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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline diesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Carbonyl Emissions from Gasoline and Diesel Motor Vehicles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the present study we describe measurements of gas- and particle-phase carbonyl emissions from light-duty gasoline (LDV) and heavy-duty diesel (HDDV) motor vehicles operated on a chassis dynamometer under realistic driving cycles. ... Vehicles were tested under a five-mode driving cycle (HHDDT, heavy heavy-duty diesel truck) consisting of 30-min idle, 17-min creep, and 11-min transient stages and two cruise stages of 34 and 31 min, with a top speed of 65 miles h?1 for the second cruise (30). ... In general, as the volatility of the carbonyl decreased, so did the PUF/total particulate carbonyl ratio. ...

Chris A. Jakober; Michael A. Robert; Sarah G. Riddle; Hugo Destaillats; M. Judith Charles; Peter G. Green; Michael J. Kleeman

2008-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

2

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Learn more... Learn more... Price trends and regional differences What causes fluctuations in motor gasoline prices? Retail gasoline prices are mainly affected by crude oil prices and the level of gasoline supply relative to demand. Strong and increasing demand for gasoline and other petroleum products in the United States and the rest of the world at times places intense pressure on available supplies. Even when crude oil prices are stable... read more in Gasoline Explained What causes fluctuations in diesel fuel oil prices? The retail price of a gallon of diesel fuel reflects the underlying costs and profits (or losses) of producing and delivering the product to customers. The price of diesel at the pump reflects the costs and profits of the entire production and distribution chain, including... read more in

3

Diesel vs Gasoline Production | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

vs Gasoline Production Diesel vs Gasoline Production A look at refinery decisions that decide "swing" between diesel and gasoline production deer08leister.pdf More Documents &...

4

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Methodology For Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Pump Components Methodology For Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Pump Components The components for the gasoline and diesel fuel pumps are calculated in the following manner in cents per gallon and then converted into a percentage: Crude Oil - the monthly average of the composite refiner acquisition cost, which is the average price of crude oil purchased by refiners. Refining Costs & Profits - the difference between the monthly average of the spot price of gasoline or diesel fuel (used as a proxy for the value of gasoline or diesel fuel as it exits the refinery) and the average price of crude oil purchased by refiners (the crude oil component). Distribution & Marketing Costs & Profits - the difference between the average retail price of gasoline or diesel fuel as computed from EIA's

5

Price of Motor Gasoline Through Retail Outlets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Prices, Sales Volumes & Stocks by State Prices, Sales Volumes & Stocks by State (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Data Series: Retail Price - Motor Gasoline Retail Price - Regular Gasoline Retail Price - Midgrade Gasoline Retail Price - Premium Gasoline Retail Price - Aviation Gasoline Retail Price - Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Retail Price - Propane Retail Price - Kerosene Retail Price - No. 1 Distillate Retail Price - No. 2 Distillate Retail Price - No. 2 Fuel Oil Retail Price - No. 2 Diesel Fuel Retail Price - No. 4 Fuel Oil Prime Supplier Sales - Motor Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Regular Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Midgrade Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Premium Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Aviation Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Prime Supplier Sales - Propane (Consumer Grade) Prime Supplier Sales - Kerosene Prime Supplier Sales - No. 1 Distillate Prime Supplier Sales - No. 2 Distillate Prime Supplier Sales - No. 2 Fuel Oil Prime Supplier Sales - No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prime Supplier Sales - No. 4 Fuel Oil Prime Supplier Sales - Residual Fuel Oil Stocks - Finished Motor Gasoline Stocks - Reformulated Gasoline Stocks - Conventional Gasoline Stocks - Motor Gasoline Blending Components Stocks - Kerosene Stocks - Distillate Fuel Oil Stocks - Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and under Sulfur Stocks - Distillate F.O., Greater than 15 to 500 ppm Sulfur Stocks - Distillate F.O., Greater 500 ppm Sulfur Stocks - Residual Fuel Oil Stocks - Propane/Propylene Period: Monthly Annual

6

Finished Motor Gasoline Net Production  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Data Series: Finished Motor Gasoline Finished Motor Gasoline (less Adj.) Reformulated Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Blenede w/ Fuel Ethanol Reformulated Other Gasoline Conventional Gasoline Conventional Gasoline Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol Conventional Gasoline Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol, Ed55 & Ed55 Other Conventional Gasoline Finished Motor Gasoline Adjustment Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene-Type Jet, Commercial Kerosene-Type Jet, Military Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate Fuel Oil, 15 ppm Sulfur and Under Distillate Fuel Oil > 15 ppm to 500 ppm Sulfur Distillate Fuel Oil > 500 ppm Sulfur Residual Fuel Oil Propane/Propylene Period: Weekly 4-Week Average

7

Motor gasolines, summer 1979  

SciTech Connect

Analytical data for 2401 samples of motor gasoline, from service stations throughout the country, were collected and analyzed under agreement between the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center and the American Petroleum Institute. The samples represent the products of 48 companies, large and small, which manufacture and supply gasoline. These data are tabulated by groups according to brands (unlabeled) and grades for 17 marketing areas and districts into which the country is divided. A map included in this report, shows marketing areas, districts and sampling locations. The report also includes charts indicating the trends of selected properties of motor fuels since 1949. Twelve octane distribution percent charts for areas 1, 2, 3, and 4 for unleaded, regular, and premium grades of gasoline are presented in this report. The antiknock (octane) index ((R + M)/2) averages of gasoline sold in this country were 88.6, 89.3, and 93.7 unleaded, regular, and premium grades of gasolines, respectively.

Shelton, E.M.

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Retail Motor Gasoline Prices*  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Gasoline pump prices have backed down from the high prices experienced last summer and fall. The retail price for regular motor gasoline fell 11 cents per gallon from September to December. However, with crude oil prices rebounding somewhat from their December lows combined with lower than normal stock levels, we project that prices at the pump will rise modestly as the 2001 driving season begins this spring. For the summer of 2001, we expect only a little difference from the average price of $1.50 per gallon seen during the previous driving season, as motor gasoline stocks going into the driving season are projected to be slightly less than they were last year. The situation of relatively low inventories for gasoline could set the stage for some regional imbalances in supply that could once again

9

Motor gasolines, summer 1980  

SciTech Connect

Analytical data for 2062 samples of motor gasoline were collected from service stations throughout the country and were analyzed in the laboratories of various refiners, motor manufacturers, and chemical companies. The data were submitted to the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center for study, necessary calculations, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC) and the American Petroleum Institute (API). The samples represent the products of 48 companies, large and small, which manufacture and supply gasoline. These data are tabulated by groups according to brands (unlabeled) and grades for 17 marketing districts into which the country is divided. A map included in this report, shows marketing areas, districts and sampling locations. The report also includes charts indicating the trends of selected properties of motor fuels since 1949. Twelve octane distribution percent charts for areas 1, 2, 3, and 4 for unleaded, regular, and premium grades of gasoline are presented in this report. The anitknock (octane) index ((R + M)/2) averages of gasolines sold in this country were 87.8 for the unleaded below 90.0, 91.6 for the unleaded 90.0 and above, 88.9 for the regular, and 92.8 for the premium grades of gasoline.

Shelton, E.M.

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Motor gasolines, Summer 1982  

SciTech Connect

The samples were collected from service stations throughout the country and were analyzed in the laboratories of various refiners, motor manufacturers, and chemical companies. The analytical data for 796 samples of motor gasoline, were submitted to the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center for study, necessary calculations, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC) and the American Petroleum Institute (API). They represent the products of 22 companies, large and small, which manufacture and supply gasoline. These data are tabulated by groups according to brands (unlabeled) and grades for 17 marketing districts into which the country is divided. A map included in this report, shows marketing areas, districts and sampling locations. The report also includes charts indicating the trends of selected properties of motor fuels since 1959. Sixteen octane distribution percent charts for areas 1, 2, 3, and 4 for unleaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 below 90.0, unleaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 90.0 and above, leaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 below 93.0, and leaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 93.0 and above grades of gasoline are presented in this report. The antiknock (octane) index (R + M)/2 averages of gasoline sold in this country were 87.3 for unleaded below 90.0, 91.7 for unleaded 90.0 and above, 89.0 for leaded below 93.0, and no data in this report for 93.0 and above grades of leaded gasoline.

Shelton, E.M.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Gasoline Sampling Methodology Gasoline Sampling Methodology The sample for the Motor Gasoline Price Survey was drawn from a frame of approximately 115,000 retail gasoline outlets. The gasoline outlet frame was constructed by combining information purchased from a private commercial source with information contained on existing EIA petroleum product frames and surveys. Outlet names, and zip codes were obtained from the private commercial data source. Additional information was obtained directly from companies selling retail gasoline to supplement information on the frame. The individual frame outlets were mapped to counties using their zip codes. The outlets were then assigned to the published geographic areas as defined by the EPA program area, or for conventional gasoline areas, as defined by the Census Bureau's Standard Metropolitan

12

Motor gasolines, summer 1981  

SciTech Connect

The samples were collected from service stations throughout the country and were analyzed in the laboratories of various refiners, motor manufacturers, and chemical companies. The analytical data for 715 samples of motor gasoline were submitted to the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center for study, necessary calculations, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC) and the American Petroleum Institute (API). They represent the products of 33 companies, large and small, which manufacture and supply gasoline. These data are tabulated by groups according to brands (unlabeled) and grades for 17 marketing included in this report shows marketing districts into which the country is divided. A map included in this report shows marketing areas, districts and sampling locations. The report also includes charts indicating the trends of selected properties of motor fuels since 1959. Sixteen octane distribution percent charts for areas 1, 2, 3, and 4 for unleaded antiknock index (R+M)/2 below 90.0, unleaded antiknock index (R+M)/2 90.0 and above, leaded antiknock index (R+M)/2 below 93.0, and leaded antiknock index (R+M)/2 93.0 and above grades of gasoline are presented in this report. The antiknock (octane) index (R+M)/2 averages of gasoline sold in this country were 87.4 for unleaded below 90.0, 91.3 for unleaded 90.0 and above, 89.0 for leaded below 93.0, and no data in this report for 93.0 and above grades of leaded gasoline.

Shelton, E.M.

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

DOE's Gasoline/Diesel PM Split Study | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

GasolineDiesel PM Split Study DOE's GasolineDiesel PM Split Study 2005 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentations and Posters 2005deerfujita.pdf More...

14

MTBE, Oxygenates, and Motor Gasoline  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

MTBE, Oxygenates, and MTBE, Oxygenates, and Motor Gasoline Contents * Introduction * Federal gasoline product quality regulations * What are oxygenates? * Who gets gasoline with oxygenates? * Which areas get MTBE? * How much has been invested in MTBE production capacity? * What does new Ethanol capacity cost? * What would an MTBE ban cost? * On-line information resources * Endnotes * Summary of revisions to this analysis Introduction The blending of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) into motor gasoline has increased dramatically since it was first produced 20 years ago. MTBE usage grew in the early 1980's in response to octane demand resulting initially from the phaseout of lead from gasoline and later from rising demand for premium gasoline. The oxygenated gasoline program stimulated an

15

Design Case Summary: Production of Gasoline and Diesel from Biomass...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Design Case Summary: Production of Gasoline and Diesel from Biomass via Fast Pyrolysis, Hydrotreating, and Hydrocracking Design Case Summary: Production of Gasoline and Diesel from...

16

Production of Gasoline and Diesel from Biomass via Fast Pyrolysis...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Production of Gasoline and Diesel from Biomass via Fast Pyrolysis, Hydrotreating and Hydrocracking: A Design Case Production of Gasoline and Diesel from Biomass via Fast Pyrolysis,...

17

Load Expansion with Diesel/Gasoline RCCI for Improved Engine...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

with DieselGasoline RCCI for Improved Engine Efficiency and Emissions Load Expansion with DieselGasoline RCCI for Improved Engine Efficiency and Emissions This poster will...

18

In Vitro Genotoxicity of Gasoline and Diesel Engine Vehicle Exhaust...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Gasoline and Diesel Engine Vehicle Exhaust Particulate and Semi-Volatile Organic Compound Materials In Vitro Genotoxicity of Gasoline and Diesel Engine Vehicle Exhaust Particulate...

19

1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004... 2005 2006 gasoline diesel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004... 2005 2006 gasoline diesel price +10% gasolinegasoline gasoline diesel... ... 2007 20081998 2009 ...2010 home work home work diesel diesel ... gasoline diesel price -7, households' decisions are affected by various other factors, from the vehicle market offer to governmental

Bierlaire, Michel

20

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diesel Fuel Pump Components History WHAT WE PAY FOR IN A GALLON OF DIESEL FUEL Mon-yr Retail Price (Dollars per gallon) Refining (percentage) Distribution & Marketing (percentage)...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline diesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Diesel and Gasoline Engine Emissions: Characterization of Atmosphere...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Gasoline Engine Emissions: Characterization of Atmosphere Composition and Health Responses to Inhaled Emissions Diesel and Gasoline Engine Emissions: Characterization of...

22

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Michigan Fleet Reduces Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use on AddThis.com... Feb. 11, 2010 Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use D iscover how the City of Ann Arbor reduced municipal fleet gas and diesel

23

DOE's Gasoline/Diesel PM Split Study | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Desert Research Institute 2003deerfujita.pdf More Documents & Publications DOE's GasolineDiesel PM Split Study DOE's GasolineDiesel PM Split Study Long-Term Changes in Gas-...

24

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Price Data Collection Procedures Price Data Collection Procedures Every Monday, retail on-highway diesel prices are collected by telephone and fax from a sample of approximately 350 retail diesel outlets, including truck stops and service stations. The data represent the price of ultra low sulfur diesel (ULSD) which contains less than 15 parts-per-million sulfur. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) requires that all on-highway diesel sold be ULSD by December 1, 2010 (September 1, 2006 in California). In January 2007, the weekly on-highway diesel price survey began collecting diesel prices for low sulfur diesel (LSD) which contains between 15 and 500 parts-per-million sulfur and ULSD separately. Prior to January 2007, EIA collected the price of on-highway fuel without distinguishing the sulfur

25

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Gasoline Price Data Collection Procedures Gasoline Price Data Collection Procedures Every Monday, retail prices for all three grades of gasoline are collected by telephone from a sample of approximately 800 retail gasoline outlets. The prices are published around 5:00 p.m. ET Monday, except on government holidays, when the data are released on Tuesday (but still represent Monday's price). The reported price includes all taxes and is the pump price paid by a consumer as of 8:00 A.M. Monday. This price represents the self-serve price except in areas having only full-serve. The price data are used to calculate weighted average price estimates at the city, state, regional and national levels using sales and delivery volume data from other EIA surveys and population estimates from the Bureau of Census.

26

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Procedures, Methodology, and Coefficients of Variation Procedures, Methodology, and Coefficients of Variation Diesel Fuel Price Data Collection Procedures Every Monday, cash self-serve on-highway diesel prices (including taxes) are collected from a sample of approximately 400 retail diesel outlets in the continental U.S. The sample includes a combination of truck stops and service stations that sell on-highway diesel fuel. The data represent the price of ultra low sulfur diesel (ULSD) which contains less than 15 parts-per-million sulfur. The prices are collected via telephone, fax, email, or the internet from participating outlets. All collected prices are subjected to automated edit checks during data collection and data processing. Data flagged by the edits are verified with the respondents. Imputation is used for companies

27

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Price Data Collection Procedures Price Data Collection Procedures Every Monday, cash self-serve on-highway diesel prices (including taxes) are collected from a sample of approximately 400 retail diesel outlets in the continental U.S. The sample includes a combination of truck stops and service stations that sell on-highway diesel fuel. The data represent the price of ultra low sulfur diesel (ULSD) which contains less than 15 parts-per-million sulfur. The prices are collected via telephone, fax, email, or the internet from participating outlets. All collected prices are subjected to automated edit checks during data collection and data processing. Data flagged by the edits are verified with the respondents. Imputation is used for companies that cannot be contacted and for reported prices that are extreme outliers.

28

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Procedures, Methodology, and Coefficients of Variation Procedures, Methodology, and Coefficients of Variation Gasoline Price Data Collection Procedures Every Monday, retail prices for all three grades of gasoline are collected by telephone from a sample of approximately 800 retail gasoline outlets. The prices are published around 5:00 p.m. ET Monday, except on government holidays, when the data are released on Tuesday (but still represent Monday's price). The reported price includes all taxes and is the pump price paid by a consumer as of 8:00 A.M. Monday. This price represents the self-serve price except in areas having only full-serve. The price data are used to calculate weighted average price estimates at the city, state, regional and national levels using sales and delivery volume data from other EIA surveys and population estimates from the Bureau of Census.

29

EIS-0039: Motor Gasoline Deregulation and the Gasoline Tilt  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Economic Regulatory Administration developed this EIS to evaluate the environmental impacts, including social and economic impacts, that may result from either of two proposed regulatory changes: (1) the exemption of motor gasoline from the Department of Energy's Mandatory Petroleum Price and Allocation Regulations, and (2) the adoption of the gasoline tilt, a proposed regulation that would allow refiners to recover an additional amount of their total increased costs on gasoline.

30

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Sampling Methodology Sampling Methodology The sample design for the weekly diesel price survey was a two-phase design. The first phase constituted construction of a frame of 2,207 company-State units (CSUs) from the combination of two sample cycles of the EIA-782A and EIA-782B surveys that collected monthly petroleum products' sales at the State level. For sampling purposes, any combination of State and company where diesel was sold through retail outlets as reported on the EIA-782 surveys defined a CSU, the sampling unit. For the second phase, a sub-sample of the 2,207 CSUs from phase 1 was selected using probability proportional to size (PPS). The measure of size for each of the two sample cycles separately was normalized using the annual State sales' volumes from the monthly survey divided by the unit's

31

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Sampling Methodology Sampling Methodology The respondents reporting to the weekly diesel price survey represent a stratified probability proportional to size (PPS) sample selected from a frame list of retail outlets. The outlet sampling frame was constructed using commercially available lists from several sources in order to provide comprehensive coverage of truck stops and service stations that sell on-highway diesel fuel in the United States. The frame includes about 62,000 service stations and 4,000 truck stops. Due to statistical and operational considerations, outlets in the States of Alaska and Hawaii are excluded from the target population. The primary publication cells of the survey include Petroleum Administration for Defense Districts (PADDs) 2-4, three sub-PADDs within

32

Motor Gasoline Outlook and State MTBE Bans  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Motor Gasoline Outlook Motor Gasoline Outlook and State MTBE Bans Tancred Lidderdale Contents 1. Summary 2. MTBE Supply and Demand 3. Ethanol Supply 4. Gasoline Supply 5. Gasoline Prices A. Long-Term Equilibrium Price Analysis B. Short-Term Price Volatility 6. Conclusion 7. Appendix A. Estimating MTBE Consumption by State 8. Appendix B. MTBE Imports and Exports 9. Appendix C. Glossary of Terms 10. End Notes 11. References 1. Summary The U.S. is beginning the summer 2003 driving season with lower gasoline inventories and higher prices than last year. Recovery from this tight gasoline market could be made more difficult by impending State bans on the blending of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) into gasoline that are scheduled to begin later this year. Three impending State bans on MTBE blending could significantly affect gasoline

33

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Gasoline Pump Components History Gasoline Pump Components History WHAT WE PAY FOR IN A GALLON OF REGULAR GASOLINE Mon-yr Retail Price (Dollars per gallon) Refining (percentage) Distribution & Marketing (percentage) Taxes (percentage) Crude Oil (percentage) Jan-00 1.289 7.8 13.0 32.1 47.1 Feb-00 1.377 17.9 7.5 30.1 44.6 Mar-00 1.517 15.4 12.8 27.3 44.6 Apr-00 1.465 10.1 20.2 28.3 41.4 May-00 1.485 20.2 9.2 27.9 42.7 Jun-00 1.633 22.2 8.8 25.8 43.1 Jul-00 1.551 13.2 15.8 27.2 43.8 Aug-00 1.465 15.8 7.5 28.8 47.8 Sep-00 1.550 15.4 9.0 27.2 48.3 Oct-00 1.532 13.7 10.1 27.5 48.6 Nov-00 1.517 10.4 11.8 27.8 50.0 Dec-00 1.443 8.0 17.9 29.2 44.8 Jan-01 1.447 17.8 10.4 29.2 42.7 Feb-01 1.450 17.3 11.0 29.1 42.6 Mar-01 1.409 18.8 9.7 30.0 41.5

34

CO2 Emission Benefit of Diesel (versus Gasoline) Powered Vehicles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Increased penetration of diesel powered vehicles into the market is a possible transition strategy toward a more sustainable transportation system. ... We report herein a quantitative analysis of the CO2 emission benefits of diesel vehicles versus their gasoline equivalents for 2001 MY and 2015 MY in European and North American markets. ... However, more stringent tailpipe NOx emissions standards are likely to have a greater negative impact on diesel engines, further reducing the advantages of future diesels relative to gasoline engines. ...

J. L. Sullivan; R. E. Baker; B. A. Boyer; R. H. Hammerle; T. E. Kenney; L. Muniz; T. J. Wallington

2004-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

35

Characterization and analysis of diesel exhaust odor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Characterization and analysis of diesel exhaust odor ... Carbonyl and Nitrogen Dioxide Emissions From Gasoline- and Diesel-Powered Motor Vehicles ...

Patricia A. Partridge; Francis J. Shala; Nicholas P. Cernansky; Irwin H. Suffet

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

EIA-878 Motor Gasoline Price Survey ? Reference Guide  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 Motor Gasoline Price Survey - Reference Guide For the purposes of the Motor Gasoline Price Survey (EIA-878), we collect prices for the following gasoline grades as defined by...

37

Load Expansion with Diesel/Gasoline RCCI for Improved Engine Efficiency and Emissions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This poster will describe preliminary emission results of gasoline/diesel RCCI in a medium-duty diesel engine.

38

U.S. average gasoline and diesel fuel prices expected to be slightly lower in 2013 than in 2012  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

average gasoline and diesel fuel prices expected to be average gasoline and diesel fuel prices expected to be slightly lower in 2013 than in 2012 Despite the recent run-up in gasoline prices, the U.S. Energy Information Administration expects falling crude oil prices will lead to a small decline in average motor fuel costs this year compared with last year. The price for regular gasoline is expected to average $3.55 a gallon in 2013 and $3.39 next year, according to EIA's new Short-Term Energy Outlook. That's down from $3.63 a gallon in 2012. For the short-term, however, pump prices are expected to peak at $3.73 per gallon in May because of higher seasonal fuel demand and refiners switching their production to make cleaner burning gasoline for the summer. Diesel fuel will continue to cost more than gasoline because of strong global demand for diesel.

39

Elucidating secondary organic aerosol from diesel and gasoline vehicles through detailed characterization of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Elucidating secondary organic aerosol from diesel and gasoline vehicles through detailed 19, 2012 (received for review July 22, 2012) Emissions from gasoline and diesel vehicles composition, mass distribu- tion, and organic aerosol formation potential of emissions from gasoline

Silver, Whendee

40

Motor gasolines, winter 1979-1980  

SciTech Connect

Analytical data for 1857 samples of motor gasoline, were collected from service stations throughout the country and were analyzed in the laboratories of various refiners, motor manufacturers, and chemical companies. The data were submitted to the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center for study, necessary calculations, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC) and the American Petroleum Institute (API). The samples represent the products of 48 companies, large and small, which manufacture and supply gasoline. These data are tabulated by groups according to brands (unlabeled) and grades for 17 marketing districts into which the country is divided. A map included in this report shows marketing areas districts and sampling locations. The report also includes charts indicating the trends of selected properties of motor fuels since 1949. Twelve octane distribution percent charts for areas, 1, 2, 3, and 4 for unleaded, regular, and premium grades of gasoline are presented in this report. The antiknock (octane) index ((R+M)/2) averages of gasoline sold in this country were 87.9, 92.1, 89.0, and 93.3 unleaded below 90.0, unleaded 90.0 and above, regular, and premium grades of gasolines, respectively.

Shelton, E.M.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline diesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Motor gasolines, Winter 1980-81  

SciTech Connect

Analytical data for 546 samples of motor gasoline, were collected from service stations throughout the country and were analyzed in the laboratories of various refiners, motor manufacturers, and chemical companies. The data were submitted to the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center for study, necessary calculations, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC) and the American Petroleum Institute (API). The samples represent the products of 23 companies, large and small, which manufacture and supply gasoline. These data are tabulated by groups according to brands (unlabeled) and grades for 17 marketing districts into which the country is divided. A map included in this report, shows marketing areas, districts and sampling locations. The report also includes charts indicating the trends of selected properties of motor fuels since 1959. Sixteen octane distribution percent charts for areas 1, 2, 3, and 4 for unleaded antiknock index (R+M)/2 below 90.0, unleaded antiknock index (R+M)/2 90.0 and above, leaded antiknock index (R+M)/2 below 93.0, and leaded antiknock index (R+M)/2 93.0 and above grades of gasoline are presented in this report. The antiknock (octane) index (R+M)/2 averages of gasoline sold in this country were 87.6 unleaded below 90.0, 91.4 unleaded 90.0 and above, 89.1 leaded below 93.0, and 93.3 leaded 93.0 and above grades of gasoline.

Shelton, E.M.

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Summer 2002 Motor Gasoline Outlook2.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Summer 2002 Motor Gasoline Outlook Summary For the upcoming summer season (April to September 2002), rising average crude oil costs are expected to yield above -average seasonal gasoline price increases at the pump. However, year-over-year comparisons for pump prices are still likely to be lower this summer. Inventories are at higher levels than last year in April, so some cushion against early-season price spikes is in place and price levels are expected to range below last year's averages, assuming no unanticipated disruptions. Still, OPEC production restraint and tightening world oil markets now probably mark the end of the brief respite (since last fall) from two years of relatively high gasoline prices. * Retail gasoline prices (regular grade) are expected to average $1.46 per gallon, 5

43

Blender Net Production of Finished Motor Gasoline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Product: Total Finished Motor Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Reformulated Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol Reformulated Other Conventional Gasoline Conventional Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol Conventional Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol, Ed55 and Lower Conventional Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol, Greater than Ed55 Conventional Other Finished Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm Sulfur and under Distillate F.O., Greater than 15 ppm to 500 ppm Sulfur Distillate F.O., Greater than 500 ppm Sulfur Residual Fuel Oil Residual Fuel Less Than 0.31 Percent Sulfur Residual Fuel 0.31 to 1.00 Percent Sulfur Residual Fuel Greater Than 1.00 Percent Sulfur Special Naphthas Lubricants Asphalt and Road Oil Miscellaneous Products Processing Gain(-) or Loss(+) Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

44

Summer 2003 Motor Gasoline Outlook.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3 3 1 Short-Term Energy Outlook April 2003 Summer 2003 Motor Gasoline Outlook Summary For the upcoming summer season (April to September 2003), high crude oil costs and other factors are expected to yield average retail motor gasoline prices higher than those of last year. Current crude oil prices reflect a substantial uncertainty premium due to concerns about the current conflict in the Persian Gulf, lingering questions about whether Venezuelan oil production will recover to near pre-strike levels in time for the peak driving season, and the impact of recent disruptions in Nigerian oil output. Moreover, unusually low crude oil and gasoline inventory levels at the outset of the driving season are expected to keep prices high throughout much of the

45

Motor gasolines, winter 1981-1982  

SciTech Connect

Analytical data for 905 samples of motor gasoline, were collected from service stations throughout the country and were analyzed in the laboratories of various refiners, motor manufacturers, and chemical companies. The data were submitted to the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center for study, necessary calculations, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC) and the American Petroleum Institute (API). The samples represent the products of 30 companies, large and small, which manufacture and supply gasoline. These data are tabulated by groups according to brands (unlabeled) and grades for 17 marketing districts into which the country is divided. A map included in this report, shows marketing areas, districts and sampling locations. The report also includes charts indicating the trends of selected properties of motor fuels since winter 1959-1960 survey for the leaded gasolines, and since winter 1979-1980 survey for the unleaded gasolines. Sixteen octane distribution percent charts for areas 1, 2, 3, and 4 for unleaded antiknock index (R+M)/2 below 90.0, unleaded antiknock index (R+M)/2 90.0 and above, leaded antiknock index (R+M)/2 below 93.0, and leaded antiknock index (R+M)/2 93.0 and above grades of gasoline are presented in this report. The antiknock (octane) index (R+M)/2 averages of gasoline sold in this country were 87.4 for unleaded below 90.0, 91.7 for unleaded 90.0 and above, and 88.9 for leaded below 93.0. Only one sample was reported as 93.0 for leaded gasolines with an antiknock index (R+M)/2 93.0 and above.

Shelton, E M

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Motor gasolines, winter 1982-83  

SciTech Connect

Analytical data for 1330 samples of motor gasoline, were collected from service stations throughout the country and were analyzed in the laboratories of various refiners, motor manufacturers, and chemical companies. The data were submitted to the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center for study, necessary calculations, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC) and the American Petroleum Institute (API). The samples represent the products of 28 companies, large and small, which manufacture and supply gasoline. These data are tabulated by groups according to brands (unlabeled) and grades for 17 marketing districts into which the country is divided. A map included in this report, shows marketing areas, districts and sampling locations. The report also includes charts indicating the trends of selected properties of motor fuels since winter 1959-1960 survey for the leaded gasolines, and since winter 1979-1980 survey for the unleaded gasolines. Sixteen octane distribution percent charts for areas 1, 2, 3, and 4 for unleaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 below 90.0, unleaded antiknock index (R + M/2 90.0 and above, leaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 below 93.0, and leaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 93.0 and above grades of gasoline are presented in this report. The antiknock (octane) index (R + M)/2 averages of gasoline sold in this country were 87.3 for unleaded below 90.0, 91.5 for unleaded 90.0 and above, and 89.1 for leaded below 93.0, and no data was reported in this report for leaded gasolines with an antiknock index (R + M)/2 93.0 and above. 21 figures, 5 tables.

Shelton, E.M.

1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Application of positive matrix factorization to on-road measurements for source apportionment of diesel- and gasoline-powered vehicle emissions in Mexico City  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The goal of this research is to quantify diesel- and gasoline-powered motor vehicle emissions within the Mexico City Metropolitan Area (MCMA) using on-road measurements captured by a mobile laboratory combined with positive ...

Thornhill, D. A.

48

Demand, Supply, and Price Outlook for Reformulated Motor Gasoline 1995  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Demand, Supply, and Price Outlook for Reformulated Demand, Supply, and Price Outlook for Reformulated Motor Gasoline 1995 by Tancred Lidderdale* Provisions of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 designed to reduce ground-level ozone will increase the demand for reformulated motor gaso- line in a number of U.S. metropolitan areas. Refor- mulated motor gasoline is expected to constitute about one-third of total motor gasoline demand in 1995, and refiners will have to change plant opera- tions and modify equipment in order to meet the higher demand. The costs incurred are expected to create a wholesale price premium for reformu- lated motor gasoline of up to 4.0 cents per gallon over the price of conventional motor gasoline. This article discusses the effects of the new regulations on the motor gasoline market and the refining

49

Petroleum Products Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 56 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1996 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD...

50

Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 262 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1996 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type,...

51

Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 262 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1997 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type,...

52

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per...

53

Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

54

Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

55

Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

- - - - W W - - - - - - See footnotes at end of table. 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 86 Energy Information...

56

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per...

57

Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

58

Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

59

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

- - - - W W - - - - - - See footnotes at end of table. 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 292 Energy Information...

60

Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

- - - - - - - - - - - - See footnotes at end of table. 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 116 Energy Information...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline diesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

62

Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

63

Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Petroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by Grade, Formulation, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued...

64

Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by Grade, Formulation, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued...

65

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per...

66

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

67

Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

68

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

69

Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Petroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by Grade, Formulation, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued...

70

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

71

Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

- - - - 64.7 64.7 - - - - - - See footnotes at end of table. 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 86 Energy Information...

72

Elucidating secondary organic aerosol from diesel and gasoline vehicles through detailed characterization of organic carbon emissions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the SOA potential of diesel emissions, especially...improve heavy-duty diesel engine performance with postcombustion...attention to gasoline and diesel fuel composition and emissions...carbon. Although total consumption of oil is minor relative...

Drew R. Gentner; Gabriel Isaacman; David R. Worton; Arthur W. H. Chan; Timothy R. Dallmann; Laura Davis; Shang Liu; Douglas A. Day; Lynn M. Russell; Kevin R. Wilson; Robin Weber; Abhinav Guha; Robert A. Harley; Allen H. Goldstein

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

U.S. Motor Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Product: Motor Gasoline Regular Gasoline Midgrade Gasoline Premium Gasoline Conventional Gasoline Oxygenated Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Product: Motor Gasoline Regular Gasoline Midgrade Gasoline Premium Gasoline Conventional Gasoline Oxygenated Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Product Sales Type Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Sales to End Users, Total 28,179.6 24,384.0 24,143.9 23,567.1 24,120.5 23,282.9 1983-2013 Through Retail Outlets 26,507.1 22,632.7 22,641.3 22,038.2 22,474.5 21,660.0 1983-2013 Sales for Resale, Total NA NA NA NA NA NA 1983-2013 DTW 24,954.1 29,704.3 30,138.3 29,222.8 30,011.9 28,880.3 1994-2013 Rack 236,373.7 242,166.6 243,892.5 243,789.7 248,761.4 237,431.5 1994-2013

74

Atmospheric Environment 38 (2004) 14171423 Measurements of ion concentration in gasoline and diesel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Atmospheric Environment 38 (2004) 1417­1423 Measurements of ion concentration in gasoline of a gasoline engine (K-car) and a diesel engine (diesel generator). Under the experimental set-up reported all of the ions smaller than 3 nm in the gasoline engine exhaust, and is above 2.7 � 108 cm�3

Yu, Fangqun

75

Production of synthetic gasoline and diesel fuel from nonpetroleum resources  

SciTech Connect

In late 1985, the New Zealand Gas-to-Gasoline Complex was successfully streamed producing high octane gasoline from natural gas. The heart of this complex is the Mobil fixed-bed Methanol-to-Gasoline (MTG) section which represents one of several newly developed technologies for production of synthetic gasoline and diesel fuels. All of these technologies are based on production of methanol by conventional technology, followed by conversion of the methanol to transportation fuel. The fixed-bed (MTG) process has been developed and commercialized. The fluid-bed version of the MTG process, which is now also available for commercial license, has a higher thermal efficiency and possesses substantial yield and octane number advantages over the fixed-bed. Successful scale-up was completed in 1984 in a 100 BPD semi-works plant in Wesseling, Federal Republic of Germany. The project was funded jointly by the U.S. and German governments and by the industrial participants: Mobil, Union Rheinsche Braunkohlen Kraftstoff, AG; and Uhde, GmbH. This fluid-bed MTG project was extended recently to demonstrate a related fluid-bed process for selective conversion of methanol to olefins (MTO). The MTO process can be combined with Mobil's commercially available olefins conversion process (Mobil-Olefins-to-Gasoline-and-Distillate, MOGD) for coproduction of high quality gasoline and distillate via methanol. This MTO process was also successfully demonstrated at the Wesseling semiworks with this project being completed in late 1985.

Tabak, S.A.; Avidan, A.A.; Krambeck, F.J.

1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Microsoft Word - Summer 2004 Motor Gasoline Outlook.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

April 2004 April 2004 Summer 2004 Motor Gasoline Outlook Summary * Gasoline markets are tight as the 2004 driving season begins and conditions are likely to remain volatile through the summer. High crude oil costs, strong gasoline demand growth, low gasoline inventories, uncertainty about the availability of gasoline imports, high transportation costs, and changes in gasoline specifications have added to current and expected gasoline costs and pump prices. * For the upcoming summer driving season (April to September 2004), retail gasoline prices (regular grade, all formulations) are projected to average $1.76 per gallon, about 20 cents above last summer. A 95-percent confidence range for the summer price average, excluding specific consideration of major

77

Fact #645: October 18, 2010 Price of Diesel Fuel versus Gasoline...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

gasoline and diesel prices (dollars per gallon) in the European countries: France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and United Kingdom. For more detailed information, see supporting...

