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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n2 h2s hg" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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1

Biogas Purification: H2S Removal using Biofiltration.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Biogas, composed principally of methane, has limited use in energy generation due to the presence of hydrogen sulphide (H2S). Biogas cannot be burned directly in… (more)

Fischer, Mary Elizabeth

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

H2S molecular beam passivation of Ge(001)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A fundamental issue regarding the introduction of high-mobility Ge channels in CMOS circuits is the electrical passivation of the interface with the high-k gate dielectric. In this paper, we investigate the passivation of p-Ge(001) using molecular H"2S. ... Keywords: H2S, High-µ semiconductors, Molecular beam epitaxy, Passivation

C. Merckling; Y. C. Chang; C. Y. Lu; J. Penaud; M. El-Kazzi; F. Bellenger; G. Brammertz; M. Hong; J. Kwo; M. Meuris; J. Dekoster; M. M. Heyns; M. Caymax

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Sensitive Detection of H2S Using Gold Nanoparticle Decorated Single-Walled Carbon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in large amounts in coal and natural gas processing, petroleum industries, biogas production, and sewage . The H2S and dry air gas flow rates were regulated by mass flow controllers (Alicat Scientific Incorpo sensitive conducto- metric gas nanosensors for H2S can be synthesized by electrodepositing gold

4

Retrofitting existing chemical scrubbers to biotrickling filters for H2S emission control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Retrofitting existing chemical scrubbers to biotrickling filters for H2S emission control David Gabriel* and Marc A. Deshusses Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, University required much larger reactor volumes than chemical scrubbers. We converted an existing full-scale chem

5

The Design and Implementation of Monitoring System for H2S Gas Volume Fraction with Virtual Instrument  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

H2S is a kind of poisonous gas that exist in oil, chemical production process. The detection of H2S plays an important role in mine, oil and gas exploration, production of chemical product, control of atmosphere environment. The monitoring system for ...

Wenlian Li; Chuanqing Liu; Yang Li; Fang Xiao

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Interaction of H2S with alpha-Fe2O3(0001) Surface  

SciTech Connect

The atomic-scale structural changes in an {alpha}-Fe2O3 (hematite) (0 0 0 1) surface induced by sulfidation and subsequent oxidation processes were studied by X-ray photoemission spectroscopy, LEED, and X-ray standing wave (XSW) measurements. Annealing the {alpha}-Fe2O3(0 0 0 1) with a H2S partial pressure of 1 x 10-7 Torr produced iron sulfides on the surface as the sulfur atoms reacted with the substrate Fe ions. The oxidation state of the substrate Fe changed from 3+ to 2+ as a result of the sulfidation. The XSW measured distance of the sulfur atomic-layer from the unrelaxed substrate oxygen layer was 3.16 Angstroms. The sulfide phase consisted of three surface domains identified by LEED. Formation of the two-dimensional FeS2 phase with structural parameters consistent with an outermost layer of (1 1 1) pyrite has been proposed. Atomic oxygen exposure oxidized the surface sulfide to a sulfate (SO{sup 2-}{sub 4}) and regenerated the {alpha}-Fe2O3(0 0 0 1) substrate, which was indicated by a (1 x 1) LEED pattern and the re-oxidization of Fe to 3+.

Kim,C.; Escuadro, A.; Bedzyk, M.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Chemical Engineering Journal 87 (2002) 101110 Co-treatment of H2S and toluene in a biotrickling filter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

regulations are forc- ing POTWs to treat their off-gases. In most cases, treatment is accomplished in caustic,7]. The contaminants are absorbed and de- graded by naturally occurring mixed cultures immobilized on the packing filter which pH is allowed to decrease as a result of sulfate accumulation. The H2S-free off-gas

8

Alkaline Biofiltration of H2S Odors A R M A N D O G O N Z A L E Z -S A N C H E Z , ,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and biogas production. Its distinct rotten eggs smell can be detected in air at levels lower than 1 ppbv. H2S biotreatment approach has been developed for the removal of H2S from biogas (10, 11). It consists of two steps

9

Atomic Data for Mercury (Hg)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Mercury (Hg) Homepage - Introduction Finding list Select element by name. Select element by atomic number. ... Atomic Data for Mercury (Hg). ...

10

Strong Lines of Mercury ( Hg )  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Mercury (Hg) Homepage - Introduction Finding list Select element by name. Select element by atomic number. ... Strong Lines of Mercury ( Hg ). ...

11

Supercritical N = 2 string theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The N=2 string is examined in dimensions above the critical dimension (D=4) in a linear dilaton background. We demonstrate that string states in this background propagate in a single physical time dimension, as opposed to two such dimensions present when the dilaton gradient vanishes in D=4. We also find exact solutions describing dynamical dimensional reduction and transitions from N=2 string theory to bosonic string theory via closed-string tachyon condensation.

Hellerman, Simeon

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

RSE Table N2.1 and N2.2. Relative Standard Errors for Tables N2.1 and N2.2  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

N2.1 and N2.2. Relative Standard Errors for Tables N2.1 and N2.2;" N2.1 and N2.2. Relative Standard Errors for Tables N2.1 and N2.2;" " Unit: Percents." " "," " "NAICS"," "," ","Residual","Distillate",,"LPG and",,"Coke"," " "Code(a)","Subsector and Industry","Total","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(b)","Natural Gas(c)","NGL(d)","Coal","and Breeze","Other(e)" ,,"Total United States" , 311,"Food",6,0,8,0,0,0,0,7 312,"Beverage and Tobacco Products",10,0,82,0,0,0,0,9 313,"Textile Mills",19,0,77,3,20,0,0,48 314,"Textile Product Mills",38,0,0,38,27,0,0,42

13

Cd-Hg (Cadmium - Mercury)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cd-Hg crystallographic data...0 to 37 hP 2 P 6 3 / mmc Ï? 42 to 94 tI 2 I 4/ mmm Ï?â?² 47 to 56 tI 6 I 4/ mmm Ï?â?³ 71 to 81 tI 6 I 4/ mmm (αHg) (a) 98 to 100 hR 1 R m (βHg) (b) ~100 tI 2 I 4/ mmm (a) From -38.8290

14

Critical phenomena in N=2* plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use gauge theory/string theory correspondence to study finite temperature critical behaviour of mass deformed N=4 SU(N) supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory at strong coupling, also known as N=2* gauge theory. For certain range of the mass parameters, N=2* plasma undergoes a second-order phase transition. We compute all the static critical exponents of the model and demonstrate that the transition is of the mean-field theory type. We show that the dynamical critical exponent of the model is z=0, with multiple hydrodynamic relaxation rates at criticality. We point out that the dynamical critical phenomena in N=2* plasma is outside the dynamical universality classes established by Hohenberg and Halperin.

A. Buchel; C. Pagnutti

2010-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

15

N2Solar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

N2Solar N2Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name N2Solar LLC Address 2855 E. Robidoux Rd. Place Sandy, Utah Zip 84093 Sector Solar Product HOE Solar performance optics for PV, CSP, Desal and UV water treatment Year founded 2003 Number of employees 1-10 Phone number 801 608 3180 Coordinates 40.601751°, -111.811322° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.601751,"lon":-111.811322,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

16

Bulk viscosity of N=2* plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use gauge theory/string theory correspondence to study the bulk viscosity of strongly coupled, mass deformed SU(N_c) N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills plasma, also known as N=2^* gauge theory. For a wide range of masses we confirm the bulk viscosity bound proposed in arXiv:0708.3459. For a certain choice of masses, the theory undergoes a phase transition with divergent specific heat c_V ~ |1-T_c/T|^(-1/2). We show that, although bulk viscosity rapidly grows as T -> T_c, it remains finite in the vicinity of the critical point.

Alex Buchel; Chris Pagnutti

2008-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

17

Microsoft Word - HgAcBr  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

August 2013 August 2013 Quantification of the Mercury Adsorption Mechanism on Brominated Activated Carbon The primary anthropogenic source of mercury (Hg) emissions into the atmosphere is coal- fired power utilities. This work explores materials designed for Hg capture to be applied in the ductwork of a power plant to prevent Hg release into the atmosphere. Bench-scale com- bustion experiments have been carried out, in which sorbent materials were placed in a simulated flue gas stream doped with ppb levels of Hg. The sorbent surfaces were probed using x-ray absorption spectroscopy to determine the mechanism of Hg binding and to ultimately improve solvent design. The spectroscopy data was analyzed alongside results from density functional theory (DFT) for benchmarking so that DFT can be used as a

18

Seasonal variations in N2O emissions from central California  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Seasonal variations in N2O emissions from central California Seasonal variations in N2O emissions from central California Title Seasonal variations in N2O emissions from central California Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2012 Authors Jeong, Seongeun, Chuanfeng Zhao, Arlyn E. Andrews, Edward J. Dlugokencky, Colm Sweeney, Laura Bianco, James M. Wilczak, and Marc L. Fischer Journal Geophysical Research Letters Volume 39 Issue 16 Keywords atmospheric transport, inverse modeling, nitrous oxide Abstract We estimate nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from Central California for the period of December 2007 through November 2009 by comparing N2O mixing ratios measured at a tall tower (Walnut Grove, WGC) with transport model predictions based on two global a priori N2O emission models (EDGAR32 and EDGAR42). Atmospheric particle trajectories and surface footprints are computed using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) and Stochastic Time-Inverted Lagrangian Transport (STILT) models. Regression analyses show that the slopes of predicted on measured N2O from both emission models are low, suggesting that actual N2O emissions are significantly higher than the EDGAR inventories for all seasons. Bayesian inverse analyses of regional N2O emissions show that posterior annual N2O emissions are larger than both EDGAR inventories by factors of 2.0 ± 0.4 (EDGAR32) and 2.1 ± 0.4 (EDGAR42) with seasonal variation ranging from 1.6 ± 0.3 to 2.5 ± 0.4 for an influence region of Central California within approximately 150 km of the tower. These results suggest that if the spatial distribution of N2O emissions in California follows the EDGAR emission models, then actual emissions are 2.7 ± 0.5 times greater than the current California emission inventory, and total N2O emissions account for 8.1 ± 1.4% of total greenhouse gas emissions from California.

19

Microsoft Word - HgAcBr  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(AC-Br) (DARCO Hg- LH, Norit Americas Inc.) and brominated activated carbon fibers (ACF-Br) (Illinois State Geological Survey and University of Illinois). The AC-Br sorbents...

20

N=2 Conformal Supergravity from Twistor-String Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A chiral superfield strength in N=2 conformal supergravity at linearized level is obtained by acting two superspace derivatives on N=4 chiral superfield strength which can be described in terms of N=4 twistor superfields. By decomposing SU(4)_R representation of N=4 twistor superfields into the SU(2)_R representation with an invariant U(1)_R charge, the surviving N=2 twistor superfields contain the physical states of N=2 conformal supergravity. These N=2 twistor superfields are functions of homogeneous coordinates of weighted complex projective space WCP^{3|4} where the two weighted fermionic coordinates have weight -1 and 3.

Changhyun Ahn

2004-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n2 h2s hg" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Effective superpotential and partial breaking of N=2 supersymmetry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the effective superpotential of N=2, U(N) gauge model where N=2 supersymmetry is spontaneously broken to N=1. By the computation of loop diagrams, we obtain a formula for the effective superpotential which is deformed from the well-known form of the effective superpotential of N=1, U(N) gauge model with a tree level superpotential.

Kazunobu Maruyoshi

2007-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

22

$N=2$ Supersymmetric Integrable Models and Topological Field Theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

These lectures review some of the basic properties of $N=2$ superconformal field theories and the corresponding topological field theories. One of my basic aims is to show how the techniques of topological field theory can be used to compute effective \\LG potentials for perturbed $N=2$ superconformal field theories. In particular, I will briefly discuss the application of these ideas to $N=2$ supersymmetric quantum integrable models. (Lectures given at the Summer School on High Energy Physics and Cosmology, Trieste, Italy, June 15th -- July 3rd, 1992. To appear in the proceedings.)

Warner, Nicholas P

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Mechanism of terahertz photoconductivity in semimetallic HgTe/CdHgTe quantum wells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Terahertz photoconductivity in magnetic fields in semimetallic HgTe/CdHgTe quantum wells has been studied. The main contribution to photoconductivity comes from a signal that appears as a result of electron-gas heating. It is shown that, with the cyclotron resonance conditions satisfied, the photoconductivity signal is composed of cyclotron-resonance and bolometric components. However, in this case too, the bolometric contribution predominates.

Vasilyev, Yu. B., E-mail: yu.vasilyev@mail.ioffe.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute (Russian Federation); Mikhailov, N. N. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Rzhanov Institute of Semiconductor Physics, Siberian Branch (Russian Federation); Gouider, F. [Institut fuer Angewandte Physik (Germany); Vasilyeva, G. Yu. [St. Petersburg State Polytechnic University (Russian Federation); Nachtwei, G. [Institut fuer Angewandte Physik (Germany)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

24

Lepton Mixing Predictions from Delta(6n^2) Family Symmetry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We obtain predictions of lepton mixing parameters for direct models based on Delta(6n^2) family symmetry groups for arbitrarily large n in which the full Klein symmetry is identified as a subgroup of the family symmetry. After reviewing and developing the group theory associated with Delta(6n^2), we find many new candidates for large n able to yield reactor angle predictions within 3 sigma of recent global fits. We show that such Delta(6n^2) models with Majorana neutrinos predict trimaximal mixing with reactor angle theta_{13} fixed up to a discrete choice, an oscillation phase of either zero or pi and the atmospheric angle sum rules theta_{23}=45 degrees -/+ theta_{13}/sqrt{2}, respectively, which are consistent with recent global fits and will be tested in the near future.

King, Stephen F; Stuart, Alexander J

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Lepton Mixing Predictions from Delta(6n^2) Family Symmetry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We obtain predictions of lepton mixing parameters for direct models based on Delta(6n^2) family symmetry groups for arbitrarily large n in which the full Klein symmetry is identified as a subgroup of the family symmetry. After reviewing and developing the group theory associated with Delta(6n^2), we find many new candidates for large n able to yield reactor angle predictions within 3 sigma of recent global fits. We show that such Delta(6n^2) models with Majorana neutrinos predict trimaximal mixing with reactor angle theta_{13} fixed up to a discrete choice, an oscillation phase of either zero or pi and the atmospheric angle sum rules theta_{23}=45 degrees -/+ theta_{13}/sqrt{2}, respectively, which are consistent with recent global fits and will be tested in the near future.

Stephen F. King; Thomas Neder; Alexander J. Stuart

2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

26

Antisocial Modernism: H.G. Wells, Dorothy Richardson, Wyndham Lewis.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Antisocial Modernism: H.G. Wells, Dorothy Richardson, Wyndham Lewis argues that the fiction of the British modernists H.G. Wells, Dorothy Richardson, and Wyndham Lewis comprises a… (more)

Innes, Kelly

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Dipole Bands in {sup 196}Hg  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High spin states in {sup 196}Hg have been populated in the {sup 198}Pt({alpha},6n) reaction at 65 MeV and the level scheme has been extended. A new dipole band has been observed and a previously observed dipole has been confirmed. Excitation energies, spins and parities of these bands were determined from DCO ratio and linear polarization measurements. Possible quasiparticle excitations responsible for these structures are discussed.

Lawrie, J. J.; Lawrie, E. A.; Newman, R. T.; Sharpey-Schafer, J. F.; Smit, F. D. [iThemba LABS, PO Box 722, Somerset West 7129 (South Africa); Msezane, B. [iThemba LABS, PO Box 722, Somerset West 7129 (South Africa); Physics Department, University of Zululand, Private Bag X1001, Kwadlangezwa 3886 (South Africa); Benatar, M.; Mabala, G. K.; Mutshena, K. P. [iThemba LABS, PO Box 722, Somerset West 7129 (South Africa); Physics Department, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch 7700 (South Africa); Federke, M.; Mullins, S. M. [Physics Department, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch 7700 (South Africa); Ncapayi, N. J.; Vymers, P. [iThemba LABS, PO Box 722, Somerset West 7129 (South Africa); Physics Department, University of the Western Cape, Private Bag X17, Belleville 7535 (South Africa)

2011-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

28

MERIT Hg System Testing V.B. Graves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OF ENERGY Syringe Statistics · 30hp / 4000psi / 12.9gpm hydraulic pump · 40 gal vegetable-oil based Hg Delivery System · Syringe pump · Hydraulic power unit w/control system · Optical diagnostic system OF ENERGY Syringe Pump System · Primary containment - Hg-wetted components - Capacity 23liters Hg (~760 lbs

McDonald, Kirk

29

On Type IIA geometries dual to N = 2 SCFTs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We provide explicit solutions of Type IIA supergravity which are believed to be dual to N = 2 superconformal four dimensional gauge theories. These explicit solutions are based on the general ansatz for such a type of backgrounds introduced by Gaiotto and Maldacena.

R. A. Reid-Edwards; B. Stefanski jr

2010-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

30

Process of .sup.196 Hg enrichment  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A simple rate equation model shows that by increasing the length of the photochemical reactor and/or by increasing the photon intensity in said reactor, the feedstock utilization of .sup.196 Hg will be increased. Two preferred embodiments of the present invention are described, namely (1) long reactors using long photochemical lamps and vapor filters; and (2) quartz reactors with external UV reflecting films. These embodiments have each been constructed and operated, demonstrating the enhanced utilization process dictated by the mathematical model (also provided).

Grossman, Mark W. (Belmont, MA); Mellor, Charles E. (Salem, MA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

A SEMI-INFINITE CONSTRUCTION OF UNITARY N =2 MODULES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that each unitary representation of the N = 2 superVirasoro algebra can be realized in terms of “collective excitations” over a filled Dirac sea of fermionic operators satisfying a generalized exclusion principle. These are semi-infinite forms in the modes of one of the fermionic currents. The constraints imposed on the fermionic operators have a counterpart in the form of a model one-dimensional lattice system, studying which allows us to prove the existence of a remarkable monomial basis in the semi-infinite space. This leads to a Rogers–Ramanujan-like character formula. We construct the N = 2 action on the semi-infinite space using a filtration by finite-dimensional subspaces (the structure of which is related to the supernomial coefficients); the main technical tool is provided by the dual functional realization. As an application, we identify the coinvariants with the dual to a space of meromorphic functions on products of punctured Riemann surfaces with a prescribed behaviour on multiple diagonals. For products of punctured CP¹, such spaces are related to the unitary N =2 fusion algebra, for which we also give an independent derivation.

B. L. Feigin; A. M. Semikhatov; I. Yu. Tipunin

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Hg Anomalies In Soils- A Geochemical Exploration Method For Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hg Anomalies In Soils- A Geochemical Exploration Method For Geothermal Hg Anomalies In Soils- A Geochemical Exploration Method For Geothermal Areas Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Hg Anomalies In Soils- A Geochemical Exploration Method For Geothermal Areas Details Activities (5) Areas (5) Regions (0) Abstract: Hg contents of soils in geothermal areas in the western U.S. were measured and a three-fold distribution was observed: peak, aureole and background. Peak values (up to several 100 ppm Hg) occur in fumaroles of vapour-dominated systems, around hot springs, and in zones overlying steeply dipping, hot-water aquifers. Aureoic values (up to several 100 ppb Hg) are found in zones surrounding the peak areas and delineate areas with shallow geothermal convection. Background values vary between 7 and 40 ppb

33

N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories and quantum integrable systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories on the product of a two-sphere and a cylinder. We show that the low-energy dynamics of a BPS sector of such a theory is described by a quantum integrable system, with the Planck constant set by the inverse of the radius of the sphere. If the sphere is replaced with a hemisphere, then our system reduces to an integrable system of the type studied by Nekrasov and Shatashvili. In this case we establish a correspondence between the effective prepotential of the gauge theory and the Yang-Yang function of the integrable system.

Yuan Luo; Meng-Chwan Tan; Junya Yagi

2013-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

34

N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories and quantum integrable systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories on the product of a two-sphere and a cylinder. We show that the low-energy dynamics of a BPS sector of such a theory is described by a quantum integrable system, with the Planck constant set by the inverse of the radius of the sphere. If the sphere is replaced with a hemisphere, then our system reduces to an integrable system of the type studied by Nekrasov and Shatashvili. In this case we establish a correspondence between the effective prepotential of the gauge theory and the Yang-Yang function of the integrable system.

Luo, Yuan; Yagi, Junya

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Fast selection of N-2 contingencies for online security assessment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a novel algorithm for selection of dangerous N-2 contingencies associated with line or generator failures. The algorithm is based on iterative filtering of the set of all possible double contingencies. It is certified to identify all the dangerous contingencies, and has the complexity comparable to the N-1 contingency screening. Tests performed on realistic model of Polish power grid with about 3000 buses show that only two iterations of algorithm allow one to certify the safety of 99.9% of all double contingencies, leaving only 0.1% of the most dangerous ones for direct analysis.

P. A. Kaplunovich; K. S. Turitsyn

2013-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

36

Hg System Operation Review MERIT Pre-Installation Review  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hydraulic pump · 40 gal vegetable-oil based hydraulic fluid · Hg flow rate 1.6liter/s (24.9gpm) · Piston System Description · Syringe pump · Hydraulic power unit w/control system · Optical diagnostic system Pre-Installation Review 30 Mar 2007 Syringe Pump System · Primary containment - Hg-wetted components

McDonald, Kirk

37

Formation of N2O and NO2 Across Conventional DeNOx SCR Catalysts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project investigated the formation of N2O and NO2 across conventional DeNOx selective catalytic reduction (SCR) catalysts. N2O is a particularly strong greenhouse gas, and both N2O and NO2 may adversely impact downstream processes. Additional data related to their formation or reduction across SCR catalysts is desirable.

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

38

NITROGEN -N2 MSDS (Document # 001040) PAGE 1 OF 10 MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in an emergency? 1. PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION CHEMICAL NAME; CLASS: NITROGEN - N2 LIQUEFIED NITROGEN N2, (CryogenicNITROGEN - N2 MSDS (Document # 001040) PAGE 1 OF 10 MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET Prepared to U ppm ppm ppm Nitrogen 7727-37-9 >99 % There are no specific exposure limits for Nitrogen. Nitrogen

Choi, Kyu Yong

39

Supersymmetric U(N) Gauge Model and Partial Breaking of N=2 Supersymmetry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review the construction of the N=2 U(N) gauge model and the analysis of vacua of the model. On the vacua, N=2 supersymmetry is spontaneously broken to N=1, and the gauge symmetry is broken to a product gauge group \\prod_{i=1}^n U(N_i). The masses of the supermultiplets appearing on the N=1 vacua are given. We provide a manifestly N=2 supersymmetric formulation of the U(N) gauge model coupled with N=2 hypermultiplets, and show that N=2 supersymmetry is partially broken down to N=1 spontaneously.

Kazuhito Fujiwara; Hiroshi Itoyama; Makoto Sakaguchi

2006-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

40

Synthesis and Optical Properties of NuTaN2: Potential Solar Cell Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Layered CuTaN2 was synthesized by an ion exchange reaction of CuI and NaTaN2 as previously reported. Based on the results of EDX analysis, the Cu:Ta ratio of the CuTaN2 sample was 1:1 within the overall errors when examining powders of +/-10% and no Na was detected. The crystal structure and thermal stability of CuTaN2 was accurately determined by Rietveld analysis of the powder X-ray Diffraction profile and by TGA analysis, respectively. CuTaN2 crystallizes in a rhombohedral structure with space group R-3mH as shown in [figure 1]. CuTaN2 possesses a band gap of 1.53(x) eV, which is in reasonable agreement with density functional theory calculations of Cu containing nitrides. Similar materials may be even better suited for solar cell application.

Yang, M.; Zakutayev, A.; Zhang, X.; Ginley, D.; DiSalvo, F.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n2 h2s hg" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Gas Turbine Overhaul Plan (GTOP) for 11N2, Version 1.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The GTOP ALSTOM11N2SC software enables users to plan, manage, and document major overhauls of Alstom Model GT11N2 simple cycle gas turbines and electric generators. The GTOP ALSTOM11N2SC software has been developed to aid the power industry with economic and efficient planning, scheduling and execution of major overhauls of Alstom Model GT11N2 simple cycle gas turbine generator units using computer-based techniques. This Gas Turbine Overhaul Plan (GTOP) is presented in a computerized format for use with...

2007-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

42

Laboratory Study of Premixed H2-Air and H2-N2-Air Flames in a...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Premixed H2-Air and H2-N2-Air Flames in a Low-Swirl Injector for Ultra-Low Emissions Gas Turbines Title Laboratory Study of Premixed H2-Air and H2-N2-Air Flames in a Low-Swirl...

43

RESEARCH ARTICLE Greenhouse gas emissions (CO2, CH4, and N2O) from several  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RESEARCH ARTICLE Greenhouse gas emissions (CO2, CH4, and N2O) from several perialpine and alpine investigated greenhouse gas emissions (CO2, CH4, and N2O) from reservoirs located across an altitude gradient in Switzerland. These are the first results of greenhouse gas emissions from reservoirs at high elevations

Wehrli, Bernhard

44

Central Charges in Non(anti)commutative N=2 Supersymmetric U(N) Gauge Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the central charge of the deformed N=(1,0) supersymmetry algebra in non(anti)commutative N=2 supersymmetric U(N) gauge theory. In the cases of N=1/2 superspace and N=2 harmonic superspace with the singlet deformation, we find that the central charge is deformed by the non(anti)commutative parameters but depends on the electric and magnetic charges. For generic deformation of N=2 harmonic superspace, we compute the O(C) correction to the central charges in the case of U(1) gauge group.

Katsushi Ito; Hiroaki Nakajima

2005-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

45

Recent Results on N=2,4 Supersymmetry with Lorentz Symmetry Violating  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work, we propose the N=2 and N=4 supersymmetric extensions of the Lorentz-breaking Abelian Chern-Simons term. We formulate the question of the Lorentz violation in 6 and 10 dimensions to obtain the bosonic sectors of $N=2-$ and $N=4-$ supersymmetries, respectively. From this, we carry out an analysis in N=1, D=4 superspace and, in terms of $N=1-$ superfields, we are able to write down the N=2 and N=4 supersymmetric extensions of the Lorentz-violating action term.

Wander G. Ney; J. A. Helayel-Neto; Wesley Spalenza

2005-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

46

On-line method of determining utilization factor in Hg-196 photochemical separation process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is directed to a method for determining the utilization factor [U] in a photochemical mercury enrichment process (.sup.196 Hg) by measuring relative .sup.196 Hg densities using absorption spectroscopy.

Grossman, Mark W. (Belmont, MA); Moskowitz, Philip E. (Peabody, MA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Electrophysical properties of semimagnetic solid solutions Hg 1?x Mn x Te  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A comprehensive study of the electrophysical properties of the semimagnetic ternary solid solution Hg 1?x Mn x Te an alternative material to Hg 1?x Cd x Te is reported. The charge-carrier scattering

I. M. Nesmelova; V. N. Ryzhkov; M. I. Ibragimova; V. Yu. PetukhovKazan Physicotechnical Institute, Kazan Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Kazan?420029, Russia

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

N = (2, 2) Non-Linear sigma-Models: A Synopsis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review N=(2,2) supersymmetric non-linear sigma-models in two dimensions and their relation to generalized Kahler and Calabi-Yau geometry. We illustrate this with an explicit non-trivial example.

Alexander Sevrin; Daniel C. Thompson

2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

49

A family of complete caps in PG(n,2) - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

P. Lisonek, M. Khatirinejad, A family of complete caps in PG(n,2). Designs, Codes and Cryptography 35 (2005), 259-270. We give a combinatorial construction of ...

50

Crystal Growth And Characterization of the Model High-Temperature Superconductor HgBa{sub 2}CuO{sub 4+{delta}}  

SciTech Connect

Since the discovery of high-transition-temperature (T{sub c}) superconductivity in La{sub 2-x}Ba{sub x}CuO{sub 4} in 1986, the study of the lamellar copper oxides has remained at the forefront of condensed matter physics. Apart from their unusually high values of T{sub c}, these materials also exhibit a variety of complex phenomena and phases. This rich behavior is a consequence of the lamellar crystal structures, formed of copper-oxygen sheets separated by charge reservoir layers, and of the strong electron-electron correlations in the copper-oxygen sheets. After two decades of intensive research, which has stimulated many valuable new insights into correlated electron systems in general, there remains a lack of consensus regarding the correct theory for high-T{sub c} superconductivity. The ultimate technological goal of room-temperature superconductivity might only be attained after the development of a deeper understanding of the mercury-based compounds HgBa{sub 2}Ca{sub n-1}Cu{sub n}OI{sub 2n+2+{delta}}, which currently exhibit the highest T{sub c}values. One very important issue in this regard is the role of electronic versus chemical and structural inhomogeneities in these materials, and the associated need to separate material-specific properties from those that are essential to superconductivity. Unfortunately, there has been remarkably little scientific work on the mercury-based compounds because sizable crystals have not been available; quantitative measurements of any kind would be invaluable benchmarks for testing the theories of high-T{sub c} superconductivity. The compounds HgBa{sub 2}Ca{sub n-1}Cu{sub n}OI{sub 2n+2+{delta}} can be viewed as model systems not only because of their record high-T{sub c} values, but also because of their high-symmetry crystal structures. Of particular interest is the simplest member of this materials family, HgBa{sub 2}CuO{sub 4+{delta}} (Hg1201), which possesses only one copper-oxygen sheet per unit cell (n = 1), as shown schematically in Figure 1a. The largest crystals obtained by previous growth methods do not exceed 1 mm{sup 3}, and hence are insufficient in size for detailed studies by many experimental techniques. Here we report a novel recipe for the growth of Hg1201 crystals as well as detailed sample characterization results, including initial inelastic magnetic neutron scattering data. We note that samples grown by the method described here have already enabled recent optical conductivity, inelastic X-ray scattering, and angle-resolved photoemission studies.

Zhao, Xudong; Yu, Guichuan; Cho, Yong-Chan; Chabot-Couture, Guillaume; Barisic, Neven; Bourges, Philippe; Kaneko, Nobuhisa; Li, Yuan; Lu, Li; Motoyama, Eugene M.; Vajk, Owen P.; Greven, Martin; /Stanford U., Appl. Phys. Dept. /SLAC, SSRL /Jilin U. /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Saclay /NIST, Wash., D.C.

2007-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

51

Shock-Tube Study of Methane Ignition with NO2 and N2O  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NOx produced during combustion can persist in the exhaust gases of a gas turbine engine in quantities significant to induce regulatory concerns. There has been much research which has led to important insights into NOx chemistry. One method of NOx reduction is exhaust gas recirculation. In exhaust gas recirculation, a portion of the exhaust gases that exit are redirected to the inlet air stream that enters the combustion chamber, along with fuel. Due to the presence of NOx in the exhaust gases which are subsequently introduced into the burner, knowledge of the effects of NOx on combustion is advantageous. Contrary to general NOx research, little has been conducted to investigate the sensitizing effects of NO2 and N2O addition to methane/oxygen combustion. Experiments were made with dilute and real fuel air mixtures of CH4/O2/Ar with the addition of NO2 and N2O. The real fuel air concentrations were made with the addition of NO2 only. The equivalence ratios of mixtures made were 0.5, 1 and 2. The experimental pressure range was 1 - 44 atm and the temperature range tested was 1177 – 2095 K. The additives NO2 and N2O were added in concentrations from 831 ppm to 3539 ppm. The results of the mixtures with NO2 have a reduction in ignition delay time across the pressure ranges tested, and the mixtures with N2O show a similar trend. At 1.3 atm, the NO2 831 ppm mixture shows a 65% reduction and shows a 75% reduction at 30 atm. The NO2 mixtures showed a higher decrease in ignition time than the N2O mixtures. The real fuel air mixture also showed a reduction. Sensitivity Analyses were performed. The two most dominant reactions in the NO2 mixtures are the reaction O+H2 = O+OH and the reaction CH3+NO2 = CH3O+NO. The presence of this second reaction is the means by which NO2 decreases ignition delay time, which is indicated in the experimental results. The reaction produces CH3O which is reactive and can participate in chain propagating reactions, speeding up ignition. The two dominant reactions for the N2O mixture are the reaction O+H2 = O+OH and, interestingly, the other dominant reaction is the reverse of the initiation reaction in the N2O-mechanism: O+N2+M = N2O+M. The reverse of this reaction is the direct oxidation of nitrous oxide. The O produced in this reaction can then speed up ignition by partaking in propagation reactions, which was experimentally observed.

Pemelton, John

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Model calculation of N2 Vegard-Kaplan band emissions in Martian dayglow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A model for N2 Vegard-Kaplan (VK) band (A^3Sigma_u^+ - X^1Sigma_g^+) emissions in Martian dayglow has been developed to explain the recent observations made by the Spectroscopy for Investigation of Characteristics of the Atmosphere of Mars (SPICAM) ultraviolet spectrograph aboard Mars Express. Steady state photoelectron fluxes and volume excitation rates have been calculated using the analytical yield spectra technique. Since interstate cascading is important for triplet states of N2, the population of any given level of N2 triplet states is calculated under statistical equilibrium considering direct excitation, cascading, and quenching effects. Relative population of all vibrational levels of each triplet state is calculated in the model. Line of sight intensities and height-integrated overhead intensities have been calculated for VK, first positive (B^3Pi_g - A^3Sigma_u^+), second positive (C^3Pi_u - B^3Pi_g), and Wu-Benesch (W^3Delta_u - B^3Pi_g) bands of N2. A reduction in the N2 density by a factor of 3 ...

Jain, Sonal Kumar

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Modern Records of Atmospheric Nitrous Oxide (N2O) and a 2000-year Ice-core  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Modern Records of Atmospheric Nitrous Oxide (N2O) and a 2000-year Ice-core Modern Records of Atmospheric Nitrous Oxide (N2O) and a 2000-year Ice-core Record from Law Dome, Antarctica Introduction This page provides an introduction and links to records of atmospheric nitrous oxide (N2O) over the last 2000 years, emphasizing large data bases each representing currently active stations. Records in recent decades (time period depending on location) have been obtained from samples of ambient-air at remote locations, which represent changing global atmospheric conditions rather than influences of local sources. The longer (2000-year) record is from the Law Dome ice core in Antarctica. The ice-core record has been merged with modern annual data from Cape Grim, Tasmania to provide a 2000-year time series of annual values. A spline function has been fit to the data to provide a continuous time series of

54

Enhancement of the steady state minority carrier lifetime in HgCdTe photodiode using ECR plasma hydrogenation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: HgCdTe, diffusion length, field effect transistor, hydrogenation, lifetime, mobility, photodiode

Han Jung; Hee Chul Lee; Choong-Ki Kim

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Synthesis and Characterization of CO- and H2S-Tolerant Electrocatalysts for PEM Fuel Cell  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The present state-of-art Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) technology is based on platinum (Pt) as a catalyst for both the fuel (anode) and air (cathode) electrodes. This catalyst is highly active but susceptible to poisoning by CO, which may be present in the H{sub 2}-fuel used or may be introduced during the fuel processing. Presence of trace amount of CO and H{sub 2}S in the H{sub 2}-fuel poisons the anode irreversibly and decreases the performance of the PEMFCs. In an effort to reduce the Pt-loading and improve the PEMFC performance, we propose to synthesize a number of Pt-based binary, ternary, and quaternary electrocatalysts using Ru, Mo, Ir, Ni, and Co as a substitute for Pt. By fine-tuning the metal loadings and compositions of candidate electrocatalysts, we plan to minimize the cost and optimize the catalyst activity and performance in PEMFC. The feasibility of the novel electrocatalysts will be demonstrated in the proposed effort with gas phase CO and H{sub 2}S concentrations typical of those found in reformed fuel gas with coal/natural gas/methanol feedstocks. In this work binary, ternary, and quaternary platinum-based electrocatalysts were synthesized for the purpose of lowering the cost and increasing the CO tolerance of the membrane electrode assembly (MEA) in the fuel cell. The metals Ru, Mo, W, Ir, Co and Se were alloyed with platinum on a carbon support using a modified reduction method. These catalysts were fabricated into MEAs and evaluated for electrical performance and CO tolerance with polarization experiments. The quaternary system Pt/Ru/Mo/Ir system is the most CO tolerant in the PEMFC and has a low total metal loading of 0.4 mg/cm{sup 2} in the electrode of the cell.

Shamsuddin Ilias

2006-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

56

Modeling Studies on the Transport of Benzene and H2S in CO2-Water Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

brines co-produced with crude oil (Zarrella et al. , 1967)brines co-produced with crude oil (Zarrella et al. , 1967)of Production Condensate Crude oil Crude oil Crude oil Crude

Zheng, L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

First-principles studies of H2S adsorption and dissociation on metal surfaces  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

rates are high enough to sustain the separation process at conditions relevant to gasification applications

Alfonso, D.R.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Modeling Studies on the Transport of Benzene and H2S in CO2-Water Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, reactive transport simulations were used to assess the mobilization and transport of organics with supercritical CO{sub 2} (SCC), and the co-injection and transport of H{sub 2}S with SCC. These processes were evaluated at conditions of typical storage reservoirs, and for cases of hypothetical leakage from a reservoir to an overlying shallower fresh water aquifer. Modeling capabilities were developed to allow the simulation of multiphase flow and transport of H{sub 2}O, CO{sub 2}, H{sub 2}S, as well as specific organic compounds (benzene), coupled with multicomponent geochemical reaction and transport. This included the development of a new simulator, TMVOC-REACT, starting from existing modules of the TOUGH2 family of codes. This work also included an extensive literature review, calculation, and testing of phase-partitioning properties for mixtures of the phases considered. The reactive transport simulations presented in this report are primarily intended to illustrate the capabilities of the new simulator. They are also intended to help evaluate and understand various processes at play, in a more qualitative than quantitative manner, and only for hypothetical scenarios. Therefore, model results are not intended as realistic assessments of groundwater quality changes for specific locations, and they certainly do not provide an exhaustive evaluation of all possible site conditions, especially given the large variability and uncertainty in hydrogeologic and geochemical parameter input into simulations. The first step in evaluating the potential mobilization and transport of organics was the identification of compounds likely to be present in deep storage formations, and likely to negatively impact freshwater aquifers if mobilized by SCC. On the basis of a literature review related to the occurrence of these organic compounds, their solubility in water and SCC, and their toxicity (as reflected by their maximum contaminant levels MCL), benzene was selected as a key compound for inclusion into numerical simulations. Note that considering additional organic compounds and/or mixtures of such compounds in the simulations was beyond the scope of this study, because of the effort required to research, calculate, and validate the phase-partitioning data necessary for simulations. The injection of CO{sub 2} into a deep saline aquifer was simulated, followed by modeling the leaching of benzene by SCC and transport of benzene to an overlying aquifer along a hypothetical leakage pathway. One- and two-dimensional models were set up for this purpose. The target storage formation was assumed to initially contain about 10{sup -4} ppm benzene. Model results indicate that: (1) SCC efficiently extracts benzene from the storage formation. (2) Assuming equilibrium, the content of benzene in SCC is roportional to the concentration of benzene in the aqueous and solid phases. (3) Benzene may co-migrate with CO{sub 2} into overlying aquifers if a leakage pathway is present. Because the aqueous solubility of benzene in contact with CO{sub 2} is lower than the aqueous solubility of CO{sub 2}, benzene is actually enriched in the CO{sub 2} phase as the plume advances. (4) For the case studied here, the resulting aqueous benzene concentration in the overlying aquifer is on the same order of magnitude as the initial concentration in the storage formation. This generic modeling study illustrates, in a semi-quantitative manner, the possible mobilization of benzene by SCC. The extent to which the mobilization of this organic compound evolves temporally and spatially depends on a large number of controlling parameters and is largely site specific. Therefore, for more 'truly' predictive work, further sensitivity studies should be conducted, and further modeling should be integrated with site-specific laboratory and/or field experimental data. The co-injection of H{sub 2}S with CO{sub 2} into a deep saline aquifer was also simulated. In addition, the model considered leakage of the supercritical CO{sub 2}+H{sub 2}S mixture along a preferential p

Zheng, L.; Spycher, N.; Xu, T.; Apps, J.; Kharaka, Y.; Birkholzer, J.T.

2010-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

59

Water vapour H2O 0.3 Hydrogen Sulphide H2S Traces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A system approach to biogas technology from "Biogas technology: a training manual for extension " (FAO/CMS, 1996) Components of a biogas system Biogas technology is a complete system in itself with its set objectives (cost effective production of energy and soil nutrients), factors such as microbes, plant design, construction materials, climate, chemical and microbial characteristics of inputs, and the inter-relationships among these factors. Brief discussions on each of these factors or subsystems are presented in this section. Biogas This is the mixture of gas produced by methanogenic bacteria while acting upon biodegradable materials in an anaerobic condition. Biogas is mainly composed of 50 to 70 percent methane, 30 to 40 percent carbon dioxide (CO2) and low amount of other gases as shown in Table 1.

Source Yadav

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

KINETICS OF DIRECT OXIDATION OF H2S IN COAL GAS TO ELEMENTAL SULFUR  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The direct oxidation of H{sub 2}S to elemental sulfur in the presence of SO{sub 2} is ideally suited for coal gas from commercial gasifiers with a quench system to remove essentially all the trace contaminants except H{sub 2}S. This direct oxidation process has the potential to produce a super clean coal gas more economically than both conventional amine-based processes and the hot-gas desulfurization using regenerable metal oxide sorbents followed by Direct Sulfur Recovery Process. The objective of this research is to support the near- and long-term process development efforts to commercialize this direct oxidation technology. The objectives of this research are to measure kinetics of direct oxidation of H{sub 2}S to elemental sulfur in the presence of a simulated coal gas mixture containing SO{sub 2}, H{sub 2}, and moisture, using 160-{micro}m C-500-04 alumina catalyst particles and a micro bubble reactor, and to develop kinetic rate equations and model the direct oxidation process to assist in the design of large-scale plants. This heterogeneous catalytic reaction has gaseous reactants such as H{sub 2}S and SO{sub 2}. However, this heterogeneous catalytic reaction has heterogeneous products such as liquid elemental sulfur and steam. To achieve the above-mentioned objectives, experiments on conversion of hydrogen sulfide into liquid elemental sulfur were carried out for the space time range of 1-6 milliseconds at 125-155 C to evaluate effects of reaction temperature, moisture concentration, reaction pressure on conversion of hydrogen sulfide into liquid elemental sulfur. Simulated coal gas mixtures consist of 70 v% hydrogen, 2,500-7,500-ppmv hydrogen sulfide, 1,250-3,750 ppmv sulfur dioxide, and 0-15 vol% moisture, and nitrogen as remainder. Volumetric feed rates of a simulated coal gas mixture to a micro bubble reactor are 100 cm{sup 3}/min at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. The temperature of the reactor is controlled in an oven at 125-155 C. The pressure of the reactor is maintained at 40-170 psia.

K.C. Kwon

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n2 h2s hg" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

KINETICS OF DIRECT OXIDATION OF H2S IN COAL GAS TO ELEMENTAL SULFUR  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The direct oxidation of H{sub 2}S to elemental sulfur in the presence of SO{sub 2} is ideally suited for coal gas from commercial gasifiers with a quench system to remove essentially all the trace contaminants except H{sub 2}S. This direct oxidation process has the potential to produce a super clean coal gas more economically than both conventional amine-based processes and the hot-gas desulfurization using regenerable metal oxide sorbents followed by Direct Sulfur Recovery Process. The objective of this research is to support the near- and long-term process development efforts to commercialize this direct oxidation technology. The objectives of this research are to measure kinetics of direct oxidation of H{sub 2}S to elemental sulfur in the presence of a simulated coal gas mixture containing SO{sub 2}, H{sub 2}, and moisture, using 160-{micro}m C-500-04 alumina catalyst particles and a micro bubble reactor, and to develop kinetic rate equations and model the direct oxidation process to assist in the design of large-scale plants. This heterogeneous catalytic reaction has gaseous reactants such as H{sub 2}S and SO{sub 2}. However, this heterogeneous catalytic reaction has heterogeneous products such as liquid elemental sulfur and steam. To achieve the above-mentioned objectives, experiments on conversion of hydrogen sulfide into liquid elemental sulfur were carried out for the space time range of 0.059-0.87 seconds at 125-155 C to evaluate effects of reaction temperature, H{sub 2}S concentration, reaction pressure, and catalyst loading on conversion of hydrogen sulfide into liquid elemental sulfur. Simulated coal gas mixtures consist of 62-78 v% hydrogen, 3,000-7,000-ppmv hydrogen sulfide, 1,500-3,500 ppmv sulfur dioxide, and 10 vol % moisture, and nitrogen as remainder. Volumetric feed rates of a simulated coal gas mixture to a micro bubble reactor are 50 cm{sup 3}/min at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. The temperature of the reactor is controlled in an oven at 125-155 C. The pressure of the reactor is maintained at 40-170 psia. The molar ratio of H{sub 2}S to SO{sub 2} in the bubble reactor is maintained at 2 for all the reaction experiment runs.

K.C. Kwon

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Modeling Studies on the Transport of Benzene and H2S in CO2-Water Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

characterization of produced water from four offshore oilOrganic matrix in produced water from the Osage-Skiatookfrom sulfide-rich produced water using gas chromatography/

Zheng, L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Influence of pp ions on pion absorption in H2 S. Jonsell,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Box 518, S-751 20 Uppsala, Sweden 2 Department of Nuclear and Reactor Physics, Royal Institute the strong-force aspects of the nuclear pion absorp- tion by the hydrogen nuclei. The present paper addresses of the standard weak interaction theory through comparisons of the predicted decay rate with experi- mental

64

High Temperature Electrochemical Polishing of H(2)S from Coal Gasification Process Streams.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An advanced process for the separation of hydrogen sulfide from coal gasification streams through an electrochemical membrane is being perfected. H{sub 2}S is removed from a synthetic gas stream, split into hydrogen, which enriches the exiting syngas, and sulfur, which is condensed downstream from an inert sweep gas stream. The process allows for continuous removal of H{sub 2}S without cooling the gas stream while allowing negligible pressure loss through the separator. Moreover, the process is economically attractive due to the elimination of the need for a Claus process for sulfur recovery. To this extent the project presents a novel concept for improving utilization of coal for more efficient power generation.

