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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motors time clocks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Mercury Atomic Clock Sets Time-Keeping Record  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mercury Atomic Clock Sets Time-Keeping Record. ... A prototype mercury optical clock originally was demonstrated at NIST in 2000. ...

2013-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

2

Mercury Atomic Clock Keeps Time with Record Accuracy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... clocks would be needed to continuously keep time, because primary standard clocks ... used to induce the ion's transition between two energy levels. ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

3

NIST: A Walk Through Time - Early Clocks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... One of the most elaborate clock towers was built by Su Sung and his ... The Su Sung clock tower, over 30 feet tall, possessed a bronze power-driven ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

4

New Time Widget Puts Accurate Clocks on Web Pages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New Time Widget Puts Accurate Clocks on Web Pages. ... Web ďwidgetsĒ are small application programs designed to be run inside Web pages. ...

2011-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

5

Clock rates, clock settings and the physics of the space-time Lorentz transformation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A careful study is made of the operational meaning of the time symbols appearing in the space-time Lorentz transformation. Four distinct symbols, with different physical meanings, are needed to describe reciprocal measurements involving stationary and uniformly-moving clocks. Physical predictions concern only the observed rate of a clock as a function of its relative speed, not its setting. How the failure to make this distinction leads to the conventional predictions of spurious `relativity of simultaneity' and `length contraction' effects in special relativity is explained.

J. H. Field

2006-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

6

Transition Time Bounded Low-power Clock Tree Construction Min Pan, Chris Chong-Nuen Chu and J. Morris Chang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transition Time Bounded Low-power Clock Tree Construction Min Pan, Chris Chong-Nuen Chu and J signal extremely tight. Hence, it is necessary to have transition time bounds to construct low-power clock trees in high performance systems. In this paper, we formulate the transition time bounded low-power

Chu, Chris C.-N.

7

Clock independent timing verification of level-sensitive latches  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a method to automatically handle level-sensitive latches in timing analysis/verification. Timing specifications, including delays and timing constraints, are automatically generated for the cells in the design. The generated timing ...

Robert TjšrnstrŲm

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

New Guide Is Timely for Radio Controlled Clocks, Watches  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... to official US time provided by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have become more popular as prices drop and style ...

2013-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

9

Time-cost analysis of a quantum key distribution system clocked at 100 MHz  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe the realization of a quantum key distribution (QKD) system clocked at 100 MHz. The system includes classical postprocessing implemented via software, and is operated over a 12 km standard telecommunication dark fiber in a real-world environment. A time-cost analysis of the sifted, error-corrected, and secret key rates relative to the raw key rate is presented, and the scalability of our implementation with respect to higher secret key rates is discussed.

Xiaofan Mo; Itzel Lucio Martinez; Philip Chan; Chris Healey; Steve Hosier; Wolfgang Tittel

2011-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

10

Prediction of clock time hourly global radiation from daily values over  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Prediction of clock time hourly global radiation from daily values over Prediction of clock time hourly global radiation from daily values over Bangladesh Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): A need for predicting hourly global radiation exists for many locations particularly in Bangladesh for which measured values are not available and daily values have to be estimated from sunshine data. The CPRG model has been used to predict values of hourly Gh for Dhaka (23.770N, 90.380E), Chittagong (22.270N, 91.820E) and Bogra (24.850N, 89.370E) for = ¬Ī7.50, ¬Ī22.50, ¬Ī37.50, ¬Ī52.50, ¬Ī67.50, ¬Ī82.50 and ¬Ī97.50 i.e., for ¬Ī1/2, ¬Ī3/2, ¬Ī5/2, ¬Ī7/2, ¬Ī9/2, ¬Ī11/2, ¬Ī13/2 hours before and after solar noon and the computed values for different months are symmetrical about solar noon whereas for many months experimental data show a clear asymmetry. To obtain improved

11

Real Time Flux Control in PM Motors  

SciTech Connect

Significant research at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Power Electronics and Electric Machinery Research Center (PEEMRC) is being conducted to develop ways to increase (1) torque, (2) speed range, and (3) efficiency of traction electric motors for hybrid electric vehicles (HEV) within existing current and voltage bounds. Current is limited by the inverter semiconductor devices' capability and voltage is limited by the stator wire insulation's ability to withstand the maximum back-electromotive force (emf), which occurs at the upper end of the speed range. One research track has been to explore ways to control the path and magnitude of magnetic flux while the motor is operating. The phrase, real time flux control (RTFC), refers to this mode of operation in which system parameters are changed while the motor is operating to improve its performance and speed range. RTFC has potential to meet an increased torque demand by introducing additional flux through the main air gap from an external source. It can augment the speed range by diverting flux away from the main air gap to reduce back-emf at high speeds. Conventional RTFC technology is known as vector control [1]. Vector control decomposes the stator current into two components; one that produces torque and a second that opposes (weakens) the magnetic field generated by the rotor, thereby requiring more overall stator current and reducing the efficiency. Efficiency can be improved by selecting a RTFC method that reduces the back-emf without increasing the average current. This favors methods that use pulse currents or very low currents to achieve field weakening. Foremost in ORNL's effort to develop flux control is the work of J. S. Hsu. Early research [2,3] introduced direct control of air-gap flux in permanent magnet (PM) machines and demonstrated it with a flux-controlled generator. The configuration eliminates the problem of demagnetization because it diverts all the flux from the magnets instead of trying to oppose it. It is robust and could be particularly useful for PM generators and electric vehicle drives. Recent efforts have introduced a brushless machine that transfers a magneto-motive force (MMF) generated by a stationary excitation coil to the rotor [4]. Although a conventional PM machine may be field weakened using vector control, the air-gap flux density cannot be effectively enhanced. In Hsu's new machine, the magnetic field generated by the rotor's PM may be augmented by the field from the stationery excitation coil and channeled with flux guides to its desired destination to enhance the air-gap flux that produces torque. The magnetic field can also be weakened by reversing the current in the stationary excitation winding. A patent for advanced technology in this area is pending. Several additional RTFC methods have been discussed in open literature. These include methods of changing the number of poles by magnetizing and demagnetizing the magnets poles with pulses of current corresponding to direct-axis (d-axis) current of vector control [5,6], changing the number of stator coils [7], and controlling the air gap [8]. Test experience has shown that the magnet strengths may vary and weaken naturally as rotor temperature increases suggesting that careful control of the rotor temperature, which is no easy task, could yield another method of RTFC. The purpose of this report is to (1) examine the interaction of rotor and stator flux with regard to RTFC, (2) review and summarize the status of RTFC technology, and (3) compare and evaluate methods for RTFC with respect to maturity, advantages and limitations, deployment difficulty and relative complexity.

Otaduy, P.J.

2005-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

12

BCDA Bunch Clock  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bunch Clock Generator Bunch Clock Generator Version 1.20 (January 2005) David M. Kline. The Bunch Clock Generator (BCG) was developed to provide bunch pattern and timing information as an mechanism for triggering beamline instrumentation. The BCG100 is a VME-based A16 module that was designed specifically for a timed resolved experiment in the APS SRI-CAT. The BCG100 receives the P0 revolution clock and a RF 352Mhz signal from another VME-based module referred to as the FRX352. It receives the P0 clock and a 44Mhz signal over fiber and can propagate them to multiple BCG100 modules if required. Furthermore, it converts the 44Mhz signal to the 352Mhz signal for the BCG100. Refer to this document for additional information regarding the Bunch Clock Generator. The focus of this page is to provide information of

13

Channel Modeling and Time Delay Estimation for Clock Synchronization Among Seaweb Nodes  

SciTech Connect

From simulations, tracking of the impulse response is feasible. Potential to benefit other functions such as ranging between two nodes. Potential to combine the features of different protocols to create a new and more realistic clock-synchronization protocol.

Gagnon, P; Rice, J; Clark, G A

2012-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

14

Molecular Clocks: Determining the Age of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Molecular Clocks: Determining the Age of the Human­Chimpanzee Divergence Michael I Jensen `molecular clock') allows for the estimation of the time of divergence between modern species, dependent on calibrating the clock with known divergence dates from the fossil record. The molecular clock gives dates

Seaman, Michael I.

15

Biological clock  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biological clock Biological clock Name: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: How does a person's biological clock work? Replies: I believe there's a region or gland in the brain that regulates biological clocks. This region or gland senses the environment's day/night cycle. I'm afraid I don't know much more than that. Hope this helps. --- jade No one knows for sure how any circadian (nearly 24 hour-in Latin) clock works. Some interesting facts, though. The pineal gland in the brain is important. Although shifting the day-night cycle can shift the clock, the clock runs on its own without any dark-light cues. So it seems to be a natural chemical clock with a cycle nearly, but not exactly at 24 hours, which is entrained by the 24 hour day-night cycle. There are neurons in lower animals which can be kept alive alone, isolate from the nervous system and from any light-dark cues, that show electrical activity on a near-24-hours cycle

16

Characterizing the effects of clock jitter due to substrate noise in discrete-time D/S modulators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates the impact of clock jitter induced by substrate noise on the performance of the oversampling DS modulators. First, a new stochastic model for substrate noise is proposed. This model is then utilized to study the clock jitter in ... Keywords: DS modulators, jitter, mixed-signal integrated circuits, phase noise, phase-locked loop, substrate noise

Payam Heydari

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

PLL-based active optical clock distribution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reducing the timing uncertainty associated with clock edges has become an exceedingly difficult problem as clock frequencies in high-performance processors increase past several gigahertz. Absolute quantities of skew and ...

Kern, Alexandra M., 1979-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Interferometers as Holographic Clocks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new fundamental limit is postulated on measurement of time in holographic theories where light sheets carry degrees of freedom that saturate the entropy limit of black hole event horizons. Holographic clock operators are associated with null displacements and spatial orientations. Null fields preserve clock phase along their propagation direction, and clock phase is invariant on null sheets, but time measurements in different directions do not commute. This hypothesis is shown to lead to spatially coherent holographic noise in relative phases of null fields propagating in different directions. Current technology allows Michelson interferometers to achieve the Planck-scale holographic noise limit in differential phase measurements. Cross-correlations of holographic phase noise between interferometers are calculated, depending on their separation and alignment.

Hogan, Craig J

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Towards clock skew based services in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clock skew, an inherent property of clock crystals of physical devices, is defined as the rate of deviation of a device clock from the true time. The frequency of a device's clock actually depends on its environment, such as the temperature, humidity, ... Keywords: Sybil attacks, attack detection, clock crystals, clock skews, covert channels, electromagnetic interference, fingerprinting, geolocation, humidity, malfunctioning mote identification, malicious mote identification, measurement, multi-hop WSN, node identification, security, sensor motes, temperature, vibration, wireless networks, wireless sensor networks, wormhole attacks

Md. Borhan Uddin; Claude Castelluccia

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in a Finger-tapping Task Separates Motor from Timing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in a Finger- tapping Task Separates Motor from Timing Mechanisms,3 , and Elisha Moses1 Abstract & We study the interplay between motor programs and their timing in the brain by using precise pulses of transcranial mag- netic stimulation (TMS) applied to the primary motor cortex

Moses, Elisha

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motors time clocks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Linking Error, Passage of Time, the Cerebellum and the Primary Motor Cortex to the Multiple Timescales of Motor Memory By  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently, our laboratory proposed that a single model could account for a large body of behavioral data in numerous motor adaptation paradigms. The idea was that motor memory is supported by at least two interacting processes: a fast process that learns quickly from motor error but rapidly forgets, and a slow process that only gradually learns from error but has long-term retention. The main purpose of this research is to uncover the time and error-dependent properties of these putative processes and to ask whether there is a link between these processes and the functions of the cerebellum and primary motor cortex. How does passage of time affect retention of motor memories? The typical approach is to learn a task, and then look at retention as a function of time. However, if motor memories are supported by multiple processes, then a better way to reveal their timescales is to adapt, reverse adapt, and then quantify retention. The prediction of our theory is that there should be spontaneous recovery of the initial adaptation with passage of time. Because theory predicts that reverse adaptation will primarily engage the fast

Sarah Hemminger; Sarah Hemminger

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Radio-controlled clocks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... inside, which receives a signal that comes from a place where an atomic clock is ... If your clock uses batteries, check them and replace if necessary. ...

2012-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

23

NIST Unveils Chip-Scale Atomic Clock  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 100 times smaller than any other atomic clockóhas ... precise timekeeping in portable, battery-powered devices ... to be operated on batteries) and are ...

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

24

The modelling reported here updates and revises pilot work-in-progress reported in Cronin and Garnsey 2007, Is there Evidence in Favour of Clock Time on GMT,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and piloting an exploratory methodology. 1 Summary The impact of clock time on electricity usage is examined using British evidence. New findings are reported from a 2008-9 inquiry based on a nonlinear regression methodology (SVR) for estimating the potential effect on electricity demand in Britain of advancing the clock by an hour between November and March. Electricity demand data were supplied by National Grid for 2001-8. Analysis of the data showed that had the clocks not been put back to GMT in winter, electricity savings of 885 GWhs of electricity could have been achieved. GB average daily demand for electricity could have been lower, with a reduction in peak demand for electricity of up to 4.3 % during periods of high demand. The electricity wasted on GMT could have supplied 200,000 households and around 447,000 tonnes of CO2 emissions could have been avoided. The market price of electricity was found to be higher by 0.8 % as a result of higher peaks in demand (November study). The effect on the price actually paid by end-users is not direct or immediate because of forward contracts between utilities companies and suppliers. But

Yu-foong Chong; Elizabeth Garnsey; Simon Hill; Frederic Desobry

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Orientation-Dependent Entanglement Lifetime in a Squeezed Atomic Clock  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study experimentally the lifetime of a special class of entangled states in an atomic clock, squeezed spin states. In the presence of anisotropic noise, their lifetime is strongly dependent on squeezing orientation. We measure the Allan deviation spectrum of a clock operated with a phase-squeezed input state. For integration times up to 50 s the squeezed clock achieves a given precision 2.8(3) times faster than a clock operating at the standard quantum limit.

Ian D. Leroux; Monika H. Schleier-Smith; Vladan Vuleti?

2010-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

26

Light clocks in strong gravitational fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We argue that the time measured by a light clock operating with photons rather than classical light requires a refinement of the standard clock postulate in general relativity. In the presence of a gravitational field, already the one-loop quantum corrections to classical Maxwell theory affect light propagation and the construction of observers' frames of reference. Carefully taking into account these kinematic effects, a concise geometric expression for the time shown by a light clock is obtained. This result has far-reaching implications for physics in strong gravitational fields.

Raffaele Punzi; Frederic P. Schuller; Mattias N. R. Wohlfarth

2009-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

27

Light clocks in strong gravitational fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We argue that the time measured by a light clock operating with photons rather than classical light requires a refinement of the standard clock postulate in general relativity. In the presence of a gravitational field, already the one-loop quantum corrections to classical Maxwell theory affect light propagation and the construction of observers' frames of reference. Carefully taking into account these kinematic effects, a concise geometric expression for the time shown by a light clock is obtained. This result has far-reaching implications for physics in strong gravitational fields.

Punzi, Raffaele; Wohlfarth, Mattias N R

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Dissecting the Operating Mechanism of a Biological Motor One Molecule at a Time  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a viral DNA packaging motor. Nature 461, 669-673 ē Abrahams,of High Resolution Recordings of Motor Movement, Biophysicalstructure of the dynein motor domain. Science 331, 1159-

Chistol, Gheorghe

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Collaboration Helps Make JILA Strontium Atomic Clock 'Best ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... View full-size version of the strontium clock animation>>. To view animations that are "mov files," QuickTime player is required. ...

30

Solving the Fast Clock Problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This power quality (PQ) case study troubleshoots then solves the problem of digital clocks running fast.

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

31

A decision support system of vehicle routing and refueling for motor carriers with time-sensitive demands  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Given the recent trend of raising fuel cost and the increased time-sensitiveness of shippers, an extensive pressure is placed on the motor-carrier industry to meet the time-constrained customer demands at minimum fuel cost. We propose a decision support ... Keywords: Decision support system, Fuel cost, Motor carriers, Optimization, Vehicle routing

Yoshinori Suzuki

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

What Time is It?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... These are sometimes marketed as "atomic clocks", but ... problems include incorrectly setting your local time zone on the clock, batteries that need ...

2011-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

33

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Implementation of a Quantum Clock Synchronization Algorithm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The quantum clock synchronization algorithm proposed by I. L. Chuang (Phys. Rev. Lett, 85, 2006(2000)) has been implemented in a three qubit nuclear magnetic resonance quantum system. The effective-pure state is prepared by the spatial averaging approach. The time difference between two separated clocks can be determined by reading out directly through the NMR spectra.

Jingfu Zhang; Guilu Long; Zhiwei Deng; Wenzhang Liu; Zhiheng Lu

2004-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

34

Longitudinal light clock vs special relativity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to respect the Principle of Relativity, the analysis of the behavior of the longitudinal light clock reveals the necessity to extend the Doppler effect also to space and time. As a consequence, the bodies in inertial motion must dilate along the direction of their movement.

Giovanni Zanella

2011-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

35

A bunch clock for the Advanced Photon Source  

SciTech Connect

A bunch clock timing module has been developed for use by Advanced Photon Source beamlines. The module provides bunch pattern and timing information that can be used to trigger beamline data collection equipment. The module is fully integrated into the control system software (EPICS) which automatically loads it with the storage ring fill pattern at injection time. Fast timing outputs (1 ns FWHM) for each stored bunch are generated using the storage ring low-level rf and revolution clock as input references. Fiber-optic-based transmitters and receivers are used to transmit a 352-MHz low-level rf reference to distributed bunch clock modules. The bunch clock module is a single-width VME module and may be installed in a VME crate located near beamline instrumentation. A prototype has been in use on the SRI CAT beamline for over a year. The design and integration into the control system timing software along with measured performance results are presented.

Lenkszus, F.R.; Laird, R.J. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Advanced Photon Source

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

The optimization of General Motors' warranty system by reducing mean time to discover failure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Warranty is an important part of many organizations. Warranty costs take money directly away from corporations' bottom line. General Motors Corporations warranty liability costs its shareholders upwards of billion dollars ...

Ellington, Jelani H. (Jelani Hester)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

JILA Researchers Discover Atomic Clock Can Simulate ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Artist's conception of interactions among atoms in JILA's strontium atomic clock during a quantum simulation experiment. ...

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

38

Clock distribution system for digital computers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus for eliminating, in each clock distribution amplifier of a clock distribution system, sequential pulse catch-up error due to one pulse "overtaking" a prior clock pulse. The apparatus includes timing means to produce a periodic electromagnetic signal with a fundamental frequency having a fundamental frequency component V'.sub.01 (t); an array of N signal characteristic detector means, with detector means No. 1 receiving the timing means signal and producing a change-of-state signal V.sub.1 (t) in response to receipt of a signal above a predetermined threshold; N substantially identical filter means, one filter means being operatively associated with each detector means, for receiving the change-of-state signal V.sub.n (t) and producing a modified change-of-state signal V'.sub.n (t) (n=1, . . . , N) having a fundamental frequency component that is substantially proportional to V'.sub.01 (t-.theta..sub.n (t) with a cumulative phase shift .theta..sub.n (t) having a time derivative that may be made uniformly and arbitrarily small; and with the detector means n+1 (1.ltoreq.n

Wyman, Robert H. (Brentwood, CA); Loomis, Jr., Herschel H. (Davis, CA)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Colloquium: Physics of optical lattice clocks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently invented and demonstrated, optical lattice clocks hold great promise for improving the precision of modern timekeeping. These clocks aim at the 10^-18 fractional accuracy, which translates into a clock that would neither lose or gain a fraction of a second over an estimated age of the Universe. In these clocks, millions of atoms are trapped and interrogated simultaneously, dramatically improving clock stability. Here we discuss the principles of operation of these clocks and, in particular, a novel concept of "magic" trapping of atoms in optical lattices. We also highlight recently proposed microwave lattice clocks and several applications that employ the optical lattice clocks as a platform for precision measurements and quantum information processing.

Derevianko, Andrei

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Colloquium: Physics of optical lattice clocks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently invented and demonstrated, optical lattice clocks hold great promise for improving the precision of modern timekeeping. These clocks aim at the 10^-18 fractional accuracy, which translates into a clock that would neither lose or gain a fraction of a second over an estimated age of the Universe. In these clocks, millions of atoms are trapped and interrogated simultaneously, dramatically improving clock stability. Here we discuss the principles of operation of these clocks and, in particular, a novel concept of "magic" trapping of atoms in optical lattices. We also highlight recently proposed microwave lattice clocks and several applications that employ the optical lattice clocks as a platform for precision measurements and quantum information processing.

Andrei Derevianko; Hidetoshi Katori

2010-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motors time clocks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Collisionally Induced Atomic Clock Shifts and Correlations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop a formalism to incorporate exchange symmetry considerations into the calculation of collisional frequency shifts and blackbody radiation effects for atomic clock transitions using a density matrix formalism. The formalism is developed for both fermionic and bosonic atomic clocks. Results for a finite temperature ${}^{87}$Sr ${}^1S_0$ ($F = 9/2$) atomic clock in a magic wavelength optical lattice are presented.

Y. B. Band; I. Osherov

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

42

Timekeeping and clocks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... a submarine. Power companies use precise time to regulate power system grids and reduce power losses. Radio and television ...

2012-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

43

Controlled Clocks: Recommended Practices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) Letter Abbreviation Name Areas Include ­10:00 W HST or Hawaii­Aleutian Central French HAST Standard Time West ­11:00 X SST Samoa Midway Islands Standard Time ­10:00 W HST or Hawaii-Aleutian Central French

Magee, Joseph W.

44

High accuracy measure of atomic polarizability in an optical lattice clock  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Despite being a canonical example of quantum mechanical perturbation theory, as well as one of the earliest observed spectroscopic shifts, the Stark effect contributes the largest source of uncertainty in a modern optical atomic clock through blackbody radiation. By employing an ultracold, trapped atomic ensemble and high stability optical clock, we characterize the quadratic Stark effect with unprecedented precision. We report the ytterbium optical clock's sensitivity to electric fields (such as blackbody radiation) as the differential static polarizability of the ground and excited clock levels: 36.2612(7) kHz (kV/cm)^{-2}. The clock's fractional uncertainty due to room temperature blackbody radiation is reduced an order of magnitude to 3 \\times 10^{-17}.

Sherman, J A; Hinkley, N; Pizzocaro, M; Fox, R W; Ludlow, A D; Oates, C W

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Central Activator Keeps the Circadian Clock Ticking  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Central Activator Keeps the Circadian Clock Ticking Print Central Activator Keeps the Circadian Clock Ticking Print Most living organisms have adapted their physiology and behavior to match the daily cycle of light and dark generated by the rotation of the earth, operating with a period of approximately 24 hours. Molecular machines in cells ultimately control such rhythmic behavior, the details of which-the "circadian clock"-are largely conserved. To understand the inner workings of the circadian clock, researchers from the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center and Howard Hughes Medical Institute used ALS Beamline 8.2.1 to determine the three-dimensional structure of the transcriptional activator CLOCK:BMAL1 complex, the central positive component of the mammalian circadian clock.

46

Central Activator Keeps the Circadian Clock Ticking  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Central Activator Keeps the Circadian Clock Ticking Print Central Activator Keeps the Circadian Clock Ticking Print Most living organisms have adapted their physiology and behavior to match the daily cycle of light and dark generated by the rotation of the earth, operating with a period of approximately 24 hours. Molecular machines in cells ultimately control such rhythmic behavior, the details of which-the "circadian clock"-are largely conserved. To understand the inner workings of the circadian clock, researchers from the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center and Howard Hughes Medical Institute used ALS Beamline 8.2.1 to determine the three-dimensional structure of the transcriptional activator CLOCK:BMAL1 complex, the central positive component of the mammalian circadian clock.

47

High accuracy correction of blackbody radiation shift in an optical lattice clock  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have determined the frequency shift that blackbody radiation is inducing on the $5s^2$ $^1$S$_0$ -- $5s5p$ $^3$P$_0$ clock transition in strontium. Previously its uncertainty limited the uncertainty of strontium lattice clocks to $1\\times10^{-16}$. Now the uncertainty associated to the black body radiation shift correction translates to $5\\times 10^{-18}$ relative frequency uncertainty at room temperature. Our evaluation is based on a measurement of the differential dc-polarizability of the two clock states and on a modeling of the dynamic contribution using this value and experimental data for other atomic properties.

Middelmann, Thomas; Lisdat, Christian; Sterr, Uwe

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

High accuracy correction of blackbody radiation shift in an optical lattice clock  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have determined the frequency shift that blackbody radiation is inducing on the $5s^2$ $^1$S$_0$ -- $5s5p$ $^3$P$_0$ clock transition in strontium. Previously its uncertainty limited the uncertainty of strontium lattice clocks to $1\\times10^{-16}$. Now the uncertainty associated to the black body radiation shift correction translates to $5\\times 10^{-18}$ relative frequency uncertainty at room temperature. Our evaluation is based on a measurement of the differential dc-polarizability of the two clock states and on a modeling of the dynamic contribution using this value and experimental data for other atomic properties.

Thomas Middelmann; Stephan Falke; Christian Lisdat; Uwe Sterr

2012-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

49

Recent atomic clock comparisons at NIST  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... NIST-F1 and the optical clock ran simultaneously, otherwise the absolute frequency was determined using the H-maser as a frequency flywheel. ...

2008-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

50

History of Atomic Clocks at NIST  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... source. 1956 -- Commercial cesium clocks become available, costing $20,000 each. 1959 -- NBS-1 goes into regular service as NIST's primary ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

51

Robust Clock Synchronization Methods for Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) have received huge attention during the recent years due to their applications in a large number of areas such as environmental monitoring, health and traffic monitoring, surveillance and tracking, and monitoring and control of factories and home appliances. Also, the rapid developments in the micro electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) technology and circuit design lead to a faster spread and adoption of WSNs. Wireless sensor networks consist of a number of nodes featured in general with energy-limited sensors capable of collecting, processing and transmitting information across short distances. Clock synchronization plays an important role in designing, implementing, and operating wireless sensor networks, and it is essential in ensuring a meaningful information processing order for the data collected by the nodes. Because the timing message exchanges between different nodes are affected by unknown possibly time-varying network delay distributions, the estimation of clock offset parameters represents a challenge. This dissertation presents several robust estimation approaches of the clock offset parameters necessary for time synchronization of WSNs via the two-way message exchange mechanism. In this dissertation the main emphasis will be put on building clock phase offset estimators robust with respect to the unknown network delay distributions. Under the assumption that the delay characteristics of the uplink and the downlink are asymmetric, the clock offset estimation method using the bootstrap bias correction approach is derived. Also, the clock offset estimator using the robust Mestimation technique is presented assuming that one underlying delay distribution is mixed with another delay distribution. Next, although computationally complex, several novel, efficient, and robust estimators of clock offset based on the particle filtering technique are proposed to cope with the Gaussian or non-Gaussian delay characteristics of the underlying networks. One is the Gaussian mixture Kalman particle filter (GMKPF) method. Another is the composite particle filter (CPF) approach viewed as a composition between the Gaussian sum particle filter and the KF. Additionally, the CPF using bootstrap sampling is also presented. Finally, the iterative Gaussian mixture Kalman particle filter (IGMKPF) scheme, combining the GMKPF with a procedure for noise density estimation via an iterative mechanism, is proposed.

Lee, Jae Han

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Markov Process of Muscle Motors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study a Markov random process describing a muscle molecular motor behavior. Every motor is either bound up with a thin filament or unbound. In the bound state the motor creates a force proportional to its displacement from the neutral position. In both states the motor spend an exponential time depending on the state. The thin filament moves at its velocity proportional to average of all displacements of all motors. We assume that the time which a motor stays at the bound state does not depend on its displacement. Then one can find an exact solution of a non-linear equation appearing in the limit of infinite number of the motors.

Yu. Kondratiev; E. Pechersky; S. Pirogov

2007-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

53

Atomic clocks with suppressed blackbody radiation shift  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop a nonstandard concept of atomic clocks where the blackbody radiation shift (BBRS) and its temperature fluctuations can be dramatically suppressed (by one to three orders of magnitude) independent of the environmental temperature. The suppression is based on the fact that in a system with two accessible clock transitions (with frequencies $\

Yudin, V I; Okhapkin, M V; Bagayev, S N; Tamm, Chr; Peik, E; Huntemann, N; Mehlstaubler, T E; Riehle, F

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

A Heuristic for Clock Selection in High-Level Synthesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clock selection has a significant impact on the performance and quality of designs in high-level synthesis. In most synthesis systems, a convenient value of the clock is chosen or exact (and expensive) methods have been used for clock selection. This ... Keywords: high-level synthesis, clock selection, graph structure, design space exploration, heuristics

J. Ramanujam; Sandeep Deshpande; Jinpyo Hong; Mahmut Kandemir

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Phase measurement system using a dithered clock  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A phase measurement system is disclosed which measures the phase shift between two signals by dithering a clock signal and averaging a plurality of measurements of the phase differences between the two signals. 8 figures.

Fairley, C.R.; Patterson, S.R.

1991-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

56

Techniques for low jitter clock multiplication  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Phase realigning clock multipliers, such as Multiplying Delay-Locked Loops (MDLL), offer significantly reduced random jitter compared to typical Phase-Locked Loops (PLL). This is achieved by introducing the reference signal ...

Helal, Belal M., 1971-

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Tuning Genetic Clocks Employing DNA Binding Sites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Periodic oscillations play a key role in cell physiology from the cell cycle to circadian clocks. The interplay of positive and negative feedback loops among genes and proteins is ubiquitous in these networks. Often, delays ...

Del Vecchio, Domitilla

58

Time and Frequency Division Homepage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Controlled ClocksTelephone TimeDivision HistoryFrequently Asked Questions (FAQ)Time and Frequency from A to Z: An illustrated glossaryA Walk ...

2013-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

59

Stepping motor controller  

SciTech Connect

A stepping motor is microprocessingly controlled by digital circuitry which monitors the output of a shaft encoder adjustably secured to the stepping motor and generates a subsequent stepping pulse only after the preceding step has occurred and a fixed delay has expired. The fixed delay is variable on a real-time basis to provide for smooth and controlled deceleration.

Bourret, Steven C. (Los Alamos, NM); Swansen, James E. (Los Alamos, NM)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Stepping motor controller  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A stepping motor is microprocessor controlled by digital circuitry which monitors the output of a shaft encoder adjustably secured to the stepping motor and generates a subsequent stepping pulse only after the preceding step has occurred and a fixed delay has expired. The fixed delay is variable on a real-time basis to provide for smooth and controlled deceleration.

Bourret, S.C.; Swansen, J.E.

1982-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motors time clocks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Investigation of Circadian Clock in Peripheral Tissues and Immune-Circadian Interaction in the Domestic Fowl, Gallus Domesticus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The circadian system provides living organisms a means to adapt their internal physiology to constantly changing environmental conditions that exists on our rotating planet, Earth. Clocks in peripheral tissues are referred to as peripheral which may participate in tissue-specific functions. The first step to investigating the circadian regulation in the peripheral tissues of avians was to examine for the presence of avian orthologs of core components of the molecular clock using Quantitative real time (qRTPCR) assays. We investigated the avian spleen for daily and circadian control of core clock genes and regulation of the inflammatory response by the spleen clock. The core clock genes, bmal1, bmal2, per2, per3 and clock displayed both daily and circadian rhythms. Proinflammatory cytokines TNF?, IL-1?, IL-6 and IL-18 exhibited daily and circadian rhythmic oscillations. A differential expression of proinflammatory cytokine induction was observed in the spleen undergoing lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute inflammation. Exogenous melatonin administration during inflammation seems to enhance some and repress a few inflammatory cytokines, implying that melatonin is pleiotropic molecule. To compare and contrast the role of peripheral clocks in regulating energy balance and reproduction in layer vs. broiler chicken, the visceral adipose tissue (VAT), ovary and hypothalamus were examined for the presence of core clock genes were investigated in these two lines of poultry birds. Quantitative RT-PCR was employed to examine daily control of core clock genes in these three peripheral tissues over a 24hr period. The layer hens exhibit rhythmic oscillations in the mRNA abundance of the core clock genes in the VAT, ovary and the hypothalamus. The hypothalamus and VAT of the broiler hens exhibit rhythmic mRNA abundance of the core clock genes. However, the clock genes in the ovary of the broiler pullets exhibit marked reduction in their amplitude and rhythms over a 24hr period. The broiler hens are prone to poor energy balance, obesity and reproductive capacity. In summary, these data provide evidence for a functional link between the circadian clock and the ovary by determining clock gene regulation under conditions of disrupted or eliminated reproductive function vs. normal reproductive output.

Kallur, Sailaja

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Clock mechanisms and their effects, leads into steam engine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a clock-makerís shop, Simon Schaffer explains the great precision needed to make clocks, and the development of standardized parts. The feed-back mechanisms or governors are absolutely essential in the first stationary steam engines....

Dugan, David

2004-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

63

All Time, All the Time: Improving NIST Radio  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... need for manual adjustments when Daylight Saving Time begins and ends, and allowing automatic resetting of clocks following a power outage.

2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

64

The chip-scale atomic clock : prototype evaluation.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors have developed a chip-scale atomic clock (CSAC) for applications requiring atomic timing accuracy in portable battery-powered applications. At PTTI/FCS 2005, they reported on the demonstration of a prototype CSAC, with an overall size of 10 cm{sup 3}, power consumption > 150 mW, and short-term stability sy(t) < 1 x 10-9t-1/2. Since that report, they have completed the development of the CSAC, including provision for autonomous lock acquisition and a calibrated output at 10.0 MHz, in addition to modifications to the physics package and system architecture to improve performance and manufacturability.

Mescher, Mark (Charles Stark Draper Laboratory, Cambridge, MA); Varghese, Mathew (Charles Stark Draper Laboratory, Cambridge, MA); Lutwak, Robert (Symmetricom - Technology Realization Center, Beverly, MA); Serkland, Darwin Keith; Tepolt, Gary (Charles Stark Draper Laboratory, Cambridge, MA); Geib, Kent Martin; Leblanc, John (Charles Stark Draper Laboratory, Cambridge, MA); Peake, Gregory Merwin; Rashid, Ahmed (Symmetricom - Technology Realization Center, Beverly, MA)

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Automated Computer Time Service (ACTS)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... provided since 1988 for users who need to synchronize computer clocks to ... For computers with Internet access, the Internet Time Service should be ...

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

66

Extended Salecker-Wigner formula for optimal accuracy in reading a clock via a massive signal particle  

SciTech Connect

In order to acquire an extended Salecker-Wigner formula from which to derive the optimal accuracy in reading a clock with a massive particle as the signal, von Neumann's classical measurement is employed, by which simultaneously both position and momentum of the signal particle can be measured approximately. By an appropriate selection of wave function for the initial state of the composite system (a clock and a signal particle), the formula is derived accurately. Valid ranges of the running time of a clock with a given optimal accuracy are also given. The extended formula means that contrary to the Salecker-Wigner formula there exists the possibility of a higher accuracy of time measurement, even if the mass of the clock is very small.

Kudaka, Shoju; Matsumoto, Shuichi [Department of Physics, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa, Japan and Department of Mathematics, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa (Japan)

2007-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

67

Connecting the Circadian Clock with Chemosensation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chemoreception is a primitive sense universally employed by organisms for finding and selecting food, rejecting toxic chemicals, detecting mates and offspring, choosing sites for egg-laying, recognizing territories and avoiding predators. Chemosensory responses are frequently modulated based on the internal environment of the organism. An organismís internal environment undergoes regular changes in anticipation and in response to daily changes in its external environment, e.g., light-dark cycle. A resettable timekeeping mechanism called the circadian clock internally drives these cyclical changes with a ~24 hour period. Using electrophysiological, behavioral and molecular analyses, I tested where and how these two conserved processes, viz., the circadian timekeeping mechanism and the chemosensory pathway, intersect each other at organismal and cellular levels. The presence of autonomous peripheral oscillators in the chemosensory organs of Drosophila, prompted us to test whether chemosensory responses are under control of the circadian clock. I found that local oscillators in afferent (primary) chemosensory neurons drive rhythms in physiological and behavioral responses to attractive and aversive chemical signals. During the middle of the night, high level of G proteincoupled receptor kinase 2 (GPRK2), a clock controlled signaling molecule present in chemosensory neurons, suppresses tastant-evoked responses and promotes olfactory responses. G-protein mediated signaling was shown to be involved in generating optimal response to odorants. Multifunctional chemosensory clocks exert control on feeding and metabolism. I propose that temporal plasticity in innate behaviors should offer adaptive advantages to flies.

