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1

The internal structures of the nucleon resonances $N(1875)$ and $N(2120)$  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A nucleon resonance with spin-parity $J^P=3/2^-$ and mass about 2.1 GeV is essential to reproduce the photoproduction cross sections for $\\Lambda(1520)$ released by the LEPS and CLAS Collaborations. It can be explained as the third nucleon resonance state $[3/2^-]_3$ in the constituent quark model so that there is no position to settle the $N(1875)$ which is listed in the PDG as the third $N3/2^-$ nucleon resonance. An interpretation is proposed that the $N(1875)$ is from the interaction of a decuplet baryon $\\Sigma(1385)$ and a octet meson $K$, which is favored by a calculation of binding energy and decay pattern in a Bethe-Salpeter approach.

He, Jun

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

??? Decay Mode of Neutral K Mesons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The decay K??++?-+?, ??e++e- has been observed in the film of the UCRL 72-in. hydrogen bubble chamber exposed to a beam of 1325-MeV/c momentum negative pions. This event unambiguously fits only the decay mode K??+?+?, but because the K's life span is almost exactly one K10 lifetime it is impossible to say whether it is a direct ??? or inner bremsstrahlung accompanying normal K10?2? decay.

D. Stern

1962-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Radiative Decay Modes of the Muon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A 5-in. freon bubble chamber was used to search for the following decay modes of the ?+ meson: (1) ?+?e++?, (2) ?+?e++e-+e+, (3) ?+?e++?0+?¯0+?, (4) ?+?e++?0+?¯0+e++e-. Two exposures were made at the Carnegie Institute of Technology synchrocyclotron. A total of 200 000 pictures were taken yielding 3.3×105 ?+ meson decays.A total of 3×105 ?+ decays were examined for mode (1). No decays consistent with this mode were found. The upper limit on the branching ratio Rrad was found to be Rrad=(?+?e++?)(?+?e++?0+?¯0)<2.5×10-5.A total of 3.3×105 ?+ decays were scanned for mode (2) and no such decays were observed. The limit on the branching ratio R3e was found to be R3e=(?+?e++e-+e+)(?+?e++?0+?¯0)<4×10-6.The internal bremsstrahlung rate (mode 3) was measured for two values of E?0 (the minimum photon energy detected). The results were RIB=(?+?e++?0+?¯0+?)(?+?e++?0+?¯0), RIB=(1.4±0.4)×10-2, E?0=10 Mev, RIB=(3.3±1.3)×10-3, E?0=20 Mev.The rate of internal conversion of internal bremsstrahlung [mode (4)] was found to be RIC=(?+?e++?0+?¯0+e++e-)(?+?e++?0+?¯0)=(2.2±1.5)×10-5, E0=10 Mev, where E0 is the minimum energy of the internally converted ? ray.A summary is given of previous experiments on these decay modes and results are discussed with special reference to the intermediate boson scheme of weak four-fermion interactions.

R. R. Crittenden; W. D. Walker; J. Ballam

1961-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

4

Can decaying modes save void models for acceleration?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The discovery of the unexpected dimness of type Ia supernovae, apparently due to accelerated expansion driven by some form of dark energy or modified gravity, has led to attempts to explain the observations using only general relativity with baryonic and cold dark matter, but by dropping the standard assumption of homogeneity on Hubble scales. In particular, the supernova data can be explained if we live near the center of a Hubble-scale void. However, such void models have been shown to be inconsistent with various observations, assuming the void consists of a pure growing mode. Here it is shown that models with significant decaying mode contribution today can be ruled out on the basis of the expected cosmic microwave background spectral distortion. This essentially closes one of the very few remaining loopholes in attempts to rule out void models, and strengthens the evidence for Hubble-scale homogeneity.

James P. Zibin

2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

5

Constraints on Nucleon Decay via Invisible Modes from the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Data from the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory have been used to constrain the lifetime for nucleon decay to “invisible” modes, such as n?3?. The analysis was based on a search for ? rays from the deexcitation of the residual nucleus that would result from the disappearance of either a proton or neutron from O16. A limit of ?inv>2×1029??yr is obtained at 90% confidence for either neutron- or proton-decay modes. This is about an order of magnitude more stringent than previous constraints on invisible proton-decay modes and 400 times more stringent than similar neutron modes.

S. N. Ahmed et al. (SNO Collaboration)

2004-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

6

Evidence for the Charmless Annihilation Decay Mode B[subscript s][superscript 0]??[superscript +]?[superscript -  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We search for annihilation decay modes of neutral b mesons into pairs of charmless charged hadrons with the upgraded Collider Detector at the Fermilab Tevatron. Using a data sample corresponding to 6??fb[superscript -1] ...

Gomez-Ceballos, Guillelmo

7

VII. Nuclear Chemistry (Chapter 17) A. Modes of radioactive decay, nuclear reactions, fission, fusion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

40 VII. Nuclear Chemistry (Chapter 17) A. Modes of radioactive decay, nuclear reactions, fission #12;41 These masses are not exactly integer multiples due to nuclear interactions between the protons differences via the famous formula E = mc2 . Nuclear Fusion! For example, if you combine 2 protons and two

8

Search for invisible decays of Higgs bosons in the vector boson fusion and associated ZH production modes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A search for invisible decays of Higgs bosons is performed using the vector boson fusion and associated ZH production modes. In the ZH mode, the Z boson is required to decay to a pair of charged leptons or a b[bar over b] ...

Apyan, Aram

9

A Search for the Decay Modes B +/- to h +/- tau l  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a search for the lepton flavor violating decay modes B{sup {+-}} {yields} h{sup {+-}} {tau}{ell} (h = K, {pi}; {ell} = e, {mu}) using the BABAR data sample, which corresponds to 472 million B{bar B} pairs. The search uses events where one B meson is fully reconstructed in one of several hadronic final states. Using the momenta of the reconstructed B, h, and {ell} candidates, we are able to fully determine the {tau} four-momentum. The resulting {tau} candidate mass is our main discriminant against combinatorial background. We see no evidence for B{sup {+-}} {yields} h{sup {+-}} {tau}{ell} decays and set a 90% confidence level upper limit on each branching fraction at the level of a few times 10{sup -5}.

Lees, J.P.

2012-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

10

Search for invisible decays of Higgs bosons in the vector boson fusion and associated ZH production modes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A search for invisible decays of Higgs bosons is performed using the vector boson fusion and associated ZH production modes. In the ZH mode, the Z boson is required to decay to a pair of charged leptons or a b b-bar quark pair. The searches use the 8 TeV pp collision dataset collected by the CMS detector at the LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of up to 19.7 inverse femtobarns. Certain channels include data from 7 TeV collisions corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 4.9 inverse femtobarns. The searches are sensitive to non-standard-model invisible decays of the recently observed Higgs boson, as well as additional Higgs bosons with similar production modes and large invisible branching fractions. In all channels, the observed data are consistent with the expected standard model backgrounds. Limits are set on the production cross section times invisible branching fraction, as a function of the Higgs boson mass, for the vector boson fusion and ZH production modes. By combining all channels, and assuming standard model Higgs boson cross sections and acceptances, the observed (expected) upper limit on the invisible branching fraction at m[H] = 125 GeV is found to be 0.58 (0.44) at 95% confidence level. We interpret this limit in terms of a Higgs-portal model of dark matter interactions.

Chatrchyan, Serguei; et. al,

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Search for invisible decays of Higgs bosons in the vector boson fusion and associated ZH production modes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A search for invisible decays of Higgs bosons is performed using the vector boson fusion and associated ZH production modes. In the ZH mode, the Z boson is required to decay to a pair of charged leptons or a b b-bar quark pair. The searches use the 8 TeV pp collision dataset collected by the CMS detector at the LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of up to 19.7 inverse femtobarns. Certain channels include data from 7 TeV collisions corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 4.9 inverse femtobarns. The searches are sensitive to non-standard-model invisible decays of the recently observed Higgs boson, as well as additional Higgs bosons with similar production modes and large invisible branching fractions. In all channels, the observed data are consistent with the expected standard model backgrounds. Limits are set on the production cross section times invisible branching fraction, as a function of the Higgs boson mass, for the vector boson fusion and ZH production modes. By combining all channels, and assuming standard model Higgs boson cross sections and acceptances, the observed (expected) upper limit on the invisible branching fraction at m[H] = 125 GeV is found to be 0.58 (0.44) at 95% confidence level. We interpret this limit in terms of a Higgs-portal model of dark matter interactions.

CMS Collaboration

2014-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

12

Discovery Potential of the Standard Model Higgs Boson Through H -> WW Decay Mode with the ATLAS Detector at LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report results of a study of the Standard Model Higgs boson discovery potential through the W-pair leptonic decay modes with the ATLAS detector at LHC at 14 TeV center-of-mass energy. We used MC samples with full detector simulation and reconstruction of the ATLAS experiment to estimate the ATLAS detection sensitivity for the reaction of pp -> H -> WW -> e\

Hai-Jun Yang; for the ATLAS Collaboration

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Continental Shelf Research 25 (2005) 227242 Influence of stratification on decaying surface seiche modes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of ffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffi Dr=r p ). Those seiches also decay over time, as wave radiation gradually takes their energy away of flooding at Venice. r 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Keywords: Seiches; Surface waves

Cushman-Roisin, Benoit

14

The {beta}-Decay Properties of Scissors Mode 1{sup +} States in {sup 164}Er  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The beta decay properties of collective I{sup {pi}}K = 1{sup +}1 states in doubly even deformed {sup 164}Er nuclei are investigated in the framework of the rotational invariant random-phase approximation. It is shown that an essential decrease of the rate of the allowed {beta}-decay to the excited 1{sup +}-states as compared with that to the ground state may be due to the orbital nature of the states. The model Hamiltonian includes restoring rotational invariance of the deformed single particle Hamiltonian forces and the spin-spin interactions. The analytical expressions for the Gamov-Teller (G-T) and Fermi (F) decay matrix elements are derived. The single-particle energies were obtained from the Warsaw deformed Woods-Saxon potential with deformation parameter {delta}{sub 2} = 0.24. The numerical results for {beta}{sup +} transition from {sup 164}Tm to {sup 164}Er indicate the importance of using rotational invariant Hamiltonian to explain experimental data.

Yildirim, Z.; Kuliev, A.; Ozkan, S. [Sakarya University, Department of Physics, 54100, Sakarya (Turkey); Guliyev, E. [Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences, H. Cavid Avenue 33, Baku (Azerbaijan); Institut fur Kernphysik, Technische Universitat Darmstadt, Darmstadt (Germany)

2008-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

15

Search for the Standard Model Higgs Boson in the H to to lepton-hadron and hadron-hadron Decay Modes with the ATLAS Detector  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this proceeding, a search for a Higgs boson in the H to ? + ? ? decay mode, where both taus decay hadronically or one decay hadronically and one leptonically. The analysis is based on a data sample of proton-proton collision collected by the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at centre-of-mass energies of 7 TeV during 2011, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 4.7 f b ? 1 . No significant excess is observed in the Higgs boson mass range of 100–150 GeV. The observed (expected) limits on the cross-section times branching ratio for H to ? + ? ? at m H = 125 GeV are 6.2(5.9) and 6.3(6.5) for lepton-hadron and hadron-hadron decay modes, respectively.

Yuki Sakurai

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Some rare decay modes of the K meson in a current-current quark model. I. K??l+l- decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

K+??+l+l- decay is calculated in a zero-parameter modified baryon-loop model which has proven successful in describing the weak radiative kaon decays. The weak Hamiltonian is phenomenologically constructed from one-baryon octet matrix elements. The predicted branching ratio of the loop model r+(e+e-)=?(K+??+e+e-)?(K+?all)=1.6×10-6 [with r+(?+?-)=0.3×10-6] compares reasonably with the prediction of a recent gauge-theory calculation of Lee and Gaillard, r+G.T.(e+e-)?10-6 (with acceptable values ranging between 3 × 10-6 and 0.5 × 10-6) and is to be compared with the presently available experimental upper bound r+exp(e+e-)<0.4×10-6. We also find the ratio ?(KS0??0e+e-)?(K+??+e+e-) to be essentially zero in the loop model, as opposed to its value of unity in the gauge-model calculation.

R. Rockmore and A. N. Kamal

1974-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Combination of Tevatron Searches for the Standard Model Higgs Boson in the W(+)W(?) Decay Mode  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We combine searches by the CDF and D0 Collaborations for a Higgs boson decaying to W(+)W(?). The data correspond to an integrated total luminosity of 4.8 (CDF) and 5.4 (D0) fb(?1) of pp-bar collisions at s?=1.96??TeV at the Fermilab Tevatron...

Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Clutter, Justace Randall; McGivern, Carrie Lynne; Moulik, Tania; Aaltonen, T.; Abazov, V. M.; Abbott, B.; Abolins, M.; Acharya, B. S.; Adams, M.; Adams, T.

2010-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

18

Combination of Tevatron searches for the standard model Higgs boson in the W+W- decay mode  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We combine searches by the CDF and D0 collaborations for a Higgs boson decaying to W{sup +}W{sup -}. The data correspond to an integrated total luminosity of 4.8 (CDF) and 5.4 (D0) fb{sup -1} of p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. No excess is observed above background expectation, and resulting limits on Higgs boson production exclude a standard-model Higgs boson in the mass range 162-166 GeV at the 95% C.L.

Aaltonen, T.; Abazov, V.M.; Gregores, E.M.; Mercadante, P.G.; /ABC Federal U.; Hebbeker, T.; Kirsch, M.; Meyer, A.; Sonnenschein, L.; /Aachen, Tech. Hochsch.; Avila, C.; Gomez, B.; Mendoza, L.; /Andes U., Bogota /Argonne /Arizona U. /Athens U. /Barcelona, IFAE /Baylor U. /Bonn U. /Boston U. /Brandeis U.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Evidence for Higgs boson Yukawa couplings in the $H\\to\\tau\\tau$ decay mode with the ATLAS detector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Results of a search for $H\\to\\tau\\tau$ decays are presented, based on the full set of proton-proton collision data recorded by the ATLAS experiment at the LHC during 2011 and 2012. The data correspond to integrated luminosities of 4.5 $\\rm{fb}^{-1}$ and 20.3 $\\rm{fb}^{-1}$ at centre-of-mass energies of $\\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV and $\\sqrt{s}$ = 8 TeV respectively. All combinations of leptonic ($\\tau \\to \\ell \

The ATLAS collaboration

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Preparations for Measurement of Electroweak Boson Production Cross-Sections using the Electron Decay Modes, with the Compact Muon Solenoid Detector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Compact Muon Solenoid was designed to make discoveries at the TeV scale : to elucidate the nature of electroweak symmetry breaking and to search for physics beyond the Standard Model. For any such discovery to be credible, it must first be demonstrated that the CMS detector is understood. One mechanism to make this demonstration is to measure “standard candle” processes, such as W and Z production. This thesis describes preparations undertaken to make these measurements using the electron decay modes, with an integrated luminosity of 10 inverse picobarns of collision data. The energy resolution of the electromagnetic calorimeter was measured in test beam data. An improved method of deriving the optimised weights necessary for amplitude reconstruction is described. The measurement of electron charge using tracks is impaired by the electron showering in the tracker material. A novel charge measurement technique that is complementary to the existing method was assessed. Missing transverse energy is a pow...

Wardrope, D R

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n1875 decay modes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

bxxx005-sumtab.dvi  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

HTTP://PDG.LBL.GOV HTTP://PDG.LBL.GOV Page 10 Created: 11/27/2012 15:48 Citation: J. Beringer et al. (Particle Data Group), PR D86, 010001 (2012) (URL: http://pdg.lbl.gov) p N(1875) DECAY MODES N(1875) DECAY MODES N(1875) DECAY MODES N(1875) DECAY MODES Fraction (Γ i /Γ) Scale factor (MeV /c) N π (12 ± 10 ) % 695 N η ( 3.5± 3.5) % 2.5 559 N ω (21 ± 7 ) % 371 Σ K ( 7 ± 4 ) × 10 -3 384 ∆(1232)π , S-wave (40 ± 10 ) % 520 ∆(1232)π , D-wave (17 ± 10 ) % 520 N ρ , S=3/2, S-wave ( 6 ± 6 ) % 379 N ( ππ ) I =0 S-wave (24 ± 24 ) % - p γ 0.008-0.016 % 703 p γ , helicity=1/2 0.006-0.010 % 703 p γ , helicity=3/2 0.002-0.006 % 703 N(1900) 3/2 + N(1900) 3/2 + N(1900) 3/2 + N(1900) 3/2 + I (J P ) = 1 2 ( 3 2 + ) Breit-Wigner mass ≈ 1900 MeV Breit-Wigner full width ∼ 250 MeV Re(pole position) = 1900 ± 30 MeV - 2Im(pole position) = 200 + 100 - 60 MeV N(1900) DECAY MODES N(1900) DECAY MODES N(1900) DECAY MODES N(1900) DECAY MODES Fraction (Γ i /Γ)

22

Search for the Decay Modes D0 to e+ e-, D0 to mu+ mu-, and D0 to e+/- mu+/-  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present searches for the rare decay modes D{sup 0} {yields} e{sup +}e{sup -}, D{sup 0} {yields} {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}, and D{sup 0} {yields} e{sup {+-}}{mu}{sup {-+}} in continuum e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} c{bar c} events recorded by the BABAR detector in a data sample that corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 468 fb{sup -1}. These decays are highly GIM suppressed but may be enhanced in several extensions of the Standard Model. Our observed event yields are consistent with the expected backgrounds. An excess is seen in the D{sup 0} {yields} {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -} channel, although the observed yield is consistent with an upward background fluctuation at the 5% level. Using the Feldman-Cousins method, we set the following 90% confidence level intervals on the branching fractions: {Beta}(D{sup 0} {yields} e{sup +}e{sup -}) < 1.7 x 10{sup -7}, {Beta}(D{sup 0} {yields} {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}) within [0.6, 8.1] x 10{sup -7}, and {Beta}(D{sup 0} {yields} e{sup {+-}}{mu}{sup {-+}}) < 3.3 x 10{sup -7}.

Lees, J. P.

2012-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

23

Decay of Np241  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The decay of a 16-minute neptunium activity attributed to Np241 has been studied with anthracene and sodium iodide scintillation counters. The principal mode of decay appears to be a beta group decaying to the ground state of Pu241 with a beta end-point energy of 1.36±0.10 Mev.

R. Vandenbosch

1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Uncertainties in nuclear transition matrix elements for ?+?+ and ??+ modes of neutrinoless positron double-? decay within the projected Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Uncertainties in the nuclear transition matrix elements M(0?) and M(0N) of the double-positron emission (?+?+)0? and electron-positron conversion (??+)0? modes owing to the exchange of light and heavy Majorana neutrinos, respectively, are calculated for 96Ru, 102Pd, 106Cd, 124Xe, 130Ba, and 156Dy isotopes by employing the PHFB model with four different parametrizations of the pairing plus multipolar two-body interactions and three different parametrizations of the Jastrow short-range correlations. In all cases but for 130Ba the uncertainties are smaller than 14% for light Majorana neutrino exchange and 35% for the exchange of a heavy Majorana neutrino.

P. K. Rath, R. Chandra, K. Chaturvedi, P. Lohani, P. K. Raina, and J. G. Hirsch

2013-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

25

Photoproduction and Decay of Light Mesons in CLAS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present preliminary experimental results on photoproduction and decay of light mesons measured with CLAS setup at JLAB . This include Dalitz decay of pseudoscalar and vector mesons, radiative decay of pseudoscalar mesons as well hadronic decays of pseudoscalar and vector mesons. The collected high statistics in some of decay channels exceeds the world data by an order of magnitude and some other decay modes are observed for the first time. It is shown how the CLAS data will improve the world data on transition form factors of light mesons, Dalitz plot analyses, branching ratios of rare decay modes and other fundamental properties potentially accessible through the light meson decays.

Amaryan, Moskov Jamalovich [Old Dominion University

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Decays of intermediate vector bosons, radiative corrections and QCD jets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigate decay properties of the intermediate vector bosons W± and Z0. QED and QCD radiative corrections to leptonic and hadronic decay modes are calculated. Implications of the results for decay widths, branching ratios, determination of the number of neutrino species, e-?-? universality and properties of hadronic jets produced in W± and Z0 decays are examined.

David Albert; William J. Marciano; Daniel Wyler; Zohreh Parsa

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Measurement of the Oscillation Frequency of B_s Mesons in the Hadronic Decay Mode B_s-> pi D_s(phi pi)X$ with the D0 Detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The standard model (SM) of particle physics is a theory, describing three out of four fundamental forces. In this model the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa (CKM) matrix describes the transformation between the mass and weak eigenstates of quarks. The matrix properties can be visualized as triangles in the complex plane. A precise measurement of all triangle parameters can be used to verify the validity of the SM. The least precisely measured parameter of the triangle is related to the CKM element |V{sub td}|, accessible through the mixing frequency (oscillation) of neutral B mesons, where mixing is the transition of a neutral meson into its anti-particle and vice versa. It is possible to calculate the CKM element |V{sub td}| and a related element |V{sub ts}| by measuring the mass differences {Delta}m{sub d} ({Delta}m{sub s}) between neutral B{sub d} and {bar B}{sub d} (B{sub s} and {bar B}{sub s}) meson mass eigenstates. This measurement is accomplished by tagging the initial and final state of decaying B mesons and determining their lifetime. Currently the Fermilab Tevatron Collider (providing p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV) is the only place, where B{sub s} oscillations can be studied. The first selection of the 'golden', fully hadronic decay mode B{sub s} {yields} {pi}D{sub s}({phi}{pi})X at D0 is presented in this thesis. All data, taken between April 2002 and August 2007 with the D0 detector, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of {integral} Ldt = 2.8 fb{sup -1} is used. The oscillation frequency {Delta}m{sub s} and the ratio |V{sub td}|/|V{sub ts}| are determined as {Delta}m{sub s} = (16.6{sub -0.4}{sup +0.5}(stat){sub -0.3}{sup +0.4}(sys)) ps{sup -1}, |V{sub td}|/|V{sub ts}| = 0.213{sub -0.003}{sup +0.004}(exp) {+-} 0.008(theor). These results are consistent with the standard model expectations and no evidence for new physics is observable.

Weber, Gernot August; /Mainz U., Inst. Phys.

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

B Decay  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Decay Decay B mesons are short-lived and decay inside the beam pipe, which is about 2.5 cm (1 inch) in diameter. Physicists project the tracks seen in the detector elements outside the beampipe back to where the particles must have traveled inside the beam pipe. We call a point where particles collide or decay a vertex. A way to identify a B meson is to look for two vertices with a gap between them. On the left is a standard event picture. On the right is a blowup of what happens close to the collision point inside the beam pipe. The vertex is where the B meson along with other particles was created and the secondary vertex is where it decayed. The solid green lines are the actual tracks of the decay particles outside the beam pipe. The dotted lines are the projection of the tracks into the beam pipe. Where they intersect are the vertices. The B travels between the first vertex and the secondary vertex along the black dotted line before it decays. Thus, the gap between the two vertices is a measure of the lifetime of the B meson. We will be looking for this decay length in our data. We will find a minimum or "threshold" value that will tell us to save events for further analysis.

29

Calculated secondary yields for proton broadband using DECAY TURTLE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The calculations for the yields were done by Al Sondgeroth and Anthony Malensek. The authors used the DECAY deck called PBSEC{_}E.DAT from the CMS DECKS library. After obtaining the run modes and calibration modes from the liaison physicist, they made individual decay runs, using DECAY TURTLE from the CMS libraries and a production spectrum subroutine which was modified by Anthony, for each particle and decay mode for all particle types coming out of the target box. Results were weighted according to branching ratios for particles with more than one decay mode. The production spectra were produced assuming beryllium as the target. The optional deuterium target available to broadband will produce slightly higher yields. It should be noted that they did not include pion yields from klong decays because they could not simulate three body decays. Pions from klongs would add a very small fraction to the total yield.

Sondgeroth, A.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Theory of top quark production and decay  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Direct and indirect information on the top quark mass and its decay modes is reviewed. The theory of top production in hadron- and electron-positron-colliders is presented.

Kuehn, J.H. [Universitaet Karlsruhe (Germany)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Observing Nucleon Decay in Lead Perchlorate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lead perchlorate, part of the OMNIS supernova neutrino detector, contains two nuclei, 208Pb and 35Cl, that might be used to study nucleon decay. Both would produce signatures that will make them especially useful for studying less-well-studied neutron decay modes, e.g., those in which only neutrinos are emitted.

R. N. Boyd; T. Rauscher; S. D. Reitzner; P. Vogel

2003-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

32

What is interesting in eta and eta' Meson Decays?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An introduction to the physics of eta and eta' meson decays is given. A historical account of the discovery of the mesons is presented. It is followed by an overview and classification of the common decay modes and the relevance of the mesons for modern hadron and particle physics. In more detail the hadronic decay modes are discussed and in particular some interesting features of the eta-> 3pi0 decay are presented. The last section briefly reviews and compares reactions used to produce the eta and eta' mesons for the studies of their decays.

Andrzej Kupsc

2007-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

34

Rare and forbidden decays of D Mesons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors summarize the results of two recent searches for flavor-changing neutral current, lepton-flavor violating, and lepton-number violating decays of D{sup +}, D{sub s}{sup +}, and D{sup 0} mesons (and their antiparticles) into modes containing muons and electrons. using data from Fermilab charm hadroproduction experiment E791, they examined D{sup +} and D{sub s}{sup +} {pi}{ell}{ell} and {Kappa}{ell}{ell} decay modes and the D{sup 0} dilepton decay modes containing either {ell}{sup +}{ell}{sup {minus}}, a {rho}{sup 0}, {bar {Kappa}}*{sup 0}, or {phi} vector meson, or a non-resonant {pi}{pi}, {Kappa}{pi}, or {Kappa}{Kappa} pair of pseudoscalar mesons. No evidence for any of these decays was found. Therefore, the authors presented branching-fraction upper limits at 90% confidence level for the 51 decay modes examined. Twenty-six of these modes had no previously reported limits, and eighteen of the remainder were reported with significant improvements over previously published results.

David A. Sanders et al.

2001-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

35

Search for the Standard Model Higgs boson decaying to two W bosons at CMS .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In this thesis, we search for the production of the Standard Model Higgs boson at the Large Hadron Collider, through its decay mode to two… (more)

Xie, Si, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

The Isospin Model prediction for multi-pion tau decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The predictions of an isospin model are compared with the branching ratios of the 5 and 6 pion decays of the tau lepton. In both cases, the isospin model suggests that the tau favours decays in which there is an omega resonance. Recent measurements of such tau decays confirm this hypothesis. If the decay of the tau to 7 pions also proceeds through an intermediate omega, then the isospin model predicts that the branching ratio of the tau to seven charged pions should be small when compared with other 7 pion decays. New limits on this mode appear to support this argument.

Randall J. Sobie

1998-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

37

Searching for new physics in nonleptonic B decays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present allowed regions in the space of observables of certain nonleptonic B-meson decays that characterize these modes within the standard model. A future measurement of observables lying significantly outside of these regions would indicate the presence of new physics. Making use of SU(3) arguments, we give the range for B??K decays, and for the system of Bd??+?-, Bs?K+K- modes.

Robert Fleischer and Joaquim Matias

2000-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

38

Neutrinoless double beta decay search with the NEMO 3 experiment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The NEMO 3 experiment searches for neutrinoless double beta decay and makes precision measurements of two?neutrino double beta decay in seven isotopes. The latest two?neutrino half?life results are presented together with the limits on neutrinoless half?lives and the corresponding effective Majorana neutrino masses. Also given are the limits obtained on neutrinoless double beta decay mediated by R p ?violating SUSY right?hand currents and different Majoron emission modes.

Irina Nasteva; NEMO collaboration

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Evidence for the Decay X(3872) ? ?(2S)?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evidence for the decay mode X(3872) ? ?(2S)? in B[superscript +] ? X(3872)K[superscript +] decays is found with a significance of 4.4 standard deviations. The analysis is based on a data sample of proton–proton collisions, ...

Counts, Ian Thomas Hunt

40

Semileptonic Decays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The following is an overview of the measurements of the CKM matrix elements |V{sub cb}| and |V{sub ub}| that are based on detailed studies of semileptonic B decays by the BABAR and Belle Collaborations and major advances in QCD calculations. In addition, a new and improved measurement of the ratios R(D{sup (*)}) = {Beta}({bar B} {yields} D{sup (*)}{tau}{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub {tau}})/{Beta}({bar B} {yields} D{sup (*)}{ell}{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub {ell}}) is presented. Here D{sup (*)} refers to a D or a D* meson and {ell} is either e or {mu}. The results, R(D) = 0.440 {+-} 0.058 {+-} 0.042 and R(D*) = 0.332 {+-} 0.024 {+-} 0.018, exceed the Standard Model expectations by 2.0{sigma} and 2.7{sigma}, respectively. Taken together, they disagree with these expectations at the 3.4{sigma} level. The excess of events cannot be explained by a charged Higgs boson in the type II two-Higgs-doublet model.

Luth, Vera G.; /SLAC

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n1875 decay modes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Observation of the isospin-violating decay Ds(*+) -> Ds(+) pi(0)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using data collected with the CLEO II detector, we have observed the isospin-violating decay D-s(*+) --> D-s(+) pi(0). The decay rate for this mode, relative to the dominant radiative decay, is found to be Gamma(D-s(*+) --> D-s(+) pi(0))/Gamma...

Ammar, Raymond G.; Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Besson, David Zeke; Coppage, Don; Copty, N.; Davis, Robin E. P.; Hancock, N.; Kotov, S.; Kravchenko, I.; Kwak, Nowhan

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Search for Rare and Forbidden Charm Meson Decays at Fermilab E791  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report the results of a blind search for flavor-changing neutral current, lepton-flavor violating, and lepton-number violating decays of D+, D(s)+, and D0 mesons (and their antiparticles) into modes containing muons and electrons. Using data from Fermilab charm hadroproduction experiment E791, we examine the pi l l and K l l decay modes of D+ and D(s)+ and the l+ l- decay modes of D0. No evidence for any of these decays is found. Therefore, we present branching-fraction upper limits at 90% confidence level for the 24 decay modes examined. Eight of these modes have no previously reported limits, and fourteen are reported with significant improvements over previously published results.

Fermilab E791 Collaboration; D. J. Summers

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Search for New Physics in Rare Top Decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Top physics provides a fertile ground for new-physics searches. At present, most top observables appear to be in good agreement with the respective Standard Model predictions. However, in the case of decay modes that are suppressed in the Standard Model, new-physics contributions of comparable magnitude may exist and yet go unnoticed because their impact on the total decay width is small. Hence it is interesting to probe rare top decays. This analysis focuses on the decay $t \\to b \\bar b c$. Useful observables are identified and prospects for measuring new-physics parameters are examined.

Pratishruti Saha

2014-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

44

Number of negative modes of the oscillating bounces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The spectrum of small perturbations about oscillating bounce solutions recently discussed in the literature is investigated. Our study supports quite intuitive and expected result: the bounce with N nodes has exactly N homogeneous negative modes. Existence of more than one negative modes makes obscure the relation of these oscillating bounce solutions to the false vacuum decay processes.

Lavrelashvili, George [Department of Theoretical Physics, University of Geneva, 24 quai Ernest-Ansermet, CH 1211 Geneva 4 (Switzerland) and Department of Theoretical Physics, A.Razmadze Mathematical Institute, GE 0193 Tbilisi (Georgia)

2006-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

45

Modes of Operation Encryption with Block Ciphers: Modes of Operation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(ECB) · Cipher Block Chaining mode (CBC) · Output Feedback mode (OFB) · Cipher Feedback mode (CFB) · Cipher Feedback mode (CFB) · Counter mode (CTR) · Galois Counter Mode (GCM) · All of the 6 modes have one

46

Exotic decay model and alpha decay studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In exotic decay studies, the lifetime of alpha emission occurs crucially in the branching ratio calculation. In this work, we extend our previous exotic decay model to calculate the same. But, in this case unlike in the exotic decay, the redistribution of charge for given masses of the fragments has to be taken into account since the charge-to-mass ratio of the alpha fragment differs from that of the parent nucleus. We have therefore modified the Yukawa-plus-exponential potential in the post-scission region in our model suitably so as to allow the required charge redistribution among the fragments in the region between sharp contact and the point up to which the finite-range effects persist. The success of this model for alpha decay is as good as for the exotic decay studies.

Shanmugam, G.; Kamalaharan, B. (Department of Physics, Presidency College, Madras 600005, India (IN))

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Moduli Decays and Gravitinos  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One proposed solution of the moduli problem of string cosmology requires that the moduli are quite heavy, their decays reheating the universe to temperatures above the scale of nucleosynthesis. In many of these scenarios, the moduli are approximately supersymmetric; it is then crucial that the decays to gravitinos are helicity suppressed. In this paper, we discuss situations where these decays are, and are not, suppressed. We also comment on a possible gravitino problem from inaton decay.

Dine, Michael; Kitano, Ryuichiro; Morisse, Alexander; Shirman, Yuri

2006-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

48

Glossary Term - Beta Decay  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Avogadro's Number Avogadro's Number Previous Term (Avogadro's Number) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Beta Particle) Beta Particle Beta Decay Beta decay results in the emission of an electron and antineutrino, or a positron and neutrino. Beta decay is one process that unstable atoms can use to become more stable. There are two types of beta decay, beta-minus and beta-plus. During beta-minus decay, a neutron in an atom's nucleus turns into a proton, an electron and an antineutrino. The electron and antineutrino fly away from the nucleus, which now has one more proton than it started with. Since an atom gains a proton during beta-minus decay, it changes from one element to another. For example, after undergoing beta-minus decay, an atom of carbon (with 6 protons) becomes an atom of nitrogen (with 7 protons).

49

Rare K decays: Challenges and Perspectives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

At this stage of the LHC program, the prospect for a new physics signal in the very rare K ---> pi nu nu bar decays may be dented, but remains well alive thanks to their intrinsic qualities. First, these decays are among the cleanest observables in the quark flavor sector. When combined with their terrible suppression in the Standard Model, they thus offer uniquely sensitive probes. Second, the LHC capabilities are not ideal for all kinds of new physics, even below the TeV scale. For example, rather elusive scenarios like natural-SUSY-like hierarchical spectrum, baryon number violation, or new very light but very weakly interacting particles may well induce deviations in rare K decays. Even though experimentalists should brace themselves for tiny deviations, these modes thus have a clear role to play in the LHC era.

Christopher Smith

2014-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

50

Searches for a heavy Higgs boson decaying into WW, ZZ in final states with hadronic jets and neutrinos  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The H ? ZZ ? 2?2q decay mode has the largest branching fraction among all H?ZZ modes considered at CMS, about 20 times larger than that of the fully leptonic final state, and since all four decay products are ...

Giovanni Petrucciani

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Measurement of the branching ratios for the decays of D(+)(s) to ??(+), ???(+), ??(+), and ???(+)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PHYSICAL REVIEW D, VOLUME 58, 052002Measurement of the branching ratios for the decays of Ds1 to hp1, h8p1, hr1, and h8r1 C. P. Jessop, K. Lingel, H. Marsiske, M. L. Perl, S. F. Schaffner, D. Ugolini, R. Wang, and X. Zhou Stanford Linear Accelerator...-II detector at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring, we have measured the branching ratios for the decay modes Ds 1!(h ,h 8 )p1 and Ds1!(h ,h8)r1 relative to Ds1!fp1. These decay modes are among the most common hadronic decays of the Ds 1 , and can be related...

Baringer, Philip S.

1998-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

52

Decay of accelerated particles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study how the decay properties of particles are changed by acceleration. It is shown that under the influence of acceleration (1) the lifetime of particles is modified and (2) new processes (such as the decay of the proton) become possible. This is illustrated by considering scalar models for the decay of muons, pions, and protons. We discuss the close conceptual relation between these processes and the Unruh effect.

Rainer Müller

1997-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

53

Neutrinoless Quadruple Beta Decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We point out that lepton number violation is possible even if neutrinos are Dirac particles. We illustrate this by constructing a simple model that allows for lepton number violation by four units only. As a consequence, neutrinoless double beta decay is forbidden, but neutrinoless quadruple beta decay is possible: $(A,Z) \\to (A,Z+4) + 4 e^-$. We identify three candidate isotopes for this decay, the most promising one being Nd-150 due to its high $Q_{0\

Julian Heeck; Werner Rodejohann

2013-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

54

Self-Similar Modes of Coherent Diffusion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Self-similar solutions of the coherent diffusion equation are derived and measured. The set of real similarity solutions is generalized by the introduction of a nonuniform phase surface, based on the elegant Gaussian modes of optical diffraction. In an experiment of light storage in a gas of diffusing atoms, a complex initial condition is imprinted, and its diffusion dynamics is monitored. The self-similarity of both the amplitude and the phase pattern is demonstrated, and an algebraic decay associated with the mode order is measured. Notably, as opposed to a regular diffusion spreading, a self-similar contraction of a special subset of the solutions is predicted and observed.

O. Firstenberg; P. London; D. Yankelev; R. Pugatch; M. Shuker; N. Davidson

2010-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

55

OBSERVED DAMPING OF THE SLOW MAGNETOACOUSTIC MODE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spectroscopic and stereoscopic imaging observations of slow magnetoacoustic wave propagation within a coronal loop are investigated to determine the decay length scale of the slow magnetoacoustic mode in three dimensions and the density profile within the loop system. The slow wave is found to have an e-folding decay length scale of 20,000{sup +4000}{sub -3000} km with a uniform density profile along the loop base. These observations place quantitative constraints on the modeling of wave propagation within coronal loops. Theoretical forward modeling suggests that magnetic field line divergence is the dominant damping factor and thermal conduction is insufficient, given the observed parameters of the coronal loop temperature, density, and wave mode period.

Marsh, M. S.; Walsh, R. W. [Jeremiah Horrocks Institute for Astrophysics and Supercomputing, University of Central Lancashire, Preston PR1 2HE (United Kingdom); De Moortel, I., E-mail: mike.s.marsh@gmail.com, E-mail: mmarsh@uclan.ac.uk [School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of St Andrews, St Andrews KY16 9SS (United Kingdom)

2011-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

56

Rare decay modes by cluster emission from nuclei  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new interpretation of cluster preformation probability is given as the penetrability of the prescission part of the barrier, within a fission theory. It is shown that the preformed cluster model is equivalent to the fission model. A universal curve of cluster radioactivities is derived. The parameter Z2/A is only applicable to symmetric fission. A similar quantity for asymmetric fission may be borrowed from the theory of heavy ion fusion reactions. The logarithm of symmetric fission half-lives calculated in the framework of the liquid drop model is linearly decreasing function of fissility, but a different dependence is obtained for asymmetric fission.

D N Poenaru; W Greiner

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Dark radiation from particle decay: cosmological constraints and opportunities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study particle decay as the origin of dark radiation. After elaborating general properties and useful parametrisations we provide model-independent and easy-to-use constraints from nucleosynthesis, the cosmic microwave background and structure formation. Bounds on branching ratios and mass hierarchies depend in a unique way on the time of decay. We demonstrate their power to exclude well-motivated scenarios taking the example of the lightest ordinary sparticle decaying into the gravitino. We point out signatures and opportunities in cosmological observations and structure formation. For example, if there are two dark decay modes, dark radiation and the observed dark matter with adjustable free-streaming can originate from the same decaying particle, solving small-scale problems of structure formation. Hot dark matter mimicking a neutrino mass scale as deduced from cosmological observations can arise and possibly be distinguished after a discovery. Our results can be used as a guideline for model building.

Hasenkamp, Jasper; Kersten, Jörn, E-mail: Jasper.Hasenkamp@desy.de, E-mail: Joern.Kersten@desy.de [II. Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Hamburg, 22761 Hamburg (Germany)

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Dark radiation from particle decay: cosmological constraints and opportunities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study particle decay as the origin of dark radiation. After elaborating general properties and useful parametrisations we provide model-independent and easy-to-use constraints from nucleosynthesis, the cosmic microwave background and structure formation. Bounds on branching ratios and mass hierarchies depend in a unique way on the time of decay. We demonstrate their power to exclude well-motivated scenarios taking the example of the lightest ordinary sparticle decaying into the gravitino. We point out signatures and opportunities in cosmological observations and structure formation. For example, if there are two dark decay modes, dark radiation and the observed dark matter with adjustable free-streaming can originate from the same decaying particle, solving small-scale problems of structure formation. Hot dark matter mimicking a neutrino mass scale as deduced from cosmological observations can arise and possibly be distinguished after a discovery. Our results can be used as a guideline for model building.

Jasper Hasenkamp; Jörn Kersten

2014-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

59

Kink modes in pedestal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Kink modes are investigated in pedestal for shaped tokamaks. An analytic combining criterion is presented. It lies on the middle of the sufficient criterion of Lortz and necessary criterion of Mercier giving a more restricted necessary criterion. Growth rates and mode structure are calculated. For large poloidal mode number, the modes are highly localized in both poloidal and radial directions. The modes increase rapidly when they approach to the resonant surface. They are typical of edge localized modes (ELMs). It is assumed that the modes vanish inside the next resonant surface, then, there seems to be a second stable region. Several mitigation methods for controlling ELMs are proposed.

Wang, Z. T. [Southwestern Institute of Physics, Chengdu 610041 (China) [Southwestern Institute of Physics, Chengdu 610041 (China); College of Physics Science and Technology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065 (China); He, Z. X.; Dong, J. Q.; Wang, Z. H.; Xu, M. [Southwestern Institute of Physics, Chengdu 610041 (China)] [Southwestern Institute of Physics, Chengdu 610041 (China); Xu, X. L.; Mou, M. L.; Sun, T. T.; Huang, J.; Chen, S. Y.; Tang, C. J. [College of Physics Science and Technology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065 (China)] [College of Physics Science and Technology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065 (China)

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

60

Majorons and muon decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The existence of a massless Goldstone boson coupling to neutrinos in theories with spontaneous violation of a global B-L symmetry may be consequential in precision measurements of the parameters in muon decay. We calculate the decay parameters for ??eMM, where the Majoron M is the Goldstone boson, and discuss limits on the Majoron-neutrino coupling.

T. Goldman; Edward W. Kolb; G. J. Stephenson; Jr.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n1875 decay modes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Muon Decay Deep Underground  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A measurement of delayed coincidences characteristic of muon decay has been made at a depth of 1440-hg/cm2 standard rock with a 200-liter liquid scintillation detector. These results are consistent with the decay rate predicted from the depth-intensity curve for the penetrating component of the cosmic rays, providing independent evidence that this component is energetic muons.

W. R. Kropp; Jr.; F. Reines; R. M. Woods; Jr.

1968-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

62

Rare hadronic B decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rare hadronic B-meson decays allow us to study CP violation. The class of B decays final states containing two vector mesons provides a rich set of angular correlation observables to study. This article reviews some of the recent experimental results from the BaBar and Belle collaborations.

A. J. Bevan

2006-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

63

Neutrinoless double beta decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Present status of the search for 0??? decay and of the related theoretical questions is reviewed. The mechanism of the decay and how to recognize it is discussed first followed by the relation of the effective neutrino Majorana mass and the oscillation parameters and the problems of nuclear matrix elements. The planned ? 100 kg experiments are briefly described.

Petr Vogel

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Higgs boson decays into single photon plus unparticle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The decay of the standard model Higgs boson into a single photon and a vector unparticle through a one-loop process is studied. For an intermediate-mass Higgs boson, this single photon plus unparticle mode can have a branching ratio comparable with the two-photon discovery mode. The emitted photon has a continuous energy spectrum encoding the nature of the recoil unparticle. It can be measured in precision studies of the Higgs boson after its discovery.

Kingman Cheung; Chong Sheng Li; Tzu-Chiang Yuan

2008-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

65

CP violation in flavor-tagged Bs? --> J/[psi][phi] decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this dissertation, we present the results of a time-dependent angular analysis of Bs -+ J/,0 decays performed with the use of initial-state flavor tagging. CP violation is observed in this mode through the interference ...

Makhoul, Khaldoun

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Search for Majorana Neutrinos in B[superscript ?] ? ?[superscript +]?[superscript ?]?[superscript ?] Decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A search for heavy Majorana neutrinos produced in the B[superscript ?] ? ?[superscript +]?[superscript ?]?[superscript ?] decay mode is performed using 3??fb[superscript ?1] of integrated luminosity collected with the LHCb ...

Counts, Ian Thomas Hunt

67

B Decay Length  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Threshold Decay Length Threshold Decay Length Data from 292 B events are in an Excel spreadsheet that looks like this table. To find the threshold decay length: Sort the data by descending decay lengths, dt. Run Event No. B Mass GeV/c2 ptB GeV/c dt cm Velocity v/c Lab Lifetime sec Rest Lifetime sec Bin 65160 642324 5.277 7.966 0.388 66500 89978 5.274 20.508 0.940 Get the data. Make a histogram of decay lengths. Rather than graphing all the lengths as individual points, physicists group the data. They consider the range of the data and divide it into "bins" of equal size. A histogram is a graph of the number of events in each bin vs. the bin range. We are looking for the smallest decay length that fits the exponential curve. This will indicate the length of the decay as detemined by that experimental run.

68

Search for the Standard Model Higgs boson decaying to two W bosons at CMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, we search for the production of the Standard Model Higgs boson at the Large Hadron Collider, through its decay mode to two W bosons, which each in turn decay into a charged lepton and a neutrino. The Higgs ...

Xie, Si, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Charmless B Decays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rare charmless hadronic B decays are a good testing ground for the standard model. The dominant amplitudes contributing to this class of B decays are CKM suppressed tree diagrams and b {yields} s or b {yields} d loop diagrams (''penguins''). These decays can be used to study interfering standard model (SM) amplitudes and CP violation. They are sensitive to the presence of new particles in the loops, and they provide valuable information to constrain theoretical models of B decays. The B factories BABAR at SLAC and Belle at KEK produce B mesons in the reaction e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} {Upsilon}(4S) {yields} B{bar B}. So far they have collected integrated luminosities of about 406 fb{sup -1} and 600 fb{sup -1}, respectively. The results presented here are based on subsets of about 200-500 fb{sup -1} and are preliminary unless a journal reference is given.

Gradl, Wolfgang; /Edinburgh U.

2007-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

70

Neutrinoless Double $?$-Decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The neutrinoless double $\\beta$-decay is reviewed. Model independent evidence in favor of neutrino masses and mixing is briefly summarized. The data of the recent experiments on the search for $0\

S. M. Bilenky

2004-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

71

Decay of Np93232  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The decay of Np93232 has been studied by ? spectroscopy with a Ge(Li) spectrometer. The energies and relative intensities of 24 ? peaks have been determined. A decay scheme with two new energy levels at 1098.2 and 1146.3 keV is proposed. The level at 1193.9 keV has been confirmed. Electron-capture branching intensities are given.

R. Weiss-Reuter; H. Münzel; G. Pfennig

1972-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Double Beta Decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The motivation, present status, and future plans of the search for the neutrinoless double beta decay are reviewed. It is argued that, motivated by the recent observations of neutrino oscillations, there is a reasonable hope that neutrinoless double beta decay corresponding to the neutrino mass scale suggested by oscillations, of about 50 meV, actually exists. The challenges to achieve the sensitivity corresponding to this mass scale, and plans to overcome them, are described.

Steven R. Elliott; Petr Vogel

2002-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

73

Physics and Outlook for Rare, All-neutral Eta Decays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The $\\eta$ meson provides a laboratory to study isospin violation and search for new flavor-conserving sources of C and CP violation with a sensitivity approaching $10^{-6}$ of the isospin-conserving strong amplitude. Some of the most interesting rare $\\eta$ decays are the neutral modes, yet the effective loss of photons from the relatively common decay $\\eta \\rightarrow 3\\pi^0 \\rightarrow 6\\gamma$ (33$\\%$) has largely limited the sensitivity for decays producing 3-5$\\gamma$'s. Particularly important relevant branches include the highly suppressed $\\eta \\rightarrow \\pi^0 2\\gamma \\rightarrow 4\\gamma$, which provides a rare window on testing models of $O(p^6)$ contributions in ChPTh, and $\\eta \\rightarrow 3\\gamma$ and $\\eta \\rightarrow 2\\pi^0 \\gamma \\rightarrow 5\\gamma$ which provide direct constraints on C violation in flavor-conserving processes. The substitution of lead tungstate in the forward calorimeter of the GluEx setup in Jefferson Lab's new Hall D would allow dramatically improved measurements. The main niche of this facility, which we call the JLab Eta Factory (JEF), would be $\\eta$ decay neutral modes. However, this could likely be expanded to rare $\\eta'(958)$ decays for low energy QCD studies as well as $\\eta$ decays involving muons for new physics searches.

