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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motion kinetic en" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Seasonal Kinetic Energy Variability of Near-Inertial Motions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Seasonal variability of near-inertial horizontal kinetic energy is examined using observations from a series of McLane Moored Profiler moorings located at 39°N, 69°W in the western North Atlantic Ocean in combination with a one-dimensional, depth-...

Katherine E. Silverthorne; John M. Toole

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Motion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Motion ofmagnetic domain wallsin thin, narro wstr ips -p .7/30 Pulse-Dri ven Wall ... domain wallsin thin, narro wstr ips -p .8/30 Pulse-Dri ven Wall ...

2004-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

3

Pressure Fluctuations during Coherent Motions and Their Effects on the Budgets of Turbulent Kinetic Energy and Momentum Flux within a Forest Canopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pressure fluctuations associated with coherent motions within a forest canopy at Camp Borden, Canada, are retrieved from tower measurements of velocities and temperatures using the governing equations. The retrieved pressure fluctuations consist ...

Y. Zhuang; B. D. Amiro

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Motion graphs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present a novel method for creating realistic, controllable motion. Given a corpus of motion capture data, we automatically construct a directed graph called a motion graph that encapsulates connections among the database. The ... Keywords: animation with constraints, motion capture, motion synthesis

Lucas Kovar; Michael Gleicher; Frédéric Pighin

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Piezoelectric step-motion actuator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A step-motion actuator using piezoelectric material to launch a flight mass which, in turn, actuates a drive pawl to progressively engage and drive a toothed wheel or rod to accomplish stepped motion. Thus, the piezoelectric material converts electrical energy into kinetic energy of the mass, and the drive pawl and toothed wheel or rod convert the kinetic energy of the mass into the desired rotary or linear stepped motion. A compression frame may be secured about the piezoelectric element and adapted to pre-compress the piezoelectric material so as to reduce tensile loads thereon. A return spring may be used to return the mass to its resting position against the compression frame or piezoelectric material following launch. Alternative embodiment are possible, including an alternative first embodiment wherein two masses are launched in substantially different directions, and an alternative second embodiment wherein the mass is eliminated in favor of the piezoelectric material launching itself.

Mentesana; Charles P. (Leawood, KS)

2006-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

6

Danotek Motion Technologies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Danotek Motion Technologies Danotek Motion Technologies Jump to: navigation, search Name Danotek Motion Technologies Place Ann Arbor, Michigan Zip 48103 Sector Wind energy Product Founded in 2001, Danotek develops electrical conversion systems, including generators, brushless motors, and electronics controls, for the wind power, fuel cell, and power storage markets. References Danotek Motion Technologies[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Danotek Motion Technologies is a company located in Ann Arbor, Michigan . References ↑ "Danotek Motion Technologies" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Danotek_Motion_Technologies&oldid=344069"

7

Topobo : a 3-D constructive assembly system with kinetic memory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce Topobo, a 3-D constructive assembly system em- bedded with kinetic memory, the ability to record and playback physical motion. Unique among modeling systems is Topobo's coincident physical input and output ...

Raffle, Hayes Solos, 1974-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Kinetic Economies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study a minimalist kinetic model for economies. A system of agents with local trading rules display emergent demand behaviour. We examine the resulting wealth distribution to look for non-thermal behaviour. We compare and contrast this model with other similar models.

Abdullah, Wan Ahmad Tajuddin Wan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Ocean Circulation Kinetic Energy: Reservoirs, Sources,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The coupling of the generation of different energy forms in the dynamics (in either balanced or wave motions are almost nonexistent in the ocean. www.annualreviews.org · Ocean Circulation Kinetic Energy 255 Annu.Rev.Fluid processes? Are the seemingly different dynamical ranges coupled? 2. THE OCEANIC ENERGY BUDGET We begin

Ferrari, Raffaele

10

Motion in Quantum Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We tackle the question of motion in Quantum Gravity: what does motion mean at the Planck scale? Although we are still far from a complete answer we consider here a toy model in which the problem can be formulated and resolved precisely. The setting of the toy model is three dimensional Euclidean gravity. Before studying the model in detail, we argue that Loop Quantum Gravity may provide a very useful approach when discussing the question of motion in Quantum Gravity.

Karim Noui

2010-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

11

Exact results for parallel-chain kinetic models of biological transport Anatoly B. Kolomeisky  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-state models. Thus, the application of phenomenological simple chemical kinetic models20­22,25 which provide ``chemical'' approach is based on a kinetic multistate description of the molecular motor transport.17 or conformations leads to the motion of motor proteins. In the simplest chemical kinetic model see Fig. 1 , a motor

12

Energy of tsunami waves generated by bottom motion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

generation models. Theoretical and Computational Fluid Dynamics, 21:245­269, 2007. Z. Kowalik, W. Knight, TEnergy of tsunami waves generated by bottom motion By Denys Dutykh, Fr´ed´eric Dias CMLA, ENS investigation on the energy of waves generated by bottom motion is performed here. We start with the full

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

13

Ground Motion Workshop  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2nd Advanced ICFA Beam Dynamics Workshop 2nd Advanced ICFA Beam Dynamics Workshop on Ground Motion in Future Accelerators November 6 - 9, 2000 SLAC Coordinators: Andrei Seryi & Tor Raubenheimer Proceedings Updated June 26, 2001 Agenda and Presentations Workshop photos Summaries Useful links Poster Goals Introduction to the problems Structure Registration Registered participants Committees Location, Accommodations and Travel Workshop on Ground Motion in Future Accelerators A workshop was held at SLAC that was devoted to ground motion and its effects on future accelerators. Ground motion and vibration can be a limiting effect in synchrotron light sources, hadron circular colliders, and electron/positron linear colliders. Over the last several years, there has been significant progress in the understanding of the ground motion and its effects, however, there are

14

MHK Technologies/Blue Motion Energy marine turbine | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Motion Energy marine turbine Motion Energy marine turbine < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Blue Motion Energy marine turbine.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Blue Motion Energy Technology Resource Click here Current Technology Type Click here Cross Flow Turbine Technology Description The Blue Motion Energy marine turbine however uses a patented system of seawalls A placed radial around the vertically mounted rotor B this way it is possible to funnel the current and significantly increase the flow velocity independent of the direction of the current Technology Dimensions Device Testing Date Submitted 59:30.2 << Return to the MHK database homepage Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=MHK_Technologies/Blue_Motion_Energy_marine_turbine&oldid=681547

15

Programmable motion effects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although animation is one of the most compelling aspects of computer graphics, the possibilities for depicting the movement that make dynamic scenes so exciting remain limited for both still images and animations. In our work, we experiment with motion ...

Johannes Schmid; Robert W. Sumner; Huw Bowles; Markus Gross

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Motion and attention in a kinetic videoconferencing proxy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Compared to collocated interaction, videoconferencing disrupts the ability to use gaze and gestures to mediate interaction, direct reactions to specific people, and provide a sense of presence for the satellite (i.e., remote) participant. We developed ... Keywords: gaze awareness, proxy, telepresence, video-mediated communication, videoconferencing

David Sirkin; Gina Venolia; John Tang; George Robertson; Taemie Kim; Kori Inkpen; Mara Sedlins; Bongshin Lee; Mike Sinclair

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Plasma Kinetic Theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Kinetic Theory / Proceedings of the Ninth Carolus Magnus Summer School on Plasma and Fusion Energy Physics

B. Weyssow

18

An Approach to Kinetic Energy Diagnosis of Meso–Synoptic Scale interactions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To explicitly describe the energy exchange between meso and synoptic-scale motions, a diagnostic scheme of kinetic energy has been developed. By using a horizontal filtering technique, meteorological variables are separated into synoptic and ...

Shou-Jun Chen; Le-Sheng Bai; Ernest C. Kung

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

VIIRS Captures Aurora Motions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It has been found that the Day/Night Band of the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite is capable of observing rapid motions of the aurora. The images that led to this discovery are shown. Shifts in the apparent position of the aurora boundary between ...

Curtis J. Seaman; Steven D. Miller

20

spatial experience motion body  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

elements were examined in terms of architectural space and in respect to the tension .... The tension or energy fields of the inserted objects enter into a relationship and ...... The search for form based on the flows of motion and other external ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motion kinetic en" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

The aMotion toolkit: painting with affective motion textures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Visual artists and designers frequently use carefully crafted motion textures -- patterns of ambient motion throughout a scene -- to imbue the atmosphere with affect. The design of such ambient visual cues is an elusive topic that has been studied by ...

Matt Lockyer; Lyn Bartram

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Plasma Kinetic Theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Basic and Kinetic Theory / Proceedings of the Tenth Carolus Magnus Summer School on Plasma and Fusion Energy Physics

B. Weyssow

23

Computational Thermodynamics and Kinetics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 31, 2011 ... About this Symposium. Meeting, 2012 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium, Computational Thermodynamics and Kinetics.

24

Chapter 13. Chemical Kinetics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of chemical reactions. · Only gases, for which the kinetic theory of Chapter 4 is applicable, are consideredChapter 13. Chemical Kinetics #12;· Why do some chemical reactions proceed with lighting speed when the way in which molecules combine to form products? · All of these questions involve chemical kinetics

Ihee, Hyotcherl

25

Painterly animation using motion maps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Starting from an input video, we replicate the manual technique of paint-on-glass animation. Motion maps are used to represent the regions where changes occur between frames. Edges are the key to identifying frame-to-frame changes, and a strong motion ... Keywords: Metamorphosis, Motion map, Non-photorealistic rendering & animation, Painterly rendering & animation, Strong edges

Youngsup Park; Kyunghyun Yoon

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Invertible motion blur in video  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We show that motion blur in successive video frames is invertible even if the point-spread function (PSF) due to motion smear in a single photo is non-invertible. Blurred photos exhibit nulls (zeros) in the frequency transform of the PSF, leading to ... Keywords: PSF, PSF estimation, computational photography, invertibility, motion deblurring

Amit Agrawal; Yi Xu; Ramesh Raskar

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

CEUS Ground Motion Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Three utilities are currently pursuing early site permits (ESPs) for possible siting of new nuclear power plant facilities in the central and eastern United States (CEUS). The geological, seismological, and engineering characteristics of a site and its environs must be investigated in sufficient scope and detail. These investigations are needed to adequately evaluate a proposed site and to provide sufficient information for estimating the site's safe shutdown earthquake (SSE) ground motion. Nuclear Regul...

2003-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

28

Liouville Brownian motion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct a stochastic process, called the Liouville Brownian motion which we conjecture to be the scaling limit of random walks on large planar maps which are embedded in the euclidean plane or in the sphere in a conformal manner. Our construction works for all universality classes of planar maps satisfying $\\gamma standard two-dimensional brownian motion $B_t$ depending on the local behaviour of the Liouville measure "$M_\\gamma(dz) = e^{\\gamma X} dz$" (where $X$ is a Gaussien Free Field, say on $\\S^2$). A significant part of the paper focuses on extending this construction simultaneously to all points $x\\in \\R^2$ or $\\S^2$ in such a way that one obtains a semi-group $P_\\t$ (the Liouville semi-group). We prove that the associated Markov process is a Feller diffusion for all $\\gammaright quantum gravity diffusion to consider). This Liouville Brownian motion enables us to give sense to part of the celebrated Feynman path integrals which are at the root of Liouville quantum gravity, the Liouville Brownian ones. Finally we believe that this work sheds some new light on the difficult problem of constructing a quantum metric out of the exponential of a Gaussian Free Field (see conjecture \\ref{c.metric}).

Christophe Garban; Rémi Rhodes; Vincent Vargas

2013-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

29

Pit disassembly motion control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Department of Energy (DOE) Pit Disassembly and Conversion Facility (PDCF) is being designed for the Savannah River Site in South Carolina. The facility will recover plutonium from excess nuclear weapon pits defined in START II and START III treaties. The plutonium will be stored and used to produce mixed oxide reactor fuel at another new DOE facility. Because of radiation dose issues, much of the pit disassembly work and material transfer will be automated. Automated material handling systems will interface with disassembly lathes, conversion reactors that produce oxide for storage, robotic container welding stations, vault retrieval systems, and nondestructive assay (NDA) instrumentation. The goal is to use common motion control hardware for material transfer and possibly common motion controllers for the unique PDCF systems. The latter is complicated by the different directions manufactures are considering for distributed control, such as Firewire, SERCOS, etc., and by the unique control requirements of machines such as lathes compared to controls for an integrated NDA system. The current design approach is to standardize where possible, use network cables to replace wire bundles where possible, but to first select hardware and motion controllers that meet specific machine or process requirements.

Christensen, L. (Lowell); Pittman, P. C. (Pete C.)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

A generative model for dynamic canvas motion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present techniques for constructing realistic canvas and paper models and for enabling interactive dynamic canvas motion. Dynamic canvas motion means that there is a correspondence between the motion of canvas features and the motion of the models ...

Matthew Kaplan; Elaine Cohen

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

New Methods in Motion Tracking to Generate Motion-Corrected ...  

can result in measurement error or inability to properly track motion ... modeling of human diseases Patents James S. Goddard and Justin S. Baba. ...

32

The Transformation of Tropical Storm Agnes into an Extratropical Cyclone. Part II: Moisture, Vorticity and Kinetic Energy Budgets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Moisture, vorticity and kinetic energy budgets are constructed to diagnose the transformation of tropical storm Agnes (June 1972) into an extratropical cyclone in this second of two papers on Agnes. The vertical motions and divergent wind ...

Geoffrey J. DiMego; Lance F. Bosart

1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Computational Thermodynamics and Kinetics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Comprehensive Investigation of Low Angle Grain Boundary Mobility in Pure Al ... A New Treatment for the Kinetics of Isothermal Oxidation of Zinc Powders.

34

Structure and Kinetics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 4, 2013 ... Materials Science in Reduced Gravity: Structure and Kinetics ... Bias fields comprise weak interface energy sources that result from the vector ...

35

Correspondence-free Structure from Motion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a novel approach for the estimation of 3D-motion directly from two images using the Radon transform. The feasibility of any camera motion is computed by integrating over all feature pairs that satisfy the epipolar constraint. This integration ... Keywords: correspondence-free motion, harmonic analysis, motion estimation, registration, structure from motion

Ameesh Makadia; Christopher Geyer; Kostas Daniilidis

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Thermodynamic and Kinetic Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 11, 2012... capability of the coating and thus the achievable engine efficiency. ... Aluminide coating of steels enables more efficient power generation through ... and kinetic modeling in order to build a time and temperature dependent ...

37

Thermodynamic & Kinetic Data for Sustainable Energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thermodynamic & Kinetic Data for Sustainable Energy. Summary: Industry needs thermodynamic and kinetic data for the ...

2012-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

38

Role of Brownian Motion Hydrodynamics on Nanofluid Thermal Conductivity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We use a simple kinetic theory based analysis of heat flow in fluid suspensions of solid nanoparticles (nanofluids) to demonstrate that the hydrodynamics effects associated with Brownian motion have a minor effect on the thermal conductivity of the nanofluid. Our conjecture is supported by the results of molecular dynamics simulations of heat flow in a model nanofluid with well-dispersed particles. Our findings are consistent with the predictions of the effective medium theory as well as with recent experimental results on well dispersed metal nanoparticle suspensions.

W Evans, J Fish, P Keblinski

2005-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

39

Pebble-bed pebble motion: Simulation and Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pebble bed reactors (PBR) have moving graphite fuel pebbles. This unique feature provides advantages, but also means that simulation of the reactor requires understanding the typical motion and location of the granular flow of pebbles. This report presents a method for simulation of motion of the pebbles in a PBR. A new mechanical motion simulator, PEBBLES, efficiently simulates the key elements of motion of the pebbles in a PBR. This model simulates gravitational force and contact forces including kinetic and true static friction. It's used for a variety of tasks including simulation of the effect of earthquakes on a PBR, calculation of packing fractions, Dancoff factors, pebble wear and the pebble force on the walls. The simulator includes a new differential static friction model for the varied geometries of PBRs. A new static friction benchmark was devised via analytically solving the mechanics equations to determine the minimum pebble-to-pebble friction and pebble-to-surface friction for a five pebble pyramid. This pyramid check as well as a comparison to the Janssen formula was used to test the new static friction equations. Because larger pebble bed simulations involve hundreds of thousands of pebbles and long periods of time, the PEBBLES code has been parallelized. PEBBLES runs on shared memory architectures and distributed memory architectures. For the shared memory architecture, the code uses a new O(n) lock-less parallel collision detection algorithm to determine which pebbles are likely to be in contact. The new collision detection algorithm improves on the traditional non-parallel O(n log(n)) collision detection algorithm. These features combine to form a fast parallel pebble motion simulation. The PEBBLES code provides new capabilities for understanding and optimizing PBRs. The PEBBLES code has provided the pebble motion data required to calculate the motion of pebbles during a simulated earthquake. The PEBBLES code provides the ability to determine the contact forces and the lengths of motion in contact. This information combined with the proper wear coefficients can be used to determine the dust production from mechanical wear. These new capabilities enhance the understanding of PBRs, and the capabilities of the code will allow future improvements in understanding.

Joshua J. Cogliati; Abderrafi M. Ougouag

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Kinetic Alfven double layer formed by electron viscosity  

SciTech Connect

The effect of the electron viscosity on the kinetic Alfven solitary wave is investigated. It is found that small electron viscosity changes the electron motion along the magnetic field producing a boundary layer, and thus that in a low beta electron-ion plasma({beta} Much-Less-Than m{sub e}/m{sub i}), an obliquely propagating kinetic solitary Alfven wave can become a double layer. This double layer can exist in the sub-Alfvenic and super-Alfvenic regimes. The length scale of density drop for this double layer is on the order of that of the conventional kinetic solitary Alfven wave, and thus this double layer can accelerate electrons on a very short length scale.

Woo, M. H.; Ryu, C.-M. [Department of Physics, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang 790-784 (Korea, Republic of); Choi, C. R. [Department of Physics, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Taejon 305-701 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motion kinetic en" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Erbium hydride decomposition kinetics.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Thermal desorption spectroscopy (TDS) is used to study the decomposition kinetics of erbium hydride thin films. The TDS results presented in this report are analyzed quantitatively using Redhead's method to yield kinetic parameters (E{sub A} {approx} 54.2 kcal/mol), which are then utilized to predict hydrogen outgassing in vacuum for a variety of thermal treatments. Interestingly, it was found that the activation energy for desorption can vary by more than 7 kcal/mol (0.30 eV) for seemingly similar samples. In addition, small amounts of less-stable hydrogen were observed for all erbium dihydride films. A detailed explanation of several approaches for analyzing thermal desorption spectra to obtain kinetic information is included as an appendix.

Ferrizz, Robert Matthew

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

INTERPLAY OF THREE KINDS OF MOTION IN THE DISK COUNTERPART OF TYPE II SPICULES: UPFLOW, TRANSVERSAL, AND TORSIONAL MOTIONS  

SciTech Connect

Recently, it was shown that the complex dynamical behavior of spicules has to be interpreted as the result of simultaneous action of three kinds of motion: (1) field aligned flows, (2) swaying motions, and (3) torsional motions. We use high-quality observations from the CRisp Imaging SpectroPolarimeter at the Swedish 1-m Solar Telescope to investigate signs of these different kinetic modes in spicules on the disk. Earlier, rapid blue-shifted excursions (RBEs), short-lived absorption features in the blue wing of chromospheric spectral lines, were identified as the disk counterpart of type II spicules. Here we report the existence of similar absorption features in the red wing of the Ca II 8542 and H{alpha} lines: rapid redshifted excursions (RREs). RREs are found over the whole solar disk and are located in the same regions as RBEs: in the vicinity of magnetic field concentrations. RREs have similar characteristics as RBEs: they have similar lengths, widths, lifetimes, and average Doppler velocity. The striking similarity of RREs to RBEs implies that RREs are a manifestation of the same physical phenomenon and that spicules harbor motions that can result in a net redshift when observed on-disk. We find that RREs are less abundant than RBEs: the RRE/RBE detection count ratio is about 0.52 at disk center and 0.74 near the limb. We interpret the higher number of RBEs and the decreased imbalance toward the limb as an indication that field-aligned upflows have a significant contribution to the net Dopplershift of the structure. Most RREs and RBEs are observed in isolation, but we find many examples of parallel and touching RRE/RBE pairs which appear to be part of the same spicule. We interpret the existence of these RRE/RBE pairs and the observation that many RREs and RBEs have varying Dopplershift along their width as signs that torsional motion is an important characteristic of spicules. The fact that most RBEs and RREs are observed in isolation agrees with the idea that transversal swaying motion is another important kinetic mode. We find examples of transitions from RRE to RBE and vice versa. These transitions sometimes appear to propagate along the structure with speeds between 18 and 108 km s{sup -1} and can be interpreted as the sign of a transverse (Alfvenic) wave.

Sekse, D. H.; Rouppe van der Voort, L.; De Pontieu, B.; Scullion, E. [Institute of Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1029 Blindern, N-0315 Oslo (Norway)

2013-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

43

The Universe Adventure - Galaxial Motion  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bulk Motions of Galaxies Bulk Motions of Galaxies Galaxy Diagram The Structure of a typical Spiral Galaxy. Galaxies are most often found in clusters and are thus subject to gravitational forces from their neighbors. The relative motion that results from these interactions causes deviations from the cosmological principle called bulk flow. Measuring the peculiar velocities enables cosmologists to calculate the masses of interacting galaxies. Using this technique scientists can estimate the total density of matter in the Universe. During the recombination epoch, the Universe had cooled sufficiently for nucleosynthesis to occur. However, this process produces only a few elements, and looking at the abundance of these elements today is indicative of the rate of nucleosynthesis and the amount of baryonic mass

44

Microsoft Word - Motion to Intervene  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ELECTRICITY DELIVERY AND ENERGY RELIABILITY ELECTRICITY DELIVERY AND ENERGY RELIABILITY Northern Pass Transmission LLC OE Docket No. PP-371 Application for Presidential Permit MOTION TO INTERVENE Pursuant to Rule 214 of the Rules of Practice and Procedure of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (18CFR 385.214) we (Stephen Buzzell and Lelah Sullivan) do hereby file this motion to intervene. In support of this motion, we state as follows: 1. Notices, correspondence and other communications All notices, correspondence, communications and other information concerning this proceeding should be directed to: Stephen Buzzell and Lelah Sullivan, 36 Buzzell Lane, Eliot, ME 03903. Telephone: 207-641-7036, email: 1s2buzzell3@comcast.net. 2. Movant's interest We own a vacation home [43 Gingerbread Rd. ,Easton, NH] that is directly on the right away of the

45

LWZ-0021 Motion to Dismiss  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sandia National Laboratories Sandia National Laboratories DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Motions to Dismiss Names of Petitioners: Sandia National Laboratories L & M Technologies, Inc. Dates of Filing: August 11, 1993 August 17, 1993 Case Numbers: LWZ-0021 LWZ-0022 This determination will consider two Motions to Dismiss filed by Sandia National Laboratories (Sandia) and L & M Technologies, Inc. (L&M) on August 11 and 17, 1993, respectively. In their Motions, Sandia and L&M seek the dismissal of the underlying complaint and hearing request filed by Mr. Ronald A. Sorri (Sorri) under the Department of Energy's Contractor Employee Protection Program. Sorri's present request for a hearing under § 708.9 was filed on June 9, 1993, and it has been assigned Office

46

Kinetic Theory of Plasma Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Kinetic Wave Theory / Proceedings of the Tenth Carolus Magnus Summer School on Plasma and Fusion Energy Physics

D. Van Eester; E. Lerche

47

LLNL Chemical Kinetics Modeling Group  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The LLNL chemical kinetics modeling group has been responsible for much progress in the development of chemical kinetic models for practical fuels. The group began its work in the early 1970s, developing chemical kinetic models for methane, ethane, ethanol and halogenated inhibitors. Most recently, it has been developing chemical kinetic models for large n-alkanes, cycloalkanes, hexenes, and large methyl esters. These component models are needed to represent gasoline, diesel, jet, and oil-sand-derived fuels.

Pitz, W J; Westbrook, C K; Mehl, M; Herbinet, O; Curran, H J; Silke, E J

2008-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

48

Kinetic equilibrium and relativistic thermodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Relativistic thermodynamics is treated from the point of view of kinetic theory. It is shown that the generalized J\\"uttner distribution suggested in [1] is compatible with kinetic equilibrium. The requirement of compatibility of kinetic and thermodynamic equilibrium reveals several generalizations of the Gibbs relation where the velocity field is an independent thermodynamic variable.

Ván, P

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Kinetic equilibrium and relativistic thermodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Relativistic thermodynamics is treated from the point of view of kinetic theory. It is shown that the generalized J\\"uttner distribution suggested in [1] is compatible with kinetic equilibrium. The requirement of compatibility of kinetic and thermodynamic equilibrium reveals several generalizations of the Gibbs relation where the velocity field is an independent thermodynamic variable.

P. Ván

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Diagnosing Forecast Errors in Tropical Cyclone Motion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports on the development of a diagnostic approach that can be used to examine the sources of numerical model forecast error that contribute to degraded tropical cyclone (TC) motion forecasts. Tropical cyclone motion forecasts depend ...

Thomas J. Galarneau Jr.; Christopher A. Davis

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Widget:Motion Chart Visualizations | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Motion Chart Visualizations Jump to: navigation, search Widget to display Google motion charts on OpenEI. Usage: Widget:Motion Chart Visualizations |configgeneralunitedstates...

52

LWD-0008 Motion for Discovery  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ronald A. Sorri Ronald A. Sorri DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Motions for Discovery Supplemental Order Name of Petitioner: Ronald A. Sorri L&M Technologies, Inc. Ronald A. Sorri Dates of Filing: September 24, 1993 September 27, 1993 October 12, 1993 Case Numbers: LWD-0008 LWD-0009 LWX-0011 This determination will consider two requests for discovery filed with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) on September 24 and 27, 1993, by Ronald A. Sorri (Sorri) and L&M Technologies, Inc. (L&M), respectively. These motions concern the hearing requested by Sorri under the Department of Energy's Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708, on June 9, 1993 (OHA Case No. LWA-0001). The DOE Contractor Employee Protection Program and the Sorri proceeding are described in a

53

Ground motion input in seismic evaluation studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents research pertaining to conservatism and variability in seismic risk estimates. Specifically, it examines whether or not artificial motions produce unrealistic evaluation demands, i.e., demands significantly inconsistent with those expected from real earthquake motions. To study these issues, two types of artificial motions are considered: (a) motions with smooth response spectra, and (b) motions with realistic variations in spectral amplitude across vibration frequency. For both types of artificial motion, time histories are generated to match target spectral shapes. For comparison, empirical motions representative of those that might result from strong earthquakes in the Eastern U.S. are also considered. The study findings suggest that artificial motions resulting from typical simulation approaches (aimed at matching a given target spectrum) are generally adequate and appropriate in representing the peak-response demands that may be induced in linear structures and equipment responding to real earthquake motions. Also, given similar input Fourier energies at high-frequencies, levels of input Fourier energy at low frequencies observed for artificial motions are substantially similar to those levels noted in real earthquake motions. In addition, the study reveals specific problems resulting from the application of Western U.S. type motions for seismic evaluation of Eastern U.S. nuclear power plants.

Sewell, R.T.; Wu, S.C.

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Recent ground motion studies at Fermilab  

SciTech Connect

Understanding slow and fast ground motion is important for the successful operation and design for present and future colliders. Since 2000 there have been several studies of ground motion at Fermilab. Several different types of HLS (hydro static level sensors) have been used to study slow ground motion (less than 1 hertz) seismometers have been used for fast (greater than 1 hertz) motions. Data have been taken at the surface and at locations 100 meters below the surface. Data of recent slow ground motion measurements with HLSs, many years of alignment data and results of the ATL-analysis are presented and discussed.

Shiltsev, V.; Volk, J.; /Fermilab; Singatulin, S.; /Novosibirsk, IYF

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Kinetics of coal pyrolysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report contains results of a coordinated, multi-laboratory investigation of coal devolatilization. Data is reported pertaining to the devolatilization for bituminous coals over three orders of magnitude in apparent heating rate (100 to 100,000 + {degree}C/sec), over two orders of magnitude in particle size (20 to 700 microns), final particle temperatures from 400 to 1600{degree}C, heat transfer modes ranging from convection to radiative, ambient pressure ranging from near vacuum to one atmosphere pressure. The heat transfer characteristics of the reactors are reported in detail. It is assumed the experimental results are to form the basis of a devolatilization data base. Empirical rate expressions are developed for each phase of devolatilization which, when coupled to an awareness of the heat transfer rate potential of a particular devolatilization reactor, indicate the kinetics emphasized by a particular system reactor plus coal sample. The analysis indicates the particular phase of devolatilization that will be emphasized by a particular reactor type and, thereby, the kinetic expressions appropriate to that devolatilization system. Engineering rate expressions are developed from the empirical rate expressions in the context of a fundamental understanding of coal devolatilization developed in the course of the investigation. 164 refs., 223 figs., 44 tabs.

Seery, D.J.; Freihaut, J.D.; Proscia, W.M. (United Technologies Research Center, East Hartford, CT (USA)); Howard, J.B.; Peters, W.; Hsu, J.; Hajaligol, M.; Sarofim, A. (Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (USA)); Jenkins, R.; Mallin, J.; Espindola-Merin, B. (Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (USA)); Essenhigh, R.; Misra, M.K. (Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (USA))

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Amber Kinetics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search Name Amber Kinetics Product Start-up company developing a novel flywheel energy storage system with the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. References Amber...

57

Hydrogen Atom in Relativistic Motion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Lorentz contraction of bound states in field theory is often appealed to in qualitative descriptions of high energy particle collisions. Surprisingly, the contraction has not been demonstrated explicitly even in simple cases such as the hydrogen atom. It requires a calculation of wave functions evaluated at equal (ordinary) time for bound states in motion. Such wave functions are not obtained by kinematic boosts from the rest frame. Starting from the exact Bethe-Salpeter equation we derive the equal-time wave function of a fermion-antifermion bound state in QED, i.e., positronium or the hydrogen atom, in any frame to leading order in alpha. We show explicitly that the bound state energy transforms as the fourth component of a vector and that the wave function of the fermion-antifermion Fock state contracts as expected. Transverse photon exchange contributes at leading order to the binding energy of the bound state in motion. We study the general features of the corresponding fermion-antifermion-photon Fock states, and show that they do not transform by simply contracting. We verify that the wave function reduces to the light-front one in the infinite momentum frame.

M. Jarvinen

2004-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

58

5, 86898714, 2005 The Kinetic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Technical Note: Simulating chemical systems in Fortran90 and Matlab with the Kinetic PreProcessor KPP-2.1 A estimation techniques, and variational chemical data assimilation applications require the development of ef- ficient tools for the computational simulation of chemical kinetics systems. From a numerical point

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

59

Nonlinear effects in kinetic resolutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The impact of nonlinear effects in the asymmetric catalysis of kinetic resolutions is analyzed. It is found with minimal assumptions that the kinetics of homocompetitive reactions should apply generally to kinetic resolutions involving partially resolved catalysts, and this is supported by experimental observations with the Jacobsen hydrolytic kinetic resolution (HKR) of epoxides. The criterion for a nonlinear effect in asymmetric catalysis--a nonlinear correlation between the enantiomeric excess in a choral ligand and the product enantiomeric excess obtained from a reaction--is examined. The nonlinear effect idea is found to be generalizable to kinetic resolutions and other reactions by replacing consideration of the product enantiomeric excess with the quantity (k[]/k[]-1)/(k[]/k[]+1), a differential kinetic enantiomeric enhancement (DKEE). A nonlinear effect may then be defined by a nonlinear correlation between the DKEE and the chiral ligand enantiomeric excess. The application of these ideas to previously reported kinetic resolutions of sulfoxides and to nonlinear effects in the Jacobsen HKR is described. Relatively small nonlinear effects in kinetic resolutions are sufficient to obtain large asymmetric amplifications. A catalyst modification in the Jacobsen HKR also allows for the development of a novel recyclable system for the iterative enhancement of optical activity.

Johnson, Derrell W.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Theory of atomic motion in resonant radiation  

SciTech Connect

Atomic motion in resonant and near resonant electromagnetic radiation is investigated theoretically. The exposition begins with a study of atomic motion in a resonant standing light wave, with a view toward isotope separation by selective photodeflection, and proceeds to the investigation of more general problems of atomic motion in resonant radiation. The body of the work consists of six chapters, each of which was prepared as a manuscript for publication in the open literature.

Cook, R.J.

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motion kinetic en" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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61

General techniques for constrained motion planning  

SciTech Connect

This report presents automatic motion planning algorithms for robotic manipulators performing a variety of tasks. Given a task and a robot manipulator equipped with a tool in its hand, the motion planners compute robot motions to complete the task while respecting manipulator kinematic constraints and avoiding collisions with objects in the robot`s work space. To handle the high complexity of the motion planning problem, a sophisticated search strategy called SANDROS is developed and used to solve many variations of the motion planning problem. To facilitate systematic development of motion planning algorithms, robotic tasks are classified into three categories according to the dimension of the manifold the robot tool has to travel: visit-point (0 dimensional), trace-curve (1 dimensional) and cover-surface (2 dimensional) tasks. The motion planner for a particular dimension is used as a sub-module by the motion planner for the next-higher dimension. This hierarchy of motion planners has led to a set of compact and systematic algorithms that can plan robot motions for many types of robotic operations. In addition, an algorithm is developed that determines the optimal robot-base configuration for minimum cycle time. The SANDROS search paradigm is complete in that it finds a solution path if one exists, up to a user specified resolution. Although its worst-case time complexity is exponential in the degrees of freedom of the manipulator, its average performance is commensurate with the complexity of the solution path. Since solution paths for most of motion planning problems consist of a few monotone segments, the motion planners based on SANDROS search strategy show approximately two-orders of magnitude improvements over existing complete algorithms.

Hwang, Yong K.; Watterberg, P.A.; Chen, Pang, C.; Lewis, C.L.

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Method for motion tracking during tomographic scanning  

Method for motion tracking during tomographic scanning Note: The technology described above is an early stage opportunity. Licensing rights to this intellectual ...

63

Selecting and Scaling Earthquake Ground Motions for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... a) near-fault FD pulse motion with PPV and NCSV shown (Imperial Valley 1979, El ... typically 3 or more) such that, in aggregate, valleys of individual ...

2012-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

64

VIDEOS: Slow motion video of Charpy impact  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sep 25, 2007 ... This slow motion video of an actual Charpy impact test shows the sample fracturing. The VIMS web resource offers a detailed description of an ...

65

Lost-motion valve actuator  

SciTech Connect

A lost-motion valve actuator is described for a bore closure valve employed in a well bore, comprising: operating connector means adapted to move the bore closure valve between open and closed positions through longitudinal movement of the operating connector means. The operating connector means comprises an operating connector and a connector insert defining a recess therebetween; locking dog means comprising at least one locking dog received in the recess and spring biasing means adapted to urge at least one locking dog radially inwardly; and mandrel means slidably received within the operating connector means and including dog slot means associated therewith. The dog slot means comprises an annular slot on the exterior of the mandrel means adapted to lockingly receive at least one inwardly biased locking dog when proximate thereto, whereby longitudinal movement of the mandrel means is transmitted to the operating connector means.

Burris, W.J. III; Ringgenberg, P.D.

1987-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

66

Thermodynamics and Kinetics Information at NIST  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Staff (06/28/2013). Thermodynamic & Kinetic Data for Sustainable Energy (10/05/2012). Thermodynamics and Kinetics Group (07/06/2013 ...

2010-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

67

Optimization-based interactive motion synthesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a physics-based approach to synthesizing motion of a virtual character in a dynamically varying environment. Our approach views the motion of a responsive virtual character as a sequence of solutions to the constrained optimization problem ... Keywords: Character animation, nonlinear optimization, physics-based animation

Sumit Jain; Yuting Ye; C. Karen Liu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Image Registration Using Wavelet-Based Motion Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An image registration algorithm is developed to estimate dense motion vectors between two images using the coarse-to-fine wavelet-based motion model. This motion model is described by a linear combination of hierarchical basis functions proposed by Cai ... Keywords: Cai-Wang wavelet, coarse-to-fine motion pyramid, image registration, sum squared difference (SSD), warping, wavelet-based motion model

Yu-Te Wu; Takeo Kanade; Ching-Chung Li; Jeffrey Cohn

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Metal reduction kinetics in Shewanella  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Motivation: Metal reduction kinetics have been studied in cultures of dissimilatory metal reducing bacteria which include the Shewanella oneidensis strain MR-1. Estimation of system parameters from time-series data faces obstructions in ...

Raman Lall; Julie Mitchell

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Theoretical Studies in Chemical Kinetics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Theoretical Studies in Chemical Kinetics ^ ^ iCi| Theoretical Studies in Chemical Kinetics ^ ^ iCi| under AEC Contract A T (30-1)-3780 " â–  ' Annual Report (1970) Principal In-vestigator: Martin Karpins Institution: Harvard University The research performed under this contract can best be sunmarized under several headings. (a) Alkali-Halideg Alkali-Halide (MX^ M*X*) Exchange Reactions. This project is being continued. A careful study of certain

71

Convective cell generation by kinetic Alfven wave turbulence in the auroral ionosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Modulation of convective cells by kinetic Alfven wave (KAW) turbulence is investigated. The interaction is governed by a nonlinear dispersion relation for the convective cells. It is shown that KAW turbulence is disrupted by excitation of the large-scale convective motion through a resonant instability. Application of the results to the auroral ionosphere shows that cross-scale coupling of the KAW turbulence and convective cells plays an important role in the evolution of ionospheric plasma turbulence.

Zhao, J. S.; Wu, D. J. [Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences 210008, Nanjing (China); Yu, M. Y. [Department of Physics, Institute for Fusion Theory and Simulation, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Institute for Theoretical Physics I, Ruhr University, D-44780 Bochum (Germany); Lu, J. Y. [National Center for Space Weather, China Meteorology Administration 100081, Beijing (China)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

72

Methods for predicting rubble motion during blasting  

SciTech Connect

Recent applications of explosives and blasting agents to rubble rock have led to requirements for more elaborate design and analysis methods. Many in situ extraction techniques require rubblization to take place in a confined region where rock motion is a predominate factor in creating a permeable broken bed. Two analytical methods are presented which describe the large rubble motion during blasting. These methods are intended to provide the blast designer with a tool for evaluation and further refinement of blasting patterns and timing sequences. In both these methods, the rock medium is represented by a series of discrete, discontinuous regions (bodies, masses). The use of discontinuous techniques rather than the classical continuum methods, results in better approximations to the rubble motion. These regions are set in motion by pressure loads from the explosive. The motion of these regions is then calculated numerically using interaction laws between regions in contact. The basis for these models or methods is presented along with the background for selecting explosive pressure loads and rock mass material behavior. Typical examples, including both cratering and bench blasting geometries, are discussed which illustrate the use of these models to predict rubble motion. Such engineering representations appear to provide a practical method for use in predicting rubble motion and a tool for design evaluation of blasting in confined geometries.

Schamaun, J.T.

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

TEST & MOTION SIMULATION SYSTEMSSERVOTEST Tailored Solutions For Your Servohydraulic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TEST & MOTION SIMULATION SYSTEMSSERVOTEST SERVOTEST ACTUATORS Tailored Solutions For Your Servohydraulic Test And Motion Simulation System Requirements #12;TEST & MOTION SIMULATION SYSTEMSSERVOTEST qualified engineers · Founded in 1958 as a Consultancy to service the growing test market · International

74

Pixel-wise Motion Detection in Persistent Aerial Video Surveillance  

SciTech Connect

In ground stabilized WAMI, stable objects with depth appear to have precessive motion due to sensor movement alongside objects undergoing true, independent motion in the scene. Computational objective is to disambiguate independent and structural motion in WAMI efficiently and robustly.

Vesom, G

2012-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

75

Normal-Mode Decomposition of Small-Scale Oceanic Motions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Small-scale oceanic motions consist of vortical motion and internal waves. In a linear or weakly nonlinear system these two types of motions can be unambiguously separated using normal-mode decomposition in which the vortical mode carries the ...

