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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor vehicle emission" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Carbonyl Emissions from Gasoline and Diesel Motor Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbonyl compounds present in motor vehicle exhaust, rangingfrom gasoline and diesel motor vehicles. Environ. Sci. Tech.composition and toxicity of motor vehicle emission samples.

Jakober, Chris A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Motor Vehicle Emission Simulator (MOVES) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Motor Vehicle Emission Simulator (MOVES) Motor Vehicle Emission Simulator (MOVES) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Motor Vehicle Emission Simulator (MOVES) Agency/Company /Organization: United States Environmental Protection Agency Sector: Energy Focus Area: Transportation Topics: GHG inventory Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: www.epa.gov/otaq/models/moves/index.htm Cost: Free Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/motor-vehicle-emission-simulator-move Language: English Policies: Deployment Programs DeploymentPrograms: Demonstration & Implementation References: http://www.epa.gov/otaq/models/moves/index.htm Intended to replace MOBILE6, NONROAD, and NMIM. Estimates energy consumption emissions from highway vehicles from 1999-2050 and accounts for

3

Inhalation of motor vehicle emissions: effects of urban population and land area  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

M.A. , 1996. Total cost of motor-vehicle use. Access 8, 7-Urban density and inhalation of motor vehicle emissions JDof primary pollutants: motor vehicle emissions in the South

Marshall, J D; McKone, T E; Deakin, E; Nazaroff, William W

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Inhalation of motor vehicle emissions: effects of urban population and land area  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

M.A. , 1996. Total cost of motor-vehicle use. Access 8,of ammonia and other motor vehicle exhaust emissions.and engine load on motor vehicle emissions. Environmental

Marshall, Julian D.; McKone, Thomas E.; Deakin, Elizabeth; Nazaroff, William W.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

DOE Hydrogen Analysis Repository: MOVES (Motor Vehicle Emission Simulator)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MOVES (Motor Vehicle Emission Simulator) MOVES (Motor Vehicle Emission Simulator) Project Summary Full Title: MOVES (Motor Vehicle Emission Simulator) Previous Title(s): New Generation Mobile Source Emissions Model (NGM) Project ID: 179 Principal Investigator: Margo Oge Brief Description: Estimates emissions for on-road and nonroad sources, multiple pollutants, fine-scale analysis to national inventory estimation. Keywords: Vehicle; transportation; emissions Purpose Estimate emissions for on-road and nonroad sources, cover a broad range of pollutants, and allow multiple scale analysis, from fine-scale analysis to national inventory estimation. When fully implemented MOVES will serve as the replacement for MOBILE. Performer Principal Investigator: Margo Oge Organization: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

6

MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator (MOVES) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator (MOVES) MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator (MOVES) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator (MOVES) Agency/Company /Organization: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Focus Area: GHG Inventory Development Topics: Analysis Tools Website: www.epa.gov/otaq/models/moves/index.htm This emission modeling system estimates emissions from mobile sources, including cars, trucks, and motorcycles. The modeling tool covers a broad range of pollutants and allows multiple scale analysis. How to Use This Tool This tool is most helpful when using these strategies: Shift - Change to low-carbon modes Improve - Enhance infrastructure & policies Learn more about the avoid, shift, improve framework for limiting air pollutants and greenhouse gas emissions.

7

Fuel-Based On-Road Motor Vehicle Emissions Inventory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fuel-Based On-Road Motor Vehicle Emissions Inventory for the Denver Metropolitan Area Sajal S sales from tax department -quite precise Inventory -uncertainty can be estimated Travel Based Model FuelGasohol (LTK, PAS) Tons/day3748369Gasoline (LTK, PAS) g per kg of fuel7859Gasohol (LTK, PAS) g per kg

Denver, University of

8

EMISSIONS OF NITROUS OXIDE AND METHANE FROM CONVENTIONAL AND ALTERNATIVE FUEL MOTOR VEHICLES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EMISSIONS OF NITROUS OXIDE AND METHANE FROM CONVENTIONAL AND ALTERNATIVE FUEL MOTOR VEHICLES from motor vehicles because unlike emissions of CO2, which are relatively easy to estimate, emissions-related emissions. In the U.S., for example, emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) from the production and use of motor

Kammen, Daniel M.

9

On-Road Motor Vehicle Emissions Measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and maintenance are both important. Propane and CNG are NOT "cleaner burning". RSD is a very good tool but ... Measured grams pollutant per kg of fuel from RSD -quantifiable uncertainty Fuel sales from tax department inventories · Only need one week of work and fuel sales to get fuel based emissions inventories · RSD

Denver, University of

10

A Multi-Country Analysis of Lifecycle Emissions From Transportation Fuels and Motor Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

171 Emissions related to the use of lubricating oil by motoruse of lubricating oil by motor vehicles The LEM estimatesoil refining to gasoline), the efficiency of fuel use by motor

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

A MULTI-COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF LIFECYCLE EMISSIONS FROM TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND MOTOR VEHICLES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

171 Emissions related to the use of lubricating oil by motoruse of lubricating oil by motor vehicles The LEM estimatesoil refining to gasoline), the efficiency of fuel use by motor

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

A Multi-Country Analysis of Lifecycle Emissions From Transportation Fuels and Motor Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from Transportation Fuels, Motor Vehicles, Transportationfrom alternative fuels for motor vehicles and electricity-Environmental Externalities of Motor-Vehicle Use in the U.

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

A MULTI-COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF LIFECYCLE EMISSIONS FROM TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND MOTOR VEHICLES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from Transportation Fuels, Motor Vehicles, Transportationfrom alternative fuels for motor vehicles and electricity-Environmental Externalities of Motor-Vehicle Use in the U.

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

A MULTI-COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF LIFECYCLE EMISSIONS FROM TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND MOTOR VEHICLES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers, Paris, France,Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (2003) providesOrganization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers. Because of

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

A Multi-Country Analysis of Lifecycle Emissions From Transportation Fuels and Motor Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers, Paris, France,Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (2003) providesOrganization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers. Because of

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Correlation of I/M240 and FTP emissions for Alternative Motor Fuels Act test vehicles  

SciTech Connect

The National Remewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is managing a series of light duty vehicle chasis dynamometer chasis tests on alternative fuel vehicles for the US Department of Energy (DOE). This testing program is part of a larger demonstration of alternative fuel vehicles that was mandated by the Alternative Motor Fuels Act of 1988 (AMFA). In Phase I of the AMFA emissions test program (AMFA I) 18 vehicles were tested by three laboratories. All the vehicles tested were 1991 model year. In Phase II of the program (AMFA II), the number of vehicles was increased to nearly 300, including M85 Dodge Spirits, E85 Chevrolet Luminas, and compressed natural gas Dodge passenger vans. Phase II testing includes a Federal Test Procedure (FTP) test, followed by two of the EPA`s Inspection/Maintenance (I/M240) tests. It is concluded that the I/M240 test is not an appropriate comparison to the FTP. Further the I/M 240 test is not as reliable as the FTP in estimating the `real world` emissions of these relatively low emission vehicles. 7 refs., 10 figs., 8 tabs.

Kelly, K.J.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

A Fuel-Based Motor Vehicle Emission Inventory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and cruises al 20-40 mph. Vermont sites, two instrumentsDuplicate measurements a for Vermont:. SouthboundVermontAve.ve- hicles at the Vermont Avenue site have emissions which

Singer, Brett C.; Harley, Robert A.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Projection of Chinese motor vehicle growth, oil demand, and CO{sub 2}emissions through 2050.  

SciTech Connect

As the vehicle population in China increases, oil consumption and carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) emissions associated with on-road transportation are rising dramatically. During this study, we developed a methodology to project trends in the growth of the vehicle population, oil demand, and CO{sub 2} emissions associated with on-road transportation in China. By using this methodology, we projected--separately--the number of highway vehicles, motorcycles, and rural vehicles in China through 2050. We used three scenarios of highway vehicle growth (high-, mid-, and low-growth) to reflect patterns of motor vehicle growth that have occurred in different parts of the world (i.e., Europe and Asia). All are essentially business-as-usual scenarios in that almost none of the countries we examined has made concerted efforts to manage vehicle growth or to offer serious alternative transportation means to satisfy people's mobility needs. With this caveat, our projections showed that by 2030, China could have more highway vehicles than the United States has today, and by 2035, it could have the largest number of highway vehicles in the world. By 2050, China could have 486-662 million highway vehicles, 44 million motorcycles, and 28 million rural vehicles. These numbers, which assume essentially unmanaged vehicle growth, would result in potentially disastrous effects on the urban infrastructure, resources, and other social and ecological aspects of life in China. We designed three fuel economy scenarios, from conservative to aggressive, on the basis of current policy efforts and expectations of near-future policies in China and in developed countries. It should be noted that these current and near-future policies have not taken into consideration the significant potential for further fuel economy improvements offered by advanced technologies such as electric drive technologies (e.g., hybrid electric vehicles and fuel-cell vehicles). By using vehicle growth projections and potential vehicle fuel economy, we projected that China's on-road vehicles could consume approximately 614-1016 million metric tons of oil per year (12.4-20.6 million barrels per day) and could emit 1.9-3.2 billion metric tons of CO{sub 2} per year in 2050, which will put tremendous pressure on the balance of the Chinese and world oil supply and demand and could have significant implications on climate change. Our analysis shows that, while improvements in vehicle fuel economy are crucial for reducing transportation energy use, containing the growth of the vehicle population could have an even more profound effect on oil use and CO{sub 2} emissions. This benefit is in addition to other societal and environmental benefits--such as reduced congestion, land use, and urban air pollution--that will result from containing vehicle population growth. Developing public transportation systems for personal travel and rail and other modes for freight transportation will be important for containing the growth of motor vehicles in China. Although the population of passenger cars will far exceed that of all truck types in China in the future, our analysis shows that oil use by and CO{sub 2} emissions from the Chinese truck fleet will be far larger than those related to Chinese passenger cars because trucks are very use intensive (more vehicle miles traveled per year) and energy intensive (lower fuel economy). Unfortunately, the potential for improving fuel economy and reducing air pollutant emissions for trucks has not been fully explored; such efforts are needed. Considering the rapid depletion of the world's oil reserve, the heightened global interest in addressing greenhouse gas emissions, and the geopolitical complications of global oil supply and demand, the study results suggest that unmanaged vehicle growth and limited improvements in vehicle fuel efficiency will lead to an unsustainable and unstable transportation system in China. In other words, while our projections do not definitively indicate what will happen in the Chinese transportation sector by 2050, they do demonstrate

Wang, M.; Huo, H.; Johnson, L.; He, D.

2006-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

19

Projection of Chinese motor vehicle growth, oil demand, and CO{sub 2}emissions through 2050.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As the vehicle population in China increases, oil consumption and carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) emissions associated with on-road transportation are rising dramatically. During this study, we developed a methodology to project trends in the growth of the vehicle population, oil demand, and CO{sub 2} emissions associated with on-road transportation in China. By using this methodology, we projected--separately--the number of highway vehicles, motorcycles, and rural vehicles in China through 2050. We used three scenarios of highway vehicle growth (high-, mid-, and low-growth) to reflect patterns of motor vehicle growth that have occurred in different parts of the world (i.e., Europe and Asia). All are essentially business-as-usual scenarios in that almost none of the countries we examined has made concerted efforts to manage vehicle growth or to offer serious alternative transportation means to satisfy people's mobility needs. With this caveat, our projections showed that by 2030, China could have more highway vehicles than the United States has today, and by 2035, it could have the largest number of highway vehicles in the world. By 2050, China could have 486-662 million highway vehicles, 44 million motorcycles, and 28 million rural vehicles. These numbers, which assume essentially unmanaged vehicle growth, would result in potentially disastrous effects on the urban infrastructure, resources, and other social and ecological aspects of life in China. We designed three fuel economy scenarios, from conservative to aggressive, on the basis of current policy efforts and expectations of near-future policies in China and in developed countries. It should be noted that these current and near-future policies have not taken into consideration the significant potential for further fuel economy improvements offered by advanced technologies such as electric drive technologies (e.g., hybrid electric vehicles and fuel-cell vehicles). By using vehicle growth projections and potential vehicle fuel economy, we projected that China's on-road vehicles could consume approximately 614-1016 million metric tons of oil per year (12.4-20.6 million barrels per day) and could emit 1.9-3.2 billion metric tons of CO{sub 2} per year in 2050, which will put tremendous pressure on the balance of the Chinese and world oil supply and demand and could have significant implications on climate change. Our analysis shows that, while improvements in vehicle fuel economy are crucial for reducing transportation energy use, containing the growth of the vehicle population could have an even more profound effect on oil use and CO{sub 2} emissions. This benefit is in addition to other societal and environmental benefits--such as reduced congestion, land use, and urban air pollution--that will result from containing vehicle population growth. Developing public transportation systems for personal travel and rail and other modes for freight transportation will be important for containing the growth of motor vehicles in China. Although the population of passenger cars will far exceed that of all truck types in China in the future, our analysis shows that oil use by and CO{sub 2} emissions from the Chinese truck fleet will be far larger than those related to Chinese passenger cars because trucks are very use intensive (more vehicle miles traveled per year) and energy intensive (lower fuel economy). Unfortunately, the potential for improving fuel economy and reducing air pollutant emissions for trucks has not been fully explored; such efforts are needed. Considering the rapid depletion of the world's oil reserve, the heightened global interest in addressing greenhouse gas emissions, and the geopolitical complications of global oil supply and demand, the study results suggest that unmanaged vehicle growth and limited improvements in vehicle fuel efficiency will lead to an unsustainable and unstable transportation system in China. In other words, while our projections do not definitively indicate what will happen in the Chinese transportation sector by 2050, they do demonstrate

Wang, M.; Huo, H.; Johnson, L.; He, D.

2006-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

20

A Multi-Country Analysis of Lifecycle Emissions From Transportation Fuels and Motor Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by producing region. Imports of natural gas by producinghave to import between 9% and 43% of its gas demand. Data ongas losses end use consumption). Motor-vehicle flows Imports

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor vehicle emission" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

A MULTI-COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF LIFECYCLE EMISSIONS FROM TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND MOTOR VEHICLES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by producing region. Imports of natural gas by producinghave to import between 9% and 43% of its gas demand. Data ongas losses end use consumption). Motor-vehicle flows Imports

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Motor Vehicle Parts Compliance Requirements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The OVSC compliance testing program is a strong incentive for manufacturers of motor vehicles and items of motor vehicle equipment to ...

2012-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

23

The Allocation of the Social Costs of Motor-Vehicle Use to Six Classes of Motor Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

emissions (from petroleum refineries, vehicle manufacture,emissions from petroleum refineries. Then, I apportion theproduction of motor fuel at refineries, emissions from the

Delucchi, Mark A.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

A Lifecycle Emissions Model (LEM): Lifecycle Emissions from Transportation Fuels, Motor Vehicles, Transportation Modes, Electricity Use, Heating and Cooking Fuels, and Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Residual Oil Distillate Oil Motor Gasoline Other Petroleumthe use of lubricating oil by motor vehicles is based on theuse of lubricating oil related to motor- vehicle use (g/mi).

Delucchi, Mark

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Hybrid vehicle motor alignment  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A rotor of an electric motor for a motor vehicle is aligned to an axis of rotation for a crankshaft of an internal combustion engine having an internal combustion engine and an electric motor. A locator is provided on the crankshaft, a piloting tool is located radially by the first locator to the crankshaft. A stator of the electric motor is aligned to a second locator provided on the piloting tool. The stator is secured to the engine block. The rotor is aligned to the crankshaft and secured thereto.

Levin, Michael Benjamin (Ann Arbor, MI)

2001-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

26

Commercial Motor Vehicle Brake-Related Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Commercial Motor Vehicle Brake-Related Research Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology Corridor Safety Technology Showcase October 14, 2010 Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology Corridor

27

Inhalation of primary motor vehicle emissions: Effects of urbanpopulation and land area  

SciTech Connect

Urban population density can influence transportation demand, as expressed through average daily vehicle-kilometers traveled per capita (VKT). In turn, changes in transportation demand influence total passenger vehicle emissions. Population density can also influence the fraction of total emissions that are inhaled by the exposed urban population. Equations are presented that describe these relationships for an idealized representation of an urban area. Using analytic solutions to these equations, we investigate the effect of three changes in urban population and urban land area (infill, sprawl, and constant-density growth) on per capita inhalation intake of primary pollutants from passenger vehicles. The magnitude of these effects depends on density-emissions elasticity ({var_epsilon}{sub e}), a normalized derivative relating change in population density to change in vehicle emissions. For example, if urban population increases, per capita intake is less with infill development than with constant-density growth if {var_epsilon}{sub e} is less than -0.5, while for {var_epsilon}{sub e} greater than -0.5 the reverse is true.

Marshall, Julian D.; McKone, Thomas E.; Nazaroff, William W.

2004-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

28

Commercial Motor Vehicle Brake Assessment Tools  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Commercial Motor Vehicle Brake Assessment Tools Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology Corridor Safety Technology Showcase October 14, 2010 Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology Corridor #12;Overview · Commercial Motor Vehicle (CMV) Air Brake System · North American Standard Level-1

29

Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology Corridor (CMVRTC)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology Corridor (CMVRTC) Oak Ridge National Laboratory Safety Security Vehicle Technologies Research Brief T he Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology in Tennessee to demonstrate, test, evaluation, and showcase innovative commercial motor vehicle (CMV) safety

30

Motor vehicles and global warming  

SciTech Connect

Energy use in transportation is one of the contributors to the concern over global warming. The primary greenhouse gases released by the transportation sector are carbon dioxide and chlorofluorocarbons. When all greenhouse gases are considered, CO{sub 2} emissions from the operation of highway vehicles worldwide represent about 4.7% of global warming enhancement. CO{sub 2} emissions from U.S. highway vehicles along represent about 2 to 2.5% of worldwide greenhouse gases. The use of CFCs in automotive air conditioning, in blowing foams for seats and padding and in the manufacture of electronic circuit boards accounted for 15% of the global usage of CFC-12 in 1985 according to the U.S. EPA. The Motor Vehicle Manufacturers Association supports the phase-out of CFC use provided that safe substitutes are available and that adequate lead time is allowed for.They suggest that reduction of greenhouse gases would require planning on a global scope to be effective. One alternative they suggest for further study is a carbon fee for reducing emissions of carbon dioxide. This fee would be levied on each type of fossil fuel, proportional to its carbon content per unit of energy.

Halberstadt, M.L.

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

A Lifecycle Emissions Model (LEM): Lifecycle Emissions from Transportation Fuels, Motor Vehicles, Transportation Modes, Electricity Use, Heating and Cooking Fuels, and Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

provide the worlds uranium enrichment services. With theseenergy efficiency of uranium enrichment, in mWh-enrichment-gas Motor-vehicle flows Uranium enrichment Agriculture Fuel

Delucchi, Mark

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

motor vehicles | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

motor vehicles motor vehicles Dataset Summary Description The data included in this submission is United States Department of Transportation (DOT) data on rates and revenue statistics up to 1995. The data includes state motor-fuel tax receipts, 1919-1995, state motor fuel taxes and related receipts, 1950-1995, and state and federal motor fuel tax rates, 1919-1995 The data is presented in .xlsx format. Source DOT Date Released Unknown Date Updated Unknown Keywords DOT highway motor vehicles rates revenues Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon State motor-fuel tax receipts, 1919-1995 (xlsx, 13.8 KiB) application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon State motor fuel taxes and related receipts, 1950-1995 (xlsx, 78.5 KiB)

33

COMMERICAL MOTOR VEHICLE OPERATOR EMPLOYMENT APPLICATION SUPPLEMENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COMMERICAL MOTOR VEHICLE OPERATOR EMPLOYMENT APPLICATION SUPPLEMENT _________________________________________________________ Applicants for positions involving the operation of a commercial motor vehicle must comply with Title 49 CFR: _______________ Please list the following information for each unexpired commercial motor vehicle operator license

Roy, Subrata

34

A Multi-Country Analysis of Lifecycle Emissions From Transportation Fuels and Motor Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

wood, grass, or corn. It considers fuel-cell electric vehicles (FCVs) as well as internal- combustion

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

A MULTI-COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF LIFECYCLE EMISSIONS FROM TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND MOTOR VEHICLES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

wood, grass, or corn. It considers fuel-cell electric vehicles (FCVs) as well as internal- combustion

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

California Motor Vehicle Standards and Federalism: Lessons for the European Union  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

7543(b)(1) (West 2007). See Motor Vehicle Mfrs. Assn v. Newp. 11 (Letter from General Motors President clarifying thatTransportation Controls to Reduce Motor Vehicle Emissions in

Carlson, Ann E.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

VIA Motors electric vehicle platform | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

VIA Motors electric vehicle platform VIA Motors electric vehicle platform extended range electric vehicle technologies VIA Motors electric vehicle platform More Documents &...

38

A Multi-Country Analysis of Lifecycle Emissions From Transportation Fuels and Motor Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

like fuel via the Fischer-Tropsch process, or emissions fromvehicles. FTD = Fischer-Tropsch diesel, CNG = compressedvolume % in LPG) FTD = Fischer-Tropsch dieses (volume % in

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

A MULTI-COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF LIFECYCLE EMISSIONS FROM TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND MOTOR VEHICLES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

like fuel via the Fischer-Tropsch process, or emissions fromvehicles. FTD = Fischer-Tropsch diesel, CNG = compressedvolume % in LPG) FTD = Fischer-Tropsch dieses (volume % in

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

A Multi-Country Analysis of Lifecycle Emissions From Transportation Fuels and Motor Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and from unconventional reserves; energy intensity of oilunconventional production; venting and flaring of associated gas; CO 2 and SO 2 emissions from oil

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor vehicle emission" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

A MULTI-COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF LIFECYCLE EMISSIONS FROM TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND MOTOR VEHICLES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and from unconventional reserves; energy intensity of oilunconventional production; venting and flaring of associated gas; CO 2 and SO 2 emissions from oil

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

A Multi-Country Analysis of Lifecycle Emissions From Transportation Fuels and Motor Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Administration, Persian Gulf Oil and Gas Exports Fact Sheet,Emissions from the Oil and Gas Industry, Report Numbern.e. FTD NG n.e. Fuel oil Still gas oil n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

A MULTI-COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF LIFECYCLE EMISSIONS FROM TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND MOTOR VEHICLES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Administration, Persian Gulf Oil and Gas Exports Fact Sheet,Emissions from the Oil and Gas Industry, Report Numbern.e. FTD NG n.e. Fuel oil Still gas oil n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

MOTOR VEHICLE MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... about half of the value added in light vehicles ... Selected Program White Papers. ... This white paper defines a program which supports the development ...

2011-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

45

Motor generator electric automotive vehicle  

SciTech Connect

A motor generator electric automotive vehicle is described comprising in combination, a traction drive motor coupled by a first drive shaft to a differential of an axle of the vehicle, a main battery bank electrically connected by wires to a small electric motor driving a large D.C. generator having a second drive shaft therebetween, an on-off switch in series with one of the wires to the small motor, a speed control unit attached to an accelerator pedal of the vehicle being coupled with a double pole-double throw reverse switch to the traction drive motor, a charger regulator electrically connected to the generator, a bank of solar cells coupled to the charge regulator, an electric extension cord from the charge regulator having a plug on its end for selective connection to an exterior electric power source, a plurality of pulleys on the second drive shaft, a belt unit driven by the pulley, one the belt unit being connected to a present alternator of the vehicle which is coupled to a present battery and present regulator of the vehicle, and other of the units being connected to power brakes and equipment including power steering and an air conditioner.

Weldin, W.

1986-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

46

Motor vehicles in the 1990s: Emerging environmental constraints on current fuels, and emissions and energy trade-offs related to nonpetroleum alternatives  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Manufacturers of motor vehicles and engines may face substantial compliance challenges because of existing or proposed environmental regulations. Among the challenges due to existing regulations is the need for improved control of evaporative emissions from gasoline vehicles and emissions of particulate matter from heavy-duty diesel trucks. Potential future challenges could arise from the need to control refueling emissions and from more stringent emission standards for hydrocarbons and oxides of nitrogen. Virtually all of these regulations require technological changes to vehicles and engines, assuming that gasoline and diesel fuel remain as the operating fuels. However, recent speculation has centered on the possibility of meeting some or all of these regulatory challenges with alternative fuels such as natural gas or methanol. This study addresses that possibility by examining current and potential standards, characterizing vehicles that use alternative fuels, and assessing -- via an informal canvass of manufacturers -- the likelihood of meeting the regulations with both conventional and alternative fuels. A selective literature review compares emissions, energy use, and costs associated with both types of fuels. Finally, a plausible scenario of introducing methanol- fueled autos and light trucks by the early 1990s is defined as the basis for examining changes in emission levels nationally. While the overall reduction -- from all transportation sources -- of reactive hydrocarbons and oxides of nitrogen due to these vehicles is less than 1% by 1997, the potential remains for greater levels of reduction within urbanized areas, especially if tax-based incentives and other measures are used to encourage the use of vehicles powered by alternative fuels. 68 refs., 2 figs., 23 tabs.

Singh, M.K.; Saricks, C.L.; LaBelle, S.J.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Thermoelectric generator for motor vehicle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thermoelectric generator for producing electric power for a motor vehicle from the heat of the exhaust gasses produced by the engine of the motor vehicle. The exhaust gasses pass through a finned heat transfer support structure which has seat positions on its outside surface for the positioning of thermoelectric modules. A good contact cylinder provides a framework from which a spring force can be applied to the thermoelectric modules to hold them in good contact on their seats on the surface of the heat transfer support structure.

Bass, John C. (6121 La Pintra Dr., La Jolla, CA 92037)

1997-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

48

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Low Emission Vehicle Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards New Jersey has adopted California motor vehicle emissions standards as set

49

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Low Emission Vehicle Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards Washington adopted the California motor vehicle emission standards in Title

50

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Low Emission Vehicle Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards Maryland has adopted the California motor vehicle emission standards in

51

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Low Emission Vehicle Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards Maine has adopted the California motor vehicle emissions standards

52

A Lifecycle Emissions Model (LEM): Lifecycle Emissions from Transportation Fuels, Motor Vehicles, Transportation Modes, Electricity Use, Heating and Cooking Fuels, and Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

change to Ethanol, E85 corn, C0/NG50/B50, where the B50on five fuels: RFG, M85, E85, LPG, and CNG. The vehicle wasPM E85 CNG LPG Off-cycle emissions,

Delucchi, Mark

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Total Cost of Motor-Vehicle Use  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the use of Persian-Gulf oil by motor vehicles The sociallye r s i a n - G u l f Oil f o r Motor Vehicles 16. T h e C ofor motor vehicles: lost consumer surplus in other oil-

Delucchi, Mark A.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Table 2.8 Motor Vehicle Mileage, Fuel Consumption, and Fuel ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Greenhouse gas data, voluntary report- ing, electric power plant emissions. ... Table 2.8 Motor Vehicle Mileage, Fuel Consumption, and Fuel Economy, 1949-2010:

55

Motor vehicle fuel economy, the forgotten HC control stragegy?  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Emissions of hydrocarbons from motor vehicles are recognized as major contributors to ozone pollution in urban areas. Petroleum-based motor fuels contain volatile organic compounds (VOC) which, together with oxides of nitrogen, promote the formation of ozone in the troposphere via complex photochemical reactions. VOC emissions from the tailpipe and evaporation from the fuel and engine systems of highway vehicles are believed to account for about 40% of total VOC emissions in any region. But motor fuels also generate emissions throughout the fuel cycle, from crude oil production to refining, storage, transportation, and handling, that can make significant contributions to the total inventory of VOC emissions. Many of these sources of emissions are directly related to the quantity of fuel produced and handled throughout the fuel cycle. It is, therefore, reasonable to expect that a reduction in total fuel throughput might result in a reduction of VOC emissions. In particular, reducing vehicle fuel consumption by increasing vehicle fuel economy should reduce total fuel throughput, thereby cutting total emissions of VOCS. In this report we identify the sources of VOC emissions throughout the motor fuel cycle, quantify them to the extent possible, and describe their dependence on automobile and light truck fuel economy.

Deluchi, M.; Wang, Quanlu; Greene, D.L.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Hybrid vehicle motor alignment - Energy Innovation Portal  

A rotor of an electric motor for a motor vehicle is aligned to an axis of rotation for a crankshaft of an internal combustion engine having an internal combustion ...

57

Table A1. U.S. Number of Vehicles, Vehicle-Miles, Motor Fuel ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Number of Vehicles Vehicle-Miles Traveled Motor Fuel Consumption Motor Fuel 2001 Household and Vehicle Expenditures ... Age of Primary Driver 16 to 17 Years ...

58

EcoCAR Vehicles Get Put to the Test at General Motors' Proving Ground |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EcoCAR Vehicles Get Put to the Test at General Motors' Proving EcoCAR Vehicles Get Put to the Test at General Motors' Proving Ground EcoCAR Vehicles Get Put to the Test at General Motors' Proving Ground June 13, 2011 - 5:57pm Addthis Virginia Tech puts their EcoCar vehicle through the paces at General Motors' Milford Proving Grounds. | Credit Department of Energy Advanced Vehicle Technology Competitions Virginia Tech puts their EcoCar vehicle through the paces at General Motors' Milford Proving Grounds. | Credit Department of Energy Advanced Vehicle Technology Competitions Connie Bezanson Education & Outreach Manager, Vehicle Technologies Program What does this project do? EcoCar challenges students to reduce the environmental impact of vehicles by minimizing the vehicle's fuel consumption and emissions -- while retaining the vehicle's performance, safety and consumer appeal.

59

VIA Motors electric vehicle platform  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Extended-Range Electric Trucks Extended-Range Electric Trucks The fuel economy of a Prius with the payload of a pickup VIA's E-REV powertrain is ideal for America's fleets, cutting fuel costs by up to 75%, while dramatically reducing petroleum consumption and emissions- electricity costs an average of 60 cents per equivalent gallon. Recharging daily, the average driver could expect to refill the gas tank less than 10 times a year rather than once a week. It offers all the advantages of an electric vehicle, without range limitations. Working with vehicle manufacturers, VIA plans to begin delivering E-REV trucks to government and utility fleets in 2011. The onboard generator provides a work site with 15 kW of exportable power Up to 40 miles in all-electric mode and up to 300 miles using the range extender

60

The Allocation of the Social Costs of Motor-Vehicle Use to Six Classes of Motor Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

alcohol Unfinished oils Motor gasoline blending componentsalcohol Unfinished oils Motor gasoline blending componentsthe Use of Persian-Gulf Oil for Motor Vehicles (M. Delucchi

Delucchi, Mark A.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor vehicle emission" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #443: November 13, 2006 Motor...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3: November 13, 2006 Motor Vehicle Trade between the U.S. and China to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact 443: November 13, 2006 Motor Vehicle Trade between...

62

Physical context management for a motor vehicle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Computer software for and a method of enhancing safety for an operator of a motor vehicle comprising employing a plurality of sensors of vehicle and operator conditions, matching collective output from the sensors against a plurality of known dangerous conditions, and preventing certain activity of the operator if a known dangerous condition is detected.

Dixon, Kevin R. (Albuquerque, NM); Forsythe, James C. (Sandia Park, NM); Lippitt, Carl E. (Albuquerque, NM); Lippitt, legal representative, Lois Diane (Albuquerque, NM)

2009-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

63

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #601: December 14, 2009 World Motor  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1: December 14, 1: December 14, 2009 World Motor Vehicle Production to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #601: December 14, 2009 World Motor Vehicle Production on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #601: December 14, 2009 World Motor Vehicle Production on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #601: December 14, 2009 World Motor Vehicle Production on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #601: December 14, 2009 World Motor Vehicle Production on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #601: December 14, 2009 World Motor Vehicle Production on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #601: December 14, 2009 World Motor Vehicle Production on AddThis.com... Fact #601: December 14, 2009

64

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Vehicle Emissions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Vehicle Ethanol Vehicle Emissions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Vehicle Emissions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Vehicle Emissions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Vehicle Emissions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Vehicle Emissions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Vehicle Emissions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Vehicle Emissions on AddThis.com... More in this section... Ethanol Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Conversions Emissions Laws & Incentives Ethanol Vehicle Emissions When blended with gasoline for use as a vehicle fuel, ethanol can offer some emissions benefits over gasoline, depending on vehicle type, engine

65

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #637: August 23, 2010 World Motor Vehicle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7: August 23, 7: August 23, 2010 World Motor Vehicle Production to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #637: August 23, 2010 World Motor Vehicle Production on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #637: August 23, 2010 World Motor Vehicle Production on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #637: August 23, 2010 World Motor Vehicle Production on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #637: August 23, 2010 World Motor Vehicle Production on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #637: August 23, 2010 World Motor Vehicle Production on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #637: August 23, 2010 World Motor Vehicle Production on AddThis.com... Fact #637: August 23, 2010 World Motor Vehicle Production

66

Just the Basics: Vehicle Emissions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Are Exhaust Are Exhaust Emissions? In most heavily settled areas of the U.S., the personal automobile is the single greatest producer of harmful vehicle exhaust emissions. Exhaust emissions are generated by the fuel-air mixture burning in internal combus- tion engines, both gasoline-powered and diesel-powered. Emissions are also produced by fuel evaporation within the vehicle when it is stopped, and again during fueling. The constituents of car (gasoline and diesel) and truck (diesel) emissions vary depending on fuel type and indi- vidual vehicle operating characteris- tics. The bulk of vehicular emissions are composed of water vapor, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, and oxygen (in unconsumed air). There are other pollutants, such as carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, unburned fuel, and

67

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Vehicle Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Emissions Laws & Incentives Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions When used as a vehicle fuel, biodiesel offers some tailpipe and considerable greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions benefits over conventional

68

Electrical system for a motor vehicle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In one embodiment of the present invention, an electrical system for a motor vehicle comprises a capacitor, an engine cranking motor coupled to receive motive power from the capacitor, a storage battery and an electrical generator having an electrical power output, the output coupled to provide electrical energy to the capacitor and to the storage battery. The electrical system also includes a resistor which limits current flow from the battery to the engine cranking motor. The electrical system further includes a diode which allows current flow through the diode from the generator to the battery but which blocks current flow through the diode from the battery to the cranking motor. 2 figs.