78

Motor Gasoline Outlook and State MTBE Bans  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The U.S. is beginning the summer 2003 driving season with lower gasoline inventories and higher prices than last year. Recovery from this tight gasoline market could be made more difficult by impending state bans on the blending of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) into gasoline that are scheduled to begin later this year.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

all petroleum reports all petroleum reports Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update Gasoline Release Date: December 16, 2013 | Next Release Date: December 23, 2013 Diesel Fuel Release Date: December 16, 2013 | Next Release Date: December 23, 2013 U.S. Regular Gasoline Prices* (dollars per gallon)full history Change from 12/02/13 12/09/13 12/16/13 week ago year ago U.S. 3.272 3.269 3.239 values are down -0.030 values are down -0.015 East Coast (PADD1) 3.389 3.382 3.373 values are down -0.009 values are up 0.023 New England (PADD1A) 3.475 3.494 3.508 values are up 0.014 values are up 0.015 Central Atlantic (PADD1B) 3.441 3.447 3.457 values are up 0.010 values are down -0.029 Lower Atlantic (PADD1C) 3.325 3.300 3.270 values are down -0.030 values are up 0.063

80

Petroleum Products Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

99.2 - 105.3 See footnotes at end of table. 56 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2000 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline diesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Petroleum Products Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

66.6 - 72.3 See footnotes at end of table. 56 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD...

82

Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

133.6 - 276.4 See footnotes at end of table. 220 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2000 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type,...

83

Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

201.3 - 453.3 See footnotes at end of table. 262 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type,...

84

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2,026.7 W W 234.5 161.7 - 396.3 See footnotes at end of table. 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 262 Energy Information...

85

Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

70.8 92.7 90.7 81.5 72.8 - 78.0 See footnotes at end of table. 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 146 Energy Information...

86

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2,222.4 W W 206.4 134.3 - 340.7 See footnotes at end of table. 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 262 Energy Information...

87

Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

466.1 466.1 See footnotes at end of table. 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by Grade, Formulation, PAD District, and State 356 Energy Information Administration...

88

Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

71.7 92.3 89.9 82.6 72.7 - 78.2 See footnotes at end of table. 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 146 Energy Information...

89

Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

532.1 532.1 See footnotes at end of table. 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by Grade, Formulation, PAD District, and State 356 Energy Information Administration...

90

Restructuring: The Changing Face of Motor Gasoline Marketing  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This report reviews the U.S. motor gasoline marketing industry during the period 1990 to 1999, focusing on changes that occurred during the period. The report incorporates financial and operating data from the Energy Information Administration's Financial Reporting System (FRS), motor gasoline outlet counts collected by the National Petroleum News from the states, and U.S. Census Bureau salary and employment data published in County Business Patterns.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Effect of two-stage injection on combustion and emissions under high EGR rate on a diesel engine by fueling blends of diesel/gasoline, diesel/n-butanol, diesel/gasoline/n-butanol and pure diesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The effect of two-stage injection on combustion and emission characteristics under high EGR (46%) condition were experimentally investigated. Four different fuels including pure diesel and blended fuels of diesel/gasoline, diesel/n-butanol, diesel/gasoline/n-butanol were tested. Results show that blending gasoline or/and n-butanol in diesel improves smoke emissions while induces increase in maximum pressure rise rate (MPRR). Adopting pilot injection close to main injection can effectively reduce the peak of premixed heat release rate and MPRR. However, for fuels blends with high percentage of low cetane number fuel, the effect of pilot fuel on ignition can be neglected and the improvement of MPRR is not that obvious. Pilot-main interval presents more obvious effect on smoke than pilot injection rate does, and the smoke emissions decrease with increasing pilot-main interval. A longer main-post interval results in a lower post heat release rate and prolonged combustion duration. While post injection rate has little effect on the start of ignition for post injection. The variation in fuel properties caused by blending gasoline or/and n-butanol into diesel does not impose obvious influence on post combustion. The smoke emission increases first and then declines with retard of post injection timing. Compared to diesel, the smoke emissions of blended fuels are more sensitive to the variation of post injection strategy.

Zunqing Zheng; Lang Yue; Haifeng Liu; Yuxuan Zhu; Xiaofan Zhong; Mingfa Yao

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Motor Exhaust-related Occupations and Bladder Cancer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...effects of diesel and gasoline engine exhaust...from the general population...Registrar General's decennial...14), diesel and traffic...gasoline engines (20, 21...that in the general population...Exposure to Diesel Exhaust...Motor Vehicle Engines; Gaseous...

Debra T. Silverman; Robert N. Hoover; Thomas J. Mason; and G. Marie Swanson

1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Maximizing Potential of Diesel and Gasoline for a Cleaner, More Efficient  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Maximizing Potential of Diesel and Gasoline for a Cleaner, More Maximizing Potential of Diesel and Gasoline for a Cleaner, More Efficient Engine Maximizing Potential of Diesel and Gasoline for a Cleaner, More Efficient Engine September 27, 2011 - 3:52pm Addthis A team of researchers and engineers at Argonne National Laboratory, led by Steve Ciatti, pictured above, is looking at the possibility of using gasoline to power diesel engines, thereby increasing overall efficiency and reducing pollution. | Image courtesy of ANL A team of researchers and engineers at Argonne National Laboratory, led by Steve Ciatti, pictured above, is looking at the possibility of using gasoline to power diesel engines, thereby increasing overall efficiency and reducing pollution. | Image courtesy of ANL Bryan Wheeler Intern, Office of Science

94

Maximizing Potential of Diesel and Gasoline for a Cleaner, More Efficient  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Maximizing Potential of Diesel and Gasoline for a Cleaner, More Maximizing Potential of Diesel and Gasoline for a Cleaner, More Efficient Engine Maximizing Potential of Diesel and Gasoline for a Cleaner, More Efficient Engine September 27, 2011 - 3:52pm Addthis A team of researchers and engineers at Argonne National Laboratory, led by Steve Ciatti, pictured above, is looking at the possibility of using gasoline to power diesel engines, thereby increasing overall efficiency and reducing pollution. | Image courtesy of ANL A team of researchers and engineers at Argonne National Laboratory, led by Steve Ciatti, pictured above, is looking at the possibility of using gasoline to power diesel engines, thereby increasing overall efficiency and reducing pollution. | Image courtesy of ANL Bryan Wheeler Intern, Office of Science

95

Speciation of Nitrogen Compounds in Gasoline and Diesel Range Process Streams by Capillary Column Gas Chromatography with Chemiluminescence Detection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Compounds in Gasoline and Diesel Range Process Streams...compounds in gasoline and diesel range process streams...compounds. Gasoline and diesel range streams containing...qualitative analyses of light cycle oil and crude oil (12...HP-5890 series II) and the general location of each flow-related......

Birbal Chawla

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Converting the Sun's Heat to Gasoline Solar Fuel Corporation is a clean tech company transforming the way gasoline, diesel and hydrogen fuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Converting the Sun's Heat to Gasoline Solar Fuel Corporation is a clean tech company transforming the way gasoline, diesel and hydrogen fuels are created and produced. The company has a proprietary technology for converting solar thermal en- ergy (the sun's heat) to fuel (e.g., gasoline, diesel, hydrogen

Jawitz, James W.

97

Emission Characteristics of a Diesel Engine Operating with In-Cylinder Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Blending  

SciTech Connect

Advanced combustion regimes such as homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) and premixed charge compression ignition (PCCI) offer benefits of reduced nitrogen oxides (NOx) and particulate matter (PM) emissions. However, these combustion strategies often generate higher carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrocarbon (HC) emissions. In addition, aldehydes and ketone emissions can increase in these modes. In this study, the engine-out emissions of a compression-ignition engine operating in a fuel reactivity- controlled PCCI combustion mode using in-cylinder blending of gasoline and diesel fuel have been characterized. The work was performed on a 1.9-liter, 4-cylinder diesel engine outfitted with a port fuel injection system to deliver gasoline to the engine. The engine was operated at 2300 rpm and 4.2 bar brake mean effective pressure (BMEP) with the ratio of gasoline to diesel fuel that gave the highest engine efficiency and lowest emissions. Engine-out emissions for aldehydes, ketones and PM were compared with emissions from conventional diesel combustion. Sampling and analysis was carried out following micro-tunnel dilution of the exhaust. Particle geometric mean diameter, number-size distribution, and total number concentration were measured by a scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS). For the particle mass measurements, samples were collected on Teflon-coated quartz-fiber filters and analyzed gravimetrically. Gaseous aldehydes and ketones were sampled using dinitrophenylhydrazine-coated solid phase extraction cartridges and the extracts were analyzed by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS). In addition, emissions after a diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC) were also measured to investigate the destruction of CO, HC and formaldehydes by the catalyst.

Prikhodko, Vitaly Y [ORNL; Curran, Scott [ORNL; Barone, Teresa L [ORNL; Lewis Sr, Samuel Arthur [ORNL; Storey, John Morse [ORNL; Cho, Kukwon [ORNL; Wagner, Robert M [ORNL; Parks, II, James E [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

,"New York Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices" Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New York Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices",12,"Weekly","12/16/2013","6/5/2000" ,"Release Date:","12/16/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","12/23/2013" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_pri_gnd_dcus_sny_w.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pri_gnd_dcus_sny_w.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

99

,"New York City Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

City Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices" City Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New York City Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices",8,"Weekly","12/16/2013","6/5/2000" ,"Release Date:","12/16/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","12/23/2013" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_pri_gnd_dcus_y35ny_w.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pri_gnd_dcus_y35ny_w.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

100

Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

W W 78.6 W 85.7 81.8 W 69.3 73.8 See footnotes at end of table. 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District and State 176 Energy Information...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline diesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

W 70.5 78.9 W 76.0 83.6 W 69.2 75.2 See footnotes at end of table. 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District and State 176 Energy Information...

102

Farm Fuel Safety Accidents in the handling, use and storage of gasoline, gasohol, diesel fuel, LP-gas and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

112 Farm Fuel Safety Accidents in the handling, use and storage of gasoline, gasohol, diesel fuel and by keeping fuel storage facilities in top condition. Flammable Liquids and Gases Gasoline, diesel fuel, LP flammability and safety precautions. Do not keep gasoline inside the home or transport it in the trunks

103

Estimation of Individual C8 to C10 Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Naphthas and Motor Gasolines by Capillary Gas Chromatography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......naphthas and motor gasolines is o f great importance...C10 aromatics in straight run, processed naphtha...reformed, and motor gasolines), or i n aromatic...analysis in any straight run, reformed naphthas, and gasolines with final boiling......

Basant Kumar; R.K. Kuchhal; Pradeep Kumar; P.L. Gupta

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Hybrid combustion-premixed gasoline homogeneous charge ignited by injected diesel fuel-4-stroke cycle engines  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the formation and testing of two hybrid combustion engines, wherein a premixed gasoline homogeneous charge was ignited by a small amount of injected diesel fuel under high compression ratio, by modifying open chamber and prechamber 4-stroke cycle diesel engines. It was found that the premixed gasoline was effective not only for decreasing the fuel consumption but also for reducing the smoke density both in the heavy and over-load regions. The effect of introducing a small amount N/sub 2/ gas for suppressing the diesel knock in the heavy load region also was examined.

Yonetani, H.; Okanishi, N.; Fukutani, I.; Watanabe, E.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Motor Gasoline Market Spring 2007 and Implications for Spring 2008  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Motor Gasoline Market Spring 2007 Motor Gasoline Market Spring 2007 and Implications for Spring 2008 April 2008 Energy Information Administration Office of Oil and Gas U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. The information contained herein should be attributed to the Energy Information Administration and should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the U.S. Department of Energy or any other organization. Service Reports are prepared by the Energy Information Administration upon special request and are based on assumptions specified by the requestor. Preface and Contacts

106

FedEx Express Gasoline Hybrid Electric Delivery Truck Evaluation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

fleet that operates more than 30,000 motorized vehicles and has hybrid electric (diesel and gasoline) vehicles currently in service. FedEx Express has deployed 20 gasoline...

107

MTBE, Oxygenates, and Motor Gasoline (Released in the STEO October 1999)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The blending of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) into motor gasoline has increased dramatically since it was first produced 20 years ago. MTBE usage grew in the early 1980's in response to octane demand resulting initially from the phaseout of lead from gasoline and later from rising demand for premium gasoline. The oxygenated gasoline program stimulated an increase in MTBE production between 1990 and 1994. MTBE demand increased from 83,000 in 1990 to 161,000 barrels per day in 1994. The reformulated gasoline (RFG) program provided a further boost to oxygenate blending. The MTBE contained in motor gasoline increased to 269,000 barrels per day by 1997.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

,"San Francisco Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

San Francisco Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices" San Francisco Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","San Francisco Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices",8,"Weekly","12/16/2013","6/5/2000" ,"Release Date:","12/16/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","12/23/2013" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_pri_gnd_dcus_y05sf_w.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pri_gnd_dcus_y05sf_w.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

109

,"Los Angeles Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Los Angeles Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices" Los Angeles Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Los Angeles Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices",8,"Weekly","12/16/2013","6/5/2000" ,"Release Date:","12/16/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","12/23/2013" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_pri_gnd_dcus_y05la_w.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pri_gnd_dcus_y05la_w.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

110

Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

56 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

111

Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

56 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

112

Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

113

Table A1. Refiner/Reseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 401 Table A1. RefinerReseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD District and State, 1984-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

114

Life Cycle Assessment of Gasoline and Diesel Produced via Fast Pyrolysis and Hydroprocessing  

SciTech Connect

In this work, a life cycle assessment (LCA) estimating greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and net energy value (NEV) of the production of gasoline and diesel from forest residues via fast pyrolysis and hydroprocessing, from production of the feedstock to end use of the fuel in a vehicle, is performed. The fast pyrolysis and hydrotreating and hydrocracking processes are based on a Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) design report. The LCA results show GHG emissions of 0.142 kg CO2-equiv. per km traveled and NEV of 1.00 MJ per km traveled for a process using grid electricity. Monte Carlo uncertainty analysis shows a range of results, with all values better than those of conventional gasoline in 2005. Results for GHG emissions and NEV of gasoline and diesel from pyrolysis are also reported on a per MJ fuel basis for comparison with ethanol produced via gasification. Although pyrolysis-derived gasoline and diesel have lower GHG emissions and higher NEV than conventional gasoline does in 2005, they underperform ethanol produced via gasification from the same feedstock. GHG emissions for pyrolysis could be lowered further if electricity and hydrogen are produced from biomass instead of from fossil sources.

Hsu, D. D.

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Using Gasoline, Diesel, and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicles, Characterize the Significance of Lube  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using Gasoline, Diesel, and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicles, Characterize the Significance from natural gas vehicles will help in the development of PM mitigation technologies. This in turn emissions beyond applicable standards, and that benefit natural gas ratepayers (Public Resources Code 25620

116

Proper Oil Sampling Intervals and Sample Collection Techniques Gasoline/Diesel/Natural Gas Engines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proper Oil Sampling Intervals and Sample Collection Techniques Gasoline/Diesel/Natural Gas Engines: · Oil samples can be collected during oil changes. Follow manufacturers recommendations on frequency (hours, mileage, etc) of oil changes. · Capture a sample from the draining oil while the oil is still hot

117

,"U.S. Motor Gasoline Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Prices" Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Motor Gasoline Prices",6,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_pri_allmg_c_nus_epm0_dpgal_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pri_allmg_c_nus_epm0_dpgal_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/2/2013 2:33:46 AM"

118

Comparative urban drive cycle simulations of light-duty hybrid vehicles with gasoline or diesel engines and emissions controls  

SciTech Connect

Electric hybridization is a very effective approach for reducing fuel consumption in light-duty vehicles. Lean combustion engines (including diesels) have also been shown to be significantly more fuel efficient than stoichiometric gasoline engines. Ideally, the combination of these two technologies would result in even more fuel efficient vehicles. However, one major barrier to achieving this goal is the implementation of lean-exhaust aftertreatment that can meet increasingly stringent emissions regulations without heavily penalizing fuel efficiency. We summarize results from comparative simulations of hybrid electric vehicles with either stoichiometric gasoline or diesel engines that include state-of-the-art aftertreatment emissions controls for both stoichiometric and lean exhaust. Fuel consumption and emissions for comparable gasoline and diesel light-duty hybrid electric vehicles were compared over a standard urban drive cycle and potential benefits for utilizing diesel hybrids were identified. Technical barriers and opportunities for improving the efficiency of diesel hybrids were identified.

Gao, Zhiming [ORNL] [ORNL; Daw, C Stuart [ORNL] [ORNL; Smith, David E [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Why Do Motor Gasoline Prices Vary Regionally? California Case Study  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Analysis of the difference between the retail gasoline prices in California and the average U.S. retail prices.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Table A1. Refiner/Reseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

78.2 101.8 83.6 87.5 74.7 See footnotes at end of table. A1. RefinerReseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD District, and State, 1984-Present 452 Energy Information...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline diesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Progress in Understanding the Toxicity of Gasoline and Diesel Engine Exhaust Emissions  

SciTech Connect

To help guide heavy vehicle engine, fuel, and exhaust after-treatment technology development, the U.S. Department of Energy and the Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute are conducting research not addressed elsewhere on aspects of the toxicity of particulate engine emissions. Advances in these technologies that reduce diesel particulate mass emissions may result in changes in particle composition, and there is concern that the number of ultrafine (<0.1 micron) particles may increase. All present epidemiological and laboratory data on the toxicity of diesel emissions were derived from emissions of older-technology engines. New, short-term toxicity data are needed to make health-based choices among diesel technologies and to compare the toxicity of diesel emissions to those of other engine technologies. This research program has two facets: (1) development and use of short-term in vitro and in vivo toxicity assays for comparing the toxicities of gasoline and diesel exhaust emissions; and (2) determination of the disposition of inhaled ultrafine particles deposited in the lung. Responses of cultured cells, cultured lung slices, and rodent lungs to various types of particles were compared to develop an improved short-term toxicity screening capability. To date, chemical toxicity indicators of cultured human A549 cells and early inflammatory and cytotoxic indicators of rat lungs have given the best distinguishing capability. A study is now underway to determine the relative toxicities of exhaust samples from in-use diesel and gasoline engines. The samples are being collected under the direction of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory with support from DOE's Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies. The ability to generate solid ultrafine particles and to trace their movement in the body as particles and soluble material was developed. Data from rodents suggest that ultrafine particles can move from the lung to the liver in particulate form. The quantitative disposition of inhaled ultrafine particles will be determined in rodents and nonhuman primates.

Kristen J. Nikula; Gregory L. Finch; Richard A. Westhouse; JeanClare Seagrave; Joe L. Mauderly; Doughlas R. Lawson; Michael Gurevich

1999-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

122

LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENTS (LCAs) OF PYROLYSIS-BASED GASOLINE AND DIESEL FROM DIFFERENT REGIONAL FEEDSTOCKS: CORN STOVER, SWITCHGRASS, SUGAR CANE BAGASSE, WASTE WOOD, GUINEA GRASS, ALGAE, AND ALBIZIA.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Renewable hydrocarbon biofuels are being investigated as possible alternatives to conventional liquid transportation fossil fuels like gasoline, kerosene (aviation fuel), and diesel. A diverse… (more)

Mihalek, Matthew J.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

,"U.S. Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Motor Gasoline Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Users, Total Refiner Motor Gasoline Sales Volumes" Users, Total Refiner Motor Gasoline Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Products for Refiner Gasoline Volumes",1,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Data 2","by Grade",3,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Data 3","by Formulation",3,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1994" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refmg_d_nus_vtr_mgalpd_m.xls"

124

Microsoft Word - Summer 2006 Motor Gasoline Prices.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Coast Chicago New York Harbor Sources: Ethanol spot prices through July 7, 2006 - Jim Jordan & Associates, Fuels Blendstock Report (www.jordan-associates.com); Gasoline prices -...

125

Design Case Summary: Production of Gasoline and Diesel from Biomass via Fast Pyrolysis, Hydrotreating, and Hydrocracking  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Biomass Program develops design cases to understand the current state of conversiontechnologies and to determine where improvements need to take place in the future. The bestavailable bench and pilot-scale conversion data are integrated with detailed process flow andengineering models to identify technical barriers where research and development could leadto significant cost improvements and to calculate production costs. Past design cases focusedon finding pathways toward cost-competitive production of ethanol. This design case is thefirst to establish detailed cost targets for the production of diesel and gasoline blendstock frombiomass via a fast pyrolysis process.

126

Experimental and Theoretical Investigation of the Effects of Gasoline Blends on Single-Cylinder Diesel Engine Performance and Exhaust Emissions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Experiments presented in this study for gasoline blends and experiments of Bilgin et al. for ethanol blends have been performed in a single-cylinder diesel engine at Karadeniz Technical University, Engineering Faculty, Mechanical Engineering Department, Internal Combustion Engines Laboratory. ... However, to determine the most favorable blend ratio for any vehicle diesel engine, to achieve general results, and to give general recommendations, more systematic experimental and theoretical studies for actual vehicle diesel engines must be performed. ... Union of Chambers of Turkish Engineers and Architects, Chamber of Mechanical Engineer, 1991; Vol. 383, pp 18? 29 (in Turkish). ...

Z. ?ahin

2008-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

127

Application of positive matrix factorization to on-road measurements for source apportionment of diesel-and gasoline-powered vehicle emissions in Mexico City  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of diesel- and gasoline-powered vehicle emissions in Mexico City D. A. Thornhill, A. E. Williams, T. B be low. The second figure shows the background versus diesel factors. There may be a slight horizontal factors. In this case, even when the diesel factor's contributions are very high, the background factor

Meskhidze, Nicholas

128

Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

68.6 62.0 70.7 92.7 90.7 81.5 72.8 - 78.0 See footnotes at end of table. 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 56 Energy Information...

129

Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

68.9 62.6 71.6 92.3 89.9 82.6 72.7 - 78.2 See footnotes at end of table. 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 56 Energy Information...

130

,"U.S. Motor Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Refiner Sales Volumes" Refiner Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Motor Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes",6,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refmg_c_nus_epm0_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refmg_c_nus_epm0_mgalpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

131

Investigations of an air starting motor of marine medium-speed diesel engine with numerical analyses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The marine medium-speed diesel engines are started by two methods; one is ... though air starting motor is dependent of the engine types and sizes, it has been widely...

Yeon Won Lee; Yoon Hwan Choi; Deog Hee Doh

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Lifecycle Analysis of Air Quality Impacts of Hydrogen and Gasoline Transportation Fuel Pathways  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Includes gasoline, diesel, and electric. The following fourIncludes gasoline, diesel, and electric. In this study, weemissions from diesel-truck delivery and electric generation

Wang, Guihua

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

High Efficiency Clean Combustion Engine Designs for Gasoline...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

High Efficiency Clean Combustion Engine Designs for Gasoline and Diesel Engines High Efficiency Clean Combustion Engine Designs for Gasoline and Diesel Engines 2009 DOE Hydrogen...

134

Volatility of Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Blends for Supercritical Fuel Injection  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Supercritical dieseline could be used in diesel engines having efficient fuel systems and combustion chamber designs that decrease fuel consumption and mitigate emissions.

135

,"Motor Gasoline Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Users, Total Refiner Sales Volumes" Users, Total Refiner Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Motor Gasoline Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Sales Volumes",60,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refmg_a_epm0_vtr_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refmg_a_epm0_vtr_mgalpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

136

,"U.S. Sales for Resale, Total Refiner Motor Gasoline Sales Volumes...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

for Refiner Gasoline Volumes" "Sourcekey","A103700001" "Date","U.S. Total Gasoline WholesaleResale Volume by Refiners (Thousand Gallons per Day)" 30331,217871.4 30362,217946.8...

137

,"Finished Motor Gasoline Refinery, Bulk Terminal, and Natural Gas Plant Stocks"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1993" Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1993" ,"Release Date:","11/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","Last Week of December 2013" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_stoc_st_a_epm0f_str_mbbl_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_stoc_st_a_epm0f_str_mbbl_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 11:32:19 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Finished Motor Gasoline Refinery, Bulk Terminal, and Natural Gas Plant Stocks" "Sourcekey","MGFSXUS1","MGFSXP11","MGFSXCT1","MGFS3_SDE_1","MGFSXFL1","MGFSXGA1","MGFS3_SME_1","MGFS3_SMD_1","MGFSXMA1","MGFS3_SNH_1","MGFSXNJ1","MGFSXNY1","MGFSXNC1","MGFSXPA1","MGFSXRI1","MGFSXSC1","MGFS3_SVT_1","MGFSXVA1","MGFSXWV1","MGFSXP21","MGFSXIL1","MGFSXIN1","MGFSXIA1","MGFS3_SKS_1","MGFSXKY1","MGFSXMI1","MGFSXMN1","MGFSXMO1","MGFS3_SNE_1","MGFS3_SND_1","MGFSXOH1","MGFSXOK1","MGFS3_SSD_1","MGFSXTN1","MGFSXWI1","MGFSXP31","MGFSXAL1","MGFSXAR1","MGFSXLA1","MGFSXMS1","MGFSXNM1","MGFSXTX1","MGFSXP41","MGFSXCO1","MGFSXID1","MGFSXMT1","MGFSXUT1","MGFSXWY1","MGFSXP51","MGFSXAK1","MGFSXAZ1","MGFSXCA1","MGFSXHI1","MGFSXNV1","MGFSXOR1","MGFSXWA1"

138

,"Finished Motor Gasoline Refinery, Bulk Terminal, and Natural Gas Plant Stocks"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012,"6/30/1993" Annual",2012,"6/30/1993" ,"Release Date:","9/27/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","9/26/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_stoc_st_a_epm0f_str_mbbl_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_stoc_st_a_epm0f_str_mbbl_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"11/25/2013 11:32:18 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Finished Motor Gasoline Refinery, Bulk Terminal, and Natural Gas Plant Stocks" "Sourcekey","MGFSXUS1","MGFSXP11","MGFSXCT1","MGFS3_SDE_1","MGFSXFL1","MGFSXGA1","MGFS3_SME_1","MGFS3_SMD_1","MGFSXMA1","MGFS3_SNH_1","MGFSXNJ1","MGFSXNY1","MGFSXNC1","MGFSXPA1","MGFSXRI1","MGFSXSC1","MGFS3_SVT_1","MGFSXVA1","MGFSXWV1","MGFSXP21","MGFSXIL1","MGFSXIN1","MGFSXIA1","MGFS3_SKS_1","MGFSXKY1","MGFSXMI1","MGFSXMN1","MGFSXMO1","MGFS3_SNE_1","MGFS3_SND_1","MGFSXOH1","MGFSXOK1","MGFS3_SSD_1","MGFSXTN1","MGFSXWI1","MGFSXP31","MGFSXAL1","MGFSXAR1","MGFSXLA1","MGFSXMS1","MGFSXNM1","MGFSXTX1","MGFSXP41","MGFSXCO1","MGFSXID1","MGFSXMT1","MGFSXUT1","MGFSXWY1","MGFSXP51","MGFSXAK1","MGFSXAZ1","MGFSXCA1","MGFSXHI1","MGFSXNV1","MGFSXOR1","MGFSXWA1"

139

U.S. Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Motor Gasoline Sales Volumes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Sales Type: Sales to End Users, Total Through Retail Outlets Sales for Resale, Total DTW Rack Bulk Sales Type: Sales to End Users, Total Through Retail Outlets Sales for Resale, Total DTW Rack Bulk Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Product Sales Type Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Motor Gasoline 28,179.6 24,384.0 24,143.9 23,567.1 24,120.5 23,282.9 1983-2013 by Grade Regular 23,757.8 20,526.5 20,356.1 19,806.6 20,240.9 19,586.1 1983-2013 Midgrade 1,876.1 1,545.0 1,534.8 1,527.0 1,561.5 1,484.7 1988-2013 Premium 2,545.7 2,312.4 2,252.9 2,233.5 2,318.1 2,212.1 1983-2013 by Formulation Conventional 16,716.2 14,277.3 13,878.1 13,588.6 14,053.9 13,516.9 1994-2013 Oxygenated - - - - - - 1994-2013

140

Anti-air pollution & energy conservation system for automobiles using leaded or unleaded gasoline, diesel or alternate fuel  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Exhaust gases from an internal combustion engine operating with leaded or unleaded gasoline or diesel or natural gas, are used for energizing a high-speed gas turbine. The convoluting gas discharge causes a first separation stage by stratifying of heavier and lighter exhaust gas components that exit from the turbine in opposite directions, the heavier components having a second stratifying separation in a vortex tube to separate combustible pollutants from non-combustible components. The non-combustible components exit a vortex tube open end to atmosphere. The lighter combustible, pollutants effected in the first separation are bubbled through a sodium hydroxide solution for dissolving the nitric oxide, formaldehyde impurities in this gas stream before being piped to the engine air intake for re-combustion, thereby reducing the engine's exhaust pollution and improving its fuel economy. The combustible, heavier pollutants from the second separation stage are piped to air filter assemblies. This gas stream convoluting at a high-speed through the top stator-vanes of the air filters, centrifugally separates the coalescent water, aldehydes, nitrogen dioxides, sulfates, sulfur, lead particles which collect at the bottom of the bowl, wherein it is periodically released to the roadway. Whereas, the heavier hydrocarbon, carbon particles are piped through the air filter's porous element to the engine air intake for re-combustion, further reducing the engine's exhaust pollution and improving its fuel economy.

Bose, Ranendra K. (14346 Jacob La., Centreville, VA 20120-3305)

2002-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline diesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

MotorWeek Video Transcript: BlueTec Clean Diesel and GM's Cylinder Cut-off  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BlueTec Clean Diesel and GM's Cylinder Cut-off BlueTec Clean Diesel and GM's Cylinder Cut-off Jessica Shea Choksey:Mercedes-Benz has over 80 years of diesel experience. So it's no surprise they are on the cutting edge of making them environmentally friendly. The full-size seven-passenger 2007 Mercedes-Benz GL320 BlueTec is the cleanest diesel sport-utility vehicle in the world. Named after the color of the emission reducing urea fluid injected into the catalyst system, BlueTec is the technology that can ultimately make clean diesels the obvious choice for Americans. Using Mercedes latest 3.2 liter Turbo diesel V-6, the GL320 will also be the most efficient big SUV with an anticipated highway fuel economy of over 25 miles per gallon. The GL BlueTec goes on sale in January. Also making fuel-saving automotive news is General Motors. As part of

142

U.S. Sales to End Users Prices for Motor Gasoline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Sales Type: Sales to End Users, Average Through Retail Outlets Sales for Resale, Average DTW Rack Bulk Sales Type: Sales to End Users, Average Through Retail Outlets Sales for Resale, Average DTW Rack Bulk Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Formulation/ Grade Sales Type Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Gasoline, Average - - - - - - 1983-2013 Regular Gasoline - - - - - - 1983-2013 Midgrade Gasoline - - - - - - 1988-2013 Premium Gasoline - - - - - - 1983-2013 Conventional, Average - - - - - - 1994-2013 Conventional Regular - - - - - - 1994-2013 Conventional Midgrade - - - - - - 1994-2013 Conventional Premium - - - - - - 1994-2013 Oxygenated, Average 1994-2006 Oxygenated Regular

143

Determination of Hydrocarbons Types and Oxygenates in Motor Gasoline: A Comparative Study by Different Analytical Techniques  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Various standard and published methods based on chromatographic and spectroscopic techniques are routinely used for hydrocarbon types (aromatics, olefins, oxygenates, etc.) in gasoline range fuel products for the assessment of product quality monitoring (...

V. Bansal; G. J. Krishna; A. P. Singh; A. K. Gupta; A. S. Sarpal

2007-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

144

Premixed ignition behavior of alternative diesel fuel-relevant compounds in a motored engine experiment  

SciTech Connect

A motored engine study using premixed charges of fuel and air at a wide range of diesel-relevant equivalence ratios was performed to investigate autoignition differences among surrogates for conventional diesel fuel, gas-to-liquid (GTL) diesel fuel, and biodiesel, as well as n-heptane. Experiments were performed by delivering a premixed charge of vaporized fuel and air and increasing the compression ratio in a stepwise manner to increase the extent of reaction while monitoring the exhaust composition via Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrometry and collecting condensable exhaust gas for subsequent gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) analysis. Each fuel demonstrated a two-stage ignition process, with a low-temperature heat release (LTHR) event followed by the main combustion, or high-temperature heat release (HTHR). Among the three diesel-relevant fuels, the magnitude of LTHR was highest for GTL diesel, followed by methyl decanoate, and conventional diesel fuel last. FTIR analysis of the exhaust for n-heptane, the conventional diesel surrogate, and the GTL diesel surrogate revealed that LTHR produces high concentrations of aldehydes and CO while producing only negligible amounts of CO{sub 2}. Methyl decanoate differed from the other two-stage ignition fuels only in that there were significant amounts of CO{sub 2} produced during LTHR; this was the result of decarboxylation of the ester group, not the result of oxidation. GC/MS analysis of LTHR exhaust condensate for n-heptane revealed high concentrations of 2,5-heptanedione, a di-ketone that can be closely tied to species in existing autoignition models for n-heptane. GC/MS analysis of the LTHR condensate for conventional diesel fuel and GTL diesel fuel revealed a series of high molecular weight aldehydes and ketones, which were expected, as well as a series of organic acids, which are not commonly reported as products of combustion. The GC/MS analysis of the methyl decanoate exhaust condensate revealed that the aliphatic chain acts similarly to n-paraffins during LTHR, while the ester group remains intact. Thus, although the FTIR data revealed that decarboxylation occurs at significant levels for methyl decanoate, it was concluded that this occurs after the aliphatic chain has been largely consumed by other LTHR reactions. (author)

Szybist, James P.; Boehman, Andre L.; Haworth, Daniel C. [Pennsylvania State University, Fuel Science Program, 405 Academic Activities Building, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Koga, Hibiki [Honda R and D Company, Ltd., Asaka-shi, Saitama 351-0024 (Japan)

2007-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

145

Long-Term Changes in Gas- and Particle-Phase Emissions from On-Road Diesel and Gasoline Vehicles  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Poster presentation at the 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency & Emissions Research Conference (DEER 2007). 13-16 August, 2007, Detroit, Michigan. Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies (OFCVT).

146

Diesel Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vehicles Vehicles Audi A3 Diesel vehicles may be making a comeback. Diesel engines are more powerful and fuel-efficient than similar-sized gasoline engines (about 30-35% more fuel efficient). Plus, today's diesel vehicles are much improved over diesels of the past. Better Performance Improved fuel injection and electronic engine control technologies have Increased power Improved acceleration Increased efficiency New engine designs, along with noise- and vibration-damping technologies, have made them quieter and smoother. Cold-weather starting has been improved also. Cleaner Mercedes ML320 BlueTEC Today's diesels must meet the same emissions standards as gasoline vehicles. Advances in engine technologies, ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel, and improved exhaust treatment have made this possible.

