Sample records for mover code prime

  1. Characterization of the Installed Costs of Prime Movers Using...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Installed Costs of Prime Movers Using Gaseous Opportunity Fuels, September 2007 Characterization of the Installed Costs of Prime Movers Using Gaseous Opportunity Fuels, September...

  2. Choosing a sample rate for prime mover digital control systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schade, J.

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper explains the reasons and consequences of sample rate selection for gas turbine and steam turbine controls. Sample rate theory is important because there is often confusion about how to select the sample rate for different applications. Full-load rejection offspeeds, a common prime mover performance issue, will be used as an example. The effect of different sample rates will be shown.

  3. Investigation on streaming sources in thermoacoustic prime mover

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Investigation on streaming sources in thermoacoustic prime mover R. Paridaens, S. Kouidri and F acoustic streaming is superimposed to the oscillating flow. In thermoacoustic devices, the streaming and the contribution of each phenomenon is quantified versus the channel diameter. 1 Introduction Thermoacoustic

  4. Amplification and saturation of the thermoacoustic instability in a standing-wave prime mover

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Amplification and saturation of the thermoacoustic instability in a standing-wave prime mover M. Gu, a thermoacoustic standing-wave device is studied, which consists of a quarter-wavelength straight resonator such as the thermoacoustic heat flow inside the stack and the Rayleigh's streaming in the resonator are introduced

  5. GREENHOUSE GAS REDUCTION POTENTIAL WITH COMBINED HEAT AND POWER WITH DISTRIBUTED GENERATION PRIME MOVERS - ASME 2012

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curran, Scott [ORNL; Theiss, Timothy J [ORNL; Bunce, Michael [ORNL

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pending or recently enacted greenhouse gas regulations and mandates are leading to the need for current and feasible GHG reduction solutions including combined heat and power (CHP). Distributed generation using advanced reciprocating engines, gas turbines, microturbines and fuel cells has been shown to reduce greenhouse gases (GHG) compared to the U.S. electrical generation mix due to the use of natural gas and high electrical generation efficiencies of these prime movers. Many of these prime movers are also well suited for use in CHP systems which recover heat generated during combustion or energy conversion. CHP increases the total efficiency of the prime mover by recovering waste heat for generating electricity, replacing process steam, hot water for buildings or even cooling via absorption chilling. The increased efficiency of CHP systems further reduces GHG emissions compared to systems which do not recover waste thermal energy. Current GHG mandates within the U.S Federal sector and looming GHG legislation for states puts an emphasis on understanding the GHG reduction potential of such systems. This study compares the GHG savings from various state-of-the- art prime movers. GHG reductions from commercially available prime movers in the 1-5 MW class including, various industrial fuel cells, large and small gas turbines, micro turbines and reciprocating gas engines with and without CHP are compared to centralized electricity generation including the U.S. mix and the best available technology with natural gas combined cycle power plants. The findings show significant GHG saving potential with the use of CHP. Also provided is an exploration of the accounting methodology for GHG reductions with CHP and the sensitivity of such analyses to electrical generation efficiency, emissions factors and most importantly recoverable heat and thermal recovery efficiency from the CHP system.

  6. Property:Number of Prime Movers | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal PwerPerkins County, Nebraska:PrecourtOid JumpEligSysSizeNbrGeneratingUnitsBuild OutMovers Jump

  7. Nox control technology data base for gas-fueled prime movers: Phase 1. Topical report, March 1985-September 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thring, R.H.; Hull, R.W.; Ingalls, M.; Urban, C.; Ariga, S.

    1988-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Phase 1 of a study to expand the performance and life-cycle cost data base for NOx control of gas-fueled prime movers has been accomplished through experimental evaluations of fuel effects, technical literature reviews of Japanese and domestic approaches to NOx control and through direct contacts with manufacturers and users in the United States and Japan. Engine tests confirm literature findings that natural gas and methanol provide an advantage over petroleum fuels in limiting NOx formation. For lean-burn engines (e.g., two-cycle and gas turbine engines), selective catalytic reduction offers the greatest amount of NOx control. Installation, operating and maintenance costs are very high; the method has received moderate acceptance in Japan but limited use in the United States. For rich-burn engines, nonselective catalytic reduction is gaining acceptance for NOx control. This method is basically the adaption of automotive three-way catalyst technology. Further RandD is recommended for alternative methods of NOx control which include combustion-cycle modifications and noncatalytic exhaust aftertreatment.

  8. Locally Decodable Codes From Nice Subsets of Finite Fields and Prime Factors of Mersenne Numbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kedlaya, Kiran S

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A k-query Locally Decodable Code (LDC) encodes an n-bit message x as an N-bit codeword C(x), such that one can probabilistically recover any bit x_i of the message by querying only k bits of the codeword C(x), even after some constant fraction of codeword bits has been corrupted. The major goal of LDC related research is to establish the optimal trade-off between length and query complexity of such codes. Recently [Y] introduced a novel technique for constructing locally decodable codes and vastly improved the upper bounds for code length. The technique is based on Mersenne primes. In this paper we extend the work of [Y] and argue that further progress via these methods is tied to progress on an old number theory question regarding the size of the largest prime factors of Mersenne numbers. Specifically, we show that every Mersenne number m=2^t-1 that has a prime factor p>m^\\gamma yields a family of k(\\gamma)-query locally decodable codes of length Exp(n^{1/t}). Conversely, if for some fixed k and all \\epsilon...

  9. Magic state distillation in all prime dimensions using quantum Reed-Muller codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campbell, Earl T; Browne, Dan E

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose families of protocols for magic state distillation -- important components of fault tolerance schemes --- for systems of odd prime dimension. Our protocols utilize quantum Reed-Muller codes with transversal non-Clifford gates. We find that in higher dimensions smaller codes can be used than one might expect based on qubit codes. All our protocols produce magic states at a resource cost that increases only polynomially with the inverse of the final ouput error probability. We give specific details for 3-dimensional systems, where we find that certain magic states can be distilled provided an initial error probability of less than 20.02% or a depolarizing noise rate of less than 31.7%. This is the largest error probability threshold of all known protocols with polynomial resource cost. For a depolarizing noise model we also give distillation thresholds for odd prime dimensions up-to 19.

  10. Property:Distributed Generation Prime Mover | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,PillarPublicationType JumpDOEInvolve Jump to:DeploymentSectorFunction Jump

  11. Characterization of the Installed Costs of Prime Movers Using Gaseous

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof EnergyAdministration-DesertofSuccess Stories fromSteels (AHSS)

  12. Fuel supply system and method for coal-fired prime mover

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Smith, William C. (Morgantown, WV); Paulson, Leland E. (Morgantown, WV)

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A coal-fired gas turbine engine is provided with an on-site coal preparation and engine feeding arrangement. With this arrangement, relatively large dry particles of coal from an on-site coal supply are micro-pulverized and the resulting dry, micron-sized, coal particulates are conveyed by steam or air into the combustion chamber of the engine. Thermal energy introduced into the coal particulates during the micro-pulverizing step is substantially recovered since the so-heated coal particulates are fed directly from the micro-pulverizer into the combustion chamber.

  13. Energy at the Frontier : low carbon energy system transitions and innovation in four prime mover countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Araújo, Kathleen M

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    All too often, discussion about the imperative to change national energy pathways revolves around long timescales and least cost economics of near-term energy alternatives. While both elements certainly matter, they don't ...

  14. Prime Movers of Globalization: The History and Impact of Diesel Engines and Gas Turbines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Byron P.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Impact of Diesel Engines and Gas Turbines By Vaclav Smiland Impact of Diesel Engines and Gas Turbines. Cambridge,of the internal combustion engine invented by Rudolf Diesel

  15. Prime Movers of Globalization: The History and Impact of Diesel Engines and Gas Turbines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Byron P.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Diesel Engines and Gas Turbines By Vaclav Smil Reviewedof Diesel Engines and Gas Turbines. Cambridge, MA: The MITin the 1890s and the gas turbine invented by Frank Whittle

  16. Prime Movers of Globalization: The History and Impact of Diesel Engines and Gas Turbines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Byron P.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The History and Impact of Diesel Engines and Gas Turbines ByThe History and Impact of Diesel Engines and Gas Turbines.engine invented by Rudolf Diesel in the 1890s and the gas

  17. Electrical Power Grid Delivery Dynamic Analysis: Using Prime Mover Engines to Balance Dynamic Wind Turbine Output

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Diana K. Grauer; Michael E. Reed

    2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents an investigation into integrated wind + combustion engine high penetration electrical generation systems. Renewable generation systems are now a reality of electrical transmission. Unfortunately, many of these renewable energy supplies are stochastic and highly dynamic. Conversely, the existing national grid has been designed for steady state operation. The research team has developed an algorithm to investigate the feasibility and relative capability of a reciprocating internal combustion engine to directly integrate with wind generation in a tightly coupled Hybrid Energy System. Utilizing the Idaho National Laboratory developed Phoenix Model Integration Platform, the research team has coupled demand data with wind turbine generation data and the Aspen Custom Modeler reciprocating engine electrical generator model to investigate the capability of reciprocating engine electrical generation to balance stochastic renewable energy.

  18. Prime Movers of Globalization: The History and Impact of Diesel Engines and Gas Turbines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Byron P.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    jet airplanes. Gas turbines and diesel engines eventuallyof Diesel Engines and Gas Turbines By Vaclav Smil Reviewedof Diesel Engines and Gas Turbines. Cambridge, MA: The MIT

  19. The 4 phase VSR motor: The ideal prime mover for electric vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holling, G.H.; Yeck, M.M.

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    4 phase variable switched reluctance motors are gaining acceptance in many applications due to their fault tolerant characteristics. A 4 phase variable switched reluctance motor (VSR) is modelled and its performance is predicted for several operating points for an electric vehicle application. The 4 phase VSR offers fault tolerance, high performance, and an excellent torque to weight ratio. The actual system performance was measured both on a teststand and on an actual vehicle. While the system described is used in a production electric motorscooter, the technology is equally applicable for high efficiency electric cars and buses. 4 refs.

  20. Dynamic Analysis of Electrical Power Grid Delivery: Using Prime Mover Engines to Balance Dynamic Wind Turbine Output

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Diana K. Grauer

    2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents an investigation into integrated wind + combustion engine high penetration electrical generation systems. Renewable generation systems are now a reality of electrical transmission. Unfortunately, many of these renewable energy supplies are stochastic and highly dynamic. Conversely, the existing national grid has been designed for steady state operation. The research team has developed an algorithm to investigate the feasibility and relative capability of a reciprocating internal combustion engine to directly integrate with wind generation in a tightly coupled Hybrid Energy System. Utilizing the Idaho National Laboratory developed Phoenix Model Integration Platform, the research team has coupled demand data with wind turbine generation data and the Aspen Custom Modeler reciprocating engine electrical generator model to investigate the capability of reciprocating engine electrical generation to balance stochastic renewable energy.

  1. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by Grade, Formulation, PAD District, and State 356 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1996 Table 48. Prime...

  2. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by Grade, Formulation, PAD District, and State 356 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1997 Table 48. Prime...

  3. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    - - 2,670.9 2,670.9 - - 410.4 410.4 See footnotes at end of table. 314 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 48. Prime Supplier...

  4. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... W - W 2,588.7 - - 454.4 454.4 See footnotes at end of table. 314 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 48. Prime Supplier...

  5. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    - - 2,845.1 2,845.1 - - 345.8 345.8 See footnotes at end of table. 314 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2000 Table 48. Prime Supplier...

  6. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    - - 3,100.9 3,100.9 - - 332.3 332.3 See footnotes at end of table. 314 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2001 Table 48. Prime Supplier...

  7. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    - - 3,376.7 3,376.7 - - 306.6 306.6 See footnotes at end of table. 314 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2002 Table 48. Prime Supplier...

  8. Dynamics of structural priming 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malhotra, Gaurav

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for understanding various aspects of syntactic priming. Cognitive processes are modelled as dynamical systems that can change their behaviour when they process information. We use these dynamical systems to investigate how each episode of language comprehension...

  9. Reasoning about Primes (II)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jens Oehlschlägel

    2014-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We prove a couple of related theorems including Legendre's and Andrica's conjecture. Key to the proofs is an algorithm that delivers the exact upper bound on the greatest gap that can occur in a combinatorial game with the set of $P$ primes $\\le p$ in their doubled primorial interval $0..p\\#..2p\\#$ where we relax a constraint that the primes usually follow: if the bound $g(P)=2p-5$ for maximizing the gap length applies with more degrees of freedom, it also applies in the more constrained prime game as $g(P)\\le2p-5$, at least in the subregion $[1,{p'}^2]$ where no other primes have influence ($p'$ notates the next other prime). From here proving the mentioned theorems is straightforward, for example Legendre's interval $]n^2,(n+1)^2[$ is located completely inside the valid subregion and is greater than the greatest possible gap. Another consequence is that there must be a prime within $n\\pm (\\sqrt{n}-1)$ for all $n>1$. For small numbers the proofs are verified using the R statistical language.

  10. The specificity of searches for $W^{\\prime}$, $Z^{\\prime}$ and $?^{\\prime}$ coming from extra dimensions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. E. Boos; V. E. Bunichev; M. A. Perfilov; M. N. Smolyakov; I. P. Volobuev

    2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss the specificity of searches for hypothetical $W^{\\prime}$, $Z^{\\prime}$ and $\\gamma^{\\prime}$ bosons at hadron colliders in single top quark and $\\mu^{+}\

  11. Ayuda:Mover una página | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation in Carbon CaptureAtria PowerAxeon Technology LtdBuscadoresMover

  12. Salt: Mover and Shaker in Ancient Society? LSU and Auburn Scientists Receive $250,041 NSF Grants to investigate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salt: Mover and Shaker in Ancient Society? LSU and Auburn Scientists Receive $250,041 NSF Grants Architecture and the Salt Industry."1 The award is through the Archaeology Program at NSF to Heather Mc salt industry in Paynes Creek National Park, Belize, including its submergence by sea-level rise

  13. Data Compression with Prime Numbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordon Chalmers

    2005-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

    A compression algorithm is presented that uses the set of prime numbers. Sequences of numbers are correlated with the prime numbers, and labeled with the integers. The algorithm can be iterated on data sets, generating factors of doubles on the compression.

  14. DataMover: robust terabyte-scale multi-file replication overwide-area networks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sim, Alex; Gu, Junmin; Shoshani, Arie; Natarajan, Vijaya

    2004-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Typically, large scientific datasets (order of terabytes) are generated at large computational centers, and stored on mass storage systems. However, large subsets of the data need to be moved to facilities available to application scientists for analysis. File replication of thousands of files is a tedious, error prone, but extremely important task in scientific applications. The automation of the file replication task requires automatic space acquisition and reuse, and monitoring the progress of staging thousands of files from the source mass storage system, transferring them over the network, archiving them at the target mass storage system or disk systems, and recovering from transient system failures. We have developed a robust replication system, called DataMover, which is now in regular use in High-Energy-Physics and Climate modeling experiments. Only a single command is necessary to request multi-file replication or the replication of an entire directory. A web-based tool was developed to dynamically monitor the progress of the multi-file replication process.

  15. Prime coats materials and methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mantilla, Christian Augusto

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A prime coat is the application of a suitable bituminous binder applied to a nonbituminous granular base as a preliminary treatment before the application of a bituminous surfacing. The purpose of this research is to establish practical applications...

  16. Carburetor priming system for internal combustion engines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Everts, R.G.

    1986-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    A carburetor priming system is described for an internal combustion engine, the engine including: a fuel tank, a carburetor having an air inlet, a fuel-air mixing throat, and an air-fuel mixture outlet communicating with the combustion chambers of the engine, the priming system comprising, in combination: (a) a hollow housing having air inlet openings in the walls thereof, shaped and dimensioned to cover the air inlet of the carburetor; (b) an air-permeable wick retained in the housing; (c) priming fuel pump means, including (i) a depressable hollow resilient priming bulb, (ii) a priming fuel supply conduit extending between the fuel tank and the interior of the priming bulb, (iii) a priming fuel discharge conduit extending between the interior of the priming bulb and the wick, (iv) a normally closed first check valve in the priming fuel supply conduit which opens to permit fuel to flow into the priming bulb and which closes when the priming bulb is depressed, (v) a normally closed second check valve disposed in the priming fuel discharge conduit, the second check valve being mechanically actuated by external pressure on the priming bulb, to open when the priming bulb is depressed.

  17. A prime fractal and global quasi-self-similar structure in the distribution of prime-indexed primes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert G. Batchko

    2014-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Let p(n) be the nth prime and p(p(n)) be the nth prime-indexed prime (PIP). The process of taking prime-indexed subsequences of primes can be iterated, and the number of such iterations is the prime-index order. We report empirical evidence that the set composed of finite-differenced PIP sequences of prime-index order k >= 1 forms a quasi-self-similar fractal structure with scaling by prime-index order. Strong positive linear correlation (r >= 0.926) is observed for all pairwise combinations of these finite-differenced PIP sequences over the range of our sample, the first 1.3 billion primes. The structure exhibits translation invariance for shifts in the index set of the PIP sequences. Other free parameters of the structure include prime-index order and the order and spacing of the finite difference operator. The structure is graphed using 8-bit color fractal plots, scaled across prime-index orders k = 1..6 and spans the first 1.3 billion primes.

  18. 2,2 prime :4,4 double prime :4 prime ,4 prime double prime -quarterpyridyl: A building block for the preparation of novel redox reagents. 1. Preparation and quaternization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morgan, R.J.; Baker, A.D. (City Univ. of New York, Flushing (United States))

    1990-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    An efficient preparation of 2,2{prime}:4,4{double prime}:4{prime},4{prime}{double prime}-quaterpyridyl (qpy) from 4,4{prime}-bipyridine is described, using palladium on charcoal. Conditions are described for the selective methylation of the nitrogen atoms present. This has allowed the preparation of mono- and dimethylquaternary salts that retain an {alpha}-diimine site for complexation to a metal. These quaternary salts can be used to prepare complexes in which metal ions are coordinated to viologen-type ligands. Electrochemical and spectroscopic measurements of the diquaternary salt derived from qpy suggest that it behaves as two separate or weakly interacting monoquat moieties.

  19. Degradation of 4,4{prime}-Dichlorobiphenyl, 3,3{prime}, 4,4{prime}-Tetrachlorobiphenyl, and 2,2{prime},4,4{prime},5,5{prime}-Hexachlorobiphenyl by the white rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dietrich, D.; Lamar, R. [Dept. of Agriculture, Madison, WI (United States); Hickey, W.J. [Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States)

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The white rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium has demonstrated abilities to degrade many xenobiotic chemicals. In this study, the degradation of three model polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners (4,4{prime}- dichlorobiphenyl [DCB], 3,3{prime},4,4{prime}-tetrachlorobiphenyl, and 2,2{prime},4,4{prime},5,5{prime}-hexachlorobiphenyl) by P. chrysosporium in liquid culture was examined. After 28 days of incubation, {sup 14}C partitioning analysis indicated extensive degradation of DCB, including 11% mineralization. In contrast, there was negligible mineralization of the tetrachloro- or hexachlorobiphenyl and little evidence for any significant metabolism. With all of the model PCBs, a large fraction of the {sup 14}C was determined to be biomass bound. Results from a time course study done with 4,4{prime}-[{sup 14}C]DCB to examine {sup 14}C partitioning dynamics indicated that the biomass-bound {sup 14}C was likely attributable to nonspecific adsorption of the PCBs to the fungal hyphae. In a subsequent isotope trapping experiment, 4-chlorobenzoic acid and 4-chlorobenzyl alcohol were identified as metabolites produced from 4,4{prime}-[{sup 14}C]DCB. To the best of our knowledge, this the first report describing intermediates formed by P. chrysosporium during PCB degradation. Results from these experiments suggested similarities between P. chrysosporium and bacterial systems in terms of effects of congener chlorination degree and pattern on PCB metabolism and intermediates characteristic of the PCB degradation process. 23 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

  20. Nonbinary Codeword Stabilized Quantum Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie Chen; Bei Zeng; Isaac L. Chuang

    2008-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The codeword stabilized (CWS) quantum codes formalism presents a unifying approach to both additive and nonadditive quantum error-correcting codes (arXiv:0708.1021 [quant-ph]), but only for binary states. Here we generalize the CWS framework to the nonbinary case (of both prime and nonprime dimension) and map the search for nonbinary quantum codes to a corresponding search problem for classical nonbinary codes with specific error patterns. We show that while the additivity properties of nonbinary CWS codes are similar to the binary case, the structural properties of the nonbinary codes differ substantially from the binary case, even for prime dimensions. In particular, we identify specific structure patterns of stabilizer groups, based on which efficient constructions might be possible for codes that encode more dimensions than any stabilizer codes of the same length and distance; similar methods cannot be applied in the binary case. Understanding of these structural properties can help prune the search space and facilitate the identification of good nonbinary CWS codes.

  1. Prime number generation and factor elimination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vineet Kumar

    2014-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We have presented a multivariate polynomial function termed as factor elimination function,by which, we can generate prime numbers. This function's mapping behavior can explain the irregularities in the occurrence of prime numbers on the number line. Generally the different categories of prime numbers found till date, satisfy the form of this function. We present some absolute and probabilistic conditions for the primality of the number generated by this method. This function is capable of leading to highly efficient algorithms for generating prime numbers.

  2. A note on asymptotic prime sequences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katz, Daniel L.

    1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    form an asymptotic prime sequence over 7, we say that xx.xk form a maximal asymptotic prime sequence over 7 if M G A*(7, xx,... ,xk). 1.8 Lemma. Let I E R be an ideal. Let xx_,xk form an asymptotic prime sequence over I. Then for every minimal prime z... (and therefore satisfies the altitude formula). Theorem 3 in [4] implies that a((I,xx,_xk)T) = dim T. Since the images of xx.xk in Fform an asymptotic prime sequence over IT(by 1.8), 1.6 implies that a(IT) — dim T — k. Beginning with yx, 1.6 applied k...

  3. Hybrid vehicle powertrain system with power take-off driven vehicle accessory

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Beaty, Kevin D.; Bockelmann, Thomas R.; Zou, Zhanijang; Hope, Mark E.; Kang, Xiaosong; Carpenter, Jeffrey L.

    2006-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

    A hybrid vehicle powertrain system includes a first prime mover, a first prime mover driven power transmission mechanism having a power take-off adapted to drive a vehicle accessory, and a second prime mover. The second prime mover is operable to drive the power transmission mechanism alone or in combination with the first prime mover to provide power to the power take-off through the power transmission mechanism. The invention further includes methods for operating a hybrid vehicle powertrain system.

  4. Programs: Operating as a Prime Contractor | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Operating as a Prime Contractor Better Buildings Residential Network Program Sustainability Peer Exchange Call: Operating as a Prime Contractor, Call Slides and Discussion...

  5. Study of in-medium $?^\\prime$ properties in the ($?$, ${?^\\prime}p$) reaction on nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Ya. Paryev

    2015-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the near-threshold photoproduction of $\\eta^\\prime$ mesons from nuclei in coincidence with forward going protons in the kinematical conditions of the Crystal Barrel/TAPS experiment, recently performed at ELSA. The calculations have been performed within a collision model based on the nuclear spectral function. The model accounts for both the primary ${\\gamma}p \\to {\\eta^\\prime}p$ process and the two-step intermediate nucleon rescattering processes as well as the effect of the nuclear $\\eta^\\prime$ mean-field potential. We calculate the exclusive $\\eta^\\prime$ kinetic energy distributions for the $^{12}$C($\\gamma$, ${\\eta^\\prime}p$) reaction for different scenarios of $\\eta^\\prime$ in-medium modification. We find that the considered two-step rescattering mechanism plays an insignificant role in ${\\eta^\\prime}p$ photoproduction off the carbon target. We also demonstrate that the calculated $\\eta^\\prime$ kinetic energy distributions in primary photon--proton ${\\eta^\\prime}p$ production reveal strong sensitivity to the depth of the real ${\\eta^\\prime}$ potential at normal nuclear matter density (or to the ${\\eta^\\prime}$ in-medium mass shift) in the studied incident photon energy regime. Therefore, such observables may be useful to help determine the above ${\\eta^\\prime}$ in-medium renormalization from the comparison of the results of our calculations with the data from the CBELSA/TAPS experiment. In addition, we show that these distributions are also strongly influenced by the momentum-dependent optical potential, which the outgoing participant proton feels inside the carbon nucleus. This potential should be taken into account in the analysis of these data with the aim to obtain information on the ${\\eta^\\prime}$ modification in cold nuclear matter.

  6. Code Description Code Description

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leave* 5127 Officials 5217 Faculty Sick Leave Payment 5124 Personal Service Contracts 5211 Research Services Contracts Scholarships & Fellowships Faculty Fringe Contract Services #12;Banner Account Code

  7. Walton EMC- Prime PowerLoan Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Walton Electric Membership Corporation (EMC) is an electric cooperative that serves 100,000 customers in ten northeastern Georgia counties. Walton EMC offers the Prime PowerLoan program for both...

  8. 2,2[prime]:4,4[double prime]:4[prime],4[prime][double prime]-quaterpyridyl: A building block for the preparation of novel redox reagents. 2. Bis(2,2[prime]-bipyridine)ruthenium(II) complexes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bierig, K.; Morgan, R.J.; Tysoe, S.; Gafney, H.D.; Strekas, T.C.; Baker, A.D. (City Univ. of New York, Flushing (United States))

    1991-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The syntheses and properties of three new ruthenium(II) complexes based on the ligand 2,2[prime]:4,4[double prime]:4[prime],4[prime][double prime]-quaterpyridyl (qpy) are reported. Each new complex is of the type [Ru(bpy)[sub 2]L][sup n+], where L is the parent qpy ligand or is qpy derivatized by the methylation of one or both of the non-[alpha]-diimine nitrogen atoms and n = 2, 3, or 4. The photophysical and electrochemical properties of the new complex ions are reported. The parent ion [Ru(bpy)[sub 2]qpy][sup 2+] is strongly luminescent and has a relatively long lifetime, e.g. in excess of 1400 ns in acetonitrile solution. In contrast, the lifetime of the dimethyl derivative [Ru(bpy)[sub 2](qpyme[sub 2])][sup 4+] is less than 100 ns. This dimethylated complex has some novel properties. The excited state produced by M-L excitation to the qpyme[sub 2][sup 2+] ligand can be considered in terms of a Ru(III) core and a positively charged ligand. Typically, the excited states of other ruthenium(II) diimine complexes have had neutral or negatively charged ligands. Further, in structural terms, the complex can be considered as an intramolecular assembly of a ruthenium(II) diimine site and a viologen site. Cyclic voltammetry indicates that the first two electrons added to the complex enter the viologen-like acceptor site constituted by the qpyme[sub 2][sup 2+] ligand.

  9. Prime Solar Pty Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal PwerPerkins County, Nebraska:Precourt Institute for EnergyWister AreaPrime GLP Inc Jump to:Prime

  10. Distribution of Primes and of Interval Prime Pairs Based on $?$ Function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yifang Fan; Zhiyu Li

    2010-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

    $\\Theta$ function is defined based upon Kronecher symbol. In light of the principle of inclusion-exclusion, $\\Theta$ function of sine function is used to denote the distribution of composites and primes. The structure of Goldbach Conjecture has been analyzed, and $\\Xi$ function is brought forward by the linear diophantine equation; by relating to $\\Theta$ function, the interval distribution of composite pairs and prime pairs (i.e. the Goldbach Conjecture) is thus obtained. In the end, Abel's Theorem (Multiplication of Series) is used to discuss the lower limit of the distribution of the interval prime pairs.

  11. Spinal codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perry, Jonathan, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Spinal codes are a new class of rateless codes that enable wireless networks to cope with time-varying channel conditions in a natural way, without requiring any explicit bit rate selection. The key idea in the code is the ...

  12. DEPARTMENT OF FACILITIES MANAGEMENT PRIME CONSULTANT'S AGREEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    deYoung, Brad

    for the construction and completion of the Project, or the approved Construction Cost Budget, whichever cost identified Consultant's Agreement (October 2013 Rev 2.2).doc PRIME CONSULTANT'S AGREEMENT INDEX 1. DEFINITIONS 2. PROJECT DESIGN STAFF 6. PROJECT MANAGEMENT/CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT 7. REIMBURSABLE EXPENSES 8. FEES 9

  13. DOE-BATTELLE PRIME CONTRACT MANAGEMENT & OPERATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DOE-BATTELLE PRIME CONTRACT FOR THE MANAGEMENT & OPERATIONS OF PACIFIC NORTHWEST NATIONAL Stewardship C ­ 3.1.4 Operational and Financial Management Excellence C ­ 3.1.5 Program and Project Management;Section Clause Title H ­ 13 Care of Laboratory Animals H ­ 14 RESERVED H ­ 15 Privacy Act Records H ­ 16

  14. It’s like priming: An Investigation into the Priming and Audience effects for the Discourse Marker like. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLeod, Andrew

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Research into priming has shown that it is possible to prime both words and syntactic structure in speech. Similarly, investigations into audience design and alignment have shown that language use and speech in general ...

  15. About the logic of the prime number distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harry K. Hahn

    2008-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

    There are two basic number sequences which play a major role in the prime number distribution. The first Number Sequence SQ1 contains all prime numbers of the form 6n+5 and the second Number Sequence SQ2 contains all prime numbers of the form 6n+1. All existing prime numbers seem to be contained in these two number sequences, except of the prime numbers 2 and 3. Riemanns Zeta Function also seems to indicate, that there is a logical connection between the mentioned number sequences and the distribution of prime numbers. This connection is indicated by lines in the diagram of the Zeta Function, which are formed by the points s where the Zeta Function is real. Another key role in the distribution of the prime numbers plays the number 5 and its periodic occurrence in the two number sequences SQ1 and SQ2. All non-prime numbers in SQ1 and SQ2 are caused by recurrences of these two number sequences with increasing wave-lengths in themselves, in a similar fashion as Overtones (harmonics) or Undertones derive from a fundamental frequency. On the contrary prime numbers represent spots in these two basic Number Sequences SQ1 and SQ2 where there is no interference caused by these recurring number sequences. The distribution of the non-prime numbers and prime numbers can be described in a graphical way with a -Wave Model- (or Interference Model) -- see Table 2.

  16. On Subsystem Codes Beating the Hamming or Singleton Bound

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andreas Klappenecker; Pradeep Kiran Sarvepalli

    2007-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Subsystem codes are a generalization of noiseless subsystems, decoherence free subspaces, and quantum error-correcting codes. We prove a Singleton bound for GF(q)-linear subsystem codes. It follows that no subsystem code over a prime field can beat the Singleton bound. On the other hand, we show the remarkable fact that there exist impure subsystem codes beating the Hamming bound. A number of open problems concern the comparison in performance of stabilizer and subsystem codes. One of the open problems suggested by Poulin's work asks whether a subsystem code can use fewer syndrome measurements than an optimal MDS stabilizer code while encoding the same number of qudits and having the same distance. We prove that linear subsystem codes cannot offer such an improvement under complete decoding.

  17. Stoller Prime Contract Modifications | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Site EnvironmentalEnergySafelyVirtualStephanie Price Stephanie PriceStoller Prime Contract

  18. Prime GLP Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal PwerPerkins County, Nebraska:Precourt Institute for EnergyWister AreaPrime GLP Inc Jump to:

  19. Prime Solar Senergy SL | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal PwerPerkins County, Nebraska:Precourt Institute for EnergyWister AreaPrime GLP Inc Jump

  20. Prime Supplier Report - Energy Information Administration

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001) - HouseholdshortEIA-782A andS F J9 April18,26,Prime

  1. Code constructions and code families for nonbinary quantum stabilizer code

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ketkar, Avanti Ulhas

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Stabilizer codes form a special class of quantum error correcting codes. Nonbinary quantum stabilizer codes are studied in this thesis. A lot of work on binary quantum stabilizer codes has been done. Nonbinary stabilizer codes have received much...