Tamor, M.A.

1999-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

69

Electrical system for a motor vehicle  

SciTech Connect

In one embodiment of the present invention, an electrical system for a motor vehicle comprises a capacitor, an engine cranking motor coupled to receive motive power from the capacitor, a storage battery and an electrical generator having an electrical power output, the output coupled to provide electrical energy to the capacitor and to the storage battery. The electrical system also includes a resistor which limits current flow from the battery to the engine cranking motor. The electrical system further includes a diode which allows current flow through the diode from the generator to the battery but which blocks current flow through the diode from the battery to the cranking motor.

Tamor, Michael Alan (Toledo, OH)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Emissions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Vehicles » Propane Vehicles » Propane Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Emissions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Emissions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Emissions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Emissions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Emissions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Emissions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Emissions on AddThis.com... More in this section... Propane Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Conversions Emissions Laws & Incentives Propane Vehicle Emissions

71

A Lifecycle Emissions Model (LEM): Lifecycle Emissions from Transportation Fuels, Motor Vehicles, Transportation Modes, Electricity Use, Heating and Cooking Fuels, and Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

E STIMATES OF EMISSIONS FACTORS FOR ALCOHOL FUEL PRODUCTIONOF EMISSIONS FACTORS FOR ALCOHOL FUEL PRODUCTION PLANTS A.

Delucchi, Mark

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Emergency Department Visits by Older Adults for Motor Vehicle Collisions: A Five-Year National Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

KM, Esserman DA, et al. Motor vehicle collision-relatedVisits by Older Adults for Motor Vehicle Collisions * Denvervisits by older adults for motor vehicle collisions (MVC) in

Vogel, Jody A; Ginde, Adit A.; Lowenstein, Steven R.; Betz, Marian E.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Vital Signs: Emergency Department and Older Adult Motor Vehicle Collisions: Prevention is Paramount  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Severity of Older Adult Motor Vehicle Collisions in OrangeOlder adults opinion of and motor vehicle-related crashes32. California Department of Motor Vehicles. Senior Driver:

Lotfipour, Shahram; Cisneros, Victor; Chakravarthy, Bharath

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Impacts of motor vehicle operation on water quality - Clean-up Costs and Policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

preventing water pollution from motor vehicles would be muchgroundwater pollution; motor-vehicle transportation;the environmental costs of motor vehicle transportation in

Nixon, Hilary; Saphores, Jean-Daniel M

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Descriptions of Motor Vehicle Collisions by Participants in Emergency DepartmentBased Studies: Are They Accurate?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reports in determining motor vehicle crash characteristics.R ESEARCH Descriptions of Motor Vehicle Collisions byThe immediate aftermath of motor vehicle collisions. In:

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Cell Motor Vehicle Tax Deduction  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Cell Motor Fuel Cell Motor Vehicle Tax Deduction to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Cell Motor Vehicle Tax Deduction on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Cell Motor Vehicle Tax Deduction on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Cell Motor Vehicle Tax Deduction on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Cell Motor Vehicle Tax Deduction on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Cell Motor Vehicle Tax Deduction on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Cell Motor Vehicle Tax Deduction on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Fuel Cell Motor Vehicle Tax Deduction A taxpayer is eligible for a $2,000 tax deduction for the purchase of a

77

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Motor Vehicle Fuel Promotion  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Natural Gas Motor Natural Gas Motor Vehicle Fuel Promotion to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Motor Vehicle Fuel Promotion on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Motor Vehicle Fuel Promotion on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Motor Vehicle Fuel Promotion on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Motor Vehicle Fuel Promotion on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Motor Vehicle Fuel Promotion on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Motor Vehicle Fuel Promotion on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas Motor Vehicle Fuel Promotion An eight member Natural Gas Fuel Board (Board) was created to advise the

78

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Cell Motor Vehicle Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Cell Motor Fuel Cell Motor Vehicle Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Cell Motor Vehicle Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Cell Motor Vehicle Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Cell Motor Vehicle Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Cell Motor Vehicle Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Cell Motor Vehicle Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Cell Motor Vehicle Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Fuel Cell Motor Vehicle Tax Credit A tax credit of up to $4,000 is available for the purchase of qualified

79

A Lifecycle Emissions Model (LEM): Lifecycle Emissions from Transportation Fuels, Motor Vehicles, Transportation Modes, Electricity Use, Heating and Cooking Fuels, and Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

maximum, and restricts regenerative energy to be less thanthe extra energy made available by regenerative braking. Theregenerative braking (for fuel-cell vehicles without electro-chemical energy

Delucchi, Mark

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

TAX AND FEE PAYMENTS BY MOTOR VEHICLE USERS FOR THE USE OF HIGHWAYS, FUELS, AND VEHICLES Report #17 in the series: The Annualized Social Cost of Motor-Vehicle Use in the United States, based on 1990-1991 Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and on lubricating oils motor-vehicle salesmen; selectivefor example motor vehicles, oil and gas properties, housethe Use of Persian-Gulf Oil for Motor Vehicles (M. Delucchi

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor vehicle emission" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

TAX AND FEE PAYMENTS BY MOTOR VEHICLE USERS FOR THE USE OF HIGHWAYS, FUELS, AND VEHICLES Report #17 in the series: The Annualized Social Cost of Motor-Vehicle Use in the United States, based on 1990-1991 Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

July (1996). Motor Vehicle Manufacturers Association of theaddition, some motor-vehicle manufacturers have been finedEPA charges motor-vehicle manufacturers to cover the cost of

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Vehicle Emission Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vehicle Emission Basics Vehicle Emission Basics Vehicle Emission Basics November 22, 2013 - 2:07pm Addthis Vehicle emissions are the gases emitted by the tailpipes of vehicles powered by internal combustion engines, which include gasoline, diesel, natural gas, and propane vehicles. Vehicle emissions are composed of varying amounts of: water vapor carbon dioxide (CO2) nitrogen oxygen pollutants such as: carbon monoxide (CO) nitrogen oxides (NOx) unburned hydrocarbons (UHCs) volatile organic compounds (VOCs) particulate matter (PM) A number of factors determine the composition of emissions, including the vehicle's fuel, the engine's technology, the vehicle's exhaust aftertreatment system, and how the vehicle operates. Emissions are also produced by fuel evaporation during fueling or even when vehicles are

83

Development of a particle number and particle mass vehicle emissions inventory for an urban fleet  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Motor vehicles are major emitters of gaseous and particulate matter pollution in urban areas, and exposure to particulate matter pollution can have serious health effects, ranging from respiratory and cardiovascular disease to mortality. Motor vehicle ... Keywords: Emission factors, Motor vehicle inventory, PM 1, PM 10, PM 2.5, Particle emissions, Particle mass, Particle number, South-East Queensland, Traffic modelling, Transport modelling, Ultrafine particles

Diane U. Keogh; Luis Ferreira; Lidia Morawska

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Trends in On-Road Vehicle Emissions of Ammonia  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trends in On-Road Vehicle Emissions of Ammonia Trends in On-Road Vehicle Emissions of Ammonia Title Trends in On-Road Vehicle Emissions of Ammonia Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2008 Authors Kean, Andrew J., David Littlejohn, George Ban-Weiss, Robert A. Harley, Thomas W. Kirchstetter, and Melissa M. Lunden Journal Atmospheric Environment Abstract Motor vehicle emissions of ammonia have been measured at a California highway tunnel in the San Francisco Bay area. Between 1999 and 2006, light-duty vehicle ammonia emissions decreased by 38 ± 6%, from 640 ± 40 to 400 ± 20 mg kg-1. High time resolution measurements of ammonia made in summer 2001 at the same location indicate a minimum in ammonia emissions correlated with slower-speed driving conditions. Variations in ammonia emission rates track changes in carbon monoxide more closely than changes in nitrogen oxides, especially during later evening hours when traffic speeds are highest. Analysis of remote sensing data of Burgard et al. (Environ Sci. Technol. 2006, 40, 7018-7022) indicates relationships between ammonia and vehicle model year, nitrogen oxides, and carbon monoxide. Ammonia emission rates from diesel trucks were difficult to measure in the tunnel setting due to the large contribution to ammonia concentrations in a mixed-traffic bore that were assigned to light-duty vehicle emissions. Nevertheless, it is clear that heavy-duty diesel trucks are a minor source of ammonia emissions compared to light-duty gasoline vehicles.

85

A Lifecycle Emissions Model (LEM): Lifecycle Emissions from Transportation Fuels, Motor Vehicles, Transportation Modes, Electricity Use, Heating and Cooking Fuels, and Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fuel or power generation (coal, natural gas, fuel oil,generation mix for power used to compress fossil natural gas.power (% of electricity generation [EVs, hydrogen vehicles]) NGL = natural gas

Delucchi, Mark

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

A Lifecycle Emissions Model (LEM): Lifecycle Emissions from Transportation Fuels, Motor Vehicles, Transportation Modes, Electricity Use, Heating and Cooking Fuels, and Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of biomass (lignin) and biogas for process heat. TheyBTU-lignin/BTU-fuel) and emission factors for biogas (g/BTU-gas) by biogas-use factors (BTU-gas/BTU-fuel). The emission

Delucchi, Mark

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

A Lifecycle Emissions Model (LEM): Lifecycle Emissions from Transportation Fuels, Motor Vehicles, Transportation Modes, Electricity Use, Heating and Cooking Fuels, and Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

treatment emissions from corn/ethanol and wood bio- fuelMulti-modal emissions Corn-ethanol production, energy use:biodiesel fuel cycles, and corn/ ethanol fuel cycles. GHGCH

Delucchi, Mark

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Gas Mileage of 1986 Vehicles by Vixen Motor Company  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vixen Motor Company Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1986 Vixen Motor Company 21 TD 6 cyl, 2.4 L, Manual 5-spd, Diesel Compare 1986 Vixen Motor Company 21 TD 15 City 16...

89

Gas Mileage of 1984 Vehicles by Avanti Motor Corporation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

84 Avanti Motor Corporation Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1984 Avanti Motor Corporation Avanti II 8 cyl, 5.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1984 Avanti Motor...

90

Electric machine for hybrid motor vehicle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A power system for a motor vehicle having an internal combustion engine and an electric machine is disclosed. The electric machine has a stator, a permanent magnet rotor, an uncluttered rotor spaced from the permanent magnet rotor, and at least one secondary core assembly. The power system also has a gearing arrangement for coupling the internal combustion engine to wheels on the vehicle thereby providing a means for the electric machine to both power assist and brake in relation to the output of the internal combustion engine.

Hsu, John Sheungchun (Oak Ridge, TN)

2007-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

91

A Lifecycle Emissions Model (LEM): Lifecycle Emissions from Transportation Fuels, Motor Vehicles, Transportation Modes, Electricity Use, Heating and Cooking Fuels, and Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

emissions for natural-gas power plants. Moreover, the CH4separately from the natural gas-to-power plants fuelcycle,= of total natural-gas used by power plants, the fraction

Delucchi, Mark

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

A Lifecycle Emissions Model (LEM): Lifecycle Emissions from Transportation Fuels, Motor Vehicles, Transportation Modes, Electricity Use, Heating and Cooking Fuels, and Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

factors for wood residue combustion. Mann and Spath (1997)CH4/NMOC ratio for wood-waste combustion (see below), andN2O/NO x ratio for wood-waste combustion. Emission factors

Delucchi, Mark

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Electric Vehicles, Hybrid Vehicles, and the California Zero Emission...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electric Vehicles, Hybrid Vehicles, and the California Zero Emission Mandate Speaker(s): Ron Chestnut Date: October 26, 2000 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 The California Air...

94

Motor vehicle fuel economy, the forgotten HC control stragegy. [Hydrocarbon (HC)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Emissions of hydrocarbons from motor vehicles are recognized as major contributors to ozone pollution in urban areas. Petroleum-based motor fuels contain volatile organic compounds (VOC) which, together with oxides of nitrogen, promote the formation of ozone in the troposphere via complex photochemical reactions. VOC emissions from the tailpipe and evaporation from the fuel and engine systems of highway vehicles are believed to account for about 40% of total VOC emissions in any region. But motor fuels also generate emissions throughout the fuel cycle, from crude oil production to refining, storage, transportation, and handling, that can make significant contributions to the total inventory of VOC emissions. Many of these sources of emissions are directly related to the quantity of fuel produced and handled throughout the fuel cycle. It is, therefore, reasonable to expect that a reduction in total fuel throughput might result in a reduction of VOC emissions. In particular, reducing vehicle fuel consumption by increasing vehicle fuel economy should reduce total fuel throughput, thereby cutting total emissions of VOCS. In this report we identify the sources of VOC emissions throughout the motor fuel cycle, quantify them to the extent possible, and describe their dependence on automobile and light truck fuel economy.

Deluchi, M.; Wang, Quanlu; Greene, D.L.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Electric machine for hybrid motor vehicle - Energy Innovation ...  

A power system for a motor vehicle having an internal combustion engine and an electric machine is disclosed. The electric machine has a stator, a permanent magnet ...

96

Motor Vehicle Plant Lighting Level Best Practices | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Motor Vehicle Plant Lighting Level Best Practices Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial...

97

EA-1869: Supplement to General Motors Corp., Electric Vehicle...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here Home EA-1869: Supplement to General Motors Corp., Electric VehicleBattery Manufacturing Application, White Marsh, Maryland, and Wixom, Michigan (DOE...

98

Emission Impacts of Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

greenhouse effect, and electric vehicles," Proceedingso/9thInternational Electric Vehicles Symposium, 1988. 14. R. M.of 9th International Electric Vehicles Sympo- sium, 1988.

Wang, Quanlu; DeLuchi, Mark A.; Sperling, Daniel

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Gas Mileage of 1984 Vehicles by American Motors Corporation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 American Motors Corporation Vehicles 4 American Motors Corporation Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 4 cyl, 2.5 L, Manual 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 19 City 20 Combined 22 Highway 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 4 cyl, 2.5 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 19 City 21 Combined 23 Highway 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 6 cyl, 4.2 L, Automatic 3-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 15 City 17 Combined 20 Highway 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 6 cyl, 4.2 L, Manual 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 16 City 17 Combined 20 Highway 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 6 cyl, 4.2 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline

100

Emissions Modeling for Electric Vehicles: Progress Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There has been considerable debate and numerous publications comparing the emissions from alternative fuel vehicles with those of internal combustion engine vehicles. Considering the highly competitive nature of the automotive industry, the size of the automotive fuels markets, and intense regulatory scrutiny of emissions, there is no easy method of establishing agreement on all of the analytical factors involved in emissions analysis from vehicles. However, agreement on many of the factual parameters sh...

1999-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor vehicle emission" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Trends in on-road vehicle emissions of ammonia  

SciTech Connect

Motor vehicle emissions of ammonia have been measured at a California highway tunnel in the San Francisco Bay area. Between 1999 and 2006, light-duty vehicle ammonia emissions decreased by 38 {+-} 6%, from 640 {+-} 40 to 400 {+-} 20 mg kg{sup -1}. High time resolution measurements of ammonia made in summer 2001 at the same location indicate a minimum in ammonia emissions correlated with slower-speed driving conditions. Variations in ammonia emission rates track changes in carbon monoxide more closely than changes in nitrogen oxides, especially during later evening hours when traffic speeds are highest. Analysis of remote sensing data of Burgard et al. (Environ Sci. Technol. 2006, 40, 7018-7022) indicates relationships between ammonia and vehicle model year, nitrogen oxides, and carbon monoxide. Ammonia emission rates from diesel trucks were difficult to measure in the tunnel setting due to the large contribution to ammonia concentrations in a mixed-traffic bore that were assigned to light-duty vehicle emissions. Nevertheless, it is clear that heavy-duty diesel trucks are a minor source of ammonia emissions compared to light-duty gasoline vehicles.

Kean, A.J.; Littlejohn, D.; Ban-Weiss, G.A.; Harley, R.A.; Kirchstetter, T.W.; Lunden, M. M.

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

102

Do Motor-Vehicle Users in the US Pay Their Way?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

expenditures related to motor-vehicle use is a key factor insuch as highway patrol, for motor-vehicle users (Delucchi,fees speci?cally related to motor-vehicle use A2.1. Taxes

Delucchi, Mark

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Do Motor-Vehicle Users in the US Pay Their Way?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Use of Persian-Gulf Oil for Motor Vehicles, Report #15the use of Persian-Gulf oil for motor vehicles. 9 While itthe use of Persian-Gulf oil by motor vehicles (Table 2). All

Delucchi, Mark

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

US military expenditures to protect the use of Persian Gulf oil for motor vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the use of Persian Gulf oil for motor vehicles. UCD-ITS-RR-use of Persian Gulf oil for motor vehicles Mark A. Delucchiof Persian Gulf oil by motor vehicles speci?cally, both in

Delucchi, Mark; Murphy, James

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Summary of electric vehicle dc motor-controller tests  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Available performance data for production motors are usually of marginal value to the electric vehicle designer. To provide at least a partial remedy to this situation, tests of typical dc propulsion motors and controllers were conducted as part of the DOE Electric Vehicle Program. The objectives of this program were to evaluate the differences in the performance of dc motors when operating with chopper-type controllers and when operating on direct current; and to gain an understanding of the interactions between the motor and the controller which cause these differences. Toward this end, motor-controller tests performed by the NASA Lewis Research Center provided some of the first published data that quantified motor efficiency variations for both ripple-free (straight dc) and chopper modes of operation. Test and analysis work at the University of Pittsburgh explored motor-controller relationships in greater depth. And to provide additional data, 3E Vehicles tested two small motors, both on a dynamometer and in a vehicle, and the Eaton Corporation tested larger motors, using sophisticated instrumentation and digital processing techniques. All the motors tested were direct-current types. Of the separately excited types, seven were series wound and two were shunt wound. One self-excited permanent magnet type was also tested. Four of the series wound motors used brush shifting to obtain good commutation. In almost all cases, controller limitations constrained the test envelope so that the full capability of the motors could not be explored.

McBrien, E F; Tryon, H B

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Heat engine and electric motor torque distribution strategy for a hybrid electric vehicle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is provided for controlling a power train system for a hybrid electric vehicle. The method includes a torque distribution strategy for controlling the engine and the electric motor. The engine and motor commands are determined based upon the accelerator position, the battery state of charge and the amount of engine and motor torque available. The amount of torque requested for the engine is restricted by a limited rate of rise in order to reduce the emissions from the engine. The limited engine torque is supplemented by motor torque in order to meet a torque request determined based upon the accelerator position.

Boberg, Evan S. (Hazel Park, MI); Gebby, Brian P. (Hazel Park, MI)

1999-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

107

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants -  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Vehicle Emissions Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants - Sacramento to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants - Sacramento on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants - Sacramento on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants - Sacramento on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants - Sacramento on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants - Sacramento on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants - Sacramento on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

108

How large are tax subsidies to motor-vehicle users in the US?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of this deriving from motor fuels (the oil industry) ratherincome (%) Income year 1991 a Oil industries Motor vehicleindustries Oil and motor vehicle industries combined Amount

Delucchi, Mark; Murphy, James

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #61: May 12, 1998 Growth in Motor  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1: May 12, 1998 1: May 12, 1998 Growth in Motor Vehicles: 1940-1996 to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #61: May 12, 1998 Growth in Motor Vehicles: 1940-1996 on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #61: May 12, 1998 Growth in Motor Vehicles: 1940-1996 on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #61: May 12, 1998 Growth in Motor Vehicles: 1940-1996 on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #61: May 12, 1998 Growth in Motor Vehicles: 1940-1996 on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #61: May 12, 1998 Growth in Motor Vehicles: 1940-1996 on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #61: May 12, 1998 Growth in Motor Vehicles: 1940-1996 on AddThis.com... Fact #61: May 12, 1998 Growth in Motor Vehicles: 1940-1996

110

TAX AND FEE PAYMENTS BY MOTOR VEHICLE USERS FOR THE USE OF HIGHWAYS, FUELS, AND VEHICLES Report #17 in the series: The Annualized Social Cost of Motor-Vehicle Use in the United States, based on 1990-1991 Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Arizona Department of Motor Vehicles, Phoenix, Arizona,Enhancement Through Increased Motor-Fuel Tax Enforcement,Commercial and Industrialb Motor vehiclesc (AVMV USA,Yr )

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Texas Department of Motor Vehicles | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Motor Vehicles Motor Vehicles Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Texas Department of Motor Vehicles Name Texas Department of Motor Vehicles Short Name TxDMV Address 4000 Jackson Ave. Place Austin, Texas Zip 78731 Phone number 1-888-368-4689 Website http://www.txdmv.gov/ Coordinates 30.3134782°, -97.7553907° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":30.3134782,"lon":-97.7553907,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

112

The External Damage Cost of Direct Noise From Motor Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effects and Social Costs of Road Transport, Transportationreview of the social costs of transportation in the U. S.social cost MV = motor vehicle NIPA = National Income Product Accounts NOx = nitrogen oxides NPTS = Nationwide Personal Transportation

Delucchi, Mark A.; Hsu, Shi-Ling

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Nevada Department of Motor Vehicles | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Motor Vehicles Motor Vehicles Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Nevada Department of Motor Vehicles Name Nevada Department of Motor Vehicles Address 555 Wright Way Place Carson City, Nevada Zip 89711 Phone number 702-486-4368 Website http://dmvnv.com/ Coordinates 39.1549237°, -119.7635207° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.1549237,"lon":-119.7635207,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

114

Alcohol-fueled vehicles: An alternative fuels vehicle, emissions, and refueling infrastructure technology assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Interest in alternative motor vehicle fuels has grown tremendously over the last few years. The 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments, the National Energy Policy Act of 1992 and the California Clean Air Act are primarily responsible for this resurgence and have spurred both the motor fuels and vehicle manufacturing industries into action. For the first time, all three U.S. auto manufacturers are offering alternative fuel vehicles to the motoring public. At the same time, a small but growing alternative fuels refueling infrastructure is beginning to develop across the country. Although the recent growth in alternative motor fuels use is impressive, their market niche is still being defined. Environmental regulations, a key driver behind alternative fuel use, is forcing both car makers and the petroleum industry to clean up their products. As a result, alternative fuels no longer have a lock on the clean air market and will have to compete with conventional vehicles in meeting stringent future vehicle emission standards. The development of cleaner burning gasoline powered vehicles has signaled a shift in the marketing of alternative fuels. While they will continue to play a major part in the clean vehicle market, alternative fuels are increasingly recognized as a means to reduce oil imports. This new role is clearly defined in the National Energy Policy Act of 1992. The Act identifies alternative fuels as a key strategy for reducing imports of foreign oil and mandates their use for federal and state fleets, while reserving the right to require private and municipal fleet use as well.

McCoy, G.A.; Kerstetter, J.; Lyons, J.K. [and others

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Modelling vehicle emissions from an urban air-quality perspective:testing vehicle emissions interdependencies.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Abstract This thesis employs a statistical regression method to estimate models for testing the hypothesis of the thesis of vehicle emissions interdependencies. The thesis at (more)

Dabbas, Wafa M

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Gas Mileage of 1993 Vehicles by J.K. Motors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 J.K. Motors Vehicles 3 J.K. Motors Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1993 J.K. Motors 190E 2.3 MERC BENZ 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1993 J.K. Motors 190E 2.3 MERC BENZ 16 City 17 Combined 18 Highway 1993 J.K. Motors 230E MERC BENZ 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1993 J.K. Motors 230E MERC BENZ 16 City 17 Combined 18 Highway 1993 J.K. Motors 300SL 6 cyl, 3.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1993 J.K. Motors 300SL 14 City 15 Combined 16 Highway 1993 J.K. Motors BMW535I 6 cyl, 3.4 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1993 J.K. Motors BMW535I 12 City 14 Combined 18 Highway 1993 J.K. Motors BMW635CSI 6 cyl, 3.4 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1993 J.K. Motors BMW635CSI 12 City 14 Combined 18

117

US military expenditures to protect the use of Persian Gulf oil for motor vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Annual Report, data on motor fuel use available online at /and diesel fuel used by motor vehicles. We recommend thatanalyses of the social cost of motor vehicle use in the US.

Delucchi, Mark; Murphy, James

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

MIT Electric Vehicle Team Porsche designing a cooling system for the AC24 electric motor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis I worked on the design and analysis of a cooling system for the electric motor of the MIT Electric Vehicle Team's Porsche 914 Battery Electric Vehicle. The vehicle's Azure Dynamics AC24 motor tended to ...

Meenen, Jordan N

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Tax and Fee Payments by Motor-Vehicle Users for the Use of Highways, Fuels, and Vehicles: Report #17 in the series: The Annualized Social Cost of Motor-Vehicle Use in the United States, based on 1990-1991 Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and on lubricating oils motor-vehicle salesmen; selectivefor example motor vehicles, oil and gas properties, housethe Use of Persian-Gulf Oil for Motor Vehicles, Report #15

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Tax and Fee Payments by Motor-Vehicle Users for the Use of Highways, Fuels, and Vehicles: Report #17 in the series: The Annualized Social Cost of Motor-Vehicle Use in the United States, based on 1990-1991 Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

July (1996). Motor Vehicle Manufacturers Association of theaddition, some motor-vehicle manufacturers have been finedEPA charges motor-vehicle manufacturers to cover the cost of

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor vehicle emission" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Variable-reluctance motors for electric vehicle propulsion  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the design, operation, and expected performance of a 60-kW variable-reluctance motor and inverter-designed for electric vehicle propulsion. To substantiate the performance of this system, experimental data obtained with a prototype 3.8-kW motor and inverter are provided.

Vallese, F.J.; Lang, J.H.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Low Emission Vehicle Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards All new passenger vehicles, light-duty trucks, and medium-duty vehicles

123

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Retrofit Emissions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Alternative Fuel Alternative Fuel Vehicle Retrofit Emissions Inspection Process to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Retrofit Emissions Inspection Process on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Retrofit Emissions Inspection Process on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Retrofit Emissions Inspection Process on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Retrofit Emissions Inspection Process on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Retrofit Emissions Inspection Process on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Retrofit Emissions Inspection Process on AddThis.com...

124

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Low Emission Vehicle Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards The Connecticut Low Emission Vehicles II Program requires that all new

125

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle Standards  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Low Emission Vehicle Low Emission Vehicle Standards to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle Standards on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle Standards on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle Standards on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle Standards on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle Standards on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle Standards on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Low Emission Vehicle Standards New vehicles sold or offered for sale in Vermont must meet California emissions and compliance requirements in Title 13 of the California Code of

126

Emissions from ethanol and LPG fueled vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper addresses the environmental concerns of using neat ethanol and liquified petroleum gas (LPG) as transportation fuels in the US Low-level blends of ethanol (10%) with gasoline have been used as fuels in the US for more than a decade, but neat ethanol (85% or more) has only been used extensively in Brazil. LPG, which consists mostly of propane, is already used extensively as a vehicle fuel in the US, but its use has been limited primarily to converted fleet vehicles. Increasing US interest in alternative fuels has raised the possibility of introducing neat ethanol vehicles into the market and expanding the number of LPG vehicles. Use of such vehicles and increased production and consumption of fuel ethanol and LPG will undoubtedly have environmental impacts. If the impacts are determined to be severe, they could act as barriers to the introduction of neat ethanol and LPG vehicles. Environmental concerns include exhaust and evaporative emissions and their impact on ozone formation and global warming, toxic emissions from fuel combustion and evaporation, and agricultural emissions from production of ethanol. The paper is not intended to be judgmental regarding the overall attractiveness of ethanol or LPG compared to other transportation fuels. The environmental concerns are reviewed and summarized, but the only conclusion reached is that there is no single concern that is likely to prevent the introduction of neat ethanol fueled vehicles or the increase in LPG fueled vehicles.

Pitstick, M.E.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

127

Emissions from ethanol and LPG fueled vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper addresses the environmental concerns of using neat ethanol and liquified petroleum gas (LPG) as transportation fuels in the US Low-level blends of ethanol (10%) with gasoline have been used as fuels in the US for more than a decade, but neat ethanol (85% or more) has only been used extensively in Brazil. LPG, which consists mostly of propane, is already used extensively as a vehicle fuel in the US, but its use has been limited primarily to converted fleet vehicles. Increasing US interest in alternative fuels has raised the possibility of introducing neat ethanol vehicles into the market and expanding the number of LPG vehicles. Use of such vehicles and increased production and consumption of fuel ethanol and LPG will undoubtedly have environmental impacts. If the impacts are determined to be severe, they could act as barriers to the introduction of neat ethanol and LPG vehicles. Environmental concerns include exhaust and evaporative emissions and their impact on ozone formation and global warming, toxic emissions from fuel combustion and evaporation, and agricultural emissions from production of ethanol. The paper is not intended to be judgmental regarding the overall attractiveness of ethanol or LPG compared to other transportation fuels. The environmental concerns are reviewed and summarized, but the only conclusion reached is that there is no single concern that is likely to prevent the introduction of neat ethanol fueled vehicles or the increase in LPG fueled vehicles.

Pitstick, M.E.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Motor-Vehicle Infrastructure and Services Provided by the Public Sector: Report #7 in the series: The Annualized Social Cost of Motor-Vehicle Use in the United States, based on 1990-1991 Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

motor-vehicle parts, and motor-oil are recycled. Presumably,parts, motor fuels, or motor oil. I assume a range of 4-8%.relationship between motor-vehicle use and oil imports is

Delucchi, Mark; Murphy, James

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

MOTOR-VEHICLE INFRASTRUCTURE AND SERVICES PROVIDED BY THE PUBLIC SECTOR Report #7 in the series: The Annualized Social Cost of Motor-Vehicle Use in the United States, based on 1990-1991 Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

motor-vehicle parts, and motor-oil are recycled. Presumably,parts, motor fuels, or motor oil. I assume a range of 4-8%.relationship between motor-vehicle use and oil imports is

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Low Emission Vehicle Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards The Pennsylvania Clean Vehicles Program requires that all new passenger

131

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Low Emission Vehicle Low Emission Vehicle Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Low Emission Vehicle Requirement All Model Year (MY) 2007 and later heavy-duty vehicles sold, leased, or

132

Motor Vehicle Crash Fatalities and Injuries: An Analysis of the Relationship of Roadway, Driver, Vehicle Characteristics in Oregon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Motor Vehicle Crash Fatalities and Injuries: An Analysis of the Relationship of Roadway, Driver, Vehicle Characteristics in Oregon Motor Vehicle Crash Fatalities and Injuries: An Analysis,000 population among Oregon counties from 2000-2005 ranged from 6.64-211.17. In the event of a severe motor

Bertini, Robert L.

133

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Low Emission Vehicle Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards California's LEV II exhaust emissions standards apply to Model Year (MY)

134

Do Motor-Vehicle Users in the US Pay Their Way?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the sales taxes paid on motor-vehicles, gasoline and motor-as gasoline excise taxes, road tolls, and motor-vehiclegasoline tax (e.g. , Parry and Small, 2005), the incidence of federal and state motor-

Delucchi, Mark

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Vehicle Technologies Office: 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diesel Engine Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentations to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentations on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentations on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentations on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentations on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentations on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentations on

136

Hybrid Cascaded H-bridges Multilevel Motor Drive Control for Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hybrid Cascaded H-bridges Multilevel Motor Drive Control for Electric Vehicles Zhong Du1 , Leon M for electric/hybrid electric vehicles where each phase of a three-phase cascaded multilevel converter can vehicle motor drive applications and hybrid electric vehicle motor drive applications. Keywords: hybrid

Tolbert, Leon M.

137

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Low Emission Vehicle Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards Under the Oregon LEV Program, all new passenger cars, light-duty trucks,

138

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Low Emission Vehicle Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards The Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management has adopted

139

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Zero Emission Vehicle Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Tax Credit An income tax credit is available to individuals who purchase or lease a

140

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Low Emission Vehicle Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards The Massachusetts LEV Program requires all new passenger cars and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor vehicle emission" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Low Emission Vehicle Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards Under the Clean Cars Act of 2008, the Mayor of the District of Columbia

142

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emissions Vehicle (ZEV) Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Zero Emissions Vehicle Zero Emissions Vehicle (ZEV) Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emissions Vehicle (ZEV) Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emissions Vehicle (ZEV) Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emissions Vehicle (ZEV) Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emissions Vehicle (ZEV) Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emissions Vehicle (ZEV) Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emissions Vehicle (ZEV) Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Zero Emissions Vehicle (ZEV) Tax Exemption

143

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Promotion Plan  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Zero Emission Vehicle Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Promotion Plan to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Promotion Plan on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Promotion Plan on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Promotion Plan on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Promotion Plan on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Promotion Plan on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Promotion Plan on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Promotion Plan

144

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Low Emission Vehicle Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards Any new light-duty passenger car, light-duty truck, or medium-duty

145

Light-Duty Vehicle Program Emissions Results (Interim Results...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Procedure (FTP) emissions testing of flexible- fuel methanol, ethanol, and dedicated CNG vehicles from the U. S. Federal Fleet was completed in 1995. The vehicles tested in the...

146

Emission control cost-effectiveness of alternative-fuel vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Although various legislation and regulations have been adopted to promote the use of alternative-fuel vehicles for curbing urban air pollution problems, there is a lack of systematic comparisons of emission control cost-effectiveness among various alternative-fuel vehicle types. In this paper, life-cycle emission reductions and life-cycle costs were estimated for passenger cars fueled with methanol, ethanol, liquefied petroleum gas, compressed natural gas, and electricity. Vehicle emission estimates included both exhaust and evaporative emissions for air pollutants of hydrocarbon, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, and air-toxic pollutants of benzene, formaldehyde, 1,3-butadiene, and acetaldehyde. Vehicle life-cycle cost estimates accounted for vehicle purchase prices, vehicle life, fuel costs, and vehicle maintenance costs. Emission control cost-effectiveness presented in dollars per ton of emission reduction was calculated for each alternative-fuel vehicle types from the estimated vehicle life-cycle emission reductions and costs. Among various alternative-fuel vehicle types, compressed natural gas vehicles are the most cost-effective vehicle type in controlling vehicle emissions. Dedicated methanol vehicles are the next most cost-effective vehicle type. The cost-effectiveness of electric vehicles depends on improvements in electric vehicle battery technology. With low-cost, high-performance batteries, electric vehicles are more cost-effective than methanol, ethanol, and liquified petroleum gas vehicles.

