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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n2 purged minimal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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1

Purged window apparatus utilizing heated purge gas  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A purged window apparatus utilizing tangentially injected heated purge gases in the vicinity of electromagnetic radiation transmitting windows, and a tapered external mounting tube to accelerate these gases to provide a vortex flow on the window surface and a turbulent flow throughout the mounting tube. Use of this apparatus prevents backstreaming of gases under investigation which are flowing past the mouth of the mounting tube which would otherwise deposit on the windows. Lengthy spectroscopic investigations and analyses can thereby be performed without the necessity of interrupting the procedures in order to clean or replace contaminated windows.

Ballard, Evan O. (Los Alamos, NM)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Purge water management system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A purge water management system for effectively eliminating the production of purge water when obtaining a groundwater sample from a monitoring well. In its preferred embodiment, the purge water management system comprises an expandable container, a transportation system, and a return system. The purge water management system is connected to a wellhead sampling configuration, typically permanently installed at the well site. A pump, positioned with the monitoring well, pumps groundwater through the transportation system into the expandable container, which expands in direct proportion with volume of groundwater introduced, usually three or four well volumes, yet prevents the groundwater from coming into contact with the oxygen in the air. After this quantity of groundwater has been removed from the well, a sample is taken from a sampling port, after which the groundwater in the expandable container can be returned to the monitoring well through the return system. The purge water management system prevents the purge water from coming in contact with the outside environment, especially oxygen, which might cause the constituents of the groundwater to oxidize. Therefore, by introducing the purge water back into the monitoring well, the necessity of dealing with the purge water as a hazardous waste under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act is eliminated.

Cardoso-Neto, Joao E. (North Augusta, SC); Williams, Daniel W. (Aiken, SC)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Purge water management system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A purge water management system is described for effectively eliminating the production of purge water when obtaining a groundwater sample from a monitoring well. In its preferred embodiment, the purge water management system comprises an expandable container, a transportation system, and a return system. The purge water management system is connected to a wellhead sampling configuration, typically permanently installed at the well site. A pump, positioned with the monitoring well, pumps groundwater through the transportation system into the expandable container, which expands in direct proportion with volume of groundwater introduced, usually three or four well volumes, yet prevents the groundwater from coming into contact with the oxygen in the air. After this quantity of groundwater has been removed from the well, a sample is taken from a sampling port, after which the groundwater in the expandable container can be returned to the monitoring well through the return system. The purge water management system prevents the purge water from coming in contact with the outside environment, especially oxygen, which might cause the constituents of the groundwater to oxidize. Therefore, by introducing the purge water back into the monitoring well, the necessity of dealing with the purge water as a hazardous waste under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act is eliminated.

Cardoso-Neto, J.E.; Williams, D.W.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Purge needs in absorption chillers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Absorption chillers are regaining a significant share of large tonnage chiller sales, such as they had 20 years ago. Gas-fired chillers are now available that have a base energy (ultimate fuel usage) consumption rate per ton comparable to that in electric units. Effective purging in an absorption chiller is an absolute necessity to achieve the low chilled water temperature needed for dehumidification and to fully benefit from the energy savings offered by double-effect cycles. Although the purge system is usually not shown on the typical cycle schematic, its proper functioning is a key requirement for satisfactory machine operation. This article discusses the effect of noncondensible (N/C) gases on the absorption cooling process and the basics of purge systems. In addition, the article discusses the rationale for the important design step of selecting the location of the N/C probe, and discusses purge systems applicable to the direct-fired, double-effect machines now entering the marketplace.

Murray, J.G. (Battelle, Columbus, OH (United States))

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Selective purge for hydrogenation reactor recycle loop  

SciTech Connect

Processes and apparatus for providing improved contaminant removal and hydrogen recovery in hydrogenation reactors, particularly in refineries and petrochemical plants. The improved contaminant removal is achieved by selective purging, by passing gases in the hydrogenation reactor recycle loop or purge stream across membranes selective in favor of the contaminant over hydrogen.

Baker, Richard W. (Palo Alto, CA); Lokhandwala, Kaaeid A. (Union City, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

An Optimal Algorithm for Purging Regular Schemes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A joint application of four optimizing transformations for purging imperative programs—elimination of useless statements, unwinding of degenerate loops, removal from loops, and removal from branch statements—is considered. A model of regular ...

D. L. Uvarov

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Well purge and sample apparatus and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention specifically permits purging and/or sampling of a well but only removing, at most, about 25% of the fluid volume compared to conventional methods and, at a minimum, removing none of the fluid volume from the well. The invention is an isolation assembly with a packer, pump and exhaust, that is inserted into the well. The isolation assembly is designed so that only a volume of fluid between the outside diameter of the isolation assembly and the inside diameter of the well over a fluid column height from the bottom of the well to the top of the active portion (lower annulus) is removed. The packer is positioned above the active portion thereby sealing the well and preventing any mixing or contamination of inlet fluid with fluid above the packer. Ports in the wall of the isolation assembly permit purging and sampling of the lower annulus along the height of the active portion.

Schalla, Ronald (Kennewick, WA); Smith, Ronald M. (Richland, WA); Hall, Stephen H. (Kennewick, WA); Smart, John E. (Richland, WA); Gustafson, Gregg S. (Redmond, WA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Well purge and sample apparatus and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention specifically permits purging and/or sampling of a well but only removing, at most, about 25% of the fluid volume compared to conventional methods and, at a minimum, removing none of the fluid volume from the well. The invention is an isolation assembly with a packer, pump and exhaust, that is inserted into the well. The isolation assembly is designed so that only a volume of fluid between the outside diameter of the isolation assembly and the inside diameter of the well over a fluid column height from the bottom of the well to the top of the active portion (lower annulus) is removed. The packer is positioned above the active portion thereby sealing the well and preventing any mixing or contamination of inlet fluid with fluid above the packer. Ports in the wall of the isolation assembly permit purging and sampling of the lower annulus along the height of the active portion. 8 figs.

Schalla, R.; Smith, R.M.; Hall, S.H.; Smart, J.E.; Gustafson, G.S.

1995-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

9

Benefits of evaporating FGD purge water  

SciTech Connect

In the US and the European Union, scrubbers are installed on all new coal-fired power plants because their technology is considered the best available for removing SO{sub 2}. A zero liquid discharge (ZLD) system is the best technology for treating wet scrubber wastewate. With the future promising stricter limits on power plants' water use, ZLD systems that concentrate scrubber purge streams are sure to become as common as ZLD cooling tower blowdonw systems. 7 figs.

Shaw, W.A. [HPD, Plainfield, IL (United States)

2008-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

10

Transpiration Purging Access Probe for Particulate Laden or  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

need for sensors that tolerate dirty environments, research is currently active on the patent-pending technology "Transpiration Purging Access Probe for Particulate Laden or...

11

Supercritical N = 2 string theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The N=2 string is examined in dimensions above the critical dimension (D=4) in a linear dilaton background. We demonstrate that string states in this background propagate in a single physical time dimension, as opposed to two such dimensions present when the dilaton gradient vanishes in D=4. We also find exact solutions describing dynamical dimensional reduction and transitions from N=2 string theory to bosonic string theory via closed-string tachyon condensation.

Hellerman, Simeon

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

New technology for purging the steam generators of nuclear power plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A technology for removal of undissolved impurities from a horizontal steam generator using purge water is developed on the basis of a theoretical analysis. A purge with a maximal flow rate is drawn off from the zone with the highest accumulation of sludge in the lower part of the steam generator after the main circulation pump of the corresponding loop is shut off and the temperatures of the heat transfer medium at the inlet and outlet of the steam generator have equilibrated. An improved purge configuration is used for this technology; it employs shutoff and regulator valves, periodic purge lines separated by a cutoff fixture, and a D{sub y} 100 drain union as a connector for the periodic purge. Field tests show that the efficiency of this technology for sludge removal by purge water is several times that for the standard method.

Budko, I. O.; Kutdjusov, Yu. F.; Gorburov, V. I. [Scientific-Research Center for Energy Technology 'NICE Centrenergo' (Russian Federation); Rjasnyj, S. I. [JSC 'The All-Rissia Nuklear Power Engineering Research and Development Institute' (VNIIAM) (Russian Federation)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

13

RSE Table N2.1 and N2.2. Relative Standard Errors for Tables N2.1 and N2.2  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

N2.1 and N2.2. Relative Standard Errors for Tables N2.1 and N2.2;" N2.1 and N2.2. Relative Standard Errors for Tables N2.1 and N2.2;" " Unit: Percents." " "," " "NAICS"," "," ","Residual","Distillate",,"LPG and",,"Coke"," " "Code(a)","Subsector and Industry","Total","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(b)","Natural Gas(c)","NGL(d)","Coal","and Breeze","Other(e)" ,,"Total United States" , 311,"Food",6,0,8,0,0,0,0,7 312,"Beverage and Tobacco Products",10,0,82,0,0,0,0,9 313,"Textile Mills",19,0,77,3,20,0,0,48 314,"Textile Product Mills",38,0,0,38,27,0,0,42

14

Pressing swing adsorption system using product gas as replacement for purge gas  

SciTech Connect

In a pressure swing adsorption plant for the purification and separation of gases, with several adsorbers, conducting respectively within one cycle the steps of adsorption, expansion or pressure equalization, purging, and pressure buildup, using as the purge gas residual gas released during the expansion of adsorbers, wherein pressure buildup is conducted at least in part with product gas, and when there is a malfunction in an adsorber yielding purge gas, the product gas is employed not only for the pressure buildup but also for purging one or more adsorbers. The amount of purge gas is controlled so that the adsorber or adsorbers, which are in the pressure buildup phase reach the desired adsorption pressure within a previously determined period of time.

Asztalos, S. A.

1984-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

15

Purged window apparatus. [On-line spectroscopic analysis of gas flow systems  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A purged window apparatus is described which utilizes tangentially injected heated purge gases in the vicinity of electromagnetic radiation transmitting windows and a tapered external mounting tube to accelerate these gases to provide a vortex flow on the window surface and a turbulent flow throughout the mounting tube thereby preventing backstreaming of flowing gases under investigation in a chamber to which a plurality of similar purged apparatus is attached with the consequent result that spectroscopic analyses can be undertaken for lengthy periods without the necessity of interrupting the flow for cleaning or replacing the windows due to contamination.

Ballard, E.O.

1982-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

16

Purge gas protected transportable pressurized fuel cell modules and their operation in a power plant  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fuel cell generator apparatus and method of its operation involves: passing pressurized oxidant gas, (O) and pressurized fuel gas, (F), into fuel cell modules, (10 and 12), containing fuel cells, where the modules are each enclosed by a module housing (18), surrounded by an axially elongated pressure vessel (64), where there is a purge gas volume, (62), between the module housing and pressure vessel; passing pressurized purge gas, (P), through the purge gas volume, (62), to dilute any unreacted fuel gas from the modules; and passing exhaust gas, (82), and circulated purge gas and any unreacted fuel gas out of the pressure vessel; where the fuel cell generator apparatus is transpatable when the pressure vessel (64) is horizontally disposed, providing a low center of gravity.

Zafred, Paolo R. (Pittsburgh, PA); Dederer, Jeffrey T. (Valencia, PA); Gillett, James E. (Greensburg, PA); Basel, Richard A. (Plub Borough, PA); Antenucci, Annette B. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Purge gas protected transportable pressurized fuel cell modules and their operation in a power plant  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fuel cell generator apparatus and method of its operation involves: passing pressurized oxidant gas and pressurized fuel gas into modules containing fuel cells, where the modules are each enclosed by a module housing surrounded by an axially elongated pressure vessel, and where there is a purge gas volume between the module housing and pressure vessel; passing pressurized purge gas through the purge gas volume to dilute any unreacted fuel gas from the modules; and passing exhaust gas and circulated purge gas and any unreacted fuel gas out of the pressure vessel; where the fuel cell generator apparatus is transportable when the pressure vessel is horizontally disposed, providing a low center of gravity. 11 figs.

Zafred, P.R.; Dederer, J.T.; Gillett, J.E.; Basel, R.A.; Antenucci, A.B.

1996-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

18

Critical phenomena in N=2* plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use gauge theory/string theory correspondence to study finite temperature critical behaviour of mass deformed N=4 SU(N) supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory at strong coupling, also known as N=2* gauge theory. For certain range of the mass parameters, N=2* plasma undergoes a second-order phase transition. We compute all the static critical exponents of the model and demonstrate that the transition is of the mean-field theory type. We show that the dynamical critical exponent of the model is z=0, with multiple hydrodynamic relaxation rates at criticality. We point out that the dynamical critical phenomena in N=2* plasma is outside the dynamical universality classes established by Hohenberg and Halperin.

A. Buchel; C. Pagnutti

2010-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

19

Whitey Swagelok SCHe ball valves Provide Isolation between SCHe Purge Lines C and D and the Process Vent  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

These valves are 1/4 inch ball valves fabricated of 316 stainless steel. Packing is TFE (standard). They provide an isolation function betwen SCHe Purge Line C, (PV-V-*079), and Purge Line D, (PV-V-*080), and the Process Vent.

MISKA, C.R.

2000-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

20

N2Solar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

N2Solar N2Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name N2Solar LLC Address 2855 E. Robidoux Rd. Place Sandy, Utah Zip 84093 Sector Solar Product HOE Solar performance optics for PV, CSP, Desal and UV water treatment Year founded 2003 Number of employees 1-10 Phone number 801 608 3180 Coordinates 40.601751°, -111.811322° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.601751,"lon":-111.811322,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n2 purged minimal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Self-filling and self-purging apparatus for detecting spontaneous radiation from substances in fluids  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed herein is a radiation detector providing for the in situ automatic sampling of fluids containing substances emitting radiation, especially Cerenkov radiation. The detector permits sampling within well casings and is self-purging such that no additional provisions must be established for the storage and disposal of contaminated fluids.

Larson, I. Lauren (Oak Ridge, TN); Chiles, Marion M. (Knoxville, TN); Miller, V. Clint (Concord, TN)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Bulk viscosity of N=2* plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use gauge theory/string theory correspondence to study the bulk viscosity of strongly coupled, mass deformed SU(N_c) N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills plasma, also known as N=2^* gauge theory. For a wide range of masses we confirm the bulk viscosity bound proposed in arXiv:0708.3459. For a certain choice of masses, the theory undergoes a phase transition with divergent specific heat c_V ~ |1-T_c/T|^(-1/2). We show that, although bulk viscosity rapidly grows as T -> T_c, it remains finite in the vicinity of the critical point.

Alex Buchel; Chris Pagnutti

2008-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

23

Minimal fusion systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??We define minimal fusion systems in a way that every non-solvable fusion system has a section which is minimal. Minimal fusion systems can also be… (more)

Henke, Ellen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

TNKVNT: A model of the Tank 48 purge/ventilation exhaust system. Revision 1  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The waste tank purge ventilation system for Tank 48 is designed to prevent dangerous concentrations of hydrogen or benzene from accumulating in the gas space of the tank. Fans pull the gas/water vapor mixture from the tank gas space and pass it sequentially through a demister, a condenser, a reheater, and HEPA filters before discharging to the environment. Proper operation of the HEPA filters requires that the gas mixture passing through them has a low relative humidity. The ventilation system has been modified by increasing the capacity of the fans and changing the condenser from a two-pass heat exchanger to a single-pass heat exchanger. It is important to understand the impact of these modifications on the operation of the system. A hydraulic model of the ventilation exhaust system has been developed. This model predicts the properties of the air throughout the system and the flowrate through the system, as functions of the tank gas space and environmental conditions. This document serves as a Software Design Report, a Software Coding report, and a User`s Manual. All of the information required for understanding and using this code is herein contained: the governing equations are fully developed, the numerical algorithms are described in detail, and an extensively commented code listing is included. This updated version of the code models the entire purge ventilation system, and is therefore more general in its potential applications.

Shadday, M.A. Jr.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Seasonal variations in N2O emissions from central California  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Seasonal variations in N2O emissions from central California Seasonal variations in N2O emissions from central California Title Seasonal variations in N2O emissions from central California Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2012 Authors Jeong, Seongeun, Chuanfeng Zhao, Arlyn E. Andrews, Edward J. Dlugokencky, Colm Sweeney, Laura Bianco, James M. Wilczak, and Marc L. Fischer Journal Geophysical Research Letters Volume 39 Issue 16 Keywords atmospheric transport, inverse modeling, nitrous oxide Abstract We estimate nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from Central California for the period of December 2007 through November 2009 by comparing N2O mixing ratios measured at a tall tower (Walnut Grove, WGC) with transport model predictions based on two global a priori N2O emission models (EDGAR32 and EDGAR42). Atmospheric particle trajectories and surface footprints are computed using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) and Stochastic Time-Inverted Lagrangian Transport (STILT) models. Regression analyses show that the slopes of predicted on measured N2O from both emission models are low, suggesting that actual N2O emissions are significantly higher than the EDGAR inventories for all seasons. Bayesian inverse analyses of regional N2O emissions show that posterior annual N2O emissions are larger than both EDGAR inventories by factors of 2.0 ± 0.4 (EDGAR32) and 2.1 ± 0.4 (EDGAR42) with seasonal variation ranging from 1.6 ± 0.3 to 2.5 ± 0.4 for an influence region of Central California within approximately 150 km of the tower. These results suggest that if the spatial distribution of N2O emissions in California follows the EDGAR emission models, then actual emissions are 2.7 ± 0.5 times greater than the current California emission inventory, and total N2O emissions account for 8.1 ± 1.4% of total greenhouse gas emissions from California.

26

Waste Minimization Contents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About the 1996 International Symposium on Extraction and Processing for the Treatment and Minimization of Wastes: Waste Minimization Contents ...

27

N=2 Conformal Supergravity from Twistor-String Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A chiral superfield strength in N=2 conformal supergravity at linearized level is obtained by acting two superspace derivatives on N=4 chiral superfield strength which can be described in terms of N=4 twistor superfields. By decomposing SU(4)_R representation of N=4 twistor superfields into the SU(2)_R representation with an invariant U(1)_R charge, the surviving N=2 twistor superfields contain the physical states of N=2 conformal supergravity. These N=2 twistor superfields are functions of homogeneous coordinates of weighted complex projective space WCP^{3|4} where the two weighted fermionic coordinates have weight -1 and 3.

Changhyun Ahn

2004-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

28

Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNF) Project Cask and MCO Helium Purge System Design Review Completion Report Project A.5 and A.6  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the results of the design verification performed on the Cask and Multiple Canister Over-pack (MCO) Helium Purge System. The helium purge system is part of the Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNF) Project Cask Loadout System (CLS) at 100K area. The design verification employed the ''Independent Review Method'' in accordance with Administrative Procedure (AP) EN-6-027-01.

ARD, K.E.

2000-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

29

Effective superpotential and partial breaking of N=2 supersymmetry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the effective superpotential of N=2, U(N) gauge model where N=2 supersymmetry is spontaneously broken to N=1. By the computation of loop diagrams, we obtain a formula for the effective superpotential which is deformed from the well-known form of the effective superpotential of N=1, U(N) gauge model with a tree level superpotential.

Kazunobu Maruyoshi

2007-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

30

$N=2$ Supersymmetric Integrable Models and Topological Field Theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

These lectures review some of the basic properties of $N=2$ superconformal field theories and the corresponding topological field theories. One of my basic aims is to show how the techniques of topological field theory can be used to compute effective \\LG potentials for perturbed $N=2$ superconformal field theories. In particular, I will briefly discuss the application of these ideas to $N=2$ supersymmetric quantum integrable models. (Lectures given at the Summer School on High Energy Physics and Cosmology, Trieste, Italy, June 15th -- July 3rd, 1992. To appear in the proceedings.)

Warner, Nicholas P

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Lepton Mixing Predictions from Delta(6n^2) Family Symmetry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We obtain predictions of lepton mixing parameters for direct models based on Delta(6n^2) family symmetry groups for arbitrarily large n in which the full Klein symmetry is identified as a subgroup of the family symmetry. After reviewing and developing the group theory associated with Delta(6n^2), we find many new candidates for large n able to yield reactor angle predictions within 3 sigma of recent global fits. We show that such Delta(6n^2) models with Majorana neutrinos predict trimaximal mixing with reactor angle theta_{13} fixed up to a discrete choice, an oscillation phase of either zero or pi and the atmospheric angle sum rules theta_{23}=45 degrees -/+ theta_{13}/sqrt{2}, respectively, which are consistent with recent global fits and will be tested in the near future.

King, Stephen F; Stuart, Alexander J

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Lepton Mixing Predictions from Delta(6n^2) Family Symmetry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We obtain predictions of lepton mixing parameters for direct models based on Delta(6n^2) family symmetry groups for arbitrarily large n in which the full Klein symmetry is identified as a subgroup of the family symmetry. After reviewing and developing the group theory associated with Delta(6n^2), we find many new candidates for large n able to yield reactor angle predictions within 3 sigma of recent global fits. We show that such Delta(6n^2) models with Majorana neutrinos predict trimaximal mixing with reactor angle theta_{13} fixed up to a discrete choice, an oscillation phase of either zero or pi and the atmospheric angle sum rules theta_{23}=45 degrees -/+ theta_{13}/sqrt{2}, respectively, which are consistent with recent global fits and will be tested in the near future.

Stephen F. King; Thomas Neder; Alexander J. Stuart

2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

33

Measurement of Hydrogen Purge Rates in Parabolic Trough Receiver Tubes: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this research is to investigate and develop methods to remove hydrogen centrally from commercial parabolic trough power plants. A mathematical model was developed that tracks the generation and transport of hydrogen within an operating plant. Modeling results predicted the steady-state partial pressure of hydrogen within the receiver annuli to be ~1 torr. This result agrees with measured values for the hydrogen partial pressure. The model also predicted the rate at which hydrogen must be actively removed from the expansion tank to reduce the partial pressure of hydrogen within the receiver annuli to less than 0.001 torr. Based on these results, mitigation strategies implemented at operating parabolic trough power plants can reduce hydrogen partial pressure to acceptable levels. Transient modeling predicted the time required to reduce the hydrogen partial pressures within receiver annuli to acceptable levels. The times were estimated as a function of bellows temperature, getter quantity, and getter temperature. This work also includes an experimental effort that will determine the time required to purge hydrogen from a receiver annulus with no getter.

Glatzmaier, G. C.

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

On Type IIA geometries dual to N = 2 SCFTs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We provide explicit solutions of Type IIA supergravity which are believed to be dual to N = 2 superconformal four dimensional gauge theories. These explicit solutions are based on the general ansatz for such a type of backgrounds introduced by Gaiotto and Maldacena.

R. A. Reid-Edwards; B. Stefanski jr

2010-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

35

A SEMI-INFINITE CONSTRUCTION OF UNITARY N =2 MODULES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that each unitary representation of the N = 2 superVirasoro algebra can be realized in terms of “collective excitations” over a filled Dirac sea of fermionic operators satisfying a generalized exclusion principle. These are semi-infinite forms in the modes of one of the fermionic currents. The constraints imposed on the fermionic operators have a counterpart in the form of a model one-dimensional lattice system, studying which allows us to prove the existence of a remarkable monomial basis in the semi-infinite space. This leads to a Rogers–Ramanujan-like character formula. We construct the N = 2 action on the semi-infinite space using a filtration by finite-dimensional subspaces (the structure of which is related to the supernomial coefficients); the main technical tool is provided by the dual functional realization. As an application, we identify the coinvariants with the dual to a space of meromorphic functions on products of punctured Riemann surfaces with a prescribed behaviour on multiple diagonals. For products of punctured CP¹, such spaces are related to the unitary N =2 fusion algebra, for which we also give an independent derivation.

B. L. Feigin; A. M. Semikhatov; I. Yu. Tipunin

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Minimize Boiler Blowdown  

SciTech Connect

This revised ITP tip sheet on minimizing boiler blowdown provides how-to advice for improving industrial steam systems using low-cost, proven practices and technologies.

Not Available

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories and quantum integrable systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories on the product of a two-sphere and a cylinder. We show that the low-energy dynamics of a BPS sector of such a theory is described by a quantum integrable system, with the Planck constant set by the inverse of the radius of the sphere. If the sphere is replaced with a hemisphere, then our system reduces to an integrable system of the type studied by Nekrasov and Shatashvili. In this case we establish a correspondence between the effective prepotential of the gauge theory and the Yang-Yang function of the integrable system.

Yuan Luo; Meng-Chwan Tan; Junya Yagi

2013-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

38

N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories and quantum integrable systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories on the product of a two-sphere and a cylinder. We show that the low-energy dynamics of a BPS sector of such a theory is described by a quantum integrable system, with the Planck constant set by the inverse of the radius of the sphere. If the sphere is replaced with a hemisphere, then our system reduces to an integrable system of the type studied by Nekrasov and Shatashvili. In this case we establish a correspondence between the effective prepotential of the gauge theory and the Yang-Yang function of the integrable system.

Luo, Yuan; Yagi, Junya

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Fast selection of N-2 contingencies for online security assessment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a novel algorithm for selection of dangerous N-2 contingencies associated with line or generator failures. The algorithm is based on iterative filtering of the set of all possible double contingencies. It is certified to identify all the dangerous contingencies, and has the complexity comparable to the N-1 contingency screening. Tests performed on realistic model of Polish power grid with about 3000 buses show that only two iterations of algorithm allow one to certify the safety of 99.9% of all double contingencies, leaving only 0.1% of the most dangerous ones for direct analysis.

P. A. Kaplunovich; K. S. Turitsyn

2013-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

40

Minimization of Automata  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This chapter is concerned with the design and analysis of algorithms for minimizing finite automata. Getting a minimal automaton is a fundamental issue in the use and implementation of finite automata tools in frameworks like text processing, image analysis, linguistic computer science, and many other applications. There are two main families of minimization algorithms. The first by a sequence of refinements of a partition of the set of states, the second by a sequence of fusions or merges of states. Hopcroft's and Moore's algorithms belong to the first family, the linear-time minimization of acyclic automata of Revuz belongs to the second family. One of our studies is upon the comparison of the nature of Moore's and Hopcroft's algorithms. This gives some new insight in both algorithms. As we shall see, these algorithms are quite different both in behavior and in complexity. In particular, we show that it is not possible to simulate the computations of one of the algorithm by the other. We describe the minimi...

Berstel, Jean; Carton, Olivier; Fagnot, Isabelle

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n2 purged minimal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Waste Minimization Plan Prepared by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Waste Minimization Plan Prepared by: Environmental Health and Safety Department Revised February 2012 #12;Waste Minimization Plan Table of Contents Policy Statement........................................................... 3 Centralized Waste Management Program

42

Formation of N2O and NO2 Across Conventional DeNOx SCR Catalysts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project investigated the formation of N2O and NO2 across conventional DeNOx selective catalytic reduction (SCR) catalysts. N2O is a particularly strong greenhouse gas, and both N2O and NO2 may adversely impact downstream processes. Additional data related to their formation or reduction across SCR catalysts is desirable.

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

43

NITROGEN -N2 MSDS (Document # 001040) PAGE 1 OF 10 MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in an emergency? 1. PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION CHEMICAL NAME; CLASS: NITROGEN - N2 LIQUEFIED NITROGEN N2, (CryogenicNITROGEN - N2 MSDS (Document # 001040) PAGE 1 OF 10 MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET Prepared to U ppm ppm ppm Nitrogen 7727-37-9 >99 % There are no specific exposure limits for Nitrogen. Nitrogen

Choi, Kyu Yong

44

Minimal surfaces and multifunctionality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Triply periodic minimal surfaces are objects of great interest to physical scientists, biologists and mathematicians. It has recently been shown that triply periodic two-phase bicontinuous composites with interfaces that are the Schwartz primitive (P) and diamond (D) minimal surfaces are not only geometrically extremal but extremal for simultaneous transport of heat and electricity. More importantly, here we further establish the multifunctionality of such two-phase systems by showing that they are also extremal when a competition is set up between the effective bulk modulus and the electrical (or thermal) conductivity of the composite. The implications of our findings for materials science and biology, which provides the ultimate multifunctional materials, are discussed.

S. Torquato; A. Donev

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Supersymmetric U(N) Gauge Model and Partial Breaking of N=2 Supersymmetry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review the construction of the N=2 U(N) gauge model and the analysis of vacua of the model. On the vacua, N=2 supersymmetry is spontaneously broken to N=1, and the gauge symmetry is broken to a product gauge group \\prod_{i=1}^n U(N_i). The masses of the supermultiplets appearing on the N=1 vacua are given. We provide a manifestly N=2 supersymmetric formulation of the U(N) gauge model coupled with N=2 hypermultiplets, and show that N=2 supersymmetry is partially broken down to N=1 spontaneously.

Kazuhito Fujiwara; Hiroshi Itoyama; Makoto Sakaguchi

2006-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

46

Minimally refined biomass fuel  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A minimally refined fluid composition, suitable as a fuel mixture and derived from biomass material, is comprised of one or more water-soluble carbohydrates such as sucrose, one or more alcohols having less than four carbons, and water. The carbohydrate provides the fuel source; water solubilizes the carbohydrates; and the alcohol aids in the combustion of the carbohydrate and reduces the vicosity of the carbohydrate/water solution. Because less energy is required to obtain the carbohydrate from the raw biomass than alcohol, an overall energy savings is realized compared to fuels employing alcohol as the primary fuel.

Pearson, Richard K. (Pleasanton, CA); Hirschfeld, Tomas B. (Livermore, CA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Synthesis and Optical Properties of NuTaN2: Potential Solar Cell Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Layered CuTaN2 was synthesized by an ion exchange reaction of CuI and NaTaN2 as previously reported. Based on the results of EDX analysis, the Cu:Ta ratio of the CuTaN2 sample was 1:1 within the overall errors when examining powders of +/-10% and no Na was detected. The crystal structure and thermal stability of CuTaN2 was accurately determined by Rietveld analysis of the powder X-ray Diffraction profile and by TGA analysis, respectively. CuTaN2 crystallizes in a rhombohedral structure with space group R-3mH as shown in [figure 1]. CuTaN2 possesses a band gap of 1.53(x) eV, which is in reasonable agreement with density functional theory calculations of Cu containing nitrides. Similar materials may be even better suited for solar cell application.

Yang, M.; Zakutayev, A.; Zhang, X.; Ginley, D.; DiSalvo, F.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Gas Turbine Overhaul Plan (GTOP) for 11N2, Version 1.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The GTOP ALSTOM11N2SC software enables users to plan, manage, and document major overhauls of Alstom Model GT11N2 simple cycle gas turbines and electric generators. The GTOP ALSTOM11N2SC software has been developed to aid the power industry with economic and efficient planning, scheduling and execution of major overhauls of Alstom Model GT11N2 simple cycle gas turbine generator units using computer-based techniques. This Gas Turbine Overhaul Plan (GTOP) is presented in a computerized format for use with...

2007-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

49

The Exact Superconformal R-symmetry Minimizes $?_{RR}$  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a new, general constraint which, in principle, determines the superconformal $U(1)_R$ symmetry of 4d $\\N =1$ SCFTs, and also 3d $\\N =2$ SCFTs. Among all possibilities, the superconformal $U(1)_R$ is that which minimizes the coefficient, $\\tau_{RR}$, of its two-point function. Equivalently, the superconformal $U(1)_R$ is the unique one with vanishing two-point function with every non-R flavor symmetry. For 4d $\\N =1$ SCFTs, $\\tau_{RR}$ minimization gives an alternative to a-maximization. $\\tau_{RR}$ minimization also applies in 3d, where no condition for determining the superconformal $U(1)_R$ had been previously known. Unfortunately, this constraint seems impractical to implement for interacting field theories. But it can be readily implemented in the AdS geometry for SCFTs with AdS duals.

Edwin Barnes; Elie Gorbatov; Ken Intriligator; Matt Sudano; Jason Wright

2005-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

50

Laboratory Study of Premixed H2-Air and H2-N2-Air Flames in a...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Premixed H2-Air and H2-N2-Air Flames in a Low-Swirl Injector for Ultra-Low Emissions Gas Turbines Title Laboratory Study of Premixed H2-Air and H2-N2-Air Flames in a Low-Swirl...

51

RESEARCH ARTICLE Greenhouse gas emissions (CO2, CH4, and N2O) from several  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RESEARCH ARTICLE Greenhouse gas emissions (CO2, CH4, and N2O) from several perialpine and alpine investigated greenhouse gas emissions (CO2, CH4, and N2O) from reservoirs located across an altitude gradient in Switzerland. These are the first results of greenhouse gas emissions from reservoirs at high elevations

Wehrli, Bernhard

52

Gas centrifuge purge method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

1. In a method of separating isotopes in a high speed gas centrifuge wherein a vertically oriented cylindrical rotor bowl is adapted to rotate about its axis within an evacuated chamber, and wherein an annular molecular pump having an intake end and a discharge end encircles the uppermost portion of said rotor bowl, said molecular pump being attached along its periphery in a leak-tight manner to said evacuated chamber, and wherein end cap closure means are affixed to the upper end of said rotor bowl, and a process gas withdrawal and insertion system enters said bowl through said end cap closure means, said evacuated chamber, molecular pump and end cap defining an upper zone at the discharge end of said molecular pump, said evacuated chamber, molecular pump and rotor bowl defining a lower annular zone at the intake end of said molecular pump, a method for removing gases from said upper and lower zones during centrifuge operation with a minimum loss of process gas from said rotor bowl, comprising, in combination: continuously measuring the pressure in said upper zone, pumping gas from said lower zone from the time the pressure in said upper zone equals a first preselected value until the pressure in said upper zone is equal to a second preselected value, said first preselected value being greater than said second preselected value, and continuously pumping gas from said upper zone from the time the pressure in said upper zone equals a third preselected value until the pressure in said upper zone is equal to a fourth preselected value, said third preselected value being greater than said first, second and fourth preselected values.

Theurich, Gordon R. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Central Charges in Non(anti)commutative N=2 Supersymmetric U(N) Gauge Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the central charge of the deformed N=(1,0) supersymmetry algebra in non(anti)commutative N=2 supersymmetric U(N) gauge theory. In the cases of N=1/2 superspace and N=2 harmonic superspace with the singlet deformation, we find that the central charge is deformed by the non(anti)commutative parameters but depends on the electric and magnetic charges. For generic deformation of N=2 harmonic superspace, we compute the O(C) correction to the central charges in the case of U(1) gauge group.

Katsushi Ito; Hiroaki Nakajima

2005-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

54

Recent Results on N=2,4 Supersymmetry with Lorentz Symmetry Violating  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work, we propose the N=2 and N=4 supersymmetric extensions of the Lorentz-breaking Abelian Chern-Simons term. We formulate the question of the Lorentz violation in 6 and 10 dimensions to obtain the bosonic sectors of $N=2-$ and $N=4-$ supersymmetries, respectively. From this, we carry out an analysis in N=1, D=4 superspace and, in terms of $N=1-$ superfields, we are able to write down the N=2 and N=4 supersymmetric extensions of the Lorentz-violating action term.

Wander G. Ney; J. A. Helayel-Neto; Wesley Spalenza

2005-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

55

Guidelines for mixed waste minimization  

SciTech Connect

Currently, there is no commercial mixed waste disposal available in the United States. Storage and treatment for commercial mixed waste is limited. Host States and compacts region officials are encouraging their mixed waste generators to minimize their mixed wastes because of management limitations. This document provides a guide to mixed waste minimization.

Owens, C.

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Waste minimization handbook, Volume 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This technical guide presents various methods used by industry to minimize low-level radioactive waste (LLW) generated during decommissioning and decontamination (D and D) activities. Such activities generate significant amounts of LLW during their operations. Waste minimization refers to any measure, procedure, or technique that reduces the amount of waste generated during a specific operation or project. Preventive waste minimization techniques implemented when a project is initiated can significantly reduce waste. Techniques implemented during decontamination activities reduce the cost of decommissioning. The application of waste minimization techniques is not limited to D and D activities; it is also useful during any phase of a facility`s life cycle. This compendium will be supplemented with a second volume of abstracts of hundreds of papers related to minimizing low-level nuclear waste. This second volume is expected to be released in late 1996.

Boing, L.E.; Coffey, M.J.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

N = (2, 2) Non-Linear sigma-Models: A Synopsis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review N=(2,2) supersymmetric non-linear sigma-models in two dimensions and their relation to generalized Kahler and Calabi-Yau geometry. We illustrate this with an explicit non-trivial example.

Alexander Sevrin; Daniel C. Thompson

2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

58

A family of complete caps in PG(n,2) - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

P. Lisonek, M. Khatirinejad, A family of complete caps in PG(n,2). Designs, Codes and Cryptography 35 (2005), 259-270. We give a combinatorial construction of ...

59

Minimize Boiler Short Cycling Losses  

SciTech Connect

This revised ITP tip sheet on minimizing boiler short cycling losses provides how-to advice for improving industrial steam systems using low-cost, proven practices and technologies.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Shock-Tube Study of Methane Ignition with NO2 and N2O  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NOx produced during combustion can persist in the exhaust gases of a gas turbine engine in quantities significant to induce regulatory concerns. There has been much research which has led to important insights into NOx chemistry. One method of NOx reduction is exhaust gas recirculation. In exhaust gas recirculation, a portion of the exhaust gases that exit are redirected to the inlet air stream that enters the combustion chamber, along with fuel. Due to the presence of NOx in the exhaust gases which are subsequently introduced into the burner, knowledge of the effects of NOx on combustion is advantageous. Contrary to general NOx research, little has been conducted to investigate the sensitizing effects of NO2 and N2O addition to methane/oxygen combustion. Experiments were made with dilute and real fuel air mixtures of CH4/O2/Ar with the addition of NO2 and N2O. The real fuel air concentrations were made with the addition of NO2 only. The equivalence ratios of mixtures made were 0.5, 1 and 2. The experimental pressure range was 1 - 44 atm and the temperature range tested was 1177 – 2095 K. The additives NO2 and N2O were added in concentrations from 831 ppm to 3539 ppm. The results of the mixtures with NO2 have a reduction in ignition delay time across the pressure ranges tested, and the mixtures with N2O show a similar trend. At 1.3 atm, the NO2 831 ppm mixture shows a 65% reduction and shows a 75% reduction at 30 atm. The NO2 mixtures showed a higher decrease in ignition time than the N2O mixtures. The real fuel air mixture also showed a reduction. Sensitivity Analyses were performed. The two most dominant reactions in the NO2 mixtures are the reaction O+H2 = O+OH and the reaction CH3+NO2 = CH3O+NO. The presence of this second reaction is the means by which NO2 decreases ignition delay time, which is indicated in the experimental results. The reaction produces CH3O which is reactive and can participate in chain propagating reactions, speeding up ignition. The two dominant reactions for the N2O mixture are the reaction O+H2 = O+OH and, interestingly, the other dominant reaction is the reverse of the initiation reaction in the N2O-mechanism: O+N2+M = N2O+M. The reverse of this reaction is the direct oxidation of nitrous oxide. The O produced in this reaction can then speed up ignition by partaking in propagation reactions, which was experimentally observed.

Pemelton, John

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n2 purged minimal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Model calculation of N2 Vegard-Kaplan band emissions in Martian dayglow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A model for N2 Vegard-Kaplan (VK) band (A^3Sigma_u^+ - X^1Sigma_g^+) emissions in Martian dayglow has been developed to explain the recent observations made by the Spectroscopy for Investigation of Characteristics of the Atmosphere of Mars (SPICAM) ultraviolet spectrograph aboard Mars Express. Steady state photoelectron fluxes and volume excitation rates have been calculated using the analytical yield spectra technique. Since interstate cascading is important for triplet states of N2, the population of any given level of N2 triplet states is calculated under statistical equilibrium considering direct excitation, cascading, and quenching effects. Relative population of all vibrational levels of each triplet state is calculated in the model. Line of sight intensities and height-integrated overhead intensities have been calculated for VK, first positive (B^3Pi_g - A^3Sigma_u^+), second positive (C^3Pi_u - B^3Pi_g), and Wu-Benesch (W^3Delta_u - B^3Pi_g) bands of N2. A reduction in the N2 density by a factor of 3 ...

Jain, Sonal Kumar

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Modern Records of Atmospheric Nitrous Oxide (N2O) and a 2000-year Ice-core  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Modern Records of Atmospheric Nitrous Oxide (N2O) and a 2000-year Ice-core Modern Records of Atmospheric Nitrous Oxide (N2O) and a 2000-year Ice-core Record from Law Dome, Antarctica Introduction This page provides an introduction and links to records of atmospheric nitrous oxide (N2O) over the last 2000 years, emphasizing large data bases each representing currently active stations. Records in recent decades (time period depending on location) have been obtained from samples of ambient-air at remote locations, which represent changing global atmospheric conditions rather than influences of local sources. The longer (2000-year) record is from the Law Dome ice core in Antarctica. The ice-core record has been merged with modern annual data from Cape Grim, Tasmania to provide a 2000-year time series of annual values. A spline function has been fit to the data to provide a continuous time series of

63

Regret-minimizing representative databases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose the k-representative regret minimization query (k-regret) as an operation to support multi-criteria decision making. Like top-k, the k-regret query assumes that users have some utility or scoring functions; however, ...

Danupon Nanongkai; Atish Das Sarma; Ashwin Lall; Richard J. Lipton; Jun Xu

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

WIPP WASTE MINIMIZATION PROGRAM DESCRIPTION  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carlsbad, New Mexico 8822 Carlsbad, New Mexico 8822 1 NOV 2 3 2011 Mr. John Kieling , Acting Bureau Chief Hazardous Waste Bureau New Mexico Environme nt Department 2905 Rodeo Park Drive East, Building 1 Santa Fe, New Mexico 87505-6303 Subject: Transmittal of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Annual Waste Minimization Report Dear Mr. Kieling: This letter provides the submittal of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Annual Waste Minimization Report. This report is required by and has bee n prepared in accordance with the WIPP Hazardous Waste Facility Perm it Part 2, Permit Condition 2.4. We certify under penalty of law that this document and all enclosures were prepared under our direction or supervision according to a system designed to assure that qualified personnel properly gather and evaluate the information submitted

65

Symmetries of Holographic Minimal Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It was recently proposed that a large N limit of a family of minimal model CFTs is dual to a certain higher spin gravity theory in AdS_3, where the 't Hooft coupling constant of the CFT is related to a deformation parameter of the higher spin algebra. We identify the asymptotic symmetry algebra of the higher spin theory for generic 't Hooft parameter, and show that it coincides with a family of W-algebras previously discovered in the context of the KP hierarchy. We furthermore demonstrate that this family of W-algebras controls the representation theory of the minimal model CFTs in the 't Hooft limit. This provides a non-trivial consistency check of the proposal and explains part of the underlying mechanism.

Matthias R. Gaberdiel; Thomas Hartman

2011-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

66

Symmetries of Holographic Minimal Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It was recently proposed that a large N limit of a family of minimal model CFTs is dual to a certain higher spin gravity theory in AdS_3, where the 't Hooft coupling constant of the CFT is related to a deformation parameter of the higher spin algebra. We identify the asymptotic symmetry algebra of the higher spin theory for generic 't Hooft parameter, and show that it coincides with a family of W-algebras previously discovered in the context of the KP hierarchy. We furthermore demonstrate that this family of W-algebras controls the representation theory of the minimal model CFTs in the 't Hooft limit. This provides a non-trivial consistency check of the proposal and explains part of the underlying mechanism.

