Sample records for mozambique namibia nepal

  1. International reserves management and the current account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mauritania Mauritius Moldova Mongolia Niger Nigeria PakistanMali Mauritania Moldova Mongolia Mozambique Myanmar NepalMauritius Mexico Moldova Mongolia Morocco Mozambique Namibia

  2. Nepal's Faltering Peace Process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Crisis Group

    2009-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

    ? ??????? ?????? ? (www.crisisgroup.org) ??? ??????? ???? ??????? ???? ????????? ?????? ??? ??? ???? ????? ??????? ??????? ????????? ? ? : ???????????? ?????? ??? ??????? ??????, ?????? , ??????? ???: ???????, ???????: ??????? nepal... ??????? ? ? ??. ???, ?????? ? ???? ???????? ??????, ? ???? ? ????; ????? ?????? ?????????? ? ?????? ?? ??????? ?? ?. ???, Nepal’s New Alliance: The Mainstream Parties and the Maoists, ?? ???????? ????; ????? ??????? ??. ???, Nepal’s Peace Agreement...

  3. Nepal's Fragile Peace Process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Crisis Group

    2007-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

    ??????? ??? ???? ???? ??? ? ?? ???? ?? ? ? ???? ?? ??? ? ???? ??????? ????????? ???????? ????? ? ???? ?????????? ? ? ?????? ? ????????? ???? ???????? ? ,? ?????? ?? ?? ?????? ??????? ??. ???, Nepal... ? ???????? ???? ??????? ? ? ? “Army can be mobilized for polls: Nepal, Sushil”, The Himalayan Times, ?? ???????? ? ? ????? ? ?? ??????? ??????? ? , ?????? ? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ??????? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ????????? ????? ???????...

  4. Nepals Election and Beyond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Crisis Group

    2008-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

    NEPAL’S ELECTION AND BEYOND Asia Report N°149 – 2 April 2008 TABLE OF CONTENTS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS................................................. i I. INTRODUCTION... ............................................................................................................. 25 APPENDICES A. MAP OF NEPAL ...................................................................................................................26 B. GLOSSARY OF ACRONYMS...

  5. Nepal: Peace Postponed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Crisis Group

    2007-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Policy Briefing Asia Briefing N°72 Kathmandu/Brussels, 18 December 2007 Nepal: Peace Postponed I. OVERVIEW Nepal’s progress toward lasting peace is seriously but not yet irreparably faltering. A further postponement of constituent assembly... and law and order in tatters. The resignation of Madhesi parliamentarians, including an NC minister, to form a new party suggests the Tarai unrest may finally be impinging on national power games. In this inherently unstable situation, Nepal risks...

  6. Nepal's Election: A Peaceful Revolution?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Crisis Group

    2008-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

    NEPAL’S ELECTION: A PEACEFUL REVOLUTION? Asia Report N°155 – 3 July 2008 TABLE OF CONTENTS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ...................................................................................................... i I. INTRODUCTION... VI. CONCLUSION ................................................................................................................ 20 APPENDICES A. MAP OF NEPAL...

  7. Nepal's Maoists: Purists or Pragmatists?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Crisis Group

    2007-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

    NEPAL’S MAOISTS: PURISTS OR PRAGMATISTS? Asia Report N°132 – 18 May 2007 TABLE OF CONTENTS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ...................................................................................................... i I. INTRODUCTION... ............................................................................................................. 24 APPENDICES A. MAP OF NEPAL ...................................................................................................................25 B. GLOSSARY OF ACRONYMS...

  8. Nepal's Crisis: Mobilising International Influence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Crisis Group

    2006-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Policy Briefing Asia Briefing N°49 Kathmandu/Brussels, 19 April 2006 Nepal’s Crisis: Mobilising International Influence I. OVERVIEW Pro-democracy demonstrations and a general strike across Nepal in recent weeks mark a decisive shift... institutions) to form a common front on strategy and tactics to maximise international influence in assisting Nepal’s escape from its worsening conflict. The conflict remains soluble and a genuine democratic mass movement increases the chances of a...

  9. Geothermal manifestations in Nepal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Raj Bhattarai, D.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A number of thermal springs have been located in different parts of Nepal. As very few systematic studies have been carried out so far very little is known on their chemistry and genesis. Talalov (1973) and Bhattarai have made an inventory of the thermal springs of Nepal and have provided some relevant information on about forty of them. Dikshit and Bhattarai and Bashyal have made preliminary investigations of some thermal springs of Dhawalagiri and Karnali Zone, and Lumbini Zone respectively. The present paper deals with some of the geological and chemical studies of the thermal springs undertaken by the author.

  10. Nepal: From People Power to Peace?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Crisis Group

    2006-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

    [?? ??????? (www.crisisgroup.org) ??? ??????? ??[ ??????? ???? ?????[?? ?????? ??? ??? ??[ ??à? ???????? ?à??[ ???????? : ???????????? ?????? ??? ??????? ??????, ??????, ??????? ???: ???????, Ý??È?: ??????? nepal@crisisgroup.org ???????? ????Ì¢?? ?... ??????? ????? ?Ì? ?? ?? Nepal’s Crisis: Mobilising International Influence, ?? ???? ???? ????[???? ? ?????? ????? ??????à????? ??? ????????? www.crisisgroup.org ?? ???Þ? ??? ?  ?????? ???? ?????? ??Ì??? (????), ????? ?à?????? ???? (?????), ??????...

  11. Livelihood Insecurity and Social Conflict in Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    #12;Livelihood Insecurity and Social Conflict in Nepal Edited by Bishnu Raj Upreti Ulrike Müller: Heidel Press Pvt. Ltd., Dillibazar, Kathmandu, Ph: 4439812 Printed in Kathmandu, Nepal. Disclaimer conflict in Nepal and their interrelationship with livelihood insecurity. The complexity

  12. Mozambique becomes a major coking coal exporter?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ruffini, A.

    2008-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In addition to its potential role as a major international supplier of coking coal, Mozambique will also become a major source of power generation for southern Africa. 3 figs.

  13. Nepal: Back to the Gun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Crisis Group

    2003-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    ASIA Briefing Kathmandu/Brussels, 22 October 2003 NEPAL: BACK TO THE GUN I. OVERVIEW With the collapse of the ceasefire and peace talks between government and Maoist insurgents, Nepal appears to be in for months more of bloody fighting... down in the cities. The Maoists have also expanded their activities in eastern Nepal and the Terai (the flatlands that border India), areas that had felt the crisis less acutely during earlier periods of fighting. The RNA, having significantly...

  14. A Study on the Economics of Tobacco in Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karki, Yagya B.; Pant, Kiran Dev; Pande, Badri Raj

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    REFERENCES Bastola T, July 2000. Urban population of Nepal.In Nepal population and development journal. Kathmandu,census of agriculture, Nepal, 1991/92. Analysis of Results.

  15. Information Technology for Health Care in Mozambique

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monteiro, Eric

    Information Technology for Health Care in Mozambique Editorial Introduction Eric Monteiro Associate immediately over to the health care sector. Life expectancy is 38.5 years. Endemic malaria accounts for about by Ciborra (2000). The information systems described in this special issue address the health care sector, i

  16. Namibia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLu anMicrogreenMoonNASA/AmesNS Solar05Zip CategoryNamibia: Energy

  17. Nepal 2030: A Vision for Peaceful and Prosperous Nation [Nepal 2030: A Vision for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    1 Nepal 2030: A Vision for Peaceful and Prosperous Nation #12;[Nepal 2030: A Vision for Peaceful (eds.). 2012. Nepal 2030: A Vision for Peaceful and Prosperous Nation. Kathmandu: South Asia Regional;The editors of the book Nepal 2030: A Vision for PeacefulandProsperousNationacknowledgesupport from

  18. Sambhav Nepal On this trip, we will be working with Sambhav Nepal.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blennerhassett, Peter

    Sambhav Nepal On this trip, we will be working with Sambhav Nepal. Their current mission is to achieve grassroots reforms in educational and health infrastructure in the villages of Gorkha, Nepal, so is a government-run secondary school where you might be running classes. Sambhav Nepal has been running some

  19. Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), Klong Luang, Pathumthani, Thailand The Small Earth Nepal (SEN), Kathmandu, Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    Earth Nepal (SEN), Kathmandu, Nepal Center of Research for Environment Energy and Water (CREEW), Kathmandu, Nepal International Research Center for River Basin Environment-University of Yamanashi (ICRE). Kathmandu Valley Groundwater Outlook. Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), The Small Earth Nepal (SEN

  20. Nepal's Maoists: Their Aims, Structure and Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Crisis Group

    2005-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

    [?? ??????? (www.crisisgroup.org) ??? ??????? ??[ ???Û?? ???? ?????[?? ?????? ??? ??? ??[ ??à? ???????? ?à??[ ???????? : ?Û??Û????? ?????? ??? ????Û? ??????, ??????, ??????? ???: ???????, Ý??È?: ??????? nepal@crisisgroup.org ???????? ????Ì... ???Û?? ? ? ? ??????? ??? ¢???? ?? ????” ???? ?????? ?????? ??É????, ???à??[ ??????????? ?????? ???????? ???? ???????? ?? ?È???? ???? ?? ?????? ????? ?Ú?¢ Ê????? ???Û???? ??????? ??? ?? ?? ?? ??Ü??à?? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ??. ??, Nepal...

  1. Growing Sandalwood in Nepal--Potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Standiford, Richard B.

    Growing Sandalwood in Nepal--Potential Silvicultural Methods and Research Priorities1 Peter E. Neil 2 Abstract: Interest in sandalwood has increased recently in Nepal as a result of a royal directive establishment of sandalwood in Nepal. The silvicultural methods discussed could well be of use to other

  2. Nepal's peace process and challenges ahead

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Nepal's peace process and challenges ahead Context and policy connections When the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) [CPN(M)] and the Seven Party Alliance government signed the CPA on 21 November 2006 and the United Nations worked collective- ly to achieve peace and stability. The United Nations Mission in Nepal

  3. Livelihood Insecurity and Social Conflict in Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    #12;Livelihood Insecurity and Social Conflict in Nepal Edited by Bishnu Raj Upreti Ulrike Müller: Heidel Press Pvt. Ltd., Dillibazar, Kathmandu, Ph: 4439812 Printed in Kathmandu, Nepal. Disclaimer in the Western Terai, Nepal, this Chapter examines the livelihood strategies of conflict-induced internally

  4. Livelihood Insecurity and Social Conflict in Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    #12;Livelihood Insecurity and Social Conflict in Nepal Edited by Bishnu Raj Upreti Ulrike Müller: Heidel Press Pvt. Ltd., Dillibazar, Kathmandu, Ph: 4439812 Printed in Kathmandu, Nepal. Disclaimer and the editors are affiliated. #12;Chapter 4 Food insecurity, conflict and livelihood threats in Nepal Jagannath

  5. FEATURE ARTICLE 2 Kunde Hospital: Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    FEATURE ARTICLE 2 Kunde Hospital: Nepal WORK IN PROGRESS 4 Public Health in Ceylon Medical research of the Mt Everest area in Nepal who have played such an important role in Himalayan mountaineering century the region became incorporated into the Gorkha kingdom that now forms the modern nation of Nepal

  6. Livelihood Insecurity and Social Conflict in Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    #12;Livelihood Insecurity and Social Conflict in Nepal Edited by Bishnu Raj Upreti Ulrike Müller: Heidel Press Pvt. Ltd., Dillibazar, Kathmandu, Ph: 4439812 Printed in Kathmandu, Nepal. Disclaimer years of rule by the monarchy and the Rana regime, Nepal is now a federal democratic republic

  7. LAND REFORM IN NAMIBIA: AN ANALYSIS OF MEDIA COVERAGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engelbrecht, Petrus J.

    2014-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    in ensuring that land reform is successfully designed and executed. The media informs the public, sets the public and political agenda, holds the government accountable, and serves as a public sphere. This project analyses Namibia's three primary daily...

  8. Nepal Migration Year Book 2011 Migration Year Book

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Nepal Migration Year Book 2011 1 #12;Nepal Migration Year Book 2011 NIDS NCCR North-South #12;Book Nepal Migration Year Book 2011 Publishers Nepal Institute of Development Studies (NIDS) G.P.O. Box: 7647, Kathmandu, Nepal Email: nids@mail.com.np Web: www.nids.org.np National Centre of Competence in Research

  9. Notes on Kusunda Grammar: A language isolate of Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watters, David

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Indo-Pacific language in Nepal”. Proceedings of the Nationalin selected languages of Nepal, Vol. II:81-174. Turner,Dor Bahadur. 1967. People of Nepal. Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak

  10. An Empirical Analysis of Civil Conflict in Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Do, Quy-Toan; Lakshmi, Iyer

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Analysis of Civil Conflict in Nepal Quy-Toan Do and LakshmiDivisions and Conflict in Nepal* Quy-Toan Do"*" Lakshmispread of violent conflict in Nepal. We find that conflict

  11. From Nepal to JLab â€" One Scientist's Journey (Daily Press...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    articles.dailypress.com2011-12-24newsdp-nws-evg-jlab-nepal-201112241tribhuvan-university-jefferson-lab-nepal... Submitted: Sunday, December 4, 2011...

  12. Supporting Nepal’s Peace Process: From Conflict to Constituent Assembly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Ian

    2010-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Supporting Nepal’s Peace Process: From Conflict to Constituent Assembly a special evening talk by Ian Martin chaired by Professor Surya Subedi, OBE 7-9pm, room B102 at SOAS Thursday, 18 March, 2010 Nepal’s political... FOCUSED MISSION: NOT SO LIMITED DURATION 4 complicated by persistent delays of the election as well as ambivalence surrounding the extent to which Nepali in- terlocutors required the technical assistance that UNMIN provided. Like UNMIN’s office of civil...

  13. Nepal: Dangerous Plans for Village Militias

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Crisis Group

    2004-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    ASIA Briefing Kathmandu/Brussels, 17 February 2004 NEPAL: DANGEROUS PLANS FOR VILLAGE MILITIAS I. OVERVIEW The Government of Nepal is creating local civilian militias – known as Rural Volunteer Security Groups and Peace Committees – in what... minimal training, have little oversight and few controls, thus leading to a worsening of human rights problems. Massacres, abductions and illegal imprisonments are already rife in Nepal, and these problems will get worse. ? Arming untrained villagers...

  14. Factors associated with spatial clustering of foot-and-mouth disease in Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chhetri, Bimal K.; Perez, Andres M.; Thurmond, Mark C.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    control and eradication in Nepal, Bulletin of VeterinaryScience and Animal Husbandry, Nepal,Nepal Veterinary Association, 26, 18–26. Grubman, M. J. ,

  15. The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    special issue of Water Nepal, 4, 1, September. Haddad,and its subsequent impacts in Nepal, India and China.Katmandu: WWF Nepal Country Program. Kathmandu Post (2005).

  16. National Seismological Network HIS MAJESTY'S GOVERNMENT OF NEPAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avouac, Jean-Philippe

    National Seismological Network HIS MAJESTY'S GOVERNMENT OF NEPAL Lainchour Kathmandu, Nepal March the establishment of Nepal's first seismic station at Phulchoki, Kathmandu in November, 1978 by the Department hazard assessment in the Nepal Himalaya. The network provides routine information on global seismicity

  17. The Siwaliks of western Nepal I. Geometry and kinematics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Husson, Laurent

    The Siwaliks of western Nepal I. Geometry and kinematics J.L. Mugniera, *, P. Leturmya , G. Masclea-western Nepal, and beneath 14.6 Ma sediments in mid-western Nepal, i.e., above the base of the Siwalik Group. Unconformities have been observed in the upper Siwalik member of western Nepal both on satellite images

  18. Nepal: Dealing with a Human Rights Crisis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Crisis Group

    2005-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

    NEPAL: DEALING WITH A HUMAN RIGHTS CRISIS Asia Report N°94 – 24 March 2005 TABLE OF CONTENTS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS................................................. i I. INTRODUCTION... .................................................................................... 13 A. ACTION BY THE NEPALI GOVERNMENT ...............................................................................13 B. ACTION BY THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF NEPAL (MAOIST) ..................................................14 C. ACTION...

  19. Alternate Energy Promotion Centre, Nepal Alternate Energy Promotion Centre, Nepal

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTriWildcat Place: Wayne,Energy InformationAltamont,AlternaNepal:

  20. Sustainable multipurpose tree production systems for Nepal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shen, S.Y.; Kilpatrick, K.J.

    1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Argonne National Laboratory is developing methods for producing reforestation plating stock, fuel, and fodder in a sustainable manner in Nepal. This project, in cooperation with the Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation of Nepal, is sponsored by the US Agency for International Development (AID). Several production systems are being evaluated for the Mid-Hills Region of Nepal. To provide sustainable biomass production and ecological management of the fragile Mid-Hills Region, the production systems must simultaneously satisfy the physiological requirements of the plants, the symbiotic requirements of the plant and the microorganisms in its rhizosphere, the physicochemical requirements of nutrient and water cycling, and the climatic and topographic constraints.

  1. Mller-Bker U, Thieme S. 2007. Livelihood Strategies in a Marginal Area of Nepal (Far West Nepal), with an emphasis on labour migration to India. In

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Müller-Böker U, Thieme S. 2007. Livelihood Strategies in a Marginal Area of Nepal (Far West Nepal and The Marginal: Social Geography of Older People in Nepal · Tomás Havlícek, Population Stability, Livelihood Strategies in a Marginal Area of Nepal (Far West Nepal), with an emphasis on labour migration

  2. Films on the Gurungs of Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macfarlane, Alan

    2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Films taken by Alan Macfarlane and Sarah Harrison between 1969 and 2001 in Nepal. Mainly of the Gurungs (tamu-mai) living in Pokhara and in villages north of that town....

  3. Films of the Gurungs of Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macfarlane, Alan

    2006-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Films taken by Alan Macfarlane and Sarah Harrison in Nepal between 1968 and 2001, especially in the area to the north of Pokhara among the Gurung peoples (Tamu-mai)...

  4. Summer temperature profiles within supraglacial debris on Khumbu Glacier, Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rasmussen, L.A.

    Summer temperature profiles within supraglacial debris on Khumbu Glacier, Nepal H. CONWAY, and L. A Glacier, Nepal show a strong diurnal signal that diffused downward into the debris with decreasing

  5. "Sometimes they used to whisper in our ears": health care workers' perceptions of the effects of abortion legalization in Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Population and Government of Nepal. Kathmandu: Ministry ofand Macro International Inc: Nepal Demographic Health SurveyCREHPA): Unsafe Abortion Nepal Country Profile. Kathmandu:

  6. Projected integrated farm in Nepal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dhital, K.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A proposed integrated crop-livestock agro-processing complex to be based at Janakpur, Nepal is described. This project was proposed by the Agricultural Development Bank and is a small effort towards creating a self-sufficient rural community similar to one reported in China. The plan of the farm aims to achieve the integration of several agricultural, aquacultural, solar energy and biogas energy components with complete recycling of waste. These include biogas plants with associated slurry and storage tanks for operating a 3-kW generator, a 3.7-kW pump, providing domestic cooking, as well as energy to operate a fruit-processing plant. Energy for water heating, crop drying and refrigeration will be supplied by solar energy. Fish, livestock, fruits and vegetables will be produced by the farm.

  7. WORKING PAPER N 2008 -73 Educational programs in rural Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    WORKING PAPER N° 2008 - 73 Educational programs in rural Nepal: Peer communication and information ­ ÉCOLE NORMALE SUPÉRIEURE halshs-00585981,version1-14Apr2011 #12;Educational Programs in Rural Nepal concentrate on three rural villages in Nepal where an educational radio program about family planning

  8. Conflict, Transition, and Challenges to Nepal's Peace Process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    #12;Conflict, Transition, and Challenges to Nepal's Peace Process Discussion Paper Bishnu Raj Upreti Anita Ghimire South Asia Regional Coordination Office NCCR North-South Kathmandu, Nepal January 2012 #12;Citation: Upreti BR, Ghimire A. 2012. Conflict, Transition, and Challenges to Nepal's Peace

  9. Kusunda: An Indo-Pacific language in Nepal Paul Whitehouse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruhlen, Merritt

    Kusunda: An Indo-Pacific language in Nepal Paul Whitehouse , Timothy Usher , Merritt Ruhlen people of central Nepal have long been regarded as a relic tribe of South Asia. They are, or were until people of central Nepal are one of the few ``relic'' tribes found on the Indian subcontinent (the Nahali

  10. Mountain building in the Nepal Himalaya: Thermal and kinematic model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avouac, Jean-Philippe

    Mountain building in the Nepal Himalaya: Thermal and kinematic model L. Bollinger a,, P. Henry b. Courtillot Abstract We model crustal deformation and the resulting thermal structure across the Nepal: thermal model; temperature-time paths; inverted metamorphism; underplating; Himalayan orogen; Nepal

  11. Bonded labour The Dalits of Nepal are a marginalised

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Bonded labour The Dalits of Nepal are a marginalised group of people who have suffered systematic that, while illegal, is still widespread in remote rural areas of Nepal. To meet their basic needs in their neighbour- hood. Referred to in Nepal as Haliya/ Haruwa and Charuwa, they have to plough the landlords' land

  12. Degassing of metamorphic carbon dioxide from the Nepal Himalaya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Derry, Louis A.

    Degassing of metamorphic carbon dioxide from the Nepal Himalaya Matthew J. Evans Chemistry at the foot of the Higher Himalaya near the Main Central Thrust (MCT), Nepal Himalaya. We have sampled hot the Nepal Himalaya, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 9, Q04021, doi:10.1029/2007GC001796. 1. Introduction [2

  13. Community-based and peace-sensitive tourism: fulfilling Nepal's potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Community-based and peace-sensitive tourism: fulfilling Nepal's potential Tourism as a means of economic growth Tourism is one of the largest indus- tries in Nepal. According to the Nepal Tourism Board the insurgency was then largely confined to the western parts of Nepal. The Visit Nepal Year campaign in 1998

  14. Convergence rate across the Nepal Himalaya and interseismic coupling on the Main Himalayan Thrust: Implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avouac, Jean-Philippe

    Convergence rate across the Nepal Himalaya and interseismic coupling on the Main Himalayan Thrust the Nepal Himalaya using GPS times series from 30 stations in Nepal and southern Tibet, in addition and eastern Nepal and 20.5 Æ 1 mm/yr in western Nepal. The moment deficit due to locking of the MHT

  15. Biogas in Nepal--Retrospects and prospects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sood, D.K.

    1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The tremendous need and potential of biogas in Nepal, supported by a very large cattle population, seems to be primarily limited by manpower and budgetary constraints and poor planning and implementation. Besides cooking and lighting, considerable potential, particularly at the rural level exists for biogas powered agro-processing applications such as rice hulling, oil expelling and flour grinding. Experience has shown that such applications, for which equipment is easily available, can be better served by community Biogas plants. The government of Nepal, with assistance from international organizations such as the Asian Development Bank, is strengthening the Biogas Company and taking other appropriate measures to disseminate and establish biogas on a firm footing.

  16. For Immediate Release --Friday, November 16, 2012 Everest Challenge Supports Schools in Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morris, Joy

    Supports Schools in Nepal Friday, November 16, 7 p.m. to Saturday, November 17 development in Nepal by funding construction and donating school supplies. "The in Nepal," says Drew Andreachuk, a U of L student who has worked first

  17. Preliminary notes on Gyalsumdo, an undocumented Tibetan variety in Manang District, Nepal.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hildebrandt, Kristine Ann; Perry, J. Joseph

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in selected languages of Nepal, Part IV: Word Lists. Norman,Tibeto-Burman languages of Nepal: Manange and Sherpa, 2–241.and Gurung shamans in Nepal. Madison, Wisconsin: University

  18. Nepal: Western Views of the Maoist Insurgency and the Royal Takeover

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burleigh, Peter

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Governance Presentation No. 2 Nepal: Western Views of theworkingpapers/index.html NEPAL: Western Views of the Maoistof the Maoist revolt in Nepal in 1996, there have been a

  19. Impact of HIV/AIDS on the Agricultural Sector in Northern Namibia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carter, Charles Russell

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    In agrarian societies, HIV/AIDS extends far beyond the realm of healthcare into agricultural production and food security as well. Namibia is a developing country with a large portion of its population involved in agriculture; the average HIV...

  20. Livelihood Insecurity and Social Conflict in Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    distortions and price hikes, the weak purchasing power of people, and lack of employment opportunities, among Bishnu Raj Upreti Abstract The livelihoods of people in conflict-ridden countries like Nepal other things. Livelihood security is primarily dependent on people having access to food

  1. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mexico Mongolia Morocco Mozambique Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Nigeria Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Coal &

  2. area central nepal: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: -Chandra Campus, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal d Department of Geology, Kansas State University and the Bhagirathi River, Garhwal Himalaya, India) perpendicular...

