Cl- -H2O System  

SciTech Connect

The solubility of SnO2(cassiterite) was studied at 23 ? 2?C as functions of time (7 49 days) and pH value (0-14.5). Steady state concentrations were reached in < 7 days. The data were interpreted using the SIT model. The data shows that SnO2(cassiterite) is the stable phase at pH values of < ~11.7. These extensive data provided a log10 K0 value of -64.39 0.30 for the reaction (SnO2(cassiterite) + 2H2O = Sn4+ + 4OH-) and values of 1.86 0.30, ? -0.62, -9.20 0.34, and -20.28 0.34 for the reaction (Sn4+ + nH2O = Sn(OH)n4-n + nH+) with values of n equal to 1, 4, 5, and 6 respectively. These thermodynamic hydrolysis constants were used to reinterpret the extensive literature data for SnO2(am) solubility, which provided a log10 K0 value of -61.80 0.29 for the reaction (SnO2(am) + 2H2O = Sn4+ + 4OH-). SnO2(cassiterite) is unstable under highly alkaline conditions (NaOH concentrations > 0.003 mol.dm-3) and transforms to a double salt of SnO2 and NaOH. Although additional well-focused studies will be required for confirmation, the experimental data in the highly alkaline region (0.003 to 3.5 mol.dm-3 NaOH) can be well described with log10 K0 of -5.29 0.35 for the reaction (Na2Sn(OH)6(s) = Na2Sn(OH)6(aq)).

Rai, Dhanpat; Yui, Mikazu; Schaef, Herbert T.; Kitamura, Akira

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Rapid gasification of nascent char in steam atmosphere during the pyrolysis of Na- and Ca-ion-exchanged brown coals in a drop-tube reactor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several recent studies on in situ steam gasification of coal suggest a possibility of extremely fast steam gasification of char from rapid pyrolysis of pulverized brown coal. The unprecedented rate of char steam gasification can be achieved by exposing nascent char, that is, after tar evolution (temperature range >600{sup o}C), but before devolatilization (coal samples, that is, H-form coal with Na/Ca contents coal with Na content = 2.8 wt % and Ca-form coal with Ca content = 3.2 wt %. These samples were pyrolyzed in an atmospheric drop-tube reactor at a temperature of 900{sup o}C, inlet steam concentration of 50 vol. %, and a particle residence times of 2.8 s. The char yields from the pyrolysis of Na-form and Ca-form coals were as low as 12 and 33% on the respective coal carbon bases, and accounted for only 18 and 53% of the char yields from the full devolatilization of the respective coals at 900{sup o}C. In addition, the pyrolysis also consumed as much as 0.7-1.1 mol of H{sub 2}O per mol of coal C. On the other hand, the nascent char from the H-form coal allowed carbon deposition from the nascent tar, resulting in a char yield as high as 115% of that from the full devolatilization. The chars from the Na-form and Ca-form coals also acted as catalysts for steam reforming of tar, which was evidenced by significant negative synergistic effects of blending of H-form coal with Na-form coal or Ca-form coal on the tar and soot yields. 57 refs., 6 figs.

Ondej Maek; Sou Hosokai; Koyo Norinaga; Chun-Zhu Li; Jun-ichiro Hayashi [Hokkaido University, Kita-ku (Japan). Center for Advanced Research of Energy Conversion Materials

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

453

Michigan Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

8.75 8.56 9.26 11.63 12.68 13.68 1989-2013 Commercial Average Price 7.67 7.51 7.84 8.78 9.69 10.30...

454

Iowa Natural Gas Consumption by End Use  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7,141 4,376 2,454 1,770 1,735 1989-2013 Industrial 14,103 15,326 13,493 13,477 13,182 12,556 2001-2013 Vehicle Fuel 0 0 0 0 0 0 2010-2013 Electric Power 739 748 529 836 745 2,273...

455

Florida Natural Gas Consumption by End Use  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4,424 4,002 4,172 1989-2013 Industrial 8,641 9,567 8,625 8,821 7,645 7,714 2001-2013 Vehicle Fuel 5 6 6 6 6 6 2010-2013 Electric Power 75,875 77,927 79,903 86,424 96,667...

456

Illinois Natural Gas Consumption by End Use  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7,454 7,492 1989-2013 Industrial 26,585 27,944 23,016 20,312 20,031 19,639 2001-2013 Vehicle Fuel 26 29 28 29 28 29 2010-2013 Electric Power 2,838 5,507 4,738 4,315 3,534...

457

Laboratory Test Report for Fujitsu 12RLS and Mitsubishi FE12NA Mini-Split Heat Pumps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mini-split heat pumps are being proposed as a new retrofit option to replace resistance heating in the Pacific Northwest. NREL has previously developed a field test protocol for mini-split systems to ensure consistent results from field tests. This report focuses on the development of detailed system performance maps for mini-split heat pumps so that the potential benefits of mini-split systems can be accurately analyzed for different climate regions and housing types. This report presents laboratory test results for two mini-split heat pumps. Steady-state heating and cooling performance for the Fujitsu 12RLS and Mitsubishi FE12NA was tested under a wide range of outdoor and indoor temperatures at various compressor and fan speeds. Cycling performance for each unit was also tested under both modes of operation. Both systems performed quite well under low loads and the experimental test data aligned with manufacturer reported values. Adequate datasets were attained to promote performance modeling of these two systems in the future.

Winkler, J.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Tropospheric Chemistry of Internally Mixed Sea Salt and Organic Particles: Surprising Reactivity of NaCl with Weak Organic Acids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Chemical imaging analysis of internally mixed sea salt/organic particles collected on board the Department of Energy (DOE) G-1 aircraft during the 2010 Carbonaceous Aerosols and Radiative Effects Study (CARES) was performed using electron microscopy and X-ray spectro-microscopy techniques. Substantial chloride depletion in aged sea salt particles was observed, which could not be explained by the known atmospheric reactivity of sea salt with inorganic nitric and sulfuric acids. We present field evidence that chloride components in sea salt particles may effectively react with organic acids releasing HCl gas to the atmosphere, leaving behind particles depleted in chloride and enriched in the corresponding organic salts. While formation of the organic salts products is not thermodynamically favored for bulk aqueous chemistry, these reactions in aerosol are driven by high volatility and irreversible evaporation of the HCl product from drying particles. These field observations were corroborated in a set of laboratory experiments where NaCl particles mixed with organic acids were found to be depleted in chloride. Combined together, the results indicate substantial chemical reactivity of sea salt particles with secondary organics that has been largely overlooked in the atmospheric aerosol chemistry. Atmospheric aging, and especially hydration-dehydration cycles of mixed sea salt/organic particles may result in formation of organic salts that will modify acidity, hygroscopic and optical properties of aged particles.

Laskin, Alexander; Moffet, Ryan C.; Gilles, Marry K.; Fast, Jerome D.; Zaveri, Rahul A.; Wang, Bingbing; Nigge, P.; Shutthanandan, Janani I.

2012-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

459

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

SEPT09OH Number of Entities NA Number of Retail Customers Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours) Percentage of Retail Sales Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)

460

Na-Batteries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 19, 2011... friction using nanolubricants between moving parts 3) Transfer: Improved thermal management using nanofluids in heat transfer applications...

