Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mortgages efficiency standards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Energy Efficiency and Commercial-Mortgage Valuation ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy efficiency is key to the future of the U.S. economy, and commercial buildings are among the largest users of energy. However, existing loan underwriting practices provide no incentive for building owners to make their buildings more energy efficient. In this paper, we develop a commercial-mortgage valuation, or underwriting, strategy that accounts for the energy risk of individual office buildings, this energy risk being a function of both the relative energy efficiency of the building and the characteristics of its location. Our method extends standard underwriting practices, which account for the expected dynamics of interest rates and office building prices over time, by including the expected dynamics of the electricity and gas prices as well as quantity dynamics appropriate to the location of the building. This allows lenders to explicitly take into account the effect of energy use and various alternative efficiency measures when underwriting commercial mortgages.

Dwight Jaffee; Richard Stanton; Nancy Wallace

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Energy-Efficient Mortgages | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy-Efficient Mortgages Energy-Efficient Mortgages Energy-Efficient Mortgages < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Solar Lighting Windows, Doors, & Skylights Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Buying & Making Electricity Water Heating Program Info Program Type Federal Loan Program Homeowners can take advantage of energy efficient mortgages (EEM) to either finance energy efficiency improvements to existing homes, including renewable energy technologies, or to increase their home buying power with the purchase of a new energy efficient home. The U.S. federal government supports these loans by insuring them through Federal Housing Authority (FHA) or Veterans Affairs (VA) programs. This allows borrowers who might

3

Financing energy efficiency via the Mortgage Corporation  

SciTech Connect

Residential housing in the United States consumes more than 20% of all the energy used nationally each year. Home-mortgage lenders are in a position to assist homeowners in reducing this high level of energy consumption by taking advantage of a variety of financing methods now available to them. The Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation has taken several innovative steps to help support lenders' efforts to aid the homeowners of America in their quest to make their properties more energy-efficient.

Schaefer, M.L.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Energy-Efficient Mortgages (Federal) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Substantive Modification to Summary by DSIRE 08052011 References DSIRE1 Summary Homeowners can take advantage of energy efficient mortgages (EEM) to either finance energy...

5

Energy-efficient mortgages and home energy rating systems: A report on the nation`s progress  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes progress throughout the nation in establishing voluntary programs linking home energy rating systems (HERS) and energy-efficient mortgages (EEMs). These programs use methods for rating the energy efficiency of new and existing homes and predicting energy cost savings so lenders can factor in energy cost savings when underwriting mortgages. The programs also encourage lenders to finance cost-effective energy-efficiency improvements to existing homes with low-interest mortgages or other instruments. The money saved on utility bills over the long term can more than offset the cost of such energy-efficiency improvements. The National Collaborative on HERS and EEMs recommended that this report be prepared.

Farhar, B.C.; Eckert, J.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Promoting E-business Through Vertical IS Standards: Lessons from the US Home Mortgage Industry. Chapter 5  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Maintenance Organization, the Data Interchange Standards Association (DISA) and the unnamed interviewees who provided their insights. PROMOTING E-BUSINESS THROUGH VERTICAL IS STANDARDS: LESSONS FROM THE US HOME MORTGAGE INDUSTRY Vertical information systems standards are designed to promote communication and coordination among the organizations comprising a particular industry sector; these standards may address product identification, data definitions, business document layout, and/or business process sequences. A case study of the emergence of vertical information systems standards in the US home mortgage industry is used to provide insights into three processes: (1) the way that the standardization process is structured to facilitate participation and consensus, (2) the approaches used to promote adoption of open and transparent standards, and (3) the steps taken to ensure the ongoing maintenance and integrity of the standard. Interviews with participants involved with the Mortgage Industry Standards and Maintenance Organization (MISMO), as well as meeting observations inform the case analysis. Findings emphasize the importance of company and

Charles W. Steinfield; Rolf T. Wigand; M. Lynne Markus; Gabe Minton

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Appliance Efficiency Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Appliance Efficiency Standards Part 1 of 2 In the National Energy Policy Conservation Act (1978), Congress required DOE to set energy-efficiency standards for 13 residential...

8

Pilot States Program report: Home energy ratings systems and energy-efficient mortgages  

SciTech Connect

This report covers the accomplishments of the home energy ratings systems/energy-efficient mortgages (HERS/EEMs) pilot states from 1993 through 1998, including such indicators as funding, ratings and EEMs achieved, active raters, and training and marketing activities. A brief description of each HERS program's evolution is included, as well as their directors' views of the programs' future prospects. Finally, an analysis is provided of successful HERS program characteristics and factors that appear to contribute to HERS program success.

Farhar, B.

2000-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

9

Appliance Efficiency Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Appliance Efficiency Standards and Price Discrimination C. Anna Spurlock Energy Analysis & Environmental Impact Department Environmental Energy Technologies Division Lawrence...

10

A national program for energy-efficient mortgages and home energy rating systems: A blueprint for action  

SciTech Connect

This Review Draft reports findings and recommendations of the National Collaborative on Home Energy Rating Systems and Mortgage Incentives for Energy Efficiency. The US Department of Energy, in cooperation with the US Department of Housing and Urban Development, formed this National Collaborative as a National Energy Strategy initiative. Participating in the Collaborative were representatives of the primary and secondary mortgage markets, builder and remodeler organizations, real estate and appraiser associations, the home energy rating system industry, utility associations, consumer and public interest groups, state and local government interest groups, and environmental organizations. The Collaborative's purpose was to develop a voluntary national program encouraging energy efficiency in homes through mortgage incentives linked to home energy ratings.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

A national program for energy-efficient mortgages and home energy rating systems: A blueprint for action. Review draft  

SciTech Connect

This Review Draft reports findings and recommendations of the National Collaborative on Home Energy Rating Systems and Mortgage Incentives for Energy Efficiency. The US Department of Energy, in cooperation with the US Department of Housing and Urban Development, formed this National Collaborative as a National Energy Strategy initiative. Participating in the Collaborative were representatives of the primary and secondary mortgage markets, builder and remodeler organizations, real estate and appraiser associations, the home energy rating system industry, utility associations, consumer and public interest groups, state and local government interest groups, and environmental organizations. The Collaborative`s purpose was to develop a voluntary national program encouraging energy efficiency in homes through mortgage incentives linked to home energy ratings.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Appliance Efficiency Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 6 Appliance Efficiency Standards Part 2 of 2: Policy process and consumer gains Part 1 of this article (CBS News, Spring 1995) discussed LBNL's role in setting federal appliance efficiency standards and presented an overview of the net national benefits of standards. Here, we examine the broader policy context for appliance standards and consumer benefits. Policy Context Appliance efficiency standards provide a minimum requirement for energy efficiency at the point of manufacture (or import). These standards seek to overcome market failures-including price distortions and transaction costs-that have historically given rise to a gap between observed and attainable product efficiencies. In this way, appliance standards complement information programs, utility DSM and other incentive programs,