  3. CLASSIFICATION: Social: Anthropology TITLE: Kusunda: an Indo-Pacific language in Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, William Shi-Yuan

    CLASSIFICATION: Social: Anthropology TITLE: Kusunda: an Indo-Pacific language in Nepal AUTHORS,247 1 #12;Kusunda: an Indo-Pacific language in Nepal 2 ABSTRACT: The Kusunda people of central Nepal both a linguistic and genetic perspective. #12;Kusunda: an Indo-Pacific language in Nepal 3 The Kusunda

  4. Nepal's Pathway for Peaceful Transformation and Challenges Ahead1 Bishnu Raj Upreti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    1 Nepal's Pathway for Peaceful Transformation and Challenges Ahead1 Bishnu Raj Upreti 1 once the Nepal Government and the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) signed a Comprehensive Peace Accord of Nepal will also be evaluated in these criteria. However, anatomy of the CPA in terms of its content

  5. 9/4/12 Tigers In Nepal Are Adapting To Thrive Near Human Populations 1/3www.cinemablend.com/pop/Tigers-Nepal-Adapting-Thrive-Near-Human-Populations-46465.html

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    9/4/12 Tigers In Nepal Are Adapting To Thrive Near Human Populations 1/3www.cinemablend.com/pop/Tigers-Nepal & Roll Trailer POP BLEND Tigers In Nepal Are Adapting To Thrive Near Human Populations As the world has in Nepal, that thought process is being turned on its head. In Nepal's Chitwan National Park, humans

  6. Complete Genome Sequence of Yersinia pestis Strains Antiqua and Nepal516: Evidence of Gene Reduction in an Emerging Pathogen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a human infection in Nepal (possibly from a 1967 outbreak ofone IS285 in CO92, KIM and Nepal but not Antiqua; and oneLoss of functional TufB in Nepal The genomes of Y. pestis

  7. Nepal: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall, Pennsylvania: EnergyEnergyPPCR) Jump to: navigation, searchNepal: Energy

  8. International Mobility Program for Young Researchers from India and Nepal In order to strengthen the relationship and cooperation with India and Nepal, and taking into

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cesare, Bernardo

    1 International Mobility Program for Young Researchers from India and Nepal In order to strengthen the relationship and cooperation with India and Nepal, and taking into account the successful research activities-border research collaboration with advanced research groups coming from India and Nepal. The program offers 8

  9. International Mobility Program for Young Researchers from India and Nepal In order to strengthen the relationship and cooperation with India and Nepal, and taking into

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schenato, Luca

    International Mobility Program for Young Researchers from India and Nepal In order to strengthen the relationship and cooperation with India and Nepal, and taking into account the successful research activities-border research collaboration with advanced research groups coming from India and Nepal. The program offers 4

  10. International Mobility Program for Young Researchers from India and Nepal In order to strengthen the relationship and cooperation with India and Nepal, and taking into account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schenato, Luca

    International Mobility Program for Young Researchers from India and Nepal In order to strengthen the relationship and cooperation with India and Nepal, and taking into account the successful research activities-border research collaboration with advanced research groups coming from India and Nepal. The program offers 8

  11. Knowing and deciding: participation in conservation and development initiatives in Namibia and Argentina 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newsham, Andrew

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ’ in Namibia and the Alto Bermejo Project in Argentina. The concept of sustainability – of living in a way that meets both current and future needs – has led, on a global scale, to a re-casting of the relationship between conservation and development as one...

  12. Back to the future. [Forestry management in Nepal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pardo, R. (Chemonics International, Washington, DC (United States))

    1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    If the forests in the Himalayan mountain kingdom of Nepal were evenly distributed and accessible, they could likely meet the country's needs for forest products including the significant use of wood fuels. However, accelerated forest degradation and deforestation is occurring in Nepal. This article reviews how the 1992 Nepal Forestry Act substantially reallocates the responsibility for management of Nepal's forests between the central government and the local communities, dividing the forests into five different types: community, leasehold, government-managed, protected, and religious. Some of the problems created by the law's community forestry provisions are described. Since no guidelines for management are in the legislation nor are there objectives and standards for administration, changes in these areas could improve implementation and achieve sustainable forest development. 6 refs., 1 fig.

  13. Nepal Backgrounder: Ceasefire - Soft Landing or Strategic Pause?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Crisis Group

    2003-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Nepal’s slowness to modernise a society that is heavily dominated by issues of class, caste, ethnicity and geography. Economics and politics largely seem to be pursued as zero sum games, thus creating abiding cynicism within society and underscoring... as traditionally disadvantaged citizens have become more aware of rising levels of prosperity elsewhere in Asia. The Maoist insurgency has hurt the economy in multiple ways, undercutting investment, development spending, local infrastructure, educational...

  14. Diurnal cycle of air pollution in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal: Observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Panday, Arnico K.

    During the dry season of 2004–2005 we carried out field measurements of air pollution and meteorology in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal, a bowl-shaped urban basin in the Himalayan foothills of Nepal. We measured the trace ...

  15. Nepal --Nested DataParallelism in Haskell Manuel M. T. Chakravarty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chakravarty, Manuel

    Nepal -- Nested Data­Parallelism in Haskell Manuel M. T. Chakravarty University of New South Wales implementation. In the resulting system|which we call Nepal (NEsted PArallel Language), for short|a wide range

  16. Mechanical Analysis of Controls on Strain Partitioning in the Himalayas of Central Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Mechanical Analysis of Controls on Strain Partitioning in the Himalayas of Central Nepal V. Godard range. We focus on two structures in the Himalayas of central Nepal : the Main Himalayan Thrust (MHT

  17. Women’s Conditions in Community Forestry in Nepal- Deconstructing Causes and Underlying Ideas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Imani, Amirhossein

    Nepal is among the poorest and least developed countries in the world. It has a highly diverse society and geography. However, Nepal is governed by various intersecting codes of hierarchy. Religion, language, caste, ethnicity, and gender...

  18. Thermal Constraints on the Emplacement Rate of a Large Intrusive Complex: The Manaslu Leucogranite, Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , Nepal Himalaya. C. ANNEN1*, B. SCAILLET2 AND R. S. J. SPARKS3 1 SECTION DES SCIENCES DE LA TERRE The emplacement of the Manaslu leucogranite body (Nepal, Himalaya) has been modelled as the accretion

  19. Summer School in Nepal An International Summer Course (July 21st -

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rimon, Elon

    Summer School in Nepal An International Summer Course (July 21st - August 15th) - Engineering the course in Nepal." In 2008, Talesnick established, at Technion, Israel's first chapter of Engineers

  20. After years of research on captive elephant management in Nepal, UC anthropologist Dr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    After years of research on captive elephant management in Nepal, UC anthropologist Dr Piers Locke-elephant relations, biodiversity conservation and nature tourism in the Chitwan National Park, in Nepal. During

  1. The Diurnal Cycle of Air Pollution In the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 The Diurnal Cycle of Air Pollution In the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal by Arnico K. Panday A OF AIR POLLUTION IN THE KATHMANDU VALLEY, NEPAL by Arnico K. Panday Submitted to the Department of Earth study to date of the diurnal cycle of air pollution in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal ­ a bowl

  2. Seasonal modulation of seismicity in the Himalaya of Nepal L. Bollinger,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avouac, Jean-Philippe

    Seasonal modulation of seismicity in the Himalaya of Nepal L. Bollinger,1 F. Perrier,2 J.-P. Avouac; accepted 19 March 2007; published 26 April 2007. [1] For the period 1995­2000, the Nepal seismic network. Sapkota, U. Gautam, and D. R. Tiwari (2007), Seasonal modulation of seismicity in the Himalaya of Nepal

  3. Project EARTH-12-MPS1: Constraining channel flow and exhumation in the central Nepal Himalaya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henderson, Gideon

    Project EARTH-12-MPS1: Constraining channel flow and exhumation in the central Nepal Himalaya in Central Nepal where there are well-exposed sections close to recognised trekking routes, and possible­Dhaulagiri Himalaya, Nepal. Geosphere, 6 (4), 296­ 315; doi: 10.1130/GES00549.1 Streule, M.J., Searle, M.P., Waters, D

  4. Geochronologic and Thermobarometric Constraints on the Evolution of the Main Central Thrust, central Nepal Himalaya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrison, Mark

    , central Nepal Himalaya E.J. Catlos1 , T. Mark Harrison1 , Matthew J. Kohn2 , Marty Grove1 , F.J. Ryerson3. 4. Department of Geology, Tri-Chandra Campus, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal. Journal sampled along the Marysandi River and Darondi Khola in the Annapurna region of central Nepal show striking

  5. Gravity anomalies, crustal structure and thermo-mechanical support of the Himalaya of Central Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avouac, Jean-Philippe

    Gravity anomalies, crustal structure and thermo-mechanical support of the Himalaya of Central Nepal, Department of Mines and Geology, Lainchaur, Kathmandu, Nepal Accepted 2001 June 8. Received 2001 January 6; in original form 2000 February 4 SUMMARY We use two gravity profiles that we measured across Central Nepal

  6. Engineering Geology and Stability of the Laprak Landslide, Gorkha District, Western Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haneberg, William C.

    Engineering Geology and Stability of the Laprak Landslide, Gorkha District, Western Nepal NARAYAN Key Terms: Landslides, Rainfall, Seepage, Stability Analysis, Finite Element Analysis, Nepal ABSTRACT.70E, at about 2,150 m elevation along the Raizo Khola valley in the Gorkha District of western Nepal

  7. Water Crisis in the Nepal Himalayas -A case of too much, yet too little

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sukop, Mike

    Water Crisis in the Nepal Himalayas -A case of too much, yet too little Dr. Suresh Das Shrestha, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal Himalayan peaks with the legendary `eight thousanders' are referred, the Indus, the Ganges and the Brahmaputra, and Nepal lies in the middle of it. The five river basins

  8. The Remake of a State Post-conflict Challenges and State Building in Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    #12;The Remake of a State Post-conflict Challenges and State Building in Nepal Edited by Bishnu Raj, Ghimire S, editors. 2010. The Remake of a State: Post-conflict Challenges and State Building in Nepal. Copyright © 2010 by the SAs RCO, NCCR North-South, Kathmandu, Nepal. All rights reserved. ISBN: 978

  9. Exhumation, crustal deformation, and thermal structure of the Nepal Himalaya derived from the inversion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avouac, Jean-Philippe

    Click Here for Full Article Exhumation, crustal deformation, and thermal structure of the Nepal of thermochronological, thermometric, and thermobarometric data from the central Nepal Himalaya. We complement a data set of the Nepal Himalaya equally well. 1 Tectonics Observatory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena

  10. Landscape disequilibrium on 100010,000 year scales Marsyandi River, Nepal, central Himalaya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heimsath, Arjun M.

    Landscape disequilibrium on 1000­10,000 year scales Marsyandi River, Nepal, central Himalaya Beth, Hanover, NH 03755, USA c Himalayan Experience, PO Box 5674, Kathmandu, Nepal Received 1 October 2002 River in the central Nepal Himalaya has oscillated between bedrock incision and valley alluviation

  11. Topographic control of asynchronous glacial advances: A case study from Annapurna, Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heimsath, Arjun M.

    Topographic control of asynchronous glacial advances: A case study from Annapurna, Nepal Beth Pratt of asynchronous glacial advances: A case study from Annapurna, Nepal, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L24502, doi:10 10 Be dating [Zech et al., 2009]. Further east in Nepal, other glacial dating studies [Finkel et al

  12. Thermal metamorphism in the lesser Himalaya of Nepal determined from Raman spectroscopy of carbonaceous material

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avouac, Jean-Philippe

    Thermal metamorphism in the lesser Himalaya of Nepal determined from Raman spectroscopy of central and far-western Nepal, including data from near the MCT zone, where a comparison with conventional on the thermal evolution of the Himalaya in Nepal using the RSCM method. This emblematic geological setting

  13. Kinematics and Sedimentary Balance of the Sub-Himalayan Zone, Western Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Husson, Laurent

    Kinematics and Sedimentary Balance of the Sub-Himalayan Zone, Western Nepal Laurent Husson1 behavior of the prism, extrapolation of the sediment transfer to the entire western Nepal Siwalik is valid balance of the Sub-Himalayan Zone, western Nepal, in K. R. McClay, ed., Thrust tectonics and hydrocarbon

  14. Thirty-year history of glacier melting in the Nepal Himalayas Koji Fujita,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howat, Ian M.

    Thirty-year history of glacier melting in the Nepal Himalayas Koji Fujita,1 Lonnie G. Thompson,2 of glacier melting in the Nepal Himalayas, J. Geophys. Res., 111, D03109, doi:10.1029/2005JD005894. 1. Introduction [2] Rapid shrinkage of glaciers in the Nepal Himalayas has been observed during recent decades [e

  15. Miocene faulting at plate tectonic velocity in the Himalaya of central Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miocene faulting at plate tectonic velocity in the Himalaya of central Nepal Matthew J. Kohna, Tri-Chandra Campus, Ghantaghar, Kathmandu, Nepal, United States Received 7 April 2004; received (MCT) and affiliated faults in central Nepal. Inferred rates were 1.5F0.9 cm/yr (Langtang Thrust, ~19

  16. The Risks and Impacts of Portering on the Well-Being of Children in Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scharfstein, Daniel

    The Risks and Impacts of Portering on the Well-Being of Children in Nepal by Shannon Doocy,a Brian the likelihood of children entering the labor force. Nearly half of Nepal's population between 5 and 14 years was conducted among long distance child porters in Eastern Nepal. Porters were consistently less well off than

  17. India & Nepal Study Tour Walk in the Footsteps of Buddha and Gandhi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 India & Nepal Study Tour Walk in the Footsteps of Buddha and Gandhi 28 April ­14 May 2013 History: New Dehli, Allahabad, Varanasi, Sarnath, Bodh Gaya, Gorakhpur, Murera, Kushinagar, Lumbini, Nepal (currently, $135); Indian visa (currently $76. including processing); Nepal visa (currently $30, including

  18. Active folding of fluvial terraces across the Siwaliks Hills, Himalayas of central Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avouac, Jean-Philippe

    Active folding of fluvial terraces across the Siwaliks Hills, Himalayas of central Nepal J. Lave´1 of central Nepal, south of the Kathmandu Basin. The Main Frontal Thrust fault (MFT), which marks the southern analysis, complemented by geological investiga- tions in central Nepal. Active deformation in the Himalaya

  19. Geothermal fluxes of alkalinity in the Narayani river system of central Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Derry, Louis A.

    Geothermal fluxes of alkalinity in the Narayani river system of central Nepal Matthew J. Evans hot springs flow within the steeply incised gorges of the central Nepal Himalayan front. The spring of central Nepal, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 5, Q08011, doi:10.1029/2004GC000719. G 3 G 3Geochemistry

  20. Estimating the return times of great Himalayan earthquakes in eastern Nepal: Evidence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klinger, Yann

    Estimating the return times of great Himalayan earthquakes in eastern Nepal: Evidence from the Patu, Kathmandu, Nepal, 3 Earth Observatory of Singapore, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, Singapore not documented the occurrence of several similar events at the same location. In east central Nepal, however

  1. WHO REPORT ON THE GLOBAL TOBACCO EPIDEMIC, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO World Health Organization

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Malaysia*, Mauritius, Mongolia, Netherlands, New Zealand,Rica, Ecuador, Lebanon, Mongolia, Nepal, Papua New GuineaMalta, Marshall Islands, Mongolia*, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal*,

  2. Municipal solid waste management in Nepal: practices and challenges

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pokhrel, D. [Faculty of Engineering, University of Regina, 3737 Wascana Parkway, Regina, SK, S4S 0A2 (Canada); Viraraghavan, T. [Faculty of Engineering, University of Regina, 3737 Wascana Parkway, Regina, SK, S4S 0A2 (Canada)]. E-mail: t.viraraghavan@uregina.ca

    2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Solid waste management in Kathmandu valley of Nepal, especially concerning the siting of landfills, has been a challenge for over a decade. The current practice of the illegal dumping of solid waste on the river banks has created a serious environmental and public health problem. The focus of this study was to carry out an evaluation of solid waste management in Nepal based on published information. The data showed that 70% of the solid wastes generated in Nepal are of organic origin. As such, composting of the solid waste and using it on the land is the best way of solid waste disposal. This will reduce the waste volume transported to the landfill and will increase its life.

  3. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mexico Mongolia Morocco Mozambique Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Nigeria Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Coal &Mexico Mongolia Morocco Mozambique Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nigeria Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papua New Guinea Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Coal &

  4. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Coal Products ( 0 Exports Imports Laos Lebanon Libya Liechtenstein Macau Malaysia Mauritius Mexico Mongolia (Outer) Morocco Mozambique Nepal Netherlands New

  5. Epidemiologic and Economic Analysis of Avian Influenza in Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karki, Surendra

    2013-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    , Nepal. The estimated true prevalence of AI viruses (AIV) antibodies was 27.2% [95% Confidence Interval (CI): 24.6- 29.5]. Age of the ducks was identified as the only risk factor for AIV seropositivity. Ducks older than one year were more likely...

  6. Reflections on fieldwork among the Gurungs of Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macfarlane, Alan

    2003-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

      REFLECTIONS ON FIELDWORK AMONG THE GURUNGS OF NEPAL     These reflections on work among the Gurungs were filmed in the autumn of 2000 A.D. I talked into the camera in order to capture some of the reasons why I ended up doing fieldwork...

  7. The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh Ben Crow andIndia, tensions over water with Pakistan and Bangladesh mayso that both India and Pakistan could use the water, within

  8. Nepal-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Countries (SREP)1 Ethiopia Specific Documents2 Honduras Specific Documents3 Kenya Specific Documents4 Maldives Specific Documents5 Mali Specific Documents6 Nepal...

  9. PII S0016-7037(00)00379-3 Geologic control of Sr and major element chemistry in Himalayan Rivers, Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garzione, Carmala N.

    , Nepal N. B. ENGLISH,* J. QUADE, P. G. DECELLES, and C. N. GARZIONE Department of Geology, University) Abstract--Our study of the Seti River in far western Nepal shows that the solute chemistry of the river

  10. Earth Planets Space, 52, 329336, 2000 Rock magnetism of sediments in the Angola-Namibia upwelling system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yamazaki, Toshitsugu

    Earth Planets Space, 52, 329­336, 2000 Rock magnetism of sediments in the Angola-Namibia upwelling system with special reference to loss of magnetization after core recovery Toshitsugu Yamazaki1 , Peter A Magnetism, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455-0128, U.S.A. 3Hawaii Institute of Geophysics

  11. 9/4/12 Tigers in Nepal take the night shift to coexist with people -Indian Express 1/2www.indianexpress.com/news/tigers-in-nepal-take-the-night-shift-to-coexist-with-people/997714/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    9/4/12 Tigers in Nepal take the night shift to coexist with people - Indian Express 1/2www.indianexpress.com/news/tigers-in-nepal-take-the-night-shift-to-coexist-with-people/997714/ Key Words | Unfashion | Talk Updated: Tue, 4 Sep 2012 14:24 IST Share | Tigers in Nepal take the night shift

  12. Numerical modelling of erosion processes in the Himalayas of Nepal: effects of spatial variations of rock strength and precipitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demouchy, Sylvie

    Numerical modelling of erosion processes in the Himalayas of Nepal: effects of spatial variations of the morphology of mountain belts. Here we investigate the modalities of defor- mation in Central Nepal on a c that the pattern of uplift in Nepal is mainly dependent on both erodability and fault geometry, rather than

  13. Comparison of arsenic concentrations in simultaneously-collected groundwater and aquifer particles from Bangladesh, India, Vietnam, and Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Geen, Alexander

    particles from Bangladesh, India, Vietnam, and Nepal A. van Geen1* , K. Radloff1 , Z. Aziz1 , Z. Cheng1 , M University, Kirtipur, Kathmandu, Nepal Submitted to Applied Geochemistry, December 16, 2007 Accepted March 31 age in Vietnam and Nepal. We compare a total of 145 samples ranging in depth from 3 to 36 m that were

  14. Anita Ghimire Social and Territorial Impacts of Armed Conflct Induced Displacement and Livelihood of IDPs in Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    of IDPs in Nepal 1 Social and Territorial Impacts of Armed Conflct Induced Displacement and Livelihood of IDPs in Nepal CHAPTER EIGHT CONCLUSION, LIMITATION AND PRACTICAL APPLICATION The phenomenon of conflict also affects the neighbouring countries- particularly in the case of states like Nepal, where a strong

  15. Three-dimensional horizon reconstruction from outcrop structural data, restoration, and strain eld of the Baisahi anticline, Western Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Husson, Laurent

    of the Baisahi anticline, Western Nepal Laurent Hussona,*, Jean-Louis Mugnierb,1 a Ecole Normale SupeÂrieure de. AnapplicationtotheBaisahianticline,in the Subhimalayan range of Western Nepal, is presented. Cross-section balancing to constrain the evolution of the structure. The Subhimalayan range of Western Nepal is a southward tapering

  16. New Past for the Sake of a Better Future: Re-inventing the history of the Kirant in East Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    New Past for the Sake of a Better Future: Re-inventing the history of the Kirant in East Nepal Grégoire Schlemmer In the Hindu kingdom of Nepal, official history was for a long time only the genealogy. These publications are my main 1 Nepal is officially a "Hindu Constitutional Monarchical Kingdom." Brahmans

  17. Application of reliability concepts to the Nepal power system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Billinton, R.; Pandey, M.; Aboreshaid, S.; Fotuhi-Firuzabad, M. [Univ. of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan (Canada). Power Systems Research Group

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    In many of the less industrialized countries throughout the world, reliability is incorporated in power system planning and operation using traditional deterministic techniques. This is the case with the Nepal Power System (NPS), where developed expansion plans have been based on non-probabilistic criteria. This paper illustrates the application of probabilistic methods to reliability evaluation of the NPS. Evaluations at both the generation and composite generation and transmission system levels have been performed. The overall system and nine major load centers have been assessed. These load points carry in total more than 54% of the system load. An assessment of an expansion plan proposed by the Nepal Electricity Authority (NEA) has been performed. The results indicate the reliability implications associated with the system and the proposed expansion plan, and show that quantitative reliability evaluation of the NPS is both possible and practical.

  18. Key to Juniperus of Central Asia (from Turkmenistan/Iran through the former Soviet rev. 2/2011 Union, Pakistan and the Western Himalayas, including Nepal)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    /2011 Union, Pakistan and the Western Himalayas, including Nepal) 1a. All leaves acicular (subulate, jointed

  19. Population Dynamics and Environmental Degradation in Nepal: An Overview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uprety, Laya Prasad

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    discussed below. Increasing Demand for Cultivable Land Nepal has overwhelmingly an agrarian economy so that land is an important factor for growing food in order to feed the 48 Occasional Papers L.P. Uprely 49 rapidly increasing population. As stated earlier... ) develop alternative sources of energy such as exploitation of perennial water resources to generate hydroelectric power, develop solar power, wind power and bio-gas technology; (ii) develop and disseminate the teclmology of improved stove to save energy...

  20. Water Resources In Nepal: Institutional Analysis Based On Legal Provisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magar, Shyamu Thapa

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in order to avoid the social and environmental deterioration. The major emphasis has been given on the maximization of using water resources, private sector involvement, expansion of rural electrification with people's participation and development of fund... and the need for sustainable water manage­ ment is increasing due to the growing demand for domestic s. THAPA MAGAR: Water Resources in Nepal 195 consumption and agricultural use, which is shown as the importance of water in the life of Yarsha Khola people...

  1. Nepal forestry initiative: 1986-1987 annual report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kilpatrick, K.; Shen, S.Y.; Vyas, A.D.; Johnson, D.O.

    1988-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Nepal Forestry Initiative is a project developed through discussions between the US Agency for International Development (AID) and His Majesty's Government of Nepal and managed for AID by Argonne National Laboratory. The project seeks to facilitate widespread acceptance of multipurpose tree species cultivated under various production systems. Production systems selected for research and demonstration include alley cropping, contour hedgerow, and short rotation. A site in the Dhading District of the Mid-Hills Region of Nepal is serving as the first project site. Site delineation, shed construction, and the first stage of terrace building have been completed. Planting stock for several native species and some exotic species has been collected, and attempts to propagate these species in the nursery have begun. A socioeconomic survey of the people who will be directly affected by the project was conducted. It was followed by a survey to identify the multipurpose tree species being used by the local population. Two advisory committees -- a technical advisory committee and a social/cultural advisory committee -- have reviewed the initial project document and the progress through September 1987. Their written evaluations are appended to this report.

  2. Empowering Women: The Role of Economic Development, Political Culture and Institutional Design in the World’s Societies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander, Amy C.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Furthermore, Nigeria, Mongolia and India consistently scoreMadagascar Malawi, Mali, Mongolia Mozambique, Namibia,South Korea, Mauritius, Mongolia, Nigeria, Paraguay, Sri

  3. Attal, M., and Lav, 2006, Changes of bedload characteristics along the Marsyandi River (central Nepal): Implications for understanding hillslope sediment supply, sediment load evolution along fluvial networks, and denudation in active orogenic belts, in W

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (central Nepal): Implications for understanding hillslope sediment supply, sediment load evolution along of bedload characteristics along the Marsyandi River (central Nepal): Implications for understanding (Himalayas of central Nepal), and also in sediment source material from hillslopes (landslides, moraines

  4. Nepal-Climate Finance Readiness Programme | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpen EnergyNelsoniX Ltd Jump to: navigation, searchNepal-Climate

  5. Microsoft Word - Nepal_10km_solar_country_report.doc

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant JumpMarysville, Ohio:Menomonee| OpenMickey HotVII, Cologne, Germany, 29 JuneNepal

  6. The diurnal cycle of air pollution in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Panday, Arnico Kumar

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation describes the most comprehensive study to date of the diurnal cycle of air pollution in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal -- a bowl-shaped mountain valley of two million people with a growing air pollution ...

  7. Diurnal cycle of air pollution in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal: 2. Modeling results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Panday, Arnico K.

    After completing a 9-month field experiment studying air pollution and meteorology in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal, we set up the mesoscale meteorological model MM5 to simulate the Kathmandu Valley's meteorology with a ...

  8. Tectonic evolution of the Thakkahola Graben and Dhaulagiri Himalaya, Central Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hurtado, José Miguel, 1974-

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Three extensional fault systems intersect in the central Nepal Himalaya: the South Tibetan fault system (STFS); the Thakkhola graben; and structures bounding the Upper Mustang Massif (UMM). Interactions between these systems ...

  9. A Forest Community or Community Forestry? Beliefs, meanings and nature in north-western Nepal 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nightingale, Andrea J

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper I outline a history of community forestry in Nepal and highlight how it has been embedded within different understandings of ecosystems and development. In particular, the Theory of Himalayan Environmental ...

  10. Agrarian change and pre-capitalist reproduction on the Nepal Terai 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sugden, Fraser

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nepal occupies a unique global position as a peripheral social formation subject to decades of relative isolation from capitalism. Although the agrarian sector has long been understood to be dominated by pre-capitalist ...

  11. Reforming Small Power Systems under Political Volatility: The Case of Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nepal, Rabindra; Jamasb, Tooraj

    electricity systems in Nepal and other South Asian countries are inefficient and suffer from institutionalized corruption and persistent rent seeking behaviour together with poor economic governance of the power sector (Smith, 2004). 3. Major Reforms... electricity reforms initiatives was mooted after the creation of NEA by merging the Electricity Department, Electricity Boards and Nepal Electricity Corporation in 1985 in accordance with the provisions of NEA Act of 1984 (Thakur, 2002). The establishment...