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461

The generation of HCl in the system NaCl-KCl-H{sub 2}O-quartz at 600{degrees}C: Implications regarding HCl in natural systems at lower temperatures  

SciTech Connect

In experiments at 600C in the system NaCI-KCI-H2O, within the analytical uncertainty, stoichiometric quantities of Cl and total alkali metals (Na+K) appear to dissolve in steam coexisting with chloride-rich brine at high pressures in the absence of solid salt. In contrast, at lower pressures, where steam coexists with precipitated salts, significant excess chloride as associated hydrogen chloride (HCI) dissolves in steam. The HCI appears to be generated by the reaction of solid NaCl(s) (halite) with steam, producing solid NaOH(s) that diffuses into halite, forming a solid solution. Where HCI is present highly associated NaOH as well as associated NaCI appear to dissolve in steam, and the solubility of each is increased as the mole fraction of NaOH(s) in halite increases. In our quasi-static experiments, compared to dynamic flow-through experiments of others, higher initial ratios of H2O/NaCI have resulted in higher mole fractions of NaOH(s) in solid solution in halite and, accordingly, higher solubilities of NaCI" and NaOH" dissolved in steam. Addition of quartz to the system NaCI-KCI-H2O results in the formation of sodium disilicate by reaction of silica with NaOH(s) and an order of magnitude increase in the concentration of HCl dissolved in steam. In natural hydrothermal systems at lower temperatures where brine or brine plus steam are present in the absence of precipitated salt, the pH of the brine is controlled mainly by base exchange reactions involving a variety of silicates that fix Na+/H+ and K+/H+ activity ratios. Where feldspars are present pH values generally are near neutral. Where mica, but no feldspar is present pH values may become only moderately acid. High acidity in salt-absent brine systems occurs only where all feldspars and mica have been altered to other minerals (generally pyrophyllite/ kaolinite or alunite). The situation changes significantly when salt precipitates. Hydrolysis produces HCI by the reaction of water with NaCl when halite is present. The NaOH(s) that is produced as a byproduct is likely to react with quartz plus various alumino-silicates, producing a variety of alteration products and allowing steam to become greatly enriched in HCl compared to the composition of steam that is attained in the simple system NaCI-KCI-H2O with halite present. Also, when a natural high-temperature hydrothermal system changes from one in which the pore fluid is brine to one in which the pore fluid is dry steam there is a drastic change in Na+/H+ and K+/H+ activity ratios in the pore fluid because the hydrogen ions that were predominantly dissociated species in the brine become predominantly associated species in steam. The net result is the stabilization of alkali feldspars in contact with steam that may contain appreciable HCI that is produced by the reaction of precipitated salt with the steam.

Fournier, Robert O.; Thompson, J. Michael

1993-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

462

Correlation of the Na/K ratio in geothermal well waters with the thermodynamic properties of low albite and potash feldspar  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Na/K ratio in geothermal well waters provides a better estimate of the relative stability of low albite and potash feldspar than do predictions from calorimetry and high temperature phase equilibria. The calculated saturation indices from field data for low albite, potash feldspar suggest that [Delta]G[sub f,298][sup o] for the latter should be revised to [minus]3748.6[plus minus]3.7 kJ.mol[sup [minus]1].

Apps, J.A.; Chang, G.M.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Sales (thousand megawatthours)",177437,59446,2326,290,1449,17577,"NA",258525 "Percentage of Retail Sales",68.63,22.99,0.9,0.11,0.56,6.8,"NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales...

464

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

(thousand megawatthours)",2351888,557452,43710,411939,10219,379277,"NA",3754486 "Percentage of Retail Sales",62.64,14.85,1.16,10.97,0.27,10.1,"NA",100 "Revenue from Retail...

465

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C4, supplment au n 4, Tome 40, avril 1979, page C4-77 Shake-up satellites in the U4f E.S.C.A. spectra of NaCl-type uranium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-up satellites in the U4f E.S.C.A. spectra of NaCl-type uranium monocompounds: UN, UP, UAs and US E. Thibaut quatre composés d'uranium, tous de structure NaCl, sont décrits et discutés en vue d'une approche du caractère de la liaison chimique. Abstract. -- The U4f E.S.C.A. spectra of four NaCl-type uranium

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

466

Bacterial and Archaea Community Present in the Pine Barrens Forest of Long Island, NY: Unusually High Percentage of Ammonia Oxidizing Bacteria  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Of the few preserved areas in the northeast of United States, the soil in the Pine Barrens Forests presents a harsh environment for the microorganisms to grow and survive. In the current study we report the use of clustering methods to scientifically select the sampling locations that would represent the entire forest and also report the microbial diversity present in various horizons of the soil. Sixty six sampling locations were selected across the forest and soils were collected from three horizons (sampling depths). The three horizons were 0-10 cm (Horizon O); 11-25 cm (Horizon A) and 26-40 cm (Horizon B). Based on the total microbial substrate utilization pattern and K-means clustering analysis, the soil in the Pine Barrens Forest can be classified into four distinct clusters at each of the three horizons. One soil sample from each of the four clusters were selected and archaeal and bacterial populations within the soil studied using pyrosequencing method. The results show the microbial communities present in each of these clusters are different. Within the microbial communities present, microorganisms involved in nitrogen cycle occupy a major fraction of microbial community in the soil. High level of diversity was observed for nitrogen fixing bacteria. In contrast, Nitrosovibrio and Nitrosocaldus spp are the single bacterial and archaeal population respectively carrying out ammonia oxidation in the soil.

Shah, V.; Green, T.; Shah, V.; Shah, S.; Kambhampati, M.; Ambrose, J.; Smith, N.; Dowd, S.; McDonnell, K.; Panigrahi, B.

2011-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

467

Synthesis, characterization, and ion exchange properties of a sodium nonatitanate, Na4Ti9O20.xH2O  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

During the Cold War, the Hanford Weapons Site in Richland, Washington, produced weapons grade plutonium which first needed to be separated from the other products using the PUREX process (plutonium and uranium extraction). As a by product of this process, millions of cubic meters of highly acidic radioactive waste were produced which are now stored in million gallon tanks at the Hanford site. Over the years, some tanks have been known to leak and some are even in danger of exploding. Because of these problems, the waste needs to be removed from these tanks and given permanent, safe storage. The purpose of this research is to produce a more efficient ion exchanger to separate the highly radioactive isotopes (9oSr, 137 Cs and transuranics) from the large quantities of inert salts. The smaller volume of high level waste produced can then be vitrified in glass and stored, while the low level waste can be poured into less expensive cement and glass. In this work, different parameters of the synthesis of the sodium nonatitanate ion exchanger, Na4Ti9O2OoxH20, such as the Na and Ti reactants, the heating time, oven temperature, Na:Ti mole ratio, and heating method, were altered and their effects on Sr2' ion exchange selectivity were examined. For example, the heating time was varied from I day to 2, 3, 7, and 30 days. Although the crystallinity remained the same from the I day to the 2 day sample, as the heating time further increased, the crystallinity improved. The most Sr selective material was the 2 day sample with a Kd (distribution coefficient) of 1.22x 106 MI/g in O.lM Na/ O.OOIM Sr solution. The Kd's steadily decreased as the sample crystallinity increased with a maximum Kd of only 1.6OxlO5 in O.OIM Na/ O.OO I M Sr solution after a heating time of 30 days. However, in a simulated waste such as NCAW, the 2 day sample gave a Kd of only 1.44x 105 MI/g, while the I day sample gave a value of 2.50x 105 . This indicates that the nonatitanate synthesis needs to be uniquely designed to optimize Sr 2+ removal in each specific type of waste to be remediated.