Mack, David J. [JLAB

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Decays of electron Bernstein waves near plasma edge  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nonlinear wave-wave couplings near the upper hybrid resonance are studied via particle-in-cell simulations. It is found that the decay of an electron Bernstein wave (EBW) depends on the ratio of the incident frequency and electron cyclotron frequency. For ratios less than two, parametric decay into a lower hybrid wave (or an ion Bernstein wave) and EBWs at a lower frequency is observed. For ratios larger than two, the daughter waves could be an electron cyclotron quasi-mode and another EBW or an ion wave and EBW. For sufficiently high incident power, the former process may dominate. Because of the electron cyclotron quasi-mode, electrons can be strongly heated by nonlinear Landau damping. As a result, the bulk of the incident power can be absorbed near plasma edge at high power. The increase in number of decay channels with frequency implies that the allowable power into the plasma must decrease with frequency.

Xiang Nong [Institute of Plasma Physics, CAS, Hefei, Anhui 230031 (China); Center for Integrated Plasma Studies, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado 80309 (United States); Cary, John R. [Center for Integrated Plasma Studies, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado 80309 (United States); Tech-X Corporation, Boulder, Colorado 80303 (United States)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

75

Search for Rare K+ Decays. I. K+??+??¯?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a counter experiment at the LBL Bevatron, we have searched for the process K+??+??¯? and have found no evidence for its existence. We have recorded ten events which could be examples of this decay mode, but could also be examples of K+??+?? in which the ? was not detected. Treating these as unidentified events and assuming the ?+ spectrum proposed by Bardin, Bilenky, and Pontecorvo, we obtain a decay rate ?(K+??+??¯?)?6×10-6?(K+?all) (90% confidence level). The data are presented in such a way as to allow calculation of rates for any assumed spectrum. The experiment provides a test for higher-order weak processes and sets constraints on certain first-order models.

C. Y. Pang; R. H. Hildebrand; G. D. Cable; R. Stiening

1973-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Search for ? mesons in ? lepton decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

f b21 of data collected with the CLEO II detector. We find model-dependent upper limits on the branching fractions in the range B(t2!fp2n t ),(1.222.0)31024 and B(t2!fK2n t ),(5.426.7)31025 at 90% confidence level. @S0556-2821~97!50603-5# PACS number...~s!: 13.35.Dx, 12.39.2x, 12.40.Vv, 14.40.Cs I. INTRODUCTION A measurement of the decay t2!fp2n t @1# is of inter- est as it may provide clues to the workings of QCD at the 1 GeV/c2 mass scale. This decay mode may serve @2# as a valuable source...

Baringer, Philip S.

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Invisible Decays of Supersymmetric Higgs Bosons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the detection of the complete spectrum of Higgs bosons of the minimal supersymmetric standard model through their decays into chargino (?? i ± ) and neutralinos (?? i o ) for several parametric scenarios. In the minimal supersymmetric model there are two charginos and four neutralinos and the Higgs boson spectrum contains three neutral scalars two CP?even ( h 0 and H 0 with m H 0 >m h 0 ) and one CP?odd ( A 0 with m A 0 as a free parameter); as well as a charged pair (H ± ). An interesting signal comes from the decays of the Higgs bosons into invisible SUSY modes ( h 0 H 0 A 0 ??? 1 o ?? 1 o ) which could be detected at present and future high energy machines.

M. del R. Aparicio Méndez; J. E. Barradas Guevara; O. Félix Beltrán

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Radiative decays of the ?(3684) into high-mass states  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Results of studies of radiative decays of the ?(3684) using the SLAC-LBL magnetic detector at the electron storage ring SPEAR are presented. There are three high-mass states produced in ?(3684) radiative decays, with masses of 3414±3, 3503±4, and 3551±4 MeV where the errors given do not include an overall mass-scale uncertainty of ±4 MeV. There is some evidence for a fourth such state at either 3455 or 3340 MeV. The branching ratio for ?(3684) radiative decay into the state at 3414 MeV is found to be (7.5 ± 2.6)%. The decay modes of these states into hadrons and into ??(3095) are studied, yielding information about the branching ratios, spins, and parities of the states. The results are interpreted in the charmonium picture of the high-mass states.

W. Tanenbaum et al.

1978-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

A NEW SEARCH FOR NEUTRINOLESS bb DECAY WITH A THERMAL A. Alessandrello, C. Brofferio, D.V. Camin, O. Cremonesi, E. Fiorini, E. Garcia,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 A NEW SEARCH FOR NEUTRINOLESS bb DECAY WITH A THERMAL DETECTOR A. Alessandrello, C. Brofferio, D collected in 9234 hours of effective running time we improve our limit on neutrinoless double beta decay on this nucleus and excludes a large contribution of the neutrinoless mode to the rate of double beta decay found

80

DS+ DECAYS TO ETA-RHO+, ETA'RHO+, AND PHI-RHO+  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have observed the previously unseen eta-rho+ and eta'rho+ decay modes of the D(s)+, and measured branching ratios relative to the phi-pi+ mode of 2.86 +/- 0.38(-0.38)+0.36 and 3.44 +/-0.62(-0.46)+0.44, respectively. In addition, the relative...

Ammar, Raymond G.; Baringer, Philip S.; Coppage, Don; Davis, Robin E. P.; Kelly, M.; Kwak, Nowhan; Lam, H.; Ro, S.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n1875 decay modes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Giant resonance decay  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Decay studies of giant multipole resonances are discussed, emphasizing the role of Coulomb excitation with intermediate energy heavy ions, which can provide very large cross sections for both isoscalar and isovector resonances. We discuss measurement of the photon decay of one and two phonon giant resonances, reporting results where available. It is pointed out throughout the presentation that the use of E1 photons as a tag'' provides a means to observe weakly excited resonances that cannot be observed in the singles spectra. 30 refs., 16 figs., 1 tab.

Beene, J.R.; Bertrand, F.E.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Semileptonic lepton-number- and/or lepton-flavor-violating ? decays in Majorana neutrino models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Motivated by the recent investigation of neutrinoless ?-lepton decays by the CLEO Collaboration, we perform a systematic analysis of such decays in a possible new-physics scenario with heavy Dirac and/or Majorana neutrinos, including heavy-neutrino nondecoupling effects, finite quark masses, and quark as well as meson mixings. We find that the ? lepton decays into an electron or muon and a pseudoscalar or vector meson can have branching ratios close to the experimental sensitivity. Numerical estimates show that the predominant decay modes of this kind are ?-?e-?, ?-?e-?0, and ?-?e-?0, with branching ratios of the order of 10-6.

A. Ilakovac, B. A. Kniehl, and A. Pilaftsis

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Invisible Higgs decay with B\\to K?\\bar? constraint  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

If the Higgs boson were the only particle within the LHC accessible range, precision measurement of the Higgs's properties would play a unique role in studying electroweak symmetry breaking as well as possible new physics. We try to use low energy experiments such as rare B decay to constrain a challenging decay mode of Higgs, in which a Higgs decays to a pair of light (\\approx 1 \\sim 2 GeV) SM singlet S and becomes invisible. By using the current experimental bound of rare decay B\\to K\

C. S. Kim; Seong Chan Park; Kai Wang; Guohuai Zhu

2009-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

84

WHY SEARCH FOR DOUBLE BETA DECAY?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the search for neutrinoless double beta decay may prove verySearching for neutrinoless double beta decay is the onlysensitivity of neutrinoless double beta decay. The potential

Kayser, B.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Radioactive Decay of Lutetium-174  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ytterbium oxide enriched to 98.4% in the 174 mass number was irradiated with 6-Mev protons. An activity of approximately 165-day half-life was produced and assigned to Lu174 by the identification of the ytterbium K x-ray and of the activities produced by similar proton irradiations of the other enriched isotopes of ytterbium. The observed activity of Lu174 consists of the L and K x-rays of ytterbium and 76.6- and 1228-kev gamma rays which are in coincidence. Because no beta radiation exists in the activity of Lu174, the mode of decay is solely by electron capture to Yb174. Approximately 31% of the disintegrations of Lu174 are to the ground state of Yb174. In addition to the 76.6-kev level of Yb174, there is a 1305-kev level with a spin of 0+. The transitions of Lu174 to the 1305-kev level of Yb174 are by L capture only and the percentages of electron capture to the 76.6- and 1305-kev levels of Yb174 are approximately 59 and 10, respectively. A spin of 1- is assigned to the ground state of Lu174.

R. G. Wilson and M. L. Pool

1960-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

86

Vacuum Energy Decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The problem of the vacuum energy decay is studied through the analysis of the vacuum survival amplitude ${\\mathcal A}(z, z')$. Transition amplitudes are computed for finite time-span, $Z\\equiv z^\\prime-z$, and their {\\em late time} behavior is discussed up to first order in the coupling constant, $\\l$.

Enrique Álvarez; Roberto Vidal

2011-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

87

Theory of Beta Decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......pseudoscalar coupling constant, (13 1) Schwarzschild gave the data on He6 (Sc57b). thesis...data of ft values in the beta decay of mirror transitions between doubly closed shell...Ann. of Phys. 2 (1957), 407. A. Schwarzschild, Ph. D. Thesis, Columbia University......

M. Morita

1963-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Architecture AddressingModes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MIPS R2000 Architecture and Assembly (Part 1) 1. CPU Registers 2. Byte Order 3. AddressingModes 4­endian byte order 3 2 1 0 0 1 2 3 Or Byte number #12; AddressingModes . MIPS is a load/store architecture . RICS -- Load/Store architecture -- All instructions have equal length of 4 bytes -- Every register can

Nguyen, Dat H.

89

Measurements of CP violation in the three-body phase space of charmless B[superscript ±] decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The charmless three-body decay modes B[superscript ±] ? K[superscript ±]?[superscript +]?[superscript -], B[superscript ±] ? K[superscript ±]K[superscript +]K[superscript -], B[superscript ±] ? ?[superscript ±]K[superscript ...

Aaij, R.

90

Search for Invisible Decays of a Higgs Boson Produced in Association with a Z Boson in ATLAS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A search for evidence of invisible-particle decay modes of a Higgs boson produced in association with a Z boson at the Large Hadron Collider is presented. No deviation from the standard model expectation is observed in ...

Taylor, Frank E.

91

arXiv:hep-ex/0211027v111Nov2002 Search for neutrinoless decays involving the K0  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

arXiv:hep-ex/0211027v111Nov2002 1 Search for neutrinoless decays involving the K0 S meson K neutrinoless LFV modes within a model involving heavy Dirac neutrinos. The branching fractions depend

92

Z?bb¯ excess and top quark decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The apparent excess of Z?bb¯ events at CERN LEP may be an indication of new physics beyond the standard model. However, in either the two-Higgs-doublet model or the minimal supersymmetric standard model any explanation would lead to an important new decay mode of the top quark and suppresses the t?Wb branching fraction, which goes against what has been observed at the Fermilab Tevatron. In the two-Higgs-doublet model, the branching fraction of Z?bb¯+a light boson which decays predominantly into bb¯ would be at least of order 10-4. © 1995 The American Physical Society.

Ernest Ma and Daniel Ng

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Neutralino decays at the CERN LHC  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the distribution of lepton pairs from the second lightest neutralino decay ??20???10l+l-. This decay mode is important to measure the mass difference between ??20 and the lightest neutralino ??10, which helps to determine the parameters of the minimal supersymmetric standard model at the CERN LHC. We found that the decay distribution strongly depends on the values of underlying MSSM parameters. For some extreme cases, the amplitude near the end point of the lepton invariant mass distribution can be suppressed so strongly that one needs the information of the whole mll distribution to extract m??20-m??10. On the other hand, if systematic errors on the acceptance can be controlled, this distribution can be used to constrain slepton masses and the Z??20??10 coupling. Measurements of the velocity distribution of ??20 from samples near the end point of the mll distribution, and of the asymmetry of the pT of leptons, would be useful to reduce the systematic errors.

Mihoko M. Nojiri and Youichi Yamada

1999-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

94

Handbook on string decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We explain simple semi-classical rules to estimate the lifetime of any given highly-excited quantum state of the string spectrum in flat spacetime. We discuss both the decays by splitting into two massive states and by massless emission. As an application, we study a solution describing a rotating and pulsating ellipse which becomes folded at an instant of time -- the ``squashing ellipse''. This string interpolates between the folded string with maximum angular momentum and the pulsating circular string. We explicitly compute the quantum decay rate for the corresponding quantum state, and verify the basic rules that we propose. Finally, we give a more general (4-parameter) family of closed string solutions representing rotating and pulsating elliptical strings.

Roberto Iengo; Jorge G. Russo

2006-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

95

Bremsstrahlung in ? decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A quantum mechanical analysis of the bremsstrahlung in ? decay of 210Po is performed in close reference to a semiclassical theory. We clarify the contribution from the tunneling, mixed, outside barrier regions, and from the wall of the inner potential well to the final spectral distribution, and discuss their interplay. We also comment on the validity of semiclassical calculations, and the possibility to eliminate the ambiguity in the nuclear potential between the alpha particle and daughter nucleus using the bremsstrahlung spectrum.

N. Takigawa; Y. Nozawa; K. Hagino; A. Ono; D. M. Brink

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

mode | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

mode mode Dataset Summary Description Supplemental Table 46 of EIA AEO 2011 Early Release Source EIA Date Released December 08th, 2010 (4 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords AEO Annual Energy Outlook EIA Energy Information Administration Fuel mode TEF transportation Transportation Energy Futures Data text/csv icon Transportation_Sector_Energy_Use_by_Fuel_Type_Within_a_Mode.csv (csv, 144.3 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period 2008-2035 License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata Average vote Your vote Usefulness of the dataset Average vote Your vote Ease of access Average vote Your vote Overall rating Average vote Your vote

97

Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay in Heavy Deformed Nuclei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The zero neutrino mode of the double beta decay in heavy deformed nuclei is investigated in the framework of the pseudo SU(3) model, which has provided an accurate description of collective nuclear structure and predicted half-lives for the two neutrino mode in good agreement with experiments. In the case of $^{238}U$ the calculated zero neutrino half-life is at least three orders of magnitude greater than the two neutrino one, giving strong support of the identification of the radiochemically determined half-life as being the two neutrino double beta decay. For $^{150}Nd$ the zero neutrino matrix elements are of the order of magnitude of, but lesser than, those evaluated using the QRPA. This result confirms that different nuclear models produce similar zero neutrino matrix elements, contrary to the two neutrino case. Using these pseudo SU(3) results and the upper limit for the neutrino mass we estimate the $\\beta\\beta_{0\

Jorge G. Hirsch; O. Castaños; P. O. Hess

1994-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

98

Evidence for the decay X(3872) -> J/\\psi\\omega  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a study of the decays B{sup 0,+} --> J/{psi}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}K{sup 0,+}, using 467x10{sup 6} B{anti B} pairs recorded with the BABAR detector. We present evidence for the decay mode X(3872) --> J/{psi}{omega}, with product branching fractions B(B{sup +} --> X(3872)K{sup +}) x B(X(3872) --> J/{psi}{omega}) = [0.6 {+-} 0.2(stat) {+-} 0.1(syst)] x 10{sup -5}, and B(B{sup 0} --> X(3872)K{sup 0}) x B(X(3872) --> J/{psi}{omega}) = [0.6 {+-} 0.3(stat) {+-} 0.1(syst)] x 10{sup -5}. A detailed study of the {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup 0} mass distribution from X(3872) decay favors a negative-parity assignment.

del Amo Sanchez, P.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Martinelli, M.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, D.N.; Hooberman, B.; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G.; Osipenkov, I.L.; Tanabe, T.; /UC, Berkeley /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UC, Riverside /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /Frascati /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /Indian Inst. Tech., Guwahati /Harvard U. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa State U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Paris U., VI-VII /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT /McGill U. /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /INFN, Milan /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U. /Oregon U. /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /INFN, Padua /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /Paris U., VI-VII /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Princeton U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /Rostock U. /Rutherford /DAPNIA, Saclay /SLAC /South Carolina U. /Southern Methodist U. /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SUNY, Albany /Tel Aviv U. /Tennessee U. /Texas U. /Texas U., Dallas /INFN, Turin /Turin U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /Valencia U. /Victoria U. /Warwick U. /Wisconsin U., Madison

2011-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

99

Charmless $B \\to VP$ Decays Using Flavor SU(3) Symmetry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The decays of $B$ mesons to a charmless vector ($V$) and pseudoscalar ($P$) meson are analyzed within a framework of flavor SU(3) in which symmetry breaking is taken into account through ratios of decay constants in tree ($T$) amplitudes. The magnitudes and relative phases of tree and penguin amplitudes are extracted from data; the symmetry assumption is tested; and predictions are made for rates and CP asymmetries in as-yet-unseen decay modes. A key assumption for which we perform some tests and suggest others is a relation between penguin amplitudes in which the spectator quark is incorporated into either a pseudoscalar meson or a vector meson. Values of $\\gamma$ in the upper half of the range currently allowed by fits to other data are favored.

Chiang, C W; Luo, Z; Rosner, J L; Suprun, D A; Chiang, Cheng-Wei; Gronau, Michael; Luo, Zumin; Rosner, Jonathan L.; Suprun, Denis A.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Charmless $B \\to VP$ Decays Using Flavor SU(3) Symmetry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The decays of $B$ mesons to a charmless vector ($V$) and pseudoscalar ($P$) meson are analyzed within a framework of flavor SU(3) in which symmetry breaking is taken into account through ratios of decay constants in tree ($T$) amplitudes. The magnitudes and relative phases of tree and penguin amplitudes are extracted from data; the symmetry assumption is tested; and predictions are made for rates and CP asymmetries in as-yet-unseen decay modes. A key assumption for which we perform some tests and suggest others is a relation between penguin amplitudes in which the spectator quark is incorporated into either a pseudoscalar meson or a vector meson. Values of $\\gamma$ slightly restricting the range currently allowed by fits to other data are favored, but outside this range there remain acceptable solutions which cannot be excluded solely on the basis of present $B \\to VP$ experiments.

Cheng-Wei Chiang; Michael Gronau; Zumin Luo; Jonathan L. Rosner; Denis A. Suprun

2003-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n1875 decay modes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Investigation of dominant spin wave modes by domain walls collision  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spin wave emission due to field-driven domain wall (DW) collision has been investigated numerically and analytically in permalloy nanowires. The spin wave modes generated are diagonally symmetric with respect to the collision point. The non-propagating mode has the highest amplitude along the middle of the width. The frequency of this mode is strongly correlated to the nanowire geometrical dimensions and is independent of the strength of applied field within the range of 0.1?mT to 1?mT. For nanowire with film thickness below 5?nm, a second spin wave harmonic mode is observed. The decay coefficient of the spin wave power suggests that the DWs in a memory device should be at least 300?nm apart for them to be free of interference from the spin waves.

Ramu, M.; Purnama, I.; Goolaup, S.; Chandra Sekhar, M.; Lew, W. S., E-mail: wensiang@ntu.edu.sg [School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, 21 Nanyang Link, Singapore 637371 (Singapore)

2014-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

102

Invisible decays of low mass Higgs bosons in supersymmetric models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The discovery of a 126 GeV Higgs like scalar at the LHC along with the non observation of the supersymmetric particles, has in turn lead to constraining various supersymmetric models through the Higgs data. We here consider the case of both MSSM, as well its extension containing an additional chiral singlet superfield, NMSSM. We concentrate on the case where we identify the second lightest Higgs boson as the 126 GeV state discovered at the CERN LHC and consider the invisible decays of the low mass Higgs bosons in both MSSM and NMSSM. We find that in case of the MSSM with universal boundary conditions at the GUT scale, it is not possible to have light neutralinos leading to the decay channel $H\\rightarrow \\tilde{\\chi}_1^0 \\tilde{\\chi}_1^0$. The invisible decay mode is allowed in case of certain $SO(10)$ and $E_6$ grand unified models with large representations and nonuniversal gaugino masses at the GUT scale. In case of the NMSSM, for the parameter space considered it is possible to have the invisible decay channel with universal gaugino masses at the GUT scale. We furthermore consider the most general case, with $M_1$ and $M_2$ as independent parameters for both MSSM and NMSSM. We isolate the regions in parameter space in both cases, where the second lightest Higgs boson has a mass of 126 GeV and then concentrate on the invisible decay of Higgs to lighter neutralinos. The other non-standard decay mode of the Higgs is also considered in detail. The invisible Higgs branching ratio being constrained by the LHC results, we find that in this case with the second lightest Higgs being the 126 GeV state, more data from the LHC is required to constrain the neutralino parameter space, compared to the case when the lightest Higgs boson is the 126 GeV state.

P. N. Pandita; Monalisa Patra

2014-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

103

Some Comments on the Decays of eta (550)  

DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

Various decay modes of the {eta}(500) are discussed. The relations, through SU{sub 3} and the Gell-Mann, Sharp, Wagner model, between the {eta}-decay modes and the modes {eta} {yields} {pi}{pi}{gamma), {pi}{sup 0} {yields} {gamma}{gamma} are investigated taking into account {eta}-{eta}{sup *} mixing. The present experimental values for the neutral branching ratios plus the shape of the {eta} {yields} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup {minus}}{pi}{sup 0} Dalitz plot are shown to require a 25% {vert_bar}{Delta}{rvec I}{vert_bar} = 3 contribution to the {eta} {yields} 3{pi} amplitude. The connection between a possible charge asymmetry in {eta} {yields} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup {minus}}{pi}{sup 0} and the branching ratio {Gamma}{sub {eta} {yields} {pi}{sup 0}e{sup +}e{sup {minus}}}/{Gamma}{sub {eta}}{sup all} is investigated in the framework of a model proposed earlier by several authors. It is shown that there is no conflict between the existing data and this model. The Dalitz plot distribution of {eta} {yields} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup {minus}}{pi}{sup 0} is discussed under various assumptions about the properties of the interaction responsible for the decay. (auth)

Veltman, M.; Yellin, J.

1966-07-00T23:59:59.000Z

104

CP violations in ?± meson decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the pion decays with intermediate on-shell neutrinos N into two electrons and a muon, ?± ? e±N ? e±e±??. We investigate the branching ratios Br± = [?(?? ? e?e??+?) ± ?(?+ ? e+e+???)]/?(?? ? all) and the CP asymmetry ratio for such decays, in the scenario with two different on-shell neutrinos. If N is Dirac, only the lepton number conserving (LC) decays contribute (LC: ? = ?e or ); if N is Majorana, both LC and lepton number violating (LV) decays contribute (LV: or ? = ??). The results show that the CP asymmetry is in general very small, but increases and becomes ~1 when the masses of the two intermediate neutrinos get closer to each other, i.e., when their mass difference becomes comparable with their decay width, . The observation of CP violation in pion decays would be consistent with the existence of the well-motivated ?MSM model with two almost degenerate heavy neutrinos.

Gorazd Cveti?; C S Kim; Jilberto Zamora-Saá

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Cabibbo-suppressed nonleptonic B and D decays involving tensor mesons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Cabibbo-suppressed nonleptonic decays of B (and D) mesons to final states involving tensor mesons are computed using the nonrelativistic quark model of Isgur, Scora, Grinstein, and Wise with the factorization hypothesis. We find that some of these B decay modes, such as B?(K*,D*)D2*, can have branching ratios as large as 6×10-5, which seems to be at the reach of future B factories.

J. H. Muñoz; A. A. Rojas; G. López Castro

1999-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

106

Search for charmless hadronic decays of B mesons with the SLAC SLD detector  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Based on a sample of approximately 500 000 hadronic Z0 decays accumulated between 1993 and 1998, the SLD experiment has set limits on 24 fully charged two-body and quasi-two-body exclusive charmless hadronic decays of B+, B0, and Bs0 mesons. The precise tracking capabilities of the SLD detector provided for the efficient reduction of combinatoric backgrounds, yielding the most precise available limits for ten of these modes.

Kenji Abe et al. ((The SLD Collaboration))

2000-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

107

CP Violation in B->eta'K0 and Status of SU(3)-related Decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present measurements from Belle and BABAR of the time-dependent CP-violation parameters S and C in B->eta'K0 decays. Both experiments observe mixing-induced CP violation with a significance of more than 5 standard deviations in this b-> s penguin dominated mode. We also compare with theoretical expectations and discuss the latest results for SU(3)-related decays which are useful for obtaining bounds on the expected values of S and C.

J. G. Smith

2007-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

108

Deriving a mode logic using failure modes and effects analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Modes are widely used to structure the behaviour of control systems. However, derivation and verification of a mode logic for complex systems is challenging due to a large number of modes and intricate mode transitions. In this paper, we propose an approach to deriving, formalising and verifying consistency of a mode logic for fault-tolerant control systems. We propose to use failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA) to systematically derive the fault tolerance part of the mode logic. We formalise the mode logic and define mode consistency properties for layered systems with reconfigurable components. We use our formalisation to develop and verify a mode-rich system by refinement in Event-B.

Yuliya Prokhorova; Linas Laibinis; Elena Troubitsyna; Kimmo Varpaaniemi; Timo Latvala

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Storage Ring Operation Modes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Longitudinal bunch profile and Up: APS Storage Ring Parameters Longitudinal bunch profile and Up: APS Storage Ring Parameters Previous: Source Parameter Table Storage Ring Operation Modes Standard Operating Mode, top-up Fill pattern: 102 mA in 24 singlets (single bunches) with a nominal current of 4.25 mA and a spacing of 153 nanoseconds between singlets. Lattice configuration: Low emittance lattice with effective emittance of 3.1 nm-rad and coupling of 1%. Bunch length (rms): 33.5 ps. Refill schedule: Continuous top-up with single injection pulses occurring at a minimum of two minute intervals, or a multiple of two minute intervals. Special Operating Mode - 324 bunches, non top-up Fill pattern: 102 mA in 324 uniformly spaced singlets with a nominal single bunch current of 0.31 mA and a spacing of 11.37 nanoseconds between singlets.

110

Evidence for a Higgs boson in tau decays with the CMS detector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, I describe the search for a Higgs boson through its decay to a pair of tan leptons with the tau-pair subsequently decaying to ail electron, a muon, and neutrinos. The search is performed using data collected from proton-proton collisions by the Compact Muon Solenoid experiment at the Large Hadron Collider, corresponding to 5.0 fb-1 of integrated luminosity recorded at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV and 19.7 fb-1 at 8 TeV. The expected significance for a Standard Model Higgs boson signal with a mass of 125 GeV is at the level of 1.2 standard deviations for the electron muon tau-pair decay mode. A mild excess of events is seen above the SM background expectation in this decay mode, consistent with a SM Higgs boson of mass 125 GeV. In combination with results using other tau-pair decay modes, an excess of events above the background expectation is seen at the level of 3.4 standard deviations. This constitutes the first evidence for a Higgs boson to decay to leptons. This thesis also describes a...

Dutta, Valentina

111

Formation of $??$ atoms in $K_{?4} decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive the decay rate of $\\pi\\mu$ atom formation in $K_{\\mu 4}$ decay. Using the obtained expressions we calculate the decay rate of atom formation and point out that considered decay can give a noticeable contribution as a background to the fundamental decay $K^+\\to \\pi^+\

S. R. Gevorkyan; A. V. Tarasov; O. O. Voskresenskaya

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Mass limits of invisibly decaying Higgs particles from the CERN LEP data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the Majoron models the SU(2) Higgs doublet can decay invisibly into a Majoron pair via its mixing with a singlet. An analysis of the CERN LEP data shows the invisible decay mode to be more visible than the SM decay. For these models, the dominantly doublet Higgs field H is shown to have a mass limit within ±6 GeV of the SM limit irrespective of the model parameters. But the dominantly singlet one S can be arbitrarily light for a sufficiently small mixing angle.

Biswajoy Brahmachari, Anjan S. Joshipura, Saurabh D. Rindani, D. P. Roy, and K. Sridhar

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Search for a Higgs Boson Decaying into Two Photons at LEP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Higgs particle produced in association with a Z boson and decaying into two photons is searched for in the data collected by the L3 experiment at LEP. All possible decay modes of the Z boson are investigated. No signal is observed in 447.5 pb^-1 of data recorded at centre-of-mass energies up to 209 GeV. Limits on the branching fraction of the Higgs boson decay into two photons as a function of the Higgs mass are derived. A lower limit on the mass of a fermiophobic Higgs boson is set at 105.4 GeV at 95% confidence level.

Achard, P; Aguilar-Benítez, M; Alcaraz, J; Alemanni, G; Allaby, James V; Aloisio, A; Alviggi, M G; Anderhub, H; Andreev, V P; Anselmo, F; Arefev, A; Azemoon, T; Aziz, T; Bagnaia, P; Bajo, A; Baksay, G; Baksay, L; Baldew, S V; Banerjee, S; Banerjee, Sw; Barczyk, A; Barillère, R; Bartalini, P; Basile, M; Batalova, N; Battiston, R; Bay, A; Becattini, F; Becker, U; Behner, F; Bellucci, L; Berbeco, R; Berdugo, J; Berges, P; Bertucci, B; Betev, B L; Biasini, M; Biglietti, M; Biland, A; Blaising, J J; Blyth, S C; Bobbink, Gerjan J; Böhm, A; Boldizsar, L; Borgia, B; Bottai, S; Bourilkov, D; Bourquin, Maurice; Braccini, S; Branson, J G; Brochu, F; Burger, J D; Burger, W J; Cai, X D; Capell, M; Cara Romeo, G; Carlino, G; Cartacci, A M; Casaus, J; Cavallari, F; Cavallo, N; Cecchi, C; Cerrada, M; Chamizo-Llatas, M; Chang, Y H; Chemarin, M; Chen, A; Chen, G; Chen, G M; Chen, H F; Chen, H S; Chiefari, G; Cifarelli, Luisa; Cindolo, F; Clare, I; Clare, R; Coignet, G; Colino, N; Costantini, S; de la Cruz, B; Cucciarelli, S; van Dalen, J A; De Asmundis, R; Déglon, P L; Debreczeni, J; Degré, A; Deiters, K; Della Volpe, D; Delmeire, E; Denes, P; De Notaristefani, F; De Salvo, A; Diemoz, M; Dierckxsens, M; Dionisi, C; Dittmar, Michael; Doria, A; Dova, M T; Duchesneau, D; Echenard, B; Eline, A; El-Mamouni, H; Engler, A; Eppling, F J; Ewers, A; Extermann, Pierre; Falagán, M A; Falciano, S; Favara, A; Fay, J; Fedin, O; Felcini, Marta; Ferguson, T; Fesefeldt, H S; Fiandrini, E; Field, J H; Filthaut, Frank; Fisher, P H; Fisher, W; Fisk, I; Forconi, G; Freudenreich, Klaus; Furetta, C; Galaktionov, Yu; Ganguli, S N; García-Abia, P; Gataullin, M; Gentile, S; Giagu, S; Gong, Z F; Grenier, G; Grimm, O; Grünewald, M W; Guida, M; van Gulik, R; Gupta, V K; Gurtu, A; Gutay, L J; Haas, D; Hakobyan, R S; Hatzifotiadou, D; Hebbeker, T; Hervé, A; Hirschfelder, J; Hofer, H; Hohlmann, M; Holzner, G; Hou, S R; Hu, Y; Jin, B N; Jones, L W; de Jong, P; Josa-Mutuberria, I; Käfer, D; Kaur, M; Kienzle-Focacci, M N; Kim, J K; Kirkby, Jasper; Kittel, E W; Klimentov, A; König, A C; Kopal, M; Koutsenko, V F; Kräber, M H; Krämer, R W; Krenz, W; Krüger, A; Kunin, A; Ladrón de Guevara, P; Laktineh, I; Landi, G; Lebeau, M; Lebedev, A; Lebrun, P; Lecomte, P; Lecoq, P; Le Coultre, P; Le Goff, J M; Leiste, R; Levtchenko, M; Levchenko, P M; Li, C; Likhoded, S A; Lin, C H; Lin, W T; Linde, Frank L; Lista, L; Liu, Z A; Lohmann, W; Longo, E; Lü, Y S; Lübelsmeyer, K; Luci, C; Luminari, L; Lustermann, W; Ma Wen Gan; Malgeri, L; Malinin, A; Maña, C; Mangeol, D J J; Mans, J; Martin, J P; Marzano, F; Mazumdar, K; McNeil, R R; Mele, S; Merola, L; Meschini, M; Metzger, W J; Mihul, A; Milcent, H; Mirabelli, G; Mnich, J; Mohanty, G B; Muanza, G S; Muijs, A J M; Musicar, B; Musy, M; Nagy, S; Natale, S; Napolitano, M; Nessi-Tedaldi, F; Newman, H; Niessen, T; Nisati, A; Nowak, H; Ofierzynski, R A; Organtini, G; Palomares, C; Pandoulas, D; Paolucci, P; Paramatti, R; Passaleva, G; Patricelli, S; Paul, T; Pauluzzi, M; Paus, C; Pauss, Felicitas; Pedace, M; Pensotti, S; Perret-Gallix, D; Petersen, B; Piccolo, D; Pierella, F; Pioppi, M; Piroué, P A; Pistolesi, E; Plyaskin, V; Pohl, M; Pozhidaev, V; Pothier, J; Prokofiev, D O; Prokofev, D; Quartieri, J; Rahal-Callot, G; Rahaman, M A; Raics, P; Raja, N; Ramelli, R; Rancoita, P G; Ranieri, R; Raspereza, A V; Razis, P A; Ren, D; Rescigno, M; Reucroft, S; Riemann, S; Riles, K; Roe, B P; Romero, L; Rosca, A; Rosier-Lees, S; Roth, S; Rosenbleck, C; Roux, B; Rubio, Juan Antonio; Ruggiero, G; Rykaczewski, H; Sakharov, A; Saremi, S; Sarkar, S; Salicio, J; Sánchez, E; Sanders, M P; Schäfer, C; Shchegelskii, V; Schmidt-Kärst, S; Schmitz, D; Schopper, Herwig Franz; Schotanus, D J; Schwering, G; Sciacca, C; Servoli, L; Shevchenko, S; Shivarov, N; Shoutko, V; Shumilov, E; Shvorob, A V; Siedenburg, T; Son, D; Spillantini, P; Steuer, M; Stickland, D P; Stoyanov, B; Strässner, A; Sudhakar, K; Sultanov, G G; Sun, L Z; Sushkov, S V; Suter, H; Swain, J D; Szillási, Z; Tang, X W; Tarjan, P; Tauscher, Ludwig; Taylor, L; Tellili, B; Teyssier, D; Timmermans, C; Ting, Samuel C C; Ting, S M; Tonwar, S C; Tóth, J; Tully, C; Tung, K L; Ulbricht, J; Valente, E; Van de Walle, R T; Veszpremi, V; Vesztergombi, G; Vetlitskii, I; Vicinanza, D; Viertel, Gert M; Villa, S; Vivargent, M; Vlachos, S; Vodopyanov, I; Vogel, H; Vogt, H; Vorobev, I; Vorobyov, A A; Wadhwa, M; Wallraff, W; Wang, X L; Wang, Z M; Weber, M; Wienemann, P; Wilkens, H; Wynhoff, S; Xia, L; Xu, Z Z; Yamamoto, J; Yang, B Z; Yang, C G; Yang, H J; Yang, M; Yeh, S C; Zalite, A; Zalite, Yu; Zhang, Z P; Zhao, J; Zhu, G Y; Zhu, R Y; Zhuang, H L; Zichichi, A; Zilizi, G; Zimmermann, B; Zöller, M

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Scaling, Intermittency and Decay of MHD Turbulence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss a few recent developments that are important for understanding of MHD turbulence. First, MHD turbulence is not so messy as it is usually believed. In fact, the notion of strong non-linear coupling of compressible and incompressible motions along MHD cascade is not tenable. Alfven, slow and fast modes of MHD turbulence follow their own cascades and exhibit degrees of anisotropy consistent with theoretical expectations. Second, the fast decay of turbulence is not related to the compressibility of fluid. Rates of decay of compressible and incompressible motions are very similar. Third, viscosity by neutrals does not suppress MHD turbulence in a partially ionized gas. Instead, MHD turbulence develops magnetic cascade at scales below the scale at which neutrals damp ordinary hydrodynamic motions. Forth, density statistics does not exhibit the universality that the velocity and magnetic field do. For instance, at small Mach numbers the density is anisotropic, but it gets isotropic at high Mach numbers. Fifth, the intermittency of magnetic field and velocity are different. Both depend on whether the measurements are done in local system of reference oriented along the local magnetic field or in the global system of reference related to the mean magnetic field.

A. Lazarian; J. Cho

2004-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

115

Decay of Ar41  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A weak gamma ray has been found in the decay of Ar41 to K41. The energy of the gamma ray is 1.664±0.007 MeV; and its intensity, relative to that of the strong 1.293-MeV gamma ray, is (5±2)×10-4. It is concluded from the results of conincidence measurements that this gamma ray is the result of a beta-ray branch from Ar41 leading to an excited state in K41 at 1.664 MeV. The associated logft value is found to be 7.7±0.3. The spin and parity of the 1.664-MeV state in K41 are most probably 52+ or 72+.

William W. Pratt

1965-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

116

Study of B Meson Decays to ppbarh Final States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

B mesons are unique among well-established non-quarkonium mesons in their ability to decay into baryons. Baryonic B decays offer a wide range of interesting areas of study: they can be used to test our theoretical understanding of rare decay processes involving baryons, search for direct CP violation and study low-energy QCD. This thesis presents measurements of branching fractions and a study of the decay dynamics of the charmless three-body decays of B meson into p{bar p}h final states, where h = {pi}{sup +}, K{sup +}, K{sub S}{sup 0}, K*{sup 0} or K*{sup +}. With a sample of 232 million {Upsilon}(4S) {yields} B{bar B} events collected with the BaBar detector, we report the first observation of the B {yields} p{bar p}K*{sup 0} decay, and provide improved measurements of branching fractions of the other modes. The distribution of the three final-state particles is of particular interest since it provides dynamical information on the possible presence of exotic intermediate states such as the hypothetical pentaquark states {Theta}*{sup ++} and {Theta}{sup +}in the m{sub pK{sup +}} and m{sub pK{sub S}{sup 0}} spectra, respectively, or glueball states (such as the tensor glueball f{sub J}(2220)) in the m{sub p{bar p}} spectrum. No evidence for exotic states is found and upper limits on the branching fractions are set. An enhancement at low p{bar p} mass is observed in all the B {yields} p{bar p}h modes, and its shape is compared between the decay modes and with the shape of the time-like proton form factor. A Dalitz plot asymmetry in B {yields} p{bar p}K{sup +} mode suggests dominance of the penguin amplitude in this decay and disfavors the possibility that the low mass p{bar p} enhancement originates from the presence of a resonance below threshold (such as the recently seen baryonium candidate at 1835 MeV/c{sup 2}). We also identify decays of the type B {yields} X{sub c{bar c}}h {yields} p{bar p}h, where h = K{sup +}, K{sub S}{sup 0}, K*{sup 0} or K*{sup +}, and X{sub c{bar c}} = {eta}{sub c} or J/{psi}. In particular, we report on the evidence of the B {yields} {eta}{sub c}K*{sup +} decay and provide a measurement of the width of {eta}{sub c}.

Hryn'ova, Tetiana B.; /SLAC

2006-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

117

Radiative Decay of the Muon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The radiative decay of the muon, ?+?e++?+?e+?¯?, has been measured using muons from the Columbia University Nevis synchrocyclotron. The decay products e+ and ? were observed at relative angles near 180°, using scintillation counters and two 9-in.×10-in. NaI crystals, which enabled simultaneous measurement of the positron and ? energies. The pulses from the crystals were displayed on oscilloscopes and photographed, and the measured amplitudes of these pulses were calibrated using the positron spectrum of the nonradiative decay. The two-dimensional energy spectrum for positrons and ?'s was obtained for about 900 events, after subtraction of background. This spectrum and the measured rate, obtained by normalizing to the nonradiative decay, were compared with theoretical predictions for the radiative decay. The results were in good agreement with the theory, within statistics, for the case of pure V-A coupling.

E. Bogart; E. DiCapua; P. Némethy; A. Strelzoff

1967-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

118

Search for neutrinoless decays of the ? lepton  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have searched for neutrinoless ? decays into three charged particles. Evidence of such decays would demonstrate nonconservation of lepton flavor and, in some cases, lepton number. We see no signal for any such neutrinoless ? decays and set upper...

Baringer, Philip S.

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Can flavor-changing Z decay provide a test for supersymmetry?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a detailed calculation of the contributions from supersymmetric diagrams (involving gluino exchange) to flavor-changing decay modes of the Z boson. We find that for all processes such as Z?tc¯ and Z?t?, the supersymmetric contribution to the branching ratios is small compared to that from the standard model. Any experimental detection of such modes beyond the standard-model prediction will therefore point to the existence of new physics other than supersymmetry.

Biswarup Mukhopadhyaya and Amitava Raychaudhuri

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Collisional damping of the geodesic acoustic mode  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The frequency and damping rate of the geodesic acoustic mode (GAM) is revisited by using a gyrokinetic model with a number-conserving Krook collision operator. It is found that the damping rate of the GAM is non-monotonic as the collision rate increases. At low ion collision rate, the damping rate increases linearly with the collision rate; while as the ion collision rate is higher than v{sub ti}/R, where v{sub ti} and R are the ion thermal velocity and major radius, the damping rate decays with an increasing collision rate. At the same time, as the collision rate increases, the GAM frequency decreases from the (7/4+{tau})v{sub ti}/R to (1+{tau})v{sub ti}/R, where {tau} is the ratio of electron temperature to ion temperature.

Gao Zhe [Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China)

2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

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121

Dual-Mode Hybrid/Two-Mode Hybrid Accomplishment  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Dual-Mode Hybrid/Two-Mode Hybrid Accomplishment Dual-Mode Hybrid/Two-Mode Hybrid Accomplishment DOE-funded research, in collaboration with Allison Buses and General Motors Corporation has led to the commercialization of a dramatically different hybrid transmission system for heavy-duty and light-duty applications. The Dual-Mode or Two-Mode hybrid system is an infinitely variable speed hybrid transmission that works with the engine and battery system and automatically chooses to operate in a parallel or series hybrid path to maximize efficiency and minimize emissions, fuel consumption and noise. Parallel and Series hybrid configurations are found on most hybrid vehicles today, both with their own pluses and minuses. The Dual- Mode/Two-Mode systems uses the positive characteristics from both systems to maximize fuel

122

Vus and neutron beta decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the effect of the recent change of $V_{\\rm us}$ by three standard deviations on the standard model predictions for neutron beta decay observables. We also discuss the effect the experimental error bars of $V_{\\rm us}$ have on such predictions. Refined precision tests of the standard model will be made by a combined effort to improve measurements in neutron beta decay and in strangeness-changing decays. By itself the former will yield very precise measurements of $V_{\\rm ud}$ and make also very precise predictions for $V_{\\rm us}$.

A. Garcia; G. Sanchez-Colon

2010-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

123

Rare exclusive hadronic W decays in a t-tbar environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The large cross section for t-tbar production at the LHC and at any future hadron collider provides a high-statistics and relatively clean environment for a study of W boson properties: after tagging on a leptonic decay of one of the Ws and the two b-jets, an additional W still remains in the event. We study the prospect of making the first exclusive hadronic decay of a fundamental boson of the standard model, using the decay modes W to pi gamma and W to pi pi pi, and other related decays. By using strong isolation criteria, which we impose by searching for jets with a single particle constituent, we show that the three particle hadronic W decays have potential to be measured at the LHC. The possibility of measuring an involved spectrum of decay products could considerably expand our knowledge of how the W decays, and experimental techniques acquired in making these measurements would be useful for application to future measurements of exclusive hadronic Higgs boson decays.

Michelangelo Mangano; Tom Melia

2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

124

Rare exclusive hadronic W decays in a t-tbar environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The large cross section for t-tbar production at the LHC and at any future hadron collider provides a high-statistics and relatively clean environment for a study of W boson properties: after tagging on a leptonic decay of one of the Ws and the two b-jets, an additional W still remains in the event. We study the prospect of making the first exclusive hadronic decay of a fundamental boson of the standard model, using the decay modes W to pi gamma and W to pi pi pi, and other related decays. By using strong isolation criteria, which we impose by searching for jets with a single particle constituent, we show that the three particle hadronic W decays have potential to be measured at the LHC. The possibility of measuring an involved spectrum of decay products could considerably expand our knowledge of how the W decays, and experimental techniques acquired in making these measurements would be useful for application to future measurements of exclusive hadronic Higgs boson decays.

Mangano, Michelangelo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Computer code for double beta decay QRPA based calculations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The Enriched Xenon Observatory for neutrinoless double beta decay (EXO) will search for the rare decays

Bertulani, Carlos A. - Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University

126

Slow modes in Keplerian disks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Low-mass disks orbiting a massive body can support "slow" normal modes, in which the eigenfrequency is much less than the orbital frequency. Slow modes are lopsided, i.e., the azimuthal wavenumber m=1. We investigate the properties of slow modes, using softened self-gravity as a simple model for collective effects in the disk. We employ both the WKB approximation and numerical solutions of the linear eigenvalue equation. We find that all slow modes are stable. Discrete slow modes can be divided into two types, which we label g-modes and p-modes. The g-modes involve long leading and long trailing waves, have properties determined by the self-gravity of the disk, and are only present in narrow rings or in disks where the precession rate is dominated by an external potential. In contrast, the properties of p-modes are determined by the interplay of self-gravity and other collective effects. P-modes involve both long and short waves, and in the WKB approximation appear in degenerate leading/trailing pairs. Disks support a finite number---sometimes zero---of discrete slow modes, and a continuum of singular modes.

Scott Tremaine

2000-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

127

Study of the decay tau(-)->2 pi(-)pi(+)3 pi(0)nu(tau)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(-)pi(+)eta nu(tau), and pi(-)2 pi(0) eta nu(tau). This is the first observation of this omega decay mode and the branching fraction is measured to be (1.89(-0.67)(+0.74) +/- 0.40) x 10(-4)....

Ammar, Raymond G.; Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Besson, David Zeke; Coppage, Don; Darling, C.; Davis, Robin E. P.; Hancock, N.; Kotov, S.; Kravchenko, I.; Kwak, Nowhan

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Search for the Invisible Decay of Neutrons with KamLAND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Kamioka Liquid scintillator Anti-Neutrino Detector (KamLAND) is used in a search for single neutron or two neutron intra-nuclear disappearance that would produce holes in the $\\it{s}$-shell energy level of $^{12}$C nuclei. Such holes could be created as a result of nucleon decay into invisible modes ($inv$), e.g. $n \\to 3\

The KamLAND collaboration

2005-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

129

Observation and study of the baryonic B-meson decays B?D(*)pp? (?)(?)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present results for B-meson decay modes involving a charm meson, protons, and pions using 455×10[superscript 6] BB? pairs recorded by the BaBar detector at the SLAC PEP-II asymmetric-energy e[superscript +]e[superscript ...

Cowan, Ray Franklin

130

CP violation in sbottom decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study CP asymmetries in two-body decays of bottom squarks into charginos and tops. These asymmetries probe the SUSY CP phases of the sbottom and the chargino sector in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model. We identify the MSSM parameter space where the CP asymmetries are sizeable, and analyze the feasibility of their observation at the LHC. As a result, potentially detectable CP asymmetries in sbottom decays are found, which motivates further detailed experimental studies for probing the SUSY CP phases.