13

/ Mortgage Defaults ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We incorporate house price risk and mortgages into a standard incomplete market (SIM) model. We calibrate the model to match U.S. data, and we show that the model also accounts for non-targeted features of the data such as the distribution of down payments, the life-cycle profile of homeownership, and the mortgage default rate. In addition, we show that the average coefficients that measure the agents ability to self-insure against income shocks are similar to those of a SIM model without housing (as presented by Kaplan and Violante, 2010). However, incorporating housing increases the values of these coefficients for younger agents, which narrows the gap between the SIM models implications and the data. The response of consumption to house price shocks is minimal. We also study the effects of default prevention policies. Introducing a minimum down payment requirement of 15 percent reduces defaults on mortgages by 30 percent, reduces the homeownership rate up to only 0.2 percentage points (if the aggregate house price level does not adjust), and may cause house prices to decline up to 0.7 percent (if homeownership does not adjust). Garnishing defaulters income in excess of 43 percent of median consumption for one year

Juan Carlos; Hatchondo Leonardo; Martinez Juan; M. Snchez

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Appliance and Equipment Efficiency Standards  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

'' Note: The federal government has imposed and updated appliance efficiency standards through several legislative acts,* and now has standards in place or under development for 30 classes of...

15

International Energy-Efficiency Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 5 International Energy-Efficiency Standards Two cost-effective approaches to reducing energy use in buildings are minimum energy standards for appliances and incorporating energy-efficiency principles in building codes. More than two dozen nations already have adopted, will soon adopt, or are considering the adoption of energy-efficiency standards and codes. The Environmental Energy Technologies Division has pooled its resources in the field of energy-efficiency standards with its international activities to create the International Building and Appliance Standards team. The IBAS team convenes regularly to discuss progress in existing international standards activities as well as to identify possible new Berkeley Lab opportunities to support efficiency standards the world over.

16

Underwater Mortgages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

House prices have fallen approximately 30 % from their peak in 2006, accompanied by a level of defaults and foreclosures without precedent in the post-World War II era. Many homeowners have mortgages with principal amounts higher than the market value of their properties. In general, though, the rational default point is below the underwater point where house price equals the remaining loan balance, and depends on prospects for future house price appreciation and borrower default costs. Housing market analysts often explain mortgage defaults as a consequence of life events such as divorce, illness, or job loss. No doubt, such events figure importantly in a borrowers ability to repay a mortgage. However, except for unemployment, which varies with the business cycle, life events occur with unfortunate regularity. By contrast, mortgage default rates vary substantially over time. It is clear then that life events lead to defaults when they occur in combination with some other factor. It seems most likely that this other factor is a change in house prices. Default and foreclosure are costly for borrowers. They would rather avoid these expenses by selling their houses and prepaying their mortgages instead of defaulting. They can and will do so when house prices are increasing or flat. The default rate increases in periods when house prices have fallen, making mortgage prepayment through resale or refinancing difficult. Given the importance of falling house prices as a factor in defaults, it is natural to ask how far they must drop before it serves the borrowers rational interest to strategically default, that is, to walk away from a mortgage even in the absence of a life event. A common answer is that house prices must fall to a point where the value of the house is less than the remaining loan balance, or when the house is underwater (see Thaler 2010, for example). The map in Figure 1 estimates the incidence of underwater first-lien mortgages in 2000. We do not know the actual values of the underlying properties

Krainer; Stephen Leroy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Appliance Energy Efficiency Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Appliance Energy Efficiency Standards Appliance Energy Efficiency Standards Program Information Maryland Program Type ApplianceEquipment Efficiency Standards '' Note: The federal...

18

Appliance and Equipment Energy Efficiency Standards | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and Equipment Energy Efficiency Standards Appliance and Equipment Energy Efficiency Standards Program Information New York Program Type ApplianceEquipment Efficiency Standards ''...

19

Energy Efficiency Standards for State Buildings | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Efficiency Standards for State Buildings Energy Efficiency Standards for State Buildings Savings For Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial...

20

Appliance and Equipment Energy Efficiency Standards | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Appliance and Equipment Energy Efficiency Standards Appliance and Equipment Energy Efficiency Standards Program Information Oregon Program Type ApplianceEquipment Efficiency...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mortgages efficiency standards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Energy efficiency standards for equipment: Additional opportunities...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

efficiency standards for equipment: Additional opportunities in the residential and commercial sectors Title Energy efficiency standards for equipment: Additional opportunities in...

22

Federal Energy Management Program: Minimum Efficiency Standards...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Minimum Efficiency Standards for Electric Motors Section 313 of the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007 raised Federal minimum efficiency standards for...

23

Commission on Energy Efficiency Standards and Practices  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Submitted in Compliance with Iowa Code Section 103A.27 January1, 2011 Commission on Energy Efficiency Standards and Practices Commission on Energy Efficiency Standards and...

24

The effect of Real Estate Mortgage Investment Conduit regulations and standard pooling & servicing agreements on commercial mortgage backed security work out success and profitability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper examines REMIC regulations and Pooling and Servicing Agreements in an effort to ascertain if either the REMIC regulations or standard Pooling and Servicing Agreements are unnecessarily restrictive in the context ...

Wells, William Casey

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Energy Efficiency Resource Standard | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Efficiency Resource Standard Efficiency Resource Standard Energy Efficiency Resource Standard < Back Eligibility Investor-Owned Utility Utility Program Info State Rhode Island Program Type Energy Efficiency Resource Standard Provider Rhode Island Public Utilities Commission Rhode Island enacted legislation in 2006 requiring the state Public Utilities Commission (PUC) to establish standards for system reliability, energy efficiency and conservation procurement, including standards for energy supply diversification, distributed generation, demand response, and "prudent and reliable" energy efficiency and energy conservation measures. These standards and guidelines, which were adopted by the PUC in 2008, must be reviewed at least once every three years. Each electric and natural gas

26

Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Efficiency Portfolio Standard Efficiency Portfolio Standard Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard < Back Eligibility Investor-Owned Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heat Pumps Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Solar Water Heating Program Info State Hawaii Program Type Energy Efficiency Resource Standard Provider Hawaii Public Utilities Commission '''''Note: Hawaii's Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard (EEPS) will not be separate from the state's Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) until January 1, 2015. Rules have not yet been established for the EEPS.''''' Hawaii enacted legislation ([http://www.capitol.hawaii.gov/session2009/bills/HB1464_CD1_.htm HB 1464]) in June 2009 that established an Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard

27

Focus on Energy - Energy Star Mortgages (Wisconsin) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

home, and slightly more liberal mortgage qualifying standards due to increased energy savings. A directory of lenders is available on the program web site above....