  12. 9/4/12 Tigers Work the Night Shift in Nepal | LiveScience 1/8www.livescience.com/22876-tigers-humans-coexist.html

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    9/4/12 Tigers Work the Night Shift in Nepal | LiveScience 1/8www.livescience.com/22876-tigers Shift in Nepal #12;9/4/12 Tigers Work the Night Shift in Nepal | LiveScience 2/8www.livescience.com/22876-tigers-humans-coexist.html A Bengal tiger caught by a motion-activated camera in Nepal. CREDIT

  13. Correlation between biaxial stress and free exciton transition in AlN B. N. Pantha, N. Nepal, T. M. Al Tahtamouni, M. L. Nakarmi, J. Li,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Hongxing

    . Nepal, T. M. Al Tahtamouni, M. L. Nakarmi, J. Li, J. Y. Lin, and H. X. Jianga Department of Physics

  14. Journal of the Nepal Geological Society, Volume 38, Dec. 2008 1 EARTHQUAKES AND CRUSTAL STRUCTURE OF THE HIMALAYA FROM THE HIMALAYAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheehan, Anne F.

    Journal of the Nepal Geological Society, Volume 38, Dec. 2008 1 EARTHQUAKES AND CRUSTAL STRUCTURE OF THE HIMALAYA FROM THE HIMALAYAN NEPAL TIBET SEISMIC EXPERIMENT (HIMNT) Anne F. Sheehan1 , Thomas de la Torre1 Seismological Centre, Kathmandu, NEPAL3 Submitted on occasion of International Workshop on Seismology

  15. Records of the evolution of the Himalayan orogen from in situ Th-Pb ion microprobe dating of monazite: Eastern Nepal and western Garhwal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrison, Mark

    of monazite: Eastern Nepal and western Garhwal E.J. Catlos,1 * T. Mark Harrison,1 Craig E. Manning,2 Marty-1567, USA 3 Department of Geology, Tri-Chandra Campus, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal 4 Department rocks collected along two transects (the Dudh Kosi-Everest, eastern Nepal and the Bhagirathi River

  16. Natural resource management: A. I. D. 's experience in Nepal. Occasional paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chew, S.T.

    1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since 1980, the Agency for International Development (A.I.D.) has invested about $77 million in projects to improve Nepal's natural resource management. The paper reviews the two largest projects; it also describes how USAID/Nepal is supporting multidonor forestry projects. The review identifies several important lessons. USAID/Nepal has been more effective in influencing policymaking and institutional changes when supporting multidonor projects than when acting alone. The reviewed projects underscore the difficulty of implementing large projects that involve technologies far beyond the host country's capabilities. More importantly, they demonstrate that support for resource conservation need not always be technically sophisticated, but sometimes can -- and should -- begin by integrating research and extension activities into existing agricultural and rural development projects. To gain farmer support, such activities should increase livestock and tree production without compromising food crop production. Efforts to decentralize forestry management should not stop at the local government but should involve the affected communities themselves.

  17. 9/4/12 Night shifts of the tiger: Fearsome beasts in Nepal change their sleep patterns to avoid the humans wh... 1/11dailymail.co.uk/.../Night-shifts-tiger-Fearsome-beasts-Nepal-change-sleep-patterns-avoid-humans-us...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    9/4/12 Night shifts of the tiger: Fearsome beasts in Nepal change their sleep patterns to avoid the humans wh... 1/11dailymail.co.uk/.../Night-shifts-tiger-Fearsome-beasts-Nepal-change-sleep-patterns-avoid-humans-us... Night shifts of the tiger: Fearsome beasts in Nepal change their sleep patterns to avoid the humans who

  18. Pesticide use knowledge and practices: A gender differences in Nepal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Atreya, Kishor [Alternative Development and Research Center (ADRC), GPO BOX 20078, Kathmandu (Nepal)]. E-mail: k.atreya@gmail.com

    2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    It is important to understand gender difference on pesticide use knowledge, attitude and practices for identifying pesticide risks by gender and to recommend more gender-sensitive programs. However, very few studies have been conducted so far in Nepal. This study, thus, interviewed a total of 325 males and 109 females during 2005 to assess gender differences on pesticide use knowledge, attitude and practices. More than 50% females had never been to school and only <8% individuals were found trained in Integrated Pest Management (IPM). Almost all males and females did not smoke, drink and eat during pesticides application and also believed that pesticides are harmful to human health, livestock, plant diversity and their environment. However, there were gender differences on household decision on pesticides to be used (p<0.001), care of wind direction during spraying (p=0.032), prior knowledge on safety measures (p=0.016), reading and understanding of pesticides labels (p<0.001), awareness of the labels (p<0.001) and protective covers. Almost all respondents were aware of negative impacts of pesticide use on human health and environment irrespective of gender; however, females were at higher risk due to lower level of pesticide use safety and awareness. It is strongly recommended to initiate gender-sensitive educational and awareness activities, especially on pesticide use practices and safety precautions.

  19. What Caused the Winter Drought in Western Nepal during Recent Years?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, S-Y (Simon) [Simon; Yoon, Jin-Ho; Gillies, R.; Cho, Changrae

    2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Western Nepal has experienced consecutive and worsened winter drought conditions since 2000 culminating in a severe drought episode during 2008-2009. In this study, the meteorological conditons and a historical pespective of the winter droughts in western Nepal were analyzed using respectively instumental records and a paleoclimatic drought index. Althought decadal-scale drought conditions were found to be recurrent in the paleoclimate record, the severity of the recent decadal drought (since 2000) clearly stands out in the 700 years of record and, this is suggestive of potential anthropogenic influences in the recent decades. Meteorological diagnosis using atmospheric reanalysis in the recent decades revealed that (1) winter drought in western Nepal is linked to the Arctic Oscillation and its decadal variability, which initiates a tropospheric short-wave train across the Europe, Eurasia and South Asia, and that (2) the persistent warming of the Indian Ocean likely contributes to the suppression of rainfall through enhanced local Hadley circultion. It is therefore conceivable that the recent spells of decadal drought in Nepal drought are symptomatic of both natural variability and anthropogenic influences.

  20. Himalayan Semnopithecus entellus at Langtang National Park, Nepal: Diet, Activity Patterns,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norconk, Marilyn A.

    ; and deciduous mature leaves in the monsoon and fall. Supplemental resources, such as underground storage organs for overall vegetation abundance, positively relate to the consumption of soft underground storage organs provide foraging data from a field study of Himalayan langurs in Langtang National Park, Nepal at 3000

  1. Field Assessment Concerning Multiple Deprivations in Slums and Squatter Settlements in Kathmandu, Nepal 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Little, Adam

    2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study is the result of a field assessment conducted in slum communities and squatter settlements in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal from May 7th to May 26th. The purpose of this study is to determine the most significant and urgent deprivations...

  2. Survey of the information system in Nepal relating to new and renewable sources of energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report explores the role of information in Nepal in supporting energy development and use. Separate chapters are devoted to: Characteristics and activities of energy organizations and their staff; energy information needs of users; information sources used; and information dissemination and exchange.

  3. Detrital thermochronology and sediment petrology of the middle Siwaliks along the Muksar Khola section in eastern Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    Detrital thermochronology and sediment petrology of the middle Siwaliks along the Muksar Khola Formation in eastern Nepal along the Muksar Khola section for thermochronologic and sediment petrologic mountain belts preserve the exhumation record of their sediment source areas. Petrologic, thermochronologic

  4. From aspirations to “dream-trap”: nurse education in Nepal and Nepali nurse migration to the UK 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adhikari, Radha

    2011-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The migration of nurses is stimulating international debate around globalisation, ethics, and the effects on health systems. This thesis examines this phenomenon through nurses trained in Nepal who migrate to the UK. ...

  5. Using GIS and species distribution modelling techniques to determine new locations for botanical collecting surveys in Nepal 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnston, Christine

    2010-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Understanding botanical distributions and plant biodiversity is of importance to conservationists, and also to others such as land managers, biogeographers and horticulturalists. In Nepal, a globally important biodiversity hot-spot, many plant...

  6. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, Vol. 95, No. 3, pp. 12021208, June 2005, doi: 10.1785/0120040098 Broadband Seismic Noise Analysis of the Himalayan Nepal Tibet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheehan, Anne F.

    , doi: 10.1785/0120040098 Broadband Seismic Noise Analysis of the Himalayan Nepal Tibet Seismic at sites to stabilize after deployment noise as part of the Himalayan Nepal Tibet Seismic Experiment (HIMNT seismometer deployed in Nepal and Tibet and then compared them with the high-noise model and low-noise Model

  7. Energy analysis in rural regions: studies in Indonesia, Nepal, and the Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Atje, R.; Bajracharya, D.; Donovan, D.G.; Koppel, B.; Tarrant, J.

    1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Patterns in the use of fuelwood and related forms of energy in Indonesia, Nepal, and the Philippines are analyzed herein as an aid to future energy planning, policy, and technology development in rural southern Asia. Among the studies conclusions are that wood will continue to be the most important fuel for the next 5-10 years, and that variation in consumption and acquisition of fuelwood exists as the product of complex socioeconomic dynamics.

  8. Appropriate technology for planning hydroelectric power projects in Nepal: the need for assumption analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chandler, C.G.

    1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The study focuses on the project development process for hydroelectric project planning in Nepal. Chapter I describes the contrast between the vast potential for hydroelectric power development in Nepal and the current energy shortage within the country, not only for electricity, but for firewood and other fuel sources as well. Chapter II explores some of the unknown factors facing hydropower project planners in Nepal, where data for hydrologic, geologic, environmental, and sociological project components are lacking. The chapter also examines institutional and fiscal factors which constrain the planning process. Chapter III describes the critical role of assumptions in the project development process, and details the stages that a project goes through as it is planned. The chapter introduces the concept of assumption analysis as a technique for project planning, listing the potential conflict between the assumptions of foreign consultants and the host-country users of project outputs as an ingredient in the project's success or failure. Chapter IV demonstrates the mechanics and usefulness of assumption analysis through an Assumption Analysis Chart, which shows the interaction among project objectives, project alternatives, project assumptions, and the project development process. Assumption analysis techniques are expected to be useful among bilateral and multilateral aid donors servicing less developed countries.

  9. De la cosmologie tibetaine au mythe de l'Etat - Historiographie rnyingmapa (Nepal)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steinmann, Brigitte

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nepal German Research Centre. Nous publions par ailleurs l’ensemble du texte en traduction française dans ce même numéro, et nous remercions vivement Jean-Luc Achard de nous en avoir donné la possibilité, tout en rétablissant exactement les références... hommes et la nature: c’est-à- dire une métaphore sur l’importance de nourrir les êtres vivants et sur leur protection. En donnant cet exemple, [le Tamba] explique: Sa dang rdo ni ’brel La terre et la pierre sont liées ensemble Chu dang nya ni ’brel L...

  10. Nepal-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall, Pennsylvania: EnergyEnergyPPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Nepal-Pilot

  11. 9/4/12 Tigers in Nepal take the night shift to coexist with people | Business Standard 1/3www.business-standard.com/generalnews/news/tigers-in-nepal-takenight-shift-to-coexistpeople/52135/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    9/4/12 Tigers in Nepal take the night shift to coexist with people | Business Standard 1/3www | The strategist | smartinvestor.in | EPaper | SME | Power | BS 1000 | Northeast crisis | Coalgate scam Home with people Press Trust of India / Kathmandu September 04, 2012, 18:15 Ads by Google Environmental Degree

  12. Deforestation and food/fuel context: historico-political perspectives from Nepal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bajracharya, D.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The thesis of this paper is that the primary cause of deforestation in Nepal is the clearing of forests for agriculture and fodder and not the need for fuelwood. To successfully counteract deforestation and the resulting ecological damage, it is necessary to consider the full range of needs for rural people: food, fodder, building materials and fuel. This paper first examines the history of Nepalese government concerns from the 18th century to 1950, a period of subsistence agriculture and disregard for scientific farm and forestry management, then focuses on post 1950 government policies designed to conserve forest resources. It documents the influence of the global energy crisis on proposed solutions to Nepal's deforestation problems, especially in the area of international assistance. The nationalization of the forest in 1957 as a means of reducing deforestation was ineffective as it ignored the customs and needs of the local people. The 1976 Forest Plan recognizes the need for local participation but has yet to be implemented.

  13. Legal Pluralism, Cultural Contestation and Gender (In)justice: An Interpretation of Women?s Rights Cases in the Supreme Court of Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pradhan, Rajendra

    2010-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    activists filed numerous public interest litigations pertaining to women’s rights and gender justice in the Supreme Court of Nepal. These cases concerned a wide range of issues, including ancestral property, marriage, divorce, marital rape, sexual harassment...

  14. Economics of electricity production and distribution in rural areas of Nepal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rijal, K.; Bansal, N.K.; Grover, P.D. (Center for Energy Studies, Indian Inst. of Technology, Hauz Khas, New Delhi 110016 (IN))

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper aims at providing the comparative economics from a national perspective (economic analysis) and a users perspective (financial analysis) of low capacity (5-15 KW) electrical add-on systems and medium capacity (25-50 KW) electrical systems to provide electrical energy from various energy sources at three villages of Nepal, each from a different physiographic zone. In general, the increasing economic price of traditional energies coupled with deforestation in rural areas of developing countries and the increasing need for foreign exchange for import of fossil fuels, favors the judicial exploitation of renewable energy for electricity generation. The load factor is one of the most important factors that dictate the economic and financial supply price of electricity production and distribution. It is recommended that a detailed site-specific electricity demand analysis be carried out with appropriate end-use planning for decentralized rural electrification schemes.

  15. Improved fodder tree management in the agroforestry systems of central and western Nepal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karki, M.B.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ten, three year old, fodder tree species were evaluated at four on-station and three on-farm sites in Nepal. Ficus semicordata (Buchattam. ex Sm.) growth was found to be significantly higher than the rest in diameter and dry foliage weight values. Species were significantly different in height, diameter, and foliage and wood growth. Sites were significantly different in total height growth only. On-farm species evaluation indicated that A. lakoocha and F. semicordata had significantly higher growth. Allometric regression equations were developed to predict foliage, total wood, and total biomass yield of F. semicordata, and B. variegata. Individual-tree models were developed. For B. variegata, diameter at 50 cm. and for F. semicordata, crown diameter and height gave the best fitted equations. Regression equations for three sites did not differ significantly. Therefore, data were pooled and a common model was estimated for each species. In on-farm regression models, height and crown diameter were the best predictors for F. semicordata and dbh gave the best fit for B. variegata. The models for the two species were used to construct regional fodder and fuelwood biomass tables. An improved crop-livestock-fodder agroforestry system was designed for a village in Nepal. Linear programming was used to demonstrate the use of a tool to optimize land allocation maximizing net returns while satisfying the supply of minimum needs of food, fodder, and fuelwood. The optimal solution indicated that, by improving the returns to labor and by applying more compost, the village should be able to increase the annual net farm returns from NRs. 2.94 million to NRs. 3.85 million. The food, fodder and fuelwood production levels were shown to increase by 17%, 130%, and 537% respectively. The labor and compost requirements were up by 138% and 59% respectively, over the five year period. The soil loss through run-off was estimated to decrease by about 15% over the same period.

  16. Solar PV water pumping system for rural development in Nepal: Problems and prospects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shrestha, J.N. [Inst. of Engineering, Kathmandu (Nepal). Dept. of Electronics Engineering

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Although PV water pumping systems have high initial costs, they require virtually no maintenance, require no fuel and thus save foreign exchange. They are easy to install and operate, have no moving parts and hence are highly reliable and durable and are modular in nature for future expansion, PV systems are found to be competitive with conventional diesel generator systems. Despite the above mentioned facts policy makers are still not convinced that solar PV water pumping systems can support rural development. This paper gives reasons for the failures of some solar PV water pumping projects in Nepal. Development of solar electricity totaling about 800 KWp in Nepal is briefly highlighted. Basic preconditions are identified for the successful operation of solar PV water pumping systems. The findings of successful solar PV water pumping systems are highlighted with specific reference to socio-economic impacts in the rural society. Subsidy policy of the government on solar PV water pumping systems is analyzed. Development of a spontaneous market for community solar PV water pumping system is analyzed. Suggestions are given on how solar PV water pumping system can be made more affordable by village people. Typical Nepalese rural areas are found to be suitable and economical for SPVWPS. Site evaluation procedure is given. Finally, the paper indicates the important of training for the local people in installation, operation and routine maintenance to ensure the reliability of the SPVWPS. The paper emphasizes the involvement of end-users from the very beginning of planning stage of SPVWPS. Detail comparison between a SPVWPS and an equivalent diesel generator is also indicated in the paper.

  17. Countries with Estimated or Reported Tuberculosis Incidence, 2009 "High Incidence" areas are defined as areas with reported or estimated incidence of 20 cases per 100,000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Lawrence C.

    are defined as areas with reported or estimated incidence of 20 cases per 100,000 population Afghanistan Cook China India Namibia Sri Lanka Colombia Indonesia Nepal Sudan Comoros Iraq Nicaragua Suriname Congo Japan

  18. Radon emanation from giant landslides of Koefels (Tyrol, Austria) and Langtang Himal (Nepal)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Purtscheller, F.; Pirchl, T.; Sieder, G. [Universitaet Innsbruck (Austria)] [and others

    1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The identification of extremely high indoor radon concentrations in the village Umhausen (Tyrol, Austria) initiated a scientific program to get information about the source and distribution of this noble gas. The high concentrations can not be related to U anomalies or large-scale fault zones. The nearby giant landslide of Koefels, with its highly fractured and crushed orthogneisses, are the only possible source of radon, despite the fact that the U and Ra content of the rocks is by no means exceptional. The reasons for the high emanation rates from the landslide are discussed and compared to results gained from a similar examination of the giant landslide of Langtang Himal (Nepal). The exceptional geologic situation in both cases, as well as the spatial distribution of different concentration levels, indicate that both landslides must be considered as the production sites of radon. Independent of the U and Ra contents of the rocks, the most important factors producing high emanation rates are the production of a high active surface area in circulation pathways for Rn-enriched soil air by brittle deformation due to the impact of the landslidemass. 37 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

  19. Reforestation of degraded hills in Nepal: Review of silvicultural and management issues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karki, M.B.; Dickmann, D.I. (Michigan State Univ., East Lansing (United States))

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nepal's Middle Hill regions have been excessively deforested. The government has launched a community-based reforestation project with help of international donors. However, results have been far from satisfactory. Plantation targets have not been met and survival rates of the planted trees are poor averaging around 60%. Social factors are given more blame than technical ones for these failures. However, an analysis of the available information indicates, rather, that about two-thirds of the failures were due to technical and administrative reasons. Only about 13% of the failures could be attributed to social causes. Poor quality seeds are used to raise undersized seedlings which are planted improperly during the wrong time of the year. Species selected are not appropriate for the site or the people for whom the plantations are being created; rather they are selected for the ease of planting and to meet administrative targets. The overall trend has been to plant conifers (mainly pinus roxburghii) and to plant on relatively easy sites. The result has been the creation of forest plantations which often do not have any management plant, while the few which often do not have any management plan, while the few which do are without any committed managers. There is a tremendous lack of information regarding user demand, growth, yield, and harvesting and utilization techniques. This paper stresses that research to improve practical methods in plantation establishment and training to produce competent, and dedicated resource managers be immediately initiated.

  20. Gobar gas (biogas) survey in Nepal - 1979; a survey of three community biogas plants in Nepal - 1980; survey of present gobar gas work in India; and night soil gas plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bulmer, A.; Schlorholtz, A.; Fulford, D.J.; Peters, N.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The first of these documents investigates the success of a project to bring the use of Biogas to Nepal. 50 users and 24 non-users were interviewed. The conclusions were that use of biogas in Nepal is successful, providing clean kitchens, healthier lives, and saving forests. They cause no social problems, but the service company for the plants needs improvement. The second report shows that community plants relying on continued cooperation are fragile enterprises. One of the plants ended up being run by one family, the gas distributed according to the dung input by each family. The gas was not used fully. Technical problems were partly responsible for this. In the second village technical problems and social problems reduced the number of users to 5 families from 26. In the third case the plant fell into disrepair but the social pattern of using a common area for defecation to fill the plant benefitted from having a permanent enclosure built. This scheme charged for use of the gas to help run the plant but the technical and social problems stymied correction. The third report lists the activities of various gobar gas research stations in India. The fourth report gives directions and specifications to build a night soil gas plant, including working drawings.

  1. Complete Genome Sequence of Yersinia pestis Strains Antiqua andNepal516: Evidence of Gene Reduction in an Emerging Pathogen

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chain, Patrick S.G.; Hu, Ping; Malfatti, Stephanie A.; Radnedge,Lyndsay; Larimer, Frank; Vergez, Lisa M.; Worsham, Patricia; Chu, May C.; Andersen, Gary L.

    2006-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Yersinia pestis, the causative agent of bubonic andpneumonicplague, has undergone detailed study at the molecular level. Tofurther investigate the genomic diversity among this group and to helpcharacterize lineages of the plague organism that have no sequencedmembers, we present here the genomes of two isolates of the "classical"Antiqua biovar, strains Antiqua and Nepal516. The genomes of Antiqua andNepal516 are 4.7 Mb and 4.5 Mb and encode 4,138 and 3,956 open readingframes respectively. Though both strains belong to one of the threeclassical biovars, they represent separate lineages defined by recentphylogenetic studies. We compare all five currently sequenced Y. pestisgenomes and the corresponding features in Y. pseudotuberculosis. Thereare strain-specific rearrangements, insertions, deletions, singlenucleotide polymorphisms and a unique distribution of insertionsequences. We found 453 single nucleotide polymorphisms in protein codingregions, which were used to assess evolutionary relationships of these Y.pestis strains. Gene reduction analysis revealed that the gene deletionprocesses are under selective pressure and many of the inactivations areprobably related to the organism s interaction with its host environment.The results presented here clearly demonstrate the differences betweenthe two Antiqua lineages and support the notion that grouping Y. pestisstrains based strictly on the classical definition of biovars (predicatedupon two biochemical assays) does not accurately reflect the phylogeneticrelationships within this species. Comparison of four virulent Y. pestisstrains with the human-avirulent strain 91001 provides further insightinto the genetic basis of virulence to humans.

  2. The strontium isotopic budget of Himalayan rivers in Nepal and Bangladesh

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Galy, A. [CNRS, Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy (France). Centre de Recherches Petrographiques et Geochimiques] [CNRS, Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy (France). Centre de Recherches Petrographiques et Geochimiques; France-Lanord, C. [CNRS, Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy (France). Centre de Recherches Petrographiques et Geochimiques] [CNRS, Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy (France). Centre de Recherches Petrographiques et Geochimiques; [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States). Dept. of Geological Sciences; Derry, L.A. [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States). Dept. of Geological Sciences] [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States). Dept. of Geological Sciences

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Himalayan rivers have very unusual Sr characteristics and their budget cannot be achieved by simple mixing between silicate and carbonate even if carbonates are radiogenic. The authors present Sr, O, and C isotopic data from river and rain water, bedload, and bedrock samples for the western and central Nepal Himalaya and Bangladesh, including the monsoon season. Central Himalayan rivers receive Sr from several sources: carbonate and clastic Tethyan sediments, High Himalayan Crystalline (HHC) gneisses and granitoids with minor marbles, carbonates and metasediments of the Lesser Himalaya (LH), and Miocene-Recent foreland basin sediment from the Siwaliks group and the modern flood plain. In the Tethyan Himalaya rivers have dissolved [Sr] {approx} 6 {micro}mol/l and {sup 87}Sr/{sup 86}Sr {approx} 0.717, with a large contribution from moderately radiogenic carbonate. Rivers draining HHC gneisses are very dilute with [Sr] {approx} 0.2 {micro}mol/l and {sup 87}Sr/{sup 86}Sr {approx} 0.74. Lesser Himalayan streams also have low [Sr] {approx} 0.4 {micro}mol/l and are highly radiogenic ({sup 87}Sr/{sup 86}Sr {ge} 0.78). Highly radiogenic carbonates of the LH do not contribute significantly to the Sr budget because they are sparse and have very low [Sr]. In large rivers exiting the Himalaya, Sr systematics can be modeled as a mixture between Tethyan rivers, where slightly radiogenic carbonates (mean {sup 87}Sr/{sup 86}Sr {approx} 0.715) are the main source of Sr, and Lesser Himalaya waters, where extremely radiogenic silicates (> 0.8) are the main source of Sr. HHC waters are less important because of their low [Sr]. Rivers draining the Siwaliks foreland basin sediments have [Sr] {approx} 4 {micro}mol/l and {sup 87}Sr/{sup 86}Sr {approx} 0.725. Weathering of silicates in the Siwaliks and the flood plain results in a probably significant radiogenic (0.72--0.74) input to the Ganges and Brahamputra (G-B), but quantification of this flux is limited by uncertainties in the hydrologic budget. The G-B in Bangladesh show strong seasonal variability with low [Sr] and high {sup 87}Sr/{sup 86}Sr during the monsoon. Sr in the Brahmaputra ranges from 0.9 {micro}mol/l and 0.722 in March to 0.3 {micro}mol/l and 0.741 in August. The authors estimate the seasonally weighted flux from the G-B to be 6.5 {times} 10{sup 8} mol/yr with {sup 87}Sr/{sup 86}Sr = 0.7295.