Graziano, Gina Marie

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Neutron and X-ray diffraction studies on the high temperature phase of Mn{sub 3}(VO{sub 4}){sub 2}, the new isostructural compound NaMn{sub 4}(VO{sub 4}){sub 3} and their mixed crystals Na{sub x}Mn{sub 4.5-x/2}(VO{sub 4}){sub 3} (0{<=}x{<=}1)  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a detailed structure analysis (combined Rietveld analysis of X-ray and neutron powder diffraction data as well as quantum mechanical calculations) of the high temperature phase of Mn{sub 3}(VO{sub 4}){sub 2} (space group I4 Macron 2d). Special attention is directed to the analysis of the local coordination around Mn{sup 2+} ions or vacancies within a stella quadrangula configuration of anions. Furthermore, the new compound NaMn{sub 4}(VO{sub 4}){sub 3} is described as well as a range of mixed crystals between NaMn{sub 4}(VO{sub 4}){sub 3} and Mn{sub 3}(VO{sub 4}){sub 2} (described by the formula Na{sub x}Mn{sub 4.5-x/2}(VO{sub 4}){sub 3}, 0{<=}x{<=}1) which were synthesized by a solid state route. All compounds were shown to be isostructural to the high temperature phase Mn{sub 3}(VO{sub 4}){sub 2}. - Graphical abstract: The crystal structure of the new compound NaMn{sub 4}(VO{sub 4}){sub 3}. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We present neutron and X-ray diffraction studies on high temperature-Mn{sub 3}(VO{sub 4}){sub 2}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Structural details of partly filled stellae quadrangulae positions are discussed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Refined structural parameters and theoretical calculations are compared. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We investigate the mixed crystal system Mn{sub 3}(VO{sub 4}){sub 2}-NaMn{sub 4}(VO{sub 4}){sub 3}.

Clemens, Oliver [Universitaet des Saarlandes, Institut fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie und Radiochemie, Am Markt, Zeile 5, 66125 Saarbruecken (Germany)] [Universitaet des Saarlandes, Institut fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie und Radiochemie, Am Markt, Zeile 5, 66125 Saarbruecken (Germany); Haberkorn, Robert [Universitaet des Saarlandes, Anorganische Festkoerperchemie, Am Markt, Zeile 3, 66125 Saarbruecken (Germany)] [Universitaet des Saarlandes, Anorganische Festkoerperchemie, Am Markt, Zeile 3, 66125 Saarbruecken (Germany); Springborg, Michael [Universitaet des Saarlandes, Physikalische und Theoretische Chemie, Campus B2 2, 66123 Saarbruecken (Germany)] [Universitaet des Saarlandes, Physikalische und Theoretische Chemie, Campus B2 2, 66123 Saarbruecken (Germany); Beck, Horst Philipp, E-mail: hp.beck@mx.uni-saarland.de [Universitaet des Saarlandes, Institut fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie und Radiochemie, Am Markt, Zeile 5, 66125 Saarbruecken (Germany)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

469

SV_Jurij.qxd 19/07/2002 08:59 Page 1 Podru`ni~na cerkev v Tacnu je posve~ena sv. Juriju, mu~encu.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tronu je cerkveni zavetnik sv. Jurij, rimski vojak, ki s sulico prebada zmaja. Slike za zapiranje trona ni. Ob stenah trona so stirje evangelisti: desno ob njem sv. Marko, na obhodnem loku sv. Matej, levo

Silc, Jurij

470

Local Effects in the X-ray Absorption Spectrum of CaCl2, MgCl2, and NaCl Solutions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Both first principles molecular dynamics and theoretical X-ray absorption spectroscopy have been used to investigate the aqueous solvation of cations in 0.5 M MgCl{sub 2}, CaCl{sub 2}, and NaCl solutions. We focus here on the species-specific effects that Mg{sup 2+}, Ca{sup 2+}, and Na{sup +}, have on the X-ray absorption spectrum of the respective solutions. For the divalent cations, we find that the hydrogen bonding characteristics of the more rigid magnesium first shell water molecules differ from those in the more flexible solvation shell surrounding calcium. In particular, the first solvation shell water molecules of calcium are accessible to forming acceptor hydrogen bonds, and this results in an enhancement of a post-edge peak near 540 eV. The absence of acceptor hydrogen bonds for magnesium first shell water molecules provides an explanation for the experimental and theoretical observation of a lack of enhancement at the post-main-edge peak. For the sodium monovalent cation we find that the broad tilt angle distribution results in a broadening of post-edge features, despite populations in donor-and-acceptor configurations consistent with calcium. We also present the re-averaged spectra of the MgCl{sub 2}, CaCl{sub 2}, and NaCl solutions and show that trends apparent with increasing concentration (0.5 M, 2.0 M, 4.0 M) are consistent with experiment. Finally, we examine more closely both the effect that cation coordination number has on the hydrogen bonding network and the relative perturbation strength of the cations on lone pair oxygen orbitals.

Kulik, H J; Correa Tedesco, A A; Schwegler, E; Prendergast, D; Galli, G

2010-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

471

Crystal and magnetic structures and physical properties of a new pyroxene NaMnGe2O6 synthesized under high pressure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new pyroxene NaMnGe2O6 has been synthesized at 3 GPa and 800 C, and fully characterized by x-ray single-crystal diffraction and neutron powder diffraction, measurements of magnetization and specific heat. Like other majority sodium pyroxenes, NaMnGe2O6 crystallizes into a monoclinic C2/c structure with unit-cell parameters a = 9.859(2) , b = 8.7507(18) , c = 5.5724(11) , and =105.64(3) at room temperature. The crystal structure is featured by quasi-one-dimensional chains of skew edge-sharing MnO6 octahedra running along the crystallographic c axis; these chains are connected by non-magnetic GeO4 tetrahedra, so as to lead to a low-dimensional magnetism. The highly distorted MnO6 octahedron consisting of three Mn-O bond lengths, i.e. 1.918 , 1.991 , and 2.198 , is consistent with the Jahn-Teller effect at Mn3+ in a cubic crystal field. A long-range cooperative Jahn-Teller distortion is formed by ordering longest Mn-O bonds between two neighboring octahedra along the chain direction. No orbital order-disorder transition has been found up to 750 K as checked by magnetic susceptibility. Like other alkali-metal pyroxenes with S > , NaMnGe2O6 (S = 2) was found to undergo a long-range antiferromagnetic ordering at TN = 7 K at low magnetic field due to the exchange interactions along and between chains. Due to the peculiar structural features and the corresponding magnetic coupling, the weak AF spin ordering gives way to a ferromagnetic-like state at a sufficiently high magnetic field. Specific-heat measurements demonstrated that a large portion of the magnetic entropy, i.e. > 60 %, has been removed above TN as a result of strong spin correlations within the quasi-one-dimensional Mn3+-spin chains. Neutron powder diffraction study suggests a commensurate magnetic structure defined by k = [0 0 0.5] with Mn moments aligned along the c axis. The present study on NaMnGe2O6 completed the evolution of magnetic properties as a function of the d-orbital occupancy from d1 to d5 in the magnetic pyroxenes.