  2. Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by Grade, Formulation, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

  3. Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Petroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by Grade, Formulation, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

  4. Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Petroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by Grade, Formulation, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

  5. Infinitely many pairs of primes $p$ and $p+2$

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guangchang Dong

    2015-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    When $p$ and $p+2$ are primes, such as $3,5; 5,7; 11,13; 17,19; ...$. We call them pairs of prime twins. In this paper we use sieve method (Liu sieve) to construct the weak solution (i.e. formal solution) of prime twins. Then we use auxiliary special 4 sieve problem and its biological model to prove that weak equals classical, i.e. the weak solution is a classical one, hence the numbers of prime twins are infinite.

  6. Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Marketing Annual 1999 Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Residual Fuel Oil by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

  7. Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    See footnotes at end of table. 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Residual Fuel Oil by PAD District and State 386 Energy Information...

  8. Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Marketing Annual 1995 Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Residual Fuel Oil by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

  9. Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Marketing Annual 1998 Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Residual Fuel Oil by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

  10. Table 50. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Distillate Fuel Oils...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Marketing Annual 1998 359 Table 50. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Distillate Fuel Oils and Kerosene by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued...

  11. Table 50. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Distillate Fuel Oils...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Marketing Annual 1999 359 Table 50. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Distillate Fuel Oils and Kerosene by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued...

  12. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Distillate Fuel Oils and Kerosene...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Marketing Annual 1996 401 Table 50. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Distillate Fuel Oils and Kerosene by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued...

  13. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Distillate Fuel Oils and Kerosene...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Marketing Annual 1997 401 Table 50. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Distillate Fuel Oils and Kerosene by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued...

  14. Holographic codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Latorre, Jose I

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There exists a remarkable four-qutrit state that carries absolute maximal entanglement in all its partitions. Employing this state, we construct a tensor network that delivers a holographic many body state, the H-code, where the physical properties of the boundary determine those of the bulk. This H-code is made of an even superposition of states whose relative Hamming distances are exponentially large with the size of the boundary. This property makes H-codes natural states for a quantum memory. H-codes exist on tori of definite sizes and get classified in three different sectors characterized by the sum of their qutrits on cycles wrapped through the boundaries of the system. We construct a parent Hamiltonian for the H-code which is highly non local and finally we compute the topological entanglement entropy of the H-code.

  15. Holographic codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jose I. Latorre; German Sierra

    2015-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

    There exists a remarkable four-qutrit state that carries absolute maximal entanglement in all its partitions. Employing this state, we construct a tensor network that delivers a holographic many body state, the H-code, where the physical properties of the boundary determine those of the bulk. This H-code is made of an even superposition of states whose relative Hamming distances are exponentially large with the size of the boundary. This property makes H-codes natural states for a quantum memory. H-codes exist on tori of definite sizes and get classified in three different sectors characterized by the sum of their qutrits on cycles wrapped through the boundaries of the system. We construct a parent Hamiltonian for the H-code which is highly non local and finally we compute the topological entanglement entropy of the H-code.

  16. Summary of ground water and surface water flow and contaminant transport computer codes used at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). [Contaminant transport computer codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bandy, P.J.; Hall, L.F.

    1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents information on computer codes for numerical and analytical models that have been used at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) to model ground water and surface water flow and contaminant transport. Organizations conducting modeling at the INEL include: EG G Idaho, Inc., US Geological Survey, and Westinghouse Idaho Nuclear Company. Information concerning computer codes included in this report are: agency responsible for the modeling effort, name of the computer code, proprietor of the code (copyright holder or original author), validation and verification studies, applications of the model at INEL, the prime user of the model, computer code description, computing environment requirements, and documentation and references for the computer code.

  17. Molecular Cell Interaction of a DNA Zip Code with the Nuclear

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brickner, Jason

    Molecular Cell Article Interaction of a DNA Zip Code with the Nuclear Pore Complex Promotes H2A codes'' in the promoters of yeast genes confer interaction with the NPC and localization at the nuclear, they remain at the nuclear periphery for several generations, primed for reactivation. Tran- scriptional

  18. ``Softdecision'' Decoding of Chinese Remainder Codes Venkatesan Guruswami Amit Sahai y Madhu Sudan z

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guruswami, Venkatesan

    Madhu Sudan #3; z Abstract Given n relatively prime integers p 1 Code were given recently by Goldreich, Ron, and Sudan [5], and improved by Boneh [1]. Their algorithms gave a decoding algorithm for this code, correcting n k 2 errors. 1 Recently, Goldreich, Ron, and Sudan

  19. High Performance “Reach” Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edelson, J.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Jim Edelson New Buildings Institute A Growing Role for Codes and Stretch Codes in Utility Programs Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency November 9, 2011 ESL-KT-11-11-39 CATEE 2011, Dallas, Texas, Nov. 7 ? 9, 2011 New Buildings Institute ESL..., Nov. 7 ? 9, 2011 ?31? Flavors of Codes ? Building Codes Construction Codes Energy Codes Stretch or Reach Energy Codes Above-code programs Green or Sustainability Codes Model Codes ?Existing Building? Codes Outcome-Based Codes ESL-KT-11...

  20. CURRICULUM CODE: 611 & 613 MINOR CODE 061 DEGREE CODE: 31

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Weigang

    CURRICULUM CODE: 611 & 613 MINOR CODE 061 DEGREE CODE: 31 DAAF 12/09 Hunter College of the City Stamp THIS AUDIT IS NOT OFFICIAL UNTIL APPROVED BY THE OFFICE OF THE REGISTRAR DEGREE AUDIT UNIT Student Specialization Section #12;CURRICULUM CODE: 611 & 613 MINOR CODE 061 DEGREE CODE: 31 DAAF 12/09 *****A SEPARATE

  1. CURRICULUM CODE_611 & 613 MINOR CODE 062 DEGREE CODE _31_

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Weigang

    CURRICULUM CODE_611 & 613 MINOR CODE 062 DEGREE CODE _31_ 1/24/2006 Hunter College of the City-mail address Department Stamp THIS AUDIT IS NOT OFFICIAL UNTIL APPROVED BY THE OFFICE OF THE REGISTRAR, DEGREE Section Only For January 2010 Graduate #12;CURRICULUM CODE_611 & 613 MINOR CODE 062 DEGREE CODE _31_ 1

  2. Hybrid powertrain system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hughes, Douglas A.

    2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A powertrain system is provided that includes a first prime mover and change-gear transmission having a first input shaft and a second input shaft. A twin clutch is disposed between the first prime mover and the transmission. The twin clutch includes a first main clutch positioned between the first prime mover and the first input shaft and a second main clutch positioned between the first prime mover and the second input shaft. The powertrain system also includes a second prime mover operably connected to one of the first and second input shafts.

  3. Hybrid powertrain system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hughes, Douglas A. (Wixom, MI)

    2007-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A powertrain system is provided that includes a first prime mover and change-gear transmission having a first input shaft and a second input shaft. A twin clutch is disposed between the first prime mover and the transmission. The twin clutch includes a first main clutch positioned between the first prime mover and the first input shaft and a second main clutch positioned between the first prime mover and the second input shaft. The powertrain system also includes a second prime mover operably connected to one of the first and second input shafts.

  4. Speech coding

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ravishankar, C., Hughes Network Systems, Germantown, MD

    1998-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Speech is the predominant means of communication between human beings and since the invention of the telephone by Alexander Graham Bell in 1876, speech services have remained to be the core service in almost all telecommunication systems. Original analog methods of telephony had the disadvantage of speech signal getting corrupted by noise, cross-talk and distortion Long haul transmissions which use repeaters to compensate for the loss in signal strength on transmission links also increase the associated noise and distortion. On the other hand digital transmission is relatively immune to noise, cross-talk and distortion primarily because of the capability to faithfully regenerate digital signal at each repeater purely based on a binary decision. Hence end-to-end performance of the digital link essentially becomes independent of the length and operating frequency bands of the link Hence from a transmission point of view digital transmission has been the preferred approach due to its higher immunity to noise. The need to carry digital speech became extremely important from a service provision point of view as well. Modem requirements have introduced the need for robust, flexible and secure services that can carry a multitude of signal types (such as voice, data and video) without a fundamental change in infrastructure. Such a requirement could not have been easily met without the advent of digital transmission systems, thereby requiring speech to be coded digitally. The term Speech Coding is often referred to techniques that represent or code speech signals either directly as a waveform or as a set of parameters by analyzing the speech signal. In either case, the codes are transmitted to the distant end where speech is reconstructed or synthesized using the received set of codes. A more generic term that is applicable to these techniques that is often interchangeably used with speech coding is the term voice coding. This term is more generic in the sense that the coding techniques are equally applicable to any voice signal whether or not it carries any intelligible information, as the term speech implies. Other terms that are commonly used are speech compression and voice compression since the fundamental idea behind speech coding is to reduce (compress) the transmission rate (or equivalently the bandwidth) And/or reduce storage requirements In this document the terms speech and voice shall be used interchangeably.

  5. Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    - - 466.1 466.1 See footnotes at end of table. 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by Grade, Formulation, PAD District, and State 356 Energy Information...

  6. Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    - - 532.1 532.1 See footnotes at end of table. 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by Grade, Formulation, PAD District, and State 356 Energy Information...

  7. PRO-` GALOIS THEORY OF ZARISKI PRIME DIVISORS Florian Pop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pop, Florian

    ; ` is a #12;xed rational prime number. #15; Kjk are unction #12;elds with k algebraically closed of characteristic 6= `. #15; K(`)jK is the maximal pro-` Galois extension of K in some separable closure of K

  8. Table 50. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Distillate Fuel Oils...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    50. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Distillate Fuel Oils and Kerosene by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) Geographic Area Month Kerosene No. 1 Distillate No. 2...

  9. Centrality dependence of $?\\prime$ over $J/?$ : a signal of QGP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. K. Chaudhuri

    2003-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

    If nuclear collisions lead to QGP formation then the ratio of $\\psi\\prime$ over $J/\\psi$ will remain constant with $E_T$ as both $J/\\psi$ and $\\psi\\prime$ are melted in the QGP. On the other hand, if hot hadronic matter is produced, the ratio will continually fall with $E_T$, as $\\psi\\prime$'s are more suppressed in hadronic matter than the $J/\\psi$'s. From the existing NA50 Pb+Pb data, we have constructed the ratio $\\sigma(\\psi\\prime)/\\sigma(J/\\psi)$, as a function of $E_T$. The ratio give indication of QGP formation, but definite conclusion can not be reached. We have also given the prediction for the ratio at RHIC energy. If QGP is formed at RHIC, it could be detected from the ratio.

  10. Another weird prime - Department of Mathematics, Purdue University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Oct 31, 2008 ... 1. Introduction. Denote by g(p) the least primitive root of a prime p and by h(p) the least .... Next is Mr. Mariusz Kwas, a student of the Warsaw.

  11. The recursive structure of the distribution of primes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carolin Zöbelein

    2014-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work I look at the distribution of primes by calculation of an infinite number of intersections. For this I use the set of all numbers which are not elements of a certain times table in each case. I am able to show that it exists a recursive relationship between primes of different ranges and so to describe some inner structure of this special set of numbers.

  12. Air Movers of the Eighties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, G.

    Expensive fan wrecks and down time occurs when couplings break or gearboxes self-destruct. A viable alternative eliminates shaft, coupling, and gearbox moving motor to ground level, driving a hydraulic pump transmitting fluid under pressure. A...

  13. Building Energy Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Bureau of Construction Codes is responsible for the administration of the State Construction Code Act (1972 PA 230), also known as the Uniform Construction Code.

  14. Generalized concatenated quantum codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grassl, Markus

    We discuss the concept of generalized concatenated quantum codes. This generalized concatenation method provides a systematical way for constructing good quantum codes, both stabilizer codes and nonadditive codes. Using ...

  15. PrimeStar Solar Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal PwerPerkins County, Nebraska:Precourt Institute for EnergyWister AreaPrime GLP Inc JumpPrimeStar

  16. Concatenated Conjugate Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitsuru Hamada

    2006-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A conjugate code pair is defined as a pair of linear codes either of which contains the dual of the other. A conjugate code pair represents the essential structure of the corresponding Calderbank-Shor-Steane (CSS) quantum code. It is known that conjugate code pairs are applicable to (quantum) cryptography. We give a construction method for efficiently decodable conjugate code pairs.

  17. CURRICULUM CODE 308 DEGREE CODE _40

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Weigang

    CURRICULUM CODE 308 DEGREE CODE _40 Hunter College of the City University of New York - Office Print) E-mail address OES Stamp THIS AUDIT IS NOT OFFICIAL UNTIL APPROVED BY THE OFFICE OF THE REGISTRAR Specialization Section #12;CURRICULUM CODE_308_ DEGREE CODE _40__ Course Prefix & Number Course Title Credits

  18. Universal Characteristics of Fractal Fluctuations in Prime Number Distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. M. Selvam

    2008-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The frequency of occurrence of prime numbers at unit number spacing intervals exhibits selfsimilar fractal fluctuations concomitant with inverse power law form for power spectrum generic to dynamical systems in nature such as fluid flows, stock market fluctuations, population dynamics, etc. The physics of long-range correlations exhibited by fractals is not yet identified. A recently developed general systems theory visualises the eddy continuum underlying fractals to result from the growth of large eddies as the integrated mean of enclosed small scale eddies, thereby generating a hierarchy of eddy circulations, or an inter-connected network with associated long-range correlations. The model predictions are as follows: (i) The probability distribution and power spectrum of fractals follow the same inverse power law which is a function of the golden mean. The predicted inverse power law distribution is very close to the statistical normal distribution for fluctuations within two standard deviations from the mean of the distribution. (ii) Fractals signify quantumlike chaos since variance spectrum represents probability density distribution, a characteristic of quantum systems such as electron or photon. (ii) Fractal fluctuations of frequency distribution of prime numbers signify spontaneous organisation of underlying continuum number field into the ordered pattern of the quasiperiodic Penrose tiling pattern. The model predictions are in agreement with the probability distributions and power spectra for different sets of frequency of occurrence of prime numbers at unit number interval for successive 1000 numbers. Prime numbers in the first 10 million numbers were used for the study.

  19. GALOIS EXTENSIONS RAMIFIED AT ONE PRIME Jing Long Hoelscher

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    his time and energy on supervising me with my work. He greatly assisted me with my writing class field towers with one finite prime ram- ified. Over real quadratic fields Q( d), results about class field towers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 2.4 Extensions over quadratic

  20. V-014: Cisco Prime Data Center Network Manager JBoss RMI Services...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    device. Commands are executed in the context of the System user for Cisco Prime DCNM running on Microsoft Windows or the root user for Cisco Prime DCNM running on Linux. Cisco...

  1. Primed Lettuce Seeds Exhibit Increased Sensitivity to Moisture during , Kent J. Bradford2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bradford, Kent

    (Bruggink et al., 1999). We are not aware of any lettuce priming protocol that can eliminate temperature and

  2. Homological stabilizer codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, Jonas T., E-mail: jonastyleranderson@gmail.com

    2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we define homological stabilizer codes on qubits which encompass codes such as Kitaev's toric code and the topological color codes. These codes are defined solely by the graphs they reside on. This feature allows us to use properties of topological graph theory to determine the graphs which are suitable as homological stabilizer codes. We then show that all toric codes are equivalent to homological stabilizer codes on 4-valent graphs. We show that the topological color codes and toric codes correspond to two distinct classes of graphs. We define the notion of label set equivalencies and show that under a small set of constraints the only homological stabilizer codes without local logical operators are equivalent to Kitaev's toric code or to the topological color codes. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We show that Kitaev's toric codes are equivalent to homological stabilizer codes on 4-valent graphs. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We show that toric codes and color codes correspond to homological stabilizer codes on distinct graphs. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We find and classify all 2D homological stabilizer codes. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We find optimal codes among the homological stabilizer codes.

  3. Half-Product Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emmadi, Santosh Kumar

    2014-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

    A class of codes, half-product codes, derived from product codes, is characterized. These codes have the implementation advantages of product codes and possess a special structural property which leads them to have larger (at least 3/2 times more...

  4. Three Theorems on modular sieves that suggest the Prime Difference is O(Number of primes p(n)^1/2))

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhupinder Singh Anand

    2005-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

    This 1964 paper developed as an off-shoot to the foundational query: Do we discover the natural numbers (Platonically), or do we construct them linguistically? The paper also assumes computational significance in the light of Agrawal, Kayal and Saxena's August 2000 paper, "PRIMES is in P", since both the TRIM and Compact Number Generating algorithms - each of which generates all the primes - are deterministic algorithms that run in polynomial time and suggest that the Prime Difference, d(n), is O(Number of primes p(n)^1/2)).

  5. List of codes Language abbreviation codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Portugal MT Malta GR Greece SE Sweden TR Turkey Country codes for the ERASMUS Institutional Identification codes A Austria IR L Ireland BG Bulgaria LV Latvia B Belgium IS Iceland CY Cyprus MT Malta D Germany L

  6. Generalized Concatenation for Quantum Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grassl, Markus

    We show how good quantum error-correcting codes can be constructed using generalized concatenation. The inner codes are quantum codes, the outer codes can be linear or nonlinear classical codes. Many new good codes are ...

  7. Summary of ground water and surface water flow and contaminant transport computer codes used at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). Version 1.0

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bandy, P.J.; Hall, L.F.

    1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents information on computer codes for numerical and analytical models that have been used at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) to model ground water and surface water flow and contaminant transport. Organizations conducting modeling at the INEL include: EG&G Idaho, Inc., US Geological Survey, and Westinghouse Idaho Nuclear Company. Information concerning computer codes included in this report are: agency responsible for the modeling effort, name of the computer code, proprietor of the code (copyright holder or original author), validation and verification studies, applications of the model at INEL, the prime user of the model, computer code description, computing environment requirements, and documentation and references for the computer code.

  8. Quantum convolutional stabilizer codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chinthamani, Neelima

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantum error correction codes were introduced as a means to protect quantum information from decoherance and operational errors. Based on their approach to error control, error correcting codes can be divided into two different classes: block codes...

  9. Guam- Building Energy Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    NOTE: In September 2012, The Guam Building Code Council adopted the draft [http://www.guamenergy.com/outreach-education/guam-tropical-energy-code/ Guam Tropical Energy Code]. It must be adopted by...

  10. Building Energy Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 2009 S.B. 1182 created the Oklahoma Uniform Building Code Commission. The 11-member Commission was given the power to conduct rulemaking processes to adopt new building codes. The codes adopted...

  11. On the representation of even numbers as the sum and difference of two primes and the representation of odd numbers as the sum of an odd prime and an even semiprime and the distribution of primes in short intervals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shan-Guang Tan

    2014-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The representation of even numbers as the sum of two primes and the distribution of primes in short intervals were investigated and a main theorem was given out and proved, which states: For every number $n$ greater than a positive number $n_{0}$, let $q$ be an odd prime number smaller than $\\sqrt{2n}$ and $d=2n-q$, then there is always at least an odd number $d$ which does not contain any prime factor smaller than $\\sqrt{2n}$ and must be an odd prime number greater than $2n-\\sqrt{2n}$. Then it was proved that for every number $n$ greater than 1, there are always at least a pair of primes $p$ and $q$ which are symmetrical about the number $n$ so that even numbers greater than 2 can be expressed as the sum of two primes. Hence, the Goldbach's conjecture was proved. Also theorems of the distribution of primes in short intervals were given out and proved. By these theorems, the Legendre's conjecture, the Oppermann's conjecture, the Hanssner's conjecture, the Brocard's conjecture, the Andrica's conjecture, the Sierpinski's conjecture and the Sierpinski's conjecture of triangular numbers were proved and the Mills' constant can be determined. The representation of odd numbers as the sum of an odd prime number and an even semiprime was investigated and a main theorem was given out and proved, which states: For every number $n$ greater than a positive number $n_{0}$, let $q$ be an odd prime number smaller than $\\sqrt{2n}$ and $d=2n+1-2q$, then there is always at least an odd number $d$ which does not contain any odd prime factor smaller than $\\sqrt{2n}$ and must be a prime number greater than $2n+1-2\\sqrt{2n}$. Then it was proved that for every number $n$ greater than 2, there are always at least a pair of primes $p$ and $q$ so that all odd integers greater than 5 can be represented as the sum of an odd prime number and an even semiprime. Hence, the Lemoine's conjecture was proved.

  12. Codeword Stabilized Quantum Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrew Cross; Graeme Smith; John A. Smolin; Bei Zeng

    2007-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a unifying approach to quantum error correcting code design that encompasses additive (stabilizer) codes, as well as all known examples of nonadditive codes with good parameters. We use this framework to generate new codes with superior parameters to any previously known. In particular, we find ((10,18,3)) and ((10,20,3)) codes. We also show how to construct encoding circuits for all codes within our framework.

  13. Generalized Concatenated Quantum Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Markus Grassl; Peter Shor; Graeme Smith; John Smolin; Bei Zeng

    2009-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce the concept of generalized concatenated quantum codes. This generalized concatenation method provides a systematical way for constructing good quantum codes, both stabilizer codes and nonadditive codes. Using this method, we construct families of new single-error-correcting nonadditive quantum codes, in both binary and nonbinary cases, which not only outperform any stabilizer codes for finite block length, but also asymptotically achieve the quantum Hamming bound for large block length.

  14. Encoding Subsystem Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pradeep Kiran Sarvepalli; Andreas Klappenecker

    2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we investigate the encoding of operator quantum error correcting codes i.e. subsystem codes. We show that encoding of subsystem codes can be reduced to encoding of a related stabilizer code making it possible to use all the known results on encoding of stabilizer codes. Along the way we also show how Clifford codes can be encoded. We also show that gauge qubits can be exploited to reduce the encoding complexity.

  15. Power spectrum of the fluctuation of Chebyshev's prime counting function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boon Leong Lan; Shaohen Yong

    2005-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The one-sided power spectrum of the fluctuation of Chebyshev's weighted prime counting function is numerically estimated based on samples of the fluctuating function of different sizes. The power spectrum is also estimated analytically for large frequency based on Riemann hypothesis and the exact formula for the fluctuating function in terms of all the non-trivial Riemann zeroes. Our analytical estimate is consistent with our numerical estimate of a 1/f^2 power spectrum.

  16. On optimal constacyclic codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giuliano G. La Guardia

    2013-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we investigate the class of constacyclic codes, which is a natural generalization of the class of cyclic and negacyclic codes. This class of codes is interesting in the sense that it contains codes with good or even optimal parameters. In this light, we propose constructions of families of classical block and convolutional maximum-distance-separable (MDS) constacyclic codes, as well as families of asymmetric quantum MDS codes derived from (classical-block) constacyclic codes. These results are mainly derived from the investigation of suitable properties on cyclotomic cosets of these corresponding codes.

  17. Building Energy Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The West Virginia State Fire Commission is responsible for adopting and promulgating statewide construction codes. These codes may be voluntarily adopted at the local level. Local jurisdictions...

  18. The distribution of prime numbers on the square root spiral

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harry K. Hahn; Robert Sachs

    2008-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Prime Numbers clearly accumulate on defined spiral graphs,which run through the Square Root Spiral. These spiral graphs can be assigned to different spiral-systems, in which all spiral-graphs have the same direction of rotation and the same -second difference- between the numbers, which lie on these spiral-graphs. A mathematical analysis shows, that these spiral graphs are caused exclusively by quadratic polynomials. For example the well known Euler Polynomial x2+x+41 appears on the Square Root Spiral in the form of three spiral-graphs, which are defined by three different quadratic polynomials. All natural numbers,divisible by a certain prime factor, also lie on defined spiral graphs on the Square Root Spiral (or Spiral of Theodorus, or Wurzelspirale). And the Square Numbers 4, 9, 16, 25, 36 even form a highly three-symmetrical system of three spiral graphs, which divides the square root spiral into three equal areas. Fibonacci number sequences also play a part in the structure of the Square Root Spiral. With the help of the Number-Spiral, described by Mr. Robert Sachs, a comparison can be drawn between the Square Root Spiral and the Ulam Spiral. The shown sections of his study of the number spiral contain diagrams, which are related to my analysis results, especially in regards to the distribution of prime numbers.

  19. TEM study of {beta} Prime precipitate interaction mechanisms with dislocations and {beta} Prime interfaces with the aluminium matrix in Al-Mg-Si alloys

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Teichmann, Katharina [Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim (Norway)] [Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim (Norway); Marioara, Calin D.; Andersen, Sigmund J. [SINTEF Materials and Chemistry, Trondheim (Norway)] [SINTEF Materials and Chemistry, Trondheim (Norway); Marthinsen, Knut, E-mail: knut.marthinsen@material.ntnu.no [Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim (Norway)] [Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim (Norway)

    2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The interaction mechanisms between dislocations and semi-coherent, needle-shaped {beta} Prime precipitates in Al-Mg-Si alloys have been studied by High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy (HRTEM). Dislocation loops appearing as broad contrast rings around the precipitate cross-sections were identified in the Al matrix. A size dependency of the interaction mechanism was observed; the precipitates were sheared when the longest dimension of their cross-section was shorter than approximately 15 nm, and looped otherwise. A more narrow ring located between the Al matrix and bulk {beta} Prime indicates the presence of a transition interface layer. Together with the bulk {beta} Prime structure, this was further investigated by High Angle Annular Dark Field Scanning TEM (HAADF-STEM). In the bulk {beta} Prime a higher intensity could be correlated with a third of the Si-columns, as predicted from the published structure. The transition layer incorporates Si columns in the same arrangement as in bulk {beta} Prime , although it is structurally distinct from it. The Z-contrast information and arrangement of these Si-columns demonstrate that they are an extension of the Si-network known to structurally connect all the precipitate phases in the Al-Mg-Si(-Cu) system. The width of the interface layer was estimated to about 1 nm. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer {beta} Prime is found to be looped at sizes larger than 15 nm (cross section diameter). Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer {beta} Prime is found to be sheared at sizes smaller than 15 nm (cross section diameter). Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The recently determined crystal structure of {beta} Prime is confirmed by HAADF-STEM. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Between {beta} Prime and the Al-matrix a transition layer of about 1 nm is existent. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The {beta} Prime /matrix layer is structurally distinct from bulk {beta} Prime and the aluminium matrix.

  20. Generalized Concatenation for Quantum Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Markus Grassl; Peter W. Shor; Bei Zeng

    2009-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We show how good quantum error-correcting codes can be constructed using generalized concatenation. The inner codes are quantum codes, the outer codes can be linear or nonlinear classical codes. Many new good codes are found, including both stabilizer codes as well as so-called nonadditive codes.

  1. Graph concatenation for quantum codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beigi, Salman

    Graphs are closely related to quantum error-correcting codes: every stabilizer code is locally equivalent to a graph code and every codeword stabilized code can be described by a graph and a classical code. For the ...

  2. 15 Squares mod p Fix a prime p.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramakrishnan, Dinakar

    15 Squares mod p Fix a prime p. Basic question: Given a, how can we determine if #b # Z such that a # b 2 (mod p)? Trivial case if p|a, take b # 0. So from now on take (a, p) = 1. p=3 p=5 p=7 x x 2 x x 2 x x 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 ­1 2 4 3 ­1 4 2 ­1=4 1 5 4 6 1 1 # d p 1, 4 as mod 5 1, 2, 4 as mod p 2

  3. 15 Squares mod p Fix a prime p.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramakrishnan, Dinakar

    15 Squares mod p Fix a prime p. Basic question: Given a, how can we determine if b Z such that a b2 (mod p)? Trivial case if p|a, take b 0. So from now on take (a, p) = 1. p=3 p=5 p=7 x x2 x x2 x x2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 -1 2 4 3 -1 4 2 -1=4 1 5 4 6 1 1 dp 1, 4 as mod 5 1, 2, 4 as mod p 2 2, 3 3

  4. Jinzhou Prime Solar PV Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou New Energy Co LtdJinzhou Huari SiliconJinzhou Prime

  5. CONCATENATED CODES BASED ON MULTIDIMENSIONAL PARITY-CHECK CODES AND TURBO CODES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Tan F.

    CONCATENATED CODES BASED ON MULTIDIMENSIONAL PARITY-CHECK CODES AND TURBO CODES John M. Shea, Florida Abstract--Turbo-codes provide communications near capac- ity when very large interleavers (and parity-check code can be used as an outer code with a turbo code as an inner code in a serial

  6. Vault Safety and Inventory System users manual, PRIME 2350. Revision 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Downey, N.J.

    1994-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This revision is issued to request review of the attached document: VSIS User Manual, PRIME 2350, which provides user information for the operation of the VSIS (Vault Safety and Inventory System). It describes operational aspects of Prime 2350 minicomputer and vault data acquisition equipment. It also describes the User`s Main Menu and menu functions, including REPORTS. Also, system procedures for the Prime 2350 minicomputer are covered.

  7. Distributed Generation Study/Patterson Farms CHP System Using...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    New York Site Description Agricultural Study Type Field Test Technology Internal Combustion Engine Prime Mover Caterpillar G379 Heat Recovery Systems Built-in Fuel Biogas...

  8. Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Installation Market to be Driven...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and others. These technologies are called prime movers and mainly consume fuels such as oil, biomass, coal, and natural gas for generating electricity. Based on fuel type, this...

  9. FOIA Requests received by DOE Headquarters (HQ) since December...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    transferred to the Oak Ridge Office on 1122009 FOIA-2009-000009 Information related to alternative energy sources used for power consumption by prime movers and electric motors...

  10. Funding Opportunity: Geothermal Technologies Program Seeks Technologie...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Geothermal Technologies Program seeks non-prime mover technologies that have the potential to contribute to reducing the levelized cost of electricity from new hydrothermal...

  11. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Pub

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    import, and export trends for petroleum and other liquids, natural gas, and coal Electricity generation, discussing trends in electricity generation by fuel and prime mover for...

  12. Assessing Vehicle Electricity Demand Impacts on California Electricity Supply

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarthy, Ryan W.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    competition between gas turbines and compressed air energyby fuel type, prime mover (gas turbine versus steam turbine,cycle NGCT Natural gas combustion turbine NGST Natural gas

  13. Combined Heat & Power Technology Overview and Federal Sector...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    electricity) from a single fuelenergy source Defining Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Steam Electricity Fuel Prime Mover & Generator Heat Recovery Steam Boiler Conventional CHP...

  14. DOE Technical Assistance Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    * Two types of steam turbines: condensing and backpressure Lower pressure applications Steam Turbine 23 | Is CHP Right For You? eere.energy.gov CHP Prime Movers (Power Generation...

  15. The distribution of the non-prime numbers - A new Sieve

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fabio Giraldo-Franco; Phil Dyke

    2011-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a new sieve that allows us to find the prime numbers by using only regular patterns and, more importantly, avoiding any duplication of elements between them.

  16. Prime Number-Based Hierarchical Data Labeling Scheme for Relational Databases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morozov, Serhiy

    2007-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

    reusable prime number labeling (rPNL) that reduces the effects of the mentioned weaknesses. The proposed scheme advantage is discussed in detail, proven mathematically, and experimentally confirmed....

  17. Detection and discrimination of the periodicity of prime numbers by discrete Fourier transform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levente Csoka

    2015-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

    A novel representation of a quasi-periodic modified von Mangoldt function L(n) on prime numbers and its decomposition into Fourier series has been investigated. We focus on some particular quantities characterizing the modified von Mangoldt function. The results indicate that prime number progression can be decomposed into periodic sequences. The main approach is to decompose it into sin or cosine function. Basically, it is applied to extract hidden periodicities in seemingly quasi periodic prime function. Numerical evidences were provided to confirm the periodic distribution of primes.

