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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline includes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Motor gasolines, summer 1979  

SciTech Connect

Analytical data for 2401 samples of motor gasoline, from service stations throughout the country, were collected and analyzed under agreement between the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center and the American Petroleum Institute. The samples represent the products of 48 companies, large and small, which manufacture and supply gasoline. These data are tabulated by groups according to brands (unlabeled) and grades for 17 marketing areas and districts into which the country is divided. A map included in this report, shows marketing areas, districts and sampling locations. The report also includes charts indicating the trends of selected properties of motor fuels since 1949. Twelve octane distribution percent charts for areas 1, 2, 3, and 4 for unleaded, regular, and premium grades of gasoline are presented in this report. The antiknock (octane) index ((R + M)/2) averages of gasoline sold in this country were 88.6, 89.3, and 93.7 unleaded, regular, and premium grades of gasolines, respectively.

Shelton, E.M.

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Motor gasolines, summer 1980  

SciTech Connect

Analytical data for 2062 samples of motor gasoline were collected from service stations throughout the country and were analyzed in the laboratories of various refiners, motor manufacturers, and chemical companies. The data were submitted to the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center for study, necessary calculations, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC) and the American Petroleum Institute (API). The samples represent the products of 48 companies, large and small, which manufacture and supply gasoline. These data are tabulated by groups according to brands (unlabeled) and grades for 17 marketing districts into which the country is divided. A map included in this report, shows marketing areas, districts and sampling locations. The report also includes charts indicating the trends of selected properties of motor fuels since 1949. Twelve octane distribution percent charts for areas 1, 2, 3, and 4 for unleaded, regular, and premium grades of gasoline are presented in this report. The anitknock (octane) index ((R + M)/2) averages of gasolines sold in this country were 87.8 for the unleaded below 90.0, 91.6 for the unleaded 90.0 and above, 88.9 for the regular, and 92.8 for the premium grades of gasoline.

Shelton, E.M.

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Motor gasolines, Summer 1982  

SciTech Connect

The samples were collected from service stations throughout the country and were analyzed in the laboratories of various refiners, motor manufacturers, and chemical companies. The analytical data for 796 samples of motor gasoline, were submitted to the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center for study, necessary calculations, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC) and the American Petroleum Institute (API). They represent the products of 22 companies, large and small, which manufacture and supply gasoline. These data are tabulated by groups according to brands (unlabeled) and grades for 17 marketing districts into which the country is divided. A map included in this report, shows marketing areas, districts and sampling locations. The report also includes charts indicating the trends of selected properties of motor fuels since 1959. Sixteen octane distribution percent charts for areas 1, 2, 3, and 4 for unleaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 below 90.0, unleaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 90.0 and above, leaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 below 93.0, and leaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 93.0 and above grades of gasoline are presented in this report. The antiknock (octane) index (R + M)/2 averages of gasoline sold in this country were 87.3 for unleaded below 90.0, 91.7 for unleaded 90.0 and above, 89.0 for leaded below 93.0, and no data in this report for 93.0 and above grades of leaded gasoline.

Shelton, E.M.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Motor gasolines, summer 1981  

SciTech Connect

The samples were collected from service stations throughout the country and were analyzed in the laboratories of various refiners, motor manufacturers, and chemical companies. The analytical data for 715 samples of motor gasoline were submitted to the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center for study, necessary calculations, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC) and the American Petroleum Institute (API). They represent the products of 33 companies, large and small, which manufacture and supply gasoline. These data are tabulated by groups according to brands (unlabeled) and grades for 17 marketing included in this report shows marketing districts into which the country is divided. A map included in this report shows marketing areas, districts and sampling locations. The report also includes charts indicating the trends of selected properties of motor fuels since 1959. Sixteen octane distribution percent charts for areas 1, 2, 3, and 4 for unleaded antiknock index (R+M)/2 below 90.0, unleaded antiknock index (R+M)/2 90.0 and above, leaded antiknock index (R+M)/2 below 93.0, and leaded antiknock index (R+M)/2 93.0 and above grades of gasoline are presented in this report. The antiknock (octane) index (R+M)/2 averages of gasoline sold in this country were 87.4 for unleaded below 90.0, 91.3 for unleaded 90.0 and above, 89.0 for leaded below 93.0, and no data in this report for 93.0 and above grades of leaded gasoline.

Shelton, E.M.

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Finished Motor Gasoline Net Production  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Data Series: Finished Motor Gasoline Finished Motor Gasoline (less Adj.) Reformulated Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Blenede w/ Fuel Ethanol Reformulated Other Gasoline Conventional Gasoline Conventional Gasoline Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol Conventional Gasoline Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol, Ed55 & Ed55 Other Conventional Gasoline Finished Motor Gasoline Adjustment Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene-Type Jet, Commercial Kerosene-Type Jet, Military Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate Fuel Oil, 15 ppm Sulfur and Under Distillate Fuel Oil > 15 ppm to 500 ppm Sulfur Distillate Fuel Oil > 500 ppm Sulfur Residual Fuel Oil Propane/Propylene Period: Weekly 4-Week Average

6

Net Taxable Gasoline Gallons (Including Aviation Gasoline)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Net Taxable Gasoline Gallons (Including Aviation Gasoline) Period 2000 2001 (2) 2002 2003 2004 "gross" to "net" , was deemed impractical. (5) This report replaces the Gross Taxable Gasoline Gallons (Including Aviation Gasoline) report which will not be produced after December 2002. (6) The November 2007

7

Retail Motor Gasoline Prices*  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Gasoline pump prices have backed down from the high prices experienced last summer and fall. The retail price for regular motor gasoline fell 11 cents per gallon from September to December. However, with crude oil prices rebounding somewhat from their December lows combined with lower than normal stock levels, we project that prices at the pump will rise modestly as the 2001 driving season begins this spring. For the summer of 2001, we expect only a little difference from the average price of $1.50 per gallon seen during the previous driving season, as motor gasoline stocks going into the driving season are projected to be slightly less than they were last year. The situation of relatively low inventories for gasoline could set the stage for some regional imbalances in supply that could once again

8

EIS-0039: Motor Gasoline Deregulation and the Gasoline Tilt  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Economic Regulatory Administration developed this EIS to evaluate the environmental impacts, including social and economic impacts, that may result from either of two proposed regulatory changes: (1) the exemption of motor gasoline from the Department of Energy's Mandatory Petroleum Price and Allocation Regulations, and (2) the adoption of the gasoline tilt, a proposed regulation that would allow refiners to recover an additional amount of their total increased costs on gasoline.

9

MTBE, Oxygenates, and Motor Gasoline  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

MTBE, Oxygenates, and MTBE, Oxygenates, and Motor Gasoline Contents * Introduction * Federal gasoline product quality regulations * What are oxygenates? * Who gets gasoline with oxygenates? * Which areas get MTBE? * How much has been invested in MTBE production capacity? * What does new Ethanol capacity cost? * What would an MTBE ban cost? * On-line information resources * Endnotes * Summary of revisions to this analysis Introduction The blending of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) into motor gasoline has increased dramatically since it was first produced 20 years ago. MTBE usage grew in the early 1980's in response to octane demand resulting initially from the phaseout of lead from gasoline and later from rising demand for premium gasoline. The oxygenated gasoline program stimulated an

10

Motor gasolines, winter 1979-1980  

SciTech Connect

Analytical data for 1857 samples of motor gasoline, were collected from service stations throughout the country and were analyzed in the laboratories of various refiners, motor manufacturers, and chemical companies. The data were submitted to the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center for study, necessary calculations, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC) and the American Petroleum Institute (API). The samples represent the products of 48 companies, large and small, which manufacture and supply gasoline. These data are tabulated by groups according to brands (unlabeled) and grades for 17 marketing districts into which the country is divided. A map included in this report shows marketing areas districts and sampling locations. The report also includes charts indicating the trends of selected properties of motor fuels since 1949. Twelve octane distribution percent charts for areas, 1, 2, 3, and 4 for unleaded, regular, and premium grades of gasoline are presented in this report. The antiknock (octane) index ((R+M)/2) averages of gasoline sold in this country were 87.9, 92.1, 89.0, and 93.3 unleaded below 90.0, unleaded 90.0 and above, regular, and premium grades of gasolines, respectively.

Shelton, E.M.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Motor gasolines, Winter 1980-81  

SciTech Connect

Analytical data for 546 samples of motor gasoline, were collected from service stations throughout the country and were analyzed in the laboratories of various refiners, motor manufacturers, and chemical companies. The data were submitted to the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center for study, necessary calculations, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC) and the American Petroleum Institute (API). The samples represent the products of 23 companies, large and small, which manufacture and supply gasoline. These data are tabulated by groups according to brands (unlabeled) and grades for 17 marketing districts into which the country is divided. A map included in this report, shows marketing areas, districts and sampling locations. The report also includes charts indicating the trends of selected properties of motor fuels since 1959. Sixteen octane distribution percent charts for areas 1, 2, 3, and 4 for unleaded antiknock index (R+M)/2 below 90.0, unleaded antiknock index (R+M)/2 90.0 and above, leaded antiknock index (R+M)/2 below 93.0, and leaded antiknock index (R+M)/2 93.0 and above grades of gasoline are presented in this report. The antiknock (octane) index (R+M)/2 averages of gasoline sold in this country were 87.6 unleaded below 90.0, 91.4 unleaded 90.0 and above, 89.1 leaded below 93.0, and 93.3 leaded 93.0 and above grades of gasoline.

Shelton, E.M.

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Motor gasolines, winter 1981-1982  

SciTech Connect

Analytical data for 905 samples of motor gasoline, were collected from service stations throughout the country and were analyzed in the laboratories of various refiners, motor manufacturers, and chemical companies. The data were submitted to the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center for study, necessary calculations, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC) and the American Petroleum Institute (API). The samples represent the products of 30 companies, large and small, which manufacture and supply gasoline. These data are tabulated by groups according to brands (unlabeled) and grades for 17 marketing districts into which the country is divided. A map included in this report, shows marketing areas, districts and sampling locations. The report also includes charts indicating the trends of selected properties of motor fuels since winter 1959-1960 survey for the leaded gasolines, and since winter 1979-1980 survey for the unleaded gasolines. Sixteen octane distribution percent charts for areas 1, 2, 3, and 4 for unleaded antiknock index (R+M)/2 below 90.0, unleaded antiknock index (R+M)/2 90.0 and above, leaded antiknock index (R+M)/2 below 93.0, and leaded antiknock index (R+M)/2 93.0 and above grades of gasoline are presented in this report. The antiknock (octane) index (R+M)/2 averages of gasoline sold in this country were 87.4 for unleaded below 90.0, 91.7 for unleaded 90.0 and above, and 88.9 for leaded below 93.0. Only one sample was reported as 93.0 for leaded gasolines with an antiknock index (R+M)/2 93.0 and above.

Shelton, E M

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Motor gasolines, winter 1982-83  

SciTech Connect

Analytical data for 1330 samples of motor gasoline, were collected from service stations throughout the country and were analyzed in the laboratories of various refiners, motor manufacturers, and chemical companies. The data were submitted to the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center for study, necessary calculations, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC) and the American Petroleum Institute (API). The samples represent the products of 28 companies, large and small, which manufacture and supply gasoline. These data are tabulated by groups according to brands (unlabeled) and grades for 17 marketing districts into which the country is divided. A map included in this report, shows marketing areas, districts and sampling locations. The report also includes charts indicating the trends of selected properties of motor fuels since winter 1959-1960 survey for the leaded gasolines, and since winter 1979-1980 survey for the unleaded gasolines. Sixteen octane distribution percent charts for areas 1, 2, 3, and 4 for unleaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 below 90.0, unleaded antiknock index (R + M/2 90.0 and above, leaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 below 93.0, and leaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 93.0 and above grades of gasoline are presented in this report. The antiknock (octane) index (R + M)/2 averages of gasoline sold in this country were 87.3 for unleaded below 90.0, 91.5 for unleaded 90.0 and above, and 89.1 for leaded below 93.0, and no data was reported in this report for leaded gasolines with an antiknock index (R + M)/2 93.0 and above. 21 figures, 5 tables.

Shelton, E.M.

1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Price of Motor Gasoline Through Retail Outlets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Prices, Sales Volumes & Stocks by State Prices, Sales Volumes & Stocks by State (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Data Series: Retail Price - Motor Gasoline Retail Price - Regular Gasoline Retail Price - Midgrade Gasoline Retail Price - Premium Gasoline Retail Price - Aviation Gasoline Retail Price - Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Retail Price - Propane Retail Price - Kerosene Retail Price - No. 1 Distillate Retail Price - No. 2 Distillate Retail Price - No. 2 Fuel Oil Retail Price - No. 2 Diesel Fuel Retail Price - No. 4 Fuel Oil Prime Supplier Sales - Motor Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Regular Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Midgrade Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Premium Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Aviation Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Prime Supplier Sales - Propane (Consumer Grade) Prime Supplier Sales - Kerosene Prime Supplier Sales - No. 1 Distillate Prime Supplier Sales - No. 2 Distillate Prime Supplier Sales - No. 2 Fuel Oil Prime Supplier Sales - No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prime Supplier Sales - No. 4 Fuel Oil Prime Supplier Sales - Residual Fuel Oil Stocks - Finished Motor Gasoline Stocks - Reformulated Gasoline Stocks - Conventional Gasoline Stocks - Motor Gasoline Blending Components Stocks - Kerosene Stocks - Distillate Fuel Oil Stocks - Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and under Sulfur Stocks - Distillate F.O., Greater than 15 to 500 ppm Sulfur Stocks - Distillate F.O., Greater 500 ppm Sulfur Stocks - Residual Fuel Oil Stocks - Propane/Propylene Period: Monthly Annual

15

Motor Gasoline Outlook and State MTBE Bans  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Motor Gasoline Outlook Motor Gasoline Outlook and State MTBE Bans Tancred Lidderdale Contents 1. Summary 2. MTBE Supply and Demand 3. Ethanol Supply 4. Gasoline Supply 5. Gasoline Prices A. Long-Term Equilibrium Price Analysis B. Short-Term Price Volatility 6. Conclusion 7. Appendix A. Estimating MTBE Consumption by State 8. Appendix B. MTBE Imports and Exports 9. Appendix C. Glossary of Terms 10. End Notes 11. References 1. Summary The U.S. is beginning the summer 2003 driving season with lower gasoline inventories and higher prices than last year. Recovery from this tight gasoline market could be made more difficult by impending State bans on the blending of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) into gasoline that are scheduled to begin later this year. Three impending State bans on MTBE blending could significantly affect gasoline

16

EIA-878 Motor Gasoline Price Survey ? Reference Guide  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 Motor Gasoline Price Survey - Reference Guide For the purposes of the Motor Gasoline Price Survey (EIA-878), we collect prices for the following gasoline grades as defined by...

17

Summer 2002 Motor Gasoline Outlook2.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Summer 2002 Motor Gasoline Outlook Summary For the upcoming summer season (April to September 2002), rising average crude oil costs are expected to yield above -average seasonal gasoline price increases at the pump. However, year-over-year comparisons for pump prices are still likely to be lower this summer. Inventories are at higher levels than last year in April, so some cushion against early-season price spikes is in place and price levels are expected to range below last year's averages, assuming no unanticipated disruptions. Still, OPEC production restraint and tightening world oil markets now probably mark the end of the brief respite (since last fall) from two years of relatively high gasoline prices. * Retail gasoline prices (regular grade) are expected to average $1.46 per gallon, 5

18

Blender Net Production of Finished Motor Gasoline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Product: Total Finished Motor Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Reformulated Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol Reformulated Other Conventional Gasoline Conventional Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol Conventional Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol, Ed55 and Lower Conventional Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol, Greater than Ed55 Conventional Other Finished Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm Sulfur and under Distillate F.O., Greater than 15 ppm to 500 ppm Sulfur Distillate F.O., Greater than 500 ppm Sulfur Residual Fuel Oil Residual Fuel Less Than 0.31 Percent Sulfur Residual Fuel 0.31 to 1.00 Percent Sulfur Residual Fuel Greater Than 1.00 Percent Sulfur Special Naphthas Lubricants Asphalt and Road Oil Miscellaneous Products Processing Gain(-) or Loss(+) Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

19

Summer 2003 Motor Gasoline Outlook.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3 3 1 Short-Term Energy Outlook April 2003 Summer 2003 Motor Gasoline Outlook Summary For the upcoming summer season (April to September 2003), high crude oil costs and other factors are expected to yield average retail motor gasoline prices higher than those of last year. Current crude oil prices reflect a substantial uncertainty premium due to concerns about the current conflict in the Persian Gulf, lingering questions about whether Venezuelan oil production will recover to near pre-strike levels in time for the peak driving season, and the impact of recent disruptions in Nigerian oil output. Moreover, unusually low crude oil and gasoline inventory levels at the outset of the driving season are expected to keep prices high throughout much of the

20

Countries Gasoline Prices Including Taxes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Countries (U.S. dollars per gallon, including taxes) Countries (U.S. dollars per gallon, including taxes) Date Belgium France Germany Italy Netherlands UK US 01/13/14 7.83 7.76 7.90 8.91 8.76 8.11 3.68 01/06/14 8.00 7.78 7.94 8.92 8.74 8.09 3.69 12/30/13 NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.68 12/23/13 NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.63 12/16/13 7.86 7.79 8.05 9.00 8.78 8.08 3.61 12/9/13 7.95 7.81 8.14 8.99 8.80 8.12 3.63 12/2/13 7.91 7.68 8.07 8.85 8.68 8.08 3.64 11/25/13 7.69 7.61 8.07 8.77 8.63 7.97 3.65 11/18/13 7.99 7.54 8.00 8.70 8.57 7.92 3.57 11/11/13 7.63 7.44 7.79 8.63 8.46 7.85 3.55 11/4/13 7.70 7.51 7.98 8.70 8.59 7.86 3.61 10/28/13 8.02 7.74 8.08 8.96 8.79 8.04 3.64 10/21/13 7.91 7.71 8.11 8.94 8.80 8.05 3.70 10/14/13 7.88 7.62 8.05 8.87 8.74 7.97 3.69

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline includes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Demand, Supply, and Price Outlook for Reformulated Motor Gasoline 1995  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Demand, Supply, and Price Outlook for Reformulated Demand, Supply, and Price Outlook for Reformulated Motor Gasoline 1995 by Tancred Lidderdale* Provisions of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 designed to reduce ground-level ozone will increase the demand for reformulated motor gaso- line in a number of U.S. metropolitan areas. Refor- mulated motor gasoline is expected to constitute about one-third of total motor gasoline demand in 1995, and refiners will have to change plant opera- tions and modify equipment in order to meet the higher demand. The costs incurred are expected to create a wholesale price premium for reformu- lated motor gasoline of up to 4.0 cents per gallon over the price of conventional motor gasoline. This article discusses the effects of the new regulations on the motor gasoline market and the refining

22

Petroleum Products Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 56 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1996 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD...

23

Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 262 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1996 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type,...

24

Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 262 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1997 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type,...

25

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per...

26

Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

27

Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

28

Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

- - - - W W - - - - - - See footnotes at end of table. 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 86 Energy Information...

29

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per...

30

Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

31

Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

32

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

- - - - W W - - - - - - See footnotes at end of table. 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 292 Energy Information...

33

Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

- - - - - - - - - - - - See footnotes at end of table. 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 116 Energy Information...

34

Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

35

Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

36

Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Petroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by Grade, Formulation, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued...

37

Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by Grade, Formulation, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued...

38

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per...

39

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

40

Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline includes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

42

Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Petroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by Grade, Formulation, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued...

43

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

44

Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

- - - - 64.7 64.7 - - - - - - See footnotes at end of table. 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 86 Energy Information...

45

U.S. Motor Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Product: Motor Gasoline Regular Gasoline Midgrade Gasoline Premium Gasoline Conventional Gasoline Oxygenated Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Product: Motor Gasoline Regular Gasoline Midgrade Gasoline Premium Gasoline Conventional Gasoline Oxygenated Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Product Sales Type Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Sales to End Users, Total 28,179.6 24,384.0 24,143.9 23,567.1 24,120.5 23,282.9 1983-2013 Through Retail Outlets 26,507.1 22,632.7 22,641.3 22,038.2 22,474.5 21,660.0 1983-2013 Sales for Resale, Total NA NA NA NA NA NA 1983-2013 DTW 24,954.1 29,704.3 30,138.3 29,222.8 30,011.9 28,880.3 1994-2013 Rack 236,373.7 242,166.6 243,892.5 243,789.7 248,761.4 237,431.5 1994-2013

46

Microsoft Word - Summer 2004 Motor Gasoline Outlook.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

April 2004 April 2004 Summer 2004 Motor Gasoline Outlook Summary * Gasoline markets are tight as the 2004 driving season begins and conditions are likely to remain volatile through the summer. High crude oil costs, strong gasoline demand growth, low gasoline inventories, uncertainty about the availability of gasoline imports, high transportation costs, and changes in gasoline specifications have added to current and expected gasoline costs and pump prices. * For the upcoming summer driving season (April to September 2004), retail gasoline prices (regular grade, all formulations) are projected to average $1.76 per gallon, about 20 cents above last summer. A 95-percent confidence range for the summer price average, excluding specific consideration of major

47

Motor Gasoline Outlook and State MTBE Bans  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The U.S. is beginning the summer 2003 driving season with lower gasoline inventories and higher prices than last year. Recovery from this tight gasoline market could be made more difficult by impending state bans on the blending of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) into gasoline that are scheduled to begin later this year.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Petroleum Products Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

99.2 - 105.3 See footnotes at end of table. 56 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2000 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD...

49

Petroleum Products Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

66.6 - 72.3 See footnotes at end of table. 56 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD...

50

Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

133.6 - 276.4 See footnotes at end of table. 220 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2000 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type,...

51

Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

201.3 - 453.3 See footnotes at end of table. 262 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type,...

52

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2,026.7 W W 234.5 161.7 - 396.3 See footnotes at end of table. 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 262 Energy Information...

53

Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

70.8 92.7 90.7 81.5 72.8 - 78.0 See footnotes at end of table. 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 146 Energy Information...

54

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2,222.4 W W 206.4 134.3 - 340.7 See footnotes at end of table. 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 262 Energy Information...

55

Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

466.1 466.1 See footnotes at end of table. 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by Grade, Formulation, PAD District, and State 356 Energy Information Administration...

56

Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

71.7 92.3 89.9 82.6 72.7 - 78.2 See footnotes at end of table. 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 146 Energy Information...

57

Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

532.1 532.1 See footnotes at end of table. 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by Grade, Formulation, PAD District, and State 356 Energy Information Administration...

58

Restructuring: The Changing Face of Motor Gasoline Marketing  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This report reviews the U.S. motor gasoline marketing industry during the period 1990 to 1999, focusing on changes that occurred during the period. The report incorporates financial and operating data from the Energy Information Administration's Financial Reporting System (FRS), motor gasoline outlet counts collected by the National Petroleum News from the states, and U.S. Census Bureau salary and employment data published in County Business Patterns.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

W W 78.6 W 85.7 81.8 W 69.3 73.8 See footnotes at end of table. 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District and State 176 Energy Information...

60

Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

W 70.5 78.9 W 76.0 83.6 W 69.2 75.2 See footnotes at end of table. 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District and State 176 Energy Information...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline includes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Estimation of Individual C8 to C10 Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Naphthas and Motor Gasolines by Capillary Gas Chromatography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......naphthas and motor gasolines is o f great importance...C10 aromatics in straight run, processed naphtha...reformed, and motor gasolines), or i n aromatic...analysis in any straight run, reformed naphthas, and gasolines with final boiling......

Basant Kumar; R.K. Kuchhal; Pradeep Kumar; P.L. Gupta

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Motor Gasoline Market Spring 2007 and Implications for Spring 2008  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Motor Gasoline Market Spring 2007 Motor Gasoline Market Spring 2007 and Implications for Spring 2008 April 2008 Energy Information Administration Office of Oil and Gas U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. The information contained herein should be attributed to the Energy Information Administration and should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the U.S. Department of Energy or any other organization. Service Reports are prepared by the Energy Information Administration upon special request and are based on assumptions specified by the requestor. Preface and Contacts

63

MTBE, Oxygenates, and Motor Gasoline (Released in the STEO October 1999)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The blending of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) into motor gasoline has increased dramatically since it was first produced 20 years ago. MTBE usage grew in the early 1980's in response to octane demand resulting initially from the phaseout of lead from gasoline and later from rising demand for premium gasoline. The oxygenated gasoline program stimulated an increase in MTBE production between 1990 and 1994. MTBE demand increased from 83,000 in 1990 to 161,000 barrels per day in 1994. The reformulated gasoline (RFG) program provided a further boost to oxygenate blending. The MTBE contained in motor gasoline increased to 269,000 barrels per day by 1997.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

56 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

65

Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

56 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

66

Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

67

Table A1. Refiner/Reseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 401 Table A1. RefinerReseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD District and State, 1984-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

68

Carbonyl Emissions from Gasoline and Diesel Motor Vehicles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the present study we describe measurements of gas- and particle-phase carbonyl emissions from light-duty gasoline (LDV) and heavy-duty diesel (HDDV) motor vehicles operated on a chassis dynamometer under realistic driving cycles. ... Vehicles were tested under a five-mode driving cycle (HHDDT, heavy heavy-duty diesel truck) consisting of 30-min idle, 17-min creep, and 11-min transient stages and two cruise stages of 34 and 31 min, with a top speed of 65 miles h?1 for the second cruise (30). ... In general, as the volatility of the carbonyl decreased, so did the PUF/total particulate carbonyl ratio. ...

Chris A. Jakober; Michael A. Robert; Sarah G. Riddle; Hugo Destaillats; M. Judith Charles; Peter G. Green; Michael J. Kleeman

2008-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

69

,"U.S. Motor Gasoline Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Prices" Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Motor Gasoline Prices",6,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_pri_allmg_c_nus_epm0_dpgal_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pri_allmg_c_nus_epm0_dpgal_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/2/2013 2:33:46 AM"

70

Why Do Motor Gasoline Prices Vary Regionally? California Case Study  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Analysis of the difference between the retail gasoline prices in California and the average U.S. retail prices.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Table A1. Refiner/Reseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

78.2 101.8 83.6 87.5 74.7 See footnotes at end of table. A1. RefinerReseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD District, and State, 1984-Present 452 Energy Information...

72

,"U.S. Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Motor Gasoline Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Users, Total Refiner Motor Gasoline Sales Volumes" Users, Total Refiner Motor Gasoline Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Products for Refiner Gasoline Volumes",1,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Data 2","by Grade",3,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Data 3","by Formulation",3,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1994" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refmg_d_nus_vtr_mgalpd_m.xls"

73

Microsoft Word - Summer 2006 Motor Gasoline Prices.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Coast Chicago New York Harbor Sources: Ethanol spot prices through July 7, 2006 - Jim Jordan & Associates, Fuels Blendstock Report (www.jordan-associates.com); Gasoline prices -...

74

Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

68.6 62.0 70.7 92.7 90.7 81.5 72.8 - 78.0 See footnotes at end of table. 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 56 Energy Information...

75

Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

68.9 62.6 71.6 92.3 89.9 82.6 72.7 - 78.2 See footnotes at end of table. 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 56 Energy Information...

76

,"U.S. Motor Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Refiner Sales Volumes" Refiner Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Motor Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes",6,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refmg_c_nus_epm0_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refmg_c_nus_epm0_mgalpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

77

,"Motor Gasoline Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Users, Total Refiner Sales Volumes" Users, Total Refiner Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Motor Gasoline Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Sales Volumes",60,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refmg_a_epm0_vtr_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refmg_a_epm0_vtr_mgalpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

78

,"U.S. Sales for Resale, Total Refiner Motor Gasoline Sales Volumes...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

for Refiner Gasoline Volumes" "Sourcekey","A103700001" "Date","U.S. Total Gasoline WholesaleResale Volume by Refiners (Thousand Gallons per Day)" 30331,217871.4 30362,217946.8...

79

,"Finished Motor Gasoline Refinery, Bulk Terminal, and Natural Gas Plant Stocks"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1993" Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1993" ,"Release Date:","11/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","Last Week of December 2013" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_stoc_st_a_epm0f_str_mbbl_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_stoc_st_a_epm0f_str_mbbl_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 11:32:19 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Finished Motor Gasoline Refinery, Bulk Terminal, and Natural Gas Plant Stocks" "Sourcekey","MGFSXUS1","MGFSXP11","MGFSXCT1","MGFS3_SDE_1","MGFSXFL1","MGFSXGA1","MGFS3_SME_1","MGFS3_SMD_1","MGFSXMA1","MGFS3_SNH_1","MGFSXNJ1","MGFSXNY1","MGFSXNC1","MGFSXPA1","MGFSXRI1","MGFSXSC1","MGFS3_SVT_1","MGFSXVA1","MGFSXWV1","MGFSXP21","MGFSXIL1","MGFSXIN1","MGFSXIA1","MGFS3_SKS_1","MGFSXKY1","MGFSXMI1","MGFSXMN1","MGFSXMO1","MGFS3_SNE_1","MGFS3_SND_1","MGFSXOH1","MGFSXOK1","MGFS3_SSD_1","MGFSXTN1","MGFSXWI1","MGFSXP31","MGFSXAL1","MGFSXAR1","MGFSXLA1","MGFSXMS1","MGFSXNM1","MGFSXTX1","MGFSXP41","MGFSXCO1","MGFSXID1","MGFSXMT1","MGFSXUT1","MGFSXWY1","MGFSXP51","MGFSXAK1","MGFSXAZ1","MGFSXCA1","MGFSXHI1","MGFSXNV1","MGFSXOR1","MGFSXWA1"

80

,"Finished Motor Gasoline Refinery, Bulk Terminal, and Natural Gas Plant Stocks"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012,"6/30/1993" Annual",2012,"6/30/1993" ,"Release Date:","9/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","9/26/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_stoc_st_a_epm0f_str_mbbl_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_stoc_st_a_epm0f_str_mbbl_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 11:32:18 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Finished Motor Gasoline Refinery, Bulk Terminal, and Natural Gas Plant Stocks" "Sourcekey","MGFSXUS1","MGFSXP11","MGFSXCT1","MGFS3_SDE_1","MGFSXFL1","MGFSXGA1","MGFS3_SME_1","MGFS3_SMD_1","MGFSXMA1","MGFS3_SNH_1","MGFSXNJ1","MGFSXNY1","MGFSXNC1","MGFSXPA1","MGFSXRI1","MGFSXSC1","MGFS3_SVT_1","MGFSXVA1","MGFSXWV1","MGFSXP21","MGFSXIL1","MGFSXIN1","MGFSXIA1","MGFS3_SKS_1","MGFSXKY1","MGFSXMI1","MGFSXMN1","MGFSXMO1","MGFS3_SNE_1","MGFS3_SND_1","MGFSXOH1","MGFSXOK1","MGFS3_SSD_1","MGFSXTN1","MGFSXWI1","MGFSXP31","MGFSXAL1","MGFSXAR1","MGFSXLA1","MGFSXMS1","MGFSXNM1","MGFSXTX1","MGFSXP41","MGFSXCO1","MGFSXID1","MGFSXMT1","MGFSXUT1","MGFSXWY1","MGFSXP51","MGFSXAK1","MGFSXAZ1","MGFSXCA1","MGFSXHI1","MGFSXNV1","MGFSXOR1","MGFSXWA1"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline includes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

U.S. Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Motor Gasoline Sales Volumes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Sales Type: Sales to End Users, Total Through Retail Outlets Sales for Resale, Total DTW Rack Bulk Sales Type: Sales to End Users, Total Through Retail Outlets Sales for Resale, Total DTW Rack Bulk Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Product Sales Type Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Motor Gasoline 28,179.6 24,384.0 24,143.9 23,567.1 24,120.5 23,282.9 1983-2013 by Grade Regular 23,757.8 20,526.5 20,356.1 19,806.6 20,240.9 19,586.1 1983-2013 Midgrade 1,876.1 1,545.0 1,534.8 1,527.0 1,561.5 1,484.7 1988-2013 Premium 2,545.7 2,312.4 2,252.9 2,233.5 2,318.1 2,212.1 1983-2013 by Formulation Conventional 16,716.2 14,277.3 13,878.1 13,588.6 14,053.9 13,516.9 1994-2013 Oxygenated - - - - - - 1994-2013

82

Long-term historical trends in gasoline properties are charted  

SciTech Connect

Trends in motor gasolines between 1942 and 1981 have been evaluated based upon data contained in motor gasoline surveys that have been prepared and published by the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC). These surveys have been published twice annually since 1935 describing the properties of motor gasolines from throughout the country. They have been conducted in cooperation with the American Petroleum Institute since 1949. A typical report covers 2,400 samples from service stations throughout the country representing some 48 companies that manufacture and supply gasoline. The reports include trend charts, octane plots and properties obtained from a dozen different tests.

Shelton, E.M.; Whisman, M.L.; Woodward, P.W.

1982-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

83

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Learn more... Learn more... Price trends and regional differences What causes fluctuations in motor gasoline prices? Retail gasoline prices are mainly affected by crude oil prices and the level of gasoline supply relative to demand. Strong and increasing demand for gasoline and other petroleum products in the United States and the rest of the world at times places intense pressure on available supplies. Even when crude oil prices are stable... read more in Gasoline Explained What causes fluctuations in diesel fuel oil prices? The retail price of a gallon of diesel fuel reflects the underlying costs and profits (or losses) of producing and delivering the product to customers. The price of diesel at the pump reflects the costs and profits of the entire production and distribution chain, including... read more in

84

U.S. Sales to End Users Prices for Motor Gasoline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Sales Type: Sales to End Users, Average Through Retail Outlets Sales for Resale, Average DTW Rack Bulk Sales Type: Sales to End Users, Average Through Retail Outlets Sales for Resale, Average DTW Rack Bulk Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Formulation/ Grade Sales Type Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Gasoline, Average - - - - - - 1983-2013 Regular Gasoline - - - - - - 1983-2013 Midgrade Gasoline - - - - - - 1988-2013 Premium Gasoline - - - - - - 1983-2013 Conventional, Average - - - - - - 1994-2013 Conventional Regular - - - - - - 1994-2013 Conventional Midgrade - - - - - - 1994-2013 Conventional Premium - - - - - - 1994-2013 Oxygenated, Average 1994-2006 Oxygenated Regular

85

Determination of Hydrocarbons Types and Oxygenates in Motor Gasoline: A Comparative Study by Different Analytical Techniques  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Various standard and published methods based on chromatographic and spectroscopic techniques are routinely used for hydrocarbon types (aromatics, olefins, oxygenates, etc.) in gasoline range fuel products for the assessment of product quality monitoring (...