Gaberdiel, Matthias R

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Comparison Between Dust Particle Generation In CH4 or CH4/N2 Mixing RF Plasmas  

SciTech Connect

Dust particles have been spontaneously generated either in pure CH4 or in CH4/N2 r.f. plasmas. The dust particle formation results from homogeneous nucleation in the plasma and is detected by laser light scattering (Ar+, {lambda} = 514.5 nm). The temporal and spatial behaviour of dust particles is studied. In pure methane gas, particles are trapped in well defined clouds at the plasma sheath boundaries. In a CH4/N2 mixture, the nitrogen addition leads to an expansion of the clouds. For nitrogen contents higher than 50%, the space between the electrodes is nearly completely filled with dust particles leading to plasma instabilities and a void appears in the center of the discharge. The particles are spherical with diameters in the range 0.8-2 {mu}m. For nitrogen-rich plasmas, the particles growth is improved and leads to a rough shape with an orange-peel-type surface texture.

Pereira, Jeremy; Massereau-Guilbaud, Veronique; Geraud-Grenier, Isabelle; Plain, Andre [LASEP, Faculte des Sciences, Universite d'Orleans, Site de Bourges, rue G.Berger, BP 4043, 18028 Bourges Cedex (France)

2005-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

68

Mathematical Modeling to Study the Dynamics of A Diatomic Molecule N2 in Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the present work an attempt has been made to study the dynamics of a diatomic molecule N2 in water. The proposed model consists of Langevin stochastic differential equation whose solution is obtained through Euler's method. The proposed work has been concluded by studying the behavior of statistical parameters like variance in position, variance in velocity and covariance between position and velocity. This model incorporates the important parameters like acceleration, intermolecular force, frictional force and random force.

Sharma, Nitin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Achieving N-2 Contingency from a Virtual Power Plant (VPP): A Consolidated Edison Case Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Consolidated Edison commissioned EPRI to analyze the feasibility of a Virtual Power Plant (VPP) to enhance delivery reliability in the Jamaica service area. Currently, service can be maintained at peak demand without overloads under the loss of a single transformer (N-1). Consolidated Edison foresees benefits from increasing reliability to a higher level, N-2 reliability, but the cost of adding another transformer is high, perhaps in excess of $250 million. EPRI constructed several VPP configurations us...

2010-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

70

K-groups of the quantum homogeneous space $SU_{q}(n)/SU_{q}(n-2)$  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum Steiffel manifolds were introduced by Vainerman and Podkolzin in \\cite{VP}. They classified the irreducible representations of their underlying $C^*$-algebras. Here we compute the K groups of the quantum homogeneous spaces $SU_{q}(n)/SU_{q}(n-2), n\\ge 3$. Specializing to the case $n=3$ we show that the fundamental unitary for quantum $SU(3)$ is nontrivial and is a unimodular element in $K_1$.

Chakraborty, Partha Sarathi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

K-groups of the quantum homogeneous space $SU_{q}(n)/SU_{q}(n-2)$.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum Steiffel manifolds were introduced by Vainerman and Podkolzin in \\cite{VP}. They classified the irreducible representations of their underlying $C^*$-algebras. Here we compute the K groups of the quantum homogeneous spaces $SU_{q}(n)/SU_{q}(n-2), n\\ge 3$. Specializing to the case $n=3$ we show that the fundamental unitary for quantum $SU(3)$ is nontrivial and is a unimodular element in $K_1$.

Partha Sarathi Chakraborty; S. Sundar

72

FROM THE COLOR-MAGNITUDE DIAGRAM OF {omega} CENTAURI AND (SUPER-)ASYMPTOTIC GIANT BRANCH STELLAR MODELS TO A GALACTIC PLANE PASSAGE GAS PURGING CHEMICAL EVOLUTION SCENARIO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have investigated the color-magnitude diagram of {omega} Centauri and find that the blue main sequence (bMS) can be reproduced only by models that have a helium abundance in the range Y = 0.35-0.40. To explain the faint subgiant branch of the reddest stars ('MS-a/RG-a' sequence), isochrones for the observed metallicity ([Fe/H] Almost-Equal-To -0.7) appear to require both a high age ({approx}13 Gyr) and enhanced CNO abundances ([CNO/Fe] Almost-Equal-To 0.9). Y Almost-Equal-To 0.35 must also be assumed in order to counteract the effects of high CNO on turnoff colors and thereby to obtain a good fit to the relatively blue turnoff of this stellar population. This suggests a short chemical evolution period of time (=} 6.8 M{sub Sun }, M{sub He,core} {>=} 1.245 M{sub Sun }) predict too large N enhancements, which limit their role in contributing to the extreme populations. In order to address the observed central concentration of stars with He-rich abundance, we show here quantitatively that highly He- and N-enriched AGB ejecta have particularly efficient cooling properties. Based on these results and on the reconstruction of the orbit of {omega} Cen with respect to the Milky Way, we propose the Galactic plane passage gas purging scenario for the chemical evolution of this cluster. The bMS population formed shortly after the purging of most of the cluster gas as a result of the passage of {omega} Cen through the Galactic disk (which occurs today every {approx}40 Myr for {omega} Cen) when the initial mass function of the dominant population had 'burned' through most of the Type II supernova mass range. AGB stars would eject most of their masses into the gas-depleted cluster through low-velocity winds that sink to the cluster core due to their favorable cooling properties and form the bMS population. In our discussion we follow our model through four passage events, which could explain some key properties not only of the bMS but also of the MS-a/RGB-a and the s-enriched stars.

Herwig, Falk; VandenBerg, Don A.; Navarro, Julio F. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria, P.O. Box 3055, Victoria, BC V8W 3P6 (Canada); Ferguson, Jason [Department of Physics, Wichita State University Wichita, KS 67260 (United States); Paxton, Bill, E-mail: fherwig@uvic.ca, E-mail: vandenbe@uvic.ca, E-mail: jason.ferguson@wichita.edu, E-mail: paxton@kitp.ucsb.edu [KITP/UC Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 (United States)

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

About the ZOOM minimization package  

SciTech Connect

A new object-oriented Minimization package is available for distribution in the same manner as CLHEP. This package, designed for use in HEP applications, has all the capabilities of Minuit, but is a re-write from scratch, adhering to modern C++ design principles. A primary goal of this package is extensibility in several directions, so that its capabilities can be kept fresh with as little maintenance effort as possible. This package is distinguished by the priority that was assigned to C++ design issues, and the focus on producing an extensible system that will resist becoming obsolete.

Fischler, M.; Sachs, D.; /Fermilab

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Annual Waste Minimization Summary Report  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the waste minimization efforts undertaken by National Security Technologies, LLC (NSTec), for the U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO), during CY06. This report was developed in accordance with the requirements of the Nevada Test Site (NTS) Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Permit (No. NEV HW0021) and as clarified in a letter dated April 21, 1995, from Paul Liebendorfer of the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection to Donald Elle of the DOE, Nevada Operations Office. The NNSA/NSO Pollution Prevention (P2) Program establishes a process to reduce the volume and toxicity of waste generated by the NNSA/NSO and ensures that proposed methods of treatment, storage, and/or disposal of waste minimize potential threats to human health and the environment. The following information provides an overview of the P2 Program, major P2 accomplishments during the reporting year, a comparison of the current year waste generation to prior years, and a description of efforts undertaken during the year to reduce the volume and toxicity of waste generated by the NNSA/NSO.

Alfred J. Karns

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Quantum N = 2 Supersymmetric Black Holes in the S-T Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider axion-free quantum corrected black hole solutions in the context of the heterotic S-T model with half the N=2, D=4 supersymmetries unbroken. We express the perturbatively corrected entropy in terms of the electric and magnetic charges in such a way, that target-space duality invariance is manifest. We also discuss the microscopic origin of particular quantum black hole configurations. We propose a microscopic interpretation in terms of a gas of closed membranes for the instanton corrections to the entropy.

Behrndt, K; Gaida, I

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

The free energy of N=2 supersymmetric AdS_4 solutions of M-theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that general N=2 supersymmetric AdS_4 solutions of M-theory with non-zero M2-brane charge admit a canonical contact structure. The free energy of the dual superconformal field theory on S^3 and the scaling dimensions of operators dual to supersymmetric wrapped M5-branes are expressed via AdS/CFT in terms of contact volumes. In particular, this leads to topological and localization formulae for the coefficient of N^{3/2} in the free energy of such solutions.

Maxime Gabella; Dario Martelli; Achilleas Passias; James Sparks

2011-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

77

Isotopic Analysis of N and O in Nitrite and Nitrate by Sequential Selective Bacterial Reduction to N2O  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

composition of NO2 - is linked to those of NO3 -, N2O, NH4 +, and N2 gas, the production or consumption in natural aquatic systems is poorly understood. Isotopic data can be used to study the sources independently, reproducible 15N and 18O values were obtained at both natural-abundance levels ((0.2-0.5 for 15N

78

Simulation of Stratospheric N2O in the NCAR CCM2: Comparison with CLAES Data and Global Budget Analyses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Global variability and budgets of stratospheric nitrous oxide (N2O) are studied using output from a stratospheric version of the NCAR Community Climate Model. The model extends over 0–80 km, incorporating an N2O-like tracer with tropospheric ...

William J. Randel; Byron A. Boville; John C. Gille; Paul L. Bailey; Steven T. Massie; J. B. Kumer; J. L. Mergenthaler; A. E. Roche

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Waste Minimization Plan Colorado School of Mines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Waste Minimization Plan Colorado School of Mines Prepared by: Environmental Health and Safety Department Revised February 2008 #12;Waste Minimization Plan Table of Contents Policy Statement Based Chemical Inventory and Database................................................4 Centralized Waste

80

Waste minimization plan, T plant facilities  

SciTech Connect

This document contains the waste minimization plan for the T Plant facilities, located in the 200 West Area of the Hanford Site in south central Washington State. A waste minimization plan is one part of a multi-faceted waste management program; this waste minimization plan documents the goals and techniques of the waste minimization program, identifies methods for evaluating the program and ensuring quality assurance, and establishes the current baseline waste generation volume estimates.

Kover, K.K.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n2 purged minimal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Polynomial Fusion Rings of Logarithmic Minimal Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We identify quotient polynomial rings isomorphic to the recently found fundamental fusion algebras of logarithmic minimal models.

Jorgen Rasmussen; Paul A. Pearce

2007-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

82

M31 PIXEL LENSING EVENT OAB-N2: A STUDY OF THE LENS PROPER MOTION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present an updated analysis of the M31 pixel lensing candidate event OAB-N2 previously reported by Calchi Novati et al. Here we take advantage of new data both astrometrical and photometrical. For astrometry: using archival 4 m KPNO and Hubble Space Telescope/WFPC2 data we perform a detailed analysis of the event source whose result, although not fully conclusive on the source magnitude determination, is confirmed by the following light curve photometry analysis. For photometry: first, unpublished WeCAPP data allow us to confirm OAB-N2, previously reported only as a viable candidate, as a well-constrained pixel lensing event. Second, this photometry enables a detailed analysis in the event parameter space including the effects due to a finite source size. The combined results of these analyses allow us to put a strong lower limit on the lens proper motion. This outcome favors the MACHO lensing hypothesis over self-lensing for this individual event and points the way toward distinguishing between the MACHO and self-lensing hypotheses from larger data sets.

Calchi Novati, S.; Bozza, V.; Mancini, L.; Scarpetta, G. [Dipartimento di Fisica 'E. R. Caianiello', Universita di Salerno, Via Ponte Don Melillo, 84084 Fisciano (Italy); Dall'Ora, M. [INAF-OAC, Naples (Italy); Gould, A. [Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University, 140 West 18th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Bruni, I.; Gualandi, R. [INAF-OAB, Bologna (Italy); De Paolis, F.; Ingrosso, G.; Strafella, F. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita del Salento, Via Arnesano, 73100 Lecce (Italy); Dominik, M. [SUPA, University of St. Andrews, School of Physics and Astronomy, North Haugh, St. Andrews, KY16 9SS (United Kingdom); Jetzer, Ph. [Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Zuerich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057 Zuerich (Switzerland); Nucita, A. [XMM-Newton Science Operations Centre, ESAC, ESA, P.O. Box 78, 28691 Villanueva de la Canada, Madrid (Spain); Sereno, M. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129 Torino (Italy)

2010-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

83

Using minimal absent words to build phylogeny  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An absent word in a sequence is a segment that does not occur in the given sequence. It is a minimal absent word if all its proper factors occur in the given sequence. In this paper, we review the concept of minimal absent words, which includes the notion ... Keywords: Forbidden words, Minimal absent words, Phylogeny construction, String similarity, Trie of bounded depth

Supaporn Chairungsee; Maxime Crochemore

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

The bioinorganic chemistry of N2S2 metal complexes: reactivity and ligating ability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

[N,N??-bis-(mercaptoethyl)-1,5-diazacyclooctanato]NiII, Ni-1, is known to undergo metallation reactions with numerous metals. [N,N??-bis-(mercaptoethyl)-1,5-diazacycloheptanato]NiII, (bme-dach)Ni or Ni-1??, differs from Ni-1 by one less carbon in its diazacycle backbone ring producing subtle differences in N2S2Ni geometry. Metallation of Ni-1?? with PdCl2, Pd(NO3)2, and NiBr2 produced three structural forms: Ni2Pd basket, Ni4Pd2 C4-paddlewheel, and Ni3 slant chair. In attempts to provide a rationale for the heterogeneity in the active site of Acetyl coA Synthase, metal ion capture studies of Ni-1 in methanol found a qualitative ranking of metal ion preference: Zn2+ copper some 15 orders of magnitude above nickel or zinc in binding affinity. Sulfur dioxide uptake by Ni-1?? is characterized by significant color change, improved adduct solubility, and reversible binding of two equivalents of SO2. These combined properties establish Ni-1?? as a suitable model for gas uptake at nickel thiolate sites and as a possibly useful chemical sensor for this poisonous gas. Comparisons of molecular structures,? ?(SO) stretching frequencies, and thermal gravimetric analyses are made to reported adducts including the diazacyclooctane derivative, Ni-1?2SO2. Visual SO2 detection limits of Ni-1 and Ni-1?? are established at 25 ppm and 100 ppm, respectively. Structural studies of products resulting from reaction at the nucleophilic S-sites of (bme-dach)Ni and [(bme-dach)Zn]2 included acetyl chloride and sodium iodoacetate as electrophiles are shown. The acetyl group is a natural electrophile important to the citric acid cycle. Acetylation of (bme-dach)Ni produces a five coordinate, paramagnetic species. Iodoacetate is a cysteine modification agent known to inhibit enzymatic activity. The reaction of (bme-dach)Ni and sodium iodoacetate yields a blue, six coordinate nickel complex in a N2S2O2 donor environment. The bismercaptodiazacycloheptane ligand binds lead(II) forming an unprecedented structural form of N2S2M dimers, in which Pb2+ is largely bound to sulfur in a highly distorted trigonal geometry. Its unusual structure is described in comparison to other derivatives of the bme-daco ligand. The synthesis and structural characterization of square pyramidal (bme-dach)GaCl are also given and compared to the analogous (bme-daco)GaCl.

Golden, Melissa Lynn

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Enhanced CO2/N2 Selectivity in Amidoxime-Modified Porous Carbon  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, we examine the use of the amidoxime functional group grafted onto a hierarchical porous carbon framework for the selective capture and removal of carbon dioxide from combustion streams. Measured CO2/N2 ideal selectivity values for the amidoxime-grafted carbon were significantly higher than the pristine porous carbon with improvements of 65%. Though the overall CO2 capacity decreased slightly for the activated carbon from 4.97 mmol g-1 to 4.24 mmol g-1 after surface modification due to a reduction in the total surface area, the isosteric heats of adsorption increased after amidoxime incorporation indicating an increased interaction of CO2 with the sorbent. Total capacity was reproducible and stable after multiple adsorption/desorption cycles with no loss of capacity suggesting that modification with the amidoxime group is a potential method to enhance carbon capture.

Mahurin, Shannon Mark [ORNL] [ORNL; Gorka, Joanna [ORNL] [ORNL; Nelson, Kimberly M [ORNL] [ORNL; Mayes, Richard T [ORNL] [ORNL; Dai, Sheng [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Logarithmic Corrections to N=2 Black Hole Entropy: An Infrared Window into the Microstates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Logarithmic corrections to the extremal black hole entropy can be computed purely in terms of the low energy data -- the spectrum of massless fields and their interaction. The demand of reproducing these corrections provides a strong constraint on any microscopic theory of quantum gravity that attempts to explain the black hole entropy. Using quantum entropy function formalism we compute logarithmic corrections to the entropy of half BPS black holes in N=2 supersymmetric string theories. Our results allow us to test various proposals for the measure in the OSV formula, and we find agreement with the measure proposed by Denef and Moore if we assume their result to be valid at weak topological string coupling. Our analysis also gives the logarithmic corrections to the entropy of extremal Reissner-Nordstrom black holes in ordinary Einstein-Maxwell theory.

Ashoke Sen

2011-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

87

The N = 2 and N = 4 Supersymmetric Extensions of the Lorentz- and CPT-Violating Term in Abelian Gauge Theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work, we propose the N=2 and N=4 supersymmetric extensions of the Lorentz-breaking Abelian Chern-Simons term. We formulate the question of the Lorentz violation in 6 and 10 dimensions to obtain the bosonic sectors of N=2, and N=4, supersymmetries, respectively. From this, we carry out an analysis in N=1, D=4 superspace and, in terms of N=1, superfields, we are able to write down the N=2 and N=4 supersymmetric versions of the Lorentz-violating action term.

Wander G. Ney; J. A. Helayel-Neto; Wesley Spalenza

2004-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

88

Turbine blade platform film cooling with simulated stator-rotor purge flow with varied seal width and upstream wake with vortex  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The turbine blade platform can be protected from hot mainstream gases by injecting cooler air through the gap between stator and rotor. The effectiveness of this film cooling method depends on the geometry of the slot, the quantity of injected air, and the secondary flows near the platform. The purpose of this study was to measure the effect of the upstream vane or stator on this type of platform cooling, as well as the effect of changes in the width of the gap. Film cooling effectiveness distributions were obtained on a turbine blade platform within a linear cascade with upstream slot injection. The width of the slot was varied as well as the mass flow rate of the injected coolant. Obstacles were placed upstream to model the effect of the upstream vane. The coolant was injected through an advanced labyrinth seal to simulate purge flow through a stator-rotor seal. The width of the opening of this seal was varied to simulate the effect of misalignment. Stationary rods were placed upstream of the cascade in four phase locations to model the unsteady wake formed at the trailing edge of the upstream vane. Delta wings were also placed in four positions to create a vortex similar to the passage vortex at the exit of the vane. The film cooling effectiveness distributions were measured using pressure-sensitive paint (PSP). Reducing the width of the slot was found to decrease the area of coolant coverage, although the film cooling effectiveness close to the slot was slightly increased. The unsteady wake was found to have a trivial effect on platform cooling, while the passage vortex from the upstream vane may significantly reduce the film cooling effectiveness.

Blake, Sarah Anne

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

A PROXIMAL METHOD FOR COMPOSITE MINIMIZATION? 1 ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jul 17, 2013 ... (1.1) arises in the area of regularized minimization, where the ..... polyhedral convex functions (Section 3) includes the papers of Yuan [50, 51].

90

Joint minimization with alternating Bregman proximity operators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dec 28, 2004 ... Joint minimization with alternating Bregman proximity operators. H. H. Bauschke (hbauschk ***at*** uoguelph.ca) P. L. Combettes (plc ***at*** ...

91

Optimization Online - Hankel Matrix Rank Minimization with ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aug 29, 2012 ... Abstract: We introduce a flexible optimization framework for nuclear norm minimization of matrices with linear structure, including Hankel, ...

92

High resolution n = 3 to n = 2 spectra of neon-like silver  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Spectra of the n = 3 to n = 2 transitions in neon-like silver emitted from the Princeton Large Torus have been recorded with a high-resolution Bragg-crystal spectrometer. The measurements cover the wavelength region 3.3 to 4.1 A and include the forbidden 3p ..-->.. 2p electric quadrupole lines. Transitions in the adjacent sodium-like, and aluminum-like charge states of silver have also been observed and identified. The Ly-..cap alpha.. spectra of hydrogen-like argon and iron, the K..cap alpha.. spectra of helium-like argon, potassium, manganese, and iron, and the K..beta.. spectrum of helium-like argon fall in the same wavelength region in first or second order and have been measured concurrently. These spectra provide a coherent set of wavelength reference data obtained with the same spectrometer and from the same tokamak. This set is used as a basis to compare wavelength predictions for one- and two-electron systems to each other and to determine the transition energies of the silver lines with great accuracy.

Beiersdorfer, P.; Bitter, M.; von Goeler, S.; Cohen, S.; Hill, K.W.; Timberlake, J.; Walling, R.S.; Chen, M.H.; Hagelstein, P.L.; Scofield, J.H.

1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Measurement of the 241Am (n, 2n) reaction cross section, by the activation method  

SciTech Connect

The measurement of the cross section of the reaction 241Am (n, 2n)240Am, has been performed, for the first time at neutron energies from 8.8, to 11.1MeV, by the activation method. The neutron beam was produced at the TANDEM accelerator of NCSR 'Demokritos', by the 2H (d,n)3 He reaction, using a deuterium gas target. During the 5-day long irradiation, the neutron beam fluctuations were monitored in 100 sec intervals by a BF3 counter connected with a multi-scaling unit. The radioactive target consisted of a 37GBq 241Am source enclosed in a Pb container. A natural Au foil, a 27Al foil and a 93Nb foil were used as reference materials for the neutron flux determination. After the end of the irradiation the activity induced at the target and the reference foils, was measured off-line by a 56 % HPGe detector.

Perdikakis, G. [Department of Physics, National Technical University of Athens (Greece); Institute of Nuclear Physics, NCSR ' Demokritos' , Athens (Greece); Papadopoulos, C. T.; Vlastou, R.; Kokkoris, M.; Patronis, N. [Department of Physics, National Technical University of Athens (Greece); Lagoyannis, A.; Spyrou, A.; Zarkadas, Ch.; Kalyva, G.; Kossionides, S. [Institute of Nuclear Physics, NCSR ' Demokritos' , Athens (Greece); Karamanis, D. [Department of Physics, School of Natural Sciences, University of Ioannina (Greece); Tsabaris, C. [Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, P.O. Box 712 Anavyssos (Greece)

2006-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

94

Information acquisition in minimal window search  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The alpha-beta tree search algorithm can be improved through the use of minimal windows. Branches are searched with a minimal window [a,a+l] with the expectancy that this will show the sub-tree to be inferior. If not, then that sub-tree must be re-searched. ...

Alexander Reinefeld; Jonathan Schaeffer; T. A. Marsland

1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Link energy minimization for wireless networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we formalize the problem of minimizing the energy dissipated to successfully transmit a single information bit over a link, considering circuit power consumption, packetization and retransmission overhead, bit/packet error probability, ... Keywords: Circuit power consumption, Energy minimization, Fixed average power, Fixed average rate

Tianqi Wang; Wendi Heinzelman; Alireza Seyedi

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Five Intermediate-Period Planets from the N2K Sample  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report the detection of five Jovian mass planets orbiting high metallicity stars. Four of these stars were first observed as part of the N2K program and exhibited low RMS velocity scatter after three consecutive observations. However, follow-up observations over the last three years now reveal the presence of longer period planets with orbital periods ranging from 21 days to a few years. HD 11506 is a G0V star with a planet of \\msini = 4.74 \\mjup in a 3.85 year orbit. HD 17156 is a G0V star with a 3.12 \\mjup planet in a 21.2 day orbit. The eccentricity of this orbit is 0.67, one of the highest known for a planet with a relatively short period. The orbital period for this planet places it in a region of parameter space where relatively few planets have been detected. HD 125612 is a G3V star with a planet of \\msini = 3.5 \\mjup in a 1.4 year orbit. HD 170469 is a G5IV star with a planet of \\msini = 0.67 \\mjup in a 3.13 year orbit. HD 231701 is an F8V star with planet of 1.08 \\mjup in a 142 day orbit. All of these stars have supersolar metallicity. Three of the five stars were observed photometrically but showed no evidence of brightness variability. A transit search conducted for HD 17156 was negative but covered only 25% of the search space and so is not conclusive.

Debra A. Fischer; Steven S. Vogt; Geoffrey W. Marcy; R. Paul Butler; Bun'ei Sato; Gregory W. Henry; Sarah Robinson; Gregory Laughlin; Shigeru Ida; Eri Toyota; Masashi Omiya; Peter Driscoll; Genya Takeda; Jason T. Wright; John A. Johnson

2007-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

97

Preoperative Chemotherapy Versus Preoperative Chemoradiotherapy for Stage III (N2) Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To compare preoperative chemotherapy (ChT) and preoperative chemoradiotherapy (ChT-RT) in operable Stage III non-small-cell lung cancer. Methods and Materials: This retrospective study analyzed all patients with pathologically confirmed Stage III (N2) non-small-cell lung cancer who initiated preoperative ChT or ChT-RT at Duke University between 1995 and 2006. Mediastinal pathologic complete response (pCR) rates were compared using a chi-square test. The actuarial overall survival, disease-free survival, and local control were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared using the log-rank test. Multivariate Cox regression analysis was also performed. Results: A total of 101 patients who initiated preoperative therapy with planned resection were identified. The median follow-up was 20 months for all patients and 38 months for survivors. The mediastinal lymph nodes were reassessed after preoperative therapy in 88 patients (87%). Within this group, a mediastinal pCR was achieved in 35% after preoperative ChT vs. 65% after preoperative ChT-RT (p = 0.01). Resection was performed in 69% after ChT and 84% after ChT-RT (p = 0.1). For all patients, the overall survival, disease-free survival, and local control rate at 3 years was 40%, 27%, and 66%, respectively. No statistically significant differences were found in the clinical endpoints between the ChT and ChT-RT subgroups. On multivariate analysis, a mediastinal pCR was associated with improved disease-free survival (p = 0.03) and local control (p = 0.03), but not overall survival (p = 0.86). Conclusion: Preoperative ChT-RT was associated with higher mediastinal pCR rates but not improved survival.

Higgins, Kristin, E-mail: kristin.higgins@duke.ed [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University of Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Chino, Junzo P. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University of Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Marks, Lawrence B. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC (United States); Ready, Neal [Department of Medicine, Division of Medical Oncology, Duke University of Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); D'Amico, Thomas A. [Department of Surgery, Division of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, Duke University of Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Clough, Robert W.; Kelsey, Chris R. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University of Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States)

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Waste Minimization and Pollution Prevention | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Waste Minimization and Pollution Prevention Waste Minimization and Pollution Prevention Calibration Facilities Ecosystem Management Team Environmental Justice Environmental...

99

Benzene-derived N2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-deoxyguanosine adduct: UvrABC incision and its conformation in DNA  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Benzene, a ubiquitous human carcinogen, forms DNA adducts through its metabolites such as p-benzoquinone (p-BQ) and hydroquinone (HQ). N(2)-(4-Hydroxyphenyl)-2'-deoxyguanosine (N(2)-4-HOPh-dG) is the principal adduct identified in vivo by (32)P-postlabeling in cells or animals treated with p-BQ or HQ. To study its effect on repair specificity and replication fidelity, we recently synthesized defined oligonucleotides containing a site-specific adduct using phosphoramidite chemistry. We here report the repair of this adduct by Escherichia coli UvrABC complex, which performs the initial damage recognition and incision steps in the nucleotide excision repair (NER) pathway. We first showed that the p-BQ-treated plasmid was efficiently cleaved by the complex, indicating the formation of DNA lesions that are substrates for NER. Using a 40-mer substrate, we found that UvrABC incises the DNA strand containing N(2)-4-HOPh-dG in a dose- and time-dependent manner. The specificity of such repair was also compared with that of DNA glycosylases and damage-specific endonucleases of E. coli, both of which were found to have no detectable activity toward N(2)-4-HOPh-dG. To understand why this adduct is specifically recognized and processed by UvrABC, molecular modeling studies were performed. Analysis of molecular dynamics trajectories showed that stable G:C-like hydrogen bonding patterns of all three Watson-Crick hydrogen bonds are present within the N(2)-4-HOPh-G:C base pair, with the hydroxyphenyl ring at an almost planar position. In addition, N(2)-4-HOPh-dG has a tendency to form more stable stacking interactions than a normal G in B-type DNA. These conformational properties may be critical in differential recognition of this adduct by specific repair enzymes.

Hang, Bo; Rodriguez, Ben; Yang, Yanu; Guliaev, Anton B.; Chenna, Ahmed

2010-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

100

Ambient Measurements of the NOx Reservoir Species N2O5 using Cavity Ring-down Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The regulated control of pollutants is essential to maintaining good air quality in urban areas. A major concern is the formation of tropospheric ozone, which can be especially harmful to those with lung conditions and has been linked to the occurrence of asthma. Ozone is formed through reactions of oxidized volatile organic compounds with nitrogen oxides, and the accurate modeling of the process is necessary for smart and effective regulations. Ambient measurements are important to understanding the mechanisms involved in tropospheric chemistry. This dissertation describes the characterization of a novel instrument for the ambient measurement of dinitrogen pentoxide, N2O5, and the results of several field studies. This is an important intermediate in the major nighttime loss pathway of nitrogen oxides. The understanding of this process requires correct modeling formation, as any nitrogen oxides not removed at night will result in increased ozone formation at sunrise. Calibration studies have been performed in order to quantify the loss of reactive species within the instrument, and the sampling flow and N2O5 detection have been well characterized. The results of the laboratory measurements are presented. Results are presented from the SHARP Field Study in Houston, TX in the spring of 2009. N2O5 measurements are compared to measurements of other species, including nitric acid and nitryl chloride, which were performed by other research groups. Mixing ratios exceeding 300 ppt were observed following ozone exceedance days, and a dependence of the concentration on both wind speed and direction was noticed. There was a strong correlation determined between N2O5 with HNO3 and ClNO2 indicating both a fast heterogeneous hydrolysis and N2O5 as the primary source of the species. Observed atmospheric lifetimes for N2O5 were short, ranging from several seconds to several minutes. We have also investigated the presence of N2O5 in College Station, TX. Low mixing ratios peaking at approximately 20 ppt were observed, with longer atmospheric lifetimes of up to several hours. The role of biogenic emissions in the NO3-N2O5 equilibrium is discussed.

Geidosch, Justine Nicole

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n2 purged minimal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Waste minimization and pollution prevention awareness plan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this plan is to document the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) Waste Minimization and Pollution Prevention Awareness Program. The plan specifies those activities and methods that are or will be employed to reduce the quantity and toxicity of wastes generated at the site. The intent of this plan is to respond to and comply with (DOE's) policy and guidelines concerning the need for pollution prevention. The Plan is composed of a LLNL Waste Minimization and Pollution Prevention Awareness Program Plan and, as attachments, Program- and Department-specific waste minimization plans. This format reflects the fact that waste minimization is considered a line management responsibility and is to be addressed by each of the Programs and Departments. 14 refs.

Not Available

1991-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

102

proximal thresholding algorithm for minimization over orthonormal ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sep 9, 2006 ... tion over orthonormal bases that covers a wide range of problems, and establish .... its set of global minimizers is denoted by Argminf, ...... [24] O. Güler, Convergence rate estimates for the gradient differential inclusion, Optim.

103

Minimal Cover-Automata for Finite Languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A cover-automaton A of a finite language L ? ?* is a finite automaton that accepts all words in L and possibly other words that are longer than any word in L. A minimal deterministic cover automaton of a finite ...

Cezar Campeanu; Nicolae Sântean; Sheng Yu

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

SASS Wind Ambiguity Removal by Direct Minimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A gridded surface wind analysis is obtained by minimizing an objective function, the magnitude of which measures the error made by the gridded analysis in fitting the SASS wind data, the conventional surface wind observations and the forecast ...

Ross N. Hoffman

1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Minimal capacity points and the Lowest eigenfunctions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce the concept of the point of minimal capacity of the domain, and observe a connection between this point and the lowest eigenfunction of a Laplacian on this domain, in one special case.

Mark Levi; Jia Pan

2011-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

106

Developing Greenhouse Gas Emissions Offsets by Reducing Nitrous Oxide (N2O) Emissions in Agricultural Crop Production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This final project report describes a three-year long EPRI supplemental project entitled "Developing Greenhouse Gas Emissions Offsets by Reducing Nitrous Oxide (N2O) Emissions." This EPRI-sponsored project investigated an innovative approach to developing large-scale, cost-effective greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions offsets that potentially can be implemented across broad geographic areas of the United States and internationally.

2009-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

107

Developing Greenhouse Gas Emissions Offsets by Reducing Nitrous Oxide (N2O) Emissions in Agricultural Crop Production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Technical Update covers the first year of a three-year-long EPRI research project entitled Developing Greenhouse Gas Emissions Offsets by Reducing Nitrous Oxide (N2O) Emissions in Agricultural Crop Production. The report provides a project overview and explains the preliminary results yielded from the first year of on-farm research.

2007-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

108

Effect of the Reaction N + NO ? N*2(v = 5) + O on the Production of NO by Lightning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The channel heating model is used to study the NO production by lightning. The reaction N+NO?N*2 (v = 5)+O is included in this model to investigate the effect on NO production. The calculations show significant changes in the NO production ...

Rajesh Kumar; Vir Singh; Jagdish Rai

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Waste Minimization and Pollution Prevention Awareness Plan  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this plan is to document the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) Waste Minimization and Pollution Prevention Awareness Program. The plan specifies those activities and methods that are or will be employed to reduce the quantity and toxicity of wastes generated at the site. It is intended to satisfy Department of Energy (DOE) and other legal requirements that are discussed in Section C, below. The Pollution Prevention Awareness Program is included with the Waste Minimization Program as suggested by DOE Order 5400.1. The intent of this plan is to respond to and comply with the Department`s policy and guidelines concerning the need for pollution prevention. The Plan is composed of a LLNL Waste Minimization and Pollution Prevention Awareness Program Plan and, as attachments, Directorate-, Program- and Department-specific waste minimization plans. This format reflects the fact that waste minimization is considered a line management responsibility and is to be addressed by each of the Directorates, Programs and Departments. Several Directorates have been reorganized, necessitating changes in the Directorate plans that were published in 1991.

Not Available

1992-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

110

One-dimensional Gromov minimal filling problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper is devoted to a new branch in the theory of one-dimensional variational problems with branching extremals, the investigation of one-dimensional minimal fillings introduced by the authors. On the one hand, this problem is a one-dimensional version of a generalization of Gromov's minimal fillings problem to the case of stratified manifolds. On the other hand, this problem is interesting in itself and also can be considered as a generalization of another classical problem, the Steiner problem on the construction of a shortest network connecting a given set of terminals. Besides the statement of the problem, we discuss several properties of the minimal fillings and state several conjectures. Bibliography: 38 titles.

Ivanov, Alexandr O; Tuzhilin, Alexey A

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

111

N=1 extension of minimal model holography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The CFT dual of the higher spin theory with minimal N = 1 spectrum is determined. Unlike previous examples of minimal model holography, there is no free parameter beyond the central charge, and the CFT can be described in terms of a non-diagonal modular invariant of the bosonic theory at the special value of the 't Hooft parameter lambda=1/2. As evidence in favour of the duality we show that the symmetry algebras as well as the partition functions agree between the two descriptions.

Matteo Beccaria; Constantin Candu; Matthias R. Gaberdiel; Michael Groher

2013-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

112

Non-minimal inflation and SUSY GUTs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Standard Model Higgs boson with the nonminimal coupling to the gravitational curvature can drive cosmological inflation. We study this type of inflationary scenario in the context of supergravity. We first point out that it is naturally implemented in the minimal supersymmetric SU(5) model, and hence virtually in any GUT models. Next we propose another scenario based on the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model supplemented by the right-handed neutrinos. These models can be tested by new observational data from the Planck satellite experiments within a few years.

Okada, Nobuchika [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama 35487 (United States)

2012-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

113

Developing Greenhouse Gas Emissions Offsets by Reducing Nitrous Oxide (N2O) Emissions in Agricultural Crop Production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report covers the first two years of a three-year long project entitled "Developing Greenhouse Gas Emissions Offsets by Reducing Nitrous Oxide (N2O) Emissions." This EPRI-sponsored project is investigating an innovative approach to developing large-scale and potentially cost-effective greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions offsets that could be implemented across broad geographic areas of the U.S. and internationally. The tools and information developed in this project will broaden the GHG emissions offset ...

2008-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

114

Vortex Solutions and a Novel Role for R-parity in an N=2-Supersymmetric Model for Graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a previous work, we have been able to settle Jackiw's et al. chiral gauge theory for Dirac fermions in graphene in an N=1 supersymmetric framework, using a tau3-QED prescription, defined by means of a single pair of gauge charged superfields, but without preserving a global phase symmetry associated to the electric charge. In the present work, we propose another N=1-generalisation which indeed preserves this symmetry, namely, a straightforward extension built upon a set of two pairs of (chiral) gauge-charged superfields plus an extra pair of electrically neutral superfields. We then further proceed to establish, via a dimensional reduction procedure, an N=2 extension, allowing for the identification of non-perturbative features, as we put forward Bogomol'nyi equations and obtain vortex-like solutions saturating a topologically non-trivial bound. Remarkably, the bosonic projection of the N=2 functional space onto the saturated regime analysed herewith reveals to be free from extra scalar degrees of freedom that would otherwise demand a phenomenological interpretation. The investigation of Jackiw's model within an N=2 complex superspace is also motivated by the assumption that an R-parity-like symmetry could provide a route to incorporate the global phase-fermion number invariance as an external-like symmetry of the theory, thus associating the electric charge in graphene to the complex covariance (super-)space for the N=2-D=3 setup. We prove such a hypothesis to be realisable, as we build up the model endowed with all the symmetries required to further extend Jackiw's chiral gauge theory.

Everton M. C. Abreu; Marco A. De Andrade; Leonardo P. G. De Assis; José A. Helayël-Neto; A. L. M. A. Nogueira; Ricardo C. Paschoal

2013-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

115

Evidence of N2-Ice On the Surface of the Icy Dwarf Planet 136472 (2005 FY9)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present high signal precision optical reflectance spectra of 2005 FY9 taken with the Red Channel Spectrograph and the 6.5-m MMT telescope on 2006 March 4 UT (5000 - 9500 A; 6.33 A pixel-1) and 2007 February 12 UT (6600 - 8500 A; 1.93 A pixel-1). From cross correlation experiments between the 2006 March 4 spectrum and a pure CH4-ice Hapke model, we find the CH4-ice bands in the MMT spectrum are blueshifted by 3 +/- 4 A relative to bands in the pure CH4-ice Hapke spectrum. The higher resolution MMT spectrum of 2007 February 12 UT enabled us to measure shifts of individual CH4-ice bands. We find the 7296 A, 7862 A, and 7993 A CH4-ice bands are blueshifted by 4 +/- 2 A, 4 +/- 4 A, and 6 +/- 5 A. From four measurements we report here and one of our previously published measurements, we find the CH4-ice bands are shifted by 4 +/- 1 A. This small shift is important because it suggest the presence of another ice component on the surface of 2005 FY9. Laboratory experiments show that CH4-ice bands in spectra of CH4 mixed with other ices are blueshifted relative to bands in spectra of pure CH4-ice. A likely candidate for the other component is N2-ice because its weak 2.15 micron band and blueshifted CH4 bands are seen in spectra of Triton and Pluto. Assuming the shift is due to the presence of N2, spectra taken on two consecutive nights show no difference in CH4/N2. In addition, we find no measureable difference in CH4/N2 at different depths into the surface of 2005 FY9.

S. C. Tegler; W. M. Grundy; F. Vilas; W. Romanishin; D. Cornelison; G. J. Consolmagno

2008-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

116

Minimizing driver's irritation at a roadblock  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Urban traffic is a logistic issue which can have many societal implications, especially when, due to a too high density of cars, the network of streets of a city becomes blocked, and consequently, pedestrians, bicycles, and cars start sharing the same traffic conditions potentially leading to high irritations (of people) and therefore to chaos. In this paper we focus our attention on a simple scenario: We model the driver's irritation induced by the presence of a roadblock. As a natural generalization, we extend the model for the two one-way crossroads traffic presented by M.E. Fouladvand and M. Nematollahi to that of a roadblock. Our discrete model defines and minimizes the total waiting time. The novelty lies in introducing the (total) driver's irritation and its minimization. Finally, we apply our model to a real-world situation: rush hour traffic in Hillegom, The Netherlands. We observe that minimizing the total waiting time and minimizing the total driver's irritation lead to different traffic light stra...

Vleugels, C J J; Anthonissen, M J H; Seidman, T I

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Minimal cover-automata for finite languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A cover-automaton A of a finite language L &Sgr; is a finite deterministic automaton (DFA) that accepts all words in L and possibly other words that are longer than any word in L. A minimal deterministic finite cover automaton ... Keywords: cover language, deterministic cover automata, deterministic finite automata, finite automata, finite languages

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

A Risk Minimization Framework for Information Retrieval  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Risk Minimization Framework for Information Retrieval ChengXiang Zhai a John Lafferty b Carnegie Mellon University Abstract This paper presents a probabilistic information retrieval framework of decades of research in information retrieval, many different information retrieval models have been

Lafferty, John

119

A Risk Minimization Framework for Information Retrieval  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Risk Minimization Framework for Information Retrieval ChengXiang Zhai a John Lafferty b a University Abstract This paper presents a probabilistic information retrieval framework in which in information retrieval, many different information retrieval models have been proposed and studied. While

Lafferty, John

120

Power minimization for dynamically reconfigurable FPGA partitioning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dynamically reconfigurable FPGA (DRFPGA) implements a given circuit system by partitioning it into stages and then executing each stage sequentially. Traditionally, the number of communication buffers is minimized. In this article, we study the partitioning ... Keywords: Dynamically reconfigurable FPGA, power optimization, reconfigurable computing, temporal partitioning

Tzu-Chiang Tai; Yen-Tai Lai

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n2 purged minimal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Free Parameters and Frameworks in Minimal Supersymmetry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

405 Appendix A Free Parameters and Frameworks in Minimal Supersymmetry It is useful to discuss what the various schemes that exist for reducing the set of free parameters to a manageable number. The information, and so is fixed by experiment. The free parameters consist mainly of the coefficients of the "soft

122

Free Parameters and Frameworks in Minimal Supersymmetry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

405 Appendix A Free Parameters and Frameworks in Minimal Supersymmetry It is useful to discuss what the various schemes that exist for reducing the set of free parameters to a manageable number. The information, and so is fixed by experiment. The free parameters consist mainly of the coe#cients of the ``soft

123

Artistic minimal rendering with lines and blocks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many non-photorealistic rendering techniques exist to produce artistic effects from given images. Inspired by various artists, interesting effects can be produced by using a minimal rendering, where the minimum refers to the number of tones as well as ... Keywords: Image abstraction, Line drawing, Non-photorealistic rendering, Tonal blocks

Paul L. Rosin, Yu-Kun Lai

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Fact Sheet - Minimize Nuclear...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Fact Sheet - Minimize Nuclear Waste Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Fact Sheet - Minimize Nuclear Waste GNEP will increase the efficiency in the...

125

Guide to Setting Thermal Comfort Criteria and Minimizing Energy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Guide to Setting Thermal Comfort Criteria and Minimizing Energy Use in Delivering Thermal Comfort Title Guide to Setting Thermal Comfort Criteria and Minimizing Energy Use in...

126

Probing the Vibrational Relaxation of N2 and O2 by Use of CARS Spectroscopy to Model NTE-Turbulence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The thermochemical dynamics associated with hypersonic flight and turbulent flow is vital to understanding the effects that hypersonic turbulence has on objects or vehicles traveling at speeds above Mach 5 (~ 1708 m/s). Non-thermochemical equilibrium (NTE) exists downstream of strong shock fronts and encountered in the shear layers from hypersonic flight, and coupled with turbulence, it has significant effects on flow dynamics. NTE, characterized by high vibrational temperatures of N2 and O2, was observed, and the relaxation processes were measured to obtain time-resolved results. By inducing cold-flow NTE via RF-plasma, species in the flow were probed to determine specific vibrational temperatures at particular distances and times following initial NTE-preparation. The detection technique used in the experiment was coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS) and variations of this laser-based technique were optimized to maximize accuracy and signal-to-noise in the vibrational relaxation measurements. It was found that the boxCARS variant was most successful in probing the v=1 --> v=0 vibrational transition associated with the measurement. Also a dual pump-beam CARS setup enabled the probing of both N2 and O2 simultaneously; however, in this report only N2 vibrational relaxation was modeled because the lifetime of vibrationally-excited (v=1) O2 was too short and the O2 vibrational temperature was too low to model. The CARS spectra were obtained in a subsonic wind tunnel with a flow velocity of approximately 30 m/s and probing distances from 4.4-39.4 cm downstream the plasma. Five averaged vibrational temperature values were determined and they yielded a decay from 1882 ± 46 K (4.4 cm from plasma) to 1010 ± 16 K (39.4 cm from plasma) showing the relative rate of vibrational relaxation of N2. The vibrational relaxation was also modeled as a function of time after passing through the plasma, and a kinetic simulation was fit to the results. The spectral decay of the v=1 peak relative to v=0 (Iv=1/Iv=0) was found and compared to the decay of the vibrational temperature. Data analysis revealed that the results were in agreement with theory and the observed vibrational relaxation of N2 fit the simulated kinetic model accurately.

Dean, Jacob

2009-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

127

Determination of the cross sections of (n,2n), (n,gamma) nuclear reactions on germanium isotopes at the energy of neutrons 13.96 MeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The cross sections of 70Ge(n,2n)69Ge, 72Ge(n,2n)71Ge, 76Ge(n,gamma)77(g+0.21m)Ge, 76Ge(n,2n)75Ge nuclear reactions were measured at the energy of neutrons 13.96(6) MeV by activation method with gamma-ray and X-ray spectra studies.

S. V. Begun; O. G. Druzheruchenko; O. O. Pupirina; V. K. Tarakanov

2007-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

128

Impact of air-exposure on the chemical and electronic structure ofZnO:Zn3N2 thin films  

SciTech Connect

The chemical and electronic surface structure of ZnO:Zn3N2 ("ZnO:N") thin films with different N contents was investigated by soft x-ray emission spectroscopy. Upon exposure to ambient air (in contrast to storage in vacuum), the chemical and electronic surface structure of the ZnO:N films changes substantially. In particular, we find that the Zn3N2/(Zn3N2+ZnO) ratio decreases with exposure time and that this change depends on the initial N content. We suggest a degradation mechanism based on the reaction of the Zn3N2 content with atmospheric humidity.

Bar, M.; Ahn, K.-S.; Shet, S.; Yan, Y.; Weinhardt, L.; Fuchs, O.; Blum, M.; Pookpanratana, S.; George, K.; Yang, W.; Denlinger, J.D.; Al-Jassim, M.; Heske, C.

2008-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

129

N2s2 chelating agents as cys-x-cys biomimics for fe(no) and fe(no)2 complexes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nitric oxide plays an important role in many biological functions. A metallo derivative in biological systems is a protein-bound dinitrosyl iron complex (DNIC), which results from iron-sulfur cluster degradation in the presence of excess NO. Through model complexes I have examined the fundamental properties of a dithiolato-Fe(NO)2 complex, bismercaptoethandiazacyclooctane iron dinitrosyl or (H+bme-daco)Fe(NO)2 as a biomimic of dicysteinate coordination of [Fe(NO)2]. This complex was prepared and fully characterized in my studies. The DNIC moiety is in its oxidized state, {Fe(NO)2}9. Through reaction studies, monitored by IR spectroscopy (H+N2S2)Fe(NO)2 (N2S2 = bme-dach. Bme-pda) has been shown to transfer NO to FeIII in (TPP)FeCl (TPP = meso-tetraphenylporphyrin) as NO-. The remaining mononitrosyl converts into complex (N2S2)Fe(NO). The (N2S2)Fe(NO) complexes (N2S2 = bme-daco, bme*-daco, bme-dach) were prepared by direct reaction of dimeric [(N2S2)Fe]2 and NO gas. The analogous (N2S2)Co(NO) complex (N2S2 = bme-dach) has also been prepared. The series of square pyramidal (N2S2)M(NO) have been studied by cyclic voltammetry and ?(NO) IR spectroscopy.

Chiang, Chao-Yi

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Guide to Minimizing Compress-based Cooling  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Guide to Minimizing Guide to Minimizing Compressor-based Cooling in Data Centers Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Federal Energy Management Program By: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Author: William Tschudi May 2013 2 Contacts William Tschudi Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory One Cyclotron Road, 90R3111 Berkeley, California 94720 510-495-2417 wftschudi@lbl.gov For more information on FEMP, please contact: Will Lintner, P.E. Federal Energy Management Program U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave. S.W. Washington, D. C. 20585-0121 202.586.3120 william.lintner@ee.doe.gov Cover photo: Center for Disease Control and Prevention's Arlen Specter Headquarters and Operations Center reached LEED Silver rating through sustainable design and operations that decrease energy consumption by 20%

131

Measurable Maximal Energy and Minimal Time Interval  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The possibility of finding the measurable maximal energy and the minimal time interval is discussed in different quantum aspects. It is found that the linear generalized uncertainty principle (GUP) approach gives a non-physical result. Based on large scale Schwarzshild solution, the quadratic GUP approach is utilized. The calculations are performed at the shortest distance, at which the general relativity is assumed to be a good approximation for the quantum gravity and at larger distances, as well. It is found that both maximal energy and minimal time have the order of the Planck time. Then, the uncertainties in both quantities are accordingly bounded. Some physical insights are addressed. Also, the implications on the physics of early Universe and on quantized mass are outlined. The results are related to the existence of finite cosmological constant and minimum mass (mass quanta).

Eiman Abou El Dahab; Abdel Nasser Tawfik

2014-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

132

Commercial radioactive waste minimization program development guidance  

SciTech Connect

This document is one of two prepared by the EG G Idaho, Inc., Waste Management Technical Support Program Group, National Low-Level Waste Management Program Unit. One of several Department of Energy responsibilities stated in the Amendments Act of 1985 is to provide technical assistance to compact regions Host States, and nonmember States (to the extent provided in appropriations acts) in establishing waste minimization program plans. Technical assistance includes, among other things, the development of technical guidelines for volume reduction options. Pursuant to this defined responsibility, the Department of Energy (through EG G Idaho, Inc.) has prepared this report, which includes guidance on defining a program, State/compact commission participation, and waste minimization program plans.

Fischer, D.K.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Commercial radioactive waste minimization program development guidance  

SciTech Connect

This document is one of two prepared by the EG&G Idaho, Inc., Waste Management Technical Support Program Group, National Low-Level Waste Management Program Unit. One of several Department of Energy responsibilities stated in the Amendments Act of 1985 is to provide technical assistance to compact regions Host States, and nonmember States (to the extent provided in appropriations acts) in establishing waste minimization program plans. Technical assistance includes, among other things, the development of technical guidelines for volume reduction options. Pursuant to this defined responsibility, the Department of Energy (through EG&G Idaho, Inc.) has prepared this report, which includes guidance on defining a program, State/compact commission participation, and waste minimization program plans.

Fischer, D.K.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Minimizing formation damage during gravel pack operations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method is described for minimizing formation damage caused by intrusive fluids prior to a gravel packing operation in loosely consolidated formations penetrated by at least one well. The method comprises: filling the casing of the well with an underbalanced completion fluid; placing within the well a removable packer capable of isolating the space between the casing and the formation from the downhole well pressure; setting through the packer a first tubing suitable for perforating and stabilizing the flow of fluids into the well; perforating the casing; and introducing a blocking agent into the formation via the perforations which agent upon solidification is sufficient to minimize formation damage by avoiding the introduction of formation fluids.

Jennings, A.R. Jr.

1987-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

135

An algorithm for minimization of quantum cost  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new algorithm for minimization of quantum cost of quantum circuits has been designed. The quantum cost of different quantum circuits of particular interest (eg. circuits for EPR, quantum teleportation, shor code and different quantum arithmetic operations) are computed by using the proposed algorithm. The quantum costs obtained using the proposed algorithm is compared with the existing results and it is found that the algorithm has produced minimum quantum cost in all cases.

Anindita Banerjee; Anirban Pathak

2009-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

136

Minimal Achievable Error in the LED problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a theoretical model to predict the minimal achievable error, given a noise ratio #, in the LED data set problem. The motivation for developing this theoretical model is to understand and explain some of the results that di#erent systems achieve when they solve the LED problem. Moreover, given a new learning algorithm that solves the LED problem, we can now bound its optimal generalization accuracy.

Xavier Llora; Xavier Llora; David E. Goldberg; David E. Goldberg

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

EPA issues interim final waste minimization guidance  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has released a new and detailed interim final guidance to assist hazardous waste generators in certifying they have a waste minimization program in place under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). EPA's guidance identifies the basic elements of a waste minimization program in place that, if present, will allow people to certify they have implemented a program to reduce the volume and toxicity of hazardous waste to the extent economically practical. The guidance is directly applicable to generators of 1000 or more kilograms per month of hazardous waste, or large-quantity generators, and to owners and operators of hazardous waste treatment, storage or disposal facilities who manage their own hazardous waste on site. Small-quantity generators that generate more than 100 kilograms, but less than 1,000 kilograms, per month of hazardous waste are not subject to the same program in place certification requirement. Rather, they must certify on their manifests that they have made a good faith effort to minimize their waste generation.

Bergeson, L.L.

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Lattice formulation of 2D $\\mathcal{N}=(2,2)$ SQCD based on the B model twist  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a simple lattice formulation of two-dimensional $\\mathcal{N}=(2,2)$ $U(k)$ supersymmetric QCD (SQCD) with $N$ matter multiplets in the fundamental representation. The construction uses compact gauge link variables and exactly preserves one linear combination of supercharges on the two-dimensional regular lattice. Artificial saddle points in the weak coupling limit and the species doubling are evaded without imposing the admissibility. A perturbative power-counting argument indicates that the target supersymmetric theory is realized in the continuum limit without any fine tuning.

Daisuke Kadoh; Fumihiko Sugino; Hiroshi Suzuki

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

139

Fusion Algebras of Logarithmic Minimal Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present explicit conjectures for the chiral fusion algebras of the logarithmic minimal models LM(p,p') considering Virasoro representations with no enlarged or extended symmetry algebra. The generators of fusion are countably infinite in number but the ensuing fusion rules are quasi-rational in the sense that the fusion of a finite number of representations decomposes into a finite direct sum of representations. The fusion rules are commutative, associative and exhibit an sl(2) structure but require so-called Kac representations which are reducible yet indecomposable representations of rank 1. In particular, the identity of the fundamental fusion algebra is in general a reducible yet indecomposable Kac representation of rank 1. We make detailed comparisons of our fusion rules with the results of Gaberdiel and Kausch for p=1 and with Eberle and Flohr for (p,p')=(2,5) corresponding to the logarithmic Yang-Lee model. In the latter case, we confirm the appearance of indecomposable representations of rank 3. We also find that closure of a fundamental fusion algebra is achieved without the introduction of indecomposable representations of rank higher than 3. The conjectured fusion rules are supported, within our lattice approach, by extensive numerical studies of the associated integrable lattice models. Details of our lattice findings and numerical results will be presented elsewhere. The agreement of our fusion rules with the previous fusion rules lends considerable support for the identification of the logarithmic minimal models LM(p,p') with the augmented c_{p,p'} (minimal) models defined algebraically.

Jorgen Rasmussen; Paul A. Pearce

2007-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

140

The Panic Model: Flocking with Minimal Cooperativity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a 2D lattice model of self-propelled spins that can only change direction upon collision with another spin. We show that even with ballistic motion and minimal cooperativity, these spins display robust flocking behavior at nearly all densities, forming long bands of stripes. The structural transition in this system can be characterized by an order parameter, and we demonstrate that if this parameter is studied as a dynamical variable rather than a steady-state observable, we can extract a detailed picture of how the flocking mechanism varies with density.

Kevin R. Pilkiewicz; Joel D. Eaves

2013-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n2 purged minimal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Utilization of biocatalysts in cellulose waste minimization  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Cellulose, a polymer of glucose, is the principal component of biomass and, therefore, a major source of waste that is either buried or burned. Examples of biomass waste include agricultural crop residues, forestry products, and municipal wastes. Recycling of this waste is important for energy conservation as well as waste minimization and there is some probability that in the future biomass could become a major energy source and replace fossil fuels that are currently used for fuels and chemicals production. It has been estimated that in the United States, between 100-450 million dry tons of agricultural waste are produced annually, approximately 6 million dry tons of animal waste, and of the 190 million tons of municipal solid waste (MSW) generated annually, approximately two-thirds is cellulosic in nature and over one-third is paper waste. Interestingly, more than 70% of MSW is landfilled or burned, however landfill space is becoming increasingly scarce. On a smaller scale, important cellulosic products such as cellulose acetate also present waste problems; an estimated 43 thousand tons of cellulose ester waste are generated annually in the United States. Biocatalysts could be used in cellulose waste minimization and this chapter describes their characteristics and potential in bioconversion and bioremediation processes.

Woodward, J.; Evans, B.R.

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Power Minimization techniques for Networked Data Centers.  

SciTech Connect

Our objective is to develop a mathematical model to optimize energy consumption at multiple levels in networked data centers, and develop abstract algorithms to optimize not only individual servers, but also coordinate the energy consumption of clusters of servers within a data center and across geographically distributed data centers to minimize the overall energy cost and consumption of brown energy of an enterprise. In this project, we have formulated a variety of optimization models, some stochastic others deterministic, and have obtained a variety of qualitative results on the structural properties, robustness, and scalability of the optimal policies. We have also systematically derived from these models decentralized algorithms to optimize energy efficiency, analyzed their optimality and stability properties. Finally, we have conducted preliminary numerical simulations to illustrate the behavior of these algorithms. We draw the following conclusion. First, there is a substantial opportunity to minimize both the amount and the cost of electricity consumption in a network of datacenters, by exploiting the fact that traffic load, electricity cost, and availability of renewable generation fluctuate over time and across geographical locations. Judiciously matching these stochastic processes can optimize the tradeoff between brown energy consumption, electricity cost, and response time. Second, given the stochastic nature of these three processes, real-time dynamic feedback should form the core of any optimization strategy. The key is to develop decentralized algorithms that can be implemented at different parts of the network as simple, local algorithms that coordinate through asynchronous message passing.

Low, Steven; Tang, Kevin

2011-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

143

Budget-Balance, Fairness and Minimal Manipulability ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A common real-life problem is to fairly allocate a number of indivisible objects and a fixed amount of money among a group of agents. Fairness requires that each agent weakly prefers his consumption bundle to any other agent’s bundle. In this context, fairness is incompatible with budget-balance and non-manipulability (Green and Laffont, 1979). Our approach here is to weaken or abandon non-manipulability. We search for the rules which are minimally manipulable among all fair and budgetbalanced rules. First, we show for a given preference profile, all fair and budgetbalanced rules are either (all) manipulable or (all) non-manipulable. Hence, measures based on counting profiles where a rule is manipulable or considering a possible inclusion of profiles where rules are manipulable do not distinguish fair and budgetbalanced rules. Thus, a “finer ” measure is needed. Our new concept compares two rules with respect to their degree of manipulability by counting for each profile the number of agents who can manipulate the rule. Second, we show that maximally preferred fair allocation rules are the minimally (individually and coalitionally) manipulable fair and budget-balanced allocation rules according to our new concept. Such rules choose allocations with the maximal number of agents for whom the utility is maximized among all fair and budget-balanced allocations.

Tommy Andersson; Lars Ehlers; Lars-gunnar Svensson

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Measurement of the {sup 241}Am(n,2n) reaction cross section using the activation method  

SciTech Connect

In the context of the n{sub T}OF Collaboration, the measurement of the cross section of the reaction {sup 241}Am(n,2n){sup 240}Am, has been performed, for the first time at neutron energies from 8.8 to 11.4 MeV, by the activation method, relative to the {sup 27}Al(n,a){sup 24}Na reaction reference cross section. The monoenergetic neutron beam was produced at the 5.5 MV TANDEM accelerator of NCSR ''Demokritos,'' by means of the {sup 2}H(d,n){sup 3}He reaction, using a deuterium filled gas cell. The radioactive target consisted of a 37 GBq {sup 241}Am source enclosed in a Pb container. After the end of the irradiation, the activity induced by the neutron beam at the target and reference, was measured off-line by a 56% relative efficiency, HPGe detector.

Perdikakis, G. [Department of Physics, National Technical University of Athens, Athens (Greece); Institute of Nuclear Physics, NCSR ' Demokritos' , Athens (Greece); Papadopoulos, C.T.; Vlastou, R.; Kokkoris, M.; Galanopoulos, S.; Patronis, N. [Department of Physics, National Technical University of Athens, Athens (Greece); Lagoyannis, A.; Spyrou, A.; Zarkadas, Ch.; Kalyva, G.; Kossionides, S. [Institute of Nuclear Physics, NCSR ' ' Demokritos, Athens (Greece); Karamanis, D. [Department of Physics, University of Ioannina, Ioannina (Greece)

2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

145

Minimizing timestamp size for completely asynchronous optimistic recovery with minimal rollback  

SciTech Connect

Basing rollback recovery on optimistic message logging and replay avoids the need for synchronization between processes during failure- free execution. Some previous research has also attempted to reduce the need for synchronization during recovery, but these protocols have suffered from three problems. not eliminating all synchronization during recovery, not minimizing rollback, or providing these properties but requiring large timestamps. This paper makes two contributions. we present a new rollback recovery protocol, based on our previous work, that provides these properties (asynchronous recovery, minimal rollback) while reducing the timestamp size; and we prove that no protocol can provide these properties and have asymptotically smaller timestamps.

Smith, S.W. [IBM Research Div., Hawthorne, NY (United States); Johnson, D.B. [Carnegie-Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States). Dept. of Computer Science

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Minimizing Reheat Energy Use in Laboratories  

SciTech Connect

HVAC systems that are designed without properly accounting for equipment load variation across laboratory spaces in a facility can significantly increase simultaneous heating and cooling, particularly for systems that use zone reheat for temperature control. This best practice guide describes the problem of simultaneous heating and cooling resulting from load variations, and presents several technological and design process strategies to minimize it. This guide is one in a series created by the Laboratories for the 21st century ('Labs21') program, a joint program of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Department of Energy. Geared towards architects, engineers, and facilities managers, these guides provide information about technologies and practices to use in designing, constructing, and operating safe, sustainable, high-performance laboratories.

Frenze, David; Mathew, Paul; Morehead, Michael; Sartor, Dale; Starr Jr., William

2005-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

147

Waste Minimization and Pollution Prevention Awareness Plan  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this plan is to document Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) projections for present and future waste minimization and pollution prevention. The plan specifies those activities and methods that are or will be used to reduce the quantity and toxicity of wastes generated at the site. It is intended to satisfy Department of Energy (DOE) requirements. This Plan provides an overview of projected activities from FY 1994 through FY 1999. The plans are broken into site-wide and problem-specific activities. All directorates at LLNL have had an opportunity to contribute input, to estimate budget, and to review the plan. In addition to the above, this plan records LLNL`s goals for pollution prevention, regulatory drivers for those activities, assumptions on which the cost estimates are based, analyses of the strengths of the projects, and the barriers to increasing pollution prevention activities.

Not Available

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Partition Functions of Holographic Minimal Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The partition function of the W_N minimal model CFT is computed in the large N 't Hooft limit and compared to the spectrum of the proposed holographic dual, a 3d higher spin gravity theory coupled to massive scalar fields. At finite N, the CFT contains additional light states that are not visible in the perturbative gravity theory. We carefully define the large N limit, and give evidence that, at N = infinity, the additional states become null and decouple from all correlation functions. The surviving states are shown to match precisely (for all values of the 't Hooft coupling) with the spectrum of the higher spin gravity theory. The agreement between bulk and boundary is partially explained by symmetry considerations involving the conjectured equivalence between the W_N algebra in the large N limit and the higher spin algebra of the Vasiliev theory.

Gaberdiel, Matthias R; Hartman, Thomas; Raju, Suvrat

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Partition Functions of Holographic Minimal Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The partition function of the W_N minimal model CFT is computed in the large N 't Hooft limit and compared to the spectrum of the proposed holographic dual, a 3d higher spin gravity theory coupled to massive scalar fields. At finite N, the CFT contains additional light states that are not visible in the perturbative gravity theory. We carefully define the large N limit, and give evidence that, at N = infinity, the additional states become null and decouple from all correlation functions. The surviving states are shown to match precisely (for all values of the 't Hooft coupling) with the spectrum of the higher spin gravity theory. The agreement between bulk and boundary is partially explained by symmetry considerations involving the conjectured equivalence between the W_N algebra in the large N limit and the higher spin algebra of the Vasiliev theory.

Matthias R. Gaberdiel; Rajesh Gopakumar; Thomas Hartman; Suvrat Raju

2011-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

150

Error minimizing algorithms for nearest eighbor classifiers  

SciTech Connect

Stack Filters define a large class of discrete nonlinear filter first introd uced in image and signal processing for noise removal. In recent years we have suggested their application to classification problems, and investigated their relationship to other types of discrete classifiers such as Decision Trees. In this paper we focus on a continuous domain version of Stack Filter Classifiers which we call Ordered Hypothesis Machines (OHM), and investigate their relationship to Nearest Neighbor classifiers. We show that OHM classifiers provide a novel framework in which to train Nearest Neighbor type classifiers by minimizing empirical error based loss functions. We use the framework to investigate a new cost sensitive loss function that allows us to train a Nearest Neighbor type classifier for low false alarm rate applications. We report results on both synthetic data and real-world image data.

Porter, Reid B [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hush, Don [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Zimmer, G. Beate [TEXAS A& M

2011-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

151

Waste Minimization: A Hidden Energy Savings?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Several changes in the last few years have forced a re-examination of waste generation within the petrochemical industry. In today's political/regulatory arena, industrial waste, both hazardous and non-hazardous, has become an extreme potential liability in handling, storing, and disposal. Traditional methods, such as fueling boilers and furnaces, are coming under increasing regulatory scrutiny and control. Even when the heat value of a waste material can be recovered, the energy used to manufacture that material is lost. The answers are becoming apparent: to (1) preferably not produce waste at all, or (2) recover as a usable product. This results in not only a reduction in cost and liability but a substantial reduction in energy use per unit of product sold. The following is a discussion of how a large Gulf Coast petrochemical facility is tackling waste minimization and a look at some of the energy savings that have been attained.

Good, R. L.; Hunt, K. E.

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Minimally refined biomass fuels: an economic shortcut  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An economic shortcut can be realized if the sugars from which ethanol is made are utilized directly as concentrated aqueous solutions for fuels rather than by further refining them through fermentation and distillation steps. Simple evaporation of carbohydrate solutions from sugar cane or sweet sorghum, or from hydrolysis of starch or cellulose content of many plants yield potential liquid fuels of energy contents (on a volume basis) comparable to highly refined liquid fuels like methanol and ethanol. The potential utilization of such minimally refined biomass derived fuels is discussed and the burning of sucrose-ethanol-water solutions in a small modified domestic burner is demonstrated. Other potential uses of sugar solutions or emulsion and microemulsions in fuel oils for use in diesel or turbine engines are proposed and discussed.

Pearson, R.K.; Hirschfeld, T.B.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Minimizing and exploiting leakage in VLSI  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Power consumption of VLSI (Very Large Scale Integrated) circuits has been growing at an alarmingly rapid rate. This increase in power consumption, coupled with the increasing demand for portable/hand-held electronics, has made power consumption a dominant concern in the design of VLSI circuits today. Traditionally dynamic (switching) power has dominated the total power consumption of VLSI circuits. However, due to process scaling trends, leakage power has now become a major component of the total power consumption in VLSI circuits. This dissertation explores techniques to reduce leakage, as well as techniques to exploit leakage currents through the use of sub-threshold circuits. This dissertation consists of two studies. In the first study, techniques to reduce leakage are presented. These include a low leakage ASIC design methodology that uses high VT sleep transistors selectively, a methodology that combines input vector control and circuit modification, and a scheme to find the optimum reverse body bias voltage to minimize leakage. As the minimum feature size of VLSI fabrication processes continues to shrink with each successive process generation (along with the value of supply voltage and therefore the threshold voltage of the devices), leakage currents increase exponentially. Leakage currents are hence seen as a necessary evil in traditional VLSI design methodologies. We present an approach to turn this problem into an opportunity. In the second study in this dissertation, we attempt to exploit leakage currents to perform computation. We use sub-threshold digital circuits and come up with ways to get around some of the pitfalls associated with sub-threshold circuit design. These include a technique that uses body biasing adaptively to compensate for Process, Voltage and Temperature (PVT) variations, a design approach that uses asynchronous micro-pipelined Network of Programmable Logic Arrays (NPLAs) to help improve the throughput of sub-threshold designs, and a method to find the optimum supply voltage that minimizes energy consumption in a circuit.

Jayakumar, Nikhil

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

EMGeo: Risk Minimizing Software for Finding Offshore Fossil ...  

EMGeo: Risk Minimizing Software for Finding Offshore Fossil Fuels by Fluid Identification. CR-2418, CR-2688,CR-2981

155

Effects of EGR, water/N2/CO2 injection and oxygen enrichment on the availability destroyed due to combustion for a range of conditions and fuels.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study was directed at examining the effects of exhaust gas recirculation (EGR), water/N2/CO2 injections and oxygen enrichment on availability destroyed because of combustion in… (more)

Sivadas, Hari Shanker

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Remark on Algorithm 702—the updated truncated Newton minimization package  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A truncated Newton minimization package, TNPACK, was described in ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software 14, 1 (Mar. 1992), pp.46–111. Modifications to enhance performance, especially for large-scale minimization of molecular ... Keywords: indefinite preconditioner, modified Cholesky factorization, molecular potential minimization, truncated Newton method

Dexuan Xie; Tamar Schlick

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Waste minimization and pollution prevention awareness plan  

SciTech Connect

The primary mission of DOE/NV is to manage and operate the Nevada Test Site (NTS) and other designated test locations, within and outside the United States; provide facilities and services to DOE and non-DOE NTS users; and plan. coordinate, and execute nuclear weapons tests and related test activities. DOE/NV also: (a) Supports operations under interagency agreements pertaining to tests, emergencies, and related functions/activities, (b) Plans, coordinates, and executes environmental restoration, (c) Provides support to the Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project Office in conjunction with DOE/HQ oversight, (d) Manages the Radioactive Waste Management Sites (RWMS) for disposal of low-level and mixed wastes received from the NTS and off-site generators, and (e) Implements waste minimization programs to reduce the amount of hazardous, mixed, radioactive, and nonhazardous solid waste that is generated and disposed The NTS, which is the primary facility controlled by DOE/NV, occupies 1,350 square miles of restricted-access, federally-owned land located in Nye County in Southern Nevada. The NTS is located in a sparsely populated area, approximately 65 miles northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada.

NONE

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Linearized Functional Minimization for Inverse Modeling  

SciTech Connect

Heterogeneous aquifers typically consist of multiple lithofacies, whose spatial arrangement significantly affects flow and transport. The estimation of these lithofacies is complicated by the scarcity of data and by the lack of a clear correlation between identifiable geologic indicators and attributes. We introduce a new inverse-modeling approach to estimate both the spatial extent of hydrofacies and their properties from sparse measurements of hydraulic conductivity and hydraulic head. Our approach is to minimize a functional defined on the vectors of values of hydraulic conductivity and hydraulic head fields defined on regular grids at a user-determined resolution. This functional is constructed to (i) enforce the relationship between conductivity and heads provided by the groundwater flow equation, (ii) penalize deviations of the reconstructed fields from measurements where they are available, and (iii) penalize reconstructed fields that are not piece-wise smooth. We develop an iterative solver for this functional that exploits a local linearization of the mapping from conductivity to head. This approach provides a computationally efficient algorithm that rapidly converges to a solution. A series of numerical experiments demonstrates the robustness of our approach.

Wohlberg, Brendt [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tartakovsky, Daniel M. [University of California, San Diego; Dentz, Marco [Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research, Barcelona, Spain

2012-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

159

Minimizing or eliminating refueling of nuclear reactor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Demand for refueling of a liquid metal fast nuclear reactor having a life of 30 years is eliminated or reduced to intervals of at least 10 years by operating the reactor at a low linear-power density, typically 2.5 kw/ft of fuel rod, rather than 7.5 or 15 kw/ft, which is the prior art practice. So that power of the same magnitude as for prior art reactors is produced, the volume of the core is increased. In addition, the height of the core and it diameter are dimensioned so that the ratio of the height to the diameter approximates 1 to the extent practicable considering the requirement of control and that the pressure drop in the coolant shall not be excessive. The surface area of a cylinder of given volume is a minimum if the ratio of the height to the diameter is 1. By minimizing the surface area, the leakage of neutrons is reduced. By reducing the linear-power density, increasing core volume, reducing fissile enrichment and optimizing core geometry, internal-core breeding of fissionable fuel is substantially enhanced. As a result, core operational life, limited by control worth requirements and fuel burnup capability, is extended up to 30 years of continuous power operation.

Doncals, Richard A. (Washington, PA); Paik, Nam-Chin (Pittsburgh, PA); Andre, Sandra V. (Hempfield Township, Westmoreland County, PA); Porter, Charles A. (Rostraver Township, Westmoreland County, PA); Rathbun, Roy W. (Greensburg, PA); Schwallie, Ambrose L. (Greensburg, PA); Petras, Diane S. (Penn Township, Westmoreland County, PA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

The N2K Consortium VI: Doppler Shifts Without Templates and Three New Short-Period Planets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a modification to the iodine cell Doppler technique that eliminates the need for an observed stellar template spectrum. For a given target star, we iterate toward a synthetic template spectrum beginning with an existing spectrum of a similar star. We then perturb the shape of this first-guess template to match the program observation of the target star taken through an iodine cell. The elimination of a separate template observation saves valuable telescope time, a feature that is ideally suited for the quick-look strategy employed by the ``Next 2000 Stars'' (N2K) planet search program. Tests using Keck/HIRES spectra indicate that synthetic templates yield a short-term precision of 3 m/s and a long-term, run-to-run precision of 5 m/s. We used this new Doppler technique to discover three new planets: a 1.5 Mjup planet in a 2.1375 d orbit around HD 86081; a 0.71 Mjup planet in circular, 26.73 d orbit around HD 224693; and a Saturn-mass planet in an 18.179 d orbit around HD 33283. The remarkably short period of HD 86081b bridges the gap between the extremely short-period planets detected in the OGLE survey and the 16 Doppler-detected hot jupiters (P < 15 d), which have an orbital period distribution that piles up at about three days. We have acquired photometric observations of two of the planetary host stars with the automated photometric telescopes at Fairborn Observatory. HD 86081 and HD 224693 both lack detectable brightness variability on their radial velocity periods, supporting planetary-reflex motion as the cause of the radial velocity variability. HD 86081 shows no evidence of planetary transits in spite of a 17.6% transit probability.

John A. Johnson; Geoffrey W. Marcy; Debra A. Fischer; Gregory Laughlin; R. Paul Butler; Gregory W. Henry; Jeff A. Valenti; Eric B. Ford; Steven S. Vogt; Jason T. Wright

2006-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n2 purged minimal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

MINIMIZATION OF CARBON LOSS IN COAL REBURNING  

SciTech Connect

This project develops Fuel-Flexible Reburning (FFR), which combines conventional reburning and Advanced Reburning (AR) technologies with an innovative method of delivering coal as the reburning fuel. The overall objective of this project is to develop engineering and scientific information and know-how needed to improve the cost of reburning via increased efficiency and minimized carbon in ash and move the FFR technology to the demonstration and commercialization stage. Specifically, the project entails: (1) optimizing FFR with injection of gasified and partially gasified fuels with respect to NO{sub x} and carbon in ash reduction; (2) characterizing flue gas emissions; (3) developing a process model to predict FFR performance; (4) completing an engineering and economic analysis of FFR as compared to conventional reburning and other commercial NO{sub x} control technologies, and (5) developing a full-scale FFR design methodology. The project started in August 2000 and will be conducted over a two-year period. The work includes a combination of analytical and experimental studies to identify optimum process configurations and develop a design methodology for full-scale applications. The first year of the program included pilot-scale tests to evaluate performances of two bituminous coals in basic reburning and modeling studies designed to identify parameters that affect the FFR performance and to evaluate efficiency of coal pyrolysis products as a reburning fuel. Tests were performed in a 300 kW Boiler Simulator Facility to characterize bituminous coals as reburning fuels. Tests showed that NO{sub x} reduction in basic coal reburning depends on process conditions, initial NO{sub x} and coal type. Up to 60% NO{sub x} reduction was achieved at optimized conditions. Modeling activities during first year concentrated on the development of coal reburning model and on the prediction of NO{sub x} reduction in reburning by coal gasification products. Modeling predicted that composition of coal gasification products depends on gasification temperature. At lower temperature yield of hydrocarbons is high which results in higher efficiency of NO{sub x} control. As temperature decreases, yield of hydrocarbons increases and CO and H{sub 2} yields decrease.

Vladimir M. Zamansky; Vitali V. Lissianski

2001-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

162

MINIMIZATION OF CARBON LOSS IN COAL REBURNING  

SciTech Connect

This project develops Fuel-Flexible Reburning (FFR) technology that is an improved version of conventional reburning. In FFR solid fuel is partially gasified before injection into the reburning zone of a boiler. Partial gasification of the solid fuel improves efficiency of NO{sub x} reduction and decreases LOI by increasing fuel reactivity. Objectives of this project were to develop engineering and scientific information and know-how needed to improve the cost of reburning via increased efficiency and minimized LOI and move the FFR technology to the demonstration and commercialization stage. All project objectives and technical performance goals have been met, and competitive advantages of FFR have been demonstrated. The work included a combination of experimental and modeling studies designed to identify optimum process conditions, confirm the process mechanism and to estimate cost effectiveness of the FFR technology. Experimental results demonstrated that partial gasification of a solid fuel prior to injection into the reburning zone improved the efficiency of NO{sub x} reduction and decreased LOI. Several coals with different volatiles content were tested. Testing suggested that incremental increase in the efficiency of NO{sub x} reduction due to coal gasification was more significant for coals with low volatiles content. Up to 14% increase in the efficiency of NO{sub x} reduction in comparison with basic reburning was achieved with coal gasification. Tests also demonstrated that FFR improved efficiency of NO{sub x} reduction for renewable fuels with high fuel-N content. Modeling efforts focused on the development of the model describing reburning with gaseous gasification products. Modeling predicted that the composition of coal gasification products depended on temperature. Comparison of experimental results and modeling predictions suggested that the heterogeneous NO{sub x} reduction on the surface of char played important role. Economic analysis confirmed economic benefits of the FFR technology. Two options to gasify coal were considered: one included a common gasifier and another included a gasifier injector at each injection location. Economic analysis suggested that an FFR system with a common gasifier was more economic than a conventional reburning system and had NO{sub x} reduction cost similar to that of the major competing technology, LNB/SOFA system, for all economic scenarios.

Vladimir Zamansky; Vitali Lissianski; Pete Maly; Richard Koppang

2002-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

163

GTRI's Convert Program: Minimizing the Use of Highly Enriched...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Flickr RSS Twitter YouTube GTRI's Convert Program: Minimizing the Use of Highly Enriched Uranium | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile...

164

On Minimizing the Energy Consumption of an Electrical Vehicle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Apr 20, 2011 ... The problem that we focus on, is the minimization of the energy consumption of an electrical vehicle achievable on a given driving cycle.

165

GNEP Element:Minimize Nuclear Waste | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Documents & Publications Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Fact Sheet - Minimize Nuclear Waste The Global Nuclear Energy Partnership: Greater Energy Security in a Cleaner, Safer...

166

Nuclear norm minimization for the planted clique and biclique ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jan 21, 2009 ... Both problems are NP-hard. We write both problems as matrix-rank minimization and then relax them using the nuclear norm. This technique ...

167

EMGeo: Risk Minimizing Software for Finding Offshore Fossil ...  

EMGeo: Risk Minimizing Software for Finding Offshore Fossil Fuels by Fluid Identification Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Contact LBL About This Technology

168

Exploratory Study of Waste Generation and Waste Minimization in Sweden.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The current thesis presents an exploratory study on municipal solid waste generation and minimization in Sweden, with a focus on their connection to basic… (more)

Kuslyaykina, Dina

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Gradient methods for convex minimization: better rates under ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mar 20, 2013 ... Gradient methods for convex minimization: better rates under weaker conditions. Hui Zhang(hhuuii.zhang ***at*** gmail.com)

170

Minimizing timestamp size for completely asynchronous optimistic recovery with minimal rollback  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we present a new protocol for optimistic rollback recovery in distributed systems. This protocol is completely asynchronous, minimizes rollback, and is independent of any particular underlying distributed computation to be made fault tolerant. This protocol improves on earlier work in asynchronous optimistic rollback recovery in that previous protocols either sacrificed some of these properties or required larger timestamps. Furthermore, we establish that this protocol is optimal, in that no rollback recovery protocol can achieve these properties and have asymptotically smaller timestamps.

Smith, S.W. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Johnson, D.B. [Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States). School of Computer Science

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

171

Minimal U(1){sup '} extension of the minimal supersymmetric standard model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Motivated by the apparent need for extending the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM) and perhaps mitigating naturalness problems associated with the {mu} parameter and fine-tuning of the soft masses, we augment the MSSM spectrum by a SM gauge singlet chiral superfield, and enlarge the gauge structure by an additional U(1){sup '} invariance, so that the gauge and Higgs sectors are relatively secluded. One crucial aspect of U(1){sup '} models is the existence of anomalies, the cancellation of which may require the inclusion of exotic matter which in turn disrupts the unification of the gauge couplings. In this work we pursue the question of canceling the anomalies with a minimal matter spectrum and no exotics. This can indeed be realized provided that U(1){sup '} charges are family dependent and the soft-breaking sector includes nonholomorphic operators for generating the fermion masses. We provide the most general solutions for U(1){sup '} charges by taking into account all constraints from gauge invariance and anomaly cancellation. We analyze various laboratory and astrophysical bounds ranging from fermion masses to relic density, for an illustrative set of parameters. The U(1){sup '} charges admit patterns of values for which family nonuniversality resides solely in the lepton sector, though this does not generate leptonic flavor-changing neutral currents due to the U(1){sup '} gauge invariance.

Demir, Durmus A. [Department of Physics, Izmir Institute of Technology, Izmir, TR 35430 (Turkey); Kane, Gordon L.; Wang, Ting T. [Michigan Center for Theoretical Physics, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Fast nonconvex nonsmooth minimization methods for image restoration and reconstruction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nonconvex nonsmooth regularization has advantages over convex regularization for restoring images with neat edges. However, its practical interest used to be limited by the difficulty of the computational stage which requires a nonconvex nonsmooth minimization. ... Keywords: continuation methods, fast fourier transform, global minimization, image reconstruction, image restoration, nonconvex nonsmooth, nonconvex nonsmooth regularization, total variation.

Mila Nikolova; Michael K. Ng; Chi-Pan Tam

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Control vector optimal structure for minimal-time networks optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The methodology for the electronic networks optimization was elaborated by means of the optimal control theory approach. In this case the problem of the electronic system design is formulated as a classical problem of functional minimization of the optimal ... Keywords: Lyapunov function, circuit optimization, control theory application, minimal-time system design

Alexander Zemliak; Miguel Torres; Antonio Michua

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Waste Minimization and Pollution Prevention | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Waste Minimization Waste Minimization and Pollution Prevention Waste Minimization and Pollution Prevention Mission The team supports efforts that promote a more sustainable environment and implements pollution prevention activities in accordance with Executive Order (EO) 13423, Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management, and EO 13514, Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance, as approved by LM. The WM/P2 Team advocates environmentally sound waste minimization and pollution prevention practices. Scope Inventory the waste stream. Prevent or reduce pollution and waste at their source. Recycle. Use recycled-content products. Use less toxic or nontoxic products. Key Expectations Monitor and track progress on metrics. Maintain/implement a plan that integrates waste minimization and

175

Quantum Process Tomography via L1-norm Minimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For an initially well designed but imperfect quantum information system, the process matrix is almost sparse in an appropriate basis. Existing theory and associated computational methods (L1-norm minimization) for reconstructing sparse signals establish conditions under which the sparse signal can be perfectly reconstructed from a very limited number of measurements (resources). Although a direct extension to quantum process tomography of the L1-norm minimization theory has not yet emerged, the numerical examples presented here, which apply L1-norm minimization to quantum process tomography, show a significant reduction in resources to achieve a desired estimation accuracy over existing methods.

Robert L. Kosut

2008-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

176

Hydrogen atom in momentum space with a minimal length  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A momentum representation treatment of the hydrogen atom problem with a generalized uncertainty relation,which leads to a minimal length ({\\Delta}X_{i})_{min}= \\hbar \\sqrt(3{\\beta}+{\\beta}'), is presented. We show that the distance squared operator can be factorized in the case {\\beta}'=2{\\beta}. We analytically solve the s-wave bound-state equation. The leading correction to the energy spectrum caused by the minimal length depends on \\sqrt{\\beta}. An upper bound for the minimal length is found to be about 10^{-9} fm.

Djamil Bouaziz; Nourredine Ferkous

2010-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

177

GTRI's Convert Program: Minimizing the Use of Highly Enriched Uranium |  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Program: Minimizing the Use of Highly Enriched Uranium | Program: Minimizing the Use of Highly Enriched Uranium | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > Media Room > Fact Sheets > GTRI's Convert Program: Minimizing the Use of ... Fact Sheet GTRI's Convert Program: Minimizing the Use of Highly Enriched Uranium Apr 12, 2013

178

HEU Minimization and the Reliable Supply of Medical Isotopes Nuclear  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

HEU Minimization and the Reliable Supply of Medical Isotopes Nuclear HEU Minimization and the Reliable Supply of Medical Isotopes Nuclear Security Summit: Fact Sheet | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > Media Room > Fact Sheets > HEU Minimization and the Reliable Supply of ... Fact Sheet HEU Minimization and the Reliable Supply of Medical Isotopes Nuclear

179

Minimizing electricity costs with an auxiliary generator using stochastic programming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis addresses the problem of minimizing a facility's electricity costs by generating optimal responses using an auxiliary generator as the parameter of the control systems. The-goal of the thesis is to find an ...

Rafiuly, Paul, 1976-

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

RTP Profile for Audio and Video Conferences with Minimal Control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document describes a profile called "RTP/AVP" for the use of the real-time transport protocol (RTP), version 2, and the associated control protocol, RTCP, within audio and video multiparticipant conferences with minimal control. It provides interpretations ...

H. Schulzrinne; S. Casner

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n2 purged minimal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Droplet minimizers for the Cahn Hilliard free energy functional  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We prove theorem characterizing the minimizers in a model for condensation based on the Cahn Hilliard free energy functional. In particular, we exactly determine the critical density for droplet formation.

E. A. Carlen; M. C. Carvalho; R. Esposito; J. L. Lebowitz; R. Marra

2005-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

182

Minimally supervised domain-adaptive parse reranking for relation extraction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper demonstrates how the generic parser of a minimally supervised information extraction framework can be adapted to a given task and domain for relation extraction (RE). For the experiments a generic deep-linguistic parser was employed that works ...