Chatterjee, Abhishek

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Rydberg Spectroscopy in an Optical Lattice: Blackbody Thermometry for Atomic Clocks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that optical spectroscopy of Rydberg states can provide accurate {\\em in situ} thermometry at room-temperature. Transitions from a metastable state to Rydberg states with principal quantum numbers of 25 to 30 have 200 times larger fractional frequency sensitivities to blackbody radiation than the Strontium clock transition. We demonstrate that magic wavelength lattices exist for both Strontium and Ytterbium transitions between the metastable and Rydberg states. Frequency measurements of Rydberg transitions with $10^{-16}$ accuracy provide $10 \\, \\mathrm{mK}$ resolution and yield a blackbody uncertainty for the clock transition of $10^{-18}$.

Ovsiannikov, Vitali D; Gibble, Kurt

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Energy-efficient datapath scheduling using multiple voltages and dynamic clocking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently, dynamic frequency scaling has been explored at the CPU and system levels for power optimization. Low-power datapath scheduling using multiple supply voltages has been well researched. In this work, we develop new datapath scheduling algorithms ... Keywords: High-level synthesis, dynamic frequency clocking, low-power datapath synthesis, multiple voltage scheduling, resource-constrained scheduling, time-constrained scheduling

Saraju P. Mohanty; N. Ranganathan

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Interrogation laser for a strontium lattice clock  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the setup and characterization of a 698 nm master-slave diode laser system to probe the 1S0-3P0 clock transition of strontium atoms confined in a one-dimensional optical lattice. A linewidth in the order of around 100 Hz of the laser system has been measured with respect to an ultrastable 657 nm diode laser with 1 Hz linewidth using a femtosecond fiber comb as transfer oscillator. The laser has been used to measure the magnetically induced 1S0-3P0 clock transition in 88Sr where a linewidth of 165 Hz has been observed. The transfer oscillator method provides a virtual beat signal between the two diode lasers that has been used to phase lock the 698 nm laser to the 1 Hz linewidth laser at 657 nm, transferring its stability to the 698 nm laser system.

Legero, T; Winfred, J S R Vellore; Schnatz, H; Grosche, G; Riehle, F; Sterr, U

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Atomic clocks with suppressed blackbody radiation shift  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop a nonstandard concept of atomic clocks where the blackbody radiation shift (BBRS) and its temperature fluctuations can be dramatically suppressed (by one to three orders of magnitude) independent of the environmental temperature. The suppression is based on the fact that in a system with two accessible clock transitions (with frequencies v1 and v2) which are exposed to the same thermal environment, there exists a "synthetic" frequency v_{syn} (v1-e12 v2) largely immune to the BBRS. As an example, it is shown that in the case of ion 171Yb+ it is possible to create a clock in which the BBRS can be suppressed to the fractional level of 10^{-18} in a broad interval near room temperature (300\\pm 15 K). We also propose a realization of our method with the use of an optical frequency comb generator stabilized to both frequencies v1 and v2. Here the frequency v_{syn} is generated as one of the components of the comb spectrum and can be used as an atomic standard.

V. I. Yudin; A. V. Taichenachev; M. V. Okhapkin; S. N. Bagayev; Chr. Tamm; E. Peik; N. Huntemann; T. E. Mehlstaubler; F. Riehle

2011-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

72

Atomic clock transitions in silicon-based spin qubits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A major challenge in using spins in the solid state for quantum technologies is protecting them from sources of decoherence. This can be addressed, to varying degrees, by improving material purity or isotopic composition for example, or active error correction methods such as dynamic decoupling, or even combinations of the two. However, a powerful method applied to trapped ions in the context of frequency standards and atomic clocks, is the use of particular spin transitions which are inherently robust to external perturbations. Here we show that such `clock transitions' (CTs) can be observed for electron spins in the solid state, in particular using bismuth donors in silicon. This leads to dramatic enhancements in the electron spin coherence time, exceeding seconds. We find that electron spin qubits based on CTs become less sensitive to the local magnetic environment, including the presence of 29Si nuclear spins as found in natural silicon. We expect the use of such CTs will be of additional importance for donor spins in future devices, mitigating the effects of magnetic or electric field noise arising from nearby interfaces.

Gary Wolfowicz; Alexei M. Tyryshkin; Richard E. George; Helge Riemann; Nikolai V. Abrosimov; Peter Becker; Hans-Joachim Pohl; Mike L. W. Thewalt; Stephen A. Lyon; John J. L. Morton

2013-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

73

Orthogonally referenced integrated ensemble for navigation and timing  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An orthogonally referenced integrated ensemble for navigation and timing includes a dual-polyhedral oscillator array, including an outer sensing array of oscillators and an inner clock array of oscillators situated inside the outer sensing array. The outer sensing array includes a first pair of sensing oscillators situated along a first axis of the outer sensing array, a second pair of sensing oscillators situated along a second axis of the outer sensing array, and a third pair of sensing oscillators situated along a third axis of the outer sensing array. The inner clock array of oscillators includes a first pair of clock oscillators situated along a first axis of the inner clock array, a second pair of clock oscillators situated along a second axis of the inner clock array, and a third pair of clock oscillators situated along a third axis of the inner clock array.

Smith, Stephen Fulton; Moore, James Anthony

2013-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

74

Logic synthesis for low power using clock gating and rewiring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Traditionally, clock gating for power saving is mainly done at Register Transistor Level (RTL), while in a lower logical level some synthesis techniques, e.g. Observability Don't Care (ODC) can also be used to provide more power savings. In this paper, ... Keywords: clock gating, logic synthesis, low power

Tak-Kei Lam; Steve Yang; Wai-Chung Tang; Yu-Liang Wu

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Frequency Comparison of Two High-Accuracy Al+ Optical Clocks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have constructed an optical clock with a fractional frequency inaccuracy of 8.6e-18, based on quantum logic spectroscopy of an Al+ ion. A simultaneously trapped Mg+ ion serves to sympathetically laser-cool the Al+ ion and detect its quantum state. The frequency of the 1S0->3P0 clock transition is compared to that of a previously constructed Al+ optical clock with a statistical measurement uncertainty of 7.0e-18. The two clocks exhibit a relative stability of 2.8e-15/ sqrt(tau), and a fractional frequency difference of -1.8e-17, consistent with the accuracy limit of the older clock.

Chou, C -W; Koelemeij, J C J; Wineland, D J; Rosenband, T

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Advanced Electric Motor Predictive Maintenance Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI sponsored the three-year Advanced Electric Motor Predictive Maintenance (AEMPM) project in 2000 to increase the effectiveness of motor maintenance at a time when utilities were in a state of declining motor knowledge due to downsizing and restructuring. The project identified areas for improvement that were common to most utilities and selected appropriate measures to address these concerns. Areas addressed include documenting motor knowledge, increasing utility confidence in newer technologies and ...

2003-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

77

Advanced Motors  

SciTech Connect

Project Summary Transportation energy usage is predicted to increase substantially by 2020. Hybrid vehicles and fuel cell powered vehicles are destined to become more prominent as fuel prices rise with the demand. Hybrid and fuel cell vehicle platforms are both dependent on high performance electric motors. Electric motors for transportation duty will require sizeable low-speed torque to accelerate the vehicle. As motor speed increases, the torque requirement decreases which results in a nearly constant power motor output. Interior permanent magnet synchronous motors (IPMSM) are well suited for this duty. , , These rotor geometries are configured in straight lines and semi circular arc shapes. These designs are of limited configurations because of the lack of availability of permanent magnets of any other shapes at present. We propose to fabricate rotors via a novel processing approach where we start with magnet powders and compact them into a net shape rotor in a single step. Using this approach, widely different rotor designs can be implemented for efficiency. The current limitation on magnet shape and thickness will be eliminated. This is accomplished by co-filling magnet and soft iron powders at specified locations in intricate shapes using specially designed dies and automatic powder filling station. The process fundamentals for accomplishing occurred under a previous Applied Technology Program titled, √?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬Ę√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?Motors and Generators for the 21st Century√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬Ę√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬Ě. New efficient motor designs that are not currently possible (or cost prohibitive) can be accomplished by this approach. Such an approach to motor fabrication opens up a new dimension in motor design. Feasibility Results We were able to optimize a IPMSM rotor to take advantage of the powder co-filling and DMC compaction processing methods. The minimum low speed torque requirement of 5 N-m can be met through an optimized design with magnet material having a Br capability of 0.2 T. This level of magnetic performance can be met with a variety of bonded magnet compositions. The torque ripple was found to drop significantly by using thinner magnet segments. The powder co-filling and subsequent compaction processing allow for thinner magnet structures to be formed. Torque ripple can be further reduced by using skewing and pole shaping techniques. The techniques can be incorporated into the rotor during the powder co-filling process.

Knoth, Edward A.; Chelluri, Bhanumathi; Schumaker, Edward J.

2012-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

78

Blackbody radiation shift of B$^+$ clock transition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A calculation of the blackbody radiation shift of the B$^+$ clock transition is performed. The polarizabilities of the B$^+$ $2s^2$ $^1$S$^e$, $2s2p$ $^1$P$^o$, and $2s2p$ $^3$P$^o$ states are computed using the configuration interaction method with an underlying semi-empirical core potential. The recommended dipole polarizabilities are 9.64(3) $a_0^3$, 7.78(3) $a_0^3$ and 16.55(5) $a_0^3$ respectively. The derived frequency shift for the $2s^2$ $^1$S$^e$ $\\to$ $2s2p$ $^3$P$^o_0$ transition at 300 K is 0.0160(5) Hz. The dipole polarizabilities agree with an earlier relativistic calculation (Safronova {\\em et al.} Phys. Rev. Lett. {\\bf 107} 143006 (2011)) to better than 0.2%. Quadrupole and octupole polarizabilities and non-adiabatic multipole polarizabilities are also reported.

Cheng, Yongjun

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Femtosecond Frequency Combs for Optical Clocks and Timing Transfer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and optical, through 10-km-scale optical fiber links. Actively stabilizing the optical phase delay of such a fiber link, we are able to transfer a cw optical frequency standard with a transfer instability of 6 of the optical system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77 4.4 Comparison of results

Ye, Jun

80

Food Industry - Motor Contactors Burning Up  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This power quality (PQ) case study presents the investigation of motor contactors that have burnt up several times in the last year at a food manufacturing facility.

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motors time clocks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Orientation-Dependent Entanglement Lifetime in a Squeezed Atomic Clock  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study experimentally the application of a class of entangled states, squeezed spin states, to the improvement of atomic-clock precision. In the presence of anisotropic noise, the entanglement lifetime is strongly dependent ...

Leroux, Ian Daniel

82

Optical coherence and teleportation: Why a laser is a clock, not a quantum channel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It has been argued [T. Rudolph and B.C. Sanders, Phys. Rev. Lett. {\\bf 87}, 077903 (2001)] that continuous-variable quantum teleportation at optical frequencies has not been achieved because the source used (a laser) was not `truly coherent'. Van Enk, and Fuchs [Phys. Rev. Lett, {\\bf 88}, 027902 (2002)], while arguing against Rudolph and Sanders, also accept that an `absolute phase' is achievable, even if it has not been achieved yet. I will argue to the contrary that `true coherence' or `absolute phase' is always illusory, as the concept of absolute time on a scale beyond direct human experience is meaningless. All we can ever do is to use an agreed time standard. In this context, a laser beam is fundamentally as good a `clock' as any other. I explain in detail why this claim is true, and defend my argument against various objections. In the process I discuss super-selection rules, quantum channels, and the ultimate limits to the performance of a laser as a clock. For this last topic I use some earlier work by myself [Phys. Rev. A {\\bf 60}, 4083 (1999)] and Berry and myself [Phys. Rev. A {\\bf 65}, 043803 (2002)] to show that a Heisenberg-limited laser with a mean photon number $\\mu$ can synchronize $M$ independent clocks each with a mean-square error of $\\sqrt{M}/4\\mu$ radians$^2$.

Howard M. Wiseman

2003-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

83

Defending Continuous Variable Teleportation: Why a laser is a clock, not a quantum channel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It has been argued [T. Rudolph and B.C. Sanders, Phys. Rev. Lett. {\\bf 87}, 077903 (2001)] that continuous-variable quantum teleportation at optical frequencies has not been achieved because the source used (a laser) was not `truly coherent'. Van Enk, and Fuchs [Phys. Rev. Lett, {\\bf 88}, 027902 (2002)], while arguing against Rudolph and Sanders, also accept that an `absolute phase' is achievable, even if it has not been achieved yet. I will argue to the contrary that `true coherence' or `absolute phase' is always illusory, as the concept of absolute time (at least for frequencies beyond direct human experience) is meaningless. All we can ever do is to use an agreed time standard. In this context, a laser beam is fundamentally as good a `clock' as any other. I explain in detail why this claim is true, and defend my argument against various objections. In the process I discuss super-selection rules, quantum channels, and the ultimate limits to the performance of a laser as a clock. For this last topic I use some earlier work by myself [Phys. Rev. A {\\bf 60}, 4083 (1999)] and Berry and myself [Phys. Rev. A {\\bf 65}, 043803 (2002)] to show that a Heisenberg-limited laser with a mean photon number $\\mu$ can synchronize $M$ independent clocks each with a mean-square error of $\\sqrt{M}/4\\mu$ radians$^2$.

Howard M. Wiseman

2004-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

84

NIST Demonstrates Transfer of Ultraprecise Time Signals over ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... the demonstration shows how next-generation atomic clocks at ... geodesy (altitude mapping), distribution of time ... need to be distributed with minimal ...

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

The Cosmic Time of Empire: Modern Britain and World Literature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Time, Greenwich, and the Cosmopolitan Clock 2. ďTurning Fromown terminology, ďcosmopolitanĒ? Despite what one dissentingEmpire, but also the cosmopolitan standard for measuring the

Barrows, Adam

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

NIST Time and Frequency Division 1998 - Current Directions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The NIST Time Scale is the flywheel clock system that provides accurate signals for services and applications and serves as a reference for ...

87

MotorMaster+ International  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Motors with MotorMaster+ International * Are your plant motor systems running at optimal energy efficiency? * Do you know how to cost-effectively determine whether to repair or...

88

Phoenix: an epidemic approach to time reconstruction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Harsh deployment environments and uncertain run-time conditions create numerous challenges for postmortem time reconstruction methods. For example, motes often reboot and thus lose their clock state, considering that the majority of mote platforms lack ...

Jayant Gupchup; Douglas Carlson; R?zvan Mus?loiu-E.; Alex Szalay; Andreas Terzis

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Motor torque compensation of an induction electric motor by ...  

Motor torque compensation of an induction electric motor by adjusting a slip command during periods of supposed change in motor temperature United States Patent

90

Evaluation of Incompatibility Between an Electronic Air Ionizer and Digital Clock  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This power quality (PQ) case study evaluates the incompatibility between an electronic air ionizer and a digital clock.

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

91

Useful-Skew Clock Routing with Gate Sizing for Low Power Design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a new problem formulation and algorithm of clock routing combined with gate sizing for minimizing total logic and clock power. Instead of zero-skew or assuming a fixed skew bound, we seek to produce useful skews in clock routing. ...

Joe Gufeng Xi; Wayne Wei-Ming Dai

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Quantum key distribution system clocked at 2 GHz  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An improved quantum key distribution test system operating at clock rates of up to 2GHz using a specially adapted commercially available silicon single photon avalanche diode is presented. The use of improved detectors has improved the fibre-based test system performance in terms of transmission distance and quantum bit error rate.

K. J. Gordon; V. Fernandez; G. S. Buller; I. Rech; S. D. Cova; P. D. Townsend

2006-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

93

Does clock precision influence ZigBee's energy consumptions?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless embedded sensor networks are predicted to provide attractive application possibilities in industry as well as at home. IEEE 802.15.4 and ZigBee are proposed as standards for such networks with a particular focus on pairing reliability with energy ... Keywords: clock drift, distributed coordination, formal modelling, poweraware design, sensor networks

Christian GroŖ; Holger Hermanns; Reza Pulungan

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Quantum key distribution system clocked at 2 GHz  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum key distribution system clocked at 2 GHz Karen J. Gordon, Veronica Fernandez, Gerald S, Ireland http://www.phy.hw.ac.uk/resrev/photoncounting/index.html Abstract: An improved quantum key-based quantum key distribution test system performance in terms of transmission distance and quantum bit error

Buller, Gerald S.

95

Convergence of clock processes on infinite graphs and aging in Bouchaud's asymmetric trap model on $\\Z^d$  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using a method developed by Durrett and Resnick, [23], we establish general criteria for the convergence of properly rescaled clock processes of random dynamics in random environments on infinite graphs. This extends the results of Gayrard, [27], Bovier and Gayrard, [20], and Bovier, Gayrard, and Svejda, [21], and gives a unified framework for proving convergence of clock processes. As a first application we prove that Bouchaud's asymmetric trap model on $Z^d$ exhibits a normal aging behavior for all $d \\geq 2$. Namely, we show that certain two-time correlation functions, among which the classical probability to find the process at the same site at two time points, converge, as the age of the process diverges, to the distribution function of the arcsine law. As a byproduct we prove that the fractional kinetics process ages.

Vťronique Gayrard; Adela Svejda

2013-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

96

Total Economics of Energy Efficient Motors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Due to the large increases in cost of electrical energy in recent years, the energy savings attainable with the use of energy-efficient motors is very attractive to all motor users. But energy and electric demand charge savings tell only part of the story. Engineers responsible for the selection of motors for many varying uses must also consider many less tangible factors when deciding whether a price premium for an energy-efficient motor is justified. These important intangible factors may throw a borderline decision in favor of a premium motor; at other times these factors may dictate that the capital money could be spent more wisely in other areas. This paper will point out those factors which effect the decision of whether or not to buy a premium priced energy-efficient motor or a standard electric motor. It will also address the question of whether it is cost-effective to rewind an old motor which has failed or to replace it with a new energy-efficient motor.

Nester, A. T.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Stepping Motor Control System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes a hardware system designed to facilitate position and velocity control of a group of eight stepping motors using a PDP-11. The system includes motor driver cards and other interface cards in addition ...

Larson, Noble G.

98

Quantum motor and future  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a popular language, the possibilities of the Casimir expulsion effect are presented, which can be the basis of quantum motors. Such motors can be in the form of a special multilayer thin film with periodic and complex nanosized structures. Quantum motors of the type of the Casimir platforms can be the base of transportation, energy and many other systems in the future.

Evgeny G. Fateev

2013-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

99

Quantum motor and future  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a popular language, the possibilities of the Casimir expulsion effect are presented, which can be the basis of quantum motors. Such motors can be in the form of a special multilayer thin film with periodic and complex nanosized structures. Quantum motors of the type of the Casimir platforms can be the base of transportation, energy and many other systems in the future.

Fateev, Evgeny G

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Defending Continuous Variable Teleportation: Why a laser is a clock, not a quantum channel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It has been argued [T. Rudolph and B.C. Sanders, Phys. Rev. Lett. {\\bf 87}, 077903 (2001)] that continuous-variable quantum teleportation at optical frequencies has not been achieved because the source used (a laser) was not `truly coherent'. Van Enk, and Fuchs [Phys. Rev. Lett, {\\bf 88}, 027902 (2002)], while arguing against Rudolph and Sanders, also accept that an `absolute phase' is achievable, even if it has not been achieved yet. I will argue to the contrary that `true coherence' or `absolute phase' is always illusory, as the concept of absolute time (at least for frequencies beyond direct human experience) is meaningless. All we can ever do is to use an agreed time standard. In this context, a laser beam is fundamentally as good a `clock' as any other. I explain in detail why this claim is true, and defend my argument against various objections. In the process I discuss super-selection rules, quantum channels, and the ultimate limits to the performance of a laser as a clock. For this last topic I use so...

Wiseman, H M

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motors time clocks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Optical coherence and teleportation Why a laser is a clock, not a quantum channel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It has been argued [T. Rudolph and B.C. Sanders, Phys. Rev. Lett. {\\bf 87}, 077903 (2001)] that continuous-variable quantum teleportation at optical frequencies has not been achieved because the source used (a laser) was not `truly coherent'. Van Enk, and Fuchs [Phys. Rev. Lett, {\\bf 88}, 027902 (2002)], while arguing against Rudolph and Sanders, also accept that an `absolute phase' is achievable, even if it has not been achieved yet. I will argue to the contrary that `true coherence' or `absolute phase' is always illusory, as the concept of absolute time on a scale beyond direct human experience is meaningless. All we can ever do is to use an agreed time standard. In this context, a laser beam is fundamentally as good a `clock' as any other. I explain in detail why this claim is true, and defend my argument against various objections. In the process I discuss super-selection rules, quantum channels, and the ultimate limits to the performance of a laser as a clock. For this last topic I use some earlier work ...

Wiseman, H M

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Motor/generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A motor/generator is provided for connecting between a transmission input shaft and an output shaft of a prime mover. The motor/generator may include a motor/generator housing, a stator mounted to the motor/generator housing, a rotor mounted at least partially within the motor/generator housing and rotatable about a rotor rotation axis, and a transmission-shaft coupler drivingly coupled to the rotor. The transmission-shaft coupler may include a clamp, which may include a base attached to the rotor and a plurality of adjustable jaws.

Hickam, Christopher Dale (Glasford, IL)

2008-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

103

??Novel Phase-Coherent Programmable Clock  

Direct digital synthesis (DDS) technology permits the generation of high frequency-resolved waveforms that can be changed on the nanosecond time scale (4 ns minimum). However when the DDS switches frequency, it occurs at any point in the phase ...

104

Black-body radiation shift of the Ga$^{+}$ clock transition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The blackbody radiation shift of the Ga$^+$ $4s^2 \\ ^1S^e_0 \\to 4s4p \\ ^3P^o_0$ clock transition is computed to be $-$$0.0140 \\pm 0.0048$ Hz at 300 K. The small shift is consistent with the blackbody shifts of the clock transitions of other group III ions which are of a similar size. The polarizabilities of the Ga$^+$ $4s^2 \\ ^1S^e_0$, $4s4p \\ ^3P^o_0$, and $4s4p \\ ^1P^o_1$ states were computed using the configuration interaction method with an underlying semi-empirical core potential. A byproduct of the analysis involved large scale calculations of the low lying spectrum and oscillator strengths of the Ga$^{2+}$ ion.

Cheng, Yongjun

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Development of Ulta-Efficient Electric Motors  

SciTech Connect

Electric motors utilize a large amount of electrical energy in utility and industrial applications. Electric motors constructed with high temperature superconducting (HTS) materials have the potential to dramatically reduce electric motor size and losses. HTS motors are best suited for large motor applications at ratings above 1000 horsepower (hp), where the energy savings from the efficiency improvement can overcome the additional power required to keep the superconductors on the rotor cooled. Large HTS based motors are expected to be half the volume and have half the losses of conventional induction motors of the same rating. For a 5000 hp industrial motor, this energy savings can result in $50,000 in operating cost savings over the course of a single year of operation. Since large horsepower motors utilize (or convert) about 30% of the electrical power generated in the United States and about 70% of large motors are candidates for replacement by HTS motors, the annual energy savings potential through the utilization of HTS motors can be up to $1 Billion in the United States alone. Research in the application of HTS materials to electric motors has lead to a number of HTS motor prototypes yet no industrial HTS motor product has yet been introduced. These motor demonstrations have been synchronous motors with HTS field windings, on the rotor. Figure 1-1 shows a solid model rendering of this type of motor. The rotor winding is made with HTS coils that are held at cryogenic temperature by introducing cooling fluid from the cryocooler to the rotor through a transfer coupling. The stator winding is made of copper wire. The HTS winding is thermally isolated from the warm armature and motor shafts by a vacuum insulation space and through the use of composite torque tubes. The stator in Figure 1-1 is an air core stator in that the stator teeth and a small part of the yoke is made up of nonmagnetic material so the magnetic fields distribute themselves as if in air. Between the HTS field winding and the physical air gap is a series of concentric cylinders that act as vacuum insulation space walls as well as conducting paths for induced currents to flow in order to shield the HTS winding and the rotor cold space from time dependent fields. These time dependent fields may be caused by rotor hunting, during a change in motor load, or by non-fundamental component voltages and currents applied by the inverter. These motors are variable speed controlled by the inverter. Common large motor utility and industrial applications are pump and fan drives that are best suited by a variable speed motor. Inverter control of the HTS motor eliminates the need to design the rotor for line starting, which would dump a large amount of heat into the rotor that would then heavily tax the cryogenic cooling system. The field winding is fed by a brushless exciter that provides DC current to the HTS rotor winding. The stator winding is air or water cooled. Technical and commercial hurdles to industrial HTS motor product introduction and customer acceptance include (1) the high cost of HTS wire and the cryogenic cooling system components, (2) customer concerns about reliability of HTS motors, and (3) the ability to attain the loss reduction potential of large HTS motors. Reliance Electric has demonstrated a number of HTS based electric motors up to a 1000 hp, variable speed synchronous motor with an HTS field winding in the year 2000. In 2001 this motor was tested to 1600 hp with a sinusoidal (constant frequency) supply. Figure 1-2 shows the HTS motor on the dynamometer test stand in the Reliance Electric test lab. The extensive test program of the 1000 hp motor successfully demonstrated the technical feasibility of large HTS motors and the basic technologies involved, however the test results did indicate the need for design refinements. In addition, test results served to identify other more fundamental critical technology issues, and revealed the need to continue research efforts in order to improve future HTS motor first cost, reliability, and performa

Shoykhet, B. (Baldor Comp.); Schiferl, R. (Baldor Comp.); Duckworth, R.; Rey, C.M.; Schwenterly, S.W.; Gouge, M.J.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Resetting chemical clocks of hot cores based on S-bearing molecules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report a theoretical study of sulphur chemistry, as applied to hot cores, where S-bearing molecular ratios have been previously proposed and used as chemical clocks. As in previous models, we follow the S-bearing molecular composition after the injection of grain mantle components into the gas phase. For this study, we developed a time-dependent chemical model with up-to-date reaction rate coefficients. We ran several cases, using different realistic chemical compositions for the grain mantles and for the gas prior to mantle evaporation. The modeling shows that S-bearing molecular ratios depend very critically on the gas temperature and density, the abundance of atomic oxygen, and, most importantly, on the form of sulphur injected in the gas phase, which is very poorly known. Consequently, ratios of S-bearing molecules cannot be easily used as chemical clocks. However, detailed observations and careful modeling of both physical and chemical structure can give hints on the source age and constrain the mantle composition (i.e. the form of sulphur in cold molecular clouds) and, thus, help to solve the mystery of the sulphur depletion. We analyse in detail the cases of Orion and IRAS16293-2422. The comparison of the available observations with our model suggests that the majority of sulphur released from the mantles is mainly in, or soon converted into, atomic form.

Valentine Wakelam; Paola Caselli; Cecilia Ceccarelli; Eric Herbst; Alain Castets

2004-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

107

Joint Identification of Stepper Motor Parameters and of Initial Encoder Offset  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

procedure to identify at the same time the electrical parameters of a permanent magnet stepper motor (PMSM an initilization procedure. Keywords: Permanent magnet stepper motor, synchronous motors, parameter identification, offset calibration, sliding modes. 1. INTRODUCTION Permanent Magnet Stepper Motors (PMSM's) are widely

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

108

Energy Recovery from High-frequency Clocks using DC-DC Converters M. Alimadadi, S. Sheikhaei, G. Lemieux, S. Mirabbasi, W. Dunford, P. Palmer.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Recovery from High-frequency Clocks using DC-DC Converters M. Alimadadi, S. Sheikhaei, G Power Supply) PWM Controller PWM clock Rload Figure 1. Recycling clock energy with a DC-DC converter a significant amount of energy to distribute a multi-GHz clock. By discharging the clock network to ground every

Lemieux, Guy

109

Parametric electric motor study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Technology for the axial gap motor was developed by DOE with an investment of approximately $15 million. This development effort is for motor technologies of high power density and high efficiency. Such motors that are also small and light-weight are not available on the commercial market because high-power motors have typically been used in large industrial applications where small size and light weight are not requirements. AC Delco has been developing motors since 1918 and is interested in leveraging its research and development dollars to produce an array of motor systems for vehicles and to develop a future line of propulsion products. The DOE focus of the study was applied to machining applications. The most attractive feature of this motor is the axial air gap, which may make possible the removal of the motor`s stationary component from a total enclosure of the remainder of the machine if the power characteristics are adequate. The objectives of this project were to evaluate alternative electric drive systems for machine tools and automotive electric drive systems and to select a best machine type for each of those applications. A major challenge of this project was to produce a small, light-weight, highly efficient motor at a cost-effective price. The project developed machine and machine drive systems and design criteria for the range of applications. The final results included the creation of a baseline for developing electric vehicle powertrain system designs, conventional vehicle engine support system designs, and advanced machine tool configurations. In addition, an axial gap permanent magnet motor was built and tested, and gave, said one engineer involved, a sterling performance. This effort will commercialize advanced motor technology and extend knowledge and design capability in the most efficient electric machine design known today.

Adams, D. [Lockheed Martin Energy Systems, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Stahura, D. [GM-AC Delco Systems, Indianapolis, IN (United States)

1995-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

110

Hybrid vehicle motor alignment  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A rotor of an electric motor for a motor vehicle is aligned to an axis of rotation for a crankshaft of an internal combustion engine having an internal combustion engine and an electric motor. A locator is provided on the crankshaft, a piloting tool is located radially by the first locator to the crankshaft. A stator of the electric motor is aligned to a second locator provided on the piloting tool. The stator is secured to the engine block. The rotor is aligned to the crankshaft and secured thereto.

Levin, Michael Benjamin (Ann Arbor, MI)

2001-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

111

MotorMaster+  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

industrial facilities, MotorMaster+ 4.0 contains expanded capabilities for inventory management, maintenance logging, lifecycle costing, savings tracking and trending,...

112

System and method for adaptively deskewing parallel data signals relative to a clock  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and method of reducing skew between a plurality of signals transmitted with a transmit clock is described. Skew is detected between the received transmit clock and each of received data signals. Delay is added to the clock or to one or more of the plurality of data signals to compensate for the detected skew. The delay added to each of the plurality of delayed signals is updated to adapt to changes in detected skew.

Jenkins, Philip Nord (Eau Claire, WI); Cornett, Frank N. (Chippewa Falls, WI)

2008-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

113

System and method for adaptively deskewing parallel data signals relative to a clock  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and method of reducing skew between a plurality of signals transmitted with a transmit clock is described. Skew is detected between the received transmit clock and each of received data signals. Delay is added to the clock or to one or more of the plurality of data signals to compensate for the detected skew. The delay added to each of the plurality of delayed signals is updated to adapt to changes in detected skew.

Jenkins, Philip Nord (Redwood Shores, CA); Cornett, Frank N. (Chippewa Falls, WI)

2011-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

114

Electric Motor Tiered Maintenance Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric motor predictive and preventive maintenance guidance has been developed to provide information to help maximize motor reliability and to minimize the need for major motor repairs. However, if all recommendations presented in most guides are followed and applied to all motors, the cost of motor maintenance would be unwieldy and consume more than its share of maintenance budgets.

2002-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

115

Neural correlates underlying motor map plasticity and skilled motor behavior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of neurons within the motor cortex. Physiol Rev, 1975. 55(and S.P. Wise, The motor cortex of the rat: cytoarchitecturedelayed changes of rat motor cortical output representation

Ramanathan, Dhakshin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Low-power, miniature {sup 171}Yb ion clock using an ultra-small vacuum package  

SciTech Connect

We report a demonstration of a very small microwave atomic clock using the 12.6 GHz hyperfine transition of the trapped {sup 171}Yb ions inside a miniature, completely sealed-off 3 cm{sup 3} ion-trap vacuum package. In the ion clock system, all of the components are highly miniaturized with low power consumption except the 369 nm optical pumping laser still under development for miniaturization. The entire clock, including the control electronics, consumes <300 mW. The fractional frequency instability of the miniature Yb{sup +} clock reaches the 10{sup -14} range after a few days of integration.

Jau, Y.-Y.; Schwindt, P. D. D. [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States); Partner, H. [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States); Center for Quantum Information and Control (CQuIC), Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131 (United States); Prestage, J. D.; Kellogg, J. R.; Yu, N. [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91109 (United States)

2012-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

117

Upgrade of NSLS timing system  

SciTech Connect

We report on the progress of the new NSLS timing system. There are three types of requirements for NSLS timing system: clocks, synchronization and trigger circuits. All ring revolution frequency clocks are generated using ECL and high speed TTL logic. The synchronization circuits allows to fill both storage rings with any bunch pattern. The triggers are generated by using commercially available digital delay generators. The delay unit`s outputs are ultrastable, with a resolution of 5 ps, and are programmed by computer via IEEE 488 interface. The block diagrams, description of all major timing components and the present status are provided in this paper.

Singh, O.; Ramamoorthy, S.; Sheehan, J.; Smith, J.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Advanced Manufacturing Office: Motor Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Motor Systems to Motor Systems to someone by E-mail Share Advanced Manufacturing Office: Motor Systems on Facebook Tweet about Advanced Manufacturing Office: Motor Systems on Twitter Bookmark Advanced Manufacturing Office: Motor Systems on Google Bookmark Advanced Manufacturing Office: Motor Systems on Delicious Rank Advanced Manufacturing Office: Motor Systems on Digg Find More places to share Advanced Manufacturing Office: Motor Systems on AddThis.com... Quick Links Energy Resource Center Technical Publications by Energy System Energy-Efficient Technologies Incentives & Resources by Zip Code Better Plants Superior Energy Performance Contacts Motor Systems Photo of Man Checking Motor Performance Motor-driven equipment accounts for 54% of manufacturing electricity use. Dramatic energy and cost savings can be achieved in motor systems by

119

Energy Efficient Motors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Efficiency is only one aspect of motor performance. This paper discusses how efficiency is influenced by such factors as horsepower rating, poles, actual load, and starting requirements. It discusses some of the variables affecting efficiency, and how to interpret efficiency data. A perspective is given from which to evaluate available energy efficient motor offerings for a given application.

Hoffmeyer, W.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Renewal processes and fluctuation analysis of molecular motor stepping  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. We present a systematic method of analysis of experiments performed with single motors proteins. The use of such a method should allow a more detailed description of the motorís chemical cycle through the precise fitting of the experimental data. We model the dynamics of a processive or rotary molecular motor using a renewal processes, in line with the work initiated by Svoboda, Mitra and Block. We apply a functional technique to compute different types of multiple-time correlation functions of the renewal process, which have applications to bead-assay experiments performed both with processive molecular motors, such as myosin V and kinesin, and rotary motors, such as F1-ATPase. PACS numbers: 02.50.Ey,05.60.-k,05.40.-a ß To whom correspondence should be addressed (frey@lmu.de) Renewal processes and fluctuation analysis of molecular motor stepping 2 1.

Jaime E. Santos; Thomas Franosch; Andrea Parmeggiani

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motors time clocks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

motor | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

0 0 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142279950 Varnish cache server motor Dataset Summary Description The data included in this submission is United States Department of Transportation (DOT) data up to 1995. The data includes motor-fuel gallonage taxes 1950-1995, motor-fuel use 1919-1995, private and commercial highway use of special fuels, by state 1949-1995, highway use of gasoline, by state 1949-1995, gasohol sales by state, 1980-1992, and estimated use of gasohol, 1993-1995. The data is presented in .xlsx format. Source DOT Date Released Unknown Date Updated Unknown Keywords DOT Fuel highway motor vehicle Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon Motor-fuel gallonage taxes 1950-1995 (xlsx, 37.3 KiB)

122

Genetics of motor neuron disease  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The number of genes associated with motor neuron degen- eration has increased ... Motor neurons are affected in a large number of neurologic diseases

123

Motor Vehicle Parts Compliance Requirements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The OVSC compliance testing program is a strong incentive for manufacturers of motor vehicles and items of motor vehicle equipment to ...

2012-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

124

Aurica Motors | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Product California-based Aurica Motors is planning to develop and manufacture an electric vehicle at a former Toyota plant in the state. References Aurica Motors1...