Ren-Chieh Lien; Peter Müller

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Ultra-wideband radar motion sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A motion sensor is based on ultra-wideband (UWB) radar. UWB radar range is determined by a pulse-echo interval. For motion detection, the sensors operate by staring at a fixed range and then sensing any change in the averaged radar reflectivity at that range. A sampling gate is opened at a fixed delay after the emission of a transmit pulse. The resultant sampling gate output is averaged over repeated pulses. Changes in the averaged sampling gate output represent changes in the radar reflectivity at a particular range, and thus motion. 15 figs.

McEwan, T.E.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Department of Energy Files Motion to Withdraw Yucca Mountain...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Files Motion to Withdraw Yucca Mountain License Application Department of Energy Files Motion to Withdraw Yucca Mountain License Application March 3, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis...

78

Motion to Withdraw from Yucca Mountain application | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Motion to Withdraw from Yucca Mountain application Motion to Withdraw from Yucca Mountain application DOE's withdraws it's pending license application for a permanent geologic...

79

DOE Opposes Injunction Motion | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the State of Washington's motion to enjoin the Department's efforts to wind down the Yucca Mountain Program. The Department's filing, made in the U.S. Court of Appeals for the...

80

Planning and Teaching Compliant Motion Strategies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents a new high level robot programming system. The programming system can be used to construct strategies consisting of compliant motions, in which a moving robot slides along obstacles in its ...

Buckley, Stephen J.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motion kinetic en" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Atomistic Simulation of Slow Grain Boundary Motion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Existing atomistic simulation techniques to study grain boundary motion are usually limited to either high velocities or temperatures and are difficult to compare to realistic experimental conditions. Here we introduce an ...

Deng, Chuang

82

Earthquake ground motion modeling on parallel computers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe the design and discuss the performance of a parallel elastic wave propagation simulator that is being used to model and study earthquake-induced ground motion in large sedimentary basins. The components of the system include mesh generators, ...

Hesheng Bao; Jacobo Bielak; Omar Ghattas; Loukas F. Kallivokas; David R. O'Hallaron; Jonathan R. Shewchuk; Jifeng Xu

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Vertical Motion of Neutrally Buoyant Floats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The vertical motion of a neutrally buoyant float is determined from the solution to the nonlinear forced harmonic oscillator equation originally set forth by Voorhis. Float response to forced vertical oscillations is characterized by the response ...

Louis Goodman; Edward R. Levine

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Equations of Motion Using Thermodynamic Coordinates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The forms of the primitive equations of motion and continuity are obtained when an arbitrary thermodynamic state variable=mrestricted only to be vertically monotonic=mis used as the vertical coordinate. Natural generalizations of the Montgomery ...

Roland A. de Szoeke

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Collective motion in quantum diffusive environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The general problem of dissipation in macroscopic large-amplitude collective motion and its relation to energy diffusion of intrinsic degrees of freedom of a nucleus is studied. By applying the cranking approach to the nuclear many-body system, a set of coupled dynamical equations for the collective classical variable and the quantum mechanical occupancies of the intrinsic nuclear states is derived. Different dynamical regimes of the intrinsic nuclear motion and its consequences on time properties of collective dissipation are discussed.

V. M. Kolomietz; S. Å berg; S. V. Radionov

2007-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

86

Ground Motion Model of the SLAC Site ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

motion p(?, L) can be written as p(?, L) = p(?)2(1 ? c(?, L)) which in turn can be transformed into P(?, k) [9]. We present a ground motion model for the SLAC site. This Measurements [2, 6] show that the fast motion in a rea-model is based on recent ground motion studies performed sonably quiet site consists primarily of elastic waves prop-at SLAC as well as on historical data. The model includes agating with a high velocity v (of the order of km/s). wave-like, diffusive and systematic types of motion. An The correlation is then completely defined by this velocity attempt is made to relate measurable secondary properties (which may be a function of frequency) and by the distri-of the ground motion with more basic characteristics such bution of the noise sources. In the case where the waves as the layered geological structure of the surrounding earth, propagate on the surface and are distributed uniformly in depth of the tunnel, etc. This model is an essential step in azimuthal angle, the correlation is given by c(?, L) = evaluating sites for a future linear collider. ?cos(?L/v cos(?))?? = J0(?L/v) and the corresponding 2-D spectrum of the ground motion is P(?, k) = 2p(?) / ? (?/v(f)) 2 ? k2, |k | ? ?/v(f). The absolute power spectrum of the fast motion, assumed for the SLAC model, corresponds to measurements performed at 2 AM in one of the quietest locations at SLAC, sector 10 of the linac [2], (see Fig.1). The spatial properties are defined by the phase velocity found from correlation measurements v(f) = 450 + 1900 exp(?f/2) (with v in m/s, f in Hz) [2]. 1

Andrei Seryi; Tor Raubenheimer

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Help:Motion Chart | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Motion Chart Motion Chart Jump to: navigation, search This page is designed to help you create your very own Google Motion Chart, or Gapminder-like visualization. You'll work in Google Docs to develop the motion chart and with the OpenEI team to publish it on OpenEI. About The motion chart is a cool way to display data that changes over time. The dynamic chart allows you to quickly explore a lot of data with a fairly easy-to-use interface. The example below displays page visit and usage statistics for openei.org. Google motion chart (Gapminder): Getting Started Here is what you'll need from the start: View of a google doc with OpenEI analytics data A Google account Data (time series data with at least 2 fields) An OpenEI user account Step 1 - The Data The data to the right is a view of some OpenEI use statistics from the past

88

On the Kinematics of Undulator Girder Motion  

SciTech Connect

The theory of rigid body kinematics is used to derive equations that govern the control and measurement of the position and orientation of undulator girders. The equations form the basis of the girder matlab software on the LCLS control system. The equations are linear for small motion and easily inverted as desired. For reference, some relevant girder geometrical data is also given. Equations 6-8 relate the linear potentiometer readings to the motion of the girder. Equations 9-11 relate the cam shaft angles to the motion of the girder. Both sets are easily inverted to either obtain the girder motion from the angles or readings, or, to find the angles and readings that would give a desired motion. The motion of any point on the girder can be calculated by applying either sets of equations to the two cam-planes and extrapolating in the z coordinate using equation 19. The formulation of the equations is quite general and easily coded via matrix and vector methods. They form the basis of the girder matlab software on the LCLS control system.

Welch, J

2011-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

89

Fault-safe code motion for type-safe languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Compilers for Java and other type-safe languages have historically worked to overcome overheads and constraints imposed by runtime safety checks and precise exception semantics. We instead exploit these safety properties to perform code motion optimizations ... Keywords: code motion, intermediate representations, partial redundancy elimination, safe code motion, safety dependences, scheduling, speculative code motion

Brian R. Murphy; Vijay Menon; Florian T. Schneider; Tatiana Shpeisman; Ali-Reza Adl-Tabatabai

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Crustal motion in Indonesia from Global Positioning System measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Crustal motion in Indonesia from Global Positioning System measurements Y. Bock,1 L. Prawirodirdjo: crustal motion, Indonesia tectonics, GPS, current plate motions, Southeast Asia Citation: Bock, Y., L, Crustal motion in Indonesia from Global Positioning System measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 108(B8), 2367

McCaffrey, Robert

91

Synthesis of complex dynamic character motion from simple animations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present a general method for rapid prototyping of realistic character motion. We solve for the natural motion from a simple animation provided by the animator. Our framework can be used to produce relatively complex realistic motion ... Keywords: animation, animation w/constraints, motion transformation, physically based animation, physically based modeling, spacetime constraints

C. Karen Liu; Zoran Popovi?

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Two algorithms for motion estimation from alternate exposure images  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most algorithms for dense 2D motion estimation assume pairs of images that are acquired with an idealized, infinitively short exposure time. In this work we compare two approaches that use an additional, motion-blurred image of a scene to estimate highly ... Keywords: motion blur, motion estimation, total variation

Anita Sellent; Martin Eisemann; Marcus Magnor

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

HIP JOINT RECONSTRUCTION AND MOTION VISUALIZATION USING MRI AND OPTICAL MOTION CAPTURE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

high-resolution images with high bone contrast. However, they involve radiation exposure and do propose here to use optical motion capture to simulate internal motions. The ability to image contrast, multi-planar imaging capabilities, and does not use harmful ionising radiation. Moreover, MR has

Gilles, Benjamin

94

Kinetic Wave Power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kinetic Wave Power Jump to: navigation, search Name Kinetic Wave Power Address 2861 N Tupelo St Place Midland Zip 48642 Sector Marine and Hydrokinetic Phone number 989-839-9757...

95

Oxidation Kinetics Modeling Applying Phase Field Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Oxidation Kinetics Modeling Applying Phase Field Approach ... chemical reaction rates will increase exponentially and environmental attack ...

96

Kinetics of Nano Ti Carbides Precipitation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2011. Symposium, Steel Product Metallurgy and Applications. Presentation Title, Kinetics of Nano ...

97

Modeling & Characterization of Harvestable Kinetic Energy for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... gov 301.975-5479. Modeling & Characterization of Harvestable Kinetic Energy for Wearable Medical Sensors. RF-enabled ...

2011-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

98

Ocean Motion International LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ocean Motion International LLC Ocean Motion International LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Ocean Motion International LLC Place Saulsbury, Tennessee Zip 38067 Sector Ocean Product Marine energy technology firm developing ocean/ wave powered generators. Coordinates 35.052242°, -89.083299° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.052242,"lon":-89.083299,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

99

Dust Motions Driven by MHD Turbulence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the relative grain motions due to MHD turbulence in interstellar medium. It has been known for decades that turbulent drag is an efficient way to induce grain relative motions. However, earlier treatments disregarded magnetic field and used Kolmogorov turbulence. Unlike hydro turbulence, MHD turbulence is anisotropic on small scales. Moreover, compressible modes are important for MHD and magnetic perturbations can directly interact with grains. We provide calculations of grain relative motion for realistic interstellar turbulence driving that is consistent with the velocity dispersions observed in diffuse gas and for realistic grain charging. We account for the turbulence cutoff arising from abmipolar drag. Our results on grain shattering are consistent with the customary accepted cutoff size. We obtain grain velocities for turbulence with parameters consistent with those in HI and dark clouds. These velocities are smaller than those in earlier papers, where MHD effects were disregarded. Finally, w...

Lazarian, A; Yan, Huirong

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Slow motion responses of compliant offshore structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An efficient method is developed to predict slow motion responses of slender compliant offshore structures in the unidirectional irregular waves and currents. The environmental loads are computed using the modified Morison equation based on slender-body approximation. The Hybrid Wave Model, which considers the nonlinear wave-wave interactions, is used to predict wave kinematics accurately up to the second order of wave steepness. Other second-order forces due to convective acceleration, free-surface fluctuation, time-varying structural displacement and axial divergence effects are also included. An iterative-incremental Newmark-,3 scheme is employed to simulate the structural responses in the time domain. It is observed that the predicted slow-drift motions of a Joint, Industry Project Spar and a Floating Jacket Platform are in excellent agreement with the model test measurements. However, the predicted slow-drift motions using Wheeler Stretching and Linear Extrapolation wave kinematics models do not agree with the measurements well.

Cao, Peimin

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motion kinetic en" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Fuel-motion diagnostics and cineradiography  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear and non-nuclear applications of cineradiography are reviewed, with emphasis on diagnostic instrumentation for in-pile transient-reactor safety testing of nuclear fuel motion. The primary instrument for this purpose has been the fast-neutron hodoscope, which has achieved quantitative monitoring of time, location, mass, and velocity of fuel movement under the difficult conditions associated with transient-reactor experiments. Alternative diagnostic devices that have been developed have not matched the capabilities of the hodoscope. Other applications for the fuel-motion diagnostic apparatus are also evolving, including time-integrated radiography and direct time- and space-resolved fuel-pin power monitoring. Although only two reactors are now actively equipped with high-resolution fuel-motion diagnostic systems, studies and tests have been carried out in and for many other reactors.

DeVolpi, A.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Video looping of human cyclic motion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, a system called Video Looping is developed to analyze human cyclic motions. Video Looping allows users to extract human cyclic motion from a given video sequence. This system analyzes similarities from a large amount of live footage to find the point of smooth transition. The final cyclic loop is created using only a few output images. Video Looping is useful not only to learn and understand human movements, but also to apply the cyclic loop to various artistic applications. To provide practical animation references, the output images are presented as photo plate sequences to visualize human cyclic motion similar to Eadweard Muybridge's image sequences. The final output images can be used to create experimental projects such as composited multiple video loops or small size of web animations. Furthermore, they can be imported into animation packages, and animators can create keyframe animations by tracing them in 3D software.

Choi, Hye Mee

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Compensation of Wave-Induced Motion and Force Phenomena for Ship-Based High Performance Robotic and Human Amplifying Systems  

SciTech Connect

The decrease in manpower and increase in material handling needs on many Naval vessels provides the motivation to explore the modeling and control of Naval robotic and robotic assistive devices. This report addresses the design, modeling, control and analysis of position and force controlled robotic systems operating on the deck of a moving ship. First we provide background information that quantifies the motion of the ship, both in terms of frequency and amplitude. We then formulate the motion of the ship in terms of homogeneous transforms. This transformation provides a link between the motion of the ship and the base of a manipulator. We model the kinematics of a manipulator as a serial extension of the ship motion. We then show how to use these transforms to formulate the kinetic and potential energy of a general, multi-degree of freedom manipulator moving on a ship. As a demonstration, we consider two examples: a one degree-of-freedom system experiencing three sea states operating in a plane to verify the methodology and a 3 degree of freedom system experiencing all six degrees of ship motion to illustrate the ease of computation and complexity of the solution. The first series of simulations explore the impact wave motion has on tracking performance of a position controlled robot. We provide a preliminary comparison between conventional linear control and Repetitive Learning Control (RLC) and show how fixed time delay RLC breaks down due to the varying nature wave disturbance frequency. Next, we explore the impact wave motion disturbances have on Human Amplification Technology (HAT). We begin with a description of the traditional HAT control methodology. Simulations show that the motion of the base of the robot, due to ship motion, generates disturbances forces reflected to the operator that significantly degrade the positioning accuracy and resolution at higher sea states. As with position-controlled manipulators, augmenting the control with a Repetitive Learning Controller has little impact due to the variable nature of the wave period. We then introduce a new approach to HAT control, Ship Motion Compensation for Force Control Systems (SMCFCS). This basic approach uses inclinometer and acceleration information from the base of the robot to compensate for ship motion disturbances. Results of the simulation study show over an order of magnitude decrease in the disturbance force reflected back to the operator and an order of magnitude increase in positioning accuracy and resolution.

Love, LJL

2003-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

104

Methods for predicting rubble motion during blasting  

SciTech Connect

Recent applications of explosives and blasting agents to rubble rock have led to requirements for more elaborate design and analysis methods. In most blasting uses, it is necessary not only to fracture the rock, but also to move the broken rubble in a predictable manner. Many in situ extraction techniques require rubblization to take place in a confined region where rock motion is a predominate factor in creating a permeable broken bed. In this paper, two analytical methods are presented which describe the large rubble motion during blasting. These methods provide the blast designer with a tool for evaluation and further refinement of blasting patterns and timing sequences.

Schamaun, J.T.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Motion of extended charges in classical electrodynamics  

SciTech Connect

The Lorentz--Dirac theory of radiation reaction on the motion of point charges is beset by the well known problems of runaway solutions and preacceleration. We examine the classical theory of extended charged particles and obtain a differential-difference type equation of motion. Analysis of this equation reveals that the theory is internally consistent (i.e., no runaways or acausality) whenever the size of the particle exceeds the classical radius (defined as the radius for which the electrostatic self-energy equals the mass of the particle). A specific example is presented which explicitly shows the different character of the extended and point charge solutions. (AIP)

Levine, H.; Moniz, E.J.; Sharp, D.H.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

The feasibility of head motion tracking in helical CT: A step toward motion correction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To establish a practical and accurate motion tracking method for the development of rigid motion correction methods in helical x-ray computed tomography (CT). Methods: A commercially available optical motion tracking system provided 6 degrees of freedom pose measurements at 60 Hz. A 4 Multiplication-Sign 4 calibration matrix was determined to convert raw pose data acquired in tracker coordinates to a fixed CT coordinate system with origin at the isocenter of the scanner. Two calibration methods, absolute orientation (AO), and a new method based on image registration (IR), were compared by means of landmark analysis and correlation coefficient in phantom images coregistered using the derived motion transformations. Results: Transformations calculated using the IR-derived calibration matrix were found to be more accurate, with positional errors less than 0.5 mm (mean RMS), and highly correlated image voxel intensities. The AO-derived calibration matrix yielded larger mean RMS positional errors ( Asymptotically-Equal-To 1.0 mm), and poorer correlation coefficients. Conclusions: The authors have demonstrated the feasibility of accurate motion tracking for retrospective motion correction in helical CT. Their new IR-based calibration method based on image registration and function minimization was simpler to perform and delivered more accurate calibration matrices. This technique is a useful tool for future work on rigid motion correction in helical CT and potentially also other imaging modalities.

Kim, Jung-Ha [Medical Radiation Sciences, University of Sydney, NSW 2141 (Australia); Nuyts, Johan [Department of Nuclear Medicine, Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven, Belgium and Medical Imaging Research Center, Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven (Belgium); Kuncic, Zdenka [School of Physics, University of Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia); Fulton, Roger [Medical Radiation Sciences, University of Sydney, NSW 2141 (Australia); School of Physics, University of Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia); Department of Medical Physics, Westmead Hospital, Westmead, NSW 2145 (Australia)

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

107

On fast reactor kinetics studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The results and the program of fast reactor core time and space kinetics experiments performed and planned to be performed at the IPPE critical facility is presented. The TIMER code was taken as computation support of the experimental work, which allows transient equations to be solved in 3-D geometry with multi-group diffusion approximation. The number of delayed neutron groups varies from 6 to 8. The code implements the solution of both transient neutron transfer problems: a direct one, where neutron flux density and its derivatives, such as reactor power, etc, are determined at each time step, and an inverse one for the point kinetics equation form, where such a parameter as reactivity is determined with a well-known reactor power time variation function. (authors)

Seleznev, E. F.; Belov, A. A. [Nuclear Safety Inst. of the Russian Academy of Sciences IBRAE (Russian Federation); Matveenko, I. P.; Zhukov, A. M.; Raskach, K. F. [Inst. for Physics and Power Engineering IPPE (Russian Federation)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Kinetically Dominated FRII Radio Sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The existence of FR II objects that are kinetically dominated, the jet kinetic luminosity, $Q$, is larger than the total thermal luminosity (IR to X-ray) of the accretion flow, $L_{bol}$, is of profound theoretical interest. Such objects are not expected in most theoretical models of the central engine of radio loud AGN. Thus, establishing such a class of objects is an important diagnostic for filtering through the myriad of theoretical possibilities. This paper attempts to establish a class of quasars that have existed in a state of kinetic dominance, $R(t)\\equiv Q(t)/L_{bol}(t)>1$, at some epoch, $t$. It is argued that the 10 quasars in this article with a long term time average $Q(t)$, $\\bar{Q}$, that exceed $L_{Edd}$ are likely to have satisfied the condition $R(t)>1$ either presently or in the past based on the rarity of $L_{bol}>L_{Edd}$ quasars. Finally, the existence of these sources is discussed in the context of the theory of the central engine.

Brian Punsly

2006-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

109

KINETICS OF GAS-GRAIN REACTIONS IN THE SOLAR NEBULA BRUCE FEGLEY, JR.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

KINETICS OF GAS-GRAIN REACTIONS IN THE SOLAR NEBULA BRUCE FEGLEY, JR. Planetary Chemistry gas phase, gas-grain, and solid phase reactions as a function of pressure and temperature in the solar the local en- vironment cooled significantly or before the gaseous solar nebula was dispersed

Fegley Jr., Bruce

110

Motional Spin Relaxation in Large Electric Fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the precession of spin-polarized Ultra Cold Neutrons (UCN) and $^{3}$He atoms in uniform and static magnetic and electric fields and calculate the spin relaxation effects from motional $v\\times E$ magnetic fields. Particle motion in an electric field creates a motional $v\\times E$ magnetic field, which when combined with collisions, produces variations of the total magnetic field and results in spin relaxation of neutron and $^{3}$He samples. The spin relaxation times $T_{1}$ (longitudinal) and $T_{2}$ (transverse) of spin-polarized UCN and $^{3}$He atoms are important considerations in a new search for the neutron Electric Dipole Moment at the SNS \\emph{nEDM} experiment. We use a Monte Carlo approach to simulate the relaxation of spins due to the motional $v\\times E$ field for UCN and for $^{3}$He atoms at temperatures below $600,\\mathrm{mK}$. We find the relaxation times for the neutron due to the $v\\times E$ effect to be long compared to the neutron lifetime, while the $^{3}$He relaxation times may be important for the \\emph{nEDM} experiment.

Riccardo Schmid; B. Plaster; B. W. Filippone

2008-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

111

Visualizing Motion in Potential Wells* Pratibha Jolly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Visualizing Motion in Potential Wells* Pratibha Jolly Department of Physics, University of Delhi well potential diagrams using either the velocity data and assuming conservation of energy or the force wells on the one hand and establishing the relationship between the operative forces and the potential

Zollman, Dean

112

A geometric approach to collective motion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We introduce the total s-energy of a multiagent system and bound its maximum asymptotic value. This gives us a new analytical device to study the convergence rate of bidirectional agreement dynamics. We use it to bound the convergence rate of ... Keywords: agreement dynamics, collective motion, total s-energy

Bernard Chazelle

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Smooth movers: perceptually guided human motion simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To animate a character, a number of poses are displayed in quick succession in order to create the illusion of motion. For most real-time applications, such as games, the pose update rate is largely constrained by the available hardware and overall simulation ...

Rachel McDonnell; Fiona Newell; Carol O'Sullivan

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Computer animation of Phanerozoic plate motions  

SciTech Connect

Since 1985, the PALEOMAP Project, in collaboration with research groups both in the US and abroad, has assembled a digital model that describes global plate motions during the last 600 million years. In this paper the authors present a series of computer animations that dynamically illustrates the movement of continents and terranes, and the evolution of the ocean basins since the breakup of the late Precambrian supercontinent. These animations depict the motion of the plates from both equatorial and polar perspectives. Mesozoic and Cenozoic plate tectonic reconstructions are based on a synthesis of linear magnetic anomalies, fracture zone locations, intracontinental rifts, collision and thrust belts, and zones of strike-slip. Paleozoic plate reconstructions, though more speculative, are based on evidence of past subduction, continental collision, and inferred sea floor spreading. The relative longitudinal positions of the continents during the Paleozoic and the width of intervening oceans have been adjusted to best explain changing biogeographic and paleoclimatic patterns. A new paleomagnetic/hot spot reference frame has been constructed that combines paleomagnetic data compiled by Rob Van der Voo (1992) with inferred motion relative to a fixed frame of hot spots. Using probable Early Mesozoic and Paleozoic hot spot tracks on the major continents, the authors have extended plate motions relative to the hot spot reference frame back to 400 million years.

Scotese, C.R. (Univ. of Texas, Arlington, TX (United States). Dept. of Geology)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Realtime motion segmentation based multibody visual SLAM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a practical vision based Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM) system for a highly dynamic environment. We adopt a multibody Structure from Motion (SfM) approach, which is the generalization of classical SfM to dynamic ...

Abhijit Kundu; K. Madhava Krishna; C. V. Jawahar

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Strong motion duration and earthquake magnitude relationships  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Earthquake duration is the total time of ground shaking from the arrival of seismic waves until the return to ambient conditions. Much of this time is at relatively low shaking levels which have little effect on seismic structural response and on earthquake damage potential. As a result, a parameter termed ``strong motion duration`` has been defined by a number of investigators to be used for the purpose of evaluating seismic response and assessing the potential for structural damage due to earthquakes. This report presents methods for determining strong motion duration and a time history envelope function appropriate for various evaluation purposes, for earthquake magnitude and distance, and for site soil properties. There are numerous definitions of strong motion duration. For most of these definitions, empirical studies have been completed which relate duration to earthquake magnitude and distance and to site soil properties. Each of these definitions recognizes that only the portion of an earthquake record which has sufficiently high acceleration amplitude, energy content, or some other parameters significantly affects seismic response. Studies have been performed which indicate that the portion of an earthquake record in which the power (average rate of energy input) is maximum correlates most closely with potential damage to stiff nuclear power plant structures. Hence, this report will concentrate on energy based strong motion duration definitions.

Salmon, M.W.; Short, S.A. [EQE International, Inc., San Francisco, CA (United States); Kennedy, R.P. [RPK Structural Mechanics Consulting, Yorba Linda, CA (United States)

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

People can understand descriptions of motion without activating visual motion brain regions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

What is the relationship between our perceptual and linguistic neural representations of the same event? We approached this question by asking whether visual perception of motion and understanding linguistic depictions of ...

Bedny, Marina

118

Nonlinear Motion of a Shallow Water Barotropic Vortex  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nonlinear motions of a shallow water barotropic vortex on a ? plane differ substantially from the analogous linear motions. The nonlinear model described here, in which wavenumber 1–3 asymmetries interact with each other and the mean vortex, ...

H. E. Willoughby

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Long-range video motion estimation using point trajectories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes a new approach to video motion estimation, in which motion is represented using a set of particles. Each particle is an image point sample with a long-duration trajectory and other properties. To ...

Sand, Peter (Peter M.), 1977-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Editing dynamic human motions via momentum and force  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present an integrated framework for interactive editing of the momentum and external forces in a motion capture sequence. Allowing user control of the momentum and forces provides a powerful and intuitive editing tool for dynamic motions. To make ...

Kwang Won Sok; Katsu Yamane; Jehee Lee; Jessica Hodgins

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motion kinetic en" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Tropical Cyclone Motion: Environmental Interaction Plus a Beta Effect  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dynamics of tropical cyclone motion are investigated by solving for instantaneous motion tendencies using the divergent barotropic vorticity equation on a beta plane. Two methods of solution are presented a direct analytic solution for a ...

Greg J. Holland

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Deduction of Vertical Motion in the Atmosphere from Aircraft Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Equations for deducing the vertical motion of air based on aircraft measurements are presented along with derivations. The equations are based on the aircraft equations of motion, but due to different assumptions, the resulting equations are ...

Fred J. Kopp

1985-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Robust hybrid control for autonomous vehicle motion planning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation focuses on the problem of motion planning for agile autonomous vehicles. In realistic situations, the motion planning problem must be solved in real-time, in a dynamic and uncertain environment. The ...

Frazzoli, Emilio, 1970-

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Mean Vertical Motions Seen by Radar Wind Profilers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radar wind profilers have been used to measure directly the vertical motion above the radar site. Mean values of vertical motions in the troposphere and lower stratosphere reported at sites in and near mountains are often several centimeters per ...

G. D. Nastrom; T. E. VanZandt

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Evaluation of Vertical Motion: Past, Present, and Future  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The potential impact of gridded output from numerical models on operational forecasting of vertical motion is examined. A review of historical techniques for operational vertical motion evaluation is presented. An attempt is made to relate ...

Lawrence B. Dunn

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Motion to intervene and comments of the energy services group...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Motion to intervene and comments of the energy services group of Hydro-Quebec and H.Q. Energy Services (U.S.) Inc, on FE 99-1 Motion to intervene and comments of the energy...

127

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Amber Kinetics Flywheel Energy Storage Demo - Ed Chiao, Amber Kinetics  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

amber_kinetics amber_kinetics DOE Peer Review September 2012 Ed Chiao, CEO amber_kinetics Amber Kinetics: Our Flywheel History Start-up launched in 2009, Stanford University Cleantech Entrepreneurship class Established a technology licensing & flywheel development partnership with LLNL; Amber Kinetics identified new material & lower-cost rotor designs for commercialization Awarded a Smart Grid Energy Storage Demonstration grant award for flywheels Awarded a matching grant for development & demonstration of flywheel technology Stanford University Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory U.S. Department of Energy California Energy Commission World-class institutions | innovative, deep flywheel technology owned by Amber Amber Kinetics, Inc. - Confidential and Proprietary, All Rights Reserved

128

Microreactor for fast chemical kinetics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The chemical reaction process in a T-shaped microchannel is studied experimentally through the reaction of Ca++ with a fluorescent tracer, Calcium-green. For thin channels (10 um), diffusion of species is found to behave in a way independent of the thickness direction. In such a situation, simulations of a two-dimensional reaction-diffusion model agree remarkably well with the experimental measurements. The comparison of experiments and simulations is used to measure the chemical kinetic constant, which we find to be k=3.2 x 10^5 dm^3/(mol s). Applications of the analysis to faster reactions and to micro-titration are also discussed.

Baroud, C N; Menetrier, L; Tabeling, P; Baroud, Charles N.; Okkels, Fridolin; Menetrier, Laure; Tabeling, Patrick

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Kinetic Modeling of Microbiological Processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Kinetic description of microbiological processes is vital for the design and control of microbe-based biotechnologies such as waste water treatment, petroleum oil recovery, and contaminant attenuation and remediation. Various models have been proposed to describe microbiological processes. This editorial article discusses the advantages and limiation of these modeling approaches in cluding tranditional, Monod-type models and derivatives, and recently developed constraint-based approaches. The article also offers the future direction of modeling researches that best suit for petroleum and environmental biotechnologies.

Liu, Chongxuan; Fang, Yilin

2012-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

130

Shale oil cracking. 1. Kinetics  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Experiments were conducted to determine kinetics for thermal cracking of shale oil vapor over shale. Cracking temperatures of 504 to 610/sup 0/C and residence times of 2 to 11 seconds were used. A first-order Arrhenius rate expression and stoichiometry were obtained. Also observed were changes in the oil quality. Cracking decreased the H/C ratio, increased the nitrogen content, and decreased the pour point of the oil. Gas-phase oil cracking is contrasted to liquid-phase oil coking as a loss mechanism in oil-shale retorting.

Burnham, A.K.; Taylor, J.R.

1979-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Enabling Energy-Efficient Approaches to Thermal Comfort Using Room Air Motion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Efficiency, Thermal Comfort with Air MotionEnergy Efficiency, Thermal Comfort with Air Motion No-fan 2Energy Efficiency, Thermal Comfort with Air Motion

Pasut, Wilmer; Arens, Edward; Zhang, Hui; Kaam, Soazig; Zhai, Yongchao

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Ground motion data for International Collider models  

SciTech Connect

The proposed location for the International Linear Collider (ILC) in the Americas region is Fermilab in Batavia Illinois. If built at this location the tunnels would be located in the Galena Platteville shale at a depth of 100 or more meters below the surface. Studies using hydro static water levels and seismometers have been conducted in the MINOS hall and the LaFrange Mine in North Aurora Illinois to determine the level of ground motion. Both these locations are in the Galena Platteville shale and indicate the typical ground motion to be expected for the ILC. The data contains both natural and cultural noise. Coefficients for the ALT law are determined. Seismic measurements at the surface and 100 meters below the surface are presented.

Volk, J.T.; LeBrun, P.; Shiltsev, V.; Singatulin, S.; /Fermilab

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Active learning for real-time motion controllers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes an approach to building real-time highly-controllable characters. A kinematic character controller is built on-the-fly during a capture session, and updated after each new motion clip is acquired. Active learning is used to identify ... Keywords: active learning, human motion, motion capture

Seth Cooper; Aaron Hertzmann; Zoran Popovi?

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Sharing motion information with close family and friends  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the Motion Presence application, an augmented phone book style application that allows close friends and family to view each other's current motion status ("moving" or "not moving") on their mobile phones. We performed a two week long field ... Keywords: awareness, mobile presence, motion detection, privacy

Frank R. Bentley; Crysta J. Metcalf

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Measurement of sinusoidal vibration from motion blurred images  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous vision-based methods usually measure vibration from large sequence of unblurred images recorded by high-speed video or stroboscopic photography. In this paper, we propose a novel method for sinusoidal vibration measurement based on motion blurred ... Keywords: Geometric moment, Motion blur, Motion blurred image, Vibration measurement

Shigang Wang; Baiqing Guan; Guobao Wang; Qian Li

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Noncommutative geometry inspired wormholes with conformal motion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper discusses a new wormhole solution that admits conformal motion, given a noncommutative-geometry background. After a discussion of the wormhole geometry and the energy conditions, the analysis proceeds with the calculation of the active gravitational mass, a discussion of the TOV equation describing the equilibrium conditions, as well as the nature of the total gravitational energy. The wormhole spacetime is not asymptotically flat and is therefore cut off at some radial distance and joined to an exterior vacuum solution.

Farook Rahaman; Saibal Ray; G. S. Khadekar; P. K. F. Kuhfittig; Indrani Karar

2013-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

137

Compression of ground-motion data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ground motion data has been recorded for many years at Nevada Test Site and is now stored on thousands of digital tapes. The recording format is very inefficient in terms of space on tape. This report outlines a method to compress the data onto a few hundred tapes while maintaining the accuracy of the recording and allowing restoration of any file to the original format for future use. For future digitizing a more efficient format is described and suggested.

Long, J.W.

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Dust Motions Driven by MHD Turbulence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the relative grain motions due to MHD turbulence in interstellar medium. It has been known for decades that turbulent drag is an efficient way to induce grain relative motions. However, earlier treatments disregarded magnetic field and used Kolmogorov turbulence. Unlike hydro turbulence, MHD turbulence is anisotropic on small scales. Moreover, compressible modes are important for MHD and magnetic perturbations can directly interact with grains. We provide calculations of grain relative motion for realistic interstellar turbulence driving that is consistent with the velocity dispersions observed in diffuse gas and for realistic grain charging. We account for the turbulence cutoff arising from abmipolar drag. Our results on grain shattering are consistent with the customary accepted cutoff size. We obtain grain velocities for turbulence with parameters consistent with those in HI and dark clouds. These velocities are smaller than those in earlier papers, where MHD effects were disregarded. Finally, we consider grain velocities arising from photoelectric emission, radiation pressure and the thrust due to molecular hydrogen formation. These are lower than relative velocities induced by turbulence. We conclude that turbulence should prevent these mechanisms from segregating grains by size.

A. Lazarian; Huirong Yan

2002-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

139

Universal equations and constants of turbulent motion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a parameter-free theory of shear-generated turbulence at asymptotically high Reynolds numbers in incompressible fluids. It is based on a two-fluids concept. Both components are materially identical and inviscid. The first component is an ensemble of quasi-rigid dipole-vortex tubes as quasi-particles in chaotic motion. The second is a superfluid performing evasive motions between the tubes. The local dipole motions follow Helmholtz' law. The vortex radii scale with the energy-containing length scale. Collisions between quasi-particles lead either to annihilation (likewise rotation, turbulent dissipation) or to scattering (counterrotation, turbulent diffusion). There are analogies with birth and death processes of population dynamics and their master equations. For free homogeneous decay the theory predicts the TKE to follow 1/t. With an adiabatic condition at the wall it predicts the logarithmic law with von Karman's constant as 1/\\sqrt{2 pi} = 0.399. Likewise rotating couples form dissipative patches almost at rest ($\\rightarrow$ intermittency) wherein the spectrum evolves like an "Apollonian gear" as discussed first by Herrmann, 1990. On this basis the prefactor of the 3D-wavenumber spectrum is predicted as (1/3)(4 pi)^{2/3}=1.8; in the Lagrangian frequency spectrum it is simply 2. The results are situated well within the scatter range of observational, experimental and DNS results.

Helmut Z. Baumert

2012-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

140

Nanocrystallization Reactions and Kinetics, Chemical Partitioning ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Primary nanocrystallization reactions and kinetics will be discussed for selected FeCo-based ... Search of Half-Metallic Heusler Alloys and their Applications to ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motion kinetic en" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Aluminium Dissolution Kinetics in Caustic Media  

• Žuti?, V. and Stumm, W. (1984) Effect of organic acids and fluoride on the dissolution kinetics of hydrous alumina. A model study using the rotating disk

142

Investigating Grain Boundary Structure-Kinetic Property ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Grain boundary energy landscapes contain all the information that is required to describe the kinetic behavior of grain boundaries (GBs).

143

Thermodynamic and Kinetic Simulation and Experimental Results ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Through the use of thermodynamic and kinetic modeling software, NETL has designed a systematic method that has been successfully developed to design an ...

144

On the Exchange of Kinetic and Magnetic Energy Between Clouds and the Interstellar Medium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate, through 2D MHD numerical simulations, the interaction of a uniform magnetic field oblique to a moving interstellar cloud. In particular we explore the transformation of cloud kinetic energy into magnetic energy as a result of field line stretching. Some previous simulations have emphasized the possible dynamical importance of a ``magnetic shield'' formed around clouds when the magnetic field is perpendicular to the cloud motion (Jones et al. 1996, Miniati et al. 1998). It was not clear, however, how dependent those findings were to the assumed field configuration and cloud properties. To expand our understanding of this effect, we examine several new cases by varing the magnetic field orientation angle with respect to the cloud motion (\\theta), the cloud-background density contrast, and the cloud Mach number. We show that in 2D and with \\theta large enough, the magnetic field tension can become dominant in the dynamics of the motion of high density contrast, low Mach number clouds. In such cases a significant fraction of cloud kinetic energy can be transformed into magnetic energy with the magnetic pressure at the cloud nose exceeding the ram pressure of the impinging flow. We derive a characteristic timescale for this process of energy ``conversion''. We find also that unless the cloud motion is highly aligned to the magnetic field, reconnection through tearing mode instabilities in the cloud wake limit the formation of a strong flux rope feature following the cloud. Finally we attempt to interpret some observational properties of the magnetic field in view of our results.

Francesco Miniati; T. W. Jones; Dongsu Ryu

1999-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

145

System and method for generating motion corrected tomographic images  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and related system for generating motion corrected tomographic images includes the steps of illuminating a region of interest (ROI) to be imaged being part of an unrestrained live subject and having at least three spaced apart optical markers thereon. Simultaneous images are acquired from a first and a second camera of the markers from different angles. Motion data comprising 3D position and orientation of the markers relative to an initial reference position is then calculated. Motion corrected tomographic data obtained from the ROI using the motion data is then obtained, where motion corrected tomographic images obtained therefrom.

Gleason, Shaun S. (Knoxville, TN); Goddard, Jr., James S. (Knoxville, TN)

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

ERNSTMORITZARNDTUNIVERSITAT Absolute number density and kinetic analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

plasma-chemical reactions. Therefore, from the analysis of their kinetics, one can learn more about of the technical applications, many plasma­chemical processes within the discharges as well as mechanisms determines all electron induced plasma-chemical processes and hence influences the kinetics of species

Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

147

Kinetics of Enzymatic Depolymerization of Guar Galactomannan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is used as a rheology modifier in many of its applications, previous kinetic studies have been limitedKinetics of Enzymatic Depolymerization of Guar Galactomannan Shamsheer Mahammad, Robert K. Prud'homme, George W. Roberts,*, and Saad A. Khan*, Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, North

Khan, Saad A.

148

Chemical kinetics and oil shale process design  

SciTech Connect

Oil shale processes are reviewed with the goal of showing how chemical kinetics influences the design and operation of different processes for different types of oil shale. Reaction kinetics are presented for organic pyrolysis, carbon combustion, carbonate decomposition, and sulfur and nitrogen reactions.

Burnham, A.K.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Kinetic advantage of controlled intermediate nuclear fusion  

SciTech Connect

The dominated process of controlled fusion is to let nuclei gain enough kinetic energy to overcome Coulomb barrier. As a result, a fusion scheme can consider two factors in its design: to increase kinetic energy of nuclei and to alter the Coulomb barrier. Cold Fusion and Hot fusion are all one-factor schemes while Intermediate Fusion is a twofactors scheme. This made CINF kinetically superior. Cold Fusion reduces deuteron-deuteron distance, addressing Coulomb barrier, and Hot Fusion heat up plasma into extreme high temperature, addressing kinetic energy. Without enough kinetic energy made Cold Fusion skeptical. Extreme high temperature made Hot Fusion very difficult to engineer. Because CIFN addresses both factors, CIFN is a more promising technique to be industrialized.