  18. Joint Source-Channel Coding via Turbo Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alajaji, Fady

    Joint Source-Channel Coding via Turbo Codes by Guang-Chong Zhu A dissertation submitted coding. One of the most exciting break- throughs in channel coding is the invention of Turbo codes, whose- tigate three joint source-channel coding issues in the context of Turbo codes. In the #12;rst part

  19. Unfolding the color code

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aleksander Kubica; Beni Yoshida; Fernando Pastawski

    2015-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The topological color code and the toric code are two leading candidates for realizing fault-tolerant quantum computation. Here we show that the color code on a $d$-dimensional closed manifold is equivalent to multiple decoupled copies of the $d$-dimensional toric code up to local unitary transformations and adding or removing ancilla qubits. Our result not only generalizes the proven equivalence for $d=2$, but also provides an explicit recipe of how to decouple independent components of the color code, highlighting the importance of colorability in the construction of the code. Moreover, for the $d$-dimensional color code with $d+1$ boundaries of $d+1$ distinct colors, we find that the code is equivalent to multiple copies of the $d$-dimensional toric code which are attached along a $(d-1)$-dimensional boundary. In particular, for $d=2$, we show that the (triangular) color code with boundaries is equivalent to the (folded) toric code with boundaries. We also find that the $d$-dimensional toric code admits logical non-Pauli gates from the $d$-th level of the Clifford hierarchy, and thus saturates the bound by Bravyi and K\\"{o}nig. In particular, we show that the $d$-qubit control-$Z$ logical gate can be fault-tolerantly implemented on the stack of $d$ copies of the toric code by a local unitary transformation.

  20. List decoding of subspace codes and rank-metric codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahdavifar, Hessam

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2.2.2 Koetter-Kschischang Codes . . . . . . . . . . . .of Subspace Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3.1 OverviewList-decodable Codes of Arbitrary Dimension . . . . . . .

  1. Building Energy Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    ''Much of the information presented in this summary is drawn from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program and the Building Codes Assistance Project (BCAP). For more...

  2. Model Building Energy Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    ''Much of the information presented in this summary is drawn from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program and the Building Codes Assistance Project (BCAP). For more...

  3. Compiling Codes on Euclid

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Compiling Codes Compiling Codes Overview Open Mpi is the the only MPI library available on Euclid. This implementation of MPI-2 is described at Open MPI: Open Source High...

  4. Coding AuthentiCity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mercier, Rachel Havens

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis analyzes the impact of form-based codes, focusing on two research questions: (1) What is the underlying motivation for adopting a form-based code? (2) What motivations have the most significant impact on ...

  5. Introduction to Algebraic Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for health care. These self-correcting codes that occur in nature might be better than all of. our coding theory based on algebra or algebraic geometry. It is a myth

  6. Building Energy Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Note: Much of the information presented in this summary is drawn from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program and the Building Codes Assistance Project (BCAP). For more...

  7. Building Energy Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    ''Note: Much of the information presented in this summary is drawn from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program and the Building Codes Assistance Project (BCAP). For...

  8. Cellulases and coding sequences

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Li, Xin-Liang (Athens, GA); Ljungdahl, Lars G. (Athens, GA); Chen, Huizhong (Lawrenceville, GA)

    2001-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention provides three fungal cellulases, their coding sequences, recombinant DNA molecules comprising the cellulase coding sequences, recombinant host cells and methods for producing same. The present cellulases are from Orpinomyces PC-2.

  9. Building Energy Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The New Jersey Uniform Construction Code Act provides that model codes and standards publications shall not be adopted more frequently than once every three years. However, a revision or amendment...

  10. Building Energy Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    All residential and commercial structures are required to comply with the state’s energy code. The 2009 New Mexico Energy Conservation Code (NMECC), effective June 2013, is based on 2009...

  11. Building Energy Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Prior to 1997, South Carolina's local governments adopted and enforced the building codes. In 1997, the law required statewide use of the most up-to-date building codes, which then required the...

  12. Coding for Cooperative Communications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uppal, Momin Ayub

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    of SWCNSQ based CF relaying as a performance benchmark, we will present a practical code design using low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes for error protection at the source, and nested scalar quantization plus irregular repeat-accumulate (IRA) codes... develop and design practical coding strategies which perform very close to the infor- mation theoretic limits. The cooperative communication channels we consider are: (a) The Gaussian re- lay channel, (b) the quasi-static fading relay channel, (c...

  13. Homological Product Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sergey Bravyi; Matthew B. Hastings

    2013-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantum codes with low-weight stabilizers known as LDPC codes have been actively studied recently due to their simple syndrome readout circuits and potential applications in fault-tolerant quantum computing. However, all families of quantum LDPC codes known to this date suffer from a poor distance scaling limited by the square-root of the code length. This is in a sharp contrast with the classical case where good families of LDPC codes are known that combine constant encoding rate and linear distance. Here we propose the first family of good quantum codes with low-weight stabilizers. The new codes have a constant encoding rate, linear distance, and stabilizers acting on at most $\\sqrt{n}$ qubits, where $n$ is the code length. For comparison, all previously known families of good quantum codes have stabilizers of linear weight. Our proof combines two techniques: randomized constructions of good quantum codes and the homological product operation from algebraic topology. We conjecture that similar methods can produce good stabilizer codes with stabilizer weight $n^a$ for any $a>0$. Finally, we apply the homological product to construct new small codes with low-weight stabilizers.

  14. Understanding Perception Through Neural 'Codes'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Walter J III

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Perception Through Neural ‘Codes’. In: Special Issue on “Perception Through Neural ‘Codes’. In: Special Issue on “Perception Through Neural ‘Codes’. In: Special Issue on “

  15. CHARACTERIZATION OF PIDS AND NOETHERIAN RINGS WITH RESPECT TO PRIME IDEALS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinberger, Hans

    CHARACTERIZATION OF PIDS AND NOETHERIAN RINGS WITH RESPECT TO PRIME IDEALS CIHAN BAHRAN 1 ideal of R is finitely generated. An analogue of this statement holds for PIDs: If every prime ideal of an integral domain R is principal, then R is a PID. These are nice and memorable results, but the arguments

  16. Classically conformal U(1)$^\\prime$ extended Standard Model and Higgs vacuum stability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oda, Satsuki; Takahashi, Dai-suke

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the minimal U(1)$^\\prime$ extension of the Standard Model (SM) with conformal invariance at the classical level, where in addition to the SM particle contents, three generations of right-handed neutrinos and a U(1)$^\\prime$ Higgs field are introduced. In the presence of the three right-handed neutrinos, which are responsible for the seesaw mechanism, this model is free from all the gauge and gravitational anomalies. The U(1)$^\\prime$ gauge symmetry is radiatively broken via the Coleman-Weinberg mechanism, by which the U(1)$^\\prime$ gauge boson ($Z^\\prime$ boson) mass as well as the Majorana mass for the right-handed neutrinos are generated. The radiative U(1)$^\\prime$ symmetry breaking also induces a negative mass squared for the SM Higgs doublet to trigger the electroweak symmetry breaking. In this context, we investigate a possibility to solve the SM Higgs vacuum instability problem. The model includes only three free parameters (U(1)$^\\prime$ charge of the SM Higgs doublet, U(1)$^\\prime$ gauge ...

  17. Wild ramification in number field extensions of prime degree Darrin Doud

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doud, Darrin

    Wild ramification in number field extensions of prime degree By Darrin Doud Abstract. We show that if L/K is a degree p extension of number fields which is wildly ramified at a prime p of K of residue by the discriminant. In this note we show that in certain cases it is possible to determine wild ramification

  18. The US Department of Energy`s prime contractor fees on subcontractor costs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

    In Fiscal Year 1996, the Department`s prime contractors awarded $5.3 billion in subcontracts. The purpose of this audit was to determine if the Department adjusted the fee bases of prime contractors to reflect the actual effort necessary to manage the technical and administrative activities of their subcontractors.

  19. Shortened Turbo Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David J.C. MacKay

    Simple arguments suggest that shortened codes must have distance properties equal to or better than those of their parent codes, and that they should be equally practical to decode. This relationship holds true in the case of low density generator codes and low density parity check codes. We investigate the properties of shortened turbo codes. I. Motivation for Shortening In our previous work on codes based on very sparse matrices we have observed that while codes with a low density generator matrix [1] are asymptotically bad, codes with a low density parity check matrix [2] are asymptotically good [3, 4, 5]. One way of viewing the relationship between low density generator matrix codes and low density parity check matrix codes is that one obtains a low density parity check matrix by taking the M \\Theta N parity check matrix [P IM ] of a (N; K) low density generator matrix code and chopping off its right-most M columns (where M = N \\Gamma K), to yield an M \\Theta K matrix [P], which...

  20. U(1) prime dark matter and R-parity violation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brahm, D.E.

    1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Attempts to understand physics beyond the Standard Model must face many phenomenological constraint, from recent Z{sup {degree}} data, neutral current measurements, cosmology and astrophysics, neutrino experiments, tests of lepton-and baryon-number conservation and CP violation, and many other ongoing experiments. The most interesting models are those which are allowed by current data, but offer predictions which can soon be experimentally confirmed or refuted. Two classes of such models are explored in this dissertation. The first, containing an extra U(1){prime} gauge group, has a dark matter candidate which could soon be detected. The second, incorporating supersymmetry with R-parity violation, predicts rare Z{sup {degree}} decays at LEP; some of these models can already be ruled out by LEP data and gluino searches at the Tevatron. 54 refs., 31 figs.

  1. Social priming of dyslexia and reduction of the Stroop effect: What component of the Stroop effect is actually reduced?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sart, Remi

    Social priming of dyslexia and reduction of the Stroop effect: What component of the Stroop effect of the Stroop task, dyslexia priming eliminates the normal magnitude of the interference-based Stroop). The present study further investigated these ideas by examining when and how dyslexia priming controls

  2. Mechanical code comparator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Peter, Frank J. (Albuquerque, NM); Dalton, Larry J. (Bernalillo, NM); Plummer, David W. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A new class of mechanical code comparators is described which have broad potential for application in safety, surety, and security applications. These devices can be implemented as micro-scale electromechanical systems that isolate a secure or otherwise controlled device until an access code is entered. This access code is converted into a series of mechanical inputs to the mechanical code comparator, which compares the access code to a pre-input combination, entered previously into the mechanical code comparator by an operator at the system security control point. These devices provide extremely high levels of robust security. Being totally mechanical in operation, an access control system properly based on such devices cannot be circumvented by software attack alone.

  3. Banner Index Codes The Index code is a data-entry shortcut for the Fund code, Org code, and Program code in Banner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banner Index Codes The Index code is a data-entry shortcut for the Fund code, Org code, and Program code in Banner Finance (FO-P's). Implementation of the Index has greatly decreased data entry coding ­ Account (object) - Program (FOAP) code numbers on any of your accounting forms (Contracts, Purchase Orders

  4. Sandia National Laboratories: Codes

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Codes Solar Thermochemical Hydrogen Production On June 13, 2014, in SNL maintains the equipment, experts, and partnerships required to develop technology for solar thermochemical...

  5. Tokamak Systems Code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reid, R.L.; Barrett, R.J.; Brown, T.G.; Gorker, G.E.; Hooper, R.J.; Kalsi, S.S.; Metzler, D.H.; Peng, Y.K.M.; Roth, K.E.; Spampinato, P.T.

    1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The FEDC Tokamak Systems Code calculates tokamak performance, cost, and configuration as a function of plasma engineering parameters. This version of the code models experimental tokamaks. It does not currently consider tokamak configurations that generate electrical power or incorporate breeding blankets. The code has a modular (or subroutine) structure to allow independent modeling for each major tokamak component or system. A primary benefit of modularization is that a component module may be updated without disturbing the remainder of the systems code as long as the imput to or output from the module remains unchanged.

  6. Graph Concatenation for Quantum Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salman Beigi; Isaac Chuang; Markus Grassl; Peter Shor; Bei Zeng

    2010-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Graphs are closely related to quantum error-correcting codes: every stabilizer code is locally equivalent to a graph code, and every codeword stabilized code can be described by a graph and a classical code. For the construction of good quantum codes of relatively large block length, concatenated quantum codes and their generalizations play an important role. We develop a systematic method for constructing concatenated quantum codes based on "graph concatenation", where graphs representing the inner and outer codes are concatenated via a simple graph operation called "generalized local complementation." Our method applies to both binary and non-binary concatenated quantum codes as well as their generalizations.

  7. Novel Methods in the Particle-In-Cell Accelerator Code-Framework Warp

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vay, J. -L.; Grote, D. P.; Cohen, R. H.; Friedman, A.; Grote, D. P.; Cohen, R. H.; Friedman, A.

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Particle-In-Cell (PIC) Code-Framework Warp is being developed by the Heavy Ion Fusion Science Virtual National Laboratory (HIFS-VNL) to guide the development of accelerators that can deliver beams suitable for high energy density experiments and implosion of inertial fusion capsules. It is also applied in various areas outside the Heavy Ion Fusion program to the study and design of existing and next-generation high-energy accelerators, including the study of electron cloud effects and laser wakefield acceleration for example. This paper presents an overview of Warp’s capabilities, summarizing recent original numerical methods that were developed by the HIFS-VNL (including Particle-In-Cell with Adaptive Mesh Refinement, a large-timestep “drift-Lorentz” mover for arbitrarily magnetized species, a relativistic Lorentz invariant leapfrog particle pusher, simulations in Lorentz boosted frames, an electromagnetic solver with tunable numerical dispersion and efficient stride20 based digital filtering), with great emphasis on the description of the mesh refinement capability. Selected examples of applications of the methods to the abovementioned fields are given.

  8. Reed-Muller Codes: Spherically-Punctured Codes and Decoding Algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kapralova, Olga

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Linear codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3.3 Code parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . .of linear codes . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.5 Reed-Muller

  9. Crystal structure and magnetic properties of '{alpha} Prime Prime -Fe{sub 16}N{sub 2}' containing residual {alpha}-Fe prepared by low-temperature ammonia nitridation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yamashita, S.; Masubuchi, Y. [Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University N13W8, Kita-ku, Sapporo 060-8628 (Japan)] [Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University N13W8, Kita-ku, Sapporo 060-8628 (Japan); Nakazawa, Y.; Okayama, T.; Tsuchiya, M. [Automobile R and D Center, Tochigi, Honda R and D Co. LTD., Shimotakanezawa 4630, Haga, Tochigi 321-3393 (Japan)] [Automobile R and D Center, Tochigi, Honda R and D Co. LTD., Shimotakanezawa 4630, Haga, Tochigi 321-3393 (Japan); Kikkawa, S., E-mail: kikkawa@eng.hokudai.ac.jp [Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University N13W8, Kita-ku, Sapporo 060-8628 (Japan)

    2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Slight enhancement of saturation magnetization to 219 A m{sup 2} kg{sup -1} was observed from 199 A m{sup 2} kg{sup -1} for the original {alpha}-Fe on the intermediate nitrided mixture of '{alpha} Prime Prime -Fe{sub 16}N{sub 2}' with residual {alpha}-Fe among the low temperature ammonia nitridation products under 5 T magnetic field at room temperature. The value changed not linearly against the yield as had been expected. Crystal structure refinement indicated that the phase similar to {alpha} Prime Prime -Fe{sub 16}N{sub 2} had deviations on its lattice constants and positional parameters, compared to previously reported values for {alpha} Prime Prime -Fe{sub 16}N{sub 2}. Spin-polarized total energy calculations were performed using the projector-augmented wave method as implemented in the Vienna ab-initio simulation package (VASP) to calculate magnetic moment on the refined crystal structure of the intermediate '{alpha} Prime Prime -Fe{sub 16}N{sub 2}'. The calculations supported the observed magnetization enhancement in the intermediate nitridation product. - Graphical abstract: Crystal structural parameters slightly change in the intermediate nitrided '{alpha} Prime Prime -Fe{sub 16}N{sub 2}' from those in {alpha} Prime Prime -Fe{sub 16}N{sub 2} to show the magnetization maxima in the mixture of '{alpha} Prime Prime -Fe{sub 16}N{sub 2}' and the residual {alpha}-F. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Larger magnetization was observed than the value of Fe{sub 16}N{sub 2} on its intermediate nitrided mixture with residual {alpha}-Fe. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The enhancement was related to the crystal structural deviation from Fe{sub 16}N{sub 2} on the intermediate nitride. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer It was supported by spin-polarized total energy calculation using the deviated structure.

  10. An Attack on RSA Using LSBs of Multiples of the Prime Factors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nitaj, Abderrahmane

    An Attack on RSA Using LSBs of Multiples of the Prime Factors Abderrahmane Nitaj Laboratoire de attack on RSA with d in polynomial time under special conditions. For example, various partial key exposure attacks on RSA and some

  11. Annihilators for the class group of a cyclic field of prime power degree II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kučera, Radan

    and Radan Kucera Abstract We prove, for a field K which is cyclic of odd prime power degree over]. To explain the significance of our main result (for more details and for references, see [GK2]) we use a bit

  12. Motivation and Alignment - The effect of primed helpfulness and its interaction with lexical alignment 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deans, Katharine

    2010-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Two experiments examined the role of a person’s motivation in lexical alignment in dialogue. To accomplish this, participants were first primed with either helpful or unhelpful social goals using a word search containing ...

  13. Universal space-time codes from demultiplexed trellis codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kose, Cenk; Wesel, R D

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and A. R. Calderbank, “Space-time codes for high data ratePerformance criteria and code construction,” IEEE Trans.of space–time trellis codes,” IEEE Trans. Commun. , vol. 51,

  14. Relation Between Surface Codes and Hypermap-Homology Quantum Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pradeep Sarvepalli

    2014-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently, a new class of quantum codes based on hypermaps were proposed. These codes are obtained from embeddings of hypergraphs as opposed to surface codes which are obtained from the embeddings of graphs. It is natural to compare these two classes of codes and their relation to each other. In this context two related questions are addressed in this paper: Can the parameters of hypermap-homology codes be superior to those of surface codes and what is precisely the relation between these two classes of quantum codes? We show that a canonical hypermap code is identical to a surface code while a noncanonical hypermap code can be transformed to a surface code by CNOT gates alone. Our approach is constructive; we construct the related surface code and the transformation involving CNOT gates.

  15. Open-Cycle Vapor Compression Heat Pump System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pasquinelli, D. M.; Becker, F. E.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to the desired pressure level for process use. The compressor is driven by a gas turbine or gas engine prime mover. To enhance the system performance, the prime mover exhaust and/or cooling jacket heat is recovered to generate additional process steam or hot...

  16. Report number codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nelson, R.N. (ed.)

    1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This publication lists all report number codes processed by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information. The report codes are substantially based on the American National Standards Institute, Standard Technical Report Number (STRN)-Format and Creation Z39.23-1983. The Standard Technical Report Number (STRN) provides one of the primary methods of identifying a specific technical report. The STRN consists of two parts: The report code and the sequential number. The report code identifies the issuing organization, a specific program, or a type of document. The sequential number, which is assigned in sequence by each report issuing entity, is not included in this publication. Part I of this compilation is alphabetized by report codes followed by issuing installations. Part II lists the issuing organization followed by the assigned report code(s). In both Parts I and II, the names of issuing organizations appear for the most part in the form used at the time the reports were issued. However, for some of the more prolific installations which have had name changes, all entries have been merged under the current name.

  17. Search for W-prime Boson Resonances Decaying to a Top Quark and a Bottom Quark

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abazov, V.M.; Abbott, B.; /Dubna, JINR; Abolins, M.; /Oklahoma U.; Acharya, B.S.; /Michigan State U.; Adams, M.; /Tata Inst.; Adams, T.; /Illinois U., Chicago; Aguilo, E.; /Florida State U.; Ahn, S.H.; /York U., Canada; Ahsan, M.; /Korea U., KODEL; Alexeev, G.D.; /Kansas State U.; Alkhazov, Georgiy; /Dubna, JINR /St. Petersburg, INP /Northeastern U.

    2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We search for the production of a heavy W{prime} gauge boson that decays to third generation quarks in 0.9 fb{sup -1} of p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV, collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. We find no significant excess in the final-state invariant mass distribution and set upper limits on the production cross section times branching fraction. For a left-handed W{prime} boson with SM couplings, we set a lower mass limit of 731 GeV. For right-handed W{prime} bosons, we set lower mass limits of 739 GeV if the W{prime} boson decays to both leptons and quarks and 768 GeV if the W{prime} boson decays only to quarks. We also set limits on the coupling of the W{prime} boson to fermions as a function of its mass.

  18. Quantum stabilizer codes and beyond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pradeep Kiran Sarvepalli

    2008-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The importance of quantum error correction in paving the way to build a practical quantum computer is no longer in doubt. This dissertation makes a threefold contribution to the mathematical theory of quantum error-correcting codes. Firstly, it extends the framework of an important class of quantum codes -- nonbinary stabilizer codes. It clarifies the connections of stabilizer codes to classical codes over quadratic extension fields, provides many new constructions of quantum codes, and develops further the theory of optimal quantum codes and punctured quantum codes. Secondly, it contributes to the theory of operator quantum error correcting codes also called as subsystem codes. These codes are expected to have efficient error recovery schemes than stabilizer codes. This dissertation develops a framework for study and analysis of subsystem codes using character theoretic methods. In particular, this work establishes a close link between subsystem codes and classical codes showing that the subsystem codes can be constructed from arbitrary classical codes. Thirdly, it seeks to exploit the knowledge of noise to design efficient quantum codes and considers more realistic channels than the commonly studied depolarizing channel. It gives systematic constructions of asymmetric quantum stabilizer codes that exploit the asymmetry of errors in certain quantum channels.

  19. Rateless Codes for AVC Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarwate, A D; Gastpar, M

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2004. [7] M. Luby, “LT codes,” in Proc. 43rd Ann. IEEE Symp.8] A. Shokrollahi, “Fountain codes,” in Proc. 41st AllertonChannel capacities for list codes,” J. Appl. Probabil. ,

  20. Unequal Error Protection Turbo Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henkel, Werner

    Unequal Error Protection Turbo Codes Diploma Thesis Neele von Deetzen Arbeitsbereich Nachrichtentechnik School of Engineering and Science Bremen, February 28th, 2005 #12;Unequal Error Protection Turbo Convolutional Codes / Turbo Codes 18 3.1 Structure

  1. Quantum Error Correcting Subsystem Codes From Two Classical Linear Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dave Bacon; Andrea Casaccino

    2006-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The essential insight of quantum error correction was that quantum information can be protected by suitably encoding this quantum information across multiple independently erred quantum systems. Recently it was realized that, since the most general method for encoding quantum information is to encode it into a subsystem, there exists a novel form of quantum error correction beyond the traditional quantum error correcting subspace codes. These new quantum error correcting subsystem codes differ from subspace codes in that their quantum correcting routines can be considerably simpler than related subspace codes. Here we present a class of quantum error correcting subsystem codes constructed from two classical linear codes. These codes are the subsystem versions of the quantum error correcting subspace codes which are generalizations of Shor's original quantum error correcting subspace codes. For every Shor-type code, the codes we present give a considerable savings in the number of stabilizer measurements needed in their error recovery routines.

  2. Modeling the creative process of the mind by prime numbers and a simple proof of the Riemann Hypothesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shi Huang

    2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Numbers (positive integers) are the most fundamental creatures of the human mind and the foundation to the scientific understanding of nature. Some mathematicians have suspected a link between prime numbers and secrets of creation. Understanding creativity may help resolve the deepest mysteries of primes. The algorithm that programs the mind and makes the mind creative must be sufficient for the mind to create primes. I found that primes are directly linked to the creation algorithm of the mind. The essence of primes is the duality of uniqueness and uniformity together with the creation algorithm of the mind. The creative process of the mind is lawfully determined but the outcome is unpredictable. The mathematical equivalent or model of this process is the creation of primes. Primes have the inherent property of unpredictability but can be generated by the creation algorithm of the mind, termed the Prime Law, via a fully deterministic lawful process. This new understanding of the essence of primes can deduce some of the best-known properties of primes, including the Riemann Hypothesis (RH). Understanding human creativity is obviously the most fundamental of all scientific enquiries. That this understanding can directly lead to a solution to the RH, widely considered the most important unsolved problem in mathematics, shows a deep connection between creativity and mathematics.

  3. No Code: Null Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montfort, Nick

    2014-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    To continue the productive discussion of uninscribed artworks in Craig Dworkin’s No Medium, this report discusses, in detail, those computer programs that have no code, and are thus empty or null. Several specific examples ...

  4. Climate Code Foundation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barnes, Nick; Jones, David

    2011-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Climate Code Foundation - who are we? A non-profit organisation founded in August 2010; our goal is to promote the public understanding of climate science, by increasing the visibility and clarity of the software used in climate science...

  5. Building Energy Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Authority for adopting the state energy codes was previously vested in the Energy Security Office of the Department of Commerce (originally the Department of Public Services). In 1999-2000, the...

  6. Quantum error control codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdelhamid Awad Aly Ahmed, Sala

    2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    QUANTUM ERROR CONTROL CODES A Dissertation by SALAH ABDELHAMID AWAD ALY AHMED Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY May 2008 Major... Subject: Computer Science QUANTUM ERROR CONTROL CODES A Dissertation by SALAH ABDELHAMID AWAD ALY AHMED Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY...

  7. New Computer Model Pinpoints Prime Materials for Carbon Capture

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated CodesTransparency VisitSilverNephelineNeuralNew Advances

  8. Nested Quantum Error Correction Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhuo Wang; Kai Sun; Hen Fan; Vlatko Vedral

    2009-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The theory of quantum error correction was established more than a decade ago as the primary tool for fighting decoherence in quantum information processing. Although great progress has already been made in this field, limited methods are available in constructing new quantum error correction codes from old codes. Here we exhibit a simple and general method to construct new quantum error correction codes by nesting certain quantum codes together. The problem of finding long quantum error correction codes is reduced to that of searching several short length quantum codes with certain properties. Our method works for all length and all distance codes, and is quite efficient to construct optimal or near optimal codes. Two main known methods in constructing new codes from old codes in quantum error-correction theory, the concatenating and pasting, can be understood in the framework of nested quantum error correction codes.

  9. Accumulate-Repeat-Accumulate Codes: Systematic Codes Achieving the Binary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sason, Igal

    Accumulate-Repeat-Accumulate Codes: Systematic Codes Achieving the Binary Erasure Channel Capacity@ee.technion.ac.il Abstract The paper introduces ensembles of accumulate-repeat-accumulate (ARA) codes which asymp- totically by the first capacity-achieving ensembles of ir- regular repeat-accumulate (IRA) codes with bounded complexity

  10. Code: A Lightweight and Flexible Mobile Code Toolkit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Picco, Gian Pietro

    evaluation of mobile code technology does not exist yet, some studies already evidenced that the powerful of client­server and mobile code in reducing the network traffic generated by management. The theoreticalŻCode: A Lightweight and Flexible Mobile Code Toolkit Gian Pietro Picco Dip. Automatica e

  11. Irreducibility and co-primeness as an integrability criterion for discrete equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masataka Kanki; Jun Mada; Takafumi Mase; Tetsuji Tokihiro

    2014-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the Laurent property, the irreducibility and co-primeness of discrete integrable and non-integrable equations. First we study a discrete integrable equation related to the Somos-4 sequence, and also a non-integrable equation as a comparison. We prove that the conditions of irreducibility and co-primeness hold only in the integrable case. Next, we generalize our previous results on the singularities of the discrete Korteweg-de Vries (dKdV) equation. In our previous paper (arXiv:1311.0060), we described the singularity confinement test (one of the integrability criteria) using the Laurent property, and the irreducibility, and co-primeness of the terms in the bilinear dKdV equation, in which we only considered simplified boundary conditions. This restriction was needed to obtain simple (monomial) relations between the bilinear form and the nonlinear form of the dKdV equation. In this paper, we prove the co-primeness of the terms in the nonlinear dKdV equation for general initial conditions and boundary conditions, by using the localization of Laurent rings and the interchange of the axes. We assert that co-primeness of the terms can be used as a new integrability criterion, which is a mathematical re-interpretation of the confinement of singularities in the case of discrete equations. v2, v3: minor revisions

  12. Observation of eta_c^{prime} Production in gamma gamma Fusion at CLEO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. M. Asner; CLEO Collaboration

    2005-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on the observation of the eta_{c}^{prime}(2^{1}S_{0}), the radial excitation of eta_{c}(1^{1}S_{0}) ground state of charmonium, in the two-photon fusion reaction gamma gamma rightarrow eta_{c}^{prime} rightarrow K_{S}^{0}K^{pm}pi^{mp} in 13.6 fb^{-1} of CLEO II/II.V data and 13.1 fb^{-1} of CLEO III data. We obtain M(eta_{c}^{prime})=3642.9 pm 3.1(stat) pm1.5(syst) MeV, and M(eta_{c})=2981.8 pm1.3(stat) pm 1.5(syst) MeV. The corresponding values of hyperfine splittings between ^{1}S_{0} and ^{3}S_{1} states are \\Delta M_{hf}(1S)=115.1 pm 2.0 MeV, Delta M_{hf}(2S)=43.1 pm3.4 MeV. Assuming that the eta_{c} and eta_{c}^{prime} have equal branching fractions to K_{S}K pi, we obtain Gamma_{gamma gamma}(eta_{c}^{prime})=1.3 pm 0.6 keV.

  13. Development of Damp-Heat Resistant Self-Primed EVA and Non-EVA Encapsulant Formulations at NREL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pern, F. J.; Jorgensen, G. J.

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Self-primed ethylene-vinyl acetate (EVA) and non-EVA (PMG) encapsulant formulations were developed that have greater resistance to damp heat exposure at 85 deg C and 85% relative humidity (RH) (in terms of adhesion strength to glass substrates) than a commonly used commercial EVA product. The self-primed EVA formulations were developed on the basis of high-performing glass priming formulations that have previously proven to significantly enhance the adhesion strength of unprimed and primed EVA films on glass substrates during damp heat exposure. The PMG encapsulant formulations were based on an ethylene-methylacrylate copolymer containing glycidyl methacrylate.

  14. MHD Generation Code

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frutos-Alfaro, Francisco

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A program to generate codes in Fortran and C of the full Magnetohydrodynamic equations is shown. The program used the free computer algebra system software REDUCE. This software has a package called EXCALC, which is an exterior calculus program. The advantage of this program is that it can be modified to include another complex metric or spacetime. The output of this program is modified by means of a LINUX script which creates a new REDUCE program to manipulate the MHD equations to obtain a code that can be used as a seed for a MHD code for numerical applications. As an example, we present part of output of our programs for Cartesian coordinates and how to do the discretization.

  15. Cyclic simplex coded OTDR SNR enhancement of coded optical time domain reflectometry using cyclic simplex codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Namkyoo

    Cyclic simplex coded OTDR SNR enhancement of coded optical time domain reflectometry using cyclic simplex codes *, , , e-mail : nkpark@plaza.snu.ac.kr Abstract: We propose and experimentally demonstrate the performance improvement of a coded optical time domain reflectometry using cyclic simplex

  16. Extended quantum color coding

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hayashi, A.; Hashimoto, T.; Horibe, M. [Department of Applied Physics, Fukui University, Fukui 910-8507 (Japan)

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The quantum color coding scheme proposed by Korff and Kempe [e-print quant-ph/0405086] is easily extended so that the color coding quantum system is allowed to be entangled with an extra auxiliary quantum system. It is shown that in the extended scheme we need only {approx}2{radical}(N) quantum colors to order N objects in large N limit, whereas {approx}N/e quantum colors are required in the original nonextended version. The maximum success probability has asymptotics expressed by the Tracy-Widom distribution of the largest eigenvalue of a random Gaussian unitary ensemble (GUE) matrix.