Yan, Jiaqiang [ORNL; Tian, Wei [ORNL; May, Andrew F [ORNL; Cheng, J G [University of Texas, Austin; Zhou, J.-S. [University of Texas, Austin; Garlea, Vasile O [ORNL; Neuefeind, Joerg C [ORNL; Steinfink, Hugo [University of Texas, Austin; Lynch, V [University of Texas, Austin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Electrochemical corrosion studies on copper-base waste package container materials in unirradiated 0.1 N NaNO{sub 3} at 95{degrees}C  

SciTech Connect

Three candidate materials were investigated in this study in terms of their electrochemical corrosion behavior in unirradiated 0.1 N NaNO{sub 3} solutions at 95{degrees}C. Anodic polarization experiments were conducted to determine the passive current densities, pitting potentials, and other parameters, together with Cyclic Current Reversal Voltammetry tests to evaluate the stability and protectiveness of the passive oxides formed. X-ray diffraction and Auger Electron Spectroscopy were used for identification of the corrosion products as well as Scanning Electron Microscopy for the surface morphology studies. 2 refs., 22 figs., 2 tabs.

Akkaya, M.; Verink, E.D. Jr. [Florida Univ., Gainesville, FL (USA); Van Konynenburg, R.A. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (USA)

1988-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Structure and temperature-dependent phase transitions of lead-free Bi[subscript 1/2]Na[subscript 1/2]TiO[subscript 3]?Bi[subscript 1/2]K[subscript 1/2]TiO[subscript 3]?K[subscript 0.5]Na[subscript 0.5]NbO[subscript 3] piezoceramics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Structure and phase transitions of (1-y)((1-x)Bi{sub 1/2}Na{sub 1/2}TiO{sub 3}-xBi{sub 1/2}K{sub 1/2}TiO{sub 3})-yK{sub 0.5}Na{sub 0.5}NbO{sub 3} (x; y) piezoceramics (0.1 {le} x {le} 0.4; 0 {le} y {le} 0.05) were investigated by transmission electron microscopy, neutron diffraction, temperature-dependent x-ray diffraction, and Raman spectroscopy. The local crystallographic structure at room temperature (RT) does not change by adding K{sub 0.5}Na{sub 0.5}NbO{sub 3} to Bi{sub 1/2}Na{sub 1/2}TiO{sub 3}-xBi{sub 1/2}K{sub 1/2}TiO{sub 3} for x = 0.2 and 0.4. The average crystal structure and microstructure on the other hand develop from mainly long-range polar order with ferroelectric domains to short-range order with polar nanoregions displaying a more pronounced relaxor character. The (0.1; 0) and (0.1; 0.02) compositions exhibit monoclinic Cc space group symmetry, which transform into Cc + P4bm at 185 and 130 C, respectively. This high temperature phase is stable at RT for the morphotropic phase boundary compositions of (0.1; 0.05) and all compositions with x = 0.2. For the compositions of (0.1; 0) and (0.1; 0.02), local structural changes on heating are evidenced by Raman; for all other compositions, changes in the long-range average crystal structure were observed.

Anton, Eva-Maria; Schmitt, Ljubomira Ana; Hinterstein, Manuel; Trodahl, Joe; Kowalski, Ben; Jo, Wook; Kleebe, Hans-Joachim; Rdel, Jrgen; Jones, Jacob L. (TU Darmstadt); (VUW); (Florida)

2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

474

High performance Na-doped PbTe-PbS thermoelectric materials: electronic density of states modification and shaped-controlled nanostructures.  

SciTech Connect

Thermoelectric heat-to-power generation is an attractive option for robust and environmentally friendly renewable energy production. Historically, the performance of thermoelectric materials has been limited by low efficiencies, related to the thermoelectric figure-of-merit ZT. Nanostructuring thermoelectric materials have shown to enhance ZT primarily via increasing phonon scattering, beneficially reducing lattice thermal conductivity. Conversely, density-of-states (DOS) engineering has also enhanced electronic transport properties. However, successfully joining the two approaches has proved elusive. Herein, we report a thermoelectric materials system whereby we can control both nanostructure formations to effectively reduce thermal conductivity, while concurrently modifying the electronic structure to significantly enhance thermoelectric power factor. We report that the thermoelectric system PbTe-PbS 12% doped with 2% Na produces shape-controlled cubic PbS nanostructures, which help reduce lattice thermal conductivity, while altering the solubility of PbS within the PbTe matrix beneficially modifies the DOS that allow for enhancements in thermoelectric power factor. These concomitant and synergistic effects result in a maximum ZT for 2% Na-doped PbTe-PbS 12% of 1.8 at 800 K.

Girard, S. N.; He, J.; Zhou, X.; Shoemaker, D.; Jaworski, C. M.; Uher, C.; Dravid, V. P.; Heremans, J. P.; Kanatzidis, M. G. (Materials Science Division); (Northwestern Univ.); (Univ. Michigan-Ann Arbor); (Ohio State Univ.)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

High-Energy Threshold Reaction Rates on 0.8 GeV Proton-Irradiated Thick W and W-Na Targets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Threshold activation reaction rates in 12C, 19F, 27Al, 59Co, 63Cu, 65Cu, 64Zn, 93Nb, 115In, 169Tm, 181Ta, 197Au, and 209Bi experimental samples placed along the axis inside and outside the 0.8 GeV proton-irradiated 92-cm thick W-Na and 4-cm thick W targets where measured at the ITEP proton synchrotron. 158 reactions of up to +AH4-0.5 GeV thresholds have been measured in 123 activation samples for W-Na target, and 157 reactions in 36 activation samples for W target. The reaction rates were determined using the gamma-spectrometry method. In total, more than 1000 values of activation reactions were determined in the experiments. In both cases the measured reaction rates were compared with the LAHET code simulated rates and using several nuclear databases for the respective excitation functions, namely, ENDF/B6 for cross section of neutrons at energies below 20 MeV and MENDL2 together with MENDL2P for cross sections of protons and neutrons of 20 to 100 MeV energies. A general satisfactory agreement between simulated and experimental data has been found.