V. Bansal; G. J. Krishna; A. P. Singh; A. K. Gupta; A. S. Sarpal

2007-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

86

Motor Systems Assessment Training, Including Use of the Motor Systems Tool Suite  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Motor Systems Assessment Training Motor Systems Assessment Training Presented by: Gilbert McCoy, PE Washington State University Extension Energy Program (360) 956-2086 mccoyg@energy.wsu.edu 2 Motor Systems Assessment Training 3 Motor Systems Assessment Training Department of Energy Information Resources U.S. DOE Industrial Technologies Program (ITP) BestPractices Website www.eere.energy.gov/industry/bestpractices EERE Information Center (877) 337-3463 Or www.eere.energy.gov/informationcenter 4 Motor Systems Assessment Training Big Picture Perspectives: Industrial Motor Systems Industrial motor systems: � Are the single largest electrical end use category in the American economy � Account for 23% of U.S. electrical sales. 5 Motor Systems Assessment Training Ultimate

87

habitual speech of stutterers that included bilateral motor system activation, overalloveractivation inthe motor system and reduced left  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;habitual speech of stutterers that included bilateral motor system activation, and Braun (2003) compared brain activations of both nonstuttering and stutter- ing individuals during and after fluency shaping therapy for stuttering. Such treatment in adults essentially teaches a modified

88

Reformulated Gasoline Complex Model  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Refiners Switch to Reformulated Refiners Switch to Reformulated Gasoline Complex Model Contents * Summary * Introduction o Table 1. Comparison of Simple Model and Complex Model RFG Per Gallon Requirements * Statutory, Individual Refinery, and Compliance Baselines o Table 2. Statutory Baseline Fuel Compositions * Simple Model * Complex Model o Table 3. Complex Model Variables * Endnotes Related EIA Short-Term Forecast Analysis Products * RFG Simple and Complex Model Spreadsheets * Areas Particpating in the Reformulated Gasoline Program * Environmental Regulations and Changes in Petroleum Refining Operations * Oxygenate Supply/Demand Balances in the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting Model * Reformulated Gasoline Foreign Refinery Rules * Demand, Supply, and Price Outlook for Reformulated Motor Gasoline, 1995 , (Adobe

89

Insights into Spring 2008 Gasoline Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Insights into Spring 2008 Gasoline Prices Insights into Spring 2008 Gasoline Prices Insights into Spring 2008 Gasoline Prices EIA released a new analytical report entitled Motor Gasoline Market Spring 2007 and Implications for Spring 2008. It includes a discussion of scheduled refinery outages in 2008 prepared in accordance with Section 804 of the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007, which requires EIA to review and analyze information on such outages from commercial reporting services and assess to their expected effects on the price and supply of gasoline. Changes in wholesale gasoline prices relative to crude oil are determined by the tightness between gasoline supply (production and net imports) and demand. Expectations for U.S. gasoline supply relative to demand are for a more favorable situation in January through May 2008 than was the case in the comparable 2007 period. Demand growth, which varies seasonally and depends on economic factors, is expected to slow. New gasoline supply is affected by refinery outages, refinery run decisions, and import variations. Planned refinery outages for January through May 2008 are lower than for the same period in 2007. Given lower planned outages and assuming the return of unplanned outages to more typical levels, including the return of BP's Texas City refinery to full operation, gasoline production could increase between 100 and 200 thousand barrels per day over last year's level, depending on the market incentives. In addition, ethanol use, which adds to gasoline supply, is expected to continue to increase. Considering the uncertainty in all the gasoline supply components, there is little likelihood of events combining in 2008 to lead to the kind of tight supply downstream from crude oil markets seen in spring 2007. In summary, refinery outage and import impacts should contribute less to gasoline price increases in 2008 than in 2007. If all of the low-range estimates for supply occurred, total gasoline supply would increase about 200 thousand barrels per day (Figure S1). However, record crude oil prices are nonetheless pushing current and expected gasoline prices to record levels.

90

Reformulated Gasoline Foreign Refinery Rules  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reformulated Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Foreign Refinery Rules Contents * Introduction o Table 1. History of Foreign Refiner Regulations * Foreign Refinery Baseline * Monitoring Imported Conventional Gasoline * Endnotes Related EIA Short-Term Forecast Analysis Products * Areas Participating in the Reformulated Gasoline Program * Environmental Regulations and Changes in Petroleum Refining Operations * Oxygenate Supply/Demand Balances in the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting Model * Refiners Switch to Reformulated Gasoline Complex Model * Demand, Supply, and Price Outlook for Reformulated Motor Gasoline, 1995 Introduction On August 27, 1997, the EPA promulgated revised the rules that allow foreign refiners to establish and use individual baselines, but it would not be mandatory (the optional use of an

91

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Gasoline Sampling Methodology Gasoline Sampling Methodology The sample for the Motor Gasoline Price Survey was drawn from a frame of approximately 115,000 retail gasoline outlets. The gasoline outlet frame was constructed by combining information purchased from a private commercial source with information contained on existing EIA petroleum product frames and surveys. Outlet names, and zip codes were obtained from the private commercial data source. Additional information was obtained directly from companies selling retail gasoline to supplement information on the frame. The individual frame outlets were mapped to counties using their zip codes. The outlets were then assigned to the published geographic areas as defined by the EPA program area, or for conventional gasoline areas, as defined by the Census Bureau's Standard Metropolitan

92

Gasoline Prices: What is Happening?  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Gasoline Prices: What is Happening? Gasoline Prices: What is Happening? 5/10/01 Click here to start Table of Contents Gasoline Prices: What is Happening? Retail Motor Gasoline Price* Forecast Doesn't Reflect Potential Volatility Midwest Looking Like Last Year RFG Responding More Strongly Gasoline Prices Vary Among Locations.Retail Regular Gasoline Price, Cents per Gallon May 8, 2001 Crude Oil Affects Gasoline Prices WTI Crude Oil Prices Are Expected To Remain Relatively High Through At Least 2001 Low Total OECD Oil Stocks* Keep Market Balance Tight Low U.S. Stocks Indicate Tight U.S. Market Regional Inventories Tight Product Balance Pushes Up Product Spread (Spot Product - Crude Price) "New Factor" Contributing to Volatility: Excess Capacity is Gone Regional Refinery Utilization Shows Gulf Coast Pressure

93

Gasolin n  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Gasolin n, Gasbenzin n ? natural gasoline, condensate, distillate [Liquid hydrocarbons, generally clear or pale straw-colo(u)red and of high API gravity (above 60), that are produced wit...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

natural gasoline  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

natural gasoline, condensate, distillate [Liquid hydrocarbons, generally clear or pale straw-coloured and of high API gravity (above 6o), that are produced with wet gas] ? Gasbenzin n, Gasolin n ...

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

The potential for low petroleum gasoline  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Policy Act requires the Secretary of Energy to determine the feasibility of producing sufficient replacement fuels to replace at least 30 percent of the projected consumption of motor fuels by light duty vehicles in the year 2010. The Act also requires the Secretary to determine the greenhouse gas implications of the use of replacement fuels. A replacement fuel is a non-petroleum portion of gasoline, including certain alcohols, ethers, and other components. The Oak Ridge National Laboratory Refinery Yield Model has been used to study the cost and refinery impacts for production of {open_quotes}low petroleum{close_quotes} gasolines, which contain replacement fuels. The analysis suggests that high oxygenation is the key to meeting the replacement fuel target, and a major contributor to cost increase is investment in processes to produce and etherify light olefins. High oxygenation can also increase the costs of control of vapor pressure, distillation properties, and pollutant emissions of gasolines. Year-round low petroleum gasoline with near-30 percent non-petroleum components might be produced with cost increases of 23 to 37 cents per gallon of gasoline, and with greenhouse gas emissions changes between a 3 percent increase and a 16 percent decrease. Crude oil reduction, with decreased dependence on foreign sources, is a major objective of the low petroleum gasoline program. For year-round gasoline with near-30 percent non-petroleum components, crude oil use is reduced by 10 to 12 percent, at a cost $48 to $89 per barrel. Depending upon resolution of uncertainties about extrapolation of the Environmental Protection Agency Complex Model for pollutant emissions, availability of raw materials and other issues, costs could be lower or higher.

Hadder, G.R.; Webb, G.M.; Clauson, M.

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

gasoline | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

gasoline gasoline Dataset Summary Description These data files contain volume, mass, and hardness changes of elastomers and plastics representative exposed to gasoline containing various levels of ethanol. These materials are representative of those used in gasoline fuel storage and dispensing hardware. All values are compared to the original untreated condition. The data sets include results from specimens exposed directly to the fuel liquid and also a set of specimens exposed only to the fuel vapors. Source Mike Kass, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Date Released August 16th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated August 16th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords compatibility elastomers ethanol gasoline plastics polymers Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon plastics_dma_results_san.xlsx (xlsx, 4.9 MiB)

97

FedEx Express Gasoline Hybrid Electric Delivery Truck Evaluation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

fleet that operates more than 30,000 motorized vehicles and has hybrid electric (diesel and gasoline) vehicles currently in service. FedEx Express has deployed 20 gasoline...

98

Microsoft Word - Gasoline_2008 Supplement.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 1 April 2008 Short-Term Energy Outlook Supplement: Motor Gasoline Consumption 2008 A Historical Perspective and Short-Term Projections 1 Highlights * Income growth rates have less of an impact on recent trends in gasoline consumption than in the past, but short-run effects are still significant. * High gasoline prices are once again motivating drivers to conserve by driving less and purchasing more fuel-efficient transportation. * The increasing share of lower-Btu-content ethanol has contributed to a growing divergence between volume-based and energy-content-based measures of trends in gasoline consumption. * Consumer sensitivity to gasoline price changes increases during periods when

99

Electric car Gasoline car  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ENAC/ Electric car (Renault) Gasoline car (competitors) Gasoline car (Renault) Market shares of an electric vehicle? Electric car (Renault) Gasoline car (competitors) Gasoline car (Renault) Market shares preference survey with choice situation contexts involving gasoline cars (Renault and competitors

100

The Performance of Gasoline Fuels and Surrogates in Gasoline...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

The Performance of Gasoline Fuels and Surrogates in Gasoline HCCI Combustion The Performance of Gasoline Fuels and Surrogates in Gasoline HCCI Combustion Almost 2 dozen gasoline...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline includes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

motor | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

0 0 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142279950 Varnish cache server motor Dataset Summary Description The data included in this submission is United States Department of Transportation (DOT) data up to 1995. The data includes motor-fuel gallonage taxes 1950-1995, motor-fuel use 1919-1995, private and commercial highway use of special fuels, by state 1949-1995, highway use of gasoline, by state 1949-1995, gasohol sales by state, 1980-1992, and estimated use of gasohol, 1993-1995. The data is presented in .xlsx format. Source DOT Date Released Unknown Date Updated Unknown Keywords DOT Fuel highway motor vehicle Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon Motor-fuel gallonage taxes 1950-1995 (xlsx, 37.3 KiB)

102

Gasoline vapor recovery  

SciTech Connect

In a gasoline distribution network wherein gasoline is drawn from a gasoline storage tank and pumped into individual vehicles and wherein the gasoline storage tank is refilled periodically from a gasoline tanker truck, a method of recovering liquid gasoline from gasoline vapor that collects in the headspace of the gasoline storage tank as the liquid gasoline is drawn therefrom, said method comprising the steps of: (a) providing a source of inert gas; (b) introducing inert gas into the gasoline storage tank as liquid gasoline is drawn therefrom so that liquid gasoline drawn from the tank is displaced by inert gas and gasoline vapor mixes with the inert gas in the headspace of the tank; (c) collecting the inert gas/gasoline vapor mixture from the headspace of the gasoline storage tank as the tank is refilled from a gasoline tanker truck; (d) cooling the inert gas/gasoline vapor mixture to a temperature sufficient to condense the gasoline vapor in the mixture to liquid gasoline but not sufficient to liquify the inert gas in the mixture; (e) separating the condensed liquid gasoline from the inert gas; and delivering the condensed liquid gasoline to a remote location for subsequent use.

Lievens, G.; Tiberi, T.P.

1993-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

103

Lifecycle Analysis of Air Quality Impacts of Hydrogen and Gasoline Transportation Fuel Pathways  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Includes gasoline, diesel, and electric. The following fourIncludes gasoline, diesel, and electric. In this study, weemissions from diesel-truck delivery and electric generation

Wang, Guihua

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

With Mathematica Gasoline Inventory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Preprint 1 With Mathematica and J: Gasoline Inventory Simulation Cliff Reiter Computational for the number of gallons of gasoline sold by a station for a thousand weeks. The pattern involves demands with the delivery and storage of the gasoline and we desire not to run out of gasoline or exceed the station

Reiter, Clifford A.

105

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Gasoline Price Data Collection Procedures Gasoline Price Data Collection Procedures Every Monday, retail prices for all three grades of gasoline are collected by telephone from a sample of approximately 800 retail gasoline outlets. The prices are published around 5:00 p.m. ET Monday, except on government holidays, when the data are released on Tuesday (but still represent Monday's price). The reported price includes all taxes and is the pump price paid by a consumer as of 8:00 A.M. Monday. This price represents the self-serve price except in areas having only full-serve. The price data are used to calculate weighted average price estimates at the city, state, regional and national levels using sales and delivery volume data from other EIA surveys and population estimates from the Bureau of Census.

106

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Advanced Gasoline Turbocharged Direct Injection (GTDI) Engine Development  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation given by Ford Motor Companyh at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about advanced gasoline...

107

Fact #639: September 6, 2010 Gasoline Tax Rates by State  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Federal Excise Tax on motor gasoline is 18.4 cents per gallon for all states. Each state applies additional taxes which vary from state to state. As of July 2010, Alaska had the lowest overall...

108

Motor fuel prices in Turkey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The world?s most expensive motor fuel (gasoline, diesel and LPG) is sold most likely in the Republic of Turkey. This paper investigates the key issues related to the motor fuel prices in Turkey. First of all, the paper analyses the main reason behind high prices, namely motor fuel taxes in Turkey. Then, it estimates the elasticity of motor fuel demand in Turkey using an econometric analysis. The findings indicate that motor fuel demand in Turkey is quite inelastic and, therefore, not responsive to price increases caused by an increase in either pre-tax prices or taxes. Therefore, fuel market in Turkey is open to opportunistic behavior by firms (through excessive profits) and the government (through excessive taxes). Besides, the paper focuses on the impact of high motor fuel prices on road transport associated activities, including the pattern of passenger transportation, motorization rate, fuel use, total kilometers traveled and CO2 emissions from road transportation. The impact of motor fuel prices on income distribution in Turkey and Turkish public opinion about high motor fuel prices are also among the subjects investigated in the course of the study.

Erkan Erdogdu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

The relationship between crude oil and gasoline prices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study investigates the dynamic relationship between crude oil and retail gasoline prices during the last 21 years and determines ... that date, the results show that gasoline prices include higher profit mar...

Ali T. Akarca; Dimitri Andrianacos

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Gas Mileage of 1984 Vehicles by American Motors Corporation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 American Motors Corporation Vehicles 4 American Motors Corporation Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 4 cyl, 2.5 L, Manual 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 19 City 20 Combined 22 Highway 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 4 cyl, 2.5 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 19 City 21 Combined 23 Highway 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 6 cyl, 4.2 L, Automatic 3-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 15 City 17 Combined 20 Highway 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 6 cyl, 4.2 L, Manual 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 16 City 17 Combined 20 Highway 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 6 cyl, 4.2 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline

111

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Procedures, Methodology, and Coefficients of Variation Procedures, Methodology, and Coefficients of Variation Gasoline Price Data Collection Procedures Every Monday, retail prices for all three grades of gasoline are collected by telephone from a sample of approximately 800 retail gasoline outlets. The prices are published around 5:00 p.m. ET Monday, except on government holidays, when the data are released on Tuesday (but still represent Monday's price). The reported price includes all taxes and is the pump price paid by a consumer as of 8:00 A.M. Monday. This price represents the self-serve price except in areas having only full-serve. The price data are used to calculate weighted average price estimates at the city, state, regional and national levels using sales and delivery volume data from other EIA surveys and population estimates from the Bureau of Census.

112

Pollutant Emissions from Gasoline Combustion. 1. Dependence on Fuel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pollutant Emissions from Gasoline Combustion. 1. Dependence on Fuel Structural Functionalities H O fractions of gasoline fuels, the Utah Surrogate Mechanisms is extended to include submecha- nisms of gasoline surrogate compounds using a set of mechanism generation techniques. The mechanism yields very good

Utah, University of

113

Process for producing gasoline of high octane number, in particular lead-free gasoline  

SciTech Connect

A process is described for producing gasoline of high octane number from C/sub 3/ and C/sub 4/ olefinic cuts, such as those obtained by fractional distillation of a C/sub 3/ / C/sub 4/ catalytic cracking cut. It includes the steps of: (A) oligomerizing propylene of the C/sub 3/ cut to obtain a first gasoline fraction, (B) reacting the isobutene of the C/sub 4/ cut with methanol to produce methyl tert.-butyl ether which is separated from the unreacted C/sub 4/ hydrocarbons to form a second gasoline fraction, (C) alkylating said unreacted C/sub 4/ hydrocarbons with isobutane in the presence of an alkylation catalyst such as hydrofluoric acid, to form a third gasoline fraction, and (D) admixing, at least partially, said first, second and third gasoline fractions, so as to obtain gasoline of high octane number.

Chauvin, Y.; Gaillard, J.; Hellin, M.; Torck, B.; Vu, Q.D.

1981-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

114

Motor Exhaust-related Occupations and Bladder Cancer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...effects of diesel and gasoline engine exhaust...from the general population...Registrar General's decennial...14), diesel and traffic...gasoline engines (20, 21...that in the general population...Exposure to Diesel Exhaust...Motor Vehicle Engines; Gaseous...

Debra T. Silverman; Robert N. Hoover; Thomas J. Mason; and G. Marie Swanson

1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Short-Term Energy Outlook April 1999-Summer Gasoline Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Summer Motor Gasoline Outlook Summer Motor Gasoline Outlook This year's base case outlook for summer (April-September) motor gasoline markets may be summarized as follows: * Pump Prices: (average regular) projected to average about $1.13 per gallon this summer, up 9-10 cents from last year. The increase, while substantial, still leaves average prices low compared to pre-1998 history, especially in inflation-adjusted terms. * Supplies: expected to be adequate, overall. Beginning-of-season inventories were even with the 1998 level, which was at the high end of the normal range. However, some refinery problems on the West Coast have tightened things up, at least temporarily. * Demand: up 2.0 percent from last summer due to solid economic growth and low (albeit rising) fuel prices; highway travel may reach 1.4 trillion miles for the

116

State Gasoline Taxes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS HUMANISTIC STUDIES Vol. III March 15, 192S No. 4 State Gasoline Taxes BY KDMUNI) IV LKAENKI), A. B., A, M. Instructor in Economics and Commerce The Unlvmity of Kansas PUBLISHED BY THE UNIVERSITY l... vast sums of money, Oregon was the first state to adopt a tax on gasoline to provide revenue for building and maintaining roads. Since this adoption in 1919, many states have passed laws provid ing for gasoline taxes until now forty-four states...

Learned, Edmund Philip

1925-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

117

Eliminating MTBE in Gasoline in 2006  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

02/22/2006 02/22/2006 Eliminating MTBE in Gasoline in 2006 Summary In 2005, a number of petroleum companies announced their intent to remove methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) from their gasoline in 2006. Companies' decisions to eliminate MTBE have been driven by State bans due to water contamination concerns, continuing liability exposure from adding MTBE to gasoline, and perceived potential for increased liability exposure due to the elimination of the oxygen content requirement for reformulated gasoline (RFG) included in the Energy Policy Act of 2005. EIA's informal discussions with a number of suppliers indicate that most of the industry is trying to move away from MTBE before the 2006 summer driving season. Currently, the largest use of MTBE is in RFG consumed on the East Coast outside of

118

U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Apr Apr '00 to May '00: +3.6% May '99 to May '00: +0.6% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -1.3% U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Apr '00 to M ay '00: +3.2% M ay '99 to M ay '00: +5.7% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -0.9% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Apr '00 to May '00: +0.8% May '99 to May '00: +4.0% YTD '99 to YTD '00: +3.9% U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 600 700 800 900 1,000 1,100 1,200 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Apr '00 to May '00: +0.4% May '99 to May '00: -1.6% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -17.5% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons

119

Motor Gasoline Sales Through Retail Outlets Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

41 2.773 1.894 2.319 - - 1984-2012 41 2.773 1.894 2.319 - - 1984-2012 East Coast (PADD 1) 2.305 2.782 1.879 2.300 - - 1984-2012 New England (PADD 1A) 2.368 2.822 1.960 2.377 - - 1984-2012 Connecticut 2.388 2.808 1.943 2.422 - - 1984-2012 Maine 2.384 2.846 1.984 2.360 - - 1984-2012 Massachusetts 2.367 2.822 1.970 2.360 - - 1984-2012 New Hampshire 2.348 2.818 1.945 2.376 - - 1984-2012 Rhode Island 2.294 2.730 1.896 2.328 - - 1984-2012 Vermont 2.421 2.929 1.990 2.422 - - 1984-2012 Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) 2.310 2.787 1.900 2.328 - - 1984-2012 Delaware 2.274 2.754 1.872 2.313 - - 1984-2012 District of Columbia W W NA 2.449 - - 1984-2012 Maryland 2.321 2.760 1.882 2.321 - - 1984-2012 New Jersey 2.320 2.824 1.924 2.352 - - 1984-2012

120

U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Nov Nov '00 to Dec '00: +1.3% Dec '99 to Dec '00: -5.0% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -1.7% U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500 Jan Feb Mar A pr May Jun Jul A ug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 A djusted Gro wth R ates* Nov '00 to Dec '00: +8.4% Dec '99 to Dec '00: +3.1% YTD '99 to YTD '00: +2.0% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 2,100 2,200 Jan Feb Mar A pr May Jun Jul A ug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adj usted Growth Rates* Nov '00 to Dec '00: -0.4% Dec '99 to Dec '00: -3.0% YTD '99 to YTD '00: +3.9% U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 600 700 800 900 1,000 1,100 1,200 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Nov '00 to Dec '00: +35.9% Dec '99 to Dec '00: +41.0% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -4.1% U.S. Propane Sales 600 900 1,200 1,500 1,800 2,100 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline includes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Jan Jan '01 to Feb '01: 5.1% Feb '00 to Feb '01: +0.9% YTD '00 to YTD '01: +3.8% U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 4,000 4,300 4,600 4,900 5,200 5,500 5,800 Jan Feb Mar A pr May Jun Jul A ug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1999 2000 2001 A djusted Gro wth R ates* Jan '01 to Feb '01: -6.4% Feb '00 to Feb '01: +4.3% YTD '00 to YTD '01: +11.5% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 2,100 2,200 Jan Feb Mar A pr May Jun Jul A ug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1999 2000 2001 Adj usted Growth Rates* Jan '01 to Feb '01: +0.5% Feb '00 to Feb '01: -1.3% YTD '00 to YTD '01: +0.4% U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 600 700 800 900 1,000 1,100 1,200 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Nov '00 to Dec '00: +35.9% Dec '99 to Dec '00: +41.0% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -4.1% U.S. Propane Sales 600 900 1,200 1,500 1,800 2,100 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions

122

U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

May May '01 to Jun '01: +2.5% Jun '00 to Jun '01: +1.1% YTD '00 to YTD '01: +2.0% U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 4,000 4,300 4,600 4,900 5,200 5,500 5,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1999 2000 2001 Adjusted Growth Rates* M ay '01 to Jun '01: -3.2% Jun '00 to Jun '01: -3.3% YTD '00 to YTD '01: +6.3% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 2,100 2,200 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1999 2000 2001 Adjusted Growth Rates* May '01 to Jun '01: +0.0% Jun '00 to Jun '01: -6.6% YTD '00 to YTD '01: -2.2% U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 600 700 800 900 1,000 1,100 1,200 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Nov '00 to Dec '00: +35.9% Dec '99 to Dec '00: +41.0% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -4.1% U.S. Propane Sales 600 900 1,200 1,500 1,800 2,100 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions

123

U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Mar Mar '01 to Apr '01: +1.9% Apr '00 to Apr '01: +3.0% YTD '00 to YTD '01: +2.8% U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 4,000 4,300 4,600 4,900 5,200 5,500 5,800 Jan Feb Mar A pr May Jun Jul A ug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1999 2000 2001 A djusted Gro wth R ates* Mar '01 to Apr '01: -5.4% Apr '00 to Apr '01: +9.5% YTD '00 to YTD '01: +10.2% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 2,100 2,200 Jan Feb Mar A pr May Jun Jul A ug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1999 2000 2001 Adj usted Growth Rates* Mar '01 to Apr '01: -2.4% Apr '00 to Apr '01: -4.7% YTD '00 to YTD '01: -1.4% U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 600 700 800 900 1,000 1,100 1,200 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Nov '00 to Dec '00: +35.9% Dec '99 to Dec '00: +41.0% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -4.1% U.S. Propane Sales 600 900 1,200 1,500 1,800 2,100 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions

124

Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History U.S. 376,636.4 362,968.6 362,798.5 365,247.6 354,951.9 347,234.5 1983-2012 East Coast (PADD 1) 134,534.8 128,463.4 129,135.1 128,893.5 125,252.4 119,021.3 1983-2012 New England (PADD 1A) 17,818.7 17,328.6 17,181.3 17,270.6 17,000.4 16,279.8 1983-2012 Connecticut 4,360.7 4,246.8 4,355.4 4,425.7 4,305.0 3,921.4 1983-2012 Maine 2,060.3 1,866.8 1,878.1 1,888.9 1,881.7 1,852.8 1983-2012 Massachusetts 7,598.2 7,425.7 7,022.2 6,997.2 6,993.4 6,821.5 1983-2012 New Hampshire 1,640.1 1,585.1 1,613.9 1,610.0 1,417.5 1,448.0 1983-2012 Rhode Island 1,286.3 1,401.8 1,380.8 1,417.8 1,514.9 1,340.0 1983-2012 Vermont 873.2 802.4 930.9 931.0 887.9 896.0 1983-2012 Central Atlantic (PADD 1B)

125

Motor Gasoline Sales to End Users Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History U.S. 2.338 2.772 1.893 2.316 - - 1984-2012 East Coast (PADD 1) 2.302 2.780 1.877 2.298 - - 1984-2012 New England (PADD 1A) 2.366 2.819 1.959 2.375 - - 1984-2012 Connecticut 2.381 2.804 1.944 2.415 - - 1984-2012 Maine 2.384 2.848 1.984 2.360 - - 1984-2012 Massachusetts 2.366 2.820 1.969 2.358 - - 1984-2012 New Hampshire 2.348 2.809 1.940 2.375 - - 1984-2012 Rhode Island 2.294 2.729 1.896 2.329 - - 1984-2012 Vermont 2.420 2.925 1.989 2.422 - - 1984-2012 Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) 2.308 2.791 1.900 2.324 - - 1984-2012 Delaware 2.272 2.755 1.874 2.312 - - 1984-2012 District of Columbia 2.280 2.808 NA 2.396 - - 1984-2012 Maryland 2.313 2.808 1.883 2.315 - - 1984-2012

126

U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

May May '00 to Jun '00: +0.9% Jun '99 to Jun '00: -2.1% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -1.4% U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* May '00 to Jun '00: +0.1% Jun '99 to Jun '00: -0.1% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -0.8% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 2,100 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* May '00 to Jun '00: +6.9% Jun '99 to Jun '00: +8.2% YTD '99 to YTD '00: +4.6% U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 600 700 800 900 1,000 1,100 1,200 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* May '00 to Jun '00: +12.2% Jun '99 to Jun '00: +5.1% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -14.7% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons

127

U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Feb Feb '00 to Mar '00: -0.6% Mar '99 to Mar '00: -3.0% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -2.2% U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Feb '00 to M ar '00: -4.7% M ar '99 to M ar '00: -9.2% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -2.6% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Feb '00 to Mar '00: +3.8% Mar '99 to Mar '00: +5.3% YTD '99 to YTD '00: +2.8% U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 600 700 800 900 1,000 1,100 1,200 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Feb '00 to Mar '00: -12.2% Mar '99 to Mar '00: -22.9% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -22.5% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of

128

U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Mar Mar '00 to Apr '00: +0.3% Apr '99 to Apr '00: -2.2% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -1.8% U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500 Jan Feb Mar A pr May Jun Jul A ug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 A djusted Gro wth R ates* Mar '00 to Apr '00: -5.8% Apr '99 to Apr '00: -1.9% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -2.4% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar A pr May Jun Jul A ug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adj usted Growth Rates* Mar '00 to Apr '00: +0.3% Apr '99 to Apr '00: +5.8% YTD '99 to YTD '00: +3.9% U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 600 700 800 900 1,000 1,100 1,200 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Mar '00 to Apr '00: -2.2% Apr '99 to Apr '00: -9.0% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -20.4% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons

129

U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Jun Jun '00 to Jul '00: -2.3% Jul '99 to Jul '00: -3.9% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -2.2% U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jun '00 to Jul '00: -8.2% Jul '99 to Jul '00: +0.2% YTD '99 to YTD '00: +1.7% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 2,100 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jun '00 to Jul '00: -1.1% Jul '99 to Jul '00: +5.0% YTD '99 to YTD '00: +5.2% U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 600 700 800 900 1,000 1,100 1,200 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jun '00 to Jul '00: +5.9% Jul '99 to Jul '00: +1.9% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -13.5% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons

130

Stocks of Motor Gasoline Blending Components  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

187,013 192,571 196,254 197,510 206,627 210,238 1983-2015 PADD 1 46,448 47,840 50,373 50,816 56,416 58,286 2004-2015 PADD 2 38,944 40,652 41,331 43,698 45,607 47,017 2004-2015 PADD...

131

U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Aug Aug '00 to Sep '00: -4.5% Sep '99 to Sep '00: -1.0% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -1.6% U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500 Jan Feb Mar A pr May Jun Jul A ug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 A djusted Gro wth R ates* Aug '00 to Sep '00: -3.0% Sep '99 to Sep'00: +1.6% YTD '99 to YTD '00: +2.4% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 2,100 2,200 Jan Feb Mar A pr May Jun Jul A ug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adj usted Growth Rates* Aug '00 to Sep '00: -0.1% Sep '99 to Sep '00: +7.4% YTD '99 to YTD '00: +5.4% U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 600 700 800 900 1,000 1,100 1,200 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Aug '00 to Sep '00: -0.6% Sep '99 to Sep '00: +0.8% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -10.7% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions

132

U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Jan Jan '00 to Feb '00: +11.1% Feb '99 to Feb '00: -0.5% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -1.8% U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jan '00 to Feb '00: +6.7% Feb '99 to Feb '00: +2.5% YTD '99 to YTD '00: +1.3% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jan '00 to Feb '00: +5.5% Feb '99 to Feb '00: +0.8% YTD '99 to YTD '00: +2.2% U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 600 700 800 900 1,000 1,100 1,200 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jan '00 to Feb '00: +4.6% Feb '99 to Feb '00: -19.3% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -21.7% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of

133

U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Oct Oct '00 to Nov '00: -0.4% Nov '99 to Nov '00: -0.5% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -1.4% U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500 Jan Feb Mar A pr May Jun Jul A ug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 A djusted Gro wth R ates* Oct '00 to Nov '00: -1.3% Nov '99 to Nov '00: -0.7% YTD '99 to YTD '00: +2.0% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 2,100 2,200 Jan Feb Mar A pr May Jun Jul A ug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adj usted Growth Rates* Oct '00 to Nov '00: +1.5% Nov '99 to Nov '00: +0.6% YTD '99 to YTD '00: +4.6% U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 600 700 800 900 1,000 1,100 1,200 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Oct '00 to Nov '00: -7.8% Nov '99 to Nov '00: +1.3% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -7.8% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions

134

Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

351,699.1 357,563.7 359,454.4 355,964.6 360,621.2 344,753.3 351,699.1 357,563.7 359,454.4 355,964.6 360,621.2 344,753.3 1983-2013 East Coast (PADD 1) 119,156.1 119,239.6 119,547.5 117,708.0 119,558.2 116,411.8 1983-2013 New England (PADD 1A) 16,290.9 16,389.7 16,865.8 17,252.5 17,023.4 15,696.1 1983-2013 Connecticut 3,962.5 3,969.5 4,012.0 3,982.9 4,034.9 3,938.4 1983-2013 Maine 1,996.1 2,019.3 2,115.5 2,325.4 2,352.0 1,993.8 1983-2013 Massachusetts 6,548.1 6,503.0 6,738.6 6,583.4 6,362.9 5,878.6 1983-2013 New Hampshire 1,640.7 1,674.8 1,710.0 1,881.9 1,811.8 1,630.1 1983-2013 Rhode Island 1,251.2 1,324.8 1,380.6 1,455.4 1,427.8 1,331.8 1983-2013 Vermont 892.2 898.4 909.2 1,023.5 1,034.1 923.4 1983-2013 Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) 41,665.6 41,737.2 42,371.2 42,040.6 42,068.1 41,170.2 1983-2013

135

Motor Gasoline Sales to End Users Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

83-2013 83-2013 East Coast (PADD 1) - - - - - - 1983-2013 New England (PADD 1A) - - - - - - 1983-2013 Connecticut - - - - - - 1983-2013 Maine - - - - - - 1983-2013 Massachusetts - - - - - - 1983-2013 New Hampshire - - - - - - 1983-2013 Rhode Island - - - - - - 1983-2013 Vermont - - - - - - 1983-2013 Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) - - - - - - 1983-2013 Delaware - - - - - - 1983-2013 District of Columbia - - - - - - 1983-2013 Maryland - - - - - - 1983-2013 New Jersey - - - - - - 1983-2013 New York - - - - - - 1983-2013 Pennsylvania - - - - - - 1983-2013 Lower Atlantic (PADD 1C) - - - - - - 1983-2013 Florida - - - - - - 1983-2013 Georgia - - - - - - 1983-2013 North Carolina - - - - - - 1983-2013

136

U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Jul Jul '00 to Aug '00: +2.0% Aug '99 to Aug '00: +0.6% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -1.6% U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jul '00 to Aug '00: +12.2% Aug '99 to Aug '00: +8.2% YTD '99 to YTD '00: +2.5% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 2,100 2,200 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jul '00 to Aug '00: -1.9% Aug '99 to Aug '00: +4.5% YTD '99 to YTD '00: +5.3% U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 600 700 800 900 1,000 1,100 1,200 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jul '00 to Aug '00: -4.1% Aug '99 to Aug '00: +0.0% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -11.8% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions

137

U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Apr Apr '01 to May '01: +0.6% May '00 to May '01: -0.1% YTD '00 to YTD '01: +2.2% U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 4,000 4,300 4,600 4,900 5,200 5,500 5,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1999 2000 2001 Adjusted Growth Rates* Apr '01 to M ay '01: -4.6% M ay '00 to M ay '01: +1.0% YTD '00 to YTD '01: +8.3% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 2,100 2,200 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1999 2000 2001 Adjusted Growth Rates* Apr '01 to May '01: +5.6% May '00 to May '01: -0.2% YTD '00 to YTD '01: -1.1% U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 600 700 800 900 1,000 1,100 1,200 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Nov '00 to Dec '00: +35.9% Dec '99 to Dec '00: +41.0% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -4.1% U.S. Propane Sales 600 900 1,200 1,500 1,800 2,100 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions

138

U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Dec Dec '00 to Jan '01: -6.9% Jan '00 to Jan '01: +7.6% YTD '00 to YTD '01: +7.6% U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 4,000 4,300 4,600 4,900 5,200 5,500 5,800 Jan Feb Mar A pr May Jun Jul A ug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1999 2000 2001 A djusted Gro wth R ates* Dec '00 to Jan '01: +7.1% Jan '00 to Jan '01: +19.5% YTD '00 to YTD '01: +19.5% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 2,100 2,200 Jan Feb Mar A pr May Jun Jul A ug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1999 2000 2001 Adj usted Growth Rates* Dec '00 to Jan '01: -3.3% Jan '00 to Jan '01: +2.4% YTD '00 to YTD '01: +2.4% U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 600 700 800 900 1,000 1,100 1,200 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Nov '00 to Dec '00: +35.9% Dec '99 to Dec '00: +41.0% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -4.1% U.S. Propane Sales 600 900 1,200 1,500 1,800 2,100 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions

139

Diesel vs Gasoline Production | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

vs Gasoline Production Diesel vs Gasoline Production A look at refinery decisions that decide "swing" between diesel and gasoline production deer08leister.pdf More Documents &...