Feiyu Xu; Hong Li; Yi Zhang; Hans Uszkoreit; Sebastian Krause

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Annual Waste Minimization Summary Report, Calendar Year 2008  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the waste minimization efforts undertaken by National Security Technologies, LLC (NSTec), for the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO), during calendar year 2008.

NSTec Environmental Management

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Performance of different user selection algorithms for transmit power minimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In multi-user communication from one base station (BS) to multiple users, the problem of minimization of transmit power to achieve some target guaranteed performance (rates) at users has been well investigated in literature. Similarly various user selection ...

Umer Salim; Dirk Slock

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Structural Genomics of Minimal Organisms: Pipeline and Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Minimal Organisms: Pipeline and Results Sung-Hou Kim*,~500 genes, respectively). Pipeline: To achieve our mission,determination. Over all pipeline schemes for the single-path

Kim, Sung-Hou

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Minimizing data center cooling and server power costs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper focuses on power minimization in a data center accounting for both the information technology equipment and the air conditioning power usage. In particular we address the server consolidation (on/off state assignment) concurrently with the ... Keywords: datacenter

Ehsan Pakbaznia; Massoud Pedram

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Structural Genomics of Minimal Organisms: Pipeline and Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of recombinant proteins. J. Struct. Funct. Genomics 5:69-74.proteins. J. Struct. Funct. Genomics 5:69-74. Oganesyan,Structural Genomics of Minimal Organisms: Pipeline and

Kim, Sung-Hou

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Minimal Neutrino Texture with Neutrino Mass Ratio and Cabibbo Angle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present neutrino mass matrix textures in a minimal framework of the type-I seesaw mechanism where two right-handed Majorana neutrinos are introduced in order to reproduce experimental results of neutrino oscillations. The textures can lead to experimentally favored leptonic mixing angles described by the tri-bimaximal mixing with one additional rotation. We present minimal and next to minimal textures for the normal mass hierarchy case in a context of the texture zero. A minimal texture in the inverted hierarchy case is also constructed, which does not have any vanishing entries in a Dirac neutrino mass matrix. We also discuss some cases that model parameters in the textures are supposed to be a neutrino mass ratio and/or the Cabibbo angle. Predicted regions of mixing angles, a leptonic CP-violation parameter, and an effective mass for the neutrino-less double beta decay are presented in all textures.

Yusuke Shimizu; Ryo Takahashi; Morimitsu Tanimoto

2012-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

189

Minimally intrusive strategies for fault detection and energy monitoring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis addresses the need for automated monitoring systems that rely on minimally intrusive sensor arrays. The monitoring techniques employed in this thesis require fewer sensors because they take a different approach ...

Cox, Robert Williams, 1979-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Identifying Necessary Reactions in Metabolic Pathways by Minimal Model Generation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In systems biology, identifying vital functions like glycolysis from a given metabolic pathway is important to understand living organisms. In this paper, we focus on the problem of finding minimal sub-pathways producing target metabolites from source ...

Takehide Soh; Katsumi Inoue

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Hydrogen-atom spectrum under a minimal-length hypothesis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The energy spectrum of the Coulomb potential with minimal length commutation relations $[X_i, P_j] = i\\hbar\\{\\delta_{ij}(1+\\beta P^2) + \\beta'P_iP_j\\}$ is determined both numerically and perturbatively for arbitrary values of $\\beta'/\\beta$ and angular momenta $\\ell$. The constraint on the minimal length scale from precision hydrogen spectroscopy data is of order of a few GeV$\

Sandor Benczik; Lay Nam Chang; Djordje Minic; Tatsu Takeuchi

2005-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

192

Minimal Liouville Gravity correlation numbers from Douglas string equation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We continue the study of $(q,p)$ Minimal Liouville Gravity with the help of Douglas string equation. We generalize the results of \\cite{Moore:1991ir}, \\cite{Belavin:2008kv}, where Lee-Yang series $(2,2s+1)$ was studied, to $(3,3s+p_0)$ Minimal Liouville Gravity, where $p_0=1,2$. We demonstrate that there exist such coordinates $\\tau_{m,n}$ on the space of the perturbed Minimal Liouville Gravity theories, in which the partition function of the theory is determined by the Douglas string equation. The coordinates $\\tau_{m,n}$ are related in a non-linear fashion to the natural coupling constants $\\lambda_{m,n}$ of the perturbations of Minimal Lioville Gravity by the physical operators $O_{m,n}$. We find this relation from the requirement that the correlation numbers in Minimal Liouville Gravity must satisfy the conformal and fusion selection rules. After fixing this relation we compute three- and four-point correlation numbers when they are not zero. The results are in agreement with the direct calculations in Minimal Liouville Gravity available in the literature \\cite{Goulian:1990qr}, \\cite{Zamolodchikov:2005sj}, \\cite{Belavin:2006ex}.

Alexander Belavin; Boris Dubrovin; Baur Mukhametzhanov

2013-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

193

Nitrogen Fertilizer Management for Nitrous Oxide (N2O) Mitigation in Intensive Corn (Maize) Production: An Emissions Reduction Proto col for US Midwest Agriculture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Status: Published Citation: Millar, N; Robertson, GP; Grace, PR; Gehl, RJ; and Hoben, JP. 2010. Nitrogen Fertilizer Management for Nitrous Oxide (N2O) Mitigation in Intensive Corn (Maize) Production: An Emissions Reduction Protocol for US Midwest Agriculture. In Journal of Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change,Volume 15, Number 2, 2010, pp. 185-204. Link to Journal Publication: See Journal of Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change.

2010-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

194

Nitrogen Fertilizer Management for Nitrous Oxide (N2O) Mitigation in Intensive Corn (Maize) Production: An Emissions Redu ction Protocol for U.S. Midwest Agriculture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Status: Published Citation: Millar, N; Robertson, GP; Grace, PR; Gehl, RJ; and Hoben; JP. 2010. Nitrogen Fertilizer Management for Nitrous Oxide (N2O) Mitigation in Intensive Corn (Maize) Production: An Emissions Reduction Protocol for U.S. Midwest Agriculture. In Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Volume 15, Number 2, 2010, pp. 185-204. A peer-reviewed journal article that identifies, describes and analyzes socio-economic factors that may encourage or inhibit farmers from participat...

2009-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

195

Developing Greenhouse Gas Emissions Offsets by Reducing Nitrous Oxide (N2O) Emissions in Agricultural Crop Production: Experience Validating a New GHG Offset Protocol  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project report describes in part the second phase (years four through six, 2010–2012) of a two-phase, six-year long EPRI-sponsored research project entitled “Developing Greenhouse Gas Emissions Offsets by Reducing Nitrous Oxide (N2O) Emissions.” This project investigated an innovative approach to developing large-scale, cost-effective greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions offsets that potentially can be implemented across broad geographic areas of the ...

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

196

Beamline 5.4.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Print 1 Print Infrared spectromicroscopy GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational 2011 Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 0.07-1.25 eV Frequency range 600 - 10,000 cm-1 Interferometer resolution 0.125 cm-1 Endstations FTIR bench and IR microscope (N2 purged) Characteristics Computerized sample stage, 0.1-micron resolution; reflection, transmission, and attenuated total reflectance (ATR) modes; polarizing and UV fluorescence optics Spatial resolution Diffraction limited (~wavelength) Detectors Probably MCT-A*, MCT-B (mercury cadmium telluride) Spot size at sample 2-10 µm (diffraction-limited) Sample preparation Biological preparation equipment available including incubator, biohoods, prep table, and more TBD. Sample environment N2 purged, minimal clean area (no particle specification), microcryostat/heater stages available for 4.2-730 K

197

Beamline 5.4.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Print 1 Print Infrared spectromicroscopy GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational 2011 Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 0.07-1.25 eV Frequency range 600 - 10,000 cm-1 Interferometer resolution 0.125 cm-1 Endstations FTIR bench and IR microscope (N2 purged) Characteristics Computerized sample stage, 0.1-micron resolution; reflection, transmission, and attenuated total reflectance (ATR) modes; polarizing and UV fluorescence optics Spatial resolution Diffraction limited (~wavelength) Detectors Probably MCT-A*, MCT-B (mercury cadmium telluride) Spot size at sample 2-10 µm (diffraction-limited) Sample preparation Biological preparation equipment available including incubator, biohoods, prep table, and more TBD. Sample environment N2 purged, minimal clean area (no particle specification), microcryostat/heater stages available for 4.2-730 K

198

Beamline 5.4.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Print 1 Print Infrared spectromicroscopy GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational 2011 Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 0.07-1.25 eV Frequency range 600 - 10,000 cm-1 Interferometer resolution 0.125 cm-1 Endstations FTIR bench and IR microscope (N2 purged) Characteristics Computerized sample stage, 0.1-micron resolution; reflection, transmission, and attenuated total reflectance (ATR) modes; polarizing and UV fluorescence optics Spatial resolution Diffraction limited (~wavelength) Detectors Probably MCT-A*, MCT-B (mercury cadmium telluride) Spot size at sample 2-10 µm (diffraction-limited) Sample preparation Biological preparation equipment available including incubator, biohoods, prep table, and more TBD. Sample environment N2 purged, minimal clean area (no particle specification), microcryostat/heater stages available for 4.2-730 K

199

Beamline 5.4.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5.4.1 5.4.1 Beamline 5.4.1 Print Infrared spectromicroscopy GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational 2011 Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 0.07-1.25 eV Frequency range 600 - 10,000 cm-1 Interferometer resolution 0.125 cm-1 Endstations FTIR bench and IR microscope (N2 purged) Characteristics Computerized sample stage, 0.1-micron resolution; reflection, transmission, and attenuated total reflectance (ATR) modes; polarizing and UV fluorescence optics Spatial resolution Diffraction limited (~wavelength) Detectors Probably MCT-A*, MCT-B (mercury cadmium telluride) Spot size at sample 2-10 µm (diffraction-limited) Sample preparation Biological preparation equipment available including incubator, biohoods, prep table, and more TBD. Sample environment N2 purged, minimal clean area (no particle specification), microcryostat/heater stages available for 4.2-730 K

200

Beamline 5.4.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Print 1 Print Infrared spectromicroscopy GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational 2011 Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 0.07-1.25 eV Frequency range 600 - 10,000 cm-1 Interferometer resolution 0.125 cm-1 Endstations FTIR bench and IR microscope (N2 purged) Characteristics Computerized sample stage, 0.1-micron resolution; reflection, transmission, and attenuated total reflectance (ATR) modes; polarizing and UV fluorescence optics Spatial resolution Diffraction limited (~wavelength) Detectors Probably MCT-A*, MCT-B (mercury cadmium telluride) Spot size at sample 2-10 µm (diffraction-limited) Sample preparation Biological preparation equipment available including incubator, biohoods, prep table, and more TBD. Sample environment N2 purged, minimal clean area (no particle specification), microcryostat/heater stages available for 4.2-730 K

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n2 purged minimal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Beamline 5.4.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Print 1 Print Infrared spectromicroscopy GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational 2011 Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 0.07-1.25 eV Frequency range 600 - 10,000 cm-1 Interferometer resolution 0.125 cm-1 Endstations FTIR bench and IR microscope (N2 purged) Characteristics Computerized sample stage, 0.1-micron resolution; reflection, transmission, and attenuated total reflectance (ATR) modes; polarizing and UV fluorescence optics Spatial resolution Diffraction limited (~wavelength) Detectors Probably MCT-A*, MCT-B (mercury cadmium telluride) Spot size at sample 2-10 µm (diffraction-limited) Sample preparation Biological preparation equipment available including incubator, biohoods, prep table, and more TBD. Sample environment N2 purged, minimal clean area (no particle specification), microcryostat/heater stages available for 4.2-730 K

202

Minimizing Energy Losses in Ducts | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Minimizing Energy Losses in Ducts Minimizing Energy Losses in Ducts Minimizing Energy Losses in Ducts June 24, 2012 - 5:45pm Addthis Placing ductwork in conditioned space can help reduce energy losses. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/SimplyCreativePhotography Placing ductwork in conditioned space can help reduce energy losses. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/SimplyCreativePhotography In new home construction or in retrofits, proper duct system design is critical. In recent years, energy-saving designs have sought to include ducts and heating systems in the conditioned space. Many existing duct systems lose a lot of energy from leakage and poor insulation, but you can reduce that loss by sealing and insulating your ducts. Existing ducts may also be blocked or may require simple upgrades.

203

Local uniformization and free boundary regularity of minimal singular surfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce local conformal structure to a class of 2-dimensional Riemannian simplicial complexes, which we call singular surfaces, each of which given locally as a union of surfaces meeting along a curve. When the surfaces constituting a singular surface are minimally embedded in Euclidean space and satisfies a balancing condition along the curve, the local conformal structure induces a parametrization by a conformal harmonic map. This in turn implies real analyticity of the surfaces up to the curve, providing an alternative proof to the result of Kinderlehrer-Nirenberg-Spruck. This parameterization can be viewed as the minimizer of some energy functionals in a similar way that solutions of the Plateau problem are the minimizers of the Dirichlet energy.

Mese, Chikako

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Minimal Cooling of Neutron Stars: A New Paradigm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new classification of neutron star cooling scenarios, involving either ``minimal'' cooling or ``enhanced'' cooling is proposed. The minimal cooling scenario replaces and extends the so-called standard cooling scenario to include neutrino emission from the Cooper pair breaking and formation process. This emission dominates that due to the modified Urca process for temperatures close to the critical temperature for superfluid pairing. Minimal cooling is distinguished from enhanced cooling by the absence of neutrino emission from any direct Urca process, due either to nucleons or to exotica. Within the minimal cooling scenario, theoretical cooling models can be considered to be a four parameter family involving the equation of state of dense matter, superfluid properties of dense matter, the composition of the neutron star envelope, and the mass of the neutron star. Consequences of minimal cooling are explored through extensive variations of these parameters. Results are compared with the inferred properties of thermally-emitting neutron stars in order to ascertain if enhanced cooling occurs in any of them. All stars for which thermal emissions have been clearly detected are at least marginally consistent with the lack of enhanced cooling. The two pulsars PSR 0833-45 (Vela) and PSR 1706-44 would require enhanced cooling in case their ages and/or temperatures are on the lower side of their estimated values whereas the four stars PSR 0656+14, PSR 1055-52, Geminga, and RX J0720.4-3125 may require some source of internal heating in case their age and/or luminosity are on the upper side of their estimated values. The new upper limits on the thermal luminosity of PSR J0205+6449 and RX J0007.0+7302 are indicative of the occurrence of some enhanced neutrino emission beyond the minimal scenario.

Dany Page; James M. Lattimer; Madappa Prakash; Andrew W. Steiner

2004-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

205

HIggs Boson Mass in the Minimal Unified Subquark Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the original paper entitled, "Masses of Fundamental Particles", not only the masses of fundamental particles including the weak bosons, Higgs scalar, quarks, and leptons, but also the mixing angles of quarks and those of neutrinos are all explained and/or predicted in the unified composite model of quarks and leptons successfully. In this addendum entitled, "Higgs Boson Mass in the Minimal Unified Subquark Model", it is emphasized that the Higgs boson mass is predicted to be about 130Gev in the minimal unified subquark model, which agrees well with the experimental values of 125-126GeV recently found by the ATLAS and CMS Collaborations at the LHC.

Hidezumi Terazawa

2011-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

206

Method of minimizing the effects of parasitic currents  

SciTech Connect

A method of minimizing the effect of parasitic currents in secondary batteries having a plurality of cells connected electrically in series and a common electrolyte in communication with the cells is described. Specifically, the parasitic currents flowing through the battery cause a cell imbalance over the charge/discharge cycle. This cell imbalance is minimized by first separating the cells of the battery into two equal groups. Then the battery is charged with the two groups of cells connected electrically in series, and subsequently discharged with the two groups of cells reconnected electrically in series in an inverted sequence.

Chi, Michael C. (Cerritos, CA); Carr, Peter (Utica, MI)

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

A Planned Neck Dissection Is Not Necessary in All Patients With N2-3 Head-and-Neck Cancer After Sequential Chemoradiotherapy  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To assess the role of a planned neck dissection (PND) after sequential chemoradiotherapy for patients with head-and-neck cancer with N2-N3 nodal disease. Methods and Materials: We reviewed 90 patients with N2-N3 head-and-neck squamous cell carcinoma treated between 1991 and 2001 on two sequential chemoradiotherapy protocols. All patients received induction and concurrent chemotherapy with cisplatin and 5-fluorocuracil, with or without tirapazamine. Patients with less than a clinical complete response (cCR) in the neck proceeded to a PND after chemoradiation. The primary endpoint was nodal response. Clinical outcomes and patterns of failure were analyzed. Results: The median follow-up durations for living and all patients were 8.3 years (range, 1.5-16.3 year) and 5.4 years (range, 0.6-16.3 years), respectively. Of the 48 patients with nodal cCR whose necks were observed, 5 patients had neck failures as a component of their recurrence [neck and primary (n = 2); neck, primary, and distant (n = 1); neck only (n = 1); neck and distant (n = 1)]. Therefore, PND may have benefited only 2 patients (4%) [neck only failure (n = 1); neck and distant failure (n = 1)]. The pathologic complete response (pCR) rate for those with a clinical partial response (cPR) undergoing PND (n = 30) was 53%. The 5-year neck control rates after cCR, cPR{yields}pCR, and cPR{yields}pPR were 90%, 93%, and 78%, respectively (p = 0.36). The 5-year disease-free survival rates for the cCR, cPR{yields}pCR, and cPR{yields}pPR groups were 53%, 75%, and 42%, respectively (p = 0.04). Conclusion: In our series, patients with N2-N3 neck disease achieving a cCR in the neck, PND would have benefited only 4% and, therefore, is not recommended. Patients with a cPR should be treated with PND. Residual tumor in the PND specimens was associated with poor outcomes; therefore, aggressive therapy is recommended. Studies using novel imaging modalities are needed to better assess treatment response.

Soltys, Scott G., E-mail: sgsoltys@stanford.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, CA (United States); Choi, Clara Y.H. [Department of Neurosugery, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, CA (United States); Fee, Willard E. [Department of Otolaryngology, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, CA (United States); Pinto, Harlan A. [Department of Medical Oncology, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, CA (United States); Veterans Affairs, Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, CA (United States); Le, Quynh-Thu [Department of Radiation Oncology, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, CA (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

A minimal coupling method for dissipative quantum systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum dynamics of a general dissipative system investigated by its coupling to a Klein-Gordon type field as the environment by introducing a minimal coupling method. As an example, the quantum dynamics of a damped three dimensional harmonic oscillator investigated and some transition probabilities indicating the way energy flows between the subsystems obtained. The quantum dynamics of a dissipative two level system considered.

F. Kheirandish; A. Amooshahi

2005-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

209

An alternative account of the minimal counterintuitiveness effect  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper outlines two approaches to account for the finding that concepts that are minimally counterintuitive are better remembered than intuitive or maximally counterintuitive concepts. The first approach considers such memory advantages to be a property ... Keywords: Cognition and culture, Cognitive science of religion, Semantic memory

M. Afzal Upal

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Gibbs Energy Minimization in Gas + Liquid + Solid Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gibbs Energy Minimization in Gas + Liquid + Solid Systems DENTON S. EBEL,1 MARK S. GHIORSO,2 in solar nebula gas,4 and more recent treatments of gas + solid + liquid equilibria in solar gas.5, 6 nonideal liquid and solid solutions and a vapor composed of a mixture of ideal gas species, all at fixed

Grossman, Lawrence

211

OIL SPILL SENSOR USING MULTISPECTRAL INFRARED IMAGING VIA 1 MINIMIZATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OIL SPILL SENSOR USING MULTISPECTRAL INFRARED IMAGING VIA 1 MINIMIZATION Yingying Li , Wei Computational and Applied Mathematics, Rice University ABSTRACT Early detection of oil spill events is the key in detecting the early onset of a small-scale oil spill event. Based on an infrared oil-water contrast model

Yin, Wotao

212

Spinorial relativistic particle in the presence of a minimal length  

SciTech Connect

We study the (1 + 3) -dimensional Dirac equation of a particle under the action of a uniform E.M. field and in the presence of a minimal length of the energy-momentum space. The high-temperature thermodynamic properties are obtained.

Zeroual, F.; Merad, M. [LSDC , Departement des sciences de la matiere Faculte de sciences Exactes Universite de Oum El Bouagh (Algeria)

2012-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

213

Minimizing the Probability of Ruin when Consumption is Ratcheted  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We assume that an agent's rate of consumption is {\\it ratcheted}; that is, it forms a non-decreasing process. Given the rate of consumption, we act as financial advisers and find the optimal investment strategy for the agent who wishes to minimize his probability of ruin.

Bayraktar, Erhan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Minimizing bank selection instructions for partitioned memory architecture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bank switching is a technique that increases the code and data memory in microcontrollers without extending the address buses. Given a program in which variables have been assigned to data banks, we present a novel optimization technique that minimizes ... Keywords: PBQP, RAM allocation, bank-switching, compiler optimization, microcontrollers, partitioned memory architecture

Bernhard Scholz; Bernd Burgstaller; Jingling Xue

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Minimizing weighted waiting time variance on a single processor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper considers the problem of scheduling n non-preemptive jobs on a single processor. Each job may have different size and weight. The objective is to minimize the weighted waiting time variance (WWTV). It is shown that the proof of one previous ... Keywords: Single processor scheduling, Weighted completion time variance, Weighted waiting time variance

Xiaoyun Xu

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Using symmetry and evolutionary search to minimize sorting networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sorting networks are an interesting class of parallel sorting algorithms with applications in multiprocessor computers and switching networks. They are built by cascading a series of comparison-exchange units called comparators. Minimizing the number ... Keywords: combinatorial optimization, estimation of distribution algorithms, evolution, sorting networks, symmetry

Vinod K. Valsalam, Risto Miikkulainen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Minimizing Change Aversion for the Google Drive Launch  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Minimizing Change Aversion for the Google Drive Launch Abstract Change aversion is a natural of the Google Docs List to Google Drive, a product for file storage in the cloud. We describe actions­May 2, 2013, Paris, France. ACM 978-1-4503-1952-2/13/04. Aaron Sedley Google, Inc. 1600 Amphitheatre

Cortes, Corinna

218

Waste Minimization in the Healthcare Industry: A Resource Guide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hospitals dispose of about 2 million tons of waste annually, thereby contributing to the nation's waste disposal problem. Some hospitals have found that developing and implementing a waste minimization program not only supports environmental protection but also enhances occupational safety, reduces costs and liabilities, and improves community relations.

1999-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

219

Routing for power minimization in the speed scaling model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study network optimization that considers power minimization as an objective. Studies have shown that mechanisms such as speed scaling can significantly reduce the power consumption of telecommunication networks by matching the consumption of each ... Keywords: power saving, routing, speed scaling, wireline networks

Matthew Andrews; Antonio Fernández Anta; Lisa Zhang; Wenbo Zhao

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

High-Level Power Minimization of Analog Sensor Interface Architectures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A high-level analog design and optimization tool was developed for the architectural synthesis of complex analog systems towards minimal power consumption. In this paper we will illustrate the use of this tool with the high-level design of an analog ...

Stéphane Donnay; Georges Gielen; Willy Sansen

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n2 purged minimal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

On non-minimal coupling of the inflaton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The non-minimal coupling of the inflaton to gravity, $\\xi R\\phi^2$, is known to alleviate the smallness (fine-tuning) of the quartic coupling $\\lambda$ in the chaotic inflation with $\\phi^4$ potential. A large $\\xi$ is required to obtain the correct CMB power spectrum while we find that a small value $\\sim 1/6$ seems to be preferred from spectral index. There are issues related to conformal transformations, choice of frame and natural value(s) of $\\xi$ for a given potential. We revisit some of these issues and invoke certain field theoretic arguments in order to address the same. A rather strong and general conclusion reached, based on the requirements of renormalizability and finiteness of specific matrix elements in a quantum theory, is that it is generically not possible to eliminate the non-minimal coupling by going from the Jordan to the Einstein frame via conformal transformations. We also comment on Higgs inflation.

Namit Mahajan

2013-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

222

Waste minimization and pollution prevention awareness plan. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this plan is to document Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) projections for present and future waste minimization and pollution prevention. The plan specifies those activities and methods that are or will be used to reduce the quantity and toxicity of wastes generated at the site. It is intended to satisfy Department of Energy (DOE) requirements. This Waste Minimization and Pollution Prevention Awareness Plan provides an overview of projected activities from FY 1994 through FY 1999. The plans are broken into site-wide and problem-specific activities. All directorates at LLNL have had an opportunity to contribute input, estimate budgets, and review the plan. In addition to the above, this plan records LLNL`s goals for pollution prevention, regulatory drivers for those activities, assumptions on which the cost estimates are based, analyses of the strengths of the projects, and the barriers to increasing pollution prevention activities.

Not Available

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

360 Degree Photography to Decrease Exposure, Increase Safety & Minimize Waste  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High-resolution digital cameras, in conjunction with software techniques. make possible 360{sup o} photos that allow a person to look all around, up and dawn, and zoom in or out. The software provides the opportunity to attach other information to a 360{sup o} photo such as sound tiles, flat photos (providing additional detail about what is behind a panel or around a corner) and text (Information which can be used to show radiological conditions or identify other hazards not readily visible). The software also allows other 360{sup o} photos to be attached creating a virtual tour where the user can move from area to area, and stop, study and zoom in on areas of interest. A virtual tour of a building or room can be used for facility documentation, informing management and others, work planning and orientation, and training, thus minimizing the need to re-enter hazardous radioactive areas. Reducing entries decreases exposure, increases safety and minimizes waste.

LEBARON, G.J.

2002-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

224

Session: Avoiding, minimizing, and mitigating avian and bat impacts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This session at the Wind Energy and Birds/Bats workshop consisted of two presentations followed by a discussion/question answer period. The session addressed a variety of questions related to avoiding, minimizing, and mitigating the avian and bat impacts of wind power development including: what has been learned from operating turbines and mitigating impacts where they are unavoidable, such as at Altamont Pass WRA, and should there be mitigation measures such as habitat creation or land conservation where impacts occur. Other impact minimization and mitigation approaches discussed included: location and siting evaluations; options for construction and operation of wind facilities; turbine lighting; and the physical alignment/orientation. Titles and authors of the presentations were: 'Bird Fatalities in the Altamont Pass Wind Resource Area: A Case Study, Part II' by Carl Thelander and 'Prevention and Mitigation of Avian Impacts at Wind Power Facilities' by Paul Kerlinger.

Thelander, Carl; Kerlinger, Paul

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

HIggs Boson Mass in the Minimal Unified Subquark Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the original paper entitled, "Masses of Fundamental Particles"(arXiv:1109.3705v5, 10 Feb 2012), not only the masses of fundamental particles including the weak bosons, Higgs boson, quarks, and leptons, but also the mixing angles of quarks and those of neutrinos are all explained and/or predicted in the unified composite models of quarks and leptons successfully. In this addendum entitled, "Higgs Boson Mass in the Minimal Unified Subquark Model", it is emphasized that the Higgs boson mass is predicted to be about 130Gev in the minimal unified subquark model, which agrees well with the experimental values of 125-126GeV recently found by the ATLAS and CMS Collaborations at the LHC.

Hidezumi Terazawa

2011-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

226

Accelerated expansion by non-minimally coupled scalar fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a class of spatially homogeneous cosmologies including those of Bianchi type I--VIII mathematical results are presented which show that a scalar field non-minimally coupled to the scalar curvature of spacetime can dynamically yield a positive cosmological constant without the potential being required to include one. More precisely, it is shown that in an exponential potential any positive coupling constant leads eventually to late-time de Sitter expansion and isotropization corresponding to a positive cosmological constant and that this behaviour is independent of the steepness of the potential. This is in marked contrast to the minimally coupled case where power-law inflation occurs at most, provided the potential is sufficiently shallow.

Roger Bieli

2006-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

227

Minimal Stereoscopic Analysis for Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescope Arrays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The trajectory of a primary gamma-ray detected with an array of at least four atmospheric Cherenkov imaging telescopes can be reconstructed from the shower image centroid positions and geometrical considerations independent of the primary energy. Using only the image centroid positions some cosmic-ray discrimination is also possible. This minimal approach opens the possibility of pushing the analysis threshold to lower values, close to the hardware threshold.

S. LeBohec; C. Duke; P. Jordan

2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

228

Holographic dark energy with non-minimal coupling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study a scalar field non-minimally coupled to the curvature, in the framework of holographic dark energy. We obtain a relation between the coupling of the scalar field and the holographic DE parameters. In the model without potential we found the EOS parameter in different regions of the parameters, giving rise to accelerated expansion. For some restrictions on the parameters, the model presents quintom behavior.

L. N. Granda; L. D. Escobar

2009-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

229

Determine Vehicle Usage and Refueling Trends to Minimize Greenhouse Gas  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vehicle Usage and Refueling Trends to Minimize Greenhouse Vehicle Usage and Refueling Trends to Minimize Greenhouse Gas Emissions Determine Vehicle Usage and Refueling Trends to Minimize Greenhouse Gas Emissions October 7, 2013 - 11:42am Addthis YOU ARE HERE Step 2 Once a Federal agency has identified its most important mobile greenhouse gas (GHG) emission sources overall, it can work with individual sites to determine vehicle usage and refueling trends. Agencies can compare the results of this analysis to internal standards and requirements to identify GHG mitigation opportunities for assets that are underperforming or underutilized. Two examples of this type of analysis focus on: Alternative fuel consumption Vehicle utilization. Figure 1 - An image of a vertical, stacked bar chart titled 'Alternative Fuel Use in AFVs.' The frequency data axis is labeled 'Gallons of Gasoline Equivalent' with a scale of 0-1,400,000 in increments of 200,000. The stacked bar labeled 'CNG Dual Fuel Vehicles' shows CNG from 0-300,000 gallons and Gasoline from 300,000-800,000 gallons. The stacked bar labeled 'E-85 Flex Fuel Vehicles' shows E85 from 0-1,000,000 gallons and Gasoline from 1,000,000-1,250,000 gallons.

230

Non-minimal Higgs inflation and frame dependence in cosmology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate a very general class of cosmological models with scalar fields non-minimally coupled to gravity. A particular representative in this class is given by the non-minimal Higgs inflation model in which the Standard Model Higgs boson and the inflaton are described by one and the same scalar particle. While the predictions of the non-minimal Higgs inflation scenario come numerically remarkably close to the recently discovered mass of the Higgs boson, there remains a conceptual problem in this model that is associated with the choice of the cosmological frame. While the classical theory is independent of this choice, we find by an explicit calculation that already the first quantum corrections induce a frame dependence. We give a geometrical explanation of this frame dependence by embedding it into a more general field theoretical context. From this analysis, some conceptional points in the long lasting cosmological debate: 'Jordan frame vs. Einstein frame' become more transparent and in principle can be resolved in a natural way.

Steinwachs, Christian F. [School of Mathematical Sciences, University of Nottingham University Park, Nottingham, NG7 2RD (United Kingdom); Kamenshchik, Alexander Yu. [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia and INFN, Via Irnerio 46, 40126 Bologna, Italy and L.D. Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Kosygin str. 2, 119334 Moscow (Russian Federation)

2013-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

231

Structural Genomics of Minimal Organisms: Pipeline and Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The initial objective of the Berkeley Structural Genomics Center was to obtain a near complete three-dimensional (3D) structural information of all soluble proteins of two minimal organisms, closely related pathogens Mycoplasma genitalium and M. pneumoniae. The former has fewer than 500 genes and the latter has fewer than 700 genes. A semiautomated structural genomics pipeline was set up from target selection, cloning, expression, purification, and ultimately structural determination. At the time of this writing, structural information of more than 93percent of all soluble proteins of M. genitalium is avail able. This chapter summarizes the approaches taken by the authors' center.

Kim, Sung-Hou; Shin, Dong-Hae; Kim, Rosalind; Adams, Paul; Chandonia, John-Marc

2007-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

232

Pollution prevention and waste minimization in metal finishing  

SciTech Connect

This study was done to identify pollution prevention and waste minimization opportunities in the general plating department and the printed circuit board processing department. Recommendations for certain recycle and recovery technologies were mad in order to reduce usage of acids and the volume of heavy metal sludge that is formed at the industrial Wastewater Pretreatment Facility (IWPF). Some of these technologies discussed were acid purification, electrowinning, and ion exchange. Specific technologies are prescribed for specific processes. Those plating processes where the metals can be recovered are copper, nickel, gold, cadmium, tin, lead, and rhodium.

Stimetz, C.J.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Long life stau in the minimal supersymmetric standard model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the stau lifetime in a scenario with the LSP taken to be a neutralino and the NLSP being a stau, based on the minimal supersymmetric Standard Model. The mass difference between the LSP and NLSP, $\\delta m$, must satisfy $\\delta m/m_{\\tilde{\\chi}} \\sim$ a few % or less for coannihilation to occur, where $m_{\\tilde{\\chi}}$ is the neutralino mass. We calculate the stau lifetime from the decay modes $\\tilde{\\tau}\\to \\tilde{\\chi}\\tau$, $\\tilde{\\chi}\

Toshifumi Jittoh; Joe Sato; Takashi Shimomura; Masato Yamanaka

2005-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

234

Energy-efficient algorithms for flow time minimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study scheduling problems in battery-operated computing devices, aiming at schedules with low total energy consumption. While most of the previous work has focused on finding feasible schedules in deadline-based settings, in this paper we are interested in schedules that guarantee good response times. More specifically, our goal is to schedule a sequence of jobs on a variable speed processor so as to minimize the total cost consisting of the energy consumption and the total flow time of all the jobs.

Susanne Albers

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Noncommutative scalar field minimally coupled to nonsymmetric gravity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We construct a non-commutative non symmetric gravity minimally coupled model (the star product only couples matter). We introduce the action for the system considered namely a non-commutative scalar field propagating in a nontrivial gravitational background. We expand the action in powers of the anti-symmetric field and the graviton to second order adopting the assumption that the scalar is weekly coupled to the graviton. We compute the one loop radiative corrections to the self-energy of a scalar particle.

Kouadik, S.; Sefai, D. [Laboratory of Mechanic, Physics and Mathematical Modeling Medea University (Algeria)

2012-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

236

Passive magnetic bearing element with minimal power losses  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Systems employing passive magnetic bearing elements having minimal power losses are provided. Improved stabilizing elements are shown, employing periodic magnet arrays and inductively loaded circuits, but with improved characteristics compared to the elements disclosed in U.S. Patent No. 5,495,221 entitled "Dynamically Stable Magnetic Suspension/Bearing System." The improvements relate to increasing the magnitude of the force derivative, while at the same time reducing the power dissipated during the normal operation of the bearing system, to provide a passive bearing system that has virtually no losses under equilibrium conditions, that is, when the supported system is not subject to any accelerations except those of gravity.

Post, Richard F. (Walnut Creek, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Passive magnetic bearing element with minimal power losses  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Systems employing passive magnetic bearing elements having minimal power losses are provided. Improved stabilizing elements are shown, employing periodic magnet arrays and inductively loaded circuits, but with improved characteristics compared to the elements disclosed in US Patent No. 5,495,221 entitled ``Dynamically Stable Magnetic Suspension/Bearing System.`` The improvements relate to increasing the magnitude of the force derivative, while at the same time reducing the power dissipated during the normal operation of the bearing system, to provide a passive bearing system that has virtually no losses under equilibrium conditions, that is, when the supported system is not subject to any accelerations except those of gravity. 8 figs.

Post, R.F.

1998-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

238

Minimizing Variation in Outdoor CPV Power Ratings: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The CPV community has agreed to have both indoor and outdoor power ratings at the module level. The indoor rating provides a repeatable measure of module performance as it leaves the factory line while the outdoor rating provides a measure of true performance under real world conditions. The challenge with an outdoor rating is that the spectrum, temperature, wind speed, etc are constantly in flux and therefore the resulting power rating varies from day to day and month to month. This work examines different methodologies for determining the outdoor power rating with the goal of minimizing variation even if data are collected under changing meteorological conditions.

Muller, M.; Marion, B.; Rodriguez, J.; Kurtz, S.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Minimally refined biomass fuel. [carbohydrate-water-alcohol mixture  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A minimally refined fluid composition, suitable as a fuel mixture and derived from biomass material, is comprised of one or more water-soluble carbohydrates such as sucrose, one or more alcohols having less than four carbons, and water. The carbohydrate provides the fuel source; water-solubilizes the carbohydrate; and the alcohol aids in the combustion of the carbohydrate and reduces the viscosity of the carbohydrate/water solution. Because less energy is required to obtain the carbohydrate from the raw biomass than alcohol, an overall energy savings is realized compared to fuels employing alcohol as the primary fuel.

Pearson, R.K.; Hirschfeld, T.B.

1981-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

240

An Agent-Based Model of a Minimal Economy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an agent-based model of a minimal economy containing households, retail banks, and producers of consumer and capital goods. Household behavior is based on the buffer-stock savings model by Deaton (1961), while the profit-maximizing firms employ reinforcement learning to determine pricing and production. Competitive retail banks facilitate the flow of funds between households and producers through a fractional-reserve system. Stability of the simulated markets depends only on the self-adjusting, boundedly rational behavior of the agents in the completely closed economic system. 1

Christopher K. Chan; Adviser Prof; Ken Steiglitz; Christopher K. Chan; Ken Steiglitz

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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241

Experimental and Theoretical Evidence of Basic Site Preference in Polyfunctional Superbasic Amidinazine: N-1,N-1-Dimethyl-N-2-beta-(2-pyridylethyl)formamidine  

SciTech Connect

The gas-phase basicity (GB) of the flexible polyfunctional N1,N1-dimethyl-N2-a-(2-pyridylethyl)-formamidine (1) containing two potential basic sites (the ring N-aza and the chain N-imino) is obtained from proton-transfer equilibrium constant measurements, using Fourier-transform ioncyclotron resonance mass spectrometry. Comparison of the experimental GB obtained for 1 with those reported for model amidines and azines indicates that the chain N-imino in the amidine group is the favored site of protonation. Semiempirical (AM1) and ab initio calculations (HF, MP2, and DFT), performed for 1 and its protonated forms, confirm this interpretation. These results are in contrast to those found previously for N1,N1-dimethyl-N2-azinylformamidines (containing the amidine function directly linked to the azinyl ring), in which the ring N-aza is the most basic site in the gas phase. The separation of the two potential basic sites in 1 by the ethylene chain interrupts the resonance conjugation between the two functions and changes their relative basicities and, thus, the preferable site of protonation. It also increases the chelation effect against the proton and the gas-phase basicity of 1 in such a magnitude that consequently 1 may be classified as a superbase (GB 241.1 kcal mol-1). A transition state corresponding to the internal transfer of the proton (ITP) between the ring N-aza and the chain N-imino in 1 is investigated at the DFT(B3LYP)/6-31G** level. The energy barrier calculated for the ITP between the two basic sites is small and vanishes when zero-point vibrational terms and thermal corrections are applied to obtain the enthalpy or Gibbs energy of activation for the proton transfer. Additional calculations at the DFT-(MPW1K)/6-31G** level confirm this behavior. This indicates that the quantum-chemical ITP in 1 has a single-well character. The proton is located on the N-imino site, and the H-bond is formed

Raczynska, Ewa D.; Darowska, Malgorzata; Dabkowska, Iwona; Decouzon, Michele; Gal, Jean-Francois; Maria, Pierre-Charles; Poliart, Christine D.

2004-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

242

Systemwide Energy Minimization in Real-Time Embedded Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Traditionally, dynamic voltage scaling (DVS) techniques have focused on minimizing the processor power consumption as opposed to the entire system energy. However, the slowdown resulting from DVS can increase the energy consumption of components like memory and network interfaces. Furthermore, leakage power consumption, which is increasing with the scaling device technology, must also be considered. In this paper, we present an algorithm to compute task slowdown factors based on the contribution of the processor leakage and standby energy consumption of the resources in the system. We combine slowdown with procrastination of task executions to extend sleep intervals which significantly reduces the leakage energy consumption. We show that the scheduling approach minimizes the total static and dynamic energy consumption of the systemwide resources. In this work, we consider a real-time system model using the Earliest Deadline First (EDF) policy. Our simulation experiments using randomly generated task sets show on an average 10% energy gains over traditional dynamic voltage scaling. Our procrastination scheme increases the average energy savings to 15%.

Ravindra Jejurikar; Rajesh Gupta

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Multi-level logic minimization through fault dictionary analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents the results of the study of a new ics. algorithm for multi-level logic minimization. This study is based upon the premises that an investable node is a redundant node and that nodes that do not demonstrably cause conflicting behavior at primary outputs may be compatible. Using fault simulation data, compatible nodes are identified and merged. While offering some improvement, this technique by itself leaves many potential reductions undiscovered. As has been noted in (1), adding wires may allow more gated to be eliminated. Using similar fault data to those used to identify compatible bates, implied gate functions are identified and injected. The addition of these new implicant functions creates more compatible pairs, which in some cases can then be eliminated. Data gathered using these techniques show that matrix analysis is a powerful tool that produces minimization results in selected benchmark circuits superior to any previously published academic work. The algorithm developed in this study, Texas Aggies Logic Optimizing Netlister (TALON), is shown to be competitive with, and complimentary to, other methodologies. TALON can be used by itself to reduce the size of a logic network, or it can be used as a preprocessor or postprocessor for other tools, giving superior results to those obtained by any of them working independently.

Mehler, Ronald W

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Minimizing formation damage under adverse conditions during gravel pack operations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method is described for minimizing formation damage caused by intrusive fluids prior to a gravel packing operation in loosely consolidated formations penetrated by at least one well comprising: (a) filling the casing of the well with an underbalanced completion fluid; (b) placing within the well a removable packer capable of isolating the space between the casing and the formation from the downhole well pressure; (c) setting through the packer a first tubing suitable for perforating and stabilizing the flow of fluids into the well; (d) perforating the casing; (e) introducing a blocking agent into the formation via the perforations which agent upon solidification is sufficient to minimize formation damage by avoiding the introduction of formation fluids where the agent is a gel; (f) causing the blocking agent to solidify while forming a solidified plug within the well and a solid mass within the adjacent washed out portion of the formation; (g) removing the first tubing from the well; (h) placing within the well a second tubing having a slotted portion therein sufficient to allow gravel packing of the well and the formation; (i) removing the solidified plug from the wellbore along with solidified gel from the washed-out portion of the formation; and (j) placing a gravel pack within the well and the washed-out portion of the formation via the second tubing which consolidates the formation.

Jennings, A.R. Jr.; Shu, P.

1989-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

245

Annual Waste Minimization Summary Report Calendar Year 2007  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the waste minimization efforts undertaken by National Security Technologies, LLC (NSTec), for the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO), during calendar year (CY) 2007. This report was developed in accordance with the requirements of the Nevada Test Site (NTS) Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Permit (number NEV HW0021), and as clarified in a letter dated April 21, 1995, from Paul Liebendorfer of the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection to Donald Elle of the U.S. Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office. The NNSA/NSO Pollution Prevention (P2) Program establishes a process to reduce the volume and toxicity of waste generated by the NNSA/NSO and ensures that proposed methods of treatment, storage, and/or disposal of waste minimize potential threats to human health and the environment. The following information provides an overview of the P2 Program, major P2 accomplishments during the reporting year, a comparison of the current year waste generation to prior years, and a description of efforts undertaken during the year to reduce the volume and toxicity of waste generated by the NNSA/NSO.