Wang, Q. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Sperling, D.; Olmstead, J. [California Univ., Davis, CA (United States). Inst. of Transportation Studies

1993-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

147

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Emissions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Emissions to someone by E-mail Emissions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Emissions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Emissions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Emissions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Emissions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Emissions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Emissions on AddThis.com... More in this section... Natural Gas Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Conversions Emissions Maintenance & Safety Laws & Incentives Natural Gas Vehicle Emissions Natural gas burns cleaner than conventional gasoline or diesel due to its

148

Low cost, compact, and high efficiency traction motor for electric and hybrid electric vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A new motor drive, the switched reluctance motor drive, has been developed for hybrid-electric vehicles. The motor drive has been designed, built and tested in the test bed at a near vehicle scale. It has been shown that the switched reluctance motor drive is more suitable for traction application than any other motor drive.

Ehsani, Mark

2002-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

149

Vehicle Technologies Office: Directions in Engine-Efficiency and Emissions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Directions in Directions in Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (DEER) Conference to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Directions in Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (DEER) Conference on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Directions in Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (DEER) Conference on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Directions in Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (DEER) Conference on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Directions in Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (DEER) Conference on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Directions in Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (DEER) Conference on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Directions in

150

TAX AND FEE PAYMENTS BY MOTOR VEHICLE USERS FOR THE USE OF HIGHWAYS, FUELS, AND VEHICLES Report #17 in the series: The Annualized Social Cost of Motor-Vehicle Use in the United States, based on 1990-1991 Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

general sales taxes) on motor gasoline (EIA, State Energythe sales tax paid on motor-vehicles, gasoline and motor-Motor fuels: portions of federal gasoline and diesel-fuel tax

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle Emissions Reduction  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Heavy-Duty Vehicle Heavy-Duty Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Heavy-Duty Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants

152

Motor-Vehicle Infrastructure and Services Provided by the Public Sector: Report #7 in the series: The Annualized Social Cost of Motor-Vehicle Use in the United States, based on 1990-1991 Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Blincoe, The Economic Cost of Motor Vehicle Crashes, 1994,M. Faigin, The Economic Cost of Motor Vehicle Crashes, 1990,Q. Wang, and D. L. Greene, Motor Vehicle Fuel Economy, The

Delucchi, Mark; Murphy, James

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

MOTOR-VEHICLE INFRASTRUCTURE AND SERVICES PROVIDED BY THE PUBLIC SECTOR Report #7 in the series: The Annualized Social Cost of Motor-Vehicle Use in the United States, based on 1990-1991 Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Blincoe, The Economic Cost of Motor Vehicle Crashes, 1994,M. Faigin, The Economic Cost of Motor Vehicle Crashes, 1990,Q. Wang, and D. L. Greene, Motor Vehicle Fuel Economy, The

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

U. S. Military Expenditures to Protect the Use of Persian Gulf Oil for Motor Vehicles: Report #15 in the series: The Annualized Social Cost of Motor-Vehicle Use in the United States, based on 1990-1991 Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

defending: the use of oil by motor vehicles in the U. S. (THE USE OF PERSIAN-GULF OIL FOR MOTOR VEHICLES Report #15 inthe Use of Persian-Gulf Oil for Motor Vehicles (M. Delucchi

Delucchi, Mark; Murphy, James

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

How large are tax subsidies to motor-vehicle users in the US?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gasoline tax and with total user payments for government-provided motor-motor-vehicle use. In most states, gasoline is not subject to a general sales tax (

Delucchi, Mark; Murphy, James

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

ENERGY STAR Focus on Energy Efficiency in Motor Vehicle Manufacturing |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Motor Vehicle Motor Vehicle Manufacturing Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In this section Get started with ENERGY STAR Make the business case Build an energy management program Measure, track, and benchmark Tools for benchmarking energy management practices Tools for tracking and benchmarking facility energy performance ENERGY STAR Energy Performance Indicators for plants

157

Fatality and Injury Severity of Older Adult Motor Vehicle Collisions in Orange County, California, 1998-2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Report of Fatal and Injury Motor Vehicle Traffic Collisions.of state regulations on motor vehicle fatalities for youngerXIV, NO . 1 : February 2013 motor vehicle traffic crashes.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Cooperative Regulation of Emissions Using Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We exploit new types of vehicles, such as Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs), to control transport related emissions in urban environments. By appropriately choosing whether single power-split hybrid vehicles should be operated in fully electric ...

A. Schlote, F. Hausler, T. Hecker, A. Bergmann, E. Crisostomi, I. Radusch, R. Shorten

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Vehicle Technologies Office: Emission Control R&D  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Emission Control R&D to Emission Control R&D to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Emission Control R&D on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Emission Control R&D on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Emission Control R&D on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Emission Control R&D on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Emission Control R&D on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Emission Control R&D on AddThis.com... Just the Basics Hybrid & Vehicle Systems Energy Storage Advanced Power Electronics & Electrical Machines Advanced Combustion Engines Combustion Engines Emission Control Waste Heat Recovery Fuels & Lubricants Materials Technologies Emission Control R&D

160

Table 5.1. U.S. Number of Vehicles, Vehicle-Miles, Motor Fuel Consumption  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

. U.S. Number of Vehicles, Vehicle-Miles, Motor Fuel Consumption . U.S. Number of Vehicles, Vehicle-Miles, Motor Fuel Consumption and Expenditures, 1994 1993 Household and 1994 Vehicle Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Number of Vehicles Vehicle-Miles Traveled Motor Fuel Consumption Motor Fuel Expenditures RSE Row Factor: (million) (percent) (billion) (percent) (billion gallons) (gallon percent) (quadril- lion Btu) (billion dollars) (percent) 0.9 0.8 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.0 Household Characteristics Total .................................................... 156.8 100.0 1,793 100.0 90.6 100.0 11.2 104.7 100.0 2.8 Census Region and Division Northeast ........................................... 26.6 17.0 299 16.7 14.5 16.0 1.8 17.2 16.4 5.7 New England ................................... 7.6 4.8 84 4.7 4.1 4.5 0.5 4.8 4.6 13.8 Middle Atlantic

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor vehicle emission" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Improving Costs and Efficiency of PEM Fuel Cell Vehicles by ...  

Fuel cell vehicles have the potential to reduce our dependence on foreign oil and lower emissions. Running the vehicles motor on hydrogen rather than gasoline ...

162

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Zero Emission Vehicle Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

163

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Support for Low Emission Vehicles  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Support for Low Support for Low Emission Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Support for Low Emission Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Support for Low Emission Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Support for Low Emission Vehicles on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Support for Low Emission Vehicles on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Support for Low Emission Vehicles on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Support for Low Emission Vehicles on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Support for Low Emission Vehicles The New Jersey legislature urges the United States Congress and President

164

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Zero Emission Vehicle Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

165

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Sales Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Low Emission Vehicle Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Sales Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Sales Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Sales Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Sales Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Sales Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Sales Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Sales Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

166

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Emissions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Vehicle (AFV) Emissions Inspection Exemption to someone by E-mail Vehicle (AFV) Emissions Inspection Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Emissions Inspection Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Emissions Inspection Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Emissions Inspection Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Emissions Inspection Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Emissions Inspection Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Emissions Inspection Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section...

167

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Zero Emission Vehicle Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

168

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Zero Emission Vehicle Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

169

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Zero Emission Vehicle Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

170

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Production  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Zero Emission Vehicle Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Production Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Production Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Production Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Production Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Production Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Production Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Production Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

171

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Zero Emission Vehicle Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

172

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Zero Emission Vehicle Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

173

AUTHORIZATION TO OBTAIN DRIVING RECORDS FROM THE DEPARTMENT OF MOTOR VEHICLES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AUTHORIZATION TO OBTAIN DRIVING RECORDS FROM THE DEPARTMENT OF MOTOR VEHICLES (INF 254) Section necessary driver and motor vehicle record data to support this status check. X (Employee Signature) (Date

de Lijser, Peter

174

Demonstrating Ultra-Low Diesel Vehicle Emissions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Evaluate performance of near-term exhaust emissions control technologies on a modern diesel vehicle over transient drive cycles; Phase 1: Independent (separate) evaluations of engine-out, OEM catalysts, CDPF, and NOx adsorber (Completed March 2000); Phase 2: Combine NOx adsorber and CDPF to evaluate/demonstrate simultaneous reduction of NOx and PM (Underway--interim results available); Establish potential for these technologies to help CIDI engines meet emission reduction targets; and Investigate short-term effects of fuel sulfur on emissions performance

McGill, R.N.

2000-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

175

A Statistical Model of Vehicle Emissions and Fuel Consumption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A number of vehicle emission models are overly simple, such as static speed-dependent models widely used in

Cappiello, Alessandra

2002-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

176

Overview of China's Vehicle Emission Control Program: Past Successes...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vehicle Emission Control Program: Past Successes and Future Prospects Focus Area: Propane Topics: Socio-Economic Website: theicct.orgsitesdefaultfilespublications...

177

Methanol fuel vehicle demonstration: Exhaust emission testing. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Ford Motor Company converted four stock 1986 Ford Crown Victoria sedans to methanol flexible fuel vehicles (FFVs). During 143,108 operational miles from 1987 to 1990, the FFVs underwent more than 300 dynamometer driving tests to measure exhaust emissions, catalytic activity, fuel economy, acceleration, and driveability with gasoline and methanol blend fuels. Dynamometer driving tests included the Federal Test Procedure (FTP), the Highway Fuel Economy Test, and the New York City Cycle. Exhaust emission measurements included carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}), non- oxygenated hydrocarbons, organic material hydrocarbon equivalent (OMHCE), formaldehyde, and methanol. Catalytic activity was based on exhaust emissions data from active and inactive catalysts. OMHCE, CO, and NO{sub x} were usually lower with M85 (85% methanol, 15% gasoline) than with gasoline for both active and inactive catalysts when initial engine and catalyst temperatures were at or near normal operating temperatures. CO was higher with M85 than with gasoline when initial engine and catalyst temperatures were at or near ambient temperature. Formaldehyde and methanol were higher with M85. Active catalyst FTP OMHCE, CO, and NO{sub x} increased as vehicle mileage increased, but increased less with M85 than with gasoline. Energy based fuel economy remained almost constant with changes in fuel composition and vehicle mileage.

Hyde, J.D. [New York State Dept. of Environmental Conservation, Albany, NY (US). Automotive Emissions Lab.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Vehicle Technologies Office: 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency and Emissions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 Diesel 7 Diesel Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (DEER) Conference Presentations to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (DEER) Conference Presentations on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (DEER) Conference Presentations on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (DEER) Conference Presentations on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (DEER) Conference Presentations on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (DEER) Conference Presentations on Digg

179

Vehicle Technologies Office: 2008 Diesel Engine-Efficiency and Emissions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 Diesel 8 Diesel Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (DEER) Conference Presentations to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: 2008 Diesel Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (DEER) Conference Presentations on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: 2008 Diesel Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (DEER) Conference Presentations on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: 2008 Diesel Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (DEER) Conference Presentations on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: 2008 Diesel Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (DEER) Conference Presentations on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: 2008 Diesel Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (DEER) Conference Presentations on Digg

180

On-road remote sensing of vehicle emissions in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On-road remote sensing of vehicle emissions in the Auckland Region August 2003 Technical 1877353000 www.arc.govt.nz #12;TP 198 On-Road Remote Sensing of Vehicle Emissions in the Auckland Region #12;Page i TP 198 On-Road Remote Sensing of Vehicle Emissions in the Auckland Region On-road remote sensing

Denver, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor vehicle emission" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Chemiion evolution in motor vehicle exhaust: Further evidence of its role in nanoparticle formation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chemiion evolution in motor vehicle exhaust: Further evidence of its role in nanoparticle formation of the nanoparticles in motor vehicle exhaust. INDEX TERMS: 0305 Atmospheric Composition and Structure: Aerosols [2001] found that total number of NPs formed in motor vehicle exhaust is very sensitive to CI

Yu, Fangqun

182

Saving Fuel, Reducing Emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lower greenhouse gas emissions from electricity productionAssessment of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Plug-in Hybridof national greenhouse gas emissions. Both motor vehicle

Kammen, Daniel M.; Arons, Samuel M.; Lemoine, Derek M.; Hummel, Holmes

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

The California Zero-Emission Vehicle Mandate: A Study of the Policy Process, 1990-2004  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hybrid electric vehicles (that fell in the category of advanced-technology partial zero emission vehicles

Collantes, Gustavo O

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Airport Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) and  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Airport Zero Emission Airport Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) and Infrastructure Incentives to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Airport Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) and Infrastructure Incentives on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Airport Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) and Infrastructure Incentives on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Airport Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) and Infrastructure Incentives on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Airport Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) and Infrastructure Incentives on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Airport Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) and Infrastructure Incentives on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Airport Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) and Infrastructure Incentives on AddThis.com...

185

THE ALLOCATION OF THE SOCIAL COSTS OF MOTOR-VEHICLE USE TO SIX CLASSES OF MOTOR VEHICLES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-3), on the assumption that consumption of oil and lubricating greases is proportional to fuel consumption. SIC 3011 diameter PMT = person-miles of travel RECS = Residential Energy Consumption Survey SIC = standard Lubricating oils and grease Tires and inner tubes Primary metals Automotive stampings ** Motor vehicles

Delucchi, Mark

186

Design of Electric Vehicles DC Traction Motor Drive System Based on Optimal Control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The traditional electric vehicle DC motor drive system can not automatically weaken magnetic field. This paper designs DC motor drive system which control optimally the motor to meet the requirement. The study results show that: the drive system can ... Keywords: electric vehicles, DC motor, controller, optimal control

Yan Jun

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Table 2.8 Motor Vehicle Mileage, Fuel Consumption, and Fuel ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table 2.8 Motor Vehicle Mileage, Fuel Consumption, and Fuel Economy, 1949-2010: Year: Light-Duty Vehicles, Short Wheelbase 1: Light-Duty Vehicles, Long Wheelbase 2:

188

The California Zero-Emission Vehicle Mandate: A Study of the Policy Process, 1990-2004  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ZEV program, the vehicle manufacturers did not believe thatof fuel-cell vehicles: manufacturers would produce theirHonda Motor Vehicle Manufacturers Association Mercedes Benz

Collantes, Gustavo O

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle Emissions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Hydrogen Hydrogen Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle Emissions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle Emissions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle Emissions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle Emissions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle Emissions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle Emissions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle Emissions on AddThis.com... More in this section... Hydrogen Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations

190

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle Incentives and  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Low Emission Vehicle Low Emission Vehicle Incentives and Technical Training - San Joaquin Valley to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle Incentives and Technical Training - San Joaquin Valley on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle Incentives and Technical Training - San Joaquin Valley on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle Incentives and Technical Training - San Joaquin Valley on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle Incentives and Technical Training - San Joaquin Valley on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle Incentives and Technical Training - San Joaquin Valley on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low

191

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicles Lower Emissions in  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Alternative Fuel Alternative Fuel Vehicles Lower Emissions in Columbus, Ohio to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicles Lower Emissions in Columbus, Ohio on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicles Lower Emissions in Columbus, Ohio on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicles Lower Emissions in Columbus, Ohio on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicles Lower Emissions in Columbus, Ohio on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicles Lower Emissions in Columbus, Ohio on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicles Lower Emissions in Columbus, Ohio on AddThis.com...

192

Using Vehicle Taxes to Reduce Carbon Dioxide Emissions Rates of New Passenger Vehicles: Evidence from France, Germany, and Sweden  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

France, Germany, and Sweden link vehicle taxes to the carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions rates of passenger vehicles. Based on new vehicle registration data from 20052010, a vehicles tax is negatively correlated with its ...

Klier, Thomas

193

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Emissions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Emissions Test Requirement to someone by E-mail Emissions Test Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Emissions Test Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Emissions Test Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Emissions Test Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Emissions Test Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Emissions Test Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Emissions Test Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

194

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Emissions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Emissions Inspection Exemption to someone by E-mail Emissions Inspection Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Emissions Inspection Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Emissions Inspection Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Emissions Inspection Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Emissions Inspection Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Emissions Inspection Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Emissions Inspection Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section...

195

Particulate Measurements and Emissions Characterization of Alternative Fuel Vehicle Exhaust  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this project was to measure and characterize particulate emissions from light-duty alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) and equivalent gasoline-fueled vehicles. The project included emission testing of a fleet of 129 gasoline-fueled vehicles and 19 diesel vehicles. Particulate measurements were obtained over Federal Test Procedure and US06 cycles. Chemical characterization of the exhaust particulate was also performed. Overall, the particulate emissions from modern technology compressed natural gas and methanol vehicles were low, but were still comparable to those of similar technology gasoline vehicles.

Durbin, T. D.; Truex, T. J.; Norbeck, J. M. (Center for Environmental Research and Technology College of Engineering, University of California - Riverside, California)

1998-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

196

Method for controlling a motor vehicle powertrain  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A multiple forward speed automatic transmission produces its lowest forward speed ratio when a hydraulic clutch and hydraulic brake are disengaged and a one-way clutch connects a ring gear to the transmission casing. Second forward speed ratio results when the hydraulic clutch is engaged to connect the ring gear to the planetary carrier of a second gear set. Reverse drive and regenerative operation result when an hydraulic brake fixes the planetary and the direction of power flow is reversed. Various sensors produce signals representing the position of the gear selector lever operated manually by the vehicle operator, the speed of the power source, the state of the ignition key, and the rate of release of an accelerator pedal. A control algorithm produces input data representing a commanded upshift, a commanded downshift and a torque command and various constant torque signals. A microprocessor processes the input and produces a response to them in accordance with the execution of a control algorithm. Output or response signals cause selective engagement and disengagement of the clutch and brake to produce the forward drive, reverse and regenerative operation of the transmission.

Burba, Joseph C. (Ypsilanti, MI); Landman, Ronald G. (Ypsilanti, MI); Patil, Prabhakar B. (Detroit, MI); Reitz, Graydon A. (Farmington Hills, MI)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Method for controlling a motor vehicle powertrain  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A multiple forward speed automatic transmission produces its lowest forward speed ratio when a hydraulic clutch and hydraulic brake are disengaged and a one-way clutch connects a ring gear to the transmission casing. Second forward speed ratio results when the hydraulic clutch is engaged to connect the ring gear to the planetary carrier of a second gear set. Reverse drive and regenerative operation result when an hydraulic brake fixes the planetary and the direction of power flow is reversed. Various sensors produce signals representing the position of the gear selector lever operated manually by the vehicle operator, the speed of the power source, the state of the ignition key, and the rate of release of an accelerator pedal. A control algorithm produces input data representing a commanded upshift, a commanded downshift and a torque command and various constant torque signals. A microprocessor processes the input and produces a response to them in accordance with the execution of a control algorithm. Output or response signals cause selective engagement and disengagement of the clutch and brake to produce the forward drive, reverse and regenerative operation of the transmission. 7 figs.

Burba, J.C.; Landman, R.G.; Patil, P.B.; Reitz, G.A.

1990-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

198

Impact of Vehicle Air-Conditioning on Fuel Economy, Tailpipe Emissions, and Electric Vehicle Range: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Vehicle air-conditioning can significantly impact fuel economy and tailpipe emissions of conventional and hybrid electric vehicles and reduce electric vehicle range. In addition, a new US emissions procedure, called the Supplemental Federal Test Procedure, has provided the motivation for reducing the size of vehicle air-conditioning systems in the US. The SFTP will measure tailpipe emissions with the air-conditioning system operating. Current air-conditioning systems can reduce the fuel economy of high fuel-economy vehicles by about 50% and reduce the fuel economy of today's mid-sized vehicles by more than 20% while increasing NOx by nearly 80% and CO by 70%.

Farrington, R.; Rugh, J.

2000-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

199

Impacts of Motor Vehicle Operation on Water Quality in the United States - Clean-up Costs and Policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Environmental externalities of motor-vehicle use in the US.Gasoline Cd Co Cr Cu Fe Mn Ni Motor Oil & Grease Antifreezecan often be traced to motor vehicle sources. According to

Nixon, Hilary; Saphores, Jean-Daniel

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

The origin of Californias zero emission vehicle mandate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

industry in California, combined to make the idea of mandating (electric) zero emission vehiclesIndustry felt that CARB had not seriously addressed the question of the commercial viability of electric vehicles.

Sperling, Dan; Collantes, Gustavo O

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor vehicle emission" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

California's Zero-Emission Vehicle Mandate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in a Shared Electric Vehicle Program. In Transporta- tionadvanced technologies and electric vehicles i n Japan. Earlysur vey. Nearly 50 electric vehicles were used, including

Shaheen, Susan

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

US military expenditures to protect the use of Persian Gulf oil for motor vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

US military expenditures to protect the use of Persian Gulf oil for motor vehicles Mark A. Delucchi 2008 Keywords: Oil importing cost Motor fuel social cost Energy security cost a b s t r a c t Analyses of the full social cost of motor vehicle use in the US often estimate an ``oil import premium'' that includes

Murphy, James J.

203

Black Carbon Concentrations and Diesel Vehicle Emission Factors...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Black Carbon Concentrations and Diesel Vehicle Emission Factors Derived from Coefficient of Haze Measurements in California: 1967-2003 Title Black Carbon Concentrations and Diesel...

204

Vehicle Technologies Office: Emission Control R&D  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Control R&D The Vehicle Technologies Office (VTO) supports research and development of aftertreatment technologies to control advanced combustion engine exhaust emissions. All...

205

Vehicle Technologies Office: 2005 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

391 KB) Lung Toxicity and Mutagenicity of Emissions from Heavy-Duty Compressed Natural Gas (CNG)-Powered Vehicles Joe Mauderly Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute (PDF 325...

206

A design for improved performance of interior permanent magnet synchronous motor for hybrid electric vehicle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates the layout of a magnet shape on the performance of an interior permanent magnet (IPM) synchronous motor. The motor is used in a hybrid electric vehicle. The IPM motor is a pancake shaped motor that has permanent magnets inside the rotor. The motor acts as a rotational electrodynamic machine between the engine and transmission. The main purpose of redesigning the shape of the magnet is to improve the motor performance

Seong Yeop Lim

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Vehicle Technologies Office: Emission Control R&D  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Emission Control R&D Emission Control R&D The Vehicle Technologies Office (VTO) supports research and development of aftertreatment technologies to control advanced combustion engine exhaust emissions. All engines that enter the vehicle market must comply with the Environmental Protection Agency's emissions regulations. Harmful pollutants in these emissions include: Carbon monoxide Nitrogen oxides Unburned hydrocarbons Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) Particulate matter The energy required for emission control often reduces vehicle fuel economy and increases vehicle cost. VTO's Emission Control R&D focuses on developing efficient, durable, low-cost emission control systems that complement new combustion strategies while minimizing efficiency losses. VTO often leverages the national laboratories' unique capabilities and facilities to conduct this research.

208

Gas Mileage of 1984 Vehicles by Bill Dovell Motor Car Company  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 Bill Dovell Motor Car Company Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1984 Bill Dovell Motor Car Company Dovell 230CE 4 cyl, 2.3 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1984...

209

Gas Mileage of 1985 Vehicles by Bill Dovell Motor Car Company  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 Bill Dovell Motor Car Company Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1985 Bill Dovell Motor Car Company Dovell 230CE 4 cyl, 2.3 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1985...

210

Figure 1.8 Motor Vehicle Fuel Economy, 1973-2011 (Miles per Gallon)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Figure 1.8 Motor Vehicle Fuel Economy, 1973-2011 (Miles per Gallon) U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review August 2013 17

211

Vehicle Yaw Control Utilizing Hybrid Electric Drivetrains with Multiple Electric Motors.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Vehicles with multiple electric motors coupled to individual wheels have excitingopportunities for safety control systems. An investigation is conducted to determine whatdynamic benefits can be (more)

D'Iorio, James

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Tax and Fee Payments by Motor-Vehicle Users for the Use of Highways, Fuels, and Vehicles: Report #17 in the series: The Annualized Social Cost of Motor-Vehicle Use in the United States, based on 1990-1991 Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the sales tax paid on motor-vehicles, gasoline and motor-as gasoline excise taxes, road tolls, and motor- vehicleMotor fuels: portions of federal gasoline and diesel-fuel tax

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Application of positive matrix factorization to on-road measurements for source apportionment of diesel- and gasoline-powered vehicle emissions in Mexico City  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The goal of this research is to quantify diesel- and gasoline-powered motor vehicle emissions within the Mexico City Metropolitan Area (MCMA) using on-road measurements captured by a mobile laboratory combined with positive ...

Thornhill, D. A.

214

Fuel savings and emissions reductions from light duty fuel cell vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) operate efficiently, emit few pollutants, and run on nonpetroleum fuels. Because of these characteristics, the large-scale deployment of FCVs has the potential to lessen US dependence on foreign oil and improve air quality. This study characterizes the benefits of large-scale FCV deployment in the light duty vehicle market. Specifically, the study assesses the potential fuel savings and emissions reductions resulting from large-scale use of these FCVs and identifies the key parameters that affect the scope of the benefits from FCV use. The analysis scenario assumes that FCVs will compete with gasoline-powered light trucks and cars in the new vehicle market for replacement of retired vehicles and will compete for growth in the total market. Analysts concluded that the potential benefits from FCVs, measured in terms of consumer outlays for motor fuel and the value of reduced air emissions, are substantial.

Mark, J.; Ohi, J.M.; Hudson, D.V. Jr.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Fuel and emission impacts of heavy hybrid vehicles.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Hybrid powertrains for certain heavy vehicles may improve fuel economy and reduce emissions. Of particular interest are commercial vehicles, typically in Classes 3-6, that travel in urban areas. Hybrid strategies and associated energy/emissions benefits for these classes of vehicles could be significantly different from those for passenger cars. A preliminary analysis has been conducted to investigate the energy and emissions performance of Class 3 and 6 medium-duty trucks and Class 6 school buses under eight different test cycles. Three elements are associated with this analysis: (1) establish baseline fuel consumption and emission scenario's from selected, representative baseline vehicles and driving schedules; (2) identify sources of energy inefficiency from baseline technology vehicles; and (3) assess maximum and practical potentials for energy savings and emissions reductions associated with heavy vehicle hybridization under real-world driving conditions. Our analysis excludes efficiency gains associated with such other measures as vehicle weight reduction and air resistance reduction, because such measures would also benefit conventional technology vehicles. Our research indicates that fuel economy and emission benefits of hybridization can be very sensitive to different test cycles. We conclude that, on the basis of present-day technology, the potential fuel economy gains average about 60-75% for Class 3 medium-duty trucks and 35% for Class 6 school buses. The fuel economy gains can be higher in the future, as hybrid technology continues to improve. The practical emissions reduction potentials associated with vehicle hybridization are significant as well.

An, F.; Eberhardt, J. J.; Stodolsky, F.

1999-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

216

Harmful Exhaust Emissions Monitoring of Road Vehicle Engine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Road vehicle improve the quality of people's life, however harmful vehicle exhaust emissions, such as carbon monoxide (CO), nitric oxide (NO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), hydrocarbon (HC), and sulphur dioxide (SO2), have become more and more unacceptable ... Keywords: optic absorption spectroscopy based gas sensor, harmful exhaust emission monitoring, engine vibration

Chuliang Wei; Zhemin Zhuang; H. Ewald; A. I. Al-Shamma'a

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

National Center for Vehicle Emissions Control and Safety  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

National Center for Vehicle Emissions Control and Safety Emissions-related research and outreach Sensing · Federal Test Procedures Laboratory · Light Duty Vehicles Capability · Engineering studies for kit & parts manufacturers · After-market devices and fuel additives testing · Testing of international

218

TAX AND FEE PAYMENTS BY MOTOR VEHICLE USERS FOR THE USE OF HIGHWAYS, FUELS, AND VEHICLES Report #17 in the series: The Annualized Social Cost of Motor-Vehicle Use in the United States, based on 1990-1991 Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Motor Vehicles, Albany, New York, personal communication,the Justice Court Fund, Albany, New York, data transmittal,of Accounting Operations, Albany, New York (1992). D. M.

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Study Pinpoints Sources of Polluting Vehicle Emissions (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Unburned lubricant produces 60%-90% of organic carbon emissions. While diesel fuel is often viewed as the most polluting of conventional petroleum-based fuels, emissions from gasoline engines can more significantly degrade air quality. Gasoline exhaust is at least as toxic on a per-unit-mass basis as diesel exhaust, and contributes up to 10 times more particulate matter (PM) to the emission inventory. Because emissions from both fuels can gravely impact health and the environment, researchers at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) launched a study to understand how these pollutants relate to fuels, lubricants, and engine operating conditions. NREL's Collaborative Lubricating Oil Study on Emissions (CLOSE) project tested a variety of vehicles over different drive cycles at moderate (72 F) and cold (20 F) temperatures. Testing included: (1) Normal and high-emitting light-, medium-, and heavy-duty vehicles; (2) Gasoline, diesel, and compressed natural gas (CNG)-powered vehicles; (3) New and aged lubricants representative of those currently on the market; and (4) Gasoline containing no ethanol, E10, Texas-mandated low-emission diesel fuel, biodiesel, and CNG. The study confirmed that normally functioning emission control systems for gasoline light-duty vehicles are very effective at controlling organic carbon (OC) emissions. Diesel vehicles without aftertreatment emission control systems exhibited OC emissions approximately one order of magnitude higher than gasoline vehicles. High-emitter gasoline vehicles produced OC emissions similar to diesel vehicles without exhaust aftertreatment emission control. Exhaust catalysts combusted or converted more than 75% of lubricating oil components in the exhaust gases. Unburned crankcase lubricant made up 60%-90% of OC emissions. This OC represented 20%-50% of emitted PM in all but two of the vehicles. Three-way catalysts proved effective at reducing most of the OC. With high PM emitters or vehicles with deteriorated aftertreatment, high-molecular-weight fuel components and unburned lubricant were emitted at higher rates than in vehicles in good repair, with functioning emissions systems. Light-duty gasoline, medium-duty diesel, and heavy-duty natural gas vehicles produced more particles with fresh oil than with aged oil. The opposite trend was observed in light- and medium-duty high PM emitters. This effect was not readily apparent with heavy-duty diesel vehicles, perhaps because the lubricant represented a much smaller fraction of the total PM in those trucks.

Not Available

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

The Annualized Social Cost of Motor-Vehicle Use in the U.S., 1990-1991: Summary of Theory, Data, Methods, and Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Use of Persian-Gulf Oil for Motor Vehicles (M. Delucchirunoff polluted by oil from motor vehicles, and pollutionuse of Persian-Gulf oil by motor vehicles B, D Annualized

Delucchi, Mark A.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor vehicle emission" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Tax and Fee Payments by Motor-Vehicle Users for the Use of Highways, Fuels, and Vehicles: Report #17 in the series: The Annualized Social Cost of Motor-Vehicle Use in the United States, based on 1990-1991 Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Enhancement Through Increased Motor-Fuel Tax Enforcement,1976). L. R. Moran, Motor Vehicles, Model Year 1991,Commercial and Industrialb Motor vehiclesc (AVMV USA,Yr )

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Evaluate Greenhouse Gas Emissions Profile for Vehicles and Mobile Equipment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vehicles and Mobile Vehicles and Mobile Equipment Evaluate Greenhouse Gas Emissions Profile for Vehicles and Mobile Equipment October 7, 2013 - 11:32am Addthis YOU ARE HERE Step 2 To gain a good understanding of a Federal agency's Scope 1 vehicle and mobile equipment greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, the agency must first collect the necessary data to profile any emissions sources then analyze the data in a way that will clarify the most viable strategies and alternatives. Emissions cannot be managed until they are measured. Through the use of fleet/vehicle management information systems, as well as reporting to the Federal Energy Management Program and General Services Administration, agencies are increasingly collecting and documenting useful data elements at the headquarters-and sometimes at specific site -levels.

223

U.S. Military Expenditures to Protect the Use of Persian-Gulf Oil For Motor Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE USE OF PERSIAN-GULF OIL FOR MOTOR VEHICLES Report #15 inTO PROTECT THE USE OF PERSIAN-GULF OIL FOR MOTORTHE USE OF PERSIAN-GULF OIL FOR MOTOR VEHICLES 15.1 UNITED

Delucchi, Mark A.; Murphy, James

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

NREL: Vehicle Ancillary Loads Reduction - Air Conditioning and Emissions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Conditioning and Emissions Conditioning and Emissions Air conditioning and indirect emissions go together in the sense that when a vehicle's air conditioning system is in use, fuel economy declines. When more petroleum fuel is burned, more pollution and greenhouse gases are emitted. An additional, "direct" source of greenhouse gas emissions is the refrigerant used in air conditioning. Called HFC-134a, this pressurized gas tends to seep through tiny openings and escapes into the atmosphere. It can also escape during routine service procedures such as system recharging. NREL's Vehicle Ancillary Loads Reduction team applied its vehicle systems modeling expertise in a study to predict fuel consumption and indirect emissions resulting from the use of vehicle air conditioning. The analysis

225

A Power Presizing Methodology for Electric Vehicle Traction Motors Bekheira Tabbache1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

= Vehicle base speed; Vcr = Vehicle cruising speed; = Grade angle; Pv = Vehicle driving power; Fw = Road for the most appropriate electric propulsion system. In this case, key features are efficiency, reliability manuscript, published in "International Review on Modelling and Simulations 6, 1 (2013) 29-32" #12;motor type

Brest, Université de

226

Testing hybrid electric vehicle emissions and fuel economy at the 1994 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Challenge  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

From June 12--20, 1994, an engineering design competition called the 1994 Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Challenge was held in Southfield, Michigan. This collegiate-level competition, which involved 36 colleges and universities from across North America, challenged the teams to build a superior HEV. One component of this comprehensive competition was the emissions event. Special HEV testing procedures were developed for the competition to find vehicle emissions and correct for battery state-of-charge while fitting into event time constraints. Although there were some problems with a newly-developed data acquisition system, they were able to get a full profile of the best performing vehicles as well as other vehicles that represent typical levels of performance from the rest of the field. This paper will explain the novel test procedures, present the emissions and fuel economy results, and provide analysis of second-by-second data for several vehicles.

