Sample records for muni rwanda senegal

  1. MUNI Ways and Structures Building Integrated Solar Membrane Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, Randall

    2014-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The initial goal of the MUNI Ways and Structures Building Integrated Solar Membrane Installation Project was for the City and County of San Francisco (CCSF) to gain experience using the integrated higher efficiency solar photovoltaic (PV) single-ply membrane product, as it differs from the conventional, low efficiency, thin-film PV products, to determine the feasibility of success of larger deployment. As several of CCSF’s municipal rooftops are constrained with respect to weight restrictions, staff of the Energy Generation Group of the San Francisco Public Utilities Commission (SFPUC) proposed to install a solar PV system using single-ply membrane The installation of the 100 kW (DC-STC) lightweight photo voltaic (PV) system at the MUNI Ways and Structures Center (700 Pennsylvania Ave., San Francisco) is a continuation of the commitment of the City and County of San Francisco (CCSF) to increase the pace of municipal solar development, and serve its municipal facilities with clean renewable energy. The fourteen (14) solar photovoltaic systems that have already been installed at CCSF municipal facilities are assisting in the reduction of fossil-fuel use, and reduction of greenhouse gases from fossil combustion. The MUNI Ways & Structures Center roof has a relatively low weight-bearing capacity (3.25 pounds per square foot) and use of traditional crystalline panels was therefore rejected. Consequently it was decided to use the best available highest efficiency Building-Integrated PV (BIPV) technology, with consideration for reliability and experience of the manufacturer which can meet the low weight-bearing capacity criteria. The original goal of the project was to provide an opportunity to monitor the results of the BIPV technology and compare these results to other City and County of San Francisco installed PV systems. The MUNI Ways and Structures Center was acquired from the Cookson Doors Company, which had run the Center for many decades. The building was renovated in 1998, but the existing roof had not been designed to carry a large load. Due to this fact, a complete roofing and structural analysis had to be performed to match the available roof loading to the existing and/or new solar PV technology, and BIPV was considered an excellent solution for this structure with the roof weight limitations. The solar BIPV system on the large roof area was estimated to provide about 25% of the total facility load with an average of 52,560 kWh per month. In order to accomplish the goals of the project, the following steps were performed: 1. SFPUC and consultants evaluated the structural capability of the facility roof, with recommendations for improvements necessary to accommodate the solar PV system and determine the suitable size of the system in kilowatts. The electrical room and switchgear were evaluated for any improvements necessary and to identify any constraints that might impede the installation of necessary inverters, transformers or meters. 2. Development of a design-build Request for Proposal (RFP) to identify the specifications for the solar PV system, and to include SFPUC technical specifications, equipment warranties and performance warranties. Due to potential labor issues in the local solar industry, SFPUC adjusted the terms of the RFP to more clearly define scope of work between electricians, roofers and laborers. 3. Design phase of project included electrical design drawings, calculations and other construction documents to support three submittals: 50% (preliminary design), 90% (detailed design) and 100% (Department of Building Inspection permit approved). 4. Installation of solar photovoltaic panels, completion of conduit and wiring work, connection of inverters, isolation switches, meters and Data Acquisition System by Contractor (Department of Public Works). 5. Commissioning of system, including all necessary tests to make the PV system fully functional and operational at its rated capacity of 100 kW (DC-STC). Following completion of these steps, the solar PV system was installed and fully integrated by la

  2. Brasil-Senegal: Seminrio Internacional

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brasil-Senegal: Seminário Internacional sociedade, poder e cultura, desafios da contemporaneidade - 12:30h 1ª Mesa Redonda: Gênero, Família e Juventude no Brasil e no Senegal: permanências e mudanças. Sonia Maria Giacomini (PUC-Rio) Gênero, poder e religião: as religiões de matriz africana no Brasil

  3. Development on the Margins: Rwanda Alternative Grassroots Economic Strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Courtney

    2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Land scarcity in Rwanda has long been and continues to be a topic of concern for citizens and government officials alike. In a country where agricultural laborers account for an estimated 85% of the total work force (Rwanda ...

  4. Nuts and BoltsNuts and Bolts Clean Energy Muni Finance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Nuts and BoltsNuts and Bolts Clean Energy Muni Finance UC Berkeley Renewable and Appropriate Energy Financing · Financing cost administered through property taxg g bill · Little or no upfront cost to property Financing Options Special AssessmentsSpecial Assessments · Allow public improvements to be financed

  5. PIRATA Northeast Extension 2008 Cruise Report Dakar, Senegal to Dakar, Senegal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PIRATA Northeast Extension 2008 Cruise Report R/V Antea Dakar, Senegal to Dakar, Senegal Chief. NOAA arranged a smaller-scale cruise by chartering the French R/V Antea in October 2008 through GENAVIR, the French organization that operates the Antea. This cruise focused upon servicing the PNE moorings

  6. Potential Savings for Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, Nigeria and Senegal from BUENAS modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Letschert, Virginie E.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, Nigeria and Senegal from BUENASCote d’Ivoire, Ghana, Nigeria, and Senegal, which togetherGhana Million m 2 GWh Nigeria Senegal Source: BUENAS 2008

  7. Senegal-GTZ Programme to Promote Rural Electrification and a...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Promote Rural Electrification and a Sustainable Supply of Domestic Fuel Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Senegal-GTZ Programme to promote rural electrification and a sustainable...

  8. Senegal: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd JumpInformationScottsOklahoma: Energy ResourcesOpenSenegal: Energy

  9. Brief Original Article Antibiotic susceptibility of Helicobacter pylori isolates in Dakar, Senegal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Brief Original Article Antibiotic susceptibility of Helicobacter pylori isolates in Dakar, Senegal Abstract Background: Helicobacter pylori is the primary cause of peptic ulcer disease and an etiologic. Keywords: Helicobacter pylori; antimicrobial susceptibility; Senegal J Infect Developing Countries 2009; 3

  10. Rwanda-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistma AG Jump to:Energy Information Rwanda

  11. China's Presence in Rwanda and Africa, through the Lens of the Product Life Cycle Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sofiani, Lily

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    >. "Looking-East-Rwanda-China-case-study." Home | ACET.849662/special-report-china-storms-africa>. "The Birth ofGift: The Real Story of China in Africa [Paperback]." N.p. ,

  12. Analysis and design of household rainwater catchment systems for rural Rwanda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cresti, Daria

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund International (DFGFI) contacted MIT in September 2006 for technical assistance to analyze the water-supply potential within the Bisate Sector, Musanze District, Rwanda. The present study focuses ...

  13. A case study of the management of coffee cooperatives in Rwanda 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goff, Samuel Neal

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to assess the management practices of three coffee cooperatives in Rwanda and, subsequently, modify existing educational curricular modules in order to address the identified areas of need. ...

  14. A case study of the management of coffee cooperatives in Rwanda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goff, Samuel Neal

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to assess the management practices of three coffee cooperatives in Rwanda and, subsequently, modify existing educational curricular modules in order to address the identified areas of need. Societal and institutional...