147

Fuel Economy of Hybrids, Diesels, and Alternative Fuel Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

You are here: Find a Car - Home > Hybrids, Diesels, and Alternative Fuel You are here: Find a Car - Home > Hybrids, Diesels, and Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hybrids, Diesels, and Alternative Fuel Vehicles Search by Vehicle Type 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 Select Vehicle Type Diesel Electric Ethanol-Gasoline Hybrid Plug-in Hybrid Natural Gas Bifuel Natural Gas Bifuel Propane Go More Search Options Browse New Cars Hybrid Vehicles Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles Battery Electric Vehicles Diesel Vehicles Flex-Fuel Vehicles CNG Vehicles Related Information How Hybrid Vehicles Work How Fuel Cell Vehicles Work MotorWeek Videos Compare Hybrids Compare Diesels Extreme MPG Tax Incentive Information Center Alternative Fuel Station Locator Alternative Fuel and Advanced Vehicle Data Center | Share I want to... Compare Side-by-Side

148

Reformulated Gasoline Complex Model  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Refiners Switch to Reformulated Refiners Switch to Reformulated Gasoline Complex Model Contents * Summary * Introduction o Table 1. Comparison of Simple Model and Complex Model RFG Per Gallon Requirements * Statutory, Individual Refinery, and Compliance Baselines o Table 2. Statutory Baseline Fuel Compositions * Simple Model * Complex Model o Table 3. Complex Model Variables * Endnotes Related EIA Short-Term Forecast Analysis Products * RFG Simple and Complex Model Spreadsheets * Areas Particpating in the Reformulated Gasoline Program * Environmental Regulations and Changes in Petroleum Refining Operations * Oxygenate Supply/Demand Balances in the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting Model * Reformulated Gasoline Foreign Refinery Rules * Demand, Supply, and Price Outlook for Reformulated Motor Gasoline, 1995 , (Adobe

149

Are unleaded gasoline and diesel price adjustments symmetric? A comparison of the four largest EU retail fuel markets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The purpose of this paper is to examine the nature of price adjustments in the gasoline markets of Germany, France, Italy and Spain. We examine whether crude oil prices are transmitted to the retail gasoline prices in the short and long run and we test the symmetry of price adjustments hypothesis. An Error Correction Model, which accounts for possible asymmetric adjustment behavior, is applied for the estimation of the international crude oil price pass-through and testing of the symmetric/asymmetric nature of the retail fuel price adjustments in these economies. Our results show that rigidities in the transmission process exist but the retail fuel speed of upward/downward price adjustment to equilibrium is considered as symmetric in all four economies analyzed. Thus, our findings on the whole do not provide firm evidence to support the “rockets and feathers” hypothesis that crude oil price increases are passed along to the retail customer more fully than the crude oil price decreases.

Stelios Karagiannis; Yannis Panagopoulos; Prodromos Vlamis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Reformulated Gasoline Foreign Refinery Rules  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reformulated Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Foreign Refinery Rules Contents * Introduction o Table 1. History of Foreign Refiner Regulations * Foreign Refinery Baseline * Monitoring Imported Conventional Gasoline * Endnotes Related EIA Short-Term Forecast Analysis Products * Areas Participating in the Reformulated Gasoline Program * Environmental Regulations and Changes in Petroleum Refining Operations * Oxygenate Supply/Demand Balances in the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting Model * Refiners Switch to Reformulated Gasoline Complex Model * Demand, Supply, and Price Outlook for Reformulated Motor Gasoline, 1995 Introduction On August 27, 1997, the EPA promulgated revised the rules that allow foreign refiners to establish and use individual baselines, but it would not be mandatory (the optional use of an

151

Gasoline Jet Fuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

C4n= Diesel Gasoline Jet Fuels C O C5: Xylose C6 Fermentation of sugars Biofuel "Nanobowls" are inorganic catalysts that could provide the selectivity for converting sugars to fuels IACT Proposes Synthetic, Inorganic Catalysts to Produce Biofuels Current Process

Kemner, Ken

152

Demand and Price Uncertainty: Rational Habits in International Gasoline Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

global gasoline and diesel price and income elasticities.shift in the short-run price elasticity of gasoline demand.Habits and Uncertain Relative Prices: Simulating Petrol Con-

Scott, K. Rebecca

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Fact #824: June 9, 2014 EPA Sulfur Standards for Gasoline  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Sulfur naturally occurs in gasoline and diesel fuel, contributing to pollution when the fuel is burned. Beginning in 2004, standards were set on the amount of sulfur in gasoline (Tier 2 standards)....

154

Gasoline Prices: What is Happening?  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Gasoline Prices: What is Happening? Gasoline Prices: What is Happening? 5/10/01 Click here to start Table of Contents Gasoline Prices: What is Happening? Retail Motor Gasoline Price* Forecast Doesn't Reflect Potential Volatility Midwest Looking Like Last Year RFG Responding More Strongly Gasoline Prices Vary Among Locations.Retail Regular Gasoline Price, Cents per Gallon May 8, 2001 Crude Oil Affects Gasoline Prices WTI Crude Oil Prices Are Expected To Remain Relatively High Through At Least 2001 Low Total OECD Oil Stocks* Keep Market Balance Tight Low U.S. Stocks Indicate Tight U.S. Market Regional Inventories Tight Product Balance Pushes Up Product Spread (Spot Product - Crude Price) "New Factor" Contributing to Volatility: Excess Capacity is Gone Regional Refinery Utilization Shows Gulf Coast Pressure

155

The taxation of diesel cars in Belgium – revisited  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper compares the current taxation of diesel and gasoline cars in Belgium with the guidelines for optimal taxation. We find that diesel cars are still taxed much less than gasoline cars, resulting in a dominant market share for diesel cars in the car stock. If the fuel tax is the main instrument to control for externalities and generate revenues, the diesel excise should be much higher than the excise on gasoline for two reasons: diesel is more polluting than gasoline and more importantly, through the better fuel efficiency, diesel cars contribute less fiscal revenues per mile.

Inge Mayeres; Stef Proost

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Gasolin n  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Gasolin n, Gasbenzin n ? natural gasoline, condensate, distillate [Liquid hydrocarbons, generally clear or pale straw-colo(u)red and of high API gravity (above 60°), that are produced wit...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

natural gasoline  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

natural gasoline, condensate, distillate [Liquid hydrocarbons, generally clear or pale straw-coloured and of high API gravity (above 6o°), that are produced with wet gas] ? Gasbenzin n, Gasolin n ...

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Caterpillar Light Truck Clean Diesel Program  

SciTech Connect

In 1998, light trucks accounted for over 48% of new vehicle sales in the U.S. and well over half the new Light Duty vehicle fuel consumption. The Light Truck Clean Diesel (LTCD) program seeks to introduce large numbers of advanced technology diesel engines in light-duty trucks that would improve their fuel economy (mpg) by at least 50% and reduce our nation's dependence on foreign oil. Incorporating diesel engines in this application represents a high-risk technical and economic challenge. To meet the challenge, a government-industry partnership (Department of Energy, diesel engine manufacturers, and the automotive original equipment manufacturers) is applying joint resources to meet specific goals that will provide benefits to the nation. [1] Caterpillar initially teamed with Ford Motor Company on a 5 year program (1997-2002) to develop prototype vehicles that demonstrate a 50% fuel economy improvement over the current 1997 gasoline powered light truck vehicle in this class while complying with EPA's Tier II emissions regulations. The light truck vehicle selected for the demonstration is a 1999 Ford F150 SuperCab. To meet the goals of the program, the 4.6 L V-8 gasoline engine in this vehicle will be replaced by an advanced compression ignition direct injection (CIDI) engine. Key elements of the Caterpillar LTCD program plan to develop the advanced CIDI engine are presented in this paper.

Robert L. Miller; Kevin P. Duffy; Michael A. Flinn; Steve A. Faulkner; Mike A. Graham

1999-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

159

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

County, NY Essex County, NJ Fairfield County, CT Hudson County, NJ Hunterdon County, NJ Kings County, NY Litchfield County (partial), CT Middlesex County, NJ Monmouth County, NJ...

160

Characterizing and Biological Monitoring of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Exposures to Diesel Exhaust  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Characterizing and Biological Monitoring of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Exposures to Diesel Exhaust ... Diesel and Gasoline Engine Exhausts and Some Nitroarenes; IARC:? Lyon, France 1989. ...

Wei Huang; Thomas J. Smith; Long Ngo; Tong Wang; Hongqiao Chen; Fanggu Wu; Robert F. Herrick; David C. Christiani; Hui Ding

2007-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline diesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Reducing Diesel Engine Emissions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reducing Reducing Diesel Engine Emissions 2 0 1 0 Green TransporTaTion TechnoloGies Compared to traditional gasoline engines, diesel engines require less maintenance, generate energy more efficiently, and produce less carbon dioxide emissions. But when uncontrolled, diesel engines churn out harmful emissions like particu- late matter (PM) and nitrogen oxides (NO x ). Researchers at Argonne National Laboratory are currently working to develop

162

Motor fuel prices in Turkey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The world?s most expensive motor fuel (gasoline, diesel and LPG) is sold most likely in the Republic of Turkey. This paper investigates the key issues related to the motor fuel prices in Turkey. First of all, the paper analyses the main reason behind high prices, namely motor fuel taxes in Turkey. Then, it estimates the elasticity of motor fuel demand in Turkey using an econometric analysis. The findings indicate that motor fuel demand in Turkey is quite inelastic and, therefore, not responsive to price increases caused by an increase in either pre-tax prices or taxes. Therefore, fuel market in Turkey is open to opportunistic behavior by firms (through excessive profits) and the government (through excessive taxes). Besides, the paper focuses on the impact of high motor fuel prices on road transport associated activities, including the pattern of passenger transportation, motorization rate, fuel use, total kilometers traveled and CO2 emissions from road transportation. The impact of motor fuel prices on income distribution in Turkey and Turkish public opinion about high motor fuel prices are also among the subjects investigated in the course of the study.

Erkan Erdogdu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Engineering evaluation of the General Motors (GM) diesel rating and capabilities  

SciTech Connect

K-Reactor`s number one GM diesel (GM-lK) suffered recurrent, premature piston pin bushing failures between July 1990 and January 1991. These failures raised a concern that the engine`s original design capabilities were being exceeded. Were we asking old engines to do too much by powering 1200 kw (continuous) rated electrical generators? Was excessive wear of the piston pin bushings a result of having exceeded the engine`s capabilities (overload), or were the recent failures a direct result of poor quality, poor design, or defective replacement parts? Considering the engine`s overall performance for the past 30 years, during which an engine failure of this nature had never occurred, and the fact that 1200 kw was approximately 50% of the engine`s original tested capability, Reactor Engineering did not consider it likely that an overloaded engine caused bushing failures. What seemed more plausible was that the engine`s failure to perform was caused by deficiencies in, or poor quality of, replacement parts.The following report documents: (1) the results of K-Reactor EDG failure analysis; (2) correlation of P- and C-Reactor GM diesel teardowns; (3) the engine rebuild to blueprint specification; (4) how the engine was determined ready for test; (5) testing parameters that were developed; (6) a summary of test results and test insights; (7) how WSRC determined engine operation was acceptable; (8) independent review of 1200 kw operational data; (9) approval of the engines` 12OOkw continuous rating.

Gross, R.E.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Engineering evaluation of the General Motors (GM) diesel rating and capabilities  

SciTech Connect

K-Reactor's number one GM diesel (GM-lK) suffered recurrent, premature piston pin bushing failures between July 1990 and January 1991. These failures raised a concern that the engine's original design capabilities were being exceeded. Were we asking old engines to do too much by powering 1200 kw (continuous) rated electrical generators Was excessive wear of the piston pin bushings a result of having exceeded the engine's capabilities (overload), or were the recent failures a direct result of poor quality, poor design, or defective replacement parts Considering the engine's overall performance for the past 30 years, during which an engine failure of this nature had never occurred, and the fact that 1200 kw was approximately 50% of the engine's original tested capability, Reactor Engineering did not consider it likely that an overloaded engine caused bushing failures. What seemed more plausible was that the engine's failure to perform was caused by deficiencies in, or poor quality of, replacement parts.The following report documents: (1) the results of K-Reactor EDG failure analysis; (2) correlation of P- and C-Reactor GM diesel teardowns; (3) the engine rebuild to blueprint specification; (4) how the engine was determined ready for test; (5) testing parameters that were developed; (6) a summary of test results and test insights; (7) how WSRC determined engine operation was acceptable; (8) independent review of 1200 kw operational data; (9) approval of the engines' 12OOkw continuous rating.

Gross, R.E.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Chemical Composition of Gas-Phase Organic Carbon Emissions from Motor Vehicles and Implications for Ozone Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gasoline and diesel vehicles via two methods. First we use speciated measurements of exhaust emissions from and comprise 32 ± 2% of gasoline exhaust and 26 ± 1% of diesel exhaust by mass. We calculate and compare ozone production potentials of diesel exhaust, gasoline exhaust, and nontailpipe gasoline emissions. Per mass

Cohen, Ronald C.

166

Microsoft Word - Gasoline_2008 Supplement.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 1 April 2008 Short-Term Energy Outlook Supplement: Motor Gasoline Consumption 2008 A Historical Perspective and Short-Term Projections 1 Highlights * Income growth rates have less of an impact on recent trends in gasoline consumption than in the past, but short-run effects are still significant. * High gasoline prices are once again motivating drivers to conserve by driving less and purchasing more fuel-efficient transportation. * The increasing share of lower-Btu-content ethanol has contributed to a growing divergence between volume-based and energy-content-based measures of trends in gasoline consumption. * Consumer sensitivity to gasoline price changes increases during periods when

167

Electric car Gasoline car  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ENAC/ Electric car (Renault) Gasoline car (competitors) Gasoline car (Renault) Market shares of an electric vehicle? Electric car (Renault) Gasoline car (competitors) Gasoline car (Renault) Market shares preference survey with choice situation contexts involving gasoline cars (Renault and competitors

168

FedEx Gasoline Hybrid Electric Delivery Truck Evaluation: 6-Month...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ignition CO Carbon monoxide DOE U.S. Department of Energy DPF Diesel particulate filter gHEV Gasoline hybrid electric vehicle GVWR Gross vehicle weight rating HP...

169

The Allocation of the Social Costs of Motor-Vehicle Use to Six Classes of Motor Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gasoline; 137,800 BTU/gallon for diesel fuel) 3412 = BTU/kWhcontent of diesel fuel per gallon (137,800 BTU/gallon HHVBTU/gallon HHV), and 15% due to the higher compression ratio of diesel

Delucchi, Mark A.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

The Performance of Gasoline Fuels and Surrogates in Gasoline...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

The Performance of Gasoline Fuels and Surrogates in Gasoline HCCI Combustion The Performance of Gasoline Fuels and Surrogates in Gasoline HCCI Combustion Almost 2 dozen gasoline...

171

Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Small Car Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: ATP-LD; Cummins Next Generation Tier 2 Bin 2 Diesel Engine...

172

A MULTI-COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF LIFECYCLE EMISSIONS FROM TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND MOTOR VEHICLES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gasoline LDVs or diesel HDVs. • BTUs of process and end-useBTU) with theirs for oil-to- gasoline, oil-to-diesel, coal-BTU energy-conversion efficiency of the AFV engine or powertrain relative to that of the baseline gasoline or diesel

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

A Multi-Country Analysis of Lifecycle Emissions From Transportation Fuels and Motor Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gasoline LDVs or diesel HDVs. • BTUs of process and end-useBTU) with theirs for oil-to- gasoline, oil-to-diesel, coal-BTU energy-conversion efficiency of the AFV engine or powertrain relative to that of the baseline gasoline or diesel

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Just the Basics: Diesel Engine  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Today's direct-injection diesel Today's direct-injection diesel engines are more rugged, powerful, durable, and reliable than gasoline engines, and use fuel much more efficiently, as well. Diesel Engines Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow Diesels are workhorse engines. That's why you find them powering heavy- duty trucks, buses, tractors, and trains, not to mention large ships, bulldozers, cranes, and other construction equipment. In the past, diesels fit the stereotype of muscle-bound behe- moths. They were dirty and sluggish, smelly and loud. That image doesn't apply to today's diesel engines, however, and tomorrow's diesels will show even greater improvements. They will be even more fuel efficient, more flexible in the fuels they can use, and also much cleaner in emissions. How Diesel Engines Work

175

Experimental Analysis and Feasibility Study of 1400 CC Diesel Engine Car Converted into Hybrid Electric Vehicle by Using BLDC Hub Motors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract New generation HEV (hybrid electric vehicles) are targeting for reducing exhaust gas pollution by operating in EV (electric vehicle) mode during the stop and go movement in thick traffic conditions at low engine rpm, but run on ICE (Internal Combustion engine) mode at cruising speed on highways. While new Hybrid car concepts are being developed internationally, existing Gasoline and Diesel powered conventional ICE vehicles will be guzzling unwanted pollutants for rest of their life, adding to the menace of global warming. To address the need for conservation of fuel and reducing production of harmful pollutants by millions of cars driven world over, an experimental research work was carried out in the field of conversion of existing diesel or petrol cars in to HEV. Main objective of the research is to reduce consumption of fossil fuel, for preserving it for future generation. An existing 1400 CC Diesel car converted in to experimental HEV prototype has been tested in EV mode at reasonably steady speed on highway and conventional ICE mode, to measure the consumption of fuel to derive the optimum performance benefits. Test results show marked improvement in fuel consumption, when driven in EV mode (for distance covered with single charge) against ICE mode. Amount of fuel saving achieved by proposed HEV methodology deployed for conversion of existing vehicles contributes in equivalent reduction in total quantity of harmful exhaust emission pollutants. The conversion process has been simplified, for implementation on existing cars and new model design of cars with engine capacity higher or lower than 1400 cc.

Sudhir Gupte

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Advanced Particulate Filter Technologies for Direct Injection Gasoline Engine Applications  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Specific designs and material properties have to be developed for gasoline particulate filters based on the different engine and exhaust gas characteristic of gasoline engines compared to diesel engines, e.g., generally lower levels of engine-out particulate emissions or higher GDI exhaust gas temperatures

177

Long-term historical trends in gasoline properties are charted  

SciTech Connect

Trends in motor gasolines between 1942 and 1981 have been evaluated based upon data contained in motor gasoline surveys that have been prepared and published by the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC). These surveys have been published twice annually since 1935 describing the properties of motor gasolines from throughout the country. They have been conducted in cooperation with the American Petroleum Institute since 1949. A typical report covers 2,400 samples from service stations throughout the country representing some 48 companies that manufacture and supply gasoline. The reports include trend charts, octane plots and properties obtained from a dozen different tests.

Shelton, E.M.; Whisman, M.L.; Woodward, P.W.

1982-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

178

Dazzled by diesel? The impact on carbon dioxide emissions of the shift to diesels in Europe through 2009  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper identifies trends in new gasoline and diesel passenger car characteristics in the European Union between 1995 and 2009. By 2009 diesels had captured over 55% of the new vehicle market. While the diesel version of a given car model may have as much as 35% lower fuel use/km and 25% lower CO2 emissions than its gasoline equivalent, diesel buyers have chosen increasingly large and more powerful cars than the gasoline market. As a result, new diesels bought in 2009 had only 2% lower average CO2 emissions than new gasoline cars, a smaller advantage than in 1995. A Laspeyres decomposition investigates which factors were important contributors to the observed emission reductions and which factors offset savings in other areas. More than 95% of the reduction in CO2 emissions per km from new vehicles arose because both diesel and gasoline new vehicle emissions/km fell, and only 5% arose because of the shift from gasoline to diesel technology. Increases in vehicle mass and power for both gasoline and diesel absorbed much of the technological efficiency improvements offered by both technologies. We also observe changes in the gasoline and diesel fleets in eight EU countries and find changes in fuel and emissions intensities consistent with the changes in new vehicles reported. While diesel cars continue to be driven far farther than gasoline cars, we attribute only some of this difference to a “rebound effect”. We conclude that while diesel technology has permitted significant fuel savings, the switch from gasoline to diesel in the new vehicle market contributed little itself to the observed reductions in CO2 emissions from new vehicles.

Lee Schipper; Lew Fulton

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Argonne Transportation - Diesel Award  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Team Receives DOE Award for Groundbreaking Diesel Fuel Spray Research Team Receives DOE Award for Groundbreaking Diesel Fuel Spray Research Jin Wang, Chris Powell, Yong Yue, and Steve Ciatti Recent DOE Award winners, (L-R) Jin Wang, Chris Powell, Yong Yue, and Steve Ciatti, stand in front of their fuel spray injection chamber. Using the synchrotron beam at the APS, the team is able to probe the fuel spray and study the process of combustion. A team of Argonne scientists (Jin Wang, Steve Ciatti, Chris Powell, and Yong Yue) recently won the 2002 National Laboratory Combustion and Emissions Control R&D Award for groundbreaking work in diesel fuel sprays. For the first time ever, the team used x-rays to penetrate through gasoline and diesel sprays and made detailed measurements of fuel injection systems for diesel engines. This technology uncovered a previously unknown

180

Net Taxable Gasoline Gallons (Including Aviation Gasoline)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Net Taxable Gasoline Gallons (Including Aviation Gasoline) Period 2000 2001 (2) 2002 2003 2004 "gross" to "net" , was deemed impractical. (5) This report replaces the Gross Taxable Gasoline Gallons (Including Aviation Gasoline) report which will not be produced after December 2002. (6) The November 2007

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline diesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Investigation of Fatalities Due to Acute Gasoline Poisoning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......may be absent in some northern winter markets (4). In accor- dance with European...The GC-FID patterns of gasoline, diesel-fuel, kerosene, 645 turpentine, etc...and 6, 1-methylnaphtalene (A). Diesel fuel (425 mg/L) peak identification......

María A. Martínez; Salomé Ballesteros

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Gasoline vapor recovery  

SciTech Connect

In a gasoline distribution network wherein gasoline is drawn from a gasoline storage tank and pumped into individual vehicles and wherein the gasoline storage tank is refilled periodically from a gasoline tanker truck, a method of recovering liquid gasoline from gasoline vapor that collects in the headspace of the gasoline storage tank as the liquid gasoline is drawn therefrom, said method comprising the steps of: (a) providing a source of inert gas; (b) introducing inert gas into the gasoline storage tank as liquid gasoline is drawn therefrom so that liquid gasoline drawn from the tank is displaced by inert gas and gasoline vapor mixes with the inert gas in the headspace of the tank; (c) collecting the inert gas/gasoline vapor mixture from the headspace of the gasoline storage tank as the tank is refilled from a gasoline tanker truck; (d) cooling the inert gas/gasoline vapor mixture to a temperature sufficient to condense the gasoline vapor in the mixture to liquid gasoline but not sufficient to liquify the inert gas in the mixture; (e) separating the condensed liquid gasoline from the inert gas; and delivering the condensed liquid gasoline to a remote location for subsequent use.

Lievens, G.; Tiberi, T.P.

1993-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

183

Engines - Fuel Injection and Spray Research - Gasoline Sprays  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gasoline Sprays Gasoline Sprays Animated image of fuel emerging from a gasoline injector Animated image of fuel emerging from a gasoline injector (simulated environment). Some newer automobiles in the U.S. use gasoline direct injection (GDI) engines. These advanced gasoline engines inject the fuel directly into the engine cylinder rather than into the intake port. These engines can achieve higher fuel efficiency, but they depend on a precise fuel/air mixture at the spark plug to initiate ignition. This leads to more stringent requirements on spray quality and reproducibility. GDI also enables new combustion strategies for gasoline engines such as lean burn engines that use less fuel and air. Lean burn engines may achieve efficiencies near those of diesels while producing low emissions. This

184

Light-Duty Diesel EngineTechnology to Meet Future Emissions and...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vehicles 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 Gross Vehicle Weight (lb) Combined Cycle MPG (US) . Gasoline Diesel Diesel average +45% MPG benefit Vehicle range...

185

Investigation of Ultrafine Particle Formation during Diesel Exhaust Dilution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Investigation of Ultrafine Particle Formation during Diesel Exhaust Dilution ... In on-road exhaust studies with a heavy duty diesel vehicle and in laboratory studies with two gasoline-fueled passenger cars, we found that ... ... Analyses of Turbulent Flow Fields and Aerosol Dynamics of Diesel Engine Exhaust Inside Two Dilution Sampling Tunnels Using the CTAG Model ...

Ji Ping Shi; Roy M. Harrison

1999-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

186

With Mathematica Gasoline Inventory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Preprint 1 With Mathematica and J: Gasoline Inventory Simulation Cliff Reiter Computational for the number of gallons of gasoline sold by a station for a thousand weeks. The pattern involves demands with the delivery and storage of the gasoline and we desire not to run out of gasoline or exceed the station

Reiter, Clifford A.

187

Effect of E85 on RCCI Performance and Emissions on a Multi-Cylinder Light-Duty Diesel Engine - SAE World Congress  

SciTech Connect

This paper investigates the effect of E85 on load expansion and FTP modal point emissions indices under reactivity controlled compression ignition (RCCI) operation on a light-duty multi-cylinder diesel engine. A General Motors (GM) 1.9L four-cylinder diesel engine with the stock compression ratio of 17.5:1, common rail diesel injection system, high-pressure exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) system and variable geometry turbocharger was modified to allow for port fuel injection with gasoline or E85. Controlling the fuel reactivity in-cylinder by the adjustment of the ratio of premixed low-reactivity fuel (gasoline or E85) to direct injected high reactivity fuel (diesel fuel) has been shown to extend the operating range of high-efficiency clean combustion (HECC) compared to the use of a single fuel alone as in homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) or premixed charge compression ignition (PCCI). The effect of E85 on the Ad-hoc federal test procedure (FTP) modal points is explored along with the effect of load expansion through the light-duty diesel speed operating range. The Ad-hoc FTP modal points of 1500 rpm, 1.0bar brake mean effective pressure (BMEP); 1500rpm, 2.6bar BMEP; 2000rpm, 2.0bar BMEP; 2300rpm, 4.2bar BMEP; and 2600rpm, 8.8bar BMEP were explored. Previous results with 96 RON unleaded test gasoline (UTG-96) and ultra-low sulfur diesel (ULSD) showed that with stock hardware, the 2600rpm, 8.8bar BMEP modal point was not obtainable due to excessive cylinder pressure rise rate and unstable combustion both with and without the use of EGR. Brake thermal efficiency and emissions performance of RCCI operation with E85 and ULSD is explored and compared against conventional diesel combustion (CDC) and RCCI operation with UTG 96 and ULSD.

Curran, Scott [ORNL; Hanson, Reed M [ORNL; Wagner, Robert M [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Photoacoustic insights on diesel exhaust particles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Photoacoustic measurements at General Motors Research Laboratories on diesel exhaust particulate emissions are reviewed. Conventional optical techniques provide real-time qualitative...

Roessler, David M

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Advanced Gasoline Turbocharged Direct Injection (GTDI) Engine Development  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation given by Ford Motor Companyh at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about advanced gasoline...

190

Diesel de Azufre Ultra Bajo  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diesel de Azufre Ultra Bajo Diesel de Azufre Ultra Bajo ULSD LSD Off-Road Diesel para Carretera de Azufre Ultra Bajo (máximo de 15 ppm de azufre). Se requiere su uso en todos los motores y vehículos diesel de carretera modelos 2007 y posteriores. También se recomienda su uso en todos los vehículos y motores diesel. Diesel para Carretera Bajo en Azufre (máximo de 500 ppm de azufre). Aviso: La ley federal prohíbe su uso en vehículos y motores modelos 2007 y posteriores, su uso podría dañarlos. Combustible Diesel que no es para Carretera (puede exceder 500 ppm de azufre). Aviso: La ley federal prohíbe su uso en vehículos y motores que no son de carretera, su uso podría dañarlos. Los consumidores con vehículos modelo 2007 ó posteriores deben utilizar solo diesel ultra bajo de azufre (ULSD). El ULSD es un diesel de

191

Insights into Spring 2008 Gasoline Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Insights into Spring 2008 Gasoline Prices Insights into Spring 2008 Gasoline Prices Insights into Spring 2008 Gasoline Prices EIA released a new analytical report entitled Motor Gasoline Market Spring 2007 and Implications for Spring 2008. It includes a discussion of scheduled refinery outages in 2008 prepared in accordance with Section 804 of the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007, which requires EIA to review and analyze information on such outages from commercial reporting services and assess to their expected effects on the price and supply of gasoline. Changes in wholesale gasoline prices relative to crude oil are determined by the tightness between gasoline supply (production and net imports) and demand. Expectations for U.S. gasoline supply relative to demand are for a more favorable situation in January through May 2008 than was the case in the comparable 2007 period. Demand growth, which varies seasonally and depends on economic factors, is expected to slow. New gasoline supply is affected by refinery outages, refinery run decisions, and import variations. Planned refinery outages for January through May 2008 are lower than for the same period in 2007. Given lower planned outages and assuming the return of unplanned outages to more typical levels, including the return of BP's Texas City refinery to full operation, gasoline production could increase between 100 and 200 thousand barrels per day over last year's level, depending on the market incentives. In addition, ethanol use, which adds to gasoline supply, is expected to continue to increase. Considering the uncertainty in all the gasoline supply components, there is little likelihood of events combining in 2008 to lead to the kind of tight supply downstream from crude oil markets seen in spring 2007. In summary, refinery outage and import impacts should contribute less to gasoline price increases in 2008 than in 2007. If all of the low-range estimates for supply occurred, total gasoline supply would increase about 200 thousand barrels per day (Figure S1). However, record crude oil prices are nonetheless pushing current and expected gasoline prices to record levels.

192

PADD 5 Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

531 3.526 3.538 3.581 3.602 3.581 1993-2014 531 3.526 3.538 3.581 3.602 3.581 1993-2014 All Grades - Conventional Areas 3.395 3.386 3.384 3.401 3.423 3.420 1995-2014 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 3.587 3.582 3.600 3.654 3.675 3.647 1995-2014 Regular 3.477 3.472 3.483 3.526 3.547 3.526 1992-2014 Conventional Areas 3.343 3.335 3.333 3.351 3.371 3.367 1992-2014 Reformulated Areas 3.535 3.531 3.549 3.603 3.624 3.595 1994-2014 Midgrade 3.618 3.611 3.626 3.668 3.690 3.669 1994-2014 Conventional Areas 3.479 3.471 3.470 3.483 3.510 3.508 1995-2014 Reformulated Areas 3.660 3.654 3.673 3.725 3.746 3.718 1995-2014 Premium 3.730 3.721 3.736 3.777 3.799 3.782 1994-2014 Conventional Areas 3.633 3.619 3.617 3.632 3.655 3.659 1995-2014 Reformulated Areas

193

New York Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

722 3.734 3.749 3.774 3.785 3.741 2000-2014 722 3.734 3.749 3.774 3.785 3.741 2000-2014 All Grades - Conventional Areas 3.730 3.734 3.735 3.757 3.768 3.749 2000-2014 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 3.716 3.735 3.761 3.789 3.799 3.734 2000-2014 Regular 3.618 3.635 3.649 3.679 3.690 3.644 2000-2014 Conventional Areas 3.638 3.647 3.649 3.672 3.683 3.661 2000-2014 Reformulated Areas 3.600 3.624 3.650 3.686 3.697 3.629 2000-2014 Midgrade 3.853 3.858 3.875 3.889 3.898 3.860 2000-2014 Conventional Areas 3.826 3.831 3.833 3.847 3.853 3.843 2000-2014 Reformulated Areas 3.870 3.875 3.902 3.916 3.928 3.871 2000-2014 Premium 3.984 3.988 4.001 4.016 4.025 3.988 2000-2014 Conventional Areas 3.986 3.979 3.975 3.998 4.008 3.997 2000-2014 Reformulated Areas

194

Colorado Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

213 2.116 1.993 1.932 1.933 1.937 2000-2015 All Grades - Conventional Areas 2.213 2.116 1.993 1.932 1.933 1.937 2000-2015 Regular 2.147 2.050 1.927 1.866 1.867 1.871 2000-2015...

195

Texas Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

034 3.066 3.217 3.198 3.179 3.120 2000-2013 034 3.066 3.217 3.198 3.179 3.120 2000-2013 All Grades - Conventional Areas 3.034 3.051 3.204 3.184 3.168 3.123 2000-2013 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 3.035 3.088 3.237 3.219 3.196 3.115 2000-2013 Regular 2.959 2.989 3.146 3.125 3.108 3.048 2000-2013 Conventional Areas 2.967 2.985 3.142 3.119 3.107 3.059 2000-2013 Reformulated Areas 2.946 2.996 3.152 3.133 3.110 3.030 2000-2013 Midgrade 3.149 3.186 3.320 3.305 3.284 3.226 2000-2013 Conventional Areas 3.130 3.153 3.286 3.275 3.254 3.212 2000-2013 Reformulated Areas 3.177 3.234 3.368 3.346 3.326 3.246 2000-2013 Premium 3.312 3.346 3.483 3.472 3.443 3.389 2000-2013 Conventional Areas 3.295 3.309 3.452 3.440 3.411 3.376 2000-2013 Reformulated Areas

196

Fact #639: September 6, 2010 Gasoline Tax Rates by State  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Federal Excise Tax on motor gasoline is 18.4 cents per gallon for all states. Each state applies additional taxes which vary from state to state. As of July 2010, Alaska had the lowest overall...

197

Fact #860 February 16, 2015 Relationship of Vehicle Miles of Travel and the Price of Gasoline  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The prices of gasoline and diesel fuel affect the transportation sector in many ways. For example, fuel prices can impact the number of miles driven and affect the choices consumers make when...

198

Gas Mileage of 1984 Vehicles by American Motors Corporation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 American Motors Corporation Vehicles 4 American Motors Corporation Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 4 cyl, 2.5 L, Manual 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 19 City 20 Combined 22 Highway 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 4 cyl, 2.5 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 19 City 21 Combined 23 Highway 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 6 cyl, 4.2 L, Automatic 3-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 15 City 17 Combined 20 Highway 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 6 cyl, 4.2 L, Manual 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 16 City 17 Combined 20 Highway 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 6 cyl, 4.2 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline

199

Abstract 3777: Diesel motor exhaust and lung cancer risk in a pooled analysis from case-control studies in Europe and Canada  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Mutations and DNA adducts induced by diesel exhaust particles. Jeffrey A. Ross...PAH) levels of a composite sample of diesel-exhaust particles (C-DEP) generated on site from petroleum diesel with a 30-kW 4-cylinder Deutz BF4M1008...

Ann C. Olsson; Per Gustavsson; Hans Kromhout; Susan Peters; Roel C. H. Vermeulen; Irene Brüske; Beate Pesch; Tomas Brüning; Jack Siemiatycki; Javier Pintos; Heinz-Erich Wichmann; Dario Consonni; Nils Plato; Franco Merletti; Dario Mirabelli; Lorenzo Richiardi; Karl-Heinz Jöckel; Wolfgang Ahrens; Hermann Pohlabeln; Lissowska Jolanta; Neonila Szeszenia-Dabrowska; Cassidy Adrian; David Zaridze; Isabelle Stücker; Simone Benhamou; Vladimir Bencko; Lenka Foretova; Vladimir Janout; Peter Rudnai; Eleonora Fabianova; Dana Mates; Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita; Isabelle Gross; Veronique Benhaim-Luzon; Paolo Boffetta; Kurt Straif

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

200

Lean Gasoline Engine Reductant Chemistry During Lean NOx Trap Regeneration  

SciTech Connect

Lean NOx Trap (LNT) catalysts can effectively reduce NOx from lean engine exhaust. Significant research for LNTs in diesel engine applications has been performed and has led to commercialization of the technology. For lean gasoline engine applications, advanced direct injection engines have led to a renewed interest in the potential for lean gasoline vehicles and, thereby, a renewed demand for lean NOx control. To understand the gasoline-based reductant chemistry during regeneration, a BMW lean gasoline vehicle has been studied on a chassis dynamometer. Exhaust samples were collected and analyzed for key reductant species such as H2, CO, NH3, and hydrocarbons during transient drive cycles. The relation of the reductant species to LNT performance will be discussed. Furthermore, the challenges of NOx storage in the lean gasoline application are reviewed.

Choi, Jae-Soon [ORNL] [ORNL; Prikhodko, Vitaly Y [ORNL] [ORNL; Partridge Jr, William P [ORNL] [ORNL; Parks, II, James E [ORNL; Norman, Kevin M [ORNL] [ORNL; Huff, Shean P [ORNL] [ORNL; Chambon, Paul H [ORNL] [ORNL; Thomas, John F [ORNL] [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline diesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Engines - Fuel Injection and Spray Research - Diesel Sprays  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diesel Sprays Diesel Sprays Chris Powell and fuel spray xray beamline Christopher Powell, an engine research scientist, fits a specially designed X-ray pressure window to a high-pressure chamber used in diesel spray research. These windows allow Argonne researchers to use X-rays to probe diesel sprays under the high-density conditions found in diesel engines. Diesel sprays Diesel engines are significantly more fuel-efficient than their gasoline counterparts, so wider adoption of diesels in the U.S. would decrease the nation’s petroleum consumption. However, diesels emit much higher levels of pollutants, especially particulate matter and NOx (nitrogen oxides). These emissions have prevented more manufacturers from introducing diesel passenger cars. Researchers are exploring ways to reduce pollution formation in the engine

202

2006-01-0272 Eliminating Design Alternatives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for engine type: gasoline engine, diesel engine, or electric motor. If the designer, or decision- maker

203

Renewable Diesel  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Renewable Diesel Paraffinic (C 13 -C 18 ) No Oxygen No Double Bonds In Heart of Diesel Fuel (C 10 -C 22 ) High Cetane Feedstock Independent Cold Flow...

