Sample records for multi-stage area probability

  1. Multi-stage flash degaser

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rapier, P.M.

    1980-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

    A multi-stage flash degaser is incorporated in an energy conversion system having a direct-contact, binary-fluid heat exchanger to remove essentially all of the noncondensable gases from geothermal brine ahead of the direct-contact binary-fluid heat exchanger in order that the heat exchanger and a turbine and condenser of the system can operate at optimal efficiency.

  2. Multi-stage flash degaser

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rapier, Pascal M. (Richmond, CA)

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A multi-stage flash degaser (18) is incorporated in an energy conversion system (10) having a direct-contact, binary-fluid heat exchanger to remove essentially all of the noncondensable gases from geothermal brine ahead of the direct-contact binary-fluid heat exchanger (22) in order that the heat exchanger (22) and a turbine (48) and condenser (32) of the system (10) can operate at optimal efficiency.

  3. Catalytic multi-stage liquefaction (CMSL)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Comolli, A.G.; Ganguli, P.; Karolkiewicz, W.F.; Lee, T.L.K.; Pradhan, V.R.; Popper, G.A.; Smith, T.; Stalzer, R.

    1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Under contract with the U.S. Department of Energy, Hydrocarbon Technologies, Inc. has conducted a series of eleven catalytic, multi-stage, liquefaction (CMSL) bench scale runs between February, 1991, and September, 1995. The purpose of these runs was to investigate novel approaches to liquefaction relating to feedstocks, hydrogen source, improved catalysts as well as processing variables, all of which are designed to lower the cost of producing coal-derived liquid products. This report summarizes the technical assessment of these runs, and in particular the evaluation of the economic impact of the results.

  4. Return channel loss reduction in multi-stage centrifugal compressors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aubry, Anne-Rapha雔le

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents concepts for improving the performance of return channels in multi-stage centrifugal compressors. Geometries have been developed to reduce both separation and viscous losses. A number of different ...

  5. Multi-stage fuel cell system method and apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    George, Thomas J. (Morgantown, WV); Smith, William C. (Morgantown, WV)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A high efficiency, multi-stage fuel cell system method and apparatus is provided. The fuel cell system is comprised of multiple fuel cell stages, whereby the temperatures of the fuel and oxidant gas streams and the percentage of fuel consumed in each stage are controlled to optimize fuel cell system efficiency. The stages are connected in a serial, flow-through arrangement such that the oxidant gas and fuel gas flowing through an upstream stage is conducted directly into the next adjacent downstream stage. The fuel cell stages are further arranged such that unspent fuel and oxidant laden gases too hot to continue within an upstream stage because of material constraints are conducted into a subsequent downstream stage which comprises a similar cell configuration, however, which is constructed from materials having a higher heat tolerance and designed to meet higher thermal demands. In addition, fuel is underutilized in each stage, resulting in a higher overall fuel cell system efficiency.

  6. Government Leasing Policy and the Multi-Stage Investment Timing Game in Offshore Petroleum Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia; Leighty, Wayne

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Prorationing of crude oil production. The American Economicreal options theory. Oil production is a multi-stage processthe theory to the oil production process that account for

  7. Government Leasing Policy and the Multi-Stage Investment Timing Game in Offshore Petroleum Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia; Leighty, Wayne

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    multi-stage investment timing decisions in oil explorationthe investment and production timing decisions in oil supplyoil production decisions rather than exploration and development investments,

  8. Continuous flow multi-stage microfluidic reactors via hydrodynamic microparticle railing{

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Liwei

    Continuous flow multi-stage microfluidic reactors via hydrodynamic microparticle railing{ Ryan D-at-a-time). Microfluidic processors that enable multi-stage fluidic reactions with suspended microparticles (e-on-a-chip technologies. Here we present a single-layer microfluidic reactor that utilizes a microfluidic railing

  9. Multi-stage combustion using nitrogen-enriched air

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fischer, Larry E.; Anderson, Brian L.

    2004-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Multi-stage combustion technology combined with nitrogen-enriched air technology for controlling the combustion temperature and products to extend the maintenance and lifetime cycles of materials in contact with combustion products and to reduce pollutants while maintaining relatively high combustion and thermal cycle efficiencies. The first stage of combustion operates fuel rich where most of the heat of combustion is released by burning it with nitrogen-enriched air. Part of the energy in the combustion gases is used to perform work or to provide heat. The cooled combustion gases are reheated by additional stages of combustion until the last stage is at or near stoichiometric conditions. Additional energy is extracted from each stage to result in relatively high thermal cycle efficiency. The air is enriched with nitrogen using air separation technologies such as diffusion, permeable membrane, absorption, and cryogenics. The combustion method is applicable to many types of combustion equipment, including: boilers, burners, turbines, internal combustion engines, and many types of fuel including hydrogen and carbon-based fuels including methane and coal.

  10. MULTILEVEL INVERTER, BASED ON MULTI-STAGE CONNECTION OF THREE-LEVEL CONVERTERS, SCALED IN POWER OF THREE.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Cat贸lica de Chile)

    MULTILEVEL INVERTER, BASED ON MULTI-STAGE CONNECTION OF THREE-LEVEL CONVERTERS, SCALED IN POWER. #12;MULTILEVEL INVERTER, BASED ON MULTI-STAGE CONNECTION OF THREE-LEVEL CONVERTERS, SCALED IN POWER, Concepci贸n, Chile ABSTRACT A multi-stage inverter using three-state converters is being analyzed

  11. Application of a design optimization strategy to multi-stage compressor matching

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bert, J閞鬽e

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A major challenge in the design of multi-stage compressors is the matching of stages to enable stable operation over a large range of mass flows and operating conditions. Particularly in turbofan low-pressure compressors, ...

  12. The Impact of Product Contamination in a Multi-Stage Food Supply Chain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chebolu-Subramanian, Vijaya

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    THE IMPACT OF PRODUCT CONTAMINATION IN A MULTI- STAGE FOOD SUPPLY CHAIN A Dissertation by VIJAYA B. CHEBOLU-SUBRAMANIAN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment...-Subramanian THE IMPACT OF PRODUCT CONTAMINATION IN A MULTI- STAGE FOOD SUPPLY CHAIN A Dissertation by VIJAYA B. CHEBOLU-SUBRAMANIAN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree...

  13. Three-Dimensional Unsteady Multi-stage Turbomachinery Simulations using the Harmonic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jameson, Antony

    Three-Dimensional Unsteady Multi-stage Turbomachinery Simulations using the Harmonic Balance-stage turbomachinery problems modeled by the Unsteady Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (URANS) equations. This time. Turbomachinery flows are naturally unsteady mainly due to the relative motion of rotors and stators

  14. Model reduction applied to multi-stage assemblies of bladed disks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    consisted in modelling separately each stage of the assembly of bladed disks that compose the rotor of a jetModel reduction applied to multi-stage assemblies of bladed disks A. Sternch篓uss, E. Balm, France e-mail: arnaud.sternchuss@ecp.fr P. Jean, J.-P. Lombard Snecma (Safran Group) Rond-point Ren

  15. Reduction of multi-stage disk models: Application to an industrial rotor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    of the rotor into sectors. The bladed disks are coupled by intermediate rings which remove the problem that of a small portion, typically a bladed sector. This configuration no longer holds in real rotors due with multi-stage rotors. However, as underlined by Bladh et al.6 , the critical point is the choice

  16. A Multi Stage Fall-back Search Strategy for Cross-Lingual Information Retrieval

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhattacharyya, Pushpak

    , uses the company's ontology to provide more precise and effective search results. DomainSense, OingoA Multi Stage Fall-back Search Strategy for Cross- Lingual Information Retrieval Satish Kagathara, manishpd}@it.iitb.ac.in, pb@cse.iitb.ac.in Abstract In this paper, we describe a special purpose search

  17. Multi-Stage Converters: A New Technology for Traction Drive Juan W. Dixon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Cat贸lica de Chile)

    demonstrated the feasibility to build multi-stage converters for real electric vehicles or electric buses of electric vehicles. On the other hand, the PWM techniques used today to control modern static converters of Electrical Engineering Pontificia Universidad Cat贸lica de Chile Felipe R铆os, and Alberto Bret贸n Department

  18. Cycle Analysis on Ocean Geothermal Power Generation using Multi-staged Turbine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cycle Analysis on Ocean Geothermal Power Generation using Multi-staged Turbine 2013. 09. 11 Korea ORC #12;Cycle simulation Solver : HYSYS Basic simulation design T-S diagram Pump Turbine Evaporator & turbine : iso-entropic process Pump Turbine Evaporator Condenser 4 1 2 3 Geothermal water Deep seawater

  19. Evalutaion of Multi-Stage Sandstone Acidizing Uging an Organic Mud Acid and a Clay Stabalizer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sakipour, Armin

    2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    and clay particles. The purpose of this study is to present and evaluate multi-stage acid injection into the Bandera sandstone cores to remove formation damage. In this study, coreflood experiments were conducted on Bandera sandstone cores (1.5 in. x 6 in...

  20. Probabilistic Simulation of Multi-Stage Decisions for Operation of a Fractionated Satellite Mission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alonso, Juan J.

    base and national security programs. Fractionated Satellites While ideas regarding networked satellitesProbabilistic Simulation of Multi-Stage Decisions for Operation of a Fractionated Satellite Mission of net present value for a fractionated satellite constellation. The goal is to begin development

  1. Modelling and Analysis of Multi-Stage Systems of Mistuned Bladed Disks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    uncertainty may be due to numerous factors such as material inho- mogeneity, manufacturing processes of uncertainties in complex computational models. In turbine engines rotating components (bladed disks), one of mistuning phenomena in multi- stage systems of bladed disks. Indeed, in modern turbine engines, which

  2. The Multi-Stage Investment Timing Game in Offshore Petroleum Production: Preliminary results from an econometric model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to understand the geology of oil production. Shelby Gerking,real options theory. Oil production is a multi-stage processinnovates is that on oil production. My work makes several

  3. Design of a demand driven multi-item-multi-stage manufacturing system : production scheduling, WIP control and Kanban implementation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Xiaoyu, M. Eng Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The project is conducted in a multi-item-multi-stage manufacturing system with high volume products. The objectives are to optimize the inventory structure and improve production scheduling process. The stock building plan ...

  4. The Multi-Stage Investment Timing Game in Offshore Petroleum Production: Preliminary results from an econometric model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    irreversible investment using North Sea oil data. Economicfor each of the two investment stages in oil production. InOil production is a multi-stage process involving sequential investment

  5. Multi-stage axial-flux PM machine for wheel direct drive

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Caricchi, F.; Crescimbini, F.; Mezzetti, F.; Santini, E. [Univ. of Rome La Sapienza (Italy). Dept. of Electrical Engineering

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The design of direct-driven wheel motors must comply with diameter restriction due to housing the motor in a wheel rim and allow the achievement of very high torque density and overload capability. Slotless axial-flux permanent magnet machines (AFPMs) prove to be one best candidate for application in electric vehicles as direct-drive wheel motors, as in comparison with conventional machines they allow designs with higher compactness, lightness and efficiency. The paper presents a newly-conceived AFPM which has multi-stage structure and water-cooled ironless stator. In the proposed new topology of the machine the space formerly occupied by the toroidal core becomes a water duct, which removes heat directly from the interior surface of the stator winding. The high efficiency of the machine cooling arrangement allows long-term 100% overload operation and great reduction of the machine weight. The multistage structure of the machine is suited to overcome the restriction on the machine diameter and meet the torque required at the wheel shaft. The paper gives guidelines for the design of a multi-stage AFPM with water-cooled ironless stator, and describes characteristics of a two-stage prototype machine rated 220 Nm, 1,100 rpm.

  6. Removal of oxides of nitrogen from gases in multi-stage coal combustion

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mollot, D.J.; Bonk, D.L.; Dowdy, T.E.

    1998-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Polluting NO{sub x} gas values are removed from off-gas of a multi-stage coal combustion process which includes an initial carbonizing reaction, firing of char from this reaction in a fluidized bed reactor, and burning of gases from the carbonizing and fluidized bed reactions in a topping combustor having a first, fuel-rich zone and a second, fuel-lean zone. The improvement by means of which NO{sub x} gases are removed is directed to introducing NO{sub x}-free oxidizing gas such as compressor air into the second, fuel-lean zone and completing combustion with this source of oxidizing gas. Excess air fed to the fluidized bed reactor is also controlled to obtain desired stoichiometry in the first, fuel-rich zone of the topping combustor. 2 figs.

  7. Removal of oxides of nitrogen from gases in multi-stage coal combustion

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mollot, Darren J. (Morgantown, WV); Bonk, Donald L. (Louisville, OH); Dowdy, Thomas E. (Orlando, FL)

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Polluting NO.sub.x gas values are removed from off-gas of a multi-stage coal combustion process which includes an initial carbonizing reaction, firing of char from this reaction in a fluidized bed reactor, and burning of gases from the carbonizing and fluidized bed reactions in a topping combustor having a first, fuel-rich zone and a second, fuel-lean zone. The improvement by means of which NO.sub.x gases are removed is directed to introducing NO.sub.x -free oxidizing gas such as compressor air into the second, fuel-lean zone and completing combustion with this source of oxidizing gas. Excess air fed to the fluidized bed reactor is also controlled to obtain desired stoichiometry in the first, fuel-rich zone of the topping combustor.

  8. A Multi-Stage Very Large-Scale Neighborhood Search for the Vehicle Routing Problem with Soft Time-Windows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deville, Yves

    problem, where customer's time windows may be violated at a certain cost. The Vehicle Routing ProblemA Multi-Stage Very Large-Scale Neighborhood Search for the Vehicle Routing Problem with Soft Time of Computing Science and Engineering Place Sainte-Barbe 2, 1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium {Sebastien

  9. Strategic Decision-Making with Information and Extraction Externalities: A Structural Model of the Multi-Stage Investment Timing Game

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    of the Multi-Stage Investment Timing Game in Offshore Petroleum Production C.-Y. Cynthia Lin 1 Appendix: Monte's exploration decision as a fraction of a firm's average de- velopment cost is given by |路drill_cost| = 049's average devel- opment cost is given by |路drill_cost| = 049|| = -159. Thus, when a neighbor explores

  10. Assessment of a multi-stage underwater vehicle concept using a fossil-fuel Stirling engine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reader, G.T.; Potter, I.J. [Univ. of Calgary, Alberta (Canada). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Stirling Engine because of its inherent closed-cycle operation can be readily modified to work in an airless environment even if the primary source of energy is a fossil fuel. Thus, Stirling engines are well suited for use in the underwater environment and have been operated successfully in manned military submarines since the early 1980s. In recent years fossil fueled Stirling systems have been also proposed for use in small unmanned underwater vehicles (UUVs). However, in this case the need to carry an onboard oxygen supply in a very confined space has presented a number of design difficulties. These are identified in the paper. However, if the oxidant supply to the engine is provided by the membrane extraction of dissolved oxygen from seawater and/or disposable fuel/oxidant pods are used then the UUV Stirling system becomes more attractive. If this latter concept is extended to include multi-stage vehicles then it can be shown that fossil fueled Stirlings could also be put to effective use in long range-long endurance underwater vehicular operations.

  11. Catalytic multi-stage process for hydroconversion and refining hydrocarbon feeds

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Comolli, Alfred G. (Yardley, PA); Lee, Lap-Keung (Cranbury, NJ)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A multi-stage catalytic hydrogenation and hydroconversion process for heavy hydrocarbon feed materials such as coal, heavy petroleum fractions, and plastic waste materials. In the process, the feedstock is reacted in a first-stage, back-mixed catalytic reactor with a highly dispersed iron-based catalyst having a powder, gel or liquid form. The reactor effluent is pressure-reduced, vapors and light distillate fractions are removed overhead, and the heavier liquid fraction is fed to a second stage back-mixed catalytic reactor. The first and second stage catalytic reactors are operated at 700-850.degree. F. temperature, 1000-3500 psig hydrogen partial pressure and 20-80 lb./hr per ft.sup.3 reactor space velocity. The vapor and light distillates liquid fractions removed from both the first and second stage reactor effluent streams are combined and passed to an in-line, fixed-bed catalytic hydrotreater for heteroatom removal and for producing high quality naphtha and mid-distillate or a full-range distillate product. The remaining separator bottoms liquid fractions are distilled at successive atmospheric and vacuum pressures, low and intermediate-boiling hydrocarbon liquid products are withdrawn, and heavier distillate fractions are recycled and further upgraded to provide additional low-boiling hydrocarbon liquid products. This catalytic multistage hydrogenation process provides improved flexibility for hydroprocessing the various carbonaceous feedstocks and adjusting to desired product structures and for improved economy of operations.

  12. Fabrication of Message Digest to Authenticate Audio Signals with Alternation of Coefficients of Harmonics in Multi-Stages (MDAC)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mondal, Uttam Kr

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Providing security to audio songs for maintaining its intellectual property right (IPR) is one of chanllenging fields in commercial world especially in creative industry. In this paper, an effective approach has been incorporated to fabricate authentication of audio song through application of message digest method with alternation of coefficients of harmonics in multi-stages of higher frequency domain without affecting its audible quality. Decomposing constituent frequency components of song signal using Fourier transform with generating secret code via applying message digest followed by alternating coefficients of specific harmonics in multi-stages generates a secret code and this unique code is utilized to detect the originality of the song. A comparative study has been made with similar existing techniques and experimental results are also supported with mathematical formula based on Microsoft WAVE (".wav") stereo sound file.

  13. A Multi-Stage Wear Model for Grid-to-Rod Fretting of Nuclear Fuel Rods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blau, Peter Julian [ORNL] [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The wear of fuel rod cladding against the supporting structures in the cores of pressurized water nuclear reactors (PWRs) is an important and potentially costly tribological issue. Grid-to-rod fretting (GTRF), as it is known, involves not only time-varying contact conditions, but also elevated temperatures, flowing hot water, aqueous tribo-corrosion, and the embrittling effects of neutron fluences. The multi-stage, closed-form analytical model described in this paper relies on published out-of-reactor wear and corrosion data and a set of simplifying assumptions to portray the conversion of frictional work into wear depth. The cladding material of interest is a zirconium-based alloy called Zircaloy-4, and the grid support is made of a harder and more wear-resistant material. Focus is on the wear of the cladding. The model involves an incubation stage, a surface oxide wear stage, and a base alloy wear stage. The wear coefficient, which is a measure of the efficiency of conversion of frictional work into wear damage, can change to reflect the evolving metallurgical condition of the alloy. Wear coefficients for Zircaloy-4 and for a polyphase zirconia layer were back-calculated for a range of times required to wear to a critical depth. Inputs for the model, like the friction coefficient, are taken from the tribology literature in lieu of in-reactor tribological data. Concepts of classical fretting were used as a basis, but are modified to enable the model to accommodate the complexities of the PWR environment. Factors like grid spring relaxation, pre-oxidation of the cladding, multiple oxide phases, gap formation, impact, and hydrogen embrittlement are part of the problem definition but uncertainties in their relative roles limits the ability to validate the model. Sample calculations of wear depth versus time in the cladding illustrate how GTRF wear might occur in a discontinuous fashion during months-long reactor operating cycles. A means to account for grid/rod gaps and repetitive impact effects on GTRF wear is proposed

  14. EWO Meeting March 2014 Multi-Stage Scenario Tree Generation via

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    price 路 Production yield 路 Unplanned plant shutdown 颅 Stochastic Programming with Recourse is a powerful and probabilities 路 Use of historical data and forecasts (data-driven approach) 路 Quality of scenario tree quality.) 颅 Historical data and forecasts of product demand (uncertain parameter) 路 Objectives 颅 Generate multi

  15. AREA

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergy Cooperation |South Valley ResponsibleSubmissionofDepartmentNo.7-052 ofFocusAREA FAQ #

  16. Probability Primer 1 Running head: PROBABILITY PRIMER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuille, Alan L.

    provides the opportunity to draw upon work in computer science, engineering, mathematics, and statisticsProbability Primer 1 Running head: PROBABILITY PRIMER A Primer on Probabilistic Inference Thomas L. Griffiths Department of Psychology University of California, Berkeley Alan Yuille Department of Statistics

  17. Physical Probability Patrick Maher

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fitelson, Branden

    Physical Probability Patrick Maher University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign October 13, 2007 ABSTRACT. By "physical probability" I mean the empirical concept of probability in or- dinary language-extreme physical probabilities are compatible with determin- ism. Two principles, called specification

  18. PROBABILITY AND STOCHASTIC PROCESSES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kozick, Richard J.

    Gaussian probability density function. This book is printed on acid-free paper. The paper in this book Laura Boucher This book was set in Times Roman by the authors and printed and bound by Quebecor is to learn how to solve practical problems. For the majority, the mathematical logic of probability theory is

  19. Infusing self-determination into 18-21 services for students with intellectual or developmental disabilities: A multi-stage, multiple component model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehmeyer, Michael L.; Garner, Nancy; Danna, Yeager; Lawrence, Margaret; Davis, Anna Kay

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    educational services in enviro'nments that are age-appropriate for these students and that allow them to interact with same-age peers. Such environments needed to provide the op- portunity for students to become socially in- cluded in their communities... to 21 program. This evaluation was designed to determine if students who were involved in the model could achieve ed- ucationally relevant goals across transition-re- lated areas using a self-directed process, and to examine the impact of such activities...

  20. Long-term Monitoring Plan for the Central Nevada Test Area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A. Hassan

    2003-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The groundwater flow and transport model of the Faultless underground nuclear test conducted at the Central Nevada Test Area (CNTA) was accepted by the state regulator and the environmental remediation efforts at the site have progressed to the stages of model validation and long-term monitoring design. This report discusses the long-term monitoring strategy developed for CNTA. Subsurface monitoring is an expensive and time-consuming process, and the design approach should be based on a solid foundation. As such, a thorough literature review of monitoring network design is first presented. Monitoring well networks can be designed for a number of objectives including aquifer characterization, parameter estimation, compliance monitoring, detection monitoring, ambient monitoring, and research monitoring, to name a few. Design methodologies also range from simple hydrogeologic intuition-based tools to sophisticated statistical- and optimization-based tools. When designing the long-term monitoring well network for CNTA, a number of issues are carefully considered. These are the uncertainty associated with the subsurface environment and its implication for monitoring design, the cost associated with monitoring well installation and operation, the design criteria that should be used to select well locations, and the potential conflict between different objectives such as early detection versus impracticality of placing wells in the vicinity of the test cavity. Given these considerations and the literature review of monitoring design studies, a multi-staged approach for development of the long-term monitoring well network for CNTA is proposed. This multi-staged approach will proceed in parallel with the validation efforts for the groundwater flow and transport model of CNTA. Two main stages are identified as necessary for the development of the final long-term monitoring well network for the site. The first stage is to use hydrogeologic expertise combined with model simulations and probability based approaches to select the first set of monitoring wells that will serve two purposes. The first is to place the wells in areas likely to encounter migration pathways thereby enhancing the probability of detecting radionuclide migration in the long run. The second objective is crucial in the short run and is aimed at using this set of wells to collect validation data for the model. The selection criteria should thus balance these two objectives. Based on the results of the validation process that progresses concurrently with the first monitoring stage, either more wells will be needed in this first stage or the second stage will be initiated. The second monitoring design stage will be based on an optimum design methodology that uses a suitable statistical approach, combined with an optimization approach, to augment the initial set of wells and develop the final long-term monitoring network. The first-stage probabilistic analysis conducted using the CNTA model indicates that the likelihood of migration away from the test cavity is very low and the probability of detecting radionuclides in the next 100 years is extremely low. Therefore, it is recommended to place one well in the downstream direction along the model longitudinal centerline (i.e., directly north of the working point), which is the location with the highest probability of encountering the plume. Lack of significant plume spreading, coupled with the extremely low velocities, suggests that this one well is sufficient for the first stage. Data from this well, and from additional wells located with validation as the prime objective, will benefit the model validation process. In the long run, this first monitoring well is going to be crucial for the long-term monitoring of the site (assuming that the flow model is validated), as it will be the most likely place to detect any plume migration away from the cavity.

  1. Multi-stage quantum absorption heat pumps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luis A. Correa

    2014-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    It is well known that heat pumps, while being all limited by the same basic thermodynamic laws, may find realization on systems as "small" and "quantum" as a three-level maser. In order to quantitatively assess how the performance of these devices scales with their size, we design generalized $N$-dimensional ideal heat pumps by merging $N-2$ elementary three-level stages. We set them to operate in the absorption chiller mode between given hot and cold baths, and study their maximum achievable cooling power and the corresponding efficiency as a function of $N$. While the efficiency at maximum power is roughly size-independent, the power itself slightly increases with the dimension, quickly saturating to a constant. Thus, interestingly, scaling up autonomous quantum heat pumps does not render a significant enhancement beyond the optimal double-stage configuration.

  2. Multi-stage Fischer-Tropsch process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, C.J.; Fiato, R.A.

    1986-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A process is described for producing paraffinic hydrocarbons from carbon monoxide and hydrogen comprising: (a) introducing carbon monoxide and hydrogen into a reaction zone wherein the carbon monoxide and hydrogen contact in a first bed a first catalyst having a high olefin selectivity selected from the group consisting of Fe/Ce/Zn/K, Fe/Mn/K and Fe/Co/K; and (b) contacting the resulting olefin in a second bed with a second catalyst having a high selectivity for converting olefins to heavier paraffinic hydrocarbons selected from the group consisting of Ru/TiO/sub 2/, Ru/SiO/sub 2/ and Ru/Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/.

  3. Multi-stage Cascaded Stirling Refrigerator

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment SurfacesResource ProgramModification andinterface1JUN 2 5coreSt枚hr ResearchEnergy 禄

  4. Probability: Theory and examples

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rick Durrett

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Some times the lights are shining on me. Other times I can barely see. Lately it occurs to me what a long strange trip its been. Grateful Dead In 1989 when the first edition of the book was completed, my sons David and Greg were 3 and 1, and the cover picture showed the Dow Jones at 2650. The last twenty years have brought many changes but the song remains the same. The title of the book indicates that as we develop the theory, we will focus our attention on examples. Hoping that the book would be a useful reference for people who apply probability in their work, we have tried to emphasize the results that are important for applications, and illustrated their use with roughly 200 examples. Probability is not a spectator sport, so the book contains almost 450 exercises to challenge the reader and to deepen their understanding. The fourth edition has two major changes (in addition to a new publisher): (i) The book has been converted from TeX to LaTeX. The systematic use of labels should eventually eliminate problems with references to other points in the text. In

  5. UV-BRIGHT NEARBY EARLY-TYPE GALAXIES OBSERVED IN THE MID-INFRARED: EVIDENCE FOR A MULTI-STAGE FORMATION HISTORY BY WAY OF WISE AND GALEX IMAGING

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Petty, S. M.; Farrah, D. G. [Department of Physics, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061 (United States); Neill, J. D.; Bridge, C. R. [Division of Physics, Math, and Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Jarrett, T. H.; Tsai, C.-W. [Astronomy Department, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch 7701 (South Africa); Blain, A. W. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH (United Kingdom); Rich, R. M.; Lake, S. E.; Wright, E. L. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States); Benford, D. J. [NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Masci, F. J. [IPAC, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the local universe, 10% of massive elliptical galaxies are observed to exhibit a peculiar property: a substantial excess of ultraviolet emission than what is expected from their old, red stellar populations. Several origins for this ultraviolet excess (UVX) have been proposed including a population of hot young stars and a population of old, blue horizontal branch or extended horizontal branch (BHB or EHB) stars that have undergone substantial mass loss from their outer atmospheres. We explore the radial distribution of UVX in a selection of 49 nearby E/S0-type galaxies by measuring their extended photometry in the UV through mid-infrared (mid-IR) with the Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX), the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, and the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE). We compare UV/optical and UV/mid-IR colors with the Flexible Stellar Population Synthesis models, which allow for the inclusion of EHB stars. We find that combined WISE mid-IR and GALEX UV colors are more effective in distinguishing models than optical colors, and that the UV/mid-IR combination is sensitive to the EHB fraction. There are strong color gradients, with the outer radii bluer than the inner half-light radii by {approx}1 mag. This color difference is easily accounted for with an increase in the BHB fraction of 0.25 with radius. We estimated that the average ages for the inner and outer radii are 7.0 {+-} 0.3 Gyr, and 6.2 {+-} 0.2 Gyr, respectively, with the implication that the outer regions are likely to have formed {approx}1 Gyr after the inner regions. Additionally, we find that metallicity gradients are likely not a significant factor in the color difference. The separation of color between the inner and outer regions, which agrees with a specific stellar population difference (e.g., higher EHB populations), and the {approx}0.5-2 Gyr age difference suggests multi-stage formation. Our results are best explained by inside-out formation: rapid star formation within the core at early epochs (>4 Gyr ago) and at least one later stage starburst event coinciding with z {approx} 1.

  6. Probabilities for Solar Siblings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valtonen, M; Bobylev, V V; Myllari, A

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have shown previously (Bobylev et al 2011) that some of the stars in the Solar neighborhood today may have originated in the same star cluster as the Sun, and could thus be called Solar Siblings. In this work we investigate the sensitivity of this result to Galactic models and to parameters of these models, and also extend the sample of orbits. There are a number of good candidates for the Sibling category, but due to the long period of orbit evolution since the break-up of the birth cluster of the Sun, one can only attach probabilities of membership. We find that up to 10% (but more likely around 1 %) of the members of the Sun's birth cluster could be still found within 100 pc from the Sun today.

  7. Modern Probability Theory and Its Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parzen, Emanuel

    1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PROBABILITY LAWS. . . . . . . . . . 380 I AREA UNDER THE NORMAL DENSITY FUNCTION; A TABLE OF 441 (x) = 1 IX e-Y,y2 dy. "';271" -o:l II BINOMIAL PROBABILITIES; A TABLE OF (:) pX(l - p)"-X, FOR n = 1,2, ... , 10, AND VARIOUS VALUES OF P . . . . . . . 442... the sample description space S. To describe S in the example at hand, we write (3.2) S = {2-tuples (x, y): x is any integer, 1 to 200, y is any integer, 1 to 200}. We have the following notation for forming sets. We draw two braces to indicate that a set...

  8. Parametric probability distributions in reliability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coolen, Frank

    Parametric probability distributions in reliability F.P.A. Coolen Department of Mathematical parametric probability distributions which are frequently used in reliability. We present some main as models for specific reliability scenarios. Keywords: Binomial distribution, Exponential distribution

  9. STATISTICS AND PHILOSOPHY OF PROBABILITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burdzy, Krzysztof "Chris"

    STATISTICS AND PHILOSOPHY OF PROBABILITY -- SIX DEGREES OF SEPARATION Krzysztof Burdzy University of Washington Krzysztof Burdzy Philosophy of probability #12;The search for certainty The search for certainty. On the clash of science and philosophy of probability. Preface, Table of Contents and Introduction

  10. Probability, Statistics, and Stochastic Processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olofsson, Peter

    , science, and engineering students. Other than the basic probability theory, my goal was to in- cludeProbability, Statistics, and Stochastic Processes Peter Olofsson A Wiley-Interscience Publication had been teaching a course on calculus-based probability and statistics mainly for mathematics

  11. Probable Inference and Quantum Mechanics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grandy, W. T. Jr. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY 82070 (United States)

    2009-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

    In its current very successful interpretation the quantum theory is fundamentally statistical in nature. Although commonly viewed as a probability amplitude whose (complex) square is a probability, the wavefunction or state vector continues to defy consensus as to its exact meaning, primarily because it is not a physical observable. Rather than approach this problem directly, it is suggested that it is first necessary to clarify the precise role of probability theory in quantum mechanics, either as applied to, or as an intrinsic part of the quantum theory. When all is said and done the unsurprising conclusion is that quantum mechanics does not constitute a logic and probability unto itself, but adheres to the long-established rules of classical probability theory while providing a means within itself for calculating the relevant probabilities. In addition, the wavefunction is seen to be a description of the quantum state assigned by an observer based on definite information, such that the same state must be assigned by any other observer based on the same information, in much the same way that probabilities are assigned.

  12. Joint probabilities and quantum cognition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Acacio de Barros, J. [Liberal Studies, 1600 Holloway Ave., San Francisco State University, San Francisco, CA 94132 (United States)

    2012-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we discuss the existence of joint probability distributions for quantumlike response computations in the brain. We do so by focusing on a contextual neural-oscillator model shown to reproduce the main features of behavioral stimulus-response theory. We then exhibit a simple example of contextual random variables not having a joint probability distribution, and describe how such variables can be obtained from neural oscillators, but not from a quantum observable algebra.

  13. MACHINE MONITORING USING PROBABILITY THRESHOLDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pollock, Stephen

    MACHINE MONITORING USING PROBABILITY THRESHOLDS AND SYSTEM OPERATING CHARACTERISTICS Stephen M a discrete-part production machine, with the objective of effectively determining when to shut the machine analysis: a) There is an underlying time interval that characterizes the operation of the machine, most

  14. Logic Programming, Abduction and Probability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poole, David

    Logic Programming, Abduction and Probability: a top-down anytime algorithm for estimating prior, Vancouver, B.C., Canada V6T 1Z2 poole@cs.ubc.ca March 17, 1993 Abstract Probabilistic Horn abduction logically. The relationship be- tween probabilistic Horn abduction and logic programming is at two levels

  15. Probability in the Engineering and Informational Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oren, Shmuel S.

    ://journals.cambridge.org/PES Additional services for Probability in the Engineering and Informational Sciences: Email alerts: Click here Electric Power Service with Irreversible Early Notification. Probability in the EngineeringProbability in the Engineering and Informational Sciences http

  16. Review of Probability Random Variable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fowler, Mark

    at close 4) Height of wheel going over a rocky road #12;3 Random Variable Non-examples 1) `Heads' or `Tails' on coin 2) Red or Black ball from urn But we can make these into RV's Basic Idea 颅 don't know 路 Temperature 路 Wheel height #12;5 Given Continuous RV X... What is the probability that X = x0 ? Oddity : P

  17. Probability Models for Continuous Random Variables 1 Longevity of Women (years)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Preston, Scott

    box counts for 0.008, the probability is 37.5 0.008 = 0.3000. The area is 0.3000 颅 this seems for such curves are They must be nonnegative. The total area under the curve must be exactly 1. The probability of a result in some interval (along the horizontal 颅 x 颅 axis) is equal to the area under the curve over

  18. Free probability and combinatorics Preliminary version

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anshelevich, Michael

    Free probability and combinatorics Preliminary version Michael Anshelevich c 2012 December 4, 2012 #12;Preface These notes were used in a topics course Free probability and combinatorics taught topics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 3 Free

  19. Geographic Resource Map of Frozen Pipe Probabilities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation slide details a resource map showing the probability of frozen pipes in the geographic United States.

  20. Optimization Online - Classification with Guaranteed Probability of ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marco C. Campi

    2009-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Mar 18, 2009 ... Classification with Guaranteed Probability of Error. Marco C. ... Category 3: Applications -- Science and Engineering (Statistics ). Citation:.

  1. Notes on Probability Peter J. Cameron

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banaji,. Murad

    will need the statistical tables. Probability and Statistics for Engineering and the Sciences by Jay L. De use instead are: Probability and Statistics in Engineering and Management Science by W. W. Hines probabilistic ideas in statistical inference and modelling, and the study of stochastic processes. Probability

  2. Multi Stage Underwater Sensor Localization using Mobile Beacons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paparella, Francesco

    to perform, including: oceanographic data collection, ecological applications (e.g. pollution, water quality but they have to be revised due to acoustic channel properties. The acoustic channel has low bandwidth, high

  3. No. 2014-056 MULTI-STAGE ADJUSTABLE ROBUST MIXED ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Sep 29, 2014 ... ?CentER and Department of Econometrics and Operations ...... We sample 50 instances for each N and conduct 8 splitting rounds for N = 5,10,.

  4. Analysis of multi-stage centrifugal pumps using transfer matrices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, J. Howard

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    around the x-axis. The transfer across the massless beam number n is obtained in the same manner. PE?'?= 0-. V???? V?'?= 0 Q M4, ? 0 ~ My?, ? M~ ? V' l?= 0 (2) Rearranging the terms of equations 1 and 2 results in equations 3. M, ' = V, ?? r, ? V...~ Bearing Shaft Y' QB Figure 6. Schematic of bearing forces acting on shaft with eccentricity and attitude angle. 1. 0 0. 0 O M M CI M W lJ w 0. 4 I-I 0. 2 'Ilj . i I' I', ' r 'I I jij !Ij l Il t I . 'll t!!I tR 'Iles 'I I! i...