Duoba, M.; Quong, S.; LeBlanc, N.; Larsen, R.P.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Estimation of Vehicular Emissions by Capturing Traffic Variations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

J. , Ross, M. , 1996a. Modal Emissions Modeling: A PhysicalInstantaneous Pollutant Emissions. The Science of the TotalLoad on Motor Vehicle Emissions. Environmental Science &

Nesamani, K S; Chu, L Y; McNally, Michael G.; Jayakrishnan, R.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Impact of Heavy Duty Vehicle Emissions Reductions on Global Climate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impact of a specified set of emissions reductions from heavy duty vehicles on climate change is calculated using the MAGICC 5.3 climate model. The integrated impact of the following emissions changes are considered: CO2, CH4, N2O, VOC, NOx, and SO2. This brief summarizes the assumptions and methods used for this calculation.

Calvin, Katherine V.; Thomson, Allison M.

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Total energy cycle emissions and energy use of electric vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of this project is to provide estimates of changes in life cycle energy use and emissions that would occur with the introduction of EVs. The topics covered include a synopsis of the methodology used in the project, stages in the EV and conventional vehicle energy cycles, characterization of EVs by type and driving cycle, load analysis and capacity of the electric utility, analysis of the materials used for vehicle and battery, description of the total energy cycle analysis model, energy cycle primary energy resource consumption, greenhouse gas emissions, energy cycle emissions, and conclusions.

Singh, M.

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

230

California's Zero-Emission Vehicle Mandate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

E V s ) such as compressed natural gas, gas-electric hybrid,e.g. , electric, compressed natural gas, and hybridP Z E V (e.g. , compressed natural gas vehicles and hybrids)

Shaheen, Susan

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

US military expenditures to protect the use of Persian Gulf oil for motor vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

war (which Ravenal estimates cost $1050 billion in 1991of motor vehicle estimate total costs), and because one mustand deaths), and estimate the economic cost of the Iraq War

Delucchi, Mark; Murphy, James

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

The Built Environment and Motor Vehicle Ownership and Use: Evidence from Santiago de Chile  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper examines the relationships between the built environmentboth neighborhood design characteristics and relative locationand motor vehicle ownership and use in a rapidly motorising, developing city context, ...

Zegras, P. Christopher

233

MOBILE6 Vehicle Emission Modeling Software | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MOBILE6 Vehicle Emission Modeling Software MOBILE6 Vehicle Emission Modeling Software Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: MOBILE6 Agency/Company /Organization: United States Environmental Protection Agency Sector: Energy Focus Area: Transportation Topics: GHG inventory Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: www.epa.gov/oms/m6.htm Cost: Free References: http://www.epa.gov/oms/m6.htm MOBILE6 is an emission factor model for predicting gram per mile emissions of Hydrocarbons (HC), Carbon Monoxide (CO), Nitrogen Oxides (NOx), Carbon Dioxide (CO2), Particulate Matter (PM), and toxics from cars, trucks, and motorcycles under various conditions. MOBILE6 is an emission factor model for predicting gram per mile emissions of Hydrocarbons (HC), Carbon Monoxide (CO), Nitrogen Oxides (NOx), Carbon

234

CleanFleet. Final report: Volume 7, vehicle emissions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Measurements of exhaust and evaporative emissions from Clean Fleet vans running on M-85, compressed natural gas (CNG), California Phase 2 reformulated gasoline (RFG), propane gas, and a control gasoline (RF-A) are presented. Three vans from each combination of vehicle manufacturer and fuel were tested at the California Air Resources Board (ARB) as they accumulated mileage in the demonstration. Data are presented on regulated emissions, ozone precursors, air toxics, and greenhouse gases. The emissions tests provide information on in-use emissions. That is, the vans were taken directly from daily commercial service and tested at the ARB. The differences in alternative fuel technology provide the basis for a range of technology options. The emissions data reflect these differences, with classes of vehicle/fuels producing either more or less emissions for various compounds relative to the control gasoline.

NONE

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Emissions from ethanol- and LPG-fueled vehicles  

SciTech Connect

This paper addresses the environmental concerns of using neat ethanol and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) as transportation fuels in the United States. Low-level blends of ethanol (10%) with gasoline have been used as fuels in the United States for more than a decade, but neat ethanol (85% or more) has only been used extensively in Brazil. LPG, which consists mostly of propane, is already used extensively as a vehicle fuel in the United States, but its use has been limited primarily to converted fleet vehicles. Increasing U.S. interest in alternative fuels has raised the possibility of introducing neat-ethanol vehicles into the market and expanding the number of LPG vehicles. Use of such vehicles, and increased production and consumption of fuel ethanol and LPG, will undoubtedly have environmental impacts. If the impacts are determined to be severe, they could act as barriers to the introduction of neat-ethanol and LPG vehicles. Environmental concerns include exhaust and evaporative emissions and their impact on ozone formation and global warming, toxic emissions from fuel combustion and evaporation, and agricultural impacts from production of ethanol. The paper is not intended to be judgmental regarding the overall attractiveness of ethanol or LPG as compared with other transportation fuels. The environmental concerns are reviewed and summarized, but only conclusion reached is that there is no single concern that is likely to prevent the introduction of neat-ethanol-fueled vehicles or the increase in LPG-fueled vehicles.

Pitstick, M.E.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Profile of motor-vehicle fleets in Atlanta 1994. Assessing the market for alternative-fuel vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document reports the results of the EIA survey of motorvehicle fleets, both private and municipal, in Atlanta. These data should be useful to those whose goal is to assist or participate in the early development of alternative-fuel vehicle markets. The data also should be useful to persons implementing motor-vehicle-related clean air programs or analyzing transportation energy use. Persons in the petroleum industry will find useful information regarding conventional fuels and the fuel-purchasing behavior of fleets.

NONE

1995-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

237

HEAVY-DUTY VEHICLE IN USE EMISSION PERFORMANCE  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Engines for heavy-duty vehicles are emission certified by running engines according to specified load pattern or duty cycle. In the US, the US Heavy-Duty Transient cycle has been in use already for a number of years, and Europe is, according to the requirements of the Directive 1999/96/EC gradually switching to transient-type testing. Evaluating the in-use emission performance of heavy-duty vehicles presents a problem. Taking engines out of vehicles for engine dynamometer testing is difficult and costly. In addition, engine dynamometer testing does not take into account the properties of the vehicle itself (i.e. mass, transmission etc.). It is also debatable, how well the standardized duty cycles reflect real-life -driving patterns. VTT Processes has recently commissioned a new emission laboratory for heavy-duty vehicles. The facility comprises both engine test stand and a fully transient heavy-duty chassis dynamometer. The roller diameter of the dynamometer is 2.5 meters. Regulated emissions are measured using a full-flow CVS system. The HD vehicle chassis dynamometer measurements (emissions, fuel consumption) has been granted accreditation by the Centre of Metrology and Accreditation (MIKES, Finland). A national program to generate emission data on buses has been set up for the years 2002-2004. The target is to generate emission factors for some 50 different buses representing different degree of sophistication (Euro 1 to Euro5/EEV, with and without exhaust gas aftertreatment), different fuel technologies (diesel, natural gas) and different ages (the effect of aging). The work is funded by the Metropolitan Council of Helsinki, Helsinki City Transport, The Ministry of Transport and Communications Finland and the gas company Gasum Oy. The International Association for Natural Gas Vehicles (IANGV) has opted to buy into the project. For IANGV, VTT will deliver comprehensive emission data (including particle size distribution and chemical and biological characterization of particles) for up-to-date diesel and natural gas vehicles. The paper describes the methodology used for the measurements on buses, the test matrix and some preliminary emission data on both regulated and unregulated emissions.

Nylund, N; Ikonen, M; Laurikko, J

2003-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

238

Vehicle Technologies Office: Combustion and Emission Control  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and fuel formulation to arrive at the most cost-effective approach to optimizing advanced combustion engine efficiency and performance while reducing emissions to near-zero levels....

239

Remote monitoring of emissions using on-vehicle sensing and vehicle to roadside communications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Recent developments in on-vehicle electronics makes practical remote monitoring of vehicle emissions compliance with CARB and EPA regulations. A system consisting of emission controls malfunction sensors, an on-board computer (OBC), and vehicle-to-roadside communications (VRC) would enable enforcement officials to remotely and automatically detect vehicle out-of-compliance status. Remote sensing could be accomplished at highway speeds as vehicles pass a roadside RF antenna and reader unit which would interrogate the on- vehicle monitoring and recording system. This paper will focus on the hardware system components require to achieve this goal with special attention to the VRC; a key element for remote monitoring. this remote sensing concept piggybacks on the development of inexpensive VRC equipment for automatic vehicle identification for electronic toll collection and intelligent transportation applications. Employing an RF transponder with appropriate interface to the OBC and malfunction sensors, a practical monitoring system can be developed with potentially important impact on air quality and enforcement. With such a system in place, the current -- and costly and ineffective -- emission control strategy of periodic smog checking could be replaced or modified.

Davis, D.T.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Analysis of a PM DC motor model for application in feedback design for electric-powered mobility vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accurate modelling of Permanent Magnet (PM) DC motors is a prerequisite for expedient feedback design of electric-powered mobility vehicles. This paper identifies the parameters in the ideal equations for PM DC motors and considers the methods ... Keywords: electric-powered mobility vehicles, feedback design, frictional torque, model accuracy, modelling, permanent magnet DC motors models

Patrick Wolm; XiaoQi Chen; J. Geoffrey Chase; Warren Pettigrew; Christopher E. Hann

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor vehicle emission" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

California's Zero Emission Vehicle Mandate - Linking Clean Fuel Cars, Carsharing, and Station Car Strategies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PZEVs) such as compressed natural gas, gas-electric hybrid,e.g. , electric, compressed natural gas, and hybride.g. , compressed vehicles) emission vehicles natural gas

Shaheen, Susan; Wright, John; Sperling, Daniel

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Alternative Fuel and Advanced Technology Vehicles Pilot Program Emissions  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Alternative Fuel and Advanced Technology Vehicles Pilot Program Emissions Alternative Fuel and Advanced Technology Vehicles Pilot Program Emissions Benefit Tool Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP green logo.png FIND MORE DIA TOOLS This tool is part of the Development Impacts Assessment (DIA) Toolkit from the LEDS Global Partnership. Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Alternative Fuel and Advanced Technology Vehicles Pilot Program Emissions Benefit Tool Agency/Company /Organization: Argonne National Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Transportation Phase: Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options Topics: Co-benefits assessment, GHG inventory Resource Type: Online calculator, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Spreadsheet Complexity/Ease of Use: Moderate Website: www.transportation.anl.gov/modeling_simulation/AirCred/index.html

243

Hybrid Electric Vehicle with Permanent Magnet Traction Motor: A Simulation Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A simulation model for a hybrid electric vehicle is developed. Permanent magnet synchronous motor is considered for the drive part of the hybrid electric vehicle which comprises three energy sources: (i) a fuel cell, (ii) a battery bank, and (iii) a super capacitor. Rotor-oriented speed controller is designed, and also verified by simulation results, to achieve trajectory tracking requirements of the hybrid electric vehicle within the inverter voltage and current limits.

Levent U. Gkdere; Khalid Benlyazid; Enrico; Enrico Santi; Charles W. Brice; Roger A. Dougal

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Optical and Physical Properties from Primary On-Road Vehicle ParticleEmissions And Their Implications for Climate Change  

SciTech Connect

During the summers of 2004 and 2006, extinction and scattering coefficients of particle emissions inside a San Francisco Bay Area roadway tunnel were measured using a combined cavity ring-down and nephelometer instrument. Particle size distributions and humidification were also measured, as well as several gas phase species. Vehicles in the tunnel traveled up a 4% grade at a speed of approximately 60 km h{sup -1}. The traffic situation in the tunnel allows the apportionment of emission factors between light duty gasoline vehicles and diesel trucks. Cross-section emission factors for optical properties were determined for the apportioned vehicles to be consistent with gas phase and particulate matter emission factors. The absorption emission factor (the absorption cross-section per mass of fuel burned) for diesel trucks (4.4 {+-} 0.79 m{sup 2} kg{sup -1}) was 22 times larger than for light-duty gasoline vehicles (0.20 {+-} 0.05 m{sup 2} kg{sup -1}). The single scattering albedo of particles - which represents the fraction of incident light that is scattered as opposed to absorbed - was 0.2 for diesel trucks and 0.3 for light duty gasoline vehicles. These facts indicate that particulate matter from motor vehicles exerts a positive (i.e., warming) radiative climate forcing. Average particulate mass absorption efficiencies for diesel trucks and light duty gasoline vehicles were 3.14 {+-} 0.88 m{sup 2} g{sub PM}{sup -1} and 2.9 {+-} 1.07 m{sup 2} g{sub PM}{sup -1}, respectively. Particle size distributions and optical properties were insensitive to increases in relative humidity to values in excess of 90%, reinforcing previous findings that freshly emitted motor vehicle particulate matter is hydrophobic.

Strawa, A.W.; Kirchstetter, T.W.; Hallar, A.G.; Ban-Weiss, G.A.; McLaughlin, J.P.; Harley, R.A.; Lunden, M.M.

2009-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

245

Vehicle emissions and energy consumption impacts of modal shifts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Growing concern over air quality has prompted the development of strategies to reduce vehicle emissions in these areas. Concern has also been expressed regarding the current dependency of the U,S, on foreign oil. An option for addressing these concerns is to reduce vehicle-miles travelled (VMT), High- occupancy vehicle (HOV) lanes have been cited as one alternative for achieving this goal. However, latent travel demand frequently negates some or all of the VMT savings brought about by HOV lanes, The net effects of modal shifts to HOV lanes and the subsequent latent travel demand were studied in the thesis, A methodology was developed for estimating vehicle emissions and energy consumption impacts of modal shifts from private vehicles in the freeway mainlanes to buses in an HOV lane when latent travel demand is considered. The methodology was evaluated and determined to yield reasonable results, Finally, the methodology was applied to a freeway corridor in Houston, Texas. The results of the application indicate that reductions in VMT do not necessarily cause reductions in vehicle emissions of interest even when considered, all three of the pollutants of latent travel demand is not consumption was decreased at considered. Energy consumption was decreased a virtually all levels of latent travel demand except where latent travel demand was equivalent to the mode shift.

Mallett, Vickie Lynn

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Fuel composition effects on natural gas vehicle emissions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Under a contract from DOE`s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and support from Brooklyn Union Gas Company (BUG), Northern Illinois Gas Co., the Institute of Gas Technology (IGT) evaluated four state-of-the-art, electronic, closed-loop natural gas vehicle (NGV) conversion systems. The systems included an Impco electronic closed-loop system, Mogas electronic closed-loop system, Stewart and Stevenson`s GFI system, and an Automotive Natural Gas Inc. (ANGI) Level 1 electronic closed-loop conversion system. Conversion system evaluation included emission testing per 40 CFR Part 86, and driveability. All testing was performed with a 1993 Chevy Lumina equipped with a 3.1 liter MPFI V6 engine. Each system was emission tested using three different certified compositions of natural gas, representing the 10th, mean and 90th percentile gas compositions distributed in the United States. Emission testing on indolene was performed prior to conversion kit testing to establish a base emission value. Indolene testing was also performed at the end of the project when the vehicle was converted to its OEM configuration to ensure that the vehicle`s emissions were not altered during testing. The results of these tests will be presented.

Blazek, C.F.; Grimes, J.; Freeman, P. [Institute of Gas Technology, Chicago, IL (United States); Bailey, B.K.; Colucci, C. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

The Allocation of the Social Costs of Motor-Vehicle Use to Six Classes of Motor Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

motor gasoline was $0.957/gallon in 1987, and $1.196 in 1991, including taxes (tax price of gasoline sold by service stations owned by refining companies with the sales- weighted average retail of all motor

Delucchi, Mark A.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Non-Road Electric Vehicle Emissions: Analysis and Recommendations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy security and quality of life in the United States and around the globe are dependent upon the reduction of air pollution, petroleum dependency, and developing a solution to global warming. Non-road transportation equipment offers an opportunity to support this quality of life objective with a reduction in emissions through electrification. Private sector initiatives and regulatory agencies have begun to focus on non-road vehicles and equipment. This emission source category, which was largely unre...

2003-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

249

EA-1869: Supplement to General Motors Corp., Electric Vehicle/Battery  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9: Supplement to General Motors Corp., Electric 9: Supplement to General Motors Corp., Electric Vehicle/Battery Manufacturing Application, White Marsh, Maryland, and Wixom, Michigan (DOE/EA-1723-S1) EA-1869: Supplement to General Motors Corp., Electric Vehicle/Battery Manufacturing Application, White Marsh, Maryland, and Wixom, Michigan (DOE/EA-1723-S1) Overview Based on the analysis in the Environmental Assessment DOE determined that its proposed action, to award a federal grant to General Motors to establish an electric motor components manufacturing and electric drive assembly facility would result in no significant adverse impacts. Public Comment Opportunities No public comment opportunities available at this time. Documents Available for Download September 29, 2011 EA-1869: Final Environmental Assessment and Finding of No Significant

250

Hybrid and conventional hydrogen engine vehicles that meet EZEV emissions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In this paper, a time-dependent engine model is used for predicting hydrogen engine efficiency and emissions. The model uses basic thermodynamic equations for the compression and expansion processes, along with an empirical correlation for heat transfer, to predict engine indicated efficiency. A friction correlation and a supercharger/turbocharger model are then used to calculate brake thermal efficiency. The model is validated with many experimental points obtained in a recent evaluation of a hydrogen research engine. A The validated engine model is then used to calculate fuel economy and emissions for three hydrogen-fueled vehicles: a conventional, a parallel hybrid, and a series hybrid. All vehicles use liquid hydrogen as a fuel. The hybrid vehicles use a flywheel for energy storage. Comparable ultra capacitor or battery energy storage performance would give similar results. This paper analyzes the engine and flywheel sizing requirements for obtaining a desired level of performance. The results indicate that hydrogen lean-burn spark-ignited engines can provide a high fuel economy and Equivalent Zero Emission Vehicle (EZEV) levels in the three vehicle configurations being analyzed.

Aceves, S.M.; Smith, J.R.

1996-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

251

Chinese Rural Vehicles: An Explanatory Analysis of Technology, Economics, Industrial Organization, Energy Use, Emissions, and Policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

done before the linkage between rural motorization and cropconcern in China, due to huge rural population, diminishingcity roads are filled with rural vehicles! Many many 3-w

Sperling, Dan; Lin, Zhenhong; Hamilton, Peter

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Efficient, High-Torque Electric Vehicle Motor: Advanced Electric Vehicle Motors with Low or No Rare Earth Content  

SciTech Connect

REACT Project: QM Power will develop a new type of electric motor with the potential to efficiently power future generations of EVs without the use of rare-earth-based magnets. Many of todays EV motors use rare earth magnets to efficiently provide torque to the wheels. QM Powers motors would contain magnets that use no rare earth minerals, are light and compact, and can deliver more power with greater efficiency and at reduced cost. Key innovations in this project include a new motor design with iron-based magnetic materials, a new motor control technique, and advanced manufacturing techniques that substantially reduce the cost of the motor. The ultimate goal of this project is to create a cost-effective EV motor that offers the rough peak equivalent of 270 horsepower.

None

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

The lived experience of post-traumatic stress disorder as described by motor vehicle accident victims in Jordan.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Aim: To explore the lived experience of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as described by individuals who have been involved in a motor vehicle accident (MVA) (more)

Al-Kofahy, Lilibeth

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Future Emissions Impact On Off-Road Vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Summaries of paper: Emission requirements dictate vehicle update cycles; Packaging, performance and cost impacted; Styling updates can be integrated; Opportunity to integrate features and performance; Non-uniform regulations challenge resources; and Customers won't expect to pay more or receive less.

Kirby Baumgard; Steve Ephraim

2001-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

255

Electric Energy Industry Workforce: Trends in Motor Vehicle Crashes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI has established an ongoing injury/illness research programthe Occupational Health and Safety Database (OHSD) Programto provide information about the occurrence of workplace injury and illness among the electric energy industry workforce. Vehicles operated by electric utility workers typically include bucket trucks, digger/derrick trucks, washer trucks, pole and material trucks and trailers, and other vehicles used in line construction and maintenance. These vehicles are generally operated over low m...

2007-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

256

Stability Control of Electric Vehicles with In-wheel Motors.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Recently, mostly due to global warming concerns and high oil prices, electric vehicles have attracted a great deal of interest as an elegant solution to (more)

Jalali, Kiumars

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Impact of Canadas Voluntary Agreement on Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Light Duty Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Technologies for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions form RoadConsiders Copying Californias Greenhouse Gas Law. http://Regulations to Control Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Motor

Lutsey, Nicholas P.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Impact of Canada's Voluntary Agreement on Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Light Duty Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Technologies for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions form RoadConsiders Copying Californias Greenhouse Gas Law. http://Regulations to Control Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Motor

Lutsey, Nicholas P.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Evaluation of half wave induction motor drive for use in passenger vehicles. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report describes research performed to devise and design a lower cost inverter-induction motor drive for electrical propulsion of passenger vehicles. A two-phase inverter-motor system is recommended. It is predicted to provide comparable vehicle performance, improved reliability and nearly a 10% cost advantage for a high production vehicle because of the reduction in total parts count, decreased total rating of the power semiconductor switches and somewhat simpler control hardware compared to the conventional three-phase bridge inverter-motor drive system. The major disadvantages of the two-phase inverter-motor drive are that the tow-phase motor is larger and more expensive than a three-phase machine, the design of snubbers for the power switches is difficult because motor lead and bifilar winding leakage inductances produce higher transient voltages, and the torque pulsations are relatively large because of the necessity to limit the inverter switching frequency to achieve high efficiency. An actuall model of the two-phase system must be constructed and evaluated. The most challenging engineering design task will be to design the inverter, motor and snubber circuits to minimize transient voltages with high system efficiency.

Hoft, R.G.; Kawamura, A.; Goodarzi, A.; Yang, G.Q.; Erickson, C.L.

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Battery-Powered Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Projects to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions: A Resource for Project Development  

SciTech Connect

The transportation sector accounts for a large and growing share of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Worldwide, motor vehicles emit well over 900 million metric tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) each year, accounting for more than 15 percent of global fossil fuel-derived CO2 emissions.1 In the industrialized world alone, 20-25 percent of GHG emissions come from the transportation sector. The share of transport-related emissions is growing rapidly due to the continued increase in transportation activity.2 In 1950, there were only 70 million cars, trucks, and buses on the worlds roads. By 1994, there were about nine times that number, or 630 million vehicles. Since the early 1970s, the global fleet has been growing at a rate of 16 million vehicles per year. This expansion has been accompanied by a similar growth in fuel consumption.3 If this kind of linear growth continues, by the year 2025 there will be well over one billion vehicles on the worlds roads.4 In a response to the significant growth in transportation-related GHG emissions, governments and policy makers worldwide are considering methods to reverse this trend. However, due to the particular make-up of the transportation sector, regulating and reducing emissions from this sector poses a significant challenge. Unlike stationary fuel combustion, transportation-related emissions come from dispersed sources. Only a few point-source emitters, such as oil/natural gas wells, refineries, or compressor stations, contribute to emissions from the transportation sector. The majority of transport-related emissions come from the millions of vehicles traveling the worlds roads. As a result, successful GHG mitigation policies must find ways to target all of these small, non-point source emitters, either through regulatory means or through various incentive programs. To increase their effectiveness, policies to control emissions from the transportation sector often utilize indirect means to reduce emissions, such as requiring specific technology improvements or an increase in fuel efficiency. Site-specific project activities can also be undertaken to help decrease GHG emissions, although the use of such measures is less common. Sample activities include switching to less GHG-intensive vehicle options, such as electric vehicles (EVs) or hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). As emissions from transportation activities continue to rise, it will be necessary to promote both types of abatement activities in order to reverse the current emissions path. This Resource Guide focuses on site- and project-specific transportation activities. .

National Energy Technology Laboratory

2002-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor vehicle emission" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

A zinc-air battery and flywheel zero emission vehicle  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In response to the 1990 Clean Air Act, the California Air Resources Board (CARB) developed a compliance plan known as the Low Emission Vehicle Program. An integral part of that program was a sales mandate to the top seven automobile manufacturers requiring the percentage of Zero Emission Vehicles (ZEVs) sold in California to be 2% in 1998, 5% in 2001 and 10% by 2003. Currently available ZEV technology will probably not meet customer demand for range and moderate cost. A potential option to meet the CARB mandate is to use two Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) technologies, namely, zinc-air refuelable batteries (ZARBs) and electromechanical batteries (EMBs, i. e., flywheels) to develop a ZEV with a 384 kilometer (240 mile) urban range. This vehicle uses a 40 kW, 70 kWh ZARB for energy storage combined with a 102 kW, 0.5 kWh EMB for power peaking. These technologies are sufficiently near-term and cost-effective to plausibly be in production by the 1999-2001 time frame for stationary and initial vehicular applications. Unlike many other ZEVs currently being developed by industry, our proposed ZEV has range, acceleration, and size consistent with larger conventional passenger vehicles available today. Our life-cycle cost projections for this technology are lower than for Pb-acid battery ZEVs. We have used our Hybrid Vehicle Evaluation Code (HVEC) to simulate the performance of the vehicle and to size the various components. The use of conservative subsystem performance parameters and the resulting vehicle performance are discussed in detail.

Tokarz, F.; Smith, J.R.; Cooper, J.; Bender, D.; Aceves, S.

1995-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

262

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Heavy-Duty Vehicle Heavy-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions Regulations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions Regulations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions Regulations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions Regulations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions Regulations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions Regulations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions Regulations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal

263

Particulate Emissions from a Pre-Emissions Control Era Spark-Ignition Vehicle: A Historical Benchmark  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study examined the particulate emissions from a pre-emissions control era vehicle operated on both leaded and unleaded fuels for the purpose of establishing a historical benchmark. A pre-control vehicle was located that had been rebuilt with factory original parts to approximate an as-new vehicle prior to 1968. The vehicle had less than 20,000 miles on the rebuilt engine and exhaust. The vehicle underwent repeated FTP-75 tests to determine its regulated emissions, including particulate mass. Additionally, measurements of the particulate size distribution were made, as well as particulate lead concentration. These tests were conducted first with UTG96 certification fuel, followed by UTG96 doped with tetraethyl lead to approximate 1968 levels. Results of these tests, including transmission electron micrographs of individual particles from both the leaded and unleaded case are presented. The FTP composite PM emissions from this vehicle averaged 40.5 mg/mile using unleaded fuel. The results from the leaded fuel tests showed that the FTP composite PM emissions increased to an average of 139.5 mg/mile. Analysis of the particulate size distribution for both cases demonstrated that the mass-based size distribution of particles for this vehicle is heavily skewed towards the nano-particle range. The leaded-fuel tests showed a significant increase in mass concentration at the <0.1 micron size compared with the unleaded-fuel test case. The leaded-fuel tests produced lead emissions of nearly 0.04 g/mi, more than a 4-order-of-magnitude difference compared with unleaded-fuel results. Analysis of the size-fractionated PM samples showed that the lead PM emissions tended to be distributed in the 0.25 micron and smaller size range.

John M.E. Storey; C. Scott Sluder; Douglas A. Blom; Erin Higinbotham

2000-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

264

The Allocation of the Social Costs of Motor-Vehicle Use to Six Classes of Motor Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and from still other sources (such as petroleum refineries),area source emissions associated with petroleum extraction.three major sources of emissions in petroleum refineries:

Delucchi, Mark A.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Motor Vehicle Plant Lighting Level Best Practices | ENERGY STAR Buildings &  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Motor Vehicle Plant Lighting Level Best Practices Motor Vehicle Plant Lighting Level Best Practices Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories

266

The Natural Gas Vehicle Challenge `92: Exhaust emissions testing and results  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Challenge `92, was organized by Argonne National Laboratory. The main sponsors were the US Department of Energy the Energy, Mines, and Resources -- Canada, and the Society of Automotive Engineers. It resulted in 20 varied approaches to the conversion of a gasoline-fueled, spark-ignited, internal combustion engine to dedicated natural gas use. Starting with a GMC Sierra 2500 pickup truck donated by General Motors, teams of college and university student engineers worked to optimize Chevrolet V-8 engines operating on natural gas for improved emissions, fuel economy, performance, and advanced design features. This paper focuses on the results of the emission event, and compares engine mechanical configurations, engine management systems, catalyst configurations and locations, and approaches to fuel control and the relationship of these parameters to engine. out and tailpipe emissions of regulated exhaust constituents. Nine of the student modified trucks passed the current levels of exhaust emission standards, and some exceeded the strictest future emissions standards envisioned by the US Environmental Protection Agency. Factors contributing to good emissions control using natural gas are summarized, and observations concerning necessary components of a successful emissions control strategy are presented.

Rimkus, W.A.; Larsen, R.P. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Zammit, M.G. [Johnson Matthey, Wayne, PA (United States); Davies, J.G.; Salmon, G.S. [General Motors of Canada Ltd., Toronto, ON (Canada); Bruetsch, R.I. [US Environmental Protection Agency (United States)

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

The Natural Gas Vehicle Challenge '92: Exhaust emissions testing and results  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Challenge '92, was organized by Argonne National Laboratory. The main sponsors were the US Department of Energy the Energy, Mines, and Resources -- Canada, and the Society of Automotive Engineers. It resulted in 20 varied approaches to the conversion of a gasoline-fueled, spark-ignited, internal combustion engine to dedicated natural gas use. Starting with a GMC Sierra 2500 pickup truck donated by General Motors, teams of college and university student engineers worked to optimize Chevrolet V-8 engines operating on natural gas for improved emissions, fuel economy, performance, and advanced design features. This paper focuses on the results of the emission event, and compares engine mechanical configurations, engine management systems, catalyst configurations and locations, and approaches to fuel control and the relationship of these parameters to engine. out and tailpipe emissions of regulated exhaust constituents. Nine of the student modified trucks passed the current levels of exhaust emission standards, and some exceeded the strictest future emissions standards envisioned by the US Environmental Protection Agency. Factors contributing to good emissions control using natural gas are summarized, and observations concerning necessary components of a successful emissions control strategy are presented.

Rimkus, W.A.; Larsen, R.P. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); Zammit, M.G. (Johnson Matthey, Wayne, PA (United States)); Davies, J.G.; Salmon, G.S. (General Motors of Canada Ltd., Toronto, ON (Canada)); Bruetsch, R.I. (US Environmental Protection Agency (United States))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Development of a Vehicle Stability Control Strategy for a Hybrid Electric Vehicle Equipped With Axle Motors.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Hybrid-electric vehicles have been available to consumers for over a decade, and plug-in hybrid and pure electric vehicles are rapidly becoming mainstream products with the (more)

Bayar, Kerem

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Rare-Earth-Free Traction Motor: Rare Earth-Free Traction Motor for Electric Vehicle Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

REACT Project: Baldor will develop a new type of traction motor with the potential to efficiently power future generations of EVs. Unlike todays large, bulky EV motors which use expensive, imported rare-earth-based magnets, Baldors motor could be light, compact, contain no rare earth materials, and have the potential to deliver more torque at a substantially lower cost. Key innovations in this project include the use of a unique motor design, incorporation of an improved cooling system, and the development of advanced materials manufacturing techniques. These innovations could significantly reduce the cost of an electric motor.

None

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle Electricity...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Help Alternative Fuels Data Center Fuels & Vehicles Biodiesel | Diesel Vehicles Electricity | Hybrid & Plug-In Electric Vehicles Ethanol | Flex Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen | Fuel...

271

Direct Lamination Cooling of Motors For Electric Vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Current designs for electric motors use a housing that acts as both a structural support and as a method of cooling the stator and rotor. This approach to cooling is not as effective as possible because heat must flow from the rotor and stator through the housing to the cooling media. Because the housing must contain the coolant, it is also larger, heavier, and more expensive than necessary. This project develops a motor that uses a direct lamination cooling (DLC) system, passing coolant directly through the stator and eliminating the need for bulky housing, thereby improving heat transfer. Motor size could be reduced by up to 30-40%, mass by up to 20-30%, and cost by up to 30%. Phase I demonstrated that reliable lamination-to-lamination seals and reliable stack-to-manifold seals can be achieved using the methods identified. The addition of the selected sealants adds only slightly to the thermal resistance and pressure drop compared with unsealed counterparts. Phase II builds electric motors and inductors using the DLC method, obtain comparative performance data on the effectiveness of the method, and then obtain operational use data on these components through long term testing in a representative environment. The long-term testing will ensure that real world aspects of motor and inductor operation (including vibration, temperature cycling, and the presence of electrical and magnetic fields) do not degrade the seals such that leaking occurs or that the thermal performance degrades.

Rippel, Wally; Kobayashi, Drayll

2003-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

272

The Allocation of the Social Costs of Motor-Vehicle Use to Six Classes of Motor Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

higher the amount of foreign oil embodied, and consequentlyof domestic and foreign crude oil used to make motor fuels10-13b). Mass of foreign crude oil (including unfinished

Delucchi, Mark A.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Proceedings of the Neighborhood Electric Vehicle Workshop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electric Vehicle Workshop Proceedings Vehicle Safety DesignElectric Vehicle Workshop Proceedings Federal Motor Vehicle SafetyElectric Vehicle Workshop Proceedings FEDERAL MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY

Lipman, Timothy

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Total energy cycle energy use and emissions of electric vehicles.  