28

Appliance Energy Efficiency Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Efficiency Standards Energy Efficiency Standards Appliance Energy Efficiency Standards < Back Program Info State Maryland Program Type Appliance/Equipment Efficiency Standards Provider Maryland Energy Administration '' Note: The federal government has imposed and updated appliance efficiency standards through several legislative acts,* and now has standards in place or under development for 30 classes of products. In general, states which had set standards prior to federal action may enforce their own standards until the federal standards take effect. States that had not set standards prior to federal action must use the federal standards. This summary addresses (1) state appliance standards that will be in place until the federal standards take effect and (2) products for

29

Energy Efficiency Product Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Efficiency Product Standards Efficiency Product Standards Energy Efficiency Product Standards < Back Program Info State New Jersey Program Type Appliance/Equipment Efficiency Standards Provider New Jersey Board of Public Utilities '' Note: The federal government has imposed and updated appliance efficiency standards through several legislative acts,* and now has standards in place or under development for 30 classes of products. In general, states which had set standards prior to federal action may enforce their own standards until the federal standards take effect. States that had not set standards prior to federal action must use the federal standards. This summary addresses (1) state appliance standards that will be in place until the federal standards take effect and (2) products for

30

Appliance and Equipment Efficiency Standards (Rhode Island) ...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

increased efficiency standards for the products currently covered may be adopted Test Methods Specified in standards or State Building Code of Rhode Island Date added to...

31

Energy Efficiency Standards for State Buildings | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Standards for State Buildings Energy Efficiency Standards for State Buildings Eligibility State Government Savings For Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial...

32

Development and implementation of energy efficiency standards...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Development and implementation of energy efficiency standards and labeling programs in China: Progress and challenges Title Development and implementation of energy efficiency...

33

Energy Efficiency Standards for Manufactured Housing | Building...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Regulations Determinations Federal Buildings Manufactured Housing Resource Center Energy Efficiency Standards for Manufactured Housing Section 413 of the Energy...

34

Energy Efficiency Standards for Federal Buildings | Building...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Regulations Site Map Printable Version Development Adoption Compliance Regulations Determinations Federal Buildings Manufactured Housing Resource Center Energy Efficiency Standards...

35

Setting the Standard for Industrial Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Voluntary Agreements for Energy Efficiency or GHG EmissionsACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Industry, WestStandard for Industrial Energy Efficiency A. McKane 1 , R.

McKane, Aimee; Williams, Robert; Perry, Wayne; Li, Tienan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Energy Efficiency Resource Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Efficiency Resource Standards Energy Efficiency Resource Standards Energy Efficiency Resource Standards < Back Eligibility Investor-Owned Utility Municipal Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Savings Category Other Program Info State Delaware Program Type Energy Efficiency Resource Standard Provider Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control In July 2009 the Delaware legislature enacted legislation creating energy savings targets for Delaware's investor-owned, municipal, and cooperative electric utilities, as well the state's natural gas distribution companies. These targets are hereafter referred to collectively as the Delaware Energy Efficiency Resource Standard or EERS. The law requires affected electric utilities to establish programs which save the equivalent

37

Energy Efficiency Resource Standard | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Efficiency Resource Standard Efficiency Resource Standard Energy Efficiency Resource Standard < Back Eligibility Investor-Owned Utility Utility Savings Category Other Bioenergy Buying & Making Electricity Solar Heating & Cooling Water Heating Wind Program Info State Wisconsin Program Type Energy Efficiency Resource Standard Provider Public Service Commission of Wisconsin In March 2006, Wisconsin enacted Act 141 (2005), which requires the commission to revise goals, priorities, and measurable targets for energy efficiency programs every 4 years. An order issued by the Public Service Commission (PSC) in November 2010 set annual percentage targets for electricity and natural gas reductions for the first 4-year planning period (2011-2014). Funding is provided by ratepayers to the utilities' statewide

38

Electric Efficiency Standard | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electric Efficiency Standard Electric Efficiency Standard Electric Efficiency Standard < Back Eligibility Investor-Owned Utility Retail Supplier Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Cooling Other Appliances & Electronics Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Home Weatherization Insulation Design & Remodeling Program Info State Indiana Program Type Energy Efficiency Resource Standard Provider Indiana Utility Regulatory Commission In December 2009, the Indiana Utility Regulatory Commission's (IURC) ordered utilities to establish demand-side management (DSM) electric savings goals leading to 2.0% reduction of electricity sales by the year 2019. Utilities under IURC jurisdiction must file three-year DSM plans, beginning in July of 2010, which indicate progress and plans for reaching

39

North America Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

North American Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling North American Energy Working Group NORTH AMERICAN ENERGY WORKING GROUP The North American Energy Working Group (NAEWG) was...

40

Stronger Manufacturers' Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

by the Department of Energy that will improve the energy efficiency of several common household appliances." The 13 SEER central air conditioner standard is predicted to save...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mortgages efficiency standards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Information Technology Standards Choices and Industry Structure Outcomes: The Case of the U.S. Home Mortgage Industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vertical IS standards prescribe data structures and definitions, document formats, and business processes for particular industries, in contrast to generic information technology (IT) standards, which concern IT characteristics applicable to many industries. ... Keywords: Adoption, Effects Of Standards, Implementation, Industry Structure, Industry-Level Effects, Is Standards, It Choices, Vertical Standards

Rolf T. Wigand; Charles W. Steinfield

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Energy Efficiency Resource Standard | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Efficiency Resource Standard Energy Efficiency Resource Standard Energy Efficiency Resource Standard < Back Eligibility Investor-Owned Utility Municipal Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Savings Category Other Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Energy Efficiency Resource Standard Provider Washington State Department of Commerce Washington voters passed [http://www.secstate.wa.gov/elections/initiatives/text/I937.pdf Initiative 937] in 2006, creating a [http://www.dsireusa.org/incentives/incentive.cfm?Incentive_Code=WA15R&re... renewable energy standard] and an energy efficiency resource standard for the state's electric utilities. Initiative 937 calls for electric utilities that serve more than 25,000 customers in the state of Washington to undertake all cost-effective energy conservation. Investor-owned utilities,

43

Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard < Back Eligibility Investor-Owned Utility Retail Supplier Savings Category Other Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Energy Sources Program Info State Ohio Program Type Energy Efficiency Resource Standard Provider Public Utilities Commission of Ohio In May 2008, Ohio enacted broad electric industry restructuring legislation ([http://www.legislature.state.oh.us/BillText127/127_SB_221_EN_N.pdf SB 221]) containing energy efficiency requirements for investor-owned utilities. In addition to the efficiency standard, SB 221 established the [http://dsireusa.org/incentives/incentive.cfm?Incentive_Code=OH14R&re=1&ee=1