204

Diesel exhaust treatment produces cyanide  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Diesel exhaust treatment produces cyanide ... Studies at the Swiss Federal Technical Institute (ETH), Zurich, have produced results that, if confirmed by further research, could pose problems for the developers of catalytic converters that reduce emissions from diesel and leanburn gasoline engines. ... Use of low molecular weight olefins as reductants for selective removal of nitrogen oxides from exhaust gases, either by bleeding the olefins into the exhaust stream or blending them into the fuel itself, has attracted the interest of engine makers and regulatory agencies. ...

JOSEPH HAGGIN

1994-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

205

Argonne TTRDC - Feature - Five Myths About Diesel Engines  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Five Myths About Diesel Engines Five Myths About Diesel Engines by Louise Lerner Steve Ciatti Steve Ciatti in the Engine Research Facility Diesel engines, long confined to trucks and ships, are garnering more interest for their fuel efficiency and reduced carbon dioxide emissions relative to gasoline engines. Argonne mechanical engineer Steve Ciatti takes a crack at some of the more persistent myths surrounding the technology. Myth #1: Diesel is dirty. "We all have this image of trucks belching out dirty black smoke," Ciatti said. This smoke is particulate matter from diesel exhaust: soot and small amounts of other chemicals produced by the engine. But EPA emissions requirements have significantly tightened, and diesel engines now have to meet the same criteria as gasoline engines. They do

206

Light-Duty Diesel Market Potential in North America  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Diesel Engineering General Motors Corporation GM's Long Term Vision Remove the automobile from the energy & environmental equation Reduced Vehicle Emissions and Increased...

207

The potential for low petroleum gasoline  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Policy Act requires the Secretary of Energy to determine the feasibility of producing sufficient replacement fuels to replace at least 30 percent of the projected consumption of motor fuels by light duty vehicles in the year 2010. The Act also requires the Secretary to determine the greenhouse gas implications of the use of replacement fuels. A replacement fuel is a non-petroleum portion of gasoline, including certain alcohols, ethers, and other components. The Oak Ridge National Laboratory Refinery Yield Model has been used to study the cost and refinery impacts for production of {open_quotes}low petroleum{close_quotes} gasolines, which contain replacement fuels. The analysis suggests that high oxygenation is the key to meeting the replacement fuel target, and a major contributor to cost increase is investment in processes to produce and etherify light olefins. High oxygenation can also increase the costs of control of vapor pressure, distillation properties, and pollutant emissions of gasolines. Year-round low petroleum gasoline with near-30 percent non-petroleum components might be produced with cost increases of 23 to 37 cents per gallon of gasoline, and with greenhouse gas emissions changes between a 3 percent increase and a 16 percent decrease. Crude oil reduction, with decreased dependence on foreign sources, is a major objective of the low petroleum gasoline program. For year-round gasoline with near-30 percent non-petroleum components, crude oil use is reduced by 10 to 12 percent, at a cost $48 to $89 per barrel. Depending upon resolution of uncertainties about extrapolation of the Environmental Protection Agency Complex Model for pollutant emissions, availability of raw materials and other issues, costs could be lower or higher.

Hadder, G.R.; Webb, G.M.; Clauson, M.

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

gasoline | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

gasoline gasoline Dataset Summary Description These data files contain volume, mass, and hardness changes of elastomers and plastics representative exposed to gasoline containing various levels of ethanol. These materials are representative of those used in gasoline fuel storage and dispensing hardware. All values are compared to the original untreated condition. The data sets include results from specimens exposed directly to the fuel liquid and also a set of specimens exposed only to the fuel vapors. Source Mike Kass, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Date Released August 16th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated August 16th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords compatibility elastomers ethanol gasoline plastics polymers Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon plastics_dma_results_san.xlsx (xlsx, 4.9 MiB)

209

Short-Term Energy Outlook April 1999-Summer Gasoline Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Summer Motor Gasoline Outlook Summer Motor Gasoline Outlook This year's base case outlook for summer (April-September) motor gasoline markets may be summarized as follows: * Pump Prices: (average regular) projected to average about $1.13 per gallon this summer, up 9-10 cents from last year. The increase, while substantial, still leaves average prices low compared to pre-1998 history, especially in inflation-adjusted terms. * Supplies: expected to be adequate, overall. Beginning-of-season inventories were even with the 1998 level, which was at the high end of the normal range. However, some refinery problems on the West Coast have tightened things up, at least temporarily. * Demand: up 2.0 percent from last summer due to solid economic growth and low (albeit rising) fuel prices; highway travel may reach 1.4 trillion miles for the

210

State Gasoline Taxes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS HUMANISTIC STUDIES Vol. III March 15, 192S No. 4 State Gasoline Taxes BY KDMUNI) IV LKAENKI), A. B., A, M. Instructor in Economics and Commerce The Unlvmity of Kansas PUBLISHED BY THE UNIVERSITY l... vast sums of money, Oregon was the first state to adopt a tax on gasoline to provide revenue for building and maintaining roads. Since this adoption in 1919, many states have passed laws provid ing for gasoline taxes until now forty-four states...

Learned, Edmund Philip

1925-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

211

Vehículos Diesel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vehículos Diesel Vehículos Diesel Audi A3 Los vehículos Diesel podrían estar de regreso. Los motores de Diesel son más poderosos y ahorradores de gasolina en comparación con los motores de gasolina del mismo tamaño (un 30-35% aprox. más eficientes en su consumo). Además, los vehículos diesel son mejores que los que se fabricaban en el pasado. Mejor Desempeño Tienen mejores inyectores de combustible y tecnologías electrónicas en sus controles Más poder Aceleración Mejorada Más Eficiencia Los nuevos diseños en los motores, además de las tecnologías de reducción de ruido y vibración, los han hecho silenciosos y suaves en su manejo. El arranque en clima-frío también ha sido mejorado. Más Limpios Mercedes ML320 BlueTEC En la actualidad los diesels deben cumplir con los mismos estándares de

212

U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Apr Apr '00 to May '00: +3.6% May '99 to May '00: +0.6% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -1.3% U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Apr '00 to M ay '00: +3.2% M ay '99 to M ay '00: +5.7% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -0.9% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Apr '00 to May '00: +0.8% May '99 to May '00: +4.0% YTD '99 to YTD '00: +3.9% U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 600 700 800 900 1,000 1,100 1,200 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Apr '00 to May '00: +0.4% May '99 to May '00: -1.6% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -17.5% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons

213

Motor Gasoline Sales Through Retail Outlets Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

41 2.773 1.894 2.319 - - 1984-2012 41 2.773 1.894 2.319 - - 1984-2012 East Coast (PADD 1) 2.305 2.782 1.879 2.300 - - 1984-2012 New England (PADD 1A) 2.368 2.822 1.960 2.377 - - 1984-2012 Connecticut 2.388 2.808 1.943 2.422 - - 1984-2012 Maine 2.384 2.846 1.984 2.360 - - 1984-2012 Massachusetts 2.367 2.822 1.970 2.360 - - 1984-2012 New Hampshire 2.348 2.818 1.945 2.376 - - 1984-2012 Rhode Island 2.294 2.730 1.896 2.328 - - 1984-2012 Vermont 2.421 2.929 1.990 2.422 - - 1984-2012 Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) 2.310 2.787 1.900 2.328 - - 1984-2012 Delaware 2.274 2.754 1.872 2.313 - - 1984-2012 District of Columbia W W NA 2.449 - - 1984-2012 Maryland 2.321 2.760 1.882 2.321 - - 1984-2012 New Jersey 2.320 2.824 1.924 2.352 - - 1984-2012

214

U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Nov Nov '00 to Dec '00: +1.3% Dec '99 to Dec '00: -5.0% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -1.7% U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500 Jan Feb Mar A pr May Jun Jul A ug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 A djusted Gro wth R ates* Nov '00 to Dec '00: +8.4% Dec '99 to Dec '00: +3.1% YTD '99 to YTD '00: +2.0% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 2,100 2,200 Jan Feb Mar A pr May Jun Jul A ug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adj usted Growth Rates* Nov '00 to Dec '00: -0.4% Dec '99 to Dec '00: -3.0% YTD '99 to YTD '00: +3.9% U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 600 700 800 900 1,000 1,100 1,200 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Nov '00 to Dec '00: +35.9% Dec '99 to Dec '00: +41.0% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -4.1% U.S. Propane Sales 600 900 1,200 1,500 1,800 2,100 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons

215

U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Jan Jan '01 to Feb '01: 5.1% Feb '00 to Feb '01: +0.9% YTD '00 to YTD '01: +3.8% U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 4,000 4,300 4,600 4,900 5,200 5,500 5,800 Jan Feb Mar A pr May Jun Jul A ug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1999 2000 2001 A djusted Gro wth R ates* Jan '01 to Feb '01: -6.4% Feb '00 to Feb '01: +4.3% YTD '00 to YTD '01: +11.5% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 2,100 2,200 Jan Feb Mar A pr May Jun Jul A ug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1999 2000 2001 Adj usted Growth Rates* Jan '01 to Feb '01: +0.5% Feb '00 to Feb '01: -1.3% YTD '00 to YTD '01: +0.4% U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 600 700 800 900 1,000 1,100 1,200 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Nov '00 to Dec '00: +35.9% Dec '99 to Dec '00: +41.0% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -4.1% U.S. Propane Sales 600 900 1,200 1,500 1,800 2,100 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions

216

U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

May May '01 to Jun '01: +2.5% Jun '00 to Jun '01: +1.1% YTD '00 to YTD '01: +2.0% U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 4,000 4,300 4,600 4,900 5,200 5,500 5,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1999 2000 2001 Adjusted Growth Rates* M ay '01 to Jun '01: -3.2% Jun '00 to Jun '01: -3.3% YTD '00 to YTD '01: +6.3% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 2,100 2,200 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1999 2000 2001 Adjusted Growth Rates* May '01 to Jun '01: +0.0% Jun '00 to Jun '01: -6.6% YTD '00 to YTD '01: -2.2% U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 600 700 800 900 1,000 1,100 1,200 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Nov '00 to Dec '00: +35.9% Dec '99 to Dec '00: +41.0% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -4.1% U.S. Propane Sales 600 900 1,200 1,500 1,800 2,100 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions

217

U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Mar Mar '01 to Apr '01: +1.9% Apr '00 to Apr '01: +3.0% YTD '00 to YTD '01: +2.8% U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 4,000 4,300 4,600 4,900 5,200 5,500 5,800 Jan Feb Mar A pr May Jun Jul A ug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1999 2000 2001 A djusted Gro wth R ates* Mar '01 to Apr '01: -5.4% Apr '00 to Apr '01: +9.5% YTD '00 to YTD '01: +10.2% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 2,100 2,200 Jan Feb Mar A pr May Jun Jul A ug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1999 2000 2001 Adj usted Growth Rates* Mar '01 to Apr '01: -2.4% Apr '00 to Apr '01: -4.7% YTD '00 to YTD '01: -1.4% U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 600 700 800 900 1,000 1,100 1,200 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Nov '00 to Dec '00: +35.9% Dec '99 to Dec '00: +41.0% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -4.1% U.S. Propane Sales 600 900 1,200 1,500 1,800 2,100 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions

218

Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History U.S. 376,636.4 362,968.6 362,798.5 365,247.6 354,951.9 347,234.5 1983-2012 East Coast (PADD 1) 134,534.8 128,463.4 129,135.1 128,893.5 125,252.4 119,021.3 1983-2012 New England (PADD 1A) 17,818.7 17,328.6 17,181.3 17,270.6 17,000.4 16,279.8 1983-2012 Connecticut 4,360.7 4,246.8 4,355.4 4,425.7 4,305.0 3,921.4 1983-2012 Maine 2,060.3 1,866.8 1,878.1 1,888.9 1,881.7 1,852.8 1983-2012 Massachusetts 7,598.2 7,425.7 7,022.2 6,997.2 6,993.4 6,821.5 1983-2012 New Hampshire 1,640.1 1,585.1 1,613.9 1,610.0 1,417.5 1,448.0 1983-2012 Rhode Island 1,286.3 1,401.8 1,380.8 1,417.8 1,514.9 1,340.0 1983-2012 Vermont 873.2 802.4 930.9 931.0 887.9 896.0 1983-2012 Central Atlantic (PADD 1B)

219

Motor Gasoline Sales to End Users Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History U.S. 2.338 2.772 1.893 2.316 - - 1984-2012 East Coast (PADD 1) 2.302 2.780 1.877 2.298 - - 1984-2012 New England (PADD 1A) 2.366 2.819 1.959 2.375 - - 1984-2012 Connecticut 2.381 2.804 1.944 2.415 - - 1984-2012 Maine 2.384 2.848 1.984 2.360 - - 1984-2012 Massachusetts 2.366 2.820 1.969 2.358 - - 1984-2012 New Hampshire 2.348 2.809 1.940 2.375 - - 1984-2012 Rhode Island 2.294 2.729 1.896 2.329 - - 1984-2012 Vermont 2.420 2.925 1.989 2.422 - - 1984-2012 Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) 2.308 2.791 1.900 2.324 - - 1984-2012 Delaware 2.272 2.755 1.874 2.312 - - 1984-2012 District of Columbia 2.280 2.808 NA 2.396 - - 1984-2012 Maryland 2.313 2.808 1.883 2.315 - - 1984-2012

220

U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

May May '00 to Jun '00: +0.9% Jun '99 to Jun '00: -2.1% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -1.4% U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* May '00 to Jun '00: +0.1% Jun '99 to Jun '00: -0.1% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -0.8% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 2,100 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* May '00 to Jun '00: +6.9% Jun '99 to Jun '00: +8.2% YTD '99 to YTD '00: +4.6% U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 600 700 800 900 1,000 1,100 1,200 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* May '00 to Jun '00: +12.2% Jun '99 to Jun '00: +5.1% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -14.7% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline diesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Feb Feb '00 to Mar '00: -0.6% Mar '99 to Mar '00: -3.0% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -2.2% U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Feb '00 to M ar '00: -4.7% M ar '99 to M ar '00: -9.2% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -2.6% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Feb '00 to Mar '00: +3.8% Mar '99 to Mar '00: +5.3% YTD '99 to YTD '00: +2.8% U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 600 700 800 900 1,000 1,100 1,200 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Feb '00 to Mar '00: -12.2% Mar '99 to Mar '00: -22.9% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -22.5% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of

222

U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Mar Mar '00 to Apr '00: +0.3% Apr '99 to Apr '00: -2.2% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -1.8% U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500 Jan Feb Mar A pr May Jun Jul A ug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 A djusted Gro wth R ates* Mar '00 to Apr '00: -5.8% Apr '99 to Apr '00: -1.9% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -2.4% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar A pr May Jun Jul A ug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adj usted Growth Rates* Mar '00 to Apr '00: +0.3% Apr '99 to Apr '00: +5.8% YTD '99 to YTD '00: +3.9% U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 600 700 800 900 1,000 1,100 1,200 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Mar '00 to Apr '00: -2.2% Apr '99 to Apr '00: -9.0% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -20.4% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons

223

U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Jun Jun '00 to Jul '00: -2.3% Jul '99 to Jul '00: -3.9% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -2.2% U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jun '00 to Jul '00: -8.2% Jul '99 to Jul '00: +0.2% YTD '99 to YTD '00: +1.7% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 2,100 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jun '00 to Jul '00: -1.1% Jul '99 to Jul '00: +5.0% YTD '99 to YTD '00: +5.2% U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 600 700 800 900 1,000 1,100 1,200 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jun '00 to Jul '00: +5.9% Jul '99 to Jul '00: +1.9% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -13.5% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons

224

Stocks of Motor Gasoline Blending Components  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

187,013 192,571 196,254 197,510 206,627 210,238 1983-2015 PADD 1 46,448 47,840 50,373 50,816 56,416 58,286 2004-2015 PADD 2 38,944 40,652 41,331 43,698 45,607 47,017 2004-2015 PADD...

225

U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Aug Aug '00 to Sep '00: -4.5% Sep '99 to Sep '00: -1.0% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -1.6% U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500 Jan Feb Mar A pr May Jun Jul A ug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 A djusted Gro wth R ates* Aug '00 to Sep '00: -3.0% Sep '99 to Sep'00: +1.6% YTD '99 to YTD '00: +2.4% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 2,100 2,200 Jan Feb Mar A pr May Jun Jul A ug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adj usted Growth Rates* Aug '00 to Sep '00: -0.1% Sep '99 to Sep '00: +7.4% YTD '99 to YTD '00: +5.4% U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 600 700 800 900 1,000 1,100 1,200 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Aug '00 to Sep '00: -0.6% Sep '99 to Sep '00: +0.8% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -10.7% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions

226

U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Jan Jan '00 to Feb '00: +11.1% Feb '99 to Feb '00: -0.5% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -1.8% U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jan '00 to Feb '00: +6.7% Feb '99 to Feb '00: +2.5% YTD '99 to YTD '00: +1.3% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jan '00 to Feb '00: +5.5% Feb '99 to Feb '00: +0.8% YTD '99 to YTD '00: +2.2% U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 600 700 800 900 1,000 1,100 1,200 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jan '00 to Feb '00: +4.6% Feb '99 to Feb '00: -19.3% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -21.7% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of

227

U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Oct Oct '00 to Nov '00: -0.4% Nov '99 to Nov '00: -0.5% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -1.4% U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500 Jan Feb Mar A pr May Jun Jul A ug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 A djusted Gro wth R ates* Oct '00 to Nov '00: -1.3% Nov '99 to Nov '00: -0.7% YTD '99 to YTD '00: +2.0% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 2,100 2,200 Jan Feb Mar A pr May Jun Jul A ug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adj usted Growth Rates* Oct '00 to Nov '00: +1.5% Nov '99 to Nov '00: +0.6% YTD '99 to YTD '00: +4.6% U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 600 700 800 900 1,000 1,100 1,200 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Oct '00 to Nov '00: -7.8% Nov '99 to Nov '00: +1.3% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -7.8% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions

228

Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

351,699.1 357,563.7 359,454.4 355,964.6 360,621.2 344,753.3 351,699.1 357,563.7 359,454.4 355,964.6 360,621.2 344,753.3 1983-2013 East Coast (PADD 1) 119,156.1 119,239.6 119,547.5 117,708.0 119,558.2 116,411.8 1983-2013 New England (PADD 1A) 16,290.9 16,389.7 16,865.8 17,252.5 17,023.4 15,696.1 1983-2013 Connecticut 3,962.5 3,969.5 4,012.0 3,982.9 4,034.9 3,938.4 1983-2013 Maine 1,996.1 2,019.3 2,115.5 2,325.4 2,352.0 1,993.8 1983-2013 Massachusetts 6,548.1 6,503.0 6,738.6 6,583.4 6,362.9 5,878.6 1983-2013 New Hampshire 1,640.7 1,674.8 1,710.0 1,881.9 1,811.8 1,630.1 1983-2013 Rhode Island 1,251.2 1,324.8 1,380.6 1,455.4 1,427.8 1,331.8 1983-2013 Vermont 892.2 898.4 909.2 1,023.5 1,034.1 923.4 1983-2013 Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) 41,665.6 41,737.2 42,371.2 42,040.6 42,068.1 41,170.2 1983-2013

229

Motor Gasoline Sales to End Users Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

83-2013 83-2013 East Coast (PADD 1) - - - - - - 1983-2013 New England (PADD 1A) - - - - - - 1983-2013 Connecticut - - - - - - 1983-2013 Maine - - - - - - 1983-2013 Massachusetts - - - - - - 1983-2013 New Hampshire - - - - - - 1983-2013 Rhode Island - - - - - - 1983-2013 Vermont - - - - - - 1983-2013 Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) - - - - - - 1983-2013 Delaware - - - - - - 1983-2013 District of Columbia - - - - - - 1983-2013 Maryland - - - - - - 1983-2013 New Jersey - - - - - - 1983-2013 New York - - - - - - 1983-2013 Pennsylvania - - - - - - 1983-2013 Lower Atlantic (PADD 1C) - - - - - - 1983-2013 Florida - - - - - - 1983-2013 Georgia - - - - - - 1983-2013 North Carolina - - - - - - 1983-2013

230

U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Jul Jul '00 to Aug '00: +2.0% Aug '99 to Aug '00: +0.6% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -1.6% U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jul '00 to Aug '00: +12.2% Aug '99 to Aug '00: +8.2% YTD '99 to YTD '00: +2.5% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 2,100 2,200 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jul '00 to Aug '00: -1.9% Aug '99 to Aug '00: +4.5% YTD '99 to YTD '00: +5.3% U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 600 700 800 900 1,000 1,100 1,200 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jul '00 to Aug '00: -4.1% Aug '99 to Aug '00: +0.0% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -11.8% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions

231

U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Apr Apr '01 to May '01: +0.6% May '00 to May '01: -0.1% YTD '00 to YTD '01: +2.2% U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 4,000 4,300 4,600 4,900 5,200 5,500 5,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1999 2000 2001 Adjusted Growth Rates* Apr '01 to M ay '01: -4.6% M ay '00 to M ay '01: +1.0% YTD '00 to YTD '01: +8.3% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 2,100 2,200 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1999 2000 2001 Adjusted Growth Rates* Apr '01 to May '01: +5.6% May '00 to May '01: -0.2% YTD '00 to YTD '01: -1.1% U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 600 700 800 900 1,000 1,100 1,200 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Nov '00 to Dec '00: +35.9% Dec '99 to Dec '00: +41.0% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -4.1% U.S. Propane Sales 600 900 1,200 1,500 1,800 2,100 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions

232

U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Dec Dec '00 to Jan '01: -6.9% Jan '00 to Jan '01: +7.6% YTD '00 to YTD '01: +7.6% U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 4,000 4,300 4,600 4,900 5,200 5,500 5,800 Jan Feb Mar A pr May Jun Jul A ug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1999 2000 2001 A djusted Gro wth R ates* Dec '00 to Jan '01: +7.1% Jan '00 to Jan '01: +19.5% YTD '00 to YTD '01: +19.5% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 2,100 2,200 Jan Feb Mar A pr May Jun Jul A ug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1999 2000 2001 Adj usted Growth Rates* Dec '00 to Jan '01: -3.3% Jan '00 to Jan '01: +2.4% YTD '00 to YTD '01: +2.4% U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 600 700 800 900 1,000 1,100 1,200 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Nov '00 to Dec '00: +35.9% Dec '99 to Dec '00: +41.0% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -4.1% U.S. Propane Sales 600 900 1,200 1,500 1,800 2,100 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions

233

Combustion Modeling for Diesel Engine Control Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Combustion Modeling for Diesel Engine Control Design Von der Fakult¨at f¨ur Maschinenwesen der Combustion Modeling for Diesel Engine Control Design WICHTIG: D 82 überprüfen !!! #12;Bibliographic research stays at General Motors R&D in Warren, MI, USA, possible. Furthermore, I would like thank Tom

Peters, Norbert

234

Argonne TTRDC - Feature - Combining Gas and Diesel Engines  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Combining Gas and Diesel Engines Could Yield the Best of Both Worlds Combining Gas and Diesel Engines Could Yield the Best of Both Worlds by Louise Lerner Steve Ciatti Steve Ciatti in the Engine Research Facility It may be hard to believe, but the beloved gasoline engine that powers more than 200 million cars across America every day didn't get its status because it's the most efficient engine. Diesel engines can be more than twice as efficient, but they spew soot and pollutants into the air. Could researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory engineer a union between the two-combining the best of both? Steve Ciatti, a mechanical engineer at Argonne, is heading a team to explore the possibilities of a gasoline-diesel engine. The result, so far, is cleaner than a diesel engine and almost twice as efficient as a typical

235

diesel | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

diesel diesel Dataset Summary Description The JodiOil World Database is freely available from the Joint Organisations Data Initiative (JODI) and is updated on or around the 20th of each month. Source JODI Date Released October 01st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated March 21st, 2011 (3 years ago) Keywords crude oil diesel fuel oil gasoline kerosene LPG Data application/zip icon Text file, all JODI Database data: Jan 2002 - Jan 2011 (zip, 14.5 MiB) application/pdf icon Definitions of Abbreviations and Codes (pdf, 698.3 KiB) application/pdf icon Column Headings for Dataset (pdf, 13.4 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Some of the data has "some review" and some of the data has "no review"; the supplemental documentation provides definitions for the assessment codes for each piece of data in the datasets (essentially, 1 = some review, 2 = use with caution, 3 = not reviewed)

236

Cummins' Next Generation Tier 2, Bin 2 Light Truck Diesel Engine  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Development of a new light truck, in-line 4-cylinder turbocharged diesel engine that will meet Tier 2, Bin 2 emissions and at least a 40% fuel economy benefit over the V-8 gasoline engine it could replace

237

Cummins Next Generation Tier 2, Bin 2 Light Truck Diesel engine  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Discusses plan, baselining, and modeling, for new light truck 4-cylinder turbocharged diesel meeting Tier 2, Bin 2 emissions and 40 percent better fuel economy than the V-8 gasoline engine it will replace

238

Hydrogen-free domestic technologies for conversion of low-octane gasoline distillates on zeolite catalysts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This review is devoted to the problem of the Russian domestic manufacture of high-quality motor fuels using hydrogen-free catalytic conversion of straight-run gasoline on zeolites with a high content of...

L. M. Velichkina

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Effects of Fuel Injection Timing on Combustion and Emission Characteristics of a Diesel Engine Fueled with Diesel?Propane Blends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Effects of Fuel Injection Timing on Combustion and Emission Characteristics of a Diesel Engine Fueled with Diesel?Propane Blends ... State Key Laboratory of Multiphase Flow in Power Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, China, and College of Vehicle & Motive Power Engineering, Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang, 471003, China ... It is the third most widely used vehicle fuel behind the gasoline and diesel fuels.1 Diesel fuel has been widely used in internal combustion engines due to its high thermal efficiency and low CO2 emission. ...

Zhihao Ma; Zuohua Huang; Chongxiao Li; Xinbin Wang; Haiyan Miao

2007-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

240

Regional Retail Gasoline Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 Notes: Retail gasoline prices, like those for distillate fuels, have hit record prices nationally and in several regions this year. The national average regular gasoline price peaked at $1.68 per gallon in mid-June, but quickly declined, and now stands at $1.45, 17 cents higher than a year ago. Two regions, in particular, experienced sharp gasoline price runups this year. California, which often has some of the highest prices in the nation, saw prices peak near $1.85 in mid-September, while the Midwest had average prices over $1.87 in mid-June. Local prices at some stations in both areas hit levels well over $2.00 per gallon. The reasons for the regional price runups differed significantly. In the Midwest, the introduction of Phase 2 RFG was hampered by low stocks,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline diesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

El Paso Gasoline Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 Notes: Good morning. I’m glad to be here in El Paso to share some of my agency’s insights on crude oil and gasoline prices. I represent the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. My division has the responsibility to monitor petroleum supplies and prices in the United States. As part of that work, we operate a number of surveys on a weekly, monthly, and annual basis. One of these is a weekly survey of retail gasoline prices at about 800 stations nationwide. This survey in particular allows us to observe the differences between local gasoline markets in the United States. While we track relatively few stations in the El Paso area, we have compared our price data with that collected by the El Paso City-County Health and Environmental District and

242

Is the gasoline tax regressive?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Claims of the regressivity of gasoline taxes typically rely on annual surveys of consumer income and expenditures which show that gasoline expenditures are a larger fraction of income for very low income households than ...

Poterba, James M.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

MotorWeek: Fuel Economy Focus  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Navigational links Navigational links Site Map | Videos | Links | More Info | Search | Contacts | HOME www.fueleconomy.gov Photograph of Cars Find and Compare Cars | Gas Mileage Tips | Gasoline Prices | Your MPG Will Vary | Why is Fuel Economy Important? | Your MPG | Hybrids, Diesels, Alt Fuels, Etc. | Tax Incentives | Extreme MPG U.S. Department of Energy | Print the Fuel Economy Guide | U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Gas Mileage Tips Driving more efficiently Keeping your car in shape Planning and combining trips Choosing a more efficient vehicle More Info MotorWeek: Text Version Video: MotorWeek test showing impact of driving style on MPG. Fuel Economy Focus John Davis The window sticker on a new car contains lots of information besides just the price. For instance, down at the bottom are the all important government fuel economy estimates. But just like the price on the sticker may have little in common with what you actually pay for the car, the mileage estimates may also be far different from real world results. So, why does gas mileage vary so much? Well, the answers are as varied as your mileage.

244

Diesel Links  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Links Links Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov Web site. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Diesel Vehicles and Manufacturers Audi A3 (TDI models) A6 (TDI models) A7 (TDI models) A8 L (TDI model) Q5 (TDI models) Q7 (TDI models) BMW 328d Sedan 328d xDrive Sedan 328d xDrive Sports Wagon 535d Sedan 535d xDrive Sedan Chevrolet Cruze Turbo Diesel Jeep Grand Cherokee EcoDiesel Mercedes-Benz E250 BlueTEC GL350 BlueTEC GLK250 BlueTEC ML350 BlueTEC Porsche Cayenne Diesel Volkswagen Beetle (TDI models) Beetle Convertible (TDI models) Golf (TDI models) Jetta (TDI models) Jetta Sportwagen (TDI models) Passat (TDI models) Touareg (TDI models) Diesel-Related Information

245

Flammability of diesel fuels with various compositions  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on a study of the flammability of a number of fuels and blends, in relation to their physicochemical properties, particularly the volatility; these studies were performed in a specially designed simulator. The following fuels were used in the studies: a hydrotreated straight-run diesel fuel L; a catalytic gas oil; diesel fuel A; blends of diesel fuels L and A with cetaine, alpha-methylnaphthalene, undecane, and docosane; and a blend of fuel L, A-72 gasoline, and the additive TsGN. The physicochemical properties of the test fuels are shown. It is shown that the flammability of fuels with various compositions in a diesel engine is more correctly evaluated on the basis of the ignition delay period, which can be calculated from the cetane number and other physicochemical property indexes of fuels for a particular set of engine operating conditions.

Gureev, A.A.; Kamfer, G.M.; Prigul'skii, G.B.

1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Chemistry Impacts in Gasoline HCCI  

SciTech Connect

The use of homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) combustion in internal combustion engines is of interest because it has the potential to produce low oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and particulate matter (PM) emissions while providing diesel-like efficiency. In HCCI combustion, a premixed charge of fuel and air auto-ignites at multiple points in the cylinder near top dead center (TDC), resulting in rapid combustion with very little flame propagation. In order to prevent excessive knocking during HCCI combustion, it must take place in a dilute environment, resulting from either operating fuel lean or providing high levels of either internal or external exhaust gas recirculation (EGR). Operating the engine in a dilute environment can substantially reduce the pumping losses, thus providing the main efficiency advantage compared to spark-ignition (SI) engines. Low NOx and PM emissions have been reported by virtually all researchers for operation under HCCI conditions. The precise emissions can vary depending on how well mixed the intake charge is, the fuel used, and the phasing of the HCCI combustion event; but it is common for there to be no measurable PM emissions and NOx emissions <10 ppm. Much of the early HCCI work was done on 2-stroke engines, and in these studies the CO and hydrocarbon emissions were reported to decrease [1]. However, in modern 4-stroke engines, the CO and hydrocarbon emissions from HCCI usually represent a marked increase compared with conventional SI combustion. This literature review does not report on HCCI emissions because the trends mentioned above are well established in the literature. The main focus of this literature review is the auto-ignition performance of gasoline-type fuels. It follows that this discussion relies heavily on the extensive information available about gasoline auto-ignition from studying knock in SI engines. Section 2 discusses hydrocarbon auto-ignition, the octane number scale, the chemistry behind it, its shortcomings, and its relevance to HCCI. Section 3 discusses the effects of fuel volatility on fuel and air mixing and the consequences it has on HCCI. The effects of alcohol fuels on HCCI performance, and specifically the effects that they have on the operable speed/load range, are reviewed in Section 4. Finally, conclusions are drawn in Section 5.

Szybist, James P [ORNL; Bunting, Bruce G [ORNL

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

GASOLINE VEHICLE EXHAUST PARTICLE SAMPLING STUDY  

SciTech Connect

The University of Minnesota collaborated with the Paul Scherrer Institute, the University of Wisconsin (UWI) and Ricardo, Inc to physically and chemically characterize the exhaust plume from recruited gasoline spark ignition (SI) vehicles. The project objectives were: (1) Measure representative particle size distributions from a set of on-road SI vehicles and compare these data to similar data collected on a small subset of light-duty gasoline vehicles tested on a chassis dynamometer with a dilution tunnel using the Unified Drive Cycle, at both room temperature (cold start) and 0 C (cold-cold start). (2) Compare data collected from SI vehicles to similar data collected from Diesel engines during the Coordinating Research Council E-43 project. (3) Characterize on-road aerosol during mixed midweek traffic and Sunday midday periods and determine fleet-specific emission rates. (4) Characterize bulk- and size-segregated chemical composition of the particulate matter (PM) emitted in the exhaust from the gasoline vehicles. Particle number concentrations and size distributions are strongly influenced by dilution and sampling conditions. Laboratory methods were evaluated to dilute SI exhaust in a way that would produce size distributions that were similar to those measured during laboratory experiments. Size fractionated samples were collected for chemical analysis using a nano-microorifice uniform deposit impactor (nano-MOUDI). In addition, bulk samples were collected and analyzed. A mixture of low, mid and high mileage vehicles were recruited for testing during the study. Under steady highway cruise conditions a significant particle signature above background was not measured, but during hard accelerations number size distributions for the test fleet were similar to modern heavy-duty Diesel vehicles. Number emissions were much higher at high speed and during cold-cold starts. Fuel specific number emissions range from 1012 to 3 x 1016 particles/kg fuel. A simple relationship between number and mass emissions was not observed. Data were collected on-road to compare weekday with weekend air quality around the Twin Cities area. This portion of the study resulted in the development of a method to apportion the Diesel and SI contribution to on-road aerosol.

Kittelson, D; Watts, W; Johnson, J; Zarling, D Schauer,J Kasper, K; Baltensperger, U; Burtscher, H

2003-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

248

Gasoline demand in developing Asian countries  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents econometric estimates of motor gasoline demand in eleven developing countries of Asia. The price and GDP per capita elasticities are estimated for each country separately, and for several pooled combinations of the countries. The estimated elasticities for the Asian countries are compared with those of the OECD countries. Generally, one finds that the OECD countries have GDP elasticities that are smaller, and price elasticities that are larger (in absolute value). The price elasticities for the low-income Asian countries are more inelastic than for the middle-income Asian countries, and the GDP elasticities are generally more elastic. 13 refs., 6 tabs.

McRae, R. [Univ. of Calgary, Alberta (Canada)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

249

EPA Diesel Update  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

engines - Diesel vehicles have been available in Europe for many years - Diesel market penetration increased significantly coincidental with new diesel technologies * Industry...

250

Diesel Fuel Price Pass-through  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Diesel Fuel Price Pass-through Diesel Fuel Price Pass-through EIA Home > Petroleum > Petroleum Feature Articles Diesel Fuel Price Pass-through Printer-Friendly PDF Diesel Fuel Price Pass-through by Michael Burdette and John Zyren* Over the past several years, the Energy Information Administration (EIA) has extensively studied the relationships between wholesale and retail markets for petroleum products. Beginning with gasoline, we looked at the two ends of the pricing structure in the U.S. market: daily spot prices, which capture sales of large quantities of product between refiners, importers/exporters, and traders; and weekly retail prices, measured at local gasoline outlets nationwide. In the course of this analysis, EIA has found that the relationships between spot and retail prices are consistent and predictable, to the extent that changes in spot prices can be used to forecast subsequent changes in retail prices for the appropriate regions. This article represents the extension of this type of analysis and modeling into the diesel fuel markets.