125

Dynamic Phase Transitions in Coupled Motor Proteins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effect of interactions on dynamics of coupled motor proteins is investigated theoretically. A simple stochastic discrete model, that allows to calculate explicitly the dynamic properties of the system, is developed. It is shown that there are two dynamic regimes, depending on the interaction between the particles. For strong interactions the motor proteins move as one tight cluster, while for weak interactions there is no correlation in the motion of the proteins, and the particle separation increases steadily with time. The boundary between two dynamic phases is specified by a critical interaction that has a non-zero value only for the coupling of the asymmetric motor proteins, and it depends on the temperature and the transitions rates. At the critical interaction there is a change in a slope for the mean velocities and a discontinuity in the dispersions of the motor proteins as a function of the interaction energy.

Evgeny B. Stukalin; Anatoly B. Kolomeisky

2005-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

126

Low-power clock synchronization using electromagnetic energy radiating from AC power lines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clock synchronization is highly desirable in many sensor networking applications. It enables event ordering, coordinated actuation, energy-efficient communication and duty cycling. This paper presents a novel low-power hardware module for achieving global ... Keywords: hardware clock synchronization, sensor networks, synchronization, wireless sensor networks

Anthony Rowe; Vikram Gupta; Ragunathan (Raj) Rajkumar

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

A fully-integrated 5 Gbit/s CMOS clock and data recovery circuit  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A fully-integrated 5†Gb/s PLL-based clock and data recovery circuit based on a linear half-rate phase detector (PD) architecture is presented. Data retiming performed by the linear PD provides practically no systematic offset for the operating frequency ... Keywords: CMOS analog integrated circuits, Clock data recovery, Half-rate CDR, Linear PD, PLL

Tan Kok-Siang; Mohd-Shahiman Sulaiman; Mamun Reaz; Chuah Hean-Teik; Manoj Sachdev

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

A Master equation approach to modeling an artificial protein motor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Linear bio-molecular motors move unidirectionally along a track by coordinating several different processes, such as fuel (ATP) capture, hydrolysis, conformational changes, binding and unbinding from a track, and center-of-mass diffusion. A better understanding of the interdependencies between these processes, which take place over a wide range of different time scales, would help elucidate the general operational principles of molecular motors. Artificial molecular motors present a unique opportunity for such a study because motor structure and function are a priori known. Here we describe use of a Master equation approach, integrated with input from Langevin and molecular dynamics modeling, to stochastically model a molecular motor across many time scales. We apply this approach to a specific concept for an artificial protein motor, the Tumbleweed.

Kuwada, Nathan J; Linke, Heiner

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

A Master equation approach to modeling an artificial protein motor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Linear bio-molecular motors move unidirectionally along a track by coordinating several different processes, such as fuel (ATP) capture, hydrolysis, conformational changes, binding and unbinding from a track, and center-of-mass diffusion. A better understanding of the interdependencies between these processes, which take place over a wide range of different time scales, would help elucidate the general operational principles of molecular motors. Artificial molecular motors present a unique opportunity for such a study because motor structure and function are a priori known. Here we describe use of a Master equation approach, integrated with input from Langevin and molecular dynamics modeling, to stochastically model a molecular motor across many time scales. We apply this approach to a specific concept for an artificial protein motor, the Tumbleweed.

Nathan J. Kuwada; Gerhard A. Blab; Heiner Linke

2010-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

130

Upgrading Amerada-type survey clocks for high-temperature geothermal service  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Amerada type subsurface recording gauges have been used by the oil and gas industry for many years. These mechanical logging instruments are currently used by the growing geothermal industry. As the gauges were designed for service in low-temperature oil and gas wells, a significant number of failures are occurring at elevated geothermal temperatures. The spring-driven mechanical survey clocks appear to be the primary cause of these failures. The clock mechanisms tend to stop or lock-up when exposed to temperatures as high as 300/sup 0/C. A project that was undertaken to upgrade the survey clocks to 300/sup 0/C capability is summarized. The major problems causing clock failure were determined and were rectified by minor modifications and lubrication of the moving parts. Several clocks so modified performed reliably, both during laboratory oven tests and during field tests performed in actual geothermal wells at temperatures up to 330/sup 0/C.

Major, B.H.; Witten, C.L.

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Renewal processes and fluctuation analysis of molecular motor stepping  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We model the dynamics of a processive or rotary molecular motor using a renewal processes, in line with the work initiated by Svoboda, Mitra and Block. We apply a functional technique to compute different types of multiple-time correlation functions of the renewal process, which have applications to bead-assay experiments performed both with processive molecular motors, such as myosin V and kinesin, and rotary motors, such as F1-ATPase.

Jaime E. Santos; Thomas Franosch; Andrea Parmeggiani; Erwin Frey

2005-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

132

Logic Design for On-Chip Test Clock Generation - Implementation Details and Impact on Delay Test Quality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper addresses delay test for SOC devices with high frequency clock domains. A logic design for on-chip high-speed clock generation, implemented to avoid expensive test equipment, is described in detail. Techniques for on-chip clock generation, meant to reduce test vector count and to increase test quality, are discussed. ATPG results for the proposed techniques are given.

Beck, Matthias; Kaibel, Martin; Poehl, Frank; Lin, Xijiang; Press, Ron

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Summer 2003 Motor Gasoline Outlook  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Summer 2003 Motor Gasoline Outlook ... State gasoline taxes ... that occurred between spring 1999 and fall 2001, ...

134

MOTOR POOL RESERVATIONS Reservation Number:_______________  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MOTOR POOL RESERVATIONS Reservation Number:_______________ Evanston campus: Chicago campus: 2020: 312/503-9243 E-mail: motor-pool@northwestern.edu E-mail: motor-pool@northwestern.edu Hours: 8:00 a reservations require the "Organization Authorization for University Vehicles" form to be faxed to Motor Pool

Shull, Kenneth R.

135

Report on Toyota Prius Motor Thermal Management  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In the current hybrid vehicle market, the Toyota Prius drive system is considered the leader in electrical, mechanical, and manufacturing innovations. It is a significant accomplishment that Toyota is able to manufacture and sell the vehicle for a profit. The Toyota Prius traction motor design approach for reducing manufacturing costs and the motor s torque capability have been studied and tested. The findings were presented in two previous Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) reports. The conclusions from this report reveal, through temperature rise tests, that the 2004 Toyota Prius (THSII) motor is applicable only for use in a hybrid automobile. It would be significantly undersized if used in a fuel cell vehicle application. The power rating of the Prius motor is limited by the permissible temperature rise of the motor winding (170 C) and the motor cooling oil (158 C). The continuous ratings at base speed (1200 rpm) with different coolant temperatures are projected from test data at 900 rpm. They are approximately 15 kW with 105 C coolant and 21 kW with 35 C coolant. These continuous ratings are much lower than the 30 kW specified as a technical motor target of the U.S. Department of Energy FreedomCAR Program. All tests were conducted at about 24 C ambient temperature. The load angle of each torque adjustment was monitored to prevent a sudden stop of the motor if the peak torque were exceeded, as indicated by the load angle in the region greater than 90 electrical degrees. For peak power with 400 Nm torque at 1200 rpm, the permissible running time depends upon the initial winding temperature condition. The projected rate of winding temperature rise is approximately 2.1 C/sec. The cooling-oil temperature does not change much during short peak power operation. For light and medium load situations, the efficiency varies from 80% to above 90%, and the power factor varies from 70% to above 90%, depending on the load and speed. When the motor is loaded heavily near the peak-torque (400-Nm) region, the efficiency goes down to the 40-50% range, and the power factor is nearly 100%. The efficiency is not a major concern at the high-torque region. The water-ethylene-glycol heat exchanger attached to the motor is small. During continuous operation, it dissipates about 76% of the total motor heat loss with 35 C coolant. The heat exchanger is less effective when the coolant temperature increases. With 75 C coolant, the heat exchanger dissipates about 38% of the motor heat. When the coolant temperature is 105 C, the heat exchanger not only stops cooling the motor but also adds heat to the large motor housing that acts as an air-cooled heat sink. From start to the base speed, 400 Nms of torque can be produced by the Prius motor with a reasonably low stator current. However, the permissible running time of the motor depends on the load drawn from the motor and the coolant temperature. In the Toyota Prius hybrid configuration, if the motor gets too hot and cannot keep running, the load can be shifted back to the engine. The motor acts to improve the system efficiency without being overly designed. A detailed thermal model was developed to help predict the temperature levels in key motor components. The model was calibrated and compared with the experimentally measured temperatures. Very good agreement was obtained between model and experiment. This model can now be used to predict the temperature of key motor components at a variety of operating conditions and to evaluate the thermal characteristics of new motor designs. It should be pointed out that a fuel-cell motor does not have an engine to fall back on to provide the needed wheel power. Therefore, the design philosophy of a fuel-cell motor is very different from that of a hybrid Prius motor. Further thermal management studies in the high-speed region of the Prius motor, fed by its inverter, are planned.

Hsu, J.S.

2005-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

136

Linear Motor Powered Transportation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This special issue on linear-motor powered transportation covers both supporting technologies and innovative transport systems in various parts of the World, as this technology moves from the lab to commercial operations. ...

Thornton, Richard D.

137

Ford Motor Company  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

All statements, findings, and conclusions in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the Global Interdependence Center, Ford Motor Company, or the Center for Automotive Research. TABLE OF CONTENTS Acknowledgements......................................................................................................................... iv

Ellen Hughes-cromwick; Joshua Cregger

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Retail Motor Gasoline Prices*  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

motor gasoline is projected to be about 1.38 per gallon. As was the case with heating oil, last year's peak average gasoline price, at 1.633 per gallon in June, was the...

139

Time and Identity: Socializing Schedules and the Implications for Community  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

7 (Jon, 3;11; Ron, father; Noah, mother) 01 Ron ma ha ! aíaWhat time is it, mom? í 02 Noah ((looks at clock on wall)) !what ĎWhat? What? What? í 07 Noah ! e hegia ha zman lalexet

Kattan, Shlomy

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

NIST Time and Frequency Services: Results of 2001 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... counter, set the clocks in the house and computers. ... I forsee a time in the future when nearly all ... I now have a WWVB-receiving solar-powered clok in ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motors time clocks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Movement is fundamental to life. It takes place even at the cellular level where cargo is continually being transported by motor proteins. These tiny machines convert the energy gained from hydrolysing ATP into a series of small conformational changes that allow them to literally "walk" along microscopic tracks. Motor proteins (in the kinesin and myosin families) have been extensively studied by x-ray crystallography, but until recently there was little molecular structural information for dyneins, another type of motor protein. A group from the University of California, San Francisco, working at ALS Beamline 8.3.1 has reported the 6-√Ö-resolution structure of the motor domain of dynein in yeast. It reveals details of the ring-shaped motor as well as a new, unanticipated feature called the buttress that may play an important role in dynein's mechanical cycle.

142

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Movement is fundamental to life. It takes place even at the cellular level where cargo is continually being transported by motor proteins. These tiny machines convert the energy gained from hydrolysing ATP into a series of small conformational changes that allow them to literally "walk" along microscopic tracks. Motor proteins (in the kinesin and myosin families) have been extensively studied by x-ray crystallography, but until recently there was little molecular structural information for dyneins, another type of motor protein. A group from the University of California, San Francisco, working at ALS Beamline 8.3.1 has reported the 6-√Ö-resolution structure of the motor domain of dynein in yeast. It reveals details of the ring-shaped motor as well as a new, unanticipated feature called the buttress that may play an important role in dynein's mechanical cycle.

143

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Movement is fundamental to life. It takes place even at the cellular level where cargo is continually being transported by motor proteins. These tiny machines convert the energy gained from hydrolysing ATP into a series of small conformational changes that allow them to literally "walk" along microscopic tracks. Motor proteins (in the kinesin and myosin families) have been extensively studied by x-ray crystallography, but until recently there was little molecular structural information for dyneins, another type of motor protein. A group from the University of California, San Francisco, working at ALS Beamline 8.3.1 has reported the 6-√Ö-resolution structure of the motor domain of dynein in yeast. It reveals details of the ring-shaped motor as well as a new, unanticipated feature called the buttress that may play an important role in dynein's mechanical cycle.

144

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Movement is fundamental to life. It takes place even at the cellular level where cargo is continually being transported by motor proteins. These tiny machines convert the energy gained from hydrolysing ATP into a series of small conformational changes that allow them to literally "walk" along microscopic tracks. Motor proteins (in the kinesin and myosin families) have been extensively studied by x-ray crystallography, but until recently there was little molecular structural information for dyneins, another type of motor protein. A group from the University of California, San Francisco, working at ALS Beamline 8.3.1 has reported the 6-√Ö-resolution structure of the motor domain of dynein in yeast. It reveals details of the ring-shaped motor as well as a new, unanticipated feature called the buttress that may play an important role in dynein's mechanical cycle.

145

A clock containing a massive object in a superposition of states; what makes Penrosian wavefunction collapse tick?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Penrose has been advocating the view that the collapse of the wave function is rooted in the incompatibility between general relativity and quantum mechanics. Asserting that gravity wins, he arrived on basis of dimensional analysis at an estimate for the collapse time. This is an ad-hoc affair and here we will present an analysis revolving around the explicit role of time in gravitational wave function collapse. We present a thought experiment, in which we investigate the behavior of a hypothetical clock containing a component which can be in a superposition of states. The clocking action comes from a single strong laser pulse traveling in an optical cavity. At its center it contains a massive object, whose only purpose is to introduce a curvature of space time into the problem. We find that a state of this massive object with a smaller radius, but with the same mass, experiences a larger time delay. Considering a coherent superposition of the large and small object, this suffers from an ambiguity in the definition of a common time for both states. We assert that this time ambiguity will affect the relative phase and that the wave function collapse will occur when this extra phase becomes of order unity. An absolute energy scale enters this equation and we recover Penrose's estimate for the collapse time when we set this equal to the rest mass of the object. This sheds light on the counterintuitive aspect of Penrose's claim that gravitational time dilation effects can play any role dealing with masses of order of micrograms: the rest mass is sufficiently large such that the tiny time differences can confuse the unitary time evolution.

Tjerk H. Oosterkamp; Jan Zaanen

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

146

Ontario Hydro Motor Efficiency Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electric motors consume more than one-half of the electrical energy produced by Ontario Hydro. In the residential sector, the major motor load is for refrigerators and freezers while packaged equipment dominate the motor load in the commercial market. However, this paper concentrates on the industrial market since 76% of this market's load is motors. The poly phase integral horsepower motor is the "workhorse" of industry. The efficiency of the standard induction motor can be improved. The new "high efficiency" motor is described and the operating cost is compared to the standard motor. Payback for high efficiency motors is found to be about one year for continuous duty applications. Specific instructions are presented for use in industry.

Dautovich, D. R.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Drilling motor deviation tool  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An extension for a down hole drilling motor is described, which adapts the motor for selective configuration for straight hole drilling or directional drilling, selectively. It consists of: an elongated generally tubular body, adapted at a first end to rigidly attach to the lower end of a down hole drilling motor housing, the body having an opening extending along the general centerline of the body; fluid channel means situated in the opening to conduct drilling fluid from the motor fluid output means to a downwardly continuing drill string element; output shaft means situated in the body and extending from a second end of the body, the output shaft adapted at the extended extreme for attachment to a downwardly continuing drill string element; selector valve means situated in the body, operatively associated with drilling fluid channels in the body, responsive to drilling fluid flow to produce a first output signal in response to fluid flow manipulations having a first characteristic and to produce a second output signal in response to fluid flow manipulations having a second characteristic; and driveshaft connector means in the opening, operatively associated with the output shaft of the motor and the output shaft means to connect the two for sympathetic rotation.

Falgout, T.E.; Schoeffler, W.N.

1989-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

148

Sensory-Motor Integration and Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

spinal interneurons during motor pattern generation inStep, Swim, and Scratch Motor Patterns in the Turtle. JStep, Swim, and Scratch Motor Patterns in the Turtle. J

Welch, Dan Bruce

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

High-megawatt Electric Drive Motors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Page 2. © ABB BU Machines April 10, 2009 | Slide 2 High-megawatt Electric Drive Motors ... motor concept ... A selection of compressor motors >30MW. ...

2012-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

150

The MotorMaster+ Software Tool  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

motors.html MotorMaster+ also provides technical data that can assist with the optimization of drive systems, motor purchasing, and energy accounting, as well as energy...

151

Brushless Motor Controller Report Spring 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Brushless Motor Controller Report Spring 2010 May 15, 2010 Brian Clementi MAE of 2010 322 Bogert ...................................................................................................... 5 A. Motor Description...................................................................................................... 5 B. The Motor Controller Board

Ruina, Andy L.

152

Commercial Motor Vehicle Brake-Related Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Commercial Motor Vehicle Brake-Related Research Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology Corridor Safety Technology Showcase October 14, 2010 Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology Corridor

153

Advanced Manufacturing Office: MotorMaster+ International  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

special or definite purpose motors. To quickly determine the annual energy and dollar savings of a NEMA Premium efficiency or EFF1 motor over a lower efficiency motor...

154

Bent shaft motor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A nonelectromagnetic motor comprising a base, a bent shaft which is rotable relative to the base wherein the bent shaft comprises a straight portion aligned with a main axis and an offset portion that is offset with respect to the main axis; and a drive means for driving the offset portion of the bent shaft along a generally circular path in a plane perpendicular to the main axis to rotate the bent shaft. The bent shaft and drive means for driving the bent shaft can be selected from piezoelectric, magnetostrictive, rheological and shape memory alloys. The drive means of the nonelectromagnetic motor can additionally comprise a shell which shell surrounds and houses the bent shaft and precesses or gyrates which in turn causes the bent drive shaft to rotate. The nonelectromagnetic motor does not rely on friction for the application of torque upon a rotor.

Benavides, Gilbert L. (Albuquerque, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Movement is fundamental to life. It takes place even at the cellular level where cargo is continually being transported...

156

Motor current signature analysis method for diagnosing motor operated devices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A motor current noise signature analysis method and apparatus for remotely monitoring the operating characteristics of an electric motor-operated device such as a motor-operated valve. Frequency domain signal analysis techniques are applied to a conditioned motor current signal to distinctly identify various operating parameters of the motor driven device from the motor current signature. The signature may be recorded and compared with subsequent signatures to detect operating abnormalities and degradation of the device. This diagnostic method does not require special equipment to be installed on the motor-operated device, and the current sensing may be performed at remote control locations, e.g., where the motor-operated devices are used in accessible or hostile environments.

Haynes, Howard D. (Kingston, TN); Eissenberg, David M. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Design and prototyping methods for brushless motors and motor control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this report, simple, low-cost design and prototyping methods for custom brushless permanent magnet synchronous motors are explored. Three case-study motors are used to develop, illustrate and validate the methods. Two ...

Colton, Shane W. (Shane William)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Motor torque compensation of an induction electric motor by adjusting a slip command during periods of supposed change in motor temperature  

SciTech Connect

The present invention maintains constant torque in an inverter driven AC induction motor during variations in rotor temperature. It is known that the torque output of a given AC induction motor is dependent upon rotor temperature. At rotor temperatures higher than the nominal operating condition the rotor impedance increases, reducing the rotor current and motor torque. In a similar fashion, the rotor impedance is reduced resulting in increased rotor current and motor torque when the rotor temperature is lower than the nominal operating condition. The present invention monitors the bus current from the DC supply to the inverter and adjusts the slip frequency of the inverter drive to maintain a constant motor torque. This adjustment is based upon whether predetermined conditions implying increased rotor temperature or decreased rotor temperature exist for longer that a predetermined interval of time.

Kelledes, William L. (Brighton, MI); St. John, Don K. (Livonia, MI)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Method for assessing motor insulation on operating motors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for monitoring the condition of electrical-motor-driven devices. The method is achieved by monitoring electrical variables associated with the functioning of an operating motor, applying these electrical variables to a three phase equivalent circuit and determining non-symmetrical faults in the operating motor based upon symmetrical components analysis techniques.

Kueck, John D. (Oak Ridge, TN); Otaduy, Pedro J. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Method for assessing motor insulation on operating motors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for monitoring the condition of electrical-motor-driven devices is disclosed. The method is achieved by monitoring electrical variables associated with the functioning of an operating motor, applying these electrical variables to a three phase equivalent circuit and determining non-symmetrical faults in the operating motor based upon symmetrical components analysis techniques. 15 figs.

Kueck, J.D.; Otaduy, P.J.

1997-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motors time clocks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Low-power flip-flop using internal clock gating and adaptive body bias.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation presents a new systematic approach to flip-flop design using Internal Clock Gating, (ICG), and Adaptive Body-Bias, (ABB), in order to reduce power consumption.Ö (more)

Galvis, Jorge Alberto

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Integrating digitizing pen technology and machine learning with the Clock Drawing Test  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Clock Drawing Test (CDT) is a medical test for neurodegenerative diseases that has been proven to have high diagnostic value due to its ease of administration and accurate results. In order to standardize the administration ...

Felch, Kristen (Kristen M.)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Brandl Motor | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Motor Jump to: navigation, search Name Brandl Motor Address Calvinstr 24 Place Berlin Zip 10557 Sector Marine and Hydrokinetic Phone number +49 30 39 48 06 38 Website http:http:...

164

motor vehicles | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

motor vehicles motor vehicles Dataset Summary Description The data included in this submission is United States Department of Transportation (DOT) data on rates and revenue statistics up to 1995. The data includes state motor-fuel tax receipts, 1919-1995, state motor fuel taxes and related receipts, 1950-1995, and state and federal motor fuel tax rates, 1919-1995 The data is presented in .xlsx format. Source DOT Date Released Unknown Date Updated Unknown Keywords DOT highway motor vehicles rates revenues Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon State motor-fuel tax receipts, 1919-1995 (xlsx, 13.8 KiB) application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon State motor fuel taxes and related receipts, 1950-1995 (xlsx, 78.5 KiB)

165

AGNI Motors | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Place India Zip 370 230 Sector Vehicles Product UK-based manufacturer of DC Motors and Battery Management Systems for Electric Vehicles References AGNI Motors1 LinkedIn...

166

Commercial Motor Vehicle Brake Assessment Tools  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Commercial Motor Vehicle Brake Assessment Tools Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology Corridor Safety Technology Showcase October 14, 2010 Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology Corridor #12;Overview · Commercial Motor Vehicle (CMV) Air Brake System · North American Standard Level-1

167

Advanced Manufacturing Office: MotorMaster+  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

schedules Motor inventory information, including motor nameplate information, operating profile, load status, and field measurements Life cycle economics, including depreciation...

168

Multiple stage miniature stepping motor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A stepping motor comprising a plurality of stages which may be selectively activated to effect stepping movement of the motor, and which are mounted along a common rotor shaft to achieve considerable reduction in motor size and minimum diameter, whereby sequential activation of the stages results in successive rotor steps with direction being determined by the particular activating sequence followed.

Niven, William A. (Livermore, CA); Shikany, S. David (Danville, CA); Shira, Michael L. (Fremont, CA)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Guide for Determining Motor Repair versus Motor Replacement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Motor Replacement/Refurbishment Guide (MRRG) was written to aid with the determination on whether to repair an existing motor or to purchase a replacement motor. This guideline provides the basic tools necessary to make a determination based upon, but not limited to, the extent of the repair scope and the cost of the repair. This guideline presents a process to be utilized by the station or corporate motor specialist to assess the motor repair scope both initial and revised. The data gathering proces...

2005-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

170

Radio Frequency Phototube, Optical Clock and Precise Measurements in Nuclear Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently a new experimental program of novel systematic studies of light hypernuclei using pionic decay was established at JLab (Study of Light Hypernuclei by Pionic Decay at JLab, JLab Experiment PR-08-012). The highlights of the proposed program include high precision measurements of binding energies of hypernuclei by using a high resolution pion spectrometer, HpiS. The average values of binding energies will be determined within an accuracy of ~10 keV or better. Therefore, the crucial point of this program is an absolute calibration of the HpiS with accuracy 10E-4 or better. The merging of continuous wave laser-based precision optical-frequency metrology with mode-locked ultrafast lasers has led to precision control of the visible frequency spectrum produced by mode-locked lasers. Such a phase-controlled mode-locked laser forms the foundation of an optical clock or femtosecond optical frequency comb (OFC) generator, with a regular comb of sharp lines with well defined frequencies. Combination of this technique with a recently developed radio frequency (RF) phototube results in a new tool for precision time measurement. We are proposing a new time-of-flight (TOF) system based on an RF phototube and OFC technique. The proposed TOF system achieves 10 fs instability level and opens new possibilities for precise measurements in nuclear physics such as an absolute calibration of magnetic spectrometers within accuracy 10E-4 - 10E-5.

Amur Margaryan

2009-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

171

Honda motor company's CVCC engine  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Honda Motor Company of Japan in a four-year period from 1968 to 1872 designed, tested, and mass-produced a stratified charge engine, the CVCC, which in comparison to conventional engines of similar output at the time was lower in CO, HC and NO/sub x/ emissions and higher in fuel economy. Honda developed the CVCC engine without government assistance or outside help. Honda's success came at a time when steadily increasing fuel costs and the various provisions of the Clean Air Act had forced US automakers to consider possible alternatives to the conventional gasoline engine. While most major engine manufacturers had investigated some form of stratified charge engine, Honda's CVCC was the only one to find successful market application. This case study examines the circumstances surrounding the development of the CVCC engine and its introduction into the Japanese and American markets.

Abernathy, W.J.; Ronan, L.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Blackbody radiation shift in the Sr optical atomic clock  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We evaluated the static and dynamic polarizabilities of the 5s^2 ^1S_0 and 5s5p ^3P_0^o states of Sr using the high-precision relativistic configuration interaction + all-order method. Our calculation explains the discrepancy between the recent experimental 5s^2 ^1S_0 - 5s5p ^3P_0^o dc Stark shift measurement \\Delta \\alpha = 247.374(7) a.u. [Middelmann et. al, arXiv:1208.2848 (2012)] and the earlier theoretical result of 261(4) a.u. [Porsev and Derevianko, Phys. Rev. A 74, 020502R (2006)]. Our present value of 247.5 a.u. is in excellent agreement with the experimental result. We also evaluated the dynamic correction to the BBR shift with 1 % uncertainty; -0.1492(16) Hz. The dynamic correction to the BBR shift is unusually large in the case of Sr (7 %) and it enters significantly into the uncertainty budget of the Sr optical lattice clock. We suggest future experiments that could further reduce the present uncertainties.

Safronova, M S; Safronova, U I; Kozlov, M G; Clark, Charles W

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Blackbody radiation shift in the Sr optical atomic clock  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We evaluated the static and dynamic polarizabilities of the 5s^2 ^1S_0 and 5s5p ^3P_0^o states of Sr using the high-precision relativistic configuration interaction + all-order method. Our calculation explains the discrepancy between the recent experimental 5s^2 ^1S_0 - 5s5p ^3P_0^o dc Stark shift measurement \\Delta \\alpha = 247.374(7) a.u. [Middelmann et. al, arXiv:1208.2848 (2012)] and the earlier theoretical result of 261(4) a.u. [Porsev and Derevianko, Phys. Rev. A 74, 020502R (2006)]. Our present value of 247.5 a.u. is in excellent agreement with the experimental result. We also evaluated the dynamic correction to the BBR shift with 1 % uncertainty; -0.1492(16) Hz. The dynamic correction to the BBR shift is unusually large in the case of Sr (7 %) and it enters significantly into the uncertainty budget of the Sr optical lattice clock. We suggest future experiments that could further reduce the present uncertainties.

M. S. Safronova; S. G. Porsev; U. I. Safronova; M. G. Kozlov; Charles W. Clark

2012-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

174

Motor technology for mining applications advances  

SciTech Connect

AC motors are steadily replacing DC motors in mining and mineral processing equipment, requiring less maintenance. The permanent magnet rotor, or the synchronous motor, has enabled Blador to introduce a line of cooling tower motors. Synchronous motors are soon likely to take over from the induction motor. 1 photo.

Fiscor, S.

2009-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

175

ams2000.com Stepper Motor System Basics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. STEPPING MOTORS TYPES OF STEPPING MOTORS VARIABLE RELUCTANCE PERMANENT MAGNET HYBRID MOTOR WINDINGS motor with the magnetic field electronically switched to rotate the armature magnet around. A Stepping MOTORS There are basically three types of stepping motors; variable reluctance, permanent magnet

Bechtold, Jill

176

Evaluating High Efficiency Motor Retrofit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the petrochemical and refining Industries, and most manufacturing plants, the reliable operation of AC motors always has been crucial to the continuous operation of the process. Now, the cost of operating these motors has also become a significant factor. Engineers Involved In motor specification can help lower plant operating costs and reduce electrical energy consumption dramatically by a relatively simple technique: retrofit of existing, standard-efficiency motors with new, high efficiency models. This article demonstrates strong reasons for motor retrofit, and explains step-by step how process and manufacturing engineering personnel can fully evaluate a retrofit decision.

Evans, T. A.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Performance improvement of permanent magnet ac motors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multi-phase motors have several advantages over the traditional three-phase motors. In this study, the additional degrees of freedom available in five-phase permanent magnet motors have been used for three purposes: 1) enhancing the torque producing capability of the motor, 2) improving the reliability of the system, and 3) better adjusting of the torque and flux linkages of the five-phase direct torque controlled system. 1) Due to the fact that space and time harmonics of the same orders will contribute positively to output torque, a five-phase permanent magnet motor with quasi-rectangular back-EMF waveform is supplied with combined fundamental and third harmonic of currents. For modeling and analysis of the motor a 0 3 3 1 1 q d q d frame of reference is defined where 1 1q d rotates at the synchronous speed and 3 3q d rotates at the three times synchronous speed. Based on the mathematical model in the 0 3 3 1 1 q d q d frame of reference, it is shown that this system while having a higher torque density with respect to a conventional permanent magnet synchronous machine, is also compatible with vector control algorithm. 2) A resilient current control of the five-phase permanent motor with both sinusoidal and trapezoidal back-EMF waveforms under asymmetrical fault condition is proposed. In this scheme, the stator MMF is kept unchanged during healthy and faulty condition. Therefore, the five-phase permanent magnet motor operates continuously and steadily without additional hardware and just by modifying the control algorithm in case of loss of up to two phases. The feature is of major importance in some specific applications where high reliability is required. 3) High torque and flux ripple are the major drawbacks of a three-phase direct torque controlled system. The number of space voltage vectors directly influences the performance of DTC system. A five-phase drive, while benefiting from other advantages of high order phase drives, has inherently 32 space voltage vectors which permits better flexibility in selecting the switching states and finer adjustment of flux and torque. A sensorless direct torque control of five-phase permanent magnet motor is implemented. Speed information is obtained based on the position of stator flux linkages and load angle. Experiments have been conducted on a 5kW five-phase surface mount permanent magnet motor and a 3kW five-phase interior permanent magnet motor by using TMS320C32 DSP. The results obtained are consistent with theoretical studies and simulation analysis, which further demonstrate the feasibility and practical significance of the five-phase permanent magnet motor drives.

Parsa, Leila

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Impact of New Federal Efficiency Performance Standards on the Industrial Motor Marketplace  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 enacted new motor efficiency standards that will go into effect in December 2010. Previous motor efficiency standards, which were implemented as part of EPAct in 1992, caused some confusion within the motor marketplace. In part, this confusion lead to the development of NEMAís Premiumģ label, which has since helped guide motor purchasers to buy efficient motors. As a companion activity, the awareness program Motor Decisions Matter was established to encourage the replacement of motors with more efficient technology rather than the repair of old, inefficient motors. The motor marketplace now faces similar confusion as the new standards will soon be implemented. It is therefore incumbent upon industrial motor users to begin planning for these standards now, both by developing new motor management plans and by updating repair/replace decision criteria to reflect changes in efficiency and price for motor replacement options. At the same time, it is incumbent upon motor efficiency programs and policymakers to address the anticipated negative market behavior trends that will likely result from the new standardsí implementation in the next few years.

Elliott, R. N.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Patterns and intrinsic fluctuations in semi-dilute motor-filament systems.  

SciTech Connect

We perform Brownian dynamics simulations of molecular motor-induced ordering and structure formations in semi-dilute cytoskeletal filament solutions. In contrast to the previously studied dilute case where binary filament interactions prevail, the semi-dilute regime is characterized by multiple motor-mediated interactions. Moreover, the forces and torques exerted by motors on filaments are intrinsically fluctuating quantities. We incorporate the influences of thermal and motor fluctuations into our model as additive and multiplicative noises, respectively. Numerical simulations reveal that filament bundles and vortices emerge from a disordered initial state. Subsequent analysis of motor noise effects reveals: (i) Pattern formation is very robust against fluctuations in motor force; (ii) bundle formation is associated with a significant reduction of the motor fluctuation contributions; (iii) the time scale of vortex formation and coalescence decreases with increases in motor noise amplitude.

Swaminathan, S.; Ziebert, F.; Aranson, I. S.; Karpeev, D.; Northwestern Univ.; UMR CNRS Gulliver

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Retail Motor Gasoline Prices*  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Gasoline pump prices have backed down from the high prices experienced last summer and fall. The retail price for regular motor gasoline fell 11 cents per gallon from September to December. However, with crude oil prices rebounding somewhat from their December lows combined with lower than normal stock levels, we project that prices at the pump will rise modestly as the 2001 driving season begins this spring. For the summer of 2001, we expect only a little difference from the average price of $1.50 per gallon seen during the previous driving season, as motor gasoline stocks going into the driving season are projected to be slightly less than they were last year. The situation of relatively low inventories for gasoline could set the stage for some regional imbalances in supply that could once again

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motors time clocks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

TFTR Motor Generator  

SciTech Connect

A general description is given of 475 MVA pulsed motor generators for TFTR at Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory. Two identical generators operating in parallel are capable of supplying 950 MVA for an equivalent square pulse of 6.77 seconds and 4,500 MJ at 0.7 power factor to provide the energy for the pulsed electrical coils and heating system for TFTR. The description includes the operational features of the 15,000 HP wound rotor motors driving each generator with its starting equipment and cycloconverter for controlling speed, power factor, and regulating line voltage during load pulsing where the generator speed changes from 87.5 to 60 Hz frequency variation to provide the 4,500 MJ or energy. The special design characteristics such as fatigue stress calculations for 10/sup 6/ cycles of operation, forcing factor on exciter to provide regulation, and low generator impedance are reviewed.

Murray, J.G.; Bronner, G.; Horton, M.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Real-time var control by SCADA  

SciTech Connect

This paper outlines the operation and advantages of the SCADA capacitor control called CAPCON, developed by the Virginia Electric and Power Company (Virginia Power). CAPCON is used to control vars system-wide by switching substation capacitor banks based on real-time var and voltage data instead of the traditional time clock method.

Girotti, T.B.; Tweed, N.B.; Houser, N.R. (Virginia Power Co., Richmond, VA (USA))

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Scheduling and resource binding algorithm considering timing variation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The timing closure problem (e.g., meeting timing/ clock period constraint) is one of the most important problems in the design automation. However, the rapid increase of the impact of the process variation on circuit timing makes the problem much more ... Keywords: binding, high-level synthesis, scheduling, timing analysis, timing variation

Jongyoon Jung; Taewhan Kim

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Motor gasolines, Summer 1982  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The samples were collected from service stations throughout the country and were analyzed in the laboratories of various refiners, motor manufacturers, and chemical companies. The analytical data for 796 samples of motor gasoline, were submitted to the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center for study, necessary calculations, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC) and the American Petroleum Institute (API). They represent the products of 22 companies, large and small, which manufacture and supply gasoline. These data are tabulated by groups according to brands (unlabeled) and grades for 17 marketing districts into which the country is divided. A map included in this report, shows marketing areas, districts and sampling locations. The report also includes charts indicating the trends of selected properties of motor fuels since 1959. Sixteen octane distribution percent charts for areas 1, 2, 3, and 4 for unleaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 below 90.0, unleaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 90.0 and above, leaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 below 93.0, and leaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 93.0 and above grades of gasoline are presented in this report. The antiknock (octane) index (R + M)/2 averages of gasoline sold in this country were 87.3 for unleaded below 90.0, 91.7 for unleaded 90.0 and above, 89.0 for leaded below 93.0, and no data in this report for 93.0 and above grades of leaded gasoline.

Shelton, E.M.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Method and apparatus for monitoring motor operated valve motor ...  

A method and apparatus are provided for monitoring a motor operated valve during the brief period when the valve seats and the torque switch trips to deenergize the ...