  15. Potential Savings for Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, Nigeria and Senegal from BUENAS modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Letschert, Virginie E.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    sector. Nigeria has a low reported energy consumption forNigeria Senegal Source: BUENAS 2008 and IEA for Industry Module 2: Unit Energy

  16. Institutional relationships and organizational change : lessons from a prominent African NGO in Dakar, Senegal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenberg, Alexa E. (Alexa Edwards)

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The November, 2007, street vendor riots in Dakar, Senegal, were one of the country's most powerful expressions of political and economic disintegration in recent times. Almost equally striking was the absence from these ...

  17. Energy assessment of Ivory Coast, Morocco, Nigeria, and Senegal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ghirardi, A.; Sathaye, J.; Goering, P.

    1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is an overview of the energy market in four West African countries: The Ivory Coast, Morocco, Nigeria, and Senegal. We feel these countries are representative of the West African region. Together they account for 75% of the total energy use in West Africa, 78% of GDP, and 76% of population. The purpose of the study is to analyze the evolution of energy demand in the context of the general socio-economic background of the region. The study also examines energy supply and trade related to the energy sector. The analysis focuses on the study of commercial fuels. Although we have reviewed studies of wood, solar, wind, and agricultural residues, we leave out detailed discussions of these non-commercial energy forms. The first part of the report is an assessment of the trends in energy demand in the four study countries. We discuss the main factors driving energy demand sector by sector. This is followed by a review of the primary energy resources of the countries, and of the capacity for production of secondary fuels. The last section looks at energy trade, with particular emphasis on the role of the United States.

  18. Rwanda-National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP-GSP) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistma AG Jump to:Energy Information Rwanda Eastern Africa

  19. Rwanda-Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) in the Congo Basin

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistma AG Jump to:Energy Information Rwanda Eastern Africa|

  20. Rwanda-Project to Develop a National Strategy on Climate Change and Low

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistma AG Jump to:Energy Information Rwanda Eastern

  1. Rwanda-Project to Develop a National Strategy on Climate Change and Low

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistma AG Jump to:Energy Information Rwanda EasternCarbon

  2. GROUPE D'ANALYSE ET DE THORIE CONOMIQUE LYON -ST TIENNE Rural electrification in Rwanda : A measure of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    from Lake Kivu and generate electrical power, that would benefit Rwandan people. The project has two in Rwanda valuing people's contribution for electrification, an innovative design is pro- posed, giving in which they would contribute their money. Results show that people prefer to contribute in time rather

  3. Factors influencing the willingness to pay for agricultural information delivery technologies by cooperative-oriented agribusinesses in Rwanda: evidence from the Abahuzamugambi Coffee Growers Cooperative of Maraba.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haba, Sharon

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This study was designed to identify the factors influencing the willingness to pay for agricultural information delivery technologies among the farmers in the Abahuzamugambi Coffee Growers Cooperative located in Butare, Rwanda. Three hundred and six...

  4. The World Bank's Participatory Development Approach in the Country Assistance Strategy (CAS) Paper for the Republic of Senegal: Rhetoric or Reality?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ndiaye, Rokhaya

    2009-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The aim of this thesis is to study the World Bank's participatory development process in the 2007 Country Assistance Strategy (CAS) for the Republic of Senegal. I seek to shed light on the question of whether or not the ...

  5. Paul Muni Special: Celebrating 1975 to 1985

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    JUSTICE. eds. Jan Lindner & Kendra Hunter Third place - CASA CABRILLO. ed. Theresa Wr ight fAVORITE ANTHOLOGY (S /H) First place - WHO YOU KNOW ???? eds. Lucy Cr i bb & Elafne Hauptman Second place - CODE 7 1 Third place - TRACE ELEMENTS, eds. Pam... - "Mating Season". Laurie Haldeman. ZEBRA THREE tv Second place - "Never Go Drinking with Starsky". Shel1er Nichols. ME & THEE 1I Third place - "The Menu" . Theresa Wright. CASA CABRILLO (Rayelle Roe withdrew f rom nomi nation) fAVORITE HUMOR (S / H) Fi...

  6. Paul Muni Special: Celebrating 1975 to 1985 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved by: Chair of Committee, Margaret Slater Committee Members, Bo Norby James Jensen Head of Department, Evelyn Tiffany-Castiglioni August 2007 Major... the chance to tell my brother something he did not already know. My friends, for being there for me these past couple years. Melanie and Alice were with me when I started and saw me through until the end. They gave me strength and continued to laugh...

  7. The 2006 Naval S&T Partnership Conference is presented by NDIA with technical support from ONR The Naval Postgraduate School's Role

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    · Directed Energy Systems · Software Engineering · Combat System Physics · Electronic Warfare · SIGINT 1 Kenya 1 Nigeria 1 Rwanda 1 Senegal 1 Tanzania 1 Tunisia 4 11 #12;The 2006 Naval S&T Partnership

  8. MuniHELPS- Offered by 17 Utilities through the MMWEC

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Massachusetts Municipal Wholesale Electric Company (MMWEC) provides the Home Energy Loss Prevention Services (HELPS) Program to seventeen municipal utilities in Massachusetts.

  9. CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duke, J.A.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The contents of this book are: Introduction; Kenya; Korea (Republic of); Lesotho; Liberia; Malagasy; Malawi; Mali; Mauritania; Mexico, Mozambique, Nepal; Nicaragua; Niger; Nigeria; Pakistan; Panama; Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Rwanda; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Somalia; Sri Lanka; Sudana; Surinam; Swaziland; Tanzania; Thailand; Togo; Uganda; Uruguay; Venezuela; Zaire; Zambia; Appendix I. Conventional and Energetic Yields; Appendix II, Phytomass Files; and References.

  10. Computers and literacy in Senegal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sylla, Fatimata Seye

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis reports two exploratory studies on the use of compute:-s in education in a third world context. One study looks at elementary school children in Dakar in order to elucidate a set of research questions such as ...

  11. My Background Our Journey to Rwanda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for four to six months. We had minimal radiology facilities but a well-equipped modern surgical suite. One

  12. Rwanda: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎ |Rippey Jump to:WY) JumpLand Focus Area

  13. Senegal-ENDA Projects | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistma AG Jump638324°,Schnell ZTools

  14. Senegal: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistma AG Jump638324°,Schnell ZToolsSupply of Domestic Fuel

  15. Genocide, Nuptiality, and Fertility in Rwanda and Bosnia-Herzegovina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Staveteig, Sarah Elizabeth

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bosnia and Herzegovina." Croatian Medical Journal 48(2):167-demonyms (Serbian, Croatian, and Bosnian nationals). OttomanNation 2001). The fascist Croatian Army for independence,

  16. Genocide, Nuptiality, and Fertility in Rwanda and Bosnia-Herzegovina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Staveteig, Sarah Elizabeth

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Croatia. Minneapolis: Universityand gender attitudes in Croatia." Journal of Marriage andin Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, and Slovenia - The Labor

  17. Rwanda-Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) in the...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) in the Congo Basin AgencyCompany Organization Environment Canada, International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) Sector Climate, Energy,...

  18. Rural groundwater supply for the Volcanoes National Park region, Rwanda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zoghbi, Christiane A. (Christiane Antoine)

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Water scarcity is a major issue faced by both developed and developing countries. According to the Millennium Development Goals set by the United Nations, the number of people that do not have access to an improved water ...