44

Energy Efficiency Resource Standard | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Efficiency Resource Standard Energy Efficiency Resource Standard Jump to: navigation, search Energy efficiency resource standards (EERS) are state policies that require utilities to meet specific targets for energy savings according to a set schedule. EERS policies establish separate reduction targets for electricity sales, peak electric demand and/or natural gas consumption. In most cases, utilities must achieve energy savings by developing demand-side management (DSM) programs, which typically provide financial incentives to customers to install energy-efficient equipment. An EERS policy is sometimes coupled with a state's renewables portfolio standard (RPS). In these cases, energy efficiency is typically included as a lower-tier resource. [1] Energy Efficiency Resource Standard Incentives

45

Industry-wide information systems standardization as collective action: the case of the U.S. residential mortgage industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vertical information systems (VIS) standards are technical specifications designed to promote coordination among the organizations within (or across) vertical industry sectors. Examples include the bar code, electronic data interchange (EDI) standards, ... Keywords: collective action, governance, heterogeneity of resources and interests, institutional support, intellectual property rights, public goods theory, technical design issues, vertical IS standards and standardization

M. Lynne Markus; Charles W. Steinfield; Rolf T. Wigand; Gabe Minton

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Energy Efficiency Standard | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Efficiency Standard Efficiency Standard Energy Efficiency Standard < Back Eligibility Investor-Owned Utility Municipal Utility Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Utility Savings Category Other Program Info State Iowa Program Type Energy Efficiency Resource Standard Provider Iowa Utilities Board In 2008, Iowa enacted S.B. 2386, which requires the Iowa Utilities Board (IUB) to create energy savings standards (electricity and natural gas) for all rate-regulated utilities. The IUB ordered utilities to reduce retail sales by 1.5% of average sales for the previous 3 years by December 31, 2011.* Utilities that are not rate-regulated (municipal and cooperative utilities) were required to establish their own energy efficiency goals. These goals were filed in December 2009. All utilities (rate-regulated and

47

The Standard Energy Efficiency Database Platform  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SEED: The Standard Energy SEED: The Standard Energy Efficiency Database Platform Bill Prindle Bill Prindle ICF International William.prindle@icfi.com 202-492-9698 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: Data invisibility is a fundamental barrier in building end-use markets. Measuring and recognizing efficiency in U.S. buildings requires standardizing our energy data infrastructure via software conventions. Impact of Project: SEED is intended to provide public

48

The Standard Energy Efficiency Database Platform  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SEED: The Standard Energy SEED: The Standard Energy Efficiency Database Platform Bill Prindle Bill Prindle ICF International William.prindle@icfi.com 202-492-9698 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: Data invisibility is a fundamental barrier in building end-use markets. Measuring and recognizing efficiency in U.S. buildings requires standardizing our energy data infrastructure via software conventions. Impact of Project: SEED is intended to provide public

49

Electric Motor Efficiency Standards and Regulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The last few years have seen the introduction of new standards and regulations for electric motor efficiency in the United States and elsewhere. The Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007 is perhaps the most significant of these and is expected to have a considerable impact on electric motor efficiency in the United States. Based on the National Equipment Manufacturers Association (NEMA) MG 1 2010 Premium Efficiency standard, EISA 2007 mandates that all new induction motors (barring some exc...

2011-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

50

Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Portfolio Standard Portfolio Standard Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard < Back Eligibility Investor-Owned Utility Program Info State New York Program Type Energy Efficiency Resource Standard In May 2007 the New York Public Service Commission (PSC) issued an order instituting a proceeding to develop an Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard (EEPS). The order set a goal of reducing electricity usage in New York by 15% from projected electricity usage in 2015. After examining comments and input from staff and stakeholders, the PSC issued a further order in June 2008 establishing detailed program targets, ratepayer collections to fund energy efficiency programs, and various other protocols for the EEPS. The June 2008 order also established collections from natural gas customers to

51

Energy Efficiency Resource Standard | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Efficiency Resource Standard Energy Efficiency Resource Standard Energy Efficiency Resource Standard < Back Eligibility Investor-Owned Utility Savings Category Other Program Info State Colorado Program Type Energy Efficiency Resource Standard Provider Colorado Public Utilities Commission The Colorado General Assembly passed a law ([http://www.leg.state.co.us/CLICS/CLICS2007A/csl.nsf/fsbillcont3/5EA2048E... HB 1037])in 2007 requiring the investor-owned electric and natural gas utilities to adopt demand-side management (DSM) programs that provide financial incentives for their customers to purchase more efficient equipment and processes, and to engage in demand response. The law provided minimum energy and demand savings targets but also authorized the Colorado Public Utilities Commission (PUC) to revise the goals and establish interim

52

Energy Efficiency Standard | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Efficiency Standard Energy Efficiency Standard Energy Efficiency Standard < Back Eligibility Investor-Owned Utility Retail Supplier Savings Category Other Program Info State Illinois Program Type Energy Efficiency Resource Standard The 2007 Illinois Power Agency Act (IPAA) requires both electric and natural gas utilities establish annual energy-savings goals and reduce energy delivered and peak demand. Utilities are required to file an energy efficiency and demand-response plan with the Illinois Commerce Commission (ICC) every three years, beginning in 2007. Electric Utility Compliance Electricity Sales Reduction The electricity reduction goals apply to utilities that had 100,000 or more customers on December 31, 2005. In February 2008, the ICC approved utility implementation plans for these requirements, available in Dockets

53

Energy Efficiency Resource Standard | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Efficiency Resource Standard Energy Efficiency Resource Standard Energy Efficiency Resource Standard < Back Eligibility Investor-Owned Utility Savings Category Other Program Info State New Mexico Program Type Energy Efficiency Resource Standard Provider New Mexico Public Regulation Commission The Efficient Use of Energy Act requires investor-owned utilities in New Mexico to offer demand-side management and load management programs to their customers. The programs should be designed to achieve electricity savings totaling 5% of their 2005 retail sales by 2014, and 10% of their 2005 retail sales by 2020. All programs adopted by a utility must first be approved by the New Mexico Public Regulation Commission (PRC). Upon approval by the PRC, utilities are entitled to apply a [http://www.dsireusa.org/incentives/incentive.cfm?Incentive_Code=NM09R&re...