Guo Xiaoming [Physics and Computer Science Department, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario, N2L 3C5 (Canada)

2012-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

150

The equation of motion of an electron  

SciTech Connect

We review the current status of understanding of the equation of motion of an electron. Classically, a consistent, linearized theory exists for an electron of finite extent, as long as the size of the electron is larger than the classical electron radius. Nonrelativistic quantum mechanics seems to offer a fine theory even in the point particle limit. Although there is as yet no convincing calculation, it is probable that a quantum electrodynamical result will be at least as well-behaved as is the nonrelativistic quantum mechanical results. {copyright} {ital 1999 American Institute of Physics.}

Kim, K. [Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 and The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637 (United States); Sessler, A.M. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

The equation of motion of an electron.  

SciTech Connect

We review the current status of understanding of the equation of motion of an electron. Classically, a consistent linearized theory exists for an electron of finite extent, as long as the size of the electron is larger than the classical electron radius. Nonrelativistic quantum mechanics seems to offer a fine theory even in the point particle limit. Although there is as yet no convincing calculation, it is probable that a quantum electrodynamical result will be at least as well-behaved as is the nonrelativistic quantum mechanical results.

Kim, K.-J.

1998-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

152

Error Reduction for Weigh-In-Motion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Federal and State agencies need certifiable vehicle weights for various applications, such as highway inspections, border security, check points, and port entries. ORNL weigh-in-motion (WIM) technology was previously unable to provide certifiable weights, due to natural oscillations, such as vehicle bouncing and rocking. Recent ORNL work demonstrated a novel filter to remove these oscillations. This work shows further filtering improvements to enable certifiable weight measurements (error < 0.1%) for a higher traffic volume with less effort (elimination of redundant weighing).

Hively, Lee M [ORNL; Abercrombie, Robert K [ORNL; Scudiere, Matthew B [ORNL; Sheldon, Frederick T [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Relativistic Brownian motion: From a microscopic binary collision model to the Langevin equation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Langevin equation (LE) for the one-dimensional relativistic Brownian motion is derived from a microscopic collision model. The model assumes that a heavy point-like Brownian particle interacts with the lighter heat bath particles via elastic hard-core collisions. First, the commonly known, non-relativistic LE is deduced from this model, by taking into account the non-relativistic conservation laws for momentum and kinetic energy. Subsequently, this procedure is generalized to the relativistic case. There, it is found that the relativistic stochastic force is still $\\gd$-correlated (white noise) but does \\emph{no} longer correspond to a Gaussian white noise process. Explicit results for the friction and momentum-space diffusion coefficients are presented and discussed.

Jörn Dunkel; Peter Hänggi

2006-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

154

Absolute motion Galilean relativity (hence Einstein’s) not correct  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The concept of relativity of motion was first introduced by Galileo. In his principle of invariance he stated that the laws of motion are the same in all inertial frames. He used the Galileo’s ship thought experiment in his argument, among other arguments. This principle of invariance was then modified by Einstein (special relativity), which included the speed of light to be invariant in all inertial frames. Therefore, the relativity theory we know today is based on Galileo’s principle of invariance. There is no sound argument yet in support of relativity of motion. Simply because an observer hasn’t been able to identify between illusion of motion and real motion cannot be taken as a sound argument to support relativity of motion. However, in the usual arguments of relativity of motion, to detect absolute motion is difficult. In this paper, a sound argument against Galileo’s principle of invariance will be presented, which will prove the notion of absolute motion to be correct and disprove relativity of motion, both Galileo’s and Einstein’s. Discussion Imagine two hypothetical identical solar systems in space, initially at rest relative to each other, separated by some distance, with an observer in each solar system. For simplicity, assume that each solar system has one sun and one planet only, the two solar systems do not affect each other, and that the planetary orbits are both circular.

Henok Tadesse; Electrical Engineer

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Lorentz transformations with arbitrary line of motion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sometimes it becomes a matter of natural choice for an observer (A) that he prefers a coordinate system of two-dimensional spatial x-y coordinates from which he observes another observer (B) who is moving at a uniform speed along a line of motion, which is not collinear with As chosen x or y axis. It becomes necessary in such cases to develop Lorentz transformations where the line of motion is not aligned with either the x or the y-axis. In this paper we develop these transformations and show that under such transformations, two orthogonal systems (in their respective frames) appear non-orthogonal to each other. We also illustrate the usefulness of the transformation by applying it to three problems including the rod-slot problem. The derivation has been done before using vector algebra. Such derivations assume that the axes of K and K-prime are parallel. Our method uses matrix algebra and shows that the axes of K and K-prime do not remain parallel, and in fact K and K-prime which are properly orthogonal are observed to be non-orthogonal by K-prime and K respectively. http://www.iop.org/EJ/abstract/0143-0807/28/2/004

Chandru Iyer; G. M. Prabhu

2008-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

156

Model simplification of chemical kinetic systems under uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis investigates the impact of uncertainty on the reduction and simplification of chemical kinetics mechanisms. Chemical kinetics simulations of complex fuels are very computationally expensive, especially when ...

Coles, Thomas Michael Kyte

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Predicting Merger-Induced Gas Motions in LCDM Galaxy Clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the hierarchical structure formation model, clusters of galaxies form through a sequence of mergers and continuous mass accretion, which generate significant random gas motions especially in their outskirts where material is actively accreting. Non-thermal pressure provided by the internal gas motions affects the thermodynamic structure of the X-ray emitting intracluster plasma and introduces biases in the physical interpretation of X-ray and Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect observations. However, we know very little about the nature of gas motions in galaxy clusters. The ASTRO-H X-ray mission, scheduled to launch in 2015, will have a calorimeter capable of measuring gas motions in galaxy clusters at the level of gas motions expected in the LCDM model using hydrodynamical simulations of galaxy cluster formation, focusing on the merger-induced gas motions. We show that the gas velocity dispersion is larger in more massive clusters, but exhibits large ...

Nagai, Daisuke; Avestruz, Camille; Nelson, Kaylea; Rudd, Douglas H

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Modeling of Reactor Kinetics and Dynamics  

SciTech Connect

In order to model a full fuel cycle in a nuclear reactor, it is necessary to simulate the short time-scale kinetic behavior of the reactor as well as the long time-scale dynamics that occur with fuel burnup. The former is modeled using the point kinetics equations, while the latter is modeled by coupling fuel burnup equations with the kinetics equations. When the equations are solved simultaneously with a nonlinear equation solver, the end result is a code with the unique capability of modeling transients at any time during a fuel cycle.

Matthew Johnson; Scott Lucas; Pavel Tsvetkov

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

3D Arm Motion Tracking for Home-based Rehabilitation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter 13 3D Arm Motion Tracking for Home-based Rehabilitation Y. Tao and H. Hu 13.1 Introduction This paper presents a real-time hybrid solution to articulated 3D arm motion tracking for home-based of articulated objects, e.g., human upper limbs. The purpose is to develop a 3D motion tracking model for home-based

Hu, Huosheng

160

Potomac Electric Power Company's Motion to Intervene and Comment...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to Intervene and Comment in Support of Emergency Petition and Complaint Potomac Electric Power Company's Motion to Intervene and Comment in Support of Emergency Petition and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motion kinetic en" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Experimental investigations of lip motion in brass instrument playing.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The precise nature of the motion of the lips of the musician is critically important to the sound of the brass wind instrument. The player… (more)

Stevenson, Samuel D. F.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Joint Motion to Intervene of Northern States Power Company (Minnesota...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

States Power Company (Minnesota) et al. on the Proposed Open Access Requirements Joint Motion to Intervene of Northern States Power Company (Minnesota) et al. on the...

163

Wind for Schools Portal Motion Chart | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon Wind for Schools Portal Motion Chart Jump to: navigation, search Wind for Schools Portal Home...

164

Effects of gravity on capillary motion of fluid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new experimental approach provides good visualization of the fluid capillary motion along the rectangular groove corners. A hydrodynamically controlled rewetting model

S. H. Chan; T. R. Shen; G. D. Proffitt; B. Singh

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Transformation of the equatorial proper motion to the Galactic system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I present simple analytical equations to transform proper motion vectors from equatorial to Galactic coordinates. These equations do not appear in the literature.

Poleski, Rados?aw

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Free motion in deformed (quantum) four-dimensional space  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is shown that trajectories of free motion of the particles in deformed ("quantum") four dimensional space-time are quadratic curves.

A. N. Leznov

2007-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

167

Wall and laser spot motion in cylindrical hohlraums  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wall and laser spot motion measurements in empty, propane-filled and plastic (CH)-lined gold coated cylindrical hohlraums were performed on the Omega laser facility [T. R. Boehly et al., Opt. Commun. 133, 495 (1997)]. Wall motion was measured using axial two-dimensional (2D) x-ray imaging and laser spot motion was perpendicularly observed through a thinned wall using streaked hard x-ray imaging. Experimental results and 2D hydrodynamic simulations show that while empty targets exhibit on-axis plasma collision, CH-lined and propane-filled targets inhibit wall expansion, corroborated with perpendicular streaked imaging showing a slower motion of laser spots.

Huser, G.; Courtois, C.; Monteil, M.-C. [CEA, DAM, DIF, F-91297 Arpajon (France)

2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

168

Microsoft Word - CCCNH Motion to Intervene  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Campton Conservation Commission Campton Conservation Commission c/o Campton Selectmen's Office 12 Gearty Way Campton, NH 03223 13 September 2013 Mr. Christopher Lawrence Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE-20) US Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585 Re: Northern Pass Transmission, LLC, Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-371 Dear Mr. Lawrence: Pursuant to Rules 212 and 214 of the Rules of Practice and Procedure of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (18 CFR 385.212 and 214 [2010]), we are enclosing for filing our Motion to Intervene to the above-captioned proceeding. In accordance with the Notice of Application for this proceeding (75 FR 69990), we are enclosing fifteen (15) copies.

169

Solid state engine with alternating motion  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Heat energy is converted to mechanical motion utilizing apparatus including a cylinder, a piston having openings therein reciprocable in the cylinder, inlet and outlet ports for warm water at one end of the cylinder, inlet and outlet ports for cool water at the other end of the cylinder, gates movable with the piston and slidably engaging the cylinder wall to alternately open and close the warm and cool water ports, a spring bearing against the warm water side of the piston and a double helix of a thermal shape memory material attached to the cool end of the cylinder and to the piston. The piston is caused to reciprocate by alternately admitting cool water and warm water to the cylinder.

Golestaneh, A.A.

1980-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

170

Constructive Methods of Invariant Manifolds for Kinetic Problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the Constructive Methods of Invariant Manifolds for model reduction in physical and chemical kinetics, developed during last two decades. The problem of reduced description is studied as a problem of constructing the slow invariant manifold. The invariance conditions are formulated as the differential equation for a manifold immersed in the phase space (the invariance equation). The equation of motion for immersed manifolds is obtained (the film extension of the dynamics). Invariant manifolds are fixed points for this equation, and slow invariant manifolds are Lyapunov stable fixed points, thus slowness is presented as stability. A collection of methods for construction of slow invariant manifolds is presented, in particular the analogue of KAM methods for dissipative systems. We systematically consider a discrete analogue of the slow (stable) positively invariant manifolds for dissipative systems, invariant grids. The following examples of applications are presented: Nonperturbative deviation of physically consistent hydrodynamics from the Boltzmann equation and from the reversible dynamics, for Knudsen numbers ~ 1; construction of the moment equations for nonequilibrium media and their dynamical correction (instead of extension of list of variables) to gain more accuracy in description of highly nonequilibrium flows; invariant grids for chemical reactions; universal continuous media description of dilute polymeric solution, etc.

A. N. Gorban; I. V. Karlin; A. Yu. Zinovyev

2003-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

171

Plasma transport induced by kinetic Alfven wave turbulence  

SciTech Connect

At the Earth's magnetopause that separates the hot-tenuous magnetospheric plasma from the cold dense solar wind plasma, often seen is a boundary layer where plasmas of both origins coexist. Plasma diffusions of various forms have been considered as the cause of this plasma mixing. Here, we investigate the plasma transport induced by wave-particle interaction in kinetic Alfven wave (KAW) turbulence, which is one of the candidate processes. We clarify that the physical origin of the KAW-induced cross-field diffusion is the drift motions of those particles that are in Cerenkov resonance with the wave: E Multiplication-Sign B-like drift that emerges in the presence of non-zero parallel electric field component and grad-B drift due to compressional magnetic fluctuations. We find that KAW turbulence, which has a spectral breakpoint at which an MHD inertial range transits to a dissipation range, causes selective transport for particles whose parallel velocities are specified by the local Alfven velocity and the parallel phase velocity at the spectral breakpoint. This finding leads us to propose a new data analysis method for identifying whether or not a mixed plasma in the boundary layer is a consequence of KAW-induced transport across the magnetopause. The method refers to the velocity space distribution function data obtained by a spacecraft that performs in situ observations and, in principle, is applicable to currently available dataset such as that provided by the NASA's THEMIS mission.

Izutsu, T. [Department of Earth and Planetary Science, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 133-0033 (Japan); Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Chuo-ku, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-5210 (Japan); Hasegawa, H.; Fujimoto, M. [Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Chuo-ku, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-5210 (Japan); Nakamura, T. K. M. [X-Computational Physics Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

172

Rainfall Kinetic Energy in Eastern Australia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rainfall kinetic energy is a commonly used climatic parameter for the prediction of soil erosion by water. Such a parameter is difficult to measure and is usually estimated from relationships established between rainfall energy and rainfall ...

Colin John Rosewell

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Kinetic Energy LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Name Kinetic Energy LLC Place Texas Utility Id 56210 Utility Location Yes Ownership R NERC ERCOT Yes ISO Ercot Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861...

174

AER NY Kinetics LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Database. This company is involved in the following MHK Projects: Ogdensburg Kinetic Energy Project This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Retrieved...

175

Kinetic Energy and the Equivalence Principle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

According to the general theory of relativity, kinetic energy contributes to gravitational mass. Surprisingly, the observational evidence for this prediction does not seem to be discussed in the literature. I reanalyze existing experimental data to test the equivalence principle for the kinetic energy of atomic electrons, and show that fairly strong limits on possible violations can be obtained. I discuss the relationship of this result to the occasional claim that ``light falls with twice the acceleration of ordinary matter.''

S. Carlip

1999-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

176

A general kinetic model: Kinetics and atomic-scale mechanisms of feldspar dissolution.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis presents a general kinetic model and its application to feldspar dissolution. In the framework of Monte Carlo methods, the model simulates the stochastic… (more)

Zhang, Li

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

The Multiplexed Chemical Kinetic Photoionization Mass Spectrometer: A New Approach To Isomer-resolved Chemical Kinetics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

instruments applied to analysis of complex chemical mixturesrelies on chemical separation (by chromatography) into pureThe multiplexed chemical kinetic photoionization mass

Osborne, David L.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Kinetic Theory of Plasma Waves - Part III: Inhomogeneous Plasma  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Kinetic Theory / Proceedings of the Ninth Carolus Magnus Summer School on Plasma and Fusion Energy Physics

P. U. Lamalle

179

Kinetic Theory of Plasma Waves - Part I: Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Kinetic Theory / Proceedings of the Ninth Carolus Magnus Summer School on Plasma and Fusion Energy Physics

P. U. Lamalle

180

Interpreting motion events of pairs of moving objects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

When accumulating large quantities of positional data with ubiquitous positioning techniques, methods are required that can efficiently make use of these data. This work proposes a representation that approximates motion events of pairs of objects. It ... Keywords: Change in direction, Motion events/patterns, Spatiotemporal reasoning

Björn Gottfried

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motion kinetic en" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Investigation on Virtual Assembly and Motion Simulation of Scroll Compressor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is efficient and economic to excogitate new product of a scroll compressor by means of virtual design. It accords with development and requirement of scroll compressors products currently. Virtual assembly and motion simulation is important process ... Keywords: scroll compressor, virtual assembly, assembly scheme, motion simulation

Haisheng Li; Yinghua Chen

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Programmable motion and patterning of molecules on solid surfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) Adsorbed on a solid surface, a molecule can migrate and carry an electric dipole moment. A nonuniform electric field can direct the motion of the molecule. A collection of the same molecules may aggregate and programmable molec- ular cars. This paper develops a phase field model to simulate the molecular motion

Suo, Zhigang

183

Underwater Human-Robot Interaction via Biological Motion Identification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Underwater Human-Robot Interaction via Biological Motion Identification Junaed Sattar and Gregory: {junaed, dudek}@cim.mcgill.ca Abstract-- We present an algorithm for underwater robots to visually detect pertaining to biological motion. This technique is applied to track scuba divers in underwater domains

Dudek, Gregory

184

Integrative path planning and motion control for handling large components  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For handling large components a large workspace and high precision are required. In order to simplify the path planning for automated handling systems, this task can be divided into global, regional and local motions. Accordingly, different types of ... Keywords: integrative production, motion control, path planning, robotic assembly application

Rainer Müller; Martin Esser; Markus Janssen

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Motion capture system using single-track gray code  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we describe a high speed optical motion capture method that has a simple mechanism. We use a light shielding filter using a pattern of Single-Track Gray Code (STGC) [1] absolute encoder to take location of IR light marker tags instead ... Keywords: infrared light, motion capture, single-track gray code

Tomoko Fujii; Hideaki Nii; Takuji Tokiwa; Maki Sugimoto; Masahiko Inami

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Motion Estimation of Articulated Objects from Perspective Views  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Motion estimation of articulated objects with two subparts from monocular images are studied in this paper for three cases: 1) one subpart translates, and the other one rotates around the joint; 2) the two rotation axes of the subparts are parallel to ... Keywords: articulated object, joint, motion estimation, point correspondence

Xiaoyun Zhang; Yuncai Liu; Thomas S. Huang

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Vertical Motion in the Gulf Stream Near 68°W  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors compute and compare vertical motions from three different data sources within a 300-km square domain centered in the Gulf Stream near 38°N, 68°W, and show that vertical motions inferred from all three independent data sources and ...

Scott S. Lindstrom; D. Pandolph Watts

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Method and apparatus for planning motions of robot manipulators  

SciTech Connect

Method and apparatus for automatically planning motions of robot manipulators. The invention rapidly finds a collision-free path in a cluttered robot environment, if one exists, from any starting configuration of the robot manipulator to any ending configuration. The time to solution of a motion planning problem is not uniform, but proportional to the complexity of the problem.

Chen, Pang C. (4000 Camino De La Sierra, N.E., Albuquerque, NM 87111); Hwang, Yong K. (9036 Walter Bambrook, N.E., Albuquerque, NM 87122)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Anomalous kinetic energy of a system of dust particles in a gas discharge plasma  

SciTech Connect

The system of equations of motion of dust particles in a near-electrode layer of a gas discharge has been formulated taking into account fluctuations of the charge of a dust particle and the features of the nearelectrode layer of the discharge. The molecular dynamics simulation of the system of dust particles has been carried out. Performing a theoretical analysis of the simulation results, a mechanism of increasing the average kinetic energy of dust particles in the gas discharge plasma has been proposed. According to this mechanism, the heating of the vertical oscillations of dust particles is initiated by induced oscillations generated by fluctuations of the charge of dust particles, and the energy transfer from vertical to horizontal oscillations can be based on the parametric resonance phenomenon. The combination of the parametric and induced resonances makes it possible to explain an anomalously high kinetic energy of dust particles. The estimate of the frequency, amplitude, and kinetic energy of dust particles are close to the respective experimental values.

Norman, G. E., E-mail: norman@ihed.ras.ru; Stegailov, V. V., E-mail: stegailov@gmail.com; Timofeev, A. V., E-mail: timofeevalvl@gmail.com [Russian Academy of Sciences, Joint Institute for High Temperatures (Russian Federation)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

190

ARM - Evaluation Product - Vertical Air Motion during Large-Scale  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ProductsVertical Air Motion during Large-Scale ProductsVertical Air Motion during Large-Scale Stratiform Rain Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Evaluation Product : Vertical Air Motion during Large-Scale Stratiform Rain Site(s) NIM SGP General Description The Vertical Air Motion during Large-Scale Stratiform Rain (VERVELSR) value-added product (VAP) uses the unique properties of a 95-GHz radar Doppler velocity spectra to produce vertical profiles of air motion during low-to-moderate (1-20 mm/hr) rainfall events It is designed to run at ARM sites that include a W-band ARM cloud radar (WACR) radar with spectra data processing. The VERVELSR VAP, based on the work of Giangrande et al. (2010), operates by exploiting a resonance effect that occurs in

191

ARM - Evaluation Product - KAZR and MWACR Ship Motion Corrections  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ProductsKAZR and MWACR Ship Motion Corrections ProductsKAZR and MWACR Ship Motion Corrections Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Evaluation Product : KAZR and MWACR Ship Motion Corrections 2012.09.22 - 2013.01.08 Site(s) MAG General Description The second ARM mobile facility has been configured to take advantage of ship-board deployments. At issue is how the motion at sea during these deployments affects the vertically-pointing cloud radars. Two radars of this type - the Ka-band ARM Zenith Radar (KAZR) and the Marine W-band ARM Cloud Radar (MWACR) - are instruments used in ARM's first ship-based field campaign. Each of these radars requires post-processing to account for the ship's motion across the open ocean. The primary adjustments that must be

192

OpenEI:Projects/Motion Charts | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Charts Charts Jump to: navigation, search Contents 1 Motion Chart Creation for OpenEI Admin 2 Setting up the Data and Getting Embed Code 3 Create Your OpenEI Widget 4 Finish the Widget 5 Finished Product Motion Chart Creation for OpenEI Admin If you are an OpenEI administrator and are interested in creating a motion chart widget, you've come to the right place! Setting up the Data and Getting Embed Code The basic information about organizing your data, using Google Docs and Google's motion chart, and getting the embed code (Steps 1 to 3) is available here:Help:Motion_Chart The next steps are: Create Your OpenEI Widget Now that you have your code, its time to set-up your widget: Log-in at OpenEI In the search box, type Widget:Example and replace example with the name of your widget

193

Motion Planning for a Direct Metal Deposition Rapid Prototyping System  

SciTech Connect

A motion planning strategy was developed and implemented to generate motion control instructions from solid model data for controlling a robotically driven solid free-form fabrication process. The planning strategy was tested using a PUMA type robot arm integrated into a LENS{trademark} (Laser Engineered Net Shape) system. Previous systems relied on a series of x, y, and z stages, to provide a minimal coordinated motion control capability. This limited the complexity of geometries that could be constructed. With the coordinated motion provided by a robotic arm, the system can produce three dimensional parts by ''writing'' material onto any face of existing material. The motion planning strategy relied on solid model geometry evaluation and exploited robotic positioning flexibility to allow the construction of geometrically complex parts. The integration of the robotic manipulator into the LENS{trademark} system was tested by producing metal parts directly from CAD models.

AMES,ARLO L.; HENSINGER,DAVID M.; KUHLMANN,JOEL L.

1999-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

194

Ground Motion Studies at NuMI  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ground motion can cause significant deterioration in the luminosity of a linear collider. Vibration of numerous focusing magnets causes continuous misalignments, which makes the beam emittance grow. For this reason, understanding the seismic vibration of all potential LC sites is essential and related efforts in many sites are ongoing. In this document we summarize the results from the studies specific to Fermilab grounds as requested by the LC project leader at FNAL, Shekhar Mishra in FY04-FY06. The Northwestern group focused on how the ground motion effects vary with depth. Knowledge of depth dependence of the seismic activity is needed in order to decide how deep the LC tunnel should be at sites like Fermilab. The measurements were made in the NuMI tunnel, see Figure 1. We take advantage of the fact that from the beginning to the end of the tunnel there is a height difference of about 350 ft and that there are about five different types of dolomite layers. The support received allowed to pay for three months of salary of Michal Szleper. During this period he worked a 100% of his time in this project. That include one week of preparation: 2.5 months of data taking and data analysis during the full period of the project in order to guarantee that we were recording high quality data. We extended our previous work and made more systematic measurements, which included detailed studies on stability of the vibration amplitudes at different depths over long periods of time. As a consequence, a better control and more efficient averaging out of the daytime variation effects were possible, and a better study of other time dependences before the actual depth dependence was obtained. Those initial measurements were made at the surface and are summarized in Figure 2. All measurements are made with equipment that we already had (two broadband seismometers KS200 from GEOTECH and DL-24 portable data recorder). The offline data analysis took advantage of the full Fourier spectra information and the noise was properly subtracted. The basic formalism is summarized if Figure 3. The second objective was to make a measurement deeper under ground (Target hall, Absorber hall and Minos hall - 150 ft to 350 ft), which previous studies did not cover. All results are summarized in Figure 3 and 4. The measurements were covering a frequency range between 0.1 to 50 Hz. The data was taken continuously for at least a period of two weeks in each of the locations. We concluded that the dependence on depth is weak, if any, for frequencies above 1 Hz and not visible at all at lower frequencies. Most of the attenuation (factor of about 2-3) and damping of ground motion that is due to cultural activity at the surface is not detectable once we are below 150 ft underground. Therefore, accelerator currently under consideration can be build at the depth and there is no need to go deeper underground is built at Fermi National Laboratory.

Mayda M. Velasco; Michal Szleper

2012-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

195

Kinetics of PBX9404 Aging  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

PBX 9404 is an early formulation of HMX from which we can learn about the effects of aging in the weapons stockpile. Of particular interest is the presence of 3% nitrocellulose in PBX 9404 as an energetic binder. Nitrocellulose is used pervasively in smokeless gunpowders and was formerly used extensively in the film and art preservation industries. It is well known that nitrocellulose decomposes autocatalytically, and stabilizers, such as the diphenylamine used in PBX 9404, are used to retard its decomposition. Even so, its lifetime is still limited, and the reactions eventually leading to catastrophic autocatalysis are still not understood well despite years of work. In addition to reducing the available energy in the explosive, degradation of nitrocellulose affects the mechanical properties of the pressed PBX 9404 parts by the associated reduction in molecular weight, which reduces the strength of the binder. A structural formula for a monomer of the nitrocellulose used in PBX 9404 is shown. The initial nitration level is 2.3 of 3.0 possible sites, and they have different reactivities. Degradation of nitrocellulose affects many properties. As an aid in examining historical chemical analysis data, several measures of degradation are given for the simple replacement of a nitro group with a hydrogen. The weight percent of nitrocellulose remaining for an initial concentration of 3% as used in PBX 9404 is also given. Of course, the real degradation reaction is more complicated, including chain scission and crosslinking reactions giving other gas species. During the course of this work, we spent considerable time addressing the question, ''Why is PBX 9404 blue?'' There was actually considerable controversy in the color evolution with aging, and the situation was clarified by Ben Richardson at Pantex. Workers there assured us that PBX 9404 starts with an ivory color. Drying the prill prior to pressing turns it a mottled blue, and well-preserved prill samples retain a blue color decades after formulation. Subsequently, heat and light both send it through a progression of colors from grayish blue, blue-green, green, brown, dirty yellow, mottled tan, and eventually pale tan. The progression is accelerated by oxygen and possibly moisture, as has been shown in several accelerated aging studies. The precise compounds causing the color evolution are uncertain, but they are undoubtedly a progression of quinoidal, nitroso, and nitrated DPA compounds. For example, paranitroso DPA is deep blue. Unfortunately, the location of various nitrated DPAs, which ranged from yellow to orange to red to brown and which were used by Pantex as analytical standards in the 1970s, is not currently known. While the color change is indicative of aging, it is by no means a quantitative measure of the extent of nitrocellulose degradation. Inspection of the literature yielded a variety of kinetic models, and the activation energy typically ranges from 25-35 kcal/mol for T<100 C. This literature qualitatively predicts times for 30% decomposition ranging from a few days at 100 C to 1-2 years at 50 C to 50 years at room temperature. To develop a quantitative model, we used the data of Leider and Seaton, which were collected at conditions most closely matching stockpile conditions for any data set we had available. They used PBX 9404 heated as pressed pellets in closed vessels at temperatures ranging from 50 to 100 C for times up to three years, and they report mass loss, gas yield and composition, and chemical analysis of the residual solid by methods used in stockpile surveillance. Initial kinetic analysis of the weight of remaining nitrocellulose as measured by liquid chromatography and the loss of nitrate esters by a colorimetric technique gave an activation energy of 27 kcal/mol. However, the reaction is complex due to the different stability of the three nitroester positions, and this complexity required either parallel first-order reactions or an nth-order reaction (n=3.6), which is mathematically equivalent to a Gamma distribution of frequency factors

Burnham, A K; Fried, L E

2006-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

196

Multiple temperature kinetic model and gas-kinetic method for hypersonic non-equilibrium flow computations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is well known that for increasingly rarefied flowfields, the predictions from continuum formulation, such as the Navier-Stokes equations lose accuracy. For the high speed diatomic molecular flow in the transitional regime, the inaccuracies are partially ... Keywords: Gas-kinetic method, Hypersonic and rarefied flows, Multiple temperature kinetic model

Kun Xu; Xin He; Chunpei Cai

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Intrinsic Motions Along an Enzymatic Reaction Trajectory  

SciTech Connect

The mechanisms by which enzymes achieve extraordinary rate acceleration and specificity have long been of key interest in biochemistry. It is generally recognized that substrate binding coupled to conformational changes of the substrate-enzyme complex aligns the reactive groups in an optimal environment for efficient chemistry. Although chemical mechanisms have been elucidated for many enzymes, the question of how enzymes achieve the catalytically competent state has only recently become approachable by experiment and computation. Here we show crystallographic evidence for conformational substates along the trajectory towards the catalytically competent 'closed' state in the ligand-free form of the enzyme adenylate kinase. Molecular dynamics simulations indicate that these partially closed conformations are sampled in nanoseconds, whereas nuclear magnetic resonance and single-molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer reveal rare sampling of a fully closed conformation occurring on the microsecond-to-millisecond timescale. Thus, the larger-scale motions in substrate-free adenylate kinase are not random, but preferentially follow the pathways that create the configuration capable of proficient chemistry. Such preferred directionality, encoded in the fold, may contribute to catalysis in many enzymes.

Henzler-Wildman,K.; Thai, V.; Lei, M.; Ott, M.; Wolf-Watz, M.; Fenn, T.; Pozharski, E.; Wilson, M.; Petsko, G.; et al

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Atomic Models for Motional Stark Effects Diagnostics  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We present detailed atomic physics models for motional Stark effects (MSE) diagnostic on magnetic fusion devices. Excitation and ionization cross sections of the hydrogen or deuterium beam traveling in a magnetic field in collisions with electrons, ions, and neutral gas are calculated in the first Born approximation. The density matrices and polarization states of individual Stark-Zeeman components of the Balmer {alpha} line are obtained for both beam into plasma and beam into gas models. A detailed comparison of the model calculations and the MSE polarimetry and spectral intensity measurements obtained at the DIII-D tokamak is carried out. Although our beam into gas models provide a qualitative explanation for the larger {pi}/{sigma} intensity ratios and represent significant improvements over the statistical population models, empirical adjustment factors ranging from 1.0-2.0 must still be applied to individual line intensities to bring the calculations into full agreement with the observations. Nevertheless, we demonstrate that beam into gas measurements can be used successfully as calibration procedures for measuring the magnetic pitch angle through {pi}/{sigma} intensity ratios. The analyses of the filter-scan polarization spectra from the DIII-D MSE polarimetry system indicate unknown channel and time dependent light contaminations in the beam into gas measurements. Such contaminations may be the main reason for the failure of beam into gas calibration on MSE polarimetry systems.

Gu, M F; Holcomb, C; Jayakuma, J; Allen, S; Pablant, N A; Burrell, K

2007-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

199

Bubble oscillations and motion under vibration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bubbles under vibration can behave in unusual ways, e.g., moving downward against the force of buoyancy. While the bubble downward motion due to the Bjerknes force is well known at acoustic frequencies close to the bubble resonant frequency, these experiments demonstrate that these effects can be observed at relatively low frequencies as well. Experiments were performed in a thin, quasi-two-dimensional rectangular acrylic box partially filled with 20-cSt PDMS silicone oil with overlying ambient air. The apparatus was subjected to sinusoidal axial vibration that produced breakup of the gas-liquid free surface, producing liquid jets into the air, droplets pinching off from these jets, gas cavities in the liquid from impacts of these droplets, and bubble transport below the interface. Vibration conditions for the attached videos are 280 Hz frequency, 15 g acceleration, and 94 micron peak-to-peak displacement. Behaviors shown in the videos include the following. 1. Free surface breakup into jets and droplets, and...

O'Hern, Tim; Torczynski, John

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Chemical Kinetic Modeling of Advanced Transportation Fuels  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Development of detailed chemical kinetic models for advanced petroleum-based and nonpetroleum based fuels is a difficult challenge because of the hundreds to thousands of different components in these fuels and because some of these fuels contain components that have not been considered in the past. It is important to develop detailed chemical kinetic models for these fuels since the models can be put into engine simulation codes used for optimizing engine design for maximum efficiency and minimal pollutant emissions. For example, these chemistry-enabled engine codes can be used to optimize combustion chamber shape and fuel injection timing. They also allow insight into how the composition of advanced petroleum-based and non-petroleum based fuels affect engine performance characteristics. Additionally, chemical kinetic models can be used separately to interpret important in-cylinder experimental data and gain insight into advanced engine combustion processes such as HCCI and lean burn engines. The objectives are: (1) Develop detailed chemical kinetic reaction models for components of advanced petroleum-based and non-petroleum based fuels. These fuels models include components from vegetable-oil-derived biodiesel, oil-sand derived fuel, alcohol fuels and other advanced bio-based and alternative fuels. (2) Develop detailed chemical kinetic reaction models for mixtures of non-petroleum and petroleum-based components to represent real fuels and lead to efficient reduced combustion models needed for engine modeling codes. (3) Characterize the role of fuel composition on efficiency and pollutant emissions from practical automotive engines.

PItz, W J; Westbrook, C K; Herbinet, O

2009-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motion kinetic en" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Philips Color Kinetics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Color Kinetics Color Kinetics Jump to: navigation, search Name Philips Color Kinetics Address 3 Burlington Woods Drive, 4th Floor Place Burlington, Massachusetts Zip 01803 Sector Efficiency Product LED lighting systems Website http://www.colorkinetics.com/ Coordinates 42.5005723°, -71.2042619° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.5005723,"lon":-71.2042619,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

202

Chemical kinetic modelling of hydrocarbon ignition  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Chemical kinetic modeling of hydrocarbon ignition is discussed with reference to a range of experimental configurations, including shock tubes, detonations, pulse combustors, static reactors, stirred reactors and internal combustion engines. Important conditions of temperature, pressure or other factors are examined to determine the main chemical reaction sequences responsible for chain branching and ignition, and kinetic factors which can alter the rate of ignition are identified. Hydrocarbon ignition usually involves complex interactions between physical and chemical factors, and it therefore is a suitable and often productive subject for computer simulations. In most of the studies to be discussed below, the focus of the attention is placed on the chemical features of the system. The other physical parts of each application are generally included in the form of initial or boundary conditions to the chemical kinetic parts of the problem, as appropriate for each type of application being addressed.

Westbrook, C.K.; Pitz, W.J.; Curran, H.J.; Gaffuri, P.; Marinov, N.M.

1995-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

203

Geodesic motion in General Relativity: LARES in Earth's gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

According to General Relativity, as distinct from Newtonian gravity, motion under gravity is treated by a theory that deals, initially, only with test particles. At the same time, satellite measurements deal with extended bodies. We discuss the correspondence between geodesic motion in General Relativity and the motion of an extended body by means of the Ehlers-Geroch theorem, and in the context of the recently launched LAser RElativity Satellite (LARES). Being possibly the highest mean density orbiting body in the Solar system, this satellite provides the best realization of a test particle ever reached experimentally and provides a unique possibility for testing the predictions of General Relativity.

I. Ciufolini; V. G. Gurzadyan; R. Penrose; A. Paolozzi

2013-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

204

Photonic equation of motion with application to the Lamb shift  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A photonic equation of motion is proposed which is the scalar product of four-vectors and therefore a Lorentz invariant. A photonic equation of motion, which has not been heretofore established in quantum electrodynamics (QED), would capture the quantum nature of light but yet not have the standard field-operator form, thereby making practical calculations easier to perform. The equation of motion proposed here is applied to the Lamb shift. No divergences exist, and the result agrees with the observed Lamb shift for the 1S{sub 1/2} state of hydrogen within experimental error.

Ritchie, A B

2006-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

205

Model Independent Bounds on Kinetic Mixing  

SciTech Connect

New Abelian vector bosons can kinetically mix with the hypercharge gauge boson of the Standard Model. This letter computes the model independent limits on vector bosons with masses from 1 GeV to 1 TeV. The limits arise from the numerous e{sup +}e{sup -} experiments that have been performed in this energy range and bound the kinetic mixing by {epsilon} {approx}< 0.03 for most of the mass range studied, regardless of any additional interactions that the new vector boson may have.

Hook, Anson; Izaguirre, Eder; Wacker, Jay G.; /SLAC

2011-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

206

Spontaneous motion in hierarchically assembled active matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With exquisite precision and reproducibility, cells orchestrate the cooperative action of thousands of nanometer-sized molecular motors to carry out mechanical tasks at much larger length scales, such as cell motility, division and replication. Besides their biological importance, such inherently non-equilibrium processes are an inspiration for developing biomimetic active materials from microscopic components that consume energy to generate continuous motion. Being actively driven, these materials are not constrained by the laws of equilibrium statistical mechanics and can thus exhibit highly sought-after properties such as autonomous motility, internally generated flows and self-organized beating. Starting from extensile microtubule bundles, we hierarchically assemble active analogs of conventional polymer gels, liquid crystals and emulsions. At high enough concentration, microtubules form a percolating active network characterized by internally driven chaotic flows, hydrodynamic instabilities, enhanced transport and fluid mixing. When confined to emulsion droplets, 3D networks spontaneously adsorb onto the droplet surfaces to produce highly active 2D nematic liquid crystals whose streaming flows are controlled by internally generated fractures and self-healing, as well as unbinding and annihilation of oppositely charged disclination defects. The resulting active emulsions exhibit unexpected properties, such as autonomous motility, which are not observed in their passive analogues. Taken together, these observations exemplify how assemblages of animate microscopic objects exhibit collective biomimetic properties that are starkly different from those found in materials assembled from inanimate building blocks, challenging us to develop a theoretical framework that would allow for a systematic engineering of their far-from-equilibrium material properties.

Tim Sanchez; Daniel T. N. Chen; Stephen J. DeCamp; Michael Heymann; Zvonimir Dogic

2013-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

207

DOE Defends Its Motion to Withdraw Yucca Mountain Application | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Its Motion to Withdraw Yucca Mountain Application Its Motion to Withdraw Yucca Mountain Application DOE Defends Its Motion to Withdraw Yucca Mountain Application May 27, 2010 - 2:22pm Addthis Today, the United States Department of Energy filed with the NRC's Atomic Safety and Licensing Board a reply brief making clear that its motion to withdraw the pending application to license the Yucca Mountain geologic repository is authorized by the Atomic Energy Act (AEA) and consistent with the Nuclear Waste Policy Act (NWPA). As today's filing details, the AEA vests the Department with broad authority over the disposal of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste. The NWPA does not strip the Department of that authority or otherwise compel the Department to go forward with the construction of the Yucca Mountain repository. Rather, the

208

Department of Energy Files Motion to Withdraw Yucca Mountain License  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Files Motion to Withdraw Yucca Mountain Files Motion to Withdraw Yucca Mountain License Application Department of Energy Files Motion to Withdraw Yucca Mountain License Application March 3, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - The U.S. Department of Energy today filed a motion with the Nuclear Regulatory Commission to withdraw the license application for a high-level nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain with prejudice. "President Obama is fully committed to ensuring that the Nation meets our long-term storage obligations for nuclear waste," said Department of Energy General Counsel Scott Blake Harris. "In light of the decision not to proceed with the Yucca Mountain nuclear waste repository, the President directed Secretary Chu to establish the Blue Ribbon Commission on America's

209

DOE Defends Its Motion to Withdraw Yucca Mountain Application | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Defends Its Motion to Withdraw Yucca Mountain Application Defends Its Motion to Withdraw Yucca Mountain Application DOE Defends Its Motion to Withdraw Yucca Mountain Application May 27, 2010 - 2:22pm Addthis Today, the United States Department of Energy filed with the NRC's Atomic Safety and Licensing Board a reply brief making clear that its motion to withdraw the pending application to license the Yucca Mountain geologic repository is authorized by the Atomic Energy Act (AEA) and consistent with the Nuclear Waste Policy Act (NWPA). As today's filing details, the AEA vests the Department with broad authority over the disposal of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste. The NWPA does not strip the Department of that authority or otherwise compel the Department to go forward with the construction of the Yucca Mountain repository. Rather, the

210

Mechanism design of a multi-motion automobile door  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes the design and prototype construction of a multi-motion automobile door. This design is intended to provide a unique option for the opening of an automobile by enabling the door to open in two separate ...

