National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for multiple states interstate

  1. Interstate Commission on the Potomac River Basin (Multiple States)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Interstate Commission on the Potomac River Basin's (ICPRB) mission is to enhance, protect, and conserve the water and associated land resources of the Potomac River and its tributaries through...

  2. Delaware River Basin Commission (Multiple States)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Delaware River Basin Commission (DRBC) is a federal-interstate compact government agency that was formed by concurrent legislation enacted in 1961 by the United States and the four basin states...

  3. Southeast Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact (multi-state)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Southeast Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact is administered by the Compact Commission. The Compact provides for rotating responsibility for the region's low-level...

  4. On death ground : why weak states resist great powers explaining coercion failure in asymmetric interstate conflict

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haun, Phil M

    2010-01-01

    Great Powers often adopt coercive strategies, threatening or using limited force to convince weak states to comply with their demands. While coercive strategies have succeeded in just over half of asymmetric crises since ...

  5. When will states talk? Predicting the initiation of conflict management in interstate crises 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bragg, Belinda Lesley

    2006-10-30

    This research addresses the question of why some crises between states are resolved through negotiated agreements while others result in continued conflict or escalate to war. The model deviates from previous approaches ...

  6. The Clean Air Interstate Rule

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Debra Jezouit; Frank Rambo

    2005-07-01

    On May 12, 2005, EPA promulgated the Clean Air Interstate Rule, which overhauls and expands the scope of air emissions trading programs in the eastern United States. The rule imposes statewide caps on emissions of nitrogen oxides and sulfur dioxide to be introduced in two phases, beginning in 2009. This article briefly explains the background leading up to the rule and summarizes its key findings and requirements. 2 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.

  7. Red lines and faits accomplis in interstate coercion and crisis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Altman, Daniel W. (Daniel William)

    2015-01-01

    The International Relations literature has an established view of interstate crises that explains how states pursue victory in terms of signaling resolve. States make gains with credible coercive threats (compellence). In ...

  8. Roanoke River Basin Bi-State Commission (Multiple States)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Roanoke River Basin Bi-State Commission was established as a bi-state commission composed of members from the Commonwealth of Virginia and the State of North Carolina. The purpose of the...

  9. INTERSTATE WASTE TECHNOLOGIES THERMOSELECT TECHNOLOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    1 INTERSTATE WASTE TECHNOLOGIES THERMOSELECT TECHNOLOGY AN OVERVIEW Presented to the DELAWARE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT TECHNICAL WORKING GROUP January 10, 2006 #12;2 INTERSTATE WASTE MANAGEMENT ALLIANCE and maintenance (30 years) ­ Will guarantee performance and Operation and Maintenance ­ Serves solid waste

  10. Shifting urban priorities : the removal of inner city freeways in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Napolitan, Francesca

    2007-01-01

    The United States Interstate Highway System transformed the nation's cities and countryside, accelerating suburbanization and leading to unprecedented levels of motorized mobility. While the interstate highways brought ...

  11. The Interstate-40 bridge shaker project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mayes, R.L.; Nusser, M.A.

    1994-04-01

    New Mexico State University organized an effort to perform static and dynamic damage-detection tests on the Interstate-40 bridge over the Rio Grande at Albuquerque. The opportunity was available because the 425-ft-long bridge was soon to be replaced. Sandia National Laboratories was asked to provide and operate a shaker that could exert 1000-lb peak amplitude forces for both sinusoidal and random excitations between 2 and 20 Hz. Two Sandia departments collaborated to design and build the shaker, using existing major components connected with Sandia-designed and -fabricated hardware. The shaker was installed and operated successfully for a series of five modal and sinusoidal response tests.

  12. GREAT PLAINS INTERSTATE FOREST FIRE COOPERATIVE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GREAT PLAINS INTERSTATE FOREST FIRE COMPACT COOPERATIVE ANNUAL OPERATING PLAN 2011 #12;Great Plains Interstate Forest Fire Compact Page 2 of 31 2011 Great Plains Forest Fire Compact AOP Table of Contents I. Intentionally Left Blank 28 K. Public Law 110-79 29 #12;Great Plains Interstate Forest Fire Compact Page 3 of 31

  13. Multiple phase estimation for arbitrary pure states under white noise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao Yao; Li Ge; Xing Xiao; Xiaoguang Wang; C. P. Sun

    2014-09-08

    In any realistic quantum metrology scenarios, the ultimate precision in the estimation of parameters is limited not only by the so-called Heisenberg scaling, but also the environmental noise encountered by the underlying system. In the context of quantum estimation theory, it is of great significance to carefully evaluate the impact of a specific type of noise on the corresponding quantum Fisher information (QFI) or quantum Fisher information matrix (QFIM). Here we investigate the multiple phase estimation problem for a natural parametrization of arbitrary pure states under white noise. We obtain the explicit expression of the symmetric logarithmic derivative (SLD) and hence the analytical formula of QFIM. Moreover, the attainability of the quantum Cram\\'{e}r-Rao bound (QCRB) is confirmed by the commutability of SLDs and the optimal estimators are elucidated for the experimental purpose. These findings generalize previously known partial results and highlight the role of white noise in quantum metrology.

  14. Inference and learning in sparse systems with multiple states

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Braunstein, A. [Human Genetics Foundation, Via Nizza 52, I-10126 Torino (Italy); Politecnico di Torino, C.so Duca degli Abruzzi 24, I-10129 Torino (Italy); Ramezanpour, A.; Zhang, P. [Politecnico di Torino, C.so Duca degli Abruzzi 24, I-10129 Torino (Italy); Zecchina, R. [Politecnico di Torino, C.so Duca degli Abruzzi 24, I-10129 Torino (Italy); Human Genetics Foundation, Via Nizza 52, I-10126 Torino (Italy); Collegio Carlo Alberto, Via Real Collegio 30, I-10024 Moncalieri (Italy)

    2011-05-15

    We discuss how inference can be performed when data are sampled from the nonergodic phase of systems with multiple attractors. We take as a model system the finite connectivity Hopfield model in the memory phase and suggest a cavity method approach to reconstruct the couplings when the data are separately sampled from few attractor states. We also show how the inference results can be converted into a learning protocol for neural networks in which patterns are presented through weak external fields. The protocol is simple and fully local, and is able to store patterns with a finite overlap with the input patterns without ever reaching a spin-glass phase where all memories are lost.

  15. Deliverability on the interstate natural gas pipeline system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-05-01

    Deliverability on the Interstate Natural Gas Pipeline System examines the capability of the national pipeline grid to transport natural gas to various US markets. The report quantifies the capacity levels and utilization rates of major interstate pipeline companies in 1996 and the changes since 1990, as well as changes in markets and end-use consumption patterns. It also discusses the effects of proposed capacity expansions on capacity levels. The report consists of five chapters, several appendices, and a glossary. Chapter 1 discusses some of the operational and regulatory features of the US interstate pipeline system and how they affect overall system design, system utilization, and capacity expansions. Chapter 2 looks at how the exploration, development, and production of natural gas within North America is linked to the national pipeline grid. Chapter 3 examines the capability of the interstate natural gas pipeline network to link production areas to market areas, on the basis of capacity and usage levels along 10 corridors. The chapter also examines capacity expansions that have occurred since 1990 along each corridor and the potential impact of proposed new capacity. Chapter 4 discusses the last step in the transportation chain, that is, deliverability to the ultimate end user. Flow patterns into and out of each market region are discussed, as well as the movement of natural gas between States in each region. Chapter 5 examines how shippers reserve interstate pipeline capacity in the current transportation marketplace and how pipeline companies are handling the secondary market for short-term unused capacity. Four appendices provide supporting data and additional detail on the methodology used to estimate capacity. 32 figs., 15 tabs.

  16. Western Interstate Energy Board PRESS RELEASE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knowles, David William

    Western Interstate Energy Board PRESS RELEASE For Immediate Release March 4, 2008 Media Contact with low-carbon resources, largely relying on energy efficiency and renewables. The study was commissioned by the Western Interstate Energy Board (WIEB), the energy arm of the Western Governors' Association

  17. Clean Air Interstate Rule (released in AEO2009)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2009-01-01

    Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) is a cap-and-trade program promulgated by the Environmental Protection Agency in 2005, covering 28 eastern U.S. states and the District of Columbia. It was designed to reduce sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions in order to help states meet their National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for ozone and particulate matter (PM2.5) and to further emissions reductions already achieved through the Acid Rain Program and the NOx State Implementation Plan call program. The rule was set to commence in 2009 for seasonal and annual NOx emissions and in 2010 for SO2 emissions.

  18. Colorado's Prospects for Interstate Commerce in Renewable Power

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hurlbut, D. J.

    2009-12-01

    Colorado has more renewable energy potential than it is ever likely to need for its own in-state electricity consumption. Such abundance may suggest an opportunity for the state to sell renewable power elsewhere, but Colorado faces considerable competition from other western states that may have better resources and easier access to key markets on the West Coast. This report examines factors that will be important to the development of interstate commerce for electricity generated from renewable resources. It examines market fundamentals in a regional context, and then looks at the implications for Colorado.

  19. Nonadiabatic transition state theory and multiple potential energy surface molecular dynamics of infrequent events

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammes-Schiffer, Sharon

    Nonadiabatic transition state theory and multiple potential energy surface molecular dynamics in the vicinity of the energy barrier, i.e., in the region of the transition state or bottleneck. In general, TST 07974 Received 7 July 1995; accepted 17 August 1995 Classical transition state theory TST provides

  20. Control of multiple excited image states around segmented carbon nanotubes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knörzer, J; Sadeghpour, H R; Schmelcher, P

    2015-01-01

    Electronic image states around segmented carbon nanotubes can be confined and shaped along the nanotube axis by engineering the image potential. We show how several such image states can be prepared simultaneously along the same nanotube. The inter-electronic distance can be controlled a priori by engineering tubes of specific geometries. High sensitivity to external electric and magnetic fields can be exploited to manipulate these states and their mutual long-range interactions. These building blocks provide access to a new kind of tailored interacting quantum systems.

  1. The Efficiency of Quantum Identity Testing of Multiple States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masaru Kada; Harumichi Nishimura; Tomoyuki Yamakami

    2008-09-11

    We examine two quantum operations, the Permutation Test and the Circle Test, which test the identity of n quantum states. These operations naturally extend the well-studied Swap Test on two quantum states. We first show the optimality of the Permutation Test for any input size n as well as the optimality of the Circle Test for three input states. In particular, when n=3, we present a semi-classical protocol, incorporated with the Swap Test, which approximates the Circle Test efficiently. Furthermore, we show that, with help of classical preprocessing, a single use of the Circle Test can approximate the Permutation Test efficiently for an arbitrary input size n.

  2. Natural Gas Compressor Stations on the Interstate Pipeline Network: Developments Since 1996

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2007-01-01

    This special report looks at the use of natural gas pipeline compressor stations on the interstate natural gas pipeline network that serves the lower 48 states. It examines the compression facilities added over the past 10 years and how the expansions have supported pipeline capacity growth intended to meet the increasing demand for natural gas.

  3. APS/123-QED Hydraulic Flow through a Contraction: Multiple Steady States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Hanbali, Ahmad

    APS/123-QED Hydraulic Flow through a Contraction: Multiple Steady States Benjamin Akers Department states, as well as a steady reservoir with a two-dimensional hydraulic jump in the contraction occur-dimensional hydraulic theory provides a comprehensive leading-order explanation, but quadratic friction is re- quired

  4. Odd-spin yrast states as multiple quadrupole-phonon excitations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. Pietralla; P. von Brentano; T. Otsuka; R. F. Casten

    1998-03-27

    The wavefunctions of the lowest odd spin positive parity yrast states in the IBA are shown to be nearly pure multiple quadrupole-phonon excitations even outside the three dynamical symmetries. The empirical data for collective nuclei with 30 < Z < 80 confirm these predictions. The quadrupole-phonon purity of the 2^+_1 state can be measured from E2-branching ratios of the 3^+_1 state. These data show a high correlation to the 2^+_1 Q-phonon purity deduced from the E2-decay of 2^+ states.

  5. Query complexity for searching multiple marked states from an unsorted database

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bin Shang

    2006-04-10

    An important and usual problem is to search all states we want from a database with a large number of states. In such, recall is vital. Grover's original quantum search algorithm has been generalized to the case of multiple solutions, but no one has calculated the query complexity in this case. We will use a generalized algorithm with higher precision to solve such a search problem that we should find all marked states and show that the practical query complexity increases with the number of marked states. In the end we will introduce an algorithm for the problem on a ``duality computer'' and show its advantage over other algorithms.

  6. APS/123-QED Hydraulic Flow through a Channel Contraction: Multiple Steady States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Hanbali, Ahmad

    APS/123-QED Hydraulic Flow through a Channel Contraction: Multiple Steady States Benjamin Akers with a complex hydraulic jump in the contraction occurring in a small section of the bc/b0 and Froude number parameter plane. One- dimensional hydraulic theory provides a comprehensive leading-order approximation

  7. Stability of Multiple Steady States of Catalytic Combustion , and J. BRINDLEY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James, Alex

    Stability of Multiple Steady States of Catalytic Combustion A. JAMES* , and J. BRINDLEY Department reaction (m s 1 ) Ag Pre-exponential factor for gas-phase reaction (m3 mol 1 s 1 ) Cox Initial [O2] (mol m mol 1 ) h Heat transfer coefficient (W m 2 K 1 ) hD Mass transfer coefficient (m s 1 ) kc Thermal

  8. Infrared thermography of a pulsating heat pipe: Flow regimes and multiple steady states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khandekar, Sameer

    Infrared thermography of a pulsating heat pipe: Flow regimes and multiple steady states V t Understanding of the operational characteristics of a closed loop Pulsating Heat Pipe (PHP) with non- intrusive. Introduction A pulsating heat pipe/oscillating heat pipe is essentially a pas- sive two-phase heat transfer

  9. A robust state-of-charge estimator for multiple types of lithium-ion batteries using adaptive extended Kalman filter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mi, Chunting "Chris"

    A robust state-of-charge estimator for multiple types of lithium-ion batteries using adaptive a SOC estimator for suitable for multiple lithium ion battery chemistries. Proved the system robustness of charge (SoC) of multiple types of lithium ion battery (LiB) cells with adaptive extended Kalman filter

  10. Dynamics of cavity fields with dissipative and amplifying couplings through multiple quantum two-state systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haeyrynen, Teppo; Oksanen, Jani; Tulkki, Jukka [Department of Biomedical Engineering and Computational Science, Aalto University School of Science and Technology, P. O. Box 12200, FI-00076 AALTO (Finland)

    2011-01-15

    We consider simultaneous dissipative and amplifying coupling of cavity fields to multiple two-state systems. We derive a master equation for optical field in a leaky cavity coupled to a reservoir through multiple two-state systems. In our previous works we have limited our study to systems where the reservoir either solely absorbs energy (detector setup) or adds energy (amplifying setup) to the cavity through a single two-state system. In this work we allow both interactions simultaneously and derive a reduced dynamic model for the optical field. We also generalize our model to cover the coupling of the field to several two state systems and discuss its connection to macroscopic interaction, e.g., in semiconductors. Our model includes four physical parameters: the field two-state system coupling {gamma}, the excitation and deexcitation couplings of the two-state system by the reservoir {lambda}{sub A} and {lambda}{sub D}, respectively, and the mirror losses of the cavity C. We solve the steady-state fields at different regimes of these physical parameters. Furthermore, we show that, depending on the parameters, our model can describe the operation of a detector, a light emitting diode, or a laser.

  11. Environmental effects of interstate power trading on electricity consumption mixes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joe Marriott; H. Scott Matthews

    2005-11-15

    Although many studies of electricity generation use national or state average generation mix assumptions, in reality a great deal of electricity is transferred between states with very different mixes of fossil and renewable fuels, and using the average numbers could result in incorrect conclusions in these studies. The authors create electricity consumption profiles for each state and for key industry sectors in the U.S. based on existing state generation profiles, net state power imports, industry presence by state, and an optimization model to estimate interstate electricity trading. Using these 'consumption mixes' can provide a more accurate assessment of electricity use in life-cycle analyses. It is concluded that the published generation mixes for states that import power are misleading, since the power consumed in-state has a different makeup than the power that was generated. And, while most industry sectors have consumption mixes similar to the U.S. average, some of the most critical sectors of the economy - such as resource extraction and material processing sectors - are very different. This result does validate the average mix assumption made in many environmental assessments, but it is important to accurately quantify the generation methods for electricity used when doing life-cycle analyses. 16 refs., 7 figs., 2 tabs.

  12. Lyapunov functions and relative stability in reaction-diffusion systems with multiple stationary states

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hansen, N.F.; Ross, J. [Stanford Univ., CA (United States)] [Stanford Univ., CA (United States)

    1996-05-09

    In prior work on a thermodynamic and stochastic theory of chemical systems far from equilibrium, the excess work (a Lyapunov function) was shown to predict relative stability of stationary states in reaction-diffusion systems with multiple stationary states. This theory predicts equistability when the excess work from one stationary state to the stable inhomogeneous concentration profile separating the two stable stationary states equals the excess work from the other stable stationary state to that profile. Here we prove that any Lyapunov function of the deterministic reaction-diffusion equations of a given form can be used to predict equistability. Further, we show that the spatial derivative of any Lyapunov function for these equations, which is simpler to calculate, can also be used to predict relative stability. 15 refs., 7 figs.

  13. Corporate Realignments and Investments in the Interstate Natural Gas Transmission System

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    1999-01-01

    Examines the financial characteristics of current ownership in the natural gas pipeline industry and of the major U.S. interstate pipeline companies that transported the bulk of the natural gas consumed in the United States between 1992 and 1997, focusing on 14 parent corporations. It also examines the near-term investment needs of the industry and the anticipated growth in demand for natural gas during the next decade.

  14. Gas supplies of interstate/natural gas pipeline companies 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-12-18

    This publication provides information on the interstate pipeline companies' supply of natural gas during calendar year 1989, for use by the FERC for regulatory purposes. It also provides information to other Government agencies, the natural gas industry, as well as policy makers, analysts, and consumers interested in current levels of interstate supplies of natural gas and trends over recent years. 5 figs., 18 tabs.

  15. A robust state-of-charge estimator for multiple types of lithium-ion batteries using adaptive extended Kalman filter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mi, Chunting "Chris"

    A robust state-of-charge estimator for multiple types of lithium-ion batteries using adaptive 48128, USA h i g h l i g h t s Proposed a dynamic universal battery model based on second-order RC a SOC estimator for suitable for multiple lithium ion battery chemistries. Proved the system robustness

  16. Ensemble velocity of non-processive molecular motors with multiple chemical states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrej Vilfan

    2014-09-27

    We study the ensemble velocity of non-processive motor proteins, described with multiple chemical states. In particular, we discuss the velocity as a function of ATP concentration. Even a simple model which neglects the strain-dependence of transition rates, reverse transition rates and nonlinearities in the elasticity can show interesting functional dependencies, which deviate significantly from the frequently assumed Michaelis-Menten form. We discuss how the oder of events in the duty cycle can be inferred from the measured dependence. The model also predicts the possibility of velocity reversal at a certain ATP concentration if the duty cycle contains several conformational changes of opposite directionalities.

  17. Bound states for multiple Dirac-? wells in space-fractional quantum mechanics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tare, Jeffrey D. Esguerra, Jose Perico H.

    2014-01-15

    Using the momentum-space approach, we obtain bound states for multiple Dirac-? wells in the framework of space-fractional quantum mechanics. Introducing first an attractive Dirac-comb potential, i.e., Dirac comb with strength ?g (g > 0), in the space-fractional Schrödinger equation we show that the problem of obtaining eigenenergies of a system with N Dirac-? wells can be reduced to a problem of obtaining the eigenvalues of an N × N matrix. As an illustration we use the present matrix formulation to derive expressions satisfied by the bound-state energies of N = 1, 2, 3 delta wells. We also obtain the corresponding wave functions and express them in terms of Fox's H-function.

  18. Edge effects in graphene nanostructures: I. From multiple reflection expansion to density of states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Wurm; K. Richter; I. Adagideli

    2011-08-06

    We study the influence of different edge types on the electronic density of states of graphene nanostructures. To this end we develop an exact expansion for the single particle Green's function of ballistic graphene structures in terms of multiple reflections from the system boundary, that allows for a natural treatment of edge effects. We first apply this formalism to calculate the average density of states of graphene billiards. While the leading term in the corresponding Weyl expansion is proportional to the billiard area, we find that the contribution that usually scales with the total length of the system boundary differs significantly from what one finds in semiconductor-based, Schr\\"odinger type billiards: The latter term vanishes for armchair and infinite mass edges and is proportional to the zigzag edge length, highlighting the prominent role of zigzag edges in graphene. We then compute analytical expressions for the density of states oscillations and energy levels within a trajectory based semiclassical approach. We derive a Dirac version of Gutzwiller's trace formula for classically chaotic graphene billiards and further obtain semiclassical trace formulae for the density of states oscillations in regular graphene cavities. We find that edge dependent interference of pseudospins in graphene crucially affects the quantum spectrum.

  19. Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light- New Home Construction Incentives

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Interstate Power and Light's New Home Program gives incentives to builders and contractors who build energy efficient homes. A base rebate is available to those customers that make the minimum...

  20. U.S. interstate pipelines ran more efficiently in 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    True, W.R.

    1995-11-27

    Regulated US interstate pipelines began 1995 under the momentum of impressive efficiency improvements in 1994. Annual reports filed with the US Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) show that both natural-gas and petroleum liquids pipeline companies increased their net incomes last year despite declining operating revenues. This article discusses trends in the pipeline industry and gives data on the following: pipeline revenues, incomes--1994; current pipeline costs; pipeline costs--estimated vs. actual; current compressor construction costs; compressor costs--estimated vs. actual; US interstate mileage; investment in liquids pipelines; 10-years of land construction costs; top 10 interstate liquids pipelines; top 10 interstate gas pipelines; liquids pipeline companies; and gas pipeline companies.

  1. Gridlock: A Policy Analysis of Siting and Coordination of Interstate...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Gridlock: A Policy Analysis of Siting and Coordination of Interstate Transmission Line Development in the Upper Midwest Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to...

  2. Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Residential...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    70% of total installation cost up to 250 Room Air Conditioners: 20 SolidThermal Entry Door: 10 - 25 LED and CFL bulbs: 50% of cost Summary Interstate Power and Light...

  3. Human Glucocorticoid-Induced TNF Receptor Ligand Regulates its Signaling Activity Through Multiple Oligomerization States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou,Z.; Dong, X.; Berezov, A.; Zhang, G.; Li, Y.; Zhang, H.; Murali, R.; Li, B.; Greene, M.

    2008-01-01

    Ligation between glucocorticoid-induced tumor necrosis factor receptor (GITR) and its ligand (GITRL) provides an undefined signal that renders CD4+CD25- effector T cells resistant to the inhibitory effects of CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells. To understand the structural basis of GITRL function, we have expressed and purified the extracellular domain of human GITR ligand in Escherichia coli. Chromotography and cross-linking studies indicate that human GITRL (hGITRL) exists as dimers and trimers in solution and also can form a supercluster. To gain insight into the nature of GITRL oligomerization, we determined the crystallographic structures of hGITRL, which revealed a loosely associated open trimer with a deep cavity at the molecular center and a flexible C-terminal tail bent for trimerization. Moreover, a tetramer of trimers (i.e., supercluster) has also been observed in the crystal, consistent with the cross-linking analysis. Deletion of the C-terminal distal three residues disrupts the loosely assembled trimer and favors the formation of a dimer that has compromised receptor binding and signaling activity. Collectively, our studies identify multiple oligomeric species of hGITRL that possess distinct kinetics of ERK activation. The studies address the functional implications and structural models for a process by which hGITRL utilizes multiple oligomerization states to regulate GITR-mediated signaling during T cell costimulation.

  4. Power Management in RAID Server Disk System Using Multiple Idle States Hogil Kim, Eun Jung Kim and Rabi N. Mahapatra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Eun Jung "EJ"

    -down power management scheme. 1. Introduction Energy is a significant issue to most computer system. AlthoughPower Management in RAID Server Disk System Using Multiple Idle States Hogil Kim, Eun Jung Kim systems are no exception to low power requirements. The power management in server systems has become

  5. Bridging legal and economic perspectives on interstate municipal solid waste disposal in the US

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Longo, Christine; Wagner, Jeffrey

    2011-01-15

    Research highlights: {yields} Legal and economic opinions of free interstate trade of MSW in the US are reviewed. {yields} Economic theory of landfill space as the article of commerce can align opinions. {yields} Waste management policies implied by this economic theory are compared/contrasted. - Abstract: Managing municipal solid waste (MSW) within and across regions is a complex public policy problem. One challenge regards conceptualizing precisely what commodity is to be managed across space and time. The US Supreme Court view is that waste disposal is the article of commerce per se. Some justices, however, have argued that while waste disposal is the article of commerce, its interstate flow could be impeded by states on the grounds that they have the authority to regulate natural resource quality within their boundaries. The argument in this paper is that adopting the economic theory view of the article of commerce as landfill space brings the majority and dissenting US Supreme Court views-and the resulting sides of the public policy dispute-into closer alignment. We discuss waste management policy tools that emerge from this closer alignment that are more likely to both withstand judicial scrutiny and achieve economic efficiency.

  6. Ratification of interstate compacts for low-level nuclear waste management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-01-01

    Part I of the hearing series covers testimony pertaining to three bills (H.R. 1012, H.R. 3002, and H.R. 3777) granting Congressional consent to the Northwest, Central, and Southeast interstate compacts. Witnesses reviewed the status of the compacts, which would implement the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Act of 1980, and the responses of states, which varying according to whether operating sites already exist in the region. Testimony was given by a panel of representatives from the DOE Office of Terminal Waste Disposal and Remedial Action, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Office of Nuclear Material Safety and Safeguards and Office of State Programs, and the National Governors Association's Committee on Energy and Environment. The hearing record includes the tests of the three bills, the testimony, and an appendix with additional material submitted for the record. (DCK)

  7. Technology certification and technology acceptance: Promoting interstate cooperation and market development for innovative technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brockbank, B.R.

    1995-03-01

    In the past two years, public and private efforts to promote development and deployment of innovative environmental technologies have shifted from the analysis of barriers to the implementation of a variety of initiatives aimed at surmounting those barriers. Particular attention has been directed at (1) streamlining fragmented technology acceptance processes within and among the states, and (2) alleviating disincentives, created by inadequate or unverified technology cost and performance data, for users and regulators to choose innovative technologies. Market fragmentation currently imposes significant cost burdens on technology developers and inhibits the investment of private capital in environmental technology companies. Among the responses to these problems are state and federal technology certification/validation programs, efforts to standardize cost/performance data reporting, and initiatives aimed at promoting interstate cooperation in technology testing and evaluation. This paper reviews the current status of these initiatives, identifies critical challenges to their success, and recommends strategies for addressing those challenges.

  8. EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - States Dependent on Interstate

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices1 Table272/SPipeline Utilization &OverviewPipelines

  9. Four-wave mixing in Bose-Einstein condensate systems with multiple spin states J. P. Burke, Jr.,* P. S. Julienne, and C. J. Williams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Band, Yehuda B.

    Four-wave mixing in Bose-Einstein condensate systems with multiple spin states J. P. Burke, Jr.,* P) We calculate the four-wave mixing (FWM) in a Bose-Einstein condensate system having multiple spin wave packets that are initially overlapping in physical space, but have nonvanishing relative momentum

  10. Population Redistribution among Multiple Electronic States of Molecular Nitrogen Ions in Strong Laser Fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Jinping; Chu, Wei; Zeng, Bin; Wu, Chengyin; Lu, Ruifeng; Li, Ziting; Xie, Hongqiang; Li, Guihua; Yu, Chao; Wang, Zhanshan; Jiang, Hongbing; Gong, Qihuang; Cheng, Ya

    2015-01-01

    We carry out a combined theoretical and experimental investigation on the population distributions in the ground and excited states of tunnel ionized N2 molecules at various driver wavelengths in the near- and mid-infrared range. Our results reveal that efficient couplings (i.e., population exchanges) between the ground state and the excited states occur in strong laser fields. The couplings result in the population inversion between the ground and the excited states at the wavelengths near 800 nm, which is verified by our experiment by observing the amplification of a seed at ~391 nm. The result provides insight into the mechanism of free-space nitrogen ion lasers generated in remote air with strong femtosecond laser pulses.

  11. Advertisement for Clinical Positions GEORGIA STATE UNIVERSITY invites applications for multiple non-tenure-track clinical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frantz, Kyle J.

    , demonstrated capability for and commitment to publishing research in refereed journals, and an earned Ph on University budget approval. Review of applications will begin immediately and will continue until positions-413-7378 Georgia State University a unit of the University System of Georgia, is an equal opportunity educational

  12. Competitive interstate taxation of western coal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kolstad, C.D.; Wolak, F.A. Jr.

    1983-01-01

    This paper analyzes the potential market power of western states in setting coal severance taxes. An attempt to determine the emphasis placed by the western states on the development of their coal resources is also made. Three market structures are analyzed. One involves a western regional cartel, setting taxes collectively. The other cases are noncooperative tax equilibria with Montana and Wyoming competing against each other. We study the effects on these equilibria of changes in each region's relative emphasis on development of coal resources vs tax revenue. The welfare impacts of these tax setting policies are also addressed. The analysis is based on an activity analysis of US coal markets. The results show that the taxes associated with the noncooperative competitive tax equilibria are close to present tax levels. Additionally, we conclude that western states currently are quite efficient extractors of economic rent from coal produced within their boundaries, in terms of welfare loss per dollar of tax revenue collected. 2 figures.

  13. [Interstate Clean Transportation]. Final Report for FG02-99EE50591

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wendt, Lee

    2002-07-19

    The Interstate Clean Transportation (ICTC) purpose is to develop a public-private partnership dedicated to accelerating the market penetration of clean, alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) in interstate goods movement. In order to foster project development, the ICTC activity sought to increase awareness of heavy-duty AFVs among truck fleet operators.

  14. Washington State DOT Report: State Report Questions on MEPDG Implementation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington State DOT Report: State Report Questions on MEPDG Implementation 1. Summarize your state to the MEPDG. · We are not confident that the models in MEPDG portray the type of cracking we see in Washington Washington on Interstate 5) but not modeled in the MEPDG. However, longitudinal cracking alone rarely

  15. Habitability of waterworlds: runaway greenhouses, atmospheric expansion and multiple climate states of pure water atmospheres

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldblatt, Colin

    2015-01-01

    There are four different stable climate states for pure water atmospheres, as might exist on so-called "waterworlds". I map these as a function of solar constant for planets ranging in size from Mars size to 10 Earth-mass. The states are: globally ice covered (Ts< 245K), cold and damp (270 < Ts< 290K), hot and moist (350< Ts< 550K) and very hot and dry (Ts< 900K). No stable climate exists for 290< Ts < 350K or 550 < Ts < 900K. The union of hot moist and cold damp climates describe the liquid water habitable zone, the width and location of which depends on planet mass. At each solar constant, two or three different climate states are stable. This is a consequence of strong non-linearities in both thermal emission and the net absorption of sunlight. Across the range of planet sizes, I account for the atmospheres expanding to high altitudes as they warm. The emitting and absorbing surfaces (optical depth of unity) move to high altitude, making their area larger than the planet surfa...

  16. A summary of ISEW and GPI studies at multiple scales and new estimates for Baltimore City, Baltimore County, and the State of Maryland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermont, University of

    Analysis A summary of ISEW and GPI studies at multiple scales and new estimates for Baltimore City, Baltimore County, and the State of Maryland Stephen M. Posner a, , Robert Costanza b a Gund Institute) estimates the GPI for Baltimore, Baltimore County, and the State of Maryland; and (3) compares these results

  17. Interstate Power and Light Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas: Energy ResourcesOrder at 8, 13Renewable Power JumpForestWoodFuelsInterstate Power

  18. Interstate Renewable Energy Council IREC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas: Energy ResourcesOrder at 8, 13Renewable Power JumpForestWoodFuelsInterstate

  19. EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Interstate Pipelines Segment

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices1 Table272/S TheEnergyEnergy Markets4Interstate

  20. Internal migration in China and the United States: a comparative analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Chi

    1995-01-01

    This thesis presents a two-level analysis of China's temporary migration. The first part examines the interprovincial migration of China from the perspective of ecological theory and compares it with the inter-state migration of the United States...