NSTec Environmental Management

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Blue-green laser output from N(+2) and XeF. Final technical report, 1 Jan 77-31 Oct 81  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this work was to determine the feasibility of developing, first the helium nitrogen charge transfer laser, and later the XeF laser into efficient scalable devices excited by preionized discharges for the production of blue-green outputs. The performance and scalability of the N2(+) laser pumped by charge transfer from He2(+) was determined in such a discharge environment. The gain and saturation parameters were measured and a regenerative amplifier capable of operation at 470.9 nm was constructed. A traveling wave device was built which at 427 nm produced peak powers of 5 MW in the forward direction and which had a front-to-back ratio of 10,000 to 1 for the pulse energies. Efforts were made to apply that technology to the problem of switching the output from a XeF laser into the C yields A transition at 480 nm. Gain and saturation parameters were examined and it was found that the relative gains between the stronger UV transition and the blue-green transition were greater than 30 to 1. These results implied that the blue-green transition of XeF was too weak to support the development of any practical device pumped by a preionized discharge.

Collins, C.B.

1981-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

247

Auxiliary Ligand-Dependent Assembly of Several Ni/Ni-Cd Compounds with N2O2 Donor Tetradentate Symmetrical Schiff Base Ligand  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Several low-dimensional Ni/Ni-Cd complexes containing N2O2 donor tetradentate symmetrical Schiff base ligand bis(acetylacetone)ethylene-diamine (sy-H2L2), namely, [Ni(sy-L2)]2?HLa?ClO4 (2), (HLa)2?(ClO4)?(NO3) (3), [Ni(sy-L2)X]2](4,4’-bipy) (where La = 5,7-dimethyl-3,6-dihydro-2H-1,4-diazepine, X = ClO4 (4), X=NO3 (5), [Ni(sy-L2)Cd(SCN)2]n (6) and [Ni(sy-L2)?Cd(N3)2]n (7) have been synthesized from [Ni(sy-L2)]2?H2O (1). Complex 2, is three component discrete assembly generated from (HLa)+ moiety bridged with [Ni(sy-L2)] unit and ClO4- anion. A solution containing complex 2 and Cd(NO3)2 results in a mixture of 1 and 3. Further re-crystallization of 1 and 3 with various auxiliary ligands, provides coordination complexes 4 – 7 stabilized by weak hydrogen bonds in which 6 and 7 represent the first 1D heteronuclear complexes based on symmetric acacen-base Schiff base ligand.

Ge, Ying Ying; Li, Guo-Bi; Fang, Hua-Cai; Zhan, Xu Lin; Gu, Zhi-Gang; Chen, Jin Hao; Sun, Feng; Cai, Yue-Peng; Thallapally, Praveen K.

2010-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

248

(Butan-2-ol-jO)[2-({(ethylsulfanyl)- [2-(2-oxidobenzylidene-jO)hydrazinylidene-jN 2]methyl}iminomethyl)phenolato-jO]dioxidouranium(VI)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

disorder in main residue; R factor = 0.038; wR factor = 0.078; data-to-parameter ratio = 17.4. The U atom in the title complex, [U(C17H15N3O2S)O2-(C4H10O)], exists within a distorted pentagonal–bipyramidal geometry where the oxide O atoms occupy axial positions [O—U—O = 179.61 (18) ] and the pentagonal plane is defined by the N2O2 atoms of the tetradentate Schiff base ligand and the O atom of the butan-2-ol molecule. In the crystal, centrosymmetric aggregates are formed via pairs of hydroxy–phenoxide O—H O hydrogen bonds. The azomethine C N atoms, the ethylthiolyl group and the butyl group of the butan-2-ol molecule are disordered over two positions in a 0.668 (3):0.332 (3) ratio. Related literature For background to uranyl Schiff base complexes, see: S ¸ ahin et al. (2010); Özdemir et al. (2011). For a related structure, see: Takjoo et al. (2012).

Reza Takjoo; A Atefeh Najafi; A Seik Weng Ng B; Edward R. T. Tiekink B

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Photovoltaic array with minimally penetrating rooftop support system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A photovoltaic array including a plurality of photovoltaic assemblies and a plurality of mounting units. The mounting units each include an elongate rail and a plurality of leg assemblies. The rail is sized and configured to maintain a portion of at least two of the photovoltaic assemblies, with the leg assemblies extending from the rail in a spaced-apart fashion and terminating in a foot for placement against a rooftop structure for minimally penetration installation. Further, at least one of the leg assemblies can include a retractable leg. When the photovoltaic array is installed to a rooftop structure including a membrane intermittently secured to a rooftop deck, the retractable leg accommodates upward billowing of the membrane under windy conditions.

Lenox, Carl J.S.

2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

250

Minimizing Variation in Outdoor CPV Power Ratings (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Presented at the 7th International Conference on Concentrating Photovoltaic Systems (CPV-7), 4-6 April 2011, Las Vegas, Nevada. The CPV community has agreed to have both indoor and outdoor power ratings at the module level. The indoor rating provides a repeatable measure of module performance as it leaves the factory line while the outdoor rating provides a measure of true performance under real world conditions. The challenge with an outdoor rating is that the spectrum, temperature, wind speed, etc are constantly in flux and therefore the resulting power rating varies from day to day and month to month. This work examines different methodologies for determining the outdoor power rating with the goal of minimizing variation even if data are collected under changing meteorological conditions.

Muller, M.

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Minimally doubled fermions at one-loop level  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Single fermionic degrees of freedom together with standard chiral symmetry at finite lattice spacing, correct continuum limit and local interactions only are precluded by the Nielsen-Ninomiya no-go theorem. The class of minimally doubled fermion actions exhibits exactly two chiral modes. Recent interest in these actions has been sparked by the investigation of fermionic actions defined on "hyperdiamond" lattices. Due to the necessity of breaking hypercubic symmetry explicitly, radiative corrections generate operator mixings with relevant and marginal operators that should vanish in continuum QCD. These cannot be avoided and must be taken into account in particular by a peculiar wave-function renormalisation and additive momentum renormalisation. Renormalisation properties at one-loop level of the self-energy, local bilinears and conserved vector and axial-vector currents are presented for Borici-Creutz and Karsten-Wilczek actions. Distinct differences and similarities between both actions are elucidated.

Capitani, Stefano; Wittig, Hartmut

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Waste Minimization/Pollution Prevention Crosscut Plan, 1994  

SciTech Connect

This plan establishes a Department-wide goal to reduce total releases of toxic chemicals to the environment and off-site transfers of such toxic chemicals by 50 percent by December 31, 1999, in compliance with Executive Order 12856. Each site that meets the threshold quantities of toxic chemicals established in the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA) will participate in this goal. In addition, each DOE site will establish site-specific goals to reduce generation of hazardous, radioactive, radioactive mixed, and sanitary wastes and pollutants, as applicable. Implementation of this plan will represent a major step toward the environmental risks and costs associated with DOE operations and increasing the Department`s use of preventive environmental management practices. Investing in Waste Minimization Pollution Prevention (WMin/PP) steadily reduce hazardous and radioactive waste generation and will reduce the need for waste management and unnecessary expenditures for waste treatment, storage, and disposal. A preventive approach to waste management will help solve current environmental and regulatory issues and reduce the need for costly future corrective actions. The purpose of this plan is to establish the strategic framework for integrating WMin/PP into all DOE internal activities. This program includes setting DOE policy and goals for reducing the generation of wastes and pollutants, increasing recycling activities, and establishing an infrastructure to achieve and measure the goals throughout the DOE complex. Waste Minimization and Pollution Prevention Awareness Plans, submitted to Headquarters by DOE field sites, will incorporate the WMin/PP activities and goals outlined in this plan. Success of the DOE WMin/PP program is dependent upon each field operation becoming accountable for resources used, wastes and pollutants generated, and wastes recycled.

1994-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

253

Minimal atomic S-modules and S-algebras Andrew Baker  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in a useful way. Theorem 2.5 (Nuclear Test). A Hurewicz complex is nuclear if and only if it is minimal and has no mod p detectable homotopy. Using the nuclear test it is easy to identify lots of minimal atomic is atomic but not minimal atomic. #12;Slide 5 Sketch proof of the Nuclear Test Suppose that X is defined

Baker, Andrew J.

254

Drilling Waste Management Fact Sheet: Drilling Practices That Minimize  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Drilling Practices Drilling Practices Fact Sheet - Drilling Practices That Minimize Generation of Drilling Wastes How Are Wells Typically Drilled? The conventional process of drilling oil and gas wells uses a rotary drill bit that is lubricated by drilling fluids or muds. As the drill bit grinds downward through the rock layers, it generates large amounts of ground-up rock known as drill cuttings. This section of the Drilling Waste Management Information System website discusses several alternative drilling practices that result in a lower volume of waste being generated. Oil and gas wells are constructed with multiple layers of pipe known as casing. Traditional wells are not drilled from top to bottom at the same diameter but rather in a series of progressively smaller-diameter intervals. The top interval is drilled starting at the surface and has the largest diameter hole. Drill bits are available in many sizes to drill different diameter holes. The hole diameter can be 20" or larger for the uppermost sections of the well, followed by different combinations of progressively smaller diameters. Some of the common hole diameters are: 17.5", 14.75", 12.25", 8.5", 7.875", and 6.5".

255

Pollution prevention/waste minimization guidelines for facility design  

SciTech Connect

The mission of the 560 square mile (1450 sq Km) Hanford site, located in south eastern Washington, was changed from defense production to environmental restoration and waste management in 1989. The Tri-Party Agreement (TPA) signed in 1989 between DOE, EPA and Washington State, agreed to clean up most of the Hanford site within 30 years. To accomplish the clean-up and comply with the schedule established in the TPA, a number of treatment and support facilities will have to be built. While these facilities are designed to treat wastes that have already been generated, the routine operation and maintenance of these facilities will generate their own wastes. With careful planning, new facilities or modifications to existing facilities can be designed in a manor such that little pollution or waste is generated through normal operation and maintenance. The project the author is working on is concerned with avoiding or reducing the generation of new waste by assuring that pollution prevention and waste minimization are considered in the design phase of these facilities.

Encke, D.B.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Photodiode arrays having minimized cross-talk between diodes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Photodiode arrays are formed with close diode-to-diode spacing and minimized cross-talk between diodes in the array by isolating the diodes from one another with trenches that are formed between the photodiodes in the array. The photodiodes are formed of spaced regions in a base layer, each spaced region having an impurity type opposite to that of the base layer to define a p-n junction between the spaced regions and the base layer. The base layer meets a substrate at a boundary, with the substrate being much more heavily doped than the base layer with the same impurity type. The trenches extend through the base layer and preferably into the substrate. Minority carriers generated by absorption of light photons in the base layer can only migrate to an adjacent photodiode through the substrate. The lifetime and the corresponding diffusion length of the minority carriers in the substrate is very short so that all minority carriers recombine in the substrate before reaching an adjacent photodiode.

Guckel, Henry (Madison, WI); McNamara, Shamus P. (Madison, WI)

2000-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

257

Self-Adjusting Networks to Minimize Expected Path Length  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Given a network infrastructure (e.g., a grid, data-center or on-chip-network) and a distribution on the source-destination requests, the expected path (route) length is an important measure for the performance, efficiency and power consumption of the network. In this work we initiate a study on self-adjusting networks: networks that use local-distributed mechanisms to adjust the position of the nodes in the network to any distribution of route requests. Finding the optimal placement of nodes is defined as the minimum expected path length (MEPL) problem. While, as we show, the MEPL problem is NP-hard to solve exactly in general we give efficient and simple approximation algorithms for interesting and practically relevant special cases of the problem. E.g., we consider grid networks in which the distribution of requests is a symmetric product distribution. In this setting we show that simple greedy switches, which locally minimize an objective function, achieve good approximation ratios. We are able to prove th...

Avin, Chen; Haeupler, Bernhard; Lotker, Zvi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Global Fits of the Minimal Universal Extra Dimensions Scenario  

SciTech Connect

In theories with Universal Extra-Dimensions (UED), the {gamma}{sub 1} particle, first excited state of the hypercharge gauge boson, provides an excellent Dark Matter (DM) candidate. Here we use a modified version of the SuperBayeS code to perform a Bayesian analysis of the minimal UED scenario, in order to assess its detectability at accelerators and with DM experiments. We derive in particular the most probable range of mass and scattering cross sections off nucleons, keeping into account cosmological and electroweak precision constraints. The consequences for the detectability of the {gamma}{sub 1} with direct and indirect experiments are dramatic. The spin-independent cross section probability distribution peaks at {approx} 10{sup -11} pb, i.e. below the sensitivity of ton-scale experiments. The spin-dependent cross-section drives the predicted neutrino flux from the center of the Sun below the reach of present and upcoming experiments. The only strategy that remains open appears to be direct detection with ton-scale experiments sensitive to spin-dependent cross-sections. On the other hand, the LHC with 1 fb{sup -1} of data should be able to probe the current best-fit UED parameters.

Bertone, Gianfranco; /Zurich U. /Paris, Inst. Astrophys.; Kong, Kyoungchul; /SLAC /Kansas U.; de Austri, Roberto Ruiz; /Valencia U., IFIC; Trotta, Roberto; /Imperial Coll., London

2012-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

259

Cosmic Solenoids: Minimal Cross-Section and Generalized Flux Quantization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A self-consistent general relativistic configuration describing a finite cross-section magnetic flux tube is constructed. The cosmic solenoid is modeled by an elastic superconductive surface which separates the Melvin core from the surrounding flat conic structure. We show that a given amount $\\Phi$ of magnetic flux cannot be confined within a cosmic solenoid of circumferential radius smaller than $\\frac{\\sqrt{3G}}{2\\pi c^2}\\Phi$ without creating a conic singularity. Gauss-Codazzi matching conditions are derived by means of a self-consistent action. The source term, representing the surface currents, is sandwiched between internal and external gravitational surface terms. Surface superconductivity is realized by means of a Higgs scalar minimally coupled to projective electromagnetism. Trading the 'magnetic' London phase for a dual 'electric' surface vector potential, the generalized quantization condition reads: $e/{hc} \\Phi + 1/e Q=n$ with $Q$ denoting some dual 'electric' charge, thereby allowing for a non-trivial Aharonov-Bohm effect. Our conclusions persist for dilaton gravity provided the dilaton coupling is sub-critical.

Aharon Davidson; David Karasik

1999-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

260

Polynomial fusion rings of W-extended logarithmic minimal models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The countably infinite number of Virasoro representations of the logarithmic minimal model LM(p,p') can be reorganized into a finite number of W-representations with respect to the extended Virasoro algebra symmetry W. Using a lattice implementation of fusion, we recently determined the fusion algebra of these representations and found that it closes, albeit without an identity for p>1. Here, we provide a fusion-matrix realization of this fusion algebra and identify a fusion ring isomorphic to it. We also consider various extensions of it and quotients thereof, and introduce and analyze commutative diagrams with morphisms between the involved fusion algebras and the corresponding quotient polynomial fusion rings. One particular extension is reminiscent of the fundamental fusion algebra of LM(p,p') and offers a natural way of introducing the missing identity for p>1. Working out explicit fusion matrices is facilitated by a further enlargement based on a pair of mutual Moore-Penrose inverses intertwining between the W-fundamental and enlarged fusion algebras.

Jorgen Rasmussen

2008-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n2 purged minimal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Minimizing energy consumption for handheld computers in Moby Dick  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this report we propose a number of techniques to reduce energy consumption for mobile computers. We use extra dedicated low-power modules to cut on processor cycles of the main CPU, i.e. hardware and software decomposition. These modules are autonomous and can be powered down individually. Furthermore, as networking consumes a large part of a mobile system's battery resources much effort is put in reducing energy consumption in this part. We use intelligent network interfaces with a power aware network protocol, and a MAC protocol that minimizes the `on-time' of network interfaces to reduce energy. There is a direct link between QoS and energy consumption. Therefore we move power management into the QoS domain. 1 Introduction Portable and hand-held computers must be careful not to waste the scarce energy resources in their batteries. Even though battery technology is improving continuously and processors and displays are rapidly improving in terms of power consumption, battery lif...

Paul J.M. Havinga; Gerard J. M. Smit

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Metal decontamination for waste minimization using liquid metal refining technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The current Department of Energy Mixed Waste Treatment Project flowsheet indicates that no conventional technology, other than surface decontamination, exists for metal processing. Current Department of Energy guidelines require retrievable storage of all metallic wastes containing transuranic elements above a certain concentration. This project is in support of the National Mixed Low Level Waste Treatment Program. Because of the high cost of disposal, it is important to develop an effective decontamination and volume reduction method for low-level contaminated metals. It is important to be able to decontaminate complex shapes where surfaces are hidden or inaccessible to surface decontamination processes and destruction of organic contamination. These goals can be achieved by adapting commercial metal refining processes to handle radioactive and organic contaminated metal. The radioactive components are concentrated in the slag, which is subsequently vitrified; hazardous organics are destroyed by the intense heat of the bath. The metal, after having been melted and purified, could be recycled for use within the DOE complex. In this project, we evaluated current state-of-the-art technologies for metal refining, with special reference to the removal of radioactive contaminants and the destruction of hazardous organics. This evaluation was based on literature reports, industrial experience, plant visits, thermodynamic calculations, and engineering aspects of the various processes. The key issues addressed included radioactive partitioning between the metal and slag phases, minimization of secondary wastes, operability of the process subject to widely varying feed chemistry, and the ability to seal the candidate process to prevent the release of hazardous species.

Joyce, E.L. Jr.; Lally, B. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Ozturk, B.; Fruehan, R.J. [Carnegie-Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

steam recovery. When a steam trap purges condensate from ato minimize steam losses, a condensate recovery system, anSimilarly, in steam blanchers were condensate is not

Masanet, Eric

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

The concrete theory of numbers : New Mersenne conjectures. Simplicity and other wonderful properties of numbers $L(n) = 2^{2n}\\pm2^n\\pm1$  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New Mersenne conjectures. The problems of simplicity, common prime divisors and free from squares of numbers $L(n) = 2^{2n}\\pm2^n\\pm1$ are investigated. Wonderful formulas $gcd $ for numbers $L (n) $ and numbers repunit are proved.

Boris V. Tarasov

2008-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

265

Perturbation hydrogen-atom spectrum in deformed space with minimal length  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study energy spectrum for hydrogen atom with deformed Heisenberg algebra leading to minimal length. We develop correct perturbation theory free of divergences. It gives a possibility to calculate analytically in the 3D case the corrections to $s$-levels of hydrogen atom caused by the minimal length. Comparing our result with experimental data from precision hydrogen spectroscopy an upper bound for the minimal length is obtained.

M. M. Stetsko; V. M. Tkachuk

2006-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

266

Oxygen-Consuming Chlor-Alkali Cell Configured To Minimize Peroxide...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

with the catalyst side away from the membrane, electrolysis of sodium chloride to chlorine and caustic (sodium hydroxide) proceeded with minimal peroxide formation. U.S. Patent...

267

Minimal free resolutions and Betti diagrams of the algebras of $SL_2$-invariants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For the algebras of $SL_2$-invariants of small homological dimension theirs minimal free graded resolutions and graded Betti diagrams calculated.

Bedratyuk, Leonid

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Minimizing Discomfort during the injection of Radiesse™ with the use of either local anesthetic or ice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Comite SL, Storwick GS. Ice minimizes discomfort associatedeither local anesthetic or ice Stephen Comite MD 1 , Alexisinvolves the use of an ice cube for anesthesia. Ice has been

Comite, Stephen; Greene, Alexis; Cieszynski, Sabina A; Zaroovabeli, Pauline; Marks, Karen

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Exact Low-rank Matrix Recovery via Nonconvex Mp-Minimization 1 ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

nuclear norm minimization. In this paper, we consider the nonconvex relaxations by introducing Mp-norm (0

270

NNSA, Republic of Korea Ministry Agree to Minimize Use of HEU...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Republic of Korea Ministry Agree to Minimize Use of HEU in Nuclear Reactors | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation...

271

NNSA Works to Minimize the use of HEU in Medical Isotope Production...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Works to Minimize the use of HEU in Medical Isotope Production | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the...

272

Zone Freezing Study for Pyrochemical Process Waste Minimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pyroprocessing technology is a non-aqueous separation process for treatment of used nuclear fuel. At the heart of pyroprocessing lies the electrorefiner, which electrochemically dissolves uranium from the used fuel at the anode and deposits it onto a cathode. During this operation, sodium, transuranics, and fission product chlorides accumulate in the electrolyte salt (LiCl-KCl). These contaminates change the characteristics of the salt overtime and as a result, large volumes of contaminated salt are being removed, reprocessed and stored as radioactive waste. To reduce the storage volumes and improve recycling process for cost minimization, a salt purification method called zone freezing has been proposed at Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI). Zone freezing is melt crystallization process similar to the vertical Bridgeman method. In this process, the eutectic salt is slowly cooled axially from top to bottom. As solidification occurs, the fission products are rejected from the solid interface and forced into the liquid phase. The resulting product is a grown crystal with the bulk of the fission products near the bottom of the salt ingot, where they can be easily be sectioned and removed. Despite successful feasibility report from KAERI on this process, there were many unexplored parameters to help understanding and improving its operational routines. Thus, this becomes the main motivation of this proposed study. The majority of this work has been focused on the CsCl-LiCl-KCl ternary salt. CeCl3-LiCl-KCl was also investigated to check whether or not this process is feasible for the trivalent species—surrogate for rare-earths and transuranics. For the main part of the work, several parameters were varied, they are: (1) the retort advancement rate—1.8, 3.2, and 5.0 mm/hr, (2) the crucible lid configurations—lid versus no-lid, (3) the amount or size of mixture—50 and 400 g, (4) the composition of CsCl in the salt—1, 3, and 5 wt%, and (5) the temperature differences between the high and low furnace zones—200 and 300 ?C. During each experiment, the temperatures at selected locations around the crucible were measured and recorded to provide temperature profiles. Following each experiment, samples were collected and elemental analysis was done to determine the composition of iii the salt. Several models—non-mixed, well-mixed, Favier, and hybrid—were explored to describe the zone freezing process. For CsCl-LiCl-KCl system, experimental results indicate that through this process up to 90% of the used salt can be recycled, effectively reducing waste volume by a factor of ten. The optimal configuration was found to be a 5.0 mm/hr rate with a lid configuration and a ?T of 200°C. The larger 400 g mixtures had recycle percentages similar to the 50 g mixtures; however, the throughput per time was greater for the 400 g case. As a result, the 400 g case is recommended. For the CeCl3-LiCl-KCl system, the result implies that it is possible to use this process to separate the rare-earth and transuranics chlorides. Different models were applied to only CsCl ternary system. The best fit model was the hybrid model as a result of a solute transport transition from non- mixed to well-mixed throughout the growing process.

Ammon Williams

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Using Misbehavior to Analyze Strategic versus Aggregate Energy Minimization in Wireless  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

their transmission powers to minimize the aggregate energy expenditure. Our analysis of these models yields insightsUsing Misbehavior to Analyze Strategic versus Aggregate Energy Minimization in Wireless Sensor of the prob- lem of energy misbehavior and develop an analytical frame- work for quantifying its impact

Wei, Shuangqing

274

On the Non-Minimal Coupling of the Higgs Boson to Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive the first bound on the value of the Higgs boson non-minimal coupling to the Ricci scalar. We show that the recent discovery of the Higgs boson at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN implies that the non-minimal coupling is smaller than $1.7\\times 10^{15}$.

Atkins, Michael

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Minimizing test suites in software product lines using weight-based genetic algorithms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Test minimization techniques aim at identifying and eliminating redundant test cases from test suites in order to reduce the total number of test cases to execute, thereby improving the efficiency of testing. In the context of software product line, ... Keywords: fault detection capability, feature pairwise coverage, test minimization, weight-based gas

Shuai Wang; Shaukat Ali; Arnaud Gotlieb

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

On the applicability of the minimal configured hierarchical fuzzy control and its relevance to function approximation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an approach to minimal hierarchical fuzzy control systems design. It maintains the idea of distributing behaviors inside a fuzzy structure, while the minimal hierarchical fuzzy control is an effective procedure for dealing with systems ... Keywords: ANFIS, Behavioral decomposition, Control, Design, FIS, FLU, Function approximation, Hierarchical fuzzy systems, MCANHFLS, Methodology, RMSE, TSK

Taher M. Jelleli; Adel M. Alimi

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Transpiring purging access probe for particulate laden or hazardous environments  

SciTech Connect

An access probe for remote-sensing access through a viewing port, viewing volume, and access port into a vessel. The physical boundary around the viewing volume is partially formed by a porous sleeve lying between the viewing volume and a fluid conduit. In a first mode of operation, a fluid supplied to the fluid conduit encounters the porous sleeve and flows through the porous material to maintain the viewing volume free of ash or other matter. When additional fluid force is needed to clear the viewing volume, the pressure of the fluid flow is increased sufficiently to slidably translate the porous sleeve, greatly increasing the flow into the viewing volume. The porous sleeve is returned to position by an actuating spring. The access probe thereby provides for alternate modes of operation based on the pressure of an actuating fluid.

VanOsdol, John G

2013-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

278

Environmental Restoration Program waste minimization and pollution prevention self-assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Environmental Restoration (ER) Program within Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc. is currently developing a more active waste minimization and pollution prevention program. To determine areas of programmatic improvements within the ER Waste Minimization and Pollution Prevention Awareness Program, the ER Program required an evaluation of the program across the Oak Ridge K-25 Site, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant, the Paducah Environmental Restoration and Waste Minimization Site, and the Portsmouth Environmental Restoration and Waste Minimization Site. This document presents the status of the overall program as of fourth quarter FY 1994, presents pollution prevention cost avoidance data associated with FY 1994 activities, and identifies areas for improvement. Results of this assessment indicate that the ER Waste Minimization and Pollution Prevention Awareness Program is firmly established and is developing rapidly. Several procedural goals were met in FY 1994 and many of the sites implemented ER waste minimization options. Additional growth is needed, however, for the ER Waste Minimization and Pollution Prevention Awareness Program.

Not Available

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Minimizers for the Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov Theory of Neutron Stars and White Dwarfs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We prove the existence of minimizers for Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov (HFB) energy functionals with attractive two-body interactions given by Newtonian gravity. This class of HFB functionals serves as model problem for self-gravitating relativistic Fermi systems, which are found in neutron stars and white dwarfs. Furthermore, we derive some fundamental properties of HFB minimizers such as a decay estimate for the minimizing density. A decisive feature of the HFB model in gravitational physics is its failure of weak lower semicontinuity. This fact essentially complicates the analysis compared to the well-studied Hartree-Fock theories in atomic physics.

Enno Lenzmann; Mathieu Lewin

2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

280

Ground State of the Hydrogen Atom via Dirac Equation in a Minimal Length Scenario  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work we calculate the correction to the ground state energy of the hydrogen atom due to contributions arising from the presence of a minimal length. The minimal length scenario is introduced by means of modifying the Dirac equation through a deformed Heisenberg algebra (kempf algebra). With the introduction of the Coulomb potential in the new Dirac energy operator, we calculate the energy shift of the ground state of the hydrogen atom in first order of the parameter related to the minimal length via perturbation theory.

T. L. Antonacci Oakes; R. O. Francisco; J. C. Fabris; J. A. Nogueira

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n2 purged minimal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Assessment of pre-competitive research and development needs for industrial waste minimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes the findings of the first phase of a study undertaken to define a role for the Advanced Industrial Concepts (AIC) Division of the Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT) in developing waste minimization technologies for the industrial sector. The report describes the results of an industrial waste characterization based mainly on the US Environmental Protection Agency`s (EPA`s) 1989 Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) database. IN addition, it contains the results of interviews with personnel from trade associations, environmental advocacy groups, federal agencies, and industrial firms regarding pre-competitive research and development needs for industrial waste minimization. Recommendations for future AIC waste minimization activities are provided.

Young, J.K.; Fassbender, L.L. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Sen, R.K. [Sen (R.K.) and Associates, Washington, DC (United States)

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Assessment of pre-competitive research and development needs for industrial waste minimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes the findings of the first phase of a study undertaken to define a role for the Advanced Industrial Concepts (AIC) Division of the Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT) in developing waste minimization technologies for the industrial sector. The report describes the results of an industrial waste characterization based mainly on the US Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) 1989 Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) database. IN addition, it contains the results of interviews with personnel from trade associations, environmental advocacy groups, federal agencies, and industrial firms regarding pre-competitive research and development needs for industrial waste minimization. Recommendations for future AIC waste minimization activities are provided.

Young, J.K.; Fassbender, L.L. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)); Sen, R.K. (Sen (R.K.) and Associates, Washington, DC (United States))

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Oxygen-Consuming Chlor-Alkali Cell Configured To Minimize Peroxide  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Oxygen-Consuming Chlor-Alkali Cell Oxygen-Consuming Chlor-Alkali Cell Oxygen-Consuming Chlor-Alkali Cell Configured To Minimize Peroxide Formation Oxygen-consuming zero gap chlor-alkali cell was configured to minimize peroxide formation. Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center (505) 665-9090 Email Oxygen-Consuming Chlor-Alkali Cell Configured To Minimize Peroxide Formation Oxygen-consuming zero gap chlor-alkali cell was configured to minimize peroxide formation. The cell included an ion-exchange membrane that divided the cell into an anode chamber including an anode and a cathode chamber including an oxygen gas diffusion cathode. The cathode included a single-piece of electrically conducting graphitized carbon cloth. Catalyst and polytetrafluoroethylene were attached to only one side of the cloth.

284

A variational level set approach for surface area minimization of triply-periodic surfaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we study triply-periodic surfaces with minimal surface area under a constraint in the volume fraction of the regions (phases) that the surface separates. Using a variational level set method formulation, we present a theoretical characterization ...

Y. Jung; K. T. Chu; S. Torquato

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Conjugate-Gradient Methods for Large-Scale Minimization in Meteorology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the last few years new meteorological variational analysis methods have evolved, requiring large-scale minimization of a nonlinear objective function described in terms of discrete variables. The conjugate-gradient method was found to ...

I. M. Navon; David M. Legler

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Computing minimal separating DFAs and regular invariants using SAT and SMT solvers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We develop a generic technique to compute minimal separating DFAs (deterministic finite automata) and regular invariants. Our technique works by expressing the desired properties of a solution in terms of logical formulae and using SAT or SMT solvers ...

Daniel Neider

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Efficient algorithms for outage minimization in parallel fading channels with limited feedback  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we address the optimal power allocation problem for minimizing the notion of information theoretic outage for an M parallel block-Rayleigh-fading channels using a finite rate power codebook (limited feedback). In contrast to the ...

YuanYuan He; Subhrakanti Dey

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

A new algorithm for training SVMs using approximate minimal enclosing balls  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It has been shown that many kernel methods can be equivalently formulated as minimal enclosing ball (MEB) problems in a certain feature space. Exploiting this reduction, efficient algorithms to scale up Support Vector Machines (SVMs) and other kernel ...

Emanuele Frandi; Maria Grazia Gasparo; Stefano Lodi; Ricardo Ñanculef; Claudio Sartori

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Optimal SISO and MIMO Spectral Efficiency to Minimize Hidden-Node Network Interference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this letter, the optimal spectral efficiency for a given message size that minimizes the probability of causing disruptive interference for ad hoc wireless networks or cognitive radios is investigated. Implicitly, the ...

Lincoln Laboratory; Bliss, Daniel W.; Bliss, Daniel W.

290

The Importance of Three Physical Processes in a Minimal Three-Dimensional Tropical Cyclone Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The minimal three-dimensional tropical cyclone model developed by Zhu et al. is used to explore the role of shallow convection, precipitation-cooled downdrafts, and the vertical transport of momentum by deep convection on the dynamics of tropical ...

Hongyan Zhu; Roger K. Smith

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Stepping Towards Sustainable Business: An Evaluation of Waste Minimization Practices in US Manufacturing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Central to the movement of organizations toward environmental sustainability is the financial viability and environmental effectiveness of the techniques for improving environmental performance. While waste-minimization practices (WMPs) have been touted ... Keywords: Environment, Organizational studies--effectiveness--performance

Iain J. Clelland; Thomas J. Dean; Thomas J. Douglas

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

The Use of Trust Regions in Kohn-Sham Total Energy Minimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the KS total energy optimization problem, which has beenthe original total energy minimization problem is. Secondly,the KS total energy minimiza- tion problem as min E total (

Yang, Chao; Meza, Juan C.; Wang, Lin-wang

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

A Minimal Model for the Short-Term Prediction of Rainfall in the Tropics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A “minimal” model is proposed here for the short-term prediction (up to 12 h ahead) of precipitation occurrence in the tropics. The model is purely statistical, consisting of an optimally weighted linear combination of a Markov chain and ...

K. Fraedrich; L. M. Leslie

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Hawking radiation via anomaly cancellation for the black holes of five-dimensional minimal gauged supergravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The anomaly cancellation method proposed by Wilczek et al. is applied to the general charged rotating black holes in five-dimensional minimal gauged supergravity. Thus Hawking temperature and fluxes are found. The Hawking ...

Porfyriadis, Achilleas P.

295

SASS Wind Ambiguity Removal by Direct Minimization. Part II: Use of Smoothness and Dynamical Constraints  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Variational analysis methods allow information from a variety of sources, including current observations and a priori statistics and constraints, to be combined by minimizing the lack of fit to the various sources of information. In this study, ...

Ross N. Hoffman

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Structural proteomics of minimal organisms: conservation ofprotein fold usage and evolutionary implications  

SciTech Connect

Background: Determining the complete repertoire of proteinstructures for all soluble, globular proteins in a single organism hasbeen one of the major goals of several structural genomics projects inrecent years. Results: We report that this goal has nearly been reachedfor several "minimal organisms"--parasites or symbionts with reducedgenomes--for which over 95 percent of the soluble, globular proteins maynow be assigned folds, overall 3-D backbone structures. We analyze thestructures of these proteins as they relate to cellular functions, andcompare conservation off old usage between functional categories. We alsocompare patterns in the conservation off olds among minimal organisms andthose observed between minimal organisms and other bacteria. Conclusion:We find that proteins performing essential cellular functions closelyrelated to transcription and translation exhibit a higher degree ofconservation in fold usage than proteins in other functional categories.Folds related to transcription and translation functional categories werealso over represented in minimal organisms compared to otherbacteria.

Chandonia, John-Marc; Kim, Sung-Hou

2006-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

297

A complete minimal system of covariants for the binary form of degree 7  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A minimal system of 147 homogeneous generators of the algebra of covariants for the binary form of degree 7 is calculated. Keywords: Classical invariant theory, Covariants of binary form, Derivations

Leonid Bedratyuk

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

A Fully Conserved Minimal Adjustment Scheme with (T, S) Coherency for Stabilization of Hydrographic Profiles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new, fully conserved minimal adjustment scheme with temperature and salinity (T, S) coherency is presented for eliminating false static instability generated from analyzing and assimilating stable ocean (T, S) profiles data, that is, from ...

Xidong Wang; Peter C. Chu; Guijun Han; Wei Li; Xuefeng Zhang; Dong Li

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

On a Theorem on sums of the form 1+2^(2^n)+2^(2^n+1)+...+2^(2^n+m) and a result linking Fermat with Mersenne numbers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In his book "250 Problems in Elementary Number Theory", W.Sierpinski shows that the numbers 1+2^(2^n)+2^(2^n+1) are divisible by 21; for n=1,2,.... In this paper, we prove a similar but more general result.Consider the natural numbers of the form I(n.m)= 1+2^(2^n)+2^(2^n+1)+...+2^(2^n+m).In Theorem 1 we prove that for every odd integer N greater than 1, there exist infinitely many natural numbers n and m such that the integers I(n.m) are divisible by N. We give an explicit construction of the numbers n and m, for a given N. As an example, when N=31, and with n=4k and m=94+124i, the numbers I(n,m) are divisible by 31. A similar example is offered for N=(31)(7)=217. In Theorem 2, we prove a result pertaining to Mersenne numbers.There are also three Corollaries in this work, one of which deals with Fermat numbers.

Konstantine "Hermes" Zelator

2008-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

300

1 Underwater 3D SLAM through Entropy Minimization J.M. Sez, A. Hogue, F. Escolano and M. Jenkin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Underwater 3D SLAM through Entropy Minimization J.M. Sáez, A. Hogue, F. Escolano and M. Jenkin Underwater 3D SLAM through Entropy Minimization J.M. Sáez*, A. Hogue**, F. Escolano* and M. Jenkin** Underwater 3D SLAM through Entropy Minimization *Robot Vision Group, Dept. de Ciencia de la Computación e

Escolano, Francisco

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n2 purged minimal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Schottky-type groups and minimal sets of horocycle and geodesic flows  

SciTech Connect

In the first part of the paper the following conjecture stated by Dal'bo and Starkov is proved: the geodesic flow on a surface M=H{sup 2}/{gamma} of constant negative curvature has a non-compact non-trivial minimal set if and only if the Fuchsian group {gamma} is infinitely generated or contains a parabolic element. In the second part interesting examples of horocycle flows are constructed: 1) a flow whose restriction to the non-wandering set has no minimal subsets, and 2) a flow without minimal sets. In addition, an example of an infinitely generated discrete subgroup of SL(2,R) with all orbits discrete and dense in R{sup 2} is constructed.

Kulikov, M S [M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2004-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

302

Hanford Site waste minimization and pollution prevention awareness program plan. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

The Hanford Site WMin/P2 program is an organized, comprehensive, and continual effort to systematically reduce the quantity and toxicity of hazardous, radioactive, mixed, and sanitary wastes; conserve resources; and prevent or minimize pollutant releases to all environmental media from all Site activities. The Hanford Site WMin/P2 program plan reflects national and DOE waste minimization and pollution prevention goals and policies, and represents an ongoing effort to make WMin/P2 part of the Site operating philosophy. In accordance with these policies, a hierarchical approach to environmental management has been adopted and is applied to all types of polluting and waste generating activities. Pollution prevention and waste minimization through source reduction are first priority in the Hanford WMin/P2 program, followed by environmentally safe recycling. Treatment to reduce the quantity, toxicity, and/or mobility will be considered only when prevention or recycling are not possible or practical. Environmentally safe disposal is the last option.

Not Available

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Methods for minimizing plastic flow of oil shale during in situ retorting  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In an in situ oil shale retorting process, plastic flow of hot rubblized oil shale is minimized by injecting carbon dioxide and water into spent shale above the retorting zone. These gases react chemically with the mineral constituents of the spent shale to form a cement-like material which binds the individual shale particles together and bonds the consolidated mass to the wall of the retort. This relieves the weight burden borne by the hot shale below the retorting zone and thereby minimizes plastic flow in the hot shale. At least a portion of the required carbon dioxide and water can be supplied by recycled product gases.

Lewis, Arthur E. (Los Altos, CA); Mallon, Richard G. (Livermore, CA)

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Minimizing interference of a wireless ad-hoc network in a plane  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the problem of topology control of a wireless ad-hoc network on a given set of points in the plane, where we aim to minimize the maximum interference by assigning a suitable transmission radius to each point. By using computational geometric ...

Magnús M. Halldórsson; Takeshi Tokuyama

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Two ant-colony algorithms for minimizing total flowtime in permutation flowshops  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The problem of scheduling in flowshops with the objective of minimizing total flowtime is studied. For solving the problem two ant-colony algorithms are proposed and analyzed. The first algorithm refers to some extent to ideas by Stuetzle [Stuetzle, ... Keywords: Ant-colony algorithm, Flowshop, Scheduling, Total flowtime

Chandrasekharan Rajendran; Hans Ziegler

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

B-Spline Image Model for Energy Minimization-Based Optical Flow Estimation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Robust estimation of the optical flow is addressed through a multiresolution energy minimization. It involves repeated evaluation of spatial and temporal gradients of image intensity which rely usually on bilinear interpolation and image filtering. We ... Keywords: Optical flow (OF), robust estimation, splines

G. Le Besnerais; F. Champagnat

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

A majorization-minimization approach to design of power distribution networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider optimization approaches to design cost-effective electrical networks for power distribution. This involves a trade-off between minimizing the power loss due to resistive heating of the lines and minimizing the construction cost (modeled by a linear cost in the number of lines plus a linear cost on the conductance of each line). We begin with a convex optimization method based on the paper 'Minimizing Effective Resistance of a Graph' [Ghosh, Boyd & Saberi]. However, this does not address the Alternating Current (AC) realm and the combinatorial aspect of adding/removing lines of the network. Hence, we consider a non-convex continuation method that imposes a concave cost of the conductance of each line thereby favoring sparser solutions. By varying a parameter of this penalty we extrapolate from the convex problem (with non-sparse solutions) to the combinatorial problem (with sparse solutions). This is used as a heuristic to find good solutions (local minima) of the non-convex problem. To perform the necessary non-convex optimization steps, we use the majorization-minimization algorithm that performs a sequence of convex optimizations obtained by iteratively linearizing the concave part of the objective. A number of examples are presented which suggest that the overall method is a good heuristic for network design. We also consider how to obtain sparse networks that are still robust against failures of lines and/or generators.

Johnson, Jason K [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Chertkov, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Life Cycle of a Minimal Protocell---A Dissipative Particle Dynamics Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cross-reactions and other systematic difficulties generated by the coupling of functional chemical subsystems pose the largest challenge for assembling a viable protocell in the laboratory. Our current work seeks to identify and clarify such key issues ... Keywords: Artificial life, chemical reactions, dissipative particle dynamics, minimal protocell self-assembly

Harold Fellermann; Steen Rasmussen; Hans-Joachim Ziock; Ricard V. Solé

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Minimizing Instrumental Broadening of the Drop Size Distribution with the M-Fast-FSSP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A modified version of the Fast-FSSP (the so-called M-Fast-FSSP) is introduced. It allows minimization of the instrumental broadening of measured cloud drop size distributions caused by laser beam inhomogeneities. This is achieved by applying a ...

Sebastian Schmidt; Katrin Lehmann; Manfred Wendisch

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

A sequential minimal optimization algorithm for the all-distances support vector machine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The All-Distances SVM is a single-objective light extension of the binary µ-SVM for multi-category classification that is competitive against multi-objective SVMs, such as One-against-the-Rest SVMs and One-against-One SVMs. Although the model takes ... Keywords: kernel machines, multi-category classification, sequential minimal optimization, support vector machines

Diego Candel; Ricardo Ñanculef; Carlos Concha; Héctor Allende

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Freeze: engineering a fast repeater insertion solver for power minimization using the ellipsoid method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a novel repeater insertion algorithm for the power minimization of realistic interconnect trees under given timing budgets. Our algorithm judiciously combines a local optimizer based on the dynamic programming technique and a global ... Keywords: interconnect, low power, repeater insertion

Yuantao Peng; Xun Liu

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

A heuristic for minimizing the makespan in no-idle permutation flow shops  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper deals with the problem of finding a job sequence that minimizes the makespan in m-machine flow shops under the no-idle condition. This condition requires that each machine must process jobs without any interruption from the start of processing ... Keywords: Flow shop, Heuristics, Makespan, No-idle machines, Scheduling

Pawel Jan Kalczynski; Jerzy Kamburowski

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Minimizing total earliness and tardiness on a single machine using a hybrid heuristic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper focuses on scheduling jobs with different processing times and distinct due dates on a single machine with no inserted idle time as to minimize the sum of total earliness and tardiness. This scheduling problem is a very important and frequent ... Keywords: Combinatorial optimization, Earliness, Hybrid heuristics, Scheduling, Single machine, Tardiness

Rym M'Hallah

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Implementation of Waste Minimization at a complex R&D site  

SciTech Connect

Under the 1994 Waste Minimization/Pollution Prevention Crosscut Plan, the Department of Energy (DOE) has set a goal of 50% reduction in waste at its facilities by the end of 1999. Each DOE site is required to set site-specific goals to reduce generation of all types of waste including hazardous, radioactive, and mixed. To meet these goals, Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Argonne, IL, has developed and implemented a comprehensive Pollution Prevention/Waste Minimization (PP/WMin) Program. The facilities and activities at the site vary from research into basic sciences and research into nuclear fuel cycle to high energy physics and decontamination and decommissioning projects. As a multidisciplinary R&D facility and a multiactivity site, ANL generates waste streams that are varied, in physical form as well as in chemical constituents. This in turn presents a significant challenge to put a cohesive site-wide PP/WMin Program into action. In this paper, we will describe ANL`s key activities and waste streams, the regulatory drivers for waste minimization, and the DOE goals in this area, and we will discuss ANL`s strategy for waste minimization and it`s implementation across the site.