Frank F. Deppisch; Olaf Kittel

2010-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

131

Neutrinoless Double Beta-Decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The neutrinoless double $\\beta$-decay of nuclei is reviewed. We discuss neutrino mixing and 3x3 PMNS neutrino mixing matrix. Basic theory of neutrinoless double $\\beta$-decay is presented in some details. Results of different calculations of nuclear matrix element are discussed. Experimental situation is considered. The Appendix is dedicated to E. Majorana (brief biography and his paper in which the theory of Majorana particles is given)

S. M. Bilenky

2010-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

132

Study of High-multiplicity 3-prong and 5-prong Tau Decays at BaBar  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present measurements of the branching fractions of 3-prong and 5-prong {tau} decay modes using a sample of 430 million {tau} lepton pairs, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 468 fb{sup -1}, collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric energy e{sup +}e{sup -} storage rings. The {tau}{sup -} {yields} (3{pi}){sup -} {eta}{nu}{sub {tau}}, {tau}{sup -} {yields} (3{pi}){sup -} {yields} {omega}{nu}{sub {tau}} and {tau}{sup -} {yields} {pi}{sup -} f{sub 1}(1285){nu}{sub {tau}} branching fractions are presented as well as a new limit on the branching fraction of the isospin-forbidden, second-class current {tau}{sup -} {yields} {pi}{sup -} {eta}{prime}(958){nu}{sub {tau}} decay. We find no evidence for charged kaons in these decay modes and place the first upper limits on their branching fractions.

Lees, J.P

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Decay instability of an upper hybrid wave in a magnetized dusty plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The decay instability of an upper hybrid wave into an upper hybrid sideband wave and low frequency ion-cyclotron wave are studied in a magnetized dusty plasma cylinder. The growth rate and ion-cyclotron mode frequencies were evaluated based on existing dusty plasma parameters. It is found that the unstable mode frequency increases linearly with {delta} (ion-to-electron density ratio). In addition, the growth rate of the unstable ion-cyclotron mode decreases sharply for lower values of {delta} in the presence of dust charge fluctuations, i.e., the dust grains increases the damping effect in three wave interaction process.

Gahlot, Ajay [Maharaja Surajmal Institute of Technology, C-4, Janakpuri, New Delhi (India); Walia, Ritu [Department of Physics, Maharaja Agrasen Institute of Technology, PSP Area Plot No.-1, Sector-22, Rohini, Delhi 110 086 (India); Sharma, Jyotsna [Department of Physics, KIIT College of Engineering, Gurgaon 122102 (India); Sharma, Suresh C.; Sharma, Rinku [Department of Applied Physics, Delhi Technological University, Shahbad Daulatpur, Bawana Road, Delhi 110 042 (India)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

134

IMPORTANCE OF NEUTRINOLESS DOUBLE BETA DECAY Abstract  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

number violation in nature and what is its magnitude. The neutrinoless double beta decay experiment can

U. Sarkar; Utpal Sarkar

135

Precision measurement of the $D^{*0}$ decay branching fractions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using 482 pb$^{-1}$ of data taken at $\\sqrt{s}=4.009$ GeV, we measure the branching fractions of the decays of $D^{*0}$ into $D^0\\pi^0$ and $D^0\\gamma$ to be $\\BR(D^{*0} \\to D^0\\pi^0)=(65.5\\pm 0.8\\pm 0.5)%$ and $\\BR(D^{*0} \\to D^0\\gamma)=(34.5\\pm 0.8\\pm 0.5)%$ respectively, by assuming that the $D^{*0}$ decays only into these two modes. The ratio of the two branching fractions is $\\BR(D^{*0} \\to D^0\\pi^0)/\\BR(D^{*0} \\to D^0\\gamma) =1.90\\pm 0.07\\pm 0.05$, which is independent of the assumption made above. The first uncertainties are statistical and the second ones systematic. The precision is improved by a factor of three compared to the present world average values.

M. Ablikim; M. N. Achasov; X. C. Ai; O. Albayrak; M. Albrecht; D. J. Ambrose; A. Amoroso; F. F. An; Q. An; J. Z. Bai; R. Baldini Ferroli; Y. Ban; D. W. Bennett; J. V. Bennett; M. Bertani; D. Bettoni; J. M. Bian; F. Bianchi; E. Boger; O. Bondarenko; I. Boyko; R. A. Briere; H. Cai; X. Cai; O. Cakir; A. Calcaterra; G. F. Cao; S. A. Cetin; J. F. Chang; G. Chelkov; G. Chen; H. S. Chen; H. Y. Chen; J. C. Chen; M. L. Chen; S. J. Chen; X. Chen; X. R. Chen; Y. B. Chen; H. P. Cheng; X. K. Chu; G. Cibinetto; D. Cronin-Hennessy; H. L. Dai; J. P. Dai; A. Dbeyssi; D. Dedovich; Z. Y. Deng; A. Denig; I. Denysenko; M. Destefanis; F. De Mori; Y. Ding; C. Dong; J. Dong; L. Y. Dong; M. Y. Dong; S. X. Du; P. F. Duan; J. Z. Fan; J. Fang; S. S. Fang; X. Fang; Y. Fang; L. Fava; F. Feldbauer; G. Felici; C. Q. Feng; E. Fioravanti; M. Fritsch; C. D. Fu; Q. Gao; Y. Gao; I. Garzia; K. Goetzen; W. X. Gong; W. Gradl; M. Greco; M. H. Gu; Y. T. Gu; Y. H. Guan; A. Q. Guo; L. B. Guo; T. Guo; Y. Guo; Y. P. Guo; Z. Haddadi; A. Hafner; S. Han; Y. L. Han; F. A. Harris; K. L. He; Z. Y. He; T. Held; Y. K. Heng; Z. L. Hou; C. Hu; H. M. Hu; J. F. Hu; T. Hu; Y. Hu; G. M. Huang; G. S. Huang; H. P. Huang; J. S. Huang; X. T. Huang; Y. Huang; T. Hussain; Q. Ji; Q. P. Ji; X. B. Ji; X. L. Ji; L. L. Jiang; L. W. Jiang; X. S. Jiang; J. B. Jiao; Z. Jiao; D. P. Jin; S. Jin; T. Johansson; A. Julin; N. Kalantar-Nayestanaki; X. L. Kang; X. S. Kang; M. Kavatsyuk; B. C. Ke; R. Kliemt; B. Kloss; O. B. Kolcu; B. Kopf; M. Kornicer; W. Kuehn; A. Kupsc; W. Lai; J. S. Lange; M. Lara; P. Larin; C. H. Li; Cheng Li; D. M. Li; F. Li; G. Li; H. B. Li; J. C. Li; Jin Li; K. Li; K. Li; P. R. Li; T. Li; W. D. Li; W. G. Li; X. L. Li; X. M. Li; X. N. Li; X. Q. Li; Z. B. Li; H. Liang; Y. F. Liang; Y. T. Liang; G. R. Liao; D. X. Lin; B. J. Liu; C. L. Liu; C. X. Liu; F. H. Liu; Fang Liu; Feng Liu; H. B. Liu; H. H. Liu; H. H. Liu; H. M. Liu; J. Liu; J. P. Liu; J. Y. Liu; K. Liu; K. Y. Liu; L. D. Liu; P. L. Liu; Q. Liu; S. B. Liu; X. Liu; X. X. Liu; Y. B. Liu; Z. A. Liu; Zhiqiang Liu; Zhiqing Liu; H. Loehner; X. C. Lou; H. J. Lu; J. G. Lu; R. Q. Lu; Y. Lu; Y. P. Lu; C. L. Luo; M. X. Luo; T. Luo; X. L. Luo; M. Lv; X. R. Lyu; F. C. Ma; H. L. Ma; L. L. Ma; Q. M. Ma; S. Ma; T. Ma; X. N. Ma; X. Y. Ma; F. E. Maas; M. Maggiora; Q. A. Malik; Y. J. Mao; Z. P. Mao; S. Marcello; J. G. Messchendorp; J. Min; T. J. Min; R. E. Mitchell; X. H. Mo; Y. J. Mo; C. Morales Morales; K. Moriya; N. Yu. Muchnoi; H. Muramatsu; Y. Nefedov; F. Nerling; I. B. Nikolaev; Z. Ning; S. Nisar; S. L. Niu; X. Y. Niu; S. L. Olsen; Q. Ouyang; S. Pacetti; P. Patteri; M. Pelizaeus; H. P. Peng; K. Peters; J. L. Ping; R. G. Ping; R. Poling; Y. N. Pu; M. Qi; S. Qian; C. F. Qiao; L. Q. Qin; N. Qin; X. S. Qin; Y. Qin; Z. H. Qin; J. F. Qiu; K. H. Rashid; C. F. Redmer; H. L. Ren; M. Ripka; G. Rong; X. D. Ruan; V. Santoro; A. Sarantsev; M. Savrié; K. Schoenning; S. Schumann; W. Shan; M. Shao; C. P. Shen; P. X. Shen; X. Y. Shen; H. Y. Sheng; M. R. Shepherd; W. M. Song; X. Y. Song; S. Sosio; S. Spataro; B. Spruck; G. X. Sun; J. F. Sun; S. S. Sun; Y. J. Sun; Y. Z. Sun; Z. J. Sun; Z. T. Sun; C. J. Tang; X. Tang; I. Tapan; E. H. Thorndike; M. Tiemens; D. Toth; M. Ullrich; I. Uman; G. S. Varner; B. Wang; B. L. Wang; D. Wang; D. Y. Wang; K. Wang; L. L. Wang; L. S. Wang; M. Wang; P. Wang; P. L. Wang; Q. J. Wang; S. G. Wang; W. Wang; X. F. Wang; Y. D. Wang; Y. F. Wang; Y. Q. Wang; Z. Wang; Z. G. Wang; Z. H. Wang; Z. Y. Wang; T. Weber; D. H. Wei; J. B. Wei; P. Weidenkaff; S. P. Wen; U. Wiedner; M. Wolke; L. H. Wu; Z. Wu; L. G. Xia; Y. Xia; D. Xiao; Z. J. Xiao; Y. G. Xie; G. F. Xu; L. Xu; Q. J. Xu; Q. N. Xu; X. P. Xu; L. Yan; W. B. Yan; W. C. Yan; Y. H. Yan; H. X. Yang; L. Yang; Y. Yang; Y. X. Yang; H. Ye; M. Ye; M. H. Ye; J. H. Yin; B. X. Yu; C. X. Yu; H. W. Yu; J. S. Yu; C. Z. Yuan; W. L. Yuan; Y. Yuan; A. Yuncu; A. A. Zafar; A. Zallo; Y. Zeng; B. X. Zhang; B. Y. Zhang; C. Zhang; C. C. Zhang; D. H. Zhang; H. H. Zhang; H. Y. Zhang; J. J. Zhang; J. L. Zhang; J. Q. Zhang; J. W. Zhang; J. Y. Zhang; J. Z. Zhang; K. Zhang; L. Zhang; S. H. Zhang; X. Y. Zhang; Y. Zhang; Y. H. Zhang; Z. H. Zhang; Z. P. Zhang; Z. Y. Zhang; G. Zhao; J. W. Zhao; J. Y. Zhao; J. Z. Zhao; Lei Zhao; Ling Zhao; M. G. Zhao; Q. Zhao; Q. W. Zhao; S. J. Zhao; T. C. Zhao; Y. B. Zhao; Z. G. Zhao; A. Zhemchugov; B. Zheng; J. P. Zheng; W. J. Zheng; Y. H. Zheng; B. Zhong; L. Zhou; Li Zhou; X. Zhou; X. K. Zhou; X. R. Zhou; X. Y. Zhou; K. Zhu; K. J. Zhu; S. Zhu; X. L. Zhu; Y. C. Zhu; Y. S. Zhu; Z. A. Zhu; J. Zhuang; B. S. Zou; J. H. Zou; for BESIII Collaboration

2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

136

Application of a cubic barrier in exotic decay studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In exotic decay studies, the branching ratios for spontaneous emissions of fragments heavier than alpha particle have been found to be very sensitive to the shape of the potential barrier. In order to fix the top of barrier correctly, finite range effects are included in our calculations. Experimental Q values for different decay modes are chosen so as to incorporate the shell effects. The shape of the barrier in the overlapping region is approximated by a third-order polynomial suggested by Nix. The cubic barrier is found to be more suitable near the penetrating region. This model is applied to calculate the branching ratios for the spontaneous emission of heavier fragments. The results obtained compare well with those of other theoretical models and experimental values.

Shanmugam, G.; Kamalaharan, B.

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Nuclear moments for the neutrinoless double beta decay II  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The recently developed formalism for the evaluation of nuclear form factors in neutrinoless double beta decay is applied to $^{48}Ca$, $^{76}Ge$, $^{82}Se$, $^{100}Mo$, $^{128}Te$ and $^{130}Te$ nuclei. Explicit analytical expressions that follows from this theoretical development, in the single mode model for the decay of $^{48}Ca$, have been worked out. They are useful both for testing the full numerical calculations, and for analytically checking the consistency with other formalisms. Large configuration space calculations are compared with previous studies, where alternative formulations were used. Yet, besides using the G-matrix as residual interaction, we here use a simple $\\delta$-force. Attention is paid to the connected effects of the short range nuclear correlations and the finite nucleon size. Constraints on lepton number violating terms in the weak Hamiltonian (effective neutrino Majorana mass and effective right-handed current coupling strengths) are deduced.

C. Barbero; F. Krmpoti?; A. Mariano; D. Tadi?

1999-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

138

Experimental charmonium decay results from BES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Based on 14 million psi(2S) and 58 million J/psi events collected by the BESII detector, the leptonic decay of psi(2S) into $\\tau^+\\tau^-$, psi(2S) multi-body decays, chi_cJ decays, and J/psi hadronic decays are studied, and the branching fractions of these decays are reported. These results may shed light on the understanding of QCD.

Ping Rong-Gang; F. A. Harris; for BES collaboration

2007-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

139

Spontaneous emission into a planar optical waveguide mode by an atom outside the waveguide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An electronically excited atom or molecule located outside but near a planar optical waveguide can decay by spontaneous emission of a photon into a guided mode of the waveguide. We outline a QED theory for calculating the probability for this process and describe general physical insights from that theory. A couple of representative examples are discussed in detail.

Andrei Modoran; Gregory Lafyatis

2006-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

140

Determination of the Higgs CP-mixing angle in the tau decay channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The measurement of possible Higgs sector CP-violation in the tau decay channels at the LHC is investigated. A CP-violating effect would manifest itself in these decay modes in characteristic spin-spin correlations of the tau lepton pairs which can be accessed using the momenta and impact parameters of the charged tau decay particles. We examine a CP-sensitive observable for a 125 GeV Higgs boson resonance in the gluon fusion channel at the LHC. Furthermore, we consider the distribution of this observable for the irreducible Drell-Yan background. By splitting these events into two categories we obtain two different distributions which can be used for calibration purposes. Finally, we estimate the achievable precision of the scalar-pseudo-scalar mixing angle of the tau decay channel for Run II and the high luminosity run of the LHC.

Berge, Stefan; Kirchner, Sebastian

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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141

Lepton Universality, |V(Us)| and Search for Second Class Current in Tau Decays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Several hundred million {tau} decays have been studied with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II e{sup +}e{sup -} collider at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. Recent results on Charged Current Lepton Universality and two independent measurements of |V{sub us}| using {tau}{sup -} {yields} e{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub e}{nu}{sub {tau}}, {mu}{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub {mu}}{nu}{sub {tau}}, {pi}{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}}, K{sup -} {nu}{sub {tau}} and K{sub S}{sup 0}{pi}{sup -} {nu}{sub {tau}} decays, and a search for Second Class Current in {tau}{sup -} {yields} {pi}{sup -} {omega}{nu}{sub {tau}} decays are presented, where the charge conjugate decay modes are also implied.

Banerjee, Swagato; /Victoria U.

2011-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

142

A method to measure the absolute branching fractions of $?_c$ decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is proposed to exploit the decay of the meson ${B}^+ \\rightarrow p \\pi^+ \\pi^+ \\bar{\\Sigma}_c^{--}$ and of its charge conjugate $B^-$ copiously produced at LHC to obtain a sample of $\\Lambda_c$ baryons through the strong decay $\\Sigma_c \\rightarrow \\Lambda_c \\pi$. The sample thus obtained is not affected by biases typically introduced by selections that depend on specific decay modes. Therefore it allows a measurement of the absolute branching fraction for the decay of the $\\Lambda_c$ baryon into $ p K \\pi$ or into other observable final states to be performed in a model independent manner. The accuracy that can be achieved with this method is discussed and it is shown that it would be either competitive with or an improvement over current measurements.

Andrea Contu; Dorothea Fonnesu; Rudolf Gerhard Christiaan Oldeman; Biagio Saitta; Claudia Vacca

2014-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

143

Extraction of {gamma} from charmless hadronic B {yields} PP decays using SU(3) flavor symmetry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The decays of B mesons to a pair of charmless pseudoscalar mesons (PP decays) have been analyzed within the framework of flavor SU(3) symmetry and quark-diagrammatic topological approach. Flavor symmetry breaking is taken into account in tree (T) amplitudes through ratios of decay constants fK and f{pi}; exact SU(3) is assumed elsewhere. Acceptable fits to B {yields} PP branching ratios and CP asymmetries are obtained with tree, color-suppressed and QCD penguin amplitudes. Singlet penguin amplitude was introduced to describe decay amplitudes of the modes with {eta} and {eta}' mesons in the final state. Electroweak penguin amplitudes were expressed in terms of the corresponding tree-level diagrams. Values of the weak phase {gamma} were found to be consistent with the current indirect bounds from other analyses of CKM parameters.

Suprun, Denis A. [High Energy Theory Group, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973 (United States)

2006-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

144

Observation of the decay Xi0 ---> Sigma+ mu- anti-nu(mu)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The {Xi}{sup 0} muon semi-leptonic decay has been observed for the first time with nine identified events using the KTeV beam line and detector at Fermilab. The decay is normalized to the {Xi}{sup 0} beta decay mode and yields a value for the ratio of decay rates {Lambda}({Xi}{sup 0} {yields} {Sigma}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub {mu}})/{Lambda}({Xi}{sup 0} {yields} {Sigma}{sup +}e{sup -} {bar {nu}}{sub e}) of (1.8{sub -0.5}{sup +0.7}(stat.) {+-} 0.2(syst.)) x 10{sup -2} at the 68% confidence level. This is in agreement with the SU(3) flavor symmetric quark model.

Alavi-Harati, A.; Alexopoulos, T.; Arenton, M.; Barbosa, R.F.; Barker, A.R.; Barrio, M.; Bellantoni, L.; Bellavance, A.; Blucher, E.; Bock, G.J.; Bown, C.; Bright, S.; Cheu, E.; Coleman, R.; Corcoran, M.D.; Cox, B.; Erwin, A.R.; Escobar, C.O.; Ford, R.; Glazov, A.; Golossanov, A.; /Arizona U. /UCLA /UC, San Diego /Campinas State U. /Chicago U.,

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Phonon-roton modes of liquid 4He beyond the roton in the porous medium MCM-41  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present neutron scattering measurements of the phonon-roton (P-R) mode of superfluid 4He confined in 47 Å MCM-41 at T=0.5 K at wave vectors, Q, beyond the roton wave vector (QR=1.92 Å?1). Measurements beyond the roton require access to high wave vectors (up to Q=4 Å?1) with excellent energy resolution and high statistical precision. Only one previous measurement in porous media (in aerogel) with low statistical precision has been reported. At T=0.5 K, we find that the P-R mode in MCM-41 extends out to wave vector Q?3.6 Å?1, with the same energy and zero width (within precision) as observed in bulk superfluid 4He. Layer modes in the roton region are also observed. Specifically, the P-R mode energy, ?Q, increases with Q for Q>QR and reaches a plateau at a maximum energy ?Q=2? where ? is the roton energy, ?=0.74 ± 0.01 meV in MCM-41. This upper limit means the P-R mode decays to two rotons if its energy exceeds 2?. It also means that the P-R mode does not decay to two-layers modes. If the P-R could decay to two-layer modes, ?Q would plateau at a lower energy, ?Q=2?L, where ?L=0.60 meV is the energy of the roton-like minimum of the layer mode. Rather the P-R mode and the layer modes observed in porous media appear to be quite different modes with little interaction between them.

R. T. Azuah; S. O. Diallo; M. A. Adams; O. Kirichek; H. R. Glyde

2013-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

146

Alpha decay of Fr215  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ?-decay property of Fr215 has been studied by the pulsed-beam method, in which Fr215 was produced in the Bi209(C12,?2n) reaction and its ? decay was measured between natural beam bursts of the cyclotron. The ground state of Fr215 was found to decay with E?=9.355±0.010 MeV and t12=0.12±0.02 ?sec. The reduced ? width of Fr215 is shown to fit the systematical trend of N=128 isotones very well and to agree with the simple shell-model calculation. Distributions of recoil angles for reaction products in the (C12,?xn) reaction were found to be quite different from those for (C12,xn) products, giving a convenient method of distinguishing these reaction products.[NUCLEAR REACTIONS Bi209(C12,xn), Bi209(C12,?xn), E=73-80 MeV; measured ? decay and W(?) of reaction products, E?, t12; deduced ?-decay width of Fr215.

T. Nomura; K. Hiruta; M. Yoshie; O. Hashimoto

1974-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Charmless Hadronic B Decays into Vector, Axial Vector and Tensor Final States at BaBar  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present experimental measurements of branching fraction and longitudinal polarization fraction in charmless hadronic B decays into vector, axial vector and tensor final states with the final dataset of BABAR. Measurements of such kind of decays are a powerful tool both to test the Standard Model and search possible sources of new physics. In this document we present a short review of the last experimental results at BABAR concerning charmless quasi two-body decays in final states containing particles with spin 1 or spin 2 and different parities. This kind of decays has received considerable theoretical interest in the last few years and this particular attention has led to interesting experimental results at the current b-factories. In fact, the study of longitudinal polarization fraction f{sub L} in charmless B decays to vector vector (VV), vector axial-vector (VA) and axial-vector axial-vector (AA) mesons provides information on the underlying helicity structure of the decay mechanism. Naive helicity conservation arguments predict a dominant longitudinal polarization fraction f{sub L} {approx} 1 for both tree and penguin dominated decays and this pattern seems to be confirmed by tree-dominated B {yields} {rho}{rho} and B{sup +} {yields} {Omega}{rho}{sup +} decays. Other penguin dominated decays, instead, show a different behavior: the measured value of f{sub L} {approx} 0.5 in B {yields} {phi}K* decays is in contrast with naive Standard Model (SM) calculations. Several solutions have been proposed such as the introduction of non-factorizable terms and penguin-annihilation amplitudes, while other explanations invoke new physics. New modes have been investigated to shed more light on the problem.

Gandini, Paolo; /Milan U. /INFN, Milan

2012-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

148

Thermodynamics of decaying vacuum cosmologies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The thermodynamic behavior of decaying vacuum cosmologies is investigated within a manifestly covariant formulation. Such a process corresponds to a continuous, irreversible energy flow from the vacuum component to the created matter constituents. It is shown that if the specific entropy per particle remains constant during the process, the equilibrium relations are preserved. In particular, if the vacuum decays into photons, the energy density ? and average number density of photons n scale with the temperature as ??T4 and n?T3. The temperature law is determined and a generalized Planckian-type form of the spectrum, which is preserved in the course of the evolution, is also proposed. Some consequences of these results for decaying vacuum FRW-type cosmologies as well as for models with "adiabatic" photon creation are discussed.

J. A. S. Lima

1996-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

149

Flexure modes in carbon nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Phonons are calculated for single wall carbon nanotubes. Eigenvalues and eigenvectors are presented for armchair and zig-zag tubes. The model contains just three adjustable spring constants: two for first and second nearest neighbor directed bonds, and a third for radial bond-bending interactions. There are four low frequency modes at long wavelength: a longitudinal acoustical, a torsional mode, and two flexure modes.

G. D. Mahan and Gun Sang Jeon

2004-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

150

Excitation of kinetic geodesic acoustic modes by drift waves in nonuniform plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Effects of system nonuniformities and kinetic dispersiveness on the spontaneous excitation of Geodesic Acoustic Mode (GAM) by Drift Wave (DW) turbulence are investigated based on nonlinear gyrokinetic theory. The coupled nonlinear equations describing parametric decay of DW into GAM and DW lower sideband are derived and then solved both analytically and numerically to investigate the effects on the parametric decay process due to system nonuniformities, such as nonuniform diamagnetic frequency, finite radial envelope of DW pump, and kinetic dispersiveness. It is found that the parametric decay process is a convective instability for typical tokamak parameters when finite group velocities of DW and GAM associated with kinetic dispersiveness and finite radial envelope are taken into account. When, however, nonuniformity of diamagnetic frequency is taken into account, the parametric decay process becomes, time asymptotically, a quasi-exponentially growing absolute instability.

Qiu, Z. [Inst. Fusion Theory and Simulation, Zhejiang Univ., Hangzhou 310027 (China)] [Inst. Fusion Theory and Simulation, Zhejiang Univ., Hangzhou 310027 (China); Chen, L. [Inst. Fusion Theory and Simulation, Zhejiang Univ., Hangzhou 310027 (China) [Inst. Fusion Theory and Simulation, Zhejiang Univ., Hangzhou 310027 (China); Dept. Physics and Astronomy, Univ. of California, Irvine, California 92697-4575 (United States); Zonca, F. [Inst. Fusion Theory and Simulation, Zhejiang Univ., Hangzhou 310027 (China) [Inst. Fusion Theory and Simulation, Zhejiang Univ., Hangzhou 310027 (China); Associazione Euratom-ENEA sulla Fusione, C.P. 65 - I-00044 - Frascati (Italy)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

151

Current Algebras and Meson Decays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

By using quark-algebra equal-time commutation relations and a smooth pole-dominated form for the vector-vector-axial-vector vertex in the high-energy limit, one can describe the radiative decays of the vector mesons and the ??3? decay in excellent agreement with experimental data. It is shown, however, that if we exploit all equations this procedure gives, we get into contradictions. By introducing a non-smooth amplitude, the contradictions can be eliminated in such a way that the good predictions of the smooth case remain unaltered. The various aspects of the results are discussed.

Tibor Nagy

1970-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Mode Order Converter Using Tapered Multi-mode Interference Couplers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and modes of guided light is essential for flexibility in photonic integrated circuit (PIC) design.3120) Integrated optics devices; (130.2790) Guided waves 1. Introduction Accommodating various sizes, shapes indices. One can define Am0 as the transmission of the fundamental mode in the output guide when exciting

Texas at Austin, University of

153

Interference Effects in Leptonic Decays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is proven that in any leptonic decay experiment in which the lepton masses and charges may be neglected, and in which no pseudoscalar correlations are measured, all V·A interference terms will be antisymmetric under exchange of the two leptons, while the pure V and A terms will be symmetric. If the experiment measures a pseudoscalar correlation, these conclusions are reversed. Even if the lepton masses cannot be ignored (e.g., for ?0??-+?¯+p, or low-energy ? decay) it is still true that no V·A interference may appear when scalars are measured, and only V·A interference may contribute when pseudoscalars are measured, providing that the lepton spins and momenta are not directly observed. Thus experiments can be devised that involve no interference effects, or only interference effects. This theorem holds independently of the strangeness change, spin change, energy transfer, or of any particular assumptions about the form of the V and A currents. It proves most useful when it is difficult or tedious to calculate transition rates directly. Applications are discussed, including possible tests of the Feynman-Gell-Mann theory in nonunique forbidden ? decay, of the nature of the leptonic ?0 and K0 decay interaction, and of the charge symmetry properties of weak interactions.

Steven Weinberg

1959-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

154

?-Meson Decay into Three Electrons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The decay ?-?e-+e-+e+ via internal conversion is computed using a phenomenological matrix element for the ?e? interaction. The result is compared with present experimental limits for this process and the results concerning the form factors in the matrix element are discussed. The energy distribution of the emitted electrons is also computed.

M. Bander and G. Feinberg

1960-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

155

Beta decay of Ga-62  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report a study of the beta decay of Ga-62, whose dominant branch is a superallowed 0(+)-->0(+) transition to the ground state of Zn-62. We find the total half-life to be 115.84+/-0.25 ms. This is the first time that the Ga-62 half-life has been...

Hyman, BC; Iacob, VE; Azhari, A.; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Hardy, John C.; Mayes, VE; Neilson, RG; Sanchez-Vega, M.; Tang, X.; Trache, L.; Tribble, Robert E.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Bragg scattering measurement of atmospheric plasma decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The decay processes of the plasma layers generated by two intersecting microwave pulses in 1 torr dry air are investigated by Bragg scattering method. The results of measurement show that the electrons decay i...

Y. S. Zhang; S. P. Kuo

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Causes and Control of Wood Decay,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Causes and Control of Wood Decay, Degradation & Stain #12;2 Contents Moisture .................................................................................3 Wood Degradation: Causes and Control..............................4 Weathering......................................................................................................4 Naturally Decay-resistant Species...........................................................5 Wood

158

Measurement of the Forward-Backward Asymmetry in the $B \\to K^{(*)} \\mu^+ \\mu^-$ Decay and First Observation of the $B^0_s \\to \\phi \\mu^+ \\mu^-$ Decay  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We reconstruct the rare decays B{sup +} {yields} K{sup +} {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}, B{sup 0} {yields} K*(892){sup 0} {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}, and B{sub s}{sup 0} {yields} {phi}(1020){mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -} in a data sample corresponding to 4.4 fb{sup -1} collected in p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV by the CDF II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. Using 120 {+-} 16 B{sup +} {yields} K{sup +} {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -} and 101 {+-} 12 B{sup 0} {yields} K*{sup 0} {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -} decays we report the branching ratios. In addition, we report the measurement of the differential branching ratio and the muon forward-backward asymmetry in the B{sup +} and B{sup 0} decay modes, and the K*{sup 0} longitudinal polarization in the B{sup 0} decay mode with respect to the squared dimuon mass. These are consistent with the theoretical prediction from the standard model, and most recent determinations from other experiments and of comparable accuracy. We also report the first observation of the B{sub s}{sup 0} {yields} {phi}{mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -} decay and measure its branching ratio {Beta}(B{sub s}{sup 0} {yields} {phi}{mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}) = [1.44 {+-} 0.33 {+-} 0.46] x 10{sup -6} using 27 {+-} 6 signal events. This is currently the most rare B{sub s}{sup 0} decay observed.

Aaltonen, T.; /Helsinki Inst. of Phys.; Alvarez Gonzalez, B.; /Oviedo U. /Cantabria Inst. of Phys.; Amerio, S.; /INFN, Padua; Amidei, D.; /Michigan U.; Anastassov, A.; /Northwestern U.; Annovi, A.; /Frascati; Antos, J.; /Comenius U.; Apollinari, G.; /Fermilab; Appel, J.A.; /Fermilab; Apresyan, A.; /Purdue U.; Arisawa, T.; /Waseda U. /Dubna, JINR

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Nonlocal theory of electromagnetic wave decay into two electromagnetic waves in a rippled density plasma channel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Parametric decay of a large amplitude electromagnetic wave into two electromagnetic modes in a rippled density plasma channel is investigated. The channel is taken to possess step density profile besides a density ripple of axial wave vector. The density ripple accounts for the momentum mismatch between the interacting waves and facilitates nonlinear coupling. For a given pump wave frequency, the requisite ripple wave number varies only a little w.r.t. the frequency of the low frequency decay wave. The radial localization of electromagnetic wave reduces the growth rate of the parametric instability. The growth rate decreases with the frequency of low frequency electromagnetic wave.

Sati, Priti; Tripathi, V. K. [Indian Institute of Technology, Hauz Khas, Delhi 110054 (India)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

160

Search for neutrinoless decays tau -> lhh and tau -> lV0  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have searched for neutrinoless tau lepton decays into l h h or l V0, where l stands for an electron or muon, h for a charged light hadron, pi or K, and V0 for a neutral vector meson, rho, K*(892) and phi, using a 158 /fb data sample collected with the Belle detector at the KEKB e+e- collider. Since the number of events observed are consistent with the expected background, we set upper limits on the branching fractions in the range of 1.6-8.0 x 10-7 for various decay modes at the 90% confidence level.

Y. Yusa; for the Belle Collaboration

2006-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n1875 decay modes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Search for Lepton-Flavor and Lepton-Number Violation in the Decay tau to lhh'  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A search for lepton-flavor and lepton-number violation in the decay of the tau lepton into one charged lepton and two charged hadrons is performed using 221.4 fb{sup -1} of data collected at an e{sup +}e{sup -} center-of-mass energy of 10.58 GeV with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II storage ring. In all 14 decay modes considered, the observed data are compatible with background expectations, and upper limits are set in the range {Beta}({tau} {yields} {ell}hh') < (0.7-4.8) x 10{sup -7} at 90% confidence level.

Aubert, B.; Barate, R.; Boutigny, D.; Couderc, F.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Tisserand, V.; Zghiche, A.; /Annecy, LAPP; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona, IFAE; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; Pompili, A.; /Bari U. /INFN, Bari; Chen, J.C.; Qi, N.D.; Rong, G.; Wang, P.; Zhu, Y.S.; /Beijing, Inst. High Energy Phys.; Eigen, G.; Ofte, I.; Stugu, B. /Bergen U. /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /Bristol U. /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UCLA /UC, Riverside /UC, San

2005-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

162

NEUTRINOLESS DOUBLE BETA DECAY AND ITS “INVERSE”  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

subsequently published arguments, non-observation of neutrinoless double beta decay has, to date, no bearing on

Clemens A. Heusch; Peter Minkowski

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay and CP Violation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

neutrinoless double beta decay in the case of two neutrino generations (or when the third generation leptons do

Patrick J. O’donnell; Utpal Sarkar

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Decays of near BPS heterotic strings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The decay of highly excited massive string states in compactified heterotic string theories is discussed. We calculate the decay rate and spectrum of states carrying momentum and winding in the compactified direction. The longest lived states in the spectrum are near Bogomol’nyi-Prasad-Sommerfield (BPS) states whose decay is dominated by a single decay channel of massless radiation which brings the state closer to being BPS.

Michael Gutperle and Darya Krym

2006-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

165

Charmless $B \\to PP$ decays using flavor SU(3) symmetry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The decays of $B$ mesons to a pair of charmless pseudoscalar ($P$) mesons are analyzed within a framework of flavor SU(3). Symmetry breaking is taken into account in tree ($T$) amplitudes through ratios of decay constants; exact SU(3) is assumed elsewhere. Acceptable fits to $B \\to \\pi \\pi$ and $B \\to K \\pi$ branching ratios and CP asymmetries are obtained with tree, color-suppressed ($C$), penguin ($P$), and electroweak penguin ($P_{EW}$) amplitudes. Crucial additional terms for describing processes involving $\\eta$ and $\\eta'$ include a large flavor-singlet penguin amplitude ($S$) as proposed earlier and a penguin amplitude $P_{tu}$ associated with intermediate $t$ and $u$ quarks. For the $B^+ \\to \\pi^+ \\eta'$ mode a term $S_{tu}$ associated with intermediate $t$ and $u$ quarks also may be needed. Values of the weak phase $\\gamma$ are obtained consistent with an earlier analysis of $B \\to VP$ decays, where $V$ denotes a vector meson, and with other analyses of CKM parameters.

Cheng-Wei Chiang; Michael Gronau; Jonathan L. Rosner; Denis A. Suprun

2004-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

166

Charmless $B \\to PP$ decays using flavor SU(3) symmetry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The decays of $B$ mesons to a pair of charmless pseudoscalar ($P$) mesons are analyzed within a framework of flavor SU(3). Symmetry breaking is taken into account in tree ($T$) amplitudes through ratios of decay constants; exact SU(3) is assumed elsewhere. Acceptable fits to $B \\to \\pi \\pi$ and $B \\to K \\pi$ branching ratios and CP asymmetries are obtained with tree, color-suppressed ($C$), penguin ($P$), and electroweak penguin ($P_{EW}$) amplitudes. Crucial additional terms for describing processes involving $\\eta$ and $\\eta'$ include a large flavor-singlet penguin amplitude ($S$) as proposed earlier and a penguin amplitude $P_{tu}$ associated with intermediate $t$ and $u$ quarks. For the $B^+ \\to \\pi^+ \\eta'$ mode a term $S_{tu}$ associated with intermediate $t$ and $u$ quarks also may be needed. Values of the weak phase $\\gamma$ are obtained consistent with an earlier analysis of $B \\to VP$ decays, where $V$ denotes a vector meson, and with other analyses of CKM parameters.

Chiang, Cheng-Wei; Rosner, Jonathan L; Suprun, Denis A; Chiang, Cheng-Wei; Gronau, Michael; Rosner, Jonathan L.; Suprun, Denis A.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Imperfect World of $??$-decay Nuclear Data Sets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The precision of double-beta ($\\beta\\beta$) decay experimental half lives and their uncertainties is reanalyzed. The method of Benford's distributions has been applied to nuclear reaction, structure and decay data sets. First-digit distribution trend for $\\beta\\beta$-decay T$_{1/2}^{2\

B. Pritychenko

2015-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

168

Double beta decay: experiments and theory review  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neutrinoless double beta decay is one of the most powerful tools to set the neutrino mass absolute scale and establish whether the neutrino is a Majorana particle. After a summary of the neutrinoless double beta decay phenomenology, the present status of the experimental search for this rare decay is reported and the prospects for next generation experiments are reviewed.

A. Nucciotti

2007-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

169

A First Look at Tree Decay An Introduction to How Injury and Decay Affect Trees  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A First Look at Tree Decay An Introduction to How Injury and Decay Affect Trees by Kevin T. Smith Look at Tree Decay Photosynthesis and decay are the two most essential processes in nature. Photosynthesis by green plants captures and stores energy from the sun. This energy is used to form wood

170

Mode synthesizing atomic force microscopy and mode-synthesizing sensing  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of analyzing a sample that includes applying a first set of energies at a first set of frequencies to a sample and applying, simultaneously with the applying the first set of energies, a second set of energies at a second set of frequencies, wherein the first set of energies and the second set of energies form a multi-mode coupling. The method further includes detecting an effect of the multi-mode coupling.

Passian, Ali; Thundat, Thomas George; Tetard, Laurene

2013-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

171

Localized defect modes in graphene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the properties of localized vibrational modes associated with structural defects in a sheet of graphene. For the examples of the Stone-Wales defects, one- and two-atom vacancies, many-atom linear vacancies, and adatoms in a honeycomb lattice, we demonstrate that the local defect modes are characterized by stable oscillations with the frequencies lying outside the linear frequency bands of an ideal graphene. In the frequency spectral density of thermal oscillations, such localized defect modes lead to the additional peaks from the right side of the frequency band of the ideal sheet of graphene, which indicate the presence of defects in the graphene flakes.

Alexander V. Savin and Yuri S. Kivshar

2013-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

172

Peeling mode relaxation ELM model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses an approach to modelling Edge Localised Modes (ELMs) in which toroidal peeling modes are envisaged to initiate a constrained relaxation of the tokamak outer region plasma. Relaxation produces both a flattened edge current profile (which tends to further destabilise a peeling mode), and a plasma-vacuum negative current sheet which has a counteracting stabilising influence; the balance that is struck between these two effects determines the radial extent (rE) of the ELM relaxed region. The model is sensitive to the precise position of the mode rational surfaces to the plasma surface and hence there is a 'deterministic scatter' in the results that has an accord with experimental data. The toroidal peeling stability criterion involves the edge pressure, and using this in conjunction with predictions of rE allows us to evaluate the ELM energy losses and compare with experiment. Predictions of trends with the edge safety factor and collisionality are also made.

Gimblett, C. G. [EURATOM/UKAEA Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre Abingdon, Oxon, OX14 3DB (United Kingdom)

2006-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

173

Existence of Metastable Kinetic Modes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The nonlinear evolution of resonantly driven systems, such as suprathermal particle driven modes in magnetically confined plasmas, is shown to strongly depend on the existence and nature of an underlying damping mechanism. When background resonant damping is present, subcritical states can take place. In particular, purely nonlinear steady-state regimes are found, whose destabilization threshold and saturation levels are calculated and validated using numerical simulations. This nonlinear behavior can be of relevance for acoustic modes in magnetically confined plasmas.

Nguyen, C.; Luetjens, H.; Garbet, X.; Grandgirard, V.; Lesur, M. [Centre de Physique Theorique, CNRS-Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau (France); CEA, IRFM, F-13108 Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (France); JAEA, Higashi-Ueno 6-9-3, Taitou, Tokyo, 110-0015 (Japan)

2010-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

174

Search for the standard model Higgs boson decaying to bottom quarks in pp collisions at ?s = 7 TeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A search for the standard model Higgs boson (H) decaying to b[bar over b] when produced in association with weak vector bosons (V) is reported for the following modes: W(??)H, W(e?)H, Z(??)H, Z(ee)H and Z(??)H. The search ...

Alver, B.

175

Search for Neutrinoless {tau} Decays Involving {pi}{sup 0} or {eta} Mesons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have searched for lepton flavor violating decays of the {tau} lepton using final states with an electron or a muon and one or two {pi}{sup 0} or {eta} mesons but no neutrinos. The data used in the search were collected with the CLEO II detector at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring (CESR) and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 4.68 fb{sup {minus}1} . No evidence for signals was found, resulting in much improved limits on the branching fractions for the one-meson modes and the first upper limits for the two-meson modes. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

Bonvicini, G.; Cinabro, D.; Greene, R.; Perera, L.P.; Zhou, G.J. [Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48202 (United States)] [Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48202 (United States); Barish, B.; Chadha, M.; Chan, S.; Eigen, G.; Miller, J.S.; OGrady, C.; Schmidtler, M.; Urheim, J.; Weinstein, A.J.; Wuerthwein, F. [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States)] [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); Asner, D.M.; Bliss, D.W.; Brower, W.S.; Masek, G.; Paar, H.P.; Prell, S.; Sharma, V. [University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 (United States)] [University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 (United States); Gronberg, J.; Hill, T.S.; Kutschke, R.; Lange, D.J.; Menary, S.; Morrison, R.J.; Nelson, H.N.; Nelson, T.K.; Qiao, C.; Richman, J.D.; Roberts, D.; Ryd, A.; Witherell, M.S. [University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)] [University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States); Balest, R.; Behrens, B.H.; Cho, K.; Ford, W.T.; Park, H.; Rankin, P.; Roy, J.; Smith, J.G. [University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0390 (United States)] [University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0390 (United States); Alexander, J.P.; Bebek, C.; Berger, B.E.; Berkelman, K.; Bloom, K.; Cassel, D.G.; Cho, H.A.; Coffman, D.M.; Crowcroft, D.S.; Dickson, M.; Drell, P.S.; Ecklund, K.M.; Ehrlich, R.; Elia, R.; Foland, A.D.; Gaidarev, P.; Galik, R.S.; Gittelman, B.; Gray, S.W.; Hartill, D.L.; Heltsley, B.K.; Hopman, P.I.; Kandaswamy, J.; Kim, P.C.; Kreinick, D.L.; Lee, T.; Liu, Y.; Ludwig, G.S.; Masui, J.; Mevissen, J.; Mistry, N.B.; Ng, C.R.; Nordberg, E.; Ogg, M.; Patterson, J.R.; Peterson, D.; Riley, D.; Soffer, A.; Valant-Spaight, B.; Ward, C. [Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States)] [Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States); Athanas, M.; Avery, P.; Jones, C.D.; Lohner, M.; Prescott, C.; Yelton, J.; Zheng, J. [University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States)] [University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States); Brandenburg, G.; Briere, R.A.; Gao, Y.S.; Kim, D.Y.; Wilson, R.; Yamamoto, H. [Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States)] [Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States); Browder, T.E.; Li, F.; Li, Y.; Rodriguez, J.L. [University at Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822 (United States)] [University at Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822 (United States); Bergfeld, T.; Eisenstein, B.I.; Ernst, J.; and others

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Non-collapsing renormalized QRPA with proton-neutron pairing for neutrinoless double beta decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the renormalized quasiparticle random phase approximation (RQRPA), we calculate the light neutrino mass mediated mode of neutrinoless double beta decay of Ge76, Mo100, Te128 and Te130. Our results indicate that the simple quasiboson approximation is not good enough to study the neutrinoless double beta decay, because its solutions collapse for physical values of g_pp. We find that extension of the Hilbert space and inclusion of the Pauli Principle in the QRPA with proton-neutron pairing, allows us to extend our calculations beyond the point of collapse, for physical values of the nuclear force strength. As a consequence one might be able to extract more accurate values on the effective neutrino mass by using the best available experimental limits on the half-life of neutrinoless double beta decay.

F. Simkovic; J. Schwieger; M. Veselsky; G. Pantis; Amand Faessler

1996-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

177

Measurements of Charmless B Decays Related to alpha at BaBar  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report recent measurements of the CKM angle {alpha} using data collected by the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy e{sup +}e{sup -} collider at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. In addition to improved constraints on {alpha} from the decays B{sup {+-}} {yields} {rho}{sup {+-}}{rho}{sup 0}, we also present preliminary results of neutral and charged B meson decays to K{sub 1}(1270){pi} and K{sub 1}(1400){pi} and its impact on the estimate for the CKM angle {alpha} based on time-dependent analysis of CP-violating asymmetries in B{sup 0} {yields} a{sub 1}(1260){sup {+-}} {pi}{sup {-+}}. Moreover we report the first observation of the decay B {yields} a{sub 1}(1260){sup {+-}}a{sub 1}(1260){sup {-+}}; this mode can be used, in principle, to provide an independent measurement of {alpha}.

Lombardo, Vincenzo; /INFN, Milan

2009-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

178

Evaluation of Some Blockcipher Modes of Operation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 4. CBC, CFB, and OFB Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 5. CTR; many are widely used. The modes under consideration are the encryption schemes ECB, CBC, CFB, OFB, CTR

Rogaway, Phillip

179

Evaluation of Some Blockcipher Modes of Operation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 4. CBC, CFB, and OFB Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 5. CTR are widely used. The modes under consideration are the encryption schemes ECB, CBC, CFB, OFB, CTR, and XTS

Rogaway, Phillip

180

Occupant satisfaction in mixed-mode buildings.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Strategies for Mixed-Mode Buildings, Summary Report, CenterCBE). 2006. Website: Mixed-Mode Building Case Studies.Department of Environmental Building Research Establishment

Brager, Gail; Baker, Lindsay

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n1875 decay modes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Occupant satisfaction in mixed-mode buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Environmental Quality in Green Buildings”. Indoor Air; 14 (Strategies for Mixed-Mode Buildings, Summary Report, CenterCBE). 2006. Website: Mixed-Mode Building Case Studies.

Brager, Gail; Baker, Lindsay

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Study of $B \\to K_0^*(1430)K^{(*)}$ decays in QCD Factorization Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Within the QCD factorization approach, we calculate the branching fractions and $CP$ asymmetry parameters of 12 $B \\to K_0^*(1430)K^{(*)}$ decay modes under the assumption that the scalar meson $K_0^*(1430)$ is the first excited state or the lowest lying ground state in the quark model. We find that the decay modes with the scalar meson emitted, have large branching fractions due to the enhancement of large chiral factor $r_\\chi^{K_0^*}$. The branching fractions of decays with the vector meson emitted, become much smaller owing to the smaller factor $r_\\chi^{K^*}$. Moreover, the annihilation type diagram will induce large uncertainties because of the extra free parameter dealing with the endpoint singularity. For the pure annihilation type decays, our predictions are smaller than that from PQCD approach by 2-3 orders of magnitudes. These results will be tested by the ongoing LHCb experiment, forthcoming Belle-II experiment and the proposing circular electron-positron collider.

Li, Ying; Xing, Ye; Li, Zuo-Hong; Lu, Cai-Dian

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

B - L violating nucleon decay and GUT scale baryogenesis in SO(10)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Minimal SO(10) models which utilize a 126-plet of Higgs for breaking B - L symmetry are predictive schemes for neutrino masses and mixings. These models have been known to predict sin{sup 2}2{theta}{sub 13} Asymptotically-Equal-To 0.09, which is consistent with recent measurements. It is shown that the same class of models generates naturally baryon number violating dimension seven operators leading to novel nucleon decay modes such as n{yields}e{sup -}K{sup +}, e{sup -}{pi}{sup +} and p{yields}{nu}{pi}{sup +} which violate B - L by two units. We find that in two-step breaking schemes of non-supersymmetric SO(10), the partial lifetimes for these modes can be within reach of experiments. The interactions responsible for these decay modes also provide a new way to understand the origin of matter in the universe via the decays of GUT scale colored scalar bosons. Their (B - L)-violating nature guarantees that the GUT scale induced baryon asymmetry is not washed out by the electroweak sphaleron interactions. In minimal SO(10) models this asymmetry is closely tied to the masses of quarks, leptons and the neutrinos.