  1. Overview of interstate hydrogen pipeline systems.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gillette, J .L.; Kolpa, R. L

    2008-02-01

    The use of hydrogen in the energy sector of the United States is projected to increase significantly in the future. Current uses are predominantly in the petroleum refining sector, with hydrogen also being used in the manufacture of chemicals and other specialized products. Growth in hydrogen consumption is likely to appear in the refining sector, where greater quantities of hydrogen will be required as the quality of the raw crude decreases, and in the mining and processing of tar sands and other energy resources that are not currently used at a significant level. Furthermore, the use of hydrogen as a transportation fuel has been proposed both by automobile manufacturers and the federal government. Assuming that the use of hydrogen will significantly increase in the future, there would be a corresponding need to transport this material. A variety of production technologies are available for making hydrogen, and there are equally varied raw materials. Potential raw materials include natural gas, coal, nuclear fuel, and renewables such as solar, wind, or wave energy. As these raw materials are not uniformly distributed throughout the United States, it would be necessary to transport either the raw materials or the hydrogen long distances to the appropriate markets. While hydrogen may be transported in a number of possible forms, pipelines currently appear to be the most economical means of moving it in large quantities over great distances. One means of controlling hydrogen pipeline costs is to use common rights-of-way (ROWs) whenever feasible. For that reason, information on hydrogen pipelines is the focus of this document. Many of the features of hydrogen pipelines are similar to those of natural gas pipelines. Furthermore, as hydrogen pipeline networks expand, many of the same construction and operating features of natural gas networks would be replicated. As a result, the description of hydrogen pipelines will be very similar to that of natural gas pipelines. The following discussion will focus on the similarities and differences between the two pipeline networks. Hydrogen production is currently concentrated in refining centers along the Gulf Coast and in the Farm Belt. These locations have ready access to natural gas, which is used in the steam methane reduction process to make bulk hydrogen in this country. Production centers could possibly change to lie along coastlines, rivers, lakes, or rail lines, should nuclear power or coal become a significant energy source for hydrogen production processes. Should electrolysis become a dominant process for hydrogen production, water availability would be an additional factor in the location of production facilities. Once produced, hydrogen must be transported to markets. A key obstacle to making hydrogen fuel widely available is the scale of expansion needed to serve additional markets. Developing a hydrogen transmission and distribution infrastructure would be one of the challenges to be faced if the United States is to move toward a hydrogen economy. Initial uses of hydrogen are likely to involve a variety of transmission and distribution methods. Smaller users would probably use truck transport, with the hydrogen being in either the liquid or gaseous form. Larger users, however, would likely consider using pipelines. This option would require specially constructed pipelines and the associated infrastructure. Pipeline transmission of hydrogen dates back to late 1930s. These pipelines have generally operated at less than 1,000 pounds per square inch (psi), with a good safety record. Estimates of the existing hydrogen transmission system in the United States range from about 450 to 800 miles. Estimates for Europe range from about 700 to 1,100 miles (Mohipour et al. 2004; Amos 1998). These seemingly large ranges result from using differing criteria in determining pipeline distances. For example, some analysts consider only pipelines above a certain diameter as transmission lines. Others count only those pipelines that transport hydrogen from a producer to a customer (e.g., t

  2. FEASIBILITY ANALYSIS FOR INSTALLING A CIRCULATING FLUIDIZED BED BOILER FOR COFIRING MULTIPLE BIOFUELS AND OTHER WASTES WITH COAL AT PENN STATE UNIVERSITY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bruce G. Miller; Sharon Falcone Miller; Robert Cooper; Douglas Donovan; John Gaudlip; Matthew Lapinsky; William Serencsits; Neil Raskin; Dale Lamke

    2001-07-13

    The Pennsylvania State University, under contract to the U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory is performing a feasibility analysis on installing a state-of-the-art circulating fluidized bed boiler and ceramic filter emission control device at Penn State's University Park campus for cofiring multiple biofuels and other wastes with coal, and developing a test program to evaluate cofiring multiple biofuels and coal-based feedstocks. The objective of the project is being accomplished using a team that includes personnel from Penn State's Energy Institute, Office of Physical Plant, and College of Agricultural Sciences, Foster Wheeler Energy Services, Inc., Parsons Energy and Chemicals Group, Inc., and Cofiring Alternatives. During this reporting period, work focused on completing the biofuel characterization and the design of the conceptual fluidized bed system.

  3. FEASIBILITY ANALYSIS FOR INSTALLING A CIRCULATING FLUIDIZED BED BOILER FOR COFIRING MULTIPLE BIOFUELS AND OTHER WASTES WITH COAL AT PENN STATE UNIVERSITY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bruce G. Miller; Curtis Jawdy

    2000-10-09

    The Pennsylvania State University, under contract to the US Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory is performing a feasibility analysis on installing a state-of-the-art circulating fluidized bed boiler and ceramic filter emission control device at Penn State's University Park campus for cofiring multiple biofuels and other wastes with coal or coal refuse, and developing a test program to evaluate cofiring multiple biofuels and coal-based feedstocks. The objective of the project is being accomplished using a team that includes personnel from Penn State's Energy Institute and the Office of Physical Plant, Foster Wheeler Energy Corporation, Foster Wheeler Development Corporation, and Cofiring Alternatives. The major emphasis of work during this reporting period was to assess the types and quantities of potential feedstocks and collect samples of them for analysis. Approximately twenty different biomass, animal waste, and other wastes were collected and analyzed.

  4. Atlantic Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact (South Carolina)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Atlantic (Northeast) Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact is a cooperative effort to plan, regulate, and administer the disposal of low-level radioactive waste in the...

  5. Seismic reflection investigations of sinkholes beneath Interstate Highway 70 in Kansas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steeples, Don W.; Knapp, Ralph W.; McElwee, Carl D.

    1986-02-01

    Seismic reflection studies were performed across actively developing sinkholes located astride Interstate Highway 70 in Russell County, Kansas. Results indicate that high?resolution seismic reflection surveys are useful in the subsurface...

  6. Overcoming shadows of the past : post-conflict interstate reconciliation in East Asia and Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    He, Yinan, 1970-

    2004-01-01

    This dissertation explores the origins of interstate reconciliation after traumatic conflicts, mainly through the comparative study of postwar Sino-Japanese and (West) German-Polish relations. While Germany and Poland have ...

  7. Multiple Nuclear Polarization States in a Double Quantum Dot J. Danon, I. T. Vink, F. H. L. Koppens, K. C. Nowack, L. M. K. Vandersypen, and Yu. V. Nazarov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multiple Nuclear Polarization States in a Double Quantum Dot J. Danon, I. T. Vink, F. H. L. Koppens) We observe multiple stable states of nuclear polarization and nuclear self-tuning over a large range, including accurate manipulation and control of nuclear fields. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.103.046601 PACS

  8. FEASIBILITY ANALYSIS FOR INSTALLING A CIRCULATING FLUIDIZED BED BOILER FOR COFIRING MULTIPLE BIOFUELS AND OTHER WASTES WITH COAL AT PENN STATE UNIVERSITY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bruce G. Miller; Sharon Falcone Miller; Robert Cooper; Douglas Donovan; John Gaudlip; Matthew Lapinsky; William Serencsits; Neil Raskin; Dale Lamke; Joseph J. Battista

    2001-03-31

    The Pennsylvania State University, under contract to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) is performing a feasibility analysis on installing a state-of-the-art circulating fluidized bed (CFB) boiler and ceramic filter emission control device at Penn State's University Park campus for cofiring multiple biofuels and other wastes with coal, and developing a test program to evaluate cofiring multiple biofuels and coal-based feedstocks. Penn State currently operates an aging stoker-fired steam plant at its University Park campus and has spent considerable resources over the last ten to fifteen years investigating boiler replacements and performing life extension studies. This effort, in combination with a variety of agricultural and other wastes generated at the agricultural-based university and the surrounding rural community, has led Penn State to assemble a team of fluidized bed and cofiring experts to assess the feasibility of installing a CFB boiler for cofiring biomass and other wastes along with coal-based fuels. The objective of the project is being accomplished using a team that includes personnel from Penn State's Energy Institute and the Office of Physical Plant, Foster Wheeler Energy Services, Inc., and Cofiring Alternatives.

  9. Modeling the effect of native and laser-induced states on the dielectric breakdown of wide band gap optical materials by multiple subpicosecond laser pulses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Emmert, Luke A.; Mero, Mark; Rudolph, Wolfgang [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131 (United States)

    2010-08-15

    A model for the multiple-pulse laser-induced breakdown behavior of dielectrics is presented. It is based on a critical conduction band (CB) electron density leading to dielectric breakdown. The evolution of the CB electron density during the pulse train is calculated using rate equations involving transitions between band and mid-gap states (native and laser-induced). Using realistic estimations for the trap density and ionization cross-section, the model is able to reproduce the experimentally observed drop in the multiple-pulse damage threshold relative to the single-pulse value, as long as the CB electron density is controlled primarily by avalanche ionization seeded by multiphoton ionization of the traps and the valence band. The model shows that at long pulse duration, the breakdown threshold becomes more sensitive to presence of traps close (within one photon energy) to the CB. The effect of native and laser-induced defects can be distinguished by their saturation behavior. Finally, measurements of the multiple-pulse damage threshold of hafnium oxide films are used to illustrate the application of the model.

  10. Improving the efficiency of single and multiple teleportation protocols based on the direct use of partially entangled states

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fortes, Raphael; Rigolin, Gustavo

    2013-09-15

    We push the limits of the direct use of partially pure entangled states to perform quantum teleportation by presenting several protocols in many different scenarios that achieve the optimal efficiency possible. We review and put in a single formalism the three major strategies known to date that allow one to use partially entangled states for direct quantum teleportation (no distillation strategies permitted) and compare their efficiencies in real world implementations. We show how one can improve the efficiency of many direct teleportation protocols by combining these techniques. We then develop new teleportation protocols employing multipartite partially entangled states. The three techniques are also used here in order to achieve the highest efficiency possible. Finally, we prove the upper bound for the optimal success rate for protocols based on partially entangled Bell states and show that some of the protocols here developed achieve such a bound. -- Highlights: •Optimal direct teleportation protocols using directly partially entangled states. •We put in a single formalism all strategies of direct teleportation. •We extend these techniques for multipartite partially entangle states. •We give upper bounds for the optimal efficiency of these protocols.

  11. Gas energy meter for inferential determination of thermophysical properties of a gas mixture at multiple states of the gas

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Morrow, Thomas B. (San Antonio, TX); Kelner, Eric (San Antonio, TX); Owen, Thomas E. (Helotes, TX)

    2008-07-08

    A gas energy meter that acquires the data and performs the processing for an inferential determination of one or more gas properties, such as heating value, molecular weight, or density. The meter has a sensor module that acquires temperature, pressure, CO2, and speed of sound data. Data is acquired at two different states of the gas, which eliminates the need to determine the concentration of nitrogen in the gas. A processing module receives this data and uses it to perform a "two-state" inferential algorithm.

  12. FEASIBILITY ANALYSIS FOR INSTALLING A CIRCULATING FLUIDIZED BED BOILER FOR COFIRING MULTIPLE BIOFUELS AND OTHER WASTES WITH COAL AT PENN STATE UNIVERSITY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bruce G. Miller; Sharon Falcone Miller; Robert Cooper; John Gaudlip; Matthew Lapinsky; Rhett McLaren; William Serencsits; Neil Raskin; Tom Steitz; Joseph J. Battista

    2003-03-26

    The Pennsylvania State University, utilizing funds furnished by the U.S. Department of Energy's Biomass Power Program, investigated the installation of a state-of-the-art circulating fluidized bed boiler at Penn State's University Park campus for cofiring multiple biofuels and other wastes with coal, and developing a test program to evaluate cofiring biofuels and coal-based feedstocks. The study was performed using a team that included personnel from Penn State's Energy Institute, Office of Physical Plant, and College of Agricultural Sciences; Foster Wheeler Energy Services, Inc.; Foster Wheeler Energy Corporation; Parsons Energy and Chemicals Group, Inc.; and Cofiring Alternatives. The activities included assessing potential feedstocks at the University Park campus and surrounding region with an emphasis on biomass materials, collecting and analyzing potential feedstocks, assessing agglomeration, deposition, and corrosion tendencies, identifying the optimum location for the boiler system through an internal site selection process, performing a three circulating fluidized bed (CFB) boiler design and a 15-year boiler plant transition plan, determining the costs associated with installing the boiler system, developing a preliminary test program, determining the associated costs for the test program, and exploring potential emissions credits when using the biomass CFB boiler.

  13. Storage of multiple single-photon pulses emitted from a quantum dot in a solid-state quantum memory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tang, Jian-Shun; Wang, Yi-Tao; Li, Yu-Long; Liu, Xiao; Hua, Yi-Lin; Zou, Yang; Wang, Shuang; He, De-Yong; Chen, Geng; Sun, Yong-Nan; Yu, Ying; Li, Mi-Feng; Zha, Guo-Wei; Ni, Hai-Qiao; Niu, Zhi-Chuan; Li, Chuan-Feng; Guo, Guang-Can

    2015-01-01

    Quantum repeaters are critical components for distributing entanglement over long distances in presence of unavoidable optical losses during transmission. Stimulated by Duan-Lukin-Cirac-Zoller protocol, many improved quantum-repeater protocols based on quantum memories have been proposed, which commonly focus on the entanglement-distribution rate. Among these protocols, the elimination of multi-photons (multi-photon-pairs) and the use of multimode quantum memory are demonstrated to have the ability to greatly improve the entanglement-distribution rate. Here, we demonstrate the storage of deterministic single photons emitted from a quantum dot in a polarization-maintaining solid-state quantum memory; in addition, multi-temporal-mode memory with $1$, $20$ and $100$ narrow single-photon pulses is also demonstrated. Multi-photons are eliminated, and only one photon at most is contained in each pulse. Moreover, the solid-state properties of both sub-systems make this configuration more stable and easier to be scal...

  14. Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Business Energy...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    (Alliant Energy) Website http:www.alliantenergy.comSaveEnergyAndMoneyRebatesBusIAindex.htm State Iowa Program Type Rebate Program Rebate Amount Custom: Based on Annual...

  15. Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light - Residential Renewable...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Info State Iowa Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Energy Efficient Solar PV: 1.25kWh x estimated first year output Standard Solar PV: 0.75kWh x estimated first...

  16. Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Residential...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Energy-IP&L Website http:www.alliantenergy.comSaveEnergyAndMoneyRebatesHomeMNindex.htm State Minnesota Program Type Rebate Program Rebate Amount Energy Efficient New...

  17. Overview of the design, construction, and operation of interstate liquid petroleum pipelines.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pharris, T. C.; Kolpa, R. L.

    2008-01-31

    The U.S. liquid petroleum pipeline industry is large, diverse, and vital to the nation's economy. Comprised of approximately 200,000 miles of pipe in all fifty states, liquid petroleum pipelines carried more than 40 million barrels per day, or 4 trillion barrel-miles, of crude oil and refined products during 2001. That represents about 17% of all freight transported in the United States, yet the cost of doing so amounted to only 2% of the nation's freight bill. Approximately 66% of domestic petroleum transport (by ton-mile) occurs by pipeline, with marine movements accounting for 28% and rail and truck transport making up the balance. In 2004, the movement of crude petroleum by domestic federally regulated pipelines amounted to 599.6 billion tonmiles, while that of petroleum products amounted to 315.9 billion ton-miles (AOPL 2006). As an illustration of the low cost of pipeline transportation, the cost to move a barrel of gasoline from Houston, Texas, to New York Harbor is only 3 cents per gallon, which is a small fraction of the cost of gasoline to consumers. Pipelines may be small or large, up to 48 inches in diameter. Nearly all of the mainline pipe is buried, but other pipeline components such as pump stations are above ground. Some lines are as short as a mile, while others may extend 1,000 miles or more. Some are very simple, connecting a single source to a single destination, while others are very complex, having many sources, destinations, and interconnections. Many pipelines cross one or more state boundaries (interstate), while some are located within a single state (intrastate), and still others operate on the Outer Continental Shelf and may or may not extend into one or more states. U.S. pipelines are located in coastal plains, deserts, Arctic tundra, mountains, and more than a mile beneath the water's surface of the Gulf of Mexico (Rabinow 2004; AOPL 2006). The network of crude oil pipelines in the United States is extensive. There are approximately 55,000 miles of crude oil trunk lines (usually 8 to 24 inches in diameter) in the United States that connect regional markets. The United States also has an estimated 30,000 to 40,000 miles of small gathering lines (usually 2 to 6 inches in diameter) located primarily in Texas, Oklahoma, Louisiana, and Wyoming, with small systems in a number of other oil producing states. These small lines gather the oil from many wells, both onshore and offshore, and connect to larger trunk lines measuring 8 to 24 inches in diameter. There are approximately 95,000 miles of refined products pipelines nationwide. Refined products pipelines are found in almost every state in the United States, with the exception of some New England states. These refined product pipelines vary in size from relatively small, 8- to 12-inch-diameter lines, to up to 42 inches in diameter. The overview of pipeline design, installation, and operation provided in the following sections is only a cursory treatment. Readers interested in more detailed discussions are invited to consult the myriad engineering publications available that provide such details. The two primary publications on which the following discussions are based are: Oil and Gas Pipeline Fundamentals (Kennedy 1993) and the Pipeline Rules of Thumb Handbook (McAllister 2002). Both are recommended references for additional reading for those requiring additional details. Websites maintained by various pipeline operators also can provide much useful information, as well as links to other sources of information. In particular, the website maintained by the U.S. Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration (EIA) (http://www.eia.doe.gov) is recommended. An excellent bibliography on pipeline standards and practices, including special considerations for pipelines in Arctic climates, has been published jointly by librarians for the Alyeska Pipeline Service Company (operators of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System [TAPS]) and the Geophysical Institute/International Arctic Research Center, both located in Fairbanks (Barboza and Trebelhorn 2001)

  18. U.S. International and Interstate Movements of Natural Gas by State

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979Coal Consumers in

  19. The Method of Distributed Volumetric Sources for Forecasting the Transient and Pseudo-steady State Productivity of Multiple Transverse Fractures Intersected by a Horizontal Well 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fan, Diangeng

    2011-02-22

    horizontal well intercepted by multiple transverse fractures in a bounded reservoir, and it also provides well-testing solutions. The well performance model is designed to provide enhanced efficiency with the same reliability for pressure transient analysis...

  20. Clean Air Interstate Rule: Changes and Modeling in AEO2010 (released in AEO2010)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2010-01-01

    On December 23, 2008, the D.C. Circuit Court remanded but did not vacate the Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR), overriding its previous decision on February 8, 2008, to remand and vacate CAIR. The December decision, which is reflected in Annual Energy Outlook 2010 (AEO) , allows CAIR to remain in effect, providing time for the Environmental Protection Agency to modify the rule in order to address objections raised by the Court in its earlier decision. A similar rule, referred to as the Clean Air Mercury Rule (CAMR), which was to set up a cap-and-trade system for reducing mercury emissions by approximately 70%, is not represented in the AEO2010 projections, because it was vacated by the D.C. Circuit Court in February 2008.

  1. Strategy for the Integration of Hydrogen as a Vehicle Fuel into the Existing Natural Gas Vehicle Fueling Infrastructure of the Interstate Clean Transportation Corridor Project: 22 April 2004--31 August 2005

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gladstein, Neandross and Associates

    2005-09-01

    Evaluates opportunities to integrate hydrogen into the fueling stations of the Interstate Clean Transportation Corridor--an existing network of LNG fueling stations in California and Nevada.

  2. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA BEFORE THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    that have natural gas distribution facilities. APGA members purchase interstate natural gas transportation services, usually as captive customers of a single interstate pipeline,...

  3. Multiple sclerosis genetics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cree, BAC

    2014-01-01

    recurrence rates in multiple sclerosis. Proc Natl Acad Sci Ualloantigen Ag 7a in multiple sclerosis. Lancet 2: 814. Yeosusceptibility locus for multiple sclerosis. Ann Neurol 61:

  4. Mississippi's ratable-take rule preempted: Transcontinental Gas Pipeline Corp. v. State Oil and Gas Board

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Box, A.L.

    1986-01-01

    While the Court's objections to Mississippi's ratable-take rules as applied to interstate pipelines are clear, conservation lawyers have concerns about the impact of the Transco decision upon state interests in oil and gas conservation and because the decision does not clarify the limits of preemption of state conservation legislation. A variety of state regulatory legislation challenges will likely result in different contexts. These could affect interest on royalties, payment procedures, and could even lead to conflicting regulations.

  5. Search for microscopic black holes in a like-sign dimuon final state using large track multiplicity with the ATLAS detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Frank E.

    A search is presented for microscopic black holes in a like-sign dimuon final state in proton–proton collisions at s?=8??TeV. The data were collected with the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider in 2012 and correspond ...

  6. State Support of Domestic Production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Amy Wright

    2007-12-30

    This project was developed in response to a cooperative agreement offering by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) under the State Support of Domestic Production DE-FC26-04NT15456. The Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission (IOGCC) performed efforts in support of State programs related to the security, reliability and growth if our nation's domestic production of oil and natural gas. The project objectives were to improve the States ability to monitor the security of oil and gas operations; to maximize the production of domestic oil and natural gas thereby minimizing the threat to national security posed by interruptions in energy imports; to assist States in developing and maintaining high standards of environmental protection; to assist in addressing issues that limit the capacity of the industry; to promote the deployment of the appropriate application of technology for regulatory efficiency; and to inform the public about emerging energy issues.

  7. Performance Analysis of the SensorNet's Southeastern Transportation Corridor Pilot Viewer at the Dorchester West Bound Interstate Weigh Station

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Colon Mendoza, R.A.; Lagos, L.E. [Applied Research Center, Florida International Univ., Miami, FL (United States); Hill, D.E. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    2008-07-01

    Since the 9-11 attacks, the United States has increased its focus on developing technologies designed to warn us in the event of another attack and to prevent these attacks from happening in the first place. The SensorNet research group at Oak Ridge National Laboratory's (ORNL) Computer Science and Engineering Division is participating in this effort by developing systems to give critical real-time information to federal, state, and local emergency response decision makers. SensorNet has approached this goal by putting together a system with several sensors and programs called the Southeastern Transportation Corridor Pilot project (SETCP). The SETCP utilizes interstate weigh stations not only to weigh the passing trucks but also to check for gamma and neutron radiation inside the truck without the aid of a human in close proximity. The system also collects additional data that help identify the truck (the truck's length, weight, license plate number, and photographs of the truck). The objective of this research work was to characterize and analyze the data collected from the South Carolina weigh station on I-26W and compare it with previous data analysis on the performance of the Tennessee weigh station on I-40E. The purpose was to find patterns in the trucks with radioactive alarms and, regional truck traffic, as well as to find patterns of inconsistency in the system (illogical length measurements of the truck, inaccurate readings and character recognition of the license plate). During a three-month period, radioactive alarms and traffic patterns were identified and characterized by grouping all of the data and making graphs and charts in Microsoft Excel to show the flow of traffic, the type of truck traffic, the number of alarms and other information. Inconsistence patterns were found by analyzing the data, looking for missing or illogical information, and determining how often it happens. The improvements of these inconsistencies were also analyzed after repairs were made to the system. Given the small number of radiation alarms detected, there were no clear patterns found. Further research has to be done in this area; also, the analysis period needs to be extended from three months to a year. For traffic flow patterns, it was found that the truck traffic was heaviest on Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday. The inconsistencies found and fixed in the system were the illogical length measurements and the inaccurate reading and character recognition of the license plate. During the summer of 2007, a Florida International University (FIU) student supported this research work under the direct supervision of Mr. David Hill at ORNL's Computer Science and Engineering Division. The 10-week student internship was supported by the DOE/FIU Science and Technology Workforce Initiative, an innovative program developed by the US Department of Energy's Environmental Management (DOE-EM) and FIU's Applied Research Center (FIU-ARC) (authors)

  8. Assessment of the Effect of Air Pollution Controls on Trends in Shortwave Radiation over the United States from 1995 through 2010 from Multiple Observation Networks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gan, Chuen-Meei; Pleim, Jonathan; Mathur, Rohit; Hogrefe, Christian; Long, Charles N.; Xing, Jia; Roselle, Shawn; Wei, Chao

    2014-02-14

    Long term datasets of total (all-sky) and clear-sky downwelling shortwave (SW) radiation, cloud cover fraction (cloudiness) and aerosol optical depth (AOD) are analyzed together with aerosol concentration from several networks (e.g. SURFRAD, CASTNET, IMPROVE and ARM) in the United States (US). Seven states with varying climatology are selected to better understand the effect of aerosols and clouds on SW radiation. This analysis aims to test the hypothesis that the reductions in anthropogenic aerosol burden resulting from substantial reductions in emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides over the past 15 years across the US has caused an increase in surface SW radiation. We show that the total and clear-sky downwelling SW radiation from seven sites have increasing trends except Penn State which shows no tendency in clear-sky SW radiation. After investigating several confounding factors, the causes can be due to the geography of the site, aerosol distribution, heavy air traffic and increasing cloudiness. Moreover, we assess the relationship between total column AOD with surface aerosol concentration to test our hypothesis. In our findings, the trends of clear-sky SW radiation, AOD, and aerosol concentration from the sites in eastern US agree well with our hypothesis. However, the sites in western US demonstrate increasing AOD associated with mostly increasing trends in surface aerosol concentration. At these sites, the changes in aerosol burden and/or direct aerosol effects alone cannot explain the observed changes in SW radiation, but other factors need to be considered such as cloudiness, aerosol vertical profiles and elevated plumes.

  9. State Regulations on Airborne Emissions: Update Through 2006 (Update) (released in AEO2007)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2007-01-01

    In May 2005, the Environmental Protection Agency published two final rules aimed at reducing emissions from coal-fired power plants. The Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) requires 28 states and the District of Columbia to reduce emissions of SO2 and/or NOx. The Clean Air Mercury Rule (CAMR) requires the states to reduce emissions of mercury from new and existing coal-fired plants.

  10. Climate uncertainty and implications for U.S. state-level risk assessment through 2050.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loose, Verne W.; Lowry, Thomas Stephen; Malczynski, Leonard A.; Tidwell, Vincent Carroll; Stamber, Kevin Louis; Kelic, Andjelka; Backus, George A.; Warren, Drake E.; Zagonel, Aldo A.; Ehlen, Mark Andrew; Klise, Geoffrey T.; Vargas, Vanessa N.

    2009-10-01

    Decisions for climate policy will need to take place in advance of climate science resolving all relevant uncertainties. Further, if the concern of policy is to reduce risk, then the best-estimate of climate change impacts may not be so important as the currently understood uncertainty associated with realizable conditions having high consequence. This study focuses on one of the most uncertain aspects of future climate change - precipitation - to understand the implications of uncertainty on risk and the near-term justification for interventions to mitigate the course of climate change. We show that the mean risk of damage to the economy from climate change, at the national level, is on the order of one trillion dollars over the next 40 years, with employment impacts of nearly 7 million labor-years. At a 1% exceedance-probability, the impact is over twice the mean-risk value. Impacts at the level of individual U.S. states are then typically in the multiple tens of billions dollar range with employment losses exceeding hundreds of thousands of labor-years. We used results of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's (IPCC) Fourth Assessment Report 4 (AR4) climate-model ensemble as the referent for climate uncertainty over the next 40 years, mapped the simulated weather hydrologically to the county level for determining the physical consequence to economic activity at the state level, and then performed a detailed, seventy-industry, analysis of economic impact among the interacting lower-48 states. We determined industry GDP and employment impacts at the state level, as well as interstate population migration, effect on personal income, and the consequences for the U.S. trade balance.

  11. Table 12. Interstate movements and movements across U.S. borders of natural gas by state, 2014

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2Feet)Thousand7,Year Jan995 155 Reasons that34566

  12. North American Renewables Registry (Multiple States)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The North American Renewables Registry (NAR) provides a Web-based platform trusted to create, track, and manage renewable energy certificate (REC) origination for clean generation facilities and...

  13. Comparison of Daytime and Nighttime Populations Adjacent to Interstate Highways in Metropolitan Areas Using LandScan USA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, Paul E [ORNL] [ORNL

    2007-01-01

    An article of similar title was published in the International Journal of Radioactive Materials Transport in 1999. The study concluded that the daytime and nighttime populations are not substantially different for the metropolitan areas examined. This study revisits the issue, but using the LandScan USA high resolution population distribution data, which includes daytime and night-time population. Segments of Interstate highway beltways, along with the direct route through the city, for Atlanta, St. Louis, and Kansas City are examined with an 800m buffer from either side of the highways. The day/night ratio of population is higher using the LandScan USA data. LandScan USA daytime and night-time data will be incorporated into the TRAGIS routing model in future.

  14. WAYNE STATE SCHOOL OF MEDICINE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    VandeVord, Pamela

    Multiple Sclerosis We are posting this statement on our website in response to numerous queries from our patients at the Wayne State University Multiple Sclerosis Center as well as many others via the internet in multiple sclerosis. The study by Dr Zamboni's group showed that the vast majority of patients with multiple

  15. RTG resource book for western states and provinces: Final proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1994-12-31

    The Western Interstate Energy Board held a workshop and liaison activities among western states, provinces, and utilities on the formation of Regional Transmission Groups (RTGs). Purpose of the activities was to examine the policy implications for western states and provinces in the formation of RTGs in the West, the implications for western ratepayers and utilities of the RTG formation and potential impacts of RTGs on the western electricity system. The workshop contributed to fulfilling the transmission access and competition objectives of Title VII of the Energy Policy Act of 1992.

  16. Multiple Subject Credential Program Advisement Guide Elementary Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Su, Xiao

    Multiple Subject Credential Program Advisement Guide Elementary Education San José State University ELED Advisement Guide Revised 12.16.2014 1 Introduction to SJSU Multiple Subject Credential Program The Multiple Subject Credential authorizes its holder to teach in a "self-contained" classroom in which several

  17. Tracking the Sun III; The Installed Cost of Photovoltaics in the United States from 1998-2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbose, Galen

    2011-01-01

    Program NJCEP Renewable Energy Incentive Program (REIP) No.Trends 2009. Interstate Renewable Energy Council. http://Trends 2009. Interstate Renewable Energy Council. http://

  18. Multiple mass solvers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Jegerlehner

    1997-08-29

    We present a general method to construct multiple mass solvers from standard algorithms. As an example, the BiCGstab-M algorithm is derived.

  19. Multiple density layered insulator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Alger, Terry W. (Tracy, CA)

    1994-01-01

    A multiple density layered insulator for use with a laser is disclosed wh provides at least two different insulation materials for a laser discharge tube, where the two insulation materials have different thermoconductivities. The multiple layer insulation materials provide for improved thermoconductivity capability for improved laser operation.

  20. Unintended effects of federal transportation policy: a look at the lifecycle costs of the interstate system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lukmann, Andrew T

    2009-01-01

    The federal surface transportation program in the United States stands at a crossroads. Short on money and lacking vision, the program is in need of reevaluation and reform. This thesis attempts to illustrate the current ...

  1. Results of the radiological survey at Interstate 80, North Right of Way at Lodi Brook, Lodi, New Jersey (LJ077)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Foley, R.D.; Floyd, L.M.

    1989-06-01

    Maywood Chemical Works (MCW) of Maywood, New Jersey, generated process wastes and residues associated with the production and refining of thorium and thorium compounds from monazite ores from 1916 to 1956. MCW supplied rare earth metals and thorium compounds to the Atomic Energy Commission and various other government agencies from the late 1940s to the mid-1950s. Area residents used the sandlike waste from this thorium extraction process mixed with tea and cocoa leaves as mulch in their yards. Some of these contaminated wastes were also eroded from the site into Lodi Brook. At the request of the US Department of Energy (DOE), a group from Oak Ridge National Laboratory conducts investigative radiological surveys of properties in the vicinity of MCW to determine whether a property is contaminated with radioactive residues, principally /sup 232/Th, derived from the MCW site. The survey typically includes direct measurement of gamma radiation levels and oil sampling for radionuclide analyses. The survey of this site, on the North Right of Way of Interstate 80 at Lodi Brook, Lodi, New Jersey (LJ077), was conducted during 1988. Results of the survey demonstrated radionuclide concentrations in excess of the DOE Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program criteria. The radionuclide distributions are typical of the type of material originating from the MCW site. 5 refs., 3 figs., 3 tabs.

  2. Modular multiplication operator and quantized baker's maps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lakshminarayan, Arul [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Physik komplexer Systeme, Noethnitzer Strasse 38, D-01187 Dresden (Germany)

    2007-10-15

    The modular multiplication operator, a central subroutine in Shor's factoring algorithm, is shown to be a coherent superposition of two quantum baker's maps when the multiplier is 2. The classical limit of the maps being completely chaotic, it is shown that there exist perturbations that push the modular multiplication operator into regimes of generic quantum chaos with spectral fluctuations that are those of random matrices. For the initial state of relevance to Shor's algorithm we study fidelity decay due to phase and bit-flip errors in a single qubit and show exponential decay with shoulders at multiples or half-multiples of the order. A simple model is used to gain some understanding of this behavior.

  3. FOURIER TRANSFORM MULTIPLE QUANTUM NMR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drobny, G.

    2011-01-01

    of transition observed in Fourier transform multiple quantumDecember 18-19, 1979 FOURIER TRANSFORM MULTIPLE QUANTUM NMRof London, December 1978. FOURIER TRANSFO~~ MULTIPLE QUANTUM

  4. Multiple stage multiple filter hydrate store

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bjorkman, Jr., Harry K. (Birmingham, MI)

    1983-05-31

    An improved hydrate store for a metal halogen battery system is disclosed which employs a multiple stage, multiple filter means or separating the halogen hydrate from the liquid used in forming the hydrate. The filter means is constructed in the form of three separate sections which combine to substantially cover the interior surface of the store container. Exit conduit means is provided in association with the filter means for transmitting liquid passing through the filter means to a hydrate former subsystem. The hydrate former subsystem combines the halogen gas generated during the charging of the battery system with the liquid to form the hydrate in association with the store. Relief valve means is interposed in the exit conduit means for controlling the operation of the separate sections of the filter means, such that the liquid flow through the exit conduit means from each of the separate sections is controlled in a predetermined sequence. The three separate sections of the filter means operate in three discrete stages to provide a substantially uniform liquid flow to the hydrate former subsystem during the charging of the battery system. The separation of the liquid from the hydrate causes an increase in the density of the hydrate by concentrating the hydrate along the filter means.

  5. Multiple stage multiple filter hydrate store

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bjorkman, H.K. Jr.

    1983-05-31

    An improved hydrate store for a metal halogen battery system is disclosed which employs a multiple stage, multiple filter means for separating the halogen hydrate from the liquid used in forming the hydrate. The filter means is constructed in the form of three separate sections which combine to substantially cover the interior surface of the store container. Exit conduit means is provided in association with the filter means for transmitting liquid passing through the filter means to a hydrate former subsystem. The hydrate former subsystem combines the halogen gas generated during the charging of the battery system with the liquid to form the hydrate in association with the store. Relief valve means is interposed in the exit conduit means for controlling the operation of the separate sections of the filter means, such that the liquid flow through the exit conduit means from each of the separate sections is controlled in a predetermined sequence. The three separate sections of the filter means operate in three discrete stages to provide a substantially uniform liquid flow to the hydrate former subsystem during the charging of the battery system. The separation of the liquid from the hydrate causes an increase in the density of the hydrate by concentrating the hydrate along the filter means. 7 figs.

  6. Fast matrix multiplication is stable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demmel, James; Holtz, Olga; Kleinberg, Robert; Dumitriu, Ioana

    2007-01-01

    Raz. On the complexity of matrix product. SIAM J. Comput. ,of fast algorithms for matrix multiplication. Num. Math. ,and Shmuel Winograd. Matrix multiplication via arithmetic

  7. Recent progress in siting low-level waste disposal facilities in the Southwestern Compact and the Central Interstate Compact

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeOld, J.H.; Shaffner, J.A.