140

Hydrogen-free domestic technologies for conversion of low-octane gasoline distillates on zeolite catalysts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This review is devoted to the problem of the Russian domestic manufacture of high-quality motor fuels using hydrogen-free catalytic conversion of straight-run gasoline on zeolites with a high content of...

L. M. Velichkina

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline includes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Regional Retail Gasoline Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 Notes: Retail gasoline prices, like those for distillate fuels, have hit record prices nationally and in several regions this year. The national average regular gasoline price peaked at $1.68 per gallon in mid-June, but quickly declined, and now stands at $1.45, 17 cents higher than a year ago. Two regions, in particular, experienced sharp gasoline price runups this year. California, which often has some of the highest prices in the nation, saw prices peak near $1.85 in mid-September, while the Midwest had average prices over $1.87 in mid-June. Local prices at some stations in both areas hit levels well over $2.00 per gallon. The reasons for the regional price runups differed significantly. In the Midwest, the introduction of Phase 2 RFG was hampered by low stocks,

142

El Paso Gasoline Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 Notes: Good morning. I’m glad to be here in El Paso to share some of my agency’s insights on crude oil and gasoline prices. I represent the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. My division has the responsibility to monitor petroleum supplies and prices in the United States. As part of that work, we operate a number of surveys on a weekly, monthly, and annual basis. One of these is a weekly survey of retail gasoline prices at about 800 stations nationwide. This survey in particular allows us to observe the differences between local gasoline markets in the United States. While we track relatively few stations in the El Paso area, we have compared our price data with that collected by the El Paso City-County Health and Environmental District and

143

Is the gasoline tax regressive?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Claims of the regressivity of gasoline taxes typically rely on annual surveys of consumer income and expenditures which show that gasoline expenditures are a larger fraction of income for very low income households than ...

Poterba, James M.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Gasoline Jet Fuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

C4n= Diesel Gasoline Jet Fuels C O C5: Xylose C6 Fermentation of sugars Biofuel "Nanobowls" are inorganic catalysts that could provide the selectivity for converting sugars to fuels IACT Proposes Synthetic, Inorganic Catalysts to Produce Biofuels Current Process

Kemner, Ken

145

Gasoline demand in developing Asian countries  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents econometric estimates of motor gasoline demand in eleven developing countries of Asia. The price and GDP per capita elasticities are estimated for each country separately, and for several pooled combinations of the countries. The estimated elasticities for the Asian countries are compared with those of the OECD countries. Generally, one finds that the OECD countries have GDP elasticities that are smaller, and price elasticities that are larger (in absolute value). The price elasticities for the low-income Asian countries are more inelastic than for the middle-income Asian countries, and the GDP elasticities are generally more elastic. 13 refs., 6 tabs.

McRae, R. [Univ. of Calgary, Alberta (Canada)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

146

Fuel excise taxes and consumer gasoline demand: comparing average retail price effects and gasoline tax effects .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Interest in using gasoline taxes as a gasoline consumption reduction policy has increased. This study asks three questions to help determine how consumer gasoline consumption (more)

Sauer, William

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Gasoline Price Differences Caused by:  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 Notes: While my agency cannot be expert in every local gasoline market in the United States, we are familiar with a number of factors that can account for significant differences in prices between markets: Proximity of supply - distance from the refineries supplying the local market. Additionally, the proximity of those refineries to crude oil supplies can be a factor, as well as shipping logistics, including pipeline or waterborne, from refinery to market. Cost of supply - including crude oil, refinery operating, and transportation costs. Supply/demand balance - some regions are typically in excess or short supply, while others may vary seasonally, or when supply interruptions (such as refinery shutdowns) occur. Competitive environment - including the number of suppliers, and the

148

Overview of sSupply of Chicago/Milwaukee Gasoline This Spring:  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Supply of Chicago/Milwaukee Gasoline Spring 20001 Supply of Chicago/Milwaukee Gasoline Spring 20001 Joanne Shore, Petroleum Division Tight Supply at the Beginning of Summer Gasoline Season This summer's run-up in Midwest gasoline prices, like other recent price spikes, stemmed from a number of factors. The stage was set for gasoline volatility as a result of tight crude oil supplies, which led to low crude oil and low product stocks and relatively high crude oil prices. With little stock cushion to absorb unexpected events, Midwest gasoline prices surged when a number of supply problems developed, including pipeline and refinery supply problems, and an unexpectedly difficult transition to summer-grade Phase II reformulated gasoline (RFG). Prior to the current summer driving season, gasoline stocks were low

149

DOE Gasoline Price Watch Website and Hotline | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Gasoline Price Watch Website and Hotline Gasoline Price Watch Website and Hotline DOE Gasoline Price Watch Website and Hotline April 20, 2006 - 12:26pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today is reminding consumers about the Department of Energy's (DOE) gasoline price reporting system. Consumers can report activity at local gasoline filling stations that they believe may constitute "gouging" or "price fixing" by visiting gaswatch.energy.gov/. "There are many legitimate factors influencing the price consumers are paying at the pump, including growing demand, the high price of crude oil, the lingering effects of last summer's hurricanes on our refining sector and the regular transition of fuel blends as we head into the summer," said Secretary Bodman. "And while the majority of local merchants are fair and

150

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Methodology For Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Pump Components Methodology For Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Pump Components The components for the gasoline and diesel fuel pumps are calculated in the following manner in cents per gallon and then converted into a percentage: Crude Oil - the monthly average of the composite refiner acquisition cost, which is the average price of crude oil purchased by refiners. Refining Costs & Profits - the difference between the monthly average of the spot price of gasoline or diesel fuel (used as a proxy for the value of gasoline or diesel fuel as it exits the refinery) and the average price of crude oil purchased by refiners (the crude oil component). Distribution & Marketing Costs & Profits - the difference between the average retail price of gasoline or diesel fuel as computed from EIA's

151

Gasoline Price Pass-through  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Gasoline Price Pass-through Gasoline Price Pass-through January 2003 by Michael Burdette and John Zyren* The single most visible energy statistic to American consumers is the retail price of gasoline. While the average consumer probably has a general notion that gasoline prices are related to those for crude oil, he or she likely has little idea that gasoline, like most other goods, is priced at many different levels in the marketing chain, and that changes ripple through the system as prices rise and fall. When substantial price changes occur, especially upward, there are often allegations of impropriety, even price gouging, on the part of petroleum refiners and/or marketers. In order to understand the movement of gasoline prices over time, it is necessary to examine the relationship between prices at retail and various wholesale levels.

152

Gas Mileage of 1993 Vehicles by J.K. Motors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 J.K. Motors Vehicles 3 J.K. Motors Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1993 J.K. Motors 190E 2.3 MERC BENZ 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1993 J.K. Motors 190E 2.3 MERC BENZ 16 City 17 Combined 18 Highway 1993 J.K. Motors 230E MERC BENZ 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1993 J.K. Motors 230E MERC BENZ 16 City 17 Combined 18 Highway 1993 J.K. Motors 300SL 6 cyl, 3.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1993 J.K. Motors 300SL 14 City 15 Combined 16 Highway 1993 J.K. Motors BMW535I 6 cyl, 3.4 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1993 J.K. Motors BMW535I 12 City 14 Combined 18 Highway 1993 J.K. Motors BMW635CSI 6 cyl, 3.4 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1993 J.K. Motors BMW635CSI 12 City 14 Combined 18

153

Gasoline Ultra Fuel Efficient Vehicle  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Principal Investigator 13MY11 2011 DOE Vehicle Technologies Review Gasoline Ultra Fuel Efficient Vehicle ACE064 "This presentation does not contain any proprietary,...

154

Gasoline: An adaptable implementation of TreeSPH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The key algorithms and features of the Gasoline code for parallel hydrodynamics with self-gravity are described. Gasoline is an extension of the efficient Pkdgrav parallel N-body code using smoothed particle hydrodynamics. Accuracy measurements, performance analysis and tests of the code are presented. Recent successful Gasoline applications are summarized. These cover a diverse set of areas in astrophysics including galaxy clusters, galaxy formation and gas-giant planets. Future directions for gasdynamical simulations in astrophysics and code development strategies for tackling cutting edge problems are discussed.

Wadsley, J; Quinn, T; Wadsley, James; Stadel, Joachim; Quinn, Thomas

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Gasoline: An adaptable implementation of TreeSPH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The key algorithms and features of the Gasoline code for parallel hydrodynamics with self-gravity are described. Gasoline is an extension of the efficient Pkdgrav parallel N-body code using smoothed particle hydrodynamics. Accuracy measurements, performance analysis and tests of the code are presented. Recent successful Gasoline applications are summarized. These cover a diverse set of areas in astrophysics including galaxy clusters, galaxy formation and gas-giant planets. Future directions for gasdynamical simulations in astrophysics and code development strategies for tackling cutting edge problems are discussed.

James Wadsley; Joachim Stadel; Thomas Quinn

2003-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

156

System and method for motor parameter estimation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and method for determining unknown values of certain motor parameters includes a motor input device connectable to an electric motor having associated therewith values for known motor parameters and an unknown value of at least one motor parameter. The motor input device includes a processing unit that receives a first input from the electric motor comprising values for the known motor parameters for the electric motor and receive a second input comprising motor data on a plurality of reference motors, including values for motor parameters corresponding to the known motor parameters of the electric motor and values for motor parameters corresponding to the at least one unknown motor parameter value of the electric motor. The processor determines the unknown value of the at least one motor parameter from the first input and the second input and determines a motor management strategy for the electric motor based thereon.

Luhrs, Bin; Yan, Ting

2014-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

157

California Gasoline Price Study  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

DIRECTOR, PETROLEUM DIVISION DIRECTOR, PETROLEUM DIVISION ENERGY INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY BEFORE THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND RESOURCES COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT REFORM U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES MAY 9, 2005 Mr. Chairman, I appreciate this opportunity to testify today on the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) insights into factors affecting recent gasoline prices. EIA is the statutorily chartered statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. We are charged with providing objective, timely, and relevant data, analysis, and projections for the use of the Department of Energy, other Government agencies, the U.S. Congress, and the public. We produce data and analysis reports that are meant to assist policy makers in determining energy policy. Because we have an element of

158

U.S. average gasoline and diesel fuel prices expected to be slightly lower in 2013 than in 2012  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

average gasoline and diesel fuel prices expected to be average gasoline and diesel fuel prices expected to be slightly lower in 2013 than in 2012 Despite the recent run-up in gasoline prices, the U.S. Energy Information Administration expects falling crude oil prices will lead to a small decline in average motor fuel costs this year compared with last year. The price for regular gasoline is expected to average $3.55 a gallon in 2013 and $3.39 next year, according to EIA's new Short-Term Energy Outlook. That's down from $3.63 a gallon in 2012. For the short-term, however, pump prices are expected to peak at $3.73 per gallon in May because of higher seasonal fuel demand and refiners switching their production to make cleaner burning gasoline for the summer. Diesel fuel will continue to cost more than gasoline because of strong global demand for diesel.

159

Gasoline Prices Also Influenced by Regional Gasoline Product Markets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 Notes: Next we examine the wholesale market's added contribution to gasoline price variation and analyze the factors that impact the gasoline balance. There are two points to take away from this chart: The U.S. market moves with the world market, as can be seen with the high inventories in 1998, being drawn down to low levels during 1999. Crude and product markets are not independent. Crude oil and product markets move together fairly closely, with some lead/lag effects during transitions. The relationship between international crude oil markets and domestic product markets raises another issue. A subtle, but very important point, lost in recent discussions of gasoline price increases: The statement has been made that crude markets are not a factor in this past spring's high gasoline prices, since crude prices were

160

Detailed Kinetic Modeling of Gasoline Surrogate Mixtures  

SciTech Connect

Real fuels are complex mixtures of thousands of hydrocarbon compounds including linear and branched paraffins, naphthenes, olefins and aromatics. It is generally agreed that their behavior can be effectively reproduced by simpler fuel surrogates containing a limited number of components. In this work, a recently revised version of the kinetic model by the authors is used to analyze the combustion behavior of several components relevant to gasoline surrogate formulation. Particular attention is devoted to linear and branched saturated hydrocarbons (PRF mixtures), olefins (1-hexene) and aromatics (toluene). Model predictions for pure components, binary mixtures and multi-component gasoline surrogates are compared with recent experimental information collected in rapid compression machine, shock tube and jet stirred reactors covering a wide range of conditions pertinent to internal combustion engines. Simulation results are discussed focusing attention on the mixing effects of the fuel components.

Mehl, M; Curran, H J; Pitz, W J; Westbrook, C K

2009-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline includes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Gasoline Prices at Historical Lows  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 Notes: Before looking at El Paso gasoline prices, let’s take a minute to look at the U.S. average price for context. Gasoline prices this year, adjusted for inflation, are the lowest ever. Back in March, before prices began to rise ahead of the traditional high-demand season, the U.S. average retail price fell to $1.00 per gallon. Prices rose an average of 7.5 cents, less than the typical seasonal runup, to peak in early June. Since then, prices have fallen back to $1.013. Given recent declines in crude oil and wholesale gasoline prices, we expect retail prices to continue to ease over at least the next few weeks. Since their sharp runup during the energy crises of the 1970’s, gasoline prices have actually been non-inflationary. Adjusting the historical prices by the Consumer Price Index, we can see that today’s

162

Gasoline Price Pass-through  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

differences, whereas stationary series can be estimated in level form. The unit root test could not reject the hypothesis that the retail and spot gasoline price series have a...

163

Fractionation of reformate: A new variant of gasoline production technology  

SciTech Connect

The Novo-Ufa Petroleum Refinery is the largest domestic producer of the unique high-octane unleaded automotive gasolines AI-93 and AI-95 and the aviation gasolines B-91/115 and B-92. The base component for these gasolines is obtained by catalytic reforming of wide-cut naphtha; this basic component is usually blended with certain other components that are expensive and in short supply: toluene, xylenes, and alkylate. For example, the unleaded gasoline AI-93 has been prepared by blending reformate, alkylate, and toluene in a 65:20:15 weight ratio; AI-95 gasoline by blending alkylate and xylenes in an 80:20 weight ratio; and B-91/115 gasoline by compounding a reformate obtained with light straight-run feed, plus alkylate and toluene, in a 55:35:10 weight ratio. Toluene and xylenes have been obtained by process schemes that include the following consecutive processes: redistillation of straight-run naphtha cuts to segregate the required narrow fraction; catalytic reforming (Platforming) of the narrow toluene-xylene straight-run fraction; azeotropic distillation of the reformate to recover toluene and xylenes. A new technology based on the use of reformate fractions is proposed.

Karakuts, V.N.; Tanatarov, M.A.; Telyashev, G.G. [and others

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Refiner Prices of Gasoline, All Grades - Sales to End Users  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Product/ Sales Type: Gasoline, All Grades - Sales to End Users (U.S. only) Gasoline, All Grades - Through Retail Outlets Gasoline, All Grades - Other End Users Gasoline, All Grades - Sales for Resale Gasoline, All Grades - DTW (U.S. only) Gasoline, All Grades - Rack (U.S. only) Gasoline, All Grades - Bulk (U.S. only) Regular Gasoline - Sales to End Users (U.S. only) Regular Gasoline - Through Retail Outlets Regular Gasoline - Other End Users Regular Gasoline - Sales for Resale Regular Gasoline - DTW (U.S. only) Regular Gasoline - Rack (U.S. only) Regular Gasoline - Bulk (U.S. only) Midgrade Gasoline - Sales to End Users (U.S. only) Midgrade Gasoline - Through Retail Outlets Midgrade Gasoline - Other End Users Midgrade Gasoline - Sales for Resale Midgrade Gasoline - DTW (U.S. only) Midgrade Gasoline - Rack (U.S. only) Midgrade Gasoline - Bulk (U.S. only) Premium - Sales to End Users (U.S. only) Premium Gasoline - Through Retail Outlets Premium Gasoline - Other End Users Premium Gasoline - Sales for Resale Premium Gasoline - DTW (U.S. only) Premium Gasoline - Rack (U.S. only) Premium Gasoline - Bulk (U.S. only) Period: Monthly Annual

165

Comparing air quality impacts of hydrogen and gasoline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from among existing gasoline station locations in Sacra-VOC emitted at gasoline service stations, because these arethe gasoline terminal storage and refueling stations, it is

Sperling, Dan; Wang, Guihua; Ogden, Joan M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Path to High Efficiency Gasoline Engine | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Path to High Efficiency Gasoline Engine Path to High Efficiency Gasoline Engine Path to High Efficiency Gasoline Engine deer10johansson.pdf More Documents & Publications Partially...

167

The Performance of Gasoline Fuels and Surrogates in Gasoline HCCI Combustion  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Almost 2 dozen gasoline fuels, blending components, and surrogates were evaluated in a single-cylinder HCCI gasoline engine for combustion, emissions, and efficiency performance.

168

Conversion of methanol to gasoline commercial plant study. Coal to gasoline via methanol  

SciTech Connect

Under the joint sponsorship of the German Federal Minister of Research and Technology (BMFT) and the US Department of Energy (DOE), a research program was initiated concerning the ''Conversion of Methanol to Gasoline (MTG), Engineering, Construction and Operation of a Demonstration Plant''. The purpose of the 100 BPD demonstration plant was to demonstrate the feasibility of and to obtain data required for scale-up of the fluid-bed MTG process to a commercial size plant. As per requirements of Annex 3 of the Governmental Agreement, this study, in addition to the MTG plant, also includes the facilities for the production of methanol. The feedstock basis for the production of methanol shall be coal. Hence this study deals with the production of gasoline from coal (CTG-Coal to Gasoline). The basic objective of this study is to assess the technical feasibility of the conversion of methanol to gasoline in a fluid-bed system and to evaluate the process economies i.e., to evlauate the price of the product in relation to the price of the feedstock and plant capacity. In connection with technical feasibility, the scale up criteria were developed from the results obtained and experience gathered over an operational period of 8600 hours of the ''100 BPD Demonstration Plant''. The scale up philosophy is detailed in chapter 4. The conditions selected for the design of the MTG unit are detailed in chapter 5. The scope of the study covers the production of gasoline from coal, in which MTG section is dealt with in detail (refer to chapter 5). Information on other plant sections in this study are limited to that sufficient to: generate overall mass balance; generate rate of by-products and effluents; incorporate heat integration; generate consumption figures; and establish plant investment cost.

Thiagarajan, N.; Nitschke, E.

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Application of positive matrix factorization to on-road measurements for source apportionment of diesel- and gasoline-powered vehicle emissions in Mexico City  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The goal of this research is to quantify diesel- and gasoline-powered motor vehicle emissions within the Mexico City Metropolitan Area (MCMA) using on-road measurements captured by a mobile laboratory combined with positive ...

Thornhill, D. A.

170

On-Road Motor Vehicle Emissions including Ammonia, Sulfur Dioxide and Nitrogen Dioxide Don Stedman, Gary Bishop, Allison Peddle, University of Denver Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry Denver CO 80208. www.feat.biochem.du.edu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On-Road Motor Vehicle Emissions including Ammonia, Sulfur Dioxide and Nitrogen Dioxide Don Stedman Nitrogen dioxide: Less than 5% of the NOx BUT with an outstanding peak for the 2007 MY in Fresno 0. Nitrogen dioxide: less than 5% of NOx except the Fresno fleet containing the 2007 Sprinter ambulances. #12;

Denver, University of

171

Gasoline Prices Vary Among Locations  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Notes: The public is probably more knowledgeable about what they pay for gasoline than about anything else they use regularly. Most Americans are bombarded several times a day with the price of gasoline. Many people who phone our office don't only want to know why prices have risen, but why their prices are different than prices in some other area - the gasoline station two blocks away, the average price quoted on the news, the price their uncle is paying in a different region of the country. This chart shows some of the different state averages for a specific month. Besides taxes, these differences are due to factors such as distance from refining sources, and mix of reformulated versus conventional fuels. What this snapshot does not show,is that all of these prices can

172

STEO January 2013 - average gasoline prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

gasoline prices are expected to decline over the next two years. The average pump price for regular unleaded gasoline was 3.63 a gallon during 2012. That is expected to fall...

173

Household gasoline demand in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Continuing rapid growth in U.S. gasoline consumption threatens to exacerbate environmental and congestion problems. We use flexible semiparametric and nonparametric methods to guide analysis of household gasoline consumption, ...

Schmalensee, Richard

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Advanced Gasoline...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Advanced Gasoline Turbocharged Direct Injection (GTDI) Engine Development Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Advanced Gasoline Turbocharged Direct Injection (GTDI)...

175

What Drives U.S. Gasoline Prices?  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

weekly gasoline spot price 2011-14 ... 15 Table 3. Dickey-Fuller test and autocorrelogram results ......

176

The chemical origin of octane sensitivity in gasoline fuels containing nitroalkanes  

SciTech Connect

Experimental octane measurements are presented for a standard gasoline to which has been added various quantities of nitromethane, nitroethane and 1-nitropropane. The addition of nitroalkanes was found to suppress the Motor Octane Number to a much greater extent than the Research Octane Number. In other words addition of nitroalkanes increases the octane sensitivity of gasoline. Density Functional Theory was used to model the equilibrium thermodynamics and the barrier heights for reactions leading to the break-up of nitroethane. These results were used to develop a chemical kinetic scheme for nitroalkanes combined with a surrogate gasoline (for which a mechanism has been developed previously). Finally the chemical kinetic simulations were combined with a quasi-dimensional engine model in order to predict autoignition in octane rating tests. Our results suggest that the chemical origin of octane sensitivity in gasoline/nitroalkane blends cannot be fully explained on the conventional basis of the extent to which NTC behaviour is absent. Instead we have shown that the contribution of the two pathways leading to autoignition in gasoline containing nitroalkanes becomes much more significant under the more severe conditions of the Motor Octane method than the Research Octane method. (author)

Cracknell, R.F.; McAllister, L.J.; Norton, M.; Walmsley, H.L. [Shell Global Solutions, Shell Technology Centre Thornton, P.O. Box 1, Chester CH1 3SH (United Kingdom); Andrae, J.C.G. [Shell Global Solutions, Shell Technology Centre Thornton, P.O. Box 1, Chester CH1 3SH (United Kingdom); Dept. of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), SE-100 44 Stockholm (Sweden)

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

177

Motors Motor controllers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aluminium frame Motors Motor controllers Ultrasonic multi-channel acquisition PC Tank Tank 400 600 800 1000 0 50 2 4 6 8 x 10 -3 r/r 0 Range (mm) Depth(mm) 25 /t Tand / or #12;Shallow water

178

Designing Alternatives to State Motor Fuel Taxes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Designing Alternatives to State Motor Fuel Taxes All states rely on gasoline taxes as one source efficiency and alternative fuel vehicles reduce both the equity of the revenue source and its growth over, leading to higher fuel efficiency, wide variations in fuel efficiency, and alternative- fuel vehicles

Bertini, Robert L.

179

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Gasoline Gallon Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition

180

Areas Participating in the Reformulated Gasoline Program  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reformulated Gasoline Program Reformulated Gasoline Program Contents * Introduction * Mandated RFG Program Areas o Table 1. Mandated RFG Program Areas * RFG Program Opt-In Areas o Table 2. RFG Program Opt-In Areas * RFG Program Opt-Out Procedures and Areas o Table 3. History of EPA Rulemaking on Opt-Out Procedures o Table 4. RFG Program Opt-Out Areas * State Programs o Table 5. State Reformulated Gasoline Programs * Endnotes Spreadsheets Referenced in this Article * Reformulated Gasoline Control Area Populations Related EIA Short-Term Forecast Analysis Products * Demand and Price Outlook for Phase 2 Reformulated Gasoline, 2000 * Environmental Regulations and Changes in Petroleum Refining Operations * Areas Participating in Oxygenated Gasoline Program

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline includes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

84.5 84.5 84.3 77.3 74.4 72.2 75.5 93.4 93.0 82.9 78.3 W 81.7 February ............................. 84.3 84.0 77.5 71.6 71.6 74.6 93.3 92.9 83.1 75.4 81.2 81.0 March .................................. 82.7 82.5 77.8 70.5 71.8 74.1 91.7 91.3 83.3 74.2 W 80.7 April .................................... 82.8 82.6 79.3 68.6 68.2 73.7 91.9 91.5 84.4 72.5 W 80.9 May ..................................... 82.3 81.6 77.5 68.2 63.8 71.9 91.5 90.8 83.2 72.3 W 79.9 June .................................... 80.3 79.4 75.0 63.9 58.9 68.5 89.9 89.0 80.9 68.7 W 77.2 July ..................................... 78.8 78.0 73.0 64.8 59.0 67.9 88.3 87.5 79.0 69.2 W 75.8 August ................................ 85.0 84.5 80.6 74.0 70.7 76.5 94.5 93.9 86.5 78.3 W 83.9 September .......................... 88.1 87.2 83.6 71.9 71.2 77.2 97.6 96.7 89.4 75.8 W

182

Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

73.0 73.0 72.5 68.2 57.5 55.3 62.2 82.0 81.4 74.0 61.5 W 70.2 February ............................. 67.2 66.8 62.0 54.9 53.1 57.9 76.8 76.4 67.7 58.9 W 65.0 March .................................. 62.7 62.4 57.3 52.2 49.7 54.3 72.2 71.9 63.2 56.0 W 61.0 April .................................... 65.2 65.0 59.8 55.6 53.9 57.3 74.1 73.9 65.6 59.7 W 63.8 May ..................................... 69.7 69.3 65.1 58.0 53.8 60.7 78.8 78.4 70.9 62.1 W 68.2 June .................................... 68.6 68.0 63.7 54.5 48.4 57.8 77.8 77.3 69.8 58.9 W 66.3 July ..................................... 66.9 66.4 61.6 51.8 47.6 55.5 76.6 76.1 68.0 56.2 W 64.1 August ................................ 65.0 64.4 59.4 48.1 45.2 52.8 75.1 74.5 65.7 52.4 W 61.4 September .......................... 63.4 63.0 58.4 49.1 46.1 52.8 73.4 73.0 64.6 53.1 W

183

Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

91.0 91.0 91.0 80.1 77.2 - 78.5 100.2 100.0 84.9 80.2 - 82.6 February ............................. 93.1 92.9 83.8 77.7 - 80.4 101.1 100.8 88.1 80.2 - 84.1 March .................................. 91.7 91.5 85.2 75.1 - 79.8 96.8 96.8 90.1 NA - 84.4 April .................................... 88.3 88.1 79.3 69.6 - NA 94.0 93.9 83.7 70.7 - NA May ..................................... 89.4 89.3 81.7 75.8 - 78.1 95.8 95.7 88.0 76.9 - 81.6 June .................................... 88.5 88.4 79.4 71.7 - 74.6 95.5 95.5 84.5 72.9 - 77.2 July ..................................... 86.2 86.1 75.4 71.2 - 72.8 93.0 93.0 81.2 72.8 - 75.9 August ................................ 89.3 89.2 79.6 77.7 - 78.4 96.6 96.5 85.0 79.2 - 81.3 September .......................... 91.3 91.0 84.4 74.8 - 78.3 97.9 97.7 88.2 77.7 - 81.5 October

184

Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

59.5 59.5 58.9 54.4 42.1 37.1 46.8 70.2 69.7 61.7 46.4 - 56.9 February ............................. 57.3 56.7 52.7 40.6 39.2 45.9 68.2 67.7 60.2 44.8 W 55.3 March .................................. 64.5 64.4 60.1 52.3 48.6 55.3 74.2 73.8 67.6 55.6 W 63.8 April .................................... 82.3 81.6 79.9 62.3 57.2 69.6 92.4 91.6 84.9 65.4 W 78.7 May ..................................... 79.8 78.9 76.3 59.2 54.0 66.0 90.6 89.9 82.9 63.9 W 76.6 June .................................... 74.7 74.6 71.0 61.1 58.0 64.9 85.2 84.8 77.6 64.9 W 73.4 July ..................................... 79.4 79.3 75.9 69.7 66.3 71.9 89.3 88.9 81.9 72.6 NA 78.7 August ................................ 86.5 86.0 82.9 73.3 73.5 77.7 96.4 95.7 88.9 76.6 W 84.8 September .......................... 86.9 86.3 82.0 73.5 70.5 76.9 96.3 95.6 88.7 77.5 W

185

Motor Gasoline Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Sales Volumes  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

28,179.6 24,384.0 24,143.9 23,567.1 24,120.5 23,282.9 1983-2013 28,179.6 24,384.0 24,143.9 23,567.1 24,120.5 23,282.9 1983-2013 East Coast (PADD 1) 7,388.3 7,633.2 7,424.0 7,266.3 7,278.4 6,996.8 1993-2013 New England (PADD 1A) W W W W W W 1993-2013 Connecticut W W W W W W 1993-2013 Maine - - - - - - 1993-2013 Massachusetts W W W W W W 1993-2013 New Hampshire W W W W W W 1993-2013 Rhode Island W W W W W W 1993-2013 Vermont - - - - - - 1993-2013 Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) 4,037.6 4,235.4 4,284.8 4,251.9 4,152.3 3,982.5 1993-2013 Delaware W W W W W W 1993-2013 District of Columbia W W W - W W 1993-2013 Maryland W W W W W W 1993-2013 New Jersey W W W W W W 1993-2013 New York 2,402.7 2,514.6 2,563.6 2,537.4 2,464.5 2,368.9 1993-2013 Pennsylvania W W 762.9 773.0 767.2 732.1 1993-2013

186

Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

83.6 83.6 83.3 77.1 71.3 66.2 71.8 91.6 91.1 82.2 75.5 - 78.4 February ............................. 82.1 81.8 74.8 68.6 64.3 69.3 90.3 89.8 80.0 72.5 - 75.7 March .................................. 79.9 79.7 72.6 66.3 62.6 67.2 88.1 87.8 78.3 70.3 W 73.5 April .................................... 79.0 78.8 72.4 65.2 60.7 66.3 87.3 87.0 77.8 69.3 - 72.7 May ..................................... 79.6 79.5 73.0 67.5 61.8 67.9 87.5 87.2 78.4 70.7 - 73.8 June .................................... 78.9 78.7 70.9 63.9 59.0 65.0 86.8 86.5 76.6 67.2 - 71.0 July ..................................... 77.3 77.2 69.7 63.8 57.6 64.3 85.4 85.1 75.7 67.3 - 70.6 August ................................ 82.1 81.9 75.4 71.0 63.7 70.9 89.9 89.6 81.0 74.8 - 77.3 September .......................... 80.9 80.7 73.3 66.3 60.8 67.1 89.1 88.6 79.2 69.9 -

187

Finished Motor Gasoline Refinery, Bulk Terminal, and Natural Gas Plant  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History U.S. 71,470 61,525 55,254 40,534 39,717 37,768 1993-2012 PAD District 1 19,732 16,074 10,858 3,913 3,741 3,513 1993-2012 Connecticut 1993-2004 Delaware 292 105 498 1993-2009 Florida 4,484 1,877 914 586 734 747 1993-2012 Georgia 2,141 1,724 800 374 251 220 1993-2012 Maine 889 374 130 152 1993-2012 Maryland 67 31 1993-2008 Massachusetts 2 4 3 1993-2012 New Hampshire 1993-2005 New Jersey 1,982 2,956 2,026 667 275 795 1993-2012 New York 1,768 1,469 273 194 628 483 1993-2012 North Carolina 1,977 1,724 1,470 591 389 317 1993-2012 Pennsylvania 3,731 3,595 3,421 697 782 188 1993-2012 Rhode Island 1993-2005 South Carolina 839 720 787 444 276 288 1993-2012

188

Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 68.7 60.7 56.0 64.5 85.1 84.6 73.7 64.3 - 70.0 February ............................. 76.3 76.1 67.3 62.9 55.2 65.1 84.6 83.9 70.0 65.5 - 68.2 March .................................. 78.1 77.9 72.0 65.0 W 68.5 84.1 83.8 75.1 66.1 - 70.1 April .................................... 82.6 82.5 76.1 67.9 - 71.4 89.7 89.6 80.0 69.7 - 73.8 May ..................................... 87.9 87.9 79.9 71.8 - 75.1 94.3 94.2 84.6 73.5 - 77.7 June .................................... 90.2 90.2 80.0 66.5 - 72.0 96.4 96.3 84.0 68.7 - 75.0 July ..................................... 86.3 86.4 77.3 62.6 - 68.5 92.5 92.5 78.3 63.9 - 69.6 August ................................ 82.8 82.8 76.3 63.7 - 68.7 87.9 87.8 77.6 65.3 - 69.8 September .......................... 82.4 81.9 73.9 66.4 NA 69.4 NA NA 75.7 68.9 - 72.4 October ...............................