Yu. E. Titarenko; V. F. Batyaev; E. I. Karpikhin; V. M. Zhivun; A. B. Koldobsky; R. D. Mulambetov; S. V. Mulambetova; S. L. Zaitsev; S. G. Mashnik; R. E. Prael

2004-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

476

A first-principles density functional theory study of the electronic structural and thermodynamic properties of M2ZrO3 and M2CO3 (M=Na, K) and their capabilities for CO2 capture  

SciTech Connect

Alkali metal zirconates could be used as solid sorbents for CO{sub 2} capture. The structural, electronic, and phonon properties of Na{sub 2}ZrO{sub 3}, K{sub 2}ZrO{sub 3}, Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3}, and K{sub 2}CO{sub 3} are investigated by combining the density functional theory with lattice phonon dynamics. The thermodynamics of CO{sub 2} absorption/desorption reactions of these two zirconates are analyzed. The calculated results show that their optimized structures are in a good agreement with experimental measurements. The calculated band gaps are 4.339 eV (indirect), 3.641 eV (direct), 3.935 eV (indirect), and 3.697 eV (direct) for Na{sub 2}ZrO{sub 3}, K{sub 2}ZrO{sub 3}, Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3}, and K{sub 2}CO{sub 3}, respectively.The calculated phonon dispersions and phonon density of states for M{sub 2}ZrO{sub 3} and M{sub 2}CO{sub 3} (M = K, Na, Li) revealed that from K to Na to Li, their frequency peaks are shifted to high frequencies due to the molecular weight decreased from K to Li. From the calculated reaction heats and relationships of free energy change versus temperatures and CO{sub 2} pressures of the M{sub 2}ZrO{sub 3} (M = K, Na, Li) reacting with CO{sub 2}, we found that the performance of Na{sub 2}ZrO{sub 3} capturing CO{sub 2} is similar to that of Li{sub 2}ZrO{sub 3} and is better than that of K{sub 2}ZrO{sub 3}. Therefore, Na{sub 2}ZrO{sub 3} and Li{sub 2}ZrO{sub 3} are good candidates of high temperature CO{sub 2} sorbents and could be used for post combustion CO{sub 2} capture technologies.

Yuhua Duan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Crystal structure and magnetic properties of NaCu{sup II}[(Cu{sup II}{sub 3}O)(PO{sub 4}){sub 2}Cl  

SciTech Connect

A new copper(II) oxide phosphate chloride, NaCu{sup II}[(Cu{sup II}{sub 3}O)(PO{sub 4}){sub 2}Cl], has been synthesized by flux synthesis. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction data show that the title compound crystallizes in the monoclinic system, space group P2{sub 1}/c (No. 14), with lattice parameters a=8.392(2) A, b=6.3960(10) A, c=16.670(2) A, {beta}=109.470(10) Degree-Sign , V=843.6(3) A{sup 3}, Z=4. The crystal structure is characterized by a complex chain of copper-centered polyhedra running along [0 1 0] which are connected by phosphate tetrahedra. The resulting three-dimensional polyhedra framework exhibits channels filled by additional copper and sodium atoms. Field and temperature dependent measurements of the specific heat and the magnetic susceptibility reveal low-dimensional magnetic behavior. The compound starts to decompose at 700 K under release of oxygen and evaporation of Cu{sup I}Cl as shown by simultaneous thermogravimetry and mass spectrometry. - Graphical abstract: The crystal structure of the new copper(II) phosphate chloride, NaCu{sup II}[(Cu{sup II}{sub 3}O)(PO{sub 4}){sub 2}Cl], exhibits linear chains of copper tetrahedra which show low-dimensional magnetic behavior proven by specific heat and magnetic susceptibility measurements. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A new copper(II) oxide phosphate chloride, NaCu{sup II}[(Cu{sup II}{sub 3}O)(PO{sub 4}){sub 2}Cl], has been synthesized by flux synthesis. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The crystal structure comprises chains of Cu{sub 4}O tetrahedra. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Low-dimensional behavior has been proven by magnetic and specific heat measurements. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer On heating, Cu{sup I}Cl and oxygen are released shown by simultaneous thermogravimetry and mass spectrometry.

Jin Tengteng [Key Laboratory of Transparent Opto-Functional Inorganic Materials, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dingxi Rd. 1295, Shanghai 200050 (China); Liu Wei [Institute of Science and Engineering of Materials, Ocean University of China, Qingdao (China); Chen Shuang; Prots, Yurii; Schnelle, Walter [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Chemische Physik fester Stoffe, Noethnitzer Str. 40, 01187 Dresden (Germany); Zhao Jingtai [Key Laboratory of Transparent Opto-Functional Inorganic Materials, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dingxi Rd. 1295, Shanghai 200050 (China); Kniep, Ruediger [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Chemische Physik fester Stoffe, Noethnitzer Str. 40, 01187 Dresden (Germany); Hoffmann, Stefan, E-mail: stefan.hoffmann@cpfs.mpg.de [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Chemische Physik fester Stoffe, Noethnitzer Str. 40, 01187 Dresden (Germany)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

478

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Synthesis and Stability of NaSICON for Sodium-Based Batteries - Dave Ingersoll & Erik Spoerke, SNL  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

No No c rossover, e liminates c athode---anode m aterials c ompa4bility i ssues * Planar b ipolar s tacks & fl ow d esigns a re p ossible Phosphate G lasses Silicate G lasses Engineered s ol---gel p rocessing a llows f or l ower t emperature p rocessing a nd t ailoring o f NaSICON c omposi4on t o a ddress s econdary Z rO 2 f orma4on. Reducing fi ring t emperature below 1 100 o C o r i ntroducing a small e xcess o f s odium t o t he sol---gel p recursors d rama4cally reduces Z rO 2 f orma4on. !" #!" $!!" $#!" %!!" %#!" &!!" &#!" '!!" ()*+*)",-."%/" 012*)",-."$&/" !!"#$%&#'()*+,-# 3*4*)56" 7*8)56*9:" 35+*9:" ;<52-<5892" ! "#!µ$! !"#$%&'"(% $#))"*+,$% -*.))/% 012*3)#"1%

479

Gamow-Teller strengths in 24Na using the 24Mg(t,3He) reaction at 115 AMeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gamow-Teller transitions from 24Mg to 24Na were studied via the (t,3He) reaction at 115 AMeV using a secondary triton beam produced via fast fragmentation of 150 AMeV 16O ions. Compared to previous (t,3He) experiments at this energy that employed a primary alpha beam, the secondary beam intensity is improved by about a factor of five. Despite the large emittance of the secondary beam, an excitation-energy resolution of ~200 keV is achieved. A good correspondence is found between the extracted Gamow-Teller strength distribution and those available from other charge-exchange probes. Theoretical calculations using the newly developed USDA and USDB sd-shell model interactions reproduce the data well.