Lang, R.E. [USDOE Chicago Operations Office, Argonne, IL (United States); Thuot, J.R.; Devgun, J.S. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Some Aspects of Supersymmetric Field Theories with Minimal Length and Maximal Momentum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a real scalar field and a Majorana fermion field to construct a supersymmetric quantum theory of free fermion fields based on the deformed Heisenberg algebra $[x,p]=i\\hbar\\big(1-\\beta p+2\\beta^{2}p^{2}\\big)$, where $\\beta $ is a deformation parameter. We present a deformed supersymmetric algebra in the presence of minimal length and maximal momentum.

Nozari, Kourosh; Balef, F Rezaee

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Comparison of Frames: Jordan vs Einstein Frame for a Non-minimal Dark Energy Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct a dark energy model where a scalar field non-minimally coupled to gravity plays the role of the dark component. We compare cosmological consequences of this non-minimal coupling of the scalar field and gravity in the spirit of the dark energy paradigm in Jordan and Einstein frames. Some important issues such as phantom divide line crossing, existence of the bouncing solutions and the stability of the solutions are compared in these two frames. We show that while a non-minimally coupled scalar field in the Jordan frame is a suitable dark energy component with capability to realize phantom divide line crossing, its conformal transformation in the Einstein frame has not this capability. The conformal transformation from Jordan frame to Einstein frame transforms the equation of state parameter of the dark energy component to its minimal form with a redefined scalar field and in this case it is impossible to realize a phantom phase with possible crossing of the phantom divide line.

Kourosh Nozari; S. Davood Sadatian

2009-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

317

Anaerobic Baffled Reactor (ABR) for Alkali-minimization Dyeing-printing Wastewater Biodegradation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The performance of the laboratory scale anaerobic baffled reactor (ABR) was investigated by the use of granular sludge to treat alkali-minimization and dyeing-printing wastewater (ADW-water). The experiment showed that the start-up of reactor was completed ... Keywords: ABR, ADW-water, Granular sludge, UV254, VFA

Qijun Zhong; Bo Yang

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Polynomial time learning of some multiple context-free languages with a minimally adequate teacher  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present an algorithm for the inference of some Multiple Context-Free Grammars from Membership and Equivalence Queries, using the Minimally Adequate Teacher model of Angluin. This is an extension of the congruence based methods for learning some Context-Free ...

Ryo Yoshinaka; Alexander Clark

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

SS 2006 Selected Topics CMR Minimal infinite cogeneration-closed subcategories.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SS 2006 Selected Topics CMR Minimal infinite cogeneration-closed subcategories. Claus Michael C is finite. Finally, C is cogeneration-closed, provided it is also closed under submodules. Given subcategory containing X . Theorem. Let C be an infinite cogeneration-closed subcategory of mod . Then C

Ringel, Claus Michael

320

EMMCVPR 2011, St. Petersburg Minimizing Count-based High Order Terms in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EMMCVPR 2011, St. Petersburg Minimizing Count-based High Order Terms in Markov Random Fields Thomas to handle computer vision problems inducing models with very high order terms - in fact terms of maximal order. Here we consider terms where the cost function depends only on the number of variables

Lunds Universitet

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n2 purged minimal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Energy Minimization Using Multiple Supply Voltages Jui-Ming Chang and Massoud Pedram  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Minimization Using Multiple Supply Voltages Jui-Ming Chang and Massoud Pedram Department and energy costs of these level shifters must be taken into account when comparing a multiple-supply voltage a dynamic programming technique for solv- ing the multiple supply voltage scheduling problem in both non

Pedram, Massoud

322

A Non-minimally Coupled Quintom Dark Energy Model on the Warped DGP Brane  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study dynamics of equation of state parameter for a non-minimally coupled quintom dark energy component on the warped DGP brane. We investigate crossing of the cosmological constant line in this scenario. This crossing occurs in both DGP$^{\\pm}$ branches of the model.

Kourosh Nozari; M. R. Setare; Tahereh Azizi; Noushin Behrouz

2008-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

323

From Dark Energy to Dark Matter via Non-Minimal Coupling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Toy cosmological models based on non-minimal coupling between gravity and scalar dilaton-like field are presented in the framework of Palatini formalism. They have the following property: preceding to a given cosmological epoch is a dark energy epoch with an accelerated expansion. The next (future) epoch becomes dominated by some kind of dark matter.

A. Borowiec

2008-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

324

Time-Minimal Control of Dissipative Two-level Quantum Systems: the Generic Case  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this article is to complete preliminary results concerning the time-minimal control of dissipative two-level quantum systems whose dynamics is governed by Lindblad equations. The extremal system is described by a 3D-Hamiltonian depending upon three parameters. We combine geometric techniques with numerical simulations to deduce the optimal solutions.

B. Bonnard; M. Chyba; D. Sugny

2008-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

325

Waste minimization for commercial radioactive materials users generating low-level radioactive waste. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this document is to provide a resource for all states and compact regions interested in promoting the minimization of low-level radioactive waste (LLW). This project was initiated by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, and Massachusetts waste streams have been used as examples; however, the methods of analysis presented here are applicable to similar waste streams generated elsewhere. This document is a guide for states/compact regions to use in developing a system to evaluate and prioritize various waste minimization techniques in order to encourage individual radioactive materials users (LLW generators) to consider these techniques in their own independent evaluations. This review discusses the application of specific waste minimization techniques to waste streams characteristic of three categories of radioactive materials users: (1) industrial operations using radioactive materials in the manufacture of commercial products, (2) health care institutions, including hospitals and clinics, and (3) educational and research institutions. Massachusetts waste stream characterization data from key radioactive materials users in each category are used to illustrate the applicability of various minimization techniques. The utility group is not included because extensive information specific to this category of LLW generators is available in the literature.

Fischer, D.K.; Gitt, M.; Williams, G.A.; Branch, S. [EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Otis, M.D.; McKenzie-Carter, M.A.; Schurman, D.L. [Science Applications International Corp., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Shipment partitioning and routing to minimize makespan in a transportation network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper addresses the problem of partitioning and transporting a shipment of known size through an n-node public transportation network with known scheduled departure and arrival times and expected available capacities for each departure. The objective ... Keywords: Minimizing makespan, Partitioning, Vehicle routing

Anand S. Kunnathur; Udayan Nandkeolyar; Daowei Li

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Linear reachability problems and minimal solutions to linear Diophantine equation systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The linear reachability problem for finite state transition systems is to decide whether there is an execution path in a given finite state transition system such that the counts of labels on the path satisfy a given linear constraint. Using some known ... Keywords: linear diophantine equation systems, minimal solutions, model-checking, reachability, timed automata

Gaoyan Xie; Cheng Li; Zhe Dang

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

HOW TO MINIMIZE PESTICIDE DAMAGE OF HONEY BEES Greg Hunt and Christian Krupke, Extension Entomologists  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

effects of pesticides. Bees are very sensitive to pesticides and are vulnerable when foraging. It is a label violation to apply pesticides toxic to bees when bees are foraging on the crop. Honey bees and the beekeeper to minimize pesticide damage. Cucurbit pollination: Crops like melons, cucumbers, squash

Ginzel, Matthew

329

Method of Minimal Representation: An Alternative Diagrammatic Technique to Test the Validity of Categorical Syllogisms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Some valid Categorical Syllogisms in traditional interpretation befall invalid in the modern point of view. Euler Circles and its variants evaluate the validity as per the traditional interpretation whereas Venn Diagrams and its modifications examine ... Keywords: Euler Circles, Method of Minimal Representation, Venn Diagrams

Sumanta Sarathi Sharma

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Minimizing Aggregation Latency under the Physical Interference Model in Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of today's electric power systems, making them a vital component of the smart grid. Efficient aggregation of data collected by sensors is crucial for a successful WSN-based smart grid application. Existing works the network capacity. In this paper, we propose a distributed algorithm to minimize the data aggregation

Baras, John S.

331

Minimizing Building Electricity Costs in a Dynamic Power Market: Algorithms and Impact on Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Minimizing Building Electricity Costs in a Dynamic Power Market: Algorithms and Impact on Energy of Computing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, P. R. China 2 Department of Electrical and the electricity bills nowa- days are leading to unprecedented costs. Electricity price is market-based and dynamic

Wang, Dan

332

Validation that a 1-year fellowship in minimally invasive and bariatric surgery can eliminate the learning curve for laparoscopic gastric bypass  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a six-week focused training program for minimally invasivesurgery fellowship training program in?uence operativeof a fellowship training program in minimally invasive and

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Optimal geometries and harmonic vibrational frequencies of the global minima of water clusters (H2O)n, n=2-6, and several hexamer local minima at the CCSD(T) level of theory  

SciTech Connect

We report the first optimum geometries and harmonic vibrational frequencies for the ring pentamer and several water hexamer (prism, cage, cyclic and two book) at the CCSD(T)/aug-cc-pVDZ level of theory. All five hexamer isomer minima previously reported by MP2 are also minima on the CCSD(T) potential energy surface (PES). In addition, all CCSD(T) minimum energy structures for the n=2-6 cluster isomers are quite close to the ones previously obtained by MP2 on the respective PESs, as confirmed by a modified Procrustes analysis that quantifies the difference between any two cluster geometries. The CCSD(T) results confirm the cooperative effect of the homodromic ring networks (systematic contraction of the nearest-neighbor (nn) intermolecular separations with cluster size) previously reported by MP2, albeit with O-O distances shorter by ~0.02 Å, indicating that MP2 overcorrects this effect. The harmonic frequencies at the minimum geometries were obtained by the double differentiation of the CCSD(T) energy using an efficient scheme based on internal coordinates that reduces the number of required single point energy evaluations by ~15% when compared to the corresponding double differentiation using Cartesian coordinates. Negligible differences between MP2 and CCSD(T) are found for the librational modes, while uniform increases of ~15 and ~25 cm-1 are observed for the bending and “free” OH harmonic frequencies. The largest differences between MP2 and CCSD(T) are observed for the harmonic hydrogen bonded frequencies. The CCSD(T) red shifts from the monomer frequencies (??) are smaller than the MP2 ones, due to the fact that the former produces shorter elongations (?R) of the respective hydrogen bonded OH lengths from the monomer value with respect to the latter. Both the MP2 and CCSD(T) results for the hydrogen bonded frequencies were found to closely follow the relation - ?? = s ? ?R, with a rate of s = 20.3 cm-1 / 0.001 Å. The CCSD(T) harmonic frequencies, when corrected using the MP2 anharmonicities obtained from second order vibrational perturbation theory (VPT2), produce anharmonicCCSD(T) estimates that are within < 60 cm-1 from the measured infrared (IR) active bands of the n=2-6 clusters and furthermore trace the observed red shifts with respect to the monomer (??) quite accurately. The energetic order between the various hexamer isomers on the PES (prism has the lowest energy) previously reported at MP2 was found to be preserved at the CCSD(T) level, whereas the inclusion of anharmonic corrections further stabilizes the cage among the hexamer isomers.

Miliordos, Evangelos; Apra, Edoardo; Xantheas, Sotiris S.

2013-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

334

A Higher Order GUP with Minimal Length Uncertainty and Maximal Momentum II: Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a recent paper, we presented a nonperturbative higher order generalized uncertainty principle (GUP) that is consistent with various proposals of quantum gravity such as string theory, loop quantum gravity, doubly special relativity, and predicts both a minimal length uncertainty and a maximal observable momentum. In this Letter, we find exact maximally localized states and present a formally self-adjoint and naturally perturbative representation of this modified algebra. Then we extend this GUP to D dimensions that will be shown it is noncommutative and find invariant density of states. We show that the presence of the maximal momentum results in upper bounds on the energy spectrum of the free particle and the particle in box. Moreover, this form of GUP modifies blackbody radiation spectrum at high frequencies and predicts a finite cosmological constant. Although it does not solve the cosmological constant problem, it gives a better estimation with respect to the presence of just the minimal length.

Pouria Pedram

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

335

Method and apparatus for minimizing the fuel usage in an internal combustion engine  

SciTech Connect

An apparatus and method is disclosed for minimizing the fuel usage in an internal combustion engine. The subject invention is particularly adapted for use with an engine installation subject to varying loads and which includes a governor for varying fuel flow as a function of load. In operation, the combustibles in the exhaust gas of the engine is continuously monitored. The measured level of combustibles is then compared with a predetermined level corresponding to optimum efficiency. A controller is provided for varying the air/fuel ratio supplied to the engine for maximizing efficiency in correspondence with the preset level. By this arrangement, energy output is increased permitting the governor to further reduce fuel flow, thereby minimizing energy costs.

Smojven, R.R.

1984-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

336

Bounds on the Higgs Mass in the Standard Model and Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present bounds on the Higgs mass in the Standard Model and in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model using the effective potential with next-to-leading logarithms resummed by the renormalization group equations, and physical (pole) masses for the top quark and Higgs boson. In the Standard Model we obtain lower bounds from stability requirements: they depend on the top mass and the cutoff scale. In the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model we obtain upper bounds which depend on the top mass and the scale of supersymmetry breaking. A Higgs mass measurement could discriminate, depending on the top mass, between the two models. Higgs discovery at LEP-200 can put an upper bound on the scale of new physics.

Mariano Quirós

1994-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

337

Competitive Ratio Analysis of Online Algorithms to Minimize Data Transmission Time in Energy Harvesting Communication System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the optimal online packet scheduling problem in a single-user energy harvesting wireless communication system, where energy is harvested from natural renewable sources, making future energy arrivals instants and amounts random in nature. The most general case of arbitrary energy arrivals is considered where neither the future energy arrival instants or amount, nor their distribution is known. The problem considered is to adaptively change the transmission rate according to the causal energy arrival information, such that the time by which all packets are delivered is minimized. We assume that all bits have arrived and are ready at the source before the transmission begins. For a minimization problem, the utility of an online algorithm is tested by finding its competitive ratio or competitiveness that is defined to be the maximum of the ratio of the gain of the online algorithm with the optimal offline algorithm over all input sequences. We derive a lower and upper bound on the competitive ratio of...

Vaze, Rahul

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

A convergent algorithm for the hybrid problem of reconstructing conductivity from minimal interior data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the hybrid problem of reconstructing the isotropic electric conductivity of a body $\\Omega$ from interior Current Density Imaging data obtainable using MRI measurements. We only require knowledge of the magnitude $|J|$ of one current generated by a given voltage $f$ on the boundary $\\partial\\Omega$. As previously shown, the corresponding voltage potential u in $\\Omega$ is a minimizer of the weighted least gradient problem \\[u=\\hbox{argmin} \\{\\int_{\\Omega}a(x)|\

Moradifam, Amir; Timonov, Alexandre

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Probability of a Solution to the Solar Neutrino Problem Within the Minimal Standard Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tests, independent of any solar model, can be made of whether solar neutrino experiments are consistent with the minimal Standard Model (stable, massless neutrinos). If the experimental uncertainties are correctly estimated and the sun is generating energy by light-element fusion in quasi-static equilibrium, the probability of a standard-physics solution is less than 2%. Even when the luminosity constraint is abandoned, the probability is not more than 4%. The sensitivity of the conclusions to input parameters is explored.

Karsten M. Heeger; R. G. H. Robertson

1996-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

340

Design space exploration for minimizing multi-project wafer production cost,” ASPDAC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract- Chip floorplan in a reticle for Multi-Project Wafer (MPW) plays a key role in deciding chip fabrication cost. In this paper 1, we propose a methodology to explore reticle flooplan design space to minimize MPW production cost, facilitated by a new cost model and an efficient reticle floorplanning method. It is shown that a good floorplan saves 47 % and 42 % production cost with respect to a poor floorplan for small and medium volume production, respectively. I.

Rung-bin Lin; Meng-chiou Wu; Wei-chiu Tseng; Ming-hsine Kuo; Tsai-ying Lin; Shr-cheng Tsai

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n2 purged minimal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Electromagnetic Duality and New Solutions of the Non-minimally Coupled Y(R)-Maxwell Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Non-minimally coupled Y(R)-Maxwell gravity which have some interesting solutions may be used to understand dark matter, dark energy, the origin of cosmic magnetic field and the evaluation of the universe. We give some new solutions to the model such as spherically symmetric electric, magnetic and dyon solutions. We point out an existence of an electromagnetic duality transformation for the model.

Özcan Sert

2013-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

342

Quality of mini-peeled carrots as affected by genotype, minimal processing and edible coating  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Minimally processed vegetables provide convenience, fresh characteristics and human health benefits. Some fresh carrots are minimally processed by abrasive peelers and washed to remove cellular fluids to produce carrot sticks, mini peeled carrots and grated carrots. Shelf life and acceptability of packaged minimally processed carrots is sometimes limited by a white discoloration that develops on abraded surfaces during storage, and poor flavor. This study was undertaken to investigate the effects of genotype, minimal processing and edible coating treatment on quality of mini-peeled carrots. Genotypic variations in total terpenoids, sugars, phenolics, total carotenoids and sensory attributes were observed (P>0.05). Among experimental hybrids evaluated TX30129 had the highest sugar and carotenoid levels. White surface discoloration on mini-peeled carrots was noted 7 days after processing. Total sugars, sucrose, total carotenoids and volatile terpenoid levels decreased during storage. Total soluble phenolics increased up to 14 days storage and then declined. Edible coating treatment effectively retarded white surface discoloration without diminishing microbial or chemical quality of mini-peeled carrots. Sensory scores for fresh carrot flavor, fresh carrot aroma and overall acceptability were higher for coated carrots. An application rate of 0.23-0.49 L/min appeared adequate for protection against surface discoloration and for retention of flavor. Terpenoid and carotene contents declined within 3 days after processing. Edible coating treatment did not affect terpenoid or carotenoid levels during storage. Apparently, Nature SeaTM coating had poor barrier characteristics since volatile terpenoids readily diffused through the coating during storage. Carotene losses during peeling were most likely associated with enzymatic activity or increased exposure to oxygen. Packaging mini-peeled carrots under reduced oxygen conditions may retard carotene loss.

Dewi, Tjin Tjin

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Minimization of Pressurized Water Reactor Radiation Fields through Fuel Deposit Engineering: Deposit Property Evaluation and Optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to provide an initial assessment of the options for modification of pressurized water reactor (PWR) primary side corrosion product deposits (crud) to minimize the incorporation of activated crud into out-of-core surfaces, thus reducing the intensity of out-of-core radiation fields. This report summarizes the current knowledge of PWR fuel crud characteristics, including crystallographic structure (crystal habits), and buildup mechanisms. The report also reviews the ...

2013-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

344

Striped periodic minimizers of a two-dimensional model for martensitic phase transitions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we consider a simplified two-dimensional scalar model for the formation of mesoscopic domain patterns in martensitic shape-memory alloys at the interface between a region occupied by the parent (austenite) phase and a region occupied by the product (martensite) phase, which can occur in two variants (twins). The model, first proposed by Kohn and Mueller, is defined by the following functional: $${\\cal E}(u)=\\beta||u(0,\\cdot)||^2_{H^{1/2}([0,h])}+ \\int_{0}^{L} dx \\int_0^h dy \\big(|u_x|^2 + \\epsilon |u_{yy}| \\big)$$ where $u:[0,L]\\times[0,h]\\to R$ is periodic in $y$ and $u_y=\\pm 1$ almost everywhere. Conti proved that if $\\beta\\gtrsim\\epsilon L/h^2$ then the minimal specific energy scales like $\\sim \\min\\{(\\epsilon\\beta/L)^{1/2}, (\\epsilon/L)^{2/3}\\}$, as $(\\epsilon/L)\\to 0$. In the regime $(\\epsilon\\beta/L)^{1/2}\\ll (\\epsilon/L)^{2/3}$, we improve Conti's results, by computing exactly the minimal energy and by proving that minimizers are periodic one-dimensional sawtooth functions.

Alessandro Giuliani; Stefan Mueller

2010-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

345

Energy Minimization for the Half-Duplex Relay Channel with Decode-Forward Relaying  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze coding for energy efficiency in the relay channel for a fixed source rate. We propose a comprehensive half-duplex decode-forward coding scheme and three optimal sets of power allocation, which respectively minimize the network, the relay and the source energy consumption. Analysis shows that minimizing the network energy consumption at a given rate is not equivalent to maximizing the rate given energy, since it only covers a part of all rates achievable with decode-forward. We therefore combine the proposed schemes for minimizing network and relay energy consumption into a generalized one, which then covers all achievable rates. This generalized scheme is not only energy-optimal but also rate-optimal for the consumed energy. Furthermore, we derive the optimal power allocation in closed-form, which has so far remained only implicit. Performance analysis shows that the proposed schemes save significant energy compared to both direct and two-hop transmissions and, considering the network geometry, inc...

Parzysz, Fanny; Gagnon, François

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Controlling the Expansion of Laser-Fusion Plasma to Minimize Impact Damage  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

I propose to analytically model the rapid, nonequilibrium expansion of laser-fusion plasma from an initial diameter of 1 mm to a final diameter of 10 m. The aim is to devise a counterforce that minimizes the impact damage on optics by laser-plasma debris. This flow model is the basis of an idea for a dynamic target that efficiently converts laser energy to x-rays while minimizing the total mass propelled as debris. Also, the flow model is the basis of an idea to magnetically deflect material away from the optic ports in the vacuum chamber wall. The model combines results for supersonic one-dimensional gas flow of cylindrical-hemispherical symmetry, with a transition from thermal to nonequilibrium (''frozen'') plasma flow, which is set differently along each characteristic line (the ''Bray criterion'' as a Riemann invariant). The model shows how density, pressure, velocity, ionization fraction, electron temperature, and electrical conductivity vary over space and time, given an impulsively-heated source mass. The model is analytical, and examples are calculated on a desktop computer. This ease-of-use makes it possible to iterate quickly when refining ideas, such as a dynamic metal-vapor target that propels minimal debris, and a magnetohydrodynamic generator as a brake on the flow speed directed at the optic ports. The work involved here is that of an individual refining his analysis.

Garcia, M.

1999-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

347

An analysis of radioactive waste minimization efforts at Los Alamos National Laboratory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

LANL will be the primary DOE facility for plutonium research and development and plutonium processing. A summary of the currently generated waste types, volumes, generating facilities or programs, and disposal costs are given in this report along with future waste generation projections. Several key existing technologies have been identified that could be introduced to reduce the generated waste at LANL. Four of these are discussed in detail in this report: (1) electrolytic surface decontamination, (2) electrochemical treatment of mixed wastes, (3) Long Range Alpha Detection (LRAD), and (4) Segmented Gate and Containerized Vat Leach System (SGS/CVL). These technologies may be implemented as modifications in upstream processes as well as more efficient volume reduction and segregation. The four technologies are mature enough to be implemented in the next two to three years and can be done so with the support for capital and operational costs. Also discussed in this report is a small sample of some of the recent waste minimization success stories that have been implemented. Several technologies are presented that are either currently being investigated or on hold due to lack of funding at LANL but show potential for making significant gains in waste minimization. This report is intended to provide a review of the waste minimization issues and analysis of the impact of implementing a few of these technologies.

Voit, S.L.; Boerigter, S.T.

1997-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

348

Waste minimization/pollution prevention study of high-priority waste streams  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although waste minimization has been practiced by the Metals and Ceramics (M&C) Division in the past, the effort has not been uniform or formalized. To establish the groundwork for continuous improvement, the Division Director initiated a more formalized waste minimization and pollution prevention program. Formalization of the division`s pollution prevention efforts in fiscal year (FY) 1993 was initiated by a more concerted effort to determine the status of waste generation from division activities. The goal for this effort was to reduce or minimize the wastes identified as having the greatest impact on human health, the environment, and costs. Two broad categories of division wastes were identified as solid/liquid wastes and those relating to energy use (primarily electricity and steam). This report presents information on the nonradioactive solid and liquid wastes generated by division activities. More specifically, the information presented was generated by teams of M&C staff members empowered by the Division Director to study specific waste streams.

Ogle, R.B. [comp.

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Encoding serial data for energy-delay-product and energy minimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Serial or parallel buses are widely used to communicate information in most electronic devices. The energy consumed by bus interconnects may comprise a signi?cant portion of the overall energy consumption of the device. Hence, techniques to reduce the energy consumption of bus interconnects have become an important area of research. One common method adopted to reduce energy is Bus Encoding, where redundant bits are added to the original data stream either in time or space to reduce the energy consumption. In this thesis, a novel bus encoding technique, called the Multiple Codebook Approach (MCA), is presented to reduce the Energy-Delay-Product (EDP) and Energy for data transmission over serial buses. For any symbol that is to be transmitted on the bus, the best code is selected (from an EDP or energy minimization standpoint) from among a set of codebooks. In particular, the implementation utilizes 3 codebooks. To minimize EDP, the codeword for each symbol is selected based on the product of the number of transitions resulting from its transmission in a serial manner, and the codeword length. To minimize energy, the codeword for each symbol is selected based on the number of transitions alone. The MCA is compared with other reported techniques in the literature, and the results are quite promising. The MCA achieves a 11% improvement in EDP and 3% improvement iv in Energy over the best approach known for serial data transmission, which was reported by Macii and others.

Ekambavanan, Sasidharan

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Waste minimization assessment for a manufacturer of iron castings and fabricated sheet metal parts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has funded a pilot project to assist small and medium-size manufacturers who want to minimize their generation of waste but who lack the expertise to do so. Waste Minimization Assessment Centers (WMACs) were established at selected universities and procedures were adapted from the EPA Waste Minimization Opportunity Assessment Manual. That document has been superseded by the Facility Pollution Prevention Guide. The WMAC team at the University of Louisville performed an assessment at a plant that manufactures iron castings and fabricated sheet metal parts. Foundry operations include mixing and mold formation, core making, metal pouring, shakeout, finishing, and painting. Cutting, shaping, and welding are the principal metal fabrication operations. The team`s report, detailing findings and recommendations indicated that paint-related wastes are generated in large quantities, and that significant waste reduction and cost savings could be realized by installing a dry powder coating system or by replacing conventional air spray paint guns with high-volume low-pressure spray guns. This research brief was developed by the principal investigators and EPA`s National Risk Management Research Laboratory, Cincinnati, OH, to announce key findings of an ongoing research project that is fully documented in a separate report of the same title available from University City Science Center.

Fleischman, M.; Harris, J.J.; Handmaker, A.; Looby, G.P.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Abstract--Design aspects of a minimally invasive high-throughput automation system for radiation biodosimetry are  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for radiation exposure. Only those showing both internal and external contamination were examined usingAbstract--Design aspects of a minimally invasive high- throughput automation system for radiation was supported by grant number U19 AI067773, the Center for High-Throughput Minimally Invasive Radiation

352

Decision Support System (DSS) for Machine Selection: A Cost Minimization Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Within any manufacturing environment, the selection of the production or assembly machines is part of the day to day responsibilities of management. This is especially true when there are multiple types of machines that can be used to perform each assembly or manufacturing process. As a result, it is critical to find the optimal way to select machines when there are multiple related assembly machines available. The objective of this research is to develop and present a model that can provide guidance to management when making machine selection decisions of parallel, non-identical, related electronics assembly machines. A model driven Decision Support System (DSS) is used to solve the problem with the emphasis in optimizing available resources, minimizing production disruption, thus minimizing cost. The variables that affect electronics product costs are considered in detail. The first part of the Decision Support System was developed using Microsoft Excel as an interactive tool. The second part was developed through mathematical modeling with AMPL9 mathematical programming language and the solver CPLEX90 as the optimization tools. The mathematical model minimizes total cost of all products using a similar logic as the shortest processing time (SPT) scheduling rule. This model balances machine workload up to an allowed imbalance factor. The model also considers the impact on the product cost when expediting production. Different scenarios were studied during the sensitivity analysis, including varying the amount of assembled products, the quantity of machines at each assembly process, the imbalance factor, and the coefficient of variation (CV) of the assembly processes. The results show that the higher the CV, the total cost of all products assembled increased due to the complexity of balancing machine workload for a large number of products. Also, when the number of machines increased, given a constant number of products, the total cost of all products assembled increased because it is more difficult to keep the machines balanced. Similar results were obtained when a tighter imbalance factor was used.

Mendez Pinero, Mayra I.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Constraints on B and Higgs physics in minimal low energy supersymmetric models  

SciTech Connect

We study the implications of minimal flavor violating low energy supersymmetry scenarios for the search of new physics in the B and Higgs sectors at the Tevatron collider and the LHC. We show that the already stringent Tevatron bound on the decay rate B{sub s} {yields} {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -} sets strong constraints on the possibility of generating large corrections to the mass difference {Delta} M{sub s} of the B{sub s} eigenstates. We also show that the B{sub s} {yields} {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -} bound together with the constraint on the branching ratio of the rare decay b {yields} s{gamma} has strong implications for the search of light, non-standard Higgs bosons at hadron colliders. In doing this, we demonstrate that the former expressions derived for the analysis of the double penguin contributions in the Kaon sector need to be corrected by additional terms for a realistic analysis of these effects. We also study a specific non-minimal flavor violating scenario, where there are flavor changing gluino-squark-quark interactions, governed by the CKM matrix elements, and show that the B and Higgs physics constraints are similar to the ones in the minimal flavor violating case. Finally we show that, in scenarios like electroweak baryogenesis which have light stops and charginos, there may be enhanced effects on the B and K mixing parameters, without any significant effect on the rate of B{sub s} {yields} {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}.

Carena, Marcela; /Fermilab; Menon, A.; /Argonne /Chicago U., EFI; Noriega-Papaqui, R.; /Fermilab /Puebla U., Inst. Fis.; Szynkman, A.; /Fermilab /Montreal U. /La Plata U.; Wagner, C.E.M.; /Argonne /Chicago U., EFI

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Global regularity of wave maps VI. Abstract theory of minimal-energy blowup solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the previous papers in this series, the global regularity conjecture for wave maps from two-dimensional Minkowski space $\\R^{1+2}$ to hyperbolic space $\\H^m$ was reduced to the problem of constructing a minimal-energy blowup solution which is almost periodic modulo symmetries in the event that the conjecture fails. In this paper, we show that this problem can be reduced further, to that of showing that solutions at the critical energy which are either frequency-delocalised, spatially-dispersed, or spatially-delocalised have bounded ``entropy''. These latter facts will be demonstrated in the final paper in this series.

Tao, Terence

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

A model for a non-minimally coupled scalar field interacting with dark matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work we investigate the evolution of a Universe consisted of a scalar field, a dark matter field and non-interacting baryonic matter and radiation. The scalar field, which plays the role of dark energy, is non-minimally coupled to space-time curvature, and drives the Universe to a present accelerated expansion. The non-relativistic dark matter field interacts directly with the dark energy and has a pressure which follows from a thermodynamic theory. We show that this model can reproduce the expected behavior of the density parameters, deceleration parameter and luminosity distance.

J. B. Binder; G. M. Kremer

2006-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

356

COMPARISON OF OFF-LINE IR BUMP AND ACTION-ANGLE KICK MINIMIZATION.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The interaction region bump (IR bump) nonlinear correction method has been used for the sextupole and octupole field error on-line corrections in the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) . Some differences were found for the sextupole and octupole corrector strengths between the on-line IR bump correction and the predictions from the action-angle kick minimization. In this article, we compare the corrector strengths from these two methods based on the RHIC Blue ring lattice with the IR nonlinear modeling. The comparison confirms the differences between resulting corrector strengths. And the reason for the differences is found and discussed.

LUO, Y.; PILAT, F.; PTITSYN, V.; TRBOJEVIC, D.; WEI, J.

2005-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

357

Reducing Energy Costs And Minimizing Capital Requirements: Case Studies of Thermal Energy Storage (TES)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Large cooling systems typically represent substantial capital investments and incur high operating energy costs. Cooling loads tend to peak during times of year and times of day when high ambient temperatures create a maximum demand for power, and thus during those times when power has its highest cost or value. Thermal Energy Storage (TES) provides a means of de-coupling the generation of cooling from the provision of cooling to the peak cooling loads. In this manner, peak power demand is reduced, time-of day energy costs can be minimized, and real-time variations in power value can be used to the advantage of the energy consumer.

Andrepont, J. S.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Energy Conditions in $f(G)$ Modified Gravity with Non-minimal Coupling to Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we study a model of modified gravity with non-minimal coupling between a general function of the Gauss-Bonnet invariant, $f(G)$, and matter Lagrangian from the point of view of the energy conditions. Such model has been introduced in Ref. [21] for description of early inflation and late-time cosmic acceleration. We present the suitable energy conditions for the above mentioned model and then, we use the estimated values of the Hubble, deceleration and jerk parameters to apply the obtained energy conditions to the specific class of modified Gauss-Bonnet models.

A. Banijamali; B. Fazlpour; M. R. Setare

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

359

Listing minimal edge-covers of intersecting families with applications to connectivity problems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Let G=(V,E) be a directed/undirected graph, let s,t@?V, and let F be an intersecting family on V (that is, X@?Y,X@?Y@?F for any intersecting X,Y@?F) so that s@?X and t@?X for every X@?F. An edge set I@?E is an edge-cover of F if for every X@?F there ... Keywords: Intersecting families, Listing, Minimal edge-covers, Steiner network

Zeev Nutov

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Minimally extended elctroweak gauge theories in SO(10) and E/sub 6/  

SciTech Connect

The possibility of minimally extending the standard SU(2)/sub L/xU(1) electroweak theory within the context of SO(10) and E/sub 6/ grand unification by adding U(1) factors is explored. The neutrino neutral-current interactions in these schemes are arranged to coincide with the standard-model predictions. Limits on the masses of the extra Z's generated by these U(1) factors are obtained by considering other parity-violating effects. Additional Z's as light as 2.5 to 3.0 times the standard model Z/sup 0/ mass are allowed.

Robinett, R.W.; Rosner, J.L.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n2 purged minimal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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361

TCP over low-power and lossy networks: tuning the segment size to minimize energy consumption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Low-power and Lossy Networks (LLNs), like wireless networks based upon the IEEE 802.15.4 standard, have strong energy constraints, and are moreover subject to frequent transmission errors, not only due to congestion but also to collisions and to radio channel conditions. This paper introduces an analytical model to compute the total energy consumption in an LLN due to the TCP protocol. The model allows us to highlight some tradeoffs as regards the choice of the TCP maximum segment size, of the Forward Error Correction (FEC) redundancy ratio, and of the number of link-layer retransmissions, in order to minimize the total energy consumption.

Ayadi, Ahmed; Ros, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Gunite and associated tanks remediation project recycling and waste minimization effort  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy`s Environmental Management Program at Oak Ridge National Laboratory has initiated clean up of legacy waste resulting from the Manhattan Project. The gunite and associated tanks project has taken an active pollution prevention role by successfully recycling eight tons of scrap metal, reusing contaminated soil in the Area of Contamination, using existing water (supernate) to aid in sludge transfer, and by minimizing and reusing personal protective equipment (PPE) and on-site equipment as much as possible. Total cost savings for Fiscal Year 1997 activities from these efforts are estimated at $4.2 million dollars.

Van Hoesen, S.D.; Saunders, A.D.

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Phenomenology of the minimal B-L extension of the standard model: The Higgs sector  

SciTech Connect

We investigate the phenomenology of the Higgs sector of the minimal B-L extension of the standard model. We present results for both the foreseen energy stages of the Large Hadron Collider ({radical}(s)=7 and 14 TeV). We show that in such a scenario several novel production and decay channels involving the two physical Higgs states could be accessed at such a machine. Amongst these, several Higgs signatures have very distinctive features with respect to those of other models with an enlarged Higgs sector, as they involve interactions of Higgs bosons between themselves, with Z{sup '} bosons as well as with heavy neutrinos.

Basso, Lorenzo; Moretti, Stefano; Pruna, Giovanni Marco [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom); Particle Physics Department, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon OX11 0QX (United Kingdom)

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Waste minimization and the goal of an environmentally benign plutonium processing facility: A strategic plan  

SciTech Connect

To maintain capabilities in nuclear weapons technologies, the Department of Energy (DOE) has to maintain a plutonium processing facility that meets all the current and emerging standards of environmental regulations. A strategic goal to transform the Plutonium Processing Facility at Los Alamos into an environmentally benign operation is identified. A variety of technologies and systems necessary to meet this goal are identified. Two initiatives now in early stages of implementation are described in some detail. A highly motivated and trained work force and a systems approach to waste minimization and pollution prevention are necessary to maintain technical capabilities, to comply with regulations, and to meet the strategic goal.

Pillay, K.K.S.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Horizontal, Anomalous U(1) Symmetry for the More Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct explicit examples with a horizontal, ``anomalous'' $U(1)$ gauge group, which, in a supersymmetric extension of the standard model, reproduce qualitative features of the fermion spectrum and CKM matrix, and suppress FCNC and proton decay rates without the imposition of global symmetries. We review the motivation for such ``more'' minimal supersymmetric standard models and their predictions for the sparticle spectrum. There is a mass hierarchy in the scalar sector which is the inverse of the fermion mass hierarchy. We show in detail why DeltaS = 2 FCNC are suppressed when compared with naive estimates for nondegenerate squarks.

Ann E. Nelson; David Wright

1997-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

366

Studying the effects of minimal length in large extra dimensional models in the jet + missing energy channels at hadron colliders  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Theories of quantum gravity suggest the existence of a minimal length scale. We study the consequences of a particular implementation of the idea of a minimal length scale in the model of large extra dimensions, the ADD model. To do this we have looked at real graviton production in association with a jet at hadron colliders. In the minimal length scenario, the bounds on the effective string scale are significantly less stringent than those derived in the conventional ADD model, both at the upgraded Tevatron and at the Large Hadron Collider.

Gautam Bhattacharyya; Kumar Rao; K. Sridhar

2005-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

367

A minimal model of plasma membrane heterogeneity requires coupling cortical actin to criticality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a minimal model of plasma membrane heterogeneity that combines criticality with connectivity to cortical cytoskeleton. Our model is motivated by recent observations of micron-sized critical fluctuations in plasma membrane vesicles that are detached from their cortical cytoskeleton. We incorporate criticality using a conserved order parameter Ising model coupled to a simple actin cytoskeleton interacting through point-like pinning sites. Using this minimal model, we recapitulate several experimental observations of plasma membrane raft heterogeneity. Small (r~20nm) and dynamic fluctuations at physiological temperatures arise from criticality. Including connectivity to cortical cytoskeleton disrupts large fluctuations, prevents macroscopic phase separation at low temperatures (T<=22{\\deg}C), and provides a template for long lived fluctuations at physiological temperature (T=37{\\deg}C). Cytoskeleton-stabilized fluctuations produce significant barriers to the diffusion of some membrane components in a manner that is weakly dependent on the number of pinning sites and strongly dependent on criticality. More generally, we demonstrate that critical fluctuations provide a physical mechanism to organize and spatially segregate membrane components by providing channels for interaction over large distances.

Benjamin B. Machta; Stefanos Papanikolaou; James P. Sethna; Sarah L. Veatch

2010-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

368

An operational waste minimization chargeback system at Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico, (SNL/NM) has made a commitment to achieve significant reductions in the amount of hazardous wastes generated throughout its operations. The success of the SNL/NM Waste Minimization/Pollution Prevention Program depends primarily on: (1) adequate program funding, and (2) comprehensive collection and dissemination of information pertaining to SNL/NM`s waste. This paper describes the chargeback system that SNL/NM has chosen for funding the implementation of the Waste Minimization/Pollution Prevention program, as well as the waste reporting system that follows naturally from the chargeback system. Both the chargeback and reporting systems have been fully implemented. The details of implementation are discussed, including: the physical means by which waste is managed and data collected; the database systems which have been linked; the flow of data through both human hands and electronic systems; the quality assurance of that data; and the waste report format now in use. Also discussed are intended improvements in the system that are currently planned for the coming years.

Horak, K. [Creative Computer Services, Albuquerque, NM (United States); Peek, D.W. [Ogden Environmental and Energy Services, Albuquerque, NM (United States); Stermer, D.; Dailleboust, L.; Reilly, H. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Droplet minimizers for the Gates-Lebowitz-Penrose free energy functional  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the structure of the constrained minimizers of the Gates-Lebowitz-Penrose free-energy functional ${\\mathcal F}_{\\rm GLP}(m)$, non-local functional of a density field $m(x)$, $x\\in {\\mathcal T}_L$, a $d$-dimensional torus of side length $L$. At low temperatures, ${\\mathcal F}_{\\rm GLP}$ is not convex, and has two distinct global minimizers, corresponding to two equilibrium states. Here we constrain the average density $L^{-d}\\int_{{\\cal T}_L}m(x)\\dd x$ to be a fixed value $n$ between the densities in the two equilibrium states, but close to the low density equilibrium value. In this case, a "droplet" of the high density phase may or may not form in a background of the low density phase, depending on the values $n$ and $L$. We determine the critical density for droplet formation, and the nature of the droplet, as a function of $n$ and $L$. The relation between the free energy and the large deviations functional for a particle model with long-range Kac potentials, proven in some cases, and expected to be true in general, then provides information on the structure of typical microscopic configurations of the Gibbs measure when the range of the Kac potential is large enough.

E. A. Carlen; M. C. Carvalho; R. Esposito; J. L. Lebowitz; R. Marra

2009-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

370

A Majorization-Minimization Approach to Design of Power Transmission Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose an optimization approach to design cost-effective electrical power transmission networks. That is, we aim to select both the network structure and the line conductances (line sizes) so as to optimize the trade-off between network efficiency (low power dissipation within the transmission network) and the cost to build the network. We begin with a convex optimization method based on the paper "Minimizing Effective Resistance of a Graph" [Ghosh, Boyd & Saberi]. We show that this (DC) resistive network method can be adapted to the context of AC power flow. However, that does not address the combinatorial aspect of selecting network structure. We approach this problem as selecting a subgraph within an over-complete network, posed as minimizing the (convex) network power dissipation plus a non-convex cost on line conductances that encourages sparse networks where many line conductances are set to zero. We develop a heuristic approach to solve this non-convex optimization problem using: (1) a continua...

Johnson, Jason K

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Digital multimode buck converter control with loss-minimizing synchronous rectifier adaptation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract—This paper develops a multimode control strategy which allows for efficient operation of the buck converter over a wide load range. A method for control of synchronous rectifiers as a direct function of the load current is introduced [1]. The function relating the synchronous-rectifier timing to the load current is optimized on-line with a gradient power-loss-minimizing algorithm. Only low-bandwidth measurements of the load current and a power-loss-related quantity are required, making the technique suitable for digital controller implementations. Compared to alternative loss-minimizing approaches, this method has superior adjustment speed and robustness to disturbances, and can simultaneously optimize multiple parameters. The proposed synchronous-rectifier control also accomplishes an automatic, optimal transition to discontinuous-conduction mode at light load. Further, by imposing a minimum duty-ratio, the converter automatically enters pulse-skipping mode at very light load. Thus, the same controller structure can be used in both fixed-frequency pulsewidth modulation and variable-frequency pulse-skipping modes. These techniques are demonstrated on a digitally-controlled 100-W buck converter. Index Terms—Adaptive control, dead-time, digital control, gradient methods, multimode control, optimization methods, pulse skipping, pulsewidth modulated (PWM) power converters, pulsewidth modulation (PWM), synchronous rectifier (SR), variable frequency control. Fig. 1. Buck converter with SR (M), and the corresponding MOSFET control signals.