189

Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 69.7 61.6 W 65.5 84.2 83.9 75.4 65.0 - 71.8 February ............................. 78.1 77.6 71.3 64.5 - 68.0 85.6 85.1 77.4 67.6 - 73.8 March .................................. 83.3 83.0 79.0 72.2 W 75.7 89.7 89.4 85.1 74.4 - 81.1 April .................................... 92.1 91.9 86.0 76.1 - 79.5 100.6 100.1 93.3 77.6 - 84.9 May ..................................... 96.8 96.4 92.4 76.5 - 81.5 105.4 104.6 99.0 77.5 - 86.2 June .................................... 95.6 95.3 NA 76.7 - 81.6 103.7 103.2 98.0 77.5 - 85.8 July ..................................... 93.8 93.5 NA 75.3 - 80.2 101.5 101.1 96.1 76.2 - 84.7 August ................................ 95.2 95.0 NA 78.5 - 82.7 102.2 102.0 NA 80.0 - 86.7 September .......................... 97.1 96.7 88.1 79.7 - 82.9 104.7 104.4 93.7 82.0 - 87.4 October

190

Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

51.0 51.0 50.8 45.0 38.1 33.0 39.1 59.9 59.7 51.9 42.3 - 46.1 February ............................. 49.4 49.3 43.4 36.3 32.8 37.6 58.6 58.4 50.4 40.4 - 44.3 March .................................. 57.2 57.1 52.4 46.9 39.7 47.1 65.7 65.5 58.6 50.5 - 53.7 April .................................... 68.1 68.0 64.2 56.7 47.2 56.2 76.5 76.2 69.8 60.5 - 63.9 May ..................................... 68.9 68.8 63.6 56.3 48.2 56.1 77.4 77.0 69.4 60.0 - 63.4 June .................................... 68.2 68.2 63.7 56.3 48.6 56.7 76.5 76.3 69.1 59.8 - 63.2 July ..................................... 73.6 73.6 69.8 63.6 55.3 63.8 81.8 81.6 75.0 67.2 - 70.0 August ................................ 78.7 78.7 74.6 68.4 62.5 69.0 87.5 87.2 79.9 72.0 - 74.9 September .......................... 82.1 81.9 77.5 71.5 64.7 71.9 90.9 90.5 83.1 75.3 -

191

Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9.0 9.0 68.8 61.7 55.1 51.1 56.0 77.1 76.6 66.9 59.4 - 62.6 February ............................. 69.6 69.4 63.4 56.3 52.0 57.4 77.6 77.2 68.9 60.4 - 64.3 March .................................. 75.3 75.1 69.2 63.6 57.7 64.3 83.2 82.8 74.6 67.5 W 70.8 April .................................... 83.2 83.0 77.3 71.5 64.3 71.6 91.1 90.7 82.5 75.8 - 78.9 May ..................................... 86.2 85.9 79.2 71.7 65.6 72.6 94.1 93.6 84.2 75.8 - 79.5 June .................................... 83.7 83.4 75.2 66.6 59.9 67.4 91.6 90.9 80.2 69.5 - 74.2 July ..................................... 81.8 81.5 74.0 66.6 60.0 67.3 89.6 89.1 79.2 70.2 - 74.2 August ................................ 80.3 80.2 73.1 66.2 60.0 66.9 88.0 87.6 78.4 69.8 W 73.5 September .......................... 80.6 80.5 73.7 67.2 60.4 67.8 88.3 87.9 78.8 70.9 -

192

Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

66.1 66.1 65.8 58.4 51.1 49.2 52.4 74.6 74.2 64.6 55.6 - 59.1 February ............................. 63.3 63.2 56.3 50.1 47.4 51.0 72.0 71.6 62.1 54.1 - 57.3 March .................................. 61.3 61.2 54.2 47.9 45.4 48.9 69.9 69.5 60.0 51.9 - 55.0 April .................................... 62.6 62.5 56.3 51.1 47.1 51.5 71.0 70.7 61.8 55.1 - 57.7 May ..................................... 65.3 65.2 58.8 53.8 48.4 53.9 73.5 73.1 64.3 57.6 - 60.3 June .................................... 64.6 64.4 57.4 51.2 46.2 51.7 73.2 72.6 63.2 54.9 W 58.2 July ..................................... 63.4 63.2 56.0 49.8 45.1 50.5 72.2 71.7 62.2 53.4 - 56.9 August ................................ 60.5 60.3 52.9 45.0 41.0 46.3 69.6 69.2 59.2 48.8 - 53.0 September .......................... 59.2 59.1 52.8 45.8 40.8 46.7 68.2 67.9 58.8 49.7 -

193

Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2.2 2.2 71.6 66.6 60.0 56.1 63.1 81.2 80.6 71.7 64.6 - 69.7 February ............................. 72.7 72.2 67.3 60.3 56.4 63.3 81.5 80.9 72.7 64.8 - 70.4 March .................................. 77.0 76.6 71.7 66.0 64.7 68.7 85.9 85.3 77.7 70.0 - 75.5 April .................................... 87.8 87.6 82.8 76.2 76.2 79.5 96.1 95.6 88.4 80.5 - 86.2 May ..................................... 94.1 93.7 89.0 76.6 74.5 82.0 103.1 102.3 93.9 80.5 - 90.1 June .................................... 91.6 91.0 86.1 70.6 67.0 77.6 100.7 99.7 91.6 74.8 - 86.7 July ..................................... 87.8 87.6 83.0 70.8 68.0 76.3 96.9 96.3 88.3 74.9 - 84.3 August ................................ 84.0 83.8 78.3 68.9 65.0 72.8 93.1 92.5 83.5 73.3 W 80.6 September .......................... 82.1 82.0 76.0 69.6 66.1 72.2 91.0 90.6 81.2 73.7 W

194

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8,502.8 8,502.8 30,091.1 22,860.9 121,863.2 24,529.2 169,253.3 7,955.3 8,081.1 12,658.5 10,618.5 1,152.7 24,429.7 February ............................. 33,160.7 35,054.9 31,625.2 135,105.9 26,023.8 192,754.9 5,205.4 5,273.9 5,951.6 5,714.2 333.0 11,998.8 March .................................. 37,159.8 39,011.8 35,012.6 142,409.7 27,404.1 204,826.5 2,090.0 2,127.2 2,619.4 2,344.1 - 4,963.5 April .................................... 38,869.0 40,735.1 36,827.8 142,606.1 26,540.1 205,973.9 568.3 580.0 980.8 1,461.1 - 2,442.0 May ..................................... 39,582.4 41,396.9 37,319.3 150,843.9 27,558.2 215,721.4 573.6 584.7 957.5 1,537.7 - 2,495.2 June .................................... 40,991.9 42,912.3 37,954.3 156,346.5 32,447.1 226,747.9 591.6 592.0 990.8 1,609.0 -

195

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

220.9 220.9 31,104.3 23,193.9 128,995.0 28,849.6 181,038.6 5,089.3 5,164.2 4,062.8 5,720.8 - 9,783.6 February ............................. 31,284.4 33,213.6 24,062.8 134,673.5 33,175.3 191,911.6 4,908.5 4,980.9 4,025.8 5,317.8 - 9,343.6 March .................................. 34,100.8 36,002.0 25,985.0 139,340.5 30,160.8 195,486.2 2,710.3 2,764.7 2,622.6 2,796.9 - 5,419.5 April .................................... 35,684.3 37,877.0 27,895.8 146,733.8 29,409.3 204,038.9 1,203.7 1,224.2 652.4 2,016.6 - 2,669.0 May ..................................... 35,150.2 36,866.7 27,401.6 148,271.7 28,449.3 204,122.6 1,711.4 1,730.6 1,284.0 2,091.9 - 3,375.9 June .................................... 36,536.0 38,235.2 27,402.2 151,739.3 24,832.7 203,974.3 1,956.2 1,978.1

196

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4,707.0 4,707.0 35,821.0 18,450.2 130,177.8 22,726.5 171,354.5 3,900.7 3,926.0 4,696.8 7,088.7 - 11,785.5 February ............................. 36,412.6 37,699.7 20,174.0 142,313.8 25,388.9 187,876.8 3,924.9 3,949.8 5,137.3 6,882.9 - 12,020.2 March .................................. 36,632.6 38,121.0 21,255.9 152,151.5 30,915.0 204,322.3 3,382.2 3,401.8 4,711.1 5,122.9 - 9,833.9 April .................................... 37,971.4 39,384.5 23,410.4 155,157.1 40,216.9 218,784.4 1,927.8 1,934.5 1,997.5 3,438.3 - 5,435.9 May ..................................... 37,771.0 39,109.5 22,504.7 154,536.5 34,938.2 211,979.5 1,944.7 1,953.1 1,570.1 3,450.5 - 5,020.5 June .................................... 37,777.7 38,969.0 22,350.8 163,781.5 29,805.1 215,937.4 2,027.1

197

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

161.3 161.3 30,767.0 22,353.2 127,342.1 24,284.9 173,980.2 8,319.4 8,460.9 13,456.3 W W 24,653.0 February ............................. 32,286.1 34,080.3 31,066.3 138,106.2 29,977.1 199,149.6 6,264.3 6,341.7 6,239.1 5,890.3 - 12,129.4 March .................................. 36,529.7 38,362.8 35,134.3 141,063.5 25,588.4 201,786.1 2,972.7 3,032.6 2,589.4 W W 4,958.5 April .................................... 36,904.9 38,994.6 31,715.8 147,020.0 33,979.9 212,715.8 1,558.8 1,592.8 1,049.5 1,668.8 - 2,718.3 May ..................................... 36,751.1 38,541.5 28,743.2 148,337.4 29,640.9 206,721.5 1,299.8 1,333.0 1,005.5 1,838.7 - 2,844.3 June .................................... 37,465.1 39,108.4 28,592.7 147,682.3 36,046.6 212,321.6

198

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3,177.2 3,177.2 34,690.6 19,370.8 133,144.1 32,691.0 185,205.9 4,123.8 4,154.0 3,780.0 6,946.2 - 10,726.2 February ............................. 34,982.2 36,460.3 20,433.1 137,937.1 31,470.5 189,840.6 3,923.6 3,954.4 3,674.9 6,513.4 - 10,188.4 March .................................. 37,598.4 39,137.5 21,474.3 144,372.0 29,697.5 195,543.8 2,947.2 2,972.1 3,243.6 4,126.4 - 7,370.0 April .................................... 34,901.4 36,438.7 22,519.1 148,658.4 39,120.8 210,298.2 2,159.0 2,174.7 1,880.2 3,562.0 - 5,442.2 May ..................................... 35,698.2 37,200.2 22,890.9 150,690.5 35,704.2 209,285.5 2,007.8 2,022.5 1,824.9 3,446.9 - 5,271.8 June .................................... 36,351.1 37,897.0 23,252.4 157,837.8 38,644.7 219,734.8 2,006.0

199

Finished Motor Gasoline Refinery, Bulk Terminal, and Natural Gas Plant  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History U.S. 31,576 31,334 35,019 34,533 32,174 27,872 1993-2013 PAD District 1 2,286 2,947 3,296 3,722 3,755 2,837 1993-2013 Connecticut 1993-2005 Delaware 1993-2010 Florida 635 638 666 711 724 563 1993-2013 Georgia 179 213 239 277 244 191 1993-2013 Maine 126 263 324 270 310 112 1993-2013 Maryland 1993-2009 Massachusetts 7 6 7 5 8 7 1993-2013 New Hampshire 1993-2006 New Jersey 206 344 270 604 785 463 1993-2013 New York 325 455 535 508 465 521 1993-2013 North Carolina 251 387 522 535 457 320 1993-2013 Pennsylvania 116 165 232 202 234 178 1993-2013 Rhode Island 1993-2007 South Carolina 250 237 271 306 293 275 1993-2013 Vermont 20 30 19 15 24 19 1993-2013

200

Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7.2 7.2 66.8 59.8 52.5 48.2 53.6 75.7 75.1 65.4 57.1 W 60.9 February ............................. 67.0 66.6 60.6 53.5 49.6 54.8 75.4 74.9 66.1 58.1 NA 61.8 March .................................. 67.9 67.6 61.1 54.5 50.4 55.7 75.8 75.3 66.5 58.3 NA 62.2 April .................................... 73.1 72.8 66.9 62.3 56.4 62.6 80.8 80.4 72.4 66.7 W 69.3 May ..................................... 79.0 78.6 72.1 67.7 62.0 68.0 87.2 86.6 77.4 72.5 NA 74.8 June .................................... 79.2 78.6 70.3 62.4 58.5 63.9 87.6 86.8 75.9 66.8 NA 71.0 July ..................................... 75.6 75.0 66.0 56.4 52.9 58.5 83.8 83.0 71.4 60.2 NA 65.5 August ................................ 73.0 72.6 64.8 57.0 51.8 58.3 81.0 80.5 69.8 60.8 NA 64.9 September .......................... 72.0 71.8 64.8 57.7 52.3 58.7 79.8 79.5 69.6

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline includes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

U.S. Motor Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

NA NA NA 1983-2013 DTW 39,898.1 39,895.9 35,650.2 30,105.1 27,170.0 27,572.4 1994-2013 Rack 220,794.8 226,076.6 232,908.6 233,671.8 239,186.6 238,580.7 1994-2013 Bulk 45,667.8...

202

Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

... 62.2 61.7 57.6 46.2 43.3 50.8 72.8 72.3 64.2 50.3 W 59.7 December ... 59.8 59.2 55.2 41.0 37.5 46.8 70.5 70.0 62.2 45.5 W...

203

Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

... 86.2 85.7 80.5 74.4 68.6 75.9 95.2 94.7 86.9 78.5 W 84.2 December ... 88.4 87.8 82.4 74.9 71.5 77.6 97.7 97.1 88.8 79.1 W...

204

Refinery & Blender Net Production of Finished Motor Gasoline  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 View History U.S. 3,128,673 3,206,726 3,306,400 3,306,028 3,267,022 3,370,460 1945-2013 PADD 1 723,212 872,233 993,681 1,055,660 1,044,853 1,062,487...

205

Motor Gasoline Market Spring 2007 and Implications for Spring...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

positions on policy issues. Because of EIA's statutory independence with respect to the content of its energy information program, the analysis presented herein is strictly its...

206

Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4.6 4.6 73.9 70.5 59.6 55.7 64.4 84.2 83.3 75.7 63.9 - 72.4 February ............................. 73.7 73.0 69.3 59.8 57.2 64.1 82.9 82.1 74.2 64.6 - 71.6 March .................................. 72.3 71.6 68.0 57.9 54.1 62.3 81.7 80.8 73.1 62.4 - 70.1 April .................................... 74.8 74.2 70.8 64.0 59.7 67.0 83.8 83.2 75.8 68.3 - 73.7 May ..................................... 80.4 80.0 75.3 69.5 64.6 71.9 89.2 88.6 80.5 74.2 - 78.7 June .................................... 81.7 81.0 75.3 65.9 61.6 70.3 90.3 89.5 80.6 70.7 - 77.7 July ..................................... 78.7 77.8 71.7 60.3 57.9 65.6 87.5 86.5 77.1 65.1 - 73.6 August ................................ 75.5 74.7 68.8 59.9 56.7 63.6 83.9 83.2 73.8 64.5 - 71.0 September .......................... 73.5 72.9 67.4 61.0 56.9 63.4 81.6 81.0 72.2 65.2 -

207

Interaction blending equations enhance reformulated gasoline profitability  

SciTech Connect

The interaction approach to gasoline blending gives refiners an accurate, simple means of re-evaluating blending equations and increasing profitability. With reformulated gasoline specifications drawing near, a detailed description of this approach, in the context of reformulated gasoline is in order. Simple mathematics compute blending values from interaction equations and interaction coefficients between mixtures. A timely example of such interactions is: blending a mixture of catalytically cracked gasoline plus light straight run (LSR) from one tank with alkylate plus reformate from another. This paper discusses blending equations, using interactions, mixture interactions, other blending problems, and obtaining equations.

Snee, R.D. (Joiner Associates, Madison, WI (United States)); Morris, W.E.; Smith, W.E.

1994-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

208

Renewable Oxygenate Blending Effects on Gasoline Properties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Renewable Oxygenate Blending Effects on Gasoline Properties ... National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado 80401, United States ... Energy Fuels, 2011, 25 (10), ...

Earl Christensen; Janet Yanowitz; Matthew Ratcliff; Robert L. McCormick

2011-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

209

Emissions Control for Lean Gasoline Engines  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to achieve cost-effective compliance * minimize precious metal content while maximizing fuel economy * Relevance: - U.S. passenger car fleet is dominated by gasoline-fueled...

210

Advanced Gasoline Turbocharged Direct Injection (GTDI) Engine...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

in Gasoline Turbocharged Direct Injection (GTDI) engine technology in the near term as a cost effective, high volume, fuel economy solution, marketed globally as EcoBoost...

211

Emissions Control for Lean Gasoline Engines  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SCR Urea TankInjector Cost Customer Acceptance Not in Project Scope Specific Key Issues: Cost, Durability, Fuel Penalty, Operating Temp.,+... Lean Gasoline SI Direct Injection...

212

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Gasoline Pump Components History Gasoline Pump Components History WHAT WE PAY FOR IN A GALLON OF REGULAR GASOLINE Mon-yr Retail Price (Dollars per gallon) Refining (percentage) Distribution & Marketing (percentage) Taxes (percentage) Crude Oil (percentage) Jan-00 1.289 7.8 13.0 32.1 47.1 Feb-00 1.377 17.9 7.5 30.1 44.6 Mar-00 1.517 15.4 12.8 27.3 44.6 Apr-00 1.465 10.1 20.2 28.3 41.4 May-00 1.485 20.2 9.2 27.9 42.7 Jun-00 1.633 22.2 8.8 25.8 43.1 Jul-00 1.551 13.2 15.8 27.2 43.8 Aug-00 1.465 15.8 7.5 28.8 47.8 Sep-00 1.550 15.4 9.0 27.2 48.3 Oct-00 1.532 13.7 10.1 27.5 48.6 Nov-00 1.517 10.4 11.8 27.8 50.0 Dec-00 1.443 8.0 17.9 29.2 44.8 Jan-01 1.447 17.8 10.4 29.2 42.7 Feb-01 1.450 17.3 11.0 29.1 42.6 Mar-01 1.409 18.8 9.7 30.0 41.5

213

Automobile Prices, Gasoline Prices, and Consumer Demand for Fuel Economy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Automobile Prices, Gasoline Prices, and Consumer Demand for Fuel Economy Ashley Langer University evidence that automobile manufacturers set vehicle prices as if consumers respond to gasoline prices. We consumer preferences for fuel efficiency. Keywords: automobile prices, gasoline prices, environmental

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

214

From Gasoline Alleys to Electric Avenues  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...From Gasoline Alleys to Electric Avenues 10.1126...for next-generation electric cars could help make...next-generation hybrid vehicle. Like today's hybrids...have dual gasoline and electric engines. But whereas...authorizing $1 million for rebates for future plug-in hybrid...

Eli Kintisch

2008-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

215

Ethers have good gasoline-blending attributes  

SciTech Connect

Because of their compatibility with hydrocarbon gasoline-blending components, their high octane blending values, and their low volatility blending values, ethers will grow in use as gasoline blending components. This article discusses the properties of ethers as blending components, and environmental questions.

Unzelman, G.H.

1989-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

216

What Drives U.S. Gasoline Prices?  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This analysis provides context for considering the impact of rising domestic light crude oil production on the price that U.S. consumers pay for gasoline, and provides a framework to consider how changes to existing U.S. crude oil export restrictions might affect gasoline prices.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Design Case Summary: Production of Gasoline and Diesel from Biomass...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Design Case Summary: Production of Gasoline and Diesel from Biomass via Fast Pyrolysis, Hydrotreating, and Hydrocracking Design Case Summary: Production of Gasoline and Diesel from...

218

Production of Gasoline and Diesel from Biomass via Fast Pyrolysis...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Production of Gasoline and Diesel from Biomass via Fast Pyrolysis, Hydrotreating and Hydrocracking: A Design Case Production of Gasoline and Diesel from Biomass via Fast Pyrolysis,...

219

Dispensing Equipment Testing With Mid-Level Ethanol/Gasoline...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Dispensing Equipment Testing With Mid-Level EthanolGasoline Test Fluid Dispensing Equipment Testing With Mid-Level EthanolGasoline Test Fluid The National Renewable Energy...

220

Reductant Chemistry during LNT Regeneration for a Lean Gasoline...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reductant Chemistry during LNT Regeneration for a Lean Gasoline Engine Reductant Chemistry during LNT Regeneration for a Lean Gasoline Engine Poster presented at the 16th...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline includes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

DOE's Gasoline/Diesel PM Split Study | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

GasolineDiesel PM Split Study DOE's GasolineDiesel PM Split Study 2005 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentations and Posters 2005deerfujita.pdf More...

222

Load Expansion with Diesel/Gasoline RCCI for Improved Engine...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

with DieselGasoline RCCI for Improved Engine Efficiency and Emissions Load Expansion with DieselGasoline RCCI for Improved Engine Efficiency and Emissions This poster will...

223

Advantages of Oxygenates Fuels over Gasoline in Direct Injection...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Advantages of Oxygenates Fuels over Gasoline in Direct Injection Spark Ignition Engines Advantages of Oxygenates Fuels over Gasoline in Direct Injection Spark Ignition Engines...

224

Diesel and Gasoline Engine Emissions: Characterization of Atmosphere...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Gasoline Engine Emissions: Characterization of Atmosphere Composition and Health Responses to Inhaled Emissions Diesel and Gasoline Engine Emissions: Characterization of...

225

In Vitro Genotoxicity of Gasoline and Diesel Engine Vehicle Exhaust...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Gasoline and Diesel Engine Vehicle Exhaust Particulate and Semi-Volatile Organic Compound Materials In Vitro Genotoxicity of Gasoline and Diesel Engine Vehicle Exhaust Particulate...

226

High Efficiency Clean Combustion Engine Designs for Gasoline...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

High Efficiency Clean Combustion Engine Designs for Gasoline and Diesel Engines High Efficiency Clean Combustion Engine Designs for Gasoline and Diesel Engines 2009 DOE Hydrogen...

227

Chemical kinetic modeling of component mixtures relevant to gasoline  

SciTech Connect

Real fuels are complex mixtures of thousands of hydrocarbon compounds including linear and branched paraffins, naphthenes, olefins and aromatics. It is generally agreed that their behavior can be effectively reproduced by simpler fuel surrogates containing a limited number of components. In this work, a recently revised version of the kinetic model by the authors is used to analyze the combustion behavior of several components relevant to gasoline surrogate formulation. Particular attention is devoted to linear and branched saturated hydrocarbons (PRF mixtures), olefins (1-hexene) and aromatics (toluene). Model predictions for pure components, binary mixtures and multi-component gasoline surrogates are compared with recent experimental information collected in rapid compression machine, shock tube and jet stirred reactors covering a wide range of conditions pertinent to internal combustion engines. Simulation results are discussed focusing attention on the mixing effects of the fuel components.

Mehl, M; Curran, H J; Pitz, W J; Westbrook, C K

2009-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

228

Why are gasoline prices falling so rapidly?  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Why are gasoline prices falling so rapidly? Why are gasoline prices falling so rapidly? As of October 29, 2001, the national average retail price of regular gasoline was $1.235 per gallon, its lowest level since November 8, 1999 (Figure 1). The average price has fallen 29 cents in 6 weeks since September 17, with further declines perhaps to come. The sharpest decline has been in the Midwest (Petroleum Administration for Defense District 2), where the average has dropped 57 cents in 8 weeks since Labor Day (September 3). Additionally, this decline comes on the heels of a 33-cent drop in the national average in 10 weeks from Memorial Day through August 6, interrupted only by a brief 17-cent rise in August. In total, the national average retail gasoline price has fallen nearly 48 cents from its peak on May 14. This is already the widest one-year range in retail prices

229

U.S. gasoline prices increase slightly  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

average retail price for regular gasoline rose slightly to 3.55 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S....

230

Edgeworth price cycles in retail gasoline markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this dissertation, I present three essays that are motivated by the interesting and dynamic price-setting behavior of firms in Canadian retail gasoline markets. In the first essay, I examine behavior at the market level ...

Noel, Michael David, 1971-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Chemistry Impacts in Gasoline HCCI  

SciTech Connect

The use of homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) combustion in internal combustion engines is of interest because it has the potential to produce low oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and particulate matter (PM) emissions while providing diesel-like efficiency. In HCCI combustion, a premixed charge of fuel and air auto-ignites at multiple points in the cylinder near top dead center (TDC), resulting in rapid combustion with very little flame propagation. In order to prevent excessive knocking during HCCI combustion, it must take place in a dilute environment, resulting from either operating fuel lean or providing high levels of either internal or external exhaust gas recirculation (EGR). Operating the engine in a dilute environment can substantially reduce the pumping losses, thus providing the main efficiency advantage compared to spark-ignition (SI) engines. Low NOx and PM emissions have been reported by virtually all researchers for operation under HCCI conditions. The precise emissions can vary depending on how well mixed the intake charge is, the fuel used, and the phasing of the HCCI combustion event; but it is common for there to be no measurable PM emissions and NOx emissions <10 ppm. Much of the early HCCI work was done on 2-stroke engines, and in these studies the CO and hydrocarbon emissions were reported to decrease [1]. However, in modern 4-stroke engines, the CO and hydrocarbon emissions from HCCI usually represent a marked increase compared with conventional SI combustion. This literature review does not report on HCCI emissions because the trends mentioned above are well established in the literature. The main focus of this literature review is the auto-ignition performance of gasoline-type fuels. It follows that this discussion relies heavily on the extensive information available about gasoline auto-ignition from studying knock in SI engines. Section 2 discusses hydrocarbon auto-ignition, the octane number scale, the chemistry behind it, its shortcomings, and its relevance to HCCI. Section 3 discusses the effects of fuel volatility on fuel and air mixing and the consequences it has on HCCI. The effects of alcohol fuels on HCCI performance, and specifically the effects that they have on the operable speed/load range, are reviewed in Section 4. Finally, conclusions are drawn in Section 5.

Szybist, James P [ORNL; Bunting, Bruce G [ORNL

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Writing Motor Specifications - How to Include Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The present worth values used recognize that the in-service dates may start several years after the tender evaluation period. The energy costs used are a composite value based on the forecast mix of gene~a? tion facilities, i.e. hydro, fossil and nuclear.... The present worth values used recognize that the in-service dates may start several years after the tender evaluation period. The energy costs used are a composite value based on the forecast mix of gene~a? tion facilities, i.e. hydro, fossil and nuclear...

Quartermaine, B. J.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

motor vehicles | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

motor vehicles motor vehicles Dataset Summary Description The data included in this submission is United States Department of Transportation (DOT) data on rates and revenue statistics up to 1995. The data includes state motor-fuel tax receipts, 1919-1995, state motor fuel taxes and related receipts, 1950-1995, and state and federal motor fuel tax rates, 1919-1995 The data is presented in .xlsx format. Source DOT Date Released Unknown Date Updated Unknown Keywords DOT highway motor vehicles rates revenues Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon State motor-fuel tax receipts, 1919-1995 (xlsx, 13.8 KiB) application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon State motor fuel taxes and related receipts, 1950-1995 (xlsx, 78.5 KiB)

234

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #279: August 4, 2003 Gasoline Stations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9: August 4, 9: August 4, 2003 Gasoline Stations to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #279: August 4, 2003 Gasoline Stations on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #279: August 4, 2003 Gasoline Stations on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #279: August 4, 2003 Gasoline Stations on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #279: August 4, 2003 Gasoline Stations on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #279: August 4, 2003 Gasoline Stations on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #279: August 4, 2003 Gasoline Stations on AddThis.com... Fact #279: August 4, 2003 Gasoline Stations The number of retail outlets that sell gasoline to the public has declined by 17.7% from 1993 to 2002 - from 207,416 in 1993, to 170,678 in 2002.

235

Low Gasoline Stocks Indicate Increased Odds of Spring Volatility  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

We cannot just focus on distillate. Gasoline will likely be our next We cannot just focus on distillate. Gasoline will likely be our next major concern. Gasoline stock levels have fallen well below the typical band for this time of year, primarily for the same reason distillate stocks fell to low levels -- namely relatively low production due to low margins. At the end of January, total gasoline inventories were almost 13 million barrels (6%) below the low end of the normal band. While gasoline stocks are generally not as important a supply source to the gasoline market this time of year as are distillate stocks to the distillate market, gasoline stocks still are needed. Gasoline stocks are usually used to help meet gasoline demand during February and March as refiners go through maintenance and turnarounds, but we do not have the

236

Novel Characterization of GDI Engine Exhaust for Gasoline and Mid-Level Gasoline-Alcohol Blends  

SciTech Connect

Gasoline direct injection (GDI) engines can offer improved fuel economy and higher performance over their port fuel-injected (PFI) counterparts, and are now appearing in increasingly more U.S. and European vehicles. Small displacement, turbocharged GDI engines are replacing large displacement engines, particularly in light-duty trucks and sport utility vehicles, in order for manufacturers to meet more stringent fuel economy standards. GDI engines typically emit the most particulate matter (PM) during periods of rich operation such as start-up and acceleration, and emissions of air toxics are also more likely during this condition. A 2.0 L GDI engine was operated at lambda of 0.91 at typical loads for acceleration (2600 rpm, 8 bar BMEP) on three different fuels; an 87 anti-knock index (AKI) gasoline (E0), 30% ethanol blended with the 87 AKI fuel (E30), and 48% isobutanol blended with the 87 AKI fuel. E30 was chosen to maximize octane enhancement while minimizing ethanol-blend level and iBu48 was chosen to match the same fuel oxygen level as E30. Particle size and number, organic carbon and elemental carbon (OC/EC), soot HC speciation, and aldehydes and ketones were all analyzed during the experiment. A new method for soot HC speciation is introduced using a direct, thermal desorption/pyrolysis inlet for the gas chromatograph (GC). Results showed high levels of aromatic compounds were present in the PM, including downstream of the catalyst, and the aldehydes were dominated by the alcohol blending.

Storey, John Morse [ORNL] [ORNL; Lewis Sr, Samuel Arthur [ORNL] [ORNL; Szybist, James P [ORNL] [ORNL; Thomas, John F [ORNL] [ORNL; Barone, Teresa L [ORNL] [ORNL; Eibl, Mary A [ORNL] [ORNL; Nafziger, Eric J [ORNL] [ORNL; Kaul, Brian C [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Gasoline marketing: Octane mislabeling in New York City  

SciTech Connect

The problem of octane mislabeling at gasoline stations in New York City has grown - from 46 or fewer citations in 1981 to 171 citations in 1986. No single source of octane mislabeling exists but the city has found both gasoline station operators and fuel distributors to blame. The problem does not seem to be unique to any one type of gasoline station but 57 percent of the 171 citations issued involved gasoline sold under the name of a major refiner; the rest involved unbranded gasoline. Octane cheating can be lucrative in New York City. A station intentionally mislabeling its gasoline could realize amounts many times the city's maximum $500 fine for cheating.

Not Available

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Ethanol Demand in United States Gasoline Production  

SciTech Connect

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (OWL) Refinery Yield Model (RYM) has been used to estimate the demand for ethanol in U.S. gasoline production in year 2010. Study cases examine ethanol demand with variations in world oil price, cost of competing oxygenate, ethanol value, and gasoline specifications. For combined-regions outside California summer ethanol demand is dominated by conventional gasoline (CG) because the premised share of reformulated gasoline (RFG) production is relatively low and because CG offers greater flexibility for blending high vapor pressure components like ethanol. Vapor pressure advantages disappear for winter CG, but total ethanol used in winter RFG remains low because of the low RFG production share. In California, relatively less ethanol is used in CG because the RFG production share is very high. During the winter in California, there is a significant increase in use of ethanol in RFG, as ethanol displaces lower-vapor-pressure ethers. Estimated U.S. ethanol demand is a function of the refiner value of ethanol. For example, ethanol demand for reference conditions in year 2010 is 2 billion gallons per year (BGY) at a refiner value of $1.00 per gallon (1996 dollars), and 9 BGY at a refiner value of $0.60 per gallon. Ethanol demand could be increased with higher oil prices, or by changes in gasoline specifications for oxygen content, sulfur content, emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCS), and octane numbers.

Hadder, G.R.

1998-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

239

1995 Reformulated Gasoline Market Affected Refiners Differently  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 Reformulated Gasoline Market Affected 5 Reformulated Gasoline Market Affected Refiners Differently by John Zyren, Charles Dale and Charles Riner Introduction The United States has completed its first summer driving season using reformulated gasoline (RFG). Motorists noticed price increases at the retail level, resulting from the increased cost to produce and deliver the product, as well as from the tight sup- ply/demand balance during the summer. This arti- cle focuses on the costs of producing RFG as experienced by different types of refiners and on how these refiners fared this past summer, given the prices for RFG at the refinery gate. RFG Regulatory Requirements The use of RFG is a result of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA). The CAAA cover a wide range of programs aimed at improving air qual-

240

Gasoline from coal in the state of Illinois: feasibility study. Volume I. Design. [KBW gasification process, ICI low-pressure methanol process and Mobil M-gasoline process  

SciTech Connect

Volume 1 describes the proposed plant: KBW gasification process, ICI low-pressure methanol process and Mobil M-gasoline process, and also with ancillary processes, such as oxygen plant, shift process, RECTISOL purification process, sulfur recovery equipment and pollution control equipment. Numerous engineering diagrams are included. (LTN)

Not Available

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline includes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Michigan Fleet Reduces Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use on AddThis.com... Feb. 11, 2010 Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use D iscover how the City of Ann Arbor reduced municipal fleet gas and diesel

242

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #458: February 26, 2007 Gasoline Price  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8: February 26, 8: February 26, 2007 Gasoline Price Expectations to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #458: February 26, 2007 Gasoline Price Expectations on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #458: February 26, 2007 Gasoline Price Expectations on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #458: February 26, 2007 Gasoline Price Expectations on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #458: February 26, 2007 Gasoline Price Expectations on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #458: February 26, 2007 Gasoline Price Expectations on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #458: February 26, 2007 Gasoline Price Expectations on AddThis.com... Fact #458: February 26, 2007 Gasoline Price Expectations

243

Factors Impacting Gasoline Prices and Areas for Further Study  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Factors Impacting Gasoline Prices and Areas for Further Study Factors Impacting Gasoline Prices and Areas for Further Study 8/10/01 Click here to start Table of Contents Factors Impacting Gasoline Prices and Areas for Further Study Different Factors Impact Different Aspects of Gasoline Price Correlation of Price to Inventory Levels Crude Prices Strongly Related to OECD.Crude & Product Inventories Gasoline Prices Also Influenced by Regional Gasoline Product Markets Tight Product Balance Pushes Up Product Spread (Spot Product - Crude Price) Retail Price Changes Lag Spot Prices Cumulative Gasoline Price Pass-through Illustration of How Lag Effect Dampens and Slows Retail Price Changes from Wholesale Recent Weekly Retail Price Changes Have Been as Expected Summary: Most Gasoline Price Movement Can Be Explained As Rational Market Behavior Author: Joanne Shore

244

Demand and Price Uncertainty: Rational Habits in International Gasoline Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

global gasoline and diesel price and income elasticities.shift in the short-run price elasticity of gasoline demand.Habits and Uncertain Relative Prices: Simulating Petrol Con-

Scott, K. Rebecca

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

U.S. gasoline price falls under $3 (short version)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3, 2014 U.S. gasoline price falls under 3 (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to its lowest level since December 2010 at 2.99 a gallon on...

246

U.S. gasoline price falls under $3 (long version)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

November 3, 2014 U.S. gasoline price falls under 3 (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to its lowest level since December 2010 at 2.99 a gallon...

247

Demand and Price Volatility: Rational Habits in International Gasoline Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

shift in the short-run price elasticity of gasoline demand.A meta-analysis of the price elasticity of gasoline demand.2007. Consumer demand un- der price uncertainty: Empirical

Scott, K. Rebecca

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Fact #835: August 25, Average Historical Annual Gasoline Pump...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

5: August 25, Average Historical Annual Gasoline Pump Price, 1929-2013 Fact 835: August 25, Average Historical Annual Gasoline Pump Price, 1929-2013 When adjusted for inflation,...

249

Revisiting the Income Effect: Gasoline Prices and Grocery Purchases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gasoline and Crude Oil Prices, 2000-2006 Figure I:Weekly Gasoline and Crude Oil Prices for 2001- 2006 Crudeargue that increases in oil prices may lead to recessions

Gicheva, Dora; Hastings, Justine; Villas-Boas, Sofia B

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Fact #824: June 9, 2014 EPA Sulfur Standards for Gasoline  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Sulfur naturally occurs in gasoline and diesel fuel, contributing to pollution when the fuel is burned. Beginning in 2004, standards were set on the amount of sulfur in gasoline (Tier 2 standards)....