54

Appliance Efficiency Standards and Price Discrimination  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Appliance Efficiency Standards and Price Discrimination Appliance Efficiency Standards and Price Discrimination Title Appliance Efficiency Standards and Price Discrimination Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-6283E Year of Publication 2013 Authors Spurlock, Anna C. Date Published 05/2013 Keywords EES-EG Abstract I explore the effects of two simultaneous changes in minimum energy efficiency and ENERGY STAR standards for clothes washers. Adapting the Mussa and Rosen (1978) and Ronnen (1991) second-degree price discrimination model, I demonstrate that clothes washer prices and menus adjusted to the new standards in patterns consistent with a market in which firms had been price discriminating. In particular, I show evidence of discontinuous price drops at the time the standards were imposed, driven largely by mid-low efficiency segments of the market. The price discrimination model predicts this result. On the other hand, in a perfectly competition market, prices should increase for these market segments. Additionally, new models proliferated in the highest efficiency market segment following the standard changes. Finally, I show that firms appeared to use different adaptation strategies at the two instances of the standards

55

Energy Efficiency Resource Standard | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Efficiency Resource Standard Energy Efficiency Resource Standard Energy Efficiency Resource Standard < Back Eligibility Investor-Owned Utility Retail Supplier Savings Category Other Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Energy Efficiency Resource Standard Provider Minnesota Department of Commerce In 2007, the Minnesota legislature passed the Next Generation Energy Act (NGEA), which requires both electric and natural gas investor-owned utilities to reduce energy sales by 1.5% of average sales. Average sales are calculated based on the most recent three-year weather-normalized average. The NGEA requires investor-owned utilities to invest the following amounts of their revenue in energy conservation improvements (including

56

Energy Efficiency Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Standards Standards Energy Efficiency Standards < Back Eligibility Investor-Owned Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Savings Category Other Program Info State Arizona Program Type Energy Efficiency Resource Standard Provider Arizona Corporation Commission Electricity Standard The Arizona Corporation Commission (ACC) adopted [http://images.edocket.azcc.gov/docketpdf/0000116125.pdf rules] in August 2010 requiring certain electric utilities in the state to meet prescribed energy efficiency requirements. The rules pertain to public service companies providing retail electric service and having annual revenue of more than $5 million; however, electric distribution cooperatives have to propose a goal for each year to achieve at least 75% of the savings requirement. By 2020 every IOU must achieve cumulative savings equal to 22% of their

57

Global Potential of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Market Study for Improving ENergy Efficiency for Fans. ISI.of U.S. Federal Energy Efficiency Standards for Residentialet al. (2006). "Energy efficiency standards for equipment:

McNeil, Michael A

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Commission on Energy Efficiency Standards and Practices  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Final Report to the Governor Final Report to the Governor and the Iowa General Assembly Submitted in Compliance with Iowa Code Section 103A.27 January1, 2011 Commission on Energy Efficiency Standards and Practices Commission on Energy Efficiency Standards and Practices 2 Table of Contents Commission Members page 3 Executive Summary page 4 Summary of Recommendations page 5 Legislative Overview page 12 Profile on Iowa's Energy Usage page 14 Commission Proceedings page 15 Recommendations Energy Code Adoption & Compliance page 20 Financing & Incentives page 25 Training and Education page 29 Licensing and Certification page 31 Additional Energy Efficiency Recommendations page 32

59

Realized and prospective impacts of U.S. energy efficiency standards for residential appliances: 2004 update  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 Incremental Costs of Standards . . . . . . . . .Efficiency Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Meyers, Stephen; McMahon, James; McNeil, Michael

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

New Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens to Save Consumers...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens to Save Consumers on Energy Bills New Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens to Save Consumers on Energy Bills May 31,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mortgages efficiency standards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

New Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential Clothes Washers...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential Clothes Washers and Dishwashers to Save Consumers Billions on Energy Bills New Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential Clothes...

62

Effect of Energy Efficiency Standards on Natural Gas Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Conservation on the Natural Gas Price,? memo to RichardEfficiency Standards on Natural Gas Prices Michael Carnall,Efficiency Standards on Natural Gas Prices Michael Carnall,

Carnall, Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential and Commercial Equipment...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Standards for Residential and Commercial Equipment: Additional Opportunities Title Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential and Commercial Equipment: Additional...

64

Federal Energy Management Program: Minimum Efficiency Standards for  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Minimum Efficiency Minimum Efficiency Standards for Electric Motors to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Minimum Efficiency Standards for Electric Motors on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Minimum Efficiency Standards for Electric Motors on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Minimum Efficiency Standards for Electric Motors on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Minimum Efficiency Standards for Electric Motors on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Minimum Efficiency Standards for Electric Motors on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Minimum Efficiency Standards for Electric Motors on AddThis.com... Energy-Efficient Products Federal Requirements Covered Product Categories

65

Energy efficiency standards for residential and commercial equipment: Additional opportunities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

buildings/appliance_standards/residential/ac_central.html>LBNL-56207 Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential andLevels for Upgraded Standards....8 6. Estimation of

Rosenquist, Greg; McNeil, Michael; Iyer, Maithili; Meyers, Steve; McMahon, Jim

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Building Technologies Office: Standard Energy Efficiency Data Platform  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Standard Energy Standard Energy Efficiency Data Platform to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Standard Energy Efficiency Data Platform on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Standard Energy Efficiency Data Platform on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Standard Energy Efficiency Data Platform on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Standard Energy Efficiency Data Platform on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Standard Energy Efficiency Data Platform on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Standard Energy Efficiency Data Platform on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Activities 179d Tax Calculator Advanced Energy Design Guides Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides Building Energy Data Exchange Specification

67

Energy Efficiency Standards for Refrigerators in Brazil: A Methodology for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Efficiency Standards for Refrigerators in Brazil: A Methodology for Energy Efficiency Standards for Refrigerators in Brazil: A Methodology for Impact Evaluation Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy Efficiency Standards for Refrigerators in Brazil: A Methodology for Impact Evaluation Focus Area: Energy Efficiency Topics: Potentials & Scenarios Website: www.scribd.com/doc/34712276/Energy-efficiency-standards-for-refrigerat Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/energy-efficiency-standards-refrigera Language: English Policies: Regulations Regulations: "Appliance & Equipment Standards and Required Labeling,Emissions Standards" is not in the list of possible values (Agriculture Efficiency Requirements, Appliance & Equipment Standards and Required Labeling, Audit Requirements, Building Certification, Building Codes, Cost Recovery/Allocation, Emissions Mitigation Scheme, Emissions Standards, Enabling Legislation, Energy Standards, Feebates, Feed-in Tariffs, Fuel Efficiency Standards, Incandescent Phase-Out, Mandates/Targets, Net Metering & Interconnection, Resource Integration Planning, Safety Standards, Upgrade Requirements, Utility/Electricity Service Costs) for this property.