Babu, K. S. [Department of Physics, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078 (United States)

2012-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

184

Signals of an invisibly decaying Higgs in a scalar dark matter scenario: a study for the Large Hadron Collider  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the collider phenomenology of a singlet Majoron model with softly broken lepton number. Lepton number is spontaneously broken when the real part of a new singlet scalar develops vacuum expectation value. With the additional soft terms violating lepton numbers, the imaginary part of this singlet scalar becomes a massive pseudo-Majoron which can account for the dark matter. In presence of the coupling of the pseudo-Majoron with the Standard Model (SM) Higgs, the SM Higgs mostly decays into a pair of pseudo-Majorons, giving rise to missing transverse energy signals at a hadron collider. Since the Higgs visible decay branching fractions get reduced in presence of this invisible decay mode, the bounds on the SM Higgs mass from the LEP and Tevatron experiments get diluted and the invisible decay channel of the Higgs become important for the discovery of low mass Higgs at the Large Hadron Collider.

Kirtiman Ghosh; Biswarup Mukhopadhyaya; Utpal Sarkar

2011-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

185

Z decay confronts nonstandard scenarios  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We show that recent data from the CERN e+e- collider LEP on the Z line shape and decays give stringent new constraints on mixing of e and ? with exotics and Z-Z’ mixing. Even in nonstandard models, where both the visible and the invisible part of the Z width are modified, a fourth light neutrino is unlikely unless substantial mixings between neutrinos and exotics are allowed. If the gluino is detectable at the Fermilab Tevatron then the lighter-chargino mass is tightly constrained (>42 GeV).

Gautam Bhattacharyya; Amitava Raychaudhuri; Amitava Datta; S. N. Ganguli

1990-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

186

Nonspectator contributions to inclusive charmless B decays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The light quarks inside B mesons are usually treated as spectators and do not affect the decay rates which are assumed to be purely due to b quark decays. In this paper we calculate the nonspectator contributions to inclusive charmless B decays due to the spectator effects. We find that the nonspectator contributions to the branching ratio for B0 are small (<2×10-4), but the contributions to ?S=0 and ?S=-1, B- decay branching ratios can be as large as -7.5×10-4 and 2×10-3, and can modify the main three-body spectator b decay branching ratios by 10% and 20%, respectively. These contributions may play an important role in rare charmless B decays.

Wu-Sheng Dai; Xiao-Gang He; Xue-Qian Li; Gang Zhao

1999-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

187

Charged track multiplicity in B meson decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have used the CLEO II detector to study the multiplicity of charged particles in the decays of B mesons produced at the ?(4S) resonance. Using a sample of 1.5×106 B meson pairs, we find the mean inclusive charged particle multiplicity to be 10.71±0.02-0.15+0.21 for the decay of the pair. This corresponds to a mean multiplicity of 5.36±0.01-0.08+0.11 for a single B meson. Using the same data sample, we have also extracted the mean multiplicities in semileptonic and nonleptonic decays. We measure a mean of 7.82±0.05-0.19+0.21 charged particles per BB¯ decay when both mesons decay semileptonically. When neither B meson decays semileptonically, we measure a mean charged particle multiplicity of 11.62±0.04-0.18+0.24 per BB¯ pair.

G. Brandenburg et al. (CLEO Collaboration)

2000-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

188

Direct CP violation in B decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review recent experimental results on direct CP violation. The hot topic is a measurement in charmless two-body decays of B0, B+. In connection to this the first analogous measurements in Bs0 and Lambda_b0 decays are now available. Furthermore first evidence for direct CP violation in B+ decays is obtained from Dalitz plot analyzes of the K+pi-pi+ final state at B-factories. The last group of discussed results probes the b -> c\\bar{c}d transition in attempt to resolve the discrepancy between Belle and BABAR experiments in CP violation in the B0 -> D+D- decays.

M. Kreps

2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

189

Nuclear beta-decay measurements and |Vud|  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Some recent work in nuclear beta decay related to the value of |Vud| is described along with some near-term goals for future measurements.

Dan Melconian

2011-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

190

New limits for neutrinoless tau decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

double beta decays, neutrino oscillations, Z!l11l22 decays, and other rare pro- cesses. In particular, there are strict limits on muon neutrino- less decays: B(m!eg),4.9310211 and B(m!eee),2.4 310212 at 90% confidence level @18#. However, lepton num- ber... particles and on the new coupling constants. The most optimistic branching fraction predictions are at the level of about 1026. Constraints on lepton flavor violation come from studies of rare and forbidden K , p, and m decays, e-m conversions, neutrinoless...

Ammar, Raymond G.; Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Besson, David Zeke; Coppage, Don; Darling, C.; Davis, Robin E. P.; Kotov, S.; Kravchenko, I.; Kwak, Nowhan; Zhou, L.

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Review of double beta decay experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The brief review of current experiments on search and studying of double beta decay processes is done. Best present limits on $\\langle m_{\

A. S. Barabash

2014-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

192

Spectroscopy of element 115 decay chains  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A high-resolution a, X-ray and -ray coincidence spectroscopy experiment was conducted at the GSI Helmholtzzentrum fu r Schwerionenforschung. Thirty correlated a-decay chains were detected following the fusion-evaporation reaction 48Ca + 243Am. The observations are consistent with previous assignments of similar decay chains to originate from element Z = 115. The data includes first candidates of fingerprinting the decay step Mt --> Bh with characteristic X rays. For the first time, precise spectroscopy allows the derivation of excitation schemes of isotopes along the decay chains starting with elements Z > 112. Comprehensive Monte-Carlo simulations accompany the data analysis. Nuclear structure models provide a first level interpretation.

Rudolph, Dirk [Lund University, Sweden; Forsberg, U. [Lund University, Sweden; Golubev, P. [Lund University, Sweden; Sarmiento, L. G. [Lund University, Sweden; Yakushev, A. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Andersson, L.-L. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Di Nitto, A. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Duehllmann, Ch. E. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Gates, J. M. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL); Gregorich, K. E. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL); Gross, Carl J [ORNL; Hessberger, F. P. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Herzberg, R.-D [University of Liverpool; Khuyagbaatar, J. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Kratz, J. V. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Rykaczewski, Krzysztof Piotr [ORNL; Schaedel, M. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Aberg, S. [Lund University, Sweden; Ackermann, D. [GSI-Hemholtzzentrum fur Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt, Germany; Block, M. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Brand, H. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Carlsson, B. G. [Lund University, Sweden; Cox, D. [University of Liverpool; Derkx, X. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Eberhardt, K. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Even, J. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Fahlander, C. [Lund University, Sweden; Gerl, J. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Jaeger, E. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Kindler, B. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Krier, J. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Kojouharov, I. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Kurz, N. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Lommel, B. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Mistry, A. [University of Liverpool; Mokry, C. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Nitsche, H. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL); Omtvedt, J. P. [Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen, Switzerland; Papadakis, P. [University of Liverpool; Ragnarsson, I. [Lund University, Sweden; Runke, J. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Schaffner, H. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Schausten, B. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Thoerle-Pospiech, P. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Torres, T. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Traut, T. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Trautmann, N. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Tuerler, A. [Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen, Switzerland; Ward, A. [University of Liverpool; Ward, D. E. [Lund University, Sweden; Wiehl, N. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Phenomenology of charmless hadronic B decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The decays of $B$ mesons to a pair of charmless pseudoscalar mesons ($PP$ decays) or to a vector and pseudoscalar meson ($VP$ decays) have been analyzed within the framework of flavor SU(3) symmetry and the Kobayashi-Maskawa mechanism of CP violation. Separate $PP$ and $VP$ fits proved to be successful in describing the experimental data (branching ratios, CP asymmetries and time-dependent parameters). Decay magnitudes and relative weak and strong phases have been extracted from the fits. Values of the weak phase $\\gamma$ were found to be consistent with the current indirect bounds from other analyses of CKM parameters.

Suprun, D A

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Phenomenology of charmless hadronic B decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The decays of $B$ mesons to a pair of charmless pseudoscalar mesons ($PP$ decays) or to a vector and pseudoscalar meson ($VP$ decays) have been analyzed within the framework of flavor SU(3) symmetry and the Kobayashi-Maskawa mechanism of CP violation. Separate $PP$ and $VP$ fits proved to be successful in describing the experimental data (branching ratios, CP asymmetries and time-dependent parameters). Decay magnitudes and relative weak and strong phases have been extracted from the fits. Values of the weak phase $\\gamma$ were found to be consistent with the current indirect bounds from other analyses of CKM parameters.

Denis A. Suprun

2004-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

195

Review of double beta decay experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The brief review of current experiments on search and studying of double beta decay processes is done. Best present limits on $\\langle m_{\

Barabash, A S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Vibrational Modes of Adsorbed Atoms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for AronXe B. Neon Ar The lowest surface m ver g.ur ace mode branc mo d o' td 'th es of the " rin " ce e wit an adsorbate of modes assoc' tia ed with th e; there are for the ads stion, the bra h sorbate atoms I c 1.ons ranch labeled 2H s. n... , are the real ads teristic force con t tons ants for ad is evident that in Fi . 2 t "heavier" than th ig. the adsorbate is n e substrate M & terpretation b M, ) in tkis in- ecause the weaknes th l' ht ofth ds o ke adsorbate atoms (m, &m, IBRATIQNAI...

LAWRENCE, WR; Allen, Roland E.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

The Fermi And Gamov-Teller {beta}-Decay Excitations Of The Scissors Mode 1+ States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this study, the allowed Gamov-Teller (GT) and Fermi {beta} transitions from 1+-state of the odd-odd nuclei to 1+-states are considered. Calculation of the {beta} transition matrix elements is performed in the phonon description and an analytical expressions for MF and MGT matrix elements are obtained for the first time.

Yildirm, Z.; Ertugral, F.; Kuliev, A. A. [Sakarya University, Physics Department, Adapazari (Turkey); Guliyev, E. [Institute of Physics, National Academy of Sciences, Baku (Azerbaijan)

2007-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

198

Study and comparison of the decay modes of the systems formed in the reactions 78  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. De Filippo1 , M. Vigilante3,4 , F. Amorini6 , L. Auditore7,8 , C. Beck9 , I. Berceanu10 , E. Bonnet5 energy that

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

199

CP-violation in $b \\to s$ Penguin Decays at BaBar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the new and updated $BABAR$ measurements of CP-violation studies for many $b\\to s $ penguin decay modes. We report the first observation of mixing-induced CP-violation in $B^0 \\to \\eta ^{'} K^0$ with a significance (including systematic uncertainties) of 5.5$\\sigma$. We also present the first observation of the decay $B^0 \\to \\rho ^0 K^0$. Using the time-dependent Dalitz plot analysis of $B^0\\to K^+K^- K^0$ decay, the CP-parameters $\\mathcal A_{CP}$ and $\\beta_{eff}$ are measured with $4.8\\sigma$ significance, and we reject the solution near $\\pi /2 - \\beta_{eff}$ at $4.5\\sigma$. We also present the updated measurements of CP-violating parameters for $B^0 \\to K_S^0 \\pi ^0$, $K_S^0K_S^0K_S^0$ and $\\pi ^0 \\pi ^0 K_S^0$ decays. An updated measurements of the CP-violating charge asymmetries for $B^{\\pm}\\to \\eta ^{'} K^{\\pm}$, $\\eta K^{\\pm}$, $\\omega K^{\\pm}$ decays are also presented. The measurements are based on the data sample recorded at the $\\Upsilon (4S)$ resonance with $BABAR$ detector at the PEP-II $B$-meson Factory at SLAC.

BaBar Collaboration; Nitesh Soni

2007-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

200

Beta processes in a high-temperature field and nuclear multibeta decays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sources of the temperature dependence of rates of nuclear beta processes in matter of massive stars are systematized. Electron and positron beta decays and electron capture (K capture and the capture of unbound electrons) fromexcited nuclear states (thermal decays) are considered along with the photobeta decays from ground and excited nuclear states. The possible quantum degeneracy of an electron gas in matter and the degree of ionization of an atomic K shell in a high-temperature field are taken into account. For a number of multidecay odd-nuclei, the temperature dependences of the ratios of the total rates of their {beta}{sup -} decays to the sum of the total rates over all of decay modes for the same nuclei are calculated in the range of nuclear temperature from 2 to 3 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 9} K. It is shown that the deviation of this ratio from the experimental value obtained at 'normal' temperature may be quite sizable. This circumstance should be taken into account in models that consider the problem of synthesis of nuclei in matter of massive stars.

Kopytin, I. V., E-mail: kopytin@yandex.ru; Hussain, Imad A. [Voronezh State University (Russian Federation)] [Voronezh State University (Russian Federation)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n1875 decay modes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Uncertainties in nuclear transition matrix elements of neutrinoless ?? decay  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To estimate the uncertainties associated with the nuclear transition matrix elements M{sup (K)} (K=0?/0N) for the 0{sup +} ? 0{sup +} transitions of electron and positron emitting modes of the neutrinoless ?? decay, a statistical analysis has been performed by calculating sets of eight (twelve) different nuclear transition matrix elements M{sup (K)} in the PHFB model by employing four different parameterizations of a Hamiltonian with pairing plus multipolar effective two-body interaction and two (three) different parameterizations of Jastrow short range correlations. The averages in conjunction with their standard deviations provide an estimate of the uncertainties associated the nuclear transition matrix elements M{sup (K)} calculated within the PHFB model, the maximum of which turn out to be 13% and 19% owing to the exchange of light and heavy Majorana neutrinos, respectively.

Rath, P. K. [Department of Physics, University of Lucknow, Lucknow-226007 (India)

2013-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

202

Coexistence of mixed mode multipactor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Multipactor is a vacuum discharge based on secondary electron emission, and can manifest in many resonant and non-resonant modes. Where two or more types of multipactor coexist in the same device, it is found analytically that the one with the highest yield or the lowest order dominates.

Kishek, R. A. [Institute for Research in Electronics and Applied Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

203

Time?dependent theory of alpha decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using Green’s function techniques a time?dependent theory of ? decay in the standard one?body model is developed. Formulas are obtained for the decay rate and ? energy. These formulas are combined with experimental information to show that to a good approximation the i n i t i a l ??particle wave function vanishes on or near the nuclear surface.

Michael G. Fuda

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Gross Theory of ?-Decay and Shell Effects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......nuclear final state measured fr:orn the parent. Although actual decays pro- Gross Theory of f3-Decay and Shell Effects 137 ceed only to the region of negative values of E, we extend our consideration to the positive region. Now, we can regard the whole......

Takayoshi Kondoh; Masami Yamada

1976-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Spectroscopy and decays of charm and bottom  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

After a brief review of the quark model, we discuss our present knowledge of the spectroscopy of charm and bottom mesons and baryons. We go on to review the lifetimes, semileptonic, and purely leptonic decays of these particles. We conclude with a brief discussion B and D mixing and rare decays.

Butler, J.N.

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Strong effects in weak nonleptonic decays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this report the weak nonleptonic decays of kaons and hyperons are examined with the hope of gaining insight into a recently proposed mechanism for the ..delta..I = 1/2 rule. The effective Hamiltonian for ..delta..S = 1 weak nonleptonic decays and that for K/sup 0/-anti K/sup 0/ mixing are calculated in the six-quark model using the leading logarithmic approximation. These are used to examine the CP violation parameters of the kaon system. It is found that if Penguin-type diagrams make important contributions to K ..-->.. ..pi pi.. decay amplitudes then upcoming experiments may be able to distinguish the six-quark model for CP violation from the superweak model. The weak radiative decays of hyperons are discussed with an emphasis on what they can teach us about hyperon nonleptonic decays and the ..delta..I = 1/2 rule.

Wise, M.B.

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Magnetic field decay in model SSC dipoles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have observed that some of our model SSC dipoles have long time constant decays of the magnetic field harmonics with amplitudes large enough to result in significant beam loss, if they are not corrected. The magnets were run at constant current at the SSC injection field level of 0.3 tesla for one to three hours and changes in the magnetic field were observed. One explanation for the observed field decay is time dependent superconductor magnetization. Another explanation involves flux creep or flux flow. Data are presented on how the decay changes with previous flux history. Similar magnets with different Nb-Ti filament spacings and matrix materials have different long time field decay. A theoretical model using proximity coupling and flux creep for the observed field decay is discussed. 10 refs., 5 figs., 2 tabs.

Gilbert, W.S.; Althaus, R.F.; Barale, P.J.; Benjegerdes, R.W.; Green, M.A.; Green, M.I.; Scanlan, R.M.

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

What can we learn from neutrinoless double beta decay experiments?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

312 P. Vogel, “Limits From Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay (Assumptions No detected neutrinoless double ?-decay lightestscale (1 ± 0.05 eV), No neutrinoless double ?-decay lightest

Bahcall, John N.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay in Light of SNO Salt Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

14] P. Vogel, “Limits From Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay (Higgs, can also cause neutrinoless double-beta decay (seeLBNL-53996 Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay in Light of SNO

Murayama, Hitoshi

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Neutrinoless double beta decay and nuclear matrix elements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The fundamental importance of searching for neutrinoless double?beta decay (0????decay) is widely recognized. Observation of the decay would tell us that the total lepton number is not conserved and that consequently neutrinos are massive Majorana fermions. The 0????decay is discussed in context of neutrino oscillation data. The perspectives of the experimental 0????decay searches are analyzed. The importance of reliable determination of the 0????decay nuclear matrix elements is pointed out.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Higher mode stability in spheromak equilibria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Spheromak equilibria with current profiles varying from peaked to hollow are analyzed for higher mode stability using a linear magnetohydrodynamic(MHD) code. For a cylindrical flux conserver with a radius equal to length the n=2 m=2 mode is found to be marginally unstable for the same hollow current profile as the n=1 m=1 mode. While the growth rate for this n=2 mode is much lower than the n=1 mode the presence of the n=2 mode may explain experimentally observed relaxation phenomena involving short wavelength turbulence in spheromak equilibria with sufficiently hollow current profiles.

U. Shumlak; T. R. Jarboe

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Field Quantization, Photons and Non-Hermitean Modes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Field quantization in three dimensional unstable optical systems is treated by expanding the vector potential in terms of non-Hermitean (Fox-Li) modes in both the cavity and external regions. The cavity non-Hermitean modes (NHM) are treated using the paraxial and monochromaticity approximations. The NHM bi-orthogonality relationships are used in a standard canonical quantization procedure based on introducing generalised coordinates and momenta for the electromagnetic (EM) field. The quantum EM field is equivalent to a set of quantum harmonic oscillators (QHO), associated with either the cavity or the external region NHM. This confirms the validity of the photon model in unstable optical systems, though the annihilation and creation operators for each QHO are not Hermitean adjoints. The quantum Hamiltonian for the EM field is the sum of non-commuting cavity and external region contributions, each of which is sum of independent QHO Hamiltonians for each NHM, but the external field Hamiltonian also includes a coupling term responsible for external NHM photon exchange processes. Cavity energy gain and loss processes is associated with the non-commutativity of cavity and external region operators, given in terms of surface integrals involving cavity and external region NHM functions on the cavity-external region boundary. The spontaneous decay of a two-level atom inside an unstable cavity is treated using the essential states approach and the rotating wave approximation. Atomic transitions leading to cavity NHM photon absorption have a different coupling constant to those leading to photon emission, a feature resulting from the use of NHM functions. Under certain conditions the decay rate is enhanced by the Petermann factor.

S. A. Brown; B. J. Dalton

2001-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

213

A Search for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay of Te-130.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This dissertation describes an experimental search for neutrinoless double beta (0???) decay of 130Te. An observation of 0??? decay would establish that neutrinos are Majorana… (more)

Bryant, Adam Douglas

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Search for: "neutrinoless double beta decay" | DOE PAGES  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

neutrinoless double beta decay" Find + Advanced Search Advanced Search All Fields: "neutrinoless double beta decay" Title: Full Text: Bibliographic Data: Creator Author: Name...

215

B, D and K Decays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present report documents the results of Working Group 2: B, D and K decays, of the workshop on Flavor in the Era of the LHC, held at CERN from November 2005 through March 2007. With the advent of the LHC, we will be able to probe New Physics (NP) up to energy scales almost one order of magnitude larger than it has been possible with present accelerator facilities. While direct detection of new particles will be the main avenue to establish the presence of NP at the LHC, indirect searches will provide precious complementary information, since most probably it will not be possible to measure the full spectrum of new particles and their couplings through direct production. In particular, precision measurements and computations in the realm of flavor physics are expected to play a key role in constraining the unknown parameters of the Lagrangian of any NP model emerging from direct searches at the LHC. The aim of Working Group 2 was twofold: on one hand, to provide a coherent, up-to-date picture of the status of flavor physics before the start of the LHC; on the other hand, to initiate activities on the path towards integrating information on NP from high-p{sub T} and flavor data. This report is organized as follows. In Sec. 1, we give an overview of NP models, focusing on a few examples that have been discussed in some detail during the workshop, with a short description of the available computational tools for flavor observables in NP models. Sec. 2 contains a concise discussion of the main theoretical problem in flavor physics: the evaluation of the relevant hadronic matrix elements for weak decays. Sec. 3 contains a detailed discussion of NP effects in a set of flavor observables that we identified as 'benchmark channels' for NP searches. The experimental prospects for flavor physics at future facilities are discussed in Sec. 4. Finally, Sec. 5 contains some assessments on the work done at the workshop and the prospects for future developments.

Artuso, M.; Asner, D.M.; Ball, P.; Baracchini, E.; Bell, G.; Beneke, M.; Berryhill, J.; Bevan, A.; Bigi, I.I.; Blanke, M.; Bobeth, Ch.; Bona, M.; Borzumati, F.; Browder, T.; Buanes, T.; Buchalla, G.; Buchmuller, O.; Buras, A.J.; Burdin, S.; Cassel, D.G.; Cavanaugh, R.; /Syracuse U. /Carleton U. /Durham U., IPPP /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /Karlsruhe U. /RWTH Aachen U. /Fermilab /Queen Mary, U. of London /Notre Dame U. /Munich, Tech. U. /Munich, Max Planck Inst. /Dortmund U. /Annecy, LAPP /ICTP, Trieste /Taiwan, Natl. Central U. /Hawaii U. /Bergen U. /Munich U. /CERN /Liverpool U.

2008-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

216

Block Cipher Modes Cetin Kaya Koc  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Confidentiality Modes Five confidentiality modes: ECB, CBC, CFB, OFB, and CTR ECB: Electronic Codebook CBC: Cipher Block Chaining CFB: Cipher Feedback OFB: Output Feedback CTR: Counter Ko�c (http

217

The Particle Adventure | Particle decays and annihiliations | Confusion  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Confusion about Confusion about decays Confusion about decays Many heavy elements decay into simpler things. But a close observation of these decays reveals several confusing problems. Consider uranium-238 decay. A lump of uranium-238 will decay at a constant rate such that in 4,460,000,000 years -- give or take a few days -- half the uranium will be gone. But there is no way to tell when a specific uranium atom will decay; it could decay five minutes from now, or in ten billion years. Why will an atom decay only according to some probability? Uranium-238 has a mass of 238.0508 atomic mass units (u). It can decay into thorium (234.0436 u) and an alpha particle (4.0026 u). But uranium's mass minus the mass of its decay products is 0.0046 u. Why is there missing mass?

218

Optical waveguides having flattened high order modes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A deterministic methodology is provided for designing optical fibers that support field-flattened, ring-like higher order modes. The effective and group indices of its modes can be tuned by adjusting the widths of the guide's field-flattened layers or the average index of certain groups of layers. The approach outlined here provides a path to designing fibers that simultaneously have large mode areas and large separations between the propagation constants of its modes.

Messerly, Michael Joseph; Beach, Raymond John; Heebner, John Edward; Dawson, Jay Walter; Pax, Paul Henry

2014-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

219

Can Dark Matter Decay in Dark Energy?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze the interaction between Dark Energy and Dark Matter from a thermodynamical perspective. By assuming they have different temperatures, we study the possibility of occurring a decay from Dark Matter into Dark Energy, characterized by a negative parameter $Q$. We find that, if at least one of the fluids has non vanishing chemical potential, for instance $\\mu_x0$, the decay is possible, where $\\mu_x$ and $\\mu_{dm}$ are the chemical potentials of Dark Energy and Dark Matter, respectively. Using recent cosmological data, we find that, for a fairly simple interaction, the Dark Matter decay is favored with a probability of $\\sim 93%$ over the Dark Energy decay. This result comes from a likelihood analysis where only background evolution has been considered.

S. H. Pereira; J. F. Jesus

2009-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

220

Double Beta Decay Constraint on Composite Neutrinos  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Constraint on Composite Neutrinos Eiichi Takasugi Department of Physics, Osaka University, Toyonaka 560 Neutrinoless double beta decay (betabeta)0v occurs through the magnetic coupling of dimension five operator whose coupling constant is......

Eiichi Takasugi

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n1875 decay modes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

27 contribution to weak electromagnetic decays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We notice that the assumption of octet dominance of the Cabibbo weak Hamiltonian is not required to explain the weak electromagnetic decays. In order to explain large asymmetry parameter ?(?+?p?) we consider ?7 contribution to the parity-violating Hamiltonian.

Ramesh C. Verma and M. P. Khanna

1978-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Probing QCD with Rare Charmless $B$ Decays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rare charmless hadronic B decays are a good testing ground for QCD. In this paper we describe a selection of new measurements made by the BABAR and BELLE collaborations.

Gradl, Wolfgang

2006-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

223

Uncertainty evaluation of delayed neutron decay parameters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

parameters fit their individual measurement data well in spite of these differences. This dissertation focuses on evaluation of the errors and methods of delayed neutron relative yields and decay constants for thermal fission of U-235. Various numerical...

Wang, Jinkai

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

224

Rare decays at the LHCb experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rare decays of beauty and charm hadrons offer a rich playground to make precise tests of the Standard Model and look for New Physics at the level of quantum corrections. A review of recent LHCb results will be presented.

Luca Pescatore

2014-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

225

Three-body decay of (6)Be  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Three-body correlations for the ground-state decay of the lightest two-proton emitter (6)Be are studied both theoretically and experimentally. Theoretical studies are performed in a three-body hyperspherical-harmonics cluster model...

Grigorenko, L. V.; Wiser, T. D.; Mercurio, K.; Charity, R. J.; Shane, R.; Sobotka, L. G.; Elson, J. M.; Wuosmaa, A. H.; Banu, A.; McCleskey, M.; Trache, L.; Tribble, Robert E.; Zhukov, M. V.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Phenomenology of neutrinoless double beta decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper reviews the current status and future outlook of neutrinoless double beta decay searches, which try to provide an answer to the fundamental question of whether neutrinos are Dirac or Majorana particles.

Gómez-Cadenas, J J

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Phenomenology of neutrinoless double beta decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper reviews the current status and future outlook of neutrinoless double beta decay searches, which try to provide an answer to the fundamental question of whether neutrinos are Dirac or Majorana particles.

J. J. Gómez-Cadenas; Justo Martín-Albo

2015-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

228

Electrical Analogs of Atomic Radiative Decay Processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simple electrical circuits are analyzed, and the results show that for high frequencies they have frequency and time responses identical to the spontaneous radiative decays of atoms. As an illustration of the analogy a ...

Fontana, Peter R.; Srivastava, Rajendra P.

1977-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Vibration modes of giant gravitons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We examine the spectrum of small vibrations of giant gravitons when the gravitons expand in anti–de Sitter space and when they expand on the sphere. For any given angular harmonic, the modes are found to have frequencies related to the curvature length scale of the background; these frequencies are independent of radius (and hence angular momentum) of the brane itself. This implies that the holographic dual theory must have, in a given R charge sector, low-lying non-BPS excitations with level spacings independent of the R charge.

Sumit R. Das; Antal Jevicki; Samir D. Mathur

2000-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

230

Measurements of B[subscript c][superscript +] Production and Mass with the B[subscript c][superscript +]?J/??[superscript +] Decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurements of B[subscript c][superscript +] production and mass are performed with the decay mode B[subscript c][superscript +]?J/??[superscript +] using 0.37??fb[superscript -1] of data collected in pp collisions at ...

Williams, Michael

231

CP Violation in Other Bs Decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The recent experimental results of CP violation in Bs decays other than in the J/psi phi final state are discussed. Included are the resonant components and $\\phi_s$ determination in Bs -> J/psi pi+ pi-, CP asymmetries in Bs -> h+ h'- decays, and the Bs effective lifetimes in the CP-even state K+ K- and the CP-odd state J/psi f0(980).

L. Zhang; for the LHCb Collaboration

2012-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

232

Neutrinoless double beta decay with scalar bilinears  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

One possible probe to physics beyond the standard model is to look for scalar bilinears, which couple to two fermions of the standard model. We point out that the scalar bilinears allow new diagrams contributing to the neutrinoless double beta decay. The upper bound on the neutrinoless double beta decay lifetime would then give new constraints on the ratio of the masses of these scalars to their couplings to the fermions.

H. V. Klapdor-Kleingrothaus; U. Sarkar

2002-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

233

A large Hilbert space QRPA and RQRPA calculation of neutrinoless double beta decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A large Hilbert space is used for the calculation of the nuclear matrix elements governing the light neutrino mass mediated mode of neutrinoless double beta decay of Ge76, Mo100, Cd116, Te128 and Xe136 within the proton-neutron quasiparticle random phase approximation (pn-QRPA) and the renormalized QRPA with proton-neutron pairing (full-RQRPA) methods. We have found that the nuclear matrix elements obtained with the standard pn-QRPA for several nuclear transitions are extremely sensitive to the renormalization of the particle-particle component of the residual interaction of the nuclear hamiltonian. Therefore the standard pn-QRPA does not guarantee the necessary accuracy to allow us to extract a reliable limit on the effective neutrino mass. This behaviour, already known from the calculation of the two-neutrino double beta decay matrix elements, manifests itself in the neutrinoless double-beta decay but only if a large model space is used. The full-RQRPA, which takes into account proton-neutron pairing and considers the Pauli principle in an approximate way, offers a stable solution in the physically acceptable region of the particle-particle strength. In this way more accurate values on the effective neutrino mass have been deduced from the experimental lower limits of the half-lifes of neutrinoless double beta decay.

F. Simkovic; J. Schwieger; G. Pantis; Amand Faessler

1997-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

234

Isomers in three doubly odd Fr-At-Bi ?-decay chains  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ?202206At?198Bi, ?200204At?196Bi, and ?198202At?194Bi a-decay chains have been studied by standard spectroscopic techniques using an on-line isotope separator. All the studied doubly odd isotopes have at least two isomers, which decay by a combination of the following decay modes: a emission, ?+/EC (electron capture) decay, and internal transition (IT). The internal transition, a highly retarded E3, is the j-forbidden transition between the [?h9/2??i13/2]10- and the [?h9/2??f5/2]7+ states. The B(E3) values of these IT’s together with their energy behavior as a function of the neutron and proton number, compared to the energy difference between the 13/2+(?i13/2) and 5/2-(?f5/2) states in the odd-mass Pb isotones, indicate that these proton-neutron-coupled states have a rather pure shell-model character.

M. Huyse; P. Decrock; P. Dendooven; G. Reusen; P. Van Duppen; J. Wauters

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Theory of Bernstein modes in graphene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a theoretical description of Bernstein modes that arise as a result of the coupling between plasmonlike collective excitations (upper-hybrid mode) and inter-Landau-level excitations, in graphene in a perpendicular magnetic field. These modes, which are apparent as avoided level crossings in the spectral function obtained in the random-phase approximation, are described to great accuracy in a phenomenological model. Bernstein modes, which may be measured in inelastic light-scattering experiments or in photoconductivity spectroscopy, are a manifestation of the Coulomb interaction between the electrons and may be used for a high-precision measurement of the upper-hybrid mode at small nonzero wave vectors.

R. Roldán; M. O. Goerbig; J.-N. Fuchs

2011-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

236

Recent Results on Semileptonic Decays at Babar  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Some recent BABAR results on semileptonic decays are presented. They focus on the determination of the CKM matrix elements |V{sub ub}| and |V{sub cb}| in inclusive and exclusive b {yields} u{ell}v and b {yields} c{ell}v decays, and on form factors measurement in exclusive c {yields} s{ell}v decays. Semileptonic decays play a crucial role in the determination of the unitarity triangle parameters: decays of the b quark give access to the CKM matrix elements |V{sub ub}| and |V{sub cb}|, while charm decays provide a way to validate lattice QCD computations through form factors measurements. Such calculations provide theoretical inputs that are used, especially, in the b sector. A lot of new results have been obtained by the BABAR collaboration during the last years, thanks to the large b{bar b} and c{bar c} production cross-sections and to the large recorded statistics. Some of these measurements are presented here.

Serrano, Justine; /Orsay, LAL

2011-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

237

Search for Invisible Decays of a Higgs Boson Produced in Association with a Z Boson in ATLAS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A search for evidence of invisible-particle decay modes of a Higgs boson produced in association with a Z boson at the Large Hadron Collider is presented. No deviation from the Standard Model expectation is observed in 4.5 fb$^{-1}$ (20.3 fb$^{-1}$) of 7 (8) TeV pp collision data collected by the ATLAS experiment. Assuming the Standard Model rate for ZH production, an upper limit of 75%, at the 95% confidence level is set on the branching ratio to invisible-particle decay modes of the Higgs boson at a mass of 125.5 GeV. The limit on the branching ratio is also interpreted in terms of an upper limit on the allowed dark matter--nucleon scattering cross section within a Higgs-portal dark matter scenario. Limits are also set on an additional neutral Higgs boson, in the mass range 110invisible particles.

ATLAS Collaboration

2014-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

238

Spontaneous fission modes and lifetimes of super-heavy elements in the nuclear density functional theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lifetimes of super-heavy (SH) nuclei are primarily governed by alpha decay and spontaneous fission (SF). Here we study the competing decay modes of even-even SH isotopes with 108 density functional theory framework capable of describing the competition between nuclear attraction and electrostatic repulsion. The collective mass tensor of the fissioning superfluid nucleus is computed by means of the cranking approximation to the adiabatic time-dependent Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov approach. Along the path to fission, our calculations allow for the simultaneous breaking of axial and space inversion symmetries; this may result in lowering SF lifetimes by more than seven orders of magnitude in some cases. We predict two competing SF modes: reflection-symmetric and reflection-asymmetric.The shortest-lived SH isotopes decay by SF; they are expected to lie in a narrow corridor formed by $^{280}$Hs, $^{284}$Fl, and $^{284}_{118}$Uuo that separates the regions of SH nuclei synthesized in "cold fusion" and "hot fusion" reactions. The region of long-lived SH nuclei is expected to be centered on $^{294}$Ds with a total half-life of ?1.5 days.

A. Staszczak; A. Baran; W. Nazarewicz

2012-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

239

Observables in the decays of B to two vector mesons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In general there are nine observables in the decay of a B meson to two vector mesons defined in terms of polarization correlations of these mesons. Only six of these can be detected via the subsequent decay angular distributions because of parity conservation in those decays. The remaining three require the measurement of the spin polarization of one of the decay products.

Cheng-Wei Chiang and Lincoln Wolfenstein

2000-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

240

Calculated final state probability distributions for T2 -decay measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 1.6.1 Neutrinoless double beta decay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 1.6.2 Cosmological

Washington at Seattle, University of - Department of Physics, Electroweak Interaction Research Group

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n1875 decay modes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Measurement of CP observables in B+- --> D_CP K+- decays and constraints on the CKM angle gamma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the entire sample of 467 million Y(4S) --> BBbar decays collected with the BaBar detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy B factory at SLAC, we perform a "GLW" analysis of B+- --> D K+- decays, using decay modes in which the neutral D meson decays to either CP-eigenstates or non-CP-eigenstates. We measure the partial decay rate charge asymmetries for CP-even and CP-odd D final states to be A_CP+ = 0.25+-0.06+-0.02 and A_CP- = -0.09+-0.07+-0.02, respectively, where the first error is the statistical and the second is the systematic uncertainty. The parameter A_CP+ is different from zero with a significance of 3.6 standard deviations, constituting evidence for direct CP violation. We also measure the ratios of the charged-averaged B partial decay rates in CP and non-CP decays, R_CP+ = 1.18+-0.09+-0.05 and R_CP- = 1.07+-0.08+-0.04. We infer frequentist confidence intervals for the angle gamma of the (db) unitarity triangle, for the strong phase difference delta_B, and for the amplitude ratio r_B, which are related to the B- --> DK- decay amplitude by r_Be^{i(delta_B-gamma)} = A(B- --> anti-D0 K^-)/A(B- --> D0 K-). Including statistical and systematic uncertainties, we obtain 0.24

The BABAR Collaboration; P. del Amo Sanchez

2010-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

242

Feasibility Investigation of the Decay Heat Removal Capability Using the Concept of a Thermosyphon in the Liquid Metal Reactor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new design concept for a decay heat removal system in a liquid metal reactor is proposed. The new design utilizes a thermosyphon to enhance the heat removal capacity and its heat transfer characteristics are analyzed against the current PSDRS (Passive Safety Decay heat Removal System) in the KALIMER (Korea Advanced Liquid Metal Reactor) design. The preliminary analysis results show that the new design with a thermosyphon yields substantial increase of 20{approx}40% in the decay heat removal capacity compared to the current design that do not have the thermosyphon. The new design reduces the temperature rise in the cooling air of the system and helps the surrounding structure in maintaining its mechanical integrity for long term operation at an accident. Also the analysis revealed the characteristics of the interactions among various heat transfer modes in the new design. (authors)

Yeon-Sik Kim; Yoon-Sub Sim; Eui-Kwang Kim [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, 150, Dukjin-Dong, Yusong-Gu, Taejon 305-353 (Korea, Republic of)

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Impact of the new nuclear decay data of ICRP publication 107 on inhalation dose coefficients for workers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The impact a revision of nuclear decay data had on dose coefficients was studied using data newly published in ICRP Publication 107 (ICRP 107) and existing data from ICRP Publication 38 (ICRP 38). Committed effective dose coefficients for occupational inhalation of radionuclides were calculated using two sets of decay data with the dose and risk calculation software DCAL for 90 elements, 774 nuclides and 1572 cases. The dose coefficients based on ICRP 107 increased by over 10 % compared with those based on ICRP 38 in 98 cases, and decreased by over 10 % in 54 cases. It was found that the differences in dose coefficients mainly originated from changes in the radiation energy emitted per nuclear transformation. In addition, revisions of the half-lives, radiation types and decay modes also resulted in changes in the dose coefficients.

Manabe, K. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA); Endo, Akira [Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA); Eckerman, Keith F [ORNL

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Examination of Flavor SU(3) in B, Bs to Kpi Decays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We update a discussion of the relation between the weak phase and the rates and CP asymmetries of several K{pi} decays of B{sup +}, B{sup 0}, and B{sub s}. We emphasize the impact of measurements of B{sub s} {yields} K{pi}. Current data indicate large SU(3) breaking in the strong phases or failure of factorization (including its application to penguin amplitudes) in K{pi} modes of B{sup 0} and B{sub s}. SU(3) and factorization only remain approximately valid if the branching ratio for B{sub s} {yields} K{sup -}{pi}{sup +} exceeds its current value of (5.00 {+-} 1.25) x 10{sup -6} by at least 50%, or if a parameter {zeta} describing ratios of form factors and decay constants is shifted from its nominal value by more than twice its estimated error.

Chiang, Cheng-Wei; /Taiwan, Natl. Central U. /Taiwan, Inst. Phys.; Gronau, Michael; /SLAC; Rosner, Jonathan L.; /Chicago U., EFI /Chicago U.

2008-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

245

Representation of Ideal Magnetohydrodynamic Modes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the most fundamental properties of ideal magnetohydrodynamics is the condition that plasma motion cannot change magnetic topology. The conventional representation of ideal magnetohydrodynamic modes by perturbing a toroidal equilibrium field through ? ? = ? X (xi X B) ensures that ? B • ? ? = 0 at a resonance, with ? labelling an equilibrium flux surface. Also useful for the analysis of guiding center orbits in a perturbed field is the representation ? ? = ? X ?B. These two representations are equivalent, but the vanishing of ? B • ?? at a resonance is necessary but not sufficient for the preservation of field line topology, and a indiscriminate use of either perturbation in fact destroys the original equilibrium flux topology. It is necessary to find the perturbed field to all orders in xi to conserve the original topology. The effect of using linearized perturbations on stability and growth rate calculations is discussed

Roscoe B. White

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

246

12. CP violation in meson decays 1 12. CP VIOLATION IN MESON DECAYS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

12. CP violation in meson decays 1 12. CP VIOLATION IN MESON DECAYS Revised May 2012 by D. Kirkby (UC Irvine) and Y. Nir (Weizmann Institute). The CP transformation combines charge conjugation C, for example, a left-handed electron e- L is transformed under CP into a right-handed positron, e+ R. If CP

247

12. CP violation in meson decays 1 12. CP VIOLATION IN MESON DECAYS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

12. CP violation in meson decays 1 12. CP VIOLATION IN MESON DECAYS Revised August 2009 by D. Kirkby (UC Irvine) and Y. Nir (Weizmann Institute). The CP transformation combines charge conjugation C, for example, a left-handed electron e- L is transformed under CP into a right-handed positron, e+ R. If CP

248

Study of the radiative decay J/psi. -->. gamma. eta. pi. /sup +/. pi. /sup -/  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Mark III collaboration has performed a high statistics study of the reaction J/psi ..-->.. ..gamma..eta..pi../sup +/..pi../sup -/, with two different final states of the eta, eta ..-->.. ..gamma gamma.. and eta ..-->.. ..pi../sup 0/..pi../sup +/..pi../sup -/. Both modes have a broad structure from 1.2 to 1.9 GeV/c/sup 2/ and two structures, which decay via delta/sup + -/..pi../sup - +/, delta/sup + -/ ..-->.. eta..pi../sup + -/, are identified at 1.28 and 1.39 GeV/c/sup 2/. No signal is observed in the iota(1440) signal region.

Becker, J.J.; Blaylock, G.T.; Bolton, T.; Brown, J.S.; Bunnell, K.O.; Burnett, T.H.; Cassell, R.E.; Coffman, D.; Cook, V.; Coward, D.H.

1987-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Reporting on the lifetime of charmless B/s meson decay to K+ K-  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors use data collected by the displaced track trigger of the CDF Run II detector at TeVatron to measure the B mesons lifetime in the hadronic decays: B{sub u} {yields} D{sup 0}{pi}, B{sub d} {yields} D{sup {-+}}{pi}{sup {+-}}, B{sub d} {yields} D{sup {-+}}3{pi}, B{sub s} {yields} D{sub s}{sup {-+}}{pi}{sup {+-}}, B{sub s} {yields} D{sub s}{sup {-+}}3{pi}. Recent developments in the measurement of the lifetime of the charmless B{sub s} {yields} K{sup +}k{sup -} mode is presented.

Donega, M.; /Geneva U.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Random matrix description of decaying quantum systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This contribution describes a statistical model for decaying quantum systems (e.g. photo-dissociation or -ionization). It takes the interference between direct and indirect decay processes explicitely into account. The resulting expressions for the partial decay amplitudes and the corresponding cross sections may be considered a many-channel many-resonance generalization of Fano's original work on resonance lineshapes [Phys. Rev 124, 1866 (1961)]. A statistical (random matrix) model is then introduced. It allows to describe chaotic scattering systems with tunable couplings to the decay channels. We focus on the autocorrelation function of the total (photo) cross section, and we find that it depends on the same combination of parameters, as the Fano-parameter distribution. These combinations are statistical variants of the one-channel Fano parameter. It is thus possible to study Fano interference (i.e. the interference between direct and indirect decay paths) on the basis of the autocorrelation function, and thereby in the regime of overlapping resonances. It allows us, to study the Fano interference in the limit of strongly overlapping resonances, where we find a persisting effect on the level of the weak localization correction.

T. Gorin

2005-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

251

Leptonic B Decays at BaBar  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors will present the most recent results on leptonic B decays B{sup {+-}(0)} {yields} K*{sup {+-}(0)} {nu}{bar {nu}} and B{sup {+-}} {yields} {mu}{sup {+-}}{nu}, based on the data collected by the BaBar detector at PEP-II, an asymmetric e{sup +}e{sup -} collider at the center of mass energy of the {Upsilon}(4S) resonance. Rare B decays have always been a standard probe for New Physics (NP) searches. The very low Standard Model (SM) rate of these decays often make them unaccessible with the present experimental datasets, unless NP effects enhance the rate up to the current experimental sensitivity. Moreover, as NP effects can modify the decay kinematic, particular attention must be payed in order to perform a model independent analysis. A B-Factory provides an unique environment where to investigate these processes. The high number of B{bar B} pairs produced by a B-Factory often allows to approach the needed experimental sensitivity. Moreover, the clean environment and the closed kinematic of the initial state enable to obtaining a very pure sample where to look for these decays.

Monorchio, Diego; /INFN, Naples /Naples U.

2011-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

252

Neutron decay beyond the standard model.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors discuss {beta} decay interactions in extensions of the Standard Model, and the role of {beta} decay experiments in obtaining information on them. Nuclear and neutron {beta} decay played an important role in the development of the Standard Model (SM). Today a major motivation for their further experimental study is the importance of searching for new-interactions. Despite the remarkable success of the SM, for many theoretical reasons the existence of new physics is expected. In fact, we have already the first strong experimental evidence, in the form of neutrino oscillations, that some extension of the SM is required. In this talk we shall discuss {beta} decay interactions in extensions of the SM [1]. We shall review the existing bounds on new interactions provided by {beta} decay experiments, and consider the constraints on them from other sources. In the next section we focus on time-reversal (T) invariant contributions. In Section 3 we discuss briefly the contributions from the T-violating components of the new interactions. Section 4 contains our conclusions.

Herczeg, P. (Peter)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

First results with charmless two-body B-decays at LHCb, and future prospects  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

LHCb is an experiment which is designed to perform flavour physics measurements at the LHC. Charged two-body charmless B decays (e.g. B^0 -> Kpi, pipi, B_s->KK, etc) receive significant contributions from loop diagrams and are thus sensitive probes of New Physics. Study of these modes is therefore an important physics goal of LHCb. First results will be presented, using around 37 pb^{-1} of data collected at \\sqrt{s}=7 TeV in 2010. These results illustrate the power of the LHCb trigger system and particle identification capabilities of the RICH detectors in isolating clean samples of each final state, and include preliminary measurements of direct CP-violation in certain key modes. The prospects for these measurements in the coming run will be presented. A brief survey will also be given of results and prospect in other areas of the LHCb physics programme.

None

2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

254

Graphene sustained nonlinear modes in dielectric waveguides  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We discuss the existence of nonlinear modes sustained by graphene layers in dielectric waveguides. Taking advantage of the almost two dimensional nature of graphene, we introduce the...

Auditore, Aldo; De Angelis, Costantino; Locatelli, Andrea; Boscolo, Stefano; Midrio, Michele; Romagnoli, Marco; Capobianco, Antonio-Daniele; Nalesso, Gianfranco

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

FMEA (Failure Mode and Effects Analysis)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

FMEA (Failure Mode and Effects Analysis; Fehlermöglichkeits- und Einflussanalyse) als universelles Methodenmodell folgt dem Grundgedanken einer präventiven Fehlervermeidung anstelle einer nachsorgenden Fehler...

A. Göbel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Measurements of B?Ds(+)X decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. THE B?DS ?*?1D¯ ?*? DECAY RATES In the dominant process leading to a two-body decay of the type B!Ds(*)1D (*), shown in Fig. 1, the Ds(*)1 is pro- duced from the fragmentation of the W1. The analogous b!u transitions lead to final states like Ds1p2...*5280 MeV, Vcb50.038, tB51.52 ps , and ua1u51.07 @14#, which was derived from B0!D (*)1p2/r2 decays. The CLEO II values are the values of Table VIII with all of the errors added in quadrature. Model Ds 1D¯ Ds* 1D¯ Ds 1D¯* Ds* 1D¯* BSW @19# 1.69 0.99 0...