186

R FPGA Motor Control Reference Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the growing complexity of motor and motion control applications, it becomes apparent that a Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) offers significant advantage over the off the shelf Application Specific Standard Product (ASSP) solutions in the areas of performance, flexibility and inventory control. With an FPGA, calculations that would normally consume large amounts of CPU time when implemented in software may be hardware accelerated. Using hardware acceleration allows for more functionality within the system software. Custom motor drive interfaces such as PWM can be developed easily, quickly and at low cost. Additionally, because of full configurability, the same FPGA can be used in various product ranges, reducing the need to maintain inventory for multiple devices. This application note describes the Spartanô-3 device based FPGA Motor Control Reference Design. This design utilizes the MicroBlaze ô 32-bit CPU soft core, floating point unit, and associated memory subsystems, SPI communications interface, and IP specifically designed to control brushless DC (BLDC) and three phase AC induction motors. Design files can be found at www.xilinx.com/bvdocs/appnotes/xapp808.zip.

Craig Hackney

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Advanced Manufacturing Office: MotorMaster+  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MotorMaster+ to MotorMaster+ to someone by E-mail Share Advanced Manufacturing Office: MotorMaster+ on Facebook Tweet about Advanced Manufacturing Office: MotorMaster+ on Twitter Bookmark Advanced Manufacturing Office: MotorMaster+ on Google Bookmark Advanced Manufacturing Office: MotorMaster+ on Delicious Rank Advanced Manufacturing Office: MotorMaster+ on Digg Find More places to share Advanced Manufacturing Office: MotorMaster+ on AddThis.com... MotorMaster+ This photo shows the inner workings of an industrial electric motor with gears. In the lower left hand corner are the words "MotorMaster+" and underneath are the words "Motor-Driven Systems." Download MotorMaster+ now! Version: 4.01.01 Release Date: September 21, 2010 Release Notes Metric Unit Measurements: No

188

Scientific Papers of the Bureau of Standards Volume 20  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Effect of Wear on the magnetic properties and tensile strength of steel wire ... time-scale exposure machine) with clock-controlled motor drive, S511, p ...

2013-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

189

NVLAP Efficiency of Electric Motors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... program was originally developed at the request of the National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) to assist the electric motor industry in ...

2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

190

Imports of Total Motor Gasoline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Reformulated and conventional gasoline production excludes adjustments for fuel ethanol and motor gasoline blending components. Historical data prior to June 4, ...

191

Finished Motor Gasoline Net Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Finished motor gasoline ...

192

Electric Motors and Critical Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research Suggestions (Have an idea of how to get there) * Integration of motor, power converter, and speed reducer * Soft magnetic core material with high saturation...

193

Primary Metals - Compressor Motors Failing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This power quality (PQ) case study presents the investigation of four failures of compressor motors for a two stage chiller at a primary metals manufacturing facility.

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

194

Solar Decathlon Teams Working Around the Clock to Assemble Homes For  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Teams Working Around the Clock to Assemble Homes Teams Working Around the Clock to Assemble Homes For Competition Solar Decathlon Teams Working Around the Clock to Assemble Homes For Competition September 14, 2011 - 12:59pm Addthis The City College of New York team gathers at the 2011 Solar Decathlon√ʬĬôs All-Team Meeting, immediately before the assembly stage of the competition. | Photo Credit: Carol Anna/U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon. The City College of New York team gathers at the 2011 Solar Decathlon's All-Team Meeting, immediately before the assembly stage of the competition. | Photo Credit: Carol Anna/U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon. Carol Anna Communications Manager for the 2011 Solar Decathlon "I've learned more on this one project than I have in four years of college."

195

Shipping and Storage of Electric Motors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric motor predictive and preventive maintenance programs have been written and describe the best methodology for increasing motor reliability. However, many utilities have invested substantial resources into the procurement of spare motors. These motors are stored both onsite and off site (at vendor facilities). In addition, motors are being refurbished/reconditioned and must be shipped and possibly stored upon return.

2004-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

196

Biogas engines for agricultural motor-generators  

SciTech Connect

Tests were run on biogas, natural gas and liquid fuel with four engines of 1.1 and 2.8 L displacement at 1800 rpm, intended for motor-generators. One engine was diesel engine modified to high compression spark-ignition. Optimum timing, fuel consumption and knocking were determined at various load levels between full load and idling. Considerable differences in efficiency were found. Recommendations are given on choice, equipment and operation. 13 refs.

Persson, S.P.E.; Bartlett, H.D.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

A low jitter programmable clock multiplier based on a pulse injection-locked oscillator with a highly-digital tuning loop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper introduces a pulse injection-locked oscillator (PILO) that provides low jitter clock multiplication of a clean input reference clock. A mostly-digital feedback circuit provides continuous tuning of the oscillator ...

Perrott, Michael H.

198

NATURE PHYSICS | VOL 8 | FEBRUARY 2012 | www.nature.com/naturephysics 101 The hands of the Doomsday Clock have  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

was founded by Manhattan Project physicists in the wake of the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki of the Doomsday Clock have moved a minute closer to midnight. Established by the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, who are tasked with setting the clock, have signalled their concern

Loss, Daniel

199

Real-Time Per-Cycle Energy Consumption Measurement of Digital Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This technical report introduces a real-time per-clock-cycle energy measurement technique for power analysis and reduction of synchronous state machines. This technique guarantees accuracy with a sampling rate of twice the clock frequency under spiky current draw common in digital systems. In addition, it acquires the energy consumption profile in real-time, thus, not requiring repeated operation of the target system.

Naehyuck Chang; Kwanho Kim

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Quantum tunneling time  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A simple model of a quantum clock is applied to the old and controversial problem of how long a particle takes to tunnel through a quantum barrier. The model I employ has the advantage of yielding sensible results for energy eigenstates, and does not require the use of time-dependant wave packets. Although the treatment does not forbid superluminal tunneling velocities, there is no implication of faster-than-light signaling because only the transit duration is measurable, not the absolute time of transit. A comparison is given with the weak-measurement post-selection calculations of Steinberg.

P. C. W. Davies

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motors time clocks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Digital time delay  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Method and apparatus are provided for generating an output pulse following a trigger pulse at a time delay interval preset with a resolution which is high relative to a low resolution available from supplied clock pulses. A first lumped constant delay provides a first output signal at predetermined interpolation intervals corresponding to the desired high resolution time interval. Latching circuits latch the high resolution data to form a first synchronizing data set. A selected time interval has been preset to internal counters and corrected for circuit propagation delay times having the same order of magnitude as the desired high resolution. Internal system clock pulses count down the counters to generate an internal pulse delayed by an internal which is functionally related to the preset time interval. A second LCD corrects the internal signal with the high resolution time delay. A second internal pulse is then applied to a third LCD to generate a second set of synchronizing data which is complementary with the first set of synchronizing data for presentation to logic circuits. The logic circuits further delay the internal output signal with the internal pulses. The final delayed output signal thereafter enables the output pulse generator to produce the desired output pulse at the preset time delay interval following input of the trigger pulse.

Martin, A.D.

1986-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

202

Transport of Molecular Motor Dimers in Burnt-Bridge Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamics of molecular motor dimers, consisting of rigidly bound particles that move along two parallel lattices and interact with underlying molecular tracks, is investigated theoretically by analyzing discrete-state stochastic continuous-time burnt-bridge models. In these models the motion of molecular motors is viewed as a random walk along the lattices with periodically distributed weak links (bridges). When the particle crosses the weak link it can be destroyed with a probability $p$, driving the molecular motor motion in one direction. Dynamic properties and effective generated forces of dimer molecular motors are calculated exactly as a function of a concentration of bridges $c$ and burning probability $p$ and compared with properties of the monomer motors. It is found that the ratio of the velocities of the dimer and the monomer can never exceed 2, while the dispersions of the dimer and the monomer are not very different. The relative effective generated force of the dimer (as compared to the monomer) also cannot be larger than 2 for most sets of parameters. However, a very large force can be produced by the dimer in the special case of $c=1/2$ for non-zero shift between the lattices. Our calculations do not show the significant increase in the force generated by collagenase motor proteins in real biological systems as predicted by previous computational studies. The observed behavior of dimer molecular motors is discussed by considering in detail the particle dynamics near burnt bridges.

Alexander Yu. Morozov; Anatoly B. Kolomeisky

2007-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

203

Using MotorMaster to Track Motor Inventory and Analyze Purchasing Decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MotorMaster 4.0 can be a useful software package for electric motor management decisions in industrial facilities. To be successful, the MotorMaster database must be populated with detailed motor nameplate information. Georgia Tech worked with a large, motor intensive chemical manufacturing plant to collect motor nameplate information on motors 60 hp or larger and populate the motor database. Approximately 130 motors were identified and surveyed. The completed motor database is used to track maintenance actions and to analyze motor replacement options. The approach used to secure and enter motor nameplate data along with examples of purchasing analyses completed will be presented. The success of the MotorMaster software with large motors has convinced the firm to expand its use to smaller horsepower motors.

Brown, M.; Meffort, W.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Patterning of the Ciona intestinalis Motor Ganglion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pitx2 as markers for fast motor neurons and partition cells.for the specification of motor neuron identity. Cell Gans,Tsuda, M. (2010). Simple motor system of the ascidian larva:

Stolfi, Alberto Sunao

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Motor/generator - Energy Innovation Portal  

A motor/generator is provided for connecting between a transmission input shaft and an output shaft of a prime mover. The motor/generator may include a motor ...

206

Industrial motor repair in the United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report characterizes the motor repair industry in the United States; summarizes current motor repair and testing practice; and identifies barriers to energy motor repair practice and recommends strategies for overcoming those barriers.

Schueler, V.; Leistner, P.; Douglass, J.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

COMMERICAL MOTOR VEHICLE OPERATOR EMPLOYMENT APPLICATION SUPPLEMENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COMMERICAL MOTOR VEHICLE OPERATOR EMPLOYMENT APPLICATION SUPPLEMENT _________________________________________________________ Applicants for positions involving the operation of a commercial motor vehicle must comply with Title 49 CFR: _______________ Please list the following information for each unexpired commercial motor vehicle operator license

Roy, Subrata

208

Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology Corridor (CMVRTC)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology Corridor (CMVRTC) Oak Ridge National Laboratory Safety Security Vehicle Technologies Research Brief T he Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology in Tennessee to demonstrate, test, evaluation, and showcase innovative commercial motor vehicle (CMV) safety

209

Working Against the Clock: The Implementation of Welfare Time Limits in California - Detailed Research Findings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

experience†to†a†pre≠CalWORKs†AFDC†program†with†a†somewhat†with†Dependent†Children†(AFDC)†program†with†Temporary†and†administration. † The†AFDC†program†and†the†new†TANF†

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Advanced Ultra-High Speed Motor for Drilling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Three (3) designs have been made for two sizes, 6.91 cm (2.72 inch) and 4.29 cm (1.69 inch) outer diameters, of a patented inverted configured Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machines (PMSM) electric motor specifically for drilling at ultra-high rotational speeds (10,000 rpm) and that can utilize advanced drilling methods. Benefits of these motors are stackable power sections, full control (speed and direction) of downhole motors, flow hydraulics independent of motor operation, application of advanced drilling methods (water jetting and abrasive slurry jetting), and the ability of signal/power electric wires through motor(s). Key features of the final designed motors are: fixed non-rotating shaft with stator coils attached; rotating housing with permanent magnet (PM) rotor attached; bit attached to rotating housing; internal channel(s) in a nonrotating shaft; electric components that are hydrostatically isolated from high internal pressure circulating fluids ('muds') by static metal to metal seals; liquid filled motor with smoothed features for minimized turbulence in the motor during operation; and new inverted coated metal-metal hydrodynamic bearings and seals. PMSM, Induction and Switched Reluctance Machines (SRM), all pulse modulated, were considered, but PMSM were determined to provide the highest power density for the shortest motors. Both radial and axial electric PMSM driven motors were designed with axial designs deemed more rugged for ultra-high speed, drilling applications. The 6.91 cm (2.72 inch) OD axial inverted motor can generate 4.18KW (5.61 Hp) power at 10,000 rpm with a 4 Nm (2.95 ft-lbs) of torque for every 30.48 cm (12 inches) of power section. The 6.91 cm (2.72 inch) OD radial inverted motor can generate 5.03 KW (6.74 Hp) with 4.8 Nm (3.54 ft-lb) torque at 10,000 rpm for every 30.48 cm (12 inches) of power section. The 4.29 cm (1.69 inch) OD radial inverted motor can generate 2.56 KW (3.43 Hp) power with 2.44 Nm (1.8 ft-lb) torque at full speed 10,000 rpm for every 30.48 cm (12 inches) of power section. Operating conditions are 300 voltage AC at the motor leads. Power voltage losses in the cables/wirelines to the motor(s) are expected to be about 10% for 5000 feet carrying 2 amperes. Higher voltages and better insulators can lower these losses and carry more amperes. Cutting elements for such high tip velocities are currently not available, consequently these motors will not be built at this time. However, 7.62 cm (3 inch) OD, low speed, PMSM radial electric motors based on this project design are being built under a 2006 Oklahoma Center for the Advancement of Science and Technology 'proof of concept' grant.

Impact Technologies LLC; University of Texas at Arlington

2007-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

211

Electric Motors and Power Quality Disturbances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric motors and motor-driven systems form the backbone of the industrial sector, but these systems are susceptible to several power quality-related problems. Unbalanced voltages; voltage sags, swells, and interruptions; and overvoltages or undervoltages can cause havoc with motors, including premature motor failure from increased heating, motor inefficiency, poor power factor, and decreased starting and fullload torques. Because motor failures often result in loss of revenue, industries need to take ...

2011-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

212

High resolution time interval meter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Method and apparatus are provided for measuring the time interval between two events to a higher resolution than reliability available from conventional circuits and component. An internal clock pulse is provided at a frequency compatible with conventional component operating frequencies for reliable operation. Lumped constant delay circuits are provided for generating outputs at delay intervals corresponding to the desired high resolution. An initiation START pulse is input to generate first high resolution data. A termination STOP pulse is input to generate second high resolution data. Internal counters count at the low frequency internal clock pulse rate between the START and STOP pulses. The first and second high resolution data are logically combined to directly provide high resolution data to one counter and correct the count in the low resolution counter to obtain a high resolution time interval measurement.

Martin, A.D.

1986-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

213

Trexa Motor Corporation TMC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Trexa Motor Corporation TMC Jump to: navigation, search Name Trexa Motor Corporation (TMC) Place Los Angeles, California Sector Vehicles Product Los Angeles - based subsidiary of...

214

PC Based wireless stepper motor control.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This project is about making an embedded system in order to control different functionalities of a stepper motor. The main functions of this stepper motorÖ (more)

Jamal, Omar; Khan, Shahnawaz

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

CQST/CNEX Efficiency of Electric Motors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CQST/CNEX Efficiency of Electric Motors. NVLAP Lab Code: 200609-0. ... Send E-Mail to NVLAP at: NVLAP@nist.gov. Efficiency of Electric Motors. ...

2013-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

216

Mission Motors Company | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Motors Company Place San Francisco, California Zip 94103 Product San Francisco-based electric Motorcycle manufacturer. References Mission Motors Company1 LinkedIn...

217

CQST/CNEX Efficiency of Electric Motors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of Electric Motors. Accreditation Valid From: January 1, 2013 Through: December 31, 2013. [24/M01] IEEE 112, Method B Electric Motor Efficiency ...

2013-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

218

Determining Electric Motor Load and Efficiency  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

nance logging, inventory control, energy and dollar savings tracking, and life cycle cost analysis. MotorMaster+ is available at no cost to Motor Challenge Partners. 10 Electrical...

219

Advanced Manufacturing Office: MotorMaster+ International  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

on Twitter Bookmark Advanced Manufacturing Office: MotorMaster+ International on Google Bookmark Advanced Manufacturing Office: MotorMaster+ International on Delicious Rank...

220

Turn Motors Off When Not in Use  

SciTech Connect

This is one in a series of tip sheets to help manufacturers optimize their industrial motor and motor-driven systems.

Not Available

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motors time clocks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Magnetically Coupled Adjustable Speed Motor Drives  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is one in a series of tip sheets to help manufacturers optimize their industrial motor and motor-driven systems.

Not Available

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Highly Efficient Electric Motor Systems - National Renewable ...  

Electric Motor Systems ... savings. Conical hubs Matching axial field poles. Issued Patents on Motor Geometry. 7 NREL Energy Forum November 2009 www.novatorque.com.

223

Piezoelectric wave motor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A piezoelectric motor having a stator in which piezoelectric elements are contained in slots formed in the stator transverse to the desired wave motion. When an electric field is imposed on the elements, deformation of the elements imposes a force perpendicular to the sides of the slot, deforming the stator. Appropriate frequency and phase shifting of the electric field will produce a wave in the stator and motion in a rotor. In a preferred aspect, the piezoelectric elements are configured so that deformation of the elements in direction of an imposed electric field, generally referred to as the d.sub.33 direction, is utilized to produce wave motion in the stator. In a further aspect, the elements are compressed into the slots so as to minimize tensile stresses on the elements in use.

Yerganian, Simon Scott (Lee' s Summit, MO)

2001-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

224

Piezoelectric wave motor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A piezoelectric motor having a stator in which piezoelectric elements are contained in slots formed in the stator transverse to the desired wave motion. When an electric field is imposed on the elements, deformation of the elements imposes a force perpendicular to the sides of the slot, deforming the stator. Appropriate frequency and phase-shifting of the electric field will produce a wave in the stator and motion in a rotor. In a preferred aspect, the piezoelectric elements are configured so that deformation of the elements in the direction of an imposed electric field, generally referred to as the d.sub.33 direction, is utilized to produce wave motion in the stator. In a further aspect, the elements are compressed into the slots so as to minimize tensile stresses on the elements in use.

Yerganian, Simon Scott (Lee' s Summit, MO)

2003-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

225

Nuclear Maintenance Applications Center: Guide for the Performance of OnSite and Vendor Shop Inspections of Electric Motors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The power industry is experiencing a loss of expertise as its workforce ages. Compounding the problem is that many plants find that there is limited time to train new workers. Periodically, station and corporate motor specialists are asked to perform inspections of on-site motors to maintain a level of equipment reliability or to perform inspections for customers at vendor motor shops. This report should prove valuable during visual inspections of electric motors.

2008-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

226

Analysis of Power-Clocked CMOS with Application to the Design of Energy-Recovery Circuits*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysis of Power-Clocked CMOS with Application to the Design of Energy-Recovery Circuits* Massoud to the ground terminal, resulting in an irreversible energy conversion from electric energy to heat. As a result of energy conversion, i.e., one that minimizes the conversion of electric energy to heat. An energy

Pedram, Massoud

227

BATTERY AWARE TASK SCHEDULING FOR A SYSTEM-ON-A-CHIP USING VOLTAGE/CLOCK SCALING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BATTERY AWARE TASK SCHEDULING FOR A SYSTEM-ON-A-CHIP USING VOLTAGE/CLOCK SCALING Princey Chowdhury Engineering Tempe AZ 85287 ABSTRACT Battery lifetime is a critical parameter in the operation of mobile computing devices. The lifetime of such devices is directly dependent on the battery discharge profile

Chakrabarti, Chaitali

228

Process cruise control: event-driven clock scaling for dynamic power management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scalability of the core frequency is a common feature of low-power processor architectures. Many heuristics for frequency scaling were proposed in the past to find the best trade-off between energy efficiency and computational performance. With complex ... Keywords: clock scaling, event counters, power management, scheduling

Andreas Weissel; Frank Bellosa

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Reducing transistor count in clocked standard cells with ambipolar double-gate FETs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a set of circuit design approaches to achieve clocked standard logic cell functions with ambipolar double-gate devices such as the Double Gate Carbon Nanotube FET (DG-CNTFET). The cells presented in this work use the infield controllability ... Keywords: CNTFETs, advanced technologies, ambipolar double-gate devices, dynamic logic, standard cells

K. Jabeur; D. Navarro; I. O'Connor; P. E. Gaillardon; M. H. Ben Jamaa; F. Clermidy

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Summer 2003 Motor Gasoline Outlook.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3 3 1 Short-Term Energy Outlook April 2003 Summer 2003 Motor Gasoline Outlook Summary For the upcoming summer season (April to September 2003), high crude oil costs and other factors are expected to yield average retail motor gasoline prices higher than those of last year. Current crude oil prices reflect a substantial uncertainty premium due to concerns about the current conflict in the Persian Gulf, lingering questions about whether Venezuelan oil production will recover to near pre-strike levels in time for the peak driving season, and the impact of recent disruptions in Nigerian oil output. Moreover, unusually low crude oil and gasoline inventory levels at the outset of the driving season are expected to keep prices high throughout much of the

231

Symmetry Relations for Trajectories of a Brownian Motor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Brownian Motor is a nanoscale or molecular device that combines the effects of thermal noise, spatial or temporal asymmetry, and directionless input energy to drive directed motion. Because of the input energy, Brownian motors function away from thermodynamic equilibrium and concepts such as linear response theory, fluctuation dissipation relations, and detailed balance do not apply. The {\\em generalized} fluctuation-dissipation relation, however, states that even under strongly thermodynamically non-equilibrium conditions the ratio of the probability of a transition to the probability of the time-reverse of that transition is the exponent of the change in the internal energy of the system due to the transition. Here, we derive an extension of the generalized fluctuation dissipation theorem for a Brownian motor for the ratio between the probability for the motor to take a forward step and the probability to take a backward step.

R. Dean Astumian

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Why Time is Future Oriented  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We assume that the universe consists of clusters which in turns have sub-clusters and the sub-clusters have sub-subclusters and so on. Confining to three-dimensional space, it is shown that the universe is expanding if entropy of the universe increases. It is also shown that clocks slow down when time progresses towards future. Our model also justifies the big bang theory.

Shahid N. Afridi; M. Khalid Khan

2004-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

233

An ontology of time for the semantic web  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In connection with the DAML project for bringing about the Semantic Web, an ontology of time is being developed for describing the temporal content of Web pages and the temporal properties of Web services. This ontology covers topological properties ... Keywords: clock and calendar, duration, ontology, semantic web, temporal information, temporal relation, time, time zone

Jerry R. Hobbs; Feng Pan

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

A Novel Approach to Determining Motor Load  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Properly sized electric motors are essential if industrial plant efficiency is to be optimized and energy costs minimized. Because of the difficulty in making power measurements on three phase motors, loading is rarely, if ever, checked. A simple indication of motor load can be achieved by measuring operating speed because speed and load are almost linearly related. The decrease in motor speed from no load conditions, referred to as slip, can be determined with a non-contact, optical tachometer. Field measurements of motor slip were conducted at a textile plant to quantify motor load conditions. To verify the relationship between operating speed and load, measurements of motor power consumption on a representative number of motors were also conducted. The results of the motor survey, including number of motors, size, and load, are summarized in this paper along with an estimate of the savings from replacing oversized motors.

Brown, M.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Brushed permanent magnet DC MLC motor operation in an external magnetic field  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Linac-MR systems for real-time image-guided radiotherapy will utilize the multileaf collimators (MLCs) to perform conformal radiotherapy and tumor tracking. The MLCs would be exposed to the external fringe magnetic fields of the linac-MR hybrid systems. Therefore, an experimental investigation of the effect of an external magnetic field on the brushed permanent magnet DC motors used in some MLC systems was performed. Methods: The changes in motor speed and current were measured for varying external magnetic field strengths up to 2000 G generated by an EEV electromagnet. These changes in motor characteristics were measured for three orientations of the motor in the external magnetic field, mimicking changes in motor orientations due to installation and/or collimator rotations. In addition, the functionality of the associated magnetic motor encoder was tested. The tested motors are used with the Varian 120 leaf Millennium MLC (Maxon Motor half leaf and full leaf motors) and the Varian 52 leaf MKII MLC (MicroMo Electronics leaf motor) including a carriage motor (MicroMo Electronics). Results: In most cases, the magnetic encoder of the motors failed prior to any damage to the gearbox or the permanent magnet motor itself. This sets an upper limit of the external magnetic field strength on the motor function. The measured limits of the external magnetic fields were found to vary by the motor type. The leaf motor used with a Varian 52 leaf MKII MLC system tolerated up to 450{+-}10 G. The carriage motor tolerated up to 2000{+-}10 G field. The motors used with the Varian 120 leaf Millennium MLC system were found to tolerate a maximum of 600{+-}10 G. Conclusions: The current Varian MLC system motors can be used for real-time image-guided radiotherapy coupled to a linac-MR system, provided the fringe magnetic fields at their locations are below the determined tolerance levels. With the fringe magnetic fields of linac-MR systems expected to be larger than the tolerance levels determined, some form of magnetic shielding would be required.

Yun, J.; St Aubin, J.; Rathee, S.; Fallone, B. G. [Department of Physics, University of Alberta, 11322-89 Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2G7 (Canada) and Department of Oncology, Medical Physics Division, University of Alberta, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada); Department of Medical Physics, Cross Cancer Institute, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada) and Department of Oncology, Medical Physics Division, University of Alberta, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada); Department of Physics, University of Alberta, 11322-89 Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2G7 (Canada); Department of Medical Physics, Cross Cancer Institute, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada) and Department of Oncology, Medical Physics Division, University of Alberta, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

236

Submersible canned motor transfer pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A transfer pump used in a waste tank for transferring high-level radioactive liquid waste from a waste tank and having a column assembly, a canned electric motor means, and an impeller assembly with an upper impeller and a lower impeller connected to a shaft of a rotor assembly. The column assembly locates a motor housing with the electric motor means adjacent to the impeller assembly which creates an hydraulic head, and which forces the liquid waste, into the motor housing to cool the electric motor means and to cool and/or lubricate the radial and thrust bearing assemblies. Hard-on-hard bearing surfaces of the bearing assemblies and a ring assembly between the upper impeller and electric motor means grind large particles in the liquid waste flow. Slots in the static bearing member of the radial bearing assemblies further grind down the solid waste particles so that only particles smaller than the clearances in the system can pass therethrough, thereby resisting damage to and the interruption of the operation of the transfer pump. The column assembly is modular so that sections can be easily assembled, disassembled and/or removed. A second embodiment employs a stator jacket which provides an alternate means for cooling the electric motor means and lubricating and/or cooling the bearing assemblies, and a third embodiment employs a variable level suction device which allows liquid waste to be drawn into the transfer pump from varying and discrete levels in the waste tank.

Guardiani, Richard F. (Ohio Township, Allegheny County, PA); Pollick, Richard D. (Sarver, PA); Nyilas, Charles P. (Monroeville, PA); Denmeade, Timothy J. (Lower Burrell, PA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Submersible canned motor mixer pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A mixer pump used in a waste tank for mobilizing high-level radioactive liquid waste having a column assembly containing power cables, a motor housing with electric motor means which includes a stator can of a stator assembly and a rotor can of a rotor assembly, and an impeller assembly with an impeller connected to a shaft of the rotor assembly. The column assembly locates the motor housing with the electric motor means adjacent to the impeller which creates an hydraulic head, and which forces the liquid waste into the motor housing to cool the electric motor means and to lubricate radial and thrust bearing assemblies. Hard-on-hard bearing surfaces of the bearing assemblies and a ring assembly between the impeller and electric motor means act to grind down large particles in the liquid waste flow. These larger particles are received in slots in the static bearing members of the radial bearing assemblies. Only solid waste particles smaller than the clearances in the system can pass therethrough, thereby resisting damage to and the interruption of the operation of the mixer pump.

Guardiani, Richard F. (Ohio Township, PA); Pollick, Richard D. (Sarver, PA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Submersible canned motor mixer pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A mixer pump is described used in a waste tank for mobilizing high-level radioactive liquid waste having a column assembly containing power cables, a motor housing with electric motor means which includes a stator can of a stator assembly and a rotor can of a rotor assembly, and an impeller assembly with an impeller connected to a shaft of the rotor assembly. The column assembly locates the motor housing with the electric motor means adjacent to the impeller which creates an hydraulic head, and which forces the liquid waste into the motor housing to cool the electric motor means and to lubricate radial and thrust bearing assemblies. Hard-on-hard bearing surfaces of the bearing assemblies and a ring assembly between the impeller and electric motor means act to grind down large particles in the liquid waste flow. These larger particles are received in slots in the static bearing members of the radial bearing assemblies. Only solid waste particles smaller than the clearances in the system can pass there through, thereby resisting damage to and the interruption of the operation of the mixer pump. 10 figs.

Guardiani, R.F.; Pollick, R.D.

1997-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

239

Research Laboratories General Motors Corporation General Motors Technical Center  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

MI. 1-q Research Laboratories General Motors Corporation General Motors Technical Center Warren, Michigan 48090 January 21, 1977 Occupational Health Standards Branch Office of Standards Development U. S. Nuclear Requlatory Commission Washington, D.C. 20555 Attention: Mr. Robert E. Alexander, Chief Dear Mr. Alexander: In 1974, General Motors Corporation acquired a manufacturing plant in Adrian, Michigan. On October 21, 1976, General Motors announced that work would begin immediately to prepare the plant for manufacturing operations (Appendix A). A news release, made by Mr. Irving Loop of ERDA and carried by radio station WABJ of Adrian, Michigan on May 11, 1976, stated that natural uranium was handled in the plant after World War II and that

240

State observer for synchronous motors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A state observer driven by measurements of phase voltages and currents for estimating the angular orientation of a rotor of a synchronous motor such as a variable reluctance motor (VRM). Phase voltages and currents are detected and serve as inputs to a state observer. The state observer includes a mathematical model of the electromechanical operation of the synchronous motor. The characteristics of the state observer are selected so that the observer estimates converge to the actual rotor angular orientation and velocity, winding phase flux linkages or currents.

Lang, Jeffrey H. (Waltham, MA)

1994-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motors time clocks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Finished Motor Gasoline Net Production  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Data Series: Finished Motor Gasoline Finished Motor Gasoline (less Adj.) Reformulated Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Blenede w/ Fuel Ethanol Reformulated Other Gasoline Conventional Gasoline Conventional Gasoline Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol Conventional Gasoline Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol, Ed55 & Ed55 Other Conventional Gasoline Finished Motor Gasoline Adjustment Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene-Type Jet, Commercial Kerosene-Type Jet, Military Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate Fuel Oil, 15 ppm Sulfur and Under Distillate Fuel Oil > 15 ppm to 500 ppm Sulfur Distillate Fuel Oil > 500 ppm Sulfur Residual Fuel Oil Propane/Propylene Period: Weekly 4-Week Average

242

Low-cost motor drive embedded fault diagnosis systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electric motors are used widely in industrial manufacturing plants. Bearing faults, insulation faults, and rotor faults are the major causes of electric motor failures. Based on the line current analysis, this dissertation mainly deals with the low cost incipient fault detection of inverter-fed driven motors. Basically, low order inverter harmonics contributions to fault diagnosis, a motor drive embedded condition monitoring method, analysis of motor fault signatures in noisy line current, and a few specific applications of proposed methods are studied in detail. First, the effects of inverter harmonics on motor current fault signatures are analyzed in detail. The introduced fault signatures due to harmonics provide additional information about the motor faults and enhance the reliability of fault decisions. It is theoretically and experimentally shown that the extended fault signatures caused by the inverter harmonics are similar and comparable to those generated by the fundamental harmonic on the line current. In the next chapter, the reference frame theory is proposed as a powerful toolbox to find the exact magnitude and phase quantities of specific fault signatures in real time. The faulty motors are experimentally tested both offline, using data acquisition system, and online, employing the TMS320F2812 DSP to prove the effectiveness of the proposed tool. In addition to reference frame theory, another digital signal processor (DSP)-based phasesensitive motor fault signature detection is presented in the following chapter. This method has a powerful line current noise suppression capability while detecting the fault signatures. It is experimentally shown that the proposed method can determine the normalized magnitude and phase information of the fault signatures even in the presence of significant noise. Finally, a signal processing based fault diagnosis scheme for on-board diagnosis of rotor asymmetry at start-up and idle mode is presented. It is quite challenging to obtain these regular test conditions for long enough time during daily vehicle operations. In addition, automobile vibrations cause a non-uniform air-gap motor operation which directly affects the inductances of electric motor and results quite noisy current spectrum. The proposed method overcomes the challenges like aforementioned ones simply by testing the rotor asymmetry at zero speed.

Akin, Bilal

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Motor vehicles and global warming  

SciTech Connect

Energy use in transportation is one of the contributors to the concern over global warming. The primary greenhouse gases released by the transportation sector are carbon dioxide and chlorofluorocarbons. When all greenhouse gases are considered, CO{sub 2} emissions from the operation of highway vehicles worldwide represent about 4.7% of global warming enhancement. CO{sub 2} emissions from U.S. highway vehicles along represent about 2 to 2.5% of worldwide greenhouse gases. The use of CFCs in automotive air conditioning, in blowing foams for seats and padding and in the manufacture of electronic circuit boards accounted for 15% of the global usage of CFC-12 in 1985 according to the U.S. EPA. The Motor Vehicle Manufacturers Association supports the phase-out of CFC use provided that safe substitutes are available and that adequate lead time is allowed for.They suggest that reduction of greenhouse gases would require planning on a global scope to be effective. One alternative they suggest for further study is a carbon fee for reducing emissions of carbon dioxide. This fee would be levied on each type of fossil fuel, proportional to its carbon content per unit of energy.

Halberstadt, M.L.

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Doubly Salient Permanent Magnet Motor Development Review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The research of doubly salient permanent magnet motor (DSPM), arises as the emergence of a novel type mechatronic control of AC drive system. Currently, on the international realm, the studies regarding on this kind of motor mainly focus on calculation ... Keywords: Doubly Salient, Permanent Magnet Motor, AC Variable Speed, Magnetic Materials, Switched Reluctance Motor

Lina Yi, Meng Zhao

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Ultra-Efficient and Power Dense Electric Motors for U. S. Industry  

SciTech Connect

The primary purpose of this project was to combine the ease-of-installation and ease-of-use attributes of industrial induction motors with the low-loss and small size and weight advantages of PM motors to create an ultra-efficient, high power density industrial motor that can be started across-the-line or operated from a standard, Volts/Hertz drive without the need for a rotor position feedback device. PM motor products that are currently available are largely variable speed motors that require a special adjustable speed drive with rotor position feedback. The reduced size and weight helps to offset the magnet cost in order make these motors commercially viable. The scope of this project covers horsepower ratings from 20 ? 500. Prototypes were built and tested at ratings ranging from 30 to 250 HP. Since fans, pumps and compressors make up a large portion of industrial motor applications, the motor characteristics are tailored to those applications. Also, since there is extensive use of adjustable frequency inverters in these applications, there is the opportunity to design for an optimal pole number and operate at other than 60 Hz frequency when inverters are utilized. Designs with four and eight pole configurations were prototyped as part of this work. Four pole motors are the most commonly used configuration in induction motors today. The results of the prototype design, fabrication, and testing were quite successful. The 50 HP rating met all of the design goals including efficiency and power density. Tested values of motor losses at 50 HP were 30% lower than energy efficient induction motors and the motor weight is 35% lower than the energy efficient induction motor of the same rating. Further, when tested at the 30 HP rating that is normally built in this 286T frame size, the efficiency far exceeds the project design goals with 30 HP efficiency levels indicating a 55% reduction in loss compared to energy efficient motors with a motor weight that is a few percentage points lower than the energy efficient motor. This 30 HP rating full load efficiency corresponds to a 46% reduction in loss compared to a 30 HP NEMA Premium? efficient motor. The cost goals were to provide a two year or shorter efficiency-based payback of a price premium associated with the magnet cost in these motors. That goal is based on 24/7 operation with a cost of electricity of 10 cents per kW-hr. Similarly, the 250 HP prototype efficiency testing was quite successful. In this case, the efficiency was maximized with a slightly less aggressive reduction in active material. The measured full load efficiency of 97.6% represents in excess of a 50% loss reduction compared to the equivalent NEMA Premium Efficiency induction motor. The active material weight reduction was a respectable 14.5% figure. This larger rating demonstrated both the scalability of this technology and also the ability to flexibly trade off power density and efficiency. In terms of starting performance, the 30 ? 50 HP prototypes were very extensively tested. The demonstrated capability included the ability to successfully start a load with an inertia of 25 times the motor?s own inertia while accelerating against a load torque following a fan profile at the motor?s full nameplate power rating. This capability will provide very wide applicability of this motor technology. The 250 HP prototype was also tested for starting characteristics, though without a coupled inertia and load torque. As a result it was not definitively proven that the same 25 times the motor?s own inertia could be started and synchronized successfully at 250 HP. Finite element modeling implies that this load could be successfully started, but it has not yet been confirmed by a test.

Melfi, Michael J.; Schiferl, Richard F.; Umans, Stephen D.