Angel V. Peterchev; Seth R. S

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Minimizing Energy Consumption in a Water Distribution System: A Systems Modeling Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a water distribution system from groundwater supply, the bulk of energy consumption is expended at pump stations. These pumps pressurize the water and transport it from the aquifer to the distribution system and to elevated storage tanks. Each pump in the system has a range of possible operating conditions with varying flow rates, hydraulic head imparted, and hydraulic efficiencies. In this research, the water distribution system of a mid-sized city in a subtropical climate is modeled and optimized in order to minimize the energy usage of its fourteen pumps. A simplified model of the pipes, pumps, and storage tanks is designed using freely-available EPANET hydraulic modeling software. Physical and operational parameters of this model are calibrated against five weeks of observed data using a genetic algorithm to predict storage tank volume given a forecasted system demand. Uncertainty analysis on the calibrated parameters is performed to assess model sensitivity. Finally, the pumping schedule for the system's fourteen pumps is optimized using a genetic algorithm in order to minimize total energy use across a 24-hour period.

Johnston, John

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Generating Minimally Coupled Einstein-Scalar Field Solutions from Vacuum Solutions with Arbitrary Cosmological Constant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper generalizes two previously known techniques for generating minimally coupled Einstein-scalar field solutions in 4 dimensions; the Buchdahl and Fonarev transformations. By applying this solution generation technique, minimally coupled Einstein-scalar field solutions can be generated from vacuum solutions with arbitrary cosmological constant in arbitrary dimension. The only requirement to a seed solution is that it posesses a hypersurface-orthogonal Killing vector field. The generalization that allows us to use seed solutions with arbitrary cosmological constant uncovers a new class of Einstein-scalar field solutions that has previously not been studied. We apply the new solution transformation to the (A)dS4 vacuum solution. Transforming the resulting Einstein-scalar field solution to the conformal frame, a two-parameter family of spatially finite, expanding and accelerating cosmological solutions are found that are conformally isometric to the Einstein static universe RxS^3. We study null geodesics and find that for any observer, the solution has a cosmological horizon at an angular distance of pi/2 away from the observer. We find that a subset of these solutions can be naturally interpreted as expanding cosmologies in which a scalar black hole is formed at late times. The conformally coupled scalar field satisfies the weak energy condition as long as the energy density is positive, while the strong energy condition is generally violated.

Kjell Tangen

2007-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

374

Solid-state semiconductors are better alternatives to arc-lamps for efficient and uniform illumination in minimal access surgery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of technical and ergonomic limitations. White light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are energy-efficient solid- state Illumination Á Light-emitting diode Á Minimal access surgery Á Solid-state semiconductor In the 1950s

Rosso, Lula

375

Annual Waste Minimization Summary Report, Calendar Year 2010, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Identification No. NV3890090001  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the waste minimization efforts undertaken by National Security TechnoIogies, LLC, for the U. S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO), during calendar year 2010. The NNSA/NSO Pollution Prevention Program establishes a process to reduce the volume and toxicity of waste generated by NNSA/NSO activities and ensures that proposed methods of treatment, storage, and/or disposal of waste minimize potential threats to human health and the environment.

Haworth, D.M.

2011-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

376

Spontaneous fission lifetimes from the minimization of self-consistent collective action  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The spontaneous fission lifetime of 264Fm has been studied within nuclear density functional theory by minimizing the collective action integral for fission in a two-dimensional quadrupole collective space representing elongation and triaxiality. The collective potential and inertia tensor are obtained self-consistently using the Skyrme energy density functional and density-dependent pairing interaction. The resulting spontaneous fission lifetimes are compared with the static result obtained with the minimum-energy pathway. We show that fission pathways strongly depend on assumptions underlying collective inertia. With the non-perturbative mass parameters, the dynamic fission pathway becomes strongly triaxial and it approaches the static fission valley. On the other hand, when the standard perturbative cranking inertia tensor is used, axial symmetry is restored along the path to fission; an effect that is an artifact of the approximation used.

Jhilam Sadhukhan; K. Mazurek; A. Baran; J. Dobaczewski; W. Nazarewicz; J. A. Sheikh

2013-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

377

Minimal Curvature Trajectories: Riemannian Geometry Concepts for Model Reduction in Chemical Kinetics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In dissipative ordinary differential equation systems different time scales cause anisotropic phase volume contraction along solution trajectories. Model reduction methods exploit this for simplifying chemical kinetics via a time scale separation into fast and slow modes. The aim is to approximate the system dynamics with a dimension-reduced model after eliminating the fast modes by enslaving them to the slow ones via computation of a slow attracting manifold. We present a novel method for computing approximations of such manifolds using trajectory-based optimization. We discuss Riemannian geometry concepts as a basis for suitable optimization criteria characterizing trajectories near slow attracting manifolds and thus provide insight into fundamental geometric properties of multiple time scale chemical kinetics. The optimization criteria correspond to a suitable mathematical formulation of "minimal relaxation" of chemical forces along reaction trajectories under given constraints. We present various geometri...

Lebiedz, Dirk; Siehr, Jochen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

NETL: News Release - DOE Selects Projects to Minimize Freshwater Use in  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

November 21, 2005 November 21, 2005 DOE Selects Projects to Minimize Freshwater Use in Coal-Fired Power Plants WASHINGTON, DC- As part of an expanding effort to address the critical link between energy and water, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has selected seven projects aimed at reducing the amount of freshwater needed by coal-fired power plants. Under DOE's Innovations for Existing Plants program, which is designed to enhance the environmental performance of existing coal-fired power plants, the Energy Department and its research partners will cost-share in a broad mix of projects with a total value of more than $5 million. The projects will be managed by the Office of Fossil Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory. MORE INFO Learn more about the 2003 project selections

379

ATR LEU Monothlic and Dispersed with 10B Loading Minimization Design – Neutronics Performance Analysis  

SciTech Connect

The Advanced Test Reactor (ATR), currently operating in the United States, is used for material testing at very high neutron fluxes. Powered with highly enriched uranium (HEU), the ATR has a maximum thermal power rating of 250 MWth. Because of the large test volumes located in high flux areas, the ATR is an ideal candidate for assessing the feasibility of converting HEU driven reactor cores to low-enriched uranium (LEU) cores. The present work investigates the optimized LEU Monolithic and Dispersed fuel with 10B loading minimization design and evaluates the subsequent neutronics operating effects of these optimized fuel designs. The MCNP ATR 1/8th core model was used to optimize the 235U and minimize the 10B loading in the LEU core, such that the differences in K-eff and heat flux profiles between the HEU and LEU cores were minimized. The fuel depletion methodology MCWO was used to calculate K eff versus effective full power days (EFPD) in this paper. The MCWO-calculated results for the optimized LEU Monolithic and Dispersed fuel cases demonstrated adequate excess reactivity such that the K-eff versus EFPD plot is similar to the ATR reference HEU case study. Each HEU fuel element contains 19 fuel plates with a fuel meat thickness of 0.508 mm (20 mil). In this work, the proposed LEU Monolithic (U-10Mo) core conversion case with nominal fuel meat thickness of 0.330 mm (13 mil) and 235U enrichment of 19.7 wt% is used to optimize the radial heat flux profile by varying the fuel meat thickness. The proposed LEU fuel meat varies from 0.203 mm (8.0 mil) to 0.254 mm (10.0 mil) at the inner four fuel plates (1-4) and outer four fuel plates (16-19). In addition, an optimized LEU dispersed (U7Mo) case with all the fuel meat thickness of 0.635 mm (25 mil) was also proposed. Then, for both Monolithic and dispersed cases, a burnable absorber – 10B, was added in the inner and outer plates to reduce the initial excess reactivity, and the higher to average ratio of the inner/outer heat flux more effectively. The final minimized 10B loading for LEU case studies will have 0.635 g in the LEU fuel meat at the inner 2 fuel plates (1-2) and outer 2 fuel plates (18-19), which can achieve peak to average ratios similar to those for the ATR reference HEU case study. The investigation of this paper shows the optimized LEU Monolithic (U-10Mo) and Dispersed (U7Mo) cases can all meet the LEU conversion objectives.

G. S. Chang

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Asymptotics for Discrete Weighted Minimal Riesz Energy Problems on Rectifiable Sets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Given a compact $d$-rectifiable set $A$ embedded in Euclidean space and a distribution $\\rho(x)$ with respect to $d$-dimensional Hausdorff measure on $A$, we address the following question: how can one generate optimal configurations of $N$ points on $A$ that are "well-separated" and have asymptotic distribution $\\rho (x)$ as $N\\to \\infty$? For this purpose we investigate minimal weighted Riesz energy points, that is, points interacting via the weighted power law potential $V=w(x,y)|x-y|^{-s}$, where $s>0$ is a fixed parameter and $w$ is suitably chosen. In the unweighted case ($w\\equiv 1$) such points for $N$ fixed tend to the solution of the best-packing problem on $A$ as the parameter $s\\to \\infty$.

S. V. Borodachov; D. P. Hardin; E. B. Saff

2006-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

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381

Waste minimization value engineering workshop for the Los Alamos National Laboratory Omega West Reactor Decommissioning Project  

SciTech Connect

The Los Alamos National Laboratory Pollution Prevention Program Office sponsored a Value Engineering (VE) Workshop to evaluate recycling options and other pollution prevention and waste minimization (PP/WMin) practices to incorporate into the decommissioning of the Omega West Reactor (OWR) at the laboratory. The VE process is an organized, systematic approach for evaluating a process or design to identify cost saving opportunities, or in this application, waste reduction opportunities. This VE Workshop was a facilitated process that included a team of specialists in the areas of decontamination, decommissioning, PP/WMin, cost estimating, construction, waste management, recycling, Department of Energy representatives, and others. The uniqueness of this VE Workshop was that it used an interdisciplinary approach to focus on PP/WMin practices that could be included in the OWR Decommissioning Project Plans and specifications to provide waste reduction. This report discusses the VE workshop objectives, summarizes the OWR decommissioning project, and describes the VE workshop activities, results, and lessons learned.

Hartnett, S.; Seguin, N. [Benchmark Environmental Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Burns, M. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

382

WESF hot cells waste minimization criteria hot cells window seals evaluation  

SciTech Connect

WESF will decouple from B Plant in the near future. WESF is attempting to minimize the contaminated solid waste in their hot cells and utilize B Plant to receive the waste before decoupling. WESF wishes to determine the minimum amount of contaminated waste that must be removed in order to allow minimum maintenance of the hot cells when they are placed in ''laid-up'' configuration. The remaining waste should not cause unacceptable window seal deterioration for the remaining life of the hot cells. This report investigates and analyzes the seal conditions and hot cell history and concludes that WESF should remove existing point sources, replace cerium window seals in F-Cell and refurbish all leaded windows (except for A-Cell). Work should be accomplished as soon as possible and at least within the next three years.

Walterskirchen, K.M.

1997-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

383

Scheduled oil sampling: A proactive approach towards pollution prevention and waste minimization  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Waste Reduction Operations Complex (WROC) at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) maintains an emergency fire protection system which provides fire water during emergency conditions. The diesel engine driving this system receives regular preventative maintenance (PM) and servicing. The Waste Minimization Plan for WROC requires that all systems and processes be given a regular assessment to verify any Pollution Prevention (P2) or Waste Minimization (Waste Min.) activities. The WROC Maintenance group has implemented a proactive or best management practice (BMP) that reflects this P2/Waste Min. awareness. The diesel engine is operated for 30 minutes each week to maintain its readiness. A typical owner`s manual for industrial engines require that the oil be changed every 100-hours of operation or 6-months; only 13-hours of operation occur during the 6-months before the required oil change. Thirteen hours of operation would not warrant changing the oil. The WROC proactive approach to this problem is to perform an annual Scheduled Oil Sampling (SOS). An 8-ounce sample of oil is obtained and sent to a SOS lab. The SOS lab analyzes the condition (breakdown) of the oil and, provides a detailed analysis of metal particulates (from engine wear), and checks for impurities, such as, sulphur, water, coolant, and fuel in the system. The oil is changed only when the sampling results warrant that an oil change is necessary. The actual costs of the oil, filters, and labor far exceed the costs of performing the SOS. The projected cost savings after 8 years is about $12,000 in labor, oil changing costs, and hazardous waste analysis.

Reece, C.; Zirker, L.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Minimally Invasive Catheter Procedures to Assist Complicated Pacemaker Lead Extraction and Implantation in the Operating Room  

SciTech Connect

We report on percutaneous catheter procedures in the operating room (OR) to assist complicated manual extraction or insertion of pacemaker (PM) and implantable cardioverter defibrillator leads. We retrospectively reviewed complicated PM revisions and implantations performed between 2004 and 2009 that required percutaneous catheter procedures performed in the OR. The type of interventional procedure, catheter and retrieval system used, venous access, success rates, and procedural complications were analyzed. In 41 (12 female and 29 male [mean age 62 {+-} 17 years]) of 3021 (1.4%) patients, standard manual retrieval of old leads or insertion of new leads was not achievable and thus required percutaneous catheter intervention for retrieval of misplaced leads and/or recanalisation of occluded central veins. Thirteen of 18 (72.2%) catheter-guided retrieval procedures for misplaced (right atrium [RA] or ventricle [RV; n = 3], superior vena cava [n = 2], brachiocephalic vein [n = 5], and subclavian vein [n = 3]) lead fragments in 16 patients were successful. Percutaneous catheter retrieval failed in five patients because there were extremely fixed or adhered lead fragments. Percutaneous transluminal angiography (PTA) of central veins for occlusion or high-grade stenosis was performed in 25 patients. In 22 of 25 patients (88%), recanalization of central veins was successful, thus enabling subsequent lead replacement. Major periprocedural complications were not observed. In the case of complicated manual PM lead implantation or revision, percutaneous catheter-guided extraction of misplaced lead fragments or recanalisation of central veins can be performed safely in the OR, thus enabling subsequent implantation or revision of PM systems in the majority of patients.

Kroepil, Patric; Lanzman, Rotem S., E-mail: rotemshlomo@yahoo.de; Miese, Falk R.; Blondin, Dirk [University Hospital Duesseldorf, Department of Radiology (Germany); Winter, Joachim [University Hospital Duesseldorf, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery (Germany); Scherer, Axel; Fuerst, Guenter [University Hospital Duesseldorf, Department of Radiology (Germany)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

385

System for minimizing valve throttling losses in a steam turbine power plant  

SciTech Connect

A system which integrates the controls of a steam turbine power plant for minimizing power plant energy losses substantially caused by steam flow valve throttling is disclosed. The steam turbine power plant includes boiler pressure controls for controlling the boiler throttle pressure of a steam producing boiler and turbine-generator controls for positioning a plurality of turbine steam admission values to regulate the steam flow conducted through a steam turbine which governs the electrical energy generated by an electrical generator at a desired power generation level. The turbine-generator controls predetermine a plurality of valve position states to establish a predetermined valve grouping sequential positioning pattern for the steam admission valves to regulate steam flow through the steam turbine across the range of power generation, each predetermined state substantially corresponding to a minimum of valve throttling losses. The steam admission valves may be positioned at a present valve position state, which is other than one of the predetermined states, as a result of a change in desired power generation level. The disclosed system responds to this condition by governing the boiler pressure controls to adjust the boiler throttle pressure at a desired rate and in a direction to cause steam admission valves to be repositioned according to the sequential positioning pattern to a selected one of the predetermined efficient valve position states. The repositioning of the steam admission valves is performed by maintaining the generated energy substantially at the new desired power generation level.

Stern, L.P.; Johnson, S.J.

1979-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

386

Pareto optimal structures producing resonances of minimal decay under $L^1$-type constraints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimization of resonances associated with 1-D wave equations in inhomogeneous media is studied under the constraint $\\| B \\|_1 rate $| Im \\omega |$. Such resonances are said to be of minimal decay and form a Pareto frontier. We show that corresponding optimal measures consist of finite number of point masses, and that this result yields non-existence of optimizers for the problem over the set of absolutely continuous measures $B(x) dx$. Then we derive restrictions on optimal point masses and their positions. These restrictions are strong enough to calculate optimal $d M$ if the optimal resonance $ \\omega $, the first point mass $m_1$, and one more geometric parameter are known. This reduces the original infinitely-dimensional problem to optimization over four real parameters. For small frequencies, we explicitly find the Pareto set and the corresponding optimal measures $d M$. The technique of the paper is based on the two-parameter perturbation method and the notion of local boundary point. The latter is introduced as a generalization of local extrema to vector optimization problems.

Illya M. Karabash

2013-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

387

Light and Superlight Sterile Neutrinos in the Minimal Radiative Inverse Seesaw Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explore the possibility of light and superlight sterile neutrinos in the recently proposed Minimal Radiative Inverse Seesaw extension of the Standard Model for neutrino masses, in which all existing neutrino data can be explained. In particular, we discuss two benchmark scenarios with one of the three sterile neutrino states in the keV-range, having very small mixing with the active neutrinos to account for the Dark Matter in the Universe, while (i) the other two light sterile neutrino states could be in the eV-range, possessing a nonzero mixing with the active states as required to explain the LSND+MiniBooNE+reactor neutrino data, or (ii) one of the light sterile states is in the eV-range, whereas the second one could be superlight and almost mass-degenerate with the solar neutrinos. Such superlight sterile neutrinos could give rise to potentially observable effects in future neutrino oscillation experiments and may also offer a possible explanation for the extra radiation observed in the Universe.

P. S. Bhupal Dev; Apostolos Pilaftsis

2012-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

388

Analyzing and minimizing the impact of opportunity cost in QoS-aware job scheduling.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Quality of service (QoS) mechanisms allowing users to request for turn-around time guarantees for their jobs have recently generated much interest. In our previous work we had designed a framework, QoPS, to allow for such QoS. This framework provides an admission control mechanism that only accepts jobs whose requested deadlines can be met and, once accepted, guarantees these deadlines. However, the framework is completely blind to the revenue these jobs can fetch for the supercomputer center. By accepting a job, the supercomputer center might relinquish its capability to accept some future arriving (and potentially more expensive) jobs. In other words, while each job pays an explicit price to the system for running it, the system may also be viewed as paying an implicit opportunity cost by accepting the job. Thus, accepting a job is profitable only when the job's price is higher than its opportunity cost. In this paper we analyze the impact such opportunity cost can have on the overall revenue of the supercomputer center and attempt to minimize it through predictive techniques. Specifically, we propose two extensions to QoPS, Value-aware QoPS (VQoPS) and Dynamic Value-aware QoPS (DVQoPS), to provide such capabilities. We present detailed analysis of these schemes and demonstrate using simulation that they not only achieve several factors improvement in system revenue, but also good service differentiation as a much desired side-effect.

Islam, M.; Balaji, P.; Sabin, G.; Sadayappan, P. (Mathematics and Computer Science); (Ohio State Univ.)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Minimal Curvature Trajectories: Riemannian Geometry Concepts for Model Reduction in Chemical Kinetics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In dissipative ordinary differential equation systems different time scales cause anisotropic phase volume contraction along solution trajectories. Model reduction methods exploit this for simplifying chemical kinetics via a time scale separation into fast and slow modes. The aim is to approximate the system dynamics with a dimension-reduced model after eliminating the fast modes by enslaving them to the slow ones via computation of a slow attracting manifold. We present a novel method for computing approximations of such manifolds using trajectory-based optimization. We discuss Riemannian geometry concepts as a basis for suitable optimization criteria characterizing trajectories near slow attracting manifolds and thus provide insight into fundamental geometric properties of multiple time scale chemical kinetics. The optimization criteria correspond to a suitable mathematical formulation of "minimal relaxation" of chemical forces along reaction trajectories under given constraints. We present various geometrically motivated criteria and the results of their application to three test case reaction mechanisms serving as examples. We demonstrate that accurate numerical approximations of slow invariant manifolds can be obtained.

Dirk Lebiedz; Volkmar Reinhardt; Jochen Siehr

2009-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

390

$Q_{6}$ As The Flavour Symmetry in a Non-minimal SUSY $SU(5)$ Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a non-minimal renormalizable SUSY $SU(5) \\times U(1)$ model, with extended Higgs sector and right-handed neutrinos, where the flavour sector exhibits a $Q_{6}$ flavour symmetry. We analysed the simplest version of this model, in which R-parity is conserved and the right-handed neutrinos in the doublet are mass degenerate. We find the generic form of the mass matrices both in the quark and lepton sectors. We reproduce, according to current data, the mixing in the $CKM$ matrix. At the same time, in the leptonic side, the model predicts a strong inverted hierarchy spectrum and a sum rule among the neutrino masses. As main results, the atmospheric $\\theta^{\\ell^{th}}_{23}=46.18^{+0.66}_{-0.65}$ and solar $\\theta^{\\ell^{th}}_{12} = 36.62 \\pm 4.06$ mixing angle are calculated consistent with the experimental data. Also, the following value for the reactor mixing angle $\\theta^{\\ell^{th}}_{13}=3.38^{+0.03}_{-0.02}$ is found. Although this value is small compared to the central value from the global fits, ...

Gómez-Izquierdo, J C; Mondragon, M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Minimizing Waste from the Oil Industry: Scale Treatment and Scrap Recycling  

SciTech Connect

Naturally occurring radioactive material is technologically concentrated in the piping in systems in the oil and gas industry, especially in the offshore facilities. The activity, mainly Ra-226, in the scales in the systems are often at levels classified as low level radioactive waste (LSA) in the industry. When the components and pipes are descaled for maintenance or recycling purposes, usually by high-pressure water jetting, the LSA scales arising constitute a significant quantity of radioactive waste for disposal. A new process is under development for the treatment of scales, where the radioactive solids are separated from the inactive. This would result in a much smaller fraction to be deposited as radioactive waste. The radioactive part recovered from the scales will be reduced to a stable non-metallic salt and because the volume is significantly smaller then the original material, will minimize the cost for disposal. The pipes, that have been cleaned by high pressure water jetting can either be reused or free released by scrapping and melting for recycling.

Lindberg, M.

2002-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

392

Method for minimizing decarburization and other high temperature oxygen reactions in a plasma sprayed material  

SciTech Connect

A method is disclosed for spray coating material which employs a plasma gun that has a cathode, an anode, an arc gas inlet, a first powder injection port, and a second powder injection port. A suitable arc gas is introduced through the arc gas inlet, and ionization of the arc gas between the cathode and the anode forms a plasma. The plasma is directed to emenate from an open-ended chamber defined by the boundary of the anode. A coating is deposited upon a base metal part by suspending a binder powder within a carrier gas that is fed into the plasma through the first powder injection port; a material subject to degradation by high temperature oxygen reactions is suspended within a carrier gas that is fed into the plasma through the second injection port. The material fed through the second injection port experiences a cooler portion of the plasma and has a shorter dwell time within the plasma to minimize high temperature oxygen reactions. The material of the first port and the material of the second port intermingle within the plasma to form a uniform coating having constituent percentages related to the powder-feed rates of the materials through the respective ports.

Lenling, William J. (Madison, WI); Henfling, Joseph A. (Bosque Farms, NM); Smith, Mark F. (Albuquerque, NM)

1993-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

393

Curvature perturbation in multi-field inflation with non-minimal coupling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we discuss a multi-field model of inflation in which generally all fields are non-minimally coupled to the Ricci scalar and have non-canonical kinetic terms. The background evolution and first-order perturbations for the model are evaluated in both the Jordan and Einstein frames, and the respective curvature perturbations compared. We confirm that they are indeed not the same - unlike in the single-field case - and also that the difference is a direct consequence of the isocurvature perturbations inherent to multi-field models. This result leads us to conclude that the notion of adiabaticity is not invariant under conformal transformations. Using a two-field example we show that even if in one frame the evolution is adiabatic, meaning that the curvature perturbation is conserved on super-horizon scales, in general in the other frame isocurvature perturbations continue to source the curvature perturbation. We also find that it is possible to realise a particular model in which curvature perturbations in both frames are conserved but with each being of different magnitude. These examples highlight that the curvature perturbation itself, despite being gauge-invariant, does not correspond directly to an observable. The non-equivalence of the two curvature perturbations would also be important when considering the addition of Standard Model matter into the system.

Jonathan White; Masato Minamitsuji; Misao Sasaki

2012-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

394

On the Local Correctness of L^1 Minimization for Dictionary Learning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The idea that many important classes of signals can be well-represented by linear combinations of a small set of atoms selected from a given dictionary has had dramatic impact on the theory and practice of signal processing. For practical problems in which an appropriate sparsifying dictionary is not known ahead of time, a very popular and successful heuristic is to search for a dictionary that minimizes an appropriate sparsity surrogate over a given set of sample data. While this idea is appealing, the behavior of these algorithms is largely a mystery; although there is a body of empirical evidence suggesting they do learn very effective representations, there is little theory to guarantee when they will behave correctly, or when the learned dictionary can be expected to generalize. In this paper, we take a step towards such a theory. We show that under mild hypotheses, the dictionary learning problem is locally well-posed: the desired solution is indeed a local minimum of the $\\ell^1$ norm. Namely, if $\\mb ...

Geng, Quan; Wright, John

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Moduli Spaces of PU(2)-Instantons on Minimal Class VII Surfaces with b_2=1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe explicitly the moduli spaces $M^{pst}_g(S,E)$ of polystable holomorphic structures $E$ with $\\det E\\cong K$ on a rank 2 vector bundle $E$ with $c_1(E)=c_1(K)$ and $c_2(E)=0$ for all minimal class VII surfaces $S$ with $b_2(S)=1$ and with respect to all possible Gauduchon metrics $g$. These surfaces $S$ are non-elliptic and non-Kaehler complex surfaces and have recently been completely classified. When $S$ is a half or parabolic Inoue surface, $M^{pst}_g(S,E)$ is always a compact one-dimensional complex disc. When $S$ is an Enoki surface, one obtains a complex disc with finitely many transverse self-intersections whose number becomes arbitrarily large when $g$ varies in the space of Gauduchon metrics. $M^{pst}_g(S,E)$ can be identified with a moduli space of PU(2)-instantons. The moduli spaces of simple bundles of the above type leads to interesting examples of non-Hausdorff singular one-dimensional complex spaces.

Schöbel, Konrad

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Minimizing I/O Costs of Multi-Dimensional Queries with BitmapIndices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bitmap indices have been widely used in scientific applications and commercial systems for processing complex,multi-dimensional queries where traditional tree-based indices would not work efficiently. A common approach for reducing the size of a bitmap index for high cardinality attributes is to group ranges of values of an attribute into bins and then build a bitmap for each bin rather than a bitmap for each value of the attribute. Binning reduces storage costs,however, results of queries based on bins often require additional filtering for discarding it false positives, i.e., records in the result that do not satisfy the query constraints. This additional filtering,also known as ''candidate checking,'' requires access to the base data on disk and involves significant I/O costs. This paper studies strategies for minimizing the I/O costs for ''candidate checking'' for multi-dimensional queries. This is done by determining the number of bins allocated for each dimension and then placing bin boundaries in optimal locations. Our algorithms use knowledge of data distribution and query workload. We derive several analytical results concerning optimal bin allocation for a probabilistic query model. Our experimental evaluation with real life data shows an average I/O cost improvement of at least a factor of 10 for multi-dimensional queries on datasets from two different applications. Our experiments also indicate that the speedup increases with the number of query dimensions.

Rotem, Doron; Stockinger, Kurt; Wu, Kesheng

2006-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

397

The Coming Nuclear Renaissance for Next Generation Safeguards Specialists--Maximizing Potential and Minimizing the Risks  

SciTech Connect

This document is intended to provide an overview of the workshop entitled 'The Coming Nuclear Renaissance for the Next Generation Safeguards Experts-Maximizing Benefits While Minimizing Proliferation Risks', conducted at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in partnership with the Y-12 National Security Complex (Y-12) and the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL). This document presents workshop objectives; lists the numerous participant universities and individuals, the nuclear nonproliferation lecture topics covered, and the facilities tours taken as part of the workshop; and discusses the university partnership sessions and proposed areas for collaboration between the universities and ORNL for 2009. Appendix A contains the agenda for the workshop; Appendix B lists the workshop attendees and presenters with contact information; Appendix C contains graphics of the evaluation form results and survey areas; and Appendix D summarizes the responses to the workshop evaluation form. The workshop was an opportunity for ORNL, Y-12, and SRNL staff with more than 30 years combined experience in nuclear nonproliferation to provide a comprehensive overview of their expertise for the university professors and their students. The overall goal of the workshop was to emphasize nonproliferation aspects of the nuclear fuel cycle and to identify specific areas where the universities and experts from operations and national laboratories could collaborate.

Eipeldauer, Mary D [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Simple strategies for minimization of cooling water usage in binary power plants  

SciTech Connect

The geothermal resources which could be used for the production of electrical power in the United States are located for the most part in the semi-arid western regions of the country. The availability of ground or surface water in the quantity or quality desired for a conventional wet'' heat rejections system represents a barrier to the development of these resources with the binary cycle technology. This paper investigates some simple strategies to minimize the cooling water usage of binary power plants. The cooling water usage is reduced by increasing the thermal efficiency of the plant. Three methods of accomplishing this are considered here: increasing the average source temperature, by increasing the geofluid outlet temperature; decreasing pinch points on the heat rejection heat exchangers, increasing their size; and using internal recuperation within the cycle. In addition to the impact on water usage, the impact on cost-of-electricity is determined. The paper shows that some of these strategies can reduce the cooling water requirements 20 to 30% over that for a plant similar to the Heber Binary Plant, with a net reduction in the cost-of-electricity of about 15%. 13 refs., 4 figs., 3 tabs.

Bliem, C.J.; Mines, G.L. (EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (USA))

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Simple strategies for minimization of cooling water usage in binary power plants  

SciTech Connect

The geothermal resources which could be used for the production of electrical power in the United States are located for the most part in the semi-arid western regions of the country. The availability of ground or surface water in the quantity or quality desired for a conventional wet'' heat rejections system represents a barrier to the development of these resources with the binary cycle technology. This paper investigates some simple strategies to minimize the cooling water usage of binary power plants. The cooling water usage is reduced by increasing the thermal efficiency of the plant. Three methods of accomplishing this are considered here: increasing the average source temperature, by increasing the geofluid outlet temperature; decreasing pinch points on the heat rejection heat exchangers, increasing their size; and using internal recuperation within the cycle. In addition to the impact on water usage, the impact on cost-of-electricity is determined. The paper shows that some of these strategies can reduce the cooling water requirements 20 to 30% over that for a plant similar to the Heber Binary Plant, with a net reduction in the cost-of-electricity of about 15%. 13 refs., 4 figs., 3 tabs.

Bliem, C.J.; Mines, G.L. (EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (USA))

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Higgs Boson Decays in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model with Radiative Higgs Sector CP Violation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We re–evaluate the decays of the Higgs bosons in the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM) where the tree-level CP invariance of the Higgs potential is explicitly broken by the loop effects of the third–generation squarks with CP–violating soft–breaking Yukawa interactions. This study is based on the mass matrix of the neutral Higgs bosons that is valid for arbitrary values of all the relevant MSSM parameters. It extends the previous work considerably by including neutral Higgs–boson decays into virtual gauge bosons and those into top–squark pairs, by implementing squark–loop contributions to the two–gluon decay channel, and by incorporating the decays of the charged Higgs boson. The constraints from the electron electric dipole moment on the CP phases are also discussed. We find that the branching fractions of both the neutral and charged Higgs–boson decays and their total decay widths depend strongly on the CP phases of the top (and bottom) squark sectors through the loop–induced neutral Higgs boson mixing as well as the direct couplings of the neutral Higgs bosons to top squark pairs. PACS number(s): 14.80.Cp, 11.30.Er, 12.60.Jv Typeset using REVTEX 1 I.

S. Y. Choi; Kaoru Hagiwara; Jae Sik Lee

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n2 purged minimal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Yukawa Coupling Thresholds: Application to the MSSM and the Minimal Supersymmetric SU(5) GUT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a particular class of threshold corrections to Yukawa couplings and mass relations in the MSSM and supersymmetric grand unified models. We give a complete treatment of Yukawa coupling thresholds at the unification scale $\\Mx$ and the effective supersymmetry scale $\\Ms$ and apply them to corrections to the tree-level prediction $y_b(\\Mx) = y_{\\tau}(\\Mx)$ in minimal supersymmetric SU(5). We apply both gauge and Yukawa coupling thresholds to gauge unification and the above Yukawa unification condition to find predictions for the top quark mass, $M_t$, the superheavy vector boson mass $\\Mv$ and the colored Higgs triplet mass $\\Mhs$. We discuss the dependencies of $\\Mx$ and $\\Mhs$ on $\\alpha_s(M_Z)$, $M_t$ and the sparticle spectrum as well as those of $M_t$ on $\\tan\\beta$, $\\alpha_s(M_Z)$ and the bottom quark mass, $M_b$. The effect of the Yukawa coupling thresholds on $M_t$ are given for representative sparticle spectra. We describe the quantitative differences between these effects for low and high $\\tan\\beta$. We also give new bounds on superheavy masses, incorporating proton decay as well as unification constraints, the former leading to a lower bound on $\\alpha_s$.

Brian D. Wright

1994-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

402

Phenomenology of the minimal $B-L$ Model: the Higgs sector at the Large Hadron Collider and future Linear Colliders  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This Thesis is devoted to the study of the phenomenology of the Higgs sector of the minimal $B-L$ extension of the Standard Model at present and future colliders. Firstly, the motivations that call for the minimal $B-L$ extension are summarised. In addition, the model is analysed in its salient parts. Moreover, a detailed review of the phenomenological allowed Higgs sector parameter space is given. Finally, a complete survey of the distinctive Higgs boson signatures of the model at both the Large Hadron Collider and the future linear colliders is presented.

Giovanni Marco Pruna

2011-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

403

Minimally-invasive Wearable Sensors and Data Processing Methods for Mental Stress Detection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chronic stress is endemic to modern society. If we could monitor our mental state, we may be able to develop insights about how we respond to stress. However, it is unfeasible to continuously annotate stress levels all the time. In the studies conducted for this dissertation, a minimally-invasive wearable sensor platform and physiological data processing methods were developed to analyze a number of physiological correlates of mental stress. We present a minimally obtrusive wearable sensor system that incorporates embedded and wireless communication technologies. The system is designed such that it provides a balance between data collection and user comfort. The system records the following stress related physiological and contextual variables: heart rate variability (HRV), respiratory activity, electrodermal activity (EDA), electromyography (EMG), body acceleration, and geographical location. We assume that if the respiratory influences on HRV can be removed, the residual HRV will be more salient to stress in comparison with raw HRV. We develop three signal processing methods to separate HRV into a respiration influenced and residual HRV. The first method consists of estimating respiration-induced portion of HRV using a linear system identification method (autoregressive moving average model with exogenous inputs). The second method consists of decomposing HRV into respiration-induced principal dynamic mode and residual using nonlinear dynamics decomposition method (principal dynamic mode analysis). The third method consists of splitting HRV into respiration-induced power spectrum and residual in frequency domain using spectral weighting method. These methods were validated on a binary discrimination problem of two psychophysiological conditions: mental stress and relaxation. The linear system identification method, nonlinear dynamics decomposition method, and spectral weighting method classified stress and relaxation conditions at 85.2 %, 89.2 %, and 81.5 % respectively. When tonic and phasic EDA features were combined with the linear system identification method, the nonlinear dynamics decomposition method, and the spectral weighting method, the average classification rates were increased to 90.4 %, 93.2 %, and 88.1 % respectively. To evaluate the developed wearable sensors and signal processing methods on multiple subjects, we performed case studies. In the first study, we performed experiments in a laboratory setting. We used the wearable sensors and signal processing methods to discriminate between stress and relaxation conditions. We achieved 81 % average classification rate in the first case study. In the second study, we performed experiments to detect stress in ambulatory settings. We collected data from the subjects who wore the sensors during regular daily activities. Relaxation and stress conditions were allocated during daily activities. We achieved a 72 % average classification rate in ambulatory settings. Together, the results show achievements in recognizing stress from wearable sensors in constrained and ambulatory conditions. The best results for stress detection were achieved by removing respiratory influence from HRV and combining features from EDA.

Choi, Jongyoon

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Testing Minimal Universal Extra Dimensions Using Higgs Boson Searches at the LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Large Hadron Collider (LHC) searches for the SM Higgs boson provide a powerful limit on models involving Universal Extra Dimensions (UED) where the Higgs production is enhanced. We have evaluated all one-loop diagrams for Higgs production from gluon fusion and decay to two photons within "minimal" UED (mUED), independently confirming previous results, and we have evaluated enhancement factors for Higgs boson production and decay over the mUED parameter space. Using these we have derived limits on the parameter space, combining data from both ATLAS and CMS collaborations for the most recent 7 TeV and 8 TeV LHC data. We have performed a rigorous statistical combination of several Higgs boson search channels which is important because mUED signatures from the Higgs boson are not universally enhanced. We have found that 1/R 1000 GeV) around m_h = 118 GeV are left. The latter is likely to be excluded as more data becomes available whereas the region around 125 GeV is where the recently discovered Higgs-like particle was observed and therefore where the exclusion limit is weaker. It is worth stressing that mUED predicts an enhancement for all channels for Higgs production by gluon fusion and decay while the vector boson fusion process WW/ZZ -> h -> AA is generically suppressed and WW/ZZ -> h -> WW*/ZZ* is standard. Therefore, as more 8 TeV LHC data becomes available, the information on individual Higgs boson production and decay processes provided by the CMS and ATLAS experiments can be effectively used to favour mUED or exclude it further.

Genevieve Belanger; Alexander Belyaev; Matthew Brown; Mitsuru Kakizaki; Alexander Pukhov

2012-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

405

Preemptive scheduling of jobs with tied parameters on a single processor to minimize the number of late jobs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have n jobs with release times and due-dates to be scheduled on a single-machine that can handle at most one job at a time. Our objective is to minimize the number of late jobs, ones completed after their due-dates. This problem is known to ... Keywords: algorithm, due date, late job, release date, scheduling single processor

Nodari Vakhania

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Modeling and simulation of a single phase photovoltaic inverter and investigation of switching strategies for harmonic minimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aim of this paper is to build an EMTDC model of a single phase photovoltaic inverter and to investigate switching strategies for harmonic minimisation. For the simulation of this model, the PSCAD/EMTDC software package was used and the waveforms ... Keywords: EMTDC model, harmonic minimization, single-phase photovoltaic inverter

St. Kourtesi; L. Ekonomou; A. Nakulas; G. P. Fotis; E. Zoulias

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Non-minimal $R^\\beta F^2$-Coupled Electromagnetic Fields to Gravity and Static, Spherically Symmetric Solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate non-minimal $R^\\beta F^2$-type couplings of electromagnetic fields to gravity. We derive the field equations by a first order variational principle using the method of Lagrange multipliers. Then we present various static, spherically symmetric solutions describing the exterior fields in the vicinity of electrically charged massive bodies.

Dereli, Tekin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

A cost-based adaptive handover hysteresis scheme to minimize the handover failure rate in 3GPP LTE system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We deal with a cost-based adaptive handover hysteresis scheme for the horizontal handover decision strategies, as one of the self-optimization techniques that can minimize the handover failure rate (HFR) in the 3rd generation partnership project (3GPP) ...

Doo-Won Lee; Gye-Tae Gil; Dong-Hoi Kim

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

New Model of Inflation with Non-minimal Derivative Coupling of Standard Model Higgs Boson to Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this letter we show that there is a unique non-minimal derivative coupling of the Standard Model Higgs boson to gravity such that: it propagates no more degrees of freedom than General Relativity sourced by a scalar field, reproduces a successful inflating background within the Standard Model Higgs parameters and, finally, does not suffer from dangerous quantum corrections.

Cristiano Germani; Alex Kehagias

2010-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

410

756 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SUSTAINABLE ENERGY, VOL. 4, NO. 3, JULY 2013 Minimization of Wind Farm Operational  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

756 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SUSTAINABLE ENERGY, VOL. 4, NO. 3, JULY 2013 Minimization of Wind Farm) of wind turbine at time , denoted as 0 or 1. Energy consumed by an idle wind turbine. Electricity spot, and Guanglin Xu Abstract--Scheduling a wind farm in the presence of uncertain wind speed conditions

Kusiak, Andrew

411

Minimizing the production of unwanted activation products in the AR40/AR39 dating method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A fast flux irradiation device (FFID) was developed for the Texas A&M Nuclear Science Center's one-megawatt (I-MW) TRIGA reactor, primarily to service the fields of geochronology and thermochronology with unprecedented irradiation characteristics for the Ar40/Ar39 dating technique. The FFID consisted of a dry vertical tube port that extended from the reactor core to the reactor support bridge. A boron-shielded rotisserie, inserted into the vertical tube port, was used to house the samples in the core region, being stabilized radially from below the rotisserie by a bayonet and above the rotisserie by polyethylene plugs. The polyethylene plugs also served as shields to minimize the gamma and neutron dose rates at the reactor bridge level. The rotisserie employs a 0.71 rpm motor for continual rotation during irradiation. The FFID was intended to be operated at full reactor power (one-megawatt thermal). The first four irradiations revealed that the FFID provided nearly ideal irradiation characteristics for the dating technique. The extent of the thermal neutron interference reaction K40(n,p)Ar4O was reduced to levels too small to be measured by the existing standards (K salts and K glass) used by the experimenters. Additionally, the boron shield reduced the quantities of thermal neutron-induced activation products by two to three order s of magnitude. This reduction allowed decay periods to be decreased from several weeks to as little as three days. The radial stability provided by the FFID reduced circumferential flux gradients to below 0.4%, far less than the 2.4% to 3.4% observed at other reactor facilities. The one major drawback in the FFID design was the evidence of temperatures in the sample region in excess of 600' F, indicated by the melting of cadmium metal during characterization. This problem could be reduced by either decreasing the reaction rate (operating at a lower reactor power), or instituting a heat removal system involving the continual flow of a gas that does not easily activate.

Brightwell, Michael Shane

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

A complete transformation rule set and a minimal equation set for CNOT-based 3-qubit quantum circuits (Draft)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce a complete transformation rule set and a minimal equation set for controlled-NOT (CNOT)-based quantum circuits. Using these rules, quantum circuits that compute the same Boolean function are reduced to the same normal form. We can thus easily check the equivalence of circuits by comparing their normal forms. By applying the Knuth-Bendix completion algorithm to a set of modified 18 equations introduced by Iwama et al. 2002, we obtain a complete transformation rule set (i.e., a set of transformation rules with the properties of `termination' and `confluence'). Our transformation rule set consists of 114 rules. Moreover, we discovered a minimal combination of equations for the initial equation set.

Issei Sakashita

2013-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

413

Real time selective harmonic minimization for multilevel inverters using genetic algorithm and artifical neural network angle generation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The work developed here proposes a methodology for calculating switching angles for varying DC sources in a multilevel cascaded H-bridges converter. In this approach the required fundamental is achieved, the lower harmonics are minimized, and the system can be implemented in real time with low memory requirements. Genetic algorithm (GA) is the stochastic search method to find the solution for the set of equations where the input voltages are the known variables and the switching angles are the unknown variables. With the dataset generated by GA, an artificial neural network (ANN) is trained to store the solutions without excessive memory storage requirements. This trained ANN then senses the voltage of each cell and produces the switching angles in order to regulate the fundamental at 120 V and eliminate or minimize the low order harmonics while operating in real time.

Filho, Faete J [ORNL; Tolbert, Leon M [ORNL; Ozpineci, Burak [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Minimization of the Energy of the Non-Relativistic One-Electron Pauli-Fierz Model over Quasifree States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article is proved the existence and uniqueness of a minimizer of the energy for the non-relativistic one electron Pauli-Fierz model, within the class of pure quasifree states. The minimum of the energy on pure quasifree states coincides with the minimum of the energy on quasifree states. Infrared and ultraviolet cutoffs are assumed, along with sufficiently small coupling constant and momentum of the dressed electron. A perturbative expression of the minimum of the energy on quasifree states for a small momentum of the dressed electron and small coupling constant is then given. We also express the Lagrange equation for the minimizer, in terms of the generalized one particle density matrix of the pure quasifree state.

Volker Bach; Sébastien Breteaux; Timmy Tzaneteas

2013-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

415

Emerging technologies and approaches to minimize discharges into Lake Michigan Phase 2, Module 3 report.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purdue University Calumet (Purdue) and Argonne National Laboratory (Argonne) have conducted an independent study to identify deployable technologies that could help the BP Whiting Refinery, and other petroleum refineries, meet future wastewater discharge limits. This study has been funded by BP. Each organization tested a subset of the target technologies and retains sole responsibility for its respective test design and implementation, quality assurance and control, test results obtained from each of the technologies, and corresponding conclusions and recommendations. This project was divided in two phases and modules. This report summarizes the work conducted by Argonne in Phase II Module 3 (Bench Scale Testing). Other Modules are discussed elsewhere (Emerging Technologies and Approaches to Minimize Discharges into Lake Michigan, Phase 2, Modules 1-3 Report, April 2011, prepared for BP Americas by the Argonne - Purdue Task Force). The goal of this project was to identify and assess available and emerging wastewater treatment technologies for removing mercury and vanadium from the Whiting Refinery wastewater and to conduct bench-scale tests to provide comparable, transparent, and uniform results across the broad range of technologies tested. After the bench-scale testing phase, a previously developed decision matrix was refined and applied by Argonne to process and review test data to estimate and compare the preliminary performance, engineering configuration, preliminary cost, energy usage, and waste generation of technologies that were shown to be able to remove Hg and/or V to below the target limit at the bench scale. The data were used as the basis to identify the best candidates for further testing at the bench or pilot scale on a slip stream of effluent to lake (ETL) or clarifier effluent (CE) at the Whiting Refinery to determine whether future limits could be met and to generate other pertinent data for scale-up and sustainability evaluation. As a result of this technology assessment, Argonne identified several technologies that, at the bench-scale, could achieve the targeted performance for the removal of mercury and vanadium. A subset of those technologies were recommended for further testing either at the bench scale or at the pilot scale to determine whether future discharge limits could be met at the pilot-scale. The objectives of this project module are to: (1) Test at the bench-scale a subset of the technologies previously identified in Module 1 for the removal of target heavy metals down to 1.3 ppt Hg and 280 ppb V; (2) Review and process bench-scale test results on the basis of the end-point performance measures matrix to determine preliminary comparative performance, cost-effectiveness, and potential engineering configuration of tested technologies; (3) Assess the technological feasibility and readiness of the identified technologies for implementation at the Whiting Refinery; and (4) Select technically and economically feasible mercury- and vanadium-removal technologies and vendors to be recommended for pilot-scale testing at the Whiting Refinery.

Negri, M. C.; Gillenwater, P.; Urgun Demirtas, M. (Energy Systems)

2011-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

416

Program on Technology Innovation: Minimizing the Risk of Electromagnetic Interference in Modifying Power Plants and Mixed Control Eq uipment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This EPRI Technical Report presents techniques, methods, and knowledge to minimize electromagnetic interference (EMI) risks when modifying nuclear plants and increasing the mixed (analog, hybrid, and digital) environment. Chapter 2 addresses present, evolving, and future EMC standards that will impact plant. Chapter 3 discusses electromagnetic environments (EME) and their dynamic nature migrating from analog to hybrid and digital equipment followed by guidance for testing equipment in the gigahertz (GHz)...

2008-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

417

Analysis of Advanced Liquid Waste Minimization Techniques at a PWR: Advanced Media, Pleated Filters, and Ecomomic Evaluation Tools  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utilities may employ a number of options for processing radioactive liquids or improving processing system O&M. This report summarizes low level waste minimization studies for the Diablo Canyon Power Plant. These studies involved the performance of selective ion media, optimization of the chemical volume control system (CVCS) demineralizers, performance assessment of the application of advanced minimum precoat elements for processing condensate demineralizer system rinse water, and evaluation of the econ...

1998-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

418

Renormalization group equation study of the scalar sector of the minimal B-L extension of the standard model  

SciTech Connect

We present the complete set of renormalization group equations at one loop for the nonexotic minimal U(1) extension of the standard model (SM). It includes all models that are anomaly-free with the SM fermion content augmented by one right-handed neutrino per generation. We then pursue the numerical study of the pure B-L model, deriving the triviality and vacuum stability bounds on an enlarged scalar sector comprising one additional Higgs singlet field with respect to the SM.

Basso, Lorenzo; Moretti, Stefano; Pruna, Giovanni Marco [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom); Particle Physics Department, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon OX11 0QX (United Kingdom)

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Formulation of the Spinor Field in the Presence of a Minimal Length Based on the Quesne-Tkachuk Algebra  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 2006 Quesne and Tkachuk (J. Phys. A: Math. Gen. {\\bf 39}, 10909, 2006) introduced a (D+1)-dimensional $(\\beta,\\beta')$-two-parameter Lorentz-covariant deformed algebra which leads to a nonzero minimal length. In this work, the Lagrangian formulation of the spinor field in a (3+1)-dimensional space-time described by Quesne-Tkachuk Lorentz-covariant deformed algebra is studied in the case where $\\beta'=2\\beta$ up to first order over deformation parameter $\\beta$. It is shown that the modified Dirac equation which contains higher order derivative of the wave function describes two massive particles with different masses. We show that physically acceptable mass states can only exist for $\\betabeta<\\frac{1}{8m^{2}c^{2}}$ to an electron, the upper bound for the isotropic minimal length becomes about $3 \\times 10^{-13}m$. This value is near to the reduced Compton wavelength of the electron $(\\lambda_c = \\frac{\\hbar}{m_{e}c} = 3.86\\times 10^{-13} m)$ and is not incompatible with the results obtained for the minimal length in previous investigations.

S. K. Moayedi; M. R. Setare; H. Moayeri

2011-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

420

Measuring progress on HEU minimization - The need for acceleration and addressing 'out-of- scope' activities  

SciTech Connect

Currently, 294 reactors and isotope production facilities use HEU fuel or target material, out of which 154 are used for naval propulsion. These facilities are in annual need of more than 3 500 kg HEU for naval propulsion, more than 900 kg HEU in research reactors, and more than 80 kg HEU for isotope production in civilian facilities, in addition to 6 000 kg HEU in various other types of reactors. 48 civilian research reactors, representing a decrease in the HEU consumption on 278 kg - or 19% compared to the amount of HEU consumed in 1978 in similar facilities, have completed the conversion to LEU as a result over continued international assistance over three decades. The establishment of baseline measurements for assessing the results of the current HEU minimization effort calls for additional focus on the scope and methodology for HEU minimization. The justification for addressing only 54% of the remaining HEU-fueled research reactors as part of the GTRI program should be addressed together with increased focus on facility decommissioning as 120 HEU-fueled reactors with HEU consumption on 450 kg have been shutdown since 1978. There should be no need for converting all the remaining 133 HEU-fueled research reactors as decommissioning and dismantling should play a more prominent role in the future HEU minimization effort. As other sectors reduce the HEU fuel inventory, there is a need to evaluate the risk associated with the continued use of large quantities of weapons-grade HEU fuel for naval propulsion. (author)

Reistad, Ole; Hustveit, Styrkaar [Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority (NRPA), 1332 Osteras (Norway)

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n2 purged minimal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VERY LARGE SCALE INTEGRATTION (VLSI) SYSTEMS, VOL. 5, NO. 4, DECEMBER 1997 1 Energy Minimization Using Multiple Supply  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Minimization Using Multiple Supply Voltages Jui-Ming Chang, Massoud Pedram Abstract|We present dependencies, and the energy cost of level shifters. Experimental results show that using three supply voltage level. Keywords| Energy Minimization, Multiple Supply Volt- ages, Scheduling, Dynamic Programming

Pedram, Massoud

422

TransForum v3n2 - GAPC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

new study sponsored by General Motors Corporation (GM) and supported by Argonne, BP, ExxonMobil, and Shell may bring us one step closer to finding the answer. On March 21, 2001, at...

423

TransForum v4n2 - Diesel Reformer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 ARGONNE SCIENTISTS TEAM UP TO DEVELOP NEW DIESEL REFORMER Liu tests diesel reformer Argonne's Di-Jia Liu conducted extensive testing of the diesel reformer; his experiments are...

424

TransForum v9n2 - PHEV Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PHEVs Need Further Research for Acceptable Payback PHEVs Need Further Research for Acceptable Payback Fuel Consumption as a Function of Distance PHEV graph In order to double the fuel displacement obtained with a 4kWh battery, the battery size had to be quadrupled to 16kWh. Aymeric Rousseau and his team at Argonne studied the impact of real-world drive cycles on the fuel efficiency and costs of different plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) configurations. They found that while different PHEV configurations all demonstrated great potential for replacing gasoline (with less gasoline consumed as more electricity was used), the benefit of adding a larger battery seemed to decrease with increasing battery pack size. "In general, the larger the battery, the more fuel saved," said Rousseau, principal investigator of the vehicle modeling and simulation

425

SSQ V1 N2_6june11_FINAL  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

2 2011 2 2011 Comments Questions or comments regarding the Stockpile Stewardship Quarterly should be directed to Terri.Batuyong@nnsa.doe.gov Technical Editor: Douglas Drake, Publication Editor: Millicent Mischo Inside This Issue Stockpile Stewardship Quarterly Defense Programs Stockpile Stewardship in Action Volume 1, Number 2 What do physicists and paparazzi have in common? They know that a picture is worth a thousand words! For this issue of the Stockpile Stewardship Quarterly, the theme is advances in imaging diagnostics. Not only do the images tell a story, as asserted in the old axiom, about the dynamics of high-explosives, laser or pulsed power-driven events, but they are also becoming very quantitative. The

426

TransForum v8n2 - Challenge X Winner  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

University team designed and engineered a through-the-road (TTR) parallel hybrid electric vehicle with all-wheel drive using a 1.9L GM sourced turbocharged direct injection...

427

TransForum v9n2 - Low Temperature Combustion  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Low-Temperature Combustion Knocks Out NOx, Saves Fuel and Money One of the hottest concepts in clean diesel technology is low-temperature combustion (LTC). Engineers from Argonne's...

428

TransForum v9n2 - FASTRAX  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

recent results of hydrogen combustion engine research at the SAE World Congress in Detroit, Michigan, April 2009. The work, co-authored by Abhijeet Nande and Jeff Naber (both...

429

Some ternary Diophantine equations of signature (n, n, 2) - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with n = 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 11, 13, 17 and D ? {2, 3, 5, 6, 10, 11, 13, 17}. ... n, D that occur in the statement and for each n ? 17, there are some values of D for which  ...

430

TransForum v9n2 - Green Fuel Depot  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

> Alternative Fuels Autonomie Batteries Downloadable Dynamometer Database Engines Green Racing GREET Hybrid Electric Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Materials Modeling,...

431

TransForum v8n2 - ALMS Green Challenge  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

> Alternative Fuels Autonomie Batteries Downloadable Dynamometer Database Engines Green Racing GREET Hybrid Electric Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Materials Modeling,...

432

K2TiF6-Ti/N2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Comparative Study of Liquid Phase Sintering vs Spark-plasma Sintering of ... Assessment of Electrical Contact Resistance in Spark-plasma Sintering Graphite  ...

433

TransForum v4n2 - Argonne Researchers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

research that the society specifically mentioned in its citation were his involvement in heat exchanger development at Cummins Engine Co. But for Sekar, his greatest achievements...

434

TransForum v9n2 - KATECH MOU  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

On May 16, 2009, Argonne entered into a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with the Korea Automotive Technology Institute (KATECH). Steven Chu, the U.S. Department of Energy...

435

Vent Stack Liquid N2 RTD Temperature Sensor  

SciTech Connect

This engineering note documents the installation of two temperature sensing RTD's in the BC's. Previously, the temperature sensing device used in all three cryostats consisted of a FNAL designed liquid sensing probe (see EN-168, and drawing ME-273505). This device was necessary because of the concern that overfilling LN2 into the main vent line during cooldown could create an undesirable back pressure on the relief valves or rupture disks. This could possibly hinder the relieving of argon gas at the required flow rate in a safety situation. The probe was installed on the CC, and has been operating perfectly, therefore, this probe will not be changed. Figure 1 shows the location of TS232E, the CC liquid sensing probe. Note that the probe is located downstream of the condenser outlet valve (PV210N), therefore, it effectively operates under atmospheric pressure. On the BC's, however, the probe was originally installed at a different location, upstream of the condenser outlet valve (PV110N or PV310N). This resulted in the probe effectively sensing the condenser pressure, which varied from approximately 30 psia to 60 psia during cooldown. The changing pressure meant that the corresponding temperature at which liquid appeared also changed. The probe then became inaccurate, especially at higher condenser pressures, when the probe would be fail to trip at the higher liquid temperature. The solution was to replace the original probe with an RTD. This involved using the PLC to compare the temperature sensed by the RTD to the liquid saturation temperature, calculated using the measured condenser pressure. A formula was created to calculate the saturation temperature from the condenser pressure. This formula was derived by curve fitting points taken from the NBS Technical Note 129 for nitrogen. A 2nd order equation was used to fit the points, since the accuracy was not very important for temperature comparison. The entire equation was then shifted so that the curve was above all of the actual points. This was done to insure that the formula would provide higher temperatures, so the comparison to the RTD would be conservative, switching before the temperature reached saturation. Figure 2 shows the curve used to fit the data points. The lower curve is the actual data, and the higher curve is the formula to be used. Using the formula derived, the PLC calculates a conservative saturation temperature from the condenser pressure. The condenser pressure is measured by PT110N or PT310N, on the ECN and ECS, respectively. The transmitters are Rosemount 0-75 psia pressure transmitters. The PLC then compares the calculated temperature to the measured temperature from the RTD's, EIl32E and EI332E, which are Omega platinum RTD probes, model PR-14-2-100-1/4-12-E. If the measured temperature drops below the calculated saturation temperature, an alarm signals on the view page, and the PLC automatically closes the two inlet condenser valves (PV 101N and PV102N, or PV301N and PV302N). As a final note, there are various advantages and disadvantages to using the RTD's instead of the original probe. The advantages are that the RTD's provide constant monitoring of the temperature, whereas the probe was basically designed as a switch. The RTD's are more accurate in that they can respond over the range of the condenser pressure. The probe was designed to operate under atmospheric pressure. The only disadvantage of the RTD's is that they sense temperature, therefore, they cannot distinguish saturated GN2 from liquid, while the probe was designed specifically to do so. Overall, however, the RTD's provide an acceptable solution to the problem of liquid sensing in the vent line. Figure 3 shows the final location of the RTD on the ECN. The ECS location is the same.

Wu, J.; /Fermilab

1991-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

436

TransForum v8n2 - Challenge X Winner  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

announced in Washington, D.C. Seventeen teams have been selected from the U.S. and Canada to participate in this prestigious event. EcoCAR is the latest in a 19-year series of...

437

TransForum v9n2 -ECOCAR 2009 Winner  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of the U.S. Department of Energy and Lisa Raitt, Minister of Natural Resources, Canada (both far right). The six-day competition was held in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, and...

438

TransForum v9n2 - Smart Grid  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Argonne transportation researchers created this interactive model to demonstrate how the smart grid interacts with different types of consumers. As the "smart" power grid moves...

439

? Capacity-based design [Preliminary for Part 2] 2. Energy Harvesting Networks Transmission Completion Time Minimization for single link  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transmission Completion Time Minimization for single link w / finite battery Extension to fading channels Transmission policies with inefficient energy storage IEEE ICC 2013, Budapest, Hungary 6/9/2013 Goals ? Energy Efficiency (EE): What it meant last decade; what it means today ? From a communication network design perspective what should we care about for energy efficient design of cellular/conventional wireless networks? (greenish) rechargeable/energy harvesting networks? (green) ? Communication with energy harvesting nodes Green, self-sufficient nodes with extended network lifetime Relatively new field with increasing interest IEEE ICC 2013, Budapest, Hungary 6/9/2013 Prerequisites for the Tutorial

Aylin Yener; Short Term; Throughput Maximization

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Interacting non-minimally coupled canonical, phantom and quintom models of holographic dark energy in non-flat universe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Motivated by our recent work \\cite{set1}, we generalize this work to the interacting non-flat case. Therefore in this paper we deal with canonical, phantom and quintom models, with the various fields being non-minimally coupled to gravity, within the framework of interacting holographic dark energy. We employ the holographic model of interacting dark energy to obtain the equation of state for the holographic energy density in non-flat (closed) universe enclosed by the event horizon measured from the sphere of horizon named $L$.

M R Setare; Alberto Rozas-Fernández

2009-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n2 purged minimal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Labyrinth for an ignition distributor cap and rotor assembly with atmospheric purging action  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes an ignition distributor to work with spark plug electrodes, a rotor electrode, a coil electrode and a shaft for an internal combustion engine with cylinders, the ignition distributor comprising: a bowl shaped housing; a distributor cap comprising: a generally dome shape with a generally hollow interior and with a circular shaped bottom to mate with the bowl shaped housing; spark towers equal in number to the number of cylinders of the internal combustion engine, projecting up from the top of the dome shape and slotted to accept spark plug electrodes and allow them to protrude into the distributor cap interior for communication with the rotor electrode; a vent tower projecting up from the top of the dome shape and provided with a vent port through to the distributor cap interior to allow for the outward flow of the atmosphere inside the distributor cap and bowl shaped housing; a coil tower projecting up from the top of the dome shape and slotted to accept a coil electrode and allow it to protrude into the distributor cap interior for communication with the rotor electrode; an inner labyrinth of annular shape on the interior surface of the dome shape surround the coil electrode and protruding into the hollow interior of the dome shape; and an outer labyrinth of annular shape on the interior surface of the dome shape surrounding the inner labyrinth thereby forming an annular channel.

Kronberger, L.J.

1986-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

442

Engine cooling system air venting arrangement with buoyant air purge valve  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An air vent arrangement is described for the cooling system of an automotive type engine having a radiator with a coolant inlet. The engine has coolant passages communicating with the radiator through an outlet essentially horizontally disposed, tubing connecting the radiator inlet and coolant outlet, and a thermostat in the outlet horizontally movable to open and closed positions. A horizontally disposed air bleed bypass passage is located vertically above the thermostat connecting the coolant outlet to a portion of the tubing downstream of the thermostat bypassing the same when the thermostat is in a closed position for bleeding air from the cooling system. The bypass passage has a valve therein moveable between a position blocking flow of coolant through the same and a second position opening the passage permitting the bleed of air therethrough. The valve is buoyant and constructed and arranged to pivot from a non flowblocking air bleed position into a flow blocking position in response to flow of coolant into the bypass passage acting thereagainst.

Schnizlein, M.E.

1987-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

443

Experimental Study of Main Gas Ingestion and Purge Gas Egress Flow in Model Gas Turbine Stages.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Efficient performance of gas turbines depends, among several parameters, on the mainstream gas entry temperature. At the same time, transport of this high temperature gas… (more)

Balasubramanian, Jagdish Harihara

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

MORPHEUS: motif oriented representations to purge hostile events from unlabeled sequences  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most of the prevalent anomaly detection systems use some training data to build models. These models are then utilized to capture any deviations resulting from possible intrusions. The efficacy of such systems is highly dependent upon a training data ... Keywords: anomaly detection, data cleaning, motifs

Gaurav Tandon; Philip Chan; Debasis Mitra

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Following weeks of purging and organiz-ing, phase one of the School's reloca-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in August. The depart- ments of Consumer Science and Human Development and Family Studies, as well as UW from top: Gloria McCord, Human Ecology financial specialist, casts a spell at the punch-bowl cauldron

Sheridan, Jennifer

446

Enhancement of “CP-odd ” Higgs Boson Production in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model with Explicit CP Violation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the production cross section of the “CP-odd ” Higgs boson via gluon fusion in the minimal supersymmetric standard model with explicit CP violation in the stop sector. We show that there is a parameter region in which the cross section is enhanced by a factor of about 1000, as compared to the case without CP violation in the stop sector. In the parameter region where the “CP-odd ” Higgs boson can decay into a stop pair, the stop pair events will be the important signature of the enhanced “CP-odd ” Higgs boson. In the case where the “CP-odd ” Higgs boson cannot decay into any superparticles, the ?? and ?? decay channels could become important for discovering the “CP-odd ” Higgs boson. We also discuss the constraints from electric dipole moments of electron, neutron and mercury on the viable parameter space mentioned above. Low energy supersymmetry (SUSY) is one of the most promising candidates of physics beyond the Standard Model (SM). SUSY gives an elegant solution to the naturalness problem of the stability of the weak scale by canceling quadratically divergent radiative corrections. One of the most important predictions of the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM) is the upper bound of the lightest Higgs boson mass. At tree level, the MSSM predicts the lightest Higgs boson mass to be less than the Z boson mass. However, after including loop corrections, the

Qing-hong Cao; Daisuke Nomura; Kazuhiro Tobe; C. -p. Yuan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Will at least one of the Higgs bosons of the next-to-minimal supersymmetric extension of the standard model be observable at LEP2 or the LHC?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the regions of complete Higgs boson unobservability appearWeakly-Coupled Higgs Bosons”, in Electroweak SymmetryWill at least one of the Higgs bosons of the next-to-minimal

Gunion, John F.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Minimizing Failures While Maintaining Efficiency of Complex Interactive Networks and Systems: EPRI/DoD Complex Interactive Networks/ Systems Initiative; First Annual Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is the first annual report from the EPRI/DOD Complex Interactive Networks/Systems Initiative. The report describes research progress in minimizing failures while maintaining efficiency of complex interactive networks and systems.

2000-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

449

Model for a Universe described by a non-minimally coupled scalar field and interacting dark matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work it is investigated the evolution of a Universe where a scalar field, non-minimally coupled to space-time curvature, plays the role of quintessence and drives the Universe to a present accelerated expansion. A non-relativistic dark matter constituent that interacts directly with dark energy is also considered, where the dark matter particle mass is assumed to be proportional to the value of the scalar field. Two models for dark matter pressure are considered: the usual one, pressureless, and another that comes from a thermodynamic theory and relates the pressure with the coupling between the scalar field and the curvature scalar. Although the model has a strong dependence on the initial conditions, it is shown that the mixture consisted of dark components plus baryonic matter and radiation can reproduce the expected red-shift behavior of the deceleration parameter, density parameters and luminosity distance.

J. B. Binder; G. M. Kremer

2006-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

450

Minimization of investment costs and the effect on economy and availability of coal-fired power plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Low manufacturing costs and short construction periods are two factors with a major influence on the economy of power plants. This paper identifies, on the basis of a power plant design concept actually developed, potential plant cost savings at the concept design and component design levels and the sometimes contradictory implications to be considered and attempts to assess the impact of these savings on plant economy and availability. By comparison with a conventionally constructed plant, the cost savings that can be achieved over the entire plant, including erection costs, total just on 15 percent. The construction period can be reduced by about 20%. The simplifications implemented in this design concept with a view to minimizing plant costs are expected to entail only a negligible reduction in plant availability, so that this type of power plant retains its overall economic lead.

Hebel, G.; Hauenschild, R. (ABB Kraftwerke AG, Mannheim (DE))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Real Time Selective Harmonic Minimization for Multilevel Inverters Connected to Solar Panels Using Artificial Neural Network Angle Generation  

SciTech Connect

This work approximates the selective harmonic elimination problem using artificial neural networks (ANNs) to generate the switching angles in an 11-level full-bridge cascade inverter powered by five varying dc input sources. Each of the five full bridges of the cascade inverter was connected to a separate 195-W solar panel. The angles were chosen such that the fundamental was kept constant and the low-order harmonics were minimized or eliminated. A nondeterministic method is used to solve the system for the angles and to obtain the data set for the ANN training. The method also provides a set of acceptable solutions in the space where solutions do not exist by analytical methods. The trained ANN is a suitable tool that brings a small generalization effect on the angles' precision and is able to perform in real time (50-/60-Hz time window).

Tolbert, Leon M [ORNL; Ozpineci, Burak [ORNL; Filho, Faete [ORNL; Cao, Yue [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Nitrogen and Sulfur Requirements for Clostridium thermocellum and Caldicellulosiruptor bescii on Cellulosic Substrates in Minimal Nutrient Media  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Growth media for cellulolytic Clostridium thermocellum and Caldicellulosiruptor bescii bacteria usually contain excess nutrients that would increase costs for consolidated bioprocessing for biofuel production and create a waste stream with nitrogen, sulfur and phosphate. C. thermocellum was grown on crystalline cellulose with varying concentrations of nitrogen and sulfur compounds, and growth rate and alcohol production response curves were determined. Both bacteria assimilated sulfate in the presence of ascorbate reductant, increasing the ratio of oxidized to reduced fermentation products. From these results, a low ionic strength, defined minimal nutrient medium with decreased nitrogen, sulfur, phosphate and vitamin supplements was developed for the fermentation of cellobiose, cellulose and acid-pretreated Populus. Carbon and electron balance calculations indicate the unidentified residual fermentation products must include highly reduced molecules. Both bacterial populations were maintained in co-cultures with substrates containing xylan or hemicellulose in defined medium with sulfate and basal vitamin supplements.

Kridelbaugh, Donna M [ORNL; Nelson, Josh C [ORNL; Engle, Nancy L [ORNL; Tschaplinski, Timothy J [ORNL; Graham, David E [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Minimize pump downtime  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In refineries and petrochemical plants, centrifugal pumps usually lead the list of equipment that is most susceptible to failure. Using guidelines, maintenance mechanics can improve troubleshooting methods when investigating pump bedplates, underlying concrete foundations and grouting problems. Too often, mechanics may improperly diagnose a misalignment--caused by grouting problems--as an unbalance or a bearing-wearing problem when troubleshooting pump failure. Result: bearing, shaft and seal failures occur from a flawed maintenance procedure. Identifying mounting-surface problems can improve pump performance and decrease unit downtime.

Myers, R.D. [ITW Escoweld Systems, Kingwood, TX (United States)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Recycling and Waste Minimization  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and "Recycling Data by Site." For additional information regarding this page or feedback on its content, please contact: Jane Powers This page was last updated on March 25, 2013...

455

Laser direct synthesis of graphene on quartz Dapeng Wei a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

chamber. Before growing graphene, the chamber was pumped and purged by high-purity N2 gas, and maintained for the growth of graphene [16,32]. When the laser power is high enough, the photoresist is decomposed-area synthesis of high-quality and uniform graphene films on copper foils. Science 2009;324:1312­4. 600 650 700

Xu, Xianfan

456

Exact solutions with AdS asymptotics of Einstein and Einstein-Maxwell gravity minimally coupled to a scalar field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a general method for solving exactly the static field equations of Einstein and Einstein-Maxwell gravity minimally coupled to a scalar field. Our method starts from an ansatz for the scalar field profile, and determines, together with the metric functions, the corresponding form of the scalar self-interaction potential. Using this method we prove a new no-hair theorem about the existence of hairy black-hole and black-brane solutions and derive broad classes of static solutions with radial symmetry of the theory, which may play an important role in applications of the AdS/CFT correspondence to condensed matter and strongly coupled QFTs. These solutions include: (1) four- or generic (d+2)-dimensional solutions with planar, spherical or hyperbolic horizon topology; (2) solutions with anti-de Sitter, domain wall and Lifshitz asymptotics; (3) solutions interpolating between an anti-de Sitter spacetime in the asymptotic region and a domain wall or conformal Lifshitz spacetime in the near-horizon region.

Cadoni, Mariano; Serra, Matteo; Mignemi, Salvatore [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Cagliari and INFN, Sezione di Cagliari - Cittadella Universitaria, 09042 Monserrato (Italy); Dipartimento di Matematica, Universita di Cagliari and INFN, Sezione di Cagliari - viale Merello 92, 09123 Cagliari (Italy)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

457

General CP Violation in Minimal Left-Right Symmetric Model and Constraints on the Right-Handed Scale  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In minimal left-right symmetric theories, the requirement of parity invariance allows only one complex phase in the Higgs potential and one in the Yukawa couplings, leading to a two-phase theory with both spontaneous and explicit CP violations. We present a systematic way to solve the right-handed quark mixing matrix analytically in this model and find that the leading order solution has the same hierarchical structure as the left-handed CKM matrix with one more CP-violating phase coming from the complex Higgs vev. Armed with this explicit right-handed mixing matrix, we explore its implications for flavor changing and conserving processes in detail, low-energy CP-violating observables in particular. We report an improved lower bound on the $W_R$ mass of 2.5 TeV from $\\Delta M_K$ and $\\Delta M_{B}$, and a somewhat higher bound (4 TeV) from kaon decay parameters $\\epsilon$, $\\epsilon'$, and neutron electric dipole moment. The new bound on the flavor-changing neutral Higgs mass is 25 TeV.

Zhang, Yue; Ji, Xiangdong; Mohapatra, Rabindra N

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Dynamic modeling to minimize energy use for CO{sub 2} capture in power plants by aqueous monoethanolamine  

SciTech Connect

A dynamic rate-based model was developed for stripping in CO{sub 2} capture from coal-fired power plants with 30 wt% monoethanolamine (MEA). The model, created in a flow sheet of Aspen Custom Modeler, was based on the film theory for liquid and vapor phases. It takes into account the impact of equilibrium reactions on the mass transfer, thermodynamic nonidealities, and the hydraulics of the structured packing. With this model, steady state analyses were. carried out for the stripper to understand the effect of the leah loading and the height of the packing on total equivalent work and find optimum operating conditions that minimize power plant lost work. Two dynamic strategies with control configurations are proposed to run the stripper in a flexible operation during the period of electricity peak load and prices. Open loop responses demonstrated some differences in dynamic behavior and steady state values for proposed dynamic strategies. One of the approaches increased the CO{sub 2} removal by 1% at the reduced steam rate and provided faster response of the stripper to a step change in the reboiler heat rate.

Ziaii, S.; Rochelle, G.T.; Edgar, T.F. [University of Texas Austin, Austin, TX (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

459

SLAC's Polarized Electron Source Laser System and Minimization of Electron Beam Helicity Correlations for the E-158 Parity Violation Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SLAC E-158 is an experiment designed to make the first measurement of parity violation in Moller scattering. E-158 will measure the right-left cross-section asymmetry, A_LR^Moller, in the elastic scattering of a 45-GeV polarized electron beam off unpolarized electrons in a liquid hydrogen target. E-158 plans to measure the expected Standard Model asymmetry of ~10^-7 to an accuracy of better than 10^-8. To make this measurement, the polarized electron source requires for operation an intense circularly polarized laser beam and the ability to quickly switch between right- and left-helicity polarization states with minimal right-left helicity-correlated asymmetries in the resulting beam parameters (intensity, position, angle, spot size, and energy), ^beam A_LR's. This laser beam is produced by a unique SLAC-designed flashlamp-pumped Ti:Sapphire laser and is propagated through a carefully designed set of polarization optics. We analyze the transport of nearly circularly polarized light through the optical system and identify several mechanisms that generate ^beam A_LR's. We show that the dominant effects depend linearly on particular polarization phase shifts in the optical system. We present the laser system design and a discussion of the suppression and control of ^beam A_LR's. We also present results on beam performance from engineering and physics runs for E-158.

T. B. Humensky; R. Alley; A. Brachmann; M. J. Browne; G. D. Cates; J. Clendenin; J. deLamare; J. Frisch; T. Galetto; E. W. Hughes; K. S. Kumar; P. Mastromarino; J. Sodja; P. A. Souder; J. Turner; M. Woods

2002-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

460

ANL progress in minimizing effects of LEU conversion on calcination of fission-product {sup 99}Mo acid waste solution.  

SciTech Connect

A partnership between Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), MDS Nordion (MDSN), Atomic Energy Canada Limited (AECL) and SGN (France) has addressed the conversion of the MAPLE Reactor 99Mo production process from high-enriched uranium (HEU) targets to low-enriched uranium (LEU) targets. One effect of the conversion would be to increase the amount of solid uranium waste five-fold; we have worked to minimize the effect of the additional waste on the overall production process and, in particular, solid waste storage. Two processes were investigated for the treatment of the uranium-rich acidic waste solution: direct calcination, and oxalate precipitation as a prelude to calcination. Direct calcination generates a dense UO3 solid that should allow a significantly greater amount of uranium in one waste container than is planned for the HEU process, but doing so results in undesirable sputtering. These results suggest that direct calcination could be adapted for use with LEU targets without a large effect on the uranium waste treatment procedures. The oxalate-calcination generates a lower-density granular U3O8 product; sputtering is not significant during calcination of the uranyl oxalate precipitate. A physical means to densify the product would need to be developed to increase the amount of uranium in each waste container. Future work will focus on the specific chemical reactions that occur during the direct and oxalate calcination processes.

Bakel, A.; Vandegrift, G.; Quigley, K.; Aase, S.; Neylon, M.; Carney, K.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n2 purged minimal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Searches for the Higgs boson in Minimal Supersymmetric CP-conserving and CP-violating Standard Model scenarios at LEP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is important to study extended models containing more than one physical Higgs boson in the spectrum. In particular, Two Higgs Doublet Models (2HDMs) are attractive extensions of the SM, predicting new phenomena with the fewest new parameters. The Higgs sector in the Minimal Supersymmetric extension of the SM (MSSM) is a 2HDM itself. The neutral Higgs searches performed at LEP are showing no evidence of the presence of a signal and have therefore been interpreted in the context of 2HDMs. Depending on the model considered exclusion of large regions of the parameter space can be obtained, but the existence of the lightest Higgs boson with masses lower than 90 GeV is not ruled out in all models by LEP. In the MSSM at least one of the neutral Higgs bosons is predicted to have its mass close to the electroweak energy scale; when radiative corrections are included, this mass should be less than about 140 GeV. This prediction provides a strong motivation for searches at present and future colliders.

Pamela Ferrari

2005-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

462

Implications of Direct Dark Matter Constraints for Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model Higgs Boson Searches at the Tevatron  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Searches for the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) Higgs bosons are among the most promising channels for exploring new physics at the Tevatron. In particular, interesting regions of large $\\tan \\beta$ and small $m_A$ are probed by searches for heavy neutral Higgs bosons, A and H, when they decay to $\\tau^+ \\tau^-$ and $b\\bar{b}$. At the same time, direct searches for dark matter, such as CDMS, attempt to observe neutralino dark matter particles scattering elastically off nuclei. This can occur through t-channel Higgs exchange, which has a large cross section in the case of large $\\tan \\beta$ and small $m_A$. As a result, there is a natural interplay between the heavy, neutral Higgs searches at the Tevatron and the region of parameter space explored by CDMS. We show that if the lightest neutralino makes up the dark matter of our universe, current limits from CDMS strongly constrain the prospects of heavy, neutral MSSM Higgs discovery at the Tevatron (at 3 sigma with 4 fb^-1 per experiment) unless $|\\mu| \\gsim$ 400 GeV. The limits of CDMS projected for 2007 will increase this constraint to $|\\mu| \\gsim$ 800 GeV. On the other hand, if CDMS does observe neutralino dark matter in the near future, it will make the discovery of heavy, neutral MSSM Higgs bosons far more likely at the Tevatron.

Marcela Carena; Dan Hooper; Peter Skands

2006-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

463

RCRA Permit for a Hazardous Waste Management Facility Permit Number NEV HW0101 Annual Summary/Waste Minimization Report Calendar Year 2011  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) identification number of each generator from which the Permittee received a waste stream; a description and quantity of each waste stream in tons and cubic feet received at the facility; the method of treatment, storage, and/or disposal for each waste stream; a description of the waste minimization efforts undertaken; a description of the changes in volume and toxicity of waste actually received; any unusual occurrences; and the results of tank integrity assessments. This Annual Summary/Waste Minimization Report is prepared in accordance with Section 2.13.3 of Permit Number NEV HW0101.

NSTec Environmental Restoration

2012-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

464

RCRA Permit for a Hazardous Waste Management Facility Permit Number NEV HW0101 Annual Summary/Waste Minimization Report Calendar Year 2012, Nevada National Security Site, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) identification number of each generator from which the Permittee received a waste stream, a description and quantity of each waste stream in tons and cubic feet received at the facility, the method of treatment, storage, and/or disposal for each waste stream, a description of the waste minimization efforts undertaken, a description of the changes in volume and toxicity of waste actually received, any unusual occurrences, and the results of tank integrity assessments. This Annual Summary/Waste Minimization Report is prepared in accordance with Section 2.13.3 of Permit Number NEV HW0101, issued 10/17/10.

,

2013-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

465

Addition of Bevacizumab to Standard Radiation Therapy and Daily Temozolomide Is Associated With Minimal Toxicity in Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma Multiforme  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To determine the safety of the addition of bevacizumab to standard radiation therapy and daily temozolomide for newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Methods and Materials: A total of 125 patients with newly diagnosed GBM were enrolled in the study, and received standard radiation therapy and daily temozolomide. All patients underwent a craniotomy and were at least 2 weeks postoperative. Radiation therapy was administered in 1.8-Gy fractions, with the clinical target volume for the primary course treated to a dose of 45 to 50.4 Gy, followed by a boost of 9 to 14.4 Gy, to a total dose of 59.4 Gy. Patients received temozolomide at 75 mg/m{sup 2} daily throughout the course of radiation therapy. Bevacizumab was given at 10 mg/kg intravenously every 14 days, beginning a minimum of 4 weeks postoperatively. Results: Of the 125 patients, 120 (96%) completed the protocol-specified radiation therapy. Five patients had to stop the protocol therapy, 2 patients with pulmonary emboli, and 1 patient each with a Grade 2 central nervous system hemorrhage, Grade 4 pancytopenia, and wound dehiscence requiring surgical intervention. All 5 patients ultimately finished the radiation therapy. After radiation therapy, 3 patients had progressive disease, 2 had severe fatigue and decreased performance status, 1 patient had a colonic perforation, and 1 had a rectal fissure; these 7 patients therefore did not proceed with the protocol-specified adjuvant temozolomide, bevacizumab, and irinotecan. However, 113 patients (90%) were able to continue on study. Conclusions: The addition of bevacizumab to standard radiation therapy and daily temozolomide was found to be associated with minimal toxicity in patients newly diagnosed with GBM.

Vredenburgh, James J., E-mail: vrede001@mc.duke.edu [Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Desjardins, Annick [Department of Neurology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Kirkpatrick, John P. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Reardon, David A. [Department of Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Department of Pediatrics, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Peters, Katherine B. [Department of Neurology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Herndon, James E.; Marcello, Jennifer [Department of Cancer Center Biostatistics, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Bailey, Leighann; Threatt, Stevie; Sampson, John; Friedman, Allan [Department of Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Friedman, Henry S. [Department of Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Department of Pediatrics, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Optimal Planning of a Load Transfer Substation Pair between Two Normally Closed-Loop Feeders Considering Minimization of System Power Losses Using a Genetic Algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes an effective approach for planning a load transfer substation pair(LTSP) between two normally closed-loop feeders considering minimization of system power losses. Firstly, the annual equivalent load of each load point is calculated. ... Keywords: distribution feeder, normally closed-loop feeder, distribution substation, genetic algorithm, power losses

Wei-Tzer Huang; Kai-chao Yao; Shiuan-Tai Chen; Hsiau-Hsian Nien; Deng-Chung Lin; Po-Tung Huang

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

An exact method to find a circle passing through two points and minimizing the maximal weighted distance to a set of points  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes an optimal algorithm to solve a circuit design problem. We consider the constrained minimax problem to find a circle which minimizes the maximal weighted distance to a set of points passing through two given points. The problem is ... Keywords: Location of a circle, Minimax problem

Seonjeong Lee; Dongyung Kim; Dongwoo Sheen

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Join Shell and Purdue for a series of discussions that will explore preventative measures to minimize risk of oil spills, the future of natural gas infrastructure, and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to minimize risk of oil spills, the future of natural gas infrastructure, and the challenges we face in our-deepwater Exploration" 10:30am ­ 11:30am Panel Discussion: "Natural Gas and the Logistics of Changing Infrastructures ENERGY DAY A Symposium on the New Frontiers in Oil and Natural Gas Exploration #12;

469

Observed Asymptotic Differences in Energies of Stable and Minimal Point Configurations on $\\mathbb{S}^2$ and the Role of Defects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Observations suggest that configurations of points on a sphere that are stable with respect to a Riesz potential distribute points uniformly over the sphere. Further, these stable configurations have a local structure that is largely hexagonal. Minimal configurations differ from stable configurations in the arrangement of defects within the hexagonal structure. This paper reports the asymptotic difference between the average energy of stable states and the lowest reported energies. We use this to infer the energy scale at which defects in the hexagonal structure are manifest. We report results for the Riesz potentials for s=0, s=1, s=2 and s=3. Additionally we compare existing theory for the asymptotic expansion in N of the minimal $N$-point energy with experimental results. We report a case of two distinct stable states that have the same Voronoi structure. Finally, we report the observed growth of the number of stable states as a function of N.

M. Calef; W. Griffiths; A. Schulz; C. Fichtl; D. Hardin

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Implementing waste minimization at an active plutonium processing facility: Successes and progress at technical area (TA) -55 of the Los Alamos National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

The Los Alamos National Laboratory has ongoing national security missions that necessitate increased plutonium processing. The bulk of this activity occurs at Technical Area -55 (TA-55), the nations only operable plutonium facility. TA-55 has developed and demonstrated a number of technologies that significantly minimize waste generation in plutonium processing (supercritical CO{sub 2}, Mg(OH){sub 2} precipitation, supercritical H{sub 2}O oxidation, WAND), disposition of excess fissile materials (hydride-dehydride, electrolytic decontamination), disposition of historical waste inventories (salt distillation), and Decontamination & Decommissioning (D&D) of closed nuclear facilities (electrolytic decontamination). Furthermore, TA-55 is in the process of developing additional waste minimization technologies (molten salt oxidation, nitric acid recycle, americium extraction) that will significantly reduce ongoing waste generation rates and allow volume reduction of existing waste streams. Cost savings from reduction in waste volumes to be managed and disposed far exceed development and deployment costs in every case. Waste minimization is also important because it reduces occupational exposure to ionizing radiation, risks of transportation accidents, and transfer of burdens from current nuclear operations to future generations.

Balkey, J.J.; Robinson, M.A.; Boak, J.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Development of inexpensive continuous emission monitors for feedback control of combustion devices that minimize greenhouse gases, toxic emissions, and ozone damaging products  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of a three-year, Laboratory Directed Research and Development project at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. Combustion is the major cause of poor urban air quality, of depletion of the ozone layer, and a major source of the greenhouse gas, carbon dioxide. Careful control of combustor conditions is important for minimizing the effects of combustion on the environment. The authors have developed sensitive, inexpensive continuous emission monitors that will assist in direct feedback of turbine power systems and provide assurance to the public and the operators of the facilities that their facility emissions lie within the accepted bounds. These include a robust solid-state Fourier transform spectrometer for rapid gas analysis, based on the use of ferroelectric liquid crystal technology, and an infrared helium-neon probe for real time measurement of combustor air-to-fuel ratios.

Funk, D.J.; Moore, D.S. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (US); Mongia, R.K.; Tomita, E.; Hsu, F.K.; Talbot, L.; Dibble, R.W. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (US); Lovett, J. [Pratt and Whitney (US); Yamazaki, Akira [Tsukuba Univ. (Japan)

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

472