    1995-11-01

    US Ecology is the private contractor selected to develop and operate low-level waste disposal facilities in the Southwestern and the Central Interstate Compacts. These initiatives have been proceeding for almost a decade in somewhat different regulatory and political climates. This paper chronicles recent events in both projects. In both cases there is reason for continued optimism that low-level waste facilities to serve the needs of waste generators in these two compacts will soon be a reality. When the California Department of Health Services issued a license for the proposed Ward Valley LLRW disposal facility on September 16, 1993, it represented a significant step in implementation of a new generation of regional LLRW disposal facilities. While limited scope land transfer hearings were on the horizon, project beneficiaries were confident that the disposal site would be operational by 1995. Since then, however, political initiatives championed by Senator Barbara Boxer (D-CA) have clouded the federal land transfer process and left the commencement date of operations indeterminant. Since 1993, the biomedical community, waste generators most affected by delays, have been petitioning the current administration to emphasize the need for a timely solution. These efforts are aimed at Clinton administration officials responsible for current delays, who apparently have not recognized the importance of the Ward Valley facility to California`s economy, nor the national ramifications of their delaying actions. The current status of challenges to the Ward Valley license and California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) documentation is also provided. The presentation also discusses the recently completed National Academy of Science evaluation of reports critical of the Ward Valley development process.

  8. Climate Determinism Revisited: Multiple Equilibria in a Complex Climate Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferreira, David

    Multiple equilibria in a coupled ocean–atmosphere–sea ice general circulation model (GCM) of an aquaplanet with many degrees of freedom are studied. Three different stable states are found for exactly the same set of ...

  9. High Multiplicity Searches at the LHC Using Jet Masses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hook, Anson; /SLAC /Stanford U., Appl. Phys. Dept.; Izaguirre, Eder; /SLAC /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Lisanti, Mariangela; /Princeton U.; Wacker, Jay G.; /SLAC /Stanford U., ITP

    2012-04-24

    This article introduces a new class of searches for physics beyond the Standard Model that improves the sensitivity to signals with high jet multiplicity. The proposed searches gain access to high multiplicity signals by reclustering events into large-radius, or 'fat', jets and by requiring that each event has multiple massive jets. This technique is applied to supersymmetric scenarios in which gluinos are pair-produced and then subsequently decay to final states with either moderate quantities of missing energy or final states without missing energy. In each of these scenarios, the use of jet mass improves the estimated reach in gluino mass by 20% to 50% over current LHC searches.

  10. Renewable Portfolio Standards in the United States - A Status Report with Data Through 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan

    2008-01-01

    and solar data for all years were from Larry Sherwood (Interstate Renewable Energyand solar data for all years come from Larry Sherwood (Interstate Renewable Energysupported by solar renewable energy credits. Note: Data are

  11. Spatial Dispersion of Lesions as a Surrogate Biomarker for Disability in Multiple Sclerosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamarneh, Ghassan

    Spatial Dispersion of Lesions as a Surrogate Biomarker for Disability in Multiple Sclerosis Fahime hamarneh@sfu.ca Abstract Many previous studies in multiple sclerosis (MS) have focused on the relationship for monitoring the pathological state and progression of multiple sclerosis (MS) [9]. However, previ- ous studies

  12. Origin State Destination State

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    rates for coal, state to state, STB data Origin State Destination State 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2001-2009 2008-2009 Alabama Alabama W W W W W W W W W W W...

  13. California’s Water Footprint: recent trends and framework for a sustainable transition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fulton, Julian

    2015-01-01

    and Interstate Movements of Natural Gas by State. ” http://2014: Market Trends: Natural Gas. http://www.eia.gov/and Interstate Movements of Natural Gas by State. ” http://

  14. Multiple capillary biochemical analyzer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dovichi, Norman J. (Edmonton, CA); Zhang, Jian Z. (Edmonton, CA)

    1995-01-01

    A multiple capillary analyzer allows detection of light from multiple capillaries with a reduced number of interfaces through which light must pass in detecting light emitted from a sample being analyzed, using a modified sheath flow cuvette. A linear or rectangular array of capillaries is introduced into a rectangular flow chamber. Sheath fluid draws individual sample streams through the cuvette. The capillaries are closely and evenly spaced and held by a transparent retainer in a fixed position in relation to an optical detection system. Collimated sample excitation radiation is applied simultaneously across the ends of the capillaries in the retainer. Light emitted from the excited sample is detected by the optical detection system. The retainer is provided by a transparent chamber having inward slanting end walls. The capillaries are wedged into the chamber. One sideways dimension of the chamber is equal to the diameter of the capillaries and one end to end dimension varies from, at the top of the chamber, slightly greater than the sum of the diameters of the capillaries to, at the bottom of the chamber, slightly smaller than the sum of the diameters of the capillaries. The optical system utilizes optic fibres to deliver light to individual photodetectors, one for each capillary tube. A filter or wavelength division demultiplexer may be used for isolating fluorescence at particular bands.

  15. Multiple capillary biochemical analyzer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dovichi, N.J.; Zhang, J.Z.

    1995-08-08

    A multiple capillary analyzer allows detection of light from multiple capillaries with a reduced number of interfaces through which light must pass in detecting light emitted from a sample being analyzed, using a modified sheath flow cuvette. A linear or rectangular array of capillaries is introduced into a rectangular flow chamber. Sheath fluid draws individual sample streams through the cuvette. The capillaries are closely and evenly spaced and held by a transparent retainer in a fixed position in relation to an optical detection system. Collimated sample excitation radiation is applied simultaneously across the ends of the capillaries in the retainer. Light emitted from the excited sample is detected by the optical detection system. The retainer is provided by a transparent chamber having inward slanting end walls. The capillaries are wedged into the chamber. One sideways dimension of the chamber is equal to the diameter of the capillaries and one end to end dimension varies from, at the top of the chamber, slightly greater than the sum of the diameters of the capillaries to, at the bottom of the chamber, slightly smaller than the sum of the diameters of the capillaries. The optical system utilizes optic fibers to deliver light to individual photodetectors, one for each capillary tube. A filter or wavelength division demultiplexer may be used for isolating fluorescence at particular bands. 21 figs.

  16. Interstate 40 Magnolia Ave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xiaorui "Ray"

    .Library 215- 8750 19. Knoxville Museum of Art 525-6101 20. Downtown Grill & Brewery 633-8111 21. Riviera 8

  17. Genetics of primary progressive multiple sclerosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cree, BAC

    2014-01-01

    for association with multiple sclerosis in a N. Irish casepolymorphisms and multiple sclerosis in Northern Ireland. Jclinical course of multiple sclerosis. Neurology 68: 376–

  18. Lectin complement activation pathway in multiple sclerosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rana, Puneet Vinod

    2012-01-01

    The pathology of multiple sclerosis is location-dependent:and management of multiple sclerosis. Am. Fam. Physician.interactions in multiple sclerosis: innate and adaptive

  19. Selectivity in multiple quantum nuclear magnetic resonance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Warren, W.S.

    1980-11-01

    The observation of multiple-quantum nuclear magnetic resonance transitions in isotropic or anisotropic liquids is shown to give readily interpretable information on molecular configurations, rates of motional processes, and intramolecular interactions. However, the observed intensity of high multiple-quantum transitions falls off dramatically as the number of coupled spins increases. The theory of multiple-quantum NMR is developed through the density matrix formalism, and exact intensities are derived for several cases (isotropic first-order systems and anisotropic systems with high symmetry) to shown that this intensity decrease is expected if standard multiple-quantum pulse sequences are used. New pulse sequences are developed which excite coherences and produce population inversions only between selected states, even though other transitions are simultaneously resonant. One type of selective excitation presented only allows molecules to absorb and emit photons in groups of n. Coherent averaging theory is extended to describe these selective sequences, and to design sequences which are selective to arbitrarily high order in the Magnus expansion. This theory and computer calculations both show that extremely good selectivity and large signal enhancements are possible.

  20. Intravalley Multiple Scattering of Quasiparticles in Graphene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Y. Vaishnav; Justin Q. Anderson; Jamie D. Walls

    2011-05-28

    We develop a theoretical description of intravalley scattering of quasiparticles in graphene from multiple short-range scatterers of size much greater than the carbon-carbon bond length. Our theory provides a method to rapidly calculate the Green's function in graphene for arbitrary configurations of scatterers. We demonstrate that non-collinear multiple scattering trajectories generate pseudospin rotations that alter quasiparticle interference, resulting in significant modifications to the shape, intensity, and pattern of the interference fringes in the local density of states (LDOS). We illustrate these effects via theoretical calculations of the LDOS for a variety of scattering configurations in single layer graphene. A clear understanding of impurity scattering in graphene is a step towards exploiting graphene's unique properties to build future devices.

  1. Design of Controllers for a Multiple Input Multiple Output System 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Amanda Lynne

    2012-07-16

    A method of controller design for multiple input multiple output (MIMO) system is needed that will not give the high order controllers of modern control theory but will be more systematic than the “ad hoc” method. The objective of this method...

  2. Multiple stage railgun

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hawke, Ronald S. (Livermore, CA); Scudder, Jonathan K. (Pleasanton, CA); Aaland, Kristian (Livermore, CA)

    1982-01-01

    A multiple stage magnetic railgun accelerator (10) for accelerating a projectile (15) by movement of a plasma arc (13) along the rails (11,12). The railgun (10) is divided into a plurality of successive rail stages (10a-n) which are sequentially energized by separate energy sources (14a-n) as the projectile (15) moves through the bore (17) of the railgun (10). Propagation of energy from an energized rail stage back towards the breech end (29) of the railgun (10) can be prevented by connection of the energy sources (14a-n) to the rails (11,12) through isolation diodes (34a-n). Propagation of energy from an energized rail stage back towards the breech end of the railgun can also be prevented by dividing the rails (11,12) into electrically isolated rail sections (11a-n, 12a-n). In such case means (55a-n) are used to extinguish the arc at the end of each energized stage and a fuse (31) or laser device (61) is used to initiate a new plasma arc in the next energized rail stage.

  3. Search for supersymmetry in hadronic final states with missing transverse energy using the variables AlphaT and b-quark multiplicity in pp collisions at 8 TeV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chatrchyan, Serguei; et al.

    2013-09-01

    An inclusive search for supersymmetric processes that produce final states with jets and missing transverse energy is performed in pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 11.7 fb?1 collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC. In this search, a dimensionless kinematic variable, ? T, is used to discriminate between events with genuine and misreconstructed missing transverse energy. The search is based on an examination of the number of reconstructed jets per event, the scalar sum of transverse energies of these jets, and the number of these jets identified as originating from bottom quarks. No significant excess of events over the standard model expectation is found. Exclusion limits are set in the parameter space of simplified models, with a special emphasis on both compressed-spectrum scenarios and direct or gluino-induced production of third-generation squarks. For the case of gluino-mediated squark production, gluino masses up to 950–1125 GeV are excluded depending on the assumed model. For the direct pair-production of squarks, masses up to 450 GeV are excluded for a single light first- or second-generation squark, increasing to 600 GeV for bottom squarks.

  4. Idaho/Transmission/State Regulations | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    direct authority to site high-voltage transmission lines is limited to transmission lines located within National Interstate Electric Transmission Corridors (NIETC); however,...

  5. Constraining multiple systems with GAIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beauvalet, L.

    GAIA will provide observations of some multiple asteroid and dwarf systems. These observations are a way to determine and improve the quantification of dynamical parameters, such as the masses and the gravity fields, in ...

  6. Multiple Motivations Institutional Change Principle

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The multiple motivations principle suggests that a portfolio approach—rather than a single strategy—may be required to achieve change. Research demonstrates that people and institutions adopt new...

  7. V-092: Pidgin Multiple Vulnerabilities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Multiple vulnerabilities have been reported in Pidgin, which can be exploited by malicious people to manipulate certain data, cause a DoS (Denial of Service), and compromise a user's system.

  8. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 74:160167, 2004 Mapping Multiple Sclerosis Susceptibility to the HLA-DR Locus in African

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich, David

    Am. J. Hum. Genet. 74:160­167, 2004 160 Report Mapping Multiple Sclerosis Susceptibility to the HLA, CA; 3 Multiple Sclerosis Center, Department of Neurology, Wayne State University School of Medicine susceptibility exists in multiple sclerosis (MS), and an association with the HLA- DRB1*1501-DQB1*0602 haplotype

  9. Multiple hit hypotheses for dopamine neuron loss in Parkinson's disease

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sulzer, David

    State Psychiatric Institute, New York City, NY 10032, USA Parkinson's disease arises from geneticMultiple hit hypotheses for dopamine neuron loss in Parkinson's disease David Sulzer Departments features. Although many genetic mutations have been suggested as causes or risk factors for Parkinson

  10. Performance of Multiple Pulse Multiple Delay Modulated UWB Signals in a Multiple Access Indoor Wireless Channel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nekoogar, F

    2003-06-12

    In this paper, the performance of a two user UWB multiple access (UWB-MA) system based on multiple-pulse multiple-delay (MPMD) modulation scheme in an indoor wireless channel is evaluated by computer simulations. The indoor multipath propagation channel model used in this study is based on the modified statistical Saleh-Valenzuela model proposed by Foerester and Li from Intel. The simulation results indicate that the multipath performance of MPMD modulated signals in a multiple access system outperforms the nonmultipath case as the number of autocorrelation function (ACF) sampling points increases for each user. This is an unusual but important result, since MPMD receiver exploits multipath phenomenon in indoor wireless channels to increase the BER performance, hence the transmission rate in a UWB-MA system.

  11. Steady State Multiplicity in a Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ee-Sunn J. Chia; Jay B. Benziger; Ioannis G. Kevrekidis

    2003-06-16

    A simplified differential reactor model that embodies the essential physics controlling PEM fuel cell (PEM-FC) dynamics is presented. A remarkable analogy exists between water management in the differential PEM-FC and energy balance in the classical exothermic stirred tank reactor. Water, the reaction product in the PEM-FC autocatalytically accelerates the reaction rate by enhancing proton transport through the PEM. Established analyses of heat autocatalyticity in a CSTR are modified to present water management autocatalyticity in a stirred tank reactor PEM-FC.

  12. Robust Ensemble Kalman Filters and Localization for Multiple State Variables 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roh, Soojin

    2014-05-23

    value, c, decreases, the error variance increases but the bias 19 ll l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l EnKF Huberize Discard ? 15 ? 10 ? 5 0 5 10 t= 30 bia s l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l ll l l l l l l l l l... l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l EnKF ?=0.9 ?=0.8 ?=0.7 ll l l l l l l l ll ll l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l EnKF Huberize Discard ? 15 ? 10 ? 5 0 5 10 t= 31 bia s l l l l l l...

  13. State Regulators Promote Consumer Choice in Retail Gas Markets

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    1996-01-01

    Restructuring of interstate pipeline companies has created new choices and challenges for local distribution companies (LDCs), their regulators, and their customers. The process of separating interstate pipeline gas sales from transportation service has been completed and has resulted in greater gas procurement options for LDCs.

  14. Page 1 of 6 New Mexico State Cooperative Extension Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ". · A freeze brand does not qualify as a New Mexico registered brand. · Certificates of Brand Exemption entry rules USDA interstate transport rules including a Certificate of Veterinary Inspection (CVI livestock entry rules and USDA interstate transport rules including a Certificate of Veterinary Inspection

  15. CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION Multiple Efforts to Secure...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION Multiple Efforts to Secure Control Systems Are Under Way, but Challenges Remain CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION Multiple Efforts to Secure...

  16. Automatic Incremental Routing Using Multiple Roots

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghosh, Rumi; Garcia-Luna-Aceves, J.J.

    2013-01-01

    J. J. Garcia-Luna-Aceves, “Automatic Routing Using MultipleAutomatic Incremental Routing Using Multiple Roots RumiWe present Multi-root Automatic Incremental Rout- ing (

  17. Simulated fuel economy and emissions performance during city and interstate driving for a heavy-duty hybrid truck

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daw, C Stuart; Gao, Zhiming; Smith, David E; LaClair, Tim J; Pihl, Josh A; Edwards, Kevin Dean

    2013-01-01

    We compare simulated fuel economy and emissions for both conventional and hybrid class 8 heavy-duty diesel trucks operating over multiple urban and highway driving cycles. Both light and heavy freight loads were considered, and all simulations included full aftertreatment for NOx and particulate emissions controls. The aftertreatment components included a diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC), urea-selective catalytic NOx reduction (SCR), and a catalyzed diesel particulate filter (DPF). Our simulated hybrid powertrain was configured with a pre-transmission parallel drive, with a single electric motor between the clutch and gearbox. A conventional HD truck with equivalent diesel engine and aftertreatment was also simulated for comparison. Our results indicate that hybridization can significantly increase HD fuel economy and improve emissions control in city driving. However, there is less potential hybridization benefit for HD highway driving. A major factor behind the reduced hybridization benefit for highway driving is that there are fewer opportunities to utilize regenerative breaking. Our aftertreatment simulations indicate that opportunities for passive DPF regeneration are much greater for both hybrid and conventional trucks during highway driving due to higher sustained exhaust temperatures. When passive DPF regeneration is extensively utilized, the fuel penalty for particulate control is virtually eliminated, except for the 0.4%-0.9% fuel penalty associated with the slightly higher exhaust backpressure.

  18. Attacks on a Lightweight Cipher Based on a Multiple Recursive Generator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Attacks on a Lightweight Cipher Based on a Multiple Recursive Generator Lu Xiao and Gregory G. Rose Abstract At IEEE GLOBECOM 2008, a lightweight cipher based on a Multiple Recursive Generator (MRG plaintext attack is proposed to construct the cipher's current state and generate subkeys used for all

  19. Attacks on a Lightweight Cipher Based on a Multiple Recursive Generator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Attacks on a Lightweight Cipher Based on a Multiple Recursive Generator Lu Xiao and Gregory G. Rose Abstract At IEEE GLOBECOM 2008, a lightweight cipher based on a Multiple Recursive Generator (MRG attack is proposed to construct the cipher's current state and generate subkeys used for all subsequent

  20. Multiple resonant railgun power supply

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Honig, Emanuel M. (Los Alamos, NM); Nunnally, William C. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1988-01-01

    A multiple repetitive resonant railgun power supply provides energy for repetitively propelling projectiles from a pair of parallel rails. A plurality of serially connected paired parallel rails are powered by similar power supplies. Each supply comprises an energy storage capacitor, a storage inductor to form a resonant circuit with the energy storage capacitor and a magnetic switch to transfer energy between the resonant circuit and the pair of parallel rails for the propelling of projectiles. The multiple serial operation permits relatively small energy components to deliver overall relatively large amounts of energy to the projectiles being propelled.

  1. Protein search for multiple targets on DNA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin Lange; Maria Kochugaeva; Anatoly B. Kolomeisky

    2015-08-03

    Protein-DNA interactions are crucial for all biological processes. One of the most important fundamental aspects of these interactions is the process of protein searching and recognizing specific binding sites on DNA. A large number of experimental and theoretical investigations have been devoted to uncovering the molecular description of these phenomena, but many aspects of the mechanisms of protein search for the targets on DNA remain not well understood. One of the most intriguing problems is the role of multiple targets in protein search dynamics. Using a recently developed theoretical framework we analyze this question in detail. Our method is based on a discrete-state stochastic approach that takes into account most relevant physical-chemical processes and leads to fully analytical description of all dynamic properties. Specifically, systems with two and three targets have been explicitly investigated. It is found that multiple targets in most cases accelerate the search in comparison with a single target situation. However, the acceleration is not always proportional to the number of targets. Surprisingly, there are even situations when it takes longer to find one of the multiple targets in comparison with the single target. It depends on the spatial position of the targets, distances between them, average scanning lengths of protein molecules on DNA, and the total DNA lengths. Physical-chemical explanations of observed results are presented. Our predictions are compared with experimental observations as well as with results from a continuum theory for the protein search. Extensive Monte Carlo computer simulations fully support our theoretical calculations.

  2. Graduate Schools of the Health Professions that Use the Multiple Mini Interview (MMI), 9/14

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Venkat

    Graduate Schools of the Health Professions that Use the Multiple Mini Interview (MMI), 9/14 MD of Medicine · Michigan State College of Human Medicine · New York Medical College · New York University

  3. Multiple output timing and trigger generator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wheat, Robert M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dale, Gregory E [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01

    In support of the development of a multiple stage pulse modulator at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, we have developed a first generation, multiple output timing and trigger generator. Exploiting Commercial Off The Shelf (COTS) Micro Controller Units (MCU's), the timing and trigger generator provides 32 independent outputs with a timing resolution of about 500 ns. The timing and trigger generator system is comprised of two MCU boards and a single PC. One of the MCU boards performs the functions of the timing and signal generation (the timing controller) while the second MCU board accepts commands from the PC and provides the timing instructions to the timing controller. The PC provides the user interface for adjusting the on and off timing for each of the output signals. This system provides 32 output or timing signals which can be pre-programmed to be in an on or off state for each of 64 time steps. The width or duration of each of the 64 time steps is programmable from 2 {micro}s to 2.5 ms with a minimum time resolution of 500 ns. The repetition rate of the programmed pulse train is only limited by the time duration of the programmed event. This paper describes the design and function of the timing and trigger generator system and software including test results and measurements.

  4. Montana State University 1 Cell Biology and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Montana State University 1 Cell Biology and Neuroscience The department participates: MSU's programs in the biological sciences are distributed across multiple departments. MSU does not have a single Department of Biology. For additional options see Biological Sciences (http

  5. Multiple Exciton Generation Solar Cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luther, J. M.; Semonin, O. E.; Beard, M. C.; Gao, J.; Nozik, A. J.

    2012-01-01

    Heat loss is the major factor limiting traditional single junction solar cells to a theoretical efficiency of 32%. Multiple Exciton Generation (MEG) enables efficient use of the solar spectrum yielding a theoretical power conversion efficiency of 44% in solar cells under 1-sun conditions. Quantum-confined semiconductors have demonstrated the ability to generate multiple carriers but present-day materials deliver efficiencies far below the SQ limit of 32%. Semiconductor quantum dots of PbSe and PbS provide an active testbed for developing high-efficiency, inexpensive solar cells benefitting from quantum confinement effects. Here, we will present recent work of solar cells employing MEG to yield external quantum efficiencies exceeding 100%.

  6. Multiple target laser ablation system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mashburn, Douglas N. (Knoxville, TN)

    1996-01-01

    A laser ablation apparatus and method are provided in which multiple targets consisting of material to be ablated are mounted on a movable support. The material transfer rate is determined for each target material, and these rates are stored in a controller. A position detector determines which target material is in a position to be ablated, and then the controller controls the beam trigger timing and energy level to achieve a desired proportion of each constituent material in the resulting film.

  7. Multiple target laser ablation system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mashburn, D.N.

    1996-01-09

    A laser ablation apparatus and method are provided in which multiple targets consisting of material to be ablated are mounted on a movable support. The material transfer rate is determined for each target material, and these rates are stored in a controller. A position detector determines which target material is in a position to be ablated, and then the controller controls the beam trigger timing and energy level to achieve a desired proportion of each constituent material in the resulting film. 3 figs.

  8. Multiple hypothesis testing -recent developments and future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steinsland, Ingelin

    NTNU Multiple hypothesis testing - recent developments and future challenges Ingelin Steinsland developments and future challenges ­ p.1/28 #12;NTNU Outline Single hypothesis testing Multiple hypothesis testing Quantities and issues False discovery rates Future challenges Within false discovery rates

  9. Stochastic dynamics of Arctic sea ice Part II: Multiplicative noise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moon, Woosok

    2015-01-01

    We analyze the numerical solutions of a stochastic Arctic sea ice model with multiplicative noise over a wide range of external heat-fluxes, $\\Delta F_0$, which correspond to greenhouse gas forcing. When the noise is multiplicative, the noise-magnitude depends on the state-variable, and this will influence the statistical moments in a manner that differs from the additive case, which we analyzed in Part I of this study. The state variable describing the deterministic backbone of our model is the energy, $E(t)$, contained in the ice or the ocean and for a thorough comparison and contrast we choose the simplest form of multiplicative noise $\\sigma E(t) \\xi(t)$, where $\\sigma$ is the noise amplitude and $\\xi(t)$ is the noise process. The case of constant additive noise (CA) we write as $\\sigma\\overline{E_S}\\xi(t)$, in which $\\overline{E_S}$ is the seasonally averaged value of the periodic deterministic steady-state solution $E_S(t)$, or the deterministic seasonal cycle. We then treat the case of seasonally-varyi...

  10. Multiple soil nutrient competition between plants, microbes,...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Journal Article: Multiple soil nutrient competition between plants, microbes, and mineral surfaces: model development, parameterization, and example applications in several...

  11. EFFICIENT DESIGNS OF MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS CLINICAL TRIALS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brennand, Tracy

    EFFICIENT DESIGNS OF MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS CLINICAL TRIALS by Dean Emile Vrecko B.Sc., University of Science Title of project: Efficient Designs of Multiple Sclerosis Clinical Trials Examining Committee: Dr Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a debilitating disease that attacks the central nervous system. Much research

  12. ORIGINAL CONTRIBUTION Modification of Multiple Sclerosis Phenotypes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich, David

    ORIGINAL CONTRIBUTION Modification of Multiple Sclerosis Phenotypes by African Ancestry at HLA. Oksenberg, PhD Background: In those with multiple sclerosis (MS), Afri- can American individuals have a more ancestry at HLA correlated with dis- ability as measured by the Multiple Sclerosis Severity Score (P .001

  13. http://msj.sagepub.com Multiple Sclerosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamarneh, Ghassan

    http://msj.sagepub.com Multiple Sclerosis DOI: 10.1177/135248506071178 2006; 12; 1Mult Scler Oral://www.sagepublications.com can be found at:Multiple SclerosisAdditional services and information for http in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients at a faster rate ((/4.5% versus (/1%) than loss in whole brain volume

  14. Multiple Sclerosis Luminance Threshold and Measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foster, David H.

    Multiple Sclerosis Luminance Threshold and Measurements of Temporal Characteristics of Vision indicates multiple sclerosis; ON, optic neuritis. Table 1.-Clinical Details of Patients Details of Eye In patient with multiple sclerosis (MS) and In normal control subjects. The Inten Itles of the tlmull used

  15. Short Papers___________________________________________________________________________________________________ Mining Multiple-Level Association

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Xindong

    ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ Mining Multiple-Level Association Rules in Large Databases Jiawei Han, Member, IEEE Computer Society for efficient mining of multiple-level association rules from large transaction databases based on the Apriori. Index TermsÐData mining, knowledge discovery in databases, association rules, multiple-level association

  16. PARALLEL MATRIX MULTIPLICATION: A SYSTEMATIC JOURNEY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Batory, Don

    PARALLEL MATRIX MULTIPLICATION: A SYSTEMATIC JOURNEY MARTIN D. SCHATZ, ROBERT A. VAN DE GEIJN- trix matrix multiplication algorithms. The journey starts with a description of how matrices implementation of matrix-vector multiplication and rank-1 update, continues on to reveal a fam- ily of matrix-matrix

  17. Multiple piece turbine rotor blade

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jones, Russell B; Fedock, John A

    2013-05-21

    A multiple piece turbine rotor blade with a shell having an airfoil shape and secured between a spar and a platform with the spar including a tip end piece. a snap ring fits around the spar and abuts against the spar tip end piece on a top side and abuts against a shell on the bottom side so that the centrifugal loads from the shell is passed through the snap ring and into the spar and not through a tip cap dovetail slot and projection structure.

  18. Recirculation in multiple wave conversions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brizard, A. J. [Department of Chemistry and Physics, Saint Michael's College, Colchester, Vermont 05439 (United States); Kaufman, A. N. [Department of Physics and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Tracy, E. R. [Department of Physics, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia 23187-8795 (United States)

    2008-08-15

    A one-dimensional multiple wave-conversion model is constructed that allows energy recirculation in ray phase space. Using a modular eikonal approach, the connection coefficients for this model are calculated by ray phase-space methods. Analytical results (confirmed numerically) show that all connection coefficients exhibit interference effects that depend on an interference phase, calculated from the coupling constants and the area enclosed by the intersecting rays. This conceptual model, which focuses on the topology of intersecting rays in phase space, is used to investigate how mode conversion between primary and secondary waves is modified by the presence of a tertiary wave.

  19. Multiple channel data acquisition system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Crawley, H.B.; Rosenberg, E.I.; Meyer, W.T.; Gorbics, M.S.; Thomas, W.D.; McKay, R.L.; Homer, J.F. Jr.

    1990-05-22

    A multiple channel data acquisition system for the transfer of large amounts of data from a multiplicity of data channels has a plurality of modules which operate in parallel to convert analog signals to digital data and transfer that data to a communications host via a FASTBUS. Each module has a plurality of submodules which include a front end buffer (FEB) connected to input circuitry having an analog to digital converter with cache memory for each of a plurality of channels. The submodules are interfaced with the FASTBUS via a FASTBUS coupler which controls a module bus and a module memory. The system is triggered to effect rapid parallel data samplings which are stored to the cache memories. The cache memories are uploaded to the FEBs during which zero suppression occurs. The data in the FEBs is reformatted and compressed by a local processor during transfer to the module memory. The FASTBUS coupler is used by the communications host to upload the compressed and formatted data from the module memory. The local processor executes programs which are downloaded to the module memory through the FASTBUS coupler. 25 figs.

  20. Multiple protocol fluorometer and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kolber, Zbigniew S. (Shoreham, NY); Falkowski, Paul G. (Stony Brook, NY)

    2000-09-19

    A multiple protocol fluorometer measures photosynthetic parameters of phytoplankton and higher plants using actively stimulated fluorescence protocols. The measured parameters include spectrally-resolved functional and optical absorption cross sections of PSII, extent of energy transfer between reaction centers of PSII, F.sub.0 (minimal), F.sub.m (maximal) and F.sub.v (variable) components of PSII fluorescence, photochemical and non-photochemical quenching, size of the plastoquinone (PQ) pool, and the kinetics of electron transport between Q.sub.a and PQ pool and between PQ pool and PSI. The multiple protocol fluorometer, in one embodiment, is equipped with an excitation source having a controlled spectral output range between 420 nm and 555 nm and capable of generating flashlets having a duration of 0.125-32 .mu.s, an interval between 0.5 .mu.s and 2 seconds, and peak optical power of up to 2 W/cm.sup.2. The excitation source is also capable of generating, simultaneous with the flashlets, a controlled continuous, background illumination.

  1. State Regulations on Airborne Emissions: Update Through 2007 (Update) (released in AEO2008)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2008-01-01

    States are moving forward with implementation plans for the Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR). The program, promulgated by the EPA in March 2005, is a cap-and-trade system designed to reduce emissions of SO2 and NOx. States originally had until March 2007 to submit implementation plans, but the deadline has been extended by another year. CAIR covers 28 eastern states and the District of Columbia. States have the option to participate in the cap-and trade plan or devise their own plans, which can be more stringent than the federal requirements. To date, no state has indicated an intent to form NOx and SO2 programs with emissions limits stricter than those in CAIR, and it is expected that all states will participate in the Environmental Protection Agency administered cap-and-trade program. CAIR remains on schedule for implementation, and Annual Energy Outlook 2008 includes CAIR by assuming that all required states will meet only the federal requirement and will trade credits.

  2. Spinal cord gray matter atrophy correlates with multiple sclerosis disability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-01-01

    Atrophy Correlates with Multiple Sclerosis Disability Regina1,5,6 Objective: In multiple sclerosis (MS), cerebral grayPMS 5 progressive multiple sclerosis; RMS 5 relapsing

  3. In vivo evidence of glutamate toxicity in multiple sclerosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-01-01

    relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. A two year follow-upEDSS) 27 and the Multiple Sclerosis Functional Composite (P, Pitt D, Raine CS. Multiple sclerosis: altered glutamate

  4. Prognostic biomarkers of IFNb therapy in multiple sclerosis patients

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    beta-1a Subcutaneously in Multiple Sclerosis) Study Group.1a in relapsing/remitting multiple sclerosis. Lancet 1998;BAC) and the National Multiple Sclerosis Society (to SEB).

  5. Genetic associations with brain cortical thickness in multiple sclerosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    Weinshenker, B.G. (2000) Multiple sclerosis. N Engl J Medcorrelations in multiple sclerosis: HLA genes in?uencecerebral cortex in multiple sclerosis. Brain 126, Shannon,

  6. Interstate Grid Electrification Improvement Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting

  7. Coulomb pairing resonances in multiple-ring aromatic molecules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huber, D L

    2015-01-01

    We present an analysis of the Coulomb pairing resonances observed in photo-double-ionization studies of CnHm aromatic molecules with multiple benzene-like rings. It is applied to naphthalene, anthracene, phenanthrene, pyrene and coronene, all of which have six-member rings, and azulene which is comprised of a five-member and a seven-member ring. There is a high energy resonance at ~ 40 eV that is found in all of the molecules cited and is associated with paired electrons localized on carbon sites on the perimeter of the molecule, each of which having two carbon sites as nearest neighbors. The low energy resonance at 10 eV, which is found only in pyrene and coronene, is attributed to the formation of paired electrons localized on arrays of interior carbon atoms that have the point symmetry of the molecule with each carbon atom having three nearest neighbors. The origin of the anomalous increase in the doubly charged to singly charged parent-ion ratio that is found above the 40 eV resonance in all of the cited ...

  8. A Multiple Access Protocol for Multimedia Transmission over Wireless Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Hong

    2012-01-01

    This paper develops and evaluates the performance of an advanced multiple access protocol for transmission of full complement of multimedia signals consisting of various combinations of voice, video, data, text and images over wireless networks. The protocol is called Advanced Multiple Access Protocol for Multimedia Transmission (AMAPMT) and is to be used in the Data Link Layer of the protocol stack. The principle of operation of the protocol is presented in a number of logical flow charts. The protocol grants permission to transmit to a source on the basis of a priority scheme that takes into account a time-to-live (TTL) parameter of all the transactions, selectable priorities assigned to all the sources and relevant channel state information (CSI) in this order. Performance of the protocol is evaluated in terms of quality of service parameters like packet loss ratio (PLR), mean packet transfer delay (MPTD) and throughput. Using a simulation model based on an OPNET simulation software package does the evalua...

  9. Multiplicity of (Mini-)Jets at Small x

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlo Ewerz; Bryan R. Webber

    1999-07-20

    We derive closed expressions for the mean and variance of the (mini-)jet multiplicity distribution in hard scattering processes at low x. Here (mini-)jets are defined as those due to initial-state radiation of gluons with transverse momenta greater than some resolution scale m_R, where Lambda^2 << m_R^2 << Q^2, Lambda being the intrinsic QCD scale and Q the momentum transfer scale of the hard scattering. Our results are valid to leading order in log(1/x) but include all sub-leading logarithms of Q^2/m_R^2. As an illustration, we predict the mini-jet multiplicity in Higgs boson production at the Large Hadron Collider.

  10. Multiple Nash-equilibrium in Quantum Game

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Georgy Parfionov

    2008-06-06

    Methods of exploring Nash equilibrium in quantum games are studied. Analytical conditions of the existence, the uniqueness or the multiplicity of the equilibria are found.

  11. Multiscale Mathematics For Plasma Kinetics Spanning Multiple...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Technical Report: Multiscale Mathematics For Plasma Kinetics Spanning Multiple Collisionality Regimes Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Multiscale Mathematics For Plasma...

  12. ORISE: Multiple research appointments available through Agricultural...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Multiple research appointments available through Agricultural Research Service Postdoctoral Research Program Selected candidates participate in USDA research for one to four years...

  13. Automatic Routing Using Multiple Prefix Labels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia-Luna-Aceves, J.J.; Ghosh, R.

    2012-01-01

    Automatic Routing Using Multiple Prefix Labels Rumi GhoshWe present Multi-label Automatic Routing (MAR), the firstthe routing is automatic based on the positional labels of

  14. Multiplicity of detonation regimes in systems with a multi-peaked thermicity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lau-Chapdelaine, S SM; Zhang, F; Radulescu, M I

    2015-01-01

    The study investigates detonations with multiple quasi-steady velocities that have been observed in the past in systems with multi-peaked thermicity, using Fickett's detonation analogue. A steady state analysis of the travelling wave predicts multiple states, however, all but the one with the highest velocity develop a singularity after the sonic point. Simulations show singularities are associated with a shock wave which overtakes all sonic points, establishing a detonation travelling the highest of the predicted velocities. Under a certain parameter range, the steady-state detonation can have multiple sonic points and solutions. Embedded shocks can exist behind sonic points, where they link the weak and strong solutions. Sonic points whose characteristics do not diverge are found to be unstable, and to be the source of the embedded shocks. Numerical simulations show that these shocks are only quasi stable. This is believed to be due to the reaction rates having been chosen to be independent of hydrodynamics...

  15. TMD-MPI: AN MPI IMPLEMENTATION FOR MULTIPLE PROCESSORS ACROSS MULTIPLE FPGAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chow, Paul

    TMD-MPI: AN MPI IMPLEMENTATION FOR MULTIPLE PROCESSORS ACROSS MULTIPLE FPGAS Manuel Salda~na the CMC/SOCRN, Xilinx for hardware and tools, and CONACYT in Mexico provided funding to Manuel Salda~na

  16. Code design for multiple-input multiple-output broadcast channels 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uppal, Momin Ayub

    2009-06-02

    Recent information theoretical results indicate that dirty-paper coding (DPC) achieves the entire capacity region of the Gaussian multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) broadcast channel (BC). This thesis presents practical ...

  17. 36-220 Lab #11 Multiple Regression

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spirtes, Peter

    36-220 Lab #11 Multiple Regression Please write your name below, tear off this front page and give;36-220 Lab #11 Multiple Regression First let's download the dataset we will need for the lab. Download gas Simple Regression Analysis 1. Fit the least squares regression line to describe the relationship between

  18. Persistent Surveillance Using Multiple Unmanned Air Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    require long endurance and unmanned aerial vehicles are a natural choice for the sensing platforms1 Persistent Surveillance Using Multiple Unmanned Air Vehicles Nikhil Nigam and Ilan Kroo. These are tested in a multiple unmanned air vehicle (UAV) simulation environment, developed for this program

  19. Multiple Criteria Decision Support by Evolutionary Computation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zitzler, Eckart

    1 Multiple Criteria Decision Support by Evolutionary Computation Marco Laumanns, Eckart Zitzler difficult or impossible. In addition, they can handle multiple criteria simultaneously, being able to gener of these variables form the set of decision alternatives. The criteria to judge each decision relate to the output

  20. Multiple personality, a case study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Musick, William Daniel Anderson

    1976-01-01

    abused hei by pla. ing variuus objec'. s ', tools) in her vagina; and, (3) Six Incidents of incest between her and her father which occurred preceding and c'. ir in&3 the t:me she was in and oat of the hospi!nl, pi-ior to adrnissiori to the Community... &would also stick objects into her vagina. Following rhese alle&ged jdents& he soir& her &nnthe, v!ou&d teil her hcw eood it felt and nor In telI anyone about it. She did not. Cene also stated that the sui&ject's father h&d cori ir, itted incest s...

  1. An evaluation of known remaining oil resources in the United States: Project on advanced oil recovery and the states. Volume 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-10-01

    The Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission (IOGCC) has conducted a series of studies to evaluate the known, remaining oil resource in twenty-three (23) states. The primary objective of the IOGCC`s effort is to examine the potential impact of an aggressive and focused program of research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) and technology transfer on future oil recovery in the United States. As part of a larger effort by the IOGCC, this report focuses on the potential economic, social, and political benefits of improved oil recovery to the nation as a whole. Individual reports for major oil producing states have been separately published. The individual state reports include California, Illinois, Kansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas, and Wyoming. The analysis presented in this report is based on the databases and models available in the Tertiary Oil Recovery Information System (TORIS). TORIS is a tested and verified system maintained and operated by the Department of Energy`s Bartlesville Project Office. The TORTS system was used to evaluate over 2,300 major reservoirs in a consistent manner and on an individual basis, the results of which have been aggregated to arrive at the national total.

  2. Multiprocessor system with multiple concurrent modes of execution

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ahn, Daniel; Ceze, Luis H; Chen, Dong; Gara, Alan; Heidelberger, Philip; Ohmacht, Martin

    2013-12-31

    A multiprocessor system supports multiple concurrent modes of speculative execution. Speculation identification numbers (IDs) are allocated to speculative threads from a pool of available numbers. The pool is divided into domains, with each domain being assigned to a mode of speculation. Modes of speculation include TM, TLS, and rollback. Allocation of the IDs is carried out with respect to a central state table and using hardware pointers. The IDs are used for writing different versions of speculative results in different ways of a set in a cache memory.

  3. Photonic-assisted microwave frequency multiplication with a tunable multiplication factor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Jianping

    Photonic-assisted microwave frequency multiplication with a tunable multiplication factor Liang Gao,1,2 Weilin Liu,1 Xiangfei Chen,2 and Jianping Yao1, * 1 Microwave Photonics Research Laboratory); published October 31, 2013 Photonic-assisted microwave frequency multiplication with a tunable

  4. Multiple-Source and Multiple-Destination Charge Migration in Hybrid Electrical Energy Storage Systems*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedram, Massoud

    Multiple-Source and Multiple-Destination Charge Migration in Hybrid Electrical Energy Storage massimo.poncino@polito.it Abstract-- Hybrid electrical energy storage (HEES) systems consist of multiple banks of heterogeneous electrical energy storage (EES) elements that are connected to each other through

  5. Validation of Updated State Wind Resource Maps for the United States: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schwartz, M.; Elliott, D.

    2004-07-01

    The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has coordinated the validation of updated state wind resource maps for multiple regions of the United States. The purpose of the validation effort is to produce the best map possible within fairly stringent time constraints.

  6. Neutron multiplication error in TRU waste measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Veilleux, John [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Stanfield, Sean B [CCP; Wachter, Joe [CCP; Ceo, Bob [CCP

    2009-01-01

    Total Measurement Uncertainty (TMU) in neutron assays of transuranic waste (TRU) are comprised of several components including counting statistics, matrix and source distribution, calibration inaccuracy, background effects, and neutron multiplication error. While a minor component for low plutonium masses, neutron multiplication error is often the major contributor to the TMU for items containing more than 140 g of weapons grade plutonium. Neutron multiplication arises when neutrons from spontaneous fission and other nuclear events induce fissions in other fissile isotopes in the waste, thereby multiplying the overall coincidence neutron response in passive neutron measurements. Since passive neutron counters cannot differentiate between spontaneous and induced fission neutrons, multiplication can lead to positive bias in the measurements. Although neutron multiplication can only result in a positive bias, it has, for the purpose of mathematical simplicity, generally been treated as an error that can lead to either a positive or negative result in the TMU. While the factors that contribute to neutron multiplication include the total mass of fissile nuclides, the presence of moderating material in the matrix, the concentration and geometry of the fissile sources, and other factors; measurement uncertainty is generally determined as a function of the fissile mass in most TMU software calculations because this is the only quantity determined by the passive neutron measurement. Neutron multiplication error has a particularly pernicious consequence for TRU waste analysis because the measured Fissile Gram Equivalent (FGE) plus twice the TMU error must be less than 200 for TRU waste packaged in 55-gal drums and less than 325 for boxed waste. For this reason, large errors due to neutron multiplication can lead to increased rejections of TRU waste containers. This report will attempt to better define the error term due to neutron multiplication and arrive at values that are more realistic and accurate. To do so, measurements of standards and waste drums were performed with High Efficiency Neutron Counters (HENC) located at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The data were analyzed for multiplication effects and new estimates of the multiplication error were computed. A concluding section will present alternatives for reducing the number of rejections of TRU waste containers due to neutron multiplication error.

  7. Carrier multiplication detected through transient photocurrent in device-grade films of lead selenide quantum dots

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Gao, Jianbo; Fidler, Andrew F.; Klimov, Victor I.

    2015-09-08

    In carrier multiplication, the absorption of a single photon results in two or more electron–hole pairs. Quantum dots are promising materials for implementing carrier multiplication principles in real-life technologies. So far, however, most of research in this area has focused on optical studies of solution samples with yet to be proven relevance to practical devices. We report ultra-fast electro-optical studies of device-grade films of electronically coupled quantum dots that allow us to observe multiplication directly in the photocurrent. Our studies help rationalize previous results from both optical spectroscopy and steady-state photocurrent measurements and also provide new insights into effects ofmore »electric field and ligand treatments on multiexciton yields. Importantly, we demonstrate that using appropriate chemical treatments of the films, extra charges produced by carrier multiplication can be extracted from the quantum dots before they are lost to Auger recombination and hence can contribute to photocurrent of practical devices.« less

  8. An evaluation of known remaining oil resources in the state of New Mexico: Project on advanced oil recovery and the states. Volume 6

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1993-11-01

    The Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission (IOGCC) has conducted a series of studies to evaluate the known, remaining oil resource in twenty-three (23) states. The primary objective of die IOGCC`s effort is to examine the potential impact of an aggressive and focused program of research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) and technology transfer on future oil recovery in the United States. As part of a larger effort by the IOGCC, this report focuses on the potential economic benefits of improved oil recovery in the state of New Mexico. Individual reports for seven other oil producing states and a national report have been separately published by the IOGCC. Several major technical insights for state and Federal policymakers and regulators can be reached from this analysis. Overall, well abandonments and more stringent environmental regulations could limit economic access to New Mexico`s known, remaining oil resource. The high risk of near-term abandonment and the significant benefits of future application of improved oil recovery technoloy, clearly point to a need for more aggressive transfer of currently available technologies to domestic oil producers. Development and application of advanced oil recovery technologies could leave even greater benefits to the nation. A collaborative, focused RD&D effort, integrating the resources and expertise of industry, state and local governments, and the Federal government, is clearly warranted. With effective RD&D and a program of aggressive technology transfer to widely disseminate its results, New Mexico oil production could be maximized. The resulting increase and improvement in production rates, employment, operator profits, state and Federal tax revenues, energy security will benefit both the state of New Mexico and the nation as a whole.

  9. An evaluation of known remaining oil resources in the state of Oklahoma: Project on advanced oil recovery and the states. Volume 7

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1993-11-01

    The Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission (IOGCC) has conducted a series of studies to evaluate the known, remaining oil resource in twenty-three (23) states. The primary objective of die IOGCC`s effort is to examine the potential impact of an aggressive and focused program of research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) and technology transfer on future oil recovery in the United States. As part of a larger effort by the IOGCC, this report focuses on the potential economic benefits of improved oil recovery in the state of Oklahoma. Individual reports for seven other oil producing states and a national report have been separately published by the IOGCC. Several major technical insights for state and Federal policymakers and regulators can be reached from this analysis. Overall, well abandonments and more stringent environmental regulations could limit economic access to Oklahoma`s known, remaining oil resource. The high risk of near-term abandonment and the significant benefits of future application of improved oil recovery technoloy, clearly point to a need for more aggressive transfer of currently available technologies to domestic oil producers. Development and application of advanced oil recovery technologies could leave even greater benefits to the nation. A collaborative, focused RD&D effort, integrating the resources and expertise of industry, state and local governments, and the Federal government, is clearly warranted. With effective RD&D and a program of aggressive technology transfer to widely disseminate its results, Oklahoma oil production could be maximized. The resulting increase and improvement in production rates, employment, operator profits, state and Federal tax revenues, energy security will benefit both the state of Oklahoma and the nation as a whole.

  10. An evaluation of known remaining oil resources in the state of Kansas: Project on advanced oil recovery and the states. Volume 4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1993-11-01

    The Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission (IOGCC) has conducted a series of studies to evaluate the known, remaining oil resource in twenty-three (23) states. The primary objective of die IOGCC`s effort is to examine the potential impact of an aggressive and focused program of research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) and technology transfer on future oil recovery in the United States. As part of a larger effort by the IOGCC, this report focuses on the potential economic benefits of improved oil recovery in the state of Kansas. Individual reports for seven other oil producing states and a national report have been separately published by the IOGCC. Several major technical insights for state and Federal policymakers and regulators can be reached from this analysis. Overall, well abandonments and more stringent environmental regulations could limit economic access to the nation`s known, remaining oil resource. The high risk of near-term abandonment and the significant benefits of future application of improved oil recovery technoloy, clearly point to a need for more aggressive transfer of currently available technologies to domestic oil producers. Development and application of advanced oil recovery technologies could leave even greater benefits to the nation. A collaborative, focused RD&D effort, integrating the resources and expertise of industry, state and local governments, and the Federal government, is clearly warranted. With effective RD&D and a program of aggressive technology transfer to widely disseminate its results, Kansas oil production could be maximized. The resulting increase in production rates, employment, operator profits, state and Federal tax revenues, energy security will benefit the state of Kansas and the nation as a whole.

  11. An evaluation of known remaining oil resources in the state of New Mexico and Wyoming. Volume 4, Project on Advanced Oil Recovery and the States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-11-01

    The Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission (IOGCC) has conducted a series of studies to evaluate the known, remaining oil resource in twenty-three (23) states. The primary objective of the IOGCC`s effort is to examine the potential impact of an aggressive and focused program of research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) and technology transfer on future oil recovery in the United States. As part of a larger effort by the IOGCC, this report focuses on the potential economic benefits of improved oil recovery in the states of New Mexico and Wyoming. Individual reports for six other oil producing states and a national report have been separately published by the IOGCC. The analysis presented in this report is based on the databases and models available in the Tertiary Oil Recovery Information System (TORIS). Overall, well abandonments and more stringent environmental regulations could limit economic access to New Mexico`s known, remaining oil resource. The high risk of near-term abandonment and the significant benefits of future application of improved oil recovery technology, clearly point to a need for more aggressive transfer of currently available technologies to domestic oil producers. Development and application of advanced oil recovery technologies could have even greater benefits to the state and the nation. A collaborative, focused RD&D effort, integrating the resources and expertise of industry, state and local governments, and the Federal government, is clearly warranted. With effective RD&D and a program of aggressive technology transfer to widely disseminate its results, oil production could be maximized. The resulting increase in production rates, employment, operator profits, state and Federal tax revenues, and energy security will benefit both the states of New Mexico and Wyoming and the nation as a whole.

  12. An evaluation of known remaining oil resources in the state of Kansas and Oklahoma. Volume 5, Project on Advanced Oil Recovery and the States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-11-01

    The Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission (IOGCC) has conducted a series of studies to evaluate the known, remaining oil resource in twenty-three (23) states. The primary objective of the IOGCC`s effort is to examine the potential impact of an aggressive and focused program of research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) and technology transfer on future oil recovery in the United States. As part of a larger effort by the IOGCC, this report focuses on the potential economic benefits of improved oil recovery in the states of Kansas, Illinois and Oklahoma for five other oil producing states and a national report have been separately published by the IOGCC. The analysis presented in this report is based on the databases and models available in the Tertiary Oil Recovery Information System (TORIS). Overall, well abandonments and more stringent environmental regulations could limit economic access to Kansas` known, remaining oil resource. The high risk of near-term abandonment and the significant benefits of future application of improved oil recovery technology, clearly point to a need for more aggressive transfer of currently available technologies to domestic oil producers. Development and application of advanced oil recovery technologies could have even greater benefits to the state and the nation. A collaborative, focused RD&D effort, integrating the resources and expertise of industry, state and local governments, and the Federal government, is clearly warranted. With effective RD&D and a program of aggressive technology transfer to widely disseminate its results, oil production could be maximized. The resulting increase in production rates, employment, operator profits, state and Federal tax revenues, and energy security will benefit both the state of Kansas, Illinois and Oklahoma and the nation as a whole.

  13. An improved model for multiple effect distillation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mistry, Karan H.

    Increasing global demand for fresh water is driving research and development of advanced desalination technologies. As a result, a detailed model of multiple effect distillation (MED) is developed that is flexible, simple ...

  14. V-059: MoinMoin Multiple Vulnerabilities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Multiple vulnerabilities have been reported in MoinMoin, which can be exploited by malicious users to conduct script insertion attacks and compromise a vulnerable system and by malicious people to manipulate certain data.

  15. Fair resource allocation in multiple access channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ParandehGheibi, Ali

    2008-01-01

    We consider the problem of resource allocation in a multiple access channel. Our objective is to obtain rate and power allocation policies that maximize a general concave utility function of average transmission rates over ...

  16. U-104: Adobe Flash Player Multiple Vulnerabilities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Multiple vulnerabilities have been reported in Adobe Flash Player, which can be exploited by malicious people to conduct cross-site scripting attacks, bypass certain security restrictions, and compromise a user's system.

  17. Software Productivity Measurement Using Multiple Size Measures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bae, Doo-Hwan

    Software Productivity Measurement Using Multiple Size Measures Software Productivity MeasurementContents Introduction Background Related work Motivation Productivity measurement - Measurement model - Productivity measure construction - Productivity analysis Conclusion Discussion #12;Software Engineering Lab, KAIST 3

  18. Exploring large coherent spin systems with solid state NMR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cho, HyungJoon, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2005-01-01

    Solid state Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) allows us to explore a large coherent spin system and provides an ideal test-bed for studying strongly interacting multiple-spin system in a large Hilbert space. In this thesis, ...

  19. Algorithms for Multiple Vehicle Routing Problems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bae, Jung Yun

    2014-06-02

    require a collection of heterogeneous vehicles to visit a set of targets. This dissertation considers three fundamental rout- ing problems involving multiple vehicles that arise in these applications. The main objective of this dissertation is to develop... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2.1.2 Approximation algorithm for MDMTHPP . . . . . . . . . . . 8 2.1.3 Optimal constrained forest as a two matroid intersection problem 11 2.2 Single depot multiple terminal Hamiltonian path problems . . . . . . 14 2.2.1 Problem statement...

  20. Quantum state fusion in photons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiara Vitelli; Nicolò Spagnolo; Lorenzo Aparo; Fabio Sciarrino; Enrico Santamato; Lorenzo Marrucci

    2012-09-17

    Photons are the ideal carriers of quantum information for communication. Each photon can have a single qubit or even multiple qubits encoded in its internal quantum state, as defined by optical degrees of freedom such as polarization, wavelength, transverse modes, etc. Here, we propose and experimentally demonstrate a physical process, named "quantum state fusion", in which the two-dimensional quantum states (qubits) of two input photons are combined into a single output photon, within a four-dimensional quantum space. The inverse process is also proposed, in which the four-dimensional quantum state of a single photon is split into two photons, each carrying a qubit. Both processes can be iterated, and hence may be used to bridge multi-particle protocols of quantum information with the multi-degree-of-freedom ones, with possible applications in quantum communication networks.

  1. SUPERVISED AND UNSUPERVISED MRF BASED 3D SCENE CLASSIFICATION IN MULTIPLE VIEW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SUPERVISED AND UNSUPERVISED MRF BASED 3D SCENE CLASSIFICATION IN MULTIPLE VIEW AIRBORNE OBLIQUE Classification in 3D object space Basic idea Supervised approach Unsupervised approah Experiments: data and results Discussion CONTENTS #12; State-of-the-Art digital camera hardware and processing stimuate

  2. Sex Differences in Mercury Contamination of Birds: Testing Multiple Hypotheses with Meta-Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lajeunesse, Marc J.

    size dimorphism did not explain variation in sex differences in mercury burden among breeding birds. WeSex Differences in Mercury Contamination of Birds: Testing Multiple Hypotheses with Meta-5200, United States *S Supporting Information ABSTRACT: The sex of a bird can, in principle, affect exposure

  3. Some Dynamic Graphics for Spatial Data with Multiple Attributes in a GIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Symanzik, Jürgen

    Some Dynamic Graphics for Spatial Data with Multiple Attributes in a GIS Dianne Cook1, Noel Cressie, USA 2 GIS Support and Research Facility, Iowa State University dicook@iastate.edu Abstract. This paper with the spatial data base management and spatial functionalities of a Geographic Information System GIS. A GIS

  4. Some Dynamic Graphics for Spatial Data (with Multiple Attributes) in a GIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Symanzik, Jürgen

    Some Dynamic Graphics for Spatial Data (with Multiple Attributes) in a GIS Dianne Cook 1 , Noel, IA 50011, USA 2 GIS Support and Research Facility, Iowa State University dicook@iastate.edu Abstract of a Geographic Information System (GIS). A GIS is a computer hardware and software system designed to carry out

  5. NONLINEAR FUSION OF MULTIPLE SENSORS WITH MISSING DATA Alon Shalev Housfater, Xiao-Ping Zhang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Xiao-Ping

    NONLINEAR FUSION OF MULTIPLE SENSORS WITH MISSING DATA Alon Shalev Housfater, Xiao-Ping Zhang imputation particle filter, to solve the problem of data fusion with missing data in nonlinear state space signal processing applications [3], one important example is data fusion; most realizations of sensor

  6. Chapter 4. Multiple Choice Concept Tests: The Force Concept Inventory (FCI)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maryland at College Park, University of

    102 Chapter 4. Multiple Choice Concept Tests: The Force Concept Inventory (FCI) I. CHAPTER OVERVIEW In the early 1980s, McDermott,1 Viennot,2 and other physics education researchers3, 4 found that each student concepts in mechanics. At the same time Hestenes and Halloun5 at Arizona State University began developing

  7. Numerical Simulation and Multiple Realizations for Sensitivity Study of Shale Gas Reservoir

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    SPE 141058 Numerical Simulation and Multiple Realizations for Sensitivity Study of Shale Gas. The abstract must contain conspicuous acknowledgment of SPE copyright. Abstract Shale gas in the United States the largest conventional gas accumulations in the world. Shale gas success is directly the result

  8. Genetic associations with brain cortical thickness in multiple sclerosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    relapse onset of multiple sclerosis. Brain 131, 808–817.Weinshenker, B.G. (2000) Multiple sclerosis. N Engl J Medcorrelations in multiple sclerosis: HLA genes in?uence

  9. Exploring Two Phases of Design-by-Analogy "Multiple Solutions" and "Multiple Analogies" 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gadwal, Apeksha

    2010-10-12

    the wire only. ? The kitchen utensil must be capable of containing the powdered substance and carrying the powdered substance 1 meter without losing the powdered substance. Create as many solutions as possible based on the analogy. Fig. 11... for a Gecko?s Foot example. As the structural consistency requirement and one-to?one constraint restrict the use of analogies to draw multiple solutions, this leads to the first research question: Can engineers draw multiple solutions (multiple...

  10. Tracking the Sun VI: An Historical Summary of the Installed Price of Photovoltaics in the United States from 1998 to 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbose, Galen

    2014-01-01

    Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/CP-NY: Interstate Renewable Energy Council, Inc. Meymandi, J.Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Goodrich,

  11. Wireless Relay Communication System for Multiple Small Robots

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baumgartner, Jeremy Gordon

    2015-01-01

    Wireless Relay Communication System for Multiple SmallCRUZ WIRELESS RELAY COMMUNICATION SYSTEM FOR MULTIPLE SMALLa wire- less relay communication system is developed to test

  12. V-145: IBM Tivoli Federated Identity Manager Products Java Multiple...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    5: IBM Tivoli Federated Identity Manager Products Java Multiple Vulnerabilities V-145: IBM Tivoli Federated Identity Manager Products Java Multiple Vulnerabilities April 30, 2013 -...

  13. V-205: IBM Tivoli System Automation for Multiplatforms Java Multiple...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    5: IBM Tivoli System Automation for Multiplatforms Java Multiple Vulnerabilities V-205: IBM Tivoli System Automation for Multiplatforms Java Multiple Vulnerabilities July 29, 2013...

  14. V-161: IBM Maximo Asset Management Products Java Multiple Vulnerabilit...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1: IBM Maximo Asset Management Products Java Multiple Vulnerabilities V-161: IBM Maximo Asset Management Products Java Multiple Vulnerabilities May 22, 2013 - 12:46am Addthis...

  15. AltaRock Energy Announces Successful Multiple-Zone Stimulation...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    created multiple stimulated zones from a single wellbore at the Newberry Enhanced Geothermal System (EGS) Demonstration site. Creating multiple stimulated zones from a single...

  16. Permeation of Multiple Isotopes in the Transition Between Surface...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Permeation of Multiple Isotopes in the Transition Between Surface- and Diffusion-Limited Regimes Permeation of Multiple Isotopes in the Transition Between Surface- and...

  17. ALS Capabilities Reveal Multiple Functions of Ebola Virus

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    between multiple distinct structures provides multiple opportunities for antiviral drug design. Drugs that inhibit the ring, the dimer, or the hexameric filament structure, or...

  18. Multiple-time correlation functions for non-Markovian interaction: Beyond the Quantum Regression Theorem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniel Alonso; Inés de Vega

    2004-09-16

    Multiple time correlation functions are found in the dynamical description of different phenomena. They encode and describe the fluctuations of the dynamical variables of a system. In this paper we formulate a theory of non-Markovian multiple-time correlation functions (MTCF) for a wide class of systems. We derive the dynamical equation of the {\\it reduced propagator}, an object that evolve state vectors of the system conditioned to the dynamics of its environment, which is not necessarily at the vacuum state at the initial time. Such reduced propagator is the essential piece to obtain multiple-time correlation functions. An average over the different environmental histories of the reduced propagator permits us to obtain the evolution equations of the multiple-time correlation functions. We also study the evolution of MTCF within the weak coupling limit and it is shown that the multiple-time correlation function of some observables satisfy the Quantum Regression Theorem (QRT), whereas other correlations do not. We set the conditions under which the correlations satisfy the QRT. We illustrate the theory in two different cases; first, solving an exact model for which the MTCF are explicitly given, and second, presenting the results of a numerical integration for a system coupled with a dissipative environment through a non-diagonal interaction.

  19. Become One In A Million: Partnership Updates. Million Solar Roofs and Interstate Renewable Energy Council Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C., October 2005

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tombari, C.

    2005-09-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy's Million Solar Roofs Initiative (MSR) is a unique public-private partnership aimed at overcoming market barriers for photovoltaics (PV), solar water heating, transpired solar collectors, solar space heating and cooling, and pool heating. This report contains annual progress reports from 866 partners across the United States.

  20. Multislice brain myelin water fractions at 3T in multiple sclerosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oh, Joonmi; Han, Eric T.; Lee, Michael C.; Nelson, Sarah J.; Pelletier, Daniel

    2007-01-01

    diagnostic criteria for multiple sclerosis: guidelines forimpairment in multiple sclerosis: an expanded disabilityimpairment in multiple sclerosis: an expanded disability

  1. Hybrid Pulsators -- Pulsating Stars with Multiple Identities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, A -Y

    2015-01-01

    We have carried out a statistic survey on the pulsating variable stars with multiple identities. These stars were identified to exhibit two types of pulsation or multiple light variability types in the literature, and are usually called hybrid pulsators. We extracted the hybrid information based on the Simbad database. Actually, all the variables with multiple identities are retrieved. The survey covers various pulsating stars across the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram. We aim at giving a clue in selecting interesting targets for further observation. Hybrid pulsators are excellent targets for asteroseismology. An important implication of such stars is their potential in advancing the theories of both stellar evolution and pulsation. By presenting the statistics, we address the open questions and prospects regarding current status of hybrid pulsation studies.

  2. Enhancing video transmission in MANETs utilizing multiple interfaces and multiple channels per node

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bouras, Christos

    . Simulation results indicate that the mechanism improves the networks capacity for video transmissionEnhancing video transmission in MANETs utilizing multiple interfaces and multiple channels per node}@cti.gr, gkamas@aeavellas.gr {politaki, tsanai}@ceid.upatras.gr Abstract. Mobile Ad hoc NETworks (MANETs

  3. Optimization for Fractional Cooperation in Multiple-Source Multiple-Relay Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adve, Raviraj

    . Chu Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of Toronto Toronto, Ontario, Canada Email Toronto, Ontario, Canada Email: aeckford@yorku.ca Raviraj S. Adve Dept. of Electrical and ComputerOptimization for Fractional Cooperation in Multiple-Source Multiple-Relay Systems Josephine P. K

  4. Net-X: System eXtensions for Supporting Multiple Channels, Multiple Interfaces,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vaidya, Nitin

    Net-X: System eXtensions for Supporting Multiple Channels, Multiple Interfaces, and Other Interface-- There are several interface capabilities that may be available in next generation wireless networks. Some examples of interface capabilities include the ability to set the channel of operation and data rate on a frequent basis

  5. Beyond Adapting to Climate Change: Embedding Adaptation in Responses to Multiple Threats and Stresses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilbanks, Thomas J; Kates, Dr. Robert W.

    2010-01-01

    Climate change impacts are already being experienced in every region of the United States and every part of the world most severely in Arctic regions and adaptation is needed now. Although climate change adaptation research is still in its infancy, significant adaptation planning in the United States has already begun in a number of localities. This article seeks to broaden the adaptation effort by integrating it with broader frameworks of hazards research, sustainability science, and community and regional resilience. To extend the range of experience, we draw from ongoing case studies in the Southeastern United States and the environmental history of New Orleans to consider the multiple threats and stresses that all communities and regions experience. Embedding climate adaptation in responses to multiple threats and stresses helps us to understand climate change impacts, themselves often products of multiple stresses, to achieve community acceptance of needed adaptations as co-benefits of addressing multiple threats, and to mainstream the process of climate adaptation through the larger envelope of social relationships, communication channels, and broad-based awareness of needs for risk management that accompany community resilience.

  6. Charged-particle multiplicity at LHC energies

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06

    The talk presents the measurement of the pseudorapidity density and the multiplicity distribution with ALICE at the achieved LHC energies of 0.9 and 2.36 TeV.An overview about multiplicity measurements prior to LHC is given and the related theoretical concepts are briefly discussed.The analysis procedure is presented and the systematic uncertainties are detailed. The applied acceptance corrections and the treatment of diffraction are discussed.The results are compared with model predictions. The validity of KNO scaling in restricted phase space regions is revisited. 

  7. Quantum internet using code division multiple access

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jing Zhang; Yu-xi Liu; Sahin Kaya Ozdemir; Re-Bing Wu; Feifei Gao; Xiang-Bin Wang; Lan Yang; Franco Nori

    2013-09-12

    A crucial open problem in large-scale quantum networks is how to efficiently transmit quantum data among many pairs of users via a common data-transmission medium. We propose a solution by developing a quantum code division multiple access (q-CDMA) approach in which quantum information is chaotically encoded to spread its spectral content, and then decoded via chaos synchronization to separate different sender-receiver pairs. In comparison to other existing approaches, such as frequency division multiple access (FDMA), the proposed q-CDMA can greatly increase the information rates per channel used, especially for very noisy quantum channels.

  8. An evaluation of known remaining oil resources in the United States: Project on advanced oil recovery and the states. Volume 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1993-11-01

    The Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission (IOGCC) has conducted a series of studies to evaluate the known, remaining oil resource in twenty-three (23) states. The primary objective of die IOGCC`s effort is to examine the potential impact of an aggressive and focused program of research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) and technology transfer on future oil recovery in the United States. As part of a larger effort by the IOGCC, this report focuses on the potential economic, social, and political benefits of improved oil recovery to the nation as a whole. Individual reports for major oil producing states have been separately published. The individual state reports include California, Illinois, Kansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas, and Wyoming. Overall, well abandonments and more stringent environmental regulations could limit economic access to the nation`s known, remaining oil resource. The high risk of near-term abandonment and the significant benefits of future application of improved oil recovery technoloy, clearly point to a need for more aggressive transfer of currently available technologies to domestic oil producers. Development and application of advanced oil recovery technologies could leave even greater benefits to the nation. A collaborative, focused RD&D effort, integrating the resources and expertise of industry, state and local governments, and the Federal government, is clearly warranted. With effective RD&D and a program of aggressive technology transfer to widely disseminate its results, domestic oil production could be maximized. The resulting increase and improvement in production rates, employment, operator profits, state and Federal tax revenues, energy security will benefit the nation as a whole.

  9. Donor impurity states and related terahertz range nonlinear optical response in GaN cylindrical quantum wires: Effects of external electric and magnetic fields

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Correa, J. D.; Mora-Ramos, M. E.; Duque, C. A.

    2014-06-07

    We report a study on the optical absorption coefficient associated to hydrogenic impurity interstate transitions in zinc-blende GaN quantum wires of cylindrical shape taking into account the effects of externally applied static electric and magnetic fields. The electron states emerge within the effective mass approximation, via the exact diagonalization of the donor-impurity Hamiltonian with parabolic confinement and external field effects. The nonlinear optical absorption is calculated using a recently derived expression for the dielectric susceptibility, obtained via a nonperturbative solution of the density-matrix Bloch equation. Our results show that this treatment eliminates not only the intensity-dependent bleaching effect but also the change in sign of the nonlinear contribution due to the combined effect of asymmetric impurity location and the applied electric field.

  10. RESEARCH Open Access Impaired multiple object tracking in children with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen, Danh

    demands related to monitoring multiple targets reflecting a reduced acuity in spatiotemporal cognitive

  11. Development of a 50 MW Multiple Beam Klystron

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ives, R Lawrence; Ferguson, Patrick; Read, Michael; Collins, George

    2007-10-31

    The goal of this program was to develop a 50 MW, multiple beam klystron at 11.424 GHz. The device uses eight electron guns and beam lines to achieve the required power level at a beam voltage of 190 kV, consistent with solid state power supplies. The electron gun operates with confined flow focusing, which is unique among current multiple beam sources, and allows operation at power levels consistent with producing 10s of MWs of pulsed RF power. The circuit consists of a ring resonator input cavity, eight sets of buncher cavities, and a ring resonator output cavity. The RF output power is coupled into four rectangular waveguides equally spaced around the klystron. Eight individual collectors absorb the spent beam power in each beam. The klystron operates in a solenoid. The principle challenges in the design included development of the beam optics using confined flow focusing, shaping of the magnetic field in the gun region to avoid beam spiraling, coupling input power equally to all eight beam lines from a single input, and obtaining the required frequency and Q in the output cavity. The mechanical design was particularly complex due to the large parts count, number of braze and weld joints, and close proximity of the beam lines that limited access. Addressing vacuum leaks and cold testing the complex structures was particularly troublesome. At the conclusion of the program, the klystron is experiencing several vacuum leaks that are under repair. Efforts will continue to seal and test the klystron.

  12. State Overview

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Financing Tool FitsProjectDataSecretaryDepartment7 Annual2InformationState Energy RevolvingState

  13. Classifying and Segmenting Microscopy Images Using Convolutional Multiple Instance Learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oren Z. Kraus; Lei Jimmy Ba; Brendan Frey

    2015-11-17

    Convolutional neural networks (CNN) have achieved state of the art performance on both classification and segmentation tasks. Applying CNNs to microscopy images is challenging due to the lack of datasets labeled at the single cell level. We extend the application of CNNs to microscopy image classification and segmentation using multiple instance learning (MIL). We present the adaptive Noisy-AND MIL pooling function, a new MIL operator that is robust to outliers. Combining CNNs with MIL enables training CNNs using full resolution microscopy images with global labels. We base our approach on the similarity between the aggregation function used in MIL and pooling layers used in CNNs. We show that training MIL CNNs end-to-end outperforms several previous methods on both mammalian and yeast microscopy images without requiring any segmentation steps.

  14. V-083: Oracle Java Multiple Vulnerabilities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A Critical Patch Update is a collection of patches for multiple security vulnerabilities. The Critical Patch Update for Java SE also includes non-security fixes. Critical Patch Updates are cumulative and each advisory describes only the security fixes added since the previous Critical Patch Update and Security Alert.

  15. Semiconductor laser with multiple lasing wavelengths

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fischer, Arthur J.; Choquette, Kent D.; Chow, Weng W.

    2003-07-29

    A new class of multi-terminal vertical-cavity semiconductor laser components has been developed. These multi-terminal laser components can be switched, either electrically or optically, between distinct lasing wavelengths, or can be made to lase simultaneously at multiple wavelengths.

  16. MAIN THEOREM OF COMPLEX MULTIPLICATION BRIAN CONRAD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conrad, Brian

    MAIN THEOREM OF COMPLEX MULTIPLICATION BRIAN CONRAD In [S, Ch. IV, §18] the Main Theorem of complex and abelian varieties. The aim of the Main Theorem is as follows. Let (A, i) be an abelian variety over Q Galois automorphisms. In these notes, we give a complete proof of the Main Theorem of complex

  17. Steady water waves with multiple critical layers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mats Ehrnström; Joachim Escher; Erik Wahlén

    2011-04-01

    We construct small-amplitude periodic water waves with multiple critical layers. In addition to waves with arbitrarily many critical layers and a single crest in each period, two-dimensional sets of waves with several crests and troughs in each period are found. The setting is that of steady two-dimensional finite-depth gravity water waves with vorticity.

  18. ANALYSIS OF MINING EXPLOSION PERFORMANCE WITH MULTIPLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stump, Brian W.

    ANALYSIS OF MINING EXPLOSION PERFORMANCE WITH MULTIPLE SENSOR DATA AND PHYSICAL MODELS Brian W Martin Thunder Basin Coal Company Wright, Wyoming #12;Analysis of Mining Explosion Performance 2 1 to Different Types of Mining Explosions · Single Shot · Cast Blast · Coal Fragmentation #12;Analysis of Mining

  19. MULTIPLE BUYING OR SELLING WITH VECTOR OFFERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferguson, Thomas S.

    MULTIPLE BUYING OR SELLING WITH VECTOR OFFERS F. THOMAS BRUSS , Universit´e Libre de Bruxelles of the house-selling problem to selling k houses. Let the offers, X1, X2, . . ., be independent, identically with recall of past offers and to problems with a discount. KEYWORDS: OPTIMAL STOPPING, HOUSE-SELLING, JOB

  20. SINGLE AND MULTIPLE ANTENNA COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS: PERFORMANCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehlau, David

    ), the Ontario Premier's Research Excellence Award (PREA), the Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringSINGLE AND MULTIPLE ANTENNA COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS: PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS AND JOINT SOURCE-CHANNEL CODING by Firouz Behnamfar A thesis submitted to the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

  1. End-of-life flows of multiple cycle consumer products

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tsiliyannis, C.A.

    2011-11-15

    Explicit expressions for the end-of-life flows (EOL) of single and multiple cycle products (MCPs) are presented, including deterministic and stochastic EOL exit. The expressions are given in terms of the physical parameters (maximum lifetime, T, annual cycling frequency, f, number of cycles, N, and early discard or usage loss). EOL flows are also obtained for hi-tech products, which are rapidly renewed and thus may not attain steady state (e.g. electronic products, passenger cars). A ten-step recursive procedure for obtaining the dynamic EOL flow evolution is proposed. Applications of the EOL expressions and the ten-step procedure are given for electric household appliances, industrial machinery, tyres, vehicles and buildings, both for deterministic and stochastic EOL exit, (normal, Weibull and uniform exit distributions). The effect of the physical parameters and the stochastic characteristics on the EOL flow is investigated in the examples: it is shown that the EOL flow profile is determined primarily by the early discard dynamics; it also depends strongly on longevity and cycling frequency: higher lifetime or early discard/loss imply lower dynamic and steady state EOL flows. The stochastic exit shapes the overall EOL dynamic profile: Under symmetric EOL exit distribution, as the variance of the distribution increases (uniform to normal to deterministic) the initial EOL flow rise becomes steeper but the steady state or maximum EOL flow level is lower. The steepest EOL flow profile, featuring the highest steady state or maximum level, as well, corresponds to skew, earlier shifted EOL exit (e.g. Weibull). Since the EOL flow of returned products consists the sink of the reuse/remanufacturing cycle (sink to recycle) the results may be used in closed loop product lifecycle management operations for scheduling and sizing reverse manufacturing and for planning recycle logistics. Decoupling and quantification of both the full age EOL and of the early discard flows is useful, the latter being the target of enacted legislation aiming at increasing reuse.

  2. STATE of the STATE Survey State of the State SurveyState of the State Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riley, Shawn J.

    8White 8.3 9.8 Black 5.7 12.4 Democrat 2.4 15.4 Republican 12.2 2.8 Detroit 3.9 9.2 Southeast Michigan (excluding Detroit) 9.8 10.8 #12;STATE of the STATE Survey Percent of Michigan Residents Who Rate.3 Black 33.5 12.8 53.7 Democrat 14.6 15.8 69.7 Republican 34.1 22.3 43.6 Detroit 32 4 14 0 53 7Detroit 32

  3. Multiple Scattering Measurements in the MICE Experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carlisle, T.; Cobb, J.; Neuffer, D.; /Fermilab

    2012-05-01

    The international Muon Ionization Cooling Experiment (MICE), under construction at RAL, will test a prototype cooling channel for a future Neutrino Factory or Muon Collider. The cooling channel aims to achieve, using liquid hydrogen absorbers, a 10% reduction in transverse emittance. The change in 4D emittance will be determined with an accuracy of 1% by measuring muons individually. Step IV of MICE will make the first precise emittance-reduction measurements of the experiment. Simulation studies using G4MICE, based on GEANT4, find a significant difference in multiple scattering in low Z materials, compared with the standard expression quoted by the Particle Data Group. Direct measurement of multiple scattering using the scintillating-fibre trackers is found to be possible, but requires the measurement resolution to be unfolded from the data.

  4. Experience with pipelined multiple instruction streams

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jordon, H.F.

    1984-01-01

    Pipelining has been used to implement efficient, high-speed vector computers. It is also an effective method for implementing multiprocessors. The Heterogeneous Element Processor (HEP) built by Denelcor Incorporated is the first commercially available computer system to use pipelining to implement multiple processes. This paper introduces the architecture and programming environment of the HEP and surveys a range of scientific applications programs for which parallel versions have been produced, tested, and analyzed on this computer. In all cases, the ideal of one instruction completion every pipeline step time is closely approached. Speed limitations in the parallel programs are more often a result of the extra code necessary to ensure synchronization than of actual synchronization lockout at execution time. The pipelined multiple instruction stream architecture is shown to cover a wide range of applications with good utilization of the parallel hardware.

  5. Multiple quadrature by Monte Carlo techniques 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Voss, John Dietrich

    1966-01-01

    of a multiple integral ordinarily hopeless to attempt by 1 classical methods. " In this paper the Monte Carlo Method of numerical quadrature is used to integrate some functions that are extremely difficult and tedious to integrate by any other known... and the table of known values can be extended. The method developed here may also be used to evaluate the distribution at any desired values of the parameters . C HAP TER II THEORETICAL CONSIDERATIONS Hammersley has said: "Every Monte Carlo computation...

  6. Lamp method and apparatus using multiple reflections

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    MacLennan, Donald A. (Butler, PA); Turner, Brian (Damascus, MD); Kipling, Kent (Gaithersburg, MD)

    1999-01-01

    A method wherein the light in a sulfur or selenium lamp is reflected through the fill a multiplicity of times to convert ultraviolet radiation to visible. A light emitting device comprised of an electrodeless envelope which bears a light reflecting covering around a first portion which does not crack due to differential thermal expansion and which has a second portion which comprises a light transmissive aperture.

  7. Lamp method and apparatus using multiple reflections

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    MacLennan, D.A.; Turner, B.; Kipling, K.

    1999-05-11

    A method wherein the light in a sulfur or selenium lamp is reflected through the fill a multiplicity of times to convert ultraviolet radiation to visible is disclosed. A light emitting device comprised of an electrodeless envelope which bears a light reflecting covering around a first portion which does not crack due to differential thermal expansion and which has a second portion which comprises a light transmissive aperture. 20 figs.

  8. MCNP6 Fission Multiplicity with FMULT Card

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilcox, Trevor; Fensin, Michael Lorne; Hendricks, John S.; James, Michael R.; McKinney, Gregg W.

    2012-06-18

    With the merger of MCNPX and MCNP5 into MCNP6, MCNP6 now provides all the capabilities of both codes allowing the user to access all the fission multiplicity data sets. Detailed in this paper is: (1) the new FMULT card capabilities for accessing these different data sets; (2) benchmark calculations, as compared to experiment, detailing the results of selecting these separate data sets for thermal neutron induced fission on U-235.

  9. Benchmarking of multiple preequilibrium routines in GNASH

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chadwick, M.B.; Young, P.G.

    1994-08-01

    The authors compare two different models for multiple preequilibrium emission (MPE) in GNASH: the older exciton MPE model; and a new generalized MPE model which is parameter-free. They analyze the proton-induced reactions on zirconium and lead, which were the focus of a recent NEA intermediate-energy code intercomparison, using both the MPE models. They find that the new generalized MPE model better describes the measurements.

  10. ORISE: Multiple research appointments available through Agricultural...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Percentage of Temporary Residents Receiving SE Doctorates in 2006 Who Stayed in the United States 2007 to 2011. Click to enlarge table. Among science and engineering...

  11. MPACT Fast Neutron Multiplicity System Prototype Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D.L. Chichester; S.A. Pozzi; J.L. Dolan; M.T. Kinlaw; S.J. Thompson; A.C. Kaplan; M. Flaska; A. Enqvist; J.T. Johnson; S.M. Watson

    2013-09-01

    This document serves as both an FY2103 End-of-Year and End-of-Project report on efforts that resulted in the design of a prototype fast neutron multiplicity counter leveraged upon the findings of previous project efforts. The prototype design includes 32 liquid scintillator detectors with cubic volumes 7.62 cm in dimension configured into 4 stacked rings of 8 detectors. Detector signal collection for the system is handled with a pair of Struck Innovative Systeme 16-channel digitizers controlled by in-house developed software with built-in multiplicity analysis algorithms. Initial testing and familiarization of the currently obtained prototype components is underway, however full prototype construction is required for further optimization. Monte Carlo models of the prototype system were performed to estimate die-away and efficiency values. Analysis of these models resulted in the development of a software package capable of determining the effects of nearest-neighbor rejection methods for elimination of detector cross talk. A parameter study was performed using previously developed analytical methods for the estimation of assay mass variance for use as a figure-of-merit for system performance. A software package was developed to automate these calculations and ensure accuracy. The results of the parameter study show that the prototype fast neutron multiplicity counter design is very nearly optimized under the restraints of the parameter space.

  12. Multiple-reflection optical gas cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Matthews, Thomas G. (Oak Ridge, TN)

    1983-01-01

    A multiple-reflection optical cell for Raman or fluorescence gas analysis consists of two spherical mirrors positioned transverse to a multiple-pass laser cell in a confronting plane-parallel alignment. The two mirrors are of equal diameter but possess different radii of curvature. The spacing between the mirrors is uniform and less than half of the radius of curvature of either mirror. The mirror of greater curvature possesses a small circular portal in its center which is the effective point source for conventional F1 double lens collection optics of a monochromator-detection system. Gas to be analyzed is flowed into the cell and irradiated by a multiply-reflected composite laser beam centered between the mirrors of the cell. Raman or fluorescence radiation originating from a large volume within the cell is (1) collected via multiple reflections with the cell mirrors, (2) partially collimated and (3) directed through the cell portal in a geometric array compatible with F1 collection optics.

  13. Constant-mesh, multiple-shaft transmission

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rea, J.E.; Mills, D.D.; Sewell, J.S.

    1992-04-21

    This patent describes a multiple-shaft, constant-mesh transmission adapted to establish selectively a reverse torque delivery path and a forward drive torque delivery path and having a torque input means including a torque input shaft, a mainshaft aligned with the input shaft, a countershaft geared to the input shaft in spaced, parallel relationship with respect to the mainshaft, a torque output shaft joined to the mainshaft; multiple mainshaft gear elements journalled on the main airshaft, multiple cluster gear elements carried by the countershaft in meshing engagement with the mainshaft gear elements, one of the cluster gear elements being rotatably journalled on the countershaft; a reverse idle gear, a reverse gear journalled on the countershaft, the reverse idler gear being in constant mesh with the reverse gear and one of the mainshaft gear elements; first clutch means for connecting selectively the reverse gear and the countershaft; second synchronizer clutch means for connecting selectively the one of the mainshaft gear elements to the mainshaft; and third synchronizer clutch means for selectively connecting another of the mainshaft gear elements to the mainshaft; the first clutch means being a double-acting clutch with a first common axially movable clutch element adapted upon movement in one axial direction to drivably connected the reverse gear to the countershaft and adapted upon movement in the opposite axial direction to connect the one cluster gear element to the countershaft.

  14. Radial velocities of southern visual multiple stars

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tokovinin, Andrei; Pribulla, Theodor; Fischer, Debra E-mail: pribulla@ta3.sk

    2015-01-01

    High-resolution spectra of visual multiple stars were taken in 2008–2009 to detect or confirm spectroscopic subsystems and to determine their orbits. Radial velocities of 93 late-type stars belonging to visual multiple systems were measured by numerical cross-correlation. We provide the individual velocities, the width, and the amplitude of the Gaussians that approximate the correlations. The new information on the multiple systems resulting from these data is discussed. We discovered double-lined binaries in HD 41742B, HD 56593C, and HD 122613AB, confirmed several other known subsystems, and constrained the existence of subsystems in some visual binaries where both components turned out to have similar velocities. The orbits of double-lined subsystems with periods of 148 and 13 days are computed for HD 104471 Aa,Ab and HD 210349 Aa,Ab, respectively. We estimate individual magnitudes and masses of the components in these triple systems and update the outer orbit of HD 104471 AB.

  15. Multiple scattering effects on heavy meson production in p+A collisions at backward rapidity

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Kang, Zhong-Bo; Vitev, Ivan; Wang, Enke; Xing, Hongxi; Zhang, Cheng

    2015-01-01

    We study the incoherent multiple scattering effects on heavy meson production in the backward rapidity region of p+A collisions within the generalized high-twist factorization formalism. We calculate explicitly the double scattering contributions to the heavy meson differential cross sections by taking into account both initial-state and final-state interactions, and find that these corrections are positive. We further evaluate the nuclear modification factor for muons that come form the semi-leptonic decays of heavy flavor mesons. Phenomenological applications in d+Au collisions at a center-of-mass energy View the MathML sources=200 GeV at RHIC and in p+Pb collisions at View the MathML sources=5.02 TeVmore »at the LHC are presented. We find that incoherent multiple scattering can describe rather well the observed nuclear enhancement in the intermediate pTpT region for such reactions.« less

  16. Long-run growth rate in a random multiplicative model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pirjol, Dan [Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, 077125 Bucharest (Romania)

    2014-08-01

    We consider the long-run growth rate of the average value of a random multiplicative process x{sub i+1} = a{sub i}x{sub i} where the multipliers a{sub i}=1+?exp(?W{sub i}?1/2 ?²t{sub i}) have Markovian dependence given by the exponential of a standard Brownian motion W{sub i}. The average value (x{sub n}) is given by the grand partition function of a one-dimensional lattice gas with two-body linear attractive interactions placed in a uniform field. We study the Lyapunov exponent ?=lim{sub n??}1/n log(x{sub n}), at fixed ?=1/2 ?²t{sub n}n, and show that it is given by the equation of state of the lattice gas in thermodynamical equilibrium. The Lyapunov exponent has discontinuous partial derivatives along a curve in the (?, ?) plane ending at a critical point (?{sub C}, ?{sub C}) which is related to a phase transition in the equivalent lattice gas. Using the equivalence of the lattice gas with a bosonic system, we obtain the exact solution for the equation of state in the thermodynamical limit n ? ?.

  17. State Overview

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyThe U.S. Department ofEnergy(Department orAn exampleThe StartupagendaitsState million

  18. State Overview

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyThe U.S. Department ofEnergy(Department orAn exampleThe StartupagendaitsState

  19. State Overview

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyThe U.S. Department ofEnergy(Department orAn exampleThe StartupagendaitsState83

  20. State Overview

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyThe U.S. Department ofEnergy(Department orAn exampleThe StartupagendaitsState8333

  1. State Overview

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyThe U.S. Department ofEnergy(Department orAn exampleThe StartupagendaitsState83337

  2. State Overview

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyThe U.S. Department ofEnergy(Department orAn exampleThe StartupagendaitsState8333755

  3. United States

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowing YouNeedof EnergyMeeting - MarchUSPS:1 United States

  4. United States

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowing YouNeedof EnergyMeeting - MarchUSPS:1 United States7

  5. United States

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowing YouNeedof EnergyMeeting - MarchUSPS:1 United States78

  6. Multiple, Simultaneous, Martensitic Transformations: Implications on Transformation Texture Intensities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    kind of martensite to be followed as a function of the steel temperature. The problem is relevantMultiple, Simultaneous, Martensitic Transformations: Implications on Transformation Texture, multiple martensitic transformations. Abstract. A theory is developed for martensite variants that have

  7. Information Processing in Multiple Sclerosis: Accuracy versus Speed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steiger, Katherine Anne

    2007-12-27

    Previous research has suggested that slowed speed of information processing is the primary cognitive impairment that occurs in multiple sclerosis (MS). The proposed study employed multiple cognitive measures to replicate these findings. Individuals...

  8. Introduction Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory disease of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strominger, Jack L.

    Introduction Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory disease of the CNS affecting 0 the frequency of relapses by 30% in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. In the present study

  9. Single-valued periods and multiple zeta values

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Francis Brown

    2013-09-20

    The values at 1 of single-valued multiple polylogarithms span a certain subalgebra of multiple zeta values. In this paper, the properties of this algebra are studied from the point of view of motivic periods.

  10. On the decomposition of motivic multiple zeta values

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Francis Brown

    2011-02-08

    We review motivic aspects of multiple zeta values, and as an application, we give an exact-numerical algorithm to decompose any (motivic) multiple zeta value of given weight into a chosen basis up to that weight.

  11. Genetic associations with brain cortical thickness in multiple sclerosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    onset of multiple sclerosis. Brain 131, 808–817. Georgala,in multiple sclerosis. Brain 126, Shannon, P. , Markiel,Genes, Brain and Behavior (2015) 14: 217–227 doi:

  12. Modeling Lithium Movement over Multiple Cycles in a Lithium-Metal Battery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferrese, A; Newman, J

    2014-04-11

    This paper builds on the work by Ferrese et al. [J. Electrochem., 159, A1615 (2012)], where a model of a lithium-metal battery with a LiyCoO2 positive electrode was created in order to predict the movement of lithium in the negative electrode along the negative electrode/separator interface during cell cycling. In this paper, the model is expanded to study the movement of lithium along the lithium-metal anode over multiple cycles. From this model, it is found that when a low percentage of lithium at the negative electrode is utilized, the movement of lithium along the negative electrode/separator interface reaches a quasi steady state after multiple cycles. This steady state is affected by the slope of the open-circuit-potential function in the positive electrode, the rate of charge and discharge, the depth of discharge, and the length of the rest periods. However, when a high percent of the lithium at the negative electrode is utilized during cycling, the movement does not reach a steady state and pinching can occur, where the lithium nearest the negative tab becomes progressively thinner after cycling. This is another nonlinearity that leads to a progression of the movement of lithium over multiple cycles. (C) 2014 The Electrochemical Society.

  13. Combinatorial Path Planning for a System of Multiple Unmanned Vehicles 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yadlapalli, Sai Krishna

    2011-02-22

    involving Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) or ground robots requiring multiple vehicles with different capabilities to visit a set of locations....

  14. Quantum trajectory equation for multiple qubits in circuit QED: Generating entanglement by measurement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chantal L. Hutchison; J. M. Gambetta; Alexandre Blais; F. K. Wilhelm

    2008-12-01

    In this paper we derive an effective master equation and quantum trajectory equation for multiple qubits in a single resonator and in the large resonator decay limit. We show that homodyne measurement of the resonator transmission is a weak measurement of the collective qubit inversion. As an example of this result, we focus on the case of two qubits and show how this measurement can be used to generate an entangled state from an initially separable state. This is realized without relying on an entangling Hamiltonian. We show that, for {\\em current} experimental values of both the decoherence and measurement rates, this approach can be used to generate highly entangled states. This scheme takes advantage of the fact that one of the Bell states is decoherence-free under Purcell decay.

  15. When is a linear functional multiplicative? Krzysztof Jarosz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarosz, Krzysztof

    When is a linear functional multiplicative? Krzysztof Jarosz Abstract. We discuss the problem) be the set of all (nonzero) linear and multiplicative functionals on A, that is, the set of functionals: · for the algebra C [0, 1] of all continuous functions defined on the unit segment [0, 1] any linear multiplicative

  16. REVIEW Open Access Endogenous retroviruses and multiple sclerosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schierup, Mikkel Heide

    REVIEW Open Access Endogenous retroviruses and multiple sclerosis­ new pieces to the puzzle Kari K a role in multiple sclerosis (MS) has long been considered; accumulating findings suggest this to be most alternative ways to challenge autoimmune diseases. Keywords: Multiple sclerosis, Endogenous retroviruses, HERV

  17. Potential of Urinary Metabolites for Diagnosing Multiple Sclerosis Teklab Gebregiworgis,,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powers, Robert

    Potential of Urinary Metabolites for Diagnosing Multiple Sclerosis Teklab Gebregiworgis ABSTRACT: A definitive diagnostic test for multiple sclerosis (MS) does not exist; instead physicians use healthy and MS drug-treated EAE mice. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating disease of the central

  18. Multiple Sclerosis Journal The Author(s) 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaser, Christian

    Multiple Sclerosis Journal 0(0) 1­8 © The Author(s) 2013 Reprints and permissions: sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav DOI: 10.1177/1352458513478673 msj.sagepub.com MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS MSJ JOURNAL Introduction (MRIs) are the most striking finding in multiple sclerosis (MS) and they have become the most important

  19. Aalborg Universitet Hierarchical Control for Multiple DC Microgrids Clusters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasquez, Juan Carlos

    Aalborg Universitet Hierarchical Control for Multiple DC Microgrids Clusters Shafiee, Qobad). Hierarchical Control for Multiple DC Microgrids Clusters. I E E E Transactions on Energy Conversion, 29(4), 922. Dragicevic, J. C. Vasquez, and J. M. Guerrero, "Hierarchical Control for Multiple DC-Microgrids Clusters

  20. The Ramsey Multiplicity of K4 Konrad Piwakowski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radziszowski, Stanislaw P.

    The Ramsey Multiplicity of K4 Konrad Piwakowski Stanislaw P. Radziszowski Department of Foundations of computer algorithms, we improve the lower bound on the Ramsey multiplicity of K4, and thus show that the exact value of it is equal to 9. The Ramsey multiplicity M(G) of a graph G is defined as the smallest

  1. Multiplicity Distributions in QCD at Very High Energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. M. Dremin

    1994-08-18

    Recent results in QCD on multiplicity distributions are briefly reviewed. QCD is able to predict very tiny features of multiplicity distributions which demonstrate that the negative binomial distribution (and, more generally, any infinitely divisible distribution) is inappropriate for precise description of experimental data. New fits of high energy multiplicity distributions can be derived.

  2. Statistical estimation of multiple faults in aircraft gas turbine engines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ray, Asok

    415 Statistical estimation of multiple faults in aircraft gas turbine engines S Sarkar, C Rao of multiple faults in aircraft gas-turbine engines, based on a statistical pattern recognition tool called commercial aircraft engine. Keywords: aircraft propulsion, gas turbine engines, multiple fault estimation

  3. Baroclinic Multiple Zonal Jets on the Sphere SUKYOUNG LEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Sukyoung

    Baroclinic Multiple Zonal Jets on the Sphere SUKYOUNG LEE Department of Meteorology December 2004) ABSTRACT Multiple zonal jets are investigated with a two-level primitive equation model the meridional scale of the multiple zonal jets, and that these jets are maintained in part by an eddy momentum

  4. Multiple frequency method for operating electrochemical sensors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Martin, Louis P. (San Ramon, CA)

    2012-05-15

    A multiple frequency method for the operation of a sensor to measure a parameter of interest using calibration information including the steps of exciting the sensor at a first frequency providing a first sensor response, exciting the sensor at a second frequency providing a second sensor response, using the second sensor response at the second frequency and the calibration information to produce a calculated concentration of the interfering parameters, using the first sensor response at the first frequency, the calculated concentration of the interfering parameters, and the calibration information to measure the parameter of interest.

  5. Experience with pipelined multiple instruction streams

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jordan, H.F.

    1984-01-01

    The authors introduces the architecture and programming environment of the heterogeneous element processor (HEP) and surveys a range of scientific applications programs for which parallel versions have been produced, tested, and analyzed on this computer. In all cases, the ideal of one instruction completion every pipeline step time is closely approached. Speed limitations in the parallel programs are more often a result of the extra code necessary to ensure synchronization than of actual synchronization lockout at execution time. The pipelined multiple instruction stream architecture is shown to cover a wide range of applications with good utilization of the parallel hardware. 35 references.

  6. Expression of multiple proteins in transgenic plants

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vierstra, Richard D. (Madison, WI); Walker, Joseph M. (Madison, WI)

    2002-01-01

    A method is disclosed for the production of multiple proteins in transgenic plants. A DNA construct for introduction into plants includes a provision to express a fusion protein of two proteins of interest joined by a linking domain including plant ubiquitin. When the fusion protein is produced in the cells of a transgenic plant transformed with the DNA construction, native enzymes present in plant cells cleave the fusion protein to release both proteins of interest into the cells of the transgenic plant. Since the proteins are produced from the same fusion protein, the initial quantities of the proteins in the cells of the plant are approximately equal.

  7. Comments on Multiple M2-branes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jonathan Bagger; Neil Lambert

    2008-02-02

    Recently a three-dimensional field theory was derived that is consistent with all the symmetries expected of the worldvolume action for multiple M2-branes. In this note we examine several physical predictions of this model and show that they are in agreement with expected M2-brane dynamics. In particular, we discuss the quantization of the Chern-Simons coefficient, the vacuum moduli space, a massive deformation leading to fuzzy three-sphere vacua, and a possible large n limit. In this large n limit, the fuzzy funnel solution correctly reproduces the mass of an M5-brane.

  8. Multiple volume compressor for hot gas engine

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stotts, Robert E. (Clifton Park, NY)

    1986-01-01

    A multiple volume compressor for use in a hot gas (Stirling) engine having a plurality of different volume chambers arranged to pump down the engine when decreased power is called for and return the working gas to a storage tank or reservoir. A valve actuated bypass loop is placed over each chamber which can be opened to return gas discharged from the chamber back to the inlet thereto. By selectively actuating the bypass valves, a number of different compressor capacities can be attained without changing compressor speed whereby the capacity of the compressor can be matched to the power available from the engine which is used to drive the compressor.

  9. Observation of laser multiple filamentation process and multiple electron beams acceleration in a laser wakefield accelerator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Wentao; Liu, Jiansheng; Wang, Wentao; Chen, Qiang; Zhang, Hui; Tian, Ye; Zhang, Zhijun; Qi, Rong; Wang, Cheng; Leng, Yuxin; Li, Ruxin; Xu, Zhizhan

    2013-11-15

    The multiple filaments formation process in the laser wakefield accelerator (LWFA) was observed by imaging the transmitted laser beam after propagating in the plasma of different density. During propagation, the laser first self-focused into a single filament. After that, it began to defocus with energy spreading in the transverse direction. Two filaments then formed from it and began to propagate independently, moving away from each other. We have also demonstrated that the laser multiple filamentation would lead to the multiple electron beams acceleration in the LWFA via ionization-induced injection scheme. Besides, its influences on the accelerated electron beams were also analyzed both in the single-stage LWFA and cascaded LWFA.

  10. San Dieguito Citizen Science Multiple Species Monitoring Program 1 San Dieguito Citizen Science Multiple Species Monitoring Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Deli

    San Dieguito Citizen Science Multiple Species Monitoring Program 1 San Dieguito Citizen Science Multiple Species Monitoring Program The goal from current citizen science groups (such as Audubon and SD Tracking Team

  11. Settling Multiple Debts: Lesson Plan Tom Verhoeff

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verhoeff, Tom

    plants, . . . 3. The notion of a person's balance, and how to calculate them 4. How to state the problem? 5. What input is given? A list of transfers 6. What output is to be produced? For small groups

  12. State Energy Program Helps States Plan

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Program Helps States Plan and Implement Energy Efficiency The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) State Energy Program (SEP) provides grants and technical assis- tance to states...

  13. 3-D simulations of multiple beam klystrons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smithe, David N.; Bettenhausen, Mike; Ludeking, Larry; Caryotakis, G.; Sprehn, Daryl; Scheitrum, Glenn [Mission Research Corporation, 8560 Cinderbed Rd., Suite 700, Newington, Virginia 22122 (United States); Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, 2575 Sand Hill Rd., Menlo Park, California 94025 (United States)

    1999-05-07

    The MAGIC3D simulation code is being used to assess the multi-dimensional physics issues relating to the design and operation of multiple beam klystrons. Investigations, to date, include a detailed study of the mode structure of the cavities in the 19-beam hexagonally packed geometry and a study of the velocity spread caused by the cavity mode's field profile. Some attempts to minimize this effect are investigated. Additional simulations have provided quantification of the beam loading Q in a dual input cavity, and optimization of a dual output cavity. An important goal of the simulations is an accurate picture of beam transport along the length of the MBK. We have quantified the magnitude and spatial variation of the beam-line space charge interactions within a cavity gap. Present simulations have demonstrated the transport of the beam through three cavities (the present limits of our simulation size) without difficulty; additional length simulations are expected. We have also examined unbalanced beam-line scenarios, e.g., one beam-line suppressed, and find little disturbance to the transport in individual cavity tests, with results for multiple cavity transport expected.