  3. Nesting biology, morphological remarks, and description of the mature larva of Mellinus arvensis obscurus (Hymenoptera: Crabronidae) in Nepal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boesi, R.; Polidori, C.; Andrietti, F. [Dipartimento di Biologia, Sezione di Zoologia e Citologia, Universita degli Studi di Milano-Via Celoria, 26, 20133, Milan (Italy); Gayubo, S.F.; Tormos, J.; Asis, J.D. [Unidad de Zoologia, Facultad de Biologia, Universidad de Salamanca-37071, Salamanca (Spain)

    2007-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently re-named as a sub-species of Mellinus arvensis, Mellinus arvensis obscurus Handlirsch 1888 was investigated ecologically and morphologically in Nepal, in order to underline the most important differences with the well known M. arvensis arvensis. Mellinus arvensis obscurus females nested in clumped aggregations on inclined plains at high altitudes, both on sunny bare soil and on a shaded grassy one. Beginning of monsoon season probably interfered with wasp activity, and females performed few provisioning flights during the day. Prey consisted of a broad range of Diptera, except for one case of a spider. Many females were observed not provisioning a nest but floating on the nesting site, and many intraspecific interactions suggested a high degree of usurpation attempts. At least one species of flies and two of ants probably acted as natural enemies of the wasp. Morphological observations on females showed that the Nepal population shares more similarities (shape of tergite I, body punctation) with the European populations than with the closer Japanese population; melanization is strong, according to west-east and altitudinal cline. The mature larva of M. arvensis obscurus Handlirsch is described, illustrated, and compared with the other mature larva of the genus. The differences between both larvae mainly lie in the presence/absence, and number or differentiation of integumental structures. We conclude that morphological traits are more important than ecological and behavioral ones in distinguishing M. arvensis obscurus from M. arvensis arvensis. (author) [Spanish] En el presente articulo se aportan los resultados y conclusiones de un estudio, llevado a cabo en Nepal, en el que se abordaron aspectos ecologicos, comportamentales y morfologicos (tanto del ultimo estado de la fase larvaria como del adulto) de Mellinus arvensis obscurus Handlirsch 1888. El principal objetivo del estudio radicaba en mostrar las principales diferencias que separan a esta subespecie de la bien estudiada subespecie nominal. Mellinus arvensis obscurus nidifica a gran altitud, en terreno inclinado, con y sin vegetacion, expuesto en mayor o menor medida al sol y en agregaciones muy compactas. Durante la estacion lluviosa la hembras llevan a cabo pocos vuelos de aprovisonamiento. Las presas pertenecen al orden de los dipteros, aunque, en una ocasion se observo el aporte de una arana. Gran numero de las interacciones intraespecificas observadas sugieren un alto grado de intentos de usurpacion de nidos. Los enemigos naturales mas sobresalientes pertenecen al orden de los dipteros y a la familia de los formicidos. Del estudio morfologico del adulto, mencionaremos que la foma del terguito 1 y la escultura del cuerpo, en las hembras de las poblaciones del Nepal, son mas semejantes a los de las hembras de las poblaciones europeas que no a los de las japonesas. De la fase larvaria se describe el ultimo estado larvario, a la vez que se compara con la otra larva madura ya descrita del genero. Las diferencias entre ambas larvas maduras radican en la presencia/ausencia, numero o diferenciacion de las estructuras tegumentarias. El estudio finaliza concluyendo que los rasgos morfologicos son mas importantes, que los aspectos ecologicos y comportamentales, a la hora de establecer una separacion entre las dos subespecies (author)

  4. Domestic smoke pollution and acute respiratory infections in a rural community of the hill region of Nepal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pandey, M.R.; Neupane, R.P.; Gautam, A.; Shrestha, I.B. (Mrigendra Medical Trust, Kathmandu (Nepal))

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Acute respiratory infections (ARI) are the cause of death for at least five million children per year under five years of age. Most of these deaths occur in developing countries. Domestic smoke pollution is very common in many parts of the developing world, and appropriate technology, such as smokeless stoves, is available to reduce this type of pollution. The present study has been undertaken in a rural community of the hill region of Nepal to find out if there is any association between domestic smoke pollution and ARI in infants and children younger than two years of age. This preliminary study showed that episodes of moderate and severe ARI increased with increases in the level of exposure to domestic smoke pollution, thus suggesting domestic smoke pollution to be an important, preventable risk factor of ARI.

  5. Nepal's New Political Landscape

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Crisis Group

    2008-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

    . THE NEW GOVERNMENT: CONSENSUS OR COMPETITION?.........................................................18 VI. MOVING FORWARD.................................................................................................... 19 A. THE HEART OF THE POWER... ...................................................................................................29 D. ABOUT THE INTERNATIONAL CRISIS GROUP ..............................................................................30 E. CRISIS GROUP REPORTS AND BRIEFINGS ON ASIA......................................................................31 F...

  6. Nepal's Constitutional Process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Crisis Group

    2007-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Parties and the Maoists, 28 November 2006. 5 Royal proclamation, 24 April 2006, reproduced in Crisis Group Report, From People Power To Peace?, op. cit., p. 31. constitutional change at the heart of peacebuilding and efforts to tackle deep... and dalit groups remained dissatisfied.51 Enlarged membership 43 Sangroula suggested that asking lawyers to reach the political compromises necessary for a constitution was “like getting seven vets to do heart surgery.” Crisis Group interview...

  7. Buddhism in Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dutt, Nalinaksha

    1966-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

    with consecrated water. He is asked to observe five additio­ nal precepts i.e. ten siksapadas in all, viz, abstention f10m enjoying dances, from use of ornamental articles, flOm sleeping on high bed, from taking food beyond fixed time, and from touching gold end... of Kathmandu on its south-east. Of these, one Caitya is in the centre of the town and four in the four corners around the twon. Caityas are just hemis­ pherical mounds of bricks on a brick platform. Against the sides of the Caitya there are inset vaults...

  8. Nepal: Beyond Royal Rule

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Crisis Group

    2005-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    to monitor political activities and the civil service at the local level.9 Palace appointees, given power to dismiss government officials, have supplanted elected District Development Committee chairmen. Civil service unions have been banned, supposedly... Council, which regulates NGO and INGO work, may also constrict development projects, especially if the proposed new code of conduct is as politically restrictive as some experts fear. Major development partners share a sense of unease. Norway has...

  9. Nepal: Obstacles to Peace

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Crisis Group

    2003-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

    not stand the test of time. By the reckoning of almost all involved, any peace deal will require some form of constitutional amendment, or even the preparation of a new constitution. Without the broad buy-in of society, constitutional revision... . However, five days later, an RNA spokesperson indicated that the military would not restrict its movements until the Maoists returned weapons looted from it during the war.35 This set off confusing and continuing exchanges regarding whether...

  10. CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duke, J.A.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The contents of this book are: Introduction; Kenya; Korea (Republic of); Lesotho; Liberia; Malagasy; Malawi; Mali; Mauritania; Mexico, Mozambique, Nepal; Nicaragua; Niger; Nigeria; Pakistan; Panama; Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Rwanda; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Somalia; Sri Lanka; Sudana; Surinam; Swaziland; Tanzania; Thailand; Togo; Uganda; Uruguay; Venezuela; Zaire; Zambia; Appendix I. Conventional and Energetic Yields; Appendix II, Phytomass Files; and References.

  11. Sustainable Land Management in Northern Namibia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and low water holding capacity (Bolivia) #12;Perspective Similar soil (Kavango) #12;Increased Demand for Food + Energy Production Expansion onto Less Resilient Lands Reduced Production per Unit Area

  12. Bicon Namibia Consulting Engineers | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDIT REPORT Americium/CuriumAguaBBBWind LtdFengliBenjaminBhoruka

  13. Africa: Prosperous times

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Political instability and corruption is the rule, rather than the exception, in Africa`s main producing regions, but exploration and production prospects there are bright and attractive to foreign operators. The paper discusses exploration, drilling, resource development, and production in Nigeria, Libya, Algeria, Egypt, Angola, Congo, Gabon, and Tunisia. The other countries of Africa are briefly mentioned, i.e., Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, South Africa, Sudan, Namibia, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Zaire, Mozambique, Ghana, Niger, and Seychelles.

  14. Mozambique: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRose BendMiasole IncMinutemanVistaZephyr)Mountain Air JumpIVMozambique:

  15. Mozambique-NREL Cooperation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLu anMicrogreenMoon LakeMountain Electric Coop,accrediation

  16. Nepal's Future: In Whose Hands?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Crisis Group

    2009-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

    ), UCPN(M), has offered too little proof it will genuinely forgo armed revolution in favour of accepting the rules of a politically pluralist game. Mutual recriminations and heightened suspicions have prompted further reconsideration of the assumptions... -term intent. All parties are neglecting the foundations of the peo- ple’s movement that they themselves had framed in November 2005: a “peaceful movement launched on the basis of these understandings centred on democracy, peace, prosperity, forward...

  17. Constitutional Environment and Entrepreneurship: An Empirical Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Wei

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Malta Mauritius Moldova Montenegro Namibia NetherlandsMalta Mauritius Moldova Montenegro Namibia NetherlandsMalta Mauritius Moldova Montenegro Namibia Netherlands

  18. Turmoil doesn`t dampen enthusiasm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper discusses the outlook for the African gas and oil industries. Though Africa remains politically and economically volatile, its vast energy potential is becoming increasingly attractive to foreign oil and gas companies. Separate evaluations are given for Algeria, Egypt, Nigeria, Angola, Libya, Congo, Gabon, Tunisia, Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, and briefly for South Africa, Sudan, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Zaire, Benin, Mozambique, Chad, Namibia, Tanzania, Eritrea, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Morocco, Sao Tome and Principe, Ethiopia, Niger, Madagascar, Rwanda, Mauritania, Seychelles, Uganda, and Liberia.

  19. The Biology and Conservation of the Damara Tern in Namibia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Villiers, Marienne

    Chapter 7 The impacts of diamond mining activities on breeding Damara Terns Sterna balaenarum in southern and faces several conservation issues. The aim of this study was to provide a description of the ecology

  20. MHK Projects/GPP Namibia | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:LandownersLuther, Oklahoma: EnergyMARECInformation kW

  1. Namibia-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLu anMicrogreenMoonNASA/AmesNS Solar05Zip Category

  2. Nepal: Applications of Renewable Energy Technologies - Datasets...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Alternate Energy Promotion Centre There is no description for this organization Social Google+ Twitter Facebook License Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Open Data...

  3. Forest, People's Participation and Conflicts in Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Regmi, Rishikeshab Raj

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . There are 5 regional centres, 14 zones, 75 districts and about 4000 Village Development Committees (VDCs) which play vital role as administrative and political units. The mountain region ranges from 5000 meters to 8000 meters in altitude which constitutes... . The contribution of forestry to agriculture has given rise to the concept of agro-lorestry. FOrl:SI supplies fodder for livestock, fuclto villagers for heating and cooking. Wood has even now remained a dominant domestic fuel for rural people. Fuelwood provides...

  4. Sociology in Nepal: Underdevelopment Amidst Growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mishra, Chaitanya

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -and struggles generated by the twin crises of feudalism and religious faith, the working out of reformation and renaissance, the rise of capitalism and, later, of the structure of democracl· This large­ scale and drawn-out dislocation and crises could find... founded. Intellectual frameworks aligned with feudalism and faith were rendered incommensurate for the comprehension, explanation, prediction of, and intervention into, the processes of struggle and transformation as also of the transformed social world...

  5. Livelihood Insecurity and Social Conflict in Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    traditional power relations and practices of social exclusion. To this date, the 19-day Jana Andolan II of these achievements requires sound livelihood security for the Nepalese people. As more than 30.9per cent2 of total population falls below poverty line, it is a tremendous challenge to initiate an inclusive development

  6. Nepal-NREL Cooperation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpen EnergyNelsoniX Ltd Jump to: navigation,SNV-Climate

  7. Culture, cooperation, and planning for development in Maputo, Mozambique

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Laura Andreae

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cooperation projects rooted in cultural ties, such as South-South cooperation, are contemporarily receiving unprecedented attention from the international development community. This focus on specific types of partnerships ...

  8. U.S. and Mozambique Hold Bilateral Discussions on Prosperous...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    partnerships to strengthen both U.S. and Mozambican energy security and build a more sustainable energy future. He invited government, civil society and private industry...

  9. Assessing the impact of improved agricultural technologies in rural Mozambique.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cunguara, Benedito

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for future climate change, Agriculture, Ecosystems andclimate change and global warming is a translucent reality, potentially with severe implications to African agriculture.climate change and global warming. Some studies predict that global warming will significantly and negatively affect African agriculture [

  10. Mozambique-African Climate Change Resilience Alliance | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRose BendMiasole IncMinutemanVistaZephyr)Mountain Air JumpIV

  11. Mozambique-Accrediation of NIE | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLu anMicrogreenMoon LakeMountain Electric Coop,accrediation of

  12. Mozambique-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLu anMicrogreenMoon LakeMountain Electric

  13. Mozambique-Accrediation of NIE | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant JumpMarysville,Missoula,MontereyHill,Spurr Geothermal

  14. Mozambique-Biofuels, Land Access and Rural Livelihoods | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant JumpMarysville,Missoula,MontereyHill,Spurr GeothermalInformation Biofuels, Land

  15. Mozambique-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant JumpMarysville,Missoula,MontereyHill,Spurr GeothermalInformation Biofuels,

  16. Mozambique-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant JumpMarysville,Missoula,MontereyHill,Spurr GeothermalInformation Biofuels,(RECP)

  17. WHO Technical Manual on Tobacco Tax Administration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Nepal, New Zealand, Papua Newonly Gambia Ghana Kenya Kyrgyzstan Malawi Nepal Papua New

  18. Interviews of Dilmaya Gurung of Nepal, by Alan Macfarlane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macfarlane, Alan

    2015-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

    planning (Laproscopy). In Pokhara, Father Bhuwansing took me to hospital for treatment. After treatment, I stayed for 10 days in Pokhara and had an energy diet. The diet was provided by Father Bhuwansing. The diet was eggs, meat and ghee. Then I... for some time the pure ghee is made and we put it in the containers. Sometime I make local wine. The process of wine making is difficult and tedious. For this process, first of all water is boiled in a big pot ( container ) and two or three Pathi...

  19. Towards a Lasting Peace in Nepal: The Constitutional Issues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Crisis Group

    2005-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    dominated by conflicting factions within the royal family and a few elite families. Administrative power resided with a small group of royal officials, the Bharadars.8 Even today, a small knot of noble families close to King Gyanendra play a...

  20. Nepal's New Alliance: The Mainstream Parties and the Maoists

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Crisis Group

    2005-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    -parliamentary forces steadily consolidated their positions, the main parliamentary parties – and factions within each of them – were preoccupied with using their urban cadres to pursue purely partisan objectives. Within the NC, rival factions led by Krishna Prasad... royalist and Maoist attempts to encroach on the parliamentary system. But the parties’ sustained neglect of mass politics since 1999, their narrow focus on Kathmandu intrigues, and their factional infighting and jockeying for power eroded popular...

  1. Nepal's Royal Coup: Making a Bad Situation Worse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Crisis Group

    2005-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

    bodies such as the National Investigation Department, state security forces total approximately 140,000. Soldiers are equipped with a range of weapons, including self-loading rifles, Indian INSAS rifles and American M- 16s. The Air Service operates... .45 The government also plans to buy a fifth MI-17 helicopter.46 C. TWO DIFFERENT WARS The intensification of military operations has been driven by very different strategic considerations and tactical techniques. In effect, the Maoists...

  2. Nepal-Climate Change Support Programme | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcerns Jump to: navigation,Nebraska/WindNeedham,AFB

  3. Nepal-Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcerns Jump to: navigation,Nebraska/WindNeedham,AFBInformation

  4. Nepal-USAID Climate Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcerns Jump to:

  5. Nepal-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpen EnergyNelsoniX Ltd Jump to: navigation,

  6. Nepal-Climate and Carbon Unit | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpen EnergyNelsoniX Ltd Jump to: navigation,SNV-Climate and

  7. Nepal-DLR Resource Assessments | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpen EnergyNelsoniX Ltd Jump to: navigation,SNV-Climate andDLR

  8. Nepal-Sectoral Climate Impacts Economic Assessment | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpen EnergyNelsoniX Ltd Jump to:

  9. Nepal-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpen EnergyNelsoniX Ltd Jump

  10. Nepal-GTZ Energy Efficiency Program | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall, Pennsylvania: EnergyEnergy

  11. Nepal-Sectoral Climate Impacts Economic Assessment | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall, Pennsylvania: EnergyEnergyPPCR) Jump to: navigation, search

  12. Above-and Belowground Carbon Stocks in a Miombo Woodland Landscape of Mozambique

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , fuel, medicine and construction materials to larger-scale carbon and water management services. More prompted increasing attention to the preservation of carbon stocks in tropical ecosystems. The development on knowledge of the magnitude of such carbon stocks. Indeed Houghton (2005) shows that knowledge of the car

  13. Carbon cycling, fire and phenology in a tropical savanna woodland in Nhambita, Mozambique 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryan, Casey Merlin

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the savanna woodlands of Southern Africa, locally know as miombo, carbon cycling is poorly quantified and many of the key processes remain obscure. For example, seasonal constraints on productivity and leaf display ...

  14. U.S. and Mozambique Hold Bilateral Discussions on Prosperous and

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO Overview OCHCOSystems Analysis Success|Sustainable Energy Future | Department of Energy

  15. U.S. and Mozambique Hold Bilateral Discussions on Prosperous and

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently AskedEnergyIssuesEnergyTransportation&Department

  16. Mozambique-National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP-GSP) |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLu anMicrogreenMoon LakeMountain Electric Coop,accrediationOpen

  17. Sulfate reduction and methane oxidation in continental margin sediments influenced by irrigation (south-east Atlantic off Namibia)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fossing, H.; Ferdelman, T.G.; Berg, P.

    2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sulfate reduction rates (SRR) and concentrations of SO{sub 4}{sup 2{minus}}, H{sub 2}S, pyrite sulfur, total sulfur, CH{sub 4}, and organic carbon were measured with high depth resolution through the entire length of the SO{sub 4}{sup 2{minus}}-zone and well into the CH{sub 4}-xone at two continental slope stations in the eastern South Atlantic (Benguela upwelling area). The sediments were characterized by a high organic carbon content of approx. 7.5% at GeoB 3703 and 3.7% at GeoB 3714. At GeoB 3703 SO{sub 4}{sup 2{minus}} concentrations decreased linearly with depth to about 40 {micro}M at the sulfate-methane transition zone (SMT) at 3.5 m, while at GeoB 3714, SO{sub 4}{sup 2{minus}} remained at sea water concentration in the top 2 m of the sediment and then decreased linearly to about 70 {micro}M at the SMT at 6 m. Direct rate measurements of SRR ({sup 35}SO{sub 4}{sup 2{minus}}) showed that the highest SRR occurred within the surface 3--5 cm with peak rates of up to 20 and 7 nmol SO{sub 4}{sup 2{minus}} cm{sup 3}/day at GeoB 3703 and GeoB 3714, respectively. SRR decreased quasi-exponentially with depth at GeoB 3703 and the cumulative SRR over the length of the SO{sub 4}{sup 2{minus}} zone resulted in an areal SRR of 1114--3493 {micro}mol/m{sup 2} day at GeoB 3703 with more than 80% of the total sulfate reduction proceeding in the top 30 cm sediment. Modeled SRR balanced both methane oxidation rates and measured SRR within the SMT, but severely underestimated by up to 89% the total SRR{sub area} that were obtained from direct measurements. Modeled and measured SRR were reconciled by including solute transport by irrigation described by a non-local pore water exchange function ({alpha}) which had values of up to 0.3 year{sup {minus}1} in the top sediment, and decreased exponentially to zero (i.e., no irrigation) at 2--3 meters (i.e., above SMT). These results suggested that co-existing sulfate reduction processes and linear SO{sub 4}{sup 2{minus}} gradients can be maintained by a non-local transport mechanism such as irrigation, by which pore water in tubes or burrows is exchanged with bottom waters by activities of tube-dwelling animals, or some similar physical transport phenomenon (i.e., bubble ebullition).

  18. Making migration safer Policy Message

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    : India, Kyrgyzstan, Nepal, Pakistan #12;.......................... Remittance economies in Asia Migration

  19. The political economy of labor market liberalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choung, Jinhee Lee

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lanka Mozambique Peru Kazakhstan Korea Georgia SwitzerlandThailand (2004), and Kazakhstan In addition to globalizationVietnam Taiwan Mozambique Kazakhstan Ukraine Georgia Korea

  20. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for 1980 (NDP-055)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.

    2002-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980. The biomass data and carbon estimates are associated with woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with estimating historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth's land surface and is comprised of countries that are located in tropical Africa (Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Benin, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Guinea-Bissau, Zimbabwe (Rhodesia), Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Burkina Faso (Upper Volta), Zaire, and Zambia). The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{trademark} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

  1. African oil plays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clifford, A.J. (BHP Petroleum, Melbourne, Victoria (Australia))

    1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The vast continent of Africa hosts over eight sedimentary basins, covering approximately half its total area. Of these basins, only 82% have entered a mature exploration phase, 9% have had little or no exploration at all. Since oil was first discovered in Africa during the mid-1950s, old play concepts continue to bear fruit, for example in Egypt and Nigeria, while new play concepts promise to become more important, such as in Algeria, Angola, Chad, Egypt, Gabon, and Sudan. The most exciting developments of recent years in African oil exploration are: (1) the Gamba/Dentale play, onshore Gabon; (2) the Pinda play, offshore Angola; (3) the Lucula/Toca play, offshore Cabinda; (4) the Metlaoui play, offshore Libya/Tunisia; (5) the mid-Cretaceous sand play, Chad/Sudan; and (6) the TAG-I/F6 play, onshore Algeria. Examples of these plays are illustrated along with some of the more traditional oil plays. Where are the future oil plays likely to develop No doubt, the Saharan basins of Algeria and Libya will feature strongly, also the presalt of Equatorial West Africa, the Central African Rift System and, more speculatively, offshore Ethiopia and Namibia, and onshore Madagascar, Mozambique, and Tanzania.

  2. Design and Field-test of Solar-passive Thermal Refugia for Overwintering Mozambique Tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) in Central Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Putegnat, John William

    2013-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    was installed in each of six similar-sized ponds on the Triple JJJ Ranch of Somerville, Texas, during the winter of 2006-07. Chlorophyll a concentrations were generally higher within the refugia than in the ambient water outside, but temperature was not...

  3. Forestry and Farming System In the Mid-Hills of Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Upadhyay, Kiran Dutta

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    farmers are held responsible fur enviro­ nmental destruction ,{S if they had a choice of resources to depend on for their livelihood, when they really don't. In the context of i)asic survival. today's needs tend to overshadow consi­ deration... there existed a few traditional rules for forest management and protection. However, govarnment nationali ­ zation of the forest had adversa impact. Unfortunately, the Act was misunderstood by the people, who balieved the Government had deprived them...

  4. The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    point, here we focus on India's policy of bilateralism, andRose, L. (1987). India's regional policy: nonmilitarypolicy interests by improving cooperation between India and

  5. The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the promotion of hydroelectric power is not known. Bothwas primarily focused on hydroelectric power coming from theirrigation and hydroelectric power generation schemes better

  6. Crustal melting in the Himalayan orogen : field, geochemical and geochronological studies in the Everest region, Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viskupic, Karen M. (Karen Marie), 1975-

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A combination of field studies and geochemical techniques were used to investigate the timing and processes involved in leucogranite generation in the Everest region of the Himalayan orogen. Geochemical investigations ...

  7. Detrital geochronology and geochemistry of CretaceousEarly Miocene strata of Nepal: implications for timing and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Najman, Yani

    rocks has traditionally relied upon petrographic data sets from sandstones [1]. In regions where source of northern Pakistan and India as Early to Middle Eocene (~52 Ma). Eocene strata in the Tethyan portion of the central part of the Himalayan orogenic belt consist of shallow marine carbonate rocks that lack evidence

  8. Understanding the Participation of Marginal Groups in Annapurna Conservation Area, Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dahal, Smriti

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    community involvement in planning, implementation and monitoring of programs has been broadly encouraged, especially in developing countries. Although considered a more effective alternative to top down decision making, participatory conservation initiatives...

  9. The Decade of Violent Destabilisation in Nepal: An Analysis of its Historical Background and Trajectory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bleie, Tone

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -Beijing and pro-Moscow factions) were not considered as real a contender for power as was the Congress. The Beijing faction was thus assisted in order to undermine the Congress's support-base. The Panchayat regime also received considerable aid from the Maoist...

  10. All in the Family: Money, Kinship and Theravada Monasticism in Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gellner, David N; LeVine, Sarah

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    again lIsed her foreign contacts to secure a place for the girl in a Sri Lankan nunnery school which featured English ill its curriculum. Nuns sometimes make arrdngements for young male relatives and vice versa. A monk named Kos 11a tells how, as a young... . Bombay: Oxford University Press. Khare. R. S. ~984. The Untouchable as Himself: Ideology. Identity. and Pra?rna~lsm among Lucknow Cambarus. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. March, Kathryn S. 1987. Hospitality. Women, and the Eflicacy of Beer. Food...

  11. Systematics and phylogeographic studies of Berberis L. (Berberidaceae) in the Nepal Himalaya 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adhikari, Bhaskar

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Berberis L. contains more than 500 species, is the largest genus in the Berberidaceae, and is now recognised to comprise Berberis s.s. with simple leaves and compoundleaved species formally ascribed to Mahonia. Because ...

  12. Nature-Society and Development: Social, Cultural and Ecological Change in Nepal 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nightingale, Andrea J

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents a theoretical framework for analyzing human-environment issues that examines shifting, dialectical relationships between social and power relations, cultural beliefs and practices, and ecological ...

  13. Sample survey of traditional water wheels and small water turbines in nepal: a preliminary report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joshi, C.B.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The main purposes of this survey were to study the technical, economical, and social aspects of water wheels and turbines; to assess the possibility of developing these modern and traditional technologies together or improving them separately; to assess the awareness of the local people of the need for improvement on their existing technologies; and to find out the possible role of RECAST for mutual cooperation. This survey is intended to provide planners financiers, researchers, and manufacturers with further information regarding better use of small hydro resources and locally available skills for development.

  14. A theory of sustained cooperation with evidence from irrigation institutions in Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pokharel, Atul

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Why do some locally based institutions for using and managing shared resources survive, adapt and continue to perform well in the face of changing circumstances while others decline and disappear? To answer this, I revisited ...

  15. Nepal-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall, Pennsylvania: EnergyEnergyPPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name

  16. From Nepal to JLab â€" One Scientist's Journey (Daily Press) |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist.Newof Energy Forrestal NTFusion EnergyofJefferson Lab

  17. International Conference on Luminescence and Electron Spin Resonance Dating, A re-evaluation of the age of the Homeb Silts, Namibia.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bourke, Mary C.