Edinger, Sarah T. (Sarah Tracy)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Potomac Electric Power Company's Motion for Leave to Answer and...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

for Leave to Answer and Answer to Comments and Protests Potomac Electric Power Company's Motion for Leave to Answer and Answer to Comments and Protests Docket No. EO-05-01:...

212

Correction of Motional Electric Field Measurements for Galvanic Distortion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Interactions between motional electric fields and lateral gradients in electrical conductivity (e.g., seafloor topography) produce boundary electric charges and galvanic (i.e., noninductive) secondary electric fields that result in frequency-...

Alan D. Chave; Douglas S. Luther; Christopher S. Meinen

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

On Deriving Vertical Air Motions from Cloud Radar Doppler Spectra  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method for deriving vertical air motions from cloud radar Doppler spectrum measurements is introduced. The method is applicable to cloud volumes containing small particles, in this case liquid droplets, which are assumed to trace vertical air ...

Matthew D. Shupe; Pavlos Kollias; Michael Poellot; Edwin Eloranta

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

A Potential Vorticity Tendency Diagnostic Approach for Tropical Cyclone Motion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to understand the roles of various physical processes in baroclinic tropical cyclone (TC) motion and the vertical coupling between the upper- and lower-level circulations, a new dynamical framework is advanced. A TC is treated as a ...

Liguang Wu; Bin Wang

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Motion perception with conflicting or congruent visual and vestibular cues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction: We are required on a daily basis to estimate our position and motion in space by centrally combining noisy, incomplete, and potentially conflicting or ambiguous, information from both sensory sources (e.g. ...

Rader, Andrew Alan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Tropical Cyclone Motion. A Comparison of Theory and Observation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The analytic predictions of tropical cyclone motion by Holland are shown to be in very good agreement with observations in the Australian southwest Pacific region. These results indicate that a combined linear asymmetric advection and divergence ...

Greg J. Holland

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Automatic Acquisition of Robot Motion and Sensor Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For accurate self-localization using probabilistic techniques, robots require robust models of motion and sensor characteristics. Such models are sensitive to variations in lighting conditions, terrain and other factors like robot battery strength. Each ...

A. Tuna Ozgelen; Elizabeth Sklar; Simon Parsons

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Analysis of aircraft surface motion at Boston Logan International Airport  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this thesis is to examine the nature of aircraft surface motion on the airport surface during normal operations. Twelve hours of radar data, gathered by MIT Lincoln Laboratories from Logan airport in Boston, ...

Alhanatis, Robert Elias

219

Tidal Motion in Submarine Canyons—A Laboratory Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The reasons for the large-amplitude tidal motion observed in oceanic submarine canyons have been explored with a laboratory experiment. A barotropic tide was forced in a stratified tank, containing continental shelf-slope topography into which a ...

Peter G. Baines

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Wave-induced Roll Motion beneath an Ice Cover  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A pair of gravity waves propagating at oblique angles along the sea-ice interface in a viscous, rotating ocean is studied theoretically. The motion is described by a Lagrangian formulation. Two theoretical models of the ice cover are considered. ...

Arne Melsom

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motion kinetic en" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Estimation of Atmospheric Motion Vectors from Kalpana-1 Imagers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The estimation of atmospheric motion vectors from infrared and water vapor channels on the geostationary operational Indian National Satellite System Kalpana-1 has been attempted here. An empirical height assignment technique based on a genetic ...

C. M. Kishtawal; S. K. Deb; P. K. Pal; P. C. Joshi

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Second Skin : motion capture with actuated feedback for motor learning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Second Skin aims to combine three-dimensional (3D) motion tracking with tactile feedback for the purpose of improving users' motor-learning ability. Such a system would track a user's body and limb movements as he or she ...

Miaw, Dennis (Dennis R.)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Vertical Motions in Arctic Mixed-Phase Stratiform Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The characteristics of Arctic mixed-phase stratiform clouds and their relation to vertical air motions are examined using ground-based observations during the Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment (MPACE) in Barrow, Alaska, during fall 2004. The ...

Matthew D. Shupe; Pavlos Kollias; P. Ola G. Persson; Greg M. McFarquhar

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

The Motional Stark Effect diagnostic on Alcator C-Mod  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A ten channel Motional Stark Effect diagnostic has been installed on Alcator C-Mod to measure the plasma internal magnetic pitch angle profile. The C-Mod MSE measures the local electric field direction by measuring the ...

Yuh, Howard Yung-Hao

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Sound-induced micromechanical motions in an isolated cochlea preparation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The mechanical processes at work within the organ of Corti can be greatly elucidated by measuring both radial motions and traveling-wave behavior of structures within this organ in response to sound stimuli. To enable such ...

Page, Scott Lawrence

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

COLLOQUIUM: The Alfvénic Motions of the Sun's Outer Atmosphere...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8, 2013, 4:15pm to 5:30pm Colloquia MBG Auditorium COLLOQUIUM: The Alfvnic Motions of the Sun's Outer Atmosphere Scott McIntosh National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)...

227

Some Aspects of Vortex Structure Related to Tropical Cyclone Motion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Some effect of tropical cyclone structure on the vortex motion are examined in a nondivergent, barotropic numerical model with no basic current. As suggested earlier by DeMaria, the initial maximum wind speed has little effect on the track. ...

Michael Fiorino; Russell L. Elsberry

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Predicting Supercell Motion Using a New Hodograph Technique  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A physically based, shear-relative, and Galilean invariant method for predicting supercell motion using a hodograph is presented. It is founded on numerous observational and modeling studies since the 1940s, which suggest a consistent pattern to ...

Matthew J. Bunkers; Brian A. Klimowski; Jon W. Zeitler; Richard L. Thompson; Morris L. Weisman

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Height Correction of Atmospheric Motion Vectors Using Airborne Lidar Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Uncertainties in the height assignment of atmospheric motion vectors (AMVs) are the main contributor to the total AMV wind error, and these uncertainties introduce errors that can be horizontally correlated over several hundred kilometers. As a ...

Martin Weissmann; Kathrin Folger; Heiner Lange

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Platform-Motion Correction of Velocity Measured by Doppler Lidar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The NOAA/Earth System Research Laboratory (ESRL) has two coherent Doppler lidar systems that have been deployed on board research vessels to obtain data during several experiments. The instruments measure the wind velocity relative to the motion ...

Reginald J. Hill; W. Alan Brewer; Sara C. Tucker

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Motion to intervene and comments of the energy services group...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

intervene and comments of the energy services group of Hydro-Quebec and H.Q. Energy Services (U.S.) Inc, on FE 99-1 Motion to intervene and comments of the energy services group of...

232

Small mass asymptotic for the motion with vanishing friction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the small mass asymptotic (Smoluchowski-Kramers approximation) for the Langevin equation with a variable friction coefficient. The friction coefficient is assumed to be vanishing within certain region. We introduce a regularization for this problem and study the limiting motion for the 1-dimensional case and a multidimensional model problem. The limiting motion is a Markov process on a projected space. We specify the generator and boundary condition of this limiting Markov process and prove the convergence.

Mark Freidlin; Wenqing Hu; Alexander Wentzell

2012-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

233

Brownian motion: a paradigm of soft matter and biological physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This is a pedagogical introduction to Brownian motion on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of Einstein's 1905 paper on the subject. After briefly reviewing Einstein's work in its contemporary context, we pursue some lines of further developments and applications in soft condensed matter and biology. Over the last century Brownian motion became promoted from an odd curiosity of marginal scientific interest to a guiding theme pervading all of the modern (live) sciences.

Erwin Frey; Klaus Kroy

2005-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

234

The early American motion picture industry: promoting American cultural hegemony  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For the American motion picture industry, a key period in its development was that which followed World War I until the advent of the techonology of sound film. Film occupied a unique position during this period, as both a product and promoter of the United States. Analysis of the impact of the motion picture in the United States and Europe during this period provides insight into the role of film industry.

Wier, Theresa Joanne

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Engineering Characterization of Strong Ground Motion Recorded at Rock Sites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this project is to define the engineering characteristics of strong ground motion recorded at rock sites. Particular emphasis is placed upon resolving the factors that control the shape of response spectra in both WNA (western North America) and ENA (central and eastern North America) tectonic environments. To accomplish this objective, a simple band-limited white noise (BLWN) ground motion model employing a constant-stress-drop, single-corner-frequency, omega-square source combined with...

1995-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

236

Radiation from Kinetic Poynting Flux Acceleration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive analytic formulas for the power output and critical frequency of radiation by electrons accelerated by relativistic kinetic Poynting flux, and validate these results with Particle-In-Cell plasma simulations. We find that the in-situ radiation power output and critical frequency are much below those predicted by the classical synchrotron formulae. We discuss potential astrophysical applications of these results.

Edison Liang; Koichi Noguchi

2007-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

237

Reaction kinetics for remodeling oil shale retorting  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Results from recent laboratory kinetic studies at the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory (LLL) on gasification, pyrolysis, and mineral reactions in oil shale are presented. The specific pyrolysis reactions investigated include the decomposition of kerogen, the evolution of oil, hydrogen and C/sub 2/ plus C/sub 3/ hydrocarbons and the formation of a carbonaceous residue. Data describing the evolution of H/sub 2/ and CH/sub 4/ during secondary pyrolysis of the carbonaceous residue are also presented. The mineral reaction kinetics discussed include the decomposition and/or reaction (with silica or silicates) of calcite, dolomite, dawsonite and nahcolite. Rate equations describing the effects of CO/sub 2/ and steam on the reactions of calcite and dolomite are presented. Finally, kinetics describing gasification of the carbonaceous residue by CO/sub 2/ and H/sub 2/O are examined. The above kinetic data are summarized in a set of rate expressions that can be used in numerical modeling of oil shale retorting. The rate equations are general enough for modeling both in-situ and surface retorting processes.

Campbell, J.H.; Burnham, A.K.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Thermodynamics and Kinetics of a Brownian Motor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermodynamics and Kinetics of a Brownian Motor R. Dean Astumian Nonequilibrium fluctuations particle separation and the design of molecular motors and pumps. A small particle in a liquid is subject in conjunction with an- isotropy to drive a motor in the context of a "ratchet and pawl" device shrunk to micro

Linke, Heiner

239

KINETICS, STABILITY, AND CONTROL. A Selected Bibliography  

SciTech Connect

References to 529 articles on nuclear reactor control, kinetics, and stability published before autumn 1962 are included. Emphasis is on calculations and theory since the references serve as an aid in analyzing the dynamic behavior of SNAP reactor systems. (D.C.W.)

Johnson, R.L.

1963-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

240

Engineering model for predicting rubble motion during blasting  

SciTech Connect

Recent applications of explosives and blasting agents to rubble rock have led to requirements for more elaborate design and analysis methods. In most blasting uses, it is necessary not only to fracture the rock, but also to move the broken rubble in a predictable manner. Many in-situ extraction techniques require rubblization to take place in a confined region where rock motion is a predominate factor in creating a permeable broken bed. In this paper, an engineering model is presented which describes the large rubble motion during blasting. This model is intended to provide the blast designer with a tool for evaluation and further refinement of blasting patterns and timing sequences. In this model the rock medium is represented by a discrete series of circular regions of fractured material. These regions are set in motion by pressure loads from the explosive. The motion of the regions is calculated using a step-wise, explicit, numerical time integration method. Interaction of adjacent regions is based on inelastic impact of spherical bodies. The derivation of this model is presented along with the background for selecting loading pressure based on explosive behavior. Three typical examples, including both cratering and bench geometries, are discussed which illustrate the use of this model to predict rubble motion. This engineering representation appears to provide a practical model for use in predicting rubble motion and a tool for design evaluation of blasting in confined geometries. 15 figures.

Schamaun, J.T.

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motion kinetic en" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Engineering model for predicting rubble motion during blasting  

SciTech Connect

Recent applications of explosives and blasting agents to rubble rock have led to requirements for more elaborate design and analysis methods. In most blasting uses, it is necessary not only to fracture the rock, but also to move the broken rubble in a predictable manner. Many in situ extraction techniques require rubblization to take place in a confined region where rock motion is a predominate factor in creating a permeable broken bed. In this paper, an engineering model is presented which describes the large rubble motion during blasting. This model is intended to provide the blast designer with a tool for evaluation and further refinement of blasting patterns and timing sequences. In this model the rock medium is represented by a discrete series of circular regions of fractured material. These regions are set in motion by pressure loads from the explosive. The motion of the regions is calculated using a step-wise, explicit, numerical time integration method. Interaction of adjacent regions is based on inelastic impact of spherical bodies. The derivation of this model is presented along with the background for selecting loading pressure based on explosive behavior. Three typical examples, including both cratering and bench geometries, are discussed which illustrate the use of this model to predict rubble motion. This engineering representation appears to provide a practical model for use in predicting rubble motion and a tool for design evaluation of blasting in confined geometries. 15 figures, 1 table.

Schamaun, J.T.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

MILKY WAY STAR-FORMING COMPLEXES AND THE TURBULENT MOTION OF THE GALAXY'S MOLECULAR GAS  

SciTech Connect

We analyze Spitzer GLIMPSE, Midcourse Space Experiment (MSX), and Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) images of the Milky Way to identify 8 {mu}m and free-free sources in the Galaxy. Seventy-two of the 88 WMAP sources have coverage in the GLIMPSE and MSX surveys suitable for identifying massive star-forming complexes (SFCs). We measure the ionizing luminosity functions of the SFCs and study their role in the turbulent motion of the Galaxy's molecular gas. We find a total Galactic free-free flux f{sub {nu}} = 46,177.6 Jy; the 72 WMAP sources with full 8 {mu}m coverage account for 34,263.5 Jy ({approx}75%), with both measurements made at {nu} = 94 GHz (W band). We find a total of 280 SFCs, of which 168 have unique kinematic distances and free-free luminosities. We use a simple model for the radial distribution of star formation to estimate the free-free and ionizing luminosity for the sources lacking distance determinations. The total dust-corrected ionizing luminosity is Q = (2.9 {+-} 0.5) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 53} photons s{sup -1}, which implies a Galactic star formation rate of M-dot{sub *}= 1.2{+-}0.2 M{sub Sun} yr{sup -1}. We present the (ionizing) luminosity function of the SFCs and show that 24 sources emit half the ionizing luminosity of the Galaxy. The SFCs appear as bubbles in GLIMPSE or MSX images; the radial velocities associated with the bubble walls allow us to infer the expansion velocity of the bubbles. We calculate the kinetic luminosity of the bubble expansion and compare it to the turbulent luminosity of the inner molecular disk. SFCs emitting 80% of the total Galactic free-free luminosity produce a kinetic luminosity equal to 65% of the turbulent luminosity in the inner molecular disk. This suggests that the expansion of the bubbles is a major driver of the turbulent motion of the inner Milky Way molecular gas.

Lee, Eve J.; Rahman, Mubdi [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 50 St. George Street, Toronto, ON, M5S 3H4 (Canada); Murray, Norman, E-mail: elee@astro.utoronto.ca, E-mail: rahman@astro.utoronto.ca, E-mail: elee@cita.utoronto.ca, E-mail: murray@cita.utoronto.ca [Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics, 60 St. George Street, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, M5S 3H8 (Canada)

2012-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

243

Chemical Kinetic Modeling of Hydrogen Combustion Limits  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A detailed chemical kinetic model is used to explore the flammability and detonability of hydrogen mixtures. In the case of flammability, a detailed chemical kinetic mechanism for hydrogen is coupled to the CHEMKIN Premix code to compute premixed, laminar flame speeds. The detailed chemical kinetic model reproduces flame speeds in the literature over a range of equivalence ratios, pressures and reactant temperatures. A series of calculation were performed to assess the key parameters determining the flammability of hydrogen mixtures. Increased reactant temperature was found to greatly increase the flame speed and the flammability of the mixture. The effect of added diluents was assessed. Addition of water and carbon dioxide were found to reduce the flame speed and thus the flammability of a hydrogen mixture approximately equally well and much more than the addition of nitrogen. The detailed chemical kinetic model was used to explore the detonability of hydrogen mixtures. A Zeldovich-von Neumann-Doring (ZND) detonation model coupled with detailed chemical kinetics was used to model the detonation. The effectiveness on different diluents was assessed in reducing the detonability of a hydrogen mixture. Carbon dioxide was found to be most effective in reducing the detonability followed by water and nitrogen. The chemical action of chemical inhibitors on reducing the flammability of hydrogen mixtures is discussed. Bromine and organophosphorus inhibitors act through catalytic cycles that recombine H and OH radicals in the flame. The reduction in H and OH radicals reduces chain branching in the flame through the H + O{sub 2} = OH + O chain branching reaction. The reduction in chain branching and radical production reduces the flame speed and thus the flammability of the hydrogen mixture.

Pitz, W J; Westbrook, C K

2008-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

244

Prototype Weigh-In-Motion Performance  

SciTech Connect

Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has developed and patented methods to weigh slowly moving vehicles. We have used this technology to produce a portable weigh-in-motion system that is robust and accurate. This report documents the performance of the second-generation portable weigh-in-motion prototype (WIM Gen II). The results of three modes of weight determination are compared in this report: WIM Gen II dynamic mode, WIM Gen II stop-and-go mode, and static (parked) mode on in-ground, static scales. The WIM dynamic mode measures axle weights as the vehicle passes over the system at speeds of 3 to 7 miles per hour (1.3 to 3.1 meters/second). The WIM stop-and-go mode measures the weight of each axle of the vehicle as the axles are successively positioned on a side-by-side pair of WIM measurement pads. In both measurement modes the center of balance (CB) and the total weight are obtained by a straight-forward calculation from axle weights and axle spacings. The performance metric is measurement error (in percent), which is defined as 100 x (sample standard deviation)/(average); see Appendix A for details. We have insufficient data to show that this metric is predictive. This report details the results of weight measurements performed in May 2005 at two sites using different types of vehicles at each site. In addition to the weight measurements, the testing enabled refinements to the test methodology and facilitated an assessment of the influence of vehicle speed on the dynamic-mode measurements. The initial test at the National Transportation Research Center in Knoxville, TN, involved measurements of passenger and light-duty commercial vehicles. A subsequent test at the Arrival/Departure Airfield Control Group (A/DACG) facility in Ft. Bragg, NC, involved military vehicles with gross weights between 3,000 and 75,000 pounds (1,356 to 33,900 kilograms) with a 20,000-pound (9,040 kilograms) limit per axle. For each vehicle, four or more separate measurements were done using each weighing mode. WIM dynamic, WIM stop-and-go, and static-mode scale measurements were compared for total vehicle weight and the weight of the individual axles. We made WIM dynamic mode measurements with three assemblages of weight-transducer pads to assess the performance with varying numbers (2, 4, and 6) of weigh pads. Percent error in the WIM dynamic mode was 0.51%, 0.37%, and 0.37% for total vehicle weight and 0.77%, 0.50%, and 0.47% for single-axle weight for the two-, four-, and six-pad systems, respectively. Errors in the WIM stop-and-go mode were 0.55% for total vehicle weight and 0.62% for single-axle weights. In-ground scales weighed these vehicles with an error of 0.04% (within Army specifications) for total vehicle weight, and an error of 0.86% for single-axle weight. These results show that (1) the WIM error in single-axle weight was less than that obtained from in-ground static scales; (2) the WIM system eliminates time-consuming manual procedures, human errors, and safety concerns; and (3) measurement error for the WIM prototype was less than 1% (within Army requirements for this project). All the tests were performed on smooth, dry, level, concrete surfaces. Tests under non-ideal surface conditions are needed (e.g., rough but level, sun-baked asphalt, wet pavement), and future work will test WIM performance under these conditions. However, we expect the performance will be as good as, if not better than, the present WIM performance. We recommend the WIM stop-and-go mode under non-ideal surface conditions. We anticipate no performance degradation, assuming no subsurface deformation occurs.

Abercrombie, Robert K [ORNL; Beshears, David L [ORNL; Hively, Lee M [ORNL; Scudiere, Matthew B [ORNL; Sheldon, Frederick T [ORNL

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Evaluating Mesoscale NWP Models Using Kinetic Energy Spectra  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Kinetic energy spectra derived from observations in the free atmosphere possess a wavenumber dependence of k?3 for large scales, characteristic of 2D turbulence, and transition to a k?5/3 dependence in the mesoscale. Kinetic energy spectra ...

William C. Skamarock

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Isothermal Ice Crystallization Kinetics in the Gas-Diffusion...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Isothermal Ice Crystallization Kinetics in the Gas-Diffusion Layer of a Proton-Exchange-Membrane Fuel Cell Title Isothermal Ice Crystallization Kinetics in the Gas-Diffusion Layer...

247

The Vertical Partition of Oceanic Horizontal Kinetic Energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To produce an interpretation of the surface kinetic energy as measured by altimeters, a survey is made of the vertical structure of kinetic energy profiles in a large number of globally distributed long current meter records. Although the data ...

Carl Wunsch

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Kinetic Controls on Cu and Pb Sorption by Ferrihydrite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

nd ed.; Cambridge University Press: New York, 1993. (51) Sparks, D. L. Kinetics of Soil Chemical Processes; Academic Press: New York, 1989. (52) Espenson, J. H. Chemical Kinetics and Reaction Mechanisms, 2Kinetic Controls on Cu and Pb Sorption by Ferrihydrite A N D R E A S C . S C H E I N O

Sparks, Donald L.

249

Kinetic and stationary point-set embeddability for plane graphs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate a kinetic version of point-set embeddability. Given a plane graph G(V,E) where |V|=n, and a set P of n moving points where the trajectory of each point is an algebraic function of constant ... Keywords: kinetic algorithm, kinetic graph drawing, plane graph, point-set embeddability

Zahed Rahmati; Sue H. Whitesides; Valerie King

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Asphalt Oxidation Kinetics and Pavement Oxidation Modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Most paved roads in the United States are surfaced with asphalt. These asphalt pavements suffer from fatigue cracking and thermal cracking, aggravated by the oxidation and hardening of asphalt. This negative impact of asphalt oxidation on pavement performance has not been considered adequately in pavement design. Part of the reason is that the process of asphalt oxidation in pavement is not well understood. This work focused on understanding the asphalt oxidation kinetics and on developing pavement oxidation model that predicts asphalt oxidation and hardening in pavement under environmental conditions. A number of asphalts were studied in laboratory condition. Based on kinetics data, a fast-rate ? constant-rate asphalt oxidation kinetics model was developed to describe the early nonlinear fast-rate aging period and the later constant-rate period of asphalt oxidation. Furthermore, reaction kinetics parameters for the fast-rate and constant-rate reactions were empirically correlated, leading to a simplified model. And the experimental effort and time to obtain these kinetics parameters were significantly reduced. Furthermore, to investigate the mechanism of asphalt oxidation, two antioxidants were studied on their effectiveness. Asphalt oxidation was not significantly affected. It was found that evaluation of antioxidant effectiveness based on viscosity only is not reliable. The asphalt oxidation kinetics model was incorporated into the pavement oxidation model that predicts asphalt oxidation in pavement. The pavement oxidation model mimics the oxidation process of asphalt in real mixture at pavement temperatures. A new parameter, diffusion depth, defined the oxygen diffusion region in the mastic. A field calibration factor accounted for the factors not considered in the model such as the effect of small aggregate particles on oxygen diffusion. Carbonyl area and viscosity of binders recovered from field cores of three pavements in Texas were measured and were used for model calibration and validation. Results demonstrated that the proposed model estimates carbonyl growth over time in pavement, layer-by-layer, quite well. Finally, this work can be useful for incorporating asphalt oxidation into a pavement design method that can predict pavement performance with time and for making strategic decisions such as optimal time for maintenance treatments.

Jin, Xin

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Using Multi-scale Dynamic Rupture Models to Improve Ground Motion Estimates  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Earthquake simulations help scientists understand the hazards posed by Earthquake simulations help scientists understand the hazards posed by future earthquakes. Earthquake computational models are validated by simulating well-recorded historical earthquakes and comparing simulation results to observational data. The purple border shows the extent of the 3-D structural model in the 3-D inversion. Events in red, with stations in blue. En-Jui Lee, University of Wyoming Using Multi-scale Dynamic Rupture Models to Improve Ground Motion Estimates PI Name: Thomas Jordan PI Email: tjordan@usc.edu Institution: USC Allocation Program: ESP Allocation Hours at ALCF: 150 Million Year: 2010 to 2013 Research Domain: Earth Science Researchers will use Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC) dynamic rupture simulation software to investigate high-frequency seismic energy

252

Analysis on kinetic chemotaxis models using a functional analytic approach Analysis on kinetic chemotaxis models using a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that are applicable at the molecular level. Copyright # 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. KEYWORDS: kinetic stability of that system are undergoing constant change. This chemical example of replicator kinetic stability is akin in circumstance may dramatically affect the kinetic stability of physical, chemical and biological, systems. So

Hille, Sander

253

React. Kinet.Catal.Lett., Vol.9, No. 4,377-381 (1978) WHAT IS ESSENTIAL TO EXOTIC KINETIC BEHAVIOR?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

6= 10'. I = 1 I=I 378 #12;TOTH: EXOTIC KINETIC BEHAVIOR? COROLLARIES Immediate application). REFERENCES 1. M. Feinberg: Mathamatical Aspects of Mass Action Kinetics. Chapter 1 of Chemical Reactor Theory-London-New York 1972. 3. J. T6th, P. ~rdi: Models, Problems and Applications of Formal Reaction Kinetics (in

Tóth, János

254

Kinetic and hydrodynamic models of chemotactic aggregation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive general kinetic and hydrodynamic models of chemotactic aggregation that describe certain features of the morphogenesis of biological colonies (like bacteria, amoebae, endothelial cells or social insects). Starting from a stochastic model defined in terms of N coupled Langevin equations, we derive a nonlinear mean field Fokker-Planck equation governing the evolution of the distribution function of the system in phase space. By taking the successive moments of this kinetic equation and using a local thermodynamic equilibrium condition, we derive a set of hydrodynamic equations involving a damping term. In the limit of small frictions, we obtain a hyperbolic model describing the formation of network patterns (filaments) and in the limit of strong frictions we obtain a parabolic model which is a generalization of the standard Keller-Segel model describing the formation of clusters (clumps). Our approach connects and generalizes several models introduced in the chemotactic literature. We discuss the anal...

Chavanis, Pierre-Henri

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

ET Kinetics of Bifunctional Redox Protein Maquettes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Kinetics of Bifunctional Redox Protein Maquettes Kinetics of Bifunctional Redox Protein Maquettes Mitchell W. Mutz, James F. Wishart and George L. McLendon Adv. Chem Ser. 254, Ch. 10, pp. 145-159 Abstract: We prepared three bifunctional redox protein maquettes based on 12-, 16-, and 20-mer three-helix bundles. In each case, the helix was capped with a Co(III) tris-bipyridyl electron acceptor and also functionalized with a C-terminal viologen (1-ethyl-1'-ethyl-4,4'-bipyridinium) donor. Electron transfer (ET) was initiated by pulse radiolysis and flash photolysis and followed spectrometrically to determined average, concentration-independent, first-order rates for the 16-mer and 20-mer maquettes. For the 16-mer bundle, the alpha-helical content was adjusted by the addition of urea or trifluoroethanol to solutions containing the metalloprotein. This

256

Auxiliary power supply with kinetic energy storage  

SciTech Connect

Alternating current is supplied to an auxiliary load on a from a power supply comprised of a dc-energized inverter and a synchronous machine coupled to the inverter. The inverter supplies the alternating current requirements of the load up to the normal steady state load current magnitude. The synchronous machine stores kinetic energy when the load current load does not exceed its normal steady state magnitude, and converts kinetic energy into electrical energy to supply the load current requirements in excess of its normal steady-state load magnitude and to supply load current whenever the dc source inverter connection is interrupted. Frequency and amplitude of load voltage are regulated by operator commands through control apparatus coupled to the inverter and the synchronous machine.

Plunkett, A.B.; Turnbull, F.G.

1982-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

257

Motion planning for robotic spray cleaning with environmentally safe solvents  

SciTech Connect

Automatic motion planning of a spray cleaning robot with collision avoidance is presented in this paper. In manufacturing environments, electronic and mechanical components are traditionally cleaned by spraying or dipping them using chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) solvents. As new scientific data show that such solvents are major causes for stratospheric ozone depletion, an alternate cleaning method is needed. Part cleaning with aqueous solvents is environmentally safe, but can require precision spraying at high pressures for extended time periods. Operator fatigue during manual spraying can decrease the quality of the cleaning process. By spraying with a robotic manipulator, the necessary spray accuracy and consistency to manufacture highreliability components can be obtained. Our motion planner was developed to automatically generate motions for spraying robots based on the part geometry and cleaning process parameters. For spraying paint and other coatings a geometric description of the parts and robot may be sufficient for motion planning, since coatings are usually done over the visible surfaces. For spray cleaning, the requirement to reach hidden surfaces necessitates the addition of a rule-based method to the geometric motion planning.

Hwang, Yong K.; Meirans, L.; Drotning, W.D.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

MEASUREMENTS, ERRORS, AND NEGATIVE KINETIC ENERGY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An analysis of errors in measurement yields new insight into the penetration of quantum particles into classically forbidden regions. In addition to “physical” values, realistic measurements yield “unphysical ” values which, we show, can form a consistent pattern. An experiment to isolate a particle in a classically forbidden region obtains negative values for its kinetic energy. These values realize the concept of a weak value, discussed in previous works. 0

Yakir Aharonov; Sandu Popescu; Daniel Rohrlich; Lev Vaidman

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Chemical kinetics models for semiconductor processing  

SciTech Connect

Chemical reactions in the gas-phase and on surfaces are important in the deposition and etching of materials for microelectronic applications. A general software framework for describing homogeneous and heterogeneous reaction kinetics utilizing the Chemkin suite of codes is presented. Experimental, theoretical and modeling approaches to developing chemical reaction mechanisms are discussed. A number of TCAD application modules for simulating the chemically reacting flow in deposition and etching reactors have been developed and are also described.

Coltrin, M.E.; Creighton, J.R. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Meeks, E.; Grcar, J.F.; Houf, W.G. [Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (United States); Kee, R.J. [Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

260

Nucleation kinetics of vapor bubbles in a liquid with arbitrary viscosity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The theory of vapor bubbles nucleation in single-component liquids developed in [J. Phys. Chem. B 116, 9445 (2012)] for the case of high viscosity (the (V,/rho,T)- theory) is extended to the case of arbitrary viscosity. For this purpose, Langevin's approach in the theory of Brownian motion, or Kramers' model of chemical reactions, is employed. The obtained expression for the bubbles nucleation rate is valid for arbitrary relations between the kinetic parameters controlling the nucleation process: viscosity, inertia of a liquid, the rate of evaporation into a bubble and the rate of heat exchange between the bubble and ambient liquid. So, the presented theory together with the (V,/rho,T)- theory gives a complete description of the vapor-bubbles nucleation kinetics in one-component liquids. Limiting cases with respect to the mentioned parameters are considered, in particular, the low viscosity limit. It is shown that the low- and high-viscosity nucleation rates differ from each other qualitatively and quantitatively. The possibility of application of the theory to cavitation in superfluid helium-4 is discussed.

Nikolay V. Alekseechkin

2013-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motion kinetic en" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

A Gas-Kinetic Scheme For The Simulation Of Compressible Turbulent Flows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A gas-kinetic scheme for the continuum regime is applied to the simulation of turbu- lent compressible flow, by replacing the molecular relaxation time with a turbulent relaxation time in the BGK model. The turbulence dynamics is modelled on the basis of a standard, linear two-equation turbulence model. The hydrodynamic limit of the resulting turbulence model is linear in smooth flow and non-linear in the presence of stronger flow gradients. The non-linear correction terms in the numerical flux are weighed as a function of "rarefaction" - referred to turbulence dynamics and not to molecular dynamics, i.e. measured by the ratio of turbulence to mean flow scales of motion. Even though no assumptions on the nature of the turbulence have been made and a linear two-equation turbulence model is used, the turbulence gas-kinetic scheme seems able to correct the turbulent stress tensor in an effective way; on the basis of a number of turbulence modelling benchmark flow cases, characterized by strong shock - boundary l...

Righi, Marcello

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Rhodopsin kinetics in the cat retina  

SciTech Connect

The bleaching and regeneration of rhodopsin in the living cat retina was studied by means of fundus reflectometry. Bleaching was effected by continuous light exposures of 1 min or 20 min, and the changes in retinal absorbance were measured at 29 wavelengths. For all of the conditions studied (fractional bleaches of from 65 to 100%), the regeneration of rhodopsin to its prebleach levels required greater than 60 min in darkness. After the 1-min exposures, the difference spectra recorded during the first 10 min of dark adaptation were dominated by photoproduct absorption, and rhodopsin regeneration kinetics were obscured by these intermediate processes. Extending the bleaching duration to 20 min gave the products of photolysis an opportunity to dissipate, and it was possible to follow the regenerative process over its full time-course. It was not possible, however, to fit these data with the simple exponential function predicted by first-order reaction kinetics. Other possible mechanisms were considered and are presented in the text. Nevertheless, the kinetics of regeneration compared favorably with the temporal changes in log sensitivity determined electrophysiologically by other investigators. Based on the bleaching curve for cat rhodopsin, the photosensitivity was determined and found to approximate closely the value obtained for human rhodopsin; i.e., the energy Ec required to bleach 1-e-1 of the available rhodopsin was 7.09 log scotopic troland-seconds (corrected for the optics of the cat eye), as compared with approximately 7.0 in man.

Ripps, H.; Mehaffey, L.; Siegel, I.M.

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Inertial range turbulence in kinetic plasmas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The transfer of turbulent energy through an inertial range from the driving scale to dissipative scales in a kinetic plasma followed by the conversion of this energy into heat is a fundamental plasma physics process. A theoretical foundation for the study of this process is constructed, but the details of the kinetic cascade are not well understood. Several important properties are identified: (a) the conservation of a generalized energy by the cascade; (b) the need for collisions to increase entropy and realize irreversible plasma heating; and (c) the key role played by the entropy cascade--a dual cascade of energy to small scales in both physical and velocity space--to convert ultimately the turbulent energy into heat. A strategy for nonlinear numerical simulations of kinetic turbulence is outlined. Initial numerical results are consistent with the operation of the entropy cascade. Inertial range turbulence arises in a broad range of space and astrophysical plasmas and may play an important role in the ther...

Howes, G G

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Inertial range turbulence in kinetic plasmas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The transfer of turbulent energy through an inertial range from the driving scale to dissipative scales in a kinetic plasma followed by the conversion of this energy into heat is a fundamental plasma physics process. A theoretical foundation for the study of this process is constructed, but the details of the kinetic cascade are not well understood. Several important properties are identified: (a) the conservation of a generalized energy by the cascade; (b) the need for collisions to increase entropy and realize irreversible plasma heating; and (c) the key role played by the entropy cascade--a dual cascade of energy to small scales in both physical and velocity space--to convert ultimately the turbulent energy into heat. A strategy for nonlinear numerical simulations of kinetic turbulence is outlined. Initial numerical results are consistent with the operation of the entropy cascade. Inertial range turbulence arises in a broad range of space and astrophysical plasmas and may play an important role in the thermalization of fusion energy in burning plasmas.

G. G. Howes

2007-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

265

Motion of Nanomagnet Oscillators - Argonne National Laboratories, Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Highlights > Motion of Nanomagnet Oscillators Highlights > Motion of Nanomagnet Oscillators Motion of Nanomagnet Oscillators Nanopillars consisting of two magnetic layers separated by an insulating or non-magnetic metal can exhibit oscillations: a constant current can make the magnetization in one layer precess with frequencies in the gigahertz range. The physics behind this is the so-called spin torque effect, through which conduction electrons transfer angular momentum to the magnetization in a layer. If the current is adjusted such that the rate of transfer of angular momentum from the conduction electrons to the magnetization in the second magnetic layer is precisely balanced by the loss of angular momentum due to dissipation in the magnetic layer, the oscillations become very precise and long-lived. Such devices are called spin torque oscillators,

266

ISG8-Ground Motion; Site Requirements and Investigations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ground Motion; Site Requirements and Investigations (WG5) Ground Motion; Site Requirements and Investigations (WG5) June 24 - 27, 2002 Bldg.281 Conventional Facilities Rm. (A. Seryi, T. Tauchi) Parallel Sessions: Working Groups: WG1: Parameters, Design, Instrumentation and Tuning WG2: Damping Rings and ATF WG3: RF Sources WG4:Structures WG5: Ground Motion; Site Requirements and Investigations Agenda, ISG8 WG5 Final Version Goal: The main goal is to try to establish requirements to a linear collider site and determine a set of criteria that would allow evaluating a particular site. Trip to California representative sites: Scheduled and happened on Friday, departure 6am. This was a full day event. (Fred Asiri and Jerry Aarons were the guides). Monday, June 24, 11:00-12:00 Initial discussion Monday (joint with WG1) 13:30-17:30, Bldg.212, Cascades room

267

Oscillatory motion of sheared nanorods beyond the nematic phase  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the role of the control parameter triggering nematic order (temperature or concentration) on the dynamical behavior of a system of nanorods under shear. Our study is based on a set of mesoscopic equations of motion for the components of the tensorial orientational order parameter. We investigating these equations via a systematic bifurcation analysis based on a numerical continuation technique, focusing on spatially homogeneous states. Exploring a wide range of parameters we find, unexpectedly, that states with oscillatory motion can exist even under conditions where the equilibrium system is isotropic. These oscillatory states are characterized by wagging motion of the paranematic director, and they occur if the tumbling parameter is sufficiently small. We also present full non-equilibrium phase diagrams, in the plane spanned by the concentration and the shear rate.

David A. Strehober; Harald Engel; Sabine H. L. Klapp

2013-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

268

Demonstration of Motion Transduction Based on Parametrically Coupled Mechanical Resonators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Universal sensing the motion of mechanical resonators with high precision and low back-action is of paramount importance in ultra-weak signal detection which plays a fundamental role in modern physics. Here we present a universal scheme that transfer mechanically the motion of the resonator not directly measurable to the one can be precisely measured using mechanical frequency conversion. Demonstration of the scheme at room temperature shows that both the motion imprecision and the back-action force are below the intrinsic level of the objective resonator, which agree well with our theoretical prediction. The scheme developed here provides an effective interface between an arbitrary mechanical resonator and a high quantum efficient displacement sensor, and is expected to find extensive applications in high-demanding mechanical-based force measurements.

Pu Huang; Pengfei Wang; Jingwei Zhou; Zixiang Wang; Chenyong Ju; Zimeng Wang; Yang Shen; Changkui Duan; Jiangfeng Du

2013-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

269

Stirling engine power control and motion conversion mechanism  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A motion conversion device for converting between the reciprocating motion of the pistons in a Stirling engine and the rotating motion of its output shaft, and for changing the stroke and phase of the pistons, includes a lever pivoted at one end and having a cam follower at the other end. The piston rod engages the lever intermediate its ends and the cam follower engages a cam keyed to the output shaft. The lever pivot can be moved to change the length of the moment arm defined between the cam follower and the piston rod the change the piston stroke and force exerted on the cam, and the levers can be moved in opposite directions to change the phase between pistons.

Marks, David T. (Birmingham, MI)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Simulation of blasting induced rock motion using spherical element models  

SciTech Connect

Control of the rock motion associated with blasting can have significant economic benefits. For example, surface coal mining can be made more efficient if the overburden material can be cast further with explosives, leaving less work for mechanical equipment. The final muck pile shape in very type of surface and underground blasting is controlled by the blasting induced motion of the rock. A theoretically sound method of predicting rock motion will be beneficial to understanding the blasting process. Discrete element methods have been used for some time to predict rock motion resulting from blasting. What all of these approaches had in common was the use of polygonal elements with corners and sides as well as aspect ratio. Reasonably good results were obtained but treatment of the interactions of the corners and sides of elements was a computationally intensive process that made long simulations with many elements expensive to perform. The use of spherical elements showed increased efficiency but lacked the mechanisms for treating the bulking of the rock mass. The computer program developed was converted from an explicit code to an event-driven code and some bulking mechanisms were added that allowed spherical elements to exert a torque on other spherical elements with which contact was made. The architecture of this program and its event-driven nature made it difficult to vectorize for efficient execution on vector processing machines. A new code called DMC (Distinct Motion Code) has been developed this past year. DMC was designed and written especially to take advantage of super computer vector processing capabilities. This paper will discuss the use of DMC to perform accurate rock motion calculations with very reasonable computation times. 9 refs., 7 figs., 3 tabs.

Taylor, L.M.; Preece, D.S. (Hibbitt, Karlsson and Sorensen, Providence, RI (USA); Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (USA))

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Light and Motion in SDSS Stripe 82: The Catalogues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a new public archive of light-motion curves in Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) Stripe 82, covering 99 deg in right ascension from RA = 20.7 h to 3.3 h and spanning 2.52 deg in declination from Dec = -1.26 to 1.26 deg, for a total sky area of ~249 sq deg. Stripe 82 has been repeatedly monitored in the u, g, r, i and z bands over a seven-year baseline. Objects are cross-matched between runs, taking into account the effects of any proper motion. The resulting catalogue contains almost 4 million light-motion curves of stellar objects and galaxies. The photometry are recalibrated to correct for varying photometric zeropoints, achieving ~20 mmag and ~30 mmag root-mean-square (RMS) accuracy down to 18 mag in the g, r, i and z bands for point sources and extended sources, respectively. The astrometry are recalibrated to correct for inherent systematic errors in the SDSS astrometric solutions, achieving ~32 mas and ~35 mas RMS accuracy down to 18 mag for point sources and extended sources, respectively. For each light-motion curve, 229 photometric and astrometric quantities are derived and stored in a higher-level catalogue. On the photometric side, these include mean exponential and PSF magnitudes along with uncertainties, RMS scatter, chi^2 per degree of freedom, various magnitude distribution percentiles, object type (stellar or galaxy), and eclipse, Stetson and Vidrih variability indices. On the astrometric side, these quantities include mean positions, proper motions as well as their uncertainties and chi^2 per degree of freedom. The here presented light-motion curve catalogue is complete down to r~21.5 and is at present the deepest large-area photometric and astrometric variability catalogue available.

D. M. Bramich; S. Vidrih; L. Wyrzykowski; J. A. Munn; H. Lin; N. W. Evans; M. C. Smith; V. Belokurov; G. Gilmore; D. B. Zucker; P. C. Hewett; L. L. Watkins; D. C. Faria; M. Fellhauer; G. Miknaitis; D. Bizyaev; Z. Ivezic; D. P. Schneider; S. A. Snedden; E. Malanushenko; V. Malanushenko; K. Pan

2008-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

272

Non-Markovian large amplitude motion and nuclear fission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The general problem of dissipation in macroscopic large-amplitude collective motion and its relation to energy diffusion of intrinsic degrees of freedom of a nucleus is studied. By applying the cranking approach to the nuclear many body system, a set of coupled dynamical equations for the collective classical variables and the quantum mechanical occupancies of the intrinsic nuclear states is derived. Different dynamical regimes of the intrinsic nuclear motion and its consequences on time properties of collective dissipation are discussed. The approach is applied to the descant of the nucleus from the fission barrier.

V. M. Kolomietz; S. V. Radionov

2008-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

273

Energy Conservation Tests of a Coupled Kinetic-kinetic Plasma-neutral Transport Code  

SciTech Connect

A Monte Carlo neutral transport routine, based on DEGAS2, has been coupled to the guiding center ion-electron-neutral neoclassical PIC code XGC0 to provide a realistic treatment of neutral atoms and molecules in the tokamak edge plasma. The DEGAS2 routine allows detailed atomic physics and plasma-material interaction processes to be incorporated into these simulations. The spatial pro le of the neutral particle source used in the DEGAS2 routine is determined from the uxes of XGC0 ions to the material surfaces. The kinetic-kinetic plasma-neutral transport capability is demonstrated with example pedestal fueling simulations.

D.P. Stotler, C.S. Chang, S.H. Ku, J. Lang and G. Park

2012-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

274

Pedestal Fueling Simulations with a Coupled Kinetic-kinetic Plasma-neutral Transport Code  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Monte Carlo neutral transport routine, based on DEGAS2, has been coupled to the guiding center ion-electron-neutral neoclassical PIC code XGC0 to provide a realistic treatment of neutral atoms and molecules in the tokamak edge plasma. The DEGAS2 routine allows detailed atomic physics and plasma-material interaction processes to be incorporated into these simulations. The spatial pro le of the neutral particle source used in the DEGAS2 routine is determined from the uxes of XGC0 ions to the material surfaces. The kinetic-kinetic plasma-neutral transport capability is demonstrated with example pedestal fueling simulations.

D.P. Stotler, C.S. Chang, S.H. Ku, J. Lang and G.Y. Park

2012-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

275

Image sequence coding using multiple-level segmentation and affine motion estimation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract—A very low bit-rate video codec using multiple-level segmentation and affine motion compensation is presented. The translational motion model is adequate to motion compensate small regions even when complex motion is involved; however, it is no longer capable of delivering satisfactory results when applied to large regions or the whole frame. The proposed codec is based on a variable block size algorithm enhanced with global motion compensation, inner block segmentation, and a set of motion models used adaptively in motion compensation. The experimental results show that the proposed method gives better results in terms of the bit rate under the same PSNR constraint for most of the tested sequences as compared with the fixed block size approach and traditional variable block size codec in which only translational motion compensation is utilized. Index Terms — Codecs, data compression, motion compensation, video coding. I.

Kui Zhang; Miros?aw Bober; Associate Member; Josef Kittler

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Open Energy Information (en) Open Energy Information (en)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Open Energy Information (en) Open Energy Information (en) http:en.openei.orgfavicon.ico http:en.openei.orgwikiSpecial:Search...

277

Kinetics of Anionic Surfactant Anoxic Degradation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The biodegradation kinetics of Geropon TC-42 (trademark) by an acclimated culture was investigated in anoxic batch reactors to determine biokinetic coefficients to be implemented in two biofilm mathematical models. Geropon TC-42 (trademark) is the surfactant commonly used in space habitation. The two biofilm models differ in that one assumes a constant biofilm density and the other allows biofilm density changes based on space occupancy theory. Extant kinetic analysis of a mixed microbial culture using Geropon TC-42 (trademark) as sole carbon source was used to determine cell yield, specific growth rate, and the half-saturation constant for S0/X0 ratios of 4, 12.5, and 34.5. To estimate cell yield, linear regression analysis was performed on data obtained from three sets of simultaneous batch experiments for three S0/X0 ratios. The regressions showed non-zero intercepts, suggesting that cell multiplication is not possible at low substrate concentrations. Non-linear least-squares analysis of the integrated equation was used to estimate the specific growth rate and the half-saturation constant. Net specific growth rate dependence on substrate concentration indicates a self-inhibitory effect of Geropon TC-42 (trademark). The flow rate and the ratio of the concentrations of surfactant to nitrate were the factors that most affected the simulations. Higher flow rates resulted in a shorter hydraulic retention time, shorter startup periods, and faster approach to a steady-state biofilm. At steady-state, higher flow resulted in lower surfactant removal. Higher influent surfactant/nitrate concentration ratios caused a longer startup period, supported more surfactant utilization, and biofilm growth. Both models correlate to the empirical data. A model assuming constant biofilm density is computationally simpler and easier to implement. Therefore, a suitable anoxic packed bed reactor for the removal of the surfactant Geropon TC-42 (trademark) can be designed by using the estimated kinetic values and a model assuming constant biofilm density.

Camacho, Julianna G.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Inflation by purely kinetic coupled gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study a purely kinetic coupled scalar-tensor gravity. We use FRW metric and obtain the modified Friedmann equations subject to an effective perfect fluid including energy density $\\rho_{\\phi}=\\rho_{g}+\\rho_{_G}$ and pressure $p_{\\phi}=p_{g}+p_{_G}$, where $(\\rho_{g}, p_{g})$ and $(\\rho_{_G}, p_{_G})$ define the perfect fluids corresponding to the coupling of scalar field dynamics with metric and Einstein tensors, respectively. We find that the inflation can occur in this model provided that $p_{_G}=-\\rho_{_G}$. We define Hubble slow-role parameters and find that the Hubble slow-role regime means $\\rho_{_{g}}\\ll\\rho_{_{G}}$. It turns out that the energy is not conserved for the scalar field and its kinetic energy is growing exponentially during inflation. It is proposed that this energy may be supplied by the quantum fluctuations of vacuum. This rapid transfer of energy density from vacuum to the scalar field may solve the cosmological constant problem. When $\\rho_{_{g}}$ becomes sufficiently large, the Hubble parameter starts decreasing and $\\rho_{_{g}}$ becomes comparable with $\\rho_{_{G}}$, hence the slow-role approximation is violated, and the inflation is ended. The large energy density of the scalar field may be transformed, partly into the matter, and partly into the radiation, and the universe experiences a reheating phase. At late times, the kinetic energy of the scalar field decreases as $a^{-6}$ and the remnant energy density of the scalar field may become a source of dark matter. Also, we study the cosmological perturbations during the inflation and obtain the behaviors of perturbations inside and outside the horizon. These results are in agreement with those obtained in common inflationary scenarios.

F. Darabi; A. Parsiya

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

279

A quantum motor: directed wavepacket motion in an optical lattice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a method for arbitrary manipulations of a quantum wavepacket in an optical lattice by a suitable modulation of the lattice amplitude. A theoretical model allows to determine the modulation corresponding to a given wavepacket motion, so that arbitrary atomic trajectories can be generated. The method is immediately usable in state of the art experiments.

Quentin Thommen; Jean Claude Garreau; Véronique Zehnlé

2011-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

280

Green Growth in Motion: Sharing Korea's Experience | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Green Growth in Motion: Sharing Korea's Experience Green Growth in Motion: Sharing Korea's Experience Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Green Growth in Motion: Sharing Korea's Experience Agency/Company /Organization: Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) Sector: Climate Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Economic Development, People and Policy Topics: Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment Resource Type: Case studies/examples Website: www.gggi.org/sites/www.gggi.org/files/research/GreenGrowthInMotion.pdf Country: South Korea Cost: Free Eastern Asia Coordinates: 35.907757°, 127.766922° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.907757,"lon":127.766922,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motion kinetic en" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Tracking the Motion of Sea Ice by Correlation Sonar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A prototype correlation sonar has been developed for the measurement of ice motion in polar seas. It operates in the very shallow-water mode as a two-pulse spatial correlation log. The design was guided by numerical signal simulations, which ...

James L. Galloway; Humfrey Melling

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Motion Interchange Patterns for Action Recognition in Unconstrained Videos  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Local descriptors. These methods begin by seeking coordinates of space-time interest points (STIP) [7 on a suitable number of STIP detections in each video; videos supplying too few (e.g., videos of subtle motion algorithms, including LTP [22] which is the most rel- evant to our own, and the STIP descriptors ­ HOG, HOF

Wolf, Lior

283

Motion Enhanced Information Mural For Climate Data Visualisation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper discusses visualisation of climate data. The possible use of an information mural for this purpose is explored as well as the potential of enhancing the visualisation with motion. It is investigated how these techniques help in the analysis of data distribution regarding different data dimensions such as temperature and precipitation. The work is accompanied by a presentation of the method's implementation.

Roland Jesse; Climate Data Visualisation

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Wind-Driven Motion near a Shelf-Slope Front  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A two-dimensional, two-layered frontal system is used to examine the wind-driven motion near a shelf-slope front. In the linear regime, the along-frontal current is characterized by barotropic perturbations. The front is dynamically passive and ...

Hsien Wang Ou

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

PERIODIC MOTION IN HIGH-SYMMETRIC FLOW Lennaert van Veen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is supplied by fixing the smallest wave number components of velocity. The smallest wave number corresponding to a nonzero velocity component is kf = |kf | = 11 and the energy of these fixed components is Ef = 3PERIODIC MOTION IN HIGH-SYMMETRIC FLOW Lennaert van Veen Department of Mechanical Engineering

van Veen, Lennaert

286

Motion Compensation Hardware Accelerator Architecture for H.264/AVC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

University of Pelotas Pelotas ­ RS ­ BRAZIL 3 Electrical Engineering Department Federal University of Rio by simulation. A performance comparison was made between a software implementation and a hardware accelerated is enough to reach real time when decoding H.264/AVC Baseline Profile motion compensation for luminance

Wagner, Flávio Rech

287

On the Low-Frequency Motions in the Cilician Basin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The presence of low-frequency motions in the Cilician Basin (the northeastern Mediterranean Sea) is investigated. An f-plane, barotropic, wind-driven model is utilized by taking advantage of the channel-like geometry of the basin. An asymptotic ...

Ümit Ünlüata

1982-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

The Hydriding Kinetics of Organic Hydrogen Getters  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The aging of hermetically sealed systems is often accompanied by the gradual production of hydrogen gas that is a result of the decay of environmental gases and the degradation of organic materials. In particular, the oxygen, water, hydrogen ''equilibrium'' is affected by the removal of oxygen due the oxidation of metals and organic materials. This shift of the above ''equilibrium'' towards the formation of hydrogen gas, particularly in crevices, may eventually reach an explosive level of hydrogen gas or degrade metals by hydriding them. The latter process is generally delayed until the oxidizing species are significantly reduced. Organic hydrogen getters introduced by Allied Signal Aerospace Company, Kansas City Division have proven to be a very effective means of preventing hydrogen gas accumulation in sealed containers. These getters are relatively unaffected by air and environmental gases. They can be packaged in a variety of ways to fit particular needs such as porous pellets, fine or coarse [gravel] powder, or loaded into silicone rubber. The hydrogen gettering reactions are extremely irreversible since the hydrogen gas is converted into an organic hydrocarbon. These getters are based on the palladium-catalyzed hydrogenation of triple bonds to double and then single bonds in aromatic aryl compounds. DEB (1,4 bis (phenyl ethynyl) benzene) typically mixed with 25% by weight carbon with palladium (1% by weight of carbon) is one of the newest and best of these organic hydrogen getters. The reaction mechanisms are complex involving solid state reaction with a heterogeneous catalyst leading to the many intermediates, including mixed alkyl and aryl hydrocarbons with the possibilities of many isomers. The reaction kinetics mechanisms are also strongly influenced by the form in which they are packaged. For example, the hydriding rates for pellets and gravel have a strong dependence on reaction extent (i.e., DEB reduction) and a kinetic order in pressure of 0.76. Silicone rubber based DEB getters hydride at a much lower rate, have little dependence on reaction extent, have a higher kinetic order in pressure (0.87), and have a lower activation energy. The kinetics of the reaction as a function of hydrogen pressure, stoichiometry, and temperature for hydrogen and deuterium near ambient temperature (0 to 75 C) for pressures near or below 100 Pa over a wide range (in some cases, the complete) hydrogenation range are presented along with multi-dimensional rate models.

Powell, G. L.

2002-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

289

SPECTRUM OF KINETIC-ALFVEN TURBULENCE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A numerical study of strong kinetic-Alfven turbulence at scales smaller than the ion gyroscale is presented, and a phenomenological model is proposed that argues that magnetic and density fluctuations are concentrated mostly in two-dimensional structures, which leads to their Fourier energy spectra E(k ){proportional_to}k {sup -8/3} , where k is the wavevector component normal to the strong background magnetic field. The results may provide an explanation for recent observations of magnetic and density fluctuations in the solar wind at sub-proton scales.

Boldyrev, Stanislav; Perez, Jean Carlos [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706 (United States)

2012-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

290

Spatial redistribution of turbulent and mean kinetic energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The turbulent spatial redistribution of turbulent and mean kinetic energy and its exchange is investigated in the framework of an K-{epsilon} model in a magnetized plasma column. The kinetic energy is transferred from the turbulence into the zonal flow around the shear layer. The Reynolds stress profile adjusts to the shear layer, which results in a transport of mean kinetic energy from the region around the shear layer into the shear layer.

Manz, P.; Xu, M.; Fedorczak, N.; Thakur, S. C.; Tynan, G. R. [Center for Momentum Transport and Flow Organization,University of California at San Diego, San Diego, California 92093 (United States); Center for Energy Research, University of California at San Diego, San Diego, California 92093 (United States)

2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

291

Direct Kinetic Measurements of a Criegee Intermediate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Direct Kinetic Measurements of a Criegee Intermediate Print Direct Kinetic Measurements of a Criegee Intermediate Print In the earth's troposphere, which blankets the planet surface where we live and breathe, dust particles, gas molecules, water vapor, and sunlight provide the ingredients for a multitude of chemical reactions that can generate effects ranging from clouds and smog to acid rain and climate change. In 1949, chemist Rudolf Criegee proposed a novel chemical pathway for one such reaction, known as ozonolysis: the destruction of alkenes (a type of hydrocarbon), via reaction with ozone, a key pollutant in the troposphere. Although there has been much indirect evidence supporting Criegee's mechanism, breakthrough research done at the ALS by chemists from Sandia National Laboratories, the University of Manchester, and Bristol University has for the first time directly measured reaction rates for so-called "Criegee intermediates," elusive molecules formed at intermediate stages of ozonolysis. The surprising results may have important implications for subjects ranging from advanced engine design to air quality and climate modeling.

292

PBXN-9 Ignition Kinetics and Deflagration Rates  

SciTech Connect

The ignition kinetics and deflagration rates of PBXN-9 were measured using specially designed instruments at LLNL and compared with previous work on similar HMX based materials. Ignition kinetics were measured based on the One Dimensional Time-to-Explosion combined with ALE3D modeling. Results of these experiments indicate that PBXN-9 behaves much like other HMX based materials (i.e. LX-04, LX-07, LX-10 and PBX-9501) and the dominant factor in these experiments is the type of explosive, not the type of binder/plasticizer. In contrast, the deflagration behavior of PBXN-9 is quite different from similar high weight percent HMX based materials (i.e LX-10, LX-07 and PBX-9501). PBXN-9 burns in a laminar manner over the full pressure range studied (0-310 MPa) unlike LX-10, LX-07, and PBX-9501. The difference in deflagration behavior is attributed to the nature of the binder/plasticizer alone or in conjunction with the volume of binder present in PBXN-9.

Glascoe, E; Maienschein, J; Burnham, A; Koerner, J; Hsu, P; Wemhoff, A

2008-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

293

Kinetics of zeolite dealumination in steam  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Zeolite dealumination is a well known phenomenon that contributes to the deactivation or activation of catalysts in several different applications. The most obvious effect is in acid catalysis where dealumination under reaction conditions removes the Broensted sites, thus deactivating the catalyst. The authors are interested in the use of cation exchanged zeolites as selective reduction catalysts for removal of NO{sub x} from exhaust streams, particularly from automotive exhaust. In this case, copper exchanged ZSM-5 has been shown to be an effective catalyst for the generic reaction of NO{sub x} with hydrocarbons. However, high temperature and steam in combustion exhaust causes dealumination and consequent migration of copper out of the zeolite structure resulting in rapid deactivation of the catalyst. Dealumination of zeolites has been reported by many authors in uncountable papers and cannot be reviewed here. However, to the authors` knowledge there are no reports on the kinetics of dealumination under varying conditions of temperature and steam. By measuring the kinetics of dealumination with different zeolites and exchange cations they expect to develop working models of the dealumination process that will allow control of zeolite deactivation. This manuscript is a description of the basic techniques used and a progress report on the very beginning of this study.

Hughes, C.D.; Labouriau, A.; Crawford, S.N.; Romero, R.; Quirin, J.; Earl, W.L.

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Thermo -Dynamic & -Kinetic Modeling to Quantify the Evolution of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The thermo-kinetic model is applied on various chemical compositions of type ... Application of the Phase-Field Model to Four-Phase Reactions in Ternary Alloys.

295

Kinetic Simulations of Fusion Energy Dynamics at the Extreme...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Kinetic Simulations of Fusion Energy Dynamics at the Extreme Scale PI Name: William Tang PI Email: tang@pppl.gov Institution: Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory Allocation...

296

An Integrated CALPHAD Tool for Modeling Precipitation Kinetics ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, An Integrated CALPHAD Tool for Modeling Precipitation Kinetics and Accelerating Materials Design. Author(s), Qing Chen, Herng-Jeng Jou, ...

297

The Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Dissolution of Coarse Particles ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A model of the kinetics of dissolution of Nb-rich and Nb2C particles in .... The Influence of Specimen Fabrication Method on the Measured Tensile ...

298

Chemical Dynamics, Molecular Energetics, and Kinetics at the Synchrotron  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

novel measurements of chemical dynamics for clusters, Chemical Dynamics, Molecular Energetics, and Kinetics at theUniversity of California Chemical Sciences Division,

Leone, Stephen R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Dissolution Kinetics of Steelmaking Slag and Its Promotion for the ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Dissolution Kinetics of Steelmaking Slag and Its Promotion for the Growth of Algae. Author(s), Chunfang Zi, Kai Huang, Lianyun Liu, Xiaohui ...

300

Kinetics of Supercritical Water Reformation of Ethanol to H  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sep 16, 2007 ... Description Kinetics of the supercritical water reformation of ethanol was experimentally studied in a tubular reactor made of Inconel 625 alloy.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motion kinetic en" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Kinetic characterization of enhanced lipase activity on oil bodies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

reaction kinetics of oil bodies versus oil emulsions as sub- strates for lipolytic ... of hydrolysis for the oil body system was comparatively very low due to a brief ...

302

Defect Chemistry and Kinetics of Electrons in Ion Conducting Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Defect Chemistry and Kinetics of Electrons in Ion Conducting Materials – Recent Results and Applications. Author(s), Hans D. Wiemhöfer.

303

Particle Size Distribution Model for Leaching Kinetics of Alumina  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Particle Size Distribution Model for Leaching Kinetics of Alumina. Author(s), Li Bao, Ting-an Zhang, Weimin Long, Anh V Nguyen, Guozhi Lv, ...

304

A Kinetic Monte Carlo Model for Material Aging: Simulations of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we develop a kinetic Monte Carlo framework aiming at ... A Controlled Stress Energy Minimization Method for Coarse-grained Atomistic Simulation.

305

Thermal Stabilization of Nanocrystalline Grain Size by Kinetic and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This talk will review both kinetic and thermodynamic mechanisms and ... Basic Criteria for Formation of Growth Twins in High Stacking Fault Energy Metals.

306

Oxygen Exchange Kinetics on SOFC Cathode Materials: Importance ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Oxygen Exchange Kinetics on SOFC Cathode Materials: Importance of Ionic and Electronic Carriers. Author(s), Rotraut Merkle, Lei Wang,

307

Kinetic Modeling of Esterification of Ethylene Glycol with Acetic Acid  

SciTech Connect

The reaction kinetics of the esterification of ethylene glycol with acetic acid in the presence of cation exchange resin has been studied and kinetic models based on empirical and Langmuir approach has been developed. The Langmuir based model involving eight kinetic parameters fits experimental data much better compared to empirical model involving four kinetic parameters. The effect of temperature and catalyst loading on the reaction system has been analyzed. Further, the activation energy and frequency factor of the rate constants for Langmuir based model has been estimated.

Yadav, Vishnu P.; Maity, Sunil K. [Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad, Ordnance Factory Estate, Yeddumailiram-502205, Andhra Pradesh (India); Mukherjee, Rudra Palash [Department of Chemical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Durgapur, Mahatma Gandhi Avenue, Durgapur-713209, West Bengal (India); Bantraj, Kandi [Department of Chemical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Rourkela-769008, Orissa (India)

2010-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

308

3.205 Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Materials, Fall 2003  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Laws of thermodynamics applied to materials and materials processes. Solution theory. Equilibrium diagrams. Overview of fluid transport processes. Kinetics of processes that occur in materials, including diffusion, phase ...

Allen, Samuel M.

309

Kinetics, Transport, and Structure in Hard and Soft Materials - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 25, 2007 ... REVIEWED BY: Stephen Rankin, associate professor, University of Kentucky. In his book Kinetics, Transport, and Structure in Hard and Soft ...

310

A Resonance Mechanism Leading to Wind-Forced Motions with a 2f Frequency  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study revisits the mechanisms that spatially reorganize wind-forced inertial motions embedded in an oceanic mesoscale eddy field. Inertial motions are known to be affected by the eddy relative vorticity, being expelled from cyclonic ...

Eric Danioux; Patrice Klein

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

An Airborne Laser Air Motion Sensing System. Part I: Concept and Preliminary Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurement of air motion relative to an aircraft by a conically scanned optical Doppler technique has advantages over measurements with conventional gust probes for many applications. Advantages of the laser air motion sensing technique ...

R. J. Keeler; R. J. Serafin; R. L. Schwiesow; D. H. Lenschow; J. M. Vaughan; A. A. Woodfield

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Septal Flash Assessment on CRT Candidates Based on Statistical Atlases of Motion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a complete framework for the automatic detection and quantification of abnormal heart motion patterns using Statistical Atlases of Motion built from healthy populations. The method is illustrated on CRT patients with identified ...

Nicolas Duchateau; Mathieu Craene; Etel Silva; Marta Sitges; Bart H. Bijnens; Alejandro F. Frangi

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Effects of Vertical Wind Shear and Storm Motion on Tropical Cyclone Rainfall Asymmetries Deduced from TRMM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vertical wind shear and storm motion are two of the most important factors contributing to rainfall asymmetries in tropical cyclones (TCs). Global TC rainfall structure, in terms of azimuthal distribution and asymmetries relative to storm motion, ...

Shuyi S. Chen; John A. Knaff; Frank D. Marks Jr.

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

The Impact of Satellite-Derived Atmospheric Motion Vectors on Mesoscale Forecasts over Hawaii  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tropospheric motions can be inferred from geostationary satellites by tracking clouds and water vapor in sequential imagery. These atmospheric motion vectors (AMV) have been operationally assimilated into global models for the past three decades, ...

T. Cherubini; S. Businger; C. Velden; R. Ogasawara

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Widget:Motion Chart Visualization of OpenEI Traffic Statistics...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Motion Chart Visualization of OpenEI Traffic Statistics Jump to: navigation, search Google motion chart (Gapminder): This is the last year of OpenEI analytics for page views, time...

316

The Diagnosis of Synoptic-Scale Vertical Motion in an Operational Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The physical reason for quasi-geostrophic vertical motion is reviewed. Various techniques for estimating synoptic-scale vertical motion are examined, and their utility (or lack thereof) is illustrated by a case study. The Q-vector approach ...

Dale R. Durran; Leonard W. Snellman

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

ON THE EMERGENCE OF BIOLOGICAL COMPLEXITY: LIFE AS A KINETIC STATE OF MATTER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, whereas for replicating chemical systems selection is effectively kinetic. Building on an extension. Keywords: biological complexification, chemical evolution, kinetic stability, kinetic state of matter that are kinetically more stable. So though all chemical reactions are governed by a combination of kinetic

Pross, Addy

318

Motion of Robert G. Burnley, Director the Commonwealth of Virginia  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of Robert G. Burnley, Director the Commonwealth of Virginia of Robert G. Burnley, Director the Commonwealth of Virginia Department of Environmental Quality to Deny the District of Columbia Public Service Commission's Petition Further Analysis of Environmental Impacts of Requested Relief Motion of Robert G. Burnley, Director the Commonwealth of Virginia Department of Environmental Quality to Deny the District of Columbia Public Service Commission's Petition Further Analysis of Environmental Impacts of Requested Relief Docket No. EO-05-01: Motion of Robert G. Burnley, Director the Commonwealth of Virginia Department of Environmental Quality to Deny the District of Columbia Public Service Commission's Petition on the Grounds that the Commission May Not Lawfully Grant the Requested Relief; or, in the Alternative, to Defer Action Pending Further Analysis of Environmental

319

Historical Information H. 6 SeismicIGround Motion Activity  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

6 SeismicIGround Motion 6 SeismicIGround Motion Activity Book 3 The Effects of the Rulison Event on Buildings and Other Surface Structures DISCLAIMER Portions of this document may be illegible in electronic image products. Images are produced from the best available original document. I I .* ,a - . . > - . ~ - ..+<#z*:<~:<:~.:$:.y;.$3s, 3898 OFF THE EFFECTS OF THE RULISON EVENT ON BUILDINGS AND OTHER SURFACE STRUCTURES Lloyd A. Lee and Roger E. Skjei January 14, 1970 John A. Blume & Associates Research Division San Francisco, California ORDER FROM CFSTl AS-!&L~L-~~ This page intentionally left blank THE EFFECTS OF THE RULISON EVENT ON BUILDINGS AND 'OTHER SURFACE STRUCTURES Lloyd A . Lee and Roger E. S k j e i John A. Blume & A s s o c i a t e s Research D i v i s i o n

320

Coupled rock motion and gas flow modeling in blasting  

SciTech Connect

The spherical element computer code DMC (Distinct Motion Code) used to model rock motion resulting from blasting has been enhanced to allow routine computer simulations of bench blasting. The enhancements required for bench blast simulation include: (1) modifying the gas flow portion of DMC, (2) adding a new explosive gas equation of state capability, (3) modifying the porosity calculation, and (4) accounting for blastwell spacing parallel to the face. A parametric study performed with DMC shows logical variation of the face velocity as burden, spacing, blastwell diameter and explosive type are varied. These additions represent a significant advance in the capability of DMC which will not only aid in understanding the physics involved in blasting but will also become a blast design tool. 8 refs., 7 figs., 1 tab.

Preece, D.S. (Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)); Knudsen, S.D. (RE/SPEC, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motion kinetic en" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Friction, Brownian Motion, and Energy Dissipation Mechanisms in Adsorbed  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Friction, Brownian Motion, and Energy Dissipation Mechanisms in Adsorbed Friction, Brownian Motion, and Energy Dissipation Mechanisms in Adsorbed Molecules and Molecularly Thin Films: Heating, Electrostatic and Magnetic Effects January 15, 2014 4:00PM to 5:00PM Presenter Jacqueline Krim, North Carolina State University Location Building 440, Room A105-106 Type Seminar Series NST Nanoscience Colloquium Abstract: In the study of friction at the nanoscale, phononic, electrostatic, conduction electron and magnetic effects all contribute to the dissipation mechanisms [1,2]. Electrostatic and magnetic contributions are increasingly alluded to in the current literature, but remain poorly characterized. I will first overview the nature of these various contributions, and then report on our observations of magnetic and electrostatic contributions to

322

Spin Motion and Resonances in Accelerators and Storage Rings  

SciTech Connect

Some of the basic aspects of the spin dynamics of accelerators and storage rings are reviewed. Since the components of spin parallel and perpendicular to the particle velocity behave differently it is desirable to reformulate the equations of spin motion in a frame of reference that exhibits this difference explicitly. The conventional treatment employs a coordinate system derived from a reference orbit. An alternate coordinate system, based on the actual trajectory of the particle, leads to simplified equations of spin motion but, contrary to a conjecture presented in a previous note, resonance strengths calculated by the conventional and the revised formalisms are identical, as pointed out by Kondratenko. Resonances induced by radiofrequency dipoles or solenoids are also treated; with rf dipoles it is essential to consider not only the direct effect of the dipole but also the contribution from oscillations induced by it.

Courant,E.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Characterization of Slow Orbit Motion in the SPEAR3  

SciTech Connect

SPEAR3 is a third-generation synchrotron light source storage ring. The beam stability requirements are {approx}10% of the beam size, which is about 1 micron in the vertical plane. Hydrostatic level system (HLS) measurements show that the height of the SPEAR3 tunnel floor varies by tens of microns daily. We present analysis of the HLS data, including accounting for common-mode tidal motion. We discuss the results of experiments done to determine the primary driving source of ground motion. We painted the accelerator tunnel walls white; we temporarily installed Mylar over the asphalt in the center of the accelerator; and we put Mylar over a section of the tunnel walls.

Sunilkumar, Nikita; /Southern California U.; Gassner, Georg; /SLAC; Safranek, James; /SLAC; Yan, Yiton; /SLAC

2012-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

324

3D path planning for a biomass processing robot via motion simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Six motion strategies for a Cartesian 4-degrees-of-freedom (4-DOF) biomass processing robot were developed. Each of the corresponding trajectories consists of more than 1300 three-dimensional coordinate points. The motion strategies were evaluated due ... Keywords: Biomass, Cartesian, Greenhouse, Motion, Path, Planning, Robot, Simulation

N. Starcevic; C. Thullner; M. Bux; J. Müller

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Real-time phase boundary detection for colonoscopy videos using motion vector templates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Colonoscopy is the preferred screening method currently available for detection of colorectal cancer and its precursor lesions, colorectal polyps. However, recent data suggest that there is a significant miss rate for the detection of polyps in the colon ... Keywords: camera motion estimation, colonoscopy, end of insertion, motion vector templates, motion vectors, phase boundary

Ruwan Nawarathna; JungHwan Oh; Jayantha Muthukudage; Wallapak Tavanapong; Johnny Wong; Piet C. de Groen

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

A Continuous Local Motion Planning Framework for Unmanned Vehicles in Complex Environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As the complexity of an unmanned vehicle's operational environment increases so does the need to consider the obstacle space continually, and this is aided by splitting the motion planning functionality into distinct global and local layers. This paper ... Keywords: Autonomous, Control, Local motion planning, Model predictive control, Motion planning, Optimization, Quadrotor, Receding horizon control, Sense and avoid, UAV, Unmanned, Unmanned air vehicle

Andrew J. Berry; Jeremy Howitt; Da-Wei Gu; Ian Postlethwaite

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Real-time motion effect enhancement based on fluid dynamics in figure animation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In fast figure animation, motion blur is often employed to generate fantastic effects of figure motion, for exaggerating the atmosphere one wants to convey. In the previous works for long time, the solution based on certain kind of image blending in ... Keywords: GPU geometric processing, fluid dynamics, motion blur, skeletal animation

Tian-Chen Xu; En-Hua Wu; Mo Chen; Ming Xie

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Human gait recognition by the fusion of motion and static spatio-temporal templates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a gait recognition algorithm that fuses motion and static spatio-temporal templates of sequences of silhouette images, the motion silhouette contour templates (MSCTs) and static silhouette templates (SSTs). MSCTs and SSTs capture ... Keywords: Biometrics, Gait recognition, Motion silhouette contour templates, Static silhouette templates

Toby H. W. Lam; Raymond S. T. Lee; David Zhang

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

James Kuffner (CMU/Google) ICRA2011 : Workshop on Motion Planning for Physical Robots Digital Human  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

James Kuffner (CMU/Google) ICRA2011 : Workshop on Motion Planning for Physical Robots Digital Human-time research at Google) 1 #12;James Kuffner (CMU/Google) ICRA2011 : Workshop on Motion Planning for Physical Asimo HRP2 HRP3 2 #12;James Kuffner (CMU/Google) ICRA2011 : Workshop on Motion Planning for Physical

North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

330

Motion-Based Selection of Relevant Video Segments for Video Summarization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a method for motion-based video segmentation and segment classification as a step towards video summarization. The sequential segmentation of the video is performed by detecting changes in the dominant image motion, assumed to be related to ... Keywords: probabilistic motion modelling, supervised event classification, video segmentation

Nathalie Peyrard; Patrick Bouthemy

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Multiple initial point prediction based search pattern selection for fast motion estimation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel, computationally efficient and robust scheme for multiple initial point prediction has been proposed in this paper. A combination of spatial and temporal predictors has been used for initial motion vector prediction, determination of magnitude ... Keywords: Block matching, Correlation, Motion estimation, Motion vectors, Spatial, Temporal, Video coding

Humaira Nisar; Tae-Sun Choi

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

A Robust Method for the Concurrent Motion Planning of Multi-Manipulators Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this article a robust and simple procedure for the on-line concurrent motion planning of multi-manipulators is presented. The approach is based on solving for each manipulator a linear system of equations taking into account a vector for motion ... Keywords: concurrent motion planning, multi-manipulator systems, redundancy resolution

R. V. Mayorga; A. K. C. Wong

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Kinetic Energy Systems | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Systems Systems Jump to: navigation, search Name Kinetic Energy Systems Place Ocala, Florida Zip 34476 Sector Hydro Product Designs and develops tidal generators. Has notably patented the KESC Tidal Generator which is based on free flow hydrodynamics. Coordinates 29.187525°, -82.140394° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":29.187525,"lon":-82.140394,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

334

Detailed Kinetic Modeling of Gasoline Surrogate Mixtures  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Real fuels are complex mixtures of thousands of hydrocarbon compounds including linear and branched paraffins, naphthenes, olefins and aromatics. It is generally agreed that their behavior can be effectively reproduced by simpler fuel surrogates containing a limited number of components. In this work, a recently revised version of the kinetic model by the authors is used to analyze the combustion behavior of several components relevant to gasoline surrogate formulation. Particular attention is devoted to linear and branched saturated hydrocarbons (PRF mixtures), olefins (1-hexene) and aromatics (toluene). Model predictions for pure components, binary mixtures and multi-component gasoline surrogates are compared with recent experimental information collected in rapid compression machine, shock tube and jet stirred reactors covering a wide range of conditions pertinent to internal combustion engines. Simulation results are discussed focusing attention on the mixing effects of the fuel components.

Mehl, M; Curran, H J; Pitz, W J; Westbrook, C K

2009-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

335

A Chemical Kinetic Model of Transcriptional Elongation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A chemical kinetic model of the elongation dynamics of RNA polymerase along a DNA sequence is introduced. The proposed model governs the discrete movement of the RNA polymerase along a DNA template, with no consideration given to elastic effects. The model's novel concept is a ``look-ahead'' feature, in which nucleotides bind reversibly to the DNA prior to being incorporated covalently into the nascent RNA chain. Results are presented for specific DNA sequences that have been used in single-molecule experiments of the random walk of RNA polymerase along DNA. By replicating the data analysis algorithm from the experimental procedure, the model produces velocity histograms, enabling direct comparison with these published results.

Yujiro Richard Yamada; Charles S. Peskin

2006-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

336

Kinetics driving high-density chlorine plasmas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple fluid model was developed in order to investigate the driving kinetics of neutral and charged species in high-density chlorine plasmas. It was found that the dissociation degree of Cl{sub 2} molecules is directly linked to the power balance of the discharge which controls the electron density. The model was also used to identify those reactions that could be neglected in the particle balance of charged species and those that must be included. Our results further indicate that diffusion losses need to be considered up to a pressure that depends on magnetic-field intensity and reactor aspect ratio. Finally, it is shown that the dominant charged carriers are linked to the dissociation level of Cl{sub 2} molecules.

Stafford, L.; Margot, J.; Vidal, F.; Chaker, M.; Giroux, K.; Poirier, J.-S.; Quintal-Leonard, A.; Saussac, J. [Department de physique, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec (Canada); INRS-Energie, Materiaux et Telecommunications, Varennes, Quebec (Canada); Department de physique, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec (Canada)

2005-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

337

Spectroscopy, Kinetics, and Dynamics of Combustion Radicals  

SciTech Connect

Spectroscopy, kinetics and dynamics of jet cooled hydrocarbon transients relevant to the DOE combustion mission have been explored, exploiting i) high resolution IR lasers, ii) slit discharge sources for formation of jet cooled radicals, and iii) high sensitivity detection with direct laser absorption methods and near the quantum shot noise limit. What makes this combination powerful is that such transients can be made under high concentrations and pressures characteristic of actual combustion conditions, and yet with the resulting species rapidly cooled (T ?10-15K) in the slit supersonic expansion. Combined with the power of IR laser absorption methods, this provides novel access to spectral detection and study of many critical combustion species.

Nesbitt, David J. [Research/Professor

2013-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

338

Motion to Intervene_Department of Energy.DOC  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

OFFICE OF ELECTRICITY DELIVERY AND ENERGY RELIABILITY OFFICE OF ELECTRICITY DELIVERY AND ENERGY RELIABILITY International Transmission Company d/b/a/ ITCTransmission ) ) Docket No. PP-230-4 MOTION TO INTERVENE OF THE NEW YORK TRANSMISSION OWNERS Pursuant to Rules 212 and 214 of the Rules of Practice and Procedure, 18 C.F.R. §§ 385.212 and 385.214 (2010), Central Hudson Gas & Electric Corporation, Consolidated Edison

339

Extracting biochemical reaction kinetics from time series data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. We consider the problem of inferring kinetic mechanisms for biochemical reactions from time series data. Using a priori knowledge about the structure of chemical reaction kinetics we develop global nonlinear models which use elementary reactions as a basis set, and discuss model construction using top-down and bottom-up approaches. 1

Edmund J. Crampin; Patrick E. Mcsharry; Santiago Schnell

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Computing realizations of reaction kinetic networks with given properties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

engineering­chemical kinetics, chemical thermodynamics, and fluid mechanics­are developed in the second CHEME 3900 Chemical Kinetics and Reactor Design CHEME 4320 Chemical Engineering Laboratory CHEME 4620UndergradUate degree Program as a chemical engineer you'll work with chemical change and chemical

Gorban, Alexander N.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motion kinetic en" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Nonlinear adaptive control for bioreactors with unknown kinetics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider a control problem for a single bioreaction occurring in a continuous and well-mixed bioreactor, assuming that the bioreaction's kinetics is not represented by a validated model. We develop a nonlinear controller and prove the global asymptotic ... Keywords: Continuous bioprocesses, Nonlinear adaptive control, Unknown kinetics, Wastewater treatment

Ludovic Mailleret; Olivier Bernard; Jean-Philippe Steyer

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Towards cleaner combustion engines through groundbreaking detailed chemical kinetic models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Towards cleaner combustion engines through groundbreaking detailed chemical kinetic models of more predictive and more accurate detailed chemical kinetic models for the combustion of fuels that the combustion of liquid fuels will remain the main source of energy for transportation for the next 50 years.1

343

Kinetics of Diuron Adsorption onto Activated Carbon Fiber  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A study was conducted on the adsorption kinetics of diuron from aqueous solutions onto activated carbon fiber. The results showed that the formation of hydrogen bonds between diuron and water, and temperature variations may possibly affect the adsorption ... Keywords: activated carbon fiber, diuron adsorption, kinetic models, hydrogen bonds

Jianhua Xu; Yabing Sun; Zhenyu Li; Jingwei Feng

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Pyrolysis kinetics for western and eastern oil shale  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Oil yield and kinetic results are reviewed for Western (Colorado Mahogany zone) and Eastern (Sunbury and Ohio (Cleveland member)) oil shales for conditions ranging from those encountered in in-situ processing to those in fluidized-bed retorting. The authors briefly summarize kinetic models for the pyrolysis reactions. Oil yields from Eastern shale are much more sensitive to pyrolysis conditions than Western shale.

Burnham, A.K.; Coburn, T.T.; Richardson, J.H.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Reconciling competing models: a case study of wine fermentation kinetics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mathematical models of wine fermentation kinetics promise early diagnosis of stuck or sluggish winemaking processes as well as better matching of industrial yeast strains to specific vineyards. The economic impact of these challenges is significant: ... Keywords: combined and refined model, fermentation problems, mechanistic kinetic models, statistical comparison with experimental data, wine fermentation

Rodrigo Assar; Felipe A. Vargas; David J. Sherman

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Solubilty and growth kinetics of silver nitrate in ethanol  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The solubility of silver nitrate in ethanol was determined at various temperatures. The growth kinetics of silver nitrate in ethanol were then determined using initial derivaties of temperature and desupersaturation in a mixed-batch crystallizer. For ... Keywords: ethanol, growth kinetics, initial derivatives, silver nitrate, solubility

M. Manteghian; A. Ebrahimi

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Black Hole Motion as Catalyst of Orbital Resonances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The motion of a black hole about the centre of gravity of its host galaxy induces a strong response from the surrounding stellar population. We treat the case of a harmonic potential analytically and show that half of the stars on circular orbits in that potential shift to an orbit of lower energy, while the other half receive a positive boost and recede to a larger radius. The black hole itself remains on an orbit of fixed amplitude and merely acts as a catalyst for the evolution of the stellar energy distribution function f(E). We show that this effect is operative out to a radius of approx 3 to 4 times the hole's influence radius, R_bh. We use numerical integration to explore more fully the response of a stellar distribution to black hole motion. We consider orbits in a logarithmic potential and compare the response of stars on circular orbits, to the situation of a `warm' and `hot' (isotropic) stellar velocity field. While features seen in density maps are now wiped out, the kinematic signature of black hole motion still imprints the stellar line-of-sight mean velocity to a magnitude ~18% the local root mean-square velocity dispersion sigma.

C. M. Boily; T. Padmanabhan; A. Paiement

2007-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

348

Stochastic velocity motions and processes with random time  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The aim of this paper is to analyze a class of random motions which models the motion of a particle on the real line with random velocity and subject to the action of the friction. The speed randomly changes when a Poissonian event occurs. We study the characteristic and the moment generating function of the position reached by the particle at time $t>0$. We are able to derive the explicit probability distributions in few cases for which discuss the connections with the random flights. The moments are also widely analyzed. For the random motions having an explicit density law, further interesting probabilistic interpretations emerge if we deal with them varying up a random time. Essentially, we consider two different type of random times, namely Bessel and Gamma times, which contain, as particular cases, some important probability distributions (e.g. Gaussian, Exponential). In particular, for the random processes built by means of these compositions, we derive the probability distributions fixed the number of...

De Gregorio, Alessandro

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Guidelines for ground motion definition for the eastern United States  

SciTech Connect

Guidelines for the determination of earthquake ground motion definition for the eastern United States are established here. Both far-field and near-field guidelines are given. The guidelines were based on an extensive review of the current procedures for specifying ground motion in the United States. Both empirical and theoretical procedures were used in establishing the guidelines because of the low seismicity in the eastern United States. Only a few large- to great-sized earthquakes (M/sub s/ > 7.5) have occurred in this region, no evidence of tectonic surface ruptures related to historic or Holocene earthquakes has been found, and no currently active plate boundaries of any kind are known in this region. Very little instrumented data have been gathered in the East. Theoretical procedures are proposed so that in regions of almost no data, a reasonable level of seismic ground motion activity can be assumed. The guidelines are to be used to develop the safe shutdown earthquake (SSE). A new procedure for establishing the operating basis earthquake (OBE) is proposed, in particular for the eastern United States. The OBE would be developed using a probabilistic assessment of the geological conditions and the recurrence of seismic events at a site. These guidelines should be useful in development of seismic design requirements for future reactors. 17 refs., figs., tabs.

Gwaltney, R.C.; Aramayo, G.A.; Williams, R.T.

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

New portable sensor system for rotational seismic motion measurements  

SciTech Connect

A new mechanical sensor system for recording the rotation of ground velocity has been constructed. It is based on measurements of differential motions between paired sensors mounted along the perimeter of a rigid (undeformable) disk. The elementary sensors creating the pairs are sensitive low-frequency geophones currently used in seismic exploration to record translational motions. The main features of the new rotational seismic sensor system are flat characteristics in the wide frequency range from 1 to 200 Hz and sensitivity limit of the order of 10{sup -8} rad/s. Notable advantages are small dimensions, portability, easy installation and operation in the field, and the possibility of calibrating the geophones in situ simultaneously with the measurement. An important feature of the instrument is that it provides records of translational seismic motions together with rotations, which allows many important seismological applications. We have used the new sensor system to record the vertical rotation velocity due to a small earthquake of M{sub L}=2.2, which occurred within the earthquake swarm in Western Bohemia in autumn 2008. We found good agreement of the rotation record with the transverse acceleration as predicted by theory. This measurement demonstrates that this device has a much wider application than just to prospecting measurements, for which it was originally designed.

Brokesova, Johana [Department of Geophysics, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, V Holesovickach 2, 18000 Prague (Czech Republic); Malek, Jiri [Institute of Rock Structure and Mechanics, Czech Academy of Sciences, V Holesovickach 41, 18209 Prague (Czech Republic)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

351

Kinetic Mechanism and Rate-Limiting Steps of Focal Adhesion Kinase-1  

SciTech Connect

Steady-state kinetic analysis of focal adhesion kinase-1 (FAK1) was performed using radiometric measurement of phosphorylation of a synthetic peptide substrate (Ac-RRRRRRSETDDYAEIID-NH{sub 2}, FAK-tide) which corresponds to the sequence of an autophosphorylation site in FAK1. Initial velocity studies were consistent with a sequential kinetic mechanism, for which apparent kinetic values k{sub cat} (0.052 {+-} 0.001 s{sup -1}), K{sub MgATP} (1.2 {+-} 0.1 {micro}M), K{sub iMgATP} (1.3 {+-} 0.2 {micro}M), K{sub FAK-tide} (5.6 {+-} 0.4 {micro}M), and K{sub iFAK-tide} (6.1 {+-} 1.1 {micro}M) were obtained. Product and dead-end inhibition data indicated that enzymatic phosphorylation of FAK-tide by FAK1 was best described by a random bi bi kinetic mechanism, for which both E-MgADP-FAK-tide and E-MgATP-P-FAK-tide dead-end complexes form. FAK1 catalyzed the {beta}{gamma}-bridge:{beta}-nonbridge positional oxygen exchange of [{gamma}-{sup 18}O{sub 4}]ATP in the presence of 1 mM [{gamma}-{sup 18}O{sub 4}]ATP and 1.5 mM FAK-tide with a progressive time course which was commensurate with catalysis, resulting in a rate of exchange to catalysis of k{sub x}/k{sub cat} = 0.14 {+-} 0.01. These results indicate that phosphoryl transfer is reversible and that a slow kinetic step follows formation of the E-MgADP-P-FAK-tide complex. Further kinetic studies performed in the presence of the microscopic viscosogen sucrose revealed that solvent viscosity had no effect on k{sub cat}/K{sub FAK-tide}, while k{sub cat} and k{sub cat}/K{sub MgATP} were both decreased linearly at increasing solvent viscosity. Crystallographic characterization of inactive versus AMP-PNP-liganded structures of FAK1 showed that a large conformational motion of the activation loop upon ATP binding may be an essential step during catalysis and would explain the viscosity effect observed on k{sub cat}/K{sub m} for MgATP but not on k{sub cat}/K{sub m} for FAK-tide. From the positional isotope exchange, viscosity, and structural data it may be concluded that enzyme turnover (k{sub cat}) is rate-limited by both reversible phosphoryl group transfer (k{sub forward} {approx} 0.2 s{sup -1} and k{sub reverse} {approx} 0.04 s{sup -1}) and a slow step (k{sub conf} {approx} 0.1 s{sup -1}) which is probably the opening of the activation loop after phosphoryl group transfer but preceding product release.

Schneck, Jessica L.; Briand, Jacques; Chen, Stephanie; Lehr, Ruth; McDevitt, Patrick; Zhao, Baoguang; Smallwood, Angela; Concha, Nestor; Oza, Khyati; Kirkpatrick, Robert; Yan, Kang; Villa, James P.; Meek, Thomas D.; Thrall, Sara H. (Chemizon); (GSKPA)

2010-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

352

Systematic examination of dynamically driven organic reactions via kinetic isotope effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Organic reactions are systematically examined experimentally and theoretically to determine the role dynamics plays in the outcome of the reaction. It is shown that trajectory studies are of vital importance in understanding reactions influenced by dynamical motion. This dissertation discusses how a combination of kinetic isotope effects, theoretical calculations, and quasiclassical dynamics trajectories aid in the understanding of the solvolysis of p-tolyldiazonium cation in water, the cycloadditions of cyclopentadiene with diphenylketene and dichloroketene, and the cycloaddition of 2- methyl-2-butene with dichloroketene. In the solvolysis of p-tolyldiazonium cation, significant 13C kinetic isotope effects are qualitatively consistent with a transition state leading to formation of an aryl cation, but on a quantitative basis, the isotope effects are not adequately accounted for by simple SN1 heterolysis to the aryl cation. The best predictions of the 13C isotope effects for the heterolytic process arise from transition structures solvated by clusters of water molecules. Dynamic trajectories starting from these transition structures afford products very slowly. The nucleophilic displacement process for aryldiazonium ions in water is determined to be at the boundary of the SN2Ar and SN1 mechanisms. The reaction of cyclopentadiene with diphenylketene affords both [4 + 2] and [2 + 2] cycloadducts directly. This is surprising. There is only one low-energy transition structure for adduct formation. Investigation of this reaction indicates that quasiclassical trajectories started from a single transition structure afford both [4 + 2] and [2 + 2] products. Overall, an understanding of the products, rates, selectivities, isotope effects, and mechanism in these reactions requires the explicit consideration of dynamic trajectories.

Ussing, Bryson Richard

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Ontario Power Generation Motion to Intervene & Comments in FE Docket No.  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ontario Power Generation Motion to Intervene & Comments in FE Ontario Power Generation Motion to Intervene & Comments in FE Docket No. 99-1 Ontario Power Generation Motion to Intervene & Comments in FE Docket No. 99-1 Ontario Power Generation hereby moves to intervene in, and comments on, the DOE's proposed open access requirements for International Electric Transmission Facilities. Ontario Power Company Motion to Intervene & Comments in FE Docket No. 99-1 More Documents & Publications Motion to Intervene and Comments of Public Utility District No. 1 (Pend Oreille County, Washington) on PP 99-1 Notice of Intent to Amend Presidential Permit Motion to intervene and comments of the energy services group of Hydro-Quebec and H.Q. Energy Services (U.S.) Inc, on FE 99-1 Joint Motion to Intervene of Northern States Power Company (Minnesota) et

354

The Response of Long-Span Bridges to Low Frequency, Near-Fault Earthquake Ground Motions  

SciTech Connect

Historical seismic hazard characterizations did not include earthquake ground motion waveforms at frequencies below approximately 0.2 Hz (5 seconds period). This resulted from limitations in early strong motion instrumentation and signal processing techniques, a lack of measurements in the near-field of major earthquakes and therefore no observational awareness, and a delayed understanding in the engineering community of the potential significance of these types of motions. In recent years, there is a growing recognition of the relevance of near-fault, low frequency motions, particularly for long-period structures such as large bridges. This paper describes a computationally based study of the effects of low frequency (long-period) near-fault motions on long-span bridge response. The importance of inclusion of these types of motions for long span cable supported bridges is demonstrated using actual measured broad-band, near-fault motions from large earthquakes.

McCallen, David; Astaneh-Asl, A.; Larsen, S.C.; Hutchings, Larry

2009-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

355

Computer-Aided Design with Spatial Rational B-Spline Motions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using rational motions it is possible to apply many fundamental B--spline techniques to the design of motions. The present paper summarizes the basic theory of rational motions and introduces a linear control structure for piecewise rational motions suitable for geometry processing. Moreover it provides algorithms for the calculation of the surface which is swept out by a moving polyhedron and examines interpolation techniques. The methods presented in this paper can be applied to various problems in Computer Animation as well as in Robotics. Keywords. Rational motions, NURBS--curves and surfaces, motion interpolation. Introduction During last years, it has been realized that the methods of Computer Aided Geometric Design (CAGD) provide elegant tools for various tasks in Computer Graphics, Robotics and Kinematics, especially for the design of rigid body motions. One of the first contributions to this research area was the spherical generalization of the de Casteljau algorithm introd...

Bert Jüttler; Michael G. Wagner

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

HIGH PRESSURE COAL COMBUSTON KINETICS PROJECT  

SciTech Connect

As part of the U.S. Department of Energy (DoE) initiative to improve the efficiency of coal-fired power plants and reduce the pollution generated by these facilities, DOE has funded the High-Pressure Coal Combustion Kinetics (HPCCK) Projects. A series of laboratory experiments were conducted on selected pulverized coals at elevated pressures with the specific goals to provide new data for pressurized coal combustion that will help extend to high pressure and validate models for burnout, pollutant formation, and generate samples of solid combustion products for analyses to fill crucial gaps in knowledge of char morphology and fly ash formation. Two series of high-pressure coal combustion experiments were performed using SRI's pressurized radiant coal flow reactor. The first series of tests characterized the near burner flame zone (NBFZ). Three coals were tested, two high volatile bituminous (Pittsburgh No.8 and Illinois No.6), and one sub-bituminous (Powder River Basin), at pressures of 1, 2, and 3 MPa (10, 20, and 30 atm). The second series of experiments, which covered high-pressure burnout (HPBO) conditions, utilized a range of substantially longer combustion residence times to produce char burnout levels from 50% to 100%. The same three coals were tested at 1, 2, and 3 MPa, as well as at 0.2 MPa. Tests were also conducted on Pittsburgh No.8 coal in CO2 entrainment gas at 0.2, 1, and 2 MPa to begin establishing a database of experiments relevant to carbon sequestration techniques. The HPBO test series included use of an impactor-type particle sampler to measure the particle size distribution of fly ash produced under complete burnout conditions. The collected data have been interpreted with the help of CFD and detailed kinetics simulation to extend and validate devolatilization, char combustion and pollutant model at elevated pressure. A global NOX production sub-model has been proposed. The submodel reproduces the performance of the detailed chemical reaction mechanism for the NBFZ tests.

Stefano Orsino

2005-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

357

Kinetics of the reactions of hydrogen fluoride with calcium oxide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper studies the kinetics of interaction of gaseous hydrogen fluoride with calcium oxide at temperatures 300-700 degrees. The experiments were conducted in a laboratory adsorption apparatus modified and adapted for work with corrosive hydrogen fluoride. Calcium oxide samples in granulated form and deposited on gamma-alumina were used in the experiments. Kinetic curves representing variations of the degree of conversion of the solid samples with time are shown. The influence of retardation dure to diffusion was observed in the experiments. The influence of diffusion control on the reaction rate was also observed in a study of the reaction kinetics on supported layers of calcium oxide.

Kossaya, A.M.; Belyakov, B.P.; Kuchma, Z.V.; Sandrozd, M.K.; Vasil'eva, V.G.

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Evidence of critical balance in kinetic Alfven wave turbulence simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A numerical simulation of kinetic plasma turbulence is performed to assess the applicability of critical balance to kinetic, dissipation scale turbulence. The analysis is performed in the frequency domain to obviate complications inherent in performing a local analysis of turbulence. A theoretical model of dissipation scale critical balance is constructed and compared to simulation results, and excellent agreement is found. This result constitutes the first evidence of critical balance in a kinetic turbulence simulation and provides evidence of an anisotropic turbulence cascade extending into the dissipation range. We also perform an Eulerian frequency analysis of the simulation data and compare it to the results of a previous study of magnetohydrodynamic turbulence simulations.

TenBarge, J. M.; Howes, G. G. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242 (United States)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

359

Prostate Bed Motion During Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy Treatment  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Conformal radiation therapy in the postprostatectomy setting requires accurate setup and localization of the prostatic fossa. In this series, we report prostate bed localization and motion characteristics, using data collected from implanted radiofrequency transponders. Methods and Materials: The Calypso four-dimensional localization system uses three implanted radiofrequency transponders for daily target localization and real-time tracking throughout a course of radiation therapy. We reviewed the localization and tracking reports for 20 patients who received ultrasonography-guided placement of Calypso transponders within the prostate bed prior to a course of intensity-modulated radiation therapy at Fox Chase Cancer Center. Results: At localization, prostate bed displacement relative to bony anatomy exceeded 5 mm in 9% of fractions in the anterior-posterior (A-P) direction and 21% of fractions in the superior-inferior (S-I) direction. The three-dimensional vector length from skin marks to Calypso alignment exceeded 1 cm in 24% of all 652 fractions with available setup data. During treatment, the target exceeded the 5-mm tracking limit for at least 30 sec in 11% of all fractions, generally in the A-P or S-I direction. In the A-P direction, target motion was twice as likely to move posteriorly, toward the rectum, than anteriorly. Fifteen percent of all treatments were interrupted for repositioning, and 70% of patients were repositioned at least once during their treatment course. Conclusion: Set-up errors and motion of the prostatic fossa during radiotherapy are nontrivial, leading to potential undertreatment of target and excess normal tissue toxicity if not taken into account during treatment planning. Localization and real-time tracking of the prostate bed via implanted Calypso transponders can be used to improve the accuracy of plan delivery.

Klayton, Tracy; Price, Robert; Buyyounouski, Mark K.; Sobczak, Mark [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States); Greenberg, Richard [Department of Urologic Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States)] [Department of Urologic Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States); Li, Jinsheng; Keller, Lanea; Sopka, Dennis [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States); Kutikov, Alexander [Department of Urologic Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States)] [Department of Urologic Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States); Horwitz, Eric M., E-mail: eric.horwitz@fccc.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States)

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Computer simulations of the motion and decay of global strings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Computer simulations have been carried out of the motion and decay of global strings, including spectrum analysis of the energy stored in the scalar field which describes the global string and the radiated Nambu-Goldstone bosons. We simulated relaxing pieces of bent string and collapsing loops. We find, for the string sizes investigated, that the spectrum of field energy hardens rather than softens while the string decays into Nambu-Goldstone radiation. We argue on theoretical grounds that is indeed the most plausible general behaviour. 19 refs., 12 figs.

Hagmann, C.; Sikivie, P.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motion kinetic en" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Spontaneous motion of a droplet coupled with a chemical wave  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a novel framework for the spontaneous motion of a droplet coupled with internal dynamic patterns generated in a reaction-diffusion system. The spatio-temporal order of the chemical reaction gives rise to inhomogeneous surface tension and results in self-propulsion driven by the surrounding flow due to the Marangoni effect. Numerical calculations of internal patterns together with theoretical results of the flow fields at low Reynolds number well reproduces the experimental results obtained using a droplet of Belousov-Zhabotinsky (BZ) reaction medium.

Hiroyuki Kitahata; Natsuhiko Yoshinaga; Ken H. Nagai; Yutaka Sumino

2010-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

362

Size dependent motion of nanodroplets on chemical steps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nanodroplets on chemically structured substrates move under the action of disjoining pressure induced forces. A detailed analysis of them shows that even in the absence of long-ranged lateral variations of the effective interface potential, already the fact, that due their small size nano-droplets do not sample the disjoining pressure at all distances from the substrate, can lead to droplet motion towards the less wettable part of the substrate, i.e., in the direction opposite to the one expected on the basis of macroscopic wettability considerations.

A. Moosavi; M. Rauscher; S. Dietrich

2008-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

363

Non-Markovian quantum Brownian motion of a harmonic oscillator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We apply the density-matrix method to the study of quantum Brownian motion of a harmonic oscillator coupled to a heat bath, a system investigated previously by Caldeira and Leggett using a different method. Unlike the earlier work, in our derivation of the master equation the non-Markovian terms are maintained. Although the same model of interaction is used, discrepancy is found between their results and our equation in the Markovian limit. We also point out that the particular interaction model used by both works cannot lead to the phenomenological generalized Langevin theory of Kubo.

Tang, J.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Motion of a sphere through an aging system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have investigated the drag on a sphere falling through a clay suspension that has a yield stress and exhibits rheological aging. The drag force increases with both speed and the rest time between preparation of the system and the start of the experiment, but there exists a nonzero minimum speed below which steady motion is not possible. We find that only a very thin layer of material around the sphere is fluidized when it moves, while the rest of suspension is deformed elastically. This is in marked contrast to what is found for yield-stress fluids that do not age.

H. Tabuteau; John R. de Bruyn; P. Coussot

2006-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

365

Integrals of motion from TBA and lattice-conformal dictionary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The integrals of motion of the tricritical Ising model are obtained by Thermodynamic Bethe Ansatz (TBA) equations derived from the A_4 integrable lattice model. They are compared with those given by the conformal field theory leading to a unique one-to-one lattice-conformal correspondence. They can also be followed along the renormalization group flows generated by the action of the boundary field \\phi_{1,3} on conformal boundary conditions in close analogy to the usual TBA description of energies.

G. Feverati; P. Grinza

2004-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

366

SANDROS: A motion planner with performance proportional to task difficulty  

SciTech Connect

To address the need of a practical motion planner for manipulators, we present an efficient and resolution-complete algorithm that has performance commensurate with task difficulty. The algorithm uses SANDROS, a new search strategy that combines hierarchical, nonuniform-multi-resolution, and best-fit search to find a near-optimal solution in the configuration space. This algorithm can be applied to any manipulator, and has been tested with 5 and 6-degree-of-freedom robots, with execution time ranging from 20 seconds to 10 minutes on a 16 MIPS workstation. 14 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

Chen, Pang C.; Hwang, Yong K.

1991-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

367

Relativistic free-motion time-of-arrival  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Relativistic free-motion time-of-arrival theory for massive spin-1/2 particles is systematically developed. Contrary to the nonrelativistic time-of-arrival operator studied thoroughly in previous literatures, the relativistic time-of-arrival operator possesses self-adjoint extensions because of the particle-antiparticle symmetry. The nonrelativistic limit of our theory is in agreement with the nonrelativistic time-of-arrival theory. By comparing the time-of-arrival operator with the Hamiltonian operator of a free Dirac particle, one can show a duality between position space and momentum space.

Zhi-Yong Wang; Cai-Dong Xiong

2007-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

368

EPRI (2004, 2006) Ground-Motion Model Review Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project plan describes the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) (2004, 2006) Ground-Motion Model (GMM) Review Project, which will provide industry with information necessary to respond to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission Request for Information to Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations 50.54(f), Recommendation 2.1 of the Near-Term Task Force Review of Insights from the Fukushima Dai-Ichi Accident, dated March 12, 2012. The purpose of this study is to determine whether the EPRI (2004, 2006)...

2012-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

369

EPRI (2004, 2006) Ground-Motion Model (GMM) Review Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) (2004, 2006) Ground-Motion Model (GMM) Review Project, which developed an updated GMM for the Central and Eastern United States (CEUS) for use by licensees of nuclear generating plants to respond to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission’s (NRC’s) Request for Information to Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations 50.54(f), Recommendation 2.1 of the Near-Term Task Force Review of Insights from the Fukushima Dai-Ichi ...

2013-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

370

Micro manipulator motion control to counteract macro manipulator structural vibrations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Inertial force damping control by micro manipulator modulation is proposed to suppress the vibrations of a micro/macro manipulator system. The proposed controller, developed using classical control theory, is added to the existing control system. The proposed controller uses real-time measurements of macro manipulator flexibility to adjust the motion of the micro manipulator to counteract structural vibrations. Experimental studies using an existing micro/macro flexible link manipulator testbed demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach to suppression of vibrations in the macro/micro manipulator system using micro-manipulator-based inertial active damping control.

Lew, J.Y.; Trudnowski, D.J.; Evans, M.S.; Bennett, D.W.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

[en] ANALYSIS OF AN IN SITU TABULATION STRATEGY OF COMBUSTION CHEMICAL KINETICS.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??[pt] A simulação numérica de processos de combustão é uma ferramenta cada vez mais utilizada para o projeto, a análise e a otimização de turbinas,… (more)

ANDREA CRISTINA CARVALHO DOS ANJOS

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Video Human Motion Recognition Using a Knowledge-Based Hybrid Method Based on a Hidden Markov Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Human motion recognition in video data has several interesting applications in fields such as gaming, senior/assisted-living environments, and surveillance. In these scenarios, we may have to consider adding new motion classes (i.e., new types of human ... Keywords: 3D motion capture, hidden Markov model, human-computer interaction, video human motion recognition

Myunghoon Suk; Ashok Ramadass; Yohan Jin; B. Prabhakaran

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Application of Ice Nucleation Kinetics in Orographic Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ice nucleation by silver iodide-sodium iodide aerosol particles has been characterized in the Colorado State University isothermal cloud chamber using the techniques of chemical kinetics. Two separate mechanisms of condensation-freezing ice ...

Rochelle R. Blumenstein; Robert M. Rauber; Lewis O. Grant; William G. Finnegan

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

INFRARED ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY AND CHEMICAL KINETICS OF FREE RADICALS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

mNAL PERFORMANCE REPORT mNAL PERFORMANCE REPORT for INFRARED ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY AND CHEMICAL KINETICS OF FREE RADICALS DE-FG05-85ER13439 1-AUG-1985 to 31-JUL-1994 Robert F. Curl and Graham P. Glass Principal Investigators Introduction This research was directed at the detection, monitoring, and study (by infrared absorption spectroscopy) of the chemical kinetic behavior of small free radical species thought to be important intermediates in combustion. The work typically progressed from the detection and analysis of the infrared spectrum of combustion radical to the utilization of the infrared spectrum thus obtained in the investigation of chemical kinetics of the radical species. The methodology employed was infrared kinetic spectroscopy. In this technique the radical is produced by UV flash photolysis using an excimer laser and then

375

An Improved Equilibrium-Kinetics Speciation Algorithm For Redox Reactions  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Improved Equilibrium-Kinetics Speciation Algorithm For Redox Reactions Improved Equilibrium-Kinetics Speciation Algorithm For Redox Reactions In Variably Saturated Subsurface Flow Systems Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: An Improved Equilibrium-Kinetics Speciation Algorithm For Redox Reactions In Variably Saturated Subsurface Flow Systems Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Reactive chemical transport occurs in a variety of geochemical environments, and over a broad range of space and time scales. Efficiency of the chemical speciation and water-rock-gas interaction calculations is important for modeling field-scale multidimensional reactive transport problems. An improved efficient model, REACT, for simulating water-rock-gas interaction under equilibrium and kinetic conditions, has been developed.

376

Momentum and Kinetic Energy Budgets of Simulated Supercell Thunderstorms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The results of numerical simulations of severe thunderstorms with rotating updrafts and supercell characteristics are analyzed to determine their sources, sinks, and transports of momentum and kinetic energy. Two simulations are used, one ...

Douglas K. Lilly; Brian F. Jewett

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Development of Novel Density Functionals for Thermochemical Kinetics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new density functional theory (DFT) exchange-correlation functional for the exploration of reaction mechanisms is proposed. This new functional, denoted BMK (Boese-Martin for Kinetics), has an accuracy in the 2 kcal/mol range for transition state barriers but, unlike previous attempts at such a functional, this improved accuracy does not come at the expense of equilibrium properties. This makes it a general-purpose functional whose domain of applicability has been extended to transition states, rather than a specialized functional for kinetics. The improvement in BMK rests on the inclusion of the kinetic energy density together with a large value of the exact exchange mixing coefficient. For this functional, the kinetic energy density appears to correct `back' the excess exact exchange mixing for ground-state properties, possibly simulating variable exchange.

Boese, A D; Martin, Jan M. L.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Kinetic Monte Carlo simulations of nanocrystalline film deposition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A full diffusion kinetic Monte Carlo algorithm is used to model nanocrystalline film deposition, and study the mechanisms of grain nucleation and microstructure formation in such films. The major finding of this work is ...

Ruan, Shiyun

379

Kinetic modeling and automated optimization in microreactor systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The optimization, kinetic investigation, or scale-up of a reaction often requires significant time and materials. Silicon microreactor systems have been shown advantageous for studying chemical reactions due to their small ...

Moore, Jason Stuart

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Kinetics, Mechanics and Microstructure Changes in Storage Media  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Program Review Crystal Gateway Marriott, Crystal City, VA May 18, 2006 Kinetics, Mechanics and Microstructure Changes in Storage Media Anter El-Azab Tel: 850-410-6655, E-mail...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motion kinetic en" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Turbulence Kinetic Energy Budget Profiles Derived from Doppler Sodar Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Doppler sodar wind measurements made in light wind conditions in September 1979 near a power plant in Turbigo, Italy, are used to derive terms in the turbulence kinetic energy (TKE) budget. Measurements on five days are grouped into two classes: ...

Gary K. Greenhut; Giangiuseppe Mastrantonio

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Reversibility and Non-reversibility in Stochastic Chemical Kinetics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mathematical problems with mean field and local type interaction related to stochastic chemical kinetics,are considered. Our main concern various definitions of reversibility, their corollaries (Boltzmann type equations, fluctuations, Onsager relations, etc.) and emergence of irreversibility.

Malyshev, V A

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Solar wind plasma : kinetic properties and micro-instabilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The kinetic properties of ions in the solar wind plasma are studied. Observations of solar wind +H and +2He by the Faraday Cup instrument component of the Solar Wind Experiment on the Wind spacecraft show that these ions ...

Kasper, Justin Christophe, 1977-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Kinetic Energy Transfer between Internal Gravity Waves and Turbulence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe a reliable method for distinguishing the mean, wave and turbulence fields when internal waves with changing amplitude perturb the turbulent boundary layer. By integrating the component wave and turbulence kinetic energy budgets ...

J. J. Finnigan

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Ducted kinetic Alfven waves in plasma with steep density gradients  

SciTech Connect

Given their high plasma density (n {approx} 10{sup 13} cm{sup -3}), it is theoretically possible to excite Alfven waves in a conventional, moderate length (L {approx} 2 m) helicon plasma source. However, helicon plasmas are decidedly inhomogeneous, having a steep radial density gradient, and typically have a significant background neutral pressure. The inhomogeneity introduces regions of kinetic and inertial Alfven wave propagation. Ion-neutral and electron-neutral collisions alter the Alfven wave dispersion characteristics. Here, we present the measurements of propagating kinetic Alfven waves in helium helicon plasma. The measured wave dispersion is well fit with a kinetic model that includes the effects of ion-neutral damping and that assumes the high density plasma core defines the radial extent of the wave propagation region. The measured wave amplitude versus plasma radius is consistent with the pile up of wave magnetic energy at the boundary between the kinetic and inertial regime regions.

Houshmandyar, Saeid [Solar Observatory Department, Prairie View A and M University, Prairie View, Texas 77446 (United States); Department of Physics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506-6315 (United States); Scime, Earl E. [Department of Physics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506-6315 (United States)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

386

The Mesoscale Kinetic Energy Spectrum of a Baroclinic Life Cycle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The atmospheric mesoscale kinetic energy spectrum is investigated through numerical simulations of an idealized baroclinic wave life cycle, from linear instability to mature nonlinear evolution and with high horizontal and vertical resolution (?x ...

Michael L. Waite; Chris Snyder

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Sources of Eddy Kinetic Energy in the Labrador Sea  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experiments with a suite of North Atlantic general circulation models are used to examine the sources of eddy kinetic energy (EKE) in the Labrador Sea. A high-resolution model version (112°) quantitatively reproduces the observed signature. A ...

Carsten Eden; Claus Böning

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Determining Turbulent Kinetic Energy Dissipation from Batchelor Curve Fitting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An algorithm is presented for obtaining the rate of turbulent kinetic energy dissipation by fitting the theoretical Batchelor spectrum to the temperature gradient spectrum at high wavenumbers. The algorithm is relatively robust in selecting the ...

David A. Luketina; Jörg Imberger

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Automated generation of kinetic chemical mechanisms using rewriting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several software systems have been developed recently for the automated generation of combustion reactions kinetic mechanisms using different representations of species and reactions and different generation algorithms. In parallel, several software ...

Olivier Bournez; Guy-Marie Côme; Valérie Conraud; Hélène Kirchner; Liliana Ib?nescu

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Evaluation of the Turbulent Kinetic Energy Dissipation Rate Inside ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Inferring the vertical variation of the mean turbulent kinetic energy ..... the times at which a threshold-crossings occurs are defined by the indicator function .... of noise infection and noise intensity, introducing a threshold Tc significantly ...

391

Estimates of Kinetic Energy Dissipation under Breaking Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dissipation of kinetic energy at the surface of natural water bodies has important consequences for many Physical and biochemical processes including wave dynamics, gas transfer, mixing of nutrients and pollutants, and photosynthetic ...

E.A. Terray; M.A. Donelan; Y.C. Agrawal; W.M. Drennan; K.K. Kahma; A.J. Williams; P.A. Hwang; S.A. Kitaigorodskii

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

The Track Integrated Kinetic Energy of Atlantic Tropical Cyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper the concept of track integrated kinetic energy (TIKE) is introduced as a measure of seasonal Atlantic tropical cyclone activity and applied to seasonal variability in the Atlantic. It is similar in concept to the more commonly used ...

V. Misra; S. DiNapoli; M. Powell

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Kinetic model reduction using integer and semi-infinite programming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work an optimization-based approach to kinetic model reduction was studied with a view to generating reduced-model libaries for reacting-flow simulations. A linear integer formulation of the reaction elimination ...

Bhattacharjee, Binita, 1976-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Fundamental kinetic modeling of the catalytic reforming process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, a fundamental kinetic model for the catalytic reforming process has been developed. The complex network of elementary steps and molecular reactions occurring in catalytic reforming has been generated through a computer algorithm characterizing ...

Rogelio Sotelo-Boyas / Gilbert F. Froment; Rayford G. Anthony

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

LLNL researchers develop first kinetic model of plasma focus...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

13013device 01302013 LLNL researchers develop first kinetic model of plasma focus device Anne M Stark, LLNL, (925) 422-9799, stark8@llnl.gov Printer-friendly Deuterium ion...

396

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Amber Kinetics Flywheel Energy Storage...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7700 RPM - Spin testing accelerates rotor to: 530 ms and 11,000 RPM - Rotor stores 10 kWh of kinetic energy @ 11,000 RPM (2x more than design speed) - All testing conducted in...

397

Brownian Motion of Stars, Dust, and Invisible Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Treating the motion of a dust particle suspended in a liquid as a random walk, Einstein in 1905 derived an equation describing the diffusion of the particle's probability distribution in configuration space. Fokker and Planck extended this work to describe the velocity distribution of the particles. Their equation and its solutions have been applied to many problems in nature starting with the motion of Brownian particles in a liquid. Chandrasekhar derived the Fokker-Planck equation for stars and showed that long-range gravitational encounters provide a drag force, dynamical friction, which is important in the evolution of star clusters and the formation of galaxies. In certain circumstances, Fokker-Planck evolution also describes the evolution of dark (invisible) matter in the universe. In the early universe, the thermal decoupling of weakly interacting massive particles from the plasma of relativistic leptons and photons is governed by Fokker-Planck evolution. The resulting dissipation imprints a minimum length scale for cosmic density fluctuations. Still later, these density fluctuations produce stochastic gravitational forces on the dark matter as it begins to cluster under gravity. The latter example provides an exact derivation of the Fokker-Planck equation without the usual assumption of Markovian dynamics.

Edmund Bertschinger

2006-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

398

EFFECTS OF NON-CIRCULAR MOTIONS ON AZIMUTHAL COLOR GRADIENTS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Assuming that density waves trigger star formation, and that young stars preserve the velocity components of the molecular gas where they are born, we analyze the effects that non-circular gas orbits have on color gradients across spiral arms. We try two approaches, one involving semianalytical solutions for spiral shocks, and another with magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) numerical simulation data. We find that, if non-circular motions are ignored, the comparison between observed color gradients and stellar population synthesis models would in principle yield pattern speed values that are systematically too high for regions inside corotation, with the difference between the real and the measured pattern speeds increasing with decreasing radius. On the other hand, image processing and pixel averaging result in systematically lower measured spiral pattern speed values, regardless of the kinematics of stellar orbits. The net effect is that roughly the correct pattern speeds are recovered, although the trend of higher measured OMEGA{sub p} at lower radii (as expected when non-circular motions exist but are neglected) should still be observed. We examine the MartInez-GarcIa et al. photometric data and confirm that this is indeed the case. The comparison of the size of the systematic pattern speed offset in the data with the predictions of the semianalytical and MHD models corroborates that spirals are more likely to end at outer Lindblad resonance, as these authors had already found.

Martinez-Garcia, Eric E. [Centro de Investigaciones de Astronomia, Apartado Postal 264, Merida 5101-A (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of); Gonzalez-Lopezlira, Rosa A.; Gomez, Gilberto C., E-mail: emartinez@cida.v, E-mail: r.gonzalez@crya.unam.m, E-mail: g.gomez@crya.unam.m [Centro de Radioastronomia y Astrofisica, UNAM, Campus Morelia, Michoacan, C.P. 58089 (Mexico)

2009-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

399

The effects of diesel injector needle motion on spray structure.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The internal structure of diesel fuel injectors is known to have a significant impact on the steady-state fuel distribution within the spray. However, little experimental or computational work has been performed on the dynamics of fuel injectors. Recent studies have shown that it is possible to measure the three-dimensional geometry of the injector nozzle, and to track changes in that geometry as the needle opens and closes in real time. This has enabled the dynamics of the injector to be compared with the dynamics of the spray, and allows computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations to use realistic time-dependent flow passage geometries. In this study, X-ray phase-enhanced imaging has been used to perform time-resolved imaging of the needle seat area in several common-rail diesel injection nozzles. The fuel distributions of the sprays emitted by these injectors were also studied with fast X-ray radiography. Correlations between eccentric motions of the injector needle valve and oscillations in the fuel density as it emerges from the nozzle are examined. CFD modeling is used to interpret the effect of needle motion on fuel flow.

Powell, C. F.; Kastengren, A. L.; Liu, Z.; Fezzaa, K. (Energy Systems); ( XSD)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

CAN OVERTURNING MOTIONS IN PENUMBRAL FILAMENTS BE DETECTED?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical simulations indicate that the filamentation of sunspot penumbrae and the associated systematic outflow (the Evershed effect) are due to convectively driven fluid motions constrained by the inclined magnetic field. We investigate whether these motions, in particular the upflows in the bright filaments and the downflows at their edges, can be reliably observed with existing instrumentation. We use a snapshot from a sunspot simulation to calculate two-dimensional maps of synthetic line profiles for the spectral lines Fe I 7090.4 A and C I 5380.34 A. The maps are spatially and spectrally degraded according to typical instrument properties. Line-of-sight velocities are determined from line bisector shifts. We find that the detectability of the convective flows is strongly affected by spatial smearing, particularly so for the downflows. Furthermore, the line-of-sight velocities are dominated by the Evershed flow unless the observation is made very near the disk center. These problems may have compromised recent attempts to detect overturning penumbral convection. Lines with a low formation height are best suited for detecting the convective flows.

Bharti, Lokesh; Schuessler, Manfred [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Sonnensystemforschung, Max-Planck-Str. 2, 37191 Katlenburg-Lindau (Germany); Rempel, Matthias, E-mail: bharti@mps.mpg.de [High Altitude Observatory, NCAR, P.O. Box 3000, Boulder, CO 80307 (United States)

2011-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

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401

Engineering Seismic Base Layer for Defining Design Earthquake Motion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Engineer's common sense that incident wave is common in a widespread area at the engineering seismic base layer is shown not to be correct. An exhibiting example is first shown, which indicates that earthquake motion at the ground surface evaluated by the analysis considering the ground from a seismic bedrock to a ground surface simultaneously (continuous analysis) is different from the one by the analysis in which the ground is separated at the engineering seismic base layer and analyzed separately (separate analysis). The reason is investigated by several approaches. Investigation based on eigen value problem indicates that the first predominant period in the continuous analysis cannot be found in the separate analysis, and predominant period at higher order does not match in the upper and lower ground in the separate analysis. The earthquake response analysis indicates that reflected wave at the engineering seismic base layer is not zero, which indicates that conventional engineering seismic base layer does not work as expected by the term 'base'. All these results indicate that wave that goes down to the deep depths after reflecting in the surface layer and again reflects at the seismic bedrock cannot be neglected in evaluating the response at the ground surface. In other words, interaction between the surface layer and/or layers between seismic bedrock and engineering seismic base layer cannot be neglected in evaluating the earthquake motion at the ground surface.

Yoshida, Nozomu [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Tohoku Gakuin University, Tagajo 1-13-1, Miyagi (Japan)

2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

402

Kinetic effects on ballooning modes in mirror machines  

SciTech Connect

A general procedure for examining the influence of kinetic effects on the stability of magnetohydrodynamic ballooning modes in mirror machines is presented. In particular, the basic kinetic ballooning mode equation for a nonaxisymmetric, arbitrary beta system with anisotropic pressure is derived. Considering a long-thin equilibrium typical of the tandem mirror, it is shown that this governing eigenmode equation reduces to a simple form independent of wave-particle resonant effects.

Tang, W.M.; Catto, P.J.

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

HCCI in a CFR engine: experiments and detailed kinetic modeling  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Single cylinder engine experiments and chemical kinetic modeling have been performed to study the effect of variations in fuel, equivalence ratio, and intake charge temperature on the start of combustion and the heat release rate. Neat propane and a fuel blend of 15% dimethyl-ether in methane have been studied. The results demonstrate the role of these parameters on the start of combustion, efficiency, imep, and emissions. Single zone kinetic modeling results show the trends consistent with the experimental results.

Flowers, D; Aceves, S; Smith, R; Torres, J; Girard, J; Dibble, R

1999-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

404

Defect aggregation kinetics in calcium fluoride  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Defects in solid materials are responsible for many of their most interesting and critical properties. The authors have developed a site-selective laser technique that allows us to monitor the aggregation of rare earth ion defects in solids on the microscopic scale. This excitation absorption laser method enables us to derive kinetic rate information and thermodynamic parameters for the distribution of defects in solids. For doped materials, various types of defects arise when the dopant ions have ionic charges that differ from the charges of host crystal ions. In model systems such as alkaline earth fluorides doped with trivalent rare earth ions, some defect sites consist of a single dopant ion, while others consist of clusters of dopant cations and interstitial anions. Heat treatment of doped samples leads to a distribution of the various types of defect sites that is characteristic of the temperature and length of heat treatment and the total dopant ion concentration. The results from a study of the formation of trivalent europium ion defect aggregates in calcium fluoride indicate that our method successfully monitors changes in individual site concentrations resulting from heat treatment. The results of this study are consistent with the formation of negatively charged dimer and trimer defects in Eu{sup 3+}:CaF{sub 2} crystals from isolated europium ion and (Eu:F{sub i}) single pair defects. In addition, he presents evidence for rapid equilibrium between the isolated ion and the single pair. Other work presented in this thesis includes the development of a high-temperature fluorine oxidation apparatus that was used to convert divalent europium ions to the trivalent state in calcium fluoride single crystals. This apparatus was also used to increase the superconducting {Tc}'s of YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-x} through modification of copper-oxygen oxidation states.

Cirillo, K.M.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Neptunium_Oxide_Precipitation_Kinetics_AJohnsen  

SciTech Connect

We evaluate the proposed NpO{sub 2}{sup +}(aq)-NpO{sub 2}(cr) reduction-precipitation system at elevated temperatures to obtain primary information on the effects of temperature, ionic strength, O{sub 2} and CO{sub 2}. Experiments conducted on unfiltered solutions at 10{sup -4} M NpO{sub 2}{sup +}(aq), neutral pH, and 200 C indicated that solution colloids strongly affect precipitation kinetics. Subsequent experiments on filtered solutions at 200, 212, and 225 C showed consistent and distinctive temperature-dependent behavior at reaction times {le} 800 hours. At longer times, the 200 C experiments showed unexpected dissolution of neptunium solids, but experiments at 212 C and 225 C demonstrated quasi steady-state neptunium concentrations of 3 x 10{sup -6} M and 6 x 10{sup -6} M, respectively. Solids from a representative experiment analyzed by X-ray diffraction were consistent with NpO{sub 2}(cr). A 200 C experiment with a NaCl concentration of 0.05 M showed a dramatic increase in the rate of neptunium loss. A 200 C experiment in an argon atmosphere resulted in nearly complete loss of aqueous neptunium. Previously proposed NpO{sub 2}{sup +}(aq)-NpO{sub 2}(cr) reduction-precipitation mechanisms in the literature specified a 1:1 ratio of neptunium loss and H{sup +} production in solution over time. However, all experiments demonstrated ratios of approximately 0.4 to 0.5. Carbonate equilibria can account for only about 40% of this discrepancy, leaving an unexpected deficit in H+ production that suggests that additional chemical processes are occurring.

Johnsen, A M; Roberts, K E; Prussin, S G

2012-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

406

One-dimensional kinetics modifications for BWR reload methods  

SciTech Connect

Yankee Atomic Electric Company (YAEC) currently uses RETRAN-02 to analyze limiting transients and establish operating minimum critical power ratio (MCPR) limits for Vermont Yankee (VY) boiling water reactor (BWR) reload analysis. The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission-approved analysis methods, used in previous cycles, use the point-kinetics modeling option in RETRAN-02 to represent transient-induced neutronic feedback. RETRAN-02 also contains a one-dimensional (1-D) kinetics neutronic feedback model option that provides a more accurate transient power prediction than the point-kinetics model. In the past few fuel cycles, the thermal or MCPR operating margin at VY has eroded due to increases in fuel cycle length. To offset this decrease, YAEC has developed the capability to use the more accurate 1-D kinetics RETRAN option. This paper reviews the qualification effort for the YAEC BWR methods. This paper also presents a comparison between RETRAN-02 predictions using 1-D and point kinetics for the limiting transient, and demonstrates the typical gain in thermal margin from 1-D kinetics.

Chandola, V.; Robichaud, J.D.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Transalta Energy Marketing (U.S) INC Answer to the Sierra Clubs Motion to  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Transalta Energy Marketing (U.S) INC Answer to the Sierra Clubs Transalta Energy Marketing (U.S) INC Answer to the Sierra Clubs Motion to Intervene Transalta Energy Marketing (U.S) INC Answer to the Sierra Clubs Motion to Intervene The motion to intervene fails to demonstrage that Sierra Club's interest expressed therin "may be directly affected by the outcome" of this proceeding, and the motion to intervene should be denied. Transalta Energy Marketing (U.S) INC Answer to the Sierra Clubs Motion to Intervene More Documents & Publications Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-216-C TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S) Inc Sierra Club Withdrawal Motion Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-216-C TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S) Inc . Canadian Electrical Association Comments Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-318-B AEP Energy

408

Yucca Mountain - U.S. Department of Energy's Response to the Motion for  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Yucca Mountain - U.S. Department of Energy's Response to the Motion Yucca Mountain - U.S. Department of Energy's Response to the Motion for Recusal/Disqualification Yucca Mountain - U.S. Department of Energy's Response to the Motion for Recusal/Disqualification Brief filed before the Nuclear Regulatory Commission in the proceeding on DOE's applciation to construct a high-level waste repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada; DOE opposes the motion of Washington, South Carolina, Aiken County, and White Pine County to disqualify Commissioners Magwood and Ostendorff from voting on the appeal of the Atomic Safety and Licensing Board's denial of DOE's motion to withdraw its application. Yucca Mountain - U.S. Department of Energy's Response to the Motion for Recusal/Disqualification More Documents & Publications 3116 Public Meeting Summaries - November 2006

409

Nanometer Resolution Of Three-Dimensional Motions Using Video Interference Microscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An interferometric video system for measuring microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) with nanometer resolution is demonstrated. Interferograms are generated by combining light reflected from the target with light reflected from a reference mirror. Motions are determined from sequences of stop-action interferograms obtained with stroboscopic illumination. The system was used to measure motions of a microfabricated accelerometer. In-plane motions were determined by analysis of brightfield images using gradient methods with subpixel resolution. Results are compared for brightfield images obtained by blocking light from the reference arm of the interferometer and for brightfield images reconstructed from interferograms. Out-of-plane motions are determined by analyzing interferograms obtained with different positions of the reference mirror. Results demonstrate nanometer resolution of in-plane motions and subnanometer resolution of out-of-plane motions. Introduction A major goal of this w...

W. Hemmert; M. S. Mermelstein; D. M. Freeman

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Comparison of Nonlinear Model Results Using Modified Recorded and Synthetic Ground Motions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A study has been performed that compares results of nonlinear model runs using two sets of earthquake ground motion time histories that have been modified to fit the same design response spectra. The time histories include applicable modified recorded earthquake ground motion time histories and synthetic ground motion time histories. The modified recorded earthquake ground motion time histories are modified from time history records that are selected based on consistent magnitude and distance. The synthetic ground motion time histories are generated using appropriate Fourier amplitude spectrums, Arias intensity, and drift correction. All of the time history modification is performed using the same algorithm to fit the design response spectra. The study provides data to demonstrate that properly managed synthetic ground motion time histories are reasonable for use in nonlinear seismic analysis.

Robert E. Spears; J. Kevin Wilkins

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Impact of Defect Creation and Motion on the Thermodynamics and Large-Scale Reorganization of Self-Assembled Clathrin Lattices  

SciTech Connect

We develop a theoretical model for the thermodynamics and kinetics of clathrin self-assembly. Our model addresses the behavior in two dimensions and can be easily extended to three dimensions, facilitating the study of membrane, surface, and bulk assembly. The clathrin triskelia are modeled as flexible pinwheels that form leg-leg associations and resist bending and stretching deformations. Thus, the pinwheels are capable of forming a range of ring structures, including 5-, 6-, and 7-member rings that are observed experimentally. Our theoretical model employs Brownian dynamics to track the motion of clathrin pinwheels at sufficiently long time scales to achieve complete assembly. Invoking theories of dislocation-mediated melting in two dimensions, we discuss the phase behavior for clathrin self-assembly as predicted by our theoretical model. We demonstrate that the generation of 5-7 defects in an otherwise perfect honeycomb lattice resembles creation of two dislocations with equal and opposite Burgers vectors. We use orientational- and translational-order correlation functions to predict the crystalline-hexatic and hexatic-liquid phase transitions in clathrin lattices. These results illustrate the pivotal role that molecular elasticity plays in the physical behavior of self-assembling and self-healing materials.

Mehraeen, Shafigh

2011-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

412

Phase-field Model for Interstitial Loop Growth Kinetics and Thermodynamic and Kinetic Models of Irradiated Fe-Cr Alloys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Microstructure evolution kinetics in irradiated materials has strongly spatial correlation. For example, void and second phases prefer to nucleate and grow at pre-existing defects such as dislocations, grain boundaries, and cracks. Inhomogeneous microstructure evolution results in inhomogeneity of microstructure and thermo-mechanical properties. Therefore, the simulation capability for predicting three dimensional (3-D) microstructure evolution kinetics and its subsequent impact on material properties and performance is crucial for scientific design of advanced nuclear materials and optimal operation conditions in order to reduce uncertainty in operational and safety margins. Very recently the meso-scale phase-field (PF) method has been used to predict gas bubble evolution, void swelling, void lattice formation and void migration in irradiated materials,. Although most results of phase-field simulations are qualitative due to the lake of accurate thermodynamic and kinetic properties of defects, possible missing of important kinetic properties and processes, and the capability of current codes and computers for large time and length scale modeling, the simulations demonstrate that PF method is a promising simulation tool for predicting 3-D heterogeneous microstructure and property evolution, and providing microstructure evolution kinetics for higher scale level simulations of microstructure and property evolution such as mean field methods. This report consists of two parts. In part I, we will present a new phase-field model for predicting interstitial loop growth kinetics in irradiated materials. The effect of defect (vacancy/interstitial) generation, diffusion and recombination, sink strength, long-range elastic interaction, inhomogeneous and anisotropic mobility on microstructure evolution kinetics is taken into account in the model. The model is used to study the effect of elastic interaction on interstitial loop growth kinetics, the interstitial flux, and sink strength of interstitial loop for interstitials. In part II, we present a generic phase field model and discuss the thermodynamic and kinetic properties in phase-field models including the reaction kinetics of radiation defects and local free energy of irradiated materials. In particular, a two-sublattice thermodynamic model is suggested to describe the local free energy of alloys with irradiated defects. Fe-Cr alloy is taken as an example to explain the required thermodynamic and kinetic properties for quantitative phase-field modeling. Finally the great challenges in phase-field modeling will be discussed.

Li, Yulan; Hu, Shenyang Y.; Sun, Xin; Khaleel, Mohammad A.

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

413

Soliton Kinetic Equations with Non-Kolmogorovian Structure: A New Tool for Biological Modeling?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is nonlinear kinetics of a chemical type). Another application is a simple two-qubit system whose evolution-Kolmogorovian aspects of chemical kinetics. Next, we briefly discuss the links between kinetic equations and their Lax equations becomes then especially clear. NON-KOLMOGOROVIAN ASPECTS OF CHEMICAL KINETICS Consider

Aerts, Diederik

414

Visualizing Chemical Compositions and Kinetics of Sol-Gel by Near-Infrared Multispectral Imaging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Visualizing Chemical Compositions and Kinetics of Sol-Gel by Near-Infrared Multispectral Imaging in order to determine the presence of any chemical and kinetic inhomogeneity. Unfortunately, to date, NIR to determine the chemical and kinetic inho- mogeneity of sol-gel. Preliminary results on the kinetics of sol

Reid, Scott A.

415

Seismic design technology for breeder reactor structures. Volume 1. Special topics in earthquake ground motion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is divided into twelve chapters: seismic hazard analysis procedures, statistical and probabilistic considerations, vertical ground motion characteristics, vertical ground response spectrum shapes, effects of inclined rock strata on site response, correlation of ground response spectra with intensity, intensity attenuation relationships, peak ground acceleration in the very mean field, statistical analysis of response spectral amplitudes, contributions of body and surface waves, evaluation of ground motion characteristics, and design earthquake motions. (DLC)

Reddy, D.P.

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

On the unsteady-motion theory of magnetic forces for maglev  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Motion-dependent magnetic forces are the key elements in the study of magnetically levitated vehicle (maglev) system dynamics. This paper presents an experimental and analytical study that will enhance their understanding of the role of unsteady-motion-dependent magnetic forces and demonstrate an experimental technique that can be used to measure those unsteady magnetic forces directly. The experimental technique provides a useful tool to measure motion-dependent magnetic forces for the prediction and control of maglev systems.

Chen, S.S.; Zhu, S.; Cai, Y. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Energy Technology Div.

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Respiratory motion sampling in 4DCT reconstruction for radiotherapy  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Phase-based and amplitude-based sorting techniques are commonly used in four-dimensional CT (4DCT) reconstruction. However, effect of these sorting techniques on 4D dose calculation has not been explored. In this study, the authors investigated a candidate 4DCT sorting technique by comparing its 4D dose calculation accuracy with that for phase-based and amplitude-based sorting techniques.Method: An optimization model was formed using organ motion probability density function (PDF) in the 4D dose convolution. The objective function for optimization was defined as the maximum difference between the expected 4D dose in organ of interest and the 4D dose calculated using a 4DCT sorted by a candidate sampling method. Sorting samples, as optimization variables, were selected on the respiratory motion PDF assessed during the CT scanning. Breathing curves obtained from patients' 4DCT scanning, as well as 3D dose distribution from treatment planning, were used in the study. Given the objective function, a residual error analysis was performed, and k-means clustering was found to be an effective sampling scheme to improve the 4D dose calculation accuracy and independent with the patient-specific dose distribution. Results: Patient data analysis demonstrated that the k-means sampling was superior to the conventional phase-based and amplitude-based sorting and comparable to the optimal sampling results. For phase-based sorting, the residual error in 4D dose calculations may not be further reduced to an acceptable accuracy after a certain number of phases, while for amplitude-based sorting, k-means sampling, and the optimal sampling, the residual error in 4D dose calculations decreased rapidly as the number of 4DCT phases increased to 6.Conclusion: An innovative phase sorting method (k-means method) is presented in this study. The method is dependent only on tumor motion PDF. It could provide a way to refine the phase sorting in 4DCT reconstruction and is effective for 4D dose accumulation. Optimized sorting techniques could achieve acceptable residuals (less than 0.5% of the prescription dose) using 6 sorting samples, which is much better than amplitude-based or phase-based sorting. Further increase in sorting phase number exceeding 6 or more may not be necessary when using the k-means sampling or optimal sampling points.

Chi Yuwei; Liang Jian; Qin Xu; Yan Di [Department of Radiation Oncology, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, Michigan 48073 (United States)

2012-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

418

APSIDAL MOTION OF THE ECLIPSING BINARY AS CAMELOPARDALIS: DISCREPANCY RESOLVED  

SciTech Connect

We present a spectroscopic study of the eclipsing binary system AS Camelopardalis, the first such study based on phase-resolved CCD echelle spectra. Via a spectral disentangling analysis we measure the minimum masses of the stars to be M{sub A}sin {sup 3} i = 3.213 {+-} 0.032 M{sub sun} and M{sub B}sin {sup 3} i = 2.323 {+-} 0.032 M{sub sun}, their effective temperatures to be T{sub eff}(A) = 12, 840 {+-} 120 K and T{sub eff}(B) = 10, 580 {+-} 240 K, and their projected rotational velocities to be v{sub A}sin i{sub A} = 14.5 {+-} 0.1 km s{sup -1} and v{sub B}sin i{sub B} {<=} 4.6 {+-} 0.1 km s{sup -1}. These projected rotational velocities appear to be much lower than the synchronous values. We show that measurements of the apsidal motion of the system suffer from a degeneracy between orbital eccentricity and apsidal motion rate. We use our spectroscopically measured e = 0.164 {+-} 0.004 to break this degeneracy and measure {omega}-dot{sub obs} = 0{sup 0}.133{+-}0{sup 0}.010 yr{sup -1}. Subtracting the relativistic contribution of {omega}-dot{sub GR} = 0{sup 0}.0963{+-}0{sup 0}0002 yr{sup -1} yields the contribution due to tidal torques: {omega}-dot{sub cl} = 0{sup 0}.037{+-}0{sup 0}.010 yr{sup -1}. This value is much smaller than the rate predicted by stellar theory, 0.{sup 0}40-0.{sup 0}87 yr{sup -1}. We interpret this as a misalignment between the orbital axis of the close binary and the rotational axes of its component stars, which also explains their apparently low rotational velocities. The observed and predicted apsidal motion rates could be brought into agreement if the stars were rotating three times faster than synchronous about axes perpendicular to the orbital axis. Measurement of the Rossiter-McLaughlin effect can be used to confirm this interpretation.

Pavlovski, K.; Kolbas, V. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, University of Zagreb, Zagreb (Croatia); Southworth, J. [Astrophysics Group, Keele University, Staffordshire, ST5 5BG (United Kingdom)

2011-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

419

Improving best-phase image quality in cardiac CT by motion correction with MAM optimization  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Research in image reconstruction for cardiac CT aims at using motion correction algorithms to improve the image quality of the coronary arteries. The key to those algorithms is motion estimation, which is currently based on 3-D/3-D registration to align the structures of interest in images acquired in multiple heart phases. The need for an extended scan data range covering several heart phases is critical in terms of radiation dose to the patient and limits the clinical potential of the method. Furthermore, literature reports only slight quality improvements of the motion corrected images when compared to the most quiet phase (best-phase) that was actually used for motion estimation. In this paper a motion estimation algorithm is proposed which does not require an extended scan range but works with a short scan data interval, and which markedly improves the best-phase image quality. Methods: Motion estimation is based on the definition of motion artifact metrics (MAM) to quantify motion artifacts in a 3-D reconstructed image volume. The authors use two different MAMs, entropy, and positivity. By adjusting the motion field parameters, the MAM of the resulting motion-compensated reconstruction is optimized using a gradient descent procedure. In this way motion artifacts are minimized. For a fast and practical implementation, only analytical methods are used for motion estimation and compensation. Both the MAM-optimization and a 3-D/3-D registration-based motion estimation algorithm were investigated by means of a computer-simulated vessel with a cardiac motion profile. Image quality was evaluated using normalized cross-correlation (NCC) with the ground truth template and root-mean-square deviation (RMSD). Four coronary CT angiography patient cases were reconstructed to evaluate the clinical performance of the proposed method. Results: For the MAM-approach, the best-phase image quality could be improved for all investigated heart phases, with a maximum improvement of the NCC value by 100% and of the RMSD value by 81%. The corresponding maximum improvements for the registration-based approach were 20% and 40%. In phases with very rapid motion the registration-based algorithm obtained better image quality, while the image quality of the MAM algorithm was superior in phases with less motion. The image quality improvement of the MAM optimization was visually confirmed for the different clinical cases. Conclusions: The proposed method allows a software-based best-phase image quality improvement in coronary CT angiography. A short scan data interval at the target heart phase is sufficient, no additional scan data in other cardiac phases are required. The algorithm is therefore directly applicable to any standard cardiac CT acquisition protocol.

Rohkohl, Christopher; Bruder, Herbert; Stierstorfer, Karl [Siemens AG, Healthcare Sector, Siemensstrasse 1, 91301 Forchheim (Germany); Flohr, Thomas [Siemens AG, Healthcare Sector, Siemensstrasse 1, 91301 Forchheim (Germany); Institute of Diagnostic Radiology, Eberhard Karls University, Hoppe-Seyler-Str. 3, 72076 Tuebingen (Germany)

2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

420

Fluid Flow, Alloy Dispersion and Inclusion Motion in Argon-stirred ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Alloy dispersion and inclusion motion in the molten steel were investigated. The melting ... Decomposition of Methane during Oxide Reduction Using Natural gas.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motion kinetic en" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

International and wartime origins of the propaganda state : the motion picture in China, 1897-1955  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1991 [1983]. Andrews, Frank. Edison Phonograph: The Britishjourney. 22 Charles Musser, Edison Motion Pictures, 1890-see: Frank Andrews, Edison Phonograph: The British

Johnson, Matthew David

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Variations between foundation-level and free-field earthquake ground motions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ground motion, Report No. NUREG/CR-3805, U.S. NuclearJohnson, ed. , Report No. NUREG/CR-1780 and UCRL-53011, U.S.

Stewart, Jonathan P

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Spatio-temporal pattern formation in coupled models of plankton dynamics and fish school motion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: bistability, chaos, plankton dynamics, predator-prey model, reaction-diffusion system, rule-based fish school motion, spiral waves

Horst Malchow; Birgit Radtke; Malaak Kallache; Alexander B. Medvinsky; Dmitry A. Tikhonov; Sergei V. Petrovskii

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Motion graphics: linguagem e tecnologia - anotações para uma metodologia de análise.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Estudo da produção de motion graphics como um fenômeno original de linguagem e tecnologia, visando o levantamento de subsídios para uma metodologia de análise adequada… (more)

João Carlos Pacheco Rodrigues Velho

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Lattice motions from THz phonon-polaritons measured with femtosecond x-ray diffraction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lattice Motions from THz Phonon-polaritons measured withto measure the coherent lattice displacements associatedstrong coupling between light and lattice is found and where

Cavalleri, A.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Method and an apparatus to control the lateral motion of a long metal bar being formed by a mechanical process such as rolling or drawing  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An adjustable guide, includes two or more mechanisms each having a rotatable retaining element containing a retaining groove with a variable radius in its perimeter surface. The grooves form a guidance path to control the lateral, i.e. non-axial, motion of a long bar moving along a longitudinal axis during a production process.The diameter of the guidance path varies according to the variable radii of the grooves. The guidance path increases in size at a predetermined rate, from a point of origin to an end point on the retaining groove. Rotating the retaining elements causes the diameter of the retaining grooves to change so that the size of the guidance path can be changed to match the diameter of the bar being rolled, size of the guidance path can be changed to fit the diameter of a new bar rolled without having to exchange the guide for a different sized guide, reduce fiction between the bar and the guide, a media, such as compressed air, can be injected between the retaining elements via orifices.Each retaining element is attached to a mounting apparatus. The mounting apparatus can be fixed or flexible. The flexible mounting apparatus includes one or more springs and one or more shock absorbers. A force neutral position of the flexible mounting apparatus is designed to be located on the predetermined ideal bar path line. The flexible mounting apparatus dissipates kinetic energy from the bar thereby reducing the bar's lateral motion relative to the ideal bar path line.The damping ratio of the mounting apparatus can be adjustable to alter the product's vibration mode to enable better control of the bar's lateral motion.

Chang, Tzyy-Shuh (Ann Arbor, MI); Huang, Hsun-Hau (Ann Arbor, MI); Lin, Chang-Hung (Ann Arbor, MI)

2007-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

427

The Impact of Alternative Fuels on Combustion Kinetics  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The research targets the development of detailed kinetic models to quantitatively characterize the impact of alternative fuels on the performance of Navy turbines and diesel engines. Such impacts include kinetic properties such as cetane number, flame speed, and emissions as well as physical properties such as the impact of boiling point distributions on fuel vaporization and mixing. The primary focus will be Fischer-Tropsch liquids made from natural gas, coal or biomass. The models will include both the effects of operation with these alternative fuels as well as blends of these fuels with conventional petroleum-based fuels. The team will develop the requisite kinetic rules for specific reaction types and incorporate these into detailed kinetic mechanisms to predict the combustion performance of neat alternative fuels as well as blends of these fuels with conventional fuels. Reduced kinetic models will be then developed to allow solution of the coupled kinetics/transport problems. This is a collaboration between the Colorado School of Mines (CSM) and the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). The CSM/LLNL team plans to build on the substantial progress made in recent years in developing accurate detailed chemical mechanisms for the oxidation and pyrolysis of conventional fuels. Particular emphasis will be placed upon reactions of the isoalkanes and the daughter radicals, especially tertiary radicals, formed by abstraction from the isoalkanes. The various components of the program are described. We have been developing the kinetic models for two iso-dodecane molecules, using the same kinetic modeling formalisms that were developed for the gasoline and diesel primary reference fuels. These mechanisms, and the thermochemical and transport coefficient submodels for them, are very close to completion at the time of this report, and we expect them to be available for kinetic simulations early in the coming year. They will provide a basis for prediction and selection of desirable F-T molecules for use in jet engine simulations, where we should be able to predict the ignition, combustion and emissions characteristics of proposed fuel components. These mechanisms include the reactions and chemical species needed to describe high temperature phenomena such as shock tube ignition and flammability behavior, and they will also include low temperature kinetics to describe other ignition phenomena such as compression ignition and knocking. During the past years, our hydrocarbon kinetics modeling group at LLNL has focused a great deal on fuels typical of gasoline and diesel fuel. About 10 years ago, we developed kinetic models for the fuel octane primary reference fuels, n-heptane [1] and iso-octane [2], which have 7 and 8 carbon atoms and are therefore representative of typical gasoline fuels. N-heptane represents the low limit of knock resistance with an octane number of 0, while iso-octane is very knock resistant with an octane number of 100. High knock resistance in iso-octane was attributed largely to the large fraction of primary C-H bonds in the molecule, including 15 of the 18 C-H bonds, and the high bond energy of these primary bonds plays a large role in this knock resistance. In contrast, in the much more ignitable n-heptane, 10 of its 16 C-H bonds are much less strongly bound secondary C-H bonds, leading to its very low octane number. All of these factors, as well as a similarly complex kinetic description of the equally important role of the transition state rings that transfer H atoms within the reacting fuel molecules, were quantified and collected into large kinetic reaction mechanisms that are used by many researchers in the fuel chemistry world.

Pitz, W J; Westbrook, C K

2009-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

428

X-ray movies reveal insect flight, muscle motion  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BioCAT BioCAT X-ray movies reveal insect flight, muscle motion Photo credit: Michael Dickinson Watching flies fly may not seem like high-tech science, but for researchers using the Western Hemisphere's most brilliant X-rays, from the Advanced Photon Source located at the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory, it not only helps explain how insects fly but also may someday aid in understanding human heart function. The researchers, from the Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT), Caltech and the University of Vermont, merged two distinct technologies, intense X-ray beams and electronic flight simulators, to study how insect muscles can generate such extraordinary levels of power. The results are published in the the January 20,. 2005, issue of the journal Nature.

429

Historical Information H.6 SeismicIGround Motion Activity  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

January 1973 January 1973 DISCLAIMER Portions of this document may be illegible in electronic image products. Images are produced from the best available original document. This report was prepared as an amount of work sponsored by the United Energy Commission, nor any of their employees, nor any of their contractors, - subcontractors, or their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Available from the National Technical Information Service, U. S. Department of Commerce, Springfield, V A 2 2 1 5 1 - \ J STATISTICAL CORRELATION OF OBSERVED GROUND MOTION

430

Brownian motion in granular gases of viscoelastic particles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A theory is developed of Brownian motion in granular gases (systems of many macroscopic particles undergoing inelastic collisions), where the energy loss in inelastic collisions is determined by a restitution coefficient {epsilon}. Whereas previous studies used a simplified model with {epsilon} = const, the present analysis takes into account the dependence of the restitution coefficient on relative impact velocity. The granular temperature and the Brownian diffusion coefficient are calculated for a granular gas in the homogeneous cooling state and a gas driven by a thermostat force, and their variation with grain mass and size and the restitution coefficient is analyzed. Both equipartition principle and fluctuation-dissipation relations are found to break down. One manifestation of this behavior is a new phenomenon of 'relative heating' of Brownian particles at the expense of cooling of the ambient granular gas.

Bodrova, A. S., E-mail: bodrova@polly.phys.msu.ru; Brilliantov, N. V.; Loskutov, A. Yu. [Moscow State University (Russian Federation)

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

431

Behavior Learning via State Chains from Motion Detector Sensors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A method for the automatic discrimination of sensor and system behavior and construction of symbols with semantic meaning from simple sensor data is introduced - SCRS (Semantic Concept Recognition System). The automated method is based on statistical modelling of sensor behavior. A model of a sensorpsilas value sequences is automatically constructed. The modelpsilas structure and parameters are optimized using an minibatch model merging and parameter updating algorithm. Incoming sensor values are then conveyed to the model and the most probable path through the model to some particular state is computed. That classification can be interpreted as a semantic symbol or concept. The SCRS can be used as a security and care system for observation of persons and interpretation of scenarios. An example modelling a motion detector is discussed. The SCRSpsilas method of representing scenarios can be also used in autonomous agents for decision making processes. An example is discussed.

Dietmar Bruckner; Brian Sallans; Roland Lang

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Improved spectral analysis for the motional Stark effect diagnostic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The magnetic pitch angle and the magnitude from reversed field pinch plasmas in the Madison symmetric torus (MST) have been routinely obtained from fully resolved motional Stark effect (MSE) spectrum analyses. Recently, the spectrum fit procedure has been improved by initializing and constraining the fit parameters based on the MSE model in the atomic data and analysis structure. A collisional-radiative model with level populations nlm-resolved up to n= 4 and a simple Born approximation for ion-impact cross sections is used for this analysis. Measurement uncertainty is quantified by making MSE measurements with multiple views of a single spatial location, ranging 5%-15% for typical MST operation conditions. A multi-view fit improves the goodness of fit of MSE spectral features and background.

Ko, J. [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States); National Fusion Research Institute, Daejeon 305-806 (Korea, Republic of); Klabacha, J. [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

433

Real time markerless motion tracking using linked kinematic chains  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A markerless method is described for tracking the motion of subjects in a three dimensional environment using a model based on linked kinematic chains. The invention is suitable for tracking robotic, animal or human subjects in real-time using a single computer with inexpensive video equipment, and does not require the use of markers or specialized clothing. A simple model of rigid linked segments is constructed of the subject and tracked using three dimensional volumetric data collected by a multiple camera video imaging system. A physics based method is then used to compute forces to align the model with subsequent volumetric data sets in real-time. The method is able to handle occlusion of segments and accommodates joint limits, velocity constraints, and collision constraints and provides for error recovery. The method further provides for elimination of singularities in Jacobian based calculations, which has been problematic in alternative methods.

Luck, Jason P. (Arvada, CO); Small, Daniel E. (Albuquerque, NM)

2007-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

434

Fractional Brownian motion and the critical dynamics of zipping polymers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider two complementary polymer strands of length $L$ attached by a common end monomer. The two strands bind through complementary monomers and at low temperatures form a double stranded conformation (zipping), while at high temperature they dissociate (unzipping). This is a simple model of DNA (or RNA) hairpin formation. Here we investigate the dynamics of the strands at the equilibrium critical temperature $T=T_c$ using Monte Carlo Rouse dynamics. We find that the dynamics is anomalous, with a characteristic time scaling as $\\tau \\sim L^{2.26(2)}$, exceeding the Rouse time $\\sim L^{2.18}$. We investigate the probability distribution function, the velocity autocorrelation function, the survival probability and boundary behaviour of the underlying stochastic process. These quantities scale as expected from a fractional Brownian motion with a Hurst exponent $H=0.44(1)$. We discuss similarities and differences with unbiased polymer translocation.

Jean-Charles Walter; Alessandro Ferrantini; Enrico Carlon; Carlo Vanderzande

2011-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

435

ANALYSIS OF CHECK VALVE DISC MOTION DURING A FLOW TRANSIENT  

SciTech Connect

An analysis of the dynamics of a check valve disc under the influence of a flow transient is presented. The impact velocities of the disc and the pressure surge resulting from extinguishing a fluid velocity are predicted. This analysis develops the equations of motion of a simple swing disc check valve from Newton's Second Law. Modifications of the analysis necessary for application to other types of valves are described. The developed equations are progiammed for the Philco-2000 digital computer in FORTRAN as the SLAM Code. The Code input consists of the characteristics of the valve and the flow transient. The output of the code includes the dynamics of the valve disc as a function of time and the pressure surge induced by valve closure. (H.G.G.)

Fuls, G.M.

1962-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Quantum Path Interference through Incoherent Motions in Multilevel Quantum Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The fluctuating incoherent environment in the condensed phase plays an important role in the dynamics and steady states of open quantum systems. The most fascinating aspect in open quantum systems is quantum coherence induced by path interference of incoherent motions. We propose a modified Ehrenfest scheme to study the path interference of incoherent motions in multi-level quantum systems. The detailed balance is enforced by considering the quantum correction of two-time correction functions based on second order master (rate) equations. With the modified Ehrenfest method, we can study the steady state populations and other quantum observables under different thermal dynamic conditions, such as energy relaxation and non-Markovian effects. For the three level system under incoherent coupling, we show how the steady state populations are influenced by the quantum path interference of incoherent fluctuations (Agarwal-Fano-like interference). We discuss the modified Ehrenfest method and its connection with stochastic Langevin equations and second order master equations. Most existing quantum MD simulation methods, particularly Master equation techniques, fall into the category of the weak coupling limit due to the nature of detailed balance. Although the modified Ehrenfest method is amicable to second-order master equations, it is actually a better way to model the quantum path interference since it preserves multi-time memory kernels. Therefore, it enables us to study the quantum path interference. This method can be used as quantum MD simulators for large open quantum systems like solar cell, (organic) LED, etc. The future extension of this method beyond the modified Ehrenfest scheme can be done with efficient wavepacket propagation methods by treating the bath modes in full quantum mechanical way.

Xin Chen

2013-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

437

Kinetic dispersion of Langmuir waves. I. The Langmuir decay instability  

SciTech Connect

We derive a fully kinetic, three-dimensional dispersion relation for Langmuir waves with a focus on the Langmuir decay instability (LDI). The kinetic dispersion is compared to the standard fluid dispersion found with an equation of state (EOS) closure. The EOS closure fails to capture the intricacies of the nonlinear pressure when high frequency electron plasma waves (EPWs) couple to low frequency ion acoustic waves (IAWs). In particular, we find discrepancies in the k{lambda}{sub d} scaling of the LDI growth rate, where k is the wavenumber of the incident EPW and {lambda}{sub d} is the Debye length. As a result, the kinetic dispersion relation for LDI results in instability thresholds that can be in excess of twice those predicted by the fluid theory. Both the fluid and kinetic dispersion relations predict a nonlinear frequency shift due to the beating of the pump and scattered EPWs, but again the k{lambda}{sub d} scaling of these frequency shifts differ. In addition, the kinetic dispersion predicts a nonlinear reduction in the IAW damping from the three-wave interaction.