251

DOE/VTP Light-Duty Diesel Engine Commercialization  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

VTP Light-Duty Diesel Engine Commercialization VTP Light-Duty Diesel Engine Commercialization Vehicle Technologies Program (VTP) spearheaded the development of clean diesel engine technologies for passenger vehicles in the 1990s, spurring the current reintroduction of highly efficient diesel vehicles into the passenger market. Cummins partnered with VTP to develop a diesel engine that meets the 50-state 2010 emissions standards while boosting vehicle fuel economy by 30% over comparable gasoline-powered vehicles. The Cummins engine is scheduled to debut in 2010 Chrysler sport utility vehicles and pickup trucks. VTP-sponsored research demonstrated the ability of diesel passenger vehicles with advanced aftertreatment to meet EPA's stringent Tier II Bin 5 standards, representing an 83% reduction in NOx and more than 87% reduction in

252

Fuel excise taxes and consumer gasoline demand: comparing average retail price effects and gasoline tax effects .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Interest in using gasoline taxes as a gasoline consumption reduction policy has increased. This study asks three questions to help determine how consumer gasoline consumption… (more)

Sauer, William

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

DOE Hydrogen Analysis Repository: Ethanol-Diesel Blends in Buses and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ethanol-Diesel Blends in Buses and Tractors Ethanol-Diesel Blends in Buses and Tractors Project Summary Full Title: Fuel-Cycle Energy and Emission Impacts of Ethanol-Diesel Blends in Urban Buses and Farming Tractors Project ID: 86 Principal Investigator: Michael Wang Brief Description: This project studied the full fuel-cycle energy and emissions effects of ethanol-diesel blends relative to those of petroleum diesel when used in urban transit buses and farming tractors. Keywords: Ethanol; diesel; emissions; well-to-wheels (WTW) Purpose Numerous studies have been conducted to evaluate the fuel-cycle energy and greenhouse gas (GHG) emission effects of ethanol-gasoline blends relative to those of gasoline for applications in spark- ignition engine vehicles. Those studies did not address the energy and emission effects of

254

Urea SCR and DPF System for Diesel Sport Utility Vehicle Meeting...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Urea SCR and DPF System for Diesel Sport Utility Vehicle Meeting Tier II Bin 5 2003 DEER Conference Presentation: Ford Motor Company 2003deerhammerle.pdf More Documents &...

255

Enlaces Diesel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Enlaces Diesel Enlaces Diesel Los siguientes enlaces no son parte del sitio ahorremosgasolina.gov. Le ofrecemos estos enlaces externos para que a su conveniencia tenga acceso a información adicional que puede serle útil o interesante para usted. Vehículos y Fabricantes Diesel Audi A3 (modelos TDI) Q7 (modelos TDI) Mercedes-Benz Mercedes E350 BlueTEC Mercedes GL350 BlueTEC Mercedes ML350 BlueTEC Mercedes R350 BlueTEC Volkswagen Golf (modelos TDI) Jetta (modelos TDI) Jetta Sportwagen (modelos TDI) Touareg (modelos TDI) Información Sobre el Diesel Biodiesel Abundante información sobre el biodiesel proporcionada por el Centro de Datos de Combustibles Alternativos y Vehículos Avanzados (AFDC) Mezclas de Biodiesel Ícono de Adobe Acrobat Informe sobre el debate de las mezclas de biodiesel desarrollado por el programa de Ciudades Limpias del EERE.

256

In Oklahoma and other parts of the Midwest, gasoline prices have been  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

's biomass for biofuels can improve profitability for farmers, enhance local economies, attract capital for the production of drop-in biofuels including propanol, butanol and hexanol. These higher alcohols can be converted with chemical catalysts to produce renewable gasoline, diesel and jet fuels. "We are advancing

Balasundaram, Balabhaskar "Baski"

257

Gasoline Price Pass-through  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Gasoline Price Pass-through Gasoline Price Pass-through January 2003 by Michael Burdette and John Zyren* The single most visible energy statistic to American consumers is the retail price of gasoline. While the average consumer probably has a general notion that gasoline prices are related to those for crude oil, he or she likely has little idea that gasoline, like most other goods, is priced at many different levels in the marketing chain, and that changes ripple through the system as prices rise and fall. When substantial price changes occur, especially upward, there are often allegations of impropriety, even price gouging, on the part of petroleum refiners and/or marketers. In order to understand the movement of gasoline prices over time, it is necessary to examine the relationship between prices at retail and various wholesale levels.

258

Gas Mileage of 1993 Vehicles by J.K. Motors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 J.K. Motors Vehicles 3 J.K. Motors Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1993 J.K. Motors 190E 2.3 MERC BENZ 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1993 J.K. Motors 190E 2.3 MERC BENZ 16 City 17 Combined 18 Highway 1993 J.K. Motors 230E MERC BENZ 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1993 J.K. Motors 230E MERC BENZ 16 City 17 Combined 18 Highway 1993 J.K. Motors 300SL 6 cyl, 3.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1993 J.K. Motors 300SL 14 City 15 Combined 16 Highway 1993 J.K. Motors BMW535I 6 cyl, 3.4 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1993 J.K. Motors BMW535I 12 City 14 Combined 18 Highway 1993 J.K. Motors BMW635CSI 6 cyl, 3.4 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1993 J.K. Motors BMW635CSI 12 City 14 Combined 18

259

Quantifying the benefits of hybrid vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gasoline or diesel with electric motors that use electricityadditional power from an electric motor. Future designs maypower plant and larger electric motor. Hybrid technology is

Turrentine, Tom; Delucchi, Mark; Heffner, Reid R.; Kurani, Kenneth S; Sun, Yongling

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Gasoline Ultra Fuel Efficient Vehicle  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Principal Investigator 13MY11 2011 DOE Vehicle Technologies Review Gasoline Ultra Fuel Efficient Vehicle ACE064 "This presentation does not contain any proprietary,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline diesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Rating the dieselness of vehicle noise using different psychoacoustic methods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Modern diesel engines meet the demand for high power-engines while strict emission regulations have to be fulfilled. Therefore diesel engines entered vehicle segments where the expectations on the sound quality are exceptionally high. Sound quality and fuel efficiency are often conflicting goals during the development of a diesel engine. The typical sound character of diesel engines the so called Dieselness is an indicator for the overall sound quality of the vehicle noise. Hence it is desirable to rate the Dieselness of engine sounds. Sounds emitted by gasoline- and diesel-powered vehicles in idle condition were rated in psychoacoustic experiments using different methods. First the method of line length was used as direct scaling procedure to get ratio ratings of the relative Dieselness of the vehicle noises. Second a direct ranking of the noises has been done with the Random Access method where subjects had to rank the sounds according to their Dieselness. Third in a paired-comparison test the participants had to judge which of two sounds had more Dieselness resulting in an indirect scaling. These methods are compared regarding the time the experiments took and the resulting ranking respectively scaling. In addition a semantic differential test with general adjective pairs was conducted.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

motor | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

0 0 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142279950 Varnish cache server motor Dataset Summary Description The data included in this submission is United States Department of Transportation (DOT) data up to 1995. The data includes motor-fuel gallonage taxes 1950-1995, motor-fuel use 1919-1995, private and commercial highway use of special fuels, by state 1949-1995, highway use of gasoline, by state 1949-1995, gasohol sales by state, 1980-1992, and estimated use of gasohol, 1993-1995. The data is presented in .xlsx format. Source DOT Date Released Unknown Date Updated Unknown Keywords DOT Fuel highway motor vehicle Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon Motor-fuel gallonage taxes 1950-1995 (xlsx, 37.3 KiB)

263

SAE 06B-233 Eliminating Design Alternatives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. There are three options for engine type: gasoline engine, diesel engine, or electric motor. If the designer

264

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS Request by Ford Motor Company Research and Advanced Engineering  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

No No . DE-FC26-07NT 43276; W(A)-08-002 , CH-1429 The Petitioner, Ford Motor Company Research and Advanced Engineering Laboratory (Ford), was awarded this cooperative agreement for the performance of work entitled "E85 Optim ized Engine Application ." The goal of the cooperative agreement is to develop practical technology which improves vehicle fuel efficiency using E85 and which is feasible for production implementation in the short term . Ford will : 1) utilize the favorable knock suppression properties of ethanol to build upon and enhance the recent techn ica l development of spark ignition turbocharged direct injection gasoline engines; and 2) increase the "fun-to-drive" attribute normally associated with diesel vehicles in Europe

265

California Gasoline Price Study  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

DIRECTOR, PETROLEUM DIVISION DIRECTOR, PETROLEUM DIVISION ENERGY INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY BEFORE THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND RESOURCES COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT REFORM U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES MAY 9, 2005 Mr. Chairman, I appreciate this opportunity to testify today on the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) insights into factors affecting recent gasoline prices. EIA is the statutorily chartered statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. We are charged with providing objective, timely, and relevant data, analysis, and projections for the use of the Department of Energy, other Government agencies, the U.S. Congress, and the public. We produce data and analysis reports that are meant to assist policy makers in determining energy policy. Because we have an element of

266

Quantifying the benefits of hybrid vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is not true—remember the diesel electric locomotive. One bigrunning on gasoline or diesel with electric motors that usediesel vehicles, as well as encouraging improvements in electric

Turrentine, Tom; Delucchi, Mark; Heffner, Reid R.; Kurani, Kenneth S; Sun, Yongling

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

East Coast (PADD 1) Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

482 3.472 3.480 3.511 3.538 3.512 1993-2014 482 3.472 3.480 3.511 3.538 3.512 1993-2014 All Grades - Conventional Areas 3.457 3.438 3.442 3.471 3.511 3.488 1994-2014 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 3.522 3.529 3.542 3.577 3.581 3.550 1994-2014 Regular 3.382 3.373 3.380 3.413 3.438 3.410 1992-2014 Conventional Areas 3.359 3.339 3.343 3.372 3.410 3.386 1992-2014 Reformulated Areas 3.419 3.428 3.440 3.480 3.484 3.450 1994-2014 Midgrade 3.566 3.554 3.565 3.590 3.622 3.598 1994-2014 Conventional Areas 3.525 3.507 3.515 3.539 3.582 3.559 1994-2014 Reformulated Areas 3.642 3.644 3.659 3.687 3.695 3.670 1994-2014 Premium 3.755 3.746 3.754 3.782 3.811 3.789 1994-2014 Conventional Areas 3.733 3.716 3.720 3.751 3.797 3.778 1994-2014 Reformulated Areas

268

West Coast less California Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

350 3.348 3.344 3.369 3.393 3.392 1998-2014 350 3.348 3.344 3.369 3.393 3.392 1998-2014 All Grades - Conventional Areas 3.395 3.386 3.384 3.401 3.423 3.420 2000-2014 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 3.138 3.162 3.155 3.214 3.252 3.258 1998-2014 Regular 3.298 3.295 3.292 3.317 3.341 3.338 1998-2014 Conventional Areas 3.343 3.335 3.333 3.351 3.371 3.367 2000-2014 Reformulated Areas 3.078 3.104 3.097 3.155 3.194 3.201 1998-2014 Midgrade 3.435 3.432 3.430 3.451 3.481 3.477 1998-2014 Conventional Areas 3.479 3.471 3.470 3.483 3.510 3.508 2000-2014 Reformulated Areas 3.238 3.257 3.249 3.309 3.348 3.336 1998-2014 Premium 3.589 3.582 3.578 3.602 3.627 3.632 1998-2014 Conventional Areas 3.633 3.619 3.617 3.632 3.655 3.659 2000-2014 Reformulated Areas

269

Lower Atlantic (PADD 1C) Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

267 3.312 3.445 3.432 3.407 3.379 1993-2013 267 3.312 3.445 3.432 3.407 3.379 1993-2013 All Grades - Conventional Areas 3.272 3.313 3.446 3.433 3.409 3.381 1994-2013 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 3.215 3.295 3.432 3.420 3.392 3.356 1994-2013 Regular 3.159 3.203 3.338 3.325 3.300 3.270 1993-2013 Conventional Areas 3.165 3.206 3.341 3.327 3.303 3.274 1993-2013 Reformulated Areas 3.093 3.176 3.311 3.301 3.270 3.235 1994-2013 Midgrade 3.365 3.408 3.535 3.524 3.499 3.474 1994-2013 Conventional Areas 3.366 3.407 3.533 3.521 3.496 3.473 1994-2013 Reformulated Areas 3.354 3.426 3.561 3.550 3.526 3.489 1994-2013 Premium 3.558 3.605 3.735 3.726 3.699 3.675 1994-2013 Conventional Areas 3.561 3.605 3.734 3.726 3.698 3.675 1994-2013 Reformulated Areas

270

Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

80 3.124 3.139 3.197 3.200 3.185 1993-2014 80 3.124 3.139 3.197 3.200 3.185 1993-2014 All Grades - Conventional Areas 3.176 3.127 3.126 3.186 3.190 3.181 1994-2014 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 3.196 3.115 3.183 3.232 3.233 3.198 1994-2014 Regular 3.104 3.047 3.061 3.117 3.123 3.108 1992-2014 Conventional Areas 3.102 3.053 3.051 3.109 3.115 3.106 1992-2014 Reformulated Areas 3.110 3.030 3.096 3.146 3.149 3.113 1994-2014 Midgrade 3.278 3.223 3.242 3.299 3.299 3.285 1994-2014 Conventional Areas 3.263 3.216 3.217 3.280 3.280 3.273 1994-2014 Reformulated Areas 3.326 3.246 3.323 3.362 3.359 3.326 1994-2014 Premium 3.455 3.401 3.417 3.479 3.476 3.462 1994-2014 Conventional Areas 3.445 3.399 3.399 3.464 3.462 3.454 1994-2014 Reformulated Areas 3.487 3.408 3.475 3.528 3.522 3.489 1994-2014

271

EIA - Gasoline and Diesel Fuel report: Household Vehicles Energy  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 1 Transportation logo printer-friendly version logo for Portable Document Format file Household Vehicles Energy Consumption 1991 December 1993 Release Next Update: August 1997. Based on the 1991 Residential Transportation Energy Consumption Survey conducted by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) - survey series has been discontinued after EIA's 1994 survey. Only light-duty vehicles and recreational vehicles are included in this report. EIA has excluded motorcycles, mopeds, large trucks, and buses. This report, Household Vehicles Energy Consumption 1991, is based on data from the 1991 Residential Transportation Energy Consumption Survey (RTECS). Focusing on vehicle miles traveled (VMT) and energy enduse consumption and expenditures by households for personal transportation, the 1991 RTECS is

272

New England (PADD 1A) Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

71 3.585 3.598 3.624 3.633 3.610 1993-2014 71 3.585 3.598 3.624 3.633 3.610 1993-2014 All Grades - Conventional Areas 3.578 3.578 3.588 3.629 3.626 3.613 1994-2014 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 3.570 3.586 3.601 3.622 3.634 3.609 1994-2014 Regular 3.494 3.508 3.520 3.548 3.556 3.530 1993-2014 Conventional Areas 3.501 3.501 3.511 3.555 3.552 3.535 1993-2014 Reformulated Areas 3.493 3.510 3.522 3.547 3.557 3.529 1994-2014 Midgrade 3.682 3.695 3.716 3.731 3.746 3.730 1994-2014 Conventional Areas 3.685 3.684 3.695 3.727 3.724 3.720 1994-2014 Reformulated Areas 3.681 3.697 3.721 3.733 3.751 3.733 1994-2014 Premium 3.829 3.840 3.858 3.875 3.889 3.872 1994-2014 Conventional Areas 3.846 3.849 3.857 3.892 3.891 3.884 1994-2014 Reformulated Areas 3.825 3.837 3.858 3.871 3.888 3.869 1994-2014

273

Volatility of Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Blends for Supercritical...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

having efficient fuel systems and combustion chamber designs that decrease fuel consumption and mitigate emissions. p-02anitescu.pdf More Documents & Publications...

274

Comparative Toxicity of Gasoline and Diesel Engine Emissions  

SciTech Connect

Better information on the comparative toxicity of airborne emissions from different types of engines is needed to guide the development of heavy vehicle engine, fuel, lubricant, and exhaust after-treatment technologies, and to place the health hazards of current heavy vehicle emissions in their proper perspective. To help fill this information gap, samples of vehicle exhaust particles and semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOC) were collected and analyzed. The biological activity of the combined particle-SVOC samples is being tested using standardized toxicity assays. This report provides an update on the design of experiments to test the relative toxicity of engine emissions from various sources.

JeanClare Seagrave; Joe L. Mauderly; Barbara Zielinska; John Sagebiel; Kevin Whitney; Doughlas R. Lawson; Michael Gurevich

2000-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

275

An Experimental Investigation of Low Octane Gasoline in Diesel Engines  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation given at the 16th Directions in Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (DEER) Conference in Detroit, MI, September 27-30, 2010.

276

Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

00 3.439 3.518 3.537 3.548 3.555 1993-2013 00 3.439 3.518 3.537 3.548 3.555 1993-2013 All Grades - Conventional Areas 3.456 3.492 3.551 3.571 3.589 3.592 1994-2013 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 3.365 3.406 3.498 3.516 3.523 3.533 1994-2013 Regular 3.295 3.341 3.423 3.441 3.447 3.457 1993-2013 Conventional Areas 3.371 3.411 3.471 3.496 3.509 3.514 1993-2013 Reformulated Areas 3.247 3.297 3.393 3.407 3.408 3.421 1994-2013 Midgrade 3.491 3.518 3.592 3.617 3.634 3.636 1994-2013 Conventional Areas 3.484 3.524 3.581 3.592 3.609 3.611 1994-2013 Reformulated Areas 3.496 3.514 3.598 3.632 3.649 3.651 1994-2013 Premium 3.663 3.684 3.760 3.779 3.800 3.805 1994-2013 Conventional Areas 3.700 3.721 3.781 3.791 3.820 3.818 1994-2013 Reformulated Areas 3.641 3.662 3.748 3.772 3.789 3.797 1994-2013

277

Mixed-Phase Oxide Catalyst Based on Mn-Mullite (Sm, Gd)Mn2O5 for NO Oxidation in Diesel Exhaust  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...efficiency than gasoline engines (1). However...devices to reduce the engine-generated nitrogen...NOx to N 2 under fuel-rich regeneration...NOx-based pollutants, diesel engines also generate black...indicating the consumption of surface...

Weichao Wang; Geoffrey McCool; Neeti Kapur; Guang Yuan; Bin Shan; Matt Nguyen; Uschi M. Graham; Burtron H. Davis; Gary Jacobs; Kyeongjae Cho; Xianghong (Kelly) Hao

2012-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

278

Gasoline Prices Also Influenced by Regional Gasoline Product Markets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 Notes: Next we examine the wholesale market's added contribution to gasoline price variation and analyze the factors that impact the gasoline balance. There are two points to take away from this chart: The U.S. market moves with the world market, as can be seen with the high inventories in 1998, being drawn down to low levels during 1999. Crude and product markets are not independent. Crude oil and product markets move together fairly closely, with some lead/lag effects during transitions. The relationship between international crude oil markets and domestic product markets raises another issue. A subtle, but very important point, lost in recent discussions of gasoline price increases: The statement has been made that crude markets are not a factor in this past spring's high gasoline prices, since crude prices were

279

IMPACT OF OXYGENATED FUEL ON DIESEL ENGINE PERFORMANCE AND EMISSIONS  

SciTech Connect

As evidenced by recent lawsuits brought against operators of large diesel truck fleets [1] and by the Consent Decree brought against the heavy-duty diesel manufacturers [2], the environmental and health effects of diesel engine emissions continue to be a significant concern. Reduction of diesel engine emissions has traditionally been achieved through a combination of fuel system, combustion chamber, and engine control modifications [3]. Catalytic aftertreatment has become common on modern diesel vehicles, with the predominant device being the diesel oxidation catalytic converter [3]. To enable advanced after-treatment devices and to directly reduce emissions, significant recent interest has focused on reformulation of diesel fuel, particularly the reduction of sulfur content. The EPA has man-dated that diesel fuel will have only 15 ppm sulfur content by 2007, with current diesel specifications requiring around 300 ppm [4]. Reduction of sulfur will permit sulfur-sensitive aftertreatment devices, continuously regenerating particulate traps, NOx control catalysts, and plasma assisted catalysts to be implemented on diesel vehicles [4]. Another method of reformulating diesel fuel to reduce emissions is to incorporate oxygen in the fuel, as was done in the reformulation of gasoline. The use of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) in reformulated gasoline has resulted in contamination of water resources across the country [5]. Nonetheless, by relying on the lessons learned from MTBE, oxygenation of diesel fuel may be accomplished without compromising water quality. Oxygenation of diesel fuel offers the possibility of reducing particulate matter emissions significantly, even for the current fleet of diesel vehicles. The mechanism by which oxygen content leads to particulate matter reductions is still under debate, but recent evidence shows clearly that ''smokeless'' engine operation is possible when the oxygen content of diesel fuel reaches roughly 38% by weight [6]. The potential improvements in energy efficiency within the transportation section, particularly in sport utility vehicles and light-duty trucks, that can be provided by deployment of diesel engines in passenger cars and trucks is a strong incentive to develop cleaner burning diesel engines and cleaner burning fuels for diesel engines. Thus, serious consideration of oxygenated diesel fuels is of significant practical interest and value to society. In the present work, a diesel fuel reformulating agent, CETANERTM, has been examined in a popular light-medium duty turbodiesel engine over a range of blending ratios. This additive is a mixture of glycol ethers and can be produced from dimethyl ether, which itself can be manufactured from synthesis gas using Air Products' Liquid Phase Dimethyl Ether (LPDME TM) technology. CETANERTM is a liquid, has an oxygen content of 36 wt.%, has a cetane number over 100 and is highly miscible in diesel fuel. This combination of physical and chemical properties makes CETANERTM an attractive agent for oxygenating diesel fuel. The present study considered CETANERTM ratios from 0 to 40 wt.% in a California Air Resources Board (CARB) specification diesel fuel. Particulate matter emissions, gaseous emissions and in-cylinder pressure traces were monitored over the AVL 8-Mode engine test protocol [7]. This paper presents the results from these measurements and discusses the implications of using high cetane number oxygenates in diesel fuel reformulation.

Boehman, Andre L.

2000-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

280

Reformulated diesel fuel  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Reformulated diesel fuels for automotive diesel engines which meet the requirements of ASTM 975-02 and provide significantly reduced emissions of nitrogen oxides (NO.sub.x) and particulate matter (PM) relative to commercially available diesel fuels.

McAdams, Hiramie T [Carrollton, IL; Crawford, Robert W [Tucson, AZ; Hadder, Gerald R [Oak Ridge, TN; McNutt, Barry D [Arlington, VA

2006-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline diesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Cleaning Up Diesel Engines  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Other Mobile Sources Off-Road Diesel Equipment Heavy-Duty Diesel Trucks Diesel Ships, Trains PM 2.5 Emissions Trend PM 2.5 Emissions Trend California Emissions From the 2005...

282

Gasoline Prices at Historical Lows  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 Notes: Before looking at El Paso gasoline prices, let’s take a minute to look at the U.S. average price for context. Gasoline prices this year, adjusted for inflation, are the lowest ever. Back in March, before prices began to rise ahead of the traditional high-demand season, the U.S. average retail price fell to $1.00 per gallon. Prices rose an average of 7.5 cents, less than the typical seasonal runup, to peak in early June. Since then, prices have fallen back to $1.013. Given recent declines in crude oil and wholesale gasoline prices, we expect retail prices to continue to ease over at least the next few weeks. Since their sharp runup during the energy crises of the 1970’s, gasoline prices have actually been non-inflationary. Adjusting the historical prices by the Consumer Price Index, we can see that today’s

283

Gasoline Price Pass-through  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

differences, whereas stationary series can be estimated in level form. The unit root test could not reject the hypothesis that the retail and spot gasoline price series have a...

284

Three-stage autoignition of gasoline in an HCCI engine: An experimental and chemical kinetic modeling investigation  

SciTech Connect

The alternative HCCI combustion mode presents a possible means for decreasing the pollution with respect to conventional gasoline or diesel engines, while maintaining the efficiency of a diesel engine or even increasing it. This paper investigates the possibility of using gasoline in an HCCI engine and analyzes the autoignition of gasoline in such an engine. The compression ratio that has been used is 13.5, keeping the inlet temperature at 70 C, varying the equivalence ratio from 0.3 to 0.54, and the EGR (represented by N{sub 2}) ratio from 0 to 37 vol%. For comparison, a PRF95 and a surrogate containing 11 vol% n-heptane, 59 vol% iso-octane, and 30 vol% toluene are used. A previously validated kinetic surrogate mechanism is used to analyze the experiments and to yield possible explanations to kinetic phenomena. From this work, it seems quite possible to use the high octane-rated gasoline for autoignition purposes, even under lean inlet conditions. Furthermore, it appeared that gasoline and its surrogate, unlike PRF95, show a three-stage autoignition. Since the PRF95 does not contain toluene, it is suggested by the kinetic mechanism that the benzyl radical, issued from toluene, causes this so-defined ''obstructed preignition'' and delaying thereby the final ignition for gasoline and its surrogate. The results of the kinetic mechanism supporting this explanation are shown in this paper. (author)

Machrafi, Hatim; Cavadias, Simeon [UPMC Universite Paris 06, LGPPTS, Ecole Nationale Superieure de Chimie de Paris (France); UPMC Universite Paris 06, Institut Jean Le Rond D'Alembert (France)

2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

285

Refiner Prices of Gasoline, All Grades - Sales to End Users  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Product/ Sales Type: Gasoline, All Grades - Sales to End Users (U.S. only) Gasoline, All Grades - Through Retail Outlets Gasoline, All Grades - Other End Users Gasoline, All Grades - Sales for Resale Gasoline, All Grades - DTW (U.S. only) Gasoline, All Grades - Rack (U.S. only) Gasoline, All Grades - Bulk (U.S. only) Regular Gasoline - Sales to End Users (U.S. only) Regular Gasoline - Through Retail Outlets Regular Gasoline - Other End Users Regular Gasoline - Sales for Resale Regular Gasoline - DTW (U.S. only) Regular Gasoline - Rack (U.S. only) Regular Gasoline - Bulk (U.S. only) Midgrade Gasoline - Sales to End Users (U.S. only) Midgrade Gasoline - Through Retail Outlets Midgrade Gasoline - Other End Users Midgrade Gasoline - Sales for Resale Midgrade Gasoline - DTW (U.S. only) Midgrade Gasoline - Rack (U.S. only) Midgrade Gasoline - Bulk (U.S. only) Premium - Sales to End Users (U.S. only) Premium Gasoline - Through Retail Outlets Premium Gasoline - Other End Users Premium Gasoline - Sales for Resale Premium Gasoline - DTW (U.S. only) Premium Gasoline - Rack (U.S. only) Premium Gasoline - Bulk (U.S. only) Period: Monthly Annual

286

Comparing air quality impacts of hydrogen and gasoline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from among existing gasoline station locations in Sacra-VOC emitted at gasoline service stations, because these arethe gasoline terminal storage and refueling stations, it is

Sperling, Dan; Wang, Guihua; Ogden, Joan M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Path to High Efficiency Gasoline Engine | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Path to High Efficiency Gasoline Engine Path to High Efficiency Gasoline Engine Path to High Efficiency Gasoline Engine deer10johansson.pdf More Documents & Publications Partially...

288

The Performance of Gasoline Fuels and Surrogates in Gasoline HCCI Combustion  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Almost 2 dozen gasoline fuels, blending components, and surrogates were evaluated in a single-cylinder HCCI gasoline engine for combustion, emissions, and efficiency performance.

289

Water Content in Biodiesel, Diesel, and Biodiesel–Diesel Blends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Water Content in Biodiesel, Diesel, and Biodiesel–Diesel Blends ... In what concerns road transportation, biodiesel is being considered a good alternative to conventional diesels. ...

Patricia Bogalhos Lucente Fregolente; Leonardo Vasconcelos Fregolente; Maria Regina Wolf Maciel

2012-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

290

Educating Consumers: New Content on Diesel Vehicles, Diesel Exhaust...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Educating Consumers: New Content on Diesel Vehicles, Diesel Exhaust Fluid, and Selective Catalytic Reduction Technologies on the AFDC Educating Consumers: New Content on Diesel...

291

Large Diesel Engine Lubrication  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Centralized lubrication for slow-speed internal combustion engines ; Marine diesel engine lubrication ...

Hans Gaca; Jan Ruiter; Götz Mehr; Theo Mang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Combustion and Emission Characteristics of a Direct-Injection Diesel Engine Fueled with Diesel?Diethyl Adipate Blends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The advantage of a diesel engine compared with a gasoline engine is the fuel economy benefits; however, the high NOx and smoke emissions still remain the main obstacles for the increasing application of diesel engines with the increasing concerns for environmental protection and implementation of more stringent exhaust gas regulations, thus further reduction in engine emissions becomes one of major tasks in engine development. ... In the application of pure oxygenated fuels, Fleisch et al.,1 Kapus et al.,2 and Sorenson et al.3 have studied dimethyl ether (DME) in the modified diesel engine, and their results showed that the engine could achieve ultralow emission prospects without fundamental change in combustion systems. ... Murayama, T.; Zheng, M.; Chikahisa, T. Simultaneous reduction of smoke and NOx from a DI diesel engine with EGR and dimethyl carbonate; SAE paper 952518, Society of Automotive Engineers:? Warrendale, PA, 1995. ...

Yi Ren; Zuohua Huang; Haiyan Miao; Deming Jiang; Ke Zeng; Bing Liu; Xibin Wang

2007-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

293

Renewable Diesel | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Renewable Diesel Renewable Diesel Presentation given at the 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency & Emissions Research Conference (DEER 2007). 13-16 August, 2007, Detroit, Michigan....

294

Gasoline Prices Vary Among Locations  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Notes: The public is probably more knowledgeable about what they pay for gasoline than about anything else they use regularly. Most Americans are bombarded several times a day with the price of gasoline. Many people who phone our office don't only want to know why prices have risen, but why their prices are different than prices in some other area - the gasoline station two blocks away, the average price quoted on the news, the price their uncle is paying in a different region of the country. This chart shows some of the different state averages for a specific month. Besides taxes, these differences are due to factors such as distance from refining sources, and mix of reformulated versus conventional fuels. What this snapshot does not show,is that all of these prices can

295

Comparing the Performance of SunDiesel and Conventional Diesel...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

the Performance of SunDiesel and Conventional Diesel in a Light-Duty Vehicle and Engines Comparing the Performance of SunDiesel and Conventional Diesel in a Light-Duty Vehicle and...

296

STEO January 2013 - average gasoline prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

gasoline prices are expected to decline over the next two years. The average pump price for regular unleaded gasoline was 3.63 a gallon during 2012. That is expected to fall...

297

Household gasoline demand in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Continuing rapid growth in U.S. gasoline consumption threatens to exacerbate environmental and congestion problems. We use flexible semiparametric and nonparametric methods to guide analysis of household gasoline consumption, ...

Schmalensee, Richard

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Rising household diesel consumption in the United States: A cause for concern? Evidence on asymmetric pricing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Papers in the literature have thus far overlooked the projected increase in U.S. diesel car share when looking at asymmetries in petroleum pricing. This paper addresses this issue by comparing retail gasoline and diesel prices in order to see whether they rise faster than they fall given the price of their upstream input, crude oil. This phenomenon has been termed in the literature as “Rockets and Feathers.” We apply the threshold vector error correction model (TVECM) of Hansen and Seo (2002) which has not yet been applied in the literature. We account for the 2008 structural break to crude oil and petroleum prices by splitting the sample using evidence from the recent structural break unit root test of Kim and Perron (2009). Both markets seem to price symmetrically before the 2008 break, but we find evidence of asymmetric pricing after 2008 in diesel prices, and not in gasoline prices. Given that the diesel market is small relative to the gasoline market and therefore more open to price exploitation, the ongoing cost increases associated with the policy of switching to Ultra Low Sulphur diesel (ULSD) from 2006 to 2010 could be at the heart of this asymmetry. With this in mind, the U.S. Federal Trade Commission should monitor diesel prices as the market share grows, in order to ensure that consumers are not adversely affected.

Jack Fosten

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Advanced Gasoline...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Advanced Gasoline Turbocharged Direct Injection (GTDI) Engine Development Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Advanced Gasoline Turbocharged Direct Injection (GTDI)...

300

What Drives U.S. Gasoline Prices?  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

weekly gasoline spot price 2011-14 ... 15 Table 3. Dickey-Fuller test and autocorrelogram results ......

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline diesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Recent Developments in BMW's Diesel Technology  

SciTech Connect

The image of BMW is very strongly associated to high power, sports biased, luxury cars in the premium car segment, however, particularly in the United States and some parts of Asia, the combination of a car in this segment with a diesel engine was up until now almost unthinkable. I feel sure that many people in the USA are not even aware that BMW produces diesel-powered cars. In Europe there is a completely contrary situation which, driven by the relative high fuel price, and the noticeable difference between gasoline and diesel prices, there has been a continuous growth in the diesel market since the early eighties. During this time BMW has accumulated more then 20 years experience in developing and producing powerful diesel engines for sports and luxury cars. BMW started the production of its 1st generation diesel engine in 1983 with a 2,4 l, turbocharged IDI engine in the 5 series model range. With a specific power of 35 kW/l, this was the most powerful diesel engine on the market at this time. In 1991 BMW introduced the 2nd generation diesel engine, beginning with a 2,5 l inline six, followed in 1994 by a 1,7 l inline four. All engines of this 2nd BMW diesel engine family were turbocharged and utilized an indirect injection combustion system. With the availability of high-pressure injection systems such as the common rail system, BMW developed its 3rd diesel engine family which consists of four different engines. The first was the 4-cylinder for the 3 series car in the spring of 1998, followed by the 6-cylinder in the fall of 1998 and then in mid 1999 by the worlds first V8 passenger car diesel with direct injection. Beginning in the fall of 2001 with the 4-cylinder, BMW reworked this DI engine family fundamentally. Key elements are an improved core engine design, the use of the common rail system of the 2nd generation and a new engine control unit with even better performance. Step by step, these technological improvements were introduce d to production for all members of this engine family and in all the different vehicle applications. In the next slide you can see the production volume of diesel engines by BMW. From the 1st family we produced {approx} 260,000 units over eight years and from the 2nd family {approx} 630,000 units were produced also during an eight year period. How successful the actual engine family with direct injection is can be seen in the increase of the production volume to 330,000 units for the year 2002 alone. The reason for this is that, in addition to the very low fuel consumption, this new engines provide excellent driving characteristics and a significant improvement in the level of noise and vibration. Page 2 of 5 In 2002, 26% of all BMW cars worldwide, and nearly 40% in Europe, were produced with a diesel engine under the hood. In the X5 we can see the biggest diesel success rate. Of all the X5 vehicles produced, 35% Worldwide and 68% in Europe are powered by a diesel engine.