Baringer, Philip S.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Factorization in B ---> V gamma decays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The factorization properties of the radiative decays B {yields} V{gamma} are analyzed at leading order in 1/m{sub b} using the soft-collinear effective theory. It is shown that the decay amplitudes can be expressed in terms of a B {yields} V form factor evaluated at q{sup 2} = 0, light-cone distribution amplitudes of the B and V mesons, and calculable hard-scattering kernels. The renormalization-group equations in the effective theory are solved to resum perturbative logarithms of the different scales in the decay process. Phenomenological implications for the B {yields} K*{gamma} branching ratio, isospin asymmetry, and CP asymmetries are discussed, with particular emphasis on possible effects from physics beyond the Standard Model.

Becher, Thomas; /Fermilab; Hill, Richard J.; /SLAC; Neubert, Matthias; /Cornell U., LEPP

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

BES Results on Charmonium Decays and Transitions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Results are reported based on samples of 58 million $J/\\psi$ and 14 million $\\psi(2S)$ decays obtained by the BESII experiment. Improved branching fraction measurements are determined, including branching fractions for $J/\\psi\\to\\pi^+\\pi^-\\pi^0$, $\\psi(2S)\\to \\pi^0 J/\\psi$, $\\eta J/\\psi$, $\\pi^0 \\pi^0 J/\\psi$, anything $J/\\psi$, and $\\psi(2S)\\to\\gamma\\chi_{c1},\\gamma\\chi_{c2}\\to\\gamma\\gamma\\jpsi$. Using 14 million $\\psi(2S)$ events, $f_0(980)f_0(980)$ production in $\\chi_{c0}$ decays and $K^*(892)^0\\bar K^*(892)^0$ production in $\\chi_{cJ}~(J=0,1,2)$ decays are observed for the first time, and branching ratios are determined.

Frederick A. Harris

2004-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

259

Correlations and the neutrinoless double beta decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We explore the influence of the deformation on the nuclear matrix elements of the neutrinoless double beta decay (NME) concluding that the difference in deformation ?or more generally on the amount of quadrupole correlations? between parent and grand daughter nuclei quenchs strongly the decay. We discuss how varies the nuclear matrix element of 76 Ge decay when the wave functions of the two nuclei involved in the transition are constrained to reproduce the experimental occupancies. In the Interacting Shell Model description the value of the NME is enhanced about 15% compared to previous calculations whereas in the QRPA the NME’s are reduced by 20%–30% thus the discrepancies between both approaches diminish.

J. Menéndez; A. Poves; E. Caurier; F. Nowacki

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Factorization in B to V gamma Decays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The factorization properties of the radiative decays B {yields} V{gamma} are analyzed at leading order in 1/mb using the soft-collinear effective theory. It is shown that the decay amplitudes can be expressed in terms of a B {yields} V form factor evaluated at q{sup 2} = 0, light-cone distribution amplitudes of the B and V mesons, and calculable hard-scattering kernels. The renormalization-group equations in the effective theory are solved to resume perturbative logarithms of the different scales in the decay process. Phenomenological implications for the B {yields} K*{gamma} branching ratio, isospin asymmetry, and CP asymmetries are discussed, with particular emphasis on possible effects from physics beyond the Standard Model.

Becher, T

2005-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n1875 decay modes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Charmless hadronic $B \\to (f_1(1285),f_1(1420)) P$ decays in the perturbative QCD approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study twenty charmless hadronic $B \\to f_1 P$ decays, with $f_1$ representing axial-vector mesons $f_1(1285)$ and $f_1(1420)$ that resulting from a mixing of quark-flavor $f_{1q}$ and $f_{1s}$ states with the angle $\\phi_{f_1}$, in the perturbative QCD(pQCD) formalism. The estimations of branching ratios and CP asymmetries of the considered $B \\to f_1 P$ decays are presented in the pQCD approach with $\\phi_{f_1} \\sim 24^\\circ$ from recently measured $B_{d/s} \\to J/\\psi f_1(1285)$ decays. It is found that (a) the tree dominant $B^+ \\to f_1 \\pi^+$ and the penguin dominant $B^+ \\to f_1 K^+$ decays with large branching ratios[${\\cal O}(10^{-6})$] and large direct CP violations(around $14\\% \\sim 28\\%$ in magnitude) simultaneously are believed to be clearly measurable at the LHCb and Super-B factory experiments; (b) the nearly pure penguin-dominated $B_d \\to f_1 K_S^0$ and $B_s \\to f_1 (\\eta, \\eta')$ modes with safely negligible tree pollution also have large decay rates in the order of $10^{-6} \\sim 10^{-5}$, w...

Liu, Xin; Li, Jing-Wu; Zou, Zhi-Tian

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Nonfactorization in Cabibbo-favored B decays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We assume universal values for the color-singlet (?1) and color-octet (?8) nonfactorization parameters in B decays. Two sets of color-favored processes and one set of color-suppressed processes were used to give quantitative estimates of these parameters. It has been found (by calculating the branching ratios for a large number of Cabibbo-favored B decays) that the values ?1(?0)=-0.06±0.03 and ?8(?0)=0.12±0.02 improve significantly the predictions of the factorization model.

F. M. Al-Shamali and A. N. Kamal

1999-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

263

One-particle inclusive semileptonic B decays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose a method for a QCD based calculation of one-particle inclusive decays of the form B?D¯X or B?D*X. It is based on the heavy mass limit and a short distance expansion of the amplitudes, which yield a power series in the parameter 1/MX2 for the spectra and in ?QCDmb/(mb-mc)2 for the rates. We study the leading term of this expansion for the case of the semileptonic decays B?D¯Xl+?.

Christopher Balzereit and Thomas Mannel

1998-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

264

On the neutrinoless double ?{sup +}/EC decays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The neutrinoless double positron-emission/electron-capture (0??{sup +}/EC) decays are studied for the magnitudes of the involved nuclear matrix elements (NMEs). Decays to the ground state, 0{sub gs}{sup +}, and excited 0{sup +} states are discussed. The participant many-body wave functions are evaluated in the framework of the quasiparticle random-phase approximation (QRPA). Effective, G-matrix-derived nuclear forces are used in realistic single-particle model spaces. The channels ?{sup +}?{sup +}, ?{sup +}EC, and the resonant neutrinoless double electron capture (R0?ECEC) are discussed.

Suhonen, Jouni [Department of Physics, P.O. Box 35 (YFL), FI-40014 University of Jyväskylä (Finland)

2013-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

265

Fission decay in intermediate heavy ion reactions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Results are presented on cross sections, parallel and perpendicular momentum transfers, charge loss and velocity systematics for fission following reactions of Fe and Nb projectiles at 50--100 MeV/A on targets of Ta, Au, and Th. The results at 100 MeV/A are compared to a detailed multistage deexcitation model. The initial collision is modeled with an intranuclear cascade. The resultant excited target residues then undergo a fast preequilibrium decay stage followed by a statistical decay involving nucleon evaporation and fission. Results from this modeling are in reasonable agreement with experimental data. 14 refs., 11 figs.

Britt, H.C.

1990-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

266

Decay study of Inm104,g  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Ing104 and Inm104 nuclei have been produced by means of the following reactions: Cd106(p,3n), Mo92(14N,2n), Mo92(16O,p3n), Mo92(20Ne,3p5n). Their decay has been investigated after mass separation. From ?+, ?, and x direct spectra and ?-?-T, ?-x-T, and ?-?-T coincidences, a Cd104 level scheme has been constructed. The observation of an intense background of statistical ? rays, emitted after strong ? decay to high energy levels, resolves the problems of previously published work concerning ?-ray intensities, spin determinations, and QEC values.

J. Vanhorenbeeck; E. Coenen; P. Decrock; P. Dendooven; K. Deneffe; M. Huyse; G. Reusen; P. Van Duppen; J. Wauters; P. del Marmol

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

A1-?-? System and ??l?? Decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is pointed out that an accurate experimental determination of the ratio r of the structure-dependent axial-vector to the vector contribution in ??l?? decay can settle the question of subtraction in the dispersion relation for the relevant amplitude which determines the axial-vector contribution in this decay, as well as in the electromagnetic form factor of the pion. Further, it is shown that the value of r is sensitive to the value of the parameter ? which enters into the A1-?-? system for theoretical determination of the A1??? and ??2? widths.

Riazuddin and Fayyazuddin

1968-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

268

BaBar: Rare Charmless B Decays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Three two body and two resonance decays of the B mesons have been measured using data from the BABAR detector: B{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup {+-}}, K{sup {-+}}, K{sup +}K{sup -}, K{sub S}{sup 0}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -} and B{sup 0} {yields} a{sub 1}{sup +}(1260){pi}{sup -}. The branching ratio and that of some intermediate resonances are presented along with the Cp asymmetry of the decay B{sup 0} {yields} K*{sup +}{pi}{sup -}.

Hutchcroft, D.; /Liverpool U.

2006-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

269

Electromagnetic corrections to pseudoscalar decay constants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effects of electromagnetic interactions on pseudoscalar decay constants are investigated. Using a compact QED and QCD action we are able to resolve differences of about 0.1 MeV. We obtain the preliminary results f_pi^0-f_pi^+/- =0.09(3) MeV and f_D^0-f_D^+/- =0.79(11) MeV for light and charmed pseudoscalar decay constants on a N_f=2 nonperturbatively improved Sheikholeslami-Wohlert ensemble.

Benjamin Glaessle; Gunnar S. Bali

2011-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

270

Neutrinoless double beta decay and neutrino masses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Neutrinoless double beta decay (0???) is a promising test for lepton number violating physics beyond the standard model (SM) of particle physics. There is a deep connection between this decay and the phenomenon of neutrino masses. In particular we will discuss the relation between 0??? and Majorana neutrino masses provided by the so-called Schechter-Valle theorem in a quantitative way. Furthermore we will present an experimental cross check to discriminate 0??? from unknown nuclear background using only one isotope i.e. within one experiment.

Michael Duerr

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Spontaneous Fission Modes and Lifetimes of Superheavy Elements in the Nuclear Density Functional Theory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Background: The reactions with the neutron-rich 48Ca beam and actinide targets resulted in the detection of new superheavy (SH) nuclides with Z=104 118. The unambiguous identification of the new isotopes, however, still poses a problem because their -decay chains terminate by spontaneous fission (SF) before reaching the known region of the nuclear chart. The understanding of the competition between -decay and SF channels in SH nuclei is, therefore, of crucial importance for our ability to map the SH region and to assess its extent.

Purpose: We perform self-consistent calculations of the competing decay modes of even-even SH isotopes with 108 Z 126 and 148 N 188.

Methods: We use the state-of-the-art computational framework based on self-consistent symmetry-unrestricted nuclear density functional theory capable of describing the competition between nuclear attraction and electrostatic repulsion. We apply the SkM* Skyrme energy density functional. The collective mass tensor of the fissioning superfluid nucleus is computed by means of the cranking approximation to the adiabatic time-dependent Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov (HFB) approach. This paper constitutes a systematic self-consistent study of spontaneous fission in the SH region, carried out at a full HFB level, that simultaneously takes into account both triaxiality and reflection asymmetry.

Results: Breaking axial symmetry and parity turns out to be crucial for a realistic estimate of collective action; it results in lowering SF lifetimes by more than 7 orders of magnitude in some cases. We predict two competing SF modes: reflection symmetric modes and reflection asymmetric modes.

Conclusions: The shortest-lived SH isotopes decay by SF; they are expected to lie in a narrow corridor formed by 280Hs, 284Fl, and 118284Uuo that separates the regions of SH nuclei synthesized in cold-fusion and hot-fusion reactions. The region of long-lived SH nuclei is expected to be centered on 294Ds with a total half-life of 1.5 days. Our survey provides a solid benchmark for the future improvements of self-consistent SF calculations in the region of SH nuclei.

Staszczak, A, [UTK/ORNL/Inst. Physics, Maria Curie-Sklodowska University, Poland; Baran, A. [UTK/ORNL/Inst. Physics, Maria Curie-Sklodowska University, Poland; Nazarewicz, Witold [UTK/ORNL/University of Warsaw

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Searches for the baryon- and lepton-number violating decays $B^0\\rightarrow\\Lambda_c^ \\ell^-$, $B^-\\rightarrow\\Lambda\\ell^-$, and $B^-\\rightarrow\\bar{\\Lambda}\\ell^-$  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Searches for B mesons decaying to final states containing a baryon and a lepton are performed, where the baryon is either {Lambda}{sub c} or {Lambda} and the lepton is a muon or an electron. These decays violate both baryon and lepton number and would be a signature of physics beyond the standard model. No significant signal is observed in any of the decay modes, and upper limits in the range (3.2 - 520) x 10{sup -8} are set on the branching fractions at the 90% confidence level.

del Amo Sanchez, P.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Martinelli, M.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Milanes, D.A.; /INFN, Bari; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Brown, D.N.; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G.; Osipenkov, I.L.; /UC, Berkeley; Koch, H.; Schroeder, T.; /Ruhr U., Bochum /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UC, Riverside /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /Frascati /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /Indian Inst. Tech., Guwahati /Harvard U. /Harvey Mudd Coll. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa State U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Paris U., VI-VII /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT /McGill U. /Milan U. /Milan U. /Milan U. /Milan U. /Milan U. /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U. /Oregon U. /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /INFN, Padua /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /Paris U., VI-VII /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Princeton U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /Rostock U. /Rutherford /DAPNIA, Saclay /SLAC /South Carolina U. /Southern Methodist U. /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SUNY, Albany /Tel Aviv U. /Tennessee U. /Texas Nuclear Corp., Austin /Texas U., Dallas /INFN, Turin /Turin U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /Valencia U. /Victoria U. /Warwick U. /Wisconsin U., Madison

2011-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

273

Cascade atom in high-Q cavity: The spectrum for non-Markovian decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The spontaneous emission spectrum for a three level cascade configuration atom in a single mode high-Q cavity coupled to a zero temperature reservoir of continuum external modes is determined from the atom-cavity mode master equation using the quantum regression theorem. Initially the atom is in its upper state and the cavity mode empty of photons. Following Glauber, the spectrum is defined via the response of a detector atom. Spectra are calculated for the detector located inside the cavity (case A), outside the cavity end mirror (Case B-end emission), or placed for emission out the side of the cavity (Case C). The spectra for case A and case B are found to be essentially the same. In all the cases the predicted lineshapes are free of instrumental effects and only due to cavity decay. Spectra are presented for intermediate and strong coupling regime situations (where both atomic transitions are resonant with the cavity frequency), for cases of non-zero cavity detuning, and for cases where the two atomic transition frequencies differ. The spectral features for Cases B(A) and C are qualitatively similar, with six spectral peaks for resonance cases and eight for detuned cases. These general features of the spectra can be understood via the dressed atom model. However, Case B and C spectra differ in detail, with the latter exhibiting a deep spectral hole at the cavity frequency due to quantum interference effects.

B. J. Dalton; B. M. Garraway

2007-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

274

Neutrinoless double beta decay in deformed nuclei: its implications in particle and nuclear physics .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In my thesis, we calculated the Nuclear Matrix Elements (NME) for neutrinoless double beta decay (0??? decay). Neutrinoless double beta decay is a rare nuclear… (more)

Fang, DongLiang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Mode I - mode II delamination fractrue toughness of a unidirectional graphite/epoxy composite  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MODE I - MODE II DELAMINATION FRACTURE TOUGHNESS OF A UNIDIRECTIONAL GRAPHITE/EPOXY COMPOSITE A Thesis by PETER STEPHEN VANDERKLEY Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Demember 1981 Najor Subject: Mechanical Engineering MODE I - MODE II DELAMINATION FRACTURE TOUGHNESS OF A UNIDIRECTIONAL GRAPHITE/EPOXY COMPOSITE A Thesis by PETER STEPHEN VANDERKLEY Approved as to style and content by...

Vanderkley, Peter Stephen

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

276

New proofs for old modes Mark Wooding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the standard block cipher modes of operation: CBC, CFB, and OFB and analyse their security. We don't look in (full­width) CFB and OFB modes and that generalized counters encrypted using the block cipher (with Ciphertext feedback (CFB) en­ cryption 19 4.1 Description . . . . . . . . . 19 4.2 Sliding strings

277

New proofs for old modes Mark Wooding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the standard block cipher modes of operation: CBC, CFB, and OFB and analyse their security. We don't look in (full-width) CFB and OFB modes and that generalized counters encrypted using the block cipher (with Ciphertext feedback (CFB) en- cryption 19 4.1 Description . . . . . . . . . 19 4.2 Sliding strings

278

2009 Raj JainCSE571SWashington University in St. Louis Modes ofModes of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, CFB, CTR 2. Privacy+Integrity 3. DES Attacks 4. 3DES and its design Ref: Chapter 4 of textbook. #12. Electronic Code Book (ECB) 2. Cipher Block Chaining (CBC) 3. Cipher Feedback Mode (CFB) 4. Output Feedback University in St. Louis 4. k4. k--Bit Cipher Feedback Mode (CFB)Bit Cipher Feedback Mode (CFB) ! Key Stream

Jain, Raj

279

Slepton Discovery in Electroweak Cascade Decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The LHC studies on the MSSM slepton sector have mostly been focused on direct slepton Drell-Yan pair production. In this paper, we analyze the case when the sleptons are lighter than heavy neutralinos and can appear in the on-shell decay of neutralino states. In particular, we have studied the \\chi_1^\\pm \\chi_2^0 associated production, with the consequent decays of \\chi_1^\\pm and \\chi_2^0 via on-shell sleptons. The invariant mass of the lepton pairs, m_{\\ell\\ell}, from the neutralino decay has a distinctive triangle shape with a sharp kinematic cutoff. We discuss the utilization of this triangle shape in m_{\\ell\\ell} distribution to identify the slepton signal. We studied the trilepton plus missing E_T signal and obtained the effective cross section, \\sigma \\times BR \\times acceptance, that is needed for a 5\\sigma discovery as a function of the cutoff mass for the LHC with center of mass energy 14 TeV and 100 fb^{-1} integrated luminosity. Our results are model independent such that they could be applied to other models with similar decay topology. When applied to the MSSM under simple assumptions, it is found that with 100 fb^{-1} integrated luminosity, a discovery reach in the left-handed slepton mass of about 600 GeV could be reached, which extends far beyond the slepton mass reach in the usual Drell-Yan studies.

Jonathan Eckel; William Shepherd; Shufang Su

2011-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

280

CP violation in charged-kaon decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The CP-violating asymmetry [?(K+??+?+?-) -?(K-??-?-?+)]/[? (K+??+?+?-)+?(K- ??-?-?+)] is determined by CP violation in kaon decay amplitudes. We derive an expression for this asymmetry in the standard six-quark model including CP violation from both strong and electromagnetic penguin-type diagrams.

B. Grinstein; Soo-Jong Rey; Mark B. Wise

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n1875 decay modes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Nuclear physics aspects of double beta decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comprehensive description of the phenomenology of the $\\beta\\beta$ decay is given, with emphasis on the nuclear physics aspects. After a brief review of the neutrino oscillation results and of motivation to test the lepton number conservation, the mechanism of the $0\

Petr Vogel

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

282

Radioactivity: Olympic Games: dirty and decaying?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Radioactivity: Olympic Games: dirty and decaying? Awards: SciCast rewards the best in scientific short films Conference: Teachers conference is big in Boston Workshop: Experts and teachers mingle in Mexico Awards: Olympiad holds lavish ceremony Cinema: Indiana Jones has a skull full of physics Conference: ESERA announces Turkish delight for 2009 Forthcoming Events

283

Muon decay in a laser field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigate the change in the decay rate of a muon caused by embedding it in the field of a laser. A previous paper found that the change could be large, as much as an order of magnitude. We find the more intuitive result that the change is small and give analytic expressions for the small corrections.

Duane A. Dicus; Arsham Farzinnia; Wayne W. Repko; Todd M. Tinsley

2009-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

284

Neutrinoless Double $?$-Decay: Status and Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A brief summary of the status of neutrino masses, mixing and oscillations is presented. Neutrinoless double $\\beta$-decay is considered. Predictions for the effective Majorana mass are reviewed. A possible test of the calculations of nuclear matrix elements of the $0\

S. M. Bilenky

2005-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

285

Study of Michel spectrum of tau decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis is the beginning of a larger project to use BaBar to examine weak couplings through leptonic [tau] decay. I will use the ratio of Br... and Br... and the Michel parameters [rho] and [eta]. which describe the ...

Ackerman, Nicole (Nicole L.)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Search for rare and forbidden eta ' decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have searched for rare and forbidden decays of the eta' meson in hadronic events at the CLEO II detector. The search is conducted on 4.80 fb(-1) of e(+)e(-) collisions at 10.6 GeV center-of-mass energy at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring. We...

Ammar, Raymond G.; Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Besson, David Zeke; Coppage, Don; Davis, Robin E. P.; Kotov, S.; Kravchenko, I.; Kwak, Nowhan; Zhou, X.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Search for neutrinoless ? decays: ??e? and ????  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A search for the lepton-family-number-violating decays ??e? and ???? has been performed using CLEO II data. No evidence of a signal has been found and the corresponding upper limits are B(??e?)<2.7×10(-6) and B(????)<3.0×10(-6) at 90% C.L....

Baringer, Philip S.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

O?[]O? nuclear ?-decay of ?²Ga  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The branching ratio for the ?-Decay of ?²Ga to the first excited O? state in ?²Zn has been measured. It is possible to use this branching ratio to test the theoretical method of calculating the [] component of the charge correction term [], which...

Hyman, Bruce Carl

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

289

Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay and ??Mass Determination  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The search for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay could improve our knowledge on neutrino properties. After a brief discussion on the implications of the observation of this rare process I will introduce the experimental approaches and review the prospects of the search for this nuclear transition.

M. Pedretti

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Temperature-package power correlations for open-mode geologic disposal concepts.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Logistical simulation of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) management in the U.S. combines storage, transportation and disposal elements to evaluate schedule, cost and other resources needed for all major operations leading to final geologic disposal. Geologic repository reference options are associated with limits on waste package thermal power output at emplacement, in order to meet limits on peak temperature for certain key engineered and natural barriers. These package power limits are used in logistical simulation software such as CALVIN, as threshold requirements that must be met by means of decay storage or SNF blending in waste packages, before emplacement in a repository. Geologic repository reference options include enclosed modes developed for crystalline rock, clay or shale, and salt. In addition, a further need has been addressed for open modes in which SNF can be emplaced in a repository, then ventilated for decades or longer to remove heat, prior to permanent repository closure. For each open mode disposal concept there are specified durations for surface decay storage (prior to emplacement), repository ventilation, and repository closure operations. This study simulates those steps for several timing cases, and for SNF with three fuel-burnup characteristics, to develop package power limits at which waste packages can be emplaced without exceeding specified temperature limits many years later after permanent closure. The results are presented in the form of correlations that span a range of package power and peak postclosure temperature, for each open-mode disposal concept, and for each timing case. Given a particular temperature limit value, the corresponding package power limit for each case can be selected for use in CALVIN and similar tools.

Hardin, Ernest L.

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

An Instability due to the Nonlinear Coupling of p-modes to g-modes: Implications for Coalescing Neutron Star Binaries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A weakly nonlinear fluid wave propagating within a star can be unstable to three-wave interactions. The resonant parametric instability is a well-known form of three-wave interaction in which a primary wave of frequency ? a excites a pair of secondary waves of frequency ? b + ? c ? a . Here we consider a nonresonant form of three-wave interaction in which a low-frequency primary wave excites a high-frequency p-mode and a low-frequency g-mode such that ? b + ? c ? a . We show that a p-mode can couple so strongly to a g-mode of similar radial wavelength that this type of nonresonant interaction is unstable even if the primary wave amplitude is small. As an application, we analyze the stability of the tide in coalescing neutron star binaries to p-g mode coupling. We find that the equilibrium tide and dynamical tide are both p-g unstable at gravitational wave frequencies f gw 20 Hz and drive short wavelength p-g mode pairs to significant energies on very short timescales (much less than the orbital decay time due to gravitational radiation). Resonant parametric coupling to the tide is, by contrast, either stable or drives modes at a much smaller rate. We do not solve for the saturation of the p-g instability and therefore we cannot say precisely how it influences the evolution of neutron star binaries. However, we show that if even a single daughter mode saturates near its wave breaking amplitude, the p-g instability of the equilibrium tide will (1) induce significant orbital phase errors (? 1 radian) that accumulate primarily at low frequencies (f gw 50 Hz) and (2) heat the neutron star core to a temperature of T ~ 1010 K. Since there are at least ~100 unstable p-g daughter pairs, ? and T are potentially much larger than these values. Tides might therefore significantly influence the gravitational wave signal and electromagnetic emission from coalescing neutron star binaries at much larger orbital separations than previously thought.

Nevin N. Weinberg; Phil Arras; Joshua Burkart

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Measuring CP violation in 3- and 4-body decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multibody charm decays have a rich phenomenology and potentially unique sensitivity to CP violation. In these proceedings we discuss recent results, challenges and prospects in searches for CP violation in three and four body charm decays.

Jonas Rademacker

2013-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

293

Leptonic $D_s$ decays at $B$-factories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review recent measurements of leptonic $D_s$-meson decays performed by Belle and BaBar collaborations. Described measurements enable experimental extraction of the $D_s$-meson decay constant which can be compared with lattice QCD calculations.

A. Zupanc

2013-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

294

Sensitivity of CUORE to Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sensitivity of CUORE to Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay b c,:Results of the Search for Neutrinoless D o u b l e - B e t ah e i n a , Evidence for neutrinoless double beta decay, M o

Alessandria, F.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

A Search for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay of Te-130  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bolometric experiments for neutrinoless double beta 3.2.1A Search for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay of Te by AdamSpring 2010 A Search for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay of

Bryant, Adam Douglas

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Hybrid meson decay from lattice QCD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Besides the conventional hadrons containing valence quarks and valence antiquarks, quantum chromodynamics (QCD) suggests the existence of the hybrid hadrons containing valence gluons in addition to the quarks and antiquarks, and some experiments may have found some. A decisive experimental confirmation of its existence, however, is still needed. At present, lattice simulations have offered the practicable ways of theoretically guiding us to search for the hybrid states. In this dissertation, we study the spectroscopy and the decay rate of the heavy hybrid mesons made of a heavy $b$ quark, a heavy $\\bar b$ antiquark, and a gluon ($b\\bar{b}g$) to selected channels, and use lattice methods to extract the transition matrix elements in full QCD. We are particular interested in the spin-exotic hybrid mesons. For sufficiently heavy quarks (e.g., $b$ quark), we use the leading Born-Oppenheimer (LBO) approximation to calculate the static potential energy at all $b\\bar{b}$ separations. Then, by solving the Schr\\"odinger equation with this potential, we reconstruct the motion of the heavy quarks. In a similar way we can determine decay rates. In this dissertation, we use the numerical lattice method to calculate the mass of the $f_0$ meson at a single lattice spacing and light quark mass, namely, $m_{f_0} = (768 \\pm 136)$ MeV. Most of all we consider the decay channels involving the production of a scalar meson. We obtain the partial decay rate ($\\Gamma$) for the channel $ H \\rightarrow \\chi_b + \\pi + \\pi $, namely, $ \\Gamma = 3.62(98)$ MeV. All of our results are consistent with those of other researchers. Knowledge of the masses and the decay rates should help us considerably in experimental searches for the hybrid mesons.

Ziwen Fu

2011-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

297

/ Search for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay with CUORE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

neutrinoless double beta decay (??0?) in 130 Te and other rare processes. The observation of ??0? would

Elena Ferri

298

CP violation in fermion pair decays of neutral boson particles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study CP violation in fermion pair decays of neutral boson particles with spin 0 or 1. We study a new asymmetry to measure CP violation in ?, KL??+?- decays and discuss the possibility of measuring it experimentally. For the spin-1 particles case, we study CP violation in the decays of J/? to SU(3) octet baryon pairs. We show that these decays can be used to put stringent constraints on the electric dipole moments of ?, ?, and ?.

Xiao-Gang He; J. P. Ma; Bruce McKellar

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

CP violation for neutral charmed meson decays into CP eigenstates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The CP asymmetries for the decays of the neutral charmed meson into CP eigenstates are carefully studied. Formulas and numerical...

Dong-Sheng Du

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Hadronic B_u and B_d decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I present latest measurements from the B factories of branching fractions for B meson decays to hadronic two- and three-body final states. These include the rate of doubly Cabibbo-suppressed charge states of charmed mesons in two-body decays, charmed baryons and other structure seen in baryonic B decays, and charmless mesonic two-body decays in comparison with estimates from theory.

W. T. Ford

2008-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n1875 decay modes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Search for neutrinoless decays of the tau lepton  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The upper limits obtained for 22 decay branching fractions are several times more stringent than those set previously....

Ammar, Raymond G.; Ball, S.; Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Besson, David Zeke; Coppage, Don; Copty, N.; Davis, Robin E. P.; Hancock, N.; Kelly, M.; Kotov, S.; Kravchenko, I.; Kwak, Nowhan; Lam, H.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Threshold resummed spectra in semi-inclusive B decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I discuss some aspects of the universality of soft gluon dynamics in semileptonic and radiative decays at the threshold region.

Giulia Ricciardi

2006-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

303

Observation of Electromagnetic Dalitz decays J/?\\to P e^+e^-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Based on a sample of (225.3\\pm2.8)\\times 10^{6} J/\\psi events collected with the BESIII detector, the electromagnetic Dalitz decays of J/\\psi \\to P e^+e^-(P=\\eta'/\\eta/\\pi^0) are studied. By reconstructing the pseudoscalar mesons in various decay modes, the decays J/\\psi \\to \\eta' e^+e^-, J/\\psi \\to \\eta e^+e^- and J/\\psi \\to \\pi^0 e^+e^- are observed for the first time. The branching fractions are determined to be \\mathcal{B}(J/\\psi\\to \\eta' e^+e^-) = (5.81\\pm0.16\\pm0.31)\\times10^{-5}, \\mathcal{B}(J/\\psi\\to \\eta e^+e^-) = (1.16\\pm0.07\\pm0.06)\\times10^{-5}, and \\mathcal{B}(J/\\psi\\to \\pi^0 e^+e^-)=(7.56\\pm1.32\\pm0.50)\\times10^{-7}, where the first errors are statistical and the second ones systematic.

M. Ablikim; M. N. Achasov; X. C. Ai; O. Albayrak; M. Albrecht; D. J. Ambrose; F. F. An; Q. An; J. Z. Bai; R. Baldini Ferroli; Y. Ban; J. V. Bennett; M. Bertani; J. M. Bian; E. Boger; O. Bondarenko; I. Boyko; S. Braun; R. A. Briere; H. Cai; X. Cai; O. Cakir; A. Calcaterra; G. F. Cao; S. A. Cetin; J. F. Chang; G. Chelkov; G. Chen; H. S. Chen; J. C. Chen; M. L. Chen; S. J. Chen; X. Chen; X. R. Chen; Y. B. Chen; H. P. Cheng; X. K. Chu; Y. P. Chu; D. Cronin-Hennessy; H. L. Dai; J. P. Dai; D. Dedovich; Z. Y. Deng; A. Denig; I. Denysenko; M. Destefanis; W. M. Ding; Y. Ding; C. Dong; J. Dong; L. Y. Dong; M. Y. Dong; S. X. Du; J. Z. Fan; J. Fang; S. S. Fang; Y. Fang; L. Fava; C. Q. Feng; C. D. Fu; J. L. Fu; O. Fuks; Q. Gao; Y. Gao; C. Geng; K. Goetzen; W. X. Gong; W. Gradl; M. Greco; M. H. Gu; Y. T. Gu; Y. H. Guan; A. Q. Guo; L. B. Guo; T. Guo; Y. P. Guo; Y. L. Han; F. A. Harris; K. L. He; M. He; Z. Y. He; T. Held; Y. K. Heng; Z. L. Hou; C. Hu; H. M. Hu; J. F. Hu; T. Hu; G. M. Huang; G. S. Huang; H. P. Huang; J. S. Huang; L. Huang; X. T. Huang; Y. Huang; T. Hussain; C. S. Ji; Q. Ji; Q. P. Ji; X. B. Ji; X. L. Ji; L. L. Jiang; L. W. Jiang; X. S. Jiang; J. B. Jiao; Z. Jiao; D. P. Jin; S. Jin; T. Johansson; N. Kalantar-Nayestanaki; X. L. Kang; X. S. Kang; M. Kavatsyuk; B. Kloss; B. Kopf; M. Kornicer; W. Kuehn; A. Kupsc; W. Lai; J. S. Lange; M. Lara; P. Larin; M. Leyhe; C. H. Li; Cheng Li; Cui Li; D. Li; D. M. Li; F. Li; G. Li; H. B. Li; J. C. Li; K. Li; K. Li; Lei Li; P. R. Li; Q. J. Li; T. Li; W. D. Li; W. G. Li; X. L. Li; X. N. Li; X. Q. Li; Z. B. Li; H. Liang; Y. F. Liang; Y. T. Liang; D. X. Lin; B. J. Liu; C. L. Liu; C. X. Liu; F. H. Liu; Fang Liu; Feng Liu; H. B. Liu; H. H. Liu; H. M. Liu; J. Liu; J. P. Liu; K. Liu; K. Y. Liu; P. L. Liu; Q. Liu; S. B. Liu; X. Liu; Y. B. Liu; Z. A. Liu; Zhiqiang Liu; Zhiqing Liu; H. Loehner; X. C. Lou; G. R. Lu; H. J. Lu; H. L. Lu; J. G. Lu; X. R. Lu; Y. Lu; Y. P. Lu; C. L. Luo; M. X. Luo; T. Luo; X. L. Luo; M. Lv; F. C. Ma; H. L. Ma; Q. M. Ma; S. Ma; T. Ma; X. Y. Ma; F. E. Maas; M. Maggiora; Q. A. Malik; Y. J. Mao; Z. P. Mao; J. G. Messchendorp; J. Min; T. J. Min; R. E. Mitchell; X. H. Mo; Y. J. Mo; H. Moeini; C. Morales Morales; K. Moriya; N. Yu. Muchnoi; H. Muramatsu; Y. Nefedov; I. B. Nikolaev; Z. Ning; S. Nisar; X. Y. Niu; S. L. Olsen; Q. Ouyang; S. Pacetti; M. Pelizaeus; H. P. Peng; K. Peters; J. L. Ping; R. G. Ping; R. Poling; N. Q.; M. Qi; S. Qian; C. F. Qiao; L. Q. Qin; X. S. Qin; Y. Qin; Z. H. Qin; J. F. Qiu; K. H. Rashid; C. F. Redmer; M. Ripka; G. Rong; X. D. Ruan; A. Sarantsev; K. Schoenning; S. Schumann; W. Shan; M. Shao; C. P. Shen; X. Y. Shen; H. Y. Sheng; M. R. Shepherd; W. M. Song; X. Y. Song; S. Spataro; B. Spruck; G. X. Sun; J. F. Sun; S. S. Sun; Y. J. Sun; Y. Z. Sun; Z. J. Sun; Z. T. Sun; C. J. Tang; X. Tang; I. Tapan; E. H. Thorndike; D. Toth; M. Ullrich; I. Uman; G. S. Varner; B. Wang; D. Wang; D. Y. Wang; K. Wang; L. L. Wang; L. S. Wang; M. Wang; P. Wang; P. L. Wang; Q. J. Wang; S. G. Wang; W. Wang; X. F. Wang; Y. D. Wang; Y. F. Wang; Y. Q. Wang; Z. Wang; Z. G. Wang; Z. H. Wang; Z. Y. Wang; D. H. Wei; J. B. Wei; P. Weidenkaff; S. P. Wen; M. Werner; U. Wiedner; M. Wolke; L. H. Wu; N. Wu; Z. Wu; L. G. Xia; Y. Xia; D. Xiao; Z. J. Xiao; Y. G. Xie; Q. L. Xiu; G. F. Xu; L. Xu; Q. J. Xu; Q. N. Xu; X. P. Xu; Z. Xue; L. Yan; W. B. Yan; W. C. Yan; Y. H. Yan; H. X. Yang; L. Yang; Y. Yang; Y. X. Yang; H. Ye; M. Ye; M. H. Ye; B. X. Yu; C. X. Yu; H. W. Yu; J. S. Yu; S. P. Yu; C. Z. Yuan; W. L. Yuan; Y. Yuan; A. Yuncu; A. A. Zafar; A. Zallo; S. L. Zang; Y. Zeng; B. X. Zhang; B. Y. Zhang; C. Zhang; C. B. Zhang; C. C. Zhang; D. H. Zhang; H. H. Zhang; H. Y. Zhang; J. J. Zhang; J. Q. Zhang; J. W. Zhang; J. Y. Zhang; J. Z. Zhang; S. H. Zhang; X. J. Zhang; X. Y. Zhang; Y. Zhang; Y. H. Zhang; Z. H. Zhang; Z. P. Zhang; Z. Y. Zhang; G. Zhao; J. W. Zhao; Lei Zhao; Ling Zhao; M. G. Zhao; Q. Zhao; Q. W. Zhao; S. J. Zhao; T. C. Zhao; X. H. Zhao; Y. B. Zhao; Z. G. Zhao; A. Zhemchugov; B. Zheng; J. P. Zheng; Y. H. Zheng; B. Zhong; L. Zhou; Li Zhou; X. Zhou; X. K. Zhou; X. R. Zhou; X. Y. Zhou; K. Zhu; K. J. Zhu; S. H. Zhu; X. L. Zhu; Y. C. Zhu; Y. S. Zhu; Z. A. Zhu; J. Zhuang; B. S. Zou; J. H. Zou

2014-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

304

Search for Invisibly Decaying Higgs Bosons with Large Decay Width Using the OPAL Detector at LEP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper describes a topological search for an invisibly decaying Higgs boson,H, produced via the Bjorken process (e+e- -> HZ). The analysis is based on data recorded using the OPAL detector at LEP at centre-of-mass energies from 183 to 209 GeV corresponding to a total integrated luminosity of 629pb-1. In the analysis only hadronic decays of the Z boson are considered. A scan over Higgs boson masses from 1 to 120 GeV and decay widths from 1 to 3000 GeV revealed no indication for a signal in the data. From a likelihood ratio of expected signal and Standard Model background we determine upper limits on cross-section times branching ratio to an invisible final state. For moderate Higgs boson decay widths, these range from about 0.07pb Mh = 60GeV) to 0.57pb (Mh = 114GeV). For decay widths above 200GeV the upper limits are of the order of 0.15pb. The results can be interpreted in general scenarios predicting a large invisible decay width of the Higgs boson. As an example we interpret the results in the so-called stealthy Higgs scenario. The limits from this analysis exclude a large part of the parameter range of this scenario experimentally accessible at LEP2.

The OPAL collaboration

2006-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

305

A search for effective strangeness-changing neutral currents in K sub L sup 0 decays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Results from AGS (Alternating Gradient Synchroton) experiment {number sign} 780 at Brookhaven National Laboratory are reported for the decay modes, K{sub L}{sup 0} {yields} {mu}{sup +} + {mu}{sup {minus}} and K{sub L}{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup 0} + e{sup +} + e{sup {minus}}. The detector consisted of a charged particle spectrometer of four mini-drift chambers, two upstream and two downstream of an analyzing magnet, a hydrogen Cherenkov counter and lead glass array for electron identification, and a muon filter and range stack consisting of a series of iron slabs followed by arrays of scintillator counters. Several additional counter arrays provided trigger level particle identification and event topology. Di-lepton triggers were accepted for {mu} + e, e + e and {mu} + {mu}. Two charged pion triggers were accepted for normalization to the Cp violating decay K{sub L}{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup +} + {pi}{sup {minus}}, and to K{sub L}{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup 0} + {pi}{sup +} + {pi}{sup {minus}}. Two events consistent with the decay K{sub L}{sup 0} {yields} {mu}{sup +} + {mu}{sup {minus}} were observed with a single event sensitivity of 4.6 {times} 10{sup {minus}9}. This result is consistent with the established branching ratio of (9.1 {plus minus} 1.9) {times} 10{sup {minus}9}. While the sensitivity achieved in experiment {number sign} 780 did not allow for an improved measurement of this decay mode, the result is important as a check of the sensitivity established using the K{sub L}{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup +} + {pi}{sup {minus}} decays. One event consistent with K{sub L}{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup 0} + e{sup +} + e{sup {minus}} was observed with a single event sensitivity of 2 {times} 10{sup {minus}7} for the observed lepton pair mass of 328 MeV/c{sup 2}.

Mannelli, E.B.M.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Diffractive pion production at COMPASS -- First results on 3$?$ final states - neutral mode  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The COMPASS experiment at CERN is designed for light hadron spectroscopy with emphasis on the detection of new states, in particular the search for exotic states and glue-balls. After a short pilot run in 2004 (190 GeV/c negative pion beam, lead target) showing significant production strength for an exotic $J^{PC}=1^{-+}$ state at 1.66\\,GeV/${\\rm c^2}$, we have collected data with a 190 GeV/c negative charged hadron beam on a proton (liquid hydrogen) and nuclear targets in 2008 and 2009. The spectrometer features good coverage by electromagnetic calorimetry, and our data provide excellent opportunity for simultaneous observation of new states in two different decay modes in the same experiment. The diffractively produced $(3\\pi)^{-}$ system for example can be studied in both modes $\\pi^{-}p \\rightarrow \\pi^{-}\\pi^{+}\\pi^{-}p$ and $\\pi^{-}~p \\rightarrow \\pi^{-}\\pi^{0}\\pi^{0}~p$. Charged and neutral mode rely on completely different parts of the spectrometer. Observing a new state in both modes provides important cross-check. First results of a preliminary PWA performed on the 2008 data are presented.

Frank Nerling for the COMPASS Collaboration

2010-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

307

Measurement of CP Violation in B[0 over s] ? ?? decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A measurement of the decay time-dependent CP-violating asymmetry in B[0 over s] ? ?? decays is presented, along with measurements of the T-odd triple-product asymmetries. In this decay channel, the CP-violating weak phase ...

Counts, Ian Thomas Hunt

308

Effect of resonance decays on hadron elliptic flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Within the quark coalescence model, we study effects of resonance decays, and of the quark momentum distribution in hadrons, on the elliptic flows of stable hadrons. We find that, with the exception of rho-meson decays, the resonance decays could...

Greco, V.; Ko, Che Ming.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

The Majorana Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay Experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Majorana Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay Experiment Pre-conceptual Design Proposal November 22 Motivation for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay Experiments . . . . . . . . . 4 2.1.1 Community Guidance Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay Results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 2.5 Next

Washington at Seattle, University of - Department of Physics, Electroweak Interaction Research Group

310

Sensitivity of CUORE to Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of CUORE to Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay b c,:L d e f F .s t results on neutrinoless double beta decay of T e w i t hthe study of neutrinoless double beta decay, J . C r y s t .

Alessandria, F.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Guiding Center Equations for Ideal Magnetohydrodynamic Modes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Guiding center simulations are routinely used for the discovery of mode-particle resonances in tokamaks, for both resistive and ideal instabilities and to find modifications of particle distributions caused by a given spectrum of modes, including large scale avalanches during events with a number of large amplitude modes. One of the most fundamental properties of ideal magnetohydrodynamics is the condition that plasma motion cannot change magnetic topology. The conventional representation of ideal magnetohydrodynamic modes by perturbing a toroidal equilibrium field through ?~B = ? X (? X B) however perturbs the magnetic topology, introducing extraneous magnetic islands in the field. A proper treatment of an ideal perturbation involves a full Lagrangian displacement of the field due to the perturbation and conserves magnetic topology as it should. In order to examine the effect of ideal magnetohydrodynamic modes on particle trajectories the guiding center equations should include a correct Lagrangian treatment. Guiding center equations for an ideal displacement ? are derived which perserve the magnetic topology and are used to examine mode particle resonances in toroidal confinement devices. These simulations are compared to others which are identical in all respects except that they use the linear representation for the field. Unlike the case for the magnetic field, the use of the linear field perturbation in the guiding center equations does not result in extraneous mode particle resonances.

Roscoe B. White

2013-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

312

Mixed Mode Fuel Injector And Injection System  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fuel injector includes a homogenous charge nozzle outlet set and a conventional nozzle outlet set that are controlled respectively by first and second three way needle control valves. Each fuel injector includes first and second concentric needle valve members. One of the needle valve members moves to an open position for a homogenous charge injection event, while the other needle valve member moves to an open position for a conventional injection event. The fuel injector has the ability to operate in a homogenous charge mode with a homogenous charge spray pattern, a conventional mode with a conventional spray pattern or a mixed mode.

Stewart, Chris Lee (Normal, IL); Tian, Ye (Bloomington, IL); Wang, Lifeng (Normal, IL); Shafer, Scott F. (Morton, IL)

2005-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

313

Azimuthal Asymmetries and Vibrational Modes in Bubble Pinch-off  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The pressure-driven inertial collapse of a cylindrical void in an inviscid liquid is an integrable, Hamiltonian system that forms a finite-time singularity as the radius of the void collapses to zero. Here it is shown that when the natural cylindrical symmetry of the void is perturbed azimuthally, the perturbation modes neither grow nor decay, but instead cause constant amplitude vibrations about the leading-order symmetric collapse. Though the amplitudes are frozen in time, they grow relative to the mean radius which is collapsing to zero, eventually overtaking the leading-order symmetric implosion. Including weak viscous dissipation destroys the integrability of the underlying symmetric implosion, and the effect on the stability spectrum is that short-wavelength disturbances are now erased as the implosion proceeds. Introducing a weak rotational flow component to the symmetric implosion dynamics causes the vibrating shapes to spin as the mean radius collapses. The above theoretical scenario is compared to a closely related experimental realization of void implosion: the disconnection of an air bubble from an underwater nozzle. There, the thin neck connecting the bubble to the nozzle implodes primarily radially inward and disconnects. Recent experiments were able to induce vibrations of the neck shape by releasing the bubble from a slot-shaped nozzle. The frequency and amplitude of the observed vibrations are consistent with the theoretical prediction once surface tension effects are taken into account.

Laura E. Schmidt

2011-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

314

Competition between $\\beta$-delayed proton and $\\beta$-delayed $\\gamma$ decay of the exotic $T_z$ = -2 nucleus $^{56}$Zn and fragmentation of the IAS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A very exotic decay mode at the proton drip-line, $\\beta$-delayed $\\gamma$-proton decay, has been observed in the $\\beta$ decay of the $T_z$ = -2 nucleus $^{56}$Zn. Three $\\gamma$-proton sequences have been observed following the $\\beta$ decay. The fragmentation of the IAS in $^{56}$Cu has also been observed for the first time. The results were reported in a recent publication. At the time of publication the authors were puzzled by the competition between proton and $\\gamma$ decays from the main component of the IAS. Here we outline a possible explanation based on the nuclear structure properties of the three nuclei involved, namely $^{56}$Zn, $^{56}$Cu and $^{55}$Ni, close to the doubly magic nucleus $^{56}$Ni. From the fragmentation of the Fermi strength and the excitation energy of the two populated 0$^{+}$ states we could deduce the off-diagonal matrix element of the charge-dependent part of the Hamiltonian responsible for the mixing. These results are compared with the decay of $^{55}$Cu with one proton ...

Rubio, B; Fujita, Y; Blank, B; Gelletly, W; Agramunt, J; Algora, A; Ascher, P; Bilgier, B; Cáceres, L; Cakirli, R B; Fujita, H; Ganioglu, E; Gerbaux, M; Giovinazzo, J; Grévy, S; Kamalou, O; Kozer, H C; Kucuk, L; Kurtukian-Nieto, T; Molina, F; Popescu, L; Rogers, A M; Susoy, G; Stodel, C; Suzuki, T; Tamii, A; Thomas, J C

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

CP violation in neutral-B decays to CP eigenstates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

CP asymmetries in neutral-B decays to CP eigenstates are studied in the standard model. Whereas usually one assumes a single decay amplitude which induces CP violation via B-B¯ mixing, we investigate additional effects due to two interfering decay amplitudes. We estimate these effects in characteristic cases and suggest ways to experimentally distinguish between these two sources of asymmetries. The effects, which show up as time-integrated asymmetries at symmetric e+e- colliders operating at the ?(4S), are quite small in Kobayashi-Maskawa- (KM) allowed decays such as as Bd0?KS? and become large in KM-suppressed decays.