SciTech Connect

A total energy cycle analysis (TECA) of electric vehicles (EV) was recently completed. The EV energy cycle includes production and transport of fuels used in power plants to generate electricity, electricity generation, EV operation, and vehicle and battery manufacture. This paper summarizes the key assumptions and results of the EVTECA. The total energy requirements of EVS me estimated to be 24-35% lower than those of the conventional, gasoline-fueled vehicles they replace, while the reductions in total oil use are even greater: 55-85%. Greenhouse gases (GHG) are 24-37% lower with EVs. EVs reduce total emissions of several criteria air pollutants (VOC, CO, and NO{sub x}) but increase total emissions of others (SO{sub x}, TSP, and lead) over the total energy cycle. Regional emissions are generally reduced with EVs, except possibly SO{sub x}. The limitations of the EVTECA are discussed, and its results are compared with those of other evaluations of EVs. In general, many of the results (particularly the oil use, GHG, VOC, CO, SO{sub x}, and lead results) of the analysis are consistent with those of other evaluations.

Singh, M. K.

1999-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

275

Economic Implications of Net Metering for Stationary and Motor Vehicle Fuel Cell Systems in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

); and · Similarly, use of PEM fuel cell waste heat for hot water heating would require careful integration with hot consider cogeneration of hot water to be a potential competitive advantage of stationary fuel cellsPWP-092 Economic Implications of Net Metering for Stationary and Motor Vehicle Fuel Cell Systems

Kammen, Daniel M.

276

Impact of Vehicle Air-Conditioning on Fuel Economy, Tailpipe Emissions, and Electric Vehicle Range: Preprint  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vehicle Air- Vehicle Air- Conditioning on Fuel Economy, Tailpipe Emissions, and Electric Vehicle Range Preprint September 2000 * NREL/CP-540-28960 R. Farrington and J. Rugh To Be Presented at the Earth Technologies Forum Washington, D.C. October 31, 2000 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 NREL is a U.S. Department of Energy Laboratory Operated by Midwest Research Institute * * * * Battelle * * * * Bechtel Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Midwest Research Institute (MRI), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-99GO10337. Accordingly, the US Government and MRI retain a nonexclusive royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published

277

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Emissions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Emissions Inspection Exemption to someone by E-mail Emissions Inspection Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Emissions Inspection Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Emissions Inspection Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Emissions Inspection Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Emissions Inspection Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Emissions Inspection Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Emissions Inspection Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section...

278

Collect Data to Evaluate Greenhouse Gas Emissions Profile for Vehicles and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vehicles and Mobile Equipment Vehicles and Mobile Equipment Collect Data to Evaluate Greenhouse Gas Emissions Profile for Vehicles and Mobile Equipment October 7, 2013 - 11:34am Addthis YOU ARE HERE Step 2 Data needs for greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation planning related to Federal agency vehicles and mobile equipment can be described in terms of five key categories: Vehicle Inventory A detailed vehicle profile is essential to right-sizing an agency's vehicle inventory and thereby reducing fuel use, emissions, and operating costs. In combination with vehicle usage and mission data, this information can be used to develop an optimal vehicle acquisition plan and vehicle allocation methodology (VAM) to identify vehicles that may represent good candidates for reassignment or disposal. This data assists in correctly sizing a fleet

279

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #686: August 1, 2011 Emissions and Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6: August 1, 6: August 1, 2011 Emissions and Energy Use Model - GREET to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #686: August 1, 2011 Emissions and Energy Use Model - GREET on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #686: August 1, 2011 Emissions and Energy Use Model - GREET on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #686: August 1, 2011 Emissions and Energy Use Model - GREET on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #686: August 1, 2011 Emissions and Energy Use Model - GREET on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #686: August 1, 2011 Emissions and Energy Use Model - GREET on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #686: August 1, 2011 Emissions and Energy Use Model - GREET on AddThis.com...

280

Projections of highway vehicle population, energy demand, and CO{sub 2} emissions in India through 2040.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents projections of motor vehicles, oil demand, and carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) emissions for India through the year 2040. The populations of highway vehicles and two-wheelers are projected under three different scenarios on the basis of economic growth and average household size in India. The results show that by 2040, the number of highway vehicles in India would be 206-309 million. The oil demand projections for the Indian transportation sector are based on a set of nine scenarios arising out of three vehicle-growth and three fuel-economy scenarios. The combined effects of vehicle-growth and fuel-economy scenarios, together with the change in annual vehicle usage, result in a projected demand in 2040 by the transportation sector in India of 404-719 million metric tons (8.5-15.1 million barrels per day). The corresponding annual CO{sub 2} emissions are projected to be 1.2-2.2 billion metric tons.

Arora, S.; Vyas, A.; Johnson, L.; Energy Systems

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor vehicle emission" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Alternative fuel vehicles: The emerging emissions picture. Interim results, Summer 1996  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In this pamphlet, program goal, description, vehicles/fuels tested, and selected emissions results are given for light-duty and heavy-duty vehicles. Other NREL R&D programs and publications are mentioned briefly.

NONE

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Measuring and Modeling Emissions from Extremely Low Emitting Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

last several years, vehicle manufacturers have started tospecifications by the vehicle manufacturers, and are readilymanufacturers have been producing gasoline-powered vehicles

Barth, M; Collins, J F; Scora, G; Davis, N; Norbeck, J M

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Measuring and Modeling Emissions from Extremely Low-Emitting Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

last several years, vehicle manufacturers have started tospecifications by the vehicle manufacturers, and are readilymanufacturers have been producing gasoline-powered vehicles

Barth, M; Collins, J F; Scora, G; Davis, N; Norbeck, J N

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

The origin of Californias zero emission vehicle mandate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sperling, D. , 1989. Electric vehicles: performance, life-in California: The Role of Electric Vehicles. The ClaremontGMs Revolutionary Electric Vehicle. Random House, New York.

Sperling, Dan; Collantes, Gustavo O

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Electric Vehicles: Performances, Life Cycle Costs, Emissions, and Recharging Requirements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sealed lead-acid electric and vehicle battery development.A. (1987a) ture for electric vehicles. In Resources ElectricInternational Conference. Electric Vehicle De- Universityof

DeLuchi, Mark A.; Wang, Quanlu; Sperling, Daniel

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Emission Control Cost-Effectiveness of Alternative-Fuel Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effects of Compressed Natural Gas as a VehicleFuel-Volumepetroleumgas, compressed natural gas, and electricity.fuel vehicle types, compressed natural gas vehicles are the

Wang, Quanlu; Sperling, Daniel; Olmstead, Janis

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Fuel-cycle greenhouse gas emissions impacts of alternative transportation fuels and advanced vehicle technologies.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

At an international conference on global warming, held in Kyoto, Japan, in December 1997, the United States committed to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 7% over its 1990 level by the year 2012. To help achieve that goal, transportation GHG emissions need to be reduced. Using Argonne's fuel-cycle model, I estimated GHG emissions reduction potentials of various near- and long-term transportation technologies. The estimated per-mile GHG emissions results show that alternative transportation fuels and advanced vehicle technologies can help significantly reduce transportation GHG emissions. Of the near-term technologies evaluated in this study, electric vehicles; hybrid electric vehicles; compression-ignition, direct-injection vehicles; and E85 flexible fuel vehicles can reduce fuel-cycle GHG emissions by more than 25%, on the fuel-cycle basis. Electric vehicles powered by electricity generated primarily from nuclear and renewable sources can reduce GHG emissions by 80%. Other alternative fuels, such as compressed natural gas and liquefied petroleum gas, offer limited, but positive, GHG emission reduction benefits. Among the long-term technologies evaluated in this study, conventional spark ignition and compression ignition engines powered by alternative fuels and gasoline- and diesel-powered advanced vehicles can reduce GHG emissions by 10% to 30%. Ethanol dedicated vehicles, electric vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles, and fuel-cell vehicles can reduce GHG emissions by over 40%. Spark ignition engines and fuel-cell vehicles powered by cellulosic ethanol and solar hydrogen (for fuel-cell vehicles only) can reduce GHG emissions by over 80%. In conclusion, both near- and long-term alternative fuels and advanced transportation technologies can play a role in reducing the United States GHG emissions.

Wang, M. Q.

1998-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

288

Fuel-cycle greenhouse gas emissions impacts of alternative transportation fuels and advanced vehicle technologies.  

SciTech Connect

At an international conference on global warming, held in Kyoto, Japan, in December 1997, the United States committed to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 7% over its 1990 level by the year 2012. To help achieve that goal, transportation GHG emissions need to be reduced. Using Argonne's fuel-cycle model, I estimated GHG emissions reduction potentials of various near- and long-term transportation technologies. The estimated per-mile GHG emissions results show that alternative transportation fuels and advanced vehicle technologies can help significantly reduce transportation GHG emissions. Of the near-term technologies evaluated in this study, electric vehicles; hybrid electric vehicles; compression-ignition, direct-injection vehicles; and E85 flexible fuel vehicles can reduce fuel-cycle GHG emissions by more than 25%, on the fuel-cycle basis. Electric vehicles powered by electricity generated primarily from nuclear and renewable sources can reduce GHG emissions by 80%. Other alternative fuels, such as compressed natural gas and liquefied petroleum gas, offer limited, but positive, GHG emission reduction benefits. Among the long-term technologies evaluated in this study, conventional spark ignition and compression ignition engines powered by alternative fuels and gasoline- and diesel-powered advanced vehicles can reduce GHG emissions by 10% to 30%. Ethanol dedicated vehicles, electric vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles, and fuel-cell vehicles can reduce GHG emissions by over 40%. Spark ignition engines and fuel-cell vehicles powered by cellulosic ethanol and solar hydrogen (for fuel-cell vehicles only) can reduce GHG emissions by over 80%. In conclusion, both near- and long-term alternative fuels and advanced transportation technologies can play a role in reducing the United States GHG emissions.

Wang, M. Q.

1998-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

289

Impact of Component Sizing in Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles for Energy Resource and Greenhouse Emissions Reduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Widespread use of alternative hybrid powertrains currently appears inevitable and many opportunities for substantial progress remain. The necessity for environmentally friendly vehicles, in conjunction with increasing concerns regarding U.S. dependency on foreign oil and climate change, has led to significant investment in enhancing the propulsion portfolio with new technologies. Recently, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) have attracted considerable attention due to their potential to reduce petroleum consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the transportation sector. PHEVs are especially appealing for short daily commutes with excessive stop-and-go driving. However, the high costs associated with their components, and in particular, with their energy storage systems have been significant barriers to extensive market penetration of PEVs. In the research reported here, we investigated the implications of motor/generator and battery size on fuel economy and GHG emissions in a medium duty PHEV. An optimization framework is proposed and applied to two different parallel powertrain configurations, pre-transmission and post-transmission, to derive the Pareto frontier with respect to motor/generator and battery size. The optimization and modeling approach adopted here facilitates better understanding of the potential benefits from proper selection of motor/generator and battery size on fuel economy and GHG emissions. This understanding can help us identify the appropriate sizing of these components and thus reducing the PHEV cost. Addressing optimal sizing of PHEV components could aim at an extensive market penetration of PHEVs.

Malikopoulos, Andreas [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

On-Road Remote Sensing of Vehicle Exhaust Emissions in Auckland, New Zealand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On-Road Remote Sensing of Vehicle Exhaust Emissions in Auckland, New Zealand S. Xie, J. G. Bluett Zealand's vehicle fleet. The remote sensing campaign was implemented to establish the emissions profile of this remote sensing campaign was to redress this knowledge gap, improve understanding of the emissions

Denver, University of

291

Well-to-wheels analysis of energy use and greenhouse gas emissions of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles.  

SciTech Connect

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) are being developed for mass production by the automotive industry. PHEVs have been touted for their potential to reduce the US transportation sector's dependence on petroleum and cut greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by (1) using off-peak excess electric generation capacity and (2) increasing vehicles energy efficiency. A well-to-wheels (WTW) analysis - which examines energy use and emissions from primary energy source through vehicle operation - can help researchers better understand the impact of the upstream mix of electricity generation technologies for PHEV recharging, as well as the powertrain technology and fuel sources for PHEVs. For the WTW analysis, Argonne National Laboratory researchers used the Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Transportation (GREET) model developed by Argonne to compare the WTW energy use and GHG emissions associated with various transportation technologies to those associated with PHEVs. Argonne researchers estimated the fuel economy and electricity use of PHEVs and alternative fuel/vehicle systems by using the Powertrain System Analysis Toolkit (PSAT) model. They examined two PHEV designs: the power-split configuration and the series configuration. The first is a parallel hybrid configuration in which the engine and the electric motor are connected to a single mechanical transmission that incorporates a power-split device that allows for parallel power paths - mechanical and electrical - from the engine to the wheels, allowing the engine and the electric motor to share the power during acceleration. In the second configuration, the engine powers a generator, which charges a battery that is used by the electric motor to propel the vehicle; thus, the engine never directly powers the vehicle's transmission. The power-split configuration was adopted for PHEVs with a 10- and 20-mile electric range because they require frequent use of the engine for acceleration and to provide energy when the battery is depleted, while the series configuration was adopted for PHEVs with a 30- and 40-mile electric range because they rely mostly on electrical power for propulsion. Argonne researchers calculated the equivalent on-road (real-world) fuel economy on the basis of U.S. Environmental Protection Agency miles per gallon (mpg)-based formulas. The reduction in fuel economy attributable to the on-road adjustment formula was capped at 30% for advanced vehicle systems (e.g., PHEVs, fuel cell vehicles [FCVs], hybrid electric vehicles [HEVs], and battery-powered electric vehicles [BEVs]). Simulations for calendar year 2020 with model year 2015 mid-size vehicles were chosen for this analysis to address the implications of PHEVs within a reasonable timeframe after their likely introduction over the next few years. For the WTW analysis, Argonne assumed a PHEV market penetration of 10% by 2020 in order to examine the impact of significant PHEV loading on the utility power sector. Technological improvement with medium uncertainty for each vehicle was also assumed for the analysis. Argonne employed detailed dispatch models to simulate the electric power systems in four major regions of the US: the New England Independent System Operator, the New York Independent System Operator, the State of Illinois, and the Western Electric Coordinating Council. Argonne also evaluated the US average generation mix and renewable generation of electricity for PHEV and BEV recharging scenarios to show the effects of these generation mixes on PHEV WTW results. Argonne's GREET model was designed to examine the WTW energy use and GHG emissions for PHEVs and BEVs, as well as FCVs, regular HEVs, and conventional gasoline internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEVs). WTW results are reported for charge-depleting (CD) operation of PHEVs under different recharging scenarios. The combined WTW results of CD and charge-sustaining (CS) PHEV operations (using the utility factor method) were also examined and reported. According to the utility factor method, the share of veh

Elgowainy, A.; Han, J.; Poch, L.; Wang, M.; Vyas, A.; Mahalik, M.; Rousseau, A.

2010-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

292

A guide to surveys of motor vehicle fleets  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In response to directives in Section 407 of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPACT), the Energy Information Administration (EIA) developed a data collection program designed to provide information useful to persons interested in the alternative fuels market. The target audience includes those seeking to manufacture, convert, sell, own, or operate alternative-fuel vehicles (AFVs) or alternative fueling facilities. Among the various projects EIA conducted as part of this data collection program were two fleet surveys conducted in Department of Energy-designated Clean Cities. The Clean Cities program is a locally-based government/industry partnership coordinated by the Department of Energy to expand the use of alternative transportation fuels. These surveys were designed to collect a broad range of information regarding the fleets and fleet vehicles in operation in the Atlanta, Georgia and Denver, Colorado areas. One of the objectives of these surveys was to attempt to identify and describe the market for AFVs. Due to inherent limitations associated with AFVs and limited alternative-fuel infrastructure, it`s believed that the first practical applications for AFVs will be within private and government fleets. Another objective in conducting the Clean Cities Fleet surveys was to develop a useful methodology for accessing and surveying private and municipal fleets that would aid other interested parties in conducting similar surveys. This report is intended to provide a description of how EIA gathered information on private and municipal fleets, but the basic survey design could be used to design surveys of other difficult-to-access populations. There are 3 basic steps to any survey: define the target population, constructing the survey frame, and implementing the survey. The procedures outlined in this report are, for the most part, the procedures used for the fleet survey conducted in Denver. The major changes between the two surveys are described in Appendix A.

NONE

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

MOTOR-VEHICLE INFRASTRUCTURE AND SERVICES PROVIDED BY THE PUBLIC SECTOR Report #7 in the series: The Annualized Social Cost of Motor-Vehicle Use in the United States, based on 1990-1991 Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FOR REVIEW 5. Robbery of gas station 6. Robbery in parkingvehicles 13. Arson to gas stations and car dealerships 14.to motor-vehicles Arson to gas stations and car dealerships

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Motor-Vehicle Infrastructure and Services Provided by the Public Sector: Report #7 in the series: The Annualized Social Cost of Motor-Vehicle Use in the United States, based on 1990-1991 Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FOR REVIEW 5. Robbery of gas station 6. Robbery in parkingvehicles 13. Arson to gas stations and car dealerships 14.to motor-vehicles Arson to gas stations and car dealerships

Delucchi, Mark; Murphy, James

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Regulatory Impediments to Neighborhood Electric Vehicles: Safety Standards and Zero-Emission Vehicle Rules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to Neighborhood Electric Vehicles: Safety Standardsand Zero-to Neighborhood Electric Vehicles: Safety Standards andto Neighborhood Electric Vehicles: Safety Standards and

Lipman, Timothy E.; Kurani, Kenneth S.; Sperling, Daniel

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Regulatory Impediments to Neighborhood Electric Vehicles: Safety Standards and Zero-Emission Vehicle Rules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to Neighborhood Electric Vehicles: Safety Standardsand Zero-to Neighborhood Electric Vehicles: Safety Standards andto Neighborhood Electric Vehicles: Safety Standards and

Lipman, Timothy E.; Kurani, Kenneth S.; Sperling, Daniel

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Desulfurization Effects on a Light-Duty Diesel Vehicle NOx Adsorber Exhaust Emission Control System  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Analyzes the effects on gaseous emissions, before and after desulfurization, on a light-duty diesel vehicle with a NOx adsorber catalyst.

Tatur, M.; Tomazic, D.; Tyrer, H.; Thornton, M.; Kubsh, J.

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

U.S. Motor Vehicle Output and Other GDP, 1968-2007  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Motor Vehicle Output and Other GDP, 1968-2007 Motor Vehicle Output and Other GDP, 1968-2007 Danilo J. Santini, Ph. D. Senior Economist Center for Transportation Research Argonne National Laboratory 9700 South Cass Avenue Phone: 630 252 3758 Fax: 630 252 3443 E-mail: dsantini@anl.gov David A Poyer, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Economics Morehouse College 830 Westview Dr. SW Atlanta, GA 30314 Phone: 404 681 2800, ext. 2553 E-mail: dpoyer@morehouse.edu THE 66th INTERNATIONAL ATLANTIC ECONOMIC CONFERENCE Montreal, Canada 9-12 October 2008 BUSINESS FLUCTUATIONS AND CYCLES 12 October 2008 Sunday 11:15 AM - 1:15 PM The submitted manuscript has been created by UChicago Argonne, LLC, Operator of Argonne National Laboratory ("Argonne"). Argonne, a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science laboratory, is operated under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357. . The U.S. Government

299

Cost-effectiveness of controlling emissions for various alternative-fuel vehicle types, with vehicle and fuel price subsidies estimated on the basis of monetary values of emission reductions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Emission-control cost-effectiveness is estimated for ten alternative-fuel vehicle (AFV) types (i.e., vehicles fueled with reformulated gasoline, M85 flexible-fuel vehicles [FFVs], M100 FFVs, dedicated M85 vehicles, dedicated M100 vehicles, E85 FFVS, dual-fuel liquefied petroleum gas vehicles, dual-fuel compressed natural gas vehicles [CNGVs], dedicated CNGVs, and electric vehicles [EVs]). Given the assumptions made, CNGVs are found to be most cost-effective in controlling emissions and E85 FFVs to be least cost-effective, with the other vehicle types falling between these two. AFV cost-effectiveness is further calculated for various cases representing changes in costs of vehicles and fuels, AFV emission reductions, and baseline gasoline vehicle emissions, among other factors. Changes in these parameters can change cost-effectiveness dramatically. However, the rank of the ten AFV types according to their cost-effectiveness remains essentially unchanged. Based on assumed dollars-per-ton emission values and estimated AFV emission reductions, the per-vehicle monetary value of emission reductions is calculated for each AFV type. Calculated emission reduction values ranged from as little as $500 to as much as $40,000 per vehicle, depending on AFV type, dollar-per-ton emission values, and baseline gasoline vehicle emissions. Among the ten vehicle types, vehicles fueled with reformulated gasoline have the lowest per-vehicle value, while EVs have the highest per-vehicle value, reflecting the magnitude of emission reductions by these vehicle types. To translate the calculated per-vehicle emission reduction values to individual AFV users, AFV fuel or vehicle price subsidies are designed to be equal to AFV emission reduction values. The subsidies designed in this way are substantial. In fact, providing the subsidies to AFVs would change most AFV types from net cost increases to net cost decreases, relative to conventional gasoline vehicles.

Wang, M.Q.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

300

Spatial Analysis of Motor Vehicle Accidents in Johnson City, Tennessee, as Reported to Washington County Emergency Communications District (911).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study spatially analyzes emergency 911 call-for-service records from January 1, 2000 through December 31, 2009 for motor vehicle accidents inside the corporate limits of (more)

Bennett, Katharine D

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor vehicle emission" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

IEP - Advanced NOx Emissions Control: Control Technology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

forms at high temperatures during fossil fuel combustion (see How NOx is Formed ). The primary sources of NOx emissions in the United States are motor vehicles, power plants,...

302

Meeting future exhaust emissions standards using natural gas as a vehicle fuel: Lessons learned from the natural gas vehicle challenge '92  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Natural Gas Vehicle Challenge '92, organized by Argonne National Laboratory and sponsored by the US Department of Energy, the Energy, Mines, and Resources - Canada, the Society of Automotive Engineers, and many others, resulted in 20 varied approaches to the conversion of a gasoline-fueled, spark-ignited, internal combustion engine to dedicated natural gas use. Starting with a GMC Sierra 2500 pickup truck, donated by General Motors, teams of college and university student engineers strived to optimize Chevrolet V-8 engines operating on natural gas for improved emissions, fuel economy, performance, and advanced design features. This paper focuses on the results of the emission event, and compares engine mechanical configurations, engine management systems, catalyst configurations and locations, and approaches to fuel control and the relationship of these parameters to engine-out and tailpipe emissions of regulated exhaust constituents. Nine of the student-modified trucks passed the current levels of exhaust emission standards, and some exceeded the strictest future emissions standards envisioned by the US Environmental Protection Agency. Factors in achieving good emissions control using natural gas are summarized, and observations concerning necessary components of a successful emissions control strategy are presented.

Rimkus, W.A.; Larsen, R.P.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Meeting future exhaust emissions standards using natural gas as a vehicle fuel: Lessons learned from the natural gas vehicle challenge `92  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Natural Gas Vehicle Challenge `92, organized by Argonne National Laboratory and sponsored by the US Department of Energy, the Energy, Mines, and Resources - Canada, the Society of Automotive Engineers, and many others, resulted in 20 varied approaches to the conversion of a gasoline-fueled, spark-ignited, internal combustion engine to dedicated natural gas use. Starting with a GMC Sierra 2500 pickup truck, donated by General Motors, teams of college and university student engineers strived to optimize Chevrolet V-8 engines operating on natural gas for improved emissions, fuel economy, performance, and advanced design features. This paper focuses on the results of the emission event, and compares engine mechanical configurations, engine management systems, catalyst configurations and locations, and approaches to fuel control and the relationship of these parameters to engine-out and tailpipe emissions of regulated exhaust constituents. Nine of the student-modified trucks passed the current levels of exhaust emission standards, and some exceeded the strictest future emissions standards envisioned by the US Environmental Protection Agency. Factors in achieving good emissions control using natural gas are summarized, and observations concerning necessary components of a successful emissions control strategy are presented.

Rimkus, W.A.; Larsen, R.P.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Tax and Fee Payments by Motor-Vehicle Users for the Use of Highways, Fuels, and Vehicles: Report #17 in the series: The Annualized Social Cost of Motor-Vehicle Use in the United States, based on 1990-1991 Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Motor Vehicles, Albany, New York, personal communication,the Justice Court Fund, Albany, New York, data transmittal,of Accounting Operations, Albany, New York (1992). D. M.

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

A decision support system of vehicle routing and refueling for motor carriers with time-sensitive demands  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Given the recent trend of raising fuel cost and the increased time-sensitiveness of shippers, an extensive pressure is placed on the motor-carrier industry to meet the time-constrained customer demands at minimum fuel cost. We propose a decision support ... Keywords: Decision support system, Fuel cost, Motor carriers, Optimization, Vehicle routing

Yoshinori Suzuki

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Acronyms and Abbreviations for Advanced Technology Vehicle Testing...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Project LDV Light-duty vehicle LEV Low emission vehicle LF Low-floor Li Lithium LNG Liquid natural gas LPG Liquid petroleum gas LSR Low storage requirement MCI Motor Coach...

307

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles: battery degradation, grid support, emissions, and battery size tradeoffs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with 85% ethanol EIA ­ Energy Information Administration EVSE ­ Electric vehicle supply equipment gPlug-in hybrid electric vehicles: battery degradation, grid support, emissions, and battery size to get this thesis finished. #12;iv Intentionally blank #12;v Abstract Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles

308

Electric Vehicles: Performances, Life Cycle Costs, Emissions, and Recharging Requirements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Table3 to the incre- no oil costs, and that Na/S batteries,costs, of vehicles Oil costs, percent ofgasoline vehiclestires are (M&R) costs (we exclude fires and oil) than ICEVs,

DeLuchi, Mark A.; Wang, Quanlu; Sperling, Daniel

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

California Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards for Light-Duty Vehicles (Update) (released in AEO2006)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The State of California was given authority under CAAA90 to set emissions standards for light-duty vehicles that exceed Federal standards. In addition, other States that do not comply with the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) set by the EPA under CAAA90 were given the option to adopt Californias light-duty vehicle emissions standards in order to achieve air quality compliance. CAAA90 specifically identifies hydrocarbon, carbon monoxide, and NOx as vehicle-related air pollutants that can be regulated. California has led the Nation in developing stricter vehicle emissions standards, and other States have adopted the California standards.

Information Center

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Analyze Data to Evaluate Greenhouse Gas Emissions Profile for Vehicles and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vehicles and Mobile Equipment Vehicles and Mobile Equipment Analyze Data to Evaluate Greenhouse Gas Emissions Profile for Vehicles and Mobile Equipment October 7, 2013 - 11:36am Addthis YOU ARE HERE Step 2 After a Federal agency has collected detailed information about its vehicle inventory, fuel consumption, usage, mission, and alternative fuel availability, it can analyze the data to determine the most cost-effective options for petroleum reduction and greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation. Data can be analyzed at the agency, program, fleet (or site), or vehicle level for the following purposes: Determining the most important mobile emission sources Determining whether vehicles are performing and being utilized to minimize GHG emissions Identifying mission constraints. Next Step After analyzing data for evaluating an emissions profile, the next step in

311

Zero-emission vehicle technology assessment. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This is the final report in the Zero-Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Technology Assessment, performed for NYSERDA by Booz-Allen & Hamilton Inc. Booz-Allen wrote the final report, and performed the following tasks as part of the assessment: assembled a database of key ZEV organizations, their products or services, and plans; described the current state of ZEV technologies; identified barriers to widespread ZEV deployment and projected future ZEV technical capabilities; and estimated the cost of ZEVs from 1998 to 2004. Data for the ZEV Technology Assessment were obtained from several sources, including the following: existing ZEV industry publications and Booz-Allen files; major automotive original equipment manufacturers; independent electric vehicle manufacturers; battery developers and manufacturers; infrastructure and component developers and manufacturers; the U.S. Department of Energy, the California Air Resources Board, and other concerned government agencies; trade associations such as the Electric Power Research Institute and the Electric Transportation Coalition; and public and private consortia. These sources were contacted by phone, mail, or in person. Some site visits of manufacturers also were conducted. Where possible, raw data were analyzed by Booz-Allen staff and/or verified by independent sources. Performance data from standardized test cycles were used as much as possible.

Woods, T.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Light-Duty Alternative Fuel Vehicles: Federal Test Procedure Emissions Results  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In support of the U.S. Department of Energy's development and deployment of alternative fuels for environmental and national security reasons, NREL has managed a series of light-duty vehicle emissions tests on alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs). The purpose of this report is to give a detailed evaluation of the final emissions test results on vehicles tested on methanol, ethanol, and compressed natural gas.

Kelly, K.; Eudy, L.; Coburn, T.

1999-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

313

Additional Development of a Dedicated Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Ultra Low Emissions Vehicle (ULEV)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes the last in a series of three projects designed to develop a commercially competitive LPG light-duty passenger car that meets California ULEV standards and corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) energy efficiency guidelines for such a vehicle. In this project, IMPCO upgraded the vehicle's LPG vapor fuel injection system and performed emissions testing. The vehicle met the 1998 ULEV standards successfully, demonstrating the feasibility of meeting ULEV standards with a dedicated LPG vehicle.

IMPCO Technologies

1998-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

314

Additional Development of a Dedicated Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Ultra Low Emissions Vehicle (ULEV)  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the last in a series of three projects designed to develop a commercially competitive LPG light-duty passenger car that meets California ULEV standards and corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) energy efficiency guidelines for such a vehicle. In this project, IMPCO upgraded the vehicle's LPG vapor fuel injection system and performed emissions testing. The vehicle met the 1998 ULEV standards successfully, demonstrating the feasibility of meeting ULEV standards with a dedicated LPG vehicle.

IMPCO Technologies

1998-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

315

A Soft-Switching Inverter for High-Temperature Advanced Hybrid Electric Vehicle Traction Motor Drives  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The state-of-the-art hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) require the inverter cooling system to have a separate loop to avoid power semiconductor junction over temperatures because the engine coolant temperature of 105?C does not allow for much temperature rise in silicon devices. The proposed work is to develop an advanced soft-switching inverter that will eliminate the device switching loss and cut down the power loss so that the inverter can operate at high-temperature conditions while operating at high switching frequencies with small current ripple in low inductance based permanent magnet motors. The proposed tasks also include high-temperature packaging and thermal modeling and simulation to ensure the packaged module can operate at the desired temperature. The developed module will be integrated with the motor and vehicle controller for dynamometer and in-vehicle testing to prove its superiority. This report will describe the detailed technical design of the soft-switching inverters and their test results. The experiments were conducted both in module level for the module conduction and switching characteristics and in inverter level for its efficiency under inductive and dynamometer load conditions. The performance will be compared with the DOE original specification.

None, None

2012-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

316

The Crafting of the National Low-Emission Vehicle Program: a Private Contract Theory of Public Rulemaking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and industry associations repre- senting service stations, vehicle dealerships, gas companies, emission control equip- ment manufacturers, electric

Fern, Danielle F.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Beyond Tailpipe Emissions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Beyond Tailpipe Emissions Beyond Tailpipe Emissions Greenhouse Gas Emissions for Electric and Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Driving your vehicle can yield both greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from your vehicle's tailpipe and GHG emissions related to the production of the fuel used to power your vehicle. For example, activities associated with fuel production such as feedstock extraction, feedstock transport to a processing plant, and conversion of feedstock to motor fuel, as well as distribution of the motor fuel, can all produce GHG emissions. The Fuel Economy and Environment Label provides a Greenhouse Gas Rating, from 1 (worst) to 10 (best), based on the vehicle's tailpipe carbon dioxide emissions only, and this rating does not reflect any GHG emissions associated with fuel production.

318

Propulsion system for a motor vehicle using a bidirectional energy converter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A motor vehicle propulsion system includes an electrical energy source and a traction motor coupled to receive electrical energy from the electrical energy source. The system also has a first bus provided electrical energy by the electrical energy source and a second bus of relatively lower voltage than the first bus. In addition, the system includes an electrically-driven source of reaction gas for the electrical energy source, the source of reaction gas coupled to receive electrical energy from the first bus. Also, the system has an electrical storage device coupled to the second bus for storing electrical energy at the lower voltage. The system also includes a bidirectional energy converter coupled to convert electrical energy from the first bus to the second bus and from the second bus to the first bus.