Steinparzer, F

2003-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

302

The chemical origin of octane sensitivity in gasoline fuels containing nitroalkanes  

SciTech Connect

Experimental octane measurements are presented for a standard gasoline to which has been added various quantities of nitromethane, nitroethane and 1-nitropropane. The addition of nitroalkanes was found to suppress the Motor Octane Number to a much greater extent than the Research Octane Number. In other words addition of nitroalkanes increases the octane sensitivity of gasoline. Density Functional Theory was used to model the equilibrium thermodynamics and the barrier heights for reactions leading to the break-up of nitroethane. These results were used to develop a chemical kinetic scheme for nitroalkanes combined with a surrogate gasoline (for which a mechanism has been developed previously). Finally the chemical kinetic simulations were combined with a quasi-dimensional engine model in order to predict autoignition in octane rating tests. Our results suggest that the chemical origin of octane sensitivity in gasoline/nitroalkane blends cannot be fully explained on the conventional basis of the extent to which NTC behaviour is absent. Instead we have shown that the contribution of the two pathways leading to autoignition in gasoline containing nitroalkanes becomes much more significant under the more severe conditions of the Motor Octane method than the Research Octane method. (author)

Cracknell, R.F.; McAllister, L.J.; Norton, M.; Walmsley, H.L. [Shell Global Solutions, Shell Technology Centre Thornton, P.O. Box 1, Chester CH1 3SH (United Kingdom); Andrae, J.C.G. [Shell Global Solutions, Shell Technology Centre Thornton, P.O. Box 1, Chester CH1 3SH (United Kingdom); Dept. of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), SE-100 44 Stockholm (Sweden)

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

303

Diesel particulate filters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Is the broad market introduction of diesel particulate filters throughout Europe wishful thinking or reality? The challenges facing the introduction of diesel particulate filters with a fuel-borne catalyst...

Pierre Macaudière; Laurent Rocher; Wolfgang Naschke

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Diesel prices flat  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices flat The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel saw no movement from last week. Prices remained flat at 3.89 a gallon on Monday, based on the weekly...

305

Diesel prices decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 4.05 a gallon on Monday. That's down 4.1 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price...

306

Diesel prices increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.90 a gallon on Monday. That's up 3 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price...

307

Diesel prices decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.88 a gallon on Monday. That's down a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price...

308

Diesel prices decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.82 a gallon on Monday. That's down 2.1 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price...

309

Diesel prices decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.87 a gallon on Monday. That's down 1.6 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price...

310

Diesel prices decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.85 a gallon on Monday. That's down 2 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price...

311

Methodology for Formulating Diesel Surrogate Fuels with Accurate Compositional, Ignition-Quality, and Volatility Characteristics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

? Marathon Petroleum Company, Main Street, Findlay, Ohio, 45840 ... We have applied this method on product streams such as finished fuels (gasoline, diesel fuels, aviation fuels, rocket propellants), crude oils (including a crude oil made from swine manure) and waste oil streams (used automotive and transformer oils). ...

Charles J. Mueller; William J. Cannella; Thomas J. Bruno; Bruce Bunting; Heather D. Dettman; James A. Franz; Marcia L. Huber; Mani Natarajan; William J. Pitz; Matthew A. Ratcliff; Ken Wright

2012-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

312

Study of the control strategies on soot reduction under early-injection conditions on a diesel engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract To explore the more effective method to fulfill soot reduction challenges of early-injection conditions, different engine operating parameters such as intake pressure, exhaust gas recirculation (EGR), equivalence ratio, intake temperature, coolant temperature, injection pressure and fuel properties such as using the blends of diesel/gasoline, diesel/n-butanol and dual-fuel were investigated on a diesel engine. A wide range of injection timing from 5° CA to ?70° CA ATDC were tested, which covered both conventional diesel injection and early-injection conditions. Results showed that the soot emission increased as the injection timing was advanced from ?35° CA to ?55° CA ATDC, which was attributed to that more spray liquid was out of the piston bowl and impinged on the piston top and cylinder liner. The soot emission decreased as the injection timing further advanced from ?55° to ?70° CA ATDC, which was attributed to the suppressed soot formation. Although more advanced injection (?55° to ?70° CA ATDC) decreased soot emissions, the combustion efficiency was deteriorated. EGR combined with higher intake pressure resulted in lower soot emissions than that of sole EGR control under the same equivalence ratio. Increasing intake temperature and coolant temperature reduced soot emissions at the injection timing later than ?55° CA ATDC but barely affected the soot peak-value. Increasing injection pressure had little impact on soot emissions at early-injection conditions. Regarding to fuel properties, employing the diesel/gasoline and diesel/n-butanol blends dramatically reduced soot emissions and the smokeless combustion was achieved by using pure gasoline or n-heptane. Soot peak-value of diesel/gasoline combustion was higher than that of diesel/n-butanol at low diesel replacement ratio (30%), while for high replacement ratio (70%) the opposite trend was presented. The dual-fuel injection composed by port-injection of gasoline and direct-injection of diesel was more effective in reducing soot emissions than that of single direct-injection under the same gasoline/diesel ratio.

Haifeng Liu; Shuaiying Ma; Zhong Zhang; Zunqing Zheng; Mingfa Yao

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Chemical Kinetic Models for HCCI and Diesel Combustion  

SciTech Connect

Hydrocarbon fuels for advanced combustion engines consist of complex mixtures of hundreds or even thousands of different components. These components can be grouped into a number of chemically distinct classes, consisting of n-paraffins, branched paraffins, cyclic paraffins, olefins, oxygenates, and aromatics. Biodiesel contains its own unique chemical class called methyl esters. The fractional amounts of these chemical classes are quite different in gasoline, diesel fuel, oil-sand derived fuels and bio-derived fuels, which contributes to the very different combustion characteristics of each of these types of combustion systems. The objectives of this project are: (1) Develop detailed chemical kinetic models for fuel components used in surrogate fuels for diesel and HCCI engines; (2) Develop surrogate fuel models to represent real fuels and model low temperature combustion strategies in HCCI and diesel engines that lead to low emissions and high efficiency; and (3) Characterize the role of fuel composition on low temperature combustion modes of advanced combustion engines.

Pitz, W J; Westbook, C K; Mehl, M

2008-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

314

Motors Motor controllers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aluminium frame Motors Motor controllers Ultrasonic multi-channel acquisition PC Tank Tank 400 600 800 1000 0 50 2 4 6 8 x 10 -3 r/r 0 Range (mm) Depth(mm) 25 /t Tand / or #12;Shallow water

315

Urea SCR and DPF System for Diesel Sport Utility Vehicle Meeting...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

August 2003 Urea SCR and DPF System for Diesel Sport Utility Vehicle Meeting Tier II Bin 5 DOE and Ford Motor Company Advanced CIDI Emission Control System Development Program...

316

Designing Alternatives to State Motor Fuel Taxes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Designing Alternatives to State Motor Fuel Taxes All states rely on gasoline taxes as one source efficiency and alternative fuel vehicles reduce both the equity of the revenue source and its growth over, leading to higher fuel efficiency, wide variations in fuel efficiency, and alternative- fuel vehicles

Bertini, Robert L.

317

Investigation of Cluster-Nozzle Concepts for Direct Injection Diesel Engines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Investigation of Cluster-Nozzle Concepts for Direct Injection Diesel Engines Von der Fakultät für Investigation of Cluster-Nozzle Concepts for Direct Injection Diesel Engines WICHTIG: D 82 überprüfen !!! #12" in Zusammenarbeit mit General Motors R&D and Strategic Planning, Warren, MI, USA durchgeführt. Ein Teil der Arbeit

Peters, Norbert

318

Saving diesel fuel in the oil field  

SciTech Connect

Describes how diesel electric SCR (silicon controlled rectifier) drilling rigs are helping drillers save fuel expense in the oil fields, along with other energy conservation methods. Compares SCR to conventional drilling rigs. Points out that on conventional rigs, diesel engines drive rig components directly, while on the SCR electric rigs, diesel engines turn a.c. electric generators which supply energy to d.c. electric motors for rig component power. Components of the SCR rigs include drawworks, mud pumps, rotary table, compressors, shakers, blenders and the camp load. Recommends economic principles such as supplying generators large enough to handle the low p.f. (power factor) as well as peak power requirements; and keeping the work load on diesel engines as high as possible for fuel economy. Presents tables of fuel consumed per 100 kW at various load factors; effect of power factor on engine hp required; electric drilling rig power modules; and engine and generator selection guide. Emphasizes consideration of the competitive difference in diesel engine economy.

Elder, B.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Gasoline Gallon Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition

320

Areas Participating in the Reformulated Gasoline Program  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reformulated Gasoline Program Reformulated Gasoline Program Contents * Introduction * Mandated RFG Program Areas o Table 1. Mandated RFG Program Areas * RFG Program Opt-In Areas o Table 2. RFG Program Opt-In Areas * RFG Program Opt-Out Procedures and Areas o Table 3. History of EPA Rulemaking on Opt-Out Procedures o Table 4. RFG Program Opt-Out Areas * State Programs o Table 5. State Reformulated Gasoline Programs * Endnotes Spreadsheets Referenced in this Article * Reformulated Gasoline Control Area Populations Related EIA Short-Term Forecast Analysis Products * Demand and Price Outlook for Phase 2 Reformulated Gasoline, 2000 * Environmental Regulations and Changes in Petroleum Refining Operations * Areas Participating in Oxygenated Gasoline Program

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline diesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

84.5 84.5 84.3 77.3 74.4 72.2 75.5 93.4 93.0 82.9 78.3 W 81.7 February ............................. 84.3 84.0 77.5 71.6 71.6 74.6 93.3 92.9 83.1 75.4 81.2 81.0 March .................................. 82.7 82.5 77.8 70.5 71.8 74.1 91.7 91.3 83.3 74.2 W 80.7 April .................................... 82.8 82.6 79.3 68.6 68.2 73.7 91.9 91.5 84.4 72.5 W 80.9 May ..................................... 82.3 81.6 77.5 68.2 63.8 71.9 91.5 90.8 83.2 72.3 W 79.9 June .................................... 80.3 79.4 75.0 63.9 58.9 68.5 89.9 89.0 80.9 68.7 W 77.2 July ..................................... 78.8 78.0 73.0 64.8 59.0 67.9 88.3 87.5 79.0 69.2 W 75.8 August ................................ 85.0 84.5 80.6 74.0 70.7 76.5 94.5 93.9 86.5 78.3 W 83.9 September .......................... 88.1 87.2 83.6 71.9 71.2 77.2 97.6 96.7 89.4 75.8 W

322

Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

73.0 73.0 72.5 68.2 57.5 55.3 62.2 82.0 81.4 74.0 61.5 W 70.2 February ............................. 67.2 66.8 62.0 54.9 53.1 57.9 76.8 76.4 67.7 58.9 W 65.0 March .................................. 62.7 62.4 57.3 52.2 49.7 54.3 72.2 71.9 63.2 56.0 W 61.0 April .................................... 65.2 65.0 59.8 55.6 53.9 57.3 74.1 73.9 65.6 59.7 W 63.8 May ..................................... 69.7 69.3 65.1 58.0 53.8 60.7 78.8 78.4 70.9 62.1 W 68.2 June .................................... 68.6 68.0 63.7 54.5 48.4 57.8 77.8 77.3 69.8 58.9 W 66.3 July ..................................... 66.9 66.4 61.6 51.8 47.6 55.5 76.6 76.1 68.0 56.2 W 64.1 August ................................ 65.0 64.4 59.4 48.1 45.2 52.8 75.1 74.5 65.7 52.4 W 61.4 September .......................... 63.4 63.0 58.4 49.1 46.1 52.8 73.4 73.0 64.6 53.1 W

323

Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

91.0 91.0 91.0 80.1 77.2 - 78.5 100.2 100.0 84.9 80.2 - 82.6 February ............................. 93.1 92.9 83.8 77.7 - 80.4 101.1 100.8 88.1 80.2 - 84.1 March .................................. 91.7 91.5 85.2 75.1 - 79.8 96.8 96.8 90.1 NA - 84.4 April .................................... 88.3 88.1 79.3 69.6 - NA 94.0 93.9 83.7 70.7 - NA May ..................................... 89.4 89.3 81.7 75.8 - 78.1 95.8 95.7 88.0 76.9 - 81.6 June .................................... 88.5 88.4 79.4 71.7 - 74.6 95.5 95.5 84.5 72.9 - 77.2 July ..................................... 86.2 86.1 75.4 71.2 - 72.8 93.0 93.0 81.2 72.8 - 75.9 August ................................ 89.3 89.2 79.6 77.7 - 78.4 96.6 96.5 85.0 79.2 - 81.3 September .......................... 91.3 91.0 84.4 74.8 - 78.3 97.9 97.7 88.2 77.7 - 81.5 October

324

Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

59.5 59.5 58.9 54.4 42.1 37.1 46.8 70.2 69.7 61.7 46.4 - 56.9 February ............................. 57.3 56.7 52.7 40.6 39.2 45.9 68.2 67.7 60.2 44.8 W 55.3 March .................................. 64.5 64.4 60.1 52.3 48.6 55.3 74.2 73.8 67.6 55.6 W 63.8 April .................................... 82.3 81.6 79.9 62.3 57.2 69.6 92.4 91.6 84.9 65.4 W 78.7 May ..................................... 79.8 78.9 76.3 59.2 54.0 66.0 90.6 89.9 82.9 63.9 W 76.6 June .................................... 74.7 74.6 71.0 61.1 58.0 64.9 85.2 84.8 77.6 64.9 W 73.4 July ..................................... 79.4 79.3 75.9 69.7 66.3 71.9 89.3 88.9 81.9 72.6 NA 78.7 August ................................ 86.5 86.0 82.9 73.3 73.5 77.7 96.4 95.7 88.9 76.6 W 84.8 September .......................... 86.9 86.3 82.0 73.5 70.5 76.9 96.3 95.6 88.7 77.5 W

325

Motor Gasoline Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Sales Volumes  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

28,179.6 24,384.0 24,143.9 23,567.1 24,120.5 23,282.9 1983-2013 28,179.6 24,384.0 24,143.9 23,567.1 24,120.5 23,282.9 1983-2013 East Coast (PADD 1) 7,388.3 7,633.2 7,424.0 7,266.3 7,278.4 6,996.8 1993-2013 New England (PADD 1A) W W W W W W 1993-2013 Connecticut W W W W W W 1993-2013 Maine - - - - - - 1993-2013 Massachusetts W W W W W W 1993-2013 New Hampshire W W W W W W 1993-2013 Rhode Island W W W W W W 1993-2013 Vermont - - - - - - 1993-2013 Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) 4,037.6 4,235.4 4,284.8 4,251.9 4,152.3 3,982.5 1993-2013 Delaware W W W W W W 1993-2013 District of Columbia W W W - W W 1993-2013 Maryland W W W W W W 1993-2013 New Jersey W W W W W W 1993-2013 New York 2,402.7 2,514.6 2,563.6 2,537.4 2,464.5 2,368.9 1993-2013 Pennsylvania W W 762.9 773.0 767.2 732.1 1993-2013

326

Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

83.6 83.6 83.3 77.1 71.3 66.2 71.8 91.6 91.1 82.2 75.5 - 78.4 February ............................. 82.1 81.8 74.8 68.6 64.3 69.3 90.3 89.8 80.0 72.5 - 75.7 March .................................. 79.9 79.7 72.6 66.3 62.6 67.2 88.1 87.8 78.3 70.3 W 73.5 April .................................... 79.0 78.8 72.4 65.2 60.7 66.3 87.3 87.0 77.8 69.3 - 72.7 May ..................................... 79.6 79.5 73.0 67.5 61.8 67.9 87.5 87.2 78.4 70.7 - 73.8 June .................................... 78.9 78.7 70.9 63.9 59.0 65.0 86.8 86.5 76.6 67.2 - 71.0 July ..................................... 77.3 77.2 69.7 63.8 57.6 64.3 85.4 85.1 75.7 67.3 - 70.6 August ................................ 82.1 81.9 75.4 71.0 63.7 70.9 89.9 89.6 81.0 74.8 - 77.3 September .......................... 80.9 80.7 73.3 66.3 60.8 67.1 89.1 88.6 79.2 69.9 -

327

Finished Motor Gasoline Refinery, Bulk Terminal, and Natural Gas Plant  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History U.S. 71,470 61,525 55,254 40,534 39,717 37,768 1993-2012 PAD District 1 19,732 16,074 10,858 3,913 3,741 3,513 1993-2012 Connecticut 1993-2004 Delaware 292 105 498 1993-2009 Florida 4,484 1,877 914 586 734 747 1993-2012 Georgia 2,141 1,724 800 374 251 220 1993-2012 Maine 889 374 130 152 1993-2012 Maryland 67 31 1993-2008 Massachusetts 2 4 3 1993-2012 New Hampshire 1993-2005 New Jersey 1,982 2,956 2,026 667 275 795 1993-2012 New York 1,768 1,469 273 194 628 483 1993-2012 North Carolina 1,977 1,724 1,470 591 389 317 1993-2012 Pennsylvania 3,731 3,595 3,421 697 782 188 1993-2012 Rhode Island 1993-2005 South Carolina 839 720 787 444 276 288 1993-2012

328

Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 68.7 60.7 56.0 64.5 85.1 84.6 73.7 64.3 - 70.0 February ............................. 76.3 76.1 67.3 62.9 55.2 65.1 84.6 83.9 70.0 65.5 - 68.2 March .................................. 78.1 77.9 72.0 65.0 W 68.5 84.1 83.8 75.1 66.1 - 70.1 April .................................... 82.6 82.5 76.1 67.9 - 71.4 89.7 89.6 80.0 69.7 - 73.8 May ..................................... 87.9 87.9 79.9 71.8 - 75.1 94.3 94.2 84.6 73.5 - 77.7 June .................................... 90.2 90.2 80.0 66.5 - 72.0 96.4 96.3 84.0 68.7 - 75.0 July ..................................... 86.3 86.4 77.3 62.6 - 68.5 92.5 92.5 78.3 63.9 - 69.6 August ................................ 82.8 82.8 76.3 63.7 - 68.7 87.9 87.8 77.6 65.3 - 69.8 September .......................... 82.4 81.9 73.9 66.4 NA 69.4 NA NA 75.7 68.9 - 72.4 October ...............................

329

Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 69.7 61.6 W 65.5 84.2 83.9 75.4 65.0 - 71.8 February ............................. 78.1 77.6 71.3 64.5 - 68.0 85.6 85.1 77.4 67.6 - 73.8 March .................................. 83.3 83.0 79.0 72.2 W 75.7 89.7 89.4 85.1 74.4 - 81.1 April .................................... 92.1 91.9 86.0 76.1 - 79.5 100.6 100.1 93.3 77.6 - 84.9 May ..................................... 96.8 96.4 92.4 76.5 - 81.5 105.4 104.6 99.0 77.5 - 86.2 June .................................... 95.6 95.3 NA 76.7 - 81.6 103.7 103.2 98.0 77.5 - 85.8 July ..................................... 93.8 93.5 NA 75.3 - 80.2 101.5 101.1 96.1 76.2 - 84.7 August ................................ 95.2 95.0 NA 78.5 - 82.7 102.2 102.0 NA 80.0 - 86.7 September .......................... 97.1 96.7 88.1 79.7 - 82.9 104.7 104.4 93.7 82.0 - 87.4 October

330

Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

51.0 51.0 50.8 45.0 38.1 33.0 39.1 59.9 59.7 51.9 42.3 - 46.1 February ............................. 49.4 49.3 43.4 36.3 32.8 37.6 58.6 58.4 50.4 40.4 - 44.3 March .................................. 57.2 57.1 52.4 46.9 39.7 47.1 65.7 65.5 58.6 50.5 - 53.7 April .................................... 68.1 68.0 64.2 56.7 47.2 56.2 76.5 76.2 69.8 60.5 - 63.9 May ..................................... 68.9 68.8 63.6 56.3 48.2 56.1 77.4 77.0 69.4 60.0 - 63.4 June .................................... 68.2 68.2 63.7 56.3 48.6 56.7 76.5 76.3 69.1 59.8 - 63.2 July ..................................... 73.6 73.6 69.8 63.6 55.3 63.8 81.8 81.6 75.0 67.2 - 70.0 August ................................ 78.7 78.7 74.6 68.4 62.5 69.0 87.5 87.2 79.9 72.0 - 74.9 September .......................... 82.1 81.9 77.5 71.5 64.7 71.9 90.9 90.5 83.1 75.3 -

331

Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9.0 9.0 68.8 61.7 55.1 51.1 56.0 77.1 76.6 66.9 59.4 - 62.6 February ............................. 69.6 69.4 63.4 56.3 52.0 57.4 77.6 77.2 68.9 60.4 - 64.3 March .................................. 75.3 75.1 69.2 63.6 57.7 64.3 83.2 82.8 74.6 67.5 W 70.8 April .................................... 83.2 83.0 77.3 71.5 64.3 71.6 91.1 90.7 82.5 75.8 - 78.9 May ..................................... 86.2 85.9 79.2 71.7 65.6 72.6 94.1 93.6 84.2 75.8 - 79.5 June .................................... 83.7 83.4 75.2 66.6 59.9 67.4 91.6 90.9 80.2 69.5 - 74.2 July ..................................... 81.8 81.5 74.0 66.6 60.0 67.3 89.6 89.1 79.2 70.2 - 74.2 August ................................ 80.3 80.2 73.1 66.2 60.0 66.9 88.0 87.6 78.4 69.8 W 73.5 September .......................... 80.6 80.5 73.7 67.2 60.4 67.8 88.3 87.9 78.8 70.9 -

332

Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

66.1 66.1 65.8 58.4 51.1 49.2 52.4 74.6 74.2 64.6 55.6 - 59.1 February ............................. 63.3 63.2 56.3 50.1 47.4 51.0 72.0 71.6 62.1 54.1 - 57.3 March .................................. 61.3 61.2 54.2 47.9 45.4 48.9 69.9 69.5 60.0 51.9 - 55.0 April .................................... 62.6 62.5 56.3 51.1 47.1 51.5 71.0 70.7 61.8 55.1 - 57.7 May ..................................... 65.3 65.2 58.8 53.8 48.4 53.9 73.5 73.1 64.3 57.6 - 60.3 June .................................... 64.6 64.4 57.4 51.2 46.2 51.7 73.2 72.6 63.2 54.9 W 58.2 July ..................................... 63.4 63.2 56.0 49.8 45.1 50.5 72.2 71.7 62.2 53.4 - 56.9 August ................................ 60.5 60.3 52.9 45.0 41.0 46.3 69.6 69.2 59.2 48.8 - 53.0 September .......................... 59.2 59.1 52.8 45.8 40.8 46.7 68.2 67.9 58.8 49.7 -

333

Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2.2 2.2 71.6 66.6 60.0 56.1 63.1 81.2 80.6 71.7 64.6 - 69.7 February ............................. 72.7 72.2 67.3 60.3 56.4 63.3 81.5 80.9 72.7 64.8 - 70.4 March .................................. 77.0 76.6 71.7 66.0 64.7 68.7 85.9 85.3 77.7 70.0 - 75.5 April .................................... 87.8 87.6 82.8 76.2 76.2 79.5 96.1 95.6 88.4 80.5 - 86.2 May ..................................... 94.1 93.7 89.0 76.6 74.5 82.0 103.1 102.3 93.9 80.5 - 90.1 June .................................... 91.6 91.0 86.1 70.6 67.0 77.6 100.7 99.7 91.6 74.8 - 86.7 July ..................................... 87.8 87.6 83.0 70.8 68.0 76.3 96.9 96.3 88.3 74.9 - 84.3 August ................................ 84.0 83.8 78.3 68.9 65.0 72.8 93.1 92.5 83.5 73.3 W 80.6 September .......................... 82.1 82.0 76.0 69.6 66.1 72.2 91.0 90.6 81.2 73.7 W

334

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8,502.8 8,502.8 30,091.1 22,860.9 121,863.2 24,529.2 169,253.3 7,955.3 8,081.1 12,658.5 10,618.5 1,152.7 24,429.7 February ............................. 33,160.7 35,054.9 31,625.2 135,105.9 26,023.8 192,754.9 5,205.4 5,273.9 5,951.6 5,714.2 333.0 11,998.8 March .................................. 37,159.8 39,011.8 35,012.6 142,409.7 27,404.1 204,826.5 2,090.0 2,127.2 2,619.4 2,344.1 - 4,963.5 April .................................... 38,869.0 40,735.1 36,827.8 142,606.1 26,540.1 205,973.9 568.3 580.0 980.8 1,461.1 - 2,442.0 May ..................................... 39,582.4 41,396.9 37,319.3 150,843.9 27,558.2 215,721.4 573.6 584.7 957.5 1,537.7 - 2,495.2 June .................................... 40,991.9 42,912.3 37,954.3 156,346.5 32,447.1 226,747.9 591.6 592.0 990.8 1,609.0 -

335

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

220.9 220.9 31,104.3 23,193.9 128,995.0 28,849.6 181,038.6 5,089.3 5,164.2 4,062.8 5,720.8 - 9,783.6 February ............................. 31,284.4 33,213.6 24,062.8 134,673.5 33,175.3 191,911.6 4,908.5 4,980.9 4,025.8 5,317.8 - 9,343.6 March .................................. 34,100.8 36,002.0 25,985.0 139,340.5 30,160.8 195,486.2 2,710.3 2,764.7 2,622.6 2,796.9 - 5,419.5 April .................................... 35,684.3 37,877.0 27,895.8 146,733.8 29,409.3 204,038.9 1,203.7 1,224.2 652.4 2,016.6 - 2,669.0 May ..................................... 35,150.2 36,866.7 27,401.6 148,271.7 28,449.3 204,122.6 1,711.4 1,730.6 1,284.0 2,091.9 - 3,375.9 June .................................... 36,536.0 38,235.2 27,402.2 151,739.3 24,832.7 203,974.3 1,956.2 1,978.1

336

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4,707.0 4,707.0 35,821.0 18,450.2 130,177.8 22,726.5 171,354.5 3,900.7 3,926.0 4,696.8 7,088.7 - 11,785.5 February ............................. 36,412.6 37,699.7 20,174.0 142,313.8 25,388.9 187,876.8 3,924.9 3,949.8 5,137.3 6,882.9 - 12,020.2 March .................................. 36,632.6 38,121.0 21,255.9 152,151.5 30,915.0 204,322.3 3,382.2 3,401.8 4,711.1 5,122.9 - 9,833.9 April .................................... 37,971.4 39,384.5 23,410.4 155,157.1 40,216.9 218,784.4 1,927.8 1,934.5 1,997.5 3,438.3 - 5,435.9 May ..................................... 37,771.0 39,109.5 22,504.7 154,536.5 34,938.2 211,979.5 1,944.7 1,953.1 1,570.1 3,450.5 - 5,020.5 June .................................... 37,777.7 38,969.0 22,350.8 163,781.5 29,805.1 215,937.4 2,027.1

337

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

161.3 161.3 30,767.0 22,353.2 127,342.1 24,284.9 173,980.2 8,319.4 8,460.9 13,456.3 W W 24,653.0 February ............................. 32,286.1 34,080.3 31,066.3 138,106.2 29,977.1 199,149.6 6,264.3 6,341.7 6,239.1 5,890.3 - 12,129.4 March .................................. 36,529.7 38,362.8 35,134.3 141,063.5 25,588.4 201,786.1 2,972.7 3,032.6 2,589.4 W W 4,958.5 April .................................... 36,904.9 38,994.6 31,715.8 147,020.0 33,979.9 212,715.8 1,558.8 1,592.8 1,049.5 1,668.8 - 2,718.3 May ..................................... 36,751.1 38,541.5 28,743.2 148,337.4 29,640.9 206,721.5 1,299.8 1,333.0 1,005.5 1,838.7 - 2,844.3 June .................................... 37,465.1 39,108.4 28,592.7 147,682.3 36,046.6 212,321.6

338

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3,177.2 3,177.2 34,690.6 19,370.8 133,144.1 32,691.0 185,205.9 4,123.8 4,154.0 3,780.0 6,946.2 - 10,726.2 February ............................. 34,982.2 36,460.3 20,433.1 137,937.1 31,470.5 189,840.6 3,923.6 3,954.4 3,674.9 6,513.4 - 10,188.4 March .................................. 37,598.4 39,137.5 21,474.3 144,372.0 29,697.5 195,543.8 2,947.2 2,972.1 3,243.6 4,126.4 - 7,370.0 April .................................... 34,901.4 36,438.7 22,519.1 148,658.4 39,120.8 210,298.2 2,159.0 2,174.7 1,880.2 3,562.0 - 5,442.2 May ..................................... 35,698.2 37,200.2 22,890.9 150,690.5 35,704.2 209,285.5 2,007.8 2,022.5 1,824.9 3,446.9 - 5,271.8 June .................................... 36,351.1 37,897.0 23,252.4 157,837.8 38,644.7 219,734.8 2,006.0

339

Finished Motor Gasoline Refinery, Bulk Terminal, and Natural Gas Plant  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History U.S. 31,576 31,334 35,019 34,533 32,174 27,872 1993-2013 PAD District 1 2,286 2,947 3,296 3,722 3,755 2,837 1993-2013 Connecticut 1993-2005 Delaware 1993-2010 Florida 635 638 666 711 724 563 1993-2013 Georgia 179 213 239 277 244 191 1993-2013 Maine 126 263 324 270 310 112 1993-2013 Maryland 1993-2009 Massachusetts 7 6 7 5 8 7 1993-2013 New Hampshire 1993-2006 New Jersey 206 344 270 604 785 463 1993-2013 New York 325 455 535 508 465 521 1993-2013 North Carolina 251 387 522 535 457 320 1993-2013 Pennsylvania 116 165 232 202 234 178 1993-2013 Rhode Island 1993-2007 South Carolina 250 237 271 306 293 275 1993-2013 Vermont 20 30 19 15 24 19 1993-2013

340

Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7.2 7.2 66.8 59.8 52.5 48.2 53.6 75.7 75.1 65.4 57.1 W 60.9 February ............................. 67.0 66.6 60.6 53.5 49.6 54.8 75.4 74.9 66.1 58.1 NA 61.8 March .................................. 67.9 67.6 61.1 54.5 50.4 55.7 75.8 75.3 66.5 58.3 NA 62.2 April .................................... 73.1 72.8 66.9 62.3 56.4 62.6 80.8 80.4 72.4 66.7 W 69.3 May ..................................... 79.0 78.6 72.1 67.7 62.0 68.0 87.2 86.6 77.4 72.5 NA 74.8 June .................................... 79.2 78.6 70.3 62.4 58.5 63.9 87.6 86.8 75.9 66.8 NA 71.0 July ..................................... 75.6 75.0 66.0 56.4 52.9 58.5 83.8 83.0 71.4 60.2 NA 65.5 August ................................ 73.0 72.6 64.8 57.0 51.8 58.3 81.0 80.5 69.8 60.8 NA 64.9 September .......................... 72.0 71.8 64.8 57.7 52.3 58.7 79.8 79.5 69.6

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341

U.S. Motor Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

NA NA NA 1983-2013 DTW 39,898.1 39,895.9 35,650.2 30,105.1 27,170.0 27,572.4 1994-2013 Rack 220,794.8 226,076.6 232,908.6 233,671.8 239,186.6 238,580.7 1994-2013 Bulk 45,667.8...

342

Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

... 62.2 61.7 57.6 46.2 43.3 50.8 72.8 72.3 64.2 50.3 W 59.7 December ... 59.8 59.2 55.2 41.0 37.5 46.8 70.5 70.0 62.2 45.5 W...

343

Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

... 86.2 85.7 80.5 74.4 68.6 75.9 95.2 94.7 86.9 78.5 W 84.2 December ... 88.4 87.8 82.4 74.9 71.5 77.6 97.7 97.1 88.8 79.1 W...

344

Refinery & Blender Net Production of Finished Motor Gasoline  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 View History U.S. 3,128,673 3,206,726 3,306,400 3,306,028 3,267,022 3,370,460 1945-2013 PADD 1 723,212 872,233 993,681 1,055,660 1,044,853 1,062,487...

345

Motor Gasoline Market Spring 2007 and Implications for Spring...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

positions on policy issues. Because of EIA's statutory independence with respect to the content of its energy information program, the analysis presented herein is strictly its...

346

Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4.6 4.6 73.9 70.5 59.6 55.7 64.4 84.2 83.3 75.7 63.9 - 72.4 February ............................. 73.7 73.0 69.3 59.8 57.2 64.1 82.9 82.1 74.2 64.6 - 71.6 March .................................. 72.3 71.6 68.0 57.9 54.1 62.3 81.7 80.8 73.1 62.4 - 70.1 April .................................... 74.8 74.2 70.8 64.0 59.7 67.0 83.8 83.2 75.8 68.3 - 73.7 May ..................................... 80.4 80.0 75.3 69.5 64.6 71.9 89.2 88.6 80.5 74.2 - 78.7 June .................................... 81.7 81.0 75.3 65.9 61.6 70.3 90.3 89.5 80.6 70.7 - 77.7 July ..................................... 78.7 77.8 71.7 60.3 57.9 65.6 87.5 86.5 77.1 65.1 - 73.6 August ................................ 75.5 74.7 68.8 59.9 56.7 63.6 83.9 83.2 73.8 64.5 - 71.0 September .......................... 73.5 72.9 67.4 61.0 56.9 63.4 81.6 81.0 72.2 65.2 -

347

Altered gene expression in response to diesel exhaust particulate matter (SRM 1650a) in MCF-7 cells detected with DNA microarrays.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...17-21, 2010; Washington, DC Abstract 3777: Diesel motor exhaust and lung cancer risk in a pooled analysis from case-control...School of Medicine, New York, NY. Introduction: Diesel-motor exhaust (DME) is classified by IARC as probably carcinogenic...

Brinda Mahadevan; Channa Keshava; Eric Brooks; Ainsley Weston; and William M. Baird

2006-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

348

Interaction blending equations enhance reformulated gasoline profitability  

SciTech Connect

The interaction approach to gasoline blending gives refiners an accurate, simple means of re-evaluating blending equations and increasing profitability. With reformulated gasoline specifications drawing near, a detailed description of this approach, in the context of reformulated gasoline is in order. Simple mathematics compute blending values from interaction equations and interaction coefficients between mixtures. A timely example of such interactions is: blending a mixture of catalytically cracked gasoline plus light straight run (LSR) from one tank with alkylate plus reformate from another. This paper discusses blending equations, using interactions, mixture interactions, other blending problems, and obtaining equations.

Snee, R.D. (Joiner Associates, Madison, WI (United States)); Morris, W.E.; Smith, W.E.

1994-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

349

Renewable Oxygenate Blending Effects on Gasoline Properties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Renewable Oxygenate Blending Effects on Gasoline Properties ... National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado 80401, United States ... Energy Fuels, 2011, 25 (10), ...

Earl Christensen; Janet Yanowitz; Matthew Ratcliff; Robert L. McCormick

2011-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

350

Emissions Control for Lean Gasoline Engines  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to achieve cost-effective compliance * minimize precious metal content while maximizing fuel economy * Relevance: - U.S. passenger car fleet is dominated by gasoline-fueled...

351

Advanced Gasoline Turbocharged Direct Injection (GTDI) Engine...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

in Gasoline Turbocharged Direct Injection (GTDI) engine technology in the near term as a cost effective, high volume, fuel economy solution, marketed globally as EcoBoost...

352

Emissions Control for Lean Gasoline Engines  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SCR Urea TankInjector Cost Customer Acceptance Not in Project Scope Specific Key Issues: Cost, Durability, Fuel Penalty, Operating Temp.,+... Lean Gasoline SI Direct Injection...

353

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Retail Gasoline and Diesel Surveys Retail Gasoline and Diesel Surveys Definitions Key Terms Definition Conventional Area Any area that does not require the sale of reformulated gasoline. All types of finished motor gasoline may be sold in this area. Conventional Gasoline Finished motor gasoline not included in the reformulated gasoline category. Excludes reformulated gasoline blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB) as well as other blendstock. Note: this survey designates all motor gasoline collected within a conventional area as conventional gasoline (see conventional area). Gasoline Grades The classification of gasoline by octane ratings. Each type of gasoline (conventional and reformulated) is classified by three grades - regular, midgrade, and premium. Note: gasoline sales are reported by grade in accordance with their classification at the time of sale. In general, automotive octane requirements are lower at high altitudes. Therefore, in some areas of the United States, such as the Rocky Mountain States, the octane ratings for the gasoline grades may be 2 or more octane points lower.