M. E. Howard; R. G. T. Zegers; Sam M. Austin; D. Bazin; B. A. Brown; A. L. Cole; B. Davids; M. Famiano; Y. Fujita; A. Gade; D. Galaviz; G. W. Hitt; M. Matos; S. D. Reitzner; C. Samanta; L. J. Schradin; Y. Shimbara; E. E. Smith; C. Simenel

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

480

First-principles calculations of the electronic structure and optical properties of K{sub 1-x}Na{sub x}TaO{sub 3} (x=0, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1)  

SciTech Connect

The first-principles calculations are performed to investigate the cubic phase composite K{sub 1-x}Na{sub x}TaO{sub 3}(x=0, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1), by using density functional theory (DFT) with the full potential linearized augmented plane wave (FP-LAPW) method. The energy band structures, density of states (DOS), electron density and optical properties are obtained. The results show that Na ion plays an important role in K{sub 1-x}Na{sub x}TaO{sub 3}. With the content of Na ion increasing, the changes of lattice parameters, energy gaps, bond lengths and optical properties of K{sub 1-x}Na{sub x}TaO{sub 3} are regular. Moreover, the dependence of ferroelectric photocatalysis on both optical properties and internal electronic structure are analyzed in detail. It is proposed that the doped materials are promising photocatalytic materials. - Graphical abstract: The density of states (DOS) of K{sub 1-x}Na{sub x}TaO{sub 3} (x=0.5). Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The first-principles calculations are performed, by using DFT with FP-LAPW method. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The changes of internal electronic structure and optical property of doped materials are regular. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The dependence of ferroelectric photocatalysis on optical properties is analyzed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The dependence of ferroelectric photocatalysis on internal electronic structure is analyzed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The doped materials are promising photocatalytic materials.

Zhao, Na [Department of Physics, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116 (China) [Department of Physics, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116 (China); College of Science, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073 (China); Wang, Yue-Hua, E-mail: wyhxxll@163.com [Department of Physics, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116 (China)] [Department of Physics, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116 (China); Wang, Qing-Xi; Hu, Wen-Jing [Department of Physics, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116 (China)] [Department of Physics, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116 (China)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1989-2013 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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481

Relationship between calcium loading and impaired energy metabolism during Na+, K+ pump inhibition and metabolic inhibition in cultured neonatal rat cardiac myocytes  

SciTech Connect

This study tested the hypothesis that the initiating mechanism is a major determinant of the response to calcium (Ca) accumulation in myocardium. Cultured neonatal rat ventriculocytes were exposed to Na+, K+ pump inhibition with 1 mM ouabain and metabolic inhibition with 20 mM 2-deoxy-D-glucose and 1 mM cyanide (DOG-CN) for up to 2 h. Microspectrofluorometry of myocytes loaded with fura-2 showed that ouabain resulted in a relatively rapid increase in (Ca2+)i up to 2-3 microM (two to threefold above peak systolic level) and that DOG-CN produced an initial decrease and then a relatively slow increase in (Ca2+)i up to peak systolic level. Electron probe x-ray microanalysis (EPMA) showed prominent increases in Na and Ca and decreases in K and Mg in cytoplasm and mitochondria with both interventions, although the increases in Ca were greater with ouabain than DOG-CN. ATP was reduced by 58% after 1 and 2 h of ouabain and by 70 and 90% after 1 and 2 h of DOG-CN, respectively. Thus, ouabain produced greater calcium accumulation and less ATP reduction than DOG-CN. Upon return to normal medium for 30 min, myocytes showed recovery of most electrolyte alterations and resumption of normal Ca2+ transients after 1 h exposure to either ouabain or DOG-CN; however, recovery was less after 2 h of either treatment, with elevated (Ca2+)i maintained in many myocytes. We conclude that the severity of myocyte injury is influenced by the magnitude and duration of both ATP reduction and calcium accumulation.

Morris, A.C.; Hagler, H.K.; Willerson, J.T.; Buja, L.M.

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Michigan" Michigan" "Number of Entities",8,41,"NA",10,1,12,2,74 "Number of Retail Customers",4149290,304011,"NA",317505,5,7408,"NA",4778219 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",83115,7564,"NA",3886,"*",9084,"NA",103649 "Percentage of Retail Sales",80.19,7.3,"NA",3.75,"*",8.76,"NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",8390,697,"NA",437,"*",560,161,10245 "Percentage of Revenue",81.9,6.8,"NA",4.26,"*",5.47,1.57,100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",10.09,9.21,"NA",11.23,8.88,6.17,1.77,9.88 "kWh = Kilowatthours." "* = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 and values under 0.5 are shown as *)

483

Conventional and Stuffed Bergman-Type Phases in the Na-Au-T (T=Ga, Ge, Sn) Systems: Synthesis, Structures, Coloring of Cluster Centers, and Fermi Sphere - Brillouin Zone Interactions  

SciTech Connect

Bergman-type phases in the Na?Au?T (T = Ga, Ge, and Sn) systems were synthesized by solid-state means and structurally characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies. Two structurally related (1/1) Bergman phases were found in the Na? Au?Ga system: (a) a conventional Bergman-type (CB) structure, Na26AuxGa54?x, which features empty innermost icosahedra, as refined with x = 18.1 (3), Im3?, a = 14.512(2) , and Z = 2; (b) a stuffed Bergman-type (SB) structure, Na26AuyGa55?y, which contains Gacentered innermost icosahedra, as refined with y = 36.0 (1), Im3?, a = 14.597(2) , and Z = 2. Although these two subtypes have considerable phase widths along with respective tie lines at Na ? 32.5 and 32.1 atom %, they do not merge into a continuous solid solution. Rather, a quasicrystalline phase close to the Au-poor CB phase and an orthorhombic derivative near the Au-rich SB phase lie between them. In contrast, only Au-rich SB phases exist in the Ge and Sn systems, in which the innermost icosahedra are centered by Au rather than Ge or Sn. These were refined for Na26Au40.93(5)Ge14.07(5) (Im3?, a = 14.581(2) , and Z = 2) and Na26Au39.83(6)Sn15.17(6) (Im3?, a = 15.009(2) , and Z = 2), respectively. Occupations of the centers of Bergman clusters are rare. Such centering and coloring correlate with the sizes of the neighboring icosahedra, the size ratios between electropositive and electronegative components, and the values of the average valence electron count per atom (e/a). Theoretical calculations revealed that all of these phases are Hume?Rothery phases, with evident pseudogaps in the density of states curves that arise from the interactions between Fermi surface and Brillouin zone boundaries corresponding to a strong diffraction intensity.

Lin, Qisheng; Smetana, Volodymur; Miller, Gordon J.; Corbett, John D

2012-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

484

Molecular dynamics simulations of the electrical double layer on smectite surfaces contacting concentrated mixed electrolyte (NaCl-CaCl2)  

SciTech Connect

We report new molecular dynamics results elucidating the structure of the electrical double layer (EDL) on smectite surfaces contacting mixed NaCl-CaCl{sup 2} electrolyte solutions in the range of concentrations relevant to pore waters in geologic repositories for CO{sub 2} or high-level radioactive waste (0.34-1.83 mol{sub c} dm{sup -3}). Our results confirm the existence of three distinct ion adsorption planes (0-, {beta}-, and d-planes), often assumed in EDL models, but with two important qualifications: (1) the location of the {beta}- and d-planes are independent of ionic strength or ion type and (2) 'indifferent electrolyte' ions can occupy all three planes. Charge inversion occurred in the diffuse ion swarm because of the affinity of the clay surface for CaCl{sup +} ion pairs. Therefore, at concentrations 0.34 mol{sub c} dm{sup -3}, properties arising from long-range electrostatics at interfaces (electrophoresis, electro-osmosis, co-ion exclusion, colloidal aggregation) will not be correctly predicted by most EDL models. Co-ion exclusion, typically neglected by surface speciation models, balanced a large part of the clay mineral structural charge in the more concentrated solutions. Water molecules and ions diffused relatively rapidly even in the first statistical water monolayer, contradicting reports of rigid 'ice-like' structures for water on clay mineral surfaces.