Tamor, Michael Alan (Toledo, OH); Gale, Allan Roy (Livonia, MI)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Measuring and Modeling Emissions from Extremely Low-Emitting Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1997. Analysis of modal emissions from diverse in-useof a Comprehensive Modal Emissions Model. Final reportof a Comprehensive Modal Emissions Model: Operating Under

Barth, M; Collins, J F; Scora, G; Davis, N; Norbeck, J N

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Measuring and Modeling Emissions from Extremely Low Emitting Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1997. Analysis of modal emissions from diverse in-useof a Comprehensive Modal Emissions Model. Final reportof a Comprehensive Modal Emissions Model: Operating Under

Barth, M; Collins, J F; Scora, G; Davis, N; Norbeck, J M

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor vehicle emission" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Vietnam-Integrated Action Plan to Reduce Vehicle Emissions | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vietnam-Integrated Action Plan to Reduce Vehicle Emissions Vietnam-Integrated Action Plan to Reduce Vehicle Emissions Jump to: navigation, search Name Vietnam-Integrated Action Plan to Reduce Vehicle Emissions Agency/Company /Organization Asian Development Bank Focus Area Transportation Topics Implementation, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type Guide/manual Website http://www.adb.org/documents/o Program Start 2002 Country Vietnam UN Region South-Eastern Asia References Vietnam-Integrated Action Plan to Reduce Vehicle Emissions[1] Background "A major goal of this strategy is to reduce mobile sources of air pollution in Viet Nam's largest cities. According to this strategy, industry, business units, management agencies and the transport sector must carefully control pollutant emissions such as carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide

322

State of California BOARD OF EQUALIZATION MOTOR VEHICLE FUEL TAX REGULATIONS Regulation 1178.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(a) GENERAL. A taxpayer shall maintain and make available for examination on request by the board or its authorized representatives, records in the manner set forth at California Code of Regulations, Title 18, Section 4901 (b) SPECIFIC APPLICATIONS. In addition to the record keeping requirements set forth in subdivision (a), suppliers shall comply with the following requirements. A supplier shall maintain complete records of all rack removals, sales, imports and exempt dispositions including exemption certificates, self-consumed fuel, inventories, purchases, receipts, and tank gaugings or meter readings, of motor vehicle and any other fuel that is required to be accounted for on the suppliers return or report. Such records include but are not limited to: (1) Refinery Reports related to the production of motor vehicle fuel. (2) Inventory reconciliation by location. (3) Storage inventory reports. (4) List of storage locations. (5) Tax returns from other states to support export claims. (6) Cardlock statements. (7) Calculations or formulas to support off-highway exempt usage.

unknown authors

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Overview of China's Vehicle Emission Control Program: Past Successes and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Overview of China's Vehicle Emission Control Program: Past Successes and Overview of China's Vehicle Emission Control Program: Past Successes and Future Prospects Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Overview of China's Vehicle Emission Control Program: Past Successes and Future Prospects Focus Area: Propane Topics: Socio-Economic Website: theicct.org/sites/default/files/publications/Retrosp_final_bilingual.p Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/overview-china's-vehicle-emission-con Language: "English,Chinese" is not in the list of possible values (Abkhazian, Achinese, Acoli, Adangme, Adyghe; Adygei, Afar, Afrihili, Afrikaans, Afro-Asiatic languages, Ainu, Akan, Akkadian, Albanian, Aleut, Algonquian languages, Altaic languages, Amharic, Angika, Apache languages, Arabic, Aragonese, Arapaho, Arawak, Armenian, Aromanian; Arumanian; Macedo-Romanian, Artificial languages, Assamese, Asturian; Bable; Leonese; Asturleonese, Athapascan languages, Australian languages, Austronesian languages, Avaric, Avestan, Awadhi, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Balinese, Baltic languages, Baluchi, Bambara, Bamileke languages, Banda languages, Bantu (Other), Basa, Bashkir, Basque, Batak languages, Beja; 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Kyrgyz, Klingon; tlhIngan-Hol, Komi, Kongo, Konkani, Korean, Kosraean, Kpelle, Kru languages, Kuanyama; Kwanyama, Kumyk, Kurdish, Kurukh, Kutenai, Ladino, Lahnda, Lamba, Land Dayak languages, Lao, Latin, Latvian, Lezghian, Limburgan; Limburger; Limburgish, Lingala, Lithuanian, Lojban, Lower Sorbian, Lozi, Luba-Katanga, Luba-Lulua, Luiseno, Lule Sami, Lunda, Luo (Kenya and Tanzania), Lushai, Luxembourgish; Letzeburgesch, Macedonian, Madurese, Magahi, Maithili, Makasar, Malagasy, Malay, Malayalam, Maltese, Manchu, Mandar, Mandingo, Manipuri, Manobo languages, Manx, Maori, Mapudungun; Mapuche, Marathi, Mari, Marshallese, Marwari, Masai, Mayan languages, Mende, Mi'kmaq; Micmac, Minangkabau, Mirandese, Mohawk, Moksha, Mon-Khmer languages, Mongo, Mongolian, Mossi, Multiple languages, Munda languages, N'Ko, Nahuatl languages, Nauru, Navajo; Navaho, Ndebele, North; North Ndebele, Ndebele, South; South Ndebele, Ndonga, Neapolitan, Nepal Bhasa; Newari, Nepali, Nias, Niger-Kordofanian languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Niuean, North American Indian languages, Northern Frisian, Northern Sami, Norwegian, Nubian languages, Nyamwezi, Nyankole, Nyoro, Nzima, Occitan (post 1500); Provençal, Ojibwa, Oriya, Oromo, Osage, Ossetian; Ossetic, Otomian languages, Pahlavi, Palauan, Pali, Pampanga; Kapampangan, Pangasinan, Panjabi; Punjabi, Papiamento, Papuan languages, Pedi; Sepedi; Northern Sotho, Persian, Philippine languages, Phoenician, Pohnpeian, Polish, Portuguese, Prakrit languages, Pushto; Pashto, Quechua, Rajasthani, Rapanui, Rarotongan; Cook Islands Maori, Romance languages, Romanian; Moldavian; Moldovan, Romansh, Romany, Rundi, Russian, Salishan languages, Samaritan Aramaic, Sami languages, Samoan, Sandawe, Sango, Sanskrit, Santali, Sardinian, Sasak, Scots, Selkup, Semitic languages, Serbian, Serer, Shan, Shona, Sichuan Yi; Nuosu, Sicilian, Sidamo, Sign Languages, Siksika, Sindhi, Sinhala; Sinhalese, Sino-Tibetan languages, Siouan languages, Skolt Sami, Slave (Athapascan), Slavic languages, Slovak, Slovenian, Sogdian, Somali, Songhai languages, Soninke, Sorbian languages, Sotho, Southern, South American Indian (Other), Southern Altai, Southern Sami, Spanish; Castilian, Sranan Tongo, Sukuma, Sumerian, Sundanese, Susu, Swahili, Swati, Swedish, Swiss German; Alemannic; Alsatian, Syriac, Tagalog, Tahitian, Tai languages, Tajik, Tamashek, Tamil, Tatar, Telugu, Tereno, Tetum, Thai, Tibetan, Tigre, Tigrinya, Timne, Tiv, Tlingit, Tok Pisin, Tokelau, Tonga (Nyasa), Tonga (Tonga Islands), Tsimshian, Tsonga, Tswana, Tumbuka, Tupi languages, Turkish, Turkmen, Tuvalu, Tuvinian, Twi, Udmurt, Ugaritic, Uighur; Uyghur, Ukrainian, Umbundu, Uncoded languages, Undetermined, Upper Sorbian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vai, Venda, Vietnamese, Volapük, Votic, Wakashan languages, Walamo, Walloon, Waray, Washo, Welsh, Western Frisian, Wolof, Xhosa, Yakut, Yao, Yapese, Yiddish, Yoruba, Yupik languages, Zande languages, Zapotec, Zaza; Dimili; Dimli; Kirdki; Kirmanjki; Zazaki, Zenaga, Zhuang; Chuang, Zulu, Zuni) for this property.

324

Diesel Exhaust Emissions Control for Light-Duty Vehicles  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this paper is to present the results of diesel exhaust aftertreatment testing and analysis done under the FreedomCAR program. Nitrogen Oxides (NOx) adsorber technology was selected based on a previous investigation of various NOx aftertreatment technologies including non-thermal plasma, NOx adsorber and active lean NOx. Particulate Matter (PM) emissions were addressed by developing a catalyzed particulate filter. After various iterations of the catalyst formulation, the aftertreatment components were integrated and optimized for a light duty vehicle application. This compact exhaust aftertreatment system is dual leg and consists of a sulfur trap, NOx adsorbers, and catalyzed particulate filters (CPF). During regeneration, supplementary ARCO ECD low-sulfur diesel fuel is injected upstream of the adsorber and CPF in the exhaust. Steady state and transient emission test results with and without the exhaust aftertreatment system (EAS) are presented. Results of soot filter regeneration by injecting low-sulfur diesel fuel and slip of unregulated emissions, such as NH3, are discussed. Effects of adsorber size and bypass strategy on NOx conversion efficiency and fuel economy penalty are also presented in this paper. The results indicate that if the supplementary fuel injection is optimized, NH3 slip is negligible. During the FTP cycle, injection of low sulfur diesel fuel can create temperature exotherms high enough to regenerate a loaded CPF. With the optimized NOx adsorber regeneration strategies the fuel injection penalty can be reduced by 40 to 50%. Results for various other issues like low temperature light off, reductant optimization, exhaust sulfur management, system integration and design trade-off, are also presented and discussed in this paper. (SAE Paper SAE-2003-01-0041 2003 SAE International. This paper is published on this website with permission from SAE International. As a user of this website, you are permitted to view this paper on-line, download this pdf file and print one copy of this paper at no cost for your use only. The downloaded pdf file and printout of this SAE paper may not be copied, distributed or forwarded to others or for the use of others.)

Mital, R.; Li, J.; Huang, S. C.; Stroia, B. J.; Yu, R. C. (Cummins, Inc.); Anderson, J.A. (Argonne National Laboratory); Howden, Kenneth C. (U.S. Department of Energy)

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Fuel-cycle energy and emissions impacts of tripled fuel economy vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper presents estimates of the full cycle energy and emissions impacts of light-duty vehicles with tripled fuel economy (3X vehicles) as currently being developed by the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles (PNGV). Seven engine and fuel combinations were analyzed: reformulated gasoline, methanol, and ethanol in spark-ignition, direct-injection engines; low sulfur diesel and dimethyl ether in compression-ignition, direct-injection engines; and hydrogen and methanol in fuel-cell vehicles. The fuel efficiency gain by 3X vehicles translated directly into reductions in total energy demand, petroleum demand, and carbon dioxide emissions. The combination of fuel substitution and fuel efficiency resulted in substantial reductions in emissions of nitrogen oxide, carbon monoxide, volatile organic compounds, sulfur oxide, and particulate matter smaller than 10 microns, particularly under the High Market Share Scenario.

Mintz, M.M.; Wang, M.Q.; Vyas, A.D.

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

326

An Emission Saved is an Emission Earned: An Empirical Study of Emission Banking for Light-Duty Vehicle Manufacturers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

costs across vehicles and manufacturers are equal. In thefor individual vehicles and manufacturers differ from thefor Light-Duty Vehicle Manufacturers Jonathan D. Rubin

Rubin, Jonathan D.; Kling, Catherine

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Regulatory Control of Vehicle and Power Plant Emissions: How Effective and at What Cost?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Passenger vehicles and power plants are major sources of greenhouse gas emissions. While economic analyses generally indicate that a broader market-based approach to greenhouse gas reduction would be less costly and more ...

Paltsev, S.

328

ON-ROAD REMOTE SENSING OF VEHICLE EMISSIONS IN MONTERREY, N.L. MEXICO  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ON-ROAD REMOTE SENSING OF VEHICLE EMISSIONS IN MONTERREY, N.L. MEXICO Final Report Prepared for the University of Denver traveled to Monterrey, N.L. Mexico to monitor remotely the carbon monoxide (CO

Denver, University of

329

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #783: June 10, 2013 Emissions...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Conventional Internal Combustion Engine Vehicles Gasoline 220 Diesel 210 Natural Gas 200 Corn Ethanol (E85) 170 Cellulosic E85 66 Cellulosic Gasoline 76 Gasoline 170 Hybrid...

330

The Impact of Motor Vehicle Operation on Water Quality: A Premilinary Assessment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Institute), 1997. Used Motor Oil Collection and Recycling. Amillion gallons of used motor oil are improperly dischargedLike crude oil slicks, used motor oil can destroy aquatic

Nixon, Hillary; Saphores, Jean-Daniel

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Latest techniques and equipment for the conversion of motor vehicles to LPG/petroleum use  

SciTech Connect

Liquified petroleum gases (LPG) has been used for transportation in Europe, the United States, Japan and to a much lesser extent in Australia for many years. In most cases, the vehicles have been powered by engines designed for petrol operation and subsequently converted to use LPG. The application of LPG as an automotive fuel in different countries depends heavily on the availability of the fuel and the tax policy of the government. The demand for dual fuel equipment is increasing. Some of the problems facing Australia to convert vehicles to LPG use emphasize the institutional and hardware obstacles. Before LPG can be considered to be a safe, viable alternative fuel to petrol, improvements will have to be made in safety standards, in reduced exhaust emissions, in increased fuel efficiency, and in the involvement of car manufacturers. (SAC)

Armstrong, R.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Emission Control Cost-Effectiveness of Alternative-Fuel Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

r---1 DF LPG M85 FFV J E85 FFV M100 FFV S/ton (Thousands)Vehicles MI00 DedL Vehicles E85 FFVs LPGVs Dual-Fuel CNGVsM85 Dedi. M1 00 DF LPG M85 FFV E85 FFV M100 FFV S/ton 3O (

Wang, Quanlu; Sperling, Daniel; Olmstead, Janis

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Emission Control Cost-Effectiveness of Alternative-Fuel Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

~ of AFVs, Including Air-Toxic Vehicle Type Dedi. CNGDF CNG EV Dedi. M85 EE3 DedL M100 r---1 DF LPG M85 FFV J E85decrease. Vehicle Type Oedi. CNG DF CNG EV Dedi. M85 Dedi.

Wang, Quanlu; Sperling, Daniel; Olmstead, Janis

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Fuel-cycle energy and emissions impacts of tripled fuel-economy vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper presents estimates of the fill fuel-cycle energy and emissions impacts of light-duty vehicles with tripled fuel economy (3X vehicles) as currently being developed by the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles (PNGV). Seven engine and fuel combinations were analyzed: reformulated gasoline, methanol, and ethanol in spark-ignition, direct-injection engines; low-sulfur diesel and dimethyl ether in compression-ignition, direct-injection engines; and hydrogen and methanol in fuel-cell vehicles. Results were obtained for three scenarios: a Reference Scenario without PNGVs, a High Market Share Scenario in which PNGVs account for 60% of new light-duty vehicle sales by 2030, and a Low Market Share Scenario in which PNGVs account for half as many sales by 2030. Under the higher of these two, the fuel-efficiency gain by 3X vehicles translated directly into a nearly 50% reduction in total energy demand, petroleum demand, and carbon dioxide emissions. The combination of fuel substitution and fuel efficiency resulted in substantial reductions in emissions of nitrogen oxide (NO{sub x}), carbon monoxide (CO), volatile organic compounds (VOCs), sulfur oxide, (SO{sub x}), and particulate matter smaller than 10 microns (PM{sub 10}) for most of the engine-fuel combinations examined. The key exceptions were diesel- and ethanol-fueled vehicles for which PM{sub 10} emissions increased.

Mintz, M. M.; Vyas, A. D.; Wang, M. Q.

1997-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

335

The impact of electric vehicles on CO[sub 2] emissions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A number of recent studies have examined the greenhouse gas emissions of various light duty vehicle alternatives in some detail. These studies have highlighted the extreme range of predicted net greenhouse gas emissions depending on scenarios for fuel types, vehicle and power generation efficiencies, the relative greenhouse contributions of emitted gases and a number of uncertainties in fuel chain efficiencies. Despite the potential range of results, most studies have confirmed that electric vehicles generally have significant potential for reducing greenhouse gas emissions relative to gasoline and most alternative fuels under consideration. This report summarizes the results of a study which builds on previous efforts with a particular emphasis on: (1) A detailed analysis of ICEV, FCV, and EV vehicle technology and electric power generation technology. Most previous transportation greenhouse studies have focused on characterization of fuel chains that have relatively high efficiency (65--85%) when compared with power generation (30--40%) and vehicle driveline (13--16%) efficiencies. (2) A direct comparison of EVs, FCVs with gasoline and dedicated alternative fuel, ICEVs using equivalent vehicle technology assumptions with careful attention to likely technology improvements in both types of vehicles. (3) Consideration of fuel cell vehicles and associated hydrogen infrastructure. (4) Extension of analyses for several decades to assess the prospects for EVs with a longer term prospective.

Bentley, J.M.; Teagan, P.; Walls, D.; Balles, E.; Parish, T. (Little (Arthur D.), Inc., Cambridge, MA (United States))

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

The impact of electric vehicles on CO{sub 2} emissions. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A number of recent studies have examined the greenhouse gas emissions of various light duty vehicle alternatives in some detail. These studies have highlighted the extreme range of predicted net greenhouse gas emissions depending on scenarios for fuel types, vehicle and power generation efficiencies, the relative greenhouse contributions of emitted gases and a number of uncertainties in fuel chain efficiencies. Despite the potential range of results, most studies have confirmed that electric vehicles generally have significant potential for reducing greenhouse gas emissions relative to gasoline and most alternative fuels under consideration. This report summarizes the results of a study which builds on previous efforts with a particular emphasis on: (1) A detailed analysis of ICEV, FCV, and EV vehicle technology and electric power generation technology. Most previous transportation greenhouse studies have focused on characterization of fuel chains that have relatively high efficiency (65--85%) when compared with power generation (30--40%) and vehicle driveline (13--16%) efficiencies. (2) A direct comparison of EVs, FCVs with gasoline and dedicated alternative fuel, ICEVs using equivalent vehicle technology assumptions with careful attention to likely technology improvements in both types of vehicles. (3) Consideration of fuel cell vehicles and associated hydrogen infrastructure. (4) Extension of analyses for several decades to assess the prospects for EVs with a longer term prospective.

Bentley, J.M.; Teagan, P.; Walls, D.; Balles, E.; Parish, T. [Little (Arthur D.), Inc., Cambridge, MA (United States)

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Gasoline-fueled hybrid vs. conventional vehicle emissions and fuel economy.  

SciTech Connect

This paper addresses the relative fuel economy and emissions behavior, both measured and modeled, of technically comparable, contemporary hybrid and conventional vehicles fueled by gasoline, in terms of different driving cycles. Criteria pollutants (hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, and nitrogen oxides) are discussed, and the potential emissions benefits of designing hybrids for grid connection are briefly considered. In 1997, Toyota estimated that their grid-independent hybrid vehicle would obtain twice the fuel economy of a comparable conventional vehicle on the Japan 10/15 mode driving cycle. This initial result, as well as the fuel economy level (66 mpg), made its way into the U.S. press. Criteria emissions amounting to one-tenth of Japanese standards were cited, and some have interpreted these results to suggest that the grid-independent hybrid can reduce criteria emissions in the U.S. more sharply than can a conventional gasoline vehicle. This paper shows that the potential of contemporary grid-independent hybrid vehicle technology for reducing emissions and fuel consumption under U.S. driving conditions is less than some have inferred. The importance (and difficulty) of doing test and model assessments with comparable driving cycles, comparable emissions control technology, and comparable performance capabilities is emphasized. Compared with comparable-technology conventional vehicles, grid-independent hybrids appear to have no clear criteria pollutant benefits (or disbenefits). (Such benefits are clearly possible with grid-connectable hybrids operating in zero emissions mode.) However, significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions (i.e., fuel consumption) are possible with hybrid vehicles when they are used to best advantage.

Anderson, J.; Bharathan, D.; He, J.; Plotkin, S.; Santini, D.; Vyas, A.

1999-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

338

Development of a dedicated ethanol ultra-low-emissions vehicle (ULEV): Phase 3 report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of the 3.5 year project discussed in this report was to develop a commercially competitive vehicle powered by ethanol (or an ethanol blend) that can meet California`s Ultra Low Emissions Vehicle (ULEV) standards and equivalent Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) energy efficiency for a light duty passenger car application. This particular report summarizes the third phase of the project, which lasted 12 months. Emissions tests were conducted with advanced after-treatment devices on one of the two, almost identical, test vehicles, a 1993 Ford Taurus flexible fuel vehicle. The report also covers tests on the engine removed from the second Taurus vehicle. This engine was modified for an increased compression ratio, fitted with air assist injectors, and included an advanced engine control system with model-based control.

Dodge, L.; Callahan, T.; Leone, D.; Naegeli, D.; Shouse, K.; Smith, L.; Whitney, K. [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (United States)] [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (United States)

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Texas AgriLife Research Procedure 24.01.01.A1.02 Motor Vehicle Accident Reports Page 1 of 2 Texas AgriLife Research Procedures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Texas AgriLife Research Procedure 24.01.01.A1.02 Motor Vehicle Accident Reports Page 1 of 2 Texas Revised: November 13, 2010 Next Scheduled Review: November 13, 2012 PROCEDURE STATEMENT The Texas A vehicle operators in the event of a vehicle accident involving a Texas AgriLife Research (Agri

340

Effect of E85 on Tailpipe Emissions from Light-Duty Vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

E85, which consists of nominally 85% fuel grade ethanol and 15% gasoline, must be used in flexible-fuel (or 'flexfuel') vehicles (FFVs) that can operate on fuel with an ethanol content of 0-85%. Published studies include measurements of the effect of E85 on tailpipe emissions for Tier 1 and older vehicles. Car manufacturers have also supplied a large body of FFV certification data to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, primarily on Tier 2 vehicles. These studies and certification data reveal wide variability in the effects of E85 on emissions from different vehicles. Comparing Tier 1 FFVs running on E85 to similar non-FFVs running on gasoline showed, on average, significant reductions in emissions of oxides of nitrogen (NOx; 54%), non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHCs; 27%), and carbon monoxide (CO; 18%) for E85. Comparing Tier 2 FFVs running on E85 and comparable non-FFVs running on gasoline shows, for E85 on average, a significant reduction in emissions of CO (20%), and no significant effect on emissions of non-methane organic gases (NMOGs). NOx emissions from Tier 2 FFVs averaged approximately 28% less than comparable non-FFVs. However, perhaps because of the wide range of Tier 2 NOx standards, the absolute difference in NOx emissions between Tier 2 FFVs and non-FFVs is not significant (P 0.28). It is interesting that Tier 2 FFVs operating on gasoline produced approximately 13% less NMOGs than non-FFVs operating on gasoline. The data for Tier 1 vehicles show that E85 will cause significant reductions in emissions of benzene and butadiene, and significant increases in emissions of formaldehyde and acetaldehyde, in comparison to emissions from gasoline in both FFVs and non-FFVs. The compound that makes up the largest proportion of organic emissions from E85-fueled FFVs is ethanol.

Yanowitz, J.; McCormick, R. L.

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor vehicle emission" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Study of the Advantages of Internal Permanent Magnet Drive Motor with Selectable Windings for Hybrid-Electric Vehicles  

SciTech Connect

This report describes research performed on the viability of changing the effectively active number of turns in the stator windings of an internal permanent magnet (IPM) electric motor to strengthen or weaken the magnetic fields in order to optimize the motor's performance at specific operating speeds and loads. Analytical and simulation studies have been complemented with research on switching mechanisms to accomplish the task. The simulation studies conducted examine the power and energy demands on a vehicle following a series of standard driving cycles and the impact on the efficiency and battery size of an electrically propelled vehicle when it uses an IPM motor with turn-switching capabilities. Both full driving cycle electric propulsion and propulsion limited starting from zero to a set speed have been investigated.

Otaduy, P.J.; Hsu, J.S.; Adams, D.J.

2007-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

342

Vehicle-emission characteristics using mechanically emulsified alcohol/diesel fuels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A light-duty diesel vehicle fueled with an emulsified alcohol/diesel fuel was operated under cyclic mode. Emission and fuel economy measurements were taken during vehicle operation. The test results showed the volumetric fuel economy decreased slightly. Carbon monoxide emissions increased slightly, and oxides of nitrogen showed no significant change. Particulate emissions were reduced slightly, and the particulate extractables increased slightly. The environmental effect of these data cancel each other resulting in no significant changes in the total release of biological activity into the environment.

Allsup, J.R.; Seizinger, D.E.; Cox, F.W.; Brook, A.L.; McClellan, R.O.

1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Electric Vehicles: Performances, Life Cycle Costs, Emissions, and Recharging Requirements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

P. Davis I. (1988) R. ETX-II propulsion system industry..,sulfur batteryfor the ETX-II propuLsion system. Proca. ,9thsulphur battery, in the ETX-II test vehicle. The ETX-II test

DeLuchi, Mark A.; Wang, Quanlu; Sperling, Daniel

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

The origin of Californias zero emission vehicle mandate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

them. Staff estimates of battery costs were questioned, how-has always been battery technology and costs. In 1990, whenmate of the additional cost of a battery electric vehicle,

Sperling, Dan; Collantes, Gustavo O

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Emissions results for dedicated propane Chrysler minivans: the 1996 propane vehicle challenge  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (US DOE), through Argonne National Laboratory, and in cooperation with Natural Resources-Canada and Chrysler Canada, sponsored and organized the 1996 Propane Vehicle Challenge (PVC). For this competition , 13 university teams from North America each received a stock Chrysler minivan to be converted to dedicated propane operation while maintaining maximum production feasibility. The converted vehicles were tested for performance (driveability, cold- and hot-start, acceleration, range, and fuel economy) and exhaust emissions. Of the 13 entries for the 1996 PVC, 10 completed all of the events scheduled, including the emissions test. The schools used a variety of fuel-management, fuel-phase and engine-control strategies, but their strategies can be summarized as three main types: liquid fuel-injection, gaseous fuel-injection, and gaseous carburetor. The converted vehicles performed similarly to the gasoline minivan. The University of Windsor`s minivan had the lowest emissions attaining ULEV levels with a gaseous-injected engine. The Texas A&M vehicle, which had a gaseous-fuel injection system, and the GMI Engineering and Management Institute`s vehicle, which had a liquid-injection system both reached LEV levels. Vehicles with an injection fuel system (liquid or gaseous) performed better in terms of emissions than carbureted systems. Liquid injection appeared to be the best option for fuel metering and control for propane, but more research and calibration are necessary to improve the reliability and performance of this design.

Buitrago, C.; Sluder, S.; Larsen, R.

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Development of a dedicated ethanol ultra-low emission vehicle (ULEV) system design  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this 3.5 year project is to develop a commercially competitive vehicle powered by ethanol (or ethanol blend) that can meet California`s ultra-low emission vehicle (ULEV) standards and equivalent corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) energy efficiency for a light-duty passenger car application. The definition of commercially competitive is independent of fuel cost, but does include technical requirements for competitive power, performance, refueling times, vehicle range, driveability, fuel handling safety, and overall emissions performance. This report summarizes a system design study completed after six months of effort on this project. The design study resulted in recommendations for ethanol-fuel blends that shall be tested for engine low-temperature cold-start performance and other criteria. The study also describes three changes to the engine, and two other changes to the vehicle to improve low-temperature starting, efficiency, and emissions. The three engine changes are to increase the compression ratio, to replace the standard fuel injectors with fine spray injectors, and to replace the powertrain controller. The two other vehicle changes involve the fuel tank and the aftertreatment system. The fuel tank will likely need to be replaced to reduce evaporative emissions. In addition to changes in the main catalyst, supplemental aftertreatment systems will be analyzed to reduce emissions before the main catalyst reaches operating temperature.

Bourn, G.; Callahan, T.; Dodge, L.; Mulik, J.; Naegeli, D.; Shouse, K.; Smith, L.; Whitney, K. [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (United States)

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Well-to-Wheels Analysis of Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

This report examines energy use and emissions from primary energy source through vehicle operation to help researchers understand the impact of the upstream mix of electricity generation technologies

348

Development of a dedicated ethanol ultra-low emission vehicle (ULEV) -- Phase 2 report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this 3.5-year project is to develop a commercially competitive vehicle powered by ethanol (or an ethanol blend) that can meet California`s ultra-low emission vehicle (ULEV) standards and equivalent corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) energy efficiency for a light-duty passenger car application. The definition of commercially competitive is independent of fuel cost, but does include technical requirements for competitive power, performance, refueling times, vehicle range, driveability, fuel handling safety, and overall emissions performance. This report summarizes the second phase of this project, which lasted 12 months. This report documents two baseline vehicles, the engine modifications made to the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) engines, advanced aftertreatment testing, and various fuel tests to evaluate the flammability, lubricity, and material compatibility of the ethanol fuel blends.

Dodge, L.G.; Bourn, G.; Callahan, T.J.; Naegeli, D.W.; Shouse, K.R.; Smith, L.R.; Whitney, K.A. [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (United States)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Comparative Emissions Testing of Vehicles Aged on E0, E15 and E20 Fuels  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Energy Independence and Security Act passed into law in December 2007 has mandated the use of 36 billion ethanol equivalent gallons per year of renewable fuel by 2022. A primary pathway to achieve this national goal is to increase the amount of ethanol blended into gasoline. This study is part of a multi-laboratory test program coordinated by DOE to evaluate the effect of higher ethanol blends on vehicle exhaust emissions over the lifetime of the vehicle.

Vertin, K.; Glinsky, G.; Reek, A.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Impacts of motor vehicle operation on water quality - Clean-up Costs and Policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and recycling. API used motor oil FAQs. Available from:improperly discharged used motor oil pollute streams, lakes,refined products such as motor oil and gasoline are more

Nixon, Hilary; Saphores, Jean-Daniel M

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

The Impacts of Motor Vehicle Operation on Water Quality: A Preliminary Assessment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

million gallons of used motor oil are improperly discharged3 Like crude oil slicks, used motor oil can destroy aquaticrefined products such as motor oil and gasoline are more

Nixon, Hilary; Saphores, Jean-Daniel M

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

The Cost of Crop Damage Caused by Ozone Air Pollution From Motor Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

transportation fuels, oil-production ?elds, motor-vehiclethe production of crude oil used to make motor fuel, thethe production of crude oil used to make motor fuel, the

Murphy, James; Delucchi, Mark; McCubbin, Donald; Kim, H.J.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

The Cost of Crop Damage Caused by Ozone Air Pollution From Motor Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

transportation fuels, oil-production fields, motor-vehiclethe production of crude oil used to make motor fuel, thethe production of crude oil used to make motor fuel, the

Delucchi, Mark A.; Murphy, James; Kim, Jin; McCubbin, Donald R.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Vehicle Technologies Office: 2003 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3: Fuels and Lubrication, Part 2 Emissions from Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine with Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) using Oil Sands Derived Fuels Stuart Neill National Research...

355

Htfiffi m'* Effects of Alternative Fuels on Vehicle Emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

| Issue 1 | Winter 2013 17 16 16 TransForum In order for CNG to take hold, many more stations will need the country will have to be increased. There are roughly 500 publicly available CNG refueling stations automotive industry leaders test and analyze CNG vehicles. In particular, Argonne's Greenhouse Gases

356

California's Zero Emission Vehicle Program Cleaner air needed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

these highly functional vehicles and called for more. The regulation also spurred advances in natural gas regulation ­or "ZEV Mandate"as it is sometimes called -- required automakers to put small demonstration. Benefits of the ZEV Regulation The benefits of the ZEV regulation are now apparent: The major automakers

Gille, Sarah T.

357

Development of a dedicated ethanol ultra-low emission vehicle (ULEV): Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this project was to develop a commercially competitive vehicle powered by ethanol (or an ethanol blend) that can meet California`s ultra-low emission vehicle (ULEV) standards and equivalent corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) energy efficiency for a light-duty passenger car application. The definition of commercially competitive is independent of fuel cost, but does include technical requirements for competitive power, performance, refueling times, vehicle range, driveability, fuel handling safety, and overall emissions performance. This report summarizes the fourth and final phase of this project, and also the overall project. The focus of this report is the technology used to develop a dedicated ethanol-fueled ULEV, and the emissions results documenting ULV performance. Some of the details for the control system and hardware changes are presented in two appendices that are SAE papers. The demonstrator vehicle has a number of advanced technological features, but it is currently configured with standard original equipment manufacturer (OEM) under-engine catalysts. Close-coupled catalysts would improve emissions results further, but no close-coupled catalysts were available for this testing. Recently, close-coupled catalysts were obtained, but installation and testing will be performed in the future. This report also briefly summarizes work in several other related areas that supported the demonstrator vehicle work.

Dodge, L.; Bourn, G.; Callahan, T.; Grogan, J.; Leone, D.; Naegeli, D.; Shouse, K.; Thring, R.; Whitney, K. [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (United States)

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

PM Motor Parametric Design Analyses for Hybrid Electric Vehicle Traction Drive Application: Interim Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of FreedomCAR (Cooperative Automotive Research) and Vehicle Technologies has a strong interest in making rapid progress in permanent magnet (PM) machine development. The program is directing various technology development projects that will advance the technology and lead to request for proposals (RFP) for manufacturer prototypes. This aggressive approach is possible because the technology is clearly within reach and the approach is deemed essential, based on strong market demand, escalating fuel prices, and competitive considerations. In response, this study began parallel development paths that included a literature search/review, development and utilization of multiple parametric models to determine the effects of design parameters, verification of the modeling methodology, development of an interior PM (IPM) machine baseline design, development of alternative machine baseline designs, and cost analyses for several candidate machines. This interim progress report summarizes the results of these activities as of June 2004. This report provides background and summary information for recent machine parametric studies and testing programs that demonstrate both the potential capabilities and technical limitations of brushless PM machines (axial gap and radial gap), the IPM machine, the surface-mount PM machines (interior or exterior rotor), induction machines, and switched reluctance machines. The FreedomCAR program, while acknowledging the progress made by Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Delphi, Delco-Remy International, and others in these programs, has redirected efforts toward a ''short path'' to a marketable and competitive PM motor for hybrid electric vehicle traction applications. The program has developed a set of performance targets for the type of traction machine desired. The short-path approach entails a comprehensive design effort focusing on the IPM machine and meeting the performance targets. The selection of the IPM machine reflects industry's confidence in this market-proven design that exhibits a power density surpassed by no other machine design.

Staunton, R.H.

2004-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

359

PLUG-IN HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE AND HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE EMISSIONS UNDER FTP AND US06 CYCLES AT HIGH, AMBIENT, AND LOW TEMPERATURES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The concept of a Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) is to displace consumption of gasoline by using electricity from the vehicles large battery pack to power the vehicle as much as possible with minimal engine operation. This paper assesses the PHEV emissions and operation. Currently, testing of vehicle emissions is done using the federal standard FTP4 cycle on a dynamometer at ambient (75F) temperatures. Research was also completed using the US06 cycle. Furthermore, research was completed at high (95F) and low (20F) temperatures. Initial dynamometer testing was performed on a stock Toyota Prius under the standard FTP4 cycle, and the more demanding US06 cycle. Each cycle was run at 95F, 75F, and 20F. The testing was repeated with the same Prius retrofi tted with an EnergyCS Plug-in Hybrid Electric system. The results of the testing confi rm that the stock Prius meets Super-Ultra Low Emission Vehicle requirements under current testing procedures, while the PHEV Prius under current testing procedures were greater than Super-Ultra Low Emission Vehicle requirements, but still met Ultra Low Emission Vehicle requirements. Research points to the catalyst temperature being a critical factor in meeting emission requirements. Initial engine emissions pass through with minimal conversion until the catalyst is heated to typical operating temperatures of 300400C. PHEVs also have trouble maintaining the minimum catalyst temperature throughout the entire test because the engine is turned off when the battery can support the load. It has been observed in both HEVs and PHEVs that the catalyst is intermittently unable to reduce nitrogen oxide emissions, which causes further emission releases. Research needs to be done to combat the initial emission spikes caused by a cold catalyst. Research also needs to be done to improve the reduction of nitrogen oxides by the catalyst system.