  5. Multi-stage microbial system for continuous hydrogen production

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kosourov, Sergey; Ghirardi, Maria L.; Seibert, Michael

    2010-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of using sequential chemostat culture vessels to provide continuous H.sub.2 production, in which photosynthetic O.sub.2 evolution and H.sub.2 photoproduction are separated physically into two separate bioreactors, comprising: a) growing a microorganism culture able to continuously generate H.sub.2 by photosynthetically producing cells at about the early-to-late log state in a first photobioreactor operating as a sulfur chemostat under aerobic and/or conditions; b) continuously feeding cells from the first photobioreactor to a second photobioreactor operating under anaerobic conditions and sulfur deprivation conditions resulting from constant uptake of sulfate in the first bioreactor and a low rate of culture flow between the first and second bioreactors, for induction of hydrogenase and H.sub.2 photoproduction to allow for continuous cultivation of the microorganism's cells in the first photobioreactor and constant H.sub.2 production in the second photobioreactor, and c) H.sub.2 gas from the second photobioreactor.

  6. Multi-stage Stochastic Linear Programming: Scenarios Versus Events

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

    average scenario). In the ELP approach, the potentially huge scenario tree of the SLP approach is ...... [13] J. Gondzio, R. Sarkissian, and J.-Ph. Vial. Parallel...

  7. Optimization Online - Dynamic sampling algorithms for multi-stage ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andy Philpott

    2010-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Dec 18, 2010 ... ... of hydro-thermal scheduling in the New Zealand electricity system. ... Citation: Technical report, Electric Power Optimization Centre,...

  8. A scalable bounding method for multi-stage stochastic integer ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Examples include problems in energy (Wallace and Fleten 2003), finance ( ...... the data intensity displayed as vertical line segments of varying height, which...

  9. Improve supply chain resilience by multi-stage supply chain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Jie, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Due to the global expansion of Company A's supply chain network, it is becoming more vulnerable to many disruptions. These disruptions often incur additional costs; and require time to respond to and recover from these ...

  10. Improving supply chain resilience by multi-stage supply chain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Jingxia, M. Eng, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Due to the global expansion of Company A's supply chain network, it is becoming more vulnerable to many disruptions. These disruptions often incur additional costs; and require time to respond to and recover from these ...

  11. Optimality of Affine Policies in Multi-stage Robust Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertsimas, Dimitris J.

    In this paper, we prove the optimality of disturbance-affine control policies in the context of one-dimensional, constrained, multistage robust optimization. Our results cover the finite-horizon case, with minimax (worst-case) ...

  12. A Multi-stage Stochastic Integer Programming Approach for ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2001-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

    assumed a single product family with non-decreasing deterministic demand, ... of I resources or technology types to satisfy the demand of a product family while.

  13. Problems with Objective Probability for Conditionals What Bennett Means by Objective Probability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fitelson, Branden

    Problems with Objective Probability for Conditionals What Bennett Means by Objective Probability Objective probability is any sort of probability which demands inter- subjective agreement. Bennett Bennett introduces this as a three place relation, R(P,Q,n), between a proposition P, body of evidence Q

  14. Probability and Quantum Paradigms: the Interplay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kracklauer, A. F. [Bauhaus Universitaet, PF 2040, 99401 Weimar (Germany)

    2007-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the introduction of Born's interpretation of quantum wave functions as yielding the probability density of presence, Quantum Theory and Probability have lived in a troubled symbiosis. Problems arise with this interpretation because quantum probabilities exhibit features alien to usual probabilities, namely non Boolean structure and non positive-definite phase space probability densities. This has inspired research into both elaborate formulations of Probability Theory and alternate interpretations for wave functions. Herein the latter tactic is taken and a suggested variant interpretation of wave functions based on photo detection physics proposed, and some empirical consequences are considered. Although incomplete in a few details, this variant is appealing in its reliance on well tested concepts and technology.

  15. Analytical Study of Thermonuclear Reaction Probability Integrals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. A. Chaudhry; H. J. Haubold; A. M. Mathai

    2000-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    An analytic study of the reaction probability integrals corresponding to the various forms of the slowly varying cross-section factor $S(E)$ is attempted. Exact expressions for reaction probability integrals are expressed in terms of the extended gamma functions.

  16. A Bayesian Probability Calculus for Density Matrices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manfred K. Warmuth; Dima Kuzmin

    2014-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the main concepts in quantum physics is a density matrix, which is a symmetric positive definite matrix of trace one. Finite probability distributions are a special case where the density matrix is restricted to be diagonal. Density matrices are mixtures of dyads, where a dyad has the form uu' for any any unit column vector u. These unit vectors are the elementary events of the generalized probability space. Perhaps the simplest case to see that something unusual is going on is the case of uniform density matrix, i.e. 1/n times identity. This matrix assigns probability 1/n to every unit vector, but of course there are infinitely many of them. The new normalization rule thus says that sum of probabilities over any orthonormal basis of directions is one. We develop a probability calculus based on these more general distributions that includes definitions of joints, conditionals and formulas that relate these, i.e. analogs of the theorem of total probability, various Bayes rules for the calculation of posterior density matrices, etc. The resulting calculus parallels the familiar 'classical' probability calculus and always retains the latter as a special case when all matrices are diagonal. Whereas the classical Bayesian methods maintain uncertainty about which model is 'best', the generalization maintains uncertainty about which unit direction has the largest variance. Surprisingly the bounds also generalize: as in the classical setting we bound the negative log likelihood of the data by the negative log likelihood of the MAP estimator.

  17. Probability of spent fuel transportation accidents

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McClure, J. D.

    1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The transported volume of spent fuel, incident/accident experience and accident environment probabilities were reviewed in order to provide an estimate of spent fuel accident probabilities. In particular, the accident review assessed the accident experience for large casks of the type that could transport spent (irradiated) nuclear fuel. This review determined that since 1971, the beginning of official US Department of Transportation record keeping for accidents/incidents, there has been one spent fuel transportation accident. This information, coupled with estimated annual shipping volumes for spent fuel, indicated an estimated annual probability of a spent fuel transport accident of 5 x 10/sup -7/ spent fuel accidents per mile. This is consistent with ordinary truck accident rates. A comparison of accident environments and regulatory test environments suggests that the probability of truck accidents exceeding regulatory test for impact is approximately 10/sup -9//mile.

  18. PALC: Extending ALC ABoxes with Probabilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J盲ger, Gerhard

    on description logics can be found in [BCM+ 03] and [BKW03]. For many applications it is important to extend on probabilities on terminological axioms, see for example [BKW03, Hei94, KLP97]. Notable exceptions are [Jae94, GL

  19. Cumulative Probability of Blast Fragmentation Effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oleg Mazonka

    2013-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents formulae for calculation of cumulative probability of effect made by blast fragments. Analysis with Mott distribution, discrete fragment enumeration, spatial non-uniformity, numerical issues, and a generalisation for a set of effects are also discussed.

  20. Cumulative Probability of Blast Fragmentation Effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mazonka, Oleg

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents formulae for calculation of cumulative probability of effect made by blast fragments. Analysis with Mott distribution, discrete fragment enumeration, spatial non-uniformity, numerical issues, and a generalisation for a set of effects are also discussed.

  1. Probability distribution of the vacuum energy density

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duplancic, Goran; Stefancic, Hrvoje [Theoretical Physics Division, Rudjer Boskovic Institute, P.O. Box 180, HR-10002 Zagreb (Croatia); Glavan, Drazen [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb, P.O. Box 331, HR-10002 Zagreb (Croatia)

    2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    As the vacuum state of a quantum field is not an eigenstate of the Hamiltonian density, the vacuum energy density can be represented as a random variable. We present an analytical calculation of the probability distribution of the vacuum energy density for real and complex massless scalar fields in Minkowski space. The obtained probability distributions are broad and the vacuum expectation value of the Hamiltonian density is not fully representative of the vacuum energy density.

  2. Derivation of quantum probabilities from deterministic evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. G. Philbin

    2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The predictions of quantum mechanics are probabilistic. Quantum probabilities are extracted using a postulate of the theory called the Born rule, the status of which is central to the "measurement problem" of quantum mechanics. Efforts to justify the Born rule from other physical principles, and thus elucidate the measurement process, have involved lengthy statistical or information-theoretic arguments. Here we show that Bohm's deterministic formulation of quantum mechanics allows the Born rule for measurements on a single system to be derived, without any statistical assumptions. We solve a simple example where the creation of an ensemble of identical quantum states, together with position measurements on those states, are described by Bohm's quantum dynamics. The calculated measurement outcomes agree with the Born-rule probabilities, which are thus a consequence of deterministic evolution. Our results demonstrate that quantum probabilities can emerge from simple dynamical laws alone, and they support the view that there is no underlying indeterminism in quantum phenomena.

  3. Probable maximum flood control; Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeGabriele, C.E.; Wu, C.L. [Bechtel National, Inc., San Francisco, CA (United States)

    1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study proposes preliminary design concepts to protect the waste-handling facilities and all shaft and ramp entries to the underground from the probable maximum flood (PMF) in the current design configuration for the proposed Nevada Nuclear Waste Storage Investigation (NNWSI) repository protection provisions were furnished by the United States Bureau of Reclamation (USSR) or developed from USSR data. Proposed flood protection provisions include site grading, drainage channels, and diversion dikes. Figures are provided to show these proposed flood protection provisions at each area investigated. These areas are the central surface facilities (including the waste-handling building and waste treatment building), tuff ramp portal, waste ramp portal, men-and-materials shaft, emplacement exhaust shaft, and exploratory shafts facility.

  4. Electric quadrupole transition probabilities for atomic lithium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    莈lik, G黮tekin, E-mail: gultekin@selcuk.edu.tr [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Sel鐄k University, Campus 42049 Konya (Turkey); G鰇鏴, Yasin; Y?ld?z, Murat [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Karamanoglu Mehmetbey University, Karaman (Turkey)

    2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Electric quadrupole transition probabilities for atomic lithium have been calculated using the weakest bound electron potential model theory (WBEPMT). We have employed numerical non-relativistic Hartree朏ock wavefunctions for expectation values of radii and the necessary energy values have been taken from the compilation at NIST. The results obtained with the present method agree very well with the Coulomb approximation results given by Caves (1975). Moreover, electric quadrupole transition probability values not existing in the literature for some highly excited levels have been obtained using the WBEPMT.

  5. Conditional probability on a quantum logic

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nanasiova, O.

    1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze two approaches to conditional probability. The first approach follows Gudder and Marchand, Maczynsky, Cassinelli and Beltrametti, Cassinelli and Truini. The second approach follows Renyi and Kalmar. The main result is a characterization of the first approach with the help of a function, similarly as in the second approach.

  6. Reducing the Probability of Capture into Resonance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alice C. Quillen

    2005-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

    A migrating planet can capture planetesimals into mean motion resonances. However, resonant trapping can be prevented when the drift or migration rate is sufficiently high. Using a simple Hamiltonian system for first and second order resonances, we explore how the capture probability depends on the order of the resonance, drift rate and initial particle eccentricity. We present scaling factors as a function of the planet mass and resonance strength to estimate the planetary migration rate above which the capture probability drops to less than 1/2. Applying our framework to multiple extra solar planetary systems that have two planets locked in resonance, we estimate lower limits for the outer planet's migration rate allowing resonance capture of the inner planet. Mean motion resonances are comprised of multiple resonant subterms. We find that the corotation subterm can reduce the probability of capture when the planet eccentricity is above a critical value. We present factors that can be used to estimate this critical planet eccentricity. Applying our framework to the migration of Neptune, we find that Neptune's eccentricity is near the critical value that would make its 2:1 resonance fail to capture twotinos. The capture probability is affected by the separation between resonant subterms and so is also a function of the precession rates of the longitudes of periapse of both planet and particle near resonance.

  7. Cornell Probability Summer School Simon Tavare

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Durrett, Richard

    Cornell Probability Summer School 2006 Simon Tavar麓e Lecture 6 Outline 路 We looked at evolution) Questions about Phylogenetic Trees 路 Topology of tree (the branching order) 路 Branch lengths (time of common Pleistocene 1 0.15 19 Middle Pleistocene 2 0.9 28 Early Pleistocene 3 1.8 22 Late Pliocene 4 3.6 47 Early

  8. Logic Programming, Abduction and Probability David Poole

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poole, David

    Logic Programming, Abduction and Probability David Poole Department of Computer Science, University 5485 Abstract Probabilistic Horn abduction is a simple frame颅 work to combine probabilistic and logical abduction and logic pro颅 gramming is at two levels. At the first level probabilistic Horn abduction

  9. 3. Probability inequalities 3.1. Introduction. Probability inequalities are an important instrument which is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagaev, Sergei V.

    . Among classical probabilities are those by S.N. Bernstein (see [1, III, 搂3, Theorem 18]) and Bennet [2) decrease exponentially as x for all summand forming the sum n j=1 Xj. As to the Bennet] is adjacent to the Bennet颅Hoeffding inequality. That was rather a limited list of probability inequalities

  10. 3. Probability inequalities 3.1. Introduction. Probability inequalities are an important instrument which is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagaev, Sergei V.

    . Among classical probabilities are those by S.N. Bernstein (see [1, III, 搂3, Theorem 18]) and Bennet [2(X j > x) decrease exponentially as x ## for all summand forming the sum # n j=1 X j . As to the Bennet] is adjacent to the Bennet--Hoe#ding inequality. That was rather a limited list of probability inequalities

  11. Extreme hydro-meteorological events and their probabilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beersma, Jules

    Extreme hydro-meteorological events and their probabilities Jules Beersma #12;Promotor: Prof. dr. A Onderzoekschool (BBOS) #12;Extreme hydro-meteorological events and their probabilities Extreme hydro

  12. The 60% Efficient Diesel Engine: Probably, Possible, Or Just...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    The 60% Efficient Diesel Engine: Probably, Possible, Or Just a Fantasy? The 60% Efficient Diesel Engine: Probably, Possible, Or Just a Fantasy? 2005 Diesel Engine Emissions...

  13. Logical Structure of Physical Probability Assertions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph F. Johnson

    2005-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A modification and generalisation of von Plato's fix of the frequency theory of probability is presented. It is thermodynamic in nature. Von Plato already fixed the logical circle in the frequency theory, we generalise his results to not necessarily ergodic systems of classical and quantum mechanics. This turns out to be precisely what is needed for the problem of Quantum Measurement and the problem of induction.

  14. Optimum phase space probabilities from quantum tomography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roy, Arunabha S., E-mail: roy.arunabha@gmail.com [King's College, London (United Kingdom); Roy, S. M., E-mail: smroy@hbcse.tifr.res.in [HBCSE, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai (India)

    2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We determine a positive normalised phase space probability distribution P with minimum mean square fractional deviation from the Wigner distribution W. The minimum deviation, an invariant under phase space rotations, is a quantitative measure of the quantumness of the state. The positive distribution closest to W will be useful in quantum mechanics and in time frequency analysis. The position-momentum correlations given by the distribution can be tested experimentally in quantum optics.

  15. Free Energy Changes, Fluctuations, and Path Probabilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    William G. Hoover; Carol G. Hoover

    2011-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We illustrate some of the static and dynamic relations discovered by Cohen, Crooks, Evans, Jarzynski, Kirkwood, Morriss, Searles, and Zwanzig. These relations link nonequilibrium processes to equilibrium isothermal free energy changes and to dynamical path probabilities. We include ideas suggested by Dellago, Geissler, Oberhofer, and Schoell-Paschinger. Our treatment is intended to be pedagogical, for use in an updated version of our book: Time Reversibility, Computer Simulation, and Chaos. Comments are very welcome.

  16. SCFG in CNF Probability distribution over

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ageno, Alicia

    : - += ??= rq, 1k 1ij rq,p,rqp Bk)(j,Ij)(i,Ik)(i,I #12;SCFG in CNF Outside probability : Op(i,j) = P(A1 * w1(j,k) ? Ii(j,k) = P(A1 * w1 ... wn, Ai * wj+1 ... wk |G ) = P(w1n , Ai jk |G) NLP statistical parsing 54 So

  17. Understanding Deutsch's probability in a deterministic multiverse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hilary Greaves

    2003-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Difficulties over probability have often been considered fatal to the Everett interpretation of quantum mechanics. Here I argue that the Everettian can have everything she needs from `probability' without recourse to indeterminism, ignorance, primitive identity over time or subjective uncertainty: all she needs is a particular *rationality principle*. The decision-theoretic approach recently developed by Deutsch and Wallace claims to provide just such a principle. But, according to Wallace, decision theory is itself applicable only if the correct attitude to a future Everettian measurement outcome is subjective uncertainty. I argue that subjective uncertainty is not to be had, but I offer an alternative interpretation that enables the Everettian to live without uncertainty: we can justify Everettian decision theory on the basis that an Everettian should *care about* all her future branches. The probabilities appearing in the decision-theoretic representation theorem can then be interpreted as the degrees to which the rational agent cares about each future branch. This reinterpretation, however, reduces the intuitive plausibility of one of the Deutsch-Wallace axioms (Measurement Neutrality).

  18. Dear New International Undergraduate, Congratulations and welcome to Dartmouth! You probably have dozens of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lotko, William

    . For international students going on sections F and G, there will be a Boston Logan International Airport "meetDear New International Undergraduate, Congratulations and welcome to Dartmouth! You probably have! Additionally, you'll get a glimpse of the beautiful area surrounding our school. In 2010, 99% of international

  19. Research Areas

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert Southwest RegionatSearch Welcome toResearch Areas Our Vision National User Facilities

  20. Research Areas

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert Southwest RegionatSearch Welcome toResearch Areas Our Vision National User

  1. Sampling with unequal probabilities and without replacement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kleibrink, Ronald Gus

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    . The method described. by Rao (9) is probably the fastest. This method uses N random numbers to per- mute N items. If N c 10, the N random numbers 0 ~ R. c 9 are listed. , i. e. R R . . . RN 2 The items are then ordered. according to the Ri, as in Table...2)=H(I&N2)+R(I&N3) 2 R(I&N2)=R(I&N2)/ANN C COMPUTES THE VARIANCE (VAR) OF A PARTICULAR PERMUTATION RR=O SMSQ, =SUMA??2 RATIO=SUMS/SUMA 188 DO 83 I=1, N HSQ=(H(I, NN2)-RATIO)??2 83 HH=HSQ"H(I, NN1)+RH VAR=SMSQ?HH VARAN=VAHAN+VAR AFAC...

  2. Probability, conditional probability and complementary cumulative distribution functions in performance assessment for radioactive waste disposal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Helton, J.C. [Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States)

    1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A formal description of the structure of several recent performance assessments (PAs) for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) is given in terms of the following three components: a probability space (S{sub st}, S{sub st}, p{sub st}) for stochastic uncertainty, a probability space (S{sub su}, S{sub su}, p{sub su}) for subjective uncertainty and a function (i.e., a random variable) defined on the product space associated with (S{sub st}, S{sub st}, p{sub st}) and (S{sub su}, S{sub su}, p{sub su}). The explicit recognition of the existence of these three components allows a careful description of the use of probability, conditional probability and complementary cumulative distribution functions within the WIPP PA. This usage is illustrated in the context of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency`s standard for the geologic disposal of radioactive waste (40 CFR 191, Subpart B). The paradigm described in this presentation can also be used to impose a logically consistent structure on PAs for other complex systems.

  3. Low Probability Tail Event Analysis and Mitigation in BPA Control Area: Task One Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lu, Shuai; Makarov, Yuri V.

    2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is a report for task one of the tail event analysis project for BPA. Tail event refers to the situation in a power system when unfavorable forecast errors of load and wind are superposed onto fast load and wind ramps, or non-wind generators falling short of scheduled output, the imbalance between generation and load becomes very significant. This type of events occurs infrequently and appears on the tails of the distribution of system power imbalance; therefore, is referred to as tail events. This report analyzes what happened during the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) reliability event on February 26, 2008, which was widely reported because of the involvement of wind generation. The objective is to identify sources of the problem, solutions to it and potential improvements that can be made to the system. Lessons learned from the analysis include the following: (1) Large mismatch between generation and load can be caused by load forecast error, wind forecast error and generation scheduling control error on traditional generators, or a combination of all of the above; (2) The capability of system balancing resources should be evaluated both in capacity (MW) and in ramp rate (MW/min), and be procured accordingly to meet both requirements. The resources need to be able to cover a range corresponding to the variability of load and wind in the system, additional to other uncertainties; (3) Unexpected ramps caused by load and wind can both become the cause leading to serious issues; (4) A look-ahead tool evaluating system balancing requirement during real-time operations and comparing that with available system resources should be very helpful to system operators in predicting the forthcoming of similar events and planning ahead; and (5) Demand response (only load reduction in ERCOT event) can effectively reduce load-generation mismatch and terminate frequency deviation in an emergency situation.

  4. Low Probability Tail Event Analysis and Mitigation in the BPA Control Area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lu, Shuai; Brothers, Alan J.; McKinstry, Craig A.; Jin, Shuangshuang; Makarov, Yuri V.

    2010-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This report investigated the uncertainties with the operations of the power system and their contributions to tail events, especially under high penetration of wind. A Bayesian network model is established to quantify the impact of these uncertainties on system imbalance. The framework is presented for a decision support tool, which can help system operators better estimate the need for balancing reserves and prepare for tail events.

  5. Southeast Idaho Area Links

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Area Attractions and Events Area Geography Area History Area Links Driving Directions Idaho Falls Attractions and Events INL History INL Today Research Park Sagebrush Steppe...

  6. Reasonable conditions for joint probabilities of non-commuting observables

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holger F. Hofmann

    2014-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    In the operator formalism of quantum mechanics, the density operator describes the complete statistics of a quantum state in terms of d^2 independent elements, where d is the number of possible outcomes for a precise measurement of an observable. In principle, it is therefore possible to express the density operator by a joint probability of two observables that cannot actually be measured jointly because they do not have any common eigenstates. However, such joint probabilities do not refer to an actual measurement outcome, so their definition cannot be based on a set of possible events. Here, I consider the criteria that could specify a unique mathematical form of joint probabilities in the quantum formalism. It is shown that a reasonable set of conditions results in the definition of joint probabilities by ordered products of the corresponding projection operators. It is pointed out that this joint probability corresponds to the quasi probabilities that have recently been observed experimentally in weak measurements.

  7. Origin of the drastic decrease of fusion probability in superheavy mass region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. Aritomo; M. Ohta

    2005-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The fusion-fission process in the superheavy mass region is studied systematically by solving the time evolution of nuclear shape in three-dimensional deformation space using the Langevin equation. By analyzing the trajectory in the deformation space, we identify the critical area when the trajectory's destination is determined to be the fusion or the quasi-fission process. It is also clarified that the potential landscape around the critical area is crucial for estimating the fusion probability, and its dependence on the atomic number is presented.

  8. MAS 108 Probability I Test 11 November 2005, 16101655

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, R. A.

    ) For which values of p are they more likely to have 2 boys than 3 boys? 3 #12;4 (15 marks) A fish is caught at random on the Great Barrier Reef. The probability that the fish is striped is 7/20; the probability that the fish is luminous is 1/5; and the probability that the fish is both striped and luminuous is 1/20. Find

  9. Sensible Quantum Mechanics: Are Probabilities only in the Mind?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Don N. Page

    1995-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantum mechanics may be formulated as {\\it Sensible Quantum Mechanics} (SQM) so that it contains nothing probabilistic except conscious perceptions. Sets of these perceptions can be deterministically realized with measures given by expectation values of positive-operator-valued {\\it awareness operators}. Ratios of the measures for these sets of perceptions can be interpreted as frequency-type probabilities for many actually existing sets. These probabilities generally cannot be given by the ordinary quantum ``probabilities'' for a single set of alternatives. {\\it Probabilism}, or ascribing probabilities to unconscious aspects of the world, may be seen to be an {\\it aesthemamorphic myth}.

  10. New probability table treatment in MCNP for unresolved resonances

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carter, L.L. [Carter M.C. Analysis, Richland, WA (United States); Little, R.C.; Hendricks, J.S.; MacFarlane, R.E. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

    1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An upgrade for MCNP has been implemented to sample the neutron cross sections in the unresolved resonance range using probability tables. These probability tables are generated with the cross section processor code NJOY, by using the evaluated statistical information about the resonances to calculate cumulative probability distribution functions for the microscopic total cross section. The elastic, fission, and radiative capture cross sections are also tabulated as the average values of each of these partials conditional upon the value of the total. This paper summarizes how the probability tables are utilized in this MCNP upgrade and compares this treatment with the approximate smooth treatment for some example problems.

  11. Finite n Largest Eigenvalue Probability Distribution Function of Gaussian Ensembles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonard N. Choup

    2011-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we focus on the finite n probability distribution function of the largest eigenvalue in the classical Gaussian Ensemble of n by n matrices (GEn). We derive the finite n largest eigenvalue probability distribution function for the Gaussian Orthogonal and Symplectic Ensembles and also prove an Edgeworth type Theorem for the largest eigenvalue probability distribution function of Gaussian Symplectic Ensemble. The correction terms to the limiting probability distribution are expressed in terms of the same Painleve II functions appearing in the Tracy-Widom distribution.

  12. Site Monitoring Area Maps

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to the Site Monitoring Area (SMA) The Site Monitoring Area sampler Control measures (best management practices) installed at the Site Monitoring Area Structures such as...

  13. Wildlife Management Areas (Minnesota)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Certain areas of the State are designated as wildlife protection areas and refuges; new construction and development is restricted in these areas.

  14. Free Processes via Matrix Theory Concentration week on free Probability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anshelevich, Michael

    Free Processes via Matrix Theory Concentration week on free Probability Texas A&M, July 9-13. Nizar Demni Paris VI University July 10, 2007 Nizar Demni Paris VI University Free Processes via Matrix Theory Concentration week on free Pr #12;Definitions Non commutative probability space : Unital Algebra A + linear

  15. Proof of the outage probability conjecture for MISO channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abbe, Emmanuel; Telatar, Emre

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In Telatar 1999, it is conjectured that the covariance matrices minimizing the outage probability for MIMO channels with Gaussian fading are diagonal with either zeros or constant values on the diagonal. In the MISO setting, this is equivalent to conjecture that the Gaussian quadratic forms having largest tale probability correspond to such diagonal matrices. We prove here the conjecture in the MISO setting.

  16. MA 747, Spring 2012 Probability and Stochastic Process II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ito, Kazufumi

    MA 747, Spring 2012 Probability and Stochastic Process II Lecture Notes and Reference book The course will be based on the lecture notes and the reference book: Stochastic Processes, S.R.S. Varadhan theory needed for advanced applications in stochastic processes. It provides the basic probability theory

  17. A discussion on the origin of quantum probabilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holik, Federico, E-mail: olentiev2@gmail.com [Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Instituto de F韘ica (IFLP-CCT-CONICET), C.C. 727, 1900 La Plata (Argentina) [Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Instituto de F韘ica (IFLP-CCT-CONICET), C.C. 727, 1900 La Plata (Argentina); Departamento de Matem醫ica - Ciclo B醩ico Com鷑, Universidad de Buenos Aires - Pabell髇 III, Ciudad Universitaria, Buenos Aires (Argentina); S醗nz, Manuel [Departamento de Matem醫ica - Ciclo B醩ico Com鷑, Universidad de Buenos Aires - Pabell髇 III, Ciudad Universitaria, Buenos Aires (Argentina)] [Departamento de Matem醫ica - Ciclo B醩ico Com鷑, Universidad de Buenos Aires - Pabell髇 III, Ciudad Universitaria, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Plastino, Angel [Universitat de les Illes Balears and IFISC-CSIC, 07122 Palma de Mallorca (Spain)] [Universitat de les Illes Balears and IFISC-CSIC, 07122 Palma de Mallorca (Spain)

    2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the origin of quantum probabilities as arising from non-Boolean propositional-operational structures. We apply the method developed by Cox to non distributive lattices and develop an alternative formulation of non-Kolmogorovian probability measures for quantum mechanics. By generalizing the method presented in previous works, we outline a general framework for the deduction of probabilities in general propositional structures represented by lattices (including the non-distributive case). -- Highlights: 昐everal recent works use a derivation similar to that of R.T. Cox to obtain quantum probabilities. 昗e apply Cox抯 method to the lattice of subspaces of the Hilbert space. 昗e obtain a derivation of quantum probabilities which includes mixed states. 昑he method presented in this work is susceptible to generalization. 旾t includes quantum mechanics and classical mechanics as particular cases.

  18. Wildlife Management Areas (Florida)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Certain sites in Florida are designated as wildlife management areas, and construction and development is heavily restricted in these areas.

  19. Probability, consequences, and mitigation for lightning strikes of Hanford high level waste tanks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zach, J.J.

    1996-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this report is to summarize selected lightning issues concerning the Hanford Waste Tanks. These issues include the probability of a lightning discharge striking the area immediately adjacent to a tank including a riser, the consequences of significant energy deposition from a lightning strike in a tank, and mitigating actions that have been or are being taken. The major conclusion of this report is that the probability of a lightning strike deposition sufficient energy in a tank to cause an effect on employees or the public is unlikely;but there are insufficient, quantitative data on the tanks and waste to prove that. Protection, such as grounding of risers and air terminals on existing light poles, is recommended.

  20. Probability, consequences, and mitigation for lightning strikes to Hanford site high-level waste tanks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zach, J.J.

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this report is to summarize selected lightning issues concerning the Hanford Waste Tanks. These issues include the probability of lightning discharge striking the area immediately adjacent to a tank including a riser, the consequences of significant energy deposition from a lightning strike in a tank, and mitigating actions that have been or are being taken. The major conclusion of this report is that the probability of a lightning strike depositing sufficient energy in a tank to cause an effect on employees or the public is unlikely;but there are insufficient, quantitative data on the tanks and waste to prove that. Protection, such as grounding of risers and air terminals on existing light poles, is recommended.

  1. Net quark number probability distribution near the chiral crossover transition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenji Morita; Bengt Friman; Krzysztof Redlich; Vladimir Skokov

    2013-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate properties of the probability distribution of the net quark number near the chiral crossover transition in the quark-meson model. The calculations are performed within the functional renormalization group approach, as well as in the mean-field approximation. We find, that there is a substantial influence of the underlying chiral phase transition on the properties of the probability distribution. In particular, for a physical pion mass, the distribution which includes the effect of mesonic fluctuations, differs considerably from both, the mean-field and Skellam distributions. The latter is considered as a reference for a non-critical behavior. A characteristic feature of the net quark number probability distribution is that, in the vicinity of the chiral crossover transition in the O(4) universality class, it is narrower than the corresponding mean-field and Skellam function. We study the volume dependence of the probability distribution, as well as the resulting cumulants, and discuss their approximate scaling properties.

  2. Beta-hypergeometric probability distribution on symmetric matrices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit茅 de

    Beta-hypergeometric probability distribution on symmetric matrices A. Hassairi , M. Masmoudi, O. Regaig Sfax University Tunisia. Running title: Beta-hypergeometric distribution Abstract : Some remarkable properties of the beta distribution are based on relations in- volving independence between beta

  3. On Transformations between Probability and Spohnian Disbelief Functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giang, Phan H.; Shenoy, Prakash P.

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Such transformations between probability and Spohn's calculi can contribute to (1) a clarification of the semantics of non-probabilistic degree of uncertain belief, and (2) to a construction of a decision theory for such calculi. In practice, the transformations...

  4. BayesDB : querying the probable implications of tabular data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baxter, Jay

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    BayesDB, a Bayesian database table, lets users query the probable implications of their tabular data as easily as an SQL database lets them query the data itself. Using the built-in Bayesian Query Language (BQL), users ...

  5. Inductive inference based on probability and Matthew Weber

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osherson, Daniel

    Inductive inference based on probability and similarity Matthew Weber Princeton University Daniel in the Bayesian sense (Tentori et al., 2007), or as Weber acknowledges support from an NSF graduate research

  6. Calculating the probability of detecting radio signals from alien civilizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marko Horvat

    2007-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Although it might not be self-evident, it is in fact entirely possible to calculate the probability of detecting alien radio signals by understanding what types of extraterrestrial radio emissions can be expected and what properties these emissions can have. Using the Drake equation as the obvious starting point, and logically identifying and enumerating constraints of interstellar radio communications can yield the probability of detecting a genuine alien radio signal.

  7. Calculating the probability of detecting radio signals from alien civilizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horvat, Marko

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Although it might not be self-evident, it is in fact entirely possible to calculate the probability of detecting alien radio signals by understanding what types of extraterrestrial radio emissions can be expected and what properties these emissions can have. Using the Drake equation as the obvious starting point, and logically identifying and enumerating constraints of interstellar radio communications can yield the probability of detecting a genuine alien radio signal.

  8. MTH 164 Practice Exam 4 -Probability Theory Spring 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia-Puente, Luis David

    ) black A) 2 3 B) 1 3 C) 2 5 D) 1 2 1) Find the probability. 2) A bag contains 6 red marbles, 3 blue marbles, and 1 green marble. What is the probability that a randomly selected marble is not blue? A) 7 10 has 22 students, 12 girls and 10 boys. Two students must be selected at random to be in the fall play

  9. The resonance absorption probability function for neutron and multiplicative integral

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. D. Rusov; V. A. Tarasov; S. I. Kosenko; S. A. Chernegenko

    2012-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The analytical approximations for the moderating neutrons flux density like Fermi spectra, widely used in reactor physics, involve the probability function for moderating neutron to avoid the resonant absorption obtained using some restrictive assumptions regarding the acceptable resonances width. By means of multiplicative integral (Volterra integral) theory for a commutative algebra an analytical expression for the probability function is obtained rigorously without any restrictive assumptions.

  10. Hydrologically Sensitive Areas: Variable Source Area Hydrology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    Hydrologically Sensitive Areas: Variable Source Area Hydrology Implications for Water Quality Risk hydrology was developed and applied to the New York City (NYC) water supply watersheds. According and are therefore hydrologically sensitive with respect to their potential to transport contaminants to perennial

  11. AREA COORDINATOR RESIDENTIAL EDUCATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bordenstein, Seth

    AREA COORDINATOR RESIDENTIAL EDUCATION VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY, NASHVILLE, TENNESSEE The Office of Housing and Residential Education at Vanderbilt University is seeking applicants for an Area Coordinator. The Area Coordinator is responsible for assisting in the management and operation of a residential area

  12. Simulation and Estimation of Extreme Quantiles and Extreme Probabilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guyader, Arnaud, E-mail: arnaud.guyader@uhb.fr [Universite Rennes 2 (France); Hengartner, Nicolas [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Information Sciences Group (United States); Matzner-Lober, Eric [Universite Rennes 2 (France)

    2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Let X be a random vector with distribution {mu} on Double-Struck-Capital-R {sup d} and {Phi} be a mapping from Double-Struck-Capital-R {sup d} to Double-Struck-Capital-R . That mapping acts as a black box, e.g., the result from some computer experiments for which no analytical expression is available. This paper presents an efficient algorithm to estimate a tail probability given a quantile or a quantile given a tail probability. The algorithm improves upon existing multilevel splitting methods and can be analyzed using Poisson process tools that lead to exact description of the distribution of the estimated probabilities and quantiles. The performance of the algorithm is demonstrated in a problem related to digital watermarking.

  13. Demonstration Integrated Knowledge-Based System for Estimating Human Error Probabilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Auflick, Jack L.

    1999-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Human Reliability Analysis (HRA) is currently comprised of at least 40 different methods that are used to analyze, predict, and evaluate human performance in probabilistic terms. Systematic HRAs allow analysts to examine human-machine relationships, identify error-likely situations, and provide estimates of relative frequencies for human errors on critical tasks, highlighting the most beneficial areas for system improvements. Unfortunately, each of HRA's methods has a different philosophical approach, thereby producing estimates of human error probabilities (HEPs) that area better or worse match to the error likely situation of interest. Poor selection of methodology, or the improper application of techniques can produce invalid HEP estimates, where that erroneous estimation of potential human failure could have potentially severe consequences in terms of the estimated occurrence of injury, death, and/or property damage.

  14. Surface spin flip probability of mesoscopic Ag wires.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mihajlovic, G.; Pearson, J. E.; Bader, S. D.; Hoffmann, A.