    -setting it is possible that minimum OSL ages may be more reliable than the existing TL dates. The OSL data revise10th International Conference on Luminescence and Electron Spin Resonance Dating, Reno, 2002 A re and Thermoluminescence. The age estimates lie between ~23,000 and 17,000 BP. On the bases of these results and field

  18. Postcards from Beijing: Annual Meeting Abstracts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vohra, Rais; Wananukul, Winai; Dawson, Andrew H.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    W. Wananukul Ramathibodi Poison Control Center, MahidolSaroj Nepal. Nepal Drug and Poison Information Center,done for all calls to a poison center related to muscarinic

  19. Stratigraphy and geochronology of the Tambien Group, Ethiopia: Evidence for globally synchronous carbon isotope change in the Neoproterozoic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    glaciation in Namibia: Sedimentology, v. 58, p. 57–119, doi:AND DISCUSSION Physical Sedimentology and Stratigraphy In

  20. Moving Ahead: From Transition to Transformation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    , Nepal as a feudal, centralised, unitary and exclusionary monarchist nation for centuries with widespread

  1. 9/4/12 Nepal Tigers Becoming Nocturnal to Survive Near Humans | Ecorazzi 1/4www.ecorazzi.com/2012/09/04/nepal-tigers-becoming-nocturnal-to-survive-near-humans/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vomit - 6,863 views Matt Damon's Anti-Fracking Movie Has Oscar Buzz - 5,210 views Actor Michael Clarke

  2. An Anthropological Perspective on Shifting Cultivation: A case Study of Khoriya Cultivation in the Arun Valley of Eastern Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dhakal, Suresh

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Making lirst farmer ~ olinger the west European cvidence. In Current Anthropology. Vo1.36. No.2. April. Sam. D.O. 199·1 Shifting elfllimlion in 1'iewam: liS social, economic and elll'ironmelltolwlllles relari\\'t! 10 allernalive land lise. IIED. I...

  3. The Plight of the Tharu Kamaiyas in Nepal: A Review of the Social, Economic And Political Facets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chhetri, Ram B

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    6738 3408 3330 978 6.9 Bhimpuf 9968 5036 4932 1360 7.3 Daulatpur 7246 3563 3683 1085 6.7Gola 6679 3293 3386 918 7.3 Khairi Chandanpur 6901 3524 3377 1034 6.7 Manau 7054 3485 3569 1080 6.5 Manpuf Tapara 9495 4738 4757 1307 7.2 Naya Gaun 5815 2952 2863...

  4. Evaluation of the KanchanTM Arsenic Filter under various water quality conditions of the Nawalparasi District, Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Espinoza, Claudia M. (Claudia Maritza)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 2002, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering partnered with the Environment and Public Health Organization to develop and disseminate the KanchanTM Arsenic Filter ...

  5. Functions of An Organization in an Indigenous Irrigation System: A Case Study From a Hill Village of Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uprety, Laya Prasad

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    FUNCTIONS OF AN ORGANIZATION IN AN INDIGENOUS IRRIGATION SYSTEM: A Case Study from a Hill Village of epaI. Agriculture in cpal cOlltributes about 40 percent of the country's tOlal Gross Domestic Product (GDP). But this agricultural economy... ,005 thousand hectares. about 711 thousand Ilcctsrcs or 71.8% is managed by the fanners and the remaining 284 thollsand hectares or 28.2% by the Department 01" Irrigation. About 721 thousand hectares of the farmcr-managed irrigation systems consists of 582...

  6. The use of detrital mineral thermochronology to explore relationships among climate, erosion, and tectonics in the Nepal Himalaya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruhl, Katharine W

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Numerical and analytical models of orogenic growth suggest that erosion can focus deformation in active convergent orogens, leading to a debate over the relative influence of climatic and tectonic forcing on erosion. In ...

  7. Generation, storage, collection and transportation of municipal solid waste - A case study in the city of Kathmandu, capital of Nepal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alam, R. [Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Sylhet 3114 (Bangladesh)], E-mail: rakib_env@yahoo.com; Chowdhury, M.A.I.; Hasan, G.M.J.; Karanjit, B.; Shrestha, L.R. [Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Sylhet 3114 (Bangladesh)

    2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Solid waste management (SWM) services have consistently failed to keep up with the vast amount of solid waste produced in urban areas. There is not currently an efficient system in place for the management, storage, collection, and transportation of solid waste. Kathmandu City, an important urban center of South Asia, is no exception. In Kathmandu Metropolitan City, solid waste generation is predicted to be 1091 m{sup 3}/d (245 tons/day) and 1155 m{sup 3}/d (260 tons/day) for the years 2005 and 2006, respectively. The majority (89%) of households in Kathmandu Metropolitan City are willing to segregate the organic and non-organic portions of their waste. Overall collection efficiency was 94% in 2003. An increase in waste collection occurred due to private sector involvement, the shutdown of the second transfer station near the airport due to local protest, a lack of funding to maintain trucks/equipment, a huge increase in plastic waste, and the willingness of people to separate their waste into separate bins. Despite a substantial increase in total expenditure, no additional investments were made to the existing development plan to introduce a modern disposal system due to insufficient funding. Due to the lack of a proper lining, raw solid waste from the existing dumping site comes in contact with river water directly, causing severe river contamination and deteriorating the quality of the water.

  8. Capacity Building in Meat Exports From Southern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    significant threat to the Namibian beef industry in the not too distant future. Important studies done for the World Bank and the United Nations indicate that global warming will have effects on Namibia that could range from extreme economic impacts... out (Namibia being the driest country) will be the most impacted if global warming brings about a warmer/drier scenario. In Namibia with an already dramatic loss of grassland productivity and with the bush encroachment induced droughts, global...

  9. Environmental Challenges of Climate-Nuclear Fusion: A Case Study of India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Badrinarayan, Deepa

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Vol. 29:129 dom, 94 Kazakhstan, 95 Namibia, 96 and Mongolia.between India and Kazakhstan (Jan. 24, 2009), available at

  10. INSAG-15 Key Practical Issues

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    MONGOLIA MOROCCO MYANMAR NAMIBIA NETHERLANDS NEW ZEALAND NICARAGUA NIGER NIGERIA NORWAY PAKISTAN PANAMA PARAGUAY PERU PHILIPPINES POLAND PORTUGAL QATAR REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA...

  11. DEVELOPING SAFETY CULTURE IN NUCLEAR ACTIVITIES Practical Suggestions

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    MONGOLIA MOROCCO MYANMAR NAMIBIA NETHERLANDS NEW ZEALAND NICARAGUA NIGER NIGERIA NORWAY PAKISTAN PANAMA PARAGUAY PERU PHILIPPINES POLAND PORTUGAL QATAR REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA...

  12. SAFETY SERIES No.75-INSAG-4 INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    MONGOLIA MOROCCO MYANMAR NAMIBIA NETHERLANDS NEW ZEALAND NICARAGUA NIGER NIGERIA NORWAY PAKISTAN PANAMA PARAGUAY PERU PHILIPPINES POLAND PORTUGAL QATAR ROMANIA SAUDI ARABIA...

  13. Microsoft PowerPoint - Dynamics Complexities Accounting for Foreign...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    * Components 4 Major U.S. ImportExport Partners in 2014 Taiwan Japan Russia Euratom Canada Kazakhstan Australia Namibia Euratom Canada China Russia South Africa Kazakhstan...

  14. Empowering Women: The Role of Economic Development, Political Culture and Institutional Design in the World’s Societies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander, Amy C.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Macedonia, Malawi, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Moldova, Monaco,Korea, Latvia, Lithuania Malta, Mauritius Mexico, MoldovaLithuania, Macedonia, Malta, Mexico, Moldova, Namibia,

  15. ‘The experts taught us all we know’: Professionalisation and Knowledge in Nepalese Community Forestry 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nightingale, Andrea J

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Environmentalist concerns over the state of Nepal’s ‘fragile forests’ resulted in the establishment of Community Forestry projects. These community-based projects are partnerships between the state and community user-groups ...

  16. Legal and Economic Factors Determining Success and Failure in the Fight against Organized Crime: An Empirical Assessment of the Palermo Convention

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buscaglia, Edgardo

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Venezuela, R Romania Croatia Brazil Philippines MoldovaHonduras El Salvador Croatia Brazil Philippines MozambiqueTimor Argentina Albania Croatia Brazil Philippines Yemen,

  17. Slide23 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    States of Tunisia Djibouti Moldova, Republic of Turkmenistan Ecuador Mongolia Uganda Egypt Morocco Ukraine El Salvador Mozambique Uzbekistan Eritrea Myanmar Vanuatu Ethiopia...

  18. 3C.PDF

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    an agreement between Mozambique and Enron Corporation to develop and market the Pande natural gas reserves and related pipeline infrastructure. On the day of the trip to...

  19. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hungary IcelandGuinea Papua New Guinea Haiti Mozambique Pakistan AppendixSierra Leone Bhutan Chad Haiti Ethiopia Niger Somalia

  20. www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPERNON-TECHNICALSUMMARY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPERNON-TECHNICALSUMMARY Reforming Small Power Systems under Rabindra Nepal and Tooraj Jamasb The pioneering electricity sector reforms in developing Latin American of `successful and comprehensive electricity reforms' in many less-developed countries like Nepal. Nepal's power

  1. Postgraduate Course / Microbial and Geochemical Oceanography in Upwelling Ecosystems / Henties Bay, March 4 -26, 2014 RGNO -I / kha First African Research Discovery Camp on "Microbial & Geochemical Oceanography in Upwelling Ecosystems", offered by SANUMAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    processes, energy fluxes, microbial, chemical and bioenergetic aspects of coupled N- and S, Henties Bay, NAMIBIA Cycling of nutrients through the marine food web. Energy pathways from the high (MS, FID) Omoregie Edosa omoregie@unam.na Nigeria University of Namibia, Sam Nujoma Marine & Coastal

  2. A nineteenth-century Bonpo pilgrim in Western Tibet and Nepal: Episodes from the life of dKar ru grub dbang bsTan 'dzin rin chen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramble, Charles

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    as a prelude to the harvesting. The people, whom he found warm and hospitable, offered him water and firewood, and asked for religious instructions. The Ya ngal clan, which had founded Klu brag around the beginning of the 12th century, was still... austerities such as “essence extraction” (bcud len); to receive his lama’s teachings like nectar; and, among other things but above all, to compose a systematic presentation of the sacred white snow-mountain Ti se, the great soul-mountain of gYung drung...

  3. The Failure of Confidence Mechanism: Reflections on the 1990’s Social Change Movement in the Light of policy Measures Affecting Farming System in Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pandey, Tulsi Ram

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (Manandhar 1982)- Dne believed to encDurage peDple for its management for fulfilling their needs of daily life such as timber, fuel wood, leaves and grasses. Under this programme, communities were to be entrusted with three ca:egories of 103 l o r e s t l a n...

  4. Records of the evolution of the Himalayan orogen from in situ ThPb ion microprobe dating of monazite: Eastern Nepal and western Garhwal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrison, Mark

    Ma inclusions are preserved within garnets of the Greater Himalayan Crystallines. The presence of 45:2

  5. COII/tRNA[sup Lys] intergenic 9-bp deletion and other mtDNA markers clearly reveal that the Tharus (Southern Nepal) have oriental affinities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Passarino, G.; Semino, O.; Santachiara-Benerecetti, A.S.; Modiano, G. (Universita di Tor Vergata (Romania))

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors searched for the East Asian mtDNA 9-bp deletion in the intergenic COII/tRNA[sup Lys] region in a sample of 107 Tharus (50 from central Terai and 57 from eastern Terai), a population whose anthropological origin has yet to be completely clarified. The deletion, detected by electrophoresis of the PCR-amplified nt 7392-8628 mtDNA fragment after digestion with HaeIII, was found in about 8% of both Tharu groups but was found in none of the 76 Hindus who were examined as a non-Oriental neighboring control population. A complete triplication of the 9-bp unit, the second case so far reported, was also observed in one eastern Tharu. All the mtDNAs with the deletion, and that with the triplication, were further characterized (by PCR amplification of the relevant mTDNA fragments and their digestion with the appropriate enzymes) to locate them in the Ballinger et al. phylogeny of East Asian mtDNA haplotypes. The deletion was found to be associated with four different haplotypes, two of which are reported for the first time. One of the deletions and especially the triplication could be best explained by the assumption of novel length-change events. Ballinger's classification of East Asian mtDNA haplotypes is mainly based on the phenotypes for the DdeI site at nt 10394 and the AluI site at nt 10397. Analysis of the entire Tharu sample revealed that more than 70% of the Tharus have both sites, the association of which has been suggested as an ancient East Asian peculiarity. These results conclusively indicate that the Tharus have a predominantly maternal Oriental ancestry. Moreover, they show at least one and perhaps two further distinct length mutations, and this suggests that the examined region is a hot spot of rearrangements. 21 refs., 5 figs., 6 tabs.

  6. http://jab.sagepub.com The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sahay, Sundeep

    : Case Study From Mozambique An Institutional Perspective on Health Sector Reforms and the Process. / CASE STUDY FROM MOZAMBIQUE An Institutional Perspective on Health Sector Reforms and the Process Sahay University of Oslo, Norway Health sector reform, including structural and process changes

  7. CD4CDM Developments Romeo Pacudan PhD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : Egypt, Morocco · SS Africa: Côte d'Ivoire, Mozambique, Uganda #12;1. CD4CDM project background Project. MICOA (Mozambique) 3. DMET (Uganda) 1. TIMS (Egypt) 2. SSE (Morocco) 1. ODL (Bolivia) 2. Cordelim Groups (TWG) Representatives of MoE, MAFF, MIME, MoP, CDC, MPWT Energy TWG Forestry TWG Others (if

  8. Newsfront 12-18 March 2007, Issue 7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghimire, Yubaraj

    for environment protection, Surya Nepal Asha for community empowerment, Surya Nepal Suswasthya for community health, and Surya Nepal Khelparyatan for promoting sports and tourism. Norway proposes US disposes ä NF Correspondent The United States clearly disapproved... the Police Chief, that nothing 'that would hamper the peace process should be done', even if that meant turning a blind eye to the crimes; and the message was relayed down the police ranks. “It is only but natural for criminals feel a bit safe during...

  9. area consortium energy: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    with Solar Energy in Un-electrified Areas' in Namibia by Heidi Camesano, Terri 54 FINITE ENERGY CYLINDERS OF SMALL AREA H. HOFER 1, K. WYSOCKI 2, AND E. ZEHNDER 3 Mathematics...

  10. Curriculum Vitae John W. "Jack" Holt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Zong-Liang

    and Namibia, thesis research. 1990 Belize, airborne SAR calibration deployment. 1989 Scotland, airborne SAR measurements for satellite calibration. 1995 - 98 Baja California, Mexico, thesis research, class field trips calibration deployment. Student Supervision Graduate supervision, current T. Charles Brothers Ph

  11. Curriculum Vitae John W. "Jack" Holt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Zong-Liang

    , class field trips. 1993 South Africa and Namibia, thesis research. 1990 Belize, airborne SAR calibration deployment. 1989 Scotland, airborne SAR calibration deployment. Awards and honors 2012 UT Institute Basin, Brazil, airborne optical measurements for satellite calibration. 1995 - 98 Baja California

  12. antigua and barbuda: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Bahamas Barbados Belize Bermuda British Antarctic Territory Steiner, Ullrich 3 Angola Croatia Iceland Nepal Sri Lanka Antigua & Barbuda Cuba India Netherlands St. Kitts & Nevis...

  13. angola iran nigeria: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and the Question of Street Politics Illinois at Chicago, University of 12 Angola Croatia Iceland Nepal Sri Lanka Antigua & Barbuda Cuba India Netherlands St. Kitts & Nevis...

  14. Mali-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Countries (SREP)1 Ethiopia Specific Documents2 Honduras Specific Documents3 Kenya Specific Documents4 Maldives Specific Documents5 Mali Specific Documents6 Nepal...

  15. Honduras-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Countries (SREP)1 Ethiopia Specific Documents2 Honduras Specific Documents3 Kenya Specific Documents4 Maldives Specific Documents5 Mali Specific Documents6 Nepal...

  16. Maldives-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Countries (SREP)1 Ethiopia Specific Documents2 Honduras Specific Documents3 Kenya Specific Documents4 Maldives Specific Documents5 Mali Specific Documents6 Nepal...

  17. Risky neighbors and co-ethnic groups : the political logic of fiscal grants in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeong, Jihyeon; Jeong, Jihyeon

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Myanmar (Burma), and Kyrgyzstan as well as stable statesKazakhstan, North Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Mongolia, Nepal,ethnics in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. challenges. In order

  18. Karl Herweg Natalie Schfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Saphangthong (Lao PDR) Hung Nguyen-Viet (Vietnam) Jyldyz Shigaeva (Kyrgyzstan) Laya Prasad Uprety (Nepal) Tina Training Course in Kyrgyzstan, 2003; communicating beyond disciplinary, cultural, and language boundaries

  19. A Review of the World Bank Forest Carbon Partnership Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    This working paper includes new analyses of the six R-PPs recently submitted by Argentina, Costa Rica, Kenya, Nepal, Republic of Congo and Tanzania for formal consideration...

  20. Social Engineering Approach to Air Quality Challenge: The Case of Kathmandu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arya, Ramesh C

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chamber of Commerce and Industries, Nepal Chamber ofComl1lerce, Federation of Nepal Transpol1 Entrepreneurs, Nepal Oil Corporation etc. At impol1ant meetings. it sought rcpresentations from the Ministry of Tourism, Royal Nepal Academy of Science... !;ible. lheir m;lll.:rinl on computer 110pp) disks using IBM cmnpallb1c \\\\ord processing progr:llns rhe). ma). hO\\\\CWI. !><.'nsillic !;0P)' or the rnanuSl.:ripl s<-'rar..:tcl} Th~ t":\\t$. noles. anJ r..:r..:rcncL's should ll~ t~ [X'd double-spaced All pagt...

  1. Risky neighbors and co-ethnic groups : the political logic of fiscal grants in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeong, Jihyeon; Jeong, Jihyeon

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Resistance in Inner Mongolia, China. Asian Ethnicity 12(Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia,in Tibet, Xinjiang and Inner Mongolia (Fravel, 2010; Dreyer,

  2. Wind mill

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dougal, W.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A horizontal-axis windmill which has been constructed from local material in Kathmandu, Nepal is described. Detailed drawings of the windmill and its various components are included.

  3. Ryan Corey `12 Electrical Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bou-Zeid, Elie

    Mozambique Peru Saint Lucia South Africa Thailand United States Interdisciplinary Environmental Center science and policy Renewable energy Resource conservation Sustainable agriculture Sustainable developmentRyan Corey `12 Electrical Engineering Ryan created a more energy efficient mid- infrared LED from

  4. After the flood : crisis, voice and innovation in Maputo's solid waste management sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kruks-Wisner, Gabrielle (Gabrielle K.)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis explores responses to the problem of solid waste management (SWM) in two neighborhoods of Maputo, Mozambique in the wake of catastrophic flooding in 2000. In these neighborhoods, small-scale service providers ...

  5. 100 Years of Glacier Retreat in Central Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    100 Years of Glacier Retreat in Central Asia 100 Years of Glacier Retreat in Central Asia · Jeffrey+GLIMS Glacier databaseMODIS+GLIMS Glacier database #12;Benchmark GlaciersBenchmark Glaciers #12;Everest ASTER Mosaic, 2001Everest ASTER Mosaic, 2001 #12;KhumbuKhumbu Glacier, Nepal, 1958Glacier, Nepal, 1958 #12

  6. www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPER Abstract Reforming Small Power Systems under Political Nepal and Tooraj Jamasb This paper assesses the electricity sector reforms across small power systems make power sector reform in Nepal and similar small systems a more complex process. As international

  7. Newsfront 4-10 February 2008, Issue 52

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghimire, Yubaraj

    of hydro- power it would be easier to deal with the agencies of the government of India for export of electricity. This group presents the example of Bhutan to reinforce its argument: look at how Bhutan achieved manifold increase in its national income out... of the Indian National Congress, that leads the federal coalition, is due to arrive here soon to assess Nepal’s situation. The decision to dispatch the team was taken by Congress President Sonia Gandhi, in the wake of anti-India feeling growing in Nepal after a...

  8. Developed Countries' Imposed Standards on Trade of Agricultural Imports from Developing Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cabrera, Raul; Cochran, Matt; Dangelmayr, Lauren; D'Aguilar, Gavin; Lee, Jeongwoo; Speir, Ian; Weigand, Courtney

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2002 2003 2004 1 , 0 0 0 h e a d EU-approved abattoirs Other facilities Source: Meat Board of Namibia 0 5,000 10,000 15,000 20,000 25,000 30,000 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 M e t r i c T o n s Exports to South Africa Exports elsewhere Source: Meat..., have stepped in to solve a ?coordination failure?, providing the institutional infrastructure necessary for a functioning and cost-competitive industry. Second, looking forward, the long-term challenge for Namibia and Botswana in exporting beef...

  9. w rld mindeda publication of the wendy and emery reves center for international studies at the college of william & mary CELEBRATING INTERNATIONAL STUDENT-FACULTY RESEARCH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zobin, Nahum

    , in Russia, Argentina, Bosnia & Herzegovina, and Nepal. In St. Petersburg, Associate Professor of Russian will continue guiding her Bosnia Project. For more than a decade, she and her students have been committed

  10. ancianos cuba 2003-2005: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (Di Giovine 2009) that spreads over the world Tanaka, Maki 2011-01-01 85 Angola Croatia Iceland Nepal Sri Lanka Antigua & Barbuda Cuba India Netherlands St. Kitts & Nevis...

  11. agropecuarioen matanzas cuba: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (Di Giovine 2009) that spreads over the world Tanaka, Maki 2011-01-01 55 Angola Croatia Iceland Nepal Sri Lanka Antigua & Barbuda Cuba India Netherlands St. Kitts & Nevis...

  12. Outcastes in an 'Egalitarian' Society: Tamang/Blacksmith Relations from Tamang Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holmberg, David

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . In Contested Hierarchies: A Collaborative Ethnography of Caste in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. D. Gellner and D. Quigley, cds. Pp. 264-297. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Gellner, David, and Decan Quigley. 1995. Contested Hierarchies: A Collaborative Ethnography...

  13. Pre-clinical Measures of Eye Damage (Lens Opacity), Case-control Study of Tuberculosis, and Indicators of Indoor Air Pollution from Biomass Smoke

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pokhrel, Amod Kumar

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Indoor air pollution from biomass fuels and respiratoryTuberculosis and Indoor Biomass and Kerosene Use in Nepal: AR.D. Retherford, and K.R. Smith, Biomass cooking fuels and

  14. affect grid operations: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    study of community managed mini-grid having few micro-hydropower plants in Nepal. The lesson learned from these projects will create a new approach towards mini-grid in technology...

  15. Revue de presse ANGLAIS Semaine du 15 au 21 novembre 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rennes, Université de

    in 500 of the accessible pages out there ­ but a new approach could open up vast new data mines above sea level in the freezing, remote peaks of Tibet and Nepal; to cope with life high in the sky

  16. Thoughts on the Maoist Problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whelpton, John

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    institutional set-up in Nepal, they would in the interim be prepared to work within a multi-party system. However, participation would be restricted to parties `opposed to feudalism and imperialism.’'8 A restriction...

  17. The Hidden Treasure of Bon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jinpa, Gelek; Tsewang, Kemi

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    that adopts an ‘insider’s’ perspective, this film offers a precious insight into the rich historical heritage and the living tradition of Bön in the Nepal-Tibet borderlands....

  18. www.princeton.edu/admission Profile 201213

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rowley, Clarence W.

    . At Princeton, we are committed to identifying students who possess the academic ability, energy, enthusiasm of Malaysia Mexico Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nigeria Pakistan Peru Poland Portugal Romania Singapore South

  19. PUBLICLECTURE Thursday 6 December 2012 5.30 6.30pm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Botea, Adi

    , and the impact of agricultural research on poverty. She has conducted field work in Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka publications, including Collective Action and Property Rights for Poverty Reduction: Insights from Africa

  20. Rethinking Bondage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finch, Aisha; Chatterjee, Piya

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Carolyn. The Making of Haiti: The Saint Domingue RevolutionModernity Disavowed: Haiti and the Cultures of Slavery insuch as Mauritania, India, Haiti, and Nepal. While in no way

  1. The technician's perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rechlin, M. (Paul Smith's College, NY (United States))

    1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article is a practical approach for Third World education from a technician's perspective on the problems of international development. Forestry technician schools should become involved in international forestry development. The major example presented in this paper is the Nepal Institute of Forestry. Historically, professional foresters in Nepal were interested in managing Nepal's forests for timber and pulpwood while villagers were interested in fuelwoods and fodder. To effectively train foresters for new jobs in which they provide advice to villagers who make forest management decisions, both the cirriculum and resulting education have to be very different. But in addition teachers have to be reeducated and textbooks, lab manuals, and field exercises must be changed. Projects such as forestry management in Nepal could prove more effective if they combined research skills and problem-solving approaches of a university with the technical perspective and applied orientation of a forestry technician school.

  2. Improved chulo

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gautama, K.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The design and advantages of a fuel-efficient firewood stove built by the Research Centre for Applied Science and Technology, Kirtipur, Nepal are discussed. A step-by-step construction outline is also included.

  3. Trees (2007) 21:141150 DOI 10.1007/s00468-006-0104-0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    behavior in central Asian juniper trees has been forced by solar radiation variations controlled via cloud), Tibet (Br¨auning 1994; Br¨auning and Mantwill 2004), Nepal (Cook et al. 2003), Pakistan (Esper et al

  4. 10 18 14 18 23,000 100 1,700

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    Integrated Human Studies/ Human and Environmental Studies 127 112 140 155 - - 70 46 Energy Science - - 128 Uruguay 1 Argentine 5 Chile 4 Bolivia 1 Peru 5 Ecuador 1 Colombia 3 Venezuela 2 Pakistan 6 India 27 Nepal

  5. 10 18 14 18 23,000 100 1,700

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    Studies 127 112 140 155 - - 70 46 Energy Science - - 128 128 - - 18 22 Asian and African Area Studies Bolivia 1 Peru 5 Ecuador 1 Colombia 3 Venezuela 2 Pakistan 6 India 27 Nepal 11 Bangladesh 15 Sri Lanka 4

  6. Newsfront 14-20 May 2007, Issue 16

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghimire, Yubaraj

    monument zones and evaluating the impact of economic and development pressures on the traditional urban fabric of the Pasupatinath and Bhaktapur monument zones in September- November 2003. This expert mission clearly said that, "We must know... to release more petroleum for Nepal with the promise that Nepal Oil Corporation would speed up the process of clearing in part the 5.4 billion Rupees that it owes to the Indian Oil Corpora- tion (IOC). But the meeting also focused on the Terai problem...