  19. Rwanda-Developing a Strategic Climate Change Framework | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistma AG Jump to:

  20. Rwanda-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎ |Rippey Jump to:WY) JumpLand Focus Area ForestryRuthton(CTI

  1. Rwanda-Developing a Strategic Climate Change Framework | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd Jump to:Roscommon County,Vermont:Kentucky:Wisconsin: Energy Resources

  2. Turmoil doesn`t dampen enthusiasm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper discusses the outlook for the African gas and oil industries. Though Africa remains politically and economically volatile, its vast energy potential is becoming increasingly attractive to foreign oil and gas companies. Separate evaluations are given for Algeria, Egypt, Nigeria, Angola, Libya, Congo, Gabon, Tunisia, Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, and briefly for South Africa, Sudan, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Zaire, Benin, Mozambique, Chad, Namibia, Tanzania, Eritrea, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Morocco, Sao Tome and Principe, Ethiopia, Niger, Madagascar, Rwanda, Mauritania, Seychelles, Uganda, and Liberia.

  3. Paleoproterozoic evolution of Senegal in the Birimian Framework Herv THEVENIAUT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    deposits among which carbonate formations have been found. The upper part of this Group is characterized plutons. It is characterized as a syntectonic magmatic pulse generated in a tectonic context dominated International Geological Congress, Brisbane : Australia (2012)" #12;

  4. www.deafrica.net Botswana Ghana Mali Senegal Tanzania Zambia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that they achieve maximum impact. #12;5 Why assess impacts from energy interventions? World Bank: Clean energy change · Increasing energy access in Sub-Saharan Africa Annual investment needed: $4 billion · Current funding: $2 billion · Investment gap: $2 billion · Even if funding for energy investments raised

  5. arabia senegal sudan: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    as identification of the dominating microflora in water samples. Samples were taken monthly from different places in Khartoum State and Wadmedani district, Sudan. These samples...

  6. arabic acacia senegal: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Algeria. Open Access Theses and Dissertations Summary: ??This study analyses renewable energy policy in hydrocarbons-wealthy Arab states. Integrating elements of energy policy...

  7. arab republic senegal: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    renewable energy policy in hydrocarbons-wealthy Arab states. Integrating elements of energy policy analysis, Middle Eastern studies and sociotechnical governance theory, the...

  8. Senegal-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd JumpInformationScottsOklahoma: Energy ResourcesOpen Energy

  9. Senegal-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎ |Rippey JumpAir JumpCalifornia |Semikron JumpSenate Jump

  10. Senegal-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎ |Rippey JumpAir JumpCalifornia |Semikron JumpSenate

  11. Downtown Campus | 835 Market Street, 6th floor | Powell St. BART/Muni | www.cel.sfsu.edu | 415-405-7700 www.cel.sfsu.edu/project/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Institute, Inc. the PMI Registered education Provider Logo is a registered mark of the Project Management is approved by the Project Management Institute (PMI)® as a Registered education Provider (R.e.P.)® of project Body of Knowledge (PMBOK® Guide). Sf State extended Learning has agreed to abide by PMI established

  12. Downtown Campus | 835 Market Street, 6th floor | Powell St. BART/Muni | www.cel.sfsu.edu | 415-405-7700 www.cel.sfsu.edu/project/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Professional DeveloPment Program PMBOK is a registered mark of the Project Management Institute, Inc. the PMI by the Project Management Institute (PMI)® as a Registered education Provider (R.e.P.)® of project management of Knowledge (PMBOK® Guide). Sf State extended Learning has agreed to abide by PMI established qual- ity

  13. Downtown Campus | 835 Market Street, 6th floor | Powell St. BART/Muni | www.cel.sfsu.edu | 415-405-7700 www.cel.sfsu.edu/project/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Professional DeveloPment Program PMBOK is a registered mark of the Project Management Institute, Inc. the PMI by the Project Management Institute (PMI)® as a Registered education Provider (R.e.P.)® of project management of Knowledge (PMBOK® Guide). Sf State extended Learning has agreed to abide by PMI established quality

  14. Society to 2050 AD: Anthropological Forecasts Extrapolating Correlates of Modernization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denton, Trevor

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Arabia Senegal Serbia Montenegro Seychelles Sierra LeoneArabia Senegal Serbia Montenegro Seychelles Sierra LeoneArabia Senegal Serbia Montenegro Seychelles Sierra Leone

  15. biodiversity surveys of the nyungwe forest reserveIn S.W. Rwanda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fashing, Peter J.

    #12;The Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) is dedicated to saving wildlife and wildlands to assure president, William Hornaday initiated a program to save the white rhinos of South Africa. Since this time it also faces the extreme challenges of poverty, high human population growth, and rapidly changing

  16. China's Presence in Rwanda and Africa, through the Lens of the Product Life Cycle Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sofiani, Lily

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    South Africa where infrastructure and communication are more attractive to investors. Obstacles such as energy

  17. Deploying a Medical Record System in Rural Rwanda University of Washington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parikh, Tapan S.

    into a community of developers and users working toward better systems for managing health information. Our work to implement appropriate technology solutions. 2. INFRASTRUCTURE Rwinkwavu Hospital is in a remote town and has on solar power and generator and have no running water. All the sites have intermittent cellular coverage

  18. China's Presence in Rwanda and Africa, through the Lens of the Product Life Cycle Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sofiani, Lily

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    by trading in oil and natural resources. I cannot make mycountries rich in resources like oil benefit more from thethe oil, energy, water and many other natural resources its

  19. Rwanda-Project to Develop a National Strategy on Climate Change...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    for International Development, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Partner Smith School for Enterprise and Environment, University of Oxford Sector Climate, Energy,...

  20. Rwanda-National Adaptation Programs of Action to Climate Change | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd Jump to:Roscommon County,Vermont:Kentucky:Wisconsin: Energy ResourcesEnergy

  1. http://hsx.sagepub.com/ Homicide Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foroosh, Hassan

    and were enacted. Similarities and differences between Rwanda and Bosnia are described to explain how theory, Rwanda, Bosnia, Serbia Introduction Hagan and Rymond-Richmond (2009) pointed out

  2. Potential Savings for Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, Nigeria and Senegal from BUENAS modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Letschert, Virginie E.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    V. , 2007. Future Air Conditioning Energy Consumption inCommercial Industry Air Conditioning Cooking Fans Lighting90% of the country air conditioning (AC) consumption 4 . We

  3. Local and national electricity planning in Senegal: Scenarios and policies Aly Sanoh a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modi, Vijay

    sources in this region, electrification rates remain low. Rural electrification rates of around 15 for electrification remain the only approaches, expansion of access to new areas will be very slow. Rural areas Policy, 514 W 113th Street, New York, NY 10027, USA c Agence Sénégalaise D'Electricité Rurale, Ex Camp

  4. Potential Savings for Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, Nigeria and Senegal from BUENAS modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Letschert, Virginie E.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    model that calculates energy demand at the technology levelcalculated by comparing energy demand in the “Business-As-4 We calculate final energy demand according to unit energy

  5. Senegal-Partnership for Action on Green Economy (PAGE) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd JumpInformationScottsOklahoma: Energy ResourcesOpen

  6. Senegal-GTZ Programme to Promote Rural Electrification and a Sustainable

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistma AG Jump638324°,Schnell ZToolsSupply of Domestic Fuel |

  7. Senegal-UNEP Risoe-Technology Needs Assessment Program | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎ |Rippey JumpAir JumpCalifornia |Semikron

  8. Sizing the first flush and its effect on the storage-reliability-yield behavior of rainwater harvesting in Rwanda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doyle, Kelly C. (Kelly Carroll)

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rainwater harvesting is a technology used to supply water for domestic purposes in developing countries. Rooftop rainwater harvesting involves collection of rainwater from a rooftop via a guttering system and storage in a ...