Michael Gronau

1989-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

316

Characterization of core and edge turbulence in L- and enhanced D{sub {alpha}} H-mode Alcator C-Mod plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The recently upgraded phase-contrast imaging (PCI) diagnostic is used to characterize the transition from the low (L) to the enhanced D{sub {alpha}} (EDA) high (H) confinement mode in Alcator C-Mod [I. H. Hutchinson, R. Boivin, F. Bombarda et al., Phys. Plasmas 1, 1511 (1994)] plasmas. PCI yields information on line integrated density fluctuations along vertical chords. The number of channels has been increased from 12 to 32 and the sampling rate from 1 MHz to 10 MHz. This expansion of diagnostic capabilities is used to study broadband turbulence in L and EDA H mode and to analyze the quasicoherent (QC) mode associated with EDA H mode. Changes in broadband turbulence at the transition from L to EDA H mode can be interpreted as an effect of the Doppler rotation of the bulk plasma. Additional fluctuation measurements of D{sub {alpha}} light and the poloidal magnetic field show features correlated with PCI in two different frequency ranges at the transition. The backtransition from EDA H to L mode, the so-called enhanced neutron (EN) mode, is investigated by new high frequency (132 and 140 GHz) reflectometer channels operating in the ordinary (O) mode. This additional hardware has been installed in an effort to study localized turbulence associated with internal transport barriers (ITBs). The EN mode is a suitable candidate for this study, since an ITB exists transiently as the outer density decreases much faster than the core density in this mode. The fact that the density decays from the outside inward allows us to study fluctuations progressing towards the plasma core. Our results mark the first localized observation of the QC mode at medium density: 2.2x10{sup 20} m{sup -3} (132 GHz). Correlating the reflectometry measurements with other fluctuating quantities provides some insight regarding the causality of the EN-mode development.

Basse, N.P.; Edlund, E.M.; Ernst, D.R.; Fiore, C.L.; Greenwald, M.J.; Hubbard, A.E.; Hughes, J.W.; Irby, J.H.; Lin, L.; Lin, Y.; Marmar, E.S.; Mossessian, D.A.; Porkolab, M.; Rice, J.E.; Snipes, J.A.; Stillerman, J.A.; Terry, J.L.; Wolfe, S.M.; Wukitch, S.J.; Zhurovich, K. [Plasma Science and Fusion Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States)] [and others

2005-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

317

Differential rotation of nonlinear r-modes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The differential rotation of r-modes is investigated within the nonlinear theory up to second order in the mode amplitude in the case of a slowly rotating, Newtonian, barotropic, perfect-fluid star. We find a nonlinear extension of the linear r-mode, which represents differential rotation that produces large scale drifts of fluid elements along stellar latitudes. This solution includes a piece induced by first-order quantities and another one that is a pure second-order effect. Since the latter is stratified on cylinders, it cannot cancel differential rotation induced by first-order quantities, which is not stratified on cylinders. It is shown that, unlike the situation in the linearized theory, r-modes do not preserve the vorticity of fluid elements at second order. It is also shown that the physical angular momentum and energy of the perturbation are, in general, different from the corresponding canonical quantities.

Paulo M. Sá

2004-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

318

PLASTIC DEFORMATIONPLASTIC DEFORMATION Modes of Deformation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PLASTIC DEFORMATIONPLASTIC DEFORMATION Modes of Deformation The Uniaxial Tension Test Mechanisms underlying Plastic Deformation Strengthening mechanisms Mechanical Metallurgy George E Dieter McClick here to know about all the mechanisms by which materials fail #12;Slip (Dislocation motion) Plastic

Subramaniam, Anandh

319

Whispering-gallery-mode-based seismometer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A whispering-gallery-mode-based seismometer provides for receiving laser light into an optical fiber, operatively coupling the laser light from the optical fiber into a whispering-gallery-mode-based optical resonator, operatively coupling a spring of a spring-mass assembly to a housing structure; and locating the whispering-gallery-mode-based optical resonator between the spring-mass assembly and the housing structure so as to provide for compressing the whispering-gallery-mode-based optical resonator between the spring-mass assembly and the housing structure responsive to a dynamic compression force from the spring-mass assembly responsive to a motion of the housing structure relative to an inertial frame of reference.

Fourguette, Dominique Claire; Otugen, M Volkan; Larocque, Liane Marie; Ritter, Greg Aan; Meeusen, Jason Jeffrey; Ioppolo, Tindaro

2014-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

320

Rotary Mode Core Sample System availability improvement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Rotary Mode Core Sample System (RMCSS) is used to obtain stratified samples of the waste deposits in single-shell and double-shell waste tanks at the Hanford Site. The samples are used to characterize the waste in support of ongoing and future waste remediation efforts. Four sampling trucks have been developed to obtain these samples. Truck I was the first in operation and is currently being used to obtain samples where the push mode is appropriate (i.e., no rotation of drill). Truck 2 is similar to truck 1, except for added safety features, and is in operation to obtain samples using either a push mode or rotary drill mode. Trucks 3 and 4 are now being fabricated to be essentially identical to truck 2.

Jenkins, W.W.; Bennett, K.L.; Potter, J.D. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States); Cross, B.T.; Burkes, J.M.; Rogers, A.C. [Southwest Research Institute (United States)

1995-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n1875 decay modes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Two-Mode Theory of BEC Interferometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A theory of BEC interferometry in an unsymmetrical double-well trap has been developed for small boson numbers, based on the two-mode approximation. The bosons are initially in the lowest mode of a single well trap, which is split into a double well and then recombined. Possible fragmentations into separate BEC states in each well during the splitting/recombination process are allowed for. The BEC is treated as a giant spin system, the fragmented states are eigenstates of S^2 and Sz. Self-consistent sets of equations for the amplitudes of the fragmented states and for the two single boson mode functions are obtained. The latter are coupled Gross-Pitaevskii equations. Interferometric effects may be measured via boson numbers in the first excited mode

B J Dalton

2007-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

322

Probing the XYZ states through radiative decays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this work, we adopt the spin rearrangement scheme in the heavy quark limit and extensively investigate three classes of the radiative decays: M?(bb¯)+?, (bb¯)?M+?, M?M?+? corresponding to the electromagnetic transitions between one molecular (resonant) state and bottomonium, one bottomonium and molecular (resonant) state, and two molecular (resonant) states, respectively. We also extend the same formalism to study the radiative decays of the molecular (resonant) states with hidden charm. We derive some model-independent ratios when the initial or final states belong to the same spin-flavor multiplet. Future experimental measurement of these ratios will test the molecular picture and explore the underlying structures of the XYZ states.

Li Ma; Zhi-Feng Sun; Xiao-Hai Liu; Wei-Zhen Deng; Xiang Liu; Shi-Lin Zhu

2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

323

Search for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

After the pioneering work of the Heidelberg-Moscow (HDM) and International Germanium Experiment (IGEX) groups, the second round of neutrinoless double-$\\beta$ decay searches currently underway has or will improve the life-time limits of double-$\\beta$ decay candidates by a factor of two to three, reaching in the near future the $T_{1/2} = 3 \\times 10^{25}$ yr level. This talk will focus on the large-scale experiments GERDA, EXO-200, and KamLAND-Zen, which have reported already lower half-life time limits in excess of $10^{25}$ yr. Special emphasis is given to KamLAND-Zen, which is expected to approach the inverted hierarchy regime before future 1-ton experiments probe completely this life-time or effective neutrino-mass regime, which starts at $\\approx 2 \\times 10^{26}$ yr or $\\approx 50$ meV.

Tornow, Werner

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Baryon number violation in particle decays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It has been argued in the past that in baryogenesis via out-of-equilibrium decays one must consider loop diagrams that contain more than one baryon number violating coupling. In this paper we argue that the requirement with regard to baryon number violating couplings in loop diagrams is that the interaction between the intermediate on-shell particles and the final particles should correspond to a net change in baryon number and that this can be satisfied even if the loop diagram contains only one baryon number violating coupling. Put simply, we show that to create a baryon asymmetry there should be net B violation to the right of the “cut” in the loop diagram. This is of relevance to some works involving the out-of-equilibrium decay scenario.

Rathin Adhikari and Raghavan Rangarajan

2002-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

325

Searches for very rare decays of kaons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The physics motivation for searches for very rare kaon decays, either forbidden or suppressed within the Standard Model, is briefly discussed. Simple arguments conclude that such searches probe possible new forces at a 200 TeV mass scale or constitute a precision test of the electroweak model. The examples of such process are decays of K{sub L}{sup 0} {yields} {mu} {sup {+-}}e{sup -+}, K{sup +} {yields} {pi}{sup +} {mu}{sup +} e{sup -}, K{sub L}{sup 0} {yields} {mu}{sup +} {mu}{sup -}, and K{sup +} {yields} {pi} {yields} {pi}{sup +}{nu}{bar {nu}}. We present the current experimental status and describe the new efforts to reach sensitivities down to one part in 10{sup 12}. The discussion is focused on the experimental program at the Alternating Gradient Synchrotron at Brookhaven National Laboratory, where intense beams make such studies possible.

Lang, K. [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Axions from cosmic string and wall decay  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

If inflation occurred with a reheat temperature > T{sub PQ}, axions from the decay of global axion strings and domain walls would make an important contribution to the cosmological energy density, comparable to that from vacuum misalignment. Several groups have numerically studied the evolution of axion strings and walls in the past, however substantial uncertainties remain in their contribution to the present density {Omega}{sub a,string+wall} {approx} 1-100 (f{sub a}/10{sup 12} GeV){sup 7/6}, where f{sub a} is the axion decay constant. I will describe the numerical methods used in our simulations and show results for several string and wall configurations.

Hagmann, C A

2010-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

327

$B\\to ?\\ell^{+}\\ell^{-}$ decays revisited in the standard model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new estimate is presented of the dileptonic $B$ decays $B\\to\\pi\\ell^+\\ell^-(\\ell=e,\\mu,\\tau)$ in naive factorization within the standard-model (SM) framework. Using a combination of several approaches, we investigate the behavior of the $B\\to \\pi$ form factors in the entire region of the momentum transfer squared $q^2$. For the vector and scalar form factors, we employ the light cone sum rule (LCSR) with a chiral current correlator to estimate, at twist-2 next-to-leading order (NLO) accuracy, their shapes in small and intermediate kinematical region. Then a simultaneous fit to a Bourrely-Caprini-Lellouch (BCL) parametrization is performed of the sum rule predictions and the corresponding lattice QCD (LQCD) results available at some high $q^2$'s. The same approach is applied for the tensor form factor, except that at large $q^2$ we use as input the LQCD data on the corresponding $B\\to K$ form factor in combination with a $SU_F(3)$ symmetry breaking ansatz. Employing the fitted BCL parameterizations, we evaluate, as an illustrative example, several of the observables of the charged decay modes $B^-\\to\\pi^-\\ell^+\\ell^-$, including the dilepton invariant mass distribution and branching ratio. For the dielectron and dimuon modes, the branching ratios are estimated at $\\mathcal{B}(B^-\\to\\pi^-e^+e^-)=(2.263^{+0.227}_{-0.192})\\times10^{-8}$ and $\\mathcal{B}(B^-\\to\\pi^-\\mu^+\\mu^-)=(2.259^{+0.226}_{-0.191}) \\times10^{-8}$. The latter shows an excellent agreement with the recent experimental measurement at LHCb and hence puts a stringent constraint on the contribution from possible new physics. We arrive at, for the ditau mode, $\\mathcal{B}(B^-\\to\\pi^-\\tau^+\\tau^-)=(1.017^{+0.118}_{-0.139})\\times10^{-8}$, which is one order of magnitude larger than the existing theoretical predictions.

Zuo-Hong Li; Zong-Guo Si; Ying Wang; Nan Zhu

2014-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

328

Reliability analysis of safety grade decay heat removal system of Indian prototype fast breeder reactor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The 500 MW Indian pool type Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor (PFBR), is provided with two independent and diverse Decay Heat Removal (DHR) systems viz., Operating Grade Decay Heat Removal System (OGDHRS) and Safety Grade Decay Heat Removal System (SGDHRS). OGDHRS utilizes the secondary sodium loops and Steam–Water System with special decay heat removal condensers for DHR function. The unreliability of this system is of the order of 0.1–0.01. The safety requirements of the present generation of fast reactors are very high, and specifically for DHR function the failure frequency should be less than ?1E-7/ry. Therefore, a passive SGDHR system using four completely independent thermo-siphon loops in natural convection mode is provided to ensure adequate core cooling for all Design Basis Events. The very high reliability requirement for DHR function is achieved mainly with the help of SGDHRS. This paper presents the reliability analysis of SGDHR system. Analysis is performed by Fault Tree method using ‘CRAFT’ software developed at Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research. This software has special features for compact representation and CCF analysis of high redundancy safety systems encountered in nuclear reactors. Common Cause Failures (CCF) are evaluated by ? factor method. The reliability target for SGDHRS arrived from DHR reliability requirement and the ultimate number of demands per year (7/y) on SGDHRS is that the failure frequency should be ?1.4E-8/de. Since it is found from the analysis that the unreliability of SGDHRS with identical loops is 5.2E-6/de and dominated by leak rates of components like AHX, DHX and sodium dump and isolation valves, options with diversity measures in important components were studied. The failure probability of SGDHRS for a design consisting of 2 types of diverse loops (Diverse AHX, DHX and sodium dump and isolation valves) is 2.1E-8/de, which practically meets the reliability requirement.

A. John Arul; C. Senthil Kumar; S. Athmalingam; Om Pal Singh; K. Suryaprakasa Rao

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Electroweak Corrections to the Top Quark Decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have calculated the one-loop electroweak corrections to the decay t-> bW+, including the counterterm for the CKM matrix elements V(tb). Previous calculations used an incorrect delta V(tb) that led to a gauge dependent amplitude. However, since the contribution stemming from delta V(tb) is small, those calculations only underestimate the width by roughly one part in 10^5.

S. M. Oliveira; L. Bruecher; R. Santos; A. Barroso

2001-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

330

Texas Feedgrain Flows and Transportation Modes, 1974.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ELEVATO RS AND FEEDMILLS . . . Destinations ............................ . .... . . . Modes of Transpo rtation of Grain Shipments ... .. . Destinations of Intraregi on and Interregion S Modes o f Transportation of Intraregion and Interregion Shipments.... Texas feedyards, receiving almost 31 per cent of the grain sorghum shipments of the elevators, ranked as the second most important market outlet. The remainder of the shipments was to out-of-state destinations (6.4 percent) and other Texas elevators...

Fuller, Stephen W.; Knudson, L. Bruce

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Singular Modes of the Electromagnetic Field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that the mode corresponding to the point of essential spectrum of the electromagnetic scattering operator is a vector-valued distribution representing the square root of the three-dimensional Dirac's delta function. An explicit expression for this singular mode in terms of the Weyl sequence is provided and analyzed. An essential resonance thus leads to a perfect localization (confinement) of the electromagnetic field, which in practice, however, may result in complete absorption.

Neil V. Budko; Alexander B. Samokhin

2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

332

Singular Modes of the Electromagnetic Field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that the mode corresponding to the point of essential spectrum of the electromagnetic scattering operator is a vector-valued distribution representing the square root of the three-dimensional Dirac's delta function. An explicit expression for this singular mode in terms of the Weyl sequence is provided and analyzed. An essential resonance thus leads to a perfect localization (confinement) of the electromagnetic field, which in practice, however, may result in complete absorption.

Budko, N V; Budko, Neil V.; Samokhin, Alexander B.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Electroweak strings, zero modes and baryon number  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Dirac equations for leptons and quarks in the background of an electroweak Z—string have zero mode solutions. If two loops of electroweak string are linked, the zero modes on one of the loops interacts with the other loop via an Aharanov-Bohm interaction. The effects of this interaction are briefly discussed and it is shown that the fermions induce a baryon number on linked loops of Z—string.

Tanmay Vachaspati

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

The Particle Adventure | Particle decays and annihiliations | Neutron beta  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Particle decays and annihiliations > Neutron beta Particle decays and annihiliations > Neutron beta decays Neutron beta decays A neutron (udd) decays to a proton (uud), an electron, and an antineutrino. This is called neutron beta decay. (The term beta ray was used for electrons in nuclear decays because they didn't know they were electrons!) Frame 1: The neutron (charge = 0) made of up, down, down quarks. Frame 2: One of the down quarks is transformed into an up quark. Since the down quark has a charge of -1/3 and and the up quark has a charge of 2/3, it follows that this process is mediated by a virtual W- particle, which carries away a (-1) charge (thus charge is conserved!) Frame 3: The new up quark rebounds away from the emitted W-. The neutron now has become a proton. Frame 4: An electron and antineutrino emerge from the virtual W- boson.

335

{CP} Violation in Flavor Tagged $B_s \\to J/\\psi \\phi$ Decays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this dissertation, we present the results of a time-dependent angular analysis of B{sub s} {yields} J/{psi}{phi} decays performed with the use of initial-state flavor tagging. CP violation is observed in this mode through the interference of decay without net mixing and decay with net mixing, that is, B{sub s} {yields} J/{psi}{phi} and B{sub s} {yields} {bar B}{sub s} {yields} J/{psi}{phi}. The time-dependent angular analysis is used to extract the decay widths of the heavy and light B{sub s} eigenstates and the difference between these decay widths {Delta}{Lambda}{sub s} {triple_bond} {Lambda}{sub s}{sup L}-{Lambda}{sub s}{sup H}. Initial-state flavor tagging is used to determine the matter-antimatter content of the B{sub s} mesons at production time. We combine flavor tagging with the angular analysis, which statistically determines the contributions of the CP-even and CP-odd components at decay time, to measure the CP-violating phase {beta}{sub s}. The phase {beta}{sub s} is expressed in terms of elements of the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix as {beta}{sub s} {triple_bond} arg (-V{sub ts}V*{sub tb}/V{sub cs}V*{sub cb}), and is predicted by the Standard Model to be close to zero, {beta}{sub s}{sup SM} = 0.02. In the measurement of {Delta}{Lambda}{sub s}, we use a dataset corresponding to 1.7 fb{sup -1} of luminosity, collected at the CDF experiment from proton-antiproton collisions at a center of mass energy {radical}s = 1.96 TeV. In the measurement of {beta}{sub s}, we use a dataset corresponding to 1.3 fb{sup -1} of collected luminosity. We measure {Delta}{Lambda}{sub s} = (0.071{sub -0.059}{sup +0.064} {+-} 0.007) ps{sup -1} using the time-dependent angular analysis. Combining the angular analysis with flavor-tagging, we find that assuming the Standard Model predictions of {beta}{sub s} and {Delta}{Lambda}{sub s}, the probability of a deviation as large as the level of the observed data is 33%. We obtain a suite of associated results which are discussed in detail in this dissertation alongside the main results.

Makhoul, Khaldoun; /MIT

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Resummed hadronic spectra of inclusive B decays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we investigate the hadronic mass spectra of inclusive B decays. Specifically, we study how an upper cut on the invariant mass spectrum, which is necessary to extract Vub, results in the breakdown of the standard perturbative expansion due to the existence of large infrared logs. We first show how the decay rate factorizes at the level of the double differential distribution. Then, we present closed form expressions for the resummed cut rate for the inclusive decays B?Xs? and B?Xue? at next-to-leading order in the infrared logs. Using these results, we determine the range of cuts for which resummation is necessary, as well as the range for which the resummed expansion itself breaks down. We also use our results to extract the leading and next to leading infrared log contribution to the two loop differential rate. We find that for the phenomenologically interesting cut values, there is only a small region where the calculation is under control. Furthermore, the size of this region is sensitive to the parameter ?¯. We discuss the viability of extracting Vub from the hadronic mass spectrum.

Adam K. Leibovich; Ian Low; I. Z. Rothstein

2000-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

337

Formation and decay of a spheromak plasma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The magnetic properties of the spheromak configuration produced by a combination of slow theta and Z discharges in the University of Maryland Spheromak experiment (MS) are reported. The magnetic structure of the plasma in MS has been mapped out by arrays of passive magnetic pickup coils. The Taylor relaxation process is observed during the formation phase. The magnetic profile evolves in such a way that the ratio of poloidal current I p to poloidal flux ? in the plasma approaches a constant value where ?0 I p =k el ?. When the spheromak is formed the magnetic field configuration is close to Taylor’s minimum energy state ?0 j=kB. This constant k is related to the size of the spheromak produced. A spheromak with 1.0 T maximum field corresponding to 650 kA poloidal current has been produced in MS. However due to the high plasma density (6–8×1020 m?3) and the presence of low?Z impurities (mainly carbon and oxygen) the plasma is radiation dominated with electron temperature ?15 eV. The magnetic field decays exponentially during the decay phase. Axisymmetric equilibrium states that could exist in the configuration are calculated with a Grad–Shafranov equilibrium code. Comparison of the numerical calculation with the experimental measurements indicates that the magnetic?field structure stays close to the equilibrium state as the plasma decays.

C. Chin?Fatt; A. W. DeSilva; G. C. Goldenbaum; R. Hess; C. Coté; A. Filuk; J.?L. Gauvreau; F. K. Hwang

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Age-dependent decay in the landscape  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The picture of the "multiverse" arising in diverse cosmological scenarios involves transitions between metastable vacuum states. It was pointed out by Krauss and Dent that the transition rates decrease at very late times, leading to a dependence of the transition probability between vacua on the age of each vacuum region. I investigate the implications of this non-Markovian, age-dependent decay on the global structure of the spacetime in landscape scenarios. I show that the fractal dimension of the eternally inflating domain is precisely equal to 3, instead of being slightly below 3 in scenarios with purely Markovian, age-independent decay. I develop a complete description of a non-Markovian landscape in terms of a nonlocal master equation. Using this description I demonstrate by an explicit calculation that, under some technical assumptions about the landscape, the probabilistic predictions of our position in the landscape are essentially unchanged, regardless of the measure used to extract these predictions. I briefly discuss the physical plausibility of realizing non-Markovian vacuum decay in cosmology in view of the possible decoherence of the metastable quantum state.

Sergei Winitzki

2007-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

339

Modes of storage ring coherent instabilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Longitudinal impedance in a beam and various modes of longitudinal coherent instabilities are discussed. The coasting beam coherent instability, microwave instability, and single-bunch longitudinal coherent instabilities are considered. The Vlasov equation is formulated, and a method of solving it is developed. The synchrotron modes are treated, which take the possible bunch shape distortion fully into consideration. A method of treating the synchrotron mode coupling in the case of a small bunch is discussed which takes advantage of the fact that only a few of the synchrotron modes can contribute in such a case. The effect of many bunches on the coherent motion of the beam and the longitudinal symmetric coupled bunch modes are discussed. The transverse impedance is then introduced, and the transverse coasting beam instability is discussed. Various bunched beam instabilities are discussed, including both single bunch instabilities and coupled bunch instabilities. The Vlasov equation for transverse as well as longitudinal motion of particles is introduced as well as a method of solving it within a linear approximation. Head-tail modes and short bunch instabilities and strong coupling instabilities in the long bunch case are covered. (LEW)

Wang, J.M.

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

The Slow Manifold of a Five-Mode Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The slow manifold of an inviscid five-mode model introduced by Lorenz is investigated. When the influence of the gravity modes on the Rossby modes is neglected, the analytical solution given by Lorenz and Krishnamurthy is generalized. When ...

John P. Boyd

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n1875 decay modes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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341

Deformation effects and neutrinoless positron ?? decay of Ru96, Pd102, Cd106, Xe124, Ba130, and Dy156 isotopes within a mechanism involving Majorana neutrino mass  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The (?+?+)0? and (??+)0? modes of Ru96, Pd102, Cd106, Xe124, Ba130, and Dy156 isotopes are studied in the projected Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov framework for the 0+?0+ transition. The reliability of the intrinsic wave functions required to study these decay modes has been established in our earlier works by obtaining an overall agreement between the theoretically calculated spectroscopic properties, namely yrast spectra, reduced B(E2:0+?2+) transition probabilities, quadrupole moments Q(2+) and gyromagnetic factors g(2+), and the available experimental data in the parent and daughter even-even nuclei. In the present work, the required nuclear transition matrix elements are calculated in the Majorana neutrino mass mechanism using the same set of intrinsic wave functions as used to study the two neutrino positron double-? decay modes. Limits on effective light neutrino mass ?m?? and effective heavy neutrino mass ?MN? are extracted from the observed limits on half-lives T1/20?(0+?0+) of (?+?+)0? and (??+)0? modes. We also investigate the effect of quadrupolar correlations vis-a-vis deformation on nuclear transition matrix elements (NTMEs) required to study the (?+?+)0? and (??+)0? modes.

P. K. Rath, R. Chandra, K. Chaturvedi, P. K. Raina, and J. G. Hirsch

2009-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

342

Matrix elements for the ground-state to ground-state 2{nu}{beta}{sup -}{beta}{sup -} decay of Te isotopes in a hybrid model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Theoretical matrix elements, for the ground-state to ground-state two-neutrino double-{beta}-decay mode (2{nu}{beta}{sup -}{beta}{sup -}gs->gs) of {sup 128,130}Te isotopes, are calculated within a formalism that describes interactions between neutrons in a superfluid phase and protons in a normal phase. The elementary degrees of freedom of the model are proton-pair modes and pairs of protons and quasineutrons. The calculation is basically a parameter-free one, because all relevant parameters are fixed from the phenomenology. A comparison with the available experimental data is presented.

Bes, D. R. [Department of Physics, Tandar Labratory, Centro Atomico Constituyentes-Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica Avda Gral Paz 1499, 1650 Gral San Martin, Argentina and (Argentina); Civitarese, O. [Department of Physics, University of La Plata, Casilla de Correo 67 1900, La Plata (Argentina)

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

343

Mode Initialization for On-line Estimation of Power System Electromechanical Modes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Measurement-based mode estimation methods are utilized to estimate electromechanical modes of a power system using phasor measurement units (PMU) data. These methods need to extract a certain amount of information before they can give useable mode estimation. Traditionally, the information is gathered solely from measurement data. Priori mode information from other resources (e.g. model eigenvalue analysis, engineering knowledge) are not fully utilized. For real time application, this means that mode estimation takes time to converge. By adding a mode regularization term in the objective function, this paper proposes a mode initialization method to include priori mode information in a regularized robust recursive least squares (R3LS) algorithm for on-line mode estimation. The proposed method is tested using a simple model, a 17 machine model and is shown to be able to shorten the convergence period of the R3LS algorithm. The proposed method is also applied on the measurement data recorded right before a major power outage in the western North American Grid on August 10th 1996 to show its potential applica-tion in detecting an approaching small signal stability problem.

Zhou, Ning; Trudnowski, Daniel; Pierre, John W.

2009-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

344

Mixed-mode diesel HCCI with External Mixture Formation: Preliminary...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Mixed-mode diesel HCCI with External Mixture Formation: Preliminary Results Mixed-mode diesel HCCI with External Mixture Formation: Preliminary Results 2003 DEER Conference...

345

Modeling Combustion Control for High Power Diesel Mode Switching  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

and Emissions Research Conference 2010 Modeling Combustion Control for High Power Diesel Mode Switching P-20 Motivation * High power LTC-diesel mode operation * Transient...

346

Modeling Combustion Control for High Power Diesel Mode Switching...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Combustion Control for High Power Diesel Mode Switching Modeling Combustion Control for High Power Diesel Mode Switching Poster presentation given at the 16th Directions in...

347

Unregulated Emissions from High-Efficiency Clean Combustion Modes...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Unregulated Emissions from High-Efficiency Clean Combustion Modes - ORNL-FEERC Unregulated Emissions from High-Efficiency Clean Combustion Modes - ORNL-FEERC Poster presentation at...

348

Fact #636: August 16, 2010 Transportation Energy Use by Mode...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

by Mode, 2008 Bar graph showing the transportation energy use by mode (buses, rail, pipeline, water, air, mediumheavy trucks, and light vehicles) for 2008. For more detailed...

349

Analysis of electromagnetic modes excited in overmoded structure terahertz source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method on electromagnetic mode analysis in overmoded structure terahertz source is studied in this paper. This mode analysis method is based on Fourier-Bessel series and the particle-in-cell simulation. The result of mode analysis shows that there are TM{sub 02} and TM{sub 03} modes present in the waveguide motivated by mode change in the discontinuity. The mode content keeps stable when the device starts to work. The magnetic field and the voltage of beam do not change the mode content to some extent. The parameters of diode affect the mode content significantly.

Li, Xiaoze; Xiao, Renzhen; Wang, Guangqiang; Zhang, Lijun; Zhang, Yuchuan; Ye, Hu [Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, P. O. Box 69-1, Xi'an 710024 (China)] [Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, P. O. Box 69-1, Xi'an 710024 (China); Wang, Jianguo [Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, P. O. Box 69-1, Xi'an 710024 (China) [Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, P. O. Box 69-1, Xi'an 710024 (China); School of Electronic and Information Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049 (China)

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

350

Single transverse mode selectively oxidized vertical cavity lasers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Vertical cavity surface emitting lasers (VCSELs) which operate in multiple transverse optical modes have been rapidly adopted into present data communication applications which rely on multi-mode optical fiber. However, operation only in the fundamental mode is required for free space interconnects and numerous other emerging VCSEL applications. Two device design strategies for obtaining single mode lasing in VCSELs based on mode selective loss or mode selective gain are reviewed and compared. Mode discrimination is attained with the use of a thick tapered oxide aperture positioned at a longitudinal field null. Mode selective gain is achieved by defining a gain aperture within the VCSEL active region to preferentially support the fundamental mode. VCSELs which exhibit greater than 3 mW of single mode output power at 850 nm with mode suppression ratio greater than 30 dB are reported.

CHOQUETTE,KENT D.; GEIB,KENT M.; BRIGGS,RONALD D.; ALLERMAN,ANDREW A.; HINDI,JANA JO

2000-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

351

NONIDEAL MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMIC TURBULENT DECAY IN MOLECULAR CLOUDS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is well known that nonideal magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) effects are important in the dynamics of molecular clouds: both ambipolar diffusion and possibly the Hall effect have been identified as significant. We present the results of a suite of simulations with a resolution of 512{sup 3} of turbulent decay in molecular clouds, incorporating a simplified form of both ambipolar diffusion and the Hall effect simultaneously. The initial velocity field in the turbulence is varied from being super-Alfvenic and hypersonic, through to trans-Alfvenic but still supersonic. We find that ambipolar diffusion increases the rate of decay of the turbulence increasing the decay from t {sup -1.25} to t {sup -1.4}. The Hall effect has virtually no impact in this regard. The power spectra of density, velocity, and the magnetic field are all affected by the nonideal terms, being steepened significantly when compared with ideal MHD turbulence with exponents. The density power-spectra components change from {approx}1.4 to {approx}2.1 for the ideal and nonideal simulations respectively, and power spectra of the other variables all show similar modifications when nonideal effects are considered. Again, the dominant source of these changes is ambipolar diffusion rather than the Hall effect. There is also a decoupling between the velocity field and the magnetic field at short length scales. The Hall effect leads to enhanced magnetic reconnection, and hence less power, at short length scales. The dependence of the velocity dispersion on the characteristic length scale is studied and found not to be power law in nature.

Downes, T. P. [School of Cosmic Physics, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 31 Fitzwilliam Place, Dublin 2 (Ireland); O'Sullivan, S. [National Centre for Plasma Science and Technology, Dublin City University, Glasnevin, Dublin 9 (Ireland)], E-mail: turlough.downes@dcu.ie

2009-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

352

Production and decay of heavy top quarks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experimental evidence indicates that the top quark exists and has a mass between 50 and 200 GeV/c{sup 2}. The decays of a top quark with a mass in this range are studied with emphasis placed on the mass region near the threshold for production of real W bosons. Topics discussed are: (1) possible enhancement of strange quark production when M{sub W} + m{sub s} < m{sub t} < M{sub W} + m{sub b}; (2) exclusive decays of T mesons to B and B{asterisk} mesons using the non-relativistic quark model; (3) polarization of intermediate W's in top quark decay as a source of information on the top quark mass. The production of heavy top quarks in an e{sup +}e{sup {minus}} collider with a center-of-mass energy of 2 TeV is studied. The effective-boson approximation for photons, Z{sup 0}'s and W's is reviewed and an analogous approximation for interfaces between photons and Z{sup 0}'s is developed. The cross sections for top quark pair production from photon-photon, photon-Z{sup 0}, Z{sup 0}Z{sup 0}, and W{sup +}W{sup {minus}} fusion are calculated using the effective-boson approximation. Production of top quarks along with anti-bottom quarks via {gamma}W{sup +} and Z{sup 0}W{sup +} fusion is studied. An exact calculation of {gamma}e{sup +} {yields} {bar {nu}}t{bar b} is made and compared with the effective-W approximation. 31 refs., 46 figs.

Kauffman, R.P.

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

2007 Raj JainCSE571SWashington University in St. Louis Modes ofModes of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, CFB, CTR 2. Privacy+Integrity 3. DES Attacks 4. 3DES and its design Ref: Chapter 4 of textbook. #12. Electronic Code Book (ECB) 2. Cipher Block Chaining (CBC) 3. Cipher Feedback Mode (CFB) 4. Output Feedback be used #12;6-10 ©2007 Raj JainCSE571SWashington University in St. Louis kk--Bit Cipher Feedback Mode (CFB

Jain, Raj

354

Looking for meson molecules in B decays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We use the QCD sum rule approach to study a {eta} Prime - {pi} molecular current. We consider an isovector-scalar I{sup G}J{sup PC} = 1{sup -}0{sup ++} molecular current. We work at leading order in {alpha}{sub s} and consider the contributions of condensates up to dimension six. We obtain a mass around 1.1 GeV, consistent with a loosely bound state. We discuss the possibility of observing this molecular state in a B threebody hadronic decay.

Nielsen, Marina; Navarra, Fernando S. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, C.P. 66318, 05389-970 Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Bediaga, Ignacio [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas, Rua Xavier Sigaud 150, 22290-180 Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

2013-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

355

Rare b hadron decays at the LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With the completion of Run~I of the CERN Large Hadron Collider, particle physics has entered a new era. The production of unprecedented numbers of heavy-flavoured hadrons in high energy proton-proton collisions allows detailed studies of flavour-changing processes. The increasingly precise measurements allow to probe the Standard Model with a new level of accuracy. Rare $b$ hadron decays provide some of the most promising approaches for such tests, since there are several observables which can be cleanly interpreted from a theoretical viewpoint. In this article, the status and prospects in this field are reviewed, with a focus on precision measurements and null tests.

Blake, T; Hiller, G

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay with Composite Neutrinos.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study in detail the contribution of heavy composite Majorana neutrinos to neutrino-less double beta decay (0???). Our analysis confirms the result of a previous estimate by two of the authors. Excited neutrinos couple to the electroweak gauge bosons through a magnetic type effective Lagrangian. The relevant nuclear matrix element is related to matrix elements available in the literature and current bounds on the half-life of 0??? are converted into bounds on the compositeness scale and/or the heavy neutrino mass. Our bounds are of the same order of magnitude as those available from accelerator experiments.

O. Panella (a; C. Carimalo (b; Y. N. Srivastava (a; A. Widom (c

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Alpha decay from fission isomeric states  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Alpha-decay half-lives from shape isomeric states of some even-even isotopes of U, Pu and Cm nuclei are calculated by using fission theory in the parametrisation of a spheroid intersected with a sphere. The potential barrier was calculated in the framework of the liquid-drop model of Myers and Swiatecki (1967) extended for systems with different charge densities; a phenomenological shell correction was introduced. The WKB computed lifetimes are many orders of magnitude longer than that of the spontaneous fission process, in agreement with experimental results.

D N Poenaru; M Ivascu

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Dental Decay Among Texas School Children.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or five decades. A vast amount of attention especially in the past ten years has been given to the subject of dental defects and their causes. Investigations include both numerous surveys and many experiments for which usually animals, but nes human... physicians and elementary super- visors knew of no hygenic program in the school at or prior to the time of this study there that might have had an influence on the dental conditions found. The marked susceptibility of the 6-year molar to decay...

Whitacre, Jessie (Jessie Opal)

1934-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Measurements of Relative K Radiative Decay Rates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Relative radiative decay rates were measured for K-shell vacancies for elements between Z=62 and 92 with a high-resolution Ge(Li) spectrometer. The ratios ?2?1, ?1??1, and ?2??1 (Siegbahn notation) were determined, with ?2?1 significantly higher (4-14%) than those reported by Beckman but in excellent agreement with recent Hartree-Slater calculations of Scofield. The ratios ?1??1 and ?2??1 do not agree with either Beckman's experiment or Scofield's calculations.

P. J. Ebert and V. W. Slivinsky

1969-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

360

Neutrino Oscillations, Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We review the experimental evidence for neutrino mixing and neutrino mass. Searches for possible branches into heavy neutrinos do not reveal evidence for static mixing with branching ratios larger than 10?4 to 10?6. Similarly neutrino oscillation experiments show no evidence for dynamic mixing in various oscillation channels. Stringent limits for ? e disappearance from a recent reactor experiment are presented. Results from neutrinoless double beta decay provide sensitive test for Majorana mass and right?hand couplings the present limits being 3–10 eV and 10?5 respectively.

F. Boehm

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n1875 decay modes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Neutrinoless double ? decay with composite neutrinos  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study in detail the contribution of heavy composite Majorana neutrinos to neutrinoless double beta decay (0???). Our analysis confirms the result of a previous estimate by two of the authors. Excited neutrinos couple to the electroweak gauge bosons through a magnetic-type effective Lagrangian. The relevant nuclear matrix element is related to matrix elements available in the literature and current bounds on the half-life of 0??? are converted into bounds on the compositeness scale and/or the heavy neutrino mass. Our bounds are of the same order of magnitude as those available from accelerator experiments.

O. Panella; C. Carimalo; Y. N. Srivastava; A. Widom

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Inclusive B decays from resummed perturbation theory.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ar X iv :h ep -p h/ 07 03 03 6v 1 4 M ar 2 00 7 Inclusive B decays from resummed perturbation theory Einan Gardi Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, J J Thomson Avenue, Cambridge, CB3 0HE, UK and Department of Applied Mathematics... for the experimentally–relevant branching fractions can be derived from resummed perturbation theory and explain the way in which the resummation further provides guidance in parametrizing non-perturbative Fermi–motion effects. Finally I address the comparison between...

Gardi, Einan

363

Detecting individual gravity modes in the Sun  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many questions are still open regarding the structure and the dynamics of the solar core. By constraining more this region in the solar evolution models, we can reduce the incertitudes on some physical processes and on momentum transport mechanisms. A first big step was made with the detection of the signature of the dipole-gravity modes in the Sun, giving a hint of a faster rotation rate inside the core. A deeper analysis of the GOLF/SoHO data unveils the presence of a pattern of peaks that could be interpreted as dipole gravity modes. In that case, those modes can be characterized, thus bringing better constraints on the rotation of the core as well as some structural parameters such as the density at these very deep layers of the Sun interior.

Garcia, R A; Eff-Darwich, A; Garrido, R; Jimenez, A; Mathis, S; Moya, A; Palle, P L; Regulo, C; Salabert, D; Suarez, J C; Turck-Chieze, S

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Contained Modes In Mirrors With Sheared Rotation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In mirrors with E × B rotation, a fixed azimuthal perturbation in the lab frame can appear as a wave in the rotating frame. If the rotation frequency varies with radius, the plasma-frame wave frequency will also vary radially due to the Doppler shift. A wave that propagates in the high rotation plasma region might therefore be evanescent at the plasma edge. This can lead to radially localized Alfven eigenmodes with high azimuthal mode numbers. Contained Alfven modes are found both for peaked and non-peaked rotation profiles. These modes might be useful for alpha channeling or ion heating, as the high azimuthal wave number allows the plasma wave frequency in the rotating frame to exceed the ion cyclotron frequency. __________________________________________________

Abraham J. Fetterman and Nathaniel J. Fisch

2010-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

365

BRIDGE: Branching Ratio Inquiry/Decay Generated Events  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the manual for the program BRIDGE: Branching Ratio Inquiry/Decay Generated Events. The program is designed to operate with arbitrary models defined within matrix element generators, so that one can simulate events with small final-state multiplicities, decay them with BRIDGE, and then pass them to showering and hadronization programs. BRI can automatically calculate widths of two and three body decays. DGE can decay unstable particles in any Les Houches formatted event file. DGE is useful for the generation of event files with long decay chains, replacing large matrix elements by small matrix elements followed by sequences of decays. BRIDGE is currently designed to work with the MadGraph/MadEvent programs for implementing and simulating new physics models. In particular, it can operate with the MadGraph implementation of the MSSM. In this manual we describe how to use BRIDGE, and present a number of sample results to demonstrate its accuracy.

Patrick Meade; Matthew Reece

2007-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

366

Bulk Viscosity, Decaying Dark Matter, and the Cosmic Acceleration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss a cosmology in which cold dark-matter particles decay into relativistic particles. We argue that such decays could lead naturally to a bulk viscosity in the cosmic fluid. For decay lifetimes comparable to the present hubble age, this bulk viscosity enters the cosmic energy equation as an effective negative pressure. We investigate whether this negative pressure is of sufficient magnitude to account fo the observed cosmic acceleration. We show that a single decaying species in a flat, dark-matter dominated cosmology without a cosmological constant cannot reproduce the observed magnitude-redshift relation from Type Ia supernovae. However, a delayed bulk viscosity, possibly due to a cascade of decaying particles may be able to account for a significant fraction of the apparent cosmic acceleration. Possible candidate nonrelativistic particles for this scenario include sterile neutrinos or gauge-mediated decaying supersymmetric particles.

James R. Wilson; Grant J. Mathews; George M. Fuller

2006-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

367

Turtle With Mad Input (trace Unlimited Rays Through Lumped Elements) -- A Computer Program For Simulating Charged Particle Beam Transport Systems And Decay Turtle Including Decay Calculations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Turtle With Mad Input (trace Unlimited Rays Through Lumped Elements) -- A Computer Program For Simulating Charged Particle Beam Transport Systems And Decay Turtle Including Decay Calculations

Carey, D C

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Search for the Higgs boson in the $\\mathrm{b\\bar{b}}$ decay channel using the CMS detector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A search for the standard model Higgs boson in the \\bbbar decay channel has been carried out with the CMS detector at the LHC collider. The searched production modes are the associated VH production, the VBF production and the production in association with top quark pairs (ttH). The analyses are based on pp collision data collected at centre-of-mass energies of 7 and 8 TeV, corresponding to integrated luminosities of 5 fb$^{-1}$ and 20 fb$^{-1}$, respectively. The strategy and results of the searches are reported.

Vernieri, Caterina

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Stabilization of Ballooning Modes by Nonparaxial Cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An analysis is made of the effect of high-curvature stabilizing nonparaxial elements (cells) on the MHD plasma stability in open confinement systems and in confinement systems with closed magnetic field lines. It is shown that the population of particles trapped in such cells has a stabilizing effect not only on convective (flute) modes but also on ballooning modes, which govern the maximum possible {beta} value. In the kinetic approach, which distinguishes between the effects of trapped and passing particles, the maximum possible {beta} values consistent with stability can be much higher than those predicted by the MHD model.

Arsenin, V.V.; Zvonkov, A.V.; Skovoroda, A.A. [Institute of Nuclear Fusion, Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute, pl. Kurchatova 1, Moscow, 123182 (Russian Federation)

2005-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

370

Nonlinear mode coupling analysis in the Tevatron  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Increased demand for higher luminosities from Fermilab proton-antiproton collider requires higher intensities and increased number of bunches. The performance of existing 6 x 6 and the proposed 36 x 36 collider is often limited by the non-linear effects arising from beam-beam interactions, in particular for high intensity beams. The tune shifts and spread from increased long range interactions combined with higher order multipoles complicates the frequency spectrum of the particle motions. TEAPOT simulation program is used to generate turn by turn data that could be used in the nonlinear mode spectrums analysis. Bispectral mode analysis is discussed.

Assadi, S.; Mishra, C.S.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

New physics in CP asymmetries and rare B decays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We review and update the effects of physics beyond the standard model on CP asymmetries in B decays. These asymmetries can be significantly altered if there are important new-physics contributions to Bq0-Bq0¯ mixing. This same new physics will, therefore, also contribute to rare, flavor-changing B decays. Through a study of such decays, we show that it is possible to partially distinguish the different models of new physics.

Michael Gronau and David London

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Flavor-changing decays of the Z into heavy neutrinos  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider flavor-changing decays of the Z boson to a fourth-generation heavy neutrino and a light neutrino, which are induced at one loop in the standard model. Such decays have a characteristic monojet signature which makes them readily distinguished experimentally, unlike flavor-changing decays involving quarks. Like other such one-loop processes, however, they are very rare when reasonable mixing angles and intermediate fermion masses are considered.

Frederick J. Gilman and Sun H. Rhie

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

On charm and beauty decays: A theorist's perspective  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present understanding of charm and bottom decays is reviewed. Special emphasis is placed on discussing the theoretical uncertainties in view of the particularly rich harvest of new data from the last year. A semi-quantitative description of D decays has emerged enabling us to address rather detailed and relatively subtle questions there, like on once and twice Cabibbo suppressed decays. Beauty physics having left its infancy is now in its adolescence; its future development towards maturity is analyzed.

Bigi, I.I.

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Modes of Operation: Der Cipher Feedback Steffen Reith  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modes of Operation: Der Cipher Feedback Mode (CFB) Steffen Reith 7. Mai 2005 Der CFB-Mode wird Shiftr Bits Shift ic r Bitsr Bits rn n r n n r r Der CFB-Mode 1 Dies ist mit Hilfe der Abbildung leicht

Vollmer, Heribert

375

Head-Tail Modes for Strong Space Charge  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Head-tail modes are described here for the space charge tune shift significantly exceeding the synchrotron tune. General equation for the modes is derived. Spatial shapes of the modes, their frequencies, and coherent growth rates are explored. The Landau damping rates are also found. Suppression of the transverse mode coupling instability by the space charge is explained.

Burov, Alexey

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

ISODEC Experiment: study and comparison of the decay mode of Ca systems at 10 AMeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 , M.Vigilante3,4 , F. Amorini6 , L. Auditore7,8 C. Beck9 , I.Berceanu10 , E. Bonnet5 , B. Borderie of nuclei. The fission barriers depend strongly upon the symmetry energy that is weakly constraining of freedom that is related to the Fermi energy level, an thus depends on the neutron-proton ratio. Thus

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

377

Searches for Leptonic B Decays at BaBar  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Measurements of the branching fractions of purely leptonic decays of B-mesons translate into constraints in the plane of the charged Higgs mass versus tan {beta} which are relatively insensitive to the particular theoretical model. Using the full BABAR dataset of 450 million B-decays we search for these decays. No significant signal is found in the decays into electrons or muons and we set upper limits on the branching fractions of the order of a 10{sup -6} at 90% confidence level. We measure the branching fraction of B {yields} {tau}{mu} to be (1.7 {+-} 0.6) x 10{sup -4}.

Nelson, Silke; /SLAC

2012-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

378

Physicists Challenge Reports of Accelerated Decay of Nuclear...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Physicists Challenge Reports of Accelerated Decay of Nuclear Excited State LIVERMORE, Calif.-Physicists from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, in collaboration with...

379

CP violation for neutral charmed meson decays to CP eigenstates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CP asymmetries for neutral charmed meson decays to CP eigenstates are carefully studied. The formulas and numerical results are presented. The impact on experiments is briefly discussed.

Dongsheng Du

2006-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

380

What can we learn from neutrinoless double beta decay experiments?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We assess how well next generation neutrinoless double beta decay and normal neutrino beta decay experiments can answer four fundamental questions. 1) If neutrinoless double beta decay searches do not detect a signal, and if the spectrum is known to be inverted hierarchy, can we conclude that neutrinos are Dirac particles? 2) If neutrinoless double beta decay searches are negative and a next generation ordinary beta decay experiment detects the neutrino mass scale, can we conclude that neutrinos are Dirac particles? 3) If neutrinoless double beta decay is observed with a large neutrino mass element, what is the total mass in neutrinos? 4) If neutrinoless double beta decay is observed but next generation beta decay searches for a neutrino mass only set a mass upper limit, can we establish whether the mass hierarchy is normal or inverted? We base our answers on the expected performance of next generation neutrinoless double beta decay experiments and on simulations of the accuracy of calculations of nuclear matrix elements.