Winnick, J.

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

65

Evaluation of Thiosulfate as a Substitute for H2S in Sour Corrosion ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Environmentally Assisted Cracking of Carbon Steel in High Temperature Geothermal Well · Evaluation of the Susceptibility to Hydrogen Assisted Cracking in ...

66

Synthesis and Characterization of CO- and H2S-Tolerant Electrocatalysts for PEM Fuel Cell  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The present state-of-art Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) technology is based on platinum (Pt) as a catalyst for both the fuel (anode) and air (cathode) electrodes. This catalyst is highly active but susceptible to poisoning by CO, which may be present in the H{sub 2}-fuel used or may be introduced during the fuel processing. Presence of trace amount of CO and H{sub 2}S in the H{sub 2}-fuel poisons the anode irreversibly and decreases the performance of the PEMFCs. In an effort to reduce the Pt-loading and improve the PEMFC performance, we propose to synthesize a number of Pt-based binary, ternary, and quaternary electrocatalysts using Ru, Mo, Ir, Ni, and Co as a substitute for Pt. By fine-tuning the metal loadings and compositions of candidate electrocatalysts, we plan to minimize the cost and optimize the catalyst activity and performance in PEMFC. The feasibility of the novel electrocatalysts will be demonstrated in the proposed effort with gas phase CO and H{sub 2}S concentrations typical of those found in reformed fuel gas with coal/natural gas/methanol feedstocks. During this reporting period we used four Pt-based electrocatalysts (Pt/Ru/Mo/Se, Pt/Ru/Mo/Ir, Pt/Ru/Mo/W, Ptr/Ru/Mo/Co) in MEAs and these were evaluated for CO-tolerance with 20 and 100 ppm CO concentration in H{sub 2}-fuel. From current-voltage performance study, the catalytic activity was found in the increasing order of Pt/Ru/Mo/Ir > Pt/Ru/Mo/W > Pt/Ru/Mo/Co > Pt/Ru/MO/Se. From preliminary cost analysis it appears that could of the catalyst metal loading can reduced by 40% to 60% depending on the selection of metal combinations without compromising the fuel cell performance.

Shamsuddin Ilias

2006-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

67

Synthesis and Characterization of CO- and H2S-Tolerant Electrocatalysts for PEM Fuel Cell  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The present state-of-art Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) technology is based on platinum (Pt) as a catalyst for both the fuel (anode) and air (cathode) electrodes. This catalyst is highly active but susceptible to poisoning by CO, which may be present in the H{sub 2}-fuel used or may be introduced during the fuel processing. Presence of trace amount of CO and H{sub 2}S in the H{sub 2}-fuel poisons the anode irreversibly and decreases the performance of the PEMFCs. In an effort to reduce the Pt-loading and improve the PEMFC performance, we propose to synthesize a number of Pt-based binary, ternary, and quaternary electrocatalysts using Ru, Mo, Ir, Ni, and Co as a substitute for Pt. By fine-tuning the metal loadings and compositions of candidate electrocatalysts, we plan to minimize the cost and optimize the catalyst activity and performance in PEMFC. The feasibility of the novel electrocatalysts will be demonstrated in the proposed effort with gas phase CO and H{sub 2}S concentrations typical of those found in reformed fuel gas with coal/natural gas/methanol feedstocks. During this reporting period we synthesized several tri-metallic electrocatalysts catalysts (Pt/Ru/Mo, Pt/Ru/Ir, Pt/Ru/W, Ptr/Ru/Co, and Pt/Ru/Se on Vulcan XG72 Carbon) by ultrasonication method. These catalysts were tested in MEAs for CO tolerance at 20 and 100 ppm CO concentrations. From Galvonstatic study the catalytic activity was found in the order of: Pt/Ru/Mo/C > Pt/Ru/Ir/C > Pt/Ru/W/C > Ptr/Ru/Co/C > and Pt/Ru/Se. The catalysts performed very well at 20 ppm CO but at 100 ppm CO performance dropped significantly.

Shamsuddin Ilias

2005-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

68

Kinetics of Direct Oxidation of H2S in Coal Gas to Elemental Sulfur  

SciTech Connect

Removal of hydrogen sulfide (H{sub 2}S) from coal gasifier gas and sulfur recovery are key steps in the development of Department of Energy's (DOE's) advanced Vision 21 plants that produce electric power and clean transportation fuels with coal and natural gas. These Vision 21 plants will require highly clean coal gas with H{sub 2}S below 1 ppm and negligible amounts of trace contaminants such as hydrogen chloride, ammonia, alkali, heavy metals, and particulate. The conventional method of sulfur removal and recovery employing amine, Claus, and tail-gas treatment is very expensive. A second generation approach developed under DOE's sponsorship employs hot-gas desulfurization (HGD) using regenerable metal oxide sorbents followed by Direct Sulfur Recovery Process (DSRP). However, this process sequence does not remove trace contaminants and is targeted primarily towards the development of advanced integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) plants that produce electricity (not both electricity and transportation fuels). There is an immediate as well as long-term need for the development of cleanup processes that produce highly clean coal gas for next generation Vision 21 plants. To this end, a novel process is now under development at several research organizations in which the H{sub 2}S in coal gas is directly oxidized to elemental sulfur over a selective catalyst. Such a process is ideally suited for coal gas from commercial gasifiers with a quench system to remove essentially all the trace contaminants except H{sub 2}S. The direct oxidation of H{sub 2}S to elemental sulfur in the presence of SO{sub 2} is ideally suited for coal gas from commercial gasifiers with a quench system to remove essentially all the trace contaminants except H{sub 2}S. This direct oxidation process has the potential to produce a super clean coal gas more economically than both conventional amine-based processes and HGD/DSRP. The objectives of this research are to measure kinetics of direct oxidation of H{sub 2}S to elemental sulfur in the presence of a simulated coal gas mixture containing SO{sub 2}, H{sub 2}, and moisture, using 160-{micro}m C-500-04 alumina catalyst particles and 400 square cells/inch{sup 2}, {gamma}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}-wash-coated monolithic catalyst, and various reactors such as a micro packed-bed reactor, a micro bubble reactor, and a monolithic catalyst reactor, and to develop kinetic rate equations and model the direct oxidation process to assist in the design of large-scale plants. This heterogeneous catalytic reaction has gaseous reactants such as H{sub 2}S and SO{sub 2}. However, this heterogeneous catalytic reaction has heterogeneous products such as liquid elemental sulfur and steam.

K.C. Kwon

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Microsoft PowerPoint - AWMA2006_Hg Panel_FEELEY.ppt  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A&WMA's A&WMA's 99 th Annual Conference & Exhibition Hg Control Technology Panel June 23, 2006 New Orleans, Louisiana Thomas J. Feeley, III thomas.feeley@netl.doe.gov National Energy Technology Laboratory AWMA2006_Hg Panel_FEELEY Outline * Background * Phase II project update/Phase III project descriptions * BOP and related technical issues * Preliminary economic assessment * Byproduct-Hg issues/potential economic impacts * Conclusion AWMA2006_Hg Panel_FEELEY Mercury Control Technology Program Performance/Cost Objectives * Have technologies ready for commercial demonstration by: * 2007 that can reduce "uncontrolled" Hg emissions by 50-70% * 2010 for all coals that can reduce "uncontrolled" Hg emissions by +90% * Reduce cost by 25-50% compared to baseline cost

70

Microsoft Word - Updated netl Hg program white paper v.1 July2008...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

manages the premier mercury (Hg) research and development (R&D) program for coal- fired power generation facilities in the world. Working collaboratively with the U.S....

71

Safety Bulletin 2005-08: Safe Management of Mercury (Hg)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SAFETY & HEALTH SAFETY & HEALTH SAFETY & HEALTH BULLETIN Assistant Secretary for Environment, Safety & Health * U.S. Department of Energy * Washington, DC 20585 Safe Management of Mercury (Hg) DOE/EH-0697 Issue No. 2005-08 June 2005 PURPOSE This Bulletin provides information on a safety concern that may impact operations at Department of Energy (DOE) facilities. Specifically, the concern is the safe handling of mercury and mercury compounds. BACKGROUND Mercury is found in small amounts in thermometers, manometers, and barometers and in larger quantities at DOE facilities - ranging from amounts found in scientific equipment to tons in remediation waste at burial sites and hundreds of tons at the DOE stockpile storage facility in Oak Ridge.

72

Comparison Between Dust Particle Generation In CH4 or CH4/N2 Mixing RF Plasmas  

SciTech Connect

Dust particles have been spontaneously generated either in pure CH4 or in CH4/N2 r.f. plasmas. The dust particle formation results from homogeneous nucleation in the plasma and is detected by laser light scattering (Ar+, {lambda} = 514.5 nm). The temporal and spatial behaviour of dust particles is studied. In pure methane gas, particles are trapped in well defined clouds at the plasma sheath boundaries. In a CH4/N2 mixture, the nitrogen addition leads to an expansion of the clouds. For nitrogen contents higher than 50%, the space between the electrodes is nearly completely filled with dust particles leading to plasma instabilities and a void appears in the center of the discharge. The particles are spherical with diameters in the range 0.8-2 {mu}m. For nitrogen-rich plasmas, the particles growth is improved and leads to a rough shape with an orange-peel-type surface texture.

Pereira, Jeremy; Massereau-Guilbaud, Veronique; Geraud-Grenier, Isabelle; Plain, Andre [LASEP, Faculte des Sciences, Universite d'Orleans, Site de Bourges, rue G.Berger, BP 4043, 18028 Bourges Cedex (France)

2005-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

73

Mathematical Modeling to Study the Dynamics of A Diatomic Molecule N2 in Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the present work an attempt has been made to study the dynamics of a diatomic molecule N2 in water. The proposed model consists of Langevin stochastic differential equation whose solution is obtained through Euler's method. The proposed work has been concluded by studying the behavior of statistical parameters like variance in position, variance in velocity and covariance between position and velocity. This model incorporates the important parameters like acceleration, intermolecular force, frictional force and random force.

Sharma, Nitin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Achieving N-2 Contingency from a Virtual Power Plant (VPP): A Consolidated Edison Case Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Consolidated Edison commissioned EPRI to analyze the feasibility of a Virtual Power Plant (VPP) to enhance delivery reliability in the Jamaica service area. Currently, service can be maintained at peak demand without overloads under the loss of a single transformer (N-1). Consolidated Edison foresees benefits from increasing reliability to a higher level, N-2 reliability, but the cost of adding another transformer is high, perhaps in excess of $250 million. EPRI constructed several VPP configurations us...

2010-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

75

K-groups of the quantum homogeneous space $SU_{q}(n)/SU_{q}(n-2)$  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum Steiffel manifolds were introduced by Vainerman and Podkolzin in \\cite{VP}. They classified the irreducible representations of their underlying $C^*$-algebras. Here we compute the K groups of the quantum homogeneous spaces $SU_{q}(n)/SU_{q}(n-2), n\\ge 3$. Specializing to the case $n=3$ we show that the fundamental unitary for quantum $SU(3)$ is nontrivial and is a unimodular element in $K_1$.

Chakraborty, Partha Sarathi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

K-groups of the quantum homogeneous space $SU_{q}(n)/SU_{q}(n-2)$.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum Steiffel manifolds were introduced by Vainerman and Podkolzin in \\cite{VP}. They classified the irreducible representations of their underlying $C^*$-algebras. Here we compute the K groups of the quantum homogeneous spaces $SU_{q}(n)/SU_{q}(n-2), n\\ge 3$. Specializing to the case $n=3$ we show that the fundamental unitary for quantum $SU(3)$ is nontrivial and is a unimodular element in $K_1$.

Partha Sarathi Chakraborty; S. Sundar

77

Nested reactor chamber and operation for Hg-196 isotope separation process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is directed to an apparatus for use in .sup.196 Hg separation and its method of operation. Specifically, the present invention is directed to a nested reactor chamber useful for .sup.196 Hg isotope separation reactions avoiding the photon starved condition commonly encountered in coaxial reactor systems.

Grossman, Mark W. (Belmont, MA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Quantum N = 2 Supersymmetric Black Holes in the S-T Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider axion-free quantum corrected black hole solutions in the context of the heterotic S-T model with half the N=2, D=4 supersymmetries unbroken. We express the perturbatively corrected entropy in terms of the electric and magnetic charges in such a way, that target-space duality invariance is manifest. We also discuss the microscopic origin of particular quantum black hole configurations. We propose a microscopic interpretation in terms of a gas of closed membranes for the instanton corrections to the entropy.

Behrndt, K; Gaida, I

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

The free energy of N=2 supersymmetric AdS_4 solutions of M-theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that general N=2 supersymmetric AdS_4 solutions of M-theory with non-zero M2-brane charge admit a canonical contact structure. The free energy of the dual superconformal field theory on S^3 and the scaling dimensions of operators dual to supersymmetric wrapped M5-branes are expressed via AdS/CFT in terms of contact volumes. In particular, this leads to topological and localization formulae for the coefficient of N^{3/2} in the free energy of such solutions.

Maxime Gabella; Dario Martelli; Achilleas Passias; James Sparks

2011-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

80

Isotopic Analysis of N and O in Nitrite and Nitrate by Sequential Selective Bacterial Reduction to N2O  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

composition of NO2 - is linked to those of NO3 -, N2O, NH4 +, and N2 gas, the production or consumption in natural aquatic systems is poorly understood. Isotopic data can be used to study the sources independently, reproducible 15N and 18O values were obtained at both natural-abundance levels ((0.2-0.5 for 15N

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81

Simulation of Stratospheric N2O in the NCAR CCM2: Comparison with CLAES Data and Global Budget Analyses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Global variability and budgets of stratospheric nitrous oxide (N2O) are studied using output from a stratospheric version of the NCAR Community Climate Model. The model extends over 0–80 km, incorporating an N2O-like tracer with tropospheric ...

William J. Randel; Byron A. Boville; John C. Gille; Paul L. Bailey; Steven T. Massie; J. B. Kumer; J. L. Mergenthaler; A. E. Roche

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Inhomogeneous distribution of mercury on the surfaces of rapidly rotating HgMn stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Starspots are usually associated with the action of magnetic fields at the stellar surfaces. However, recently an inhomogeneous chemical distribution of mercury was found for the mercury-manganese (HgMn) star alpha And -- a well-established member of a non-magnetic subclass of the chemically peculiar stars of the upper main sequence. In this study we present first results of the high-resolution survey of the HgII 3984 resonance line in the spectra of rapidly rotating HgMn stars with atmospheric parameters similar to those of alpha And. We use spectrum synthesis modelling and take advantage of the Doppler resolution of the stellar surfaces to probe horizontal structure of mercury distribution. Clear signatures of spots are found in the HgII 3984 line profiles of HR 1185 and HR 8723. Two observations of the latter star separated by two days give evidence for the line profile variability. We conclude that inhomogeneous distribution of Hg is a common phenomenon for the rapidly rotating HgMn stars in the 13000--13800 K effective temperature range independently of the stellar evolutionary stage. These results establish existence of a new class of spectrum variable spotted B-type stars. It is suggested that the observed Hg inhomogeneities arise from dynamical instabilities in the chemical diffusion processes and are unrelated to magnetic phenomena.

O. Kochukhov; N. Piskunov; M. Sachkov; D. Kudryavtsev

2005-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

83

M31 PIXEL LENSING EVENT OAB-N2: A STUDY OF THE LENS PROPER MOTION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present an updated analysis of the M31 pixel lensing candidate event OAB-N2 previously reported by Calchi Novati et al. Here we take advantage of new data both astrometrical and photometrical. For astrometry: using archival 4 m KPNO and Hubble Space Telescope/WFPC2 data we perform a detailed analysis of the event source whose result, although not fully conclusive on the source magnitude determination, is confirmed by the following light curve photometry analysis. For photometry: first, unpublished WeCAPP data allow us to confirm OAB-N2, previously reported only as a viable candidate, as a well-constrained pixel lensing event. Second, this photometry enables a detailed analysis in the event parameter space including the effects due to a finite source size. The combined results of these analyses allow us to put a strong lower limit on the lens proper motion. This outcome favors the MACHO lensing hypothesis over self-lensing for this individual event and points the way toward distinguishing between the MACHO and self-lensing hypotheses from larger data sets.

Calchi Novati, S.; Bozza, V.; Mancini, L.; Scarpetta, G. [Dipartimento di Fisica 'E. R. Caianiello', Universita di Salerno, Via Ponte Don Melillo, 84084 Fisciano (Italy); Dall'Ora, M. [INAF-OAC, Naples (Italy); Gould, A. [Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University, 140 West 18th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Bruni, I.; Gualandi, R. [INAF-OAB, Bologna (Italy); De Paolis, F.; Ingrosso, G.; Strafella, F. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita del Salento, Via Arnesano, 73100 Lecce (Italy); Dominik, M. [SUPA, University of St. Andrews, School of Physics and Astronomy, North Haugh, St. Andrews, KY16 9SS (United Kingdom); Jetzer, Ph. [Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Zuerich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057 Zuerich (Switzerland); Nucita, A. [XMM-Newton Science Operations Centre, ESAC, ESA, P.O. Box 78, 28691 Villanueva de la Canada, Madrid (Spain); Sereno, M. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129 Torino (Italy)

2010-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

84

Of Mice and Men: Evolution and the Socialist Utopia. William Morris, H.G. Wells, and George Bernard Shaw*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Of Mice and Men: Evolution and the Socialist Utopia. William Morris, H.G. Wells, and George Bernard, and imagined a non-Malthusian future. H.G. Wells, an enthusiastic admirer of Morris in the early days of change he called ``creative evolution.'' Keywords: William Morris, H.G. Wells, G.B. Shaw, Malthus, August

Hale, Piers J.

85

The bioinorganic chemistry of N2S2 metal complexes: reactivity and ligating ability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

[N,N??-bis-(mercaptoethyl)-1,5-diazacyclooctanato]NiII, Ni-1, is known to undergo metallation reactions with numerous metals. [N,N??-bis-(mercaptoethyl)-1,5-diazacycloheptanato]NiII, (bme-dach)Ni or Ni-1??, differs from Ni-1 by one less carbon in its diazacycle backbone ring producing subtle differences in N2S2Ni geometry. Metallation of Ni-1?? with PdCl2, Pd(NO3)2, and NiBr2 produced three structural forms: Ni2Pd basket, Ni4Pd2 C4-paddlewheel, and Ni3 slant chair. In attempts to provide a rationale for the heterogeneity in the active site of Acetyl coA Synthase, metal ion capture studies of Ni-1 in methanol found a qualitative ranking of metal ion preference: Zn2+ copper some 15 orders of magnitude above nickel or zinc in binding affinity. Sulfur dioxide uptake by Ni-1?? is characterized by significant color change, improved adduct solubility, and reversible binding of two equivalents of SO2. These combined properties establish Ni-1?? as a suitable model for gas uptake at nickel thiolate sites and as a possibly useful chemical sensor for this poisonous gas. Comparisons of molecular structures,? ?(SO) stretching frequencies, and thermal gravimetric analyses are made to reported adducts including the diazacyclooctane derivative, Ni-1?2SO2. Visual SO2 detection limits of Ni-1 and Ni-1?? are established at 25 ppm and 100 ppm, respectively. Structural studies of products resulting from reaction at the nucleophilic S-sites of (bme-dach)Ni and [(bme-dach)Zn]2 included acetyl chloride and sodium iodoacetate as electrophiles are shown. The acetyl group is a natural electrophile important to the citric acid cycle. Acetylation of (bme-dach)Ni produces a five coordinate, paramagnetic species. Iodoacetate is a cysteine modification agent known to inhibit enzymatic activity. The reaction of (bme-dach)Ni and sodium iodoacetate yields a blue, six coordinate nickel complex in a N2S2O2 donor environment. The bismercaptodiazacycloheptane ligand binds lead(II) forming an unprecedented structural form of N2S2M dimers, in which Pb2+ is largely bound to sulfur in a highly distorted trigonal geometry. Its unusual structure is described in comparison to other derivatives of the bme-daco ligand. The synthesis and structural characterization of square pyramidal (bme-dach)GaCl are also given and compared to the analogous (bme-daco)GaCl.

Golden, Melissa Lynn

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

A Solid-State 199Hg NMR Study of Mercury Halides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

red polymorph) suggest that the mercury is in sites of cubicTable III. NMR Properties of Mercury Halide Nuclei a IsotopeState 199 Hg NMR Study of Mercury Halides R. E. Taylor 1 *,

Taylor, Robert E; Bai, Shi; Dybowski, Cecil

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

H.G. Rickover, 1964 | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

H.G. Rickover, 1964 The Enrico Fermi Award Fermi Award Home Nomination & Selection Guidelines Award Laureates 2000's 1990's 1980's 1970's 1960's 1950's Ceremony The Life of Enrico...

88

The N = 2 and N = 4 Supersymmetric Extensions of the Lorentz- and CPT-Violating Term in Abelian Gauge Theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work, we propose the N=2 and N=4 supersymmetric extensions of the Lorentz-breaking Abelian Chern-Simons term. We formulate the question of the Lorentz violation in 6 and 10 dimensions to obtain the bosonic sectors of N=2, and N=4, supersymmetries, respectively. From this, we carry out an analysis in N=1, D=4 superspace and, in terms of N=1, superfields, we are able to write down the N=2 and N=4 supersymmetric versions of the Lorentz-violating action term.

Wander G. Ney; J. A. Helayel-Neto; Wesley Spalenza

2004-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

89

Enhanced CO2/N2 Selectivity in Amidoxime-Modified Porous Carbon  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, we examine the use of the amidoxime functional group grafted onto a hierarchical porous carbon framework for the selective capture and removal of carbon dioxide from combustion streams. Measured CO2/N2 ideal selectivity values for the amidoxime-grafted carbon were significantly higher than the pristine porous carbon with improvements of 65%. Though the overall CO2 capacity decreased slightly for the activated carbon from 4.97 mmol g-1 to 4.24 mmol g-1 after surface modification due to a reduction in the total surface area, the isosteric heats of adsorption increased after amidoxime incorporation indicating an increased interaction of CO2 with the sorbent. Total capacity was reproducible and stable after multiple adsorption/desorption cycles with no loss of capacity suggesting that modification with the amidoxime group is a potential method to enhance carbon capture.

Mahurin, Shannon Mark [ORNL] [ORNL; Gorka, Joanna [ORNL] [ORNL; Nelson, Kimberly M [ORNL] [ORNL; Mayes, Richard T [ORNL] [ORNL; Dai, Sheng [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Logarithmic Corrections to N=2 Black Hole Entropy: An Infrared Window into the Microstates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Logarithmic corrections to the extremal black hole entropy can be computed purely in terms of the low energy data -- the spectrum of massless fields and their interaction. The demand of reproducing these corrections provides a strong constraint on any microscopic theory of quantum gravity that attempts to explain the black hole entropy. Using quantum entropy function formalism we compute logarithmic corrections to the entropy of half BPS black holes in N=2 supersymmetric string theories. Our results allow us to test various proposals for the measure in the OSV formula, and we find agreement with the measure proposed by Denef and Moore if we assume their result to be valid at weak topological string coupling. Our analysis also gives the logarithmic corrections to the entropy of extremal Reissner-Nordstrom black holes in ordinary Einstein-Maxwell theory.

Ashoke Sen

2011-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

91

The new barium zinc mercurides Ba{sub 3}ZnHg{sub 10} and BaZn{sub 0.6}Hg{sub 3.4} - Synthesis, crystal and electronic structure  

SciTech Connect

The title compounds Ba{sub 3}ZnHg{sub 10} and BaZn{sub 0.6}Hg{sub 3.4} were synthesized from stoichiometric ratios of the elements in Ta crucibles. Their crystal structures, which both represent new structure types, have been determined using single crystal X-ray data. The structure of Ba{sub 3}ZnHg{sub 10} (orthorhombic, oP28, space group Pmmn, a=701.2(3), b=1706.9(8), c=627.3(3)pm, Z=2, R1=0.0657) contains folded 4{sup 4} Hg nets, where the meshes form the bases of flat rectangular pyramids resembling the structure of BaAl{sub 4}. The flat pyramids are connected via Hg-Zn/Hg bonds, leaving large channels at the folds, in which Ba(1) and Hg(2) atoms alternate. Whereas the remaining Hg/Zn atoms form a covalent 3D network of three- to five-bonded atoms with short M-M distances (273-301 pm; CN 9-11), the Hg(2) atoms in the channels adopt a comparatively large coordination number of 12 and increased distances (317-348 pm) to their Zn/Hg neighbours. In the structure of BaZn{sub 0.6}Hg{sub 3.4} (cubic, cI320, space group I4{sup Macron }3d, a=2025.50(7) pm, Z=64, R1=0.0440), with a chemical composition not much different from that of Ba{sub 3}ZnHg{sub 10}, the Zn/Hg atoms of the mixed positions M(1/2) are arranged in an slightly distorted primitive cubic lattice with a 4 Multiplication-Sign 4 Multiplication-Sign 4 subcell relation to the unit cell. The 24 of the originating 64 cubes contain planar cis tetramers Hg(5,6){sub 4} with Hg in a nearly trigonal planar or tetrahedral coordination. In another 24 of the small cubes, two opposing faces are decorated by Hg(3,4){sub 2} dumbbells, two by Ba(2) atoms respectively. The third type of small cubes are centered by Ba(1) atoms only. The complex 3D polyanionic Hg/Zn network thus formed is compared with the Hg partial structure in Rb{sub 3}Hg{sub 20} applying a group-subgroup relation. Despite their different overall structures, the connectivity of the negatively charged Hg atoms, the rather metallic Zn bonding characteristic (as obtained from FP-LAPW band structure calculations) and the coordination number of 16 for all Ba cations relate the two title compounds. - Graphical abstract: Six of the 64 small sub-cubes of three types (A, B, C) forming the unit cell of the Hg-rich mercuride BaZn{sub 0.6}Hg{sub 3.4}. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Two new Hg-rich Ba mercurides, both synthesized from the elements in pure phase. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer BaZn{sub 0.6}HgG{sub 3.4} and Ba{sub 3}ZnHg{sub 10} with new complex structure types. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Structure relation to other complex cubic intermetallics. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Discussion of covalent and metallic bonding aspects, as found by the structure features and band structure calculations.

Schwarz, Michael; Wendorff, Marco [Institut fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, University of Freiburg, Albertstr. 21, D-79104 Freiburg (Germany)] [Institut fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, University of Freiburg, Albertstr. 21, D-79104 Freiburg (Germany); Roehr, Caroline, E-mail: caroline@ruby.chemie.uni-freiburg.de [Institut fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, University of Freiburg, Albertstr. 21, D-79104 Freiburg (Germany)] [Institut fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, University of Freiburg, Albertstr. 21, D-79104 Freiburg (Germany)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

92

High resolution n = 3 to n = 2 spectra of neon-like silver  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Spectra of the n = 3 to n = 2 transitions in neon-like silver emitted from the Princeton Large Torus have been recorded with a high-resolution Bragg-crystal spectrometer. The measurements cover the wavelength region 3.3 to 4.1 A and include the forbidden 3p ..-->.. 2p electric quadrupole lines. Transitions in the adjacent sodium-like, and aluminum-like charge states of silver have also been observed and identified. The Ly-..cap alpha.. spectra of hydrogen-like argon and iron, the K..cap alpha.. spectra of helium-like argon, potassium, manganese, and iron, and the K..beta.. spectrum of helium-like argon fall in the same wavelength region in first or second order and have been measured concurrently. These spectra provide a coherent set of wavelength reference data obtained with the same spectrometer and from the same tokamak. This set is used as a basis to compare wavelength predictions for one- and two-electron systems to each other and to determine the transition energies of the silver lines with great accuracy.

Beiersdorfer, P.; Bitter, M.; von Goeler, S.; Cohen, S.; Hill, K.W.; Timberlake, J.; Walling, R.S.; Chen, M.H.; Hagelstein, P.L.; Scofield, J.H.

1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Measurement of the 241Am (n, 2n) reaction cross section, by the activation method  

SciTech Connect

The measurement of the cross section of the reaction 241Am (n, 2n)240Am, has been performed, for the first time at neutron energies from 8.8, to 11.1MeV, by the activation method. The neutron beam was produced at the TANDEM accelerator of NCSR 'Demokritos', by the 2H (d,n)3 He reaction, using a deuterium gas target. During the 5-day long irradiation, the neutron beam fluctuations were monitored in 100 sec intervals by a BF3 counter connected with a multi-scaling unit. The radioactive target consisted of a 37GBq 241Am source enclosed in a Pb container. A natural Au foil, a 27Al foil and a 93Nb foil were used as reference materials for the neutron flux determination. After the end of the irradiation the activity induced at the target and the reference foils, was measured off-line by a 56 % HPGe detector.

Perdikakis, G. [Department of Physics, National Technical University of Athens (Greece); Institute of Nuclear Physics, NCSR ' Demokritos' , Athens (Greece); Papadopoulos, C. T.; Vlastou, R.; Kokkoris, M.; Patronis, N. [Department of Physics, National Technical University of Athens (Greece); Lagoyannis, A.; Spyrou, A.; Zarkadas, Ch.; Kalyva, G.; Kossionides, S. [Institute of Nuclear Physics, NCSR ' Demokritos' , Athens (Greece); Karamanis, D. [Department of Physics, School of Natural Sciences, University of Ioannina (Greece); Tsabaris, C. [Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, P.O. Box 712 Anavyssos (Greece)

2006-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

94

Five Intermediate-Period Planets from the N2K Sample  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report the detection of five Jovian mass planets orbiting high metallicity stars. Four of these stars were first observed as part of the N2K program and exhibited low RMS velocity scatter after three consecutive observations. However, follow-up observations over the last three years now reveal the presence of longer period planets with orbital periods ranging from 21 days to a few years. HD 11506 is a G0V star with a planet of \\msini = 4.74 \\mjup in a 3.85 year orbit. HD 17156 is a G0V star with a 3.12 \\mjup planet in a 21.2 day orbit. The eccentricity of this orbit is 0.67, one of the highest known for a planet with a relatively short period. The orbital period for this planet places it in a region of parameter space where relatively few planets have been detected. HD 125612 is a G3V star with a planet of \\msini = 3.5 \\mjup in a 1.4 year orbit. HD 170469 is a G5IV star with a planet of \\msini = 0.67 \\mjup in a 3.13 year orbit. HD 231701 is an F8V star with planet of 1.08 \\mjup in a 142 day orbit. All of these stars have supersolar metallicity. Three of the five stars were observed photometrically but showed no evidence of brightness variability. A transit search conducted for HD 17156 was negative but covered only 25% of the search space and so is not conclusive.

Debra A. Fischer; Steven S. Vogt; Geoffrey W. Marcy; R. Paul Butler; Bun'ei Sato; Gregory W. Henry; Sarah Robinson; Gregory Laughlin; Shigeru Ida; Eri Toyota; Masashi Omiya; Peter Driscoll; Genya Takeda; Jason T. Wright; John A. Johnson

2007-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

95

Preoperative Chemotherapy Versus Preoperative Chemoradiotherapy for Stage III (N2) Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To compare preoperative chemotherapy (ChT) and preoperative chemoradiotherapy (ChT-RT) in operable Stage III non-small-cell lung cancer. Methods and Materials: This retrospective study analyzed all patients with pathologically confirmed Stage III (N2) non-small-cell lung cancer who initiated preoperative ChT or ChT-RT at Duke University between 1995 and 2006. Mediastinal pathologic complete response (pCR) rates were compared using a chi-square test. The actuarial overall survival, disease-free survival, and local control were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared using the log-rank test. Multivariate Cox regression analysis was also performed. Results: A total of 101 patients who initiated preoperative therapy with planned resection were identified. The median follow-up was 20 months for all patients and 38 months for survivors. The mediastinal lymph nodes were reassessed after preoperative therapy in 88 patients (87%). Within this group, a mediastinal pCR was achieved in 35% after preoperative ChT vs. 65% after preoperative ChT-RT (p = 0.01). Resection was performed in 69% after ChT and 84% after ChT-RT (p = 0.1). For all patients, the overall survival, disease-free survival, and local control rate at 3 years was 40%, 27%, and 66%, respectively. No statistically significant differences were found in the clinical endpoints between the ChT and ChT-RT subgroups. On multivariate analysis, a mediastinal pCR was associated with improved disease-free survival (p = 0.03) and local control (p = 0.03), but not overall survival (p = 0.86). Conclusion: Preoperative ChT-RT was associated with higher mediastinal pCR rates but not improved survival.

Higgins, Kristin, E-mail: kristin.higgins@duke.ed [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University of Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Chino, Junzo P. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University of Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Marks, Lawrence B. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC (United States); Ready, Neal [Department of Medicine, Division of Medical Oncology, Duke University of Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); D'Amico, Thomas A. [Department of Surgery, Division of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, Duke University of Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Clough, Robert W.; Kelsey, Chris R. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University of Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States)

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Manifold and method of batch measurement of Hg-196 concentration using a mass spectrometer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A sample manifold and method of its use has been developed so that milligram quantities of mercury can be analyzed mass spectroscopically to determine the [sup 196]Hg concentration to less than 0.02 atomic percent. Using natural mercury as a standard, accuracy of [+-]0.002 atomic percent can be obtained. The mass spectrometer preferably used is a commercially available GC/MS manufactured by Hewlett Packard. A novel sample manifold is contained within an oven allowing flow rate control of Hg into the MS. Another part of the manifold connects to an auxiliary pumping system which facilitates rapid clean up of residual Hg in the manifold. Sample cycle time is about 1 hour. 8 figures.

Grossman, M.W.; Evans, R.

1991-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

97

Magnetism, chemical spots, and stratification in the HgMn star phi Phoenicis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mercury-manganese (HgMn) stars have been considered as non-magnetic and non-variable chemically peculiar (CP) stars for a long time. However, recent discoveries of the variability in spectral line profiles suggested an inhomogeneous surface distribution of chemical elements in some HgMn stars. From the studies of other CP stars it is known that magnetic field plays a key role in the formation of surface spots. All attempts to find magnetic fields in HgMn stars yielded negative results. In this study, we investigate a possible presence of the magnetic field in phi Phe (HD 11753) and reconstruct surface distribution of chemical elements that show variability in spectral lines. We also test a hypothesis that magnetic field is concentrated in chemical spots and look into the possibility that some chemical elements are stratified with depth in the stellar atmosphere.

Makaganiuk, V; Piskunov, N; Jeffers, S V; Johns-Krull, C M; Keller, C U; Rodenhuis, M; Snik, F; Stempels, H C; Valenti, J A

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Functions, Evolution, and Application of the Supramolecular Machines of Hg Detoxification  

SciTech Connect

The bacterial mercury resistance (mer) operon functions in Hg biogeochemistry and bioremediation by converting reactive inorganic [Hg(II)] and organic [RHg(I)] mercurials to relatively inert monoatomic mercury vapor, Hg(0). Its genes regulate expression (MerR, MerD, MerOP), import Hg(II) (MerT, MerP, and MerC), and demethylate (MerB) and reduce (MerA) mercurials. We focus on how these components interact with each other and with the host cell to allow cells to survive and detoxify Hg compounds. Understanding how this ubiquitous detoxification system fits into the biology and ecology of its bacterial host is essential to guide interventions that support and enhance Hg remediation. At a more basic level, studies of interactions between the metal ion trafficking proteins in this pathway provide insights into general mechanisms used by proteins in pathways involved in trafficking of other metal ions in cells of all types of organisms, including pathways for essential metal ions such as Cu and Zn and other toxic metal ions such as Cd. In this project we focused on investigations of proteins from mer operons found in gamma-proteobacteria with specific objectives to use biophysical and biochemical approaches to detect and define (1) interactions between the structural components of the key detoxifying mer operon enzyme, mercuric ion reductase (MerA), (2) interactions between the components of MerA and the other mer operon enzyme, organomercurial lyase (MerB), and (3) to investigate the structure and interactions of integral membrane transport proteins, MerT and MerC, with MerA.

Miller, Susan M.

2009-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

99

Benzene-derived N2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-deoxyguanosine adduct: UvrABC incision and its conformation in DNA  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Benzene, a ubiquitous human carcinogen, forms DNA adducts through its metabolites such as p-benzoquinone (p-BQ) and hydroquinone (HQ). N(2)-(4-Hydroxyphenyl)-2'-deoxyguanosine (N(2)-4-HOPh-dG) is the principal adduct identified in vivo by (32)P-postlabeling in cells or animals treated with p-BQ or HQ. To study its effect on repair specificity and replication fidelity, we recently synthesized defined oligonucleotides containing a site-specific adduct using phosphoramidite chemistry. We here report the repair of this adduct by Escherichia coli UvrABC complex, which performs the initial damage recognition and incision steps in the nucleotide excision repair (NER) pathway. We first showed that the p-BQ-treated plasmid was efficiently cleaved by the complex, indicating the formation of DNA lesions that are substrates for NER. Using a 40-mer substrate, we found that UvrABC incises the DNA strand containing N(2)-4-HOPh-dG in a dose- and time-dependent manner. The specificity of such repair was also compared with that of DNA glycosylases and damage-specific endonucleases of E. coli, both of which were found to have no detectable activity toward N(2)-4-HOPh-dG. To understand why this adduct is specifically recognized and processed by UvrABC, molecular modeling studies were performed. Analysis of molecular dynamics trajectories showed that stable G:C-like hydrogen bonding patterns of all three Watson-Crick hydrogen bonds are present within the N(2)-4-HOPh-G:C base pair, with the hydroxyphenyl ring at an almost planar position. In addition, N(2)-4-HOPh-dG has a tendency to form more stable stacking interactions than a normal G in B-type DNA. These conformational properties may be critical in differential recognition of this adduct by specific repair enzymes.

Hang, Bo; Rodriguez, Ben; Yang, Yanu; Guliaev, Anton B.; Chenna, Ahmed

2010-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

100

Ambient Measurements of the NOx Reservoir Species N2O5 using Cavity Ring-down Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The regulated control of pollutants is essential to maintaining good air quality in urban areas. A major concern is the formation of tropospheric ozone, which can be especially harmful to those with lung conditions and has been linked to the occurrence of asthma. Ozone is formed through reactions of oxidized volatile organic compounds with nitrogen oxides, and the accurate modeling of the process is necessary for smart and effective regulations. Ambient measurements are important to understanding the mechanisms involved in tropospheric chemistry. This dissertation describes the characterization of a novel instrument for the ambient measurement of dinitrogen pentoxide, N2O5, and the results of several field studies. This is an important intermediate in the major nighttime loss pathway of nitrogen oxides. The understanding of this process requires correct modeling formation, as any nitrogen oxides not removed at night will result in increased ozone formation at sunrise. Calibration studies have been performed in order to quantify the loss of reactive species within the instrument, and the sampling flow and N2O5 detection have been well characterized. The results of the laboratory measurements are presented. Results are presented from the SHARP Field Study in Houston, TX in the spring of 2009. N2O5 measurements are compared to measurements of other species, including nitric acid and nitryl chloride, which were performed by other research groups. Mixing ratios exceeding 300 ppt were observed following ozone exceedance days, and a dependence of the concentration on both wind speed and direction was noticed. There was a strong correlation determined between N2O5 with HNO3 and ClNO2 indicating both a fast heterogeneous hydrolysis and N2O5 as the primary source of the species. Observed atmospheric lifetimes for N2O5 were short, ranging from several seconds to several minutes. We have also investigated the presence of N2O5 in College Station, TX. Low mixing ratios peaking at approximately 20 ppt were observed, with longer atmospheric lifetimes of up to several hours. The role of biogenic emissions in the NO3-N2O5 equilibrium is discussed.

Geidosch, Justine Nicole

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n2 h2s hg" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Developing Greenhouse Gas Emissions Offsets by Reducing Nitrous Oxide (N2O) Emissions in Agricultural Crop Production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This final project report describes a three-year long EPRI supplemental project entitled "Developing Greenhouse Gas Emissions Offsets by Reducing Nitrous Oxide (N2O) Emissions." This EPRI-sponsored project investigated an innovative approach to developing large-scale, cost-effective greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions offsets that potentially can be implemented across broad geographic areas of the United States and internationally.

2009-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

102

Developing Greenhouse Gas Emissions Offsets by Reducing Nitrous Oxide (N2O) Emissions in Agricultural Crop Production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Technical Update covers the first year of a three-year-long EPRI research project entitled Developing Greenhouse Gas Emissions Offsets by Reducing Nitrous Oxide (N2O) Emissions in Agricultural Crop Production. The report provides a project overview and explains the preliminary results yielded from the first year of on-farm research.

2007-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

103

Effect of the Reaction N + NO ? N*2(v = 5) + O on the Production of NO by Lightning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The channel heating model is used to study the NO production by lightning. The reaction N+NO?N*2 (v = 5)+O is included in this model to investigate the effect on NO production. The calculations show significant changes in the NO production ...

Rajesh Kumar; Vir Singh; Jagdish Rai

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Development of a predictive kinetic model for homogeneous Hg oxidation data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several researchers have developed kinetic models to predict the effects of various flue gas components on homogeneous mercury (Hg) oxidation. Most of these models make use of over 50 reversible reactions that involve radicals in a combustion or post-combustion ... Keywords: Chlorine gas, Homogeneous mercury oxidation, Kinetic model, Simulated flue gas

Hans Agarwal; Harvey G. Stenger

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Advances in large-area Hg1-xCdxTe photovoltaic detectors for remote-sensing applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

State-of-the-art large-area photovoltaic (PV) detectors fabricated in HgCdTe grown by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) have been demonstrated for the Crosstrack Infrared Sounder (CrIS) instrument. Large-area devices (1 mm in diameter) yielded excellent electrical ... Keywords: HgCdTe, crosstrack infrared sounder, molecular beam epitaxy (MBE), photovoltaic detectors, remote sensing

P. S. Wijewarnasuriya; M. Zandian; J. Phillips; D. Edwall; R. E. Dewames; G. Hildebrandt; J. Bajaj; J. M. Arias; A. I. D'Souza; F. Moore

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Synthesis and Characterization of CO-and H2S-Tolerant Electrocatalysts for PEM Fuel Cell  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The present state-of-art Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) technology is based on platinum (Pt) as a catalyst for both the fuel (anode) and air (cathode) electrodes. This catalyst is highly active but susceptible to poisoning by CO, which may be present in the H{sub 2}-fuel used or may be introduced during the fuel processing. Presence of trace amount of CO and H{sub 2}S in the H{sub 2}-fuel poisons the anode irreversibly and decreases the performance of the PEMFCs. In an effort to reduce the Pt-loading and improve the PEMFC performance, we propose to synthesize a number of Pt-based binary, ternary, and quaternary electrocatalysts using Ru, Mo, Ir, Ni, and Co as a substitute for Pt. By fine-tuning the metal loadings and compositions of candidate electrocatalysts, we plan to minimize the cost and optimize the catalyst activity and performance in PEMFC. The feasibility of the novel electrocatalysts will be demonstrated in the proposed effort with gas phase CO and H{sub 2}S concentrations typical of those found in reformed fuel gas with coal/natural gas/methanol feedstocks. During this reporting period we synthesized four Pt-based electrocatalysts catalysts (Pt/Ru/Mo/Se, Pt/Ru/Mo/Ir, Pt/Ru/Mo/W, Ptr/Ru/Mo/Co) on Vulcan XG72 Carbon support by both conventional and ultra-sonication method. From current-voltage performance study, the catalytic activity was found in the increasing order of Pt/Ru/Mo/Ir > Pt/Ru/Mo/W > Pt/Ru/Mo/Co > Pt/Ru/MO/Se. Sonication method appears to provide better dispersion of catalysts on carbon support.

Shamsuddin Ilias

2005-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

107

Injection of CO2 with H2S and SO2 and Subsequent Mineral Trapping in Sandstone-Shale Formation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

National Conference on Carbon Sequestration. Washington, DC.model for geological carbon sequestration, 2002 Geologicalof geological carbon sequestration have been conducted (

Xu, Tianfu; Apps, John A.; Pruess, Karsten; Yamamoto, Hajime

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Injection of CO2 with H2S and SO2 and Subsequent Mineral Trapping in Sandstone-Shale Formation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

these injected acid gases with shale-confining layers of ato illustrate effects of shale on acid-gas sequestration andusing a sandstone-shale sequence under acid-gas injection

Xu, Tianfu; Apps, John A.; Pruess, Karsten; Yamamoto, Hajime

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Injection of CO2 with H2S and SO2 and Subsequent Mineral Trapping in Sandstone-Shale Formation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) injection into deep geologic formations can potentially reduce atmospheric emissions of greenhouse gases. Sequestering less-pure CO{sub 2} waste streams (containing H{sub 2}S and/or SO{sub 2}) would be less expensive or would require less energy than separating CO{sub 2} from flue gas or a coal gasification process. The long-term interaction of these injected acid gases with shale-confining layers of a sandstone injection zone has not been well investigated. We therefore have developed a conceptual model of injection of CO{sub 2} with H{sub 2}S and/or SO{sub 2} into a sandstone-shale sequence, using hydrogeologic properties and mineral compositions commonly encountered in Gulf Coast sediments of the United States. We have performed numerical simulations of a 1-D radial well region considering sandstone alone and a 2-D model using a sandstone-shale sequence under acid-gas injection conditions. Results indicate that shale plays a limited role in mineral alteration and sequestration of gases within a sandstone horizon for short time periods (10,000 years in present simulations). The co-injection of SO{sub 2} results in different pH distribution, mineral alteration patterns, and CO{sub 2} mineral sequestration than the co-injection of H{sub 2}S or injection of CO{sub 2} alone. Simulations generate a zonal distribution of mineral alteration and formation of carbon and sulfur trapping minerals that depends on the pH distribution. The co-injection of SO{sub 2} results in a larger and stronger acidified zone close to the well. Precipitation of carbon trapping minerals occurs within the higher pH regions beyond the acidified zones. In contrast, sulfur trapping minerals are stable at low pH ranges (below 5) within the front of the acidified zone. Corrosion and well abandonment due to the co-injection of SO{sub 2} could be important issues. Significant CO{sub 2} is sequestered in ankerite and dawsonite, and some in siderite. The CO{sub 2} mineral-trapping capability can reach 80 kg per cubic meter of medium. Most sulfur is trapped through alunite precipitation, although some is trapped by anhydrite precipitation and minor amount of pyrite. The addition of the acid gases and induced mineral alteration result in changes in porosity. The limited information currently available on the mineralogy of natural high-pressure acid-gas reservoirs is generally consistent with our simulations.