  9. L'ANTHROPOLOGIE GENETIQUE ET LA QUESTION DE LA CITOYENNETE DANS LA REGION DES GRANDS LACS (RWANDA -BURUNDI)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    factions. Le conflit engagé concerne le droit à la citoyenneté, à vivre sur la terre de cette région

  10. Anne Cornet, Politiques de sant et contrle social au Rwanda. 1920-1940, Karthala, 2011, 472p.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    'origine militaire. Les médecins (ils sont 8 en 1930), les agents sanitaires et infirmiers européens sont aidés par des auxiliaires locaux, de mieux en mieux formés, soit à l'école d'infirmiers de Kitega (au Burundi

  11. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for 1980 (NDP-055)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.

    2002-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980. The biomass data and carbon estimates are associated with woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with estimating historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth's land surface and is comprised of countries that are located in tropical Africa (Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Benin, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Guinea-Bissau, Zimbabwe (Rhodesia), Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Burkina Faso (Upper Volta), Zaire, and Zambia). The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{trademark} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

  12. Understanding the Link between Tenure and Services for the Peri-Urban Poor: Case Studies from Senegal and India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ranganathan, Malini

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    al 2003). However, rural electrification has received muchto the creation of a separate rural electrification agency.electrification stems from the conviction that this growing group risks falling through the rural-

  13. ( IRD / C. Costantini) Ngor en Senegal. El fin de un paradigma cientfico sobre los efectos del cambio climtico? El calen-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    cambio climático? El calen- tamiento global no intensifica la subida de las aguas profundas frías pensaban que el calentamiento climático reforzaba los vientos ali- sios que, a su vez, provocaban estos del cambio global en los ecosistemas denominados de «upwelling» es esencial para prever el futuro de

  14. Pool Party TheELIWeekly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Dominican Republic Ecuador Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Nigeria Pakistan Qatar Saudi Arabia Senegal

  15. The Effect of Industrialization on Children’s Education – The Experience of Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Le Brun, Anne; Helper, Susan; Levine, David I.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    kid Returns to ed Returns to HS population % ppl in muniw/ toilet % ppl in muniw/ sewage % ppl in muni w/ electricity D=1 if HH urban % ppl

  16. The Sénégal 2000 Research Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diop, Momar coumba

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the first book, Le Senegal sous Abdou Diouf (Diop and Diouf.from Leopold Sedar Senghor to Abdou Diouf. The year 1987 wasat the time. Le Senegal sous Abdou Diozif identified, with

  17. RESEARCH Open Access Prevalence of molecular markers of Plasmodium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    in Dakar, Senegal Nathalie Wurtz1 , Bécaye Fall2 , Aurélie Pascual1 , Silmane Diawara2 , Kowry Sow2 , Eric

  18. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chester, Mikhail; Horvath, Arpad

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    $74,000 per mile. Total substations cost for the Muni systempower structure and substations construction costs have beenStructure ($M 1997 ) Cost of Substations ($M 1997 ) Caltrain

  19. Life-cycle Environmental Inventory of Passenger Transportation in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chester, Mikhail V

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    74,000 per mile.   Total  substations  cost  for  the  Muni structure  and  substations  construction  costs  have Structures ($M 1997 )  Cost of Substations ($M 1997 )  BART 

  20. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chester, Mikhail; Horvath, Arpad

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    $74,000 per mile. Total substations cost for the Muni systempower structure and substations construction costs have beenStructure ($M 1997 ) Cost of Substations ($M 1997 ) Caltrain

  1. Working Paper SchweizerischeFriedensstiftung

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    results by Rina Alluri and Karsten Palme. They both undertook excellent research in Rwanda and Croatia in peacebuilding______ 9 4 The tourism sector's engagement in peacebuilding in Croatia, Rwanda and Sri Lanka __________________________________________________ 27 #12;List of Graphs Graph 1: Tourist arrivals in Croatia, 1983-2007 16 Graph 2: Tourist arrivals

  2. Slide08 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Current Information Partners in WorldWideScience.org (cont.) Kenya Korea Lesotho Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Malawi Mauritius The Netherlands New Zealand Nigeria Portugal Senegal South...

  3. Essays on the politics of regulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weymouth, Stephen

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Iran Israel Jamaica Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kuwait KyrgyzHungary Tajikistan Romania Kazakhstan Senegal Czech RepublicBosnia and Herzegovina Kazakhstan Turkey Poland Belarus

  4. Hard Work, Hard Times: Global Volatility and African Subjectivities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Makhulu, Anne-Maria; Buggenhagen, Beth A.; Jackson, Stephen

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    risky voyage toward the Canary Islands (introduction, thisfishing vessels to the Canary Islands to participate inof origin for the Canary Island migrants were Senegal,

  5. E-Print Network 3.0 - africa 2007-2009 systematic Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Political Economy (Politics 381) Spring 2005, 2007, Fall 2009... Spring 2008 Politics & Media in Africa Spring 2006 (Senegal) African Politics Fall 2005 Race & Nation... Fiscal...

  6. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Arabia Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Seychelles Sierra LeoneBelgium Barbados Serbia and Montenegro Romania Japan SpainFreq. Poland Serbia & Montenegro Seychelles China Costa Rica

  7. Dr. David Kemp Australian Minister of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooperative Labeling and Appliance Standards Program Ghana rural electrification Botswana / Senegal clean coal ­ Southern States/Thailand ­ sustainable industry development ­ Southern States/Brazil ­ clean coal power

  8. Copyrighted Material INTRODUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landweber, Laura

    in eastern Bosnia where, on a hot August day in 2000, I stood witness to the first day that fo rensics lated bodies and missing souls of girls, boys, women, and men of Bosnia, Rwanda, eastern Congo

  9. Professor Paul van Gardingen Presentations & Invited Talks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Location 2008 Scottish Centre for Carbon Storage. British Embassy Washington DC. 2008 International building and research. Universitas 21. Annual Symposium Dublin. 2008 Sustainability in research and Research, Rwanda Kigali. 2007 International development. Activities and opportunities for Scottish higher

  10. 2010-2011 ANNUAl REPoRt O F Y E S H I V A U N I V E R S I T Y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenny, Paraic

    , Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa and Uganda. ·Each year, Einstein faculty members and some 50 medical, Einstein's Jack and Pearl Resnick Campus pulses with energy. Our research centers are where our world

  11. Prospects for Peace: Student Perceptions of Transitional

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    ­ Independence from Belgium · 1973 ­ Military Coup by Juvenal Habyarimana · 1989 ­ Years of drought; agriculture chances Rwanda has." Is Gacaca effective? Are Rwandans reconciling? Can Hutu and Tutsi live peacefully

  12. Fixing Failed States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, John

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Islands 15. Timor-Leste 16. Haiti 17. Sao Tome and PrincipePakistan 11. Ivory Coast 12. Haiti 13. Burma 14. Kenya 15.In Somalia, Rwanda, Haiti, and the former Yugoslavia, failed

  13. Mobile health for cancer in low to middle income countries: priorities for research and development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holeman, Isaac; Evans, Jay; Kane, Dianna; Grant, Liz; Pagliari, Claudia; Weller, David

    2014-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

    health insurance programmes in Mexico and Colombia have demonstrated that coordinated financing and procurement can reduce prices and expand access. Successful programmes in Malawi, Rwanda and Haiti have shown that effective diagnosis and treatment can...