John N. Bahcall; Hitoshi Murayama; Carlos Pena-Garay

2004-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n1875 decay modes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Lattice Boltzmann simulations of decaying homogeneous isotropic turbulence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Decaying homogeneous isotropic turbulence in inertial and rotating reference frames is investigated to evaluate the capability of the lattice Boltzmann method in turbulence. In the inertial frame case, the decay exponents of kinetic energy and dissipation and the low wave-number scaling of the spectrum are studied. The results are in agreement with classical ones. In the frame-rotation case, simulations show that the energy decay rate decreases with decreasing Rossby number as the energy cascade is inhibited by rotation, again in agreement with turbulence physics. These results clearly indicate that the lattice Boltzmann method captures important features of decaying turbulence.

Huidan Yu; Sharath S. Girimaji; Li-Shi Luo

2005-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

382

Event generator for J/? and ?(2S) decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have developed a Monte Carlo generator for simulating charmonium J/? and ?(2S) inclusive decay. In the model, charmonium decay via gluons is described by the QCD partonic theory, and the partonic hadronization is handled by the LUND model. Extended C- and G-parity conservation are assumed and abnormal suppression effects of charmonium decay are included. This model reproduces the properties of hadronic events in the charmonium inclusive decay, such as the branching ratios of hadronic resonance, the ratios of stable hadrons and the radiative products, and as the global properties of hadronic events.

J. C. Chen, G. S. Huang, X. R. Qi, D. H. Zhang, and Y. S. Zhu

2000-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

383

RARE KAON DECAYS: IL BUONO, IL BRUTTO, IL CATTIVO.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The author briefly reviews recent progress in rare kaon decays, where he takes ''rare'' to mean those with {Beta} < {Omicron}(10{sup -7}).

REDLINGER,G.

2004-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

384

Remarks on the formation and decay of multidimensional shock waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we present a formula describing the formation and decay of shock wave type solutions in some special cases.

V. G. Danilov

2005-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

385

Role of deformation in exotic decay studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have recently constructed a model for exotic decay studies using a cubic potential for the overlapping region that is smoothly connected by a Yukawa-plus-exponential potential for the region after separation. In this model, the zero-point vibration energy is explicitly used without violating the energy conservation and the inertial mass coefficient is made dependent on the center of mass distance, but the deformation effect has not been included. In this work, it is taken into account in both the parent and the daughter nuclei, keeping the emitted nucleus always spherical. This model is applied to the cases of {sup 14}C and {sup 24}Ne emissions and also for the recently reported cases of {sup 26}Ne, {sup 28,30}Mg, and {sup 34}Si emissions. It is found that the effect of the fragment deformation (which is always very small in the above decays) on lifetime is negligible while the parent deformation plays an appreciable role in the lifetime calculations.

Shanmugam, G.; Kamalaharan, B. (Department of Physics, Presidency College, Madras 600 005, India (IN))

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Invisible Higgs Decays from Higgs Graviscalar Mixing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We recompute the invisible Higgs decay width arising from Higgs-graviscalar mixing in the ADD model, comparing the original derivation in the non-diagonal mass basis to that in a diagonal mass basis. The results obtained are identical (and differ by a factor of 2 from the original calculation) but the diagonal-basis derivation is pedagogically useful for clarifying the physics of the invisible width from mixing. We emphasize that both derivations make it clear that a direct scan in energy for a process such as $WW\\to WW$ mediated by Higgs plus graviscalar intermediate resonances would follow a {\\it single} Breit-Wigner form with total width given by $\\Gamma^{tot}=\\Gamma_h^{SM}+\\Gamma_{invisible}$. We also compute the additional contributions to the invisible width due to direct Higgs to graviscalar pair decays. We find that the invisible width due to the latter is relatively small unless the Higgs mass is comparable to or larger than the effective extra-dimensional Planck mass.

Daniele Dominici; John F. Gunion

2009-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

387

The evolution of a decaying spheromak  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The evolution of a low beta spheromak initially in a two?dimensional stable equilibrium having a constant J/B (the so?called minimum energy state) is calculated within the context of resistive magnetohydrodynamics. Since the initial equilibrium is stable the spheromak at first resistively evolves through a sequence of stable quasiequilibria. This phase of the evolution is calculated with a transport code in which the resistivity is assumed to be largest at the wall and lowest at the magnetic axis. Resistive diffusion causes the safety factor q to decrease everywhere while decreasing fastest near the wall. The quasiequilibria through which the spheromak evolves are tested for stability with both an ideal linear stability code and a resistive one. The results of both stability codes are in basic agreement and show that when q drops to below (1)/(2) everywhere the spheromak becomes unstable to an n=2 mode. The agreement of the stability codes implies that the unstable mode is a resistively modified ideal mode. The unstable equilibrium is used as the initial

A. G. Sgro; A. A. Mirin; G. Marklin

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Mode testing via the excess mass estimate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......right when b i = w i + 1. For the new combined mode rede fi ne the quantities a i and b i as in (A1) except that we...outer bracketing minimisers ' in place of w i and w i + 1. Then rede fi ne E i as E i = P b i a i { f (x) ? l i } + dx, where......

N. I. Fisher; J. S. Marron

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Do red giants have short mode lifetimes?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show evidence that the red giant star ksi Hya has an oscillation mode lifetime, tau, of about 2 days significantly shorter than predicted by theory (tau = 17 days, Houdek & Gough 2002). If this is a general trend of red giants it would limit the prospects of asteroseismology on these stars because of poor coherence of the oscillations.

D. Stello; H. Kjeldsen; T. R. Bedding; D. Buzasi

2005-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

390

Thermionic converter in load-switching mode  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An electrical equivalent circuit is proposed for a thermionic electrogenerating element. It is suitable for calculation of transients in load-switching mode. Formulas are given for estimating circuit parameters. A sample numerical calculation is given for the transient between no-load and short-circuit regimes. The results may be employed to identify experimental data in the frequency domain.

Mendel'baum, M.A.; Es'kov, V.D.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

HYDROGEN LOCAL VIBRATIONAL MODES IN COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HYDROGEN LOCAL VIBRATIONAL MODES IN COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTORS M.D. MCCLUSKEY* University) spectroscopy of hydrogen and deuterium in GaP, AlSb, ZnSe, and GaN has provided important information about the structures of dopant- hydrogen complexes and their interaction with the host lattice. In GaN:Mg, for example

McCluskey, Matthew

392

Triangular-profile single-mode fiber  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A low-loss triangular-profile single-mode fiber is reported. The fiber loss at 1.3–1.55-?m wavelengths is below 0.4 dB/km, and its zero-chromatic-dispersion wavelength is 1.402 ?m.

Saifi, M A; Cohen, L G; Stone, J; Jang, S J

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Pulses inside the pulse mode of operation at RF Gun  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pulses inside the pulse mode of operation at RF Gun V. Vogel, V. Ayvazyan, K. Floettmann, D. Lipka a PiP mode of operation at RF Gun · What we need, to operate FLASH in the PiP mode · PiP study-Universitaet Bochum) Alternative: SC GUN DC GUN Cold GUN in PiP mode Cold Traveling wave GUN Why we need a PiP mode

394

Observation of thirteen new exclusive multibody hadronic decays of the psi(2S)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

co fS .01332S.0134 B .01332S.0134 N S " B.0133 .01332S.0134!h.0134 (units of10 .02554 ) B (PDG) (units of10 .02554 ) Q h (%) 2.0133.0025 .0135 .0025 .0255 .0134 1471 28 0.2668 713 20 308.0 0.4507 2:2.00060:2.00060:24:50.00061:00 5:55.00061:53 .0026... of the branching fractions for the following 13 decay modes of the .01332S.0134: .00173.0025, .0017 0 3.0025, .0026K .0135 K .0255 , K .0135 K .0255 .0025 .0135 .0025 .0255 .0025 0 , 2.0133K .0135 K .0255 .0134, 2.0133K .0135 K .0255 .0134.0025 0 , .0026p .0022p...

Besson, David Zeke

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Modification of the collective Thomson scattering radiometer in the search for parametric decay on TEXTOR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Strong scattering of high-power millimeter waves at 140 GHz has been shown to take place in heating and current-drive experiments at TEXTOR when a tearing mode is present in the plasma. The scattering signal is at present supposed to be generated by the parametric decay instability. Here we describe the heterodyne detection system used to characterize the newly discovered signal measured at TEXTOR, and we present spectral shapes in which the signal can appear under different conditions. The radiation is collected by the receiver through a quasi-optical transmission line that is independent of the electron cyclotron resonance heating transmission line, and so the scattering geometry is variable. The signal is detected with 42 frequency channels ranging from 136 to 142 GHz. We demonstrate that the large signal does not originate from gyrotron spurious radiation. The measured signal agrees well with independent backscattering radiometer data.

Nielsen, S. K.; Salewski, M.; Korsholm, S. B.; Leipold, F.; Meo, F.; Michelsen, P.; Stejner, M. [Association EURATOM - DTU, Department of Physics, Technical University of Denmark, Risoe Campus, DK-4000 Roskilde (Denmark); Bongers, W.; Moseev, D.; Westerhof, E. [FOM Institute DIFFER, Dutch Institute for Fundamental Energy Research, Association EURATOM - FOM, Nieuwegein (Netherlands); Oosterbeek, J. W. [Department of Applied Physics, Science and Technology of Nuclear Fusion, Eindhoven University of Technology, NL-5600 MB Eindhoven (Netherlands)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

396

Decoding {beta}-decay systematics: A global statistical model for {beta}{sup -} half-lives  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Statistical modeling of nuclear data provides a novel approach to nuclear systematics complementary to established theoretical and phenomenological approaches based on quantum theory. Continuing previous studies in which global statistical modeling is pursued within the general framework of machine learning theory, we implement advances in training algorithms designed to improve generalization, in application to the problem of reproducing and predicting the half-lives of nuclear ground states that decay 100% by the {beta}{sup -} mode. More specifically, fully connected, multilayer feed-forward artificial neural network models are developed using the Levenberg-Marquardt optimization algorithm together with Bayesian regularization and cross-validation. The predictive performance of models emerging from extensive computer experiments is compared with that of traditional microscopic and phenomenological models as well as with the performance of other learning systems, including earlier neural network models as well as the support vector machines recently applied to the same problem. In discussing the results, emphasis is placed on predictions for nuclei that are far from the stability line, and especially those involved in r-process nucleosynthesis. It is found that the new statistical models can match or even surpass the predictive performance of conventional models for {beta}-decay systematics and accordingly should provide a valuable additional tool for exploring the expanding nuclear landscape.

Costiris, N. J.; Mavrommatis, E.; Gernoth, K. A.; Clark, J. W. [Physics Department, Division of Nuclear Physics and Particle Physics, University of Athens, GR-15771 Athens (Greece); Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Johannes-Kepler-Universitaet, A-4040 Linz (Austria) and School of Physics and Astronomy, Schuster Building, University of Manchester, Manchester, M13 9PL (United Kingdom); McDonnell Center for the Space Sciences and Department of Physics, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri 63130 (United States); Complexo Interdisciplinar, Centro de Mathematica e Aplicacoes Fundamentals, University of Lisbon, 1649-003 Lisbon (Portugal) and Departamento de Fisica, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Technical University of Lisbon, 1096 Lisbon (Portugal)

2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

397

Decay of the resonantly excited states of atomic Kr  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The 3p-1?5s1 resonant excitation energy and decay width of Kr atoms are calculated by an ab initio Green’s-function method. The dipolar relaxation energy shift of the 3p-1?5s1 resonantly excited state of Kr atoms is predominantly due to the 3p-15s1?3d-25s1?f super-Coster-Kronig (sCK) spectator decay process. The calculated excitation energies are overestimated by about 1.0 eV. The decay widths for 3p1/2-1?5s1 and 3p3/2-1?5s1 resonantly excited states are 2.08 and 1.88 eV, respectively. They are larger than the decay widths of the 3p1/2-1 and 3p3/2-1 core-level ionized states. The increase of the decay width is a result of the decrease of 3p-15s1?3d-25s1?f sCK spectator decay and the increase of 3p-15s1?3d-14s(p)-15s1?p(d) CK spectator decay. The changes of the (s)CK decay rates are due to the screening of the final two-hole-state potential by the resonantly excited 5s electron.

Masahide Ohno

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Half-lives of Double $\\beta ^+$-decay with Two Neutrinos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nuclear double $\\beta ^-$-decays with two neutrinos were observed for many years and a systematic law describing the relation between their half-lives and decay energies was also proposed recently [Phys. Rev. C89, 064603 (2014)]. However, double $\\beta ^+$-decay ($\\beta ^+\\beta^+)$ with emission of both two positrons and two neutrinos has not been observed up to date. In this article, we perform a systematic analysis on the candidates of double $\\beta ^+$-decay, based on the 2012 nuclear mass table. Eight nuclei are found to be the good candidates for double $\\beta ^+$-decay and their half-lives are predicted according to the generalization of the systematic law to double $\\beta ^+$-decay. As far as we know, there is no theoretical result on double $\\beta ^+$-decay of nucleus $^{154}Dy$ and our result is the first prediction on this nucleus. This is also the first complete research on eight double $\\beta ^+$-decay candidates based on the available data of nuclear masses. It is expected that the calculated hal...

Ren, Yuejiao

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Large CP Violation in Bs Decays and Light WR  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......September 1990 research-article Articles Large CP Violation in B s Decays and Light W R Hiroyuki...1) theory, the possibility of large CP violating asymmetries in B S decays is investigated...that a certain class of models where the CP symmetry is violated spontaneously and a......

Hiroyuki Nishiura; Minoru Tanaka; Eiichi Takasugi

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Branching ratios for the beta decay of Na-21  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have measured the beta-decay branching ratio for the transition from Na-21 to the first excited state of Ne-21. A recently published test of the standard model, which was based on a measurement of the beta-nu correlation in the decay of Na-21...

Iacob, V. E.; Hardy, John C.; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Goodwin, J.; Nica, N.; Park, H. I.; Tabacaru, G.; Trache, L.; Tribble, Robert E.; Zhai, Y.; Towner, I. S.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n1875 decay modes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Search for the decays B-0->D(*)D+(*)(-)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the CLEO-II data set we have searched for the decays B-0 --> D-(*+)D-(*-) We observe one candidate signal event for the decay B-0 --> D*+D*- with an expected background of 0.022 +/- 0.011 events. This yield corresponds to a branching fraction...

Ammar, Raymond G.; Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Besson, David Zeke; Coppage, Don; Darling, C.; Davis, Robin E. P.; Hancock, N.; Kotov, S.; Kravchenko, I.; Kwak, Nowhan

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

74Exploring Nuclear Decay and Radiation Dose The devastating earthquake  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

74Exploring Nuclear Decay and Radiation Dose The devastating earthquake that struck northern Japan vent radioactive gas and dust clouds into the environment. Although the initial radiation levels were extremely high, the natural decay of the radioactive compounds will cause the radiation levels at any given

403

First search for CP violation in tau lepton decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have performed the first search for CP violation in tau lepton decay. CP violation in lepton decay does not occur in the minimal standard model but can occur in extensions such as the multi-Higgs doublet model. It appears as a characteristic...

Ammar, Raymond G.; Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Besson, David Zeke; Coppage, Don; Darling, C.; Davis, Robin E. P.; Kotov, S.; Kravchenko, I.; Kwak, Nowhan; Zhou, L.

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Comment on the 20-dominance model for charm decays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

From systematic studies of D?K? decay amplitudes, it is pointed out that vital damage to the conventional "mild" 20-dominance model for charm decays is caused by an observation B(D0?K¯0?0)B(D0?K-?+)>0.5 but not by an observation ?(D+)??(D0).

Yoshio Koide

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Correlated two-proton decay from (10)C  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and for a newly found level at E* = 8.4 MeV. A state at E* = 6.57 MeV is shown to undergo two-proton decay to (8)Be(g.s.) with strong p-p correlations consistent with the (1)S phase shift. Based on the lack of such correlations for other two-proton decays...

Mercurio, K.; Charity, R. J.; Shane, R.; Sobotka, L. G.; Elson, J. M.; Famiano, M.; Wuosmaa, A. H.; Banu, A.; Fu, C.; Trache, L.; Tribble, Robert E.; Mukhamedzhanov, A. M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Internal conversions in Higgs decays to two photons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We evaluate the partial widths for internal conversions in the Higgs decays to two photons. For the Higgs masses of interest at the CERN LHC in the range of 100-150 GeV, the conversions to pairs of fermions represent a significant fraction of Higgs decays.

Firan, Ana; Stroynowski, Ryszard [Department of Physics, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas 75275-0175 (United States)

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Strategies for Next Generation Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay Experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Strategies for Next Generation Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay Experiments F. T. Avignone III A brief discussion of the connection between neutrino oscillation data and predictions of neutrinoless the necessary tools for comparative evaluation. 1. INTRODUCTION Neutrinoless double-beta (0)-decay has been

408

Neutrinoless double-beta decay. A brief review  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this brief review we discuss the generation of Majorana neutrino masses through the see-saw mechanism, the theory of neutrinoless double-beta decay, the implications of neutrino oscillation data for the effective Majorana mass, taking into account the recent Daya Bay measurement of theta_13, and the interpretation of the results of neutrinoless double-beta decay experiments.

S. M. Bilenky; C. Giunti

2012-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

409

Limit on the electric charge-nonconserving $?^+ \\to invisible$ decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The first limit on the branching ratio of the electric charge-nonconserving invisible muon decay $Br(\\mu^+ \\to invisible) invisible$ decay rate are discussed. These leptonic charge-nonconserving processes may hold in four-dimensional world in models with infinite extra dimensions, thus making their searches complementary to collider experiments probing new physics.

S. N. Gninenko

2007-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

410

Search for invisible decays of the (1S)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We search for invisible decays of the ?(1S) meson using a sample of 91.4×10[superscript 6] ?(3S) mesons collected at the BABAR/PEP-II B factory. We select events containing the decay ?(3S)??[superscript +]?[superscript ...

Zhao, M.

411

BEAM-BASED MEASUREMENTS OF PERSISTENT CURRENT DECAY IN RHIC.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The two RHIC rings are equipped with superconducting dipole magnets. At injection, induced persistent currents in these magnets lead to a sextupole component. As the persistent currents decay with time, the horizontal and vertical chromaticities change. From magnet measurements of persistent current decays, chromaticity changes in the machine are estimated and compared with chromaticity measurements.

FISCHER,W.; JAIN,A.; TEPIKIAN,S.

2001-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

412

Search for baryon number violation in top-quark decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A search for baryon number violation (BNV) in top-quark decays is performed using pp collisions produced by the LHC at [sqrt s]=8 TeV. The top-quark decay considered in this search results in one light lepton (muon or ...

CMS Collaboration

413

Hadronic B decays at BaBar and Belle  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors review recent results of the BABAR and Belle Collaborations on the {alpha} and {gamma} angles of the unitarity triangle, on the B {yields} K{pi}{pi} Dalitz-plot analyses, and on the searches for baryonic B decays and for B {yields} D{bar D} decays.

Lombardo, Vincenzo; /Milan U. /INFN, Milan

2008-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

414

Double Beta Decay and the Absolute Neutrino Mass Scale  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

After a short review of the current status of three-neutrino mixing, the implications for the values of neutrino masses are discussed. The bounds on the absolute scale of neutrino masses from Tritium beta-decay and cosmological data are reviewed. Finally, we discuss the implications of three-neutrino mixing for neutrinoless double-beta decay.

Carlo Giunti

2003-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

415

On bulk viscosity and moduli decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This pedagogically intended lecture, one of four under the header "Basics of thermal QCD", reviews an interesting relationship, originally pointed out by Bodeker, that exists between the bulk viscosity of Yang-Mills theory (of possible relevance to the hydrodynamics of heavy ion collision experiments) and the decay rate of scalar fields coupled very weakly to a heat bath (appearing in some particle physics inspired cosmological scenarios). This topic serves, furthermore, as a platform on which a number of generic thermal field theory concepts are illustrated. The other three lectures (on the QCD equation of state and the rates of elastic as well as inelastic processes experienced by heavy quarks) are recapitulated in brief encyclopedic form.

M. Laine

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

416

Higgs boson production and decay: Dalitz sector  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The processes H ? f ¯ f ? ( g ) , p p ? q ¯ + q ? H + ? ( g ) and p p ? q ( q ¯ ) + g ? H + q ( q ¯ ) pose severe challenges to the experimental analysis. They represent rare decays and production mechanisms of the Higgs boson at LHC. However, they are not Yukawa suppressed at next-to-leading order opening a window for the correct definition of pseudo-observables, e.g. a definition of ? ( H ? Z ? ) with universal inherent meaning, that are currently used in extracting information for the couplings of the newly discovered resonance at LHC. The impact of genuinely electroweak NLO corrections is discussed, as well as the comparison of ? ( p p ? g g X ? e + e ? ? ) to its zero-width approximation.

Giampiero Passarino

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Noncharacteristic half-lives in radioactive decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Half-lives of radionuclides span more than 50 orders of magnitude. We characterize the probability distribution of this broad-range data set at the same time that we explore a method for fitting power laws and testing goodness-of-fit. It is found that the procedure proposed recently by Clauset et al. [SIAM Rev. 51, 661 (2009)] does not perform well as it rejects the power-law hypothesis even for power-law synthetic data. In contrast, we establish the existence of a power-law exponent with a value around 1.1 for the half-life density, which can be explained by the sharp relationship between decay rate and released energy, for different disintegration types. For the case of alpha emission, this relationship constitutes an original mechanism of power-law generation.

Álvaro Corral; Francesc Font; Juan Camacho

2011-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

418

Progress in computing inclusive B decay spectra.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ar X iv :h ep -p h/ 06 01 18 1v 1 2 1 Ja n 20 06 Progress in computing inclusive B decay spectra Einan Gardi and Jeppe R. Andersen Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, J J Thomson Avenue, Cambridge, CB3 0HE, UK We review the progress... V, M0E =1.7GeV x =1GeV, M0E =1.7GeV, fully diff. x =1GeV, M0E =0.66GeV max + =1GeV, P0E =0.66GeV, fully diff. max + =1GeV, P0E Figure 4. The P? spectrum in B¯ ?? Xul?¯ as calculated by DGE [17], after integration over P+ and El in four different...

Gardi, Einan; Andersen, Jeppe R

419

Antiproton Limits on Decaying Gravitino Dark Matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on constraints on the lifetime of decaying gravitino dark matter in models with bilinear R-parity violation derived from observations of cosmic-ray antiprotons with the PAMELA experiment. Performing a scan over a viable set of cosmic-ray propagation parameters we find lower limits ranging from $8\\times 10^{28}$s to $6\\times 10^{28}$s for gravitino masses from roughly 100 GeV to 10 TeV. Comparing these limits to constraints derived from gamma-ray and neutrino observations we conclude that the presented antiproton limits are currently the strongest and most robust limits on the gravitino lifetime in the considered mass range. These constraints correspond to upper limits on the size of the bilinear R-parity breaking parameter in the range of $10^{-8}$ to $8\\times 10^{-13}$.

Grefe, Michael

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Experimental searches of neutrinoless double beta decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neutrinoless double decay is a unique probe for lepton number conservation and neutrino properties. It allows to investigate the Dirac/Majorana nature of the neutrinos and their absolute mass scale (hierarchy problem) with unprecedented sensitivity. A number of experiments are presently under preparation to cover the quasi-degenerate region of the neutrino mass spectrum. Improved sensitivities are however required to sound the so-called inverted hierarchy region. This is a real challenge faced by a number of new proposed projects, based either on large expansions of the present experiments or on new ideas top improve the technical performance or reduce the background contributions. A review of the most relevant ongoing experiments is given. The most relevant parameters contributing to the experimental sensitivity are discussed and a critical comparison of the future projects is proposed.

Oliviero Cremonesi

2012-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n1875 decay modes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

? decay of Fr216 and At212  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The alpha and coincident gamma decays of Fr216 and At212 in secular equilibrium with 0.8 s Pa224 and 26.1 ms Ac220 have been studied with emphasis on the level scheme of At212. The level structure has been interpreted in terms of the shell model configurations ?(h9/2)9/23?(g9/2), ?(h9/2)0+2(f7/2)?(g9/2), and ?(h9/2)9/23?(i11/2). These configurations are then compared with the calculated configurations in At212 and with the corresponding experimental configurations in Bi210 and Bi212. In all three cases plots of the experimental energies vs the spin show the expected inverted parabola shape, but as we move farther away from the Pb208 closed shells, the inverted parabolas become more compressed. © 1996 The American Physical Society.

C. F. Liang; P. Paris; R. K. Sheline; P. Alexa; A. Gizon

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Study of CP Violation in Dalitz-Plot Analyses of B-Meson Decays to Three Kaons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Standard Model (SM) explains CP violation in terms of the CKM matrix. The BABAR experiment was designed mainly to test the CKM model in B decays. B decays that proceed through b {yields} s loop diagrams, of which B {yields} KKK decays are an example, are sensitive to new physics effects that could lead to deviations from the CKM predictions for CP violation. We present studies of CP violation in the decays B{sup +} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -}K{sup +}, B{sup +} {yields} K{sub S}{sup 0}K{sub S}{sup 0}K{sup +}, and B{sup 0} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -}K{sub S}{sup 0}, using a Dalitz plot amplitude analysis. These studies are based on approximately 470 million B{bar B} decays collected by BABAR at the PEP-II collider at SLAC. We perform measurements of time-dependent CP violation in B{sup 0} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -}K{sub S}{sup 0}, including B{sup 0} {yields} {phi}K{sub S}{sup 0}. We measure a CP-violating phase {beta}{sub eff} ({phi}K{sub S}{sup 0}) = 0.36 {+-} 0.11 {+-} 0.04 rad., in agreement with the SM. This is the world's most precise measurement of this quantity. We also measure direct CP asymmetries in all three decay modes, including the direct CP asymmetry A{sub CP} ({phi}K{sup +}) = (12.8 {+-} 4.4 {+-} 1.3)%, which is 2.8 sigma away from zero. This measurement is in tension with the SM, which predicts an asymmetry of a few percent. We also study the resonant and nonresonant features in the B {yields} KKK Dalitz plots. We find that the hypothetical scalar f{sub X}(1500) resonance, introduced by prior analyses to explain an unknown peak in the m{sub KK} spectrum, cannot adequately describe the data. We conclude instead that the f{sub X}(1500) can be explained as the sum of the f{sub 0}(1500), f'{sub 2}(1525), and f{sub 0}(1710) resonances, removing the need for the hypothetical f{sub X}(1500). We also find that an exponential nonresonant model, used by previous analyses to describe the broad nonresonant feature seen in B {yields} KKK decays, cannot fully model the data. We introduce a new nonresonant model that contains more free parameters, allows for phase motion, and contains both S-wave and P-wave components.

Lindquist, Brian; /SLAC

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

423

Constraining Mass Spectra with Sterile Neutrinos from Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay, Tritium Beta Decay and Cosmology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze the constraints on neutrino mass spectra with extra sterile neutrinos as implied by the LSND experiment. The various mass related observables in neutrinoless double beta decay, tritium beta decay and cosmology are discussed. Both neutrino oscillation results as well as recent cosmological neutrino mass bounds are taken into account. We find that some of the allowed mass patterns are severely restricted by the current constraints, in particular by the cosmological constraints on the total sum of neutrino masses and by the non-maximality of the solar neutrino mixing angle. Furthermore, we estimate the form of the four neutrino mass matrices and also comment on the situation in scenarios with two additional sterile neutrinos.

Srubabati Goswami; Werner Rodejohann

2006-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

424

CP-violating polarizations in semileptonic heavy meson decays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the T-violating lepton transverse polarization (Pl?) in three body semileptonic heavy meson decays to pseudoscalar mesons and to vector mesons. We calculate these polarizations in the heavy quark effective limit, which simplifies the expressions considerably. After examining constraints from CP-conserving (including b?s?) and CP-violating processes, we find that in B decays P? of the muon in multi-Higgs-doublet models can be of order 13%, while P? of the ? can even approach unity. In contrast, P?? in D decays is at most 1.5%. We discuss possibilities for detection of Pl? at current and future B factories. We also show that Pl? in decays to vector mesons, unlike in decays to pseudoscalars, can get contributions from left-right models. Unfortunately, Pl? in that case is proportional to WL-WR mixing, and is thus small.

Robert Garisto

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Dissipative phase transitions: Independent versus collective decay and spin squeezing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the XY model with infinite-range interactions (Lipkin-Meshkov-Glick model) in the presence of dissipation from spontaneous decay. We show that independent and collective decay lead to qualitatively different phase transitions of the steady state, even though the phase boundary is the same. Independent decay leads to a second-order phase transition to a ferromagnet, while collective decay leads to a first-order transition to a time-dependent oscillatory phase. Then we show that the addition of a drive leads to infinite spin squeezing for collective decay in the thermodynamic limit. Our results can be experimentally seen in trapped-ion and cavity-QED experiments.

Tony E. Lee; Ching-Kit Chan; Susanne F. Yelin

2014-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

426

Complex-Energy Shell-Model Description of Alpha Decay  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In his pioneering work of alpha decay, Gamow assumed that the alpha particle formed inside the nucleus tunnels through the barrier of the alpha-daughter potential. The corresponding metastable state can be viewed as a complex-energy solution of the time-independent Schroedinger equation with the outgoing boundary condition. The formation of the alpha cluster, missing in the original Gamow formulation, can be described within the R-matrix theory in terms of the formation amplitude. In this work, the alpha decay process is described by computing the formation amplitude and barrier penetrability in a large complex-energy configuration space spanned by the complex-energy eigenstates of the finite Woods-Saxon (WS) potential. The proper normalization of the decay channel is essential as it strongly modifies the alpha-decay spectroscopic factor. The test calculations are carried out for the ^{212}Po alpha decay.

Id Betan, R. [Rosario Physics Institute, Rosario, Argentina] [Rosario Physics Institute, Rosario, Argentina; Nazarewicz, Witold [ORNL] [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Arbitrary mass Majorana neutrinos in neutrinoless double beta decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We revisit the mechanism of neutrinoless double beta (0???) decay mediated by the exchange with the heavy Majorana neutrino N of arbitrary mass mN, slightly mixed ?UeN with the electron neutrino ?e. By assuming the dominance of this mechanism, we update the well-known 0???-decay exclusion plot in the mN?UeN plane taking into account recent progress in the calculation of nuclear matrix elements within quasiparticle random phase approximation and improved experimental bounds on the 0???-decay half-life of Ge76 and Xe136. We also consider the known formula approximating the mN dependence of the 0???-decay nuclear matrix element in a simple explicit form. We analyze its accuracy and specify the corresponding parameters, allowing one to easily calculate the 0???-decay half-life for arbitrary mN for all the experimentally interesting isotopes without resorting to real nuclear structure calculations.

Amand Faessler; Marcela González; Sergey Kovalenko; Fedor Šimkovic

2014-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

428

Arbitrary mass Majorana neutrinos in neutrinoless double beta decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We revisit the mechanism of neutrinoless double beta (NLDBD) decay mediated by the exchange with the heavy Majorana neutrino N of arbitrary mass mN, slightly mixed with the electron neutrino. By assuming the dominance of this mechanism, we update the well-known NLDBD-decay exclusion plot in the mass-mixing angle plane taking into account recent progress in the calculation of nuclear matrix elements within quasiparticle random phase approximation and improved experimental bounds on the NLDBD-decay half-life of Ge-76 and Xe-136. We also consider the known formula approximating the mN dependence of the NLDBD-decay nuclear matrix element in a simple explicit form. We analyze its accuracy and specify the corresponding parameters, allowing one to easily calculate the NLDBD-decay half-life for arbitrary mN for all the experimentally interesting isotopes without resorting to real nuclear structure calculations.

Amand Faessler; Marcela Gonzalez; Sergey Kovalenko; Fedor Simkovic

2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

429

The nuclear matrix elements for neutrinoless double beta decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The status of calculation of the neutrinoless double beta decay ( 0??? ?decay) nuclear matrix elements (NME's) is reviewed. The spread of published values of NME's is discussed. The main attention is paid to the recent progress achieved in the evaluation of the 0??? ?decay NME's in the framework of the quasiparticle random phase approximation (QRPA). The obtained results are compared with those of the nuclear shell model. The problem of reliable determination of the 0??? ?decay NME's is addressed. The uncertainty in NME's are analyzed and further progress in calculation of the 0??? ?decay NME's is outlined.

Fedor Šimkovic

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Mode-synthesizing atomic force microscopy and mode-synthesizing sensing  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of analyzing a sample that includes applying a first set of energies at a first set of frequencies to a sample and applying, simultaneously with the applying the first set of energies, a second set of energies at a second set of frequencies, wherein the first set of energies and the second set of energies form a multi-mode coupling. The method further includes detecting an effect of the multi-mode coupling.

Passain, Ali; Thundat, Thomas George; Tetard, Laurene

2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

431

Electron acceleration by Z-mode and whistler-mode waves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We carried out a series of particle simulations to study electron acceleration by Z-mode and whistler-mode waves generated by an electron ring distribution. The electron ring distribution leads to excitations of X-mode waves mainly in the perpendicular direction, Z-mode waves in the perpendicular and parallel directions, and whistler-mode waves mainly in the parallel direction. The parallel Z- and whistler-mode waves can lead to an effective acceleration of ring electrons. The electron acceleration is mainly determined by the wave amplitude and phase velocity, which in turn is affected by the ratio of electron plasma to cyclotron frequencies. For the initial kinetic energy ranging from 100 to 500 keV, the peak energy of the accelerated electrons is found to reach 2–8 times the initial kinetic energy. We further study the acceleration process by test-particle calculations in which electrons interact with one, two, or four waves. The electron trajectories in the one-wave case are simple diffusion curves. In the multi-wave cases, electrons are accelerated simultaneously by counter-propagating waves and can have a higher final energy.

Lee, K. H. [Institute of Space Science, National Central University, Zhongli, Taiwan (China)] [Institute of Space Science, National Central University, Zhongli, Taiwan (China); Omura, Y. [Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University, Uji, Kyoto (Japan)] [Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University, Uji, Kyoto (Japan); Lee, L. C. [Institute of Space Science, National Central University, Zhongli, Taiwan (China) [Institute of Space Science, National Central University, Zhongli, Taiwan (China); Institute of Earth Science, Academia Sinica, Nankang, Taiwan (China)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

432

The effect of weak magnetism and induced pseudoscalar coupling in neutrinoless double-beta decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In calculating the amplitude of the majorana neutrino-mass mechanism of neutrinoless double-beta decay (0???-decay), several approximations of the...pn-rqrpa) for all nuclei undergoing double-beta decay in the re...

G. Pantis; F. Šimkovic

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

First results on neutrinoless double beta decay of Te-130 with the calorimetric cuoricino experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evidence for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay” arXiv:hep-on “Evidence for neutrinoless double beta decay”- arXiv:hep-Results on Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay of 130 Te with the

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Geodesic stability, Lyapunov exponents and quasinormal modes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Geodesic motion determines important features of spacetimes. Null unstable geodesics are closely related to the appearance of compact objects to external observers and have been associated with the characteristic modes of black holes. By computing the Lyapunov exponent, which is the inverse of the instability timescale associated with this geodesic motion, we show that, in the eikonal limit, quasinormal modes of black holes in any dimensions are determined by the parameters of the circular null geodesics. This result is independent of the field equations and only assumes a stationary, spherically symmetric and asymptotically flat line element, but it does not seem to be easily extendable to anti-de Sitter spacetimes. We further show that (i) in spacetime dimensions greater than four, equatorial circular timelike geodesics in a Myers-Perry black hole background are unstable, and (ii) the instability timescale of equatorial null geodesics in Myers-Perry spacetimes has a local minimum for spacetimes of dimension d > 5.

Vitor Cardoso; Alex S. Miranda; Emanuele Berti; Helvi Witek; Vilson T. Zanchin

2009-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

435

Tensor modes on the string theory landscape  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We attempt an estimate for the distribution of the tensor mode fraction $r$ over the landscape of vacua in string theory. The dynamics of eternal inflation and quantum tunneling lead to a kind of democracy on the landscape, providing no bias towards large-field or small-field inflation regardless of the class of measure. The tensor mode fraction then follows the number frequency distributions of inflationary mechanisms of string theory over the landscape. We show that an estimate of the relative number frequencies for small-field vs large-field inflation, while unattainable on the whole landscape, may be within reach as a regional answer for warped Calabi-Yau flux compactifications of type IIB string theory.

Alexander Westphal

2012-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

436

Search for di-muon decays of a low-mass Higgs boson in radiative decays of the ?(1S)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We search for di-muon decays of a low-mass Higgs boson (A[superscript 0]) produced in radiative ?(1S) decays. The ?(1S) sample is selected by tagging the pion pair in the ?(2S,3S)??[superscript +]?[superscript -]?(1S) ...

Cowan, Ray Franklin

437

Stabilizing windings for tilting and shifting modes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention relates to passive conducting loops for stabilizing a plasma ring against unstable tilting and/or shifting modes. To this end, for example, plasma ring in a spheromak is stabilized by a set of four figure-8 shaped loops having one pair on one side of the plasma and one pair on the other side with each pair comprising two loops whose axes are transverse to each other.

Jardin, Stephen C. (Princeton, NJ); Christensen, Uffe R. (Princeton, NJ)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Statistical Global Modeling of Beta-Decay Halflives Systematics Using Multilayer Feedforward Neural Networks and Support Vector Machines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work, the beta-decay halflives problem is dealt as a nonlinear optimization problem, which is resolved in the statistical framework of Machine Learning (LM). Continuing past similar approaches, we have constructed sophisticated Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) and Support Vector Regression Machines (SVMs) for each class with even-odd character in Z and N to global model the systematics of nuclei that decay 100% by the beta-minus-mode in their ground states. The arising large-scale lifetime calculations generated by both types of machines are discussed and compared with each other, with the available experimental data, with previous results obtained with neural networks, as well as with estimates coming from traditional global nuclear models. Particular attention is paid on the estimates for exotic and halo nuclei and we focus to those nuclides that are involved in the r-process nucleosynthesis. It is found that statistical models based on LM can at least match or even surpass the predictive performance of the best conventional models of beta-decay systematics and can complement the latter.

N. J. Costiris; E. Mavrommatis; K. A. Gernoth; J. W. Clark; H. Li

2008-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

439

Study of the decay $\\bar{B}^{0}\\rightarrow\\Lambda_{c}^{+}\\bar{p}\\pi^{+}\\pi^{-}$ and its intermediate states  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the decay $\\bar{B}^{0}\\rightarrow\\Lambda_{c}^{+}\\bar{p}\\pi^{+}\\pi^{-}$, reconstructing the \\Lambda_{c}^{+} baryon in the $p K^{-}\\pi^{+}$ mode, using a data sample of $467\\times 10^{6}$ $B\\bar{B}$ pairs collected with the BaBar detector at the PEP-2 storage rings at SLAC. We measure branching fractions for decays with intermediate $\\Sigma_{c}$ baryons to be ${\\cal B}[\\bar{B}^{0}\\rightarrow\\Sigma_{c}(2455)^{++}\\bar{p}\\pi^{-}]=(21.3 \\pm 1.0 \\pm 1.0 \\pm 5.5) \\times 10^{-5}$, ${\\cal B}[\\bar{B}^{0}\\rightarrow\\Sigma_{c}(2520)^{++}\\bar{p}\\pi^{-}]=(11.5\\pm 1.0 \\pm 0.5 \\pm 3.0)\\times 10^{-5}$, ${\\cal B}[\\bar{B}^{0}\\rightarrow\\Sigma_{c}(2455)^{0}\\bar{p}\\pi^{+}]=(9.1 \\pm 0.7 \\pm 0.4 \\pm 2.4)\\times10^{-5}$, and ${\\cal B}[\\bar{B}^{0}\\rightarrow\\Sigma_{c}(2520)^{0}\\bar{p}\\pi^{+}]= (2.2 \\pm 0.7 \\pm 0.1\\pm 0.6) \\times 10^{-5}$, where the uncertainties are statistical, systematic, and due to the uncertainty on the $\\Lambda_{c}^{+}\\rightarrow\\proton\\Km\\pi^{+}$ branching fraction, respectively. For decays without $\\Sig...

Lees, J P; Tisserand, V; Grauges, E; Palano, A; Eigen, G; Stugu, B; Brown, D N; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Lynch, G; Koch, H; Schroeder, T; Asgeirsson, D J; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; So, R Y; Khan, A; Blinov, V E; Buzykaev, A R; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Kravchenko, E A; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Yushkov, A N; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Mandelkern, M; Atmacan, H; Gary, J W; Long, O; Vitug, G M; Campagnari, C; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Richman, J D; West, C A; Eisner, A M; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Martinez, A J; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Chao, D S; Cheng, C H; Echenard, B; Flood, K T; Hitlin, D G; Ongmongkolkul, P; Porter, F C; Rakitin, A Y; Andreassen, R; Huard, Z; Meadows, B T; Sokoloff, M D; Sun, L; Bloom, P C; Ford, W T; Gaz, A; Nauenberg, U; Smith, J G; Wagner, S R; Ayad, R; Toki, W H; Spaan, B; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Bernard, D; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Playfer, S; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cibinetto, G; Fioravanti, E; Garzia, I; Luppi, E; Piemontese, L; Santoro, V; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; de Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Contri, R; Guido, E; Vetere, M Lo; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Bhuyan, B; Prasad, V; Morii, M; Adametz, A; Uwer, U; Lacker, H M; Lueck, T; Dauncey, P D; Mallik, U; Chen, C; Cochran, J; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rubin, A E; Gritsan, A V; Arnaud, N; Davier, M; Derkach, D; Grosdidier, G; Diberder, F Le; Lutz, A M; Malaescu, B; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Stocchi, A; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Chavez, C A; Coleman, J P; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; Di Lodovico, F; Sacco, R; Sigamani, M; Cowan, G; Brown, D N; Davis, C L; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Gradl, W; Griessinger, K; Hafner, A; Prencipe, E; Barlow, R J; Jackson, G; Lafferty, G D; Behn, E; Cenci, R; Hamilton, B; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D A; Dallapiccola, C; Cowan, R; Dujmic, D; Sciolla, G; Cheaib, R; Lindemann, D; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Biassoni, P; Neri, N; Palombo, F; Stracka, S; Cremaldi, L; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sonnek, P; Summers, D J; Nguyen, X; Simard, M; Taras, P; De Nardo, G; Monorchio, D; Onorato, G; Sciacca, C; Martinelli, M; Raven, G; Jessop, C P; LoSecco, J M; Wang, W F; Honscheid, K; Kass, R; Brau, J; Frey, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Torrence, E; Feltresi, E; Gagliardi, N; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simi, G; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Akar, S; Ben-Haim, E; Bomben, M; Bonneaud, G R; Briand, H; Calderini, G; Chauveau, J; Hamon, O; Leruste, Ph; Marchiori, G; Ocariz, J; Sitt, S; Biasini, M; Manoni, E; Pacetti, S; Rossi, A; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Carpinelli, M; Casarosa, G; Cervelli, A; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Oberhof, B; Perez, A; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J J; Pegna, D Lopes; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Anulli, F; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Gioi, L Li; Mazzoni, M A; Piredda, G; Bünger, C; Grünberg, O; Hartmann, T; Leddig, T; Schröder, H; Voß, C; Waldi, R; Adye, T; Olaiya, E O; Wilson, F F; Emery, S; de Monchenault, G Hamel; Vasseur, G; Y\\`, Ch; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Benitez, J F; Cartaro, C; Convery, M R; Dorfan, J; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dunwoodie, W; Ebert, M; Field, R C; Sevilla, M Franco; Fulsom, B G; Gabareen, A M; Graham, M T; Grenier, P; Hast, C; Innes, W R; Kelsey, M H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S; Lewis, P; Lindquist, B; Luitz, S; Luth, V; Lynch, H L; MacFarlane, D B; Muller, D R; Neal, H; Nelson, S; Perl, M; Pulliam, T; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Snyder, A; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Va'vra, J; Wagner, A P; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wright, D H; Wulsin, H W; Young, C C; Ziegler, V; Park, W; Purohit, M V; White, R M; Wilson, J R; Randle-Conde, A; Sekula, S J; Bellis, M; Burchat, P R; Miyashita, T S; Puccio, E M T; Alam, M S; Ernst, J A; Gorodeisky, R; Guttman, N; Peimer, D R; Soffer, A; Spanier, S M; Ritchie, J L; Ruland, A M; Schwitters, R F; Wray, B C; Izen, J M; Lou, X C; Bianchi, F; Gamba, D; Zambito, S; Lanceri, L; Vitale, L; Martinez-Vidal, F; Oyanguren, A; Villanueva-Perez, P; Ahmed, H; Albert, J; Banerjee, Sw; Bernlochner, F U; Choi, H H F; King, G J; Kowalewski, R; Lewczuk, M J; Nugent, I M; Roney, J M; Sobie, R J; Tasneem, N; Gershon, T J; Harrison, P F; Latham, T E; Band, H R; Dasu, S; Pan, Y; Prepost, R; Wu, S L

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Hybrid Quantum System of a Nanofiber Mode Coupled to Two Chains of Optically Trapped Atoms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A tapered optical nanofiber simultaneously used to trap and optically interface of cold atoms through evanescent fields constitutes a new and well controllable hybrid quantum system. The atoms are trapped in two parallel 1D optical lattices generated by suitable far blue and red detuned evanescent field modes very close to opposite sides of the nanofiber surface. Collective electronic excitations (excitons) of each of the optical lattices are resonantly coupled to the second lattice forming symmetric and antisymmetric common excitons. In contrast to the inverse cube dependence of the individual atomic dipole-dipole interaction, we analytically find an exponentially decaying coupling strength with distance between the lattices. The resulting symmetric (bright) excitons strongly interact with the resonant nanofiber photons to form fiber polaritons, which can be observed through linear optical spectra. For large enough wave vectors the polariton decay rate to free space is strongly reduced, which should render this system ideal for the realization of long range quantum communication between atomic ensembles.

Hashem Zoubi; Helmut Ritsch

2010-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

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441

Linear arrays of Josephson junctions: A stability analysis of characteristic modes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have performed a linear stability analysis of two arrays of resistively shunted Josephson junctions: a ladder array and a so-called modified linear array. We find the periodic solutions to be linearly stable for a wide range of bias currents in the absence of a load. This is contrasted with the well-studied globally coupled linear array, where stability of the periodic solutions is a sensitive function of bias current and load parameters. For the ladder array, we have studied the nature of the mesh currents for the different decay modes. Numerical evidence leads us to conclude that the branches of the ladder parallel to the bias current play an important role in helping to damp out perturbed currents. We also compare the long-time dynamics of these Josephson-junction arrays with that of an RL network, which is a ladder of resistors and inductors, and for which the decay rates and mesh currents are calculated exactly. We find that {ital at long times} the dynamics of all three arrays are basically identical. {copyright} {ital 1998} {ital The American Physical Society}

Trees, B.R. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Ohio Wesleyan University, Delaware, Ohio 43015 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Ohio Wesleyan University, Delaware, Ohio 43015 (United States); Harris, E.B. [Department of Physics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States)] [Department of Physics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States)

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Production and FCNC decay of supersymmetric Higgs bosons into heavy quarks in the LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze the production and subsequent decay of the neutral MSSM Higgs bosons (h = h^0, H^0, A^0) mediated by flavor changing neutral currents (FCNC) in the LHC collider. We have computed the h-production cross-section times the FCNC branching ratio, \\sigma(pp -> h -> qq') = \\sigma(pp -> h) B(h -> qq'), in the LHC focusing on the strongly-interacting FCNC sector. Here qq' is an electrically neutral pair of quarks of different flavors, the dominant modes being those containing a heavy quark: tc or bs. We determine the maximum production rates for each of these modes and identify the relevant regions of the MSSM parameter space, after taking into account the severe restrictions imposed by low energy FCNC processes. The analysis of \\sigma(pp -> h -> qq') singles out regions of the MSSM parameter space different from those obtained by maximizing only the branching ratio, due to non-trivial correlations between the parameters that maximize/minimize each isolated factor. The production rates for the bs channel can be huge for a FCNC process (0.1-1 pb), but its detection can be problematic. The production rates for the tc channel are more modest (10^{-3}-10^{-2} pb), but its detection should be easier due to the clear-cut top quark signature. A few thousand tc events could be collected in the highest luminosity phase of the LHC, with no counterpart in the SM.