  17. CONCEPT computer code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Delene, J.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CONCEPT is a computer code that will provide conceptual capital investment cost estimates for nuclear and coal-fired power plants. The code can develop an estimate for construction at any point in time. Any unit size within the range of about 400 to 1300 MW electric may be selected. Any of 23 reference site locations across the United States and Canada may be selected. PWR, BWR, and coal-fired plants burning high-sulfur and low-sulfur coal can be estimated. Multiple-unit plants can be estimated. Costs due to escalation/inflation and interest during construction are calculated.

  18. Synthesis and characterization of redox polymers of (M(4-vinyl-4 prime -methyl-2,2 prime -bipyridine) sub 3 )(PF sub 6 ) sub 2 (M = Ru, Os)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bommarito, S.L.; Lowery-Bretz, S.P.; Abruna, H.D. (Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States))

    1992-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors have prepared polymers of (M(vbpy){sub 3}(PF{sub 6}){sub 2}) (M = Ru, Os) (vbpy = 4-vinyl-4{prime}-methyl-2,2{prime}-bipyridine) in solution via free-radical polymerization and fractionated them according to molecular weight using size exclusion chromatography. Different fractions have been characterized by electrochemical and spectroscopic means. The authors find that whereas for the osmium containing polymers the relative polymer size varies in proportion to the number of vinyl groups consumed during the polymerization reaction, the same is not true for the analogous ruthenium polymers. In addition, the emission energy of both the ruthenium and osmium polymers is also related to the concentration of residual vinyl groups in the polymer. Upon polymerization, there is a shift in the emission toward higher energies. Electrochemically determined diffusion coefficients are consistent with the relative size of the various fractions.

  19. Coding for Transmission Coding for Compression Bonus Section CMPSCI 240: Reasoning about Uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGregor, Andrew

    Coding for Transmission Coding for Compression Bonus Section CMPSCI 240: Reasoning about: April 29, 2014 #12;Coding for Transmission Coding for Compression Bonus Section Information Theory. #12;Coding for Transmission Coding for Compression Bonus Section Encoding Messages with Redundancy

  20. Course Code: Course Title

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    - Frameworks; Decision Making Development life-cycle of a software system Bi-directional influence between-Critical Systems; Technology & Society. Brave New Worlds - Co-operative Computing; eLife. Learning OutcomesCourse Code: F29PD Course Title: Professional Development Course Co-ordinator: Sandy Jean

  1. The Woodland Carbon Code

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Woodland Carbon Code While society must continue to make every effort to reduce greenhouse gas a role by removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. The potential of woodlands to soak up carbon to help compensate for their carbon emissions. But before investing in such projects, people want to know

  2. Chaotic Turbo Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Adrian Barbulescu; Andrew Guidi; Steven S. Pietrobon

    This paper describes a new class of codes, chaotic turbo codes. They were born from a symbiosis between a chaotical digital encoder and a turbo code. This paper investigates the most important properties of both chaotic digital encoders and turbo encoders in order to understand how the two complement each other. A Chaotic Turbo Encoder is then described and initial results will be presented. I. INTRODUCTION A chaotic digital encoder was defined for the first time in [1] as a non--linear digital filter with finite precision (8 bits) which behaves in a quasi--chaotic fashion, both with zero and nonzero input sequences. A simple chaotic encoder is shown in Figure 1 [1]. D Y k X k LCIRC D Figure 1: Chaotic Digital Encoder Mapper L L L L L L 1 The main features of chaotic digital encoders that are used in this paper are: # The system is digital which makes possible its integration with a turbo code. # The output of a chaotic digital encoder with arbitrary inputs has a broad...

  3. Synthesis and characterization of redox copolymers of (Ru(4-vinyl-4 prime -methyl-2,2 prime -bipyridine) sub 3 ) sup 2+ and (Os(4-vinyl-4 prime -methyl-2,2 prime -bipyridine) sub 3 ) sup 2+ : Unusual energy-transfer dynamics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bommarito, S.L.; Lowery-Bretz, S.P.; Abruna, H.D. (Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States))

    1992-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Copolymers of (Ru(vbpy){sub 3}(PF{sub 6}){sub 2}) and (Os(vbpy){sub 3}(PF{sub 6}){sub 2}) (vbpy = 4-vinyl-4{prime}-methyl-2,2{prime}-bipyridine) have been prepared in solution and by electropolymerization. The ruthenium and osmium monomers were incorporated in the copolymers in different ratios depending on the polymerization method. These results point to fundamental differences between solution polymerization and electropolymerization. In addition, luminescence experiments at liquid-nitrogen temperature and room temperature point to a significant degree of energy transfer from ruthenium to osmium states in the polymer.

  4. Erasure Techniques in MRD codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy; Florentin Smarandache; R. Sujatha; R. S. Raja Durai

    2012-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

    This book is organized into six chapters. The first chapter introduces the basic algebraic structures essential to make this book a self contained one. Algebraic linear codes and their basic properties are discussed in chapter two. In chapter three the authors study the basic properties of erasure decoding in maximum rank distance codes. Some decoding techniques about MRD codes are described and discussed in chapter four of this book. Rank distance codes with complementary duals and MRD codes with complementary duals are introduced and their applications are discussed. Chapter five introduces the notion of integer rank distance codes. The final chapter introduces some concatenation techniques.

  5. REDUCED-COMPLEXITY DECODING FOR CONCATENATED CODES BASED ON RECTANGULAR PARITY-CHECK CODES AND TURBO CODES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Tan F.

    AND TURBO CODES John M. Shea and Tan F. Wong University of Florida Department of Electrical and Computer-check code (RPCC) with a turbo code. These concatenated codes are referred to as RPCC+turbo codes. RPCC+turbo codes have been shown to significantly outperform turbo codes in several scenarios [1],[2]. One

  6. DNA Recombination by Random Priming 99 From: Methods in Molecular Biology, vol. 231: Directed Evolution Library Creation: Methods and Protocols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Huimin

    DNA Recombination by Random Priming 99 99 From: Methods in Molecular Biology, vol. 231: Directed., Totowa, NJ 13 In Vitro DNA Recombination by Random Priming Olga Esteban, Ryan D. Woodyer, and Huimin Zhao recombination was first demonstrated by Stemmer in 1994 with the technique of DNA shuffling or sexual PCR (7

  7. Coded modulation with Low Density Parity Check codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narayanaswami, Ravi

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis proposes the design of Low Density Parity Check (LDPC) codes for cases where coded modulation is used. We design these codes by extending the idea of Density Evolution (DE) that has been introduced as a powerful tool to analyze LDPC...

  8. Generating Code for High-Level Operations through Code Composition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Generating Code for High-Level Operations through Code Composition James M. Stichnoth August 1997 of the authors and should not be interpreted as necessarily representing the official policies or endorsements: Compilers, code generation, parallelism, communication generation #12;Abstract A traditional compiler

  9. Method for high-volume sequencing of nucleic acids: random and directed priming with libraries of oligonucleotides

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Studier, F. William (Stony Brook, NY)

    1995-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Random and directed priming methods for determining nucleotide sequences by enzymatic sequencing techniques, using libraries of primers of lengths 8, 9 or 10 bases, are disclosed. These methods permit direct sequencing of nucleic acids as large as 45,000 base pairs or larger without the necessity for subcloning. Individual primers are used repeatedly to prime sequence reactions in many different nucleic acid molecules. Libraries containing as few as 10,000 octamers, 14,200 nonamers, or 44,000 decamers would have the capacity to determine the sequence of almost any cosmid DNA. Random priming with a fixed set of primers from a smaller library can also be used to initiate the sequencing of individual nucleic acid molecules, with the sequence being completed by directed priming with primers from the library. In contrast to random cloning techniques, a combined random and directed priming strategy is far more efficient.

  10. Method for high-volume sequencing of nucleic acids: random and directed priming with libraries of oligonucleotides

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Studier, F.W.

    1995-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Random and directed priming methods for determining nucleotide sequences by enzymatic sequencing techniques, using libraries of primers of lengths 8, 9 or 10 bases, are disclosed. These methods permit direct sequencing of nucleic acids as large as 45,000 base pairs or larger without the necessity for subcloning. Individual primers are used repeatedly to prime sequence reactions in many different nucleic acid molecules. Libraries containing as few as 10,000 octamers, 14,200 nonamers, or 44,000 decamers would have the capacity to determine the sequence of almost any cosmid DNA. Random priming with a fixed set of primers from a smaller library can also be used to initiate the sequencing of individual nucleic acid molecules, with the sequence being completed by directed priming with primers from the library. In contrast to random cloning techniques, a combined random and directed priming strategy is far more efficient. 2 figs.

  11. Multiclass learning with simplex coding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mroueh, Youssef

    In this paper we discuss a novel framework for multiclass learning, defined by a suitable coding/decoding strategy, namely the simplex coding, that allows us to generalize to multiple classes a relaxation approach commonly ...

  12. Distributed control of coded networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Fang, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The introduction of network coding has the potential to revolutionize the way people operate networks. For the benefits of network coding to be realized, distributed solutions are needed for various network problems. In ...

  13. Nevada Energy Code for Buildings

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    ''Much of the information presented in this summary is drawn from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program and the Building Codes Assistance Project (BCAP). For more...

  14. Confocal coded aperture imaging

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tobin, Jr., Kenneth William (Harriman, TN); Thomas, Jr., Clarence E. (Knoxville, TN)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for imaging a target volume comprises the steps of: radiating a small bandwidth of energy toward the target volume; focusing the small bandwidth of energy into a beam; moving the target volume through a plurality of positions within the focused beam; collecting a beam of energy scattered from the target volume with a non-diffractive confocal coded aperture; generating a shadow image of said aperture from every point source of radiation in the target volume; and, reconstructing the shadow image into a 3-dimensional image of the every point source by mathematically correlating the shadow image with a digital or analog version of the coded aperture. The method can comprise the step of collecting the beam of energy scattered from the target volume with a Fresnel zone plate.

  15. Improved germination of pansy seed at high temperatures by priming with salt solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoon, Beyoung-Han

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and nonprimed seeds. Pansy seeds (Viola x wittrockiana 'Majestic Giant Blue Shade' and 'Crystal Bowl Sky Blue') were primed with several salts and PEG 15,000 at - 1.0 and - 2.0 MPa, for 3, 6, or 9 days at 23 C. Total percent germination (G) of nonprimed seeds...

  16. REPETITION PRIMING IS NOT PURELY EPISODIC IN ORIGIN* Laurie B. Feldmant and Jasmina Moskovljevi6tt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    were singular inflected case forms of Serbo-Croatian words and visual similarity of prime and target was manipulated by alternating the two alphabets in which the Serbo-Croatian language is written. Results in Serbo-Croatian by suffixes such as ele and ICA (STAN-STANCle) and (b) base words with morphologically

  17. Matrix multiplication over word-size prime fields using Bini's approximate formula

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Matrix multiplication over word-size prime fields using Bini's approximate formula Brice Boyer Jean-Guillaume Dumas Abstract Bini's approximate formula (or border rank) for matrix multiplication achieves a better the approximate formula in the special case where the ring is Z/pZ. Besides, we show an implemen- tation ŕ la

  18. LE MATERIE PRIME RINNOVABILI E LA TRANSIZIONE DA ECONOMIA DI PRODOTTO AD ECONOMIA DI SISTEMA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Genova, Universitŕ degli Studi di

    LE MATERIE PRIME RINNOVABILI E LA TRANSIZIONE DA ECONOMIA DI PRODOTTO AD ECONOMIA DI SISTEMA Per aumentando la qualitŕ della vita dei suoi abitanti. Si tratta di favorire la transizione da un'economia di prodotto ad una economia di sistema, un salto culturale verso una sostenibilitŕ economica ed ambientale che

  19. Estimating the Prime-Factors of an RSA Modulus and an Extension of the Wiener Attack

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Sheng-Wei

    Estimating the Prime-Factors of an RSA Modulus and an Extension of the Wiener Attack Hung-Min Sun- Factorization is difficult, p and q are simply estimated as N. In the Wiener attack, 2 N is adopted of the Wiener attack can be considered to be brute-guessing for the MSBs of p + q. Comparing with their work

  20. Herbivory in the Previous Generation Primes Plants for Enhanced Insect Resistance1[W][OA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agrawal, Anurag

    Herbivory in the Previous Generation Primes Plants for Enhanced Insect Resistance1[W][OA] Sergio than on control plants, and persisted for two generations in Arabidopsis. Arabidopsis mutants University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (S.R., R.H., A.A.A.); Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research, Ithaca

  1. University of Georgia / University of Liverpool Seed Grant / Pump-Priming Grant Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    University of Georgia / University of Liverpool Seed Grant / Pump-Priming Grant Program Program Description As part of the University of Georgia (UGA) / University of Liverpool Partnership, we are providing for ongoing sponsored funding to continue the collaborations. Eligibility Criteria To be eligible

  2. On the embedded primes of the Mayr-Meyer ideals Irena Swanson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swanson, Irena

    On the embedded primes of the Mayr-Meyer ideals Irena Swanson Table of contents: Section 1 investigates the doubly exponential ideal membership property of the Mayr-Meyer ideals. These ideals were first defined by Mayr and Meyer in [MM], where their doubly exponential behavior was first observed

  3. MELCOR computer code manuals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Summers, R.M.; Cole, R.K. Jr.; Smith, R.C.; Stuart, D.S.; Thompson, S.L. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Hodge, S.A.; Hyman, C.R.; Sanders, R.L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MELCOR is a fully integrated, engineering-level computer code that models the progression of severe accidents in light water reactor nuclear power plants. MELCOR is being developed at Sandia National Laboratories for the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission as a second-generation plant risk assessment tool and the successor to the Source Term Code Package. A broad spectrum of severe accident phenomena in both boiling and pressurized water reactors is treated in MELCOR in a unified framework. These include: thermal-hydraulic response in the reactor coolant system, reactor cavity, containment, and confinement buildings; core heatup, degradation, and relocation; core-concrete attack; hydrogen production, transport, and combustion; fission product release and transport; and the impact of engineered safety features on thermal-hydraulic and radionuclide behavior. Current uses of MELCOR include estimation of severe accident source terms and their sensitivities and uncertainties in a variety of applications. This publication of the MELCOR computer code manuals corresponds to MELCOR 1.8.3, released to users in August, 1994. Volume 1 contains a primer that describes MELCOR`s phenomenological scope, organization (by package), and documentation. The remainder of Volume 1 contains the MELCOR Users Guides, which provide the input instructions and guidelines for each package. Volume 2 contains the MELCOR Reference Manuals, which describe the phenomenological models that have been implemented in each package.

  4. Travel Codes Traveler Is Employee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    Travel Codes Traveler Is Employee: 64100-Domestic Travel 64150-Mileage 64200-International Travel Supplies & Expense Codes 71410-Office Supplies 71430-Lab/Research Supplies (dollar value of each item less Charges Equipment Codes 84320-Equipment (non-computer & peripherals) with a cost of $5,000.00 or more per

  5. Rotationally invariant multilevel block codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kulandaivelu, Anita

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this thesis is to evaluate the performance of block codes that are designed to be rotationally invariant, in a multilevel coding scheme, over a channel modelled to be white gaussian noise. Also, the use of non-binary codes...

  6. Design of proximity detecting codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perisetty, Srinivas

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    delay insensitive, codes like unordered codes have been proposed. Although these codes are delay insensitive, the receiver still has to wait for all the 1s in the transmitted data to be received before sending an acknowledge signal to the sender. A new...

  7. Code for Hydrogen Hydrogen Pipeline

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;2 Code for Hydrogen Pipelines Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop Augusta, Georgia August development · Charge from BPTCS to B31 Standards Committee for Hydrogen Piping/Pipeline code development · B31.12 Status & Structure · Hydrogen Pipeline issues · Research Needs · Where Do We Go From Here? #12;4 Code

  8. Energy Codes and Standards: Facilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bartlett, Rosemarie; Halverson, Mark A.; Shankle, Diana L.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy codes and standards play a vital role in the marketplace by setting minimum requirements for energy-efficient design and construction. They outline uniform requirements for new buildings as well as additions and renovations. This article covers basic knowledge of codes and standards; development processes of each; adoption, implementation, and enforcement of energy codes and standards; and voluntary energy efficiency programs.

  9. PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF TURBO CODES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alajaji, Fady

    PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF TURBO CODES by Guangchong Zhu A project submitted to the Department named ``Turbo codes'' which claims an extraordinary performance with reasonable decoding complexity. In this project, we begin with a study on the structure and principle of Turbo codes. We then investigate

  10. Southeast Energy Efficiency Alliance's Building Energy Codes...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Southeast Energy Efficiency Alliance's Building Energy Codes Project Southeast Energy Efficiency Alliance's Building Energy Codes Project Building Codes Project for the 2013...

  11. 2013 Reporting Unit Codes | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    2013 Reporting Unit Codes 2013 Reporting Unit Codes CFC Reporting Unit Codes 2013.pdf More Documents & Publications EA-0372: Final Environmental Assessment Alignment: Achieving...

  12. Error Floors of LDPC Codes and Related Topics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Butler, Brian K.

    Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2.2 LDPC Codes . . . . . . . .2.1 Binary Linear Block Codes . . . . . . .

  13. Thermal evolution behavior of carbides and {gamma} Prime precipitates in FGH96 superalloy powder

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang Lin, E-mail: zhanglincsu@163.com [State Key Laboratory for Advanced Metals and Materials, Beijing Key Laboratory for Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing, 100083 (China); Liu Hengsan, E-mail: lhsj63@sohu.com [State Key Laboratory for Advanced Metals and Materials, Beijing Key Laboratory for Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing, 100083 (China); He Xinbo, E-mail: xb_he@163.com [State Key Laboratory for Advanced Metals and Materials, Beijing Key Laboratory for Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing, 100083 (China); Rafi-ud-din, E-mail: rafiuddi@gmail.com [State Key Laboratory for Advanced Metals and Materials, Beijing Key Laboratory for Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing, 100083 (China); Qu Xuanhui, E-mail: quxh@ustb.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory for Advanced Metals and Materials, Beijing Key Laboratory for Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing, 100083 (China); Qin Mingli, E-mail: mlqin75@hotmail.com [State Key Laboratory for Advanced Metals and Materials, Beijing Key Laboratory for Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing, 100083 (China); Li Zhou, E-mail: zhouli621@126.com [National Key Lab of High Temperature Structural Materials, Beijing Institute of Aeronautical Materials, Beijing, 100095 (China); Zhang Guoqing, E-mail: g.zhang@126.com [National Key Lab of High Temperature Structural Materials, Beijing Institute of Aeronautical Materials, Beijing, 100095 (China)

    2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The characteristics of rapidly solidified FGH96 superalloy powder and the thermal evolution behavior of carbides and {gamma} Prime precipitates within powder particles were investigated. It was observed that the reduction of powder size and the increase of cooling rate had transformed the solidification morphologies of atomized powder from dendrite in major to cellular structure. The secondary dendritic spacing was measured to be 1.02-2.55 {mu}m and the corresponding cooling rates were estimated to be in the range of 1.4 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 4}-4.7 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 5} K{center_dot}s{sup -1}. An increase in the annealing temperature had rendered the phase transformation of carbides evolving from non-equilibrium MC Prime carbides to intermediate transition stage of M{sub 23}C{sub 6} carbides, and finally to thermodynamically stable MC carbides. The superfine {gamma} Prime precipitates were formed at the dendritic boundaries of rapidly solidified superalloy powder. The coalescence, growth, and homogenization of {gamma}' precipitates occurred with increasing annealing temperature. With decreasing cooling rate from 650 Degree-Sign C{center_dot}K{sup -1} to 5 Degree-Sign C{center_dot}K{sup -1}, the morphological development of {gamma} Prime precipitates had been shown to proceed from spheroidal to cuboidal and finally to solid state dendrites. Meanwhile, a shift had been observed from dendritic morphology to recrystallized structure between 900 Degree-Sign C and 1050 Degree-Sign C. Moreover, accelerated evolution of carbides and {gamma}' precipitates had been facilitated by the formation of new grain boundaries which provide fast diffusion path for atomic elements. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Microstructural characteristic of FGH96 superalloy powder was investigated. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The relation between microstructure, particle size, and cooling rate was studied. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Thermal evolution behavior of {gamma} Prime and carbides in loose FGH96 powder was studied.

  14. Determining Optimal Equipment Capacities in Cooling, Heating and Power (CHP) Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeVault, Robert C [ORNL; Hudson II, Carl Randy [ORNL

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Evaluation of potential cooling, heating and power (CHP) applications requires an assessment of the operations and economics of a particular system in meeting the electric and thermal demands of a specific end-use facility. A key determinate in whether a candidate system will be economic is the proper selection of equipment capacities. A methodology to determine the optimal capacities for CHP prime movers and absorption chillers using nonlinear optimization algorithms has been coded into a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet tool that performs the capacity optimization and operations simulation. This paper presents details on the use and results of this publicly available tool.

  15. T ID CODE I

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA Approved:AdministrationAnalysisDarby Dietrich5 | NUMBER 1 | MARCHT ID CODE I

  16. Coding for Transmission Coding for Compression Bonus Section CMPSCI 240: Reasoning about Uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGregor, Andrew

    Coding for Transmission Coding for Compression Bonus Section CMPSCI 240: Reasoning about 1, 2013 #12;Coding for Transmission Coding for Compression Bonus Section Information Theory Encoding for Transmission Coding for Compression Bonus Section Encoding Messages with Redundancy: Error Correcting Suppose

  17. Polarization Transfer in the {sup 4}He({rvec E},E{prime}{rvec P}){sup 3}H Reaction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steffen Strauch

    2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Polarization transfer in the {sup 4}He({rvec E},E{prime}{rvec P}){sup 3}H reaction was measured in Jefferson Lab experiment 93-049. The ratio of the polarization transfer coefficients, (P{prime}{sub x}/P{prime}{sub z}){sub He}, is on average significantly reduced as compared to the same ratio in elastic ep scattering. This is so far unaccounted for by relativistic DWIA calculations, and favors the inclusion of a predicted medium modification of the proton form factor.

  18. Differential cross sections for the reactions gamma p-> p eta and gamma p -> p eta-prime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Williams; Z. Krahn; D. Applegate; M. Bellis; C. A. Meyer; for the CLAS Collaboration

    2009-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    High-statistics differential cross sections for the reactions gamma p -> p eta and gamma p -> p eta-prime have been measured using the CLAS at Jefferson Lab for center-of-mass energies from near threshold up to 2.84 GeV. The eta-prime results are the most precise to date and provide the largest energy and angular coverage. The eta measurements extend the energy range of the world's large-angle results by approximately 300 MeV. These new data, in particular the eta-prime measurements, are likely to help constrain the analyses being performed to search for new baryon resonance states.

  19. Quantum serial turbo-codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Poulin; Jean-Pierre Tillich; Harold Ollivier

    2009-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a theory of quantum serial turbo-codes, describe their iterative decoding algorithm, and study their performances numerically on a depolarization channel. Our construction offers several advantages over quantum LDPC codes. First, the Tanner graph used for decoding is free of 4-cycles that deteriorate the performances of iterative decoding. Secondly, the iterative decoder makes explicit use of the code's degeneracy. Finally, there is complete freedom in the code design in terms of length, rate, memory size, and interleaver choice. We define a quantum analogue of a state diagram that provides an efficient way to verify the properties of a quantum convolutional code, and in particular its recursiveness and the presence of catastrophic error propagation. We prove that all recursive quantum convolutional encoder have catastrophic error propagation. In our constructions, the convolutional codes have thus been chosen to be non-catastrophic and non-recursive. While the resulting families of turbo-codes have bounded minimum distance, from a pragmatic point of view the effective minimum distances of the codes that we have simulated are large enough not to degrade the iterative decoding performance up to reasonable word error rates and block sizes. With well chosen constituent convolutional codes, we observe an important reduction of the word error rate as the code length increases.

  20. Conjugate Codes and Applications to Cryptography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitsuru Hamada

    2006-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

    A conjugate code pair is defined as a pair of linear codes such that one contains the dual of the other. The conjugate code pair represents the essential structure of the corresponding Calderbank-Shor-Steane (CSS) quantum code. It is argued that conjugate code pairs are applicable to quantum cryptography in order to motivate studies on conjugate code pairs.

  1. Turbo and LDPC Codes: Implementation, Simulation,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valenti, Matthew C.

    1 Turbo and LDPC Codes: Implementation, Simulation, and Standardization June 7, 2006 Matthew/7/2006 Turbo and LDPC Codes 2/133 Tutorial Overview Channel capacity Convolutional codes ­ the MAP algorithm Turbo codes ­ Standard binary turbo codes: UMTS and cdma2000 ­ Duobinary CRSC turbo codes: DVB

  2. Scanning tunneling microscopy of dimeric and polymeric products of electroreduced (Re(CO) sub 3 (4-vinyl,4 prime -methyl-2,2 prime -bipyridine)Cl)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Snyder, S.R.; White, H.S. (Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis (USA)); Lopez, S.; Abruna, H.D. (Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (USA))

    1990-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) was used to image adsorbed products resulting from electroreduction of (Re(CO){sub 3}(vbpy)Cl) (vbpy = 4-vinyl,4{prime}-methyl-2,2{prime}-bipyridine) on highly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG). STM images, in air, of HOPG electrodes following electroreduction of (Re(CO){sub 3}(vbpy)Cl) (in acetonitrile/0.1 M tetra-n-butylammonium perchlorate) by cycling the potential between 0 and {minus}2.0 V vs a sodium saturated colomel electrode (SSCE) show molecular species uniformly distributed on the surface including approximately dumbbell shaped molecules ({approx} 40 {times} 20 {angstrom}). The size and shape of these aggregates is consistent with products derived from vinyl-vinvyl coupling of Re-Re bonded dimers: ((vbpy)(CO){sub 3}Re-Re(CO){sub 3}(vbpyH-vbpyH)(CO){sub 3}Re-Re(CO){sub 3}(vbpy)). STM images of electrodes prepared by cycling the potential between 0 and {minus}1.45 V vs SSCE (less reducing conditions) show highly nonuniform coating of the surface by polymer. Several polymer morphologies were observed with polymer nucleation preferentially occurring at step sites on HOPG.

  3. Pump-beam-induced optical damage depended on repetition frequency and pulse width in 4-dimethylamino-N Prime -methyl-4 Prime -stilbazolium tosylate crystal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matsukawa, Takeshi; Nawata, Kouji; Notake, Takashi; Qi Feng; Kawamata, Hiroshi; Minamide, Hiroaki [Tera-photonics Laboratory, RIKEN, 519-1399, Aramaki-Aoba, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-0845 (Japan)

    2013-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigated the dependence of optical damage to an organic nonlinear optical crystal of 4-dimethylamino-N Prime -methyl-4 Prime -stilbazolium tosylate (DAST) on the repetition frequency and pulse width of the pump beam used to cause the thermal damage. For a pump beam with a pulse width of 15 ns at a wavelength of 1064 nm, the highest damage threshold of 8.0 J/cm{sup 2} was measured for repetition frequencies in the range from 10 to 40 Hz. On the other hand, DAST crystals were easily damaged under the repetition rates from 50 to 100 Hz. For 600-ps pulses, a higher damage threshold that was a factor of 11 to 28 times higher in terms of peak intensity was obtained compared with that of 15-ns pulses. In both the cases of 15-ns pulse duration and 600-ps duration, we demonstrated that the thermal effects in DAST crystals dominated the optical damage, which depended on thermal accumulation and dissipation.

  4. Gamma prime embrittlement and thermal fatigue cracking of a hydrogen reformer burner end

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dias, O.C.; Mack, N.C. [Amoco Oil Co., Texas City, TX (United States)

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    An investigation into the premature failure of an Alloy 800HT (UNS N08811) oxygen-gas mixer water jacketed end is discussed. Detailed metallurgical analyses showed that gamma prime [Ni{sub 3} (Al, Ti)] embrittlement and thermal fatigue cracking led to eventual leakage. The reduced lif e of the Alloy 800HT (UNS N08811) replacement (problems after only a year) was traced to its higher Al + Ti content (1.1%) compared to Alloy 800H (0.6% Al + Ti) which lasted over two years. While higher aluminum and titanium levels improve high temperature creep and stress rupture properties, both are sigma formers and, at levels > 0.6%, tend to form gamma prime with nickel. The choice of alternative metallurgies requires careful considerations of physical, mechanical and thermal properties as well as an understanding of complex stresses and stress distributions.

  5. Presidents and prime ministers : United Kingdon-United States: 'Special Relationship' during the 1960's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Melissa S

    2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    of the requirements for the 1998-99 UNIVERSITY UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH FELLOWS PROGRAM April 15, 1999 Approved as to style and content by: r R. J. . Adams (Faculty Advisor) Department of History Susanna Finnell, Executive Director Honors Programs and Academic... Scholarships Fellows Group: Humanities Abstract Presidents and Prime Ministers: United Kingdom ? United States: 'Special Relationship' during the 1960's Melissa S. Thompson, (Dr. R. J. Q. Adams) University Undergraduate Fellow, 1998- 1999, Texas A...

  6. Clark County- Energy Conservation Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In September 2010, Clark County adopted Ordinance 3897, implementing the Southern Nevada version of the 2009 International Energy Conservation Code for both residential and commercial buildings...

  7. Marin County- Solar Access Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Marin County's Energy Conservation Code is designed to assure new subdivisions provide for future passive or natural heating or cooling opportunities in the subdivision to the extent feasible. ...

  8. Quantum Quasi-Cyclic LDPC Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manabu Hagiwara; Hideki Imai

    2010-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, a construction of a pair of "regular" quasi-cyclic LDPC codes as ingredient codes for a quantum error-correcting code is proposed. That is, we find quantum regular LDPC codes with various weight distributions. Furthermore our proposed codes have lots of variations for length, code rate. These codes are obtained by a descrete mathematical characterization for model matrices of quasi-cyclic LDPC codes. Our proposed codes achieve a bounded distance decoding (BDD) bound, or known as VG bound, and achieve a lower bound of the code length.

  9. Super Special Codes using Super Matrices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy; Florentin Smarandache; K. Ilanthenral

    2010-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The new classes of super special codes are constructed in this book using the specially constructed super special vector spaces. These codes mainly use the super matrices. These codes can be realized as a special type of concatenated codes. This book has four chapters. In chapter one basic properties of codes and super matrices are given. A new type of super special vector space is constructed in chapter two of this book. Three new classes of super special codes namely, super special row code, super special column code and super special codes are introduced in chapter three. Applications of these codes are given in the final chapter.

  10. On the logical operators of quantum codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mark M. Wilde

    2009-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    I show how applying a symplectic Gram-Schmidt orthogonalization to the normalizer of a quantum code gives a different way of determining the code's logical operators. This approach may be more natural in the setting where we produce a quantum code from classical codes because the generator matrices of the classical codes form the normalizer of the resulting quantum code. This technique is particularly useful in determining the logical operators of an entanglement-assisted code produced from two classical binary codes or from one classical quaternary code. Finally, this approach gives additional formulas for computing the amount of entanglement that an entanglement-assisted code requires.

  11. Non-Residential Energy Code National and Regional Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Non-Residential Energy Code Comparison National and Regional Codes David Baylon Mike Kennedy #12 2003 · ASHRAE 90.1 2001 & addenda · E-Benchmark Guidelines (NBI) #12;Approach · Comparison of the State;Approach (cont.) · Provisions compared ­ Lighting power ­ Lighting controls ­ Mechanical systems ­ Building

  12. Building and Facility Codes Code Building Location Bldg # Coordinates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Lynn

    Building and Facility Codes Code Building Location Bldg # Coordinates APM Applied Physics & Mathematics Building Muir 249 F7 ASANT Asante Hall Eleanor Roosevelt 446 F5 BIO Biology Building Muir 259 F7 BIRCH Birch Aquarium SIO 2300 S-D7 BONN Bonner Hall Revelle 131 G8 BSB Biomedical Sciences Building

  13. Space time coded code division multiplexing on SC140 DSP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Menon, Murali P

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The aim of this research is to design a high data rate wireless communication system for multi-path fading channels. Code-division multiplexing is proposed as a modulation scheme for a space-time coded multiple antenna system that would guarantee...

  14. Weight Distribution of a Class of Binary Linear Block Codes Formed from RCPC Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Yushi Dr.; Cosman, Pamela C; Milstein, Laurence B

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    formed from convolutional codes,” IEEE Trans. Commun. , vol.terminated convolutional codes,” IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory,decoding of linear block codes and related soft- decision

  15. Introduction Space Time Codes Space Time Coding with Feedback New Thoughts Summary Space-Time Coding for Multi-Antenna

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veeravalli, Venugopal

    Introduction Space Time Codes Space Time Coding with Feedback New Thoughts Summary Space 2007 #12;Introduction Space Time Codes Space Time Coding with Feedback New Thoughts Summary MIMO: Diversity vs Multiplexing Multiplexing Diversity Pictures taken from lectures notes on Space Time Coding

  16. LFSC - Linac Feedback Simulation Code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ivanov, Valentin; /Fermilab

    2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The computer program LFSC (Code>) is a numerical tool for simulation beam based feedback in high performance linacs. The code LFSC is based on the earlier version developed by a collective of authors at SLAC (L.Hendrickson, R. McEwen, T. Himel, H. Shoaee, S. Shah, P. Emma, P. Schultz) during 1990-2005. That code was successively used in simulation of SLC, TESLA, CLIC and NLC projects. It can simulate as pulse-to-pulse feedback on timescale corresponding to 5-100 Hz, as slower feedbacks, operating in the 0.1-1 Hz range in the Main Linac and Beam Delivery System. The code LFSC is running under Matlab for MS Windows operating system. It contains about 30,000 lines of source code in more than 260 subroutines. The code uses the LIAR ('Linear Accelerator Research code') for particle tracking under ground motion and technical noise perturbations. It uses the Guinea Pig code to simulate the luminosity performance. A set of input files includes the lattice description (XSIF format), and plane text files with numerical parameters, wake fields, ground motion data etc. The Matlab environment provides a flexible system for graphical output.

  17. Stabilizer Codes over Frobenius Rings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nadella, Sushma

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    now, the methods for quantum error correction were mainly based on quantum codes that rely on the arithmetic in finite fields. In contrast, this thesis aims to develop a basic framework for quantum error correcting codes over a class of rings known...

  18. Entanglement boosts quantum turbo codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilde, Mark M

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the unexpected breakdowns in the existing theory of quantum serial turbo coding is that a quantum convolutional encoder cannot simultaneously be recursive and non-catastrophic. These properties are essential for a quantum turbo code to have an unbounded minimum distance and for its iterative decoding algorithm to converge, respectively. Here, we show that the entanglement-assisted paradigm gives a theoretical and practical "turbo boost" to these codes, in the sense that an entanglement-assisted quantum (EAQ) convolutional encoder can possess both of the aforementioned desirable properties, and simulation results indicate that entanglement-assisted turbo codes can operate reliably in a noise regime 5.5 dB beyond that of standard quantum turbo codes. Entanglement is the resource that enables a convolutional encoder to satisfy both properties because an encoder acting on only information qubits, classical bits, gauge qubits, and ancilla qubits cannot simultaneously satisfy them. We give several examples o...

  19. On Quantum and Classical BCH Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salah A. Aly; Andreas Klappenecker; Pradeep Kiran Sarvepalli

    2006-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Classical BCH codes that contain their (Euclidean or Hermitian) dual codes can be used to construct quantum stabilizer codes; this correspondence studies the properties of such codes. It is shown that a BCH code of length n can contain its dual code only if its designed distance d=O(sqrt(n)), and the converse is proved in the case of narrow-sense codes. Furthermore, the dimension of narrow-sense BCH codes with small design distance is completely determined, and - consequently - the bounds on their minimum distance are improved. These results make it possible to determine the parameters of quantum BCH codes in terms of their design parameters.

  20. San Francisco Building Code Amendments to the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Green Building Standards Code 2010 California Residential Code Operative date: January 1, 2011 #12;2 #121 2010 San Francisco Building Code Amendments to the 2010 California Building Code 2010 California;3 CHAPTER 1 SCOPE AND ADMINISTRATION DIVISION I CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATION No San Francisco Building Code

  1. NHA HYDROGEN SAFETY CODES AND STANDARDS ACTIVITIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    laboratories, code officials and model building code organizations to bring experts together in a focused and other information needed by the Code Officials to complete the development of these new codes needs to be disseminated to building code officials such as National Fire Protection Association (NFPA

  2. Remarkable Degenerate Quantum Stabilizer Codes Derived from Duadic Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salah A. Aly; Andreas Klappenecker; Pradeep Kiran Sarvepalli

    2006-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Good quantum codes, such as quantum MDS codes, are typically nondegenerate, meaning that errors of small weight require active error-correction, which is--paradoxically--itself prone to errors. Decoherence free subspaces, on the other hand, do not require active error correction, but perform poorly in terms of minimum distance. In this paper, examples of degenerate quantum codes are constructed that have better minimum distance than decoherence free subspaces and allow some errors of small weight that do not require active error correction. In particular, two new families of [[n,1,>= sqrt(n)

  3. Prime Contract

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)IntegratedSpeedingTechnical News, information andNet electricity trade indexContract

  4. Surface code implementation of block code state distillation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Austin G. Fowler; Simon J. Devitt; Cody Jones

    2013-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

    State distillation is the process of taking a number of imperfect copies of a particular quantum state and producing fewer better copies. Until recently, the lowest overhead method of distilling states |A>=(|0>+e^{i\\pi/4}|1>)/\\sqrt{2} produced a single improved |A> state given 15 input copies. New block code state distillation methods can produce k improved |A> states given 3k+8 input copies, potentially significantly reducing the overhead associated with state distillation. We construct an explicit surface code implementation of block code state distillation and quantitatively compare the overhead of this approach to the old. We find that, using the best available techniques, for parameters of practical interest, block code state distillation does not always lead to lower overhead, and, when it does, the overhead reduction is typically less than a factor of three.

  5. Entanglement-assisted codeword stabilized quantum codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shin, Jeonghwan; Heo, Jun; Brun, Todd A. [School of Electrical Engineering, Korea University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Communication Sciences Institute, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089 (United States)

    2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Entangled qubits can increase the capacity of quantum error-correcting codes based on stabilizer codes. In addition, by using entanglement quantum stabilizer codes can be construct from classical linear codes that do not satisfy the dual-containing constraint. We show that it is possible to construct both additive and nonadditive quantum codes using the codeword stabilized quantum code framework. Nonadditive codes may offer improved performance over the more common stabilizer codes. Like other entanglement-assisted codes, the encoding procedure acts only on the qubits on Alice's side, and only these qubits are assumed to pass through the channel. However, errors in the codeword stabilized quantum code framework give rise to effective Z errors on Bob's side. We use this scheme to construct entanglement-assisted nonadditive quantum codes, in particular, ((5,16,2;1)) and ((7,4,5;4)) codes.

  6. Entanglement-assisted codeword stabilized quantum codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeonghwan Shin; Jun Heo; Todd A. Brun

    2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Entangled qubit can increase the capacity of quantum error correcting codes based on stabilizer codes. In addition, by using entanglement quantum stabilizer codes can be construct from classical linear codes that do not satisfy the dual-containing constraint. We show that it is possible to construct both additive and non-additive quantum codes using the codeword stabilized quantum code framework. Nonadditive codes may offer improved performance over the more common sta- bilizer codes. Like other entanglement-assisted codes, the encoding procedure acts only the qubits on Alice's side, and only these qubits are assumed to pass through the channel. However, errors the codeword stabilized quantum code framework gives rise to effective Z errors on Bob side. We use this scheme to construct new entanglement-assisted non-additive quantum codes, in particular, ((5,16,2;1)) and ((7,4,5;4)) codes.

  7. STDS91.COD: Grief and Mourning Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenblatt, Paul C.; Walsh, R. Patricia; Jackson, Douglas A.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    conflict 2000 Age of Marriage, Females (code book variable87) N Code NA Meaning Missing data Scores range from 8.2 toGRIEF AND MOURNING CODES Paul C. Rosenblatt Department of

  8. LDPC codes : structural analysis and decoding techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Xiaojie

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to Low-Density Parity-Check Codes 2.1 Representation of LDPC4.2 Error Floors of LDPC Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .LP Decoding of LDPC Codes with Alternating Direction Method

  9. Codes for the fast SSS QR eigens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fortran 90 codes (zip file); Matlab codes (zip file). Please email. A fast O(n^2) time QR eigensolver for companion matrices/polynomials. Fortran 90 codes (zip ...

  10. DEPARTMENT CODE Department of Computer Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DEPARTMENT CODE Department of Computer Science College of Natural Sciences Colorado State and Amendment of this Code 19 #12;1 MISSION AND OBJECTIVES 3 Preamble This Code of the Department of Computer

  11. Example of Environmental Restoration Code of Accounts

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This chapter describes the fundamental structure of an example remediation cost code system, lists and describes the Level 1 cost codes, and lists the Level 2 and Level 3 cost codes.

  12. Arkansas Underground Injection Control Code (Arkansas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Arkansas Underground Injection Control Code (UIC code) is adopted pursuant to the provisions of the Arkansas Water and Air Pollution Control Act (Arkansas Code Annotated 8-5-11). It is the...

  13. Codeword Stabilized Quantum Codes and Their Error Correction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yunfan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    5.1.4 Generic CWS codes . . . . . . . . . . .USt codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Quantum Codes 2.1 Notations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2

  14. Algebraic list-decoding of error-correcting codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parvaresh, Farzad

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Solomon codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2.2 Guruswami-Simple trivariate codes and theirdecoding . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3.1 Code parameters and

  15. Radiative $?_{Q}^{*}\\rightarrow?_{Q}?$ and $?_{Q}^{*}\\rightarrow?^{\\prime}_{Q}?$ transitions in light cone QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. M. Aliev; K. Azizi; H. Sundu

    2014-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We calculate the magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moments associated with the radiative $\\Omega_{Q}^{*}\\rightarrow\\Omega_{Q}\\gamma$ and $\\Xi_{Q}^{*}\\rightarrow\\Xi^{\\prime}_{Q}\\gamma$ transitions with $Q=b$ or $c$ in the framework of light cone QCD sum rules. It is found that the corresponding quadrupole moments are negligibly small while the magnetic dipole moments are considerably large. A comparison of the results on the considered multipole moments as well as corresponding decay widths with the predictions of the vector dominance model is performed.

  16. Process of welding gamma prime-strengthened nickel-base superalloys

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Speigel, Lyle B.; White, Raymond Alan; Murphy, John Thomas; Nowak, Daniel Anthony

    2003-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A process for welding superalloys, and particularly articles formed of gamma prime-strengthened nickel-base superalloys whose chemistries and/or microstructures differ. The process entails forming the faying surface of at least one of the articles to have a cladding layer of a filler material. The filler material may have a composition that is different from both of the articles, or the same as one of the articles. The cladding layer is machined to promote mating of the faying surfaces, after which the faying surfaces are mated and the articles welded together. After cooling, the welded assembly is free of thermally-induced cracks.

  17. U.S. Energy Information Administration/Prime Supplier Report, April 2015 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron Spin Transition in2,EHSSCoal Production andOrigin219: Wind EnergyPrime

  18. Budget/Object Codes -REVENUE Budget/Object Codes -REVENUE BUDGET/OBJECT BUDGET/OBJECT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selmic, Sandra

    Budget/Object Codes -REVENUE Budget/Object Codes - REVENUE BUDGET/OBJECT BUDGET/OBJECT BUDGET CODE DESCRIPTION BUDGET CODE DESCRIPTION 01 30 0101 On-Campus-Full Time 3001 Federal Program 0102 On APPROPRIATIONS #12;Budget/Object Codes -REVENUE Budget/Object Codes - REVENUE BUDGET/OBJECT BUDGET/OBJECT BUDGET

  19. The Cost of Enforcing Building Energy Codes: Phase 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Alison

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    practices among code officials. Stakeholders recommendboth applicants and code officials and help to inform thecomply with the code and code officials to enforce the new

  20. Gas Code of Conduct (Connecticut)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Gas Code of Conduct sets forth the standard of conduct for transactions, direct or indirect, between gas companies and their affiliates. The purpose of these regulations is to promote...

  1. Commercial Building Codes and Standards

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Once an energy-efficient technology or practice is widely available in the market, it can become the baseline of performance through building energy codes and equipment standards. The Building...

  2. Montana Coal Mining Code (Montana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Department of Labor and Industry is authorized to adopt rules pertaining to safety standards for all coal mines in the state. The Code requires coal mine operators to make an accurate map or...

  3. Fuel cycle code, "FUELMOVE III"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sovka, Jerry Alois

    1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Further modifications to the fuel cycle code FUELMOVE are described which were made in an attempt to obtain results for reflected reactors operated under batch, outin, and bidirectional fueling schemes. Numerical methods ...

  4. ITP Industrial Distributed Energy: Combined Heat & Power (CHP...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    City OpYear Prime Mover Capacity (kW) Fuel Class 1 Sparks Regional Medical Center AR Fort Smith 1986 ERENG 8,500 NG 2 Tucson Medical Center Heating & Cooling AZ Tucson 1989 CT 750...

  5. Development and use of an interactive computer simulation for generalized technical and economic assessments of cogeneration systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baxter, Geoffrey R.

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    comprehensive sensitivity analysis were completed to demonstrate the employment of the simulation program. The simulation can model cogeneration systems using either a gas turbine, internal combustion (IC) engine or steam turbine prime mover for both electrical...

  6. Development and use of an interactive computer simulation for generalized technical and economic assessments of cogeneration systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baxter, Geoffrey R.

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    comprehensive sensitivity analysis were completed to demonstrate the employment of the simulation program. The simulation can model cogeneration systems using either a gas turbine, internal combustion (IC) engine or steam turbine prime mover for both electrical...

  7. Approaches Toward Achieving Optimum Efficiency in Rerates of Large Centrifugal Compressors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rudisel, D. A.

    Centrifugal compressors are commonly used within the process industries as prime movers. For many years, plants have been designed with "single train", unspared, major machinery in order to reduce construction, operating, and maintenance costs...

  8. ACEEE International Journal on Control System and Instrumentation, Vol. 1, No. 1, July 2010 State Of The Art of Electronic Load Controller

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    is connected in the stator winding it can generate voltage. Here the prime mover characteristic is calibrated. This prompted the use of the wind and solar energy to cope with energy crises. In such areas, Self excited

  9. Oil and Gas Lease Equipment and Operating Costs 1994 Through...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    be dominant for each depth in each region. The two types of prime movers considered were electric motors and natural gas engines. Annual operating costs were estimated for daily...

  10. NREL: Energy Systems Integration - Physical Scales of Energy...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    heat and power system uses a fuel, such as natural gas, to power a prime mover, such as a gas turbine, to which an electric generator is attached. Waste heat from an existing...

  11. Assessing Vehicle Electricity Demand Impacts on California Electricity Supply

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarthy, Ryan W.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for the boom: a simulation study of power plant constructionLEDGE-CA simulations, about 22 GW of NGCT power plants arepower plant type (by prime mover), location, and ownership. Simulation

  12. Hybrid powertrain system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Grillo, Ricardo C.; O'Neil, Walter K.; Preston, David M.

    2005-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    A hybrid powertrain system is provided that includes a first prime mover having a rotational output, a second prime mover having a rotational output, and a transmission having a main shaft supporting at least two main shaft gears thereon. The transmission includes a first independent countershaft drivingly connected to the first prime mover and including at least one ratio gear supported thereon that meshes with a respective main shaft gear. A second independent countershaft is drivingly connected to the second prime mover and includes at least one ratio gear supported thereon that meshes with a respective main shaft gear. The ratio gears on the first and second countershafts cooperate with the main shaft gears to provide at least one gear ratio between the first and second countershafts and the main shaft. A shift control mechanism selectively engages and disengages the first and second countershafts for rotation with the main shaft.

  13. An Integrated Security-constrained Model-based Dynamic Power Management Approach for Isolated Microgrid Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mashayekh, Salman

    2013-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Prime Mover and Control GeneratorExcitation System and Control Shaft Power Field Current Voltage Speed / Power Speed Generating Unit Controls – Unit 1 Reactive Power and Voltage Control HVDC Transmission and Associated Controls System Generation...

  14. Cogeneration Energy Profitability from the Energy User and Third-Party Viewpoint

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polsky, M. P.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    between the prime mover efficiency and cogeneration operating profits is given. Optimum sizing philosophies for the cogeneration plant from both the energy user and the third party positions are presented. Several unique graphs are provided to illustrate...

  15. LATTICE: AN INTERACTIVE LATTICE COMPUTER CODE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Staples, John

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    4500-R65 I LATTICE AN INTERACTIVE LATTICE COMPUTER CODE Johnr LBL-4843 LATTICE An interactive lattice computer code Johncode which enables an interactive user to calculate the

  16. Building Energy Codes Collaborative Technical Assistance for...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    State Energy Officials - 2014 BTO Peer Review Southeast Energy Efficiency Alliance's Building Energy Codes Project Reducing Energy Demand in Buildings Through State Energy Codes...

  17. Program School/ Career: Descripton ISIS Program Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    Program School/ Career: Descripton ISIS Program Codes Program Career: Descripton College School;Program School/ Career: Descripton ISIS Program Codes Program Career: Descripton College School/ College 1

  18. Building Energy Code | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Building Codes Assistance Project (BCAP). For more detailed information about building energy codes, visit the http:www.energycodes.govstates DOE and http:...

  19. Quantum stabilizer codes and beyond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarvepalli, Pradeep Kiran

    2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    QUANTUM STABILIZER CODES AND BEYOND A Dissertation by PRADEEP KIRAN SARVEPALLI Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY August 2008 Major... Subject: Computer Science QUANTUM STABILIZER CODES AND BEYOND A Dissertation by PRADEEP KIRAN SARVEPALLI Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY...

  20. Edge equilibrium code for tokamaks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Xujing [Institute of Computational Mathematics and Scientific/Engineering Computing, Academy of Mathematics and Systems Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 2719, Beijing 100190 (China)] [Institute of Computational Mathematics and Scientific/Engineering Computing, Academy of Mathematics and Systems Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 2719, Beijing 100190 (China); Zakharov, Leonid E. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory Princeton, MS-27 P.O. Box 451, New Jersey (United States)] [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory Princeton, MS-27 P.O. Box 451, New Jersey (United States); Drozdov, Vladimir V. [Euratom/CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon OX14 3DB (United Kingdom)] [Euratom/CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon OX14 3DB (United Kingdom)

    2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The edge equilibrium code (EEC) described in this paper is developed for simulations of the near edge plasma using the finite element method. It solves the Grad-Shafranov equation in toroidal coordinate and uses adaptive grids aligned with magnetic field lines. Hermite finite elements are chosen for the numerical scheme. A fast Newton scheme which is the same as implemented in the equilibrium and stability code (ESC) is applied here to adjust the grids.

  1. Graphical Quantum Error-Correcting Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sixia Yu; Qing Chen; C. H. Oh

    2007-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce a purely graph-theoretical object, namely the coding clique, to construct quantum errorcorrecting codes. Almost all quantum codes constructed so far are stabilizer (additive) codes and the construction of nonadditive codes, which are potentially more efficient, is not as well understood as that of stabilizer codes. Our graphical approach provides a unified and classical way to construct both stabilizer and nonadditive codes. In particular we have explicitly constructed the optimal ((10,24,3)) code and a family of 1-error detecting nonadditive codes with the highest encoding rate so far. In the case of stabilizer codes a thorough search becomes tangible and we have classified all the extremal stabilizer codes up to 8 qubits.

  2. Codeword stabilized quantum codes on subsystems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeonghwan Shin; Jun Heo; Todd A. Brun

    2012-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Codeword stabilized quantum codes provide a unified approach to constructing quantum error-correcting codes, including both additive and non-additive quantum codes. Standard codeword stabilized quantum codes encode quantum information into subspaces. The more general notion of encoding quantum information into a subsystem is known as an operator (or subsystem) quantum error correcting code. Most operator codes studied to date are based in the usual stabilizer formalism. We introduce operator quantum codes based on the codeword stabilized quantum code framework. Based on the necessary and sufficient conditions for operator quantum error correction, we derive a error correction condition for operator codeword stabilized quantum codes. Based on this condition, the word operators of a operator codeword stabilized quantum code are constructed from a set of classical binary errors induced by generators of the gauge group. We use this scheme to construct examples of both additive and non-additive codes that encode quantum information into a subsystem.

  3. Measurement of the Spectral Function of $^{40}$Ar through the $(e,e^\\prime p)$ reaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Ankowski; R. Beminiwattha; O. Benhar; D. G. Crabb; D. B. Day; F. Garibaldi; G. Garvey; D. Gaskell; C. Giusti; O. Hansen; D. W. Higinbotham; R. Holmes; C. M. Jen; X. Jiang; D. Keller; C. E. Keppel; R. Lindgren; J. M. Link; N. Liyanage; C. Mariani; A. Meucci; G. B. Mills; L. Myers; M. L. Pitt; O. A. Rondon; M. Sakuda; B. Sawatzky; P. A. Souder; G. M. Urciuoli; S. Wood; J. Zhang

    2014-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The interpretation of the signals detected by high precision experiments aimed at measuring neutrino oscillations requires an accurate description of the neutrino-nucleus cross sections. One of the key element of the analysis is the treatment of nuclear effects, which is one of the main sources of systematics for accelerator based experiments such as the Long Baseline Neutrino Experiment (LBNE). A considerable effort is currently being made to develop theoretical models capable of providing a fully quantitative description of the neutrino-nucleus cross sections in the kinematical regime relevant to LBNE. The approach based on nuclear many-body theory and the spectral function formalism has proved very successful in explaining the available electron scattering data in a variety of kinematical conditions. The first step towards its application to the analysis of neutrino data is the derivation of the spectral functions of nuclei employed in neutrino detectors, in particular argon. We propose a measurement of the coincidence $(e,e^\\prime p)$ cross section on argon. This data will provide the experimental input indispensable to construct the argon spectral function, thus paving the way for a reliable estimate of the neutrino cross sections. In addition, the analysis of the $(e,e^\\prime p)$ data will help a number of theoretical developments, like the description of final-state interactions needed to isolate the initial-state contributions to the observed single-particle peaks, that is also needed for the interpretation of the signal detected in neutrino experiments.

  4. Investigation of the source term in a surry TMLB{prime} sequence using VICTORIA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bixler, N.E.; Erickson, C.M. [Sandia National Lab., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Schaperow, J.H. [Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The VICTORIA-92 code is a mechanistic computer code designed to analyze fission product behavior within a reactor coolant system (RCS) during a severe reactor accident. It provides detailed predictions of the release of radionuclides and nonradioactive materials from the core and transport of these materials within the RCS. These predictions account for the chemical and aerosol processes that affect radionuclide behavior. Coupling of detailed chemistry and aerosol packages is a unique feature of VICTORIA: it allows exploration of issues involving deposition, revaporization, and reentrainment that cannot be resolved with other codes.

  5. Presented by Campus Services Object Code Classifications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephens, Graeme L.

    ) Decrease expense from the wrong object code (From) Example: Expensed a service contract that covered 12

  6. Michigan Technological University_010114 R 10/25/13 Group Number: 71571 Package Code(s): 040 045 Section Code(s): 4000 4200

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Section Code(s): 4000 4200 PPO - HuskyCare HDHP Benefits-at-a-Glance Michigan Technological University In% after deductible Maternity Services Provided by a Physician Prenatal and Postnatal Care Visits CoveredMichigan Technological University_010114 R 10/25/13 Group Number: 71571 Package Code(s): 040 045

  7. The environment and ASME performance test codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bannister, R.L. [Westinghouse Electric Corp., Orlando, FL (United States); Macak, J.J. III [Mostardi-Platt Associates, Inc., Elmhurst, IL (United States); Newby, R.A. [Westinghouse Science and Technology Center, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Today, federal, state and local governmental agencies have enacted comprehensive legislation on power generation emission limits which affects all aspects of the energy sector. This paper reviews the indirect impact of Performance Test Codes on environmental testing, reviewing past, current, and future practices. Existing codes and three new codes currently under development will be cited along with possible future code development.

  8. SECTION GS1020 CONSTRUCTION CODE REQUIREMENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Yuanlin

    101, Life Safety Code; 5. National Fire Protection Association Codes and Standards; 6. ANSI/ASME A17SECTION GS1020 ­ CONSTRUCTION CODE REQUIREMENTS PART 1 - GENERAL 1.1 RELATED DOCUMENTS A. Drawings includes the following: 1. Construction code requirements for all construction at Texas Tech University. 1

  9. A simple family of nonadditive quantum codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John A. Smolin; Graeme Smith; Stephanie Wehner

    2007-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Most known quantum codes are additive, meaning the codespace can be described as the simultaneous eigenspace of an abelian subgroup of the Pauli group. While in some scenarios such codes are strictly suboptimal, very little is understood about how to construct nonadditive codes with good performance. Here we present a family of nonadditive quantum codes for all odd blocklengths, n, that has a particularly simple form. Our codes correct single qubit erasures while encoding a higher dimensional space than is possible with an additive code or, for n of 11 or greater, any previous codes.

  10. ASME Code Efforts Supporting HTGRs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D.K. Morton

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1999, an international collaborative initiative for the development of advanced (Generation IV) reactors was started. The idea behind this effort was to bring nuclear energy closer to the needs of sustainability, to increase proliferation resistance, and to support concepts able to produce energy (both electricity and process heat) at competitive costs. The U.S. Department of Energy has supported this effort by pursuing the development of the Next Generation Nuclear Plant, a high temperature gas-cooled reactor. This support has included research and development of pertinent data, initial regulatory discussions, and engineering support of various codes and standards development. This report discusses the various applicable American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) codes and standards that are being developed to support these high temperature gascooled reactors during construction and operation. ASME is aggressively pursuing these codes and standards to support an international effort to build the next generation of advanced reactors so that all can benefit.

  11. Parallization of Stellar Atmosphere Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Hoeflich

    2002-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Parallel computing has turned out to be the enabling technology to solve complex physical systems. However, the transition from shared memory, vector computers to massively parallel, distributed memory systems and, recently, to hybrid systems poses new challenges to the scientist. We want to present a cook-book (with a very strong, personal bias) based on our experience with parallization of our existing codes. Some of the general tools and communication libraries are discussed. Our approach includes a mixture of algorithm, domain and physical module based parallization. The advantages, scalability and limitations of each are discussed at some examples. We want show that it becomes easier to write parallel code with increasing complexity of the physical problem making stellar atmosphere codes beyond the classical assumptions very suitable.

  12. ASME Code Efforts Supporting HTGRs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D.K. Morton

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1999, an international collaborative initiative for the development of advanced (Generation IV) reactors was started. The idea behind this effort was to bring nuclear energy closer to the needs of sustainability, to increase proliferation resistance, and to support concepts able to produce energy (both electricity and process heat) at competitive costs. The U.S. Department of Energy has supported this effort by pursuing the development of the Next Generation Nuclear Plant, a high temperature gas-cooled reactor. This support has included research and development of pertinent data, initial regulatory discussions, and engineering support of various codes and standards development. This report discusses the various applicable American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) codes and standards that are being developed to support these high temperature gascooled reactors during construction and operation. ASME is aggressively pursuing these codes and standards to support an international effort to build the next generation of advanced reactors so that all can benefit.

  13. ASME Code Efforts Supporting HTGRs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D.K. Morton

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1999, an international collaborative initiative for the development of advanced (Generation IV) reactors was started. The idea behind this effort was to bring nuclear energy closer to the needs of sustainability, to increase proliferation resistance, and to support concepts able to produce energy (both electricity and process heat) at competitive costs. The U.S. Department of Energy has supported this effort by pursuing the development of the Next Generation Nuclear Plant, a high temperature gas-cooled reactor. This support has included research and development of pertinent data, initial regulatory discussions, and engineering support of various codes and standards development. This report discusses the various applicable American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) codes and standards that are being developed to support these high temperature gascooled reactors during construction and operation. ASME is aggressively pursuing these codes and standards to support an international effort to build the next generation of advanced reactors so that all can benefit.

  14. Light-water reactor safety analysis codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jackson, J.F.; Ransom, V.H.; Ybarrondo, L.J.; Liles, D.R.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A brief review of the evolution of light-water reactor safety analysis codes is presented. Included is a summary comparison of the technical capabilities of major system codes. Three recent codes are described in more detail to serve as examples of currently used techniques. Example comparisons between calculated results using these codes and experimental data are given. Finally, a brief evaluation of current code capability and future development trends is presented.

  15. Isothermal Martensitic and Pressure-Induced Delta to Alpha-Prime Phase Transformations in a Pu-Ga Alloy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schwartz, A J; Wall, M A; Farber, D L; Moore, K T; Blobaum, K M

    2008-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A well-homogenized Pu-2 at.% Ga alloy can be retained in the metastable face-centered cubic {delta} phase at room temperature. Ultimately, this metastable {delta} phase will decompose via a eutectoid transformation to the thermodynamically stable monoclinic {alpha} phase and the intermetallic compound Pu{sub 3}Ga over a period of approximately 10,000 years [1]. In addition, these low solute-containing {delta}-phase Pu alloys are metastable with respect to an isothermal martensitic phase transformation to the {alpha}{prime} phase during low temperature excursions [2, 3] and are also metastable with respect to a {delta} {yields} {alpha}{prime} phase transformation with increases in pressure [3-5]. The low temperature {delta} {yields} {alpha}{prime} isothermal martensitic phase transformation in the Pu-2 at.% Ga alloy only goes to {approx}25% completion with the resultant {approx}20 {micro}m long by 2 {micro}m wide lath-shaped {alpha}{prime} particles dispersed within the {delta} matrix. In recently reported studies, Faure et al. [4] have observed a {delta} {yields} {gamma} {yields} {alpha}{prime} pressure-induced phase transformation sequence during a diamond anvil cell investigation and, based on x-ray diffraction and density and compressibility experiments, Harbur [5] has concluded that both {alpha}{prime} and an amorphous phase are present in samples that were pressurized and recovered. In this work, a large volume moissanite anvil cell is constructed to permit the pressurization and recovery of specimens of a size suitable for TEM and electron diffraction studies. The cell, shown in Fig. 1, has an overall diameter of 101.6 mm, a moissanite anvil diameter of 9.00 mm, a culet size of 3 mm, and a spring steel gasket 0.5 mm thick with a hole diameter of 2.5 mm. A 2.3 mm diameter by 100 {micro}m thick sample of {delta}-phase Pu-2 at.% Ga is compressed at a rate of approximately 0.05 GPa/minute to {approx}1 GPa to induce the phase transformation to {alpha}{prime}. Optical microscopy of the recovered specimen reveals a very fine microstructure that appears to be single phase, although the resolution of this technique is insufficient to differentiate between single and multiple phases if the grain size is below approximately 1 {micro}m. X-ray diffraction, using a laboratory Cu K{sub {alpha}} source with wavelength of 1.542{angstrom}, shows the monoclinic reflections from the {alpha}{prime} phase, strong peaks from the aluminum specimen holder, and weak peaks from the face-centered cubic {delta} phase as shown in Fig. 2. The recovered specimen is prepared for TEM and electron diffraction studies as described in Moore et al. [6]. TEM reveals small regions of {delta} phase with a very high dislocation density interspersed between the 10-100's nm {alpha}{prime} grains as shown in Fig. 3. Electron diffraction, shown in the insert in Fig. 3, clearly reveals the presence of the {delta} phase. This microstructure is in contrast to the {alpha}{prime} particles that form as a result of the low-temperature isothermal martensite in which the {alpha}{prime} particles are lath-shaped and significantly larger as shown in the optical micrograph in Fig. 4 of a sample cooled to -120 C and held for 10 hours. In these preliminary results, there is no evidence of either an amorphous phase, as suggested by Harbur [5], or the presence of a {gamma} phase. We expected to observe an amorphous phase based on the similarity of this experiment to that of Harbur [5]. It is possible that the {gamma} phase, as reported by Faure et al. [4], does form as an intermediate, but it is not retained to ambient pressure.