  14. A Program Evaluation of a Rwandan Milk Collection Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balinas, Melanie Elizabeth

    2014-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    inhabitants per square kilometer. Land scarcity issues will increase with a growing population. Currently, 46% of Rwanda is cultivated (TechnoServe Rwanda, 2008). Of that land, the average farm household cultivates plots of one and a quarter acres (World Food...) revealed that 85% of the households were agriculturally based. Those households cultivate land and rely on agriculture as the primary or only source of income (World Food Programme, 2012). Food security and poverty issues persist with the current levels...

  15. The Scales of Sustainable Design in Developing Nations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quinn, S.; Cho, S.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Source (L): United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), Addis Ababa; Global Environment Outlook 2000 (GEO), UNEP, Earthscan, London, 1999. ESL-HH-10-08-04 IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE IN RWANDA Current Impacts... Commission for Africa (UNECA), Addis Ababa; Global Environment Outlook 2000 (GEO), UNEP, Earthscan, London, 1999. Mukankomeje, Rose. Impact of Climate Change in Rwanda. 2009. World Meteorological Organization (WMO), United Nation Environment Programme (UNEP...

  16. Journes Internationales de Thermique Albi, France du 28 au 30 Aot 2007 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    bord d'attaque d'une aube symétrique de turbine à gaz. Pour compléter l'étude le même calcul est calcul ANSYS CFX 5.7.1. Le cas étudié est une aube de turbine à gaz de forme symétrique munie de deux efficace employée dans le domaine du refroidissement des aubes de turbines à gaz. Dans cette technique, de

  17. Biofouling, 1998, Vol 13(2), pp 97-106 Reprints available directly from the publisher

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ricciardi, Anthony

    in the late 1960s. It has since fouled muni- cipal waterworks and power plant cooling systems in Korea, Japan. GLOBAL RANGE EXPANSION OF THE ASIAN MUSSEL LIMNOPERNA FORTUNEI (MYTILIDAE): ANOTHER FOULING THREAT worldwide (Morton, 1979; Callow, 1993). Fouling bivalves, in particular, have become serious threats

  18. The Limits of the Literary: Senegalese Writers Between French, Wolof and World Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Warner, Tobias Dodge

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dakar, Senegal. 10/2010. ” Diop, Abdou Rahmane. n.d. “EcoleNicki List, Sophie Coly, Abdou Mbodj, Habib Bâ and Aliouneat a daara [Quran school], Abdou Rahmane Diop wrote: The

  19. CenomanianTuronian organic sedimentation in North-West Africa: A comparison between the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    and DSDP wells (138, 367, 368 Sites) and petroleum exploration boreholes (CM7, CM10) in offshore Senegal. C Formation in Tunisia (El Albani et al., 1999). Since the introduction of the concept of Oceanic Anoxic

  20. Dr. Lee Slater uses travels to enrich FLET courses Dr. Lee Slater's activities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    able to meet the museum's founder (and Senegalese writer and poet), Annette Mbaye d'Erneville, and be her honored guests while in Senegal. In return, the students presented the poet with English

  1. Editors Kirsten Halsns & Amit Garg ENERGY, CLIMATE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Editors Kirsten Halsnæs & Amit Garg ENERGY, CLIMATE Sustainable Development, Energy and Climate Development, Energy and Climate Exploring Synergies and Tradeoffs Methodological Issues and Case Studies from Brazil, China, India, South Africa, Bangladesh and Senegal Editors Kirsten Halsnæs & Amit Garg ENERGY

  2. recommendations. The animal / vegetal pro-teins ratio (1.7 0.1 vs 2.9 0.2; P < 0.001 ),

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ), Senegal (S, n = 110), Bolivia (B, n = 127) and New Caledonia (NC, n = 90). At 4 months of age, infants received a high- energy-density commercial food supple- ment based on cereals and enriched with minerals

  3. Copyright 2003 The Times Mirror Company; Los Angeles Times All Rights Reserved

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to safe drinking water, energy and markets. The United Nations' 2003 Human Development Report, released, there are candidates for expanded aid right now: the vibrant democracies of Bangladesh, Bolivia, Ghana, Senegal

  4. The Scales of Sustainable Design in Developing Nations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quinn, S.; Cho, S.

    Commissioner for Regugees (UNHCR); International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL), www.ibcl.org/lm; Spatial data produced by FAO Africover ESL-HH-10-08-04 IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE IN RWANDA Overview Source: Google Earth ESL-HH-10-08-04 IMPACT OF CLIMATE...th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, 6-10 June 2005, Barcelona, Spain, http://re.jrc.ec.europa.eu/pvgis/. ESL-HH-10-08-04 RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES Hydropower Atlas of Rwanda ESL-HH-10-08-04 AKILAH INSTITUTE ? PHASE I...

  5. Multicommodity formulations for the prize collecting vehicle routing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    wells are pumped using artificial lift systems. One such system is the Mobile Oil Recovery (MOR) unit. The MOR unit is an artificial lift system which is used to exploit wells whose production is marginal, multiobjective. R´esum´e Les unit´es mobiles de pompage sont des camions munis d'un syst`eme d'ex- traction de p

  6. The Weight of Words Construction and Implications of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    The Weight of Words Construction and Implications of Genocide Discourse in Bosnia and Sudan #12 Genocide 1975-1979 - 2,000,000 Deaths Rwanda 1994 - 800,000 Deaths Bosnia Genocide 1992-1995 - 200 INEVITABLITY #12;Bosnia- background #12;"Ethnic Cleansing" Massacres Plundering of villages Rape Camps #12

  7. UNC Public Policy Faculty Receives $2.5 Million from NIEHS UNC Public Policy Professor Sudhanshu Handa and Assistant Professor Pamela Jagger received

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLaughlin, Richard M.

    of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) to support their project, The Health and Poverty Effects of a Large-Scale Cookstove Initiative in Rwanda. The project evaluates the impact of a private sector cookstove and fuel distribution intervention on exposure to airborne pollutants, health, and poverty. Household air pollution (HAP

  8. Florida Atlantic University Division of Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    research involve activities related to the proliferation of nuclear, chemical, or biological weapons, Cuba, Cyprus, Haiti, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Libya, N. Korea, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zaire (Democratic Republic of the Congo), Zimbabwe. Yes No Does