251

DOE's Gasoline/Diesel PM Split Study | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Desert Research Institute 2003deerfujita.pdf More Documents & Publications DOE's GasolineDiesel PM Split Study DOE's GasolineDiesel PM Split Study Long-Term Changes in Gas-...

252

National Survey of E85 and Gasoline Prices  

SciTech Connect

Study compares the prices of E85 and regular gasoline nationally and regionally over time for one year.

Bergeron, P.

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Catalytic isomerization of the overhead fractions of straight run gasoline  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The isomerization of the pentane and hexane fractions of gasoline on a platinum catalyst was studied, as...

N. R. Bursian; G. N. Maslyanskii

1965-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004... 2005 2006 gasoline diesel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004... 2005 2006 gasoline diesel price +10% gasolinegasoline gasoline diesel... ... 2007 20081998 2009 ...2010 home work home work diesel diesel ... gasoline diesel price -7, households' decisions are affected by various other factors, from the vehicle market offer to governmental

Bierlaire, Michel

255

Empirical Regularities of Asymmetric Pricing in the Gasoline Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Empirical Regularities of Asymmetric Pricing in the Gasoline Industry Marc Remer August 2, 2010 pricing in the retail gasoline industry, and also documents empirical regularities in the market. I find of asymmetric price movements in the retail gasoline industry. Yet, there is no general agreement as to whether

Niebur, Ernst

256

LAMINAR BURNING VELOCITY OF GASOLINES WITH ADDITION OF ETHANOL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 LAMINAR BURNING VELOCITY OF GASOLINES WITH ADDITION OF ETHANOL P. Dirrenberger1 , P.A. Glaude*1 (2014) 162-169" DOI : 10.1016/j.fuel.2013.07.015 #12;2 LAMINAR BURNING VELOCITY OF GASOLINES, Sweden Abstract The adiabatic laminar burning velocities of a commercial gasoline and of a model fuel (n

Boyer, Edmond

257

Ethanol Production and Gasoline Prices: A Spurious Correlation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ethanol Production and Gasoline Prices: A Spurious Correlation Christopher R. Knittel and Aaron Smith July 12, 2012 Abstract Ethanol made from corn comprises 10% of US gasoline, up from 3% in 2003 proponents of ethanol have argued that ethanol production greatly lowers gasoline prices, with one industry

Rothman, Daniel

258

NIST Technical Note 1666 Modeling the Effects of Outdoor Gasoline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NIST Technical Note 1666 Modeling the Effects of Outdoor Gasoline Powered Generator Use on Indoor Technical Note 1666 Modeling the Effects of Outdoor Gasoline Powered Generator Use on Indoor Carbon Monoxide and Technology (NIST) conducted a study for CDC to examine the impact of distance of gasoline-powered portable

259

ISSN 1745-9648 Gasoline Prices Jump Up on Mondays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ISSN 1745-9648 Gasoline Prices Jump Up on Mondays: an Outcome of Aggressive Competition? by ?ystein Research Council is gratefully acknowledged. #12;Gasoline prices jump up on Mondays: An outcome, 2008 Abstract This paper examines Norwegian gasoline pump prices using daily station

Feigon, Brooke

260

What Do Consumers Believe About Future Gasoline Soren T. Anderson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

What Do Consumers Believe About Future Gasoline Prices? Soren T. Anderson Michigan State University of consumers about their expectations of future gasoline prices. Overall, we find that consumer beliefs follow a random walk, which we deem a reasonable forecast of gasoline prices, but we find a deviation from

Silver, Whendee

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline includes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Production of high-octane automobile gasolines by the catalytic reforming of straight-run gasoline fractions from mangyshlak crude  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High-octane components for AI-93 and AI-98 automobile gasolines can be obtained in 86 and 82% ... 140, 140180, and 85180C gasoline fractions from Mangyshlak crude.

V. A. Kuprianov; A. A. Timofeev; V. E. Gavrun

1971-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Study of methanol-to-gasoline process for production of gasoline from coal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The methanol-to-gasoline (MTG) process is an efficient way to produce liquid ... The academic basis of the coal-to-liquid process is described and two different synthesis processes are focused on: Fixed MTG process

Tian-cai He; Xiao-han Cheng; Ling Li

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Reformulated gasoline: Costs and refinery impacts  

SciTech Connect

Studies of reformulated gasoline (RFG) costs and refinery impacts have been performed with the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Refinery Yield Model (ORNL-RYM), a linear program which has been updated to blend gasolines to satisfy emissions constraints defined by preliminary complex emissions models. Policy makers may use the reformulation cost knee (the point at which costs start to rise sharply for incremental emissions control) to set emissions reduction targets, giving due consideration to the differences between model representations and actual refining operations. ORNL-RYM estimates that the reformulation cost knee for the US East Coast (PADD I) is about 15.2 cents per gallon with a 30 percent reduction of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). The estimated cost knee for the US Gulf Coast (PADD III) is about 5.5 cents per gallon with a VOC reduction of 35 percent. Reid vapor pressure (RVP) reduction is the dominant VOC reduction mechanism. Even with anti-dumping constraints, conventional gasoline appears to be an important sink which permits RFG to be blended with lower aromatics and sulfur contents in PADD III. In addition to the potentially large sensitivity of RFG production to different emissions models, RFG production is sensitive to the non-exhaust VOC share assumption for a particular VOC model. ORNL-RYM has also been used to estimate the sensitivity of RFG production to the cost of capital; to the RVP requirements for conventional gasoline; and to the percentage of RFG produced in a refining region.

Hadder, G.R.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Electric Motors  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Section 313 of the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007 raised Federal minimum efficiency standards for general-purpose, single-speed, polyphase induction motors of 1 to 500 horsepower (hp). This new standard took effect in December 2010. The new minimum efficiency levels match FEMP's performance requirement for these motors.

265

Response to Comment on Environmental Implications on the Oxygenation of Gasoline with Ethanol in the Metropolitan Area of Mexico City  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Motor vehicle population in the MAMC has a model-year distribution typical of developing countries:? Old cars (unequipped with any emissions control technology) make up a great portion of the total population. ... Recently, Mexico's economic stability and lower inflation rates have prompted motor vehicle dealers to lower their down payments and interest rates, thus making it feasible for low income people (e.g., those that own an old car) to buy a new one. ... We have reported recently that TWC performance in brand new vehicles deteriorates considerably after 60?000 km, either because of defective TWC materials or because of the high sulfur content of Mexican gasoline (8). ...

I. Schifter; M. Vera; L. Daz; E. Guzmn; F. Ramos; E. Lpez-Salinas

2001-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

266

IDENTIFYING THE USAGE PATTERNS OF METHYL TERT-BUTYL ETHER (MTBE) AND OTHER OXYGENATES IN GASOLINE USING GASOLINE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IDENTIFYING THE USAGE PATTERNS OF METHYL TERT-BUTYL ETHER (MTBE) AND OTHER OXYGENATES IN GASOLINE USING GASOLINE SURVEYS By Michael J. Moran, Rick M. Clawges, and John S. Zogorski U.S. Geological Survey 1608 Mt. View Rapid City, SD 57702 Methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) is commonly added to gasoline

267

Engines - Fuel Injection and Spray Research - Gasoline Sprays  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gasoline Sprays Gasoline Sprays Animated image of fuel emerging from a gasoline injector Animated image of fuel emerging from a gasoline injector (simulated environment). Some newer automobiles in the U.S. use gasoline direct injection (GDI) engines. These advanced gasoline engines inject the fuel directly into the engine cylinder rather than into the intake port. These engines can achieve higher fuel efficiency, but they depend on a precise fuel/air mixture at the spark plug to initiate ignition. This leads to more stringent requirements on spray quality and reproducibility. GDI also enables new combustion strategies for gasoline engines such as lean burn engines that use less fuel and air. Lean burn engines may achieve efficiencies near those of diesels while producing low emissions. This

268

Department of Electrical Engineering Fall 2009 Electridyne Motor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PENNSTATE Department of Electrical Engineering Fall 2009 Electridyne Motor Overview Our sponsored project was to design an elecrtic motor for an urban transportation vehicle, the challenges involved included research into motor design, consideration of the materials, and the electromagnetic parameters

Demirel, Melik C.

269

Abstract--There are two types of drivers in production machine systems: constant velocity (CV) motor and servo-motor.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the dynamic model of the five-bar hybrid mechanism including its electric motors. Section 3 presents) motor and servo-motor. If a system contains two drivers or more, among which some are of the CV motor while the other are the servo-motor, the system has the so-called hybrid driver architecture

Zhang, WJ "Chris"

270

In Oklahoma and other parts of the Midwest, gasoline prices have been  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

's biomass for biofuels can improve profitability for farmers, enhance local economies, attract capital for the production of drop-in biofuels including propanol, butanol and hexanol. These higher alcohols can be converted with chemical catalysts to produce renewable gasoline, diesel and jet fuels. "We are advancing

Balasundaram, Balabhaskar "Baski"

271

Why Are Gasoline Prices Rising so Fast  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Statement of John Cook Statement of John Cook Before the Committee on Government Reform Subcommittee on Energy Policy, Natural Resources and Regulatory Affairs U.S. House of Representatives June 14, 2001 Thank you Mr. Chairman and members of the Committee for the opportunity to testify today. Gasoline prices have begun declining, as expected, from this spring's apparent peak price of $1.71 on May 14, with the national average for regular gasoline at $1.65 per gallon as of June 11 (Figure 1). Between late March and mid-May, retail prices rose 31 cents per gallon, with some regions experiencing even greater increases. Like last year, Midwest consumers saw some of the largest increases, and along with California, some of the highest prices. Prices in the Midwest increased 43 cents per

272

This Week In Petroleum Gasoline Section  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Regular Gasoline Retail Prices (Dollars per Gallon) Regular Gasoline Retail Prices (Dollars per Gallon) Retail Average Regular Gasoline Prices Petroleum Data Tables more data Most Recent Year Ago 11/04/13 11/11/13 11/18/13 11/25/13 12/02/13 12/09/13 12/16/13 12/17/12 U.S. 3.265 3.194 3.219 3.293 3.272 3.269 3.239 3.254 East Coast (PADD 1) 3.289 3.243 3.282 3.386 3.389 3.382 3.373 3.350 Midwest (PADD 2) 3.188 3.074 3.126 3.191 3.121 3.132 3.079 3.144 Gulf Coast (PADD 3) 3.030 2.978 3.004 3.140 3.124 3.104 3.047 3.045 Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) 3.307 3.227 3.183 3.145 3.113 3.077 3.055 3.211 West Coast (PADD 5) 3.564 3.507 3.467 3.457 3.475 3.477 3.472 3.457 Retail Conventional Regular Gasoline Prices Petroleum Data Tables more data Most Recent Year Ago 11/04/13 11/11/13 11/18/13 11/25/13 12/02/13 12/09/13 12/16/13

273

The Extraction of Gasoline from Natural Gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the quantitative estimation of the condensable gasoline consti- tuents of so-called rtwetn natural gas Three general lines of experimentation suggested themselves after a preliminary study of the problem. These were the separation of a liqui- fied sample... fractionation of a mixture of natural gases are, however, not available in the ordinary laboratory, so this method altho successful and accurate is hardly practical. Even after the fractionation of the gas has ^lebeau and Damiens in Chen. Abstr. 7, 1356...

Schroeder, J. P.

1914-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

274

European Lean Gasoline Direct Injection Vehicle Benchmark  

SciTech Connect

Lean Gasoline Direct Injection (LGDI) combustion is a promising technical path for achieving significant improvements in fuel efficiency while meeting future emissions requirements. Though Stoichiometric Gasoline Direct Injection (SGDI) technology is commercially available in a few vehicles on the American market, LGDI vehicles are not, but can be found in Europe. Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) obtained a European BMW 1-series fitted with a 2.0l LGDI engine. The vehicle was instrumented and commissioned on a chassis dynamometer. The engine and after-treatment performance and emissions were characterized over US drive cycles (Federal Test Procedure (FTP), the Highway Fuel Economy Test (HFET), and US06 Supplemental Federal Test Procedure (US06)) and steady state mappings. The vehicle micro hybrid features (engine stop-start and intelligent alternator) were benchmarked as well during the course of that study. The data was analyzed to quantify the benefits and drawbacks of the lean gasoline direct injection and micro hybrid technologies from a fuel economy and emissions perspectives with respect to the US market. Additionally that data will be formatted to develop, substantiate, and exercise vehicle simulations with conventional and advanced powertrains.

Chambon, Paul H [ORNL] [ORNL; Huff, Shean P [ORNL] [ORNL; Edwards, Kevin Dean [ORNL] [ORNL; Norman, Kevin M [ORNL] [ORNL; Prikhodko, Vitaly Y [ORNL] [ORNL; Thomas, John F [ORNL] [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Procedures, Methodology, and Coefficients of Variation Procedures, Methodology, and Coefficients of Variation Diesel Fuel Price Data Collection Procedures Every Monday, cash self-serve on-highway diesel prices (including taxes) are collected from a sample of approximately 400 retail diesel outlets in the continental U.S. The sample includes a combination of truck stops and service stations that sell on-highway diesel fuel. The data represent the price of ultra low sulfur diesel (ULSD) which contains less than 15 parts-per-million sulfur. The prices are collected via telephone, fax, email, or the internet from participating outlets. All collected prices are subjected to automated edit checks during data collection and data processing. Data flagged by the edits are verified with the respondents. Imputation is used for companies

276

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Price Data Collection Procedures Price Data Collection Procedures Every Monday, cash self-serve on-highway diesel prices (including taxes) are collected from a sample of approximately 400 retail diesel outlets in the continental U.S. The sample includes a combination of truck stops and service stations that sell on-highway diesel fuel. The data represent the price of ultra low sulfur diesel (ULSD) which contains less than 15 parts-per-million sulfur. The prices are collected via telephone, fax, email, or the internet from participating outlets. All collected prices are subjected to automated edit checks during data collection and data processing. Data flagged by the edits are verified with the respondents. Imputation is used for companies that cannot be contacted and for reported prices that are extreme outliers.

277

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Sampling Methodology Sampling Methodology The respondents reporting to the weekly diesel price survey represent a stratified probability proportional to size (PPS) sample selected from a frame list of retail outlets. The outlet sampling frame was constructed using commercially available lists from several sources in order to provide comprehensive coverage of truck stops and service stations that sell on-highway diesel fuel in the United States. The frame includes about 62,000 service stations and 4,000 truck stops. Due to statistical and operational considerations, outlets in the States of Alaska and Hawaii are excluded from the target population. The primary publication cells of the survey include Petroleum Administration for Defense Districts (PADDs) 2-4, three sub-PADDs within

278

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Price Data Collection Procedures Price Data Collection Procedures Every Monday, retail on-highway diesel prices are collected by telephone and fax from a sample of approximately 350 retail diesel outlets, including truck stops and service stations. The data represent the price of ultra low sulfur diesel (ULSD) which contains less than 15 parts-per-million sulfur. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) requires that all on-highway diesel sold be ULSD by December 1, 2010 (September 1, 2006 in California). In January 2007, the weekly on-highway diesel price survey began collecting diesel prices for low sulfur diesel (LSD) which contains between 15 and 500 parts-per-million sulfur and ULSD separately. Prior to January 2007, EIA collected the price of on-highway fuel without distinguishing the sulfur

279

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #491: October 15, 2007 Gasoline Prices:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1: October 15, 1: October 15, 2007 Gasoline Prices: U.S. and Selected European Countries to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #491: October 15, 2007 Gasoline Prices: U.S. and Selected European Countries on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #491: October 15, 2007 Gasoline Prices: U.S. and Selected European Countries on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #491: October 15, 2007 Gasoline Prices: U.S. and Selected European Countries on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #491: October 15, 2007 Gasoline Prices: U.S. and Selected European Countries on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #491: October 15, 2007 Gasoline Prices: U.S. and Selected European Countries on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #491:

280

Demand and Price Outlook for Phase 2 Reformulated Gasoline, 2000  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Demand and Price Outlook for Demand and Price Outlook for Phase 2 Reformulated Gasoline, 2000 Tancred Lidderdale and Aileen Bohn (1) Contents * Summary * Introduction * Reformulated Gasoline Demand * Oxygenate Demand * Logistics o Interstate Movements and Storage o Local Distribution o Phase 2 RFG Logistics o Possible Opt-Ins to the RFG Program o State Low Sulfur, Low RVP Gasoline Initiatives o NAAQS o Tier 2 Gasoline * RFG Production Options o Toxic Air Pollutants (TAP) Reduction o Nitrogen Oxides (NOx) Reduction o Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) Reduction o Summary of RFG Production Options * Costs of Reformulated Gasoline o Phase 1 RFG Price Premium o California Clean Gasoline Price Premium o Phase 2 RFG Price Premium o Reduced Fuel Economy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline includes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Energy Department Announces First Regional Gasoline Reserve to...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Ernest Moniz today announced the creation of the first federal regional refined petroleum product reserve containing gasoline. Based on the Energy Department's lessons...

282

Impacts of Ethanol in Gasoline on Subsurface Contamination.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The increasing use of ethanol as a gasoline additive has raised concerns over the potential impacts ethanol might have on groundwater contamination. In North America, (more)

Freitas, Juliana Gardenalli de

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

TRUCK ROUTING PROBLEM IN DISTRIBUTION OF GASOLINE TO GAS STATIONS.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis aims at finding a daily routing plan for a fleet of vehicles delivering gasoline to gas stations for an oil company, satisfying all (more)

Janakiraman, Swagath

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Gasoline Ultra Fuel Efficient Vehicle | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

1 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation ace064confer2011o.pdf More Documents & Publications Gasoline...

285

Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting ace063smith2012o.pdf More Documents & Publications Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel...

286

Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation ace063smith2011o.pdf More Documents & Publications Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel...

287

Reductant Chemistry during LNT Regeneration for a Lean Gasoline...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Oak Ridge National Laboratory VW Scholar at the University of Tennessee Reductant Chemistry during LNT Regeneration for a Lean Gasoline Engine Poster P-09 2010 DEER Directions...

288

Gasoline-Like Fuel Effects on Advanced Combustion Regimes | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Regimes Gasoline-Like Fuel Effects on Advanced Combustion Regimes 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer...

289

Gasoline-like fuel effects on advanced combustion regimes | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

regimes Gasoline-like fuel effects on advanced combustion regimes 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer...

290

Geographic Area Month Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Month Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End...

291

REPLACING AN OVERSIZED AND UNDERLOADED ELECTRIC MOTOR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This fact sheet will assist in decisions regarding replacement of oversized and underloaded motors. It includes a discussion of how the MotorMaster software can be used to conduct motor replacement analyses. Motors rarely operate at their full-load point. Field tests of 60 motors at four industrial plants indicate that, on average, they operate at 60 % of their rated load. 1 Motors that drive supply or return air fans in heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems generally operate at 70 % to 75 % of rated load. 2 A persistent myth is that oversized motors, especially motors operating below 50 % of rated load, are not efficient and should be immediately replaced with appropriately sized energy-efficient units. In actuality, several pieces of information are required to complete an accurate assessment of energy savings. They are the load on the motor, the operating efficiency of the motor at that load point, the full-load speed (in revolutions per minute [rpm]) of the motor to be replaced, and the full-load speed of the downsized replacement motor. 3 Motor Load Estimation Techniques Operating efficiency and motor load values must be assumed or based on field measurements and

unknown authors

292

Chemical kinetic modeling of component mixtures relevant to gasoline  

SciTech Connect

Detailed kinetic models of pyrolysis and combustion of hydrocarbon fuels are nowadays widely used in the design of internal combustion engines and these models are effectively applied to help meet the increasingly stringent environmental and energetic standards. In previous studies by the combustion community, such models not only contributed to the understanding of pure component combustion, but also provided a deeper insight into the combustion behavior of complex mixtures. One of the major challenges in this field is now the definition and the development of appropriate surrogate models able to mimic the actual features of real fuels. Real fuels are complex mixtures of thousands of hydrocarbon compounds including linear and branched paraffins, naphthenes, olefins and aromatics. Their behavior can be effectively reproduced by simpler fuel surrogates containing a limited number of components. Aside the most commonly used surrogates containing iso-octane and n-heptane only, the so called Primary Reference Fuels (PRF), new mixtures have recently been suggested to extend the reference components in surrogate mixtures to also include alkenes and aromatics. It is generally agreed that, including representative species for all the main classes of hydrocarbons which can be found in real fuels, it is possible to reproduce very effectively in a wide range of operating conditions not just the auto-ignition propensity of gasoline or Diesel fuels, but also their physical properties and their combustion residuals [1]. In this work, the combustion behavior of several components relevant to gasoline surrogate formulation is computationally examined. The attention is focused on the autoignition of iso-octane, hexene and their mixtures. Some important issues relevant to the experimental and modeling investigation of such fuels are discussed with the help of rapid compression machine data and calculations. Following the model validation, the behavior of mixtures is discussed on the basis of computational results.

Mehl, M; Curran, H J; Pitz, W J; Dooley, S; Westbrook, C K

2008-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

293

System and method for motor speed estimation of an electric motor  

SciTech Connect

A system and method for a motor management system includes a computer readable storage medium and a processing unit. The processing unit configured to determine a voltage value of a voltage input to an alternating current (AC) motor, determine a frequency value of at least one of a voltage input and a current input to the AC motor, determine a load value from the AC motor, and access a set of motor nameplate data, where the set of motor nameplate data includes a rated power, a rated speed, a rated frequency, and a rated voltage of the AC motor. The processing unit is also configured to estimate a motor speed based on the voltage value, the frequency value, the load value, and the set of nameplate data and also store the motor speed on the computer readable storage medium.

Lu, Bin (Kenosha, WI); Yan, Ting (Brookfield, WI); Luebke, Charles John (Sussex, WI); Sharma, Santosh Kumar (Viman Nagar, IN)

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

294

Motorized control for mirror mount apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A motorized control and automatic braking system for adjusting mirror mount apparatus is disclosed. The motor control includes a planetary gear arrangement to provide improved pitch adjustment capability while permitting a small packaged design. The motor control for mirror mount adjustment is suitable for laser beam propagation applications. The brake is a system of constant contact, floating detents which engage the planetary gear at selected between-teeth increments to stop rotation instantaneously when the drive motor stops.

Cutburth, Ronald W. (Tracy, CA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Clearing the Air? The Effects of Gasoline Content Regulation on Air Quality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

15 for retail gasoline stations and May 1 September 15 forof one if retail gasoline stations in county c are requiredseason for retail gasoline distribution stations is June 1 -

Auffhammer, Maximilian; Kellogg, Ryan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Do Gasoline Prices Resond Asymmetrically to Cost Shocks? The Confounding Effect of Edgeworth Cycles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

t as determined by gasoline stations is unlikely to beshows a map of all gasoline stations i n central and easterni n Figure 5: Toronto Gasoline Stations Canadian cents per

Noel, Michael

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Elucidating secondary organic aerosol from diesel and gasoline vehicles through detailed characterization of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Elucidating secondary organic aerosol from diesel and gasoline vehicles through detailed 19, 2012 (received for review July 22, 2012) Emissions from gasoline and diesel vehicles composition, mass distribu- tion, and organic aerosol formation potential of emissions from gasoline

Silver, Whendee

298

Improving Accuracy in the Determination of Aromatics in Gasoline by Gas ChromatographyMass Spectrometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......was composed of five gasoline blendstocks: light straight run (LSR) naphtha...consisted of the 21 gasoline fuels used in various...naphtha; LSR, light straight run naphtha; reformate...Because these common gasoline blendstocks contain......

Michael D. Mathiesen; Axel J. Lubeck

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Blended Straight-Run Gasolines with Composite Additives Containing Watery Ethanol  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cranking and antiknock properties of gasoline-alcohol blends based on straight-run gasoline with additives containing watery ethanol and other ... components are studied. The composition of the gasoline-alcohol b...

Yu. O. Beiko; A. P. Pavlovskii; O. A. Beiko

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Technoeconomic Comparison of Biofuels: Ethanol, Methanol, and Gasoline from Gasification of Woody Residues (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation provides a technoeconomic comparison of three biofuels - ethanol, methanol, and gasoline - produced by gasification of woody biomass residues. The presentation includes a brief discussion of the three fuels evaluated; discussion of equivalent feedstock and front end processes; discussion of back end processes for each fuel; process comparisons of efficiencies, yields, and water usage; and economic assumptions and results, including a plant gate price (PGP) for each fuel.

Tarud, J.; Phillips, S.

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline includes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Advanced Motors  

SciTech Connect

Project Summary Transportation energy usage is predicted to increase substantially by 2020. Hybrid vehicles and fuel cell powered vehicles are destined to become more prominent as fuel prices rise with the demand. Hybrid and fuel cell vehicle platforms are both dependent on high performance electric motors. Electric motors for transportation duty will require sizeable low-speed torque to accelerate the vehicle. As motor speed increases, the torque requirement decreases which results in a nearly constant power motor output. Interior permanent magnet synchronous motors (IPMSM) are well suited for this duty. , , These rotor geometries are configured in straight lines and semi circular arc shapes. These designs are of limited configurations because of the lack of availability of permanent magnets of any other shapes at present. We propose to fabricate rotors via a novel processing approach where we start with magnet powders and compact them into a net shape rotor in a single step. Using this approach, widely different rotor designs can be implemented for efficiency. The current limitation on magnet shape and thickness will be eliminated. This is accomplished by co-filling magnet and soft iron powders at specified locations in intricate shapes using specially designed dies and automatic powder filling station. The process fundamentals for accomplishing occurred under a previous Applied Technology Program titled, ???????????????¢????????????????????????????????Motors and Generators for the 21st Century???????????????¢???????????????????????????????. New efficient motor designs that are not currently possible (or cost prohibitive) can be accomplished by this approach. Such an approach to motor fabrication opens up a new dimension in motor design. Feasibility Results We were able to optimize a IPMSM rotor to take advantage of the powder co-filling and DMC compaction processing methods. The minimum low speed torque requirement of 5 N-m can be met through an optimized design with magnet material having a Br capability of 0.2 T. This level of magnetic performance can be met with a variety of bonded magnet compositions. The torque ripple was found to drop significantly by using thinner magnet segments. The powder co-filling and subsequent compaction processing allow for thinner magnet structures to be formed. Torque ripple can be further reduced by using skewing and pole shaping techniques. The techniques can be incorporated into the rotor during the powder co-filling process.

Knoth, Edward A.; Chelluri, Bhanumathi; Schumaker, Edward J.

2012-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

302

Segmented rail linear induction motor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A segmented rail linear induction motor has a segmented rail consisting of a plurality of nonferrous electrically conductive segments aligned along a guideway. The motor further includes a carriage including at least one pair of opposed coils fastened to the carriage for moving the carriage. A power source applies an electric current to the coils to induce currents in the conductive surfaces to repel the coils from adjacent edges of the conductive surfaces.

Cowan, Jr., Maynard (1107 Stagecoach Rd. SE., Albuquerque, NM 87123); Marder, Barry M. (1412 Pinnacle View Dr. NE., Albuquerque, NM 87123)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Segmented rail linear induction motor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A segmented rail linear induction motor has a segmented rail consisting of a plurality of nonferrous electrically conductive segments aligned along a guideway. The motor further includes a carriage including at least one pair of opposed coils fastened to the carriage for moving the carriage. A power source applies an electric current to the coils to induce currents in the conductive surfaces to repel the coils from adjacent edges of the conductive surfaces. 6 figs.

Cowan, M. Jr.; Marder, B.M.

1996-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

304

Advanced Particulate Filter Technologies for Direct Injection Gasoline Engine Applications  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Specific designs and material properties have to be developed for gasoline particulate filters based on the different engine and exhaust gas characteristic of gasoline engines compared to diesel engines, e.g., generally lower levels of engine-out particulate emissions or higher GDI exhaust gas temperatures

305

Author's personal copy Gasoline prices and traffic safety in Mississippi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Drive SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA a b s t r a c ta r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 9-grade unleaded gasoline price data from the Energy Information Administration of the U.S. Department of EnergyAuthor's personal copy Gasoline prices and traffic safety in Mississippi Guangqing Chi a, , Arthur

Levinson, David M.

306

Fact #858 February 2, 2015 Retail Gasoline Prices in 2014 Experienced...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

8 February 2, 2015 Retail Gasoline Prices in 2014 Experienced the Largest Decline since 2008 Fact 858 February 2, 2015 Retail Gasoline Prices in 2014 Experienced the Largest...

307

SwRI's HEDGE Technology for High Efficiency, Low Emissions Gasoline...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

SwRI's HEDGE Technology for High Efficiency, Low Emissions Gasoline Engines SwRI's HEDGE Technology for High Efficiency, Low Emissions Gasoline Engines Presentation given at the...

308

Different Factors Impact Different Aspects of Gasoline Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 Notes: In order to illustrate and quantify, to a large extent, the various market forces driving gasoline prices, we begin by decomposing those factors according to their location within the supply chain, i.e., the international crude market, U.S. wholesale gasoline markets, and the retail segment. Historically, variation in gasoline prices usually stems from changes in crude oil prices. As the major feedstock in the production of gasoline, shifts in the balance between supply and demand in crude markets explain a large portion of observed movements at the retail level. But shifts in the wholesale gasoline supply/demand balance also contribute to price pressure or movements at both the wholesale and retail levels beyond that stemming from crude oil markets.

309

Integrated process offers lower gas-to-gasoline investment  

SciTech Connect

Many natural gas fields are in remote locations and of a size which cannot justify construction of a pipeline or liquified natural gas (LNG) plant. In these situations, the natural gas price can be low and the manufacture of gasoline an attractive alternative to producing ammonia or other petro-chemicals. Haldor Topsoe A/S has developed an integrated process scheme to convert natural-gas-derived synthesis gas to gasoline in a single loop. The process, Topsoe integrated gasoline synthesis (Tigas), incorporates Mobil's methanol-to-gasoline (MTG) process. The first step is a synthesis of oxygenates. The second step is the MTG process run at conditions selected to achieve optimum operation of the integrated loop. An industrial pilot plant has been in operation since January 1984. The plant has been running successfully, with long catalyst life, producing high-octane gasoline.

Topp-Jorgensen, J.; Rostrup-Nielsen, J.R.

1986-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

310

Lean Gasoline Engine Reductant Chemistry During Lean NOx Trap Regeneration  

SciTech Connect

Lean NOx Trap (LNT) catalysts can effectively reduce NOx from lean engine exhaust. Significant research for LNTs in diesel engine applications has been performed and has led to commercialization of the technology. For lean gasoline engine applications, advanced direct injection engines have led to a renewed interest in the potential for lean gasoline vehicles and, thereby, a renewed demand for lean NOx control. To understand the gasoline-based reductant chemistry during regeneration, a BMW lean gasoline vehicle has been studied on a chassis dynamometer. Exhaust samples were collected and analyzed for key reductant species such as H2, CO, NH3, and hydrocarbons during transient drive cycles. The relation of the reductant species to LNT performance will be discussed. Furthermore, the challenges of NOx storage in the lean gasoline application are reviewed.

Choi, Jae-Soon [ORNL] [ORNL; Prikhodko, Vitaly Y [ORNL] [ORNL; Partridge Jr, William P [ORNL] [ORNL; Parks, II, James E [ORNL; Norman, Kevin M [ORNL] [ORNL; Huff, Shean P [ORNL] [ORNL; Chambon, Paul H [ORNL] [ORNL; Thomas, John F [ORNL] [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Motor System Upgrades Smooth the Way to Savings of $700,000 at Chevron Refinery  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Chevron, the largest U.S. refiner operating six gasoline-producing refineries, completed a motor system efficiency improvement project in 1997 at its Richmond, California, refinery that resulted in savings of $700,000 annually. This two-page fact sheet describes how they achieved the savings.

312

Comparative urban drive cycle simulations of light-duty hybrid vehicles with gasoline or diesel engines and emissions controls  

SciTech Connect

Electric hybridization is a very effective approach for reducing fuel consumption in light-duty vehicles. Lean combustion engines (including diesels) have also been shown to be significantly more fuel efficient than stoichiometric gasoline engines. Ideally, the combination of these two technologies would result in even more fuel efficient vehicles. However, one major barrier to achieving this goal is the implementation of lean-exhaust aftertreatment that can meet increasingly stringent emissions regulations without heavily penalizing fuel efficiency. We summarize results from comparative simulations of hybrid electric vehicles with either stoichiometric gasoline or diesel engines that include state-of-the-art aftertreatment emissions controls for both stoichiometric and lean exhaust. Fuel consumption and emissions for comparable gasoline and diesel light-duty hybrid electric vehicles were compared over a standard urban drive cycle and potential benefits for utilizing diesel hybrids were identified. Technical barriers and opportunities for improving the efficiency of diesel hybrids were identified.

Gao, Zhiming [ORNL] [ORNL; Daw, C Stuart [ORNL] [ORNL; Smith, David E [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

MotorMaster+ Software Tool Brochure  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This brochure provides information on AMO's MotorMaster+ software tool, including how it works, next steps, and how to access it.

314

Gasoline prices, gasoline consumption, and new-vehicle fuel economy: Evidence for a large sample of countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Countries differ considerably in terms of the price drivers pay for gasoline. This paper uses data for 132 countries for the period 19952008 to investigate the implications of these differences for the consumption of gasoline for road transport. To address the potential for simultaneity bias, we use both a country's oil reserves and the international crude oil price as instruments for a country's average gasoline pump price. We obtain estimates of the long-run price elasticity of gasoline demand of between ?0.2 and ?0.5. Using newly available data for a sub-sample of 43 countries, we also find that higher gasoline prices induce consumers to substitute to vehicles that are more fuel-efficient, with an estimated elasticity of +0.2. Despite the small size of our elasticity estimates, there is considerable scope for low-price countries to achieve gasoline savings and vehicle fuel economy improvements via reducing gasoline subsidies and/or increasing gasoline taxes.

Paul J. Burke; Shuhei Nishitateno

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

GASOLINE VEHICLE EXHAUST PARTICLE SAMPLING STUDY  

SciTech Connect

The University of Minnesota collaborated with the Paul Scherrer Institute, the University of Wisconsin (UWI) and Ricardo, Inc to physically and chemically characterize the exhaust plume from recruited gasoline spark ignition (SI) vehicles. The project objectives were: (1) Measure representative particle size distributions from a set of on-road SI vehicles and compare these data to similar data collected on a small subset of light-duty gasoline vehicles tested on a chassis dynamometer with a dilution tunnel using the Unified Drive Cycle, at both room temperature (cold start) and 0 C (cold-cold start). (2) Compare data collected from SI vehicles to similar data collected from Diesel engines during the Coordinating Research Council E-43 project. (3) Characterize on-road aerosol during mixed midweek traffic and Sunday midday periods and determine fleet-specific emission rates. (4) Characterize bulk- and size-segregated chemical composition of the particulate matter (PM) emitted in the exhaust from the gasoline vehicles. Particle number concentrations and size distributions are strongly influenced by dilution and sampling conditions. Laboratory methods were evaluated to dilute SI exhaust in a way that would produce size distributions that were similar to those measured during laboratory experiments. Size fractionated samples were collected for chemical analysis using a nano-microorifice uniform deposit impactor (nano-MOUDI). In addition, bulk samples were collected and analyzed. A mixture of low, mid and high mileage vehicles were recruited for testing during the study. Under steady highway cruise conditions a significant particle signature above background was not measured, but during hard accelerations number size distributions for the test fleet were similar to modern heavy-duty Diesel vehicles. Number emissions were much higher at high speed and during cold-cold starts. Fuel specific number emissions range from 1012 to 3 x 1016 particles/kg fuel. A simple relationship between number and mass emissions was not observed. Data were collected on-road to compare weekday with weekend air quality around the Twin Cities area. This portion of the study resulted in the development of a method to apportion the Diesel and SI contribution to on-road aerosol.