Bourg, I.C.; Sposito, G.

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

LBNL-4183E-rev1 N NA AT TU UR RA AL L G GA AS S V VA AR RI  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4183E-rev1 4183E-rev1 N NA AT TU UR RA AL L G GA AS S V VA AR RI IA AB BI IL LI IT TY Y I IN N C CA AL LI IF FO OR RN NI IA A: : E EN NV VI IR RO ON NM ME EN NT TA AL L I IM MP PA AC CT TS S A AN ND D D DE EV VI IC CE E P PE ER RF FO OR RM MA AN NC CE E E EX XP PE ER RI IM ME EN NT TA AL L E EV VA AL LU UA AT TI IO ON N O OF F I IN NS ST TA AL LL LE ED D C CO OO OK KI IN NG G E EX XH HA AU US ST T F FA AN N P PE ER RF FO OR RM MA AN NC CE E Brett C. Singer, William W. Delp and Michael G. Apte Indoor Environment Department Atmospheric Sciences Department Environmental Energy Technologies Division July 2011 (Revised February 2012) Disclaimer 1 This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The Regents of the University of California, nor any of

486

Testing Buda-Lund hydro model on particle correlations and spectra in NA44, WA93 and WA98 heavy ion experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analytic and numerical approximations to a hydrodynamical model describing longitudinally expanding, cylindrically symmetric, finite systems are fitted to preliminary NA44 data measured in 200 AGeV central $S + Pb$ reactions. The model describes the measured spectra and HBT radii of pions, kaons and protons, simultaneously. The source is characterized by a central freeze-out temperature of T_0 = 154 +/- 8 +/- 11 MeV, a "surface" temperature of T_r = 107 +/- 28 +/- 18 MeV and by a well-developed transverse flow, = 0.53 +/- 0.17 +/- 0.11. The transverse geometrical radius and the mean freeze-out time are found to be R_G = 5.4 +/- 0.9 +/- 0.7 fm and tau_0 = 5.1 +/- 0.3 +/- 0.3 fm/c, respectively. Fits to preliminary WA93 200 AGeV S + Au and WA98 158 AGeV Pb + Pb data dominated by pions indicate similar model parameters. The absolute normalization of the measured particle spectra together with the experimental determination of both the statistical and the systematic errors were needed to obtain successful fits.

A. Ster; T. Csorgo; B. Lorstad

1998-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

487

Boron uptake in tumors, cerebrum and blood from (/sup 10/B)Na/sub 4/B/sub 24/H/sub 22/S/sub 2/  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A stable boronated (/sup 10/B-labeled) compound, sodium mercaptoundecahydrododecaborate is infused in the form of the disulfide dimer, (/sup 10/B)Na/sub 4/B/sub 24/H/sub 22/S/sub 2/, at a dose of about 200 ..mu..g /sup 10/B per gm body weight. The infusion is preformed into the blood or peritoneal cavity of the patient slowly over a period of many days, perhaps one week or more, at the rate of roughly 1 ..mu..g /sup 10/B per gm body weight per hour. Use of this particular boronated dimer in the manner or similarly to the manner so described permits radiotherapeutically effective amounts of boron to accumulate in tumors to be treated by boron neutron capture radiation therapy and also permits sufficient retention of boron in tumor after the cessation of the slow infusion, so as to allow the blood concentration of /sup 10/B to drop or to be reduced artificially to a radiotherapeutically effective level, less than one-half of the concentration of /sup 10/B in the tumor. 1 tab.

Slatkin, D.N.; Micca, P.L.; Fairchild, R.G.

1986-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

488

U.S. Price of Natural Gas Pipeline Exports by Point of Exit  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1989-2013 Eastport, ID 2011-2011 Calais, ME 17.83 6.97 5.75 4.33 3.72 4.21 2011-2011 Detroit, MI 3.67 3.96 4.42 4.42 4.26 4.02 2011-2011 Marysville, MI 3.62 3.91 4.48 4.58 4.35...

489

Idaho Natural Gas Consumption by End Use  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2,202 1,743 1,281 813 681 630 1989-2013 Industrial 2,480 2,496 2,294 2,297 2,177 1,930 2001-2013 Vehicle Fuel 6 7 7 7 7 7 2010-2013 Electric Power 1,246 1,645 801 1,155 1,628 2,945...

490

Latest results from NA48 and NA48/1.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

detec- tor consisted of the following principal sub-detectors: a magnetic spectrometer consisting of 4 drift chambers separated by a dipole magnet, a high resolution liquid krypton electromagnetic calorimeter, an iron scintillator hadronic calorimeter... direct and indirect CP violating components, which also interfere. The CP conserving component can be predicted from a measurement of KL ? pi0?? while the indirect CP violating component can be predicted from a measurement of KS ? pi0l+l?. Any measurement...

Slater, M W

491

New Jersey Natural Gas Prices - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Industrial Price: 7.73: 8.18: 7.53: 8.18: 8.68: 8.88: 2001-2013: Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices: NA: NA: NA: 3.8: 3.1: 2.1: 2001-2013 ...

492

Connecticut Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

14.81 14.93 13.83 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 98.2 97.7 97.5 97.3 96.8 NA 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.61 13.81 9.92 9.55 8.48 NA...

493

East Coast (PADD 1) Net Receipts of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Type: Net Receipts Receipts Shipments Type: Net Receipts Receipts Shipments Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Product Type Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Total Crude Oil and Petroleum Products 96,936 96,489 98,076 99,950 102,408 98,737 1981-2013 Crude Oil -533 -654 -152 -479 -42 20 1981-2013 Petroleum Products 97,469 97,143 98,228 100,429 102,450 98,717 1986-2013 Pentanes Plus -2 1987-2013 Liquefied Petroleum Gases 2,739 1,357 1,555 1,342 1,959 2,568 1981-2013 Ethane/Ethylene 1989-2002 Propane/Propylene 2,739 1,357 1,555 1,342 1,959 2,483 1989-2013 Normal Butane/Butylene 85 1989-2013 Isobutane/Isobutylene 1989-2013

494

Table 2.6 Household End Uses: Fuel Types, Appliances, and ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Digital Video Recorder (DVR) NA: NA: NA: NA: NA: NA: NA: NA: NA: NA: NA : NA: 43: NA: Computer. NA: NA: NA: NA: NA: NA: NA: NA: NA: 35: 56 : 68: 76: NA: One. NA: NA ...

495

Controlled synthesis, formation mechanism and upconversion luminescence of NaYF{sub 4}: Yb, Er nano-/submicrocrystals via ionothermal approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to deepen the fundamental understanding of IL-mediated synthesis of nano-/submicrostructure, hydrophilic ILs ([Emim][BF{sub 4}], [Bmim][BF{sub 4}] and [Omim][BF{sub 4}]), which act as solvents, templates, as well as fluorine source, have been employed to synthesize rare earth doped NaYF{sub 4} upconversion nano-/submicrocrystals (UC-NMCs). The imidazolium cations provide the capping reagent to prevent the nucleation centers from aggregation and growing, while the tetrafluoroborate anions introduce a new fluorine source according to partial hydrolysis. It is demonstrated that the properties of IL, such as viscosity, polarity, solvency and interfacial tension, extremely affect the dissolution, diffusion and nucleation process of lanthanide ions in IL. Morphology and size of the final products can thus be tailored by synthetical parameters, like imidazolium cations, cosolvents, Ln{sup 3+} and fluoride concentrations, as well as ionothermal time. Based on the experimental results, the possible mechanism of the nucleation and growth of UC-NMCs in IL is discussed. - Graphical abstract: The upconversion nano-/submicrocrystals with diverse morphologies and sizes have been synthesized through ionothermal approach. The possible mechanism is concluded, which strengthens the fundamental understanding of IL-mediated synthesis of nano-/submicrostructure. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The upconversion nano-/submicrocrystals were synthesized through ionothermal approach. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The as-prepared products exhibited diverse morphologies and sizes. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The possible mechanism of the nucleation and growth process in ILs is concluded.

Liu Jia [State Key Laboratory of Luminescence and Application, Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130033 (China); Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039 (China); Liu Xiaomin [State Key Laboratory of Luminescence and Application, Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130033 (China); Kong Xiangui, E-mail: xgkong14@ciomp.ac.cn [State Key Laboratory of Luminescence and Application, Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130033 (China); Zhan, Hong, E-mail: h.zhang@uva.nl [Van't Hoff Institute for Molecular Sciences, University of Amsterdam, Science Park, PO Box 94157. 1090 GD Amsterdam (Netherlands)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

496

Synthesis and photoluminescence properties of the high-brightness Eu{sup 3+}-doped M{sub 2}Gd{sub 4}(MoO{sub 4}){sub 7} (M=Li, Na) red phosphors  

SciTech Connect

A series of red-emitting phosphors Eu{sup 3+}-doped M{sub 2}Gd{sub 4}(MoO{sub 4}){sub 7} (M=Li, Na) have been successfully synthesized at 850 Degree-Sign C by solid state reaction. The excitation spectra of the two phosphors reveal two strong excitation bands at 396 nm and 466 nm, respectively, which match well with the two popular emissions from near-UV and blue light-emitting diode chips. The intensity of the emission from {sup 5}D{sub 0} to {sup 7}F{sub 2} of M{sub 2}(Gd{sub 1-x}Eu{sub x}){sub 4}(MoO{sub 4}){sub 7} phosphors with the optimal compositions of x=0.85 for Li or x=0.70 for Na is about five times higher than that of Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+}. The quantum efficiencies of the entitled phosphors excited under 396 nm and 466 nm are also investigated and compared with commercial phosphors Sr{sub 2}Si{sub 5}N{sub 8}:Eu{sup 2+} and Y{sub 3}A{sub 5}O{sub 12}:Ce{sup 3+}. The experimental results indicate that the Eu{sup 3+}-doped M{sub 2}Gd{sub 4}(MoO{sub 4}){sub 7} (M=Li, Na) phosphors are promising red-emitting phosphors pumped by near-UV and blue light. - Graphical Abstract: The intensity of the red emission of M{sub 2}(Gd{sub 1-x}Eu{sub x}){sub 4}(MoO{sub 4}){sub 7} (M=Li, Na) phosphors with the optimal compositions is about five times higher than that of Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+}. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Two novel Eu{sup 3+}-doped red phosphors (Na{sub 2}Gd{sub 4}(MoO{sub 4}){sub 2}, Li{sub 2}Gd{sub 4}(MoO{sub 4}){sub 7}) were synthesized. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Their emission intensities are about five times higher than that of Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Their quantum efficiencies are higher than that of commercial red phosphor Sr{sub 2}Si{sub 5}N{sub 8}:Eu{sup 2+}.

Zhao Chengchun [Key Laboratory of Materials for High Power Laser, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800 (China); Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039 (China); Yin Xin [CAS Key Laboratory of Materials for Energy Conversion, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050 (China); Huang Fuqiang, E-mail: huangfq@mail.sic.ac.cn [CAS Key Laboratory of Materials for Energy Conversion, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050 (China); Hang Yin, E-mail: yhang@siom.ac.cn [Key Laboratory of Materials for High Power Laser, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800 (China)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

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Word Pro - Untitled1  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Gases Lubricants Motor Gasoline 4 Petroleum Coke Residual Fuel Oil Other 5 Total Percentage Change From Previous Year Propane 3 Total 1949 380 172 1,918 2 ( ) 582 NA 274 201...

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November 2012 Key Performance Indicator (KPI): Energy Consumption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and district heating scheme* data. Year Energy Consumption (KWh) Percentage Change 2005/06 65,916,243 N/A 2006 buildings are connected to the Nottingham District Heating Scheme. This service meets all the heating

Evans, Paul

499

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Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Gases Lubricants Motor Gasoline 4 Petroleum Coke Residual Fuel Oil Other 5 Total Percentage Change From Previous Year 6 Propane 3 Total 1949 157 93 902 2 ( ) 281 NA 187 91...

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Structural phase transitions in the Ag{sub 2}Nb{sub 4}O{sub 11}-Na{sub 2}Nb{sub 4}O{sub 11} solid solution  

SciTech Connect

The phase transitions between various structural modifications of the natrotantite-structured system xAg{sub 2}Nb{sub 4}O{sub 11}-(1-x)Na{sub 2}Nb{sub 4}O{sub 11} have been investigated and a phase diagram constructed as a function of temperature and composition. This shows three separate phase transition types: (1) paraelectric-ferroelectric, (2) rhombohedral-monoclinic and (3) a phase transition within the ferroelectric rhombohedral zone between space groups R3c and R3. The parent structure for the entire series has space group R3{sup Macron }c. Compositions with x>0.75 are rhombohedral at all temperatures whereas compositions with x<0.75 are all monoclinic at room temperature and below. At x=0.75, rhombohedral and monoclinic phases coexist with the phase boundary below room temperature being virtually temperature-independent. The ferroelectric phase boundary extends into the monoclinic phase field. No evidence was found for the R3-R3c phase boundary extending into the monoclinic phase field and it is concluded that a triple point is formed. - Graphical abstract: Phase diagram for xAg{sub 2}Nb{sub 4}O{sub 11}-(1-x)Na{sub 2}Nb{sub 4}O{sub 11} solid solution showing changes in crystal symmetry as a function of temperature and composition. The crystal structure is depicted. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Triangle Ferroelectric, rhombohedral Ag{sub 2}Nb{sub 4}O{sub 11} in solid solution with monoclinic Na{sub 2}Nb{sub 4}O{sub 11}. Black-Right-Pointing-Triangle Three phase boundaries were studied as a function of composition and temperature. Black-Right-Pointing-Triangle Both rhombohedral and monoclinic variants exhibit ferroelectricity. The parent phase of the series has space group R3{sup Macron }c.

Woodward, David I., E-mail: d.i.woodward@warwick.ac.uk [Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Gibbet Hill Road, Coventry CV4 7AL (United Kingdom); Lees, Martin R.; Thomas, Pam A. [Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Gibbet Hill Road, Coventry CV4 7AL (United Kingdom)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z