  9. The Innocent Habiyaremye Fellowship Information Networking Institute --Carnegie Mellon | 4616 Henry Street Pittsburgh, PA 15213 | Phone: 412.268.7195 | www.ini.cmu.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGaughey, Alan

    Henry Street · Pittsburgh, PA 15213 | Phone: 412.268.7195 | www.ini.cmu.edu Information Networking Institute (INI) who embodies a sense of community spirit in his or her everyday actions, while also meeting of an INI alumnus and a native of Rwanda who inspired others through his kindness and volunteer activities

  10. Georgia Water Resources Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , sponsored by NOAA, California Energy Commission, and CalFed; #12;EDUCATION AND TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER: USGS (Burundi, Congo, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda) and is used their information needs. In the US, INFORM is a project that is motivated by the water and energy shortages

  11. An Unsupervised Approach to Recognizing Discourse Relations Daniel Marcu and Abdessamad Echihabi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcu, Daniel

    , the sentence/clause pairs below. a. Such standards would preclude arms sales to states like Libya, which, for example, infer from sentence 1.a that "can- not buy arms legally(libya)", infer from sen- tence 1.b that "can buy arms legally(rwanda)", use our background knowledge in order to infer that "similar(libya

  12. ICTs as a tool for Gender socio-economic empowerment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heiser, Gernot

    level e-government applications Projects under identification Advanced China, Nepal, Rwanda, Malawi ... offering a full range of services #12;3 Our Vision "To unleash the power of human capital and give to increase efficiency, and usefulness of services for the various sectors utilizing ICTs in Public

  13. EPROM Update 10 Countries and Counting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herr, Hugh

    30% of the households in Rwanda that have electricity; a venture described on page 2. ENTREPRENEURIAL applications have been unique to the Rwandan market, ranging from auto insurance to local market price the service annually. This year he launched a mobile electricity payment system that has been adopted by over

  14. C E N T R E D 'E T U D E S E T D E R E C H E R C H E S

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    a property with an existing connection is often the only way for low income households to access piped water years. Keywords: Africa, Rwanda, water access, hedonic price, real estate, non-market valuation halshs, water access, electricity, transport and telecommunications. Meeting this dramatic rise in demand

  15. Documents de Travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Abdou Kâ DIONGUE, Dominique GUEGAN 2008.13 halshs-00259225,version1-27Feb2008 #12;The k-factor Gegenbauer Asymmetric Power GARCH approach for modelling electricity spot price dynamics Abdou Kâ Diongue: LERSTAD, UFR SAT, Université Gaston Berger de Saint-Louis, BP 234, Saint-Louis SENEGAL, e-mail: abdou

  16. Measuring the contribution of extractive industries to local

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    companies in Nigeria Research Center ESSEC Working Paper 1109 July 2011 Abdou Kâ Diongue Gaël Giraud Cécile development : the case of oil companies in Nigeria Abdou K^a Diongue Saint Louis University, Senegal Ga71, O12, O55. abdou.diongue@ugb.edu.sn gael.giraud@parisschoolofeconomics.fr renouard@essec.fr 1

  17. AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina Angola Armenia Bolivia Benin Azerbaijan Senegal Syria Seychelles Taiwan (Republic of China) Sierra Leone Tajikistan Somalia Thailand South Africa Kazakhstan Guinea Korea (North) Guinea-Bissau Korea (South) Kenya Kuwait Lesotho Kyrgyzstan Liberia Lao PDR

  18. Costing for National Electricity Interventions to Increase Access to Energy, Health Services, and Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modi, Vijay

    , and Education Senegal Final Report A Report to the World Bank by the Agence Sénégalaise d'Electrification Rurale Agence Sénégalaise d'Electrification Rurale EI Earth Institute ECOWAS Economic Community of West African States ERIL rural electrification projects initiated locally GIS Geographic Information System HH

  19. 5 6 Institut de recherche pour le dveloppement < Health/Benin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and nutrition; agriculture and aquaculture; impact of climate change and adaptation of societies; energy, Congo, DR Congo, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Madagascar, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania, Chad. 5 8 for proposals now in course of preparation concern agroforestry, energy in the South, protected areas

  20. International workshop: Planning for climate change through integrated coastal management. Volume 2: Country and regional reports

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This workshop included reports from the following countries: Argentina; Bulgaria; Egypt; Estonia; Fiji; Indonesia; Mozambique; Nigeria; Oman; The Philippines; Senegal; Sri Lanka; Suriname; Thailand; and Tuvalu; Regional reports were included on the following: Small Island Developing States of the Pacific; South Pacific Regional Environment Program; and Sea Level Rise Impacts on Central America.

  1. Organic matter characteristics of CenomanianTuronian source rocks: implications for petroleum and gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Organic matter characteristics of Cenomanian­Turonian source rocks: implications for petroleum from the Senegal margin basin, believed to be the main source rocks in the area, have been matter sources; Depositional environment; Petroleum source rock #12;1. Introduction Fig. 1. (a) Map

  2. IOL: Africa's big plans for biofuel Africa's big plans for biofuel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IOL: Africa's big plans for biofuel Africa's big plans for biofuel By Clare Byrne Visitors to Madagascar, Senegal to South Africa, biofuels is the buzzword as African countries wake up to the possibility of using their vast spaces to grow crops that reduce their fossil fuel bill. Biofuels also carry

  3. Agreements --General/Regional 171 GENERAL/REGIONAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Aaron

    ; Norway; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Russian Federation; Slovakia; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Ukraine New Guinea; Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Russian Federation; Senegal of the Atomic Energy (EURATOM) Date TreatyBasin Signatories TreatyName April 11, 1910 Aden Aden; Great Britain

  4. Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics Spring 2013 Solar Powered Well Pump

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demirel, Melik C.

    PENNSTATE Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics Spring 2013 Solar Powered Well Pump was inspired by an actual farm in Dakar, Senegal that is looking to improve their irrigation process. The primary challenges within this project were the specific benchmarks applicable to the Dakar farm

  5. 11:05 --IN THE SHADOW OF WORLD WAR II Erika Jerwick, Ethiopia, Italy, and the Politics of Race: 1896-1941

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Paul N.

    Women Soldiers in the American Civil War Benjamin Fox, U.S. Foreign Policy and the Iranian Revolution 9 of Federalist Imagery in 19th Century Argentina Lara Finkbeiner, The Hypocrisy of "Humanitarianism": Contradictions between Policy and Rhetoric on Slavery in Nineteenth-Century French Senegal 10:15--REFRESHMENTS 10

  6. Zero Emission Bay Area (ZEBA) Fuel Cell Bus Demonstration: First Results Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chandler, K.; Eudy, L.

    2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents the early implementation experience for the Zero Emission Bay Area (ZEBA) Demonstration, the largest fleet of fuel cell buses in the United States. The ZEBA Demonstration group includes five participating transit agencies: AC Transit (lead transit agency), Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority (VTA), Golden Gate Transit (GGT), San Mateo County Transit District (SamTrans), and San Francisco Municipal Railway (Muni). The ZEBA partners are collaborating with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to evaluate the buses in revenue service.