Xu, Tianfu; Apps, John A.; Pruess, Karsten; Yamamoto, Hajime

2004-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

110

A dsorption of H2 S or SO2 on an activated carbon cloth modified by ammonia treatment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

relatively high flue gas desulfurization capacities at low temperature. ACF shows a great rate of transferSO4 at room temperature by the humidity within the reactant gas. They found that ACF is more suitable to a saturator taining an aqueous solution of 28% NH3. The carrier gas line and the saturator were kept

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

111

Rate-Based Modeling of Reactive Absorption of CO2 and H2S into Aqueous Methyldiethanolamine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 A general framework was developed to model the transport processes that take into the mass and energy balance at a given segment or tray of the column for the simulataneous absorption of CO

Rochelle, Gary T.

112

BIODESULF(TM), A Novel Biological Technology for the Removal of H2S From Sour Natural Gas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The state-of-the-art technologies for the removal of sulfur compounds from Sour Natural Gas (SNG) are not cost-effective when scaled down to approximately 2-5 MMSCFD. At the same time, the SNG Production is increasing at 3-6 TCF/Yr and -78 TCF potential reserves are also sour. Assuming only 3% treatment of this potential SNG market is for small volume processing, the potential U.S. Market is worth $0.14 to $0.28 billion. Therefore, the Gas Processing Industry is seeking novel, cost-effective, environmentally compatible and operator friendly technologies applicable to the small volume producers in the range of less than 1 MMSCFD to - 5 MMSCFD. A novel biological process, BIODESTJLFTM (patent pending), developed at ARCTECH removes H{sub 2}S and other sulfur contaminants that make the Natural Gas Sour. The removal is accomplished by utilizing an adapted mixed microbial culture (consortium). A variety of anaerobic microbial consortia from ARCTECH`s Microbial Culture Collection were grown and tested for removal of H{sub 2}S. One of these consortia, termed SS-11 was found to be particularly effective. Utilizing the SS-11 consortium, a process has been developed on a laboratory-scale to remove sulfur species from Sour Natural Gas at well head production pressures and temperatures. The process has been independently evaluated and found to be promising in effectively removing H{sub 2}S and other sulfur species cost effectively.

Srivastava, K.C.; Stashick, J.J.; Johnson, P.E.; Kaushik, N.K.

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Modeling of fate and transport of co-injection of H2S with CO2 in deep saline formations  

SciTech Connect

The geological storage of CO{sub 2} in deep saline formations is increasing seen as a viable strategy to reduce the release of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. However, costs of capture and compression of CO{sub 2} from industrial waste streams containing small quantities of sulfur and nitrogen compounds such as SO{sub 2}, H{sub 2}S and N{sub 2} are very expensive. Therefore, studies on the co-injection of CO{sub 2} containing other acid gases from industrial emissions are very important. In this paper, numerical simulations were performed to study the co-injection of H{sub 2}S with CO{sub 2} in sandstone and carbonate formations. Results indicate that the preferential dissolution of H{sub 2}S gas (compared with CO{sub 2} gas) into formation water results in the delayed breakthrough of H{sub 2}S gas. Co-injection of H{sub 2}S results in the precipitation of pyrite through interactions between the dissolved H{sub 2}S and Fe{sup 2+} from the dissolution of Fe-bearing minerals. Additional injection of H{sub 2}S reduces the capabilities for solubility and mineral trappings of CO{sub 2} compared to the CO{sub 2} only case. In comparison to the sandstone (siliciclastic) formation, the carbonate formation is less favorable to the mineral sequestration of CO{sub 2}. Different from CO{sub 2} mineral trapping, the presence of Fe-bearing siliciclastic and/or carbonate is more favorable to the H{sub 2}S mineral trapping.

Zhang, W.; Xu, T.; Li, Y.

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

114

Injection of CO2 with H2S and SO2 and Subsequent Mineral Trapping in Sandstone-Shale Formation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

carbon dioxide in a sandstone-shale system, Submitted to “Sandstone 1x10 -8 1x10 -9 Shale 1x10 -8 1x10 -9 k rl = S * ?alone or the sandstone-shale sequence, four reactive

Xu, Tianfu; Apps, John A.; Pruess, Karsten; Yamamoto, Hajime

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Combined Theoretical and Experimental Investigation and Design of H2S Tolerant Anode for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) is a high temperature fuel cell and it normally operates in the range of 850 to 1000 C. Coal syngas has been considered for use in SOFC systems to produce electric power, due to its high temperature and high hydrogen and carbon monoxide content. However, coal syngas also has contaminants like carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and hydrogen sulfide (H{sub 2}S). Among these contaminants, H{sub 2}S is detrimental to electrode material in SOFC. Commonly used anode material in SOFC system is nickel-yttria stabilized zirconia (Ni-YSZ). The presence of H{sub 2}S in the hydrogen stream will damage the Ni anode and hinder the performance of SOFC. In the present study, an attempt was made to understand the mechanism of anode (Ni-YSZ) deterioration by H{sub 2}S. The study used computation methods such as quantum chemistry calculations and molecular dynamics to predict the model for anode destruction by H{sub 2}S. This was done using binding energies to predict the thermodynamics and Raman spectroscopy to predict molecular vibrations and surface interactions. On the experimental side, a test stand has been built with the ability to analyze button cells at high temperature under syngas conditions.

Gerardine G. Botte; Damilola Daramola; Madhivanan Muthuvel

2009-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

116

High Temperature Electrochemical Polishing of H(2)S from Coal Gasification. Quarterly progress report, April 1-June 30, 1997  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An advanced process for the separation of hydrogen sulfide from coal gasification streams through an electrochemical membrane is being perfected. H{sub 2}S is removed from a synthetic gas stream, split into hydrogen, which enriches the exiting syngas, and sulfur, which is condensed downstream from an inert sweep gas stream. The process allows for continuous removal of H{sub 2}S without cooling the gas stream while allowing negligible pressure loss through the separator. Moreover, the process is economically attractive due to the elimination of the need for a Claus process for sulfur recovery. To this extent the project presents a novel concept for improving utilization of coal for more efficient power generation.

Winnick, J.

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

117

Energy Production from Coal Syngas Containing H2S via Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Utilizing Lanthanum Strontium Vanadate Anodes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Lanthanum strontium vanadate (LSV), a perovskite ceramic electrocatalyst suitable for use as a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) anode, has shown significant activity toward the… (more)

Cooper, Matthew E.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF CO-AND H2S-TOLERANT ELECTROCATALYSTS FOR PEM FUEL CELL  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The present state-of-art Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) technology is based on platinum (Pt) as a catalyst for both the fuel (anode) and air (cathode) electrodes. This catalyst is highly active but susceptible to poisoning by CO, which may be present in the H{sub 2}-fuel used or may be introduced during the fuel processing. Presence of trace amount of CO and H{sub 2}S in the H{sub 2}-fuel poisons the anode irreversibly and decreases the performance of the PEMFCs. In an effort to reduce the Pt-loading and improve the PEMFC performance, we propose to synthesize a number of Pt-based binary, ternary, and quaternary electrocatalysts using Ru, Mo, Ir, Ni, and Co as a substitute for Pt. By fine-tuning the metal loadings and compositions of candidate electrocatalysts, we plan to minimize the cost and optimize the catalyst activity and performance in PEMFC. The feasibility of the novel electrocatalysts will be demonstrated in the proposed effort with gas phase CO and H{sub 2}S concentrations typical of those found in reformed fuel gas with coal/natural gas/methanol feedstocks. During this reporting period several bi-metallic electrocatalysts were synthesized using ultra-sonication. These catalysts (Pt/Ru, Pt/Mo and Pt/Ir) were tested in MEAs. From Galvonstatic study the catalytic activity was found in the order of: Pt/Ru/C > Pt/Mo/C > Pt/Ir/C. It appears that electrocatalysts prepared by ultra-sonication process are more active compared to the conventional technique. Work is in progress to further study these catalysts for CO-tolerance in PEMFC and identify potential candidate metals for synthesis of tri-metallic electrocatalysts.

Shamsuddin Ilias

2005-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

119

SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF CO-AND H2S-TOLERANT ELECTROCATALYSTS FOR PEM FUEL CELL  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The present state-of-art Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) technology is based on platinum (Pt) as a catalyst for both the fuel (anode) and air (cathode) electrodes. This catalyst is highly active but susceptible to poisoning by CO, which may be present in the H{sub 2}-fuel used or may be introduced during the fuel processing. Presence of trace amount of CO and H{sub 2}S in the H{sub 2}-fuel poisons the anode irreversibly and decreases the performance of the PEMFCs. In an effort to reduce the Pt-loading and improve the PEMFC performance, we propose to synthesize a number of Pt-based binary, ternary, and quaternary electrocatalysts using Ru, Mo, Ir, Ni, and Co as a substitute for Pt. By fine-tuning the metal loadings and compositions of candidate electrocatalysts, we plan to minimize the cost and optimize the catalyst activity and performance in PEMFC. The feasibility of the novel electrocatalysts will be demonstrated in the proposed effort with gas phase CO and H{sub 2}S concentrations typical of those found in reformed fuel gas with coal/natural gas/methanol feedstocks. During this reporting period several bi-metallic electrocatalysts were synthesized and tested in MEAs. From Galvonstatic study the catalytic activity was found in the order of: Pt/Ru/C > Pt/Mo/C > Pt/Ir/C > Pt/Ni/C > Pt/Cr/C. Work in progress to further study these catalysts for CO-tolerance in PEMFC and identify potential candidate metals for synthesis of trimetallic electrocatalysts.

Shamsuddin Ilias

2004-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

120

Developing Greenhouse Gas Emissions Offsets by Reducing Nitrous Oxide (N2O) Emissions in Agricultural Crop Production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report covers the first two years of a three-year long project entitled "Developing Greenhouse Gas Emissions Offsets by Reducing Nitrous Oxide (N2O) Emissions." This EPRI-sponsored project is investigating an innovative approach to developing large-scale and potentially cost-effective greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions offsets that could be implemented across broad geographic areas of the U.S. and internationally. The tools and information developed in this project will broaden the GHG emissions offset ...

2008-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n2 h2s hg" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Vortex Solutions and a Novel Role for R-parity in an N=2-Supersymmetric Model for Graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a previous work, we have been able to settle Jackiw's et al. chiral gauge theory for Dirac fermions in graphene in an N=1 supersymmetric framework, using a tau3-QED prescription, defined by means of a single pair of gauge charged superfields, but without preserving a global phase symmetry associated to the electric charge. In the present work, we propose another N=1-generalisation which indeed preserves this symmetry, namely, a straightforward extension built upon a set of two pairs of (chiral) gauge-charged superfields plus an extra pair of electrically neutral superfields. We then further proceed to establish, via a dimensional reduction procedure, an N=2 extension, allowing for the identification of non-perturbative features, as we put forward Bogomol'nyi equations and obtain vortex-like solutions saturating a topologically non-trivial bound. Remarkably, the bosonic projection of the N=2 functional space onto the saturated regime analysed herewith reveals to be free from extra scalar degrees of freedom that would otherwise demand a phenomenological interpretation. The investigation of Jackiw's model within an N=2 complex superspace is also motivated by the assumption that an R-parity-like symmetry could provide a route to incorporate the global phase-fermion number invariance as an external-like symmetry of the theory, thus associating the electric charge in graphene to the complex covariance (super-)space for the N=2-D=3 setup. We prove such a hypothesis to be realisable, as we build up the model endowed with all the symmetries required to further extend Jackiw's chiral gauge theory.

Everton M. C. Abreu; Marco A. De Andrade; Leonardo P. G. De Assis; José A. Helayël-Neto; A. L. M. A. Nogueira; Ricardo C. Paschoal

2013-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

122

Evidence of N2-Ice On the Surface of the Icy Dwarf Planet 136472 (2005 FY9)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present high signal precision optical reflectance spectra of 2005 FY9 taken with the Red Channel Spectrograph and the 6.5-m MMT telescope on 2006 March 4 UT (5000 - 9500 A; 6.33 A pixel-1) and 2007 February 12 UT (6600 - 8500 A; 1.93 A pixel-1). From cross correlation experiments between the 2006 March 4 spectrum and a pure CH4-ice Hapke model, we find the CH4-ice bands in the MMT spectrum are blueshifted by 3 +/- 4 A relative to bands in the pure CH4-ice Hapke spectrum. The higher resolution MMT spectrum of 2007 February 12 UT enabled us to measure shifts of individual CH4-ice bands. We find the 7296 A, 7862 A, and 7993 A CH4-ice bands are blueshifted by 4 +/- 2 A, 4 +/- 4 A, and 6 +/- 5 A. From four measurements we report here and one of our previously published measurements, we find the CH4-ice bands are shifted by 4 +/- 1 A. This small shift is important because it suggest the presence of another ice component on the surface of 2005 FY9. Laboratory experiments show that CH4-ice bands in spectra of CH4 mixed with other ices are blueshifted relative to bands in spectra of pure CH4-ice. A likely candidate for the other component is N2-ice because its weak 2.15 micron band and blueshifted CH4 bands are seen in spectra of Triton and Pluto. Assuming the shift is due to the presence of N2, spectra taken on two consecutive nights show no difference in CH4/N2. In addition, we find no measureable difference in CH4/N2 at different depths into the surface of 2005 FY9.

S. C. Tegler; W. M. Grundy; F. Vilas; W. Romanishin; D. Cornelison; G. J. Consolmagno

2008-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

123

Syntheses, crystal structures and fluorescent properties of Cd(II), Hg(II) and Ag(I) coordination polymers constructed from 1H-1,2,4-triazole-1-acetic acid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Three new d{sup 10} coordination polymers, namely [Cd(taa)Cl]{sub n}1, [Hg(taa)Cl]{sub n}2, and [Ag{sub 1.5}(taa)(NO{sub 3}){sub 0.5}]{sub n}3 (taa=1H-1,2,4-triazole-1-acatate anion) have been prepared and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, and single crystal X-ray diffraction. Compound 1 consists of two-dimensional layers constructed by carboxyl-linked helical chains, which are further linked through carboxyl group to generate a unique 3D open framework. Topological analysis reveals that the structure of 1 can be classified as an unprecedented (3,8)-connected network with the Schlaefli symbol (4.5{sup 2}){sub 2}(4{sup 2}.5{sup 8}.6{sup 14}.7{sup 3}.8). Compound 2 manifests a doubly interpenetrated decorated alpha-polonium cubic network with the Schlaefli symbol of (4{sup 10}.6{sup 2}.8{sup 3}). Compound 3 consists of 2D puckered layers made up of Ag centers and taa{sup -} bridges. In addition, all of these compounds are photoluminescent in the solid state with spectra that closely resemble those of the ligand precursor. - Graphical abstract: Three new compounds based on 1H-1,2,4-triazole-1-acetic acid and Cd(II), Hg(II) and Ag(I) salts display luminescent properties and may be potential candidates for luminescent materials.

Ding Degang [Department of Chemistry, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan 450052 (China); Department of Quality Examination and Management, Zhengzhou College of Animal Husbandry Engineering, Zhengzhou, Henan 450011 (China); Xie Lixia [College of Sciences, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou, Henan 450002 (China); Fan Yaoting, E-mail: yt.fan@zzu.edu.c [Department of Chemistry, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan 450052 (China); Hou Hongwei; Xu Yan [Department of Chemistry, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan 450052 (China)

2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

124

Determination of the cross sections of (n,2n), (n,gamma) nuclear reactions on germanium isotopes at the energy of neutrons 13.96 MeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The cross sections of 70Ge(n,2n)69Ge, 72Ge(n,2n)71Ge, 76Ge(n,gamma)77(g+0.21m)Ge, 76Ge(n,2n)75Ge nuclear reactions were measured at the energy of neutrons 13.96(6) MeV by activation method with gamma-ray and X-ray spectra studies.

S. V. Begun; O. G. Druzheruchenko; O. O. Pupirina; V. K. Tarakanov

2007-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

125

Axi-symmetrical flow reactor for .sup.196 Hg photochemical enrichment  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is directed to an improved photochemical reactor useful for the isotopic enrichment of a predetermined isotope of mercury, especially, .sup.196 Hg. Specifically, two axi-symmetrical flow reactors were constructed according to the teachings of the present invention. These reactors improve the mixing of the reactants during the photochemical enrichment process, affording higher yields of the desired .sup.196 Hg product. Measurements of the variation of yield (Y) and enrichment factor (E) along the flow axis of these reactors indicates very substantial improvement in process uniformity compared to previously used photochemical reactor systems. In one preferred embodiment of the present invention, the photoreactor system was built such that the reactor chamber was removable from the system without disturbing the location of either the photochemical lamp or the filter employed therewith.

Grossman, Mark W. (Belmont, MA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Probing the Vibrational Relaxation of N2 and O2 by Use of CARS Spectroscopy to Model NTE-Turbulence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The thermochemical dynamics associated with hypersonic flight and turbulent flow is vital to understanding the effects that hypersonic turbulence has on objects or vehicles traveling at speeds above Mach 5 (~ 1708 m/s). Non-thermochemical equilibrium (NTE) exists downstream of strong shock fronts and encountered in the shear layers from hypersonic flight, and coupled with turbulence, it has significant effects on flow dynamics. NTE, characterized by high vibrational temperatures of N2 and O2, was observed, and the relaxation processes were measured to obtain time-resolved results. By inducing cold-flow NTE via RF-plasma, species in the flow were probed to determine specific vibrational temperatures at particular distances and times following initial NTE-preparation. The detection technique used in the experiment was coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS) and variations of this laser-based technique were optimized to maximize accuracy and signal-to-noise in the vibrational relaxation measurements. It was found that the boxCARS variant was most successful in probing the v=1 --> v=0 vibrational transition associated with the measurement. Also a dual pump-beam CARS setup enabled the probing of both N2 and O2 simultaneously; however, in this report only N2 vibrational relaxation was modeled because the lifetime of vibrationally-excited (v=1) O2 was too short and the O2 vibrational temperature was too low to model. The CARS spectra were obtained in a subsonic wind tunnel with a flow velocity of approximately 30 m/s and probing distances from 4.4-39.4 cm downstream the plasma. Five averaged vibrational temperature values were determined and they yielded a decay from 1882 ± 46 K (4.4 cm from plasma) to 1010 ± 16 K (39.4 cm from plasma) showing the relative rate of vibrational relaxation of N2. The vibrational relaxation was also modeled as a function of time after passing through the plasma, and a kinetic simulation was fit to the results. The spectral decay of the v=1 peak relative to v=0 (Iv=1/Iv=0) was found and compared to the decay of the vibrational temperature. Data analysis revealed that the results were in agreement with theory and the observed vibrational relaxation of N2 fit the simulated kinetic model accurately.

Dean, Jacob

2009-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

127

Impact of air-exposure on the chemical and electronic structure ofZnO:Zn3N2 thin films  

SciTech Connect

The chemical and electronic surface structure of ZnO:Zn3N2 ("ZnO:N") thin films with different N contents was investigated by soft x-ray emission spectroscopy. Upon exposure to ambient air (in contrast to storage in vacuum), the chemical and electronic surface structure of the ZnO:N films changes substantially. In particular, we find that the Zn3N2/(Zn3N2+ZnO) ratio decreases with exposure time and that this change depends on the initial N content. We suggest a degradation mechanism based on the reaction of the Zn3N2 content with atmospheric humidity.

Bar, M.; Ahn, K.-S.; Shet, S.; Yan, Y.; Weinhardt, L.; Fuchs, O.; Blum, M.; Pookpanratana, S.; George, K.; Yang, W.; Denlinger, J.D.; Al-Jassim, M.; Heske, C.

2008-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

128

N2s2 chelating agents as cys-x-cys biomimics for fe(no) and fe(no)2 complexes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nitric oxide plays an important role in many biological functions. A metallo derivative in biological systems is a protein-bound dinitrosyl iron complex (DNIC), which results from iron-sulfur cluster degradation in the presence of excess NO. Through model complexes I have examined the fundamental properties of a dithiolato-Fe(NO)2 complex, bismercaptoethandiazacyclooctane iron dinitrosyl or (H+bme-daco)Fe(NO)2 as a biomimic of dicysteinate coordination of [Fe(NO)2]. This complex was prepared and fully characterized in my studies. The DNIC moiety is in its oxidized state, {Fe(NO)2}9. Through reaction studies, monitored by IR spectroscopy (H+N2S2)Fe(NO)2 (N2S2 = bme-dach. Bme-pda) has been shown to transfer NO to FeIII in (TPP)FeCl (TPP = meso-tetraphenylporphyrin) as NO-. The remaining mononitrosyl converts into complex (N2S2)Fe(NO). The (N2S2)Fe(NO) complexes (N2S2 = bme-daco, bme*-daco, bme-dach) were prepared by direct reaction of dimeric [(N2S2)Fe]2 and NO gas. The analogous (N2S2)Co(NO) complex (N2S2 = bme-dach) has also been prepared. The series of square pyramidal (N2S2)M(NO) have been studied by cyclic voltammetry and ?(NO) IR spectroscopy.

Chiang, Chao-Yi

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Whole body retention and tissue distribution of (/sup 203/Hg)methylmercury in adult cats  

SciTech Connect

To assess the whole body retention and tissue distribution of methylmercury six adult female random-bred cats were given a single oral dose of 78 ..mu..g (55 ..mu..Ci) of (/sup 203/Hg)methylmercury chloride. /sup 203/Hg in the whole body of the cats and in feces and urine were monitored for 156 days. Samples of hair collected throughout the experiment were used to correct the whole body radioactivity measurements for the mercury contained in the hair and to adjust the whole body retention for the amount of mercury contained in the hair. Tissue distribution of /sup 203/Hg was measured 156 days postdosing. The ability of various tissues to concentrate methylmercury was expressed as a concentration factor (CF = (specific activity of a tissue at a time t)/(specific activity of the whole cat at time t)). The whole body half-period of methylmercury after a single oral dose of (/sup 203/Hg)methylmercury to cats was 117.7 +- (SE) 1.4 days including the hair and 76.2 +- 1.6 days excluding the hair. The half-period of appearance of methylmercury in hair, feces and urine were 69 +- 5, 68 +- 5, and 78 +- 4 days, respectively. The percentage of the total dose of methylmercury remaining in the cats after 156 days were 35.9 +- 3.3 percent. Hair showed the highest CF(30.2 +- 2.6) followed by liver (12.4 +- 1.0), gall-bladder (2.3 +- 0.5), and kidney (2.0 +- 0.1). Muscle, lymph nodes, hide, and adrenal gland had CF values of approximately 1. The CF for various brain areas ranged between 0.48 and 0.60.

Hollins, J.G.; Willes, R.F.; Bryce, F.R.; Charbonneau, S.M.; Munro, I.C.

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Automated product recovery in a HG-196 photochemical isotope separation process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of removing deposited product from a photochemical reactor used in the enrichment of .sup.196 Hg has been developed and shown to be effective for rapid re-cycling of the reactor system. Unlike previous methods relatively low temperatures are used in a gas and vapor phase process of removal. Importantly, the recovery process is understood in a quantitative manner so that scaling design to larger capacity systems can be easily carried out.

Grossman, Mark W. (Belmont, MA); Speer, Richard (Reading, MA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Hg Alternatives  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... These activities built on support provided in 2007 to the Food and Drug Administration (concerning steam processing of food) and ASTM's ...

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

132

Shemya Air Force Base, Alaska No Further Action Decision document for Hg-1. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This document is being prepared to document that a No Further Action Decision (NFAD) document is appropriate for the Hg-1 site at Shemya Air Force Base (AFB), Alaska, under the Air Force Installation Restoration Program (IRP). The IRP is a Department of Defense (DOD) program established to identify and remediate hazardous waste problems on DOD property that result from past practices. The Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation (ADEC) draft document {open_quotes}No Further Action Criteria for DOD Military/FUD Sites{close_quotes} has been used as a guide in preparing this document. Air Force personnel have stated that the Hg-1 site may have been used to store mercury and PCB-contaminated material. The site was added to the IRP in 1987, and later that year a field investigation was conducted at the site. Soil samples were collected and analyzed for mercury, EP toxicity, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and dioxin. All concentrations of contaminants found in Area Hg-1 are below regulatory action levels for PCBs (40 CFR 761) and mercury (55 FR 30798) or below detection levels for dioxin/furans. Therefore, leaving these soils in place is acceptable.

1993-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

133

STATISTICAL EVALUATION OF PROCESSING DATA FROM THE RH RU HG MATRIX STUDY  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An evaluation of the statistical significance of Rh, Ru, and Hg on DWPF Sludge Receipt and Adjustment Tank (SRAT) cycle catalytic hydrogen generation and process chemistry was conducted by the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) using a full-factorial experimental design. This test design can identify significant interactions between these three species in addition to individual effects. Statistical modeling of data from the Rh-Ru-Hg matrix study has been completed. Preliminary data and conclusions were given in an earlier report. This final report concludes the work on the Rh-Ru-Hg matrix study. Modeling results are summarized below. Rhodium was found to: Promote increased total hydrogen mass; Promote an increase in the maximum hydrogen generation rate; Promote an increase in the hydrogen generation rate shortly after acid addition; Shorten the elapsed time between acid addition and the maximum hydrogen generation rate; Increase formate loss; Inhibit NO{sub 2} and total NO{sub x} off-gas species formation; and Reduce nitrite-to-nitrate conversion. Ruthenium was found to: Promote increased total hydrogen mass; Promote an increase in the maximum hydrogen generation rate; Promote an increase in the hydrogen generation rate in the second half of the SRAT cycle; Promote an increase in total CO{sub 2} generated; Increase formate loss; Promote NO{sub 2} and total NO{sub x} off-gas species formation; and Reduce nitrite-to-nitrate conversion. Mercury was found to: Inhibit total hydrogen mass produced; Promote an increase in total CO{sub 2} generated; Promote NO{sub 2} off-gas species formation; and Inhibit total NO{sub x} off-gas species formation. Results confirmed qualitative observations that Rh was activating before Ru for hydrogen generation. An interaction between Rh and Ru was present in the model for the total hydrogen generated during the SRAT, perhaps because the total combined contributions from two separate episodes of hydrogen generation. The first episode was dominated by Rh and the second by Ru. Consequently, the linear statistical model was asked to explain more than one phenomenon and included more terms. Mercury did not significantly impact hydrogen generated by either Rh or Ru in models in this study (all tests had Hg {ge} 0.5 wt% in total solids), whereas tests in Sludge Batches 3 and 4 (SB3 and SB4) with and without Hg showed a very significant negative impact from adding Hg. The conclusion is that once a small quantity of Hg is present, the primary inhibiting effect of Hg is in place, and hydrogen generation is relatively insensitive to further increases in total Hg. Any secondary Hg effects were difficult to quantify and model. Mercury was found to be statistically significant, however, as an inhibiting factor for hydrogen generation when modeling was based on the logarithm of the hydrogen generation rate. Only limited statistical evidence was found for non-linearity and quadratic dependence of other SRAT process measures, such as formate loss or total NO{sub x} generation, on the three matrix variables. The interaction term for Ru with Hg, however, appeared in models for total CO{sub 2}, total NO{sub 2}, and total moles of nitrogen-derived off-gas species. A single interaction between Ru and Hg during nitrite destruction could explain all three of these effects in the observed responses. Catalytic decomposition of nitrite ion by formic acid produces CO{sub 2} plus either NO or N{sub 2}O. The vast majority of the NO produced is converted to NO{sub 2}, and NO{sub 2} is the major fraction of the total moles of nitrogen in the off-gas species. Future experimental work related to catalytic hydrogen generation control is expected with regard to minimizing formic acid use through alternative reductants as well as in pursuing mesoporous media for sequestering the catalytically active noble metals to inhibit catalytic hydrogen generation. Two alternative stoichiometric acid equations are also under development. A summary document is in draft form that provides an overview of progress made in understanding ca

Koopman, D

2009-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

134

Spin polarized current injection through HgBr{sub 2} intercalated Bi2212 intrinsic Josephson junctions.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To investigate the effect of polarized current on tunneling characteristics of intrinsic Josephson junctions (IJJs), spin-polarized and spin-degenerate current have been injected through the c-axis of HgBr{sub 2} intercalated Bi{sub 2.1}Sr{sub 1.5}Ca{sub 1.4}Cu{sub 2}O{sub 8+delta} (Bi2212) single crystals on which 10 times 10 mum{sup 2} mesas have been fabricated. These two spin conditions are achieved by depositing either Au (15 nm)/Co (80 nm)/Au (156 nm) multilayers or single Au film on HgBr{sub 2} intercalated Bi2212 with T{sub c} = 74 K followed by photolithography and Ar ion beam etching. The I-V characteristics have been measured with and without a magnetic field parallel to c-axis at 4.2 K. A fine, soft Au wire is used to make a gentle mechanical contact on the top of a particular mesa in the array. Tunneling conductance characteristics were obtained and the magnetic field dependence of sumgap voltage peaks was investigated. These peaks do not change in position with increasing magnetic field for both contact configurations. In addition, the temperature dependence of tunneling characteristics of the IJJs are obtained and existence of pseudogap feature is observed above T{sub c} for HgBr{sub 2} intercalated Bi2212.

Ozyuzer, L.; Kurter, C.; Ozdemir, M.; Zasadzinski, J. F.; Gray, K. E.; Hinks, D. G. (Materials Science Division); (Izmir Inst. of Tech.); (Illinois Inst. of Tech.)

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Reaction and Transformation of Hg and Trace Metals in Combustion Systems  

SciTech Connect

The overall goal of this project was to produce a working dynamic model to predict the transformation and partitioning of trace metals resulting from combustion of a broad range of fuels. The information provided from this model will be instrumental in efforts to identify fuels and conditions that can be varied to reduce metal emissions. Through the course of this project, it was determined that mercury (Hg) and arsenic (As) would be the focus of the experimental investigation. Experiments were therefore conducted to examine homogeneous and heterogeneous mercury oxidation pathways, and to assess potential interactions between arsenic and calcium. As described in this report, results indicated that the role of SO{sub 2} on Hg oxidation was complex and depended upon overall gas phase chemistry, that iron oxide (hematite) particles contributed directly to heterogeneous Hg oxidation, and that As-Ca interactions occurred through both gas-solid and within-char reaction pathways. Modeling based on this study indicated that, depending upon coal type and fly ash particle size, vaporization-condensation, vaporization-surface reaction, and As-CaO in-char reaction all play a role in arsenic transformations under combustion conditions.

J. Helble; Clara Smith; David Miller

2009-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

136

Lattice formulation of 2D $\\mathcal{N}=(2,2)$ SQCD based on the B model twist  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a simple lattice formulation of two-dimensional $\\mathcal{N}=(2,2)$ $U(k)$ supersymmetric QCD (SQCD) with $N$ matter multiplets in the fundamental representation. The construction uses compact gauge link variables and exactly preserves one linear combination of supercharges on the two-dimensional regular lattice. Artificial saddle points in the weak coupling limit and the species doubling are evaded without imposing the admissibility. A perturbative power-counting argument indicates that the target supersymmetric theory is realized in the continuum limit without any fine tuning.

Daisuke Kadoh; Fumihiko Sugino; Hiroshi Suzuki

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

137

Quantum Anomalous Hall Effect in Hg_1-yMn_yTe Quantum Wells  

SciTech Connect

The quantum Hall effect is usually observed when the two-dimensional electron gas is subjected to an external magnetic field, so that their quantum states form Landau levels. In this work we predict that a new phenomenon, the quantum anomalous Hall effect, can be realized in Hg{sub 1-y}Mn{sub y}Te quantum wells, without the external magnetic field and the associated Landau levels. This effect arises purely from the spin polarization of the Mn atoms, and the quantized Hall conductance is predicted for a range of quantum well thickness and the concentration of the Mn atoms. This effect enables dissipationless charge current in spintronics devices.

Liu, Chao-Xing; /Tsinghua U., Beijing /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Qi, Xiao-Liang; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Dai, Xi; Fang, Zhong; /Beijing, Inst. Phys.; Zhang, Shou-Cheng; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.

2010-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

138

Measurement of the {sup 241}Am(n,2n) reaction cross section using the activation method  

SciTech Connect

In the context of the n{sub T}OF Collaboration, the measurement of the cross section of the reaction {sup 241}Am(n,2n){sup 240}Am, has been performed, for the first time at neutron energies from 8.8 to 11.4 MeV, by the activation method, relative to the {sup 27}Al(n,a){sup 24}Na reaction reference cross section. The monoenergetic neutron beam was produced at the 5.5 MV TANDEM accelerator of NCSR ''Demokritos,'' by means of the {sup 2}H(d,n){sup 3}He reaction, using a deuterium filled gas cell. The radioactive target consisted of a 37 GBq {sup 241}Am source enclosed in a Pb container. After the end of the irradiation, the activity induced by the neutron beam at the target and reference, was measured off-line by a 56% relative efficiency, HPGe detector.

Perdikakis, G. [Department of Physics, National Technical University of Athens, Athens (Greece); Institute of Nuclear Physics, NCSR ' Demokritos' , Athens (Greece); Papadopoulos, C.T.; Vlastou, R.; Kokkoris, M.; Galanopoulos, S.; Patronis, N. [Department of Physics, National Technical University of Athens, Athens (Greece); Lagoyannis, A.; Spyrou, A.; Zarkadas, Ch.; Kalyva, G.; Kossionides, S. [Institute of Nuclear Physics, NCSR ' ' Demokritos, Athens (Greece); Karamanis, D. [Department of Physics, University of Ioannina, Ioannina (Greece)

2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

139

NETL: Hg Control – The Effects on By-products: What Do We Know and Where  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hg Control – The Effects on By-products: Hg Control – The Effects on By-products: What Do We Know and Where Do We Go? Table of Contents Foreword Disclaimer Papers and Presentations Introductions Field Demonstrations Laboratory Studies Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government or any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof.

140

Effects of EGR, water/N2/CO2 injection and oxygen enrichment on the availability destroyed due to combustion for a range of conditions and fuels.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study was directed at examining the effects of exhaust gas recirculation (EGR), water/N2/CO2 injections and oxygen enrichment on availability destroyed because of combustion in… (more)

Sivadas, Hari Shanker

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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141

Microsoft Word - Updated netl Hg program white paper v.1 July2008.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

08 1 08 1 An Update on DOE/NETL's Mercury Control Technology Field Testing Program Thomas J. Feeley, III 1 and Andrew P. Jones 2 1 U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory 2 Science Applications International Corporation The U.S. Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), under the Office of Fossil Energy's Innovations for Existing Plants (IEP) Program, manages the premier mercury (Hg) research and development (R&D) program for coal- fired power generation facilities in the world. Working collaboratively with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), power plant operators, state and local agencies, and a host of research organizations

142

The N2K Consortium VI: Doppler Shifts Without Templates and Three New Short-Period Planets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a modification to the iodine cell Doppler technique that eliminates the need for an observed stellar template spectrum. For a given target star, we iterate toward a synthetic template spectrum beginning with an existing spectrum of a similar star. We then perturb the shape of this first-guess template to match the program observation of the target star taken through an iodine cell. The elimination of a separate template observation saves valuable telescope time, a feature that is ideally suited for the quick-look strategy employed by the ``Next 2000 Stars'' (N2K) planet search program. Tests using Keck/HIRES spectra indicate that synthetic templates yield a short-term precision of 3 m/s and a long-term, run-to-run precision of 5 m/s. We used this new Doppler technique to discover three new planets: a 1.5 Mjup planet in a 2.1375 d orbit around HD 86081; a 0.71 Mjup planet in circular, 26.73 d orbit around HD 224693; and a Saturn-mass planet in an 18.179 d orbit around HD 33283. The remarkably short period of HD 86081b bridges the gap between the extremely short-period planets detected in the OGLE survey and the 16 Doppler-detected hot jupiters (P < 15 d), which have an orbital period distribution that piles up at about three days. We have acquired photometric observations of two of the planetary host stars with the automated photometric telescopes at Fairborn Observatory. HD 86081 and HD 224693 both lack detectable brightness variability on their radial velocity periods, supporting planetary-reflex motion as the cause of the radial velocity variability. HD 86081 shows no evidence of planetary transits in spite of a 17.6% transit probability.

John A. Johnson; Geoffrey W. Marcy; Debra A. Fischer; Gregory Laughlin; R. Paul Butler; Gregory W. Henry; Jeff A. Valenti; Eric B. Ford; Steven S. Vogt; Jason T. Wright

2006-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

143

Toxicometabolomics approach to urinary biomarkers for mercuric chloride (HgCl{sub 2})-induced nephrotoxicity using proton nuclear magnetic resonance ({sup 1}H NMR) in rats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The primary objective of this study was to determine and characterize surrogate biomarkers that can predict nephrotoxicity induced by mercuric chloride (HgCl{sub 2}) using urinary proton nuclear magnetic resonance ({sup 1}H NMR) spectral data. A procedure for {sup 1}H NMR urinalysis using pattern recognition was proposed to evaluate nephrotoxicity induced by HgCl{sub 2} in Sprague-Dawley rats. HgCl{sub 2} at 0.1 or 0.75 mg/kg was administered intraperitoneally (i.p.), and urine was collected every 24 h for 6 days. Animals (n = 6 per group) were sacrificed 3 or 6 days post-dosing in order to perform clinical blood chemistry tests and histopathologic examinations. Urinary {sup 1}H NMR spectroscopy revealed apparent differential clustering between the control and HgCl{sub 2} treatment groups as evidenced by principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least square (PLS)-discriminant analysis (DA). Time- and dose-dependent separation of HgCl{sub 2}-treated animals from controls was observed by PCA of {sup 1}H NMR spectral data. In HgCl{sub 2}-treated rats, the concentrations of endogenous urinary metabolites of glucose, acetate, alanine, lactate, succinate, and ethanol were significantly increased, whereas the concentrations of 2-oxoglutarate, allantoin, citrate, formate, taurine, and hippurate were significantly decreased. These endogenous metabolites were selected as putative biomarkers for HgCl{sub 2}-induced nephrotoxicity. A dose response was observed in concentrations of lactate, acetate, succinate, and ethanol, where severe disruption of the concentrations of 2-oxoglutarate, citrate, formate, glucose, and taurine was observed at the higher dose (0.75 mg/kg) of HgCl{sub 2}. Correlation of urinary {sup 1}H NMR PLS-DA data with renal histopathologic changes suggests that {sup 1}H NMR urinalysis can be used to predict or screen for HgCl{sub 2}-induced nephrotoxicity{sub .}

Kim, Kyu-Bong, E-mail: kyubong@inje.ac.k [Korea Food and Drug Administration, 5-Nokbun-dong, Eunpyung-gu, Seoul 122-704 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Pharmaceutical Engineering, Inje University, Obang-dong, Gimhae, Gyungnam 621-749 (Korea, Republic of); Um, So Young, E-mail: syum@kfda.go.k [Korea Food and Drug Administration, 5-Nokbun-dong, Eunpyung-gu, Seoul 122-704 (Korea, Republic of); Chung, Myeon Woo, E-mail: mwchung@kfda.go.k [Korea Food and Drug Administration, 5-Nokbun-dong, Eunpyung-gu, Seoul 122-704 (Korea, Republic of); Jung, Seung Chul, E-mail: ipipe4@nate.co [Korea Food and Drug Administration, 5-Nokbun-dong, Eunpyung-gu, Seoul 122-704 (Korea, Republic of); Oh, Ji Seon, E-mail: aquajs24@nate.co [Korea Food and Drug Administration, 5-Nokbun-dong, Eunpyung-gu, Seoul 122-704 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Seon Hwa, E-mail: hwa2003@kfda.go.k [Korea Food and Drug Administration, 5-Nokbun-dong, Eunpyung-gu, Seoul 122-704 (Korea, Republic of); Na, Han Sung, E-mail: nhk1515@korea.k [Korea Food and Drug Administration, 5-Nokbun-dong, Eunpyung-gu, Seoul 122-704 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Byung Mu, E-mail: bmlee@skku.ed [College of Pharmacy, Sungkyunkwan University, 300 Cheoncheon-dong, Jangan-gu, Suwon, Gyeonggi-do 440-746 (Korea, Republic of); Choi, Ki Hwan, E-mail: hyokwa11@korea.k [Korea Food and Drug Administration, 5-Nokbun-dong, Eunpyung-gu, Seoul 122-704 (Korea, Republic of)

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Nitrogen Fertilizer Management for Nitrous Oxide (N2O) Mitigation in Intensive Corn (Maize) Production: An Emissions Reduction Proto col for US Midwest Agriculture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Status: Published Citation: Millar, N; Robertson, GP; Grace, PR; Gehl, RJ; and Hoben, JP. 2010. Nitrogen Fertilizer Management for Nitrous Oxide (N2O) Mitigation in Intensive Corn (Maize) Production: An Emissions Reduction Protocol for US Midwest Agriculture. In Journal of Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change,Volume 15, Number 2, 2010, pp. 185-204. Link to Journal Publication: See Journal of Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change.

2010-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

145

Nitrogen Fertilizer Management for Nitrous Oxide (N2O) Mitigation in Intensive Corn (Maize) Production: An Emissions Redu ction Protocol for U.S. Midwest Agriculture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Status: Published Citation: Millar, N; Robertson, GP; Grace, PR; Gehl, RJ; and Hoben; JP. 2010. Nitrogen Fertilizer Management for Nitrous Oxide (N2O) Mitigation in Intensive Corn (Maize) Production: An Emissions Reduction Protocol for U.S. Midwest Agriculture. In Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Volume 15, Number 2, 2010, pp. 185-204. A peer-reviewed journal article that identifies, describes and analyzes socio-economic factors that may encourage or inhibit farmers from participat...

2009-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

146

Developing Greenhouse Gas Emissions Offsets by Reducing Nitrous Oxide (N2O) Emissions in Agricultural Crop Production: Experience Validating a New GHG Offset Protocol  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project report describes in part the second phase (years four through six, 2010–2012) of a two-phase, six-year long EPRI-sponsored research project entitled “Developing Greenhouse Gas Emissions Offsets by Reducing Nitrous Oxide (N2O) Emissions.” This project investigated an innovative approach to developing large-scale, cost-effective greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions offsets that potentially can be implemented across broad geographic areas of the ...

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

147

Searching for a link between the presence of chemical spots on the surface of HgMn stars and their weak magnetic fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the results of mapping the HgMn star AR Aur using the Doppler Imaging technique for several elements and discuss the obtained distributions in the framework of a magnetic field topology.

Savanov, I S; González, J F; Schöller, M

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Particulate Contacts to Si and CdTe: Al, Ag, Hg-Cu-Te, and Sb-Te  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Our team has been investigating the use of particle-based contacts in both Si and CdTe solar cell technologies. First, in the area of contacts to Si, powders of Al and Ag prepared by an electroexplosion process have been characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), TEM elemental determination X-ray spectroscopy (TEM-EDS), and TEM electron diffraction (TEM-ED). These Al and Ag particles were slurried and tested as contacts to p- and n-type silicon wafers, respectively. Linear current-voltage (I-V) was observed for Ag on n-type Si, indicative of an ohmic contact, whereas the Al on p-type Si sample was non-ideal. A wet-chemical surface treatment was performed on one Al sample and TEM-EDS indicated a substantial decrease in the O contaminant level. The treated Al on p-type Si films exhibited linear I-V after annealing. Second, in the area of contacts to CdTe, particles of Hg-Cu-Te and Sb-Te have been applied as contacts to CdTe/CdS/SnO2 heterostructures prepared by the standard NREL protocol. First, Hg-Cu-Te and Sb-Te were prepared by a metathesis reaction. After CdCl2 treatment and NP etch of the CdTe layer, particle contacts were applied. The Hg-Cu-Te contacted cells exhibited good electrical characteristics, with Voc > 810 mV and efficiencies > 11.5 % for most cells. Although Voc > 800 mV were observed for the Sb-Te contacted cells, efficiencies in these devices were limited to 9.1%, presumably by a large series resistance (>20 {Omega}) observed in all samples.

Schulz, D. L.; Ribelin, D.; Curtis, C. J.; Ginley, D. S.

1998-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

149

Numerical modeling of injection and mineral trapping of CO2 withH2S and SO2 in a Sandstone Formation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) injection into deep geologic formations could decrease the atmospheric accumulation of this gas from anthropogenic sources. Furthermore, by co-injecting H{sub 2}S or SO{sub 2}, the products respectively of coal gasification or combustion, with captured CO{sub 2}, problems associated with surface disposal would be mitigated. We developed models that simulate the co-injection of H{sub 2}S or SO{sub 2} with CO{sub 2} into an arkose formation at a depth of about 2 km and 75 C. The hydrogeology and mineralogy of the injected formation are typical of those encountered in Gulf Coast aquifers of the United States. Six numerical simulations of a simplified 1-D radial region surrounding the injection well were performed. The injection of CO{sub 2} alone or co-injection with SO{sub 2} or H{sub 2}S results in a concentrically zoned distribution of secondary minerals surrounding a leached and acidified region adjacent to the injection well. Co-injection of SO{sub 2} with CO{sub 2} results in a larger and more strongly acidified zone, and alteration differs substantially from that caused by the co-injection of H{sub 2}S or injection of CO{sub 2} alone. Precipitation of carbonates occurs within a higher pH (pH > 5) peripheral zone. Significant quantities of CO{sub 2} are sequestered by ankerite, dawsonite, and lesser siderite. The CO{sub 2} mineral-trapping capacity of the formation can attain 40-50 kg/m{sup 3} medium for the selected arkose. In contrast, secondary sulfates precipitate at lower pH (pH simulations.

Xu, Tianfu; Apps, John A.; Pruess, Karsten; Yamamoto, Hajime

2004-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

150

Numerical modeling of injection and mineral trapping of CO2 withH2S and SO2 in a Sandstone Formation  

SciTech Connect

Carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) injection into deep geologic formations could decrease the atmospheric accumulation of this gas from anthropogenic sources. Furthermore, by co-injecting H{sub 2}S or SO{sub 2}, the products respectively of coal gasification or combustion, with captured CO{sub 2}, problems associated with surface disposal would be mitigated. We developed models that simulate the co-injection of H{sub 2}S or SO{sub 2} with CO{sub 2} into an arkose formation at a depth of about 2 km and 75 C. The hydrogeology and mineralogy of the injected formation are typical of those encountered in Gulf Coast aquifers of the United States. Six numerical simulations of a simplified 1-D radial region surrounding the injection well were performed. The injection of CO{sub 2} alone or co-injection with SO{sub 2} or H{sub 2}S results in a concentrically zoned distribution of secondary minerals surrounding a leached and acidified region adjacent to the injection well. Co-injection of SO{sub 2} with CO{sub 2} results in a larger and more strongly acidified zone, and alteration differs substantially from that caused by the co-injection of H{sub 2}S or injection of CO{sub 2} alone. Precipitation of carbonates occurs within a higher pH (pH > 5) peripheral zone. Significant quantities of CO{sub 2} are sequestered by ankerite, dawsonite, and lesser siderite. The CO{sub 2} mineral-trapping capacity of the formation can attain 40-50 kg/m{sup 3} medium for the selected arkose. In contrast, secondary sulfates precipitate at lower pH (pH < 5) within the acidified zone. Most of the injected SO{sub 2} is transformed and immobilized through alunite precipitation with lesser amounts of anhydrite and minor quantities of pyrite. The dissolved CO{sub 2} increases with time (enhanced solubility trapping). The mineral alteration induced by injection of CO{sub 2} with either SO{sub 2} or H{sub 2}S leads to corresponding changes in porosity. Significant increases in porosity occur in the acidified zones where mineral dissolution dominates. With co-injection of SO{sub 2}, the porosity increases from an initial 0.3 to 0.43 after 100 years. However, within the CO{sub 2} mineral-trapping zone, the porosity decreases to about 0.28 for both cases, because of the addition of CO{sub 2} mass as secondary carbonates to the rock matrix. Precipitation of sulfates at the acidification front causes porosity to decrease to 0.23. The limited information currently available on the mineralogy of naturally occurring high-pressure CO{sub 2} reservoirs is generally consistent with our simulations.

Xu, Tianfu; Apps, John A.; Pruess, Karsten; Yamamoto, Hajime

2004-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

151

Numerical modeling of injection and mineral trapping of CO2 with H2S and SO2 in a Sandstone Formation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cosmochim. Acta 46, 681-692. Nsakala, N.Y. , Marion, J. ,in useable power output (Nsakala et al. , 2001). More

Xu, Tianfu; Apps, John A.; Pruess, Karsten; Yamamoto, Hajime

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Numerical modeling of injection and mineral trapping of CO2 with H2S and SO2 in a Sandstone Formation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle Technology: IGCC.advanced integrated gas combined cycle (IGCC) plants, in

Xu, Tianfu; Apps, John A.; Pruess, Karsten; Yamamoto, Hajime

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Numerical modeling of injection and mineral trapping of CO2 with H2S and SO2 in a Sandstone Formation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

carbon dioxide in a sandstone-shale system. Chem. Geol. 217,of intra-aquifer shales and the relative effectiveness ofeither side by a reactive shale (Xu et al. , 2005). In this

Xu, Tianfu; Apps, John A.; Pruess, Karsten; Yamamoto, Hajime

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

A Planned Neck Dissection Is Not Necessary in All Patients With N2-3 Head-and-Neck Cancer After Sequential Chemoradiotherapy  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To assess the role of a planned neck dissection (PND) after sequential chemoradiotherapy for patients with head-and-neck cancer with N2-N3 nodal disease. Methods and Materials: We reviewed 90 patients with N2-N3 head-and-neck squamous cell carcinoma treated between 1991 and 2001 on two sequential chemoradiotherapy protocols. All patients received induction and concurrent chemotherapy with cisplatin and 5-fluorocuracil, with or without tirapazamine. Patients with less than a clinical complete response (cCR) in the neck proceeded to a PND after chemoradiation. The primary endpoint was nodal response. Clinical outcomes and patterns of failure were analyzed. Results: The median follow-up durations for living and all patients were 8.3 years (range, 1.5-16.3 year) and 5.4 years (range, 0.6-16.3 years), respectively. Of the 48 patients with nodal cCR whose necks were observed, 5 patients had neck failures as a component of their recurrence [neck and primary (n = 2); neck, primary, and distant (n = 1); neck only (n = 1); neck and distant (n = 1)]. Therefore, PND may have benefited only 2 patients (4%) [neck only failure (n = 1); neck and distant failure (n = 1)]. The pathologic complete response (pCR) rate for those with a clinical partial response (cPR) undergoing PND (n = 30) was 53%. The 5-year neck control rates after cCR, cPR{yields}pCR, and cPR{yields}pPR were 90%, 93%, and 78%, respectively (p = 0.36). The 5-year disease-free survival rates for the cCR, cPR{yields}pCR, and cPR{yields}pPR groups were 53%, 75%, and 42%, respectively (p = 0.04). Conclusion: In our series, patients with N2-N3 neck disease achieving a cCR in the neck, PND would have benefited only 4% and, therefore, is not recommended. Patients with a cPR should be treated with PND. Residual tumor in the PND specimens was associated with poor outcomes; therefore, aggressive therapy is recommended. Studies using novel imaging modalities are needed to better assess treatment response.

Soltys, Scott G., E-mail: sgsoltys@stanford.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, CA (United States); Choi, Clara Y.H. [Department of Neurosugery, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, CA (United States); Fee, Willard E. [Department of Otolaryngology, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, CA (United States); Pinto, Harlan A. [Department of Medical Oncology, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, CA (United States); Veterans Affairs, Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, CA (United States); Le, Quynh-Thu [Department of Radiation Oncology, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, CA (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Optical an Thermodynamic Properties of the High-Temperature Superconductor HgBa{2}CuO{4+delta}  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In- and out-of-plane optical spectra and specific heat measurements for the single layer cuprate superconductor HgBa{sub 2}CuO{sub 4+{delta}} (Hg-1201) at optimal doping (T{sub c} = 97 K) are presented. Both the in-plane and out-of-plane superfluid density agree well with a recently proposed scaling relation {rho}{sub s} {proportional_to} {sigma}{sub dc} T{sub c}. It is shown that there is a superconductivity induced increase of the in-plane low frequency spectral weight which follows the trend found in underdoped and optimally doped Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8+{delta}} (Bi-2212) and optimally doped Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}Ca{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 10+{delta}} (Bi-2223). We observe an increase of optical spectral weight which corresponds to a change in kinetic energy {Delta}W {approx} 0.5 meV/Cu which is more than enough to explain the condensation energy. The specific heat anomaly is 10 times smaller than in YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+{delta}} (YBCO) and 3 times smaller than in Bi-2212. The shape of the anomaly is similar to the one observed in YBCO showing that the superconducting transition is governed by thermal fluctuations.

van Heumen,E.; Lortz, R.; Kuzmenko, A.; Carbone, F.; van der Marel, D.; Zhao, G. Yu, Y. Cho,, X.; Barisic, M. Greven,, N.; Homes, C.; Dordevic, S.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

A portable optical emission spectroscopy-cavity ringdown spectroscopy dual-mode plasma spectrometer for measurements of environmentally important trace heavy metals: Initial test with elemental Hg  

SciTech Connect

A portable optical emission spectroscopy-cavity ringdown spectroscopy (OES-CRDS) dual-mode plasma spectrometer is described. A compact, low-power, atmospheric argon microwave plasma torch (MPT) is utilized as the emission source when the spectrometer is operating in the OES mode. The same MPT serves as the atomization source for ringdown measurements in the CRDS mode. Initial demonstration of the instrument is carried out by observing OES of multiple elements including mercury (Hg) in the OES mode and by measuring absolute concentrations of Hg in the metastable state 6s6p {sup 3}P{sub 0} in the CRDS mode, in which a palm-size diode laser operating at a single wavelength 405 nm is incorporated in the spectrometer as the light source. In the OES mode, the detection limit for Hg is determined to be 44 parts per 10{sup 9} (ppb). A strong radiation trapping effect on emission measurements of Hg at 254 nm is observed when the Hg solution concentration is higher than 50 parts per 10{sup 6} (ppm). The radiation trapping effect suggests that two different transition lines of Hg at 253.65 nm and 365.01 nm be selected for emission measurements in lower (<50 ppm) and higher concentration ranges (>50 ppm), respectively. In the CRDS mode, the detection limit of Hg in the metastable state 6s6p {sup 3}P{sub 0} is achieved to be 2.24 parts per 10{sup 12} (ppt) when the plasma is operating at 150 W with sample gas flow rate of 480 mL min{sup -1}; the detection limit corresponds to 50 ppm in Hg sample solution. Advantage of this novel spectrometer has two-fold, it has a large measurement dynamic range, from a few ppt to hundreds ppm and the CRDS mode can serve as calibration for the OES mode as well as high sensitivity measurements. Measurements of seven other elements, As, Cd, Mn, Ni, P, Pb, and Sr, using the OES mode are also carried out with detection limits of 1100, 33, 30, 144, 576, 94, and 2 ppb, respectively. Matrix effect in the presence of other elements on Hg measurements has been found to increase the detection limit to 131 ppb. These elements in lower concentrations can also be measured in the CRDS mode when a compact laser source is available to be integrated into the spectrometer in the future. This exploratory study demonstrates a new instrument platform using an OES-CRDS dual-mode technique for potential field applications.

Sahay, Peeyush; Scherrer, Susan T.; Wang Chuji [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Mississippi State University, Starkville, Mississippi 39759 (United States)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

157

Detection of THz radiation with devices made from wafers with HgTe and InSb quantum wells  

SciTech Connect

In this study we present measurements of the Terahertz (THz) photoconductivity of 2D electron system realized at HgTe/HgCdTe and AlInSb/InSb/AlInSb quantum wells (QWs) in Corbino geometry (inner and outer radius: 500 {mu}m and 1500 {mu}m) with different mobilities and electron densities. To characterize the devices, the Shubnikov-de Haas (SdH) effect up to magnetic fields B of 7T and current-voltage (I-V) characteristics at various magnetic fields were measured. The THz radiation is provided by a p-Ge laser which operates with a magnetic field and a high voltage for the electrical pumping. The stimulated emission is caused by transitions between Landau levels of light holes [1]. The laser is tunable in the range between 1.7 to 2.5 THz (corresponding to wavelengths between 120 to 180 {mu}m or energies of 7 to 12 meV). The laser is pulsed with a pulse rate of 1 Hz and pulse lengths of about 1 {mu}s with low switching times (about 20 ns). The monochromatic THz radiation is transferred to our samples via a 0.32m long brass waveguide immersed in liquid Helium. The detection of a change in the conductivity of the sample due to absorption of THz-radiation (photoresponse) requires a low-noise circuit. For the Corbino-shaped samples the photoresponse (PR) is measured via a resistor R{sub V} of 1 k{Omega}. The signal is transferred via in a high-frequency cable and detected with a digital oscilloscope.

Gouider, F.; Nachtwei, G. [Institut fuer Angewandte Physik, Technische Universitaet Braunschweig, D-38106 Braunschweig (Germany); Vasilyev, Yu. B.; Koenemann, J. [A. F. Ioffe Physical Technical Institute, RU-194021 St. Petersburg (Russian Federation); Buckle, P. D. [QinetiQ Ltd, Malvern WR14 3PS (United Kingdom); Bruene, C.; Buhmann, H. [Julius-Maximilians-University Wuerzburg, D-97074 (Germany)

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

158

SNS Target Test Facility: Prototype Hg Operations and Remote Handling Tests P. T. Spampinato, T. W. Burgess, J. B. Chesser, V. B. Graves, and S.L. Schrock  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SNS Target Test Facility: Prototype Hg Operations and Remote Handling Tests P. T. Spampinato, T. W remote handling techniques and tools for replacing target system components. During the past year seal configuration to assess leak tightness and remote handling features. In addition, testing

McDonald, Kirk

159

Experimental and Theoretical Evidence of Basic Site Preference in Polyfunctional Superbasic Amidinazine: N-1,N-1-Dimethyl-N-2-beta-(2-pyridylethyl)formamidine  

SciTech Connect

The gas-phase basicity (GB) of the flexible polyfunctional N1,N1-dimethyl-N2-a-(2-pyridylethyl)-formamidine (1) containing two potential basic sites (the ring N-aza and the chain N-imino) is obtained from proton-transfer equilibrium constant measurements, using Fourier-transform ioncyclotron resonance mass spectrometry. Comparison of the experimental GB obtained for 1 with those reported for model amidines and azines indicates that the chain N-imino in the amidine group is the favored site of protonation. Semiempirical (AM1) and ab initio calculations (HF, MP2, and DFT), performed for 1 and its protonated forms, confirm this interpretation. These results are in contrast to those found previously for N1,N1-dimethyl-N2-azinylformamidines (containing the amidine function directly linked to the azinyl ring), in which the ring N-aza is the most basic site in the gas phase. The separation of the two potential basic sites in 1 by the ethylene chain interrupts the resonance conjugation between the two functions and changes their relative basicities and, thus, the preferable site of protonation. It also increases the chelation effect against the proton and the gas-phase basicity of 1 in such a magnitude that consequently 1 may be classified as a superbase (GB 241.1 kcal mol-1). A transition state corresponding to the internal transfer of the proton (ITP) between the ring N-aza and the chain N-imino in 1 is investigated at the DFT(B3LYP)/6-31G** level. The energy barrier calculated for the ITP between the two basic sites is small and vanishes when zero-point vibrational terms and thermal corrections are applied to obtain the enthalpy or Gibbs energy of activation for the proton transfer. Additional calculations at the DFT-(MPW1K)/6-31G** level confirm this behavior. This indicates that the quantum-chemical ITP in 1 has a single-well character. The proton is located on the N-imino site, and the H-bond is formed

Raczynska, Ewa D.; Darowska, Malgorzata; Dabkowska, Iwona; Decouzon, Michele; Gal, Jean-Francois; Maria, Pierre-Charles; Poliart, Christine D.

2004-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

160

Blue-green laser output from N(+2) and XeF. Final technical report, 1 Jan 77-31 Oct 81  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this work was to determine the feasibility of developing, first the helium nitrogen charge transfer laser, and later the XeF laser into efficient scalable devices excited by preionized discharges for the production of blue-green outputs. The performance and scalability of the N2(+) laser pumped by charge transfer from He2(+) was determined in such a discharge environment. The gain and saturation parameters were measured and a regenerative amplifier capable of operation at 470.9 nm was constructed. A traveling wave device was built which at 427 nm produced peak powers of 5 MW in the forward direction and which had a front-to-back ratio of 10,000 to 1 for the pulse energies. Efforts were made to apply that technology to the problem of switching the output from a XeF laser into the C yields A transition at 480 nm. Gain and saturation parameters were examined and it was found that the relative gains between the stronger UV transition and the blue-green transition were greater than 30 to 1. These results implied that the blue-green transition of XeF was too weak to support the development of any practical device pumped by a preionized discharge.

Collins, C.B.

1981-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

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161

Auxiliary Ligand-Dependent Assembly of Several Ni/Ni-Cd Compounds with N2O2 Donor Tetradentate Symmetrical Schiff Base Ligand  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Several low-dimensional Ni/Ni-Cd complexes containing N2O2 donor tetradentate symmetrical Schiff base ligand bis(acetylacetone)ethylene-diamine (sy-H2L2), namely, [Ni(sy-L2)]2?HLa?ClO4 (2), (HLa)2?(ClO4)?(NO3) (3), [Ni(sy-L2)X]2](4,4’-bipy) (where La = 5,7-dimethyl-3,6-dihydro-2H-1,4-diazepine, X = ClO4 (4), X=NO3 (5), [Ni(sy-L2)Cd(SCN)2]n (6) and [Ni(sy-L2)?Cd(N3)2]n (7) have been synthesized from [Ni(sy-L2)]2?H2O (1). Complex 2, is three component discrete assembly generated from (HLa)+ moiety bridged with [Ni(sy-L2)] unit and ClO4- anion. A solution containing complex 2 and Cd(NO3)2 results in a mixture of 1 and 3. Further re-crystallization of 1 and 3 with various auxiliary ligands, provides coordination complexes 4 – 7 stabilized by weak hydrogen bonds in which 6 and 7 represent the first 1D heteronuclear complexes based on symmetric acacen-base Schiff base ligand.

Ge, Ying Ying; Li, Guo-Bi; Fang, Hua-Cai; Zhan, Xu Lin; Gu, Zhi-Gang; Chen, Jin Hao; Sun, Feng; Cai, Yue-Peng; Thallapally, Praveen K.

2010-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

162

(Butan-2-ol-jO)[2-({(ethylsulfanyl)- [2-(2-oxidobenzylidene-jO)hydrazinylidene-jN 2]methyl}iminomethyl)phenolato-jO]dioxidouranium(VI)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

disorder in main residue; R factor = 0.038; wR factor = 0.078; data-to-parameter ratio = 17.4. The U atom in the title complex, [U(C17H15N3O2S)O2-(C4H10O)], exists within a distorted pentagonal–bipyramidal geometry where the oxide O atoms occupy axial positions [O—U—O = 179.61 (18) ] and the pentagonal plane is defined by the N2O2 atoms of the tetradentate Schiff base ligand and the O atom of the butan-2-ol molecule. In the crystal, centrosymmetric aggregates are formed via pairs of hydroxy–phenoxide O—H O hydrogen bonds. The azomethine C N atoms, the ethylthiolyl group and the butyl group of the butan-2-ol molecule are disordered over two positions in a 0.668 (3):0.332 (3) ratio. Related literature For background to uranyl Schiff base complexes, see: S ¸ ahin et al. (2010); Özdemir et al. (2011). For a related structure, see: Takjoo et al. (2012).

Reza Takjoo; A Atefeh Najafi; A Seik Weng Ng B; Edward R. T. Tiekink B

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

PowerPoint Presentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

flux - withstand high pressure and temperature - be chemically stable in presence of steam, CO, CO 2 , CH 4 , H 2 S, NH 3 , Hg, halides, etc. Metallic membranes (Pd, Pd alloys,...

164

Electric dipole moments of Hg, Xe, Rn, Ra, Pu, and TlF induced by the nuclear Schiff moment and limits on time-reversal violating interactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have calculated the atomic electric dipole moments (EDMs) induced in ^{199}Hg, ^{129}Xe, ^{223}Rn, ^{225}Ra, and ^{239}Pu by their respective nuclear Schiff moments S. The results are (in units 10^{-17}S(e {fm}^{3})^{-1}e cm): d(^{199}Hg)=-2.8, d(^{129}Xe)=0.38, d(^{223}Rn)=3.3, d(^{225}Ra)=-8.5, d(^{239}Pu)=-11. We have also calculated corrections to the parity- and time-invariance-violating (P,T-odd) spin-axis interaction constant in TlF. These results are important for the interpretation of atomic and molecular experiments on EDMs in terms of fundamental P,T-odd parameters.

V. A. Dzuba; V. V. Flambaum; J. S. M. Ginges; M. G. Kozlov

2002-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

165

The concrete theory of numbers : New Mersenne conjectures. Simplicity and other wonderful properties of numbers $L(n) = 2^{2n}\\pm2^n\\pm1$  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New Mersenne conjectures. The problems of simplicity, common prime divisors and free from squares of numbers $L(n) = 2^{2n}\\pm2^n\\pm1$ are investigated. Wonderful formulas $gcd $ for numbers $L (n) $ and numbers repunit are proved.

Boris V. Tarasov

2008-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

166

Multi-Pollutant Emissions Control: Pilot Plant Study of Technologies for Reducing Hg, SO3, NOx and CO2 Emissions  

SciTech Connect

A slipstream pilot plant was built and operated to investigate technology to adsorb mercury (Hg) onto the existing particulate (i.e., fly ash) by cooling flue gas to 200-240 F with a Ljungstrom-type air heater or with water spray. The mercury on the fly ash was then captured in an electrostatic precipitator (ESP). An alkaline material, magnesium hydroxide (Mg(OH){sub 2}), is injected into flue gas upstream of the air heater to control sulfur trioxide (SO{sub 3}), which prevents acid condensation and corrosion of the air heater and ductwork. The slipstream was taken from a bituminous coal-fired power plant. During this contract, Plant Design and Construction (Task 1), Start Up and Maintenance (Task 2), Baseline Testing (Task 3), Sorbent Testing (Task 4), Parametric Testing (Task 5), Humidification Tests (Task 6), Long-Term Testing (Task 7), and a Corrosion Study (Task 8) were completed. The Mercury Stability Study (Task 9), ESP Report (Task 11), Air Heater Report (Task 12) and Final Report (Task 14) were completed. These aspects of the project, as well as progress on Public Outreach (Task 15), are discussed in detail in this final report. Over 90% mercury removal was demonstrated by cooling the flue gas to 200-210 F at the ESP inlet; baseline conditions with 290 F flue gas gave about 26% removal. Mercury removal is sensitive to flue gas temperature and carbon content of fly ash. At 200-210 F, both elemental and oxidized mercury were effectively captured at the ESP. Mg(OH){sub 2} injection proved effective for removal of SO{sub 3} and eliminated rapid fouling of the air heater. The pilot ESP performed satisfactorily at low temperature conditions. Mercury volatility and leaching tests did not show any stability problems. No significant corrosion was detected at the air heater or on corrosion coupons at the ESP. The results justify larger-scale testing/demonstration of the technology. These conclusions are presented and discussed in two presentations given in July and September of 2005 and are included in Appendices E and F.

Michael L. Fenger; Richard A. Winschel

2005-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

167

Hg and Se capture and fly ash carbons from combustion of complex pulverized feed blends mainly of anthracitic coal rank in Spanish power plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, the petrology and chemistry of fly ashes produced in a Spanish power plant from the combustion of complex pulverized feed blends made up of anthracitic/meta-anthracitic coals, petroleum, and natural coke are investigated. It was found that the behavior of fly ash carbons derived from anthracitic coals follows relatively similar patterns to those established for the carbons from the combustion of bituminous coals. Fly ashes were sampled in eight hoppers from two electrostatic precipitator (ESP) rows. The characterization of the raw ashes and their five sieved fractions (from {gt}150 to {lt}25 {mu}m) showed that glassy material, quartz, oxides, and spinels in different proportions are the main inorganic components. As for the organic fraction, the dominant fly ash carbons are anisotropic carbons, mainly unburned carbons derived from anthracitic vitrinite. The concentration of Se and Hg increased in ashes of the second ESP row, this increase being related to the higher proportion of anisotropic unburned carbons, particularly those largely derived from anthracitic vitrinite in the cooler ashes of the ESP (second row) and also related to the decrease in the flue gas temperature. This suggests that the flue gas temperature plays a major role in the concentration of mercury for similar ratios of unburned carbons. It was also found that Hg is highly concentrated in the medium-coarser fractions of the fly ashes ({gt} 45 {mu}m), there being a positive relationship between the amount of these carbons, which are apparently little modified during the combustion process, in the medium-coarse fractions of the ashes and the Hg retention. According to the results obtained, further research on this type of fly ash could be highly productive. 28 refs., 10 figs., 8 tabs.

I. Surez-Ruiz; J.C. Hower; G.A. Thomas [Instituto Nacional del Carbon (INCAR-CSIC), Oviedo (Spain)

2007-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

168

Method of controlling the mercury vapor pressure in a photo-chemical lamp or vapor filter used for Hg.sup.196 enrichment  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is directed to a method of eliminating the cold spot zones presently used on Hg.sup.196 isotope separation lamps and filters by the use of a mercury amalgams, preferably mercury - indium amalgams. The use of an amalgam affords optimization of the mercury density in the lamp and filter of a mercury enrichment reactor, particularly multilamp enrichment reactors. Moreover, the use of an amalgam in such lamps and/or filters affords the ability to control the spectral line width of radiation emitted from lamps, a requirement for mercury enrichment.

Grossman, Mark W. (Belmont, MA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Method of controlling the mercury vapor pressure in a photo-chemical lamp or vapor filter used for Hg[sup 196] enrichment  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is directed to a method of eliminating the cold spot zones presently used on Hg[sup 196] isotope separation lamps and filters by the use of a mercury amalgams, preferably mercury - indium amalgams. The use of an amalgam affords optimization of the mercury density in the lamp and filter of a mercury enrichment reactor, particularly multilamp enrichment reactors. Moreover, the use of an amalgam in such lamps and/or filters affords the ability to control the spectral line width of radiation emitted from lamps, a requirement for mercury enrichment.

Grossman, M.W.

1993-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

170

The influence of the magnetic field on the effect of drag of electrons by phonons in n-Cd{sub x}Hg{sub 1-x}Te  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thermopower in n-Cd{sub 0.2}Hg{sub 0.8}Te (6-100 K) is studied. A large effect of drag of the charge carriers by phonons {alpha}{sub ph} is found. The influence of the magnetic field H on the drag thermopower is considered. It is established that the magnetic field exerts the effect mainly on the electron component of {alpha}{sub ph}. The data are interpreted in the context of the theory taking into account the effect of H on thermopower {alpha}{sub ph}, in which parameter A({epsilon}) proportional to the static force of the drag effect is introduced. By the experimental data {alpha}{sub ph}(T, H), T, and H dependences A({epsilon}) are determined. It is shown that, as H increases, A({epsilon}) sharply decreases. This explains a decrease in {alpha}{sub ph} in the magnetic field, power index k in dependence {alpha}{sub ph} {proportional_to} T{sup -}{kappa}, and narrowing the region of manifestation of the drag effect. It is established that at classically high fields, the drag effect in n-Cd{sub 0.2}Hg{sub 0.8}Te does not vanish.

Aliyev, S. A.; Zulfigarov, E. I.; Selim-Zade, R. I.; Agayev, Z. F., E-mail: agayevz@rambler.ru [National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Institute of Physics (Azerbaijan)

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

171

Near-Zero Emissions Oxy-Combustion Flue Gas Purification Task 2: SOx/Nox/Hg Removal for High Sulfur Coal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goal of this project is to develop a near-zero emissions flue gas purification technology for existing PC (pulverized coal) power plants that are retrofitted with oxy-combustion technology. The objective of Task 2 of this project was to evaluate an alternative method of SOx, NOx and Hg removal from flue gas produced by burning high sulfur coal in oxy-combustion power plants. The goal of the program was not only to investigate a new method of flue gas purification but also to produce useful acid byproduct streams as an alternative to using a traditional FGD and SCR for flue gas processing. During the project two main constraints were identified that limit the ability of the process to achieve project goals. 1) Due to boiler island corrosion issues >60% of the sulfur must be removed in the boiler island with the use of an FGD. 2) A suitable method could not be found to remove NOx from the concentrated sulfuric acid product, which limits sale-ability of the acid, as well as the NOx removal efficiency of the process. Given the complexity and safety issues inherent in the cycle it is concluded that the acid product would not be directly saleable and, in this case, other flue gas purification schemes are better suited for SOx/NOx/Hg control when burning high sulfur coal, e.g. this project's Task 3 process or a traditional FGD and SCR.

Nick Degenstein; Minish Shah; Doughlas Louie

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

In vitro HgCl{sub 2} exposure of immune cells at different stages of maturation: Effects on phenotype and function  

SciTech Connect

This is the first study to investigate the hypothesis that the immunotoxic effects of inorganic mercury may be modulated by inherent differences in the responsiveness of immune cells related to the age of the donor. We exposed cells from lymph nodes, spleen, and thymus, collected from 7- and 10-day-old CD.1 pups, as well as from adult CD.1 mice, in terms of the effects of mercury in vitro on responses to Con-A stimulation with respect to proliferation, cytokine production, and cell phenotype. The effects of mercury on proliferation were age and organ dependent, while effects on cytokine production were only age dependent. Effects of mercury were observed only on splenocyte T-cell subpopulations and only in cells from 10-day-old pups and from adults. Mercury had no effect on IFN-{gamma} and IL-4 production by splenocytes from 7-day-old pups, but significantly decreased release of these cytokines by splenocytes from 10-day-old pups and adults. Hg did not affect IL-4 production by lymph node cells or thymocytes. In lymph node cells Hg affected IFN-{gamma} production only at 7 days. These data indicate that inherent properties of immune cells at different stages of development may influence the response to immunotoxicants.

Silva, I.A. [Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 N. Wolfe Street, Room E6644, Baltimore, MD 21205 (United States)]. E-mail: esilberg@jhsph.edu; Graber, J. [School of Medicine, University of Maryland, 660 West Redwood St, Baltimore, MD 21201 (United States); Nyland, J.F. [Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 N. Wolfe Street, Room E6644, Baltimore, MD 21205 (United States); Silbergeld, E.K. [Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 N. Wolfe Street, Room E6644, Baltimore, MD 21205 (United States)

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

The specific surface area and chemical composition of diamond dust near Barrow, Alaska  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and the membrane systems selected, additional equipment such as knockout drums, coalescing filters, and guard beds far and modeling predictions is quite reasonable. Methane 20% H2S/ 80%N2 Air MFC MFC MFC Proceedings of the 2002 U.S. DOE Hydrogen Program Review NREL/CP-610-32405 #12;MFC-3 MFC-1 MFC-2 N2 H2S O2

Douglas, Thomas A.

174

PRODUCTION OF HYDROGEN BY SUPERADIABATIC DECOMPOSITION OF HYDROGEN SULFIDE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and the membrane systems selected, additional equipment such as knockout drums, coalescing filters, and guard beds far and modeling predictions is quite reasonable. Methane 20% H2S/ 80%N2 Air MFC MFC MFC Proceedings of the 2002 U.S. DOE Hydrogen Program Review NREL/CP-610-32405 #12;MFC-3 MFC-1 MFC-2 N2 H2S O2

175

2004 by The University of Chicago. All rights reserved. Appendix from A. Manica and R. A. Johnstone, "The Evolution of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and the membrane systems selected, additional equipment such as knockout drums, coalescing filters, and guard beds far and modeling predictions is quite reasonable. Methane 20% H2S/ 80%N2 Air MFC MFC MFC Proceedings of the 2002 U.S. DOE Hydrogen Program Review NREL/CP-610-32405 #12;MFC-3 MFC-1 MFC-2 N2 H2S O2

Foster, William A.

176

ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHNOLOGY Electricity generation from model organic wastewater  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and the membrane systems selected, additional equipment such as knockout drums, coalescing filters, and guard beds far and modeling predictions is quite reasonable. Methane 20% H2S/ 80%N2 Air MFC MFC MFC Proceedings of the 2002 U.S. DOE Hydrogen Program Review NREL/CP-610-32405 #12;MFC-3 MFC-1 MFC-2 N2 H2S O2

177

Thse de doctorat de l'universit Pierre et Marie Curie -Paris VI  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and the membrane systems selected, additional equipment such as knockout drums, coalescing filters, and guard beds far and modeling predictions is quite reasonable. Methane 20% H2S/ 80%N2 Air MFC MFC MFC Proceedings of the 2002 U.S. DOE Hydrogen Program Review NREL/CP-610-32405 #12;MFC-3 MFC-1 MFC-2 N2 H2S O2

178

Optical transitions in Cd{sub x}Hg{sub 1-x}Te-based quantum wells and their analysis with account for the actual band structure of the material  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Quantum-confinement levels in a Cd{sub x}Hg{sub 1-x}Te-based rectangular quantum well are calculated in the framework of the four-band Kane model taking into account mixing between the states of electrons and three types of holes (heavy, light, and spin-split holes). Comparison of the calculation results with experimental data on the photoluminescence of Cd{sub x}Hg{sub 1-x}Te-based quantum wells suggests that optical transitions involving the conduction and light-hole bands are possibly observed in the spectra.

Bazhenov, N. L., E-mail: bazhnil.ivom@mail.ioffe.ru; Shilyaev, A. V.; Mynbaev, K. D.; Zegrya, G. G. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute (Russian Federation)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

179

On a Theorem on sums of the form 1+2^(2^n)+2^(2^n+1)+...+2^(2^n+m) and a result linking Fermat with Mersenne numbers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In his book "250 Problems in Elementary Number Theory", W.Sierpinski shows that the numbers 1+2^(2^n)+2^(2^n+1) are divisible by 21; for n=1,2,.... In this paper, we prove a similar but more general result.Consider the natural numbers of the form I(n.m)= 1+2^(2^n)+2^(2^n+1)+...+2^(2^n+m).In Theorem 1 we prove that for every odd integer N greater than 1, there exist infinitely many natural numbers n and m such that the integers I(n.m) are divisible by N. We give an explicit construction of the numbers n and m, for a given N. As an example, when N=31, and with n=4k and m=94+124i, the numbers I(n,m) are divisible by 31. A similar example is offered for N=(31)(7)=217. In Theorem 2, we prove a result pertaining to Mersenne numbers.There are also three Corollaries in this work, one of which deals with Fermat numbers.

Konstantine "Hermes" Zelator

2008-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

180

Optimal geometries and harmonic vibrational frequencies of the global minima of water clusters (H2O)n, n=2-6, and several hexamer local minima at the CCSD(T) level of theory  

SciTech Connect

We report the first optimum geometries and harmonic vibrational frequencies for the ring pentamer and several water hexamer (prism, cage, cyclic and two book) at the CCSD(T)/aug-cc-pVDZ level of theory. All five hexamer isomer minima previously reported by MP2 are also minima on the CCSD(T) potential energy surface (PES). In addition, all CCSD(T) minimum energy structures for the n=2-6 cluster isomers are quite close to the ones previously obtained by MP2 on the respective PESs, as confirmed by a modified Procrustes analysis that quantifies the difference between any two cluster geometries. The CCSD(T) results confirm the cooperative effect of the homodromic ring networks (systematic contraction of the nearest-neighbor (nn) intermolecular separations with cluster size) previously reported by MP2, albeit with O-O distances shorter by ~0.02 Å, indicating that MP2 overcorrects this effect. The harmonic frequencies at the minimum geometries were obtained by the double differentiation of the CCSD(T) energy using an efficient scheme based on internal coordinates that reduces the number of required single point energy evaluations by ~15% when compared to the corresponding double differentiation using Cartesian coordinates. Negligible differences between MP2 and CCSD(T) are found for the librational modes, while uniform increases of ~15 and ~25 cm-1 are observed for the bending and “free” OH harmonic frequencies. The largest differences between MP2 and CCSD(T) are observed for the harmonic hydrogen bonded frequencies. The CCSD(T) red shifts from the monomer frequencies (??) are smaller than the MP2 ones, due to the fact that the former produces shorter elongations (?R) of the respective hydrogen bonded OH lengths from the monomer value with respect to the latter. Both the MP2 and CCSD(T) results for the hydrogen bonded frequencies were found to closely follow the relation - ?? = s ? ?R, with a rate of s = 20.3 cm-1 / 0.001 Å. The CCSD(T) harmonic frequencies, when corrected using the MP2 anharmonicities obtained from second order vibrational perturbation theory (VPT2), produce anharmonicCCSD(T) estimates that are within < 60 cm-1 from the measured infrared (IR) active bands of the n=2-6 clusters and furthermore trace the observed red shifts with respect to the monomer (??) quite accurately. The energetic order between the various hexamer isomers on the PES (prism has the lowest energy) previously reported at MP2 was found to be preserved at the CCSD(T) level, whereas the inclusion of anharmonic corrections further stabilizes the cage among the hexamer isomers.

Miliordos, Evangelos; Apra, Edoardo; Xantheas, Sotiris S.

2013-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

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181

Structure and properties of rhombohedral CePd{sub 3}Ga{sub 8}: A variant of the cubic parent compound with BaHg{sub 11} structure type  

SciTech Connect

Single crystals of a new intermetallic gallide, R-CePd{sub 3}Ga{sub 8}, have been synthesized from excess molten gallium. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction reveals that R-CePd{sub 3}Ga{sub 8} crystallizes in the R-3m space group with a=b=c=8.4903(10) A and {alpha}={beta}={gamma}=89.993(17). R-CePd{sub 3}Ga{sub 8} is a variant of the cubic BaHg{sub 11} structure type with three structural units: a Ce-centered polyhedron, a distorted cube of Pd{sub 2}Ga{sub 6} and a Pd-centered cuboctahedron. The distortions of these units are compared to undistorted analogous units in intermetallic compounds with BaHg{sub 11} structure type. Field and temperature-dependent magnetization measurements on R-CePd{sub 3}Ga{sub 8} reveal a paramagnetic material with strong antiferromagnetic correlations and a magnetization consistent with Ce{sup 3+}. Electrical resistance measurements indicate Kondo behavior between localized Ce{sup 3+} magnetic moments. - Graphical Abstract: Single crystals of CePd{sub 3}Ga{sub 8} have been synthesized from Ga flux. This new compound is the first rhombohedral variant of the cubic BaHg{sub 11} structure type. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Triangle Single crystals of CePd{sub 3}Ga{sub 8} were synthesized from gallium flux. Black-Right-Pointing-Triangle CePd{sub 3}Ga{sub 8} is the first rhombohedral variant of the cubic BaHg{sub 11} structure type. Black-Right-Pointing-Triangle Paramagnetic with antiferromagnetic correlations. Black-Right-Pointing-Triangle Magnetization consistent with Ce{sup 3+}.

Macaluso, Robin T., E-mail: robin.macaluso@unco.edu [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Northern Colorado, Greeley, CO 80639 (United States); Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700S. Cass Ave., Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); Francisco, Melanie [Department of Chemistry, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL60208 (United States); Young, David P.; Stadler, Shane [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803 (United States); Mitchell, John F.; Geiser, Urs [Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700S. Cass Ave., Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); Hong, Han-yul [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Northern Colorado, Greeley, CO 80639 (United States); Kanatzidis, Mercouri G. [Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700S. Cass Ave., Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); Department of Chemistry, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL60208 (United States)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

182

Microsoft Word - Hg.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

products such as thermometers, batteries, electrical switches, and fluorescent light bulbs. In California, however, a significant amount of mercury enters the envi-...

183

Continuum absorption spectra in the far wings of the Hg {sup 1}{ital S}{sub 0}{r_arrow}{sup 3}{ital P}{sub 1} resonance line broadened by Ar  

SciTech Connect

Absolute reduced absorption coefficients for the Hg resonance line at 253.7 nm broadened by Ar were determined between 390 and 430 K in the spectral range from 20 to 1000 cm{sup {minus}1} on the red wing and from 20 to 400 cm{sup {minus}1} on the blue wing. The resultant reduced absorption coefficients are in fair agreement with those obtained by Petzold and Behmenburg [Z. Naturtorsch. Teil A {bold 33}, 1461 (1978)]. The observed {ital A}{sup 3}0{sup +}{l_arrow}{ital X}{sup 1}0{sup +} spectrum in the spectral range from 80 to 800 cm{sup {minus}1} on the red wing agrees remarkably well both in shape and magnitude with the quasistatic line shape calculated using the potential-energy curves of the HgAr van der Waals molecule given by Fuke, Saito, and Kaya [J. Chem. Phys. {bold 81}, 2591 (1984)], and Yamanouchi {ital et} {ital al}. [J. Chem. Phys. {bold 88}, 205 (1988)]. The blue-wing spectrum is interpreted as the {ital B}{sup 3}1{l_arrow}{ital X}{sup 1}0{sup +} free-free transition of HgAr by a simulation of the spectrum using uniform semiclassical treatment for the free-free Franck-Condon factor. The source of the satellites on the blue wing is attributed to the phase-interference effect arising from a stationary phase-shift difference between the {ital B}- and {ital X}-state translational wave functions. The stationary phase-shift difference arises owing to the existence of a maximum in the difference potential between the {ital B} and {ital X} states. The repulsive branches of the potential-energy curves of HgAr for the {ital X} and {ital B} states have been revised to give excellent agreement between the observed and calculated spectra, both in shape and magnitude. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

Sato, Y.; Nakamura, T.; Okunishi, M.; Ohmori, K.; Chiba, H.; Ueda, K. [Research Institute for Scientific Measurements, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-77 (Japan)] [Research Institute for Scientific Measurements, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-77 (Japan)

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Near-Zero Emissions Oxy-Combustion Flue Gas Purification Task 3: SOx/NOx/Hg Removal for Low Sulfur Coal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goal of this project was to develop a near-zero emissions flue gas purification technology for existing PC (pulverized coal) power plants that are retrofitted with oxycombustion technology. The objective of Task 3 of this project was to evaluate an alternative method of SOx, NOx and Hg removal from flue gas produced by burning low sulfur coal in oxy-combustion power plants. The goal of the program was to conduct an experimental investigation and to develop a novel process for simultaneously removal of SOx and NOx from power plants that would operate on low sulfur coal without the need for wet-FGD & SCRs. A novel purification process operating at high pressures and ambient temperatures was developed. Activated carbonâ??s catalytic and adsorbent capabilities are used to oxidize the sulfur and nitrous oxides to SO{sub 3} and NO{sub 2} species, which are adsorbed on the activated carbon and removed from the gas phase. Activated carbon is regenerated by water wash followed by drying. The development effort commenced with the screening of commercially available activated carbon materials for their capability to remove SO{sub 2}. A bench-unit operating in batch mode was constructed to conduct an experimental investigation of simultaneous SOx and NOx removal from a simulated oxyfuel flue gas mixture. Optimal operating conditions and the capacity of the activated carbon to remove the contaminants were identified. The process was able to achieve simultaneous SOx and NOx removal in a single step. The removal efficiencies were >99.9% for SOx and >98% for NOx. In the longevity tests performed on a batch unit, the retention capacity could be maintained at high level over 20 cycles. This process was able to effectively remove up to 4000 ppm SOx from the simulated feeds corresponding to oxyfuel flue gas from high sulfur coal plants. A dual bed continuous unit with five times the capacity of the batch unit was constructed to test continuous operation and longevity. Full-automation was implemented to enable continuous operation (24/7) with minimum operator supervision. Continuous run was carried out for 40 days. Very high SOx (>99.9%) and NOx (98%) removal efficiencies were also achieved in a continuous unit. However, the retention capacity of carbon beds for SOx and NOx was decreased from ~20 hours to ~10 hours over a 40 day period of operation, which was in contrast to the results obtained in a batch unit. These contradictory results indicate the need for optimization of adsorption-regeneration cycle to maintain long term activity of activated carbon material at a higher level and thus minimize the capital cost of the system. In summary, the activated carbon process exceeded performance targets for SOx and NOx removal efficiencies and it was found to be suitable for power plants burning both low and high sulfur coals. More efforts are needed to optimize the system performance.

Monica Zanfir; Rahul Solunke; Minish Shah

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Specific features of the temperature dependence of the conduction electron concentration in the narrow-gap and zero-gap states of Cd{sub x}Hg{sub 1-x}Te  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Results of studies of the conductivity {sigma} and the Hall coefficient R in the Cd{sub x}Hg{sub 1-x}Te crystals with x = 0.1, 0.12, 0.14, and 0.15 are analyzed in the temperature range T = 4.2-300 K and the magnetic field range B = 0.005-2.22 T. Using data on the R(B) in low and high magnetic fields and the data on {sigma}(T), electron and hole concentrations and mobilities are determined. It is shown that the electron concentration n in the studied samples is almost independent of T in the range 4.2-15 K, while as T increases, it increases according to the law n {proportional_to} T {sup r} (r > 3/2), where r = f(n, T, x). It is found that r varies from 1.7 at x = 0.1 to 3.1 at compositions with x = 0.14 and 0.15. The results for n(T) are compared with theory, taking into account nonparabolicity of the variance law for {epsilon}(T), and with the theory of impurity states in narrow-gap and zero-gap semiconductors. It is shown that the constancy of n(T) up to {approx}15 K and the strong dependence n(T) (r > 3/2) at higher temperatures are caused by the intense ionization of electrons localized at acceptor states.

Aliev, S. A.; Zulfigarov, E. I.; Selim-zade, R. I. [Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Institute of Physics (Azerbaijan)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

186

DENSE PHASE REBURN COMBUSTION SYSTEM (DPRCS) DEMONSTRATION ON A 154 MWE TANGENTIAL FURNACE: ADDITIONAL AREA OF INTEREST-TO DEVELOP AND DEMONSTRATE AN IN-FURNACE MULTI-POLLUTANT REDUCTION TECHNOLOGY TO REDUCE NOx, SO2 & Hg  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Semi-dense phase pneumatic delivery and injection of calcium and sodium sorbents, and microfine powdered coal, at various sidewall elevations of an online operating coal-fired power plant, was investigated for the express purpose of developing an in-furnace, economic multi-pollutant reduction methodology for NO{sub x}, SO{sub 2} & Hg. The 154 MWe tangentially-fired furnace that was selected for a full-scale demonstration, was recently retrofitted for NO{sub x} reduction with a high velocity rotating-opposed over-fire air system. The ROFA system, a Mobotec USA technology, has a proven track record of breaking up laminar flow along furnace walls, thereby enhancing the mix of all constituents of combustion. The knowledge gained from injecting sorbents and micronized coal into well mixed combustion gases with significant improvement in particulate retention time, should serve well the goals of an in-furnace multi-pollutant reduction technology; that of reducing back-end cleanup costs on a wide variety of pollutants, on a cost per ton basis, by first accomplishing significant in-furnace reductions of all pollutants.

Allen C. Wiley; Steven Castagnero; Geoff Green; Kevin Davis; David White

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

TransForum v3n2 - GAPC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

new study sponsored by General Motors Corporation (GM) and supported by Argonne, BP, ExxonMobil, and Shell may bring us one step closer to finding the answer. On March 21, 2001, at...

188

TransForum v4n2 - Diesel Reformer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 ARGONNE SCIENTISTS TEAM UP TO DEVELOP NEW DIESEL REFORMER Liu tests diesel reformer Argonne's Di-Jia Liu conducted extensive testing of the diesel reformer; his experiments are...

189

TransForum v9n2 - PHEV Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PHEVs Need Further Research for Acceptable Payback PHEVs Need Further Research for Acceptable Payback Fuel Consumption as a Function of Distance PHEV graph In order to double the fuel displacement obtained with a 4kWh battery, the battery size had to be quadrupled to 16kWh. Aymeric Rousseau and his team at Argonne studied the impact of real-world drive cycles on the fuel efficiency and costs of different plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) configurations. They found that while different PHEV configurations all demonstrated great potential for replacing gasoline (with less gasoline consumed as more electricity was used), the benefit of adding a larger battery seemed to decrease with increasing battery pack size. "In general, the larger the battery, the more fuel saved," said Rousseau, principal investigator of the vehicle modeling and simulation

190

SSQ V1 N2_6june11_FINAL  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

2 2011 2 2011 Comments Questions or comments regarding the Stockpile Stewardship Quarterly should be directed to Terri.Batuyong@nnsa.doe.gov Technical Editor: Douglas Drake, Publication Editor: Millicent Mischo Inside This Issue Stockpile Stewardship Quarterly Defense Programs Stockpile Stewardship in Action Volume 1, Number 2 What do physicists and paparazzi have in common? They know that a picture is worth a thousand words! For this issue of the Stockpile Stewardship Quarterly, the theme is advances in imaging diagnostics. Not only do the images tell a story, as asserted in the old axiom, about the dynamics of high-explosives, laser or pulsed power-driven events, but they are also becoming very quantitative. The

191

TransForum v8n2 - Challenge X Winner  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

University team designed and engineered a through-the-road (TTR) parallel hybrid electric vehicle with all-wheel drive using a 1.9L GM sourced turbocharged direct injection...

192

TransForum v9n2 - Low Temperature Combustion  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Low-Temperature Combustion Knocks Out NOx, Saves Fuel and Money One of the hottest concepts in clean diesel technology is low-temperature combustion (LTC). Engineers from Argonne's...

193

TransForum v9n2 - FASTRAX  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

recent results of hydrogen combustion engine research at the SAE World Congress in Detroit, Michigan, April 2009. The work, co-authored by Abhijeet Nande and Jeff Naber (both...

194

Some ternary Diophantine equations of signature (n, n, 2) - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with n = 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 11, 13, 17 and D ? {2, 3, 5, 6, 10, 11, 13, 17}. ... n, D that occur in the statement and for each n ? 17, there are some values of D for which  ...

195

TransForum v9n2 - Green Fuel Depot  

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> Alternative Fuels Autonomie Batteries Downloadable Dynamometer Database Engines Green Racing GREET Hybrid Electric Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Materials Modeling,...

196

TransForum v8n2 - ALMS Green Challenge  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

> Alternative Fuels Autonomie Batteries Downloadable Dynamometer Database Engines Green Racing GREET Hybrid Electric Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Materials Modeling,...

197

K2TiF6-Ti/N2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Comparative Study of Liquid Phase Sintering vs Spark-plasma Sintering of ... Assessment of Electrical Contact Resistance in Spark-plasma Sintering Graphite  ...

198

TransForum v4n2 - Argonne Researchers  

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research that the society specifically mentioned in its citation were his involvement in heat exchanger development at Cummins Engine Co. But for Sekar, his greatest achievements...

199

TransForum v9n2 - KATECH MOU  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

On May 16, 2009, Argonne entered into a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with the Korea Automotive Technology Institute (KATECH). Steven Chu, the U.S. Department of Energy...

200

Vent Stack Liquid N2 RTD Temperature Sensor  

SciTech Connect

This engineering note documents the installation of two temperature sensing RTD's in the BC's. Previously, the temperature sensing device used in all three cryostats consisted of a FNAL designed liquid sensing probe (see EN-168, and drawing ME-273505). This device was necessary because of the concern that overfilling LN2 into the main vent line during cooldown could create an undesirable back pressure on the relief valves or rupture disks. This could possibly hinder the relieving of argon gas at the required flow rate in a safety situation. The probe was installed on the CC, and has been operating perfectly, therefore, this probe will not be changed. Figure 1 shows the location of TS232E, the CC liquid sensing probe. Note that the probe is located downstream of the condenser outlet valve (PV210N), therefore, it effectively operates under atmospheric pressure. On the BC's, however, the probe was originally installed at a different location, upstream of the condenser outlet valve (PV110N or PV310N). This resulted in the probe effectively sensing the condenser pressure, which varied from approximately 30 psia to 60 psia during cooldown. The changing pressure meant that the corresponding temperature at which liquid appeared also changed. The probe then became inaccurate, especially at higher condenser pressures, when the probe would be fail to trip at the higher liquid temperature. The solution was to replace the original probe with an RTD. This involved using the PLC to compare the temperature sensed by the RTD to the liquid saturation temperature, calculated using the measured condenser pressure. A formula was created to calculate the saturation temperature from the condenser pressure. This formula was derived by curve fitting points taken from the NBS Technical Note 129 for nitrogen. A 2nd order equation was used to fit the points, since the accuracy was not very important for temperature comparison. The entire equation was then shifted so that the curve was above all of the actual points. This was done to insure that the formula would provide higher temperatures, so the comparison to the RTD would be conservative, switching before the temperature reached saturation. Figure 2 shows the curve used to fit the data points. The lower curve is the actual data, and the higher curve is the formula to be used. Using the formula derived, the PLC calculates a conservative saturation temperature from the condenser pressure. The condenser pressure is measured by PT110N or PT310N, on the ECN and ECS, respectively. The transmitters are Rosemount 0-75 psia pressure transmitters. The PLC then compares the calculated temperature to the measured temperature from the RTD's, EIl32E and EI332E, which are Omega platinum RTD probes, model PR-14-2-100-1/4-12-E. If the measured temperature drops below the calculated saturation temperature, an alarm signals on the view page, and the PLC automatically closes the two inlet condenser valves (PV 101N and PV102N, or PV301N and PV302N). As a final note, there are various advantages and disadvantages to using the RTD's instead of the original probe. The advantages are that the RTD's provide constant monitoring of the temperature, whereas the probe was basically designed as a switch. The RTD's are more accurate in that they can respond over the range of the condenser pressure. The probe was designed to operate under atmospheric pressure. The only disadvantage of the RTD's is that they sense temperature, therefore, they cannot distinguish saturated GN2 from liquid, while the probe was designed specifically to do so. Overall, however, the RTD's provide an acceptable solution to the problem of liquid sensing in the vent line. Figure 3 shows the final location of the RTD on the ECN. The ECS location is the same.

Wu, J.; /Fermilab

1991-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n2 h2s hg" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

TransForum v8n2 - Challenge X Winner  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

announced in Washington, D.C. Seventeen teams have been selected from the U.S. and Canada to participate in this prestigious event. EcoCAR is the latest in a 19-year series of...

202

TransForum v9n2 -ECOCAR 2009 Winner  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of the U.S. Department of Energy and Lisa Raitt, Minister of Natural Resources, Canada (both far right). The six-day competition was held in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, and...

203

TransForum v9n2 - Smart Grid  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Argonne transportation researchers created this interactive model to demonstrate how the smart grid interacts with different types of consumers. As the "smart" power grid moves...

204

Ultraviolet Light Initiated Oxidation of Elemental Hg  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The PCO Process for Removal of Mercury from Flue Gas The PCO Process for Removal of Mercury from Flue Gas Christopher R. McLarnon, Ph.D. Powerspan Corp., P.O. Box 219, 54 Old Bay Road, New Durham, NH 03855 Evan J. Granite* and Henry W. Pennline National Energy Technology Laboratory, United States Department of Energy, P.O. Box 10940, MS 58-106, Pittsburgh, PA 15236-0940 *Corresponding author. Tel.: +1412-386-4607; fax: +1412-386-6004 E-mail address: evan.granite@netl.doe.gov Abstract A promising technology has been developed to capture and remove elemental mercury species from coal-fired power plants. Powerspan Corp. has licensed the technology and initiated a bench and pilot test program to develop the Photochemical Oxidation, or PCO(tm), process for

205

HIGH TEMPERATURE SUPERCONDUCTORS: II: YBCO and Hg ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Also other geometries were investigated, demonstrating the new application of ... A. Ivanova, A.E. Kaloyeros, State University of New York at Albany, Albany, NY ...

206

Surface characterization of Pd/Al2O3 sorbents for mercury capture from fuel gas  

SciTech Connect

The surface composition of a series of Pd/alumina sorbents has been characterized to better understand the factors influencing their ability to adsorb mercury from fuel gas. Both a temperature effect and a dispersion effect were found. Maximum adsorption of Hg occurred at the -lowest temperature tested, 204°C, and decreased with increasing temperatures. Maximum adsorption of Hg on a per-atom basis of Pd is observed at low loadings of Pd ( < 8.5% Pd) due to better dispersion of Pd at those loadings; a change in its partitioning occurs at higher loadings. The presence of H2S 'in the fuel gas acts to promote the adsorption of Hg through its association with Hg in the Pd lattice.

Baltrus, J.P.; Granite, E.J.; Stanko, D.C.; Pennline, H.W.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

New ambient pressure organic superconductors:. alpha. -(BEDT-TTF) sub 2 (NH sub 4 )Hg(SCN) sub 4 ,. beta. m-(BEDO-TTF) sub 3 Cu sub 2 (NCS) sub 3 , and. kappa. -(BEDT-TTF) sub 2 Cu(N(CN) sub 2 )Br  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

More than one hundred and twenty conducting salts based on the organic donor-molecule BEDT-TTF are known, where BEDT-TTF is bis(ethylenedithio)tetrathiafulvalene (abbreviated herein as ET). Several of the early salts possessed tetrahedral and octahedral anions, such as (ET){sub 2}ClO{sub 4}(TCE), (ET){sub 2}PF{sub 6}, (ET){sub 2}ReO{sub 4}, and (ET){sub 2}BrO{sub 4}. The perchlorate salt is metallic to 1.4 K,{sup 1} and the perrenate derivative was the first ET based organic superconductor ({Tc} 2 K, 4.5 kbar). Since the discovery of ambient pressure superconductivity in {beta}-(ET){sub 2}I{sub 3} ({Tc} 1.4 K),{sup 5} other isostructural {beta}-(ET){sub 2}X salts have been prepared with higher {Tc}'s. A structure-property correlation for the {beta}-type salts has been reviewed in this volume; it predicts that {Tc}'s higher than 8K are possible if {beta}-salts with linear anions longer than I{sub 3}{sup {minus}} can be synthesized. During the search for new linear anions, a variety of compounds with discovered with polymeric anions. The report of superconductivity in {kappa}-(ET){sub 4}Hg{sub 3}X{sub 8} (X = Cl, {Tc} 5.4 K 29 kbar and X = Br, {Tc} 4.3 K ambient pressure and 6.7 K 3.5 kbar) and {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu(NCS){sub 2} ({Tc} 10.4 K) further stimulated the search for novel polymeric anions. A general synthetic strategy for preparing new salts containing polymeric anions is to couple a coordinatively unsaturated neutral transition metal halide/pseudohalide with a simple halide or pseudohalide during an electrocrystallization synthesis. In this article, the authors discuss three new ambient pressure organic superconductors with novel polymeric anions, {alpha}-(ET){sub 2}(NH{sub 4})Hg(SCN){sub 4}, {beta}m-(BO){sub 3}Cu{sub 2}(NCS){sub 3} and {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu(N(CN){sub 2})Br. 48 refs., 8 figs., 2 tabs.

Wang, H.H.; Beno, M.A.; Carlson, K.D.; Geiser, U.; Kini, A.M.; Montgomery, L.K.; Thompson, J.E.; Williams, J.M.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

6 magazine a u t u m n 2 0 1 1 a u t u m n 2 0 1 1 magazine 7  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Solazyme, Incorporated, "Development of Pilot Production Plants for Soladiesel RD Utilizing) Renewable Diesel Solazyme, Inc. In Progress Non-Attainment (All) Source: Energy Commission staff analysis as a high percentage of sensitive populations. #12;2 Project Name Solazyme, Incorporated

Duong, Timothy Q.

209

Microsoft Word - Enhanced FGD Hg Capture Economics FINAL May2008...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Co-Benefit Enhancement Technologies Prepared for U.S. Department of Energy Office of Fossil Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory Innovations for Existing Plants Program...

210

Hg Anomalies In Soils- A Geochemical Exploration Method For Geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Unavailable DOI: Unavailable Source: View Original Journal Article Mercury Vapor At Breitenbush Hot Springs Area (Varekamp & Buseck, 1983) Mercury Vapor At Desert Peak Area...

211

Packed bed reactor for photochemical .sup.196 Hg isotope separation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Straight tubes and randomly oriented pieces of tubing having been employed in a photochemical mercury enrichment reactor and have been found to improve the enrichment factor (E) and utilization (U) compared to a non-packed reactor. One preferred embodiment of this system uses a moving bed (via gravity) for random packing.

Grossman, Mark W. (Belmont, MA); Speer, Richard (Reading, MA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Technology could deliver 90% Hg reduction from coal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reducing mercury emissions at coal-fired power plants by 90% has been considered the holy grail of mercury control. A new technology promises to get used there, but at a price. This is a mixture of chemical approaches, including activated carbon injection into the gases coming off the combustor along with injection of trona or calcium carbonate to reduce sulfur trioxide in the exhaust gases. The trick according to Babcock and Wilcox's manager Sam Kumar, to 'capture the mercury as a particulate on the carbon and then capture the particulate' in an electrostatic precipitator or a fabric filter baghouse. 2 figs.

Maize, K.

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

213

Safety Bulletin 2005-08: Safe Management of Mercury (Hg)  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

in quantities ranging from milliliters to over 100 pounds. Improper cleanup of one spill led to the contamination of four workers. Another 30 percent of those incidents involved...

214

Revisiting HgCl2: A Solution- and Solid-State 199Hg NMR and ZORA-DFT Computational Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hydrogen bonding to the chlorine [14]. The observation ofbonded interactions with chlorines on adjacent molecules (radius [54] of 175 pm for chlorine, a calculation shows that

Taylor, Robert E; Carver, Colin T; Larsen, Ross E; Dmitrenko, Olga; Bai, Shi; Dybowski, Cecil

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

TransForum v9n2 - Energy Frontier Research Centers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Frontier Research Centers Promise Advances in Transportation Technologies Energy Frontier Research Centers Promise Advances in Transportation Technologies IACT The solid-electrolyte interface is a critical component in electrochemical energy storage. Because of the high reactivity between the electrolyte and the electrodes at the SEI interface, Li-ion batteries show limited calendar and cycle life--less than two years, which is much lower than the 15 years required for enabling this technology in vehicles. CEES The platinum particle is interacting with a molecule of propanol. The propanol is a gas phase surrogate for the heavier cellulose materials that are the focus of one of Argonne's Energy Frontier Research Centers, the Institute for Atom-Efficient Chemical Transformations. The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Office of Science recently

216

TransForum v7n2 - Catalyst Breakthrough Boosts Hydrogen Fuel...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

vacuum system used in their electrocatalysis work. Our nation's dependence on foreign sources for transportation fuels threatens our economic and national security but how...

217

Ray optical light trapping in silicon microwires: exceeding the 2n2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Shen, T. Mallouk, E. Dickey, T. Mayer, and J. Redwing, "Radial junction silicon wire array solar cells

Heaton, Thomas H.

218

TransForum v7n2 - Argonne-developed Cerium-Oxide Catalyst Helps...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Argonne-developed Cerium-Oxide Catalyst Helps Eliminate NOx from Diesel Exhaust equipment used to test the Cu-ZSM-5 catalyst Argonne post-doctoral associate Sundar Krishnan (left),...

219

TransForum v8n2 - DeNOX Catalyst License  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Integrated Fuel Technologies Gets Worldwide License for Argonne-developed Diesel DeNOX Catalyst Argonne chemist Chris Marshall (front) displays a container of the catalyst while...

220

TransForum v9n2 - Air Force Fellows and Smarter Diesel Engines  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Air Force Fellows Help Work Toward Smarter Diesel Engines Air force fellows Major Clint Abell (center), Steve McConnell, Lt. Col. Jeff Gillen, Thomas Wallner and Steve Ciatti (in...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n2 h2s hg" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

COLLOQUE DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C2, supplement au n2. Tome 51, Fevrier 1990  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and brine with p~ = Swpw+ Sopo and K;,' = S,K; + SoK; (where p,, po, Kw and K,, are water and oil densities

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

222

N2: Fabrication of Uranium Dispersion Targets for Mo-99 Production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Uranium metal powder was fabricated by a centrifugal atomization technique. Uranium content of the dispersion targets was controlled to be 3, 6 and 9 g-U/ cm2 ...

223

Adaptive posicast controller for time-delay systems with relative degree n*?2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present an Adaptive Posicast Controller that deals with parametric uncertainties in linear systems with delays. It is assumed that the plant has no right half plane zeros and the delay is known. The adaptive controller is based on the ... Keywords: Adaptive control, Model matching, Time-delay systems

Yildiray Yildiz; Anuradha Annaswamy; Ilya V. Kolmanovsky; Diana Yanakiev

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

TransForum v5n2 - DOE Officials Visit Argonne's Transportation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

supports the cell on a rugged, inexpensive metal, rather than a brittle, expensive ceramic, and incorporates sealing of the fuel chamber into the single-cell fabrication...

225

TransForum v9n2 -Transportation at Argonne Open House  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technologies Shine at Argonne's Open House jehlikgroupopenhouse Researcher Forrest Jehlik shows open house visitors how to use Argonne's driving simulator. aroraopenhousegrou...

226

Infrared Spectra of C3H3 +-N2 Dimers: Identification of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

T. Hanna & Mendi Stauffer Hanna Teresa L. Hanna & Christopher D. Hanna Carol Carpenter Hannon & W. Scott

Maier, John Paul

227

Benzyl-Functionalized Room Temperature Ionic Liquids for CO2/N2 Separation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, three classes of room temperature ionic liquids (RTILs), including imidazolium, pyridinium, and pyrrolidinium ionic liquids with a benzyl group appended to the cation, were synthesized and tested for their performance in separating CO{sub 2} and N{sub 2}. All RTILs contained the bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide anion, permitting us to distinguish the impact of the benzyl moiety attached to the cation on gas separation performance. In general, the attachment of the benzyl group increased the viscosity of the ionic liquid compared with the unfunctionalized analogs and decreased the CO{sub 2} permeability. However, all of the benzyl-modified ionic liquids exhibited enhanced CO{sub 2}/N{sub 2} selectivities compared with alkyl-based ionic liquids, with values ranging from 22.0 to 33.1. In addition, CO{sub 2} solubilities in the form of Henry's constants were also measured and compared with unfunctionalized analogs. Results of the membrane performance tests and CO{sub 2} solubility measurements demonstrate that the benzyl-functionalized RTILs have significant potential for use in the separation of carbon dioxide from combustion products.

Mahurin, Shannon Mark [ORNL; Dai, Thomas N [ORNL; Yeary, Joshua S [ORNL; Luo, Huimin [ORNL; Dai, Sheng [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

TransForum v5n2 - Argonne's "Composite-Structure" Electrodes...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

primarily for leveling the load on the internal combustion engine (ICE) and for capturing energy associated with regenerative braking. If fuel prices continue to rise, automakers...

229

TransForum v8n2 - Drive Cycle Impact on PHEVs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

studied the impact of drive cycles on the component requirements of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). Results showed that vehicles designed to satisy the urban...

230

Synthesis and Characterization of Th2N2(NH) Isomorphous to Th2N3  

SciTech Connect

Using a new, low-temperature, fluoride-based process, thorium nitride imide of the chemical formula Th{sub 2}N{sub 2}(NH) was synthesized from thorium dioxide via an ammonium thorium fluoride intermediate. The resulting product phase was characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis and was found to be crystallographically similar to Th{sub 2}N{sub 3}. Its unit cell was hexagonal with a space group of P3m{bar 1} and lattice parameters of a = b = 3.886(1) and c = 6.185(2) {angstrom}. The presence of -NH in the nitride phase was verified by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Total energy calculations performed using all-electron scalar relativistic density functional theory (DFT) showed that the hydrogen atom in the Th{sub 2}N{sub 2}(NH) prefers to bond with nitrogen atoms occupying 1a Wyckoff positions of the unit cell. Lattice fringe disruptions observed in nanoparticle areas of the nitride species by high-resolution transmission electron microscopic (HRTEM) images also displayed some evidence for the presence of -NH group. As ThO{sub 2} was identified as an impurity, possible reaction mechanisms involving its formation are discussed.

Silva, G W Chinthaka M [ORNL; Yeamans, Charles B. [University of California, Berkeley; Hunn, John D [ORNL; Sattelberger, Alfred P [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Czerwinski, Ken R. [University of Nevada, Las Vegas; Weck, Dr. Phil F [University of Nevada, Las Vegas

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Multistep N2 Breathing in the Metal-Organic Framework Co(1,4-benzenedipyrazolate)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and in harmony with recent numerical simulations [20]. There is a surprise, however. Numerical [6., Thermochim. Acta, 238 (1994) 277. See also Modu- lated DSC, document TA210, T.A. Instruments, Inc., New

232

Structural and magnetic properties of MBE grown GeMnN2 thin films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Epitaxial GeMnN{sub 2} thin films are synthesized by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy. Transmission electron microscopy and x-ray diffraction measurements confirm that it is the orthorhombic variant, consistent with the predictions of first-principles calculations. The magnetic properties of the films are related to defects, with samples grown under Ge-rich conditions exhibiting a net magnetic moment above room temperature. These results are explained by first-principles calculations, indicating that the preferential substitution of one magnetic sublattice of GeMnN{sub 2} by impurities and/or intrinsic defects such as Ge antisites produces a net magnetic moment in an antiferromagnetic background, and also introduces spin-polarized carriers near the Fermi level.

Liu, Y [University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee; Lazarov, V. K. [University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee; Cheung, S.H. [University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee; Keavney, D.J. [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Gai, Zheng [ORNL; Gajdardziska-Josifovska, M [University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee; Weinert, M [University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee; Li, Lian [University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

TransForum v7n2 - Nanoexa, Decktron Collaborating with Argonne...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Department of Energy's (DOE's) Argonne National Laboratory. plug-in hybrid electric vehicle Next-generation rechargeable lithium batteries with increased power output, storage...

234

$1/N^2$ correction to free energy in hermitian two-matrix model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using the loop equations we find an explicit expression for genus 1 correction in hermitian two-matrix model in terms of holomorphic objects associated to spectral curve arising in large N limit. Our result generalises known expression for $F^1$ in hermitian one-matrix model. We discuss the relationship between $F^1$, Bergmann tau-function on Hurwitz spaces, G-function of Frobenius manifolds and determinant of Laplacian over spectral curve.

B. Eynard; A. Kokotov; D. Korotkin

2004-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

235

800,000 Year Ice-Core Records of Atmospheric Nitrous Oxide (N2O...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

create a long-term record to the present. These records are maintained by the World Data Center for Paleoclimatology, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), and...

236

Transported PDF Modeling of Nonpremixed Turbulent CO/H-2/N-2 Jet Flames  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Turbulent CO/H{sub 2}/N{sub 2} (“syngas”) flames are simulated using a transported composition probability density function (PDF) method. A consistent hybrid Lagrangian particle/Eulerian mesh algorithm is used to solve the modeled PDF transport equation. The model includes standard k–? turbulence, gradient transport for scalars, and Euclidean minimum spanning tree (EMST) mixing. Sensitivities of model results to variations in the turbulence model, the treatment of radiation heat transfer, the choice of chemical mechanism, and the PDF mixing model are explored. A baseline model reproduces the measured mean and rms temperature, major species, and minor species profiles reasonably well, and captures the scaling that is observed in the experiments. Both our results and the literature suggest that further improvements can be realized with adjustments in the turbulence model, the radiation heat transfer model, and the chemical mechanism. Although radiation effects are relatively small in these flames, consideration of radiation is important for accurate NO prediction. Chemical mechanisms that have been developed specifically for fuels with high concentrations of CO and H{sub 2} perform better than a methane mechanism that was not designed for this purpose. It is important to account explicitly for turbulence–chemistry interactions, although the details of the mixing model do not make a large difference in the results, within reasonable limits.

Zhao, xinyu; Haworth, D. C.; Huckaby, E. David

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

TransForum v7n2 - New Version of PSAT Released  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Program. PSAT is available on the Software Shop web site at http:www.anl.govtechtransferSoftwareShopPSATNPPSATNP.html. August 27, 2007 Related Items Contact Aymeric...

238

Abstract Anaerobic ammonium oxidation with nitrite to N2 (anammox) is a recently discovered microbial reaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

evaporator Membrane evaporation is a membrane contactor process through which an aqueous solution may contactor, by providing a contact with an air stream, which collects the evaporating water through membrane concentration was found to predict the TRS reduction with high accuracy. Ultra-centrifuge was used to separate

Alvarez, Pedro J.

239

Nuclear quantum effects in the structure and lineshapes of the N2 NEXAFS spectrum  

SciTech Connect

We study the relative ability of several models of the X-ray absorption spectrum to capture the Franck-Condon structure apparent from an experiment on gaseous nitrogen. In doing so, we adopt the Born-Oppenheimer approximation and a constrained density functional theory method for computing the energies of the X-ray-excited molecule. Starting from an otherwise classical model for the spectrum, we systematically introduce more realistic physics, first by substituting the quantum mechanical nuclear radial density in the bond separation R for the classical radial density, then by adding the effect of zero-point energy and other level shifts, and finally by including explicit rovibrational quantization of both the ground and excited states. The quantization is determined exactly, using a discrete variable representation. We show that the NEXAFS spectrum can be predicted semiquantiatively within this framework. We also address the possibility of non-trivial temperature dependence in the spectrum. Finally, we show that it is possible to improve the predicted spectrum by using constrained DFT in combination with more accurate potentials.

Fatehi, Shervin; Schwartz, Craig P.; Saykally, Richard J.; Prendergast, David

2009-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

240

TransForum v8n2 - U.S.-Sweden Joint PHEV Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PHEV Research The Argonne Smart Charge System Looking to jointly develop new plug-in hybrid vehicle (PHEV) technology and accelerate its consumer acceptance and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n2 h2s hg" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

TransForum v3n2 - Ethanol Additive for Diesel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ETHANOL FUEL ADDITIVE MAY HELP SOLVE THE DIESEL EMISSIONS PUZZLE The quest to reduce atmospheric emissions associated with diesel-fueled vehicles has faced a longstanding...

242

TransForum v9n2 - TTRDC Equipped with X-ray Vision  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Alan Kastengren examines a diesel injection nozzle used in Argonne's X-ray fuel spray research. Engineers at Argonne's Transportation Technology Research and Development...

243

An O(n^2) Algorithm for Lot Sizing with Inventory Bounds and Fixed ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jun 26, 2007 ... Abstract: Lot-sizing problems with inventory bounds and fixed charges have not received much attention in the literature, even though there are ...

244

TransForum v8n2 - EnerDel/Argonne Battery  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Contact TTRDC TransForum Vol. 8, No. 2 R&D 100 Award: EnerDelArgonne High-Power Battery for Hybrid Electric Vehicles The EnerDelArgonne Lithium-Ion Battery Khalil Amine, a...

245

TransForum v9n2 - Lithium-ion Battery Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Working With Argonne Contact TTRDC TransForum Vol. 9, No. 2 Argonne's Lithium-ion Battery Research Produces New Materials and Technology Transfer Successes li-ionbattery...

246

TransForum v5n2 - Argonne Expert Addresses Energy and Environmental...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

- virtually all of it produced from corn - the energy and environmental effects of using corn-based ethanol have nonetheless been questioned. A few researchers maintain that...

247

TransForum v8n2 - GREET 1.8b  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

hydrogenation, Coalbiomass co-feeding for Fitscher-Tropsch diesel production, Various corn ethanol plant types with different process fuels, and Pet coke to hydrogen...

248

A Calcium Coordination Framework Having Permanent Porosity and High CO2/N2 Selectivity  

SciTech Connect

A thermally stable, microporous calcium coordination network shows a reversible 5.75 wt % CO{sub 2} uptake at 273 K and 1 atm pressure, with an enthalpy of interaction of {approx}31 kJ/mol and a CO{sub 2}/N{sub 2} selectivity over 45 under ideal flue gas conditions. The absence of open metal sites in the activated material suggests a different mechanism for selectivity and high interaction energy compared to those for frameworks with open metal sites.

Banerjee D.; Parise J.; Zhang, Z.; Plonka, A.M.; Li, J.

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

249

Measurements of isotope effects in the photoionization of N2 and implications for Titan's atmosphere  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

= 1.00±0.02. Using the solar spectrum shown in Figure 2c forFor comparison, the solar spectrum from Woods et al. (1998)

Croteau, Philip

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Structures, Energetics and Spectroscopic Fingerprints of Water Clusters n = 2-24  

SciTech Connect

Water's function as a universal solvent and its role in mediating several biological functions that are responsible for sustaining life has created tremendous interest in the understanding of its structure at the molecular level.1 Due to the size of the simulation cells and the sampling time needed to compute many macroscopic properties, most of the initial simulations are performed using a classical force field whereas several processes that involve chemistry are subsequently probed with electronic structure based methods. A significant effort has therefore been devoted towards the development of classical force fields for water.2 Clusters of water molecules are useful in probing the intermolecular interactions at the microscopic level as well as providing information about the subtle energy differences that are associated with different bonding arrangements within a hydrogen bonded network. They moreover render a quantitative picture of the nature and magnitude of the various components of the intermolecular interactions such as exchange, dispersion, induction etc. They can finally serve as a vehicle for the study of the convergence of properties with increasing size.

Yoo, Soohaeng; Xantheas, Sotiris S.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

TransForum v8n2 - Advanced Lithium Battery Conference  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

lithium batteries for transportation applications, organizers from the U.S., Japan and Korea jointly initiated the conference. Among available battery technologies, lithium-ion...

252

TransForum v7n2 - A New Nanolubrication Technology May Solve...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

all of these problems can actually be blamed on low-sulfur diesel is debatable, but a lubricant additive that could economically solve them without causing separation or other...

253

N=2 and N=4 supergravities as compactifications from string theories in 10 dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We first review standard results of the compactification of type IIA and IIB supergravities on a Calabi-Yau threefold and illustrate mirror symmetry. Then we compactify the same theories on a class of generalized Calabi-Yau manifolds called Half-flat. We obtain the scalar potential, and we show that type IIA on a Half-flat manifold is mirror symmetric to type IIB on a Calabi-Yau threefold with electric NS-fluxes turned on. In the last part, we compute the full equations of motion for N=4 supergravity in central charge superspace with the graviphotons identified as central charge components of the vielbein. We show the equivalence with the formulation in components.

Sebastien Gurrieri

2004-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

254

TransForum v5n2 -University of Waterloo Students Win First-Year...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in Auburn Hills, Michigan. General Motors (GM), the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), and Argonne sponsored the event, which challenged 17 universities from across North...

255

NETL: Gasification  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Conditioning: Sulfur Recovery and Tail Gas Treating Conditioning: Sulfur Recovery and Tail Gas Treating Sulfuric Acid The option to recover sulfur in the form of sulfuric acid is practiced at Tampa Electric's IGCC demonstration plant, given the local demand for sulfuric acid for fertilizer manufacture in this area of Florida. Figure 1 shows a simplified flow of the Tampa Electric IGCC sulfuric acid plant. The sulfuric acid plant receives the H2S from the AGR unit and H2S and ammonia from the water stripper. The gas streams are then burned in a decomposition furnace, where the H2S produces primarily SO2 with trace amounts of SO3, sulfuric acid and elemental sulfur and the ammonia is converted to N2 and water. The decomposition furnace exit gas is cooled from about 1,950°F to 650°F in a waste heat boiler to produce medium pressure steam for in plant use. The gas is then further cooled and dried. This step produces a 'weak acid' waste stream which needs to be neutralized before discharging into the cooling pond. The SO2 and oxygen (from either air or an air separation plant) then react over a vanadium based catalyst bed in a converter according to the reaction;

256

Process for Preparing Palladium Alloy Composite Membranes for ...  

Hydrocarbon reforming and coal gasification; Applications and Industries. Resistant to H 2 S poisoning;

257

Density-functional study of organicinorganic hybrid single crystal ZnSe,,C2H8N2...12  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Chemical Biology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854 Received 19 September 2003; accepted 13 January 2004 Unusual properties i.e., strong band dispersion, high carrier mobility, wide absorption their performances. However, organic materials generally suffer1,3 low electron/hole mobility which is caused

Li, Jing

258

The European land and inland water CO2, CO, CH4 and N2O balance between 2001 and 2005  

SciTech Connect

Globally, terrestrial ecosystems have absorbed about 30% of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions over the period 2000-2007 and inter-hemispheric gradients indicate that a significant fraction of terrestrial carbon sequestration must be north of the Equator. We present a compilation of the CO{sub 2}, CO, CH{sub 4} and N{sub 2}O balances of Europe following a dual constraint approach in which (1) a land-based balance derived mainly from ecosystem carbon inventories and (2) a land-based balance derived from flux measurements are compared to (3) the atmospheric data-based balance derived from inversions constrained by measurements of atmospheric GHG (greenhouse gas) concentrations. Good agreement between the GHG balances based on fluxes (1294 {+-} 545 Tg C in CO{sub 2}-eq yr{sup -1}), inventories (1299 {+-} 200 Tg C in CO{sub 2}-eq yr{sup -1}) and inversions (1210 {+-} 405 Tg C in CO{sub 2}-eq yr{sup -1}) increases our confidence that the processes underlying the European GHG budget are well understood and reasonably sampled. However, the uncertainty remains large and largely lacks formal estimates. Given that European net land to atmosphere exchanges are determined by a few dominant fluxes, the uncertainty of these key components needs to be formally estimated before efforts could be made to reduce the overall uncertainty. The net land-to-atmosphere flux is a net source for CO{sub 2}, CO, CH{sub 4} and N{sub 2}O, because the anthropogenic emissions by far exceed the biogenic sink strength. The dual-constraint approach confirmed that the European biogenic sink removes as much as 205 {+-} 72 Tg C yr{sup -1} from fossil fuel burning from the atmosphere. However, This C is being sequestered in both terrestrial and inland aquatic ecosystems. If the C-cost for ecosystem management is taken into account, the net uptake of ecosystems is estimated to decrease by 45% but still indicates substantial C-sequestration. However, when the balance is extended from CO{sub 2} towards the main GHGs, C-uptake by terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems is offset by emissions of non-CO{sub 2} GHGs. As such, the European ecosystems are unlikely to contribute to mitigating the effects of climate change.

Luyassaert, S [CEA-CNRS-UVSQ, LSCE; Abril, G [Laboratoire EPOC, CNRS; Andres, Robert Joseph [ORNL; Bastviken, D [Linkoping University; Bellassen, V [CEA-CNRS-UVSQ, LSCE; Bergamaschi, P [European Commission Joint Research Centre; Bousquet, P [CEA-CNRS-UVSQ, LSCE; Chevallier, F [CEA-CNRS-UVSQ, LSCE; Ciais, P. [LSCE/CEA, Gif-sur-Yvette, France; Corazza, M [European Commission Joint Research Centre; Dechow, R [Johann Heinrich von Thünen Institute; Erb, K-H [Alpen-Adria Universitaet Klagenfurt-Vienna-Graz; Etiope, G [Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia; Fortems-Cheiney, A [CEA-CNRS-UVSQ, LSCE; Grassi, G [European Commission Joint Research Centre; Hartmann, J [University of Hamburg; Jung, M. [Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry; Lathiere, J [CEA-CNRS-UVSQ, LSCE; Lohila, A [Finnish Meteorological institute; Mayorga, E [University of Washington; Moosdorf, N [University of Hamburg; Njakou, D [University of Antwerp; Otto, J [CEA-CNRS-UVSQ, LSCE; Papale, D. [University of Tuscia; Peters, W [Wageningen University and Research Centre, The Netherlands; Peylin, P [CEA-CNRS-UVSQ, LSCE; Raymond, Peter A [Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies; Rodenbeck, C [Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry; Saarnio, S [University of Eastern Finland; Schulze, E.-D. [Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry; Szopa, S [CEA-CNRS-UVSQ, LSCE; Thompson, R [CEA-CNRS-UVSQ, LSCE; Verkerk, P [European Forest Institute; Vuichard, N [CEA-CNRS-UVSQ, LSCE; Wang, R [Peking University; Wattenbach, M [Helmholtz Centre Potsdam GFZ German Research Centre For Geosciences; Zaehle, S [Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Subtask 1.22 - Microbial Cycling of CH4, CO2, and N2O in a Wetlands Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soil microbial metabolic activities play an important role in determining CO{sub 2}, CH{sub 4}, and N{sub 2}O fluxes from terrestrial ecosystems. To verify and evaluate CO{sub 2} sequestration potential by wetland restoration in the Prairie Pothole Region (PPR), as well as to address concern over restoration effects on CH{sub 4} and N{sub 2}O emissions, laboratory and in situ microcosm studies on microbial cycling of CO{sub 2}, CH{sub 4}, and N{sub 2}O were initiated. In addition, to evaluate the feasibility of the use of remote sensing to detect soil gas flux from wetlands, a remote-sensing investigation was also conducted. Results of the laboratory microcosm study unequivocally proved that restoration of PPR wetlands does sequester atmospheric CO{sub 2}. Under the experimental conditions, the simulated restored wetlands did not promote neither N{sub 2}O nor CH{sub 4} fluxes. Application of ammonia enhanced both N{sub 2}O and CH{sub 4} emission, indicating that restoration of PPR wetlands may reduce both N{sub 2}O and CH{sub 4} emission by cutting N-fertilizer input. Enhancement of CO{sub 2} emission by the N-fertilizer was observed, and this observation revealed an overlooked fact that application of N-fertilizer may potentially increase CO{sub 2} emission. In addition, the CO{sub 2} results also demonstrate that wetland restoration sequesters atmospheric carbon not only by turning soil conditions from aerobic to anoxic, but also by cutting N-fertilizer input that may enhance CO{sub 2} flux. The investigation on microbial community structure and population dynamics showed that under the experimental conditions restoration of the PPR wetlands would not dramatically increase population sizes of those microorganisms that produce N{sub 2}O and CH{sub 4}. Results of the in situ study proved that restoration of the PPR wetland significantly reduced CO{sub 2} flux. Ammonia enhanced the greenhouse gas emission and linearly correlated to the CO{sub 2} flux within the experimental rate range (46-200 kg N ha{sup -1}). The results also clarified that the overall reduction in global warming potential (GWP) by the PPR wetland restoration was mainly contributed from reduction in CO{sub 2} flux. These results demonstrate that restoration of currently farmed PPR wetlands will significantly reduce the overall GWP budget. Remote sensing investigations indicate that while the 15-meter resolution of the imagery was sufficient to delineate multiple zones in larger wetlands, it was not sufficient for correlation with the ground-based gas flux measurement data, which were collected primarily for smaller wetland sites (<250 meters) in the areas evaluated by this task. To better evaluate the feasibility of using satellite imagery to quantify wetland gas flux, either higher-resolution satellite imagery or gas flux data from larger wetland sites is needed.

Dingyi Ye; Bethany Kurz; Marc Kurz

2008-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

260

Formation and Genotoxicity of Novel Oxidatively Generated Tandem DNA Lesions and N2-(1-carboxyethyl)-2'-deoxyguanosine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

free and error-prone lesion bypass by human DNA polymerase ?free and error-prone lesion bypass by human DNA polymerase kfree and error-prone lesion bypass by human DNA polymerase

Jiang, Yong

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n2 h2s hg" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

A U T U M N 2 0 1 2www.ucd.ie/ucdtoday 5.UCDstudents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and the Marine; and Mr Lee Zhenghong, General Manager, Dairy United #12;9 | Autumn 2012 Feature The Higgs boson the theory was one major advance, but what about finding evidence for it? A Higgs boson would be a relatively into mass," explains Dr McNulty. "Sometimes a Higgs boson is produced and this decays instantaneously

262

Low Thermal Conductivity of RE4Si2O7N2 (RE=Y, Lu): A Systematic ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The present work shows that identifying new low thermal conductivity ceramics can be realized by a combination approach of first-principles calculation and ...

263

Critical Effect of the N2 Amino Group on Structure, Dynamics, and Elasticity of DNA Polypurine Tracts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chemistry, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112-5820 USA; Division Biophysics of Macromolecules. INTRODUCTION Sequence-dependent local conformational variability of DNA was first evidenced at the atomic. Despite intense research, the atomic-resolution picture of the A-tract-induced curvature remains elusive

Langowski, Jörg

264

Journal of Low Power Electronics, Vol. 6, N 2, August 2010 A Markovian Decision-based Approach for Extending  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

state is x and action ax is chosen , xa x x Transition rate of the power-managed system from state x, where an entry represents the transition rate from one state to another; an action set; and a reward frequency of 206MHz. The CP in the host was Orinoco WLAN PC card. The power consumption and state transition

Pedram, Massoud

265

The N2K Consortium. II. A Transiting Hot Saturn Around HD 149026 With a Large Dense Core  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Doppler measurements from Subaru and Keck have revealed radial velocity variations in the V=8.15, G0IV star HD 149026 consistent with a Saturn-Mass planet in a 2.8766 day orbit. Photometric observations at Fairborn Observatory have detected three complete transit events with depths of 0.003 mag at the predicted times of conjunction. HD 149026 is now the second brightest star with a transiting extrasolar planet. The mass of the star, based on interpolation of stellar evolutionary models, is 1.3 +/- 0.1 solar masses; together with the Doppler amplitude, K=43.3 m s^-1, we derive a planet mass Msin(i)=0.36 Mjup, and orbital radius of 0.042 AU. HD 149026 is chromospherically inactive and metal-rich with spectroscopically derived [Fe/H]=+0.36, Teff=6147 K, log g=4.26 and vsin(i)=6.0 km s^-1. Based on Teff and the stellar luminosity of 2.72 Lsun, we derive a stellar radius of 1.45 Rsun. Modeling of the three photometric transits provides an orbital inclination of 85.3 +/- 1.0 degrees and (including the uncertainty in the stellar radius) a planet radius of 0.725 +/- 0.05 Rjup. Models for this planet mass and radius suggest the presence of a ~67 Mearth core composed of elements heavier than hydrogen and helium. This substantial planet core would be difficult to construct by gravitational instability.

B. Sato; D. A. Fischer; G. W. Henry; G. Laughlin; R. P. Butler; G. W. Marcy; S. S. Vogt; P. Bodenheimer; S. Ida; E. Toyota; A. Wolf; J. A. Valenti; L. J. Boyd; J. A. Johnson; J. T. Wright; M. Ammons; S. Robinson; J. Strader; C. McCarthy; K. L. Tah; D. Minniti

2005-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

266

Monte Carlo modeling of the dc saddle field plasma: Discharge characteristics of N2 and SiH4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

properties.1 More recently there have been suggestions that disilane radicals derived from Si2H6, which

Kherani, Nazir P.

267

Inorganic lead (Pb)- and mercury (Hg)-induced neuronal cell death involves cytoskeletal reorganization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inorganic lead and mercury are widely spread xenobiotic neurotoxicants threatening public health. The exposure to inorganic lead and mercury results in adverse effects of poisoning including IQ deficit and peripheral neuropathy. Additionally, inorganic neurotoxicants have even more serious impact on earlier stages of embryonic development. This study was therefore initiated in order to determine the cytotoxic effects of lead and mercury in earlier developmental stages of chick embryo. Administration of inorganic lead and mercury into the chick embryo resulted in the prolonged accumulation of inorganics in the neonatal brain, with detrimental cytotoxicity on neuronal cells. Subsequent studies demonstrated that exposure of chick embryo to inorganic lead and mercury resulted in the reorganization of cytoskeletal proteins in the neonatal brain. These results therefore suggest that inorganics-mediated cytoskeletal reorganization of the structural proteins, resulting in neurocytotoxicity, is one of the underlying mechanisms by which inorganics transfer deleterious effects on central nervous system.

Woo-sung Choi; Su-jin Kim; Jin Suk Kim

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

075 Electronic Transport Studies of Bulk HgCdTe Based on an ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of LiMnxFe1-xPO4 Glass and Glass-Ceramics for Lithium Ion Battery .... and Comparing the Inhibition Effect of Chromate, Bromate and Molybdate on the ...

269

C:\0MyFiles\jeffrman\HG Files for Web\jeffrman-WEB.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 ERRATA Analysis of Strategies for Reducing Multiple Emissions from Electric Power Plants with Advanced Technology Scenarios October 2001 Energy Information Administration Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This Service Report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should be attributed to the Contacts This report was prepared by the staff of the Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting of the Energy Infor- mation Administration. General questions concerning the report may be directed to Mary J. Hutzler (202/ 586-2222, mhutzler@eia.doe.gov), Acting Administrator of the Energy Information Administration, Susan H. Holte (202/586-4838, sholte@eia.doe.gov), Director

270

A Group-theoretical Approach to Gabor Analysis H.G. Feichtinger, T. Strohmer O. Christensen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

understand the expansion of a signal of a given length n, into a (#12;nite) series of coherent building and re- construction of signals from regularly sampled STFT-values by series expansions. By this we blocks, obtained from a Gabor atom through discrete time- and frequency shift operators. Although bump

Feichtinger, Hans Georg

271

A Grouptheoretical Approach to Gabor Analysis H.G. Feichtinger, T. Strohmer O. Christensen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

understand the expansion of a signal of a given length n, into a (finite) series of coherent building blocks and re­ construction of signals from regularly sampled STFT­values by series expansions. By this we, obtained from a Gabor atom through discrete time­ and frequency shift operators. Although bump­type atoms

Strohmer, Thomas

272

Non-linear Regression - Subbituminous / CS-ESP / Darco Hg-LH  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Activated Carbon Injection Prepared for U.S. Department of Energy Office of Fossil Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory Innovations for Existing Plants Program...

273

2 Toxicity and Sources of Pb, Cd, Hg, Cr, As, and Radionuclides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

........................................................................................... 35 2.3.1 Acid Mine Drainage ................................................................................................ 35 2.3.1.1 Chemistry of Acid Mine Water in the Environment 2.3.5 Coal-Fired Power Generation

Volesky, Bohumil

274

Home & Garden Mimeo # HG 110 Selecting and Using a Soil Testing Laboratory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, AND homeowners all have a duty to reduce the flow of nitrogen and phosphorous into streams, rivers

Milchberg, Howard

275

¢¡¤£ ¥§¦© ¦ "!$ #&%(')¦ 0214 351(¦768')9@ 1(AB DCE¦F 'HG I) ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Qyivghthr SV˜W˜R†„ivgh'2 ivu‚ apURg“ t§gˆeju{'h ˜{SYtyt@ tpejQyi„uW‡ j}{ ayURgH š—)„Œ›½ ˜{SYt§ƒ tySV‡Ygˆte ¬g( Wtpgh'Ç 'RS”aTS ˜WQpg ƒÞ ...

2001-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

276

Anthropogenic and Natural Emissions of Mercury (Hg) in the northeastern United Jeffrey MacAdam Sigler  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. 2.1. Methods [10] Harvard Forest is located in Petersham, Massachu- setts (42.48°N, 72.18 W, 340 m

Lee, Xuhui

277

I8,Temperature-Dependent Thermal Properties of HgCdTe ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

H2, Direct Correlation between Access Region Trap Generation and ... I1, A Tubular Thermoelectric Generator with Piled Conical Rings Structure ..... The electronic measurement setup included a harmonic oscillator used to drive a ...

278

Microsoft Word - Enhanced FGD Hg Capture Economics FINAL May2008.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NETL's Mercury Control Technology NETL's Mercury Control Technology Field Testing Program Preliminary Economic Analysis of Wet FGD Co-Benefit Enhancement Technologies Prepared for U.S. Department of Energy Office of Fossil Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory Innovations for Existing Plants Program Prepared by Andrew P. Jones 1 and Thomas J. Feeley, III 2 1 Research and Development Solutions, LLC 2 U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory May 2008 2 DISCLAIMER This technical report was prepared by RDS/SAIC with the support of the U.S. Department of Energy. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or

279

Microsoft PowerPoint - Chiesa_GT2007-28415.ppt  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gas Phase Impurities on CO Gas Phase Impurities on CO 2 Compression Paolo Chiesa Dipartimento di Energetica - Politecnico di Milano e-mail: paolo.chiesa@polimi.it ASME Turbo Expo 2007 May 14-17, 2007, Montréal (QC), Canada 2 Paolo Chiesa WHY IMPURITIES IN CO 2 STREAMS? ASSUMPTION CO 2 capture and storage is one of the most acceptable solutions to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere In real power plants, technical and economical reasons bring about that CO 2 streams captured are often impure, meaning that they can also include significant fractions of species such as Ar, N 2 , O 2 , SO 2 , H 2 S or others. Types and concentration of the impurities are essentially dependent on fuel and capture technique adopted 3 Paolo Chiesa CO 2 CAPTURE ALTERNATIVES CO 2 capture in a power cycle eventually falls in one of the following

280

A Techno-Economic Assessment of Hydrogen Production by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be cleaned at gasifier temperature ­ Reformer Requirements > H2S less than 100 ppmv ­ PEM Fuel Cell

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n2 h2s hg" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Available Technologies: Low Power, Lightweight Nanoparticle ...  

APPLICATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY: Monitoring harmful hydrogen sulfide (H2S) gas emissions from. Oil and natural gas extraction and distribution

282

Microsoft PowerPoint - Poster (Joonho Koh - MSRI).ppt [Compatibility...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cell, 50 ppm H 2 S at 30 A, 810C FIGURE 2. Standard Button Cell, 1.2 ppm H 2 S at 0.6 A, 750 o C FIGURE 2. Standard Button Cell, 1.2 ppm H 2 S at 0.6 A, 750C FIGURE 6....

283

---Home Yahoo! Help My Yahoo! http://asia.news.yahoo.com/041201/kyodo/d86n2bdg0.html  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the international nuclear fusion reactor project, including the United States and South Korea, will soon support the European Union's proposal to build the reactor in France. According to Radio France, Raffarin also told experimental reactor project during the president's visit to France next week. The parties -- China

284

The Transport of Trace Chemicals by Planetary Waves in the Stratosphere Part 2: Transport of O3 and N2O by Transient Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The transport of ozone and nitrous oxide by transient planetary wave in the stratosphere is studied on a midlatitude ?-plane with Newtonian cooling. The transport is found for chemically-inert traces when the mean-zonal state is forced from ...

Robert J. Kurzeja

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

D E C / J A N 2 0 1 3 B R E E Z E B U L L E T I N  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that of concrete. #12;20 Center for Advanced Infrastructure & Transportation Annual Report 2003-2004 Geopolymer TIS Evaluation (Area No.1) Geopolymer Column Wrapping Column wrapping with fiber- reinforced polymer, therefore, limits the ingress of salt and water as long as the bond between the concrete and FRP remains

Selmic, Sandra

286

King Air flight RICO 2004/12/19 page 1 King Air N2UW flight report for December 19, 2004  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Air was to take off one hour after the C130, so as to overlap with its cloud work after the circles altitude, the top of the turret had a lively appearance ­ the photo here was taken 24 s before cloud entry. Satellite images show this cloud to be at the SW end of a line of about 40 km length, oriented SWNE

Vali, Gabor

287

Gene Expression by Microbial Communities in Response to Soil Wet-Up: Microbial Resuscitation Strategies, Nitrifier Response Dynamics, and N2O Pulses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

field, and sealed in mason jars prior to returning to thehumidity in Berkeley, CA. Jars were kept in the dark at roomperformed in 8-oz. glass jars. For each soil, 5 jars were

Placella, Sarah Anne

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Measurements of N2O by the UARS Improved Stratospheric and Mesospheric Sounder during the Early Northern Winter 1991/92  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements of stratospheric nitrous oxide made by the Improved Stratospheric and Mesospheric Sounder (ISAMS) during the period 28 October 1991–18 January 1992 are presented. The data are consistent with the dynamical fields at the time, and are ...

S. L. Ruth; J. J. Remedios; B. N. Lawrence; F. W. Taylor

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Accurate dipole polarizabilities for water clusters n=2-12 at the coupled-cluster level of theory and benchmarking of various density functionals.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The static dipole polarizabilities of water clusters (2 {le} N {le} 12) are determined at the coupled-cluster level of theory (CCSD). For the dipole polarizability of the water monomer it was determined that the role of the basis set is more important than that of electron correlation and that the basis set augmentation converges with two sets of diffuse functions. The CCSD results are used to benchmark a variety of density functionals while the performance of several families of basis sets (Dunning, Pople, and Sadlej) in producing accurate values for the polarizabilities was also examined. The Sadlej family of basis sets was found to produce accurate results when compared to the ones obtained with the much larger Dunning basis sets. It was furthermore determined that the PBE0 density functional with the aug-cc-pVDZ basis set produces overall remarkably accurate polarizabilities at a moderate computational cost.

Hammond, J.; Govind, N.; Kowalski, K.; Autschbach, J.; Xantheas, S.; PNNL; Univ. of Buffalo

2009-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

290

1 x N^2 wavelength-selective switch with two cross-scanning one-axis analog micromirror arrays in a 4-f optical system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, andof Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, andProfessor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences at

Tsai, J C; Huang, STY; Hah, D; Wu, Ming C

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

9 0 A S T R O N O M Y N O W / J U N 2 0 0 2 he current debate over missile defence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

entire planet in a shell of whizzing debris that will thereafter make space near the Earth highly hazardous for peaceful as well as military purposes. Every bit of debris in orbit higher than about 800 km, and there are probably more than 100,000 pieces of orbiting debris larger than a marble. But crowded near-Earth orbits

California at Santa Cruz, University of

292

Light trapping beyond the 4n2 limit in thin waveguides Jeremy N. Munday, Dennis M. Callahan, and Harry A. Atwater  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of guided light in light-emitting diodes Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 171105 (2012) Nonreciprocal optical Bloch

Heaton, Thomas H.

293

Validation of the Greenhouse Gas Balance of the Netherlands. Observational constraints on CO2, CH4 and N2O from atmospheric monitoring station Lutjewad.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In this PhD thesis a method is described to determine the atmospheric greenhouse gas emissions for a large area using in-situ measurements. The method was… (more)

Laan, Sander van der

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

(n,2n) and (n,3n) cross sections of neutron-induced reactions on 150Sm for En from threshold to 35 MeV  

SciTech Connect

Cross-section measurements were made of prompt discrete {gamma}-ray production as a function of incident neutron energy (E{sub n} = 1 to 35 MeV) on a {sup 150}Sm sample fo 1550 mg/cm{sup 2} of Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3} enriched to 95.6% in {sup 150}Sm. Results are compared with enhanced Hauser-Feshbach model calculations including the pre-equilibrium reactions. Energetic neutrons were delivered by the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center facility. The prompt-reaction {gamma} rays were detected with the Compton-suppressed Germanium Array for Neutron Induced Excitations (GEANIE). Incident neutron energies were determined by the time-of-flight technique. Excitation functions for thirteen individual {gamma}-rays up to E{sub x} = 0.8 MeV in {sup 149}Sm and one {gamma}-ray transition between the first excited and ground state in {sup 148}Sm were measured. Partial {gamma}-ray cross sections were calculated using GNASH, an enhanced Hauser-Feshbach statistical nuclear reaction model code, and compared with the experimental results. The particle transmission coefficients were calculated with new systematic 'global' optical model potential parameters. The coupled-channel optical model based on the soft rotor model was employed to calculate the particle transmission coefficients. The pre-equilibrium part of the spin distribution in {sup 150}Sm was calculated using the quantum mechanical theory of Feshbach, Kerman, and Koonin (FKK) and incorporated into the GNASH reaction model code. the partial cross sections for discrete {gamma}-ray cascade paths leading to the ground state in {sup 149}Sm and {sup 148}Sm have been summed (without double counting) to estimate lower limits for reaction cross sections. These lower limits are combined with Hauser-Feshbach model calculations to deduce the reaction channel cross sections. These reaction channel cross sections agree with previously measured experimental and ENDF/B-VII evaluations.

Dashdorj, D; Mitchell, G; Kawano, T; Becker, J; Wu, C; Devlin, M; Fotiades, N; Nelson, R; Kunieda, S

2009-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

295

Metal concentrations (AS, CD, CR, PB, HG and SE) in Dolly Varden (Salvelinus malma) from the Aleutian Islands, Alaska.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Concerns about contaminants in fish have increased in recent years, especially in species consumed heavily in subsistence diets. Most studies of contaminants in Alaskan subsistence… (more)

Jeitner, Christian, 1976-

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Fate of As, Se, and Hg in a Passive Integrated System for Treatment of Fossil Plant Wastewater  

SciTech Connect

TVA is collaborating with EPRI and DOE to demonstrate a passive treatment system for removing SCR-derived ammonia and trace elements from a coal-fired power plant wastewater stream. The components of the integrated system consist of trickling filters for ammonia oxidation, reaction cells containing zero-valent iron (ZVI) for trace contaminant removal, a settling basin for storage of iron hydroxide floc, and anaerobic vertical-flow wetlands for biological denitrification. The passive integrated treatment system will treat up to 0.25 million gallons per day (gpd) of flue gas desulfurization (FGD) pond effluent, with a configuration requiring only gravity flow to obviate the need for pumps. The design of the system will enable a comparative evaluation of two parallel treatment trains, with and without the ZVI extraction trench and settling/oxidation basin components. One of the main objectives is to gain a better understanding of the chemical transformations that species of trace elements such as arsenic, selenium, and mercury undergo as they are treated in passive treatment system components with differing environmental conditions. This progress report details the design criteria for the passive integrated system for treating fossil power plant wastewater as well as performance results from the first several months of operation. Engineering work on the project has been completed, and construction took place during the summer of 2005. Monitoring of the passive treatment system was initiated in October 2005 and continued until May 18 2006. The results to date indicate that the treatment system is effective in reducing levels of nitrogen compounds and trace metals. Concentrations of both ammonia and trace metals were lower than expected in the influent FGD water, and additions to increase these concentrations will be done in the future to further test the removal efficiency of the treatment system. In May 2006, the wetland cells were drained of FGD water, refilled with less toxic ash pond water, and replanted due to low survival rates from the first planting the previous summer. The goals of the TVA-EPRI-DOE collaboration include building a better understanding of the chemical transformations that trace elements such as arsenic, selenium, and mercury undergo as they are treated in a passive treatment system, and to evaluate the performance of a large-scale replicated passive treatment system to provide additional design criteria and economic factors.

Terry Yost; Paul Pier; Gregory Brodie

2007-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

297

Fast surface temperature measurement of Teflon propellant-in-pulsed ablative discharges using HgCdTe photovoltaic cells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High-speed mercury cadmium telluride photovoltaic detectors, sensitive to infrared emission, are investigated as a means of measuring surface temperature on a microsecond time frame during pulsed ablative discharges with Teflon trade mark sign as the ablated material. Analysis is used to derive a governing equation for detector output voltage for materials with wavelength dependent emissivity. The detector output voltage is experimentally calibrated against thermocouples embedded in heated Teflon. Experimental calibration is performed with Teflon that has been exposed to {approx}200 pulsed discharges and non-plasma-exposed Teflon and is compared to theoretical predictions to analyze emissivity differences. The diagnostic capability is evaluated with measurements of surface temperature from the Teflon propellant of electric micropulsed plasma thrusters. During the pulsed current discharge, there is insufficient information to claim that the surface temperature is accurately measured. However, immediately following the discharge, the postpulse cooling curve is measured. The statistical spread of postpulse surface temperature from shot to shot, most likely due to arc constriction and localization, is investigated to determine an operational envelope for postpulse temperature and mass ablation. This information is useful for determining postpulse ablation contributions to mass loss as well as evaluation of theoretical discharge models currently under development.

Antonsen, Erik L.; Burton, Rodney L.; Reed, Garrett A.; Spanjers, Gregory G. [University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Illinois 61801 (United States); ERC Inc., Edwards AFB, California 93524 (United States); Air Force Research Laboratory, Space Vehicles Directorate, Kirtland AFB, New Mexico 87117 (United States)

2006-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

298

Tetrahedral-Network Organo-Zincophosphates: Syntheses and Structures of (N(2)C(6)H(14)).Zn(HPO(4))(2).H(2)O, H(3)N(CH(2))(3)NH(3).Zn(2)(HPO(4))(3) and (N(2)C(6)H(14)).Zn(3)(HPO(4))(4)  

SciTech Connect

The solution-mediated syntheses and single crystal structures of (N2C6H14)·Zn(HPO4)2·H2O (I), H3N(CH2)3NH3·Zn2(HPO4)3 (II), and (N2C6H14)·Zn3(HPO4)4 (III) are described. These phases contain vertex-sharing Zn04 and HP04 tetrahedra, accompanied by doubly- protonated organic cations. Despite their formal chemical relationship, as members of the series of t·Znn(HP04)n+1 (t= template, n = 1-3), these phases adopt fimdamentally different crystal structures, as one-dimensional, two-dimensional, and three-dimensional Zn04/HP04 networks, for I, II, and III respectively. Similarities and differences to some other zinc phosphates are briefly discussed. Crystal data: (N2C6H14)·Zn(HP04)2·H20, Mr = 389.54, monoclinic, space group P21/n (No. 14), a = 9.864 (4) Å, b = 8.679 (4) Å, c = 15.780 (3) Å, ? = 106.86 (2)°, V= 1294.2 (8) Å3, Z = 4, R(F) = 4.58%, RW(F) = 5.28% [1055 reflections with I >3?(I)]. H3N(CH2)3NH3·Zn2(HP04)3, Mr = 494.84, monoclinic, space group P21/c (No. 14), a= 8.593 (2)Å, b= 9.602 (2)Å, c= 17.001 (3)Å, ?= 93.571 (8)°, V = 1400.0 (5) Å3, Z = 4, R(F) = 4.09%, RW(F) = 4.81% [2794 reflections with I > 3? (I)]. (N2C6H14)·Zn3(HP04)4, Mr= 694.25, monoclinic, space group P21/n (No. 14), a = 9.535 (2) Å, b = 23.246 (4)Å, c= 9.587 (2)Å, ?= 117.74 (2)°, V= 1880.8 (8) Å3, Z = 4, R(F) = 3.23%, RW(F) = 3.89% [4255 reflections with 1> 3?(I)].

Chavez, Alejandra V.; Hannooman, Lakshitha; Harrison, William T.A.; Nenoff, Tina M.

1999-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

299

A Hybrid Gas Cleaning Process for Production of Ultraclean Syngas  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The overall objective of this project is to develop technologies for cleaning/conditioning IGCC generated syngas to meet contaminant tolerance limits for fuel cell and chemical production applications. The specific goals are to develop processes for (1) removal of reduced sulfur species to sub-ppm levels using a hybrid process consisting of a polymer membrane and a regenerable ZnO-coated monolith or a mixed metal oxide sorbent; (2) removal of hydrogen chloride vapors to sub-ppm levels using an inexpensive, high-surface-area material; and (3) removal of NH3 with acidic adsorbents followed by conversion of this NH3 into nitrogen and water. Existing gasification technologies can effectively and efficiently convert a wide variety of carbonaceous feedstocks (coal, petcoke, resids, biomass, etc.) into syngas, which predominantly contains carbon monoxide and hydrogen. Unfortunately, the impurities present in these carbonaceous feedstocks are converted to gaseous contaminants such as H2S, COS, HCl, NH3, alkali macromolecules and heavy metal compounds (such as Hg) during the gasification process. Removal of these contaminants using conventional processes is thermally inefficient and capital intensive. This research and development effort is focused on investigation of modular processes for removal of sulfur, chlorine, nitrogen and mercury compounds from syngas at elevated temperature and pressures at significantly lower costs than conventional technologies.

Merkel, T.C.; Turk, B.S.; Gupta, R.P.; Cicero, D.C.; Jain, S.C.

2002-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

300

A Review of Metallic Systems Used in Offshore, Sour Environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work presents a survey of the research literature focused on the effect of various parameters in H2S offshore, harsh environments. The parameters to be ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n2 h2s hg" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

DOE Fuel Cell Pre-Solicitation Workshop - Breakout Group 4: Low...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

components * H 2 S stable - High-Temperature Water Gas Shift catalyst, Steam Methane Reformer catalyst * Catalyst regenerationrecovery * Durable catalyst for reforming,...

302

A novel and cost-effective hydrogen sulfide removal technology using tire derived rubber particles.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is corrosive, toxic, and produced during the anaerobic digestion process at wastewater treatment plants. Tire derived rubber particles (TDRPTM) and other rubber… (more)

Siefers, Andrea Mary

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

REFRIGERATIONREFRIGERATION ((svsv: Kylteknik): Kylteknik) 424503 E 2010 #5424503 E 2010 #5 --rzrz 5.5. Low temperatures,Low temperatures,pp  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and I.B. Celik. 2010. Tolerance tests of H2S-laden biogas fuel on solid oxide fuel cells. The Journal

Zevenhoven, Ron

304

U.S. Department of Energy Categorical Exclusion Determination...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Proiect Title: Mass. Institute of Technology - Integrated System for Biodiesel Production Using H2S-Mediated C02 Fixation Location: *- Multile States - MA. WI Proposed...

305

Inert Anodes, Cell Materials and Alternative Processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 6, 2013 ... The study contains a thermodynamic analysis for the Al-C-H2S system and preliminary results from experimental work. The results of the ...

306

Advanced Materials for Harsh Environments - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High-temperature Foam-reinforced Thermal Insulation · High-Temperature Nano- derived Sensor Development for Detection of H2S and SO2 Emissions.

307

NETL: Gasifipedia  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Syngas Cleanup: Syngas Contaminant Removal and Conditioning COS Hydrolysis Most of the sulfur in the coal is converted to H2S during gasification. However, depending on the...

308

A year of transformation, growth and success ANNUAL REPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of scientific and technical staff is often a lengthy process o A number of projects require the handling of H2S

309

Identification and Selection of Major Carbon Dioxide Stream Compositions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A critical component in the assessment of long-term risk from geologic sequestration of CO2 is the ability to predict mineralogical and geochemical changes within storage reservoirs due to rock-brine-CO2 reactions. Impurities and/or other constituents selected for co-sequestration can affect both the chemical and physical (e.g. density, viscosity, interfacial tension) behavior of CO2 in the deep subsurface. These impurities and concentrations are a function of both the industrial source(s) of the CO2, as well as the carbon capture technology used to extract the CO2 and produce a concentrated stream for geologic sequestration. This report summarizes the relative concentrations of CO2 and other constituents in exhaust gases from major non-energy related industrial sources of CO2. Assuming that carbon-capture technology would remove most of the incondensable gases N2, O2, and Ar, leaving SO2 and NOx as the main impurities, we selected four test fluid compositions for use in geochemical experiments. These included: 1) a pure CO2 stream representative of food grade CO2 used in most enhanced oil recovery projects: 2) a test fluid composition containing low concentrations (0.5 mole %) SO2 and NOx (representative of that generated from cement production), 3) a test fluid composition with higher concentrations (2.5 mole %) of SO2, and 4) and test fluid composition containing 3 mole % H2S.

Last, George V.; Schmick, Mary T.

2011-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

310

A Biomass-based Model to Estimate the Plausibility of Exoplanet Biosignature Gases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biosignature gas detection is one of the ultimate future goals for exoplanet atmosphere studies. We have created a framework for linking biosignature gas detectability to biomass estimates, including atmospheric photochemistry and biological thermodynamics. The new framework is intended to liberate predictive atmosphere models from requiring fixed, Earth-like biosignature gas source fluxes. New biosignature gases can be considered with a check that the biomass estimate is physically plausible. We have validated the models on terrestrial production of NO, H2S, CH4, CH3Cl, and DMS. We have applied the models to propose NH3 as a biosignature gas on a "cold Haber World," a planet with a N2-H2 atmosphere, and to demonstrate why gases such as CH3Cl must have too large of a biomass to be a plausible biosignature gas on planets with Earth or early-Earth-like atmospheres orbiting a Sun-like star. To construct the biomass models, we developed a functional classification of biosignature gases, and found that gases (such...

Seager, S; Hu, R

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Stress corrosion cracking: New experiments, new insights M I T E N E R G Y I N I T I AT I V E A U T U M N 2 0 1 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stress corrosion cracking: New experiments, new insights M I T E N E R G Y I N I T I AT I V E A U Center focuses on converting heat to electricity 8 Stress corrosion cracking: New experiments, new the record disappearance of Arctic sea ice, the acidification of the oceans, regional stresses on water

Seager, Sara

312

U N I V E R S I T Y O F N E B R A S K A L I N C O L N 2 0 0 7 -2 0 0 8  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for NNSA, the experience of NNSA's Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) program over the past 15 years has been) Program and the National Nuclear Security Administration's (NNSA) Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC

Farritor, Shane

313

Greenhouse gas emissions (CH4, CO2 and N2O) from a newly flooded hydroelectric reservoir in subtropical South Asia : The case of Nam Theun 2 Reservoir, Lao PDR.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??L'augmentation de l'intérêt concernant la part des réservoirs hydroélectrique dans l'augmentation de la concentration atmosphérique des Gaz à Effet de Serre (GES) a amené à… (more)

Deshmukh, Chandrashekhar

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Highly Selective Carbon Dioxide Uptake by [Cu(bpy-n)2(SiF6)] (bpy-1 = 4,4’-bipyridine; bpy-2 = 1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethene).  

SciTech Connect

A previously class of porous coordination polymer (PCP) of formula [Cu(bpy-n){sub 2}(SiF{sub 6})] (bpy-1 = 4,4'-bipyridine; bpy-2 = 1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethene) has been studied to assess its selectivity towards CO{sub 2}, CH{sub 4}, N{sub 2} and H{sub 2}O. Gas sorption measurements reveal that [Cu(bpy-1){sub 2}(SiF{sub 6})] exhibits the highest uptake for CO{sub 2} yet seen at 298K and 1atm by a PCP that does not contain open metal sites. Significantly, [Cu(bpy-1){sub 2}(SiF{sub 6})] does not exhibit particularly high uptake under the same conditions for CH{sub 4}, N{sub 2}, H{sub 2}O and, presumably because of its lack of open metal sites. Consequently, at 298K and 1 atm [Cu(bpy-1){sub 2}(SiF{sub 6})] exhibits exceptional selectivity for CO{sub 2} over CH{sub 4} of ca. 10.5:1. [Cu(bpy-2){sub 2}(SiF{sub 6})] exhibits larger pores and surface area than [Cu(bpy-1){sub 2}(SiF{sub 6})] but retains relatively high selectivity for CO{sub 2} of ca. 8:1.

Burd, Stephen D.; Ma, Shengqian; Perman, Jason A.; Sikora, Benjamin; Snurr, Randall Q.; Thallapally, Praveen K.; Tian, Jian; Wojtas, Lukasz; Zaworotko, Michael J.

2012-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

315

50 2sBe?t3X%7%s%]%8%&%`!&FAEgBg3X!$2005 G/8 7n2 F--GLn N g I/j Langlands BP1~  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(K/Q) $NCf$G6&Lr$G$"$k$+$i!$$H$/$KK/Q Abel 3H Bg$J$i$PFrP HGP p N GDj j rGp, Frp GI/ Frp Gp N G j p OK G [K

Yoshino, Yuji

316

Removal of Hydrogen Sulfide in a Biotrickling Filter under Extremely Acidic Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hydrogen sulfide (H2S), an extremely corrosive and toxic gas, was commonly generated by urban treatment plants, gas and oil refineries, paper and pulp industries and so on. Biofiltration, which was considered as cost-effective and environment-friendly, ... Keywords: H2S, biotrickling filter, biodegradation, removal efficiency, elimination capacity

Jing Chen

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Hydrogen Sulfide Dispersion Consequences Analysis in Different Wind Speeds: A CFD Based Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hydrogen sulfide (h2s) leakage and dispersion from a sulfide recycle installation in different wind speeds are simulated by implementing a 3D Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) model. H2s concentrations of monitor points which represent dispersion contours ... Keywords: CFD, hydrogen Sulfide, dispersion, concenquences analysis, different wind speeds

Bo Zhang; Guo-ming Chen

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Presentation Oral Presentations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tolerant materials for high temperature operation in SOFC anodes. We have tested the long-term stability of metallic cermets in an H2S/H2 atmosphere at typical SOFC operating conditions (P = 1atm, T >9000 C improvement in cell performance under the presence of H2S when compared to the current generation of SOFC

Bommarius, Andreas

319

Biological sweetening of energy gases mimics in biotrickling filters Marc Fortuny a,c  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Hydrogen sulfide; Gas sweetening; Biotrickling filter; Desulfurization; Fuel gas; Biogas 1. Introduction in energy-rich gases such as biogas from anaerobic digesters which may contain H2S concentrations exceeding ones specifically developed for the removal of high concentra- tions of H2S from biogas or fuel gas

320

Operational aspects of the desulfurization process of energy gases mimics in biotrickling filters5  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Introduction Energy rich off-gases such as biogas are sometimes not used for electric power generation due impurities. H2S concentrations in biogas can range from 0.1 to 5 We dedicate this article to the memory/v (1000e20,000 ppmv), whereas the specifications for the maximum content of H2S in typical biogas

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n2 h2s hg" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

The Economics and Feasibility of Electricity Generation using  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; methods to treat biogas CO2, CH4, H2S and NH4; heavy metal sequestration on biomass and soil nodules.1007/978-94-007-2439-6_8 Biogas Cleaning CO2, H2S, R-Cl López 10.1007/978-94-007-2439-6_9 Heavy metals Toxicity Biosorption Mudhoo

Laughlin, Robert B.

322

Vaporization of mercury from molten lead droplets doped with mercury: Pb/Hg source term experiment for the APT/SILC target  

SciTech Connect

Experiments were performed to measure the fraction of mercury inventory released when droplets of molten lead, doped with a known concentration of mercury, fall through a controlled environment. The temperature of molten droplets ranged from 335 C to 346 C, and the concentration of mercury in the droplets ranged from 0.2 mass % to 1.0 mass %. The environment consisted of an air stream, at a temperature nominally equal to the melt temperature, and moving vertically upwards at a velocity of 10 cm/s. Direct observations and chemical analysis showed that no mercury was released from the molten droplets. Based upon the experimental results, it is concluded that no mercury vapor is likely to be released from the potentially molten source rod material in the APT-SILC Neutron Source Array to the confinement atmosphere during a postulated Large Break Loss Of Coolant Accident scenario leading to the melting of a fraction of the source rods.

Tutu, N.K.; Greene, G.A.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Muon Collider / Neutrino Factory Targetry R&D 2009-2012 V.B. Graves, H.G. Kirk, K.T. McDonald  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

handling General concepts for the remote handling and maintenance of the main cryostat were developed assembly will include beamline components, remote handling systems, maintenance areas, and utility systems be considered as a system rather than separate components. Remote replacement and/or maintenance of the loop

McDonald, Kirk

324

Experimental and Numerical Study of Low-Pressure Hg-Ar Discharge at High Current Densities: For the Journal of Applied Physics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experimental and numerical research on mercury low-pressure discharges have supported the development of fluorescent lighting technologies and made fundamental contributions to the understanding of low-pressure plasma physics. Numerical models of fluorescent lamps under "standard" operating conditions have reproduced the essential physical behavior of these discharges fairly well. However, recent developments in the lighting industry have led to the introduction of lamps operating at much higher current ...

2003-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

325

The Muon Collider Target System H.G. Kirk, Brookhaven National Laboratory, and K.T. McDonald, Princeton University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

equipment. The infrastructure associated with the target hall, with its remote-handling equipment, and hot-cells activation, such that once beam has arrived on target all subsequent maintenance must be performed by remote-handling

McDonald, Kirk

326

The Muon Collider/Neutrino Factory Target System H.G. Kirk (BNL) and K.T. McDonald (Princeton U.)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, with its remote-handling equipment, and hot-cells for eventual processing of activated materials must be performed by remote-handling equipment. The infrastructure associated with the target hall Loop, Remote Handling Maintenance Systems, Target Hall When it comes time to build a target system

McDonald, Kirk

327

Why Sequence Sulfur-Oxidizing Bacteria?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sulfur-Oxidizing Bacteria? Sulfur-Oxidizing Bacteria? Several environmental problems, such as acid rain, biocorrosion, etc., are caused by sulfur compounds, such as sulfur dioxide (SO2) and hydrogen sulfide (H2S). A sustainable process to remove these sulfur compounds is the production of elemental sulfur from H2S-containing gas streams by the use of sulfide-oxidizing bacteria. In this process, H2S is absorbed into the alkaline solution in the scrubber unit, followed by the biological oxidation of H2S to elemental sulfur and the recycling of water. With this two-step process, a variety of gas streams (i.e., natural gas, synthesis gas, biogas, and refinery gas) can be treated. For the treatment of sulfate-containing waste streams, an extra step has to be introduced: the transformation of sulfate into H2S by sulfate-reducing bacteria. In

328

Mercury uptake and dynamics in sea ice algae, phytoplankton and grazing copepods from a Beaufort Sea Arctic marine food web.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Mercury (Hg) is one of the primary contaminants of concern in the Arctic marine ecosystem. Methyl Hg (MeHg) is known to biomagnify in food webs.… (more)

Burt, Alexis Emelia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Transient studies of an Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) plant with CO2 capture  

SciTech Connect

Next-generation coal-fired power plants need to consider the option for CO2 capture as stringent governmental mandates are expected to be issued in near future. Integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) plants are more efficient than the conventional coal combustion processes when the option for CO2 capture is considered. However, no IGCC plant with CO2 capture currently exists in the world. Therefore, it is important to consider the operability and controllability issues of such a plant before it is commercially built. To facilitate this objective, a detailed plant-wide dynamic simulation of an IGCC plant with 90% CO2 capture has been developed in Aspen Plus Dynamics{reg_sign}. The plant considers a General Electric Energy (GEE)-type downflow radiant-only gasifier followed by a quench section. A two-stage water gas shift (WGS) reaction is considered for conversion of CO to CO2. A two-stage acid gas removal (AGR) process based on a physical solvent is simulated for selective capture of H2S and CO2. Compression of the captured CO2 for sequestration, an oxy-Claus process for removal of H2S and NH3, black water treatment, and the sour water treatment are also modeled. The tail gas from the Claus unit is recycled to the SELEXOL unit. The clean syngas from the AGR process is sent to a gas turbine followed by a heat recovery steam generator. This turbine is modeled as per published data in the literature. Diluent N2 is used from the elevated-pressure ASU for reducing the NOx formation. The heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) is modeled by considering generation of high-pressure, intermediate-pressure, and low-pressure steam. All of the vessels, reactors, heat exchangers, and the columns have been sized. The basic IGCC process control structure has been synthesized by standard guidelines and existing practices. The steady state results are validated with data from a commercial gasifier. In the future grid-connected system, the plant should satisfy the environmental targets and quality of the feed to other sections, wherever applicable, without violating the operating constraints, and without sacrificing the efficiency. However, it was found that the emission of acid gases may far exceed the environmental targets and the overshoot of some of the key variables may be unacceptable under transient operation while following the load. A number of operational strategies and control configurations is explored for achieving these stringent requirements. The transient response of the plant is also studied by perturbing a number of key inputs.

Bhattacharyya, D.; Turton, R.; Zitney, S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Development of an Integrated Multi-Contaminant Removal Process Applied to Warm Syngas Cleanup for Coal-Based Advanced Gasification Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project met the objective to further the development of an integrated multi-contaminant removal process in which H2S, NH3, HCl and heavy metals including Hg, As, Se and Cd present in the coal-derived syngas can be removed to specified levels in a single/integrated process step. The process supports the mission and goals of the Department of Energyâ??s Gasification Technologies Program, namely to enhance the performance of gasification systems, thus enabling U.S. industry to improve the competitiveness of gasification-based processes. The gasification program will reduce equipment costs, improve process environmental performance, and increase process reliability and flexibility. Two sulfur conversion concepts were tested in the laboratory under this project, i.e., the solventbased, high-pressure University of California Sulfur Recovery Process â?? High Pressure (UCSRP-HP) and the catalytic-based, direct oxidation (DO) section of the CrystaSulf-DO process. Each process required a polishing unit to meet the ultra-clean sulfur content goals of <50 ppbv (parts per billion by volume) as may be necessary for fuel cells or chemical production applications. UCSRP-HP was also tested for the removal of trace, non-sulfur contaminants, including ammonia, hydrogen chloride, and heavy metals. A bench-scale unit was commissioned and limited testing was performed with simulated syngas. Aspen-Plus®-based computer simulation models were prepared and the economics of the UCSRP-HP and CrystaSulf-DO processes were evaluated for a nominal 500 MWe, coal-based, IGCC power plant with carbon capture. This report covers the progress on the UCSRP-HP technology development and the CrystaSulf-DO technology.

Howard Meyer

2010-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

331

NETL F 451.1-1/1 Categorical Exclusion (CX) Designation Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Coal (SCC) 2010 Richard Dunst 712010 thru 6302013 Morgantown, WV High-Temperature Nano-Derived Micro-H2 and -H2S Sensors This is a laboratory research effort focused on...

332

Microsoft PowerPoint - High-Temperature Nano-Derived_Sabolsky  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Temperature Nano-Derived Micro-H 2 and -H 2 S Sensors Engin Ciftyurek (Ph.D. Candidate) Christina Wildfire (Graduated Student, Ph.D.) Edward M. Sabolsky (PI) Energy Materials...

333

CX-002903: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-002903: Categorical Exclusion Determination High-Temperature Nano-Derived Micro-H2 (Hydrogen) and -H2S (Hydrogen Sulfide) Sensors CX(s) Applied: B3.6...

334

Fatigue and Fracture - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 20, 2011 ... Failure Analysis of Ruptured CNG Cylinder: RAM PRASAD1; 1IIT ... The inside of the CNG cylinder was exposed to methane, CO2, H2S and ...

335

Stability and Reactivity of Iron Sulfide Films in Sour Environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Iron sulfide scales form on steels in the presence of H2S, notably in the extreme environments that exist in the oil and gas fields. Our research ...

336

The Geysers Geothermal Field Update1990/2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

B. , 2010.  Geysers power plant H 2 S abatement  update.  operations at The Geysers power plant, Geothermal Resources Table 1:  Geothermal Power Plants Operating at The Geysers (

Brophy, P.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

NETL: Gasification  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technology Options CO2 Capture Technology Options All gasification-based conversion processes require removal of hydrogen sulfide (H2S; an acid gas) from the synthesis gas (syngas)...

338

Effects of Iron, Nickel, and Cobalt on Precipitation Hardening of Alloy ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

of extracted residues. Metallographic specimens were prepared via electropolish at 25 volts in 20%. H SO and electroetch at 5 volts in 1Occ H2S04, 172cc H PO.

339

Slide 1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

sccm syngas T800 o C Sulfur tolerance of LDC impregnated Ni-YSZ anode 28 * LDC exhibited resistance to H 2 S for over 50 hours. The material shows promise for a sulfur tolerant...

340

Modified 13Cr Tubulars in Sour Oil and Gas Service – Known ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

However, there is still no industry-wide consensus on the H2S serviceability limits for high-strength MSS in oil and gas production environments. This paper ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n2 h2s hg" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

NETL: News Release - "Sour" Gas Streams Safe for Carbon Sequestration...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CO2, disposing of H2S, and increasing oil recovery by reducing the viscosity of the crude oil and pushing it toward the production well. Apache Canada Ltd. undertook the...

342

NETL: Gasification  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

later pumped to truck loading for shipment. Claus tail gas from the last stage sulfur condenser is sent to a tail gas treatment unit to remove unconverted H2S, SO2, and carbonyl...

343

PROCEEDINGS, Thirty-Fourth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering Stanford University, Stanford, California, February 9-11, 2009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

commercially exploitable resource and possible expansion over a likely resource area of 19 km2 . A first stage 2 and Aghsu springs produce typical acid-SO4 waters formed by condensation and oxidation of H2S

Stanford University

344

Effect of sulfur-containing amino acids on the corrosion of mild steel ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The corrosion of steel by H2S is a significant problem in oil refineries and ... material used in the oil and gas industry [1]. ..... According to [23], the origin of current.

345

INVITATIONAL WELL-TESTING SYMPOSIUM PROCEEDINGS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

wei I is being dri lied underbalanced, whether H2S is to beis occurring, the well is underbalanced and the threat of ain, the wei I may become underbalanced and the threat of a

Authors, Various

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

SRD 134 Hydrogen Sulfide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

> Return to SRD 134, Index of Semiconductor Process Gases. HYDROGEN SULFIDE. MW [1]. 34.082. NBP [1]. 212.88 K. TP [1]. 187.7 K. H 2 S. Pc [1 ...

2012-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

347

Project Title  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Current testing matrix includes CO 2 mixtures containing SO 2 , O 2 , and H 2 S KAROO basalt after 84 days exposure to water and scCO 2 containing 1% O 2 and SO 2 ...

348

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Download CX-002903: Categorical Exclusion Determination High-Temperature Nano-Derived Micro-H2 (Hydrogen) and -H2S (Hydrogen Sulfide) Sensors CX(s) Applied: B3.6...

349

PRODUCTION OF HYDROGEN AND ELECTRICITY FROM COAL WITH CO2 CAPTURE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) reactors. Our focus is on separating H2 from the syngas and processing the carbon-bearing raffinate are replaced by, in order: syngas cooler, low-temperature WGS reactor, H2S and CO2 physical absorption units

350

Measuring Total Dissolved Methylmercury: Comparison of a Novel Method With a Standard Method for Extracting and Quantitating Methylmercury in Stream Water Samples  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In most environmental systems, mercury (Hg) occurs in one or more of the following distinct chemical forms: elemental (Hg0), divalent (Hg2+), monomethyl (MMHg), methyl (MeHg), and dimethyl (DMHg). The United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) standard method of measuring dissolved MMHg uses distillation to extract MeHg from freshwater samples in preparation for Hg speciation analysis by aqueous ethylation and gas chromatography. Recently, a novel method of Hg ...

2013-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

351

Tungsten oxide ( WO 3 ) thin films for application in advanced energy systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Inherent processes in coal gasification plants produce hazardous hydrogen sulfide ( H 2 S ) which must be continuously and efficiently detected and removed before the fuel is used for power generation. An attempt has been made in this work to fabricate tungsten oxide ( WO 3 ) thin films by radio-frequency reactive magnetron-sputter deposition. The impetus being the use of WO 3 films for H 2 S sensors in coal gasification plants. The effect of growth temperature

S. K. Gullapalli; R. S. Vemuri; F. S. Manciu; J. L. Enriquez; C. V. Ramana

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Research in chemical kinetics. Annual report, September 1, 1989--December 31, 1990  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the progress in several projects: gas phase substitution reactions of thermal chlorine atoms with tetramethyl metallo-organic compounds; abstraction reactions by thermal chlorine atoms with tetramethyl metallo-organic compounds; gas phase thermal {sup 38}Cl reactions with M(CH{double_bond}CH{sub 2}){sub n}: non-RRKM decomposition of excited radicals (M = Sn, Si, n = 4; M = Sb, n = 3; M = Hg, n = 2); quantitative product identification for reactions of hydroxyl with {sup 14}CS{sub 2}; and statistical analysis of ground-based measurements of total ozone with Dobson spectrometers. The report also contains a research proposal for work from May, 1991 through April, 1992.

Rowland, F.S.

1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

353

THE OFFICE OF NONPROLIFERATION & NATIONAL SECURITY  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

by combinations of keywords: 981 4 0 2 183 7 36 PCBs PCBs coal + MeHg 18 coal + fish 510 coal 18 8988 fish 1 1 71 222 MeHg 3 28 195 1438 Hg coal + fish coal fish MeHg Hg 1....

354

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C1,supplkment au n O 2, Tome 40,fkvrier 1979,page Cl-335 l3EEw;u EPEhBENE OF THE POIARISATION IN ZUM-FIELD QUAN?JM BEATS IN Hg EMISSION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

substates of the 4s, 4p and 4d levels was derived. The polarisa- tion 11-II averaged over the oscillations by a stepping motor. The protons are collected by a Faraday cup prece- grounded to earth. The magnetic field

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

355

Development of a plant-wide dynamic model of an integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) plant  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this presentation, development of a plant-wide dynamic model of an advanced Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) plant with CO2 capture will be discussed. The IGCC reference plant generates 640 MWe of net power using Illinois No.6 coal as the feed. The plant includes an entrained, downflow, General Electric Energy (GEE) gasifier with a radiant syngas cooler (RSC), a two-stage water gas shift (WGS) conversion process, and two advanced 'F' class combustion turbines partially integrated with an elevated-pressure air separation unit (ASU). A subcritical steam cycle is considered for heat recovery steam generation. Syngas is selectively cleaned by a SELEXOL acid gas removal (AGR) process. Sulfur is recovered using a two-train Claus unit with tail gas recycle to the AGR. A multistage intercooled compressor is used for compressing CO2 to the pressure required for sequestration. Using Illinois No.6 coal, the reference plant generates 640 MWe of net power. The plant-wide steady-state and dynamic IGCC simulations have been generated using the Aspen Plus{reg_sign} and Aspen Plus Dynamics{reg_sign} process simulators, respectively. The model is generated based on the Case 2 IGCC configuration detailed in the study available in the NETL website1. The GEE gasifier is represented with a restricted equilibrium reactor model where the temperature approach to equilibrium for individual reactions can be modified based on the experimental data. In this radiant-only configuration, the syngas from the Radiant Syngas Cooler (RSC) is quenched in a scrubber. The blackwater from the scrubber bottom is further cleaned in the blackwater treatment plant. The cleaned water is returned back to the scrubber and also used for slurry preparation. The acid gas from the sour water stripper (SWS) is sent to the Claus plant. The syngas from the scrubber passes through a sour shift process. The WGS reactors are modeled as adiabatic plug flow reactors with rigorous kinetics based on the mid-life activity of the shift-catalyst. The SELEXOL unit consists of the H2S and CO2 absorbers that are designed to meet the stringent environmental limits and requirements of other associated units. The model also considers the stripper for recovering H2S that is sent as a feed to a split-flow Claus unit. The tail gas from the Claus unit is recycled to the SELEXOL unit. The cleaned syngas is sent to the GE 7FB gas turbine. This turbine is modeled as per published data in the literature. Diluent N2 is used from the elevated-pressure ASU for reducing the NOx formation. The heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) is modeled by considering generation of high-pressure, intermediate-pressure, and low-pressure steam. All of the vessels, reactors, heat exchangers, and the columns have been sized. The basic IGCC process control structure has been synthesized by standard guidelines and existing practices. The steady-state simulation is solved in sequential-modular mode in Aspen Plus{reg_sign} and consists of more than 300 unit operations, 33 design specs, and 16 calculator blocks. The equation-oriented dynamic simulation consists of more than 100,000 equations solved using a multi-step Gear's integrator in Aspen Plus Dynamics{reg_sign}. The challenges faced in solving the dynamic model and key transient results from this dynamic model will also be discussed.

Bhattacharyya, D.; Turton, R.; Zitney, S.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

M I C H E L L E B . A N D E R S O N 2 5 0 T A Y L O R C I R C L E M E M P H I S , T N 3 5 4 0 0  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bacchus, Washington, DC Researched Subjects assigned by Senator's staff Conducted tours of Senate COMPUTER Languages: Visual Basic, SQL, HTML, PASCAL SKILLS Operating Environment: Windows 2000 and 2005

Dasgupta, Dipankar

358

Search Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Search Results. CAS Number, Formula, Name, State, JANAF Table, Links. 7439-97-6, Hg, Mercury, ref, view, ... 7439-97-6, Hg, Mercury, cr,l, view, ...

359

Mitigation and Remediation of Mercury Contamination at the Y...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and surface water Hg remediation strategy for adequacy in reducing Hg levels in the fish and to indentify opportunities to achieve cost and technical improvements andor to...

360

Switchable mirrors based on nickel–magnesium ?lms  

line electrolyte ~5–8 M KOH, Pt counter electrode, HgO/Hg reference!, with in situ measurement of optical transmission spectra or photopic transmittance.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n2 h2s hg" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Final Project Report: "Â?Â?Exploratory Research: Mercury Stable Isotopes as Indicators of the Biogeochemical Cycling of Mercury"Â?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is the final project report for award DE-SC0005351, which supported the research project "��Exploratory Research: Mercury Stable Isotopes as Indicators of the Biogeochemical Cycling of Mercury."� This exploratory project investigated the use of mercury (Hg) stable isotope measurements as a new approach to study how Hg moves and changes its chemical form in environmental systems, with particular focus on the East Fork of Poplar Creek (EFPC) near the DOE Y-12 plant (a Hg contamination source). This study developed analytical methods and collected pilot data that have set the stage for more detailed studies and have begun to provide insights into Hg movement and chemical changes. The overall Hg stable isotope approach was effective. The Hg isotope analysis methods yielded high-precision measurements of the sediment, water, and fish samples analyzed; quality control measures demonstrated the precision. The pilot data show that the 202Hg/198Hg, 199Hg/198Hg, and 201Hg/198Hg isotope ratios vary in this system. 202Hg/198Hg ratios of the Hg released from the Y-12 plant are relatively high, and those of the regional Hg background in soils and river sediments are significantly lower. Unfortunately, 202Hg/198Hg differences that might have been useful to distinguish early Hg releases from later releases were not observed. However, 202Hg/198Hg ratios in sediments do provide insights into chemical transformations that may occur as Hg moves through the system. Furthermore, 199Hg/198Hg and 201Hg/198Hg ratio analyses of fish tissues indicate that the effects of sunlight-driven chemical reactions on the Hg that eventually ends up in EFPC fish are measureable, but small. These results provide a starting point for a more detailed study (already begun at Univ. of Michigan) that will continue Hg isotope ratio work aimed at improving understanding of how Hg moves, changes chemically, and does or does not take on more highly toxic forms in the Oak Ridge area. This work also benefits efforts to trace Hg contamination in the Clinch and Tennessee Rivers, into which EFPC flows, and to distinguish Hg from the Y-12 plant from that released from a nearby coal ash accident.

Johnson, Thomas M

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Section 59  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DMS, DMS, H 2 S) (H 2 S) (H 2 S,SO 2 ) SO 2 SO ' 4 SO ' 4 SO ' 4 H 2 O 2 SO ' 4 SO ' 4 SO ' 4 hr &1 hr &1 hr &1 hr &1 Session Papers 257 Cloud Parameterization in Global Climate Models: Evaluation with Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Data J.E. Penner and C.C. Chuang Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Livermore, California The goal of our work is to develop and evaluate a prognostic The aqueous reaction to convert SO to in clouds is aerosol model and to parameterize the effects of aerosols, act- assumed to have an average e-folding lifetime of 30 hours at ing as cloud condensation nuclei (CCN), on initial cloud drop- 40° N at the surface in summer. This e-folding lifetime is let concentrations. This, together with global climate models scaled to be proportional to the square of the locally specified

363

PEER-REVIEW Stack Emissions and Ash Characterization Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to develop effective Hg0 capture or oxidation technologies. In coal combustion flue gases, Hg0 is oxidized mercury in the gas phase upon introduction of KI, indicating that the oxidation product HgI2 was captured and hydrogen bromide gas16 to flue gas was demonstrated to enhance Hg0 oxidation, but the extent of enhancement

Columbia University

364

Mercury Emissions Control in Coal Combustion Systems Using Potassium Iodide: Bench-Scale and Pilot-Scale Studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to develop effective Hg0 capture or oxidation technologies. In coal combustion flue gases, Hg0 is oxidized mercury in the gas phase upon introduction of KI, indicating that the oxidation product HgI2 was captured and hydrogen bromide gas16 to flue gas was demonstrated to enhance Hg0 oxidation, but the extent of enhancement

Li, Ying

365

Copyright 2010 Babcock Power Inc. All Rights Reserved Proceedings of the 18th Annual North American Waste-to-Energy Conference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to develop effective Hg0 capture or oxidation technologies. In coal combustion flue gases, Hg0 is oxidized mercury in the gas phase upon introduction of KI, indicating that the oxidation product HgI2 was captured and hydrogen bromide gas16 to flue gas was demonstrated to enhance Hg0 oxidation, but the extent of enhancement

Columbia University

366

FINALCOMMISSIONDECISION Application For Certification (08-AFC-1)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to develop effective Hg0 capture or oxidation technologies. In coal combustion flue gases, Hg0 is oxidized mercury in the gas phase upon introduction of KI, indicating that the oxidation product HgI2 was captured and hydrogen bromide gas16 to flue gas was demonstrated to enhance Hg0 oxidation, but the extent of enhancement

367

Characterization of soils from an industrial complex contaminated with elemental mercury  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Historic use of liquid elemental mercury (Hg(0)l) at the Y-12 National Security Complex in Oak Ridge, TN, USA resulted in large deposits of Hg(0)l in the soils. An evaluation of analytical tools for characterizing the speciation of Hg in the soils at the Y-12 facility was conducted and these tequniques were used to examine the speciation of Hg in two soil cores collect at the site. These include X-ray fluorescence (XRF), soil Hg(0) headspace analysis, and total Hg determination by acid digestion coupled with cold vapor atomic absorption. Hg concentrations determined using XRF, a tool that has been suggestions for quick onsite characterization of soils, were lower than concentrations determined by HgT analysis and as a result this technique is not suitable for the evaluation of Hg concentrations in heterogeneous soils containing Hg(0)l. Hg(0)g headspace analysis can be used to examine the presence of Hg(0)l in soils and when coupled with HgT analysis an understanding of the speciation of Hg in soils can be obtained. Two soil cores collected within the Y-12 complex highlight the heterogeneity in the depth and extent of Hg contamination, with Hg concentrations ranging from 0.05 to 8400 mg/kg. At one location Hg(0)l was distributed throughout 3.2 meters of core whereas the core from a location only 12 meters away only contained Hg(0)l in 0.3 m zone of the core. Sequential extractions, used to examine the forms of Hg in the soils, indicated that at depths within the core that have low Hg concentrations organically associated Hg is dominant. Soil from the zone of groundwater inundation showed reduced characteristics and the Hg is likely present as Hg-sulfide species. At this location it appears that Hg transported within the groundwater is a source of Hg to the soil. Overall the characterization of Hg in soils containing Hg(0) l is difficult due to the heterogeneous distribution within the soils and this challenge is enhanced in industrial facilities in which fill material comprise most of the soils and historical and continuing reworking of the subsurface has remobilized the Hg.

Miller, Carrie L [ORNL; Watson, David B [ORNL; Liang, Liyuan [ORNL; Lester, Brian P [ORNL; Lowe, Kenneth Alan [ORNL; Pierce, Eric M [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Slide 1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Department of Energy's Department of Energy's Phase II Mercury Control Technology Field Testing Program China Workshop on Mercury Control from Coal Combustion October 31-November 2, 2005 Beijing, China Thomas J. Feeley, III thomas.feeley@netl.doe.gov National Energy Technology Laboratory China Hg Workshop_Nov 2005 Outline * Background * Field testing - Mercury-specific technology, focusing on ACI * Field testing - Co-benefit control * Preliminary ACI costs * Conclusion/future plans China Hg Workshop_Nov 2005 Power Plant Mercury Control Baghouse or ESP FGD Boiler Stack Cleaning SCR Hg 75 ton/yr Hg in coal Current Emissions 48 ton/yr out stack Hg Hg Hg Hg 27 ton/yr Sorbent Injection Oxidizing Systems Hg Specific Control Co-Benefit Control China Hg Workshop_Nov 2005 Mercury Control Technology Program Performance/Cost Objectives

369

Sulfur condensation in Claus catalyst  

SciTech Connect

The heterogeneous reactions in which catalyst deactivation by pore plugging occur are listed and include: coke formation in petroleum processing, especially hydrocracking and hydrodesulfurization catalysts; steam reforming and methnation catalysts; ammonia synthesis catalyst; and automobile exhause catalysts. The authors explain how the Claus process converts hydrogen sulfide produced by petroleum desulfurization units and gas treatment processes into elemental sulfur and water. More than 15 million tons of sulfur are recovered annually by this process. Commercial Claus plants appear to operate at thermodynamic equilibrium. Depending on the H2S content of the feed and the number of reactors, total H2S conversion to elemental sulfur can exceed 95%.

Schoffs, G.R.

1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Testing Methods Used for Materials at High Temperatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 11   Typical commercial high-temperature/high-pressure service conditions...350â??650 662â??1202 â?¤10 â?¤100 Compressed natural gas storage Methane with trace H 2 S 0â??100 32â??212 â?¤8 â?¤80 Thermodynamic power generation NH 3 , H 2 O 100â??650 212â??1202 â?¤1.5â??15 â?¤15â??150 Geothermal power Brine, steam, H 2 S â?¤370 â?¤698 â?¤17 â?¤170 Steam boiler Water, steam â?¤300 â?¤572 â?¤9 â?¤90 Source: Ref 140...

371

No Slide Title  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hg Control Technology and Related Hg Control Technology and Related Coal Utilization Byproducts Characterization Research Presented to Indiana Office of Air Quality Mercury Workshop March 17, 2005 Indianapolis, Indiana Thomas J. Feeley, III thomas.feeley@netl.doe.gov National Energy Technology Laboratory Outline * DOE/NETL's Hg control technology program * Characterization of fly ash * Characterization of FGD solids * Summary/conclusion Power Plant Mercury Control Baghouse or ESP FGD Boiler Stack SCR Hg 75 ton/yr Hg in coal Current Emissions 48 ton/yr out stack Hg Hg Hg Sorbent Injection Oxidizing Systems Hg Specific Control Co-Benefit Control Mercury Field Testing Program Objectives 2000 Year Cost * Have technologies ready for commercial demonstration by 2007 for all coals * Reduce emissions 50-70% * Reduce cost by 25-50%

372

Effect of Coal Blending By  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Coal-fired power plants are a major source of mercury (Hg) released into the environment and the utility industry is currently investigating options to reduce Hg emissions. One control option is to utilize existing pollution control equipment such as wet flue gas desulfurization (FGD) scrubbers. The split (speciation) between chemical forms of mercury (Hg) species has a strong influence on the control and environmental fate of Hg emissions from coal combustion. The high-temperature coal combustion process releases Hg in elemental form (Hg 0). A significant fraction of the Hg 0 can be subsequently oxidized in the low-temperature, post-combustion environment of a coal-fired boiler. Relative to Hg 0, oxidized Hg (Hg 2+) is more effectively removed by air pollution control systems (APCS). For example, the water-soluble Hg 2+ is much more easily captured than insoluble Hg 0 in FGD units. Selective catalytic reduction (SCR) technology widely applied for reducing NOX emissions from power plants also affects the speciation of Hg in the coal combustion flue gases. Recent full-scale field tests conducted in the U.S. showed increases in Hg oxidation across the SCR catalysts for plants firing bituminous coals with sulfur (S) content ranging from 1.0 to 3.9%. However, plants firing subbituminous Powder River Basin (PRB) coals which contains significantly lower chlorine (Cl) and sulfur (S)

Pilot-scale Coal Combustor The; Shannon D. Serre; Chun Wai Lee

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

NETL: Gasification  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Syngas Cleanup: Syngas Contaminant Removal and Conditioning: Acid Gas Removal (AGR) Syngas Cleanup: Syngas Contaminant Removal and Conditioning: Acid Gas Removal (AGR) Selexol Selexol solvent is a mixture of dimethyl ethers of polyethylene glycols, nontoxic, with a high boiling point, and is an excellent solvent for acid gases. The selectivity for H2S is much higher than that for CO2, so it can be used to selectively remove these different acid gases, minimizing CO2 content in the H2S stream sent to the SRU with associated benefits on SRU sizing and economics, and enabling regeneration of solvent for CO2 recovery by economical flashing. These points are reflected in Figure 1, which depicts a dual-stage Selexol process. The first column (sulfur absorber) removes most of the H2S (and a limited amount of CO2) from the feed syngas, which then flows to the second column (CO2 absorber) which removes most of the CO2. The rich solvent leaving the CO2 absorption column is flashed in drums, from which relatively pure CO2 is recovered. The solvent in the sulfur absorber column must be stripped in a column with reboiler to remove the high H2S content gases.

374

Technical Progress Report (11th Semi-Annual)  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this proposed program is to ensure reliable supply of high-quality natural gas by reducing the cost of treating subquality natural gas containing H2O, CO2, H2S and/or trace quantities of other gaseous impurities by applying high-efficiency contractors with structured packing using physical solvent N-Formyl Morpholine and morpholine additives.

NONE

1998-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

375

Tin oxide nanosensors for highly sensitive toxic gas detection and their 3D system integration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present nanosensors based on ultrathin SnO"2 films, which are very sensitive to the highly toxic gases SO"2 and H"2S. The SnO"2-sensing films are fabricated by a spray pyrolysis process on Si substrates with a thickness of 50nm. The sensor resistance ... Keywords: 3D-system integration, Gas sensors, Nanosensors, Toxic gases

C. Griessler; E. Brunet; T. Maier; S. Steinhauer; A. Köck; T. Jordi; F. Schrank; M. Schrems

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

ROCKY MOUNTAIN OILFIELD TESTING CENTER PROJECT TEST RESULTS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

IN-SITU H IN-SITU H 2 S BIOREMEDIATION JULY 11, 1994 FC9509 / 95PT3 Rocky Mountain Oilfield Testing Center 907 North Poplar, Suite 100, Casper, WY 82601 (307) 261-5000, ext. 5060; FAX (307) 261-5997 IN-SITU H2S BIOREMEDIATION NATIONAL PARAKLEEN COMPANY PREPARED BY Fred Brown Michael R. Tyler 731 W.Wadley Field Engineer Building O July 11, 1994 Suite 130 Midland, Texas 79705 Phone (915)-683-3076 Fax (915)-683-3081 TEST PURPOSE: To treat producing oil wells that contain high concentrations of H2S with a product that will lower the levels of H2S in the well. METHOD OF TREATMENT: A bio-nutrient product (55 gallons) was mixed with 120 bbls of produced tensleep water and the mixture was pumped down the annulus of selected wells. The well was then shut-in for a 24 hour period and then was returned to production.

377

REVISED HYDROGEN SULFIDE DRILLING CONTINGENCY PLAN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as appropriate acknowledgement of this source. Technical Note No. 19 First Printing 1993 Distribution Copies, this plan defines safety equipment and procedures that must be in place in the event H2S and/or steam on steam-flash cond

378

PROCEEDINGS, Thirty-Sixth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering Stanford University, Stanford, California, January 31 -February 2, 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PROCEEDINGS, Thirty-Sixth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering Stanford University problems associated with geothermal utilization. Hellisheiði Power Plant annually emits around 13000 tons of 2011. H2S will be separated from other geothermal gases at a pilot gas separation plant, dissolved

Stanford University

379

NEWSJOURNALCollege of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley FALL 2004, VOLUME 12, ISSUE 2 . . . . . . . . . .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,000 mg/L COD flow 240,000 kg/dia Biogas produced 76,000 Nm³/dia Biogas LHW 5,500 kcal/Nm³ Biogas methane content 63% Biogas CO2 content 35% Biogas H2S$ 22 million for processing 76,000 Nm³ biogas/day Enzyme costs: Current

Neumark, Daniel M.

380

Use of Fish Oils in Margarine and Shortenin.g  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gas prepared by passing steam over coke As this hydrogen contains H2S, purification, e. In the hydrogenation process, three phases are present: liquid phase (oil), gas phase (hydrogen), solid phase (catalyst qualities of the hardened fat. Gas Phase (Hydrogen) Several procedures may be followed for the industrial

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n2 h2s hg" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Hindawi Publishing Corporation Advances in Materials Science and Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the nature of the precious metal and the support for generating clean desulfurized H2-rich reformate.1 kWh/Kg resp.) are much higher compared to lower hydrocarbons (natural gas). Furthermore, Diesel high. The reformate gas contains mainly CO, CO2, H2, and trace amount of H2S. The sulfur products can

Azad, Abdul-Majeed

382

Title of dissertation: LIQUID SODIUM MODEL OF EARTH'S OUTER CORE Woodrow Shew, Doctor of Philosophy, 2004  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

engineering, FEM simulation of bony structures, applications to MEMS & Nano devices, tribology, and bio the thermochemical splitting of H2S emissions from the oil and gas industry into usable components to reduce the use from the South Saskatchewan River to Melfort to simulate controlled leakages and to make online

Lathrop, Daniel P.

383

Matter & Energy Electronics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and workers who handle chemicals have no good equivalent to monitor their exposure to potentially toxic of Illinois) Smart Toxic Gas Monitor Plug/Play sensor 10' extender cable NH3, CO, CL2, H2S, PH3, SO2, AsH3 www.Polyera.com Innovations in Action Advanced Cooling Technologies, Inc. ISO Cert. Heat Pipe Manufacturer www.1-ACT

Suslick, Kenneth S.

384

THE UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS 141st Annual CommencementTHE UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS 141st Annual Commencement What could we  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,000 mg/L COD flow 240,000 kg/dia Biogas produced 76,000 Nm³/dia Biogas LHW 5,500 kcal/Nm³ Biogas methane content 63% Biogas CO2 content 35% Biogas H2S$ 22 million for processing 76,000 Nm³ biogas/day Enzyme costs: Current

Peterson, Blake R.

385

SewerSnort: A drifting sensor for in situ Wastewater Collection System gas monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Biochemical reactions that occur in sewer pipes produce a considerable amount of hydrogen sulfide gas (H"2S corrosive and poisonous), methane gas (CH"4 explosive and a major climate change contributor), carbon dioxide (CO"2 a major climate change contributor), ... Keywords: Biochemical process, Electrochemical gas sensor, Mobile sensing, Received signal strength indicator based localization, Wastewater Collection System

Jung Soo Lim, Jihyoung Kim, Jonathan Friedman, Uichin Lee, Luiz Vieira, Diego Rosso, Mario Gerla, Mani B. Srivastava

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Final Report - Development of New Pressure Swing Adsorption (PSA) Technology to Recover High Valued Products from Chemical Plant and Refinery Waste Systems  

SciTech Connect

Project Objective was to extend pressure swing adsorption (PSA) technology into previously under-exploited applications such as polyolefin production vent gas recovery and H2 recovery from refinery waste gases containing significant amounts of heavy hydrocarbons, aromatics, or H2S.

Keith Ludwig

2004-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

387

Gerrit Voordouw Presented in February 2007 during NSERC Site Visit in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: · Reduce per capita energy consumption · Increase fraction of renewables to our energy supply · Make Consumption - Report#:DOE/EIA-0484(2000) % 40 24 22 6 8 #12;Key steps towards sustainable energy future: · increasingly energy intensive and technically demanding · threatened by high H2S (souring), increasing

Voordouw, Gerrit

388

Understanding Sulfur Poisoning and Regeneration of Nickel Biomass Conditioning Catalysts using X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The production of biofuels can proceed via a biomass gasification to produce syngas, which can then undergo catalytic conditioning and reforming reactions prior to being sent to a fuel synthesis reactor. Catalysts used for biomass conditioning are plagued by short lifetimes which are a result of, among other things, poisoning. Syngas produced from biomass gasification may contain between 30-300 ppm H2S, depending on the feedstock and gasification conditions, and H2S is a key catalyst poison. In order to overcome catalyst poisoning, either an H2S-tolerant catalyst or an efficient regeneration protocol should be employed. In this study, sulfur K-edge X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy (XANES) was used to monitor sulfur species on spent catalyst samples and the transformation of these species from sulfides to sulfates during steam and air regeneration on a Ni/Mg/K/Al2O3 catalyst used to condition biomass-derived syngas. Additionally, nickel K-edge EXAFS and XANES are used to examine the state of nickel species on the catalysts. Post-reaction samples showed the presence of sulfides on the H2S-poisoned nickel catalyst and although some gaseous sulfur species were observed to leave the catalyst bed during regeneration, sulfur remained on the catalyst and a transformation from sulfides to sulfates was observed. The subsequent H2 reduction led to a partial reduction of sulfates back to sulfides. A proposed reaction sequence is presented and recommended regeneration strategies are discussed.

Yung, M. M.; Cheah, S.; Kuhn, J. N.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Final_Tech_Session_Schedule_and_Location.xls  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 (aq) CaOH + NaOH(aq) NaCO 3 - H 3 SiO 4 - Fe +3 HS - H 2 S(aq) CH 4 (aq) H 2 (aq) aceticacid(aq) SO 2 (aq) HSO 3 INJECTION SCENARIOS Injection rates (kgs, over 5 m...

390

2011$MITEI$SYMPOSIUM$ Framework$paper$  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The epoxy is then heat cured, forming a protective barrier within the manhole. MultiPlexx Layup treatment plant structures with moderate to high levels of corrosion. May also be used as an underlayment Plant structures against H2S attack. Can be spray applied up to 2" thick using rotor/stator type pumping

Polz, Martin

391

Construction and Building Materials 17 (2003) 405437 0950-0618/03/$ -see front matter 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The epoxy is then heat cured, forming a protective barrier within the manhole. MultiPlexx Layup treatment plant structures with moderate to high levels of corrosion. May also be used as an underlayment Plant structures against H2S attack. Can be spray applied up to 2" thick using rotor/stator type pumping

Bank, Lawrence C.

392

A HISTORICAL REVIEW OF THE AEROSPACE ENGINEERING CURRICULUM AT OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The epoxy is then heat cured, forming a protective barrier within the manhole. MultiPlexx Layup treatment plant structures with moderate to high levels of corrosion. May also be used as an underlayment Plant structures against H2S attack. Can be spray applied up to 2" thick using rotor/stator type pumping

393

Fixed Bed Countercurrent Low Temperature Gasification of Dairy Biomass and Coal-Dairy Biomass Blends Using Air-Steam as Oxidizer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Concentrated animal feeding operations such as cattle feedlots and dairies produce a large amount of manure, cattle biomass (CB), which may lead to land, water, and air pollution if waste handling systems and storage and treatment structures are not properly managed. However, the concentrated production of low quality CB at these feeding operations serves as a good feedstock for in situ gasification for syngas (CO and H2) production and subsequent use in power generation. A small scale (10 kW) countercurrent fixed bed gasifier was rebuilt to perform gasification studies under quasisteady state conditions using dairy biomass (DB) as feedstock and various air-steam mixtures as oxidizing sources. A DB-ash (from DB) blend and a DB-Wyoming coal blend were also studied for comparison purposes. In addition, chlorinated char was also produced via pure pyrolysis of DB using N2 and N2-steam gas mixtures. The chlorinated char is useful for enhanced capture of Hg in ESP of coal fired boilers. Two main parameters were investigated in the gasification studies with air-steam mixtures. One was the equivalence ratio ER (the ratio of stochiometric air to actual air) and the second was the steam to fuel ratio (S:F). Prior to the experimental studies, atom conservation with i) limited product species and ii) equilibrium modeling studies with a large number of product species were performed on the gasification of DB to determine suitable range of operating conditions (ER and S:F ratio). Results on bed temperature profile, gas composition (CO, CO2, H2, CH4, C2H6, and N2), gross heating value (HHV), and energy conversion efficiency (ECE) are presented. Both modeling and experimental results show that gasification under increased ER and S:F ratios tend to produce rich mixtures in H2 and CO2 but poor in CO. Increased ER produces gases with higher HHV but decreases the ECE due to higher tar and char production. Gasification of DB under the operating conditions 1.59less than0.8 yielded gas mixtures with compositions as given below: CO (4.77 - 11.73 %), H2 (13.48 - 25.45%), CO2 (11-25.2%), CH4 (0.43-1.73 %), and C2H6 (0.2- 0.69%). In general, the bed temperature profiles had peaks that ranged between 519 and 1032 degrees C for DB gasification.

Gordillo Ariza, Gerardo

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Future trends in environmental mercury concentrations: implications for prevention strategies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In their new paper, Bellanger and coauthors show substantial economic impacts to the EU from neurocognitive impairment associated with methylmercury (MeHg) exposures. The main source of MeHg exposure is seafood consumption, ...

Selin, Noelle Eckley

395

Bioaccumulation of mercury in pelagic fishes from the northern Gulf of Mexico  

SciTech Connect

Total mercury (Hg) concentration was determined in the tissues of 10 pelagic fishes in the northern Golf of Mexico, and dietary tracers (stable isotopes and fatty acids) were used to evaluate the relationship between Hg and feeding history.

Cai, Yang J.; Rooker, Jay R.; Gill, Gary A.; Turner, Jason P.

2007-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

396

sample abstract for 2005 WOCA  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

if the Hg is limited to, or more concentrated in, a particular fraction. For example, handling of the fines as a separate process stream might be beneficial if the Hg was present...

397

Study of Mercury Transformation with Chlorinated Species under Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Conditions.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Mercury (Hg) transformation under homogeneous (gas-phase oxidation reactions primarily involving chlorine species in flue gases) and heterogeneous (gas-surface oxidation reactions involving surface enhanced Hg oxidation… (more)

Busireddy, Bhargavi

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Project 369  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

collect. The relative abundance of elemental and oxidized mercury depends on the fuel stock and combustion conditions. Accurate measurements of Hg 0 and HgCl 2 are essential to...

399

Electrolytic recovery of mercury enriched in isotopic abundance  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is directed to a method of electrolytically extracting liquid mercury from HgO or Hg.sub.2 Cl.sub.2. Additionally there are disclosed two related techniques associated with the present invention, namely (1) a technique for selectively removing product from different regions of a long photochemical reactor (photoreactor) and (2) a method of accurately measuring the total quantity of mercury formed as either HgO or Hg.sub.2 Cl.sub.2.

Grossman, Mark W. (Belmont, MA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

FGDExpert Demonstration at NIPSCO Schahfer Unit 17: Oxidation Reduction Potential Effects on Scrubber Chemistry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flue gas desulfurization (FGD) systems have been shown to remove soluble oxidized mercury (Hg), as well as selenium (Se), from flue gas. However, one phenomenon that has been observed, but not well characterized, is the re-emission of oxidized Hg captured in the FGD scrubber as elemental Hg. Several studies have shown that oxidation reduction potential (ORP) influences the re-emission of Hg from FGD scrubbers. Other studies have demonstrated that ORP influences the speciation of Se in the scrubber ...

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n2 h2s hg" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

CURRICULUM VITAE LAURA MARI BESKOW  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research Institute (P50-HG-003391) Dates: 2006-2010 Title: Chernobyl Research and Service Project Role: Co

Richardson, David

402

Length—Evolution from Measurement Standard to a ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... measurements. References. [1] HG Jarrard, DB McNeill, A Dictionary of Scientific Units, Chapman and Hall, 1964, p. 85. ...

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

403

"LIMITS AND CHANCES IN FLUE-GAS CLEANING -INTE RNATIONAL PERSPECTIVE"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) and elemental mercury (Hg«» under oxidizing conditions of the off-gases downstream of the refuse incinerator), sulfur dioxide (S02)' nitrogen oxides (NOx), carbon monoxide (CO), PCDDs/PCDFs, cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg emission regulations. Mercury Control in MWCs The capture of Hg in flue gas cleaning devices depends on the

Columbia University

404

Mercury and Dioxin Control for Municipal Waste Combustors Anthony Licata  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) and elemental mercury (Hg«» under oxidizing conditions of the off-gases downstream of the refuse incinerator), sulfur dioxide (S02)' nitrogen oxides (NOx), carbon monoxide (CO), PCDDs/PCDFs, cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg emission regulations. Mercury Control in MWCs The capture of Hg in flue gas cleaning devices depends on the

Columbia University

405

National Waste Processing Conference Proceedings ASME 1994 THE RETROFIT OF THE MWC ROTEB IN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) and elemental mercury (Hg«» under oxidizing conditions of the off-gases downstream of the refuse incinerator), sulfur dioxide (S02)' nitrogen oxides (NOx), carbon monoxide (CO), PCDDs/PCDFs, cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg emission regulations. Mercury Control in MWCs The capture of Hg in flue gas cleaning devices depends on the

Columbia University

406

National Waste Processing Conference Proceedings ASME 1994 ACID GASES, MERCURY,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) and elemental mercury (Hg«» under oxidizing conditions of the off-gases downstream of the refuse incinerator), sulfur dioxide (S02)' nitrogen oxides (NOx), carbon monoxide (CO), PCDDs/PCDFs, cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg emission regulations. Mercury Control in MWCs The capture of Hg in flue gas cleaning devices depends on the

Columbia University

407

Development of Silica/Vanadia/ Titania Catalysts for Removal of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(subbituminous or lignite) coals. Therefore, need exists for a low cost Hg oxidation/capturing process. Activated power plants. However, the incremental cost of Hg control via ACI is estimated to range from $3810. This superior oxidation capability is advantageous to power plants equipped with wet-scrubbers where oxidized Hg

Li, Ying

408

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

table 1 \\p bub cf_co2c cf_stmt ec_c2f6 ec_cf4 ec_cfc113 ec_cfc114 ec_cfc115 ec_hfc23 ec_n2o_bus ec_n2o_heavytruck ec_n2o_motorcyc ef_n2o_coal ef_n2o_gas ef_n2o_oil

409

Greenhouse gas emissions in biogas production systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cameron KC. Nitrous oxide emissions from two dairy pastureand land use on N 2 O emissions from an imperfectly drainedoptions for N 2 O emissions from differently managed

Dittert, Klaus; Senbayram, Mehmet; Wienforth, Babette; Kage, Henning; Muehling, Karl H

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Program on Technology Innovation: Coastal Halogen Atmospheric Research on Mercury Deposition (CHARMeD)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Determining mercury’s atmospheric transformation reactions is essential for atmospheric deposition models that are used for regulatory purposes. It is the oxidation of inorganic elemental Hg (Hg0) to its water-soluble ionic form (Hg2+) that determines the rate of Hg deposited in waterways. Substantial research has been done in the past on atmospheric Hg transformation reactions with ozone (O3) and the hydroxyl radical (OH), but O3 and OH may not be capable of fully causing mercury’s observed oxidation an...

2009-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

411

Fission modes of mercury isotopes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Background: Recent experiments on beta-delayed fission in the mercury-lead region and the discovery of asym- metric fission in 180 Hg [1] have stimulated theoretical interest in the mechanism of fission in heavy nuclei. Purpose: We study fission modes and fusion valleys in 180 Hg and 198 Hg to reveal the role of shell effects in pre-scission region and explain the experimentally observed fragment mass asymmetry and its variation with A. Methods: We use the self-consistent nuclear density functional theory employing Skyrme and Gogny energy density functionals. Results: The potential energy surfaces in multi-dimensional space of collective coordinates, including elongation, triaxiality, reflection-asymmetry, and necking, are calculated for 180 Hg and 198 Hg. The asymmetric fission valleys - well separated from fusion valleys associated with nearly spherical fragments - are found in in both cases. The density distributions at scission configurations are studied and related to the experimentally observed mass splits. Conclusions: The energy density functionals SkM\\ast and D1S give a very consistent description of the fission process in 180 Hg and 198 Hg. We predict a transition from asymmetric fission in 180 Hg towards more symmetric distribution of fission fragments in 198 Hg. For 180 Hg, both models yield 100 Ru/80 Kr as the most probable split. For 198 Hg, the most likely split is 108 Ru/90 Kr in HFB-D1S and 110 Ru/88 Kr in HFB-SkM\\ast.

M. Warda; A. Staszczak; W. Nazarewicz

2012-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

412

Fission Modes of Mercury Isotopes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Background: Recent experiments on -delayed fission in the mercury-lead region and the discovery of asymmetric fission in 180Hg [A. N. Andreyev et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 252502 (2010)] have stimulated theoretical interest in the mechanism of fission in heavy nuclei. Purpose: We study fission modes and fusion valleys in 180Hg and 198Hg to reveal the role of shell effects in the prescission region and explain the experimentally observed fragment mass asymmetry and its variation with A. Methods: We use the self-consistent nuclear density functional theory employing Skyrme and Gogny energy density functionals. Results: The potential energy surfaces in multidimensional space of collective coordinates, including elongation, triaxiality, reflection-asymmetry, and necking, are calculated for 180Hg and 198Hg. The asymmetric fission valleys well separated from fusion valleys associated with nearly spherical fragments are found in both cases. The density distributions at scission configurations are studied and related to the experimentally observed mass splits. Conclusions: The energy density functionals SkM and D1S give a very consistent description of the fission process in 180Hg and 198Hg. We predict a transition from asymmetric fission in 180Hg toward a more symmetric distribution of fission fragments in 198Hg. For 180Hg, both models yield 100Ru/80Kr as the most probable split. For 198Hg, the most likely split is 108Ru/90Kr in HFB-D1S and 110Ru/88Kr in HFB-SkM .

Warda, M. [Maria Curie-Sk?odowska University-Poland; Staszczak, A. [Maria Curie-Sklodowska University; Nazarewicz, Witold [UTK/ORNL/University of Warsaw

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Natural mercury isotope variation in coal deposits and organic soils  

SciTech Connect

There is a need to distinguish among sources of Hg to the atmosphere in order to more fully understand global Hg pollution. In this study we investigate whether coal deposits within the United States, China, and Russia-Kazakhstan, which are three of the five greatest coal-producing regions, have diagnostic Hg isotopic fingerprints that can be used to discriminate among Hg sources. We also investigate the Hg isotopic composition of modern organic soil horizons developed in areas distant from point sources of Hg in North America. Mercury stored in coal deposits displays a wide range of both mass dependent fractionation and mass independent fractionation. {delta}{sup 202}Hg varies in coals by 3{per_thousand} and {Delta}{sup 201}Hg varies by 0.9{per_thousand}. Combining these two Hg isotope signals results in what may be a unique isotopic 'fingerprint' for many coal deposits. Mass independent fractionation of mercury has been demonstrated to occur during photochemical reactions of mercury. This suggests that Hg found in most coal deposits was subjected to photochemical reduction near the Earth's surface prior to deposition. The similarity in MDF and MIF of modern organic soils and coals from North America suggests that Hg deposition from coal may have imprinted an isotopic signature on soils. This research offers a new tool for characterizing mercury inputs from natural and anthropogenic sources to the atmosphere and provides new insights into the geochemistry of mercury in coal and soils. 35 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

Abir, Biswas; Joel D. Blum; Bridget A. Bergquist; Gerald J. Keeler; Zhouqing Xie [University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Department of Geological Sciences

2008-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

414

Decreasing aqueous mercury concentrations to achieve safe levels in fish: examining the water-fish relationship in two point-source contaminated streams  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

East Fork Poplar Creek (EFPC) and White Oak Creek (WOC) are two mercury-contaminated streams located on the Department of Energy s Oak Ridge Reservation in east Tennessee. East Fork Poplar Creek is the larger and more contaminated of the two, with average aqueous mercury (Hg) concentrations exceeding those in reference streams by several hundred-fold. Remedial actions over the past 20 years have decreased aqueous Hg concentrations in EFPC by 85 %. Fish fillet concentrations, however, have not responded to this decrease in aqueous Hg and remain above the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency s ambient water quality criterion (AWQC) of 0.3 mg/kg. The lack of correlation between aqueous and fish tissue Hg concentrations in this creek has led to questions regarding the usefulness of target aqueous Hg concentrations and strategies for future remediation efforts. White Oak Creek has a similar contamination history but aqueous Hg concentrations in WOC are an order of magnitude lower than in EFPC. Despite the lower aqueous Hg concentrations, fish fillet concentrations in WOC have also been above the AWQC, making the most recent aqueous Hg target of 200 ng/L in EFPC seem unlikely to result in an effective decrease in fillet Hg concentrations. Recent monitoring efforts in WOC, however, suggest an aqueous total Hg threshold above which Hg bioaccumulation in fish may not respond. This new information could be useful in guiding remedial actions in EFPC and in other point-source contaminated streams.

Mathews, Teresa J [ORNL; Southworth, George R [ORNL; Peterson, Mark J [ORNL; Roy, W Kelly [ORNL; Ketelle, Richard H [ORNL; Valentine, Charles S [ORNL; Gregory, Scott M [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

DOE-NETLs Mercury R&D Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DOE's DOE's Phase II Mercury Control Technology Field Testing Program American Coal Council's 2005 Mercury & Multi- Emissions Conference March 22-24, 2005 St. Louis, MO Thomas J. Feeley, III thomas.feeley@netl.doe.gov National Energy Technology Laboratory MEC2_Ottawa_May 25 2005 Power Plant Mercury Control Baghouse or ESP FGD Boiler Stack Cleaning SCR Hg 75 ton/yr Hg in coal Current Emissions 48 ton/yr out stack Hg Hg Hg Hg 27 ton/yr Sorbent Injection Oxidizing Systems Hg Specific Control Co-Benefit Control ACS Monthly Meeting November 4 2004 DOE Mercury Control RD&D Portfolio Polishing Technology * MerCAP(tm) Sorbent Injection * Activated carbon * Amended silicates * Halogenated AC * Ca-based sorbents * Chemically treated sorbents * COHPAC/Toxecon(tm) * Thief sorbents Boiler * Combustion modification

416

Microsoft PowerPoint - High-Temperature Nano-Derived_Sabolsky  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Temperature Nano-Derived Temperature Nano-Derived Micro-H 2 and -H 2 S Sensors Engin Ciftyurek (Ph.D. Candidate) Christina Wildfire (Graduated Student, Ph.D.) Edward M. Sabolsky (PI) Energy Materials Program Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering West Virginia University Annual DOE-NETL University Coal Research Project Review June 11-13, 2013 Objectives * Develop micro-scale, chemical sensors composed of nano-derived, metal-oxide materials which display stable performance within high-temperature environments (>500C). * Short term- Develop high-temperature H 2 and H 2 S sensor using low cost, easily reproducible methods with 3D porous nanomaterials. * Long term - Develop high-temperature micro-sensor arrays to detect gases such as NO

417

Project 253  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Anna Lee Tonkovich Anna Lee Tonkovich Technical Contact Velocys, Inc. 7950 Corporate Blvd. Plain City, OH 43064 614-733-3330 tonkovich@velocys.com Sequestration UPGRADING METHANE STREAMS WITH ULTRA-FAST TSA Background Most natural gas streams are contaminated with other materials, such as hydrogen sulfide (H 2 S), carbon dioxide (CO 2 ), and nitrogen. Effective processes for removal of H 2 S and CO 2 exist, but because of its relative inertness, nitrogen removal is more difficult and expensive. This project will focus on the separation of nitrogen from methane, which is one of the most significant challenges in recovering low-purity methane streams. The approach is based on applying Velocys' modular microchannel process technology (MPT) to achieve ultra-fast thermal swing adsorption (TSA). MPT

418

AVESTAR® - Videos  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

IGCC Dynamic Simulator/OTS and 3D Virtual ITS Overview IGCC Dynamic Simulator/OTS and 3D Virtual ITS Overview NETL Avestar Morgantown AVESTAR Center Video IGCC Operator Training Simulator Project IGCC 3D Virtual ITS Equipment and Malfunction Animations Slurry Run Tank Fill Level Slurry Run Tank Fill Level Coal WeighFeeder and Silo Pluggage Coal WeighFeeder and Silo Pluggage coalmill Coal Mill gasifier Gasifier Centrifugal Pump Centrifugal Pump Reboiler Reboiler Direct Contact Condenser Direct Contact Condenser distillation_column Distillation Column H2S Absorber H2S Absorber Gas and Steam Turbines Gas and Steam Turbines Inlet Guide Vanes Inlet Guide Vanes Gas and Liquid Leakage Gas and Liquid Leakage Heat Exchanger and Ice Formation Heat Exchanger and Ice Formation fire Fire Weather Conditions1

419

Microsoft PowerPoint - Proceedings Cover Sheets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PCOR Partnership Phase II PCOR Partnership Phase II PCOR Partnership Phase II * Contracts! * Planning... * Contracts! Zama, Alberta Zama, Alberta CO 2 -rich gas in a pinnacle reef structure - Results will help to determine the best practices to support sequestration in these unique geologic structures as well as further our understanding of the effects of H 2 S on tertiary oil recovery and CO 2 sequestration. Pinnacle Setting Pinnacle Setting Zama Pinnacle Reef Zama Pinnacle Reef Injection of acid gas stream from nearby gas-processing plant. * 60% CO 2 * 40% H 2 S Approximately 200,000 tonnes of CO 2 will be injected during demo period. Zama Scales of Examination Zama Scales of Examination * Reservoir scale - Zama F Pool and immediately underlying and overlying confining units: Lower Keg River Fm limestone and Muskeg Fm anhydrite.

420

Transformation of Sulfur Species during Steam/Air Regeneration on a Ni Biomass Conditioning Catalyst  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Sulfur K-edge XANES identified transformation of sulfides to sulfates during combined steam and air regeneration on a Ni/Mg/K/Al2O3 catalyst used to condition biomass-derived syngas. This catalyst was tested over multiple reaction/regeneration/reduction cycles. Postreaction catalysts showed the presence of sulfides on H2S-poisoned sites. Although H2S was observed to leave the catalyst bed during regeneration, sulfur remained on the catalyst, and a transformation from sulfides to sulfates was observed. Following the oxidative regeneration, the subsequent H2 reduction led to a partial reduction of sulfates back to sulfides, indicating the difficulty and sensitivity in achieving complete sulfur removal during regeneration for biomass-conditioning catalysts.

Yung, M. M.; Cheah, S.; Magrini-Bair, K.; Kuhn, J. N.

2012-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n2 h2s hg" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Effect of hydrogen-sulfide on the hydrogen permeance of palladium–copper alloys at elevated temperatures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The hydrogen permeance of several 0.1 mm thick Pd–Cu alloy foils (80 wt. % Pd–20 wt. % Cu, 60 wt. % Pd–40 wt. % Cu and 53 wt.% Pd–47 wt. % Cu) was evaluated using transient flux measurements at temperatures ranging from 603 to 1123 K and pressures up to 620 kPa both in the presence and absence of 1000 ppm H2S. Sulfur resistance, as evidenced by no significant change in permeance, was correlated with the temperatures associated with the face-centered-cubic crystalline structure for the alloys in this study. The permeance of the body-centered cubic phase, however, was up to two orders of magnitude lower when exposed to H2S. A smooth transition from sulfur poisoning to sulfur resistance with increasing temperature was correlated with the alloy transition from a body-centered-cubic structure to a face-centered-cubic structure. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

B. D. Morreale B; M. V. Ciocco B; B. H. Howard A

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Microsoft PowerPoint - Proceedings Cover Sheets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Zama, Alberta Zama, Alberta CO 2 -rich gas in a pinnacle reef structure - Results will help to determine the best practices to support sequestration in these unique geologic structures as well as further our understanding of the effects of H 2 S on tertiary oil recovery and CO 2 sequestration. Pinnacle Setting Pinnacle Setting Zama Pinnacle Reef Zama Pinnacle Reef Injection of acid gas stream from nearby gas-processing plant. * 60% CO 2 * 40% H 2 S Approximately 200,000 tonnes of CO 2 will be injected during demo period. Zama Scales of Examination Zama Scales of Examination * Reservoir scale - Zama F Pool and immediately underlying and overlying confining units: Lower Keg River Fm limestone and Muskeg Fm anhydrite. * Local scale - Zama F Pool and a few adjacent pinnacle reefs.

423

Novel Effects in Electroweak Breaking from a Hidden Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Higgs boson offers a unique window to hidden sector fields S_i, singlets under the Standard Model gauge group, via the renormalizable interactions |H|^2 S_i^2. We prove that such interactions can provide new patterns for electroweak breaking, including radiative breaking by dimensional transmutation consistent with LEP bounds, and trigger the strong enough first order phase transition required by electroweak baryogenesis.

Jose Ramon Espinosa; Mariano Quiros

2007-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

424

Molecular Cell Hydrogen Sulfide-Linked Sulfhydration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Molecular Cell Article Hydrogen Sulfide-Linked Sulfhydration of NF-kB Mediates Its Antiapoptotic@jhmi.edu DOI 10.1016/j.molcel.2011.10.021 SUMMARY Nuclear factor kB (NF-kB) is an antiapoptotic tran- scription factor. We show that the antiapoptotic actions of NF-kB are mediated by hydrogen sulfide (H2S

Dong, Xinzhong

425

Effects of sulfation level on the desulfation behavior of pre-sulfated Pt BaO/Al2O3 lean NOx trap catalysts: a combined H2 Temperature-Programmed Reaction, in-situ sulfur K-edge X-ray Absorption Near-Edge Spectroscopy, X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy, and Time-Resolved X-ray Diffraction Study  

SciTech Connect

Desulfation by hydrogen of pre-sulfated Pt(2wt%) BaO(20wt%)/Al2O3 with various sulfur loading (S/Ba = 0.12, 0.31 and 0.62) were investigated by combining H2 temperature programmed reaction (TPRX), x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), in-situ sulfur K-edge x-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy (XANES), and synchrotron time-resolved x-ray diffraction (TR-XRD) techniques. We find that the amount of H2S desorbed during the desulfation in the H2 TPRX experiments is not proportional to the amount of initial sulfur loading. The results of both in-situ sulfur K-edge XANES and TR-XRD show that at low sulfur loadings, sulfates were transformed to a BaS phase and remained in the catalyst, rather than being removed as H2S. On the other hand, when the deposited sulfur level exceeded a certain threshold (at least S/Ba = 0.31) sulfates were reduced to form H2S, and the relative amount of the residual sulfide species in the catalyst was much less than at low sulfur loading. Unlike samples with high sulfur loading (e.g., S/Ba = 0.62), H2O did not promote the desulfation for the sample with S/Ba of 0.12, implying that the formed BaS species originating from the reduction of sulfates at low sulfur loading are more stable to hydrolysis. The results of this combined spectroscopy investigation provide clear evidence to show that sulfates at low sulfur loadings are less likely to be removed as H2S and have a greater tendency to be transformed to BaS on the material, leading to the conclusion that desulfation behavior of Pt BaO/Al2O3 lean NOx trap catalysts is markedly dependent on the sulfation levels.

Kim, Do Heui; Szanyi, Janos; Kwak, Ja Hun; Wang, Xianqin; Hanson, Jonathan C.; Engelhard, Mark H.; Peden, Charles HF

2009-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

426

Degradation of solid oxide fuel cell metallic interconnects in fuels containing sulfur  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

SOFC from ~1000 ºC to ~750 ºC may allow less expensive metallic materials to be used for interconnects and as balance of plant (BOP) materials. This paper provides insight on the material performance of nickel, ferritic steels, and nickel-based alloys in fuels containing sulfur, primarily in the form of H2S, and seeks to quantify the extent of possible degradation due to sulfur in the gas stream.

Ziomek-Moroz, M.; Hawk, Jeffrey A.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Comparative Neurotoxicity of Methylmercury and Mercuric Chloride In Vivo and In Vitro  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is impossible to remove methylmercury (MeHg) from biological systems because MeHg is found throughout our environment in many fresh and salt water fish. The consumption of fish is important to human nutrition and health. The mechanism of MeHg neurotoxicity must be understood to minimize adverse exposure consequences. The dissertation objective was to: 1) compare mechanisms of MeHg neurotoxicity between animals exposed as adults and those exposed during gestation, and 2) develop an in vitro test model of in vivo MeHg exposure. Total mercury (Hg) levels in tissue / cells were determined by combustion / trapping / atomic absorption. Cell death was determined by Fluoro-Jade histochemical staining and activated caspase 3 immunohistochemistry for in vivo studies, and Trypan blue exclusion, lactate dehydrogenase activity, and cytotoxicity assays for in vitro studies. Mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), intracellular calcium ion concentration ([Ca2+]i), and production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) were determined using fluorescence microscopy or microplate reader assays. Young adult C57Bl/6 mice were exposed to a total dose of 0, 1.0, or 5.0 mg/kg body weight MeHg divided over postnatal days (P)35 to 39. Pregnant female mice were exposed to a total does of 0, 0.1, or 1.0 mg/kg body weight MeHg divided over gestational days (G)8 to 18. SY5Y cells were exposed to 0, 0.01, 0.1, or 1.0 ?M MeHg or HgCl2 for 24, 48, or 72 hours. Total Hg in brains of young adult mice, mouse pups, and SY5Y cells accumulated in a dose-dependent manner. Cell death increased in SY5Y cells exposed to the highest concentrations of MeHg and HgCl2 used in this study. Cell death increased in the molecular and granule cerebellar cell layers of young adult mice exposed to the highest doses of MeHg used in this study. P0 mouse pups showed no increase in cell death within the cerebellum following MeHg exposure. Cerebella of mice at P10 exhibited decreased dying cells only in the external germinal layer. Low concentrations of MeHg affected MMP in both in vivo and in vitro studies, but did not result in decreased MMP typically associated with higher MeHg concentrations. [Ca2+]i was increased throughout the in vivo experiments in an age- , sexand brain region-dependent manner. Generation of ROS was decreased in both in vivo and in vitro studies with both the MeHg and HgCl2 (in vitro) treatments. In summary, low and moderate MeHg exposure, both in vivo and in vitro, altered mitochondrial function, Ca2+ homeostasis, and ROS differently than what is reported in the literature for higher MeHg exposure concentrations. SY5Y cells were sensitive to low-levels of MeHg and HgCl2 and responded similarly to cells in the whole animal studies, thus making SY5Y cells realistic candidates for mechanistic MeHg studies. Cell culture and whole animal neuronal functional studies at chronic low-level MeHg exposure are limited. These data suggest that low-levels of MeHg may affect neuronal function. Therefore, further chronic low-level MeHg neuronal functional studies are warranted.

Thuett, Kerry A.

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Reducing methylmercury accumulation in the food webs of San Francisco Bay and its local watersheds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

San Francisco Bay (California, USA) and its local watersheds present an interesting case study in estuarine mercury (Hg) contamination. This review focuses on the most promising avenues for attempting to reduce methylmercury (MeHg) contamination in Bay Area aquatic food webs and identifying the scientific information that is most urgently needed to support these efforts. Concern for human exposure to MeHg in the region has led to advisories for consumption of sport fish. Striped bass from the Bay have the highest average Hg concentration measured for this species in USA estuaries, and this degree of contamination has been constant for the past 40 years. Similarly, largemouth bass in some Bay Area reservoirs have some of the highest Hg concentrations observed in the entire US. Bay Area wildlife, particularly birds, face potential impacts to reproduction based on Hg concentrations in the tissues of several Bay species. Source control of Hg is one of the primary possible approaches for reducing MeHg accumulation in Bay Area aquatic food webs. Recent findings (particularly Hg isotope measurements) indicate that the decades-long residence time of particle-associated Hg in the Bay is sufficient to allow significant conversion of even the insoluble forms of Hg into MeHg. Past inputs have been thoroughly mixed throughout this shallow and dynamic estuary. The large pool of Hg already present in the ecosystem dominates the fraction converted to MeHg and accumulating in the food web. Consequently, decreasing external Hg inputs can be expected to reduce MeHg in the food web, but it will likely take many decades to centuries before those reductions are achieved. Extensive efforts to reduce loads from the largest Hg mining source (the historic New Almaden mining district) are underway. Hg is spread widely across the urban landscape, but there are a number of key sources, source areas, and pathways that provide opportunities to capture larger quantities of Hg and reduce loads from urban runoff. Atmospheric deposition is a lower priority for source control in the Bay Area due to a combination of a lack of major local sources. Internal net production of MeHg is the dominant source of MeHg that enters the food web. Controlling internal net production is the second primary management approach, and has the potential to reduce food web MeHg in some habitats more effectively and within a much shorter time-frame. Controlling net MeHg production and accumulation in the food web of upstream reservoirs and ponds is very promising due to the many features of these ecosystems that can be manipulated. The most feasible control options in tidal marshes relate to the design of flow patterns and subhabitats in restoration projects. Options for controlling MeHg production in open Bay habitat are limited due primarily to the highly dispersed distribution of Hg throughout the ecosystem. Other changes in these habitats may also have a large influence on food web MeHg, including temperature changes due to global warming, sea level rise, food web alterations due to introduced species and other causes, and changes in sediment supply. Other options for reducing or mitigating exposure and risk include controlling bioaccumulation, cleanup of contaminated sites, and reducing other factors (e.g., habitat availability) that limit at-risk wildlife populations.

Davis, J.A., E-mail: jay@sfei.org [San Francisco Estuary Institute, 4911 Central Avenue, Richmond, CA 94804 (United States); Looker, R.E. [San Francisco Bay Regional Water Quality Control Board, 1515 Clay Street, Suite 1400, Oakland, CA 94612 (United States)] [San Francisco Bay Regional Water Quality Control Board, 1515 Clay Street, Suite 1400, Oakland, CA 94612 (United States); Yee, D. [San Francisco Estuary Institute, 4911 Central Avenue, Richmond, CA 94804 (United States)] [San Francisco Estuary Institute, 4911 Central Avenue, Richmond, CA 94804 (United States); Marvin-Di Pasquale, M. [U.S. Geological Survey, Water Resources Division/MS 480, 345 Middlefield Road, Menlo Park, CA 94025 (United States)] [U.S. Geological Survey, Water Resources Division/MS 480, 345 Middlefield Road, Menlo Park, CA 94025 (United States); Grenier, J.L. [San Francisco Estuary Institute, 4911 Central Avenue, Richmond, CA 94804 (United States)] [San Francisco Estuary Institute, 4911 Central Avenue, Richmond, CA 94804 (United States); Austin, C.M. [San Francisco Bay Regional Water Quality Control Board, 1515 Clay Street, Suite 1400, Oakland, CA 94612 (United States)] [San Francisco Bay Regional Water Quality Control Board, 1515 Clay Street, Suite 1400, Oakland, CA 94612 (United States); McKee, L.J.; Greenfield, B.K. [San Francisco Estuary Institute, 4911 Central Avenue, Richmond, CA 94804 (United States)] [San Francisco Estuary Institute, 4911 Central Avenue, Richmond, CA 94804 (United States); Brodberg, R. [California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment, California Environmental Protection Agency, 1001 I Street, Sacramento, CA 95812 (United States)] [California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment, California Environmental Protection Agency, 1001 I Street, Sacramento, CA 95812 (United States); Blum, J.D. [Department of Geological Sciences, University of Michigan, 1100 North University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States)] [Department of Geological Sciences, University of Michigan, 1100 North University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

429

Cellular distribution of inorganic mercury and its relation to cytotoxicity in bovine kidney cell cultures  

SciTech Connect

A bovine kidney cell culture system was used to assess what relationship mercuric chloride (HgCl/sub 2/) uptake and subcellular distribution had to cytotoxicity. Twenty-four-hour incubations with 0.05-50 ..mu..M HgCl/sub 2/ elicited a concentration-related cytotoxicity. Cellular accumulation of /sup 203/Hg was also concentration-related, with 1.0 nmol/10/sup 6/ cells at the IC50. Measurement of Hg uptake over the 24-h exposure period revealed a multiphasic process. Peak accumulation was attained by 1 h and was followed by extrusion and plateauing of intracellular Hg levels. Least-squares regression analysis of the cytotoxicity and cellular uptake data indicated a potential relationship between the Hg uptake and cytotoxicity. However, the subcellular distribution of Hg was not concentration-related. Mitochondria and soluble protein fractions accounted for greater than 65% of the cell-associated Hg at all concentrations. The remaining Hg was distributed between the microsomal (6-10%) and nuclear and cell debris (11-22%) fractions at all concentrations tested. Less than 20% of the total cell-associated Hg was bound with metallothionein-like protein. 31 references, 4 figures, 3 tables.

Bracken, W.M.; Sharma, R.P.; Bourcier, D.R.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Preliminary Field Evaluation of Mercury Control Using Combustion Modifications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this project EER conducted a preliminary field evaluation of the integrated approach for mercury (Hg) and NO{sub x} control. The approach enhanced the 'naturally occurring' Hg capture by fly ash through combustion optimization, increasing carbon in ash content, and lowering ESP temperature. The evaluation took place in Green Station Units 1 and 2 located near Henderson, Kentucky and operated by Western Kentucky Energy. Units 1 and 2 are equipped with cold-side ESPs and wet scrubbers. Green Station Units 1 and 2 typically fire two types of fuel: a bituminous coal and a blend of bituminous coals based on availability. Testing of Hg emissions in Unit 2 without reburning system in operation and at minimum OFA demonstrated that efficiencies of Hg reduction downstream of the ESP were 30-40%. Testing also demonstrated that OFA system operation at 22% air resulted in 10% incremental increase in Hg removal efficiency at the ESP outlet. About 80% of Hg in flue gas at ESP outlet was present in the oxidized form. Testing of Hg emissions under reburning conditions showed that Hg emissions decreased with LOI increase and ESP temperature decrease. Testing demonstrated that maximum Hg reduction downstream of ESP was 40-45% at ESP temperatures higher than 300 F and 60-80% at ESP temperatures lower than 300 F. The program objective to demonstrate 80% Hg removal at the ESP outlet has been met.

V. Lissianski; P. Maly; T. Marquez

2005-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

431

PRELIMINARY FIELD EVALUATION OF MERCURY CONTROL USING COMBUSTION MODIFICATIONS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this project General Electric Energy and Environmental Research Corporation conducts a preliminary field evaluation of a novel technology, referred to as Hg/NO{sub x}, that can reduce emissions of both mercury (Hg) and oxides of nitrogen (NO{sub x}) from coal-fired power plants. The evaluation takes place in Green Station Unit 2 operated by Western Kentucky Energy. Reduction of Hg and NO{sub x} emissions in Unit 2 is achieved using coal reburning. Activities during first project year (January 23, 2003--January 22, 2004) included measurements of baseline Hg emissions in Unit 2 and pilot-scale testing. Baseline testing of Hg emissions in Green Unit 2 has been completed. Two fuels were tested with OFA system operating at minimum air flow. Mercury emissions were measured at ESP inlet and outlet, and at the stack using Ontario Hydro revised method. Testing demonstrated that baseline Hg reductions at ESP outlet and stack were 30-45% and 70-80%, respectively. Pilot-scale testing demonstrated good agreement with baseline measurements in Unit 2. Testing showed that fuel composition had an effect on the efficiency of Hg absorption on fly ash. Maximum achieved Hg removal in reburning was close to 90%. Maximum achieved Hg reduction at air staging conditions was 60%. Testing also demonstrated that lowering ESP temperature improved efficiency of Hg removal.

Vitali Lissianski; Antonio Marquez

2004-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

432

Sorption of Arsenic, Mercury, Selenium onto Nanostructured Adsorbent Media and Stabilization via Surface Reactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The overall goal of this study is to evaluate the ability of novel nanostructured adsorbent media (NTAs, iron sulfides (FeS2 and FeS)) to remove arsenic, selenium and mercury from ash and scrubber pond effluents. The NTAs aim to enhance arsenic removal from solution compared to conventional adsorbents. The iron sulfides are expected to produce stable residuals for ultimate disposal after removing As, Se and Hg from solution, so that removal of these compounds from wastewaters will not result in contamination of soils and groundwaters. Methods for reliably and economically producing these materials were developed. The synthesized NTAs and iron sulfides were characterized by surface analysis techniques such as XRD, FT-IR, SEM-EDS, TEM, XPS, AFM and N2-adsorption. These analyses indicated that Ti(25)-SBA-15 has highly ordered hexagonal mesopores, MT has interparticle mesopores, pyrite (FeS2) forms crystalline, nonporous rectangular nanoparticles (<500 nm), and mackinawite (FeS) forms amorphous, nonporous nanoparticles (<100 nm). Kinetic and equilibrium tests for As(III, V) removal were conducted with NTAs over a range of pH (4, 7, 9.5). The rates of arsenic uptake were very fast and followed a bi-phasic sorption pattern, where sorption was fast for the first 10 minutes, and then slowed and was almost completed within 200 minutes. Distinct sorption maxima for As(III) removal were observed between pH 7 and pH 9.5 for MT and between pH 4 and pH 7 for Ti(25)-SBA-15. The amount of As(V) adsorbed generally decreased as pH increased. In addition, a surface complexation model (SCM) based on the diffuse layer model (DLM) was used to predict arsenic adsorption envelopes by NTAs under various environmental conditions. The SCM for As(III, V) adsorption by NTAs demonstrated the role of mono- and bidentate surface complexes in arsenic adsorption. A batch reactor system was employed in an anaerobic chamber to conduct experiments to characterize both the removal of As, Se, Hg from solution and their subsequent reactions with iron sulfides. Experiment variables for removal experiments included: contaminant valence state (As(V), As(III), Se(VI), Se(IV), Hg(II)); adsorbent/reactant type (FeS, FeS2); adsorbent/reactant concentration; pH (7, 8, 9, 10); and competing ion (SO42-) concentration (0, 1, 10 mM). Experimental variables for reaction experiments were reaction time (up to 30 days) at pH 8 and oxidation states of contaminants. In addition, the stability of iron sulfides (FeS2, FeS) combined with target compounds was investigated by measuring the ability of the target compounds to resist release to the aqueous phase after removal. These experiments showed that iron sulfides were good adsorbent/reactants for target contaminants in spite of the presence of sulfate. This was particularly true at intermediate concentrations of target compounds. The experiments also demonstrated that iron sulfides interacted with target contaminants in such a way to improve their resistance to being released back to solution as pH was changed. Therefore, this study demonstrates the ability of novel nanostructured adsorbent media to remove arsenic, selenium and mercury from ash and scrubber pond effluents and the ability of iron sulfides to produce residuals that are stable when disposed in landfills.

Han, Dong Suk

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Application of Three Methods for Determining Mercury Speciation in Mine Waste  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Three methods, pyrolytic and chemical extractions (PCE), extended X-ray adsorption fine structure spectroscopy (EXAFS) and solid-phase-Hg-thermo-desorption (SPTD) were applied to determine mercury speciation in amended substrates and mine waste samples. Although these three methods determine Hg speciation by fundamentally different processes, comparison of the results are useful for validation of the three methods. PCE uses pyrolysis and weak leaches to determine relative percentages of volatile, ''soluble'' and residual Hg in substrate. The results are operationally defined and specific species cannot be determined with this method. EXAFS is a nondestructive method which uses high energy synchrotron-sourced X-ray radiation to identify specific species based on scattering patterns. Least squares data analysis is done to link patterns to a database of model compounds. This method is most useful for identification of specific species, given that they are included in the model database. Identification of Hg{sup 0} is difficult using EXAFS. SPTD identifies Hg species by incremental heating and comparison of thermal release patterns to a database of compounds. SPTD allows the identification of a more limited number of specific species than EXAFS, but is the best of the three methods for the identification of Hg{sup 0}. Overlapping release patterns make the identification of species, such as HgS and some forms of matrix-bound Hg, difficult. Results of PCE analyses indicate that volatile and leachable forms of Hg in mine waste are low relative to the total Hg concentration. This was supported by EXAFS and SPTD analysis which identified HgS as the primary component of mine waste. In contrast, analysis of tailings from mills that utilized Hg to amalgamate Au and Ag from ores yielded conflicting results. The results of this study illustrate the importance of using multiple analytical methods for the evaluation of Hg in the substrate.

Sladek, Chris; Sexauer Gustin, Mae; /Nevada U., Reno; Kim, Christopher S.; Biester, H.; /Stanford U., Geo. Environ. Sci.

2005-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

434

Mercury and autoimmunity: implications for occupational and environmental health  

SciTech Connect

Mercury (Hg) has long been recognized as a neurotoxicant; however, recent work in animal models has implicated Hg as an immunotoxicant. In particular, Hg has been shown to induce autoimmune disease in susceptible animals with effects including overproduction of specific autoantibodies and pathophysiologic signs of lupus-like disease. However, these effects are only observed at high doses of Hg that are above the levels to which humans would be exposed through contaminated fish consumption. While there is presently no evidence to suggest that Hg induces frank autoimmune disease in humans, a recent epidemiological study has demonstrated a link between occupational Hg exposure and lupus. In our studies, we have tested the hypothesis that Hg does not cause autoimmune disease directly, but rather that it may interact with triggering events, such as genetic predisposition, exposure to antigens, or infection, to exacerbate disease. Treatment of mice that are not susceptible to Hg-induced autoimmune disease with very low doses and short term exposures of inorganic Hg (20-200 {mu}g/kg) exacerbates disease and accelerates mortality in the graft versus host disease model of chronic lupus in C57Bl/6 x DBA/2 mice. Furthermore, low dose Hg exposure increases the severity and prevalence of experimental autoimmune myocarditis (induced by immunization with cardiac myosin peptide in adjuvant) in A/J mice. To test our hypothesis further, we examined sera from Amazonian populations exposed to Hg through small-scale gold mining, with and without current or past malaria infection. We found significantly increased prevalence of antinuclear and antinucleolar antibodies and a positive interaction between Hg and malaria. These results suggest a new model for Hg immunotoxicity, as a co-factor in autoimmune disease, increasing the risks and severity of clinical disease in the presence of other triggering events, either genetic or acquired.

Silbergeld, Ellen K. [Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205 (United States)]. E-mail: esilberg@jhsph.edu; Silva, Ines A. [Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205 (United States); Nyland, Jennifer F. [Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205 (United States)

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Biomass Gas Cleanup Using a Therminator  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the project is to develop and demonstrate a novel fluidized-bed process module called a �¢����Therminator�¢��� to simultaneously destroy and/or remove tar, NH3 and H2S from raw syngas produced by a fluidized-bed biomass gasifier. The raw syngas contains as much as 10 g/m3 of tar, 4,000 ppmv of NH3 and 100 ppmv of H2S. The goal of the Therminator module would be to use promising regenerable catalysts developed for removing tar, ammonia, and H2S down to low levels (around 10 ppm). Tars are cracked to a non-condensable gas and coke that would deposit on the acid catalyst. We will deposit coke, much like a fluid catalytic cracker (FCC) in a petroleum refinery. The deposited coke fouls the catalyst, much like FCC, but the coke would be burned off in the regenerator and the regenerated catalyst would be returned to the cracker. The rapid circulation between the cracker and regenerator would ensure the availability of the required amount of regenerated catalyst to accomplish our goal. Also, by removing sulfur down to less than 10 ppmv, NH3 decomposition would also be possible in the cracker at 600-700���°C. In the cracker, tar decomposes and lays down coke on the acid sites of the catalyst, NH3 is decomposed using a small amount of metal (e.g., nickel or iron) catalyst incorporated into the catalyst matrix, and H2S is removed by a small amount of a metal oxide (e.g. zinc oxide or zinc titanate) by the H2S-metal oxide reaction to form metal sulfide. After a tolerable decline in activity for these reactions, the catalyst particles (and additives) are transported to the regenerator where they are exposed to air to remove the coke and to regenerate the metal sulfide back to metal oxide. Sulfate formation is avoided by running the regeneration with slightly sub-stoichiometric quantity of oxygen. Following regeneration, the catalyst is transported back to the cracker and the cycling continues. Analogous to an FCC reactor system, rapid cycling will allow the use of very active cracking catalysts that lose activity due to coking within the order of several seconds.

David C. Dayton; Atish Kataria; Rabhubir Gupta

2012-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

436

Getting Started | Mercury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Getting Started Getting Started Client example: open_in_t in_struct; open_out_t out_struct; /* Initialize the interface */ [...] NA_Addr_lookup(network_class, server_name, &server_addr); /* Register RPC call */ rpc_id = HG_REGISTER("open", open_in_t, open_out_t); /* Fill input parameters */ [...] in_struct.in_param0 = in_param0; /* Send RPC request */ HG_Forward(server_addr, rpc_id, &in_struct, &out_struct, &rpc_request); /* Wait for completion */ HG_Wait(rpc_request, HG_MAX_IDLE_TIME, HG_STATUS_IGNORE); /* Get output parameters */ [...] out_param0 = out_struct.out_param0; int main(int argc, void *argv[]) { /* Initialize the interface */ [...] /* Register RPC call */ HG_HANDLER_REGISTER("open", open_rpc, open_in_t, open_out_t); /* Process RPC calls */

437

Why mercury prefers soft ligands  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mercury (Hg) is a major global pollutant arising from both natural and anthropogenic sources. Defining the factors that determine the relative affinities of different ligands for the mercuric ion, Hg2+, is critical to understanding its speciation, transformation, and bioaccumulation in the environment. Here, we use quantum chemistry to dissect the relative binding free energies for a series of inorganic anion complexes of Hg2+. Comparison of Hg2+ ligand interactions in the gaseous and aqueous phases shows that differences in interactions with a few, local water molecules led to a clear periodic trend within the chalcogenide and halide groups and resulted in the well-known experimentally observed preference of Hg2+ for soft ligands such as thiols. Our approach establishes a basis for understanding Hg speciation in the biosphere.

Riccardi, Demian M [ORNL] [ORNL; Guo, Hao-Bo [ORNL] [ORNL; Gu, Baohua [ORNL] [ORNL; Parks, Jerry M [ORNL] [ORNL; Summers, Anne [University of Georgia, Athens, GA] [University of Georgia, Athens, GA; Miller, S [University of California, San Francisco] [University of California, San Francisco; Liang, Liyuan [ORNL] [ORNL; Smith, Jeremy C [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

NETL: Environmental Research - Characterization of CCBs for Mercury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Characterization of Coal Combustion By-Products for Mercury Characterization of Coal Combustion By-Products for Mercury The objective of this work is to provide the necessary information to assess the impact of controlling Hg from coal-fired utilities by examining the materials resulting from coal combustion, which are either disposed of or utilized. This will be accomplished by: Determining the Hg concentration in coal combustion waste streams, specifically bottom ash, fly ash, flue gas desulfurization sludge and solids (FGDS), and spray dryer solids (SDS) Estimating percentage of Hg collected in the coal combustion waste streams based on the Hg in the as-fired coal Determining if the Hg in the waste and by-product samples is leachable Determining if the Hg in the waste and by-product samples is volatile

439

A kinetic investigation of high-temperature mercury oxidation by chlorine  

SciTech Connect

First-stage mercury oxidation reactions typical of coal combustion flue gases were investigated. The present study is a determination of the kinetic and thermodynamic parameters of the bimolecular reactions, Hg + Cl{sub 2}{leftrightarrow} HgCl + Cl, Hg + HCl {leftrightarrow} HgCl + H, and Hg + HOCl {leftrightarrow} HgCl + OH, at the B3LYP/RCEP60 VDZ level of theory over a temperature range of 298.15 to 2000 K at atmospheric pressure. Conventional transition state theory was used to predict the forward and reverse rate constants for each reaction and ab initio based equilibrium constant expressions were calculated as a function of temperature. Reasonable agreement was achieved between the calculated equilibrium constants and the available experimental values.

Wilcox, J. [Stanford University, Stanford, CA (United States). Dept. of Energy Resources Engineering

2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

440

Method of preparing mercury with an arbitrary isotopic distribution  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention provides for a process for preparing mercury with a predetermined, arbitrary, isotopic distribution. In one embodiment, different isotopic types of Hg[sub 2]Cl[sub 2], corresponding to the predetermined isotopic distribution of Hg desired, are placed in an electrolyte solution of HCl and H[sub 2]O. The resulting mercurous ions are then electrolytically plated onto a cathode wire producing mercury containing the predetermined isotopic distribution. In a similar fashion, Hg with a predetermined isotopic distribution is obtained from different isotopic types of HgO. In this embodiment, the HgO is dissolved in an electrolytic solution of glacial acetic acid and H[sub 2]O. The isotopic specific Hg is then electrolytically plated onto a cathode and then recovered. 1 fig.

Grossman, M.W.; George, W.A.

1986-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

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441

Method of preparing mercury with an arbitrary isotopic distribution  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention provides for a process for preparing mercury with a predetermined, arbitrary, isotopic distribution. In one embodiment, different isotopic types of Hg.sub.2 Cl.sub.2, corresponding to the predetermined isotopic distribution of Hg desired, are placed in an electrolyte solution of HCl and H.sub.2 O. The resulting mercurous ions are then electrolytically plated onto a cathode wire producing mercury containing the predetermined isotopic distribution. In a similar fashion, Hg with a predetermined isotopic distribution is obtained from different isotopic types of HgO. In this embodiment, the HgO is dissolved in an electrolytic solution of glacial acetic acid and H.sub.2 O. The isotopic specific Hg is then electrolytically plated onto a cathode and then recovered.

Grossman, Mark W. (Belmont, MA); George, William A. (Rockport, MA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Method for mercury refinement  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The effluent from mercury collected during the photochemical separation of the .sup.196 Hg isotope is often contaminated with particulate mercurous chloride, Hg.sub.2 Cl.sub.2. The use of mechanical filtering via thin glass tubes, ultrasonic rinsing with acetone (dimethyl ketone) and a specially designed cold trap have been found effective in removing the particulate (i.e., solid) Hg.sub.2 Cl.sub.2 contaminant. The present invention is particularly directed to such filtering.

Grossman, Mark W. (Belmont, MA); Speer, Richard (Reading, MA); George, William A. (Rockport, MA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Apparatus for mercury refinement  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The effluent from mercury collected during the photochemical separation of the .sup.196 Hg isotope is often contaminated with particulate mercurous chloride, Hg.sub.2 Cl.sub.2. The use of mechanical filtering via thin glass tubes, ultrasonic rinsing with acetone (dimethyl ketone) and a specially designed cold trap have been found effective in removing the particulate (i.e., solid) Hg.sub.2 Cl.sub.2 contaminant. The present invention is particularly directed to such filtering.

Grossman, Mark W. (Belmont, MA); Speer, Richard (Reading, MA); George, William A. (Rockport, MA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Apparatus for mercury refinement  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The effluent from mercury collected during the photochemical separation of the [sup 196]Hg isotope is often contaminated with particulate mercurous chloride, Hg[sub 2]Cl[sub 2]. The use of mechanical filtering via thin glass tubes, ultrasonic rinsing with acetone (dimethyl ketone) and a specially designed cold trap have been found effective in removing the particulate (i.e., solid) Hg[sub 2]Cl[sub 2] contaminant. The present invention is particularly directed to such filtering. 5 figures.

Grossman, M.W.; Speer, R.; George, W.A.

1991-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

445

Method for mercury refinement  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The effluent from mercury collected during the photochemical separation of the [sup 196]Hg isotope is often contaminated with particulate mercurous chloride, Hg[sub 2]Cl[sub 2]. The use of mechanical filtering via thin glass tubes, ultrasonic rinsing with acetone (dimethyl ketone) and a specially designed cold trap have been found effective in removing the particulate (i.e., solid) Hg[sub 2]Cl[sub 2] contaminant. The present invention is particularly directed to such filtering. 5 figures.

Grossman, M.W.; Speer, R.; George, W.A.

1991-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

446

Atmospheric Deposition of Mercury, Trace Elements, and Major Ions Around a Coal-fired Power Plant  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the results of a multiyear study to measure mercury (Hg), trace elements, and major ions in precipitation around Plant Crist, a four-unit coal-fired power plant in Pensacola, Florida. The main purpose of the study was to see if Hg emissions from Plant Crist could be detected and quantified in local wet deposition. Specifically, the study evaluated whether the significant reduction in Hg emissions that accompanied the installation of a wet flue gas desulfurization scrubber ...

2013-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

447

IMPLEMENTATION OF EMISSION GUIDELINES FOR LARGE MWCS THE STATUS OF EMISSIONS REDUCTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

heavy metals (mercury), organics (dioxin and PCBs), and acid gases (S02 and HCI). The Sorbalit process samples, should not be used for speciation ofHg). Mercury is present in flue gas either as elemental (HtHgCh. In the absence of CI, HgO is the primary ionic form. S02 in the flue gas is believed to reduce ionic mercury to

Columbia University

448

Influence of Thunderstorm Morphology on Mercury Concentrations Within Rainfall and Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) research found that mercury (Hg) concentrations in rainfall depend on the nature of the rain event. For example, convective events (thunderstorms) produce higher rainfall Hg concentrations than stratiform events. Also, thunderstorms in the southern regions of the United States produce higher rainfall Hg concentrations than thunderstorms in the northern regions. This study uses numerical model simulations to address geographic differences in thunderstorm a...

2012-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

449

Measuring Mercury Isotopes in the Atmosphere and Rainfall near a Coal-Fired Power Plant  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent work has shown that the seven naturally occurring stable isotopes of mercury (Hg) undergo mass-dependent fractionation (MDF) and mass-independent fractionation (MIF) during transformation processes, especially during chemical oxidation and reduction (redox) reactions that can occur in the atmosphere. The isotopic patterns resulting from fractionation can be used to help trace the sources of Hg in the environment and to help clarify the mechanisms of Hg cycling. This project was designed with ...

2013-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

450

Public Health Guidance Note Mercury  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mercury (Hg) occurs in nature as the mineral cinnibar (red mercuric sulfide) and has found widespread use in industry. The commercial

unknown authors

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

"The Time Machine" and "Heart of Darkness"| H. G. Wells, Joseph Conrad, and the fin de siecle.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Much work has been done on the relationship between fin de siècle authors H.G. Wells, Joseph Conrad, Henry James, Stephen Crane, and Ford… (more)

Vinson, Haili Ann

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Certification of Three NIST Renewal Soil Standard Reference ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... a baseline agricultural soil, a highly contaminated soil ... g of the 201Hg enriched isotope ... primary reference materials including high-purity compounds ...

2010-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

453

Journal of Research Volume 77A  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Wavelengths and energy levels of the second spectrum of cerium ... Theory of disclinations: IV. ... Nuclear magnetic resonance of 113 Cd and 199 Hg in ...

2012-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

454

NIST: Atomic Spectroscopy Group - Classical Spectroscopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of singly-ionized mercury (Hg II) The spectra and energy levels of ... it plays a prominent role in some chemically peculiar stars recently observed with ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

455

ABSTRACT:  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... effective for extraction of sulfur and mercury from coals and other ... (3) Long, SE; Kelly, WR "Certification of SRM 1635, Coal; Constituent: Mercury (Hg ...

456

Spatial and Temporal Assessment of Metal and Metalloid Bioaccumulation Patterns in Fish from the Ohio River  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This research assesses fish tissue and water chemistry data from the Ohio River. Analytes of interest in fish tissue and water chemistry are total mercury (Hg), methylmercury (MeHg), selenium (Se), and arsenic (As). This research specifically examines (1) spatial and temporal trends in fish tissue data; (2) whether fish tissue concentrations of As, Hg, MeHg, and/or Se in various species (channel catfish, hybrid striped bass, freshwater drum, and sauger) are correlated with non-biological factors such as ...

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

457

Oxidation of elemental mercury by chlorine: Gas phase, Surface, and Photo-induced reaction pathways  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Elemental Mercury by Chlorine: Gas Phase, Surface, andthe oxidation of mercury by chlorine gas. The kinetics wasoxidation of Hg 0 by chlorine (Cl 2 ). The three concurrent

Yan, Nai-Qiang; Liu, Shou-Heng; Chang, Shih-Ger

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

DOE-NETLs Mercury R&D Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Initiative February 14, 2002 ACS Monthly Meeting November 4, 2004 History of Mercury R&D 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 * Field testing * Plume chemistry Final Hg Regulations *...

459

PRESIDENT'S UPDATE SPRING 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of transcription by Hg-MerR. Science. 1990;247:946­948. 25. Newberry KJ, Brennan RG. The structural mechanism

Li, Mo

460

Method for isotope enrichment of mercury-196 by selective photoionization  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is provided for selectively photoionizing /sup 196/Hg atoms in a vapor utilizing a three or four-step photoionization process.

Paisner, J.A.; Crane, J.K.

1986-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n2 h2s hg" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Fire on the Web  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... RJ Santoro, TT Yeh, JJ Horvath, and HG Semerjian, Combustion ... spectrometric measurements, not calculated assuming that the water-gas shift ...

462

Slide 1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

suggested assessment studies REACTION ENGINEERING INTERNATIONAL * Testing at bench- and pilot-scales - Ignition & flame attachment - Char oxidation - NOx, SOx, Hg - Soot - Heat...

463

Mercury emission behavior during isolated coal particle combustion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Of all the trace elements emitted during coal combustion, mercury is most problematic. Mercury from the atmosphere enters into oceanic and terrestrial waters. Part of the inorganic Hg in water is converted into organic Hg (CH3Hg), which is toxic and bioaccumulates in human and animal tissue. The largest source of human-caused mercury air emissions in the U.S is from combustion coal, a dominant fuel used for power generation. The Hg emitted from plants primarily occurs in two forms: elemental Hg and oxidized Hg (Hg2+). The coal chlorine content and ash composition, gas temperature, residence time and presence of different gases will decide the speciation of Hg into Hg0 and Hg2+. For Wyoming coal the concentrations of mercury and chlorine in coal are 120ppb and 140ppb. In order to understand the basic process of formulation of HgCl2 and Hg0 a numerical model is developed in the current work to simulate in the detail i) heating ii) transient pyrolysis of coal and evolution of mercury and chlorine, iii) gas phase oxidation iv) reaction chemistry of Hg and v) heterogeneous oxidation of carbon during isolated coal particle combustion. The model assumes that mercury and chlorine are released as a part of volatiles in the form of elemental mercury and HCl. Homogenous reaction are implemented for the oxidation of mercury. Heterogeneous Hg reactions are ignored. The model investigates the effect of different parameters on the extent of mercury oxidation; particle size, ambient temperature, volatile matter, blending coal with high chlorine coal and feedlot biomass etc,. Mercury oxidation is increased when the coal is blended with feedlot biomass and high chlorine coal and Hg % conversion to HgCl2 increased from 10% to 90% when 20% FB is blended with coal. The ambient temperature has a negative effect on mercury oxidation, an increase in ambient temperature resulted in a decrease in the mercury oxidation. The percentage of oxidized mercury increases from 9% to 50% when the chlorine concentration is increased from 100ppm to 1000ppm. When the temperature is decreased from 1950 K to 950 K, the percentage of mercury oxidized increased from 3% to 27%.

Puchakayala, Madhu Babu

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Journal of Research Volume 106  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Information Model for Machine-Tool-Performance Tests, p. 413 Y. Tina ... Photocurrent Measurement of PC and PV HgCdTe Detectors, p. 577 George ...

2012-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

465

NETL: Mercury Emissions Control Technologies - University of...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Using SCR and SNCR NOx Control Technologies Determination of the Speciated Mercury Inventory at Four Coal-Fired Boilers Using Continuous Hg Monitors Longer-Term Testing of...

466

Large-Scale Testing of Enhanced Mercury Removal for Subbituminous...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the mid-1990s to develop advanced, cost-effective mercury (Hg) control technologies for coal-fired power plants. Anticipating new Federal rules and possible state legislation,...

467

Wind Prospect Developments Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Developments Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Wind Prospect Developments Ltd Place United Kingdom Zip BS8 1HG Sector Wind energy Product Wind Prospect Developments Limited was...

468

Recovery of mercury from mercury compounds via electrolytic methods  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for electrolytically recovering mercury from mercury compounds is provided. In one embodiment, Hg is recovered from Hg.sub.2 Cl.sub.2 employing as the electrolyte solution a mixture of HCl and H.sub.2 O. In another embodiment, Hg is electrolytically recovered from HgO wherein the electrolyte solution is comprised of glacial acetic acid and H.sub.2 O. Also provided is an apparatus for producing isotopically enriched mercury compounds in a reactor and then transporting the dissolved compounds into an electrolytic cell where mercury ions are electrolytically reduced and elemental mercury recovered from the mercury compounds.

Grossman, Mark W. (Belmont, MA); George, William A. (Rockport, MA)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Recovery of mercury from mercury compounds via electrolytic methods  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for electrolytically recovering mercury from mercury compounds is provided. In one embodiment, Hg is recovered from Hg[sub 2]Cl[sub 2] employing as the electrolyte solution a mixture of HCl and H[sub 2]O. In another embodiment, Hg is electrolytically recovered from HgO wherein the electrolyte solution is comprised of glacial acetic acid and H[sub 2]O. Also provided is an apparatus for producing isotopically enriched mercury compounds in a reactor and then transporting the dissolved compounds into an electrolytic cell where mercury ions are electrolytically reduced and elemental mercury recovered from the mercury compounds. 3 figs.

Grossman, M.W.; George, W.A.

1989-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

470

Obtaining accurate amounts of mercury from mercury compounds via electrolytic methods  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is described for obtaining pre-determined, accurate rate amounts of mercury. In one embodiment, predetermined, precise amounts of Hg are separated from HgO and plated onto a cathode wire. The method for doing this involves dissolving a precise amount of HgO which corresponds to a pre-determined amount of Hg desired in an electrolyte solution comprised of glacial acetic acid and H[sub 2]O. The mercuric ions are then electrolytically reduced and plated onto a cathode producing the required pre-determined quantity of Hg. In another embodiment, pre-determined, precise amounts of Hg are obtained from Hg[sub 2]Cl[sub 2]. The method for doing this involves dissolving a precise amount of Hg[sub 2]Cl[sub 2] in an electrolyte solution comprised of concentrated HCl and H[sub 2]O. The mercurous ions in solution are then electrolytically reduced and plated onto a cathode wire producing the required, pre-determined quantity of Hg. 1 fig.

Grossman, M.W.; George, W.A.

1987-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

471

Obtaining accurate amounts of mercury from mercury compounds via electrolytic methods  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for obtaining pre-determined, accurate rate amounts of mercury. In one embodiment, predetermined, precise amounts of Hg are separated from HgO and plated onto a cathode wire. The method for doing this involves dissolving a precise amount of HgO which corresponds to a pre-determined amount of Hg desired in an electrolyte solution comprised of glacial acetic acid and H.sub.2 O. The mercuric ions are then electrolytically reduced and plated onto a cathode producing the required pre-determined quantity of Hg. In another embodiment, pre-determined, precise amounts of Hg are obtained from Hg.sub.2 Cl.sub.2. The method for doing this involves dissolving a precise amount of Hg.sub.2 Cl.sub.2 in an electrolyte solution comprised of concentrated HCl and H.sub.2 O. The mercurous ions in solution are then electrolytically reduced and plated onto a cathode wire producing the required, pre-determined quantity of Hg.

Grossman, Mark W. (Belmont, MA); George, William A. (Rockport, MA)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Recovery of mercury from mercury compounds via electrolytic methods  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for electrolytically recovering mercury from mercury compounds is provided. In one embodiment, Hg is recovered from Hg.sub.2 Cl.sub.2 employing as the electrolyte solution a mixture of HCl and H.sub.2 O. In another embodiment, Hg is electrolytically recovered from HgO wherein the electrolyte solution is comprised of glacial acetic acid and H.sub.2 O. Also provided is an apparatus for producing isotopically enriched mercury compounds in a reactor and then transporting the dissolved compounds into an electrolytic cell where mercury ions are electrolytically reduced and elemental mercury recovered from the mercury compounds.

Grossman, Mark W. (Belmont, MA); George, William A. (Rockport, MA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Recovery of mercury from mercury compounds via electrolytic methods  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for electrolytically recovering mercury from mercury compounds is provided. In one embodiment, Hg is recovered from Hg.sub.2 Cl.sub.2 employing as the electrolyte solution a mixture of HCl and H.sub.2 O. In another embodiment, Hg is electrolytically recovered from HgO wherein the electrolyte solution is comprised of glacial acetic acid and H.sub.2 O. Also provided is an apparatus for producing isotopically enriched mercury compounds in a reactor and then transporting the dissolved compounds into an electrolytic cell where mercury ions are electrolytically reduced and elemental mercury recovered from the mercury compounds.

Grossman, Mark W. (Belmont, MA); George, William A. (Rockport, MA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Recovery of mercury from mercury compounds via electrolytic methods  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for electrolytically recovering mercury from mercury compounds is provided. In one embodiment, Hg is recovered from Hg[sub 2]Cl[sub 2] employing as the electrolyte solution a mixture of HCl and H[sub 2]O. In another embodiment, Hg is electrolytically recovered from HgO wherein the electrolyte solution is comprised of glacial acetic acid and H[sub 2]O. Also provided is an apparatus for producing isotopically enriched mercury compounds in a reactor and then transporting the dissolved compounds into an electrolytic cell where mercury ions are electrolytically reduced and elemental mercury recovered from the mercury compounds. 3 figures.

Grossman, M.W.; George, W.A.

1991-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

475

EMSL FY09 4th Quarter Report Now Available  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hg(II) on magnetite surfaces. This analysis implied that adsorption is involved in the electron transfer process. The results of these analysis suggest that the reaction of...

476

Publications Portal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... concentrations, complete degradation of the PCBs in transformer oil was ... designs employ Hg-Ar discharges under operating conditions that differ ...

2012-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

477

Publications Portal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... complete degradation of the PCBs in transformer oil was ... Hg-Ar discharges under operating conditions that differ ... Monitoring spontaneous, th ... ...

2012-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

478

PILOT-AND FULL-SCALE DEMONSTRATION OF ADVANCED MERCURY CONTROL TECHNOLOGIES FOR LIGNITE-FIRED POWER PLANTS  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of the project was to develop advanced innovative mercury control technologies to reduce mercury emissions by 50%-90% in flue gases typically found in North Dakota lignite-fired power plants at costs from one-half to three-quarters of current estimated costs. Power plants firing North Dakota lignite produce flue gases that contain >85% elemental mercury, which is difficult to collect. The specific objectives were focused on determining the feasibility of the following technologies: Hg oxidation for increased Hg capture in dry scrubbers, incorporation of additives and technologies that enhance Hg sorbent effectiveness in electrostatic precipitators (ESPs) and baghouses, the use of amended silicates in lignite-derived flue gases for Hg capture, and the use of Hg adsorbents within a baghouse. The approach to developing Hg control technologies for North Dakota lignites involved examining the feasibility of the following technologies: Hg capture upstream of an ESP using sorbent enhancement, Hg oxidation and control using dry scrubbers, enhanced oxidation at a full-scale power plant using tire-derived fuel and oxidizing catalysts, and testing of Hg control technologies in the Advanced Hybrid{trademark} filter.

Steven A. Benson; Charlene R. Crocker; Kevin C. Galbreath; Jay R. Gunderson; Michael J. Holmes; Jason D. Laumb; Jill M. Mackenzie; Michelle R. Olderbak; John H. Pavlish; Li Yan; Ye Zhuang

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

KHALIL AMINE, PH  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Illinois. Career Activities & Highlights Inorganic Analysis: ICP, ICP-MS, Hg, TCLP, LECO Carbon & Sulfur o Support to PNNL TTQP for ICP: cation impurities and high...

480

No Slide Title  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

air toxics from CUBs * Laboratory methods development & Hg release studies - Leaching (TCLP, SGLP, short and long term) - Volatilization (short and long term) -...