  16. Energy Codes and the Landlord-Tenant Problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papineau, Maya

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the International Energy Conservation Code 2000 edition (in The International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) is

  17. Turbo Codes are Low Density Parity Check Codes David J. C. MacKay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacKay, David J.C.

    Turbo Codes are Low Density Parity Check Codes David J. C. MacKay July 8, 1998--- Draft 0.2, not for distribution! (First draft written July 5, 1998) Abstract Turbo codes and Gallager codes (also known as low note that the parity check matrix of a Turbo code can be written as low density parity check matrix

  18. IEEE VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY CONFERENCE SPRING, 2003 1 Space-Time Block Coding applied to Turbo Coded

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    IEEE VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY CONFERENCE SPRING, 2003 1 Space-Time Block Coding applied to Turbo Coded and a Turbo Code (TC) as channel code. MC-CDMA is likely to be one of the most promising access technique. Then, since Turbo Coded MC-CDMA was demonstrated to be very efficient for a Single Input Single Output

  19. Validation issues for SSI codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Philippacopoulos, A.J.

    1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper describes the results of a recent work which was performed to verify computer code predictions in the SSI area. The first part of the paper is concerned with analytic solutions of the system response. The mathematical derivations are reasonably reduced by the use of relatively simple models which capture fundamental ingredients of the physics of the system motion while allowing for the response to be obtained analytically. Having established explicit forms of the system response, numerical solutions from three computer codes are presented in comparative format.

  20. Texas Energy Code Compliance Collaborative

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herbert, C.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    document these practices? What is the role of alternative code compliance programs like EnergyStar? What is the role of third party inspectors? 15 ESL-KT-13-12-29 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec... Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 7 Source: ACEEE Building Energy Codes Program 2010 ESL-KT-13-12-29 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 Residential (Single Family Residences And Duplexes...

  1. The Riemann zeta-function and its relationship to the distribution of the prime numbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mailloux, Ronald Louis

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    = y. Let u = y + A v; each side of (4. 7) is equal to A(n+I-y) f [K(y + A v) ? 1]e ( ? ) dv. (4. 8) v ? Ay G tends to G uniformly in Re(s) & 1. Hence by (4. 6), (4. 7) and (4. 8) n we see 13 -1 . 2 ( 1 ) ] s 1 ?(?nv) d 0(l) -Xy v ? y... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1975 Major Subject: Mathematics THL' RIF24QIN ZETA-FUNCTION AND ITS RELATIONSHIP TO THE DISTBIB(JTION OF THE PRIME NO(HERS A Thesis by RONALD LOJJIS MAILLOUX Approved as t, & style ar. d. content by: ( . s. irman oi' C...

  2. Increased contraction frequency in rat uterine strips treated in vitro with o,p prime -DDT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Juberg, D.R.; Loch-Caruso, R. (Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor (United States))

    1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Elevated levels of DDT and other organochlorine pesticides have been associated with spontaneous abortion and preterm birth in several species, including humans. Despite the prevalence of organochlorine pesticides in the environment, a mechanistic basis for this association has not been explored. Furthermore, while DDT has been associated with inhibition of calcium ATPases, altered gap junctional communication and electrophysiological changes, all of which could affect the excitation-contraction process characteristic of smooth muscle, direct effects of DDT on uterine smooth muscle have not been reported. This study was initiated to assess the direct effects of o,p{prime}-DDT (an estrogenic isomer present in the technical grade preparation) on pregnant rat uterine tissue.

  3. Enhanced Adhesion of EVA Laminates to Primed Glass Substrates Subjected to Damp-Heat Exposure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pern, F. J.; Jorgensen, G. J.

    2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigated the effectiveness of glass-surface priming to promote enhanced adhesion of EVA laminates during damp-heat exposure at 85 C and 85% relative humidity. The primary objective was to develop advanced encapsulant formulations by incorporation of various primer formulations that exhibit improved adhesion during damp-heat exposure. Several primer formulations were identified that greatly enhanced the EVA adhesion strength, including to the extent that peeling could not be initiated, even for the laminates of the glass substrate/fast-cure EVA15295P/TPE backsheet (a Tedlar/polyester/EVA tri-laminate) that were exposed in a damp-heat test chamber for more than 750 h. The results show that a synergistic increase in the interfacial hydrophobicity, siloxane density, and cross-linking density are the key attributes to the improvement in the EVA adhesion strength.

  4. Probabilistic approach to the distribution of primes and to the proof of Legendre and Elliott-Halberstam conjectures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victor Volfson

    2015-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Probabilistic models for the distribution of primes in the natural numbers are constructed in the article. The author found and proved the probabilistic estimates of the deviation $R(x)=|\\pi(x)- Li(x)|$. The author has analyzed the probabilistic models of the distribution of primes in the natural numbers and affirmed the validity of the probabilistic estimates of proved deviations $R(x)$ stronger than the estimates made under the assumption of Riemann conjecture. Legendre's conjecture was proved in this paper with probability arbitrarily close to 1 based on the probability estimates. Probabilistic models for the distribution of primes in the arithmetic progression $ki+l, (k,l)=1$ are also built in this paper. The author has proved the probability estimates for the deviation $R(x,k,l)=|\\pi(x,k, l)-Li(x)/\\varphi(k)|$. He has analyzed the probability models of the distribution of primes in the arithmetic progression and affirmed the validity of probabilistic estimates of proved deviations $R(x,k,l)$ stronger than the estimates made under the assumption of the extended Riemann conjecture. Elliott-Halberstam conjecture $\\sum_{1 \\leq k \\leq x^a} {\\max_{(k,l)=1}[R(x,k,l)]} \\leq C x/\\ln^A(x)$ was proved in this paper with probability arbitrarily close to 1 for all $00$, based on the probability estimates.

  5. Semiclassical Distorted Wave Model Analysis of Backward Proton Emission from $(p,p^{\\prime}x)$ Reactions at Intermediate Energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. K. Gaidarov; Y. Watanabe; K. Ogata; M. Kohno; M. Kawai; A. N. Antonov

    2003-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A semiclassical distorted wave (SCDW) model with Wigner transform of one-body density matrix is presented for multistep direct $(p,p^{\\prime}x)$ reactions to the continuum. The model uses Wigner distribution functions obtained in methods which include nucleon-nucleon correlations to a different extent, as well as Woods-Saxon (WS) single-particle wave function. The higher momentum components of target nucleons that play a crucial role in reproducing the high-energy part of the backward proton spectra are properly taken into account. This SCDW model is applied to analyses of multistep direct processes in $^{12}$C$(p,p^{\\prime}x)$, $^{40}$Ca$(p,p^{\\prime}x)$ and $^{90}$Zr$(p,p^{\\prime}x)$ in the incident energy range of 150--392 MeV. The double differential cross sections are calculated up to three-step processes. The calculated angular distributions are in good agreement with the experimental data, in particular at backward angles where the previous SCDW calculations with the WS single-particle wave function showed large underestimation. It is found that the result with the Wigner distribution function based on the coherent density fluctuation model provides overall better agreement with the experimental data over the whole emission energies.

  6. PRIME ORDER SUBGROUPS OF MAPPING CLASS GROUPS YU QING CHEN, HENRY H. GLOVER, AND CRAIG A. JENSEN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jensen, Craig A.

    PRIME ORDER SUBGROUPS OF MAPPING CLASS GROUPS YU QING CHEN, HENRY H. GLOVER, AND CRAIG A. JENSEN groups. Date: September 16, 2007. 1 #12;2 Y. Q. CHEN, H. H. GLOVER, AND C. JENSEN 2. The canonical points. Figure 4. Action of Z/3 on S1 = T with 3 fixed points. #12;4 Y. Q. CHEN, H. H. GLOVER, AND C

  7. Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy, the Hanford Site Prime Contractors, and the Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    :30 ­ 11:15 "Future at Hanford: Energy Update /Community Outlook" Gary Peterson, Matt McCormick, MikeSponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy, the Hanford Site Prime Contractors, and the Pacific, municipalities, and state & federal agencies Networking opportunities with public and private sector decision

  8. Negative priming, the slowed responding to a target that has recently appeared as a distractor, has been a major

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foerde, Karin

    from memory retrieval of the prime distractor during the probe trial (Neill, Valdes, Terry, & Gorfein. This research was supported by internal grants and a sabbatical awarded by Santa Clara University to P. M. S. We re- viewer for suggestions. Correspondence regarding this article should be addressed to P. M. Simone

  9. Degenerate Quantum Codes for Pauli Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graeme Smith; John A. Smolin

    2006-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

    A striking feature of quantum error correcting codes is that they can sometimes be used to correct more errors than they can uniquely identify. Such degenerate codes have long been known, but have remained poorly understood. We provide a heuristic for designing degenerate quantum codes for high noise rates, which is applied to generate codes that can be used to communicate over almost any Pauli channel at rates that are impossible for a nondegenerate code. The gap between nondegenerate and degenerate code performance is quite large, in contrast to the tiny magnitude of the only previous demonstration of this effect. We also identify a channel for which none of our codes outperform the best nondegenerate code and show that it is nevertheless quite unlike any channel for which nondegenerate codes are known to be optimal.

  10. Ptolemy Coding Style Christopher Brooks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ptolemy Coding Style Christopher Brooks Edward A. Lee Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences was supported in part by the iCyPhy Research Center (Industrial Cyber-Physical Systems, supported by IBM (Industrial Cyber-Physical Systems, supported by IBM and United Technologies), and the Center for Hybrid

  11. Free Energy Code Online Discussion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Free Energy Code Online Discussion for Building Department Personnel Join us for this FREE 90 Bruce Cheney from Anchors Aweigh Energy, LLC want to hear from YOU on residential HVAC changeout issues of the California Energy Commission. Date: 3 dates currently offered, choose the one that works for you

  12. WESTERN MICHIGAN UNIVERSITY STUDENT CODE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Doncker, Elise

    WESTERN MICHIGAN UNIVERSITY STUDENT CODE Approved by The Western Michigan University Board Michigan University Kalamazoo, MI 49008 Effective August 2008 #12;A UNIVERSITY COMMUNITY IS... ...a for the Advancement of Teaching; Ernest L. Boyer (frwd.); Princeton, New Jersey; 1990 #12;WESTERN MICHIGAN UNIVERSITY

  13. Two-Layer Error Control Codes Combining Rectangular and Hamming Product Codes for Cache Error

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Meilin

    We propose a novel two-layer error control code, combining error detection capability of rectangular codes and error correction capability of Hamming product codes in an efficient way, in order to increase cache error ...

  14. Code Booster Award-winning research on code optimization explores multicore computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knowles, David William

    May 2008 Code Booster Award-winning research on code optimization explores multicore computing paper exploring ways to make a popular scientific analysis code run smoothly on different types of multicore computers. SamuelWilliams,aresearcherfromBerkeleyLab'sComputational

  15. SEE ADDENDUM IS CHECKED CODE 18a. PAYMENT WILL BE MADE BY CODE

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    SEE ADDENDUM IS CHECKED CODE 18a. PAYMENT WILL BE MADE BY CODE FACILITY CODE 17b. CHECK IF REMITTANCE IS DIFFERENT AND PUT SUCH ADDRESS IN OFFER OFFEROR 00146 Casper WY 82601 Shale...

  16. Bounds on Effective Hamiltonians for Stabilizer Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephen S. Bullock; Dianne P. O'Leary

    2008-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

    This manuscript introduces various notions of k-locality of stabilizer codes inherited from the associated stabilizer groups. A choice of generators for the group leads to a Hamiltonian with the code in its groundspace, while a Hamiltonian holding the code in its groundspace might be called effective if its locality is less than that of a natural choice of generators (or any choice). This paper establishes some conditions under which effective Hamiltonians for stabilizer codes do not exist. Our results simplify in the cases of Calderbank-Shor-Steane stabilizer codes and topologically-ordered stabilizer codes arising from surface cellulations.

  17. Quantum Stabilizer Codes Embedding Qubits Into Qudits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlo Cafaro; Federico Maiolini; Stefano Mancini

    2012-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We study, by means of the stabilizer formalism, a quantum error correcting code which is alternative to the standard block codes since it embeds a qubit into a qudit. The code exploits the non-commutative geometry of discrete phase space to protect the qubit against both amplitude and phase errors. The performance of such code is evaluated on Weyl channels by means of the entanglement fidelity as function of the error probability. A comparison with standard block codes, like five and seven qubit stabilizer codes, shows its superiority.

  18. Trellis coded vector quantization for the intraframe coding of images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chauvin, Todd Henry

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    quantization in both conligurations. The design algo- rithm is also developed for the case of a, constrainl, on the entropy of the channel indices. Performance is evaluated by computer simulation for a variety of encoding rates, number of trellis states.... Rate Expansion . 2. Set Partitioning 3. Viterbi Encoding . C. Codebook Design 15 15 17 17 23 28 29 IV PREDICTIVE TRELLIS CODED VECTOR QUANTIZATION. . . 30 A. Implementation Structure . B. Design of Predictive TCVQ Coders 1. Vector...

  19. An implicit Smooth Particle Hydrodynamic code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Charles E. Knapp

    2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An implicit version of the Smooth Particle Hydrodynamic (SPH) code SPHINX has been written and is working. In conjunction with the SPHINX code the new implicit code models fluids and solids under a wide range of conditions. SPH codes are Lagrangian, meshless and use particles to model the fluids and solids. The implicit code makes use of the Krylov iterative techniques for solving large linear-systems and a Newton-Raphson method for non-linear corrections. It uses numerical derivatives to construct the Jacobian matrix. It uses sparse techniques to save on memory storage and to reduce the amount of computation. It is believed that this is the first implicit SPH code to use Newton-Krylov techniques, and is also the first implicit SPH code to model solids. A description of SPH and the techniques used in the implicit code are presented. Then, the results of a number of tests cases are discussed, which include a shock tube problem, a Rayleigh-Taylor problem, a breaking dam problem, and a single jet of gas problem. The results are shown to be in very good agreement with analytic solutions, experimental results, and the explicit SPHINX code. In the case of the single jet of gas case it has been demonstrated that the implicit code can do a problem in much shorter time than the explicit code. The problem was, however, very unphysical, but it does demonstrate the potential of the implicit code. It is a first step toward a useful implicit SPH code.

  20. Quantifying the Performance of Quantum Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Cafaro; S. L'Innocente; C. Lupo; S. Mancini

    2011-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the properties of error correcting codes for noise models in the presence of asymmetries and/or correlations by means of the entanglement fidelity and the code entropy. First, we consider a dephasing Markovian memory channel and characterize the performance of both a repetition code and an error avoiding code in terms of the entanglement fidelity. We also consider the concatenation of such codes and show that it is especially advantageous in the regime of partial correlations. Finally, we characterize the effectiveness of the codes and their concatenation by means of the code entropy and find, in particular, that the effort required for recovering such codes decreases when the error probability decreases and the memory parameter increases. Second, we consider both symmetric and asymmetric depolarizing noisy quantum memory channels and perform quantum error correction via the five qubit stabilizer code. We characterize this code by means of the entanglement fidelity and the code entropy as function of the asymmetric error probabilities and the degree of memory. Specifically, we uncover that while the asymmetry in the depolarizing errors does not affect the entanglement fidelity of the five qubit code, it becomes a relevant feature when the code entropy is used as a performance quantifier.

  1. Design of additive quantum codes via the code-word-stabilized framework

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kovalev, Alexey A.; Pryadko, Leonid P. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Riverside, California 92521 (United States); Dumer, Ilya [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of California, Riverside, California 92521 (United States)

    2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider design of the quantum stabilizer codes via a two-step, low-complexity approach based on the framework of codeword-stabilized (CWS) codes. In this framework, each quantum CWS code can be specified by a graph and a binary code. For codes that can be obtained from a given graph, we give several upper bounds on the distance of a generic (additive or nonadditive) CWS code, and the lower Gilbert-Varshamov bound for the existence of additive CWS codes. We also consider additive cyclic CWS codes and show that these codes correspond to a previously unexplored class of single-generator cyclic stabilizer codes. We present several families of simple stabilizer codes with relatively good parameters.

  2. Arkansas Air Pollution Control Code (Arkansas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Arkansas Air Pollution Control code is adopted pursuant to Subchapter 2 of the Arkansas Water and Air Pollution Control Act (Arkansas Code Annotated 8-4-101). ) By authority of the same State...

  3. Quantum error-correcting codes and devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gottesman, Daniel (Los Alamos, NM)

    2000-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of forming quantum error-correcting codes by first forming a stabilizer for a Hilbert space. A quantum information processing device can be formed to implement such quantum codes.

  4. The College Station Residential Energy Compliance Code

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Claridge, D. E.; Schrock, D.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The City of College Station, Texas adopted a new residential Energy Compliance Code in January, 1988. The code, which strengthens compliance requirements in several areas, has received broadly based support and acceptance from all major constituent...

  5. Transforms for prediction residuals in video coding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kam??l?, Fatih

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Typically the same transform, the 2-D Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT), is used to compress both image intensities in image coding and prediction residuals in video coding. Major prediction residuals include the motion ...

  6. Microsoft Word - Foreign Obligation Codes.docx

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    March 2014 Transaction Code Material Balance Code Obligation 1 31 85 Australia 32 86 Canada 33 87 EURATOM 34 88 Japan 35 89 Peoples' Republic of China 36 C1 Russia 37 A8...

  7. Evolutionary approaches toward practical network coding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Minkyu, 1976-

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There have been numerous studies showing various benefits of network coding. However, in order to have network coding widely deployed in real networks, it is also important to show that the amount of overhead incurred by ...

  8. N. Mariana Islands- Building Energy Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Much of the information presented in this summary is drawn from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program and the Building Codes Assistance Project (BCAP). For more...

  9. A Better Handoff for Code Officials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Conover, David R.; Yerkes, Sara

    2010-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy's Building Energy Codes Program has partnered with ICC to release the new Building Energy Codes Resource Guide: Code Officials Edition. We created this binder of practical materials for a simple reason: code officials are busy learning and enforcing several codes at once for the diverse buildings across their jurisdictions. This doesn’t leave much time to search www.energycodes.gov, www.iccsafe.org, or the range of other helpful web-based resources for the latest energy codes tools, support, and information. So, we decided to bring the most relevant materials to code officials in a way that works best with their daily routine, and point to where they can find even more. Like a coach’s game plan, the Resource Guide is an "energy playbook" for code officials.

  10. Green Codes and Programs | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Green Codes and Programs Green Codes and Programs Blue version of the EERE PowerPoint template, for use with PowerPoint 2007. Transcript Presentation More Documents & Publications...

  11. Constraints on the Mass and Mixing of the 4th Generation Quark From Direct CP Violation$?^{\\prime}/?$ and Rare K Decays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chao-Shang Huang; Wu-Jun Huo; Yue-Liang Wu

    2000-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the $\\epsilon^{\\prime} /\\epsilon$ for $K\\to \\pi\\pi$ in a sequential fourth generation model. By giving the basic formulae for $\\epsilon^{\\prime}/\\epsilon$ in this model, we analyze the numerical results which are dependent of $m_{t^{\\prime}}$ and imaginary part of the fourth CKM factor, ${Im}V^{*}_{t^{'}s}V_{t^{'}d}$ (or $V^{*}_{t^{'}s}V_{t^{'}d}$ and the fourth generation CKM matrix phase $\\theta$). We find that, unlike the SM, when taking the central values of all parameters for $\\epsilon^{\\prime}/\\epsilon$, the values of $\\epsilon^{\\prime}/ \\epsilon$ can easily fit to the current experimental data for all values of hadronic matrix elements estimated from various approaches. Also, we show that the experimental values of $\\epsilon^{\\prime}/\\epsilon$ and rare K decays can provide a strong constraint on both mass and mixing of the fourth generation quark. When taking the values of hadronic matrix elements from the lattice or 1/N expansion calculations, a large region of the up-type quark mass $m_{t^{\\prime}}$ is excluded.

  12. The EGS5 Code System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hirayama, Hideo; Namito, Yoshihito; /KEK, Tsukuba; Bielajew, Alex F.; Wilderman, Scott J.; U., Michigan; Nelson, Walter R.; /SLAC

    2005-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

    In the nineteen years since EGS4 was released, it has been used in a wide variety of applications, particularly in medical physics, radiation measurement studies, and industrial development. Every new user and every new application bring new challenges for Monte Carlo code designers, and code refinements and bug fixes eventually result in a code that becomes difficult to maintain. Several of the code modifications represented significant advances in electron and photon transport physics, and required a more substantial invocation than code patching. Moreover, the arcane MORTRAN3[48] computer language of EGS4, was highest on the complaint list of the users of EGS4. The size of the EGS4 user base is difficult to measure, as there never existed a formal user registration process. However, some idea of the numbers may be gleaned from the number of EGS4 manuals that were produced and distributed at SLAC: almost three thousand. Consequently, the EGS5 project was undertaken. It was decided to employ the FORTRAN 77 compiler, yet include as much as possible, the structural beauty and power of MORTRAN3. This report consists of four chapters and several appendices. Chapter 1 is an introduction to EGS5 and to this report in general. We suggest that you read it. Chapter 2 is a major update of similar chapters in the old EGS4 report[126] (SLAC-265) and the old EGS3 report[61] (SLAC-210), in which all the details of the old physics (i.e., models which were carried over from EGS4) and the new physics are gathered together. The descriptions of the new physics are extensive, and not for the faint of heart. Detailed knowledge of the contents of Chapter 2 is not essential in order to use EGS, but sophisticated users should be aware of its contents. In particular, details of the restrictions on the range of applicability of EGS are dispersed throughout the chapter. First-time users of EGS should skip Chapter 2 and come back to it later if necessary. With the release of the EGS4 version, a deliberate attempt was made to present example problems in order to help the user ''get started'', and we follow that spirit in this report. A series of elementary tutorial user codes are presented in Chapter 3, with more sophisticated sample user codes described in Chapter 4. Novice EGS users will find it helpful to read through the initial sections of the EGS5 User Manual (provided in Appendix B of this report), proceeding then to work through the tutorials in Chapter 3. The User Manuals and other materials found in the appendices contain detailed flow charts, variable lists, and subprogram descriptions of EGS5 and PEGS. Included are step-by-step instructions for developing basic EGS5 user codes and for accessing all of the physics options available in EGS5 and PEGS. Once acquainted with the basic structure of EGS5, users should find the appendices the most frequently consulted sections of this report.

  13. CBP PHASE I CODE INTEGRATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, F.; Brown, K.; Flach, G.; Sarkar, S.

    2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of the Cementitious Barriers Partnership (CBP) is to develop a reasonable and credible set of software tools to predict the structural, hydraulic, and chemical performance of cement barriers used in nuclear applications over extended time frames (greater than 100 years for operating facilities and greater than 1000 years for waste management). The simulation tools will be used to evaluate and predict the behavior of cementitious barriers used in near surface engineered waste disposal systems including waste forms, containment structures, entombments, and environmental remediation. These cementitious materials are exposed to dynamic environmental conditions that cause changes in material properties via (i) aging, (ii) chloride attack, (iii) sulfate attack, (iv) carbonation, (v) oxidation, and (vi) primary constituent leaching. A set of state-of-the-art software tools has been selected as a starting point to capture these important aging and degradation phenomena. Integration of existing software developed by the CBP partner organizations was determined to be the quickest method of meeting the CBP goal of providing a computational tool that improves the prediction of the long-term behavior of cementitious materials. These partner codes were selected based on their maturity and ability to address the problems outlined above. The GoldSim Monte Carlo simulation program (GTG 2010a, GTG 2010b) was chosen as the code integration platform (Brown & Flach 2009b). GoldSim (current Version 10.5) is a Windows based graphical object-oriented computer program that provides a flexible environment for model development (Brown & Flach 2009b). The linking of GoldSim to external codes has previously been successfully demonstrated (Eary 2007, Mattie et al. 2007). GoldSim is capable of performing deterministic and probabilistic simulations and of modeling radioactive decay and constituent transport. As part of the CBP project, a general Dynamic Link Library (DLL) interface was developed to link GoldSim with external codes (Smith III et al. 2010). The DLL uses a list of code inputs provided by GoldSim to create an input file for the external application, runs the external code, and returns a list of outputs (read from files created by the external application) back to GoldSim. In this way GoldSim provides: (1) a unified user interface to the applications, (2) the capability of coupling selected codes in a synergistic manner, and (3) the capability of performing probabilistic uncertainty analysis with the codes. GoldSim is made available by the GoldSim Technology Group as a free 'Player' version that allows running but not editing GoldSim models. The player version makes the software readily available to a wider community of users that would wish to use the CBP application but do not have a license for GoldSim.

  14. What's coming in 2012 codes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lacey, E

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ? High performance HVAC ? On-site renewables 2012 IECC Energy Savings and Environmental Impact ?[The 2012 IECC] represents the largest, one-step efficiency increase in the history of the national model energy code.? ? U.S. Department.... Environmental Impact ? Alliance to Save Energy: ?If all states adopted the 2012 IECC in 2012 and achieved full compliance by 2013 ?? ? 3.5 quadrillion Btu annual energy savings by 2030. ? $40 billion annual energy cost savings by 2030. ? 200 million...

  15. Homological Error Correction: Classical and Quantum Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Bombin; M. A. Martin-Delgado

    2006-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We prove several theorems characterizing the existence of homological error correction codes both classically and quantumly. Not every classical code is homological, but we find a family of classical homological codes saturating the Hamming bound. In the quantum case, we show that for non-orientable surfaces it is impossible to construct homological codes based on qudits of dimension $D>2$, while for orientable surfaces with boundaries it is possible to construct them for arbitrary dimension $D$. We give a method to obtain planar homological codes based on the construction of quantum codes on compact surfaces without boundaries. We show how the original Shor's 9-qubit code can be visualized as a homological quantum code. We study the problem of constructing quantum codes with optimal encoding rate. In the particular case of toric codes we construct an optimal family and give an explicit proof of its optimality. For homological quantum codes on surfaces of arbitrary genus we also construct a family of codes asymptotically attaining the maximum possible encoding rate. We provide the tools of homology group theory for graphs embedded on surfaces in a self-contained manner.

  16. Ultra-narrow bandwidth voice coding

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Holzrichter, John F. (Berkeley, CA); Ng, Lawrence C. (Danville, CA)

    2007-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    A system of removing excess information from a human speech signal and coding the remaining signal information, transmitting the coded signal, and reconstructing the coded signal. The system uses one or more EM wave sensors and one or more acoustic microphones to determine at least one characteristic of the human speech signal.

  17. Using closures for code generation Marc Feeley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feeley, Marc

    which offers the advantages of an interpreter with the speed of compiled code. Code generation relies - environment (i.e. the set of current variable bindings). This operation is called closure. We speakUsing closures for code generation Marc Feeley Guy Lapalme D´epartement d'informatique et de

  18. San Francisco Building Code Amendments to the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 2010 San Francisco Building Code Amendments to the 2010 California Green Building Standards Code not pertain to energy) Operative date: January 1, 2011 #12;139 Chapter 13C GREEN BUILDING REQUIREMENTS shall be known as the California San Francisco Green Building Standards Code and may be cited

  19. CARD No. 23 Models and Computer Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CARD No. 23 Models and Computer Codes 23.A BACKGROUND Section 194.23 addresses the compliance criteria requirements for conceptual models and computer codes. Conceptual models capture a general (PA). The design of computer codes begins with the development of conceptual models. Conceptual models

  20. Cost Codes and the Work Breakdown Structure

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The chapter discusses the purpose of the work breakdown structure (WBS) and code of account (COA) cost code system, shows the purpose and fundamental structure of both the WBS and the cost code system, and explains the interface between the two systems.

  1. NUMBER: 1530 TITLE: Code of Student Conduct

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . For the purposes of this Code, the term "University Official" is inclusive of "Faculty Member" as defined in IV 1530 1 NUMBER: 1530 TITLE: Code of Student Conduct APPROVED: August 27, 1970; Revised June 14, 2012 I. BASIS AND RATIONALE FOR A CODE OF STUDENT CONDUCT Old Dominion University

  2. Network Coding for Large Scale Content Distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keinan, Alon

    Network Coding for Large Scale Content Distribution IEEE Infocom 2005 Christos Gkantsidis College propose a new scheme for content distribution of large files that is based on network coding. With network coding, each node of the distribution network is able to generate and transmit encoded blocks

  3. Update and inclusion of resuspension model codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Porch, W.M.; Greenly, G.D.; Mitchell, C.S.

    1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Model codes for estimating radiation doses from plutonium particles associated with resuspended dust were improved. Only one new code (RSUS) is required in addition to the MATHEW/ADPIC set of codes. The advantage is that it estimates resuspension based on wind blown dust fluxes derived for different soil types. 2 references. (ACR)

  4. A Turbo Code Tutorial William E. Ryan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shea, John M.

    A Turbo Code Tutorial William E. Ryan New Mexico State University Box 30001 Dept. 3-O, Las Cruces, NM 88003 wryan@nmsu.edu Abstract| We give a tutorial exposition of turbo codes and the associated algorithms. Included are a simple derivation for the performance of turbo codes, and a straightforward

  5. The Cost of Enforcing Building Energy Codes: Phase 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Alison

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    S. (2011). Utilities and Building Energy Codes: Air QualityUtility Programs and Building Energy Codes: How utilityUtility Programs and Building Energy Codes: How utility

  6. aeroelastic code hawc: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    placing the stability boundary. Safety and sustainability Gao, Grace Xingxin 50 Spinal codes MIT - DSpace Summary: Spinal codes are a new class of rateless codes that enable...

  7. Technical Assistance: Increasing Code Compliance - 2014 BTO Peer...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Code Compliance - 2014 BTO Peer Review More Documents & Publications Building Energy Codes Program - 2014 BTO Peer Review Building Energy Codes Program Overview - 2014 BTO Peer...

  8. Energy Codes and the Landlord-Tenant Problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papineau, Maya

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a Commercial Building Energy Code in Michigan,” Report PNNL-Grant Summaries,” 1999. Office of Codes and Standards. , “2004,” , “Building Energy Codes: An Introduction,” 2010.

  9. The Cost of Enforcing Building Energy Codes: Phase 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Alison

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    B. (2005). Residential Energy Code Evaluatinons: Review andProvidence, RI: Building Codes Assistance Project. ZING2007 Commercial Energy Code Compliance Study. Calgary, AB:

  10. Two-Level Nonregular Designs From Quaternary Linear Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hongquan Xu; Alan Wong

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Goethals, and related codes. IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory 40,Theory of Error-Correcting Codes. North- Holland, Amsterdam.1967). An optimum nonlinear code. Inform. Control 11, Sun,

  11. Stationary and Portable Fuel Cell Systems Codes and Standards...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Stationary and Portable Fuel Cell Systems Codes and Standards Citations Stationary and Portable Fuel Cell Systems Codes and Standards Citations This document lists codes and...

  12. Discussion on a Code Comparison Effort for the Geothermal Technologies...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Discussion on a Code Comparison Effort for the Geothermal Technologies Program Discussion on a Code Comparison Effort for the Geothermal Technologies Program Code comparison...

  13. Reducing Energy Demand in Buildings Through State Energy Codes...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Reducing Energy Demand in Buildings Through State Energy Codes Reducing Energy Demand in Buildings Through State Energy Codes Building Codes Project for the 2013 Building...

  14. State and Local Code Implementation: Southwest Region - 2014...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and Local Code Implementation: Southeast Region - 2014 BTO Peer Review State and Local Code Implementation: State Energy Officials - 2014 BTO Peer Review State and Local Code...

  15. The Cost of Enforcing Building Energy Codes: Phase 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Alison

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for 2009 International Energy Conservation Code Compliance.Council International Energy Conservation Code Institute forICC’s International Energy Conservation Code (IECC), used

  16. Hydrogen Vehicle and Infrastructure Codes and Standards Citations...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Vehicle and Infrastructure Codes and Standards Citations Hydrogen Vehicle and Infrastructure Codes and Standards Citations This document lists codes and standards typically used...

  17. Crystal structures of bis(cyanido)bis(N,N Prime -diethylthiourea-{kappa}S) mercury(II) and bis(cyanido)bis(N,N Prime -dipropylthiourea-{kappa}S) mercury(II)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ahmad, Saeed, E-mail: saeed_a786@hotmail.com; Sadaf, Haseeba [University of Engineering and Technology, Department of Chemistry (Pakistan)] [University of Engineering and Technology, Department of Chemistry (Pakistan); Altaf, Muhammad; Stoeckli-Evans, Helen [University of Neuchatel, Institute of Physics (Switzerland)] [University of Neuchatel, Institute of Physics (Switzerland); Seerat-ur-Rehman [University of Engineering and Technology, Department of Chemistry (Pakistan)] [University of Engineering and Technology, Department of Chemistry (Pakistan); Bashir, Sarfaraz Ahmed [Government College Asghar Mall, Department of Chemistry (Pakistan)] [Government College Asghar Mall, Department of Chemistry (Pakistan)

    2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Two mercury(II) complexes containing cyanide and, N,N Prime -diethylthiourea (detu) and N,N Prime -dipropylthiourea (dprtu) ligands, [(detu){sub 2}Hg(CN){sub 2}] (1) and [(dprtu){sub 2}Hg(CN){sub 2}] (2), respectively, have been prepared and characterized by X-ray crystallography. In the both complexes Hg atom lies on a 2-fold rotation axis, and is coordinated to the sulfur atoms of two thiourea ligands and to two cyanide carbon atoms. Both have a distorted tetrahedral environment with bond angles about the Hg atoms in the range of 93.41(4) Degree-Sign -146.75(19) Degree-Sign . In the crystal structures symmetry related molecules are linked via N-H-N hydrogen bonds resulting in the formation of a two-dimensional network in 1, while in 2 a double stranded one-dimensional chain is formed.

  18. Search for associated Higgs boson production WH ---> WWW* ---> l+- nu l-prime+- nu-prime + X in p anti-p collisions at s**(1/2) = 1.96-TeV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abazov, V.M.; Abbott, B.; Abolins, M.; Acharya, B.S.; Adams, M.; Adams, T.; Agelou, M.; Agram, J.-L.; Ahn, S.H.; Ahsan, M.; Alexeev, G.D.; /Buenos Aires U. /Rio de

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors present a search for associated Higgs boson production in the process p{bar p} {yields} WH {yields} WWW* {yields} {ell}{sup {+-}}{nu} {ell}{prime}{sup {+-}} {nu}{prime} + X in final states containing two like-sign isolated electrons or muons (e{sup {+-}}e{sup {+-}}, e{sup {+-}} {mu}{sup {+-}}, or {mu}{sup {+-}} {mu}{sup {+-}}). The search is based on D0 Run II data samples corresponding to integrated luminosities of 360-380 pb{sup -1}. No excess is observed over the predicted standard model background. They set 95% C.L. upper limits on {sigma}(p{bar p} {yields} WH) x Br(H {yields} WW*) between 3.2 and 2.8 pb for Higgs masses from 115 to 175 GeV.

  19. Absorbing Set Analysis of LDPC Codes and Read-Channel Quantization in Flash Memory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Jiadong

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .61 SCB codes for r = 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .63 SCB codes for r =

  20. The Hardness of Code Equivalence over Fq and its Application to Code-based Cryptography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    The Hardness of Code Equivalence over Fq and its Application to Code-based Cryptography Nicolas {nicolas.sendrier,dimitrios.simos}@inria.fr Abstract. The code equivalence problem is to decide whether two review the hardness of code equivalence over Fq due to some recent negative results and argue

  1. Network Code Design from Unequal Error Protection Coding: Channel-Aware Receiver Design and Diversity Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Network Code Design from Unequal Error Protection Coding: Channel-Aware Receiver Design.iezzi, fabio.graziosi}@univaq.it Abstract-- In this paper, we propose Unequal Error Protection (UEP) coding theory as a viable and flexible method for the design of network codes for multi­source multi­relay

  2. Performance of Turbo Coded WCDMA with Downlink Space Time Block Coding in Correlated Fading Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mandayam, Narayan

    Performance of Turbo Coded WCDMA with Downlink Space Time Block Coding in Correlated Fading due to potential high data rate applications such as wireless internet access. Turbo codes. In this paper, we evaluate the performance of turbo coded WCDMA systems with downlink transmit diversity

  3. Efficient Decoding of Topological Color Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pradeep Sarvepalli; Robert Raussendorf

    2011-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Color codes are a class of topological quantum codes with a high error threshold and large set of transversal encoded gates, and are thus suitable for fault tolerant quantum computation in two-dimensional architectures. Recently, computationally efficient decoders for the color codes were proposed. We describe an alternate efficient iterative decoder for topological color codes, and apply it to the color code on hexagonal lattice embedded on a torus. In numerical simulations, we find an error threshold of 7.8% for independent dephasing and spin flip errors.

  4. National Agenda for Hydrogen Codes and Standards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blake, C.

    2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper provides an overview of hydrogen codes and standards with an emphasis on the national effort supported and managed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). With the help and cooperation of standards and model code development organizations, industry, and other interested parties, DOE has established a coordinated national agenda for hydrogen and fuel cell codes and standards. With the adoption of the Research, Development, and Demonstration Roadmap and with its implementation through the Codes and Standards Technical Team, DOE helps strengthen the scientific basis for requirements incorporated in codes and standards that, in turn, will facilitate international market receptivity for hydrogen and fuel cell technologies.

  5. Varieties of nilpotent elements for simple Lie algebras. II. Bad primes.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Georgia Vigre; Algebra Group; David J. Benson; Philip Bergonio; Brian D; Leonard Chastkofsky; Bobbe Cooper; G. Michael Guy; Jeremiah Hower; Markus Hunziker

    Let G be a simple algebraic group over an algebraically closed field k of characteristic p ? 0 with Lie algebra g. Denote the set of nilpotent elements in g (resp. unipotent elements in G) by N(g) (resp. U(G)). For a nontrivial representation ?: G ? GL(V) of G and a positive integer r, we set Nr,?(g) = {x ? N(g) | d?(x) r = 0} and Ur,?(G) = {x ? U(G) | (?(x) ? 1) r = 0}. In the special case where r = p> 0, the varieties Np,?(g) and Up,?(G) do not depend on ?, and they are denoted by N1(g) and U1(G) respectively. In the paper under review the authors give explicit descriptions of the varieties Nr,?(g) and Ur,?(G) as unions of the orbit closures when p is bad for G and ? is the minimal or the adjoint representation (the case where p is good was already treated in Part I [J. Algebra 280 (2004), no. 2, 719–737; MR2090060 (2005h:17016)]). Together with the result in Part I, the following results are established for all primes p: the varieties N1(g) and U1(G) are irreducible, and there exists an order-preserving bijection between N1(g) and U1(G).

  6. A precision measurement of the $p$($e,e^\\prime p\\,$)$?^0$ reaction at threshold

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Chirapatpimol, Khem [UVA; et. al.,

    2015-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    New results are reported from a measurement of $\\pi^0$ electroproduction near threshold using the $p(e,e^{\\prime} p)\\pi^0$ reaction. The experiment was designed to determine precisely the energy dependence of $s-$ and $p-$wave electromagnetic multipoles as a stringent test of the predictions of Chiral Perturbation Theory (ChPT). The data were taken with an electron beam energy of 1192 MeV using a two-spectrometer setup in Hall A at Jefferson Lab. For the first time, complete coverage of the $\\phi^*_{\\pi}$ and $\\theta^*_{\\pi}$ angles in the $p \\pi^0$ center-of-mass was obtained for invariant energies above threshold from 0.5 MeV up to 15 MeV. The 4-momentum transfer $Q^2$ coverage ranges from 0.05 to 0.155 (GeV/c)$^2$ in fine steps. A simple phenomenological analysis of our data shows strong disagreement with $p-$wave predictions from ChPT for $Q^2>0.07$ (GeV/c)$^2$, while the $s-$wave predictions are in reasonable agreement.

  7. A precision measurement of the $p$($e,e^\\prime p\\,$)$?^0$ reaction at threshold

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Chirapatpimol, Khem; et. al.,

    2015-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    New results are reported from a measurement of $\\pi^0$ electroproduction near threshold using the $p(e,e^{\\prime} p)\\pi^0$ reaction. The experiment was designed to determine precisely the energy dependence of $s-$ and $p-$wave electromagnetic multipoles as a stringent test of the predictions of Chiral Perturbation Theory (ChPT). The data were taken with an electron beam energy of 1192 MeV using a two-spectrometer setup in Hall A at Jefferson Lab. For the first time, complete coverage of the $\\phi^*_{\\pi}$ and $\\theta^*_{\\pi}$ angles in the $p \\pi^0$ center-of-mass was obtained for invariant energies above threshold from 0.5 MeV up to 15 MeV. The 4-momentummore »transfer $Q^2$ coverage ranges from 0.05 to 0.155 (GeV/c)$^2$ in fine steps. A simple phenomenological analysis of our data shows strong disagreement with $p-$wave predictions from ChPT for $Q^2>0.07$ (GeV/c)$^2$, while the $s-$wave predictions are in reasonable agreement.« less

  8. A precision measurement of the $p$($e,e^\\prime p\\,$)$?^0$ reaction at threshold

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. Chirapatpimol; M. H. Shabestari; R. A. Lindgren; L. C. Smith; J. R. M. Annand; D. W. Higinbotham; B. Moffit; V. Nelyubin; B. E. Norum; K. Allada; K. Aniol; K. Ardashev; D. S. Armstrong; R. A. Arndt; F. Benmokhtar; A. M. Bernstein; W. Bertozzi; W. J. Briscoe; L. Bimbot; A. Camsonne; J. -P. Chen; S. Choi; E. Chudakov; E. Cisbani; F. Cusanno; M. M. Dalton; C. Dutta; K. Egiyan; C. Fernandez-Ramirez; R. Feuerbach; K. G. Fissum; S. Frullani; F. Garibaldi; O. Gayou; R. Gilman; S. Gilad; J. Goity; J. Gomez; B. Hahn; D. Hamilton; J. -O. Hansen; J. Huang; R. Igarashi; D. Ireland; C. W. de Jager; X. Jin; X. Jiang; T. Jinasundera; J. Kellie; C. E. Keppel; N. Kolb; J. LeRose; N. Liyanage; K. Livingston; D. McNulty; L. Mercado; R. Michaels; M. Mihovilovic; S. Qian; X. Qian; S. Mailyan; V. Mamyan; S. Marrone; P. Monaghan; S. Nanda; C. F. Perdrisat; E. Piasetzky; D. Protopopescu; V. Punjabi; Y. Qiang; I. A. Rachek; A. Rakhman; G. Ron; G. Rosner; A. Saha; B. Sawatzky; A. Shahinyan; S. Sirca; N. Sparveris; R. R. Subedi; R. Suleiman; I. Strakovsky; V. Sulkosky; J. Moinelo; H. Voskanyan; K. Wang; Y. Wang; J. Watson; D. Watts; B. Wojtsekhowski; R. L. Workman; H. Yao; X. Zhan; Y. Zhang

    2015-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    New results are reported from a measurement of $\\pi^0$ electroproduction near threshold using the $p(e,e^{\\prime} p)\\pi^0$ reaction. The experiment was designed to determine precisely the energy dependence of $s-$ and $p-$wave electromagnetic multipoles as a stringent test of the predictions of Chiral Perturbation Theory (ChPT). The data were taken with an electron beam energy of 1192 MeV using a two-spectrometer setup in Hall A at Jefferson Lab. For the first time, complete coverage of the $\\phi^*_{\\pi}$ and $\\theta^*_{\\pi}$ angles in the $p \\pi^0$ center-of-mass was obtained for invariant energies above threshold from 0.5 MeV up to 15 MeV. The 4-momentum transfer $Q^2$ coverage ranges from 0.05 to 0.155 (GeV/c)$^2$ in fine steps. A simple phenomenological analysis of our data shows strong disagreement with $p-$wave predictions from ChPT for $Q^2>0.07$ (GeV/c)$^2$, while the $s-$wave predictions are in reasonable agreement.

  9. automated people movers: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    with Pay ECR Search Page To process a Short Term Disability using the automated ECR. 2. Enter the Effective Date of the Short Term Disability. This is the Effective DatePeopleSoft...

  10. AUTOMATIC FAULT LOCALIZATION USING THE GENERALIZED EARTH MOVER'S DISTANCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indyk, Piotr

    , min-cost flows. 1. INTRODUCTION A key goal in seismic data processing and interpretation is the detec in seismic subsurface images is a daunting challenge. Existing state-of-the-art approaches usually in- volve visual interpretation by an expert, but this is time-consuming, expensive and error-prone. In this paper

  11. Decoding linear codes via optimization and graph-based techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taghavi, Mohammad H.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2.2.1 Linear Codes on1.1.2 Graph-Based Codes 1.2 Dissertation Overview . . .versus the length of the code for (3,6)-regular LDPC codes (

  12. Virtual Private Environments for Multiphysics Code Validation on Computing Grids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Virtual Private Environments for Multiphysics Code Validation on Computing Grids Toan Nguyen-based computing environments and deploys, tests and analyzes multiphysics codes. A second approach executes model coupling, error correlations, alert definitions, best usage practices, code verification and code

  13. Building Energy Codes Program (BECP)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof Energy Future ofHydronicBuildingDepartmentDavid CohanEnergy Codes

  14. Building Energy Codes Program Overview

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof Energy Future ofHydronicBuildingDepartmentDavid CohanEnergy CodesProgram

  15. GENII Code | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO2: FinalOffers3.pdf0-45.pdf0 Budget Fossil EnergyFull Text ManagementDOEGEGEAGENII Code

  16. ALOHA Code | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of2 of 5) ALARA Training forCentral Registry Toolbox Code

  17. Technical Assistance: Increasing Code Compliance

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOriginEducationVideoStrategic| Department ofGeneralWind »Assistance: Increasing Code Compliance

  18. The Effect of Phonological Relatedness on Syntactic Priming, and what this explains about the Nature of Children's and Adults Abstract Linguistic Representations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beattie, Heather

    2008-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Syntactic priming is a paradigm widely used to investigate the nature of abstract linguistic representations in adults. The relationship between the preceding sentence and its response allows for assumptions to be drawn ...

  19. Coding Theorems for "Turbo-Like" Codes Dariush Divsalar, Hui Jin, and Robert J. McEliece

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abu-Mostafa, Yaser S.

    Coding Theorems for "Turbo-Like" Codes Dariush Divsalar, Hui Jin, and Robert J. McEliece Jet call these systems "turbo-like" codes and they include as special cases both the classical turbo codes for turbo-like codes. 1. Introduction. The 1993 discovery of turbo codes by Berrou, Glavieux

  20. HERCULES: A Pattern Driven Code Transformation System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kartsaklis, Christos [ORNL; Hernandez, Oscar R [ORNL; Hsu, Chung-Hsing [ORNL; Ilsche, Thomas [Technische Universitat Dresden; Joubert, Wayne [ORNL; Graham, Richard L [ORNL

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    New parallel computers are emerging, but developing efficient scientific code for them remains difficult. A scientist must manage not only the science-domain complexity but also the performance-optimization complexity. HERCULES is a code transformation system designed to help the scientist to separate the two concerns, which improves code maintenance, and facilitates performance optimization. The system combines three technologies, code patterns, transformation scripts and compiler plugins, to provide the scientist with an environment to quickly implement code transformations that suit his needs. Unlike existing code optimization tools, HERCULES is unique in its focus on user-level accessibility. In this paper we discuss the design, implementation and an initial evaluation of HERCULES.

  1. Zebra: An advanced PWR lattice code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cao, L.; Wu, H.; Zheng, Y. [School of Nuclear Science and Technology, Xi'an Jiaotong Univ., No. 28, Xianning West Road, Xi'an, ShannXi, 710049 (China)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents an overview of an advanced PWR lattice code ZEBRA developed at NECP laboratory in Xi'an Jiaotong Univ.. The multi-group cross-section library is generated from the ENDF/B-VII library by NJOY and the 361-group SHEM structure is employed. The resonance calculation module is developed based on sub-group method. The transport solver is Auto-MOC code, which is a self-developed code based on the Method of Characteristic and the customization of AutoCAD software. The whole code is well organized in a modular software structure. Some numerical results during the validation of the code demonstrate that this code has a good precision and a high efficiency. (authors)

  2. Analysis and Design of Tuned Turbo Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koller, Christian; Kliewer, Joerg; Vatta, Francesca; Zigangirov, Kamil S; Costello, Daniel J

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It has been widely observed that there exists a fundamental trade-off between the minimum distance properties and the iterative decoding convergence behavior of turbo-like codes. While capacity achieving code ensembles typically are asymptotically bad in the sense that their minimum distance does not grow linearly with block length, and they therefore exhibit an error floor at moderate-to-high signal to noise ratios, asymptotically good codes usually converge further away from channel capacity. In this paper, we introduce the concept of tuned turbo codes, a family of asymptotically good hybrid concatenated code ensembles, where minimum distance growth rates, convergence thresholds, and code rates can be traded-off using two tuning parameters, {\\lambda} and {\\mu}. By decreasing {\\lambda}, the asymptotic minimum distance growth rate is reduced for the sake of improved iterative decoding convergence behavior, while increasing {\\lambda} raises the growth rate at the expense of worse convergence behavior, and thus...

  3. Codes and Supersymmetry in One Dimension

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. F. Doran; M. G. Faux; S. J. Gates Jr.; T. Hübsch; K. M. Iga; G. D. Landweber; R. L. Miller

    2011-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Adinkras are diagrams that describe many useful supermultiplets in D=1 dimensions. We show that the topology of the Adinkra is uniquely determined by a doubly even code. Conversely, every doubly even code produces a possible topology of an Adinkra. A computation of doubly even codes results in an enumeration of these Adinkra topologies up to N=28, and for minimal supermultiplets, up to N=32.

  4. Material model library for explicit numerical codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hofmann, R.; Dial, B.W.

    1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A material model logic structure has been developed which is useful for most explicit finite-difference and explicit finite-element Lagrange computer codes. This structure has been implemented and tested in the STEALTH codes to provide an example for researchers who wish to implement it in generically similar codes. In parallel with these models, material parameter libraries have been created for the implemented models for materials which are often needed in DoD applications.

  5. 2-D color code quantum computation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Austin G. Fowler

    2011-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe in detail how to perform universal fault-tolerant quantum computation on a 2-D color code, making use of only nearest neighbor interactions. Three defects (holes) in the code are used to represent logical qubits. Triple defect logical qubits are deformed into isolated triangular sections of color code to enable transversal implementation of all single logical qubit Clifford group gates. CNOT is implemented between pairs of triple defect logical qubits via braiding.

  6. MINET (momentum integral network) code documentation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Van Tuyle, G J; Nepsee, T C; Guppy, J G [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (USA)

    1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The MINET computer code, developed for the transient analysis of fluid flow and heat transfer, is documented in this four-part reference. In Part 1, the MINET models, which are based on a momentum integral network method, are described. The various aspects of utilizing the MINET code are discussed in Part 2, The User's Manual. The third part is a code description, detailing the basic code structure and the various subroutines and functions that make up MINET. In Part 4, example input decks, as well as recent validation studies and applications of MINET are summarized. 32 refs., 36 figs., 47 tabs.

  7. Subsystem codes with spatially local generators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bravyi, Sergey [IBM T. J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, New York 10598 (United States)

    2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We study subsystem codes whose gauge group has local generators in two-dimensional (2D) geometry. It is shown that there exists a family of such codes defined on lattices of size LxL with the number of logical qubits k and the minimum distance d both proportional to L. The gauge group of these codes involves only two-qubit generators of type XX and ZZ coupling nearest-neighbor qubits (and some auxiliary one-qubit generators). Our proof is not constructive as it relies on a certain version of the Gilbert-Varshamov bound for classical codes. Along the way, we introduce and study properties of generalized Bacon-Shor codes that might be of independent interest. Secondly, we prove that any 2D subsystem [n,k,d] code with spatially local generators obeys upper bounds kd=O(n) and d{sup 2}=O(n). The analogous upper bound proved recently for 2D stabilizer codes is kd{sup 2}=O(n). Our results thus demonstrate that subsystem codes can be more powerful than stabilizer codes under the spatial locality constraint.

  8. Entanglement properties of topological color codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mehdi Kargarian

    2008-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The entanglement properties of a class of topological stabilizer states, the so called \\emph{topological color codes} defined on a two-dimensional lattice or \\emph{2-colex}, are calculated. The topological entropy is used to measure the entanglement of different bipartitions of the 2-colex. The dependency of the ground state degeneracy on the genus of the surface shows that the color code can support a topological order, and the contribution of the color in its structure makes it interesting to compare with the Kitaev's toric code. While a qubit is maximally entangled with rest of the system, two qubits are no longer entangled showing that the color code is genuinely multipartite entangled. For a convex region, it is found that entanglement entropy depends only on the degrees of freedom living on the boundary of two subsystems. The boundary scaling of entropy is supplemented with a topological subleading term which for a color code defined on a compact surface is twice than the toric code. From the entanglement entropy we construct a set of bipartitions in which the diverging term arising from the boundary term is washed out, and the remaining non-vanishing term will have a topological nature. Besides the color code on the compact surface, we also analyze the entanglement properties of a version of color code with border, i.e \\emph{triangular color code}.

  9. Subsystem codes with spatially local generators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sergey Bravyi

    2010-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We study subsystem codes whose gauge group has local generators in the 2D geometry. It is shown that there exists a family of such codes defined on lattices of size LxL with the number of logical qubits k and the minimum distance d both proportional to L. The gauge group of these codes involves only two-qubit generators of type XX and ZZ coupling nearest neighbor qubits (and some auxiliary one-qubit generators). Our proof is not constructive as it relies on a certain version of the Gilbert-Varshamov bound for classical codes. Along the way we introduce and study properties of generalized Bacon-Shor codes which might be of independent interest. Secondly, we prove that any 2D subsystem [n,k,d] code with spatially local generators obeys upper bounds kd=O(n) and d^2=O(n). The analogous upper bound proved recently for 2D stabilizer codes is kd^2=O(n). Our results thus demonstrate that subsystem codes can be more powerful than stabilizer codes under the spatial locality constraint.

  10. Codes and Standards Support Vehicle Electrification

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    (Ford, GM, Chrysler, BMW) National Labs (INL, PNNL, ORNL) 2 Objectives Address codes and standards requirements to enable wide-spread adoption of electric-drive...

  11. Example Cost Codes for Construction Projects

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This chapter provides an example outline of cost items and their corresponding cost codes that may be used for construction projects.

  12. City of San Francisco- Green Building Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    San Francisco adopted a mandatory green building code for new construction projects in September 2008, establishing strict guidelines for residential and commercial buildings according to the...

  13. Alarm Code Request Office of Physical Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, Paul A.

    Alarm Code Request Office of Physical Security 101 Campus Operations Bowling Green State University Bowling Green, Ohio 43403 (419) 3727661 lockalarm@bgsu.edu By signing this authorization

  14. Source Code Retrieval using Conceptual Similarity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Rijke, Maarten

    researched at least since the mid-late 1980s (Frakes and Ne- jmeh, 1987). Early forms of code retrieval were

  15. Semidefinite code bounds based on quadruple distances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Acknowledgement. We thank Niels Oosterling for very helpful comments on the method. References. [1] E. Agrell, Bounds for unrestricted binary codes,.

  16. Secure Symmetrical Multilevel Diversity Coding 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Shuo

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    such that: 17 (Rate constraints) 1 n logMl Rl + ; 8l = 1; : : : ; L; (3.3) (Asymptotically perfect reconstruction at the legitimate receiver) PrfdU(XU) 6= (Sn1 ; : : : ; SnjU j N)g ; 8U L s.t. jU j N + 1 (3.4) where Xl := el((Sn1..., in Chapter IV we conclude the thesis with some remarks. 5 CHAPTER II SECURE SYMMETRICAL SINGLE-LEVEL DIVERSITY CODING A. Problem Statement Let fS[t]g1t=1 be a discrete memoryless source with time index t and let Sn := (S[1]; : : : ; S[n]). An (L;N;m) S...

  17. Group Codes Outperform Binary-Coset Codes on Nonbinary Symmetric Memoryless Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Como, Giacomo

    Typical minimum distances and error exponents are analyzed on the 8-PSK Gaussian channel for two capacity-achieving code ensembles with different algebraic structure. It is proved that the typical group code over the cyclic ...

  18. Source-channel coding for robust image transmission and for dirty-paper coding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Yong

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    In this dissertation, we studied two seemingly uncorrelated, but conceptually related problems in terms of source-channel coding: 1) wireless image transmission and 2) Costa ("dirty-paper") code design. In the first part of the dissertation, we...

  19. LDPC code-based bandwidth efficient coding schemes for wireless communications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sankar, Hari

    2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation deals with the design of bandwidth-efficient coding schemes with Low-Density Parity-Check (LDPC) for reliable wireless communications. Code design for wireless channels roughly falls into three categories: (1) when channel state...

  20. ,"U.S. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Petroleum Products"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources andPlant Liquids,+LiquidsAnnual",2014Annual",2014Gas, WetGas,

  1. Adaptive code generators for tree coding of speech at 16 kbps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haschke, Greg Benjamin

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ADAPTIVE CODE GENERATORS FOR TREE CODING OF SPEECH AT 16 KBPS A Thesis GREG BENJAMIN HASCHKE Submitted to the Graduate College oi' Texas AkM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Ma. y 1987... Major Subject, : Electrical Engineering ADAPTIVE CODE GENERATORS FOR TREE CODING OF SPEECH AT 16 KBPS A Thesis GREG BENJAMIN HASCHKE Approved as to style and content bJ Jerr . Gibson Chairm of Committee) ~. N. Georghiades (Menrber) S. P...

  2. Code assignment of rate compatible punctured convolutional codes for unequal error protection requirements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gavini, Shanti

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CODE ASSIGNMENT OF RATE COMPATIBLE PUNCTURED CONVOLUTIONAL CODES F' OR UNEQUAL ERROR PROTECTION REQUIRElvIENTS A Thesis by SHANTI GAVIUI Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of thc... requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 2001 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering CODE ASSIGNMENT OF RATE COMPATIBLE PUNCTURED CONVOLUTIONAL CODES FOR UNEQUAL ERROR PROTECTION REQUIREMENTS A Thesis by SHANTI GAVINI Submitted to Texas A...

  3. Reed-Solomon Turbo Product Codes for Optical Communications: From Code Optimization to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Reed-Solomon Turbo Product Codes for Optical Communications: From Code Optimization to Decoder Design Rapha¨el Le Bidan, Camille Leroux, Christophe J´ego, Patrick Adde, Ramesh Pyndiah Abstract--Turbo. In this paper, we investi- gate the use of Reed-Solomon (RS) turbo product codes for 40 Gb/s transmission over

  4. Code of Conduct Etiquette at Utrecht University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    Code of Conduct Etiquette at Utrecht University What principles underpin our behaviour of Utrecht University. The Code describes the values that govern the way people work and study for sanctions. How is Utrecht University different from other universities? What do we wish to achieve? MISSION

  5. Code input alternatives John C. Wright

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, John C.

    Code input alternatives John C. Wright John Wright Oct 2009 ­ CSWIM Workshop@ORNL Extensible markup, #type, #value, #units, #help idebug, logical, 1, "", "Turn;Summary Use a data-centric model for input creation (code namelists, IPS config file, etc) Database

  6. Application of network coding for VLSI routing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nemade, Nikhil Pandit

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    . Coding Advantage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 5. Encoding Complexity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 III MULTI-NET ROUTING ON UNRESTRICTED RECTILIN- EAR PLANE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 A. Problem... 14 Wirelength reduction for hard blockages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 15 Network coding in the presence of hard blockage . . . . . . . . . 36 16 Wirelength reduction for soft blockages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 17 Wirelength reduction...

  7. BUILDING CODES: BARRIERS TO GREEN INNOVATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BUILDING CODES: BARRIERS TO GREEN INNOVATION JENNIFER GARMAN DR. JIM BOWYER DR. STEVE BRATKOVICH/18/2011 DOVETAIL PARTNERS, INC. www.dovetailinc.org Building Codes: Barriers to Green Innovation Introduction Many architects and contractors want to pursue green building design, technologies and construction. Green

  8. Quantum codes over Finite Frobenius Rings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarma, Anurupa

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    is then required to restore a quantum bit, which has changed due to interaction with external state, to a previous non-erroneous state in the coding subspace. Until now the methods for quantum error correction were mostly based on stabilizer codes over finite...

  9. DATE : NVLAP LAB CODE: CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS TESTING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Short Title ADMIXTURES _____ 02/A35 ASTM C233 Testing Air-Entraining Admixtures for Concrete _____ 02/A MATERIALS TESTING APPLICATION (REV. 2014-08-25) PAGE 2 OF 10 #12;DATE : NVLAP LAB CODE: CONCRETE _____ 02/ADATE : NVLAP LAB CODE: CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS TESTING TEST METHOD SELECTION LIST Instructions

  10. Publication Kind Codes in STN Patent Databases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoffmann, Armin

    Publication Kind Codes in STN Patent Databases Dokumentenart-Codes in STN-Patentdatenbanken Imprint Abstracts (CAPLUS), Chemical Abstracts (CAPLUS), Derwent World Patents Index (DWPI), and Derwent World Patents Index (DWPI)und INPADOCDB INPADOCDB international patent databases, together with a short

  11. [Searching for Commodity Codes] February 13, 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheremet, Alexandru

    the search... link to begin searching for a Commodity Code Search Tips Enter a broad term in the Description Another example, for "gasoline" enter "fuel" ­ think in general terms o For this term, only two Commodity[Searching for Commodity Codes] February 13, 2012 © Office of Human Resource Services, University

  12. Code of Official Conduct Student Government Association

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long, Nicholas

    Code of Official Conduct Student Government Association Stephen F. Austin State University Section, the Student Government Association of Stephen F. Austin State University has adopted this Code of Official Association officials who may be elected, appointed, or employed comply with both the Letter and the Spirit

  13. Turbo-codes quantiques Mamdouh ABBARA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Turbo-codes quantiques Mamdouh ABBARA Th`ese r´ealis´ee `a INRIA, Sous la direction de Jean . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 1.8 Performances de d´ecodage d'un code convolutif . . . . . . . . . . 19 1.9 Le turbo-encodage en parall`ele . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 1.10 Le turbo-encodage en s

  14. Experimental study of exclusive $^2$H$(e,e^\\prime p)n$ reaction mechanisms at high $Q^2$

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim Egiyan; Gegham Asryan; Nerses Gevorgyan; Keith Griffioen; Jean Laget; Sebastian Kuhn; Gary Adams; Moscov Amaryan; Pawel Ambrozewicz; Marco Anghinolfi; Gerard Audit; Harutyun AVAKIAN; Harutyun Avakian; Hovhannes Baghdasaryan; Nathan Baillie; Jacques Ball; Nathan Baltzell; Steve Barrow; Vitaly Baturin; Marco Battaglieri; Ivan Bedlinski; Ivan Bedlinskiy; Mehmet Bektasoglu; Matthew Bellis; Nawal Benmouna; Barry Berman; Angela Biselli; Lukasz Blaszczyk; Sylvain Bouchigny; Sergey Boyarinov; Robert Bradford; Derek Branford; William Briscoe; William Brooks; Stephen Bueltmann; Volker Burkert; Cornel Butuceanu; John Calarco; Sharon Careccia; Daniel Carman; Antoine Cazes; Shifeng Chen; Philip Cole; Patrick Collins; Philip Coltharp; Dieter Cords; Pietro Corvisiero; Donald Crabb; Volker Crede; John Cummings; Natalya Dashyan; Rita De Masi; Raffaella De Vita; Enzo De Sanctis; Pavel Degtiarenko; Haluk Denizli; Lawrence Dennis; Alexandre Deur; Kahanawita Dharmawardane; Richard Dickson; Chaden Djalali; Gail Dodge; Joseph Donnelly; David Doughty; Michael Dugger; Steven Dytman; Oleksandr Dzyubak; Hovanes Egiyan; Lamiaa Elfassi; Latifa Elouadrhiri; Paul Eugenio; Renee Fatemi; Gleb Fedotov; Gerald Feldman; Robert Feuerbach; Robert Fersch; Michel Garcon; Gagik Gavalian; Gerard Gilfoyle; Kevin Giovanetti; Francois-Xavier Girod; John Goetz; Atilla Gonenc; Christopher Gordon; Ralf Gothe; Michel Guidal; Matthieu Guillo; Hayko Guler; Lei Guo; Vardan Gyurjyan; Cynthia Hadjidakis; Kawtar Hafidi; Hayk Hakobyan; Rafael Hakobyan; Charles Hanretty; John Hardie; F. Hersman; Kenneth Hicks; Ishaq Hleiqawi; Maurik Holtrop; Charles Hyde-Wright; Yordanka Ilieva; David Ireland; Boris Ishkhanov; Eugeny Isupov; Mark Ito; David Jenkins; Hyon-Suk Jo; Kyungseon Joo; Henry Juengst; Narbe Kalantarians; James Kellie; Mahbubul Khandaker; Wooyoung Kim; Andreas Klein; Franz Klein; Alexei Klimenko; Mikhail Kossov; Zebulun Krahn; Laird Kramer; V. Kubarovsky; Joachim Kuhn; Sergey Kuleshov; Jeff Lachniet; Jorn Langheinrich; David Lawrence; Ji Li; Kenneth Livingston; Haiyun Lu; Marion MacCormick; Claude Marchand; Nikolai Markov; Paul Mattione; Simeon McAleer; Bryan McKinnon; John McNabb; Bernhard Mecking; Surik Mehrabyan; Joseph Melone; Mac Mestayer; Curtis Meyer; Tsutomu Mibe; Konstantin Mikhaylov; Ralph Minehart; Marco Mirazita; Rory Miskimen; Viktor Mokeev; Kei Moriya; Steven Morrow; Maryam Moteabbed; James Mueller; Edwin Munevar Espitia; Gordon Mutchler; Pawel Nadel-Turonski; Rakhsha Nasseripour; Silvia Niccolai; Gabriel Niculescu; Maria-Ioana Niculescu; Bogdan Niczyporuk; Megh Niroula; Rustam Niyazov; Mina Nozar; Grant O'Rielly; Mikhail Osipenko; Alexander Ostrovidov; Kijun Park; Evgueni Pasyuk; Craig Paterson; Sergio Pereira; Joshua Pierce; Nikolay Pivnyuk; Dinko Pocanic; Oleg Pogorelko; Sergey Pozdnyakov; Barry Preedom; John Price; Yelena Prok; Dan Protopopescu; Brian Raue; Gregory Riccardi; Giovanni Ricco; Marco Ripani; Barry Ritchie; Federico Ronchetti; Guenther Rosner; Patrizia Rossi; Franck Sabatie; Julian Salamanca; Carlos Salgado; Joseph Santoro; Vladimir Sapunenko; Reinhard Schumacher; Vladimir Serov; Youri Sharabian; Nikolay Shvedunov; Alexander Skabelin; Elton Smith; Lee Smith; Daniel Sober; Daria Sokhan; Aleksey Stavinskiy; Samuel Stepanyan; Stepan Stepanyan; Burnham Stokes; Paul Stoler; Steffen Strauch; Mauro Taiuti; David Tedeschi; Ulrike Thoma; Avtandil Tkabladze; Svyatoslav Tkachenko; Luminita Todor; Clarisse Tur; Maurizio Ungaro; Michael Vineyard; Alexander Vlassov; Daniel Watts; Lawrence Weinstein; Dennis Weygand; M. Williams; Elliott Wolin; Michael Wood; Amrit Yegneswaran; Lorenzo Zana; Jixie Zhang; Bo Zhao; Zhiwen Zhao

    2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The reaction {sup 2}H(e,e{prime} p)n has been studied with full kinematic coverage for photon virtuality 1.75 < 5.5 {approx} GeV{sup 2}. Comparisons of experimental data with theory indicate that for very low values of neutron recoil momentum (p{sub n} < 100 MeV/c) the neutron is primarily a spectator and the reaction can be described by the plane-wave impulse approximation. For 100 < 750 MeV/c proton-neutron rescattering dominates the cross section, while {Delta} production followed by the N{Delta} {yields} NN transition is the primary contribution at higher momenta.

  15. Kurucz's codes under GNU-Linux

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Sbordone

    2005-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on the latest version of our GNU-Linux port of the ATLAS - SYNTHE - WIDTH suite of codes for the stellar atmosphere modeling. The latest version (8.1 at the time of the workshop) of the Intel Fortran Compiler allowed for a significantly better backward compatibility with the VMS version of the code, thus allowing us to remove almost all the modifications we initially introduced in order to compile the code under IFC. We now provide ported versions both of ATLAS 9 (the ODF version of ATLAS) and ATLAS 12 (the opacity sampling version). A comprehensive website has been created to host the ported codes, along with a growing body of documentation and resources. Also, three mailing lists have been created at the university of Ljubljana in order to cover general usage, code development and ATLAS-related announcements.

  16. Two Optimal One-Error-Correcting Codes of Length 13 That Are Not Doubly Shortened Perfect Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Östergĺrd, Patric R J

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The doubly shortened perfect codes of length 13 are classified utilizing the classification of perfect codes in [P.R.J. \\"Osterg{\\aa}rd and O. Pottonen, The perfect binary one-error-correcting codes of length 15: Part I--Classification, IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory, to appear]; there are 117821 such (13,512,3) codes. By applying a switching operation to those codes, two more (13,512,3) codes are obtained, which are then not doubly shortened perfect codes.

  17. Impact of Family Non-universal $Z^\\prime$ Boson on Pure Annihilation $B_s \\to \\pi^+ \\pi^-$ and $B_d \\to K^+ K^-$ Decays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Ying; Du, Dong-Shuo; Li, Zuo-Hong; Xu, Hong-Xia

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the $B_s \\to \\pi^+ \\pi^-$ and $B_d \\to K^+ K^-$ decays in the standard model and the family non-universal $Z^\\prime$ model. Since none of the quarks in final states is the same as the initial quark, these decay modes can occur only via power-suppressed annihilation diagrams. Despite the consistence of the standard model prediction with the available data, there is a surviving room for a light $Z^\\prime$ boson. Taking into account the $Z^\\prime$ contribution, we find theoretical results for branching fractions can better accommodate the data. With the relevant data, we also derive a constraint on the parameter space for the $Z^\\prime$. Moreover, for the $B_d \\to K^+ K^-$, both the direct and the mixing-induced $CP$ asymmetry are sensitive to the couplings between $Z^\\prime$ and fermions in the parameter spaces constrained by data. The measurements at future experimental facilities, including the LHC-b, Belle-II and the proposed high energy $e^+e^-$ collider, will provide us useful hints for direct sea...

  18. A CLASS OF EFFICIENTENCODING GENERALIZED LOWDENSITY PARITYCHECK CODES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Tong

    A CLASS OF EFFICIENT­ENCODING GENERALIZED LOW­DENSITY PARITY­CHECK CODES Tong Zhang and Keshab K parity check matrix which defines a class of efficient­encoding GLD codes. Such GLD codes can of such efficient­encoding GLD codes is as good as ordinary GLD codes. Moreover, by ex­ ploiting the structure

  19. Computer codes used in particle accelerator design: First edition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper contains a listing of more than 150 programs that have been used in the design and analysis of accelerators. Given on each citation are person to contact, classification of the computer code, publications describing the code, computer and language runned on, and a short description of the code. Codes are indexed by subject, person to contact, and code acronym. (LEW)

  20. History Club of the Newark Campus Code of Conduct

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Michelle

    History Club of the Newark Campus Code of Conduct As members of an official organization Code of Conduct." As stated in the "Introduction" of the "Student Code of Conduct:" The code of student note that you are required to abide by the "Student Code of Conduct" at all History Club events

  1. Turbo Codes Based on Time-Variant Memory-1 Convolutional Codes over Fq

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liva, Gianluigi; Scalise, Sandro; Chiani, Marco

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Two classes of turbo codes over high-order finite fields are introduced. The codes are derived from a particular protograph sub-ensemble of the (dv=2,dc=3) low-density parity-check code ensemble. A first construction is derived as a parallel concatenation of two non-binary, time-variant accumulators. The second construction is based on the serial concatenation of a non-binary, time-variant differentiator and of a non-binary, time-variant accumulator, and provides a highly-structured flexible encoding scheme for (dv=2,dc=4) ensemble codes. A cycle graph representation is provided. The proposed codes can be decoded efficiently either as low-density parity-check codes (via belief propagation decoding over the codes bipartite graph) or as turbo codes (via the forward-backward algorithm applied to the component codes trellis). The forward-backward algorithm for symbol maximum a posteriori decoding of the component codes is illustrated and simplified by means of the fast Fourier transform. The proposed codes provid...

  2. Remote-Handled Transuranic Content Codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Washington TRU Solutions

    2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Remote-Handled Transuranic (RH-TRU) Content Codes (RH-TRUCON) document representsthe development of a uniform content code system for RH-TRU waste to be transported in the 72-Bcask. It will be used to convert existing waste form numbers, content codes, and site-specificidentification codes into a system that is uniform across the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) sites.The existing waste codes at the sites can be grouped under uniform content codes without any lossof waste characterization information. The RH-TRUCON document provides an all-encompassing|description for each content code and compiles this information for all DOE sites. Compliance withwaste generation, processing, and certification procedures at the sites (outlined in this document foreach content code) ensures that prohibited waste forms are not present in the waste. The contentcode gives an overall description of the RH-TRU waste material in terms of processes and|packaging, as well as the generation location. This helps to provide cradle-to-grave traceability ofthe waste material so that the various actions required to assess its qualification as payload for the72-B cask can be performed. The content codes also impose restrictions and requirements on themanner in which a payload can be assembled.The RH-TRU Waste Authorized Methods for Payload Control (RH-TRAMPAC), Appendix 1.3.7of the 72-B Cask Safety Analysis Report (SAR), describes the current governing procedures|applicable for the qualification of waste as payload for the 72-B cask. The logic for this|classification is presented in the 72-B Cask SAR. Together, these documents (RH-TRUCON,|RH-TRAMPAC, and relevant sections of the 72-B Cask SAR) present the foundation and|justification for classifying RH-TRU waste into content codes. Only content codes described in thisdocument can be considered for transport in the 72-B cask. Revisions to this document will be madeas additional waste qualifies for transport. |Each content code uniquely identifies the generated waste and provides a system for tracking theprocess and packaging history. Each content code begins with a two-letter site abbreviation thatindicates the shipper of the RH-TRU waste. The site-specific letter designations for each of the|DOE sites are provided in Table 1. Not all of the sites listed in Table 1 have generated/stored RH-|TRU waste.

  3. Report on a workshop concerning code validation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The design of wind turbine components is becoming more critical as turbines become lighter and more dynamically active. Computer codes that will reliably predict turbine dynamic response are, therefore, more necessary than before. However, predicting the dynamic response of very slender rotating structures that operate in turbulent winds is not a simple matter. Even so, codes for this purpose have been developed and tested in North America and in Europe, and it is important to disseminate information on this subject. The purpose of this workshop was to allow those involved in the wind energy industry in the US to assess the progress invalidation of the codes most commonly used for structural/aero-elastic wind turbine simulation. The theme of the workshop was, ``How do we know it`s right``? This was the question that participants were encouraged to ask themselves throughout the meeting in order to avoid the temptation of presenting information in a less-than-critical atmosphere. Other questions posed at the meeting are: What is the proof that the codes used can truthfully represent the field data? At what steps were the codes tested against known solutions, or against reliable field data? How should the designer or user validate results? What computer resources are needed? How do codes being used in Europe compare with those used in the US? How does the code used affect industry certification? What can be expected in the future?

  4. MELCOR Accident Consequence Code System (MACCS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jow, H.N.; Sprung, J.L.; Ritchie, L.T. (Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (USA)); Rollstin, J.A. (GRAM, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (USA)); Chanin, D.I. (Technadyne Engineering Consultants, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (USA))

    1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the MACCS computer code. The purpose of this code is to simulate the impact of severe accidents at nuclear power plants on the surrounding environment. MACCS has been developed for the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission to replace the previously used CRAC2 code, and it incorporates many improvements in modeling flexibility in comparison to CRAC2. The principal phenomena considered in MACCS are atmospheric transport, mitigative actions based on dose projection, dose accumulation by a number of pathways including food and water ingestion, early and latent health effects, and economic costs. The MACCS code can be used for a variety of applications. These include (1) probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) of nuclear power plants and other nuclear facilities, (2) sensitivity studies to gain a better understanding of the parameters important to PRA, and (3) cost-benefit analysis. This report is composed of three volumes. Volume I, the User's Guide, describes the input data requirements of the MACCS code and provides directions for its use as illustrated by three sample problems. Volume II, the Model Description, describes the underlying models that are implemented in the code, and Volume III, the Programmer's Reference Manual, describes the code's structure and database management. 59 refs., 14 figs., 15 tabs.

  5. TRACKING CODE DEVELOPMENT FOR BEAM DYNAMICS OPTIMIZATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, L.

    2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Dynamic aperture (DA) optimization with direct particle tracking is a straight forward approach when the computing power is permitted. It can have various realistic errors included and is more close than theoretical estimations. In this approach, a fast and parallel tracking code could be very helpful. In this presentation, we describe an implementation of storage ring particle tracking code TESLA for beam dynamics optimization. It supports MPI based parallel computing and is robust as DA calculation engine. This code has been used in the NSLS-II dynamics optimizations and obtained promising performance.

  6. Source Coding with Mismatched Distortion Measures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niesen, Urs; Wornell, Gregory

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the problem of lossy source coding with a mismatched distortion measure. That is, we investigate what distortion guarantees can be made with respect to distortion measure $\\tilde{\\rho}$, for a source code designed such that it achieves distortion less than $D$ with respect to distortion measure $\\rho$. We find a single-letter characterization of this mismatch distortion and study properties of this quantity. These results give insight into the robustness of lossy source coding with respect to modeling errors in the distortion measure. They also provide guidelines on how to choose a good tractable approximation of an intractable distortion measure.

  7. In-facility transport code review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spore, J.W.; Boyack, B.E.; Bohl, W.R. [and others

    1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The following computer codes were reviewed by the In-Facility Transport Working Group for application to the in-facility transport of radioactive aerosols, flammable gases, and/or toxic gases: (1) CONTAIN, (2) FIRAC, (3) GASFLOW, (4) KBERT, and (5) MELCOR. Based on the review criteria as described in this report and the versions of each code available at the time of the review, MELCOR is the best code for the analysis of in-facility transport when multidimensional effects are not significant. When multi-dimensional effects are significant, GASFLOW should be used.

  8. MELCOR accident consequence code system (MACCS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alpert, D.J.; Chanin, D.I.; Helton, J.C.; Ostmeyer, R.M.; Ritchie, L.T.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Currently, the usefulness of reactor accident consequence assessments for providing guidance for planning and decision making is limited by the poor definition of uncertainties in predicted results. The MELCOR Accident Consequence Code System has been structured to facilitate performing uncertainty and sensitivity analyses. MACCS incorporates improved modeling capabilities in the treatment of variable or long duration releases, deposition modeling, dosimetry, emergency response, radiological health effects, and economic effects. At this writing (March 1985), the new code system has been completed and is undergoing testing, de-bugging, etc. Release of the first version of the full MELCOR code system, with associated documentation, is anticipated for the Autumn of 1985.

  9. Turbo Equalization With Irregular Turbo Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vladimir D. Trajkovi?; Minyue Fu; Peter J. Schreier

    Abstract—We analyze a turbo equalization system that combines Maximum a Posteriori Probability (MAP) equalization with irregular turbo codes. Our goal is to approach the information capacity limit for severe Inter-Symbol Interference (ISI) channels. To this end, we optimize the degree profile of irregular turbo codes by maximizing the minimum distance between the mutual information transfer functions for the MAP equalizer and decoder. We show that turbo equalizers employing such optimized irregular turbo codes can approach the information capacity limit of some severe ISI channels within 0.75 dB. I.

  10. CMSC 101 / IS 101Y Fall 2013 Processing Coding Standards In order to make code more readable, most organizations will have written style guidelines for code.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seaman, Carolyn

    , most organizations will have written style guidelines for code. These can be either fairly flexible indentation to make code easier to read. For example, after a method you should indent the code underneath. An inline comment should appear above the code to which it applies and should be indented to the same level

  11. Symmetrical Multilevel Diversity Coding and Subset Entropy Inequalities 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Jinjing

    2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Symmetrical multilevel diversity coding (SMDC) is a classical model for coding over distributed storage. In this setting, a simple separate encoding strategy known as superposition coding was shown to be optimal in terms of achieving the minimum sum...

  12. Serially Concatenated Coded Continuous Phase Modulation for Aeronautical Telemetry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Porur Damodaran, Kanagaraj

    2008-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis treats the development of bandwidth-efficient serially concatenated coded (SCC) continuous phase modulation (CPM) techniques for aeronautical telemetry. The concatenated code consists of an inner and an outer code, separated...

  13. QR Codes in the Stacks: The Little Project that Could

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bussmann, Jeffra

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Largely dependent on QR codes entering and being accepted incontinue to use & embed QR codes until the next technologyQR Codes in the Stacks: The Little Project That Could This

  14. Rateless and rateless unequal error protection codes for Gaussian channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyle, Kevin P. (Kevin Patrick)

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis we examine two different rateless codes and create a rateless unequal error protection code, all for the additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channel. The two rateless codes are examined through both analysis ...

  15. asms2004 session code: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 SPRING 2015 (TERM 1154) MODULAR SESSION CODES DATES SESSION CODE DATES SESSION CODE Materials Science Websites Summary: SPRING 2015...

  16. Recursive error correction for general Reed-Muller codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dumer, I; Shabunov, K

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for low-rate Reed-Muller codes,” IEEE Trans. Info. Theory,of low-rate Reed-Muller codes,” Proc. 9 th All-Union Conf.decoding of u|u + v| codes,” IEEE Selected Areas Commun. ,

  17. Structured Codes in Information Theory: MIMO and Network Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhan, Jiening

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on Distortion . . . . . 5.2.5 Code Construction: Nestedlinear time invariant codes are sufficient to achieve cut-1973. [4] R. Ahlswede, “Group codes do not achieve shannon’s

  18. affects coding mrnas: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    steroid hormone receptor mRNAs were examined in the diencephalon Crews, David 20 Spinal codes MIT - DSpace Summary: Spinal codes are a new class of rateless codes that enable...

  19. advanced code system: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    coding techniques based on Reed-Solomon (RS) and low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes. These two prominent families of error-correcting codes have attracted a (more)...

  20. Upper bounds on minimum distance of nonbinary quantum stabilizer codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, Santosh

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The most popular class of quantum error correcting codes is stabilizer codes. Binary quantum stabilizer codes have been well studied, and Calderbank, Rains, Shor and Sloane (July 1998) have constructed a table of upper bounds on the minimum distance...

  1. Building Energy Code for the District of Columbia

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The DC Energy Conservation Code is updated regularly as national codes are revised or if a change is proposed by local code enforcement officials, industry, design professionals, or other...

  2. Asymptotics of the quantum Hamming bound for subsystem codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andreas Klappenecker; Pradeep Kiran Sarvepalli

    2007-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Ashikhmin and Litsyn showed that all binary stabilizer codes - pure or impure - of sufficiently large length obey the quantum Hamming bound, ruling out the possibility that impure codes of large length can outperform pure codes with respect to sphere packing. In contrast we show that impure subsystem codes do not obey the quantum Hamming bound for pure subsystem codes, not even asymptotically. We show that there exist arbitrarily long Bacon-Shor codes that violate the quantum Hamming bound.

  3. Disrupting Heteronormative Codes: When Cylons in Slash Goggles Ogle AnnaKournikova

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marino, Mark C.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2] Marino, M. 2006. Critical Code Studies. electronic bookDisrupting Heteronormative Codes: When Cylons in Slashcharacteristics of computer code using a Critical Code

  4. SciTech Connect: Results and code predictions for ABCOVE aerosol...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Results and code predictions for ABCOVE aerosol code validation - Test AB5 Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Results and code predictions for ABCOVE aerosol code...

  5. Full Core, Heterogeneous, Time Dependent Neutron Transport Calculations with the 3D Code DeCART

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hursin, Mathieu

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    methods represented by the PARCS code. In general there isPARCS Code ______________________________________________state conditions. 5.2.2. PARCS Code The PARCS code (Downar,

  6. Analysis of Arithmetic Coding for Data Compression

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howard, Paul G.; Vitter, Jeffrey Scott

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Arithmetic coding, in conjunction with a suitable probabilistic model, can pro- vide nearly optimal data compression. In this article we analyze the e ect that the model and the particular implementation of arithmetic ...

  7. Safety, codes and standards for hydrogen installations :

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harris, Aaron P.; Dedrick, Daniel E.; LaFleur, Angela Christine; San Marchi, Christopher W.

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Automakers and fuel providers have made public commitments to commercialize light duty fuel cell electric vehicles and fueling infrastructure in select US regions beginning in 2014. The development, implementation, and advancement of meaningful codes and standards is critical to enable the effective deployment of clean and efficient fuel cell and hydrogen solutions in the energy technology marketplace. Metrics pertaining to the development and implementation of safety knowledge, codes, and standards are important to communicate progress and inform future R&D investments. This document describes the development and benchmarking of metrics specific to the development of hydrogen specific codes relevant for hydrogen refueling stations. These metrics will be most useful as the hydrogen fuel market transitions from pre-commercial to early-commercial phases. The target regions in California will serve as benchmarking case studies to quantify the success of past investments in research and development supporting safety codes and standards R&D.

  8. Statistical Mechanical Models and Topological Color Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Bombin; M. A. Martin-Delgado

    2007-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We find that the overlapping of a topological quantum color code state, representing a quantum memory, with a factorized state of qubits can be written as the partition function of a 3-body classical Ising model on triangular or Union Jack lattices. This mapping allows us to test that different computational capabilities of color codes correspond to qualitatively different universality classes of their associated classical spin models. By generalizing these statistical mechanical models for arbitrary inhomogeneous and complex couplings, it is possible to study a measurement-based quantum computation with a color code state and we find that their classical simulatability remains an open problem. We complement the meaurement-based computation with the construction of a cluster state that yields the topological color code and this also gives the possibility to represent statistical models with external magnetic fields.

  9. Nonlinear transform coding with lossless polar coordinates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ba, Demba Elimane

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In conventional transform coding, the importance of preserving desirable quantization partition cell shapes prevents one from considering the use of a nonlinear change of variables. If no linear transformation of a given ...

  10. Unequal error protection of subband coded bits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Devalla, Badarinath

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Source coded data can be separated into different classes based on their susceptibility to channel errors. Errors in the Important bits cause greater distortion in the reconstructed signal. This thesis presents an Unequal Error Protection scheme...

  11. The State of Energy Codes in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herbert, C.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -11-44 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 Code Compliance Program Launched NASEO, SECO, PNNL, SPEER, and Stakeholders Objective 1: Implement a robust compliance education, training, and outreach program (the...

  12. City of Chicago- Building Energy Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Chicago Energy Conservation Code (CECC) requires residential buildings applying for building permits to comply with energy efficient measures which go beyond those required by the [http://www...

  13. City of Los Angeles- Zoning Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Chapter I of Los Angeles' Municipal Code, Height of Building or Structures, provides an exemption for solar energy devices, or similar structures. They may be erected above the height limit...

  14. Wavelet Domain Based Techniques for Video Coding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kutil, Rade

    Wavelet Domain Based Techniques for Video Coding Dissertation zur Erlangung des Doktorgrades an der . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 2.4.3 Error Resilience . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 3 Wavelet Transform 18 3.1 Wavelet Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 3.1.1 Fourier Transform (FT

  15. Prescriptive Codes: A Cure or a Curse?

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This presentation was given at the Summer 2012 DOE Building America meeting on July 26, 2012, and addressed the question ŤDo codes and standards get in the way of high performance?"

  16. Module 9: Acts, Codes, Regulations and Guidelines

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This course covers the mandating of alternative fuel vehicles in the US, the codes, regulations, and guidelines concerning the use of hydrogen, where to look for additional information on hydrogen standards

  17. SVN commits: code Ss-shifted architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SVN commits: code Ss-shifted architecture ­ hit_filter can run between merger and fitter Most merge Supports SS-1/2 shifted architecture Supports bank extensions *.patt.bz2 etc ­ Used on the grid

  18. Gaussian process emulation of dynamic computer codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oakley, Jeremy

    Gaussian process emulation of dynamic computer codes By Stefano Conti, Centre for Health Economics of simulator runs. In particular, standard Monte Carlo based methods of sensitivity analysis require thousands

  19. INVESTIGATION Coding Gene Single Nucleotide Polymorphism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernatchez, Louis

    INVESTIGATION Coding Gene Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Mapping and Quantitative Trait Loci QTL detection single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) reproduction Salvelinus fontinalis Linkages maps such as microsatellites and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Also, compared with previ- ous methods based

  20. Stop Playing Favorites with the Tax Code 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Lori L.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    particularly harmful form of playing favorites with the tax code by encouraging vertical integration and discouraging reliance upon outside small businesses. Eliminating sales tax exemptions and exclusions would go a long way toward solving budget problems...

  1. Energy Code Compliance and Enforcement Best Practices (Text Version...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Energy Code Compliance and Enforcement Best Practices (Text Version) Energy Code Compliance and Enforcement Best Practices (Text Version) Curtis Framel: Good afternoon, and good...

  2. Carrier and Timing Synchronization of BPSK via LDPC Code Feedback

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valles, Esteban

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    using code constraint feedback,” IEEE CommunicationsQPSK using soft decision feedback,” Proc. IEEE 44th Allertonof BPSK via LDPC Code Feedback Esteban L. Vall´ s, Richard

  3. Code Gaps and Future Research Needs of Combustion Safety: Building...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Code Gaps and Future Research Needs of Combustion Safety: Building America Expert Meeting Update Code Gaps and Future Research Needs of Combustion Safety: Building America Expert...

  4. Fact Sheet: Codes and Standards for Energy Storage System Performance...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Codes and Standards for Energy Storage System Performance and Safety (June 2014) Fact Sheet: Codes and Standards for Energy Storage System Performance and Safety (June 2014) The...

  5. assessment code ufotri: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of performance assessments of general code ensembles including low density parity check codes, although its mathematical j... Kabashima, Yoshiyuki 2008-01-01 8 Experiences in...

  6. agreement specification code: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    channels and the recent works on information theoretic security are based on random codes. Achieving information theoretical security with practical coding schemes is of...

  7. advanced mechanistic code: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    validity of the simulated results, comparisons with measurements and other simulation codes are presented. T. Siiskonen; R. Pollanen 2005-05-04 4 Advanced Coding Techniques with...

  8. FEI Program Session: Date: CHRIS Code: Session Number:

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    OPM Federal Executive Institute - DOE CHRIS Codes: (Program Tuition Cost - 19,875.00) *Program Calendar for Fiscal Year 2015 FEI Program Session: Date: CHRIS Code: Session Number:...

  9. Building Energy Codes Implementation Overview - 2014 BTO Peer...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Building Energy Codes Implementation Overview - 2014 BTO Peer Review Building Energy Codes Implementation Overview - 2014 BTO Peer Review Presenter: Jeremiah Williams, U.S....

  10. Removing Barriers to Innovations: Related Codes and Standards...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Removing Barriers to Innovations: Related Codes and Standards CSI Team Removing Barriers to Innovations: Related Codes and Standards CSI Team This presentation was delivered at the...

  11. alpha coding sequence: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Carlo code, known as AASI, is developed for simulating energy spectra in alpha spectrometry. The code documented here is a comprehensive package where all the major processes...

  12. anamari simulation code: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Carlo code, known as AASI, is developed for simulating energy spectra in alpha spectrometry. The code documented here is a comprehensive package where all the major processes...

  13. State and Local Code Implementation: Midwest Region - 2014 BTO...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Code Implementation: Midwest Region - 2014 BTO Peer Review Presenter: Isaac Elencave, Midwest Energy Efficiency Alliance View the Presentation State and Local Code...

  14. State and Local Code Implementation: South-central Region - 2014...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2014 BTO Peer Review State and Local Code Implementation: Northeast Region - 2014 BTO Peer Review State and Local Code Implementation: State Energy Officials - 2014 BTO Peer Review...

  15. State and Local Code Implementation: Northeast Region - 2014...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    South-central Region - 2014 BTO Peer Review Building Energy Codes Program - 2014 BTO Peer Review State and Local Code Implementation: State Energy Officials - 2014 BTO Peer Review...

  16. V-043: Perl Locale::Maketext Module '_compile()' Multiple Code...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Let Remote Authenticated Users Execute Arbitrary Code and View Arbitrary Files V-002: EMC NetWorker Module for Microsoft Applications Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code...

  17. Technical Standards, ALOHA-Code Guidance- June 22, 2004

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE-EH-4.2.1.4-ALOHA-Code Guidance, ALOHA Computer Code Application Guidance for Documented Safety Analysis

  18. PROFIL DE POSTE Code : ENRRH08

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Tiggelen, Bart

    PROFIL DE POSTE Code : ENRRH08 Version : 00 TECHNICIEN AM�NAGEMENT INT�RIEUR Date : 01). Compétences Connaître le parc machines atelier et les matériaux utilisés ; Avoir des notions de base ; Appliquer les règles de sécurité ; #12;PROFIL DE POSTE Code : ENRRH08 Version : 00 TECHNICIEN

  19. Programming Language Evolution and Source Code Rejuvenation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pirkelbauer, Peter Mathias

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    entropy. In conjunction with extensions to programming languages, source code rejuvenation o ers an evolutionary trajectory towards more reliable, more secure, and better performing code. We describe the tools that allow us e cient implementations..., provision of specialized libraries, enhancements of programming techniques, experiments with analysis and design techniques, and implementation of development and analysis tools. The ubiquitous multi-core architectures o er performance bene ts...

  20. 2010 Texas Jurisdiction Energy Code Adoption Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    populations greater than 25,000. The results for Energy Code Adoption are as follows: City Code Year Abilene 2000 Addison 2006 Allen 2006 Amarillo 2006 Angleton None Arlington 2009 Austin 2009 Baytown 2006 Beaumont 2009 Bedford 2000 Big Spring... 2006 Borger 2000 Brownsville 2006 Bryan 2003 Burleson 2006 Carrollton 2006 Cedar Hill 2006 Cedar Park 2009 Cleburne 2003 College Station 2009 Conroe 2000 Coppell 2006 Copperas Cove 2000 Corpus Christi 2003 Corsicana 2009 Dallas 2006...