  7. Mieux nourrir le monde:Mieux nourrir le monde: notre dfi l'internationalnotre dfi l'international

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laval, Université

    Appui institutionnel au centre Ivoirien de recherches économiques et sociales (CIRES) (COTE D'IVOIRE COOP�RATION Amérique du Nord (�tats-Unis, Mexique) Amérique du Sud (Brésil, Nicaragua, Argentine, Uruguay, Mexique, Cuba, Haïti) Afrique (Sénégal, Rwanda, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Congo, Niger, Mozambique, Malawi

  8. The importance of context in delivering effective EIA: Case studies from East Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marara, Madeleine; Okello, Nick; Kuhanwa, Zainab; Douven, Wim; Beevers, Lindsay, E-mail: l.beevers@hw.ac.uk; Leentvaar, Jan

    2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reviews and compares the condition of the environmental impact assessment (EIA) system in three countries in the East Africa region: Kenya, Rwanda and Tanzania. The criteria used for the evaluation and the comparison of each system are based on the elements of the legal, administrative and procedural frameworks, as well as the context in which they operate. These criteria are adapted from the evaluation and quality control criteria derived from a number of literature sources. The study reveals that the EIA systems of Kenya and Tanzania are at a similar stage in their development. The two countries, the first to introduce the EIA concept into their jurisdiction in this part of Africa, therefore have more experience than Rwanda in the practice of environmental impact assessment, where the legislation and process requires more time to mature both from the governmental and societal perspective. The analysis of the administrative and procedural frameworks highlights the weakness in the autonomy of the competent authority, in all three countries. Finally a major finding of this study is that the contextual set up i.e. the socio-economic and political situation plays an important role in the performance of an EIA system. The context in developing countries is very different from developed countries where the EIA concept originates. Interpreting EIA conditions in countries like Kenya, Rwanda and Tanzania requires that the analysis for determining the effectiveness of their systems should be undertaken within a relevant framework, taking into account the specific requirements of those countries.

  9. Documents de Travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    industries to local development : the case of oil companies in Nigeria Abdou Kâ DIONGUE, Gaël GIRAUD, Cécile in Nigeria Abdou K^a Diongue Saint Louis University, Senegal Ga¨el Giraud CNRS, Paris School of Economics assessment. JEL Classification Numbers : C43, D21, F21, L71, O12, O55. abdou.diongue@ugb.edu.sn gael

  10. Ryazan Metal Ceramics Instrumentation Plant Joint Stock Co RMCIP JSC | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistma AG Jump to:Energy Information RwandaEnergy

  11. Ryuseki Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  12. S & P Opines on Securitizing Distributed Generation | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  13. S C P S | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  14. S R Biogas Energiesysteme AG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  15. S R Energy Systems GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  16. S Tile SA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistma AG Jump to:Energy Information RwandaEnergyRyusekiSSSS

  17. Adventures in Infectious Diseases

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Fisher-Hoch, Susan [University of Texas School of Public Health

    2014-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Dr. Susan Fisher-Hoch, Virologist and Epidemiologist, will discuss her research and travels associated with viral hemorrhagic fevers. From the Ebola outbreak in Reston, Virginia to outbreaks of Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever in South Africa, Senegal, and Saudi Arabia, Dr. Fisher-Hoch has studied and tracked the pathophysiology of these viral diseases. These studies have led her from the Center for Disease Control in the United States, to Lyon, France where she was instrumental in designing, constructing, and rendering operational a laboratory capable of containing some of the world's most dangerous diseases.

  18. World frontiers beckon oil finders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper discusses the international aspects of the petroleum industry. Most who work in the industry agree that the possibilities for huge are found largely in international regions. Something that is helping fuel that possibility is the way countries are increasingly opening their doors to US oil industry involvement. Listed in this paper is a partial list of the reported projects now underway around the world involving US companies. It is not intended to be comprehensive, but rather an indication of how work continues despite a general lull atmosphere for the oil industry. These include Albania, Bulgaria, Congo, Czechoslovakia, Dominican Republic, Ethiopia, Ireland, Malta, Madagascar, Mongolia, Mozambique, Nigeria, Panama, Paraquay, and Senegal.

  19. Senior Citizens' Center Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd JumpInformationScottsOklahoma: Energy ResourcesOpenSenegal: EnergyOpen

  20. Sensox | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  1. Sensus | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  2. Sentech Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd JumpInformationScottsOklahoma: Energy ResourcesOpenSenegal:Sensus

  3. Sentry Power LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd JumpInformationScottsOklahoma: Energy ResourcesOpenSenegal:SensusSentry

  4. Final Report for Harvesting a New Wind Crop: Innovative Economic Approaches for Rural America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Susan Innis; Randy Udall; Project Officer - Keith Bennett

    2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Final Report for ''Harvesting a New Wind Crop: Innovative Economic Approaches for Rural America'': This project, ''Harvesting a New Wind Crop'', helped stimulate wind development by rural electric cooperatives and municipal utilities in Colorado. To date most of the wind power development in the United States has been driven by large investor-owned utilities serving major metropolitan areas. To meet the 5% by 2020 goal of the Wind Powering America program the 2,000 municipal and 900 rural electric cooperatives in the country must get involved in wind power development. Public power typically serves rural and suburban areas and can play a role in revitalizing communities by tapping into the economic development potential of wind power. One barrier to the involvement of public power in wind development has been the perception that wind power is more expensive than other generation sources. This project focused on two ways to reduce the costs of wind power to make it more attractive to public power entities. The first way was to develop a revenue stream from the sale of green tags. By selling green tags to entities that voluntarily support wind power, rural coops and munis can effectively reduce their cost of wind power. Western Resource Advocates (WRA) and the Community Office for Resource Efficiency (CORE) worked with Lamar Light and Power and Arkansas River Power Authority to develop a strategy to use green tags to help finance their wind project. These utilities are now selling their green tags to Community Energy, Inc., an independent for-profit marketer who in turn sells the tags to consumers around Colorado. The Lamar tags allow the University of Colorado-Boulder, the City of Boulder, NREL and other businesses to support wind power development and make the claim that they are ''wind-powered''. This urban-rural partnership is an important development for the state of Colorado's rural communities get the economic benefits of wind power and urban businesses are able to claim the environmental benefits. The second method to reduce the cost of wind power we investigated involved access to cheap capital. Municipal utilities and rural electric cooperatives have access to low-interest loan programs and frequently finance projects through the sale of revenue bonds, but we were interested in the possibility for small businesses and community banks to provide equity and debt for wind projects. We worked with Boulder Community Hospital to explore their interest in partnering with other businesses and individuals to help catalyze the first community-owned wind project in Colorado. We also met with and gained interest from the independent community banks for the idea of wind power. These small banks may be restricted by lending limits, but are an integral part of rural communities and are very interested in the economic development opportunities wind power presents for small towns. This project was successful in getting six rural electric cooperatives and municipal utilities to purchase more than 25 MW of wind power in Colorado, Wyoming and Nebraska. These utilities also announced plans to explore an additional 100 MW or more of wind power development over the next few years. Finally, munis and coops in New Mexico began exploring wind power by offering small green power programs to their customers. WRA believes the lessons learned from this project will assist other municipal utilities and rural electric cooperatives as they develop wind projects.