354

Automobile Prices, Gasoline Prices, and Consumer Demand for Fuel Economy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Automobile Prices, Gasoline Prices, and Consumer Demand for Fuel Economy Ashley Langer University evidence that automobile manufacturers set vehicle prices as if consumers respond to gasoline prices. We consumer preferences for fuel efficiency. Keywords: automobile prices, gasoline prices, environmental

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

355

Reactivity Controlled Compression Ignition (RCCI) Combustion on a Multi-Cylinder Light-Duty Diesel Engine  

SciTech Connect

Reactivity controlled compression ignition is a low-temperature combustion technique that has been shown, both in computational fluid dynamics modeling and single-cylinder experiments, to obtain diesel-like efficiency or better with ultra-low nitrogen oxide and soot emissions, while operating primarily on gasoline-like fuels. This paper investigates reactivity controlled compression ignition operation on a four-cylinder light-duty diesel engine with production-viable hardware using conventional gasoline and diesel fuel. Experimental results are presented over a wide speed and load range using a systematic approach for achieving successful steady-state reactivity controlled compression ignition combustion. The results demonstrated diesel-like efficiency or better over the operating range explored with low engine-out nitrogen oxide and soot emissions. A peak brake thermal efficiency of 39.0% was demonstrated for 2600 r/min and 6.9 bar brake mean effective pressure with nitrogen oxide emissions reduced by an order of magnitude compared to conventional diesel combustion operation. Reactivity controlled compression ignition emissions and efficiency results are compared to conventional diesel combustion operation on the same engine.

Curran, Scott [ORNL; Hanson, Reed M [ORNL; Wagner, Robert M [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Low emissions diesel fuel  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and matter of composition for controlling NO.sub.x emissions from existing diesel engines. The method is achieved by adding a small amount of material to the diesel fuel to decrease the amount of NO.sub.x produced during combustion. Specifically, small amounts, less than about 1%, of urea or a triazine compound (methylol melamines) are added to diesel fuel. Because urea and triazine compounds are generally insoluble in diesel fuel, microemulsion technology is used to suspend or dissolve the urea or triazine compound in the diesel fuel. A typical fuel formulation includes 5% t-butyl alcohol, 4.5% water, 0.5% urea or triazine compound, 9% oleic acid, and 1% ethanolamine. The subject invention provides improved emissions in heavy diesel engines without the need for major modifications.

Compere, Alicia L. (Knoxville, TN); Griffith, William L. (Oak Ridge, TN); Dorsey, George F. (Farragut, TN); West, Brian H. (Kingston, TN)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Marine Diesel Engines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Marine diesel engines need reserve power to compensate for ... and decreased efficiency of the engine caused by wear and contamination. Minimum efficiency reserves must be...

Michael Palocz-Andresen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

From Gasoline Alleys to Electric Avenues  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...From Gasoline Alleys to Electric Avenues 10.1126...for next-generation electric cars could help make...next-generation hybrid vehicle. Like today's hybrids...have dual gasoline and electric engines. But whereas...authorizing $1 million for rebates for future plug-in hybrid...

Eli Kintisch

2008-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

359

Ethers have good gasoline-blending attributes  

SciTech Connect

Because of their compatibility with hydrocarbon gasoline-blending components, their high octane blending values, and their low volatility blending values, ethers will grow in use as gasoline blending components. This article discusses the properties of ethers as blending components, and environmental questions.

Unzelman, G.H.

1989-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

360

What Drives U.S. Gasoline Prices?  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This analysis provides context for considering the impact of rising domestic light crude oil production on the price that U.S. consumers pay for gasoline, and provides a framework to consider how changes to existing U.S. crude oil export restrictions might affect gasoline prices.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline diesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Dispensing Equipment Testing With Mid-Level Ethanol/Gasoline...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Dispensing Equipment Testing With Mid-Level EthanolGasoline Test Fluid Dispensing Equipment Testing With Mid-Level EthanolGasoline Test Fluid The National Renewable Energy...

362

Reductant Chemistry during LNT Regeneration for a Lean Gasoline...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reductant Chemistry during LNT Regeneration for a Lean Gasoline Engine Reductant Chemistry during LNT Regeneration for a Lean Gasoline Engine Poster presented at the 16th...

363

Advantages of Oxygenates Fuels over Gasoline in Direct Injection...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Advantages of Oxygenates Fuels over Gasoline in Direct Injection Spark Ignition Engines Advantages of Oxygenates Fuels over Gasoline in Direct Injection Spark Ignition Engines...

364

Diesel emission control: Catalytic filters for particulate removal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The European diesel engine industry represents a vital sector across the Continent, with more than 2 million direct work positions and a turnover of over 400 billion Euro. Diesel engines provide large paybacks to society since they are extensively used to transport goods, services and people. In recent years increasing attention has been paid to the emissions from diesel engines which, like gasoline engine emissions, include carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbons (HC) and oxides of nitrogen (NOx). Diesel engines also produce significant levels of particulate matter (PM), which consists mostly of carbonaceous soot and a soluble organic fraction (SOF) of hydrocarbons that have condensed on the soot.Meeting the emission levels imposed for NOx and PM by legislation (Euro IV in 2005 and, in the 2008 perspective, Euro V) requires the development of a number of critical technologies to fulfill these very stringent emission limits (e.g. 0.005 g/km for PM). This review is focused on these innovative technologies with special reference to catalytic traps for diesel particulate removal.

Debora Fino

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Diesel engine reference book  

SciTech Connect

This book is a reference on the design, operation, and maintenance of all types of diesel engines, ranging from the smallest automotive and ancillary engines to the largest marine diesels. Nearly 900 line drawings, graphs and photos illustrate the book. Major Sections: Theory; Engine Design Practice; Lubrication; Environmental Pollution; Crankcase Explosions; Engine Types; Engine Testing; Maintenance; Index.

Lilly, I.R.C.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Gasoline Price Differences Caused by:  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 Notes: While my agency cannot be expert in every local gasoline market in the United States, we are familiar with a number of factors that can account for significant differences in prices between markets: Proximity of supply - distance from the refineries supplying the local market. Additionally, the proximity of those refineries to crude oil supplies can be a factor, as well as shipping logistics, including pipeline or waterborne, from refinery to market. Cost of supply - including crude oil, refinery operating, and transportation costs. Supply/demand balance - some regions are typically in excess or short supply, while others may vary seasonally, or when supply interruptions (such as refinery shutdowns) occur. Competitive environment - including the number of suppliers, and the

367

Diesel fuel oils, 1980  

SciTech Connect

Properties of diesel fuels produced during 1980 were submitted for study and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Department of Energy, Bartlesville Energy Technology Center, Bartlesville, Oklahoma and the American Petroleum Institute. Tests of 192 samples of diesel fuel oils from 95 refineries throughout the country were made by 28 petroleum groups according to type of diesel fuel. Each group of analyses is subdivided into five tabulations according to five general regions of the country where the fuels are marketed. The regions, containing a total of 16 districts, are shown on a map in the report. Data from 13 laboratory tests on each individual diesel fuel sample are listed and arranged by geographic marketing districts in decreasing order of sales volumes. Charts are included showing trends of averages of certain properties for the four types of diesel fuels for the years 1960-1980. Summaries of the results of the 1980 survey, compared with similar data for 1979, are shown.

Shelton, E.M.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Usage of Fuel Mixtures Containing Ethanol and Rapeseed Oil Methyl Esters in a Diesel Engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

However, its use in the diesel engine cycle is hampered by the poor motor-fueling characteristics of lower alcohols and, primarily, the limited solubility of ethanol in fossil diesel fuel and its low self-ignition characteristics. ... Coefficient ? = Gair/(GfL0) estimates air supply into a diesel engine cylinder (indicator process), taking into account the differences of stoichiometric ratio L0 of the tested fuels, caused by the increase of the E portion in the RME?E mixture (Gair is air consumption, and Gf is fuel consumption). ... Future research will concentrate on the analysis of fuel injection and heat release rate characteristics in a cylinder, while a diesel engine is running on biodiesel fuels RME?E, and also on the operational parameters of diesel engines when fossil diesel fuel is replaced with three-component fuels D?RME?E. ...

Sergejus Lebedevas; Galina Lebedeva; Violeta Makareviciene; Prutenis Janulis; Egle Sendzikiene

2008-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

369

Process for producing gasoline of high octane number, in particular lead-free gasoline  

SciTech Connect

A process is described for producing gasoline of high octane number from C/sub 3/ and C/sub 4/ olefinic cuts, such as those obtained by fractional distillation of a C/sub 3/ / C/sub 4/ catalytic cracking cut. It includes the steps of: (A) oligomerizing propylene of the C/sub 3/ cut to obtain a first gasoline fraction, (B) reacting the isobutene of the C/sub 4/ cut with methanol to produce methyl tert.-butyl ether which is separated from the unreacted C/sub 4/ hydrocarbons to form a second gasoline fraction, (C) alkylating said unreacted C/sub 4/ hydrocarbons with isobutane in the presence of an alkylation catalyst such as hydrofluoric acid, to form a third gasoline fraction, and (D) admixing, at least partially, said first, second and third gasoline fractions, so as to obtain gasoline of high octane number.

Chauvin, Y.; Gaillard, J.; Hellin, M.; Torck, B.; Vu, Q.D.

1981-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

370

Chemical kinetic modeling of component mixtures relevant to gasoline  

SciTech Connect

Detailed kinetic models of pyrolysis and combustion of hydrocarbon fuels are nowadays widely used in the design of internal combustion engines and these models are effectively applied to help meet the increasingly stringent environmental and energetic standards. In previous studies by the combustion community, such models not only contributed to the understanding of pure component combustion, but also provided a deeper insight into the combustion behavior of complex mixtures. One of the major challenges in this field is now the definition and the development of appropriate surrogate models able to mimic the actual features of real fuels. Real fuels are complex mixtures of thousands of hydrocarbon compounds including linear and branched paraffins, naphthenes, olefins and aromatics. Their behavior can be effectively reproduced by simpler fuel surrogates containing a limited number of components. Aside the most commonly used surrogates containing iso-octane and n-heptane only, the so called Primary Reference Fuels (PRF), new mixtures have recently been suggested to extend the reference components in surrogate mixtures to also include alkenes and aromatics. It is generally agreed that, including representative species for all the main classes of hydrocarbons which can be found in real fuels, it is possible to reproduce very effectively in a wide range of operating conditions not just the auto-ignition propensity of gasoline or Diesel fuels, but also their physical properties and their combustion residuals [1]. In this work, the combustion behavior of several components relevant to gasoline surrogate formulation is computationally examined. The attention is focused on the autoignition of iso-octane, hexene and their mixtures. Some important issues relevant to the experimental and modeling investigation of such fuels are discussed with the help of rapid compression machine data and calculations. Following the model validation, the behavior of mixtures is discussed on the basis of computational results.

Mehl, M; Curran, H J; Pitz, W J; Dooley, S; Westbrook, C K

2008-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

371

Pleated Ceramic Fiber Diesel Particulate Filter | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Pleated Ceramic Fiber Diesel Particulate Filter Pleated Ceramic Fiber Diesel Particulate Filter 2005 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentations and Posters...

372

Diesel Technology - Challenges & Opportunities for North America  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

diesel entries Passenger car and Class 1 truck diesel sales fall off quickly as diesel fuel price advantage disappears, overall fuel costs drop, and fuel rationing ceases ...

373

(1) Elements of Diesel Engineering: (2) Diesel and other Internal-Combustion Engines: (3) Diesel Engines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... publications arising from its importance from scientific, technical and commercial points of view, the Diesel ...

1937-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

374

Why are gasoline prices falling so rapidly?  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Why are gasoline prices falling so rapidly? Why are gasoline prices falling so rapidly? As of October 29, 2001, the national average retail price of regular gasoline was $1.235 per gallon, its lowest level since November 8, 1999 (Figure 1). The average price has fallen 29 cents in 6 weeks since September 17, with further declines perhaps to come. The sharpest decline has been in the Midwest (Petroleum Administration for Defense District 2), where the average has dropped 57 cents in 8 weeks since Labor Day (September 3). Additionally, this decline comes on the heels of a 33-cent drop in the national average in 10 weeks from Memorial Day through August 6, interrupted only by a brief 17-cent rise in August. In total, the national average retail gasoline price has fallen nearly 48 cents from its peak on May 14. This is already the widest one-year range in retail prices

375

Eliminating MTBE in Gasoline in 2006  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

02/22/2006 02/22/2006 Eliminating MTBE in Gasoline in 2006 Summary In 2005, a number of petroleum companies announced their intent to remove methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) from their gasoline in 2006. Companies' decisions to eliminate MTBE have been driven by State bans due to water contamination concerns, continuing liability exposure from adding MTBE to gasoline, and perceived potential for increased liability exposure due to the elimination of the oxygen content requirement for reformulated gasoline (RFG) included in the Energy Policy Act of 2005. EIA's informal discussions with a number of suppliers indicate that most of the industry is trying to move away from MTBE before the 2006 summer driving season. Currently, the largest use of MTBE is in RFG consumed on the East Coast outside of

376

U.S. gasoline prices increase slightly  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

average retail price for regular gasoline rose slightly to 3.55 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S....

377

Edgeworth price cycles in retail gasoline markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this dissertation, I present three essays that are motivated by the interesting and dynamic price-setting behavior of firms in Canadian retail gasoline markets. In the first essay, I examine behavior at the market level ...

Noel, Michael David, 1971-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Advanced diesel combustion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Future emission norms will further reduce the vehicle emissions of diesel engines. To meet the goal of achieving these stringent limits while maintaining attractive attributes of marketability, the combustion ...

Dirk Adolph; Hartwig Busch; Stefan Pischinger; Andreas Kolbeck…

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

diesel.vp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

differences, whereas stationary series can be estimated in level form. The unit root test could not reject the hypothesis that the retail and spot diesel fuel price series have...

380

DRIVE CYCLE EFFICIENCY AND EMISSIONS ESTIMATES FOR REACTIVITY CONTROLLED COMPRESSION IGNITION IN A MULTI-CYLINDER LIGHT-DUTY DIESEL ENGINE  

SciTech Connect

In-cylinder blending of gasoline and diesel to achieve Reactivity Controlled Compression Ignition (RCCI) has been shown to reduce NOx and PM emissions while maintaining or improving brake thermal efficiency as compared to conventional diesel combustion (CDC). The RCCI concept has an advantage over many advanced combustion strategies in that by varying both the percent of premixed gasoline and EGR rate, stable combustion can be extended over more of the light-duty drive cycle load range. Changing the percent premixed gasoline changes the fuel reactivity stratification in the cylinder providing further control of combustion phasing and pressure rise rate than the use of EGR alone. This paper examines the combustion and emissions performance of light-duty diesel engine using direct injected diesel fuel and port injected gasoline to carry out RCCI for steady-state engine conditions which are consistent with a light-duty drive cycle. A GM 1.9L four-cylinder engine with the stock compression ratio of 17.5:1, common rail diesel injection system, high-pressure EGR system and variable geometry turbocharger was modified to allow for port fuel injection with gasoline. Engine-out emissions, engine performance and combustion behavior for RCCI operation is compared against both CDC and a premixed charge compression ignition (PCCI) strategy which relies on high levels of EGR dilution. The effect of percent of premixed gasoline, EGR rate, boost level, intake mixture temperature, combustion phasing and pressure rise rate is investigated for RCCI combustion for the light-duty modal points. Engine-out emissions of NOx and PM were found to be considerably lower for RCCI operation as compared to CDC and PCCI, while HC and CO emissions were higher. Brake thermal efficiency was similar or higher for many of the modal conditions for RCCI operation. The emissions results are used to estimate hot-start FTP-75 emissions levels with RCCI and are compared against CDC and PCCI modes.

Curran, Scott [ORNL; Briggs, Thomas E [ORNL; Cho, Kukwon [ORNL; Wagner, Robert M [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline diesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Making premium diesel fuel  

SciTech Connect

For refiners, extra processing and blending is a practical, though not always easy, option for improving diesel fuel properties; however, it entails compromises. For example, ignition quality can be improved by including more paraffins, but this negatively impacts the required low-temperature operability properties. Another example is adding aromatics to increase the diesel`s Btu value, but aromatics burn poorly and tend to cause smoking. Due to these and other types of diametrical trade-offs, the scope of distillate processing and fuels blending at the refinery is often very limited. Therefore, fuel additives are rapidly becoming the only alternative for obtaining the superior quality necessary in a premium diesel fuel. If stabilizers, dispersants and other fuel additive components are used in the additive package, the product can be marketed as a premium diesel fuel additive. Engines using this additive-treated fuel will consistently have less emissions, produce optimum power from the fuel energy conversion process and perform to design specifications. And the user will truly have a premium diesel fuel. The paper discusses detergent additives, cetane or ignition improvers, fuel stabilizers, cold weather additives, and lubricity additives.

Pipenger, G. [Amalgamated Inc., Fort Wayne, IN (United States)

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #279: August 4, 2003 Gasoline Stations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9: August 4, 9: August 4, 2003 Gasoline Stations to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #279: August 4, 2003 Gasoline Stations on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #279: August 4, 2003 Gasoline Stations on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #279: August 4, 2003 Gasoline Stations on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #279: August 4, 2003 Gasoline Stations on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #279: August 4, 2003 Gasoline Stations on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #279: August 4, 2003 Gasoline Stations on AddThis.com... Fact #279: August 4, 2003 Gasoline Stations The number of retail outlets that sell gasoline to the public has declined by 17.7% from 1993 to 2002 - from 207,416 in 1993, to 170,678 in 2002.

383

Low Gasoline Stocks Indicate Increased Odds of Spring Volatility  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

We cannot just focus on distillate. Gasoline will likely be our next We cannot just focus on distillate. Gasoline will likely be our next major concern. Gasoline stock levels have fallen well below the typical band for this time of year, primarily for the same reason distillate stocks fell to low levels -- namely relatively low production due to low margins. At the end of January, total gasoline inventories were almost 13 million barrels (6%) below the low end of the normal band. While gasoline stocks are generally not as important a supply source to the gasoline market this time of year as are distillate stocks to the distillate market, gasoline stocks still are needed. Gasoline stocks are usually used to help meet gasoline demand during February and March as refiners go through maintenance and turnarounds, but we do not have the

384

Electrically-Assisted Diesel Particulate Filter Regeneration...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

More Documents & Publications Substrate Studies of an Electrically-Assisted Diesel Particulate Filter Electrically-Assisted Diesel Particulate Filter Regeneration...

385

Preserving Diesel Exhaust Ultrafine (Nano-) Particulate Structure...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Preserving Diesel Exhaust Ultrafine (Nano-) Particulate Structure in Genotoxicity Studies to Support Engineering Development of Emission Controls Preserving Diesel Exhaust...

386

Tobacco Smoking, Motor Exhaust Fumes, and General Air Pollution in Relation to Lung Cancer Incidence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...patients to represent the general populations from which...urban motor traffic or to general urban air pollution...Particulate Phase of Gaso line Engine Exhaust and the Carcinogenicity...Particulate Phase of Diesel Engine Exhausts and the Carcinogenicity...

Clarence A. Mills and Marjorie Mills Porter

1957-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Effects of Biodiesel from Used Frying Palm Oil on the Exhaust Emissions of an Indirect Injection (IDI) Diesel Engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

McDonald (27) studied a 50% blend of yellow grease methyl ester with No. 2 diesel fuel (B50) used in a General Motors L65 GMT 600 turbo-charged, IDI diesel engine. ... This is typical for diesel engines because the air?fuel equivalence ratio slightly decreases with an increasing engine speed. ... A 1994 Dodge 2500 turbocharged and intercooled diesel pickup fueled with 100% Et ester of rapeseed oil was driven by personnel representing the University of Idaho, Agricultural Engineering Department from Moscow, Idaho to Los Angeles, California and back to Moscow and then from Moscow to Ocean City, Maryland and back to Moscow, Idaho. ...

Ahmet Necati Ozsezen; Mustafa Canakci; Cenk Sayin

2008-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

388

Gasoline marketing: Octane mislabeling in New York City  

SciTech Connect

The problem of octane mislabeling at gasoline stations in New York City has grown - from 46 or fewer citations in 1981 to 171 citations in 1986. No single source of octane mislabeling exists but the city has found both gasoline station operators and fuel distributors to blame. The problem does not seem to be unique to any one type of gasoline station but 57 percent of the 171 citations issued involved gasoline sold under the name of a major refiner; the rest involved unbranded gasoline. Octane cheating can be lucrative in New York City. A station intentionally mislabeling its gasoline could realize amounts many times the city's maximum $500 fine for cheating.

Not Available

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Ethanol Demand in United States Gasoline Production  

SciTech Connect

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (OWL) Refinery Yield Model (RYM) has been used to estimate the demand for ethanol in U.S. gasoline production in year 2010. Study cases examine ethanol demand with variations in world oil price, cost of competing oxygenate, ethanol value, and gasoline specifications. For combined-regions outside California summer ethanol demand is dominated by conventional gasoline (CG) because the premised share of reformulated gasoline (RFG) production is relatively low and because CG offers greater flexibility for blending high vapor pressure components like ethanol. Vapor pressure advantages disappear for winter CG, but total ethanol used in winter RFG remains low because of the low RFG production share. In California, relatively less ethanol is used in CG because the RFG production share is very high. During the winter in California, there is a significant increase in use of ethanol in RFG, as ethanol displaces lower-vapor-pressure ethers. Estimated U.S. ethanol demand is a function of the refiner value of ethanol. For example, ethanol demand for reference conditions in year 2010 is 2 billion gallons per year (BGY) at a refiner value of $1.00 per gallon (1996 dollars), and 9 BGY at a refiner value of $0.60 per gallon. Ethanol demand could be increased with higher oil prices, or by changes in gasoline specifications for oxygen content, sulfur content, emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCS), and octane numbers.

Hadder, G.R.

1998-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

390

Diesel prices continue to increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices continue to increase The U.S. retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to its highest average since September at 3.95 a gallon. That's up 4.7 cents from a week...

391

Diesel prices continue to increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.91 a gallon on Monday. That's up 7-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based...

392

Diesel prices continue to increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.98 a gallon. That's up 2.6 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price...

393

Diesel fuel oils, 1982  

SciTech Connect

Properties of diesel fuels produced during 1982 were submitted for study and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Department of Energy (DOE), Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC), Bartlesville, Oklahoma and the American Petroleum Institute (API). Tests of 184 samples of diesel fuel oils from 83 refineries throughout the country were made by 27 petroleum groups according to type of diesel fuel. Each group of analyses is subdivided into five tabulations according to five general regions of the country where the fuels are marketed. The regions, containing a total of 16 districts, are shown on a map in the report. Data from 13 laboratory tests on each individual diesel fuel sample are listed and arranged by geographic marketing districts in decreasing order of sales volumes. Charts are included showing trends of averages of certain properties for the four types of diesel fuels for the years 1960 to 1982. Summaries of the results of the 1982 survey, compared with similar data for 1981, are shown in Tables 1 through 4 of the report. A summary of 1-D and 2-D fuels are presented in Tables 5 and 6 respectively.

Shelton, E.M.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Diesel fuel oils, 1981  

SciTech Connect

Properties of diesel fuels produced during 1981 were submitted for study and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Department of Energy (DOE), Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC), Bartlesville, Oklahoma and the American Petroleum Institute (API). Tests of 160 samples of diesel fuel oils from 77 refineries throughout the country were made by 26 petroleum groups according to type of diesel fuel. Each group of analyses is subdivided into five tabulations according to five general regions of the country where the fuels are marketed. The regions, containing a total of 16 districts, are shown on a map in the report. Data from 13 laboratory tests on each individual diesel fuel sample are listed and arranged by geographic marketing districts in decreasing order of sales volumes. Charts are included showing trends of averages of certain properties for the four types of diesel fuels for the years 1960 to 1981. Summaries of the results of the 1981 survey, compared with similar data for 1980, are shown.

Shelton, E.M.

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

1995 Reformulated Gasoline Market Affected Refiners Differently  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 Reformulated Gasoline Market Affected 5 Reformulated Gasoline Market Affected Refiners Differently by John Zyren, Charles Dale and Charles Riner Introduction The United States has completed its first summer driving season using reformulated gasoline (RFG). Motorists noticed price increases at the retail level, resulting from the increased cost to produce and deliver the product, as well as from the tight sup- ply/demand balance during the summer. This arti- cle focuses on the costs of producing RFG as experienced by different types of refiners and on how these refiners fared this past summer, given the prices for RFG at the refinery gate. RFG Regulatory Requirements The use of RFG is a result of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA). The CAAA cover a wide range of programs aimed at improving air qual-

396

Kinetics of Diesel Nanoparticle Oxidation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The oxidation rates in air of diesel nanoparticles sampled directly from the exhaust stream of a medium-duty diesel engine were measured over the temperature range of 800?1140 °C using online aerosol techniques. ... Particulate emission from diesel engines is currently a topic of great concern from both pollution and public health standpoints. ... In addition, the fundamental carbon-to-hydrogen ratio may be different in diesel particles as compared to the commonly used surrogates (15). ...

Kelly J. Higgins; Heejung Jung; David B. Kittelson; Jeffrey T. Roberts; Michael R. Zachariah

2003-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

397

Soybean Oil as Diesel Fuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Soybean Oil as Diesel Fuel ... TESTS are reported from Japan on the use of soybean oil as Diesel fuel in a 12-horsepower engine of 150-mm. ... This trouble was overcome by passing through some of the Diesel cooling water to heat the fuel tank and supply line. ...

C.H.S. TUPHOLME

1940-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

398

Alternatives to Diesel Fuel in California - Fuel Cycle Energy and Emission Effects of Possible Replacements Due to the TAC Diesel Particulate Decision  

SciTech Connect

Limitations on petroleum-based diesel fuel in California could occur pursuant to the 1998 declaration by California's Air Resources Board (CARB) that the particulate matter component of diesel exhaust is a carcinogen, therefore a toxic air contaminant (TAC) subject to the state's Proposition 65. It is the declared intention of CARB not to ban or restrict diesel fuel, per se, at this time. Assuming no total ban, Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) explored two feasible ''mid-course'' strategies, each of which results in some degree of (conventional) diesel displacement. In the first case, with substantial displacement of compression ignition by spark ignition engines, diesel fuel is assumed admissible for ignition assistance as a pilot fuel in natural gas (NG)-powered heavy-duty vehicles. Gasoline demand in California increases by 32.2 million liters (8.5 million gallons) per day overall, about 21 percent above projected 2010 baseline demand. Natural gas demand increases by 13.6 million diesel liter (3.6 million gallon) equivalents per day, about 7 percent above projected (total) consumption level. In the second case, ressionignition engines utilize substitutes for petroleum-based diesel having similar ignition and performance properties. For each case we estimated localized air emission plus generalized greenhouse gas and energy changes. Fuel replacement by di-methyl ether yields the greatest overall reduction in NOx emissions, though all scenarios bring about PM10 reductions relative to the 2010 baseline, with greatest reductions from the first case described above and the least from fuel replacement by Fischer-Tropsch synthetic diesel. Economic implications of vehicle and engine replacement were not formally evaluated.

Christopher L. Saraicks; Donald M. Rote; Frank Stodolsky; James J. Eberhardt

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Effectiveness of Diesel Oxidation Catalyst in Reducing HC and CO Emissions from Reactivity Controlled Compression Ignition  

SciTech Connect

Reactivity Controlled Compression Ignition (RCCI) has been shown to allow for diesel-like or better brake thermal efficiency with significant reductions in nitrogen oxide (NOX) particulate matter (PM) emissions. Hydrocarbon (HC) and carbon monoxide (CO) emission levels, on the other hand, are similar to those of port fuel injected gasoline engines. The higher HC and CO emissions combined with the lower exhaust temperatures with RCCI operation present a challenge for current exhaust aftertreatments. The reduction of HC and CO emissions in a lean environment is typically achieved with an oxidation catalyst. In this work, several diesel oxidation catalysts (DOC) with different precious metal loadings were evaluated for effectiveness to control HC and CO emissions from RCCI combustion in a light-duty multi-cylinder engine operating on gasoline and diesel fuels. Each catalyst was evaluated in a steady-state engine operation with temperatures ranging from 160 to 260 C. A shift to a higher light-off temperature was observed during the RCCI operation. In addition to the steady-state experiments, the performances of the DOCs were evaluated during multi-mode engine operation by switching from diesel-like combustion at higher exhaust temperature and low HC/CO emissions to RCCI combustion at lower temperature and higher HC/CO emissions. High CO and HC emissions from RCCI generated an exotherm keeping the catalyst above the light-off temperature.

Prikhodko, Vitaly Y [ORNL; Curran, Scott [ORNL; Parks, II, James E [ORNL; Wagner, Robert M [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #458: February 26, 2007 Gasoline Price  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8: February 26, 8: February 26, 2007 Gasoline Price Expectations to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #458: February 26, 2007 Gasoline Price Expectations on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #458: February 26, 2007 Gasoline Price Expectations on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #458: February 26, 2007 Gasoline Price Expectations on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #458: February 26, 2007 Gasoline Price Expectations on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #458: February 26, 2007 Gasoline Price Expectations on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #458: February 26, 2007 Gasoline Price Expectations on AddThis.com... Fact #458: February 26, 2007 Gasoline Price Expectations

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline diesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Factors Impacting Gasoline Prices and Areas for Further Study  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Factors Impacting Gasoline Prices and Areas for Further Study Factors Impacting Gasoline Prices and Areas for Further Study 8/10/01 Click here to start Table of Contents Factors Impacting Gasoline Prices and Areas for Further Study Different Factors Impact Different Aspects of Gasoline Price Correlation of Price to Inventory Levels Crude Prices Strongly Related to OECD.Crude & Product Inventories Gasoline Prices Also Influenced by Regional Gasoline Product Markets Tight Product Balance Pushes Up Product Spread (Spot Product - Crude Price) Retail Price Changes Lag Spot Prices Cumulative Gasoline Price Pass-through Illustration of How Lag Effect Dampens and Slows Retail Price Changes from Wholesale Recent Weekly Retail Price Changes Have Been as Expected Summary: Most Gasoline Price Movement Can Be Explained As Rational Market Behavior Author: Joanne Shore

402

U.S. gasoline price falls under $3 (short version)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3, 2014 U.S. gasoline price falls under 3 (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to its lowest level since December 2010 at 2.99 a gallon on...

403

U.S. gasoline price falls under $3 (long version)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

November 3, 2014 U.S. gasoline price falls under 3 (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to its lowest level since December 2010 at 2.99 a gallon...

404

Demand and Price Volatility: Rational Habits in International Gasoline Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

shift in the short-run price elasticity of gasoline demand.A meta-analysis of the price elasticity of gasoline demand.2007. Consumer demand un- der price uncertainty: Empirical

Scott, K. Rebecca

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

The relationship between crude oil and gasoline prices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study investigates the dynamic relationship between crude oil and retail gasoline prices during the last 21 years and determines ... that date, the results show that gasoline prices include higher profit mar...

Ali T. Akarca; Dimitri Andrianacos

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Fact #835: August 25, Average Historical Annual Gasoline Pump...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

5: August 25, Average Historical Annual Gasoline Pump Price, 1929-2013 Fact 835: August 25, Average Historical Annual Gasoline Pump Price, 1929-2013 When adjusted for inflation,...

407

Revisiting the Income Effect: Gasoline Prices and Grocery Purchases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gasoline and Crude Oil Prices, 2000-2006 Figure I:Weekly Gasoline and Crude Oil Prices for 2001- 2006 Crudeargue that increases in oil prices may lead to recessions

Gicheva, Dora; Hastings, Justine; Villas-Boas, Sofia B

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Combustion system development of a two-stroke, spark-assisted DI diesel engine  

SciTech Connect

A loop-scavenged, two-stroke, spark-assisted DI diesel engine was developed by modifying an outboard marine gasoline engine to operate on diesel fuel with high fuel efficiency similar to a diesel engine, yet retain the two-stroke engine advantages of low cost, light weight, and high power-to-weight ratio. Engine modification was concentrated in the area of the combustion system, including transfer port design to generate air swirl in the cylinder, and combustion chamber design to generate air squish and turbulence. Bore and stroke (84 x 72 mm) remained the same as those of the base engine. The experimental engine used the production engine's piston, crankshaft, connecting rod, bearings, and cylinder block. The transfer port design was optimized using a flow test bench for best swirl and air flow pattern with a simple flow visualization technique. The best combustion chamber geometry, compression ratio, and fuel injection spray pattern were determined through engine experiments.

Ariga, S.; Matsushita, Y.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

National Survey of E85 and Gasoline Prices  

SciTech Connect

Study compares the prices of E85 and regular gasoline nationally and regionally over time for one year.

Bergeron, P.

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Catalytic isomerization of the overhead fractions of straight run gasoline  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The isomerization of the pentane and hexane fractions of gasoline on a platinum catalyst was studied, as...

N. R. Bursian; G. N. Maslyanskii…

1965-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Pollutant Emissions from Gasoline Combustion. 1. Dependence on Fuel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pollutant Emissions from Gasoline Combustion. 1. Dependence on Fuel Structural Functionalities H O fractions of gasoline fuels, the Utah Surrogate Mechanisms is extended to include submecha- nisms of gasoline surrogate compounds using a set of mechanism generation techniques. The mechanism yields very good

Utah, University of

412

Empirical Regularities of Asymmetric Pricing in the Gasoline Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Empirical Regularities of Asymmetric Pricing in the Gasoline Industry Marc Remer August 2, 2010 pricing in the retail gasoline industry, and also documents empirical regularities in the market. I find of asymmetric price movements in the retail gasoline industry. Yet, there is no general agreement as to whether

Niebur, Ernst

413

LAMINAR BURNING VELOCITY OF GASOLINES WITH ADDITION OF ETHANOL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 LAMINAR BURNING VELOCITY OF GASOLINES WITH ADDITION OF ETHANOL P. Dirrenberger1 , P.A. Glaude*1 (2014) 162-169" DOI : 10.1016/j.fuel.2013.07.015 #12;2 LAMINAR BURNING VELOCITY OF GASOLINES, Sweden Abstract The adiabatic laminar burning velocities of a commercial gasoline and of a model fuel (n

Boyer, Edmond

414

Ethanol Production and Gasoline Prices: A Spurious Correlation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ethanol Production and Gasoline Prices: A Spurious Correlation Christopher R. Knittel and Aaron Smith July 12, 2012 Abstract Ethanol made from corn comprises 10% of US gasoline, up from 3% in 2003 proponents of ethanol have argued that ethanol production greatly lowers gasoline prices, with one industry

Rothman, Daniel

415

NIST Technical Note 1666 Modeling the Effects of Outdoor Gasoline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NIST Technical Note 1666 Modeling the Effects of Outdoor Gasoline Powered Generator Use on Indoor Technical Note 1666 Modeling the Effects of Outdoor Gasoline Powered Generator Use on Indoor Carbon Monoxide and Technology (NIST) conducted a study for CDC to examine the impact of distance of gasoline-powered portable

416

ISSN 1745-9648 Gasoline Prices Jump Up on Mondays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ISSN 1745-9648 Gasoline Prices Jump Up on Mondays: an Outcome of Aggressive Competition? by Ã?ystein Research Council is gratefully acknowledged. #12;Gasoline prices jump up on Mondays: An outcome, 2008 Abstract This paper examines Norwegian gasoline pump prices using daily station

Feigon, Brooke

417

What Do Consumers Believe About Future Gasoline Soren T. Anderson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

What Do Consumers Believe About Future Gasoline Prices? Soren T. Anderson Michigan State University of consumers about their expectations of future gasoline prices. Overall, we find that consumer beliefs follow a random walk, which we deem a reasonable forecast of gasoline prices, but we find a deviation from

Silver, Whendee

418

Production of high-octane automobile gasolines by the catalytic reforming of straight-run gasoline fractions from mangyshlak crude  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High-octane components for AI-93 and AI-98 automobile gasolines can be obtained in 86 and 82% ... 140, 140–180, and 85–180°C gasoline fractions from Mangyshlak crude.