Palastro, J. P.; Williams, E. A.; Hinkel, D. E.; Divol, L.; Strozzi, D. J. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551 (United States)

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

438

PKS 1018-42: A Powerful Kinetically Dominated Quasar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have identified PKS 1018-42 as a radio galaxy with extraordinarily powerful jets, over twice as powerful as any 3CR source of equal or lesser redshift except for one (3C196). It is perhaps the most intrinsically powerful extragalactic radio source in the, still poorly explored, Southern Hemisphere. PKS 1018-42 belongs to the class of FR II objects that are kinetically dominated, the jet kinetic luminosity, $Q \\sim 6.5 \\times 10^{46}\\mathrm{ergs/s}$ (calculated at 151 MHz), is 3.4 times larger than the total thermal luminosity (IR to X-ray) of the accretion flow, $L_{bol} \\sim 1.9 \\times 10^{46}\\mathrm{ergs/s}$. It is the fourth most kinetically dominated quasar that we could verify from existing radio data. From a review of the literature, we find that kinetically dominated sources such as PKS 1018-42 are rare, and list the 5 most kinetically dominated sources found from our review. Our results for PKS 1018-42 are based on new observations from the Australia Telescope Compact Array.

Brian Punsly; Steven Tingay

2006-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

439

Doc...~En.  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

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440

Fluctuation limits of the super-Brownian motion with a single point catalyst  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We prove a fluctuating limit theorem of a sequence of super-Brownian motions over $\\mbb{R}$ with a single point catalyst. The weak convergence of the processes on the space of Schwarz distributions is established. The limiting process is an Ornstein-Uhlenbeck type process solving a Langevin type equation driven by a one-dimensional Brownian motion.

Li, Zenghu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motion kinetic en" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Effect of geometric and motion tracking error for awake small animal SPECT  

SciTech Connect

A series of simulation studies were performed to evaluate the effects of geometric and motion tracking errors on reconstruction image quality for a single pinhole collimator awake animal imaging SPECT system. List-mode SPECT data generated using a custom Monte Carlo program that incorporated experimental mouse motion data were reconstructed by MLEM with Siddon's ray tracing. To better understand the impact of motion tracking and system geometric parameter errors on reconstructed system data, an offset of up to 1 mm or degree was separately applied to each for evaluation. In the absence of motion tracking or system geometric error, the applied motion compensation algorithm successfully reconstructed volumes without any degradation or distortion. Presented results reveal that motion tracking errors propagate through the SPECT reconstruction process. However, it is confirmed that the impact of tracking errors in the currently employed motion tracking system, is minimal because of their accuracy. The results also reveal the direct and indirect impact of geometric errors to motion compensated reconstruction quality and that a wrong assumption of pinhole transaxial position produces the most amount of distortion of all the investigated errors. Finally, system geometric errors are shown to have a greater impact on reconstruction quality than equivalent tracking errors.

S.J. Lee, J.S. Baba, J. S. Goddard, A. Stolin, J. McKisson, A.G. Weisenberger, M.F. Smith

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Statistical data mining of streaming motion data for activity and fall recognition in assistive environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The analysis of human motion data is interesting in the context of activity recognition or emergency event detection, especially in the case of elderly or disabled people living independently in their homes. Several techniques have been proposed for ... Keywords: Cumulative sum (CUSUM) algorithm, Fall detection, Streaming motion data, Visual data

S. K. Tasoulis; C. N. Doukas; V. P. Plagianakos; I. Maglogiannis

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Multi-physical simulations of current-induced domain wall motion using graphics processing units  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Micromagnetic simulations of current- induced domain wall motion are presented. Domain walls are prominent candidates for concepts of storing binary data by the magnetization of ferromagnetic nanostructures. Influences of the spin-torque and the Oersted ... Keywords: current-induced domain wall motion, graphics processing units, multi-physical micromagnetic modelling and simulations, racetrack memory

André Drews; Gunnar Selke; Dietmar P. F. Möller

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Solution of linear problems of the uniform motion of a vortex source in a multilayer fluid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method of solving linear problems of the uniform motion of a vortex source in a multilayer fluid having an arbitrary finite number of layers is proposed. As an example, the problem of the motion of a vortex source of given intensity in a three-layer fluid is solved. Formulas for the complex velocities and hydrodynamic reactions are obtained.

Gorlov, S.I.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Perceptual consequences of visual performance fields: The case of the line motion illusion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

alone does not resolve this issue, but McColgin (1960) reported HVAs in threshold for both vertical HVAs for various types of motion. In a detailed examination of motion thresholds across the visual field at eccentricities ranging from 2- to 14-, McColgin (1960) reported HVAs for rotary and linear

Carrasco, Marisa

446

Moving sounds enhance the visually-induced self-motion illusion (circular vection) in virtual reality  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

While rotating visual and auditory stimuli have long been known to elicit self-motion illusions (“circular vection”), audiovisual interactions have hardly been investigated. Here, two experiments investigated whether visually induced circular ... Keywords: Audiovisual interactions, presence, psychophysics, self-motion simulation, spatial sound, vection, virtual reality

Bernhard E. Riecke; Aleksander Väljamäe; Jörg Schulte-Pelkum

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Approximate Equations of Motion for Compact Spinning Bodies in General Relativity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Approximate equations are derived for the motion of a gyroscope on the earth's gravitational field using the Einstein, Infeld, Hoffmann surface integral method. This method does not require a knowledge of the energy-momentum-stress tensor associated with the gyroscope and uses only its exterior field for its characterization. The resulting equations of motion differ from those of previous derivations.

James L. Anderson

2005-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

448

A variational approach to motion of triple junction of gas, liquid and solid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A variational approach to motion of triple junction of gas, liquid and solid Kensuke Yokoia;b;c;1 a to deal with motion of triple junctions of gas, liquid (or two kinds of uid) and solid based on the level with triple junctions of gas, liquid and solid. Numerical simulations for free surface ows with moving

Soatto, Stefano

449

Learning and regularizing motion models for enhancing particle filter-based target tracking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes an original strategy for using a data-driven probabilistic motion model into particle filter-based target tracking on video streams. Such a model is based on the local motion observed by the camera during a learning phase. Given ...

Francisco Madrigal; Mariano Rivera; Jean-Bernard Hayet

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Real-Time Dynamic Visual Tracking Using PSD Sensors and Extended Trapezoidal Motion Planning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A real-time visual servo tracking system for an industrial robot has been implemented using PSD (Position Sensitive Detector) cameras, neural networks, and an extended trapezoidal motion planning method. PSD and directly transduces the light‘s ... Keywords: extended trapezoidal motion planning, locally activated neural network, position sensitive detectors, target tracking, visual servoing

Soo-Hyuk Nam; Se-Young Oh

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Principles of superposition for controlling pinch motions by means of robot fingers with soft tips  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper analyzes the dynamics and control of pinch motions generated by a pair of two multi-degrees-of-freedom robot fingers with soft and deformable tips pinching a rigid object. It is shown firstly that passivity analysis leads to an effective design ... Keywords: Pinch motion, Robot finger, Soft finger, Stable grasping, Superposition principle

S. Arimoto; K. Tahara; M. Yamaguchi; P. T. A. Nguyen; M.-Y. Han

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Improving the Quality of Non-Holonomic Motion by Hybridizing C-PRM Paths  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sampling-based motion planners are an effective means for generating collision-free motion paths. However, the quality of these motion paths, with respect to different quality measures such as path length, clearance, smoothness or energy, is often notoriously low. This problem is accentuated in the case of non-holonomic sampling-based motion planning, in which the space of feasible motion trajectories is restricted. In this study, we combine the C-PRM algorithm by Song and Amato with our recently introduced path-hybridization approach, for creating high quality non-holonomic motion paths, with combinations of several different quality measures such as path length, smoothness or clearance, as well as the number of reverse car motions. Our implementation includes a variety of code optimizations that result in nearly real-time performance, and which we believe can be extended with further optimizations to a real-time tool for the planning of high-quality car-like motion.

Berger, Itamar; Zohar, Gal; Raveh, Barak; Halperin, Dan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Respiratory motion of the heart: Implications for magnetic resonance coronary angiography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Magnetic resonance(MR) coronary imaging is susceptible to artifacts caused by motion of the heart. The purpose of this thesis was to study the respiratory motion of the coronary arteries and to use the results to develop strategies for improved MRimaging. The first section of the thesis describes a MR motion correction technique for objects undergoing a 3D affine transformation. The remainder of the thesis focuses on measuring the respiratory motion of the heart from free breathing x-ray angiograms. Stereo reconstruction methods are used to generate 3D models of the arteries from biplane angiograms. A method for tracking the motion of the arteries in a sequence of biplane images is presented next. The algorithm uses 3D regularizing constraints on the length changes of the arteries and on the spatial regularity of their motion. The algorithm was validated using a deforming vascular phantom. RMS 3D distance errors were measured between centerline models tracked in the x-ray images and gold-standard models derived from a gated 3D MR acquisition. The mean error was 0.69±0.06? mm for four different orientations of the x-ray system. The motion field recovered from free breathing angiograms is a combination of the cardiac contraction and respiratory motion of the heart. A cardiac respiratory parametric model is formulated to decompose the field into independent cardiac and respiratory components. Results are presented for ten patients imaged during spontaneous tidal breathing. For all patients

Guy Shechter

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Proschema: A Matlab application for processing strong motion records and estimating earthquake engineering parameters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Strong motion records are the original input data for earthquake engineering studies and earthquake resistant building codes. Records originating from both, analogue and modern digital instruments should be subjected to processing in order to derive ... Keywords: CDMG format, Corrected time series, European strong motion database format, Response spectra, Seismology, Smc format

M. Segou; N. Voulgaris

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

SEARCH PATTERNS SWITCHING FOR MOTION ESTIMATION USING RATE OF ERROR DESCENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SEARCH PATTERNS SWITCHING FOR MOTION ESTIMATION USING RATE OF ERROR DESCENT Ka-Ho Ng, Lai-Man Po estimation algorithms based on search- point pattern are only good at handling videos with small motions, for example, block-based gradient descent search, diamond search and hexagonal-based search. An adaptive

Po, Lai-Man

456

Numerical Subdivision Methods in Motion Planning Yi-Jen Chiang and Chee Yap  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Numerical Subdivision Methods in Motion Planning Yi-Jen Chiang and Chee Yap Abstract-- We propose is supported by NSF Grant CCF-0917093. Chiang is supported by DOE Grant DE-SC0004874. Presented at IROS 2011 Workshop on Progress and Open Problems in Motion Planning, San Francisco, Sep. 30, 2011. Chiang

Chiang, Yi-Jen

457

Robust, multidimensional mesh-motion based on Monge-Kantorovich equidistribution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mesh-motion (r-refinement) grid adaptivity schemes are attractive due to their potential to minimize the numerical error for a prescribed number of degrees of freedom. However, a key roadblock to a widespread deployment of this class of techniques has ... Keywords: Grid tangling, Mesh adaptation, Mesh-motion, Monge-Ampère, Monge-Kantorovich, Newton-Krylov, r-Refinement

L. Chacón; G. L. Delzanno; J. M. Finn

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Molecular to fluid dynamics: The consequences of stochastic molecular motion Stefan Heinz*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Molecular to fluid dynamics: The consequences of stochastic molecular motion Stefan Heinz) The derivation of fluid dynamic equations from molecular equations is considered. This is done on the basis of a stochastic model for the molecular motion which can be obtained by a projection of underlying determin- istic

Heinz, Stefan

459

Formation of isobaric discontinuities in large-scale flute drift motions  

SciTech Connect

The flute drift motion in MHD-stable plasma configurations with closed lines of force is analyzed qualitatively. The onset of this motion can lead to isobaric discontinuities in experimentally observable quantitites: the electric potential and the electron and ion densities and temperatures.

Dreizin, Y.A.; Sokolov, E.P.

1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

VLSI Architecture Design of Fractional Motion Estimation for H.264/AVC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The H.264/AVC Fractional Motion Estimation (FME) with rate-distortion constrained mode decision can improve the rate-distortion efficiency by 2---6 dB in peak signal-to-noise ratio. However, it comes with considerable computation complexity. Acceleration ... Keywords: H.264/AVC, Motion estimation, VLSI architecture, Video coding

Yi-Hau Chen; Tung-Chien Chen; Shao-Yi Chien; Yu-Wen Huang; Liang-Gee Chen

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motion kinetic en" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Automated Heart Wall Motion Abnormality Detection From Ultrasound Images using Bayesian Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Automated Heart Wall Motion Abnormality Detection From Ultrasound Images using Bayesian Networks± . maleeha.qazi@siemens.com , glenn.fung@siemens.com Abstract Coronary Heart Disease can be diagnosed by mea- suring and scoring regional motion of the heart wall in ultrasound images of the left ventricle (LV

Rosales, Rómer E.

462

Squidball: an experiment in large-scale motion capture and game design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes Squidball, a new large-scale motion capture based game. It was tested on up to 4000 player audiences last summer at SIGGRAPH 2004. It required the construction of the world's largest motion capture space at the time, and many ...

Christoph Bregler; Clothilde Castiglia; Jessica DeVincezo; Roger Luke DuBois; Kevin Feeley; Tom Igoe; Jonathan Meyer; Michael Naimark; Alexandru Postelnicu; Michael Rabinovich; Sally Rosenthal; Katie Salen; Jeremi Sudol; Bo Wright

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

NETL: Mercury Emissions Control Technologies - Bench Scale Kinetics of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bench Scale Kinetics of Mercury Reactions in FGD Liquors Bench Scale Kinetics of Mercury Reactions in FGD Liquors When research into the measurement and control of Hg emissions from coal-fired power plants began in earnest in the early 1990s, it was observed that oxidized mercury can be scrubbed at high efficiency in wet FGD systems, while elemental mercury can not. In many cases, elemental mercury concentrations were observed to increase slightly across wet FGD systems, but this was typically regarded as within the variability of the measurement methods. However, later measurements have shown substantial re-emissions from some FGD systems. The goal of this project is to develop a fundamental understanding of the aqueous chemistry of mercury (Hg) absorbed by wet flue gas desulfurization (FGD) scrubbing liquors. Specifically, the project will determine the chemical reactions that oxidized mercury undergoes once absorbed, the byproducts of those reactions, and reaction kinetics.

464

Amber Kinetics, Inc. Smart Grid Demonstration Project | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kinetics, Inc. Smart Grid Demonstration Project Kinetics, Inc. Smart Grid Demonstration Project Jump to: navigation, search Project Lead Amber Kinetics, Inc. Country United States Headquarters Location Fremont, California Recovery Act Funding $4,000,000.00 Total Project Value $10,000,000.00 Coordinates 37.5482697°, -121.9885719° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

465

On kinetic description of electromagnetic processes in a quantum plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A nonlinear kinetic equation for nonrelativistic quantum plasma with electromagnetic interaction of particles is obtained in the Hartree's mean-field approximation. It is cast in a convenient form of Vlasov-Boltzmann-type equation with "quantum interference integral", that allows for relatively straightforward modification of existing classical Vlasov codes to incorporate quantum effects (quantum statistics and quantum interference of overlapping particles wave functions), without changing the bulk of the codes. Such modification (upgrade) of existing Vlasov codes may provide a direct and effective path to numerical simulations of nonlinear electrostatic and electromagnetic phenomena in quantum plasmas, especially of processes where kinetic effects are important (e.g., modulational interactions and stimulated scattering phenomena involving plasma modes at short wavelengths or high-order kinetic modes, dynamical screening and interaction of charges in quantum plasma, etc.) Moreover, numerical approaches involv...

Tyshetskiy, Y O; Kompaneets, R

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Chemical Kinetic Models for HCCI and Diesel Combustion  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Predictive engine simulation models are needed to make rapid progress towards DOE's goals of increasing combustion engine efficiency and reducing pollutant emissions. These engine simulation models require chemical kinetic submodels to allow the prediction of the effect of fuel composition on engine performance and emissions. Chemical kinetic models for conventional and next-generation transportation fuels need to be developed so that engine simulation tools can predict fuel effects. The objectives are to: (1) Develop detailed chemical kinetic models for fuel components used in surrogate fuels for diesel and HCCI engines; (2) Develop surrogate fuel models to represent real fuels and model low temperature combustion strategies in HCCI and diesel engines that lead to low emissions and high efficiency; and (3) Characterize the role of fuel composition on low temperature combustion modes of advanced combustion engines.

Pitz, W J; Westbrook, C K; Mehl, M; Sarathy, S M

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

467

Observing Structure and Motion in Molecules with Ultrafast Strong Field and Short Wavelength Laser Radiation  

SciTech Connect

The term "molecular movie" has come to describe efforts to track and record Angstrom-scale coherent atomic and electronic motion in a molecule. The relevant time scales for this range cover several orders of magnitude, from sub-femtosecond motion associated with electron-electron correlations, to 100-fs internal vibrations, to multi-picosecond motion associated with the dispersion and quantum revivals of molecular reorientation. Conventional methods of cinematography do not work well in this ultrafast and ultrasmall regime, but stroboscopic "pump and probe" techniques can reveal this motion with high fidelity. This talk will describe some of the methods and recent progress in exciting and controlling this motion, using both laboratory lasers and the SLAC Linac Coherent Light Source x-ray free electron laser, and will further try to relate the date to the goal of molecular movies.

Bucksbaum, Philip H

2011-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

468

Static Scale Conversion Weigh-In-Motion System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In support of the Air Mobility Battle Lab (AMBL), the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Advanced Logistics Program and the U. S. Transportation Command (USTRANSCOM), the ultimate objective of this project is to develop and demonstrate a full-scale prototype static scale conversion weigh-in-motion/Profilometry (SSC-WIM/P) system to measure and record dimensional and weight information for the Department of Defense (DoD) equipment and cargo. The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), along with the AMBL, and Intercomp, Inc. have developed a long-range plan for developing a dual-use system which can be used as a standard static scale or an accurate weigh-in-motion system. AMBL will work to define requirements for additional activities with U.S. Transportation Command, Air Mobility Command, and the Joint Warfighting Battle Lab for both the SSC-WIM/P and a portable Weigh-in-Motion System for individual units. The funding goal is to fully fund the development of two prototype test articles (a SSC-WIM kit, and a laser profilometer) and have at least one fully operational system by the early 2002 timeframe. The objective of this portion of the project will be to develop a SSC-WIM system, which at a later date can be fully integrated with a profilometry system; to fully characterize DOD wheeled vehicles and cargo (individual axle weights, total vehicle weight, center of balance, height, width and length measurements). The program will be completed in phases with the initial AMBL/DARPA funding being used to initiate the efforts while AMBL/USTC obtains funding to complete the first generation system effort. At the completion of an initial effort, the interface hardware and the data acquisition/analysis hardware will be developed, fabricated, and system principles and basic functionality evaluated, tested, and demonstrated. Additional funding, when made available, will allow the successful completion of a first generation prototype system. This effort will be followed by a fully optimized system to be developed, tested and made ready for commercialization in the FY-2002 timeframe. A further objective of this program will be to bring several DOD organizations together for a common goal, leverage private industry resources and funds, and utilize Tennessee Department of Transportation facilities and support personnel to augment the cost of testing and evaluation activities performed by ORNL. The specific objectives of this initial program were to: (1) Define, develop, and fabricate the initial building block system hardware and software, (2) Demonstrate system principles and basic functionality while interfacing with representative static scales and thereby, validate the static scale conversion concept, (3) Survey up to eight prominent Army and Air Force power projection bases for type and design of the existing static scales and determine if the scales can be converted to a SSC-WIM system, and (4) Document these efforts and findings in a final report and provide cost, schedule, and performance planning data for a follow-on production program.

Beshears, D.L.

2001-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

469

Recent advances in the kinetics of oxygen reduction  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Oxygen reduction is considered an important electrocatalytic reaction; the most notable need remains improvement of the catalytic activity of existing metal electrocatalysts and development of new ones. A review is given of new advances in the understanding of reaction kinetics and improvements of the electrocatalytic properties of some surfaces, with focus on recent studies of relationship of the surface properties to its activity and reaction kinetics. The urgent need is to improve catalytic activity of Pt and synthesize new, possibly non- noble metal catalysts. New experimental techniques for obtaining new level of information include various {ital in situ} spectroscopies and scanning probes, some involving synchrotron radiation. 138 refs, 18 figs, 2 tabs.

Adzic, R.

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Chemical and kinetic equilibrations via radiative parton transport  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A hot and dense partonic system can be produced in the early stage of a relativistic heavy ion collision. How it equilibrates is important for the extraction of Quark-Gluon Plasma properties. We study the chemical and kinetic equilibrations of the Quark-Gluon Plasma using a radiative transport model. Thermal and Color-Glass-Condensate motivated initial conditions are used. We observe that screened parton interactions always lead to partial pressure isotropization. Different initial pressure anisotropies result in the same asymptotic evolution. Comparison of evolutions with and without radiative processes shows that chemical equilibration interacts with kinetic equilibration and radiative processes can contribute significantly to pressure isotropization.

Bin Zhang; Warner A. Wortman

2011-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

471

Plasma outflow from a corrugated trap in the kinetic regime  

SciTech Connect

The problem of stationary plasma outflow from an open corrugated trap in the kinetic regime is considered with allowance for pair collisions in the framework of a kinetic equation with the Landau collision integral. The distribution function is studied in the limit of small-scale corrugation and a large mirror ratio. In considering a single corrugation cell, a correction for the distribution function is calculated analytically. An equation describing variations of the distribution function along the system is derived and used to study the problem of plasma outflow into vacuum.

Skovorodin, D. I.; Beklemishev, A. D. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, Siberian Branch (Russian Federation)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

472

Kinetic energy principle and neoclassical toroidal torque in tokamaks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is shown that when tokamaks are perturbed, the kinetic energy principle is closely related to the neoclassical toroidal torque by the action invariance of particles. Especially when tokamaks are perturbed from scalar pressure equilibria, the imaginary part of the potential energy in the kinetic energy principle is equivalent to the toroidal torque by the neoclassical toroidal viscosity. A unified description therefore should be made for both physics. It is also shown in this case that the potential energy operator can be self-adjoint and thus the stability calculation can be simplified by minimizing the potential energy.

Park, Jong-Kyu [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

473

Kinetic Energy Principle And Neoclassical Toroidal Torque In Tokamaks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is shown that when tokamaks are perturbed the kinetic energy principle is closely related to the neoclassical toroidal torque by the action invariance of particles. Especially when tokamaks are perturbed from scalar pressure equilibria, the imaginary part of the potential energy in the kinetic energy principle is equivalent to the toroidal torque by the Neoclassical Toroidal Viscosity (NTV). A unified description therefore should be made for both physics. It is also shown in this case that the potential energy operator can be self-adjoint and thus the stability calculation can be simplified by minimizing the potential energy

Jong-Kyu Park

2011-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

474

Fragmentation of water by ion impact: Kinetic energy release spectra  

SciTech Connect

The fragmentation of isolated water molecules on collision with 450-keV Ar{sup 9+} has been studied using time-of-flight mass spectrometry employing multihit detection. The kinetic energy release spectrum for the dissociation of [H{sub 2}O]{sup 2+ White-Star} into (H{sup White-Star },H{sup +},O{sup +}) fragments has been measured where H{sup White-Star} is a neutral Rydberg hydrogen atom. Ab initio calculations are carried out for the lowest states of [H{sub 2}O]{sup q+} with q=2 and 3 to help interpret the kinetic energy release spectra.

Rajput, Jyoti; Safvan, C. P. [Department of Physics and Astrophysics, University of Delhi, Delhi 110007 (India); Inter-University Accelerator Centre, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi 110067 (India)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

475

Kinetic description of electron plasma waves with orbital angular momentum  

SciTech Connect

We describe the kinetic theory of electron plasma waves with orbital angular momentum or twisted plasmons. The conditions for a twisted Landau resonance to exist are established, and this concept is introduced for the first time. Expressions for the kinetic dispersion relation and for the electron Landau damping are derived. The particular case of a Maxwellian plasma is examined in detail. The new contributions to wave dispersion and damping due the orbital angular momentum are discussed. It is shown that twisted plasmons can be excited by rotating electron beams.

Mendonca, J. T. [IPFN, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Av. Rovisco Pais 1, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

476

Detailed chemical kinetic modeling of diesel combustion with oxygenated fuels  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The influence of oxygenated hydrocarbons as additives to diesel fuels on ignition, NOx emissions and soot production has been examined using a detailed chemical kinetic reaction mechanism. N-heptane was used as a representative diesel fuel, and methanol, ethanol, dimethyl ether and dimethoxymethane were used as oxygenated fuel additives. It was found that addition of oxygenated hydrocarbons reduced NOx levels and reduced the production of soot precursors. When the overall oxygen content in the fuel reached approximately 25% by mass, production of soot precursors fell effectively to zero, in agreement with experimental studies. The kinetic factors responsible for these observations are discussed.

Pitz, W J; Curran, H J; Fisher, E; Glaude, P A; Marinov, N M; Westbrook, C K

1999-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

477

Challenging government: institutional arrangements, policy shocks, and no-confidence motions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Our understanding of parliamentary politics suggests that no-confidence motions have a critical place in government continuation, reorganization and termination. More specifically, we know that opposition parties use no-confidence motions as a way of removing the government and potentially inducing early elections. Up until now, we know little about either the causes or the consequences of no-confidence motions. In this dissertation, I first develop a formal model of the conditions under which an opposition party will threaten to propose (and eventually propose) a no-confidence motion in the government. The model provides a number of intuitive observations about the behavior of opposition parties and the reactions of governments to challenges. I develop a competence-based theory where opposition parties signal their perception of the government's competence with no-confidence motions. In the game, opposition parties act both in terms of short-term gains as well as long-term electoral gains. This model provides intuitive answers that help us understand the circumstances under which the opposition will challenge the government. The model also provides empirical expectations regarding the probability that the motion is successful, in addition to its long-term electoral consequences. Next, I test the theoretical propositions regarding the occurrence of noconfidence motions on a cross-sectional time-series data set of all no-confidence motions in a sample of parliamentary democracies in the post-World War II era. Even though successful no-confidence motions are relatively rare, they can have profound consequences on policy outcomes. The next section illustrates these consequences, as I find that having a no-confidence motion proposed against them makes governments more likely to be targeted by other states in international conflicts. In the conclusion I summarize the key findings, present the broad implications for the study of parliamentary decision making, and discuss avenues for future research.

Williams, Laron Kenneth

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Extraction of tumor motion trajectories using PICCS-4DCBCT: A validation study  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: As a counterpart of 4DCT in the treatment planning stage of radiotherapy treatment, 4D cone beam computed tomography (4DCBCT) method has been proposed to verify tumor motion trajectories before radiation therapy treatment delivery. Besides 4DCBCT acquisition using slower gantry rotation speed or multiple rotations, a new method using the prior image constrained compressed sensing (PICCS) image reconstruction method and the standard 1-min data acquisition were proposed. In this paper, the PICCS-4DCBCT method was combined with deformable registration to validate its capability in motion trajectory extraction using physical phantom data, simulated human subject data from 4DCT and in vivo human subject data. Methods: Two methods were used to validate PICCS-4DCBCT for the purpose of respiratory motion delineation. The standard 1-min gantry rotation Cone Beam CT acquisition was used for both methods. In the first method, 4DCBCT projection data of a physical motion phantom were acquired using an on-board CBCT acquisition system (Varian Medical Systems, Palo Alto, CA). Using a deformable registration method, the object motion trajectories were extracted from both FBP and PICCS reconstructed 4DCBCT images, and compared against the programmed motion trajectories. In the second method, using a clinical 4DCT dataset, Cone Beam CT projections were simulated by forward projection. Using a deformable registration method, the tumor motion trajectories were extracted from the reconstructed 4DCT and PICCS-4DCBCT images. The performance of PICCS-4DCBCT is assessed against the 4DCT ground truth. The breathing period was varied in the simulation to study its effect on motion extraction. For both validation methods, the root mean square error (RMSE) and the maximum of the errors (MaxE) were used to quantify the accuracy of the extracted motion trajectories. After the validation, a clinical dataset was used to demonstrate the motion delineation capability of PICCS-4DCBCT for human subjects. Results: In both validation studies, the RMSEs of the extracted motion trajectories from PICCS-4DCBCT images are less than 0.7 mm, and their MaxEs are less than 1 mm, for all three directions. In comparison, FBP-4DCBCT shows considerably larger RMSEs in the physical phantom based validation. PICCS-4DCBCT also shows insensitivity to the breathing period in the 4DCT based validation. For the in vivo human subject study, high quality 3D motion trajectory of the tumor was obtained from PICCS-4DCBCT images and showed consistency with visual observation. Conclusions: These results demonstrate accurate delineation of tumor motion trajectory can be achieved using PICCS-4DCBCT and the standard 1-min data acquisition.

Qi Zhihua; Chen Guanghong [Department of Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, 53705 (United States); Department of Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, 53792 (United States); Department of Radiology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53792 (United States) and Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, 53792 (United States)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

479

Historical Information H.6 SeismicIGround Motion Activity  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

, SeismicIGround Motion Activity Book 3 Structural Response Studies for Project Rulison DISCLAIMER Portions of this document may be illegible in electronic image products. Images are produced from the best available original document. S t r u c t u r a l Response Studies f o r P r o j e c t R U L I S O N P r e p a r e d under C o n t r a c t ATC26-13-99 f o r t h e Nevada Operations O f f i c e , USAEC J o h n A. B l u m e & A s s o c i a t e s R e s e a r c h D i v i s i o n san f r a n c i s c o N O T I C E This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. Neither the United States nor the United States Atomic Energy Commission, nor any of their employees, nor any of their contractors, subcontractors, or their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness

480

I Historical Information H. 6 SeismicIGround Motion Activity  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Historical Information Historical Information H. 6 SeismicIGround Motion Activity Book 3 Seismic Data from Rulison DISCLAIMER Portions of this document may be illegible in electronic image products. Images are produced from the best available original document. This page intentionally left blank S E I S M I C D A T A F R O M R U L I S O N ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE SERVICES ADMINISTRATION COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY Prepared By SPECIAL SEISMOLOGICAL ANALYSIS BRANCH James N. Jordan, Chief Sponsored By U .S. ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT AGENCY A C D ~ S T / R A - ~ ~ July 1970 This r e p o r t was supported by AcDA/ST/RA-82. The U . S. A r m s Control and Disarmament Agency w i l l n o t be r e s p o n s i b l e f o r information contained h e r e i n which may have been s u p p l i e d by o t h e r o r g a n i z a t i o n s o r c o n t r a c t o r s . This document i

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "motion kinetic en" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

VARIABLE CHARGE MOTION FOR 2007-2010 DIESEL ENGINES  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The use of direct injection diesel engines in US heavy duty pickup truck applications is becoming increasingly popular with over 250,000 produced in 2002. The high torque density and greatly improved fuel consumption offer distinct advantages to the end user. 2007 and 2010 emissions legislation will present another set of technical and product cost challenges to this type of powertrain. The introduction of efficient aftertreatment systems is mandatory to the success of these engines but optimization of engine-out emissions is also a critical element. Much has been written on the improvements in modern fuel systems which offer great flexibility for the direct introduction of fuel into the cylinder. This paper presents complementary technologies which allow improved air/fuel mixing processes by the additional flexibility of variable in-cylinder charge motion. This approach is particularly applicable to pick-up truck engines, which require high BMEP levels across a wide engine speed range to offer the driveability demanded by the consumer. Design solutions for 2 valve and 4 valve engines are presented along with the potential emissions and fuel consumption benefits.

Maier, J

2003-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

482

The Effects of Charge Motion and Laminar Flame Speed on Late Robust Combustion in a Spark-Ignition Engine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effects of charge motion and laminar flame speeds on combustion and exhaust temperature have been studied by using an air jet in the intake flow to produce an adjustable swirl or tumble motion, and by replacing the ...

Cheng, Wai K.

483

Airfoil sampling of a pulsed Laval beam with tunable vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) synchrotron ionization quadrupole mass spectrometry: Application to low--temperature kinetics and product detection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

flows suitable for kinetic studies of chemical reactions infor a chemical reaction in the available kinetic window ofa complex kinetic behavior. The rate of chemical reactions

Soorkia, Satchin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

From continuum Fokker-Planck models to discrete kinetic models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ABSTRACT Two theoretical formalisms are widely used in modeling mechanochemical systems such as protein motors: continuum Fokker-Planck models and discrete kinetic models. Both have advantages and disadvantages. Here we present a ‘‘finite volume’ ’ procedure to solve Fokker-Planck equations. The procedure relates the continuum equations to a discrete mechanochemical kinetic model while retaining many of the features of the continuum formulation. The resulting numerical algorithm is a generalization of the algorithm developed previously by Fricks, Wang, and Elston through relaxing the local linearization approximation of the potential functions, and a more accurate treatment of chemical transitions. The new algorithm dramatically reduces the number of numerical cells required for a prescribed accuracy. The kinetic models constructed in this fashion retain some features of the continuum potentials, so that the algorithm provides a systematic and consistent treatment of mechanical-chemical responses such as load-velocity relations, which are difficult to capture with a priori kinetic models. Several numerical examples are given to illustrate the performance of the method.

Jianhua Xing; Hongyun Wang; George Oster

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Kinetic Isotope Effects from Hybrid Classical and Quantum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-order perturbation (KP2) is sufficiently accurate for chemical applications.7 We describe an automated, numerical in chemical applications to determine KIEs for chemical reactions, and because of its fast convergenceCHAPTER 5 Kinetic Isotope Effects from Hybrid Classical and Quantum Path Integral Computations

Minnesota, University of

486

Abyssal Eddy Kinetic Energy Levels in the Western North Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An earlier observation of about 50 cm2 s?2 for the maximum abyssal (4000 m depth) eddy kinetic energy (KE) in the western North Pacific along 152°E, occurring in the vicinity of the Kuroshio Extension, is now supported by nearly two years of ...

Willeam J. Schmitz Jr.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Comments on “Estimates of Kinetic Energy Dissipation under Breaking Waves”  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is noted that the results of recent experiments on the enhancement of turbulent kinetic energy (TKE) dissipation below surface waves can be stated as follows. TKE dissipation is enhanced by a factor 15Hws/z at depths 0.5Hws < z < 20Hws with ...

Gerrit Burgers

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Kinetics of hot-gas desulfurization sorbents for transport reactors  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Hot-gas desulfurization for the integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) process has been investigated by many researchers to remove effectively hydrogen sulfide with various metal oxide sorbents at elevated temperatures. Various metal oxide sorbents are formulated with metal oxides such as Fe, Co, Zn, and Ti. Initial reaction kinetics of formulated sorbents with hydrogen sulfide is studied in the presence of various amounts of moisture and hydrogen at various reaction temperatures. The objectives of this research are to study initial reaction kinetics for a sorbent-hydrogen sulfide heterogeneous reaction system, to investigate effects of concentrations of hydrogen sulfide, hydrogen, and moisture on dynamic absorption of H{sub 2}S into sorbents, to understand effects of space time of reaction gas mixtures on initial reaction kinetics of the sorbent-hydrogen sulfide system, and to evaluate effects of temperature and sorbent amounts on dynamic absorption of H{sub 2}S into sorbents. Experimental data on initial reaction kinetics of hydrogen sulfide with metal oxide sorbents were obtained with a 0.83-cm{sup 3} differential reactor. The reactivity of MCRH-67 sorbent and AHI-1 was examined. These sorbents were obtained from the Research Triangle Institute (RTI). The sorbents in the form of 70 {micro}m particles are reacted with 1,000--4,000 ppm hydrogen sulfide at 450--600 C. The range of space time of reaction gas mixtures is 0.03--0.09 s. The range of reaction duration is 4--14,400 s.

K.C. Kwon

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Viscous Dissipation of Turbulence Kinetic Energy in Storms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this note the magnitude of the viscous dissipation of turbulence kinetic energy in the surface layer of storms is investigated. It is shown that the layer-integrated dissipative heating is a cubic function of the wind speed. The magnitude of ...

Steven Businger; Joost A. Businger

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Simulations of kinetic events at the atomic scale Graeme Henkelman  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simulations of kinetic events at the atomic scale Graeme Henkelman UT Austin Al / Al(100) B3I / Si Need to find saddle points on the energy surface Rate of escape through each saddle point region: E (KMC): 1. Find low energy saddle points using a min-mode method. 2. Choose one processes from

491

Overview of nonlinear theory of kinetically driven instabilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An overview is presented of the theory for the nonlinear behavior of instabilities driven by the resonant wave particle interaction. The approach should be applicable to a wide variety of kinetic systems in magnetic fusion devices and accelerators. Here the authors emphasize application to Alfven were driven instability, and the principles of the theory are used to interpret experimental data.

Berk, H.L.; Breizman, B.N.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Nano Research Kinetics of Molecular Recognition Mediated Nanoparticle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nano Research Kinetics of Molecular Recognition Mediated Nanoparticle Self-Assembly Chinmay Soman1 the streptavidin-biotin interaction [9] 0078 Nano Res (2009) 2: 78 84 DOI 10.1007/s12274-009-9005-z Research Article #12;79Nano Res (2009) 2: 78 84 are incubated with specific antigens in a physiological buffer

493

Plasmadynamics and ionization kinetics of thermionic energy conversion  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

To reduce the plasma arc-drop, thermionic energy conversion is studied with both analytical and numerical tools. Simplifications are made in both the plasmadynamic and ionization-recombination theories. These are applied to a scheme proposed presently using laser irradiation to enhance the ionization kinetics of the thermionic plasma and thereby reduce the arc-drop. It is also predicted that it is possible to generate the required laser light from a thermionic-type cesium plasma. The analysis takes advantage of theoretical simplifications derived for the ionization-recombination kinetics. It is shown that large laser ionization enhancements can occur and that collisional cesium recombination lasing is expected. To complement the kinetic theory, a numerical method is developed to solve the thermionic plasma dynamics. To combine the analysis of ionization-recombination kinetics with the plasma dynamics of thermionic conversion, a finite difference computer program is constructed. It is capable of solving for both unsteady and steady thermionic converter behavior including possible laser ionization enhancement or atomic recombination lasing. A proposal to improve thermionic converter performance using laser radiation is considered. In this proposed scheme, laser radiation impinging on a thermionic plasma enhances the ionization process thereby raising the plasma density and reducing the plasma arc-drop. A source for such radiation may possibly be a cesium recombination laser operating in a different thermionic converter. The possibility of this being an energy efficient process is discussed. (WHK)

Lawless, J.L. Jr.; Lam, S.H.

1982-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Macro and Micro Scale Electromagnetic Kinetic Energy Harvesting Generators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper is concerned with generators that harvest electrical energy from the kinetic energy present in the sensor nodes environment. These generators have the potential to replace or augment battery power which has a limited lifetime and requires periodic replacement which limits the placement and application of the sensor node.

Beeby, S -P; Torah, R -N; Koukharenko, E; Roberts, S; O'Donnell, T; Roy, S

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Kinetic analysis of anaerobic fermentation of dry beef cattle manure  

SciTech Connect

Influent total solids levels of 10, 20, 30 and 40% were tested for biogas production at 35/sup 0/C and C/N ratios of 11 and 25. Organic loading rates ranging from 5.0 to 10.6 kg VS m/sup -3/ d/sup -1/ were used and the Contois kinetic model was used to evaluate the data.

Schult, D.D.; Luis, V.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Kinetic ballooning-interchange modes in tandem mirrors  

SciTech Connect

A hybrid fluid-gyrokinetic derivation of the kinetic modifications to the ballooning-interchange eigenmode equation is presented which removes the large and small wave frequency restrictions of Tang and Catto. The derivation employs a long-thin ordering and an eikonal ansatz, but otherwise allows arbitrary asymmetry, beta, pressure anisotropy, and unperturbed parallel and perpendicular electrostatic field.

Lee, X.S.; Catto, P.J.

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Di usive Kinetic Explicit Schemes for Nonlinear Degenerate Parabolic Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Di#11;usive Kinetic Explicit Schemes for Nonlinear Degenerate Parabolic Systems #3; D. Aregba parabolic systems. These schemes are based on discrete BGK models where both characteristic velocities. Evje and K.H. Karlsen [15] and of M. Espedal and K.H. Karlsen [14]. For the theory of general parabolic