2013-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

246

Myers Motors | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Myers Motors Myers Motors Jump to: navigation, search Name Myers Motors Place Tallmadge, Ohio Zip 44278 Sector Vehicles Product Myers Motors produces three wheeled electric vehicles. Coordinates 41.10294¬į, -81.440864¬į Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.10294,"lon":-81.440864,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

247

AQWON Motors | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AQWON Motors AQWON Motors Jump to: navigation, search Name AQWON-Motors Place Speinshart, Germany Zip 92676 Sector Hydro, Hydrogen Product AQWON-Motors has developed the first hydrogen powered 2 stroke-engine scooter. It has been approved by the German T√ÉŇďV√ā (the official technical inspection agency). Coordinates 49.78699¬į, 11.820385¬į Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":49.78699,"lon":11.820385,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

248

General Motors | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

description http:www.nrel.govnewspress2006375.html LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now General Motors is a company located in...

249

Tesla Motors | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tesla Motors Tesla Motors Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Tesla Motors Name Tesla Motors Address 1050 Bing Street Place San Carlos, California Zip 94070 Sector Vehicles Product Produces electric vehicles Website http://www.teslamotors.com/ Coordinates 37.496737¬į, -122.245323¬į Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.496737,"lon":-122.245323,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

250

Comparison and Analysis of Classical Motor with Amorphous Iron Motor Based on Ansoft  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

At present, various types of motors of total power is up to 420 million kilowatts and the consumption accounts for 60% of country's total electricity. The motor is high cost, energy consumption and so on while it is produced using traditional materials ... Keywords: Ansoft, amorphous iron motor, motor modeling, motor simulation

Jianwei Leng; Ting Liu

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Transport Characteristics of Molecular Motors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Properties of transport of molecular motors are investigated. A simplified model based on the concept of Brownian ratchets is applied. We analyze a stochastic equation of motion by means of numerical methods. The transport is systematically studied with respect to its energetic efficiency and quality expressed by an effective diffusion coefficient. We demonstrate the role of friction and non-equilibrium driving on the transport quantifiers and identify regions of a parameter space where motors are optimally transported.

Machura, Lukasz; Luczka, Jerzy; 10.1016/j.biosystems.2008.05.033

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Segmented rail linear induction motor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A segmented rail linear induction motor has a segmented rail consisting of a plurality of nonferrous electrically conductive segments aligned along a guideway. The motor further includes a carriage including at least one pair of opposed coils fastened to the carriage for moving the carriage. A power source applies an electric current to the coils to induce currents in the conductive surfaces to repel the coils from adjacent edges of the conductive surfaces.

Cowan, Jr., Maynard (1107 Stagecoach Rd. SE., Albuquerque, NM 87123); Marder, Barry M. (1412 Pinnacle View Dr. NE., Albuquerque, NM 87123)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Segmented rail linear induction motor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A segmented rail linear induction motor has a segmented rail consisting of a plurality of nonferrous electrically conductive segments aligned along a guideway. The motor further includes a carriage including at least one pair of opposed coils fastened to the carriage for moving the carriage. A power source applies an electric current to the coils to induce currents in the conductive surfaces to repel the coils from adjacent edges of the conductive surfaces. 6 figs.

Cowan, M. Jr.; Marder, B.M.

1996-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

254

Direct drive field actuator motors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A positive-drive field actuator motor is described which includes a stator carrying at least one field actuator which changes in dimension responsive to application of an energy field, and at least one drive shoe movable by the dimensional changes of the field actuator to contact and move a rotor element with respect to the stator. Various embodiments of the motor are disclosed, and the rotor element may be moved linearly or arcuately. 62 figs.

Grahn, A.R.

1998-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

255

A Kinesin Motor In A Force-producing Conformation  

SciTech Connect

Kinesin motors hydrolyze ATP to produce force and move along microtubules, converting chemical energy into work by a mechanism that is only poorly understood. Key transitions and intermediate states in the process are still structurally uncharacterized, and remain outstanding questions in the field. Perturbing the motor by introducing point mutations could stabilize transitional or unstable states, providing critical information about these rarer states. Here we show that mutation of a single residue in the kinesin-14 Ncd causes the motor to release ADP and hydrolyze ATP faster than wild type, but move more slowly along microtubules in gliding assays, uncoupling nucleotide hydrolysis from force generation. A crystal structure of the motor shows a large rotation of the stalk, a conformation representing a force-producing stroke of Ncd. Three C-terminal residues of Ncd, visible for the first time, interact with the central {beta}-sheet and dock onto the motor core, forming a structure resembling the kinesin-1 neck linker, which has been proposed to be the primary force-generating mechanical element of kinesin-1. Force generation by minus-end Ncd involves docking of the C-terminus, which forms a structure resembling the kinesin-1 neck linker. The mechanism by which the plus- and minus-end motors produce force to move to opposite ends of the microtubule appears to involve the same conformational changes, but distinct structural linkers. Unstable ADP binding may destabilize the motor-ADP state, triggering Ncd stalk rotation and C-terminus docking, producing a working stroke of the motor.

Heuston, E.; Bronner, C; Kull, F; Endow, S

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

EERE-2010-BT-STD-0027 Ex Parte Letter NEMA Motor Training re DOE Motors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0-BT-STD-0027 Ex Parte Letter NEMA Motor Training re DOE 0-BT-STD-0027 Ex Parte Letter NEMA Motor Training re DOE Motors Rule 15 July 2013. EERE-2010-BT-STD-0027 Ex Parte Letter NEMA Motor Training re DOE Motors Rule 15 July 2013. This memorandum memorializes a communication between DOE staff and members of the NEMA Motor and Generator Section in connection with this proceeding. NEMA thanks the DOE for the opportunity to conduct training for DOE staff and its consultants on July 15th, 2013 which illustrated the different types of motors, motor construction theory and motor applications by type. It is our hope that better understanding of motor types and construction will assist the Department and its consultants with the discharge of their duties. EERE-2010-BT-STD-0027 Ex Parte Letter NEMA Motor Training re DOE Motors

257

Conducting a Motor Survey: Key Step for Establishing a Motor Management Policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Roughly 70% of the energy consumed by manufacturing processes is used by electric motors. According to the U.S. Department of Energy, greater attention to motor systems management can reduce motor-related energy costs by 18%. Establishing a motor management policy is therefore an essential task for any plant manager or engineer concerned with minimizing motor (and process) downtime and reducing energy costs. In order to develop an effective motor policy, a manager needs information on the number and condition of motors in use. A targeted motor survey will collect data on a representative sample of a plant's motor population. This survey information will then provide a basis for further development of the motor policy. This paper discusses the process of conducting a motor survey. It identifies the type of information to be collected, along with a methodology for selecting appropriate sample motors for more detailed investigations.

Miller, R. B.

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

TEE-0003 - In the Matter of Emerson Motor Technologies | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

TEE-0003 - In the Matter of Emerson Motor Technologies TEE-0003 - In the Matter of Emerson Motor Technologies TEE-0003 - In the Matter of Emerson Motor Technologies This Decision and Order considers an Application for Exception filed by Emerson Motor Technologies (Emerson), seeking relief from the provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 431, Energy Efficiency Program for Certain Commercial and Industrial Equipment: Test Procedures, Labeling and Certification Requirements for Electric Motors. In its exception request, Emerson seeks retroactive relief that would allow it to sell a single non-conforming electric motor to Entergy Operations, Inc. on a one-time basis. As set forth in this Decision and Order, we have concluded that Emerson's Application for Exception should be granted. tee0003.pdf More Documents & Publications

259

Submersible canned motor transfer pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A transfer pump is described which is used in a waste tank for transferring high-level radioactive liquid waste from a waste tank and having a column assembly, a canned electric motor means, and an impeller assembly with an upper impeller and a lower impeller connected to a shaft of a rotor assembly. The column assembly locates a motor housing with the electric motor means adjacent to the impeller assembly which creates an hydraulic head, and which forces the liquid waste, into the motor housing to cool the electric motor means and to cool and/or lubricate the radial and thrust bearing assemblies. Hard-on-hard bearing surfaces of the bearing assemblies and a ring assembly between the upper impeller and electric motor means grind large particles in the liquid waste flow. Slots in the static bearing member of the radial bearing assemblies further grind down the solid waste particles so that only particles smaller than the clearances in the system can pass there through, thereby resisting damage to and the interruption of the operation of the transfer pump. The column assembly is modular so that sections can be easily assembled, disassembled and/or removed. A second embodiment employs a stator jacket which provides an alternate means for cooling the electric motor means and lubricating and/or cooling the bearing assemblies, and a third embodiment employs a variable level suction device which allows liquid waste to be drawn into the transfer pump from varying and discrete levels in the waste tank. 17 figs.

Guardiani, R.F.; Pollick, R.D.; Nyilas, C.P.; Denmeade, T.J.

1997-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

260

Individual Flip-Flops with Gated Clocks for Low Power Datapaths  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy consumption has become one of the important factors in digital systems, because of the requirement to dissipate this energy in high-density circuits and to extend the battery life in portable systems such as devices with wireless communication capabilities. Flip-flops are one of the most energyconsuming components of digital circuits. This paper presents techniques to reduce energy consumption by individually deactivating the clock when flip-flops do not have to change their value. Flip-flop structures are proposed and selection criteria given to obtain minimum energy consumption. The structures have been evaluated using energy models and validated by switch-level simulations. For the applications considered, significant energy reductions are achieved. Index Terms---Flip-flop energy model, gated clocks, low power datapaths. I.

Tomas Lang Enric; Low Power Datapaths

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motors time clocks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Design of oversampling current steering DAC with 640MHz equivalent clock frequency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A DAC (Digital-to-Analog Converter) architecture based on the current steering method is proposed. The architecture exploits the first order sigma-delta modulator, oversampling technique, multi-bit and MASH (multi stage noise shaping) configuration. The DAC adopted MASH structure requires two current steering 6-bit D/A converters whose current references are properly scaled. The two output currents are combined at the output node to achieve the output signal. For high frequency operation, we modified sigma-delta structure to parallel four paths digital sigma-delta modulator by concerning the data stream in the conventional sigma-delta architecture. Each path has the 160MHz-clock frequency so that total output data stream can work at 640MHz-clock frequency. Since the DAC employs multi-bit solution, the dynamic matching of element technique is applied to current cells in the DAC. Rotated data weight averaging algorithm, one of the matching techniques, is used for mismatch error reduction. The DAC operates with an oversampling factor equal to 8 and 40 MHz band-width (clock frequency 640 MHz) and the possible output SNR (signal-to-noise ratio) reaches an SNR as large as 86 dB.

Choi, Yunyoung

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

The infant motor profile : a standardized and qualitative assessment of motor bahaviour in infancy.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis presents the Infant Motor Profile (IMP), a new, video-based qualitative assessment of motor behaviour of infants aged 3 to 18 months. The IMPÖ (more)

Heineman, Kirsten Roselien

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Doppler-free spectroscopy of the 1S0-3P0 optical clock transition in laser-cooled fermionic isotopes of neutral mercury  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have performed for the first time direct laser spectroscopy of the 1S0-3P0 optical clock transition at 265.6 nm in fermionic isotopes of neutral mercury laser-cooled in a magneto-optical trap. Spectroscopy is performed by measuring the depletion of the magneto-optical trap induced by the excitation of the long-lived 3P0 state by a probe at 265.6 nm. Measurements resolve the Doppler-free recoil doublet allowing for a determination of the transition frequency to an uncer- tainty well below the Doppler-broadened linewidth. We have performed absolute measurement of the frequency with respect to an ultra-stable reference monitored by LNE-SYRTE fountain pri- mary frequency standards using a femtosecond laser frequency comb. The measured frequency is 1128575290808 +/- 5.6 kHz in 199Hg and 1128569561140 +/- 5.3 kHz in 201Hg, more than 4 orders of magnitude better than previous indirect determinations. Owing to a low sensitivity to blackbody radiation, mercury is a promising candidate for reaching the ultimate performance of optical lattice clocks.

M. Petersen; R. Chicireanu; S. T. Dawkins; D. V. Magalh„es; C. Mandache; Y. Lecoq; A. Clairon; S. Bize

2008-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

264

Three phase AC motor controller  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A motor controller for a three phase AC motor (10) which is adapted to operate bidirectionally from signals received either from a computer (30) or a manual control (32). The controller is comprised of digital logic circuit means which implement a forward and reverse command signal channel (27, 29) for the application of power through the forward and reverse power switching relays (16, 18, 20, 22). The digital logic elements are cross coupled to prevent activation of both channels simultaneously and each includes a plugging circuit (65, 67) for stopping the motor upon the removal of control signal applied to one of the two channels (27, 29) for a direction of rotation desired. Each plugging circuit (65, 67) includes a one-shot pulse signal generator (88, 102) which outputs a single pulse signal of predetermined pulsewidth which is adapted to inhibit further operation of the application of power in the channel which is being activated and to apply a reversal command signal to the other channel which provides a reversed phase application of power to the motor for a period defined by the pulse-width output of the one-shot signal generator to plug the motor (10) which will then be inoperative until another rotational command signal is applied to either of the two channels.

Vuckovich, Michael (Elizabeth, PA); Wright, Maynard K. (Bethel Park, PA); Burkett, John P. (South Huntington Township, Westmoreland County, PA)

1984-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

265

Reduced vibration motor winding arrangement  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates generally to an electric motor winding and, more particularly, to a three phase motor armature winding arrangement designed to reduce motor vibration and improve efficiency. An individual phase winding arrangement having a sixty electrical degree phase belt width for use with a three phase motor armature includes a delta connected phase winding portion and a wye connected phase winding portion. Both the delta and wye connected phase winding portions have a thirty electrical degree phase belt width. The delta and wye connected phase winding portions are each formed from a preselected number of individual coils each formed, in turn, from an unequal number of electrical conductor turns in the approximate ratio of {radical}3. The individual coils of the delta and wye connected phase winding portions may either be connected in series or parallel. This arrangement provides an armature winding for a three phase motor which retains the benefits of the widely known and utilized thirty degree phase belt concept, including improved mmf waveform and fundamental distribution factor.

Slavik, C.J.; Rhudy, R.G.; Bushman, R.E.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

266

Motor generator electric automotive vehicle  

SciTech Connect

A motor generator electric automotive vehicle is described comprising in combination, a traction drive motor coupled by a first drive shaft to a differential of an axle of the vehicle, a main battery bank electrically connected by wires to a small electric motor driving a large D.C. generator having a second drive shaft therebetween, an on-off switch in series with one of the wires to the small motor, a speed control unit attached to an accelerator pedal of the vehicle being coupled with a double pole-double throw reverse switch to the traction drive motor, a charger regulator electrically connected to the generator, a bank of solar cells coupled to the charge regulator, an electric extension cord from the charge regulator having a plug on its end for selective connection to an exterior electric power source, a plurality of pulleys on the second drive shaft, a belt unit driven by the pulley, one the belt unit being connected to a present alternator of the vehicle which is coupled to a present battery and present regulator of the vehicle, and other of the units being connected to power brakes and equipment including power steering and an air conditioner.

Weldin, W.

1986-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

267

Motor monitoring method and apparatus using high frequency ...  

A motor current analysis method and apparatus for monitoring electrical-motor-driven devices. The method and apparatus utilize high frequency portions of the motor ...

268

Carbonyl Emissions from Gasoline and Diesel Motor Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbonyl compounds present in motor vehicle exhaust, rangingfrom gasoline and diesel motor vehicles. Environ. Sci. Tech.composition and toxicity of motor vehicle emission samples.

Jakober, Chris A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Mechanisms of motor activity regulation in axonal transport  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

emerging principles of kinesin motor utilization." Annu Revopposite-polarity microtubule motors." J Cell Biol 156( 4):Kinesin mutations cause motor neuron disease phenotypes by

Reis, Gerald Feliz

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

VIA Motors electric vehicle platform | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

VIA Motors electric vehicle platform VIA Motors electric vehicle platform extended range electric vehicle technologies VIA Motors electric vehicle platform More Documents &...

271

Demand, Supply, and Price Outlook for Reformulated Motor Gasoline 1995  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

benzene extracted from the reformulated motor gasoline pool in their conventional motor gasoline. Importers lacking 1990 motor gasoline quality data with which to

272

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: MotorMaster+  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

implement an effective energy management program. MotorMaster+ contains a motor inventory module, where motor nameplate data is stored and linked to utility, facility, plant...

273

Lab 4 -Motor Constants and Sensor Calibration Consider a DC servo motor which is connected to a power supply. The motor inertia is Jm. The rotational  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lab 4 - Motor Constants and Sensor Calibration PRE-LAB Consider a DC servo motor which is connected to a power supply. The motor inertia is Jm. The rotational damping in the motor is bm. The motor produces a torque Tm = Kmi where Km is the motor's torque constant and i is the current from the power supply. a

Stanford University

274

Mission Motors | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Motors Motors Jump to: navigation, search Name Mission Motors Place San Francisco, California Sector Vehicles Product Electric Motorcycles Year founded 2007 Number of employees 11-50 Website http://www.ridemission.com/ Coordinates 37.7749295¬į, -122.4194155¬į Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.7749295,"lon":-122.4194155,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

275

Aptera Motors | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Aptera Motors Aptera Motors Jump to: navigation, search Name Aptera Motors Address 2778 Loker Avenue West Place Carlsbad, California Zip 92008 Sector Vehicles Product Aims to to make an aerodynamic two-seater hybrid electric vehicle Website http://www.aptera.com/ Coordinates 33.1412124¬į, -117.3205123¬į Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.1412124,"lon":-117.3205123,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

276

Cerebral Cortex doi:10.1093/cercor/bhi116 Temporary Occlusion of Associative Motor Cortical Plasticity by Prior Dynamic Motor Training  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A novel Hebbian stimulation paradigm was employed to examine physiological correlates of motor memory formation in humans. Repetitive pairing of median nerve stimulation with transcranial magnetic stimulation over the contralateral motor cortex (paired associative stimulation, PAS) may decrease human motor cortical excitability at interstimulus intervals of 10 ms (PAS10) or increase excitability at 25 ms (PAS25). The properties of this plasticity have previously been shown to resemble associative timing-dependent long-term depression (LTD) and long-term potentiation (LTP) as established in vitro. Immediately after training a novel dynamic motor task, the capacity of the motor cortex to undergo plasticity in response to PAS25 was abolished. PAS10-induced plasticity remained unchanged. When retested after 6 h, PAS25-induced plasticity recovered to baseline levels. After training, normal PAS25induced plasticity was observed in the contralateral training-naive

Katja Stefan; Matthias Wycislo; Reinhard Gentner; Axel Schramm; Markus Naumann; Karlheinz Reiners; Joseph Classen

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

The Allocation of the Social Costs of Motor-Vehicle Use to Six Classes of Motor Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

alcohol Unfinished oils Motor gasoline blending componentsalcohol Unfinished oils Motor gasoline blending componentsthe Use of Persian-Gulf Oil for Motor Vehicles (M. Delucchi

Delucchi, Mark A.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Thermoelectric generator for motor vehicle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thermoelectric generator for producing electric power for a motor vehicle from the heat of the exhaust gasses produced by the engine of the motor vehicle. The exhaust gasses pass through a finned heat transfer support structure which has seat positions on its outside surface for the positioning of thermoelectric modules. A good contact cylinder provides a framework from which a spring force can be applied to the thermoelectric modules to hold them in good contact on their seats on the surface of the heat transfer support structure.

Bass, John C. (6121 La Pintra Dr., La Jolla, CA 92037)

1997-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

279

Homopolar motor with dual rotors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A homopolar motor has a field rotor mounted on a frame for rotation in a first rotational direction and for producing an electromagnetic field, and an armature rotor mounted for rotation on said frame within said electromagnetic field and in a second rotational direction counter to said first rotational direction of said field rotor. The two rotors are coupled through a 1:1 gearing mechanism, so as to travel at the same speed but in opposite directions. This doubles the output voltage and output power, as compared to a motor in which only the armature is rotated. Several embodiments are disclosed. 7 figs.

Hsu, J.S.

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

An Improved Sensorless Control System of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To improve the performance of permanent magnet synchronous motor sensor less control system, the phase offset caused by the low pass filter must be considering. In this paper, to apply the linear control theory to PMSM system. The introduced control ... Keywords: PMSM, Reduced-order Observer, Group Time Delay, Adaptive, Sensorless

Long Tang, Hong-Lin Ou Yang, Chao Meng, Xin-Yuan Li, Xu-Jie Mo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motors time clocks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

The mean velocity of two-state models of molecular motor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The motion of molecular motor is essential to the biophysical functioning of living cells. In principle, this motion can be regraded as a multiple chemical states process. In which, the molecular motor can jump between different chemical states, and in each chemical state, the motor moves forward or backward in a corresponding potential. So, mathematically, the motion of molecular motor can be described by several coupled one-dimensional hopping models or by several coupled Fokker-Planck equations. To know the basic properties of molecular motor, in this paper, we will give detailed analysis about the simplest cases: in which there are only two chemical states. Actually, many of the existing models, such as the flashing ratchet model, can be regarded as a two-state model. From the explicit expression of the mean velocity, we find that the mean velocity of molecular motor might be nonzero even if the potential in each state is periodic, which means that there is no energy input to the molecular motor in each of the two states. At the same time, the mean velocity might be zero even if there is energy input to the molecular motor. Generally, the velocity of molecular motor depends not only on the potentials (or corresponding forward and backward transition rates) in the two states, but also on the transition rates between the two chemical states.

Yunxin Zhang

2010-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

282

Analysis of hunting in Synchronous Hysteresis Motor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Synchronous Hysteresis Motor has an inherent instability when it is used to drive a gyroscope wheel. The motor ideally should spin at a constant angular velocity, but it instead sporadically oscillates about synchronous ...

Truong, Cang Kim, 1979-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Hybrid vehicle motor alignment - Energy Innovation Portal  

A rotor of an electric motor for a motor vehicle is aligned to an axis of rotation for a crankshaft of an internal combustion engine having an internal combustion ...

284

Electric Motor Predictive Maintenance: Draft Guidelines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Predictive Maintenance can enhance the early detection and avoidance of incipient equipment failures in electric motors. This report provides draft guidelines to support the development of electric motor predictive maintenance (EMPM) programs at utility sites.

1997-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

285

Self-bearing motor design & control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents the design, implementation and control of a new class of self-bearing motors. The primary thesis contributions include the design and experimental demonstration of hysteresis self-bearing motors, novel ...

Imani Nejad, Mohammad

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

NEW MOTOR DESIGN CONCEPT FOR ENERGY SAVING APPLIED TO  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SHARK, NEW MOTOR DESIGN CONCEPT FOR ENERGY SAVING APPLIED TO SWITCHED RELUCTANCE MOTOR by Ana of the cylindrical and Shark air gap Switched Reluctance Motors and their assistance during the experimental work with other motor technologies such

287

Distributed monitoring system for electric-motor-driven compressors  

SciTech Connect

Personnel in the Instrumentation and Controls Division at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, in association with the United States Enrichment corporation (USEC), the Navy, and various Department of Energy sponsors, have been involved in the development and application of motor-current signature analysis (CSA) for several years. In that time CSA has proven to not only be useful for manually applied periodic monitoring of electrically driven equipment but it has also been demonstrated to be well suited for dedicated monitoring systems in industrial settings. Recent work has resulted in the development and installation of a system that can monitor up to 640 motor and compressor stages for various aerodynamic conditions in the gas compressors and electrical problems in the drive motors. This report describes a demonstration of that technology installed on 80 stages at each of the two USEC uranium enrichment plants.

Castleberry, K.N.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Measuring Devices: Compressed Natural Gas Retail Motor ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Compressed Natural Gas Retail Motor-Fuel Dispensers. ... Hydrogen Measuring Devices; Liquefied Petroleum Gas Liquid-Measuring Devices; ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

289

Motorized control for mirror mount apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A motorized control and automatic braking system for adjusting mirror mount apparatus is disclosed. The motor control includes a planetary gear arrangement to provide improved pitch adjustment capability while permitting a small packaged design. The motor control for mirror mount adjustment is suitable for laser beam propagation applications. The brake is a system of constant contact, floating detents which engage the planetary gear at selected between-teeth increments to stop rotation instantaneously when the drive motor stops.

Cutburth, Ronald W. (Tracy, CA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Frequency modulation drive for a piezoelectric motor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A piezoelectric motor has peak performance at a specific frequency f.sub.1 that may vary over a range of frequencies. A drive system is disclosed for operating such a motor at peak performance without feedback. The drive system consists of the motor and an ac source connected to power the motor, the ac source repeatedly generating a frequency over a range from f.sub.1 -.DELTA.x to f.sub.1 +.DELTA.y.

Mittas, Anthony (Albuquerque, NM)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Retail Motor-Fuel Dispensers and Consoles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Retail Motor-Fuel Dispensers and Consoles. Purpose: This 5-day RMFD course provides participants with the knowledge ...

2013-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

292

Coupling between motor proteins determines dynamic behaviors of motor protein assemblies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Coupling between motor proteins determines dynamic behaviors of motor protein assemblies Jonathan W of intracellular cargos by multiple microtubule motor proteins is believed to be a common and significant phenomenon in vivo, yet signatures of the microscopic dynamics of multiple motor systems are only now

293

Ameren Illinois (Electric) - Custom, HVAC, and Motor Business...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Custom, HVAC, and Motor Business Efficiency Incentives Ameren Illinois (Electric) - Custom, HVAC, and Motor Business Efficiency Incentives Eligibility Commercial Industrial...

294

Electric Motor Predictive and Preventive Maintenance Guide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric motor failure could result in lost capacity as well as excessive repair and maintenance costs. This guide provides information on establishing an effective maintenance program to help prevent unexpected motor failures, costly downtime, and unnecessary maintenance costs. Specifically, the guide summarizes technical data relative to four basic power plant motor types and associated components.

1992-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

295

Total Cost of Motor-Vehicle Use  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the use of Persian-Gulf oil by motor vehicles The sociallye r s i a n - G u l f Oil f o r Motor Vehicles 16. T h e C ofor motor vehicles: lost consumer surplus in other oil-

Delucchi, Mark A.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Magnetic tweezers to study DNA motors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magnetic tweezers to study DNA motors Maria Ma√Īosas Ritort lab UB Barcelona Croquette-Bensimon lab ENS France #12;¬∑ Introduction to MT (magnetic tweezers) ¬∑ Applications: 1. Tracking DNA motors: (i) Helicases (ii) Annealing motor 2. Studying a multiprotein system: DNA replication Outline #12;¬∑ Atomic force

Ritort, Felix

297

Thermodynamics and Kinetics of a Brownian Motor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermodynamics and Kinetics of a Brownian Motor R. Dean Astumian Nonequilibrium fluctuations particle separation and the design of molecular motors and pumps. A small particle in a liquid is subject in conjunction with an- isotropy to drive a motor in the context of a "ratchet and pawl" device shrunk to micro

Linke, Heiner

298

INDUCTION MOTOR FAULT DIAGNOSTIC AND MONITORING METHODS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INDUCTION MOTOR FAULT DIAGNOSTIC AND MONITORING METHODS by Aderiano M. da Silva, B.S. A Thesis;i Abstract Induction motors are used worldwide as the "workhorse" in industrial applications material. However, induction motor faults can be detected in an initial stage in order to prevent

Povinelli, Richard J.

299

Method and apparatus for monitoring motor operated valve motor output torque and power at valve seating  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus are provided for monitoring a motor operated valve during the brief period when the valve seats and the torque switch trips to deenergize the valve motor. The method uses voltage measurements on the load side of a deenergizing switch that opens to deenergize the motor to determine, among other things, final motor rotational speed and the decelerating torque at motor deenergization.

Casada, Donald A. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Method and apparatus for monitoring motor operated valve motor output torque and power at valve seating  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus are provided for monitoring a motor operated valve during the brief period when the valve seats and the torque switch trips to deenergize the valve motor. The method uses voltage measurements on the load side of a deenergizing switch that opens to deenergize the motor to determine, among other things, final motor rotational speed and the decelerating torque at motor deenergization. 14 figs.

Casada, D.A.

1996-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motors time clocks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Use of MCC-Based Motor Torque Measurements for Periodic Verification of Motor-Operated Valves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report develops, justifies, and validates a motor control center- (MCC-) based motor torque periodic verification (MTPV) method for torque-switch-controlled closing strokes of rising stem motor-operated valves (MOVs) with ac motors. The report details the evaluation of motor torque data obtained from electrical measurements at the MCC and covers the use of these (and other) measurements in MOV periodic verification (PV) testing.

2006-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

302

Influence of direct motor-motor interaction in models for cargo transport by a single team of motors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze theoretically the effects of excluded-volume interactions between motors on the dynamics of a cargo driven by multiple motors. The model considered shares many commons with other recently proposed in the literature, with the addition of direct interaction between motors and motor back steps. The cargo is assumed to follow a continuum Langevin dynamics, while individual motors evolve following a Monte Carlo algorithm based on experimentally accessible probabilities for discrete forward and backward jumps, and attachment and detachment rates. The links between cargo and motors are considered as non linear springs. By means of numerical simulations we compute the relevant quantities characterizing the dynamical properties of the system, and we compare the results to those for non interacting motors. We find that interactions lead to quite relevant changes in the force-velocity relation for cargo, with a considerable reduction of the stall force, and cause also a notable decrease of the run length. The...

Bouzat, Sebastian; 10.1088/1478-3975/7/4/046009

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Section 5.7 Electric Motors and Drives: Greening Federal Facilities...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

have had sufficient run-time and are replaced with energy-efficient models. References Energy-Efficient Electric Motor Handbook, Revision 3, U.S. Department of Energy,...

304

An auxiliary capacitor based ultra-fast drive circuit for shear piezoelectric motors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Shear piezoelectric motors frequently require large voltage changes on very short time scales. Since piezos behave electrically as capacitors, this requires a drive circuit capable of quickly sourcing or sinking a large ...

Chatterjee, Kamalesh

305

Fiber Optic Sensors for Temperature and Strain Monitoring in Motors and Generators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Early detection of potential problems in motor and generator windings helps decrease outage time and reduces repair costs. This work demonstrates the use of fiber optic sensors for measuring temperature and strain in these and other electrical components.

1997-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

306

Method and apparatus for controlling multiple motors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus are provided for simultaneously controlling a plurality of stepper motors. Addressing circuitry generates address data for each motor in a periodic address sequence. Memory circuits respond to the address data for each motor by accessing a corresponding memory location containing a first operational data set functionally related to a direction for moving the motor, speed data, and rate of speed change. First logic circuits respond to the first data set to generate a motor step command. Second logic circuits respond to the command from the first logic circuits to generate a third data set for replacing the first data set in memory with a current operational motor status, which becomes the first data set when the motor is next addressed.

Jones, Rollin G. (Los Alamos, NM); Kortegaard, Bert L. (Los Alamos, NM); Jones, David F. (Los Alamos, NM)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Method and apparatus for controlling multiple motors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus are provided for simultaneously controlling a plurality of stepper motors. Addressing circuitry generates address data for each motor in a periodic address sequence. Memory circuits respond to the address data for each motor by accessing a corresponding memory location containing a first operational data set functionally related to a direction for moving the motor, speed data, and rate of speed change. First logic circuits respond to the first data set to generate a motor step command. Second logic circuits respond to the command from the first logic circuits to generate a third data set for replacing the first data set in memory with a current operational motor status, which becomes the first data set when the motor is next addressed.

Jones, R.G.; Kortegaard, B.L.; Jones, D.F.

1986-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

308

System and method for determining stator winding resistance in an AC motor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A system and method for determining stator winding resistance in an AC motor is disclosed. The system includes a circuit having an input connectable to an AC source and an output connectable to an input terminal of an AC motor. The circuit includes at least one contactor and at least one switch to control current flow and terminal voltages in the AC motor. The system also includes a controller connected to the circuit and configured to modify a switching time of the at least one switch to create a DC component in an output of the system corresponding to an input to the AC motor and determine a stator winding resistance of the AC motor based on the injected DC component of the voltage and current.

Lu, Bin (Kenosha, WI); Habetler, Thomas G. (Snellville, GA); Zhang, Pinjia (Atlanta, GA); Theisen, Peter J. (West Bend, WI)

2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

309

EA-1869: Supplement to General Motors Corp., Electric Vehicle/Battery  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9: Supplement to General Motors Corp., Electric 9: Supplement to General Motors Corp., Electric Vehicle/Battery Manufacturing Application, White Marsh, Maryland, and Wixom, Michigan (DOE/EA-1723-S1) EA-1869: Supplement to General Motors Corp., Electric Vehicle/Battery Manufacturing Application, White Marsh, Maryland, and Wixom, Michigan (DOE/EA-1723-S1) Overview Based on the analysis in the Environmental Assessment DOE determined that its proposed action, to award a federal grant to General Motors to establish an electric motor components manufacturing and electric drive assembly facility would result in no significant adverse impacts. Public Comment Opportunities No public comment opportunities available at this time. Documents Available for Download September 29, 2011 EA-1869: Final Environmental Assessment and Finding of No Significant

310

Time and Frequency News  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... NIST/CU 'Star Comb' Joins Quest for Earthlike Planets Release Date: 03/06 ... New Calculations on Blackbody Energy Set the Stage for Clocks with ...

2010-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

311

NIST Internet time service  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Most operating systems (ie Windows, Mac, Linux) have an option to automatically synchronize the system clock periodically using an NTP (network ...

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

312

Determination of the 5d6s 3D1 state lifetime and blackbody radiation clock shift in Yb  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Stark shift of the ytterbium optical clock transition due to room temperature blackbody radiation is dominated by a static Stark effect, which was recently measured to high accuracy [J. A. Sherman et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 153002 (2012)]. However, room temperature operation of the clock at 10^{-18} inaccuracy requires a dynamic correction to this static approximation. This dynamic correction largely depends on a single electric dipole matrix element for which theoretically and experimentally derived values disagree significantly. We determine this important matrix element by two independent methods, which yield consistent values. Along with precise radiative lifetimes of 6s6p 3P1 and 5d6s 3D1, we report the clock's blackbody radiation shift to 0.05% precision.

Beloy, K; Lemke, N D; Hinkley, N; Oates, C W; Ludlow, A D

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Cargo transportation by two species of motor protein  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The cargo motion in living cells transported by two species of motor protein with different intrinsic directionality is discussed in this study. Similar to single motor movement, cargo steps forward and backward along microtubule stochastically. Recent experiments found that, cargo transportation by two motor species has a memory, it does not change its direction as frequently as expected, which means that its forward and backward step rates depends on its previous motion trajectory. By assuming cargo has only the least memory, i.e. its step direction depends only on the direction of its last step, two cases of cargo motion are detailed analyzed in this study: {\\bf (I)} cargo motion under constant external load; and {\\bf (II)} cargo motion in one fixed optical trap. Due to the existence of memory, for the first case, cargo can keep moving in the same direction for a long distance. For the second case, the cargo will oscillate in the trap. The oscillation period decreases and the oscillation amplitude increases with the motor forward step rates, but both of them decrease with the trap stiffness. The most likely location of cargo, where the probability of finding the oscillated cargo is maximum, may be the same as or may be different with the trap center, which depends on the step rates of the two motor species. Meanwhile, if motors are robust, i.e. their forward to backward step rate ratios are high, there may be two such most likely locations, located on the two sides of the trap center respectively. The probability of finding cargo in given location, the probability of cargo in forward/backward motion state, and various mean first passage times of cargo to give location or given state are also analyzed.

Yunxin Zhang

2012-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

314

MTBE, Oxygenates, and Motor Gasoline  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

MTBE, Oxygenates, and MTBE, Oxygenates, and Motor Gasoline Contents * Introduction * Federal gasoline product quality regulations * What are oxygenates? * Who gets gasoline with oxygenates? * Which areas get MTBE? * How much has been invested in MTBE production capacity? * What does new Ethanol capacity cost? * What would an MTBE ban cost? * On-line information resources * Endnotes * Summary of revisions to this analysis Introduction The blending of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) into motor gasoline has increased dramatically since it was first produced 20 years ago. MTBE usage grew in the early 1980's in response to octane demand resulting initially from the phaseout of lead from gasoline and later from rising demand for premium gasoline. The oxygenated gasoline program stimulated an

315

Reduced vibration motor winding arrangement  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An individual phase winding arrangement having a sixty electrical degree phase belt width for use with a three phase motor armature includes a delta connected phase winding portion and a wye connected phase winding portion. Both the delta and wye connected phase winding portions have a thirty electrical degree phase belt width. The delta and wye connected phase winding portions are each formed from a preselected number of individual coils each formed, in turn, from an unequal number of electrical conductor turns in the approximate ratio of {radical}3. The individual coils of the delta and wye connected phase winding portions may either be connected in series or parallel. This arrangement provides an armature winding for a three phase motor which retains the benefits of the widely known and utilized thirty degree phase belt concept, including improved mmf waveform and fundamental distribution factor, with consequent reduced vibrations and improved efficiency. 4 figs.