V. A. Kuprianov; A. A. Timofeev; V. E. Gavrun…

1971-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Study of methanol-to-gasoline process for production of gasoline from coal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The methanol-to-gasoline (MTG) process is an efficient way to produce liquid ... The academic basis of the coal-to-liquid process is described and two different synthesis processes are focused on: Fixed MTG process

Tian-cai He; Xiao-han Cheng; Ling Li…

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Reformulated gasoline: Costs and refinery impacts  

SciTech Connect

Studies of reformulated gasoline (RFG) costs and refinery impacts have been performed with the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Refinery Yield Model (ORNL-RYM), a linear program which has been updated to blend gasolines to satisfy emissions constraints defined by preliminary complex emissions models. Policy makers may use the reformulation cost knee (the point at which costs start to rise sharply for incremental emissions control) to set emissions reduction targets, giving due consideration to the differences between model representations and actual refining operations. ORNL-RYM estimates that the reformulation cost knee for the US East Coast (PADD I) is about 15.2 cents per gallon with a 30 percent reduction of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). The estimated cost knee for the US Gulf Coast (PADD III) is about 5.5 cents per gallon with a VOC reduction of 35 percent. Reid vapor pressure (RVP) reduction is the dominant VOC reduction mechanism. Even with anti-dumping constraints, conventional gasoline appears to be an important sink which permits RFG to be blended with lower aromatics and sulfur contents in PADD III. In addition to the potentially large sensitivity of RFG production to different emissions models, RFG production is sensitive to the non-exhaust VOC share assumption for a particular VOC model. ORNL-RYM has also been used to estimate the sensitivity of RFG production to the cost of capital; to the RVP requirements for conventional gasoline; and to the percentage of RFG produced in a refining region.

Hadder, G.R.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline diesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Retail Diesel Fuel Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Along with heating oil prices, the distillate supply squeeze has Along with heating oil prices, the distillate supply squeeze has severely impacted diesel fuel prices, especially in the Northeast. Diesel fuel is bascially the same product as home heating oil. The primary difference is that diesel has a lower sulfur content. When heating oil is in short supply, low sulfur diesel fuel can be diverted to heating oil supply. Thus, diesel fuel prices rise with heating heating oil prices. Retail diesel fuel prices nationally, along with those of most other petroleum prices, increased steadily through most of 1999. But prices in the Northeast jumped dramatically in the third week of January. Diesel fuel prices in New England rose nearly 68 cents per gallon, or 47 percent, between January 17 and February 7. While EIA does not have

422

Electric Motors  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Section 313 of the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007 raised Federal minimum efficiency standards for general-purpose, single-speed, polyphase induction motors of 1 to 500 horsepower (hp). This new standard took effect in December 2010. The new minimum efficiency levels match FEMP's performance requirement for these motors.

423

Diesel Particle Filter and Fuel Effects on Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine Emissions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Diesel Particle Filter and Fuel Effects on Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine Emissions ... Gaseous and Particulate Emissions from Diesel Engines at Idle and under Load: Comparison of Biodiesel Blend and Ultralow Sulfur Diesel Fuels ...

Matthew A. Ratcliff; A. John Dane; Aaron Williams; John Ireland; Jon Luecke; Robert L. McCormick; Kent J. Voorhees

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Ultra-Low Sulfur diesel Update & Future Light Duty Diesel | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ultra-Low Sulfur diesel Update & Future Light Duty Diesel Ultra-Low Sulfur diesel Update & Future Light Duty Diesel Presentation given at DEER 2006, August 20-24, 2006, Detroit,...

425

DIESEL FUEL LUBRICATION  

SciTech Connect

The diesel fuel injector and pump systems contain many sliding interfaces that rely for lubrication upon the fuels. The combination of the poor fuel lubricity and extremely tight geometric clearance between the plunger and bore makes the diesel fuel injector vulnerable to scuffing damage that severely limits the engine life. In order to meet the upcoming stricter diesel emission regulations and higher engine efficiency requirements, further fuel refinements that will result in even lower fuel lubricity due to the removal of essential lubricating compounds, more stringent operation conditions, and tighter geometric clearances are needed. These are expected to increase the scuffing and wear vulnerability of the diesel fuel injection and pump systems. In this chapter, two approaches are discussed to address this issue: (1) increasing fuel lubricity by introducing effective lubricity additives or alternative fuels, such as biodiesel, and (2) improving the fuel injector scuffing-resistance by using advanced materials and/or surface engineering processes. The developing status of the fuel modification approach is reviewed to cover topics including fuel lubricity origins, lubricity improvers, alternative fuels, and standard fuel lubricity tests. The discussion of the materials approach is focused on the methodology development for detection of the onset of scuffing and evaluation of the material scuffing characteristics.

Qu, Jun [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Diesel Engine Alternatives  

SciTech Connect

There are basically three different modes of combustion possible for use in reciprocating engines. These include, diffusion burning, as occurs in current diesel engines, flame propagation combustion such as used in conventional SI engines, and homogeneous combustion such as is used in the SwRI HCCI engine. Diesel engines currently offer significant fuel consumption benefits relative to other powerplants for on and off road applications; however, costs and efficiency may become problems as the emissions standards become even more stringent. This presentation presents a discussion of the potentials of HCCI and flame propagation engines as alternatives to the diesel engines. It is suggested that as the emissions standards become more and more stringent, the advantages of the diesel may disappear. The potential for HCCI is limited by the availability of the appropriate fuel. The potential of flame propagation engines is limited by several factors including knock, EGR tolerance, high BMEP operation, and throttling. These limitations are discussed in the context of potential for improvement of the efficiency of the flame propagation engine.

Ryan, T

2003-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

427

Diesel Soot Toxification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(2) The second significant trend is the more defective bulk and surface structure as the result of alteration of the fuel combustion process. ... Although the development of improved particle filters and novel methods for particulate removal in diesel cars is an ongoing task for industry the ultimate answer could be given by the future statistical analysis of mortality due to soot exposition. ...

Benjamin Frank; Robert Schlögl; Dang Sheng Su

2013-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

428

Diesel Engine Idling Test  

SciTech Connect

In support of the Department of Energy’s FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technology Program Office goal to minimize diesel engine idling and reduce the consumption of millions of gallons of diesel fuel consumed during heavy vehicle idling periods, the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) conducted tests to characterize diesel engine wear rates caused by extended periods of idling. INL idled two fleet buses equipped with Detroit Diesel Series 50 engines, each for 1,000 hours. Engine wear metals were characterized from weekly oil analysis samples and destructive filter analyses. Full-flow and the bypass filter cartridges were removed at four stages of the testing and sent to an oil analysis laboratory for destructive analysis to ascertain the metals captured in the filters and to establish wear rate trends. Weekly samples were sent to two independent oil analysis laboratories. Concurrent with the filter analysis, a comprehensive array of other laboratory tests ascertained the condition of the oil, wear particle types, and ferrous particles. Extensive ferrogram testing physically showed the concentration of iron particles and associated debris in the oil. The tests results did not show the dramatic results anticipated but did show wear trends. New West Technologies, LLC, a DOE support company, supplied technical support and data analysis throughout the idle test.

Larry Zirker; James Francfort; Jordon Fielding

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Response to Comment on “Environmental Implications on the Oxygenation of Gasoline with Ethanol in the Metropolitan Area of Mexico City”  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Motor vehicle population in the MAMC has a model-year distribution typical of developing countries:? Old cars (unequipped with any emissions control technology) make up a great portion of the total population. ... Recently, Mexico's economic stability and lower inflation rates have prompted motor vehicle dealers to lower their down payments and interest rates, thus making it feasible for low income people (e.g., those that own an old car) to buy a new one. ... We have reported recently that TWC performance in brand new vehicles deteriorates considerably after 60?000 km, either because of defective TWC materials or because of the high sulfur content of Mexican gasoline (8). ...

I. Schifter; M. Vera; L. Díaz; E. Guzmán; F. Ramos; E. López-Salinas

2001-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

430

IDENTIFYING THE USAGE PATTERNS OF METHYL TERT-BUTYL ETHER (MTBE) AND OTHER OXYGENATES IN GASOLINE USING GASOLINE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IDENTIFYING THE USAGE PATTERNS OF METHYL TERT-BUTYL ETHER (MTBE) AND OTHER OXYGENATES IN GASOLINE USING GASOLINE SURVEYS By Michael J. Moran, Rick M. Clawges, and John S. Zogorski U.S. Geological Survey 1608 Mt. View Rapid City, SD 57702 Methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) is commonly added to gasoline

431

Definition: Diesel fuel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Diesel fuel Diesel fuel Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Diesel fuel A liquid fuel produced from petroleum; used in diesel engines.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Diesel oil and Gazole (fuel) redirect here. Sometimes "diesel oil" is used to mean lubricating oil for diesel engines. Diesel fuel in general is any liquid fuel used in diesel engines. The most common is a specific fractional distillate of petroleum fuel oil, but alternatives that are not derived from petroleum, such as biodiesel, biomass to liquid (BTL) or gas to liquid (GTL) diesel, are increasingly being developed and adopted. To distinguish these types, petroleum-derived diesel is increasingly called petrodiesel. Ultra-low-sulfur diesel (ULSD) is a standard for defining diesel fuel with substantially lowered sulfur contents. As of 2007, almost

432

Effect of Diesel Oxidation Catalysts on the Diesel Particulate Filter Regeneration Process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Effect of Diesel Oxidation Catalysts on the Diesel Particulate Filter Regeneration Process ... A Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) regeneration process was investigated during aftertreatment exhaust of a simulated diesel engine under the influence of a Diesel Oxidation Catalyst (DOC). ... Diesel particulate matter (PM) significantly contributes to urban air pollution and has often been associated with adverse health effects. ...

Leonardo Lizarraga; Stamatios Souentie; Antoinette Boreave; Christian George; Barbara D’Anna; Philippe Vernoux

2011-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

433

Simultaneous Efficiency, NOx, and Smoke Improvements through Diesel/Gasoline Dual-Fuel Operation in a Diesel Engine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or liquefied petroleum gas, natural gas, biogas, hydrogen, and alcohols such as methanol, ethanol, iso-propanol, and n-butanol), and fuel additives (MTBE or methyl tertiary-butyl ether, H2O2 or hydrogen peroxide, 2-EHN or ethylhexyl nitrate and DTBP or di...

Sun, Jiafeng

2014-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

434

Exhaust particle characterization for lean and stoichiometric DI vehicles operating on ethanol-gasoline blends  

SciTech Connect

Gasoline direct injection (GDI) engines can offer better fuel economy and higher performance over their port fuel-injected (PFI) counterparts, and are now appearing in increasingly more U.S. and European vehicles. Small displacement, turbocharged GDI engines are replacing large displacement engines, particularly in light-duty trucks and sport utility vehicles, in order for manufacturers to meet the U.S. fuel economy standards for 2016. Furthermore, lean-burn GDI engines can offer even higher fuel economy than stoichiometric GDI engines and have overcome challenges associated with cost-effective aftertreatment for NOx control. Along with changes in gasoline engine technology, fuel composition may increase in ethanol content beyond the current 10% due to the recent EPA waiver allowing 15% ethanol. In addition, the Renewable Fuels Standard passed as part of the 2007 Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) mandates the use of biofuels in upcoming years. GDI engines are of environmental concern due to their high particulate matter (PM) emissions relative to port-fuel injected (PFI) gasoline vehicles; widespread market penetration of GDI vehicles may result in additional PM from mobile sources at a time when the diesel contribution is declining. In this study, we characterized particulate emissions from a European certified lean-burn GDI vehicle operating on ethanol-gasoline blends. Particle mass and particle number concentration emissions were measured for the Federal Test Procedure urban driving cycle (FTP 75) and the more aggressive US06 driving cycle. Particle number-size distributions and organic to elemental carbon ratios (OC/EC) were measured for 30 MPH and 80 MPH steady-state operation. In addition, particle number concentration was measured during wide open throttle accelerations (WOTs) and gradual accelerations representative of the FTP 75. Fuels included certification gasoline and 10% (E10) and 20% (E20) ethanol blends from the same supplier. The particle mass emissions were approximately 3 and 7 mg/mile for the FTP75 and US06, respectively, with lower emissions for the ethanol blends. The data are compared to a previous study on a U.S.-legal stoichiometric GDI vehicle operating on the same ethanol blends. The lean-burn GDI vehicle emitted a higher number of particles, but had an overall smaller average size. Particle number per mile decreased with increasing ethanol content for the transient tests. For the 30 and 80 mph tests, particle number concentration decreased with increasing ethanol content, although the shape of the particle size distribution remained the same. Engine-out OC/EC ratios were highest for the stoichiometric GDI vehicle with E20, but tailpipe OC/EC ratios were similar for all vehicles.

Storey, John Morse [ORNL] [ORNL; Barone, Teresa L [ORNL] [ORNL; Thomas, John F [ORNL] [ORNL; Huff, Shean P [ORNL] [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Why Are Gasoline Prices Rising so Fast  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Statement of John Cook Statement of John Cook Before the Committee on Government Reform Subcommittee on Energy Policy, Natural Resources and Regulatory Affairs U.S. House of Representatives June 14, 2001 Thank you Mr. Chairman and members of the Committee for the opportunity to testify today. Gasoline prices have begun declining, as expected, from this spring's apparent peak price of $1.71 on May 14, with the national average for regular gasoline at $1.65 per gallon as of June 11 (Figure 1). Between late March and mid-May, retail prices rose 31 cents per gallon, with some regions experiencing even greater increases. Like last year, Midwest consumers saw some of the largest increases, and along with California, some of the highest prices. Prices in the Midwest increased 43 cents per

436

Detailed Kinetic Modeling of Gasoline Surrogate Mixtures  

SciTech Connect

Real fuels are complex mixtures of thousands of hydrocarbon compounds including linear and branched paraffins, naphthenes, olefins and aromatics. It is generally agreed that their behavior can be effectively reproduced by simpler fuel surrogates containing a limited number of components. In this work, a recently revised version of the kinetic model by the authors is used to analyze the combustion behavior of several components relevant to gasoline surrogate formulation. Particular attention is devoted to linear and branched saturated hydrocarbons (PRF mixtures), olefins (1-hexene) and aromatics (toluene). Model predictions for pure components, binary mixtures and multi-component gasoline surrogates are compared with recent experimental information collected in rapid compression machine, shock tube and jet stirred reactors covering a wide range of conditions pertinent to internal combustion engines. Simulation results are discussed focusing attention on the mixing effects of the fuel components.

Mehl, M; Curran, H J; Pitz, W J; Westbrook, C K

2009-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

437

Modeling of Diesel Oxidation Catalyst  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Modeling of Diesel Oxidation Catalyst ... Optimization of hydrocarbon (HC) oxidation over a diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC) requires consideration of (i) HC gas diffusion into the catalyst layer, (ii) HC gas adsorption and desorption from catalyst sites, and (iii) kinetics of the oxidation reaction. ... Mutagenicity of Diesel Engine Exhaust Is Eliminated in the Gas Phase by an Oxidation Catalyst but Only Slightly Reduced in the Particle Phase ...

Yasushi Tanaka; Takashi Hihara; Makoto Nagata; Naoto Azuma; Akifumi Ueno

2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

438

This Week In Petroleum Gasoline Section  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Regular Gasoline Retail Prices (Dollars per Gallon) Regular Gasoline Retail Prices (Dollars per Gallon) Retail Average Regular Gasoline Prices Petroleum Data Tables more data Most Recent Year Ago 11/04/13 11/11/13 11/18/13 11/25/13 12/02/13 12/09/13 12/16/13 12/17/12 U.S. 3.265 3.194 3.219 3.293 3.272 3.269 3.239 3.254 East Coast (PADD 1) 3.289 3.243 3.282 3.386 3.389 3.382 3.373 3.350 Midwest (PADD 2) 3.188 3.074 3.126 3.191 3.121 3.132 3.079 3.144 Gulf Coast (PADD 3) 3.030 2.978 3.004 3.140 3.124 3.104 3.047 3.045 Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) 3.307 3.227 3.183 3.145 3.113 3.077 3.055 3.211 West Coast (PADD 5) 3.564 3.507 3.467 3.457 3.475 3.477 3.472 3.457 Retail Conventional Regular Gasoline Prices Petroleum Data Tables more data Most Recent Year Ago 11/04/13 11/11/13 11/18/13 11/25/13 12/02/13 12/09/13 12/16/13

439

The Extraction of Gasoline from Natural Gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the quantitative estimation of the condensable gasoline consti- tuents of so-called rtwetn natural gas» Three general lines of experimentation suggested themselves after a preliminary study of the problem. These were the separation of a liqui- fied sample... fractionation of a mixture of natural gases are, however, not available in the ordinary laboratory, so this method altho successful and accurate is hardly practical. Even after the fractionation of the gas has ^lebeau and Damiens in Chen. Abstr. 7, 1356...

Schroeder, J. P.

1914-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

440

Diesel fuel qualities  

SciTech Connect

As a result of rising fuel costs, many ship operators are turning to less expensive, heavier grade fuels for their diesel engines. Use of these lower quality fuels without adequate preparation can cause increased engine wear and damage to fuel systems. The oil properties which affect pretreatment and cleaning requirements, specifications that should be used when purchasing these fuels, and procedures for confirming that bought fuels meet purchase specifications are discussed. (LCL)

Blenkey, N.

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline diesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

China's Energy and Carbon Emissions Outlook to 2050  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gasoline Ethanol Electric Diesel CNG Gasoline HybridEthanol Diesel CNG Gasoline Hybrid LPG Electric Figure 23

Zhou, Nan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

European Lean Gasoline Direct Injection Vehicle Benchmark  

SciTech Connect

Lean Gasoline Direct Injection (LGDI) combustion is a promising technical path for achieving significant improvements in fuel efficiency while meeting future emissions requirements. Though Stoichiometric Gasoline Direct Injection (SGDI) technology is commercially available in a few vehicles on the American market, LGDI vehicles are not, but can be found in Europe. Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) obtained a European BMW 1-series fitted with a 2.0l LGDI engine. The vehicle was instrumented and commissioned on a chassis dynamometer. The engine and after-treatment performance and emissions were characterized over US drive cycles (Federal Test Procedure (FTP), the Highway Fuel Economy Test (HFET), and US06 Supplemental Federal Test Procedure (US06)) and steady state mappings. The vehicle micro hybrid features (engine stop-start and intelligent alternator) were benchmarked as well during the course of that study. The data was analyzed to quantify the benefits and drawbacks of the lean gasoline direct injection and micro hybrid technologies from a fuel economy and emissions perspectives with respect to the US market. Additionally that data will be formatted to develop, substantiate, and exercise vehicle simulations with conventional and advanced powertrains.

Chambon, Paul H [ORNL] [ORNL; Huff, Shean P [ORNL] [ORNL; Edwards, Kevin Dean [ORNL] [ORNL; Norman, Kevin M [ORNL] [ORNL; Prikhodko, Vitaly Y [ORNL] [ORNL; Thomas, John F [ORNL] [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Sandia National Laboratories: Diesel Combustion  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diesel Combustion Caterpillar, Sandia CRADA Opens Door to Multiple Research Projects On April 17, 2013, in Capabilities, Computational Modeling & Simulation, CRF, Materials...

444

Optimizing Low Temperature Diesel Combustion  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Diesel Particulate Filter Regenerations," SAE Paper 2007-01-3970, SAE Fall Powertrain and Fluids Systems Conference, Chicago, IL, Oct. 2007. * "Comprehensive Characterization of...

445

Electrically-Assisted Diesel Particulate Filter Regeneration...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Evaluation pm041lance2011p.pdf More Documents & Publications Electrically-Assisted Diesel Particulate Filter Regeneration Substrate Studies of an Electrically-Assisted Diesel...

446

Toxic components in diesel exhaust fumes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To control diesel-engine toxicity, a computation method is proposed for the concentration of toxic components in diesel exhaust fumes, on the basis of external engine...

A. F. Dorokhov; E. V. Klimova

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Electrochemical NOx Sensor for Monitoring Diesel Emissions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

fuel economy - Completely compatible with biodiesel Estimate diesel light-vehicle penetration to increase from 3% (2007) to 14% by 2017 * Problem: Diesel technology is...

448

Optimization of Advanced Diesel Engine Combustion Strategies...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Optimization of Advanced Diesel Engine Combustion Strategies Optimization of Advanced Diesel Engine Combustion Strategies 2010 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen Programs Annual...

449

Catalytic Filter for Diesel Exhaust Purification | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Filter for Diesel Exhaust Purification This project is developing a precious metal-free passive diesel particulate filter. deer09fokema.pdf More Documents & Publications...

450

Evaluation of Fuel Cell Auxiliary Power Units for Heavy-Duty Diesel Trucks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

diesel fuel consumption, lubricant changes, and enginefuel consumption, and costs associated with diesel engineDiesel Idling diesel consumption Diesel fuel cost Lubricant cost Engine

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #491: October 15, 2007 Gasoline Prices:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1: October 15, 1: October 15, 2007 Gasoline Prices: U.S. and Selected European Countries to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #491: October 15, 2007 Gasoline Prices: U.S. and Selected European Countries on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #491: October 15, 2007 Gasoline Prices: U.S. and Selected European Countries on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #491: October 15, 2007 Gasoline Prices: U.S. and Selected European Countries on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #491: October 15, 2007 Gasoline Prices: U.S. and Selected European Countries on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #491: October 15, 2007 Gasoline Prices: U.S. and Selected European Countries on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #491:

452

Demand and Price Outlook for Phase 2 Reformulated Gasoline, 2000  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Demand and Price Outlook for Demand and Price Outlook for Phase 2 Reformulated Gasoline, 2000 Tancred Lidderdale and Aileen Bohn (1) Contents * Summary * Introduction * Reformulated Gasoline Demand * Oxygenate Demand * Logistics o Interstate Movements and Storage o Local Distribution o Phase 2 RFG Logistics o Possible Opt-Ins to the RFG Program o State Low Sulfur, Low RVP Gasoline Initiatives o NAAQS o Tier 2 Gasoline * RFG Production Options o Toxic Air Pollutants (TAP) Reduction o Nitrogen Oxides (NOx) Reduction o Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) Reduction o Summary of RFG Production Options * Costs of Reformulated Gasoline o Phase 1 RFG Price Premium o California Clean Gasoline Price Premium o Phase 2 RFG Price Premium o Reduced Fuel Economy

453

Reformulated diesel fuel and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for mathematically identifying at least one diesel fuel suitable for combustion in an automotive diesel engine with significantly reduced emissions and producible from known petroleum blendstocks using known refining processes, including the use of cetane additives (ignition improvers) and oxygenated compounds.

McAdams, Hiramie T [Carrollton, IL; Crawford, Robert W [Tucson, AZ; Hadder, Gerald R [Oak Ridge, TN; McNutt, Barry D [Arlington, VA

2006-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

454

Diesel prices continue to rise  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices continue to rise The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 4.16 a gallon on Monday. That's up 5.3 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly...

455

Diesel prices up this week  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices up this week The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose sharply to 4.10 a gallon on Monday. That's up 8.2 cents from a week ago and 17.7 cents...

456

Energy Department Announces First Regional Gasoline Reserve to...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Ernest Moniz today announced the creation of the first federal regional refined petroleum product reserve containing gasoline. Based on the Energy Department's lessons...

457

Impacts of Ethanol in Gasoline on Subsurface Contamination.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The increasing use of ethanol as a gasoline additive has raised concerns over the potential impacts ethanol might have on groundwater contamination. In North America,… (more)

Freitas, Juliana Gardenalli de

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

TRUCK ROUTING PROBLEM IN DISTRIBUTION OF GASOLINE TO GAS STATIONS.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis aims at finding a daily routing plan for a fleet of vehicles delivering gasoline to gas stations for an oil company, satisfying all… (more)

Janakiraman, Swagath

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Gasoline Ultra Fuel Efficient Vehicle | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

1 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation ace064confer2011o.pdf More Documents & Publications Gasoline...

460

Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting ace063smith2012o.pdf More Documents & Publications Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline diesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation ace063smith2011o.pdf More Documents & Publications Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel...

462

Reductant Chemistry during LNT Regeneration for a Lean Gasoline...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Oak Ridge National Laboratory VW Scholar at the University of Tennessee Reductant Chemistry during LNT Regeneration for a Lean Gasoline Engine Poster P-09 2010 DEER Directions...

463

Gasoline-Like Fuel Effects on Advanced Combustion Regimes | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Regimes Gasoline-Like Fuel Effects on Advanced Combustion Regimes 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer...

464

Gasoline-like fuel effects on advanced combustion regimes | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

regimes Gasoline-like fuel effects on advanced combustion regimes 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer...

465

Geographic Area Month Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Month Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End...

466

Suicidal Inhalation of Motorbike Exhaust: Adding New Data to the Literature about the Contribution of Gasoline in the Cause of Death  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......for volatile hydrocarbons in general, in deaths involving inhalation...for volatile hydrocarbons in general, in deaths involving inhalation...CO. However small motor- cycles,such as the one involvedin...Weeks.Acute overexposureto diesel ex- haust: report of 13 cases......

María A. Martínez; Salomé Ballesteros

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

A Comparison of Two Gasoline and Two Diesel Cars with Varying...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

(Sweden) Volkswagen (Sweden) F F Klaus Klaus - - Peter Schindler, Volkswagen, Germany Peter Schindler, Volkswagen, Germany F F John Fairbanks, DOE John Fairbanks, DOE 2002...

468

Production of Gasoline and Diesel from Biomass via Fast Pyrolysis, Hydrotreating and Hydrocracking: A Design Case  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The goal of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) is to enable the development of biomass technologies.

469

Fact #576: June 22, 2009 Carbon Dioxide from Gasoline and Diesel...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

released into the atmosphere by a vehicle is primarily determined by the carbon content of the fuel. However, there is a small portion of the fuel that is not oxidized into...

470

High Efficiency Clean Combustion Engine Designs for Gasoline and Diesel Engines  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, May 18-22, 2009 -- Washington D.C.

471

Retail Diesel Fuel Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Along with heating oil prices, the distillate supply squeeze has Along with heating oil prices, the distillate supply squeeze has severely impacted diesel fuel prices, especially in the Northeast. Retail diesel price data are available sooner than residential heating oil data. This graph shows that diesel prices turned the corner sometime after February 7 and are heading down. Retail diesel fuel prices nationally, along with those of most other petroleum prices, increased steadily through most of 1999. Prices jumped dramatically (by over 11 cents per gallon) in the third week of January, and rose 2 or more cents a week through February 7. The increases were much more rapid in the Northeast. From January 17 through February 7, diesel fuel prices in New England rose nearly 68 cents per gallon, or 47 percent. Prices in the Mid-Atlantic region rose about 58

472

Federal Tax Credit for Diesels  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diesels Diesels Diesel Vehicle Federal tax credit up to $3,400! Some diesels purchased or placed into service after December 31, 2005 may be eligible for a federal income tax credit of up to $3,400. (No eligible vehicles were manufactured for sale until 2008.) Credit amounts begin to phase out for a given manufacturer once it has sold over 60,000 eligible hybrid and diesel vehicles. Vehicles purchased after December 31, 2010 are not eligible for this credit. The information below is provided for those filing amended tax returns for previous years. Audi BMW Mercedes-Benz Volkswagen All Vehicle Make & Model Full Credit Phase Out No Credit 50% 25% Audi Jan. 1, 2006 July 1 - Dec. 31, 2010 Not Applicable Jan. 1, 2011 Audi A3 TDI 2010-11 Audi A3 2.0L TDI $1,300 $650 -- $0

473

"Performance, Emission and Particle distribution of Diesel Engines Fueled with Diesel-Dimethoxymethane (DMM) Blends"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Xibin Wang "Performance, Emission and Particle distribution of Diesel Engines Fueled with Diesel-Dimethoxymethane (DMM) Blends" Abstract : Combustion, performance and emission were studied for DI diesel engine fuelled with DMM/diesel fuel blends for DMM content from 0 to 50%. Results showed that, for diesel engine with fuel

474

Heavy Duty Diesels- The Road Ahead  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This presentation gives a landscape picture of diesel engine technologies from the Daimler point of view.

475

Diesel-electric marine propulsion grows in popularity  

SciTech Connect

A recent conference on electric ship propulsion held in London highlighted the big strides made in this field in the last few years. What has given the technology a tremendous fillip in recent years is the new generation of ac/ac electrical drives resulting from the development of reliable high-power semiconductor devices and their associated control systems. Diesel-electric propulsion systems provide flexibility both for the operation of the vessel and in the layout of the main components - gen-sets, converters, switchgear and propulsion motors, for example. Furthermore, the system enables the `power station` philosophy to be applied, with propulsion and all ship`s services being supplied from one power source. This paper discusses the main diesel electric systems available today.

Mullins, P.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Conversion of methanol to gasoline commercial plant study. Coal to gasoline via methanol  

SciTech Connect

Under the joint sponsorship of the German Federal Minister of Research and Technology (BMFT) and the US Department of Energy (DOE), a research program was initiated concerning the ''Conversion of Methanol to Gasoline (MTG), Engineering, Construction and Operation of a Demonstration Plant''. The purpose of the 100 BPD demonstration plant was to demonstrate the feasibility of and to obtain data required for scale-up of the fluid-bed MTG process to a commercial size plant. As per requirements of Annex 3 of the Governmental Agreement, this study, in addition to the MTG plant, also includes the facilities for the production of methanol. The feedstock basis for the production of methanol shall be coal. Hence this study deals with the production of gasoline from coal (CTG-Coal to Gasoline). The basic objective of this study is to assess the technical feasibility of the conversion of methanol to gasoline in a fluid-bed system and to evaluate the process economies i.e., to evlauate the price of the product in relation to the price of the feedstock and plant capacity. In connection with technical feasibility, the scale up criteria were developed from the results obtained and experience gathered over an operational period of 8600 hours of the ''100 BPD Demonstration Plant''. The scale up philosophy is detailed in chapter 4. The conditions selected for the design of the MTG unit are detailed in chapter 5. The scope of the study covers the production of gasoline from coal, in which MTG section is dealt with in detail (refer to chapter 5). Information on other plant sections in this study are limited to that sufficient to: generate overall mass balance; generate rate of by-products and effluents; incorporate heat integration; generate consumption figures; and establish plant investment cost.

Thiagarajan, N.; Nitschke, E.

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Clearing the Air? The Effects of Gasoline Content Regulation on Air Quality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

15 for retail gasoline stations and May 1 – September 15 forof one if retail gasoline stations in county c are requiredseason for retail gasoline distribution stations is June 1 -

Auffhammer, Maximilian; Kellogg, Ryan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Do Gasoline Prices Resond Asymmetrically to Cost Shocks? The Confounding Effect of Edgeworth Cycles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

t as determined by gasoline stations is unlikely to beshows a map of all gasoline stations i n central and easterni n Figure 5: Toronto Gasoline Stations Canadian cents per

Noel, Michael

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Improving Accuracy in the Determination of Aromatics in Gasoline by Gas Chromatography—Mass Spectrometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......was composed of five gasoline blendstocks: light straight run (LSR) naphtha...consisted of the 21 gasoline fuels used in various...naphtha; LSR, light straight run naphtha; reformate...Because these common gasoline blendstocks contain......

Michael D. Mathiesen; Axel J. Lubeck

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Blended Straight-Run Gasolines with Composite Additives Containing Watery Ethanol  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cranking and antiknock properties of gasoline-alcohol blends based on straight-run gasoline with additives containing watery ethanol and other ... components are studied. The composition of the gasoline-alcohol b...

Yu. O. Beiko; A. P. Pavlovskii; O. A. Beiko

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motor gasoline diesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicle Availability  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Diesel Vehicle Diesel Vehicle Availability to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicle Availability on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicle Availability on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicle Availability on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicle Availability on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicle Availability on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicle Availability on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Emissions Laws & Incentives Diesel Vehicle Availability According to J.D. Power Automotive Forecasting, demand for light-duty diesel vehicles might double in the next 10 years. More auto manufacturers

482

North American Market Challenges for Diesel Engines | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

North American Market Challenges for Diesel Engines North American Market Challenges for Diesel Engines 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentation: Gale...

483

Future Breathing System Requirements for Clean Diesel Engines...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Breathing System Requirements for Clean Diesel Engines Future Breathing System Requirements for Clean Diesel Engines Poster presentation at the 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency &...

484

Achieving High-Effiency Clean Ccombustion in Diesel Engines ...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Achieving High-Effiency Clean Ccombustion in Diesel Engines Achieving High-Effiency Clean Ccombustion in Diesel Engines 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference...

485

Technical Challenges and Opportunities Light-Duty Diesel Engines...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Challenges and Opportunities Light-Duty Diesel Engines in North America Technical Challenges and Opportunities Light-Duty Diesel Engines in North America 2005 Diesel Engine...

486

SCR & DPF RETROFITS FOR MOBILE DIESEL ENGINES | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SCR & DPF RETROFITS FOR MOBILE DIESEL ENGINES SCR & DPF RETROFITS FOR MOBILE DIESEL ENGINES 2005 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentations and Posters...

487

Engine Materials for Clean Diesel Technology: An Overview | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Materials for Clean Diesel Technology: An Overview Engine Materials for Clean Diesel Technology: An Overview Presentation given at the 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency & Emissions...

488

Update on 2007 Diesel Particulate Measurement Research | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

2007 Diesel Particulate Measurement Research Update on 2007 Diesel Particulate Measurement Research 2005 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentations and...

489

An Improvement of Diesel PM and NOx Reduction System | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

& Publications Development on simultaneous reduction system of NOx and PM from a diesel engine An Improvement of Diesel PM and NOx Reduction System New Diesel Emissions...

490

Predicting Thermal Stress in Diesel Particulate Filters | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Thermal Stress in Diesel Particulate Filters Predicting Thermal Stress in Diesel Particulate Filters 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentation: Corning...

491

Cummins Light Truck Clean Diesel | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Light Truck Clean Diesel Cummins Light Truck Clean Diesel 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentation 2004deerstang2.pdf More Documents & Publications...

492

Synthesis and Evaluation of Wax Dispersant for Diesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Synthesis and Evaluation of Wax Dispersant for Diesel ... We can predict that the sensitivity of diesels A and C will be better than that of diesel B. ...

Wangang Zheng; Shujun Wang; Jie Liu; Fanbin Meng; Yanshan Li; Huanqing Ma; Ting Li

2014-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

493

The State of the Science in Diesel Particulate Control | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

The State of the Science in Diesel Particulate Control The State of the Science in Diesel Particulate Control 2005 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentations...

494

Regulated Emissions from Diesel and Compressed Natural Gas Transit...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Emissions from Diesel and Compressed Natural Gas Transit Buses Regulated Emissions from Diesel and Compressed Natural Gas Transit Buses Poster presentaiton at the 2007 Diesel...

495

Lubricant Formulation and Consumption Effects on Diesel Exhaust...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Lubricant Formulation and Consumption Effects on Diesel Exhaust Ash Emissions: Lubricant Formulation and Consumption Effects on Diesel Exhaust Ash Emissions: 2005 Diesel Engine...

496

Neutron Imaging of Diesel Particulate Filters | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Neutron Imaging of Diesel Particulate Filters Neutron Imaging of Diesel Particulate Filters Neutron computed tomography shows soot and ash loading in a cordierite diesel...

497

Impact of Clean Diesel Technology on Climate Change | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Clean Diesel Technology on Climate Change Impact of Clean Diesel Technology on Climate Change 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentation: Brookhaven...

498

Alloy Foam Diesel Emissions Control School Bus Implementation...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Alloy Foam Diesel Emissions Control School Bus Implementation Alloy Foam Diesel Emissions Control School Bus Implementation Poster presentation from the 2007 Diesel...

499

How Exhaust Emissions Drive Diesel Engine Fuel Efficiency | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

How Exhaust Emissions Drive Diesel Engine Fuel Efficiency How Exhaust Emissions Drive Diesel Engine Fuel Efficiency 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference...

500

Perspectives Regarding Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction in the...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Perspectives Regarding Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction in the Northeast Perspectives Regarding Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction in the Northeast 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions...