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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1967-2012 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Variable percentage sampler  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A remotely operable sampler is provided for obtaining variable percentage samples of nuclear fuel particles and the like for analyses. The sampler has a rotating cup for a sample collection chamber designed so that the effective size of the sample inlet opening to the cup varies with rotational speed. Samples of a desired size are withdrawn from a flowing stream of particles without a deterrent to the flow of remaining particles.

Miller, Jr., William H. (Knoxville, TN)

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Connecticut Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

14.81 14.93 13.83 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 98.2 97.7 97.5 97.3 96.8 NA 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.61 13.81 9.92 9.55 8.48 NA...

3

New Jersey Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

14.54 12.84 11.78 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 94.6 NA 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.10 13.38 10.20 10.11...

4

New York Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

15.05 14.04 13.71 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 NA 1989-2012 Commercial Price 11.82 12.86 10.72 10.88...

5

Nebraska Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9.34 8.95 8.84 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 85.7 87.1 87.8 87.4 87.3 NA 1989-2012 Commercial Price 9.16 9.62 7.44 7.08 6.69 6.17...

6

Massachusetts Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

14.85 14.53 13.81 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 99.9 85.0 85.6 85.4 89.3 NA 1989-2012 Commercial Price 15.08 15.25 12.85 12.00 11.68...

7

Georgia Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

16.30 15.17 15.72 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 NA 1989-2012 Commercial Price 13.21 14.30 11.70 10.95...

8

Indiana Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

10.81 8.63 9.46 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 96.2 95.0 93.6 94.1 94.6 NA 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.20 11.14 9.18 7.55 8.04 7.72...

9

Maryland Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

13.73 12.44 12.10 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 79.3 NA 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.30 13.12 10.87 9.87...

10

Mississippi Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5.73 5.29 NA 1984-2012 Residential Price 13.04 13.96 11.25 10.19 9.47 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.5...

11

Michigan Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

11.32 10.47 9.96 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 94.5 94.0 93.7 91.9 92.1 NA 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.02 10.66 9.38 8.95 9.14 8.34...

12

Utah Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8.95 8.22 8.44 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 8.03 7.74 7.57 6.83...

13

Iowa Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9.83 9.57 9.54 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 9.97 10.25 7.88 7.81...

14

North Carolina Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

14.25 12.50 12.55 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.77 14.19 11.63 10.18...

15

South Carolina Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

14.91 13.01 12.93 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 13.54 14.26 11.16 10.34...

16

Wyoming Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9.39 8.58 8.72 8.43 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 54.0 77.3 77.8 75.4 75.6 NA 1989-2012 Commercial Price 7.89 8.87 8.01 7.13 7.29 6.92...

17

Arizona Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

17.65 15.87 15.04 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.84 13.01 12.15 10.72...

18

Maine Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

16.43 14.14 14.20 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.9 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 14.82 15.87 13.94 11.71...

19

Rhode Island Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

17.06 16.48 15.33 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 14.91 15.53 15.14 14.46...

20

Mississippi Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

11.25 10.19 9.47 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.5 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 11.12 12.48 9.48 8.75...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1967-2012 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Oregon Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

14.52 12.49 11.76 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.36 11.57 11.86 10.10...

22

Kentucky Natural Gas Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

5.18 NA 1984-2012 Residential Price 12.05 13.84 11.97 10.02 10.44 10.26 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 96.1 96.0 95.4 95.7 95.5 95.8...

23

Virginia Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6.64 NA 1984-2012 Residential Price 15.42 16.19 13.83 12.73 12.72 12.52 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 90.1 89.6...

24

Utah Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5.53 5.68 5.50 1984-2012 Residential Price 9.44 9.00 8.95 8.22 8.44 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

25

Wyoming Natural Gas Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

5.04 4.65 4.03 1984-2012 Residential Price 8.84 10.16 9.39 8.58 8.72 8.43 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 54.0 77.3 77.8 75.4 75.6 NA...

26

Tennessee Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4,851 5,825 1967-2012 From Gas Wells NA 4,700 5,478 5,144 4,851 5,825 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 3,942 0 0 0 0 0 1967-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2012 From...

27

Percentage of Total Natural Gas Industrial Deliveries included...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pipeline and Distribution Use Price City Gate Price Residential Price Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices Commercial Price Percentage of Total Commercial...

28

Percentage of Total Natural Gas Residential Deliveries included...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

City Gate Price Residential Price Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices Commercial Price Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices...

29

Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity (Percent by Interval) Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes API Gravity Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History 20.0º or Less 16.07 17.25 17.35 14.65 17.17 19.70 1983-2013 20.1º to 25.0º 34.75 32.07 33.66 33.41 32.73 35.52 1983-2013 25.1º to 30.0º 9.35 8.59 8.61 11.45 8.98 7.73 1983-2013 30.1º to 35.0º 25.99 30.03 26.36 28.73 29.89 26.56 1983-2013 35.1º to 40.0º 11.94 10.60 12.42 9.74 9.89 8.80 1983-2013 40.1º to 45.0º 1.62 1.23 1.13 1.70 1.14 W 1983-2013 45.1º or Greater 0.28 0.23 0.48 0.31 0.20 W 1983-2013 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.

30

Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity 50 Energy Information Administration / Petroleum Marketing Annual 1997. Created Date:

31

Tennessee Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

NA 4,700 5,478 5,144 4,851 5,825 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 3,942 0 0 0 0 0 1967-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2012 From Coalbed Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2006-2012...

32

Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Percentage of Dry Natural Gas...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reserves from Greater than 200 Meters Deep (Percent) Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Percentage of Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves from Greater than 200 Meters Deep (Percent)...

33

Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Percentage of Crude Oil Production...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

from Greater than 200 Meters Deep (Percent) Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Percentage of Crude Oil Production from Greater than 200 Meters Deep (Percent) Decade Year-0...

34

Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Percentage of Natural Gas Liquids...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Reserves from Greater than 200 Meters Deep (Percent) Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Percentage of Natural Gas Liquids Proved Reserves from Greater than 200 Meters Deep (Percent)...

35

Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Percentage of Dry Natural Gas...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

from Greater than 200 Meters Deep (Percent) Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Percentage of Dry Natural Gas Production from Greater than 200 Meters Deep (Percent) Decade...

36

Figure 5. Percentage change in natural gas dry production and ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Figure 5. Percentage change in natural gas dry production and number of gas wells in the United States, 2007?2011 annual ...

37

Table 25. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Monthly February 2012 50 Table 25. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity

38

Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Percentage of Natural Gas, Wet...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reserves from Greater than 200 Meters Deep (Percent) Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Percentage of Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves from Greater than 200...

39

Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Percentage of Natural Gas Liquids...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

from Greater than 200 Meters Deep (Percent) Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Percentage of Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate Production from Greater than 200 Meters Deep...

40

Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Percentage of Natural Gas, Wet...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

from Greater than 200 Meters Deep (Percent) Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Percentage of Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Production from Greater than 200 Meters...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1967-2012 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Percentage of Natural Gas Liquids...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

from Greater than 200 Meters Deep (Percent) Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Percentage of Natural Gas Liquids Production from Greater than 200 Meters Deep (Percent) Decade...

42

Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Percentage of Crude Oil Proved...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Reserves from Greater than 200 Meters Deep (Percent) Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Percentage of Crude Oil Proved Reserves from Greater than 200 Meters Deep (Percent) Decade...

43

Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Percentage of Natural Gas Liquids...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Reserves from Greater than 200 Meters Deep (Percent) Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Percentage of Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate Proved Reserves from Greater than 200 Meters...

44

Natural Gas Vented and Flared (Summary)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

143,457 166,909 165,360 165,928 209,439 212,848 1936-2012 143,457 166,909 165,360 165,928 209,439 212,848 1936-2012 Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico 12,509 14,507 14,754 13,971 15,502 16,296 1997-2012 Alabama 2,372 1,801 2,495 2,617 3,491 NA 1967-2012 Alaska 6,458 10,023 6,481 10,173 10,966 11,769 1967-2012 Arizona 0 0 0 0 0 0 1971-2012 Arkansas 11 114 141 425 494 NA 1967-2012 California 1,879 2,127 2,501 2,790 2,424 NA 1967-2012 Colorado 1,333 1,501 1,411 1,242 1,291 NA 1967-2012 Florida 0 0 0 0 0 0 1971-2012 Illinois 0 0 0 0 0 0 1967-2012 Indiana 0 0 0 0 2003-2010 Kansas 363 373 353 323 307 NA 1967-2012 Kentucky 0 0 0 0 0 0 1967-2012 Louisiana 6,496 4,021 4,336 4,578 6,302 NA 1967-2012 Maryland 0 0 0 0 0 0 2006-2012 Michigan 3,324 3,324 3,324 3,324 3,324 NA 1967-2012

45

Physical Education Building Building Room Material Amount Percentage Priority Action  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physical Education Building Building Room Material Amount Percentage Priority Action Phys Ed Level Mechanical Insulation 250 LF 70.00 P6 Manage Phys Ed Level 1 East PE1H2 Pipe Fitting Mud 6 each 85.00 P5 #12;Building Room Material Amount Percentage Priority Action Phys Ed Level 2 West PE200 Pipe Fitting

Seldin, Jonathan P.

46

Alabama Natural Gas Percentage Total Commercial Deliveries (Percent...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Commercial Deliveries (Percent) Alabama Natural Gas Percentage Total Commercial Deliveries (Percent) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

47

A Reassessment of the Percentage of Tornadic Mesocyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A large set of data collected by numerous Weather Surveillance Radar-1988 Doppler (WSR-88D) units around the United States was analyzed to reassess the percentage of tornadic mesocyclones. Out of the 5322 individual mesocyclone detections that ...

Robert J. Trapp; Gregory J. Stumpf; Kevin L. Manross

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Alabama Natural Gas Percentage Total Industrial Deliveries (Percent...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Industrial Deliveries (Percent) Alabama Natural Gas Percentage Total Industrial Deliveries (Percent) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

49

New Mexico Natural Gas Percentage Total Commercial Deliveries...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Commercial Deliveries (Percent) New Mexico Natural Gas Percentage Total Commercial Deliveries (Percent) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

50

New Mexico Natural Gas Percentage Total Industrial Deliveries...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Industrial Deliveries (Percent) New Mexico Natural Gas Percentage Total Industrial Deliveries (Percent) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

51

Percentage of Total Natural Gas Commercial Deliveries included in Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

City Gate Price Residential Price Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices Commercial Price Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices Industrial Price Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices Electric Power Price Period: Monthly Annual City Gate Price Residential Price Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices Commercial Price Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices Industrial Price Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices Electric Power Price Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View History U.S. 63.3 59.3 57.9 57.0 57.4 61.3 1983-2013 Alabama 71.7 71.0 68.5 68.2 68.4 66.7 1989-2013 Alaska 94.1 91.6 91.1 91.0 92.3 92.6 1989-2013 Arizona 84.0 83.0 81.6 80.3 82.8 82.7 1989-2013 Arkansas 37.8 28.3 28.1 28.6 26.7 28.0 1989-2013

52

Percentage of Total Natural Gas Industrial Deliveries included in Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

City Gate Price Residential Price Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices Commercial Price Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices Industrial Price Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices Electric Power Price Period: Monthly Annual City Gate Price Residential Price Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices Commercial Price Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices Industrial Price Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices Electric Power Price Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View History U.S. 16.5 16.3 16.0 16.2 16.6 16.9 2001-2013 Alabama 22.1 21.7 21.6 22.8 22.0 22.7 2001-2013 Alaska 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2001-2013 Arizona 13.4 15.7 15.3 13.8 13.7 13.9 2001-2013 Arkansas 1.7 1.4 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.5 2001-2013

53

Percentage of Total Natural Gas Commercial Deliveries included in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Prices are in ...

54

Service Building 4 Building Room Material Amount Percentage Priority Action  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Service Building 4 Building Room Material Amount Percentage Priority Action Service Building 4 S160 65 sqft 15.00 P5 Manage S1J74 Friday, February 18, 2011 Page 1 of 2 #12;Building Room Material Amount Manage Mechanical Insulation 100 LF 55.00 P5 Manage Service Buliding 4 S16H6A Gypsum Wallboard Joint

Seldin, Jonathan P.

55

Maryland Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price NA NA NA NA 1967-2010 Imports Price 7.25 9.09 4.05 5.37 5.30 13.82 1999-2012 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 9.24 10.23 8.02 6.49 6.26 5.67 1984-2012 Residential Price 15.17 16.07 13.73 12.44 12.10 12.17 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 79.3 77.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.30 13.12 10.87 9.87 10.29 10.00 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 27.3 24.7 1990-2012 Industrial Price 11.59 13.46 10.70 9.05 8.61 8.01 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 7.8 6.3 5.3 5.3 5.5 5.1 1997-2012

56

Pennsylvania Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price NA NA NA NA 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 9.35 10.39 7.81 7.04 6.28 5.52 1984-2012 Residential Price 14.66 16.22 14.74 12.90 12.46 11.99 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 91.2 88.6 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.77 14.29 11.83 10.47 10.42 10.24 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 48.5 42.1 1990-2012 Industrial Price 10.64 12.09 9.19 8.23 9.86 9.58 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 5.4 5.7 4.5 3.8 2.0 1.3 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 10.83 8.30 5.15 3.76 3.40 7.96 1990-2012

57

Florida Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price NA NA NA NA 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 7.97 9.73 5.76 5.49 5.07 3.93 1984-2012 Residential Price 20.61 21.07 20.18 17.89 18.16 18.31 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 98.0 97.7 1989-2012 Commercial Price 13.07 14.45 11.09 10.60 11.14 10.41 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 38.5 37.0 1990-2012 Industrial Price 10.56 11.72 9.41 8.33 8.07 6.96 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.0 3.0 2.7 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 12.82 15.56 13.16 17.98 5.56 9.83 1989-2012

58

West Virginia Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price NA NA NA NA 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 8.62 10.32 7.06 6.31 5.91 4.99 1984-2012 Residential Price 14.59 14.51 14.75 11.39 10.91 10.83 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 13.37 13.54 14.24 10.27 9.65 9.39 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 58.6 53.5 53.6 51.0 49.2 48.4 1990-2012 Industrial Price 8.51 10.94 5.55 5.40 4.89 3.56 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 16.2 19.0 17.4 14.7 15.6 16.2 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price -- -- -- -- -- -- 1992-2012

59

What percentage of homes in the U.S. use natural gas? - FAQ - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Maps by energy source and ... What percentage of homes in the U.S. use ... What is the volume of world natural gas reserves? What percentage of homes in the U.S. use ...

60

7.2.6. What intervals contain a fixed percentage of the ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Comparisons based on data from one process 7.2.6. What intervals contain a fixed percentage of the population values? ...

2012-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1967-2012 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Oil Acquisition Report," July 1984 to present. 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity 50 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1996...

62

Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Oil Acquisition Report," July 1984 to present. 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity 50 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1997...

63

A Percentage of Possible Sunshine Forecasting Experiment at Albany, New York  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The results of two regression experiments to predict percentage of possible sunshine (PoPS) one day in advance at Albany, New York are described. For the one experiment, predictors are derived from Albany radiosonde observations, while the other ...

Alan M. Cope; Lance F. Bosart

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

South Dakota Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Prices (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Wellhead 7.22 7.94 NA NA 1979-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use 1967-2005 Citygate 7.35 8.06 5.21 5.54 5.21 4.67 1984-2012 Residential 10.49 11.32 9.14 8.77 8.59 8.39 1967-2012 Commercial 8.81 9.76 7.42 7.13 6.98 6.45 1967-2012 Industrial 8.32 9.00 6.07 5.92 6.25 5.37 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel -- -- -- -- -- -- 1991-2012 Electric Power -- 7.32 5.15 5.50 5.04 3.54 1998-2012 Production (Million Cubic Feet) Number of Producing Gas Wells 71 71 89 102 100 95 1989-2012 Gross Withdrawals 11,880 12,007 12,927 12,540 12,449 15,085 1967-2012 From Gas Wells 422 1,098 1,561 1,300 933 14,396 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 11,458 10,909 11,366 11,240 11,516 689 1967-2012

65

Table 16. Recoverable Coal Reserves and Average Recovery Percentage at Producing Underground Coal Mines by State and Mining Method,  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Recoverable Coal Reserves and Average Recovery Percentage at Producing Underground Coal Mines by State and Mining Method, Recoverable Coal Reserves and Average Recovery Percentage at Producing Underground Coal Mines by State and Mining Method, 2012 (million short tons) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Coal Report 2012 Table 16. Recoverable Coal Reserves and Average Recovery Percentage at Producing Underground Coal Mines by State and Mining Method, 2012 (million short tons) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Coal Report 2012 Continuous 1 Conventional and Other 2 Longwall 3 Total Coal-Producing State Recoverable Coal Reserves at Producing Mines Average Recovery Percentage Recoverable Coal Reserves at Producing Mines Average Recovery Percentage Recoverable Coal Reserves at Producing Mines Average Recovery Percentage Recoverable Coal Reserves at Producing Mines Average Recovery Percentage

66

Tennessee Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5.23 4.35 1984-2012 Residential Price 13.42 14.20 12.15 10.46 10.21 9.98 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

67

Oklahoma Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5.67 5.00 1984-2012 Residential Price 12.06 12.32 11.39 11.12 10.32 11.14 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

68

California Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9.43 9.92 9.93 9.22 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 99.5 99.3 98.9 98.5 98.3 97.4 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.20 11.75 7.75 8.30 8.28...

69

Wisconsin Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 8.04 8.71 6.70 6.14 5.65 4.88 1984-2012 Residential Price 12.02 12.81 10.76 10.34 9.77 9.23 1967-2012 Percentage of...

70

Colorado Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8.80 8.13 8.25 8.26 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 8.10 9.01 7.56 7.58...

71

Ohio Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

11.13 10.78 9.84 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 11.74 12.77 10.42 9.25...

72

Virginia Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

12.73 12.72 12.52 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 90.1 89.6 1989-2012 Commercial Price 11.99 12.81 10.31 9.55...

73

Kentucky Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

10.02 10.44 10.26 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 96.1 96.0 95.4 95.7 95.5 95.8 1989-2012 Commercial Price 11.29 13.25 10.89 8.61 8.78...

74

Oklahoma Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

11.12 10.32 11.14 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.94 11.54 10.59 9.77...

75

Nevada Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

12.25 10.66 10.14 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.03 11.21 10.92 9.77...

76

Kansas Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

10.61 9.93 10.18 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.04 12.24 10.01 9.65...

77

Tennessee Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

10.46 10.21 9.98 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 11.99 13.01 10.67 9.39...

78

Pennsylvania Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

12.90 12.46 11.97 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 91.2 88.6 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.77 14.29 11.83 10.47...

79

Missouri Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

11.66 12.02 12.31 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 11.82 12.02 10.81 10.28...

80

Arkansas Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

11.53 11.46 11.77 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.8 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.07 11.32 10.72 8.89...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1967-2012 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Alaska Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

10.23 8.89 8.77 8.47 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 7.57 8.66 9.51 8.78...

82

North Dakota Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8.46 8.08 8.10 7.43 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 8.37 9.58 7.41 7.03...

83

Alabama Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

15.79 15.09 16.35 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 15.06 15.58 14.94 13.34...

84

Wisconsin Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

10.76 10.34 9.77 9.23 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.36 11.18 8.95 8.53...

85

West Virginia Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

11.39 10.91 10.88 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 13.37 13.54 14.24 10.27...

86

Minnesota Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8.99 8.76 8.85 7.97 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.14 10.52 7.96 7.60...

87

Florida Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

17.89 18.16 18.51 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 98.1 97.8 1989-2012 Commercial Price 13.07 14.45 11.09 10.60...

88

Delaware Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

15.12 15.38 15.24 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 14.48 14.24 15.87 13.26...

89

Washington Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

12.24 12.30 11.89 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 96.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.38 11.49 12.26 10.49...

90

Illinois Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8.97 9.39 8.78 8.22 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 88.7 87.8 87.4 88.0 88.0 87.9 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.40 11.70 8.66 8.76 8.27...

91

New Mexico Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9.53 9.63 9.14 8.75 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.04 10.39 7.52 7.47...

92

Idaho Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

10.54 8.95 8.80 8.37 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.67 10.28 9.77 8.21...

93

Texas Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

10.82 10.21 10.90 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.7 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 9.77 11.25 8.15 7.90...

94

Illinois Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5.52 5.09 4.11 1984-2012 Residential Price 10.76 12.07 8.97 9.39 8.78 8.22 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 88.7 87.8 87.4 88.0 88.0 87.9...

95

Nevada Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6.77 5.13 1984-2012 Residential Price 14.17 13.33 13.18 12.25 10.66 10.14 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

96

South Dakota Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5.54 5.21 4.67 1984-2012 Residential Price 10.49 11.32 9.14 8.77 8.59 8.42 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

97

Ohio Natural Gas Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

5.51 4.47 1984-2012 Residential Price 13.47 14.53 12.68 11.13 10.78 9.84 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

98

New Mexico Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4.84 4.52 3.70 1984-2012 Residential Price 11.99 12.23 9.53 9.63 9.14 8.75 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

99

Revenue ruling 73-538: the service's assault on percentage depletion for ''D'' miners  

SciTech Connect

In this article, the author examines the Internal Revenue Service's ruling that storage and loading for shipment at the mine site are nonmining processes for ores and minerals described in section 613(c)(4)(D) of the Internal Revenue Code. He explains the tax consequences of the ruling and discusses the correctness of the position taken by the Internal Revenue Service in light of the relevant case law and the language and legislative history of the statute. The effect of the ruling is to reduce the percentage depletion deduction available to many miners of ores and minerals described in section 613(c)(4)(D), including miners of lead, zinc, copper, gold, silver, uranium, fluorspar, potash, soda ash, garnet and tungsten. (JMT)

Barnes, D.A.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Maryland Natural Gas Summary  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Wellhead Wellhead NA NA NA NA 1967-2010 Imports 7.25 9.09 4.05 5.37 5.30 13.82 1999-2012 Pipeline and Distribution Use 1967-2005 Citygate 9.24 10.23 8.02 6.49 6.26 5.67 1984-2012 Residential 15.17 16.07 13.73 12.44 12.10 12.17 1967-2012 Commercial 12.30 13.12 10.87 9.87 10.29 10.00 1967-2012 Industrial 11.59 13.46 10.70 9.05 8.61 8.01 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel 11.40 14.66 11.20 5.99 5.09 -- 1993-2012 Electric Power 7.89 11.16 5.42 5.77 5.44 W 1997-2012 Production (Million Cubic Feet) Number of Producing Gas Wells 7 7 7 7 8 9 1989-2012 Gross Withdrawals 35 28 43 43 34 44 1967-2012 From Gas Wells 35 28 43 43 34 44 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2006-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2012 From Coalbed Wells

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1967-2012 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Pennsylvania Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Percent Sold by Local Distribution Companies 91.2 91.2 2006-2011 Commercial Average Price 12.77 14.29 11.83 10.47 10.42 10.21 1967-2012 Local Distribution Companies 11.29 NA...

102

Percentage of Positive Biopsy Cores: A Better Risk Stratification Model for Prostate Cancer?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To assess the prognostic value of the percentage of positive biopsy cores (PPC) and perineural invasion in predicting the clinical outcomes after radiotherapy (RT) for prostate cancer and to explore the possibilities to improve on existing risk-stratification models. Methods and Materials: Between 1993 and 2004, 1,056 patients with clinical Stage T1c-T3N0M0 prostate cancer, who had four or more biopsy cores sampled and complete biopsy core data available, were treated with external beam RT, with or without a high-dose-rate brachytherapy boost at William Beaumont Hospital. The median follow-up was 7.6 years. Multivariate Cox regression analysis was performed with PPC, Gleason score, pretreatment prostate-specific antigen, T stage, PNI, radiation dose, androgen deprivation, age, prostate-specific antigen frequency, and follow-up duration. A new risk stratification (PPC classification) was empirically devised to incorporate PPC and replace the T stage. Results: On multivariate Cox regression analysis, the PPC was an independent predictor of distant metastasis, cause-specific survival, and overall survival (all p 50% was associated with significantly greater distant metastasis (hazard ratio, 4.01; 95% confidence interval, 1.86-8.61), and its independent predictive value remained significant with or without androgen deprivation therapy (all p 50%) with National Comprehensive Cancer Network risk stratification demonstrated added prognostic value of distant metastasis for the intermediate-risk (hazard ratio, 5.44; 95% confidence interval, 1.78-16.6) and high-risk (hazard ratio, 4.39; 95% confidence interval, 1.70-11.3) groups, regardless of the use of androgen deprivation and high-dose RT (all p < .05). The proposed PPC classification appears to provide improved stratification of the clinical outcomes relative to the National Comprehensive Cancer Network classification. Conclusions: The PPC is an independent and powerful predictor of clinical outcomes of prostate cancer after RT. A risk model replacing T stage with the PPC to reduce subjectivity demonstrated potentially improved stratification.

Huang Jiayi; Vicini, Frank A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, MI (United States); Williams, Scott G. [Peter Maccallum Cancer Centre and University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria (Australia); Ye Hong; McGrath, Samuel; Ghilezan, Mihai; Krauss, Daniel; Martinez, Alvaro A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, MI (United States); Kestin, Larry L., E-mail: lkestin@comcast.net [Department of Radiation Oncology, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, MI (United States)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

103

Connecticut Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

13.81 9.92 9.55 8.48 NA 1967-2012 Industrial 10.54 12.63 8.44 9.60 9.16 NA 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel 20.57 24.04 15.26 16.31 18.59 1992-2011 Electric Power 7.81 10.48 4.89 5.70...

104

Massachusetts Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

12.85 12.00 11.68 NA 1967-2012 Industrial 14.83 15.23 12.07 10.41 10.14 NA 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel 12.84 13.80 12.99 12.48 4.21 1990-2011 Electric Power 8.11 10.43 4.93 5.44...

105

Average Natural Gas Consumption per Commercial Consumer  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

568 579 586 585 593 541 1967-2012 568 579 586 585 593 541 1967-2012 Alabama 355 386 359 397 371 321 1967-2012 Alaska 1,399 1,334 1,258 1,225 1,489 1,515 1967-2012 Arizona 572 565 563 564 577 558 1967-2012 Arkansas 463 534 527 592 590 603 1967-2012 California 562 561 561 564 558 572 1967-2012 Colorado 447 455 429 396 383 355 1967-2012 Connecticut 686 699 729 741 815 764 1967-2012 Delaware 686 698 910 948 810 772 1967-2012 District of Columbia 1,946 1,837 1,818 1,877 1,681 1,572 1967-2012 Florida 891 876 846 888 869 861 1967-2012 Georgia 380 406 421 482 458 429 1967-2012 Hawaii 721 696 691 697 691 727 1980-2012 Idaho 423 438 412 390 433 404 1967-2012 Illinois 686 745 757 680 735 633 1967-2012 Indiana 485 540 506 485 471 423 1967-2012

106

Average Natural Gas Consumption per Commercial Consumer  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

568 579 586 585 593 541 1967-2012 568 579 586 585 593 541 1967-2012 Alabama 355 386 359 397 371 321 1967-2012 Alaska 1,399 1,334 1,258 1,225 1,489 1,515 1967-2012 Arizona 572 565 563 564 577 558 1967-2012 Arkansas 463 534 527 592 590 603 1967-2012 California 562 561 561 564 558 572 1967-2012 Colorado 447 455 429 396 383 355 1967-2012 Connecticut 686 699 729 741 815 764 1967-2012 Delaware 686 698 910 948 810 772 1967-2012 District of Columbia 1,946 1,837 1,818 1,877 1,681 1,572 1967-2012 Florida 891 876 846 888 869 861 1967-2012 Georgia 380 406 421 482 458 429 1967-2012 Hawaii 721 696 691 697 691 727 1980-2012 Idaho 423 438 412 390 433 404 1967-2012 Illinois 686 745 757 680 735 633 1967-2012 Indiana 485 540 506 485 471 423 1967-2012

107

Texas Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9.77 11.25 8.15 7.90 7.07 NA 1967-2012 Industrial 6.76 8.96 4.05 4.61 4.20 3.02 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel 9.76 11.53 4.88 5.38 7.03 1990-2011 Electric Power 6.77 8.91 3.96 4.66 4.36...

108

North Dakota Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9.58 7.41 7.03 7.00 6.08 1967-2012 Industrial 6.86 8.30 5.21 5.22 5.10 4.48 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel 8.25 11.32 8.69 8.84 8.08 1990-2011 Electric Power 6.41 NA 6.14 6.51 8.66 --...

109

Virginia Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

12.81 10.31 9.55 9.69 NA 1967-2012 Industrial 9.33 11.49 7.14 6.68 6.44 4.92 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel 7.45 10.66 6.77 4.31 4.55 1993-2011 Electric Power 8.42 10.87 4.70 5.72 5.08...

110

Utah Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8.03 7.74 7.57 6.83 7.05 NA 1967-2012 Industrial 6.35 7.21 5.62 5.57 5.50 4.70 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel 8.33 8.08 10.01 11.61 13.01 1990-2011 Electric Power W W W W W W 1997-2012...

111

Formulation, Pretreatment, and Densification Options to Improve Biomass Specifications for Co-Firing High Percentages with Coal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is a growing interest internationally to use more biomass for power generation, given the potential for significant environmental benefits and long-term fuel sustainability. However, the use of biomass alone for power generation is subject to serious challenges, such as feedstock supply reliability, quality, and stability, as well as comparative cost, except in situations in which biomass is locally sourced. In most countries, only a limited biomass supply infrastructure exists. Alternatively, co-firing biomass alongwith coal offers several advantages; these include reducing challenges related to biomass quality, buffering the system against insufficient feedstock quantity, and mitigating the costs of adapting existing coal power plants to feed biomass exclusively. There are some technical constraints, such as low heating values, low bulk density, and grindability or size-reduction challenges, as well as higher moisture, volatiles, and ash content, which limit the co-firing ratios in direct and indirect co-firing. To achieve successful co-firing of biomass with coal, biomass feedstock specifications must be established to direct pretreatment options in order to modify biomass materials into a format that is more compatible with coal co-firing. The impacts on particle transport systems, flame stability, pollutant formation, and boiler-tube fouling/corrosion must also be minimized by setting feedstock specifications, which may include developing new feedstock composition by formulation or blending. Some of the issues, like feeding, co-milling, and fouling, can be overcome by pretreatment methods including washing/leaching, steam explosion, hydrothermal carbonization, and torrefaction, and densification methods such as pelletizing and briquetting. Integrating formulation, pretreatment, and densification will help to overcome issues related to physical and chemical composition, storage, and logistics to successfully co-fire higher percentages of biomass ( > 40%) with coal.

Jaya Shankar Tumuluru; J Richard Hess; Richard D. Boardman; Shahab Sokhansanj; Christopher T. Wright; Tyler L. Westover

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Natural Gas Vented and Flared  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

143,457 166,909 165,360 165,928 209,439 212,848 1936-2012 143,457 166,909 165,360 165,928 209,439 212,848 1936-2012 Alaska 6,458 10,023 6,481 10,173 10,966 11,769 1967-2012 Alaska Onshore 5,125 7,812 5,271 8,034 9,276 9,244 1992-2012 Alaska State Offshore 1,334 2,212 1,210 2,139 1,690 2,525 1992-2012 Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico 12,509 14,507 14,754 13,971 15,502 16,296 1997-2012 Louisiana 6,496 4,021 4,336 4,578 6,302 NA 1967-2012 Louisiana Onshore 6,078 3,777 4,121 4,432 6,153 NA 1992-2012 Louisiana State Offshore 418 243 215 146 149 NA 1999-2012 New Mexico 929 803 481 1,586 4,360 12,259 1967-2012 Oklahoma 0 0 0 0 1967-2010 Texas 36,682 42,541 41,234 39,569 35,248 47,530 1967-2012 Texas Onshore 36,682 42,541 41,234 39,569 35,248 47,530 1992-2012

113

Test Anxiety is a psychological condition experienced by a very small percentage of individuals. Test Anxiety should be confirmed by a licensed counselor.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

·Test Anxiety is a psychological condition experienced by a very small percentage of individuals. Test Anxiety should be confirmed by a licensed counselor. ·Test Worry is the culmination of real or perceived pressure and expectations from yourself or others. Test Worry is often the result of varying

Lawrence, Rick L.

114

Study on the Effect of Energy Parameter of Electron on the Percentage Depth Dose of Electron Beam Using Monte Carlo Method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In medical linear accelerator, the energy parameter of electron plays important role to produce electron beam. The percentage depth dose of electron beams takes account not only on the value of electron's energy, but also on the type of electron's energy. The aims of this work are to carry on the effect of energy parameter of electron on the percentage depth dose of electron beam. Monte Carlo method is chosen in this project, due to the superior of this method for simulating the random process such as the transport particle in matter. The DOSXYZnrc usercode was used to simulate the electron transport in water phantom. Two aspects of electron's energy parameter were investigated using Monte Carlo simulations. In the first aspect, electron energy's value was varied also its spectrum. In the second aspect, the geometry of electron's energy was taken account on. The parallel beam and the point source were chosen as the geometry of The measurements of percentage depth dose were conducted to compare with its simulation. The ionization chamber was used in these measurements. Presentation of the results of this work is given not only based on the shape of the percentage depth dose from the simulation and measurement, but also on the other aspect in its curve. The result of comparison between the simulation and its measurement shows that the shape of its curve depends on the energy value of electron and the type of its energy. The energy value of electron affected the depth maximum of dose.

Haryanto, Freddy [Department of Physics, Institut Teknologi Bandung (Indonesia)

2010-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

115

Percentage of Cancer Volume in Biopsy Cores Is Prognostic for Prostate Cancer Death and Overall Survival in Patients Treated With Dose-Escalated External Beam Radiotherapy  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To investigate the prognostic utility of the percentage of cancer volume (PCV) in needle biopsy specimens for prostate cancer patients treated with dose-escalated external beam radiotherapy. Methods and Materials: The outcomes were analyzed for 599 men treated for localized prostate cancer with external beam radiotherapy to a minimal planning target volume dose of 75 Gy (range, 75-79.2). We assessed the effect of PCV and the pretreatment and treatment-related factors on the freedom from biochemical failure, freedom from metastasis, cause-specific survival, and overall survival. Results: The median number of biopsy cores was 7 (interquartile range, 6-12), median PCV was 10% (interquartile range, 2.5-25%), and median follow-up was 62 months. The PCV correlated with the National Comprehensive Cancer Network risk group and individual risk features, including T stage, prostate-specific antigen level, Gleason score, and percentage of positive biopsy cores. On log-rank analysis, the PCV stratified by quartile was prognostic for all endpoints, including overall survival. In addition, the PCV was a stronger prognostic factor than the percentage of positive biopsy cores when the two metrics were analyzed together. On multivariate analysis, the PCV predicted a worse outcome for all endpoints, including freedom from biochemical failure, (hazard ratio, 1.9; p = .0035), freedom from metastasis (hazard ratio, 1.7, p = .09), cause-specific survival (hazard ratio, 3.9, p = .014), and overall survival (hazard ratio, 1.8, p = .02). Conclusions: For patients treated with dose-escalated external beam radiotherapy, the volume of cancer in the biopsy specimen adds prognostic value for clinically relevant endpoints, particularly in intermediate- and high-risk patients. Although the PCV determination is more arduous than the percentage of positive biopsy cores, it provides superior risk stratification.

Vance, Sean M.; Stenmark, Matthew H.; Blas, Kevin; Halverson, Schulyer [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Hamstra, Daniel A., E-mail: dhamm@umich.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Feng, Felix Y. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

A numerical approach to evaluating what percentage of a living space is well-ventilated, for the assessment of thermal comfort  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A bioclimatic approach to designing comfortable buildings in hot and humid tropical regions requires, firstly, some preliminary, important work on the building envelope to limit the energy contributions, and secondly, an airflow optimization of the building. For the first step, tools such as nodal or zonal models have been largely implemented. For the second step, the assessment of air velocities, in three dimensions and in a large space, can only be performed through the use of detailed models such as with CFD. This paper deals with the improvement of thermal comfort by ventilating around the occupants. For this purpose, the average velocity coefficient definition is modified to be adapted to CFD and the areas involving movement or the living spaces. We propose a new approach based on the derivation of a new quantity: the well-ventilated percentage of a living space. The well-ventilated percentage of a space allows a time analysis of the aeraulic behaviour of the building in its environment. These percentages can be over a period such as one day, a season or a year. These kinds of results are helpful for an architect to configure the rooms of a house according to their uses, the environment, the architectural choices and the constraints related to the design of bioclimatic buildings.

Alain Bastide; Alfred Jean Philippe Lauret; Franois Garde; Harry Boyer

2012-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

117

Natural Gas Receipts Across U.S. Borders (Annual Supply & Disposition...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 0 0 0 0 0 1967-2012 Georgia 170,243 135,711 142,244 106,454 75,641 59,266 1967-2012 Idaho 726,365 688,782 693,892 708,806 606,099 634,194 1967-2012 Louisiana 268,714 18,110...

118

Indiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9,075 8,814 1967-2012 From Gas Wells 3,606 4,701 4,927 6,802 9,075 8,814 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 1967-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2012 From Coalbed...

119

Nebraska Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1,980 1,328 1967-2012 From Gas Wells 1,331 2,862 2,734 2,092 1,854 1,317 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 228 221 182 163 126 11 1967-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2012 From...

120

Pennsylvania Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1967-2012 From Gas Wells 182,277 188,538 184,795 173,450 242,305 210,609 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 0 0 0 0 0 3,456 1967-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 0 9,757 89,074 399,452 1,068,288...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1967-2012 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

South Dakota Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

12,449 15,085 1967-2012 From Gas Wells 422 1,098 1,561 1,300 933 14,396 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 11,458 10,909 11,366 11,240 11,516 689 1967-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0...

122

New York Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

26,424 1967-2012 From Gas Wells 54,232 49,607 44,273 35,163 30,495 25,985 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 710 714 576 650 629 439 1967-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2012...

123

Michigan Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

129,333 1967-2012 From Gas Wells 80,090 16,959 20,867 7,345 18,470 17,041 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 54,114 10,716 12,919 9,453 11,620 4,470 1967-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 136,367...

124

Ohio Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

84,482 1967-2012 From Gas Wells 82,812 79,769 83,511 73,459 30,655 65,025 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 5,268 5,072 5,301 4,651 45,663 6,684 1967-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 14 17 13 11...

125

Kentucky Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1967-2012 From Gas Wells 95,437 112,587 111,782 133,521 122,578 106,122 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 0 1,529 1,518 1,809 1,665 0 1967-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2012...

126

Mississippi Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1967-2012 From Gas Wells 259,001 331,673 337,168 387,026 429,829 404,457 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 6,203 7,542 8,934 8,714 8,159 43,421 1967-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0...

127

Colorado Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1967-2012 From Gas Wells 436,330 496,374 459,509 526,077 563,750 1,036,572 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 160,833 199,725 327,619 338,565 359,537 67,466 1967-2012 From Shale Gas Wells...

128

West Virginia Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1967-2012 From Gas Wells 189,968 191,444 192,896 151,401 167,113 397,313 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 701 0 0 0 0 1,477 1967-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 40,515 53,436 71,540 113,773...

129

Utah Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1967-2012 From Gas Wells 271,890 331,143 340,224 328,135 351,168 402,899 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 35,104 36,056 36,795 42,526 49,947 31,440 1967-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0...

130

Montana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

66,954 1967-2012 From Gas Wells 69,741 67,399 57,396 51,117 37,937 27,518 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 23,092 22,995 21,522 19,292 21,777 20,085 1967-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 14,587...

131

Kansas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1967-2012 From Gas Wells 286,856 286,210 269,086 247,651 236,834 264,610 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 44,023 45,038 42,647 39,071 37,194 0 1967-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0...

132

North Dakota Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

258,568 1967-2012 From Gas Wells 16,416 13,738 11,263 10,501 14,287 22,261 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 47,335 54,896 45,776 38,306 27,739 17,434 1967-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 7,046...

133

Illinois Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2,121 2,125 1967-2012 From Gas Wells 1,389 1,188 1,438 1,697 2,114 2,125 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 5 5 5 5 7 0 1967-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2012 From Coalbed...

134

Pennsylvania Natural Gas Summary  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

NA NA NA NA 1967-2010 NA NA NA NA 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use 1967-2005 Citygate 9.35 10.39 7.81 7.04 6.28 5.52 1984-2012 Residential 14.66 16.22 14.74 12.90 12.46 11.99 1967-2012 Commercial 12.77 14.29 11.83 10.47 10.42 10.24 1967-2012 Industrial 10.64 12.09 9.19 8.23 9.86 9.58 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel 10.83 8.30 5.15 3.76 3.40 7.96 1990-2012 Electric Power 8.01 10.46 4.60 5.27 4.85 3.15 1997-2012 Dry Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Proved Reserves as of 12/31 3,361 3,577 6,985 13,960 26,529 1977-2011 Adjustments 181 -201 65 -373 -224 1977-2011 Revision Increases 326 655 668 2,892 7,077 1977-2011 Revision Decreases 418 502 502 1,938 4,872 1977-2011 Sales 4 275 52 678 799 2000-2011 Acquisitions

135

West Virginia Natural Gas Summary  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

NA NA NA NA 1967-2010 NA NA NA NA 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use 1967-2005 Citygate 8.62 10.32 7.06 6.31 5.91 4.99 1984-2012 Residential 14.59 14.51 14.75 11.39 10.91 10.83 1967-2012 Commercial 13.37 13.54 14.24 10.27 9.65 9.39 1967-2012 Industrial 8.51 10.94 5.55 5.40 4.89 3.56 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel -- -- -- -- -- -- 1992-2012 Electric Power W 10.08 4.78 5.14 W 3.33 1997-2012 Dry Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Proved Reserves as of 12/31 4,729 5,136 5,946 7,000 10,345 1977-2011 Adjustments 14 315 258 -359 -1 1977-2011 Revision Increases 310 390 383 1,034 1,218 1977-2011 Revision Decreases 359 444 865 1,075 759 1977-2011 Sales 2 160 54 895 265 2000-2011 Acquisitions 25 118 2 984 590 2000-2011

136

Nevada Natural Gas Summary  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

NA NA NA NA 2006-2010 NA NA NA NA 2006-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use 1967-2005 Citygate 8.72 9.44 7.93 7.19 6.77 5.13 1984-2012 Residential 14.17 13.33 13.18 12.25 10.66 10.14 1967-2012 Commercial 12.03 11.21 10.92 9.77 8.07 7.43 1967-2012 Industrial 11.77 11.10 11.22 10.53 8.99 7.34 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel 9.99 9.24 8.97 8.13 4.76 8.97 1991-2012 Electric Power 6.31 8.26 5.50 5.75 5.00 3.49 1997-2012 Production (Million Cubic Feet) Number of Producing Gas Wells 4 0 0 0 0 0 1996-2012 Gross Withdrawals 5 4 4 4 3 4 1991-2012 From Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2006-2012 From Oil Wells 5 4 4 4 3 4 1991-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2012 From Coalbed Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2006-2012 Repressuring 0 0 0 0 0 0 2006-2012

137

Missouri Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 1967-1997 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 7.53 8.03 7.06 6.17 5.85 5.27 1984-2012 Residential Price 13.42 13.36 12.61 11.66 12.02 12.25 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 11.82 12.02 10.81 10.28 9.99 9.54 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 76.9 77.5 76.7 76.5 73.1 69.2 1990-2012 Industrial Price 10.84 11.32 9.55 8.70 8.54 7.93 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 12.8 13.9 13.2 13.1 13.4 12.5 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 8.44 8.66 7.86 6.34 6.11 5.64 1994-2012

138

Arkansas Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 6.61 8.72 3.43 3.84 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 8.55 8.88 7.86 6.76 6.27 5.36 1984-2012 Residential Price 13.08 14.09 13.39 11.53 11.46 11.82 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.07 11.32 10.72 8.89 8.90 7.99 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 70.4 64.5 59.4 55.6 51.5 40.2 1990-2012 Industrial Price 9.51 10.56 8.44 7.28 7.44 6.38 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 4.2 3.9 3.7 2.8 2.1 1.9 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 8.39 -- -- -- -- 9.04 1994-2012

139

Iowa Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 7.80 8.28 5.62 5.69 5.27 4.84 1984-2012 Residential Price 11.76 11.91 9.83 9.57 9.54 9.46 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 9.97 10.25 7.88 7.81 7.55 7.13 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 77.7 75.8 72.5 72.0 72.1 72.3 1990-2012 Industrial Price 8.56 9.32 6.23 6.10 5.78 4.70 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 6.5 6.6 6.4 5.8 5.5 5.2 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 11.68 -- -- -- -- -- 1990-2012 Electric Power Price 7.73 W W W W 3.84 1997-2012

140

Maine Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Imports Price 7.57 9.77 4.48 4.94 4.40 3.45 1999-2012 Exports Price -- -- 5.62 4.53 4.46 4.30 2007-2012 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 10.46 13.47 8.64 8.19 8.14 7.73 1984-2012 Residential Price 16.90 17.47 16.43 14.14 14.20 15.94 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.9 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 14.82 15.87 13.94 11.71 11.69 12.22 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 46.2 45.0 51.0 45.0 45.8 42.1 1990-2012 Industrial Price 13.40 14.89 9.12 11.23 10.89 10.35 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 0.8 0.8 1.2 0.6 0.5 0.4 1997-2012

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1967-2012 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Idaho Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Imports Price 6.31 7.88 3.86 4.19 3.90 2.59 1989-2012 Exports Price -- 7.43 4.49 5.85 4.74 -- 1999-2012 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 6.68 7.48 5.63 4.82 4.65 4.07 1984-2012 Residential Price 11.47 11.07 10.54 8.95 8.80 8.26 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.67 10.28 9.77 8.21 8.09 7.35 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 84.8 86.0 83.7 82.0 80.8 77.0 1990-2012 Industrial Price 9.39 9.18 8.53 6.39 6.36 5.73 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.8 2.0 1.9 1997-2012

142

New York Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 8.85 8.94 4.21 4.65 1967-2010 Imports Price 7.43 9.36 4.67 5.43 4.96 3.83 1989-2012 Exports Price 12.07 -- -- -- 4.69 3.61 1999-2012 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 9.02 10.07 7.35 6.86 6.04 5.35 1984-2012 Residential Price 15.73 16.78 15.05 14.04 13.71 12.97 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 11.82 12.86 10.72 10.88 9.32 7.84 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1990-2012 Industrial Price 11.43 12.30 9.52 8.55 8.18 6.92 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices

143

North Dakota Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 6.67 8.55 3.74 3.92 1967-2010 Imports Price 6.75 8.72 3.92 4.41 4.04 2.72 1994-2012 Exports Price -- -- -- -- -- -- 1999-2012 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 7.04 8.03 5.16 5.50 5.06 4.43 1984-2012 Residential Price 9.13 10.34 8.46 8.08 8.10 7.43 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 8.37 9.58 7.41 7.03 7.00 6.04 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 93.3 93.4 92.9 92.6 92.8 91.9 1990-2012 Industrial Price 6.86 8.30 5.21 5.22 5.10 4.48 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices

144

Rhode Island Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 10.62 10.07 6.70 10.05 8.22 4.11 1984-2012 Residential Price 16.66 16.89 17.06 16.48 15.33 14.29 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 14.91 15.53 15.14 14.46 13.33 12.31 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 66.5 66.2 68.0 61.2 56.9 55.4 1990-2012 Industrial Price 12.58 13.26 12.58 12.13 10.98 9.78 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 11.6 11.7 9.2 6.5 6.0 6.3 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 10.96 12.62 10.72 11.71 8.61 16.32 1990-2012 Electric Power Price

145

Alabama Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 7.44 9.65 4.32 4.46 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 8.78 9.84 7.61 6.46 5.80 5.18 1984-2012 Residential Price 18.14 18.30 18.12 15.79 15.08 16.20 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 15.06 15.58 14.94 13.34 12.36 12.55 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 79.8 80.2 78.8 79.3 78.9 76.2 1990-2012 Industrial Price 8.70 10.57 6.48 6.64 5.57 4.35 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 24.0 27.2 27.9 23.7 23.5 22.1 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price -- 17.32 19.17 16.24 11.45 17.99 1990-2012

146

Massachusetts Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Imports Price 7.32 10.34 5.90 4.86 4.77 3.69 1989-2012 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 9.34 10.29 8.29 7.74 7.04 6.03 1984-2012 Residential Price 16.99 17.18 14.85 14.53 13.81 13.22 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 99.9 85.0 85.6 85.4 89.3 87.8 1989-2012 Commercial Price 15.08 15.25 12.85 12.00 11.68 10.68 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 65.3 57.9 56.9 52.1 50.0 48.6 1990-2012 Industrial Price 14.83 15.23 12.07 10.41 10.14 9.82 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 29.9 20.6 21.1 19.4 20.6 17.7 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 12.84 13.80 12.99 12.48 4.28 14.81 1990-2012

147

Indiana Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 5.78 7.58 4.05 4.13 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 7.83 8.94 5.59 5.52 4.97 4.23 1984-2012 Residential Price 11.29 12.65 10.81 8.63 9.46 8.94 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 96.2 95.0 93.6 94.1 94.6 94.5 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.20 11.14 9.18 7.55 8.04 7.68 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 78.1 77.9 73.9 72.5 70.2 67.5 1990-2012 Industrial Price 8.45 10.48 6.91 5.65 6.53 6.19 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 7.4 6.7 7.0 5.6 3.5 1.9 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 6.09 7.94 4.08 5.19 13.24 12.29 1990-2012

148

South Carolina Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 9.10 10.27 6.70 6.17 5.67 4.57 1984-2012 Residential Price 17.15 16.84 14.91 13.01 12.93 13.25 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 13.54 14.26 11.16 10.34 9.68 8.67 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 94.9 94.9 93.5 92.7 91.1 90.6 1990-2012 Industrial Price 8.84 11.03 6.06 6.12 5.60 4.30 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 47.3 47.3 47.6 46.3 45.4 45.1 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 10.84 13.30 12.50 11.16 8.85 9.77 1994-2012 Electric Power Price

149

Connecticut Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 8.67 10.24 6.81 6.58 5.92 5.12 1984-2012 Residential Price 16.39 17.85 14.81 14.93 13.83 14.17 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 98.2 97.7 97.5 97.3 96.8 96.7 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.61 13.81 9.92 9.55 8.48 8.40 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 71.5 70.7 69.0 65.4 65.4 65.1 1990-2012 Industrial Price 10.54 12.63 8.44 9.60 9.16 8.83 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 50.0 47.3 37.5 31.1 31.0 32.3 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 20.57 24.04 15.26 16.31 18.59 13.70 1992-2012 Electric Power Price 7.81 10.48 4.89 5.70 5.09 3.99 1997-2012

150

Oregon Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 5.27 5.33 4.00 4.92 1979-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 8.14 8.82 7.79 6.78 5.84 5.21 1984-2012 Residential Price 14.65 13.89 14.52 12.49 11.76 11.22 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.36 11.57 11.86 10.10 9.60 8.91 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 98.5 98.5 98.4 97.4 97.4 96.9 1990-2012 Industrial Price 9.30 9.07 9.70 7.05 6.84 5.87 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 21.8 20.1 18.9 17.1 17.1 16.7 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 6.59 8.03 7.11 5.61 4.23 4.57 1992-2012

151

Montana Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 5.72 7.50 3.16 3.64 1967-2010 Imports Price 6.66 8.22 3.88 4.13 3.75 2.45 1989-2012 Exports Price 6.16 8.14 3.63 4.05 3.82 2.40 1989-2012 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 6.42 7.71 5.63 5.17 5.11 4.23 1984-2012 Residential Price 9.91 11.45 9.50 8.64 8.80 8.06 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 99.9 99.9 99.8 99.8 99.8 99.8 1989-2012 Commercial Price 9.76 11.32 9.41 8.54 8.66 7.98 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 78.5 79.6 49.2 54.6 53.3 52.9 1990-2012 Industrial Price 9.75 11.04 9.06 8.07 8.13 7.54 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices

152

Arizona Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 5.98 7.09 3.19 4.11 1967-2010 Exports Price 6.94 8.09 3.79 4.57 4.28 3.07 1989-2012 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 8.25 8.49 7.21 6.59 5.91 4.68 1984-2012 Residential Price 17.21 17.60 17.65 15.87 15.04 15.75 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.84 13.01 12.15 10.72 9.99 9.35 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 93.4 93.1 88.0 88.7 87.8 86.6 1990-2012 Industrial Price 10.49 10.47 8.19 7.54 6.86 5.78 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 31.3 29.6 29.1 25.5 24.2 21.4 1997-2012

153

Louisiana Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 7.02 8.73 3.82 4.23 1967-2010 Imports Price 6.98 9.76 3.89 4.84 7.57 7.98 1989-2012 Exports Price -- -- -- 7.07 9.63 11.80 2007-2012 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 7.22 9.58 5.96 5.43 5.67 3.48 1984-2012 Residential Price 14.20 15.49 13.15 11.73 11.37 11.54 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 11.83 13.52 10.46 9.88 9.36 8.44 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 98.0 98.4 92.0 85.9 83.6 78.0 1990-2012 Industrial Price 7.08 9.32 4.31 4.68 4.25 2.96 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices

154

Colorado Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 4.57 6.94 3.21 3.96 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 6.23 6.98 5.09 5.26 4.94 4.26 1984-2012 Residential Price 8.84 9.77 8.80 8.13 8.25 8.31 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 8.10 9.01 7.56 7.58 7.84 7.58 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 95.7 95.2 94.8 94.6 93.8 92.2 1990-2012 Industrial Price 7.21 8.76 6.57 5.84 6.42 5.79 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 0.5 0.6 0.5 5.2 7.5 6.8 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 8.72 13.57 9.12 10.79 9.56 11.65 1990-2012

155

North Carolina Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 8.55 10.32 6.44 6.02 5.45 4.00 1984-2012 Residential Price 15.70 16.58 14.25 12.50 12.55 12.19 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.77 14.19 11.63 10.18 9.64 8.62 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 83.0 84.5 85.2 84.8 84.4 83.5 1990-2012 Industrial Price 9.98 12.10 8.66 8.24 7.70 6.37 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 21.2 19.1 13.6 11.6 9.7 8.8 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 10.64 12.79 11.21 9.77 12.13 6.48 1990-2012 Electric Power Price

156

Alaska Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 5.63 7.39 2.93 3.17 1967-2010 Exports Price 6.21 7.69 8.59 12.19 12.88 15.71 1989-2012 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1970-2005 Citygate Price 6.75 6.74 8.22 6.67 6.53 6.14 1988-2012 Residential Price 8.68 8.72 10.23 8.89 8.77 8.47 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 7.57 8.66 9.51 8.78 8.09 8.09 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 76.0 74.9 85.3 87.7 88.6 94.9 1990-2012 Industrial Price 4.67 5.49 4.02 4.23 3.84 5.11 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 70.0 78.2 72.5 70.5 60.8 100.0 1997-2012

157

Kansas Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 5.69 6.85 3.16 4.23 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 8.27 8.85 6.12 6.08 5.53 4.74 1984-2012 Residential Price 12.97 13.00 11.10 10.61 9.93 10.13 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.04 12.24 10.01 9.65 8.89 8.82 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 64.8 64.9 65.7 66.0 62.6 59.7 1990-2012 Industrial Price 7.17 9.42 4.59 5.49 5.28 3.95 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 5.9 7.8 6.7 7.0 9.5 8.8 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price -- -- -- -- 9.87 9.00 1994-2012

158

Nebraska Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 4.86 6.22 2.97 3.98 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 7.67 8.12 5.87 5.62 5.11 4.31 1984-2012 Residential Price 11.15 11.11 9.34 8.95 8.84 8.68 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 85.7 87.1 87.8 87.4 87.3 85.8 1989-2012 Commercial Price 9.16 9.62 7.44 7.08 6.69 6.19 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 63.9 57.5 61.3 60.6 60.6 55.8 1990-2012 Industrial Price 7.97 9.12 6.02 5.85 5.61 4.34 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 9.7 10.2 8.9 8.2 7.6 6.8 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 15.10 15.29 1994-2012 Electric Power Price

159

Linear Correlation Between Patient Survival and Decreased Percentage of Tumor [{sup 18}F]Fluorodeoxyglucose Uptake for Late-Course Accelerated Hyperfractionated Radiotherapy for Esophageal Cancer  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The aims of this trial were to study whether a decreased percentage of tumor fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake (%DeltaSUVmax) correlated with overall survival and local control times for patients with esophageal cancer and which patients would benefit from a late-course accelerated hyperfractionated (LCHF) radiation scheme. Methods and Materials: A total of 50 eligible patients with squamous esophageal cancer received positron-emission tomography examinations three times and were treated with the LCHF radiation scheme, with a dose of 68.4 Gy/41 fractions in 6.5 weeks. A %DeltaSUVmax value was calculated, and patients were stratified as highly radiosensitive (HR), moderately radiosensitive (MR), and low radiosensitivity (LR) according to %DeltaSUVmax values in the conventional fraction (CF) scheme. Then, a linear correlation was calculated between patients' survival time and %DeltaSUVmax. Local control and overall survival rates were compared after stratification. Results: In the MR subgroup, there was no linear correlation between %DeltaSUVmax and the CF and LCHF schemes (correlation coefficient, R < 0.4; p > 0.05). In the other subgroups (HR and LR), %DeltaSUVmax values between the CF and LCHF schemes were correlated. Also, in the HR and LR subgroups, %DeltaSUVmax after radiation correlated with overall survival or local control rates (correlation coefficient, R >0.5, and p < 0.05). Three-year local control rates in the HR, MR, and LR subgroups were 100%, 81.5%, and 0%, respectively (p < 0.001). Also, 3-year overall survival rates were 92.4%, 58.8%, and 0% for HR, MR, and LR subgroups, respectively (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Postradiation %DeltaSUVmax was positively correlated with survival time for patients' with esophageal cancer. Patients who benefited from LCHF schedules were those with a decrease of 30% to 60% in tumor FDG uptake after the completion of CF radiation.

Ma Jinbo; Song Yipeng [Department of Oncology, Shandong University School of Medicine, Shandong Province (China); Department of Radiation Oncology, Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital, School of Medicine, Qingdao University, Yantai (China); Yu Jinming, E-mail: yujmwin@yahoo.cn [Department of Oncology, Shandong University School of Medicine, Shandong Province (China); Department of Radiation Oncology, Shandong Cancer Hospital and Institute, Shandong Province (China); Zhou Wei [Department of Oncology, Shandong University School of Medicine, Shandong Province (China); Cheng Ercheng [Department of Radiation Oncology, Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital, School of Medicine, Qingdao University, Yantai (China); Zhang Xiqin [Department of Radiation Oncology, Shandong Cancer Hospital and Institute, Shandong Province (China)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

160

Challenges for Na-ion Negative Electrodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Na-ion batteries have been proposed as candidates for replacing Li-ion batteries. In this paper we examine the viability of Na-ion negative electrode materials based on Na alloys or hard carbons in terms of volumetric ...

Chevrier, V. L.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1967-2012 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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161

NA-54 IPR Production | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NA-54 IPR Production NA-54 IPR Production NA-54 IPR Production More Documents & Publications Accelerating Clean-up at Savannah River DOE EIR FM.doc Project Annex for IPR...

162

Results from NA61/SHINE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we summarize recent results from NA61/SHINE relevant for heavy ion physics, neutrino oscillations and the interpretation of air showers induced by ultra-high energy cosmic rays.

Unger, M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Florida Natural Gas Summary  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Wellhead Wellhead NA NA NA NA 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use 1967-2005 Citygate 7.97 9.73 5.76 5.49 5.07 3.93 1984-2012 Residential 20.61 21.07 20.18 17.89 18.16 18.31 1967-2012 Commercial 13.07 14.45 11.09 10.60 11.14 10.41 1967-2012 Industrial 10.56 11.72 9.41 8.33 8.07 6.96 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel 12.82 15.56 13.16 17.98 5.56 9.83 1989-2012 Electric Power 9.35 10.41 7.90 6.54 5.86 4.80 1997-2012 Dry Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Proved Reserves as of 12/31 108 1 7 56 6 1977-2011 Adjustments 4 79 6 64 -54 1977-2011 Revision Increases 110 0 0 0 13 1977-2011 Revision Decreases 0 183 0 0 9 1977-2011 Sales 47 0 0 0 0 2000-2011 Acquisitions 0 0 0 0 0 2000-2011 Extensions 0 0 0 0 0 1977-2011

164

Average Commercial Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1.34 12.23 10.06 9.47 8.91 8.10 1967-2012 1.34 12.23 10.06 9.47 8.91 8.10 1967-2012 Alabama 15.06 15.58 14.94 13.34 12.36 12.55 1967-2012 Alaska 7.57 8.66 9.51 8.78 8.09 8.09 1967-2012 Arizona 12.84 13.01 12.15 10.72 9.99 9.35 1967-2012 Arkansas 10.07 11.32 10.72 8.89 8.90 7.99 1967-2012 California 10.20 11.75 7.75 8.30 8.29 7.05 1967-2012 Colorado 8.10 9.01 7.56 7.58 7.84 7.58 1967-2012 Connecticut 12.61 13.81 9.92 9.55 8.48 8.40 1967-2012 Delaware 14.48 14.24 15.87 13.26 13.58 13.31 1967-2012 District of Columbia 13.69 13.90 12.99 12.26 12.24 11.19 1980-2012 Florida 13.07 14.45 11.09 10.60 11.14 10.41 1967-2012 Georgia 13.21 14.30 11.70 10.95 10.51 9.74 1967-2012 Hawaii 28.31 39.01 30.00 36.55 45.58 47.03 1980-2012 Idaho 10.67 10.28 9.77 8.21 8.09 7.35 1967-2012

165

Average Commercial Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1.34 12.23 10.06 9.47 8.91 8.10 1967-2012 1.34 12.23 10.06 9.47 8.91 8.10 1967-2012 Alabama 15.06 15.58 14.94 13.34 12.36 12.55 1967-2012 Alaska 7.57 8.66 9.51 8.78 8.09 8.09 1967-2012 Arizona 12.84 13.01 12.15 10.72 9.99 9.35 1967-2012 Arkansas 10.07 11.32 10.72 8.89 8.90 7.99 1967-2012 California 10.20 11.75 7.75 8.30 8.29 7.05 1967-2012 Colorado 8.10 9.01 7.56 7.58 7.84 7.58 1967-2012 Connecticut 12.61 13.81 9.92 9.55 8.48 8.40 1967-2012 Delaware 14.48 14.24 15.87 13.26 13.58 13.31 1967-2012 District of Columbia 13.69 13.90 12.99 12.26 12.24 11.19 1980-2012 Florida 13.07 14.45 11.09 10.60 11.14 10.41 1967-2012 Georgia 13.21 14.30 11.70 10.95 10.51 9.74 1967-2012 Hawaii 28.31 39.01 30.00 36.55 45.58 47.03 1980-2012 Idaho 10.67 10.28 9.77 8.21 8.09 7.35 1967-2012

166

Deliquescence of NaCl-NaNO3 and KNO3-NaNO3 Salt Mixtures at 90C  

SciTech Connect

We conducted reversed deliquescence experiments in saturated NaCl-NaNO3-H2O and KNO{sub 3}-NaNO{sub 3}-H{sub 2}O systems at 90 C to determine relative humidity and solution composition. NaCl, NaNO{sub 3}, and KNO{sub 3} represent members of dust salt assemblages that are likely to deliquesce and form concentrated brines on high-level radioactive waste package surfaces in a repository environment at Yucca Mountain, NV, USA. Model predictions agree with experimental results for the NaCl-NaNO{sub 3}-H{sub 2}O system, but underestimate relative humidity by as much as 8% and solution composition by as much as 50% in the KNO{sub 3}-NaNO{sub 3}-H{sub 2}O system.

Carroll, S; Craig, L; Wolery, T

2003-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

167

New Improved Equations For Na-K, Na-Li And Sio2 Geothermometers...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Improved Equations For Na-K, Na-Li And Sio2 Geothermometers By Outlier Detection And Rejection Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: New...

168

Kentucky Natural Gas Summary  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

35 8.42 NA 4.47 1967-2010 35 8.42 NA 4.47 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use 1967-2005 Citygate 8.22 10.14 5.98 5.69 5.18 4.17 1984-2012 Residential 12.05 13.84 11.97 10.02 10.44 10.19 1967-2012 Commercial 11.29 13.25 10.89 8.61 8.79 8.28 1967-2012 Industrial 8.37 10.41 6.04 5.57 5.16 3.96 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel -- -- -- -- -- -- 1992-2012 Electric Power W W W W W W 1997-2012 Dry Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Proved Reserves as of 12/31 2,469 2,714 2,782 2,613 2,006 1977-2011 Adjustments 37 81 97 -58 -34 1977-2011 Revision Increases 62 187 126 103 178 1977-2011 Revision Decreases 152 133 760 540 639 1977-2011 Sales 4 10 0 0 100 2000-2011 Acquisitions 6 13 0 39 84 2000-2011 Extensions 373 200 713 383 4 1977-2011

169

Investigation of Ti-doped NaAlH4 by solid-state NMR  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In recent years, the development of Ti-doped NaAlH{sub 4} as a hydrogen storage material has gained attention because of its large weight percentage of hydrogen ({approx}5%) compared to traditional interstitial hydrides. The addition of transition-metal dopants, in the form of Ti-halides, such as TiCl{sub 3}, dramatically improves the kinetics of the absorption and desorption of hydrogen from NaAlH{sub 4}. However, the role that Ti plays in enhancing the absorption and desorption of H{sub 2} is still unknown. In the present study, {sup 27}Al, {sup 23}Na, and {sup 1}H MAS (Magic Angle Spinning) NMR (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance) has been performed to understand the titanium speciation in Ti-doped NaAlH{sub 4}. All experiments were performed on a sample of crushed single crystals exposed to Ti during growth, a sample of solvent-mixed 4TiCl{sub 3} + 112NaAlH{sub 4}, a reacted sample of solvent-mixed TiCl{sub 3} + {sup 3}NaAlH{sub 4} with THF, and a reacted sample of ball-milled TiCl3 + 3NaAlH{sub 4}. The {sup 27}Al MAS NMR has shown differences in compound formation between solvent-mixed TiCl{sub 3} + 3NaAlH{sub 4} with THF and the mechanically ball-milled TiCl{sub 3} + 3NaAlH{sub 4}. {sup 27}Al MAS NMR of the mechanically ball-milled mixture of fully-reacted TiCl{sub 3} + 3NaAlH{sub 4} showed spectral signatures of TiAl{sub 3} while, the solvent-mixed 4TiCl{sub 3} + 112NaAlH{sub 4}, which is totally reacted, does not show the presences of TiAl{sub 3}, but shows the existence of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}.

Maxwell, R; Majzoub, E; Herberg, J

2003-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

170

Defective graphene as promising anode material for Na-ion battery and Ca-ion battery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have investigated adsorption of Na and Ca on graphene with divacancy (DV) and Stone-Wales (SW) defect. Our results show that adsorption is not possible on pristine graphene. However, their adsorption on defective sheet is energetically favorable. The enhanced adsorption can be attributed to the increased charge transfer between adatoms and underlying defective sheet. With the increase in defect density until certain possible limit, maximum percentage of adsorption also increases giving higher battery capacity. For maximum possible DV defect, we can achieve maximum capacity of 1459 mAh/g for Na-ion batteries (NIBs) and 2900 mAh/g for Ca-ion batteries (CIBs). For graphene full of SW defect, we find the maximum capacity of NIBs and CIBs is around 1071 mAh/g and 2142 mAh/g respectively. Our results will help create better anode materials with much higher capacity and better cycling performance for NIBs and CIBs.

Datta, Dibakar; Shenoy, Vivek B

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

The Dow Chemical Company - NA System House ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Dow Chemical Company - NA System House - Wilmington. NVLAP Lab Code: 100210-0. Address and Contact Information: ...

2013-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

172

Average Residential Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3.08 13.89 12.14 11.39 11.03 10.71 1967-2012 3.08 13.89 12.14 11.39 11.03 10.71 1967-2012 Alabama 18.14 18.30 18.12 15.79 15.08 16.20 1967-2012 Alaska 8.68 8.72 10.23 8.89 8.77 8.47 1967-2012 Arizona 17.21 17.60 17.65 15.87 15.04 15.75 1967-2012 Arkansas 13.08 14.09 13.39 11.53 11.46 11.82 1967-2012 California 11.57 12.75 9.43 9.92 9.93 9.14 1967-2012 Colorado 8.84 9.77 8.80 8.13 8.25 8.31 1967-2012 Connecticut 16.39 17.85 14.81 14.93 13.83 14.17 1967-2012 Delaware 16.21 16.07 17.79 15.12 15.38 15.24 1967-2012 District of Columbia 15.67 16.49 13.92 13.53 13.06 12.10 1980-2012 Florida 20.61 21.07 20.18 17.89 18.16 18.31 1967-2012 Georgia 17.53 18.26 16.30 15.17 15.72 16.23 1967-2012 Hawaii 34.05 44.57 36.37 44.50 55.28 52.86 1980-2012

173

Average Residential Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3.08 13.89 12.14 11.39 11.03 10.71 1967-2012 Alabama 18.14 18.30 18.12 15.79 15.08 16.20 1967-2012 Alaska 8.68 8.72 10.23 8.89 8.77 8.47 1967-2012 Arizona 17.21 17.60 17.65 15.87...

174

Aquecimento Global e Mudana Climtica na Amaznia:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

73 a 292. 1 Aquecimento Global e Mudana Climtica na Amaznia: Retroalimentao Clima-Vegetao e Impactos nos Recursos Hdricos Jos Marengo, 1 Carlos A. Nobre, 1...

175

Figure 9.4 Natural Gas Prices (Dollarsa per Thousand Cubic Feet)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Figure 9.4 Natural Gas Prices (Dollarsa per Thousand Cubic Feet) Wellhead and Citygate, 19492012 Consuming Sectors, 19672012 Consuming Sectors, Monthly

176

Georgia Supplemental Supplies of Natural Gas  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

* 52 732 701 660 1967-2012 Propane-Air 2 0 0 1980-2012 Biomass 52 732 701 660 1993-2012 Other 0 0 1980...

177

New Improved Equations For Na-K, Na-Li And Sio2 Geothermometers By Outlier  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Improved Equations For Na-K, Na-Li And Sio2 Geothermometers By Outlier Improved Equations For Na-K, Na-Li And Sio2 Geothermometers By Outlier Detection And Rejection Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: New Improved Equations For Na-K, Na-Li And Sio2 Geothermometers By Outlier Detection And Rejection Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: We present new improved equations for three still widely used Na/K, Na/Li and SiO2 geothermometers (obtained by statistical treatment of the data and application of outlier detection and rejection as well as theory of error propagation) and compare them with those by Fournier and others. New equations are also developed for estimating errors associated with the use of these new geothermometric equations and comparing them with the performance of the original equations. The errors in the use of the new

178

2012 Annual Workforce Analysis and Staffing Plan Report - NNSA NA-00 and NA-10  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Last printed 1/24/2013 10:50:00 AM Page 1 of 12 Last printed 1/24/2013 10:50:00 AM Page 1 of 12 Part 1. NA-00/NA-10/NA-15 Input Annual Workforce Analysis and Staffing Plan Report As of December 31, 2012 Reporting Offices: NNSA NA-10 HQ (including NA-15 inputs) and NA-00 (while transitioning to new organizational structure) Section One: Current Mission(s) of the Organization and Potential Changes NNSA Mission: To strengthen United States security through the military application of nuclear energy. NNSA Vision: To be an integrated nuclear security enterprise operating an efficient and agile nuclear weapons complex, recognized as preeminent in technical leadership and program management. Organizational Changes: NNSA is in the final phase of another re-organization that will split NA- 10 and establish an independent office, NA-00, to oversee the NNSA sites and other non-weapons-

179

Net Withdrawals of Natural Gas from Underground Storage - All Operators  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

192,093 33,973 -348,719 -17,009 -347,562 -7,279 1967-2012 192,093 33,973 -348,719 -17,009 -347,562 -7,279 1967-2012 Alaska 1973-1975 Lower 48 States -347,562 -7,279 2011-2012 Alabama -140 -4,452 2,278 -6,286 -7,357 2,456 1968-2012 Arkansas -278 563 760 -304 -219 112 1967-2012 California 3,687 -22,721 -14,565 -23,157 -20,591 -48,077 1967-2012 Colorado -633 -2,140 -3,442 1,760 -3,128 -2,570 1967-2012 Connecticut 1973-1996 Delaware 1967-1975 Georgia 1974-1975 Idaho 1974-1975 Illinois 7,333 -506 -11,464 -2,323 -1,186 1,001 1967-2012 Indiana 2,419 37 -2,181 511 -2,401 1,097 1967-2012 Iowa 2,450 -2,274 -4,861 2,037 -4,244 10,517 1967-2012 Kansas 15,355 -14,613 3,685 8,484 -20,296 11,916 1967-2012 Kentucky 5,440 4,694 -4,938 2,159 -12,704 1,982 1967-2012 Louisiana 12,923 5,924 -46,527 -38,961 -37,124 12,820 1967-2012

180

Net Withdrawals of Natural Gas from Underground Storage - All Operators  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

192,093 33,973 -348,719 -17,009 -347,562 -7,279 1967-2012 192,093 33,973 -348,719 -17,009 -347,562 -7,279 1967-2012 Alaska 1973-1975 Lower 48 States -347,562 -7,279 2011-2012 Alabama -140 -4,452 2,278 -6,286 -7,357 2,456 1968-2012 Arkansas -278 563 760 -304 -219 112 1967-2012 California 3,687 -22,721 -14,565 -23,157 -20,591 -48,077 1967-2012 Colorado -633 -2,140 -3,442 1,760 -3,128 -2,570 1967-2012 Connecticut 1973-1996 Delaware 1967-1975 Georgia 1974-1975 Idaho 1974-1975 Illinois 7,333 -506 -11,464 -2,323 -1,186 1,001 1967-2012 Indiana 2,419 37 -2,181 511 -2,401 1,097 1967-2012 Iowa 2,450 -2,274 -4,861 2,037 -4,244 10,517 1967-2012 Kansas 15,355 -14,613 3,685 8,484 -20,296 11,916 1967-2012 Kentucky 5,440 4,694 -4,938 2,159 -12,704 1,982 1967-2012 Louisiana 12,923 5,924 -46,527 -38,961 -37,124 12,820 1967-2012

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181

Workforce Statistics - NA 70 | National Nuclear Security Administratio...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Blog Workforce Statistics - NA 70 Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA 70...