Slavik, C.J.; Rhudy, R.G.; Bushman, R.E.

1997-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

316

System and method for motor speed estimation of an electric motor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and method for a motor management system includes a computer readable storage medium and a processing unit. The processing unit configured to determine a voltage value of a voltage input to an alternating current (AC) motor, determine a frequency value of at least one of a voltage input and a current input to the AC motor, determine a load value from the AC motor, and access a set of motor nameplate data, where the set of motor nameplate data includes a rated power, a rated speed, a rated frequency, and a rated voltage of the AC motor. The processing unit is also configured to estimate a motor speed based on the voltage value, the frequency value, the load value, and the set of nameplate data and also store the motor speed on the computer readable storage medium.

Lu, Bin (Kenosha, WI); Yan, Ting (Brookfield, WI); Luebke, Charles John (Sussex, WI); Sharma, Santosh Kumar (Viman Nagar, IN)

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

317

Hermetically sealed superconducting magnet motor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hermetically sealed superconducting magnet motor includes a rotor separated from a stator by either a radial gap, an axial gap, or a combined axial and radial gap. Dual conically shaped stators are used in one embodiment to levitate a disc-shaped rotor made of superconducting material within a conduit for moving cryogenic fluid. As the rotor is caused to rotate when the field stator is energized, the fluid is pumped through the conduit. 6 figs.

DeVault, R.C.; McConnell, B.W.; Phillips, B.A.

1996-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

318

Hermetically sealed superconducting magnet motor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hermetically sealed superconducting magnet motor includes a rotor separated from a stator by either a radial gap, an axial gap, or a combined axial and radial gap. Dual conically shaped stators are used in one embodiment to levitate a disc-shaped rotor made of superconducting material within a conduit for moving cryogenic fluid. As the rotor is caused to rotate when the field stator is energized, the fluid is pumped through the conduit.

DeVault, Robert C. (Knoxville, TN); McConnell, Benjamin W. (Knoxville, TN); Phillips, Benjamin A. (Benton Harbor, MI)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Solid Rocket Motor Acoustic Testing  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Acoustic data are often required for the determination of launch and powered flight loads for rocket systems and payloads. Such data are usually acquired during test firings of the solid rocket motors. In the current work, these data were obtained for two tests at a remote test facility where we were visitors. This paper describes the data acquisition and the requirements for working at a remote site, interfacing with the test hosts.

Rogers, J.D.

1999-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

320

Coupling between switching regulation and torque generation in bacterial flagellar motor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The bacterial flagellar motor plays a crucial role in both bacterial locomotion and chemotaxis. Recent experiments reveal that the switching dynamics of the motor depends on the motor rotation speed, and thus the motor torque, non-monotonically. Here we present a unified mathematical model which models motor torque generation based on experimental torque-speed curves and torque-dependent switching based on the conformational spread model. The model successfully reproduces the observed switching rate as a function of the rotation speed, and provides a generic physical explanation independent of most details. A stator affects the switching dynamics through two mechanisms: accelerating the conformation flipping rates of individual rotor switching units, which favours slower motor speed and thus increasing torque; and affecting more switching units within unit time, which favours faster speed. Consequently, the switching rate shows a maximum at intermediate speed. Our model predicts that a motor switches more often with more stators. The load-switching relation may serve as a mechanism for sensing the physical environment, similar to the chemotaxis system for sensing the chemical environment. It may also coordinate the switch dynamics of motors within a cell.

Fan Bai; Tohru Minamino; Zhanghan Wu; Keiichi Namba; Jianhua Xing

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motors time clocks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

INSPECTION MEANS FOR INDUCTION MOTORS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

an appartus is descripbe for inspcting electric motors and more expecially an appartus for detecting falty end rings inn suqirrel cage inductio motors while the motor is running. In its broua aspects, the mer would around ce of reference tedtor means also itons in the phase ition of the An electronic circuit for conversion of excess-3 binary coded serial decimal numbers to straight binary coded serial decimal numbers is reported. The converter of the invention in its basic form generally coded pulse words of a type having an algebraic sign digit followed serially by a plurality of decimal digits in order of decreasing significance preceding a y algebraic sign digit followed serially by a plurality of decimal digits in order of decreasing significance. A switching martix is coupled to said input circuit and is internally connected to produce serial straight binary coded pulse groups indicative of the excess-3 coded input. A stepping circuit is coupled to the switching matrix and to a synchronous counter having a plurality of x decimal digit and plurality of y decimal digit indicator terminals. The stepping circuit steps the counter in synchornism with the serial binary pulse group output from the switching matrix to successively produce pulses at corresponding ones of the x and y decimal digit indicator terminals. The combinations of straight binary coded pulse groups and corresponding decimal digit indicator signals so produced comprise a basic output suitable for application to a variety of output apparatus.

Williams, A.W.

1959-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

322

900 IEEE JOURNAL OF QUANTUM ELECTRONICS, VOL. 40, NO. 7, JULY 2004 A Short Wavelength GigaHertz Clocked Fiber-Optic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hertz Clocked Fiber-Optic Quantum Key Distribution System Karen J. Gordon, Veronica Fernandez, Paul D. Townsend telecommunications optical fiber, which is capable of operating at clock rates of greater than 1 GHz. The QKD system the possibility of free-space [5]­[8] and optical fiber-based QKD systems [9]­[14]. There has been growing

Buller, Gerald S.

323

Gyromagnetic factors and atomic clock constraints on the variation of fundamental constants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the effect of the coupled variations of fundamental constants on the nucleon magnetic moment. The nucleon g-factor enters into the interpretation of the measurements of variations in the fine-structure constant, {alpha}, in both the laboratory (through atomic clock measurements) and in astrophysical systems (e.g. through measurements of the 21 cm transitions). A null result can be translated into a limit on the variation of a set of fundamental constants, that is usually reduced to {alpha}. However, in specific models, particularly unification models, changes in {alpha} are always accompanied by corresponding changes in other fundamental quantities such as the QCD scale, {Lambda}{sub QCD}. This work tracks the changes in the nucleon g-factors induced from changes in {Lambda}{sub QCD} and the light quark masses. In principle, these coupled variations can improve the bounds on the variation of {alpha} by an order of magnitude from existing atomic clock and astrophysical measurements. Unfortunately, the calculation of the dependence of g-factors on fundamental parameters is notoriously model-dependent.

Luo Feng [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455 (United States); Olive, Keith A. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455 (United States); William I. Fine Theoretical Physics Institute, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455 (United States); Uzan, Jean-Philippe [Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, UMR-7095 du CNRS, Universite Paris VI Pierre et Marie Curie, 98 bis bd Arago, 75014 Paris (France); Astrophysics, Cosmology Gravitation Centre, Department of Mathematics and Applied Mathematics, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch 7701 (South Africa); National Institute for Theoretical Physics (NITheP), Stellenbosch 7600 (South Africa)

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

System and method for motor fault detection using stator current noise cancellation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A system and method for detecting incipient mechanical motor faults by way of current noise cancellation is disclosed. The system includes a controller configured to detect indicia of incipient mechanical motor faults. The controller further includes a processor programmed to receive a baseline set of current data from an operating motor and define a noise component in the baseline set of current data. The processor is also programmed to acquire at least on additional set of real-time operating current data from the motor during operation, redefine the noise component present in each additional set of real-time operating current data, and remove the noise component from the operating current data in real-time to isolate any fault components present in the operating current data. The processor is then programmed to generate a fault index for the operating current data based on any isolated fault components.

Zhou, Wei (Los Angeles, CA); Lu, Bin (Kenosha, WI); Nowak, Michael P. (Menomonee Falls, WI); Dimino, Steven A. (Wauwatosa, WI)

2010-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

325

Coupling of Two Motor Proteins: a New Motor Can Move Faster  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the effect of a coupling between two motor domains in highly-processive motor protein complexes. A simple stochastic discrete model, in which the two parts of the protein molecule interact through some energy potential, is presented. The exact analytical solutions for the dynamic properties of the combined motor species, such as the velocity and dispersion, are derived in terms of the properties of free individual motor domains and the interaction potential. It is shown that the coupling between the motor domains can create a more efficient motor protein that can move faster than individual particles. The results are applied to analyze the motion of helicase RecBCD molecules.

Evgeny B. Stukalin; Hubert Phillips III; Anatoly B. Kolomeisky

2005-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

326

Method for assessing in-service motor efficiency and in-service motor/load efficiency  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for assessing the efficiency of an in-service motor. The operating characteristics of the in-service motor are remotely measured. The operating characteristics are then applied to an equivalent circuit for electrical motors. Finally the equivalent circuit is evaluated to determine the performance characteristics of said in-service motor. Based upon the evaluation an individual is able to determine the rotor speed, power output, efficiency, and toque of the in-service motor. Additionally, an individual is able to confirm the calculations by comparing measured values with values obtained as a result of the motor equivalent circuit evaluation.

Kueck, John D. (Oak Ridge, TN); Otaduy, Pedro J. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Assessment of Efficiency and Application of Advanced Motor Technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This technical update explores four major emerging motor technologies. The four advanced motor types are Permanent magnet Brushless DC Motors (BLDC), Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors (PMSM), Switched Reluctance Motors and Field Oriented Vector Control Motors. These motor technologies are not necessarily new, but are becoming popular and attractive solutions because of material cost reductions, controller innovations or the promise of higher efficiency and improved component reliability. Overall, the a...

2009-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

328

U.S. total motor gasoline exports down slightly from last year but ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Greenhouse gas data, voluntary report- ing, electric power plant emissions. ... Total motor gasoline = finished motor gasoline + motor gasoline blending components.

329

Time to Celebrate: NIST Radio Station WWVB Logs 50 Years ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... such as refrigerators, microwave ovens and thermostats, motor vehicles, as well as ... get the time signal to original equipment manufacturers, and get ...

2013-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

330

FLIGHT: Clock Calibration Using Fluorescent Lighting Zhenjiang Li1,4, Wenwei Chen1, Cheng Li1, Mo Li1, Xiang-yang Li2, Yunhao Liu3,4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FLIGHT: Clock Calibration Using Fluorescent Lighting Zhenjiang Li1,4, Wenwei Chen1, Cheng Li1, Mo propose a novel clock calibration approach called FLIGHT, which leverages the fact that the fluorescent, Performance Keywords Clock calibration, Fluorescent lighting, Energy efficiency 1. INTRODUCTION Maintaining

Liu, Yunhao

331

Motor driven microtubule shape fluctuations - force from within the lattice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop a general theory of microtubule (MT) deformations by molecular motors generating internal force doublets within the MT lattice. We describe two basic internal excitations, the S and V shape, and compare them with experimental observations from literature. We explain the special role of tubulin vacancies and the dramatic deformation amplifying effect observed for katanin acting at positions of defects. Experimentally observed shapes are used to determine the ratio of MT shear and stretch moduli ($\\approx 6\\times10^{-5}$) and to estimate the forces induced in the MT lattice by katanin (10's of pN). For many motors acting on a single MT we derive expressions for the end-to-end distance reduction and provide criteria for dominance of this new effect over thermal fluctuations. We conclude that molecular motors if acting cooperatively can ''animate'' MTs from within the lattice and induce slack even without cross-bridging to other structures, a scenario very much reminiscent of the motor driven axoneme.

Herve Mohrbach; Igor M. Kulic

2007-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

332

Electric Motor Drive Selection Issues for HEV Propulsion Systems: A Comparative Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, the induction motor, the permanent magnet synchronous motor, and the switched reluctance motor. The main motor, the permanent magnet synchronous motor, and the switched reluctance motor [2]. Cross induction motors and the permanent magnet motors are highly dominant, whereas those on dc motors

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

333

Electric Motor Efficiency Standards and Regulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The last few years have seen the introduction of new standards and regulations for electric motor efficiency in the United States and elsewhere. The Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007 is perhaps the most significant of these and is expected to have a considerable impact on electric motor efficiency in the United States. Based on the National Equipment Manufacturers Association (NEMA) MG 1 2010 Premium Efficiency standard, EISA 2007 mandates that all new induction motors (barring some exc...

2011-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

334

Rotary steerable motor system for underground drilling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A preferred embodiment of a system for rotating and guiding a drill bit in an underground bore includes a drilling motor and a drive shaft coupled to drilling motor so that drill bit can be rotated by the drilling motor. The system further includes a guidance module having an actuating arm movable between an extended position wherein the actuating arm can contact a surface of the bore and thereby exert a force on the housing of the guidance module, and a retracted position.

Turner, William E. (Durham, CT); Perry, Carl A. (Middletown, CT); Wassell, Mark E. (Kingwood, TX); Barbely, Jason R. (Middletown, CT); Burgess, Daniel E. (Middletown, CT); Cobern, Martin E. (Cheshire, CT)

2010-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

335

Writing Motor Specifications - How to Include Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The escalating cost of electric power coupled with the rapid depletion of our non-renewable resources makes consideration of motor efficiency good sense both from economic and conservation viewpoints. The efficiency of an electric motor can be assessed during bid evaluation by applying loss penalties: however, the actual value can be influenced at an earlier stage by a careful review of what goes into the motor specification.

Quartermaine, B. J.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

System and method for determining stator winding resistance in an AC motor using motor drives  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and method for determining the stator winding resistance of AC motors is provided. The system includes an AC motor drive having an input connectable to an AC source and an output connectable to an input terminal of an AC motor, a pulse width modulation (PWM) converter having switches therein to control current flow and terminal voltages in the AC motor, and a control system connected to the PWM converter. The control system generates a command signal to cause the PWM converter to control an output of the AC motor drive corresponding to an input to the AC motor, selectively generates a modified command signal to cause the PWM converter to inject a DC signal into the output of the AC motor drive, and determines a stator winding resistance of the AC motor based on the DC signal of at least one of the voltage and current.

Lu, Bin; Habetler, Thomas G; Zhang, Pinjia

2013-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

337

Motor Systems Assessment Training, Including Use of the Motor Systems Tool Suite  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Motor Systems Assessment Training Motor Systems Assessment Training Presented by: Gilbert McCoy, PE Washington State University Extension Energy Program (360) 956-2086 mccoyg@energy.wsu.edu 2 Motor Systems Assessment Training 3 Motor Systems Assessment Training Department of Energy Information Resources U.S. DOE Industrial Technologies Program (ITP) BestPractices Website www.eere.energy.gov/industry/bestpractices EERE Information Center (877) 337-3463 Or www.eere.energy.gov/informationcenter 4 Motor Systems Assessment Training Big Picture Perspectives: Industrial Motor Systems Industrial motor systems: ÔŅĹ Are the single largest electrical end use category in the American economy ÔŅĹ Account for 23% of U.S. electrical sales. 5 Motor Systems Assessment Training Ultimate

338

Motor current signature analysis method for diagnosing motor-operated devices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A motor current noise signature analysis method for remotely monitoring the operating characteristics of an electric motor-operated device such as a motor-operated valve. Frequency domain signal analysis techniques are applied to a conditioned motor current signal to distinctly identify various operating parameters of the motor driven device from the motor current signature. The signature may be recorded and compared with subsequent signatures to detect operating abnormalities and degradation of the device. This diagnostic method does not require special equipment to be installed on the motor-operated device, and the current sensing may be performed at remote control locations, e.g., where the motor-operated devices are used in inaccessible or hostile environments. 6 figs.

Haynes, H.D.; Eissenberg, D.M.

1986-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

339

Reduced vibration motor winding arrangement - Energy ...  

An individual phase winding arrangement having a sixty electrical degree phase belt width for use with a three phase motor armature includes a delta connected phase ...

340

DOE Energy Information Administration Motor Gasoline Watch  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Motor Gasoline Watch November 18, 1998. SUPPLY. Higher production levels and a decline in demand contributed to an increase in stocks last week.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motors time clocks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Measuring Devices: Retail Motor-Fuel Dispensers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Retail Motor-Fuel Dispensers - Single, Dual, and Multi-Product and Blended Product. Intro about it. EPOs, Field Manual, Training ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

342

Electrical system for a motor vehicle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In one embodiment of the present invention, an electrical system for a motor vehicle comprises a capacitor, an engine cranking motor coupled to receive motive power from the capacitor, a storage battery and an electrical generator having an electrical power output, the output coupled to provide electrical energy to the capacitor and to the storage battery. The electrical system also includes a resistor which limits current flow from the battery to the engine cranking motor. The electrical system further includes a diode which allows current flow through the diode from the generator to the battery but which blocks current flow through the diode from the battery to the cranking motor. 2 figs.

Tamor, M.A.

1999-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

343

Tesla Motors Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Carlos, California Zip 94070 Sector Vehicles Product California-based producer of luxury electric vehicles, such as sports cars. References Tesla Motors Inc1 LinkedIn...

344

Electrical system for a motor vehicle  

SciTech Connect

In one embodiment of the present invention, an electrical system for a motor vehicle comprises a capacitor, an engine cranking motor coupled to receive motive power from the capacitor, a storage battery and an electrical generator having an electrical power output, the output coupled to provide electrical energy to the capacitor and to the storage battery. The electrical system also includes a resistor which limits current flow from the battery to the engine cranking motor. The electrical system further includes a diode which allows current flow through the diode from the generator to the battery but which blocks current flow through the diode from the battery to the cranking motor.

Tamor, Michael Alan (Toledo, OH)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Synchronous operation of the BLDC motor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The brushless de (BLDC) motor is becoming widely used and popular in the small horsepower motor applications. Factors such as simplicity in control, low cost, high efficiency, low frame size, high torque per inertia, high power density and, most importantly, being br-ushless are the reasons that make the BLDC motor very attractive in motor drive applications. In this research a systematic approach to synchronous operation of the brushless DC (BLDC) motor has been investigated and implemented. This thesis establishes principles of synchronous operation of the BLDC motor, develops stable operating conditions, derives the required implementation formulas and introduces some new definitions. The synchronous system follows, open loop, a speed command. The system has been provided by two input references: current and speed. The current reference throughout the operation has been kept constant at the maximum applicable continuous current to obtain maximum torque. Current regulation has been achieved by hysteresis current control. The speed reference has been varied from zero speed to the desired speed linearly. Once speed reaches to the desired speed, it is kept constant at the desired speed. Since the motor operates synchronously and no position information has been used, the motor has to follow exactly the reference speed, otherwise pull out occurs. By this implementation, three operating points of the BLDC motor with synchronous operational system has been presented. One of the three operating points at maximum speed corresponds to maximum load operation.

Guzelgunler, Yilcan

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

The LatestThe LatestThe LatestThe Latest,,,, Quick Motor EvaluationQuick Motor EvaluationQuick Motor EvaluationQuick Motor Evaluation Myway Plus Development of Specialized Equipment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The LatestThe LatestThe LatestThe Latest,,,, Quick Motor EvaluationQuick Motor EvaluationQuick Motor EvaluationQuick Motor Evaluation Myway Plus Development of Specialized Equipment Myway Plus developed a quick test/evaluation equipment for highly efficient hybrid car (HV) motor. The equipment

Kambhampati, Patanjali

347

Electric Motor Remanufacturing and Energy Savings Sahil Sahni1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electric Motor Remanufacturing and Energy Savings Sahil Sahni1 , Avid Boustani1 , Timothy Gutowski to this study. #12;Contents 1 Introduction to Electric Motors 1 1.1 Motor Classifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.2 Performance of Motors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1.3 Impact of motor

Gutowski, Timothy

348

Motor Energy Saving Opportunities in an Industrial Plant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Industrial plants have enormous energy saving opportunities with electric motors. Improving motor efficiency is a conventional wisdom to save energy. Re-engineering affords far greater savings opportunities than motor efficiency improvement. Motor energy saving techniques and basics are discussed. A case study is presented where 63% motor energy savings were realized.

Kumar, B.; Elwell, A.

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Vector Time Management Based on Topology Information for HLA/RTI  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aimed to reduce the overheads using the Time Management (TM) in HLA based distributed simulations, the TM based on publish-subscribe topology information is investigated. The condition under which the message may be received before its causal predecessor ... Keywords: Time management, Vector clock, Causal order, Topology information, Algorithms

Chunpeng Chen; Hongjin Jia

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

A time-based energy-efficient analog-to-digital converter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dual-slope converters use time to perform analog-to-digital conversion but require 2N+1 clock cycles to achieve N bits of precision. We describe a novel algorithm that also uses time to perform analog-to-digital conversion ...

Yang, Heemin Yi, 1976-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Protein turbines I: The bacterial flagellar motor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this paper the assumption only becomes valid when several stators are operating. This assumption also precludes computing motor statistics such as the first passage time distributions which provide information on the force generating mechanism (Samuel, et al., 1995). Berg and Khan formulated a model that appeared quite different from either Lager's or Berry's (Berg, et al., 1983). They postulated 'half-channels' that forced the proton to travel part way through an elastically tethered stator. When the stator fluctuated in one direction sufficiently to align with a half-channel on the rotor, the proton jumped from the rotor to the stator and held the two together until the stator's elastic tether pulled the rotor back towards the stator's rest position. Since they did not offer a specific electrostatic picture, they had to impose kinematic constraints on the directions the stator could fluctuate. In a subsequent mathematical treatment, Meister, et al. formulated the model as a discrete Markov chain and showed that it functioned as a 'thermal ratchet' analogous to Huxley's original model for the myosin head: the stators' thermal fluctuations were rectified by proton binding to the rotor which produced an elastic torque on the rotor (Huxley, 1957; Meister, et al., 1989). As in the Kleutsch-Lager model, making the stators rigid greatly reduces torque generation since it then depends on rotor fluctuations. In some respects, our fixed stator model resembles Berry's, and our moveable stator model resembles the model of Berg and Kahn. However, the resemblance is more in the motor geometry than in the mechanism of torque generation. The KleutschLa ger and Berg-Khan models derive their torque from elastic forces generated by rectifying the thermal diffusion of the stators. The re...

Timothy C. Elston; George Oster

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Abstract--There are two types of drivers in production machine systems: constant velocity (CV) motor and servo-motor.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) motor and servo-motor. If a system contains two drivers or more, among which some are of the CV motor while the other are the servo-motor, the system has the so-called hybrid driver architecture is stable. A simulation is performed to show verify the proposed controller. The CV motor has the velocity

Zhang, WJ "Chris"

353

Motor Pool Guidelines for Geosciences A completed Motor Pool Request form must be submitted to Denise for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Motor Pool Guidelines for Geosciences · A completed Motor Pool Request form must be submitted on the Geosciences website under the forms link. http://www.geo.arizona.edu/pdf/motor_pool_request.pdf · If the trip be submitted with the Motor Pool Request. · A list of passengers and drivers is for all motor pool travel (this

Holliday, Vance T.

354

Cold Atom Clock Test of Lorentz Invariance in the Matter Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on a new experiment that tests for a violation of Lorentz invariance (LI), by searching for a dependence of atomic transition frequencies on the orientation of the spin of the involved states (Hughes-Drever type experiment). The atomic frequencies are measured using a laser cooled $^{133}$Cs atomic fountain clock, operating on a particular combination of Zeeman substates. We analyze the results within the framework of the Lorentz violating standard model extension (SME), where our experiment is sensitive to a largely unexplored region of the SME parameter space, corresponding to first measurements of four proton parameters and improvements by 11 and 13 orders of magnitude on the determination of four others. In spite of the attained uncertainties, and of having extended the search into a new region of the SME, we still find no indication of LI violation.

Wolf, P; Chapelet, F; Clairon, A; Bize, Sebastien; Chapelet, Frederic; Clairon, Andre; Wolf, Peter

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Cold Atom Clock Test of Lorentz Invariance in the Matter Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on a new experiment that tests for a violation of Lorentz invariance (LI), by searching for a dependence of atomic transition frequencies on the orientation of the spin of the involved states (Hughes-Drever type experiment). The atomic frequencies are measured using a laser cooled $^{133}$Cs atomic fountain clock, operating on a particular combination of Zeeman substates. We analyze the results within the framework of the Lorentz violating standard model extension (SME), where our experiment is sensitive to a largely unexplored region of the SME parameter space, corresponding to first measurements of four proton parameters and improvements by 11 and 13 orders of magnitude on the determination of four others. In spite of the attained uncertainties, and of having extended the search into a new region of the SME, we still find no indication of LI violation.

Peter Wolf; Frederic Chapelet; Sebastien Bize; Andre Clairon

2006-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

356

An Energy-efficient Clock Synchronization Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The behavior of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) is nowadays widely analyzed. One of the most important issues is related to their energy consumption, as this has a major impact on the network lifetime. Another important application requirement is to ensure data sensing synchronization, which leads to additional energy consumption as a high number of messages is sent and received at each node. Our proposal consists in implementing a combined synchronization protocol based on the IEEE 1588 standard that was designed for wired networks and the PBS (Pairwise Broadcast Synchronization) protocol that was designed for sensor networks, as none of them is able to provide the needed synchronization accuracy for our application on its own. The main goals of our new synchronization protocol are: to ensure the accuracy of local clocks up to a tenth of a microsecond and to provide an important energy saving. Our results obtained using NS-2 (Network Simulator) show that the performance of our solution (IEEE 1588-PBS) matches...

Albu, Roxana; Thierry, Gayraud; Pascal, Berthou

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Fluctuating-friction molecular motors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. We show that the correlated stochastic fluctuation of the friction coefficient can give rise to long-range directional motion of a particle undergoing Brownian random walk in a constant periodic energy potential landscape. The occurrence of this motion requires the presence of two additional independent bodies interacting with the particle via friction and via the energy potential, respectively, which can move relative to each other. Such three-body system generalizes the classical Brownian ratchet mechanism, which requires only two interacting bodies. In particular, we describe a simple two-level model of fluctuating-friction molecular motor that can be solved analytically. In our previous work [M.K., L.M and D.P. 2000 J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 9 157] this model has been first applied to understanding the fundamental mechanism of the photoinduced reorientation of dye-doped liquid crystals. Applications of the same idea to other fields such as molecular biology and nanotechnology can however be envisioned. As an example, in this paper we work out a model of the actomyosin system based on the fluctuating-friction mechanism. PACS numbers: 05.40.+j, 42.70.Df, 87.10.+eFluctuating-friction molecular motors 2 1.

unknown authors

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Influence of direct motor-motor interaction in models for cargo transport by a single team of motors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze theoretically the effects of excluded-volume interactions between motors on the dynamics of a cargo driven by multiple motors. The model considered shares many commons with other recently proposed in the literature, with the addition of direct interaction between motors and motor back steps. The cargo is assumed to follow a continuum Langevin dynamics, while individual motors evolve following a Monte Carlo algorithm based on experimentally accessible probabilities for discrete forward and backward jumps, and attachment and detachment rates. The links between cargo and motors are considered as non linear springs. By means of numerical simulations we compute the relevant quantities characterizing the dynamical properties of the system, and we compare the results to those for non interacting motors. We find that interactions lead to quite relevant changes in the force-velocity relation for cargo, with a considerable reduction of the stall force, and cause also a notable decrease of the run length. These effects are mainly due to traffic-like phenomena in the microtubule. The consideration of several parallel tracks for motors reduces such effects. However, we find that for realistic values of the number of motors and the number of tracks, the influence of interactions on the global parameters of transport of cargo are far from being negligible. Our studies provide also an analysis of the relevance of motor back steps on the modeling, and of the influence of different assumptions for the detachment rates. In particular, we discuss these two aspects in connection with the possibility of observing processive back motion of cargo at large load forces.

Sebastian Bouzat; Fernando Falo

2010-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

359

Pulp and Paper Mills: Profiting for Efficient Motor System Use...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Motor System Use This profile discusses how energy efficienct motor systems can help pulp and paper mills save money. Pulp and Paper Mills: Profiting for Efficient Motor System Use...

360

Motor Neurons Controlling Fluid Ingestion in Drosophila melanogaster  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

coordination of rhythmic motor patterns. J Neurophysiol 90:Figure 3.5. Individual motor neurons project to eitherGraphs as in (C-D) for MN12 motor neurons. n=10-13 flies per

Manzo, Andrea

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motors time clocks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Gas Mileage of 1986 Vehicles by Vixen Motor Company  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vixen Motor Company Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1986 Vixen Motor Company 21 TD 6 cyl, 2.4 L, Manual 5-spd, Diesel Compare 1986 Vixen Motor Company 21 TD 15 City 16...

362

Gas Mileage of 1984 Vehicles by Avanti Motor Corporation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

84 Avanti Motor Corporation Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1984 Avanti Motor Corporation Avanti II 8 cyl, 5.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1984 Avanti Motor...

363

Department of Electrical Engineering Fall 2009 Electridyne Motor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PENNSTATE Department of Electrical Engineering Fall 2009 Electridyne Motor Overview Our sponsored project was to design an elecrtic motor for an urban transportation vehicle, the challenges involved included research into motor design, consideration of the materials, and the electromagnetic parameters

Demirel, Melik C.

364

Rare-Earth-Free Traction Motor: Rare Earth-Free Traction Motor for Electric Vehicle Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

REACT Project: Baldor will develop a new type of traction motor with the potential to efficiently power future generations of EVs. Unlike todayís large, bulky EV motors which use expensive, imported rare-earth-based magnets, Baldorís motor could be light, compact, contain no rare earth materials, and have the potential to deliver more torque at a substantially lower cost. Key innovations in this project include the use of a unique motor design, incorporation of an improved cooling system, and the development of advanced materials manufacturing techniques. These innovations could significantly reduce the cost of an electric motor.

None

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Oscillation control system for electric motor drive  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A feedback system for controlling mechanical oscillations in the torsionally complaint drive train of an electric or other vehicle. Motor speed is converted in a processor to estimate state signals in which a plant model which are used to electronically modify the torque commands applied to the motor. 5 figs.

Slicker, J.M.; Sereshteh, A.

1988-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

366

Oscillation control system for electric motor drive  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A feedback system for controlling mechanical oscillations in the torsionally complaint drive train of an electric or other vehicle. Motor speed is converted in a processor to estimate state signals in which a plant model which are used to electronically modify thetorque commands applied to the motor.

Slicker, James M. (Union Lake, MI); Sereshteh, Ahmad (Union Lake, MI)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Designing Alternatives to State Motor Fuel Taxes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Designing Alternatives to State Motor Fuel Taxes All states rely on gasoline taxes as one source are financed from a wide variety of sources, all states use motor fuel taxes as an important source of funds of funds for road improvement and mainte- nance. Historically, gasoline usage has been roughly proportional

Bertini, Robert L.

368

Improve Motor System Efficiency with MotorMaster+, Software Tools for Industry, Industrial Technologies Program (ITP) (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet describes how the Industrial Technologies Program MotorMaster+ software tool aids industrial plants with finding energy-efficient motor replacement options and managing motor systems.

Not Available

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Acura Acura Alfa Romeo Alfa Romeo American Motors Corporation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Alfa Romeo Alfa Romeo American Motors Corporation American Motors Corporation Aston Martin Aston Martin Audi Audi Bertone Bertone BMW BMW Buick Buick Cadillac Cadillac Chevrolet...

370

Motor System Energy Efficiency Supply Curves: A Methodology for...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Motor System Energy Efficiency Supply Curves: A Methodology for Assessing the Energy Efficiency Potential of Industrial Motor Systems Speaker(s): Ali Hasanbeigi Date: February 8,...

371

Improve Motor Operation at Off-Design Voltages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is one in a series of tip sheets to help manufacturers optimize their industrial motor and motor-driven systems.

Not Available

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Universal adaptive torque control for PM motors for field ...  

The invention includes a motor controller and method for controlling a permanent magnet motor. In accordance with one aspect of the present technique, a permanent ...

373

Motor monitoring method and apparatus using high frequency current components  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A motor current analysis method and apparatus for monitoring electrical-motor-driven devices. The method and apparatus utilize high frequency portions of the motor current spectra to evaluate the condition of the electric motor and the device driven by the electric motor. The motor current signal produced as a result of an electric motor is monitored and the low frequency components of the signal are removed by a high-pass filter. The signal is then analyzed to determine the condition of the electrical motor and the driven device.

Casada, Donald A. (Knoxville, TN)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Ameren Illinois (Electric) - Custom, HVAC, and Motor Business...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ameren Illinois (Electric) - Custom, HVAC, and Motor Business Efficiency Incentives Ameren Illinois (Electric) - Custom, HVAC, and Motor Business Efficiency Incentives < Back...

375

Vision Industries dba Vision Motor Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vision Motor Corp) Place Santa Monica, California Zip 90405 Product Santa Monica-based electric vehicle manufacturer. References Vision Industries (dba Vision Motor Corp)1...

376

BPM Motors in Residential Gas Furnaces: What are the Savings?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Brushless Permanent Magnet (BPM) motor. Blowers account forIn a BPM motor the rotor contains permanent magnets. Themotors: Permanent Split Capacitor (PSC) and Brushless Permanent Magnet (

Lutz, James; Franco, Victor; Lekov, Alex; Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Motor monitoring method and apparatus using high frequency current components  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A motor current analysis method and apparatus for monitoring electrical-motor-driven devices are disclosed. The method and apparatus utilize high frequency portions of the motor current spectra to evaluate the condition of the electric motor and the device driven by the electric motor. The motor current signal produced as a result of an electric motor is monitored and the low frequency components of the signal are removed by a high-pass filter. The signal is then analyzed to determine the condition of the electrical motor and the driven device. 16 figs.

Casada, D.A.

1996-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

378

Desenvolvimento experimental de um motor stirling tipo gama.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??O presente trabalho consiste no desenvolvimento experimental de um motor Stirling tipo gama. S„o apresentadas inicialmente as diferentes configuraÁűes deste tipo de motor (alfa, gamaÖ (more)

Vinicius Guimar„es da Cruz

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- General Motors Co - Flint...  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Motors Co - Flint - MI 07 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: GENERAL MOTORS CO. (MI.07 ) Eliminated from further consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate...

380

When Should Inverter-Duty Motors Be Specified?  

SciTech Connect

This is one in a series of tip sheets to help manufacturers optimize their industrial motor and motor-driven systems.

Not Available

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motors time clocks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Minimize Adverse Motor and Adjustable Speed Drive Interactions  

SciTech Connect

This is one in a series of tip sheets to help manufacturers optimize their industrial motor and motor-driven systems.

Not Available

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Improving Motor and Drive System Performance: A Sourcebook for Industry  

SciTech Connect

This is one in a series of sourcebooks to assist industrial personnel in understanding and optimizing motors and motor-driven systems

Not Available

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Electrostatic generator/motor configurations  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Electrostatic generators/motors designs are provided that include a stator fixedly connected to a first central support centered about a central axis. The stator elements are attached to the first central support. Similarly, a second stator is connected to a central support centered about the central axis, and the second stator has stator elements attached to the second central support. A rotor is located between the first stator and the second stator and includes an outer support, where the rotor is rotatably centered about the central axis, the rotor having elements in contact with the outer support, each rotor element having an extending rotor portion that extends radially from the outer support toward the axis of rotation.

Post, Richard Freeman

2012-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

384

The switching dynamics of the bacterial flagellar motor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many swimming bacteria are propelled by flagellar motors that stochastically switch between the clockwise and counterclockwise rotation direction. While the switching dynamics are one of the most important characteristics of flagellar motors, the mechanisms that control switching are poorly understood. We present a statistical-mechanical model of the flagellar rotary motor, which consists of a number of stator proteins that drive the rotation of a ring of rotor proteins, which in turn drives the rotation of a flagellar filament. At the heart of our model is the assumption that the rotor protein complex can exist in two conformational states corresponding to the two respective rotation directions, and that switching between these states depends on interactions with the stator proteins. This naturally couples the switching dynamics to the rotation dynamics, making the switch sensitive to torque and speed. Another key element of our model is that after a switching event, it takes time for the load to build up, due to polymorphic transitions of the filament. Our model predicts that this slow relaxation dynamics of the filament, in combination with the load dependence of the switching frequency, leads to a characteristic switching time, in agreement with recent observations.