Kittelson, D; Watts, W; Johnson, J; Zarling, D Schauer,J Kasper, K; Baltensperger, U; Burtscher, H

2003-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

316

2003 California Gasoline Price Study (preliminary version)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 2003 California Gasoline Price Study: Preliminary Findings May 2003 Office of Oil and Gas Energy Information Administration U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or of any other organization. Contacts and Acknowledgments This report was prepared by the Office of Oil and Gas of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) under the direction of John Cook, Director, Petroleum Division. Questions concerning the report may be directed to Joanne Shore (202/586-4677),

317

This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

data for the week ending April 16, showed total motor gasoline inventories (including gasoline blending components) had increased by 1.6 million barrels from the previous week....

318

Optimal Fractionation of Products of Refining Straight-run Gasoline on Zeolite Catalyst with Account of its Deactivation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Flowsheet of industrial refining straight-run gasoline on zeolite catalyst includes the necessary stage of fractionation of conversion products to produce commercial gasoline, gas and heavy residue. Changes in qualitative and quantitative compositions of the catalytic conversion products under catalyst deactivation require current parametrical optimization of this stage. Objective functions that take into account catalyst deactivation and the constrains depending on the requirements for product quality and equipment specifications were developed. Optimal conditions were found to differ significantly from those designed for fresh catalyst.

M.A. Samborskaya; E.A. Laktionova; A.V. Wolf; V.V. Mashina; A.A. Syskina

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Submersible canned motor mixer pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A mixer pump used in a waste tank for mobilizing high-level radioactive liquid waste having a column assembly containing power cables, a motor housing with electric motor means which includes a stator can of a stator assembly and a rotor can of a rotor assembly, and an impeller assembly with an impeller connected to a shaft of the rotor assembly. The column assembly locates the motor housing with the electric motor means adjacent to the impeller which creates an hydraulic head, and which forces the liquid waste into the motor housing to cool the electric motor means and to lubricate radial and thrust bearing assemblies. Hard-on-hard bearing surfaces of the bearing assemblies and a ring assembly between the impeller and electric motor means act to grind down large particles in the liquid waste flow. These larger particles are received in slots in the static bearing members of the radial bearing assemblies. Only solid waste particles smaller than the clearances in the system can pass therethrough, thereby resisting damage to and the interruption of the operation of the mixer pump.

Guardiani, Richard F. (Ohio Township, PA); Pollick, Richard D. (Sarver, PA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Submersible canned motor mixer pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A mixer pump is described used in a waste tank for mobilizing high-level radioactive liquid waste having a column assembly containing power cables, a motor housing with electric motor means which includes a stator can of a stator assembly and a rotor can of a rotor assembly, and an impeller assembly with an impeller connected to a shaft of the rotor assembly. The column assembly locates the motor housing with the electric motor means adjacent to the impeller which creates an hydraulic head, and which forces the liquid waste into the motor housing to cool the electric motor means and to lubricate radial and thrust bearing assemblies. Hard-on-hard bearing surfaces of the bearing assemblies and a ring assembly between the impeller and electric motor means act to grind down large particles in the liquid waste flow. These larger particles are received in slots in the static bearing members of the radial bearing assemblies. Only solid waste particles smaller than the clearances in the system can pass there through, thereby resisting damage to and the interruption of the operation of the mixer pump. 10 figs.

Guardiani, R.F.; Pollick, R.D.

1997-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline includes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Kinetic Modeling of Gasoline Surrogate Components and Mixtures under Engine Conditions  

SciTech Connect

Real fuels are complex mixtures of thousands of hydrocarbon compounds including linear and branched paraffins, naphthenes, olefins and aromatics. It is generally agreed that their behavior can be effectively reproduced by simpler fuel surrogates containing a limited number of components. In this work, an improved version of the kinetic model by the authors is used to analyze the combustion behavior of several components relevant to gasoline surrogate formulation. Particular attention is devoted to linear and branched saturated hydrocarbons (PRF mixtures), olefins (1-hexene) and aromatics (toluene). Model predictions for pure components, binary mixtures and multicomponent gasoline surrogates are compared with recent experimental information collected in rapid compression machine, shock tube and jet stirred reactors covering a wide range of conditions pertinent to internal combustion engines (3-50 atm, 650-1200K, stoichiometric fuel/air mixtures). Simulation results are discussed focusing attention on the mixing effects of the fuel components.

Mehl, M; Pitz, W J; Westbrook, C K; Curran, H J

2010-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

322

New EPA Fuel Economy and Environment Label - Gasoline Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gasoline Vehicles Gasoline Vehicles Gasoline Vehicles Fuel Economy In addition to the MPG estimates displayed on previous labels, combined city/highway fuel use is also given in terms of gallons per 100 miles. New! Fuel Economy & Greenhouse Gas Rating Use this scale to compare vehicles based on tailpipe greenhouse gas emissions, which contribute to climate change. New! Smog Rating You can now compare vehicles based on tailpipe emissions of smog-forming air pollutants. New! Five-Year Fuel Savings This compares the five-year fuel cost of the vehicle to that of an average gasoline vehicle. The assumptions used to calculate these costs are listed at the bottom of the label. Annual Fuel Cost This cost is based on the combined city/highway MPG estimate and assumptions about driving and fuel prices listed at the bottom of the

323

Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Small Car Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: ATP-LD; Cummins Next Generation Tier 2 Bin 2 Diesel Engine...

324

FedEx Express Gasoline Hybrid Electric Delivery Truck Evaluation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

vehicles currently in service. FedEx Express has deployed 20 gasoline hybrid electric vehicles (gHEVs) on parcel delivery routes in the Sacramento and Los Angeles areas. This...

325

U.S. gasoline prices increase slightly (short version)  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

average retail price for regular gasoline rose slightly to 3.55 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S....

326

U.S. gasoline prices continue to increase (short version)  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to 3.68 a gallon on Monday. That's up 4 12 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy...

327

U.S. gasoline prices continue to increase (short version)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

average retail price for regular gasoline rose to 3.61 a gallon on Labor Day Monday. That's up 5.6 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy...

328

U.S. gasoline prices increase slightly (long version)  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

average retail price for regular gasoline rose slightly to 3.36 a gallon on Monday. That's up 6-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S....

329

U.S. gasoline prices continue to decrease (short version)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to 3.51 a gallon on Monday. That's down a penny from a week ago and down 13 cents from a month ago, based on the weekly...

330

U.S. average gasoline price up slightly  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

average retail price for regular gasoline rose slightly to 3.65 a gallon on Monday. That's up a tenth of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S....

331

U.S. gasoline prices increase slightly (short version)  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

average retail price for regular gasoline rose slightly to 3.36 a gallon on Monday. That's up 6-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S....

332

U.S. gasoline prices continue to increase (long version)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to 3.68 a gallon on Monday. That's up 4 12 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy...

333

U.S. Gasoline prices continue to increase (long version)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

average retail price for regular gasoline rose to 3.61 a gallon on Labor Day Monday. That's up 5.6 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy...

334

High compression ratio turbo gasoline engine operation using alcohol enhancement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gasoline - ethanol blends were explored as a strategy to mitigate engine knock, a phenomena in spark ignition engine combustion when a portion of the end gas is compressed to the point of spontaneous auto-ignition. This ...

Lewis, Raymond (Raymond A.)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Gasoline Prices, Fuel Economy, and the Energy Paradox  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is often asserted that consumers purchasing automobiles or other goods and services underweight the costs of gasoline or other "add-ons." We test this hypothesis in the US automobile market by examining the effects of ...

Wozny, Nathan

336

Demand and Price Volatility: Rational Habits in International Gasoline Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

analysis of the demand for oil in the Middle East. EnergyEstimates elasticity of demand for crude oil, not gasoline.World crude oil and natural gas: a demand and supply model.

Scott, K. Rebecca

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Demand and Price Uncertainty: Rational Habits in International Gasoline Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

analysis of the demand for oil in the Middle East. EnergyEstimates elasticity of demand for crude oil, not gasoline.World crude oil and natural gas: a demand and supply model.

Scott, K. Rebecca

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

The relation of octane number, compression ratio, and exhaust temperature in the gasoline engine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE RELATION OF OCTANE NUMHER& COMPRESSION RATIO& AND EXHAUST TEMPERATURE IN THE GASOLINE ENGINE A Tbeaie Donald George Jentsch THE RELATION OF OCTANE NUMBER, COMHKSSION RATIO, EXHAUST TEMPERATURE IN THE GASOLINE ENGINE By Donald George... throttle settings) a. Table VI - Aviation Gasolines 22 26 b. Table VI (a) ? Automotive Gasolines . . . 33 2. Spark set for maximum power at full throttle (Speed 2000 RPH at various throttle settings) a. Table VII ? Aviation Gasolines . . . . . 34 b...

Jentsch, Donald George

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

339

CO2 Emission Benefit of Diesel (versus Gasoline) Powered Vehicles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Increased penetration of diesel powered vehicles into the market is a possible transition strategy toward a more sustainable transportation system. ... We report herein a quantitative analysis of the CO2 emission benefits of diesel vehicles versus their gasoline equivalents for 2001 MY and 2015 MY in European and North American markets. ... However, more stringent tailpipe NOx emissions standards are likely to have a greater negative impact on diesel engines, further reducing the advantages of future diesels relative to gasoline engines. ...

J. L. Sullivan; R. E. Baker; B. A. Boyer; R. H. Hammerle; T. E. Kenney; L. Muniz; T. J. Wallington

2004-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

340

Determination of lead in gasoline by atomic absorption spectroscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A procedure has been developed for the direct determination of lead in gasoline by atomic absorption spectroscopy. This procedure is rapid, does not require expensive equipment, is remarkably free from interference by other trace elements present, and allows considerable variation in the sulfur and nitrogen content of the gasoline. It compares favorably with other existing procedures for this determination, such as X-ray fluorescence, wet chemical methods, and flame photometry.

J.W. Robinson

1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline includes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Conversion of methane and acetylene into gasoline range hydrocarbons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CONVERSION OF METHANE AND ACETYLENE INTO GASOLINE RANGE HYDROCARBONS A Thesis by AMMAR ALKHAWALDEH Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE May 2000 Major Subject: Chemical Engineering CONVERSION OF METHANE AND ACETYLENE INTO GASOLINE RANGE HYDROCARBONS A Thesis by AMMAR ALKHAWALDEH Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment...

Alkhawaldeh, Ammar

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

342

Gasoline Engine Economy as Affected by the Time of Ignition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

KU ScholarWorks | The University of Kansas Pre-1923 Dissertations and Theses Collection Gasoline Engine Economy as Affected by the Time of Ignition 1907 by George Jay Hopkins This work was digitized by the Scholarly Communications program staff... in the KU Libraries Center for Digital Scholarship. http://kuscholarworks.ku.edu Submitted to the University of Kansas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Bachelor of Science GASOLINE ENCUNE ECONOMY as Affected W the Time...

Hopkins, George Jay

1907-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Gas-chromatographic analysis of straight-run gasolines  

SciTech Connect

A method has been developed for the gas chromatographic determination of the individual hydrocarbons in a wide fraction of straight-run gasoline, using a simple chromatograph equipped with two capillary columns coated with stationary phases of differing polarity in conjunction with a system for the automated treatment of the data. About 150 hydrocarbons present in straight-run gasolines were identified; their retention indices were calculated for a linear temperature programmed regime.

Kvasova, V.A.; Leont'eva, S.A.; Grinberg, A.A.; Rabinovich, A.B.; Shurygina, N.N.

1986-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

344

Production of synthetic gasoline and diesel fuel from nonpetroleum resources  

SciTech Connect

In late 1985, the New Zealand Gas-to-Gasoline Complex was successfully streamed producing high octane gasoline from natural gas. The heart of this complex is the Mobil fixed-bed Methanol-to-Gasoline (MTG) section which represents one of several newly developed technologies for production of synthetic gasoline and diesel fuels. All of these technologies are based on production of methanol by conventional technology, followed by conversion of the methanol to transportation fuel. The fixed-bed (MTG) process has been developed and commercialized. The fluid-bed version of the MTG process, which is now also available for commercial license, has a higher thermal efficiency and possesses substantial yield and octane number advantages over the fixed-bed. Successful scale-up was completed in 1984 in a 100 BPD semi-works plant in Wesseling, Federal Republic of Germany. The project was funded jointly by the U.S. and German governments and by the industrial participants: Mobil, Union Rheinsche Braunkohlen Kraftstoff, AG; and Uhde, GmbH. This fluid-bed MTG project was extended recently to demonstrate a related fluid-bed process for selective conversion of methanol to olefins (MTO). The MTO process can be combined with Mobil's commercially available olefins conversion process (Mobil-Olefins-to-Gasoline-and-Distillate, MOGD) for coproduction of high quality gasoline and distillate via methanol. This MTO process was also successfully demonstrated at the Wesseling semiworks with this project being completed in late 1985.

Tabak, S.A.; Avidan, A.A.; Krambeck, F.J.

1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Conversion of gas-condensate straight-run gasolines to high-octane gasolines over zeolite catalysts modified with metal nanopowders  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The acid and catalytic properties of zeolite catalysts modified with metal nanopowders (Cu, Zn, and W) were studied in the conversion of gas-condensate straight-run gasolines to high-liquid high-octane gasolines ...

V. I. Erofeev; A. S. Medvedev; I. S. Khomyakov

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Combustion behavior of gasoline and gasoline/ethanol blends in a modern direct-injection 4-cylinder engine.  

SciTech Connect

Early in 2007 President Bush announced in his State of the Union Address a plan to off-set 20% of gasoline with alternative fuels in the next ten years. Ethanol, due to its excellent fuel properties for example, high octane number, renewable character, etc., appears to be a favorable alternative fuel from an engine perspective. Replacing gasoline with ethanol without any additional measures results in unacceptable disadvantages mainly in terms of vehicle range.

Wallner, T.; Miers, S. A. (Energy Systems)

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Energy-Efficient Electric Motor Selection Handbook  

SciTech Connect

Substantial reductions in energy and operational costs can be achieved through the use of energy-efficient electric motors. A handbook was compiled to help industry identify opportunities for cost-effective application of these motors. It covers the economic and operational factors to be considered when motor purchase decisions are being made. Its audience includes plant managers, plant engineers, and others interested in energy management or preventative maintenance programs.

McCoy, Gilbert A.; Litman, Todd; Douglass, John G.

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Rare-Earth-Free Traction Motor: Rare Earth-Free Traction Motor for Electric Vehicle Applications  

SciTech Connect

REACT Project: Baldor will develop a new type of traction motor with the potential to efficiently power future generations of EVs. Unlike todays large, bulky EV motors which use expensive, imported rare-earth-based magnets, Baldors motor could be light, compact, contain no rare earth materials, and have the potential to deliver more torque at a substantially lower cost. Key innovations in this project include the use of a unique motor design, incorporation of an improved cooling system, and the development of advanced materials manufacturing techniques. These innovations could significantly reduce the cost of an electric motor.

None

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Converting the Sun's Heat to Gasoline Solar Fuel Corporation is a clean tech company transforming the way gasoline, diesel and hydrogen fuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Converting the Sun's Heat to Gasoline Solar Fuel Corporation is a clean tech company transforming the way gasoline, diesel and hydrogen fuels are created and produced. The company has a proprietary technology for converting solar thermal en- ergy (the sun's heat) to fuel (e.g., gasoline, diesel, hydrogen

Jawitz, James W.

350

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Retail Gasoline and Diesel Surveys Retail Gasoline and Diesel Surveys Definitions Key Terms Definition Conventional Area Any area that does not require the sale of reformulated gasoline. All types of finished motor gasoline may be sold in this area. Conventional Gasoline Finished motor gasoline not included in the reformulated gasoline category. Excludes reformulated gasoline blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB) as well as other blendstock. Note: this survey designates all motor gasoline collected within a conventional area as conventional gasoline (see conventional area). Gasoline Grades The classification of gasoline by octane ratings. Each type of gasoline (conventional and reformulated) is classified by three grades - regular, midgrade, and premium. Note: gasoline sales are reported by grade in accordance with their classification at the time of sale. In general, automotive octane requirements are lower at high altitudes. Therefore, in some areas of the United States, such as the Rocky Mountain States, the octane ratings for the gasoline grades may be 2 or more octane points lower.

351

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #317: April 26, 2004 State Gasoline Tax  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7: April 26, 7: April 26, 2004 State Gasoline Tax Rates to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #317: April 26, 2004 State Gasoline Tax Rates on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #317: April 26, 2004 State Gasoline Tax Rates on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #317: April 26, 2004 State Gasoline Tax Rates on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #317: April 26, 2004 State Gasoline Tax Rates on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #317: April 26, 2004 State Gasoline Tax Rates on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #317: April 26, 2004 State Gasoline Tax Rates on AddThis.com... Fact #317: April 26, 2004 State Gasoline Tax Rates At 7.5 cents per gallon, Georgia had the lowest state gasoline tax in the

352

A Five-Leg Inverter for Driving a Traction Motor and a Compressor Motor  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents an integrated inverter for speed control of a traction motor and a compressor motor to reduce the compressor drive cost in EV/HEV applications. The inverter comprises five phase-legs; three of which are for control of a three-phase traction motor and the remaining two for a two-phase compressor motor with three terminals. The common terminal of the two-phase motor is tied to the neutral point of the three-phase traction motor to eliminate the requirement of a third phase leg. Further cost savings are made possible by sharing the switching devices, dc bus filter capacitors, gate drive power supplies, and control circuit. Simulation and experimental results are included to verify that speed control of the two motors is independent from each other.

Su, Gui-Jia [ORNL; Hsu, John S [ORNL

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Farm Motorization, Consumption and Prices of Motor Fuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Development of Farm Motorization and Consumption and Prices of Motor ... of Motor Fuels in Member Countries is the title of a publication recently issued by the Organization for ...

1963-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

354

Use of ethers as high-octane components of gasolines  

SciTech Connect

This article reports on a study of the possible utilization of methyl tert-amyl ether (MTAE) as an automotive gasoline component, both by itself and in combination with methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE). The naphtha used in these studies consisted of 80% reformer naphtha produced under severe conditions and 20% straight-run IBP-62/sup 0/C cut. The physicochemical properties of the MTAE, the MTBE, and the naphtha base stock are given. It is determined that MTAE, which has a slightly poorer knock resistance than MTBE, is fully equal to MTBE in all other respects and can be used as an automotive gasoline component; that a gasoline blend prepared from 89% naphtha base stock, 5.5% MTAE, and 5.5% MTBE meets all of the requirements of the standard GOST 2084-77 for Grade AI-93 gasoline; and that the use of MTAE offers a means for expanding the resources of high-octane components, lowering the toxicity of the gasolines and the exhaust gas (in comparison with organometallic antiknock agents), and bringing non-petroleum raw materials into the fuel production picture.

Gureev, A.A.; Baranova, G.N.; Korotkov, I.V.; Levinson, G.I.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Effect of two-stage injection on combustion and emissions under high EGR rate on a diesel engine by fueling blends of diesel/gasoline, diesel/n-butanol, diesel/gasoline/n-butanol and pure diesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The effect of two-stage injection on combustion and emission characteristics under high EGR (46%) condition were experimentally investigated. Four different fuels including pure diesel and blended fuels of diesel/gasoline, diesel/n-butanol, diesel/gasoline/n-butanol were tested. Results show that blending gasoline or/and n-butanol in diesel improves smoke emissions while induces increase in maximum pressure rise rate (MPRR). Adopting pilot injection close to main injection can effectively reduce the peak of premixed heat release rate and MPRR. However, for fuels blends with high percentage of low cetane number fuel, the effect of pilot fuel on ignition can be neglected and the improvement of MPRR is not that obvious. Pilot-main interval presents more obvious effect on smoke than pilot injection rate does, and the smoke emissions decrease with increasing pilot-main interval. A longer main-post interval results in a lower post heat release rate and prolonged combustion duration. While post injection rate has little effect on the start of ignition for post injection. The variation in fuel properties caused by blending gasoline or/and n-butanol into diesel does not impose obvious influence on post combustion. The smoke emission increases first and then declines with retard of post injection timing. Compared to diesel, the smoke emissions of blended fuels are more sensitive to the variation of post injection strategy.

Zunqing Zheng; Lang Yue; Haifeng Liu; Yuxuan Zhu; Xiaofan Zhong; Mingfa Yao

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Three phase AC motor controller  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A motor controller for a three phase AC motor (10) which is adapted to operate bidirectionally from signals received either from a computer (30) or a manual control (32). The controller is comprised of digital logic circuit means which implement a forward and reverse command signal channel (27, 29) for the application of power through the forward and reverse power switching relays (16, 18, 20, 22). The digital logic elements are cross coupled to prevent activation of both channels simultaneously and each includes a plugging circuit (65, 67) for stopping the motor upon the removal of control signal applied to one of the two channels (27, 29) for a direction of rotation desired. Each plugging circuit (65, 67) includes a one-shot pulse signal generator (88, 102) which outputs a single pulse signal of predetermined pulsewidth which is adapted to inhibit further operation of the application of power in the channel which is being activated and to apply a reversal command signal to the other channel which provides a reversed phase application of power to the motor for a period defined by the pulse-width output of the one-shot signal generator to plug the motor (10) which will then be inoperative until another rotational command signal is applied to either of the two channels.

Vuckovich, Michael (Elizabeth, PA); Wright, Maynard K. (Bethel Park, PA); Burkett, John P. (South Huntington Township, Westmoreland County, PA)

1984-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

357

TRITIUM PERMEATION AND TRANSPORT IN THE GASOLINE PRODUCTION SYSTEM COUPLED WITH HIGH TEMPERATURE GAS-COOLED REACTORS (HTGRS)  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes scoping analyses on tritium behaviors in the HTGR-integrated gasoline production system, which is based on a methanol-to-gasoline (MTG) plant. In this system, the HTGR transfers heat and electricity to the MTG system. This system was analyzed using the TPAC code, which was recently developed by Idaho National Laboratory. The global sensitivity analyses were performed to understand and characterize tritium behaviors in the coupled HTGR/MTG system. This Monte Carlo based random sampling method was used to evaluate maximum 17,408 numbers of samples with different input values. According to the analyses, the average tritium concentration in the product gasoline is about 3.0510-3 Bq/cm3, and 62 % cases are within the tritium effluent limit (= 3.7x10-3 Bq/cm3[STP]). About 0.19% of released tritium is finally transported from the core to the gasoline product through permeations. This study also identified that the following four parameters are important concerning tritium behaviors in the HTGR/MTG system: (1) tritium source, (2) wall thickness of process heat exchanger, (3) operating temperature, and (4) tritium permeation coefficient of process heat exchanger. These four parameters contribute about 95 % of the total output uncertainties. This study strongly recommends focusing our future research on these four parameters to improve modeling accuracy and to mitigate tritium permeation into the gasol ine product. If the permeation barrier is included in the future study, the tritium concentration will be significantly reduced.

Chang H. Oh; Eung S. Kim; Mike Patterson

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

New Vehicle Choices, Fuel Economy and Vehicle Incentives: An Analysis of Hybrid Tax Credits and Gasoline Tax  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Analysis of Hybrid Tax Credits and the Gasoline TaxAn Analysis of Hybrid Tax Credits and the Gasoline Tax byAn Analysis of Hybrid Tax Credits and the Gasoline Tax by

Martin, Elliot William

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

New Vehicle Choice, Fuel Economy and Vehicle Incentives: An Analysis of Hybrid Tax Credits and the Gasoline Tax  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Analysis of Hybrid Tax Credits and the Gasoline TaxAn Analysis of Hybrid Tax Credits and the Gasoline Tax byAn Analysis of Hybrid Tax Credits and the Gasoline Tax by

Martin, Elliott William

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

A Comparison of Ten Different Methods for the Analysis of Saturates, Olefins, Benzene, Total Aromatics, and Oxygenates in Finished Gasolines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......overview of the changing European gasoline specifications with time...combined. These reformulated gasolines may now contain straight run naphtha, fluid catalytically...analysis of hydrocarbon types in gasoline is the fluorescent indi- cator......

Jan Beens; Hans Thomas Feuerhelm; Jrg-Christian Frhling; Jerry Watt; Gertjan Schaatsbergen

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline includes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Exhaust particle characterization for lean and stoichiometric DI vehicles operating on ethanol-gasoline blends  

SciTech Connect

Gasoline direct injection (GDI) engines can offer better fuel economy and higher performance over their port fuel-injected (PFI) counterparts, and are now appearing in increasingly more U.S. and European vehicles. Small displacement, turbocharged GDI engines are replacing large displacement engines, particularly in light-duty trucks and sport utility vehicles, in order for manufacturers to meet the U.S. fuel economy standards for 2016. Furthermore, lean-burn GDI engines can offer even higher fuel economy than stoichiometric GDI engines and have overcome challenges associated with cost-effective aftertreatment for NOx control. Along with changes in gasoline engine technology, fuel composition may increase in ethanol content beyond the current 10% due to the recent EPA waiver allowing 15% ethanol. In addition, the Renewable Fuels Standard passed as part of the 2007 Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) mandates the use of biofuels in upcoming years. GDI engines are of environmental concern due to their high particulate matter (PM) emissions relative to port-fuel injected (PFI) gasoline vehicles; widespread market penetration of GDI vehicles may result in additional PM from mobile sources at a time when the diesel contribution is declining. In this study, we characterized particulate emissions from a European certified lean-burn GDI vehicle operating on ethanol-gasoline blends. Particle mass and particle number concentration emissions were measured for the Federal Test Procedure urban driving cycle (FTP 75) and the more aggressive US06 driving cycle. Particle number-size distributions and organic to elemental carbon ratios (OC/EC) were measured for 30 MPH and 80 MPH steady-state operation. In addition, particle number concentration was measured during wide open throttle accelerations (WOTs) and gradual accelerations representative of the FTP 75. Fuels included certification gasoline and 10% (E10) and 20% (E20) ethanol blends from the same supplier. The particle mass emissions were approximately 3 and 7 mg/mile for the FTP75 and US06, respectively, with lower emissions for the ethanol blends. The data are compared to a previous study on a U.S.-legal stoichiometric GDI vehicle operating on the same ethanol blends. The lean-burn GDI vehicle emitted a higher number of particles, but had an overall smaller average size. Particle number per mile decreased with increasing ethanol content for the transient tests. For the 30 and 80 mph tests, particle number concentration decreased with increasing ethanol content, although the shape of the particle size distribution remained the same. Engine-out OC/EC ratios were highest for the stoichiometric GDI vehicle with E20, but tailpipe OC/EC ratios were similar for all vehicles.

Storey, John Morse [ORNL] [ORNL; Barone, Teresa L [ORNL] [ORNL; Thomas, John F [ORNL] [ORNL; Huff, Shean P [ORNL] [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Gasoline Price Volatility Is a Concern This Summer  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 of 5 5 of 5 Notes: March began with gasoline spot prices showing large increases over crude oil. Spot prices were nearly 20 cents per gallon over the already high crude oil prices, when normally the spread would be half that size. This spread was comparable to the spread seen in August 1997 when high demand, low stocks, and some refinery problems cause prices to surge. By the end of March the spread had fallen to about 16 cents per gallon, and by mid April was at about 11 cents per gallon as the inventory situation improved. Crude oil prices have also been falling, pulling gasoline spot prices down. Retail prices, which lag behind changes in the spot market, are turning down also. Regular gasoline prices peaked the week of March 20 at $1.53 and fell to $1.48 the week of April 10.

363

Gasoline Price Volatility Is a Concern This Summer  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Last summer's low stocks and transition to Phase 2 RFG added price pressure over and above the already high crude price pressure on gasoline. As we ended last winter, gasoline inventories were low, and the spread between spot prices and crude oil were higher than typical as a result. Inventories did not recover and the spread remained higher than average through most of the summer. In November and December, as gasoline demand eased, prices relaxed and spreads returned to average levels -- only to rebound again in January and February as refineries began to undergo maintenance and the market watched the already low stock cushion erode further. This February, spreads are higher than last year -- averaging 14 cents so far. This is about twice what we would typically see this time of

364

Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by Grade, Formulation,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5,473.9 5,473.9 12,853.1 71,584.0 229,911.0 21,437.8 2,118.5 14,630.3 38,186.5 February ................................. 152,443.6 12,574.1 74,038.8 239,056.4 21,643.8 2,053.6 14,806.9 38,504.4 March ...................................... 159,368.9 9,240.4 75,709.6 244,318.9 22,934.3 1,391.4 14,926.4 39,252.1 April ........................................ 166,869.6 7,329.4 77,383.5 251,582.4 23,130.1 1,079.9 14,885.7 39,095.8 May ......................................... 168,973.6 7,229.8 77,450.7 253,654.2 23,375.0 1,046.4 15,162.5 39,583.9 June ........................................ 176,397.4 7,802.8 78,867.3 263,067.5 24,193.9 1,133.7 15,555.5 40,883.1 July ......................................... 175,934.1 7,670.5 79,172.1 262,776.7 24,363.6 1,128.7 15,903.0 41,395.3 August ....................................

365

Table 8. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1996 January ....................... 68.4 67.8 61.8 54.9 51.4 55.0 77.5 76.9 68.0 59.1 - 61.2 February ..................... 68.5 67.9 63.4 56.2 52.1 56.4 77.9 77.3 69.7 60.2 - 62.9 March .......................... 74.7 74.1 69.1 63.5 57.8 63.5 83.7 83.2 75.4 67.3 W 69.7 April ............................ 82.9 82.2 77.5 71.5 64.0 70.8 92.0 91.4 83.8 75.7 - 77.9 May ............................. 86.2 85.7 82.1 71.8 65.3 71.9 95.5 95.0 87.7 75.8 - 78.8 June ............................ 83.6 83.0 79.0 66.6 60.0 66.6 92.6 92.0 84.8 69.3 - 73.2 July ............................. 81.2 80.7 76.4 66.6 60.1 66.5 90.3 89.8 82.3 70.1 - 73.1 August ........................ 79.3 78.8 74.3 66.1 60.0 66.1 88.4 87.9 80.6 69.6 W 72.2 September .................. 79.9 79.4 74.7 67.1 60.9 67.1 88.7 88.2 81.0 70.7 - 73.3 October .......................

366

Table 7. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1997 January ....................... 35.6 37.6 45.0 122.6 33.7 201.3 8.8 9.1 12.1 15.0 W 27.1 February ..................... 37.8 39.9 46.7 127.7 38.1 212.6 9.1 9.4 12.4 15.5 W 27.9 March .......................... 38.4 40.5 47.0 129.9 35.1 212.0 9.3 9.6 12.3 15.5 NA 27.9 April ............................ 38.5 40.7 47.7 134.5 33.9 216.1 9.3 9.6 12.2 16.1 W 28.3 May ............................. 38.1 39.8 45.9 135.5 34.2 215.7 9.2 9.5 12.2 16.3 W 28.5 June ............................ 39.3 41.0 46.1 138.7 29.1 214.0 9.5 9.8 12.3 16.7 W 29.0 July ............................. 43.2 44.9 45.7 148.0 31.9 225.6 10.4 10.7 12.3 18.0 W 30.3 August ........................ 43.4 45.1 46.3 144.9 33.2 224.5 10.3 10.5 12.2 17.2 W 29.5 September .................. 42.8 44.5 45.2 137.6 33.1 215.9 10.0 10.2 11.6 16.2 W 27.9 October .......................

367

Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

68.4 68.4 68.0 63.0 52.6 50.6 55.3 77.1 76.6 69.4 57.1 W 63.2 February ............................. 64.7 64.5 59.0 51.3 48.7 53.1 73.6 73.2 65.0 55.4 W 60.2 March .................................. 61.9 61.8 55.7 48.9 46.3 50.6 70.7 70.3 61.7 52.9 W 57.2 April .................................... 63.5 63.4 57.8 52.1 48.5 53.1 71.9 71.6 63.7 56.1 W 59.8 May ..................................... 66.6 66.4 61.5 54.7 49.6 55.8 75.0 74.6 67.5 58.6 W 63.0 June .................................... 65.8 65.6 60.1 52.0 46.7 53.4 74.6 74.0 66.3 55.9 W 61.0 July ..................................... 64.6 64.3 58.4 50.4 45.8 52.0 73.5 73.0 64.9 54.2 W 59.5 August ................................ 61.8 61.5 55.7 45.8 42.1 48.2 71.2 70.7 62.3 49.8 W 56.0 September .......................... 60.5 60.3 55.3 46.7 42.3 48.6 69.8 69.4 61.7 50.7 W

368

Table 13. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3 3 January ....................... - - - - - - - - - - - - February ..................... - - - - - - - - - - - - March .......................... - - - - - - - - - - - - April ............................ - - - - - - - - - - - - May ............................. - - - - - - - - - - - - June ............................ - - - - - - - - - - - - July ............................. - - - - - - - - - - - - August ........................ - - - - - - - - - - - - September .................. - - - - - - - - - - - - October ....................... - - - - - - - - - - - - November ................... - - - - - - - - - - - - December ................... - - - - - - - - - - - - 1993 ............................... - - - - - - - - - - - -

369

Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by Grade, Formulation,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

47,959.1 47,959.1 11,050.9 67,812.0 226,822.0 21,260.7 1,818.7 15,161.7 38,241.1 February ................................. 154,899.9 10,617.6 70,698.9 236,216.5 22,197.4 1,690.4 15,506.0 39,393.8 March ...................................... 162,738.2 6,536.2 71,600.9 240,875.3 23,091.5 984.2 15,507.0 39,582.7 April ........................................ 169,900.0 3,421.2 73,432.6 246,753.8 24,144.7 484.4 15,580.3 40,209.3 May ......................................... 170,818.8 4,569.6 73,375.3 248,763.8 24,330.4 617.2 15,767.0 40,714.6 June ........................................ 171,972.1 4,606.4 73,655.1 250,233.6 24,625.0 679.7 16,013.5 41,318.2 July ......................................... 178,120.4 4,586.2 75,480.7 258,187.3 26,160.7 674.2 16,449.8 43,284.8 August ....................................