182

Workforce Statistics - NA MB | National Nuclear Security Administratio...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Blog Workforce Statistics - NA MB Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA MB...

183

Workforce Statistics - NA 20 | National Nuclear Security Administratio...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Blog Workforce Statistics - NA 20 Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA 20...

184

Workforce Statistics - NA 10 | National Nuclear Security Administratio...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Blog Workforce Statistics - NA 10 Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA 10...

185

Workforce Statistics - NA EA | National Nuclear Security Administratio...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Blog Workforce Statistics - NA EA Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA EA...

186

Workforce Statistics - NA-30 | National Nuclear Security Administratio...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Blog Workforce Statistics - NA-30 Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA-30...

187

Workforce Statistics - NA 40 | National Nuclear Security Administratio...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Blog Workforce Statistics - NA 40 Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA 40...

188

Workforce Statistics - NA GC | National Nuclear Security Administratio...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Blog Workforce Statistics - NA GC Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA GC...

189

Workforce Statistics - NA 1 | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Blog Workforce Statistics - NA 1 Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA 1...

190

Workforce Statistics - NA APM | National Nuclear Security Administrati...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Blog Workforce Statistics - NA APM Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA APM...

191

Workforce Statistics - NA SH | National Nuclear Security Administratio...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Blog Workforce Statistics - NA SH Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA SH...

192

Workforce Statistics - NA 80 | National Nuclear Security Administratio...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Blog Workforce Statistics - NA 80 Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA 80...

193

Workforce Statistics - NA IM | National Nuclear Security Administratio...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Blog Workforce Statistics - NA IM Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA IM...

194

Development of Low-Temperature Molten Na Batteries with ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Our novel battery system operates at temperatures near the melting point of Na metal, and employs a NaSICON ceramic primary electrolyte separator.

195

Transepithelial transport in cell culture: Stoichiometry of Na/phlorizin ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Membrane Biology. Transepithelial Transport in Cell Culture: Stoiehiometry of Na /Phlorizin Binding and Na/D-Glueose Cotransport. A Two-Step, Two-Sodium...

196

Deliquescence of NaCl-NaNO3, KNO3-NaNO3, and NaCl-KNO3 Salt Mixtures From 90 to 120?C  

SciTech Connect

We conducted reversed deliquescence experiments in saturated NaCl-NaNO{sub 3}-H{sub 2}O, KNO{sub 3}-NaNO{sub 3}-H{sub 2}O, and NaCl-KNO{sub 3}-H{sub 2}O systems from 90 to 120 C as a function of relative humidity and solution composition. NaCl, NaNO{sub 3}, and KNO{sub 3} represent members of dust salt assemblages that are likely to deliquesce and form concentrated brines on high-level radioactive waste package surfaces in a repository environment at Yucca Mountain, NV, USA. Discrepancy between model prediction and experimental code can be as high as 8% for relative humidity and 50% for dissolved ion concentration. The discrepancy is attributed primarily to the use of 25 C models for Cl-NO{sub 3} and K-NO{sub 3} ion interactions in the current Yucca Mountain Project high-temperature Pitzer model to describe the non-ideal behavior of these highly concentrated solutions.

Carroll, S A; Craig, L; Wolery, T J

2004-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

197

The effect of Na{sup +} impurities on the conductivity and water uptake of nafion 115 polymer electrolyte fuel cell membranes.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Water uptake and ionic conductivities are reported for Nafion 115 membranes as functions of water activity and percentage of sulfonic groups occupied by sodium impurities. Water content was determined gravimetrically under liquid hydration and at 100, 75.3, and 11.3% relative humidity (RH). Water content exponentially decreased from the H{sup +}-form membrane water uptake isotherm to the Na{sup +}-form isotherm when hydrated by water vapor. Ninety percent of this decrease is reached at a substitution level of 0.2Na{sup +}/SO{sub 3}{sup -}. Water uptake under liquid water hydration decreased more gradually, only 50% to completion at 0.2Na{sup +}/SO{sub 3}{sup -}. Four-probe conductivity testing of Nafion 115 membranes, normalized against dry dimensions, revealed that although hydration decreases immediately with the introduction of sodium impurities, ionic conductivity at 100% RH remains constant up to 0.15Na{sup +}/SO{sub 3}{sup -}. Above 0.15Na{sup +}/SO{sub 3}{sup -} an exponential decrease in ionic conductivity is observed with higher sodium content. The dependence of ionic conductivity on water content is also reported for sodium contents of 0, 0.27, 0.62 and 1Na{sup +}/SO{sub 3}{sup -}.

Bendert, J. C.; Papadias, D. D.; Myers, D. J.; Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division

2010-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

198

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Na-ion Intercalation Electrodes for Na...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CAES Pumped Hydro Power Stationary 1 kW 100 kW 10 MW 1 GW 10 kW 1 MW 100 MW Li Ion Battery NaS, Na metal halide Vehicle Energy Density and Cost Lifetime and Capital Cost PHEV...

199

Average Commercial Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History District of Columbia 13.69 13.90 12.99 12.26 12.24 11.19 1980-2012 Florida 13.07 14.45 11.09 10.60 11.14 10.41 1967-2012 Georgia 13.21 14.30 11.70 10.95 10.51 9.74 1967-2012 Maryland 12.30 13.12 10.87 9.87 10.29 10.00 1967-2012 Michigan 10.02 10.66 9.38 8.95 9.14 8.35 1967-2012 New Jersey 12.10 13.38 10.20 10.11 9.51 8.50 1967-2012 New York 11.82 12.86 10.72 10.88 9.32 7.84 1967-2012 Ohio 11.74 12.77 10.42 9.25 8.55 7.11 1967-2012 Pennsylvania 12.77 14.29 11.83 10.47 10.42 10.24 1967-2012 Virginia

200

Michigan Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

17,041 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 54,114 10,716 12,919 9,453 11,620 4,470 1967-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 136,367 131,119 125,614 119,984 113,736 107,822 2007-2012 From Coalbed...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1967-2012 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

North Dakota Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

22,261 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 47,335 54,896 45,776 38,306 27,739 17,434 1967-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 7,046 18,554 35,450 65,060 114,998 218,873 2007-2012 From Coalbed Wells 0...

202

New York Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

35,163 30,495 25,985 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 710 714 576 650 629 439 1967-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2012 From Coalbed Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2006-2012...

203

Arkansas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

121,684 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 7,509 7,378 5,743 5,691 9,291 3,000 1967-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 84,049 265,729 510,554 769,679 935,237 1,021,484 2007-2012 From Coalbed...

204

Utah Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

402,899 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 35,104 36,056 36,795 42,526 49,947 31,440 1967-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 1,333 2007-2012 From Coalbed Wells 78,367 74,399 72,492 66,223...

205

Nebraska Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2,734 2,092 1,854 1,317 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 228 221 182 163 126 11 1967-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2012 From Coalbed Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2006-2012...

206

Alabama Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

114,407 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 6,096 6,368 5,758 6,195 5,975 10,978 1967-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2012 From Coalbed Wells 114,994 112,222 107,699 103,060...

207

Montana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

27,518 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 23,092 22,995 21,522 19,292 21,777 20,085 1967-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 14,587 14,509 13,957 12,937 13,101 15,619 2007-2012 From Coalbed Wells...

208

Mississippi Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

404,457 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 6,203 7,542 8,934 8,714 8,159 43,421 1967-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2012 From Coalbed Wells 7,673 7,250 6,785 5,921 5,363...

209

Pennsylvania Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

184,795 173,450 242,305 210,609 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 0 0 0 0 0 3,456 1967-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 0 9,757 89,074 399,452 1,068,288 2,042,632 2007-2012 From Coalbed Wells 0...

210

Kansas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

264,610 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 44,023 45,038 42,647 39,071 37,194 0 1967-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2012 From Coalbed Wells 35,980 44,066 43,661 38,869...

211

West Virginia Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

192,896 151,401 167,113 397,313 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 701 0 0 0 0 1,477 1967-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 40,515 53,436 71,540 113,773 227,012 141,071 2007-2012 From Coalbed Wells...

212

Missouri Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1967-2012 From Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2012 From Coalbed Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2012...

213

Indiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3,606 4,701 4,927 6,802 9,075 8,814 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 1967-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2012 From Coalbed Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2006-2012...

214

Kentucky Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

122,578 106,122 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 0 1,529 1,518 1,809 1,665 0 1967-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2012 From Coalbed Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2006-2012...

215

Illinois Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1,389 1,188 1,438 1,697 2,114 2,125 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 5 5 5 5 7 0 1967-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2012 From Coalbed Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2006-2012...

216

Deliveries of Natural Gas Across U.S. Borders (Annual Supply...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

46,385 1967-2012 California 96,757 109,127 101,422 43,278 94,433 110,656 1967-2012 Idaho 0 252 113 12 10 0 1999-2012 Louisiana 0 0 0 22,814 38,552 7,655 2007-2012 Maine 0 0...

217

Wyoming Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

From Gas Wells 1,649,284 1,764,084 1,806,807 1,787,599 1,709,218 1,762,095 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 159,039 156,133 135,269 151,871 152,589 24,544 1967-2012 From Shale Gas Wells...

218

Maryland Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

35 28 43 43 34 44 1967-2012 From Gas Wells 35 28 43 43 34 44 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2006-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2012 From Coalbed Wells 0 0 0 0 0...

219

Missouri Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 0 0 0 0 0 1967-2012 From Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2012 From Coalbed Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2012...

220

Virginia Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

146,405 1967-2012 From Gas Wells 6,681 7,419 16,046 23,086 20,375 21,802 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 0 0 0 0 0 9 2006-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 19,100 19,468 18,284 16,433 18,501...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1967-2012 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Louisiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

From Gas Wells 1,261,539 1,288,559 1,100,007 911,967 883,712 775,506 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 106,303 61,663 58,037 63,638 68,505 49,380 1967-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 14,986...

222

Anodic dissolution characteristics and electrochemical migration lifetimes of Sn solder in NaCl and Na2SO4 solutions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In situ water drop tests and anodic polarization tests of pure Sn solder were carried out in deaerated 0.001% NaCl and Na"2SO"4 solutions to determine the correlation between anodic dissolution characteristics and the electrochemical migration lifetime. ... Keywords: Anodic dissolution, Electrochemical migration, Life time, Na2SO4, NaCl, Sn solder

Ja-Young Jung; Shin-Bok Lee; Young-Chang Joo; Ho-Young Lee; Young-Bae Park

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Word Pro - S9.lwp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 1 Table 9.10 Natural Gas Prices (Dollars a per Thousand Cubic Feet) Wellhead Price f City- gate Price g Consuming Sectors b Residential Commercial c Industrial d Transportation Electric Power e Price h Percentage of Sector i Price h Percentage of Sector i Price h Percentage of Sector i Vehicle Fuel j Price h Price h Percentage of Sector i,k 1950 Average .................... 0.07 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1955 Average .................... .10 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1960 Average .................... .14 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1965 Average .................... .16 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1970 Average .................... .17 NA 1.09 NA .77 NA .37 NA NA .29 NA 1975 Average .................... .44 NA 1.71 NA 1.35 NA .96 NA NA .77 96.1 1980 Average ....................

224

2011 Annual Planning Summary for Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation (NA-20)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The ongoing and projected Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Statements for 2011 and 2012 within Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation (NA-20).

225

Advanced Intermediate-Temperature Na-S Battery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, we reported an intermediate-temperature (~150C) sodium-sulfur (Na-S) battery. With a reduced operating temperature, this novel battery can potentially reduce the cost and safety issues associated with the conventional high-temperature (300~350C) Na-S battery. A dense ?"-Al2O3 solid membrane and tetraglyme were utilized as the electrolyte separator and catholyte solvent in this battery. Solubility tests indicated that cathode mixture of Na2S4 and S exhibited extremely high solubility in tetraglyme (e.g., > 4.1 M for Na2S4 + 4 S). CV scans of Na2S4 in tetraglyme revealed two pairs of redox couples with peaks at around 2.22 and 1.75 V, corresponding to the redox reactions of polysulfide species. The discharge/charge profiles of the Na-S battery showed a slope region and a plateau, indicating multiple steps and cell reactions. In-situ Raman measurements during battery operation suggested that polysulfide species were formed in the sequence of Na2S5 + S ? Na2S5 + Na2S4? Na2S4 + Na2S2 during discharge and in a reverse order during charge. This battery showed dramatic improvement in rate capacity and cycling stability over room-temperature Na-S batteries, which makes it attractive for renewable energy integration and other grid related applications.

Lu, Xiaochuan; Kirby, Brent W.; Xu, Wu; Li, Guosheng; Kim, Jin Yong; Lemmon, John P.; Sprenkle, Vincent L.; Yang, Zhenguo (Gary)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Workforce Statistics - NA-30 | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

NA-30 | National Nuclear Security Administration NA-30 | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Workforce Statistics - NA-30 Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA-30 Workforce Statistics - NA-30 Workforce Statistics - Naval Reactors

227

Workforce Statistics - NA 1 | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

| National Nuclear Security Administration | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Workforce Statistics - NA 1 Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA 1 Workforce Statistics - NA 1 NA 1 FY12 NA 1 Semi Annual Report

228

Residential Consumption of Natural Gas (Summary)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4,722,358 4,892,277 4,778,907 4,782,412 4,713,777 4,148,970 4,722,358 4,892,277 4,778,907 4,782,412 4,713,777 4,148,970 1930-2012 Alabama 35,481 37,793 36,061 42,215 36,582 27,582 1967-2012 Alaska 19,843 21,439 19,978 18,714 20,262 21,380 1967-2012 Arizona 38,321 38,453 34,732 37,812 38,592 34,974 1967-2012 Arkansas 32,731 35,718 33,252 36,240 33,737 26,191 1967-2012 California 492,378 489,304 480,721 494,890 512,565 477,931 1967-2012 Colorado 130,971 133,947 128,993 131,224 130,116 115,306 1967-2012 Connecticut 43,348 42,935 43,995 42,729 44,719 41,050 1967-2012 Delaware 10,000 9,875 10,049 10,126 10,030 8,564 1967-2012 District of Columbia 13,371 13,222 13,466 13,608 12,386 11,260 1980-2012 Florida 15,066 15,594 15,214 18,744 16,400 14,395 1967-2012 Georgia

229

Classes sociais e estilos de vida na sociedade brasileira.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??O objetivo principal deste trabalho investigar a formao das classes sociais na sociedade brasileira como possveis coletividades que balizam a sociabilidade cotidiana e configuram (more)

Edison Ricardo Emiliano Bertoncelo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Workforce Statistics - NA 1 | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Workforce Statistics - NA 1 Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights >...

231

Michigan Natural Gas Percentage Total Industrial Deliveries (Percent)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; 1990's: 3.91: 4.01: 3.81: 3.91: 2.86: 2.59: 2.96: 2000's: 2.91: 3.05: 3.15: 2.98: 2.91 ...

232

Achieving uniform distribution and dispersion of high percentage ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, 2014 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium , Light-metal Matrix (Nano)-composites. Presentation Title, Achieving uniform...

233

Percentage of Total Natural Gas Commercial Deliveries included in Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

80.4 79.7 77.8 77.5 67.3 65.2 1987-2012 80.4 79.7 77.8 77.5 67.3 65.2 1987-2012 Alabama 79.8 80.2 78.8 79.3 78.9 76.2 1990-2012 Alaska 76.0 74.9 85.3 87.7 88.6 94.9 1990-2012 Arizona 93.4 93.1 88.0 88.7 87.8 86.6 1990-2012 Arkansas 70.4 64.5 59.4 55.6 51.5 40.2 1990-2012 California 60.7 56.7 54.9 54.1 54.3 50.0 1990-2012 Colorado 95.7 95.2 94.8 94.6 93.8 92.2 1990-2012 Connecticut 71.5 70.7 69.0 65.4 65.4 65.1 1990-2012 Delaware 74.8 70.6 53.5 49.8 53.4 43.7 1990-2012 District of Columbia 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 16.9 17.9 1990-2012 Florida 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 38.5 37.0 1990-2012 Georgia 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1990-2012 Hawaii 100 100 100 100 100 100 1990-2012 Idaho 84.8 86.0 83.7 82.0 80.8 77.0 1990-2012 Illinois

234

Issues and Methods for Estimating the Percentage Share of Ethanol ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Together, these vehicles are estimated to account for ... Many interested parties, including auto manufacturers, ethanol producers, petroleum refiners, and

235

Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History 20.0 or Less 11.72 13.22 14.08 15.13 17.20 16.66 1978-2012 20.1 to 25.0 23.12 23.50 26.11 26.01 27.47 29.77 1978-2012 25.1 to...

236

Percentage of Total Natural Gas Residential Deliveries included...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

98.0 97.5 97.4 97.4 96.2 95.8 1989-2012 Alabama 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Alaska 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Arizona 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

237

Figure SR2. Net Imports as Percentage of Domestic Consumption ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Figure SR2 of the U.S. Natural Gas Imports & Exports: 2009. This report provides an overview of U.S. international natural gas trade in 2009. Natural gas import and ...

238

Workforce Statistics - NA 20 | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

20 | National Nuclear Security Administration 20 | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Workforce Statistics - NA 20 Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA 20 Workforce Statistics - NA 20 NA 20 FY12 NA 20 Semi Annual Report

239

Workforce Statistics - NA 40 | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

40 | National Nuclear Security Administration 40 | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Workforce Statistics - NA 40 Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA 40 Workforce Statistics - NA 40 NA40 FY12 NA 40 Semi Annual Report

240

Workforce Statistics - NA 10 | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

0 | National Nuclear Security Administration 0 | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Workforce Statistics - NA 10 Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Office of Civil Rights > Workforce Statistics > Workforce Statistics - NA 10 Workforce Statistics - NA 10 NA 10 FY12 NA 10 Semi Annual Report

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1967-2012 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

EUV microexposures at the ALS using the 0.3-NA MET projection optics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

micro-exposure capabilities at the ALS using the 0.3-NA METEUV Microexposures at the ALS using the 0.3-NA MET Optic,microexposures at the ALS using the 0.3-NA MET projection

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Analysis of NaOH releases for Hanford tank farms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The information contained in the canceled document is now located in the document: Consequence Analysis of a NaOH Solution Spray Release During Addition to Waste Tank, WHC-SD-WM-CN-065.

Ryan, G.W., Westinghouse Hanford

1996-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

243

Status and plans of the NA61/SHINE physics program  

SciTech Connect

One of the NA61/SHINE experiment's goals is to discover the critical point of strongly interacting matter and study the properties of the onset of deconfinement. This is to be achieved by performing a two-dimensional phase diagram (T- Micro-Sign {sub B}) scan-measuring hadron production in collisions of various beam particles and targets at various beam energies. NA61/SHINE also collects data for the T2K experiment, which are just about to be published.

Czopowicz, T., E-mail: Tobiasz.Roman.Czopowicz@cern.ch [Warsaw University of Technology, Faculty of Physics (Poland)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

244

Georgia Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Area: Period: Download ... 10.51: 9.64: 1967-2012: Local Distribution Companies : 10.72: 10.42 : 2006-2011: Marketers : 11.00: 10.53 : 2006-2011: Percent Sold by ...

245

New York Supplemental Supplies of Natural Gas  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

13 7 6 2 0 0 1967-2012 Synthetic 1980-2005 Propane-Air 13 7 6 2 1980-2010 Biomass 1993-2005 Other 1980-2005...

246

Ohio Supplemental Supplies of Natural Gas  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

608 460 522 353 296 366 1967-2012 Synthetic 0 1980-2012 Propane-Air 271 81 66 40 27 6 1980-2012 Biomass 337 379 456 313 269 360 1993-2012...

247

Illinois Supplemental Supplies of Natural Gas  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

11 15 20 17 1 1 1967-2012 Synthetic 0 1980-2012 Propane-Air 11 15 20 17 1 1 1980-2012 Refinery Gas 1980-2005 Biomass 0 1999-2012 Other 0 2005...

248

Office of Civil Rights, NNSA, NA 1.2, Albuquerque Complex  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

http:hq.na.govocr Fiscal Year 2011 Year-End Workforce Diversity Assistant Deputy Administrator for Secure Transportation NA-15 OCR Functions: Technical advisory services...

249

Sodium Sulfur (NaS) Battery Research in Korea: Part II ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, The activities of sodium sulfur (NaS) battery research in Korea ... The presentation was focused on the development of tubular NaS batteries...

250

Comparative studies of etching mechanisms of CR-39 in NaOH/H2O and NaOH/ethanol  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of scission of the carbonate ester bond in CR-39 by the hydroxide ion through basic hydro- lysis of ester-39 detectors during etching in NaOH/ethanol has also shown that sodium car- bonate is present

Yu, K.N.

251

Withdrawals of Natural Gas from Underground Storage - All Operators  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3,325,013 3,374,338 2,966,180 3,274,385 3,074,251 2,818,148 3,325,013 3,374,338 2,966,180 3,274,385 3,074,251 2,818,148 1944-2012 Lower 48 States 3,074,251 2,818,148 2011-2012 Alabama 19,868 26,756 23,298 16,740 15,408 23,651 1968-2012 Arkansas 5,417 5,585 4,868 4,368 4,409 2,960 1967-2012 California 218,155 214,643 185,198 203,653 242,477 170,586 1967-2012 Colorado 37,986 36,894 42,419 45,010 48,341 56,525 1967-2012 Connecticut 1973-1996 Delaware 1967-1975 Georgia 1974-1975 Illinois 251,122 259,827 247,957 245,135 257,504 250,955 1967-2012 Indiana 25,105 22,911 22,218 22,454 21,463 20,975 1967-2012 Iowa 72,779 67,748 74,151 78,444 73,538 77,291 1967-2012 Kansas 128,754 101,056 106,091 121,737 99,527 105,376 1967-2012 Kentucky 76,122 82,197 67,034 87,326 64,822 66,464 1967-2012

252

Injections of Natural Gas into Underground Storage - All Operators  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3,132,920 3,340,365 3,314,990 3,291,395 3,421,813 2,825,427 3,132,920 3,340,365 3,314,990 3,291,395 3,421,813 2,825,427 1935-2012 Alaska 1973-1975 Lower 48 States 3,421,813 2,825,427 2011-2012 Alabama 20,009 31,208 21,020 23,026 22,766 21,195 1968-2012 Arkansas 5,695 5,023 4,108 4,672 4,628 2,848 1967-2012 California 214,469 237,364 199,763 226,810 263,067 218,663 1967-2012 Colorado 38,619 39,034 45,861 43,250 51,469 59,096 1967-2012 Connecticut 1973-1996 Delaware 1967-1975 Georgia 1974-1975 Idaho 1974-1975 Illinois 243,789 260,333 259,421 247,458 258,690 249,953 1967-2012 Indiana 22,686 22,874 24,399 21,943 23,864 19,878 1967-2012 Iowa 70,329 70,022 79,012 76,407 77,783 66,774 1967-2012 Kansas 113,399 115,669 102,406 113,253 119,823 93,460 1967-2012 Kentucky 70,682 77,503 71,972 85,167 77,526 64,483 1967-2012

253

Injections of Natural Gas into Underground Storage - All Operators  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3,132,920 3,340,365 3,314,990 3,291,395 3,421,813 2,825,427 3,132,920 3,340,365 3,314,990 3,291,395 3,421,813 2,825,427 1935-2012 Alaska 1973-1975 Lower 48 States 3,421,813 2,825,427 2011-2012 Alabama 20,009 31,208 21,020 23,026 22,766 21,195 1968-2012 Arkansas 5,695 5,023 4,108 4,672 4,628 2,848 1967-2012 California 214,469 237,364 199,763 226,810 263,067 218,663 1967-2012 Colorado 38,619 39,034 45,861 43,250 51,469 59,096 1967-2012 Connecticut 1973-1996 Delaware 1967-1975 Georgia 1974-1975 Idaho 1974-1975 Illinois 243,789 260,333 259,421 247,458 258,690 249,953 1967-2012 Indiana 22,686 22,874 24,399 21,943 23,864 19,878 1967-2012 Iowa 70,329 70,022 79,012 76,407 77,783 66,774 1967-2012 Kansas 113,399 115,669 102,406 113,253 119,823 93,460 1967-2012 Kentucky 70,682 77,503 71,972 85,167 77,526 64,483 1967-2012

254

Withdrawals of Natural Gas from Underground Storage - All Operators  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3,325,013 3,374,338 2,966,180 3,274,385 3,074,251 2,818,148 3,325,013 3,374,338 2,966,180 3,274,385 3,074,251 2,818,148 1944-2012 Lower 48 States 3,074,251 2,818,148 2011-2012 Alabama 19,868 26,756 23,298 16,740 15,408 23,651 1968-2012 Arkansas 5,417 5,585 4,868 4,368 4,409 2,960 1967-2012 California 218,155 214,643 185,198 203,653 242,477 170,586 1967-2012 Colorado 37,986 36,894 42,419 45,010 48,341 56,525 1967-2012 Connecticut 1973-1996 Delaware 1967-1975 Georgia 1974-1975 Illinois 251,122 259,827 247,957 245,135 257,504 250,955 1967-2012 Indiana 25,105 22,911 22,218 22,454 21,463 20,975 1967-2012 Iowa 72,779 67,748 74,151 78,444 73,538 77,291 1967-2012 Kansas 128,754 101,056 106,091 121,737 99,527 105,376 1967-2012 Kentucky 76,122 82,197 67,034 87,326 64,822 66,464 1967-2012

255

Alaska Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Gross Withdrawals 3,479,290 3,415,884 3,312,386 3,197,100 3,162,922 3,164,791 1967-2012 From Gas Wells 165,624 150,483 137,639 127,417 112,268 107,873 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 3,313,666 3,265,401 3,174,747 3,069,683 3,050,654 3,056,918 1967-2012 From Coalbed Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2002-2012 Repressuring 3,039,347 3,007,418 2,908,828 2,812,701 2,795,732 2,801,763 1967-2012 Vented and Flared 6,458 10,023 6,481 10,173 10,966 11,769 1967-2012 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed 0 0 0 0 0 0 1996-2012 Marketed Production 433,485 398,442 397,077 374,226 356,225 351,259 1967-2012

256

" East North Central",9.3,"NA",10.1,10.7,11.6,11.85822  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"NA",10,10.1,10.9,11.43527 "Urban Status" " Urban ",9.4,"NA",10.3,10.7,11.4,11.68803 " Rural ",9.3,"NA",10.1,10.4,11.6,12.8337 "Household Size" " 1 Person ",8.7,"NA",9.2,9,10.1,9....

257

DE-RP52-08NA28091  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8NA28091 8NA28091 [Submit in Volume I, TAB 2] Attachment L-1 Page 1 of 4 CORPORATE, PARTNERSHIP, JOINT VENTURE CERTIFICATES If the offer is submitted by a corporation, partnership or a Joint Venture, the applicable form provided on the following pages must be completed and submitted in Volume I of the proposal. In the alternative, other evidence must be submitted to substantiate the authority of the person signing the offer. If a corporation, the same officer shall not execute both the offer and the certificate. DE-RP52-08NA28091 [Submit in Volume I, TAB 2] Attachment L-1 Page 2 of 4 CORPORATE CERTIFICATE I, _______________________________________________, certify that I am the Secretary of the

258

Plant response to Na/sup +/, K/sup +/ and K/sup +//Na/sup +/ ratios under saline conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This research was undertaken to more clearly determine plant response to saline-sodic waters. In the first experiment, the response of wheat and sorghum to different K/sup +//Na/sup +/ ratios at different osmotic potentials was investigated. The plants were grown in outdoor solution culture tanks containing polyethylene glycol and/or NaCl as osmoticum with 1/2 strength Hoagland as the base nutrient solution. The mass of the root system for both wheat and sorghum was determined primarily by the osmotic potential. However, root elongation was controlled primarily by the Na/sup +/ concentration. Sorghum root elongation rates decreased with increasing Na/sup +/ while those for wheat increased. Sodium was not translocated out of the sorghum root system until a critical Na/sup +/ root saturation level of .6 moles/kg was obtained. The second experiment was designed to investigate the water, nutrient and growth responses of the second crop of wheat in a wheat-sorghum-wheat rotation to zonal saline-sodic conditions.

Devitt, D.A.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

A Lepton Universality Test at CERN NA62 Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The NA62 experiment at CERN collected a large sample of K+ --> enu decays during a dedicated run in 2007, aiming at a precise test of lepton universality by measurement of the helicity suppressed ratio RK = BR(K+ --> enu)/BR(K+ --> munu). A preliminary result of the analysis of a partial data sample of 51089 K+ --> enu candidates is presented.

Evgueni Goudzovski

2010-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

260

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

District of Columbia" District of Columbia" "Number of Entities",1,"NA","NA","NA","NA",16,1,18 "Number of Retail Customers",238187,"NA","NA","NA","NA",15814,"NA",254001 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",3388,"NA","NA","NA","NA",8489,"NA",11877 "Percentage of Retail Sales",28.53,"NA","NA","NA","NA",71.47,"NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",487,"NA","NA","NA","NA",801,297,1586 "Percentage of Revenue",30.73,"NA","NA","NA","NA",50.52,18.75,100

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1967-2012 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Office of Civil Rights, NNSA, NA 1.2, Albuquerque Complex  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

2 Snap-shot, changes from Fiscal Year 2009 to Fiscal Year 2010, 4 Personnel by Percentage, 6 Comparisons to Other Workforces and the Civilian Labor Force, 7 Male and Female...

262

Advanced 0.3-NA EUV lithography capabilities at the ALS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

micro-exposure capabilities at the ALS using the 0.3-NA METEUV Microexposures at the ALS using the 0.3-NA MET Optic,EUV lithography capabilities at the ALS Patrick Naulleau 1 ,

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Physicochemical basis of the Na-K-Ca geothermometer  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Regular changes in solution composition were observed experimentally during granite reaction with dilute NaCl (+CaCl/sub 2/) solutions; these changes closely follow the empirical Na-K-Ca geothermometer relationship. Initial minerals forming the granite (quartz, plagioclase, K-feldspar, and biotite) were etched by the reactions. Alteration phases formed include calcium-zeolite at <300/sup 0/C, feldspar overgrowths at >300/sup 0/C, and minor amounts of clay and calcsilicate at all temperatures. Amphibole overgrowths were also found at 340/sup 0/C. Quartz is near saturation in all experiments, and preliminary calculations of aqueous species distributions and mineral affinities indicate that the solutions achieve super-saturation with feldspars as the temperature increase. A consistent variation attributable to pH differences was observed in the empirical geothermometer relationship for all experimental data. At 340/sup 0/C, the experimental solutions appear to have deviated slightly from the empirical Na-K-Ca relationship. Such deviations may also be found in natural systems that attain such temperatures.

Janecky, D.R.; Charles, R.W.; Bayhurst, G.K.; Benjamin, T.M.

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Measurements of NaI(Tl) electron response: comparison of different samples  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Office of Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation, Officeof Nonproliferation Research and Development (NA-22) of theof Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation, Office of Nuclear

Hull, Giulia

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Caustic Recycle from Hanford Tank Waste Using Large Area NaSICON Structures (LANS)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents the results of a 5-day test of an electrochemical bench-scale apparatus using a proprietary (NAS-GY) material formulation of a (Na) Super Ion Conductor (NaSICON) membrane in a Large Area NaSICON Structures (LANS) configuration. The primary objectives of this work were to assess system performance, membrane seal integrity, and material degradation while removing Na from Group 5 and 6 tank waste from the Hanford Site.

Fountain, Matthew S.; Sevigny, Gary J.; Balagopal, S.; Bhavaraju, S.

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

266

Estudo do desempenho de um compressor axial de vrios estgios com injeo de gua na sua entrada.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A simulao numrica de compressores axiais de fundamental importncia tanto na fase de projeto quanto na de desenvolvimento do compressor. A simulao numrica (more)

Luciano Porto Bontempo

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Na(+)-H+ exchanger kinetics in adrenal glomerulosa cells and its activation by angiotensin II  

SciTech Connect

We have studied the kinetic properties of basal and angiotensin II (ANG II) stimulated Na(+)-H+ exchange in adrenal glomerulosa cells by measuring changes in cytosolic pH (pHi) and initial rates of 22Na uptake in the presence or absence of dimethylamiloride (DMA). The cells were studied under basal conditions, at constant pHi with varied external sodium (Na+o), and at varied pHi with constant Na+o (50 mM). In 2,7-biscarboxyethyl-5(6)-carboxyfluorescein loaded cells under basal conditions, pHi rose from 7.09 +/- 0.02 to 7.19 +/- 0.02. Similarly, DMA-sensitive Na influx was enhanced from 9.2 +/- 1.3 to 14.8 +/- 2.1 nmol Na+/mg protein x min (P less than 0.01) by ANG II. In cells acid-loaded by preincubation in Na(+)-free media (pHi 6.8), addition of varying Na+o resulted in a rapid H+ efflux that was markedly inhibited by DMA. DMA-sensitive Na+ influx into these acidified cells with varied Na+o exhibited a Michaelis-Menten constant (Km) of 23 mM and a maximum velocity (Vmax) of 43 nmol Na+/mg protein x min. By varying pHi (from pHi 7.1 to 6.2), DMA-sensitive Na+ influx likewise showed activation with cellular acidification with a pK at pHi 7.09. At pHi 6.8, ANG II decreased the Km for Na+o from 23 to 17 mM and increased the Vmax from 43 to 53 nmol Na+/mg protein x min. The pHi dependence of DMA-sensitive Na+ influx was not affected by ANG II (pK at pHi 7.03). DMA also inhibited AII-stimulated aldosterone secretion and Na+ influx similarly. These results indicate that Na(+)-H+ exchange in adrenal glomerulosa cells is functioning under basal conditions, and is modulated by ANG II with enhanced Na+o affinity and Vmax but without a shift in pHi dependence (similar to ANG II effects on vascular smooth muscle cells). These effects suggest an important role for Na(+)-H+ exchange during ANG II stimulation of aldosterone production by glomerulosa cells.

Conlin, P.R.; Kim, S.Y.; Williams, G.H.; Canessa, M.L. (Brigham and Women' s Hospital, Boston, MA (USA))

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

NA Standards | Valence Geometries | Bond Angles-Furanose Rings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

angles in Furanose Rings angles in Furanose Rings ----------------------------------------------------- ribose deoxyribose ----------------------------------------------------- angle mean esd N mean esd N value value ----------------------------------------------------- C1'-C2'-C3' 101.5 (0.9, 80) 102.7 (1.4, 47) C2'-C3'-C4' 102.7 (1.0, 80) 103.2 (1.0, 47) C3'-C4'-O4' 105.5 (1.4, 80) 105.6 (1.0, 47) C4'-O4'-C1' 109.6 (0.9, 80) 109.7 (1.4, 47) O4'-C1'-C2' 106.4 (1.4, 80) 106.1 (1.0, 47) C1'-C2'-O2' 110.6 (3.0, 80) na C3'-C2'-O2' 113.3 (2.9, 80) na C2'-C3'-O3' 111.0 (2.8, 80) 110.6 (2.7, 47) C4'-C3'-O3' 110.6 (2.6, 80) 110.3 (2.2, 47) C5'-C4'-C3' 115.5 (1.5, 80) 114.7 (1.5, 47)

269

Formation of titanate nanostructures under different NaOH concentration and their application in wastewater treatment  

SciTech Connect

The effects of the concentration of NaOH on the formation and transformation of various titanate nanostructures were studied. With increasing NaOH concentration, three different formation mechanisms were proposed. Nanotubes can only be obtained under moderate NaOH conditions, and should transform into nanowires with prolonged hydrothermal treatment, and their formation rate is accelerated by increasing NaOH concentration. Low concentration of NaOH results in the direct formation of nanowires, while extra high concentration of NaOH leads to the formation of amorphous nanoparticles. Adsorption and photocatalysis studies show that titanate nanowires and nanotubes might be potential adsorbents for the removal of both heavy metal ions and dyes and photocatalysts for the removal of dyes from wastewater. -- Graphical abstract: The morphologies of the titanates depend deeply on the concentration of NaOH. With increasing NaOH concentration, three different formation mechanisms were proposed. The application of these titanate nanostructures in the wastewater treatment was studied. Display Omitted Research highlights: {yields} Effect of NaOH concentration on the structures of various titanates was reported. {yields} Three different formation mechanisms were presented with increasing NaOH concentration. {yields} Various titanates were used as adsorbents/photocatalysts in wastewater treatment.

Huang Jiquan [Key Lab of Optoelectronic Materials Chemistry and Physics, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou 350002 (China); Graduate school of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049 (China); Cao Yongge, E-mail: caoyongge@fjirsm.ac.c [Key Lab of Optoelectronic Materials Chemistry and Physics, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou 350002 (China); Deng Zhonghua; Tong Hao [Key Lab of Optoelectronic Materials Chemistry and Physics, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou 350002 (China)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

270

Cu2Sb thin films as anode for Na-ion batteries  

SciTech Connect

Cu2Sb thin films prepared by magnetron sputtering are evaluated as an anode material for Na-ion batteries. The starting material is composed of nanocrystallites with the desired tetragonal P4/nmm structure. The study of the reaction mechanism reveals the formation of an amorphous/nanocrystalline phase of composition close to Na3Sb as the final reaction product. The solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) material is mostly composed of carbonates (Na2CO3, NaCO3R). The Cu2Sb anode possesses moderate capacity retention with a reversible storage capacity (250 mAh/g) close to the theoretical value (323 mAh/g), an average reaction potential of around 0.55 V vs. Na/Na+, and a high rate performance (10 C-rate).

Baggetto, Loic [ORNL; Allcorn, Eric [University of Texas, Austin; Manthiram, Arumugam [University of Texas, Austin; Veith, Gabriel M [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Nebraska Natural Gas Summary  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4.86 6.22 2.97 3.98 1967-2010 4.86 6.22 2.97 3.98 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use 1967-2005 Citygate 7.67 8.12 5.87 5.62 5.11 4.31 1984-2012 Residential 11.15 11.11 9.34 8.95 8.84 8.68 1967-2012 Commercial 9.16 9.62 7.44 7.08 6.69 6.19 1967-2012 Industrial 7.97 9.12 6.02 5.85 5.61 4.34 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel 15.10 15.29 1994-2012 Electric Power 8.97 W W W 5.74 3.93 1997-2012 Production (Million Cubic Feet) Number of Producing Gas Wells 186 322 285 276 322 270 1989-2012 Gross Withdrawals 1,560 3,083 2,916 2,255 1,980 1,328 1967-2012 From Gas Wells 1,331 2,862 2,734 2,092 1,854 1,317 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 228 221 182 163 126 11 1967-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2012 From Coalbed Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2006-2012

272

NA-ASC-100R-04-Vol.1-Rev.0  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

100R-04-Vol.1-Rev.0 100R-04-Vol.1-Rev.0 August 2004 SAND 2004-3740P Issued by Sandia National Laboratories for NNSA's Office of Advanced Simulation & Computing, NA-114. For more information, contact Dr. Dimitri Kusnezov at dimitri.kusnezov@nnsa.doe.gov ON THE COVER: These experimental images show the evolution of three gaseous cylinders (seeded with a tracer gas) that have been accelerated by a planar shock wave. The flow fields are dominated by vortices created by the shock acceleration, so the swirling red flows are the SF6 gas being entrained by the vortices. The yellow is air. Each photo consists of two snapshots of the flow at two times (with time interval about 200 microseconds). These images are produced by a laser-induced fluorescence technique. In each image the structures are traveling from left to right at speeds of 100 m/s.

273

2012 Annual Workforce Analysis and Staffing Plan Report - NNSA NA-40  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 2 Reporting Office: NNSA NA-40 Section One - Current Mission (s) of the Organization and Potential Changes. 1. The Office of Emergency Operations (NA-40) administers and directs DOE and NNSA programs for emergency response capabilities to ensure availability and viability to respond to emergencies at DOE and NNSA facilities and field sites, and to nuclear and radiological emergencies within the United States and abroad. NA-40 is also responsible for the development of Departmental policy and guidance, technical assistance, and supporting implementation of emergency management planning, preparedness, readiness assurance, and response activities within DOE and NNSA. 2. NA-40 has no nuclear or radiological facilities under its cognizance; however,

274

Arquitetura ODP-CIM aplicada na previso distribuda da carga do sistema eltrico de potncia.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??O presente trabalho apresenta a utilizao do modelo CIM ? Common Information Model com uma abordagem ODP ? Open and Distributed Processing na definio de (more)

Mrio Roberto Bastos

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

2011 Annual Planning Summary for NNSA, Infrastructure and Environment (NA-50)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The ongoing and projected Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Statements for 2011 and 2012 within NNSA, Infrastructure and Environment (NA-50).

276

http://hq.na.gov/default.aspx?L=ITEM&ITEM=17500&CA=30&OT=101...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advanced Simulation & Computing (ASC) Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation (NA-20) Nuclear Cities Initiative (NCI) DOE Sites DOE Callup Directory Energy.Gov Simulation in...

277

O papel da advocacia de estado na gesto pblica: anlise da poltica pblica energtica no Brasil.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??O presente trabalho contm algumas reflexes sobre o papel da advocacia de Estado, na qual est inserida a Advocacia-Geral da Unio e seus membros de (more)

Vaz, Tania Patricia de Lara

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

High Energy Density Na-S/NiCl2 Hybrid Battery  

SciTech Connect

High temperature (250-350C) sodium-beta alumina batteries (NBBs) are attractive energy storage devices for renewable energy integration and other grid related applications. Currently, two technologies are commercially available in NBBs, e.g., sodium-sulfur (Na-S) battery and sodium-metal halide (ZEBRA) batteries. In this study, we investigated the combination of these two chemistries with a mixed cathode. In particular, the cathode of the cell consisted of molten NaAlCl4 as a catholyte and a mixture of Ni, NaCl and Na2S as active materials. During cycling, two reversible plateaus were observed in cell voltage profiles, which matched electrochemical reactions for Na-S and Na-NiCl2 redox couples. An irreversible reaction between sulfur species and Ni was identified during initial charge at 280C, which caused a decrease in cell capacity. The final products on discharge included Na2Sn with 1< n < 3, which differed from Na2S3 found in traditional Na-S battery. Reduction of sulfur in the mixed cathode led to an increase in overall energy density over ZEBRA batteries. Despite of the initial drop in cell capacity, the mixed cathode demonstrated relatively stable cycling with more than 95% of capacity retained over 60 cycles under 10mA/cm2. Optimization of the cathode may lead to further improvements in battery performance.

Lu, Xiaochuan; Lemmon, John P.; Kim, Jin Yong; Sprenkle, Vincent L.; Yang, Zhenguo (Gary) [Gary

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

279

Electrodeposition of PbTe Thermoelectric Materials in NaOH Solutions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dissolution Kinetics of Steelmaking Slag and Its Promotion for the Growth of Algae Electrodeposition of PbTe Thermoelectric Materials in NaOH Solutions.

280

Validao externa da metodologia de anlise focada na deciso : o caso da "SEAB Paran".  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Esta pesquisa tem como objetivo validar externamente a Metodologia da Anlise Focada na Deciso (AFD) desenvolvida por Santos, Becker e Fisher (1998) a partir do (more)

Luiz Roberto de Souza

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1967-2012 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Migrao silenciosa. Marcas do pensamento esttico do Extremo Oriente na poesia portuguesa contempornea.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Na viragem do sc. XIX para o sc. XX, sobretudo atravs de Wenceslau de Moraes e de Camilo Pessanha, a literatura e a poesia portuguesas (more)

Almeida, Ana Catarina Dias Nunes de

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Impacto do TPS (Toyota Production System) na performance de empresas do sector automvel.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??O presente trabalho pretende demonstrar que o Sistema de Produo Toyota na sua essncia um Sistema de Gesto do Conhecimento. Sendo composto pela reviso (more)

Gonalves, Srgio Manuel Gago

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

NaNO3-KNO3 Ternary Molten Salts for Parabolic Trough  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Thermodynamic Properties of Novel Low Melting Point LiNO3- NaNO3-KNO3 Ternary Molten Salts for Parabolic Trough Solar Power...

284

Optimization of Na 0.44 MnO 2 Cathode Material - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Energy Storage: Materials, Systems, and Applications. Presentation Title, Optimization of Na0.44MnO2 Cathode Material for Use in Aqueous...

285

Study of intradrystalline diffusion in zeolites communication 3. Kinetics of adsorption of trans-2-butene by NaA and NaMgA zeolites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article studies the kinetics of adsorption of trans-2-butene by NaA zeolite with a varying crystal size, microcrystalline granulated NaA zeolite using granules of different sizes, and microcrystalline powdered Na/sub 8/Mg/sub 2/A zeolite. It is shown that the rate of adsorption is determined by the intracrystalline diffusion and that the effect of transfer in the transport pores and the final rate of dissipation of the heat of adsorption can be neglected. In adsorption of trans-2-butene by Na/sub 8/Mg/sub 2/A zeolite with a stepwise change in the pressure of the adsorbate, the kinetic curves are satisfactorily described by an internal diffusion equation for the kinetics of isothermal adsorption. The kinetics of adsorption were studied at 303 degrees K from the one-component vapor phase on a vacuum adsorption setup using quartz spring balance.

Broddak, R.; Dubinin, M.M.; Falko, L.A.; Gorlov, V.A.; Kuhlmann, B.; Scholner, E.; Voloshchuk, A.M.

1985-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

286

Office of Civil Rights, NNSA, NA 1.2, Albuquerque Complex  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

<30 30-39 40-49 50-59 60-69 70+ 7.4% 10.6% 26.4% 35.6% 19.0% 0.9% Age Groups as a Percentage of the NNSA Workforce 9.3% 45.8% 31.0% 13.9% Education J.D.Ph.DSc.D Degrees...

287

Modeling of Hydrogen Storage Materials: A Reactive Force Field for NaH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is the fall in potential energy surface during heating. Keywords: hydrogen storage, reactive force fieldModeling of Hydrogen Storage Materials: A Reactive Force Field for NaH Ojwang' J.G.O.*, Rutger van governing hydrogen desorption in NaH. During the abstraction process of surface molecular hydrogen charge

Goddard III, William A.

288

A New Improved Na-K Geothermometer By Artificial Neural Networks | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Improved Na-K Geothermometer By Artificial Neural Networks Improved Na-K Geothermometer By Artificial Neural Networks Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A New Improved Na-K Geothermometer By Artificial Neural Networks Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: A new Na/K geothermometer equation has been developed. The temperature function is:Concentrations are in mg/kg. The new improved geothermometer equation was developed by artificial neural networks. The normalized mean square error (NMSE) used in the new improved Na/K equation for temperatures ranging from 94 to 345°C is 0.179, which is lower than the corresponding NMSE 0.226, 0.598, 0.656, 0.268, 0.328 and 0.225 for the equations of Arnorsson et al. (1983; Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 47, 567-577), Truesdell (1975; Proc. 2nd UN Symposium), Tonani (1980; Proc. Adv. Eur.

289

Application Of An Artificial Neural Network Model To A Na-K Geothermometer  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Application Of An Artificial Neural Network Model To A Na-K Geothermometer Application Of An Artificial Neural Network Model To A Na-K Geothermometer Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Application Of An Artificial Neural Network Model To A Na-K Geothermometer Details Activities (3) Areas (2) Regions (0) Abstract: A new geothermometer model is proposed by applying data obtained from a known Na-K geothermometer to an artificial neural network. In this model, Na and K values were implemented as input signals and geothermometers as the output signal. Multi-layer perceptrons and back propagation were used as training algorithms for the artificial neural network. Reservoir temperatures of some geothermal fields in Turkey determined by this method are in accord with those determined from other methods.

290

" East North Central",21.3,"NA",26,27.6,29,32.4  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Number of Vehicles, Selected Survey Years (Millions)" Number of Vehicles, Selected Survey Years (Millions)" ,"Survey Years" ,1983,1985,1988,1991,1994,2001 "Total",129.3,137.3,147.5,151.2,156.8,191 "Household Characteristics" "Census Region and Division" " Northeast",23.9,"NA",26.6,27,26.6,31.7 " New England",6.6,"NA",6.6,6.5,7.6,10 " Middle Atlantic ",17.3,"NA",20.1,20.5,19,21.7 " Midwest ",32.5,"NA",37.8,38.4,41.1,47.1 " East North Central",21.3,"NA",26,27.6,29,32.4 " West North Central ",11.3,"NA",11.8,10.8,12.1,14.7 " South",45.1,"NA",50.6,52.7,56,70.2 " South Atlantic",22.2,"NA",25.9,26.6,28.4,38.8

291

" East North Central",751,"NA",539,650,639,792.21608  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Fuel Expenditures per Vehicle, Selected Survey Years (Nominal Dollars) " Fuel Expenditures per Vehicle, Selected Survey Years (Nominal Dollars) " ,"Survey Years" ,1983,1985,1988,1991,1994,2001 "Total",736,722,550,650,668,787 "Household Characteristics" "Census Region and Division" " Northeast",731,"NA",532,660,647,766.42074 " New England",706,"NA",526,687,637,810.19092 " Middle Atlantic ",740,"NA",534,651,651,746.41162 " Midwest ",738,"NA",539,651,644,792.60265 " East North Central",751,"NA",539,650,639,792.21608 " West North Central ",714,"NA",538,654,656,793.45498 " South",758,"NA",575,663,673,775.63816 " South Atlantic",772,"NA",559,639,676,755.54606

292

" East North Central",627,"NA",550,553,574,585.28553  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Fuel Consumption per Vehicle, Selected Survey Years (Gallons) " Fuel Consumption per Vehicle, Selected Survey Years (Gallons) " ,"Survey Years" ,1983,1985,1988,1991,1994,2001 "Total",621,611,559,548,578,592 "Household Characteristics" "Census Region and Division" " Northeast",609,"NA",525,523,545,571.15003 " New England",582,"NA",517,541,542,585.83989 " Middle Atlantic ",619,"NA",528,517,545,564.4347 " Midwest ",620,"NA",550,554,580,588.14092 " East North Central",627,"NA",550,553,574,585.28553 " West North Central ",607,"NA",550,557,592,594.43665 " South",644,"NA",585,566,598,615.25944 " South Atlantic",647,"NA",563,542,601,602.53752

293

Investigation of the Effects of Biodiesel-based Na on Emissions Control Components  

SciTech Connect

A single-cylinder diesel engine was used to investigate the impact of biodiesel-based Na on emissions control components using specially blended 20% biodiesel fuel (B20). The emissions control components investigated were a diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC), a Cu-zeolite-based NH{sub 3}-SCR (selective catalytic reduction) catalyst, and a diesel particulate filter (DPF). Both light-duty vehicle, DOC-SCR-DPF, and heavy-duty vehicle, DOC-DPF-SCR, emissions control configurations were employed. The accelerated Na aging is achieved by introducing elevated Na levels in the fuel, to represent full useful life exposure, and periodically increasing the exhaust temperature to replicate DPF regeneration. To assess the validity of the implemented accelerated Na aging protocol, engine-aged lean NO{sub x} traps (LNTs), DOCs and DPFs are also evaluated. To fully characterize the impact on the catalytic activity the LNT, DOC and SCR catalysts were evaluated using a bench flow reactor. The evaluation of the aged DOC samples and LNT show little to no deactivation as a result of Na contamination. However, the SCR in the light-duty configuration (DOC-SCR-DPF) was severely affected by Na contamination, especially when NO was the only fed NO{sub x} source. In the heavy-duty configuration (DOC-DPF-SCR), no impact is observed in the SCR NO{sub x} reduction activity. Electron probe micro-analysis (EPMA) reveals that Na contamination on the LNT, DOC, and SCR samples is present throughout the length of the catalysts with a higher concentration on the washcoat surface. In both the long-term engine-aged DPF and the accelerated Na-aged DPFs, there is significant Na ash present in the upstream channels; however, in the engine-aged sample lube oil-based ash is the predominant constituent.

Brookshear, D. William [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Nguyen, Ke [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Toops, Todd J [ORNL; Bunting, Bruce G [ORNL; Howe, Janet E [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Formation, stability and mobility of self-trapped excitations in NaI and NaI1-xTIx from first principles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present ab initio calculations studying the formation, mobility, and stability of self trapped excitons (STE) and self trapped holes (STH) and electrons in NaI and NaI(Tl). While previously proposed models assumed a highly mobile STE and a slower STH, we find that both carriers in pure NaI have similar mobilities, with an activation energy of about 0.2 eV. We propose an alternate interpretation of experimental record including a new migration mechanism for the STE. In the Tl-doped material excitons preferentially trap at dopants, inducing off center distortions that have a structure unlike an STE providing a mechanism for light emission at multiple wavelengths. The calculated results are generally in excellent agreement with available data.

Prange, Micah P.; Van Ginhoven, Renee M.; Govind, Niranjan; Gao, Fei

2013-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

295

Site-specific force-distance characteristics on NaCl(001): Measurements versus atomistic simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A scanning force microscope was used to measure the frequency shift above various atomic sites on a NaCl(001) surface at 7 K. The data was converted to force and compared to the results of atomistic simulations using model NaCl and MgO tips. We find that the NaCl tip demonstrates better agreement in the magnitude of the forces in experiments, supporting the observation that the tip first came into contact with the sample. Using the MgO tip as a model of the originally oxidized silicon tip, we further demonstrate a possible mechanism for tip contamination at low temperatures.

Lantz, M. A.; Hoffmann, R.; Hidber, H. R. [Institute of Physics, University of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 82, CH-4056 Basel (Switzerland); Foster, A. S. [Laboratory of Physics, Helsinki University of Technology, P.O. Box 1100, 02015 HUT (Finland); Baratoff, A.; Hug, H. J.; Guentherodt, H.-J. [Institute of Physics, University of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 82, CH-4056 Basel (Switzerland); National Center of Competence in Research (NCCR) on Nanoscale Science, University of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 82, CH-4056 Basel (Switzerland)

2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

296

Coupled left-shift of Nav channels: modeling the Na+-loading and dysfunctional excitability of damaged axons  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Injury to neural tissue renders voltage-gated Na+ (Nav) channels leaky. Even mild axonal trauma initiates Na+ -loading, leading to secondary Ca2+-loading and white matter degeneration. The nodal isoform is Nav1.6 ... Keywords: Arrhythmia, Diffuse axonal injury, Extracellular space, Hodgkin-Huxley, Myelinated, Na/K-ATPase, Neuropathic pain

Pierre-Alexandre Boucher; Bla Jos; Catherine E. Morris

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Program on Technology Innovation: Advanced Sodium Sulfur (NaS) Battery Energy Storage System - 2006 Annual Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although sodium sulfur (NaS) batteries have begun to be commercialized in Japan, market development of NaS batteries in the United States has lacked a full-scale commercial demonstration. This report describes one of the first U.S. commercial NaS application efforts and details its technical aspects.

2007-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

298

High capacity, reversible alloying reactions in SnSb/C nanocomposites for Na-ion battery applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new SnSb/C nanocomposite based on Na alloying reactions is demonstrated as anode for Na-ion battery applications. The electrode can achieve an exceptionally high capacity (544 mA h g{sup -1}, almost double that of intercalation carbon materials), good rate capacity and cyclability (80% capacity retention over 50 cycles) for Na-ion storage.

Xiao, Lifen; Cao, Yuliang; Xiao, Jie; Wang, Wei; Kovarik, Libor; Nie, Zimin; Liu, Jun

2012-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

299

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",11724,1952,"NA","NA",39,16677,"NA",30392 "Percentage of Retail Sales",38.58,6.42,"NA","NA",0.13,54.87,"NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales...

300

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",30754,762,"NA",4566,"NA",29253,"NA",65335 "Percentage of Retail Sales",47.07,1.17,"NA",6.99,"NA",44.77,"NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1967-2012 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",101256,16457,6,18696,"NA","NA","NA",136415 "Percentage of Retail Sales",74.23,12.06,"*",13.71,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales...

302

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",5730,1503,317,3807,"NA","NA","NA",11356 "Percentage of Retail Sales",50.46,13.23,2.79,33.53,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail...

303

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",175247,36079,"NA",19883,1,"NA","NA",231210 "Percentage of Retail Sales",75.8,15.6,"NA",8.6,"*","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales...

304

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",4451,1869,"NA",1262,"NA",4023,"NA",11606 "Percentage of Retail Sales",38.35,16.11,"NA",10.88,"NA",34.67,"NA",100 "Revenue from Retail...

305

NNSA selects Lindsey VanNess as NA-00 Inaugural Employee of the Year |  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

selects Lindsey VanNess as NA-00 Inaugural Employee of the Year | selects Lindsey VanNess as NA-00 Inaugural Employee of the Year | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > NNSA selects Lindsey VanNess as NA-00 Inaugural ... NNSA selects Lindsey VanNess as NA-00 Inaugural Employee of the Year Posted By Office of Public Affairs

306

Dynamics and Thermodynamics of a Novel Phase of NaAlH[subscript 4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We characterize a novel orthorhombic phase (?) of NaAlH[subscript 4], discovered using first-principles molecular dynamics, and discuss its relevance to the dehydrogenation mechanism. This phase is close in energy to the ...

Wood, Brandon C.

307

An Empirical Na-K-Ca Geothermometer For Natural Waters | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Empirical Na-K-Ca Geothermometer For Natural Waters Empirical Na-K-Ca Geothermometer For Natural Waters Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: An Empirical Na-K-Ca Geothermometer For Natural Waters Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: An empirical method of estimating the last temperature of water-rock interaction has been devised. It is based upon molar Na, K and Ca concentrations in natural waters from temperature environments ranging from 4 to 340°C. The data for most geothermal waters cluster near a straight line when plotted as the function vs reciprocal of absolute temperature, where Β is either or depending upon whether the water equilibrated above or below 100°C. For most waters tested, the method gives better results than the methods suggested by other workers. The ratio

308

2012 Annual Workforce Analysis and Staffing Plan Report - NNSA for Safety and Health - NA-26  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 Annual Workforce Analysis and Staffing Plan Report Draft as of December 31, 2012 Reporting Office: _NA-26 Office of Fissile Material Disposition at SRS____ Section 1: Current Mission(s) of the Organization and Potential Changes 1. The Office of Fissile Material Disposition (NA-26) is part of the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA). NA-26 supports NNSA Strategic Plan Goal #2, "Provide technical leadership to limit or prevent the spread of materials, technology, and expertise relating to weapons of mass destruction; advance the technologies to detect the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction worldwide, and eliminate or secure inventories of surplus materials and infrastructure usable for nuclear weapons." The NA-26 organization focuses on the safe and secure disposition of

309

Complexation of Am(III) by oxalate in NaClO{sub 4} media  

SciTech Connect

The complexation of Am(III) by oxalate has been investigated in solutions of NaClO{sub 4} up to 9.0 M ionic strength at 25{degrees}C. The dissociation constants of oxalic acid were determined by potentiometric titration, while the stability constants of the Am(III)-oxalate complexation were measured by the solvent extraction technique. A thermodynamic model was constructed to predict the apparent equilibrium constants at different ionic strengths by applying the Pitzer equation using parameters for the Na{sup +}-HOx{sup -}, Na{sup +}-Ox{sup -}, AmOx{sup +}-ClO{sub 4}{sup -}, and Na{sup +}-Am(Ox){sub 2}{sup -} interactions obtained by fitting the data.

Choppin, G.R.; Chen, J.F. [Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL (United States)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

The Accuracy of Voluntary Observing Ships' Meteorological Observations-Results of the VSOP-NA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For the Voluntary Observing Ships Special Observing Project for the North Atlantic (VSOP-NA), the layout, meteorological instrumentation, and observing practices of 45 voluntary observing ships (VOS) operating in the North Atlantic were ...

Elizabeth C. Kent; Peter K. Taylor; Bruce S. Truscott; John S. Hopkins

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Configurational Entropy and Structure of the Molten NaCl-KCl-ZnCl2 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this context, we examine NaCl-KCl-ZnCl2 molten salts and pay particular attention to characterizing the thermodynamics and structure of these liquids in order...

312

Improved MCFC performance with Li/Na/Ba/Ca carbonate electrolyte.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Earlier electrolyte segregation tests of Li/Na carbonate used chemical analysis such as inductively coupled plasma/atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP/AES) of matrix strips wetted with carbonate and exposed to 5- to 20-V potential gradients. A segregation factor was correlated to the Li/Na carbonate composition. While fairly substantial segregation occurs at the eutectic composition of 52% Li, it is minimal at 60% to 75% Li. Such lithium-rich Li/Na carbonates may not be practical because the melting points are too high (i.e., liquidus point is 625 C). By adding calcium and barium to the lithium/sodium carbonates, we were able to lower the melting point and maintain nonsegregating behavior. This work is directed at examining the long-term stability of the quaternary Li/Na/Ba/Ca electrolytes. Electrolyte optimization work evaluates Li/Na ratio and Ba/Ca level to improve cell performance at 320 mA/cm{sup 2} and reduce temperature sensitivity. A number of cells with quaternary Li/Na/Ba/Ca electrolytes ranging from 3 to 5% Ba/Ca have operated well with stable, long-term performance. Congruent melting carbonate is important for commercial development. The best so far is 3.5% Ba/Ca/Na/Li (3.5 mol%/3.5 mol% Ba/Ca) carbonate (m.p. 440 C). Performance at 160 mA/cm{sup 2} is increased up to 150mV as compared with the baseline cell containing the Li/Na eutectic composition. Life stability has been reproduced by a number of bench-scale MCFC test with operations of 2000-4300 h and the electrolyte composition across the matrix little changed.

Centeno, C.-J.; Kaun, T. D.; Krumpelt, M.; Schoeler, A.

1999-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

313

Traduzir o outro oriental:a configurao da figura feminina na literatura portuguesa finissecular:(Antnio Feij e Wenceslau de Moraes).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??O presente estudo incide sobre a configurao literria da mulher extremo-oriental na obra de dois autores portugueses finisseculares, nomeadamente na recolha de poesias traduzidas que (more)

Pinto, Marta Pacheco, 1984-

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

O and Na abundance patterns in open clusters of the Galactic disk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aims. A global O-Na abundance anti-correlation is observed in globular clusters, which is not present in the Galactic field population. Open clusters are thought to be chemically homogeneous internally. We aim to explore the O and Na abundance pattern among the open cluster population of the Galactic disk. Methods. We combine open cluster abundance ratios of O and Na from high-resolution spectroscopic studies in the literature and normalize them to a common solar scale. We compare the open cluster abundances against the globular clusters and disk field. Results. We find that the different environments show different abundance patterns. The open clusters do not show the O-Na anti-correlation at the extreme O-depletion / Na-enhancement as observed in globular clusters. Furthermore, the high Na abundances in open clusters do not match the disk field stars. If real, it may be suggesting that the dissolution of present-day open clusters is not a significant contribution to building the Galactic disk. Large-scale h...

De Silva, G M; Lattanzio, J; Asplund, M; 10.1051/0004-6361/200912279

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Na and Li ion diffusion in modified ASTM C 1260 test by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)  

SciTech Connect

In the current study, MRI was applied to investigate lithium and sodium ion diffusion in cement paste and mortars containing inert sand and borosilicate glass. Paste and mortars were treated by complying with ASTM C 1260. Lithium and sodium distribution profiles were collected at different ages after different treatments. Results revealed that sodium ions had a greater diffusion rate than lithium ions, suggesting that Na reaches the aggregate particle surface before Li. Results also showed that Na and Li ions had a competitive diffusion process in mortars; soaking in a solution with higher [Li] favored Li diffusion but hindered Na diffusion. In mortars containing glass, a substantial amount of Li was consumed by the formation of ASR products. When [Li] in soaking solution was reduced to 0.37 N, a distinctive Na distribution profile was observed, indicating the free-state Na ions were continuously transformed to solid reaction products by ASR. Hence, in the modified ASTM C 1260 test, [Li] in the storage solution should be controlled at 0.74 N, in order to completely prevent the consumption of Na ions and thus stop ASR.

Feng, X. [Department of Civil Engineering, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, NB (Canada)], E-mail: XFeng@ctlgroup.com; Balcom, B.J. [MRI Center, Department of Physics, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, NB (Canada); Thomas, M.D.A.; Bremner, T.W. [Department of Civil Engineering, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, NB (Canada)

2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

316

Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1994 January ................. 4.11 23.91 21.31 25.95 19.61 3.91 1.19 February ............... 2.31 22.26 18.45 28.61 22.18 4.36 1.83 March .................... 2.84 19.63 19.11 31.67 23.06 2.25 1.44 April ...................... 3.83 20.65 20.98 31.93 19.27 1.51 1.82 May ....................... 3.29 18.38 17.25 30.44 27.38 2.24 1.03 June ...................... 3.74 19.70 17.26 31.58 25.64 0.80 1.28 July ....................... 4.61 16.73 20.40 29.89 22.48 2.99 2.91 August .................. 3.66 17.89 16.13 31.55 26.68 2.21 1.89 September ............ 3.75 18.25 16.21 33.46 22.93 3.03 2.36 October ................. 4.31 16.62 19.92 31.89 21.57 3.21 2.48 November ............. 4.03 18.13 17.87 30.78 23.73 3.74 1.72 December ............. 5.04 17.60 17.59 30.05 23.92 3.50 2.31 1994 .........................

317

Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1996 January ................. 4.15 22.60 17.85 28.54 23.19 2.19 1.48 February ............... 4.52 22.26 14.69 28.79 24.96 3.51 1.27 March .................... 3.79 19.54 19.77 31.45 22.75 1.17 1.54 April ...................... 4.56 20.86 13.84 31.67 26.91 0.96 1.20 May ....................... 4.51 18.61 15.86 32.04 24.32 3.00 1.66 June ...................... 4.29 20.45 15.33 34.01 22.65 2.29 0.98 July ....................... 6.17 18.84 13.25 33.93 24.75 2.16 0.90 August .................. 5.23 19.66 12.44 35.69 22.73 2.57 1.69 September ............ 3.99 21.90 13.26 36.65 21.75 0.65 1.80 October ................. 3.92 22.24 15.65 30.63 23.84 1.09 2.62 November ............. 5.03 22.49 13.65 31.88 23.91 2.24 0.80 December ............. 4.63 21.77 11.45 38.24 20.65 1.68 1.59 1996 .........................

318

Effect of ?-Phase Percentage on the Sintered Strength of Si3N4 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2009. Symposium, International Symposium on Innovative Processing and Synthesis of Ceramics,...

319

What Percentage of Western North Pacific Tropical Cyclones Form within the Monsoon Trough?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is frequently stated that 70%80% of western North Pacific tropical cyclones form within the monsoon trough, but without an objective definition of the term. Several definitions are tested here. When the monsoon trough (MT) is defined as the ...

John Molinari; David Vollaro

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1993 January ................. 4.52 18.16 22.93 28.47 23.99 1.48 0.45 February ............... 4.19 18.11 19.48 35.50 17.92 3.57 1.22 March .................... 4.98 18.66 20.35 28.62 23.43 2.50 1.46 April ...................... 3.87 19.19 18.99 34.21 20.14 2.46 1.14 May ....................... 4.08 17.79 20.20 30.71 22.34 3.43 1.45 June ...................... 5.15 18.63 18.93 32.48 22.10 1.55 1.17 July ....................... 4.29 20.18 22.37 29.86 20.49 1.55 1.26 August .................. 5.99 21.29 18.91 27.30 23.42 1.69 1.40 September ............ 4.67 19.54 18.63 31.51 21.74 1.89 2.02 October ................. 4.78 18.66 16.53 36.43 17.94 3.57 2.10 November ............. 4.39 18.81 19.45 34.22 18.98 3.15 1.00 December ............. 3.46 16.62 14.68 39.78 19.54 4.06 1.87 1993 .........................

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1967-2012 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

1996 January ... 4.15 22.60 17.85 28.54 23.19 2.19 1.48 February ... 4.52 22.26 14.69 28.79 24.96 3.51 1.27 March ... 3.79 19.54 19.77...

322

Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1993 January ... 4.52 18.16 22.93 28.47 23.99 1.48 0.45 February ... 4.19 18.11 19.48 35.50 17.92 3.57 1.22 March ... 4.98 18.66 20.35...

323

Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1997 January ... 4.81 21.56 12.96 34.96 21.61 2.76 1.34 February ... 4.66 22.18 15.45 29.96 24.56 2.33 0.86 March ... 5.24 21.60 12.11...

324

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Low-Percentage Hydrogen/CNG Blend, Ford F-150 -- Operating Summary  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Over the past two years, Arizona Public Service, a subsidiary of Pinnacle West Capital Corporation, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Energys Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity, tested four gaseous fuel vehicles as part of its alternative fueled vehicle fleet. One vehicle operated initially using compressed natural gas (CNG) and later a blend of CNG and hydrogen. Of the other three vehicles, one was fueled with pure hydrogen and two were fueled with a blend of CNG and hydrogen. The three blended-fuel vehicles were originally equipped with either factory CNG engines or factory gasoline engines that were converted to run CNG fuel. The vehicles were variously modified to operate on blended fuel and were tested using 15 to 50% blends of hydrogen (by volume). The pure-hydrogen-fueled vehicle was converted from gasoline fuel to operate on 100% hydrogen. All vehicles were fueled from the Arizona Public Services Alternative Fuel Pilot Plant, which was developed to dispense gaseous fuels, including CNG, blends of CNG and hydrogen, and pure hydrogen with up to 99.9999% purity The primary objective of the test was to evaluate the safety and reliability of operating vehicles on hydrogen and blended hydrogen fuel, and the interface between the vehicles and the hydrogen fueling infrastructure. A secondary objective was to quantify vehicle emissions, cost, and performance. Over a total of 40,000 fleet test miles, no safety issues were found. Also, significant reductions in emissions were achieved by adding hydrogen to the fuel. This report presents results of 16,942 miles of testing for one of the blended fuel vehicles, a Ford F-150 pickup truck, operating on up to 30% hydrogen/70% CNG fuel.

Karner, D.; Francfort, James Edward

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: High-Percentage Hydrogen/CNG Blend, Ford F-150 -- Operating Summary  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Over the past two years, Arizona Public Service, a subsidiary of Pinnacle West Capital Corporation, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Energys Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity, tested four gaseous fuel vehicles as part of its alternative fueled vehicle fleet. One vehicle operated initially using compressed natural gas (CNG) and later a blend of CNG and hydrogen. Of the other three vehicles, one was fueled with pure hydrogen and two were fueled with a blend of CNG and hydrogen. The three blended-fuel vehicles were originally equipped with either factory CNG engines or factory gasoline engines that were converted to run CNG fuel. The vehicles were variously modified to operate on blended fuel and were tested using 15 to 50% blends of hydrogen (by volume). The pure-hydrogen-fueled vehicle was converted from gasoline fuel to operate on 100% hydrogen. All vehicles were fueled from the Arizona Public Services Alternative Fuel Pilot Plant, which was developed to dispense gaseous fuels, including CNG, blends of CNG and hydrogen, and pure hydrogen with up to 99.9999% purity. The primary objective of the test was to evaluate the safety and reliability of operating vehicles on hydrogen and blended hydrogen fuel, and the interface between the vehicles and the hydrogen fueling infrastructure. A secondary objective was to quantify vehicle emissions, cost, and performance. Over a total of 40,000 fleet test miles, no safety issues were found. Also, significant reductions in emissions were achieved by adding hydrogen to the fuel. This report presents the results of 4,695 miles of testing for one of the blended fuel vehicles, a Ford F-150 pickup truck, operating on up to 50% hydrogen50% CNG fuel.

Don Karner; Francfort, James Edward

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Catalytic Effect of Ti for Hydrogen Cycling in NaAlH4  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Effect of Ti for Effect of Ti for Hydrogen Cycling in NaAlH 4 Mei-Yin Chou School of Physics Georgia Institute of Technology (DE-FG02-05ER46229) Acknowledgment: Yan Wang, Roland Stumpf Why is NaAlH 4 interesting? A viable candidate for hydrogen-storage material: High theoretical weight-percent hydrogen content of 5.55% and low cost But (before 1997) Dehydrogenation occurs at high temperature; rehydrogenation is difficult. Bogdanovic and Schwickardi, 1997 Hydrogen can be reversibly absorbed and desorbed from NaAlH 4 under moderate conditions by the addition of catalysts (compounds containing Ti, Zr, etc.) High Hydrogen Contents in Complex Hydrides Hydride wt% Hydride wt% Be(BH 4 ) 2 20.8 Mg(AlH 4 ) 2 9.3 LiBH 4 18.2 Ca(AlH 4 ) 2 7.9 Mg(BH 4 ) 2 14.9 KBH 4 7.5 Ca(BH 4 ) 2 11.6 NaAlH 4 7.5 NaBH4 10.7 Ga(AlH

327

The behavior of NaOH at the air-water interface, a computational study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Molecular dynamics simulations with a polarizable multi-state empirical valence bond model were carried out to investigate NaOH dissociation and pairing in water bulk and at the air-water interface. It was found that NaOH readily dissociates in the bulk, and the effect of the air-water interface on NaOH dissociation is fairly minor. Also, NaOH complexes were found to be strongly repelled from the air-water interface, which is consistent with surface tension measurements. At the same time, a very strong preference for the hydroxide anion to be oriented towards the air was found that persisted a few angstroms towards the liquid from the Gibbs dividing surface of the air-water interface. This was due to a preference for the hydroxide anion to have its hydrogen pointing towards the air, and the fact that the sodium ion was more likely to be found near the hydroxide oxygen than hydrogen. As a consequence, the simulation results show that surfaces of NaOH solutions should be negatively charged, in agreement with experimental observations, but also that the hydroxide has little surface affinity. This provides the possibility that the surface of water can be devoid of hydroxide anions, but still have a strong negative charge. This work was supported by the US Department of Energy Basic Energy Sciences' Chemical Sciences, Geosciences & Biosciences Division. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is operated by Battelle for the US Department of Energy.

Wick, Collin D.; Dang, Liem X.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

328

THE Na 8200 Angstrom-Sign DOUBLET AS AN AGE INDICATOR IN LOW-MASS STARS  

SciTech Connect

We investigate the use of the gravity sensitive neutral sodium (Na I) doublet at 8183 Angstrom-Sign and 8195 Angstrom-Sign (Na 8200 Angstrom-Sign doublet) as an age indicator for M dwarfs. We measured the Na doublet equivalent width (EW) in giants, old dwarfs, young dwarfs, and candidate members of the {beta} Pic moving group using medium-resolution spectra. Our Na 8200 A doublet EW analysis shows that the feature is useful as an approximate age indicator in M-type dwarfs with (V - K{sub s}) {>=} 5.0, reliably distinguishing stars older and younger than 100 Myr. A simple derivation of the dependence of the Na EW on temperature and gravity supports the observational results. An analysis of the effects of metallicity shows that this youth indicator is best used on samples with similar metallicity. The age estimation technique presented here becomes useful in a mass regime where traditional youth indicators are increasingly less reliable, is applicable to other alkali lines, and will help identify new low-mass members in other young clusters and associations.

Schlieder, Joshua E.; Simon, Michal [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 (United States); Lepine, Sebastien; Rice, Emily [Department of Astrophysics, American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West at 79th Street, New York, NY 10024 (United States); Fielding, Drummond [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, 366 Bloomberg Center, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Tomasino, Rachael, E-mail: michal.simon@stonybrook.edu, E-mail: schlieder@mpia-hd.mpg.de, E-mail: lepine@amnh.org, E-mail: erice@amnh.org, E-mail: dfieldi1@jhu.edu, E-mail: tomas1r@cmich.edu [Department of Physics, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, MI 48859 (United States)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

329

Stripe Correlations in Na{sub 0.75}CoO{sub 2}  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a combined high-energy x-ray diffraction and local-density approximation study of the sodium ordering in Na{sub 0.75}CoO{sub 2}. The obtained results rule out previously proposed Na-ordering models and provide strong evidence for the formation of sodium-density stripes in this material. The local-density approximation calculations prove that the sodium-density stripes lead to a sizable dip in the density of the Co states at the Fermi level, pointing to band structure effects as a driving force for the stripe formation. This indicates that the sodium ordering is connected to stripelike charge correlations within the CoO{sub 2} layers, leading to an astonishing similarity between the doped cuprates and the Na{sub x}CoO{sub 2} compounds.

Geck, J.; Borisenko, S. V.; Eschrig, H.; Koepernik, K.; Knupfer, M.; Buechner, B. [Leibniz Institute for Solid State and Materials Research IFW Dresden, Helmholtzstrasse 20, 01069 Dresden (Germany); Zimmermann, M. v. [Hamburger Synchrotronstrahlungslabor HASYLAB at Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, Notkestrasse 85, 22603 Hamburg (Germany); Berger, H. [Institut de Physique de la Matiere Complex (IPMC), EPF Lausannne, 1015 Lausanne (Switzerland)

2006-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

330

Decontamination and decommissioning plan for processing contaminated NaK at the INEL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This decontamination and decommissioning (D&D) plan describes the work elements and project management plan for processing four containers of contaminated sodium/potassium (NaK) and returning the Army Reentry Vehicle Facility Site (ARVFS) to a reusable condition. The document reflects the management plan for this project before finalizing the conceptual design and preliminary prototype tests of the reaction kinetics. As a result, the safety, environmental, and accident analyses are addressed as preliminary assessments before completion at a later date. ARVFS contains an earth-covered bunker, a cylindrical test pit and metal shed, and a cable trench connecting the two items. The bunker currently stores the four containers of NaK from the meltdown of the EBR-1 Mark II core. The D&D project addressed in this plan involves processing the contaminated NaK and returning the ARVFS to potential reuse after cleanup.

LaRue, D.M.; Dolenc, M.R.

1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Decontamination and decommissioning plan for processing contaminated NaK at the INEL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This decontamination and decommissioning (D D) plan describes the work elements and project management plan for processing four containers of contaminated sodium/potassium (NaK) and returning the Army Reentry Vehicle Facility Site (ARVFS) to a reusable condition. The document reflects the management plan for this project before finalizing the conceptual design and preliminary prototype tests of the reaction kinetics. As a result, the safety, environmental, and accident analyses are addressed as preliminary assessments before completion at a later date. ARVFS contains an earth-covered bunker, a cylindrical test pit and metal shed, and a cable trench connecting the two items. The bunker currently stores the four containers of NaK from the meltdown of the EBR-1 Mark II core. The D D project addressed in this plan involves processing the contaminated NaK and returning the ARVFS to potential reuse after cleanup.

LaRue, D.M.; Dolenc, M.R.

1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Caustic Recycle from Hanford Tank Waste Using NaSICON Ceramic Membrane Salt Splitting Process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A family of inorganic ceramic materials, called sodium (Na) Super Ion Conductors (NaSICON), has been studied at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to investigate their ability to separate sodium from radioactively contaminated sodium salt solutions for treating U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) tank wastes. Ceramatec Inc. developed and fabricated a membrane containing a proprietary NAS-GY material formulation that was electrochemically tested in a bench-scale apparatus with both a simulant and a radioactive tank-waste solution to determine the membrane performance when removing sodium from DOE tank wastes. Implementing this sodium separation process can result in significant cost savings by reducing the disposal volume of low-activity wastes and by producing a NaOH feedstock product for recycle into waste treatment processes such as sludge leaching, regenerating ion exchange resins, inhibiting corrosion in carbon-steel tanks, or retrieving tank wastes.

Fountain, Matthew S.; Kurath, Dean E.; Sevigny, Gary J.; Poloski, Adam P.; Pendleton, J.; Balagopal, S.; Quist, M.; Clay, D.

2009-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

333

At-wavelength interferometry of high-NA diffraction-limited EUV optics  

SciTech Connect

Recent advances in all-reflective diffraction-limited optical systems designed for extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography have pushed numerical aperture (NA) values from 0.1 to 0.3, providing Rayleigh resolutions of 27-nm. Worldwide, several high-NA EUV optics are being deployed to serve in the development of advanced lithographic techniques required for EUV lithography, including the creation and testing of new, high-resolution photoresists. One such system is installed on an undulator beamline at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's Advanced Light Source. Sub{angstrom}-accuracy optical testing and alignment techniques, developed for use with the previous generations of EUV lithographic optical systems, are being extended for use at high NA. Considerations for interferometer design and use are discussed.

Goldberg, Kenneth A.; Naulleau, Patrick; Rekawa, Senajith; Denham, Paul; Liddle, J. Alexander; Anderson, Erik; Jackson, Keith; Bokor, Jeffrey; Attwood, David

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

NaK pool-boiler solar receiver durability bench test. Volume 2, Metallurgical analysis  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The principal materials used in the construction of a NaKbased pool-boiler were analyzed. The device, operated for 7500 hours, accumulated 1000 thermal cycles to a peak temperature of 750{degrees}C. Haynes 230, used to fabricate the pool-boiler vessel, was found to perform satisfactorily. Air-side corrosion of the pool-boiler vessel was insignificant. Internal surface of the alloy exhibited some NaK-induced elemental dissolution; this dissolution was somewhat more extensive where the alloy was exposed to the liquid metal compared to regions exposed only to NaK vapor; however, the corresponding metal loss in all regions was inconsequential, never exceeding more than a few microns. Autogenous seam welds of the alloy responded in a similar fashion, exhibiting only minimal metal loss over the course of the experiment. While there was 50% loss in ductility of the alloy there remained adequate ductility for the anticipated operating environment. An enhanced boiling nucleation surface comprised of stainless steel powder brazed to the vessel ID showed no change in its structure. It remained intact, showing no cracking after repeated thermal cycling. Other materials used in the experiment showed more extensive degradation after exposure to the NaK. IN 600, used to fabricate thermowells, exhibited extensive surface and intergranular dissolution. Grain boundary dissolution was sufficiently severe in one of the thermowells to cause an air leak, resulting in experiment termination. BNi-3, a brazing alloy used to join the pool-boiler vessel, endcaps and thermowells, showed some dissolution where it was exposed to the NaK as well as thermal aging effects. However, all brazes remained structurally sound. A nickel metal ribbon showed catastrophic dissolution, resulting in the formation of deep (> 30 {mu}m) pits and cavities. A zirconium metal foil used to getter oxygen from the NaK became extremely brittle.

Goods, S.H.; Bradshaw, R.W. [Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (United States)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Towards a study of the {sup 22}Ne(p,{gamma}){sup 23}Na reaction at LUNA  

SciTech Connect

The {sup 22}Ne(p,{gamma}){sup 23}Na reaction is a part of the hydrogen burning NeNa cycle. In second-generation stars hydrogen burning may proceed via this cycle. The rate of the {sup 22}Ne(p,{gamma}){sup 23}Na reaction depends on the strength of several resonances in the energy range of the LUNA 400 kV accelerator which have never been observed in direct experiments. A related study is under preparation at LUNA.

Cavanna, Francesca; Depalo, Rosanna; Menzel, Marie-Luise [Dipartimento di fisica, Universita di Genova, and INFN Sezione di Genova, Genova (Italy); Dipartimento di fisica, Universita di Padova, and INFN Sezione di Padova, Padova (Italy); Helmholtz Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Dresden (Germany); Collaboration: LUNA Collaboration

2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

336

POST-OPERATIONAL TREATMENT OF RESIDUAL NA COOLLANT IN EBR-2 USING CARBONATION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

At the end of 2002, the Experimental Breeder Reactor Two (EBR-II) facility became a U.S. Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) permitted site, and the RCRA permit1 compelled further treatment of the residual sodium in order to convert it into a less reactive chemical form and remove the by-products from the facility, so that a state of RCRA 'closure' for the facility may be achieved (42 U.S.C. 6901-6992k, 2002). In response to this regulatory driver, and in recognition of project budgetary and safety constraints, it was decided to treat the residual sodium in the EBR-II primary and secondary sodium systems using a process known as 'carbonation.' In early EBR-II post-operation documentation, this process is also called 'passivation.' In the carbonation process (Sherman and Henslee, 2005), the system containing residual sodium is flushed with humidified carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}). The water vapor in the flush gas reacts with residual sodium to form sodium hydroxide (NaOH), and the CO{sub 2} in the flush gas reacts with the newly formed NaOH to make sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO{sub 3}). Hydrogen gas (H{sub 2}) is produced as a by-product. The chemical reactions occur at the exposed surface of the residual sodium. The NaHCO{sub 3} layer that forms is porous, and humidified carbon dioxide can penetrate the NaHCO{sub 3} layer to continue reacting residual sodium underneath. The rate of reaction is controlled by the thickness of the NaHCO{sub 3} surface layer, the moisture input rate, and the residual sodium exposed surface area. At the end of carbonation, approximately 780 liters of residual sodium in the EBR-II primary tank ({approx}70% of original inventory), and just under 190 liters of residual sodium in the EBR-II secondary sodium system ({approx}50% of original inventory), were converted into NaHCO{sub 3}. No bare surfaces of residual sodium remained after treatment, and all remaining residual sodium deposits are covered by a layer of NaHCO{sub 3}. From a safety standpoint, the inventory of residual sodium in these systems was greatly reduced by using the carbonation process. From a regulatory standpoint, the process was not able to achieve deactivation of all residual sodium, and other more aggressive measures will be needed if the remaining residual sodium must also be deactivated to meet the requirements of the existing environmental permit. This chapter provides a project history and technical summary of the carbonation of EBR-II residual sodium. Options for future treatment are also discussed.

Sherman, S.; Knight, C.

2011-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

337

High Thermal Energy Storage Density LiNO3-NaNO3-KNO3-KNO2 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, High Thermal Energy Storage Density LiNO3-NaNO3-KNO3- KNO2 Quaternary Molten Salts for Parabolic Trough Solar Power Generation.

338

O processo de desenvolvimento da f e a constituio do self na primeira infncia, a partir de James William Fowler.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Este trabalho estuda o desenvolvimento da f e da constituio do self na primeira infncia a partir de James W. Fowler. um estudo psicolgico (more)

Maria Eliane Azevedo da Silva

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

U.S. Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 6.25 7.97 3.67 4.48 3.95 2.66 1922-2012 Imports Price 6.87 8.70 4.19 4.52 4.24 2.88 1985-2012 By Pipeline 6.83 8.57 4.13 4.46 4.09 2.79 1985-2012 As Liquefied Natural Gas 7.07 10.03 4.59 4.94 5.63 4.27 1985-2012 Exports Price 6.92 8.58 4.47 5.02 4.64 3.25 1985-2012 By Pipeline 6.96 8.62 4.34 4.75 4.35 3.08 1985-2012 As Liquefied Natural Gas 6.23 7.69 8.40 9.53 10.54 12.82 1985-2012 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 8.16 9.18 6.48 6.18 5.63 4.73 1973-2012 Residential Price 13.08 13.89 12.14 11.39 11.03 10.71 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 98.0 97.5 97.4 97.4 96.3 95.3 1989-2012

340

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Maine" Maine" "Number of Entities",1,4,"NA",2,"NA",21,6,34 "Number of Retail Customers",34,10431,"NA",2540,"NA",777707,"NA",790712 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)","*",140,"NA",12,"NA",11380,"NA",11532 "Percentage of Retail Sales","*",1.21,"NA",0.1,"NA",98.69,"NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)","*",18,"NA",3,"NA",923,536,1481 "Percentage of Revenue","*",1.24,"NA",0.21,"NA",62.33,36.22,100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",12.79,13.11,"NA",26.52,"NA",8.11,4.71,12.84

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1967-2012 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Grant Title: WELLS FARGO GRANT PROGRAM Funding Opportunity Number: N/A  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Grant Title: WELLS FARGO GRANT PROGRAM Funding Opportunity Number: N/A Agency/Department: Wells: Organizations with tax-exempt status under Section 501(c)(3) of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code, as well as qualified tribal and governmental agencies, including public school systems. Summary: Wells Fargo makes

Farritor, Shane

342

The luminescence characteristics of CsI(Na) crystal under {alpha} and X/{gamma} excitation  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we study the effective decay time characteristic of CsI(Na) crystal under {sup 239}Pu alpha particle and {sup 137}Cs gamma-ray excitation using a single photon counting decay time measurement system. The measurement system employs a silicon optical fiber to couple and transit single photon. The slow decay time component of CsI(Na) crystal is 460-550 ns. We observe a 15 ns fast decay component under alpha particle excitation. In addition, we find that the primary stage of the falling edge in the decay time curve is non-exponential and drops rapidly when CsI(Na) crystal is excited by {sup 239}Pu alpha particles. Since the high density of self-trapped-excitons (STEs) is produced in alpha particle excitation process, we propose that the fast falling edge is corresponding to the quenching process of STEs which transit with non-radiation in the case of high excitation density. To prove this proposal, we excited the CsI(Na) crystal with sub-nanosecond intensive pulsed X-ray radiation. Our X-ray impinging results show that the fast falling edge also exists under low energy (average 100 keV) bremsstrahlung X-ray excitation.

Liu Jinliang [Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Radiation Detection Research Center, Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710024 (China); Liu Fang [Radiation Detection Research Center, Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710024 (China); School of Nuclear Science and Engineering, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206 (China); Ouyang Xiaoping [Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Radiation Detection Research Center, Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710024 (China); School of Nuclear Science and Engineering, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206 (China); Liu Bin [School of Nuclear Science and Engineering, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206 (China); Chen Liang; Ruan Jinlu; Zhang Zhongbing; Liu Jun [Radiation Detection Research Center, Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710024 (China)

2013-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

343

Electrical Conductivity of the KF-NaF- AlF3 Molten System at Low ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The electrical conductivity of the NaF-KF-AlF3 system at CR=1.3-1.7 was ... Experimental Investigation of Single Bubble Characteristics in a Cold Model of a ... Impact of Amperage Creep on Potroom Busbars and Electrical Insulation:...

344

Evaluation of NaK as the Primary Coolant for the SNAP II System  

SciTech Connect

An evaluation was made of the use of NaK as the primary coolant for the SNAP-2 system. Pumping-power limitations based on the mercury Rankine cycle are analyzed. Problems pertinent to any design-specification modifications are reviewed.

Wallerstedt, R.

1959-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

345

Temperature induced immiscibility in the NaCl?H[subscript 2]O system at high pressure  

SciTech Connect

High-pressure polymorphs of H{sub 2}O are a major component in many outer planets, extra solar bodies, and icy satellites. This study sought to examine the influence of ionic impurities on the phase stability, thermal expansion, and melting curve of ice VII. Powder diffraction patterns of ice VII formed from pure H{sub 2}O and 5 wt.% NaCl aqueous solutions were taken at room temperature up to 11.1 {+-} 0.3 and 26.6 {+-} 0.4 GPa, respectively. Thermal expansions, {alpha}, of all ice VII samples were recorded and modeled up to the melting point of the samples. Ice VII formed from a NaCl-bearing aqueous solution at pressures greater than 2.2 GPa and less than 500 K can be indexed by ice VII only, whereas at temperatures greater than 500 K, diffraction lines indicative of halite (NaCl) are observed and become more intense with increasing temperature and only disappear at the melting point of the high-pressure ice. This phenomenon was observed in all NaCl-bearing ice samples that were heated to greater than 500 K. The melting curves of ice VII formed from pure H{sub 2}O and a 5 wt.% NaCl aqueous solution suggest that the presence of Na{sup +} and Cl{sup -} in the ice VII structure results in a depression of the melting curve by approximately 40 K. The exsolution of halite from the NaCl-doped ice VII and the depression of the ice VII melting curve suggest that the presence of ionic impurities in ice VII may promote the formation of a self-segregating zone deep within ice-rich bodies. This zone could initiate the formation of solute-rich melt pockets that may ascend toward the surface and result in surface manifestations such as solute-bearing aqueous vents, unexplained domes/diapirism, and/or salt-rich regions.

Frank, M.R.; Scott, H.P.; Maglio, S.J.; Prakapenka, V.B.; Shen, G. (NIU); (CIW); (UC); (Indiana)

2008-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

346

Natural Gas Processed  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History U.S. 15,663,381 15,316,804 15,904,517 16,267,757 16,566,883 17,538,026 1967-2012 Alabama 257,443 253,028 248,232 242,444 1969-2010 Alaska 2,965,956 2,901,760 2,830,034 2,731,803 2,721,396 2,788,997 1969-2012 Arkansas 11,532 6,531 2,352 9,599 5,611 6,872 1967-2012 California 206,239 195,272 198,213 204,327 180,648 169,203 1967-2012 Colorado 888,705 1,029,641 1,233,260 1,434,003 1967-2010 Florida 2,422 300 1967-2008 Illinois 235 233 164 5,393 15,727 0 1967-2012 Indiana 1981-1982 Kansas 391,022 397,587 370,670 341,778 1967-2010

347

Natural Gas Processed  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History U.S. 15,663,381 15,316,804 15,904,517 16,267,757 16,566,883 17,538,026 1967-2012 Alabama 257,443 253,028 248,232 242,444 1969-2010 Alaska 2,965,956 2,901,760 2,830,034 2,731,803 2,721,396 2,788,997 1969-2012 Arkansas 11,532 6,531 2,352 9,599 5,611 6,872 1967-2012 California 206,239 195,272 198,213 204,327 180,648 169,203 1967-2012 Colorado 888,705 1,029,641 1,233,260 1,434,003 1967-2010 Florida 2,422 300 1967-2008 Illinois 235 233 164 5,393 15,727 0 1967-2012 Indiana 1981-1982 Kansas 391,022 397,587 370,670 341,778 1967-2010

348

Missouri Natural Gas Summary  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1967-1997 1967-1997 Pipeline and Distribution Use 1967-2005 Citygate 7.53 8.03 7.06 6.17 5.85 5.27 1984-2012 Residential 13.42 13.36 12.61 11.66 12.02 12.25 1967-2012 Commercial 11.82 12.02 10.81 10.28 9.99 9.54 1967-2012 Industrial 10.84 11.32 9.55 8.70 8.54 7.93 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel 8.44 8.66 7.86 6.34 6.11 5.64 1994-2012 Electric Power W W W W W W 1997-2012 Production (Million Cubic Feet) Number of Producing Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 53 100 1989-2012 Gross Withdrawals 0 0 0 0 0 0 1967-2012 From Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2012 From Coalbed Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2012 Repressuring 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2012 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed

349

Virginia Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7,419 16,046 23,086 20,375 21,802 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 0 0 0 0 0 9 2006-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 19,100 19,468 18,284 16,433 18,501 17,212 2007-2012 From Coalbed Wells...

350

Maryland Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

From Gas Wells 35 28 43 43 34 44 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2006-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2012 From Coalbed Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2006-2012...

351

Oklahoma Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Gross Withdrawals 1,783,682 1,886,710 1,901,556 1,827,328 1,888,870 2,021,001 1967-2012 From Gas Wells 1,583,356 1,452,148 1,413,759...

352

Alaska Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Gross Withdrawals 3,479,290 3,415,884 3,312,386 3,197,100 3,162,922 3,182,084 1967-2012 From Gas Wells 165,624 150,483 137,639 127,417...

353

Louisiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Gross Withdrawals 1,382,828 1,387,722 1,558,638 2,218,283 3,040,523 3,007,147 1967-2012 From Gas Wells 1,261,539 1,288,559 1,100,007 911,967...

354

Wyoming Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Gross Withdrawals 2,257,884 2,488,267 2,536,336 2,514,657 2,375,301 2,253,310 1967-2012 From Gas Wells 1,649,284 1,764,084 1,806,807...

355

New Mexico Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Gross Withdrawals 1,555,450 1,487,123 1,425,222 1,341,475 1,287,682 1,317,755 1967-2012 From Gas Wells 657,593 732,483 682,334 616,134...

356

Texas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Gross Withdrawals 6,960,858 7,800,655 7,653,647 7,593,697 7,934,689 8,112,398 1967-2012 From Gas Wells 4,992,042 5,285,458 4,860,377...

357

New Jersey Supplemental Supplies of Natural Gas  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

379 489 454 457 392 139 1967-2012 Synthetic 0 0 1980-2012 Propane-Air 0 1980-2012 Refinery Gas 1980-2005 Biomass 0 1993-2012 Other 379 489 454 457 392 139 1980-2012...

358

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Missouri" Missouri" "Number of Entities",4,88,"NA",42,"NA","NA","NA",134 "Number of Retail Customers",1924813,425718,"NA",725133,"NA","NA","NA",3075664 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",59915,11224,"NA",14945,"NA","NA","NA",86085 "Percentage of Retail Sales",69.6,13.04,"NA",17.36,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",4429,934,"NA",1336,"NA","NA","NA",6699 "Percentage of Revenue",66.11,13.95,"NA",19.94,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",7.39,8.32,"NA",8.94,"NA","NA","NA",7.7

359

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Nebraska" Nebraska" "Number of Entities","NA",149,1,10,"NA","NA","NA",160 "Number of Retail Customers","NA",976956,16,23176,"NA","NA","NA",1000148 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)","NA",29059,164,626,"NA","NA","NA",29849 "Percentage of Retail Sales","NA",97.35,0.55,2.1,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)","NA",2170,5,69,"NA","NA","NA",2244 "Percentage of Revenue","NA",96.7,0.22,3.08,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)","NA",7.47,3.04,11.04,"NA","NA","NA",7.52

360

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Louisiana" Louisiana" "Number of Entities",5,21,"NA",13,"NA","NA","NA",39 "Number of Retail Customers",1670178,166576,"NA",428748,"NA","NA","NA",2265502 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",70785,4818,"NA",9477,"NA","NA","NA",85080 "Percentage of Retail Sales",83.2,5.66,"NA",11.14,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",5516,371,"NA",753,"NA","NA","NA",6640 "Percentage of Revenue",83.07,5.59,"NA",11.34,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",7.79,7.7,"NA",7.95,"NA","NA","NA",7.8

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1967-2012 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Alaska" Alaska" "Number of Entities",18,35,"NA",18,"NA","NA","NA",71 "Number of Retail Customers",28274,58959,"NA",233917,"NA","NA","NA",321150 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",547,1654,"NA",4047,"NA","NA","NA",6247 "Percentage of Retail Sales",8.75,26.47,"NA",64.78,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",85,208,"NA",628,"NA","NA","NA",922 "Percentage of Revenue",9.26,22.6,"NA",68.14,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",15.62,12.61,"NA",15.53,"NA","NA","NA",14.76

362

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Carolina" Carolina" "Number of Entities",4,22,"NA",21,"NA","NA","NA",47 "Number of Retail Customers",1372753,337569,"NA",723822,"NA","NA","NA",2434144 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",51432,15241,"NA",15806,"NA","NA","NA",82479 "Percentage of Retail Sales",62.36,18.48,"NA",19.16,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",4184,1128,"NA",1692,"NA","NA","NA",7004 "Percentage of Revenue",59.73,16.11,"NA",24.16,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",8.13,7.4,"NA",10.71,"NA","NA","NA",8.49

363

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vermont" Vermont" "Number of Entities",3,15,"NA",2,"NA","NA","NA",20 "Number of Retail Customers",255597,54743,"NA",48338,"NA","NA","NA",358678 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",4310,787,"NA",498,"NA","NA","NA",5595 "Percentage of Retail Sales",77.04,14.06,"NA",8.9,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",548,113,"NA",79,"NA","NA","NA",741 "Percentage of Revenue",74.02,15.3,"NA",10.68,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",12.72,14.41,"NA",15.89,"NA","NA","NA",13.2

364

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Iowa" Iowa" "Number of Entities",3,137,"NA",43,"NA","NA","NA",183 "Number of Retail Customers",1121691,208973,"NA",221491,"NA","NA","NA",1552155 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",33951,5306,"NA",6189,"NA","NA","NA",45445 "Percentage of Retail Sales",74.71,11.67,"NA",13.62,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",2491,425,"NA",563,"NA","NA","NA",3480 "Percentage of Revenue",71.6,12.21,"NA",16.19,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",7.34,8.01,"NA",9.1,"NA","NA","NA",7.66

365

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Virginia" Virginia" "Number of Entities",4,16,"NA",13,"NA","NA","NA",33 "Number of Retail Customers",2952979,154234,"NA",577077,"NA","NA","NA",3684290 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",95742,5043,"NA",13021,"NA","NA","NA",113806 "Percentage of Retail Sales",84.13,4.43,"NA",11.44,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",8067,437,"NA",1389,"NA","NA","NA",9894 "Percentage of Revenue",81.54,4.42,"NA",14.04,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",8.43,8.67,"NA",10.67,"NA","NA","NA",8.69

366

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

West Virginia" West Virginia" "Number of Entities",5,2,"NA",3,"NA","NA","NA",10 "Number of Retail Customers",1004027,3427,"NA",10052,"NA","NA","NA",1017506 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",31836,68,"NA",128,"NA","NA","NA",32032 "Percentage of Retail Sales",99.39,0.21,"NA",0.4,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",2362,6,"NA",18,"NA","NA","NA",2386 "Percentage of Revenue",99,0.26,"NA",0.74,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",7.42,9.29,"NA",13.82,"NA","NA","NA",7.45

367

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Wisconsin" Wisconsin" "Number of Entities",12,82,"NA",24,"NA","NA","NA",118 "Number of Retail Customers",2404281,276489,"NA",256830,"NA","NA","NA",2937600 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",57184,7759,"NA",3810,"NA","NA","NA",68752 "Percentage of Retail Sales",83.17,11.28,"NA",5.54,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",5583,691,"NA",450,"NA","NA","NA",6723 "Percentage of Revenue",83.04,10.28,"NA",6.69,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",9.76,8.91,"NA",11.8,"NA","NA","NA",9.78

368

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Georgia" Georgia" "Number of Entities",1,53,"NA",43,"NA","NA","NA",97 "Number of Retail Customers",2359765,338414,"NA",1917626,"NA","NA","NA",4615805 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",87160,12061,"NA",41450,"NA","NA","NA",140672 "Percentage of Retail Sales",61.96,8.57,"NA",29.47,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",7509,1014,"NA",3959,"NA","NA","NA",12481 "Percentage of Revenue",60.16,8.13,"NA",31.72,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",8.61,8.41,"NA",9.55,"NA","NA","NA",8.87

369

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Hawaii" Hawaii" "Number of Entities",3,"NA","NA",1,1,"NA","NA",5 "Number of Retail Customers",443236,"NA","NA",32482,15,"NA","NA",475733 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",9579,"NA","NA",435,3,"NA","NA",10017 "Percentage of Retail Sales",95.63,"NA","NA",4.34,0.03,"NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",2361,"NA","NA",155,"*","NA","NA",2516 "Percentage of Revenue",93.83,"NA","NA",6.16,"*","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",24.64,"NA","NA",35.69,1.7,"NA","NA",25.12

370

Metastability And Crystal Structure of The Bialkali Complex Metal Hydride NaK(BH4)2  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A new bialkali borohydride, NaK(BH{sub 4}){sub 2}, was synthesized by mechanical milling of NaBH4 and KBH4 in a 1:1 ratio. The synthesis was conducted based on a prediction from a computational screening of hydrogen storage materials suggesting the potential stability of NaK(BH{sub 4}){sub 2}. The new phase was characterized using X-ray diffraction, Raman scattering and magic angle spinning (MAS) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). The Raman measurements indicated B-H vibrations of the (BH{sub 4}){sup -} anion, while magnetic resonance chemical shifts in {sup 23}Na, and {sup 39}K MAS NMR spectra showed new chemical environments for Na and K resulting from the formation of the new bialkali phase. X-ray diffraction spectra indicated a new crystal structure with rhombohedral symmetry, most likely in the space group R3, distinct from the starting materials NaBH{sub 4}, and KBH{sub 4}. Although in-situ XRD measurements indicated the material to be metastable, decomposing to the starting materials NaBH{sub 4} and KBH{sub 4}, the successful synthesis of NaK(BH{sub 4}){sub 2} demonstrates the ability of computational screening to predict candidates for hydrogen storage materials.

Seballos, L; Zhang, J Z; Ronnebro, E; Herberg, J L; Majzoub, E H

2008-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

371

Sodium (Na)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...Ionization state Potential, eV I 5.139 II 47.286 III 71.64 IV 98.91 V 138.39 VI 172.15 VII 208.47 VIII 264.18 IX 299.87 X 1465.091 XI 1648.659...

372

Indiana Natural Gas Summary  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

78 7.58 4.05 4.13 1967-2010 78 7.58 4.05 4.13 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use 1967-2005 Citygate 7.83 8.94 5.59 5.52 4.97 4.23 1984-2012 Residential 11.29 12.65 10.81 8.63 9.46 8.94 1967-2012 Commercial 10.20 11.14 9.18 7.55 8.04 7.68 1967-2012 Industrial 8.45 10.48 6.91 5.65 6.53 6.19 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel 6.09 7.94 4.08 5.19 13.24 12.29 1990-2012 Electric Power 7.48 9.61 4.69 4.91 W W 1997-2012 Production (Million Cubic Feet) Number of Producing Gas Wells 2,350 525 563 620 914 819 1989-2012 Gross Withdrawals 3,606 4,701 4,927 6,802 9,075 8,814 1967-2012 From Gas Wells 3,606 4,701 4,927 6,802 9,075 8,814 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 1967-2012 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2012 From Coalbed Wells

373

Consistent Data Assimilation of Structural Isotopes: 23Na and 56Fe  

SciTech Connect

A new approach is proposed, the consistent data assimilation, that allows to link the integral data experiment results to basic nuclear parameters employed by evaluators to generate ENDF/B point energy files in order to improve them. Practical examples are provided for the structural materials 23Na and 56Fe. The sodium neutron propagation experiments, EURACOS and JANUS-8, are used to improve via modifications of 23Na nuclear parameters (like scattering radius, resonance parameters, Optical model parameters, Statistical Hauser-Feshbach model parameters, and Preequilibrium Exciton model parameters) the agreement of calculation versus experiments for a series of measured reaction rate detectors slopes. For the 56Fe case the EURACOS and ZPR3 assembly 54 are used. Results have shown inconsistencies in the set of nuclear parameters used so that further investigation is needed. Future work involves comparison of results against a more traditional multigroup adjustments, and extension to other isotope of interest in the reactor community.

Giuseppe Palmiotti

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

MHK Projects/University of Manchester Phase 1 and 2 NaREC | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

University of Manchester Phase 1 and 2 NaREC University of Manchester Phase 1 and 2 NaREC < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":55.1294,"lon":-1.50652,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

375

2011 Annual Workforce Analysis and Staffing Plan Report - NNSA HQ NA-10  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

printed 2/17/2012 2:23:00 PM Page 1 of 8 printed 2/17/2012 2:23:00 PM Page 1 of 8 Annual Workforce Analysis and Staffing Plan Report As of December 31, 2011 Reporting Office: NNSA NA-10 HQ (including NA-15 inputs) Section One: Current Mission(s) of the Organization and Potential Changes NNSA Mission: To strengthen United States security through the military application of nuclear energy. NNSA Vision: To be an integrated nuclear security enterprise operating an efficient and agile nuclear weapons complex, recognized as preeminent in technical leadership and program management. Organizational Changes: NNSA is in the final phase of re-organizing. This plan reflects known changes that resulted from the elimination of the ABQ Service Center and re-distribution of the functions and personnel, some of whom were part of the TQP Program. The plan has also

376

MHK Projects/Ocean Navitas NaREC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Navitas NaREC Navitas NaREC < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":55.1294,"lon":-1.50652,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

377

OFFICE OF CIVIL RIGHTS NA-1.2 VIDEO LIBRARY Item Title  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

OFFICE OF CIVIL RIGHTS NA-1.2 OFFICE OF CIVIL RIGHTS NA-1.2 VIDEO LIBRARY Item # Title # of copies DVD / CD Length Year Publisher 1 A Clear Picture - Harassment in the Public Sector- Una Imagen Clara Acosoen el Sector Publico 1 DVD 2008 Coastal Training Technologies Corp. A Dupont Company 2 Harassment Hurts: It's Personal 1 DVD 16 min 2009 ATS Media 3 Harassment Is .. (government version) 1 DVD 21 min 2005 Coastal Training Technologies Corp. A Dupont Company 4 Harassment Made Simple 1 DVD 6 min 2011 TrainingABC 5 Harassment Training for Supervisors: Let's Face It. Capacitaci ón contra el Hostigamiento para Supervisores Enfrent émoslo 1 DVD 58 min 2007 Coastal Training Technologies Corp. A Dupont Company 6 It's UP to You: Stopping Sexual Harassment for Managers 1 DVD 27 min 2005 ATS Media 7 OpenLines: Exploring Harassment

378

Spectral Content of 22Na/44Ti Decay Data: Implications for a Solar Influence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report a reanalysis of data on the measured decay rate ratio $^{22}$Na/$^{44}$Ti which were originally published by Norman et al., and interpreted as supporting the conventional hypothesis that nuclear decay rates are constant and not affected by outside influences. We find upon a more detailed analysis of both the amplitude and the phase of the Norman data that they actually favor the presence of an annual variation in $^{22}$Na/$^{44}$Ti, albeit weakly. Moreover, this conclusion holds for a broad range of parameters describing the amplitude and phase of an annual sinusoidal variation in these data. The results from this and related analyses underscore the growing importance of phase considerations in understanding the possible influence of the Sun on nuclear decays. Our conclusions with respect to the phase of the Norman data are consistent with independent analyses of solar neutrino data obtained at Super-Kamiokande-I and the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO).

Daniel O'Keefe; Brittany L. Morreale; Robert H. Lee; John B. Buncher; Ephraim Fischbach; Tom Gruenwald; Jere H. Jenkins; Daniel Javorsek II; Peter A. Sturrock

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

379

High Density Hydrogen Storage System Demonstration Using NaAlH4 Based Complex Compound Hydrides  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This final report describes the motivations, activities and results of the hydrogen storage independent project "High Density Hydrogen Storage System Demonstration Using NaAlH4 Based Complex Compound Hydrides" performed by the United Technologies Research Center under the Department of Energy Hydrogen Program, contract # DE-FC36-02AL67610. The objectives of the project were to identify and address the key systems technologies associated with applying complex hydride materials, particularly ones which differ from those for conventional metal hydride based storage. This involved the design, fabrication and testing of two prototype systems based on the hydrogen storage material NaAlH4. Safety testing, catalysis studies, heat exchanger optimization, reaction kinetics modeling, thermochemical finite element analysis, powder densification development and material neutralization were elements included in the effort.

Daniel A. Mosher; Xia Tang; Ronald J. Brown; Sarah Arsenault; Salvatore Saitta; Bruce L. Laube; Robert H. Dold; Donald L. Anton

2007-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

380

The use Na, Li, K cations for modification of ZSM-5 zewolite to control hydrocarbon cold-start emission  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper addresses the problem of controlling hydrocarbon emissions from cold-start of engines by investigating the adsorbents which could adsorb the hydrocarbons at cold temperatures and hold them to 250-300 ?. The materials, that has been studied, are based on the modification of ZSM-5 (SiO{sub 2}/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} = 35) zeolite with Li, K, Na cations. It has been shown that the introduction of Li, Na and K in an amount that is equivalent to the content of Al in zeolite results in occurrence of toluene temperature desorption peaks at high-temperatures. The toluene temperature desorption curves for 5%Li-ZSM-5 and 2.3%Na-ZSM-5 zeolites are identical and have peak toluene desorption rate between 200 to 400 ?. Upon analysis of toluene adsorption isotherms for 2.3%Na-ZSM-5 and 5%Li-ZSM-5, it was concluded that the toluene diffusion inside of the modified zeolites channels is extremely slow and the sorption capacity of 2.3%Na-ZSM-5 is higher than with 5%Li-ZSM-5. The 2.3%Na-ZSM-5 didn't change toluene temperature programmed desorption (TPD) rate of curve after the treatment in environment with 10% ?{sub 2}? at 750-800 ? for about 28 h. The 2.3%Na-ZSM-5 zeolite is very promising as adsorbent to control the cold-start hydrocarbon emissions.

Golubeva V.; Rohatgi U.; Korableva, A.; Anischenko, O.; Kustov, L.; Nissenbaum, V; Viola, M.B.

2012-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1967-2012 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Honeywell FM&T, LLC Contract No. DE-NA0000622  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

FM&T, LLC FM&T, LLC Contract No. DE-NA0000622 Modification No. 016 Page 2 of 10 1. Part II - Contract Clauses. The following Section I clause is revised and replaced in its entirety as follows: I-11 52.204-4 PRINTED OR COPIED DOUBLE-SIDED ON POSTCONSUMER FIBER CONTENT PAPER (MAY 2011) (a) Definitions. As used in this clause- "Postconsumer fiber" means- (1) Paper, paperboard, and fibrous materials from retail stores, office

382

1 MW / 7.2 MWh NaS Battery Demonstration and Case Study Update  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The New York Power Authority (NYPA), working together with the Metropolitan Transit Authority Long Island Bus (LIB) Company, has installed an advanced sodium sulfur battery energy storage system (NaS BESS) at the LIB facility located at 700 Commercial Avenue, Garden City, New York. The BESS is capable of providing a nominal 1MW of power to the bus fueling compressor station for 6-8 hours per day, 7 days per week.

2009-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

383

High-statistics measurement of the beta-delayed alpha spectrum of 20Na  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A measurement of the 20Na beta-delayed alpha spectrum with a high-granularity set-up has allowed the decay scheme to be revised on several points. Three new transitions of low intensity are found at low alpha-particle energy. An R-matrix fit of the complete spectrum gives an improved description of the decay and indicates feeding to the broad 2^+ alpha-cluster state close to 9 MeV.

K. L. Laursen; O. S. Kirsebom; H. O. U. Fynbo; A. Jokinen; M. Madurga; K. Riisager.; A. Saastamoinen; O. Tengblad; J. ysto

2013-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

384

Efficiency Calibration Using HEU Standards of 2-Inch by 2-Inch NaI Detector  

SciTech Connect

The Analytical Development Section of SRTC was requested by the Facilities Disposition Division (FDD) to determine the holdup of highly enriched uranium (HEU) in the 321-M facility as part of an overall deactivation project of the facility. The 321-M facility was used to fabricate enriched uranium fuel assemblies, lithium-aluminum target tubes, neptunium assemblies, and miscellaneous components for the production reactors. The facility also includes the 324-M storage building and the passageway connecting it to 321-M. The results of the holdup assays are essential for determining compliance with the solid waste Waste Acceptance Criteria, Material Control and Accountability, and to meet criticality safety controls. Two measurement systems will be used to determine HEU holdup: One is a portable EG and G Dart system that contains Gamma-Vision software to support a Multichannel Analyzer (MCA) card, high voltage power, and space to store and manipulate multiple 4096-channel gamma-ray spect ra. The other is a 2-inch x 2-inch NaI crystal with an MCA that uses a portable computer with a Canberra NaI plus card installed. This card converts the PC to a full function MCA and contains the ancillary electronics, high voltage power supply and amplifier, required for data acquisition. This report will discuss the calibration of the 2-inch x 2-inch NaI detector.

Dewberry, R. A.

2000-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

385

NMR Study of the Magnetic and Metal-Insulator Transitions in Na0:5CoO2: A Nesting Scenario J. Bobroff,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NMR Study of the Magnetic and Metal-Insulator Transitions in Na0:5CoO2: A Nesting Scenario J, France (Received 22 July 2005; published 13 March 2006) Co and Na NMR are used to probe the local have performed a 59Co and 23Na NMR study which allows us to differentiate the two Co sites and to give

Paris-Sud 11, Université de

386

Crystal structure of new synthetic Ca,Na carbonate-borate Ca{sub 2}Na(Na{sub x}Ca{sub 0.5-x})[B{sub 3}{sup t}B{sub 2}{sup {delta}}O{sub 8}(OH)(O{sub 1-x}OH{sub x})](CO{sub 3})  

SciTech Connect

New Ca,Na carbonate-borate Ca{sub 2}Na(Na{sub x}Ca{sub 0.5-x}) [B{sub 3}{sup t}B{sub 2}{sup {Delta}}O{sub 8}(OH)(O{sub 1-x}OH{sub x})](CO{sub 3}) crystals (x {approx} 0.4) have been synthesized by the hydrothermal method in the Ca(OH){sub 2}-H{sub 3}BO{sub 3}-Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3}-NaCl-system at t = 250 Degree-Sign C and P = 70-80 atm; the structure parameters are found to be a = 11.1848(3) Angstrom-Sign , b = 6.4727(2) Angstrom-Sign , c = 25.8181(7) Angstrom-Sign , {beta} = 96.364(3) Degree-Sign , V = 1857.60(9) Angstrom-Sign {sup 3}, sp. gr. C2/c, Z = 8, and {rho}{sub calcd} = 2.801 g/cm{sup 3} (Xcalibur S autodiffractometer (CCD), 2663 reflections with I > 2{sigma} (I), direct solution, refinement by the least-squares method in the anisotropic approximation of thermal atomic vibrations, hydrogen localization, R{sub 1} = 0.0387). The structure is based on boron-oxygen layers of pentaborate radicals 5(2{Delta} + 3T). Ca and Na polyhedra and CO{sub 3} triangles are located between the layers. A crystallochemical analysis of the new Ca,Na carbonate-borate has established its similarity to natural Na,Ca pentaborates (heidornite and tuzlaite) and synthetic Na,Ba-decaborate.

Yamnova, N. A., E-mail: natalia-yamnova@yandex.ru; Borovikova, E. Yu.; Gurbanova, O. A.; Dimitrova, O. V.; Zubkova, N. V. [Moscow State University (Russian Federation)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

387

Precision mass measurements of very short-lived, neutron-rich Na isotopes using a radiofrequency spectrometer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mass measurements of high precision have been performed on sodium isotopes out to $^{30}$Na using a new technique of radiofrequency excitation of ion trajectories in a homogeneous magnetic field. This method, especially suited to very short-lived nuclides, has allowed us to significantly reduce the uncertainty in mass of the most exotic Na isotopes: a relative error of 5\\audi was achieved for $^{28}$Na having a half-life of only 30.5 ms and 9\\audi for the weakly produced $^{30}$Na. Verifying and minimizing binding energy uncertainties in this region of the nuclear chart is important for clarification of a long standing problem concerning the strength of the $N~=~20$ magic shell closure. These results are the fruit of the commissioning of the new experimental program Mistral.

Lunney, M D; Doubre, H; Henry, S; Monsanglant, C; De Saint-Simon, M; Thibault, C; Toader, C F; Borcea, C; Bollen, G

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Electrochemical and structural characterization of titanium-substituted manganese oxides based on Na0.44MnO2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by heating them in a molten salt- mixture of 68-mol% LiNOtakes place during the molten salt exchange. Because the850 C. c) prepared by molten salt exchange of Na x Ti y Mn

Doeff, Marca M.; Richardson, Thomas J.; Hwang, Kwang-Taek

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Lasing on the D lines of sodium pumped by free{yields}free transitions of Na-Xe collision pairs  

SciTech Connect

Lasing on the D{sub 1} and D{sub 2} lines of Na (589.6 and 589.0 nm, respectively) has been generated simultaneously by photoexciting free{yields}free transitions of thermal Na-Xe collision pairs. Pumping the blue satellite of the Na D{sub 2} line in Na/Xe mixtures ({lambda} Almost-Equal-To 560 nm) selectively interacts with Na-Xe pairs having an instantaneous internuclear separation of {approx}5 A and culminates in the population of both Na (3{sup 2}P{sub J}) fine structure levels. The spectral width of the laser excitation spectrum is 1.3 nm (centered at 560.1 nm) and the 3{sup 2}P{sub 3/2}{yields}3{sup 2}S{sub 1/2} (D{sub 2}) laser linewidth was measured to be 9.2 {+-} 0.6 GHz, which is consistent with a coefficient of 18.4 MHz/Torr for broadening of the D{sub 2} 589.0 nm transition by Xe.

Hewitt, J. D.; Eden, J. G. [Laboratory for Optical Physics and Engineering, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States)

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

390

Effect of rare earth ions on the phase transition of Na sub 2 SO sub 4 crystals  

SciTech Connect

The V {r reversible} I phase transition of Na{sub 2}SO{sub 4} crystals was investigated on a sample of pure Na{sub 2}SO{sub 4} and on rare-earth ion (Ln{sup 3+} = La{sup 3+}, Eu{sup 3+}, Tm{sup 3+})-doped Na{sub 2}SO{sub 4} samples in various ambient gases (O{sub 2}, N{sub 2}, NH{sub 3}) with high temperature X-ray diffraction and differential thermal analysis. On heating in N{sub 2} flow, the initiating temperature for the V {yields} I transition was lowered by doping with Ln{sup 3+} ion and the doping effect was enhanced by an increase in the ionic size ratio r{sub Ln{sup 3+}}/r{sub Na{sup +}}. The low temperature form of the solid solution (LSS) Na{sub 2}SO{sub 4} and rare earth sulfate, which was a by-product in the preparation of the Ln{sup 3+}-doped samples, transformed to a high temperature form (HSS) after the V {yields} I transition, and the initiating temperature for the LSS {yields} HSS transition was highest in the Eu{sup 3+}-doped sample (r{sub Ln{sup 3+}}/r{sub Na{sup +}} {approx equal} 1).

Ohta, Masatoshi; Sakaguchi, Masakazu (Niigata Univ. (Japan))

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

NA-42 TI Shared Software Component Library FY2011 Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The NA-42 TI program initiated an effort in FY2010 to standardize its software development efforts with the long term goal of migrating toward a software management approach that will allow for the sharing and reuse of code developed within the TI program, improve integration, ensure a level of software documentation, and reduce development costs. The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) has been tasked with two activities that support this mission. PNNL has been tasked with the identification, selection, and implementation of a Shared Software Component Library. The intent of the library is to provide a common repository that is accessible by all authorized NA-42 software development teams. The repository facilitates software reuse through a searchable and easy to use web based interface. As software is submitted to the repository, the component registration process captures meta-data and provides version control for compiled libraries, documentation, and source code. This meta-data is then available for retrieval and review as part of library search results. In FY2010, PNNL and staff from the Remote Sensing Laboratory (RSL) teamed up to develop a software application with the goal of replacing the aging Aerial Measuring System (AMS). The application under development includes an Advanced Visualization and Integration of Data (AVID) framework and associated AMS modules. Throughout development, PNNL and RSL have utilized a common AMS code repository for collaborative code development. The AMS repository is hosted by PNNL, is restricted to the project development team, is accessed via two different geographic locations and continues to be used. The knowledge gained from the collaboration and hosting of this repository in conjunction with PNNL software development and systems engineering capabilities were used in the selection of a package to be used in the implementation of the software component library on behalf of NA-42 TI. The second task managed by PNNL is the development and continued maintenance of the NA-42 TI Software Development Questionnaire. This questionnaire is intended to help software development teams working under NA-42 TI in documenting their development activities. When sufficiently completed, the questionnaire illustrates that the software development activities recorded incorporate significant aspects of the software engineering lifecycle. The questionnaire template is updated as comments are received from NA-42 and/or its development teams and revised versions distributed to those using the questionnaire. PNNL also maintains a list of questionnaire recipients. The blank questionnaire template, the AVID and AMS software being developed, and the completed AVID AMS specific questionnaire are being used as the initial content to be established in the TI Component Library. This report summarizes the approach taken to identify requirements, search for and evaluate technologies, and the approach taken for installation of the software needed to host the component library. Additionally, it defines the process by which users request access for the contribution and retrieval of library content.

Knudson, Christa K.; Rutz, Frederick C.; Dorow, Kevin E.

2011-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

392

Improved container electrode coatings for Na/S battery systems. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Current sodium sulfur (Na/S) battery systems utilize the fast ion conducting properties of sodium beta{double_prime}-alumina electrolyte (BASE) to create high energy density sodium-sulfur electrochemical cells which can be used as components of secondary batteries. Since the days when these cells were invented at the Ford Motor Company Scientific Laboratory by J.T. Kummer and N. Weber, problems with container electrode corrosion have troubled the Na/S systems that have been developed in the many laboratories. In an unpublished investigation carried out at the Ford Motor Company laboratory, it was shown that titanium nitride films sputter deposited onto aluminum substrates under the appropriate conditions can exhibit excellent resistance to corrosion by sodium polysulfide melts. In the work carried out here, the corrosion resistant properties of TiN coatings sputter deposited on Al substrates have been investigated. TiN sputter coated aluminum samples were tested under static conditions in sodium sulfide melts and in Na/S cells under the range of electrochemical conditions needed for battery operation. The sputter deposited coatings produced in these experiments exhibited satisfactory corrosion resistance in the static tests but degraded under full cell operation. Tests of TiN coatings deposited by reactive ion-plating (IP), a common commercial process, showed excellent corrosion and electrical performance in both static and complete cell testing. Charge/discharge testing of sulfur core cells with IP coatings for over 350 cycles to 70 % depth of discharge has shown only very minor changes in cell performance and the tests are continuing.

Hunt, T.K. [Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Applications Development Dept.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Preparations for EUV interferometry of the 0.3 NA MET optic  

SciTech Connect

An at-wavelength interferometer is being created for the measurement and alignment of the 0.3 numerical aperture Micro Exposure Tool projection optic at EUV wavelengths. The prototype MET system promises to provide early learning from EUV lithographic imaging down to 20-nm feature size. The threefold increase to 0.3 NA in the image-side numerical aperture presents several challenges for the extension of ultra-high-accuracy interferometry, including pinhole fabrication and the calibration and removal of systematic error sources.

Goldberg, Kenneth A.; Naulleau, Patrick P.; Denham, Paul E.; Rekawa, Senajith B.; Jackson, Keith H.; Liddle, J. Alexander; Harteneck, Bruce; Gullikson, Eric; Anderson, Erik H.

2003-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

394

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Rhode Island" Rhode Island" "Number of Entities",2,1,"NA","NA","NA",11,1,15 "Number of Retail Customers",475431,4544,"NA","NA","NA",9288,"NA",489263 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",5298,54,"NA","NA","NA",2447,"NA",7799 "Percentage of Retail Sales",67.93,0.69,"NA","NA","NA",31.38,"NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",784,8,"NA","NA","NA",207,99,1098 "Percentage of Revenue",71.45,0.7,"NA","NA","NA",18.85,9,100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",14.81,14.31,"NA","NA","NA",8.46,4.04,14.08

395

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Idaho" Idaho" "Number of Entities",3,11,1,17,1,"NA","NA",33 "Number of Retail Customers",665720,43314,"-",82997,1,"NA","NA",792032 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",19599,1097,"-",1992,110,"NA","NA",22798 "Percentage of Retail Sales",85.97,4.81,"-",8.74,0.48,"NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",1286,65,"-",137,4,"NA","NA",1492 "Percentage of Revenue",86.19,4.36,"-",9.21,0.24,"NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",6.56,5.93,"-",6.9,3.24,"NA","NA",6.54

396

Electronic Reconstruction through the Structural and Magnetic Transitions in Detwinned NaFeAs  

SciTech Connect

We use angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy to study twinned and detwinned iron pnictide compound NaFeAs. Distinct signatures of electronic reconstruction are observed to occur at the structural (T{sub S}) and magnetic (T{sub SDW}) transitions. At T{sub S}, C{sub 4} rotational symmetry is broken in the form of an anisotropic shift of the orthogonal d{sub xz} and d{sub yz} bands. The magnitude of this orbital anisotropy rapidly develops to near completion upon approaching T{sub SDW}, at which temperature band folding occurs via the antiferromagnetic ordering wave vector. Interestingly, the anisotropic band shift onsetting at T{sub S} develops in such a way to enhance the nesting conditions in the C{sub 2} symmetric state, hence is intimately correlated with the long range collinear AFM order. Furthermore, the similar behaviors of the electronic reconstruction in NaFeAs and Ba(Fe{sub 1-x}Co{sub x}){sub 2}As{sub 2} suggests that this rapid development of large orbital anisotropy between T{sub S} and T{sub SDW} is likely a general feature of the electronic nematic phase in the iron pnictides, and the associated orbital fluctuations may play an important role in determining the ground state properties.

Yi, M.; Lu, D.H.; Moore, R.G.; Kihou, K; Lee, C-H; Iyo, A.; Eisaki, H.; Yoshida, T; Fujimori, A; Shen, Z-X

2012-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

397

Thermodynamic modeling of neptunium(V)-acetate complexation in concentrated NaCl media  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The complexation of neptunium(V), Np(V), with the acetate anion, Ac{sup -}, was measured in sodium chloride media to high concentration using an extraction technique. The data were interpreted using the thermodynamic formalism of Pitzer, which is valid to high electrolyte concentrations. A consistent model for the deprotonation constants of acetic acid in NaCl and NaClO{sub 4} media was developed. For the concentrations of acetate expected in a waste repository, only the neutral complex NpO{sub 2}Ac(aq) was important in describing the interactions between the neptunyl ion and acetate. The thermodynamic stability constant log {beta}{sup 0}{sub 101} for the reaction NpO{sub 2}{sup +} + Ac{sup -} {leftrightarrow} NpO{sub 2}Ac was calculated to be 1.46{plus_minus}0.11. This weak complexing behavior between the neptunyl ion and acetate indicates that acetate will not significantly enhance dissolved Np(V) concentrations in ground waters associated with nuclear waste repositories that may contain acetate.

Novak, C.F.; Borkowski, M.; Choppin, G.R.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Thin Porous Metal Sheet-Supported NaA Zeolite Membrane for Water/Ethanol Separation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports preparation and separation testing results of water-selective zeolite membrane, such as NaA (or 4A-type), supported on a robust, porous metal sheet of 50um thickness. The thin sheet support is of large potential for development of a low-cost, inorganic membrane module of high surface area packing density. The porous Ni alloy sheet of micrometer or sub-micrometer mean pore size, which was prepared by a proprietary process, is used to evaluate different zeolite membrane deposition methods and conditions. The membranes are characterized by SEM, XRD and water/ethanol separation tests. Quality NaA zeolite membrane at thickness ethanol separation factor of >10,000 and water permeation flux of about 4 kg/(m2h) at 75C with a feed of 10wt% water in ethanol. The membrane is also demonstrated with good stability in 66-hour continuous testing at 75C and 90C.

Zhang, Jian; Liu, Wei

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",30357,46998,6787,3975,"NA",2263,"NA",90380 "Percentage of Retail Sales",33.59,52,7.51,4.4,"NA",2.5,"NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales...

400

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",55060,23624,"NA",204,233,65504,"NA",144624 "Percentage of Retail Sales",38.07,16.33,"NA",0.14,0.16,45.29,"NA",100 "Revenue from Retail...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1967-2012 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",87335,10029,"NA",7813,153,48816,"NA",154145 "Percentage of Retail Sales",56.66,6.51,"NA",5.07,0.1,31.67,"NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales...

402

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",30115,8791,108,13703,201,"NA","NA",52918 "Percentage of Retail Sales",56.91,16.61,0.2,25.89,0.38,"NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales...

403

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",43321,9562,57,14095,765,"NA","NA",67800 "Percentage of Retail Sales",63.9,14.1,0.08,20.79,1.13,"NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales...

404

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",64250,6888,"NA",6288,465,66870,"NA",144761 "Percentage of Retail Sales",44.38,4.76,"NA",4.34,0.32,46.19,"NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales...

405

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",31029,8939,4,4554,"NA",1500,"NA",46026 "Percentage of Retail Sales",67.42,19.42,0.01,9.89,"NA",3.26,"NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales...

406

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",2240,71159,6832,23183,107,"NA","NA",103522 "Percentage of Retail Sales",2.16,68.74,6.6,22.39,0.1,"NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales...

407

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",6871,179,"NA",657,6,3177,"NA",10890 "Percentage of Retail Sales",63.1,1.64,"NA",6.03,0.05,29.17,"NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales...

408

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",48953,1204,"NA",155,170,28697,"NA",79179 "Percentage of Retail Sales",61.83,1.52,"NA",0.2,0.21,36.24,"NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales...

409

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",6495,17,422,3870,"NA",2620,"NA",13423 "Percentage of Retail Sales",48.38,0.12,3.14,28.83,"NA",19.52,"NA",100 "Revenue from Retail...

410

Examination and experimental constraints of the stellar reaction rate factor $N_A $ of the $^{18}$Ne($?$,$p$)$^{21}$Na reaction at temperatures of X-Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The $^{18}$Ne($\\alpha$,$p$)$^{21}$Na reaction is one key for the break-out from the hot CNO-cycles to the $rp$-process. Recent papers have provided reaction rate factors $N_A $ which are discrepant by at least one order of magnitude. The compatibility of the latest experimental results is tested, and a partial explanation for the discrepant $N_A$ is given. A new rate factor is derived from the combined analysis of all available data. The new rate factor is located slightly below the higher rate factor by Matic {\\it et al.}\\ at low temperatures and significantly below at higher temperatures whereas it is about a factor of five higher than the lower rate factor recently published by Salter {\\it et al.}

P. Mohr; A. Matic

2013-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

411

Methods to study event-by-event fluctuations in the NA61/SHINE experiment at the CERN SPS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Theoretical calculations locate the critical point (CP) of strongly interacting matter at energies accessible at the CERN SPS. Event-by-event transverse momentum and multiplicity fluctuations are considered as one of the most important tools to search for the CP. Pilot studies of the energy dependence and the system size dependence of both p{sub T} and multiplicity fluctuations were performed by the NA49 experiment. The NA61/SHINE ion program is a continuation of these efforts. After briefly recalling the essential NA49 results on fluctuations we will discuss the technical methods (removing Non-Target interactions) which we plan to apply for future transverse momentum and multiplicity fluctuation analyses.

Cetner, T., E-mail: Tomasz.Cetner@cern.ch; Grebieszkow, K., E-mail: kperl@if.pw.edu.pl [Warsaw University of Technology, Faculty of Physics (Poland)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

412

Los Alamos National Security, LLC Contract No. DE-AC52-06NA25396  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Los Alamos National Security, LLC Los Alamos National Security, LLC Contract No. DE-AC52-06NA25396 Attachment to Modification No. 150 PART III - SECTION J APPENDIX G October 5, 2010 [Modified by Modification No. A009, A015, A018, A019, A021, A027, M033, M041, M042, M046, M056, M062, M069, M078, M103, M133, 150] LIST OF APPLICABLE DIRECTIVES In addition to the list of applicable directives listed below, the Contractor shall also comply with supplementary directives, (e.g., manuals) which are invoked by a Contractor Requirements Document (CRD) attached to a directive. Electronic copies of these documents are available at the following Websites: http://directives.doe.gov/cqi-bin/currentchecklist http://www.directives,doe.gov/directives/globesearch-adv.html http://www.nnsa.doe.gov/

413

2011 Annual Workforce Analysis and Staffing Plan Report - NNSA HQ NA-70  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Annual Workforce Analysis and Staffing Plan Report Annual Workforce Analysis and Staffing Plan Report As of December 31, 2011 Reporting Office: NNSA NA-70 Section One: Current Mission(s) of the Organization and Potential Changes 1. DNS is the NNSA line management organization responsible for security direction and program management with respect to prioritization of resources, program evaluation, and funding allocation. Key management areas include security operations, resources, engineering, and technical support to NNSA field elements and facilities. Specific subject matter expertise also includes physical and personnel security, protective forces, nuclear materials control and accountability, classified and sensitive information protection, and technical security programs. DNS evaluates the status of protection programs at all NNSA facilities against National policy and

414

High Density Hydrogen Storage Systems Demonstration Using NaAIH4  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Density Hydrogen Storage Density Hydrogen Storage System Demonstration Using NaAlH 4 Complex Compound Hydrides D. Mosher, X. Tang, S. Arsenault, B. Laube, M. Cao, R. Brown, S. Saitta, J. Costello United Technologies Research Center East Hartford, Connecticut Report to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Contract Number: DE-FC36-02AL-67610 December 19, 2006 * * Presented to the DOE and the FreedomCAR & Fuel Partnership Hydrogen Storage Tech Team This presentation does not contain proprietary or confidential information 2 Overview Objective: Identify and overcome the critical technical barriers in developing complex hydride based storage systems, especially those which differ from conventional metal hydride systems, to meet DOE system targets. Approach: Design, fabricate and test a sequence of subscale and full scale

415

2012 Annual Workforce Analysis and Staffing Plan Report - NNSA NA-70  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 7 Annual Workforce Analysis and Staffing Plan Report As of December 31, 2012 Reporting Office: NNSA NA-70 Section One: Current Mission(s) of the Organization and Potential Changes The DNS core mission is to protect NNSA capabilities, facilities, materials, information, and employees. DNS is responsible for managing and funding the security that supports the NNSA missions, with the exception of those missions under the Office of Naval Reactors and the Office of Secure Transportation's (OST) over-the-road operations. DNS also provides unique knowledge and expertise in nuclear security for a broader set of 21st century national security needs that are synergistic with its mission, such as those in nuclear non-proliferation, homeland security, and intelligence. DNS provides the overall

416

Nuclear Sturcture Along the Neutron Dripline: MoNa-LISA and the dinueutron system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nuclei with extreme neutron-to-proton ratios were found to present different structures from what was known for the stable ones. With the current facilities we can now study nuclei that lie even beyond the neutron drip line. At the National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory at Michigan State University we use the MoNA/Sweeper setup to perform such studies of neutron unbound nuclei. In a typical experiment, a radioactive beam is employed to produce the nucleus of interest. This unbound nucleus immediately decays into a neutron and a remaining charged fragment, both of which are detected and used to reconstruct the original nucleus and study its properties. In this Colloquium, new exciting findings from recent experiments will be presented. These include the first observation of a dineutron decay from 16Be, the exploration of the south shore of the Island of Inversion and the first evidence of the decay of the troubling nucleus 26O.

Spyou, Artemis [Michigan State Univeristy

2012-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

417

The Large-Angle Photon Veto System for the NA62 Experiment at CERN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AbstractThe branching ratio (BR) for the decay K + ? ? + ? ? is a sensitive probe for new physics. The NA62 experiment at the CERN SPS will measure this BR to within about 10%. To reject the dominant background from channels with final state photons, the large-angle vetoes (LAVs) must detect photons of energy as low as 200 MeV with an inefficiency of less than 10 ?4, as well as provide energy and time measurements with resolutions of 10 % and 1 ns for 1 GeV photons. The LAV detectors make creative reuse of lead glass blocks recycled from the OPAL electromagnetic calorimeter barrel. We describe the mechanical design and challenges faced during construction, the characterization of the lead glass blocks and solutions adopted for monitoring their performance, and the development of front-end electronics to allow simultaneous time and energy measurements over an extended dynamic range using the time-over-threshold

F. Ambrosino; B. Angelucci; A. Antonelli; F. Costantini; R. Fantechi; S. Gallorini; S. Giudici; E. Leonardi; I. Mannelli; P. Massarotti; M. Moulson; M. Napolitano; V. Palladino; F. Rafaelli; M. Raggi; G. Saracino; M. Serra; T. Spadaro; P. Valente; S. Venditti; F. Ambrosino; P. Massarotti; M. Napolitano

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Discrete Properties of Intrinsic Localized Modes Observed in the High Temperature Vibrational Spectrum of NaI  

SciTech Connect

Inelastic neutron measurements of the high temperature lattice excitations in NaI show surprising features. In thermal equilibrium at 555 K an intrinsic mode, localized in three dimensions, is observed at a single frequency near the center of the spectral phonon gap, polarized along [111]. At higher temperatures mixing between the intrinsic localized mode and the zone boundary TO mode is observed. Higher energy inelastic neutron and x-ray scattering measurements on a room temperature NaI crystal indicate that the creation energy of the ground state of the intrinsic localized mode is 299 meV.

Manley, M E; Sievers, A J; Lynn, J W; Kiselev, S A; Agladze, N I; Chen, Y; Llobet, A; Alatas, A

2008-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

419

X-ray and electron diffraction studies of superlattices and long-range three-dimensional Na ordering in gamma-Na[subscript x]CoO[subscript 2] (x=0.71 and 0.84)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have recently demonstrated that x=0.71 and 0.84 are the two most stable single-phase compounds above x=0.5 in gamma-Na[subscript x]CoO[subscript 2] [G. J. Shu et al., Phys. Rev. B 76, 184115 (2007); F. C. Chou et al., ...

Chou, F. C.

420

Use of the discrete variable representation in the quantum dynamics by a wave packet propagation: Predissociation of NaI(/sup 1/. sigma. /sup +//sub 0/). -->. NaI(0/sup +/). -->. Na(/sup 2/S)+I(/sup 2/P)  

SciTech Connect

Using the Gauss--Chebyshev discrete variable representation (DVR), the dissociative quantum dynamics for a wave packet evolving under the influence of the Hamiltonian for two interacting diabatic states of a diatomic molecule is calculated. The split time evolution operator method is used to obtain the solutions to the time-dependent Schroedinger equation. A specific example of the numerical calculation is shown for the predissociation process of NaI..-->..Na(/sup 2/S)+I(/sup 2/P) from its first excited electronic state (0/sup +/). The numerical results are compared with the experimental observations from the femtosecond laser photofragmentation, recently reported by Zewail and co-workers.

Choi, S.E.; Light, J.C.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1967-2012 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Roles of double salt formation and NaNO{sub 3} in Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3}-promoted MgO absorbent for intermediate temperature CO{sub 2} removal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Absorption and desorption of carbon dioxide on Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3}-promoted MgO have been studied at temperatures compatible with warm gas cleanup (300470 ?C) from a pre-combustion syngas. The absorbents are synthesized through the formation and activation of the precipitate resulting from the addition of sodium carbonate to an aqueous solution of magnesium nitrate. The absorbent, which comprises MgO, Na{sub 2CO{sub 3} and residual NaNO{sub 3} after activation, forms the double salt Na{sub 2}Mg(CO{sub 3}){sub 2} on exposure to CO{sub 2}. The thermodynamic properties of the double salt, obtained through computational calculation, predict that the preferred temperature range for absorption of CO{sub 2} with the double salt is significantly higher compared with MgO. Faster CO{sub 2} uptake can be achieved as a result of this higher temperature absorption window. Absorption tests indicate that the double salt absorbent as prepared has a capacity toward CO{sub 2} of 15 wt.% (3.4 mmol CO{sub 2}/g absorbent) and can be easily regenerated through both pressure swing and temperature swing absorption in multiple-cycle tests. Thermodynamic calculations also predict an important effect of CO{sub 2} partial pressure on the absorption capacity in the warm temperature range. The impurity phase, NaNO{sub 3}, is identified as a key component in facilitating CO{sub 2} absorption by these materials. The reason for reported difficulties in reproducing the performance of these materials can be traced to specific details of the synthesis method, which are reviewed in some detail.

Keling Zhanga,b, Xiaohong S. Li c, Yuhua Duand, David L. Kingc,?, Prabhakar Singha,b, Liyu Li

2012-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

422

Post-Closure Groundwater Monitoring Plan for the 1324-N Surface Impoundment and 1324-NA Percolation Pond  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 1324-N Surface Impoundment and the 1324-NA Percolation Pond, located in the 100-N Area of the Hanford Site, are regulated under the Resource Consevation and Recovery Act (RCRA). Surface and underground features of the facilities have been removed and laboratory analyses showed that soil met the closure performance standards. These sites have been backfilled and revegetated.

Hartman, Mary J.

2004-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

423

Investigation of superconducting and non-superconducting phases of Na?̣?CoO?1.3H?0  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The discovery of unconventional superconductivity in hydrated Na?̣?CoO?1.3H?0 has lead to active research work on the material over the last year due to its similarities and possible insight into the high-T[sub]c copper ...

Garcia, Daniel Robert, 1982-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Oklahoma" Oklahoma" "Number of Entities",3,62,1,31,"NA","NA","NA",97 "Number of Retail Customers",1251715,197786,1,491439,"NA","NA","NA",1940941 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",41412,5040,3,11390,"NA","NA","NA",57846 "Percentage of Retail Sales",71.59,8.71,0.01,19.69,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",2984,399,"*",1007,"NA","NA","NA",4390 "Percentage of Revenue",67.98,9.1,"*",22.93,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",7.21,7.92,0.03,8.84,"NA","NA","NA",7.59

425

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Indiana" Indiana" "Number of Entities",6,72,"NA",41,1,"NA","NA",120 "Number of Retail Customers",2307816,259886,"NA",535610,1,"NA","NA",3103313 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",84987,7864,"NA",12852,291,"NA","NA",105994 "Percentage of Retail Sales",80.18,7.42,"NA",12.13,0.27,"NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",6239,624,"NA",1263,1,"NA","NA",8127 "Percentage of Revenue",76.76,7.68,"NA",15.54,0.01,"NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",7.34,7.94,"NA",9.83,0.24,"NA","NA",7.67

426

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Arizona" Arizona" "Number of Entities",5,29,3,9,"NA","NA","NA",46 "Number of Retail Customers",1618443,1041383,19581,182453,"NA","NA","NA",2861860 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",40109,28821,1112,2790,"NA","NA","NA",72832 "Percentage of Retail Sales",55.07,39.57,1.53,3.83,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",4011,2666,54,328,"NA","NA","NA",7059 "Percentage of Revenue",56.82,37.77,0.77,4.64,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",10,9.25,4.89,11.75,"NA","NA","NA",9.69

427

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Mississippi" Mississippi" "Number of Entities",2,23,1,25,"NA","NA","NA",51 "Number of Retail Customers",623149,134283,8,724023,"NA","NA","NA",1481463 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",23467,4078,3887,18256,"NA","NA","NA",49687 "Percentage of Retail Sales",47.23,8.21,7.82,36.74,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",1894,368,174,1834,"NA","NA","NA",4271 "Percentage of Revenue",44.36,8.62,4.08,42.94,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",8.07,9.03,4.48,10.04,"NA","NA","NA",8.59

428

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Alabama" Alabama" "Number of Entities",1,36,1,24,"NA","NA","NA",62 "Number of Retail Customers",1436229,523894,22,541977,"NA","NA","NA",2502122 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",55974,17463,5700,11725,"NA","NA","NA",90863 "Percentage of Retail Sales",61.6,19.22,6.27,12.9,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",5076,1485,278,1236,"NA","NA","NA",8075 "Percentage of Revenue",62.86,18.39,3.44,15.31,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",9.07,8.51,4.87,10.54,"NA","NA","NA",8.89

429

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Kentucky" Kentucky" "Number of Entities",5,30,1,24,"NA","NA","NA",60 "Number of Retail Customers",1220486,208100,22,806376,"NA","NA","NA",2234984 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",44118,6900,15348,27203,"NA","NA","NA",93569 "Percentage of Retail Sales",47.15,7.37,16.4,29.07,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",3087,539,699,1975,"NA","NA","NA",6300 "Percentage of Revenue",49,8.56,11.09,31.35,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",7,7.82,4.55,7.26,"NA","NA","NA",6.73

430

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Kansas" Kansas" "Number of Entities",4,118,1,29,"NA","NA","NA",152 "Number of Retail Customers",935565,234282,7,286577,"NA","NA","NA",1456431 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",26868,6983,24,6546,"NA","NA","NA",40421 "Percentage of Retail Sales",66.47,17.27,0.06,16.2,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",2159,557,1,657,"NA","NA","NA",3374 "Percentage of Revenue",64,16.49,0.03,19.48,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",8.04,7.97,4.07,10.04,"NA","NA","NA",8.35

431

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Wyoming" Wyoming" "Number of Entities",5,13,1,17,"NA","NA","NA",36 "Number of Retail Customers",193231,34309,7,98475,"NA","NA","NA",326022 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",11164,651,32,5266,"NA","NA","NA",17113 "Percentage of Retail Sales",65.24,3.8,0.19,30.77,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",660,53,1,347,"NA","NA","NA",1061 "Percentage of Revenue",62.21,5.04,0.07,32.67,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",5.91,8.21,2.45,6.58,"NA","NA","NA",6.2

432

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Texas" Texas" "Number of Entities",77,72,"NA",67,9,"NA","NA",225 "Number of Retail Customers",7476159,1722007,"NA",1925881,9,"NA","NA",11124056 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",262289,47979,"NA",42319,5871,"NA","NA",358458 "Percentage of Retail Sales",73.17,13.38,"NA",11.81,1.64,"NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",24545,4189,"NA",4306,456,"NA","NA",33497 "Percentage of Revenue",73.28,12.51,"NA",12.85,1.36,"NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",9.36,8.73,"NA",10.17,7.78,"NA","NA",9.34

433

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Mexico" Mexico" "Number of Entities",3,8,1,20,"NA","NA","NA",32 "Number of Retail Customers",706231,84208,29,206182,"NA","NA","NA",996650 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",15121,2164,301,4843,"NA","NA","NA",22428 "Percentage of Retail Sales",67.42,9.65,1.34,21.59,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",1270,174,5,433,"NA","NA","NA",1883 "Percentage of Revenue",67.44,9.25,0.29,23.02,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",8.4,8.05,1.81,8.95,"NA","NA","NA",8.4

434

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Utah" Utah" "Number of Entities",1,40,1,9,"NA","NA","NA",51 "Number of Retail Customers",796908,227176,10,44289,"NA","NA","NA",1068383 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",22477,4426,61,1080,"NA","NA","NA",28044 "Percentage of Retail Sales",80.15,15.78,0.22,3.85,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",1516,356,2,74,"NA","NA","NA",1948 "Percentage of Revenue",77.86,18.26,0.1,3.78,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",6.75,8.04,3.09,6.82,"NA","NA","NA",6.9

435

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Arkansas" Arkansas" "Number of Entities",4,15,"NA",17,1,"NA","NA",37 "Number of Retail Customers",876919,182051,"NA",475234,1,"NA","NA",1534205 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",29167,6166,"NA",12847,14,"NA","NA",48194 "Percentage of Retail Sales",60.52,12.79,"NA",26.66,0.03,"NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",2101,450,"NA",955,1,"NA","NA",3507 "Percentage of Revenue",59.92,12.82,"NA",27.24,0.02,"NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",7.2,7.29,"NA",7.44,3.8,"NA","NA",7.28

436

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

North Dakota" North Dakota" "Number of Entities",3,12,1,21,"NA","NA","NA",37 "Number of Retail Customers",221192,11117,26,155283,"NA","NA","NA",387618 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",5593,273,189,6901,"NA","NA","NA",12956 "Percentage of Retail Sales",43.17,2.11,1.46,53.26,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",404,19,6,491,"NA","NA","NA",921 "Percentage of Revenue",43.89,2.1,0.66,53.36,"NA","NA","NA",100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",7.23,7.08,3.19,7.12,"NA","NA","NA",7.11

437

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Low-Percentage Hydrogen/CNG Blend Ford F-150 Operating Summary - January 2003  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over the past two years, Arizona Public Service, a subsidiary of Pinnacle West Capital Corporation, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity, tested four gaseous fuel vehicles as part of its alternative fueled vehicle fleet. One vehicle operated initially using compressed natural gas (CNG) and later a blend of CNG and hydrogen. Of the other three vehicles, one was fueled with pure hydrogen and two were fueled with a blend of CNG and hydrogen. The three blended-fuel vehicles were originally equipped with either factory CNG engines or factory gasoline engines that were converted to run CNG fuel. The vehicles were variously modified to operate on blended fuel and were tested using 15 to 50% blends of hydrogen (by volume). The pure-hydrogen-fueled vehicle was converted from gasoline fuel to operate on 100% hydrogen. All vehicles were fueled from the Arizona Public Service's Alternative Fuel Pilot Plant, which was developed to dispense gaseous fuels, including CNG, blends of CNG and hydrogen, and pure hydrogen with up to 99.9999% purity. The primary objective of the test was to evaluate the safety and reliability of operating vehicles on hydrogen and blended hydrogen fuel, and the interface between the vehicles and the hydrogen fueling infrastructure. A secondary objective was to quantify vehicle emissions, cost, and performance. Over a total of 40,000 fleet test miles, no safety issues were found. Also, significant reductions in emissions were achieved by adding hydrogen to the fuel. This report presents results of 16,942 miles of testing for one of the blended fuel vehicles, a Ford F-150 pickup truck, operating on up to 30% hydrogen/70% CNG fuel.