Siebe B. van Albada; Sorin Tanase-Nicola; Pieter Rein ten Wolde

2008-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

385

Gas Mileage of 1984 Vehicles by American Motors Corporation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 American Motors Corporation Vehicles 4 American Motors Corporation Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 4 cyl, 2.5 L, Manual 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 19 City 20 Combined 22 Highway 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 4 cyl, 2.5 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 19 City 21 Combined 23 Highway 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 6 cyl, 4.2 L, Automatic 3-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 15 City 17 Combined 20 Highway 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 6 cyl, 4.2 L, Manual 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 16 City 17 Combined 20 Highway 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 6 cyl, 4.2 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline

386

Developing a Motor Management Policy at BASF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In early 1998 Thomas R. Theising, BASF Corporate Engineering initiated the formation of a motor management team. The goal of the team was to develop a Motor Management Guideline to better manage the purchase and repair of motors used throughout the company. BASF draws a 240MW electrical power load. Accepting that 70% (industry standards range from 63 to 75% for BASF's businesses) of this load was consumed by rotating equipment and assuming an average cost of$401MWh at 8400 hours of annual operation BASF spends over $56M annually to operate electric motors. A guideline to better manage the purchase and repair of these motors could reduce this operating cost by 3 to 5%, which translates to $1.7M to $2.8M annually. An estimated total cost to BASF for implementation is $200K. The development of a Motor Management Guideline required the cooperative effort of a team of individuals. This team consisted of representatives from several BASF manufacturing locations, Corporate Engineering, Corporate Purchasing and Energy Management. Also, BASF included representatives from Duke Power and from Advanced Energy (AE). Advanced Energy had previously provided motor testing services to the BASF facility in Enka, NC.

Zickefoose, B.; Theising, T. R.

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

List of Motors Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Incentives Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 371 Motors Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 371) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active AEP (Central and North) - CitySmart Program (Texas) Utility Rebate Program Texas Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Schools Boilers Central Air conditioners Chillers Comprehensive Measures/Whole Building Custom/Others pending approval Energy Mgmt. Systems/Building Controls Furnaces Heat pumps Lighting Lighting Controls/Sensors Motor VFDs Motors Roofs Windows Yes AEP (Central, North and SWEPCO) - Commercial Solutions Program (Texas) Utility Rebate Program Texas Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Schools State Government Tribal Government Boilers

388

Not a Babe in the Woods: Using MotorMaster Software to Make Sophisticated Electric Motor Purchase Decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Three-phase motors use more than half of all electricity in the United States. Energy efficient models are available in most motor classes in the 1 to 500 horsepower range, offering simple pay backs under two years. In practice, few motor buyers have performed an economic analysis, resulting in missed energy and dollar savings. MotorMaster software helps identify the best motor for a specific application. Its database of 9,000 motors includes the majority of three-phase motors sold in the United State. Performance information such as Full-Load RPM, torque and amperage rating identify models that meet specific design criteria. MotorMaster calculates operating costs and simple paybacks. This paper reviews the importance of proper electric motor selection and explains how MotorMaster software can be used to identify the most efficient, cost effective and reliable motor for each specific application.

Litman, T.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Centralized Run-Time Resource Management in a Network-on-Chip Containing Reconfigurable Hardware Tiles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Science University British Columbia Vancouver, V6T Canada {swyang,mrg}@cs.ubc.ca Abstract. This paper is abstract. Hopefully, won't abstract time submit Introduction Fig. Synchronous Pipeline Stage Surfing Figure 1 shows typical synchronous pipeline stage. For proper operation, clock period must longer than

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

390

Michigan Finished Motor Gasoline Stocks at Refineries, Bulk ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Michigan Finished Motor Gasoline Stocks at Refineries, Bulk Terminals, and Natural Gas Plants (Thousand Barrels)

391

A University of Alabama Axial-Gap Electric Motor Developmenty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­ Develop axial gap permanent-magnet electric Axial motor ­ Develop axial gap permanent-magnet electricCAVT A University of Alabama Axial-Gap Electric Motor Developmenty Research Center OBJECTIVE motor topologies with high torque and power densities MOTIVATION ­ Axial-gap ("pancake") motors have

Carver, Jeffrey C.

392

Motor transport of self-assembled cargos in crowded environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Motor transport of self-assembled cargos in crowded environments Leslie Conwaya , Derek Woodb is performed by multiple motors working in concert. However, the mechanism of motor association to cargos is unknown. It is also unknown how long individual motors stay attached, how many are active, and how

Ross, Jennifer

393

Colorado Finished Motor Gasoline Stocks at Refineries, Bulk ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Colorado Finished Motor Gasoline Stocks at Refineries, Bulk Terminals, and Natural Gas Plants (Thousand Barrels)

394

Motor Wave Group | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wave Group Jump to: navigation, search Name Motor Wave Group Place Hong Kong Sector Marine and Hydrokinetic Website http:www.motorwavegroup.com Region China LinkedIn Connections...

395

The Paris Motor Show | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Paris Motor Show Paris Motor Show The Paris Motor Show October 4, 2010 - 9:39am Addthis David Sandalow at the Paris Auto Show | DOE photo David Sandalow at the Paris Auto Show | DOE photo David Sandalow David Sandalow Former Under Secretary of Energy (Acting) and Assistant Secretary for Policy & International Affairs At the Paris Motor Show today, electric cars are everywhere. Chevrolet is showing off the Volt, its plug-in hybrid due in U.S. showrooms this December. (Motown music blared as a Chevy rep told me all about the car's performance.) Nissan is displaying the Leaf, its all-electric sedan scheduled to roll off assembly lines in Tennessee starting in 2012. Volvo has new plug-in models. So do Saab, Peugot and other European manufacturers. And as I walked through the gates in a huge crowd, the first

396

The Paris Motor Show | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Paris Motor Show The Paris Motor Show The Paris Motor Show October 4, 2010 - 9:39am Addthis David Sandalow at the Paris Auto Show | DOE photo David Sandalow at the Paris Auto Show | DOE photo David Sandalow David Sandalow Former Under Secretary of Energy (Acting) and Assistant Secretary for Policy & International Affairs At the Paris Motor Show today, electric cars are everywhere. Chevrolet is showing off the Volt, its plug-in hybrid due in U.S. showrooms this December. (Motown music blared as a Chevy rep told me all about the car's performance.) Nissan is displaying the Leaf, its all-electric sedan scheduled to roll off assembly lines in Tennessee starting in 2012. Volvo has new plug-in models. So do Saab, Peugot and other European manufacturers. And as I walked through the gates in a huge crowd, the first

397

Isolated Multiple Flux Path (IMFP) Reluctance Motors  

2 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Overview ē IMFP reluctance electric motor developed for passenger vehicle propulsion (i.e. small trucks ...

398

Modeling and optimization of permanent magnetic motors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis develops analytic models for the prediction and optimization of radial-flux permanent magnet motor torque and efficiency. It also facilitates the design optimization of electromagnetically-powered rotorcraft ...

Pinkham, Andrew P

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Development of a gross motor task to assess motor planning of children with autism spectrum disorders.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Motor planning was assessed by performance of 10 male children (age range 9-12 years) with ASD on a simple obstacle course of horizontal barriers. TheÖ (more)

Staples, Kerri.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Low Motor Assessment: A Comparative Pilot Study with Young Children With and Without Motor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

# The Author(s) 2009. This article is published with open access at Springerlink.com Abstract Most of the developmental instruments that measure cognitive development in children rely heavily on fine motor skills, especially for young children whose language skills are not yet well developed. This is problematic when evaluating the cognitive development of young children with motor impairment. The purpose of this study is to assess the need for a Low Motor adapation of a standardized instrument when testing children with motor impairment. To accomplish this, we have adapted the procedures, item instructions and play material of a widely used and standardized instrument, the Bayley Scales of Infant Development-Second Edition (BSID-II, Bayley 1993). The Original and the Low Motor versions were administered to 20 children experiencing typical development and 19 children with motor impairment within a period of two weeks. Results showed that children with motor impairments scored significantly higher on the Low Motor version of the Bayley Mental Scale than on the Original version: a difference of between 5 and 10 points when the score is expressed in terms of a developmental index score. Results from children with typical development support the assumption that item content and difficulty remain unchanged in the Low Motor version.

J Dev Phys Disabil; Selma Anne; Josť Ruiter; Han Nakken; Bieuwe F. Van Der Meulen; Carolien B. Lunenborg

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motors time clocks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

DC Motor control using motor-generator set with controlled generator field  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A d.c. generator is connected in series opposed to the polarity of a d.c. power source supplying a d.c. drive motor. The generator is part of a motor-generator set, the motor of which is supplied from the power source connected to the motor. A generator field control means varies the field produced by at least one of the generator windings in order to change the effective voltage output. When the generator voltage is exactly equal to the d.c. voltage supply, no voltage is applied across the drive motor. As the field of the generator is reduced, the drive motor is supplied greater voltage until the full voltage of the d.c. power source is supplied when the generator has zero field applied. Additional voltage may be applied across the drive motor by reversing and increasing the reversed field on the generator. The drive motor may be reversed in direction from standstill by increasing the generator field so that a reverse voltage is applied across the d.c. motor.

Belsterling, Charles A. (Norristown, PA); Stone, John (Medford, NJ)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Fluctuating-friction molecular motors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that the correlated stochastic fluctuation of the friction coefficient can give rise to long-range directional motion of a particle undergoing Brownian random walk in a constant periodic energy potential landscape. The occurrence of this motion requires the presence of two additional independent bodies interacting with the particle via friction and via the energy potential, respectively, which can move relative to each other. Such three-body system generalizes the classical Brownian ratchet mechanism, which requires only two interacting bodies. In particular, we describe a simple two-level model of fluctuating-friction molecular motor that can be solved analytically. In our previous work [M.K., L.M and D.P. 2000 J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. vol. 9, 157] this model has been first applied to understanding the fundamental mechanism of the photoinduced reorientation of dye-doped liquid crystals. Applications of the same idea to other fields such as molecular biology and nanotechnology can however be envisioned. As an example, in this paper we work out a model of the actomyosin system based on the fluctuating-friction mechanism.

Lorenzo Marrucci; Domenico Paparo; Markus Kreuzer

2001-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

403

Trapped field internal dipole superconducting motor generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A motor generator including a high temperature superconductor rotor and an internally disposed coil assembly. The motor generator superconductor rotor is constructed of a plurality of superconductor elements magnetized to produce a dipole field. The coil assembly can be either a conventional conductor or a high temperature superconductor. The superconductor rotor elements include a magnetization direction and c-axis for the crystals of the elements and which is oriented along the magnetization direction.

Hull, John R. (Downers Grove, IL)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

ac-driven atomic quantum motor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We invent an ac-driven quantum motor consisting of two different, interacting ultracold atoms placed into a ring-shaped optical lattice and submerged in a pulsating magnetic field. While the first atom carries a current, the second one serves as a quantum starter. For fixed zero-momentum initial conditions the asymptotic carrier velocity converges to a unique non-zero value. We also demonstrate that this quantum motor performs work against a constant load.

A. V. Ponomarev; S. Denisov; P. Hanggi

2009-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

405

ac-driven atomic quantum motor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We invent an ac-driven quantum motor consisting of two different, interacting ultracold atoms placed into a ring-shaped optical lattice and submerged in a pulsating magnetic field. While the first atom carries a current, the second one serves as a quantum starter. For fixed zero-momentum initial conditions the asymptotic carrier velocity converges to a unique non-zero value. We also demonstrate that this quantum motor performs work against a constant load.

Ponomarev, A V; Hšnggi, P

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Motor Carrier Fuel Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Motor Fuel Motor Carrier Fuel Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Motor Carrier Fuel Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Motor Carrier Fuel Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Motor Carrier Fuel Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Motor Carrier Fuel Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Motor Carrier Fuel Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Motor Carrier Fuel Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel Motor Carrier Fuel Tax Effective January 1, 2014, a person who operates a commercial motor vehicle

407

Halbach array DC motor/generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A new configuration of DC motor/generator is based on a Halbach array of permanent magnets. This motor does not use ferrous materials so that the only losses are winding losses and losses due to bearings and windage. An "inside-out" design is used as compared to a conventional motor/generator design. The rotating portion, i.e., the rotor, is on the outside of the machine. The stationary portion, i.e., the stator, is formed by the inside of the machine. The rotor contains an array of permanent magnets that provide a uniform field. The windings of the motor are placed in or on the stator. The stator windings are then "switched" or "commutated" to provide a DC motor/generator much the same as in a conventional DC motor. The commutation can be performed by mechanical means using brushes or by electronic means using switching circuits. The invention is useful in electric vehicles and adjustable speed DC drives.

Merritt, Bernard T. (Livermore, CA); Dreifuerst, Gary R. (Livermore, CA); Post, Richard F. (Walnut Creek, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Halbach array DC motor/generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A new configuration of DC motor/generator is based on a Halbach array of permanent magnets. This motor does not use ferrous materials so that the only losses are winding losses and losses due to bearings and windage. An ``inside-out`` design is used as compared to a conventional motor/generator design. The rotating portion, i.e., the rotor, is on the outside of the machine. The stationary portion, i.e., the stator, is formed by the inside of the machine. The rotor contains an array of permanent magnets that provide a uniform field. The windings of the motor are placed in or on the stator. The stator windings are then ``switched`` or ``commutated`` to provide a DC motor/generator much the same as in a conventional DC motor. The commutation can be performed by mechanical means using brushes or by electronic means using switching circuits. The invention is useful in electric vehicles and adjustable speed DC drives. 17 figs.

Merritt, B.T.; Dreifuerst, G.R.; Post, R.F.

1998-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

409

Motor Pool Department The Motor Pool Department is responsible for the maintenance of over 550 Georgia Tech state  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Motor Pool Department The Motor Pool Department is responsible for the maintenance of over 550 and equipment costing $3,000 or more for the Institute's vehicle fleet program. The mission of the Motor Pool form when bringing their vehicles, LSVs, golf carts or equipment to the Motor Pool for service (see

Li, Mo

410

Time Domain Stability Statistics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... NIST researchers need the best tools for identifying the type and cause of undesirable clock noise. ... For an N-point data run, N-2 for ThÍo1 vs. ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

411

Modern time keeping and relativity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... p is equal to Ĺ for a passive clock. ... 1-Reduce the line width by cooling the atoms. ... Cooled slow atoms ? Dn reduced by two orders of magnitude Spin ...

2010-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

412

Detection of Tool Flute Breakage in End Milling Using Feed-Motor Current Signatures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, an effective algorithm based on improved time-domain averaging is proposed to detect tool flute breakage during end milling using feed-motor current signatures. The algorithm proposed is demonstrated to be effective in detecting tool flute breakage in real time through a series of milling experiments, and is also demonstrated to be insensitive to the effects for transients, such as cutter runout, entry/exit cuts, and noise in the feed-motor current signals. Results indicated that the approach showed excellent potential for practical, on-line application for tool flute breakage detection during end milling.

Xiao Li

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

SIM Time and Frequency Working Group  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... National Web Clocks (outside SIM). China; Germany; Italy; Japan; Malaysia; Singapore; Taiwan. CMC Related Files. Blank CMC form (Excel File). ...

414

3M's Motor Challenge Showcase Demonstration Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In January 1994, 3M began the task of optimizing the electric motor systems at 3M Center, a 26 building, 7 million square foot corporate campus. A cross-functional, cross-company team was established which included four 3M employees representing two different departments within 3M, an engineer specializing in demand side management programs from Northern States Power Company, and a sales engineer from General Electric Supply Company. The team was later joined by an engineering specialist from Landis & Staefa, Inc., a building automation controls supplier. The team began the task of identifying the projects that could save energy and provide a reasonable return on 3M's investment on a building by building approach. As surveys were completed, proposals were prepared and presented to management requesting funding. The team continued the process of identifying projects in remaining buildings and took on the responsibility of designing, contracting and implementing projects as funding was approved for those already studied. Follow-up measurements to ascertain that the savings predicted was actually achieved are done before project close-out. This project was submitted and accepted as a Motor Challenge Showcase Demonstration Project. The Motor Challenge is a U.S. Department of Energy initiative to promote the efficient use of energy in electric motor systems. Showcase Demonstration Projects are used to exemplify the benefits that motor system optimization can provide. This Showcase Project is different from most as it emphasizes the process that was developed to carry out a project of this magnitude rather than any single specific technologies or applications. The team has completed the project at 3M Center. Measured savings are $823,000 per year. This paper will discuss the Motor Challenge Showcase Demonstration project that was completed at 3M Center, the motor systems survey methodology the team developed, analysis tools and techniques and the results that have been attained.

Schultz, S. C.

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

3M's Motor Challenge Showcase Demonstration Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In January 1994, 3M began the task of optimizing the electric motor systems at 3M Center, a 26 building, 7 million square foot corporate campus. A cross-functional, cross-company team was established which included four 3M employees representing two different departments within 3M, an engineer specializing in demand side management programs from Northern States Power Company, and a sales engineer from General Electric Supply Company. The team was later joined by an engineering specialist from Landis & Gyr, Inc., a building automation controls supplier. The team began the task of identifying the projects that could save energy and provide a reasonable return on 3M's investment on a building by building approach. As surveys were completed, proposals were prepared and presented to management requesting funding. The team continued the process of identifying projects in remaining buildings and took on the responsibility of designing, contracting and implementing projects as funding was approved for those already studied. Follow-up measurements to ascertain that the savings predicted was actually achieved are done before project close-out. This project was submitted and has been accepted as a Motor Challenge Showcase Demonstration Project. The Motor Challenge is a U. S. Department of Energy initiative to promote the efficient use of energy in electric motor systems. Showcase Demonstration Projects are used to exemplify the benefits that motor system optimization can provide. This Showcase Project is different from most as it emphasizes the process that was developed to carry out a project of this magnitude rather than any single specific technologies or applications. The team has nearly completed the studies at 3M Center and is well into the implementation phase with six buildings being complete. Savings identified to date are approximately $810,000 per year. This paper will discuss the Motor Challenge Showcase Demonstration project currently underway at 3M Center, the motor systems survey methodology the team developed, analysis tools and techniques and the results that have been attained.

Schultz, S. C.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Effect of microtubule-associated protein tau in dynamics of single-headed motor proteins KIF1A  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Intracellular transport based on molecular motors and its regulation are crucial to the functioning of cells. Filamentary tracks of the cells are abundantly decorated with non-motile microtubule-associated proteins, such as tau. Motivated by experiments on kinesin-tau interactions [Dixit et al. Science 319, 1086 (2008)] we developed a stochastic model of interacting single-headed motor proteins KIF1A that also takes into account the interactions between motor proteins and tau molecules. Our model reproduce experimental observations and predicts significant effects of tau on bound time and run length which suggest an important role of tau in regulation of kinesin-based transport.

J. Sparacino; M. G. FarŪas; P. W. Lamberti

2013-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

417

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Motor Vehicle Fuel Promotion  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Natural Gas Motor Natural Gas Motor Vehicle Fuel Promotion to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Motor Vehicle Fuel Promotion on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Motor Vehicle Fuel Promotion on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Motor Vehicle Fuel Promotion on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Motor Vehicle Fuel Promotion on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Motor Vehicle Fuel Promotion on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Motor Vehicle Fuel Promotion on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas Motor Vehicle Fuel Promotion An eight member Natural Gas Fuel Board (Board) was created to advise the

418

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Cell Motor Vehicle Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Cell Motor Fuel Cell Motor Vehicle Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Cell Motor Vehicle Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Cell Motor Vehicle Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Cell Motor Vehicle Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Cell Motor Vehicle Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Cell Motor Vehicle Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Cell Motor Vehicle Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Fuel Cell Motor Vehicle Tax Credit A tax credit of up to $4,000 is available for the purchase of qualified

419

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Cell Motor Vehicle Tax Deduction  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Cell Motor Fuel Cell Motor Vehicle Tax Deduction to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Cell Motor Vehicle Tax Deduction on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Cell Motor Vehicle Tax Deduction on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Cell Motor Vehicle Tax Deduction on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Cell Motor Vehicle Tax Deduction on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Cell Motor Vehicle Tax Deduction on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Cell Motor Vehicle Tax Deduction on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Fuel Cell Motor Vehicle Tax Deduction A taxpayer is eligible for a $2,000 tax deduction for the purchase of a

420

Dual capacity compressor with reversible motor and controls arrangement therefor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hermetic reciprocating compressor such as may be used in heat pump applications is provided for dual capacity operation by providing the crankpin of the crankshaft with an eccentric ring rotatably mounted thereon, and with the end of the connecting rod opposite the piston encompassing the outer circumference of the eccentric ring, with means limiting the rotation of the eccentric ring upon the crankpin between one end point and an opposite angularly displaced end point to provide different values of eccentricity depending upon which end point the eccentric ring is rotated to upon the crankpin, and a reversible motor in the hermetic shell of the compressor for rotating the crankshaft, the motor operating in one direction effecting the angular displacement of the eccentric ring relative to the crankpin to the one end point, and in the opposite direction effecting the angular displacement of the eccentric ring relative to the crankpin to the opposite end point, this arrangement automatically giving different stroke lengths depending upon the direction of motor rotation. The mechanical structure of the arrangement may take various forms including at least one in which any impact of reversal is reduced by utilizing lubricant passages and chambers at the interface area of the crankpin and eccentric ring to provide a dashpot effect. In the main intended application of the arrangement according to the invention, that is, in a refrigerating or air conditioning system, it is desirable to insure a delay during reversal of the direction of compressor operation. A control arrangement is provided in which the control system controls the direction of motor operation in accordance with temperature conditions, the system including control means for effecting operation in a low capacity direction or alternatively in a high capacity direction in response to one set, and another set, respectively, of temperature conditions and with timer means delaying a restart of the compressor motor for at least a predetermined time in response to a condition of the control means operative to initiate a change in the operating direction of the compressor when it restarts.

Sisk, Francis J. (Washington Township, Fayette County, PA)

1980-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motors time clocks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Spindles and active vortices in a model of confined filament-motor mixtures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Robust self-organization of subcellular structures is a key principle governing the dynamics and evolution of cellular life. In fission yeast cells undergoing division, the mitotic spindle spontaneously emerges from the interaction of microtubules, motor proteins and the confining cell walls, and asters and vortices have been observed to self-assemble in quasi-two dimensional microtubule-kinesin assays. Their is no clear microscopic picture of the role of the active motors driving this pattern formation, and the relevance of continuum modeling to filament-scale structures remains uncertain. Here we present results of numerical simulations of a discrete filament-motor protein model confined to a pressurised cylindrical box. Stable spindles, nematic configurations, asters and high-density semi-asters spontaneously emerge, the latter pair having also been observed in cytosol confined within emulsion droplets. State diagrams are presented delineating each stationary state as the pressure, motor speed and motor density are varied. We further highlight a parameter regime where vortices form exhibiting collective rotation of all filaments, but have a finite life-time before contracting to a semi-aster. Quantifying the distribution of life-times suggests this contraction is a Poisson process. Equivalent systems with fixed volume exhibit persistent vortices with stochastic switching in the direction of rotation, with switching times obeying similar statistics to contraction times in pressurised systems. Furthermore, we show that increasing the detachment rate of motors from filament plus-ends can both destroy vortices and turn some asters into vortices. Based on our findings we argue the need for a deeper understanding of the microscopic activities underpinning macroscopic self-organization in active gels and urge further experiments to help bridge these lengths.

David A. Head; W. J. Briels; Gerhard Gompper

2011-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

422

Motor function in interpolar microtubules during metaphase  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze experimental observations of microtubules undergoing small fluctuations about a "balance point" when mixed in solution of two different kinesin motor proteins, KLP61F and Ncd. It has been proposed that the microtubule movement is due to stochastic variations in the densities of the two species of motor proteins. We test this hypothesis here by showing how it maps onto a one-dimensional random walk in a random environment. Our estimate of the amplitude of the fluctuations agrees with experimental observations. We point out that there is an initial transient in the position of the microtubule where it will typically move of order its own length. We compare the physics of this gliding assay to a recent theory of the role of antagonistic motors on restricting interpolar microtubule sliding of a cell's mitotic spindle during prometaphase. It is concluded that randomly positioned antagonistic motors can restrict relative movement of microtubules, however they do so imperfectly. A variation in motor concentrations is also analyzed and shown to lead to greater control of spindle length.

J. M. Deutsch; Ian P. Lewis

2013-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

423

Tecnolog√≠as del Motor  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

del Motor del Motor El Tiempo de apertura y Levantamiento de V√°lvulas Variable (VVT&L) Motor con V√°lvulas de Tiempo y Elevaci√≥n Variable Tambi√©n llamado activaci√≥n variable de v√°lvulas (AVV), elevaci√≥n variable y tiempo variable y control electr√≥nico de elevaci√≥n (VTEC¬ģ). Las v√°lvulas controlan el flujo de aire y combustible de los cilindros y los expulsa fuera de ellos. El momento y el tiempo que las v√°lvulas permanecen abiertas y c√≥mo se mueven o se elevan, ambos afectan la eficiencia del motor. Los ajustes en el tiempo y elevaci√≥n son diferentes para motores de baja y alta velocidad. De cualquier manera en los dise√Īos tradicionales se usan tiempos y elevaciones "arregladas" lo cual compromete los valores √≥ptimos entre las velocidades altas y bajas. Los sistemas VVT&L alteran el tiempo y

424

Trends in motor gasolines: 1942-1981  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Trends in motor gasolines for the years of 1942 through 1981 have been evaluated based upon data contained in surveys that have been prepared and published by the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC). These surveys have been published twice annually since 1935 describing the properties of motor gasolines from throughout the country. The surveys have been conducted in cooperation with the American Petroleum Institute (API) since 1948. Various companies from throughout the country obtain samples from retail outlets, analyze the samples by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) procedures, and report data to the Bartlesville center for compilation, tabulation, calculation, analysis and publication. A typical motor gasoline report covers 2400 samples from service stations throughout the country representing some 48 companies that manufacture and supply gasoline. The reports include trend charts, octane plots, and tables of test results from about a dozen different tests. From these data in 77 semiannual surveys, a summary report has thus been assembled that shows trends in motor gasolines throughout the entire era of winter 1942 to 1943 to the present. Trends of physical properties including octane numbers, antiknock ratings, distillation temperatures, Reid vapor pressure, sulfur and lead content are tabulated, plotted and discussed in the current report. Also included are trend effects of technological advances and the interactions of engine design, societal and political events and prices upon motor gasoline evolution during the 40 year period.

Shelton, E M; Whisman, M L; Woodward, P W

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Sequence learning in pianists and nonpianists: An fMRI study of motor expertise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

related changes in human motor function. Neurology, Meister,brief practice of a simple motor task. Cognitive Brain1996). Asymmetry in the human motor cortex and handedness.

Landau, Susan M; D'esposito, Mark

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

A Multi-Country Analysis of Lifecycle Emissions From Transportation Fuels and Motor Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from Transportation Fuels, Motor Vehicles, Transportationfrom alternative fuels for motor vehicles and electricity-Environmental Externalities of Motor-Vehicle Use in the U.

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Sub-threshold spinal cord stimulation facilitates spontaneous motor activity in spinal rats  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

facilitates spontaneous motor activity in spinal rats.facilitates spontaneous motor activity in spinal rats Paragtreadmill (electrical enabling motor control, eEmc) after a

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Emergency Department Visits by Older Adults for Motor Vehicle Collisions: A Five-Year National Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

KM, Esserman DA, et al. Motor vehicle collision-relatedVisits by Older Adults for Motor Vehicle Collisions * Denvervisits by older adults for motor vehicle collisions (MVC) in

Vogel, Jody A; Ginde, Adit A.; Lowenstein, Steven R.; Betz, Marian E.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Vital Signs: Emergency Department and Older Adult Motor Vehicle Collisions: Prevention is Paramount  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Severity of Older Adult Motor Vehicle Collisions in OrangeOlder adults opinion of and motor vehicle-related crashesó32. California Department of Motor Vehicles. Senior Driver:

Lotfipour, Shahram; Cisneros, Victor; Chakravarthy, Bharath

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Coupled simulation of an indirect field oriented controlled induction motor drive.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Conventionally, system simulations of induction motor drives use lumped parameters model of the motor. This approach assumes motor parameters to be constant during the entireÖ (more)

Legesse, Michael.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

The role of brain-derived neurotrophic factor in cortical motor learning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

organization of adult motor cortex is dependent uponorganization of primary motor cortex output to targetreorganization following motor nerve lesions. Exp Brain Res,

Von dem Bussche, Mary

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Impacts of motor vehicle operation on water quality - Clean-up Costs and Policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

preventing water pollution from motor vehicles would be muchgroundwater pollution; motor-vehicle transportation;the environmental costs of motor vehicle transportation in

Nixon, Hilary; Saphores, Jean-Daniel M

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

The Sex Chromosome Trisomy mouse model of XXY and XYY: metabolism and motor performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

synuclein shows improvement in motor function and reductionof XXY and XYY: metabolism and motor performance. Biology ofand XYY: metabolism and motor performance Xuqi Chen 1,3Ü ,

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

A MULTI-COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF LIFECYCLE EMISSIONS FROM TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND MOTOR VEHICLES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from Transportation Fuels, Motor Vehicles, Transportationfrom alternative fuels for motor vehicles and electricity-Environmental Externalities of Motor-Vehicle Use in the U.

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

How large are tax subsidies to motor-vehicle users in the US?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of this deriving from motor fuels (the oil industry) ratherincome (%) Income year 1991 a Oil industries Motor vehicleindustries Oil and motor vehicle industries combined Amount

Delucchi, Mark; Murphy, James

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

The Impact of Motor Vehicle Operation on Water Quality: A Premilinary Assessment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Institute), 1997. Used Motor Oil Collection and Recycling. Amillion gallons of used motor oil are improperly dischargedLike crude oil slicks, used motor oil can destroy aquatic

Nixon, Hillary; Saphores, Jean-Daniel

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

A MULTI-COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF LIFECYCLE EMISSIONS FROM TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND MOTOR VEHICLES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers, Paris, France,Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (2003) providesOrganization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers. Because of

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

A Multi-Country Analysis of Lifecycle Emissions From Transportation Fuels and Motor Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers, Paris, France,Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (2003) providesOrganization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers. Because of

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

The China Motor Systems Energy Conservation Program:A Major National...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

electricity use. There are large opportunities toimprove the efficiency of motor systems. Electric motors in China are approximately 2-4%less efficient on average than motors in...

440

Descriptions of Motor Vehicle Collisions by Participants in Emergency DepartmentĖBased Studies: Are They Accurate?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reports in determining motor vehicle crash characteristics.R ESEARCH Descriptions of Motor Vehicle Collisions byThe immediate aftermath of motor vehicle collisions. In:

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motors time clocks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Force-velocity relations for multiple-molecular-motor transport  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A transition rate model of cargo transport by $N$ molecular motors is proposed. Under the assumption of steady state, the force-velocity curve of multi-motor system can be derived from the force-velocity curve of single motor. Our work shows, in the case of low load, the velocity of multi-motor system can decrease or increase with increasing motor number, which is dependent on the single motor force-velocity curve. And most commonly, the velocity decreases. This gives a possible explanation to some recent

Ziqing Wang; Ming Li

2009-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

442

Timing Synchronization and Node Localization in Wireless Sensor Networks: Efficient Estimation Approaches and Performance Bounds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) consist of a large number of sensor nodes, capable of on-board sensing and data processing, that are employed to observe some phenomenon of interest. With their desirable properties of flexible deployment, resistance to harsh environment and lower implementation cost, WSNs envisage a plethora of applications in diverse areas such as industrial process control, battle- field surveillance, health monitoring, and target localization and tracking. Much of the sensing and communication paradigm in WSNs involves ensuring power efficient transmission and finding scalable algorithms that can deliver the desired performance objectives while minimizing overall energy utilization. Since power is primarily consumed in radio transmissions delivering timing information, clock synchronization represents an indispensable requirement to boost network lifetime. This dissertation focuses on deriving efficient estimators and performance bounds for the clock parameters in a classical frequentist inference approach as well as in a Bayesian estimation framework. A unified approach to the maximum likelihood (ML) estimation of clock offset is presented for different network delay distributions. This constitutes an analytical alternative to prior works which rely on a graphical maximization of the likelihood function. In order to capture the imperfections in node oscillators, which may render a time-varying nature to the clock offset, a novel Bayesian approach to the clock offset estimation is proposed by using factor graphs. Message passing using the max-product algorithm yields an exact expression for the Bayesian inference problem. This extends the current literature to cases where the clock offset is not deterministic, but is in fact a random process. A natural extension of pairwise synchronization is to develop algorithms for the more challenging case of network-wide synchronization. Assuming exponentially distributed random delays, a network-wide clock synchronization algorithm is proposed using a factor graph representation of the network. Message passing using the max- product algorithm is adopted to derive the update rules for the proposed iterative procedure. A closed form solution is obtained for each node's belief about its clock offset at each iteration. Identifying the close connections between the problems of node localization and clock synchronization, we also address in this dissertation the problem of joint estimation of an unknown node's location and clock parameters by incorporating the effect of imperfections in node oscillators. In order to alleviate the computational complexity associated with the optimal maximum a-posteriori estimator, two iterative approaches are proposed as simpler alternatives. The first approach utilizes an Expectation-Maximization (EM) based algorithm which iteratively estimates the clock parameters and the location of the unknown node. The EM algorithm is further simplified by a non-linear processing of the data to obtain a closed form solution of the location estimation problem using the least squares (LS) approach. The performance of the estimation algorithms is benchmarked by deriving the Hybrid Cramer-Rao lower bound (HCRB) on the mean square error (MSE) of the estimators. We also derive theoretical lower bounds on the MSE of an estimator in a classical frequentist inference approach as well as in a Bayesian estimation framework when the likelihood function is an arbitrary member of the exponential family. The lower bounds not only serve to compare various estimators in our work, but can also be useful in their own right in parameter estimation theory.

Ahmad, Aitzaz 1984-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Direct torque control of permanent magnet synchronous motors with non-sinusoidal back-EMF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work presents the direct torque control (DTC) techniques, implemented in four- and six-switch inverter, for brushless dc (BLDC) motors with non-sinusoidal back- EMF using two and three-phase conduction modes. First of all, the classical direct torque control of permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) with sinusoidal back-EMF is discussed in detail. Secondly, the proposed two-phase conduction mode for DTC of BLDC motors is introduced in the constant torque region. In this control scheme, only two phases conduct at any instant of time using a six-switch inverter. By properly selecting the inverter voltage space vectors of the two-phase conduction mode from a simple look-up table the desired quasi-square wave current is obtained. Therefore, it is possible to achieve DTC of a BLDC motor drive with faster torque response while the stator flux linkage amplitude is deliberately kept almost constant by ignoring the flux control in the constant torque region. Third, the avarege current controlled boost power factor correction (PFC) method is applied to the previously discussed proposed DTC of BLDC motor drive in the constant torque region. The test results verify that the proposed PFC for DTC of BLDC motor drive improves the power factor from 0.77 to about 0.9997 irrespective of the load. Fourth, the DTC technique for BLDC motor using four-switch inverter in the constant torque region is studied. For effective torque control in two phase conduction mode, a novel switching pattern incorporating the voltage vector look-up table is designed and implemented for four-switch inverter to produce the desired torque characteristics. As a result, it is possible to achieve two-phase conduction DTC of a BLDC motor drive using four-switch inverter with faster torque response due to the fact that the voltage space vectors are directly controlled.. Finally, the position sensorless direct torque and indirect flux control (DTIFC) of BLDC motor with non-sinusoidal back-EMF has been extensively investigated using three-phase conduction scheme with six-switch inverter. In this work, a novel and simple approach to achieve a low-frequency torque ripple-free direct torque control with maximum efficiency based on dq reference frame similar to permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) drives is presented.

Ozturk, Salih Baris

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Control of Surface Mounted Permanent Magnet Motors with Special Application to Fractional-Slot Motors with Concentrated Windings  

SciTech Connect

A 30 pole, 6 kW, and 6000 maximum revolutions per minute (rpm) prototype of the permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) with fractional-slot concentrated windings (FSCW) has been designed, built, and tested at the University of Wisconsin at Madison (UWM). This machine has significantly more inductance than that of regular PMSMs. The prototype was delivered in April 2006 to the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) for testing and development of a controller that will achieve maximum efficiency. In advance of the test/control development effort, ORNL has used the PMSM models developed over a number of previous studies to study how steady state performance of high inductance PMSM machines relates to control issues. This report documents the results of this research. The amount of inductance that enables the motor to achieve infinite constant power speed ratio (CPSR) is given by L{sub {infinity}} = E{sub b}/{Omega}{sub b}I{sub R}, where E{sub b} is the root-mean square (rms) magnitude of the line-to-neutral back-electromotive force (emf) at base speed, {Omega}{sub b} is the base speed in electrical radians per second, and I{sub R} is the rms current rating of the motor windings. The prototype machine that was delivered to ORNL has about 1.5 times as much inductance as a typical PMSM with distributed integral slot windings. The inventors of the FSCW method, who designed the prototype machine, remarked that they were 'too successful' in incorporating inductance into their machine and that steps would be taken to modify the design methodology to reduce the inductance to the optimum value. This study shows a significant advantage of having the higher inductance rather than the optimal value because it enables the motor to develop the required power at lower current thereby reducing motor and inverter losses and improving efficiency. The main problem found with high inductance machines driven by a conventional phase advance (CPA) method is that the motor current at high speed depends solely on machine parameters and is virtually independent of the load level and the direct current (dc) supply voltage. Thus, the motor current is virtually the same at no load as at full load resulting in poor efficiency at less than full load conditions. While an inductance higher than the value cited above is warranted, it still does not ensure that the motor current is proportional to load; consequently, the problem of low efficiency at high speed and partial load is not resolved but is only mitigated. A common definition of 'base speed' is the speed at which the voltage applied to the motor armature is equal to the magnitude of the back-emf. The results in this study indicate that the dc supply voltage should be adequate to drive rated current into the motor winding at the specified base speed. At a minimum this requires sufficient voltage to overcome not only the back-emf but also the voltage drop across the internal impedance of the machine. For a high inductance PMSM, the internal impedance at base speed can be considerable and substantial additional voltage is required to overcome the internal voltage drop. It is further shown that even more voltage than the minimum required for injecting rated current at base speed can be beneficial by allowing the required power to be developed at lower current, which reduces losses in the motor and inverter components. Further, it is shown that the current is minimized at a unique speed; consequently, there may be room for optimization if the drive spends a substantial amount of its operating life at a certain speed (for example 60 mph). In this study, fundamental frequency phasor models are developed for a synchronous PMSM and the control systems that drive them is CPA. The models were compared with detailed simulations to show their validity. The result was used to design a traction drive control system with optimized efficiency to drive the fractional-slot motor with concentrated windings. The goal is to meet or exceed the FreedomCAR inverter cost and performance targets.

McKeever, John W [ORNL; Patil, Niranjan [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Lawler, Jack [ORNL

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Control of Surface Mounted Permanent Magnet Motors with Special Application to Fractional-Slot Motors with Concentrated Windings  

SciTech Connect

A 30 pole, 6 kW, and 6000 maximum revolutions per minute (rpm) prototype of the permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) with fractional-slot concentrated windings (FSCW) has been designed, built, and tested at the University of Wisconsin at Madison (UWM). This machine has significantly more inductance than that of regular PMSMs. The prototype was delivered in April 2006 to the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) for testing and development of a controller that will achieve maximum efficiency. In advance of the test/control development effort, ORNL has used the PMSM models developed over a number of previous studies to study how steady state performance of high inductance PMSM machines relates to control issues. This report documents the results of this research. The amount of inductance that enables the motor to achieve infinite constant power speed ratio (CPSR) is given by L{sub {infinity}} = E{sub b}/{Omega}{sub b}I{sub R}, where E{sub b} is the root-mean square (rms) magnitude of the line-to-neutral back-electromotive force (emf) at base speed, {Omega}{sub b} is the base speed in electrical radians per second, and I{sub R} is the rms current rating of the motor windings. The prototype machine that was delivered to ORNL has about 1.5 times as much inductance as a typical PMSM with distributed integral slot windings. The inventors of the FSCW method, who designed the prototype machine, remarked that they were 'too successful' in incorporating inductance into their machine and that steps would be taken to modify the design methodology to reduce the inductance to the optimum value. This study shows a significant advantage of having the higher inductance rather than the optimal value because it enables the motor to develop the required power at lower current thereby reducing motor and inverter losses and improving efficiency. The main problem found with high inductance machines driven by a conventional phase advance (CPA) method is that the motor current at high speed depends solely on machine parameters and is virtually independent of the load level and the direct current (dc) supply voltage. Thus, the motor current is virtually the same at no load as at full load resulting in poor efficiency at less than full load conditions. While an inductance higher than the value cited above is warranted, it still does not ensure that the motor current is proportional to load; consequently, the problem of low efficiency at high speed and partial load is not resolved but is only mitigated. A common definition of 'base speed' is the speed at which the voltage applied to the motor armature is equal to the magnitude of the back-emf. The results in this study indicate that the dc supply voltage should be adequate to drive rated current into the motor winding at the specified base speed. At a minimum this requires sufficient voltage to overcome not only the back-emf but also the voltage drop across the internal impedance of the machine. For a high inductance PMSM, the internal impedance at base speed can be considerable and substantial additional voltage is required to overcome the internal voltage drop. It is further shown that even more voltage than the minimum required for injecting rated current at base speed can be beneficial by allowing the required power to be developed at lower current, which reduces losses in the motor and inverter components. Further, it is shown that the current is minimized at a unique speed; consequently, there may be room for optimization if the drive spends a substantial amount of its operating life at a certain speed (for example 60 mph). In this study, fundamental frequency phasor models are developed for a synchronous PMSM and the control systems that drive them is CPA. The models were compared with detailed simulations to show their validity. The result was used to design a traction drive control system with optimized efficiency to drive the fractional-slot motor with concentrated windings. The goal is to meet or exceed the FreedomCAR inverter cost and performance targets.

McKeever, John W [ORNL; Patil, Niranjan [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Lawler, Jack [ORNL

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Non-Motorized Travel Study.pub  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Motorized Travel Study: Motorized Travel Study: Identifying Factors that Influence Communities to Walk and Bike and to Examine Why, or Why Not, Travelers Walk and Bike in Their Communities Oak Ridge National Laboratory managed by UT-Battelle, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract number DE-AC05-00OR22725 Research Areas Freight Flows Passenger Flows Supply Chain Efficiency Transportation: Energy Environment Safety Security Vehicle Technologies Research Brief T he idea of livable communities suggests that people should have the option to utilize non-motorized travel (NMT), specifically walking and bicycling, to conduct their daily tasks. Forecasting personal travel by walk and bike is necessary as part of regional transportation planning, and requires fine

447

New motors solve UBD and HPHT problems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There are two particular areas where industry contractors have been pushing current downhole motor technology to the limits of its capabilities--high temperature (HPHT) and underbalanced (UBD) operations. Economic incentives for slimhole, short-radius re-entry and multilateral wells have been well established, but until recently, the options for this kind of work have been limited. The increased use of coiled tubing has introduced additional challenges for motor manufacturers, with greater emphasis on shortness for ease of rig-up and steerability. These challenges are addressed by a unique new motor that promises benefits for coiled tubing drilling, re-entry work and multilateral drilling, as well as for geothermal wells.

Stewart, D.; Susman, H. [Rotech Holdings Ltd., Aberdeen (United Kingdom)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Energy Savings of Variable Speed Motors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper investigates the energy savings available by utilizing variable speed motors on pump and fan applications. Conventional control of flow or pressure in process plants is normally accomplished by throttling the various streams with control valves. Depending on the system and the actual operating conditions, this throttling may consume a considerable amount of energy. The hydraulics of different systems are investigated to generalize high energy saving applications. Typical pump characteristics at varying speeds are investigated since most performance curves are only available at a constant speed. The various types of variable speed electric motors are discussed. However, the primary variable speed system recommended is a variable frequency speed system which utilizes standard induction motors. Specific cases of centrifugal pump applications and cooling tower fan service are presented. Turndown frequencies, stream factors, and electric rates are included in the evaluation. The energy savings of a variable speed system becomes significant when flow rates vary widely and the electrical rates are high.

Fishel, F. D.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Top 8 Things You Didn't Know About Daylight Saving Time | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Top 8 Things You Didn't Know About Daylight Saving Time Top 8 Things You Didn't Know About Daylight Saving Time Top 8 Things You Didn't Know About Daylight Saving Time October 30, 2013 - 12:36pm Addthis This Sunday, people across the country will set their clocks back an hour, marking an end to Daylight Saving Time. | Photo courtesy of iStock Photo, WoodyUpstate. This Sunday, people across the country will set their clocks back an hour, marking an end to Daylight Saving Time. | Photo courtesy of iStock Photo, WoodyUpstate. Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Looking for Energy-Saving Tips? Check out our lighting page to learn about ways to save electricity. Learn how to incorporate daylighting into your home. For more ways to save, visit Energy Saver. This article is part of the Energy.gov series highlighting the "Top

450

Nano-Hertz Gravitational Waves Searches with Interferometric Pulsar Timing Experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We estimate the sensitivity to nano-Hertz gravitational waves of pulsar timing experiments in which two highly-stable millisecond pulsars are tracked simultaneously with two neighboring radio telescopes that are referenced to the same time-keeping subsystem (i.e. "the clock"). By taking the difference of the two time-of-arrival residual data streams we can exactly cancel the clock noise in the combined data set, thereby enhancing the sensitivity to gravitational waves. We estimate that, in the band ($10^{-9} - 10^{-8}$) Hz, this "interferometric" pulsar timing technique can potentially improve the sensitivity to gravitational radiation by almost two orders of magnitude over that of single-telescopes. Interferometric pulsar timing experiments could be performed with neighboring pairs of antennas of the forthcoming large arraying projects.

Massimo Tinto

2011-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

451

Extended Constant Power Speed Range of the Brushless DC Motor Through Dual Mode Inverter Control  

SciTech Connect

The trapezoidal back electromotive force (emf) brushless direct current (dc) motor (BDCM) with surface-mounted magnets has high-power density and efficiency especially when rare-earth magnet materials are used. Traction applications, such as electric vehicles, could benefit significantly from the use of such motors. Unfortunately, a practical means for driving the motor over a constant power speed ratio (CPSR) of 5:1 or more has not yet been developed. A key feature of these motors is that they have low internal inductance. The phase advance method is effective in controlling the motor power over such a speed range, but the current at high speed may be several times greater than that required at the base speed. The increase in current during high-speed operation is due to the low motor inductance and the action of the bypass diodes of the inverter. The use of such a control would require increased current rating of the inverter semiconductors and additional cooling for the inverter, where the conduction losses increase proportionally with current, and especially for the motor, where the losses increase with the square of the current. The high current problems of phase advance can be mitigated by adding series inductance; however, this reduces power density, requires significant increase in supply voltage, and leaves the CPSR performance of the system highly sensitive to variations in the available voltage. A new inverter topology and control scheme has been developed that can drive low-inductance BDCMs over the CPSR that would be required in electric vehicle applications. This new controller is called the dual-mode inverter control (DMIC). It is shown that the BDCM has an infinite CPSR when it is driven by the DMIC.

Lawler, J.S.

2000-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

452

Soft-commutated direct current motor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and circuit is disclosed for soft-commutation of a direct current (DC) motor. An attenuation circuit is connected through auxiliary brushes A, A', B and B' to the commutator (16) to drain circuit from successive armature coils (15) before the main brushes (27, 28) disconnects from each of the coils (15). This prevents the spark generation that normally occurs in conventional DC motors. The attenuation circuit may also be connected before energization of the coil (15) for a soft turning on operation.

Hsu, John S. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Motor Gasoline Market Model documentation report  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to define the objectives of the Motor Gasoline Market Model (MGMM), describe its basic approach and to provide detail on model functions. This report is intended as a reference document for model analysts, users, and the general public. The MGMM performs a short-term (6- to 9-month) forecast of demand and price for motor gasoline in the US market; it also calculates end of month stock levels. The model is used to analyze certain market behavior assumptions or shocks and to determine the effect on market price, demand and stock level.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Simulating permanent magnet brushless motors in DYMOLA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multi-domain dynamic simulation is becoming an issue in the design of high performance mechatronic systems, where advances are foreseen only if the mutual interaction of different parts of the system is well understood. The modelling environment provided by DYMOLA with Modelica language proved to be ideal for studying the mutual effects of mechanics, elec- tronics and control in a brushless motor, whose model has been conceived as one of the building blocks of a wider project, aimed at simulating a complete machining centre. Details on the model of the brushless motor as well as on its simulation are given in the present pa- per.

G. Ferretti; G. Magnani; P. Rocco; L. Bonometti; M. Maraglino

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Advanced motor driven clamped borehole seismic receiver  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A borehole seismic tool is described including a borehole clamp which only moves perpendicular to the borehole. The clamp is driven by an electric motor, via a right angle drive. When used as a seismic receiver, the tool has a three part housing, two of which are hermetically sealed. Accelerometers or geophones are mounted in one hermetically sealed part, the electric motor in the other hermetically sealed part, and the clamp and right angle drive in the third part. Preferably the tool includes cable connectors at both ends. Optionally a shear plate can be added to the clamp to extend the range of the tool.

Engler, B.P.; Sleefe, G.E.; Striker, R.P.

1993-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

456

Soft-commutated direct current motor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and circuit is disclosed for soft-commutation of a direct current (DC) motor. An attenuation circuit is connected through auxiliary brushes A, A[prime], B and B[prime] to the commutator (16) to drain circuit from successive armature coils (15) before the main brushes (27, 28) disconnects from each of the coils (15). This prevents the spark generation that normally occurs in conventional DC motors. The attenuation circuit may also be connected before energization of the coil (15) for a soft turning on operation. 13 figs.

Hsu, J.S.

1999-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

457

Method and apparatus for sensorless operation of brushless permanent magnet motors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A sensorless method and apparatus for providing commutation timing signals for a brushless permanent magnet motor extracts the third harmonic back-emf of a three-phase stator winding and independently cyclically integrates the positive and negative half-cycles thereof and compares the results to a reference level associated with a desired commutation angle.

Sriram, Tillasthanam V. (Carmel, IN)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Method and apparatus for sensorless operation of brushless permanent magnet motors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A sensorless method and apparatus for providing commutation timing signals for a brushless permanent magnet motor extracts the third harmonic back-emf of a three-phase stator winding and independently cyclically integrates the positive and negative half-cycles thereof and compares the results to a reference level associated with a desired commutation angle. 23 figs.

Sriram, T.V.

1998-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

459

Modeling Reluctance-Assisted PM Motors  

SciTech Connect

This report contains a derivation of the fundamental equations used to calculate the base speed, torque delivery, and power output of a reluctance-assisted PM motor which has a saliency ratio greater than 1 as a function of its terminal voltage, current, voltage-phase angle, and current-phase angle. The equations are applied to model Motor X using symbolically-oriented methods with the computer tool Mathematica to determine: (1) the values of current-phase angle and voltage-phase angle that are uniquely determined once a base speed has been selected; (2) the attainable current in the voltage-limited region above base speed as a function of terminal voltage, speed, and current-phase angle; (3) the attainable current in the voltage-limited region above base speed as a function of terminal voltage, speed, and voltage-phase angle; (4) the maximum-power output in the voltage-limited region above base speed as a function of speed; (5) the optimal voltage-phase angle in the voltage-limited region above base speed required to obtain maximum-power output; (6) the maximum-power speed curve which was linear from rest to base speed in the current limited region below base speed; (7) the current angle as a function of saliency ratio in the current-limited region below base speed; and (8) the torque as a function of saliency ratio which is almost linear in the current-limited region below base speed. The equations were applied to model Motor X using numerically-oriented methods with the computer tool LabVIEW. The equations were solved iteratively to find optimal current and voltage angles that yield maximum power and maximum efficiency from rest through the current-limited region to base speed and then through the voltage-limited region to high-rotational speeds. Currents, voltages, and reluctance factors were all calculated and external loops were employed to perform additional optimization with respect to PM pitch angle (magnet fraction) and with respect to magnet strength. The conclusion was that the optimal-magnet fraction for Motor X is 0.72 which corresponds to a PM pitch angle of 130{sup o}, a value close to the maximum-saliency ratio in a plot of saliency ratio versus PM pitch angle. Further, the strength of Motor X magnets may be lowered to 80% of full strength without significantly impacting motor performance for PM pitch angles between the peak saliency (130{sup o}) and peak-characteristic current (160{sup o}). It is recommended that future research involve maximizing a driving-cycle-weighted efficiency based on the Federal Urban Driving Cycle and the Federal Highway Driving Cycle as criteria for selecting the final optimal-PM fraction and magnet strength for this inset PM motor. Results of this study indicate that the reduction in PM torque due to reduced-magnet fraction will be more than compensated by the reluctance torque resulting from the higher saliency ratio. It seems likely that the best overall performance will require saliency; consequently, we think the best motor will be a reluctance-assisted PM motor. This should be explored for use with other types of PM motors, such as fractional-slot motors with concentrated windings.

Otaduy, P.J.

2006-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

460

Combustion Tests of Rocket Motor Washout Material: Focus on Air toxics Formation Potential and Asbestos Remediation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this investigation is to determine the suitability of cofiring as a recycle / reuse option to landfill disposal for solid rocket motor washout residue. Solid rocket motor washout residue (roughly 55% aluminum powder, 40% polybutadiene rubber binder, 5% residual ammonium perchlorate, and 0.2-1% asbestos) has been fired in Sandia's MultiFuel Combustor (MFC). The MFC is a down-fired combustor with electrically heated walls, capable of simulating a wide range of fuel residence times and stoichiometries. This study reports on the fate of AP-based chlorine and asbestos from the residue following combustion.

G. C. Sclippa; L. L. Baxter; S. G. Buckley

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motors time clocks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Organization of the circadian clock and control of rhythmicity in fungi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Circadian rhythms in biological processes occur in a wide range of organisms and are generated by endogenous oscillators. In Neurospora crassa, the FRQ-oscillator (comprised of FRQ, WC-1 and WC-2) is essential for rhythms in asexual sporulation and gene expression. How this oscillator signals to the cell to control rhythmicity is unknown. Furthermore, under certain growth conditions, rhythms are observed in FRQ-null strains, indicating the presence of one or more FRQ-less oscillators (FLOs). Interestingly, while circadian rhythms are observed in the related Aspergillus spp., they lack the frq gene, leading to the hypothesis that a FLO is responsible for rhythms in Aspergillus. Thus, Aspergillus provides a useful organism to investigate the components of the FLO. To investigate how an oscillator controls circadian output, we characterized the role of N. crassa NRC-2. The nrc-2 gene is under control of the clock and encodes a putative serine-threonine protein kinase. In a NRC-2-null strain cultured in low glucose conditions, FRQ-oscillator-dependent outputs are arrhythmic, but are rhythmic in high glucose. Our data suggests a model whereby NRC-2 relays metabolic information to the FRQ-oscillator to control rhythmic output. To understand the role of FLO(s) in the N. crassa circadian system, we examined regulation of the ccg-16 gene. We show that ccg-16 transcript rhythmicity is FRQ-independent, but WC-1-dependent. Furthermore, in contrast to current models for the FRQ-oscillator, we observed that rhythms in WC-1 protein accumulation persist in the absence of FRQ. These data support a new model involving two oscillators that are coupled through the WC-1 protein and that regulate different outputs. One approach to identify components of the FLO involved characterizing circadian rhythms in Aspergillus spp, which lacks FRQ. We find that A. flavus and A. nidulans, display circadian rhythms in sporulation and gene expression, respectively. Together, these findings provide a foundation for the identification of FLO components in both Aspergillus and N. crassa, that will ultimately lead to an understanding of how a multi-oscillator system can generate and coordinate circadian rhythmicity.

Greene, Andrew Vanderford

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Secrets of the Motor That Drives Archaea Revealed  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Secrets of the Motor That Drives Archaea Revealed Secrets of the Motor That Drives Archaea Revealed Print Thursday, 14 February 2013 00:00 An international team led by John Tainer...

463

Extended core for motor/generator - Energy Innovation Portal  

An extended stator core in a motor/generator can be utilized to mitigate losses in end regions of the core and a frame of the motor/generator. To mitigate the losses ...

464

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #443: November 13, 2006 Motor...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3: November 13, 2006 Motor Vehicle Trade between the U.S. and China to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact 443: November 13, 2006 Motor Vehicle Trade between...

465

Minimum Efficiency Standards for Electric Motors | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Minimum Efficiency Standards for Electric Motors Minimum Efficiency Standards for Electric Motors Minimum Efficiency Standards for Electric Motors October 7, 2013 - 11:28am Addthis Section 313 of the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007 raised Federal minimum efficiency standards for general-purpose, single-speed, polyphase induction motors of 1 to 500 horsepower (hp). This new standard took effect in December 2010. The new minimum efficiency levels match FEMP's performance requirement for these motors. As a result of this increase in mandatory minimum standards and combined with the lack of significant availability of motors exceeding these standards, FEMP is suspending the purchasing specification for electric motors. Federal buyers may select for purchase any motor that meets design requirements.

466

Transient Peak Currents in Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transient Peak Currents in Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors for Symmetrical Short Circuits Terms-- Permanent magnet synchronous motor, short circuit, protection measure, transient behavior I 33095 Paderborn, Germany Abstract--To enable constant-power areas with permanent magnet synchronous

Noé, Reinhold

467

Halbach array DC motor/generator - Energy Innovation Portal  

A new configuration of DC motor/generator is based on a Halbach array of permanent magnets. This motor does not use ferrous materials so that the only losses are ...

468

Modeling and characterization of a voice coil motor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes the development of a voice-coil motor that will allow viscous fluids to be delivered via a portable needle-free injection device. The chosen motor design features opposing magnets whose flux is channeled ...

Brown, Ashley (Ashley A.)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

9.373 Somatosensory and Motor Systems, Spring 2002  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

General principles of motor control in biological systems. Structure and function of sensory receptors. Muscle structure and reflex arcs. Spinal cord. Locomotion. Oculomotor control. Cerebellar structure and function. Motor ...

Bizzi, Emilio

470

Li ion Motors Corp formerly EV Innovations Inc | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon Li ion Motors Corp formerly EV Innovations Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Li-ion Motors Corp (formerly EV...

471

Parameter estimation of permanent magnet stepper motors without position or velocity sensors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Parameter estimation of permanent magnet stepper motors without position or velocity sensors Romain identification method for permanent magnet stepper motors. Current sensors are assumed available, but position magnet stepper motors, syn- chronous motors, sensorless systems, parameter identification, elimination

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

472

EERE-2010-BT-STD-0027 Ex Parte Letter NEMA Motor Training re...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0-BT-STD-0027 Ex Parte Letter NEMA Motor Training re DOE Motors Rule 15 July 2013. EERE-2010-BT-STD-0027 Ex Parte Letter NEMA Motor Training re DOE Motors Rule 15 July 2013. This...

473

Do Motor-Vehicle Users in the US Pay Their Way?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the sales taxes paid on motor-vehicles, gasoline and motor-as gasoline excise taxes, road tolls, and motor-vehiclegasoline tax (e.g. , Parry and Small, 2005), the incidence of federal and state motor-

Delucchi, Mark

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Method and apparatus for pulse width modulation control of an AC induction motor  

SciTech Connect

An inverter is connected between a source of DC power and a three-phase AC induction motor, and a micro-processor-based circuit controls the inverter using pulse width modulation techniques. In the disclosed method of pulse width modulation, both edges of each pulse of a carrier pulse train are equally modulated by a time proportional to sin .THETA., where .THETA. is the angular displacement of the pulse center at the motor stator frequency from a fixed reference point on the carrier waveform. The carrier waveform frequency is a multiple of the motor stator frequency. The modulated pulse train is then applied to each of the motor phase inputs with respective phase shifts of 120.degree. at the stator frequency. Switching control commands of electronic switches in the inverter are stored in a random access memory (RAM) and the locations of the RAM are successively read out in a cyclic manner, each bit of a given RAM location controlling a respective phase input of the motor. The DC power source preferably comprises rechargeable batteries and all but one of the electronic switches in the inverter can be disabled, the remaining electronic switch being part of a "flyback" DC-DC converter circuit for recharging the battery.

Geppert, Steven (Bloomfield Hills, MI); Slicker, James M. (Union Lake, MI)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Extended cage adjustable speed electric motors and drive packages  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The rotor cage of a motor is extended, a second stator is coupled to this extended rotor cage, and the windings have the same number of poles. The motor torque and speed can be controlled by either injecting energy into or extracting energy out from the rotor cage. The motor produces less harmonics than existing doubly-fed motors. Consequently, a new type of low cost, high efficiency drive is produced.

Hsu, John S. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Motor Gasoline Market Spring 2007 and Implications for Spring...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

...2 2. Weekly Total Motor Gasoline Inventories and Gasoline-Crude Oil Price Spread ...4 3. Gasoline Product Supplied...

477

Program to develop improved downhole drilling motors. Semiannual report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The following are described: the history of turbodrill development, positive displacement motor development, the theory of turbodrills, the theory of positive displacement motors, basic motor components, forces on thrust bearings, thrust bearing design, radial bearing design, rotary seal design, sealed lubrication system, lubricants, and project status. Included in appendices are materials on high-temperature lubricants and a progress report on the design of downhole motor seal, bearing, and lubrication test systems. (MHR)

Maurer, W.C.

1976-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Electrical Motor Drive Apparatus and Method - Energy Innovation Portal  

Vehicles and Fuels Industrial Technologies Electrical ... Auto manufacturers ; Industrial motor drive manufacturers; Patents and Patent Applications. ID Number.

479

Magnetic tweezers to studyMagnetic tweezers to studyMagnetic tweezers to studyMagnetic tweezers to study DNA motorsDNA motorsDNA motorsDNA motors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magnetic tweezers to studyMagnetic tweezers to studyMagnetic tweezers to studyMagnetic tweezers to study DNA motorsDNA motorsDNA motorsDNA motors MariaMariaMariaMaria Ma√ĪosasMa√ĪosasMa√ĪosasMa√Īosas RitortCroquetteCroquetteCroquette----BensimonBensimonBensimonBensimon lablablablab ENS FranceENS FranceENS FranceENS France #12;¬∑ Introduction to MT (magnetic tweezers

Ritort, Felix

480

Extended cage adjustable speed electric motors and drive packages  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The rotor cage of a motor is extended, a second stator is coupled to this extended rotor cage, and the windings have the same number of poles. The motor torque and speed can be controlled by either injecting energy into or extracting energy out from the rotor cage. The motor produces less harmonics than existing doubly-fed motors. Consequently, a new type of low cost, high efficiency drive is produced. 12 figs.

Hsu, J.S.

1999-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motors time clocks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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481

Premature ignition of a rocket motor.  

SciTech Connect

During preparation for a rocket sled track (RST) event, there was an unexpected ignition of the zuni rocket motor (10/9/08). Three Sandia staff and a contractor were involved in the accident; the contractor was seriously injured and made full recovery. The data recorder battery energized the low energy initiator in the rocket.

Moore, Darlene Ruth

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Price of Motor Gasoline Through Retail Outlets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Prices, Sales Volumes & Stocks by State Prices, Sales Volumes & Stocks by State (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Data Series: Retail Price - Motor Gasoline Retail Price - Regular Gasoline Retail Price - Midgrade Gasoline Retail Price - Premium Gasoline Retail Price - Aviation Gasoline Retail Price - Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Retail Price - Propane Retail Price - Kerosene Retail Price - No. 1 Distillate Retail Price - No. 2 Distillate Retail Price - No. 2 Fuel Oil Retail Price - No. 2 Diesel Fuel Retail Price - No. 4 Fuel Oil Prime Supplier Sales - Motor Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Regular Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Midgrade Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Premium Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Aviation Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Prime Supplier Sales - Propane (Consumer Grade) Prime Supplier Sales - Kerosene Prime Supplier Sales - No. 1 Distillate Prime Supplier Sales - No. 2 Distillate Prime Supplier Sales - No. 2 Fuel Oil Prime Supplier Sales - No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prime Supplier Sales - No. 4 Fuel Oil Prime Supplier Sales - Residual Fuel Oil Stocks - Finished Motor Gasoline Stocks - Reformulated Gasoline Stocks - Conventional Gasoline Stocks - Motor Gasoline Blending Components Stocks - Kerosene Stocks - Distillate Fuel Oil Stocks - Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and under Sulfur Stocks - Distillate F.O., Greater than 15 to 500 ppm Sulfur Stocks - Distillate F.O., Greater 500 ppm Sulfur Stocks - Residual Fuel Oil Stocks - Propane/Propylene Period: Monthly Annual

483

Physical context management for a motor vehicle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Computer software for and a method of enhancing safety for an operator of a motor vehicle comprising employing a plurality of sensors of vehicle and operator conditions, matching collective output from the sensors against a plurality of known dangerous conditions, and preventing certain activity of the operator if a known dangerous condition is detected.

Dixon, Kevin R. (Albuquerque, NM); Forsythe, James C. (Sandia Park, NM); Lippitt, Carl E. (Albuquerque, NM); Lippitt, legal representative, Lois Diane (Albuquerque, NM)

2009-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

484

Lithographically Patterned Channels Spatially Segregate Kinesin Motor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to orient microtubules traveling over kinesin-coated surfaces properly. Toward this goal, we have used be developed to orient microtubules and to direct the motion of microtubules along motor-coated surfaces long. Kinesins bind to microtubules and use the energy of ATP hydrolysis to walk unidirectionally along

Hancock, William O.

485

Voltage unbalance effects on induction motor performance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The reliability of electric drives and driven motors depends on the quality of the power supply voltage especially in the critical industrial process. In this work, a theoretical study of the effects of voltage unbalances, sags and swells on induction ... Keywords: efficiency, power losses and derating factor, sags, symmetrical components, voltage unbalance

L. Refoufi; H. Bentarzi; F. Z. Dekhandji

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Converter-fed subsea motor drives  

SciTech Connect

A subsea adjustable-speed motor fed via a long cable in range of several tens of kilometers between the converter and the motor are analyzed by simulations. Due to resonance, one critical frequency range occurs where significant generation of harmonics from the inverter should be avoided. A voltage source inverter is more feasible than a current source inverter since it is easier to modify the output waveform in order to avoid resonance problems. The resistive voltage drop in the long cable reduces the air-gap torque of the motor particular at low frequencies. This causes a problem for the start-up of the motor due to stiction torque. A start-up strategy is envisaged which is a compromise between voltage boost, inverter current, and transformer core dimensions. In normal operation mode the inverter voltage is proportional to the frequency. An open speed lop is used which keeps the system stable for potential load variations. The results from a 1-MW full-scale system test are summarized.

Raad, R.O.; Raphael, H.B. [Statoil, Stavanger (Norway); Henriksen, T. [Norwegian Electric Power Research Inst., Trondheim (Norway); Hadler-Jacobsen, A. [Framo Engineering AS, Nesttun (Norway)

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Efficient Motor System Tools Sponsored by the DOE Motor Challenge Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Department of Energy's (DOE) Motor Challenge program is an industry/government collaborative that is working to increase the market penetration of efficient motor-driven systems. In support of the program's Showcase Demonstrations, a variety of tools, protocols and databases are being developed. These tools will aid industry in the design, implementation, procurement, and validation of the benefits of energy efficient motor-driven systems. DOE's goal is to provide value-added products to industry to facilitate the decision-making process in maintaining and upgrading motor-driven systems and components. Tools will focus not only on energy factors, but also on productivity, reliability, and capital cost reduction. The tools will be flexible enough to be useful and user-friendly to all potential industrial end-users. It is important that the tools complement rather than compete with currently available software products. To facilitate concurrent development and future improvements, the software tools will consist of modular components.

Blazewicz, S.; McCoy, G. A.; Olszewski, M.; Scheihing, P.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Car Based Transport and Transit Oriented Metropolitan óó Chinese Urban Motorization Pathways  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reprocessing of used motor oil are a serious environmentalcan be traced to motor fuels and the oils and salts that

Ximing, Lu

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Gas Mileage of 1993 Vehicles by J.K. Motors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 J.K. Motors Vehicles 3 J.K. Motors Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1993 J.K. Motors 190E 2.3 MERC BENZ 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1993 J.K. Motors 190E 2.3 MERC BENZ 16 City 17 Combined 18 Highway 1993 J.K. Motors 230E MERC BENZ 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1993 J.K. Motors 230E MERC BENZ 16 City 17 Combined 18 Highway 1993 J.K. Motors 300SL 6 cyl, 3.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1993 J.K. Motors 300SL 14 City 15 Combined 16 Highway 1993 J.K. Motors BMW535I 6 cyl, 3.4 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1993 J.K. Motors BMW535I 12 City 14 Combined 18 Highway 1993 J.K. Motors BMW635CSI 6 cyl, 3.4 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1993 J.K. Motors BMW635CSI 12 City 14 Combined 18

490

Demodulation circuit for AC motor current spectral analysis  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A motor current analysis method for the remote, noninvasive inspection of electric motor-operated systems. Synchronous amplitude demodulation and phase demodulation circuits are used singly and in combination along with a frequency analyzer to produce improved spectral analysis of load-induced frequencies present in the electric current flowing in a motor-driven system.

Hendrix, Donald E. (Oak Ridge, TN); Smith, Stephen F. (Knoxville, TN)

1990-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

491

Motor voltage high harmonics influence to efficient energy usage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Analysis of the effect of non-sinusoidal voltages on the three-phase induction motor is presented in the paper. When the induction motors are supplied by a rectangular shape of the voltage inverter with high levels of harmonic voltage (Uh,i ... Keywords: energy efficiency, harmonics, induction motor, non-sinusoidal voltage, power losses

Miloje M. Kostic; Branka B. Kostic

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

SUPER HIGH-SPEED MINIATURIZED PERMANENT MAGNET SYNCHRONOUS MOTOR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SUPER HIGH-SPEED MINIATURIZED PERMANENT MAGNET SYNCHRONOUS MOTOR by LIPING ZHENG B.S. Shanghai with the design of permanent magnet synchronous motors (PMSM) to operate at super-high speed with high efficiency the motor to have an efficiency reaching above 92%. This achieved efficiency indicated a significant

Wu, Shin-Tson

493

Fuzzy Estimation of DC Motor Winding Currents Innovatia Software  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in motion, keeping 90 ahead of the rotor ¬įux. The sta- permanent magnet synchronous motors. It is shown tor. The electrical windings of permanent magnet syn- The motor's winding currents are generally shaped chronous ¬įuxes are experimental data from a motor and ¬Įne-tune the aligned, the magnetic ¬Įelds are in equilibrium

Simon, Dan

494

Ironless Permanent Magnet Motors: Three-Dimensional Analytical Calculation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Ironless Permanent Magnet Motors: Three-Dimensional Analytical Calculation Romain Ravaud, Guy and the rotor of an ironless permanent magnet motor. The calculations are carried out without using any, torque, magnetic field, PM Synchronous motors ! 1 INTRODUCTION IRONLESS electrical machines are generally

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

495

Modeling of PM Synchronous Motors for Control and Estimation Tasks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

magnet synchronous motors in stationary frame. The model is based on linear magnetics and includes that illustrate uses of di erent models are also presented. 1 Introduction Permanent magnet synchronous motors magnet- ics for saturation e ects on motor inductances, see for example 3 ; symmetry of the stator phases

Stankoviæ, Aleksandar

496

EE443L Lab 2: Modeling a DC Motor Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: In this lab we will develop and validate a basic model of a permanent magnet DC motor (Yaskawa Electric MINI'll discuss a permanent magnet DC motor whose stator consists of a permanent magnet. In this case, we can take in the empty blocks. Figure 2: A block diagram of a permanent magnet DC motor. Prelab Questions: 1) From your

Wedeward, Kevin

497

Molecular motors interacting with their own tracks Max N. Artyomov  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Molecular motors interacting with their own tracks Max N. Artyomov Department of Chemistry; published 17 April 2008 Dynamics of molecular motors that move along linear lattices and interact with them exactly solvable discrete-state "burnt- bridge" models. Molecular motors are viewed as diffusing particles

498

Optimization of a Single Phase Ultrasonic Linear Motor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimization of a Single Phase Ultrasonic Linear Motor Markus Flueckiger, Jos¬īe M. Fernandez.flueckiger@epfl.ch Abstract--Piezoelectric ultrasonic motors are superior to elec- tromagnetic micromotors, because by the means of the finite element method (FEM) is a common approach for dimensioning piezoelectric motors

Psaltis, Demetri

499

VIRTUAL E-MOTOR AS A TOOL FOR THE DEVELOPMENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

VIRTUAL E-MOTOR AS A TOOL FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF POWERTRAIN CONTROLLERS The introduction of electric motors in powertrains provides many possibilities to influence the vehicle driveability using the inverter. The high dynamic response of electric motors can be put to use for the compensation of powertrain

Noé, Reinhold

500

Consequences of Motor Copy Number on the Intracellular Transport of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Consequences of Motor Copy Number on the Intracellular Transport of Kinesin-1-Driven Lipid Droplets.P.G.) DOI 10.1016/j.cell.2008.10.021 SUMMARY The microtubule motor kinesin-1 plays central roles and that cargos with more motors move faster andforlonger distances;concreteevidence,however, is sparse. Here we

Texas at Austin. University of

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