  7. China, March 2005 DAY 1: FLYING TO MUNICH & SHANGHAI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    China, March 2005 DAY 1: FLYING TO MUNICH & SHANGHAI March 12. Saturday Waking up time: 8.30 am. I, lived one year in Beijing and told me lots of stuff about China, where to go, what to do, how in Namibia at Christmas, making me extremely jealous. DAY 2: FIRST DAY IN SHANGHAI, CHINA March 13. Sunday

  8. Africa 78 (2), 2008 DOI: 10.3366/E0001972008000132 ONE HUNDRED YEARS OF SEPARATION: THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Villiers, Marienne

    : THE HISTORICAL ECOLOGY OF A SOUTH AFRICAN `COLOURED RESERVE' R. F. Rohde and M. T. Hoffman Namaqualand have worked in partnership on research projects relating to the historical ecology of southern Namibia labour reserves for commercial farming and mining interests and today, although overcrowded and poor

  9. Ending Africa's Poverty Trap Africa's development crisis is unique. Not only is Africa the poorest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, and Swaziland), and a num- ber of very small economies (Cape assistance on issues regarding energy and transport infrastructure. #12;than tropical Africa. They growEnding Africa's Poverty Trap Africa's development crisis is unique. Not only is Africa the poorest

  10. An early date for cattle from Namaqualand, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    An early date for cattle from Namaqualand, South Africa: implications for the origins of herding did cattle come to South Africa? Radiocarbon dates on a newly found cow horn indicates a time, the authors favour immigrants moving along a western route through Namibia. Keywords: South Africa

  11. Factors Influencing the Demography of Endangered Seabirds at Robben Island,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Villiers, Marienne

    demersus and the bank cormorant Phalacrocorax neglectus are endemic to the Benguela Upwelling System, Namibia, with failures related to air temperatures and wave heights, particularly when major storm events the need for long-term monitoring programmes on this species. Evaluation of a non-invasive, computer

  12. No. 16 ISSN 10278389 March 2012 The Southern African Large Telescope (Courtesy: S.B. Potter)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarrett, Thomas H.

    @aol.com P.M. Okouma Gabon okouma@hotmail.com A.I. Ibrahim Egypt alaa@milkyway.gsfc.nasa.gov L. Kebede-East and Africa. In partic- ular, the completion of HESS (the High Energy Stereoscopic System, in Namibia-class observational capability from ultra-high energy gamma-rays, through optical/near-IR to radio wave- lengths

  13. 4/6/2014 Overnight News Digest January12 http://www.dailykos.com/story/2014/01/13/1269214/-Overnight-News-Digest-January-12 1/17

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiao, Jung-Chih

    news agency. A presidential news conference scheduled for Tuesday on plans to boost the flagging hunt permit auctioned in US A permit to hunt and kill an endangered Black Rhino in Namibia has been is home to about a third of the world's 5,000 black rhinos, and issues just three hunting permits a year

  14. BOOK REVIEW Seismic Communication and Adventure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Munshi-South, Jason

    BOOK REVIEW Seismic Communication and Adventure Among African Elephants The Elephant's Secret Sense in Namibia as she first develops the hypothesis that elephants can communicate using seismic signals. Science documenting the elephants' listening behavior and responses to seismic cues. However, these scientific

  15. Braa et al./Sustainable Health Information Systems MIS Quarterly Vol. 28 No. 3, pp. 337-362/September 2004 337

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monteiro, Eric

    @ifi.uio.no Eric Monteiro Department of Computer Information Science Norwegian University of Science and Technology-scale action research project within the health care sector (called HISP) in a number of developing countries/AIDS pandemic, Mozambique, with one of the highest maternal mortalities in the world, and India, with a billion

  16. CURRICULUM VITAE Randall A. Kramer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maguire, Lynn A.

    cost-sharing for biodiversity conservation. 2002-2007: Chair, Environmental Economics and Policy conservation in Tanzania, Mozambique and Mongolia. 1999-2000: Chair, Division of Environmental Sciences, and efforts in global environmental health. Professor of Environmental Economics and Global Health, Nicholas

  17. PROPUESTA DE ACTIVIDAD TIC-VAR-005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Autonoma de Madrid, Universidad

    ámbito rural de la provincia de Cabo Delgado, Mozambique PROGRAMA ISF en el que se enmarca Programa específico, sin que tenga necesariamente un fin académico. 2 TIC, Agua, Energía, Desarrollo Agropecuario y Mantenimiento de redes de telecomunicación en ámbitos rurales Sensibilidad a los proyectos de cooperación para

  18. International workshop: Planning for climate change through integrated coastal management. Volume 2: Country and regional reports

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This workshop included reports from the following countries: Argentina; Bulgaria; Egypt; Estonia; Fiji; Indonesia; Mozambique; Nigeria; Oman; The Philippines; Senegal; Sri Lanka; Suriname; Thailand; and Tuvalu; Regional reports were included on the following: Small Island Developing States of the Pacific; South Pacific Regional Environment Program; and Sea Level Rise Impacts on Central America.

  19. DECEMBER 1999 3043D E R U I J T E R E T A L . 1999 American Meteorological Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Leeuwen, Peter Jan

    of Agulhas rings that penetrate the South Atlantic. The intermittent formation of these solitary meanders originates from recirculation in a southwest Indian Ocean subgyre, from the Mozambique Channel, and from east into the southern Indian Ocean as the Agulhas Return Cur- rent (Lutjeharms and van Ballegooyen 1988a; Ou and de

  20. 2. Introduction to the Nhambita area Nearly all the fieldwork conducted for this thesis was undertaken in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -1992), and although the Park is now being restored, the bulk grazers that used to consume huge quantities of grass cotton) was abandoned. Commercial agriculture has never been re-established and the rural population on Soil Carbon in the Miombo Woodlands of Mozambique Evelina Sambane 2005 Above Ground Biomass

  1. Farmer on a farm in the Moamba district. the jatropha trap?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Palestine, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland: basic facts and uses 10 1.2 agriculture and mozambique's lack of food and energy sovereignty 10 1.1 energem renewable energy 19 4.2 esv bio africa 21 4.3 sun biofuels and moçamgalp 22 thejatrophatrap

  2. Stort projekt skal ruste ulandene til at klare sig bedre i globale forhandling-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    giver virksomheder i ilande mulighed for at investe- re i en bæredygtig udvikling i ulandes energi udgangen af 2002. Landende er Vietnam, Egypten, Uganda, Mozambique, Bolivia, Filippinerne, Cambodia, Jordan, Marokko, Cote d'Ivoire, Guatamala og Ecuador. ENERGI, MILJØ OG UDVIKLINGSEKSPERTISE RISØNYT 3/02 >> Ulande

  3. Nepali Aawaz Volume 1, Issue 17, 6 August 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shrestha, Kashish Das

    registered trademarks. 17 July 2001 Online news portal Nepalnews.com reports that Nepal is the world's 44th most populous nation in the world. "With a population of 23.46 million, Nepal now ranks behind Iraq with 23.58 million and ahead of Malaysia... Mahato from Russia and Mr. Narayan Shrestha from Denver, USA and at “Chhalfal Dui,” Mr. Aditya Jha from Toronto, Canada and Dr. Kunjar Sharma from Toronto, Canada delivered these speeches. The audience, in seven smaller circles also discussed about...

  4. Newsfront 7-13 April 2008, Issue 61

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghimire, Yubaraj

    to door campaign. Needless to say, the country will be observing a dry- week with no liberty to anyone to buy and sell liquor. But consuming what one already has in store may not be a roblem perhaps! Save Dolma Maiti Nepal has set-up a secretariat... of systematically isolating the Nepal Army (NA), it has adopted a policy of equipping the Armed Police Force (APF) with sophisticated weapons. The government’s policy that was under consideration since long was implemented recently when India supplied 17,000 Self...

  5. Reliability worth assessment in a developing country - residential survey results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Billinton, R.; Pandey, M.

    1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents the results of a residential customer survey conducted in service areas of the Nepal Integrated Electric Power System (NPS). The objective was to determine the power interruption costs incurred by the residential customers of a developing country, and extend the customer survey approach to reliability worth evaluation in a developing environment. Interruption cost estimates were obtained using in-person interviews with 944 sample customers. The results indicate the implications of service reliability to residential customers of Nepal, and show that reliability worth evaluation in a developing country is both possible and practical.

  6. Nepali Aawaz Volume 1, Issue 18, 30 September 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shrestha, Kashish Das

    . Rai does not have any kind of criminal history and was known as a fun-loving person full of energy, among his friends. “He was a very enthusiastic person,” said Sudeep Bajracharya, Rai’s long time friend who went to school together at Brihaspati... . One of his classmates? His own grand daughter. The third and last Nepal based film that will be shown during the festival is Punam (28 min.), also a documentary. Made by Lucian Muntean and Natasa Stankovic (Serbia/ Nepal), the film is based...

  7. Capacity Building in Meat Exports From Southern Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiriboga, Luis M.; Kilmer, Chris; Fan, Rocky

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is an economic paradox. The traditional view of economic development suggests that Namibia has a comparative advantage in the production of beef and, yet, the country’s production and exportation of beef has enjoyed only modest growth since 2000. This is best... illustrated by the underutilization of national export abattoirs and the failure to meet EU export quotas. Existing literature has only begun to study the reasons for this phenomenon. Some explanations suggest low producer prices are the source...

  8. JPRS report proliferation issues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1991-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains foreign media information on issues related to worldwide proliferation and transfer activities in nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons, including delivery systems and the transfer of weapons relevant technologies. The following locations are included: (1) South Africa, Namibia; (2) China; (3) South Korea, Australia, Indonesia, Japan, Philippines; (4) Yugoslavia; (5) Brazil, Argentina, Cuba; (6) India, Libya, Pakistan; (7) Soviet Union; and (8) France, Germany, Netherlands.

  9. Mieux nourrir le monde:Mieux nourrir le monde: notre dfi l'internationalnotre dfi l'international

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laval, Université

    Appui institutionnel au centre Ivoirien de recherches économiques et sociales (CIRES) (COTE D'IVOIRE COOP�RATION Amérique du Nord (�tats-Unis, Mexique) Amérique du Sud (Brésil, Nicaragua, Argentine, Uruguay, Mexique, Cuba, Haïti) Afrique (Sénégal, Rwanda, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Congo, Niger, Mozambique, Malawi

  10. Conclusions about Niche Expansion in Introduced Impatiens walleriana Populations Depend on Method of Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mandle, Lisa; Warren, Dan L.; Hoffman, Matthias H.; Peterson, A. Townsend; Schmitt, Johanna; von Wettberg, Eric J.

    2010-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

    -range occurrences from Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe, and 100 naturalized occurrence points from Argentina, Australia, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Puerto Rico, United States...) Important bird area factsheet: Chirinda Forest, Zimbabwe: BirdLife International. 45. Espenak F, Anderson J (1999) Total Solar Eclipse of 2001 June 21. GreenbeltMD: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. 46. United States Census Bureau (2002) Census 2000 U...

  11. A Journal of the Human Environment ISSN 0044-7447

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Received: 9 November 2012 / Revised: 4 February 2013 / Accepted: 14 June 2013 Abstract In many regions around the world, wildlife impacts on people (e.g., crop raiding, attacks on people) engender negative of local people toward the globally endangered tiger (Panthera tigris) in Nepal's Chitwan National Park

  12. Journal of Environmental Management 88 (2008) 5361 The mountain-lowland debate: Deforestation and sediment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    embedded in public policy in Nepal, India and China, so that the early highly speculative papers had b Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad 380 000, India c Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology, Dehra Dun 248001, India d Research School of Earth Sciences, Australian National University, ACT 0200

  13. acting in the South with the South

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    At the mid-point of the contract of objectives 11 A proven quality and sustainable development policy IRD C O AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT POLICY 2013 IRD IRD IRD #12;6 IRD - ANNUAL REPORT 2013 ECUADOR MARTINIQUE FRENCH Argentina Gabon Uganda Ethiopia Lebanon Nepal Cambodia East Timor Vanuatu India Seychelles Comoro Islands

  14. Vulture restaurants and their role in reducing diclofenac exposure in Asian vultures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Jeff A.

    vultures in Pakistan found that acute renal failure, manifested as visceral gout, was the proximate cause) field cases of visceral gout tested, whereas vultures dying from other causes were all negative for the drug (n 5 13). Subsequently, tissues collected from 14 vultures with visceral gout in India and Nepal

  15. Continuing mortality of vultures in India associated with illegal veterinary use of diclofenac and a potential threat from nimesulide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cuthbert, Richard J.; Taggart, Mark A.; Saini, Mohini; Sharma, Anil; Das, Asit; Kulkarni, Mandar D.; Deori, Parag; Ranade, Sachin; Shringarpure, Rohan N.; Galligan, Toby H.; Green, Rhys E.

    2015-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    of India, Nepal and Pakistan banned the veterinary use of diclofenac in 2006. We analysed results of 62 necropsies and 48 NSAID assays of liver and/or kidney for vultures of five species found dead in India between 2000 and 2012. Visceral gout...

  16. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 40, 42254230, doi:10.1002/grl.50793, 2013 Flexure of the India plate underneath the Bhutan Himalaya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demouchy, Sylvie

    GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 40, 4225­4230, doi:10.1002/grl.50793, 2013 Flexure of the India, Sonneggstrasse 5, CH-8092 Zurich, Switzerland. (gyorgy.hetenyi@sed.ethz.ch) ©2013. American Geophysical Union over Central and Eastern Nepal, submit- ted to Geophysical Journal International, 2013), we focus

  17. Telecom Implementation In The first long range link testing (34 KM) was done in 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lien, Jyh-Ming

    and days from the nearest highway · 1 I #12;Putting Alvarion radio at Kobang School #12;#12;#12;· S.N at Mohare Relay Station #12;Installing Antennas #12;Tower at Mohare #12;Web Site Nepal Wireless #12;Solar Paners at Mohare Relay Station #12;Power Generation and Backup Systems Used in the Relay Stations · S.N

  18. The long and winding road of state building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Chapter 15 The long and winding road of state building Sagar Raj Sharma1 1. Context Post and services, including security. In this book, we have attempted to view state-building as essentially with various such aspects of state-building in today's post-conflict Nepal. The first two chapters have dealt

  19. FSC has pioneered forest certification as an innovative and market-oriented instrument to support responsible

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - Market analysis & business models - Scaling up Lead: FSC Science: CIFOR NEPAL - Pilot test on 2 sites 57 Business model designed Business model and indicators tested Generic & National Indicators developed 1 and or enhancement of ecosystem services. 2. Market Assessments and Development of Business Models Pilot preparation

  20. Publications of F. Christian Thompson Thompson, F. C. 1965. A new Neotropical Lepidosis Curran (Diptera: Syrphidae). Entomol.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, F. Christian

    Publications of F. Christian Thompson Thompson, F. C. 1965. A new Neotropical Lepidosis Curran (Diptera: Syrphidae). Entomol. News 76: 61-62. [1965.03.09] Thompson, F. C. 1966. A new Sphegina from Nepal (Diptera: Syrphidae). Bull. Brooklyn Entomol. Soc. 59, 60: 42-45 (1964-65). [1966.06.29] Thompson, F. C

  1. : t -.:]:este UHoRAKEYE Etainable Developmen!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peinke, Joachim

    -r-,: :uihors lEir: it.1: ''!: .:.r l1r:i_: -a:'1 -tt':ne'::. t-horakeye r!.r.:l:-: -.i rural electrification and economic assessment olthe utilisation oljatropha oil for 108 rural electrification purposes in Mali Luc on enhancing : r::=:: ;harge adaptive capacity of rural communities in Nepal: A case ;--r_, :: a renewable

  2. 285 2010 ISZS, Blackwell Publishing and IOZ/CAS Integrative Zoology 2010; 5: 285-299

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dever, Jennifer A.

    and climate change. The overarching challenge of tiger conservation, and the conservation of biodiversity, increasing demand for natural resources, massive infrastructure expansion and climate change have placed, Lao, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Russia, Thai- doi: 10.1111/j.1749-4877.2010.00214.x #12;286 © 2010 ISZS

  3. Revised 9/23/2009 Geography Competency Exam Study Sheet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    countries/continents in the world in: o Agricultural production and forestry o Oil, Gas, and mineral reserves o Fresh water use o Number of Refugees and Asylum-Seekers Capital cities Using pp. 30 Madagascar Malawi Mexico Morocco Myanmar Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nigeria North & South Korea Norway P

  4. The kinematic evolution of the Nepalese Himalaya interpreted from Nd isotopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garzione, Carmala N.

    Himalayan zone rock. The less negative ONd(0) values of the Greater Himalayan rocks support the idea(T) values in the synorogenic rocks in western and central Nepal generally show an up-section shift toward km from northern Pakistan to the Namche Barwa syntaxis [1]. These are, from north to south

  5. Middle-late Miocene ( 10 Ma) formation of the Main Boundary thrust in the western Himalaya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurapov, Alexander

    Ma in well-dated stratigraphic sections from Pakistan to Nepal across the Indo-Gangetic foreland derived from the hanging wall of the Main Boundary thrust indicates that source-area uplift and denudation thrust in the Kohat region of northwest Pakistan indicate that rapid cooling below 105 C between 8 and 10

  6. Strategic Review of Enhancements and Culture-based Fisheries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lorenzen, Kai

    production. Enhancements use limited external feed and energy inputs, and can provide very high returns-ENSAT, Toulouse, France; (11)CICFRI, Barrackpore, India; (12)Ministry of Agriculture, Kathmandu, Nepal for labour and capital input. Moreover, enhancement initiatives can facilitate institutional change

  7. Programme DAAD Alumni Summer School Oldenburg 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peinke, Joachim

    Companies (ESCOS): Lessons from Zambia Visit to Hoppecke GmbH Brilon Solar Battery Manufacturing's Approaches for Sustainable Promotion of Institutional Solar PV Systems in Nepal Malama Chileshe, Zambia Ministry of Energy and Water Development Sustainable Dissemination of Solar PV Through Energy Service

  8. Remote Sens. 2012, 4, 2554-2575; doi:10.3390/rs4092554 OPEN ACCESS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kääb, Andreas

    Glaciers, icecaps and ice sheets have melted at unprecedented rates over recent decades in response¨otn eruption in May 2011 also result in considerable deposition of ash and tephra on ice caps and glaciers geochemical composition from glaciers and ice fields in Iceland, Nepal, New Zealand and Switzerland. Surface

  9. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia (part 1). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    LePoer, B.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  10. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtiss, E.R.

    1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  11. Airborne lead and other elements derived from local fires in the Himalayas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davidson, C.I.; Grimm, T.C.; Nasta, M.A.

    1981-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The combustion of wood and yak dung for heating and cooking in a populated Nepal Himalayan valley contributes significantly to the ambient airborne concentrations of lead, copper, aluminum, magnesium, and elemental and organic carbon. A comparison of the concentrations of these elements in fresh snow with corresponding values in air suggests that the pollution aerosol is confined to the valley, with pristine air aloft.

  12. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia (part 2). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtiss, E.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  13. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia (part 3). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtiss, E.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  14. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia (part 1). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtiss, E.

    1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  15. Blood lead concentrations in a remote Himalayan population

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Piomelli, S.; Corash, L.; Corash, M.B.; Seaman, C.; Mushak, P.; Glover, B.; Padgett, R.

    1980-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The lead content in the air at the foothills of the Himalayas in Nepal was found to be negligible. The concentration of lead in the blood of 103 children and adults living in this region was found to average 3.4 micrograms per deciliter, a level substantially lower than that found in industrialized populations.

  16. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia (part 2). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtiss, E.

    1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent; Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  17. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia (part 4). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtiss, E.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  18. ICTs as a tool for Gender socio-economic empowerment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heiser, Gernot

    level e-government applications Projects under identification Advanced China, Nepal, Rwanda, Malawi ... offering a full range of services #12;3 Our Vision "To unleash the power of human capital and give to increase efficiency, and usefulness of services for the various sectors utilizing ICTs in Public

  19. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Microbial oxidation of arsenite in a subarctic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambodia, Vietnam, Nepal, China, Inner Mongolia, Bolivia and Mexico [2,3]. In addition, arsenic contami prokaryotes have evolved mechanisms to gain energy by either oxidising or redu- cing it [5,6]. Prokaryotic are phylogenetically diverse. The oxidation of arsenite may yield useable energy or may merely form part

  20. Possible variations on the calcrete-gypcrete uranium model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carlisle, D.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Genetic models and favorability criteria for calcrete and gypcrete uranium deposits based upon Yeelirrie and other occurrences in Western Australia and upon Langer Henirich and others in Namibia-South West Africa are summarized. Viable analogues of these world-class deposits have not yet been found in USA even though several of the favorable conditions occur in the southwest. A principal deterrent to economic concentration has been tectonic instability. But even in the most favorable areas it is not clear that climates have ever been sufficiently similar to that of the valley-calcrete region of Western Australia. Extensive, thick valley (nonpedogenic) calcretes such as those which host the carnotite in Australia and in Namibia have not been documented here. Nevertheless, submarginal occurrances of carnotite have been found in southwestern United States in small bodies of nonpedogenic and mixed pedogenic-nonpedogenic calcrete. Much of the study is based upon occurrences of carnotite-bearing calcrete and calcrete-gypcrete in the Republic of South Africa. Several of these are described briefly. Some reference is also made to new occurrences and to new data on previously described occurrences on the Namib Desert. Possible variations on the Western Australian and Namibia-South West Africa models which are considered are capillary rise of U in solution, addition of new uraniferous sediment over a calcrete, lateral access of U into a pedogenic calcrete, reworking of U from a weekly mineralized pedogenic calcrete or gypcrete into a new or reconstituted calcrete, or into an unrelated environment for fixation of U.

  1. Namibian Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Institute REEEI | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLu anMicrogreenMoonNASA/AmesNS Solar05Zip CategoryNamibia:

  2. Nan an Sanjing Silicon Refining Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLu anMicrogreenMoonNASA/AmesNS Solar05Zip CategoryNamibia:Nan an

  3. Nanchang Ganyu Organic Silicon Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLu anMicrogreenMoonNASA/AmesNS Solar05Zip CategoryNamibia:Nan

  4. Assessment of rural energy resources; Methodological guidelines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rijal, K.; Bansal, N.K.; Grover, P.D. (Centre for Energy Studies, Indian Inst. of Technology, Hauz Khas, New Delhi 11016 (IN))

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article presents the methodological guidelines used to assess rural energy resources with an example of its application in three villages each from different physiographic zones of Nepal. Existing energy demand patterns of villages are compared with estimated resource availability, and rural energy planning issues are discussed. Economics and financial supply price of primary energy resources are compared, which provides insight into defective energy planning and policy formulation and implication in the context of rural areas of Nepal. Though aware of the formidable consequences, the rural populace continues to exhaust the forest as they are unable to find financially cheaper alternatives. Appropriate policy measures need to be devised by the government to promote the use of economically cost-effective renewable energy resources so as to change the present energy usage pattern to diminish the environmental impact caused by over exploitation of forest resources beyond their regenerative capacity.

  5. Radon measurements for earthquake prediction in northern India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Singh, B.; Virk, H.S. (Guru Nanak Dev Univ., Amritsar (India))

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Earthquake prediction is based on the observation of precursory phenomena, and radon has emerged as a useful precursor in recent years. In India, where 55% of the land area is in active seismic zones, considerable destruction was caused by the earthquakes of Kutch (1819), Shillong (1897), Kangra (1905), Bihar-Nepal (1934), Assam (1956), Koyna (1967), Bihar-Nepal (1988), and Uttarkashi (1991). Radon ([sup 222]Rn) is produced by the decay of radium ([sup 226]Ra) in the uranium decay series and is present in trace amounts almost everywhere on the earth, being distributed in soil, groundwater, and lower levels of atmosphere. The purpose of this study is to find the value in radon monitoring for earthquake prediction.

  6. World frontiers beckon oil finders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper discusses the international aspects of the petroleum industry. Most who work in the industry agree that the possibilities for huge are found largely in international regions. Something that is helping fuel that possibility is the way countries are increasingly opening their doors to US oil industry involvement. Listed in this paper is a partial list of the reported projects now underway around the world involving US companies. It is not intended to be comprehensive, but rather an indication of how work continues despite a general lull atmosphere for the oil industry. These include Albania, Bulgaria, Congo, Czechoslovakia, Dominican Republic, Ethiopia, Ireland, Malta, Madagascar, Mongolia, Mozambique, Nigeria, Panama, Paraquay, and Senegal.

  7. Genetic Analysis of Bread Making Quality Stability in Wheat using a Halberd X Len Recombinant Inbred Line Population

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poudel, Ashima

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved by: Co-Chairs of Committee, Dirk B. Hays Amir M. H. Ibrahim Committee Members, Joseph Awika Russell Jessup Head..., Purbanchal University, Nepal Co-Chairs of Advisory Committee: Dr. Dirk B. Hays Dr. Amir M. H. Ibrahim Wheat grain quality has a complex genetic architecture heavily influenced by the growing environment. Consistency in wheat quality...

  8. Deforestation and Rural Society in the Nepalese Terai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Regmi, Rishikeshab Raj

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DEFORESTATION AND RURAL SOCIETY IN THE NEPALESE TERAI Rishikeshab Raj Regmi Nepal lies between India in the south and China in the north. It is a land­ locked country in the Himalayan region with a surface area of 147,181 square kilometres... had a negative impact on the environmenL Themost observable current environmental issues and problems are deforestation, soil erosion, landslides, uncenain rainfall and the pressure of the growing population. These issues have not only created 72...

  9. Newsfront 24 - 30 March 2008, Issue 59

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghimire, Yubaraj

    of monarchy and democratic forces would be suicidal. He refused to buy the government of India’s latest statement in parliament that Indian Naxalites had no connection Disagreement Advani stands for monarchy with the Maoists in Nepal. He asserted that the two... crumbled, acute fuel shortages, political infighting, ethnic clashes, and worse you have a political party who possesses weapons and obstructs other parties from campaigning for elections through routinely hurl at people they meet, either collectively...

  10. Upper arun hydroelectric project feasibility study (phase 1). Volume 2. Appendix. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The report was prepared for Nepal Electricity Authority (NEA). The primary objective of the study was to compare several alternative development schemes to drive an optimum development plan for exploiting the hydroelectric potential of the Upper Arun River, to be further investigated in phase 2 of the feasibility study. The report presents the result of the phase I studies investigations recommends the alternatives to be pursued to develop the Upper Arun River. Volume 2 contains tables, figures and other supporting materials.

  11. Upper arun hydroelectric project feasibility study (phase 1). Volume 1. Report. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The report was prepared for Nepal Electricity Authority (NEA). The primary objective of the study was to compare several alternative development schemes to drive an optimum development plan for exploiting the hydroelectric potential of the Upper Arun River, to be further investigated in phase 2 of the feasibility study. The scope of work included reviewing the original project concepts establishing development alternatives investigations in the following fields: Toposurvey Mapping; Geology Geotechnics; Hydrology; Power Market; and Plan formulations.

  12. Reliability worth assessment in a developing country - commercial and industrial survey results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pandey, M.; Billinton, R.

    1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents the results of an investigation conducted to determine the costs of electric service interruptions in the commercial and industrial sectors of a developing country. The investigation used in-person interviews of 800 businesses and 300 industries in Nepal. The results indicate the customer implications of service reliability, and show that electric service reliability worth can be assessed in a developing country.

  13. Monitoring and evaluation of new stoves

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Basnet, K.

    1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Most of the people in Nepal depend on biomass for cooking and heating - be it wood, straw etc. and this is one of the reasons why we have a greater problem of deforestation which is the major component for deteriorating environment. Slowing the rate of deforestation to a limited degree at least can be achieved by improving the efficiency of wood utilization. The idea of improving the stoves in terms of firewood consumption and smokelessness has gained an increasing attention in recent years. The prefabricated household stoves (New Nepali Cooking Stoves) are being distributed and installed to the various regions of the country through the Small Farm Family Program with the support of ADB/Nepal and UNICEF/Nepal. These improved stoves make smokeless kitchens and use less firewood. The distribution of the modified Magan Stoves was first started in Budhanilkantha Village about one year before the survey. Still the stoves are being distributed to the villagers if they form a small group of 6-10 households (Small Farm Family) and the group asks for the stoves. After distribution and installations of improved stoves in various regions of the country a sample survey was conducted in Budhanilkantha to ascertain users acceptance and identify the kinds of problems inhibiting greater use. The survey was carried out in the beginning of 1983, and during the survey there were 51 stoves distributed in two Panchayats and different villages.

  14. Top marine predators track Lagrangian coherent structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Tew Kai; V. Rossi; J. Sudre; H. Weimerskirch; C. Lopez; E. Hernandez-Garcia; F. Marsac; V. Garcon

    2009-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Meso- and submesoscales (fronts, eddies, filaments) in surface ocean flow have a crucial influence on marine ecosystems. Their dynamics partly control the foraging behaviour and the displacement of marine top predators (tuna, birds, turtles, and cetaceans). In this work we focus on the role of submesoscale structures in the Mozambique Channel on the distribution of a marine predator, the Great Frigatebird. Using a newly developed dynamical concept, namely the Finite-Size Lyapunov Exponent (FSLE), we have identified Lagrangian coherent structures (LCSs) present in the surface flow in the Channel over a 2-month observation period (August and September 2003). By comparing seabirds' satellite positions with LCSs locations, we demonstrate that frigatebirds track precisely these structures in the Mozambique Channel, providing the first evidence that a top predator is able to track these FSLE ridges to locate food patches. After comparing bird positions during long and short trips, and different parts of these trips, we propose several hypotheses to understand how frigatebirds can follow these LCSs. The birds might use visual and/or olfactory cues and/or atmospheric current changes over the structures to move along these biological corridors. The birds being often associated to tuna schools around foraging areas, a thorough comprehension of their foraging behaviour and movement during the breeding season is crucial not only to seabirds' ecology but also to an appropriate ecosystemic approach of fisheries in the Channel.

  15. South Asia transboundary water quality monitoring workshop summary report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Betsill, Jeffrey David; Littlefield, Adriane C.; Luetters, Frederick O.; Rajen, Gaurav

    2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Cooperative Monitoring Center (CMC) promotes collaborations among scientists and researchers in several regions as a means of achieving common regional security objectives. To promote cooperation in South Asia on environmental research, an international working group made up of participants from Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and the United States convened in Kathmandu, Nepal, from February 17-23,2002. The workshop was held to further develop the South Asia Transboundary Water Quality Monitoring (SATWQM) project. The project is sponsored in part by the CMC located at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, New Mexico through funding provided by the US. Department of State, Regional Environmental Affairs Office, American Embassy, Kathmandu, Nepal, and the National Nuclear Security Administration's (NNSA) Office of Nonproliferation and National Security. This report summarizes the SATWQM project, the workshop objectives, process and results. The long-term interests of the participants are to develop systems for sharing regional environmental information as a means of building confidence and improving relations among South Asian countries. The more immediate interests of the group are focused on activities that foster regional sharing of water quality data in the Ganges and Indus River basins. Issues of concern to the SATWQM network participants include studying the impacts from untreated sewage and industrial effluents, agricultural run-off, salinity increases in fresh waters, the siltation and shifting of river channels, and the environmental degradation of critical habitats such as wetlands, protected forests, and endangered aquatic species conservation areas. The workshop focused on five objectives: (1) a deepened understanding of the partner organizations involved; (2) garnering the support of additional regional and national government and non-government organizations in South Asia involved in river water quality monitoring; (3) identification of sites within the region at which water quality data are to be collected; (4) instituting a data and information collection and sharing process; and, (5) training of partners in the use of water quality monitoring equipment.

  16. H.E.S.S. observations of the supernova remnant RCW 86

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Hoppe; M. Lemoine-Goumard; for the H. E. S. S. Collaboration

    2007-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The shell-type supernova remnant (SNR) RCW 86 - possibly associated with the historical supernova SN 185 - was observed during the past three years with the High Energy Stereoscopic System (H.E.S.S.), an array of four atmospheric-Cherenkov telescopes located in Namibia. The multi-wavelength properties of RCW 86, e.g. weak radio emission and North-East X-ray emission almost entirely consisting of synchroton radiation, resemble those of two very-high energy (VHE; > 100 GeV) gamma-ray emitting SNRs RX J1713.7-3946 and RX J0852-4622. The H.E.S.S. observations reveal a new extended source of VHE gamma-ray emission.The morphological and spectral properties of this new source will be presented.

  17. Newsfront 10-16 September 2007, Issue 33

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghimire, Yubaraj

    and an active non-corporate media. (Saadi is a climate change expert.) actionFLOOD ä S h as h an k a S a ad i Floods in South Asian countries are a major setback for the regional and national economy. Directly and indirectly affected poor and middle income... a truly democratic set-up." He said Nepal's transition needs a safe landing which is possible only through unity and reconciliation. In a Gandhian spirit, he said, "politics of hatred and denial dictated by undemocratic desire of revenge KP...

  18. Hot Issue and Burning Options in Waste Management: A Social Cost Benefit Analysis of Waste-to-Energy in the UK.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jamasb, Tooraj; Kiamil, H; Nepal, R

    transportation = €0.163 Total = €0.47 - €2.65 f) Coal fired plant generating electricity Investment and O&M = €25.642 CO2 = €9.5 (low) - €44.89 (high)4 Damage from other pollutants = €13.744 Total = €23.24 - €58.63 Notes: 1. European Commission (2000... Rabindra Nepal Bremer Energie Institut, Jacobs University Bremen 3 January 2008 Acknowledgements We acknowledge the support of the ESRC Electricity Policy Research Group. Authors are grateful for constructive comments from an anonymous...

  19. Newsfront 24-30 December 2007, Issue 46

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghimire, Yubaraj

    dominated the discussion during the 52nd Bar day celebration in Lalitpur on December 23. Prakash Raut, Chairman of the Supreme Court Bar Association (SCBA), stated that the country is without a valid and legal government at present. “It has outlived its... of the SCBA. Sambhu Thapa, former President of the Nepal Bar Association was critical of the seven party alliance and the Maoists for having run the country by their ‘diktat’ instead of the rule of law. He opined that the constitution was the biggest casualty...

  20. THE EFFECTS OF TEACHER VS STUDENT CENTERED INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES ON THE VOCABULARY LEARNING OF SIXTH GRADE THAI STUDENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khuvasanond, Kirati

    2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    : Function/ Use of vocabulary 118 Appendix B: Students Posttest : Spelling 120 Appendix B2: Students Posttest : Meaning 121 Appendix B3: Students Posttest : : Function/ Use of vocabulary 122 viii Appendix C: Students Vocabulary List 124.... The Expanding Circle e.g. Bhutan (1,1614) Brunet (260) China (1,208,841) Fiji (771) Hong Kong (5,838) Indonesia (194,615) Japan (124,815) Maldives (246) Mayanmar (45,555) Nepal (21,350) Thailand (58,183) South Korea (44,563) The Outer Circle...

  1. Ogmios 14

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ostler, Nicholas D M

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of kangaroo? Britain - Cornish: A man without his tongue shall have lost his land. Nepal - Belhare: And then the lama lifted up his intestines and abdomen and took them out and cleaned them all thoroughly. Colombia - U'wa: We're dying. The coverage... phrases from little known peoples around the world: as it happened, just a few sweet nothings in Warlpiri And for the Future... Further major moves are afoot. We are now in advanced discussions with BBC TV producers about a series about the threat...

  2. Read: Entrancing Enchantment: How Harry Cast a Spell Over Hip Nepali Readers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fineprint Bookclub

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    bookstores were probably sekuwa pasals. Today, if a kid cannot find the Harry Potter edition that he wants at one bookstore, he can scoot around town and try his luck elsewhere. Harry Potter books also probably do well in Nepal because the books fill a... hundred seventy-fi ve students from different schools in the region, 1026 households, and offi cers from ten offi ces have become members of the library Each household, depending on its economic status, is charged from a minimum of 25 rupees to a...

  3. Newsfront 25 February - 2 March 2008, Issue 55

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghimire, Yubaraj

    that to assist in the peace process simply sounds hollow. It has only acted as a pliable tool in the hand of the government which looks like a privately run institution where just three individuals, GP Koirala, Madhav Nepal and Prachanda seem to matter. It all... in this endeavor with hardly any bloodshed and major problems at the time. It does not help to simply brush off his comment saying that he holds an old mindset and his thoughts are outdated. In fact, the Nepalis would be insulting the intelligence and contribution...

  4. Newsfront 15 - 28 October 2007, Issue 38

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghimire, Yubaraj

    its readers. ä Ranjit Shrestha Indrachowk, Kathmandu Feudal lord Yubaraj Ghimire's fractured state gives a sense of what has been happening in Nepal. Repeatedly, the leaders are behaving like dealers. And the peace process increasingly appears... it is taking the shape of a deal between the politicians. We are almost on the verge of saying goodbye to a feudal system and its symbols. But why is GP Koirala being allowed to work as the worst feudal lord under the guise of Loktantra? That only indicates...

  5. Himalayan Journal of Sciences Volume 4, Issue 6, 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mainali, Kumar P

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . In addition, many EIAs are laughably superficial. For example, a biological survey for a planned housing complex in Panama’s suburban forests identified only 12 common bird species. A 2-hour census of the same area by experienced birdwatchers tallied 121... on these and other focal areas. Please visit our Web site for updates and discussion.w w w .h im js ci .c om w w w .him jsci.com Published by Himalayan Association for the Advancement of Science Lalitpur, Nepal GPO Box No. 2838 editorial An open access database...

  6. Newsfront 17-23 December 2007, Issue 45

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghimire, Yubaraj

    , the upper middle class suddenly started to buy houses in historic centers, running away from the boring suburbs, with squares being pedestrianised and cars banned. Eventually that will happen in Nepal. Although there is no future without the past, every... , except those with unauthorised weapons, have. We are all to be equal before the law (Article 7). What law, I ask! The police have been cowered by lack of support and direction from the Home Ministry. The army is locked away in their barracks. So...

  7. Read: Nepali Publishing How is it Faring?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fineprint Bookclub

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Peace. A proposal for declaring Nepal as Free Port is made to generate massive infl ow of tourists from both India and China. Nothing empowers a person as much as a weapon. With the cue derived from the Maoists’ success in mobilizing the masses... a member: · You will get a copy of Read magazine for free · You can browse books on our website and buy them on 10 to 30 percent discounts and have them home de- livered to you for free?and save time and travel expenses · You can intellectually...

  8. Newsfront 29 October - 4 November 2007, Issue 39

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghimire, Yubaraj

    , how long will the two go together? Long queues The hike in petroleum price is no respite for fuel consum- ers. Petrol pumps still have notices saying there is no petrol. During the supply hours, there are still long queues of vehicles. Gas agencies... government. The price hike which the govern- ment now says is irreversible was carried out as the nation was celebrating Dashain. The Nepal Oil Corporation (NOC) has raised the wholesale price of petrol by Rs.6 per litre, bringing its current rate to Rs.73...

  9. Urban air quality of Kathmandu valley

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sharma, C.K. [Royal Nepal Academy of Science and Technology, Kathmandu (Nepal)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The oval shaped tectonic basin of Kathmandu valley occupying about 600 sq. km. of area is situated in the middle sector of Himalayan range. There are three districts in the alley, i.e. Kathmandu, Litilpur, and Bhaktapur. Out of the three the most populated is the Kathmandu city (the capital of Kingdom of Nepal) which has 668,000 population in an area of approximately 50 sq. km. The city population consumes energy about 1/3 of total imports of Nepal in the form of gasoline, diesel, kerosene, furnace oil and cooking gas. This has resulted heavy pollution of air in the city leading bronchitis, and throat and chest diseases. Vehicle has increased several fold leading in recent months to 100,000 in number in a road of about 900 kms., out of which 25% is only metalled. Most of two and three wheelers are polluting the air by emission gases as well as dust particulate. SO{sub 2} has been found to go as high as 202 micro grams per cubic meter and NO{sub 2} to 126 micro gram particularly in winter months when a thick layer of fog covers the valley up to 10:00 AM in the morning. All the gases are mixed within the limited air below the fog and the ground. This creates the problem. Furthermore, municipal waste of 500 m{sup 3} a day and also liquid waste directly dumping in Bagmati river to the tune of 500,000 liters per day makes city ugly and filthy. Unless pollution of air, water, and land are controlled in time, Nepal will lose much of its foreign exchange earnings from tourist industry. It is found that tourist arrivals are considerably reduced in recent years and most of hotels occupancy is 50 to 60% in peak time. Nepal is trying to introduce legal frame work for pollution control but it will take time to be effective like in other developing countries unless government is strong.

  10. Newsfront 9-15 July 2007, Issue 24

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghimire, Yubaraj

    channels in Nepal which have so far been adhering to “infotainment model.” “It will help redefine the news as not just being what happened and who did what but in terms of the events that people can easily relate to their lives.” K P Sitaula Ram Raja... Moktan, on the plea that their names figured as ‘guilty’ of suppressing the people’s movement in the Rayamajhi Commission report, PM Koirala appeared equally adamant. Finally, he bowed to his all powerful home minister. “I will use their services if you...

  11. Newsfront 3-9 December 2007, Issue 43

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghimire, Yubaraj

    Prabhakar on the request of the government of Nepal to facilitate them to participate in the UN general assembly meeting, but it in no way indicated any shift on US policy towards the Maoists. Embassy officials are also believed to have explained to the army... election to the constituent assembly (CA) by mid April, but desisted from doing so in the face of defiance by a large number of parliamentarians belonging to the Nepali Congress (NC). "If you go beyond what the party's general assembly has mandated you for...

  12. Microsoft Word - Sri_Lanka_10km_solar_country_report.doc

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant JumpMarysville, Ohio:Menomonee| OpenMickey HotVII, Cologne, Germany, 29 JuneNepalLanka

  13. Nepeuskun, Wisconsin: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall, Pennsylvania: EnergyEnergyPPCR) Jump to: navigation, searchNepal:

  14. Nephi City Corporation (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall, Pennsylvania: EnergyEnergyPPCR) Jump to: navigation, searchNepal:Nephi City

  15. Neptune Beach, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall, Pennsylvania: EnergyEnergyPPCR) Jump to: navigation, searchNepal:Nephi

  16. Neptune Systems | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall, Pennsylvania: EnergyEnergyPPCR) Jump to: navigation, searchNepal:NephiSystems

  17. South Asia Water Resources Workshop: An effort to promote water quality data sharing in South Asia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    RAJEN,GAURAV; BIRINGER,KENT L.; BETSILL,J. DAVID

    2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To promote cooperation in South Asia on environmental research, an international working group comprised of participants from Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and the US convened at the Soaltee Hotel in Kathmandu, Nepal, September 12 to 14, 1999. The workshop was sponsored in part by the Cooperative Monitoring Center (CMC) at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, New Mexico, through funding provided by the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Nonproliferation and National Security. The CMC promotes collaborations among scientists and researchers in regions throughout the world as a means of achieving common regional security objectives. In the long term, the workshop organizers and participants are interested in the significance of regional information sharing as a means to build confidence and reduce conflict. The intermediate interests of the group focus on activities that might eventually foster regional management of some aspects of water resources utilization. The immediate purpose of the workshop was to begin the implementation phase of a project to collect and share water quality information at a number of river and coastal estuary locations throughout the region. The workshop participants achieved four objectives: (1) gaining a better understanding of the partner organizations involved; (2) garnering the support of existing regional organizations promoting environmental cooperation in South Asia; (3) identifying sites within the region at which data is to be collected; and (4) instituting a data and information collection and sharing process.

  18. Nepali Aawaz Volume 1, Issue 2, 13-18 October 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shrestha, Kashish Das

    Crisis in Nepali Nationalism • 9 The Media Ordinance • 10 Pin Up: Lauryn Hill • 12 ENtErtaINMENt Entertainment News • 13 Al Gore's Current TV in NYC • 14 On Shelves Now • 15 SPOrtS#25;• 16 SPECIaLS The World Reacts to Nepal's Press Freedom Crisis#25... Q/ klZrdL rf/j6f k|fGt a9L k|efljt ePsf 5g\\ . b'O{ d'n's hf]l8Psf] ;Ldf ;x/x? kfls:tfgdf dxfe"sDk, g]kfnLx? ;'/lIft dfcf]jfbLn] Ps dlxgf cufl8 3f]if0ff u/]sf] PskIfLo o'¢lj/fdsf qmddf !# hgfsf] xTof ePsf] /fli6«o dfgj clwsf/ cfof]un] hgfPsf] 5...

  19. Directory of manufacturers of small hydropower equipment. Third edition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Inversin, A.R.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Basic information on manufacturers of hydraulic turbines in the 1-100 kW power range and on their product lines is provided in this two-section directory. An introduction makes general comments on cost trends in relation both to the magnitude of the operating head and to unit capacity, although no specific cost figures are given for equipment packages. The section also describes various cost-reduction techniques (the use of load control, the use of pumps as turbines, and the integration of turbine equipment with other functions). The second section comprises the bulk of the document and is composed of 28 entries on turbine manufacturers, 20 of them in the United States, the others in Nepal (2), the Philippines, Colombia, Indonesia, India, Canada, and Puerto Rico.

  20. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Makeig, D.; Ross, R.

    1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This bibliography contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to countries of the Indian Subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research in the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned. The bibliography is divided into country sections preceded initially by a general interest and reference section. This first issue covers material published or copyrighted in 1981. Wherever the hard copy of the material being cited could be obtained, a brief abstract, review or summary is presented with the citation. Where existence of a work was reported or verified (e.g., through publishers` notices, review articles, etc.) but a hard copy could not be obtained, the article/book is merely cited without further description. All listings are by author, last name first, except where the author is unknown. In such cases, the work is listed by title.

  1. Potential adverse health effects of wood smoke

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pierson, W.E.; Koenig, J.Q.; Bardana, E.J. Jr.

    1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The use of wood stoves has increased greatly in the past decade, causing concern in many communities about the health effects of wood smoke. Wood smoke is known to contain such compounds as carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, sulfur oxides, aldehydes, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and fine respirable particulate matter. All of these have been shown to cause deleterious physiologic responses in laboratory studies in humans. Some compounds found in wood smoke--benzo(a)pyrene and formaldehyde--are possible human carcinogens. Fine particulate matter has been associated with decreased pulmonary function in children and with increased chronic lung disease in Nepal, where exposure to very high amounts of wood smoke occurs in residences. Wood smoke fumes, taken from both outdoor and indoor samples, have shown mutagenic activity in short-term bioassay tests. Because of the potential health effects of wood smoke, exposure to this source of air pollution should be minimal.29 references.

  2. Economics of gobar gas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pang, A.; Shrestha, P.C.; Fulford, D.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This series of reports follows a sequence necessary to start and run a biogas project. The first provides and introduction to biogas, its costs, and its yields. Its use will conserve forests, create clean, healthy fuel and fertilizer, and save Nepal foreign exchange. The feasibility study considered water and dung supply, degree of cooperation among the affected villagers, the need for the plant, and intangibles such as erosion control. The initial survey investigates the community social situation, needs, and cooperation. The Gobar Gas company had had personnel problems which decreased service, but the problems were being worked out. The project has been highly successful. The 11 Chinese plants worked well with no leaks from the cement but the gas valves leaked. The scum breaker also caused problems. The high quality plaster work required is the greatest hindrance.

  3. Strategies of Asian oil-importing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, M. [Asian Inst. of Tech., Bangkok (Thailand)

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Various strategies are used by oil-importing countries to reduce their economic dependence on imported oil: national oil production, energy conservation, and the change of economic structures from high energy intensity sectors to low ones. In this article, the roles of these different strategies have been identified for 10 selected oil-importing countries in Asia: Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, the Philippines, Thailand, Hong Kong, R.O Korea, and Taiwan. The results show that most of the selected countries (although Hong Kong and Taiwan are independent economic entities, for simplicity, the author refers to them as countries) have succeeded in reducing their national economy dependence on imported oil since 1973. Hong Kong, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and India are among the most successful countries, with more than 40% reduction in their economic dependence on imported oil.

  4. Reduction of ruminant methane emissions - a win-win-win opportunity for business, development, and the environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Livingston, R. [Appropriate Technology International, Washington, DC (United States)

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes research efforts of The Global Livestock Producers Program (GLPP) in establishing self-sustaining enterprises for cost-effective technologies (i.e., animal nutrition and genetic improvement) and global methane emissions reductions in developing world nations. The US Environmental Protection Agency has funded several studies to examine the possibilities of reducing ruminant methane emissions in India, Tanzania, Bangladesh, and Brazil. The results of the studies showed that: (1) many developing countries` production systems are inefficient, and (2) great potential exists for decreasing global methane emissions through increasing animal productivity. From this effort, the GLPP established livestock development projects in India, Zimbabwe, and Tanzania, and is developing projects for Bangladesh, Nepal, and Brazil. The GLPP has developed a proven methodology for assessing ruminant methane and incorporating methane emissions monitoring into viable projects.

  5. Research on farmers' objectives for tree breeding. Report of a workshop following a regional study in Asia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Raintree, J.B.; Taylor, D.A.

    1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1989, a study of farmers' tree breeding objectives was carried out in 31 villages in 7 countries of Asia. These conference proceedings contain discussion of the study's findings and its methodology and recommendations for follow-up activities. The primary aim of the study was to describe 'ideotypes' (plant models designed to yield products of greater quality and quantity than a conventional cultivar or wild plant) of multipurpose trees desired by farmer respondents. The study's main conclusion is that farmers' tree-breeding objectives can be elicited by the methodology used, and factors related to local situations. Recommended follow-up activities include: (1) consultation which extends beyond farmers to include other interest groups within the community; and (2) a small-scale study of processes by which farmers improve trees, with consideration of a larger scale study if warranted. Individual reports discuss tree breeding in Thailand, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Nepal.

  6. Long-term premonitory seismicity patterns in Tibet and the Himalayas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keilis-Borok, V.; Knopoff, L.; Allen, C.R.

    1980-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

    An attempt is made to identify seismicity patterns precursory to great earthquakes in most of Tibet as well as the central and eastern Himalayas. The region has considerable tectonic homogeneity and encompasses parts of China. India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Burma. Two seismicity patterns previously described were used (1) pattern ..sigma.. is a peak in the sum of earthquake energies raised to the power of about 2/3, taken over a sliding time window and within a magnitude range less than that of events we are trying to predict; and (2) pattern S (Swarms) consists of the spatial clustering of earthquakes during a time interval when the seismicity is above average. Within the test region, distinct peaks in pattern ..sigma.. have occurred twice during the 78-year-long test period: in 1948--49, prior to the great 1950 Assam-Tibet earthquake (M=8.6) and in 1976. Peaks in pattern S have occurred three times; in 1932--1933, prior to the great 1934 Bihar-Nepal earthquake (M=8.3), in 1946, and in 1978. The 1934 and 1950 earthquakes were the only events in the region that exceeded M=8.0 during the test period. On the basis of experience here and elsewhere, the current peaks in both ..sigma.. and S suggest the likelihood of an M=8.0 event within 6 years or an M=8.5 event within 14 years. Such a prognostication should be viewed more as an experimental long-term enhancement of the probability that a large earthquake will occur than as an actual prediction, in view of the exceedingly large area encompassed and the very lengthy time window. Furthermore, the chances of a randomly occurring event as large as M=8.0 in the region are perhaps 21% within the next 6 years, and the present state of the art is such that we can place only limited confidence in such forecasts.

  7. Global analysis of genetic variation in human arsenic (+ 3 oxidation state) methyltransferase (AS3MT)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fujihara, Junko [Department of Legal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Shimane University, Izumo, Shimane (Japan); Soejima, Mikiko [Department of Forensic Medicine and Human Genetics, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume, Fukuoka (Japan); Yasuda, Toshihiro [Division of Medical Genetics and Biochemistry, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Fukui, Eiheiji-cho, Fukui (Japan); Koda, Yoshiro [Department of Forensic Medicine and Human Genetics, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume, Fukuoka (Japan); Agusa, Tetsuro [Department of Legal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Shimane University, Izumo, Shimane (Japan); Kunito, Takashi [Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science, Shinshu University, Matsumoto, Nagano (Japan); Tongu, Miki; Yamada, Takaya [Department of Experimental Animals, Center for Integrated Research in Science, Faculty of Medicine, Shimane University, Izumo (Japan); Takeshita, Haruo, E-mail: htakeshi@med.shimane-u.ac.j [Department of Legal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Shimane University, Izumo, Shimane (Japan)

    2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Human arsenic (+ 3 oxidation state) methyltransferase (AS3MT) is known to catalyze the methylation of arsenite. The objective of this study was to investigate the diversity of the AS3MT gene at the global level. The distribution of 18 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in AS3MT was performed in 827 individuals from 10 populations (Japanese, Korean, Chinese, Mongolian, Tibetans, Sri Lankan Tamils, Sri Lankan Sinhalese, Nepal Tamangs, Ovambo, and Ghanaian). In the African populations, the A allele in A6144T was not observed; the allele frequencies of C35587 were much lower than those in other populations; the allele frequencies of A37616 and C37950 were relatively higher than those in other populations. Among Asian populations, Mongolians showed a different genotype distribution pattern. A lower C3963 and T6144 frequencies were observed, and, in the C37616A and T37950C polymorphism, the Mongolian population showed higher A37616 and C37950 allele frequencies than other Asian populations, similarly to the African populations. A total of 66 haplotypes were observed in the Ovambo, 48, in the Ghanaian, 99, in the Japanese, 103, in the Korean, 103, in the South Chinese, 20, in the Sri Lankan Tamil, 12, in the Sri Lankan Sinhalese, 21, in the Nepal Tamang, 50, in the Tibetan, and 45, in the Mongolian populations. The D' values between the SNP pairs were extremely high in the Sri Lankan Sinhalese population. Relatively higher D' values were observed in Mongolian and Sri Lankan Tamil populations. Network analysis showed two clusters that may have different origins, African and Asians (Chinese and/or Japanese). The present study is the first to demonstrate the existence of genetic heterogeneity in a world wide distribution of 18 SNPs in AS3MT.