Santi Bejar; Jaume Guasch; Joan Sola

2005-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

443

Evidence for a Higgs boson in tau decays with the CMS detector .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In this thesis, I describe the search for a Higgs boson through its decay to a pair of tan leptons with the tau-pair subsequently decaying… (more)

Dutta, Valentina

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

A Search for the Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay of Xenon-136 with Improved Sensitivity from Denoising .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The EXO-200 detector is designed to search for the neutrinoless double beta decay of 136Xe. ??0? decay, if it occurs in nature, would demonstrate the… (more)

Davis, Clayton G.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Study of $?(3686)\\to?^0 h_c, h_c\\to??_c$ via $?_c$ exclusive decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The process $\\psi(3686) \\to \\pi^0 h_c, h_c \\to \\gamma \\eta_c$ has been studied with a data sample of $106 \\pm 4$ million $\\psi(3686)$ events collected with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII storage ring. The mass and width of the $P$-wave charmonium spin-singlet state $h_c(^1P_1)$ are determined by simultaneously fitting distributions of the $\\pi^0$ recoil mass for 16 exclusive $\\eta_c$ decay modes. The results, $M(\\hc) = 3525.31 \\pm 0.11 {\\rm (stat.)} \\pm 0.14 {\\rm (syst.)}$\\,MeV/$c^2$ and $\\Gamma(\\hc) = 0.70 \\pm 0.28 \\pm 0.22$\\,MeV, are consistent with and more precise than previous measurements. We also determine the branching ratios for the 16 exclusive $\\eta_c$ decay modes, five of which have not been measured previously. New measurements of the $\\eta_c$ line-shape parameters in the $E1$ transition $h_c\\to\\gamma\\eta_c$ are made by selecting candidates in the $h_c$ signal sample and simultaneously fitting the hadronic mass spectra for the 16 $\\eta_c$ decay channels. The resulting $\\eta_c$ mass and width values are $M(\\eta_c) = 2984.49 \\pm 1.16 \\pm 0.52$\\,MeV/$c^2$ and $\\Gamma(\\eta_c) = 36.4 \\pm 3.2 \\pm 1.7$\\,MeV.

The BESIII Collaboration; M. Ablikim; M. N. Achasov; O. Albayrak; D. J. Ambrose; F. F. An; Q. An; J. Z. Bai; Y. Ban; J. Becker; J. V. Bennett; M. Bertani; J. M. Bian; E. Boger; O. Bondarenko; I. Boyko; R. A. Briere; V. Bytev; X. Cai; O. Cakir; A. Calcaterra; G. F. Cao; S. A. Cetin; J. F. Chang; G. Chelkov; G. Chen; H. S. Chen; J. C. Chen; M. L. Chen; S. J. Chen; X. Chen; Y. B. Chen; H. P. Cheng; Y. P. Chu; D. Cronin-Hennessy; H. L. Dai; J. P. Dai; D. Dedovich; Z. Y. Deng; A. Denig; I. Denysenko; M. Destefanis; W. M. Ding; Y. Ding; L. Y. Dong; M. Y. Dong; S. X. Du; J. Fang; S. S. Fang; L. Fava; F. Feldbauer; C. Q. Feng; R. B. Ferroli; C. D. Fu; J. L. Fu; Y. Gao; C. Geng; K. Goetzen; W. X. Gong; W. Gradl; M. Greco; M. H. Gu; Y. T. Gu; Y. H. Guan; A. Q. Guo; L. B. Guo; Y. P. Guo; Y. L. Han; F. A. Harris; K. L. He; M. He; Z. Y. He; T. Held; Y. K. Heng; Z. L. Hou; H. M. Hu; T. Hu; G. M. Huang; G. S. Huang; J. S. Huang; X. T. Huang; Y. P. Huang; T. Hussain; C. S. Ji; Q. Ji; Q. P. Ji; X. B. Ji; X. L. Ji; L. L. Jiang; X. S. Jiang; J. B. Jiao; Z. Jiao; D. P. Jin; S. Jin; F. F. Jing; N. Kalantar-Nayestanaki; M. Kavatsyuk; W. Kuehn; W. Lai; J. S. Lange; C. H. Li; Cheng Li; Cui Li; D. M. Li; F. Li; G. Li; H. B. Li; J. C. Li; K. Li; Lei Li; Q. J. Li; S. L. Li; W. D. Li; W. G. Li; X. L. Li; X. N. Li; X. Q. Li; X. R. Li; Z. B. Li; H. Liang; Y. F. Liang; Y. T. Liang; G. R. Liao; X. T. Liao; B. J. Liu; C. L. Liu; C. X. Liu; C. Y. Liu; F. H. Liu; Fang Liu; Feng Liu; H. Liu; H. H. Liu; H. M. Liu; H. W. Liu; J. P. Liu; K. Y. Liu; Kai Liu; P. L. Liu; Q. Liu; S. B. Liu; X. Liu; Y. B. Liu; Z. A. Liu; Zhiqiang Liu; Zhiqing Liu; H. Loehner; G. R. Lu; H. J. Lu; J. G. Lu; Q. W. Lu; X. R. Lu; Y. P. Lu; C. L. Luo; M. X. Luo; T. Luo; X. L. Luo; M. Lv; C. L. Ma; F. C. Ma; H. L. Ma; Q. M. Ma; S. Ma; T. Ma; X. Y. Ma; Y. Ma; F. E. Maas; M. Maggiora; Q. A. Malik; Y. J. Mao; Z. P. Mao; J. G. Messchendorp; J. Min; T. J. Min; R. E. Mitchell; X. H. Mo; C. Morales Morales; C. Motzko; N. Yu. Muchnoi; H. Muramatsu; Y. Nefedov; C. Nicholson; I. B. Nikolaev; Z. Ning; S. L. Olsen; Q. Ouyang; S. Pacetti; J. W. Park; M. Pelizaeus; H. P. Peng; K. Peters; J. L. Ping; R. G. Ping; R. Poling; E. Prencipe; M. Qi; S. Qian; C. F. Qiao; X. S. Qin; Y. Qin; Z. H. Qin; J. F. Qiu; K. H. Rashid; G. Rong; X. D. Ruan; A. Sarantsev; B. D. Schaefer; J. Schulze; M. Shao; C. P. Shen; X. Y. Shen; H. Y. Sheng; M. R. Shepherd; X. Y. Song; S. Spataro; B. Spruck; D. H. Sun; G. X. Sun; J. F. Sun; S. S. Sun; Y. J. Sun; Y. Z. Sun; Z. J. Sun; Z. T. Sun; C. J. Tang; X. Tang; I. Tapan; E. H. Thorndike; D. Toth; M. Ullrich; G. S. Varner; B. Wang; B. Q. Wang; D. Wang; D. Y. Wang; K. Wang; L. L. Wang; L. S. Wang; M. Wang; P. Wang; P. L. Wang; Q. Wang; Q. J. Wang; S. G. Wang; X. L. Wang; Y. D. Wang; Y. F. Wang; Y. Q. Wang; Z. Wang; Z. G. Wang; Z. Y. Wang; D. H. Wei; J. B. Wei; P. Weidenkaff; Q. G. Wen; S. P. Wen; M. Werner; U. Wiedner; L. H. Wu; N. Wu; S. X. Wu; W. Wu; Z. Wu; L. G. Xia; Z. J. Xiao; Y. G. Xie; Q. L. Xiu; G. F. Xu; G. M. Xu; H. Xu; Q. J. Xu; X. P. Xu; Z. R. Xu; F. Xue; Z. Xue; L. Yan; W. B. Yan; Y. H. Yan; H. X. Yang; Y. Yang; Y. X. Yang; H. Ye; M. Ye; M. H. Ye; B. X. Yu; C. X. Yu; H. W. Yu; J. S. Yu; S. P. Yu; C. Z. Yuan; Y. Yuan; A. A. Zafar; A. Zallo; Y. Zeng; B. X. Zhang; B. Y. Zhang; C. Zhang; C. C. Zhang; D. H. Zhang; H. H. Zhang; H. Y. Zhang; J. Q. Zhang; J. W. Zhang; J. Y. Zhang; J. Z. Zhang; S. H. Zhang; X. J. Zhang; X. Y. Zhang; Y. Zhang; Y. H. Zhang; Y. S. Zhang; Z. P. Zhang; Z. Y. Zhang; G. Zhao; H. S. Zhao; J. W. Zhao; K. X. Zhao; Lei Zhao; Ling Zhao; M. G. Zhao; Q. Zhao; Q. Z. Zhao; S. J. Zhao; T. C. Zhao; X. H. Zhao; Y. B. Zhao; Z. G. Zhao; A. Zhemchugov; B. Zheng; J. P. Zheng; Y. H. Zheng; B. Zhong; J. Zhong; Z. Zhong; L. Zhou; X. K. Zhou; X. R. Zhou; C. Zhu; K. Zhu; K. J. Zhu; S. H. Zhu; X. L. Zhu; Y. C. Zhu; Y. M. Zhu; Y. S. Zhu; Z. A. Zhu; J. Zhuang; B. S. Zou; J. H. Zou

2012-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

446

Resistive internal kink modes in a differentially rotating cylindrical plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The resistive internal kink modes in a differentially rotating cylindrical plasma column are studied. It is shown that the Velikhov effect, which causes the magnetorotational instability in astrophysics, contributes to the magnetic hill/well and thereby enhances or suppresses these modes, depending on the character of radial profile of the rotation frequency. It is pointed out that, in the case of unfavorable rotation frequency profile, such a rotation-induced magnetic hill can exceed the hill effect due to the plasma pressure gradient. Under this condition, there appears a new variety of resistive-interchange modes, which are referred to as rotational modes. On the other hand, for a favorable rotation frequency profile, the Velikhov effect suppresses the resistive-interchange modes. These results concern the m>1 modes, where m is the poloidal mode number. In the case of perturbations with m=1, the favorable rotation frequency profile leads to decreasing the growth rate of the reconnecting mode.

Mikhailovskii, A. B.; Lominadze, J. G.; Galvao, R. M. O.; Churikov, A. P.; Erokhin, N. N.; Konovalov, S. V.; Smolyakov, A. I.; Tsypin, V. S. [Institute of Nuclear Fusion, Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute, 1, Kurchatov Sq., Moscow 123182 (Russian Federation); Kharadze Abastumani National Astrophysical Observatory, 2a, Kazbegi Ave., Tbilisi 0160 (Georgia); Physics Institute, University of Sao Paulo, Cidade Universitaria, 05508-900, Sao Paulo (Brazil) and Brazilian Center for Physics Research, Rua Xavier Sigaud, 150, 22290-180, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Syzran Branch of Samara Technical University, 45, Sovetskaya Str., Syzran, Samara Region 446001 (Russian Federation); Institute of Nuclear Fusion, Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute, Kurchatov Sq., 1, Moscow 123182 (Russian Federation); University of Saskatchewan, 116 Science place, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5E2 (Canada) and Institute of Nuclear Fusion, Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute, Kurchatov Sq., 1, Moscow 123182 (Russian Federation); Brazilian Center for Physics Research, Rua Xavier Sigaud, 150, 22290-180, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

447

Diagnostic for two-mode variable valve activation device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method is provided for diagnosing a multi-mode valve train device which selectively provides high lift and low lift to a combustion valve of an internal combustion engine having a camshaft phaser actuated by an electric motor. The method includes applying a variable electric current to the electric motor to achieve a desired camshaft phaser operational mode and commanding the multi-mode valve train device to a desired valve train device operational mode selected from a high lift mode and a low lift mode. The method also includes monitoring the variable electric current and calculating a first characteristic of the parameter. The method also includes comparing the calculated first characteristic against a predetermined value of the first characteristic measured when the multi-mode valve train device is known to be in the desired valve train device operational mode.

Fedewa, Andrew M

2014-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

448

Zero Net Energy Myths and Modes of Thought  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

mypp.html. ———. (2009). "Net-Zero Energy CommercialZero Net Energy Myths and Modes of Thought  Nicholas B.  AC02? 05CH11231. Page | i Zero Net Energy Myths and Modes of

Rajkovich, Nicholas B.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Cladding-pumped passive harmonically mode-locked fiber laser  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A passive harmonically mode-locked fiber laser cladding pumped by a broad-area diode-laser array is described. Harmonic mode locking is obtained in a frequency range from 33.3 to 128.6...

Fermann, M E; Minelly, J D

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Sandia National Laboratories: BES Web Highlight: Single-mode...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ClimateECEnergyEnergy EfficiencyBES Web Highlight: Single-mode gallium nitride nanowire lasers BES Web Highlight: Single-mode gallium nitride nanowire lasers "Solid-state Lighting:...

451

Designation of Mode Mix in Orthotropic Composite Delamination Problems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In interfacial fracture modeling of composite delamination, mode mix is typically specified in terms of energy release rates. Other near-tip quantities can be used to designate mode mix, however. This paper consi...

S.H. Narayan; J.L. Beuth

452

Stabilization of Resistive Kink Modes in the Tokamak  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Optimized current profiles are shown to be capable of providing simultaneous stability against all resistive kink modes in the tokamak.

A. H. Glasser; H. P. Furth; P. H. Rutherford

1977-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

453

Viscoelastic modes in a strongly coupled, cold, magnetized dusty plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A generalized hydrodynamical model has been used to study the low frequency modes in a strongly coupled, cold, magnetized dusty plasma. Such plasmas exhibit elastic properties due to the strong correlations among dust particles and the tensile stresses imparted by the magnetic field. It has been shown that longitudinal compressional Alfven modes and elasticity modified transverse shear mode exist in such a medium. The features of these collective modes are established and discussed.

Banerjee, Debabrata; Mylavarapu, Janaki Sita; Chakrabarti, Nikhil [Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, I/AF Bidhannagar, Calcutta 700 064 (India)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

454

Skyrmion vibration modes within the rational map ansatz  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the vibration modes of the Skyrme model within the rational map ansatz. We show that the vibrations of the radial profiles and the rational maps are decoupled and we consider explicitly the cases B=1, B=2, and B=4. We then compare our results with the vibration modes obtained numerically by Barnes et al. and show that qualitatively the rational map reproduces the vibration modes obtained numerically but that the vibration frequencies of these modes do not match very well.

Lin, W. T.; Piette, B. [Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Durham, Durham, DH1 3LE (United Kingdom)

2008-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

455

Skyrmion Vibration Modes within the Rational Map Ansatz  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the vibration modes of the Skyrme model within the rational map ansatz. We show that the vibrations of the radial profiles and the rational maps are decoupled and we consider explicitly the case B=1, B=2 and B=4. We then compare our results with the vibration modes obtained numerically by Barnes et al. and show that qualitatively the rational map reproduces the vibration modes obtained numerically but that the vibration frequencies of these modes do not match very well.

W. T. Lin; B. Piette

2008-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

456

The Influence of Topology Changes on Inter-area Oscillation Modes and Mode Shapes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The topology of a power grid network is a piece of critical information for power grid operations. Different power grid topologies can change grid characteristics, inter-area oscillation modes, mode shapes, and even the robustness of the power system. This paper presents some preliminary study results, based on an approved WECC operating case and a modified low damping WECC system, to show the impact of topology changes resulting from N-1 contingencies on power system modes and mode shapes. The results show that topology changes can have very different impact on modal properties in a power system: some result in unstable situation, while others can improve small signal stability. For the former, the studies show about 4.5% damping reduction, so 5% damping margin would be required to ensure the system can sustain the contingencies. For the latter, those topology changes could be used as a control method to improve small signal stability. Mode shapes normally do not change when there is an N-1 topology change. These observations suggest that the inclusion of topological information is useful for improving the accuracy and effectiveness of power system control schemes.

Chen, Yousu; Fuller, Jason C.; Diao, Ruisheng; Zhou, Ning; Huang, Zhenyu; Tuffner, Francis K.

2011-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

457

Normal modes, virtual modes, and alternative representations in the theory of surface?duct sound propagation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a theoretical study of sound propagation in an ocean?surface duct. It deals with several aspects of the theory from a point of view which has not heretofore been taken in the analyses of this problem. The model used to describe a duct assumes the ocean surface to be smooth and the square of the refractive index to be bilinear. Alternative representations of the sound field excited by a point source are derived the two playing the most significant role in this paper being the residue series and the normal?mode representation. It is shown that the depth functions of the residue series do not form a complete set as those of a normal?mode representation must and that the normal?mode spectrum is continuous rather than discrete. The completeness properties of the normal?mode functions are then utilized in a study of the energy?trapping capabilities of the duct. In this connection virtual modes are introduced and shown to lead naturally to the derivation of a leakage coefficient characteristic of the exponential leakage of energy out of the duct with increasing range. In addition a cutoff?frequency criterion useful in determining when a surface duct can trap energy is derived.

Frank M. Labianca

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Observing CP Violation in Many-Body Decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is well known that observing CP violation in many-body decays could provide strong evidence for physics beyond the Standard Model. Many searches have been carried out; however, no 5sigma evidence for CP violation has yet been found in these types of decays. A novel model-independent method for observing CP violation in many-body decays is presented in this paper. It is shown that the sensitivity of this method is significantly larger than those used to-date.

Mike Williams

2011-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

459

T violation in radiative $\\beta$ decay and electric dipole moments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In radiative $\\beta$ decay, $T$ violation can be studied through a spin-independent $T$-odd correlation. We consider contributions to this correlation by beyond the standard model (BSM) sources of $T$-violation, arising above the electroweak scale. At the same time such sources, parametrized by dimension-6 operators, can induce electric dipole moments (EDMs). As a consequence, the manifestations of the $T$-odd BSM physics in radiative $\\beta$ decay and EDMs are not independent. Here we exploit this connection to show that current EDM bounds already strongly constrain the spin-independent $T$-odd correlation in radiative $\\beta$ decay.

Dekens, W G

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Sensitivity Increases for the TITAN Decay Spectroscopy Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The TITAN facility at TRIUMF has recently initiated a program of performing decay spectroscopy measurements in an electron-beam ion-trap (EBIT). The unique environment of the EBIT provides backing-free storage of the radioactive ions, while guiding charged decay particles from the trap centre via the strong magnetic field. This measurement technique is able to provide a significant increase in detection sensitivity for photons which result from radioactive decay. A brief overview of this device is presented, along with methods of improving the signal-to-background ratio for photon detection by reducing Compton scattered events, and eliminating vibrational noise.

Leach, K G; Grossheim, A; Andreoiu, C; Dilling, J; Frekers, D; Good, M; Seeraji, S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n1875 decay modes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Sensitivity Increases for the TITAN Decay Spectroscopy Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The TITAN facility at TRIUMF has recently initiated a program of performing decay spectroscopy measurements in an electron-beam ion-trap (EBIT). The unique environment of the EBIT provides backing-free storage of the radioactive ions, while guiding charged decay particles from the trap centre via the strong magnetic field. This measurement technique is able to provide a significant increase in detection sensitivity for photons which result from radioactive decay. A brief overview of this device is presented, along with methods of improving the signal-to-background ratio for photon detection by reducing Compton scattered events, and eliminating vibrational noise.

K. G. Leach; A. Lennarz; A. Grossheim; C. Andreoiu; J. Dilling; D. Frekers; M. Good; S. Seeraji

2014-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

462

Searches for new physics in top decays at the LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The search for new physics in top quark decays at the LHC is reviewed in this paper. Results from ATLAS and CMS experiments on top quark decays within the Standard Model are presented together with the measurements of the W boson polarizations and the study of the structure of the Wtb vertex. As a natural step forward, the experimental status on measurements sensitive to top quark couplings to gauge bosons (\\gamma, Z, W and H) is reviewed as well as possible top quark decays Beyond the Standard Model (MSSM and FCNC).

A. Onofre

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

463

Empirical Survey of Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay Matrix Elements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neutrinoless double beta decay has been the subject of intensive theoretical work as it represents the only practical approach to discovering whether neutrinos are Majorana particles or not, and whether lepton number is a conserved quantum number. Available calculations of matrix elements and phase-space factors are reviewed from the perspective of a future large-scale experimental search for neutrinoless double beta decay. Somewhat unexpectedly, a uniform inverse correlation between phase space and the square of the nuclear matrix element emerges. As a consequence, no isotope is either favored or disfavored; all have qualitatively the same decay rate per unit mass for any given value of the Majorana mass.

R. G. H. Robertson

2013-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

464

A Search for Invisible Decays of the Upsilon(1S)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We search for invisible decays of the {Upsilon}(1S) meson using a sample of 91.4 x 10{sup 6} {Upsilon}(3S) mesons collected at the BABAR/PEP-II B Factory. We select events containing the decay {Upsilon}(3S) {yields} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -} {Upsilon}(1S) and search for evidence of an undetectable {Upsilon}(1S) decay recoiling against the dipion system. We set an upper limit on the branching fraction {Beta}({Upsilon}(1S) {yields} invisible) < 3.0 x 10{sup ?4} at the 90% confidence level.

Aubert, B.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Prudent, X.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Martinelli, M.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, D.N.; Hooberman, B.; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G. /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UC, Riverside /UC, San Diego /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /Frascati /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /Harvard U. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Orsay, LAL /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT, LNS /McGill U. /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /INFN, Milan /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /Mt. Holyoke Coll. /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /INFN, Naples /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U. /Oregon U. /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /INFN, Padua /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /Paris U., VI-VII /Pennsylvania U. /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Princeton U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /Rostock U. /Rutherford /DAPNIA, Saclay /SLAC /South Carolina U. /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SUNY, Albany /Tel Aviv U. /Tennessee U. /Texas U. /Texas U., Dallas /INFN, Turin /Turin U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /Valencia U., IFIC /Victoria U. /Warwick U. /Wisconsin U., Madison

2009-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

465

A Search for Invisible Decays of the Upsilon(1S)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We search for invisible decays of the Upsilon(1S) meson using a sample of 91.4 x 10^{6} Upsilon(3S) mesons collected at the BaBar/PEP-II B-factory. We select events containing the decay Upsilon(3S) -> pi+ pi- Upsilon(1S) and search for evidence of an undetectable Upsilon(1S) decay recoiling against the dipion system. We set an upper limit on the branching fraction BR(Upsilon(1S) -> invisible) < 3.0 x 10^{-4} at the 90% confidence level.

The BABAR Collaboration; B. Aubert

2009-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

466

Power consumption optimization in multi-mode mobile relay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power consumption optimization in multi-mode mobile relay C´edric L´evy-Bencheton #1 , Guillaume-mode can reduce terminal power consumption. Software Defined Radio is an enabler towards multi through relays, is another solution to reduce power consumption. We look at multi-mode relaying, where

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

467

Theory of passive harmonic mode-locking using waveguide arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

laser," Opt. Lett. 23, 123-125 (1998). 3. M. E. Fermann and J. D. Minelly, "Cladding-pumped passive theoretical treatment is given of the phe- nomenon of harmonic mode-locking in a laser cavity mode Optical Society of America OCIS codes: (140.4050) Mode-locked lasers; (060.5530) Pulse propagation

468

Two surface plasmon decay of plasma oscillations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The interaction of ultra-intense lasers with solid foils can be used to accelerate ions to high energies well exceeding 60 MeV. The non-linear relativistic motion of electrons in the intense laser radiation leads to their acceleration and later to the acceleration of ions. Ions can be accelerated from the front surface, the foil interior region, and the foil rear surface (TNSA, most widely used), or the foil may be accelerated as a whole if sufficiently thin (RPA). Here, we focus on the most widely used mechanism for laser ion-acceleration of TNSA. Starting from perfectly flat foils we show by simulations how electron filamentation at or inside the solid leads to a spatial modulations in the ions. The exact dynamics depend very sensitively on the chosen initial parameters which has a tremendous effect on electron dynamics. In the case of step-like density gradients we find evidence that suggests a two-surface-plasmon decay of plasma oscillations triggering a Raileigh-Taylor-like instability.

Kluge, Thomas; Zeil, Karl; Bussmann, Michael; Schramm, Ulrich; Cowan, Thomas E

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Charm semileptonic decays from E791  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the results of a measurement of the form factor ratios r{sub V}=V(0)/A{sub 1}(0), r{sub 2}=A{sub 2}(0)/A{sub 1}(0) and r{sub 3}=A{sub 3}(0)/A{sub 1}(0) in the decays D{sup +}{r_arrow}{bar K}{sup {asterisk}0}scr(l){sup +}{nu}{sub scr(l)}, with {bar K}{sup {asterisk}0}{r_arrow}K{sup {minus}}{pi}{sup +}, and D{sub s}{sup +}{r_arrow}{phi}scr(l){sup +}{nu}{sub scr(l)}, with {phi}{r_arrow}K{sup {minus}}K{sup +}, using data from charm hadroproduction experiment E791 at Fermilab. We also report the results of an E791 measurement of the branching fraction B(D{sup +}{r_arrow}{rho}{sup 0}scr(l){sup +}{nu}{sub scr(l)})/B(D{sup +}{r_arrow}{bar K}{sup {asterisk}0}scr(l){sup +}{nu}{sub scr(l)}). {copyright} {ital 1999 American Institute of Physics.}

Fermilab E791 Collaboration

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Search For Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The HEIDELBERG-MOSCOW experiment, which is the most sensitive double beta decay experiment since ten years has been regularly continued until end of November 2003. An analysis of the data has been performed already until May 20, 2003. The experiment yields now, on a 4? level, evidence for lepton number violation and proves that the neutrino is a Majorana particle. It further shows that neutrino masses are degenerate. In addition it puts several stringent constraints on other physics beyond the Standard Model. Among others it opens the door to test various supersymmetric theory scenarios, for example it gives the sharpest in the R-parity violating part of the superpotential, and limit on the parameter ? ? 111 gives information on the splitting of the sneutrino-antisneutrino system. The result from the HEIDELBERG-MOSCOW experiment is consistent with recent results from CMB investigations, with high energy cosmic rays, with the result from the g-2 experiment and with recent theoretical work. It is indirectly supported by the analysis of other Ge double beta experiments. Recent criticism of various kind has been shown to be wrong, among others by measurements performed in 2003 with a 214Bi source ( 226Ra), by simulation of the background in the range of Q?? by GEANT4, and by deeper investigation of statistical features such as sensitivity of peak search, and relevance of width of window of analysis. 1

H. V. Klapdor-kleingrothaus *a; I. V. Krivosheina A; A. Dietz A

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Channeling of positrons from. mu. /sup +/ decay  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The first attempt to observe the steering or channeling effect of a host crystal lattice on the trajectories of decay positrons from interstitial positive muons is described. An enhanced (flux peaking) or diminished (blocking) positron counting rate for emission along a low index crystalline axis would be evidence of such an effect and would help to determine the lattice location of the emitting muon. The expected angular widths of these features is approximately 0.2/sup 0/. A 29.8 MeV/c surface ..mu../sup +/ beam was stopped in a high quality silicon crystal wafer which was elastically bent to a good approximation to a spherical cap. This brought the (100) axes, which were initially normal to the wafer surface, to a focus at the radius of curvature R = 110 cm. The normalized e/sup +/ rate was measured as a function of position with a small two-counter scintillation telescope which was moved through the focus. We found no evidence for channeling at the 17% level, suggesting that the ..mu../sup +/ in Si either (1) makes large vibratory excursions, (2) occupies a site of low symmetry, or (3) occupies one of several possible inequivalent stopping sites.

Patterson, B.D. (Simon Fraser Univ., Burnaby, British Columbia); Arrott, A.S.; Wichert, T.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Inflation, Symmetry, and B-Modes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We examine the role of using symmetry and effective field theory in inflationary model building. We describe the standard formulation of starting with an approximate shift symmetry for a scalar field, and then introducing corrections systematically in order to maintain control over the inflationary potential. We find that this leads to models in good agreement with recent data. On the other hand, there are attempts in the literature to deviate from this paradigm by envoking other symmetries and corrections. In particular: in a suite of recent papers, several authors have made the claim that standard Einstein gravity with a cosmological constant and a massless scalar carries conformal symmetry. They further claim that such a theory carries another hidden symmetry; a global SO(1,1) symmetry. By deforming around the global SO(1,1) symmetry, they are able to produce a range of inflationary models with asymptotically flat potentials, whose flatness is claimed to be protected by these symmetries. These models tend to give rise to B-modes with small amplitude. Here we explain that these authors are merely introducing a redundancy into the description, not an actual conformal symmetry. Furthermore, we explain that the only real (global) symmetry in these models is not at all hidden, but is completely manifest when expressed in the Einstein frame; it is in fact the shift symmetry of a scalar field. When analyzed systematically as an effective field theory, deformations do not generally produce asymptotically flat potentials and small B-modes, but other types of potentials with B-modes of large amplitude; nicely compatible with recent BICEP2 data. Such simple models typically also produce the observed red spectral index, Gaussian fluctuations, etc. In short: simple models of inflation, organized by expanding around a shift symmetry, are in excellent agreement with recent data.

Mark P. Hertzberg

2014-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

473

Single-mode fiber, velocity interferometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we describe a velocity interferometer system based entirely on single-mode fiber optics. This paper includes a description of principles used in developing the single-mode velocity interferometry system (SMV). The SMV design is based on polarization-insensitive components. Polarization adjusters are included to eliminate the effects of residual birefringence and polarization dependent losses in the interferometers. Characterization measurements and calibration methods needed for data analysis and a method of data analysis are described. Calibration is performed directly using tunable lasers. During development, we demonstrated its operation using exploding-foil bridge-wire fliers up to 200 m/s. In a final test, we demonstrated the SMV in a gas gun experiment up to 1.2 km/sec. As a basis for comparison in the gas gun experiment, we used another velocimetry technique that is also based on single-mode fiber optics: photonic Doppler velocimetry (PDV). For the gas gun experiment, we split the light returned from a single target spot and performed a direct comparison of the homodyne (SMV) and heterodyne (PDV) techniques concurrently. The two techniques had a negligible mean difference and a 1.5% standard deviation in the one-dimensional shock zone. Within one interferometer delay time after a sudden Doppler shift, a SMV unencumbered by multimode-fiber dispersion exhibits two color beats. These beats have the same period as PDV beats--this interference occurs between the ''recently'' shifted and ''formerly unshifted'' paths within the interferometer. We believe that recognizing this identity between homodyne and heterodyne beats is novel in the shock-physics field. SMV includes the conveniences of optical fiber, while removing the time resolution limitations associated with the multimode delivery fiber.

Krauter, K. G.; Jacobson, G. F.; Patterson, J. R.; Nguyen, J. H.; Ambrose, W. P. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Ave., Livermore California 94551 (United States)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

474

Progress towards top-up mode operations at the Advanced Photon Source  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Advanced Photon Source (APS) is a 7-GeV third-generation synchrotron radiation source. To provide a more stable beam for users in September 1998 we began commissioning a new operating mode called “top-up.” In this mode the beam current does not decay but is maintained at a high level using frequent injection while photon shutters are open and photon beams are delivered to users. The exhaustive analysis for top-up safety will be reviewed as well as the hardware and software required for top-up operation. Operational experience so far includes testing aspects of top-up injection delivering beam to X-ray users for a few hours with fractional current stability of 0.001 and routinely providing beam to users by refilling the ring to 100 mA every 12 hours with shutters open. Top-up performance issues encountered are short-lived orbit and emittance transients during the injection event which appear in user experiments as X-ray beam brightness dips. Planned system modifications to reduce these beam transients are described. The main operational issue left for continuous top-up injection will then be sharing the injector system with other operations.

L. Emery; M. Borland

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Predictions of Alpha Heating in ITER L-mode and H-mode Plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Predictions of alpha heating in L-mode and H-mode DT plasmas in ITER are generated using the PTRANSP code. The baseline toroidal field of 5.3 T, plasma current ramped to 15 MA and a flat electron density profile ramped to Greenwald fraction 0.85 are assumed. Various combinations of external heating by negative ion neutral beam injection, ion cyclotron resonance, and electron cyclotron resonance are assumed to start half-way up the density ramp. The time evolution of plasma temperatures and, for some cases, toroidal rotation are predicted assuming GLF23 and boundary parameters. Significant toroidal rotation and flow-shearing rates are predicted by GLF23 even in the L-mode phase with low boundary temperatures, and the alpha heating power is predicted to be significant if the power threshold for the transition to H-mode is higher than the planned total heating power. The alpha heating is predicted to be 8-76 MW in L-mode at full density. External heating mixes with higher beam injection power have higher alpha heating power. Alternatively if the toroidal rotation is predicted assuming that the ratio of the momentum to thermal ion energy conductivity is 0.5, the flow-shearing rate is predicted to have insignificant effects on the GLF23- predicted temperatures, and alpha heating is predicted to be 8-20 MW. In H-mode plasmas the alpha heating is predicted to depend sensitively on the assumed pedestal temperatures. Cases with fusion gain greater than 10 are predicted to have alpha heating greater than 80 MW.

R.V. Budny

2011-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

476

NSTX Failure Modes & Effects Analysis / NSTX-FMEA-71-10 / p. 1 of 115 FAILURE MODES AND EFFECTS ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NSTX Failure Modes & Effects Analysis / NSTX-FMEA-71-10 / p. 1 of 115 NSTX FAILURE MODES AND EFFECTS ANALYSIS (FMEA) Revision 10 Dated: November 2014 Prepared By: Name/WBS Signature Name: ________________________________________________ Ron Strykowsky, NSTX Upgrade Project Manager #12;NSTX Failure Modes & Effects Analysis / NSTX-FMEA-71

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

477

A Toy Model Study of Decay Trapping | Superconducting Magnet Division  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Toy Model Study of Decay Trapping, reported by Brett Parker A Toy Model Study of Decay Trapping, reported by Brett Parker Introduction A group from the BNL Superconducting Magnet Division is looking at various options for dipole magnets which would be suitable for use in a muon storage ring that is used as a neutrino factory. Since the useful neutrino beams from a neutrino factory come from straight sections it is desirable to minimize the rings arc circumference, in relation to straight section length, in order to ensure that the fraction of muons which decay in the straight section is as large as possible. Therefore superconducting magnets, with higher B-fields and smaller bend radii, are reasonable to consider for this application. Unfortunately the decay electrons generated along with the neutrinos carry on average about a third of the original

478

Fate of the false monopoles: Induced vacuum decay  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study a gauge theory model where there is an intermediate symmetry breaking to a metastable vacuum that breaks a simple gauge group to a U(1) factor. Such a model admits the existence of metastable magnetic monopoles, which we dub false monopoles. We prove the existence of these monopoles in the thin-wall approximation. We determine the instantons for the collective coordinate that corresponds to the radius of the monopole wall and we calculate the semiclassical tunneling rate for the decay of these monopoles. The monopole decay consequently triggers the decay of the false vacuum. As the monopole mass is increased, we find an enhanced rate of decay of the false vacuum relative to the celebrated homogeneous tunneling rate due to S. R. Coleman [Subnuclear series 13, 297 (1977).].

Kumar, Brijesh [Physics Department, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, 400076 (India); Groupe de physique des particules, Departement de physique, Universite de Montreal, Case Postale 6128, succursale Centre-ville, Montreal, Quebec, H3C 3J7 (Canada); Paranjape, M. B. [Groupe de physique des particules, Departement de physique, Universite de Montreal, Case Postale 6128, succursale Centre-ville, Montreal, Quebec, H3C 3J7 (Canada); Yajnik, U. A. [Physics Department, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, 400076 (India); Groupe de physique des particules, Departement de physique, Universite de Montreal, Case Postale 6128, succursale Centre-ville, Montreal, Quebec, H3C 3J7 (Canada); Department of Physics, Ernest Rutherford Physics Building, McGill University, 3600 rue University, Montreal, Quebec, H3A 2T5 (Canada)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

479

Covariant Wave Function Reduction and Coherent Decays of Kaon Pair  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The recently developed relativistically covariant formulation of wave function reduction is illustrated for Lipkin's proposal to study CP violation in the coherent decay of kaon pairs. Covariant results are obtained in agreement with an amplitude approach proposed in the literature.

Bernd A. Berg

1998-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

480

Recent Results in Semileptonic B Decays With BaBar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this note, recent results of studies of semileptonic B meson decays from \\babar\\ are discussed and preliminary results given. In particular, a recent measurement of $\\mathcal{B}(B \\to D^{(*)}\\tau \

B. K. Hamilton

2011-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "n1875 decay modes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Solvable models of resonances and decays Pavel Exner  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

6. More about the decay laws 20 7. Quantum graphs 26 8. High-energy behavior of quantum many aspects that a review like this one cannot cover all of them; our ambition is to give just

482

Evidence of the Higgs Boson Decaying into Two Photons.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??A search for the standard model Higgs boson decaying to two photons will be presented. The analysis will cover 5.1 fb-1 and 19.6 fb-1 of… (more)

Berry, Douglas R

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Chaotic Quantum Decay in Driven Biased Optical Lattices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum decay in an ac driven biased periodic potential modeling cold atoms in optical lattices is studied for a symmetry broken driving. For the case of fully chaotic classical dynamics the classical exponential decay is quantum mechanically suppressed for a driving frequency \\omega in resonance with the Bloch frequency \\omega_B, q\\omega=r\\omega_B with integers q and r. Asymptotically an algebraic decay ~t^{-\\gamma} is observed. For r=1 the exponent \\gamma agrees with $q$ as predicted by non-Hermitian random matrix theory for q decay channels. The time dependence of the survival probability can be well described by random matrix theory. The frequency dependence of the survival probability shows pronounced resonance peaks with sub-Fourier character.

S. Mossmann; C. Schumann; H. J. Korsch

2005-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

484

Renewal convergence rates and correlation decay for homogeneous pinning models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A class of discrete renewal processes with super-exponentially decaying inter-arrival distributions coincides with the infinite volume limit of general homogeneous pinning models in their localized phase. Pinning models are statistical mechanics systems to which a lot of attention has been devoted both for their relevance for applications and because they are solvable models exhibiting a non-trivial phase transition. The spatial decay of correlations in these systems is directly mapped to the speed of convergence to equilibrium for the associated renewal processes. We show that close to criticality, under general assumptions, the correlation decay rate, or the renewal convergence rate, coincides with the inter-arrival decay rate. We also show that, in general, this is false away from criticality. Under a stronger assumption on the inter-arrival distribution we establish a local limit theorem, capturing thus the sharp asymptotic behavior of correlations.

Giambattista Giacomin

2007-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

485

The Decays of Luminescent KBr and LiF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A photo-multiplier, together with electronic pulse techniques, has been used to investigate the luminescent decay of KBr and LiF after irradiation with x-rays, at various temperatures. Decay curves plotted on a log-log scale are linear for KBr at 21°C and for LiF at 21°C and 0°C, with an average slope of 1.2. The curves for KBr at 0°C and the temperature of dry ice and acetone have linear upper and lower parts, connected by an intermediate curved part. It is suggested that the upper linear part is due to the decay of F? centers, and the lower part to the decay of F centers. The emission spectrum of KBr consists of 2 bands, a strong one centered at 4550A and a weaker one at 5300A, while that of LiF extends into the ultraviolet below 3000A.

A. H. Morrish and A. J. Dekker

1950-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

486

Strong decays of excited baryons in Large Nc QCD  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the analysis of the strong decays widths of excited baryons in the framework of the 1/Nc expansion of QCD. These studies are performed up to order 1/Nc and include both positive and negative parity excited baryons.

Goity, J. L. [Physics Dept., Hampton University, Hampton, VA 23668 (United States); TJNAF, Newport News, VA 23606 (United States); Scoccola, N. N. [Lab. TANDAR, CNEA, Av.Libertador 8250, 1429 Buenos Aires (Argentina); CONICET, Rivadavia 1917, 1033 Buenos Aires (Argentina); Universidad Favaloro, Solis 453, 1078 Buenos Aires (Argentina)

2007-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

487

Sterile neutrino search with kaon decay at rest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Monoenergetic muon neutrinos (235.5 MeV) from positive kaon decay at rest are considered as a source for an electron neutrino appearance search. In combination with a liquid argon time projection chamber based detector, ...

Spitz, Joshua B.

488

Charmless Hadronic B Decays at BaBar  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report recent measurements for the branching fractions of charmless hadronic B decays obtained from data collected by the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy collider at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center.

Burke, James P.; /Liverpool U.

2007-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

489

Beta decay of 32Ar for fundamental tests  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

32 Ar(e + nu e ) decay to test isospin symmetry breaking corrections: fragmentation facility (MSU-NSCL) * Where does ATLAS fit in to this? A bridge from stability to 32 Ar...

490

Comment on "Evidence for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We comment on the recent claim for the experimental observation of neutrinoless double-beta decay. We discuss several limitations in the analysis provided in that paper and conclude that there is no basis for the presented claim.

C. E. Aalseth; F. T. Avignone III; A. Barabash; F. Boehm; R. L. Brodzinski; J. I. Collar; P. J. Doe; H. Ejiri; S. R. Elliott; E. Fiorini; R. J. Gaitskell; G. Gratta; R. Hazama; K. Kazkaz; G. S. King III; R. T. Kouzes; H. S. Miley; M. K. Moe; A. Morales; J. Morales; A. Piepke; R. G. H. Robertson; W. Tornow; P. Vogel; R. A. Warner; J. F. Wilkerson

2002-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

491

New results in rare allowed muon and pion decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simple dynamics, few available decay channels, and highly controlled radiative and loop corrections, make pion and muon decays a sensitive means of exploring details of the underlying symmetries. We review the current status of the rare decays: pi+ -> e+ nu, pi+ -> e+ nu gamma, pi+ -> pi0 e+ nu, and mu+ -> e+ nu nu-bar gamma. For the latter we report new preliminary values for the branching ratio B(E_gamma >10 MeV, theta_(e-gamma) > 30deg) = 4.365 (9)_stat (42)_syst x 10^{-3}, and the decay parameter eta-bar = 0.006 (17)_stat (18)_syst, both in excellent agreement with standard model predictions. We review recent measurements, particularly by the PIBETA and PEN experiments, and near-term prospects for improvement. These and other similar precise low energy studies complement modern collider results materially.

D. Pocanic; E. Munyangabe; M. Bychkov; V. A. Baranov; W. Bertl; Yu. M. Bystritsky; E. Frlez; V. A. Kalinnikov; N. V. Khomutov; A. S. Korenchenko; S. M. Korenchenko; M. Korolija; T. Kozlowski; N. P. Kravchuk; N. A. Kuchinsky; M. C. Lehman; D. Mekterovic; D. Mzhavia; A. Palladino; P. Robmann; A. M. Rozhdestvensky; I. Supek; P. Truoel; Z. Tsamalaidze; A. van der Schaaf; B. Vandevender; E. P. Velicheva; V. P. Volnykh

2014-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

492

Observation of New Charmless Decays of Bottom Hadrons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We search for new charmless decays of neutral b hadrons to pairs of charged hadrons, using 1??fb[superscript -1] of data collected by the CDF II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron. We report the first observation of the ...

Xie, Si

493

Model-independent approaches to QCD and B decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate theoretical expectations for B-meson decay rates in the Standard Model. Strong-interaction effects described by quantum chromodynamics (QCD) make this a challenging endeavor. Exact solutions to QCD are not ...

Arnesen, Christian

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

ALPHA-DECAY STUDIES IN THE HEAVY-ELEMENT REGION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

231, Curium-242, and Americium-241 (Thesis), AECU-2757 (rimental Results A. Alpha Decay of Americium-243 L Alpha-Particle Energy of Americium-243 New Alpha Groups of

Hummel, John Philip

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Double beta decay experiments: beginning of a new era  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The review of current experiments on search and studying of double beta decay processes is done. Results of the most sensitive experiments are discussed and values of modern limits on effective Majorana neutrino mass ($) are given. New results on two neutrino double beta decay are presented. The special attention is given to new current experiments with mass of studied isotopes more than 100 kg, EXO--200 and KamLAND--Zen. These experiments open a new era in research of double beta decay. In the second part of the review prospects of search for neutrinoless double beta decay in new experiments with sensitivity to $$ at the level of $\\sim 0.01-0.1$ eV are discussed. Parameters and characteristics of the most perspective projects (CUORE, GERDA, MAJORANA, SuperNEMO, EXO, KamLAND--Zen, SNO+) are given.

A. S. Barabash

2012-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

496

Unparticle effects on neutrinoless and neutrino double beta decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The neutrinoless and neutrinos double beta decays are investigated in an effective theory where a scalar unparticle is introduced. We calculate the contributions of a virtual unparticle to the rates of 0?2? and 2?2? decays. The unparticle effect is negligibly small when the scaling dimension d of unparticle lies in the region 1.1–1.9. But it can be relatively large when d approaches to 1 or 2. We also study the neutrinoless double beta decay with a real unparticle in the final state which cannot be distinguished from 2?2? decay in experiment. We consider the unparticle effect on extracting the neutrino mass parameter m?? from experimental data and find that it can be relatively large when d takes certain values.

Chun-Xu Zhang; Ming-Qiu Huang; Ming Zhong

2008-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

497

A Direct Measurement of the $W$ Decay Width  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A direct measurement of the W boson total decay width is presented in proton-antiproton collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV using data collected by the CDF II detector. The measurement is made by fitting a simulated signal to the tail of the transverse mass distribution in the electron and muon decay channels. An integrated luminosity of 350 pb{sup -1} is used, collected between February 2002 and August 2004. Combining the results from the separate decay channels gives the decay width as 2.038 {+-} 0.072 GeV in agreement with the theoretical prediction of 2.093 {+-} 0.002 GeV. A system is presented for the management of detector calibrations using a relational database schema. A description of the implementation and monitoring of a procedure to provide general users with a simple interface to the complete set of calibrations is also given.

Vine, Troy; /University Coll. London

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

A precision measurement of the muon decay parameter delta  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The muon decay parameter delta characterizes momentum dependence of the parity-violating muon decay asymmetry. A new measurement of delta has been performed using the first physics data recorded by the TWIST experiment at TRIUMF. The obtained value, delta=0.74964+-0.00066(stat.)+-0.00112(syst.), is consistent with the Standard Model expectation delta=3/4. This is the first determination of delta performed using a blind analysis technique. Combined with other data, the measurement sets new model-independent limits on effective right-handed couplings of the muon. Improved limits on the product of another muon decay parameter, xi, and the muon polarization in pion decay, Pmu, are obtained in the form: 0.9960Pmu*xi<=xi<1.0040, at 90% confidence level. Implications for left-right symmetric models are discussed.

Gaponenko, Andrei

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

A precision measurement of the muon decay parameter delta  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The muon decay parameter delta characterizes momentum dependence of the parity-violating muon decay asymmetry. A new measurement of delta has been performed using the first physics data recorded by the TWIST experiment at TRIUMF. The obtained value, delta=0.74964+-0.00066(stat.)+-0.00112(syst.), is consistent with the Standard Model expectation delta=3/4. This is the first determination of delta performed using a blind analysis technique. Combined with other data, the measurement sets new model-independent limits on effective right-handed couplings of the muon. Improved limits on the product of another muon decay parameter, xi, and the muon polarization in pion decay, Pmu, are obtained in the form: 0.9960Pmu*xi<=xi<1.0040, at 90% confidence level. Implications for left-right symmetric models are discussed.

Andrei Gaponenko

2011-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

500

Effect of Trapped Energetic Particles on the Resistive Wall Mode  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A stability analysis for the resistive wall mode is studied in the presence of trapped energetic particles (EPs). When the EPs' beta exceeds a critical value, a fishbonelike bursting mode (FLM) with an external kink eigenstructure can exist. This offers the first analytic interpretation of the experimental observations [Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 045001 (2009)]. The mode-particle resonances for the FLM and the q=1 fishbone occur in different regimes of the precession frequency of EPs. In certain ranges of the plasma rotation speed and the EPs' beta, a mode conversion can occur between the resistive wall mode and FLM.

Hao, G. Z.; Wang, A. K.; Qiu, X. M. [Southwestern Institute of Physics, Post Office Box 432, Chengdu 610041 (China); Liu, Y. Q. [Euratom/CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 3DB (United Kingdom)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z