    2010-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Spin relaxation in mesoscopic Ag wires in the diffusive transport regime is studied via nonlocal spin valve and Hanle effect measurements performed on Permalloy/Ag lateral spin valves. The ratio between momentum and spin relaxation times is not constant at low temperatures. This can be explained with the Elliott-Yafet spin relaxation mechanism by considering the momentum surface relaxation time as being temperature dependent. We present a model to separately determine spin flip probabilities for phonon, impurity and surface scattering and find that the spin flip probability is highest for surface scattering.

  15. Probability analysis of dry-day sequences in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milne, Robert James

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    0. d 0. 5 0. 4 0. 3 0. 2 0. 1 0 20 40 d0 80 100 120 140 140 180 200 220 240 240 280 300 320 340 340 JULIAN DATE Fig, 7. Three-cycle maximum and minimum probabilities for Brownsville, Texas. 1. 0 m I a O 0. 9 0. 8 0. 7 0. d 0. 8 0...PROBABILITY ANALYSIS OF DRY-DAY SEQUENCES IN TEXAS A I'hesis by ROBERT SAMES MILNE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE DECEMBER 1971 Major...

  16. Conceptual design of long-span trusses using multi-stage heuristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agarwal, Pranab

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    of evolving optimal trusses in an unstructured problem domain. Topology, geometry and sizing optimization of trusses are simultaneously addressed using a three stage methodology. Multi-objective genetic algorithms are used to optimize the member section sizes...

  17. Multi-stage optimization of ultrabroadband high-energy optical parametric chirped pulse amplification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manzoni, Cristian

    We present a procedure for simultaneous optimization of efficiency-bandwidth product and superfluorescence noise suppression in ultrabroadband high-energy optical parametric chirped pulse amplification. Gain dependence of ...

  18. Government Leasing Policy and the Multi-Stage Investment Timing Game in Offshore Petroleum Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia; Leighty, Wayne

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    externality problem with real options theory. Oil productionJ. (1988). Option valuation of claims on real assets: The

  19. Do Firms Interact Strategically? A Structural Model of the Multi-Stage Investment Timing Game

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    interactions take place on U.S. federal lands in the Gulf of Mexico. In particular, it analyzes whether a firm, Ariel Pakes, Jack Porter, Juan Robalino, Stephen Ryan, M ichael Springborn, Jam es Stock, Stephen Weinb

  20. Accounting for rotation in a multi-stage cyclo-symmetric model -a case study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    . Real rotors are assemblies of stages that have different number of sectors. This mo- tivated predictions of full rotor dynamics. The present paper summarizes the theory and shows that this new ability-symmetric geometries. Classically cyclic-symmetry [1, 2] considers single stage vibration or assumes the whole rotor

  1. Government Leasing Policy and the Multi-Stage Investment Timing Game in Offshore Petroleum Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia; Leighty, Wayne

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The case of o?shore petroleum leases. Quarterly Journal of100 (401), 367-390. [29] Petroleum Production Tax website. (timing game in o?shore petroleum production. Working paper.

  2. Government Leasing Policy and the Multi-Stage Investment Timing Game in Offshore Petroleum Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia; Leighty, Wayne

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Education Center of Excellence and from the UC-Davis Institute of Transportation Studies Sustainable Transportation Energy

  3. ECE 332: Electronics Principles -Can design bias circuits in single and multi-stage amplifiers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schumacher, Russ

    ECE 332: Electronics Principles - ECE331 - Can design bias circuits in single and multi and Design - Can connect devices and evaluate bias circuits and time-varying behavior - Can analyze measurements and display results in Bode plots for transfer functions - Can extract device properties (e

  4. Multi-stage slurry system used for grinding and polishing materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hed, P. Paul (San Ramon, CA); Fuchs, Baruch A. (Aventura, FL)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A slurry system draws slurry from a slurry tank via one of several intake pipes, where each pipe has an intake opening at a different depth in the slurry. The slurry is returned to the slurry tank via a bypass pipe in order to continue the agitation of the slurry. The slurry is then diverted to a delivery pipe, which supplies slurry to a polisher. The flow of slurry in the bypass pipe is stopped in order for the slurry in the slurry tank to begin to settle. As the polishing continues, slurry is removed from shallower depths in order to pull finer grit from the slurry. When the polishing is complete, the flow in the delivery pipe is ceased. The flow of slurry in the bypass pipe is resumed to start agitating the slurry. In another embodiment, the multiple intake pipes are replaced by a single adjustable pipe. As the slurry is settling, the pipe is moved upward to remove the finer grit near the top of the slurry tank as the polishing process continues.

  5. EVALUATING THREAT ASSESSMENT FOR MULTI-STAGE CYBER ATTACKS Shanchieh Jay Yang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jay Yang, Shanchieh

    attacks has become a critical issue, yet different from that of traditional physical attacks. Current behavior, hacking methods, and network vulnerabilities. This is different from traditional physical attacks by traditional physical attacks. The question then is how good a cyber threat assessment algorithm one should

  6. Solving multi-stage stochastic mixed integer linear programs by the ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Finally, a numerical test on a real problem in energy market is provided. Keywords integer programming, stochastic programming, dual dynamic program- ming...

  7. applying multi-arm multi-stage: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    broad and natural classes of strategy sets and payoff functions which enable the design of efficient solutions. In this work we study a very general setting for the...

  8. Analysis and mitigation of key losses in a multi-stage 25-100 K cryocooler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Segado, Martin Alan

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A need exists for small, robust, and efficient cryocoolers operating in the 25-100 K range; however, while technological advances have enabled the development of such machines, a greater understanding of the losses affecting ...

  9. Multi-stage linear slot virtual impactor for concentration of bioaerosols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conerly, Shawn Charles

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    in parallel for the first stage with the designed dimensions of 87 mm (3.4?) for the throat length, 0.305 mm (.012?) for the accelerator throat width, and 0.457 mm (.018?) for the receiver throat width. The second stage contained a single unit...

  10. E-Print Network 3.0 - axial flow multi-stage Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Gas Turbine Simulation Laboratory Collection: Engineering 36 Conventional pulse-tube refrigera-tors may be robust and reliable, Summary: ) researchers have developed a...

  11. Modeling wellbore pressure with application to multi-stage, acid-stimulation treatment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ejofodomi, Efejera A.

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    for estimating the bottomhole pressure (BHP) for stimulating fluids including foam ....................................................................37 5.2 Effect of proppant on predicted BHP... solid phase). For most hydraulic fracturing treatments, three-phase foams are normally formed by the addition of a solid phase (proppant). The manner in which the individual phases are distributed in the wellbore greatly affects the slippage between...

  12. Traffic-Aware Multi-Channel Multi-Stage Spectrum Sensing Protocols for Dynamic Spectrum Access

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabran, Wesam Ramy I. F.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    radios search for licensed spectral vacancies by performing spectrumspectrum sensing protocol, a DSA radio has to period- ically scan the licensedspectrum scarcity. All usable radio frequencies are already licensed

  13. The development of a rotordynamics computer code to analyze multi- stage centrifugal pumps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gajan, Richard James

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    significant effect on rotordynamic calculations. The Thesis based on Journal of Mechanics and Ph sics of Solids. bearing damping not only increased the dynamic stiffness in the bearing, but caused the rotor's mode shapes to be three dimensional. Then Pace... linear support stiffnesses. However, the pumps have seals as well as nonlinear bearings and, therefore, the pumps are statically indeterminate. Since the static displacement of the shaft is unknown, the bearing eccentricity ratio and the bearing...

  14. Government Leasing Policy and the Multi-Stage Investment Timing Game in Offshore Petroleum Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia; Leighty, Wayne

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    while the Gulf of Mexico oil production is o?shore in atanker travel while Gulf of Mexico oil is delivered directlybut many in the Gulf of Mexico. Alaska oil is delivered to

  15. Modelling and Analysis of Multi-Stage Systems of Mistuned Bladed Disks Denis Laxaldea,, Christophe Pierrea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    turbine engines, which feature improved design and optimisation, lightweight material and increa of a successful design process. Structural uncertainty may be due to numerous factors such as material) quantification of uncertainties in complex computational models. In turbine engines rotating components (bladed

  16. Relationships among probability distributions of stream discharges in floods, climate,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mojzsis, Stephen J.

    Relationships among probability distributions of stream discharges in floods, climate, bed load of both follow power laws. The number N(Q) of days on which the discharge exceeds Q, or the number of the United States. To examine the effect of climate change on bed load transport and river incision, we

  17. Adaptive MFR Parameter Control: Fixed vs. Variable Probabilities of Detection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Hanbali, Ahmad

    probability on measurement level, i.c. plot level, should be fixed. This is done either by fixing.boers,hans.driessen,jitse.zwaga}@nl.thalesgroup.com keywords: Multi Function Radar, Tracking, Optimization Abstract In this paper an efficient adaptive parameter control scheme for Multi Function Radar (MFR) is used. The scheme has been designed in such a way

  18. Probability around the Quantum Gravity. Part 1: Planar Pure Gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Probability around the Quantum Gravity. Part 1: Planar Pure Gravity V.A.Malyshev \\Lambda September 17, 1998 Abstract In this paper we study stochastic dynamics which leaves quantum gravity equilibrium science and biology. At the same time the paper can serve an intro颅 duction to quantum gravity

  19. Forecasting wave height probabilities with numerical weather prediction models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stevenson, Paul

    Forecasting wave height probabilities with numerical weather prediction models Mark S. Roulstona; Numerical weather prediction 1. Introduction Wave forecasting is now an integral part of operational weather methods for generating such forecasts from numerical model output from the European Centre for Medium

  20. 1997 by M. Kostic Ch.4: Probability and Statistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kostic, Milivoje M.

    1 漏1997 by M. Kostic Ch.4: Probability and Statistics Variations due to: 路 Measurement System. 漏1997 by M. Kostic Statistical Measurement Theory 路 Sample - a set of measured data 路 Measurand - measured variable 路 (True) mean value: (x') xmean #12;2 漏1997 by M. Kostic Mean Value and Uncertainty x

  1. Calculating the probability of injected carbon dioxide plumes encountering faults

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jordan, P.D.

    2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the main concerns of storage in saline aquifers is leakage via faults. In the early stages of site selection, site-specific fault coverages are often not available for these aquifers. This necessitates a method using available fault data to estimate the probability of injected carbon dioxide encountering and migrating up a fault. The probability of encounter can be calculated from areal fault density statistics from available data, and carbon dioxide plume dimensions from numerical simulation. Given a number of assumptions, the dimension of the plume perpendicular to a fault times the areal density of faults with offsets greater than some threshold of interest provides probability of the plume encountering such a fault. Application of this result to a previously planned large-scale pilot injection in the southern portion of the San Joaquin Basin yielded a 3% and 7% chance of the plume encountering a fully and half seal offsetting fault, respectively. Subsequently available data indicated a half seal-offsetting fault at a distance from the injection well that implied a 20% probability of encounter for a plume sufficiently large to reach it.

  2. The Annals of Probability 2007, Vol. 35, No. 1, 131

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sepp盲l盲inen, Timo

    operates as follows. An environment is chosen from the distribution P and fixed for all time. Pick probability distribution Pz(dX,d) = P z (dX)P(d) on walks and environments is called the joint annealed law IN A RANDOM ENVIRONMENT WITH A FORBIDDEN DIRECTION BY FIRAS RASSOUL-AGHA AND TIMO SEPP?L?INEN1 University

  3. Joint probability of precipitation and discharge deficits in the Netherlands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beersma, Jules

    Joint probability of precipitation and discharge deficits in the Netherlands Jules J. Beersma and T. Adri Buishand Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute, De Bilt, The Netherlands Received 14 April] The Netherlands are situated at the downstream end of the Rhine River. A large part of the country can be supplied

  4. Generic Degraded Congiguration Probability Analysis for DOE Codisposal Waste Package

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    S.F.A. Deng; M. Saglam; L.J. Gratton

    2001-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    In accordance with the technical work plan, ''Technical Work Plan For: Department of Energy Spent Nuclear Fuel Work Packages'' (CRWMS M&O 2000c), this Analysis/Model Report (AMR) is developed for the purpose of screening out degraded configurations for U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) spent nuclear fuel (SNF) types. It performs the degraded configuration parameter and probability evaluations of the overall methodology specified in the ''Disposal Criticality Analysis Methodology Topical Report'' (YMP 2000, Section 3) to qualifying configurations. Degradation analyses are performed to assess realizable parameter ranges and physical regimes for configurations. Probability calculations are then performed for configurations characterized by k{sub eff} in excess of the Critical Limit (CL). The scope of this document is to develop a generic set of screening criteria or models to screen out degraded configurations having potential for exceeding a criticality limit. The developed screening criteria include arguments based on physical/chemical processes and probability calculations and apply to DOE SNF types when codisposed with the high-level waste (HLW) glass inside a waste package. The degradation takes place inside the waste package and is long after repository licensing has expired. The emphasis of this AMR is on degraded configuration screening and the probability analysis is one of the approaches used for screening. The intended use of the model is to apply the developed screening criteria to each DOE SNF type following the completion of the degraded mode criticality analysis internal to the waste package.

  5. Local Privacy and Minimax Bounds: Sharp Rates for Probability Estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jordan, Michael I.

    . Jordan1,2 Martin J. Wainwright1,2 1 Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science 2Local Privacy and Minimax Bounds: Sharp Rates for Probability Estimation John C. Duchi1 Michael I Department of Statistics University of California, Berkeley {jduchi

  6. BRIEF COMMUNICATIONS A probable spawning aggregation of the leather bass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of herbivores that facilitate leather bass predation on benthic fishes and crustaceans (Montgomery, 1975). Of the 122 reef fish species in Revillagigedo recorded on scuba dives in February 2006, the leather bassBRIEF COMMUNICATIONS A probable spawning aggregation of the leather bass Dermatolepis dermatolepis

  7. Modeling highway travel time distribution with conditional probability models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oliveira Neto, Francisco Moraes [ORNL] [ORNL; Chin, Shih-Miao [ORNL] [ORNL; Hwang, Ho-Ling [ORNL] [ORNL; Han, Lee [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)] [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ABSTRACT Under the sponsorship of the Federal Highway Administration's Office of Freight Management and Operations, the American Transportation Research Institute (ATRI) has developed performance measures through the Freight Performance Measures (FPM) initiative. Under this program, travel speed information is derived from data collected using wireless based global positioning systems. These telemetric data systems are subscribed and used by trucking industry as an operations management tool. More than one telemetric operator submits their data dumps to ATRI on a regular basis. Each data transmission contains truck location, its travel time, and a clock time/date stamp. Data from the FPM program provides a unique opportunity for studying the upstream-downstream speed distributions at different locations, as well as different time of the day and day of the week. This research is focused on the stochastic nature of successive link travel speed data on the continental United States Interstates network. Specifically, a method to estimate route probability distributions of travel time is proposed. This method uses the concepts of convolution of probability distributions and bivariate, link-to-link, conditional probability to estimate the expected distributions for the route travel time. Major contribution of this study is the consideration of speed correlation between upstream and downstream contiguous Interstate segments through conditional probability. The established conditional probability distributions, between successive segments, can be used to provide travel time reliability measures. This study also suggests an adaptive method for calculating and updating route travel time distribution as new data or information is added. This methodology can be useful to estimate performance measures as required by the recent Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP 21).

  8. Geothermal br Resource br Area Geothermal br Resource br Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Basalt K Eburru Geothermal Area Eburru Geothermal Area East African Rift System Kenya Rift Basalt Fukushima Geothermal Area Fukushima Geothermal Area Northeast Honshu Arc...

  9. METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREA OUTLOOK MORGANTOWN COLLEGE OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS Bureau to be repeated over the next five years. The Morgantown Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) had an average annual

  10. Wetland Preservation Areas (Minnesota)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A wetland owner can apply to the host county for designation of a wetland preservation area. Once designated, the area remains designated until the owner initiates expiration, except where a state...

  11. Wildlife Management Areas (Maryland)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Wildlife Management Areas exist in the State of Maryland as wildlife sanctuaries, and vehicles, tree removal, and construction are severely restricted in these areas. Some of these species are also...

  12. Describing Leaf Area Distribution in Loblolly Pine Trees with Johnson's SB Function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Quang V.

    of leaf area of a wide variety of loblolly pine trees. FOR. SCI. 51(2):93颅101. Key Words: ProbabilityDescribing Leaf Area Distribution in Loblolly Pine Trees with Johnson's SB Function Mauricio Jerez fractions of leaf area calculated with fitted SB functions matched measured values well; cumulative values

  13. Protected Areas Stacy Philpott

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gottgens, Hans

    Convention of Biological Diversity, 1992 #12;IUCN Protected Area Management Categories Ia. Strict Nature. Protected Landscape/ Seascape VI. Managed Resource Protected Area #12;Ia. Strict Nature Preserves and Ib. Wilderness Areas Natural preservation Research No No #12;II. National Parks Ecosystem protection

  14. Thermodynamic Limits, Non-commutative Probability, and Quantum Entanglement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph F. Johnson

    2005-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

    We construct a rigourous model of quantum measurement. A two-state model of a negative temperature amplifier, such as a laser, is taken to a classical thermodynamic limit. In the limit, it becomes a classical measurement apparatus obeying the stochastic axioms of quantum mechanics. Thus we derive the probabilities from a deterministic Schroedinger's equation by procedures analogous to those of classical statistical mechanics. This requires making precise the notion of `macroscopic.'

  15. Integrable probability: From representation theory to Macdonald processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexei Borodin; Leonid Petrov

    2014-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

    These are lecture notes for a mini-course given at the Cornell Probability Summer School in July 2013. Topics include lozenge tilings of polygons and their representation theoretic interpretation, the (q,t)-deformation of those leading to the Macdonald processes, nearest neighbor dynamics on Macdonald processes, their limit to semi-discrete Brownian polymers, and large time asymptotic analysis of polymer's partition function.

  16. Linear Algebra and Probability For Computer Science Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Ernest

    , last para before section 9.3.1, 2nd and 3rd line: ". . . a 0.25 probability of a net utility of 4. p. 89, line before Theorem 4.23: c should be v. 6. p. 150 line -4. The inequalities should be -x + y. 7. p. 141 line -12 (including the formulas): "then s is only the line from p to q only

  17. Non-commutative probability I: Operator algebras background

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anshelevich, Michael

    be a compact set, then A = C(, C) is a C-algebra with complex conjugation f = 炉f and supremum norm f = f . Note-algebra is a concrete C-algebra". 3 #12;To do probability, want an analog of the L(). A von Neumann algebra general- izations of Mn then B(H). 8 #12;Random variables, real values hermitian (self

  18. Biomolecular committor probability calculation enabled by processing in network storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Izaguirre, Jes煤s A.

    -processing frameworks such as SETI@home [2] and Folding@home [3] have been successfully mapped to wide-area resources

  19. SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ACTIVITIES FOR CHROMIUM IN THE 100 AREAS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    PETERSEN SW

    2009-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

    {sm_bullet} Primary Objective: Protect the Columbia River - Focus is control and treatment of contamination at or near the shoreline, which is influenced by bank storage {sm_bullet} Secondary Objective: Reduce hexavalent chromium to <48 parts per billion (ppb) in aquifer (drinking water standard) - Large plumes with isolated areas of high chromium concentrations (> 40,000 ppb), - Unknown source location(s); probably originating in reactor operation areas

  20. Evaluations of Structural Failure Probabilities and Candidate Inservice Inspection Programs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khaleel, Mohammad A.; Simonen, Fredric A.

    2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The work described in this report applies probabilistic structural mechanics models to predict the reliability of nuclear pressure boundary components. These same models are then applied to evaluate the effectiveness of alternative programs for inservice inspection to reduce these failure probabilities. Results of the calculations support the development and implementation of risk-informed inservice inspection of piping and vessels. Studies have specifically addressed the potential benefits of ultrasonic inspections to reduce failure probabilities associated with fatigue crack growth and stress-corrosion cracking. Parametric calculations were performed with the computer code pc-PRAISE to generate an extensive set of plots to cover a wide range of pipe wall thicknesses, cyclic operating stresses, and inspection strategies. The studies have also addressed critical inputs to fracture mechanics calculations such as the parameters that characterize the number and sizes of fabrication flaws in piping welds. Other calculations quantify uncertainties associated with the inputs calculations, the uncertainties in the fracture mechanics models, and the uncertainties in the resulting calculated failure probabilities. A final set of calculations address the effects of flaw sizing errors on the effectiveness of inservice inspection programs.

  1. What is the probability that radiation caused a particular cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Voelz, G.L.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Courts, lawyers, health physicists, physicians, and others are searching for a credible answer to the question posed in the title of this paper. The cases in which the question arises frequently stem from an individual that has cancer and they, or their next-of-kin, are convinced that a past radiation exposure - usually small - is responsible for causing it. An arithmetic expression of this problem is simple: the probability of causation by the radiation dose in question is equal to the risk of cancer from the radiation dose divided by the risk of cancer from all causes. The application of risk factors to this equation is not so simple. It must involve careful evaluation of the reliability of and variations in risk coefficients for development of cancer due to radiation exposure, other carcinogenic agents, and natural causes for the particular individual. Examination of our knowledge of these various factors indicates that a large range in the answers can result due to the variability and imprecision of the data. Nevertheless, the attempts to calculate and the probability that radiation caused the cancer is extremely useful to provide a gross perspective on the probability of causation. It will likely rule in or out a significant number of cases despite the limitations in our understandings of the etiology of cancer and the risks from various factors. For the remaining cases, a thoughtful and educated judgment based on selected data and circumstances of the case will also be needed before the expert can develop and support his opinion.

  2. AREA 5 RWMS CLOSURE

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    TRU material in the trench because there is no groundwater pathway under foreseeable climate conditions. The Area 5 RWMS probabilistic PA model can be modified and used to...

  3. Groundwater Management Areas (Texas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This legislation authorizes the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality and the Texas Water Development Board to establish Groundwater Management Areas to provide for the conservation,...

  4. ENGI 4421 Probability and Statistics Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    George, Glyn

    ENGI 4421 Probability and Statistics Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science Problem Set 2 to 1 on". What is the engineer's probability for this event? Odds of "7 to 1 on": r = 7 probability 7 1 Solutions [Introduction to Probability; odds, Venn diagrams, decision trees] 1. Draw a decision tree

  5. Reduced Probabilities of E2-Transitions in {sup 174}Yb

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Okhunov, A. A. [Quantum Science Center Department of Physics, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); Institute for Nuclear Physics, Academy Science of Uzbekistan, 100214 Tashkent (Uzbekistan); Kassim, Hasan Abu [Quantum Science Center Department of Physics, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia)

    2011-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the ground (gr) and exited states of even-even deformed nuclei with a phenomenological model, which takes into account the mixing of gr states, 0{sub n}{sup +}({beta}{sub n})-, 2{sub n}{sup +}({gamma}{sub n})- and {Kappa}{sup {pi}} 1{sub n}{sup +}- rotational bands. The calculation has been done for the isotope Yb. The energy spectra are found to be consistent with the energies from experimental data. The reduced probabilities of the electric quadrupole E2-transitions from {beta}{sub n} and {gamma}{sub n} band states are calculated and agree quite well with the experimental values.

  6. Approximating Probability Density Functions with Mixtures of Truncated Exponentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cobb, Barry R.; Shenoy, Prakash P.; Rumi, Rafael

    2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ). Thus, the parameters to be estimated are a 0k , a 1k , a 2k ,a 3k , b (j) 1k ,b (j) 2k and b (j) 3k . Define ? ? (k) (x;? mk ) (abbreviated ? ? (k) (x)) as the initial MTE approximation for PDF f X (x) in interval D k .To estimate the parameters ? mk... = {a 0mk ,a 1mk ,a 2mk ,a 3mk ,b (j) 1mk ,b (j) 2mk ,b (j) 3mk } in (1), the discrete approximation to KL divergence between the standard PDF and the MTE approximation is minimized sub- ject to continuity, probability mass and non-negativity constraints...

  7. Simplifying Probability Elicitation and Uncertainty Modeling in Bayesian Networks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paulson, Patrick R.; Carroll, Thomas E.; Sivaraman, Chitra; Neorr, Peter A.; Unwin, Stephen D.; Hossain, Shamina S.

    2011-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we contribute two methods that simplify the demands of knowledge elicitation for particular types of Bayesian networks. The ?rst method simplify the task of providing probabilities when the states that a random variable takes can be described by a new, fully ordered state set in which a state implies all the preceding states. The second method leverages Dempster-Shafer theory of evidence to provide a way for the expert to express the degree of ignorance that they feel about the estimates being provided.

  8. Probability Tables for Mendelian Ratios with Small Numbers.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Warwick, B. L. (Bruce L.)

    1932-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -called ex- Total ...-...-..-..-....-.--. .9999 pected may lead to error in interpretation rather than serving as a valuable aid as it does with large numbers. Examples with other small numbers could be given, but this should iIIustrate the points... is set off so as to show the point beyond which the total probability in that direction is .0050 or less. Mendelian Ratios Combi- 1 130 121 112 10 3 9 4 8 5 7 6 6 7 5 8 4 9 3 10 2 11 .On95 0028 .O002 .. -- I ---- - 1 12 .0016 .0004...

  9. A short course on measure and probability theories.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    P詄bay, Philippe Pierre

    2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This brief Introduction to Measure Theory, and its applications to Probabilities, corresponds to the lecture notes of a seminar series given at Sandia National Laboratories in Livermore, during the spring of 2003. The goal of these seminars was to provide a minimal background to Computational Combustion scientists interested in using more advanced stochastic concepts and methods, e.g., in the context of uncertainty quantification. Indeed, most mechanical engineering curricula do not provide students with formal training in the field of probability, and even in less in measure theory. However, stochastic methods have been used more and more extensively in the past decade, and have provided more successful computational tools. Scientists at the Combustion Research Facility of Sandia National Laboratories have been using computational stochastic methods for years. Addressing more and more complex applications, and facing difficult problems that arose in applications showed the need for a better understanding of theoretical foundations. This is why the seminar series was launched, and these notes summarize most of the concepts which have been discussed. The goal of the seminars was to bring a group of mechanical engineers and computational combustion scientists to a full understanding of N. WIENER'S polynomial chaos theory. Therefore, these lectures notes are built along those lines, and are not intended to be exhaustive. In particular, the author welcomes any comments or criticisms.

  10. Decontamination & decommissioning focus area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In January 1994, the US Department of Energy Office of Environmental Management (DOE EM) formally introduced its new approach to managing DOE`s environmental research and technology development activities. The goal of the new approach is to conduct research and development in critical areas of interest to DOE, utilizing the best talent in the Department and in the national science community. To facilitate this solutions-oriented approach, the Office of Science and Technology (EM-50, formerly the Office of Technology Development) formed five Focus AReas to stimulate the required basic research, development, and demonstration efforts to seek new, innovative cleanup methods. In February 1995, EM-50 selected the DOE Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC) to lead implementation of one of these Focus Areas: the Decontamination and Decommissioning (D & D) Focus Area.

  11. Geographic Area Month

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Fuels by PAD District and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Month No. 1 Distillate No. 2 Distillate a No. 4 Fuel b Sales to End Users Sales for...

  12. 300 Area Disturbance Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    LL Hale; MK Wright; NA Cadoret

    1999-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this study was to define areas of previous disturbance in the 300 Area of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Hanford Site to eliminate these areas from the cultural resource review process, reduce cultural resource monitoring costs, and allow cultural resource specialists to focus on areas where subsurface disturbance is minimal or nonexistent. Research into available sources suggests that impacts from excavations have been significant wherever the following construction activities have occurred: building basements and pits, waste ponds, burial grounds, trenches, installation of subsurface pipelines, power poles, water hydrants, and well construction. Beyond the areas just mentioned, substrates in the' 300 Area consist of a complex, multidimen- sional mosaic composed of undisturbed stratigraphy, backfill, and disturbed sediments; Four Geographic Information System (GIS) maps were created to display known areas of disturbance in the 300 Area. These maps contain information gleaned from a variety of sources, but the primary sources include the Hanford GIS database system, engineer drawings, and historic maps. In addition to these maps, several assumptions can be made about areas of disturbance in the 300 Area as a result of this study: o o Buried pipelines are not always located where they are mapped. As a result, cultural resource monitors or specialists should not depend on maps depicting subsurface pipelines for accurate locations of previous disturbance. Temporary roads built in the early 1940s were placed on layers of sand and gravel 8 to 12 in. thick. Given this information, it is likely that substrates beneath these early roads are only minimally disturbed. Building foundations ranged from concrete slabs no more than 6 to 8 in. thick to deeply excavated pits and basements. Buildings constructed with slab foundations are more numerous than may be expected, and minimally disturbed substrates may be expected in these locations. Historic black and white photographs provide a partial record of some excavations, including trenches, building basements, and material lay-down yards. Estimates of excavation depth and width can be made, but these estimates are not accurate enough to pinpoint the exact location where the disturbedhmdisturbed interface is located (e.g., camera angles were such that depths and/or widths of excavations could not be accurately determined or estimated). In spite of these limitations, these photographs provide essential information. Aerial and historic low-level photographs have captured what appears to be backfill throughout much of the eastern portion of the 300 Area-near the Columbia River shoreline. This layer of fill has likely afforded some protection for the natural landscape buried beneath the fill. This assumption fits nicely with the intermittent and inadvertent discoveries of hearths and stone tools documented through the years in this part of the 300 Area. Conversely, leveling of sand dunes appears to be substantial in the northwestern portion of the 300 Area during the early stages of development. o Project files and engineer drawings do not contain information on any impromptu but necessary adjustments made on the ground during project implementation-after the design phase. Further, many projects are planned and mapped but never implemented-this information is also not often placed in project files. Specific recommendations for a 300 Area cultural resource monitoring strategy are contained in the final section of this document. In general, it is recommended that monitoring continue for all projects located within 400 m of the Columbia River. The 400-m zone is culturally sensitive and likely retains some of the most intact buried substrates in the 300 Area.

  13. Net-proton probability distribution in heavy ion collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Braun-Munzinger; B. Friman; F. Karsch; K. Redlich; V. Skokov

    2011-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We compute net-proton probability distributions in heavy ion collisions within the hadron resonance gas model. The model results are compared with data taken by the STAR Collaboration in Au-Au collisions at sqrt(s_{NN})= 200 GeV for different centralities. We show that in peripheral Au-Au collisions the measured distributions, and the resulting first four moments of net-proton fluctuations, are consistent with results obtained from the hadron resonance gas model. However, data taken in central Au-Au collisions differ from the predictions of the model. The observed deviations can not be attributed to uncertainties in model parameters. We discuss possible interpretations of the observed deviations.

  14. Bayesian failure probability model sensitivity study. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1986-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The Office of the Manager, National Communications System (OMNCS) has developed a system-level approach for estimating the effects of High-Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse (HEMP) on the connectivity of telecommunications networks. This approach incorporates a Bayesian statistical model which estimates the HEMP-induced failure probabilities of telecommunications switches and transmission facilities. The purpose of this analysis is to address the sensitivity of the Bayesian model. This is done by systematically varying two model input parameters--the number of observations, and the equipment failure rates. Throughout the study, a non-informative prior distribution is used. The sensitivity of the Bayesian model to the noninformative prior distribution is investigated from a theoretical mathematical perspective.

  15. Seismic pulse propagation with constant Q and stable probability distributions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Francesco Mainardi; Massimo Tomirotti

    2010-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The one-dimensional propagation of seismic waves with constant Q is shown to be governed by an evolution equation of fractional order in time, which interpolates the heat equation and the wave equation. The fundamental solutions for the Cauchy and Signalling problems are expressed in terms of entire functions (of Wright type) in the similarity variable and their behaviours turn out to be intermediate between those for the limiting cases of a perfectly viscous fluid and a perfectly elastic solid. In view of the small dissipation exhibited by the seismic pulses, the nearly elastic limit is considered. Furthermore, the fundamental solutions for the Cauchy and Signalling problems are shown to be related to stable probability distributions with index of stability determined by the order of the fractional time derivative in the evolution equation.

  16. How to Determine the Probability of the Higgs Boson Detection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Unzicker

    2009-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The Higgs boson is the most important, though yet undiscovered ingredient of the standard model of particle physics. Its detection is therefore one of the most important goals of high energy physics that can guide future research in theoretical physics. Enormous efforts have been undertaken to prove the existence of the Higgs boson, and the physics community is excitedly awaiting the restart of the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. But how sure can we be that the Higgs exits at all? The German philosopher Immanuel Kant recommended betting at such controversial questions, and Stephen Hawking announced a $100 bet against the Higgs. But seriously, online prediction markets, which are a generalized form of betting, do provide the best possible probability estimates for future events. It is proposed that the scientific community uses this platforms for evaluation. See also an online description www.Bet-On-The-Higgs.com.

  17. Matter-enhanced transition probabilities in quantum field theory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ishikawa, Kenzo, E-mail: ishikawa@particle.sci.hokudai.ac.jp; Tobita, Yutaka

    2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The relativistic quantum field theory is the unique theory that combines the relativity and quantum theory and is invariant under the Poincar transformation. The ground state, vacuum, is singlet and one particle states are transformed as elements of irreducible representation of the group. The covariant one particles are momentum eigenstates expressed by plane waves and extended in space. Although the S-matrix defined with initial and final states of these states hold the symmetries and are applied to isolated states, out-going states for the amplitude of the event that they are detected at a finite-time interval T in experiments are expressed by microscopic states that they interact with, and are surrounded by matters in detectors and are not plane waves. These matter-induced effects modify the probabilities observed in realistic situations. The transition amplitudes and probabilities of the events are studied with the S-matrix, S[T], that satisfies the boundary condition at T. Using S[T], the finite-size corrections of the form of 1/T are found. The corrections to Fermi抯 golden rule become larger than the original values in some situations for light particles. They break Lorentz invariance even in high energy region of short de Broglie wave lengths. -- Highlights: 昐-matrix S[T] for the finite-time interval in relativistic field theory. 昐[T] satisfies the boundary condition and gives correction of 1/T . 昑he large corrections for light particles breaks Lorentz invariance. 昑he corrections have implications to neutrino experiments.

  18. Estimating Rear-End Accident Probabilities at Signalized Intersections: An Occurrence-Mechanism Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yinhai

    Estimating Rear-End Accident Probabilities at Signalized Intersections: An Occurrence intersections, rear-end accidents are frequently the predominant accident type. These accidents result from to this deceleration. This paper mathematically represents this process, by expressing accident probability

  19. OLED area illumination source

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Foust, Donald Franklin (Scotia, NY); Duggal, Anil Raj (Niskayuna, NY); Shiang, Joseph John (Niskayuna, NY); Nealon, William Francis (Gloversville, NY); Bortscheller, Jacob Charles (Clifton Park, NY)

    2008-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention relates to an area illumination light source comprising a plurality of individual OLED panels. The individual OLED panels are configured in a physically modular fashion. Each OLED panel comprising a plurality of OLED devices. Each OLED panel comprises a first electrode and a second electrode such that the power being supplied to each individual OLED panel may be varied independently. A power supply unit capable of delivering varying levels of voltage simultaneously to the first and second electrodes of each of the individual OLED panels is also provided. The area illumination light source also comprises a mount within which the OLED panels are arrayed.

  20. Systematics of delayed neutron emission probabilities in medium mass nuclides (fission products)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nir-El, Y

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The systematic behavior of emission probabilities was found to be determined by the nuclear pairing and the mass region of the precursor. The derivation of the systematics is based on a simplification of the general formula of the emission probability. The comparison made with the available experimental data leads to a semi- empirical formula for delayed neutron probabilities. This formula was used for the prediction of unknown values of emission probabilities for unidentified precursors.

  1. MEASUREMENT OF BUILDING AREAS MEASUREMENT OF BUILDING AREAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yan

    ) Common Use Areas All floored areas in the building for circulation and standard facilities provided and the like. These are extracts of NWPC standard method of measurement of building areas with an addition fromSection S ANNEXURE 4 MEASUREMENT OF BUILDING AREAS MEASUREMENT OF BUILDING AREAS 1. GROSS BUILDING

  2. The probability of containment failure by direct containment heating in Zion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pilch, M.M. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Yan, H.; Theofanous, T.G. [California Univ., Santa Barbara, CA (United States)

    1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is the first step in the resolution of the Direct Containment Heating (DCH) issue for the Zion Nuclear Power Plant using the Risk Oriented Accident Analysis Methodology (ROAAM). This report includes the definition of a probabilistic framework that decomposes the DCH problem into three probability density functions that reflect the most uncertain initial conditions (UO{sub 2} mass, zirconium oxidation fraction, and steel mass). Uncertainties in the initial conditions are significant, but our quantification approach is based on establishing reasonable bounds that are not unnecessarily conservative. To this end, we also make use of the ROAAM ideas of enveloping scenarios and ``splintering.`` Two causal relations (CRs) are used in this framework: CR1 is a model that calculates the peak pressure in the containment as a function of the initial conditions, and CR2 is a model that returns the frequency of containment failure as a function of pressure within the containment. Uncertainty in CR1 is accounted for by the use of two independently developed phenomenological models, the Convection Limited Containment Heating (CLCH) model and the Two-Cell Equilibrium (TCE) model, and by probabilistically distributing the key parameter in both, which is the ratio of the melt entrainment time to the system blowdown time constant. The two phenomenological models have been compared with an extensive database including recent integral simulations at two different physical scales. The containment load distributions do not intersect the containment strength (fragility) curve in any significant way, resulting in containment failure probabilities less than 10{sup {minus}3} for all scenarios considered. Sensitivity analyses did not show any areas of large sensitivity.

  3. Ultra-LowEnergy Computingwith Noise: Energy-Performance-Probability Trade-offs*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ultra-LowEnergy Computingwith Noise: Energy-Performance-Probability Trade-offs* Pinar Korkrnaz with a probability p. Thispaper investigates the trade-o$s between the energy, pet$ormance and probability of design trade-offs associated with its speed (or performance), energy and p. The characterizationis

  4. MTH734U-MTHM012 Topics in Probability & Stochastic Processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stark, Dudley

    MTH734U-MTHM012 Topics in Probability & Stochastic Processes Problem Sheet 9 1. Consider the 2 probabilities Pi,j(t) for i, j S. (c) Determine the limiting probabilities i for i S. 3. Sam Lacker) What is the generator matrix G? (b) What is the long-run proportion of time Sam is able to study? (c

  5. APPL: A Probability Programming Language Maj. Andrew G. GLEN, Diane L. EVANS, and Lawrence M. LEEMIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leemis, Larry

    APPL: A Probability Programming Language Maj. Andrew G. GLEN, Diane L. EVANS, and Lawrence M having arbitrary distributions. This arti- cle presents a prototype probability package named APPL (A probability software package, referred to as "A Prob- ability Programming Language" (APPL), that fills

  6. 1. Department, Course Number, Title ORE 608, Probability and Statistics for Ocean Engineers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frandsen, Jannette B.

    1. Department, Course Number, Title ORE 608, Probability and Statistics for Ocean Engineers 2-spectra, and practical applications in ocean engineering. Pre: 607 or consent. 4. Prerequisites Calculus Probability and ocean engineering. 7. Topics Covered Random Variables Monte Carlo Methods Probability Density Functions

  7. ENGI 4421 Probability and Statistics Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    George, Glyn

    ENGI 4421 Probability and Statistics Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science Some Practice surviving a current of 3 礎 for 2 hours is "4 to 1 against". What is the engineer's probability for this event? (b) An engineer states that the probability of another prototype microchip surviving a current

  8. ENGI 4421 Probability and Statistics Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    George, Glyn

    ENGI 4421 Probability and Statistics Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science Problem Set 5 Probability distributions, expectation, variance 1. A discrete function of x is defined by ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 1 8 3 4 1, 1 0 0 otherwis x p x x e = - + = = (a) Verify that p(x) is a well-defined probability

  9. ENGI 4421 Probability and Statistics Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    George, Glyn

    ENGI 4421 Probability and Statistics Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science Problem Set 2 MN for 25 years is "7 to 1 on". What is the engineer's probability for this event? 3. The event E [Introduction to Probability; odds, Venn diagrams, decision trees] 1. Draw a decision tree, involving choice

  10. Subsurface contaminants focus area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Department of Enregy (DOE) Subsurface Contaminants Focus Area is developing technologies to address environmental problems associated with hazardous and radioactive contaminants in soil and groundwater that exist throughout the DOE complex, including radionuclides, heavy metals; and dense non-aqueous phase liquids (DNAPLs). More than 5,700 known DOE groundwater plumes have contaminated over 600 billion gallons of water and 200 million cubic meters of soil. Migration of these plumes threatens local and regional water sources, and in some cases has already adversely impacted off-site rsources. In addition, the Subsurface Contaminants Focus Area is responsible for supplying technologies for the remediation of numerous landfills at DOE facilities. These landfills are estimated to contain over 3 million cubic meters of radioactive and hazardous buried Technology developed within this specialty area will provide efective methods to contain contaminant plumes and new or alternative technologies for development of in situ technologies to minimize waste disposal costs and potential worker exposure by treating plumes in place. While addressing contaminant plumes emanating from DOE landfills, the Subsurface Contaminants Focus Area is also working to develop new or alternative technologies for the in situ stabilization, and nonintrusive characterization of these disposal sites.

  11. MSL ENTERANCE REFERENCE AREA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aalberts, Daniel P.

    MSL ENTERANCE LOBBY ELEV STAIRS SSL-019 REFERENCE AREA SSL-021 GROUP STUDY SSL-018 STUDY ROOM SSL-029 SSL-020 COPY ROOM SSL-022 GROUP STUDY SSL-026 STACKS SSL-023 GROUP STUDY SSL-024 GROUP STUDY SSL TBL-014 TBL-014A STAIRS SSL-007 GIS/ WORKROOM SSL-011 SSL-008 SSL-009 SSL-010 SSL-014 SSL-017 STAIRS

  12. Plutonium focus area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To ensure research and development programs focus on the most pressing environmental restoration and waste management problems at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the Assistant Secretary for the Office of Environmental Management (EM) established a working group in August 1993 to implement a new approach to research and technology development. As part of this new approach, EM developed a management structure and principles that led to the creation of specific Focus Areas. These organizations were designed to focus the scientific and technical talent throughout DOE and the national scientific community on the major environmental restoration and waste management problems facing DOE. The Focus Area approach provides the framework for intersite cooperation and leveraging of resources on common problems. After the original establishment of five major Focus Areas within the Office of Technology Development (EM-50, now called the Office of Science and Technology), the Nuclear Materials Stabilization Task Group (EM-66) followed the structure already in place in EM-50 and chartered the Plutonium Focus Area (PFA). The following information outlines the scope and mission of the EM, EM-60, and EM-66 organizations as related to the PFA organizational structure.

  13. Financial derivative pricing under probability operator via Esscher transfomation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Achi, Godswill U., E-mail: achigods@yahoo.com [Department of Mathematics, Abia State Polytechnic Aba, P.M.B. 7166, Aba, Abia State (Nigeria)

    2014-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The problem of pricing contingent claims has been extensively studied for non-Gaussian models, and in particular, Black- Scholes formula has been derived for the NIG asset pricing model. This approach was first developed in insurance pricing{sup 9} where the original distortion function was defined in terms of the normal distribution. This approach was later studied6 where they compared the standard Black-Scholes contingent pricing and distortion based contingent pricing. So, in this paper, we aim at using distortion operators by Cauchy distribution under a simple transformation to price contingent claim. We also show that we can recuperate the Black-Sholes formula using the distribution. Similarly, in a financial market in which the asset price represented by a stochastic differential equation with respect to Brownian Motion, the price mechanism based on characteristic Esscher measure can generate approximate arbitrage free financial derivative prices. The price representation derived involves probability Esscher measure and Esscher Martingale measure and under a new complex valued measure ? (u) evaluated at the characteristic exponents ?{sub x}(u) of X{sub t} we recuperate the Black-Scholes formula for financial derivative prices.

  14. Delayed neutron emission probabilities of Li-F nuclides

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reeder, P.L.; Warner, R.A.; Hensley, W.K. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (USA)); Vieira, D.J.; Wouters, J.M. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA))

    1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Delayed neutron emission probabilities (P{sub n}) have been measured for 18 nuclides ranging from {sup 9}Li to {sup 25}F. Neutron-rich nuclides were produced by reaction of 800 MeV p on a {sup 232}Th target at the LAMPF accelerator at Los Alamos National Laboratory. Recoil nuclides were individually identified as to their mass, nuclear charged, and ionic charge by use of the Time-of-Flight Isochronous (TOFI) spectrometer. The distribution of time intervals between the arrival of a specific ion and the subsequent detection of a neutron was determined. The P{sub n} was calculated from the total number of ions observed, the initial neutron count rate, the neutron counting efficiency, and the half-life. The technique is shown to be valid for half-lives ranging from 10 ms ({sup 15}B) to 4 s ({sup 17}N) and for P{sub n} values as low as 0.3% ({sup 13}B). Delayed neutron emission has been measured for {sup 12}Be, {sup 14}B, {sup 17}C, {sup 18}N, {sup 21}N, and {sup 25}F for the first time. A small branch for beta-delayed two-neutron emission was observed in {sup 15}B (P{sub 2n} = 0.4 {plus minus} 0.2%). 14 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

  15. A probable giant planet imaged in the Beta Pictoris disk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. -M. Lagrange; D. Gratadour; G. Chauvin; T. Fusco; D. Ehrenreich; D. Mouillet; G. Rousset; D. Rouan; F. Allard; E. Gendron; J. Charton; L. Mugnier; P. Rabou; J. Montri; F. Lacombe

    2008-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the discovery of its dusty disk in 1984, Beta Pictoris has become the prototype of young early-type planetary systems, and there are now various indications that a massive Jovian planet is orbiting the star at ~ 10 AU. However, no planets have been detected around this star so far. Our goal was to investigate the close environment of Beta Pic, searching for planetary companion(s). Deep adaptive-optics L'-band images of Beta Pic were recorded using the NaCo instrument at the Very Large Telescope. A faint point-like signal is detected at a projected distance of ~ 8 AU from the star, within the North-East side of the dust disk. Various tests were made to rule out with a good confidence level possible instrumental or atmospheric artifacts. The probability of a foreground or background contaminant is extremely low, based in addition on the analysis of previous deep Hubble Space Telescope images. The object L'=11.2 apparent magnitude would indicate a typical temperature of ~1500 K and a mass of ~ 8 Jovian masses. If confirmed, it could explain the main morphological and dynamical peculiarities of the Beta Pic system. The present detection is unique among A-stars by the proximity of the resolved planet to its parent star. Its closeness and location inside the Beta Pic disk suggest a formation process by core accretion or disk instabilities rather than a binary-like formation process.

  16. Probability of detection models for eddy current NDE methods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rajesh, S.N.

    1993-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The development of probability of detection (POD) models for a variety of nondestructive evaluation (NDE) methods is motivated by a desire to quantify the variability introduced during the process of testing. Sources of variability involved in eddy current methods of NDE include those caused by variations in liftoff, material properties, probe canting angle, scan format, surface roughness and measurement noise. This thesis presents a comprehensive POD model for eddy current NDE. Eddy current methods of nondestructive testing are used widely in industry to inspect a variety of nonferromagnetic and ferromagnetic materials. The development of a comprehensive POD model is therefore of significant importance. The model incorporates several sources of variability characterized by a multivariate Gaussian distribution and employs finite element analysis to predict the signal distribution. The method of mixtures is then used for estimating optimal threshold values. The research demonstrates the use of a finite element model within a probabilistic framework to the spread in the measured signal for eddy current nondestructive methods. Using the signal distributions for various flaw sizes the POD curves for varying defect parameters have been computed. In contrast to experimental POD models, the cost of generating such curves is very low and complex defect shapes can be handled very easily. The results are also operator independent.

  17. Efficiency issues related to probability density function comparison

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kelly, P.M.; Cannon, M.; Barros, J.E.

    1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The CANDID project (Comparison Algorithm for Navigating Digital Image Databases) employs probability density functions (PDFs) of localized feature information to represent the content of an image for search and retrieval purposes. A similarity measure between PDFs is used to identify database images that are similar to a user-provided query image. Unfortunately, signature comparison involving PDFs is a very time-consuming operation. In this paper, we look into some efficiency considerations when working with PDFS. Since PDFs can take on many forms, we look into tradeoffs between accurate representation and efficiency of manipulation for several data sets. In particular, we typically represent each PDF as a Gaussian mixture (e.g. as a weighted sum of Gaussian kernels) in the feature space. We find that by constraining all Gaussian kernels to have principal axes that are aligned to the natural axes of the feature space, computations involving these PDFs are simplified. We can also constrain the Gaussian kernels to be hyperspherical rather than hyperellipsoidal, simplifying computations even further, and yielding an order of magnitude speedup in signature comparison. This paper illustrates the tradeoffs encountered when using these constraints.

  18. Hilbert's Sixth Problem: Descriptive Statistics as New Foundations for Probability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Joseph F

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hay esbozas tras las cuales las probabilidades se cuentan como la fundaci\\'on de la teor\\'\\i a matem\\'atica de las estad\\'\\i sticas. Mas la significaci\\'on f\\'\\i sica de las probabilidades matem\\'aticas son oscuros, muy poco entendidos. Parecer\\'\\i a mejor que las probabilidades f\\'\\i sicas sean fundadas en las estad\\'\\i sticas descriptivas de datos fisicales. Se trate una teor\\'\\i a que as\\'\\i responde a una cuestiona de Hilbert propuesta en su Problema N\\'umero Seis, la axiomatizaci\\'on de la F\\'\\i sica. Est\\'a basada en la auto-correlaci\\'on de los series temporales. Casi todas de las funciones de auto-correlaci\\'on de las trayector\\'\\i as de un sistema din\\'amico lineal (de lo cual el n\\'umero de sus grados de libertad sea bastante grande) son todas aproximadamente iguales, no importan las condiciones iniciales, a\\'un si el sistema no sea erg\\'odico, como conjetur\\'o Khintchine en 1943. Usually, the theory of probability has been made the foundation for the theory of statistics. But the physical significa...

  19. ADVANCED PROBABILITY 24 lectures This course aims to cover the advanced topics at the core of research in probability theory. There is an emphasis on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sousi, Perla

    's theorem. Conditional expectation Discrete case, Gaussian case, conditional density functions; existence. Appropriate books R. Durrett Probability: Theory and Examples. Wadsworth 1991 O. Kallenberg Foundations of research in probability theory. There is an emphasis on techniques needed for the rigorous analysis

  20. DOE Designates Southwest Area and Mid-Atlantic Area National...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Interest Electric Transmission Corridors DOE Designates Southwest Area and Mid-Atlantic Area National Interest Electric Transmission Corridors October 2, 2007 - 11:12am Addthis...

  1. Modeling the probability of excitation and the defective part level as testing progresses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dworak, Jennifer Lynn

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -at fault at Point P 10 Example circuit with OR bridge between points P and 9 . The probability of excitation decreases as testing progresses. 12 16 Variation in probability of excitation between vector sets for c2670. . 18 Variation in probability... of excitation between vector sets for c5315. . 19 Probability of excitation curve for c2670. Probability of excitation curve for c5315. 21 21 The defect level. 24 10 12 13 14 15 C432 MPG-D prediction: r = 4. 275 A = 0. 663 . C499 MPG-D prediction: r...

  2. The simultaneous decomposition-simulation approach for multi-area power system reliability evaluation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deng, Zhong

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    consideration of the multi-area load states. It can be used to compute loss of load probability, expected unserved demand, and frequency of capacity deficiency indices. Algorithms employing the simultaneous consideration of load states are introduced for (1...) calculation of loss of load probability and expected unserved demand, (2) cal culation of frequency, and (3) modeling of generating unit planned outages. These algorithms are fully described and tested, sample studies showing their merit are presented...

  3. Scientific and Natural Areas (Minnesota)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Certain scientific and natural areas are established throughout the state for the purpose of preservation and protection. Construction and new development is prohibited in these areas.

  4. Probability distributions of hydraulic conductivity for the hydrogeologic units of the Death Valley regional ground-water flow system, Nevada and California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Belcher, W.R.; Sweetkind, D.S.; Elliott, P.E.

    2002-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The use of geologic information such as lithology and rock properties is important to constrain conceptual and numerical hydrogeologic models. This geologic information is difficult to apply explicitly to numerical modeling and analyses because it tends to be qualitative rather than quantitative. This study uses a compilation of hydraulic-conductivity measurements to derive estimates of the probability distributions for several hydrogeologic units within the Death Valley regional ground-water flow system, a geologically and hydrologicaly complex region underlain by basin-fill sediments, volcanic, intrusive, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks. Probability distributions of hydraulic conductivity for general rock types have been studied previously; however, this study provides more detailed definition of hydrogeologic units based on lithostratigraphy, lithology, alteration, and fracturing and compares the probability distributions to the aquifer test data. Results suggest that these probability distributions can be used for studies involving, for example, numerical flow modeling, recharge, evapotranspiration, and rainfall runoff. These probability distributions can be used for such studies involving the hydrogeologic units in the region, as well as for similar rock types elsewhere. Within the study area, fracturing appears to have the greatest influence on the hydraulic conductivity of carbonate bedrock hydrogeologic units. Similar to earlier studies, we find that alteration and welding in the Tertiary volcanic rocks greatly influence conductivity. As alteration increases, hydraulic conductivity tends to decrease. Increasing degrees of welding appears to increase hydraulic conductivity because welding increases the brittleness of the volcanic rocks, thus increasing the amount of fracturing.

  5. Large area bulk superconductors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Miller, Dean J. (Darien, IL); Field, Michael B. (Jersey City, NJ)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A bulk superconductor having a thickness of not less than about 100 microns is carried by a polycrystalline textured substrate having misorientation angles at the surface thereof not greater than about 15.degree.; the bulk superconductor may have a thickness of not less than about 100 microns and a surface area of not less than about 50 cm.sup.2. The textured substrate may have a thickness not less than about 10 microns and misorientation angles at the surface thereof not greater than about 15.degree.. Also disclosed is a process of manufacturing the bulk superconductor and the polycrystalline biaxially textured substrate material.

  6. Western Area Power Administration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched FerromagnetismWaste and MaterialsWenjun Deng Associate ResearchWestern Area Power

  7. 700 Area - Hanford Site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert SouthwestTechnologies |November 2011 Mon, Next2025Steps to MakingImportance of700 Area

  8. CEES - Focus Areas

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation InInformationCenterResearchCASL Symposium: Celebrating the Past - VisualizingFocus Areas

  9. 100 Area - Hanford Site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert SouthwestTechnologies | BlandinePrincetonOPT Optics MetrologyDepartment of00 Area

  10. Development of an integrated system for estimating human error probabilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Auflick, J.L.; Hahn, H.A.; Morzinski, J.A.

    1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the final report of a three-year, Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). This project had as its main objective the development of a Human Reliability Analysis (HRA), knowledge-based expert system that would provide probabilistic estimates for potential human errors within various risk assessments, safety analysis reports, and hazard assessments. HRA identifies where human errors are most likely, estimates the error rate for individual tasks, and highlights the most beneficial areas for system improvements. This project accomplished three major tasks. First, several prominent HRA techniques and associated databases were collected and translated into an electronic format. Next, the project started a knowledge engineering phase where the expertise, i.e., the procedural rules and data, were extracted from those techniques and compiled into various modules. Finally, these modules, rules, and data were combined into a nearly complete HRA expert system.

  11. A comparison of the initial and conditional probabilities for dry-day sequences in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fresh, Herman Elwood

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    improves with increasing threshold. I rom this ir formation a romngram was constructed for th& purpose of graph Lcaily estimating the conditional probability given a value of the initial probability (for. any day t). Original. regression equations were... modified such that the modified regression lir ca conformed to theoretically correct con liticns and parsed through point (1, 1) of t' he. nomogram. The nocitivc r . latior el, ip is maintained bctwccn t!. e initial aud conc!itionai probabilities...

  12. T-1 Training Area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2014-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Another valuable homeland security asset at the NNSS is the T-1 training area, which covers more than 10 acres and includes more than 20 separate training venues. Local, County, and State first responders who train here encounter a variety of realistic disaster scenarios. A crashed 737 airliner lying in pieces across the desert, a helicopter and other small aircraft, trucks, buses, and derailed train cars are all part of the mock incident scene. After formal classroom education, first responders are trained to take immediate decisive action to prevent or mitigate the use of radiological or nuclear devices by terrorists. The Counterterrorism Operations Support Center for Radiological Nuclear Training conducts the courses and exercises providing first responders from across the nation with the tools they need to protect their communities. All of these elements provide a training experience that cannot be duplicated anywhere else in the country.

  13. T-1 Training Area

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2015-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Another valuable homeland security asset at the NNSS is the T-1 training area, which covers more than 10 acres and includes more than 20 separate training venues. Local, County, and State first responders who train here encounter a variety of realistic disaster scenarios. A crashed 737 airliner lying in pieces across the desert, a helicopter and other small aircraft, trucks, buses, and derailed train cars are all part of the mock incident scene. After formal classroom education, first responders are trained to take immediate decisive action to prevent or mitigate the use of radiological or nuclear devices by terrorists. The Counterterrorism Operations Support Center for Radiological Nuclear Training conducts the courses and exercises providing first responders from across the nation with the tools they need to protect their communities. All of these elements provide a training experience that cannot be duplicated anywhere else in the country.

  14. Double-Slit Experiment and Quantum Theory Event-Probability Interpretation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Quznetsov

    2010-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

    In this article the propagation of pointlike event probabilities in space is considered. Double-Slit experiment is described in detail. New interpretation of Quantum Theory is formulated.

  15. E-Print Network 3.0 - analyses generated probability Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to automatically generate the SW set for every Summary: -lexical probabilities on the task of analysis assignment. Here one or more analyses of an ambiguous word are...

  16. Probability Estimation of CO2 Leakage Through Faults at Geologic Carbon Sequestration Sites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Yingqi; Oldenburg, Curt; Finsterle, Stefan; Jordan, Preston; Zhang, Keni

    2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Leakage of CO{sub 2} and brine along faults at geologic carbon sequestration (GCS) sites is a primary concern for storage integrity. The focus of this study is on the estimation of the probability of leakage along faults or fractures. This leakage probability is controlled by the probability of a connected network of conduits existing at a given site, the probability of this network encountering the CO{sub 2} plume, and the probability of this network intersecting environmental resources that may be impacted by leakage. This work is designed to fit into a risk assessment and certification framework that uses compartments to represent vulnerable resources such as potable groundwater, health and safety, and the near-surface environment. The method we propose includes using percolation theory to estimate the connectivity of the faults, and generating fuzzy rules from discrete fracture network simulations to estimate leakage probability. By this approach, the probability of CO{sub 2} escaping into a compartment for a given system can be inferred from the fuzzy rules. The proposed method provides a quick way of estimating the probability of CO{sub 2} or brine leaking into a compartment. In addition, it provides the uncertainty range of the estimated probability.

  17. Surface Water Management Areas (Virginia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This legislation establishes surface water management areas, geographically defined surface water areas in which the State Water Control Board has deemed the levels or supply of surface water to be...

  18. Probability-density function for energy perturbations of isolated optical pulses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lakoba, Taras I.

    Probability-density function for energy perturbations of isolated optical pulses C. J. Mc to determine the probability-density function (PDF) for noise-induced energy perturbations of isolated (solitary) optical pulses in fiber communication systems. The analytical formula is consistent

  19. Probably the best simple PID tuning rules in the world Sigurd Skogestad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skogestad, Sigurd

    Probably the best simple PID tuning rules in the world Sigurd Skogestad #3; Department of Chemical This is the version distributed at the meeting where the ZN-PID tunings (probably incorrectly) are assumed to be given PID tuning rules of Rivera, Morari and Skogestad (1986) which have achieved widespread industrial

  20. Beta oscillations correlate with the probability of perceiving rivalrous visual stimuli

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beta oscillations correlate with the probability of perceiving rivalrous visual stimuli Department large changes in power in the beta range (14颅30 Hz) at the time of a perceptual switch. More importantly, during a stable perception, beta power correlates with the probability of a perception. Specifically

  1. Statistical mechanical theory for steady state systems. V. Nonequilibrium probability density

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Attard, Phil

    Statistical mechanical theory for steady state systems. V. Nonequilibrium probability density Phil is shown to be much more efficient for the thermal conductivity of a Lennard-Jones fluid than the Green probability densities for hydrodynamic transport, for time-dependent mechanical work, and for nonequilibrium

  2. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 62, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2014 699 Outage Probability in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Xiangyun "Sean"

    transform of a cumulative distribution and (ii) a reference link power gain-based framework which exploits the distribution of the fading power gain between the reference transmitter and receiver. The outage probability the outage probability at any location inside either a disk or polygon region. The analysis illustrates

  3. Recalculated probability of M !!!!!! 7 earthquakes beneath the Sea of Marmara, Turkey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Recalculated probability of M !!!!!! 7 earthquakes beneath the Sea of Marmara, Turkey Tom Parsons U); KEYWORDS: earthquake probability, Sea of Marmara, seismic hazard, Turkey, stress interaction, North of Marmara, Turkey, J. Geophys. Res., 109, B05304, doi:10.1029/2003JB002667. 1. Introduction [2] The North

  4. Microstructure of two-phase random media. I. The n-point probability functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torquato, Salvatore

    Department ofMechanical Engineering. General Motors Institute. Flint. Michigan 48502 G. Stell Departments ofMechanical Engineering and Chemistry. State University ofNew York at Stony Brook. Stony Brook. New York 11794 (Received be characterized by a set of general n -point probability functions, which give the probability of finding

  5. Proceedings of the First International Conference on Neutrosophy, Neutrosophic Logic, Neutrosophic Set, Neutrosophic Probability and Statistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florentin Smarandache; Jean Dezert; S. Bhattacharya; Andrzej Buller; M. Khoshnevisan; S. Singh; Feng Liu; Gh. C. Dinulescu-Campina; Chris Lucas; C. Gershenson

    2003-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Papers on neutrosophy (a generalization of dialectics), on neutrosophic logic, set, probability and statistics (generalizations of fuzzy logic, fuzzy set, and imprecise probability respectively), by Florentin Smarandache, Jean Dezert, S. Bhattacharya, Andrzej Buller, M. Khoshnevisan, S. Singh, Feng Liu, Gh. C. Dinulescu-Campina, Chris Lucas, and C. Gershenson.

  6. Electrical Estimation of Conditional Probability for Maximum-likelihood Based PMD Mitigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zweck, John

    Xi, T╱lay Adali, and John Zweck Department of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering UniversityElectrical Estimation of Conditional Probability for Maximum-likelihood Based PMD Mitigation Wenze probability density functions in the presence of both all-order PMD and ASE noise are estimated electronically

  7. LES/probability density function approach for the simulation of an ethanol spray flame

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raman, Venkat

    LES/probability density function approach for the simulation of an ethanol spray flame Colin Heye a an experimental pilot-stabilized ethanol spray flame. In this particular flame, droplet evaporation occurs away: Large-eddy simulation; Probability density function; Flamelet/progress variable approach; Ethanol

  8. The transition probability and the probability for the left-most particle's position of the q-totally asymmetric zero range process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Korhonen, Marko [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Helsinki, FIN-00014 (Finland)] [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Helsinki, FIN-00014 (Finland); Lee, Eunghyun [Centre de Recherches Math閙atiques (CRM), Universit de Montr閍l, Quebec H3C 3J7 (Canada)] [Centre de Recherches Math閙atiques (CRM), Universit de Montr閍l, Quebec H3C 3J7 (Canada)

    2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We treat the N-particle zero range process whose jumping rates satisfy a certain condition. This condition is required to use the Bethe ansatz and the resulting model is the q-boson model by Sasamoto and Wadati [揈xact results for one-dimensional totally asymmetric diffusion models, J. Phys. A 31, 60576071 (1998)] or the q-totally asymmetric zero range process (TAZRP) by Borodin and Corwin [揗acdonald processes, Probab. Theory Relat. Fields (to be published)]. We find the explicit formula of the transition probability of the q-TAZRP via the Bethe ansatz. By using the transition probability we find the probability distribution of the left-most particle's position at time t. To find the probability for the left-most particle's position we find a new identity corresponding to identity for the asymmetric simple exclusion process by Tracy and Widom [揑ntegral formulas for the asymmetric simple exclusion process, Commun. Math. Phys. 279, 815844 (2008)]. For the initial state that all particles occupy a single site, the probability distribution of the left-most particle's position at time t is represented by the contour integral of a determinant.

  9. Communication in Home Area Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yubo

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    used in area like smart buildings, street light controls andbuilding. This section focuses on HAN design to address two smart

  10. Multivariate Normal Tissue Complication Probability Modeling of Heart Valve Dysfunction in Hodgkin Lymphoma Survivors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cella, Laura, E-mail: laura.cella@cnr.it [Institute of Biostructures and Bioimaging, National Council of Research, Naples (Italy); Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences, Federico II University School of Medicine, Naples (Italy); Liuzzi, Raffaele; Conson, Manuel [Institute of Biostructures and Bioimaging, National Council of Research, Naples (Italy); Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences, Federico II University School of Medicine, Naples (Italy); D扐vino, Vittoria [Institute of Biostructures and Bioimaging, National Council of Research, Naples (Italy); Salvatore, Marco [Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences, Federico II University School of Medicine, Naples (Italy); Pacelli, Roberto [Institute of Biostructures and Bioimaging, National Council of Research, Naples (Italy); Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences, Federico II University School of Medicine, Naples (Italy)

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To establish a multivariate normal tissue complication probability (NTCP) model for radiation-induced asymptomatic heart valvular defects (RVD). Methods and Materials: Fifty-six patients treated with sequential chemoradiation therapy for Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) were retrospectively reviewed for RVD events. Clinical information along with whole heart, cardiac chambers, and lung dose distribution parameters was collected, and the correlations to RVD were analyzed by means of Spearman's rank correlation coefficient (Rs). For the selection of the model order and parameters for NTCP modeling, a multivariate logistic regression method using resampling techniques (bootstrapping) was applied. Model performance was evaluated using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). Results: When we analyzed the whole heart, a 3-variable NTCP model including the maximum dose, whole heart volume, and lung volume was shown to be the optimal predictive model for RVD (Rs = 0.573, P<.001, AUC = 0.83). When we analyzed the cardiac chambers individually, for the left atrium and for the left ventricle, an NTCP model based on 3 variables including the percentage volume exceeding 30 Gy (V30), cardiac chamber volume, and lung volume was selected as the most predictive model (Rs = 0.539, P<.001, AUC = 0.83; and Rs = 0.557, P<.001, AUC = 0.82, respectively). The NTCP values increase as heart maximum dose or cardiac chambers V30 increase. They also increase with larger volumes of the heart or cardiac chambers and decrease when lung volume is larger. Conclusions: We propose logistic NTCP models for RVD considering not only heart irradiation dose but also the combined effects of lung and heart volumes. Our study establishes the statistical evidence of the indirect effect of lung size on radio-induced heart toxicity.

  11. Development of a multi-stage bubble column dehumidifier for application in a hymidification dehumidification desalination system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lam, Steven, S.B. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Center for Clean Water and Clean Energy at MIT and KFUPM have been developing many novel desalination systems. One of the new technologies originating from the Lienhard Research Laboratory is the Humidification ...

  12. The Multi-Stage Investment Timing Game in Offshore Petroleum Production: Preliminary results from an econometric model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    externality problem with real options theory. Oil productionJ. (1988). Option valuation of claims on real assets: The

  13. Strategic Decision-Making with Information and Extraction Externalities: A Structural Model of the Multi-Stage Investment Timing Game

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    these inefficient strategic interactions take place on U.S. federal lands in the Gulf of Mexico. In particular orn, Jam es Stock, Tom islav Vukina, Stephen Weinb erg, and M artin Weitzm an, am ong num erous others

  14. The effects of airflow modulation and multi-stage defrost on the performance of an air source heat pump

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Payne, William Vance

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . This transfer of heat energy from a low temperature ambient to the high temperature conditioned space is accomplished by the input of electrical energy to the compressor. During the heating season, the heat pump transfers heat energy from the low temperature... pump refrigeration circuit includes a compressor, an indoor heat exchanger, an outdoor heat exchanger, an expansion device, and fans to transfer heat energy from a low temperature heat energy source to a higher temperature heat energy sink...

  15. Courtship and Multi-Stage Transfer of Material to the Female's Wings During Copulation in Microsepsis armillata (Diptera: Sepsidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    to brushes on his hind tibiae, from there to his middle tarsi, and finally to the bases of the female's wings during copulation. Males of many other sepsids also have brushes on their hind tibiae, indi cating, the osmeterium, on his hind tibia (Pont, 1979). The setae of the osme terium are said to be hollow, and to draw

  16. Numerical and Experimental Analysis of Multi-Stage Axial Turbine Performance at Design and Off-Design Conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdelfattah, Sherif Alykadry

    2013-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

    blades not shown). . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 8.67 Cylindrical stator 2 blade 1800 RPM entropy iso-surfaces at various time steps (suction surface view). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140 8.68 3D bowed stator 2 blade 1800 RPM... entropy iso-surfaces at various time steps (suction surface view). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141 8.69 Cylindrical stator 2 blade 1800 RPM entropy iso-surfaces at various time steps (pressure surface view...

  17. The Multi-Stage Investment Timing Game in Offshore Petroleum Production: Preliminary results from an econometric model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    me to understand the geology of oil production. ShelbyGeology or economics? Testing models of irreversible investment using North Sea oil

  18. The Multi-Stage Investment Timing Game in Offshore Petroleum Production: Preliminary results from an econometric model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    robustness checks from the econometric model coefficients inPreliminary results from an econometric model C. -Y.paper uses a structural econometric model to analyze the

  19. The Multi-Stage Investment Timing Game in Offshore Petroleum Production: Preliminary results from an econometric model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    cost discretized real oil price constant (3.3E9) (5.5E5) (conditions such as the oil price that vary stochasticallyconditions such as the oil price might change, or because

  20. Fire Hazards Analysis for the 200 Area Interim Storage Area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    JOHNSON, D.M.

    2000-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

    This documents the Fire Hazards Analysis (FHA) for the 200 Area Interim Storage Area. The Interim Storage Cask, Rad-Vault, and NAC-1 Cask are analyzed for fire hazards and the 200 Area Interim Storage Area is assessed according to HNF-PRO-350 and the objectives of DOE Order 5480 7A. This FHA addresses the potential fire hazards associated with the Interim Storage Area (ISA) facility in accordance with the requirements of DOE Order 5480 7A. It is intended to assess the risk from fire to ensure there are no undue fire hazards to site personnel and the public and to ensure property damage potential from fire is within acceptable limits. This FHA will be in the form of a graded approach commensurate with the complexity of the structure or area and the associated fire hazards.

  1. Probability of initiation and extinction in the Mercury Monte Carlo code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McKinley, M. S.; Brantley, P. S. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Ave., Livermore, CA 94551 (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A Monte Carlo method for computing the probability of initiation has previously been implemented in Mercury. Recently, a new method based on the probability of extinction has been implemented as well. The methods have similarities from counting progeny to cycling in time, but they also have differences such as population control and statistical uncertainty reporting. The two methods agree very well for several test problems. Since each method has advantages and disadvantages, we currently recommend that both methods are used to compute the probability of criticality. (authors)

  2. Error Analysis of Free Probability Approximations to the Density of States of Disordered Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Jiahao

    Theoretical studies of localization, anomalous diffusion and ergodicity breaking require solving the electronic structure of disordered systems. We use free probability to approximate the ensemble-averaged density of states ...

  3. Reconstruction of ionization probabilities from spatially averaged data in N dimensions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stroahaber, James; Kolomenskii, A; Schuessler, Hans

    2010-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We present an analytical inversion technique, which can be used to recover ionization probabilities from spatially averaged data in an N-dimensional detection scheme. The solution is given as a power series in intensity. For this reason, we call...

  4. Knowledge and understanding of probability and statistics topics by preservice PK-8 teachers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carter, Tamara Anthony

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Given the importance placed on probability and statistics in the PK-8 curriculum by the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (2000) and on teachers by the Interstate New Teacher Assessment and Support Consortium (1995) and the Conference...

  5. Joint probability safety assessment for NPP defense infrastructure against extreme external natural hazards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guilin, L. [College of Engineering, Ocean Univ. ot China, Yushan Road No. 5, Qingdao 266003 (China); Defu, L. [Disaster Prevention Research Inst., Ocean Univ. ot China, Yushan Road No. 5, Qingdao 266003 (China); Huajun, L. [College of Engineering, Ocean Univ. ot China, Yushan Road No. 5, Qingdao 266003 (China); Fengqing, W. [Disaster Prevention Research Inst., Ocean Univ. of China, Songling Road No.238, Qingdao 266100 (China); Tao, Z. [College of Engineering, Ocean Univ. of China, Songling Road No.238, Qingdao 266100 (China)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With the increasing tendency of natural hazards, the typhoon, hurricane and tropical Cyclone induced surge, wave, precipitation, flood and wind as extreme external loads menacing Nuclear Power Plants (NPP) in coastal and inland provinces of China. For all of planned, designed And constructed NPP the National Nuclear Safety Administration of China and IAEA recommended Probable Maximum Hurricane /Typhoon/(PMH/T), Probable Maximum Storm Surge (PMSS), Probable Maximum Flood (PMF), Design Basis Flood (DBF) as safety regulations for NPP defense infrastructures. This paper discusses the joint probability analysis of simultaneous occurrence typhoon induced extreme external hazards and compare with IAEA 2006-2009 recommended safety regulation design criteria for some NPP defense infrastructures along China coast. (authors)

  6. An Algorithm for Calculating the Probability of Classes of Data Patterns on a Genealogy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koch, Jordan M.; Holder, Mark T.

    2012-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Felsenstein抯 pruning algorithm allows one to calculate the probability of any particular data pattern arising on a phylogeny given a model of character evolution. Here we present a similar dynamic programming algorithm. ...

  7. On the evaluation of human error probabilities for post-initiating events

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Presley, Mary R

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantification of human error probabilities (HEPs) for the purpose of human reliability assessment (HRA) is very complex. Because of this complexity, the state of the art includes a variety of HRA models, each with its own ...

  8. On the probability of undetected error for overextended Reed-Solomon codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Junsheng S; Siegel, Paul H; Lee, Patrick

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    shortened binary CRC codes, in Proc. MILCOM 88, Oct. 1988,MacWilliams identity for linear codes, IEEE Trans. Inform.probability of linear codes, IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory,

  9. Math 341 Probability and Statistical Inference Winter 2010 Instructor Dr. Amites Sarkar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarkar, Amites

    Math 341 Probability and Statistical Inference Winter 2010 Instructor Dr. Amites Sarkar Text, Thursdays and Fridays, in 216 Bond Hall. My phone number is 650 7569 and my e-mail is amites.sarkar

  10. Math 341 Probability and Statistical Inference Summer 2009 Instructor Dr. Amites Sarkar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarkar, Amites

    Math 341 Probability and Statistical Inference Summer 2009 Instructor Dr. Amites Sarkar Text, Wednesdays and Thursdays, in 216 Bond Hall. My phone number is 650 7569 and my e-mail is amites.sarkar

  11. E-Print Network 3.0 - annihilation probability density Sample...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of a positron emitted from the origin annihilating at point... (mm) probability F18 N13 Cu61 Cu64 Fig. 1. Left ... Source: Leahy, Richard M. - Departments of Radiology &...

  12. Use of soil moisture depletion models and rainfall probability in predicting the irrigation requirements of crops

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David, Wilfredo P

    1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of precipitation events in estimating the probable success of his venture as related to the avail nb! lity of sufficient water resources precipitation is governed by chance phenomena, that is, there are so many causes at work that the influence of each cannot... depletion equations under optimum soil moisture conditions Recession constants Application of soil mcisture accounring model Irrigation requirements Retention relations Irrigation requirements distributions Raini'all probabilities Neekly rainfall...

  13. Confidence intervals for state probabilities of system capacity outages and for LOLP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stasinos, Athanasios

    1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CONFID"NC. , INTERVALS FO- S'TATE PROBABILITIES OF SYSTEM CAPACITY OUTAGES AND FOR LOLP A Thcsi. , bv ATHANASIOS STASINOS Submi. tted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1974 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering CONFIDENCE INTERVALS FOR STA1'E PROBABILITIES OF STSTEM CAPACITY OVTAGES AND FOR LOLP A Thesis by ATHANASIOS STASINOS Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman...

  14. Semi-empirical Probability Distributions and Their Application in Wave-Structure Interaction Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Izadparast, Amir Hossein

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY December 2010 Major Subject: Ocean Engineering SEMI-EMPIRICAL PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS AND THEIR APPLICATION IN WAVE-STRUCTURE INTERACTION PROBLEMS A... to accurately estimate the probability distribution of complex non-linear random variables in the field of wave- structure interaction. The structural form of the semi-empirical distribution is developed based on a mathematical representation of the process...

  15. Northwest Area Foundation Horizons Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amin, S. Massoud

    Northwest Area Foundation Horizons Program Final Evaluation Report 颅 Executive Summary Diane L by the Northwest Area Foundation in partnership with two national organizations and delivered by a number to remember that Horizons was not designed to reduce poverty, but instead to contribute to the Foundations

  16. Unscaled Scaled (% / km) Geographic Area /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    226 Unscaled Scaled (% / km) Geographic Area / Assessment Unit DI Prod. N(eq) Sum Total Cumu subbasin, Washington. Geographic Area / Assessment Unit IntegratedPriorityRestoration Category Habitat% (unscaled results) of the combined protection benefit for summer steelhead within the Methow basin, and 51

  17. tight environment high radiation area

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    #12;Irradiation Studies of Optical Components - II CERN, week of Oct. 24, 2005 1.4 GeV proton beam 4 x路 tight environment 路 high radiation area 路 non-serviceable area 路 passive components 路 optics only, no active electronics 路 transmit image through flexible fiber bundle Optical Diagnostics 01-13-2006 1 #12

  18. Hanford 200 Areas Development Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rinne, C.A.; Daly, K.S.

    1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of the Hanford 200 Areas Development Plan (Development Plan) is to guide the physical development of the 200 Areas (which refers to the 200 East Area, 200 West Area, and 200 Area Corridor, located between the 200 East and 200 West Areas) in accordance with US Department of Energy (DOE) Order 4320.lB (DOE 1991a) by performing the following: Establishing a land-use plan and setting land-use categories that meet the needs of existing and proposed activities. Coordinating existing, 5-year, and long-range development plans and guiding growth in accordance with those plans. Establishing development guidelines to encourage cost-effective development and minimize conflicts between adjacent activities. Identifying site development issues that need further analysis. Integrating program plans with development plans to ensure a logical progression of development. Coordinate DOE plans with other agencies [(i.e., Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology) and US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)]. Being a support document to the Hanford Site Development Plan (DOE-RL 1990a) (parent document) and providing technical site information relative to the 200 Areas.

  19. Research Areas | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    High Energy Density Laboratory Plasmas Research Areas Research Areas High Energy Density Laboratory Plasmas (HEDLP) Research Areas During open solicitations proposals are sought...

  20. Technical evaluation: 300 Area steam line valve accident

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On June 7, 1993, a journeyman power operator (JPO) was severely burned and later died as a result of the failure of a 6-in. valve that occurred when he attempted to open main steam supply (MSS) valve MSS-25 in the U-3 valve pit. The pit is located northwest of Building 331 in the 300 Area of the Hanford Site. Figure 1-1 shows a layout of the 300 Area steam piping system including the U-3 steam valve pit. Figure 1-2 shows a cutaway view of the approximately 10- by 13- by 16-ft-high valve pit with its various steam valves and connecting piping. Valve MSS-25, an 8-in. valve, is located at the bottom of the pit. The failed 6-in. valve was located at the top of the pit where it branched from the upper portion of the 8-in. line at the 8- by 8- by 6-in. tee and was then ``blanked off`` with a blind flange. The purpose of this technical evaluation was to determine the cause of the accident that led to the failure of the 6-in. valve. The probable cause for the 6-in. valve failure was determined by visual, nondestructive, and destructive examination of the failed valve and by metallurgical analysis of the fractured region of the valve. The cause of the accident was ultimately identified by correlating the observed failure mode to the most probable physical phenomenon. Thermal-hydraulic analyses, component stress analyses, and tests were performed to verify that the probable physical phenomenon could be reasonably expected to produce the failure in the valve that was observed.

  1. Progress Update: M Area Closure

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Cody, Tom

    2012-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

    A progress update of the Recovery Act at work at the Savannah River Site. The celebration of the first area cleanup completion with the help of the Recovery Act.

  2. Wellhead Protection Area Act (Nebraska)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This section regulates activities which can occur on or below the land surface of the area surrounding a wellhead. The purpose of these regulations is to limit well contamination and preserve...

  3. Controlling Bats in Urban Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas Wildlife Services

    2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    to avoid obstacles and capture insects. Bats also emit audible sounds that may be used for communi- cation. L-1913 4-08 Controlling BATS Damage In urban areas, bats may become a nuisance becauseoftheirsqueaking,scratchingandcrawl- inginattics...

  4. Protected Water Area System (Iowa)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Natural Resource Commission maintains a state plan for the design and establishment of a protected water area system and those adjacent lands needed to protect the integrity of that system. A...

  5. The Program Area Committee Chairperson.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marshall, Mary; Richardson, Burl B.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    worksheets and others. Prepared by Mary G. Marshall and Burl B. RichardsQ Extension program development specialists, The Texas A&M University System. THE PROGRAM AREA COMMITTEE CHAIRPERSON You Hold an Important Position! Whenever people gather...

  6. Security Area Vouching and Piggybacking

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2000-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Establishes requirements for the Department of Energy (DOE) Security Area practice of "vouching" or "piggybacking" access by personnel. DOE N 251.40, dated 5-3-01, extends this directive until 12-31-01.

  7. Focus Area Tax Credits (Maryland)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Focus Area Tax Credits for businesses in Baltimore City or Prince George抯 County enterprise zones include: (1) Ten-year, 80% credit against local real property taxes on a portion of real property...

  8. Transforming Parks and Protected Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolch, Tobias

    Transforming Parks and Protected Areas Policy and governance in a changing world Edited by Kevin S from the British Library Library of Congress Cataloging In Publication Data Transforming parks

  9. Reconstruction of ionization probabilities from spatially averaged data in N-dimensions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Strohaber; A. A. Kolomenskii; H. A. Schuessler

    2010-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We present an analytical inversion technique which can be used to recover ionization probabilities from spatially averaged data in an N-dimensional detection scheme. The solution is given as a power series in intensity. For this reason, we call this technique a multiphoton expansion (MPE). The MPE formalism was verified with an exactly solvable inversion problem in 2D, and probabilities in the postsaturation region, where the intensity-selective scanning approach breaks down, were recovered. In 3D, ionization probabilities of Xe were successfully recovered with MPE from simulated (using the ADK tunneling theory) ion yields. Finally, we tested our approach with intensity-resolved benzene ion yields showing a resonant multiphoton ionization process. By applying MPE to this data (which was artificially averaged) the resonant structure was recovered-suggesting that the resonance in benzene may have been observable in spatially averaged data taken elsewhere.

  10. Statistic inversion of multi-zone transition probability models for aquifer characterization in alluvial fans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Lin; Gong, Huili; Gable, Carl; Teatini, Pietro

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Understanding the heterogeneity arising from the complex architecture of sedimentary sequences in alluvial fans is challenging. This paper develops a statistical inverse framework in a multi-zone transition probability approach for characterizing the heterogeneity in alluvial fans. An analytical solution of the transition probability matrix is used to define the statistical relationships among different hydrofacies and their mean lengths, integral scales, and volumetric proportions. A statistical inversion is conducted to identify the multi-zone transition probability models and estimate the optimal statistical parameters using the modified Gauss-Newton-Levenberg-Marquardt method. The Jacobian matrix is computed by the sensitivity equation method, which results in an accurate inverse solution with quantification of parameter uncertainty. We use the Chaobai River alluvial fan in the Beijing Plain, China, as an example for elucidating the methodology of alluvial fan characterization. The alluvial fan is divided...

  11. Cuttings Analysis At International Geothermal Area, Philippines...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Cuttings Analysis At International Geothermal Area, Philippines (Laney, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location International Geothermal Area Philippines Exploration Technique...

  12. Biological Inventory Colorado Canyons National Conservation Area

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biological Inventory of the Colorado Canyons National Conservation Area Prepared by: Joe Stevens .............................. 12 Identify Targeted Inventory Areas

  13. Electric quadrupole transition probabilities and line strengths of Ti{sup 11+}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    G鰇鏴, Yasin, E-mail: ygokce58@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Karamanoglu Mehmetbey University, Karaman (Turkey); 莈lik, G黮tekin [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Sel鐄k University, Campus 42049 Konya (Turkey); Y?ld?z, Murat, E-mail: muraty70@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Karamanoglu Mehmetbey University, Karaman (Turkey)

    2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Electric quadrupole transition probabilities and line strengths have been calculated using the weakest bound electron potential model for sodium-like titanium, considering many transition arrays. We employed numerical Coulomb approximation and non-relativistic Hartree朏ock wavefunctions for the expectation values of radii in determination of parameters of the model. The necessary energy values have been taken from experimental data in the literature. The calculated electric quadrupole line strengths have been compared with available data in the literature and good agreement has been obtained. Moreover, some electric quadrupole transition probability and line strength values not existing in the literature for some highly excited levels have been obtained using this method.

  14. The Effective Energy in Nuclear Reactions from Exact Probability by Using the WKB Approximation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aziz, Azni Abdul; Yusof, Norhasliza; Kassim, Hasan Abu [Physics Department, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia)

    2008-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The transmission coefficient through a Coulomb barrier in nuclear reaction is obtained by using the WKB approximation. Hence, we can determine the exact tunneling probability from this method. This probability can be applied in calculating the astrophysical thermonuclear reaction rates. One of the most important aspects in calculating the reaction rates is the value of the most effective energy, E{sub 0} for the reaction to occur. The Gamow peak produces a nonlinear equation that is solved iteratively to produce E{sub 0}.

  15. Disagreement between capture probabilities extracted from capture and quasi-elastic backscattering excitation functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. V. Sargsyan; G. G. Adamian; N. V. Antonenko; R. P. S. Gomes

    2014-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Experimental quasi-elastic backscattering and capture (fusion) excitation functions are usually used to extract the s-wave capture probabilities for the heavy-ion reactions. We investigated the $^{16}$O+$^{120}$Sn,$^{144}$Sm,$^{208}$Pb systems at energies near and below the corresponding Coulomb barriers and concluded that the probabilities extracted from quasi-elastic data are much larger than the ones extracted from fusion excitation functions at sub and deep-sub barrier energies. This seems to be a reasonable explanation for the known disagreement observed in literature for the nuclear potential diffuseness derived from both methods.

  16. 100 Areas CERCLA ecological investigations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Landeen, D.S.; Sackschewsky, M.R.; Weiss, S.

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document reports the results of the field terrestrial ecological investigations conducted by Westinghouse Hanford Company during fiscal years 1991 and 1992 at operable units 100-FR-3, 100-HR-3, 100-NR-2, 100-KR-4, and 100-BC-5. The tasks reported here are part of the Remedial Investigations conducted in support of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 studies for the 100 Areas. These ecological investigations provide (1) a description of the flora and fauna associated with the 100 Areas operable units, emphasizing potential pathways for contaminants and species that have been given special status under existing state and/or federal laws, and (2) an evaluation of existing concentrations of heavy metals and radionuclides in biota associated with the 100 Areas operable units.

  17. Plutonium focus area: Technology summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To ensure research and development programs focus on the most pressing environmental restoration and waste management problems at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the Assistant Secretary for the Office of Environmental Management (EM) established a working group in August 1993 to implement a new approach to research and technology development. As part of this approach, EM developed a management structure and principles that led to creation of specific focus areas. These organizations were designed to focus scientific and technical talent throughout DOE and the national scientific community on major environmental restoration and waste management problems facing DOE. The focus area approach provides the framework for inter-site cooperation and leveraging of resources on common problems. After the original establishment of five major focus areas within the Office of Technology Development (EM-50), the Nuclear Materials Stabilization Task Group (NMSTG, EM-66) followed EM-50`s structure and chartered the Plutonium Focus Area (PFA). NMSTG`s charter to the PFA, described in detail later in this book, plays a major role in meeting the EM-66 commitments to the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board (DNFSB). The PFA is a new program for FY96 and as such, the primary focus of revision 0 of this Technology Summary is an introduction to the Focus Area; its history, development, and management structure, including summaries of selected technologies being developed. Revision 1 to the Plutonium Focus Area Technology Summary is slated to include details on all technologies being developed, and is currently planned for release in August 1996. The following report outlines the scope and mission of the Office of Environmental Management, EM-60, and EM-66 organizations as related to the PFA organizational structure.

  18. A Framework to Determine the Probability Density Function for the Output Power of Wind Farms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liberzon, Daniel

    A Framework to Determine the Probability Density Function for the Output Power of Wind Farms Sairaj to the power output of a wind farm while factoring in the availability of the wind turbines in the farm availability model for the wind turbines, we propose a method to determine the wind-farm power output pdf

  19. Probably the best simple PID tuning rules in the world Sigurd Skogestad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skogestad, Sigurd

    Probably the best simple PID tuning rules in the world Sigurd Skogestad #3; Department of Chemical and still result in a good closed-loop behavior. The starting point has been the IMC PID tuning rules, if not thousands, of papers have been written on tuning of PID controllers, and one must question the need

  20. Probabilities in Quantum Cosmological Models: A Decoherent Histories Analysis Using a Complex Potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. J. Halliwell

    2009-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

    In the quantization of simple cosmological models (minisuperspace models) described by the Wheeler-DeWitt equation, an important step is the construction, from the wave function, of a probability distribution answering various questions of physical interest, such as the probability of the system entering a given region of configuration space at any stage in its entire history. A standard but heuristic procedure is to use the flux of (components of) the wave function in a WKB approximation. This gives sensible semiclassical results but lacks an underlying operator formalism. In this paper, we address the issue of constructing probability distributions linked to the Wheeler-DeWitt equation using the decoherent histories approach to quantum theory. We show that the appropriate class operators (the generalization of strings of projectors) in quantum cosmology are readily constructed using a complex potential. We derive the class operator for entering or not entering one or more regions in configuration space. They commute with the Hamiltonian, have a sensible classical limit and are closely related to intersection number operators. We show that oscillatory WKB solutions to the Wheeler-DeWitt equation give approximate decoherence of histories, as do superpositions of WKB solutions, as long as the regions of configuration space are sufficiently large. The corresponding probabilities coincide, in a semiclassical approximation, with standard heuristic procedures. In brief, we exhibit the well-defined operator formalism underlying the usual heuristic interpretational methods in quantum cosmology.

  1. Derivation of the probability law in the many-worlds, one-MIND interpretation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casey Blood

    2011-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The basic mathematical structure, QM-A, of the many worlds interpretation consists solely of the linear mathematics plus the Hilbert space properties of the state vectors. There is no collapse and there are no particles or hidden variables. It is remarkable that QM-A alone can account for all our observations except probability. There is no need for particles, hidden variables or collapse to explain perception of only one classical version of reality, the photoelectric effect, localized effects from a spread-out wave function in scattering and interference experiments, wave-particle duality, and so on. But probability cannot be defined within QM-A. Nevertheless, because of its astonishing success, it seems reasonable to require (1) that the mathematics of an interpretation be limited to the highly successful QM-A and (2) that "matter" be composed of state vectors alone. But the probability law requires, in essence, that one version of the observer be singled out. The most straightforward way to accomplish this under (1) and (2) is to assume there is an aspect of the observer-the Mind-which is outside the laws of quantum mechanics and perceives just one version of reality. Under that assumption, the probability law can then be derived. Thus we have an interpretation, QM-A plus "outside" observer, which explains all our perceptions.

  2. Improved Speech Presence Probabilities Using HMM-Based Inference, with Applications to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alwan, Abeer

    applied to soft-decision speech enhancement, proposed SPPs show improved results in terms of segmental is increased. When applied to automatic speech recognition (ASR), the use of soft-decision enhancement with pro Probability, Noise Suppression, Soft-Decision Speech Enhancement, Automatic Speech Recogni- tion, Hidden

  3. A History of the Department of Statistics and Probability Michigan State University*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 RM-691 A History of the Department of Statistics and Probability Michigan State University* www of the Department of Statistics. W. Dowell Baten (PhD, University of Michigan, 1929) came to MSU as an AssociateD, University of Michigan, 1946) joined in 1946; Ingram Olkin (PhD, University of North Carolina, 1951) joined

  4. Reliability sensitivity analysis based on probability distribution perturbation with application to CO2 storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    to CO2 storage Ekaterina Sergienkoa,b , Paul Lema^itrec,d , Aur麓elie Arnaudc , Daniel Busbyb , Fabrice a computationally expensive simulation code for evaluating the failure probability such as the CO2 storage risk analysis. An application of the method to a synthetic CO2 storage case study is provided together with some

  5. Evapotranspiration and regional probabilities of soil moisture stress in rainfed crops, southern India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biggs, Trent

    India Trent W. Biggs a, *, Prasanta K. Mishra b , Hugh Turral c a Department of Geography, San Diego 0902; fax: +1 619 594 4938. E-mail addresses: tbiggs@mail.sdsu.edu (T.W. Biggs), pkmbellary in press as: Biggs, T.W. et al., Evapotranspiration and regional probabilities of soil moisture stress

  6. Increased Hot-Plate Ignition Probability for Nanoparticle-Laden Diesel Fuel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pacheco, Jose Rafael

    Increased Hot-Plate Ignition Probability for Nanoparticle-Laden Diesel Fuel Himanshu Tyagi, Patrick April 2, 2008 ABSTRACT The present study attempts to improve the ignition properties of diesel fuel, droplet ignition experiments were carried out atop a heated hot plate. Different types of fuel mixtures

  7. STATISTICS and PROBABILITY Statistics is the science and practice of developing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolch, Tobias

    STATISTICS and PROBABILITY Definition Statistics is the science and practice of developing human knowledge through the use of empirical data expressed in quantitative form. It is based on statistical theory which is supposed to be a branch of applied mathematics. Within statistical theory, randomness

  8. Bounds on the Error Probability of ML Decoding for Block and Turbo-Block Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sason, Igal

    Bounds on the Error Probability of ML Decoding for Block and Turbo-Block Codes Igal Sason 32000, Israel March 1999 Abstract The performance of either structured or random turbo-block codes on the other. We focus here on uniformly interleaved and parallel concatenated turbo-Hamming codes

  9. Introduction to Probability 2012/13 Mid-Term Test Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banaji,. Murad

    Introduction to Probability 颅 2012/13 Mid-Term Test Information Week 7 is test week and normal lectures and classes do not take place then. The arrange- ments are as follows: 路 The mid-term test will be held at 9:00am on Thursday 8 November1. 路 The test will last 40 minutes 路 You will be contacted

  10. 108 CHRISTOPHER HOOKWAY Kyburg, H. 1978. Subjective probability, Journal of Philosophical Logic 7,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fitelson, Branden

    about extending that theory to probabilities of higher order. Ramsey does not consider the possibility, S. 1978. Subdoxastic states, Philosophy of Science 45, 499-518. Thayer, H. S. 1968. Meaning and Action: A Critical History ofPragmatism. Indianapolis. 6 Higher order degrees of beliif BRIAN SKYRMS

  11. NOAA Technical Memorandum NWS HYDRO 39 PROBABLE MAXIMUM PRECIPITATION FOR THE UPPER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NOAA Technical Memorandum NWS HYDRO 39 PROBABLE MAXIMUM PRECIPITATION FOR THE UPPER DEERFIELD RIVER The Office of Hydrology (HYDRO) of the National Weather Service (NWS) develops procedures for making river agencies, and conducts pertinent research and development. NOAA Technical Memorandums in the NWS HYDRO

  12. Introduction Construction 1 Construction 2 Alterations Final Thoughts The Probability that Two Semigroup Elements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ponomarenko, Vadim

    Introduction Construction 1 Construction 2 Alterations Final Thoughts The Probability that Two://www-rohan.sdsu.edu/vadim/commute.pdf #12;Introduction Construction 1 Construction 2 Alterations Final Thoughts Shameless advertising My://www.sci.sdsu.edu/math-reu/index.html Please send your (U.S. citizen or permanent resident) undergraduates. #12;Introduction Construction 1

  13. Load-shedding probabilities with hybrid renewable power generation and energy storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu , Huan

    Load-shedding probabilities with hybrid renewable power generation and energy storage Huan Xu, Ufuk to the intermittency in the power output. These difficulties can be alleviated by effectively utilizing energy storage turbines, supplemented with energy storage. We use a simple storage model alongside a combination

  14. POWER LAWS FOR MONKEYS TYPINGS RANDOMLY: THE CASE OF UNEQUAL PROBABILITIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conrad, Brian

    POWER LAWS FOR MONKEYS TYPINGS RANDOMLY: THE CASE OF UNEQUAL PROBABILITIES BRIAN CONRAD AND MICHAEL MITZENMACHER Abstract. An early result in the history of power laws, due to Miller, concerned the following)/N. Miller proved that in this experiment, the rank-frequency distribution of words follows a power law

  15. Outage Probability of MISO Broadcast Systems with Noisy Channel Side Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Teng Joon

    Outage Probability of MISO Broadcast Systems with Noisy Channel Side Information Alon Shalev output (MISO) systems. However, these schemes generally require perfect channel information) of a linear zero forcing transmitter, operating in a fading MISO broadcast channel. We consider a rectangular

  16. The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 121(1):8288, 2009 DETECTION PROBABILITIES OF WOODPECKER NESTS IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    82 The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 121(1):82颅88, 2009 DETECTION PROBABILITIES OF WOODPECKER NESTS. villosus) nests and nest survival rates in post-fire landscapes provide land managers with information on the relative importance of burned forests to nesting woodpeckers. We conducted multiple-observer surveys

  17. On the Probability and Spatial Distribution of Ocean Surface Currents YOSEF ASHKENAZY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashkenazy, Yossi "Yosef"

    On the Probability and Spatial Distribution of Ocean Surface Currents YOSEF ASHKENAZY Solar Energy events, which may affect, for example, marine construction, and for estimating the energy that can of extremely severe currents, to more efficiently manage maritime trade, breakwaters, ports, etc. 2

  18. FORECAST OF ATLANTIC SEASONAL HURRICANE ACTIVITY AND LANDFALL STRIKE PROBABILITY FOR 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birner, Thomas

    (MHD) (5.0) 10 10 10 0 10 10 Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE) (96.1) 165 160 160 8 152 160 Net Tropical Cyclone Activity (NTC) (100%) 180 175 175 10 165 175 POST-31 JULY PROBABILITIES FOR AT LEAST ONE MAJOR

  19. FORECAST OF ATLANTIC SEASONAL HURRICANE ACTIVITY AND LANDFALL STRIKE PROBABILITY FOR 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Major Hurricane Days (MHD) (3.9) 2 3 3 0 3 3 Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE) (92) 55 65 65 7 58 65 Net Tropical Cyclone Activity (NTC) (103%) 60 70 70 5 65 70 POST-31 JULY PROBABILITIES FOR AT LEAST ONE MAJOR

  20. EXTENDED RANGE FORECAST OF ATLANTIC SEASONAL HURRICANE ACTIVITY AND LANDFALL STRIKE PROBABILITY FOR 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hurricanes (MH) (2.0) 4 4 Major Hurricane Days (MHD) (3.9) 9 9 Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE) (92) 165 165 Net Tropical Cyclone Activity (NTC) (103%) 175 175 PROBABILITIES FOR AT LEAST ONE MAJOR (CATEGORY 3 percent of the long-period average. We expect Atlantic basin Net Tropical Cyclone (NTC) activity in 2013

  1. EXTENDED RANGE FORECAST OF ATLANTIC SEASONAL HURRICANE ACTIVITY AND LANDFALL STRIKE PROBABILITY FOR 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, William

    Hurricanes (MH) (2.3) 5 5 Major Hurricane Days (MHD) (5.0) 10 10 Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE) (96.1) 165 160 Net Tropical Cyclone Activity (NTC) (100%) 180 175 PROBABILITIES FOR AT LEAST ONE MAJOR (CATEGORY. We expect Atlantic basin Net Tropical Cyclone (NTC) activity in 2011 to be approximately 175 percent

  2. Exact Outage Probability Analysis for Relay-aided Underlay Cognitive Communications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit茅 de

    --Outage probability, cognitive radio, spectrum shar- ing, underlay, QoS, primary system, secondary system. I. INTRODUCTION In response to the ever-growing stress put on the wireless spectrum medium, cognitive radio (CR secondary (unlicensed) users (SUs) to share the same licensed spectrum band with the primary users (PUs

  3. What is the Probability of Receiving a US Patent?* Michael Carley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

    1 What is the Probability of Receiving a US Patent?* Michael Carley , Deepak Hegde,搂 and Alan Marco** January 10, 2014 ABSTRACT We follow the prosecution histories of the 2.15 million new patent applications filed at the US Patent and Trademark Office between 1996 and 2005 to calculate patent allowance rates

  4. POWER LAWS FOR MONKEYS TYPINGS RANDOMLY: THE CASE OF UNEQUAL PROBABILITIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitzenmacher, Michael

    POWER LAWS FOR MONKEYS TYPINGS RANDOMLY: THE CASE OF UNEQUAL PROBABILITIES BRIAN CONRAD AND MICHAEL MITZENMACHER Abstract. An early result in the history of power laws, due to Miller, concerned the following)=N . Miller proved that in this experiment, the rank-frequency distribution of words follows a power law

  5. WHAT KIND OF UNCERTAINTY IS THAT? USING PERSONAL PROBABILITY FOR EXPRESSING ONE'S THINKING ABOUT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spirtes, Peter

    laudable. For example, a person required to risk money on a remote digit of p would, in order to comply Proba- bility," Philosophy of Science, xxxiv, 4 (December 1967): 311颅25. In the published ver- sion, Savage, "Difficulties in the Theory of Personal Probability," Philosophy of Science, xxxiv, 4 (December

  6. Applied Probability and Stochastic Processes EPFL -Fall Semester 2013-2014 "Money drop" updated game rules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L茅v锚que, Olivier

    Applied Probability and Stochastic Processes EPFL - Fall Semester 2013-2014 "Money drop" updated game rules Principle of the game: 1. At the beginning of the game, a certain amount of money is given your (current) amount of money on these possible answers. - All the money put on a wrong answer

  7. Probability distributions for offshore wind speeds Eugene C. Morgan a,*, Matthew Lackner b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vogel, Richard M.

    Probability distributions for offshore wind speeds Eugene C. Morgan a,*, Matthew Lackner b Wind turbine energy output Weibull distribution Extreme wind a b s t r a c t In planning offshore wind farms, short-term wind speeds play a central role in estimating various engi- neering parameters

  8. Reply to Powell and Cocke: On the probability of catastrophic damage to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaramillo, Paulina

    LETTER Reply to Powell and Cocke: On the probability of catastrophic damage to offshore wind farms to assess risk to offshore wind farms. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 10.1073/pnas.1206189109. 2. Rose S, Jaramillo on the hurricane risk to offshore wind turbines (2), we have reviewed and updated some of our analysis. However

  9. The Probability Distribution of Land Surface Wind Speeds ADAM H. MONAHAN AND YANPING HE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    He, Yanping

    al. 2004), wind extremes (e.g., Gastineau and Soden 2009), and wind power climatologies (e.g., Troen) and the prediction of the wind power re- source and extreme surface winds in present and future climates (e.g., TroenThe Probability Distribution of Land Surface Wind Speeds ADAM H. MONAHAN AND YANPING HE School

  10. Depositional setting, structural style, and sandstone distribution in three geopressured geothermal areas, Texas Gulf Coast

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Winker, C.D.; Morton, R.A.; Ewing, T.E.; Garcia, D.D.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Three areas in the Texas Gulf Coastal Plain were studied using electric logs and seismic-reflection data to interpret their depositional and structural history and to compare their potential as geopressured-geothermal reservoirs. The Cuero study area, on the lower Wilcox (upper Paleocene) growth-fault trend, is characterized by closely and evenly spaced, subparallel, down-to-the-basin growth faults, relatively small expansion ratios, and minor block rotation. Distributary-channel sandstones in the geopressured lower Wilcox Group of the South Cook fault block appear to be the best geothermal aquifers in the Cuero area. The Blessing study area, on the lower Frio (Oligocene) growth-fault trend, shows wider and more variable fault spacing and much greater expansion ratios and block rotation, particularly during early Frio time. Thick geopressured sandstone aquifers are laterally more extensive in the Blessing area than in the Cuero area. The Pleasant Bayou study area, like the Blessing area, is on the Frio growth-fault trand, and its early structural development was similar rapid movement of widely spaced faults resulted in large expansion ratios and major block rotation. However, a late-stage pattern of salt uplift and withdrawal complicated the structural style. Thick geopressured lower Frio sandstone aquifers are highly permeable and laterally extensive, as in the Blessing area. In all three areas, geopressured aquifers were created where early, rapid movement along down-to-the-basin growth faults juxtaposed shallow-water sands against older shales, probably deposited in slope environments. Major transgressions followed the deposition of reservoir sands and probably also influenced the hydraulic isolation that allowed the build up of abnormal pressures. 26 refs., 49 figs., 8 tabs.

  11. Implementation of the probability table method in a continuous-energy Monte Carlo code system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sutton, T.M.; Brown, F.B. [Lockheed Martin Corp., Schenectady, NY (United States)

    1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    RACER is a particle-transport Monte Carlo code that utilizes a continuous-energy treatment for neutrons and neutron cross section data. Until recently, neutron cross sections in the unresolved resonance range (URR) have been treated in RACER using smooth, dilute-average representations. This paper describes how RACER has been modified to use probability tables to treat cross sections in the URR, and the computer codes that have been developed to compute the tables from the unresolved resonance parameters contained in ENDF/B data files. A companion paper presents results of Monte Carlo calculations that demonstrate the effect of the use of probability tables versus the use of dilute-average cross sections for the URR. The next section provides a brief review of the probability table method as implemented in the RACER system. The production of the probability tables for use by RACER takes place in two steps. The first step is the generation of probability tables from the nuclear parameters contained in the ENDF/B data files. This step, and the code written to perform it, are described in Section 3. The tables produced are at energy points determined by the ENDF/B parameters and/or accuracy considerations. The tables actually used in the RACER calculations are obtained in the second step from those produced in the first. These tables are generated at energy points specific to the RACER calculation. Section 4 describes this step and the code written to implement it, as well as modifications made to RACER to enable it to use the tables. Finally, some results and conclusions are presented in Section 5.

  12. EA-1177: Salvage/Demolition of 200 West Area, 200 East Area, and 300 Area Steam Plants, Richland, Washington

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EA evaluates the environmental impacts for the proposal to salvage and demolish the 200 West Area, 200 East Area, and 300 Area steam plants and their associated steam distribution piping...

  13. Page 1 of 5 NWPPC. 1992. Response to comments: 1992 protected areas rulemaking (92-26; Supp. A). Washington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of small. run-of-the-river hydro project. (Agency will probably support.) Methow ;Basin tributaries. Add protected for resident fish and wildlife to unprotected. Submitted by Nooksack River Hydro. Reason: project area not important for species of concern. If approved, this change would allow construction of hydro

  14. Variable area light reflecting assembly

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Howard, Thomas C. (Raleigh, NC)

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Device for tracking daylight and projecting it into a building. The device tracks the sun and automatically adjusts both the orientation and area of the reflecting surface. The device may be mounted in either a wall or roof of a building. Additionally, multiple devices may be employed in a light shaft in a building, providing daylight to several different floors. The preferred embodiment employs a thin reflective film as the reflecting device. One edge of the reflective film is fixed, and the opposite end is attached to a spring-loaded take-up roller. As the sun moves across the sky, the take-up roller automatically adjusts the angle and surface area of the film. Additionally, louvers may be mounted at the light entrance to the device to reflect incoming daylight in an angle perpendicular to the device to provide maximum reflective capability when daylight enters the device at non-perpendicular angles.

  15. Variable area light reflecting assembly

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Howard, T.C.

    1986-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Device is described for tracking daylight and projecting it into a building. The device tracks the sun and automatically adjusts both the orientation and area of the reflecting surface. The device may be mounted in either a wall or roof of a building. Additionally, multiple devices may be employed in a light shaft in a building, providing daylight to several different floors. The preferred embodiment employs a thin reflective film as the reflecting device. One edge of the reflective film is fixed, and the opposite end is attached to a spring-loaded take-up roller. As the sun moves across the sky, the take-up roller automatically adjusts the angle and surface area of the film. Additionally, louvers may be mounted at the light entrance to the device to reflect incoming daylight in an angle perpendicular to the device to provide maximum reflective capability when daylight enters the device at non-perpendicular angles. 9 figs.

  16. Montana Natural Areas Act of 1974 (Montana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Montana Natural Areas Act of 1974 provides for the designation and establishment of a system of natural areas in order to preserve the natural ecosystems of these areas. Designated natural...

  17. Magnetotelluric models of the Roosevelt Hot Springs thermal area, Utah

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wannamaker, P.E.; Ward, S.H.; Hohmann, G.W.; Sill, W.R.

    1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Roosevelt Hot Springs (RHS) thermal area, which includes a hotwater-dominated fracture zone prospect, near the eastern margin of the Basin-Range tectonic province, conceivably possesses a whole family of resistivity structures that includes the following: deep hot brine reservoirs, deep-seated partially molten heat sources in the crust or upper mantle that drive the convective system, near-surface hydrothermal alteration zones, wet sedimentary fill in valleys, and a regional, apparently one-dimensional resistivity profile of the crust and upper mantle. This complex resistivity makeup, particular to RHS but probably similar to that at other geothermal areas in the Great Basin, must be treated as being fully three-dimensional (3-D). In an attempt to understand these structures, broadband (10/sup -3/ to 10/sup -2/ Hz) tensor magnetotelluric (MT) data were obtained including apparent resistivities (rho/sub a/), impedance phases (phi) and vertical magnetic field transfer functions for 93 sites in the vicinity of this resource area.

  18. Innovation investment area: Technology summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The mission of Environmental Management`s (EM) Office of Technology Development (OTD) Innovation Investment Area is to identify and provide development support for two types of technologies that are developed to characterize, treat and dispose of DOE waste, and to remediate contaminated sites. They are: technologies that show promise to address specific EM needs, but require proof-of-principle experimentation; and (2) already proven technologies in other fields that require critical path experimentation to demonstrate feasibility for adaptation to specific EM needs. The underlying strategy is to ensure that private industry, other Federal Agencies, universities, and DOE National Laboratories are major participants in developing and deploying new and emerging technologies. To this end, about 125 different new and emerging technologies are being developed through Innovation Investment Area`s (IIA) two program elements: RDDT&E New Initiatives (RD01) and Interagency Agreements (RD02). Both of these activities are intended to foster research and development partnerships so as to introduce innovative technologies into other OTD program elements for expedited evaluation.

  19. The Association of Energy Intake with Body Mass in Children With and Without Probable Developmental Coordination Disorder.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pryzbek, Michael

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Objective To determine if there is an association between energy intake (EI) and overweight or obesity status (OWOB) in children with and without probable developmental (more)

  20. Franck-Condon factors, transition probabilities, and radiative lifetimes for hydrogen molecules and their isotopomeres

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fantz, U. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Association, Boltzmannstr. 2, D-85748 Garching (Germany)]. E-mail: fantz@ipp.mpg.de; Wuenderlich, D. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Association, Boltzmannstr. 2, D-85748 Garching (Germany)

    2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    stematic fundamental molecular database for all isotopomeres of the hydrogen molecule (H{sub 2}, D{sub 2}, T{sub 2}, HD, HT, DT) is calculated on the basis of the latest Born-Oppenheimer potential curves and the latest electronic dipole transition moments of hydrogen molecules. Vibrational eigenvalues, Franck-Condon factors, and vibrationally resolved transition probabilities are presented for electronic transitions in each multiplet system up to principal quantum number n = 4. Radiative lifetimes of the vibrational levels in the electronically excited states are obtained from the summation over the optically allowed transitions. In a similar manner, effective transition probabilities and effective radiative lifetimes of electronically excited states are determined assuming that only the lowest vibrational level in the ground state is populated, i.e. the data are directly applicable to molecular gases. Differences between the isotopomeres are discussed briefly.

  1. Survival probability of large rapidity gaps in QCD and N=4 SYM motivated model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gotsman, E; Maor, U

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we present a self consistent theoretical approach for the calculation of the Survival Probability for central dijet production . These calculations are performed in a model of high energy soft interactions based on two ingredients:(i) the results of N=4 SYM, which at the moment is the only theory that is able to deal with a large coupling constant; and (ii) the required matching with high energy QCD. Assuming, in accordance with these prerequisites, that soft Pomeron intercept is rather large and the slope of the Pomeron trajectory is equal to zero, we derive analytical formulae that sum both enhanced and semi-enhanced diagrams for elastic and diffractive amplitudes. Using parameters obtained from a fit to the available experimental data, we calculate the Survival Probability for central dijet production at energies accessible at the LHC. The results presented here which include the contribution of semi-enhanced and net diagrams, are considerably larger than our previous estimates.

  2. Survival probability of large rapidity gaps in QCD and N=4 SYM motivated model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Gotsman; E. Levin; U. Maor

    2011-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we present a self consistent theoretical approach for the calculation of the Survival Probability for central dijet production . These calculations are performed in a model of high energy soft interactions based on two ingredients:(i) the results of N=4 SYM, which at the moment is the only theory that is able to deal with a large coupling constant; and (ii) the required matching with high energy QCD. Assuming, in accordance with these prerequisites, that soft Pomeron intercept is rather large and the slope of the Pomeron trajectory is equal to zero, we derive analytical formulae that sum both enhanced and semi-enhanced diagrams for elastic and diffractive amplitudes. Using parameters obtained from a fit to the available experimental data, we calculate the Survival Probability for central dijet production at energies accessible at the LHC. The results presented here which include the contribution of semi-enhanced and net diagrams, are considerably larger than our previous estimates.

  3. Net-charge probability distributions in heavy ion collisions at chemical freeze-out

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Braun-Munzinger; B. Friman; F. Karsch; K. Redlich; V. Skokov

    2011-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We explore net charge probability distributions in heavy ion collisions within the hadron resonance gas model. The distributions for strangeness, electric charge and baryon number are derived. We show that, within this model, net charge probability distributions and the resulting fluctuations can be computed directly from the measured yields of charged and multi-charged hadrons. The influence of multi-charged particles and quantum statistics on the shape of the distribution is examined. We discuss the properties of the net proton distribution along the chemical freeze-out line. The model results presented here can be compared with data at RHIC energies and at the LHC to possibly search for the relation between chemical freeze-out and QCD cross-over lines in heavy ion collisions.

  4. A quasi-Gaussian approximation for the probability distribution of correlation functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilking, Philipp

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Context. Whenever correlation functions are used for inference about cosmological parameters in the context of a Bayesian analysis, the likelihood function of correlation functions needs to be known. Usually, it is approximated as a multivariate Gaussian, though this is not necessarily a good approximation. Aims. We show how to calculate a better approximation for the probability distribution of correlation functions, which we call "quasi-Gaussian". Methods. Using the exact univariate PDF as well as constraints on correlation functions previously derived, we transform the correlation functions to an unconstrained variable for which the Gaussian approximation is well justified. From this Gaussian in the transformed space, we obtain the quasi-Gaussian PDF. The two approximations for the probability distributions are compared to the "true" distribution as obtained from simulations. Additionally, we test how the new approximation performs when used as likelihood in a toy-model Bayesian analysis. Results. The quas...

  5. Probability-Based Software for Grid Optimization: Improved Power System Operations Using Advanced Stochastic Optimization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2012-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

    GENI Project: Sandia National Laboratories is working with several commercial and university partners to develop software for market management systems (MMSs) that enable greater use of renewable energy sources throughout the grid. MMSs are used to securely and optimally determine which energy resources should be used to service energy demand across the country. Contributions of electricity to the grid from renewable energy sources such as wind and solar are intermittent, introducing complications for MMSs, which have trouble accommodating the multiple sources of price and supply uncertainties associated with bringing these new types of energy into the grid. Sandia抯 software will bring a new, probability-based formulation to account for these uncertainties. By factoring in various probability scenarios for electricity production from renewable energy sources in real time, Sandia抯 formula can reduce the risk of inefficient electricity transmission, save ratepayers money, conserve power, and support the future use of renewable energy.

  6. A probability current analysis of energy transport in open quantum systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jan J. J. Roden; K. Birgitta Whaley

    2015-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce a probability current analysis of excitation energy transfer between states of an open quantum system. Expressing the energy transfer through currents of excitation probability between the states in a site representation enables us to gain key insights into the energy transfer dynamics. It allows to, i) identify the pathways of energy transport in large networks of sites and to quantify their relative weights, ii) quantify the respective contributions of unitary dynamics, dephasing, and relaxation/dissipation processes to the energy transfer, and iii) quantify the contribution of coherence to the energy transfer. Our analysis is general and can be applied to a broad range of open quantum system descriptions (with coupling to non-Markovian environments) in a straightforward manner.

  7. Coarse-Grained Fluctuation Probabilities in the Standard Model and Subcritical Bubbles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luis M. A. Bettencourt

    1995-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We compute systematically the probability for fluctuations of the Higgs field, averaged over a given spatial scale, to exceed a specified value, in the Standard Model. For the particular case of interest of averages over one coherence volume we show that, even in the worst possible case of taking the one-loop improved effective potential parameters, the probability for the field to fluctuate from the symmetric to the asymmetric minimum before the latter becomes stable is very small for Higgs masses of the order of those of the $W$ and $Z$ bosons, whereas the converse is more likely. As such, metastability should be satisfied dynamically at the Electroweak phase transition and its dynamics should therefore proceed by the usual mechanism of bubble nucleation with subcritical fluctuations playing no particularly relevant role in it.

  8. On the calculation rule of probability of relativistic free particle in quantum mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Mei

    2008-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    As is well known, in quantum mechanics, the calculation rule of the probability that an eigen-value a_n is observed when the physical quantity A is measured for a state described by the state vector |> is P(a_n)= . However, in Ref.[1], based on strict logical reasoning and mathematical calculation, it has been pointed out, replacing , one should use a new rule to calculate P(a_n) for particle satisfying the Dirac equation. In this paper, we first state some results given by Ref.[1]. And then, we present a proof for the new calculation rule of probability according to Dirac sea of negative energy particles, hole theory and the principle "the vacuum is not observable". Finally, we discuss simply the case of particle satisfying the Klein-Gordon equation.

  9. Unification of Field Theory and Maximum Entropy Methods for Learning Probability Densities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kinney, Justin B

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bayesian field theory and maximum entropy are two methods for learning smooth probability distributions (a.k.a. probability densities) from finite sampled data. Both methods were inspired by statistical physics, but the relationship between them has remained unclear. Here I show that Bayesian field theory subsumes maximum entropy density estimation. In particular, the most common maximum entropy methods are shown to be limiting cases of Bayesian inference using field theory priors that impose no boundary conditions on candidate densities. This unification provides a natural way to test the validity of the maximum entropy assumption on one's data. It also provides a better-fitting nonparametric density estimate when the maximum entropy assumption is rejected.

  10. Aquifer Protection Area Land Use Regulations (Connecticut)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    These regulations describe allowable activities within aquifer protection areas, the procedure by which such areas are delineated, and relevant permit requirements. The regulations also describe...

  11. Geothermal Literature Review At International Geothermal Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Latera area, Tuscany, re: Heat Flow References G. Ranalli, L. Rybach (2005) Heat Flow, Heat Transfer And Lithosphere Rheology In Geothermal Areas- Features And Examples...

  12. Geothermal Literature Review At International Geothermal Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hvalfjordur Fjord area, re: Heat flow References G. Ranalli, L. Rybach (2005) Heat Flow, Heat Transfer And Lithosphere Rheology In Geothermal Areas- Features And Examples...

  13. Chickasaw National Recreational Area, Chickasaw, Oklahoma | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Chickasaw National Recreational Area, Chickasaw, Oklahoma Chickasaw National Recreational Area, Chickasaw, Oklahoma Photo of Comfort Station at the Chickasaw National Recreation...

  14. ENGI 3423 Conditional Probability and Independence Page 5-01 Example 5.01

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    George, Glyn

    equally likely sample points, four of which also fall inside E1 . Therefore P[E1 | E2 ] = 4/6 = 2/3 . Also Probability and Independence Page 5-03 Example 5.03 A bag contains two red, three blue and four yellow marbles. Three marbles are taken at random from the bag, (a) without replacement; (b) with replacement. In each

  15. Highly enhanced avalanche probability using sinusoidally-gated silicon avalanche photodiode

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Suzuki, Shingo; Namekata, Naoto, E-mail: nnao@phys.cst.nihon-u.ac.jp; Inoue, Shuichiro [Institute of Quantum Science, Nihon University, 1-8-14 Kanda-Surugadai, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101-8308 (Japan); Tsujino, Kenji [Tokyo Women's Medical University, 8-1 Kawada-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8666 (Japan)

    2014-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on visible light single photon detection using a sinusoidally-gated silicon avalanche photodiode. Detection efficiency of 70.6% was achieved at a wavelength of 520?nm when an electrically cooled silicon avalanche photodiode with a quantum efficiency of 72.4% was used, which implies that a photo-excited single charge carrier in a silicon avalanche photodiode can trigger a detectable avalanche (charge) signal with a probability of 97.6%.

  16. The Human Bathtub: Safety and Risk Predictions Including the Dynamic Probability of Operator Errors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duffey, Romney B. [Atomic Energy of Canada, Ltd., 2251 Speakman Drive, Mississauga, ON, L5K 1B2 (Canada); Saull, John W. [International Federation of Airwothiness, 14 Railway Approach, East Grinstead, West Sussex, RH19 1BP (United Kingdom)

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Reactor safety and risk are dominated by the potential and major contribution for human error in the design, operation, control, management, regulation and maintenance of the plant, and hence to all accidents. Given the possibility of accidents and errors, now we need to determine the outcome (error) probability, or the chance of failure. Conventionally, reliability engineering is associated with the failure rate of components, or systems, or mechanisms, not of human beings in and interacting with a technological system. The probability of failure requires a prior knowledge of the total number of outcomes, which for any predictive purposes we do not know or have. Analysis of failure rates due to human error and the rate of learning allow a new determination of the dynamic human error rate in technological systems, consistent with and derived from the available world data. The basis for the analysis is the 'learning hypothesis' that humans learn from experience, and consequently the accumulated experience defines the failure rate. A new 'best' equation has been derived for the human error, outcome or failure rate, which allows for calculation and prediction of the probability of human error. We also provide comparisons to the empirical Weibull parameter fitting used in and by conventional reliability engineering and probabilistic safety analysis methods. These new analyses show that arbitrary Weibull fitting parameters and typical empirical hazard function techniques cannot be used to predict the dynamics of human errors and outcomes in the presence of learning. Comparisons of these new insights show agreement with human error data from the world's commercial airlines, the two shuttle failures, and from nuclear plant operator actions and transient control behavior observed in transients in both plants and simulators. The results demonstrate that the human error probability (HEP) is dynamic, and that it may be predicted using the learning hypothesis and the minimum failure rate, and can be utilized for probabilistic risk analysis purposes. (authors)

  17. The Unreasonable Success of Quantum Probability I: Quantum Measurements as Uniform Fluctuations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diederik Aerts; Massimiliano Sassoli de Bianchi

    2014-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce a 'uniform tension-reduction' (UTR) model, which allows to represent the probabilities associated with an arbitrary measurement situation and use it to explain the emergence of quantum probabilities (the Born rule) as 'uniform' fluctuations on this measurement situation. The model exploits the geometry of simplexes to represent the states, in a way that the measurement probabilities can be derived as the 'Lebesgue measure' of suitably defined convex subregions of the simplexes. We consider a very simple and evocative physical realization of the abstract model, using a material point particle which is acted upon by elastic membranes, which by breaking and collapsing produce the different possible outcomes. This easy to visualize mechanical realization allows one to gain considerable insight into the possible hidden structure of an arbitrary measurement process. We also show that the UTR-model can be further generalized into a 'general tension-reduction' (GTR) model, describing conditions of lack of knowledge generated by 'non-uniform' fluctuations. In this ampler framework, particularly suitable to describe experiments in cognitive science, we define and motivate a notion of 'universal measurement', describing the most general possible condition of lack of knowledge in a measurement, emphasizing that the uniform fluctuations characterizing quantum measurements can also be understood as an average over all possible forms of non-uniform fluctuations which can be actualized in a measurement context. This means that the Born rule of quantum mechanics can be understood as a first order approximation of a more general non-uniform theory, thus explaining part of the great success of quantum probability in the description of different domains of reality. This is the first part of a two-part article.

  18. SALTSTONE DISPOSAL FACILITY: DETERMINATION OF THE PROBABLE MAXIMUM WATER TABLE ELEVATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hiergesell, R

    2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A coverage depicting the configuration of the probable maximum water table elevation in the vicinity of the Saltstone Disposal Facility (SDF) was developed to support the Saltstone program. This coverage is needed to support the construction of saltstone vaults to assure that they remain above the maximum elevation of the water table during the Performance Assessment (PA) period of compliance. A previous investigation to calculate the historical high water table beneath the SDF (Cook, 1983) was built upon to incorporate new data that has since become available to refine that estimate and develop a coverage that could be extended to the perennial streams adjacent to the SDF. This investigation incorporated the method used in the Cook, 1983 report to develop an estimate of the probable maximum water table for a group of wells that either existed at one time at or near the SDF or which currently exist. Estimates of the probable maximum water table at these wells were used to construct 2D contour lines depicting this surface beneath the SDF and extend them to the nearby hydrologic boundaries at the perennial streams adjacent to the SDF. Although certain measures were implemented to assure that the contour lines depict a surface above which the water table will not rise, the exact elevation of this surface cannot be known with complete certainty. It is therefore recommended that the construction of saltstone vaults incorporate a vertical buffer of at least 5-feet between the base of the vaults and the depicted probable maximum water table elevation. This should provide assurance that the water table under the wet extreme climatic condition will never rise to intercept the base of a vault.

  19. Conformal invariance of crossing probabilities for the Ising model with free boundary conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    St閜hane Benoist; Hugo Duminil-Copin; Cl閙ent Hongler

    2014-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We prove that crossing probabilities for the critical planar Ising model with free boundary conditions are conformally invariant in the scaling limit, a phenomenon first investigated numerically by Langlands, Lewis and Saint-Aubin. We do so by establishing the convergence of certain exploration processes towards SLE$(3,\\frac{-3}2,\\frac{-3}2)$. We also construct an exploration tree for free boundary conditions, analogous to the one introduced by Sheffield.

  20. EXTENDED RANGE FORECAST OF ATLANTIC SEASONAL HURRICANE ACTIVITY AND LANDFALL STRIKE PROBABILITY FOR 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, William

    Energy (ACE) (96.1) 100-162 150 Net Tropical Cyclone Activity (NTC) (100%) 108-172 160 PROBABILITIES-39 35 Major Hurricanes (MH) (2.3) 3-5 4 Major Hurricane Days (MHD) (5.0) 6-12 10 Accumulated Cyclone-to-year variability of any of the global tropical cyclone basins. People are curious to know how active the upcoming

  1. The Annals of Applied Probability 2008, Vol. 18, No. 5, 17061736

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , we are interested in the viscous scalar con- servation law with C1 flux function -A tFt(x) = 2 2 xx with the conservation law: Xt = X0 + Bt - t 0 A (H Ps(Xs))ds, t 0,the law of Xt is Pt, (2) Received January 2007The Annals of Applied Probability 2008, Vol. 18, No. 5, 1706颅1736 DOI: 10.1214/07-AAP513 c

  2. FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE OBSERVATIONS OF GRB 110625A

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tam, P. H. T.; Kong, A. K. H. [Institute of Astronomy and Department of Physics, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); Fan Yizhong, E-mail: phtam@phys.nthu.edu.tw [Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008 (China)

    2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) that emit photons at GeV energies form a small but significant population of GRBs. However, the number of GRBs whose GeV-emitting period is simultaneously observed in X-rays remains small. We report {gamma}-ray observations of GRB 110625A using Fermi's Large Area Telescope in the energy range 100 MeV-20 GeV. Gamma-ray emission at these energies was clearly detected using data taken between 180 s and 580 s after the burst, an epoch after the prompt emission phase. The GeV light curve differs from a simple power-law decay, and probably consists of two emission periods. Simultaneous Swift X-Ray Telescope observations did not show flaring behaviors as in the case of GRB 100728A. We discuss the possibility that the GeV emission is the synchrotron self-Compton radiation of underlying ultraviolet flares.

  3. Estimation of (n,f) Cross-Sections by Measuring Reaction Probability Ratios

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Plettner, C; Ai, H; Beausang, C W; Bernstein, L A; Ahle, L; Amro, H; Babilon, M; Burke, J T; Caggiano, J A; Casten, R F; Church, J A; Cooper, J R; Crider, B; Gurdal, G; Heinz, A; McCutchan, E A; Moody, K; Punyon, J A; Qian, J; Ressler, J J; Schiller, A; Williams, E; Younes, W

    2005-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Neutron-induced reaction cross-sections on unstable nuclei are inherently difficult to measure due to target activity and the low intensity of neutron beams. In an alternative approach, named the 'surrogate' technique, one measures the decay probability of the same compound nucleus produced using a stable beam on a stable target to estimate the neutron-induced reaction cross-section. As an extension of the surrogate method, in this paper they introduce a new technique of measuring the fission probabilities of two different compound nuclei as a ratio, which has the advantage of removing most of the systematic uncertainties. This method was benchmarked in this report by measuring the probability of deuteron-induced fission events in coincidence with protons, and forming the ratio P({sup 236}U(d,pf))/P({sup 238}U(d,pf)), which serves as a surrogate for the known cross-section ratio of {sup 236}U(n,f)/{sup 238}U(n,f). IN addition, the P({sup 238}U(d,d{prime}f))/P({sup 236}U(d,d{prime}f)) ratio as a surrogate for the {sup 237}U(n,f)/{sup 235}U(n,f) cross-section ratio was measured for the first time in an unprecedented range of excitation energies.

  4. RHIC | New Areas of Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassive Solar HomePromising Science for1 20115, 2001 MediaBrookhavenBlackA New Area of

  5. History of 100-B Area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wahlen, R.K.

    1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The initial three production reactors and their support facilities were designated as the 100-B, 100-D, and 100-F areas. In subsequent years, six additional plutonium-producing reactors were constructed and operated at the Hanford Site. Among them was one dual-purpose reactor (100-N) designed to supply steam for the production of electricity as a by-product. Figure 1 pinpoints the location of each of the nine Hanford Site reactors along the Columbia River. This report documents a brief description of the 105-B reactor, support facilities, and significant events that are considered to be of historical interest. 21 figs.

  6. Surrounding Area Restaurants...Hungry

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartment of Energyof theRestoration at Young -Final禄EnergySupportSurrounding Area

  7. Resource Areas of Texas: Land.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Godfrey, Curtis L.; Carter, Clarence R.; McKee, Gordon S.

    1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Prairie (Coastal ~~~(l), soils are less acid and some are calcareous. Main series: lrictoria, Orelia, Clareville. ~ight, acid sands and darker, loamy to clayey soils-some $;dine and sodic-lie in a narrow band along the coast. Main aeries: Harris...). Mai series: Truce, Waurika, Brown, moderately deep 11 shallow, calcareous, clay1 a1 oils are alg common. Main series: (: 1 to alk nts; somt Bonti. ey soils >wens. over sh Bottomlands-minor areas or brown to clam gray, loam1 1 Main senes 3...

  8. Carlsbad Area Office strategic plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This edition of the Carlsbad Area Office Strategic Plan captures the U.S. Department of Energy`s new focus, and supercedes the edition issued previously in 1995. This revision reflects a revised strategy designed to demonstrate compliance with environmental regulations earlier than the previous course of action; and a focus on the selected combination of scientific investigations, engineered alternatives, and waste acceptance criteria for supporting the compliance applications. An overview of operations and historical aspects of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant near Carlsbad, New Mexico is presented.

  9. Notes on the Lumped Backward Master Equation for the Neutron Extinction/Survival Probability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prinja, Anil K [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The expected or mean neutron number (or density) provides an adequate characterization of the neutron population and its dynamical excursions in most neutronic applications, in particular power reactors. Fluctuations in the neutron number, originating from the inherent randomness of neutron interactions and fission neutron multiplicities, are relatively small and ignorable for operational purposes, although measurements of the variance and time correlations provide valuable diagnostic information on fundamental reactor physics parameters. However, it is well known that there exist situations of great interest and importance in which a strictly deterministic description, or even one supplemented with a knowledge of low order statistical averages (variance, correlation), provides an incomplete and very unsatisfactory description of the state of the neutron population. These situations are marked by persistent large fluctuations in the neutron number where the emergence of a deterministic phase is suppressed. Such situations are strongly stochastic and therefore unpredictable (i.e., the mean is not representative of the actual population), and can arise either by design or by accident. Examples where the stochastic behavior of neutron populations must be taken into account include: nuclear weapon single-point safety assessment; criticality excursions in spent fuel storage and in the handling of fissile solutions in fuel fabrication and reprocessing; approach to critical under suboptimal reactor start-up conditions; preinitiation in fast burst research reactors; and weak nuclear signatures in the passive detection of nuclear materials. What distinguishes strongly stochastic neutronic systems from strongly deterministic systems is that, in the former, neutron multiplication occurs in the presence of weak neutron sources, such as spontaneous fission and background (cosmic) radiation. Weak sources (in a sense that can be made quite precise) lead to well separated fission chains (a fission chain is defined as the initial source neutron and all its subsequent progeny) in which some chains are short lived while others propagate for unusually long times. Under these conditions, fission chains do not overlap strongly and this precludes the cancellation of neutron number fluctuations necessary for the mean to become established as the dominant measure of the neutron population. The fate of individual chains then plays a defining role in the evolution of the neutron population in strongly stochastic systems, and of particular interest and importance in supercritical systems is the extinction probability, defined as the probability that the neutron chain (initiating neutron and its progeny) will be extinguished at a particular time, or its complement, the time-dependent survival probability. The time-asymptotic limit of the latter, the probability of divergence, gives the probability that the neutron population will grow without bound, and is more commonly known as the probability of initiation or just POI. The ability to numerically compute these probabilities, with high accuracy and without overly restricting the underlying physics (e.g., fission neutron multiplicity, reactivity variation) is clearly essential in developing an understanding of the behavior of strongly stochastic systems.

  10. MATH/STAT 352: Probability and Statistics -Summer 2013 Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Nevada Reno

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kozubowski, Tomasz J.

    MATH/STAT 352: Probability and Statistics - Summer 2013 Department of Mathematics and Statistics Course Description MATH/STAT 352 is a calculus-based introduction to the basic ideas of probability Server at http://www.knowledgecenter.unr.edu/dataworks/citrixinfo.html with your Net ID. The knowledge

  11. MATH/STAT 352: Probability and Statistics -Summer 2014 Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Nevada Reno

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kozubowski, Tomasz J.

    MATH/STAT 352: Probability and Statistics - Summer 2014 Department of Mathematics and Statistics Course Description MATH/STAT 352 is a calculus-based introduction to the basic ideas of probability Server at http://www.knowledgecenter.unr.edu/dataworks/citrixinfo.html with your Net ID. The knowledge

  12. MATH/STAT 352: Probability and Statistics -Summer 2012 Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Nevada Reno

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kozubowski, Tomasz J.

    MATH/STAT 352: Probability and Statistics - Summer 2012 Department of Mathematics and Statistics Course Description MATH/STAT 352 is a calculus-based introduction to the basic ideas of probability Server at http://www.knowledgecenter.unr.edu/dataworks/citrixinfo.html with your Net ID. The knowledge

  13. Accepted for publication in European Journal of Operations Research, April 2004 A Bayesian Paired Comparison Approach for Relative Accident Probability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan Ren茅

    Comparison Approach for Relative Accident Probability Assessment with Covariate Information P. Szwed , J risks) is the quantification of accident probability, particularly in the case of rare events. Once information inherently suffers from a sparseness of accident data. Therefore, expert judgment is often

  14. Geothermal resource evaluation of the Yuma area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poluianov, E.W.; Mancini, F.P.

    1985-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents an evaluation of the geothermal potential of the Yuma, Arizona area. A description of the study area and the Salton Trough area is followed by a geothermal analysis of the area, a discussion of the economics of geothermal exploration and exploitation, and recommendations for further testing. It was concluded economic considerations do not favor geothermal development at this time. (ACR)

  15. Annular wave packets at Dirac points and probability oscillation in graphene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ji Luo; Junqiang Lu; Daniel Valencia

    2011-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Wave packets in graphene whose central wave vector is at Dirac points are investigated by numerical calculations. Starting from an initial Gaussian function, these wave packets form into annular peaks that propagate to all directions like ripple-rings on water surface. At the beginning, electronic probability alternates between the central peak and the ripple-rings and transient oscillation occurs at the center. As time increases, the ripple-rings propagate at the fixed Fermi speed, and their widths remain unchanged. The axial symmetry of the energy dispersion leads to the circular symmetry of the wave packets. The fixed speed and widths, however, are attributed to the linearity of the energy dispersion. Interference between states that respectively belong to two branches of the energy dispersion leads to multiple ripple-rings and the probability-density oscillation. In a magnetic field, annular wave packets become confined and no longer propagate to infinity. If the initial Gaussian width differs greatly from the magnetic length, expanding and shrinking ripple-rings form and disappear alternatively in a limited spread, and the wave packet resumes the Gaussian form frequently. The probability thus oscillates persistently between the central peak and the ripple-rings. If the initial Gaussian width is close to the magnetic length, the wave packet retains the Gaussian form and its height and width oscillate with a period determined by the first Landau energy. The wave-packet evolution is determined jointly by the initial state and the magnetic field, through the electronic structure of graphene in a magnetic field.

  16. The Unreasonable Success of Quantum Probability II: Quantum Measurements as Universal Measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diederik Aerts; Massimiliano Sassoli de Bianchi

    2014-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

    In the first part of this two-part article, we have introduced and analyzed a multidimensional model, called the 'general tension-reduction' (GTR) model, able to describe general quantum-like measurements with an arbitrary number of outcomes, and we have used it as a general theoretical framework to study the most general possible condition of lack of knowledge in a measurement, so defining what we have called a 'universal measurement'. In this second part, we present the formal proof that universal measurements, which are averages over all possible forms of fluctuations, produce the same probabilities as measurements characterized by 'uniform' fluctuations on the measurement situation. Since quantum probabilities can be shown to arise from the presence of such uniform fluctuations, we have proven that they can be interpreted as the probabilities of a first-order non-classical theory, describing situations in which the experimenter lacks complete knowledge about the nature of the interaction between the measuring apparatus and the entity under investigation. This same explanation can be applied -- mutatis mutandis -- to the case of cognitive measurements, made by human subjects on conceptual entities, or in decision processes, although it is not necessarily the case that the structure of the set of states would be in this case strictly Hilbertian. We also show that universal measurements correspond to maximally 'robust' descriptions of indeterministic reproducible experiments, and since quantum measurements can also be shown to be maximally robust, this adds plausibility to their interpretation as universal measurements, and provides a further element of explanation for the great success of the quantum statistics in the description of a large class of phenomena.

  17. Ashland Area Support Substation Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) provides wholesale electric service to the City of Ashland (the City) by transferring power over Pacific Power Light Company's (PP L) 115-kilovolt (kV) transmission lines and through PP L's Ashland and Oak Knoll Substations. The City distributes power over a 12.5-kV system which is heavily loaded during winter peak periods and which has reached the limit of its ability to serve peak loads in a reliable manner. Peak loads under normal winter conditions have exceeded the ratings of the transformers at both the Ashland and Oak Knoll Substations. In 1989, the City modified its distribution system at the request of PP L to allow transfer of three megawatts (MW's) of electric power from the overloaded Ashland Substation to the Oak Knoll Substation. In cooperation with PP L, BPA installed a temporary 6-8 megavolt-amp (MVA) 115-12.5-kV transformer for this purpose. This additional transformer, however, is only a temporary remedy. BPA needs to provide additional, reliable long-term service to the Ashland area through additional transformation in order to keep similar power failures from occurring during upcoming winters in the Ashland area. The temporary installation of another 20-MVA mobile transformer at the Ashland Substation and additional load curtailment are currently being studied to provide for sustained electrical service by the peak winter period 1992. Two overall electrical plans-of-service are described and evaluated in this report. One of them is proposed for action. Within that proposed plan-of-service are location options for the substation. Note that descriptions of actions that may be taken by the City of Ashland are based on information provided by them.

  18. Probability representation of quantum evolution and energy level equations for optical tomograms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ya. A. Korennoy; V. I. Man'ko

    2011-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The von Neumann evolution equation for density matrix and the Moyal equation for the Wigner function are mapped onto evolution equation for optical tomogram of quantum state. The connection with known evolution equation for symplectic tomogram of the quantum state is clarified. The stationary states corresponding to quantum energy levels are associated with the probability representation of the von Neumann and Moyal equations written for the optical tomograms. Classical Liouville equation for optical tomogram is obtained. Example of parametric oscillator is considered in detail.

  19. Radiation detection method and system using the sequential probability ratio test

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Nelson, Karl E. (Livermore, CA); Valentine, John D. (Redwood City, CA); Beauchamp, Brock R. (San Ramon, CA)

    2007-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

    A method and system using the Sequential Probability Ratio Test to enhance the detection of an elevated level of radiation, by determining whether a set of observations are consistent with a specified model within a given bounds of statistical significance. In particular, the SPRT is used in the present invention to maximize the range of detection, by providing processing mechanisms for estimating the dynamic background radiation, adjusting the models to reflect the amount of background knowledge at the current point in time, analyzing the current sample using the models to determine statistical significance, and determining when the sample has returned to the expected background conditions.

  20. Everettian Rationality: defending Deutsch's approach to probability in the Everett interpretation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Wallace

    2003-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    An analysis is made of Deutsch's recent claim to have derived the Born rule from decision-theoretic assumptions. It is argued that Deutsch's proof must be understood in the explicit context of the Everett interpretation, and that in this context, it essentially succeeds. Some comments are made about the criticism of Deutsch's proof by Barnum, Caves, Finkelstein, Fuchs, and Schack; it is argued that the flaw which they point out in the proof does not apply if the Everett interpretation is assumed. A longer version of this paper, entitled "Quantum Probability and Decision Theory, Revisted", is also available online.

  1. Psychological scaling of expert estimates of human error probabilities: application to nuclear power plant operation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Comer, K.; Gaddy, C.D.; Seaver, D.A.; Stillwell, W.G.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission and Sandia National Laboratories sponsored a project to evaluate psychological scaling techniques for use in generating estimates of human error probabilities. The project evaluated two techniques: direct numerical estimation and paired comparisons. Expert estimates were found to be consistent across and within judges. Convergent validity was good, in comparison to estimates in a handbook of human reliability. Predictive validity could not be established because of the lack of actual relative frequencies of error (which will be a difficulty inherent in validation of any procedure used to estimate HEPs). Application of expert estimates in probabilistic risk assessment and in human factors is discussed.

  2. Partition of the probability space formally related to isomorphism of minerals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kolonichenko, E. V., E-mail: tugarinov@sgm.ru [Vernadsky State Geological Museum of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Russian Federation)

    2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A formally axiomatic approach to the phenomenon of isomorphism is considered. Empirical facts of isomorphism are investigated as subsets. The wide spread of isomorphism has the property for all xP(x). The construction of subsets in the 'main element-impurity element' coordinates revealed a structure that made it possible to statistically estimate the symmetry and dissymmetry of elements of this structure, construct the probability space ({omega}, F, P), and divide this space into sectors reflecting the dimension of atomic/ionic radii.

  3. Safety analysis, 200 Area, Savannah River Plant: Separations area operations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perkins, W.C.; Lee, R.; Allen, P.M.; Gouge, A.P.

    1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The nev HB-Line, located on the fifth and sixth levels of Building 221-H, is designed to replace the aging existing HB-Line production facility. The nev HB-Line consists of three separate facilities: the Scrap Recovery Facility, the Neptunium Oxide Facility, and the Plutonium Oxide Facility. There are three separate safety analyses for the nev HB-Line, one for each of the three facilities. These are issued as supplements to the 200-Area Safety Analysis (DPSTSA-200-10). These supplements are numbered as Sup 2A, Scrap Recovery Facility, Sup 2B, Neptunium Oxide Facility, Sup 2C, Plutonium Oxide Facility. The subject of this safety analysis, the, Plutonium Oxide Facility, will convert nitrate solutions of {sup 238}Pu to plutonium oxide (PuO{sub 2}) powder. All these new facilities incorporate improvements in: (1) engineered barriers to contain contamination, (2) barriers to minimize personnel exposure to airborne contamination, (3) shielding and remote operations to decrease radiation exposure, and (4) equipment and ventilation design to provide flexibility and improved process performance.

  4. Upper limits on the probability of an interstellar civilization arising in the local Solar neighborhood

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cartin, Daniel

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    At this point in time, there is very little empirical evidence on the likelihood of a space-faring species originating in the biosphere of a habitable world. However, there is a tension between the expectation that such a probability is relatively high (given our own origins on Earth), and the lack of any basis for believing the Solar System has ever been visited by an extraterrestrial colonization effort. This paper seeks to place upper limits on the probability of an interstellar civilization arising on a habitable planet in its stellar system, using a percolation model to simulate the progress of such a hypothetical civilization's colonization efforts in the local Solar neighborhood. To be as realistic as possible, the actual physical positions and characteristics of all stars within 40 parsecs of the Solar System are used as possible colony sites in the percolation process. If an interstellar civilization is very likely to have such colonization programs, and they can travel over large distances, then the...

  5. Modeling Stress Strain Relationships and Predicting Failure Probabilities For Graphite Core Components

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duffy, Stephen

    2013-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

    This project will implement inelastic constitutive models that will yield the requisite stress-strain information necessary for graphite component design. Accurate knowledge of stress states (both elastic and inelastic) is required to assess how close a nuclear core component is to failure. Strain states are needed to assess deformations in order to ascertain serviceability issues relating to failure, e.g., whether too much shrinkage has taken place for the core to function properly. Failure probabilities, as opposed to safety factors, are required in order to capture the bariability in failure strength in tensile regimes. The current stress state is used to predict the probability of failure. Stochastic failure models will be developed that can accommodate possible material anisotropy. This work will also model material damage (i.e., degradation of mechanical properties) due to radiation exposure. The team will design tools for components fabricated from nuclear graphite. These tools must readily interact with finite element software--in particular, COMSOL, the software algorithm currently being utilized by the Idaho National Laboratory. For the eleastic response of graphite, the team will adopt anisotropic stress-strain relationships available in COMSO. Data from the literature will be utilized to characterize the appropriate elastic material constants.

  6. DAYLIGHTING METRICS: IS THERE A RELATION BETWEEN USEFUL DAYLIGHT ILLUMINANCE AND DAYLIGHT GLARE PROBABILITY?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Mardaljevic; M. Andersen; N. Roy; J. Christoffersen

    The establishment of climate-based daylight modelling within research and practice has led to a fundamental reassessment of both the basis and purpose of daylight metrics. Whilst there is no consensus yet on the precise nature of the metric(s) that should replace the daylight factor, it is generally agreed that these should be founded on climate-based daylight modelling (CBDM). In this paper we examine the relation between the predicted annual occurrence of glare and one of the candidate CBDM metrics that has been proposed, called useful daylight illuminance (UDI). The purpose is to determine if one or more of the UDI metrics (predicted for the horizontal workplane) could serve as a proxy for the probability of daylight glare (i.e. a measure of vertical illuminance received at the eye). For glare we use the simplified daylight glare probability model. The setting is a residential building which we use as a 憊irtual laboratory in two design configurations, each evaluated under all 32 combinations of 8 European climates and 4 building orientations.

  7. Measuring and Modeling Fault Density for Plume-Fault Encounter Probability Estimation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jordan, P.D.; Oldenburg, C.M.; Nicot, J.-P.

    2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Emission of carbon dioxide from fossil-fueled power generation stations contributes to global climate change. Storage of this carbon dioxide within the pores of geologic strata (geologic carbon storage) is one approach to mitigating the climate change that would otherwise occur. The large storage volume needed for this mitigation requires injection into brine-filled pore space in reservoir strata overlain by cap rocks. One of the main concerns of storage in such rocks is leakage via faults. In the early stages of site selection, site-specific fault coverages are often not available. This necessitates a method for using available fault data to develop an estimate of the likelihood of injected carbon dioxide encountering and migrating up a fault, primarily due to buoyancy. Fault population statistics provide one of the main inputs to calculate the encounter probability. Previous fault population statistics work is shown to be applicable to areal fault density statistics. This result is applied to a case study in the southern portion of the San Joaquin Basin with the result that the probability of a carbon dioxide plume from a previously planned injection had a 3% chance of encountering a fully seal offsetting fault.

  8. Development and evaluation of probability density functions for a set of human exposure factors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maddalena, R.L.; McKone, T.E.; Bodnar, A.; Jacobson, J.

    1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this report is to describe efforts carried out during 1998 and 1999 at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory to assist the U.S. EPA in developing and ranking the robustness of a set of default probability distributions for exposure assessment factors. Among the current needs of the exposure-assessment community is the need to provide data for linking exposure, dose, and health information in ways that improve environmental surveillance, improve predictive models, and enhance risk assessment and risk management (NAS, 1994). The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Office of Emergency and Remedial Response (OERR) plays a lead role in developing national guidance and planning future activities that support the EPA Superfund Program. OERR is in the process of updating its 1989 Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund (RAGS) as part of the EPA Superfund reform activities. Volume III of RAGS, when completed in 1999 will provide guidance for conducting probabilistic risk assessments. This revised document will contain technical information including probability density functions (PDFs) and methods used to develop and evaluate these PDFs. The PDFs provided in this EPA document are limited to those relating to exposure factors.

  9. MRA-Wavelet subspace architecture for logic, probability, and symbolic sequence processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniel J. Greenhoe

    2014-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The linear subspaces of a multiresolution analysis (MRA) and the linear subspaces of the wavelet analysis induced by the MRA, together with the set inclusion relation, form a very special lattice of subspaces which herein is called a "primorial lattice". This paper introduces an operator R that extracts a set of 2^{N-1} element Boolean lattices from a 2^N element Boolean lattice. Used recursively, a sequence of Boolean lattices with decreasing order is generated---a structure that is similar to an MRA. A second operator, which is a special case of a "difference operator", is introduced that operates on consecutive Boolean lattices L_2^n and L_2^{n-1} to produce a sequence of orthocomplemented lattices. These two sequences, together with the subset ordering relation, form a primorial lattice P. A logic or probability constructed on a Boolean lattice L_2^N likewise induces a primorial lattice P. Such a logic or probability can then be rendered at N different "resolutions" by selecting any one of the N Boolean lattices in P and at N different "frequencies" by selecting any of the N different orthocomplemented lattices in P. Furthermore, P can be used for symbolic sequence analysis by projecting sequences of symbols onto the sublattices in P using one of three lattice projectors introduced. P can be used for symbolic sequence processing by judicious rejection and selection of projected sequences. Examples of symbolic sequences include sequences of logic values, sequences of probabilistic events, and genomic sequences (as used in "genomic signal processing").

  10. About the probability distribution of a quantity with given mean and variance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olivares, Stefano

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Supplement 1 to GUM (GUM-S1) recommends the use of maximum entropy principle (MaxEnt) in determining the probability distribution of a quantity having specified properties, e.g., specified central moments. When we only know the mean value and the variance of a variable, GUM-S1 prescribes a Gaussian probability distribution for that variable. When further information is available, in the form of a finite interval in which the variable is known to lie, we indicate how the distribution for the variable in this case can be obtained. A Gaussian distribution should only be used in this case when the standard deviation is small compared to the range of variation (the length of the interval). In general, when the interval is finite, the parameters of the distribution should be evaluated numerically, as suggested by I. Lira, Metrologia, 46 L27 (2009). Here we note that the knowledge of the range of variation is equivalent to a bias of the distribution toward a flat distribution in that range, and the principle of mini...

  11. Plutonium focus area. Technology summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Assistant Secretary for the Office of Environmental Management (EM) at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) chartered the Plutonium Focus Area (PFA) in October 1995. The PFA {open_quotes}...provides for peer and technical reviews of research and development in plutonium stabilization activities...{close_quotes} In addition, the PFA identifies and develops relevant research and technology. The purpose of this document is to focus attention on the requirements used to develop research and technology for stabilization, storage, and preparation for disposition of nuclear materials. The PFA Technology Summary presents the approach the PFA uses to identify, recommend, and review research. It lists research requirements, research being conducted, and gaps where research is needed. It also summarizes research performed by the PFA in the traditional research summary format. This document encourages researchers and commercial enterprises to do business with PFA by submitting research proposals or {open_quotes}white papers.{close_quotes} In addition, it suggests ways to increase the likelihood that PFA will recommend proposed research to the Nuclear Materials Stabilization Task Group (NMSTG) of DOE.

  12. Critical Areas of State Concern (Maryland)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This legislation designates the Chesapeake Bay, other Atlantic Coastal Bays, and their tributaries and adjacent lands as critical areas of state concern. It is state policy to protect these areas...

  13. Local Area Networks - Applications to Energy Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bakken, B. M.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LOCAL AREA NETWORKS - APPLICATIONS TO MERCY MANAGmNT Advanced BRUCE M. BAKKEN Software bfanager Micro Syatems Corporation Milwaukee, WI ABSTRACT One of the newest advances in computer technology is the Local Area Network. Its many...

  14. Electricity Suppliers' Service Area Assignments (Indiana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    To promote efficiency and avoid waste and duplication, rural and unincorporated areas of Indiana are divided into geographic areas, to be assigned to an electricity provider that will have the sole...

  15. Game Preserves and Closed Areas (Montana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Game preserves and closed areas exist within the state of Montana for the protection of all the game animals and birds. Construction and development is limited in these areas. Currently, only three...

  16. Optimization Online - All Areas Submissions - February 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stochastic Optimization for Power System Configuration with Renewable Energy in Remote Areas Ludwig Kuznia, Bo Zeng, Grisselle Centeno, Zhixin Miao.

  17. Considering LEDs for Street and Area Lighting

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    View Jim Brodrick's keynote video from the September 2009 IES Street and Area Lighting Conference in Philadelphia.

  18. Cuttings Analysis At International Geothermal Area, Indonesia...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Indonesia (Laney, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location International Geothermal Area Indonesia Exploration Technique Cuttings Analysis Activity Date Usefulness not indicated...

  19. D-Area Preliminary Hazards Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blanchard, A. [Westinghouse Savannah River Company, AIKEN, SC (United States); Paik, I.R. [Westinghouse Safety Management Solutions, , ()

    1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A comprehensive review of hazards associated with the D-Area was performed to identify postulated event scenarios.

  20. Shillapoo Wildlife Area, Annual Report 2006-2007.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Calkins, Brian

    2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes accomplishments, challenges and successes on WDFW's Shillapoo Wildlife Area funded under Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA) Wildlife Mitigation Program (BPA project No.2003-012-00) during the Fiscal Year 07 contract period October 1, 2006-September 30, 2007. The information presented here is intended to supplement that contained in BPA's PISCES contract development and reporting system. The organization below is by broad categories of work but references are made to individual work elements in the PISCES Statement of Work as appropriate. The greatest success realized during this contract period was significant positive changes in the vegetative community in several wetland basins throughout the wildlife area. This major goal is being achieved in part by new equipment and operation capability funded under the BPA contract, state capital and migratory bird stamp funds, and the past or ongoing investment of other partners including Ducks Unlimited, The Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), Clark Public Utilities and others. We continue to be challenged by requirements under the archaeological and historic preservation act necessary to protect many sensitive sites known to occur within the wildlife area. The problems encountered to date have been largely administrative in nature and those experienced this year were unforeseen and probably unavoidable. Early in the contract period, WDFW and BPA had agreed to have a BPA staff archaeologist perform the survey and reporting work. Unexpectedly, just prior to the expected start date for the surveys, the employee resigned leaving BPA's staff short handed and necessitated contracting the work with an archaeological consultant. This delay caused us to forego work on several projects that are now deferred until the next contract period. The most notable projects impacted by this unfortunate circumstance are those involving the construction or repair of fences.

  1. Original article Photosynthesis, leaf area and productivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Original article Photosynthesis, leaf area and productivity of 5 poplar clones during; The stem volume and biomass (stem + branches) production, net photosynthesis of mature leaves and leaf area found in volume production, woody biomass production, total leaf area and net photosynthesis. Above

  2. Introduction Marine protected areas (MPA's) are

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    67(1) 1 Introduction Marine protected areas (MPA's) are an important tool for managing fisheries protected area is "any area of the marine environ- ment that has been reserved by Federal, State, tribal, territorial, or local laws or regulations to provide lasting protection for part or all of the natural

  3. THE 2012 KINDER HOUSTON AREA SURVEY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ADJUSTED. #12;WHAT IS THE BIGGEST PROBLEM IN THE HOUSTON AREA TODAY? (1982-2012) 51 47 25 1510 36 71 27 10THE 2012 KINDER HOUSTON AREA SURVEY: Perspectives on a City inTransition STEPHEN L. KLINEBERG The GHP-Kinder Institute Luncheon and Release of the Findings, 24 April 2012 #12;KINDER HOUSTON AREA

  4. Local control of area-preserving maps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cristel Chandre; Michel Vittot; Guido Ciraolo

    2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a method of control of chaos in area-preserving maps. This method gives an explicit expression of a control term which is added to a given area-preserving map. The resulting controlled map which is a small and suitable modification of the original map, is again area-preserving and has an invariant curve whose equation is explicitly known.

  5. West Central North East Area of Tucson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Sharon J.

    0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 West Central North East Area of Tucson #Individuals Anna Broad-billed Costa Rufous Black-chinned 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 West Central North East Area of Tucson not be conflicting, and urban areas may actually provide valuable surrogates for degraded habitats. Our knowledge

  6. A method for estimating common cause failure probability and model parameters : the inverse stress-strength interference (ISSI) technique

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guey, Ching Ning

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this study, an alternative for the analysis of common cause failures (CCFs) is investigated. The method studied consists of using the Licensee Event Report (LER) data to get single component failure probability and using ...

  7. Effect of primer binding probability on amplified misprimed DNA by means of a computational study on the polymerase chain reaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gopalakrishnan, Sanjay

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    parameters are provided and the effects discussed. Finally, the conclusions are presented. It is noted that there was effect of the primer binding probability on the production of amplified DNA of interest in the presence of multiple binding sites...

  8. To understand the cognitive processes involved with probability judgment, decision making, and choice, to explore the implications these processes for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dougherty, Michael

    , and choice, to explore the implications these processes for understanding real-world decision makingObjective To understand the cognitive processes involved with probability judgment, decision making at understanding the cognitive processes underlying diagnostic hypothesis generation and human judgment

  9. A transmission/escape probabilities model for neutral particle transport in the outer regions of a diverted tokamak

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stacey, W.M.

    1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A new computational model for neutral particle transport in the outer regions of a diverted tokamak plasma chamber is presented. The model is based on the calculation of transmission and escape probabilities using first-flight integral transport theory and the balancing of fluxes across the surfaces bounding the various regions. The geometrical complexity of the problem is included in precomputed probabilities which depend only on the mean free path of the region.

  10. Status of delayed-neutron precursor data: Half-lives and neutron emission probabilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Pfeiffer; K. -L. Kratz; P. Moeller

    2001-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We present in this paper a compilation of the present status of experimental delayed-neutron precursor data; i.e. beta-decay half-lives (T_1/2) and neutron emission probabilities (P_n) in the fission-product region (27 <= Z <= 57). These data are compared to two model predictions of substantially different sophistication: (i) an update of the empirical Kratz-Herrmann formula (KHF), and (ii) a unified macroscopic-microscopic model within the quasi-particle random-phase approximation (QRPA). Both models are also used to calculate so far unknown T_1/2 and P_n values up to Z=63. A number of possible refinements in the microscopic calculations are suggested to further improve the nuclear-physics foundation of these data for reactor and astrophysical applications.

  11. Probable projectile-target combinations for the synthesis of super heavy nucleus $^{286}$112

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. P. Santhosh; V. Bobby Jose

    2014-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The fusion cross sections for the reactions of all the projectile-target combinations found in the cold valleys of $^{286}$112 have been studied using scattering potential as the sum of Coulomb and proximity potential, so as to predict the most probable projectile-target combinations in heavy ion fusion reactions for the synthesis of super heavy nucleus $^{286}$112. While considering the nature of potential pockets and half lives of the colliding nuclei, the systems $^{82}$Ge + $^{204}$Hg, $^{80}$Ge + $^{206}$Hg and $^{78}$Zn + $^{208}$Pb found in the deep cold valley region and the systems $^{48}$Ca+$^{238}$U, $^{38}$S+$^{248}$Cm and $^{44}$Ar+$^{242}$Pu in the cold valleys are predicted to be the better optimal projectile-target combinations for the synthesis of super heavy nucleus $^{286}$112.

  12. Outage Probability of the Gaussian MIMO Free-Space Optical Channel with PPM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Letzepis, Nick

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The free-space optical channel has the potential to facilitate inexpensive, wireless communication with fiber-like bandwidth under short deployment timelines. However, atmospheric effects can significantly degrade the reliability of a free-space optical link. In particular, atmospheric turbulence causes random fluctuations in the irradiance of the received laser beam, commonly referred to as scintillation. The scintillation process is slow compared to the large data rates typical of optical transmission. As such, we adopt a quasi-static block fading model and study the outage probability of the channel under the assumption of orthogonal pulse-position modulation. We investigate the mitigation of scintillation through the use of multiple lasers and multiple apertures, thereby creating a multiple-input multiple output (MIMO) channel. Non-ideal photodetection is also assumed such that the combined shot noise and thermal noise are considered as signal-independent Additive Gaussian white noise. Assuming perfect re...

  13. Prescission neutron multiplicity and fission probability from Langevin dynamics of nuclear fission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, G; Chaudhuri, Gargi; Pal, Santanu

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A theoretical model of one-body nuclear friction which was developed earlier, namely the chaos-weighted wall formula, is applied to a dynamical description of compound nuclear decay in the framework of the Langevin equation coupled with statistical evaporation of light particles and photons. We have used both the usual wall formula friction and its chaos-weighted version in the Langevin equation to calculate the fission probability and prescission neutron multiplicity for the compound nuclei $^{178}$W, $^{188}$Pt, $^{200}$Pb, $^{213}$Fr, $^{224}$Th, and $^{251}$Es. We have also obtained the contributions of the presaddle and postsaddle neutrons to the total prescission multiplicity. A detailed analysis of our results leads us to conclude that the chaos-weighted wall formula friction can adequately describe the fission dynamics in the presaddle region. This friction, however, turns out to be too weak to describe the postsaddle dynamics properly. This points to the need for a suitable explanation for the enhanc...

  14. A Simplified Self-Consistent Probabilities Framework to Characterize Percolation Phenomena on Interdependent Networks : An Overview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, Ling; Hu, Yanqing

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Interdependent networks are ubiquitous in our society, ranging from infrastructure to economics, and the study of their cascading behaviors using percolation theory has attracted much attention in the recent years. To analyze the percolation phenomena of these systems, different mathematical frameworks have been proposed including generating functions, eigenvalues among some others. These different frameworks approach the phase transition behaviors from different angles, and have been very successful in shaping the different quantities of interest including critical threshold, size of the giant component, order of phase transition and the dynamics of cascading. These methods also vary in their mathematical complexity in dealing with interdependent networks that have additional complexity in terms of the correlation among different layers of networks or links. In this work, we review a particular approach of simple self-consistent probability equations, and illustrate that it can greatly simplify the mathemati...

  15. Optimal use of time dependent probability density data to extract potential energy surfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lukas Kurtz; Herschel Rabitz; Regina de Vivie-Riedle

    2001-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

    A novel algorithm was recently presented to utilize emerging time dependent probability density data to extract molecular potential energy surfaces. This paper builds on the previous work and seeks to enhance the capabilities of the extraction algorithm: An improved method of removing the generally ill-posed nature of the inverse problem is introduced via an extended Tikhonov regularization and methods for choosing the optimal regularization parameters are discussed. Several ways to incorporate multiple data sets are investigated, including the means to optimally combine data from many experiments exploring different portions of the potential. Results are presented on the stability of the inversion procedure, including the optimal combination scheme, under the influence of data noise. The method is applied to the simulated inversion of a double well system.

  16. Performance Demonstration Based Probablity of Detection (POD) Curves for Fatigue Cracks in Piping

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gosselin, Stephen R.; Simonen, Fredric A.; Heasler, Patrick G.; Becker, F. L.; Doctor, Steven R.; Carter, R. G.

    2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper evaluates non-destructive examination (NDE) detection capabilities for fatigue cracks in piping. Industry performance demonstration initiative (PDI) data for fatigue crack detection were used to develop a matrix of statistically based probability of detection (POD) curves that consider various NDE performance factors. Seven primary performance factors were identified Material, Crack Geometry/Type, NDE Examination Access, NDE Procedure, Examiner Qualification, Pipe Diameter, and Pipe Wall Thickness. A database of 16,181 NDE performance observations, with 18 fields associated with each observation, was created and used to develop statistically based POD curves for 42 stainless steel and 14 carbon steel performance cases. Subsequent comparisons of the POD fits for each of the cases showed that excellent NDE performance for fatigue cracks can be expected for ferritic materials. Very little difference was observed between the POD curves for the 14 carbon steel performance cases considered in this study and NDE performance could therefore be represented by a single POD curve. For stainless steel, very good performance can also be expected for circumferential cracks located on the same side of the weld from which the NDE examination is made. POD depended primarily on component thickness. Three POD curves for stainless steel were prepared. Best estimate and the associated 95% confidence bounds for POD versas through-wall depth logistic regression digital data are provided. Probabilistic fracture mechanics (PFM) calculations were performed to compare best estimate leak probabilities obtained from both the new performance-based POD curves and previous PFM models. This work was performed under joint funding by EPRI and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Nuclear Energy Science and Technology抯 Nuclear Energy Plant Optimization (NEPO) program.

  17. Upper bounds on the error probabilities and asymptotic error exponents in quantum multiple state discrimination

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Audenaert, Koenraad M. R., E-mail: koenraad.audenaert@rhul.ac.uk [Department of Mathematics, Royal Holloway University of London, Egham TW20 0EX (United Kingdom); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Ghent, S9, Krijgslaan 281, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium); Mosonyi, Mil醤, E-mail: milan.mosonyi@gmail.com [F韘ica Te騬ica: Informaci i Fenomens Qu鄋tics, Universitat Aut騨oma de Barcelona, ES-08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona (Spain); Mathematical Institute, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Egry J髗sef u 1., Budapest 1111 (Hungary)

    2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the multiple hypothesis testing problem for symmetric quantum state discrimination between r given states ?{sub 1}, , ?{sub r}. By splitting up the overall test into multiple binary tests in various ways we obtain a number of upper bounds on the optimal error probability in terms of the binary error probabilities. These upper bounds allow us to deduce various bounds on the asymptotic error rate, for which it has been hypothesized that it is given by the multi-hypothesis quantum Chernoff bound (or Chernoff divergence) C(?{sub 1}, , ?{sub r}), as recently introduced by Nussbaum and Szko?a in analogy with Salikhov's classical multi-hypothesis Chernoff bound. This quantity is defined as the minimum of the pairwise binary Chernoff divergences min{sub j

  18. Physical Model Assisted Probability of Detection in Nondestructive Evaluation for Detecting of Flaws in Titanium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    evaluation (NDE) is used to characterize the status or properties of components or structures without causing any permanent physical damage. The aerospace industry is one important NDE application area where/03 (1989) and NTSB/AAR-90/06 (1990)]. In virtually all NDE applications, there are random effects

  19. Approved Module Information for AM10SP, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Statistics and Probability Module Code: AM10SP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neirotti, Juan Pablo

    Approved Module Information for AM10SP, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Statistics and Probability Module Code: AM10SP School: Engineering and Applied Science Module Type: Standard Module New Module? No Module of probability and statistics. They should be able to: * solve problems concerning elementary probability

  20. Structural analysis and geologic history of the Cedar Fourche area, Lake Ouachita, Arkansas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tucker, James William

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the Arkoma Basin, The deformed Paleozoic rocks to the south are onlapped by the updip exposure of Cretaceous and younger sed1ments of the Coastal Pla1n (Fig. 2}. Exposed Qrdovi c1an through Devonian-Mi ss1 ssippian rocks consist of black shales... Womble shales. The Ordo- v1ci an Bi gfork Formation is probably close to the 195 meter thick- ness reported by Oav1es and W1lliamson (1976), based on cross sections through the northern exposures 1n the study area (Plate 'I). This thi ckness...

  1. The Ohio Community Reinvestment Area (Ohio)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Ohio Community Reinvestment Area program is an economic development tool administered by municipal and county government that provides real property tax exemptions for property owners who...

  2. Radiation-dominated area metric cosmology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frederic P. Schuller; Mattias N. R. Wohlfarth

    2007-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We provide further crucial support for a refined, area metric structure of spacetime. Based on the solution of conceptual issues, such as the consistent coupling of fermions and the covariant identification of radiation fields on area metric backgrounds, we show that the radiation-dominated epoch of area metric cosmology is equivalent to that epoch in standard Einstein cosmology. This ensures, in particular, successful nucleosynthesis. This surprising result complements the previously derived prediction of a small late-time acceleration of an area metric universe.

  3. Geothermal Literature Review At International Geothermal Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Taupo, North Island, re: Heat Flow References G. Ranalli, L. Rybach (2005) Heat Flow, Heat Transfer And Lithosphere Rheology In Geothermal Areas- Features And Examples...

  4. White Etch Areas: Metallurgical Characterization and Atomistic...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Atomistic Modeling Presented by R. Scott Hyde of Timken Company at the 2014 Wind Turbine Tribology Seminar Timken Hyde White Etch Areas ANL Presentation Oct 2014...

  5. Management of Specific Flood Plain Areas (Iowa)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Floodplain management orders by the Iowa Department of Natural Resources as well as approved local ordinances designate an area as a regulated floodplain. These regulations establish minimum...

  6. Geographic Information System At International Geothermal Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Area, Indonesia (Nash, Et Al., 2002) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geographic Information System At International Geothermal...

  7. Redevelopment of Areas Needing Redevelopment Generally (Indiana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Redevelopment commissions are responsible for developing plans and managing tools used to address conditions of blight (redevelopment areas) and underutilized land of economic significance ...

  8. DFAS Wide-Area Workflow Issues

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation covers the DFAS wide-area workflow issues and is given at the Spring 2011 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting.

  9. Solar Power for Deployment in Populated Areas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hicks, Nathan Andrew

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??The thesis presents background on solar thermal energy and addresses the structural challenges associated with the deployment of concentrating solar power fields in urban areas. (more)

  10. On Possible Influence of Space Weather on Agricultural Markets: Necessary Conditions and Probable Scenarios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pustilnik, Lev

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the results of study of a possible relationship between the space weather and terrestrial markets of agricultural products. It is shown that to implement the possible effect of space weather on the terrestrial harvests and prices, a simultaneous fulfillment of three conditions is required: 1) sensitivity of local weather (cloud cover, atmospheric circulation) to the state of space weather; 2) sensitivity of the area of specific agricultural crops to the weather anomalies (belonging to the area of risk farming); 3) relative isolation of the market, making it difficult to damp the price hikes by the external food supplies. Four possible scenarios of the market response to the modulations of local terrestrial weather via the solar activity are described. The data sources and analysis methods applied to detect this relationship are characterized. We describe the behavior of 22 European markets during the medieval period, in particular, during the Maunder minimum (1650-1715). We demonstrate a reliable m...

  11. Optimal steering of a linear stochastic system to a final probability distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yongxin Chen; Tryphon Georgiou; Michele Pavon

    2014-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the problem to steer a linear dynamical system with full state observation from an initial gaussian distribution in state-space to a final one with minimum energy control. The system is stochastically driven through the control channels; an example for such a system is that of an inertial particle experiencing random "white noise" forcing. We show that a target probability distribution can always be achieved in finite time. The optimal control is given in state-feedback form and is computed explicitely by solving a pair of differential Lyapunov equations that are coupled through their boundary values. This result, given its attractive algorithmic nature, appears to have several potential applications such as to active control of nanomechanical systems and molecular cooling. The problem to steer a diffusion process between end-point marginals has a long history (Schr\\"odinger bridges) and therefore, the present case of steering a linear stochastic system constitutes a Schr\\"odinger bridge for possibly degenerate diffusions. Our results, however, provide the first implementable form of the optimal control for a general Gauss-Markov process. Illustrative examples of the optimal evolution and control for inertial particles and a stochastic oscillator are provided. A final result establishes directly the property of Schr\\"{o}dinger bridges as the most likely random evolution between given marginals to the present context of linear stochastic systems.

  12. Development and methodology of level 1 probability safety assessment at PUSPATI TRIGA Reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maskin, Mazleha; Tom, Phongsakorn Prak; Lanyau, Tonny Anak; Saad, Mohamad Fauzi; Ismail, Ahmad Razali; Abu, Mohamad Puad Haji [Malaysian Nuclear Agency, MOSTI, Bangi, 43000 Kajang, Selangor (Malaysia); Brayon, Fedrick Charlie Matthew [Atomic Energy Licensing Board, MOSTI, 43800 Dengkil, Selangor (Malaysia); Mohamed, Faizal [Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor (Malaysia)

    2014-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

    As a consequence of the accident at the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant in Japan, the safety aspects of the one and only research reactor (31 years old) in Malaysia need be reviewed. Based on this decision, Malaysian Nuclear Agency in collaboration with Atomic Energy Licensing Board and Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia develop a Level-1 Probability Safety Assessment on this research reactor. This work is aimed to evaluate the potential risks of incidents in RTP and at the same time to identify internal and external hazard that may cause any extreme initiating events. This report documents the methodology in developing a Level 1 PSA performed for the RTP as a complementary approach to deterministic safety analysis both in neutronics and thermal hydraulics. This Level-1 PSA work has been performed according to the procedures suggested in relevant IAEA publications and at the same time numbers of procedures has been developed as part of an Integrated Management System programme implemented in Nuclear Malaysia.

  13. Probability distribution functions of gas in M31 and M51

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berkhuijsen, Elly M

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present probability distribution functions (PDFs) of the surface densities of ionized and neutral gas in the nearby spiral galaxies M31 and M51, as well as of dust emission and extinction Av in M31. The PDFs are close to lognormal and those for HI and Av in M31 are nearly identical. However, the PDFs for H2 are wider than the HI PDFs and the M51 PDFs have larger dispersions than those for M31. We use a simple model to determine how the PDFs are changed by variations in the line-of-sight (LOS) pathlength L through the gas, telescope resolution and the volume filling factor of the gas, f_v. In each of these cases the dispersion sigma of the lognormal PDF depends on the variable with a negative power law. We also derive PDFs of mean LOS volume densities of gas components in M31 and M51. Combining these with the volume density PDFs for different components of the ISM in the Milky Way (MW), we find that sigma decreases with increasing length L with an exponent of -0.76 +/- 0.06, which is steeper than expected. ...

  14. Power-law tails in probability density functions of molecular cloud column density

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brunt, Chris

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Power-law tails are often seen in probability density functions (PDFs) of molecular cloud column densities, and have been attributed to the effect of gravity. We show that extinction PDFs of a sample of five molecular clouds obtained at a few tenths of a parsec resolution, probing extinctions up to A$_{{\\mathrm{V}}}$ $\\sim$ 10 magnitudes, are very well described by lognormal functions provided that the field selection is tightly constrained to the cold, molecular zone and that noise and foreground contamination are appropriately accounted for. In general, field selections that incorporate warm, diffuse material in addition to the cold, molecular material will display apparent core+tail PDFs. The apparent tail, however, is best understood as the high extinction part of a lognormal PDF arising from the cold, molecular part of the cloud. We also describe the effects of noise and foreground/background contamination on the PDF structure, and show that these can, if not appropriately accounted for, induce spurious ...

  15. Probability of loss of assured safety in systems with multiple time-dependent failure modes.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Helton, Jon Craig; Pilch, Martin M.; Sallaberry, Cedric M.

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Weak link (WL)/strong link (SL) systems are important parts of the overall operational design of high-consequence systems. In such designs, the SL system is very robust and is intended to permit operation of the entire system under, and only under, intended conditions. In contrast, the WL system is intended to fail in a predictable and irreversible manner under accident conditions and render the entire system inoperable before an accidental operation of the SL system. The likelihood that the WL system will fail to deactivate the entire system before the SL system fails (i.e., degrades into a configuration that could allow an accidental operation of the entire system) is referred to as probability of loss of assured safety (PLOAS). Representations for PLOAS for situations in which both link physical properties and link failure properties are time-dependent are derived and numerically evaluated for a variety of WL/SL configurations, including PLOAS defined by (i) failure of all SLs before failure of any WL, (ii) failure of any SL before failure of any WL, (iii) failure of all SLs before failure of all WLs, and (iv) failure of any SL before failure of all WLs. The effects of aleatory uncertainty and epistemic uncertainty in the definition and numerical evaluation of PLOAS are considered.

  16. On the probability of major-axis precession in triaxial ellipsoidal potentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. A. Thomas; S. Vine; F. R. Pearce

    1993-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Orbits in triaxial ellipsoidal potentials precess about either the major or minor axis of the ellipsoid. In standard perturbation theory it can be shown that a circular orbit will precess about the minor axis if its angular momentum vector lies in a region bounded by two great circles which pass through the intermediate axis and which are inclined with minimum separation $i_T$ from the minor axis. We test the accuracy of the standard formula for $i_T$ by performing orbit integrations to determine $i_S$, the simulated turnover angle corresponding to $i_T$. We reach two principal conclusions: (i) $i_S$ is usually greater than $i_T$, by as much as 12 degrees even for moderate triaxialities, $A/1.2probability for capture of gas onto orbits which precess about both axes. Interactions can then lead to substantial loss of angular momentum and subsequent infall to the galactic centre.

  17. Long-Term Probability Distribution of Wind Turbine Planetary Bearing Loads (Poster)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jiang, Z.; Xing, Y.; Guo, Y.; Dong, W.; Moan, T.; Gao, Z.

    2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Among the various causes of bearing damage and failure, metal fatigue of the rolling contact surface is the dominant failure mechanism. The fatigue life is associated with the load conditions under which wind turbines operate in the field. Therefore, it is important to understand the long-term distribution of the bearing loads under various environmental conditions. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory's 750-kW Gearbox Reliability Collaborative wind turbine is studied in this work. A decoupled analysis using several computer codes is carried out. The global aero-elastic simulations are performed using HAWC2. The time series of the drivetrain loads and motions from the global dynamic analysis are fed to a drivetrain model in SIMPACK. The time-varying internal pressure distribution along the raceway is obtained analytically. A series of probability distribution functions are then used to fit the long-term statistical distribution at different locations along raceways. The long-term distribution of the bearing raceway loads are estimated under different environmental conditions. Finally, the bearing fatigue lives are calculated.

  18. The role of presumed probability density function in the simulation of non premixed turbulent combustion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coclite, Alessandro; De Palma, Pietro; Cutrone, Luigi

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Flamelet Progress Variable (FPV) combustion models allow the evaluation of all thermo chemical quantities in a reacting flow by computing only the mixture fraction Z and a progress variable C. When using such a method to predict a turbulent combustion in conjunction with a turbulence model, a probability density function (PDF) is required to evaluate statistical averages (e.g., Favre average) of chemical quantities. The choice of the PDF is a compromise between computational costs and accuracy level. The aim of this paper is to investigate the influence of the PDF choice and its modeling aspects in the simulation of non premixed turbulent combustion. Three different models are considered: the standard one, based on the choice of a beta distribution for Z and a Dirac distribution for C; a model employing a beta distribution for both Z and C; a third model obtained using a beta distribution for Z and the statistical most likely distribution (SMLD) for C. The standard model, although widely used, doesn't take in...

  19. An extended SMLD approach for presumed probability density function in flamelet combustion model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coclite, Alessandro; De Palma, Pietro; Cutrone, Luigi

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper provides an extension of the standard flamelet progress variable (FPV) approach for turbulent combustion, applying the statistically most likely distribution (SMLD) framework to the joint PDF of the mixture fraction, Z, and the progress variable, C. In this way one does not need to make any assumption about the statistical correlation between Z and C and about the behaviour of the mixture fraction, as required in previous FPV models. In fact, for state-of-the-art models, with the assumption of very-fast-chemistry,Z is widely accepted to behave as a passive scalar characterized by a $\\beta$-distribution function. Instead, the model proposed here, evaluates the most probable joint distribution of Z and C without any assumption on their behaviour and provides an effective tool to verify the adequateness of widely used hypotheses, such as their statistical independence. The model is validated versus three well-known test cases, namely, the Sandia flames. The results are compared with those obtained by ...

  20. Poly(vinyl alcohol) based hydrogen-bonded multilayers : from pH-controlled multi-stage dissolution to zwitter-wettable surfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hyomin, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Understanding the mechanisms that govern the structure and function of synthetic polymer thin films is of fundamental and practical significance for developing a diverse range of functional surfaces including antifogging ...

  1. Faculty & Staff Areas of Specialization ENGINEERING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harms, Kyle E.

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 Engineering Engagement for Student Success (ENG2 ) . . . . .9 Division of Engineering Services Services WARREN R. HULL Manager, Engineering Communication Studio MIMI LAVALLE Director of CommunicationsFaculty & Staff Areas of Specialization 2010-2011 COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING #12;Faculty & Staff Areas

  2. Industrial & Systems Engineering Areas of Engineering Interests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berdichevsky, Victor

    Industrial & Systems Engineering Areas of Engineering Interests The Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering understands our students may work as Industrial Engineers in other engineering industries, and to help prepare them for these careers, the ISE Areas of Interest was formulated. The courses

  3. Pine Ridge Area Community Wildfire Protection Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farritor, Shane

    Pine Ridge Area Community Wildfire Protection Plan Update 2013 West Ash Fire: Wednesday August 29 the boundary of the original plan to include all the area within the Upper Niobrara White Natural Resource, 2012 #12;Facilitated by: Nebraska Forest Service In cooperation with: Region 23 Fire Protection

  4. Postdoctoral Scholar position Area: Mathematics Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Leon, Alex R.

    with the City of Calgary's vibrant energy and diversity. The university is home to scholars in 14 facultiesPostdoctoral Scholar position Area: Mathematics Education Duration: 18 months Start date: January 1, invites applications for a Postdoctoral Fellowship in the area of mathematics education. This competition

  5. ARRA Proposed Award: Retrofit Bay Area

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ARRA Proposed Award: Retrofit Bay Area Counties of Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, San Francisco per year Prime contractor: Association of Bay Area Governments (ABAG) Sub contractors: Alameda County Waste Management Authority (StopWaste.org) County of Contra Costa County of Marin City

  6. 7, 66876718, 2007 Mexico City area

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Discussions Emissions from forest fires near Mexico City R. Yokelson1 , S. Urbanski2 , E. Atlas3 , D. Toohey4ACPD 7, 6687颅6718, 2007 Mexico City area mountain fires R. Yokelson et al. Title Page Abstract to: R. Yokelson (bob.yokelson@umontana.edu) 6687 #12;ACPD 7, 6687颅6718, 2007 Mexico City area

  7. Alamo Area Regional Public Transportation Coordination Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alamo Area Council of Governments

    2006-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    KFH GROUP, INC. ALAMO AREA REGIONAL PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION COORDINATION PLAN Developed for: The Alamo Area Council of Governments and the San Antonio-Bexar County Metropolitan Planning Organization By: KFH Group..............................................................................................................................4 SUMMARY OF TRAVEL PATTERNS IN THE ALAMO REGION...............................................9 COORDINATION AND SERVICE ALTERNATIVES .................................................................16 COORDINATED TRANSPORTATION: PLANNED...

  8. BUILDING 96 RECOMMENDATION FOR SOURCE AREA REMEDIATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OU III BUILDING 96 RECOMMENDATION FOR SOURCE AREA REMEDIATION FINAL Prepared by: Brookhaven FOR U.S. Department of Energy March 2009 #12;i OU III BUILDING 96 RECOMMENDATION FOR SOURCE AREA..................................................................................................................4 4.0 Building 96 颅 Operational Background

  9. Nutrient Management Examination Competency Areas Individual Specialists

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guiltinan, Mark

    and reference materials are included on the Nutrient Management Resource CD distributed at the Nutrientv.01.2014 Nutrient Management Examination Competency Areas Individual Specialists The competency areas in this listing were developed according to the requirements of Pennsylvania's Nutrient Management

  10. Burnup calculation by the method of first-flight collision probabilities using average chords prior to the first collision

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karpushkin, T. Yu., E-mail: timka83@yandex.ru [Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute (Russian Federation)

    2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A technique to calculate the burnup of materials of cells and fuel assemblies using the matrices of first-flight neutron collision probabilities rebuilt at a given burnup step is presented. A method to rebuild and correct first collision probability matrices using average chords prior to the first neutron collision, which are calculated with the help of geometric modules of constructed stochastic neutron trajectories, is described. Results of calculation of the infinite multiplication factor for elementary cells with a modified material composition compared to the reference one as well as calculation of material burnup in the cells and fuel assemblies of a VVER-1000 are presented.

  11. Probability of failure of the waste hoist brake system at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greenfield, M.A. [Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Sargent, T.J. [Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States)]|[Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Hoover Institution

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In its most recent report on the annual probability of failure of the waste hoist brake system at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), the annual failure rate is calculated to be 1.3E({minus}7)(1/yr), rounded off from 1.32E({minus}7). A calculation by the Environmental Evaluation Group (EEG) produces a result that is about 4% higher, namely 1.37E({minus}7)(1/yr). The difference is due to a minor error in the US Department of Energy (DOE) calculations in the Westinghouse 1996 report. WIPP`s hoist safety relies on a braking system consisting of a number of components including two crucial valves. The failure rate of the system needs to be recalculated periodically to accommodate new information on component failure, changes in maintenance and inspection schedules, occasional incidents such as a hoist traveling out-of-control, either up or down, and changes in the design of the brake system. This report examines DOE`s last two reports on the redesigned waste hoist system. In its calculations, the DOE has accepted one EEG recommendation and is using more current information about the component failures rates, the Nonelectronic Parts Reliability Data (NPRD). However, the DOE calculations fail to include the data uncertainties which are described in detail in the NPRD reports. The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission recommended that a system evaluation include mean estimates of component failure rates and take into account the potential uncertainties that exist so that an estimate can be made on the confidence level to be ascribed to the quantitative results. EEG has made this suggestion previously and the DOE has indicated why it does not accept the NRC recommendation. Hence, this EEG report illustrates the importance of including data uncertainty using a simple statistical example.

  12. Parameter Analysis of the VPIN (Volume synchronized Probability of Informed Trading) Metric

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Song, Jung Heon; Wu, Kesheng; Simon, Horst D.

    2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    VPIN (Volume synchronized Probability of Informed trading) is a leading indicator of liquidity-induced volatility. It is best known for having produced a signal more than hours before the Flash Crash of 2010. On that day, the market saw the biggest one-day point decline in the Dow Jones Industrial Average, which culminated to the market value of $1 trillion disappearing, but only to recover those losses twenty minutes later (Lauricella 2010). The computation of VPIN requires the user to set up a handful of free parameters. The values of these parameters significantly affect the effectiveness of VPIN as measured by the false positive rate (FPR). An earlier publication reported that a brute-force search of simple parameter combinations yielded a number of parameter combinations with FPR of 7percent. This work is a systematic attempt to find an optimal parameter set using an optimization package, NOMAD (Nonlinear Optimization by Mesh Adaptive Direct Search) by Audet, le digabel, and tribes (2009) and le digabel (2011). We have implemented a number of techniques to reduce the computation time with NOMAD. Tests show that we can reduce the FPR to only 2percent. To better understand the parameter choices, we have conducted a series of sensitivity analysis via uncertainty quantification on the parameter spaces using UQTK (Uncertainty Quantification Toolkit). Results have shown dominance of 2 parameters in the computation of FPR. Using the outputs from NOMAD optimization and sensitivity analysis, We recommend A range of values for each of the free parameters that perform well on a large set of futures trading records.

  13. Universal Probability Distribution for the Wave Function of a Quantum System Entangled with Its Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheldon Goldstein; Joel L. Lebowitz; Christian Mastrodonato; Roderich Tumulka; Nino Zanghi

    2015-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

    A quantum system (with Hilbert space $\\mathscr{H}_1$) entangled with its environment (with Hilbert space $\\mathscr{H}_2$) is usually not attributed a wave function but only a reduced density matrix $\\rho_1$. Nevertheless, there is a precise way of attributing to it a random wave function $\\psi_1$, called its conditional wave function, whose probability distribution $\\mu_1$ depends on the entangled wave function $\\psi\\in\\mathscr{H}_1\\otimes\\mathscr{H}_2$ in the Hilbert space of system and environment together. It also depends on a choice of orthonormal basis of $\\mathscr{H}_2$ but in relevant cases, as we show, not very much. We prove several universality (or typicality) results about $\\mu_1$, e.g., that if the environment is sufficiently large then for every orthonormal basis of $\\mathscr{H}_2$, most entangled states $\\psi$ with given reduced density matrix $\\rho_1$ are such that $\\mu_1$ is close to one of the so-called GAP (Gaussian adjusted projected) measures, $GAP(\\rho_1)$. We also show that, for most entangled states $\\psi$ from a microcanonical subspace (spanned by the eigenvectors of the Hamiltonian with energies in a narrow interval $[E,E+\\delta E]$) and most orthonormal bases of $\\mathscr{H}_2$, $\\mu_1$ is close to $GAP(\\mathrm{tr}_2 \\rho_{mc})$ with $\\rho_{mc}$ the normalized projection to the microcanonical subspace. In particular, if the coupling between the system and the environment is weak, then $\\mu_1$ is close to $GAP(\\rho_\\beta)$ with $\\rho_\\beta$ the canonical density matrix on $\\mathscr{H}_1$ at inverse temperature $\\beta=\\beta(E)$. This provides the mathematical justification of our claim in [J. Statist. Phys. 125:1193 (2006), http://arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0309021] that $GAP$ measures describe the thermal equilibrium distribution of the wave function.

  14. An ensemble CCDAS method to derive the full probabilityAn ensemble CCDAS method to derive the full probability distribution of the global net COdistribution of the global net CO22 fluxflux

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    probability distribution of the global net COdistribution of the global net CO22 fluxflux Tilo Ziehn, Marko to their a priori mean and standard deviation. This provides us with monthly fields of the net primary productivity are propagated forward using the Jacobian model code to obtain the uncertainty in the net ecosystem productivity

  15. 3000 Area Phase 1 environmental assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ranade, D.G.

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) is planning to sell the 3000 Area to prospective buyers. Environmental Services was requested by the WHC Economic Transition group to assess potential environmental liabilities in the area. Historical review of the area indicated that the site was the location of ``Camp Hanford`` in 1951 and has been used for a variety of purposes since then. The activities in the area have changed over the years. A number of Buildings from the area have been demolished and at least 15 underground storage tanks (USTs) have been removed. Part of the 3000 Area was identified as Operable Unit 1100-EM-3 in the Tri-Party Agreement and was cleaned up by the US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE). The cleanup included removal of contaminated soil and USTS. WHC and ICF KH had also performed sampling and analysis at some locations in the 3000 Area prior to USACE`s work on the Operable Unit 1100-EM-3. They removed a number of USTs and performed remediation.

  16. 200 North Aggregate Area source AAMS report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents the results of an aggregate area management study (AAMS) for the 200 North Aggregate Area in the 200 Areas of the US Department of Energy (DOE) Hanford Site in Washington State. This scoping level study provides the basis for initiating Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS) activities under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA) or Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Facility Investigations (RFI) and Corrective Measures Studies (CMS) under RCRA. This report also integrates select RCRA treatment, storage, or disposal (TSD) closure activities with CERCLA and RCRA past practice investigations.

  17. Trial Demonstration of Area Lighting Retrofit

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    LED Area Lighting Retrofit: Yuma Border Patrol Along the Yuma Sector Border Patrol Area in Yuma, Arizona, the GATEWAY program conducted a trial demonstration in which the incumbent quartz metal halide area lighting was replaced with LED at three pole locations. The LED system was found to equal or better the incumbent system in terms of both illuminance and uniformity, and an advanced optical system and lower pole height improved the illuminance uniformity, reduced stray light, and increased projected energy and maintenance cost savings. This high luminous flux and high temperature application is not unique and similar applications can benefit from the findings of this installation.

  18. Conditional Probabilities and Contingency Space Analysis: A Statistical Overview of the Relationship Between Student Behavior and Teacher Consequence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kathurima, Belinda Namugenyi

    2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    of teachers' use of reprimands and praise following student disruption and on-task behavior from baseline to an intervention known as the Class-Wide Function-related Intervention Teams (CW-FIT; Wills et al., 2010). The conditional probabilities of teacher...

  19. Imprecise Reliability Assessment and Decision-Making when the Type of the Probability Distribution of the Random Variables is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nikolaidis, Efstratios

    the upper and lower bounds of the reliability of a system involving such variables. A method for modeling, is formulated and solved in order to estimate the minimum and maximum values of a system's reliability1 Imprecise Reliability Assessment and Decision-Making when the Type of the Probability

  20. The joint probability of rainfall and runoff deficits in the Netherlands Jules J. Beersma and T. Adri Buishand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beersma, Jules

    The joint probability of rainfall and runoff deficits in the Netherlands Jules J. Beersma and T. Adri Buishand Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KMNI), PO Box 201, 3730 AE De Bilt, the Netherlands; email: beersma@knmi.nl Abstract The Netherlands are situated at the downstream end of the Rhine

  1. 178 VI. CLASSICAL PROBABILITY AND ITS RENAISSANCE 11. M. Tribus, Rational Descriptions, Decisions and Designs, p. 130. Oxford: Pergamon,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fitelson, Branden

    . However, the classical theory lacked guidelines for the identifica- tion of a balance of evidence gives us few guidelines for the actual determination of logical probability. Finally, we consider Carnap, quantitative logical relation, called degree of confirmation (d.c.), to measure the support one statement lends

  2. Calculation of probabilities of transfer, recurrence intervals, and positional indices for linear compartment models. Environmental Sciences Division Publication no. 1544

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carney, J.H.; DeAngelis, D.L.; Gardner, R.H.; Mankin, J.B.; Post, W.M.

    1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Six indices are presented for linear compartment systems that quantify the probable pathways of matter or energy transfer, the likelihood of recurrence if the model contains feedback loops, and the number of steps (transfers) through the system. General examples are used to illustrate how these indices can simplify the comparison of complex systems or organisms in unrelated systems.

  3. 4.9A Creating a Poisson-Patterned Spike Train How neurotransmitter release probabilities might create Poisson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strevens, Michael

    4.9A Creating a Poisson-Patterned Spike Train How neurotransmitter release probabilities might create Poisson patterns in a spike train for use in a foraging decision maker Version of 4/26/03 Perhaps to the iid nature of the release prob- ability; this is enough to generate a spike train from the output

  4. Large-eddy simulation/probability density function modeling of a non-premixed CO/H2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;applicable to practical devices such as gas turbine combustors and internal combustion engines [2颅 4]. In LESLarge-eddy simulation/probability density function modeling of a non-premixed CO/H2 temporally-by-exchange with the mean (IEM) mix- ing model (with molecular transport) are solved by the highly-scalable NGA/HPDF codes

  5. About Kings Area Rural Transit The Kings County Area Public Transit Agency operates the Kings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenberg, Albert

    Case Study About Kings Area Rural Transit The Kings County Area Public Transit Agency operates's Central Valley. In the middle is Kings County, home to diverse communities of rural workers. The county the Kings Area Rural Transit (KART) vanpool program in California's San Joaquin Valley. Part of KART

  6. Survival probability and energy modification of hydrogen Energetic Neutral Atoms on their way from the termination shock to Earth orbit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Bzowski

    2008-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Context: With the forthcoming launch of a NASA SMEX mission IBEX devoted to imaging of heliospheric interface by in-situ detection of Energetic Neutral Atoms (ENA) an important issue becomes recognizing of transport of these atoms from the termination shock of the solar wind to Earth orbit. Aims: Investigate modifications of energy and of survival probability of the H ENA detectable by IBEX (0.01 -- 6 keV) between the termination shock and Earth orbit taking into account the influence of the variable and anisotropic solar wind and solar EUV radiation. Methods: Energy change of the atoms is calculated by numerical simulations of orbits of the H ENA atoms from ~100 AU from the Sun down to Earth orbit, taking into account solar gravity and Lyman-$\\alpha$ radiation pressure, which is variable in time and depends on radial velocity of the atom. To calculate survival probabilities of the atoms against onization, a detailed 3D and time-dependent model of H ENA ionization based on observations of the solar wind and EUV ionizing radiation is constructed, and wth the use of this model probabilities of survival of the atoms are calculated by numerical integration along the previously calculated orbits. Results: Owing to the radiation pressure, H ENA reach the Earth orbit practically without energy and direction change except the atoms with energy lower than 0.1 keV during high solar activity. For a given energy at Earth orbit one expects fluctuations of survival probability from ~20% at 0.01 keV down to just a few percent at 6 keV and a modulation of survival probability as a function of the location at Earth orbit, ecliptic latitude of the arrival direction, and the phase of solar cycle with an amplitude of a few dozen percent for 0.1 keV atoms at solar minimum to a few percent for 6 keV atoms at solar maximum.

  7. Regulating new construction in historic areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sellers-Garcia, Oliver

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study is an examination of how the restrictiveness of different design regulations impacts the process of new construction in historic areas. The North End, South End, and Back Bay neighborhoods of Boston were identified ...

  8. Critical Areas Act of 1973 (Minnesota)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This Act applies to certain areas of the state with important historic, cultural, or esthetic values, or natural systems with functions of greater than local significance. Plans for a given...

  9. Coal seam natural gas producing areas (Louisiana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In order to prevent waste and to avoid the drilling of unnecessary wells and to encourage the development of coal seam natural gas producing areas in Louisiana, the commissioner of conservation is...

  10. Fast Adaptive Silhouette Area based Template Matching

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zachmann, Gabriel

    Fast Adaptive Silhouette Area based Template Matching Daniel Mohr and Gabriel Zachmann If (Technical Informatics and Computer Systems) Prof. Dr. Gabriel Zachmann (Computer Graphics) Prof. Dr Template Matching Daniel Mohr and Gabriel Zachmann Clausthal University of Technology, Department

  11. 300 area TEDF permit compliance monitoring plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    BERNESKI, L.D.

    1998-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

    This document presents the permit compliance monitoring plan for the 300 Area Treated Effluent Disposal Facility (TEDF). It addresses the compliance with the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit and Department of Natural Resources Aquatic Lands Sewer Outfall Lease.

  12. Knoxville Area Transit: Propane Hybrid Electric Trolleys

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A 2-page fact sheet summarizing the evaluation done by the U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity on the Knoxville Area Transit's use of propane hybrid electric trolleys.

  13. Metropolitan area network support at Fermilab

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeMar, Phil; Andrews, Chuck; Bobyshev, Andrey; Crawford, Matt; Colon, Orlando; Fry, Steve; Grigaliunas, Vyto; Lamore, Donna; Petravick, Don; /Fermilab

    2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Advances in wide area network service offerings, coupled with comparable developments in local area network technology have enabled many research sites to keep their offsite network bandwidth ahead of demand. For most sites, the more difficult and costly aspect of increasing wide area network capacity is the local loop, which connects the facility LAN to the wide area service provider(s). Fermilab, in coordination with neighboring Argonne National Laboratory, has chosen to provide its own local loop access through leasing of dark fiber to nearby network exchange points, and procuring dense wave division multiplexing (DWDM) equipment to provide data channels across those fibers. Installing and managing such optical network infrastructure has broadened the Laboratory's network support responsibilities to include operating network equipment that is located off-site, and is technically much different than classic LAN network equipment. Effectively, the Laboratory has assumed the role of a local service provider. This paper will cover Fermilab's experiences with deploying and supporting a Metropolitan Area Network (MAN) infrastructure to satisfy its offsite networking needs. The benefits and drawbacks of providing and supporting such a service will be discussed.

  14. Half-lives and delayed neutron emission probabilities of neutron-rich Li--Al nuclides (US)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reeder, P.L.; Warner, R.A.; Hensley, W.K. (Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Richland, Washington (USA)); Vieira, D.J.; Wouters, J.M. (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico (USA))

    1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Beta-decay half-lives and delayed neutron emission probabilities of very neutron-rich nuclides from Li to Al have been measured by a delayed coincidence technique. Neutron-rich nuclides were produced by reaction of 800-MeV protons on a {sup 232}Th target and were individually identified by use of the time-of-flight isochronous spectrometer. For 16 previously measured nucides, the half-lives determined here agree with literature values within the uncertainties. The previously unmeasured half-lives for {sup 25}F (59{plus minus}40 ms) and {sup 28}Ne (14{plus minus}10 ms) have been determined. Delayed neutron emission has been measured for {sup 12}Be, {sup 14}B, {sup 17}C, {sup 18}N, {sup 25}F, and {sup 28}Ne. Emission probabilities are reported for 19 precursors and upper limits are reported for 12 other nuclides. These data are compared with predictions of several beta-decay models.

  15. A H-infinity Fault Detection and Diagnosis Scheme for Discrete Nonlinear System Using Output Probability Density Estimation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang Yumin; Lum, Kai-Yew [Temasek Laboratories, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117508 (Singapore); Wang Qingguo [Depa. Electrical and Computer Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117576 (Singapore)

    2009-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, a H-infinity fault detection and diagnosis (FDD) scheme for a class of discrete nonlinear system fault using output probability density estimation is presented. Unlike classical FDD problems, the measured output of the system is viewed as a stochastic process and its square root probability density function (PDF) is modeled with B-spline functions, which leads to a deterministic space-time dynamic model including nonlinearities, uncertainties. A weighting mean value is given as an integral function of the square root PDF along space direction, which leads a function only about time and can be used to construct residual signal. Thus, the classical nonlinear filter approach can be used to detect and diagnose the fault in system. A feasible detection criterion is obtained at first, and a new H-infinity adaptive fault diagnosis algorithm is further investigated to estimate the fault. Simulation example is given to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approaches.

  16. Prediction of average. beta. and. gamma. energies and probabilities of. beta. -delayed neutron emission in the region of fission products

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hirsch, M.; Staudt, A.; Klapdor-Kleingrothaus, H.V. (Max-Planck-Inst. fuer Kernphysik, Heidelberg (Germany))

    1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mean {beta} and {gamma} energies and probabilities of {beta}-delayed neutron emission (P{sub n}) in the region of fission products are calculated using a proton-neutron quasiparticle random-phase approximation nuclear model. {beta}-decay properties of these nuclides are essential input parameters for decay heat calculations for nuclear reactors. The results are compared with recent measurements. Mean energies and the P{sub n} values of {approximately}150 experimentally unknown short-lived isotopes are predicted.

  17. Note on Evaluation of AWG Port Utilization Probabilities dl(1, j), j = 1, D, D -1, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reisslein, Martin

    1 Note on Evaluation of AWG Port Utilization Probabilities dl(1, j), j = 1, D, D - 1, and dl(1, 1, D - 1 In this appendix we evaluate dl(1, j) for j = 1, D, D-1, i.e., the output port j is not a direct neighbor of sender port D, and note that the dl(1, j) are the same for these AWG ports j. We

  18. A mathematical model of probability of conception in humans, and an analysis of the rhythm technique of birth control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nordheim, Alan Walter

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) and iii) were combined to yield a model of, probability of conception per cycle given the following user related information: a) exact rhythm method formulation, if any, used; b) pattern and frequency of intercourse used; and c) the age group (or age..., and (c) the overall menstrual cycle lengths in human females. The development of a mathematical model describing the effective human sperm and ovum longevity was the second objective. The third objective was the development of a model to estimate...

  19. Three-dimensional analytic probabilities of coupled vibrational-rotational-translational energy transfer for DSMC modeling of nonequilibrium flows

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adamovich, Igor V. [Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics Laboratory, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States)] [Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics Laboratory, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States)

    2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A three-dimensional, nonperturbative, semiclassical analytic model of vibrational energy transfer in collisions between a rotating diatomic molecule and an atom, and between two rotating diatomic molecules (Forced Harmonic Oscillator朏ree Rotation model) has been extended to incorporate rotational relaxation and coupling between vibrational, translational, and rotational energy transfer. The model is based on analysis of semiclassical trajectories of rotating molecules interacting by a repulsive exponential atom-to-atom potential. The model predictions are compared with the results of three-dimensional close-coupled semiclassical trajectory calculations using the same potential energy surface. The comparison demonstrates good agreement between analytic and numerical probabilities of rotational and vibrational energy transfer processes, over a wide range of total collision energies, rotational energies, and impact parameter. The model predicts probabilities of single-quantum and multi-quantum vibrational-rotational transitions and is applicable up to very high collision energies and quantum numbers. Closed-form analytic expressions for these transition probabilities lend themselves to straightforward incorporation into DSMC nonequilibrium flow codes.

  20. Annex D-200 Area Interim Storage Area Final Safety Analysis Report [FSAR] [Section 1 & 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    CARRELL, R.D.

    2002-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The 200 Area Interim Storage Area (200 Area ISA) at the Hanford Site provides for the interim storage of non-defense reactor spent nuclear fuel (SNF) housed in aboveground dry cask storage systems. The 200 Area ISA is a relatively simple facility consisting of a boundary fence with gates, perimeter lighting, and concrete and gravel pads on which to place the dry storage casks. The fence supports safeguards and security and establishes a radiation protection buffer zone. The 200 Area ISA is nominally 200,000 ft{sup 2} and is located west of the Canister Storage Building (CSB). Interim storage at the 200 Area ISA is intended for a period of up to 40 years until the materials are shipped off-site to a disposal facility. This Final Safety Analysis Report (FSAR) does not address removal from storage or shipment from the 200 Area ISA. Three different SNF types contained in three different dry cask storage systems are to be stored at the 200 Area ISA, as follows: (1) Fast Flux Test Facility Fuel--Fifty-three interim storage casks (ISC), each holding a core component container (CCC), will be used to store the Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF) SNF currently in the 400 Area. (2) Neutron Radiography Facility (NRF) TRIGA'--One Rad-Vault' container will store two DOT-6M3 containers and six NRF TRIGA casks currently stored in the 400 Area. (3) Commercial Light Water Reactor Fuel--Six International Standards Organization (ISO) containers, each holding a NAC-I cask4 with an inner commercial light water reactor (LWR) canister, will be used for commercial LWR SNF from the 300 Area. An aboveground dry cask storage location is necessary for the spent fuel because the current storage facilities are being shut down and deactivated. The spent fuel is being transferred to interim storage because there is no permanent repository storage currently available.

  1. USACE Small Business Area of Responsibility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    ACE Page 1 USACE Small Business Area of Responsibility OFC CODE STREET CITY ST ZIP TELEPHONE D S N-761-4609 Deputy to PARCs , Office of Small Business Prog, HQ U.S. Army Corps of CESB 60 Forsyth Street RM10M15

  2. Geophysical investigations of certain Montana geothermal areas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wideman, C.J. (Montana Bureau of Mines and Geology, Butte); Dye, L.; Halvorson, J.; McRae, M.; Ruscetta, C.A.; Foley, D. (eds.)

    1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Selected hot springs areas of Montana have been investigated by a variety of geophysical techniques. Resistivity, gravity, seismic, and magnetic methods have been applied during investigations near the hot springs. Because the geology is extremely varied at the locations of the investigations, several geophysical techniques have usually been applied at each site.

  3. Central Facilities Area Sewage Lagoon Evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mark R. Cole

    2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Central Facilities Area (CFA), located in Butte County, Idaho, at the Idaho National Laboratory has an existing wastewater system to collect and treat sanitary wastewater and non-contact cooling water from the facility. The existing treatment facility consists of three cells: Cell #1 has a surface area of 1.7 acres, Cell #2 has a surface area of 10.3 acres, and Cell #3 has a surface area of 0.5 acres. If flows exceed the evaporative capacity of the cells, wastewater is discharged to a 73.5-acre land application site that uses a center-pivot irrigation sprinkler system. As flows at CFA have decreased in recent years, the amount of wastewater discharged to the land application site has decreased from 13.64 million gallons in 2004 to no discharge in 2012 and 2013. In addition to the decreasing need for land application, approximately 7.7 MG of supplemental water was added to the system in 2013 to maintain a water level and prevent the clay soil liners in the cells from drying out and 揷racking. The Idaho National Laboratory is concerned that the sewage lagoons and land application site may be oversized for current and future flows. A further concern is the sustainability of the large volumes of supplemental water that are added to the system according to current operational practices. Therefore, this study was initiated to evaluate the system capacity, operational practices, and potential improvement alternatives, as warranted.

  4. Evolution of the Size and Functional Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schoenemann, P. Thomas

    Evolution of the Size and Functional Areas of the Human Brain P. Thomas Schoenemann Department-6570/06/1021-0379$20.00 Key Words neuroanatomy, encephalization, behavior, adaptation, selection Abstract The human brain to understand basic principles of brain evolution that appear to operate across broad classes of organisms

  5. Orc Notation Structured Wide-Area Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Misra, Jayadev

    Orc Notation Structured Wide-Area Programming Jayadev Misra Department of Computer Science University of Texas at Austin http://orc.csres.utexas.edu April 12, 2010 Rennes, France #12;Orc Notation hierarchical structure. #12;Orc Notation Orc 路 Goal: Internet scripting language. 路 Next: Component integration

  6. Structured Wide-Area Programming: Orc Calculus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Misra, Jayadev

    Structured Wide-Area Programming: Orc Calculus Jayadev Misra Department of Computer Science University of Texas at Austin http://orc.csres.utexas.edu #12;Concurrency 路 ubiquitous. 路 difficult interactions. 路 Support hierarchical structure. #12;Orc 路 Initial Goal: Internet scripting language. 路 Next

  7. Determination of leakage areas in nuclear piping

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keim, E. [Siemens/KWU, Erlangen (Germany)

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For the design and operation of nuclear power plants the Leak-Before-Break (LBB) behavior of a piping component has to be shown. This means that the length of a crack resulting in a leak is smaller than the critical crack length and that the leak is safely detectable by a suitable monitoring system. The LBB-concept of Siemens/KWU is based on computer codes for the evaluation of critical crack lengths, crack openings, leakage areas and leakage rates, developed by Siemens/KWU. In the experience with the leak rate program is described while this paper deals with the computation of crack openings and leakage areas of longitudinal and circumferential cracks by means of fracture mechanics. The leakage areas are determined by the integration of the crack openings along the crack front, considering plasticity and geometrical effects. They are evaluated with respect to minimum values for the design of leak detection systems, and maximum values for controlling jet and reaction forces. By means of fracture mechanics LBB for subcritical cracks has to be shown and the calculation of leakage areas is the basis for quantitatively determining the discharge rate of leaking subcritical through-wall cracks. The analytical approach and its validation will be presented for two examples of complex structures. The first one is a pipe branch containing a circumferential crack and the second one is a pipe bend with a longitudinal crack.

  8. ARLINGTON/DEFOREST AREA CATERING INFORMATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balser, Teri C.

    ARLINGTON/DEFOREST AREA CATERING INFORMATION Rude's Family Catering DeForest, WI 608-846-5959 (Debbie) Roadside Grill DeForest, WI 608-846-1874 (Pete) Piggly Wiggly Poynette, WI 608-635-2647 (Heidi INFORMATION Holiday Inn Express 7184 Morrisonville Rd. DeForest, WI 53532 608-846-8686 toll free 800-HOLIDAY

  9. n. Area Dipartimento Proponente Titolo Finanziamento

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guidoni, Leonardo

    Breuil (Monte Circeo) e di altri siti del Lazio meridionale, quale possibile area rifugio nel Pleistocene'enteropatogeno Shigella flexneri. 5.000,00 si 13 A Dip. Biologia e biotecnologie BIAGIONI Stefano Biochemical biotecnologie CACCHIONE Stefano Functional characterization of Drosophila telomeres 5.000,00 17 A Dip. Biologia

  10. Renewal of Brooklyn's GowanusCanalArea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brookhaven National Laboratory

    Renewal of Brooklyn's GowanusCanalArea #12;#12;#12;54 TheJournalofIJrbanTechnology/Spnng1995 is active in all aspectsof the harbor sedimentwork. The Gowanus Canal project will benefit fiom this work economicallyacceptable methodsofdisposingofthesediment. unlikely that the dredged materials fiom the Gowanus Canal can

  11. ICME & MGI Big Area Additive Manufacturing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ICME & MGI Big Area Additive Manufacturing Neutron Characterization for AM Materials problems in additive manu- facturing (AM). Additive manufacturing, or three-dimensional (3-D) printing of the world's most advanced neu- tron facilities, the HFIR and SNS, to characterize additive manufactured

  12. California Energy Balance ENVIRONMENTAL AREA RESEARCH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California Energy Balance Database ENVIRONMENTAL AREA RESEARCH PIER Environmental Research www.energy.ca.gov/research/ environmental January 2012 The Issue Comprehensive and reliable energy statistics are essential for good policy analysis and for future projections of energy supply and demand. In 2005, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab

  13. 300 Area Process Trenches Closure Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luke, S.N.

    1994-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Since 1987, Westinghouse Hanford Company has been a major contractor to the US Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office and has served as co-operator of the 300 Area Process Trenches, the waste management unit addressed in this closure plan. For the purposes of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, Westinghouse Hanford Company is identified as ``co-operator.`` The 300 Area Process Trenches Closure Plan (Revision 0) consists of a Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Part A Dangerous Waste Permit Application, Form 3 and a Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Closure Plan. An explanation of the Part A Permit Application, Form 3 submitted with this document is provided at the beginning of the Part A Section. The closure plan consists of nine chapters and six appendices. The 300 Area Process Trenches received dangerous waste discharges from research and development laboratories in the 300 Area and from fuels fabrication processes. This waste consisted of state-only toxic (WT02), corrosive (D002), chromium (D007), spent halogenated solvents (F001, F002, and F003), and spent nonhalogented solvent (F005). Accurate records are unavailable concerning the amount of dangerous waste discharged to the trenches. The estimated annual quantity of waste (item IV.B) reflects the total quantity of both regulated and nonregulated waste water that was discharged to the unit.

  14. Campus Area Housing RENTAL RESOURCE GUIDE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    , faculty, staff, communi- ty members, and area property owners and management companies. For more they live, have access to the academic and personal support programs and services offered by UW owned properties that participate in PHC. PHC property owners and managers provide enhanced services

  15. Turkish Trailblazer: Boosting Rural Areas through Business

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheldon, Nathan D.

    莖kgezen Reviewed by Aline Kraemer Sector Consumer Products Enterprise Class Large Domestic Company her company and the economic and social welfare of rural areas of Turkey. To achieve success, Ms production units in impoverished parts of Turkey in six years. Hey Textile's investment has improved

  16. RESEARCH INTERESTS My research has four major areas of emphasis presently. The first area is the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chesser, Ronald Keith

    is the documentation of radiation dispersion in rural and urban areas subsequent to release from a nuclear accident to refine models for predicting fallout patterns subsequent to nuclear dispersive weapons (dirty bombs and outside of the body. Radiation dosimetry is a central tenet of my third area of research, the biological

  17. 100 Area and 300 Area Component of the RCBRA Fall 2005 Data Compilation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J.M. Queen

    2006-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this report is to provide a brief description of the sampling approaches, a description of the samples collected, and the results for the Fall 2005 sampling event. This report presents the methods and results of the work to support the 100 Area and 300 Area Component of the River Corridor Baseline Risk Assessment.

  18. Probability distributions for regional climate change from uncertain global mean warming and uncertain scaling relationship Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 11(3), 10971114, 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit茅 de

    Probability distributions for regional climate change from uncertain global mean warming of probability distributions for regional climate change from uncertain global mean warming and an uncertain/precipitation per degree global mean warming. Each scaling variable is assumed to be normally distributed

  19. The Influence of Boundary Layer Processes on the Diurnal Variation of the Climatological Near-Surface Wind Speed Probability Distribution over Land*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    He, Yanping

    diurnally varying vertical structure of the leading three climatological moments of near-surface wind speed-Surface Wind Speed Probability Distribution over Land* YANPING HE School of Earth and Ocean Sciences wind speed probability distribution is essential for surface flux estimation and wind power management

  20. Approved Module Information for AM20PD, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Probability Distributions Module Code: AM20PD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neirotti, Juan Pablo

    Code: AM20PD School: Engineering and Applied Science Module Type: Standard Module New Module? No Module? Not Specified Module Dependancies Pre-requisites: Transition Mathematics (AM10TM). Statistics and ProbabilityApproved Module Information for AM20PD, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Probability Distributions Module