Seidman, M.R.; Markel, T.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Environmental Assessment of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles, Volume 1: Nationwide Greenhouse Gas Emissions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Environmental Assessment of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Volume 1: Nationwide Greenhouse Gas Emissions Environmental Assessment of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Volume 1: Nationwide Greenhouse Gas Emissions 1015325 Final Report, July 2007 Each of the ... scenarios showed significant Greenhouse Gas reductions due to PHEV fleet penetration ... ... PHEVs adoption results in significant reduction in the consumption of petroleum fuels. ' ' DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES AND LIMITATION OF LIABILITIES THIS DOCUMENT WAS PREPARED BY THE ORGANIZATION(S) NAMED BELOW AS AN ACCOUNT OF WORK SPONSORED OR COSPONSORED BY THE ELECTRIC POWER RESEARCH INSTITUTE, INC. (EPRI). NEITHER EPRI, ANY MEMBER OF EPRI, ANY COSPONSOR, THE ORGANIZATION(S) BELOW, NOR ANY PERSON ACTING

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor vehicle emission" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

NMOG Emissions Characterizations and Estimation for Vehicles Using Ethanol-Blended Fuels  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Ethanol is a biofuel commonly used in gasoline blends to displace petroleum consumption; its utilization is on the rise in the United States, spurred by the biofuel utilization mandates put in place by the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA). The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has the statutory responsibility to implement the EISA mandates through the promulgation of the Renewable Fuel Standard. EPA has historically mandated an emissions certification fuel specification that calls for ethanol-free fuel, except for the certification of flex-fuel vehicles. However, since the U.S. gasoline marketplace is now virtually saturated with E10, some organizations have suggested that inclusion of ethanol in emissions certification fuels would be appropriate. The test methodologies and calculations contained in the Code of Federal Regulations for gasoline-fueled vehicles have been developed with the presumption that the certification fuel does not contain ethanol; thus, a number of technical issues would require resolution before such a change could be accomplished. This report makes use of the considerable data gathered during the mid-level blends testing program to investigate one such issue: estimation of non-methane organic gas (NMOG) emissions. The data reported in this paper were gathered from over 600 cold-start Federal Test Procedure (FTP) tests conducted on 68 vehicles representing 21 models from model year 2000 to 2009. Most of the vehicles were certified to the Tier-2 emissions standard, but several older Tier-1 and national low emissions vehicle program (NLEV) vehicles were also included in the study. Exhaust speciation shows that ethanol, acetaldehyde, and formaldehyde dominate the oxygenated species emissions when ethanol is blended into the test fuel. A set of correlations were developed that are derived from the measured non-methane hydrocarbon (NMHC) emissions and the ethanol blend level in the fuel. These correlations were applied to the measured NMHC emissions from the mid-level ethanol blends testing program and the results compared against the measured NMOG emissions. The results show that the composite FTP NMOG emissions estimate has an error of 0.0015 g/mile {+-}0.0074 for 95% of the test results. Estimates for the individual phases of the FTP are also presented with similar error levels. A limited number of tests conducted using the LA92, US06, and highway fuel economy test cycles show that the FTP correlation also holds reasonably well for these cycles, though the error level relative to the measured NMOG value increases for NMOG emissions less than 0.010 g/mile.

Sluder, Scott [ORNL; West, Brian H [ORNL

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

NMOG Emissions Characterization and Estimation for Vehicles Using Ethanol-Blended Fuels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ethanol is a biofuel commonly used in gasoline blends to displace petroleum consumption; its utilization is on the rise in the United States, spurred by the biofuel utilization mandates put in place by the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA). The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has the statutory responsibility to implement the EISA mandates through the promulgation of the Renewable Fuel Standard. EPA has historically mandated an emissions certification fuel specification that calls for ethanol-free fuel, except for the certification of flex-fuel vehicles. However, since the U.S. gasoline marketplace is now virtually saturated with E10, some organizations have suggested that inclusion of ethanol in emissions certification fuels would be appropriate. The test methodologies and calculations contained in the Code of Federal Regulations for gasoline-fueled vehicles have been developed with the presumption that the certification fuel does not contain ethanol; thus, a number of technical issues would require resolution before such a change could be accomplished. This report makes use of the considerable data gathered during the mid-level blends testing program to investigate one such issue: estimation of non-methane organic gas (NMOG) emissions. The data reported in this paper were gathered from over 600 cold-start Federal Test Procedure (FTP) tests conducted on 68 vehicles representing 21 models from model year 2000 to 2009. Most of the vehicles were certified to the Tier-2 emissions standard, but several older Tier-1 and national low emissions vehicle program (NLEV) vehicles were also included in the study. Exhaust speciation shows that ethanol, acetaldehyde, and formaldehyde dominate the oxygenated species emissions when ethanol is blended into the test fuel. A set of correlations were developed that are derived from the measured non-methane hydrocarbon (NMHC) emissions and the ethanol blend level in the fuel. These correlations were applied to the measured NMHC emissions from the mid-level ethanol blends testing program and the results compared against the measured NMOG emissions. The results show that the composite FTP NMOG emissions estimate has an error of 0.0015 g/mile {+-}0.0074 for 95% of the test results. Estimates for the individual phases of the FTP are also presented with similar error levels. A limited number of tests conducted using the LA92, US06, and highway fuel economy test cycles show that the FTP correlation also holds reasonably well for these cycles, though the error level relative to the measured NMOG value increases for NMOG emissions less than 0.010 g/mile.

Sluder, Scott [ORNL; West, Brian H [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Vehicles  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) supports the development and deployment of advanced vehicle technologies, including advances in electric vehicles, engine efficiency, and lightweight materials....

364

OR Forum---Modeling the Impacts of Electricity Tariffs on Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Charging, Costs, and Emissions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) have been touted as a transportation technology with lower fuel costs and emissions impacts than other vehicle types. Most analyses of PHEVs assume that the power system operator can either directly or indirectly ... Keywords: environment, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, pricing

Ramteen Sioshansi

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

The Contribution of Motor Vehicles and Other Sources to Ambient Air Pollution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

industries Petrol evaporation Gasoline vehicle exhaustb Solvents and storage Fuel combustion by electric

Delucchi, Mark A.; McCubbin, Donald R.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Vehicle tail pipe emissions. A comparison of natural gas and petrol injection  

SciTech Connect

Tests were undertaken with a Renault Express 1.4 litre converted to natural gas operation. The effect of cold starts at cold temperatures and vehicle weight on tail pipe emissions were investigated with petrol and natural gas operation over the FTP75 and the 91/441/EEC drive cycles. The results show that the emissions with natural gas are unaffected by cold temperature, unlike petrol emissions which are several times higher at -15{degree}-C than at 25{degree}-C. A crude simulation, accounting for the actual temperature, shows that the conversion of a significant quantity of light duty vehicles to natural gas operation could reduce the emissions of CO and HC by more than 90% in Switzerland. 15 refs., 17 figs., 8 tabs.

Bates, G.J.; Germano, S.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Designing On-Road Vehicle Test Programs for the Development of Effective Vehicle Emission Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HC Reduction in S.E. (%) NOx Reduction in S.E. (%) Table 2:c) HC, d) NOx Younglove/Scora/Barth VSP Bin CO2 Reduction inNOx Table 1: Vehicle Specific Power bins used in preliminary MOVES model (4). Table 2: Percent reduction

Younglove, T; Scora, G; Barth, M

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

California Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards for Light-Duty Vehicles (released in AEO2005)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

In July 2002, California Assembly Bill 1493 (A.B. 1493) was signed into law. The law requires that the California Air Resources Board (CARB) develop and adopt, by January 1, 2005, greenhouse gas emission standards for light-duty vehicles that provide the maximum feasible reduction in emissions. In estimating the feasibility of the standard, CARB is required to consider cost-effectiveness, technological capability, economic impacts, and flexibility for manufacturers in meeting the standard.

Information Center

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Greenhouse gas emission impacts of electric vehicles under varying driving cycles in various countries and US cities  

SciTech Connect

Past studies have shown that use of electric vehicles (EVs) can reduce greenhouse gas emissions, relative to emissions from gasoline-fueled internal-combustion-engine vehicles. However, those studies have not considered all aspects that determine greenhouse gas emissions from both gasoline vehicles (GVs) and EVs. Aspects often overlooked include variations in vehicle trip characteristics, inclusion of all greenhouse gases, and vehicle total fuel cycle. In this paper, the authors estimate greenhouse gas emission reductions for EVs, including these important aspects. They select four US cities (Boston, Chicago, Los Angeles, and Washington, D.C.) and six countries (Australia, France, Japan, Norway, the United Kingdom, and the US) and analyze greenhouse emission impacts of EVs in each city or country. These selected cities and countries have distinct differences in electric power-plant fuel mixes. They also select six driving cycles developed around the world. They choose one specific driving cycle for a given city or country and estimate the energy consumption of four-passenger compact electric and gasoline cars in the given city or country. Thus, the city- or country-specific vehicle energy consumption estimates reflect effects of both vehicle driving cycles and electric power-plant mixes. Finally, they estimate total fuel cycle greenhouse gas emissions of both GVs and EVs by accounting for emissions from primary energy recovery, transportation, and processing; energy product transportation; and power-plant and vehicle operations. They estimate that relative to GVs, EVs reduce greenhouse gas emissions in all selected US cities and countries.

Wang, M.Q.; Marr, W.W. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Center for Transportation Research)

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

An Activity-Based Assessment of the Potential Impacts of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Energy and Emissions Using One-Day Travel Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Technology, Nationalof Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Energy and Emissionsof Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Energy and Emissions

Recker, W. W.; Kang, J. E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Greenhouse gas emission impacts of alternative-fueled vehicles: Near-term vs. long-term technology options  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Alternative-fueled vehicle technologies have been promoted and used for reducing petroleum use, urban air pollution, and greenhouse gas emissions. In this paper, greenhouse gas emission impacts of near-term and long-term light-duty alternative-fueled vehicle technologies are evaluated. Near-term technologies, available now, include vehicles fueled with M85 (85% methanol and 15% gasoline by volume), E85 (85% ethanol that is produced from corn and 15% gasoline by volume), compressed natural gas, and liquefied petroleum gas. Long-term technologies, assumed to be available around the year 2010, include battery-powered electric vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles, vehicles fueled with E85 (ethanol produced from biomass), and fuel-cell vehicles fueled with hydrogen or methanol. The near-term technologies are found to have small to moderate effects on vehicle greenhouse gas emissions. On the other hand, the long-term technologies, especially those using renewable energy (such as biomass and solar energy), have great potential for reducing vehicle greenhouse gas emissions. In order to realize this greenhouse gas emission reduction potential, R and D efforts must continue on the long-term technology options so that they can compete successfully with conventional vehicle technology.

Wang, M.Q.

1997-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

372

Assessment of the Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Potential of Ultra-Clean Hybrid-Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ENERGY USAGE, AND GREENHOUSE EMISSIONS GAS 4. ASSESSMENT ANDgas consumption (miles per gallon or Wh mile) of a vehicle, calculation of the fuel usageGas from Biomass from Solar Carbon Dioxide Table 2: [gin ~mlsslons~-~iJfr Usage

Burke, A.F.; Miller, M.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Issues in emissions testing of hybrid electric vehicles.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) has tested more than 100 prototype HEVs built by colleges and universities since 1994 and has learned that using standardized dynamometer testing procedures can be problematic. This paper addresses the issues related to HEV dynamometer testing procedures and proposes a new testing approach. The proposed ANL testing procedure is based on careful hybrid operation mode characterization that can be applied to certification and R and D. HEVs also present new emissions measurement challenges because of their potential for ultra-low emission levels and frequent engine shutdown during the test cycles.

Duoba, M.; Anderson, J.; Ng, H.

2000-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

374

Impact of California Reformulated Gasoline On Motor Vehicle Emissions. 1. Mass Emission Rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Air Resources Board, Sacramento, CA, Personal communication,Air Resources Board, Sacramento, CA, Personal communication,Air Resources Board, Sacramento, CA, 1994o (8) Auto/Oil A~

Kirchstetter, Thomas W.; Singer, Brett C.; Harley, Robert A.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

The Annualized Social Cost of Motor-Vehicle Use in the U.S., 1990-1991: Summary of Theory, Data, Methods, and Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of gasoline excludes retail sales taxes and the motor-fuelmotor gasoline, and add to it the refineries actual private cost (exclusive of taxes)motor vehicles, and certainly not to forward any particular position about what, for example, gasoline taxes

Delucchi, Mark A.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Texas AgriLife Extension Service Procedure 24.01.01.X1.02 Motor Vehicle Accident Reports Page 1 of 2 Texas AgriLife Extension Service Procedures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Texas AgriLife Extension Service Procedure 24.01.01.X1.02 Motor Vehicle Accident Reports Page 1 of 2 Texas AgriLife Extension Service Procedures 24.01.01.X1.02 MOTOR VEHICLE ACCIDENT REPORTS Approved The Texas A&M University System covers system vehicles under a system-wide self insurance plan. Employees

377

Hybrid Electric Vehicle Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hybrid Electric Vehicle Basics Hybrid Electric Vehicle Basics Hybrid Electric Vehicle Basics August 20, 2013 - 9:13am Addthis Photo of hands holding a battery pack (grey rectangular box) for a hybrid electric vehicle. Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) combine the benefits of high fuel economy and low emissions with the power, range, and convenience of conventional diesel and gasoline fueling. HEV technologies also have potential to be combined with alternative fuels and fuel cells to provide additional benefits. Future offerings might also include plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. Hybrid electric vehicles typically combine the internal combustion engine of a conventional vehicle with the battery and electric motor of an electric vehicle. The combination offers low emissions and convenience-HEVs never need to be plugged in.

378

Hybrid Electric Vehicle Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hybrid Electric Vehicle Basics Hybrid Electric Vehicle Basics Hybrid Electric Vehicle Basics August 20, 2013 - 9:13am Addthis Photo of hands holding a battery pack (grey rectangular box) for a hybrid electric vehicle. Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) combine the benefits of high fuel economy and low emissions with the power, range, and convenience of conventional diesel and gasoline fueling. HEV technologies also have potential to be combined with alternative fuels and fuel cells to provide additional benefits. Future offerings might also include plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. Hybrid electric vehicles typically combine the internal combustion engine of a conventional vehicle with the battery and electric motor of an electric vehicle. The combination offers low emissions and convenience-HEVs never need to be plugged in.

379

Intelligent GPS-based predictive engine control for a motor vehicle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An intelligent Global Positioning System (GPS) based control system utilises information about the current vehicle position and upcoming terrain in order to reduce vehicle fuel consumption as well as improve road safety and comfort. The development of ...

S. H. Lee; S. M. Begg; S. D. Walters; R. J. Howlett

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

State of California BOARD OF EQUALIZATION MOTOR VEHICLE FUEL TAX REGULATIONS Regulation 1111.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A highway includes a way or place, of whatever nature, within the exterior boundaries of the State including a way or place within a Federal area, publicly maintained and open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel, notwithstanding private participation in the maintenance of the way or place. A way or place within a national or State forest which is entirely privately maintained, or a road over which forest products are transported in a national or State forest privately constructed or maintained pursuant to an existing agreement with the public authority having jurisdiction thereof will not be considered a highway notwithstanding the fact that it may be declared by the public authority to be a part of its road system. A way or place under the jurisdiction of the United States Department of Agriculture within a national forest including private property within or adjacent thereto, which way or place is open to public use, is a highway but the tax is refundable on the fuel used in the operation of a motor vehicle thereon by any person who for the use of such highway pays, or contributes to, the cost of construction or maintenance of the way or place pursuant to an agreement with, or permission of, the United States Department of Agriculture. (See Section 8101.1, Revenue and Taxation Code.) A way or place is not a highway within the meaning of Section 7319 of the Revenue and Taxation Code, during such times as it is closed by the governmental authority to the use of the public regardless of the

unknown authors

1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor vehicle emission" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Global Methodology to Integrate Innovative Models for Electric Motors in Complete Vehicle Simulators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. 66 (2011), No. 5878 ABBREVIATIONS EM Electric Motor FE Finite Element FEA Finite Element Analysis FEM: the Interior Magnet Synchronous Motor with V-shape mag- net, (V-IPMSM), technology used in the Toyota Prius II, the electro- magnetic parameters of the Toyota Prius II Electric Motor are estimated thanks to the presented

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

382

Subcontract Report: Final Report on Assessment of Motor Technologies for Traction Drives of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles (Subcontract #4000080341)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Currently, interior permanent magnet (IPM) motors with rare-earth (RE) magnets are almost universally used for hybrid and electric vehicles (EVs) because of their superior properties, particularly power density. However, there is now a distinct possibility of limited supply or very high cost of RE magnets that could make IPM motors unavailable or too expensive. Because development of electric motors is a critical part of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Advanced Power Electronics and Motors activity, DOE needs to determine which options should be investigated and what barriers should be addressed. Therefore, in order to provide a basis for deciding which research topics should be pursued, an assessment of various motor technologies was conducted to determine which, if any, is potentially capable of meeting FreedomCAR 2015 and 2020 targets. Highest priority was given to IPM, surface mounted permanent magnet (SPM), induction, and switched reluctance (SR) motors. Also of interest, but with lesser emphasis, were wheel motors, multiple-rotor motors, motors with external excitation, and several others that emerged from the assessment. Cost and power density (from a design perspective, the power density criterion translates to torque density) are emerging as the two most important properties of motors for traction drives in hybrid and EVs, although efficiency and specific power also are very important. The primary approach for this assessment involved interviews with original equipment manufacturers (OEMs), their suppliers, and other technical experts. For each technology, the following issues were discussed: (1) The current state-of-the-art performance and cost; (2) Recent trends in the technology; (3) Inherent characteristics of the motor - which ones limit the ability of the technology to meet the targets and which ones aid in meeting the target; (4) What research and development (R&D) would be needed to meet the targets; and (5) The potential for the technology to meet the targets. The interviews were supplemented with information from past Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) reports, previous assessments that were conducted in 2004, and literature on magnet technology. The results of the assessment validated the DOE strategy involving three parallel paths: (1) there is enough of a possibility that RE magnets will continue to be available, either from sources outside China or from increased production in China, that development of IPM motors using RE magnets should be continued with emphasis on meeting the cost target. (2) yet the possibility that RE magnets may become unavailable or too expensive justifies efforts to develop innovative designs for permanent magnet (PM) motors that do not use RE magnets. Possible other magnets that may be substituted for RE magnets include samarium-cobalt (Sm-Co), Alnico, and ferrites. Alternatively, efforts to develop motors that do not use PMs but offer attributes similar to IPM motors also are encouraged. (3) New magnet materials using new alloys or processing techniques that would be less expensive or have comparable or superior properties to existing materials should be developed if possible. IPM motors are by far the most popular choice for hybrid and EVs because of their high power density, specific power, and constant power-speed ratio (CPSR). Performance of these motors is optimized when the strongest possible magnets - i.e., RE neodymium-iron-boron (NdFeB) magnets - are used.

Fezzler, Raymond [BIZTEK Consulting, Inc.

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Greenhouse gas emission impacts of electric vehicles under varying driving cycles in various counties and US cities  

SciTech Connect

Electric vehicles (EVs) can reduce greenhouse gas emissions, relative to emissions from gasoline-fueled vehicles. However, those studies have not considered all aspects that determine greenhouse gas emissions from both gasoline vehicles (GVs) and EVs. Aspects often overlooked include variations in vehicle trip characteristics, inclusion of all greenhouse gases, and vehicle total fuel cycle. In this paper, we estimate greenhouse gas emission reductions for EVs, including these important aspects. We select four US cities (Boston, Chicago, Los Angeles, and Washington, D.C.) and six countries (Australia, France, Japan, Norway, the United Kingdom, and the United States) and analyze greenhouse emission impacts of EVs in each city or country. We also select six driving cycles developed around the world (i.e., the US federal urban driving cycle, the Economic Community of Europe cycle 15, the Japanese 10-mode cycle, the Los Angeles 92 cycle, the New York City cycle, and the Sydney cycle). Note that we have not analyzed EVs in high-speed driving (e.g., highway driving), where the results would be less favorable to EVs; here, EVs are regarded as urban vehicles only. We choose one specific driving cycle for a given city or country and estimate the energy consumption of four-passenger compact electric and gasoline cars in the given city or country. Finally, we estimate total fuel cycle greenhouse gas emissions of both GVs and EVs by accounting for emissions from primary energy recovery, transportation, and processing; energy product transportation; and powerplant and vehicle operations.

Wang, M.Q.; Marr, W.W.

1994-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

384

THE EFFECTS OF BIODIESEL BLENDS AND ARCO EC-DIESEL ON EMISSIONS from LIGHT HEAVY-DUTY DIESEL VEHICLES  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Chassis dynamometer tests were performed on 7 light heavy-duty diesel trucks comparing the emissions of a California diesel fuel with emissions from 4 other fuels: ARCO EC-diesel (EC-D) and three 20% biodiesel blends (1 yellow grease and 2 soy-based). The EC-D and the yellow grease biodiesel blend both showed significant reductions in THC and CO emissions over the test vehicle fleet. EC-D also showed reductions in PM emission rates. NOx emissions were comparable for the different fuel types over the range of vehicles tested. The soy-based biodiesel blends did not show significant or consistent emissions differences over all test vehicles. Total carbon accounted for more than 70% of the PM mass for 4 of the 5 sampled vehicles. Elemental and organic carbon ratios varied significantly from vehicle-to-vehicle but showed very little fuel dependence. Inorganic species represented a smaller portion of the composite total, ranging from 0.2 to 3.3% of the total PM. Total PAH emissions ranged from approximately 1.8 mg/mi to 67.8 mg/mi over the different vehicle/fuel combinations representing between 1.6 and 3.8% of the total PM mass.

Durbin, Thomas

2001-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

385

Fuel Economy and Emissions of a Vehicle Equipped with an Aftermarket Flexible-Fuel Conversion Kit  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) grants Certificates of Conformity for alternative fuel conversion systems and also offers other forms of premarket registration of conversion kits for use in vehicles more than two model years old. Use of alternative fuels such as ethanol, natural gas, and propane are encouraged by the Energy Policy Act of 1992. Several original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) produce emissions-certified vehicles capable of using alternative fuels, and several alternative fuel conversion system manufacturers produce EPA-approved conversion systems for a variety of alternative fuels and vehicle types. To date, only one manufacturer (Flex Fuel U.S.) has received EPA certifications for ethanol fuel (E85) conversion kits. This report details an independent evaluation of a vehicle with a legal installation of a Flex Fuel U.S. conversion kit. A 2006 Dodge Charger was baseline tested with ethanol-free certification gasoline (E0) and E20 (gasoline with 20 vol % ethanol), converted to flex-fuel operation via installation of a Flex Box Smart Kit from Flex Fuel U.S., and retested with E0, E20, E50, and E81. Test cycles included the Federal Test Procedure (FTP or city cycle), the highway fuel economy test (HFET), and the US06 test (aggressive driving test). Averaged test results show that the vehicle was emissions compliant on E0 in the OEM condition (before conversion) and compliant on all test fuels after conversion. Average nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions exceeded the Tier 2/Bin 5 intermediate life NO{sub X} standard with E20 fuel in the OEM condition due to two of three test results exceeding this standard [note that E20 is not a legal fuel for non-flexible-fuel vehicles (non-FFVs)]. In addition, one E0 test result before conversion and one E20 test result after conversion exceeded the NOX standard, although the average result in these two cases was below the standard. Emissions of ethanol and acetaldehyde increased with increasing ethanol, while nonmethane organic gas and CO emissions remained relatively unchanged for all fuels and cycles. Higher fraction ethanol blends appeared to decrease NO{sub X} emissions on the FTP and HFET (after conversion). As expected, fuel economy (miles per gallon) decreased with increasing ethanol content in all cases.

Thomas, John F [ORNL; Huff, Shean P [ORNL; West, Brian H [ORNL

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

A comparison of estimates of cost-effectiveness of alternative fuels and vehicles for reducing emissions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The cost-effectiveness ratio (CER) is a measure of the monetary value of resources expended to obtain reductions in emissions of air pollutants. The CER can lead to selection of the most effective sequence of pollution reduction options. Derived with different methodologies and technical assumptions, CER estimates for alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) have varied widely among pervious studies. In one of several explanations of LCER differences, this report uses a consistent basis for fuel price to re-estimate CERs for AFVs in reduction of emissions of criteria pollutants, toxics, and greenhouse gases. The re-estimated CERs for a given fuel type have considerable differences due to non-fuel costs and emissions reductions, but the CERs do provide an ordinal sense of cost-effectiveness. The category with CER less than $5,000 per ton includes compressed natural gas and ed Petroleum gas vehicles; and E85 flexible-fueled vehicles (with fuel mixture of 85 percent cellulose-derived ethanol in gasoline). The E85 system would be much less attractive if corn-derived ethanol were used. The CER for E85 (corn-derived) is higher with higher values placed on the reduction of gas emissions. CER estimates are relative to conventional vehicles fueled with Phase 1 California reformulated gasoline (RFG). The California Phase 2 RFG program will be implemented before significant market penetration by AFVs. CERs could be substantially greater if they are calculated incremental to the Phase 2 RFG program. Regression analysis suggests that different assumptions across studies can sometimes have predictable effects on the CER estimate of a particular AFV type. The relative differences in cost and emissions reduction assumptions can be large, and the effect of these differences on the CER estimate is often not predictable. Decomposition of CERs suggests that methodological differences can make large contributions to CER differences among studies.

Hadder, G.R.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Simulated comparisons of emissions and fuel efficiency of diesel and gasoline hybrid electric vehicles  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents details and results of hybrid and plug-in hybrid electric passenger vehicle (HEV and PHEV) simulations that account for the interaction of thermal transients from drive cycle demands and engine start/stop events with aftertreatment devices and their associated fuel penalties. The simulations were conducted using the Powertrain Systems Analysis Toolkit (PSAT) software developed by Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) combined with aftertreatment component models developed at Oak Ridge National Lab (ORNL). A three-way catalyst model is used in simulations of gasoline powered vehicles while a lean NOx trap model in used to simulated NOx reduction in diesel powered vehicles. Both cases also use a previously reported methodology for simulating the temperature and species transients associated with the intermittent engine operation and typical drive cycle transients which are a significant departure from the usual experimental steady-state engine-map based approach adopted often in vehicle system simulations. Comparative simulations indicate a higher efficiency for diesel powered vehicles but the advantage is lowered by about a third (for both HEVs and PHEVs) when the fuel penalty associated with operating a lean NOx trap is included and may be reduced even more when fuel penalty associated with a particulate filter is included in diesel vehicle simulations. Through these preliminary studies, it is clearly demonstrated how accurate engine and exhaust systems models that can account for highly intermittent and transient engine operation in hybrid vehicles can be used to account for impact of emissions in comparative vehicle systems studies. Future plans with models for other devices such as particulate filters, diesel oxidation and selective reduction catalysts are also discussed.

Gao, Zhiming [ORNL; Chakravarthy, Veerathu K [ORNL; Daw, C Stuart [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

motor of an electric vehicle. Other hybrids combine a fuel cell with batteries to power electric propulsion motors. Fuel Cell Concept: Fuel passes through an anode, electrolyte,...

389

Impact of Canada's Voluntary Agreement on Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Light Duty Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

April 5. Canadian Vehicle Manufacturers Association (CVMA),equivalent Canadian Vehicle Manufacturers Associationof the Canadian Vehicle Manufacturers Association, Joe

Lutsey, Nicholas P.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Impact of Canadas Voluntary Agreement on Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Light Duty Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

April 5. Canadian Vehicle Manufacturers Association (CVMA),equivalent Canadian Vehicle Manufacturers Associationof the Canadian Vehicle Manufacturers Association, Joe

Lutsey, Nicholas P.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

A LIFECYCLE EMISSIONS MODEL(LEM): LIFECYCLE EMISSIONS FROM TRANSPORTATION FUELS, MOTOR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gas or petroleum coke in refineries.............................100 Emissions of pollutants from by greenhouse gas...........................................................................14 Results-Tropsch (F-T) diesel from natural gas................................................41 Biodiesel derived

Delucchi, Mark

392

The California Zero-Emission Vehicle Mandate: A Study of the Policy Process, 1990-2004  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in California: The Role of Electric Vehicles. The Claremontto the program? (e.g. inclusion of hybrid electric vehicles,neighborhood electric vehicles, fuel-cell vehicles,

Collantes, Gustavo O

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Assessment of the Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Potential of Ultra-Clean Hybrid-Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Table ES-3: Summaryof Hybrid Vehicle Fuel Economy Results onmal ICE and Series Hybrid Vehicles (t) Vehicle Test Weight (I) Conventional and Series Hybrid Vehicles had same weight,

Burke, A.F.; Miller, M.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Design and analysis of wheel hub to provide in-hub electric motor for HMMWV vehicle.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis describes the design of the wheel hub of hybrid HMMWV so as to introduce an electric in-hub motor inside the hub. Chapter I (more)

Thakur, Sandeep Singh

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

A dual-channel flux-switching permanent magnet motor for hybrid electric vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The flux-switching permanent magnet (FSPM) motor is a relatively novel brushless machine having both magnets and concentrated windings in the stator

Wei Hua; Zhongze Wu; Ming Cheng; Baoan Wang; Jianzhong Zhang; Shigui Zhou

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Speed-sensorless torque control of induction motors for hybrid electric vehicles.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) are exciting new additions to the car markets since they combine the best features of conventional and electric cars to improve (more)

Fu, Tianjun

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Experimental analysis of disc thickness variation development in motor vehicle brakes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Over the past decade vehicle judder caused by Disc Thickness Variation (DTV) has become of major concern to automobile manufacturers worldwide. Judder is usually perceived (more)

Rodriguez, C

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Household Vehicles Energy Consumption 1994 - PDF Tables  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table 1 U.S. Number of Vehicles, Vehicle Miles, Motor Fuel Consumption and Expenditures, 1994 Table 2 U.S. per Household Vehicle Miles Traveled, Vehicle Fuel ...

399

Non-isolated integrated motor drive and battery charger based on the split-phase PM motor for plug-in vehicles.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, the utility grid charges the vehicle battery through a battery charger. Different solutions have been proposed to (more)

Serrano Guilln, Isabel

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Environmental Analysis--Electric Sector Modeling of CO2 Emissions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Electric Power Research Institute has initiated a comprehensive collaborative study to quantify the environmental impacts of electric transportation, specifically with respect to plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). This technical update describes the adaptation of the EPRI electric sector model for the analysis of CO2 emissions from the charging on PHEVs on the electrical grid. A "PHEV Base Case" was developed using baseline assumptions from the "EPRI Base Case," a nominal set of key assumptio...

2006-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor vehicle emission" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Effects of Biodiesel Blends on Vehicle Emissions: Fiscal Year 2006 Annual Operating Plan Milestone 10.4  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective was to determine if testing entire vehicles, vs. just the engines, on a heavy-duty chassis dynamometer provides a better, measurement of the impact of B20 on emissions.

McCormick, R. L.; Williams, A.; Ireland, J.; Hayes, R. R.

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Well-to-Wheels Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analyzed distribution of vehicles by last trip ending time for each region Generated PHEVs load profiles PSAT were adjusted to on-road values for this analysis PHEV miles driven by grid electricity and onWell-to-Wheels Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Amgad

403

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle and Engine...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Electric Vehicles International - EVI-MD Electric Vehicles International - 260-hp AC permanent magnet motor with...

404

Draft Supplemental Environmental Assessment For General Motors LLC Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative White Marsh, Maryland, DOE/EA-1723S (December 2010)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DRAFT SUPPLEMENTAL ENVIRONMENTAL DRAFT SUPPLEMENTAL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT For General Motors LLC Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative White Marsh, Maryland May 2011 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL ENERGY TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY U.S. Department of Energy General Motors National Energy Technology Laboratory Supplemental Environmental Assessment i May 2011 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT This report was prepared with the support of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) under Award Number DE-EE0002629. U.S. Department of Energy General Motors National Energy Technology Laboratory Supplemental Environmental Assessment ii May 2011 COVER SHEET Responsible Agency: U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Title: General Motors LLC Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing

405

Probabilistic evaluation of mobile source air pollution: Volume 1 -- Probabilistic modeling of exhaust emissions from light duty gasoline vehicles. Final report, 1 August 1994--31 May 1997  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Emission factors for light duty gasoline vehicles (LDGV) are typically developed based upon laboratory testing of vehicles for prescribed driving cycles. In this project, selected LDGV data sets and modeling assumptions used to develop Mobile5a were revisited. Probabilistic estimates of the inter-vehicle variability in emissions and the uncertainty in fleet average emissions for selected vehicle types and driving cycles were made. Case studies focused upon probabilistic analysis of base emission rate and speed correction estimates used in Mobile5a for throttle body and port fuel injected vehicles. Based upon inter-vehicle variability in the data sets and a probabilistic model in which the standard error terms of regression models employed in Mobile5a are also considered, the uncertainty was estimated for average emission factors for the selected fleets of light duty gasoline vehicles. The 90 percent confidence interval for the average emission factor varied in range with pollutant and driving cycle.

Frey, H.C.; Kini, M.D.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Projected Cost, Energy Use, and Emissions of Hydrogen Technologies for Fuel Cell Vehicles  

SciTech Connect

Each combination of technologies necessary to produce, deliver, and distribute hydrogen for transportation use has a corresponding levelized cost, energy requirement, and greenhouse gas emission profile depending upon the technologies' efficiencies and costs. Understanding the technical status, potential, and tradeoffs is necessary to properly allocate research and development (R&D) funding. In this paper, levelized delivered hydrogen costs, pathway energy use, and well-to-wheels (WTW) energy use and emissions are reported for multiple hydrogen production, delivery, and distribution pathways. Technologies analyzed include both central and distributed reforming of natural gas and electrolysis of water, and central hydrogen production from biomass and coal. Delivery options analyzed include trucks carrying liquid hydrogen and pipelines carrying gaseous hydrogen. Projected costs, energy use, and emissions for current technologies (technology that has been developed to at least the bench-scale, extrapolated to commercial-scale) are reported. Results compare favorably with those for gasoline, diesel, and E85 used in current internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles, gasoline hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), and flexible fuel vehicles. Sensitivities of pathway cost, pathway energy use, WTW energy use, and WTW emissions to important primary parameters were examined as an aid in understanding the benefits of various options. Sensitivity studies on production process energy efficiency, total production process capital investment, feed stock cost, production facility operating capacity, electricity grid mix, hydrogen vehicle market penetration, distance from the hydrogen production facility to city gate, and other parameters are reported. The Hydrogen Macro-System Model (MSM) was used for this analysis. The MSM estimates the cost, energy use, and emissions trade offs of various hydrogen production, delivery, and distribution pathways under consideration. The MSM links the H2A Production Model, the Hydrogen Delivery Scenario Analysis Model (HDSAM), and the Greenhouse Gas, Regulated Emission, and Energy for Transportation (GREET) Model. The MSM utilizes the capabilities of each component model and ensures the use of consistent parameters between the models to enable analysis of full hydrogen production, delivery, and distribution pathways. To better understand spatial aspects of hydrogen pathways, the MSM is linked to the Hydrogen Demand and Resource Analysis Tool (HyDRA). The MSM is available to the public and enables users to analyze the pathways and complete sensitivity analyses.

Ruth, M. F.; Diakov, V.; Laffen, M. J.; Timbario, T. A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

US military expenditures to protect the use of Persian Gulf oil for motor vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

assistance related to oil, and the cost of defending oil21 April 2008 Keywords: Oil importing cost Motor fuel socialexample, if the oil defense cost per gallon is proportional

Delucchi, Mark; Murphy, James

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Greenhouse Emission Reductions and Natural Gas Vehicles: A Resource Guide on Technology Options and Project Development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accurate and verifiable emission reductions are a function of the degree of transparency and stringency of the protocols employed in documenting project- or program-associated emissions reductions. The purpose of this guide is to provide a background for law and policy makers, urban planners, and project developers working with the many Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emission reduction programs throughout the world to quantify and/or evaluate the GHG impacts of Natural Gas Vehicle (NGVs). In order to evaluate the GHG benefits and/or penalties of NGV projects, it is necessary to first gain a fundamental understanding of the technology employed and the operating characteristics of these vehicles, especially with regard to the manner in which they compare to similar conventional gasoline or diesel vehicles. Therefore, the first two sections of this paper explain the basic technology and functionality of NGVs, but focus on evaluating the models that are currently on the market with their similar conventional counterparts, including characteristics such as cost, performance, efficiency, environmental attributes, and range. Since the increased use of NGVs, along with Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFVs) in general, represents a public good with many social benefits at the local, national, and global levels, NGVs often receive significant attention in the form of legislative and programmatic support. Some states mandate the use of NGVs, while others provide financial incentives to promote their procurement and use. Furthermore, Federal legislation in the form of tax incentives or procurement requirements can have a significant impact on the NGV market. In order to implement effective legislation or programs, it is vital to have an understanding of the different programs and activities that already exist so that a new project focusing on GHG emission reduction can successfully interact with and build on the experience and lessons learned of those that preceded it. Finally, most programs that deal with passenger vehicles--and with transportation in general--do not address the climate change component explicitly, and thus there are few GHG reduction goals that are included in these programs. Furthermore, there are relatively few protocols that exist for accounting for the GHG emissions reductions that arise from transportation and, specifically, passenger vehicle projects and programs. These accounting procedures and principles gain increased importance when a project developer wishes to document in a credible manner, the GHG reductions that are achieved by a given project or program. Section four of this paper outlined the GHG emissions associated with NGVs, both upstream and downstream, and section five illustrated the methodology, via hypothetical case studies, for measuring these reductions using different types of baselines. Unlike stationary energy combustion, GHG emissions from transportation activities, including NGV projects, come from dispersed sources creating a need for different methodologies for assessing GHG impacts. This resource guide has outlined the necessary context and background for those parties wishing to evaluate projects and develop programs, policies, projects, and legislation aimed at the promotion of NGVs for GHG emission reduction.

Orestes Anastasia; NAncy Checklick; Vivianne Couts; Julie Doherty; Jette Findsen; Laura Gehlin; Josh Radoff

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Emission Control Research to Enable Fuel Efficiency: Department of Energy Heavy Vehicle Technologies  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies supports research to enable high-efficiency diesel engines to meet future emissions regulations, thus clearing the way for their use in light trucks as well as continuing as the most efficient powerplant for freight-haulers. Compliance with Tier 2 rules and expected heavy duty engine standards will require effective exhaust emission controls (after-treatment) for diesels in these applications. DOE laboratories are working with industry to improve emission control technologies in projects ranging from application of new diagnostics for elucidating key mechanisms, to development and tests of prototype devices. This paper provides an overview of these R and D efforts, with examples of key findings and developments.

Gurpreet Singh; Ronald L. Graves; John M. Storey; William P. Partridge; John F. Thomas; Bernie M. Penetrante; Raymond M. Brusasco; Bernard T. Merritt; George E. Vogtlin; Christopher L. Aardahl; Craig F. Habeger; M.L. Balmer

2000-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

410

Electric Vehicle Manufacturing in Southern California: Current Developments, Future Prospects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Planning. UCLA. Motor Vehicles Manufacturers Association (Authority MVMA Motor Vehicle Manufacturers AssoemUon NaSneedsof electric vehicle manufacturers. Thesesectors include

Scott, Allen J.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Comparative urban drive cycle simulations of light-duty hybrid vehicles with gasoline or diesel engines and emissions controls  

SciTech Connect

Electric hybridization is a very effective approach for reducing fuel consumption in light-duty vehicles. Lean combustion engines (including diesels) have also been shown to be significantly more fuel efficient than stoichiometric gasoline engines. Ideally, the combination of these two technologies would result in even more fuel efficient vehicles. However, one major barrier to achieving this goal is the implementation of lean-exhaust aftertreatment that can meet increasingly stringent emissions regulations without heavily penalizing fuel efficiency. We summarize results from comparative simulations of hybrid electric vehicles with either stoichiometric gasoline or diesel engines that include state-of-the-art aftertreatment emissions controls for both stoichiometric and lean exhaust. Fuel consumption and emissions for comparable gasoline and diesel light-duty hybrid electric vehicles were compared over a standard urban drive cycle and potential benefits for utilizing diesel hybrids were identified. Technical barriers and opportunities for improving the efficiency of diesel hybrids were identified.

Gao, Zhiming [ORNL; Daw, C Stuart [ORNL; Smith, David E [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Phase 1 STTR flywheel motor/alternator for hybrid electric vehicles. CRADA final report  

SciTech Connect

Visual Computing Systems (VCS) and the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have teamed, through a Phase 1 Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) grant from the US Department of Energy (DOE), to develop an advanced, low-cost motor/alternator drive system suitable for Flywheel Energy Storage (FES) applications. During Phase 1, system performance and design requirements were established, design concepts were generated, and preliminary motor/alternator designs were developed and analyzed. ORNL provided mechanical design and finite element collaboration and Lynx Motion Technology, a spin-off from VCS to commercialize their technology, constructed a proof-of-concept axial-gap permanent magnet motor/alternator that employed their Segmented Electromagnetic Array (SEMA) with a survivable design speed potential of 10,000 rpm. The VCS motor/alternator was successfully tested in ORNL`s Motor Test Tank using an ORNL inverter and ORNL control electronics. It was first operated as an unloaded motor to 6,000 rpm and driven as an unloaded generator to 6,000 rpm. Output from the generator was then connected to a resistance bank, which caused the loaded generator to decelerate to 3,860 rpm where data was collected. After about 4-1/2 minutes, the test was terminated because of an impact noise. Subsequent inspection and operation at low speeds did not reveal the source of the noise. Electrical performance of the motor was excellent, encouraging continued development of this technology. Phase 2 efforts will focus on further design development and optimization, manufacturing development and prototype construction, testing, and evaluation.

McKeever, J.W.; Scudiere, M.B.; Ott, G.W. Jr.; White, C.P. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Kessinger, R.L. Jr.; Robinson, S.T.; Seymour, K.P.; Dockstadter, K.D. [Visual Computer Systems Corp., Greenville, IN (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

413

Feebates and Fuel Economy Standards: Impacts on Fuel Use in Light-Duty Vehicles and Greenhouse Gas Emissions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study evaluates the potential impacts of a national feebate system, a market-based policy that consists of graduated fees on low-fuel-economy (or high-emitting) vehicles and rebates for high-fuel-economy (or lowemitting) vehicles. In their simplest form, feebate systems operate under three conditions: a benchmark divides all vehicles into two categories-those charged fees and those eligible for rebates; the sizes of the fees and rebates are a function of a vehicle's deviation from its benchmark; and placement of the benchmark ensures revenue neutrality or a desired level of subsidy or revenue. A model developed by the University of California for the California Air Resources Board was revised and used to estimate the effects of six feebate structures on fuel economy and sales of new light-duty vehicles, given existing and anticipated future fuel economy and emission standards. These estimates for new vehicles were then entered into a vehicle stock model that simulated the evolution of the entire vehicle stock. The results indicate that feebates could produce large, additional reductions in emissions and fuel consumption, in large part by encouraging market acceptance of technologies with advanced fuel economy, such as hybrid electric vehicles.

Greene, David L [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

An Activity-Based Assessment of the Potential Impacts of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Energy and Emissions Using One-Day Travel Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cost-benefit Analysis of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Technology, National Renewable EnergyCost and Emissions Associated with Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Charging in the Xcel Energy Colorado Service Territory, National Renewable

Recker, W. W.; Kang, J. E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Introduction to the OR Forum Article: Modeling the Impacts of Electricity Tariffs on Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Charging, Costs, and Emissions by Ramteen Sioshansi  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Comment on Modeling the Impacts of Electricity Tariffs on Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Charging, Costs, and Emissions by Ramteen Sieshansi. Keywords: energy, environment, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, pricing

Edieal J. Pinker

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Impacts of Motor Vehicle Operation on Water Quality in the United States - Clean-up Costs and Policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

improperly discharged used motor oil pollute streams, lakes,refined products such as motor oil and gasoline are moreeasily. Third, used motor oil often contains contaminants,

Nixon, Hilary; Saphores, Jean-Daniel

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Local government energy management: liquid petroleum gas (LPG) as a motor vehicle fuel  

SciTech Connect

The retrofit or conversion of automotive engines to operate on liquid petroleum gas (LPG) or propane fuel is one of many potentially cost-effective strategies for reducing a local government's annual fleet operating and maintenance costs. The cost effectiveness of an LPG conversion decision is highly dependent on the initial conversion cost, vehicle type, current and projected fuel costs, vehicle fuel economy (miles per gallon), and yearly average mileage. A series of plots have been developed which indicate simple paybacks for the conversion of several vehicle types (passenger car, small and standard pickups, and two and three ton trucks) over a wide range of fuel economies and annual usage patterns. A simple payback of less than three years can be achieved for vehicles with poor fuel economy and high annual use. The figures provided in this report may be used by fleet management personnel as a screening tool to identify those passenger cars, small or standard pickups, or light duty trucks which are candidates for LPG conversion. In addition to examining the benefits of an LPG conversion, local governments should also consider the competing energy management strategies of downsizing, and the acquisition of fuel efficient, diesel powered vehicles.

McCoy, G.A.; Kerstetter, J.

1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Zero-Emission Vehicle Scenario Cost Analysis Using A Fuzzy Set-Based Framework  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a unique city car," Eletric and Hybrid Vehicle TechnologyB. Purcell, "Stepping Ahead," Eletric and Hybrid VehicleJ. Wallace, "Electric Dreams," Eletric and Hybrid Vehicle

Lipman, Timothy Edward

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Canadas Voluntary Agreement on Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions: When the Details Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

17.10.2005). Canadian Vehicle Manufacturers Association,of the Canadian Vehicle Manufacturers Association, JoeTherefore, the Canadian vehicle manufacturers are committed

Lutsey, Nicholas P.; Sperling, Dan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Chinese Rural Vehicles: An Explanatory Analysis of Technology, Economics, Industrial Organization, Energy Use, Emissions, and Policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

larger conventional vehicle manufacturers? We address theseLargest Farm Vehicle Manufacturer , http://www.yanmar.co.jp/conventional vehicle manufacturers. A key to understanding

Sperling, Dan; Lin, Zhenhong; Hamilton, Peter

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor vehicle emission" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Electric Vehicles: Performance, Life-Cycle Costs, Emissions, and Recharging Requirements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sealed lead-acid electric and vehicle battery development.A. (1987a) ture for electric vehicles. In Resources ElectricInternational Conference. Electric Vehicle De- Universityof

DeLuchi, Mark A.; Wang, Quanlu; Sperling, Daniel

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

The California Zero-Emission Vehicle Mandate: A Study of the Policy Process, 1990-2004  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

inclusion of hybrid electric vehicles, neighborhood electriccertain plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) to the ZEVprovisions pertaining hybrid electric vehicles (that fell in

Collantes, Gustavo O

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Light-Duty Diesel Vehicles: Market Issues and Potential Energy and Emissions Impacts  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2 2 Light-Duty Diesel Vehicles: Market Issues and Potential Energy and Emissions Impacts January 2009 Energy Information Administration Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. Unless referenced otherwise, the information contained herein should be attributed to the Energy Information Administration and should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or any other organization. Service Reports are prepared by the Energy Information Administration upon special request and are based on assumptions specified by the requester.

424

Ethanol Blend Effects On Direct Injection Spark-Ignition Gasoline Vehicle Particulate Matter Emissions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Direct injection spark-ignition (DISI) gasoline engines can offer better fuel economy and higher performance over their port fuel-injected counterparts, and are now appearing increasingly in more U.S. vehicles. Small displacement, turbocharged DISI engines are likely to be used in lieu of large displacement engines, particularly in light-duty trucks and sport utility vehicles, to meet fuel economy standards for 2016. In addition to changes in gasoline engine technology, fuel composition may increase in ethanol content beyond the 10% allowed by current law due to the Renewable Fuels Standard passed as part of the 2007 Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA). In this study, we present the results of an emissions analysis of a U.S.-legal stoichiometric, turbocharged DISI vehicle, operating on ethanol blends, with an emphasis on detailed particulate matter (PM) characterization. Gaseous species, particle mass, and particle number concentration emissions were measured for the Federal Test Procedure urban driving cycle (FTP 75) and the more aggressive US06 cycle. Particle number-size distributions and organic to elemental carbon ratios (OC/EC) were measured for 30 MPH and 80 MPH steady-state operation. In addition, particle number concentration was measured during wide open throttle accelerations (WOTs) and gradual accelerations representative of the FTP 75. For the gaseous species and particle mass measurements, dilution was carried out using a full flow constant volume sampling system (CVS). For the particle number concentration and size distribution measurements, a micro-tunnel dilution system was employed. The vehicles were fueled by a standard test gasoline and 10% (E10) and 20% (E20) ethanol blends from the same supplier. The particle mass emissions were approximately 3 and 7 mg/mile for the FTP75 and US06, respectively, with lower emissions for the ethanol blends. During steady-state operation, the geometric mean diameter of the particle-number size distribution remained approximately the same (50 nm) but the particle number concentration decreased with increasing ethanol content in the fuel. In addition, increasing ethanol content significantly reduced the number concentration of 50 and 100 nm particles during gradual and WOT accelerations.

Storey, John Morse [ORNL; Lewis Sr, Samuel Arthur [ORNL; Barone, Teresa L [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Environmental Assessment of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles, Volume 1: Nationwide Greenhouse Gas Emissions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

How would air quality and greenhouse gas emissions be affected if significant numbers of Americans drove cars that were fueled by the power grid? A recently completed assessment conducted by the Electric Power Research Institute and the Natural Resources Defense Council made a detailed study of the question looking at a variety of scenarios involving the U.S. fleet of power generation and its fleet of light-duty and medium-duty cars and trucks.The study focused on plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs)...

2007-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

426

Application of the New City-Suburban Heavy Vehicle Route (CSHVR) to Truck Emissions Characterization  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Speed-time and video data were tractor-trailers performing local deliveries in logged for Akron, OH. and Richmond, VA. in order to develop an emissions test schedule that represented real truck use. The data bank developed using these logging techniques was used to create a Yard cycle, a Freeway cycle and a City-Suburban cycle by the concatenation of microtrips. The City-Suburban driving cycle was converted to a driving route, in which the truck under test would perform at maximum acceleration during certain portions of the test schedule. This new route was used to characterize the emissions of a 1982 Ford tractor with a Cummins 14 liter, 350 hp engine and a 1998 International tractor with a Cummins 14 liter, 435 hp engine. Emissions levels were found to be repeatable with one driver and the drier-to-driver variation of NO{sub x} was under 4%, although the driver-to driver variations of CO and PM were higher. Emissions levels of NO{sub x} for the Ford tractor at a test weight of 46,400 lb. u sing the CSHVR were comparable with values obtained using the WVU 5 mile route and the EPA Urban Dynamometer Driving Schedule for Heavy Duty Vehicles (''Test D''). The PM missions were slightly higher for the CSHVR than the 5 mile route and Test D. The effect of test weight on emissions, in units of mass/distance, was assessed using the International tractor with the CSHVR at 26,000, 36,000 and 46,400 lb. test weights. Variation of all regulated exhaust emissions was small between test weights, although the CO{sub 2} level reflected the additional energy used at higher weights. The small variation in regulated emissions may be attributed to the fact that in all three cases, the route called for full power operation of the vehicle, and that PM puff associated with gear shifting would be similar. It is concluded that the CSHVR represents a useful and realistic test schedule for truck emissions characterization.

Nigel N. Clark; James J. Daley; Ralph D. Nine; Christopher M. Atkinson

1999-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

427

Quantifying the Heat-Related Hazard for Children in Motor Vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thirty-seven children on average die each year in the United States from vehicle-related hyperthermia. In many cases, the parent or care-giver intentionally left the child unattended in the car, unaware of how quickly temperatures may reach ...

Andrew Grundstein; John Dowd; Vernon Meentemeyer

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Federal Test Procedure Emissions Test Results from Ethanol Variable-Fuel Vehicle Chevrolet Luminas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Federal Test Procedure Emissions Test Results from Federal Test Procedure Emissions Test Results from Ethanol Variable-Fuel Vehicle Chevrolet Luminas Kenneth J. Kelly, Brent K. Bailey, and Timothy C. Coburn National Renewable Energy Laboratory Wendy Clark Automotive Testing Laboratories, Inc. Peter Lissiuk Environmental Research and Development Corp. Presented at Society for Automotive Engineers International Spring Fuels and Lubricants Meeting Dearborn, MI May 6-8, 1996 The work described here was wholly funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, a U.S. government agency. As such, this information is in the public domain, may be copied and otherwise accessed freely, and is not subject to copyright laws. These papers were previously published in hard copy form by the Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc. (Telephone: 412.776.4970; E-mail: publications@sae.org)

429

NREL: Learning - Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid Electric Vehicles Hybrid Electric Vehicles Photo of the front and part of the side of a bus parked at the curb of a city street with tall buildings in the background. This diesel hybrid electric bus operated by the Metropolitan Transit Authority, New York City Transit, was part of a test study that recently investigated the fuel efficiency and reliability of these buses. Credit: Leslie Eudy Today's hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) range from small passenger cars to sport utility vehicles (SUVs) and large trucks. Though they often look just like conventional vehicles, HEVs usually include an electric motor as well as a small internal combustion engine (ICE). This combination provides greater fuel economy and fewer emissions than most conventional ICE vehicles do. HEVs are powered by two energy sources: an energy conversion unit, such as

430

Well-to-Wheels Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Well-to-Wheels Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Well-to-Wheels Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Amgad Elgowainy and Michael Wang Center for Transportation Research Argonne National Laboratory LDV Workshop July26, 2010 2 2 2 Team Members 2  ANL's Energy Systems (ES) Division  Michael Wang (team leader)  Dan Santini  Anant Vyas  Amgad Elgowainy  Jeongwoo Han  Aymeric Rousseau  ANL's Decision and Information Sciences (DIS) Division:  Guenter Conzelmann  Leslie Poch  Vladimir Koritarov  Matt Mahalik  Thomas Veselka  Audun Botterud  Jianhui Wang  Jason Wang 3 3 3 Scope of Argonne's PHEV WTW Analysis: Vehicle Powertrain Systems and Fuel Pathways 3  Vehicle powertrain systems:  Conventional international combustion engine vehicles (ICEVs)

431

In-State Contract Vehicle Rental Rates (State Motor Pool Rental Contract for Business Travel)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

# · Rates require that the vehicle be returned with a full tank of gas. · Unlimited mileage on all rentals Insurance. Large Truck 51 281 1,020 · Weekly rates are calculated at 5.5 times the Daily rate. Cargo Van/Truck 51 281 1,020 · Monthly rates will be calculated at 20 times the Daily rate. Van - 15 Passenger 90 495

Harms, Kyle E.

432

Development of in-wheel motor systems for formula SAE electric vehicles.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??With the threat of anthropogenic climate change and humanitys dependence on non-renewable petroleum, the need for a transition to zero-emission transport is widely acknowledged. Battery (more)

Hooper, Ian

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Off-Highway Heavy Vehicle Diesel Efficiency Improvement and Emissions Reduction  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Cummins Inc. is a world leader in the development and production of diesel engines for on-highway vehicles, off-highway industrial machines, and power generation units. Cummins Inc. diesel products cover a 50-3000 HP range. The power range for this project includes 174-750 HP to achieve EPA's Tier 3 emission levels of 4.0 NOx+NMHC gm/kW-hr and 0.2 PM gm/kWhr and Tier 4 Interim emission levels of 2.0 gm/kW-hr NOx and 0.02 gm/kW-hr PM. Cummins' anticipated product offerings for Tier 4 in this range include the following: QSB6.7, QSC8.3, QSL9, QSM11, QSX15, QSK19. (For reference, numerical values indicate engine displacement in liters, the letter designation ns indicate the product model). A summary of the EPA's mobile off-highway emissions requirements is given in Figure 1.

Jennifer Rumsey

2005-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

434

Electric Vehicles: Performance, Life-Cycle Costs, Emissions, and Recharging Requirements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Table3 to the incre- no oil costs, and that Na/S batteries,costs, of vehicles Oil costs, percent ofgasoline vehiclestires are (M&R) costs (we exclude fires and oil) than ICEVs,

DeLuchi, Mark A.; Wang, Quanlu; Sperling, Daniel

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

California's Zero-Emission Vehicle Mandate: Linking Clean-Fuel Cars, Carsharing and Station Car Strategies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in a Shared Electric Vehicle Program. In Transporta- tiontechnologies and electric vehicles in Japan. E a r l y H i ssur vey. Nearly 50 electric vehicles were used, including

Shaheen, Susan; Sperling, Dan; Wright, John

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Assessment of the Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Potential of Ultra-Clean Hybrid-Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OF TECHNOLOGIES FOR HYBRID-ELECTRIC VEHICLES 4.1EnginesG.H. , SIMPLEV: Simple Electric Vehicle Simulation Program-G.H, SIMPLEV: Simple Electric Vehicle Simulation Program-

Burke, A.F.; Miller, M.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

The California Zero-Emission Vehicle Mandate: A Study of the Policy Process, 1990-2004  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

one product or industry (electric vehicles) to the exclusionelectric vehicle (electric utilities, battery developers, and electric-drive components industry).industry had a vested interest in the debate, as a success of electric vehicles

Collantes, Gustavo O

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Assessment of the Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Potential of Ultra-Clean Hybrid-Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OF TECHNOLOGIES FOR HYBRID-ELECTRIC VEHICLES 4.1Engines13. Burke, A.F. , Hybrid/Electric Vehicle Design Options andOperation for Hybrid/Electric Vehicles, SAE Paper 930042,

Burke, A.F.; Miller, M.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

The California Zero-Emission Vehicle Mandate: A Study of the Policy Process, 1990-2004  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global Motor 03 Green Car Institute Honda 90 Hydro Quebec 03Hydro Quebec EV Works Electricab Corp Evercel Inc. Stakeholder code Global Motor Green Car

Collantes, Gustavo O

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Zero-Emission Vehicle Scenario Cost Analysis Using A Fuzzy Set-Based Framework  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

industry experts believe that new vehicle designs based on fuel cells, electricElectric Power Research Institute, Pricing for Success: Using Auto Industry Models to Review Electric Vehicle

Lipman, Timothy Edward

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor vehicle emission" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Assessment of the Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Potential of Ultra-Clean Hybrid-Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

vehicles using the Stirling engine are very. low (less thanexcept possibly with the Stirling engine. Theprospects ofHybrid Vehicles using Stirling Engines with DifferentAll-

Burke, A.F.; Miller, M.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Journal of Asian Electric Vehicles, Volume 8, Number 1, June 2010 Simplified Thermal Model of PM Motors in Hybrid Vehicle Applications Taking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, thermal circuit, heat processes, pulse-width-modulated 1. INTRODUCTION Permanent magnet (PM) motors components in the system. Thermal studies on electric motors often approach the subject using FEA. Although to a cylinder. Reference [Hsu et al., 2005] shows that the thermal conductivity of Toyota Prius traction motor

Mi, Chunting "Chris"

443

Aurica Motors | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Product California-based Aurica Motors is planning to develop and manufacture an electric vehicle at a former Toyota plant in the state. References Aurica Motors1...

444

Performance Evaluation of a Cascaded H-Bridge Multi Level Inverter Fed BLDC Motor Drive in an Electric Vehicle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The automobile industry is moving fast towards Electric Vehicles (EV); however this paradigm shift is currently making its smooth transition through the phase of Hybrid Electric Vehicles. There is an ever-growing need for integration of hybrid energy sources especially for vehicular applications. Different energy sources such as batteries, ultra-capacitors, fuel cells etc. are available. Usage of these varied energy sources alone or together in different combinations in automobiles requires advanced power electronic circuits and control methodologies. An exhaustive literature survey has been carried out to study the power electronic converter, switching modulation strategy to be employed and the particular machine to be used in an EV. Adequate amount of effort has been put into designing the vehicle specifications. Owing to stronger demand for higher performance and torque response in an EV, the Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machine has been favored over the traditional Induction Machine. The aim of this thesis is to demonstrate the use of a multi level inverter fed Brush Less Direct Current (BLDC) motor in a field oriented control fashion in an EV and make it follow a given drive cycle. The switching operation and control of a multi level inverter for specific power level and desired performance characteristics is investigated. The EV has been designed from scratch taking into consideration the various factors such as mass, coefficients of aerodynamic drag and air friction, tire radius etc. The design parameters are meant to meet the requirements of a commercial car. The various advantages of a multi level inverter fed PMSM have been demonstrated and an exhaustive performance evaluation has been done. The investigation is done by testing the designed system on a standard drive cycle, New York urban driving cycle. This highly transient driving cycle is particularly used because it provides rapidly changing acceleration and deceleration curves. Furthermore, the evaluation of the system under fault conditions is also done. It is demonstrated that the system is stable and has a ride-through capability under different fault conditions. The simulations have been carried out in MATLAB and Simulink, while some preliminary studies involving switching losses of the converter were done in PSIM.

Emani, Sriram S.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Well-to-wheel energy use and greenhouse gas emissions of advanced fuel/vehicle systems North American analysis.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

There are differing, yet strongly held views among the various ''stakeholders'' in the advanced fuel/propulsion system debate. In order for the introduction of advanced technology vehicles and their associated fuels to be successful, it seems clear that four important stakeholders must view their introduction as a ''win'': Society, Automobile manufacturers and their key suppliers, Fuel providers and their key suppliers, and Auto and energy company customers. If all four of these stakeholders, from their own perspectives, are not positive regarding the need for and value of these advanced fuels/vehicles, the vehicle introductions will fail. This study was conducted to help inform public and private decision makers regarding the impact of the introduction of such advanced fuel/propulsion system pathways from a societal point of view. The study estimates two key performance criteria of advanced fuel/propulsion systems on a total system basis, that is, ''well'' (production source of energy) to ''wheel'' (vehicle). These criteria are energy use and greenhouse gas emissions per unit of distance traveled. The study focuses on the U.S. light-duty vehicle market in 2005 and beyond, when it is expected that advanced fuels and propulsion systems could begin to be incorporated in a significant percentage of new vehicles. Given the current consumer demand for light trucks, the benchmark vehicle considered in this study is the Chevrolet Silverado full-size pickup.

Wang, M.

2001-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

446

Assessment of the Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Potential of Ultra-Clean Hybrid-Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hybrid vehicle technologyunless there are special incentives through newemissionsor fuel economy regulations or tax

Burke, A.F.; Miller, M.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Conventional and fuzzy PI control of voltage-source inverter-fed induction motor drive for electric vehicle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: adaptive control, control algorithm, electric vehicle, fuzzy control, inverter drive system

Tadeusz Stefanski

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Vehicle Specifications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

E27C177982 Vehicle Specifications Engine: 2.5 L 4-cylinder Electric Motor: 105 kW Battery: NiMH Seatbelt Positions: Five Payload: 981 lbs Features: Regenerative braking Traction...

449

Vehicle Specifications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

E87C172351 Vehicle Specifications Engine: 2.5 L 4-cylinder Electric Motor: 105 kW Battery: NiMH Seatbelt Positions: Five Payload: 981 lbs Features: Regenerative braking Traction...

450

Vehicle Specifications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Z07S838122 Vehicle Specifications Engine: 2.4 L 4 cylinder Electric Motor: 14.5 kW Battery: NiMH Seatbelt Positions: Five Payload: 1,244 lbs Features: Regenerative braking wABS 4...

451

Vehicle Specifications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2AR194699 Vehicle Specifications Engine: 2.5 L 4-cylinder Electric Motor: 60 kW Battery: NiMH Seatbelt Positions: Five Payload: 850 lbs Features: Regenerative braking Traction...

452

Vehicle Specifications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2WD VIN 1FMYU95H75KC45881 Vehicle Specifications Engine: 2.3 L 4-cylinder Electric Motor: 70 kW Battery: NiMH Seatbelt Positions: Five Features: Four wheel drive Regenerative...

453

Vehicle Specifications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4AR144757 Vehicle Specifications Engine: 2.5 L 4-cylinder Electric Motor: 60 kW Battery: NiMH Seatbelt Positions: Five Payload: 850 lbs Features: Regenerative braking Traction...

454

Vehicle Specifications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Z37S813344 Vehicle Specifications Engine: 2.4 L 4 cylinder Electric Motor: 14.5 kW Battery: NiMH Seatbelt Positions: Five Payload: 1,244 lbs Features: Regenerative braking wABS 4...

455

Vehicle Specifications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4WD VIN 1FMCU96H15KE18237 Vehicle Specifications Engine: 2.4 L 4-cylinder Electric Motor: 70 kW Battery: NiMH Seatbelt Positions: Five Features: Four wheel drive Regenerative...

456

Costs and Emissions Associated with Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Charging in the Xcel Energy Colorado Service Territory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Costs and Emissions Costs and Emissions Associated with Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Charging in the Xcel Energy Colorado Service Territory K. Parks, P. Denholm, and T. Markel Technical Report NREL/TP-640-41410 May 2007 NREL is operated by Midwest Research Institute ● Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 Costs and Emissions Associated with Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Charging in the Xcel Energy Colorado Service Territory K. Parks, P. Denholm, and T. Markel Prepared under Task No. WR61.2001 Technical Report NREL/TP-640-41410 May 2007 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute * Battelle

457

A Multi-Country Analysis of Lifecycle Emissions From Transportation Fuels and Motor Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TYPE U. S. 2010 Gas Coal Oil boiler Gas turbine Nuclear MeOHn.a. U. S. 2050 Gas Coal Oil boiler Gas turbine Nuclear MeOHn.a. Japan 2010 Gas Coal Oil boiler Gas turbine Nuclear MeOH

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

A MULTI-COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF LIFECYCLE EMISSIONS FROM TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND MOTOR VEHICLES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TYPE U. S. 2010 Gas Coal Oil boiler Gas turbine Nuclear MeOHn.a. U. S. 2050 Gas Coal Oil boiler Gas turbine Nuclear MeOHn.a. Japan 2010 Gas Coal Oil boiler Gas turbine Nuclear MeOH

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

A MULTI-COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF LIFECYCLE EMISSIONS FROM TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND MOTOR VEHICLES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

oil n.e. ULSD oil n.e. FTD NG n.e. Fuel oil Still gas oiln.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. CH2 water CH2 NGMeOH NG n.e. MeOH coal n.e. MeOH Ethanol Ethanol wood n.e.

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

A Multi-Country Analysis of Lifecycle Emissions From Transportation Fuels and Motor Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

oil n.e. ULSD oil n.e. FTD NG n.e. Fuel oil Still gas oiln.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. CH2 water CH2 NGMeOH NG n.e. MeOH coal n.e. MeOH Ethanol Ethanol wood n.e.

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor vehicle emission" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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461

A Multi-Country Analysis of Lifecycle Emissions From Transportation Fuels and Motor Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and the average length of foreign pipelines shipping gas toto the average length of domestic pipeline transmission inthe average length of gas transmission pipelines inside of C

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

A MULTI-COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF LIFECYCLE EMISSIONS FROM TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND MOTOR VEHICLES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and the average length of foreign pipelines shipping gas toto the average length of domestic pipeline transmission inthe average length of gas transmission pipelines inside of C

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

A MULTI-COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF LIFECYCLE EMISSIONS FROM TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND MOTOR VEHICLES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Association, Uranium Enrichment, www.world- nuclear.org/0.30 for military high-enriched uranium. Uranium enrichment.international trade in uranium enrichment services (measured

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

A Multi-Country Analysis of Lifecycle Emissions From Transportation Fuels and Motor Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Association, Uranium Enrichment, www.world- nuclear.org/0.30 for military high-enriched uranium. Uranium enrichment.international trade in uranium enrichment services (measured

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

A MULTI-COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF LIFECYCLE EMISSIONS FROM TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND MOTOR VEHICLES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the lifecycle of gasoline: crude oil recovery, petroleummaterials are input to the crude-oil recovery process, whichresults in an output of crude oil. This crude oil output is

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z