  14. Building Stronger State Partnerships with the US Department of Energy (Energy Assurance)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mike Keogh

    2011-09-30

    From 2007 until 2011, the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) engaged in a partnership with the National Energy Technology Lab (NETL) to improve State-Federal coordination on electricity policy and energy assurance issues. This project allowed State Public Utility Commissioners and their staffs to engage on the most cutting-edge level in the arenas of energy assurance and electricity policy. Four tasks were outlined in the Statement of Performance Objectives: Task 1 - Training for Commissions on Critical Infrastructure Topics; Task 2 - Analyze and Implement Recommendations on Energy Assurance Issues; Task 3 - Ongoing liaison activities & outreach to build stronger networks between federal agencies and state regulators; and Task 4 - Additional Activities. Although four tasks were prescribed, in practice these tasks were carried out under two major activity areas: the critical infrastructure and energy assurance partnership with the US Department of Energy's Infrastructure Security and Emergency Response office, and the National Council on Electricity Policy, a collaborative which since 1994 has brought together State and Federal policymakers to address the most pressing issues facing the grid from restructuring to smart grid implementation. On Critical Infrastructure protection, this cooperative agreement helped State officials yield several important advances. The lead role on NARUC's side was played by our Committee on Critical Infrastructure Protection. Key lessons learned in this arena include the following: (1) Tabletops and exercises work - They improve the capacity of policymakers and their industry counterparts to face the most challenging energy emergencies, and thereby equip these actors with the capacity to face everything up to that point as well. (2) Information sharing is critical - Connecting people who need information with people who have information is a key success factor. However, exposure of critical infrastructure information to bad actors also creates new vulnerabilities. (3) Tensions exist between the transparency-driven basis of regulatory activity and the information-protection requirements of asset protection. (4) Coordination between states is a key success factor - Because comparatively little federal authority exists over electricity and other energy infrastructure, the interstate nature of these energy grids defy centralized command and control governance. Patchwork responses are a risk when addressed at a state-by-state level. Coordination is the key to ensuring consistent response to shared threats. In Electricity Policy, the National Council on Electricity Policy continued to make important strides forward. Coordinated electricity policy among States remains the best surrogate for an absent national electricity policy. In every area from energy efficiency to clean coal, State policies are driving the country's electricity policy, and regional responses to climate change, infrastructure planning, market operation, and new technology deployment depend on a forum for bringing the States together.

  15. Assessing the near-term risk of climate uncertainty : interdependencies among the U.S. states.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loose, Verne W.; Lowry, Thomas Stephen; Malczynski, Leonard A.; Tidwell, Vincent Carroll; Stamber, Kevin Louis; Reinert, Rhonda K.; Backus, George A.; Warren, Drake E.; Zagonel, Aldo A.; Ehlen, Mark Andrew; Klise, Geoffrey T.; Vargas, Vanessa N.

    2010-04-01

    Policy makers will most likely need to make decisions about climate policy before climate scientists have resolved all relevant uncertainties about the impacts of climate change. This study demonstrates a risk-assessment methodology for evaluating uncertain future climatic conditions. We estimate the impacts of climate change on U.S. state- and national-level economic activity from 2010 to 2050. To understand the implications of uncertainty on risk and to provide a near-term rationale for policy interventions to mitigate the course of climate change, we focus on precipitation, one of the most uncertain aspects of future climate change. We use results of the climate-model ensemble from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's (IPCC) Fourth Assessment Report 4 (AR4) as a proxy for representing climate uncertainty over the next 40 years, map the simulated weather from the climate models hydrologically to the county level to determine the physical consequences on economic activity at the state level, and perform a detailed 70-industry analysis of economic impacts among the interacting lower-48 states. We determine the industry-level contribution to the gross domestic product and employment impacts at the state level, as well as interstate population migration, effects on personal income, and consequences for the U.S. trade balance. We show that the mean or average risk of damage to the U.S. economy from climate change, at the national level, is on the order of $1 trillion over the next 40 years, with losses in employment equivalent to nearly 7 million full-time jobs.

  16. United States Environmental

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Faruque, Mohammad Abdullah

    Protect Your Family From Lead in Your Home United States Environmental Protection Agency United States Consumer Product Safety Commission United States Department of Housing and Urban Development

  17. Boredom and Distraction in Multiple Unmanned Boredom and Distraction in Multiple Unmanned Vehicle Supervisory Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, Mary "Missy"

    Institute of Technology Cambridge, MA Operators currently controlling Unmanned Aerial Vehicles report in autonomous flight control of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), it is not uncommon in search and reconnaissance: boredom, distraction, multiple unmanned vehicles, human supervisory control, task load, workload 1

  18. Modeling the Cumulative Genetic Risk for Multiple Sclerosis from Genome Wide Association Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    antigen; LD: linkage disequilibrium; MS: multiple sclerosis;MSSS: Multiple Sclerosis Severity Score; ROC: receiverDS: The causal cascade to multiple sclerosis: a model for MS

  19. Characterization of Complex Genetic Component Contributing to the Susceptibility for Multiple Sclerosis and Rheumatoid Arthritis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Briggs, Farren Basil Shaw

    2010-01-01

    JR, Barcellos LF. Multiple sclerosis genetics: leaving noand pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis. Semin Immunol 2009;risk factors in multiple sclerosis aetiology. Lancet Neurol

  20. Effect of pioglitazone treatment in a patient with secondary multiple sclerosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pershadsingh, Harrihar A; Heneka, Michael T; Saini, Rashmi; Amin, Navin M; Broeske, Daniel J; Feinstein, Douglas L

    2004-01-01

    with secondary multiple sclerosis Harrihar A Pershadsingh*an animal model of multiple sclerosis (MS). We thereforefrom the National Multiple Sclerosis Society (DLF), Takeda

  1. Impact of parental multiple sclerosis on early childhood development: A retrospective cohort study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    Razaz, H Tremlett MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS MSJ JOURNAL OriginalImpact of parental multiple sclerosis on early childhoodA retrospective cohort study Multiple Sclerosis Journal DOI:

  2. Successful treatment of psoriasis with ustekinumab in patients with multiple sclerosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Shurong; Chambers, Cindy J; Liu, Fu-Tong; Armstrong, April W

    2015-01-01

    therapy fail in multiple sclerosis? Expert review ofof ustekinumab in multiple sclerosis, the data presented inrelapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis: a phase II, double-

  3. Potential immunological consequences of pharmacological suppression of gastric acid production in patients with multiple sclerosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biswas, Sangita; Benedict, Stephen H; Lynch, Sharon G; LeVine, Steven M

    2012-01-01

    in patients with multiple sclerosis. BMC Medicine 2012 10:adverse effects in multiple sclerosis. Ann Neurol 2011, 69:cytotoxicity in multiple sclerosis by central nervous system

  4. Conformational epitopes of myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein are targets of potentially pathogenic antibody responses in multiple sclerosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Menge, Til; Lalive, Patrice H; von Büdingen, H -Christian; Genain , Claude P

    2011-01-01

    antibody responses in multiple sclerosis. Journal ofof biomarkers in multiple sclerosis. Brain 2004, 127:1463-diagnostic criteria for multiple sclerosis: guidelines from

  5. Genetics and the environment converge to dysregulate N-glycosylation in multiple sclerosis.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    alters the severity of multiple sclerosis. J. Neuroimmunol.diagnostic criteria for multiple sclerosis: guidelines fromon the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis. Ann. Neurol. 50,

  6. Quantitative MRI analysis in children with multiple sclerosis: a multicenter feasibility pilot study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    children with multiple sclerosis: a multicenter feasibilityA, Hader W, et al: Multiple sclerosis in childhood: clinicalIL, Zaffaroni M: Multiple sclerosis in childhood: clinical

  7. Generalized skin drug eruption to natalizumab in a patient with multiple sclerosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    André, Marisa C; Pacheco, David; Antunes, Joana; Silva, Raquel; Filipe, Paulo; Almeida, L M Soares de

    2010-01-01

    International Natalizumab Multiple Sclerosis Trial Group.Natalizumab for Relapsing Multiple Sclerosis. 2003. N Engl Jin a patient with multiple sclerosis Marisa C André MD,

  8. The genetic basis of multiple sclerosis: a model for MS susceptibility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodin, Douglas S

    2010-01-01

    The genetic basis of multiple sclerosis: a model for MSet al: McAlpine’s Multiple Sclerosis. 4 edition. Churchillfamilial aggregation in multiple sclerosis. Nature 1995, 4.

  9. Open Ring Sign Diagnostic of Multiple Sclerosis in the Emergency Department

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nappe, Thomas M.; Niehaus, Matthew T; Goyke, Terrence E

    2015-01-01

    Ring Sign Diagnostic of Multiple Sclerosis in the Emergencyin Pseudotumoral Multiple Sclerosis: Important RadiologicalSign Diagnostic of Multiple Sclerosis 2. Masdeu JC, Quinto

  10. Cross-cultural effects of casualties on foreign policy decision making: South Korea and the United States 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Nam Tae

    2009-06-02

    It is well accepted that casualties incurred as a result of interstate militarized disputes have a significant influence on domestic public opinion and ultimately on foreign policy decision making (FPDM). Although scholars ...

  11. Tracking the Sun III; The Installed Cost of Photovoltaics in the United States from 1998-2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbose, Galen

    2011-01-01

    Sherwood, L. 2010. U.S. Solar Market Trends 2009. InterstateSherwood, L. 2010. U.S. Solar Market Trends 2009. Interstateexpansion of the U.S. solar market in recent years, however,

  12. Multiple predictor smoothing methods for sensitivity analysis.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Helton, Jon Craig; Storlie, Curtis B.

    2006-08-01

    The use of multiple predictor smoothing methods in sampling-based sensitivity analyses of complex models is investigated. Specifically, sensitivity analysis procedures based on smoothing methods employing the stepwise application of the following nonparametric regression techniques are described: (1) locally weighted regression (LOESS), (2) additive models, (3) projection pursuit regression, and (4) recursive partitioning regression. The indicated procedures are illustrated with both simple test problems and results from a performance assessment for a radioactive waste disposal facility (i.e., the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant). As shown by the example illustrations, the use of smoothing procedures based on nonparametric regression techniques can yield more informative sensitivity analysis results than can be obtained with more traditional sensitivity analysis procedures based on linear regression, rank regression or quadratic regression when nonlinear relationships between model inputs and model predictions are present.

  13. MPACT Fast Neutron Multiplicity System Design Concepts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D. L. Chichester; S. A. Pozzi; J. L. Dolan; M. T. Kinlaw; A. C. Kaplan; M. Flaska; A. Enqvist; J. T. Johnsom; S. M. Watson

    2012-10-01

    This report documents work performed by Idaho National Laboratory and the University of Michigan in fiscal year (FY) 2012 to examine design parameters related to the use of fast-neutron multiplicity counting for assaying plutonium for materials protection, accountancy, and control purposes. This project seeks to develop a new type of neutron-measurement-based plutonium assay instrument suited for assaying advanced fuel cycle materials. Some current-concept advanced fuels contain high concentrations of plutonium; some of these concept fuels also contain other fissionable actinides besides plutonium. Because of these attributes the neutron emission rates of these new fuels may be much higher, and more difficult to interpret, than measurements made of plutonium-only materials. Fast neutron multiplicity analysis is one approach for assaying these advanced nuclear fuels. Studies have been performed to assess the conceptual performance capabilities of a fast-neutron multiplicity counter for assaying plutonium. Comparisons have been made to evaluate the potential improvements and benefits of fast-neutron multiplicity analyses versus traditional thermal-neutron counting systems. Fast-neutron instrumentation, using for example an array of liquid scintillators such as EJ-309, have the potential to either a) significantly reduce assay measurement times versus traditional approaches, for comparable measurement precision values, b) significantly improve assay precision values, for measurement durations comparable to current-generation technology, or c) moderating improve both measurement precision and measurement durations versus current-generation technology. Using the MCNPX-PoliMi Monte Carlo simulation code, studies have been performed to assess the doubles-detection efficiency for a variety of counter layouts of cylindrical liquid scintillator detector cells over one, two, and three rows. Ignoring other considerations, the best detector design is the one with the most detecting volume. However, operational limitations guide a) the maximum acceptable size of each detector cell (due to PSD performance and maximum-acceptable per-channel data throughput rates, limited by pulse pile-up and the processing rate of the electronics components of the system) and b) the affordability of a system due to the number of total channels of data to be collected and processed. As a first estimate, it appears that a system comprised of two rows of detectors 5" Ø ? 3" would yield a working prototype system with excellent performance capabilities for assaying Pu-containing items and capable of handling high signal rates likely when measuring items with Pu and other actinides. However, it is still likely that gamma-ray shielding will be needed to reduce the total signal rate in the detectors. As a first step prior to working with these larger-sized detectors, it may be practical to perform scoping studies using small detectors, such as already-on-hand 3" Ø ? 3" detectors.

  14. Multiple channel optical data acquisition system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fasching, G.E.; Goff, D.R.

    1985-02-22

    A multiple channel optical data acquisition system is provided in which a plurality of remote sensors monitoring specific process variable are interrogated by means of a single optical fiber connecting the remote station/sensors to a base station. The remote station/sensors derive all power from light transmitted through the fiber from the base station. Each station/sensor is individually accessed by means of a light modulated address code sent over the fiber. The remote station/sensors use a single light emitting diode to both send and receive light signals to communicate with the base station and provide power for the remote station. The system described can power at least 100 remote station/sensors over an optical fiber one mile in length.

  15. Multiple hearth furnace for reducing iron oxide

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brandon, Mark M. (Charlotte, NC); True, Bradford G. (Charlotte, NC)

    2012-03-13

    A multiple moving hearth furnace (10) having a furnace housing (11) with at least two moving hearths (20) positioned laterally within the furnace housing, the hearths moving in opposite directions and each moving hearth (20) capable of being charged with at least one layer of iron oxide and carbon bearing material at one end, and being capable of discharging reduced material at the other end. A heat insulating partition (92) is positioned between adjacent moving hearths of at least portions of the conversion zones (13), and is capable of communicating gases between the atmospheres of the conversion zones of adjacent moving hearths. A drying/preheat zone (12), a conversion zone (13), and optionally a cooling zone (15) are sequentially positioned along each moving hearth (30) in the furnace housing (11).

  16. Average gluon and quark jet multiplicities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. V. Kotikov

    2014-11-30

    We show the results in [1,2] for computing the QCD contributions to the scale evolution of average gluon and quark jet multiplicities. The new results came due a recent progress in timelike small-x resummation obtained in the MSbar factorization scheme. They depend on two nonperturbative parameters with clear and simple physical interpretations. A global fit of these two quantities to all available experimental data sets demonstrates by its goodness how our results solve a longstandig problem of QCD. Including all the available theoretical input within our approach, alphas(Mz)=0.1199 +- 0.0026 has been obtained in the MSbar scheme in an approximation equivalent to next-to-next-to-leading order enhanced by the resummations of ln x terms through the NNLL level and of ln Q2 terms by the renormalization group. This result is in excellent agreement with the present world average.

  17. New ideas about multiplication of tensorial distributions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skakala, Jozef

    2009-01-01

    There is a huge need in general relativity for a consistent and useful mathematical theory defining the multiplication of tensor distributions in a geometric (diffeomorphism invariant) way. Significant progress has been made through the concept of Colombeau algebras, and the construction of full Colombeau algebras on differential manifolds for arbitrary tensors. Despite the fact that this goal was achieved, it does not incorporate clearly enough the concept of covariant derivative and hence has a limited meaning. We take a different approach: we consider any type of preference for smooth distributions (on a smooth manifold) as nonintuitive, which means all our approach must be based fully on the Colombeau equivalence relation as the fundamental feature of the theory. After taking this approach we very naturally obtain a canonical and geometric theory defining tensorial operations with tensorial distributions, including covariant derivative. This also happens because we no longer need any explicit canonical ge...

  18. Entanglement distribution over quantum code-division-multiple-access networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang-long Zhu; Nan Yang; Yu-xi Liu; Franco Nori; Jing Zhang

    2015-07-09

    We present a method for quantum entanglement distribution over a so-called code-division-multiple-access network, in which two pairs of users share the same quantum channel to transmit information. The main idea of this method is to use different broad-band chaotic phase shifts, generated by electro-optic modulators (EOMs) and chaotic Colpitts circuits, to encode the information-bearing quantum signals coming from different users, and then recover the masked quantum signals at the receiver side by imposing opposite chaotic phase shifts. The chaotic phase shifts given to different pairs of users are almost uncorrelated due to the randomness of chaos and thus the quantum signals from different pair of users can be distinguished even when they are sent via the same quantum channel. It is shown that two maximally-entangled states can be generated between two pairs of users by our method mediated by bright coherent lights, which can be more easily implemented in experiments compared with single-photon lights. Our method is robust under the channel noises if only the decay rates of the information-bearing fields induced by the channel noises are not quite high. Our study opens up new perspectives for addressing and transmitting quantum information in future quantum networks.

  19. Multiple ionization of Ar by F{sup -} impact: Projectile-electron-loss and direct-ionization collision channels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sant'Anna, M. M.; Zappa, F.; Santos, A. C. F.; Coelho, L. F. S.; Wolff, W.; Barros, A. L. F. de; Castro Faria, N. V. de [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Cx. Postal 68528, Rio de Janeiro 21941-972 (Brazil)

    2006-08-15

    We have measured single- and multiple-target ionization cross sections for the F{sup -}+Ar collision system. Measurements of the final target and projectile charge states were performed in coincidence, separating the collision channels for single-, double-, and triple-projectile-electron loss and for direct ionization. The studied velocity region extends from v=0.46 to v=1.45 atomic units. Results are compared with existing H{sup -}+Ar data as well as with Ar multiple ionization by protons, electrons, and antiprotons. For the direct-ionization channel, ratios for multiple-to-single target ionization are similar to those found for H{sup +}+Ar collisions. For this channel multiple ionization is well described by independent single-ionization events by a frozen projectile. For the projectile-electron-loss collision channels, on the other hand, the correlation between projectile electrons and target electrons plays an important role. Our data show that the average final charge state of the target, , increases steeply with the final charge state of the projectile, while an independent-particle model (neglecting two-center electron-electron correlation) only accounts for small variations of .

  20. Spin-orbit interaction in multiple quantum wells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hao, Ya-Fei

    2015-01-07

    In this paper, we investigate how the structure of multiple quantum wells affects spin-orbit interactions. To increase the interface-related Rashba spin splitting and the strength of the interface-related Rashba spin-orbit interaction, we designed three kinds of multiple quantum wells. We demonstrate that the structure of the multiple quantum wells strongly affected the interface-related Rashba spin-orbit interaction, increasing the interface-related Rashba spin splitting to up to 26% larger in multiple quantum wells than in a stepped quantum well. We also show that the cubic Dresselhaus spin-orbit interaction similarly influenced the spin relaxation time of multiple quantum wells and that of a stepped quantum well. The increase in the interface-related Rashba spin splitting originates from the relationship between interface-related Rashba spin splitting and electron probability density. Our results suggest that multiple quantum wells can be good candidates for spintronic devices.

  1. Characterization of precipitation product errors across the United States using multiplicative triple collocation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoffelen, A.

    Validation of precipitation estimates from various products is a challenging problem, since the true precipitation is unknown. However, with the increased availability of precipitation estimates from a wide range of ...

  2. Real time monitoring of multiple wells flowing under pseudosteady state condition by using Kalman filtering 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacob, Suresh

    2002-01-01

    the relative localized skin effects in the individual wells and the reservoir wide relative permeability. The ability to continuously estimate the skin values in the wells offers tremendous value in production decisions. Simultaneous estimation of skin...

  3. Absolute Photoluminescence Quantum Yield Measurement in a Complex Nanoscopic System with Multiple Overlapping States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enderlein, Jörg

    evaluation, which takes into account the electric field distribution within the cavity as generated. The photo- luminescence QY, characterizing the fundamental photo-optical properties of such systems

  4. Steady-State Multiplicity and Stability of Thermal Equilibria in Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) Engines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefanopoulou, Anna

    internal exhaust gas recirculation from previous combustion cycle. It is shown that the thermal equilibria to the autoignition nature, HCCI engines sustain high compression ratio similar to Compression Ignition (CI) engines of the charge properties, namely, temperature, pressure, and composition at the In- take Valve Closing (IVC

  5. The Role of Oceans and Sea Ice in Abrupt Transitions between Multiple Climate States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, Brian E. J.

    The coupled climate dynamics underlying large, rapid, and potentially irreversible changes in ice cover are studied. A global atmosphere–ocean–sea ice general circulation model with idealized aquaplanet geometry is forced ...

  6. DEVELOPMENT OF MULTIPLE SAMPLE SOLID-STATE NMR PROBES FOR ANALYSIS OF PHARMACEUTICAL COMPOUNDS AND FORMULATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, Benjamin Nels

    2011-12-31

    developed. This version is limited to being a two-module probe due to the large amounts of space required for the tuning elements, which are located next to the MAS modules. A new probe design incorporating coaxial transmission lines and smaller MAS modules...

  7. Multiple transition zone seismic discontinuities and low velocity layers below western United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tauzin, B.

    With P-to-S converted waves recorded at seismic stations of the U.S. Transportable Array, we image the fine structure of upper mantle and transition zone (TZ) beneath the western U.S. We map the topographies of seismic ...

  8. Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) Linear Systems Extreme Inputs/Outputs

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Smallwood, David O.

    2007-01-01

    A linear structure is excited at multiple points with a stationary normal random process. The response of the structure is measured at multiple outputs. If the autospectral densities of the inputs are specified, the phase relationships between the inputs are derived that will minimize or maximize the trace of the autospectral density matrix of the outputs. If the autospectral densities of the outputs are specified, the phase relationships between the outputs that will minimize or maximize the trace of the input autospectral density matrix are derived. It is shown that other phase relationships and ordinary coherence less than one willmore »result in a trace intermediate between these extremes. Least favorable response and some classes of critical response are special cases of the development. It is shown that the derivation for stationary random waveforms can also be applied to nonstationary random, transients, and deterministic waveforms.« less

  9. Subcritical Measurements Multiple HEU Metal Castings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mihalczo, John T [ORNL] [ORNL; Archer, Daniel E [ORNL] [ORNL; Wright, Michael C [ORNL] [ORNL

    2008-01-01

    Experiments with the standard annular highly enriched uranium (HEU) metal castings at Y-12 were performed in which up to 5 castings ({approx}90kg) were assembled in a tightly packed array with minimal spacing between castings. The fission chain multiplication process was initiated by a time tagged {sup 253}Cf spontaneously fissioning neutron source or time and directionally tagged neutrons from a small portable DT neutron generator and the prompt neutron time behavior measured with plastic scintillation detectors sensitive the fast neutron (>1 MeV) and gamma ray without distinction. These experiments were performed to provide data to benchmark methods for the calculation of the prompt neutron time behavior. Previous measurements with a single casting have been reported. This paper presents the experimental results for multiple castings. The prompt time decay was obtained by time coincidence correlation measurements between the detectors and the time tagged neutron source emission (equivalent to randomly pulsed neutron measurements) and between pairs of plastic scintillation detectors (equivalent to a 2-detector Rossi-alpha measurement). These standard HEU storage castings at the Y-12 plant had 5.000-in-OD, 3.500-in-ID, masses between 17,636 and 17,996 g, impurity content of 992 ppm, density of 18.75 g/cm{sup 3} and average enrichment of 93.16 wt % {sup 235}U. The castings were in tight fitting 025-in.-thick, 8.0-in-high stainless steel (SS-304) cylindrical cans for contamination control which were 8.0 in high. One can had an inside diameter of 3.0 in so that the Cf source could be located on the axes of this casting. Four 1 x 1 x 6 in plastic scintillators with the long dimension perpendicular to axes of the castings and adjacent to the outer surface of the casting cans were used. The detectors were enclosed in 1/4.-in.-thick lead shields on four 1 x 6 surfaces and on the 1 x 1 surface. The small surface of the lead shield was adjacent to the steel table. The photograph of the assembly of 5 casting with the detectors is given in Figure 1. The DT generator can be seen in the back with the time tagged neutrons aligned symmetrically around a line drawn from the generator through target spot and the center of the casting in the annular can seen in the foreground.

  10. Structuring Materials on Multiple Length Scales for Energy Application...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Structuring Materials on Multiple Length Scales for Energy Applications October 25, 2012 at 3pm36-428 Adreas Stein Department of Chemistry, University of Minnesota astein...

  11. Project Profile: CSP Energy Storage Solutions - Multiple Technologies...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Project Profile: CSP Energy Storage Solutions - Multiple Technologies Compared US Solar Holdings logo US Solar Holdings, under the Thermal Storage FOA, is aiming to...

  12. Matrix multiplication operations with data pre-conditioning in...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    operations with data pre-conditioning in a high performance computing architecture Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Matrix multiplication operations with...

  13. V-152: Cisco Unified Customer Voice Portal (CVP) Multiple Vulnerabilit...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Multiple vulnerabilities have been reported in Cisco Unified Customer Voice Portal (CVP) PLATFORM: The vulnerabilities are reported in versions prior to 9.0.1 ES 11 ABSTRACT:...

  14. Matrix multiplication operations with data pre-conditioning in...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Matrix multiplication operations with data pre-conditioning in a high performance computing architecture Eichenberger, Alexandre E; Gschwind, Michael K; Gunnels, John A Mechanisms...

  15. ALS Capabilities Reveal Multiple Functions of Ebola Virus

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ALS Capabilities Reveal Multiple Functions of Ebola Virus Print A central dogma of molecular biology is that a protein's sequence dictates its fold, and the fold dictates its...

  16. V-205: IBM Tivoli System Automation for Multiplatforms Java Multiple...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    IBM has acknowledged a weakness and multiple vulnerabilities in IBM Tivoli System Automation for Multiplatforms, which can be exploited by malicious, local users to disclose...

  17. V-161: IBM Maximo Asset Management Products Java Multiple Vulnerabilit...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    IBM Maximo Asset Management Products Java Multiple Vulnerabilities PLATFORM: IBM Maximo Asset Management 6.x IBM Maximo Asset Management 7.x IBM Maximo Asset Management Essentials...

  18. V-132: IBM Tivoli System Automation Application Manager Multiple...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    IBM has acknowledged multiple vulnerabilities in IBM Tivoli System Automation Application Manager PLATFORM: The vulnerabilities are reported in IBM Tivoli System Automation...

  19. T-681:IBM Lotus Symphony Multiple Unspecified Vulnerabilities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Multiple unspecified vulnerabilities in IBM Lotus Symphony 3 before FP3 have unknown impact and attack vectors, related to "critical security vulnerability issues."

  20. V-180: IBM Application Manager For Smart Business Multiple Vulnerabili...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    (GSKit). 8) Multiple vulnerabilities are caused due to a bundled vulnerable version of Java. IMPACT: IBM Application Manager For Smart Business can be exploited by malicious...

  1. Multiplicities of Pfaffian Intersections, and the Lojasiewicz Inequality ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1910-00-40

    and the exponents in the Lojasiewicz inequalities for Pfaffian functions. For the intersections defined by sparse polynomials, the multiplicities outside the.

  2. Wireless Relay Communication System for Multiple Small Robots

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baumgartner, Jeremy Gordon

    2015-01-01

    Stef DiPierro. Unmanned aerial vehicle (uav) communicationsof multiple unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). The resultsmultiple small unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) in order to

  3. A Combinatorial Auction with Multiple Winners for Universal Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, Frank

    . The auction incorporates synergies by permitting all combinatorial bids, is transparent to the bidders, allows was that of a simultaneous multiple­round auctio

  4. Coordinating Interstate Electric Transmission Siting: An Introduction...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    experts have started drawing att ention to the need to improve the system that transmits electricity from power plants to demand centers. Congestion on existing lines, increased...

  5. Interstate Technology & Regulatory Council (ITRC) Remediation...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    & Publications December 11-12, 2014 - Technical Exchange Meeting - Las Vegas, Nevada October 13, 2015 Webinar - EPA Radiation Risk Assessment Approach Attenuation Based Remedies...

  6. Interstate Clean Transportation Corridor Project Under Way

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageBlender PumpVehiclesThe Heat IsHeavy-DutyCELLs more

  7. Knowledge Framework Implementation with Multiple Architectures - 13090

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Upadhyay, H.; Lagos, L.; Quintero, W.; Shoffner, P.; DeGregory, J.

    2013-07-01

    Multiple kinds of knowledge management systems are operational in public and private enterprises, large and small organizations with a variety of business models that make the design, implementation and operation of integrated knowledge systems very difficult. In recent days, there has been a sweeping advancement in the information technology area, leading to the development of sophisticated frameworks and architectures. These platforms need to be used for the development of integrated knowledge management systems which provides a common platform for sharing knowledge across the enterprise, thereby reducing the operational inefficiencies and delivering cost savings. This paper discusses the knowledge framework and architecture that can be used for the system development and its application to real life need of nuclear industry. A case study of deactivation and decommissioning (D and D) is discussed with the Knowledge Management Information Tool platform and framework. D and D work is a high priority activity across the Department of Energy (DOE) complex. Subject matter specialists (SMS) associated with DOE sites, the Energy Facility Contractors Group (EFCOG) and the D and D community have gained extensive knowledge and experience over the years in the cleanup of the legacy waste from the Manhattan Project. To prevent the D and D knowledge and expertise from being lost over time from the evolving and aging workforce, DOE and the Applied Research Center (ARC) at Florida International University (FIU) proposed to capture and maintain this valuable information in a universally available and easily usable system. (authors)

  8. Multiple shock initiation of LX-17

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tarver, C.M.; Cook, T.M.; Urtiew, P.A.; Tao, W.C.

    1993-07-01

    The response of the insensitive TATB-based high explosive LX-17 to multiple shock impacts is studied experimentally in a four inch gas gun using embedded manganin gauges and numerically using the ignition and growth reactive flow model of shock initiation and detonation. Pressure histories are reported for LX-17 cylinders which are subjected to sustained shock pulses followed by secondary compressions from shocks reflected from metal discs attached to the backs of the explosive targets. These measured and calculated pressure histories show that the threshold for hot spot growth in LX-17 is 7 GPa, that LX-17 can be dead pressed at slightly lower pressures, and that the reaction rates behind reflected shocks increase greatly as the impedance of the metal increases. A study of the response of LX-17 to the collision of two reacting, diverging shocks forming a Mach stem wave inside the LX-17 charge demonstrated that this interaction can result in a high pressure region of sufficient size and strength to cause detonation under certain conditions.

  9. Nanoparticles modified with multiple organic acids

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cook, Ronald Lee (Lakewood, CO); Luebben, Silvia DeVito (Golden, CO); Myers, Andrew William (Arvada, CO); Smith, Bryan Matthew (Boulder, CO); Elliott, Brian John (Superior, CO); Kreutzer, Cory (Brighton, CO); Wilson, Carolina (Arvada, CO); Meiser, Manfred (Aurora, CO)

    2007-07-17

    Surface-modified nanoparticles of boehmite, and methods for preparing the same. Aluminum oxyhydroxide nanoparticles are surface modified by reaction with selected amounts of organic acids. In particular, the nanoparticle surface is modified by reactions with two or more different carboxylic acids, at least one of which is an organic carboxylic acid. The product is a surface modified boehmite nanoparticle that has an inorganic aluminum oxyhydroxide core, or part aluminum oxyhydroxide core and a surface-bonded organic shell. Organic carboxylic acids of this invention contain at least one carboxylic acid group and one carbon-hydrogen bond. One embodiment of this invention provides boehmite nanoparticles that have been surface modified with two or more acids one of which additional carries at least one reactive functional group. Another embodiment of this invention provides boehmite nanoparticles that have been surface modified with multiple acids one of which has molecular weight or average molecular weight greater than or equal to 500 Daltons. Yet, another embodiment of this invention provides boehmite nanoparticles that are surface modified with two or more acids one of which is hydrophobic in nature and has solubility in water of less than 15 by weight. The products of the methods of this invention have specific useful properties when used in mixture with liquids, as filler in solids, or as stand-alone entities.

  10. Multiple connection for an undersea cable system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guazzo, L.; Trezeguet, J.P.

    1984-05-08

    A multiple connection is claimed for connecting a plurality of armored cables to the housing of electrical apparatus in an undersea system having a cable interconnection point where a plurality of cables serving different destinations are brought together. Each of these cables comprise a core surrounded by armor and are terminated by a length of bared core extending beyond a severed end of the armor. The housing has a hollow cable-fixing part through which the bared cable cores pass, characterized in that said connection comprises: a steel binding ring through which the armored portion of each of said cables, is threaded, said ring serving to bind said armored portions of cable together; a steel tube threaded over said bared cores of said cables, having one end abutting against severed end portions of the armor of said cables and having its other end fixed mechanically to said hollow cable-fixing part of the electrical apparatus housing; and auxiliary armor wound around the portions of armored cable bound together by said ring and around the adjacent portion of said steel tube.

  11. Multiple capillary biochemical analyzer with barrier member

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dovichi, Norman J. (Edmonton, CA); Zhang, Jian Z. (Edmonton, CA)

    1996-01-01

    A multiple capillary biochemical analyzer for sequencing DNA and performing other analyses, in which a set of capillaries extends from wells in a microtiter plate into a cuvette. In the cuvette the capillaries are held on fixed closely spaced centers by passing through a sandwich construction having a pair of metal shims which squeeze between them a rubber gasket, forming a leak proof seal for an interior chamber in which the capillary ends are positioned. Sheath fluid enters the chamber and entrains filament sample streams from the capillaries. The filament sample streams, and sheath fluid, flow through aligned holes in a barrier member spaced close to the capillary ends, into a collection chamber having a lower glass window. The filament streams are illuminated above the barrier member by a laser, causing them to fluoresce. The fluorescence is viewed end-on by a CCD camera chip located below the glass window. The arrangement ensures an equal optical path length from all fluorescing spots to the CCD chip and also blocks scattered fluorescence illumination, providing more uniform results and an improved signal to noise ratio.

  12. Multiple capillary biochemical analyzer with barrier member

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dovichi, N.J.; Zhang, J.Z.

    1996-10-22

    A multiple capillary biochemical analyzer is disclosed for sequencing DNA and performing other analyses, in which a set of capillaries extends from wells in a microtiter plate into a cuvette. In the cuvette the capillaries are held on fixed closely spaced centers by passing through a sandwich construction having a pair of metal shims which squeeze between them a rubber gasket, forming a leak proof seal for an interior chamber in which the capillary ends are positioned. Sheath fluid enters the chamber and entrains filament sample streams from the capillaries. The filament sample streams, and sheath fluid, flow through aligned holes in a barrier member spaced close to the capillary ends, into a collection chamber having a lower glass window. The filament streams are illuminated above the barrier member by a laser, causing them to fluoresce. The fluorescence is viewed end-on by a CCD camera chip located below the glass window. The arrangement ensures an equal optical path length from all fluorescing spots to the CCD chip and also blocks scattered fluorescence illumination, providing more uniform results and an improved signal-to-noise ratio. 12 figs.

  13. Multiple Membranes in M-theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jonathan Bagger; Neil Lambert; Sunil Mukhi; Constantinos Papageorgakis

    2012-07-14

    We review developments in the theory of multiple, parallel membranes in M-theory. After discussing the inherent difficulties pertaining to a maximally supersymmetric lagrangian formulation with the appropriate field content and symmetries, we discuss how introducing the concept of 3-algebras allows for such a description. Different choices of 3-algebras lead to distinct classes of 2+1 dimensional theories with varying degrees of supersymmetry. We then describe how these are equivalent to a type of conventional superconformal Chern-Simons gauge theories at level k, coupled to bifundamental matter. Analysing the physical properties of these theories leads to the identification of a certain subclass of models with configurations of M2-branes in Z_k orbifolds of M-theory. In addition these models give rise to a whole new sector of the gauge/gravity duality in the form of an AdS_4/CFT_3 correspondence. We also discuss mass deformations, higher derivative corrections as well as the possibility of extracting information about M5-brane physics.

  14. End states, ladder compounds, and domain wall fermions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Creutz

    1999-09-01

    A magnetic field applied to a cross linked ladder compound can generate isolated electronic states bound to the ends of the chain. After exploring the interference phenomena responsible, I discuss a connection to the domain wall approach to chiral fermions in lattice gauge theory. The robust nature of the states under small variations of the bond strengths is tied to chiral symmetry and the multiplicative renormalization of fermion masses.

  15. Nozick's minimal state

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Darrell James

    1995-01-01

    In his book, Anarchy , State, and Utopia, Robert Nozick argues that the only state that can be justified is the minimal state, a state limited to providing protection for all its citizens. Nozick explains how a minimal state could naturally develop...

  16. Hybrid Systems State estimation for hybrid systems: applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomlin, Claire

    Hybrid Systems State estimation for hybrid systems: applications to aircraft tracking I. Hwang, H of a stochastic linear hybrid system, given only the continuous system output data, is studied. Well established techniques for hybrid estimation, known as the multiple model adaptive estimation algorithm

  17. US008766169B2 (12) United States Patent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grier, David

    US008766169B2 (12) United States Patent Grier et al. US 8,766,169 B2 Jul. 1, 2014 (10) Patent N0.: (45) Date of Patent: (54) SORTING COLLOIDAL PARTICLES INTO MULTIPLE CHANNELS WITH OPTICAL FORCES Subject to any disclaimer, the term ofthis patent is extended or adjusted under 35 U.S.C. 154(b) by 183

  18. Iterative Water-filling for Gaussian Vector Multiple Access Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Tiffany Jing

    Iterative Water-filling for Gaussian Vector Multiple Access Channels W. Yu, W. Rhee, S. Boyd, and J. Cioffi Zhenlei Shen Lehigh University March 29, 2005 Zhenlei Shen (Lehigh) Iterative Water-filling for Gaussian Vector Multiple Access ChannelsMarch 29, 2005 1 / 13 #12;1 Quick Review 2 Iterative Water

  19. Normal Basis Multiplication Algorithms for GF(2n ) (Full Version)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    1 Normal Basis Multiplication Algorithms for GF(2n ) (Full Version) Haining Fan, Duo Liu and Yiqi. fan_haining@yahoo.com Abstract - In this paper, we propose a new normal basis multiplication algorithm for GF(2n ). This algorithm can be used to design not only fast software algorithms but also low

  20. Multiple Regression Introduction to Statistics Using R (Psychology 9041B)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gribble, Paul

    Multiple Regression Introduction to Statistics Using R (Psychology 9041B) Paul Gribble Winter, 2015 1 Correlation, Regression & Multiple Regression 1.1 Bivariate correlation The Pearson product*r*(N-2)) / (1-(r*r)) > pobs Fobs 1 #12;Intro Stats R 1 Correlation, Regression

  1. Math 261A -Spring 2012 M. Bremer Multiple Linear Regression

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keinan, Alon

    Math 261A - Spring 2012 M. Bremer Multiple Linear Regression So far, we have seen the concept of simple linear regression where a single predictor variable X was used to model the response variable Y . In many applications, there is more than one factor that influences the response. Multiple regression

  2. Sequence Assembly Validation by Multiple Restriction Digest Fragment Coverage Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rouchka, Eric

    Sequence Assembly Validation by Multiple Restriction Digest Fragment Coverage Analysis Eric C the possibility of analyzing multiple, independent restriction digests as a method for testing the fidelity of the fragment assembly is highly desirable. Comparison of predicted and experimental restriction digests has

  3. The Energy Harvesting Multiple Access Channel with Energy Storage Losses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yener, Aylin

    The Energy Harvesting Multiple Access Channel with Energy Storage Losses Kaya Tutuncuoglu and Aylin considers a Gaussian multiple access channel with two energy harvesting transmitters with lossy energy storage. The power allocation policy maximizing the average weighted sum rate given the energy harvesting

  4. Optimal Multiple Assignments with (,)-Scheme for General Access Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Optimal Multiple Assignments with (,)-Scheme for General Access Structures Qiang Li, Xiangxue Li to construct an optimal multiple assignment with threshold schemes for general access structure. In this paper the values of either 0 or 1. We also show that given a complete access structure, an optimal scheme may

  5. Multiple Roles for GIS in US Global Change Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    Multiple Roles for GIS in US Global Change Research: Annotated Bibliography Compiled by Ashton: Multiple Roles for GIS in US Global Change Research. The bibliography consists of an annotated collection of articles concerned with the application of GIS in global change research. These papers range from reviewed

  6. Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, S. J. Ben

    -CDMA, efficient and compact W-CDMA chip develop- ment allowed rapid market-driven transition from the conventionalSpectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next and summarize the progress of the spectral phase encoded time spreading (SPECTS) optical code division multiple

  7. SEMANTIC DATA INTEGRATION IN A MULTIPLE REPRESENTATION ENVIRONMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Köbben, Barend

    SEMANTIC DATA INTEGRATION IN A MULTIPLE REPRESENTATION ENVIRONMENT J.E. Stotera , R.L.G. Lemmensa in a multiple representation environment. Important principles of this environment are 1) the data sets of a new technology in the semantic data integration process of different data sets: machine ontology using

  8. Impact of Misalignment of Trading Agent Strategy across Multiple Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McBurney, Peter

    examine the effect of a market pricing policy designed to attract high-valued traders in a multiple market market's policies. Keywords: market design, trading strategy, market selection strategy, multiple markets market due to analytical complexity. The CAT market design competition [9] is aimed at encouraging more

  9. Multiple ERK substrates execute single biological processes in Caenorhabditis elegans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multiple ERK substrates execute single biological processes in Caenorhabditis elegans germ, 2008) RAS-extracellular signal regulated kinase (ERK) signaling governs multiple aspects of cell fate. Understanding how perturbations to the ERK signaling pathway lead to developmental disorders and cancer hinges

  10. Montgomery Modular Multiplication on ARM-NEON Revisited

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Montgomery Modular Multiplication on ARM-NEON Revisited Hwajeong Seo1 , Zhe Liu2 , Johann Großsch-based cryptosystems. The increased prevalence of SIMD-type instructions in commodity processors (e.g. Intel SSE, ARM modular multiplication on ARM-NEON platforms. Detailed benchmarking results obtained on an ARM Cortex-A9

  11. Investigation of Automated Feature Extraction Using Multiple Data Sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Theiler, James

    multiple data sources and 3) fusion of results from multiple individual data sources. Keywords: supervised classification, data fusion, support vector machines, feature extraction, machine learning, multispectral 1 of data fusion is a hot-bed of activity. It is the aim of data fusion to integrate the data available from

  12. Multiplicative colored noise in linearized models of biochemical reaction networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ingalls, Brian

    Multiplicative colored noise in linearized models of biochemical reaction networks Matthew Scott is often modeled by white noise, though results obtained in this fashion tend to overstate the effect to a model of bacterial chemotaxis with multiple explicit noise sources. The frequency response

  13. Automatic Error Elimination by Horizontal Code Transfer across Multiple Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polz, Martin

    Automatic Error Elimination by Horizontal Code Transfer across Multiple Applications Stelios CSAIL, Cambridge, MA, USA Abstract We present Code Phage (CP), a system for automatically transferring. To the best of our knowledge, CP is the first system to automatically transfer code across multiple

  14. Independent Control of Multiple Magnetic Microrobots in Three Dimensions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sitti, Metin

    Independent Control of Multiple Magnetic Microrobots in Three Dimensions Eric Diller, Joshua method to independently control multiple sub-mm microrobots in three dimen- sions (3D) using magnetic of geometrically or magnetically distinct microrobots which assume different magnetization directions in a rotating

  15. Multiple differential cryptanalysis of round-reduced PRINCE (Full version)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Multiple differential cryptanalysis of round-reduced PRINCE (Full version) Anne Canteaut1 , Thomas, France Abstract. PRINCE is a lightweight block cipher proposed by Borghoff et al. at Asiacrypt 2012. Due attacks. Our attack uses multiple differen- tials and exploits some properties of PRINCE for recovering

  16. Control of Multiple Robotic Sentry Vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feddema, J.; Klarer, P.; Lewis, C.

    1999-04-01

    As part of a project for the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Sandia National Laboratories is developing and testing the feasibility of using of a cooperative team of robotic sentry vehicles to guard a perimeter and to perform surround and diversion tasks. This paper describes on-going activities in the development of these robotic sentry vehicles. To date, we have developed a robotic perimeter detection system which consists of eight ''Roving All Terrain Lunar Explorer Rover'' (RATLER{trademark}) vehicles, a laptop-based base-station, and several Miniature Intrusion Detection Sensors (MIDS). A radio frequency receiver on each of the RATLER vehicles alerts the sentry vehicles of alarms from the hidden MIDS. When an alarm is received, each vehicle decides whether it should investigate the alarm based on the proximity of itself and the other vehicles to the alarm. As one vehicle attends an alarm, the other vehicles adjust their position around the perimeter to better prepare for another alarm. We have also demonstrated the ability to drive multiple vehicles in formation via tele-operation or by waypoint GPS navigation. This is currently being extended to include mission planning capabilities. At the base-station, the operator can draw on an aerial map the goal regions to be surrounded and the repulsive regions to be avoided. A potential field path planner automatically generates a path from the vehicles' current position to the goal regions while avoiding the repulsive regions and the other vehicles. This path is previewed to the operator before the regions are downloaded to the vehicles. The same potential field path planner resides on the vehicle, except additional repulsive forces from on-board proximity sensors guide the vehicle away from unplanned obstacles.

  17. The Multiple Zeta Value Data Mine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Blümlein; D. J. Broadhurst; J. A. M. Vermaseren

    2009-11-14

    We provide a data mine of proven results for multiple zeta values (MZVs) of the form $\\zeta(s_1,s_2,...,s_k)=\\sum_{n_1>n_2>...>n_k>0}^\\infty \\{1/(n_1^{s_1} >... n_k^{s_k})\\}$ with weight $w=\\sum_{i=1}^k s_i$ and depth $k$ and for Euler sums of the form $\\sum_{n_1>n_2>...>n_k>0}^\\infty t\\{(\\epsilon_1^{n_1} >...\\epsilon_1 ^{n_k})/ (n_1^{s_1} ... n_k^{s_k}) \\}$ with signs $\\epsilon_i=\\pm1$. Notably, we achieve explicit proven reductions of all MZVs with weights $w\\le22$, and all Euler sums with weights $w\\le12$, to bases whose dimensions, bigraded by weight and depth, have sizes in precise agreement with the Broadhurst--Kreimer and Broadhurst conjectures. Moreover, we lend further support to these conjectures by studying even greater weights ($w\\le30$), using modular arithmetic. To obtain these results we derive a new type of relation for Euler sums, the Generalized Doubling Relations. We elucidate the "pushdown" mechanism, whereby the ornate enumeration of primitive MZVs, by weight and depth, is reconciled with the far simpler enumeration of primitive Euler sums. There is some evidence that this pushdown mechanism finds its origin in doubling relations. We hope that our data mine, obtained by exploiting the unique power of the computer algebra language {\\sc form}, will enable the study of many more such consequences of the double-shuffle algebra of MZVs, and their Euler cousins, which are already the subject of keen interest, to practitioners of quantum field theory, and to mathematicians alike.

  18. DOE Designated User Facilities Multiple Laboratories

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i pState Efficiency,Energy Newssuccessfully completedbyofDesignated

  19. Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management in the United States: What Have We Wrought? The Richard S. Hodes, M.D. Honor Lecture Award - 12222

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jacobi, Lawrence R.

    2012-07-01

    In 1979, radioactive waste disposal was an important national issue. State governors were closing the gates on the existing low-level radioactive waste disposal sites and the ultimate disposition of spent fuel was undecided. A few years later, the United States Congress thought they had solved both problems by passing the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Act of 1981, which established a network of regional compacts for low-level radioactive waste disposal, and by passing the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 to set out how a final resting place for high-level waste would be determined. Upon passage of the acts, State, Regional and Federal officials went to work. Here we are some 30 years later with little to show for our combined effort. The envisioned national repository for high-level radioactive waste has not materialized. Efforts to develop the Yucca Mountain high-level radioactive waste disposal facility were abandoned after spending $13 billion on the failed project. Recently, the Blue Ribbon Commission on America's Nuclear Future issued its draft report that correctly concludes the existing policy toward high-level nuclear waste is 'all but completely broken down'. A couple of new low-level waste disposal facilities have opened since 1981, but neither were the result of efforts under the act. What the Act has done is interject a system of interstate compacts with a byzantine interstate import and export system to complicate the handling of low-level radioactive waste, with attendant costs. As this paper is being written in the fourth-quarter of 2011, after 30 years of political and bureaucratic turmoil, a new comprehensive low-level waste disposal facility at Andrews Texas is approaching its initial operating date. The Yucca Mountain project might be completed or it might not. The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission is commencing a review of their 1981 volume reduction policy statement. The Department of Energy after 26 years has yet to figure out how to implement its obligations under the 1985 amendments to the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Act. But, the last three decades have not been a total loss. A great deal has been learned about radioactive waste disposal since 1979 and the efforts of the public and private sector have shaped and focused the work to be done in the future. So, this lecturer asks the question: 'What have we wrought?' to which he provides his perspective and his recommendations for radioactive waste management policy for the next 30 years. (author)

  20. Spin and Resonant States in QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirchbach, M

    2003-01-01

    I make the case that the nucleon excitations do not exist as isolated higher spin states but are fully absorbed by (K/2,K/2)x [(1/2,0)+(0,1/2)] multiplets taking their origin from the rotational and vibrational excitations of an underlying quark--diquark string. The Delta(1232) spectrum presents itself as the exact replica (up to Delta (1600)) of the nucleon spectrum with the K- clusters being shifted upward by about 200 MeV. QCD inspired arguments support legitimacy of the quark-diquark string. The above K multiplets can be mapped (up to form-factors) onto Lorentz group representation spaces of the type \\psi_{\\mu_1...\\mu_K}, thus guaranteeing covariant description of resonant states. The quantum \\psi_{\\mu_1...\\mu_K} states are of multiple spins at rest, and of undetermined spins elsewhere.

  1. San Francisco State University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ovchinnikov, Sergei

    San Francisco State University Multi-Hazard Emergency Operations Plan August 2014 Preparedness Response Recovery Mitigation #12;BLANK PAGE #12;Preface #12;BLANK PAGE #12;San Francisco State University.........................................................................................................vi Profile of San Francisco State University

  2. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Forest and Range symposium dealing with this subject in the western United States, the papers presented address current ........................................................................................................................................ 1 Annosus Root Disease in Europe and the Southeastern United States: Occurrence, Research

  3. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to the high value and multiple uses of isozyme technology for resolving genetic variation in forest o ...........48 Francis C. Yeh An Analysis of Genetic Architecture in Populations of Ponderosa Pine

  4. Are Quantum States Subjective?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. K. Pradhan

    2012-02-22

    The subjective nature of the quantum states is brought out and it is argued that the objective state assignment is subsequent to the subjective state of the observer regarding his state of knowledge about the system. The collapse postulate is examined in detail to bring out the inherent subjectivity of the quantum state. The role of doubt and faith in quantum state assignment is examined.

  5. Karhunen-Loeve (PCA) based detection of multiple oscillations in multiple measurement signals from large-scale process plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wickerhauser, M. Victor

    Karhunen-Lo´eve (PCA) based detection of multiple oscillations in multiple measurement signals from large-scale process plants P. F. Odgaard and M. V. Wickerhauser Abstract-- In the perspective of optimizing the control and operation of large scale process plants, it is important to detect and to locate

  6. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurapov, Alexander

    A United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station General, land management, carbon sequestration, carbon markets, United States. #12;ii Executive Summary

  7. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Intermountain Research Station General acrossthe United States provide estimates of the amount of erosion reductionon forest roadsfrom

  8. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Changlu

    United States Department of Agriculture Rural Business- Cooperative Service Research Report 157, concentration, globalization, agency theory Cooperatives in a Changing Global Food System United States

  9. Natural gas productive capacity for the lower 48 States, 1980 through 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-07-14

    The purpose of this report is to analyze monthly natural gas wellhead productive capacity in the lower 48 States from 1980 through 1992 and project this capacity from 1993 through 1995. For decades, natural gas supplies and productive capacity have been adequate to meet demand. In the 1970`s the capacity surplus was small because of market structure (split between interstate and intrastate), increasing demand, and insufficient drilling. In the early 1980`s, lower demand, together with increased drilling, led to a large surplus capacity as new productive capacity came on line. After 1986, this large surplus began to decline as demand for gas increased, gas prices fell, and gas well completions dropped sharply. In late December 1989, the decline in this surplus, accompanied by exceptionally high demand and temporary weather-related production losses, led to concerns about the adequacy of monthly productive capacity for natural gas. These concerns should have been moderated by the gas system`s performance during the unusually severe winter weather in March 1993 and January 1994. The declining trend in wellhead productive capacity is expected to be reversed in 1994 if natural gas prices and drilling meet or exceed the base case assumption. This study indicates that in the low, base, and high drilling cases, monthly productive capacity should be able to meet normal production demands through 1995 in the lower 48 States (Figure ES1). Exceptionally high peak-day or peak-week production demand might not be met because of physical limitations such as pipeline capacity. Beyond 1995, as the capacity of currently producing wells declines, a sufficient number of wells and/or imports must be added each year in order to ensure an adequate gas supply.

  10. Reducing emissions from the electricity sector: the costs and benefits nationwide and for the Empire State

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karen Palmer; Dallas Butraw; Jhih-Shyang Shih

    2005-06-15

    Using four models, this study looks at EPA's Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) as originally proposed, which differs in only small ways from the final rule issued in March 2005, coupled with several approaches to reducing emissions of mercury including one that differs in only small ways from the final rule also issued in March 2005. This study analyzes what costs and benefits each would incur to New York State and to the nation at large. Benefits to the nation and to New York State significantly outweigh the costs associated with reductions in SO{sub 2}, NOx and mercury, and all policies show dramatic net benefits. The manner in which mercury emissions are regulated will have important implications for the cost of the regulation and for emission levels for SO{sub 2} and NOx and where those emissions are located. Contrary to EPA's findings, CAIR as originally proposed by itself would not keep summer emissions of NOx from electricity generators in the SIP region below the current SIP seasonal NOx cap. In the final CAIR, EPA added a seasonal NOx cap to address seasonal ozone problems. The CAIR with the seasonal NOx cap produces higher net benefits. The effect of the different policies on the mix of fuels used to supply electricity is fairly modest under scenarios similar to the EPA's final rules. A maximum achievable control technology (MACT) approach, compared to a trading approach as the way to achieve tighter mercury targets (beyond EPA's proposal), would preserve the role of coal in electricity generation. The evaluation of scenarios with tighter mercury emission controls shows that the net benefits of a maximum achievable control technology (MACT) approach exceed the net benefits of a cap and trade approach. 39 refs., 10 figs., 30 figs., 5 apps.

  11. Multiple pass and multiple layer friction stir welding and material enhancement processes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Feng, Zhili (Knoxville, TN) [Knoxville, TN; David, Stan A. (Knoxville, TN) [Knoxville, TN; Frederick, David Alan (Harriman, TN) [Harriman, TN

    2010-07-27

    Processes for friction stir welding, typically for comparatively thick plate materials using multiple passes and multiple layers of a friction stir welding tool. In some embodiments a first portion of a fabrication preform and a second portion of the fabrication preform are placed adjacent to each other to form a joint, and there may be a groove adjacent the joint. The joint is welded and then, where a groove exists, a filler may be disposed in the groove, and the seams between the filler and the first and second portions of the fabrication preform may be friction stir welded. In some embodiments two portions of a fabrication preform are abutted to form a joint, where the joint may, for example, be a lap joint, a bevel joint or a butt joint. In some embodiments a plurality of passes of a friction stir welding tool may be used, with some passes welding from one side of a fabrication preform and other passes welding from the other side of the fabrication preform.

  12. Executive summary for assessing the near-term risk of climate uncertainty : interdependencies among the U.S. states.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loose, Verne W.; Lowry, Thomas Stephen; Malczynski, Leonard A.; Tidwell, Vincent Carroll; Stamber, Kevin Louis; Reinert, Rhonda K.; Backus, George A.; Warren, Drake E.; Zagonel, Aldo A.; Ehlen, Mark Andrew; Klise, Geoffrey T.; Vargas, Vanessa N.

    2010-04-01

    Policy makers will most likely need to make decisions about climate policy before climate scientists have resolved all relevant uncertainties about the impacts of climate change. This study demonstrates a risk-assessment methodology for evaluating uncertain future climatic conditions. We estimate the impacts of climate change on U.S. state- and national-level economic activity from 2010 to 2050. To understand the implications of uncertainty on risk and to provide a near-term rationale for policy interventions to mitigate the course of climate change, we focus on precipitation, one of the most uncertain aspects of future climate change. We use results of the climate-model ensemble from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's (IPCC) Fourth Assessment Report 4 (AR4) as a proxy for representing climate uncertainty over the next 40 years, map the simulated weather from the climate models hydrologically to the county level to determine the physical consequences on economic activity at the state level, and perform a detailed 70-industry analysis of economic impacts among the interacting lower-48 states. We determine the industry-level contribution to the gross domestic product and employment impacts at the state level, as well as interstate population migration, effects on personal income, and consequences for the U.S. trade balance. We show that the mean or average risk of damage to the U.S. economy from climate change, at the national level, is on the order of $1 trillion over the next 40 years, with losses in employment equivalent to nearly 7 million full-time jobs.

  13. A Multi-State Model for the Reliability Assessment of a Distributed Generation System via Universal Generating Function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    renewable technology (e.g. wind or solar, etc.) whose behavior is described by a binary state, working of the renewable generator (e.g. solar generator, wind turbine, and electrical vehicle aggregation) State value Multiplication operator of u-functions Wind speed Total number of discretized wind speed states Discretized wind

  14. Coronal heating in multiple magnetic threads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tam, K V; Browning, P K; Cargill, P J

    2015-01-01

    Context. Heating the solar corona to several million degrees requires the conversion of magnetic energy into thermal energy. In this paper, we investigate whether an unstable magnetic thread within a coronal loop can destabilise a neighbouring magnetic thread. Aims. By running a series of simulations, we aim to understand under what conditions the destabilisation of a single magnetic thread can also trigger a release of energy in a nearby thread. Methods. The 3D magnetohydrodynamics code, Lare3d, is used to simulate the temporal evolution of coronal magnetic fields during a kink instability and the subsequent relaxation process. We assume that a coronal magnetic loop consists of non-potential magnetic threads that are initially in an equilibrium state. Results. The non-linear kink instability in one magnetic thread forms a helical current sheet and initiates magnetic reconnection. The current sheet fragments, and magnetic energy is released throughout that thread. We find that, under certain conditions, this ...

  15. Discrimination between pure states and mixed states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chi Zhang; Guoming Wang; Mingsheng Ying

    2007-02-09

    In this paper, we discuss the problem of determining whether a quantum system is in a pure state, or in a mixed state. We apply two strategies to settle this problem: the unambiguous discrimination and the maximum confidence discrimination. We also proved that the optimal versions of both strategies are equivalent. The efficiency of the discrimination is also analyzed. This scheme also provides a method to estimate purity of quantum states, and Schmidt numbers of composed systems.

  16. Studies of multiplicity in relativistic heavy-ion collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. B. Back

    2004-11-29

    In this talk I'll review the present status of charged particle multiplicity measurements from heavy-ion collisions. The characteristic features of multiplicity distributions obtained in Au+Au collisions will be discussed in terms of collision centrality and energy and compared to those of p+p collisions. Multiplicity measurements of d+Au collisions at 200 GeV nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy will also be discussed. The results will be compared to various theoretical models and simple scaling properties of the data will be identified.

  17. State Energy Risk Assessment Initiative - State Energy Risk Profiles...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Mission Energy Infrastructure Modeling and Analysis State Energy Risk Assessment Initiative - State Energy Risk Profiles State Energy Risk Assessment Initiative - State...

  18. Novel QCD Effects from Initial and Final State Interactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brodsky, Stanley J.

    2007-09-12

    Initial-state and final-state interactions which are conventionally neglected in the parton model, have a profound effect in QCD hard-scattering reactions. The effects, which arise from gluon exchange between the active and spectator quarks, cause leading-twist single-spin asymmetries, diffractive deep inelastic scattering, diffractive hard hadronic reactions, and the breakdown of the Lam-Tung relation in Drell-Yan reactions. Diffractive deep inelastic scattering also leads to nuclear shadowing and non-universal antishadowing of nuclear structure functions through multiple scattering reactions in the nuclear target. Factorization-breaking effects are particularly important for hard hadron interactions since both initial-state and final-state interactions appear. Related factorization breaking effects can also appear in exclusive electroproduction reactions and in deeply virtual Compton scattering. None of the effects of initial-state and final-state interactions are incorporated in the light-front wavefunctions of the target hadron computed in isolation.

  19. State Renewable Energy Requirements and Goals: Update Through 2003 (released in AEO2005)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2005-01-01

    As of the end of 2003, 15 states had legislated programs to encourage the development of renewable energy for electricity generation. Of the 17 programs (two states have multiple programs), 9 are renewable portfolio standards (RPS), 4 are renewable energy mandates, and 4 are renewable energy goals.

  20. Exact distorted-wave approach to multiple-scattering theory for general potentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. L. Foulis

    2008-06-03

    We present a new approach to real-space multiple-scattering theory for molecules and clusters, based on the two-potential (distorted-wave) Lippmann-Schwinger equation formalism. Our approach uses a recently developed form [D. L. Foulis, Phys. Rev. A70, 022706 (2004)], for the partial-wave expansions of the exact time-independent single-particle Green function for a general potential, to solve exactly the scattering problem for the distorting potential. The multiple-scattering problem for the full multicenter molecular potential is then developed along familiar lines, within a partition of space consisting of non-overlapping atomic spheres, but relative to the distorting potential. To achieve this some new general Green-function re-expansion formulas are derived, as well as further developments of our earlier partial-wave expansions. Based on the division of the multicenter molecular potential into the non-singular distorting potential and a remaining singular part we develop explicitly the secular equations of our approach and prove a result concerning the symmetry of the atomic matrices. The new secular equations are similar in overall form to those of related methods, requiring coupled radial Schr\\"odinger-equation solutions for each atomic center, together with atomic-sphere surface integrals, but no volume integrals. We treat both continuum (scattering) states and bound states within the same framework, and consider also the case of an outer sphere.

  1. Colorado State University Colorado State University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to promote the liberal and practical education of the industrial classes in the several pursuits medicine. Colorado State University has a unique mission in the state of Colorado. The land-grant concept global environment, and has a commitment to excellence in international education in all its

  2. Orientation Estimation for Multiple Large Fractures by Scattering Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Yang

    2006-01-01

    We have done the numerical modeling of seismic response to multiple sets of vertical large fractures by using finite-difference method (FD), which can easily handle media with monoclinic anisotropy. We consider three types ...

  3. Multiplexed photography : single-exposure capture of multiple camera settings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Green, Paul Elijah

    2009-01-01

    The space of camera settings is large and individual settings can vary dramatically from scene to scene. This thesis explores methods for capturing and manipulating multiple camera settings in a single exposure. Multiplexing ...

  4. LOCALIZATION OF MULTIPLE TYPES OF JET NOISE SOURCES Dimitri Papamoschou

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papamoschou, Dimitri

    source location using cross-correlations of multiple microphone signals was established by Billingsley was extended by Lee et al.6 who conducted a parametric study of noise source distribution versus jet

  5. Optimal Multiple Description Transform Coding of Gaussian Vectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goyal, Vivek K

    after the inception of information theory, techniques for source and chan- nel coding developed- ination of Shannon's result leads to the primary motivating factor for constructing joint source IEEE Includes minor corrections. Abstract Multiple description coding (MDC) is source coding

  6. Chaos anti-synchronization in multiple time delay power systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elman Shahverdiev

    2015-09-20

    We elucidate conditions for chaos anti-synchronization between two uni-directionally coupled multiple time delay power systems. The results are of some importance to prevent power black-out in the entire power grid.

  7. Real-Time Networked Control with Multiple Clients 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Minhyung

    2010-01-14

    In this thesis closed-loop control strategies over a communication network with multiple clients are developed. To accomplish this objective, a steel-ball magnetic-levitation system, a DC motor speed-control system, and ...

  8. U-171: DeltaV Products Multiple Vulnerabilities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Multiple vulnerabilities have been reported in DeltaV products, which can be exploited by malicious people to conduct cross-site scripting attacks, SQL injection attacks, cause a DoS (Denial of Service), and compromise a vulnerable system.

  9. Multiple scattering of classical waves: microscopy, mesoscopy, and diffusion 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Rossum, Mark; Nieuwenhuizen, Th.M

    1999-01-01

    A tutorial discussion of the propagation of waves in random media is presented. To a first approximation the transport of the multiple scattered waves is given by diffusion theory, but important corrections are presented. ...

  10. Intensity Distributions of Waves Transmitted through a Multiple Scattering Medium 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Rossum, Mark; Nieuwenhuizen, Th.M

    1995-04-03

    The distributions of the angular transmission coefficient and of the total transmission are calculated for multiple scattered waves. The calculation is based on a mapping to the known distrribution of eigenvalues of the ...

  11. Contact with dogs, canine distemper virus, and multiple sclerosis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutka, Marcus Dietrich

    1999-01-01

    A case-control study of 28 multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and 23 other neurological disease (OND) controls matched on age, sex, and clinic location, was conducted to evaluate the possible effects of selected viral infections on the development...

  12. Information processing speed and attention in multiple sclerosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roth, Alexandra K.

    2013-05-31

    Information processing speed is frequently recognized as the primary cognitive impairment in multiple sclerosis (MS). Recent studies have also reported attention deficits in MS patients compared to healthy controls based on the Attention Network...

  13. Behavioral/Systems/Cognitive Embedding Multiple Trajectories in Simulated Recurrent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buonomano, Dean

    Behavioral/Systems/Cognitive Embedding Multiple Trajectories in Simulated Recurrent Neural Networks can be embedded in the network; and (2) the structure of the network became progressively more complex

  14. Discovering structure of data to create multiple perspective visualization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yao, 1978-

    2004-01-01

    The goal of visualization is to help human understand, reason, and learn better and quicker. In pursuit of this goal, this thesis presents an architecture for intelligent visualization systems, which supports multiple ...

  15. Phenomenology of COMPASS data: multiplicities and Phenomenology - part II

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anselmino, Mauro [TURIN; Boglione, Mariaelena [TURIN; Gonzalez H., J.O. [TORINO; Melis, Stefano [TURIN; Prokudin, Alexey [JLAB

    2015-01-01

    We present some of the main features of the multidimensional COMPASS multiplicities, via our analysis using the simple Gaussian model. We briefly discuss these results in connection with azimuthal asymmetries.

  16. Coupled Dynamic Analysis of Multiple Unit Floating Offshore Wind Turbine 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bae, Yoon Hyeok

    2013-04-23

    In the present study, a numerical simulation tool has been developed for the rotor-floater-tether coupled dynamic analysis of Multiple Unit Floating Offshore Wind Turbine (MUFOWT) in the time domain including aero-blade-tower dynamics and control...

  17. Addressing the challenges of families with multiple risks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanson, Marci J.; Carta, Judith J.

    1995-01-01

    For a significant segment of the population, the challenges faced by families are multiple and constitute risks for the children and other family members. The changing structures and characteristics of the American family are reviewed...

  18. The 1995 ABBOT LVCSR system for multiple unknown microphones 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kershaw, Dan; Robinson, Tony; Renals, Steve

    of the phone classes, which are used as observation probabilities within an HMM. This paper describes the system which participated in the November 1995 ARPA Hub-3 multiple unknown microphones (MUM) evaluation of continuous speech recognition systems, under...

  19. Wind Power Forecasting Error Distributions over Multiple Timescales: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hodge, B. M.; Milligan, M.

    2011-03-01

    In this paper, we examine the shape of the persistence model error distribution for ten different wind plants in the ERCOT system over multiple timescales. Comparisons are made between the experimental distribution shape and that of the normal distribution.

  20. Low-multiplicity Burst Search at the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Min

    Results are reported from a search for low-multiplicity neutrino bursts in the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory. Such bursts could indicate the detection of a nearby core-collapse supernova explosion. The data were taken from ...

  1. A Common Theory of Information Fusion from Multiple Text Sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Common Theory of Information Fusion from Multiple Text Sources Step One: Cross-Document Structure families in the Northeast hit hard by this year's cold weather and the soaring cost of home heating oil

  2. V-096: Mozilla Thunderbird / SeaMonkey Multiple Vulnerabilities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A weakness and multiple vulnerabilities have been reported in Mozilla Thunderbird and SeaMonkey, which can be exploited by malicious people to disclose potentially sensitive information, conduct spoofing attacks, bypass certain security restrictions, and compromise a user's system.

  3. Contributed Paper Climate Change, Multiple Stressors, and the Decline

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rohr, Jason

    , critical thermal maxima, global warming, pollution, toxicity Cambio Clim´atico, Estresantes M´ultiples y la that climate change within the noncritical range of species and pollution may reduce individual performance

  4. Fast multiple gene fragment ligation method based on homologous recombination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Ruiyan

    2010-10-31

    With the established BioBrick Assembly standards, ligation of different parts has to be accomplished step by step. It can be time-consuming when dealing with multiple fragment ligation. BBF RFC 62 is developed aimed at ...

  5. Stochastic Steepest Descent Optimization of Multiple-Objective ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-05-02

    May 9, 2012 ... show how proper incorporation of noise in the search process can get us out of ... Index Terms—Mobile sensor network, multiple-objective opti- mization ..... riphery

  6. Phenomenology of COMPASS data: Multiplicities and phenomenology - part II

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Anselmino, M.; Boglione, M.; Gonzalez H., J. O.; Melis, S.; Prokudin, A.

    2015-01-23

    In this study, we present some of the main features of the multidimensional COMPASS multiplicities, via our analysis using the simple Gaussian model. We briefly discuss these results in connection with azimuthal asymmetries.

  7. Identification of critical locations across multiple infrastructures for terrorist actions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patterson, Sean A. (Sean Albert), 1981-

    2005-01-01

    This paper discusses a possible approach to ranking geographic regions that can influence multiple infrastructures. Once ranked, decision makers can determine whether these regions are critical locations based on their ...

  8. Ergodic Secret Alignment for the Fading Multiple Access Wiretap Channel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulukus, Sennur

    Ergodic Secret Alignment for the Fading Multiple Access Wiretap Channel Raef Bassily Sennur Ulukus a technique (on top of Gaussian signaling) that uses the power of a non-transmitting node in jamming

  9. Multiple Query Probabilistic Roadmap Planning using Single Query Planning Primitives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Brian Y.

    Multiple Query Probabilistic Roadmap Planning using Single Query Planning Primitives Kostas E query planners. Our implementation uses a probabilistic roadmap method (PRM) with bidirec- tional the strengths of both is obtained. The probabilistic roadmap method (PRM) approach to motion planning

  10. Time-Dependent Capital Budgeting with Multiple Criteria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klamroth, Kathrin

    of attention by economists, management scientists, industrial engineers, operations researchers et al. 8 . More recent papers proposed multiple criteria capital budgeting mod- els extended such as transportation planning, conservation biology, packaging and loading. The bi-criteria knapsack problem BCKP

  11. Energy and Isotope Dependence of Neutron Multiplicity Distributions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. P. Lestone

    2014-09-17

    Fission neutron multiplicity distributions are known to be well reproduced by simple Gaussian distributions. Many previous evaluations of multiplicity distributions have adjusted the widths of Gaussian distributions to best fit the measured multiplicity distributions Pn. However, many observables do not depend on the detailed shape of Pn, but depend on the first three factorial moments of the distributions. In the present evaluation, the widths of Gaussians are adjusted to fit the measured 2nd and 3rd factorial moments. The relationships between the first three factorial moments are estimated assuming that the widths of the multiplicity distributions are independent of the initial excitation energy of the fissioning system. These simple calculations are in good agreement with experimental neutron induced fission data up to an incoming neutron energy of 10 MeV.

  12. Multiple Instrument Distributed Aperture Sensor (MIDAS) For Planetary Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcus, Philip S.

    Multiple Instrument Distributed Aperture Sensor (MIDAS) For Planetary Remote Sensing Joe Pitman An innovative approach that enables greatly increased return from planetary science remote sensing missions as the primary remote sensing science payload, thereby reducing the cost, resources, complexity, integration

  13. Variations on the Gaussian Multiple-Access Channel Alfonso Martinez

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    energy channel (AE-Q). The alternative models we study are non-coherent, in the sense that information channel, including a multiple-access sce- nario, was studied by Verd´u [1]. We establish a correspondence

  14. Reverse time migration of multiples for subsalt imaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Yike

    Some hydrocarbon reservoirs are trapped beneath salt bodies, where seismic imaging is greatly challenged due to poor illumination. Multiple reflections have different propagation wave paths from primary reflections and ...

  15. Higher Moments of Net Proton Multiplicity Distributions at RHIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balewski, Jan T.

    We report the first measurements of the kurtosis (? [kappa]), skewness (S), and variance (? [sigma] [superscript 2]) of net-proton multiplicity (N [subscript p]-N [subscript p?] ) distributions at midrapidity for Au+Au ...

  16. Analysis Of Multiple Scattering At Vesuvius Volcano, Italy, Using...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Of Multiple Scattering At Vesuvius Volcano, Italy, Using Data Of The Tomoves Active Seismic Experiment Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal...

  17. Septic Systems in the Coastal Environment: Multiple Water Quality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mallin, Michael

    ....................................................... 82 4.2 Septic System Pollutants and Treatment Processes4 Septic Systems in the Coastal Environment: Multiple Water Quality Problems in Many Areas Michael .................................................................. 82 4.3 Septic Systems and Fecal Microbial Pollution

  18. High mass throughput particle generation using multiple nozzle spraying

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pui, David Y. H. (Plymouth, MN); Chen, Da-Ren (Creve Coeur, MO)

    2009-03-03

    Spraying apparatus and methods that employ multiple nozzle structures for producing multiple sprays of particles, e.g., nanoparticles, for various applications, e.g., pharmaceuticals, are provided. For example, an electrospray dispensing device may include a plurality of nozzle structures, wherein each nozzle structure is separated from adjacent nozzle structures by an internozzle distance. Sprays of particles are established from the nozzle structures by creating a nonuniform electrical field between the nozzle structures and an electrode electrically isolated therefrom.

  19. Geodesic multiplication and quantum kinematics in a Newtonian spacetime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piret Kuusk

    1999-06-23

    We consider a quantum test particle in the background of a Newtonian gravitational field in the framework of Cartan's formulation of nonrelativistic spacetimes. We have proposed a novel quantization of a point particle which amounts to introducing its position operators as multiplication with the corresponding Riemann normal coordinates and momentum operators as infinitesimal right translation operators determined by geodesic multiplication of points of the spacetime. We present detailed calculations for the simplest model of a two-dimensional Newtonian spacetime.

  20. High mass throughput particle generation using multiple nozzle spraying

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pui, David Y. H.; Chen, Da-Ren

    2015-06-09

    Spraying apparatus and methods that employ multiple nozzle structures for producing multiple sprays of particles, e.g., nanoparticles, for various applications, e.g., pharmaceuticals, are provided. For example, an electrospray dispensing device may include a plurality of nozzle structures, wherein each nozzle structure is separated from adjacent nozzle structures by an internozzle distance. Sprays of particles are established from the nozzle structures by creating a nonuniform electrical field between the nozzle structures and an electrode electrically isolated therefrom.

  1. Extramedullary progression of multiple myeloma despite concomitant medullary response to multiple combination therapies and autologous transplant: a case report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, Anup Kasi Loknarth; Dakhil, Christopher; Satyan, Megha Teeka; Haideri, Nisreen

    2014-09-08

    Introduction Extramedullary myeloma that occurs during the clinical course of multiple myeloma is rare but is an independent poor prognostic factor with mortality of 73% and median survival of 12 months despite aggressive therapies including novel...

  2. Multiple regression models: A methodology for evaluating trihalomethane concentrations in drinking water from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arhonditsis, George B.

    Multiple regression models: A methodology for evaluating trihalomethane concentrations in drinking of these substances on human health. A multiple regression model was developed to estimate THM concentrations Science Ltd. All rights reserved. Keywords: Multiple regression model; Trihalomethanes; Drinking water

  3. A "Candidate-Interactome" Aggregate Analysis of Genome-Wide Association Data in Multiple Sclerosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    Vukusic S (2001) Vaccines in multiple sclerosis study group.risk of relapses in multiple sclerosis. N Engl J Med; 344:and the risk of multiple sclerosis N Engl J Med 344: 327–

  4. Precision medicine in chronic disease management: The multiple sclerosis BioScreen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-01-01

    Disease Management: The Multiple Sclerosis BioScreen Pierre-unpredictable disease like multiple sclerosis? Eur J NeurolHL. The challenge of multiple sclerosis: how do we cure a

  5. Reduction of CD8(+) T lymphocytes in multiple sclerosis patients treated with dimethyl fumarate.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spencer, CM; Crabtree-Hartman, EC; Lehmann-Horn, K; Cree, BA; Zamvil, SS

    2015-01-01

    1 T lymphocytes in multiple sclerosis patients treated withTecfidera) treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS) on leukocyte1) and US National Multiple Sclerosis Society (FG 2067-A-1).

  6. Dissipative production of a maximally entangled steady state

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. Lin; J. P. Gaebler; F. Reiter; T. R. Tan; R. Bowler; A. S. Sørensen; D. Leibfried; D. J. Wineland

    2013-07-16

    Entangled states are a key resource in fundamental quantum physics, quantum cryp-tography, and quantum computation [1].To date, controlled unitary interactions applied to a quantum system, so-called "quantum gates", have been the most widely used method to deterministically create entanglement [2]. These processes require high-fidelity state preparation as well as minimizing the decoherence that inevitably arises from coupling between the system and the environment and imperfect control of the system parameters. Here, on the contrary, we combine unitary processes with engineered dissipation to deterministically produce and stabilize an approximate Bell state of two trapped-ion qubits independent of their initial state. While previous works along this line involved the application of sequences of multiple time-dependent gates [3] or generated entanglement of atomic ensembles dissipatively but relied on a measurement record for steady-state entanglement [4], we implement the process in a continuous time-independent fashion, analogous to optical pumping of atomic states. By continuously driving the system towards steady-state, the entanglement is stabilized even in the presence of experimental noise and decoherence. Our demonstration of an entangled steady state of two qubits represents a step towards dissipative state engineering, dissipative quantum computation, and dissipative phase transitions [5-7]. Following this approach, engineered coupling to the environment may be applied to a broad range of experimental systems to achieve desired quantum dynamics or steady states. Indeed, concurrently with this work, an entangled steady state of two superconducting qubits was demonstrated using dissipation [8].

  7. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station Research, and export from 1997 to 2010, for main world regions and the United States. Detailed tables by country

  8. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Northeastern Research Station Research Paper-Central United States (Monserud and Ek 1977; Monserud 1987). This model was used within the framework of FOREST

  9. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates for U.S. Field Crops million acres of barley were harvested in the United States (U.S.) during 1996. After reaching a peak

  10. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station Research, import, and export from 1997 to 2010, for main world regions and the United States. Detailed tables

  11. Presentation title: This can be up to 2 lines

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    December 7, 2015 Regulation AEO2015 Assumption AEO2016 Assumption Comment Cross State Air Pollution Rule- CSAPR (SO 2 NOx) Clean Air Interstate Rule Will model CSAPR Mercury...

  12. Carrier Multiplication in Semiconductor Nanocrystals: Theoretical Screening of Candidate Materials Based on Band-Structure Effects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luo, J. W.; Franceschetti, A.; Zunger, A.

    2008-01-01

    Direct carrier multiplication (DCM) occurs when a highly excited electron-hole pair decays by transferring its excess energy to the electrons rather than to the lattice, possibly exciting additional electron-hole pairs. Atomistic electronic structure calculations have shown that DCM can be induced by electron-hole Coulomb interactions, in an impact-ionization-like process whose rate is proportional to the density of biexciton states {rho}{sub XX}. Here we introduce a DCM 'figure of merit' R{sub 2}(E) which is proportional to the ratio between the biexciton density of states {rho}{sub XX} and the single-exciton density of states {rho}{sub x}, restricted to single-exciton and biexciton states that are coupled by Coulomb interactions. Using R{sub 2}(E), we consider GaAs, InAs, InP, GaSb, InSb, CdSe, Ge, Si, and PbSe nanocrystals of different sizes. Although DCM can be affected by both quantum-confinement effects (reflecting the underly electronic structure of the confined dot-interior states) and surface effects, here we are interested to isolate the former. To this end the nanocrystal energy levels are obtained from the corresponding bulk band structure via the truncated crystal approximation. We find that PbSe, Si, GaAs, CdSe, and InP nanocrystals have larger DCM figure of merit than the other nanocrystals. Our calculations suggest that high DCM efficiency requires high degeneracy of the corresponding bulk band-edge states. Interestingly, by considering band structure effects we find that as the dot size increases the DCM critical energy E{sub 0} (the energy at which R{sub 2}(E) becomes {ge}1) is reduced, suggesting improved DCM. However, whether the normalized E{sub 0}/{var_epsilon}{sub g} increases or decreases as the dot size increases depends on dot material.

  13. Multiple Events Lead to Dendritic Spine Loss in Triple Transgenic Alzheimer's Disease Mice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    amyloid deposition leads to local synaptic abnormalities andMultiple Events Lead to Dendritic Spine Loss in Tripleal. (2010) Multiple Events Lead to Dendritic Spine Loss in

  14. T-673: Apple Safari Multiple Flaws Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    3: Apple Safari Multiple Flaws Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code, Conduct Cross-Site Scripting Attacks T-673: Apple Safari Multiple Flaws Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary...

  15. MELTING OF GLASS BATCH: MODEL FOR MULTIPLE OVERLAPPING GAS-EVOLVING...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Journal Article: MELTING OF GLASS BATCH: MODEL FOR MULTIPLE OVERLAPPING GAS-EVOLVING REACTIONS Citation Details In-Document Search Title: MELTING OF GLASS BATCH: MODEL FOR MULTIPLE...

  16. A CD45 Polymorphism Associated with Multiple Sclerosis Disrupts an Exonic Splicing Silencer*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharp, Kim

    A CD45 Polymorphism Associated with Multiple Sclerosis Disrupts an Exonic Splicing Silencer multiple sclerosis. In this study we investigated the mechanism by which the polymor- phism enhances

  17. V-230: IBM TRIRIGA Application Platform Multiple Cross-Site Scripting...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    0: IBM TRIRIGA Application Platform Multiple Cross-Site Scripting Vulnerabilities V-230: IBM TRIRIGA Application Platform Multiple Cross-Site Scripting Vulnerabilities August 29,...

  18. Fast Sparse Matrix and Sparse Vector Multiplication Algorithm on the GPU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Carl; Wang, Yangzihao; Owens, John D.

    2015-01-01

    multiplication of hypersparse matrices,” in IEEE Interna-from parallel sparse matrices,” in Applied Parallelblock for sparse matrix sparse matrix multiplication. Buluc¸

  19. V-069: BlackBerry Tablet OS Adobe Flash Player and Samba Multiple...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    OS Adobe Flash Player and Samba Multiple Vulnerabilities PLATFORM: BlackBerry Tablet Software versions 2.1.0.1032 and prior. ABSTRACT: Multiple vulnerabilities have been reported...

  20. Multiple scattering effects on heavy meson production in p+A...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Multiple scattering effects on heavy meson production in p+A collisions at backward rapidity Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Multiple scattering effects on heavy meson...

  1. Fusing Multiple Reprocessings of Signal Data Frank Klassner Victor Lesser Hamid Nawaby

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Fusing Multiple Reprocessings of Signal Data Frank Klassner Victor Lesser Hamid Nawaby Computer, what is needed is the structured fusion of data from multiple applications of SPAs (reprocessings

  2. Fusing Multiple Reprocessings of Signal Data Frank Klassner Victor Lesser Hamid Nawaby

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klassner, Frank

    Fusing Multiple Reprocessings of Signal Data Frank Klassner Victor Lesser Hamid Nawaby Computer, what is needed is the structured fusion of data from multiple applications of SPAs reprocessings

  3. States & Emerging Energy Technologies

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This presentation, given through the DOE's Technical Assitance Program (TAP), provides information on States & Emerging Energy Technologies.

  4. AASG STATE GDR

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    003198MLTPL00 AASG State Geothermal Data Repository for the National Geothermal Data System.  http://repository.stategeothermaldata.org/repository/ 

  5. Oil and gas technology transfer activities and potential in eight major producing states. Volume 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-07-01

    In 1990, the Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission (the Compact) performed a study that identified the structure and deficiencies of the system by which oil and gas producers receive information about the potential of new technologies and communicate their problems and technology needs back to the research community. The conclusions of that work were that major integrated companies have significantly more and better sources of technology information than independent producers. The majors also have significantly better mechanisms for communicating problems to the research and development (R&D) community. As a consequence, the Compact recommended analyzing potential mechanisms to improve technology transfer channels for independents and to accelerate independents acceptance and use of existing and emerging technologies. Building on this work, the Compact, with a grant from the US Department Energy, has reviewed specific technology transfer organizations in each of eight major oil producing states to identify specific R&D and technology transfer organizations, characterize their existing activities, and identify potential future activities that could be performed to enhance technology transfer to oil and gas producers. The profiles were developed based on information received from organizations,follow-up interviews, site visit and conversations, and participation in their sponsored technology transfer activities. The results of this effort are reported in this volume. In addition, the Compact has also developed a framework for the development of evaluation methodologies to determine the effectiveness of technology transfer programs in performing their intended functions and in achieving desired impacts impacts in the producing community. The results of that work are provided in a separate volume.

  6. Genetic variation in the odorant receptors family 13 and the MHC loci influence mate selection in a Multiple Sclerosis dataset

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    file 9: Table S7. Multiple-Sclerosis-associated SNPs.11 SNPs associated with multiple sclerosis. After correctionIMSGC: Risk alleles for multiple sclerosis identified by a

  7. Retinal axonal loss begins early in the course of multiple sclerosis and is similar between progressive phenotypes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gelfand, JM; Goodin, DS; Boscardin, WJ; Nolan, R; Cuneo, A; Green, AJ

    2012-01-01

    disease subtype in multiple sclerosis. Neurology 69: 2085–layer atrophy between multiple sclerosis subtypes. J Neurolnerve fiber layer in multiple sclerosis. High resolution

  8. Smaller cornu ammonis 2-3/dentate gyrus volumes and elevated cortisol in multiple sclerosis patients with depressive symptoms.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    and elevated cortisol in multiple sclerosis patients withNancy L Sicotte 1,2 Multiple Sclerosis Program, Departmentwords: relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis – depression –

  9. Sustainability Cal State Fullerton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    Sustainability at Cal State Fullerton A Report from the Sustainability Initiative Study Group October 28, 2008 #12;Sustainability at Cal State Fullerton A Report from the Sustainability Initiative Safety Sally Yassine Contracts & Procurement #12;Sustainability at Cal State Fullerton A Report from

  10. FISHERY STATISTICS UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1972 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 66 Prepared by STATISTICS;ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The data in this edition of "Fishery Statistics of the United States" were collected in co- operation with the various States and tabulated by the staff of the Statistics and Market News Division

  11. Engineering United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bledsoe, Brian

    Schultze, State Biologist, SCS, Davis, CA Arthur Sherman, Wetland Ecologist, ManTech Env. Technology, Inc., EPA Environmental Research Laboratory, Corvallis, OR Bob Snieckus, Landscape Architect, SCS, Davis, CA Wayne Talbot, Assistant State Conservation Engineer, SCS, Alexandria, LA Bill Welker, State Biologist

  12. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Northeastern Research Station General Estimates for Forest Types of the United States James E. Smith Linda S. Heath Kenneth E. Skog Richard A forest types within 10 regions of the United States. Separate tables were developed for afforestation

  13. United States of Agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Research Station General,000 xylem resin samples of pine (Pinus) species and hybrids--largely from the western United States locations in the eastern and southern United States. Cover Image: Chapter 6, Figure 6-2. #12;Xylem

  14. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holberton, Rebecca L.

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Northeastern Research Station General Technical Report NE-318 Atlas of Climate Change Effects in 150 Bird Species of the Eastern United States Service 359 Main Road Delaware, OH 43015 USA #12;United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service

  15. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Northeastern Research Station Research Paper NE-722 James E. Smith Linda S. Heath A Model of Forest Floor Carbon Mass for United States Forest contiguous United States. Manuscript received for publication 22 April 2002 #12;A Model of Forest Floor

  16. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Southern Research Station General Technical United States. In: Rauscher, H. Michael, and Kurt Johnsen, eds. Southern forest science: past, present Trends in the Southern United States Robert A. Mickler, James E. Smith, and Linda S. Heath1 Abstract

  17. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Northeastern Research Station General reported in USDA Forest Service surveys for forests of the conterminous United States. Developed for use estimates are provided for regional tree-mass totals using summary forest statistics for the United States

  18. United States Nuclear Regulatory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission United States Department of Energy United States.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Washington, DC 20555-0001 E-mail: DISTRIBUTION@nrc.gov Facsimile: 301; and Commission papers and their attachments. NRC publications in the NUREG series, NRC regulations, and Title 10

  19. Fourth Generation Bound States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koji Ishiwata; Mark B. Wise

    2011-05-25

    We investigate the spectrum and wave functions of {\\bar q}'q' bound states for heavy fourth generation quarks (q') that have a very small mixing with the three observed generations of standard model quarks. Such bound states come with different color, spin and flavor quantum numbers. Since the fourth generation Yukawa coupling, \\lambda_{q'}, is large we include all perturbative corrections to the potential between the heavy quark and antiquark of order \\lambda_{q'}^2N_c/16\\pi^2 where N_c is the number of colors, as well as relativistic corrections suppressed by (v/c)^2. We find that the lightest fourth generation quark masses for which a bound state exists for color octet states. For the the color singlet states, which always have a bound state, we analyze the influence that the Higgs couplings have on the size and binding energy of the bound states.

  20. Spatial Disaggregation of CO2 Emissions for the State of California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    de la Rue du Can, Stephane; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Wenzel, Tom; Fischer, Marc

    2008-06-11

    This report allocates California's 2004 statewide carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from fuel combustion to the 58 counties in the state. The total emissions are allocated to counties using several different methods, based on the availability of data for each sector. Data on natural gas use in all sectors are available by county. Fuel consumption by power and combined heat and power generation plants is available for individual plants. Bottom-up models were used to distribute statewide fuel sales-based CO2 emissions by county for on-road vehicles, aircraft, and watercraft. All other sources of CO2 emissions were allocated to counties based on surrogates for activity. CO2 emissions by sector were estimated for each county, as well as for the South Coast Air Basin. It is important to note that emissions from some sources, notably electricity generation, were allocated to counties based on where the emissions were generated, rather than where the electricity was actually consumed. In addition, several sources of CO2 emissions, such as electricity generated in and imported from other states and international marine bunker fuels, were not included in the analysis. California Air Resource Board (CARB) does not include CO2 emissions from interstate and international air travel, in the official California greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory, so those emissions were allocated to counties for informational purposes only. Los Angeles County is responsible for by far the largest CO2 emissions from combustion in the state: 83 Million metric tonnes (Mt), or 24percent of total CO2 emissions in California, more than twice that of the next county (Kern, with 38 Mt, or 11percent of statewide emissions). The South Coast Air Basin accounts for 122 MtCO2, or 35percent of all emissions from fuel combustion in the state. The distribution of emissions by sector varies considerably by county, with on-road motor vehicles dominating most counties, but large stationary sources and rail travel dominating in other counties.The CO2 emissions data by county and source are available upon request.

  1. Engineering multiple properties of a protein by combinatorial mutagenesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sandberg, W.S. (Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States)); Terwilliger, T.C. (Los Alamos National Laboratory, NM (United States))

    1993-09-15

    A method for simultaneously engineering multiple properties of a protein, based on the observed additivity of effects of individual mutations, is presented. The authors show that, for the gene V protein of bacteriophage f1, effects of double mutations on both protein stability and DNA binding affinity are approximately equal to the sums of the effects of the constituent single mutations. This additivity of effects implies that it is possible to deliberately construct mutant proteins optimized for multiple properties by combination of appropriate single mutations chosen from a characterized library. 45 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

  2. Multiple Higgs-Portal and Gauge-Kinetic Mixings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Y. Choi; C. Englert; P. M. Zerwas

    2013-10-29

    We develop a phenomenological formalism for mixing effects between the Standard Model and hidden-sector fields, motivated by dark matter in the Universe as well as string theories. The scheme includes multiple Higgs-portal interactions in the scalar sector as well as multiple gauge-kinetic mixings in the abelian gauge sector. While some of the mixing effects can be cast in closed form, other elements can be controlled analytically only by means of perturbative expansions in the ratio of standard scales over large hidden scales. Higgs and vector-boson masses and mixings are illustrated numerically for characteristic processes.

  3. Gauge Symmetry and Supersymmetry of Multiple M2-Branes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jonathan Bagger; Neil Lambert

    2007-12-20

    In previous work we proposed a field theory model for multiple M2-branes based on an algebra with a totally antisymmetric triple product. In this paper we gauge a symmetry that arises from the algebra's triple product. We then construct a supersymmetric theory that is consistent with all the symmetries expected of a multiple M2-brane theory: 16 supersymmetries, conformal invariance, and an SO(8) R-symmetry that acts on the eight transverse scalars. The gauge field is not dynamical. The result is a new type of maximally supersymmetric gauge theory in three dimensions.

  4. Using Multiple Unmanned Systems for a Site Security Task

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matthew O. Anderson; Curtis W. Nielsen; Mark D. McKay; Derek C. Wadsworth; Ryan C. Hruska; John A. Koudelka

    2009-04-01

    Unmanned systems are often used to augment the ability of humans to perform challenging tasks. While the value of individual unmanned vehicles have been proven for a variety of tasks, it is less understood how multiple unmanned systems should be used together to accomplish larger missions such as site security. The purpose of this paper is to discuss efforts by researchers at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) to explore the utility and practicality of operating multiple unmanned systems for a site security mission. This paper reviews the technology developed for a multi-agent mission and summarizes the lessons-learned from a technology demonstration.

  5. State Opportunities for Action: Update of States' CHP Activities...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Opportunities for Action: Update of States' CHP Activities (ACEEE), October 2003 State Opportunities for Action: Update of States' CHP Activities (ACEEE), October 2003 This 2003...

  6. State Clean Energy Policies Analysis (SCEPA): State Policy and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    State Clean Energy Policies Analysis (SCEPA): State Policy and the Pursuit of Renewable Energy Manufacturing Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: State Clean...

  7. State and Local Code Implementation: State Energy Officials ...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    State Energy Officials - 2014 BTO Peer Review State and Local Code Implementation: State Energy Officials - 2014 BTO Peer Review Presenter: Chris Wagner, National Association of...

  8. DOE, States Seek Closer Collaboration on Oil and Gas Supply and Delivery, Climate Change Mitigation

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    An agreement aimed at improving cooperation and collaboration in the areas of oil and natural gas supply, delivery, and climate change mitigation, has been signed by the U.S. Department of Energy and the Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission (IOGCC).

  9. State Technologies Advancement Collaborative

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David S. Terry

    2012-01-30

    The U. S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Association of State Energy Officials (NASEO), and Association of State Energy Research and Technology Transfer Institutions (ASERTTI) signed an intergovernmental agreement on November 14, 2002, that allowed states and territories and the Federal Government to better collaborate on energy research, development, demonstration and deployment (RDD&D) projects. The agreement established the State Technologies Advancement Collaborative (STAC) which allowed the states and DOE to move RDD&D forward using an innovative competitive project selection and funding process. A cooperative agreement between DOE and NASEO served as the contracting instrument for this innovative federal-state partnership obligating funds from DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy and Office of Fossil Energy to plan, fund, and implement RDD&D projects that were consistent with the common priorities of the states and DOE. DOE's Golden Field Office provided Federal oversight and guidance for the STAC cooperative agreement. The STAC program was built on the foundation of prior Federal-State efforts to collaborate on and engage in joint planning for RDD&D. Although STAC builds on existing, successful programs, it is important to note that it was not intended to replace other successful joint DOE/State initiatives such as the State Energy Program or EERE Special Projects. Overall the STAC process was used to fund, through three competitive solicitations, 35 successful multi-state research, development, deployment, and demonstration projects with an overall average non-federal cost share of 43%. Twenty-two states were awarded at least one prime contract, and organizations in all 50 states and some territories were involved as subcontractors in at least one STAC project. Projects were funded in seven program areas: (1) Building Technologies, (2) Industrial Technologies, (3) Transportation Technologies, (4) Distributed Energy Resources, (5) Hydrogen Technology Learning Centers, (6) Fossil Energy, and (7) Rebuild America.

  10. Proton-proton multiplicity distributions at LHC and the Pomeron intercept

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Capella; E. G. Ferreiro

    2013-01-15

    We compute the proton-proton multiplicity distributions at LHC energies in the framework of a multiple scattering model assuming a Poisson distribution for each inelastic collision. Multiple scattering is essential to broaden the multiplicity distribution. We obtain approximate KNO scaling for small pseudo-rapidity intervals ($|\\eta | < 0.5$) and sizable KNO scaling violations for larger ones, in agreement with experiment.

  11. A new method for quantitative analysis of multiple scelerosis using MR images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    analysis of multiple sclerosis (MS) was presented. An automatic self-adaptive image segmentation algorithm Analysis, Multipl Sclerosis, Brain Atrophy 1. INTRODUCTION Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most commonA new method for quantitative analysis of multiple scelerosis using MR images Dongqing Chen*a , Wei

  12. Influence of Multiple Scattering on High-energy Deuteron Quasi-optical Birefringence Effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. G. Baryshevsky; A. R. Shyrvel

    2011-01-12

    Influence of multiple scattering on high-energy deuteron quasi-optical birefringence effect is discussed.

  13. Assessment of Offshore Wind Energy Resources for the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schwartz, M.; Heimiller, D.; Haymes, S.; Musial, W.

    2010-06-01

    This report summarizes the offshore wind resource potential for the contiguous United States and Hawaii as of May 2009. The development of this assessment has evolved over multiple stages as new regional meso-scale assessments became available, new validation data was obtained, and better modeling capabilities were implemented. It is expected that further updates to the current assessment will be made in future reports.

  14. Magnetohydrostatic equilibrium. II. Three-dimensional multiple open magnetic flux tubes in the stratified solar atmosphere

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gent, F. A.; Erdélyi, R. [SP"2RC, School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Sheffield, S3 7RH (United Kingdom); Fedun, V., E-mail: f.gent@shef.ac.uk [Space Systems Laboratory, Department of Automatic Control and Systems Engineering, University of Sheffield, S1 3JD (United Kingdom)

    2014-07-01

    A system of multiple open magnetic flux tubes spanning the solar photosphere and lower corona is modeled analytically, within a realistic stratified atmosphere subject to solar gravity. This extends results for a single magnetic flux tube in magnetohydrostatic equilibrium, described in Gent et al. Self-similar magnetic flux tubes are combined to form magnetic structures, which are consistent with high-resolution observations. The observational evidence supports the existence of strands of open flux tubes and loops persisting in a relatively steady state. Self-similar magnetic flux tubes, for which an analytic solution to the plasma density and pressure distribution is possible, are combined. We calculate the appropriate balancing forces, applying to the equations of momentum and energy conservation to preserve equilibrium. Multiplex flux tube configurations are observed to remain relatively stable for up to a day or more, and it is our aim to apply our model as the background condition for numerical studies of energy transport mechanisms from the solar surface to the corona. We apply magnetic field strength, plasma density, pressure, and temperature distributions consistent with observational and theoretical estimates for the lower solar atmosphere. Although each flux tube is identical in construction apart from the location of the radial axis, combinations can be applied to generate a non-axisymmetric magnetic field with multiple non-uniform flux tubes. This is a considerable step forward in modeling the realistic magnetized three-dimensional equilibria of the solar atmosphere.

  15. Painlevé IV Coherent States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Bermudez; Alonso Contreras-Astorga; David J. Fernández C

    2014-02-24

    A simple way to find solutions of the Painlev\\'e IV equation is by identifying Hamiltonian systems with third-order differential ladder operators. Some of these systems can be obtained by applying supersymmetric quantum mechanics (SUSY QM) to the harmonic oscillator. In this work, we will construct families of coherent states for such subset of SUSY partner Hamiltonians which are connected with the Painlev\\'e IV equation. First, these coherent states are built up as eigenstates of the annihilation operator, then as displaced versions of the extremal states, both involving the third-order ladder operators, and finally as extremal states which are also displaced but now using the so called linearized ladder operators. To each SUSY partner Hamiltonian corresponds two families of coherent states: one inside the infinite subspace associated with the isospectral part of the spectrum and another one in the finite subspace generated by the states created through the SUSY technique.

  16. MULTIPLE-WINDOW SPECTROMETRY FOR $sup 67$Ga. (Technical Report...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    of Publication: United States Language: English Subject: N26110* --Instrumentation--Radiation Detection Instruments-- General Detectors & Monitors; N28530 --Life...

  17. Energy Standards for State Agencies

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    State departments and agencies are encouraged to employ the latest energy-conservation practices in the design, construction, renovation, operation and maintenance of state facilities. All state ...

  18. Hadronic Final States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. R. Webber

    1995-10-12

    The following aspects of hadronic final states in deep inelastic lepton scattering are reviewed: measuring $alpha_s$ from multi-jet production rates and event shapes; alternative jet algorithms for DIS; power-suppressed corrections to event shapes; comparing jet fragmentation in $e^+e^-$ annihilation and DIS; final states in the BFKL and CCFM formulations of small-$x$ dynamics; exotic (instanton-induced) final states.

  19. Method of remote powering and detecting multiple UWB passive tags in an RFID system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dowla, Farid U. (Castro Valley, CA); Nekoogar, Faranak (San Ramon, CA); Benzel, David M. (Livermore, CA); Dallum, Gregory E. (Livermore, CA); Spiridon, Alex (Palo Alto, CA)

    2012-05-29

    A new Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), tracking, powering apparatus/system and method using coded Ultra-wideband (UWB) signaling is introduced. The proposed hardware and techniques disclosed herein utilize a plurality of passive UWB transponders in a field of an RFID-radar system. The radar system itself enables multiple passive tags to be remotely powered (activated) at about the same time frame via predetermined frequency UWB pulsed formats. Once such tags are in an activated state, an UWB radar transmits specific "interrogating codes" to put predetermined tags in an awakened status. Such predetermined tags can then communicate by a unique "response code" so as to be detected by an UWB system using radar methods.

  20. Birefringence in the transparency region of GaAs/AlAs multiple quantum wells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sirenko, A.A.; Etchegoin, P.; Fainstein, A.; Eberl, K.; Cardona, M.

    1999-09-01

    Birefringence measurements for in-plane propagation of light below the absorption edge in GaAs/AlAs multiple quantum wells (MQW{close_quote}s) are reported for different well/barrier widths. A remarkable drop in the low-frequency limit of the birefringence has been observed for MQW structures with small periods and ascribed to the presence of local fields. The temperature dependence of the birefringence is also studied and complementary results in InP quantum dot structures are also presented. The latter exhibit a strong resonant birefringence, which can be explained by the reduced dimensionality in the joint density of states for optical transitions in the dots. {copyright} {ital 1999} {ital The American Physical Society}