  8. Stratigraphic evolution of Mesozoic continental margin and oceanic sequences northwest Australia and north Himalayas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gradstein, F.M. (Bedford Institute of Oceanography, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia (Canada)); Von Rad, U. (Bundesanstalt fuer Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe, Hannover (West Germany))

    1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors are investigating continental margin to ocean sequences of the incipient Indian Ocean as it replaced central Tethys. Objectives of this study are the dynamic relation between sedimentation, tectonics, and paleogeography. Principal basins formation along the northern edge of eastern Gondwana started in the Late Permian to the Triassic. By the Late Triassic-Early Jurassic, platform carbonates with thin, organic-rich lagoonal shales were laid down in a subtropical climate. This unit, which harbors some of the oldest known nannofossils, shows repeated shallowing-upward sequences. Subsequent southward drift of the Gondwana margin during the Middle Jurassic increased siliciclastic input in Nepal, when widespread sediment starvation or erosion during local uplift took place off parts of northwest Australia. A middle Callovian-early Oxfordian hiatus in Nepal is submarine and appears global in extent. The overlying 250-m-thick organic-rich black shales, correlative to the Oxford/Kimmeridge clays of circum-Atlantic petroleum basins, may be traced along the northern Himalayan Range, and probably represent an extensive continental slope deposit formed under an oxygen minimum layer in southern Tethys. The deposit's diverse foraminiferal microfauna was previously only known from boreal Laurasia. The Callovian breakup unconformity, off northwest Australia, precedes onset of sea-floor spreading at least 15-25 Ma. Sea-floor spreading, leading to the present Indian Ocean started in the Argo Abyssal Plain around 140 Ma, at the end of the Jurassic, was about 15 m.y. later than previously postulated. Australia and Greater India separated as early as the Late Valanginian, about 130 Ma. Mafic volcaniclastics in Nepalese deltaic sediments probably testify to concurrent continental margin volcanic activity, which may be a precursor to the slightly younger Rajmahal traps in eastern India.

  9. Oil and gas developments in central and southern Africa in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartman, J.B.; Walker, T.L.

    1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Significant rightholding changes took place in central and southern Africa during 1987. Angola, Benin, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Mauritania, Seychelles, Somali Republic, Tanzania, Zaire, and Zambia announced awards or acreage open for bidding. Decreases in exploratory rightholdings occurred in Cameroon, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Kenya, Namibia, South Africa, and Tanzania. More wells and greater footage were drilled in 1987 than in 1986. Total wells increased by 18% as 254 wells were completed compared to 217 in 1986. Footage drilled during the year increased by 46% as about 1.9 million ft were drilled compared to about 1.3 million ft in 1986. The success rate for exploration wells in 1987 improved slightly to 36% compared to 34% in 1986. Significant discoveries were made in Nigeria, Angola, Congo, and Gabon. Seismic acquisition in 1987 was the major geophysical activity during the year. Total oil production in 1987 was 773 million bbl (about 2.1 million b/d), a decrease of 7%. The decrease is mostly due to a 14% drop in Nigerian production, which comprises 60% of total regional production. The production share of OPEC countries (Nigeria and Gabon) versus non-OPEC countries of 67% remained unchanged from 1986. 24 figs., 5 tabs.

  10. Monte Carlo simulations of alternative sky observation modes with the Cherenkov Telescope Array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szanecki, M; Nied?wiecki, A; Sitarek, J; Bednarek, W

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate possible sky survey modes with the Middle Sized Telescopes (MST, aimed at covering the energy range from $\\sim$100 GeV to 10 TeV) subsystem of the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA). We use the standard CTA tools, CORSIKA and sim_telarray, to simulate the development of gamma-ray showers, proton background and the telescope response. We perform simulations for the H.E.S.S.-site in Namibia, which is one of the candidate sites for the CTA experiment. We study two previously considered modes, parallel and divergent, and we propose a new, convergent mode with telescopes tilted toward the array center. For each mode we provide performance parameters crucial for choosing the most efficient survey strategy. For the non-parallel modes we study the dependence on the telescope offset angle. We show that use of both the divergent and convergent modes results in potential advantages in comparison with use of the parallel mode. The fastest source detection can be achieved in the divergent mode with larger offs...

  11. Argonne National Laboratory Research Highlights 1988

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The research and development highlights are summarized. The world's brightest source of X-rays could revolutionize materials research. Test of a prototype insertion device, a key in achieving brilliant X-ray beams, have given the first glimpse of the machine's power. Superconductivity research focuses on the new materials' structure, economics and applications. Other physical science programs advance knowledge of material structures and properties, nuclear physics, molecular structure, and the chemistry and structure of coal. New programming approaches make advanced computers more useful. Innovative approaches to fighting cancer are being developed. More experiments confirm the passive safety of Argonne's Integral Fast Reactor concept. Device simplifies nuclear-waste processing. Advanced fuel cell could provide better mileage, more power than internal combustion engine. New instruments find leaks in underground pipe, measure sodium impurities in molten liquids, detect flaws in ceramics. New antibody findings may explain ability to fight many diseases. Cadmium in cigarettes linked to bone loss in women. Programs fight deforestation in Nepal. New technology could reduce acid rain, mitigate greenhouse effect, enhance oil recovery. Innovative approaches transfer Argonne-developed technology to private industry. Each year Argonne educational programs reach some 1200 students.

  12. Characteristics of the Yala Glacier from theview point of tritium content

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kamiyama, K.; Kitaoka, K.; Watanabe, O.

    1986-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The vertical distributions of tritium content in glacier ice were determined at two different heights of the Yala Glacier in the Langtang Region, Nepal Himalayas. In the vertical profile of tritium content at the upper point (about 5,400 m high) there exists a clear peak, which shows the injection of artificial tritium due to nuclear weapon test series. The average accumulation rate from 1963 to 1982 at this point is estimated to be 0.85 m of water equivalent per year. At the lower point (about 5,200 m high) the tritium content is relatively low throughout the ice core, decreasing with depth. Precipitation nourishes the glacier in the accumulation area and, after a long time, it appears in the ablation area with the movement of the ice body, resulting in the different profiles of the tritium content between the two points. From the viewpoint of tritium content, the precipitation in the Yala Glacier is more similar to that in New Delhi, India, than that in Karizimir, Afghanistan. Generally speaking, the tritium content in the pricipitation is lower in the coastal area than in the continental area. The precipitation in the Yala Glacier belongs to the coastal type. There possibly exists a great difference in tritium content between the glaciers nourished by water vapor coming directly from the sea and by that coming over the continent.

  13. Hydrocarbon potential, organic matter diagenesis, sedimentology, and paleoenvironment of upper Mesozoic dark shales, northern Himalayas and Argo abyssal plain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thurow, J.; Gibling, M.

    1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Late Jurassic was a time favorable for the deposition of black shale-type sediments in shallow environments as known from circum-North Atlantic basins, North Sea, and Himalayan Tethys regions. Locally these shales have excellent hydrocarbon source potential. The site of the Spiti shales in the Thakkola region of north-central Nepal provides the opportunity to study a long-term (Oxfordian-Tithonian) stable, shallow, and oxygen-depleted environment. Strata with calcareous benthic communities show that the environment was not anoxic. Organic geochemical and sedimentological analyses on the Spiti shales (Oxfordian-Valanginian) were done to understand the hydrocarbon potential, organic matter diagenesis, sedimentology, and paleoenvironment of this sequence. The depositional environment changed, driven by tectono-eustatic and climatic events, from an open shelf (approximately 250 m) with low amounts of detrital input and rich macrofossil communities to an extremely shallow, partly continental environment with intercalations of quartzose channel fill, silty shales, rare lumachelle layers, and coal seams. Paleocurrents suggest a north-facing continental margin bordering the Tethys Sea. The organic matter changed from marine (Jurassic) to terrestrial in the Cretaceous. Analysis of coeval strata, deposited in the deep-marine environment off the northern Indian shelf (contiguous with the present-day Argo abyssal plain), demonstrates the changing shallow to deep-water hydrocarbon potential. It reflects the more advanced organic matter maturation of the onshore material due to Himalayan tectonics and allows tracing the transport of the organic matter.

  14. Depositional facies, diagenesis, and reservoir quality of Ivishak sandstone (Sadlerochit Group), Prudhoe Bay field

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McGowen, J.H.; Bloch, S.

    1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Sadlerochit Group is a large fan-delta system comparable in size to the modern Kosi River wet alluvial fan of Nepal and India. Braided-stream processes distributed chert gravel and quartz and chert sand in radial fashion to construct the subaerial part of the fan delta. Fluvial energy, slope of the fan surface, and grain size decrease in a north to south basinward direction. There is also a decrease in scale of sedimentation units from source area seaward. Facies of the subaerial fan delta can be broadly categorized as midfan delta (alternating conglomerate and sandstone), distal fan-delta (chiefly sandstone), and abandoned channel-fill, overbank, and pond facies (mudstone, siltstone, fine-grained sandstone). Seaward of the subaerial fan delta are the delta-front and prodelta facies. Subaerial fan-delta and delta-front facies compose the Ivishak sandstone, which grades basinward into the Kavik shale, a prodelta facies. Diagenetic effects were gradually superimposed on the sediments deposited in the Sadlerochit fan-delta system. The sedimentary facies, and in particular their textural characteristics, seem to control the side and degree of diagenesis, including enhancement of porosity and permeability. Comparison of permeability trends among the facies of the Ivishak sandstone with permeability patterns displayed by unconsolidated sands with analogous grain size and texture, indicates that the general trends that existed in the Ivishak sediments are still recognizable in spite of the diagenetic overprint.

  15. Techno-socio-economic study of bio-gas plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study covers technological, social and economic aspects of the biogas program in Chitawan, Nepal. Many interesting facts are revealed which may be useful for future planning of Nepalese biogas programs. Concerning the social aspects, only big farmers (having more than 4 bighas of land and more than 10 domestic animals) were found to have biogas plants. No farmer who had a biogas plant was illiterate. As for the technical aspects of the total gas ovens used in the area, 66% were of BTI design. Most of the ovens were of 0.45-m/sup 3/ capacity. The life of BTI ovens was found to be shorter than the life of ovens of other companies. BTI ovens are not useful when farmers have to use a big pot for cooking. All farmers of the area were found to be convinced of the utility of the biogas plant. With regard to the economic aspects of using biogas plants, farmers were able to save 53% of the total expenditure which they had been spending for fuel. Wood consumption was reduced to 50% by using biogas. The internal rate of return of a 2.8-m/sup 3/ biogas plant was found to be 14% assuming that the plant would last for 20 years. Most of the farmers in the area did not have biogas plants. The main reason given was that there were not enough capital and cattle to begin such an operation.

  16. Forestry management for sustainable development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D'Silva, E.; Appanah, S.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Forests in the developing world are in crisis. Nowhere is this more acute than in Asia: though one-third of the land mass is covered with forests, this ratio is shrinking rapidly at the rate of 2 million hectares per year. By current trends, half of the original 725 million hectares will disappear by the year 2000. The dramatic declines will occur in India, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka and Thailand. Some of the economic costs of deforestation are obvious. Timber export has long been an important income earner (eg, it is a second major export after oil earning $4.2 billion in 1991 for Indonesia and $3.8 billion in 1992 for Malaysia). Some of the losses from deforestation are of concern to the world community. China, India, Indonesia, and Malaysia are among the 12 'mega-diversity' countries in which half of the earth's plant and animal species are to be found. (Copyright (c) 1993 The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank.)

  17. The tectonic development of south-central Asia and the paleogeographic setting of its hydrocarbon resources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scotese, C.R. (Shell Development Co., Houston, TX (USA)); Tyrell, W.W. Jr. (Amoco Production Co., Houston, TX (USA)); Maher, K.A. (Shell Development Co., Houston, TX (USA))

    1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The countries of south-central Asia (Afghanistan to Thailand) are made up of fragments of Gondwana that collided with the southern margin of Eurasia during the Mesozoic and Cenozoic. The Cimmerian terranes (Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan, Qiang Tang, and Burma-Malaya) rifted away from Gondwana beginning in the Late Carboniferous and were accreted to Asia during the Late Triassic-Jurassic. The Lhasa terrane, presumably also derived from Gondwana, was accreted during the Late Jurassic. By the Early Cretaceous, India-Madagascar had separated from Africa and from Australia-Antarctica. In the middle Cretaceous, India rapidly rifted away from Madagascar, and during the early Eocene collided with Asia giving rise to the Tibetam Plateau and the mountain belts from Afghanistan through Burma. The sedimentary basins and petroleum provinces adjacent to and south of these collision zones are best understood when viewed in the context of their tectonic history and paleogeographic setting. About 7 billion bbl of oil and 50 tcf of gas have been discovered in south-central Asia, mostly in Cenozoic deltaic sandstones or marine carbonate reservoirs in rift (Cambay), passive margin (Bombay shelf), and foreland basins (Assam, Indux, Potwar, Bengal) in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, and in a fore-arc setting in Burma. Source rocks are mostly Paleogene shale, but some Paleozoic and Mesozoic sources be present in Pakistan. New exploration is underway or will begin soon in India, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Burma.

  18. Experimental design and study of Free Rotor River Turbine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nepali, D.B.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Terrace irrigation along the rivers of Nepal is the vital problem of farmers in the remote villages. The existing turbines and irrigation systems are not feasible without civil structures, and suffer from the lack of resources and financial problems. A simple and inexpensive underwater Free Rotor River Turbine (FRRT) which extracts power ranging from a fraction of a HP up to 25 HP from the velocity of the running water in a river or stream was developed. The power obtained from the turbine can be used to run a pump to lift water for drinking purposes and for irrigation along the river banks during the dry season and early part of the wet season. Various designs of models have been tested in the laboratory to find the optimum pitch angle, shape and size of blades, and optimum number of blades in order to accomplish the cheapest, simplest, and most efficient turbine. The effect of diameter of turbine, velocity of water and torque produced by the turbines were studied,and the effect of simple linear twist on blades is discussed.

  19. Indoor and outdoor air pollution in the Himalayas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davidson, C.I.; Lin, S.F.; Osborn, J.F.; Pandey, M.R.; Rasmussen, R.A.; Khalil, M.A.K.

    1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Air pollutant concentrations have been measured in residences in the Himalayas of Nepal where biomass fuels are used for cooking and heating. Levels of total suspended particles are in the range 3-42 mg/m/sup 3/, with respirable suspended particles in the range 1-14 mg/m/sup 3/ in the houses sampled. Limited data for gaseous species show appreciable levels of carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, methane, and several non-methane hydrocarbons. A questionnaire concerning energy use administered in each household suggests that high per capita use of biomass fuels is responsible for excessive pollutant concentrations. Application of a one-compartment mass balance model to these houses shows only rough agreement between calculated and measured values, due to uncertainties in model input parameters as well as difficulties in estimating average pollutant concentrations throughout each house. High outdoor concentrations of potassium and methyl chloride, previously shown to be tracers of biomass combustion, indicate that the indoor biomass combustion also degrades the outdoor environment. Values of crustal enrichment factors for trace elements in the air and snow of the region suggest that the polluted air is generally confined to the populated villages, with more pristine air at higher elevations. 58 references, 1 figure, 5 tables.

  20. A first large-scale flood inundation forecasting model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schumann, Guy J-P; Neal, Jeffrey C.; Voisin, Nathalie; Andreadis, Konstantinos M.; Pappenberger, Florian; Phanthuwongpakdee, Kay; Hall, Amanda C.; Bates, Paul D.

    2013-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

    At present continental to global scale flood forecasting focusses on predicting at a point discharge, with little attention to the detail and accuracy of local scale inundation predictions. Yet, inundation is actually the variable of interest and all flood impacts are inherently local in nature. This paper proposes a first large scale flood inundation ensemble forecasting model that uses best available data and modeling approaches in data scarce areas and at continental scales. The model was built for the Lower Zambezi River in southeast Africa to demonstrate current flood inundation forecasting capabilities in large data-scarce regions. The inundation model domain has a surface area of approximately 170k km2. ECMWF meteorological data were used to force the VIC (Variable Infiltration Capacity) macro-scale hydrological model which simulated and routed daily flows to the input boundary locations of the 2-D hydrodynamic model. Efficient hydrodynamic modeling over large areas still requires model grid resolutions that are typically larger than the width of many river channels that play a key a role in flood wave propagation. We therefore employed a novel sub-grid channel scheme to describe the river network in detail whilst at the same time representing the floodplain at an appropriate and efficient scale. The modeling system was first calibrated using water levels on the main channel from the ICESat (Ice, Cloud, and land Elevation Satellite) laser altimeter and then applied to predict the February 2007 Mozambique floods. Model evaluation showed that simulated flood edge cells were within a distance of about 1 km (one model resolution) compared to an observed flood edge of the event. Our study highlights that physically plausible parameter values and satisfactory performance can be achieved at spatial scales ranging from tens to several hundreds of thousands of km2 and at model grid resolutions up to several km2. However, initial model test runs in forecast mode revealed that it is crucial to account for basin-wide hydrological response time when assessing lead time performances notwithstanding structural limitations in the hydrological model and possibly large inaccuracies in precipitation data.

  1. Climate response of the South Asian monsoon system to anthropogenic aerosols

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ganguly, Dilip; Rasch, Philip J.; Wang, Hailong; Yoon, Jin-Ho

    2012-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The equilibrium climate response to the total effects (direct, indirect and semi-direct effects) of aerosols arising from anthropogenic and biomass burning emissions on the South Asian summer monsoon system is studied using a coupled atmosphere-slab ocean model. Our results suggest that anthropogenic and biomass burning aerosols generally induce a reduction in mean summer monsoon precipitation over most parts of the Indian subcontinent, strongest along the western coastline of the Indian peninsula and eastern Nepal region, but modest increases also occur over the north western part of the subcontinent. While most of the noted reduction in precipitation is triggered by increased emissions of aerosols from anthropogenic activities, modest increases in the north west are mostly associated with decreases in local emissions of aerosols from forest fire and grass fire sources. Anthropogenic aerosols from outside Asia also contribute to the overall reduction in precipitation but the dominant contribution comes from aerosol sources within Asia. Local emissions play a more important role in the total rainfall response to anthropogenic aerosol sources during the early monsoon period, whereas both local as well as remote emissions of aerosols play almost equally important roles during the later part of the monsoon period. While precipitation responses are primarily driven by local aerosol forcing, regional surface temperature changes over the region are strongly influenced by anthropogenic aerosols from sources further away (non-local changes). Changes in local anthropogenic organic and black carbon emissions by as much as a factor of two (preserving their ratio) produce the same basic signatures in the model's summer monsoon temperature and precipitation responses.

  2. Mesozoic stratigraphy of northwestern Australian and northern Himalayan margins

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ogg, J.; Kopaskamerkel, D.C.

    1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Mesozoic stratigraphies of the Himalayan margin, the Argo abyssal plain, and the Exmouth Plateau exhibit marked contrasts in their sedimentation histories. The sedimentary sequence on the northeastern Exmouth Plateau off Australia includes a Carnian to Rhaetian sequence of fluviodeltaic and marine clastics and carbonates, capped by a shallowing-upward sequence of platform carbonates overlain, with a major unconformity, by marine Aptian sediments deposited during rapid subsidence of the plateau. Argo abyssal plain basement is overlain by red-brown, bioturbated, inoceramid-rich quartzose claystones, bentonites, and quartz siltstones, dated by radiolarians and benthic foraminifera as lowest Cretaceous. This is overlain by red and green claystones and nannofossil chalks. The basal age indicates that sea-floor spreading began in the earliest Cretaceous, not Oxfordian as had been thought. In the Thakkola region of Nepal, uppermost Triassic through Lower Jurassic shelf and carbonate platform facies are capped by a ferruginous oolite deposit of latest Bathonian to earliest Callovian age. Sedimentation resumed in the middle Oxfordian with deposition of Berriasian( ) deep-water black organic-rich mud. Following a valanginian regression and progradation of terrigenous clastics, Aptian black shales were deposited. In geological studies of the northwestern Australian margin, the ubiquitous hiatus within the Callovian-Oxfordian has been termed the breakup unconformity. Existence of a similar-aged hiatus in the Himalayas on a margin which formed during the late Paleozoic, absence of any Jurassic on the Exmouth Plateau, and the apparent initiation of spreading in the Argo basin during the earliest Cretaceous suggest that this widespread unconformity is not associated with a continental breakup in these regions.

  3. Geographical Distribution of Biomass Carbon in Tropical Southeast Asian Forests: A Database

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S

    2001-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A database was generated of estimates of geographically referenced carbon densities of forest vegetation in tropical Southeast Asia for 1980. A geographic information system (GIS) was used to incorporate spatial databases of climatic, edaphic, and geomorphological indices and vegetation to estimate potential (i.e., in the absence of human intervention and natural disturbance) carbon densities of forests. The resulting map was then modified to estimate actual 1980 carbon density as a function of population density and climatic zone. The database covers the following 13 countries: Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia (Campuchea), India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam. The data sets within this database are provided in three file formats: ARC/INFOTM exported integer grids, ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) files formatted for raster-based GIS software packages, and generic ASCII files with x, y coordinates for use with non-GIS software packages. This database includes ten ARC/INFO exported integer grid files (five with the pixel size 3.75 km x 3.75 km and five with the pixel size 0.25 degree longitude x 0.25 degree latitude) and 27 ASCII files. The first ASCII file contains the documentation associated with this database. Twenty-four of the ASCII files were generated by means of the ARC/INFO GRIDASCII command and can be used by most raster-based GIS software packages. The 24 files can be subdivided into two groups of 12 files each. These files contain real data values representing actual carbon and potential carbon density in Mg C/ha (1 megagram = 10{sup 6} grams) and integer-coded values for country name, Weck's Climatic Index, ecofloristic zone, elevation, forest or non-forest designation, population density, mean annual precipitation, slope, soil texture, and vegetation classification. One set of 12 files contains these data at a spatial resolution of 3.75 km, whereas the other set of 12 files has a spatial resolution of 0.25 degree. The remaining two ASCII data files combine all of the data from the 24 ASCII data files into 2 single generic data files. The first file has a spatial resolution of 3.75 km, and the second has a resolution of 0.25 degree. Both files also provide a grid-cell identification number and the longitude and latitude of the center-point of each grid cell. The 3.75-km data in this numeric data package yield an actual total carbon estimate of 42.1 Pg (1 petagram = 10{sup 15} grams) and a potential carbon estimate of 73.6 Pg; whereas the 0.25-degree data produced an actual total carbon estimate of 41.8 Pg and a total potential carbon estimate of 73.9 Pg. Fortran and SAS{trademark} access codes are provided to read the ASCII data files, and ARC/INFO and ARCVIEW command syntax are provided to import the ARC/INFO exported integer grid files. The data files and this documentation are available without charge on a variety of media and via the Internet from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC).

  4. Geographical Distribution of Biomass Carbon in Tropical Southeast Asian Forests: A Database

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.

    2002-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A database was generated of estimates of geographically referenced carbon densities of forest vegetation in tropical Southeast Asia for 1980. A geographic information system (GIS) was used to incorporate spatial databases of climatic, edaphic, and geomorphological indices and vegetation to estimate potential (i.e., in the absence of human intervention and natural disturbance) carbon densities of forests. The resulting map was then modified to estimate actual 1980 carbon density as a function of population density and climatic zone. The database covers the following 13 countries: Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia (Campuchea), India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam. The data sets within this database are provided in three file formats: ARC/INFO{trademark} exported integer grids, ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) files formatted for raster-based GIS software packages, and generic ASCII files with x, y coordinates for use with non-GIS software packages. This database includes ten ARC/INFO exported integer grid files (five with the pixel size 3.75 km x 3.75 km and five with the pixel size 0.25 degree longitude x 0.25 degree latitude) and 27 ASCII files. The first ASCII file contains the documentation associated with this database. Twenty-four of the ASCII files were generated by means of the ARC/INFO GRIDASCII command and can be used by most raster-based GIS software packages. The 24 files can be subdivided into two groups of 12 files each. These files contain real data values representing actual carbon and potential carbon density in Mg C/ha (1 megagram = 10{sup 6} grams) and integer- coded values for country name, Weck's Climatic Index, ecofloristic zone, elevation, forest or non-forest designation, population density, mean annual precipitation, slope, soil texture, and vegetation classification. One set of 12 files contains these data at a spatial resolution of 3.75 km, whereas the other set of 12 files has a spatial resolution of 0.25 degree. The remaining two ASCII data files combine all of the data from the 24 ASCII data files into 2 single generic data files. The first file has a spatial resolution of 3.75 km, and the second has a resolution of 0.25 degree. Both files also provide a grid-cell identification number and the longitude and latitude of the centerpoint of each grid cell. The 3.75-km data in this numeric data package yield an actual total carbon estimate of 42.1 Pg (1 petagram = 10{sup 15} grams) and a potential carbon estimate of 73.6 Pg; whereas the 0.25-degree data produced an actual total carbon estimate of 41.8 Pg and a total potential carbon estimate of 73.9 Pg. Fortran and SASTM access codes are provided to read the ASCII data files, and ARC/INFO and ARCVIEW command syntax are provided to import the ARC/INFO exported integer grid files. The data files and this documentation are available without charge on a variety of media and via the Internet from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC).