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1

PJM Interconnection (Multiple States)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

PJM (originally Pennsylvania, Jersey, Maryland) Interconnection is a Regional Transmission Organization (RTO) that coordinates the movement of wholesale electricity in all or parts of Delaware,...

2

Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MISO MP MRO MWDRI M&V NYISO PJM PUC RAP RFC RTO RTP SERC AirRTOs such as New England or PJM. In 2005 MISO became theEdison is a member of PJM). Interruptible (Total = 3398, N =

Bharvirkar, Ranjit

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Commercial Building Loads Providing Ancillary Services in PJM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interop 2012. Irving, TX. PJM. 2012. Regulation Self Test~/media/markets-ops/ancillary/regd-test- wave.ashx PJM (PJM Interconnection). 2013a. PJM Manual 12: Balancing

MacDonald, Jason

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

ATP Utilization by Yeast Replication Factor C III. THE ATP-BINDING DOMAINS OF Rfc2, Rfc3, AND Rfc4 ARE ESSENTIAL FOR DNA RECOGNITION AND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ATP Utilization by Yeast Replication Factor C III. THE ATP-BINDING DOMAINS OF Rfc2, Rfc3, AND Rfc4 lysine in the Walker A motif of the ATP- binding domain encoded by the yeast RFC1, RFC2, RFC3, and RFC4 loading activity. In addition to their defects in ATP hydrolysis, these complexes were defective for DNA

Burgers, Peter M.

5

PJM Controller Testing with Prototypic PJM Nozzle Configuration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of River Protection’s Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) is being designed and built to pre-treat and then vitrify a large portion of the wastes in Hanford’s 177 underground waste storage tanks. The WTP consists of three primary facilities—pretreatment, low-activity waste (LAW) vitrification, and high-level waste (HLW) vitrification. The pretreatment facility will receive waste piped from the Hanford tank farms and separate it into a high-volume, low-activity liquid stream stripped of most solids and radionuclides and a much smaller volume of HLW slurry containing most of the solids and most of the radioactivity. Many of the vessels in the pretreatment facility will contain pulse jet mixers (PJM) that will provide some or all of the mixing in the vessels. Pulse jet mixer technology was selected for use in black cell regions of the WTP, where maintenance cannot be performed once hot testing and operations commence. The PJMs have no moving mechanical parts that require maintenance. The vessels with the most concentrated slurries will also be mixed with air spargers and/or steady jets in addition to the mixing provided by the PJMs. Pulse jet mixers are susceptible to overblows that can generate large hydrodynamic forces, forces that can damage mixing vessels or their internal parts. The probability of an overblow increases if a PJM does not fill completely. The purpose of the testing performed for this report was to determine how reliable and repeatable the primary and safety (or backup) PJM control systems are at detecting drive overblows (DOB) and charge vessel full (CVF) conditions. Testing was performed on the ABB 800xA and Triconex control systems. The controllers operated an array of four PJMs installed in an approximately 13 ft diameter × 15 ft tall tank located in the high bay of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) 336 Building test facility. The PJMs were fitted with 4 inch diameter discharge nozzles representative of the nozzles to be used in the WTP. This work supplemented earlier controller tests done on PJMs with 2 inch nozzles (Bontha et al. 2007). Those earlier tests enabled the selection of appropriate pressure transmitters with associated piping and resulted in an alternate overblow detection algorithm that uses data from pressure transmitters mounted in a water flush line on the PJM airlines. Much of that earlier work was only qualitative, however, due to a data logger equipment failure that occurred during the 2007 testing. The objectives of the current work focused on providing quantitative determinations of the ability of the BNI controllers to detect DOB and CVF conditions. On both control systems, a DOB or CVF is indicated when the values of particular internal functions, called confidence values, cross predetermined thresholds. There are two types of confidence values; one based on a transformation of jet pump pair (JPP) drive and suction pressures, the other based on the pressure in the flush line. In the present testing, we collected confidence levels output from the ABB and Triconex controllers. These data were analyzed in terms of the true and noise confidence peaks generated during multiple cycles of DOB and CVF events. The distributions of peak and noise amplitudes were compared to see if thresholds could be set that would enable the detection of DOB and CVF events at high probabilities, while keeping false detections to low probabilities. Supporting data were also collected on PJM operation, including data on PJM pressures and levels, to provide direct experimental evidence of when PJMs were filling, full, driving, or overblowing.

Bontha, Jagannadha R.; Nigl, Franz; Weier, Dennis R.; Leigh, Richard J.; Johnson, Eric D.; Wilcox, Wayne A.; Pfund, David M.; Baumann, Aaron W.; Wang, Yeefoo

2009-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

6

Response from PJM Interconnection LLC and Pepco to Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

PJM Interconnection LLC and Pepco to Department of Energy Request for Information Concerning the Potential Need for Potomac River Station Generation Response from PJM...

7

Pepco and PJM Interconnection Comments on District of Columbia...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Pepco and PJM Interconnection Comments on District of Columbia Public Service Commission, Docket No. EO-05-01 Comments and Answer to Requests for Rehearing Pepco and PJM...

8

Independent review of estimated load reductions for PJM's small customer load response pilot project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Estimated Load Reductions for PJM’s Small Customer Loadof Estimated Load Reductions for PJM’s Small Customer LoadResponse Pilot Project Prepared for PJM Interconnection, LLC

Heffner, G.; Moezzi, M.; Goldman, C.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Preliminary Response of PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. to the Operating...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

. In summary, PJM understands the difficulty facing the Department in having to balance the important conflicting interests presented here. However, PJM does not regard Option A as...

10

Answer of Potomac Electric Power Company and PJM lnterconnection...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Answer of Potomac Electric Power Company and PJM lnterconnection, L.L.C. to the October 6, 2005 motion filed by the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality Answer of Potomac...

11

Commercial Building Loads Providing Ancillary Services in PJM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Council of Texas market." Energy 35 (4): 1536-1543.in US electricity markets." Energy Policy 62: 1031-1039.regulation in PJM’s markets. Energy Impacts: Frequency and

MacDonald, Jason

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Planning for environmental constraints on the PJM system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This chapter provides a snapshot of the existing PJM system and identifies the environmental constraints that form the parameters for the regional approaches analyzed in this study. The chapter begins with a description of the PJM system and the costs and emissions levels of the pollutants under study associated with the reference case (the PJM system configured to meet only Clean Air Act Amendment Phase I SO{sub 2} requirements and the March 1994 NO{sub x} requirements affecting Phase I units){sup 3}. Next, the pollution-reduction scenario assumed for the purpose of the study, which covers the period 1995--2010, is described. Finally, the impacts of this pollution reduction scenario -- emissions that would need to be avoided on the reference case PJM system -- are identified. Modeling methods are described alongside the study`s results. Other chapters discuss: environmental constraints, alternate plans to achieve environmental goals, and comparison of alternate plans.

Not Available

1994-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

13

Response by PJM to letters from the City of Alexandria and the...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

by PJM to letters from the City of Alexandria and the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality pursuant to Order No. 202-05-03 Response by PJM to letters from the City of...

14

SPACE WEATHER AND THE INCIDENCE OF REACTIVE "OFF-COST" OPERATIONS IN THE PJM POWER GRID  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SPACE WEATHER AND THE INCIDENCE OF REACTIVE "OFF-COST" OPERATIONS IN THE PJM POWER GRID 7.6 Kevin F the price of electricity in the PJM power grid. In this paper we examine one of the mechanisms by which space weather impacts the electricity market in the PJM power grid. The starting point of this paper

Schrijver, Karel

15

PJM's Capacity Market in a Price-Spike World Steven Stoft  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PWP-077 PJM's Capacity Market in a Price-Spike World Steven Stoft May, 2000 This paper is part, California 94720-5180 www.ucei.org #12;PJM's Capacity Market in a Price-Spike World Steven Stoft 1 May 7, 2000 Abstract PJM's market was designed to rely on a capacity market instead of price-spikes to induce

California at Berkeley. University of

16

Independent review of estimated load reductions for PJM's small customer load response pilot project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

water heater (EWH) load control program operated as part of PJM Interconnection’s Demand ResponseDemand Response Economic and Emergency Load Response Programs Electric Thermal Storage Electric Water Heaterwater pumps and electric thermal storage space heaters. The CSP is also participating in PJM’s pilot Demand Response

Heffner, G.; Moezzi, M.; Goldman, C.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Abstract--This paper presents a description of a Mixed Integer Programming (MIP) solution for solving the PJM Unit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for solving the PJM Unit Commitment problem. Included is a description of the Day- ahead market clearing into production use at PJM in August, 2004 [1]. The benefits of the MIP formulation compared to the Lagrangian-mail: dan.streiffert@areva- td.com and russ.philbrick@areva-td.com) Andrew Ott is with PJM Interconnection

McCalley, James D.

18

Software agents : an application to the airline MRO industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Poor management of aircraft spare parts, human-related maintenance errors and the lack of coordinated decision-making in maintenance scheduling are some of the problems plaguing the airline MRO industry. Airlines, independent ...

Poon, Arthur Wai Keong, 1979-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

The aftermath of primary power and its implications for independent transmission in PJM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The recent decision by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission in ''Primary Power'' will have fundamental ramifications for transmission investment in the far-reaching PJM footprint. This decision, which is pending on rehearing and will likely be appealed, will determine whether transmission projects that are entitled to regulated rate recovery under the PJM tariff can only be built by incumbent transmission owners and whether new independent transmission entities are limited to building transmission projects on a ''merchant'' basis. (author)

Farrah, Elias G.; Elstein, S. Shamai

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

20

Commercial Building Loads Providing Ancillary Services in PJM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The adoption of low carbon energy technologies such as variable renewable energy and electric vehicles, coupled with the efficacy of energy efficiency to reduce traditional base load has increased the uncertainty inherent in the net load shape. Handling this variability with slower, traditional resources leads to inefficient system dispatch, and in some cases may compromise reliability. Grid operators are looking to future energy technologies, such as automated demand response (DR), to provide capacity-based reliability services as the need for these services increase. While DR resources are expected to have the flexibility characteristics operators are looking for, demonstrations are necessary to build confidence in their capabilities. Additionally, building owners are uncertain of the monetary value and operational burden of providing these services. To address this, the present study demonstrates the ability of demand response resources providing two ancillary services in the PJM territory, synchronous reserve and regulation, using an OpenADR 2.0b signaling architecture. The loads under control include HVAC and lighting at a big box retail store and variable frequency fan loads. The study examines performance characteristics of the resource: the speed of response, communications latencies in the architecture, and accuracy of response. It also examines the frequency and duration of events and the value in the marketplace which can be used to examine if the opportunity is sufficient to entice building owners to participate.

MacDonald, Jason; Kiliccote, Sila; Boch, Jim; Chen, Jonathan; Nawy, Robert

2014-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mro pjm rfc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Geometric effects modelling for the PJM interconnection system. Part 1; Earth surface potentials computation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes an ionospheric source current model and development of an earth resistivity model used to calculate geomagnetic induced currents (GIC) on the Pennsylvania-New Jersey-Maryland Interconnection (PJM). Ionospheric current is modelled as a gaussian distributed current sheet above the earth. Geological details are included by dividing the PJM service area into 11 different earth resistivity regions. The resulting earth surface potential (ESP) at each power system substation is then calculated. A companion paper describes how this ESP is applied to the power system model to calculate the geomagnetic induced current in the power system equipment and facilities.

Towle, J.N. (Diversified EM, Seattle, WA (US)); Prabhakara, F.S. (Power Technologies, Inc., Schenectady, NY (US)); Ponder, J.Z. (PJM Interconnection, Norristown, PA (US))

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

DNA structure(s) recognized and bound by large subunit of Replication Factor C (ls RFC) in Drosophila melanogaster  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of lsRFC protein purified from the maltose affinity column with protein in the crude extract . . 22 8. DNA sequence of synthetic oligonucleotides used to determine the binding affinity of Drosophila lsRFC protein . . 24 9. Relative binding affinity.... . . . . . . . . . . 15. The cutting pattern of "D" series of DNA structures by piperidine 33 after Os04/pyridine modification 34 16. Southwestern assay comparing relative binding affinity of MBP-IsRFC purified protein to DNA structures of "Y" series and "D" series...

Gaur, Lalit Kumar

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Reviewing progress in PJM's capacity market structure via the new reliability pricing model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Reliability Pricing Model introduces significant changes to the capacity market structure of PJM. The main feature of the RPM design is a downward-sloping demand curve, which replaces the highly volatile vertical demand curve. The authors review the latest RPM structure, results of the auctions, and the future course of the implementation process. (author)

Sener, Adil Caner; Kimball, Stefan

2007-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

24

The impact of FERC orders on the value of bidders in PJM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study of the responses of share prices of major bidders in the PJM auctions from the mid-1990s through 2006 finds statistically significant effects for some FERC decisions for a portfolio of bidders. In contrast to publicly stated policy objectives, the analysis shows that some FERC decisions significantly raised market expectations regarding the future profitability of bidders. (author)

Peters, Lon L.

2009-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

25

The role of the ISO in U.S. electricity markets: A review of restructuring in California and PJM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Despite their design differences, both the California and the Pennsylvania-New Jersey-Maryland (PJM) markets provide explicit roles for competition in the scheduling functions while allowing the independent system operator (ISO) to manage the spot market. Experience has shown that both can work. This article discusses the California and PJM approaches in an attempt to shed light on the controversy over the ISO`s role in pre-dispatch phases of the market. Section 1 describes the California market and Section 2 briefly review PJM. Section 3 outlines the costs and benefits associated with limiting the ISO`s role in the scheduling phases of the market. Section 4 summarizes recent experience in California and PJM and offers some conclusions.

Cameron, L. [Economics Resource Group, Boston, MA (United States)] [Economics Resource Group, Boston, MA (United States); Cramton, P. [Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States)] [Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States)

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Property:EIA/861/NercMro | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine:Plug PowerAddressDataFormat JumpNercMro Jump to: navigation,

27

Contrasts in restructuring wholesale electric markets: England/Wales, California, and the PJM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ways in which the British, the Californians, and the members of the Pennsylvania-Jersey-Maryland Pool (PJM) are restructuring their electric industries and designing markets provide fascinating political and technical contrasts with each other, particularly insofar as all three markets are roughly the same size, with energy sales of about 250--300 terawatt hours (TWh) annually. There have been significant differences in the drivers of change, objectives, and leadership, the legacies of the past, and the process of design, which are discussed in the first three sections. The fourth section describes the market designs in England and Wales, California, and the PJM, while the concluding section draws out the lessons of experience. While these lessons include specific principles regarding the objectives and structure of power exchanges, the maintenance of system stability and power transport, and the achieving of generation reliability, they also include several overarching conclusions. Perhaps chief among them, as will be clear from the discussion of the restructuring experience on both sides of the Atlantic, is that major restructurings can only be led by a public authority and will be successful in implementation only if that authority has a clear and realistic vision of where it wants to go.

Henney, A.

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Did geomagnetic activity challenge electric power reliability during solar cycle 23? Evidence from the PJM regional transmission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Did geomagnetic activity challenge electric power reliability during solar cycle 23? Evidence from through 30 April 2004. During this time period PJM coordinated the movement of wholesale electricity of challenged reliability is the incidence of out-of-economic-merit order dispatching due to adverse reactive

Schrijver, Karel

29

528 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 18, NO. 2, MAY 2003 Experience with PJM Market Operation, System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Terms--Electricity market, locational marginal pricing. I. INTRODUCTION PJM OPERATES the world's largest of locational marginal pricing (LMP). II. DAY-AHEAD ENERGY MARKET The day-ahead market provides market on the differences in Locational Marginal Prices between the transac- tion source and sink locations. Load serving

McCalley, James D.

30

A Test of Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) for Energy Storage and Frequency Regulation in the PJM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Test of Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) for Energy Storage and Frequency Regulation in the PJM System energy storage for intermittent but renewable resources such as wind and solar. The results of the study frequent dispatch. The primary revenue in both of these markets is for capacity rather than energy

Firestone, Jeremy

31

Independent review of estimated load reductions for PJM's small customer load response pilot project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study describes the results of a low-cost approach used to measure reported load reductions from a residential electric water heater (EWH) load control program operated as part of PJM Interconnection's Demand Response small customer pilot program. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) conducted this independent review of the engineering estimates for EWH load control reported by a Curtailment Service Provider (CSP) at PJM's request. LBNL employed low-cost measurement and verification (M&V) approaches that utilized existing interval metering equipment to monitor results for a series of load control tests. The CSP collected hourly load data for two substations and several hundred households over a six-week period in October and November 2003. During this time period, the CSP operated its electric water heater load control program during pre-specified test periods in the morning, afternoon and early evening. LBNL then analyzed substation and premise-level data from these tests in order to verify the diversified demand reductions claimed by the CSP for customers participating in the EWH load control program. We found that the observed load reductions for the premise-level data aggregated over all households in the two participating electric cooperatives were, respectively, 40 percent-60 percent less and 3 percent less-10 percent higher than the estimated diversified demand reduction values assumed by the CSP, depending on whether observed or normalized results are considered. We also analyzed sub-station level data and found that the observed load reductions during the test periods were significantly lower than expected, although confounding influences and operational problems signifiogram during pre-specified test periods in the morning, afternoon and early evening. LBNL then analyzed substation and premise-level data from these tests in order to verify the diversified demand reductions claimed by the CSP for customers participating in the EWH load control program. We found that the observed load reductions for the premise-level data aggregated over all households in the two participating electric cooperatives were, respectively, 40 percent-60 percent less and 3 percent less-10 percent higher than the estimated diversified demand reduction values assumed by the CSP, depending on whether observed or normalized results are considered. We also analyzed sub-station level data and found that the observed load reductions during the test periods were significantly lower than expected, although confounding influences and operational problems significantly limit our ability to differentiate between control-related and non-control related differences in substation-level load shape data. The usefulness and accuracy of the results were hampered by operational problems encountered during the measurement period as well as in sufficient number of load research grade interval meters at one cooperative. Given the larger sample size at one electric cooperative and more statistically-robust results, there is some basis to suggest that the Adjusted Diversified Demand Factor (ADDF) values used by the CSP somewhat over-state the actual load reductions. Given the results and limitations of the M&V approach as implemented, we suggest several options for PJM to consider: (1) require load aggregators participating in ISODR programs to utilize formal PURPA-compliant load research samples in their M&V plans, and (2) continue developing lower cost M&V approaches for mass market load control programs that incorporate suggested improvements described in this study.

Heffner, G.; Moezzi, M.; Goldman, C.

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Deemed Savings Estimates for Legacy Air Conditioning and WaterHeating Direct Load Control Programs in PJM Region  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During 2005 and 2006, the PJM Interconnection (PJM) Load Analysis Subcommittee (LAS) examined ways to reduce the costs and improve the effectiveness of its existing measurement and verification (M&V) protocols for Direct Load Control (DLC) programs. The current M&V protocol requires that a PURPA-compliant Load Research study be conducted every five years for each Load-Serving Entity (LSE). The current M&V protocol is expensive to implement and administer particularly for mature load control programs, some of which are marginally cost-effective. There was growing evidence that some LSEs were mothballing or dropping their DLC programs in lieu of incurring the expense associated with the M&V. This project had several objectives: (1) examine the potential for developing deemed savings estimates acceptable to PJM for legacy air conditioning and water heating DLC programs, and (2) explore the development of a collaborative, regional, consensus-based approach for conducting monitoring and verification of load reductions for emerging load management technologies for customers that do not have interval metering capability.

Goldman, Charles

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

R E l E a s E d on rfcEist but intEndEd for USE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

R E l E a s E d on rfcEist but intEndEd for USE h r 53 1926 MailEd April 28,19267 :mE YXAl i l l 1 E t through 50 pEr cEnt. of thE sunshin, SaYS Dr. A. Angstrom, w i l l stop 80 t o 90 pEr cmt. of t h E outgoing radiatioil from thE Earth. UP than t o hold day tErnpErLturEs down. Obviously

34

PJM©2012 Minimum Generation Alert PJM Actions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

– To provide alert that system conditions may require the use of emergency procedures as a result of generation exceeding demand. • Trigger – When expected generation levels approach 2,500 MW of normal generation limits.

Evaluate Schedules (including; Prior Light; Load Period

35

SAS Output  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

B. U.S. Transformer Sustained Automatic Outage Counts and Hours by Cause Code and by NERC Region, 2012 Transformer Outage Counts Sustained Outage Causes FRCC MRO NPCC RFC SERC SPP...

36

MRO/CRISM Retrieval of Surface Lambert Albedos for Multispectral Mapping of Mars with DISORT-based Rad. Transfer Modeling: Phase 1 - Using Historical Climatology for Temperatures, Aerosol Opacities, & Atmo. Pressures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the DISORT-based radiative transfer pipeline ('CRISM_LambertAlb') for atmospheric and thermal correction of MRO/CRISM data acquired in multispectral mapping mode (~200 m/pixel, 72 spectral channels). Currently, in this phase-one version of the system, we use aerosol optical depths, surface temperatures, and lower-atmospheric temperatures, all from climatology derived from Mars Global Surveyor Thermal Emission Spectrometer (MGS-TES) data, and surface altimetry derived from MGS Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA). The DISORT-based model takes as input the dust and ice aerosol optical depths (scaled to the CRISM wavelength range), the surface pressures (computed from MOLA altimetry, MGS-TES lower-atmospheric thermometry, and Viking-based pressure climatology), the surface temperatures, the reconstructed instrumental photometric angles, and the measured I/F spectrum, and then outputs a Lambertian albedo spectrum. The Lambertian albedo spectrum is valuable geologically since it allows the mineralogical ...

McGuire, P C; Smith, M D; Arvidson, R E; Murchie, S L; Clancy, R T; Roush, T L; Cull, S C; Lichtenberg, K A; Wiseman, S M; Green, R O; Martin, T Z; Milliken, R E; Cavender, P J; Humm, D C; Seelos, F P; Seelos, K D; Taylor, H W; Ehlmann, B L; Mustard, J F; Pelkey, S M; Titus, T N; Hash, C D; Malaret, E R

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

PJM Interconnection, LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth'sOklahoma/GeothermalOrange County is aOrmesa IOvonicPECO) Jump to:Norristown, PA

38

rfc:fac | NSAC Subcommittee 2012  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched5 Industrial Carbon CaptureFY08 Joint JOULECorrectiveResearch and Education9Facilities

39

rfc:fsn | NSAC Subcommittee 2012  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched5 Industrial Carbon CaptureFY08 Joint JOULECorrectiveResearch and

40

rfc:gen | NSAC Subcommittee 2012  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched5 Industrial Carbon CaptureFY08 Joint JOULECorrectiveResearch andGeneral Comments

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mro pjm rfc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

rfc:lep | NSAC Subcommittee 2012  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched5 Industrial Carbon CaptureFY08 Joint JOULECorrectiveResearch andGeneral CommentsLow

42

rfc:mep | NSAC Subcommittee 2012  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched5 Industrial Carbon CaptureFY08 Joint JOULECorrectiveResearch andGeneral

43

rfc:rhi | NSAC Subcommittee 2012  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched5 Industrial Carbon CaptureFY08 Joint JOULECorrectiveResearch andGeneralRelativistic

44

rfc:the | NSAC Subcommittee 2012  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched5 Industrial Carbon CaptureFY08 Joint JOULECorrectiveResearch

45

nsac-2012-rfc | NSAC Subcommittee 2012  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered energy consumption byAbout SRNLBuildings andExternal LinksBG/QEmissions

46

NSAC-2012-RFC | NSAC Subcommittee 2012  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the Contributions andData andFleet Test andFieldSubscribe

47

TRANSPORT OF WASTE SIMULANTS IN PJM VENT LINES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The experimental work was conducted to determine whether there is a potential for waste simulant to transport or 'creep' up the air link line and contaminate the pulse jet vent system, and possibly cause long term restriction of the air link line. Additionally, if simulant creep occurred, establish operating parameters for washing down the line. The amount of the addition of flush fluids and mixer downtime must be quantified.

Qureshi, Z

2007-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

48

Lessons from a Comparative Analysis of California and PJM Electricity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.4 Market Performance Before the State's Crisis:1998-1999......................11 2.4.1 Wholesale Market.1.1 High Wholesale Prices.................................................................15 3..................................................................................16 3.2.1 Mismatch: Wholesale and Retail Electricity Prices.....................17 3.2.2 Lack

Delaware, University of

49

PJM Interconnection, LLC Smart Grid Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Powerstories onFocusOski Energy LLC Place: Reno,PEPCO Energy ServicesProject

50

Pepco and PJM Interconnection Comments on District of Columbia Public  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNG |September 15, 2010Energy6 Frontera STAT.Paul L. JoskowDepartmentService

51

PJM Presentation - The Silver Bullet: Storage! (July 12, 2011) | Department  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L d F SSales LLCDieselEnergyHistory andPEMFCPHYSICALLeakageof

52

Property:EIA/861/RtoPjm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyoCoolingTowerWaterUseSummerConsumed JumpMoverNercErcot Jump to:NercSpp

53

BBF RFC 21: BglBricks Assembly Standard  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The BglBricks standard has been developed as an alternative to the original XbaI/SpeI standard primarily to provide a solution to the issue of generating translational-fusion parts. When joined together in a standard ...

Anderson, J Christopher

2009-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

54

BBF RFC 106: A Standard Type IIS Syntax for Plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Here we define a standard syntax for assembling standard parts for expression in plant cells, extensible to all other eukaryotes. Variations of the Type IIS mediated cloning method known as Golden Gate Cloning, most notably ...

Rutten, Virginia

2015-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

55

Property:EIA/861/NercRfc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyoCoolingTowerWaterUseSummerConsumed JumpMoverNercErcot Jump to:

56

RFC Sand Creek Development LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to: navigation, search RAPIDColoradosource History View New PagesElectron srlRF Micro

57

Estructura y funciones de un operador independiente  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.......................................................................................................................................20 3.3 CASO PJM

Rudnick, Hugh

58

Workshop in Regulation &  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Consultant, PJM Interconnection, "RPM: Reliability Pricing Model: A New Proposal from PJM" Mark Babula

Lin, Xiaodong

59

Geomagnetic effects modelling for the PJM interconnection system. Part 2; Geomagnetically induced current study results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development of a computer program for calculation of geomagnetically induced current (GIC) and a GIC power system model for the Pennsylvania-New Jersey-Maryland Interconnection is described in this paper. Results of GIC for three different ionospheric source configurations are shown. A new method is presented for estimating GIC in unmetered parts of the system based on a few measurements and precalculated geomagnetic disturbance conditions. The use of an interactive, menu driven GIC program to study mitigation concepts including the effects of line outages, line series capacitors, transformer neutral blocking resistors and transformer neutral blocking capacitors is also presented.

Prabhakara, F.S.; Hannett, L.N.; Ringlee, R.J. (Power Technologies, Inc., Schenectady, NY (United States)); Ponder, J.Z. (PJM Interconnection, Norristown, PA (US))

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Using restructured electricity markets in the hydrogen transition: The PJM case  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We examine a hydrogen transition strategy of using excess electric generation capacity in the U.S. midatlantic states during off-peak hours to produce hydrogen via electrolysis. Four different generation technologies are evaluated: combined-cycle natural gas, nuclear power, clean coal, and pulverized coal. We construct hydrogen-electricity price curves for each technology and evaluate the resulting air emissions of key pollutants. Substantial capital investments may be avoided by leveraging off generation assets that would otherwise be built to produce electricity. We also account for the interaction between the production of hydrogen and wholesale electricity prices and demand. Results show that off-peak electrolysis is a plausible but not dominant strategy for hydrogen production; however, there may be a substantial real option value in using the electric power system to transition to a hydrogen economy that may exceed the direct cost savings of producing hydrogen by less expensive methods.

Felder, F.A.; Hajos, A. [Rutgers State University, New Brunswick, NJ (United States)

2006-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mro pjm rfc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Joint Maintenance Status Report of Potomac Electric Power Company amd PJM  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomentheATLANTA,Fermi NationalBusinessDepartmentatJeffRoundtables |Point #2

62

Preliminary Response of PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. to the Operating Plan  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNG |September 15,2015 | Department of Energy University of California -Inc.of

63

Response by PJM to letters from the City of Alexandria and the Virginia  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNG |September 15,2015Department ofRequirementsEnergyJ u l y 8 , 2009 Mr.

64

Response from PJM Interconnection LLC and Pepco to Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNG |September 15,2015Department ofRequirementsEnergyJ u l y 8 , 2009Request for

65

Where has Electricity Demand Growth Gon in PJM and What are the Implications?  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S. NaturalA. Michael SchaalNovember1. Foreign salesWestern Hemisphere4 Paul M.

66

Answer of Potomac Electric Power Company and PJM lnterconnection, L.L.C. to  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustionImprovement3--Logistical Challenges to Smart GridofAnnual Peer Review Meetinglimits

67

Motion to Intervene and Initial Comments of PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Careerlumens_placard-green.eps MoreWSRC-STI-2007-00250 Rev. 05DepartmentOpen-Access

68

RFC 775 Directory oriented FTP commands Page 1 DIRECTORY ORIENTED FTP COMMANDS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BBN has installed and maintains the software of several DEC PDP-11s running the Unix operating system. Since Unix has a treelike directory structure, in which directories are as easy to manipulate as ordinary files, we have found it convenient to expand the FTP servers on these machines to include commands which deal with the creation of directories. Since there are other hosts on the ARPA net which have tree-like directories, including Tops-20 and Multics, we have tried to make these commands as general as possible. We have added four commands to our server: XMKD child XRMD child XPWD XCUP Make a directory with the name "child".

David Mankins; Dan Franklin; A. D. Owen

69

2010 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MWh NERC NREL NYISO OEM O&M PJM POU PPA PTC PUC REC RFI RPSoperations and maintenance PJM Interconnection publiclyMidwest, Mountain, Texas, PJM Interconnection, Northwest,

Wiser, Ryan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Developing State and National Evaluation Infrastructures- Guidance for the Challenges and Opportunities of EM&V  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

rtfAdmin@nwcouncil.org PJM Forward Market Operations 2010. "PJM Manual 18B: Energy Efficiency Measurement &such as ISO New England and PJM Regional Transmission

Schiller, Steven R.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings in the U.S.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

York (several hubs), Ontario, PJM, MISO, ERCOT South, Intocontract delivering into the PJM Western hub. Assuming thatpeak real-time prices posted by PJM Interconnection, LLC, on

Jaffee, Dwight; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

2009 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Midwest, Mountain, Texas, PJM, SPP, and Northwest regions.the The queues surveyed include PJM Interconnection, MidwestMidwest, Mountain, Texas, PJM, SPP, and Northwest regions:

Wiser, Ryan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

National Energy Efficiency Evaluation, Measurement and Verification (EM&V) Standard: Scoping Study of Issues and Implementation Requirements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

rebatesincentives/ief/ PJM Forward Market Operations 2010. "PJM Manual 18B: Energy Efficiency Measurement &Independent System Operator 13 and PJM Regional Transmission

Schiller, Steven R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Analysis of Wind Power and Load Data at Multiple Time Scales  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

29   Appendix A. PJM Windat Multiple Time Scales Appendix A. PJM Wind Data The windpower data for the PJM control area cover the period January

Coughlin, Katie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings in the U.S.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

York (several hubs), Ontario, PJM, MISO, ERCOT South, Intocontract delivering into the PJM Western hub. Assuming thatpeak real-time prices posted by PJM Interconnection, LLC, on

Jaffee, Dwight M.; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Flexible Transmission in the Smart Grid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2004) Entrepreneur, “PJM scheduling software saves customersHerling, S. R. , VP-Planning, PJM, Norristown, PA, privateimplementations in the PJM markets,” HEPG Forty-Ninth

Hedman, Kory Walter

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

F. Gavarini "Quantization of Poisson groups"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­266, http://pjm.berkeley.edu/pjm/1998/186-2/pjm-v186-n2-p02-p.pdf INTRODUCTION "Dualitas dualitatum et omnia

Gavarini, Fabio

78

2011 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MWh NERC NREL NYISO OEM O&M PJM POU PPA PTC PUC REC RFI RPSoperations and maintenance PJM Interconnection publiclyis planned for the Midwest, PJM Interconnection, Texas,

Bolinger, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Demand Response in U.S. Electricity Markets: Empirical Evidence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

22, 2009. Norristown, PA: PJM Interconnection, LLC, 2009.opennat.asp? fileID=11833372 PJM Interconnection, LLC.ISO New England (ISO-NE), and PJM Interconnection (PJM). The

Cappers, Peter

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

The Treatment of Renewable Energy Certificates, Emissions Allowances, and Green Power Programs in State Renewables Portfolio Standards  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

systems (NEPOOL GIS and PJM-EIS GATS) and three statein New England and the PJM region (see below for discussionmanual manual NEPOOL GIS PJM-EIS GATS PJM-EIS GATS manual

Holt, Edward A.; Wiser, Ryan H.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mro pjm rfc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Recommended Entry Requirements for the International Foundation Year  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Secondary Education Certificate) ­ 80% \\\\soton.ac.uk\\home\\windows\\pjm\\mydocuments\\pjm\\LASS IFY to study Law. \\\\soton.ac.uk\\home\\windows\\pjm\\mydocuments\\pjm\\LASS IFY\\ADMIN\\APPLICATIONS ADMISSIONS

Anderson, Jim

82

The evolution of postpollination reproductive isolation in Costus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evol Biol 18:568 Maas PJM (1972) Costoideae (Zingiberaceae).New York, USA Maas PJM (1977) Renealmia (Zingiberaceae-

Yost, Jenn M.; Kay, Kathleen M.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Abstract--It is impractical to analyze all of the possible contingencies in a large-scale interconnected power network.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University. He joined PJM Interconnection as a transmission planning engineer recently. (e-mail: chenq@pjm

McCalley, James D.

84

Formalisms for Describing Dissipation P. J. Morrison  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Metriplectic Dynamics · incomplete (Brockett, Vallis et al. (1989)) · complete (PJM, Kaufman, Grmela (1985 Integral Transform (PJM, Pfirsch,

Morrison, Philip J.,

85

Wealth Transfers Among Large Customers from Implementing Real-Time Retail Electricity Pricing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Available at http://www.ucei.org. PJM Interconnection Marketmarket-monitor/downloads/mmu- reports/pjm-som-2004.pdf.

Borenstein, Severin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

If I have seen further it is by standing on the shoulders of Giants. 150KB RFC 1855  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Networking Service 2010 6 6 53 #12;3 SNS 7 3.4 3.4.1 fishing phishing8 Web Web Web Web ID 2 · URL · SSL Yahoo! Web ID Yahoo! Web SSL SSL SSL ID Web 1 7 8 1950 phone freak phreaking phishing 54 #12;3.4. · · · Web

Kasahara, Hironori

87

Addressing Energy Demand through Demand Response: International Experiences and Practices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New England 13 and the PJM Interconnection 14 . According toGW. The current size of the PJM system is approximately 165markets, most notably in the PJM Interconnection and ISO-New

Shen, Bo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

2008 WIND TECHNOLOGIES MARKET REPORT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Midwest, Texas, Southwest, and PJM regions: wind in the52 GW), SPP (48 GW), and PJM (43 GW) account for over 70% ofThe queues surveyed include PJM Interconnection, Midwest

Bolinger, Mark

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Demand Response Valuation Frameworks Paper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

12: Market Impacts of Price Responsive Load in PJM and ISO-44 Figure 15: PJM Synchronized Reserve Scheduled MW:particularly those in PJM’s service territory, have begun

Heffner, Grayson

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Who Owns Renewable Energy Certificates? An Exploration of Policy Options and Practice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GATS) being developed by PJM-Environmental InformationQFs by the utilities at the PJM billing rate (the marginalwas still under development by PJM (the BPU has subsequently

Holt, Edward A.; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

REGULATION AND SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCE: EFFECTS ON THE SITING OF CALIFORNIA ELECTRICAL ENERGY FACILITIES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

calculated by a special PJM algorithm based on the MAJORYork State Power Pool (1966) 4. PJM Pennsylvania-New Jersey-familiar with NEPEX and PJM. Kaprielian Interview. Perry, p.

Kooser, J.C.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

The Role of Demand Response in Default Service Pricing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

every five minutes. The hourly PJM real time market price iscomposite five-minute prices. PJM also administers a day-and Pennsylvania use the PJM real-time market as the basis

Barbose, Galen; Goldman, Charles; Neenan, Bernie

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Mass Market Demand Response and Variable Generation Integration Issues: A Scoping Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysis. Presentation given to PJM Interconnection Markete.g. , ISO-NE, NYISO, PJM, MISO, ERCOT, and CAISO). Co-also elect to participate in PJM’s day-ahead and/or real-

Cappers, Peter

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Mapping radii of metric spaces # George M. Bergman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to subscribers at http://pjm.math.berkeley.edu/pjm/2008/236­2/pjm­v236­n2­p02­s.pdf . Dedicated to the memory

Bergman, George Mark

95

Measuring Short-term Air Conditioner Demand Reductions for Operations and Settlement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

017F.PDF KEMA, Inc. 2011. PJM Empirical Analysis of DemandMethods. Prepared for the PJM Markets Implementation~/media/markets-ops/dsr/pjm-analysis-of-dr-baseline-methods-

Bode, Josh

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Field Testing of Automated Demand Response for Integration of Renewable Resources in California's Ancillary Services Market for Regulation Products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the Market Report: New York ISO. 2010. PJM, State of theMarket Report for PJM: Ancillary Service Markets. 2010Maryland Interconnection (PJM) and Midwest ISO (MISO) all

Kiliccote, Sila

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Economic Consequences of Alternative Solution Methods for Centralized Unit Commitment in Day-Ahead Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

have led several ISOs, such as PJM, to implement MIP-basedsolution found is optimal. PJM, for instance, allows its MIPbe employed. Nonetheless, PJM currently relies on B&B, and

Sioshansi, Ramteen; O'Neill, Richard; Oren, Shmuel S

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Real-time high-resolution X-ray imaging and nuclear magnetic resonance study of the hydration of pure and Na-doped C3A in the presence of sulfates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1992. 9. Mehta PK, Monteiro PJM. Concrete - Microstructure,Emwas c , J. L. Provis d and P.J.M. Monteiro e a Department16. Silva DA, Monteiro PJM. Early Formation of Ettringite in

Kirchheim,, A. P.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

The Summer of 2006: A Milestone in the Ongoing Maturation of Demand Response  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Response – What’s Happening in PJM? Demand Response: CaseEdison (ConEd) Mid-Atlantic • PJM Interconnection • PEPCOERCOT, ISO-NE, NYISO and PJM—offered a range of economic and

Hopper, Nicole; Goldman, Charles; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Engel, Dan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Mapping radii of metric spaces George M. Bergman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to subscribers at http://pjm.math.berkeley.edu/pjm/2008/236-2/pjm-v236-n2-p02-s.pdf . Dedicated to the memory

Bergman, George Mark

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mro pjm rfc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

What China Can Learn from International Experiences in Developing a Demand Response Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be able to be met). In PJM, the largest regional wholesalewhen called upon to do so. (e.g. PJM ELRP, IMO WA) Ancillarymarket energy price. (e.g. PJM SRM, UK STOR) Source: DOE (

Shen, Bo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Switchable cell trapping using superparamagnetic beads  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

exchange constant, A = 13 pJm , saturation magnetization M sCMW, where A was increased to 39 pJm in the finely meshedregion (A = 390 pJm elsewhere). Lower A in CMW resulted in a

Bryan, M. T.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Localized Plasticity in the Streamlined Genomes of Vinyl Chloride Respiring Dehalococcoides  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conceived and designed the experiments: PJM SFB FEL AMS.Performed the experiments: PJM SFB KMR.Analyzed the data: PJM SFB JAM JG KMR RW EG AL SH FEL AMS.

McMurdie, Paul J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Renewable Portfolio Standards in the United States - A Status Report with Data Through 2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LSE MISO M-RETS MSW MW MWh PJM POU PRC PSC PUC PV REC RPSelectric service provider PJM Generation Attributes Trackingwaste megawatt megawatt-hour PJM Interconnection publicly

Wiser, Ryan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

F. Gavarini "Quantization of Poisson groups"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­266, http://pjm.berkeley.edu/pjm/1998/186-2/pjm-v186-n2-p02-p.pdf ABSTRACT Let G be a connected simply

Gavarini, Fabio

106

The Role of Demand Response in Default Service Pricing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Pennsylvania use the PJM real-time spot market price tosince the hourly real-time PJM prices are not known untilfive minutes. The hourly PJM price is a weighted average of

Barbose, Galen; Goldman, Chuck; Neenan, Bernie

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Operations, Brendan Kirby, ORNL/TM-2006-512, July. PJM 2005.Whitepaper on PJM Forward Energy Reserve: A Centralized CallManager, Retail Markets, PJM Interconnection LLC, January

Heffner, Grayson

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Computational Needs for the Next Generation Electric Grid Proceedings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ott, “Unit commitment in PJM”, Technical Conference on Unit The long? term planning at PJM and MISO in terms of wind as two  exceptions.  In the Midwest, PJM and MISO, and in 

Birman, Kenneth

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Coordination of Energy Efficiency and Demand Response  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

commitment. In May 2009, PJM announced results of itsin this auction, with PJM accepting 569 MW of efficiencyseparately to ISO-NE and PJM. The ISO/RTO program rules do

Goldman, Charles

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Killing Two Birds with One Stone: Can Real-Time Pricing Support Retail Competition and Demand Response?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

other states are indexed to the PJM real-time energy market.Pricing New Jersey Maryland PJM region* NYISO region ISO-NEpenetration data for the PJM region as a whole in addition

Barbose, Galen; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Goldman, Charles; Hopper, Nicole; Neenan, Bernie

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Estimating Demand Response Load Impacts: Evaluation of Baseline Load Models for Non-Residential Buildings in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LBNL  Report  Number 58178.   [PJM 2007] Amended and Operating Agreement of PJM Interconnection LLC,  effective U.S.  ISO/RTOs (e.g. , NYISO, PJM, ISO?NE) in their DR 

Coughlin, Katie; Piette, Mary Ann; Goldman, Charles; Kiliccote, Sila

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Customer Risk from Real-Time Retail Electricity Pricing: Bill Volatility and Hedgability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Orlando, FL: Dryden Press, 1988. PJM Interconnection Marketmonitor/downloads/mmu- reports/pjm-som-2004.pdf. FIGURE 1:gures are taken from the PJM (2005), pages 82-83. California

Borenstein, Severin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Electricity Merger Policy in the Shadow of Regulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pennsylvania-New Jersey-Maryland (PJM) electricity wholesalehour of the next day. The PJM also solicits real-time bidseffects of a merger in the PJM region should consider price

Gilbert, Richard J; Newberry, David M

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

The Treatment of Renewable Energy Certificates, Emissions Allowances, and Green Power Programs in State Renewables Portfolio Standards  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

systems (NEPOOL GIS and PJM-EIS GATS) and three stateCurrently Used manual manual manual NEPOOL GIS PJM-EIS GATSPJM-EIS GATS manual manual NEPOOL GIS PJM-EIS GATS NEPOOL

Holt, Edward A.; Wiser, Ryan H.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Re: Potomac River Generating Station Department of Energy Case...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Per your request, Potomac Electric Power Company ("Pepco"), on behalf of itself and PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. ("PJM"), is providing you with information regarding the...

116

Analytical Frameworks to Incorporate Demand Response in Long-term Resource Planning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in competitive wholesale capacity markets. In PJM,cleared the forward capacity market auctions in excess ofquantities in the PJM capacity market and it will likely

Satchwell, Andrew

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Lifetime and hyper ne structure of the 3 D 2 state of radium Jacek Biero n, 1, 4 Charlotte Froese Fischer, 2 Stephan Fritzsche, 3 and Krzysztof Pachucki 4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for a particular atomic state ( PJM) = NCF X r c r #8;( r PJM) (1) is obtained as the self-consistent solution

Pachucki, Krzysztof

118

Microsoft Word - 052606 Final Pepco DOE maintenance notice.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Per your request, Potomac Electric Power Company ("Pepco"), on behalf of itself and PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. ("PJM"), is providing you with information regarding the...

119

[MRO] First Observation of CP Violation in the Decays of B[superscript 0 over s] Mesons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using pp collision data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.0??fb[superscript -1] and collected by LHCb in 2011 at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV, we report the measurement of direct CP violation in Bs0?K[superscript ...

Williams, Michael

120

Toward a Systematic Framework for Deploying Synchrophasors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Entergy), Jim Gronquist (BPA), Paul Myrda (EPRI), Antony Johnson (SCE), Mahendra Patel (PJM), Innocent

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mro pjm rfc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Parallel Animated Image File Generation Nishad Patel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, frame) · getPixelDataSegmentParameters() · readSegment() #12;Hypotheses · Serial PJM processing times vs. Parallel PJM processing times ­ Parallel PJM should be quicker · Post-processing times vs. In-situ processing times ­ In-situ processing should be quicker · PJM processing times vs. processing times for other

Kaminsky, Alan

122

MA4F2 Braid Groups 20042005 Errata and hints and more examples  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) by pij pjm p-1 ij = aij (aij pjm a-1 ij ) a-1 ij = aij pim a-1 ij = p-1 im pjm pim and (3) by pij pim p-1 ij = aij (aij pim a-1 ij ) a-1 ij = aij (p-1 im pjm pim) a-1 ij = (aij pim a-1 ij )-1 (aij pjm a-1 ij )(aij pim a-1 ij ) = (p-1 im p-1 jm pim)(pim)(p-1 im pjm pim) = p-1 im p-1 jm pim pjm pim

Krammer, Daan

123

EECS 122, Lecture 2EECS 122, Lecture 2 kfall@cs.berkeley.edu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ARPANet Ref. ModelRef. Model ·· See RFC 871 by M.See RFC 871 by M. PadlipskyPadlipsky,, AA Perspective

Fall, Kevin R.

124

Re: Potomac River Generating Station Department of Energy Case...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Order No. 202-05-03: Potomac Electric Power Company ("Pepco"), on behalf of itself and PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. ("PJM"), is providing you with information regarding the...

125

Real Time Pricing as a Default or Optional Service for C&I Customers: A Comparative Analysis of Eight Case Studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Load Response Program – Real Time Option is a unique examplePJM Economic LRP – Real Time Option, PJM Emergency LRPPJM Economic LRP – Real Time Option PowerShare – QuoteOption

Barbose, Galen; Goldman, Charles; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Hopper, Nicole; Ting, Michael; Neenan, Bernie

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

DMAC 48 SHORTENED MINUTES 1 out of 8 pages  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Meeting Room. Present: AOT (Chair), MRC, CRMG, PDN, KAQOR, JMS. In attendance: PJM (Secretary). 1 this review. Action: PJM [Secretary's Note following DMAC 47: Action completed.] DMAC 48: AOT confirmed

Paxton, Anthony T.

127

Drawing Graphs in Euler Diagrams Paul Mutton1, Peter Rodgers1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Laboratory, University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent, CT2 7NF, UK {pjm2, P.J.Rodgers}@kent.ac.uk http://www.cs.kent.ac.uk/people/rpg/pjm

Kent, University of

128

Analysis of Edge Schema Contained in jdbc:microsoft:sqlserver://db-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.doc.ic.ac.uk;databaseName=dblp XMLtoEdgeSchema program, Peter Mc.Brien pjm@doc.ic.ac.uk http://www.doc.ic.ac.uk/ pjm May 16, 2003 1 #12

McBrien, Peter

129

De ning Peer-to-Peer Data Integration using Both as View Rules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Poulovassilis 2 1 Dept. of Computing, Imperial College London, pjm@doc.ic.ac.uk 2 School of Computer Science

McBrien, Peter

130

Defining Peer-to-Peer Data Integration using Both as View Rules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Poulovassilis2 1 Dept. of Computing, Imperial College London, pjm@doc.ic.ac.uk 2 School of Computer Science

McBrien, Peter

131

The AutoMed Schema Integration Repository Michael Boyd, Peter M c . Brien and Nerissa Tong  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The AutoMed Schema Integration Repository Michael Boyd, Peter M c . Brien and Nerissa Tong {mboyd,pjm

McBrien, Peter

132

Generating and Optimising Views from Both as View Data Integration Rules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Imperial College, {nnyt98,pjm}@doc.ic.ac.uk Abstract. This paper describes the generation and logical

McBrien, Peter

133

Comparing and Transforming Between Data Models via an Intermediate Hypergraph Data Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Imperial College, London SW7 2AZ, pjm@doc.ic.ac.uk Abstract. Data integration is frequently performed

McBrien, Peter

134

Inter Model Data Integration in a P2P Environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Brien Department of Computing, Imperial College London 180 Queens Gate, London SW7 2AZ {dmle,acs203,pjm

McBrien, Peter

135

A Semantic Approach to Integrating XML and Structured Data Sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Alexandra Poulovassilis 2 1 Dept. of Computing, Imperial College, 180 Queen's Gate, London SW7 2BZ, pjm

McBrien, Peter

136

Multi-settlement Systems for Electricity Markets: Zonal Aggregation under Network Uncertainty and Market Power1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such as the United Kingdom, Scandinavia, California, and PJM, have led to several reassessment and reforms of various

137

center for carbon-free power integration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

into PJM grid via AGD's HVDC offshore transmission line (2011-2014); · Improving the Mapping and Prediction

Firestone, Jeremy

138

[MRO] Search for resonant diboson production in the WW/WZ???jj decay channels with the ATLAS detector at ?s=7??TeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A search for resonant diboson production using a data sample corresponding to 4.7??fb[superscript -1] of integrated luminosity collected by the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider in pp collisions at ?s=7??TeV ...

Taylor, Frank E.

139

Energy Efficiency and Commercial-Mortgage Valuation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Verde Jun/08 Dec/08 Into Entergy Mid?Col PJM West Sep/08South Path 15 Aug/10 Apr/12 Jul/12 Into Entergy Mid?Col PJM West May/10 Into Entergy Mid?Col PJM West Figure 4: Cross-

Jaffee, Dwight; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

This is the final preprint version of a paper which appeared at Pacific J. Math., 236 (2008) 223-261. The published version is accessibl*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

., 236 (2008) 223-261. The published version is accessibl* *e to subscribers at http://pjm.math.berkeley.edu/pjm/2008/236-2/pjm-v236-n2-p02-* *s.pdf . Mapping radii of metric spaces

Bergman, George Mark

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mro pjm rfc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Mitigating Market Power in Deregulated Electricity Markets Seth Blumsack1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in California, PJM, and New York finds that all three of these markets are far less competitive than their HHIs, and Perekhodtsev (2002) and Blumsack and Lave (2004). California, PJM, and New York are shown to have market will work best in different systems. 2. Structure of the California, PJM, and New York Electricity Markets

Blumsack, Seth

142

For more information, please contact Prof. David Dietz at ddietzz@stevens.edu or 201-216-5450  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 1:30 pm PJM INTERCONNECTION: SUSTAINABLE SOLUTIONS TO DELIVERING ELECTRICAL POWER TO OUR REGION on the efficient and reliable supply of electrical power by PJM Interconnection, a regulated public interest company. PJM manages our power grid which is the oldest grid in our nation and started in New Jersey

Fisher, Frank

143

16/sept/2001 1 Alternativas al Pago por Capacidad  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Alternativa 2: PJM en Chile Carlos Altimiras - Francisco Moyano 16/sept/2001 2 JustificaciĂłn Conceptual del La realizaciĂłn de una simulaciĂłn #12;6 16/sept/2001 11 Alternativa 2: PJM en Chile n Modelo capacidad, reconciliaciĂłn. n PJM Open Access Transmission Tariff n Costos de despacho, control (reactivo

Rudnick, Hugh

144

Physics Department Welcome Week 24 -28 September 2012 Note: Provisional Programme Times and Rooms may change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3rd years ­ Course registration MFLEC T231 PJM, JTN Programme Director 15:45 3rd years ­ Feedback session 2nd years ­ Course registration MFLEC T231 PJM, JTN Programme Director Second Year Tutors 17125 PJM,JTN AJC, TS New PhD and MSc Postgraduate Induction Monday 24 September 18

Sheldon, Nathan D.

145

October 27, 2008 1 Abstract--The use of Mixed Integer Programming (MIP) within  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of MIP within the electric industry is growing. Recently, PJM switched from a Lagrangian Relaxation (LR look- ahead [5]. These changes are estimated to save PJM over 150 million dollars per year [4], [5]. Published in 2005, [9] discusses the tradeoffs between LR and MIP for PJM and a recent presentation, [10

Oren, Shmuel S.

146

Utilities Policy 11 (2003) 7586 www.socscinet.com/bam/jup  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­NewJersey­Maryland (PJM) are doing fine. This paper assesses the mark of efficiency reached by the electricity markets in California, New York, and PJM. It also compares the degree of efficiency across markets (forward vs. real time) and across time. No significant differences between the California and PJM electricity markets

Marathe, Achla

147

A Cournot-Nash Equilibrium Analysis of the New Jersey Electricity Market  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

market, rather than the broader PJM market. Limitations on transmission capacity, both outside of and within the PJM control area, imply that New Jersey may at times constitute a market that is geographically distinct from the rest of the PJM pool. One of the purposes of this study is to assess both

California at Berkeley. University of

148

Energy Efficiency and Commercial-Mortgage Valuation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

R 2 N = 1,390 Palo Verde Hub PJM Western South Path 15 NorthHub North Path 15 Palo Verde PJM Western South Path 15 ? e ?Dec/08 Into Entergy Mid?Col PJM West Sep/08 Jan/10 May/10

Jaffee, Dwight; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

EECS 122, Lecture 2EECS 122, Lecture 2 Kevin FallKevin Fall  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reference Model 4 TheThe ARPANetARPANet Ref. ModelRef. Model ··See RFC 871 by M.See RFC 871 by M. Padlipsky

Fall, Kevin R.

150

Documentation of BioBrick parts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Purpose of this RFC is to improve the information supplied by BioBrick part vendors. Reason to have this RFC is that there would be much more information available which can help improve the search time of the user. ...

Slomp, Arend

2010-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

151

ATP Utilization by Yeast Replication Factor C II. MULTIPLE STEPWISE ATP BINDING EVENTS ARE REQUIRED TO LOAD PROLIFERATING CELL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ATP Utilization by Yeast Replication Factor C II. MULTIPLE STEPWISE ATP BINDING EVENTS ARE REQUIRED of adenosine (3-thiotriphosphate) (ATP S), a nonhydrolyzable analog of ATP, to replication factor C with a N-terminal truncation ( 2­273) of the Rfc1 sub- unit (RFC) was studied by filter binding. RFC alone bound 1.8 ATP

Burgers, Peter M.

152

Reactive and voltage monitoring: The challenge for the system operators in the 1980's  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In order to gain perspective on the monitoring program for PJM, background relative to the physical characteristics and operating philosophy of the pool is offered. PJM is comprised of 11 electric utilities serving approximately 48,700 square miles, encompassing about 75% of Penna, 97% of N.J., all of Del and the District of Columbia, 60% of Md, and 1% of Va. The generating capability is comprised of 532 units at 116 generating stations, and totals approximately 45,000 MW. The PJM system peak load for 1980 was 34,420 MW. PJM has 27 tie lines with its neighboring systems. Although comprised of 11 utilities, the PJM system is operated as if it were a single company. Reasons for the PJM real-time monitoring system are presented and relevant details are discussed. Topics considered include operating criteria. Reactive and Voltage Monitoring, Current Operating Restrictions off-line analysis, and future requirements are discussed.

Willson, J.D.

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Adams, JM (Dr) TUTORIAL (YEAR 2) -UG  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(YEA JMA 48 AZ 04 TUTX-PH00-GM1 Sem1: 01-06,08-14 SGT-Grp A1 TUTORIAL (YEAR 3) - UG SP, AL, JLK, PJM BB 03 Sem1: 09,11,13 UCAS JSA, JA, DB, WNC, AD, OH, JLK, PJM, BNM, PHR, RPS, PDS, JAT, PMW, AL, SP LTL EXAMPHY1022mm Sem1: 07, 15 Test TUTORIAL (YEAR 3) SP, AL, JLK, PJM, BNM, JM Room to be advised

Stevenson, Paul

154

Why Reliability Options Are the Answer in New England  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In its market's current failed state, PJM sees evidence that electricity markets do not work. But that's the wrong conclusion. Price signals do work and generators predictably respond to price signals whether they are good price signals or bad price signals. Bad price signals caused New England's and PJM's problems. Here is why good price signals based on the RO approach and competitive markets will now solve New England's problems - and why PJM's RPM is not the answer. (author)

Bidwell, Miles

2006-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

155

FtsEX is required for CwlO peptidoglycan hydrolase activity during cell wall elongation in Bacillus subtilis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Rudner SUPPLEMENTAL MATERIAL SUPPLEMENTAL EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURES Plasmid construction pJM026 [ycg primers oJM93 and oJM99 from PY79 genomic DNA) and pER065 [ycgO::Pspank (erm)]. pJM030 [sacRI-HindIII Pveg PCR product (amplified with oligonucleotide primers oJM73 and oJM74 and PY79 genomic DNA). pJM031

Rudner, David

156

Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reactive power), about two percent of PJM’s total market turnover and costing $1.17 per MWH of electricity

Heffner, Grayson

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

E-Print Network 3.0 - adenosine receptor ligands Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ligand recognition in the human a(2a) adenosine receptor. J Biol Chem 1995... , Vangalen PJM, Jacobson KA. Molecular ... Source: Abagyan, Ruben - School of Pharmacy and...

158

Re: Potomac River Generating Station Department of Energy, Case...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

on January 31 Order, Pepco will provide advance notification of the outages to Mirant, PJM, the Department of Energy ("Department"), the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, the...

159

Mirant: Summary of Monitored SO2 Concentrations During Periods...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Impact More Documents & Publications Answer of Potomac Electric Power Company and PJM lnterconnection, L.L.C. to the October 6, 2005 motion filed by the Virginia Department...

160

E-Print Network 3.0 - alternativa para pequenas Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

al Pago por Capacidad n Introduccin n Alternativa 1: Call Option n... Alternativa 2: PJM en Chile Carlos Altimiras - Francisco Moyano 16sept2001 2 Justificacin Conceptual...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mro pjm rfc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

E-Print Network 3.0 - areva back-end possibilities Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

presents a description of a Mixed Integer Programming (MIP) solution for solving the PJM Unit Summary: --Electricity market, Power Generation Dispatch, Mixed Integer...

162

E-Print Network 3.0 - alternativa para reduzir Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

al Pago por Capacidad n Introduccin n Alternativa 1: Call Option n... Alternativa 2: PJM en Chile Carlos Altimiras - Francisco Moyano 16sept2001 2 Justificacin Conceptual...

163

E-Print Network 3.0 - alternativa para tela Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

al Pago por Capacidad n Introduccin n Alternativa 1: Call Option n... Alternativa 2: PJM en Chile Carlos Altimiras - Francisco Moyano 16sept2001 2 Justificacin Conceptual...

164

Energy Policy ] (  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the locational marginal prices of several pricing points in the New England, New York, and PJM electricityEnergy Policy ] (

Cañizares, Claudio A.

165

Data Integration by Bi-Directional Schema Transformation Rules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Poulovassilis Dept. of Computing, Imperial College, London SW7 2BZ pjm@doc.ic.ac.uk School of Computer Science

McBrien, Peter

166

Schema Integration based on Uncertain Semantic Mappings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

College London 180 Queen's Gate, South Kensington Campus, London SW7 2AZ, UK {nr600,pjm}@doc.ic.ac.uk 3

McBrien, Peter

167

AutoMed: A BAV Data Integration System for Heterogeneous Data Sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kittivoravitkul, Charalambos Lazanitis, Peter M c . Brien and Nikos Rizopoulos email: {mboyd,sk297,cl201,pjm,nr600

McBrien, Peter

168

A General Approach to the Generation of Conceptual Model Transformations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Peter Mc.Brien Dept. Computing, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ email: nr600@doc.ic.ac.uk, pjm

McBrien, Peter

169

AutoMed: A BAV Data Integration System for Heterogeneous Data Sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kittivoravitkul, Charalambos Lazanitis, Peter Mc.Brien and Nikos Rizopoulos email: {mboyd,sk297,cl201,pjm,nr600

McBrien, Peter

170

Integrating Unnormalised Semi-Structured Data Sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.Brien Department of Computing, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ sk297@doc.ic.ac.uk, pjm@doc.ic.ac.uk http

McBrien, Peter

171

iXPeer: Implementing layers of abstraction in P2P Schema Mapping using AutoMed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

College London London SW7 2AZ UK pjm@doc.ic.ac.uk Nikos Rizopoulos Dept. Computing Imperial College London

McBrien, Peter

172

Schema Evolution in Heterogeneous Database Architectures,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, London SW7 2BZ, pjm@doc.ic.ac.uk 2 Dept. of Computer Science, Birkbeck College, University of London

McBrien, Peter

173

A comparative study of body size and clutch size across the parasitoid Hymenoptera  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, PO Box 373, York, UK YO10 5YW (pjm19@york.ac.uk). The explanation of life history variation across

Mayhew, Peter

174

Importing the US 1990 Census Data into a Relational DBMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. of Computing, Imperial College, 180 Queen's Gate, London SW7 2BZ pjm@doc.ic.ac.uk Tuesday 9 th April 2002 1

McBrien, Peter

175

P2P query reformulation over BothasView data transformation rules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Alexandra Poulovassilis 2 1 Dept. of Computing, Imperial College, Univ. of London, pjm@doc.ic.ac.uk 2 School

McBrien, Peter

176

Project Award Spreadsheets 2010 12 21 1232.xlsx  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Interconnection Organization Recovery Act Funding PJM Interconnection, LLC 16,000,000 The National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) 14,000,000 Western...

177

Microsoft Word - Document1  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

This planned transmission outage is contingent on the availability of Mirant generation. PJM will be responsible for ensuring that sufficient on line generation resources are...

178

Uncertainty in Semantic Schema Integration Nikos Rizopoulos1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and Danilo Montesi3 1 Department of Computing, Imperial College London {nr600,pjm}@doc.ic.ac.uk 2 Department

McBrien, Peter

179

Does development mode organize life-history traits in the parasitoid Hymenoptera?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; Fax: +44 (0)1904 432860; e- mail: pjm19@york.ac.uk Journal of Animal Ecology 1999, 68, 906±916 # 1999

Mayhew, Peter

180

Electromagnetic Induction by Sq Ionospheric Currents in a Heterogeneous Earth: Modeling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

p=1 p+M m=p-M m+J-1 j=m G (e) jm,p r a j + G (i) jm,p a r j+1 Pjm(cos ) ei m ei p t , for a r a + h, (1) U2(r, , ; t) = 2 a R p,j,m -G (e) jm,p j j + 1 a + h a 2j+1 + G (i) jm,p a r j+1 Pjm, and longitude, a = 6371.2 km is the Earth's radius, Pjm are the associated Legendre polynomials, and p = 2

VelĂ­msky, Jakub

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mro pjm rfc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 Internation...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

PJM Letter12-08-2011.pdf More Documents & Publications Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 International Transmission Company: Comments of BGE on...

182

Application for presidential permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 Internation...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

intervene from PJM Interconnection in the matter of the application for a presidential permit authorizing International Transmission Company to construct, operate, and maintain...

183

Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 Internation...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

30-4SupplementalFiling.pdf More Documents & Publications Application for presidential permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 International Transmission Company: Response of PJM...

184

Application for presidential permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 Internation...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

INC. Docket No. PP-230-4 More Documents & Publications Application for presidential permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 International Transmission Company: Response of PJM...

185

Application for presidential permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 Internation...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

transmission facilities at the U.S-Canada border. Application for presidential permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 International Transmission Company: Response of PJM...

186

Joint Maintenance Status Report of Potomac Electric Power Company...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

pursuant to the December 20. 2006, Department of Energy ("DOE") Order No. 202-05-3. Joint Maintenance Status Report of Potomac Electric Power Company amd PJM Interconnection,...

187

NAESB Business Practice Subcommittee (BPS) ATC Project  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

thus far * 10114 NAESB BPS ATC Project Kick Off * 107 - 10814 NAESB BPS Meeting (MISO - Carmel, IN) * 1028 - 102914 NAESB BPS Meeting (PJM - Valley Forge, PA) Future...

188

OPSI Annual Meeting  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Organization of PJM States, Inc. (OPSI) is hosting its annual meeting in Chicago, IL, on October 13-14, 2014.

189

Support for Steffes Corporation, Application for Exception, OHA...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of storing off-peak energy. Letter of Support for Steffes Exception - Boston - PJM DOEWaterHeaterNOPRFinalComments DOE Boston Letter to Kathleen Hogan More Documents &...

190

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

on the interfaces between western, central and eastern PJM and at various transformer sites in Pennsylvania. The most significant congestion occurred in the following...

191

A generalization of a unit index of Greither Radan Kucera 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; m the conductor of k; m 0 = Q pjm p the maximal square­free divisor of m. For a prime p dividing m â?? \\Gamma1 p e p ) = Y pjm0 (s(D p ) + 1 \\Gamma â?? \\Gamma1 p e p ) 2 U: If Ă? is a multiplicative character

Kuèera, Radan

192

Dtermination des formes modulaires par les valeurs de  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(resp. d'ordre 3) de . Ă? titre d'exemple, on a #23; 2 0 (m) #1; = 8 pjm #2; 1 + 1 p #1;#3; sinon et #23; 3 0 (m) #1; = 8 pjm #2; 1 + 3 p #1;#3; sinon. [Miy89, theorem 4.2.7] Ce

Royer, Emmanuel

193

FORKING AND MULTIPLICITY IN FIRST ORDER THEORIES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sequence hb i j i 2 Xi in p over A. 7 #12; COHEIRS Let M j= T and M ` A, p 2 S(A) is a coheir of pjM of pjM . 1. p does not divide over M . 2. If E = he i : i 2 Ii contained in MB is a coherent sequence

Baldwin, John T.

194

FORUM is intended for new ideas or new ways of interpreting existing information. It provides a chance for suggesting hypotheses and for challenging current thinking on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Kaiserstraat 63, PO Box 9516, NL-2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands (present address of PJM: Dept of Biology, Uni7. of York, PO Box 373, York, UK Y010 5YW [pjm19@york.ac.uk]; present address of OG: Museum of Zoology

Mayhew, Peter

195

Canonical Representations sp (2n, R)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

leaves p(m) invariant. Let {pJm)} be a basis for the set p(and the completeness of the set {pJm)}, we get the followingp~m)(z) = N(m) L: d(m)(J2)~ pJm)(z) a = 1,2, . .. ,N(m). (J=

Rangarajan, G.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

CARACTRISATION DES FORMES MODULAIRES PAR DES VALEURS DE FONCTIONS L  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

d'ordre 2 (resp. d'ordre 3) de . Ă? titre d'exemple, on a #23; 2 0 (m) #1; = 8 pjm #2; 1 + 1 p #1;#3; sinon et #23; 3 0 (m) #1; = 8 pjm #2; 1 + 3 p #1;#3; sinon. [Miy

Royer, Emmanuel

197

Design of Distributed Applications based on the OSI Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Science, King's College London Strand, London WC2R 2LS mailto:pjm@dcs.kcl.ac.uk http://www.dcs.kcl.ac.uk/sta#11;/pjm Abstract. This paper demonstrates how the fundamental concepts of a layered design found

McBrien, Peter

198

The USER cloning standard  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This BioBricks Foundation Request for Comments (BBF RFC) provides information about the design of uracil-containing primers used for USER cloning and USER fusion.

Kaas, Christian Schrřder

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

A New Standard to Connect BioBrick Parts for Precise Extraction of an Enzyme Digestion Product  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This BioBricks Foundation Request for Comments (BBF RFC) introduces a new standard to connect BioBrick parts using BglI site.

Uekusa, Kousuke

2010-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

200

"BioSandwich", a homology-based assembly method using a library of standard parts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This Request for Comments (RFC) describes a strategy for using homology-based assembly methods to assemble parts from a library in any order.

Abbas, Yassen

2011-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mro pjm rfc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

China’s Military Representatives: Striving Toward Professional Contracting and Procurement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Toward Professional Contracting and Procurement Susan M.Summary C hina’s military contracting and procurement systemMRO) system that oversees contracting and procurement under

Puska, Susan M; McReynolds, Joe; Geary, Debra

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Life-Cycle Water Impacts of U.S. Transportation Fuels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Sustainability: U.S. Electricity Consumption for Watervaries widely. Electricity consumption in the MRO and HICCNERC region, so all electricity consumption is assigned the

Scown, Corinne Donahue

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

National Fuel Cell Research Center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

National Fuel Cell Research Center www.nfcrc.uci.edu CONTROLS RESIDENTIAL FUEL CELL PHOTOVOLTAIC and efficiency, (3) RFC produces hydrogen, a flexible fuel that may be used for electricity, vehicles, heating fuel cells (RFC), we gain access to a new energy storage device that is both analogous to rechargeable

Mease, Kenneth D.

204

Right frontier constraint for discourses in non-canonical order  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Right frontier constraint for discourses in non-canonical order Laurence DANLOS Pierre HANKACH constituents are related to each other in a constrained way. The Right Frontier Constraint (henceforth RFC for the attachment of a new constituent are those on the "right frontier". Moreover, RFC is also used as an anaphora

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

205

[1] Overproduction and Purification of RFCRelated Clamp Loaders and PCNARelated Clamps from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in yeast and purified at a milligram scale. To aid in purification, the large subunit of each clamp loader[1] Overproduction and Purification of RFCRelated Clamp Loaders and PCNARelated Clamps from identified. These alternative clamp loaders contain the small Rfc2­5 sub- units of RFC, but replace the large

Burgers, Peter M.

206

Cover Letter for Motion to Intervene and Comments of the District...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Station and Proposed Mirant Compliance Plan Answer of Potomac Electric Power Company and PJM lnterconnection, L.L.C. to the October 6, 2005 motion filed by the Virginia Department...

207

Notification to the Commonwealth of Virginia of Mirant's Plan...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

River Plant More Documents & Publications Answer of Potomac Electric Power Company and PJM lnterconnection, L.L.C. to the October 6, 2005 motion filed by the Virginia Department...

208

Letter Clarifying the Position of the Director of the Virginia...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Environmental Impacts of Requested Relief Answer of Potomac Electric Power Company and PJM lnterconnection, L.L.C. to the October 6, 2005 motion filed by the Virginia Department...

209

Response of the Potomac Electric Power Company to the Operating...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of Mirant Potomac River, L.L.C. More Documents & Publications Preliminary Response of PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. to the Operating Plan of Mirant Potomac River, LLC Comments on...

210

Letter Responding to Requests for Information Made by Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Generating Station in Alexandria, Virginia Answer of Potomac Electric Power Company and PJM lnterconnection, L.L.C. to the October 6, 2005 motion filed by the Virginia Department...

211

Motion of Robert G. Burnley, Director the Commonwealth of Virginia...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of Columbia Public Service Commission Answer of Potomac Electric Power Company and PJM lnterconnection, L.L.C. to the October 6, 2005 motion filed by the Virginia Department...

212

Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In PJM for example, loads and generators that can follow theto generators and loads, who can follow operator’s second bya reflection of the load’s inability to follow minute-by-

Heffner, Grayson

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Exploration of Resource and Transmission Expansion Decisions in the Western Renewable Energy Zone Initiative  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

augmented with a capacity market payment that is separate92/kW-yr. Recent forward capacity market auctions in ISO-Newzone within PJM. Forward capacity markets, however, are only

Mills, Andrew

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Transmission Policy in the United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Market Design (SMD) proposal. PJM’s market rules and transmission pricing, planning and investment policies are reviewed as an articulation of FERC’s RTO and SMD visions....

Joskow, Paul

2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

215

What China Can Learn from International Experiences in Developing a Demand Response Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

services provided to the energy markets, Order 745 advancedand may be paid the spot market energy price. (e.g. PJM SRM,capacity, energy, and ancillary services markets, several

Shen, Bo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Persons Who Received the DC PSC's Emergency Petition and Complaint...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

24, 2005 More Documents & Publications Answer of Potomac Electric Power Company and PJM lnterconnection, L.L.C. to the October 6, 2005 motion filed by the Virginia Department...

217

P(R) P(W|R) P(S|R, W) (1) LR (PGLR) [8  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(W|R) W P(S|R, W) S P(W|R) 1 P(W|R) = li P(wi|li) � ni P(ni|Ni) j D(ni|Ni[pj : vj]) � (pj1···pjm) P(pj1 · · · pjm|Pj1 · · · Pjm[vj]) (2) 1(2) (2) 1 wi( ) li wi R (2) 2 ni D(ni|Ni[pj : vj]) ni vj pj ni ni D(ni|N[pj : vj]) = P(ni|N[pj : vj]) P(ni|N) (3) ni vj pj ( ) 1 ( ) 1 D 1 [4, 6] ni (2) 3 pi vj m pj1, · · · , pjm

Shirai, Kiyoaki

218

A General Approach to the Generation of Conceptual Model Transformations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.ic.ac.uk, pjm@doc.ic.ac.uk http://www.doc.ic.ac.uk/automed Abstract. From Proc. CAiSE05 LNCS 3520, Pages 326

McBrien, Peter

219

Finding of No Significant Impact, Federal Register, 73 FR 2017...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Generating Station in Alexandria, Virginia Answer of Potomac Electric Power Company and PJM lnterconnection, L.L.C. to the October 6, 2005 motion filed by the Virginia Department...

220

FINAL REPORT - HYBRID-MIXING TESTS SUPPORTING THE CONCENTRATE RECEIPT VESSEL (CRV-VSL-00002A/2B) CONFIGURATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) has performed scaled physical modeling of Pulse Jet Mixing Systems applicable to the Concentrate Receipt Vessel (CRV) of Hanford's Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) as part of the overall effort to validate pulse jet mixer (PJM) mixing in WTP vessels containing non-Newtonian fluids. The strategy developed by the Pulse Jet Mixing Task Team was to construct a quarter-scale model of the CRV, use a clear simulant to understand PJM mixing behavior, and down-select from a number of PJM configurations to a ''best design'' configuration. This ''best design'' would undergo final validation testing using a particulate simulant that has rheological properties closely similar to WTP waste streams. The scaled PJM mixing tests were to provide information on the operating parameters critical for the uniform movement (total mobilization) of these non-Newtonian slurries. Overall, 107 tests were performed during Phase I and Phase II testing.

GUERRERO, HECTORN.

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mro pjm rfc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

The Benefits of Restructuring: It's Not Your Grandfather's Electric Utility Anymore  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The key to achieving and maintaining most of the benefits from the emerging competitive market for electricity supply is to have a workably competitive wholesale generation market. By any objective measure, the PJM regional transmission organization is fulfilling its mission.

Switzer, Sheldon; Straub, Mary M.

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

NETL F 451.1-1/1 Categorical Exclusion (CX) Designation Form  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DE-FOA-0000068 PJM OE DE-FOA-0000068 EDTD 2010 Alicia R. Dalton-Tingler Award date until 29Jan12 955 Jefferson Ave. Morristown, PA 19403 Eastern Interconnection Planning...

223

Carnegie Mellon University Economics of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thakur (Customized Energy Solutions) for help with data collection, Haresh Kamat (EPRI) for helping me Gomatom (EPRI), Susan Covino (PJM), Bhala Mehandale, Rick Gilkey and Erik Paulson (Customized Energy

224

2012 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PJM POU PPA PSCo PTC REC RGGI RPS RTO SPP SPS USITC W WAPAGreenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) cap-and-trade policy, forpricing seen to date under RGGI has been too low to drive

Wiser, Ryan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Preferred orientation of ettringite in concrete fractures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Z. (1988). Cement and Concrete Research , 18 , 823-829.R. (2006). Cement and Concrete Research 36 , 364-370.P.K. & Monteiro, P.J.M. (2006). Concrete. Microstructure,

Wenk, Hans-Rudolf

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Megawatts vs. Negawatts: how a little can do a lot  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In some quarters there is increased emphasis on overall reduction of energy usage from customers. One indication of the growing significance of negawatts is apparent at PJM Interconnection, where customers are encouraged to bid negative load into the wholesale market in direct competition with megawatts. This negative load, while not large in absolute terms relative to the 164 GW size of the PJM market, is nevertheless critical in introducing an element of price elasticity into what would otherwise be a virtually inelastic demand.

NONE

2008-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

227

E-Print Network 3.0 - accouting standards development Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

is dictated by RFC 2988 12--the standard says that, in case SY N (or SY NACK) is lost, the kth... the guideline developed in this paper, it should be promptly purged. IEEE...

228

PCR - Ligation Assembly Standard for BioBrick Parts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This Request for Comments (RFC) describes a novel method for the assembly of standard BioBrick parts. This assembly method for BioBrick parts is an improvement upon the conventional methods of BioBrick part assembly. This ...

He, Tony PeiYuan

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

229

DTU Synthetic Promoter Library Standard  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this RFC is to outline a method for generating a BioBrick compatible Synthetic Promoter Library (SPL) within bacteria in order to fine-tune the expression of BioBrick parts and devices.

Fortuna, Patrick

2010-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

230

Life-Cycle Water Impacts of U.S. Transportation Fuels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Drinking Water: Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (MTBE).http://www.epa.gov/mtbe/water.htm (11/30/10), Chiu, Y. W. ;LCFS LCI LP LPG MED MRO MSF MTBE MWD MWDOC NAICS NERC NETL

Scown, Corinne Donahue

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IOU IRC ISO LMP LBNL LSE MISO MP MRO MWG M&V NERC OATT PUCrecommended a focus on what MISO refers to as DRR Type IIis consistent with trends in MISO and elsewhere and suggests

Bharvirkar, Ranjit

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Increasing transmission loadability by the application of shunt capacitors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The companies located in the eastern portion of the Pennsylvania-New Jersey-Maryland Interconnection (PJM) have installed oil-fired generation to meet strict environmental requirements. In an attempt to reduce the use of oil, PJM has been purchasing energy from systems to the west of PJM where the primary fuel is coal. These west-to-east energy transfers have increased the loading on the 500kV transmission system. The heavy loadings have resulted in voltage limitations on the 500kV system that limit flows to well below the thermal capability. Results of an analysis of this problem and recommendations for removing the voltage limitations are presented. It is primarily recommended to use shunt capacitors to supply the transmission system reactive losses.

Palmer, R.

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Computing GIC in large power systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On March 13, 1989, a severe geomagnetic disturbance affected power and communications systems in the North American continent. Since the geomagnetic disturbance, several other disturbances have occurred. The Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Maryland (PJM) Interconnection system, its member companies, and some of the neighboring utilities experienced the geomagnetic induced current (GIC) effects on March 13, 1989, as well as during the subsequent geomagnetic disturbances. As a result, considerable effort is being focused on measurement, analysis, and mitigation of GIC in the PJM system. Some of the analytical and computational work completed so far is summarized in this article.

Prabhakara, F.S. (Power Technologies, Inc., Schenectady, NY (United States)); Ponder, J.Z.; Towle, J.N.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

NAESB Business Practice Subcommittee (BPS) ATC Project  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Capability for each ATC Path - MOD-030-2 R4 (XXX-2.3.2), ATCID NAESB BPS Meeting at PJM B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Pre-decisional. For...

235

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali metal li Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

them together with a variety of optical data for alkali metals, and for Li... mopt PH PJM Li 1.153 1.526 Na 1.049 1.040 K 1.014 0.983 Rb 0.977 0.909 Cs 0.983 0.872 55 13...

236

BEFORE THE PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION OF THE STATE OF DELAWARE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and an "Additional Coal Retirements" case. 2. Impact of recent NYMEX natural gas prices on Conectiv's proposal. 3 these assumptions. With additional coal retirements assumed in the region, the impact on market prices and SOS costs-term power sale from its proposed coal-fired integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) project. 4. PJM

Firestone, Jeremy

237

Wind Aggregation Via Risky Power Markets Yue Zhao, Member, IEEE, Junjie Qin, Student Member, IEEE, Ram Rajagopal, Member, IEEE,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

generation and locational marginal price data for ten WPPs in the PJM interconnection. Index Terms competitive equilibrium (CE), characterized in closed form. The marginal contribution and diversity when the wind penetration level is high. This is because, the cost of increased reserve margin

Zhao, Yue

238

Accepted for publication in IEEE Transactions in Power Systems in February 2002. Will appear in a future issue. An Individual Welfare Maximization Algorithm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

[3]. In PJM, spot prices are called Locational Marginal Prices or LMPs. Participants in these markets of the transmission system and inclusion of consumer bidding. The algorithm utilizes price and dispatch sensitivities. These pools take bids from market participants and use spot pricing theory to determine the market prices

239

Restructuring here and there: Lessons for the U.S. from far south of the border  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The extensive experience gained in restructuring the electricity industries of the Southern Cone countries - Chile and Argentina - hold some important lessons for the infant restructuring in the U.S. Comparing the proposed PJM restructuring with the experience in the Southern Cone countries indicates the need for both care and caution in what is assumed to be needed here.

Lalor, P.; Garcia, H.

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Assessing the efficiency of US electricity markets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The recent California's energy crisis has raised doubts about the benefits of energy deregulation. While it is true that the California electricity market is in turmoil, other electricity markets like the Pennsylvania-New Jersey-Maryland (PJM) are doing fine. This paper assesses the mark of efficiency reached by the electricity markets in California, New York, and PJM. It also compares the degree of efficiency across markets (forward vs. real time) and across time. In terms of market efficiency no significant differences between the California and PJM electricity markets were discovered in the year of California's energy crisis (2000). This research suggests that differences in price behavior between these two markets during 2000 did not arise from differences in efficiency. According to our analysis and measure of efficiency, PJM and California electricity markets are more efficient than the New York market. Also, as these markets become more mature over time, their efficiency goes up. We also found evidence that multi-settlement scheduling system leads to higher efficiency.

Arciniegas, I. E. (Ismael E.); Barrett, C. L. (Christopher L.); Marathe, A. (Achla)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mro pjm rfc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Workshop on Renewable Energy Certificate (REC) Markets and Challenges Renaissance Washington Hotel, Washington, DC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cullen-Hitt, Constellation NewEnergy ­ Retailer Perspective Carrie Plemons, PPM Energy ­ Generator Jeff Bladen, PJM-EIS #12;12:15 Sign up for Afternoon Breakout Sessions 12:20 Lunch 1:30 Facilitated on Facilitated Discussion 4:15 Summation/Next Steps Catherine Morris, the Keystone Center John Atcheson

242

Stochastic Optimization in Energy ISO New England  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oct Nov Dec #12;Slide 9 Energy from wind 30 days Wind from all PJM wind farms #12;Solar energy;Solar from PSE&G solar farms Solar from a single solar farm Solar energy from a single solar farm showing significant variations due to clouds. Slide 12 #12;Solar from PSE&G solar farms Solar from all

Powell, Warren B.

243

ENERGY EFFICIENT TCP Master's thesis: L. Donckers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENERGY EFFICIENT TCP Master's thesis: L. Donckers CAES/002/01 May, 2001 University of Twente.J.M. Smit dr. ing. P.J.M. Havinga ir. L.T. Smit #12;#12;Energy Efficient TCP L. Donckers I SAMENVATTING Een presteren op meer traditionele punten: throughput en latency. #12;Energy Efficient TCP II #12;L. Donckers

Havinga, Paul J.M.

244

Executive Forum on Solutions to Transmission Investment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. California ISO CenterPoint Energy Duke Energy Entergy EPRI Exelon FirstEnergy GE Energy Institut de recherche Transmission Co. MidAmerican Energy Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator (MISO) National Grid USA National Rural Electric Coop. Assn. New York ISO New York Power Authority Pacific Gas and Electric PJM

245

REVISED March 31, 2008 Advanced Workshop in Regulation and Competition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with Restructured Wholesale Markets USO Central Evergreen Chair: Robert Curry Discussants: E. Rand Costich & Menahem of Market Power in PJM Energy Markets Andrew Kleit: Market Monitoring, ERCOT Style Gary Newell & Ransom E of the latest developments in the telecommunications and energy sectors, including: % Policy and Regulatory

Lin, Xiaodong

246

Robust Policies for the Transformer Acquisition and Allocation Problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Robust Policies for the Transformer Acquisition and Allocation Problem Johannes Enders Department and allocation of high-voltage transformers over time. We analyze PJM's transmission system by simulating associated with transformer failures and replacements. #12;1 Introduction The replacement of the high

Powell, Warren B.

247

Ultra-High Efficiency and Low-Emissions Combustion Technology for Manufacturing Industries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this research was to develop and test a transformational combustion technology for high temperature furnaces to reduce the energy intensity and carbon footprint of U.S. manufacturing industries such as steel, aluminum, glass, metal casting, and petroleum refining. A new technology based on internal and/or external Flue Gas Recirculation (FGR) along with significant enhancement in flame radiation was developed. It produces "Radiative Flameless Combustion (RFC)" and offers tremendous energy efficiency and pollutant reduction benefits over and above the now popular "flameless combustion." It will reduce the energy intensity (or fuel consumption per unit system output) by more than 50% and double the furnace productivity while significantly reducing pollutants and greenhouse gas emissions (10^3 times reduction in NOx and 10 times reduction in CO & hydrocarbons and 3 times reduction in CO2). Product quality improvements are also expected due to uniform radiation, as well as, reduction in scale/dross formation is expected because of non-oxidative atmosphere. RFC is inexpensive, easy to implement, and it was successfully tested in a laboratory-scale furnace at the University of Michigan during the course of this work. A first-ever theory with gas and particulate radiation was also developed. Numerical programs were also written to design an industrial-scale furnace. Nine papers were published (or are in the process of publication). We believe that this early stage research adequately proves the concept through laboratory experiments, modeling and computational models. All this work is presented in the published papers. Important conclusions of this work are: (1) It was proved through experimental measurements that RFC is not only feasible but a very beneficial technology. (2) Theoretical analysis of RFC was done in (a) spatially uniform strain field and (b) a planar momentum jet where the strain rate is neither prescribed nor uniform. Four important non-dimensional parameters controlling RFC in furnaces were identified. These are: (i) The Boltzmann number; (ii) The Damkohler number, (iii) The dimensionless Arrhenius number, and (iv) The equivalence ratio. Together they define the parameter space where RFC is possible. It was also found that the Damkohler number must be small for RFC to exist and that the Boltzmann number expands the RFC domain. The experimental data obtained during the course of this work agrees well with the predictions made by the theoretical analysis. Interestingly, the equivalence ratio dependence shows that it is easier to establish RFC for rich mixtures than for lean mixtures. This was also experimentally observed. Identifying the parameter space for RFC is necessary for controlling the RFC furnace operation. It is hoped that future work will enable the methodology developed here to be applied to the operation of real furnaces, with consequent improvement in efficiency and pollutant reduction. To reiterate, the new furnace combustion technology developed enables intense radiation from combustion products and has many benefits: (i) Ultra-High Efficiency and Low-Emissions; (ii) Uniform and intense radiation to substantially increase productivity; (iii) Oxygen-free atmosphere to reduce dross/scale formation; (iv) Provides multi-fuel capability; and (v) Enables carbon sequestration if pure oxygen is used for combustion.

Atreya, Arvind

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

248

SAVANNAH RIVER NATIONAL LABORATORYREGENERATIVE FUEL CELL PROJECT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A team comprised of governmental, academic and industrial partners led by the Savannah River National Laboratory developed and demonstrated a regenerative fuel cell system for backup power applications. Recent market assessments have identified emergency response and telecommunication applications as promising near-term markets for fuel cell backup power systems. The Regenerative Fuel Cell System (RFC) consisted of a 2 kg-per-day electrolyzer, metal-hydride based hydrogen storage units and a 5 kW fuel cell. Coupling these components together created a system that can produce and store its own energy from the power grid much like a rechargeable battery. A series of test were conducted to evaluate the performance of the RFC system under both steady-state and transit conditions that might be encountered in typical backup power applications. In almost all cases the RFC functioned effectively. Test results from the demonstration project will be used to support recommendations for future fuel cell and hydrogen component and system designs and support potential commercialization activities. In addition to the work presented in this report, further testing of the RFC system at the Center for Hydrogen Research in Aiken County, SC is planned including evaluating the system as a renewable system coupled with a 20kW-peak solar photovoltaic array.

Motyka, T

2008-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

249

DSpace@Cambridge: implementing long-term digital preservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with the Rosetta Stone, a granite stone slab containing the same Ptolemaic 3http://www.rfc-editor.org/ Figure 1: The Rosetta Stone decree in greek, Egyptian demotic script and Egyp- tian hieroglyphics. Although the greek translation of the text expresses concepts...

De Mulder, Tom

2005-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

250

Health and Wellness Curriculum http://studentaffairs.med.wayne.edu/counseling.php  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Health and Wellness Curriculum Years I-IV http://studentaffairs.med.wayne.edu/counseling.php Physical: School of Medicine Fitness Center ­ 24 hours access http://studentaffairs.med.wayne.edu/fitness.php Wayne State University ­ Mort Harris Recreation and Fitness Center http://rfc.wayne.edu/building-hours.php

Finley Jr., Russell L.

251

Effects of the Economic Downturn on Bonneville Power Administration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forecast (January-July, RFC) #12;3 Natural Gas Prices, 2008 & 2009 (Henry Hub) July 2008 March thru Sept. 2009 $13/MMbtu $4.50/MMbtu November 2008 $6.50/MMbtu #12;4 Natural Gas Prices, 2010 & 2011 (Henry Hub reduction ­ DSI benefit reduction ­ PF load reduction due to economy ­ Other cost changes ­ Fuel and market

252

NAWIPS Integration with AWIPS II System Overview  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2006-FY2011) ­ Migration of WFO/RFC AWIPS (AWIPS I) to a modern Service Oriented Architecture (SOA into the AWIPS Integrated Service Oriented Architecture (ISOA) · Delivery of thin client to support Infusion Background · AWIPS II Migration: Migrate current AWIPS functionalities to a "Service Oriented

253

This POODLE Bites: Exploiting The SSL 3.0 Fallback  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This POODLE Bites: Exploiting The SSL 3.0 Fallback Security Advisory Bodo Möller, Thai Duong, Krzysztof Kotowicz Google September 2014 {bmoeller, thaidn, koto}@google.com Introduction SSL 3.0 [RFC remain backwardscompatible with SSL 3.0 to interoperate with legacy systems in the interest of a smooth

Moeller, Bodo

254

Gone are the days of awkwardly angling your tall plastic water  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gone are the days of awkwardly angling your tall plastic water bottle under the rushing arc of the number of plastic water bottles saved from landfills.As of Oct.31, the station in the RFC alone has with Facilities Planning and Management, retrofitted six standard drinking fountains with new EZH2O water bottle

Baskaran, Mark

255

Internet Engineering Task Force Individual Submission INTERNETDRAFT Lennox/Schulzrinne  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­lennox­sip­reg­payload­01.ps Columbia University October 31, 2000 Expires: April 2001 Transporting User Control Information in SIP REGISTER Payloads Status of this Memo This document is an Internet­Draft and is in full conformance with all provisions of Section 10 of RFC2026. Internet­Drafts are working documents

Lennox, Jonathan

256

Internet Engineering Task Force Individual Submission INTERNET-DRAFT Lennox/Schulzrinne  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-lennox-sip-reg-payload-01.ps Columbia University October 31, 2000 Expires: April 2001 Transporting User Control Information in SIP REGISTER Payloads Status of this Memo This document is an Internet-Draft and is in full conformance with all provisions of Section 10 of RFC2026. Internet-Drafts are working documents

Lennox, Jonathan

257

Internet Engineering Task Force Individual Submission INTERNETDRAFT Lennox/Schulzrinne  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­lennox­sip­reg­payload­00.ps Columbia University March 6, 2000 Expires: September 2000 Transporting User Control Information in SIP REGISTER Payloads Status of this Memo This document is an Internet­Draft and is in full conformance with all provisions of Section 10 of RFC2026. Internet­Drafts are working documents

Lennox, Jonathan

258

TRANSMISSION CONTROL PROTOCOL DARPA INTERNET PROGRAM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RFC: 793 TRANSMISSION CONTROL PROTOCOL DARPA INTERNET PROGRAM PROTOCOL SPECIFICATION September 1981 Admiralty Way Marina del Rey, California 90291 #12;#12;September 1981 Transmission Control Protocol TABLE ........................................... 12 2.9 Precedence and Security ...................................... 13 2.10 Robustness Principle

McBrien, Peter

259

Open Automated Demand Response Communications Specification (Version 1.0)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reports X BIP X X X X X X X X PDC X X X X X X X X PCT X X XNOC  OASIS  PG&E  PCT  OpenADR  PDC  REST  RFC  RTP  SDG&E D.2.5 Peak Day Credit (PDC) Peak Day Credit (PDC) is a DR 

Piette, Mary Ann

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Fellows 2013School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo Fellows 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research Field: Based on Self-Compacting Concrete (SCC), Professor An has developed a new Rock Filled Concrete (RFC) technology. This technology is applicable in the design and construction of massive concrete conference of the American Concrete Institute. Professor An has supervised 21 doctoral students Fellows 2013

Miyashita, Yasushi

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mro pjm rfc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Pulse Jet Mixer Overblow Testing for Assessment of Loadings During Multiple Overblows  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of River Protection’s Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) is being designed and built to pretreat and then vitrify a large portion of the wastes in Hanford’s 177 underground waste storage tanks. The WTP consists of three primary facilities: pretreatment, low-activity waste (LAW) vitrification, and high-level waste (HLW) vitrification. The pretreatment facility will receive waste feed from the Hanford tank farms and separate it into 1) a high-volume, low-activity liquid stream stripped of most solids and radionuclides and 2) a much smaller volume of HLW slurry containing most of the solids and most of the radioactivity. Many of the vessels in the pretreatment facility will contain pulse jet mixers (PJMs) that will provide some or all of the mixing in the vessels. This technology was selected for use in so-called “black cell” regions of the WTP, where maintenance capability will not be available for the operating life of the WTP. PJM technology was selected for use in these regions because it has no moving mechanical parts that require maintenance. The vessels with the most concentrated slurries will also be mixed with air spargers and/or steady jets in addition to the mixing provided by the PJMs. This report contains the results of single and multiple PJM overblow tests conducted in a large, ~13 ft-diameter × 15-ft-tall tank located in the high bay of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) 336 Building test facility. These single and multiple PJM overblow tests were conducted using water and a clay simulant to bound the lower and upper rheological properties of the waste streams anticipated to be processed in the WTP. Hydrodynamic pressures were measured at a number of locations in the test vessel using an array of nine pressure sensors and four hydrophones. These measurements were made under normal and limiting vessel operating conditions (i.e., maximum PJM fluid emptying velocity, maximum and minimum vessel contents for PJM operation, and maximum and minimum rheological properties). Test data collected from the PJM overblow tests were provided to Bechtel National, Inc. (BNI) for assessing hydrostatic, dynamic, and acoustic pressure loadings on in-tank structures during 1) single overblows; 2) multiple overlapping overblows of two to four PJMs; 3) simultaneous overblows of pairs of PJMs.

Pfund, David M.; Bontha, Jagannadha R.; Michener, Thomas E.; Nigl, Franz; Yokuda, Satoru T.; Leigh, Richard J.; Golovich, Elizabeth C.; Baumann, Aaron W.; Kurath, Dean E.; Hoza, Mark; Combs, William H.; Fort, James A.; Bredt, Ofelia P.

2009-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

262

Pulse Jet Mixer Overblow Testing for Assessment of Loadings During Multiple Overblows  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of River Protection’s Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) is being designed and built to pretreat and then vitrify a large portion of the wastes in Hanford’s 177 underground waste storage tanks. The WTP consists of three primary facilities: pretreatment, low-activity waste (LAW) vitrification, and high-level waste (HLW) vitrification. The pretreatment facility will receive waste feed from the Hanford tank farms and separate it into 1) a high-volume, low-activity liquid stream stripped of most solids and radionuclides and 2) a much smaller volume of HLW slurry containing most of the solids and most of the radioactivity. Many of the vessels in the pretreatment facility will contain pulse jet mixers (PJMs) that will provide some or all of the mixing in the vessels. This technology was selected for use in so-called “black cell” regions of the WTP, where maintenance capability will not be available for the operating life of the WTP. PJM technology was selected for use in these regions because it has no moving mechanical parts that require maintenance. The vessels with the most concentrated slurries will also be mixed with air spargers and/or steady jets in addition to the mixing provided by the PJMs. This report contains the results of single and multiple PJM overblow tests conducted in a large, ~13 ft-diameter × 15-ft-tall tank located in the high bay of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) 336 Building test facility. These single and multiple PJM overblow tests were conducted using water and a clay simulant to bound the lower and upper rheological properties of the waste streams anticipated to be processed in the WTP. Hydrodynamic pressures were measured at a number of locations in the test vessel using an array of nine pressure sensors and four hydrophones. These measurements were made under normal and limiting vessel operating conditions (i.e., maximum PJM fluid emptying velocity, maximum and minimum vessel contents for PJM operation, and maximum and minimum rheological properties). Test data collected from the PJM overblow tests were provided to Bechtel National, Inc. (BNI) for assessing hydrostatic, dynamic, and acoustic pressure loadings on in-tank structures during 1) single overblows; 2) multiple overlapping overblows of two to four PJMs; 3) simultaneous overblows of pairs of PJMs.

Pfund, David M.; Bontha, Jagannadha R.; Michener, Thomas E.; Nigl, Franz; Yokuda, Satoru T.; Leigh, Richard J.; Golovich, Elizabeth C.; Baumann, Aaron W.; Kurath, Dean E.; Hoza, Mark; Combs, William H.; Fort, James A.; Bredt, Ofelia P.

2008-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

263

GPU-based relative fuzzy connectedness image segmentation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose:Recently, clinical radiological research and practice are becoming increasingly quantitative. Further, images continue to increase in size and volume. For quantitative radiology to become practical, it is crucial that image segmentation algorithms and their implementations are rapid and yield practical run time on very large data sets. The purpose of this paper is to present a parallel version of an algorithm that belongs to the family of fuzzy connectedness (FC) algorithms, to achieve an interactive speed for segmenting large medical image data sets. Methods: The most common FC segmentations, optimizing an Script-Small-L {sub {infinity}}-based energy, are known as relative fuzzy connectedness (RFC) and iterative relative fuzzy connectedness (IRFC). Both RFC and IRFC objects (of which IRFC contains RFC) can be found via linear time algorithms, linear with respect to the image size. The new algorithm, P-ORFC (for parallel optimal RFC), which is implemented by using NVIDIA's Compute Unified Device Architecture (CUDA) platform, considerably improves the computational speed of the above mentioned CPU based IRFC algorithm. Results: Experiments based on four data sets of small, medium, large, and super data size, achieved speedup factors of 32.8 Multiplication-Sign , 22.9 Multiplication-Sign , 20.9 Multiplication-Sign , and 17.5 Multiplication-Sign , correspondingly, on the NVIDIA Tesla C1060 platform. Although the output of P-ORFC need not precisely match that of IRFC output, it is very close to it and, as the authors prove, always lies between the RFC and IRFC objects. Conclusions: A parallel version of a top-of-the-line algorithm in the family of FC has been developed on the NVIDIA GPUs. An interactive speed of segmentation has been achieved, even for the largest medical image data set. Such GPU implementations may play a crucial role in automatic anatomy recognition in clinical radiology.

Zhuge Ying; Ciesielski, Krzysztof C.; Udupa, Jayaram K.; Miller, Robert W. [Radiation Oncology Branch, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 (United States); Department of Mathematics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 (United States) and Medical Image Processing Group, Department of Radiology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 (United States); Medical Image Processing Group, Department of Radiology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 (United States); Radiation Oncology Branch, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 (United States)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

264

The Ohio State University Office of Human Resources hr.osu.edu/policy Page 1 of 4 Drug-Free Workplace  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Applicants to specific safety-related and other designated positions at Ohio State will be drug tested after with safety-related and other designated positions as required by law and under individual agreements federal, state or local laws or regulations. Medical Review Officer (MRO) Physician officially designated

Howat, Ian M.

265

Correlation between medium-range order structure and glass-forming ability for Al-based metallic glasses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To clarify the correlation of medium-range order (MRO) structure with glass forming ability (GFA) of Al-based metallic glasses, Al{sub 86}Ni{sub 14-a}Y{sub a} (a?=?2?9 at.?%) metallic glasses were analyzed by x-ray diffraction in detail and further verified by synchrotron high-energy x-ray diffraction. The prepeak that reflects the MRO structural evolution was found to be much sensitive to alloy composition. We have proposed an icosahedral supercluster MRO structure model in Al-TM (transition metal)-RE (rare earth metal) system, which consists of 12 RE(TM)-centered clusters on the vertex of icosahedral supercluster, one RE(TM)-centered clusters in the center, and TM(RE) atoms located at RE(TM)-centered cluster tetrahedral interstices in the icosahedral supercluster. It was indicated that the MRO structural stability mainly depends on the interaction of efficient dense packing and electrochemical potential equalization principle. The Al{sub 86}Ni{sub 9}Y(La){sub 5} alloys present good GFA due to the combination of the two structural factors.

Wu, N. C. [College of Material and Metallurgy, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110004 (China); Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science, Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016 (China); Yan, M. [Queensland Centre for Advanced Materials Processing and Manufacturing (AMPAM), School of Mechanical and Mining Engineering, The University of Queensland, Brisbane (Australia); Zuo, L. [College of Material and Metallurgy, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110004 (China); Wang, J. Q., E-mail: jqwang@imr.ac.cn [Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science, Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016 (China)

2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

266

None of this work has been peer-reviewed Description of ongoing Mars work led by Edwin Kite (kite@berkeley.edu), listed from most mature to least  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

@berkeley.edu), listed from most mature to least mature. Overall approach is to use MRO data to divide the Early Mars atmosphere, and that most water vapor is cold-trapped as precipitation source. Thus. Snowmelt and sedimentary rocks ­ thick early atmosphere not required? The recently published MOC- NA

Kite, Edwin

267

Administrative Excellence Shaping Our Future Phase II Work Team Project Charter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of current policies and operations to support and enhance MRO supplies purchasing. · developing detailed or desired policies; conduct analysis and build business case content · Weeks 7 to 8 ­ Discuss business case and implementation plan; conduct additional analysis as required · Weeks 9 to 10 ­Finalize business case

Sheridan, Jennifer

268

Lee J Rickard Long Wavelength Array  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning ICD Interface Control Document ION Ionosphere ­ in WBS, refers Monitoring & Control System MMIC Monolithic Microwave Integrated Circuit MRO Magdalena Ridge Observatory Design Review CIC Cascaded IntegratorComb ­ a combination of FIR filter and decimator CME Coronal

Ellingson, Steven W.

269

www.adminexcellence.wisc.edu Status of Administrative Excellence Work Teams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

teams): April 26 Strategic Purchasing ­ Office Supplies: Recommendations were endorsed by the Advisory Committee and approved by the Steering Committee. April 26 Strategic Purchasing ­ Computer Bundles Purchasing ­ MRO Supplies: Recommendations were endorsed by the Advisory Committee and approved

Thiffeault, Jean-Luc

270

Final Report - Gas Retention and Release Tests Supporting the Concentrate Receipt Vessel (CRV-VSL-00002A/2B) Configuration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gas Retention and Release (GR and R) tests were performed in the scaled Concentrate Receipt Vessel (CRV) Test Stand at the Savannah River National Laboratory to validate the capability of candidate Hybrid-Mixing systems for the CRV to safely release hydrogen during normal and upset conditions. Hydrogen is generated in the radioactive waste as a result of natural and plant processes and must not be allowed to accumulate above flammability limits. Two types of tests were conducted. Gas holdup tests determined the steady state amount of gas accumulated in the simulant under normal PJM only or PJM plus sparging conditions. Gas release tests determined what operating conditions are necessary to fully release gas after a steady state gas fraction of 4 per cent tank volume or more was reached in the simulant.

GUERRERO, HECTOR

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Implications of changing natural gas prices in the United States electricity sector for SO2, NOX and life cycle GHG emissions: Supplementary Information  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/MJ = 59 kg CO2 e/MWh Combustion emissions at natural gas plant A in ERCOT: 500 kg CO2 e/MWh Annual = 59 kg CO2 e/MWh / 40% = 148 kg CO2 e/MWh Combustion emissions per MWh = 500 kg CO2 e/MWh Life cycle-level combustion emissions at fossil fuel plants in ERCOT, MISO and PJM. The red lines represent median values

Jaramillo, Paulina

272

NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. Ancillary Services in the United  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/ISOs Market Installed Capacity Miles of Transmission Population PJM 164,895 MW 56,499 51M MISO 146,497 MW 53 · Capacity Markets #12;5 Ancillary Services · Ancillary services can either be cost-based or market April 2013 NREL/PR6A2058554 #12;2 North American Energy Markets Source: ISO/RTO Council #12;3 U.S. RTOs

273

A reactive contingency analysis algorithm using MW and MVAR distribution factors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes an algorithm that can be used in analyzing reactive power flow contingencies. This approach uses MW distribution factors (DFAX) in conjunction with newly developed VAR distribution factors (RDFAX) to solve for the post-contingency bus voltage magnitude changes of an interconnecter EHV system. A prototype version of the algorithm described in this paper is presently being tested at the Pennsylvania-New Jersey-Maryland (PJM) interconnection office.

Taylor, D.G.; Maahs, L.J. (Pennsylvania-New Jersey-Maryland Interconnection, Norristown, PA (US))

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Forward capacity market CONEfusion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In ISO New England and PJM it was assumed that sponsors of new capacity projects would offer them into the newly established forward centralized capacity markets at prices based on their levelized net cost of new entry, or ''Net CONE.'' But the FCCMs have not operated in the way their proponents had expected. To clear up the CONEfusion, FCCM designs should be reconsidered to adapt them to the changing circumstances and to be grounded in realistic expectations of market conduct. (author)

Wilson, James F.

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

275

PROJECT BOEING SGS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Boeing and its partner, PJM Interconnection, teamed to bring advanced “defense-grade” technologies for cyber security to the US regional power grid through demonstration in PJM’s energy management environment. Under this cooperative project with the Department of Energy, Boeing and PJM have developed and demonstrated a host of technologies specifically tailored to the needs of PJM and the electric sector as a whole. The team has demonstrated to the energy industry a combination of processes, techniques and technologies that have been successfully implemented in the commercial, defense, and intelligence communities to identify, mitigate and continuously monitor the cyber security of critical systems. Guided by the results of a Cyber Security Risk-Based Assessment completed in Phase I, the Boeing-PJM team has completed multiple iterations through the Phase II Development and Phase III Deployment phases. Multiple cyber security solutions have been completed across a variety of controls including: Application Security, Enhanced Malware Detection, Security Incident and Event Management (SIEM) Optimization, Continuous Vulnerability Monitoring, SCADA Monitoring/Intrusion Detection, Operational Resiliency, Cyber Range simulations and hands on cyber security personnel training. All of the developed and demonstrated solutions are suitable for replication across the electric sector and/or the energy sector as a whole. Benefits identified include: • Improved malware and intrusion detection capability on critical SCADA networks including behavioral-based alerts resulting in improved zero-day threat protection • Improved Security Incident and Event Management system resulting in better threat visibility, thus increasing the likelihood of detecting a serious event • Improved malware detection and zero-day threat response capability • Improved ability to systematically evaluate and secure in house and vendor sourced software applications • Improved ability to continuously monitor and maintain secure configuration of network devices resulting in reduced vulnerabilities for potential exploitation • Improved overall cyber security situational awareness through the integration of multiple discrete security technologies into a single cyber security reporting console • Improved ability to maintain the resiliency of critical systems in the face of a targeted cyber attack of other significant event • Improved ability to model complex networks for penetration testing and advanced training of cyber security personnel

Bell, Thomas

2014-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

276

NIST cooperative laboratory for OSI routing technology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document is one of two reports on the Integrated ISIS protocol. Required by the IAB/IESG in order for an Internet routing protocol to advance to Draft Standard Status. Integrated ISIS is an Interior Gateway Protocol and is designed to carry both IP and ISO CLNP routing information. Integrated ISIS is currently designated as a Proposed Standard. The protocol was first published in RFC 1195. Internet Draft was published subsequently to RFC 1195 and documents the current version of the protocol. This report documents experience with Integrated ISIS. This includes reports on interoperability testing, field experience and the current state of Integrated ISIS implementations. It also presents a summary of the Integrated ISIS Management Information Base (MIB), and a summary of the Integrated ISIS authentication mechanism.

Montgomery, D.

1994-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

277

The Murchison Widefield Array Correlator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Murchison Widefield Array (MWA) is a Square Kilometre Array (SKA) Precursor. The telescope is located at the Murchison Radio--astronomy Observatory (MRO) in Western Australia (WA). The MWA consists of 4096 dipoles arranged into 128 dual polarisation aperture arrays forming a connected element interferometer that cross-correlates signals from all 256 inputs. A hybrid approach to the correlation task is employed, with some processing stages being performed by bespoke hardware, based on Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs), and others by Graphics Processing Units (GPUs) housed in general purpose rack mounted servers. The correlation capability required is approximately 8 TFLOPS (Tera FLoating point Operations Per Second). The MWA has commenced operations and the correlator is generating 8.3 TB/day of correlation products, that are subsequently transferred 700 km from the MRO to Perth (WA) in real-time for storage and offline processing. In this paper we outline the correlator design, signal path, and proce...

Ord, S M; Emrich, D; Pallot, D; Wayth, R B; Clark, M A; Tremblay, S E; Arcus, W; Barnes, D; Bell, M; Bernardi, G; Bhat, N D R; Bowman, J D; Briggs, F; Bunton, J D; Cappallo, R J; Corey, B E; Deshpande, A A; deSouza, L; Ewell-Wice, A; Feng, L; Goeke, R; Greenhill, L J; Hazelton, B J; Herne, D; Hewitt, J N; Hindson, L; Hurley-Walker, H; Jacobs, D; Johnston-Hollitt, M; Kaplan, D L; Kasper, J C; Kincaid, B B; Koenig, R; Kratzenberg, E; Kudryavtseva, N; Lenc, E; Lonsdale, C J; Lynch, M J; McKinley, B; McWhirter, S R; Mitchell, D A; Morales, M F; Morgan, E; Oberoi, D; Offringa, A; Pathikulangara, J; Pindor, B; Prabu, T; Procopio, P; Remillard, R A; Riding, J; Rogers, A E E; Roshi, A; Salah, J E; Sault, R J; Shankar, N Udaya; Srivani, K S; Stevens, J; Subrahmanyan, R; Tingay, S J; Waterson, M; Webster, R L; Whitney, A R; Williams, A; Williams, C L; Wyithe, J S B

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Correlation of atomic packing with the boson peak in amorphous alloys  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Boson peaks (BP) have been observed from phonon specific heats in 10 studied amorphous alloys. Two Einstein-type vibration modes were proposed in this work and all data can be fitted well. By measuring and analyzing local atomic structures of studied amorphous alloys and 56 reported amorphous alloys, it is found that (a) the BP originates from local harmonic vibration modes associated with the lengths of short-range order (SRO) and medium-range order (MRO) in amorphous alloys, and (b) the atomic packing in amorphous alloys follows a universal scaling law, i.e., the ratios of SRO and MRO lengths to solvent atomic diameter are 3 and 7, respectively, which exact match with length ratios of BP vibration frequencies to Debye frequency for the studied amorphous alloys. This finding provides a new perspective for atomic packing in amorphous materials, and has significant implications for quantitative description of the local atomic orders and understanding the structure-property relationship.

Yang, W. M. [State Key Laboratory for Geomechanics and Deep Underground Engineering, School of Mechanics and Civil Engineering, School of Sciences, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116 (China); Key Laboratory of Magnetic Materials and Devices, Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology and Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ningbo 315201 (China); School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 211189 (China); Liu, H. S., E-mail: liuhaishun@126.com, E-mail: blshen@seu.edu.cn, E-mail: runweili@nimte.ac.cn, E-mail: jiangjz@zju.edu.cn; Zhao, Y. C. [State Key Laboratory for Geomechanics and Deep Underground Engineering, School of Mechanics and Civil Engineering, School of Sciences, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116 (China); Liu, X. J. [State Key Laboratory for Advanced Metals and Materials, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083 (China); Chen, G. X.; Man, Q. K.; Chang, C. T.; Li, R. W., E-mail: liuhaishun@126.com, E-mail: blshen@seu.edu.cn, E-mail: runweili@nimte.ac.cn, E-mail: jiangjz@zju.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Magnetic Materials and Devices, Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology and Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ningbo 315201 (China); Dun, C. C. [Department of Physics, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, North Carolina 27109 (United States); Shen, B. L., E-mail: liuhaishun@126.com, E-mail: blshen@seu.edu.cn, E-mail: runweili@nimte.ac.cn, E-mail: jiangjz@zju.edu.cn [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 211189 (China); Inoue, A. [Key Laboratory of Magnetic Materials and Devices, Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology and Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ningbo 315201 (China); WPI Advanced Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); and others

2014-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

279

Property:EIA/861/NercSerc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine:Plug PowerAddressDataFormat JumpNercMro Jump to:

280

Property:Environmental Monitoring and Mitigation Efforts | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine:Plug PowerAddressDataFormat JumpNercMro Jump

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mro pjm rfc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Property:FIPS County Code | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine:Plug PowerAddressDataFormat JumpNercMro Jump Property

282

Property:FacilityStatus | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine:Plug PowerAddressDataFormat JumpNercMro Jump

283

Property:GeneratingCapacity | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine:Plug PowerAddressDataFormat JumpNercMro

284

Property:GeographicScope | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine:Plug PowerAddressDataFormat JumpNercMroURL. Pages

285

Property:Geothermal/AnnualGenGwhYr | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine:Plug PowerAddressDataFormat JumpNercMroURL.

286

Going nodal is proving neither cheap nor easy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The PJM Interconnection has been successfully using nodal pricing across its vast network to provide generators and customers with superior price signals. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) has been encouraging other independent system operators to use it. In 2003, the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) decided that it would be a good idea. But the effort to switch, scheduled for completion by the end of 2008, has turned out to be technically challenging and costly. Some officials believe that the nodal process is misguided.

NONE

2008-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

287

Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this study, we examine the arrangements for and experiences of end-use loads providing ancillary services (AS) in five electricity markets: Australia, the United Kingdom (UK), the Nordic market, and the ERCOT and PJM markets in the United States. Our objective in undertaking this review of international experience was to identify specific approaches or market designs that have enabled customer loads to effectively deliver various ancillary services (AS) products. We hope that this report will contribute to the ongoing discussion in the U.S. and elsewhere regarding what institutional and technical developments are needed to ensure that customer loads can meaningfully participate in all wholesale electricity markets.

Heffner, Grayson; Goldman, Charles; Kintner-Meyer, Michael

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of InternationalExperience-- Technical Appendix: Market Descriptions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this study, we examine the arrangements for andexperiences of end-use loads providing ancillary services (AS) in fiveelectricity markets: Australia, the United Kingdom (UK), the Nordicmarket, and the ERCOT and PJM markets in the United States. Our objectivein undertaking this review of international experience was to identifyspecific approaches or market designs that have enabled customer loads toeffectively deliver various ancillary services (AS) products. We hopethat this report will contribute to the ongoing discussion in the U.S.and elsewhere regarding what institutional and technical developments areneeded to ensure that customer loads can meaningfully participate in allwholesale electricity markets.

Grayson Heffner, Charles Goldman, Kintner-Meyer, M; Kirby, Brendan

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Observation of spin-wave dispersion in Nd-Fe-B magnets using neutron Brillouin scattering  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The low-energy spin-wave dispersion in polycrystalline Nd-Fe-B magnets was observed using neutron Brillouin scattering (NBS). Low-energy spin-wave excitations for the lowest acoustic spin-wave mode were clearly observed. From the spin-wave dispersion, we were able to determine the spin-wave stiffness constant D{sub sw} (100.0?±?4.9?meV.Ĺ{sup 2}) and the exchange stiffness constant A (6.6 ± 0.3 pJ/m)

Ono, K., E-mail: kanta.ono@kek.jp; Inami, N.; Saito, K.; Takeichi, Y.; Kawana, D.; Yokoo, T.; Itoh, S. [Institute of Materials Structure Science, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0801 (Japan); Yano, M.; Shoji, T.; Manabe, A.; Kato, A. [Toyota Motor Corporation, Toyota, Aichi 471-8571 (Japan); Kaneko, Y. [Toyota Central R and D Labs. Inc., Aichi 480-1192 (Japan)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

290

 

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:short version)ec 18271 www.pjm.com 2011 EIA

291

 

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:short version)ec 18271 www.pjm.com 2011 EIA2 1

292

 

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:short version)ec 18271 www.pjm.com 2011 EIA2 1

293

 

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:short version)ec 18271 www.pjm.com 2011 EIA2 18)

294

 

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:short version)ec 18271 www.pjm.com 2011 EIA2

295

 

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:short version)ec 18271 www.pjm.com 2011 EIA21)

296

 

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:short version)ec 18271 www.pjm.com 2011 EIA21)8)

297

 

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:short version)ec 18271 www.pjm.com 2011

298

 

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:short version)ec 18271 www.pjm.com 20111) June

299

PresidentÂ’s Report  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:short version)ec 18271 www.pjm.com 20111)

300

"Annual Coal Report  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:short version)ec 18271 www.pjm.com 20111)Annual

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mro pjm rfc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

"Annual Electric Power Industry Report (EIA-861 data file)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:short version)ec 18271 www.pjm.com

302

"Annual Electric Power Industry Report (EIA-861 data file)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:short version)ec 18271 www.pjm.comState

303

()  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:short version)ec 18271 www.pjm.comState4301601.1

304

* j o n p o J d V I 3 | B ! 0 ! U ° U B S B  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:short version)ec 18271 www.pjm.comState4301601.1*

305

1) E/ L I  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:short version)ec 18271 www.pjm.comState4301601.1*

306

Secure Information Exchange Gateway for Electric Grid Operations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The major objectives of the SIEGate project were to improve the security posture and minimize the cyber-attack surface of electric utility control centers and to reduce the cost of maintaining control-room-to-control-room information exchange. Major project goals included the design, development, testing, and commercialization of a single security-hardened appliance that could meet industry needs for resisting cyber-attacks while protecting the confidentiality and integrity of a growing volume of real-time information needed to ensure the reliability of the bulk electric system and interoperating with existing data formats and networking technologies. The SIEGate project has achieved its goals and objectives. The SIEGate Design Document, issued in March 2012, presented SIEGate use cases, provided SIEGate requirements, established SIEGate design principles, and prescribed design functionality of SIEGate as well as the components that make up SIEGate. SIEGate Release Version 1.0 was posted in January 2014. Release Version 1.0.83, which was posted on March 28, 2014, fixed many issues discovered by early adopters and added several new features. Release Candidate 1.1, which added additional improvements and bug fixes, was posted in June 2014. SIEGate executables have been downloaded more than 300 times. SIEGate has been tested at PJM, Entergy, TVA, and Southern. Security testing and analysis of SIEGate has been conducted at PNNL and PJM. Alstom has provided a summary of recommended steps for commercialization of the SIEGate Appliance and identified two deployment models with immediate commercial application.

Robertson, F.; Carroll, J.; Sanders, William; Yardley, Timothy; Heine, Erich; Hadley, Mark; McKinnon, David; Motteler, Barbara; Giri, Jay; Walker, William; McCartha, Esrick

2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

307

Scaling Laws for Reduced-Scale Tests of Pulse Jet Mixing Systems in Non-Newtonian Slurries: Mixing Cavern Behavior  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) under construction at the Hanford Site will use pulse jet mixer (PJM) technology for mixing and gas retention control applications in tanks expected to contain waste slurries exhibiting a non-Newtonian rheology. This paper presents the results of theoretical and experimental studies undertaken to establish a methodology to perform reduced-scale mixing tests with PJM systems in non-Newtonian fluids. A theoretical model for mixing cavern formation from steady and pulsed jets is developed and compared with data from a single unsteady jet in a yield stress simulant. Dimensional analysis is used to identify the important dimensionless parameters affecting mixing performance in more complex systems. Scaling laws are proposed based on the modeling and dimensional analysis. Experimental validation of the scaling laws governing unsteady jet mixing in non-Newtonian fluids are also presented. Tests were conducted at three scales using two non-Newtonian simulants. The data were compared non-dimensionally, and the important scale laws were confirmed. The key dimensionless parameters were found to be the Strouhal number (which describes unsteady pulse jet mixer operation), the yield Reynolds number (which governs cavern formation due to non-Newtonian fluid behavior), and the viscous Reynolds number (which determines the flow regime and the degree of turbulence). The experimentally validated scaling laws provide the basis for reduced scale testing of prototypic WTP mixing systems. It is argued that mixing systems developed from reduced scale testing will produce conservative designs at full scale.

Meyer, Perry A.; Kurath, Dean E.; Bamberger, Judith A.; Barnes, Steven M.; Etchells, Arthur W.

2006-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

308

Variance Analysis of Wind and Natural Gas Generation under Different Market Structures: Some Observations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Does large scale penetration of renewable generation such as wind and solar power pose economic and operational burdens on the electricity system? A number of studies have pointed to the potential benefits of renewable generation as a hedge against the volatility and potential escalation of fossil fuel prices. Research also suggests that the lack of correlation of renewable energy costs with fossil fuel prices means that adding large amounts of wind or solar generation may also reduce the volatility of system-wide electricity costs. Such variance reduction of system costs may be of significant value to consumers due to risk aversion. The analysis in this report recognizes that the potential value of risk mitigation associated with wind generation and natural gas generation may depend on whether one considers the consumer's perspective or the investor's perspective and whether the market is regulated or deregulated. We analyze the risk and return trade-offs for wind and natural gas generation for deregulated markets based on hourly prices and load over a 10-year period using historical data in the PJM Interconnection (PJM) from 1999 to 2008. Similar analysis is then simulated and evaluated for regulated markets under certain assumptions.

Bush, B.; Jenkin, T.; Lipowicz, D.; Arent, D. J.; Cooke, R.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Scaling Laws for Reduced-Scale Tests of Pulse Jet Mixing Systems in Non-Newtonian Slurries: Gas Retention and Release Behavior  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) under construction at the Hanford Site will use pulse jet mixer (PJM) technology for mixing and gas retention control applications in tanks expected to contain waste slurries exhibiting a non-Newtonian rheology. This paper presents the results of theoretical and experimental studies performed to establish the methodology to perform reduced-scale gas retention and release tests with PJM systems in non-Newtonian fluids with gas generation. The technical basis for scaled testing with unsteady jet mixing systems in gas-generating non-Newtonian fluids is presented in the form of a bubble migration model that accounts for the gas generation rate, the average bubble rise velocity, and the geometry of the vessel. Scaling laws developed from the model were validated with gas holdup and release tests conducted at three scales: large scale, 1/4 scale, and 1/9 scale. Experiments were conducted with two non-Newtonian simulants with in-situ gas generation by decomposition of hydrogen peroxide. The data were compared non-dimensionally, and the important scale laws were examined. From these results, scaling laws are developed which allow the design of mixing systems at a reduced scale.

Stewart, Charles W.; Meyer, Perry A.; Kurath, Dean E.; Barnes, Steven M.

2006-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

310

SCALED EXPERIMENTS EVALUATING PULSE JET MIXING OF SLURRIES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pulse jet mixing (PJM) tests with noncohesive solids in Newtonian liquid were conducted at three geometric scales to support the design of mixing systems for the Hanford Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant. The test data will be used to develop mixing models. The models predict the cloud height (the height to which solids will be lifted by the PJM action) and the critical suspension velocity (the minimum velocity needed to ensure all solids have been lifted from the floor. From the cloud height estimate, the concentration of solids near the vessel floor and the minimum velocity predicted to lift solids can be calculated. The test objective was to observe the influence of vertically downward-directed jets on noncohesive solids in a series of scaled tanks with several bottom shapes. The test tanks and bottom shapes included small-and large-scale tanks with elliptical bottoms, a mid-scale tank with a spherical bottom, and a large-scale tank with an F&D bottom. During testing, the downward-directed jets were operated in either a steady flow condition or a pulsed (periodic) flow condition. The mobilization of the solids resulting from the jets was evaluated based on: the motion/agitation of the particulate on the tank floor and the elevation the solids reach within the tank; the height the solids material reaches in the tank is referred to as the cloud height (HC).

Bamberger, Judith A.; Meyer, Perry A.; Enderlin, Carl W.; Fort, James A.; Wells, Beric E.; Minette, Michael J.; Burns, Carolyn A.; Baer, Ellen BK; Eakin, David E.; Elmore, Monte R.; Snyder, Sandra F.

2009-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

311

Overview of Pulse Jet Mixer/Hybrid Mixing System Development to Support the Hanford Waste Treatment Plant  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of River Protection's Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) will process and treat radioactive waste that is stored in underground tanks at the Hanford Site. Pulse jet mixer (PJM) technology was selected for mixing the contents of many of the process vessels. Several of the tanks are expected to contain concentrated slurries that exhibit a non-Newtonian rheology and the understanding required to apply this technology to mobilize the non-Newtonian slurries was not mature. Consequently, an experimental testing effort was undertaken to investigate PJM performance in several scaled versions of WTP vessels and to develop mixing system configurations that met WTP requirements. This effort evolved into a large, multifaceted test program involving many different test facilities. Elements of the test program included theoretical analysis, development and characterization of simulants, development of instrumentation and measurement techniques, hundreds of tests at various scales in numerous test stands, and data analysis and application. This program provided the technical basis for the selection of pulse jet mixers along with air spargers and steady jets generated by recirculation pumps to provide mixing systems for several of the vessels with non-Newtonian slurries. This paper provides an overview of the testing program and a summary of the key technical results that formed the technical basis of the final mixing system configurations to be used in the WTP.

Kurath, Dean E.; Meyer, Perry A.; Stewart, Charles W.; Barnes, Steven M.

2006-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

312

TELOMERIZATION OF 3,3,3-TRIFLUOROPROP-1-ENE AND FUNCTIONALIZATION OF ITS TELOMERS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the n- C6F13 radical. Then, the telomers reacted with allyl acetate yielding RF(C3H3F3) nCH2CH(I)CH2,3,3-trifluoroprop-1-ene telomers (RF -(C3H3F3)nI, n=1, 2 , RF = n-C6F13- or (CF3)2CF-) and their allyl derivatives RF -(C3H3F3)nCH2CH=CH2 are presented. The allyl telomers were prepared by a three-step reaction

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

313

Property:EIA/861/NercWecc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine:Plug PowerAddressDataFormat JumpNercMro Jump to:NercWecc Jump to:

314

Property:Email | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine:Plug PowerAddressDataFormat JumpNercMro Jump to:NercWecc Jump

315

Property:EnergyPurchaser | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine:Plug PowerAddressDataFormat JumpNercMro Jump to:NercWecc

316

Property:ExplorationGroup | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine:Plug PowerAddressDataFormat JumpNercMro Jump Property Name

317

Property:FERC License Docket Number | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine:Plug PowerAddressDataFormat JumpNercMro Jump Property NameDocket

318

Property:Full-Scale Test | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine:Plug PowerAddressDataFormat JumpNercMro JumpFull-Scale Test Jump

319

Property:GRR/SubsectionElementNumber | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine:Plug PowerAddressDataFormat JumpNercMro JumpFull-Scale Test

320

Property:GenDelToGrid | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine:Plug PowerAddressDataFormat JumpNercMro JumpFull-Scale

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mro pjm rfc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Property:GeoNames URL | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine:Plug PowerAddressDataFormat JumpNercMroURL. Pages using the

322

Property:GeofluidGeosteamFlowRate | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine:Plug PowerAddressDataFormat JumpNercMroURL. Pages using

323

Property:Geothermal/AnnualGenBtuYr | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine:Plug PowerAddressDataFormat JumpNercMroURL. PagesAnnualGenBtuYr

324

Property:Geothermal/AwardeeCostShare | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine:Plug PowerAddressDataFormat JumpNercMroURL.AwardeeCostShare Jump

325

Property:Geothermal/CapacityBtuHr | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine:Plug PowerAddressDataFormat JumpNercMroURL.AwardeeCostShare

326

FINAL REPORT UFP RESTART AND SPARGER TESTING  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Following a Design Basis Event (DBE), potential plugging of the PJM systems is highly probable after air compressors and/or electric power become unavailable for up to 100 hrs. Under such conditions, the rheologically bounding yield stress of the pretreated sludge simulant could reach 300-625 Pa. (Defined in WTP-RPP-100, Rev. 0, Sec. 6.1. [1] and WTP-RPP-98, Rev. 0, Secs. 5.1 and 5.2 [2].) The tests covered under this report are conservative since this range of bounding yield stress is based on the settled solids component in the tank. Also, note that CCN 065607 states that the design basis is 70 Pa for 'gelled material' over the entire tank. Three issues must be addressed by these tests: (1) Determine the required pressure and air flow to overcome the plugged sparger tube resistance following a DBE event. (2) Can the UFP PJMs be restarted with or without assistance from air spargers? (3) Show that solids can be mixed by air spargers following a DBE to allow generated hydrogen gas to rise and be vented to the vessel head space. This is to limit hydrogen concentrations below LFL level. In the first test, a full-scale sparger was simulated by a 2-inch dia. Schedule 160 pipe, installed in an 18-inch diameter plastic tank, 37-foot high (full scale height), 6-inch from the bottom. The bottom 5-ft. lower section was clear to facilitate visual observations. Two simulants were used: a 120 Pa Laponite solution and a 30 Pa/30 cP kaolin:bentonite clay mixture, which filled the tank to the 32-foot level. The first test with 120 Pa Laponite demonstrated breakthrough at an air pressure of 14.6 psig. The second test with the clay simulant resulted in breakthrough at 16.7 psig. Given the specific gravities of these simulants, the breakthrough pressures are very close to the hydrostatic pressures corresponding to the simulant elevations inside the sparger. The CRV test stand at the Engineering Development Laboratory, SRNL, was used to simulate the UFP at 1/4-scale, where the tank diameter was 40.5-inches. The simulant was a 30 Pa/30 cP kaolin:bentonite mixture loaded with 3.3 wt% dry laponite, which successfully achieved a 596 Pa yield stress (vane method) after 14 hrs. However, it apparently had a thicker consistency than the 30 Pa/30 cP rheology of real waste under flowing conditions. The vessel was filled to a H/D of 1.38 and the PJMs were initially filled to approximately full height (39-inch). During the initial drive phase, starting from the full PJM level, application of the same PJM air pressure during normal operation did push the gelled simulant the full travel distance. But on the refill or suction phase, the maximum simulant height in the PJM was only about a third (9.2-inch) of the original travel (27-inch). After 20 cycles of PJM operation only, air sparging, starting at 7 scfm, increasing to 10 scfm was introduced. This increased the PJM drive distance to a stable value of 64% of the full travel after 327 cycles. Visual observation suggests that the simulant was moving up and down as a solid plug and that the cavern may be very limited. Thus, air sparging did not reestablish full PJM operation, but this could be due to the higher consistency of the simulant as compared to the actual waste. A third test utilized 5 mm glass beads deposited at the bottom of the CRV vessel, which was filled with water. Enough glass beads were added to cover the tank bottom surface with a one-bead-thick layer. Based on empirical correlations, the glass beads simulate the behavior of solid particles in the waste. Two spargers were tested: a 2-inch dia. Sch. 160 pipe with straight end, and a 2-inch dia. Sch. 160 pipe with 4 (45 deg) notches around the perimeter, 3/4-inch deep. The objectives were to determine the required distance between the sparger end and the vessel bottom, air pressures, and air flows required to lift the glass beads off the vessel bottom. The test started with the spargers 6 inches from the bottom. For the flat faced sparger, no lifting was observed up to 50 scfm. Liftoff was observed only when the sparger end was 1-inch off

Guerrero, H; Michael Restivo, M

2004-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

327

Review of the Structure of Bulk Power Markets Grid of the Future White Paper  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper is intended to provide an understanding of the needs of a restructured electricity market and some of the market methods and systems that have developed to address those needs. Chapter 2 discusses the historic market framework of vertically integrated utilities. Chapter 3 introduces the changes to the vertically integrated utility brought about by restructuring. It discusses generation and transmission planning, control and the regulatory process. It also summarizes reliability, security and adequacy. Chapter 4 discusses the basic structures of generation and transmission markets along with transmission-congestion contracts (TCCs) and transmission pricing principles. A discussion is given of the 12 ancillary services needed to reliably operate the power system. Chapter 4 also deals with the role of transmission in opening up markets to competition. In California increments (incs) and decrements (decs) are bid to overcome price differences in different zones caused by congestion. In PJM, any member can purchase Fixed Transmission Rights (FTRs) which allows the member to ''collect rent'' on congested lines and essentially obtain a hedge against congestion. There has been a worrisome slowdown in the growth of the transmission system in the United States since about the mid 70's. However, there are methods for providing incentives for construction of new transmission using tariffs. The California and PJM transmission planning processes are outlined. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) has recently issued a proposed rulemaking on Regional Transmission Organizations (RTOs) which stated that the traditional methods of grid management are showing signs of strain and may be inadequate to support efficient and reliable transmission operations. Chapter 5 provides examples of market implementations and a discussion of the price spikes seen in the Midwest in the summers of 1998 and 1999. An examination of six restructured market systems is performed in some detail. The systems are California, PJM (Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Maryland), New England, United Kingdom (UK), Alberta, and Australia. Finally, there is a discussion of the price spikes that occurred in the Midwest this summer from the viewpoint of market performance. Chapter 6 deals with the concept of load as a resource. This is a novel idea that holds tremendous promise as technological advances permit real time control of loads based on the user's economic criteria. The user may be willing to curtail operations for some period of time when the spot price reaches a certain level, or the user may be willing to sell ancillary services to the system. Chapter 7 outlines the research needs presented by a restructured industry and the vital federal role in meeting these needs. Without federal participation, research to advance the public good will not be performed by an industry now focused on profit. Chapter 8 provides a summary and concluding remarks.

Kirby, B.J.

2000-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

328

Implications of Regional Transmission Organization Design for Renewable Energy Technologies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the development of Regional Transmission Organizations (RTOs) and assesses the potential implications of market rules for renewable energy technologies. The report focuses on scheduling provisions, as these have proved problematic in some cases for intermittent renewable energy technologies. Market rules of four RTOs-the Pennsylvania-Maryland-New Jersey ISO, the ERCOT ISO, the Midwest ISO and the New York ISO (NYISO)-were examined to determine the impact on intermittent renewable energy projects such as wind energy generators. Also, a more general look was taken at how biomass power may fare in RTOs, specifically whether these technologies can participate in ancillary service markets. Lastly, an assessment was made regarding the implications for renewable energy technologies of a Northeast-wide RTO that would combine the three existing Northeast ISOs (the aforementioned PJM and NYISOs, as well as ISO New England).

Porter, K.

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Updated Eastern Interconnect Wind Power Output and Forecasts for ERGIS: July 2012  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

AWS Truepower, LLC (AWST) was retained by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to update wind resource, plant output, and wind power forecasts originally produced by the Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study (EWITS). The new data set was to incorporate AWST's updated 200-m wind speed map, additional tall towers that were not included in the original study, and new turbine power curves. Additionally, a primary objective of this new study was to employ new data synthesis techniques developed for the PJM Renewable Integration Study (PRIS) to eliminate diurnal discontinuities resulting from the assimilation of observations into mesoscale model runs. The updated data set covers the same geographic area, 10-minute time resolution, and 2004?2006 study period for the same onshore and offshore (Great Lakes and Atlantic coast) sites as the original EWITS data set.

Pennock, K.

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Pulse Jet Mixing Tests With Noncohesive Solids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes results from pulse jet mixing (PJM) tests with noncohesive solids in Newtonian liquid. The tests were conducted during FY 2007 and 2008 to support the design of mixing systems for the Hanford Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP). Tests were conducted at three geometric scales using noncohesive simulants, and the test data were used to develop models predicting two measures of mixing performance for full-scale WTP vessels. The models predict the cloud height (the height to which solids will be lifted by the PJM action) and the critical suspension velocity (the minimum velocity needed to ensure all solids are suspended off the floor, though not fully mixed). From the cloud height, the concentration of solids at the pump inlet can be estimated. The predicted critical suspension velocity for lifting all solids is not precisely the same as the mixing requirement for 'disturbing' a sufficient volume of solids, but the values will be similar and closely related. These predictive models were successfully benchmarked against larger scale tests and compared well with results from computational fluid dynamics simulations. The application of the models to assess mixing in WTP vessels is illustrated in examples for 13 distinct designs and selected operational conditions. The values selected for these examples are not final; thus, the estimates of performance should not be interpreted as final conclusions of design adequacy or inadequacy. However, this work does reveal that several vessels may require adjustments to design, operating features, or waste feed properties to ensure confidence in operation. The models described in this report will prove to be valuable engineering tools to evaluate options as designs are finalized for the WTP. Revision 1 refines data sets used for model development and summarizes models developed since the completion of Revision 0.

Meyer, Perry A.; Bamberger, Judith A.; Enderlin, Carl W.; Fort, James A.; Wells, Beric E.; Sundaram, S. K.; Scott, Paul A.; Minette, Michael J.; Smith, Gary L.; Burns, Carolyn A.; Greenwood, Margaret S.; Morgen, Gerald P.; Baer, Ellen BK; Snyder, Sandra F.; White, Michael K.; Piepel, Gregory F.; Amidan, Brett G.; Heredia-Langner, Alejandro

2012-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

331

On convergence of an iterative technique for solution of the implicit relationship between variables in the equations for moist convection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

N)+M+ Sa (37) (3) a a (O) e a (O) and D) (3S~ R~ R~ ) Ds + (Ss 38~ R~ ) D) + (Ry M + Sr N)+N+ Sa (38) Ifn=3 Dq ? (Sg -6S R +Rq) Dq ? (4S~R~ - 4Sa R') D) + ~(Sj R~)M (2SyR~)N] + (SyM RyN) + M + Sa (39) and 12 D~ = (4SI3RI - I R ) Dk + (Sl ? 6SIRj... CONTINUE )rR I TE ( 6 r 9) I rRR ~ R ( rFC( I ) 9 FORFAT (Tier 'DR( ' r IZr ) r T3lrEl ~ 6 r(R ( TE (6 ~ I I ) I r IF, ( I, IC ( ( ) ll FOR& AT(Tle, rn I(' l2, ') ', T31, El4. 6, T6l, f14. 6, T9[, E14. 6) 200 CONTINUE 119o CONT(NUE RETURN ENO FUNCT...

Perry, Richard Allan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

332

Eight-year Climatology of Dust Optical Depth on Mars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have produced a multiannual climatology of airborne dust from Martian year 24 to 31 using multiple datasets of retrieved or estimated column optical depths. The datasets are based on observations of the Martian atmosphere from April 1999 to July 2013 made by different orbiting instruments: the Thermal Emission Spectrometer (TES) aboard Mars Global Surveyor, the Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) aboard Mars Odyssey, and the Mars Climate Sounder (MCS) aboard Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO). The procedure we have adopted consists of gridding the available retrievals of column dust optical depth (CDOD) from TES and THEMIS nadir observations, as well as the estimates of this quantity from MCS limb observations. Our gridding method calculates averages and uncertainties on a regularly spaced, but possibly incomplete, spatio-temporal grid, using an iterative procedure weighted in space, time, and retrieval uncertainty. In order to evaluate strengths and weaknesses of the resulting gridded maps, we validat...

Montabone, L; Millour, E; Wilson, R J; Lewis, S R; Cantor, B A; Kass, D; Kleinboehl, A; Lemmon, M; Smith, M D; Wolff, M J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Cataclysmic Variables from SDSS I. The First Results  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The commissioning year of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey has demonstrated that many cataclysmic variables have been missed in previous surveys with brighter limits. We report the identification of 22 cataclysmic variables, of which 19 are new discoveries and 3 are known systems (SW UMa, BH Lyn and Vir4). A compendium of positions, colors and characteristics of these systems obtained from the SDSS photometry and spectroscopy is presented along with data obtained during follow-up studies with the Apache Point Observatory (APO) and Manastash Ridge Observatory (MRO) telescopes. We have determined orbital periods for 3 of the new systems: two show dwarf nova outbursts, and the third is a likely magnetic system with eclipses of its region of line emission. Based on these results, we expect the completed survey to locate at least 400 new CVs. Most of these will be faint systems with low accretion rates that will provide new constraints on binary evolution models.

Szkody, P; Agüeros, M A; Covarrubias, R; Bentz, M; Hawley, S; Margon, B; Voges, W; Henden, A A; Knapp, G R; Vanden Berk, Daniel E; Rest, A; Miknaitis, G; Magnier, E; Brinkmann, J; Csabai, I; Harvanek, M J; Hindsley, R; Hennessy, G S; Ivezic, Z; Kleinman, S J; Lamb, D Q; Long, D; Newman, P R; Neilsen, E H; Nichol, R C; Nitta, A; Schneider, D P; Snedden, S A; York, D G

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Soils of Bell, Jefferson, Smith, Taylor and Webb Counties.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) L. M. MuRPHY, Wool Specialist ENTOMOLOGY M. C. TANQUARY, Ph. D., Chief; State Entomologist H. J. REINHARD, B. S., Entomologist H. B. PARKS, B . S., Apiculturist C. S. RuDE, B S , Entomologist A. H. ALEX, B . S., Queen Breeder W. P . TRICE, B... - P1o.5j7hOr/c AGi:l c=::::J hlz::l.s-h fllil]j M/ro/1?17 hj'- I !ZO /60 zoo Figure 1. Number of cr.ops of 40 bushels corn which the plant food in two million pounds would produce. less likely to cause sourness. Grazing off the crop is better...

Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

1922-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

PROPERTIES IMPORTANT TO MIXING FOR WTP LARGE SCALE INTEGRATED TESTING  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Large Scale Integrated Testing (LSIT) is being planned by Bechtel National, Inc. to address uncertainties in the full scale mixing performance of the Hanford Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP). Testing will use simulated waste rather than actual Hanford waste. Therefore, the use of suitable simulants is critical to achieving the goals of the test program. External review boards have raised questions regarding the overall representativeness of simulants used in previous mixing tests. Accordingly, WTP requested the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) to assist with development of simulants for use in LSIT. Among the first tasks assigned to SRNL was to develop a list of waste properties that matter to pulse-jet mixer (PJM) mixing of WTP tanks. This report satisfies Commitment 5.2.3.1 of the Department of Energy Implementation Plan for Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board Recommendation 2010-2: physical properties important to mixing and scaling. In support of waste simulant development, the following two objectives are the focus of this report: (1) Assess physical and chemical properties important to the testing and development of mixing scaling relationships; (2) Identify the governing properties and associated ranges for LSIT to achieve the Newtonian and non-Newtonian test objectives. This includes the properties to support testing of sampling and heel management systems. The test objectives for LSIT relate to transfer and pump out of solid particles, prototypic integrated operations, sparger operation, PJM controllability, vessel level/density measurement accuracy, sampling, heel management, PJM restart, design and safety margin, Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Verification and Validation (V and V) and comparison, performance testing and scaling, and high temperature operation. The slurry properties that are most important to Performance Testing and Scaling depend on the test objective and rheological classification of the slurry (i.e., Newtonian or non-Newtonian). The most important properties for testing with Newtonian slurries are the Archimedes number distribution and the particle concentration. For some test objectives, the shear strength is important. In the testing to collect data for CFD V and V and CFD comparison, the liquid density and liquid viscosity are important. In the high temperature testing, the liquid density and liquid viscosity are important. The Archimedes number distribution combines effects of particle size distribution, solid-liquid density difference, and kinematic viscosity. The most important properties for testing with non-Newtonian slurries are the slurry yield stress, the slurry consistency, and the shear strength. The solid-liquid density difference and the particle size are also important. It is also important to match multiple properties within the same simulant to achieve behavior representative of the waste. Other properties such as particle shape, concentration, surface charge, and size distribution breadth, as well as slurry cohesiveness and adhesiveness, liquid pH and ionic strength also influence the simulant properties either directly or through other physical properties such as yield stress.

Koopman, D.; Martino, C.; Poirier, M.

2012-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

336

Pulse Jet Mixing Tests With Noncohesive Solids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes results from pulse jet mixing (PJM) tests with noncohesive solids in Newtonian liquid conducted during FY 2007 and 2008 to support the design of mixing systems for the Hanford Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP). Tests were conducted at three geometric scales using noncohesive simulants. The test data were used to independently develop mixing models that can be used to predict full-scale WTP vessel performance and to rate current WTP mixing system designs against two specific performance requirements. One requirement is to ensure that all solids have been disturbed during the mixing action, which is important to release gas from the solids. The second requirement is to maintain a suspended solids concentration below 20 weight percent at the pump inlet. The models predict the height to which solids will be lifted by the PJM action, and the minimum velocity needed to ensure all solids have been lifted from the floor. From the cloud height estimate we can calculate the concentration of solids at the pump inlet. The velocity needed to lift the solids is slightly more demanding than "disturbing" the solids, and is used as a surrogate for this metric. We applied the models to assess WTP mixing vessel performance with respect to the two perform¬ance requirements. Each mixing vessel was evaluated against these two criteria for two defined waste conditions. One of the wastes was defined by design limits and one was derived from Hanford waste characterization reports. The assessment predicts that three vessel types will satisfy the design criteria for all conditions evaluated. Seven vessel types will not satisfy the performance criteria used for any of the conditions evaluated. The remaining three vessel types provide varying assessments when the different particle characteristics are evaluated. The assessment predicts that three vessel types will satisfy the design criteria for all conditions evaluated. Seven vessel types will not satisfy the performance criteria used for any of the conditions evaluated. The remaining three vessel types provide varying assessments when the different particle characteristics are evaluated. The HLP-022 vessel was also evaluated using 12 m/s pulse jet velocity with 6-in. nozzles, and this design also did not satisfy the criteria for all of the conditions evaluated.

Meyer, Perry A.; Bamberger, Judith A.; Enderlin, Carl W.; Fort, James A.; Wells, Beric E.; Sundaram, S. K.; Scott, Paul A.; Minette, Michael J.; Smith, Gary L.; Burns, Carolyn A.; Greenwood, Margaret S.; Morgen, Gerald P.; Baer, Ellen BK; Snyder, Sandra F.; White, Michael; Piepel, Gregory F.; Amidan, Brett G.; Heredia-Langner, Alejandro; Bailey, Sharon A.; Bower, John C.; Denslow, Kayte M.; Eakin, David E.; Elmore, Monte R.; Gauglitz, Phillip A.; Guzman, Anthony D.; Hatchell, Brian K.; Hopkins, Derek F.; Hurley, David E.; Johnson, Michael D.; Kirihara, Leslie J.; Lawler, Bruce D.; Loveland, Jesse S.; Mullen, O Dennis; Pekour, Mikhail S.; Peters, Timothy J.; Robinson, Peter J.; Russcher, Michael S.; Sande, Susan; Santoso, Christian; Shoemaker, Steven V.; Silva, Steve M.; Smith, Devin E.; Su, Yin-Fong; Toth, James J.; Wiberg, John D.; Yu, Xiao-Ying; Zuljevic, Nino

2009-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

337

Quantitative Assessment of Distributed Energy Resource Benefits  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Distributed energy resources (DER) offer many benefits, some of which are readily quantified. Other benefits, however, are less easily quantifiable because they may require site-specific information about the DER project or analysis of the electrical system to which the DER is connected. The purpose of this study is to provide analytical insight into several of the more difficult calculations, using the PJM power pool as an example. This power pool contains most of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Maryland, and Delaware. The techniques used here could be applied elsewhere, and the insights from this work may encourage various stakeholders to more actively pursue DER markets or to reduce obstacles that prevent the full realization of its benefits. This report describes methodologies used to quantify each of the benefits listed in Table ES-1. These methodologies include bulk power pool analyses, regional and national marginal cost evaluations, as well as a more traditional cost-benefit approach for DER owners. The methodologies cannot however determine which stakeholder will receive the benefits; that must be determined by regulators and legislators, and can vary from one location to another.

Hadley, S.W.

2003-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

338

Determining the Capacity Value of Wind: A Survey of Methods and Implementation; Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper focuses on methodologies for determining the capacity value of generating resources, including wind energy and summarizes several important state and regional studies. Regional transmission organizations, state utility regulatory commissions, the North American Electric Reliability Council, regional reliability councils, and increasingly, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission all advocate, call for, or in some instances, require that electric utilities and competitive power suppliers not only have enough generating capacity to meet customer demand but also have generating capacity in reserve in case customer demand is higher than expected, or if a generator or transmission line goes out of service. Although the basic concept is the same across the country, how it is implemented is strikingly different from region to region. Related to this question is whether wind energy qualifies as a capacity resource. Wind's variability makes this a matter of great debate in some regions. However, many regions accept that wind energy has some capacity value, albeit at a lower value than other energy technologies. Recently, studies have been published in California, Minnesota and New York that document that wind energy has some capacity value. These studies join other initiatives in PJM, Colorado, and in other states and regions.

Milligan, M.; Porter, K.

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Potential market penetration of IGCC in the northeast United States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study examines IGCC market penetration potential for baseload power generation in the Northeast US, an important market area for IGCC because of the existing coal generation infrastructure and its proximity to coal producing regions. Three utility power pools supply most of the power for this region. They are the Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Maryland Power Pool (PJM), the New York Power Pool (NYPP), and the New England Power Exchange (NEPEX). The CONSOL Regional Compliance Model (RCM) was configured to evaluate the power market in the northeast region of the US IGCC was evaluated both as a replacement option for existing power plants and as a new capacity option to satisfy load growth requirements. Using the bus bar cost of electricity as the deciding factor, the RCM considers generation technologies and fuel options to supply power taking into account load projections, emission costs, fuel price projections, plant performance, and capital and operating cost estimates. The emission costs, in the form of a tax or allowance price (or another equivalent mechanism), consider CO{sub 2}, SO{sub 2}, and NO{sub x} emissions.

Gray, D.; Tomlinson, G.; Hawk, E.; Maskew, J.

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Method and Case Study for Estimating the Ramping Capability of a Control Area or Balancing Authority and Implications for Moderate or High Wind Penetration: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In several regions of the United States there has been a significant increase in wind generation capability over the past several years. As the penetration rate of wind capacity increases, grid operators and planners are increasingly concerned about accommodating the increased variability that wind contributes to the system. In this paper we examine the distinction between regulation, load following, hourly energy, and energy imbalance to understand how restructured power systems accommodate and value inter-hour ramps. We use data from two restructured markets, California and PJM, and from Western Area Power Administration's (WAPA's) Rocky Mountain control area to determine expected load-following capability in each region. Our approach is to examine the load-following capability that currently exists using data from existing generators in the region. We then examine the levels of wind penetration that can be accommodated with this capability using recently collected wind farm data. We discuss how load-following costs are captured in restructured markets, what resources are available to meet these requirements, why there are no explicit load-following tariffs, and the societal importance of being able to access generator ramping capability. Finally, the implications for wind plants and wind integration costs are examined.

Kirby, B.; Milligan, M.

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

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341

Spectrometric Analysis for Pulse Jet Mixer Testing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Analytical Development Section (ADS) was tasked with providing support for a Hanford River Protection Program-Waste Treatment Program (RPP-WTP) project test involving absorption analysis for non-Newtonian pulse jet mixer testing for small scale (PJM) and prototype (CRV) tanks with sparging. Tanks filled with clay were mixed with various amounts of powdered dye as a tracer. The objective of the entire project was to determine the best mixing protocol (nozzle velocity, number of spargers used, total air flow, etc.) by determining the percent mixed volume through the use of an ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectrometer. The dye concentration within the sample could be correlated to the volume fraction mixed in the tank. Samples were received in vials, a series of dilutions were generated from the clay, allowed to equilibrate, then centrifuged and siphoned for the supernate liquid to analyze by absorption spectroscopy. Equilibration of the samples and thorough mixing of the samples were a continuous issue with dilution curves being difficult to obtain. Despite these technical issues, useful data was obtained for evaluation of various mix conditions.

ZEIGLER, KRISTINE

2004-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

342

EFFECTS OF ALTERNATE ANTIFOAM AGENTS, NOBLE METALS, MIXING SYSTEMS AND MASS TRANSFER ON GAS HOLDUP AND RELEASE FROM NONNEWTONIAN SLURRIES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gas holdup tests performed in a small-scale mechanically-agitated mixing system at the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) were reported in 2006. The tests were for a simulant of waste from the Hanford Tank 241-AZ-101 and featured additions of DOW Corning Q2-3183A Antifoam agent. Results indicated that this antifoam agent (AFA) increased gas holdup in the waste simulant by about a factor of four and, counter intuitively, that the holdup increased as the simulant shear strength decreased (apparent viscosity decreased). These results raised questions about how the AFA might affect gas holdup in Hanford Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) vessels mixed by air sparging and pulse-jet mixers (PJMs). And whether the WTP air supply system being designed would have the capacity to handle a demand for increased airflow to operate the sparger-PJM mixing systems should the AFA increase retention of the radiochemically generated flammable gases in the waste by making the gas bubbles smaller and less mobile, or decrease the size of sparger bubbles making them mix less effectively for a given airflow rate. A new testing program was developed to assess the potential effects of adding the DOW Corning Q2-3183A AFA to WTP waste streams by first confirming the results of the work reported in 2006 by Stewart et al. and then determining if the AFA in fact causes such increased gas holdup in a prototypic sparger-PJM mixing system, or if the increased holdup is just a feature of the small-scale agitation system. Other elements of the new program include evaluating effects other variables could have on gas holdup in systems with AFA additions such as catalysis from trace noble metals in the waste, determining mass transfer coefficients for the AZ-101 waste simulant, and determining whether other AFA compositions such as Dow Corning 1520-US could also increase gas holdup in Hanford waste. This new testing program was split into two investigations, prototypic sparger-PJM tests and modeling being conducted at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), and small-scale agitation tests and evaluations of effects waste and AFA ingredients have on gas retention and mass transfer being conducted at SRNL. Only work conducted at SRNL is reported here. Key results are: (1) The unexpected gas holdup behavior reported in 2006 for a small-scale agitation system is confirmed. The gas holdup data from small-scale and bench-scale impeller-type mixing systems reported herein show very different trends than the behavior exhibited by the prototypic sparger-PJM mixing system tested in the PNNL APEL facility. Results obtained from testing this 1/4-scale prototypic mixing system will be reported by PNNL. The reason for this difference in holdup behavior between the two different mixing systems is not known at this time. Consequently, data from the small mechanical agitation systems should not be extrapolated to prototypic plant conditions. (2) Bench-scale and small-scale tests conducted with Dow Corning 1520-US AFA show it to be a viable replacement to Dow Corning Q2-3183A AFA. This alternative AFA will, however, require significantly higher dosage (concentration) to perform the same antifoam function. (3) Addition of noble metals to the AZ-101 waste simulant does not produce a catalytic gas retention effect with the AFA. The Gas holdup is similar whether or not noble metals are present in the AZ-101 simulant. (4) Mass transfer tests were performed in a large (0.76 m diameter) bubble column filled to 1.3, 3.4, and 7.4 m elevations with water and the AZ-101 waste simulant. Mass transfer coefficients for air bubbles emanating from a prototypic 0.051 m diameter sparger were obtained from the transient decay of dissolved oxygen concentration in the initially saturated fluids. Adding AFA to water reduces the mass transfer coefficient slightly. AFA addition reduces the mass transfer coefficient for AZ-101 simulant more than it does for water because the shear strength of the simulant allows for larger bubble sizes, and larger bubbles have smaller surf

Guerrero, H; Mark Fowley, M; Charles Crawford, C; Michael Restivo, M; Robert Leishear, R

2007-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

343

Near-term implications of a ban on new coal-fired power plants in the United States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Large numbers of proposed new coal power generators in the United States have been cancelled, and some states have prohibited new coal power generators. We examine the effects on the U.S. electric power system of banning the construction of coal-fired electricity generators, which has been proposed as a means to reduce U.S. CO{sub 2} emissions. The model simulates load growth, resource planning, and economic dispatch of the Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator (ISO), Inc., Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT), and PJM under a ban on new coal generation and uses an economic dispatch model to calculate the resulting changes in dispatch order, CO{sub 2} emissions, and fuel use under three near-term (until 2030) future electric power sector scenarios. A national ban on new coal-fired power plants does not lead to CO{sub 2} reductions of the scale required under proposed federal legislation such as Lieberman-Warner but would greatly increase the fraction of time when natural gas sets the price of electricity, even with aggressive wind and demand response policies. 50 refs., 5 figs., 4 tabs.

Adam Newcomer; Jay Apt [Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA (United States). Carnegie Mellon Electricity Industry Center

2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

344

Evaluation of Foaming and Antifoam Effectiveness During the WTP Oxidative Leaching Process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The River Protection Project-Waste Treatment Plant (RPP-WTP) requested Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) to conduct small-scale foaming and antifoam testing using a Hanford waste simulant subjected to air sparging during oxidative leaching. The foaminess of Hanford tank waste solutions was previously demonstrated by SRNL during WTP evaporator foaming studies and in small scale air sparger studies. The commercial antifoam, Dow Corning Q2-3183A was recommended to mitigate the foam in the evaporators and in vessel equipped with pulse jet mixers and air spargers. Currently, WTP is planning to use air spargers in the HLW Lag Storage Vessels (HLP-VSL-00027A/B), the Ultrafiltration Vessels (UFP-VSL-00002A&B), and the HLW Feed Blend Vessel (HLPVSL-00028) to assist the performance of the Pulse Jet Mixers (PJM). The previous air sparger antifoam studies conducted by SRNL researchers did not evaluate the hydrogen generation rate expected from antifoam additions or the effectiveness of the antifoam during caustic leaching or oxidative leaching. The fate of the various antifoam components and breakdown products in the WTP process under prototypic process conditions (temperature & radiation) was also not investigated. The effectiveness of the antifoam during caustic leaching, expected hydrogen generation rate associated with antifoam addition, and the fate of various antifoam components are being conducted under separate SRNL research tasks.

Burket, P. R.; Jones, T. M.; White, T. L.; Crawford, C. L.; Calloway, T. B

2005-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

345

Short run effects of a price on carbon dioxide emissions from U.S. electric generators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The price of delivered electricity will rise if generators have to pay for carbon dioxide emissions through an implicit or explicit mechanism. There are two main effects that a substantial price on CO{sub 2} emissions would have in the short run (before the generation fleet changes significantly). First, consumers would react to increased price by buying less, described by their price elasticity of demand. Second, a price on CO{sub 2} emissions would change the order in which existing generators are economically dispatched, depending on their carbon dioxide emissions and marginal fuel prices. Both the price increase and dispatch changes depend on the mix of generation technologies and fuels in the region available for dispatch, although the consumer response to higher prices is the dominant effect. We estimate that the instantaneous imposition of a price of $35 per metric ton on CO{sub 2} emissions would lead to a 10% reduction in CO{sub 2} emissions in PJM and MISO at a price elasticity of -0.1. Reductions in ERCOT would be about one-third as large. Thus, a price on CO{sub 2} emissions that has been shown in earlier work to stimulate investment in new generation technology also provides significant CO{sub 2} reductions before new technology is deployed at large scale. 39 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

Adam Newcomer; Seth A. Blumsack; Jay Apt; Lester B. Lave; M. Granger Morgan [Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA (United States). Carnegie Mellon Electricity Industry Center

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

RTO Briefing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

OAK-B135 Transmission Updates The summary of this report is: (1) Small generators are not happy with FERC's Small Generator Interconnection NOPR, saying the proposed rule ignores much of the consensus developed between small generators and transmission owners during the ANOPR process. California wind generators seek clarification that repowering an existing facility or changing contract terms would not trigger a reevaluation of the interconnection. (2) The choices of former Alliance companies about which RTO to join, MISO or PJM, and whether they can obtain approval from states to do so, has created such a tangle that FERC held two days of hearings at the end of September on the issues and options for resolving them. But in addition to some constructive input, the hearings produced even more uncertainty, with transmission companies announcing their need to reassess their own RTO commitments depending on the decisions of others. (3) In the West, the Seams Steering Group--Western Interconnection (SSG-WI) completed a west-wide transmission study with a renewable energy scenario, the California ISO received FERC's approval on its market redesign proposal, and RTO West worked toward finalizing high-level consensus documents describing Day 1 implementation of the proposed RTO. (4) In Texas, ERCOT began $157 million in upgrades to the transmission system around McCamey--increasing capacity in and out of the area enough to handle existing wind projects there.

Steve Wiese

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Localization of the terminal steps of O-antigen synthesis in Salmonella typhimurium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Previous immunoelectron microscopic studies have shown that both the final intermediate in O-antigen synthesis, undecaprenol-linked O polymer, and newly synthesized O-antigenic lipopolysaccharide are localized to the periplasmic face of the inner membrane. In vivo pulse-chase experiments now provide further evidence that attachment of O antigen to core lipopolysaccharide, as well as polymerization of O-specific polysaccharide chains, takes place at the periplasmic face of the membrane. Mutants doubly conditional in lipopolysaccharide synthesis (kdsA(Ts) pmi) were constructed in which synthesis of core lipopolysaccharide and O antigen are temperature sensitive and mannose dependent, respectively. Periplasmic orientation of O antigen:core lipopolysaccharide ligase was established by experiments showing rapid chase of undecaprenol-linked O polymer, previously accumulated at 42 degrees C in the absence of core synthesis, into lipopolysaccharide following resumption of core formation at 30 degrees C. In addition, chase of the monomeric O-specific tetrasaccharide unit into lipopolysaccharide was found in similar experiments in an O-polymerase-negative (rfc kdsA(Ts) pmi) mutant, suggesting that polymerization of O chains also occurs at the external face of the inner membrane.

McGrath, B.C.; Osborn, M.J. (Univ. of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington (USA))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

A Digital-Receiver for the Murchison Widefield Array  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An FPGA-based digital-receiver has been developed for a low-frequency imaging radio interferometer, the Murchison Widefield Array (MWA). The MWA, located at the Murchison Radio-astronomy Observatory (MRO) in Western Australia, consists of 128 dual-polarized aperture-array elements (tiles) operating between 80 and 300\\,MHz, with a total processed bandwidth of 30.72 MHz for each polarization. Radio-frequency signals from the tiles are amplified and band limited using analog signal conditioning units; sampled and channelized by digital-receivers. The signals from eight tiles are processed by a single digital-receiver, thus requiring 16 digital-receivers for the MWA. The main function of the digital-receivers is to digitize the broad-band signals from each tile, channelize them to form the sky-band, and transport it through optical fibers to a centrally located correlator for further processing. The digital-receiver firmware also implements functions to measure the signal power, perform power equalization across ...

Prabu, Thiagaraj; Roshi, D Anish; Kamini, P A; Madhavi, S; Emrich, David; Crosse, Brian; Williams, Andrew J; Waterson, Mark; Deshpande, Avinash A; Shankar, N Udaya; Subrahmanyan, Ravi; Briggs, Frank H; Goeke, Robert F; Tingay, Steven J; Johnston-Hollitt, Melanie; R, Gopalakrishna M; Morgan, Edward H; Pathikulangara, Joseph; Bunton, John D; Hampson, Grant; Williams, Christopher; Ord, Stephen M; Wayth, Randall B; Kumar, Deepak; Morales, Miguel F; deSouza, Ludi; Kratzenberg, Eric; Pallot, D; McWhirter, Russell; Hazelton, Bryna J; Arcus, Wayne; Barnes, David G; Bernardi, Gianni; Booler, T; Bowman, Judd D; Cappallo, Roger J; Corey, Brian E; Greenhill, Lincoln J; Herne, David; Hewitt, Jacqueline N; Kaplan, David L; Kasper, Justin C; Kincaid, Barton B; Koenig, Ronald; Lonsdale, Colin J; Lynch, Mervyn J; Mitchell, Daniel A; Oberoi, Divya; Remillard, Ronald A; Rogers, Alan E; Salah, Joseph E; Sault, Robert J; Stevens, Jamie B; Tremblay, S E; Webster, Rachel L; Whitney, Alan R; Wyithe, Stuart B

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

DEVELOPMENT OF GLASS MATRICES FOR HLW RADIOACTIVE WASTES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Vitrification is currently the most widely used technology for the treatment of high level radioactive wastes (HLW) throughout the world. Most of the nations that have generated HLW are immobilizing in either borosilicate glass or phosphate glass. One of the primary reasons that glass has become the most widely used immobilization media is the relative simplicity of the vitrification process, e.g. melt waste plus glass forming frit additives and cast. A second reason that glass has become widely used for HLW is that the short range order (SRO) and medium range order (MRO) found in glass atomistically bonds the radionuclides and governs the melt properties such as viscosity, resistivity, sulphate solubility. The molecular structure of glass controls contaminant/radionuclide release by establishing the distribution of ion exchange sites, hydrolysis sites, and the access of water to those sites. The molecular structure is flexible and hence accounts for the flexibility of glass formulations to waste variability. Nuclear waste glasses melt between 1050-1150 C which minimizes the volatility of radioactive components such as Tc{sup 99}, Cs{sup 137}, and I{sup 129}. Nuclear waste glasses have good long term stability including irradiation resistance. Process control models based on the molecular structure of glass have been mechanistically derived and have been demonstrated to be accurate enough to control the world's largest HLW Joule heated ceramic melter in the US since 1996 at 95% confidence.

Jantzen, C.

2010-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

350

DURABLE GLASS FOR THOUSANDS OF YEARS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The durability of natural glasses on geological time scales and ancient glasses for thousands of years is well documented. The necessity to predict the durability of high level nuclear waste (HLW) glasses on extended time scales has led to various thermodynamic and kinetic approaches. Advances in the measurement of medium range order (MRO) in glasses has led to the understanding that the molecular structure of a glass, and thus the glass composition, controls the glass durability by establishing the distribution of ion exchange sites, hydrolysis sites, and the access of water to those sites. During the early stages of glass dissolution, a 'gel' layer resembling a membrane forms through which ions exchange between the glass and the leachant. The hydrated gel layer exhibits acid/base properties which are manifested as the pH dependence of the thickness and nature of the gel layer. The gel layer ages into clay or zeolite minerals by Ostwald ripening. Zeolite mineral assemblages (higher pH and Al{sup 3+} rich glasses) may cause the dissolution rate to increase which is undesirable for long-term performance of glass in the environment. Thermodynamic and structural approaches to the prediction of glass durability are compared versus Ostwald ripening.

Jantzen, C.

2009-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

351

Analysis of Wind Power and Load Data at Multiple Time Scales  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this study we develop and apply new methods of data analysis for high resolution wind power and system load time series, to improve our understanding of how to characterize highly variable wind power output and the correlations between wind power and load. These methods are applied to wind and load data from the ERCOT region, and wind power output from the PJM and NYISO areas. We use a wavelet transform to apply mathematically well-defined operations of smoothing and differencing to the time series data. This approach produces a set of time series of the changes in wind power and load (or ?deltas?), over a range of times scales from a few seconds to approximately one hour. A number of statistical measures of these time series are calculated. We present sample distributions, and devise a method for fitting the empirical distribution shape in the tails. We also evaluate the degree of serial correlation, and linear correlation between wind and load. Our examination of the data shows clearly that the deltas do not follow a Gaussian shape; the distribution is exponential near the center and appears to follow a power law for larger fluctuations. Gaussian distributions are frequently used in modeling studies. These are likely to over-estimate the probability of small to moderate deviations. This in turn may lead to an over-estimation of the additional reserve requirement (hence the cost) for high penetration of wind. The Gaussian assumption provides no meaningful information about the real likelihood of large fluctuations. The possibility of a power law distribution is interesting because it suggests that the distribution shape for of wind power fluctuations may become independent of system size for large enough systems.

Coughlin, Katie; Eto, J.H.

2010-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

352

Scaled Testing to Evaluate Pulse Jet Mixer Performance in Waste Treatment Plant Mixing Vessels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) at Hanford is being designed and built to pre-treat and vitrify the waste in Hanford’s 177 underground waste storage tanks. Numerous process vessels will hold waste at various stages in the WTP. These vessels have pulse jet mixer (PJM) systems. A test program was developed to evaluate the adequacy of mixing system designs in the solids-containing vessels in the WTP. The program focused mainly on non-cohesive solids behavior. Specifically, the program addressed the effectiveness of the mixing systems to suspend settled solids off the vessel bottom, and distribute the solids vertically. Experiments were conducted at three scales using various particulate simulants. A range of solids loadings and operational parameters were evaluated, including jet velocity, pulse volume, and duty cycle. In place of actual PJMs, the tests used direct injection from tubes with suction at the top of the tank fluid. This gave better control over the discharge duration and duty cycle and simplified the facility requirements. The mixing system configurations represented in testing varied from 4 to 12 PJMs with various jet nozzle sizes. In this way the results collected could be applied to the broad range of WTP vessels with varying geometrical configurations and planned operating conditions. Data for “just-suspended velocity”, solids cloud height, and solids concentration vertical profile were collected, analyzed, and correlated. The correlations were successfully benchmarked against previous large-scale test results, then applied to the WTP vessels using reasonable assumptions of anticipated waste properties to evaluate adequacy of the existing mixing system designs.

Fort, James A.; Meyer, Perry A.; Bamberger, Judith A.; Enderlin, Carl W.; Scott, Paul A.; Minette, Michael J.; Gauglitz, Phillip A.

2010-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

353

Regulatory Policy and Markets for Energy Storage in North America  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The last 5 years have been one of the most exciting times for the energy storage industry. We have seen significant advancements in the regulatory process to make accommodations for valuing and monetizing energy storage for what it provides to the grid. The most impactful regulatory decision for the energy storage industry has come from California, where the California Public Utilities Commission issued a decision that mandates procurement requirements of 1.325 GW for energy storage to 3 investor-own utilities in 4 stages: in 2014, 2016, 2018, and 2020. Furthermore, at the Federal level, FERC’s Order 755, requires the transmission operators to develop pay for performance tariffs for ancillary services. This has had direct impact on the market design of US competitive wholesale markets and the monetization of fast responding grid assets. While this order is technology neutral, it clearly plays into the fast-responding capability of energy storage technologies. Today PJM, CAISO, MISO, NYISO, and NE-ISO have implemented Order 755 and offer new tariff for regulation services based on pay-for-performance principles. Furthermore, FERC Order 784, issued in July 2013 requires transmission providers to consider speed and accuracy in determining the requirements for ancillary services. In November 2013, FERC issued Order 972, which revises the small generator interconnection agreement which declares energy storage as a power source. This order puts energy storage on par with existing generators. This paper will discuss the implementation of FERC’s Pay for Performance Regulation order at all ISOs in the U.S. under FERC regulatory authority (this excludes ERCOT). Also discussed will be the market impacts and overall impacts on the NERC regulation performance indexes. The paper will end with a discussion on the California and Ontario, Canada procurement mandates and the opportunity that it may present to the energy storage industry.

Kintner-Meyer, Michael CW

2014-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

354

Regional Transmission Projects: Finding Solutions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Keystone Center convened and facilitated a year-long Dialogue on "Regional Transmission Projects: Finding Solutions" to develop recommendations that will help address the difficult and contentious issues related to expansions of regional electric transmission systems that are needed for reliable and economic transmission of power within and across regions. This effort brought together a cross-section of affected stakeholders and thought leaders to address the problem with the collective wisdom of their experience and interests. Transmission owners sat at the table with consumer advocates and environmental organizations. Representatives from regional transmission organizations exchanged ideas with state and federal regulators. Generation developers explored common interests with public power suppliers. Together, the Dialogue participants developed consensus solutions about how to begin unraveling some of the more intractable issues surrounding identification of need, allocation of costs, and reaching consensus on siting issues that can frustrate the development of regional transmission infrastructure. The recommendations fall into three broad categories: 1. Recommendations on appropriate institutional arrangements and processes for achieving regional consensus on the need for new or expanded transmission infrastructure 2. Recommendations on the process for siting of transmission lines 3. Recommendations on the tools needed to support regional planning, cost allocation, and siting efforts. List of Dialogue participants: List of Dialogue Participants: American Electric Power American Transmission Company American Wind Energy Association California ISO Calpine Corporation Cinergy Edison Electric Institute Environmental Defense Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Great River Energy International Transmission Company ISO-New England Iowa Public Utility Board Kanner & Associates Midwest ISO National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners National Association of State Utility Consumer Advocates National Grid Northeast Utilities PA Office of Consumer Advocates Pacific Gas & Electric Corporation Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission PJM Interconnection The Electricity Consumers Resource Council U.S. Department of Energy US Department of the Interior Van Ness Feldman Western Interstate Energy Board Wind on the Wires Wisconsin Public Service Commission Xcel Energy

The Keystone Center

2005-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

355

ANJE5.40. VAX VMS IBM NJE Protocol Emulator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Argonne NJE (Network Job Entry) communications software allows VAX/VMS systems to participate in a standard IBM peer-to-peer network and communicate with IBM computers with the VM/RSCS, MVS/JES2, MVS/JES3, or VSE/POWER operating systems or with CDC computers having the NJEF product by emulating the NJE protocol. The emulator has limited routing capability and forwards received files and messages to other nodes connected to it via DECnet. DECnet client nodes implementing the NJE system receive full NJE user services via the routing node including access to BITnet. All member nodes of VAX clusters involved in the NJE domain receive full NJE services as well. The emulator`s capabilities include immediate transfer of commands and messages and queued transfer of standard print and punch files. Jobs can be sent from VMS for execution at any node with batch services. The emulator receives files into user designated subdirectories. Two applications are distributed with ANJE. One is an RFC822-conforming interface that enables users of the VMS Mail Utility and either VM/SP NOTE or the IBM PROFS mail to exchange electronic mail. VMS Mail Utility users can also exchange electronic mail with users of BITnet. The other application is an emulator for the IBM Bulk Data Transfer product and IBM NETDATA protocol that enables transmission and reception of arbitrary sequential files with or without character translation. Data conversion subroutines are provided to aid users in converting their data from the binary format of one machine to that of the other.

Raffenetti, R.C.; Osudar, J. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Amorphous and nanocrystalline phase formation in highly-driven Al-based binary alloys  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Remarkable advances have been made since rapid solidification was first introduced to the field of materials science and technology. New types of materials such as amorphous alloys and nanostructure materials have been developed as a result of rapid solidification techniques. While these advances are, in many respects, ground breaking, much remains to be discerned concerning the fundamental relationships that exist between a liquid and a rapidly solidified solid. The scope of the current dissertation involves an extensive set of experimental, analytical, and computational studies designed to increase the overall understanding of morphological selection, phase competition, and structural hierarchy that occurs under far-from equilibrium conditions. High pressure gas atomization and Cu-block melt-spinning are the two different rapid solidification techniques applied in this study. The research is mainly focused on Al-Si and Al-Sm alloy systems. Silicon and samarium produce different, yet favorable, systems for exploration when alloyed with aluminum under far-from equilibrium conditions. One of the main differences comes from the positions of their respective T{sub 0} curves, which makes Al-Si a good candidate for solubility extension while the plunging T{sub 0} line in Al-Sm promotes glass formation. The rapidly solidified gas-atomized Al-Si powders within a composition range of 15 to 50 wt% Si are examined using scanning and transmission electron microscopy. The non-equilibrium partitioning and morphological selection observed by examining powders at different size classes are described via a microstructure map. The interface velocities and the amount of undercooling present in the powders are estimated from measured eutectic spacings based on Jackson-Hunt (JH) and Trivedi-Magnin-Kurz (TMK) models, which permit a direct comparison of theoretical predictions. For an average particle size of 10 {micro}m with a Peclet number of {approx}0.2, JH and TMK deviate from each other. This deviation indicates an adiabatic type solidification path where heat of fusion is reabsorbed. It is interesting that this particle size range is also consistent with the appearance of a microcellular growth. While no glass formation is observed within this system, the smallest size powders appear to consist of a mixture of nanocrystalline Si and Al. Al-Sm alloys have been investigated within a composition range of 34 to 42 wt% Sm. Gas atomized powders of Al-Sm are investigated to explore the morphological and structural hierarchy that correlates with different degrees of departure from full equilibrium conditions. The resultant powders show a variety of structural selection with respect to amount of undercooling, with an amorphous structure appearing at the highest cooling rates. Because of the chaotic nature of gas atomization, Cu-block melt-spinning is used to produce a homogeneous amorphous structure. The as-quenched structure within Al-34 to 42 wt% Sm consists of nanocrystalline fcc-Al (on the order of 5 nm) embedded in an amorphous matrix. The nucleation density of fcc-Al after initial crystallization is on the order of 10{sup 22}-10{sup 23} m{sup -3}, which is 10{sup 5}-10{sup 6} orders of magnitude higher than what classical nucleation theory predicts. Detailed analysis of liquid and as-quenched structures using high energy synchrotron X-ray diffraction, high energy transmission electron microscopy, and atom probe tomography techniques revealed an Al-Sm network similar in appearance to a medium range order (MRO) structure. A model whereby these MRO clusters promote the observed high nucleation density of fcc-Al nanocrystals is proposed. The devitrification path was identified using high temperature, in-situ, high energy synchrotron X-ray diffraction techniques and the crystallization kinetics were described using an analytical Johnson-Mehl-Avrami (JMA) approach.

Kalay, Yunus Eren

2008-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

357

Congestion Management Requirements, Methods and Performance Indices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Transmission congestion occurs when there is insufficient transmission capacity to simultaneously accommodate all requests for transmission service within a region. Historically, vertically integrated utilities managed this condition by constraining the economic dispatch of generators with the objective of ensuring security and reliability of their own and/or neighboring systems. Electric power industry restructuring has moved generation investment and operations decisions into the competitive market but has left transmission as a communal resource in the regulated environment. This mixing of competitive generation and regulated transmission makes congestion management difficult. The difficulty is compounded by increases in the amount of congestion resulting from increased commercial transactions and the relative decline in the amount of transmission. Transmission capacity, relative to peak load, has been declining in all regions of the U.S. for over a decade. This decline is expected to continue. Congestion management schemes used today have negative impacts on energy markets, such as disruptions and monetary penalties, under some conditions. To mitigate these concerns various congestion management methods have been proposed, including redispatch and curtailment of scheduled energy transmission. In the restructured electric energy industry environment, new congestion management approaches are being developed that strive to achieve the desired degree of reliability while supporting competition in the bulk power market. This report first presents an overview and background on key issues and emerging approaches to congestion management. It goes on to identify and describe policies affecting congestion management that are favored and/or are now being considered by FERC, NERC, and one of the regional reliability councils (WSCC). It reviews the operational procedures in use or proposed by three of the leading independent system operators (ISOs) including ERCOT, California ISO, and PJM. Finally, it presents recommendations for evaluating the competing alternative approaches and developing metrics to use in such evaluations. As with any report concerning electricity restructuring, specific details quickly become dated. Individual utilities, states and regions will inevitably change rules and procedures even during the time it takes to publish a report. Hopefully, the general conclusions are more robust and this report will continue to have value even after some of the specific details have changed.

Kirby, B.J.

2002-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

358

Lemnos Interoperable Security Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The manner in which the control systems are being designed and operated in the energy sector is undergoing some of the most significant changes in history due to the evolution of technology and the increasing number of interconnections to other system. With these changes however come two significant challenges that the energy sector must face; 1) Cyber security is more important than ever before, and 2) Cyber security is more complicated than ever before. A key requirement in helping utilities and vendors alike in meeting these challenges is interoperability. While interoperability has been present in much of the discussions relating to technology utilized within the energy sector and especially the Smart Grid, it has been absent in the context of cyber security. The Lemnos project addresses these challenges by focusing on the interoperability of devices utilized within utility control systems which support critical cyber security functions. In theory, interoperability is possible with many of the cyber security solutions available to utilities today. The reality is that the effort required to achieve cyber security interoperability is often a barrier for utilities. For example, consider IPSec, a widely-used Internet Protocol to define Virtual Private Networks, or â?? tunnelsâ?ť, to communicate securely through untrusted public and private networks. The IPSec protocol suite has a significant number of configuration options and encryption parameters to choose from, which must be agreed upon and adopted by both parties establishing the tunnel. The exercise in getting software or devices from different vendors to interoperate is labor intensive and requires a significant amount of security expertise by the end user. Scale this effort to a significant number of devices operating over a large geographical area and the challenge becomes so overwhelming that it often leads utilities to pursue solutions from a single vendor. These single vendor solutions may inadvertently lock utilities into proprietary and closed systems Lemnos is built on the successes of Open PCS Security Architecture for Interoperable Design (OPSAID), a previous DOE National SCADA Test Bed (NSTB) project. It enhances security interoperability by identifying basic cyber security functions based on utility requirements and then selecting open source solutions, namely Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) RFCs, to support these functions. Once identified, specific configuration parameters for each RFC suitable for the electric utility control system environment are identified and documented. These configuration parameters are referred to as Interoperable Configuration Profiles (ICP) and their effectiveness within the utility control systems environment is verified with comprehensive testing as the final step in the process. The project focused on development of ICPs for four security protocols (IPsec, SSH, LDAP, and Syslog) which represent fundamental building blocks which can be utilized for securing utility control systems. These ICPs are product agnostic and can be applied modularly to any device (router, substation gateway, intelligent electronic device, etc.) within the utility control system as the end user deems necessary for their unique system architecture. The Lemnos Interoperable Security Program is a public-private partnership under the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability's Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems (CEDS) program and supports The Roadmap to Secure Energy Delivery Systems. In addition to EnerNex, the core team supporting the effort includes Tennessee Valley Authority, Sandia National Laboratories, and Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories. Adding to the core team effort is collaboration from additional industry participants in the project including the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), Alien Vault, Cisco, Encore Networks, GarrettCom, Industrial Defender, N-Dimension Solutions, Phoenix Contact, RuggedCom, and Siemens.

John Stewart; Ron Halbgewachs; Adrian Chavez; Rhett Smith; David Teumim

2012-01-31T23:59:59.000Z