Karner, D.; Francfort, J.E.

2003-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

438

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: High-Percentage Hydrogen/CNG Blend Ford F-150 Operating Summary - January 2003  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over the past two years, Arizona Public Service, a subsidiary of Pinnacle West Capital Corporation, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity, tested four gaseous fuel vehicles as part of its alternative fueled vehicle fleet. One vehicle operated initially using compressed natural gas (CNG) and later a blend of CNG and hydrogen. Of the other three vehicles, one was fueled with pure hydrogen and two were fueled with a blend of CNG and hydrogen. The three blended-fuel vehicles were originally equipped with either factory CNG engines or factory gasoline engines that were converted to run CNG fuel. The vehicles were variously modified to operate on blended fuel and were tested using 15 to 50% blends of hydrogen (by volume). The pure-hydrogen-fueled vehicle was converted from gasoline fuel to operate on 100% hydrogen. All vehicles were fueled from the Arizona Public Service's Alternative Fuel Pilot Plant, which was developed to dispense gaseous fuels, including CNG, blends of CNG and hydrogen, and pure hydrogen with up to 99.9999% purity. The primary objective of the test was to evaluate the safety and reliability of operating vehicles on hydrogen and blended fuel, and the interface between the vehicles and the hydrogen fueling infrastructure. A secondary objective was to quantify vehicle emissions, cost, and performance. Over a total of 40,000 fleet test miles, no safety issues were found. Also, significant reductions in emissions were achieved by adding hydrogen to the fuel. This report presents the results of 4,695 miles of testing for one of the blended fuel vehicles, a Ford F-150 pickup truck, operating on up to 50% hydrogen-50% CNG fuel.

Karner, D.; Francfort, J.E.

2003-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

439

Strategies for demonstration and early deployment of carbon capture and storage : a technical and economic assessment of capture percentage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is a critical technology for reducing greenhouse gas emissions from electricity production by coal-fired power plants. However, full capture (capture of nominally 90% of emissions) has ...

Hildebrand, Ashleigh Nicole

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Formation of mesoporous materials from silica dissolved in various NaOH concentrations: effect of pH and ionic strength  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe the effects of NaOH/SiO2 ratio and pH on the formation of mesoporous materials, which was synthesized via an alkalimetal hydroxide fusion method, from amorphous silica dissolved in NaOH. Physical properties (e.g., specific surface ...

Jayhyun Park; Yosep Han; Hyunjung Kim

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1967-2012 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

N/Z and N/A dependence of balance energy as a probe of symmetry energy in heavy-ion collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the N/Z and N/A dependence of balance energy (E$_{bal}$) for isotopic series of Ca having N/Z (N/A) varying from 1.0 to 2.0 (0.5 to 0.67). We show that the N/Z (N/A) dependence of E$_{bal}$ is sensitive to symmetry energy and its density dependence at densities higher than saturation density and is insensitive towards the isospin dependence of nucleon-nucleon (nn) cross section and Coulomb repulsion. We also study the effect of momentum dependent interactions (MDI) on the N/Z (N/A) dependence of E$_{bal}$. We find that although MDI influences the E$_{bal}$ drastically, the N/Z (N/A) dependence of E$_{bal}$ remains unchanged on inclusion of MDI.

Aman D. Sood

2010-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

442

Examination of Na-Doped Mo Sputtering for CIGS Devices: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-10-375  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This work has investigated the use of Na doped Mo (MONA) sputtering targets for use in preparing CIGS devices. The Mo:Na material is doped to about 3% Na by weight, implying that a 40 nm layer on top of the standard Mo contact contains sufficient Na to dope a 2.5 ..mu..m CIGS film. The ability to control Na doping independent of both CIGS processing conditions and adhesion is an important gain for industry and research. Manufacturers gain a route to increased manufacturability and performance, while NREL researchers gain a tightened performance distribution of devices and increased process flexibility. Our immediate partner in this work, the Climax Molybdenum Technology Center, gains validation of their product.

Repins, I.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

NA Standards | Refinement Parameters | X-PLOR param file for high  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the file for different bond distances and angles of C2'and C3'-endo the file for different bond distances and angles of C2'and C3'-endo remark K= scale*(kT/sigma**2), scales=Base 0.1875, Sugar 0.566, Phos 1.548 ! removed references to CA, CF, CS, MG, NH3, OS (ATB 12/30/94) ! removed TIP3 water model (ATB 12/30/94) ! mapped NA->NNA, CH3E->CC3E (ATB 12/30/94) ! G.PARKINSON, J.VOJTECHOVSKY, L.CLOWNEY, A.T.BRUNGER ! H.M.BERMAN ! NEW PARAMETERS FOR THE REFINEMENT OF NUCLEIC ACID CONTAINING ! STRUCTURES ! ACTA CRYST.D (1996) v. 52 57-64 set echo=false end !the generic bonds were taken from param11.dna with 3*kq bond C5R OH 876.000 1.4300 ! 5' end bond C5D OH 876.000 1.4300 ! 5' end bond C3R OH 876.000 1.4300 ! 3' end bond C3D OH 876.000 1.4300 ! 3' end bond HHO O2R 1350.000 0.9572 !Mod HO to HHO 05/15/96

444

A comparison of equilibrium and non-equilibrium cycle methods for Na-cooled ATW system.  

SciTech Connect

An equilibrium cycle method, embodied in the REBUS-3[1] code system, has generally been used in conventional fast reactor design activities. The equilibrium cycle method provides an efficient approach for modeling reactor system, compared to the more traditional non-equilibrium cycle fuel management calculation approach. Recently, the equilibrium analysis method has been utilized for designing Accelerator Transmutation of Waste (ATW)[2,3,4] cores, in which a scattered-reloading fuel management scheme is used. Compared with the conventional fast reactors, the ATW core is significantly different in several aspects since its main mission is to incinerate the transuranic (TRU) fuels. The high burnup non-fertile fuel has large variations in composition and reactivity during its lifetime. Furthermore, a relatively short cycle length is utilized in the ATW design to limit the potentially large reactivity swing over a cycle, and consequently 7 or 8-batch fuel management is usually assumed for a high fuel burnup. The validity of the equilibrium analysis method for the ATW core, therefore, needed to be verified. The main objective of this paper is to assess the validity of the equilibrium analysis method for a Na-cooled ATW core[4], which is an alternative core design of the ATW system under development.

Kim, Y.; Hill, R. N.; Taiwo, T. A.

2002-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

445

Short-lived isotopes and 23Na production in low mass AGB Stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the synthesis of some short-lived isotopes and of 23Na in thermally pulsing AGB stars with initial mass of 2 Msun and two different metallicities (Z=1.5e-2, corresponding to the metal amount in the Sun, and Z=1e-4), representative of disk and halo stars, respectively. The different nucleosynthesis channels are illustrated in some details. As previously found, the 13C formed after each third dredge up episode is usually completely consumed by alpha captures before the onset of the subsequent thermal pulse, releasing neutrons. This is the most efficient neutron source in low mass AGB stars and the resulting s-process nucleosynthesis is at the origin of the solar main component. However, in the solar metallicity model, we find that the temperature of the first formed 13C pocket remains too low during the interpulse and the 13C is not completely burnt, being partially engulfed in the convective zone generated by the following thermal pulse. Due to the rapid convective mixing in this zone, the 13C is ex...

Cristallo, S; Straniero, O; Piersanti, L; Dominguez, I

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Short-lived isotopes and 23Na production in low mass AGB Stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the synthesis of some short-lived isotopes and of 23Na in thermally pulsing AGB stars with initial mass of 2 Msun and two different metallicities (Z=1.5e-2, corresponding to the metal amount in the Sun, and Z=1e-4), representative of disk and halo stars, respectively. The different nucleosynthesis channels are illustrated in some details. As previously found, the 13C formed after each third dredge up episode is usually completely consumed by alpha captures before the onset of the subsequent thermal pulse, releasing neutrons. This is the most efficient neutron source in low mass AGB stars and the resulting s-process nucleosynthesis is at the origin of the solar main component. However, in the solar metallicity model, we find that the temperature of the first formed 13C pocket remains too low during the interpulse and the 13C is not completely burnt, being partially engulfed in the convective zone generated by the following thermal pulse. Due to the rapid convective mixing in this zone, the 13C is exposed to a larger temperature and a nucleosynthesis characterized by a relatively high neutron density develops. The main effect is the strong enhancement of isotopes located beyond some critical branching in the neutron-capture path, like 60Fe, otherwise only marginally produced during a standard s-process nucleosynthesis.

S. Cristallo; R. Gallino; O. Straniero; L. Piersanti; I. Dominguez

2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

447

Comparison of LaBr3:Ce and NaI(Tl) Scintillators for Radio-Isotope Identification Devices  

SciTech Connect

Lanthanum halide (LaBr3:Ce) scintillators offer significantly better resolution (<3 percent at 662 kilo-electron volt [keV]) relative to sodium iodide (NaI(Tl)) and have recently become commercially available in sizes large enough for the hand-held radio-isotope identification device (RIID) market. There are drawbacks to lanthanum halide detectors, however. These include internal radioactivity that contributes to spectral counts and a low-energy response that can cause detector resolution to be lower than that of NaI(Tl) below 100 keV. To study the potential of this new material for RIIDs, we performed a series of measurements comparing a 1.5?1.5 inch LaBr?3:Ce detector with an Exploranium GR 135 RIID, which contains a 1.5-2.2 inch NaI(Tl) detector. Measurements were taken for short time frames, as typifies RIID usage. Measurements included examples of naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM), typically found in cargo, and special nuclear materials. Some measurements were noncontact, involving short distances or cargo shielding scenarios. To facilitate direct comparison, spectra from the different detectors were analyzed with the same isotope identification software (ORTEC ScintiVision TM). In general, the LaBr3:Ce detector was able to find more peaks and find them faster than the NaI(Tl) detector. To the same level of significance, the LaBr3:Ce detector was usually two to three times faster. The notable exception was for 40K containing NORM where interfering internal contamination in the LaBr3:Ce detector exist. NaI(Tl) consistently outperformed LaBr3:Ce for this important isotope. LaBr3:Ce currently costs much more than NaI(Tl), though this cost-difference is expected to diminish (but not completely) with time. As is true of all detectors, LaBr3:Ce will need to be gain-stabilized for RIID applications. This could possibly be done using the internal contaminants themselves. It is the experience of the authors that peak finding software in RIIDs needs to be improved, regardless of the detector material.

Milbrath, Brian D.; Choate, Bethany J.; Fast, Jim E.; Hensley, Walter K.; Kouzes, Richard T.; Schweppe, John E.

2006-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

448

Hydrothermal synthesis and the crystal structure of borate cancrinite (Na,Ca){sub 2}[Na{sub 6}(AlSiO{sub 4}){sub 6}](BO{sub 3}) . 2H{sub 2}O  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Transparent prismatic single crystals of borate cancrinite (Na,Ca){sub 2}[Na{sub 6}(AlSiO{sub 4}){sub 6}](BO{sub 3}) . 2H{sub 2}O are prepared through hydrothermal crystallization. The parameters of the hexagonal unit cell and intensities of 10806 reflections are measured on an Enraf-Nonius CAD4 automated diffractometer. The compound crystallizes in the hexagonal crystal system with the unit cell parameters a = 12.745(4) A, c = 5.180(2) A, V = 728.6(4) A{sup 3}, and space group P6{sub 3}. The structure is determined by direct methods and refined using the full-matrix least-squares procedure in the anisotropic approximation for the non-hydrogen atoms. The refinement of the structure is performed to the final discrepancy factor R{sub 1} = 0.027 for 2889 unique reflections with I > 2 {sigma} (I). In the structure of the borate cancrinite, the AlO{sub 4} and SiO{sub 4} tetrahedra form a zeolite-like framework in which twelve-membered hexagonal channels are occupied by sodium atoms and BO{sub 3} groups, whereas six-membered channels are filled with sodium and calcium atoms and water molecules. The mean interatomic distances are found to be as follows: (Si-O){sub mean} = 1.614 A and (Al-O){sub mean} = 1.741 A in the AlO{sub 4} and SiO{sub 4} tetrahedra, (Na-O){sub mean} = 2.542 A in the seven-vertex sodium polyhedra, and [(Na,Ca)-O]{sub mean} = 2.589 A in the ditrigonal bipyramids.

Shirinova, A. F. [Baku State University (Azerbaijan)], E-mail: afashf@rambler.ru; Khrustalev, V. N. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Nesmeyanov Institute of Organoelement Compounds (Russian Federation); Samedov, H. R. [National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Institute of Chemical Problems (Azerbaijan); Chiragov, M. I. [Baku State University (Azerbaijan)

2006-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

449

The electrorheology of suspensions consisting of Na-Fluorohectorite synthetic clay particles in silicon oil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Under application of an electric field greater than a triggering electric field $E_c \\sim 0.4$ kV/mm, suspensions obtained by dispersing particles of the synthetic clay fluoro-hectorite in a silicon oil, aggregate into chain- and/or column-like structures parallel to the applied electric field. This micro-structuring results in a transition in the suspensions' rheological behavior, from a Newtonian-like behavior to a shear-thinning rheology with a significant yield stress. This behavior is studied as a function of particle volume fraction and strength of the applied electric field, $E$. The steady shear flow curves are observed to scale onto a master curve with respect to $E$, in a manner similar to what was recently found for suspensions of laponite clay [42]. In the case of Na-fluorohectorite, the corresponding dynamic yield stress is demonstrated to scale with respect to $E$ as a power law with an exponent $\\alpha \\sim 1.93$, while the static yield stress inferred from constant shear stress tests exhibits a similar behavior with $\\alpha \\sim 1.58$. The suspensions are also studied in the framework of thixotropic fluids: the bifurcation in the rheology behavior when letting the system flow and evolve under a constant applied shear stress is characterized, and a bifurcation yield stress, estimated as the applied shear stress at which viscosity bifurcation occurs, is measured to scale as $E^\\alpha$ with $\\alpha \\sim 0.5$ to 0.6. All measured yield stresses increase with the particle fraction $\\Phi$ of the suspension. For the static yield stress, a scaling law $\\Phi^\\beta$, with $\\beta = 0.54$, is found. The results are found to be reasonably consistent with each other. Their similarities with-, and discrepancies to- results obtained on laponite-oil suspensions are discussed.

Y. Mheust; K. P. S. Parmar; B. Schjelderupsen; J. O. Fossum

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

A new measurement of the $K^\\pm\\to?^\\pm??$ decay at the NA48/2 experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The NA48/2 experiment at CERN collected two data samples with minimum bias trigger conditions in 2003 and 2004. A measurement of the rate and dynamic properties of the rare decay $K^\\pm\\to\\pi^\\pm\\gamma\\gamma$ from these data sets based on 149 decay candidates with an estimated background of $15.5\\pm0.7$ events is reported.

NA48/2 collaboration

2013-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

451

Nanoscale modulations in (KLa)(CaW)O-6 and (NaLa)(CaW)O-6  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Complex nanoscale modulations are identified in two new A-site ordered perovskites, (KLa)(CaW)O{sub 6} and (NaLa)(CaW)O{sub 6}. In (KLa)(CaW)O{sub 6}, selected-area electron diffraction (SAED) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) show an incommensurate nanocheckerboard modulation with {approx}9.4 x 9.4 a{sub p} periodicity (a{sub p} {approx} 4 {angstrom} for the cubic perovskite aristotype). For (NaLa)(CaW)O{sub 6} a one-dimensional modulation is observed with a {approx}16(1 1 0)a{sub p} repeat; the orientation of the nanostripes is different from the stripes observed in other mixed A-site systems. Studies using high temperature x-ray diffraction suggest the formation of the complex modulations is associated with small deviations from the ideal 1:1:1:1 stoichiometry of the (A{sup +}La{sup 3+})(CaW)O{sub 6} phases. Z-contrast images acquired on an aberration-corrected microscope provide evidence for deviations from stoichiometry with a {approx}1:15 periodic arrangement of La{sub 4/3}(CaW)O{sub 6}:(NaLa)(CaW)O{sub 6} nano-phases.

Licurse, Mark [University of Pennsylvania; Borisevich, Albina Y [ORNL; Davies, Peter [University of Pennsylvania

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

A Distribuição Espacial e Variabilidade Interanual do Fogo na Amazônia  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 a 60. 3 a 60. 1 A Distribuição Espacial e Variabilidade Interanual do Fogo na Amazônia Wilfrid Schroeder, 1 Ane Alencar, 2 Eugênio Arima, 3 e Alberto Setzer 4 Evidências a partir de observações de carvão sugerem baixa frequência de eventos de fogo causadores de alteração das florestas amazônicas no período anterior ao século vinte. Entretanto, a distribuição espacial e temporal do fogo mudou drasticamente nas últimas décadas. O fogo tornou-se uma das forças motrizes do uso da terra e da mudança da cobertura vegetal na Amazônia. A crescente intervenção humana na região, juntamente com anomalias climáticas, expuseram as florestas tropicais a um número sem precedentes de fogos em vegetação com consequências importantes para o funcionamento do complexo sistema

453

Electrochemical and structural characterization of titanium-substituted manganese oxides based on Na0.44MnO2  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A series of titanium-substituted manganese oxides, Li{sub x}Ti{sub y}Mn{sub 1-y}O{sub 2} (y = 0.11, 0.22, 0.33, 0.44, and 0.55) with the Na{sub 0.44}MnO{sub 2} structure were prepared from Na{sub x}Ti{sub y}Mn{sub 1-y}O{sub 2} (x {approx} 0.44) precursors. The electrochemical characteristics of these compounds, which retain the unique double-tunnel structure during ion exchange, were examined in lithium/polymer electrolyte cells operating at 85 C. All of the substituted cathode materials intercalated lithium reversibly, with Li{sub x}Ti{sub 0.22}Mn{sub 0.78}O{sub 2} exhibiting the highest capacity in polymer cells, about 10-20% greater than that of unsubstituted Li{sub x}MnO{sub 2} made from Na{sub 0.44}MnO{sub 2}. In common with Li{sub x}MnO{sub 2}, the Ti-substituted materials exhibited good capacity retention over one hundred or more cycles, with some compositions exhibiting a fade rate of less than 0.03% per cycle.

Doeff, Marca M.; Richardson, Thomas J.; Hwang, Kwang-Taek

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Mississippi Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

12.48 9.48 8.75 7.99 7.35 1967-2012 Industrial 8.28 10.37 6.65 6.19 5.83 4.61 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel -- -- -- -- -- 1994-2011 Electric Power 7.43 9.62 W W 4.32 2.91 1997-2012 Dry...

455

Alabama Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

14.94 13.34 12.37 12.71 1967-2012 Industrial 8.70 10.57 6.48 6.64 5.56 4.32 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel -- 17.32 19.17 16.24 11.45 1990-2011 Electric Power 7.19 10.03 4.30 4.85 4.36...

456

Washington Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

12.26 10.49 10.40 9.84 1967-2012 Industrial 9.79 10.55 11.68 9.37 9.47 8.70 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel 6.66 15.43 11.98 12.89 9.88 1990-2011 Electric Power 6.15 8.56 5.29 5.52 W W...

457

Tennessee Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

13.01 10.67 9.39 9.04 8.32 1967-2012 Industrial 9.32 10.81 7.09 6.64 6.15 4.84 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel 13.91 11.79 8.74 8.16 12.32 1990-2011 Electric Power W W 4.70 5.04 4.64 2.90...

458

Minnesota Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

10.52 7.96 7.60 7.46 6.34 1967-2012 Industrial 7.65 9.05 5.66 5.58 5.55 4.29 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel 12.78 19.51 18.72 16.49 10.55 1993-2011 Electric Power W 9.23 W W W W...

459

Idaho Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

10.28 9.77 8.21 8.09 7.45 1967-2012 Industrial 9.39 9.18 8.53 6.39 6.36 5.74 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel 11.42 12.45 9.33 7.51 3.33 1994-2011 Electric Power W W W W W W 2001-2012...

460

Michigan Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

10.66 9.38 8.95 9.14 8.34 1967-2012 Industrial 9.47 10.26 9.63 9.25 8.27 7.42 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel -- -- -- -- -- 1990-2011 Electric Power 6.63 8.75 4.55 4.97 4.76 3.23...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "na 1967-2012 percentage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Wyoming Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8.87 8.01 7.13 7.29 6.92 1967-2012 Industrial 6.61 7.55 5.79 4.91 5.57 4.07 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel 5.79 6.51 5.79 10.08 11.96 1991-2011 Electric Power W W W W W W 1997-2012 Dry...

462

Hydrothermal synthesis and luminescent properties of NaLa(MoO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Dy{sup 3+} phosphor  

SciTech Connect

Pompon-like NaLa(MoO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Dy{sup 3+} phosphors have been successfully prepared via a hydrothermal method using ammonia as pH value regulator. The hydrothermal process was carried out under aqueous condition without the use of any organic solvent, surfactant, and catalyst. The experimental results demonstrate that the obtained NaLa(MoO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Dy{sup 3+} phosphor powders are single-phase scheelite structure with tetragonal symmetry. Moreover, the phosphor under the excitation of 390 and 456 nm exhibited blue emission (486 nm) and yellow emission (574 nm), corresponding to the {sup 4}F{sub 9/2}{yields}{sup 6}H{sub 15/2} transition and {sup 4}F{sub 9/2}{yields}{sup 6}H{sub 13/2} transition of Dy{sup 3+} ions, respectively. In addition, the yellow-to-blue emission intensity ratio (Y/B) can be changed with the doped concentration of Dy{sup 3+} ions. All chromaticity coordinates of the obtained NaLa(MoO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Dy{sup 3+} phosphors are located in the white-light region. The results indicate that this kind of phosphor may has potential applications in the fields of near UV-excited and blue-excited white LEDs. - Graphical abstract: It can be seen from the SEM images that a pompon-like shape was obtained with an average diameter of about 1 {mu}m, and it is composed of many nanoflakes. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Pompon-like NaLa(MoO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Dy{sup 3+} phosphors have been successfully prepared via a hydrothermal method. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Blue emission at 486 nm and yellow emission at 574 nm were obtained from the samples. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The yellow-to-blue emission intensity ratio (Y/B) can be changed with the doped concentration of Dy{sup 3+} ions. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer NaLa(MoO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Dy{sup 3+} can be efficiently excited by the blue light and the near ultraviolet light.

Li Linlin; Zi Wenwen; Li Guanghuan; Lan Shi; Ji Guijuan [College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130026 (China); Gan Shucai, E-mail: gansc@jlu.edu.cn [College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130026 (China); Zou Haifeng [College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130026 (China); Xu Xuechun [College of Earth Sciences, Jilin University, Changchun 130026 (China)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

463

The Impact of NaH+ Exchange on Long-Term Borosilicate Glass Corrosion: Experiments and Field Observations  

SciTech Connect

New insights from laboratory experiments coupled with field observations indicate that pore water solutions that eventually breach containment materials in disposal systems will interact with sodium-excess borosilicate waste glass in an unexpected way. Because many glass waste forms are relatively sodium-rich, they are especially vulnerable to Na+H+ exchange (ion exchange or simply, IEX). Although the kinetics of this process has been previously investigated for early-stage glass reactions, the implications of IEX for long-term dissolution resistance have not yet been realized. Non-radioactive glass with major- and minor-element chemical compositions similar to Hanford high-Na waste glass were subjected to dissolution experiments to quantify the rates of matrix dissolution and IEX rates. Single-Pass Flow-Through (SPFT) tests quantified the IEX rate at 40C pH = 8 and silica saturation and showed a dependence upon the fraction of excess sodium in the glass. The equation for the rate (in moles of sodium released per meter squared per second) dependence on excess sodium is: log10rate[mol/(m2?s)] = 0.63R + (-11.0); r2 = 0.86 where R = molar Na+/?(M3+). Further, rates of Na release are slower by ?30% in D2O-based solutions compared to those in H2O. These results are the hallmark of IEX reactions. Our results are compared against those from a lysimeter field experiment consisting of glasses buried in Hanford sand and to dissolution experiments conducted with a Pressurized Unsaturated Flow (PUF) apparatus. These longer-term tests indicate an initial decrease in dissolution rate by a factor of 10, and then a constant steady-state rate thereafter. Thus, these data show that IEX reactions are important at near-saturation conditions and effectively prevent dissolution rates from falling below a minimum value. In sum, IEX modifies the long-term behavior of glass dissolution and models cannot assume that dissolution of Na-rich borosilicate glass will decrease by a factor of 100 to 1000, as argued for minerals and less sodic glasses.

Icenhower, Jonathan P.; Pierce, Eric M.; McGrail, B. Peter

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

U.S. Total Stocks  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Crude Oil and Petroleum Products 1,665,345 1,736,739 1,776,375 1,794,099 1,750,087 1,807,777 1956-2012 Crude Oil 983,046 1,027,663 1,051,795 1,059,975 1,026,630 1,060,764 1913-2012 All Oils (Excluding Crude Oil) 682,299 709,076 724,580 734,124 723,457 747,013 1993-2012 Pentanes Plus 10,278 13,775 10,481 12,510 17,596 12,739 1981-2012 Liquefied Petroleum Gases 95,592 113,134 102,147 108,272 111,778 140,529 1967-2012 Ethane/Ethylene 14,869 27,591 20,970 24,323 22,892 35,396 1967-2012 Propane/Propylene 52,007 55,408 50,140 49,241 54,978 67,991 1967-2012 Normal Butane/Butylene 21,862 23,031 24,149 27,652 26,779 28,574 1981-2012 Isobutane/Butylene 6,854 7,104 6,888 7,056 7,129 8,568 1981-2012 Other Hydrocarbons 29 20 41 42 2009-2012

465

NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History U.S. 930,320 953,451 1,024,082 1,066,366 1,134,473 1,250,340 1930-2012 Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2011 Alabama 19,831 17,222 17,232 19,059 17,271 1969-2011 Alaska 26,332 24,337 22,925 20,835 21,554 21,470 1969-2012 Arkansas 162 139 168 213 268 424 1967-2012 California 13,521 13,972 13,722 13,244 12,095 12,755 1967-2012 Colorado 38,180 53,590 67,607 82,637 90,801 1967-2011 Florida 132 22 0 0 0 0 1968-2012 Illinois 48 42 31 345 1,043 0 1967-2012 Indiana 0 0 0 0 0 0 1979-2012

466

Color Blind Animals  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Blind Animals Name: Hillary Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: Are dogs and cats colorblind? If so what is the percentage? Are all animals color blind? Replies: yes,...

467

Brain Usage  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Usage Name: Matt Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: what percentage of the brain does the average human use? Replies: This is a very difficult question to address. Your...

468

Na NMR Evidence for Charge Order and Anomalous Magnetism in NaxCoO2 I. R. Mukhamedshin,1,* H. Alloul,1,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

23 Na NMR Evidence for Charge Order and Anomalous Magnetism in NaxCoO2 I. R. Mukhamedshin,1,* H are studied by 23Na NMR and SQUID magnetometry. In nominal 0:50 x 0:70 solid state reacted samples,6] with the magnetic prop- erties. In a pioneering work, two 59Co NMR signals attributed to nonmagnetic Co3 sites were

Paris-Sud 11, Université de

469

High-pressure stability relations, crystal structures, and physical properties of perovskite and post-perovskite of NaNiF{sub 3}  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NaNiF{sub 3} perovskite was found to transform to post-perovskite at 16-18 GPa and 1273-1473 K. The equilibrium transition boundary is expressed as P (GPa)=-2.0+0.014 Multiplication-Sign T (K). Structure refinements indicated that NaNiF{sub 3} perovskite and post-perovskite have almost regular NiF{sub 6} octahedra consistent with absence of the first-order Jahn-Teller active ions. Both NaNiF{sub 3} perovskite and post-perovskite are insulators. The perovskite underwent a canted antiferromagnetic transition at 156 K, and the post-perovskite antiferromagnetic transition at 22 K. Magnetic exchange interaction of NaNiF{sub 3} post-perovskite is smaller than that of perovskite, reflecting larger distortion of Ni-F-Ni network and lower dimension of octahedral arrangement in post-perovskite than those in perovskite. - Graphical abstract: Perovskite-post-perovskite transition in NaNiF{sub 3} at high pressure Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer NaNiF{sub 3} perovskite (Pv) transforms to post-perovskite (pPv) at 16 GPa and 1300 K. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The equilibrium transition boundary is expressed as P (GPa)=-2.0+0.014 T (K). Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Antiferromagnetic transition occurs at 156 K in Pv and 22 K in pPv.

Shirako, Y. [Department of Chemistry, Gakushuin University, 1-5-1 Mejiro, Toshima-ku, Tokyo 171-8588 (Japan); Superconducting Properties Unit, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Shi, Y.G. [Superconducting Properties Unit, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100190 Beijing (China); Aimi, A.; Mori, D.; Kojitani, H. [Department of Chemistry, Gakushuin University, 1-5-1 Mejiro, Toshima-ku, Tokyo 171-8588 (Japan); Yamaura, K. [Superconducting Properties Unit, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Inaguma, Y. [Department of Chemistry, Gakushuin University, 1-5-1 Mejiro, Toshima-ku, Tokyo 171-8588 (Japan); Akaogi, M., E-mail: masaki.akaogi@gakushuin.ac.jp [Department of Chemistry, Gakushuin University, 1-5-1 Mejiro, Toshima-ku, Tokyo 171-8588 (Japan)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

470

Nanoscale modulations in (KLa)(CaW)O{sub 6} and (NaLa)(CaW)O{sub 6}  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Complex nanoscale modulations are identified in two new A-site ordered perovskites, (KLa)(CaW)O{sub 6} and (NaLa)(CaW)O{sub 6}. In (KLa)(CaW)O{sub 6}, selected-area electron diffraction (SAED) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) show an incommensurate nanocheckerboard modulation with {approx}9.4 Multiplication-Sign 9.4a{sub p} periodicity (a{sub p} Almost-Equal-To 4 A for the cubic perovskite aristotype). For (NaLa)(CaW)O{sub 6} a one-dimensional modulation is observed with a {approx}16(1 1 0)a{sub p} repeat; the Left-Pointing-Angle-Bracket 1 1 0 Right-Pointing-Angle-Bracket orientation of the nanostripes is different from the Left-Pointing-Angle-Bracket 1 0 0 Right-Pointing-Angle-Bracket stripes observed in other mixed A-site systems. Studies using high temperature x-ray diffraction suggest the formation of the complex modulations is associated with small deviations from the ideal 1:1:1:1 stoichiometry of the (A{sup +}La{sup 3+})(CaW)O{sub 6} phases. Z-contrast images acquired on an aberration-corrected microscope provide evidence for deviations from stoichiometry with a {approx}1:15 periodic arrangement of La{sub 4/3}(CaW)O{sub 6}:(NaLa)(CaW)O{sub 6} nano-phases. - Graphical abstract: Complex nanoscale modulations are identified in two new A-site ordered perovskites, (KLa)(CaW)O{sub 6} and (NaLa)(CaW)O{sub 6}. In (KLa)(CaW)O{sub 6}, selected-area electron diffraction and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy show a two-dimensional, nanocheckerboard modulation. For (NaLa)(CaW)O{sub 6} a one-dimensional modulation is observed; the Left-Pointing-Angle-Bracket 1 1 0 Right-Pointing-Angle-Bracket orientation of the nanostripes is different from the Left-Pointing-Angle-Bracket 1 0 0 Right-Pointing-Angle-Bracket stripes observed in other mixed A-site systems. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Two new A-site ordered perovskites were synthesized, (KLa)(CaW)O{sub 6} and (NaLa)(CaW)O{sub 6}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Unusual 1D and 2D nanoscale patterns were observed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Tolerance factor shown to be not enough to predict the observed morphologies. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer High temperature x-ray diffraction data suggests a loss of stoichiometry is related to the modulations. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Z-contrast imaging provides direct evidence for non-stoichiometry and a new model.

Licurse, Mark W., E-mail: mlicurse@seas.upenn.edu [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Pennsylvania, 3231 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104 (United States); Borisevich, Albina Y., E-mail: albinab@ornl.gov [Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States); Davies, Peter K., E-mail: davies@seas.upenn.edu [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Pennsylvania, 3231 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104 (United States)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

471

AlSb thin films as negative electrodes for Li-ion and Na-ion batteries  

SciTech Connect

The electrochemical reactions between Li and Na with amorphous/nanocrystalline AlSb thin films prepared by magnetron sputtering are reported for the first time. The films are composed of AlSb and Sb nanoparticles embedded into an amorphous matrix with an overall Sb/Al ratio of 1.13. The reaction with Li proceeds with an average reaction potential of 0.65 V, a reversible capacity of 750 mAh g-1, and very fast reaction kinetics. For instance, a storage capacity close to 500 mAh g-1, corresponding to 70% of the maximum capacity, is achieved at 125 C-rate. In addition, there is only a small increase in overpotentials with increasing current: ~0.15 V at 12 C and ~0.7 V at 125 C. In contrast, the reaction with Na results in average reaction potential of 0.5 V and a storage capacity of 500 mAh g-1 obtained at low currents. The capacity retention and reaction kinetics are presently not satisfactory with pronounced capacity losses upon cycling and large overpotentials with increasing current. The capacity retention can be improved by using fluoroethylene carbonate additive in the Na-ion electrolyte, which highlights that the Solid Electrolyte Interphase plays an important role for the electrode cycling stability. The reaction kinetics is relatively poor and an increase in overpotentials of about 0.9 V at 2 C is observed (retained capacity of about 350 mAh g-1 or 66% of the maximum). The study of the reaction mechanism on thick films (3-5 m) by X-ray diffraction reveals that the electrode material remains amorphous at all potentials. The presence of broad humps, located at the positions expected for Li-Al and Li-Sb line compounds, suggests that during the reaction with Li the atomic short range ordering is similar to the expected phases.

Baggetto, Loic [ORNL; Marszewski, Michal [Kent State University; Gorka, Joanna [ORNL; Jaroniec, Mietek [Kent State University; Veith, Gabriel M [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Effects of oxygen cover gas and NaOH dilution on gas generation in tank 241-SY-101 waste  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Laboratory studies are reported of gas generation in heated waste from tank 241-SY-101. The rates of gas generation and the compositions of product gas were measured. Three types of tests are compared. The tests use: undiluted waste, waste diluted by a 54% addition of 2.5 M NaOH, and undiluted waste with a reactive cover gas of 30% Oxygen in He. The gas generation rate is reduced by dilution, increased by higher temperatures (which determines activation energies), and increased by reactions of Oxygen (these primarily produce H{sub 2}). Gases are generated as reduction products oxidation of organic carbon species by nitrite and oxygen.

Person, J.C.

1996-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

473

The electrochemical reactions of pure In with Li and Na: anomalous electrolyte decomposition, benefits of FEC additive, phase transitions and electrode performance  

SciTech Connect

Indium thin films are evaluated as an anode material for Li-ion and Na-ion batteries (theoretical capacities of 1012 mAh g-1 for Li and 467 mAh g-1 for Na). The native surface oxides are responsible for the anomalous electrolyte decomposition during the first cycle while oxidized In species are found to be responsible for the electrolyte decomposition during the subsequent cycles. The presence of 5wt% FEC electrolyte additive suppresses the occurrence of the anomalous electrolyte decomposition during the first cycle but is not sufficient to prevent the decomposition upon further cycling from 0 to 2 V. Prevention of the anomalous decomposition can be achieved by restricting the charge cut-off, for instance at 1.1 V, or by using larger amounts of FEC. The In films show moderately good capacity retention with storage capacities when cycled with Li (950 mAh g-1) but significantly less when cycled with Na (125 mAh g-1). XRD data reveal that several known Li-In phases (i.e LiIn, Li3In2, LiIn2 and Li13In3) form during the electrochemical reaction. In contrast, the reaction with Na is severely limited. The largest amount of inserted Na is evidenced for cells short-circuited 40 hrs at 65C, for which the XRD data show the coexistence of NaIn, In, and an unknown phase. During cycling, mechanical degradation due to repeated expansion/shrinkage, evidenced by SEM, coupled with SEI formation is the primary source of the capacity fade. Finally, we show that the In thin films exhibit very high rate capability for both Li (100 C) and Na (30 C).

Hawks, Samantha A [ORNL] [ORNL; Baggetto, Loic [ORNL] [ORNL; Bridges, Craig A [ORNL] [ORNL; Veith, Gabriel M [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

A Expansão da Agricultura Intensiva e Pecuária na Amazônia Brasileira  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

61 a 81. 61 a 81. 1 A Expansão da Agricultura Intensiva e Pecuária na Amazônia Brasileira Robert Walker, 1 Ruth DeFries, 2 Maria Del Carmem Vera-Diaz, 3 Yosio Shimabukuro, 4 e Adriano Venturieri 5 A agropecuária na Amazônia tem, frequentemente, provocado controvérsia em função do imenso valor ecológico do meio ambiente da região. Isso ocorreu, primeiramente, com a pecuária e atualmente com o crescimento acelerado da soja, uso de tratores e criação de gado. Essas atividades têm ocupado terras que, por milênios, sustentaram somente florestas úmidas fechadas, ecossistemas naturais e povos indígenas dispersos. O presente capítulo focaliza a porção brasileira da Bacia Amazônica e trata da expansão da agropecuária nesta região, partindo da premissa de que uma efetiva política de desenvolvimento

475

Branch-shaped NaGdF{sub 4}:Eu{sup 3+} nanocrystals: Selective synthesis, and photoluminescence properties  

SciTech Connect

The branch-shaped NaGdF{sub 4}:Eu{sup 3+} nanocrystals (NCs) were synthesized by using polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) as a capping agent in ethylene glycol (EG) solution. The NCs were readily dispersed into water or ethanol to form a relatively stable suspension, which may facilitate their applications in biological fields. Meanwhile, the crystal structures of the NCs were tunable from the mixture of the {alpha}-(cubic) and {beta}-(hexagonal) phases to the pure {beta}-phase by varying the F{sup -}/Ln{sup 3+} molar ratio or the reaction temperature. The pure {beta}-phase NCs were obtained at relatively high F{sup -}/Ln{sup 3+} molar ratio and reaction temperature. In addition, the Eu{sup 3+}-doping concentration-dependent optical properties of the NaGdF{sub 4}:Eu{sup 3+} NCs were investigated in detail. The result shows that the emissions from high energy level transitions (e.g., {sup 5}D{sub 1}, {sup 5}D{sub 2}, and {sup 5}D{sub 3}) are significantly impaired with increasing the Eu{sup 3+}-doping concentration due to the cross-relaxation process, and the emission at 612 nm is predominant since the doped Eu{sup 3+} ions locate in the crystal fields without inversion center.

Wang Shangbing, E-mail: wsb1978@mail.ustc.edu.cn [School of Metallurgy and Resources, Institute of Molecular Engineering and Applied Chemistry, Anhui University of Technology, Ma'anshan, Anhui, 243002 (China); Li Qing; Pei Lizhai [School of Metallurgy and Resources, Institute of Molecular Engineering and Applied Chemistry, Anhui University of Technology, Ma'anshan, Anhui, 243002 (China); Zhang Qianfeng, E-mail: zhangqf@ahut.edu.cn [School of Metallurgy and Resources, Institute of Molecular Engineering and Applied Chemistry, Anhui University of Technology, Ma'anshan, Anhui, 243002 (China)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

476

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pennsylvania" Pennsylvania" "Number of Entities",11,35,"NA",13,"NA",34,9,102 "Number of Retail Customers",5107864,83621,"NA",217519,"NA",541357,"NA",5950361 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",110574,1449,"NA",2765,"NA",34177,"NA",148964 "Percentage of Retail Sales",74.23,0.97,"NA",1.86,"NA",22.94,"NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",11666,195,"NA",307,"NA",2638,546,15351 "Percentage of Revenue",76,1.27,"NA",2,"NA",17.18,3.55,100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",10.55,13.45,"NA",11.1,"NA",7.72,1.6,10.31

477

"Item","Full Service Providers",,,,,"Other Providers",,"Total"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Massachusetts" Massachusetts" "Number of Entities",5,40,"NA","NA",1,25,6,77 "Number of Retail Customers",2293325,396530,"NA","NA",19,380716,"NA",3070590 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)",23682,7830,"NA","NA",311,25300,"NA",57123 "Percentage of Retail Sales",41.46,13.71,"NA","NA",0.54,44.29,"NA",100 "Revenue from Retail Sales (million dollars)",3372,1046,"NA","NA",39,2336,1352,8145 "Percentage of Revenue",41.4,12.84,"NA","NA",0.48,28.67,16.59,100 "Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)",14.24,13.36,"NA","NA",12.7,9.23,5.34,14.26

478

Energy dependence of identified hadron spectra and event-by-event fluctuations in p+p interactions from NA61/SHINE at the CERN SPS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NA61/SHINE at the CERN SPS is a fixed-target experiment pursuing a rich physics program including measurements for heavy ion, neutrino and cosmic ray physics. The main goal of the ion program is to explore the most interesting $T, mu_{B}$ region of the phase diagram of strongly interacting matter. We plan to study the properties of the onset of deconfinement and to search for the signatures of the critical point. The search is performed by varying collision energy (13A-158A GeV/c) and system size (p+p, Be+Be, Ar+Ca, Xe+La). Thanks to its large acceptance and excellent particle identification capability NA61/SHINE is well suited for performing high-precision particle production measurements as well as for studying event-by-event fluctuations in p+p, p+nucleus and nucleus+nucleus collisions. Preliminary results on p+p interactions at 20, 31, 40, 80 and 158 GeV/c are presented. They include inclusive spectra of pi+, pi-, K- and protons as a function of transverse momentum/mass and rapidity as well as event-by-event fluctuations of transverse momentum, azimuthal angle and chemical composition. The new NA61 measurements are compared with the corresponding results of NA49 on central Pb+Pb collisions and with predictions of Monte Carlo models. Finally, the future plans of NA61/SHINE are summarised.

Maciej Rybczynski

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

479

Cross sections for monitor reactions {sup 27}Al((p, x){sup 24}Na, {sup 27}Al(p, x){sup 22}Na, and {sup 27}Al(p, x){sup 7}Be at proton energies in the range 0.04-2.6 GeV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The cross sections for the monitor reactions {sup 27}Al(p, x){sup 24}Na, {sup 27}Al(p, x){sup 22}Na, and {sup 27}Al(p, x){sup 7}Be at 12 proton energies, 2605, 1598, 1199, 799, 600, 400, 249, 147.6, 97.2, 66.0, 44.6, and 40.8 MeV, have been determined with 72 Multiplication-Sign 72-mm square and 10.5-mm-diameter round aluminum foils. The rates of the reactions of the production of {sup 24}Na, {sup 22}Na, and {sup 7}Be in the foils in each irradiation run have been determined by {gamma} spectrometry, whereas the number of protons transmitted through these foils has been determined using calibrated fast current transformers. The cross sections have been determined as the ratios of the corresponding reaction to the average proton fluence.

Titarenko, Yu. E.; Borovlev, S. P.; Butko, M. A.; Zhivun, V. M.; Pavlov, K. V.; Rogov, V. I.; Titarenko, A. Yu.; Tikhonov, R. S.; Florya, S. N.; Koldobskiy, A. B. [Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Russian Federation)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

480

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012,"6/30/1989" Annual",2012,"6/30/1989" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","ng_pri_sum_a_epg0_vrx_pct_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/ng_pri_sum_a_epg0_vrx_pct_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 7:00:26 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Percentage of Total Natural Gas Residential Deliveries included in Prices " "Sourcekey","NA1504_NUS_4","NA1504_SAL_4","NA1504_SAK_4","NA1504_SAZ_4","NA1504_SAR_4","NA1504_SCA_4","NA1504_SCO_4","NA1504_SCT_4","NA1504_SDE_4","NA1504_SDC_4","NA1504_SFL_4","NA1504_SGA_4","NA1504_SHI_4","NA1504_SID_4","NA1504_SIL_4","NA1504_SIN_4","NA1504_SIA_4","NA1504_SKS_4","NA1504_SKY_4","NA1504_SLA_4","NA1504_SME_4","NA1504_SMD_4","NA1504_SMA_4","NA1504_SMI_4","NA1504_SMN_4","NA1504_SMS_4","NA1504_SMO_4","NA1504_SMT_4","NA1504_SNE_4","NA1504_SNV_4","NA1504_SNH_4","NA1504_SNJ_4","NA1504_SNM_4","NA1504_SNY_4","NA1504_SNC_4","NA1504_SND_4","NA1504_SOH_4","NA1504_SOK_4","NA1504_SOR_4","NA1504_SPA_4","NA1504_SRI_4","NA1504_SSC_4","NA1504_SSD_4","NA1504_STN_4","NA1504_STX_4","NA1504_SUT_4","NA1504_SVT_4","NA1504_SVA_4","NA1504_SWA_4","NA1504_SWV_4","NA1504_SWI_4","NA1504_SWY_4"

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481

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013","1/15/2002" Monthly","9/2013","1/15/2002" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","ng_pri_sum_a_epg0_vrx_pct_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/ng_pri_sum_a_epg0_vrx_pct_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 7:00:27 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Percentage of Total Natural Gas Residential Deliveries included in Prices " "Sourcekey","NA1504_NUS_4","NA1504_SAL_4","NA1504_SAK_4","NA1504_SAZ_4","NA1504_SAR_4","NA1504_SCA_4","NA1504_SCO_4","NA1504_SCT_4","NA1504_SDE_4","NA1504_SDC_4","NA1504_SFL_4","NA1504_SGA_4","NA1504_SHI_4","NA1504_SID_4","NA1504_SIL_4","NA1504_SIN_4","NA1504_SIA_4","NA1504_SKS_4","NA1504_SKY_4","NA1504_SLA_4","NA1504_SME_4","NA1504_SMD_4","NA1504_SMA_4","NA1504_SMI_4","NA1504_SMN_4","NA1504_SMS_4","NA1504_SMO_4","NA1504_SMT_4","NA1504_SNE_4","NA1504_SNV_4","NA1504_SNH_4","NA1504_SNJ_4","NA1504_SNM_4","NA1504_SNY_4","NA1504_SNC_4","NA1504_SND_4","NA1504_SOH_4","NA1504_SOK_4","NA1504_SOR_4","NA1504_SPA_4","NA1504_SRI_4","NA1504_SSC_4","NA1504_SSD_4","NA1504_STN_4","NA1504_STX_4","NA1504_SUT_4","NA1504_SVT_4","NA1504_SVA_4","NA1504_SWA_4","NA1504_SWV_4","NA1504_SWI_4","NA1504_SWY_4"

482

Frustration by competing interactions in the highly-distorted double perovskites La2NaB'O6 (B' = Ru, Os)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The usual classical behaviour of S = 3/2, B-site ordered double perovskites generally results in simple, commensurate magnetic ground states. In contrast, heat capacity and neutron powder diffraction measurements for the S = 3/2 systems La2NaB'O6 (B = Ru, Os) reveal an incommensurate magnetic ground state for La2NaRuO6 and a drastically suppressed ordered moment for La2NaOsO6. This behaviour is attributed to the large monoclinic structural distortions of these double perovskites. The distortions have the effect of weakening the nearest neighbour superexchange interactions, presumably to an energy scale that is comparable to the next nearest neighbour superexchange. The exotic ground states in these materials can then arise from a competition between these two types of antiferromagnetic interactions, providing a novel mechanism for achieving frustration in the double perovskite family.

Aczel, Adam A [ORNL; Bugaris, Dan [University of South Carolina; Li, Ling [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Yan, Jiaqiang [ORNL; Dela Cruz, Clarina R [ORNL; Zur Loye, Hans-Conrad [University of South Carolina; Nagler, Stephen E [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Hanford Low Activity Waste (LAW) Fluidized Bed Steam Reformer (FBSR) Na-Al-Si (NAS) Waste Form Qualification  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hanford Low Activity Waste (LAW) Fluidized Bed Steam Hanford Low Activity Waste (LAW) Fluidized Bed Steam Reformer (FBSR) Na-Al-Si (NAS) Waste Form Qualification C.M. Jantzen and E.M. Pierce November 18, 2010 2 Participating Organizations 3 Incentive and Objectives FBSR sodium-aluminosilicate (NAS) waste form has been identified as a promising supplemental treatment technology for Hanford LAW Objectives: Reduce the risk associated with implementing the FBSR NAS waste form as a supplemental treatment technology for Hanford LAW Conduct test with actual tank wastes Use the best science to fill key data gaps Linking previous and new results together 4 Outline FBSR NAS waste form processing scales FBSR NAS waste form data/key assumptions FBSR NAS key data gaps FBSR NAS testing program 5 FBSR NAS Waste Form Processing

484

..&rrbt, Chief, Industrial Hy&na Branch, HerlthbrSas8byLaboratoly  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

tf..@ tf..@ ..&rrbt, Chief, Industrial Hy&na Branch, HerlthbrSas8byLaboratoly ;,.; , ' 1 ' @@w-w 3, 1954 P. B. Klevin, Indurtrial Hygiexn J5rantah, Barrlei &'afelky Lab0raM~ : . .A , 3 t :;p,: . NATIONAL LEiD OF OHIO ROLLINO OFERATIONS AT SIHONr>s SAW 6 STEEL- Amm', +I& y9, <: '.. SmBoLt HSHtPBK ' -: - St. Louis Area Office at the Simnds Saw and Steel Co., k&port, NJ., on tha &boVe clrtm, I oblruloed tb Mat;Lonal Uad umu&m and thorium roll- ing operations which were In pogress at the 16" and 10" mills respectively. Althm& hhls+urV8y w&d: ma& wltbout Qte dlx' aet request of the National Lead Co., I am reporting the results for your information. At the W aill whem 38 fh&m ingots were r&lad into lmgthaned rods,

485

Viscosity of NaCl and other solutions up to 350{sup 0}C and 50 MPa pressures  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Experimental values for the viscosity of sodium chloride solutions are critically reviewed for application to geothermal energy. Data published recently by Kestin, Los, Pepinov, and Semenyuk as well as earlier data are included. A theoretically based equation for calculating relative viscosity was developed, and used to generate tables of smoothed values over the ranges 20{sup 0}C to 350{sup 0}C, 0 to 5 m and pressures up to 50 MPa. The equation reproduces selected data to an average of better than 2 percent over the entire range of temperatures and pressures. Selected tables of data are included for KCl up to 150{sup 0}C, CaCl{sub 2} solutions up to 100{sup 0}C, and for mixtures of NaCl with KCl and CaCl{sub 2}. Recommendations are given for additional data needs.

Phillips, S.L.; Ozbek, H.; Igbene, A.; Litton, G.

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Evidence for the onset of deconfinement and quest for the critical point by NA49 at the CERN SPS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The NA49 results on hadron production obtained in PbPb collisions at SPS energies from 20 to 158 A GeV are shown and discussed as evidence for the onset of deconfinement. The primary measures are the pion yield, the kaon-to-pion ratio and the slope parameter of transverse mass distributions. The possible indication of the QCD critical point signatures was investigated in the event-by-event fluctuations of various observables such as the mean transverse momentum, particle multiplicity and azimuthal angle distributions as well as in the particle ratio fluctuations. The energy dependence of these observables was measured in central PbPb collisions in the full SPS energy range while for analysis of the system size dependence data from pp, CC, SiSi, and PbPb collisions at the top SPS energy were used.

Melkumov, G. L., E-mail: georgui.melkoumov@cern.ch [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation); Anticic, T. [Rudjer Boskovic Institute (Croatia); Baatar, B. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation); Barna, D. [KFKI Research Institute for Particle and Nuclear Physics (Hungary); Bartke, J. [Polish Academy of Sciences, H. Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics (Poland); Beck, H. [Fachbereich Physik der Universitaet (Germany); Betev, L. [CERN (Switzerland); Bialkowska, H. [Institute for Nuclear Studies (Poland); Blume, C. [Fachbereich Physik der Universitaet (Germany); Bogusz, M. [Warsaw University of Technology, Faculty of Physics (Poland); Boimska, B. [Institute for Nuclear Studies (Poland); Book, J. [Fachbereich Physik der Universitaet (Germany); Botje, M. [NIKHEF (Netherlands); Buncic, P. [CERN (Switzerland); Cetner, T. [Warsaw University of Technology, Faculty of Physics (Poland); Christakoglou, P. [NIKHEF (Netherlands); Chung, P. [Stony Brook University (SUNYSB), Department of Chemistry (United States); Chvala, O. [Charles University, Institute of Particle and Nuclear Physics (Czech Republic); Cramer, J. G. [University of Washington, Nuclear Physics Laboratory (United States); Eckardt, V. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Physik (Germany); and others

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

487

Final Report for the Study on S-Implanted Alloy 22 in 1 M NaCl Solutions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this study was to examine the effects of high levels of S in the near-surface region on the passivity of Alloy 22, a corrosion resistant Ni-Cr-Mo alloy, in deaerated 1 M NaCl solution. Near-surface concentrations of S up to 2 at.% were achieved in Alloy 22 test specimens by implanting them with S. The S-implanted samples were then evaluated in short-term electrochemical tests in the salt solution and subsequently analyzed with X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) for film thickness and composition. Specimens tested included non-implanted and annealed Alloy 22 samples, samples implanted with S, and blanks implanted with Ar as an ion that would simulate the damage of S implantation without the chemical effect. A sample of S-implanted Alloy 22 was also exposed to solution for 29 days and analyzed for evidence of S accumulation at the surface over longer times.

Windisch, Charles F.; Baer, Donald R.; Jones, R. H.; Engelhard, Mark H.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Density functional theory studies on theelectronic, structural, phonon dynamicaland thermo-stability properties of bicarbonates MHCO3, M D Li, Na, K  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The structural, electronic, phonon dispersion and thermodynamic properties of MHCO3 (M D Li, Na, K) solids were investigated using density functional theory. The calculated bulk properties for both their ambient and the high-pressure phases are in good agreement with available experimental measurements. Solid phase LiHCO3 has not yet been observed experimentally. We have predicted several possible crystal structures for LiHCO3 using crystallographic database searching and prototype electrostatic ground state modeling. Our total energy and phonon free energy .FPH/ calculations predict that LiHCO3 will be stable under suitable conditions of temperature and partial pressures of CO2 and H2O. Our calculations indicate that the HCO􀀀 3 groups in LiHCO3 and NaHCO3 form an infinite chain structure through O#1; #1; #1;H#1; #1; #1;O hydrogen bonds. In contrast, the HCO􀀀 3 anions form dimers, .HCO􀀀 3 /2, connected through double hydrogen bonds in all phases of KHCO3. Based on density functional perturbation theory, the Born effective charge tensor of each atom type was obtained for all phases of the bicarbonates. Their phonon dispersions with the longitudinal opticaltransverse optical splitting were also investigated. Based on lattice phonon dynamics study, the infrared spectra and the thermodynamic properties of these bicarbonates were obtained. Over the temperature range 0900 K, the FPH and the entropies (S) of MHCO3 (M D Li, Na, K) systems vary as FPH.LiHCO3/ > FPH.NaHCO3/ > FPH.KHCO3/ and S.KHCO3/ > S.NaHCO3/ > S.LiHCO3/, respectively, in agreement with the available experimental data. Analysis of the predicted thermodynamics of the CO2 capture reactions indicates that the carbonate/bicarbonate transition reactions for Na and K could be used for CO2 capture technology, in agreement with experiments.

Duan, Yuhua; Zhang, Bo; Sorescu, Dan C.; Johnson, Karl; Majzoub, Eric H; Luebke, David R.

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

NaK pool-boiler bench-scale receiver durability test: Test results and materials analysis  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Pool-boiler reflux receivers have been considered as an alternative to heat pipes for the input of concentrated solar energy to Stirling-cycle engines in dish-Stirling electric generation systems. Pool boilers offer simplicity in design and fabrication. The operation of a full-scale pool-boiler receiver has been demonstrated for short periods of time. However, to generate cost-effective electricity, the receiver must operate Without significant maintenance for the entire system life, as much as 20 to 30 years. Long-term liquid-metal boiling stability and materials compatibility with refluxing NaK-78 is not known and must be determined for the pool boiler receiver. No boiling system has been demonstrated for a significant duration with the current porous boiling enhancement surface and materials. Therefore, it is necessary to simulate the full-scale pool boiler design as much as possible, including flux levels, materials, and operating cycles. On-sun testing is impractical because of the limited test time available. A test vessel was constructed with a porous boiling enhancement surface. The boiling surface consisted of a brazed stainless steel powder with about 50% porosity. The vessel was heated with a quartz lamp array providing about go W/CM2 peak incident thermal flux. The vessel was charged with NaK-78. This allows the elimination of costly electric preheating, both on this test and on fullscale receivers. The vessel was fabricated from Haynes 230 alloy. The vessel operated at 750{degrees}C around the clock, with a 1/2-hour shutdown cycle to ambient every 8 hours. The test completed 7500 hours of lamp-on operation time, and over 1000 startups from ambient. The test was terminated when a small leak in an Inconel 600 thermowell was detected. The test design and data are presented here. Metallurgical analysis of virgin and tested materials has begun, and initial results are also presented.

Andraka, C.E.; Goods, S.H.; Bradshaw, R.W.; Moreno, J.B.; Moss, T.A.; Jones, S.A.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

High temperature oxidation and NaCl-induced accelerated corrosion of hot-dip aluminized 9Cr-1Mo and 310 stainless steel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The behaviors of high temperature corrosion on hot-dip aluminized on 9Cr-1Mo and 310 stainless steels when catalyzed by NaCl and cyclic heating environment were studied experimentally. The corrosion behavior and morphological development were investigated by weight gain kinetics, metallographs, depths of attack, metal losses, and X-ray analyses. The results of 310SS deposited with salt mixtures show that weight gain kinetics in simple oxidation reveals a steady-state parabolic rate law after 3 hr, while the kinetics with salt deposits display multi-stage growth rates. NaCl is the main corrosive specie in high-temperature corrosion involving mixtures of NaCl/Na2SO4 and is responsible for the formation of internal attack. Uniform internal attack is the typical morphology of NaCl-induced hot corrosion, while the extent of intergranular attack is more pronounced as the content of Na2SO4 in the mixture is increased. The thermal-cycling test results of 310SS deposited NaCl and coated 7wt%Si/93wt%Al show that the aluminized layers have good corrosion resistance during the first four cycles of testing, while degradation occurs after testing for five cycles. The reason for degradation of aluminized layers is attributed to the formation of interconnecting voids caused by aluminum inward diffusion, chloridation/oxidation cyclic reactions and the penetration of molten NaCl through the voids into the alloy substrate. The 9Cr-1Mo steels coated with 7wt%Si/93wt%Al oxidized at 750, 850, and 950C in static air show that oxidation kinetics followed a parabolic rate law at 750 and 850 C. The cracks propagated through the FexAly layer due to the growth of brittle FeAl2 and Fe2Al5 at 750 and 850C. The voids condensed in the interface of intermetallics and substrate are attributed to the Kirkendall effect. At 950C, the fast growing aluminide layer has a different expansion coefficient than oxide scale, leading to scale cracking, oxygen penetration, and internal oxidized, evidenced by a rapid mass gain.

Tsaur, Charng-Cheng

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Two Homologous Intermetallic Phases in the Na-Au-Zn System with Sodium Bound in Unusual Paired Sites within 1D Tunnels  

SciTech Connect

The Na-Au-Zn system contains the two intermetallic phases Na(0.97(4))Au(2)Zn(4)(I) and Na(0.72(4))Au(2)Zn(2)(II) that are commensurately and incommensurately modulated derivatives of K(0.37)Cd(2), respectively. Compound I crystallizes in tetragonal space group P4/mbm (No. 127), a = 7.986(1) , c = 7.971(1) , Z = 4, as a 1 1 3 superstructure derivative of K(0.37)Cd(2)(I4/mcm). Compound II is a weakly incommensurate derivative of K(0.37)Cd(2) with a modulation vector q = 0.189(1) along c. Its structure was solved in superspace group P4/mbm(00g)00ss, a = 7.8799(6) , c = 2.7326(4) , Z = 2, as well as its average structure in P4/mbm with the same lattice parameters.. The Au-Zn networks in both consist of layers of gold or zinc squares that are condensed antiprismatically along c ([Au(4/2)Zn(4)Zn(4)Au(4/2)] for I and [Au(4/2)Zn(4)Au(4/2)] for II) to define fairly uniform tunnels. The long-range cation dispositions in the tunnels are all clearly and rationally defined by electron density (Fourier) mapping. These show only close, somewhat diffuse, pairs of opposed, ?50% occupied Na sites that are centered on (I)(shown) or between (II) the gold squares. Tight-binding electronic structure calculations via linear muffin-tin-orbital (LMTO) methods, assuming random occupancy of ? ?100% of nonpaired Na sites, again show that the major Hamilton bonding populations in both compounds arise from the polar heteroatomic Au-Zn interactions. Clear Na-Au (and lesser Na-Zn) bonding is also evident in the COHP functions. These two compounds are the only stable ternary phases in the (Cs,Rb,K,Na)-Au-Zn systems, emphasizing the special bonding and packing requirements in these sodium structures

Samal, Saroj L.; Lin, Qisheng; Corbett, John D.

2012-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

492

Optical properties of a solar-absorbing molten salt heat transfer fluid. [Eutectic mixture of KNO3, NaNO2, and NaNO3 with particle suspensions of cobalt oxides or copper oxides  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The optical absorption properties of a high temperature molten salt heat transfer fluid were measured from 0.35 ..mu..m to 2.5 ..mu..m using both hemispherical transmission and reflection techniques. This fluid has application as a direct-absorbing working fluid in a high temperature central receiver solar energy facility. The absorption spectrum of the pure molten fluid--a eutectic mixture of KNO/sub 3/, NaNO/sub 2/, and NaNO/sub 3/, known as Hitec (Du Pont trade name)--displays a fundamental absorption edge near 410 nm, which was found to shift to longer wavelength linearly with temperature. Throughout the remainder of the visible spectrum, the fluid is transparent. To enhance its solar absorption, particulate metallic oxides of Co or Cu were introduced into the fluid. Absorption spectra of these oxide particle suspensions in the molten salt were determined as a function of dopant concentration ranging from 0 to 0.1 wt% metal nitrate added to the Hitec. These measurements were carried out at 200/sup 0/C under flow conditions to cause a homogeneous suspension of particles. Special transmission and reflection flow cells were designed and constructed to handle 200/sup 0/C fluids. The suspended particles cause an additional optical absorption throughout the visible spectrum which is characteristic of the particular metallic oxide and closely follows a Beer-Lambert concentration dependence. The solar averaged absorption in a fixed layer thickness was calculated for various concentrations of the fluid-oxide mixtures. The fluid without oxide particles absorbs approximately 8% of the solar spectrum per cm of path length. Addition of 0.1 wt% of Co(NO/sub 3/)/sub 2/.6H/sub 2/O increases this absorption to approximately 90% per cm. Of the oxides studied, Co/sub 3/O/sub 4/ particle suspensions offer better solar absorption characteristics than CuO. Effects of particulate scattering on the measurements are discussed.

Drotning, W.D.

1977-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Prototype Tests for the Recovery and Conversion of UF6 Chemisorbed in NaF Traps for the Molten Salt Reactor Remediation Project  

SciTech Connect

The remediation of the Molten Salt Reactor Experiment (MSRE) site includes the removal of about 37 kg of uranium. Of that inventory, about 23 kg have already been removed from the piping system and chemisorbed in 25 NaF traps. This material is being stored in Building 3019. The planned recovery of -11 kg of uranium from the fuel salt will generate another 15 to 19 NaF traps. The remaining 2 to 3 kg of uranium are present in activated charcoal beds, which are also scheduled to be removed from the reactor site. Since all of these materials (NaF traps and the uranium-laden charcoal) are not suitable for long-term storage, they will be converted to a chemical form [uranium oxide], which is suitable for long-term storage. This document describes the process that will be used to recover and convert the uranium in the NaF traps into a stable oxide for long-term storage. Included are a description of the process, equipment, test results, and lessons learned. The process was developed for remote operation in a hot cell. Lessons learned from the prototype testing were incorporated into the process design.

Del Cul, G.D.; Icenhour, A.S.; Simmons, D.W.

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Prototype Tests for the Recovery and Conversion of UF6Chemisorbed in NaF Traps for the Molten Salt Reactor Remediation Project  

SciTech Connect

The remediation of the Molten Salt Reactor Experiment (MSRE) site includes the removal of about 37 kg of uranium. Of that inventory, about 23 kg have already been removed from the piping system and chemisorbed in 25 NaF traps. This material is being stored in Building 3019. The planned recovery of {approx}11 kg of uranium from the fuel salt will generate another 15 to 19 NaF traps. The remaining 2 to 3 kg of uranium are present in activated charcoal beds, which are also scheduled to be removed from the reactor site. Since all of these materials (NaF traps and the uranium-laden charcoal) are not suitable for long-term storage, they will be converted to a chemical form [uranium oxide (U{sub 3}O{sub 8})], which is suitable for long-term storage. This document describes the process that will be used to recover and convert the uranium in the NaF traps into a stable oxide for long-term storage. Included are a description of the process, equipment, test results, and lessons learned. The process was developed for remote operation in a hot cell. Lessons learned from the prototype testing were incorporated into the process design.

Del Cul, G.D.

2000-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

495

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C4, supplkment au no 4 , Tome 40, avril 1979, page C4-19 Band structures of NaCl structure uranium compounds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

structures of NaCl structure uranium compounds R. Allen and M. S. S. Brooks Commission of the European Karlsruhe 1, F.R.G. R6sum6. -Des calculs de structure de bande ont BtC accomplis pour les monopnictures d'uranium been made for the uranium monopnictides and for the monochalcogenide US. The band structures were

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

496

Measurement of the Low Energy Nuclear Response in NaI(Tl) Crystals for Use in Dark Matter Direct Detection Experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The response of low energy nuclear recoil in NaI(Tl) is investigated in the following experiment. Such detectors have been used recently to search for evidence of dark matter in the form of weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs). NaI(Tl) crystal response to nuclear recoil energy deposition is a key element in these searches. I discuss the cosmological and experimental motivations for these experiments, followed by an overview of the physics of direct detection and current relevant WIMP search experiments. With the experiment motivations covered, the details of NaI(Tl) detectors are reviewed. The specifics of our experiment are laid out including the neutron production, neutron beam calibration, shielding optimization, experimental design and setup. Then the crystal response calibration studies and Geant4 simulations are discussed followed by the final quenching factor values and uncertainties. This experiment measured quenching factors for sodium recoils in the energy range of (9 keV-40 keV) of 19%-27% QF. These results are similar to current published measurements. Interesting features of the QF measurements include an increase at low energies and a dip in the values at 30 keV, the iodine K-shell absorption edge. The goal of this experiment was to add valuable measurements of nuclear recoils at low energies that are relevant to low-mass WIMP experiments. Future plans will improve and expand on these measurements in order to better understand the response of NaI(Tl) at low energies.

Stiegler, Tyana Michele

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Simulation of the Bishop Steam Foam Pilot by T.W. Patzek and N.A. h4yhiil, Shell Development Co.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,.. SEW SPE 18786 Simulation of the Bishop Steam Foam Pilot by T.W. Patzek and N.A. h4yhiil, Shell a simple model of steam foam transport and apply it to the Shell Kern River Bishop pilot. The only an incremental 5.5 percent OOIP recovery due to steam foam and additional 3 percent OOIP due to infill wells

Patzek, Tadeusz W.

498

Thermodynamic Model for SnO2(cr) and SnO2(am) Solubility in the Aqueous Na+-H+ -OH- -Cl- -H2O System  

SciTech Connect

The solubility of SnO2(cassiterite) was studied at 23 ? 2?C as functions of time (7 49 days) and pH value (0-14.5). Steady state concentrations were reached in < 7 days. The data were interpreted using the SIT model. The data shows that SnO2(cassiterite) is the stable phase at pH values of < ~11.7. These extensive data provided a log10 K0 value of -64.39 0.30 for the reaction (SnO2(cassiterite) + 2H2O = Sn4+ + 4OH-) and values of 1.86 0.30, ? -0.62, -9.20 0.34, and -20.28 0.34 for the reaction (Sn4+ + nH2O = Sn(OH)n4-n + nH+) with values of n equal to 1, 4, 5, and 6 respectively. These thermodynamic hydrolysis constants were used to reinterpret the extensive literature data for SnO2(am) solubility, which provided a log10 K0 value of -61.80 0.29 for the reaction (SnO2(am) + 2H2O = Sn4+ + 4OH-). SnO2(cassiterite) is unstable under highly alkaline conditions (NaOH concentrations > 0.003 mol.dm-3) and transforms to a double salt of SnO2 and NaOH. Although additional well-focused studies will be required for confirmation, the experimental data in the highly alkaline region (0.003 to 3.5 mol.dm-3 NaOH) can be well described with log10 K0 of -5.29 0.35 for the reaction (Na2Sn(OH)6(s) = Na2Sn(OH)6(aq)).

Rai, Dhanpat; Yui, Mikazu; Schaef, Herbert T.; Kitamura, Akira

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Rapid gasification of nascent char in steam atmosphere during the pyrolysis of Na- and Ca-ion-exchanged brown coals in a drop-tube reactor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several recent studies on in situ steam gasification of coal suggest a possibility of extremely fast steam gasification of char from rapid pyrolysis of pulverized brown coal. The unprecedented rate of char steam gasification can be achieved by exposing nascent char, that is, after tar evolution (temperature range >600{sup o}C), but before devolatilization (coal samples, that is, H-form coal with Na/Ca contents coal with Na content = 2.8 wt % and Ca-form coal with Ca content = 3.2 wt %. These samples were pyrolyzed in an atmospheric drop-tube reactor at a temperature of 900{sup o}C, inlet steam concentration of 50 vol. %, and a particle residence times of 2.8 s. The char yields from the pyrolysis of Na-form and Ca-form coals were as low as 12 and 33% on the respective coal carbon bases, and accounted for only 18 and 53% of the char yields from the full devolatilization of the respective coals at 900{sup o}C. In addition, the pyrolysis also consumed as much as 0.7-1.1 mol of H{sub 2}O per mol of coal C. On the other hand, the nascent char from the H-form coal allowed carbon deposition from the nascent tar, resulting in a char yield as high as 115% of that from the full devolatilization. The chars from the Na-form and Ca-form coals also acted as catalysts for steam reforming of tar, which was evidenced by significant negative synergistic effects of blending of H-form coal with Na-form coal or Ca-form coal on the tar and soot yields. 57 refs., 6 figs.

Ondej Maek; Sou Hosokai; Koyo Norinaga; Chun-Zhu Li; Jun-ichiro Hayashi [Hokkaido University, Kita-ku (Japan). Center for Advanced Research of Energy Conversion Materials

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

500

Indiana Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

13.21 16.37 NA 15.24 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 95.1 94.4 94.1 94.3 NA 94.7 2002-2013 Commercial Price 7.29 9.54 NA NA NA 9.77...