  5. Locus control region HS2 point mutations are generally not responsible for elevated fetal hemoglobin expression of sickle cell patients

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gilman, J.G. [Montefiore Medical Center/Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY (United States); Brinson, E.C.; Milner, P.M. [Medical College of Georgia, Augusta (United States)] [and others

    1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The locus control region (LCR), composed of four hypersensitive sites (HS1-4) 5{prime} of the {epsilon} globin gene, confers strong, copy-number dependent expression on globin genes in transgenic mice. Several {beta}-globin gene cluster haplotypes carry the sickle cell gene, and show variable levels of fetal hemoglobin (Hb F) expression in association with DNA sequence differences in HS2, {gamma} and {beta} globin promoters, and {gamma}IVSII: The Senegal (SEN or No. 3) haplotype generally has high (>10%) Hb F, Benin (BEN or No. 19) has intermediate Hb F (but some low and some high), and Banu (BAN or No. 20) generally has low Hb F. Huisman and colleagues have proposed that `factors produced under conditions of hematopoietic stress, together with genetic determinants on the haplotype-3 like LCR sequences, allow for high level expression of {gamma} globin genes`. We have now used slot blot to screen high Hb F (>9.5%) and low Hb F cases for two of the three HS2 point mutations described by Oener et al. Comparing eight high Hb F BEN/BEN with two low Hb F BEN/BEN, all ten had the BEN mutations considered by Oener et al. to be associated with low Hb F. Comparing three high Hb F BEN/BAN with two low Hb F BEN/BAN, all five were heterozygous at three positions; this is consistent with BEN having G and T and BAN having A at both positions. DNA sequencing of HS2 for BAN, which is generally associated with low HB F, showed that the point mutations at all three positions were those seen in SEN (generally high Hb F); only the AT repeat region showed major differences, confirming results of Huisman and colleagues. Hence, if there is any effect of HS2 of the Senegal sickle cell haplotype in causing elevated Hb F under hematopoietic stress, it must be due to specific variation in the AT repeat region, which Oener et al. have suggested may bind a silencer.

  6. Structural analysis of the 5 prime flanking region of the. beta. -globin gene in African sickle cell anemia patients: Further evidence for three origins of the sickle cell mutation in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chebloune, Y.; Pagnier, J.; Trabuchet, G.; Faure, C.; Verdier, G.; Labie, D.; Nigon, V. (Universite Claude Bernard-Lyon, Villeurbane (France))

    1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Haplotype analysis of the {beta}-globin gene cluster shows two regions of DNA characterized by nonrandom association of restriction site polymorphisms. These regions are separated by a variable segment containing the repeated sequences (ATTTT){sub n} and (AT){sub x}T{sub y}, which might be involved in recombinational events. Studies of haplotypes linked to the sickle cell gene in Africa provide strong argument for three origins of the mutation: Benin, Senegal, and the Central African Republic. The structure of the variable segment in the three African populations was studied by S1 nuclease mapping of genomic DNA, which allows a comparison of several samples. A 1080-base-pair DNA segment was sequenced for one sample from each population. S1 nuclease mapping confirmed the homogeneity of each population with regard to both (ATTTT){sub n} and (AT){sub x}T{sub y} repeats. The authors found three additional structures for (AT){sub x}T{sub y} correlating with the geographic origin of the patients. Ten other nucleotide positions, 5{prime} and 3{prime} to the (AT){sub x}T{sub y} copies, were found to be variable when compared to homologous sequences from human and monkey DNAs. These results allow us to propose an evolutionary scheme for the polymorphisms in the 5{prime} flanking region of the {beta}-globin gene. The results strongly support the hypothesis of three origins for the sickle mutation in Africa.

  7. Nonblack patients with sickle cell disease have African. beta. sup s gene cluster haplotypes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rogers, Z.R.; Powars, D.R.; Williams, W.D. (Univ. of Southern California School of Medicine, Los Angeles (USA)); Kinney, T.R. (Duke Univ., Durham, NC (USA)); Schroeder, W.A. (California Institute of Technology, Pasadena (USA))

    1989-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Of 18 nonblack patients with sickle cell disease, 14 had sickle cell anemia, 2 had hemoglobin SC disease, and 2 had hemoglobin S-{beta}{sup o}-thalassemia. The {beta}{sup s} gene cluster haplotypes that were determined in 7 patients were of African origin and were identified as Central African Republic, Central African Republic minor II, Benin, and Senegal. The haplotype Central African Republic minor II was present on the {beta}{sup o}-thalassemia chromosome in 2 patients. None of 10 patients whose {alpha}-gene status was determined had {alpha}-thalassemia-2. These data strongly support the concept that the {beta}{sup s} gene on chromosome 11 of these individuals is of African origin and that the {alpha}-gene locus on chromosome 16 is of white or native American origin. The clinical severity of the disease in these nonblack patients is appropriate to their haplotype without {alpha}-thalassemia-2 and is comparable with that of black patients. All persons with congenital hemolytic anemia should be examined for the presence of sickle cell disease regardless of physical appearance or ethnic background.

  8. The Enemy Below - The Global Diffusion of Submarines and Related Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weiss, K G

    2002-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The end of the Cold War seemed to create a more peaceful international environment. September 11 reminded us of the dangers of complacency. Indeed, even before September 11 US forces had intervened in a number of wars and crises, including Panama, the Persian Gulf War, Somalia, Rwanda, Bosnia, Kosovo, several Taiwan Straits crises, the North Korea nuclear weapons crisis, and most recently Afghanistan. US ability to intervene in remote areas of the world is often dependent on the Navy's ability to project power ashore. As a result, US ability to influence events in crisis situations, especially between or among nuclear powers, may become more difficult along with our ability to conduct littoral warfare. Although the numbers of potentially hostile submarines have declined with the end of the Cold War, US anti-submarine warfare capabilities have also declined. Moreover, foreign submarines and related technologies are likely to diffuse globally. New technologies like Air Independent Propulsion (AIP), improved weapons and sensors will make conventional submarines more dangerous, and the spread of nuclear submarines even to a few more countries raise political, military, environmental, and safety concerns. Submarines are one of the key weapon systems used alone or in combination with other weapon systems such as coastal defense missiles, aircraft, and other sea-based missile platforms to deny US ability to project power ashore, Thus, other countries who wish to deny the US the ability to interfere with their regional or even global ambitions may emphasize the acquisition and/or development of submarines. As the world become more multipolar over the longer term, as the Chinese believe it will, countries such as Russia, China. etc., may be able to acquire the submarine capabilities to challenge us not just regionally, but in blue waters. To the extent that our alliance relationships require US naval access or superiority to sustain them, then our erstwhile friendly allies such as Japan, South Korea, ASEAN states, Taiwan, etc., may seek their own arrangements with other powers for their protection or seek WMD capabilities to offset the former reliance on the US. In addition to a loss of unchallenged regional access, the US may have to devote greater resources for protecting its homeland, and perhaps its sea-based deterrent, from hostile submarine forces.