370

Table 9. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(Million Gallons per Day) Year Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Through Retail Outlets Total a DTW Rack Bulk Total Through Retail Outlets Total a DTW Rack Bulk Total 1994 ................................ 29.7 31.2 36.1 113.5 22.8 172.4 7.6 7.8 10.1 14.6 0.1 24.8 1995 January ....................... 18.5 19.6 13.2 88.3 22.4 123.8 4.9 5.1 3.8 W W 15.1 February ..................... 21.7 23.1 18.6 98.4 23.3 140.2 5.7 5.9 5.2 W W 18.0 March .......................... 23.5 24.8 21.2 103.4 25.1 149.7 6.2 6.5 5.4 W W 19.0 April ............................ 25.9 27.2 22.5 103.9 23.8 150.3 6.4 6.6 5.6 W W 19.1 May ............................. 27.0 28.3 23.1 111.4 25.0 159.5 6.4 6.6 5.8 W W 20.0 June ............................ 28.0 29.3 23.6 116.2 29.3 169.0 6.6 6.8 5.9 W W 20.6

371

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1,312.3 1,312.3 32,821.9 41,410.1 112,727.4 28,125.2 182,262.7 8,740.5 9,015.4 W 15,226.6 W 27,455.8 February ............................. 33,062.4 34,813.3 43,506.0 120,110.9 28,668.6 192,285.5 9,196.3 9,492.7 W 16,071.5 W 29,126.3 March .................................. 32,634.8 34,295.4 43,645.3 122,321.7 30,937.8 196,904.8 9,385.0 9,689.1 W 16,559.0 W 29,420.1 April .................................... 34,010.4 35,657.9 43,864.5 121,891.1 27,743.2 193,498.9 9,410.9 9,694.5 W 16,548.6 W 29,584.3 May ..................................... 35,529.2 37,016.8 45,031.4 130,346.8 30,182.4 205,560.7 9,402.8 9,689.9 W 17,374.5 W 30,806.5 June .................................... 36,890.5 38,450.5 46,008.3 135,930.8

372

Table 13. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1995 January ....................... 7.1 7.4 19.6 W W 40.7 2.8 2.8 7.0 2.8 - 9.8 February ..................... 7.5 7.8 20.5 17.3 5.1 42.9 2.9 3.0 7.4 2.9 - 10.3 March .......................... 7.5 7.8 20.5 17.1 5.8 43.4 3.0 3.1 7.2 3.0 - 10.2 April ............................ 7.7 8.0 20.6 16.9 3.9 41.3 3.0 3.0 7.3 3.0 - 10.3 May ............................. 8.0 8.2 21.2 17.8 5.2 44.1 3.0 3.0 7.5 3.1 - 10.6 June ............................ 8.4 8.6 21.6 18.5 4.8 44.9 3.2 3.2 7.8 3.3 - 11.0 July ............................. 8.1 8.3 20.8 17.6 5.5 44.0 3.0 3.0 7.6 3.2 - 10.8 August ........................ 8.2 8.5 21.0 18.0 6.6 45.7 3.1 3.1 7.6 3.3 - 10.9 September .................. 8.0 8.3 20.4 W W 43.0 3.2 3.2 7.4 3.0 - 10.5 October ....................... 7.7 8.0 20.5 W W 42.8 3.0 3.0 W W - 10.5 November ...................

373

Petroleum Products Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

70.4 70.4 70.1 64.3 56.2 51.8 58.2 78.6 78.2 69.8 60.7 - 65.6 February ............................. 70.8 70.5 65.2 57.2 52.7 59.0 79.0 78.5 70.8 61.5 - 66.5 March .................................. 75.9 75.6 70.3 64.1 59.0 65.4 83.9 83.5 76.0 68.1 W 72.4 April .................................... 84.2 84.0 79.4 72.4 66.4 73.5 92.4 91.9 85.1 76.8 - 81.4 May ..................................... 87.9 87.6 83.2 72.7 68.1 75.2 96.2 95.7 88.8 76.8 - 83.3 June .................................... 85.5 85.1 79.8 67.5 61.3 70.1 93.9 93.1 85.7 70.8 - 78.8 July ..................................... 83.1 82.9 77.7 67.5 61.8 69.6 91.4 90.9 83.5 71.3 - 77.8 August ................................ 81.3 81.1 75.3 66.8 61.3 68.6 89.4 88.9 81.0 70.7 NA 76.1 September .......................... 81.1 81.0 74.9 67.8 61.9 69.2 89.1 88.7 80.1 71.6 W

374

Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

70.4 70.4 70.1 64.3 56.2 51.8 58.2 78.6 78.2 69.8 60.7 - 65.6 February ............................. 70.8 70.5 65.2 57.2 52.7 59.0 79.0 78.5 70.8 61.5 - 66.5 March .................................. 75.9 75.6 70.3 64.1 59.0 65.4 83.9 83.5 76.0 68.1 W 72.4 April .................................... 84.2 84.0 79.4 72.4 66.4 73.5 92.4 91.9 85.1 76.8 - 81.4 May ..................................... 87.9 87.6 83.2 72.7 68.1 75.2 96.2 95.7 88.8 76.8 - 83.3 June .................................... 85.5 85.1 79.8 67.5 61.3 70.1 93.9 93.1 85.7 70.8 - 78.8 July ..................................... 83.1 82.9 77.7 67.5 61.8 69.6 91.4 90.9 83.5 71.3 - 77.8 August ................................ 81.3 81.1 75.3 66.8 61.3 68.6 89.4 88.9 81.0 70.7 NA 76.1 September .......................... 81.1 81.0 74.9 67.8 61.9 69.2 89.1 88.7 80.1 71.6 W

375

Table 13. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1996 1996 ................................ 10.7 11.1 26.1 20.5 8.0 54.6 3.3 3.4 7.9 3.3 W 11.3 1997 January ....................... 11.3 11.8 27.2 19.8 7.3 54.3 3.2 3.3 7.9 3.0 W 10.8 February ..................... 12.1 12.6 28.3 20.7 6.9 55.9 3.3 3.4 8.1 3.0 W 11.1 March .......................... 12.4 12.9 28.4 21.2 7.4 57.0 3.4 3.5 8.0 3.1 W 11.1 April ............................ 12.4 12.8 29.0 21.1 7.0 57.1 3.4 3.5 7.9 3.0 W 11.0 May ............................. 12.0 12.4 27.3 21.1 7.9 56.3 3.3 3.4 7.9 3.1 W 11.1 June ............................ 12.2 12.6 27.4 21.5 7.0 56.0 3.4 3.5 7.9 3.2 W 11.1 July ............................. 14.0 14.4 27.5 22.7 6.8 57.0 3.8 3.9 8.0 3.4 W 11.5 August ........................ 14.8 15.1 28.1 23.2 8.5 59.8 3.9 4.0 8.0 3.4 W 11.5 September .................. 14.7 15.1 27.7 22.0 7.3 57.0 3.7 3.8

376

Table 8. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

January ....................... 59.4 58.8 54.2 46.0 41.8 46.6 69.8 69.2 60.4 49.8 NA 53.6 February ..................... 61.7 61.1 57.0 49.2 45.0 50.0 71.5 70.9 62.9 53.3 NA 56.9 March .......................... 62.2 61.7 57.4 49.9 46.2 51.3 72.0 71.4 63.3 54.0 NA 58.0 April ............................ 64.9 64.5 60.1 53.5 49.3 54.5 74.6 74.1 66.0 57.6 NA 61.2 May ............................. 66.6 66.2 62.0 54.7 50.3 56.0 76.4 75.9 67.7 58.4 NA 62.6 June ............................ 69.7 69.2 65.3 58.2 53.1 59.3 79.5 78.9 71.2 61.8 NA 65.9 July ............................. 72.6 72.2 68.0 61.0 56.0 62.2 82.3 81.8 73.8 63.9 NA 68.3 August ........................ 77.4 76.9 71.2 63.6 57.9 64.7 86.9 86.3 77.0 66.4 NA 71.0 September .................. 75.5 74.8 68.6 54.6 51.6 57.4 85.2 84.4 74.7 57.1 NA 64.6 October .......................

377

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8,415.8 8,415.8 39,569.3 40,215.9 122,708.5 26,876.5 189,800.8 10,466.7 10,604.8 10,129.5 14,302.8 - 24,432.4 February ............................. 40,637.5 41,953.1 43,328.9 133,687.6 29,805.9 206,822.4 10,360.0 10,513.3 W 15,544.3 W 26,397.7 March .................................. 41,477.4 43,016.1 45,427.5 141,434.5 35,293.6 222,155.7 10,324.1 10,491.1 W 16,370.9 W 27,381.7 April .................................... 43,183.2 44,648.5 46,529.4 145,575.1 45,194.6 237,299.2 9,958.2 10,130.7 10,397.0 15,931.2 W 26,339.9 May ..................................... 42,591.4 44,151.1 46,198.6 146,358.6 40,692.6 233,249.8 10,265.8 10,423.0 W 16,051.1 W 26,538.5 June .................................... 43,545.0 44,890.8 46,463.3

378

Table A1. Refiner/Reseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD District  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

PAD District I 1984 ...................................... 92.3 84.8 NA NA 102.5 92.4 91.6 84.2 1985 ...................................... 93.6 85.2 NA NA 104.2 93.3 93.4 85.2 1986 ...................................... 63.9 53.2 NA NA 76.1 62.1 65.3 55.2 1987 ...................................... 67.5 57.7 NA NA 80.5 68.2 69.9 60.6 1988 ...................................... 67.1 56.1 NA NA 81.3 68.7 70.8 60.2 1989 ...................................... 74.1 62.7 82.0 70.0 90.5 76.7 79.4 67.9 1990 ...................................... 87.6 77.7 94.8 83.2 101.9 89.0 91.8 81.5 1991 ...................................... 79.2 70.6 87.5 75.7 95.9 83.2 83.8 74.2 1992 ...................................... 74.0 65.1 84.1 71.4 93.0 78.4 79.6 69.3 1993 ...................................... 69.7 59.0 80.2 66.1

379

Table 9. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

January ....................... 22.2 23.4 20.4 96.1 20.6 137.2 6.3 6.5 6.5 11.7 0.1 18.3 February ..................... 24.6 26.0 25.6 104.0 19.9 149.6 6.9 7.1 7.9 W W 21.2 March .......................... 31.6 33.2 42.2 113.4 20.6 176.2 7.9 8.2 11.6 W W 26.8 April ............................ 32.9 34.5 43.5 117.7 23.8 185.0 8.1 8.4 11.7 W W 27.0 May ............................. 34.2 35.8 47.6 119.7 24.3 191.6 8.5 8.8 W W 0.1 28.9 June ............................ 35.3 37.1 W W 24.5 197.4 W W W W 0.3 W July ............................. 34.7 36.2 W 122.7 W 191.9 W W W W 0.2 W August ........................ 35.6 37.2 48.6 W W 200.6 W 8.9 13.0 16.6 0.2 29.8 September .................. 34.1 35.6 44.7 123.2 25.0 193.0 8.2 8.5 12.0 W W 27.8 October ....................... 26.7 28.1 27.4 110.9 22.9 161.2 7.2 7.5

380

Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

83.0 83.0 73.6 72.4 92.4 79.2 79.1 101.0 83.3 84.5 87.2 75.5 75.0 February ............................. 82.4 72.4 70.4 91.9 78.9 77.5 100.2 84.0 82.6 86.5 74.5 73.0 March .................................. 80.4 70.4 68.7 90.1 78.5 76.0 98.3 82.1 80.6 84.6 72.6 71.4 April .................................... 80.3 68.7 67.7 89.9 79.3 75.4 97.9 NA 79.7 84.4 73.2 70.4 May ..................................... 81.0 69.7 68.6 90.2 77.1 75.7 97.9 86.5 80.5 85.0 73.8 71.3 June .................................... 79.7 67.3 65.6 89.1 73.6 73.0 96.8 82.4 77.5 83.8 70.8 68.4 July ..................................... 77.9 65.4 64.8 87.3 71.4 71.9 95.5 81.2 77.0 82.0 69.2 67.5 August ................................ 83.2 72.1 72.2 92.7 77.9 79.5 100.8 89.6 84.5 87.2 75.8 75.0 September .......................... 83.6 70.7 69.5 93.2 80.4 77.9

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline includes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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381

Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

70.5 70.5 58.3 57.7 79.6 61.2 65.4 88.3 67.0 70.1 75.4 60.0 61.0 February ............................. 70.5 58.1 58.4 79.8 61.0 66.1 88.4 66.8 70.6 75.5 59.8 61.6 March .................................. 75.8 64.1 64.9 84.7 67.6 72.0 93.3 72.7 76.9 80.4 65.8 67.9 April .................................... 84.5 72.6 73.2 93.7 76.8 81.3 102.1 81.8 85.8 88.8 74.3 76.1 May ..................................... 89.3 77.4 75.2 99.1 81.0 84.2 106.6 85.6 87.9 93.3 79.0 78.0 June .................................... 86.9 71.5 70.0 96.5 73.6 79.4 103.9 79.2 83.0 91.0 72.8 73.0 July ..................................... 83.9 72.9 69.4 93.4 79.5 78.1 101.1 83.1 82.1 88.0 75.2 72.3 August ................................ 81.2 71.1 68.3 90.6 77.4 76.1 98.3 81.4 80.3 85.4 73.4 71.1 September .......................... 80.8 71.0 68.8 89.8 76.4

382

Table 8. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1995 January ....................... 65.7 65.0 59.5 52.3 48.2 52.4 75.7 74.9 66.3 56.8 W 59.2 February ..................... 65.7 65.1 60.6 53.4 49.6 53.7 75.4 74.7 67.4 57.9 W 60.6 March .......................... 66.8 66.2 61.0 54.3 50.7 54.6 76.1 75.4 67.4 58.1 W 60.7 April ............................ 72.2 71.7 66.3 62.2 57.0 62.0 81.2 80.7 72.8 66.6 W 68.4 May ............................. 78.8 78.3 72.5 67.6 62.1 67.4 88.0 87.4 79.2 72.4 W 74.3 June ............................ 79.2 78.6 72.5 62.3 58.5 63.1 88.3 87.6 79.5 66.7 W 70.3 July ............................. 74.9 74.2 68.4 56.3 52.8 57.4 84.0 83.3 74.7 60.0 W 64.2 August ........................ 71.9 71.3 65.5 56.8 52.1 57.2 80.8 80.2 71.1 60.6 NA 63.5 September .................. 71.1 70.6 65.1 57.6 52.5 57.7 79.8 79.3 70.5 61.2 W 63.9 October .......................

383

Table 12. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

January ....................... - - - - - - - - - - - - February ..................... - - - - - - - - - - - - March .......................... - - - - - - - - - - - - April ............................ - - - - - - - - - - - - May ............................. - - - - - - - - - - - - June ............................ - - - - - - - - - - - - July ............................. - - - - - - - - - - - - August ........................ - - - - - - - - - - - - September .................. - - - - - - - - - - - - October ....................... - - - - - - - - - - - - November ................... 77.9 77.7 72.6 60.3 58.7 65.2 89.8 89.5 77.9 69.0 - 75.4 December ................... 76.4 75.7 72.0 56.7 53.3 63.7 87.8 87.2 77.0 62.5 W 72.6 1994 ...............................

384

Table 8. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1996 1996 ................................ 79.7 79.1 74.3 66.5 60.7 66.4 88.4 87.8 80.1 70.0 NA 72.6 1997 January ....................... 82.4 81.7 76.7 71.2 66.2 70.8 91.4 90.9 83.1 75.4 - 77.2 February ..................... 80.7 80.1 74.9 68.5 64.3 68.3 90.1 89.5 81.3 72.3 - 74.5 March .......................... 78.5 77.9 72.4 66.1 62.7 66.2 88.4 87.9 78.7 70.1 W 72.2 April ............................ 78.7 77.9 73.1 65.0 60.7 65.2 88.3 87.8 78.8 69.0 - 71.4 May ............................. 79.6 79.1 73.4 67.3 61.9 67.1 88.7 88.3 79.1 70.3 - 72.5 June ............................ 78.5 78.0 72.1 63.7 59.1 64.0 87.7 87.2 78.5 66.8 - 69.6 July ............................. 76.6 76.1 69.7 63.6 57.5 63.3 85.8 85.4 76.2 67.1 - 69.1 August ........................ 82.0 81.5 75.8 70.8 63.9 70.3 91.1 90.7 81.9 74.4 - 76.1 September ..................

385

Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by Grade, Formulation,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1,515.4 1,515.4 24,168.6 49,958.8 205,642.8 21,325.8 3,583.5 13,512.4 38,421.7 February ................................. 150,955.0 13,660.5 51,987.1 216,602.6 25,038.0 1,397.6 14,426.9 40,862.5 March ...................................... 163,625.6 5,783.8 52,023.6 221,433.1 26,758.2 374.3 14,421.6 41,554.1 April ........................................ 168,026.4 2,480.7 51,915.9 222,423.1 27,004.8 215.3 14,404.6 41,624.7 May ......................................... 176,606.8 2,535.4 54,024.9 233,167.2 27,876.2 223.5 14,812.1 42,911.8 June ........................................ 183,750.5 2,633.2 56,295.9 242,679.6 28,544.1 231.4 15,275.8 44,051.2 July ......................................... 178,005.9 2,548.4 53,761.7 234,316.0 28,345.2 228.4 15,005.0 43,578.6 August ....................................

386

Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1,312.3 1,312.3 32,821.9 41,410.1 112,727.4 28,125.2 182,262.7 8,740.5 9,015.4 W 15,226.6 W 27,455.8 February ............................. 33,062.4 34,813.3 43,506.0 120,110.9 28,668.6 192,285.5 9,196.3 9,492.7 W 16,071.5 W 29,126.3 March .................................. 32,634.8 34,295.4 43,645.3 122,321.7 30,937.8 196,904.8 9,385.0 9,689.1 W 16,559.0 W 29,420.1 April .................................... 34,010.4 35,657.9 43,864.5 121,891.1 27,743.2 193,498.9 9,410.9 9,694.5 W 16,548.6 W 29,584.3 May ..................................... 35,529.2 37,016.8 45,031.4 130,346.8 30,182.4 205,560.7 9,402.8 9,689.9 W 17,374.5 W 30,806.5 June .................................... 36,890.5 38,450.5 46,008.3 135,930.8

387

Table 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1997 January ....................... 83.0 82.5 77.2 71.9 67.8 72.4 92.4 92.0 82.9 76.1 W 79.1 February ..................... 82.4 81.9 77.3 69.3 65.8 70.4 91.9 91.5 82.8 73.2 W 77.5 March .......................... 80.4 79.9 76.6 66.9 64.9 68.7 90.1 89.7 82.3 71.0 74.8 76.0 April ............................ 80.3 79.7 77.7 65.5 62.4 67.7 89.9 89.6 82.9 69.6 W 75.4 May ............................. 81.0 80.5 76.5 67.6 62.3 68.6 90.2 89.9 82.3 70.8 W 75.7 June ............................ 79.7 79.2 74.9 63.9 58.9 65.6 89.1 88.7 80.8 67.2 W 73.0 July ............................. 77.9 77.4 72.4 63.9 57.9 64.8 87.3 86.9 78.4 67.5 W 71.9 August ........................ 83.2 82.8 79.2 71.4 66.1 72.2 92.7 92.3 85.4 75.3 W 79.5 September .................. 83.6 83.1 81.2 67.1 63.4 69.5 93.2 92.9 87.4 71.0 W 77.9 October .......................

388

Table 11. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3 3 January ....................... - - - - - - - - - - - - February ..................... - - - - - - - - - - - - March .......................... - - - - - - - - - - - - April ............................ - - - - - - - - - - - - May ............................. - - - - - - - - - - - - June ............................ - - - - - - - - - - - - July ............................. - - - - - - - - - - - - August ........................ - - - - - - - - - - - - September .................. - - - - - - - - - - - - October ....................... 7.5 7.8 21.1 10.8 2.1 34.0 1.5 1.5 5.1 W W 7.0 November ................... 9.7 10.0 25.5 15.1 2.3 43.0 1.9 2.0 6.1 W W 8.4 December ................... 10.0 10.3 25.8 14.6 2.7 43.1 2.0 2.0 6.0 W W 8.3 1993 ............................... - - - - - - - - - - - -

389

Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

69.6 69.6 54.8 54.8 78.5 58.1 63.1 87.0 63.8 67.2 73.7 56.2 57.6 February ............................. 65.2 53.7 52.5 74.8 55.7 59.7 83.0 61.4 64.4 69.4 54.9 55.1 March .................................. 61.7 51.4 49.7 71.2 52.6 56.4 79.4 58.3 61.1 65.9 52.5 52.3 April .................................... 63.9 53.9 52.3 73.2 56.3 59.2 81.3 62.4 63.8 68.1 55.3 54.9 May ..................................... 67.7 56.6 55.3 76.8 59.1 62.6 84.6 65.9 66.9 71.8 58.1 57.9 June .................................... 67.0 54.3 52.9 76.4 56.9 60.7 84.2 63.0 65.0 71.2 55.7 55.7 July ..................................... 65.5 52.5 51.5 75.3 56.1 59.1 83.4 61.9 63.7 69.9 54.1 54.3 August ................................ 62.7 48.0 47.6 72.8 51.3 55.6 80.7 56.1 60.1 67.2 49.5 50.6 September .......................... 61.5 48.1 48.1 71.4 51.3 55.6

390

Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by Grade, Formulation,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6,610.0 6,610.0 22,435.3 49,088.9 208,134.2 22,186.7 4,984.3 13,786.2 40,957.2 February ................................. 153,634.8 13,112.4 51,743.2 218,490.3 25,891.2 2,648.7 14,587.8 43,127.7 March ...................................... 164,511.0 5,627.4 54,891.2 225,029.5 27,541.1 1,003.3 14,659.5 43,203.8 April ........................................ 171,743.7 3,242.7 64,778.3 239,764.6 26,368.4 481.6 16,027.4 42,877.4 May ......................................... 174,844.7 3,228.7 71,439.4 249,512.7 24,576.4 457.5 16,101.8 41,135.6 June ........................................ 173,854.4 3,274.9 72,458.5 249,587.8 24,566.8 478.5 16,375.5 41,420.8 July ......................................... 177,228.5 3,307.7 70,689.0 251,225.3 25,495.0 485.5 16,323.6 42,304.1 August ....................................

391

Table 13. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

January ....................... - - - - - - - - - - - - February ..................... - - - - - - - - - - - - March .......................... - - - - - - - - - - - - April ............................ - - - - - - - - - - - - May ............................. - - - - - - - - - - - - June ............................ - - - - - - - - - - - - July ............................. - - - - - - - - - - - - August ........................ - - - - - - - - - - - - September .................. - - - - - - - - - - - - October ....................... - - - - - - - - - - - - November ................... 0.3 0.3 1.7 0.8 1.4 3.9 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.2 - 0.6 December ................... 6.7 7.0 23.0 W W 47.3 2.0 2.0 7.5 W W 10.7 1994 ...............................

392

Table 10. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

January ....................... 69.0 68.4 60.0 51.0 45.4 56.3 78.0 77.3 65.7 54.8 W 62.7 February ..................... 68.3 67.8 60.1 53.2 48.7 57.8 78.1 77.4 65.9 56.8 W 63.7 March .......................... 71.0 70.2 62.6 54.1 46.9 59.1 80.4 79.5 65.7 57.1 W 63.8 April ............................ 66.5 66.0 60.8 54.4 49.6 58.3 80.1 79.6 66.5 57.9 W 64.7 May ............................. 70.6 70.5 61.9 61.1 - 61.6 82.5 82.5 W W - 58.8 June ............................ 71.9 71.9 W 64.9 - 63.8 W W W W - W July ............................. 75.1 75.1 W 70.0 W 67.4 W W W W - W August ........................ 81.9 81.8 67.6 75.7 W 70.0 W 98.1 - 69.4 - 69.4 September .................. 80.9 80.5 74.1 65.4 54.6 67.8 94.1 93.5 77.1 62.1 W 71.6 October ....................... 78.7 78.3 73.5 63.7 57.8 69.5 89.5 89.2

393

Table 12. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1995 January ....................... 75.7 75.1 72.1 59.0 56.1 65.0 85.3 84.8 77.1 63.5 - 73.2 February ..................... 74.4 73.8 70.9 59.4 57.5 64.7 83.5 83.1 75.6 64.3 - 72.4 March .......................... 73.0 72.4 69.7 57.4 54.0 62.7 82.1 81.7 74.5 62.1 - 70.9 April ............................ 75.0 74.5 71.4 64.0 59.5 67.3 84.0 83.7 76.4 68.4 - 74.0 May ............................. 80.3 80.0 76.4 69.6 64.8 72.3 89.0 88.8 81.4 74.1 - 79.3 June ............................ 81.8 81.5 77.4 65.9 61.8 71.0 90.4 90.0 81.9 70.8 - 78.6 July ............................. 79.2 78.6 74.2 59.6 58.1 66.3 87.7 87.3 78.2 64.7 - 74.2 August ........................ 75.4 74.8 70.1 59.3 57.5 64.0 83.5 83.1 74.2 64.1 - 71.1 September .................. 72.6 72.2 68.3 60.5 58.0 63.9 80.5 80.2 72.4 64.7 - 70.2 October .......................

394

Table 9. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3 3 January ....................... - - - - - - - - - - - - February ..................... - - - - - - - - - - - - March .......................... - - - - - - - - - - - - April ............................ - - - - - - - - - - - - May ............................. - - - - - - - - - - - - June ............................ - - - - - - - - - - - - July ............................. - - - - - - - - - - - - August ........................ - - - - - - - - - - - - September .................. - - - - - - - - - - - - October ....................... 27.2 28.7 26.9 105.7 16.1 148.6 7.3 7.5 8.0 W W 21.2 November ................... 25.0 26.3 22.1 105.9 14.6 142.6 6.7 7.0 6.7 W W 20.0 December ................... 24.6 25.9 22.2 107.5 18.0 147.6 6.6 6.9 7.0 W W

395

Table 12. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1996 January ....................... 71.4 71.0 67.6 59.2 56.0 63.1 80.9 80.6 72.3 63.8 - 69.9 February ..................... 72.2 71.7 67.8 59.8 56.8 63.2 81.3 81.0 73.1 64.2 - 70.5 March .......................... 76.7 76.3 72.0 65.8 65.5 68.8 86.0 85.7 77.9 70.0 - 75.6 April ............................ 87.7 87.3 83.5 77.0 77.3 80.2 96.5 96.2 88.8 81.4 - 86.7 May ............................. 95.7 95.3 91.7 77.0 74.8 83.4 105.1 104.7 96.8 81.4 - 92.2 June ............................ 93.5 92.9 89.1 70.5 68.0 78.9 103.0 102.4 94.0 75.1 - 88.3 July ............................. 88.8 88.4 85.3 70.7 68.7 77.3 98.6 98.3 90.3 75.2 - 85.6 August ........................ 84.3 84.0 79.9 68.9 65.2 73.4 94.0 93.7 85.1 73.4 W 81.5 September .................. 81.4 81.1 76.8 69.5 66.5 72.6 91.0 90.8 82.3 73.8 W 79.8 October .......................

396

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2,177.8 2,177.8 33,696.7 41,031.4 115,778.7 25,866.5 182,676.6 9,536.5 9,794.2 12,905.9 15,962.1 - 28,868.0 February ............................. 33,085.6 34,725.7 42,808.2 121,887.8 32,127.0 196,822.9 9,746.2 10,022.4 13,588.9 16,896.7 - 30,485.6 March .................................. 34,978.9 36,685.7 45,070.0 122,489.6 28,845.0 196,404.5 9,984.6 10,254.2 W 16,980.4 W 30,689.3 April .................................... 36,627.7 38,654.6 46,870.7 132,107.0 39,827.2 218,805.0 9,633.1 9,933.5 13,367.1 17,002.1 - 30,369.2 May ..................................... 38,548.0 40,338.1 48,651.6 137,813.8 38,767.1 225,232.5 9,234.8 9,508.1 12,618.4 16,543.3 - 29,161.6 June .................................... 39,265.8 40,954.4 48,139.0 137,339.2 43,089.0

397

Table 11. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1996 1996 ................................ 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.9 W 5.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 - 0.9 1997 January ....................... 3.7 3.7 2.9 4.5 - 7.4 0.8 0.8 W 0.5 - 1.1 February ..................... 3.6 3.7 2.9 4.2 - 7.1 0.7 0.7 W 0.5 - 1.0 March .......................... 2.1 2.1 1.9 2.3 - 4.1 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.2 - 0.6 April ............................ 0.9 0.9 0.5 1.6 - 2.1 0.2 0.2 W 0.2 - 0.3 May ............................. 1.3 1.4 1.0 1.7 - 2.7 0.2 0.2 W 0.2 - 0.3 June ............................ 1.5 1.6 1.0 1.8 - 2.8 0.3 0.3 W 0.2 - 0.4 July ............................. 1.3 1.4 1.0 1.8 - 2.8 0.2 0.2 W 0.2 - 0.4 August ........................ 1.3 1.4 1.0 1.9 - 2.8 0.2 0.2 W 0.2 - 0.4 September .................. 1.6 1.6 1.3 2.4 - 3.7 0.2 0.2 W 0.4 - 0.6 October ....................... 2.1 2.2 2.0 4.2 - 6.3 0.4 0.4 W 0.7 - 1.1

398

Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7,592.9 7,592.9 38,697.1 41,234.1 134,916.3 28,778.0 204,928.3 8,469.6 8,591.2 8,752.4 13,409.9 - 22,162.3 February ............................. 41,372.4 42,768.1 45,617.8 152,433.3 25,868.1 223,919.1 8,902.4 9,050.1 9,576.8 15,164.2 - 24,741.0 March .................................. 43,908.9 45,486.6 48,663.0 159,013.0 26,574.1 234,250.2 8,334.4 8,483.4 9,042.9 14,281.9 - 23,324.8 April .................................... 41,453.4 42,873.1 46,118.2 157,990.7 37,856.7 241,965.6 8,146.0 8,304.1 8,624.2 14,057.8 - 22,682.0 May ..................................... 43,079.5 44,622.1 47,391.3 165,547.2 35,485.2 248,423.6 8,461.1 8,619.3 8,946.6 15,071.0 - 24,017.6 June .................................... 45,869.9 47,451.1 49,767.2 169,463.5 41,245.2 260,475.9

399

Table 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1996 January ....................... 70.5 69.9 66.3 55.9 52.2 57.7 79.6 79.1 71.7 60.3 - 65.4 February ..................... 70.5 70.0 66.4 57.0 53.0 58.4 79.8 79.3 72.2 61.1 - 66.1 March .......................... 75.8 75.3 70.9 64.0 59.3 64.9 84.7 84.3 77.0 67.9 W 72.0 April ............................ 84.5 83.9 81.0 72.4 66.6 73.2 93.7 93.2 87.0 76.9 - 81.3 May ............................. 89.3 88.8 88.0 72.7 68.0 75.2 99.1 98.6 93.7 77.0 - 84.2 June ............................ 86.9 86.3 85.2 67.4 61.6 70.0 96.5 95.9 91.0 70.6 - 79.4 July ............................. 83.9 83.4 81.9 67.3 62.0 69.4 93.4 93.0 87.6 71.2 - 78.1 August ........................ 81.2 80.7 78.0 66.7 61.5 68.3 90.6 90.2 83.7 70.5 NA 76.1 September .................. 80.8 80.4 76.4 67.7 62.4 68.8 89.8 89.4 82.1 71.5 W 76.1 October .......................

400

Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2,177.8 2,177.8 33,696.7 41,031.4 115,778.7 25,866.5 182,676.6 9,536.5 9,794.2 12,905.9 15,962.1 - 28,868.0 February ............................. 33,085.6 34,725.7 42,808.2 121,887.8 32,127.0 196,822.9 9,746.2 10,022.4 13,588.9 16,896.7 - 30,485.6 March .................................. 34,978.9 36,685.7 45,070.0 122,489.6 28,845.0 196,404.5 9,984.6 10,254.2 W 16,980.4 W 30,689.3 April .................................... 36,627.7 38,654.6 46,870.7 132,107.0 39,827.2 218,805.0 9,633.1 9,933.5 13,367.1 17,002.1 - 30,369.2 May ..................................... 38,548.0 40,338.1 48,651.6 137,813.8 38,767.1 225,232.5 9,234.8 9,508.1 12,618.4 16,543.3 - 29,161.6 June .................................... 39,265.8 40,954.4 48,139.0 137,339.2 43,089.0

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline includes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Table 10. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3 3 January ....................... - - - - - - - - - - - - February ..................... - - - - - - - - - - - - March .......................... - - - - - - - - - - - - April ............................ - - - - - - - - - - - - May ............................. - - - - - - - - - - - - June ............................ - - - - - - - - - - - - July ............................. - - - - - - - - - - - - August ........................ - - - - - - - - - - - - September .................. - - - - - - - - - - - - October ....................... 78.0 77.4 70.6 61.2 53.1 66.5 84.5 83.7 75.1 63.7 W 71.9 November ................... 75.9 75.3 66.8 55.2 47.0 61.6 85.0 84.2 72.1 58.4 W 68.3 December ................... 71.5 70.9 62.2 48.2 42.7 56.2 80.7 79.9 68.1

402

Table 7. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1994 January ....................... 31.4 32.9 44.3 108.4 22.6 175.3 8.1 8.4 12.1 13.6 0.2 25.9 February ..................... 32.5 34.2 46.7 112.6 21.0 180.2 8.3 8.6 12.2 14.4 0.1 26.7 March .......................... 34.4 36.2 48.0 116.1 21.1 185.3 8.4 8.7 12.8 15.4 0.2 28.4 April ............................ 34.2 35.8 48.0 119.8 24.1 191.9 8.4 8.7 12.9 15.5 0.1 28.6 May ............................. 34.6 36.3 48.2 120.2 24.3 192.7 8.5 8.8 12.9 15.9 0.1 29.0 June ............................ 35.8 37.5 49.2 124.7 24.5 198.4 8.6 8.9 13.3 16.5 0.3 30.1 July ............................. 35.1 36.6 48.4 123.3 21.3 193.0 8.6 8.8 13.0 16.2 0.2 29.5 August ........................ 36.0 37.6 49.0 128.1 25.0 202.0 8.6 8.9 13.0 16.7 0.2 30.0 September .................. 35.1 36.6 47.5 124.8 26.0 198.3 8.3 8.6 12.7 16.0 0.2 28.9 October

403

Table 9. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1996 1996 ................................ 24.1 25.4 17.8 108.5 27.1 153.4 5.7 5.9 4.4 12.9 NA 17.3 1997 January ....................... 20.6 22.0 14.8 98.3 26.4 139.6 4.7 4.9 3.7 11.5 - 15.1 February ..................... 22.1 23.7 15.4 102.9 31.2 149.5 5.0 5.2 3.8 11.9 - 15.7 March .......................... 24.0 25.5 16.8 106.4 27.7 150.9 5.5 5.7 4.0 12.2 W 16.2 April ............................ 25.1 26.9 18.2 111.8 26.9 156.9 5.8 5.9 4.2 12.9 - 17.0 May ............................. 24.7 26.0 17.7 112.7 26.3 156.7 5.7 5.8 4.2 13.0 - 17.1 June ............................ 25.6 26.9 17.7 115.4 22.1 155.2 5.9 6.1 4.2 13.3 - 17.4 July ............................. 27.8 29.1 17.2 123.4 25.2 165.8 6.4 6.6 4.1 14.4 - 18.5 August ........................ 27.3 28.7 17.3 119.9 24.7 161.9 6.2 6.4 4.0 13.5 - 17.6 September ..................

404

Table A1. Refiner/Reseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD District  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

PAD District I 1984 ...................................... 92.3 84.8 NA NA 102.5 92.4 91.6 84.2 1985 ...................................... 93.6 85.2 NA NA 104.2 93.3 93.4 85.2 1986 ...................................... 63.9 53.2 NA NA 76.1 62.1 65.3 55.2 1987 ...................................... 67.5 57.7 NA NA 80.5 68.2 69.9 60.6 1988 ...................................... 67.1 56.1 NA NA 81.3 68.7 70.8 60.2 1989 ...................................... 74.1 62.7 82.0 70.0 90.5 76.7 79.4 67.9 1990 ...................................... 87.6 77.7 94.8 83.2 101.9 89.0 91.8 81.5 1991 ...................................... 79.2 70.6 87.5 75.7 95.9 83.2 83.8 74.2 1992 ...................................... 74.0 65.1 84.1 71.4 93.0 78.4 79.6 69.3 1993 ...................................... 69.7 59.0 80.2 66.1

405

Table 10. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1995 January ....................... 76.6 76.4 69.5 60.6 56.1 64.7 85.7 85.6 74.4 64.0 - 70.0 February ..................... 76.2 76.1 69.9 62.8 55.2 66.0 86.3 86.2 73.4 65.3 - 69.2 March .......................... 77.3 77.2 72.4 65.1 - 68.9 85.7 85.6 75.1 66.1 - 70.0 April ............................ 83.4 83.4 76.7 67.9 - 71.5 91.1 90.9 W 69.7 - 73.8 May ............................. 89.0 88.8 80.4 71.8 - 75.2 95.4 95.3 W 73.5 - 77.7 June ............................ 90.7 90.7 80.4 66.5 - 71.9 97.6 97.4 W 68.7 - 75.0 July ............................. 88.1 88.1 77.9 62.6 - 68.5 92.4 92.4 W 63.9 - 69.6 August ........................ 84.8 84.8 76.8 63.7 - 68.7 87.7 87.6 W 65.3 - 69.8 September .................. 83.4 83.1 74.3 66.4 69.3 69.4 85.2 85.1 75.6 69.1 - 72.4 October ....................... 75.6 75.3

406

Table 7. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1993 January ....................... 33.5 35.0 - - - 170.6 8.2 8.4 - - - 25.2 February ..................... 35.3 37.0 - - - 179.9 8.6 8.8 - - - 27.0 March .......................... 35.6 37.4 - - - 182.3 8.5 8.8 - - - 26.8 April ............................ 36.5 38.3 - - - 184.4 8.6 8.9 - - - 27.6 May ............................. 36.1 37.7 - - - 182.2 8.6 8.9 - - - 27.1 June ............................ 38.0 39.7 - - - 191.9 8.9 9.2 - - - 28.2 July ............................. 36.5 38.0 - - - 189.3 9.0 9.3 - - - 28.9 August ........................ 36.1 37.7 - - - 187.0 9.0 9.2 - - - 28.4 September .................. 35.5 37.1 - - - 181.9 8.6 8.9 - - - 27.9 October ....................... 34.5 36.2 47.9 116.5 18.2 182.6 8.7 9.0 13.1 14.9 0.2 28.1 November ................... 34.7 36.2

407

Table 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Through Retail Outlets Average a DTW Rack Bulk Average Through Retail Outlets Average a DTW Rack Bulk Average 1983...

408

Table 10. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Through Retail Outlets Average a DTW Rack Bulk Average Through Retail Outlets Average a DTW Rack Bulk Average 1994...

409

Table 11. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Volumes by...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Through Retail Outlets Total a DTW Rack Bulk Total Through Retail Outlets Total a DTW Rack Bulk Total 1993 January...

410

Table 12. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Through Retail Outlets Average a DTW Rack Bulk Average Through Retail Outlets Average a DTW Rack Bulk Average 1993 January...

411

Table 7. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Through Retail Outlets Total a DTW Rack Bulk Total Through Retail Outlets Total a DTW Rack Bulk Total 1983...

412

Table 13. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Volumes by...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Through Retail Outlets Total a DTW Rack Bulk Total Through Retail Outlets Total a DTW Rack Bulk Total 1993 January...

413

U.S. Sales for Resale, Total Refiner Motor Gasoline Sales Volumes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Type: Sales to End Users, Total Through Retail Outlets Sales for Resale, Total DTW Rack Bulk Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes...

414

Table 10. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Through Retail Outlets Average a DTW Rack Bulk Average Through Retail Outlets Average a DTW Rack Bulk Average 1993 January...

415

Table 13. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Volumes by...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

- - - - - - - November ... 0.3 0.3 1.7 0.8 1.4 3.9 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.2 - 0.6 December ... 6.7 7.0 23.0 W W 47.3 2.0 2.0 7.5 W W 10.7 1994...

416

Table 9. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

16.7 November ... 24.3 25.5 14.7 104.9 25.4 145.1 5.5 5.7 3.5 11.9 - 15.4 December ... 25.1 26.4 14.8 107.4 28.4 150.7 5.8 6.0 3.5 12.6 - 16.1 1997...

417

Table 9. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

25.1 143.7 5.7 5.9 4.0 13.5 - 17.5 November ... 20.3 21.5 13.9 100.4 26.5 140.8 5.4 5.6 3.9 13.5 - 17.4 December ... 20.3 21.4 13.9 98.4 28.4...

418

Table 9. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

27.2 28.7 26.9 105.7 16.1 148.6 7.3 7.5 8.0 W W 21.2 November ... 25.0 26.3 22.1 105.9 14.6 142.6 6.7 7.0 6.7 W W 20.0 December ... 24.6 25.9...

419

Table 10. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1996 January ....................... 76.3 76.0 70.4 61.4 W 65.6 84.0 83.8 76.0 64.8 - 72.0 February ..................... 77.6 77.4 72.3 64.4 - 68.2 85.7 85.7 78.4 67.4 - 74.2 March .......................... 84.7 84.4 79.5 72.2 W 75.8 90.8 90.8 85.3 74.5 - 81.4 April ............................ 94.0 93.6 87.2 76.1 - 80.0 101.6 101.6 93.6 77.3 - 86.2 May ............................. 99.1 98.6 94.3 76.1 - 82.3 108.1 107.9 99.8 77.3 - 88.1 June ............................ 97.9 97.5 NA 76.5 - 82.3 105.7 105.7 98.3 77.4 - 87.6 July ............................. 95.8 95.4 NA 75.0 - 80.6 103.7 103.6 96.5 76.0 - 85.9 August ........................ 97.2 96.8 NA 78.1 - 83.2 104.3 104.3 NA 79.8 - 87.9 September .................. 97.8 97.3 88.4 79.7 - 83.2 104.5 104.4 94.1 82.5 - 88.4 October .......................

420

Table 7. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1996 January ....................... 32.2 33.7 41.0 115.8 25.9 182.7 9.5 9.8 12.9 16.0 - 28.9 February ..................... 33.1 34.7 42.8 121.9 32.1 196.8 9.7 10.0 13.6 16.9 - 30.5 March .......................... 35.0 36.7 45.1 122.5 28.8 196.4 10.0 10.3 13.7 17.0 W 30.7 April ............................ 36.6 38.7 46.9 132.1 39.8 218.8 9.6 9.9 13.4 17.0 - 30.4 May ............................. 38.5 40.3 48.7 137.8 38.8 225.2 9.2 9.5 12.6 16.5 - 29.2 June ............................ 39.3 41.0 48.1 137.3 43.1 228.6 9.6 9.8 12.6 16.6 - 29.3 July ............................. 38.6 40.4 47.3 141.2 40.8 229.4 9.5 9.8 12.6 17.4 - 29.9 August ........................ 38.8 40.7 48.0 141.8 35.2 225.0 9.6 10.0 12.7 17.3 NA 30.1 September .................. 37.9 39.6 46.6 131.4 31.5 209.5 9.4 9.6 12.4 15.9 W 28.4 October .......................

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline includes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tier 2 Vehicle and Gasoline Sulfur Program  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Tier 2 Vehicle and Tier 2 Vehicle and Gasoline Sulfur Program to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tier 2 Vehicle and Gasoline Sulfur Program on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tier 2 Vehicle and Gasoline Sulfur Program on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tier 2 Vehicle and Gasoline Sulfur Program on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tier 2 Vehicle and Gasoline Sulfur Program on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tier 2 Vehicle and Gasoline Sulfur Program on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tier 2 Vehicle and Gasoline Sulfur Program on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Tier 2 Vehicle and Gasoline Sulfur Program

422

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #569: May 4, 2009 Gasoline Prices Around  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9: May 4, 2009 9: May 4, 2009 Gasoline Prices Around the World to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #569: May 4, 2009 Gasoline Prices Around the World on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #569: May 4, 2009 Gasoline Prices Around the World on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #569: May 4, 2009 Gasoline Prices Around the World on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #569: May 4, 2009 Gasoline Prices Around the World on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #569: May 4, 2009 Gasoline Prices Around the World on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #569: May 4, 2009 Gasoline Prices Around the World on AddThis.com... Fact #569: May 4, 2009 Gasoline Prices Around the World

423

Modeling and Analysis of Natural Gas and Gasoline In A High Compressio...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Analysis of Natural Gas and Gasoline In A High Compression Ratio High Efficiency ICRE Modeling and Analysis of Natural Gas and Gasoline In A High Compression Ratio High...

424

UNIT NUMBER C-7S0A Gasoline UST UNIT NAME REGULATORY STATUS:...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 UNIT NUMBER C-7S0A Gasoline UST UNIT NAME REGULATORY STATUS: AOC LOCATION: Southeast corner C-750 APPROXIMATE DIMENSIONS: 10,000 gallon FUNCTION: Gasoline storage OPERATIONAL...

425

Who is Exposed to Gas Prices? How Gasoline Prices Affect Automobile Manufacturers and Dealerships  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Who is Exposed to Gas Prices? How Gasoline Prices Affect Automobile Manufacturers and Dealerships Prices Affect Automobile Manufacturers and Dealerships Abstract Many consumers are keenly aware, by contrast, we investigate how gasoline prices affect the automobile industry: manufacturers and dealerships

Rothman, Daniel

426

U.S. gasoline price falls below $2.90 (short version)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

gasoline price falls below 2.90 (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to 2.89 a gallon on Monday. That's down 4.7 cents from a week ago, based...

427

Fact #675: May 16, 2011 Gasoline Prices by Region, May 2, 2011  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The West Coast region paid the highest prices for gasoline averaging $4.14 for a gallon of regular gasoline while the Rocky Mountain region paid the least at $3.70 per gallon. The southern states,...

428

Rapid determination of trace concentrations of lead in gasoline by anodic stripping voltammetry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Anodic stripping voltammetry can be used for the determination of ?g/l concentrations of lead in gasoline. A gasoline sample is extracted with iodine monochloride reagent solution. An aliquot of the aqueous ph...

Pentti Laukkanen

429

Remediation of Releases Containing MTBE at Gasoline Station SitesENSR Internationals Experience  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter summarizes ENSRs national and international experience remediating MTBE and other gasoline constituents in soil and ground water at retail gasoline station sites. ENSR has extensive experience in...

Robert M. Cataldo P.G.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

A short and simple explanation of how oil is converted into gasoline and then brought to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A short and simple explanation of how oil is converted into gasoline and then brought to you the products produced from this petroleum, gasoline represents about half of the total product volume

431

U.S. gasoline prices decreases for 16th week in a row; breaking...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

18, 2015 U.S. gasoline prices decreases for 16th week in a row; breaking previous record set in 2008 (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell 7.3...

432

U.S. gasoline price expected to drop further below $3 per gallon  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

gasoline price expected to drop further below 3 per gallon The national average pump price of gasoline dropped below 3 per gallon last week for the first time in nearly four...

433

U.S. gasoline price expected to drop further below $3 per gallon  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Declining fuel prices to push U.S. gasoline demand to an 8-year high In its new forecast, the U.S. Energy Information Administration said domestic gasoline consumption this year...

434

U.S. gasoline prices continues to decrease at lowest level since...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5, 2015 U.S. gasoline prices continues to decrease at lowest level since May 2009; 2 states with sub 2 prices (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline...

435

U.S. gasoline prices decreases for 16th week in a row; breaking...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

gasoline prices decreases for 16th week in a row; breaking previous record set in 2008 (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell 7.3 cents from a week...

436

U.S. gasoline prices continues to decrease; 2 states with sub...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5, 2015 U.S. gasoline prices continues to decrease; 2 states with sub 2 prices (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to 2.21 a gallon on Monday....

437

U.S. gasoline price decreases for 17th week in a row (short version...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

gasoline price decreases for 17th week in a row (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell for the 17th week in a row to 2.04 a gallon on Monday....

438

Destructive hydroisomerization A new method of reducing benzine content in commercial gasoline  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A destructive process of hydroisomerization of straight-run 85185C gasoline fraction followed by close fractionation of the ... submitted to catalytic reforming under mild conditions. Gasoline with octane numbe...

Kh. I. Abad-Zade; Z. A. Gasymova

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Evidence of a Shift in the Short-Run Price Elasticity of Gasoline Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

demand shocks. Since gasoline demand and oil price areto gasoline demand shocks. In Venezuela, a strike by oildemand is likely correlated with the prices of other refinery outputs via the price of oil.

Hughes, Jonathan; Knittel, Christopher R; Sperling, Dan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Advanced Membrane Systems: Recovering Wasteful and Hazardous Fuel Vapors at the Gasoline Tank  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Case study covering Compact Membrane Systems, Inc. and its membrane vapor processor that recovers fuel vapors from gasoline refueling.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline includes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Load Expansion with Diesel/Gasoline RCCI for Improved Engine Efficiency and Emissions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This poster will describe preliminary emission results of gasoline/diesel RCCI in a medium-duty diesel engine.

442

Characterization of Pre-Commercial Gasoline Engine Particulates Through Advanced Aerosol Methods  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Advanced aerosol analysis methods were used to examine particulates from single cylinder test engines running on gasoline and ethanol blends.

443

The Energy Information Administration`s assessment of reformulated gasoline. Volume 2  

SciTech Connect

This report is divided into two volumes. This first volume contains EIA`s findings and analyses on reformulated gasoline as it affects the petroleum industry. The data contained herein should assist members of the Congress, Federal, State and local governments, analysts, researchers, the media and academia to understand the RFG program and the current status of implementation. The second volume contains 10 appendices that include letter from Congressman Dingell, survey results, survey forms, and historical summary data. A glossary and a list of acronyms and abbreviations are printed in Volumes 1 and 2.

NONE

1994-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

444

The Energy Information Administration`s assessment of reformulated gasoline. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

This report is divided into two volumes. The first volume contains EIA`s findings and analyses on reformulated gasoline as it affects the petroleum industry. The data contained herein should assist members of the Congress, Federal, State and local governments, analysts, researchers, the media and academia to understand the RFG program and the current status of implementation. This second volume contains 10 appendices that include letter from Congressman Dingell, survey results, survey forms, and historical summary data. A glossary and a list of acronyms and abbreviations are printed in Volumes 1 and 2.

NONE

1994-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

445

Electric Wheel Hub Motor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wheel hub motors are an innovative drive concept for electric vehicles where the electric machine and, in some cases, the...

Dipl.-Ing. Michael Grninger; Dipl.-Ing. Felix Horch

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Asymmetric and nonlinear pass-through of crude oil prices to gasoline and natural gas prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Asymmetric and nonlinear pass-through of crude oil prices to gasoline and natural gas prices Ahmed distributed lags (NARDL) mod- el to examine the pass-through of crude oil prices into gasoline and natural gas the possibility to quantify the respective responses of gasoline and natural gas prices to positive and negative

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

447

Protozoa in Subsurface Sediments from Sites Contaminated with Aviation Gasoline or Jet Fuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...with Aviation Gasoline or Jet Fuel James L. Sinclair 1 * Don H...of aviation gasoline and jet fuel spill areas at a Coast Guard...aerobic bacteria, protozoa, algae, and fungae in deep subsurface...aviation gasoline and JP-4 jet fuel in subsurface core samples...

James L. Sinclair; Don H. Kampbell; Mike L. Cook; John T. Wilson

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Fuel Puddle Model and AFR Compensator for Gasoline-Ethanol Blends in Flex-Fuel Engines*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fuel Puddle Model and AFR Compensator for Gasoline-Ethanol Blends in Flex-Fuel Engines* Kyung vehicles (FFVs) can operate on a blend of gasoline and ethanol in any concentration of up to 85% ethanol for gasoline-ethanol blends is, thus, necessary for the purpose of air-to-fuel ratio control. In this paper, we

Stefanopoulou, Anna

449

Atmospheric Environment 38 (2004) 14171423 Measurements of ion concentration in gasoline and diesel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Atmospheric Environment 38 (2004) 1417­1423 Measurements of ion concentration in gasoline of a gasoline engine (K-car) and a diesel engine (diesel generator). Under the experimental set-up reported all of the ions smaller than 3 nm in the gasoline engine exhaust, and is above 2.7 ? 108 cm?3

Yu, Fangqun

450

Energy Policy 29 (2001) 11331143 Ethanol as a lead replacement: phasing out leaded gasoline in Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Policy 29 (2001) 1133­1143 Ethanol as a lead replacement: phasing out leaded gasoline cost of lead additives and of gasoline, and the falling cost of ethanol and sugarcane, have created sugarcane is produced in Africa to replace all the lead used in African gasoline; this would require Africa

Thomas, Valerie

451

Gasoline price effects on traffic safety in urban and rural areas: Evidence from Minnesota, 19982007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gasoline price effects on traffic safety in urban and rural areas: Evidence from Minnesota, 1998 February 2012 Received in revised form 3 May 2013 Accepted 24 May 2013 Keywords: Gasoline prices Traffic examines the role of gasoline prices in the occurrence of traffic crashes. However, no studies have

Levinson, David M.

452

CLEARING THE AIR? THE EFFECTS OF GASOLINE CONTENT REGULATION ON AIR QUALITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CLEARING THE AIR? THE EFFECTS OF GASOLINE CONTENT REGULATION ON AIR QUALITY Maximilian Auffhammer and Ryan Kellogg* January 2009 Abstract This paper examines the effects of U.S. gasoline content gasoline markets and raise prices paid by consumers. We provide the first comprehensive empirical estimates

Edwards, Paul N.

453

he increasing frequency of detection of the widely used gasoline additive methyl tert-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

T he increasing frequency of detection of the widely used gasoline additive methyl tert- butyl, the September 15, 1999, Report of the Blue Ribbon Panel on Oxygenates in Gasoline (1) states that between 5 with large releases (e.g., LUFTs). Unprecedented growth in use Use of MTBE as a gasoline additive began

454

The producer surplus associated with gasoline fuel use in the United States1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The producer surplus associated with gasoline fuel use in the United States1 Yongling Sun, Mark A. This paper estimates the producer surplus associated with changes in gasoline fuel use in the United States that affect oil use and oil imports to the US, and (2) comparing the actual average cost of gasoline

Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

455

The impact of gasoline price changes on traffic safety: a time geography explanation Guangqing Chi a,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The impact of gasoline price changes on traffic safety: a time geography explanation Guangqing Chi, United States a r t i c l e i n f o Keywords: Time geography Gasoline prices Traffic safety Traffic crashes Fatal crashes Space­time path a b s t r a c t The impact of gasoline price changes on traffic

Levinson, David M.

456

Response to "Ethanol Production and Gasoline Prices: A Spurious Correlation" by Knittel and Smith  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Response to "Ethanol Production and Gasoline Prices: A Spurious Correlation" by Knittel and Smith Beardshear Hall, (515) 294-7612." #12;1 Response to "Ethanol Production and Gasoline Prices: A Spurious and Aaron Smith attack the paper "The Impact of Ethanol Production on US and Regional Gasoline Markets

Rothman, Daniel

457

CARS, GAS, AND POLLUTION POLICIES Distributional and Efficiency Impacts of Gasoline Taxes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CARS, GAS, AND POLLUTION POLICIES Distributional and Efficiency Impacts of Gasoline Taxes, reduc- ing automobile-related gasoline consumption has become a major U.S. public policy issue. Recently, many analysts have called for new or more stringent policies to discourage gasoline consumption

Boyer, Edmond

458

Introduction The use of ethanol as a gasoline additive is likely to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction The use of ethanol as a gasoline additive is likely to increase in the near future investigators have developed mathematical models for predicting the effect of ethanol (added to gasoline at 10 these models provide valuable insight into the potential ground water impacts of ethanol in gasoline

Alvarez, Pedro J.

459

Multiscale Strategic Planning Model for the Design of Integrated Ethanol and Gasoline Supply Chain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Multiscale Strategic Planning Model for the Design of Integrated Ethanol and Gasoline Supply address the design and planning of an integrated ethanol and gasoline supply chain. We assume, distribution centers where blending takes place, and the retail gas stations where different blends of gasoline

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

460

forthcoming in Economic Letters Incidence of Federal and State Gasoline Taxes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

forthcoming in Economic Letters Incidence of Federal and State Gasoline Taxes Hayley Chouinarda, Berkeley, and member of the Giannini Foundation. Abstract The federal specific gasoline tax falls equally incidence of state taxes is greater in states that use relatively little gasoline. Author Keywords: Taxes

Perloff, Jeffrey M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline includes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Modeling of Air-Fuel Ratio Dynamics of Gasoline Combustion Engine with ARX Network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DS-06-1351 Modeling of Air-Fuel Ratio Dynamics of Gasoline Combustion Engine with ARX Network Tomás dynamics of gasoline engines during transient operation. With a collection of input-output data measured;Modeling of Air-Fuel Ratio Dynamics of Gasoline Combustion Engine with ARX Network I. INTRODUCTION

Johansen, Tor Arne

462

Gasoline accounts for about half the U.S. consumption of petroleum products, and its  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2 Gasoline accounts for about half the U.S. consumption of petroleum products, and its price is the most visible among these products. As such, changes in gasoline prices are always under public scrutiny. Many claim to observe an asymmetric relationship between gasoline and oil prices -- specifically

463

Automakers' Short-Run Responses to Changing Gasoline Prices and the Implications for Energy Policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Automakers' Short-Run Responses to Changing Gasoline Prices and the Implications for Energy Policy as if consumers respond to gasoline prices. We estimate a selection-corrected regression equation and exploit operating costs between vehicles. Keywords: automobile prices, gasoline prices, environmental policy JEL

Edwards, Paul N.

464

Stranded Vehicles: How Gasoline Taxes Change the Value of Households' Vehicle Assets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stranded Vehicles: How Gasoline Taxes Change the Value of Households' Vehicle Assets Meghan Busse pollution caused by the burning of fossil fuels. Argu- ments against energy taxes, and gasoline taxes more incidence of the tax. We study the effect of a gasoline tax using changes in vehicle values. We construct

Rothman, Daniel

465

ESTIMATION OF EXHAUST MANIFOLD PRESSURE IN TURBOCHARGED GASOLINE ENGINES WITH VARIABLE VALVE TIMING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ESTIMATION OF EXHAUST MANIFOLD PRESSURE IN TURBOCHARGED GASOLINE ENGINES WITH VARIABLE VALVE TIMING in turbocharged gasoline engines with variable valve timing requires knowledge of exhaust mani- fold pressure, Pe control systems for gasoline engines rely heavily on feedforward air-fuel ratio (A/F) control to meet

Grizzle, Jessy W.

466

Study of Brazilian Gasoline Quality Using Hydrogen Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (1H NMR) Spectroscopy and Chemometrics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Study of Brazilian Gasoline Quality Using Hydrogen Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (1H NMR) Spectroscopy The identification of gasoline adulteration by organic solvents is not an easy task, because compounds that constitute the solvents are already in gasoline composition. In this work, the use of hydrogen nuclear

Ferreira, Márcia M. C.

467

The Origins of US Transportation Policy: Was There Ever Support for Gasoline Taxes?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Origins of US Transportation Policy: Was There Ever Support for Gasoline Taxes? Christopher R consumption. Missing from these policies were taxes on either oil or gasoline, prompting a long economics press. In doing so, I pay particular attention to whether gasoline taxes were "on the table," as well

Rothman, Daniel

468

ATOC/CHEM 5151 Problem 9 Combustion of Gasoline and Conservation of Mass  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ATOC/CHEM 5151 ­ Problem 9 Combustion of Gasoline and Conservation of Mass Answers will be posted Thursday, September 18, 2014 Gasoline is composed of a variety of hydrocarbons with 4 to 12 carbon atoms (e for the complete combustion of gasoline: _C8H18 + _O2 _CO2 + _H2O 1. Balance the equation (i.e., find

Toohey, Darin W.

469

Quantum motor and future  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a popular language, the possibilities of the Casimir expulsion effect are presented, which can be the basis of quantum motors. Such motors can be in the form of a special multilayer thin film with periodic and complex nanosized structures. Quantum motors of the type of the Casimir platforms can be the base of transportation, energy and many other systems in the future.

Fateev, Evgeny G

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Quantum motor and future  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a popular language, the possibilities of the Casimir expulsion effect are presented, which can be the basis of quantum motors. Such motors can be in the form of a special multilayer thin film with periodic and complex nanosized structures. Quantum motors of the type of the Casimir platforms can be the base of transportation, energy and many other systems in the future.

Evgeny G. Fateev

2013-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

471

Proton NMR characterization of gasolineethanol blends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) can be conveniently used for accurate measurement of water and ethanol concentrations in gasolineethanol fuel blends. The spectra also contain information on proton exchange rates. In addition, NMR pulsed-field-gradient diffusion measurement allows estimation of ethanolwater clusters and viscosity of the fuel blends.

A. Turanov; A.K. Khitrin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Investigation of Fatalities Due to Acute Gasoline Poisoning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......may be absent in some northern winter markets (4). In accor- dance with European...The GC-FID patterns of gasoline, diesel-fuel, kerosene, 645 turpentine, etc...and 6, 1-methylnaphtalene (A). Diesel fuel (425 mg/L) peak identification......

Mara A. Martnez; Salom Ballesteros

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

U.S. gasoline prices continue to decrease (short version)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to 3.27 a gallon on Monday. That's down 2.9 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy...

474

U.S. gasoline prices continue to increase (short version)  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to 3.29 a gallon on Monday. That's up 7.4 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy...

475

U.S. gasoline prices continue to decrease (long version)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to 3.35 a gallon on Monday. That's down 1.3 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy...

476

U.S. gasoline prices conotinue to increase (long version)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to 3.29 a gallon on Monday. That's up 7.4 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy...

477

U.S. gasoline prices continue to decrease (short version)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to 2.82 a gallon on Monday. That's down 7.3 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy...

478

U.S. gasoline prices decrease (short version)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to 3.64 a gallon on Monday. That's down 4.3 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy...

479

U.S. gasoline prices continue to decrease (long version)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to 3.27 a gallon on Monday. That's down 2.9 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy...

480

U.S. gasoline prices continue decrease (long version)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to 3.63 a gallon on Monday. That's down 1.4 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline includes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

U.S. gasoline prices continue decrease (long version)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to 3.56 a gallon on Monday. That's down 7.1 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy...

482

U.S. gasoline prices continue to decrease (short version)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to 3.35 a gallon on Monday. That's down 1.3 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy...

483

U.S. gasoline prices decrease (short version)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to 3.46 a gallon on Monday. That's down 2-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S....

484

U.S. gasoline prices continue to increase (short version)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to 3.55 a gallon on Monday. That's down 1.1 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy...

485

U.S. gasoline prices continue decrease (long version)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to 3.55 a gallon on Monday. That's down 1.1 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy...

486

U.S. gasoline prices continue to increase (short version)  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to 3.56 a gallon on Monday. That's down 7.1 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy...

487

U.S. gasoline prices decrease (long version)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to 3.64 a gallon on Monday. That's down 4.3 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy...

488

U.S. gasoline prices unchanged (short version)  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to 3.68 a gallon on Monday. That's down 2.6 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy...

489

U.S. gasoline prices continue to increase (short version)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to 3.63 a gallon on Monday. That's down 1.4 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy...

490

U.S. gasoline prices continue to decrease (short version)  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to 2.78 a gallon on Monday. That's down 4.3 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy...

491

U.S. gasoline prices continue to decrease (short version)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to 2.40 a gallon on Monday. That's down 15.1 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy...

492

Conversion of coal to gasoline in one single synthesis loop  

SciTech Connect

The process scheme for the conversion of syngas to gasoline via methanol (MeOH) developed by Mobil consists in essence of two independent synthesis loops, a MeOH and a gasoline loop. The first is a conventional MeOH-plant which produces raw MeOH. The raw MeOH is evaporated into a second synthesis loop, the methanol to gasoline (MTG) synthesis. This scheme is already in commercial operation in New Zealand. The syngas is produced by steam reforming of natural gas. A further development of this technology based on integration of the two syntheses is demonstrated in the Topsoe-Integrated-Gasoline-Synthesis, TIGAS. The main difference between the two schemes is that in the TIGAS process, the two loops, the MeOH synthesis and the Mobil MTG-process, are integrated into one single synthesis loop without isolation of MeOH as an intermediate. This results in a simple flow scheme and, hence, in substantial savings in investments and energy consumption.

Topp-Jorgensen, J.; Rostrup-Nielsen, J.R.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Advanced Gasoline Turbocharged Direct Injection (GTDI) Engine...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

combustion system includes "micro" stratified charge capability Air Flow & Air Fuel Spatial & Temporal Evolution "Micro" Stratified Charge * Overall Lean Homogeneous * Early...

494

Biomethane CNG hybrid: A reduction by more than 80% of the greenhouse gases emissions compared to gasoline  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent results of GDF SUEZ Research and Innovation Division (RID) activities on Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) vehicles are depicted in this paper: The prototype Toyota Prius II Hybrid CNG Vehicle, developed with IFP Energies Nouvelles, combines a natural gas thermal engine with a hybrid electric motorization. After optimization, CO2 emissions, measured on chassis dynamometer, were 76g/km on NEDC cycle. The use of raw biogas in CNG Vehicle has been explored. These tests have shown that raw biogas (not upgraded) can be used as a fuel, if blended with natural gas. In fact, the use of raw biogas can be envisaged in dedicated CNG engines, if new engine technologies (lean CNG combustion) are developed. In such a case natural gas can be blended with up to 70% volume of not upgraded biogas. The potential reduction of greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions related both to the optimization of the CNG vehicle and to the use of biomethane as a vehicle fuel has been evaluated. GHG emissions from CNG vehicles (mono-fuel and hybrid) may be significantly lower than emissions of gasoline vehicles: around 17% lower in the case of dedicated CNG Vehicle and up to 51% lower in the case of hybrid CNG vehicles. In addition, biomethane (from the anaerobic digestion of waste) brings the GHG emission levels, over the course of the life cycle, down to more than 80% compared to a gasoline vehicle. Emission levels are lowered by 87% in the case of the Toyota Prius CNG Hybrid prototype fuelled by biomethane produced from waste (in comparison to a gasoline vehicle). Thus, biomethane allows a reduction of GHG emissions far below the minimum required by the European Directive on the Promotion of Renewable Energy Sources (2009/28/EC). These results have shown that the combination of optimized and innovative engines with the use of biomethane as a fuel permits to significantly reduce the GHG emissions.

Olivier Bordelanne; Micheline Montero; Frdrique Bravin; Anne Prieur-Vernat; Olga Oliveti-Selmi; Hlne Pierre; Marion Papadopoulo; Thomas Muller

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version  

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Hydrogen, and Oxygenates (including fuel ethanol) 493 thousand barrels per day Motor Gasoline Blending Components (net) 152 thousand barrels per day Adjusted Finished Motor...

496

Techno-economic Analysis for the Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Gasoline via the Methanol-to-Gasoline (MTG) Process  

SciTech Connect

Biomass is a renewable energy resource that can be converted into liquid fuel suitable for transportation applications. As a widely available biomass form, lignocellulosic biomass can have a major impact on domestic transportation fuel supplies and thus help meet the Energy Independence and Security Act renewable energy goals (U.S. Congress 2007). With gasification technology, biomass can be converted to gasoline via methanol synthesis and methanol-to-gasoline (MTG) technologies. Producing a gasoline product that is infrastructure ready has much potential. Although the MTG technology has been commercially demonstrated with natural gas conversion, combining MTG with biomass gasification has not been shown. Therefore, a techno-economic evaluation for a biomass MTG process based on currently available technology was developed to provide information about benefits and risks of this technology. The economic assumptions used in this report are consistent with previous U.S. Department of Energy Office of Biomass Programs techno-economic assessments. The feedstock is assumed to be wood chips at 2000 metric ton/day (dry basis). Two kinds of gasification technologies were evaluated: an indirectly-heated gasifier and a directly-heated oxygen-blown gasifier. The gasoline selling prices (2008 USD) excluding taxes were estimated to be $3.20/gallon and $3.68/gallon for indirectly-heated gasified and directly-heated. This suggests that a process based on existing technology is economic only when crude prices are above $100/bbl. However, improvements in syngas cleanup combined with consolidated gasoline synthesis can potentially reduce the capital cost. In addition, improved synthesis catalysts and reactor design may allow increased yield.

Jones, Susanne B.; Zhu, Yunhua

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #675: May 16, 2011 Gasoline Prices by  

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5: May 16, 2011 5: May 16, 2011 Gasoline Prices by Region, May 2, 2011 to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #675: May 16, 2011 Gasoline Prices by Region, May 2, 2011 on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #675: May 16, 2011 Gasoline Prices by Region, May 2, 2011 on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #675: May 16, 2011 Gasoline Prices by Region, May 2, 2011 on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #675: May 16, 2011 Gasoline Prices by Region, May 2, 2011 on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #675: May 16, 2011 Gasoline Prices by Region, May 2, 2011 on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #675: May 16, 2011 Gasoline Prices by Region, May 2, 2011 on AddThis.com...

498

MotorWeek: Fuel Economy Focus  

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Navigational links Navigational links Site Map | Videos | Links | More Info | Search | Contacts | HOME www.fueleconomy.gov Photograph of Cars Find and Compare Cars | Gas Mileage Tips | Gasoline Prices | Your MPG Will Vary | Why is Fuel Economy Important? | Your MPG | Hybrids, Diesels, Alt Fuels, Etc. | Tax Incentives | Extreme MPG U.S. Department of Energy | Print the Fuel Economy Guide | U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Gas Mileage Tips Driving more efficiently Keeping your car in shape Planning and combining trips Choosing a more efficient vehicle More Info MotorWeek: Text Version Video: MotorWeek test showing impact of driving style on MPG. Fuel Economy Focus John Davis The window sticker on a new car contains lots of information besides just the price. For instance, down at the bottom are the all important government fuel economy estimates. But just like the price on the sticker may have little in common with what you actually pay for the car, the mileage estimates may also be far different from real world results. So, why does gas mileage vary so much? Well, the answers are as varied as your mileage.

499

Turn of the century refueling: A review of innovations in early gasoline refueling methods and analogies for hydrogen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

methods all preceded dedicated gasoline service stations, and each can be compared to onsite hydrogen production

Melaina, Marc W

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Fact #858 February 2, 2015 Retail Gasoline Prices in 2014 Experienced the Largest Decline since 2008 Dataset  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Excel file with dataset for Retail Gasoline Prices in 2014 Experienced the Largest Decline since 2008