68

Bank Regulation and Mortgage Market Reform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

applied to home mortgages and mortgage-related securities.Related Securities 10 Asset Class Whole Residential Homehome mortgages remains from the original 1988 Basel 1 requirements. The remaining entries refer to securities

Jaffee, Dwight M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Appliance/Equipment Efficiency Standards | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Appliance/Equipment Efficiency Standards Appliance/Equipment Efficiency Standards Jump to: navigation, search Many states have established minimum efficiency standards for certain appliances and equipment. In these states, the retail sale of appliances and equipment that do not meet the established standards is prohibited. The federal government has also established efficiency standards for certain appliances and equipment. When both the federal government and a state have adopted efficiency standards for the same type of appliance or equipment, the federal standard overrides the state standard even if the state standard is stricter. [1] Appliance/Equipment Efficiency Standards Incentives CSV (rows 1 - 14) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active Appliance Efficiency Regulations (California) Appliance/Equipment Efficiency Standards California Yes

70

Appliance and Equipment Efficiency Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Efficiency Standards Efficiency Standards Appliance and Equipment Efficiency Standards < Back Program Info State Arizona Program Type Appliance/Equipment Efficiency Standards Provider Arizona Department of Commerce '' Note: The federal government has imposed and updated appliance efficiency standards through several legislative acts,* and now has standards in place or under development for 30 classes of products. In general, states which had set standards prior to federal action may enforce their own standards until the federal standards take effect. States that had not set standards prior to federal action must use the federal standards. This summary addresses (1) state appliance standards that will be in place until the federal standards take effect and (2) products for which the federal government is not currently developing an efficiency

71

North America Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

North American Energy Efficiency North American Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling North American Energy Working Group NORTH AMERICAN ENERGY WORKING GROUP The North American Energy Working Group (NAEWG) was established in spring of 2001 by the Canadian Minister of Natural Resources, the Mexican Secretary of Energy and the U.S. Secretary of Energy, to enhance North American energy cooperation. The Group is led by officials from Natural Resources Canada, the Mexican Secretariat of Energy, and the U.S. Department of Energy. The goals of the NAEWG are to foster communication and cooperation among the governments and energy sectors of the three countries on energy-related matters of common interest, and to enhance North American energy trade and interconnections

72

Appliance and Equipment Energy Efficiency Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Appliance and Equipment Energy Efficiency Standards Appliance and Equipment Energy Efficiency Standards Appliance and Equipment Energy Efficiency Standards < Back Program Info State Oregon Program Type Appliance/Equipment Efficiency Standards Provider Oregon Department of Energy '' Note: The federal government has imposed and updated appliance efficiency standards through several legislative acts,* and now has standards in place or under development for 30 classes of products. In general, states which had set standards prior to federal action may enforce their own standards until the federal standards take effect. States that had not set standards prior to federal action must use the federal standards. This summary addresses (1) state appliance standards that will be in place until the federal standards take effect and (2) products for

73

Energy Efficiency Standards for Appliances | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Efficiency Standards for Appliances Efficiency Standards for Appliances Energy Efficiency Standards for Appliances < Back Program Info State Connecticut Program Type Appliance/Equipment Efficiency Standards Provider Department of Energy and Environmental Protection '' Note: The federal government has imposed and updated appliance efficiency standards through several legislative acts,* and now has standards in place or under development for 30 classes of products. In general, states which had set standards prior to federal action may enforce their own standards until the federal standards take effect. States that had not set standards prior to federal action must use the federal standards. This summary addresses (1) state appliance standards that will be in place until the federal standards take effect and (2) products for

74

Appliance and Equipment Energy Efficiency Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Appliance and Equipment Energy Efficiency Standards Appliance and Equipment Energy Efficiency Standards Appliance and Equipment Energy Efficiency Standards < Back Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Appliance/Equipment Efficiency Standards Provider Washington State Department of Commerce '' Note: The federal government has imposed and updated appliance efficiency standards through several legislative acts,* and now has standards in place or under development for 30 classes of products. In general, states which had set standards prior to federal action may enforce their own standards until the federal standards take effect. States that had not set standards prior to federal action must use the federal standards. This summary addresses (1) state appliance standards that will be in place until the federal standards take effect and (2) products for

75

Energy Efficiency Standards for Appliances | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Efficiency Standards for Appliances Energy Efficiency Standards for Appliances Energy Efficiency Standards for Appliances < Back Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Appliance/Equipment Efficiency Standards Provider District Department of the Environment '' Note: The federal government has imposed and updated appliance efficiency standards through several legislative acts,* and now has standards in place or under development for 30 classes of products. In general, states which had set standards prior to federal action may enforce their own standards until the federal standards take effect. States that had not set standards prior to federal action must use the federal standards. This summary addresses (1) state appliance standards that will be in place until the federal standards take effect and (2) products for

76

Appliance and Equipment Energy Efficiency Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Efficiency Standards Energy Efficiency Standards Appliance and Equipment Energy Efficiency Standards < Back Program Info State New York Program Type Appliance/Equipment Efficiency Standards Provider New York State Energy Research and Development Authority '' Note: The federal government has imposed and updated appliance efficiency standards through several legislative acts,* and now has standards in place or under development for 30 classes of products. In general, states which had set standards prior to federal action may enforce their own standards until the federal standards take effect. States that had not set standards prior to federal action must use the federal standards. This summary addresses (1) state appliance standards that will be in place until the federal standards take effect and (2) products for

77

Appliance and Equipment Efficiency Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Appliance and Equipment Efficiency Standards Appliance and Equipment Efficiency Standards Appliance and Equipment Efficiency Standards < Back Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info State Rhode Island Program Type Appliance/Equipment Efficiency Standards Provider Rhode Island Office of Energy Resources '' Note: The federal government has imposed and updated appliance efficiency standards through several legislative acts,* and now has standards in place or under development for 30 classes of products. In general, states which had set standards prior to federal action may enforce their own standards until the federal standards take effect. States that had not set standards prior to federal action must use the federal standards. This summary addresses (1) state appliance standards that will

78

EA-1926: Energy Efficiency Design Standards for New Federal Low...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6: Energy Efficiency Design Standards for New Federal Low-Rise Residential Buildings (RIN 1904-AC61) EA-1926: Energy Efficiency Design Standards for New Federal Low-Rise...

79

Evaluation of Energy-Efficiency Standards for Room Air Conditioners...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy-Efficiency Standards for Room Air Conditioners in the US Title Evaluation of Energy-Efficiency Standards for Room Air Conditioners in the US Publication Type Journal Article...

80

Setting the Standard for Industrial Energy Efficiency  

SciTech Connect

Industrial motor-driven systems use more than 2194 billionkWh annually on a global basis and offer one of the largest opportunitiesfor energy savings.1 The International Energy Agency estimates thatoptimization of motor driven systems could reduce global electricitydemand by 7 percent through the application of commercially availabletechnologies and using well-tested engineering practices. Yet manyindustrial firms remain either unaware of or unable to achieve theseenergy savings. The same factors that make it so challenging to achieveand sustain energy efficiency in motor-driven systems (complexity,frequent changes) apply to the production processes that they support.Yet production processes typically operate within a narrow band ofacceptable performance. These processes are frequently incorporated intoISO 9000/14000 quality and environmental management systems, whichrequire regular, independent audits to maintain ISO certification, anattractive value for international trade. It is our contention that acritical step in achieving and sustaining energy efficiency ofmotor-driven systems specifically, and industrial energy efficiencygenerally, is the adoption of a corporate energy management standard thatis consistent with current industrial quality and environmentalmanagement systems such as ISO. Several energy management standardscurrently exist (US, Denmark, Ireland, Sweden) and specifications(Germany, Netherlands) others are planned (China, Spain, Brazil, Korea).This paper presents the current status of energy management standardsdevelopment internationally, including an analysis of their sharedfeatures and differences, in terms of content, promulgation, andimplementation. The purpose of the analysis is to describe the currentstate of "best practices" for this emerging area of energy efficiencypolicymaking and tosuggest next steps toward the creation of a trulyinternational energy management standard that is consistent with the ISOprinciples of measurement, documentation, and continuousimprovement.

McKane, Aimee; Williams, Robert; Perry, Wayne; Li, Tienan

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mortgages efficiency standards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Energy Efficiency and Sustainable Construction Standards for Public  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Efficiency and Sustainable Construction Standards for Public Energy Efficiency and Sustainable Construction Standards for Public Buildings Energy Efficiency and Sustainable Construction Standards for Public Buildings < Back Eligibility State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Program Info State Georgia Program Type Energy Standards for Public Buildings Provider Georgia Environmental Finance Authority Senate Bill 130 of 2008 established energy efficiency goals for new state building projects. All major facility projects over 10,000 square feet should strive to exceed the efficiency standards of ASHRAE 90.1.2004 by 30% where it is determined that such 30% efficiency is cost effective based on

82

Global Potential of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chinas Current Appliance Standards and Labeling Program toAnalysis of Indian Draft Standard Levels for Room AirGlobal Potential of Efficiency Standards in the Residential

McNeil, Michael A

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Appliance Efficiency Labeling - National Institute of Standards ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The Act required the DOE to develop procedures to test the energy efficiency of certain appliances, set energy efficiency targets for appliances, and ...

2013-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

84

Enforcing Energy-Efficiency Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Enforcing Energy-Efficiency Standards Enforcing Energy-Efficiency Standards Enforcing Energy-Efficiency Standards September 13, 2010 - 4:37pm Addthis Scott Blake Harris Former General Counsel What does this mean for me? The Department sets energy efficiency standards for a vast array of consumer and commercial products. The Department had never systematically enforced DOE's 35-year-old energy efficiency standard. Over the past year, we have thus moved quickly and decisively to end that situation. From now on, compliance with all aspects of DOE energy efficiency standards will be expected, and those standards will be enforced. Secretary of Energy Steven Chu has said that when it comes to remediating climate change and promoting energy independence, improved energy efficiency is not just low-hanging fruit-it's fruit lying on the

85

DOE Proposes Higher Efficiency Standards for Refrigerators | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Proposes Higher Efficiency Standards for Refrigerators DOE Proposes Higher Efficiency Standards for Refrigerators DOE Proposes Higher Efficiency Standards for Refrigerators September 28, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced the release of a new proposed energy efficiency standard for residential refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers. The standard, as proposed, could save consumers as much as $18.6 billion over thirty years. The Obama Administration has made efficiency standards a major priority as a way to save energy and money for American families and businesses. Since January 2009, the Department of Energy has finalized new efficiency standards for more than twenty household and commercial products, which will cumulatively save consumers between $250 billion and

86

Energy-Efficient Building Standards for State Facilities | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy-Efficient Building Standards for State Facilities Energy-Efficient Building Standards for State Facilities Energy-Efficient Building Standards for State Facilities < Back Eligibility State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Solar Lighting Windows, Doors, & Skylights Heating Water Water Heating Wind Program Info State Maine Program Type Energy Standards for Public Buildings Provider State Energy Program Via Executive Order 27, Maine requires that construction or renovation of state buildings must incorporate "green building" standards that would achieve "significant" energy efficiency and environmental sustainability,

87

DOE Proposes Higher Efficiency Standards for Refrigerators  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

New Proposed Standards for Residential Refrigerators and Freezers to Lower Energy Use by as much as Twenty-Five Percent

88

Presenting a New (and Cool) Appliance Efficiency Standard | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Presenting a New (and Cool) Appliance Efficiency Standard Presenting a New (and Cool) Appliance Efficiency Standard Presenting a New (and Cool) Appliance Efficiency Standard September 29, 2010 - 5:24pm Addthis Elizabeth Meckes Elizabeth Meckes Director of User Experience & Digital Technologies, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? The proposed appliance standard could save consumers as much as $18.6 billion over thirty years Proposed standards could save nearly 4.5 quadrillion BTUs over 30 years Secretary Chu recently announced a proposed new energy efficiency standard that could help save energy, money and your food - a proposed appliance standard for residential refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers and freezers that could save consumers as much as $18.6 billion over thirty years. Along with appliance efficiency standards, refrigerators have advanced a

89

Energy Efficiency and Green Building Standards for State Buildings |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Efficiency and Green Building Standards for State Buildings Energy Efficiency and Green Building Standards for State Buildings Energy Efficiency and Green Building Standards for State Buildings < Back Eligibility State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Bioenergy Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Solar Lighting Windows, Doors, & Skylights Heating Water Water Heating Wind Program Info State Wisconsin Program Type Energy Standards for Public Buildings Provider State of Wisconsin Department of Administration In March, 2006, Wisconsin enacted SB 459, the Energy Efficiency and Renewables Act. With respect to energy efficiency, this bill requires the Department of Administration (DOA) to prescribe and annually review energy

90

Energy Efficiency Standards for Public Buildings | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Efficiency Standards for Public Buildings Efficiency Standards for Public Buildings Energy Efficiency Standards for Public Buildings < Back Eligibility State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Program Info State Idaho Program Type Energy Standards for Public Buildings Provider Idaho Office of Energy Resources In May 2008, Idaho enacted HB 422 (the Energy Efficient State Building Act) to reduce the amount of energy consumed by state facilities. To the extent feasible and practical, all major facility projects must be designed, constructed and certified to meet a target of at least 10% to 30% better efficiency than a comparable building on a similar site. A major facility

91

Three essays on mortgage foreclosures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is made up of three papers that investigate several aspects of the current mortgage foreclosure crisis. The first paper examines a 90-day "right-to-cure" policy adopted in Massachusetts to slow the foreclosure ...

Lambie-Hanson, Lauren Skiles

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

New Efficiency Standards Mean Big Energy Savings for Consumers | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Efficiency Standards Mean Big Energy Savings for Consumers Efficiency Standards Mean Big Energy Savings for Consumers New Efficiency Standards Mean Big Energy Savings for Consumers May 16, 2012 - 4:22pm Addthis New Efficiency Standards Mean Big Energy Savings for Consumers April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? By 2030, energy efficiency standards passed since 2009 will save nearly $350 billion total for consumers. Energy efficiency standards for residential clothes washers and dishwashers alone will save consumers approximately $20 billion in energy and water costs through 2030. As part of the Obama Administration's energy strategy, Energy Department officials have been hard at work helping American families save money by saving energy. Since 2009, we've issued nearly 40 common-sense energy

93

Minimum Efficiency Standards for Electric Motors | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Minimum Efficiency Standards for Electric Motors Minimum Efficiency Standards for Electric Motors Minimum Efficiency Standards for Electric Motors October 7, 2013 - 11:28am Addthis Section 313 of the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007 raised Federal minimum efficiency standards for general-purpose, single-speed, polyphase induction motors of 1 to 500 horsepower (hp). This new standard took effect in December 2010. The new minimum efficiency levels match FEMP's performance requirement for these motors. As a result of this increase in mandatory minimum standards and combined with the lack of significant availability of motors exceeding these standards, FEMP is suspending the purchasing specification for electric motors. Federal buyers may select for purchase any motor that meets design requirements.

94

Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Efficiency Standards for New  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Standards for New Federal Low-Rise Residential Buildings to someone by Standards for New Federal Low-Rise Residential Buildings to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Low-Rise Residential Buildings on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Low-Rise Residential Buildings on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Low-Rise Residential Buildings on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Low-Rise Residential Buildings on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Low-Rise Residential Buildings on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Energy

95

Appliance Efficiency Standards (Massachusetts) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

standards Implementing Agency MA Department of Energy Resources Review Biannual report Test Methods Massachusetts plumbing code or U.S. Department of Energy approved test methods...

96

Appliance and Equipment Efficiency Standards (Arizona) | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

for installation and use in recreational vehicles, and products installed in a laundry facility located within an apartment complex or mobile home park. The standards...

97

Setting the Standard for Industrial Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Netherlands has an Energy Management System, not a standard,LTAs and must use the Energy Management System. The 150 mostinvolvement. The energy management system (introduced as a

McKane, Aimee; Williams, Robert; Perry, Wayne; Li, Tienan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

An Overview of the New Residential Water Heater Efficiency Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

An Overview of the New Residential Water Heater Efficiency Standards Speaker(s): Alex Lekov Date: April 26, 2010 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 DOE issued new standards for...

99

Standard Energy Efficiency Data Platform Fact Sheet  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Facilitating Energy Efficiency Data Management Owners and managers of large building portfolios need a common method and structure to store data across their holdings. Many state...

100

Trends in Industrial Energy Efficiency: The Role of Standards...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trends in Industrial Energy Efficiency: The Role of Standards, Certification, and Energy Management in Climate Change Mitigation Speaker(s): Aimee McKane Date: March 18, 2008 -...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mortgages efficiency standards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Energy Efficiency Standards for Public Buildings (Idaho) | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

on Facebook icon Twitter icon Energy Efficiency Standards for Public Buildings (Idaho) This is the approved revision of this page, as well as being the most recent. Jump...

102

Energy efficiency standards for residential and commercial equipment...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

207 Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential and Commercial Equipment: Additional Opportunities Greg Rosenquist, Michael McNeil, Maithili Iyer, Steve Meyers, and Jim McMahon...

103

Energy Efficiency Standards for State Buildings (New Mexico)...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Incentive Programs, Energy Efficiency Incentive Programs Goal 20% reduction in energy usage by Executive Branch agencies by 2015 Requirement LEED standards for Executive...

104

Impact of the Energy Efficiency Labeling and Standards Program...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of the Energy Efficiency Labeling and Standards Program on Room Air-conditioner in Korea NOTICE Due to the current lapse of federal funding, Berkeley Lab websites are...

105

Energy Efficiency Standards for State Facilities | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Energy Efficiency Standards for State Facilities Energy Efficiency Standards for State Facilities < Back Eligibility State Government Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Commercial Lighting Lighting Cooling Program Info State New York Program Type Energy Standards for Public Buildings Provider New York State Energy Research and Development Authority New York's energy efficiency standards for state buildings are governed by an overlapping set of state laws and Executive Orders. The summary below describes the standards created by each authority. Executive Order No. 88 (Cuomo) is described first as it contains the far reaching and detailed set

106

City of Asheville - Efficiency Standards for City Buildings | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Asheville - Efficiency Standards for City Buildings Asheville - Efficiency Standards for City Buildings City of Asheville - Efficiency Standards for City Buildings < Back Eligibility Local Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Bioenergy Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Solar Lighting Windows, Doors, & Skylights Heating Water Water Heating Wind Program Info State North Carolina Program Type Energy Standards for Public Buildings Provider City of Asheville In April 2007, the Asheville City Council adopted carbon emission reduction goals and set LEED standards for new city buildings. The council committed to reducing carbon emissions by 2% per year until the city reaches an 80%

107

Energy Department Issues New Appliance Efficiency Standards | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Issues New Appliance Efficiency Standards Issues New Appliance Efficiency Standards Energy Department Issues New Appliance Efficiency Standards October 18, 2005 - 12:21pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC -- U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman announced that a final rule to codify fifteen energy efficiency standards for residential appliances and commercial equipment has been published in the Federal Register today. These standards were established as part of the comprehensive energy bill signed by President Bush on August 8, 2005. "Improving America's energy efficiency has always been a key goal of this Administration's energy policy," Secretary Bodman said. "These new standards will play an important role in helping to improve America's overall energy savings." The rule announced today addresses the following items for which the Energy

108

Stronger Manufacturers' Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential Air  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Stronger Manufacturers' Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential Stronger Manufacturers' Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential Air Conditioners Go Into Effect Today Stronger Manufacturers' Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential Air Conditioners Go Into Effect Today January 23, 2006 - 11:09am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC -- To increase the energy efficiency of residential air conditioners, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has issued new manufacturing standards that go into effect today, January 23, 2006, for products manufactured in, or imported into, the United States. "Homeowners who choose to buy more energy-efficient air conditioning systems after today will realize significant savings in their energy bills and greatly reduce their energy use," said Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman. "These new energy efficiency standards are the first of several

109

Energy Efficiency Standard (Iowa) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

In 2008, Iowa enacted S.B. 2386, which requires the Iowa Utilities Board (IUB) to create energy savings standards (electricity and natural gas) for all rate-regulated utilities....

110

Projected Regional Impacts of Appliance Efficiency Standards for the U.S. Residential Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to Energy Efficiency Standards for Appliances". Energy inAppliance Efficiency Standards: Cost-Effective FederalAppliance Efficiency Standards. American Council for an

Koomey, J.G.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Evaluation of energy efficiency standards for residential clothes dryers in  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

energy efficiency standards for residential clothes dryers in energy efficiency standards for residential clothes dryers in the USA Title Evaluation of energy efficiency standards for residential clothes dryers in the USA Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2013 Authors Lekov, Alexander B., Victor H. Franco, and Stephen Meyers Journal Energy Efficiency Date Published 05/2013 Keywords appliance standards, energy efficiency Abstract This article describes the analysis of monetary and energy savings attributable to various energy efficiency levels considered as potential US federal standards for residential clothes dryers. The analysis examined benefits to both consumers and the nation as a whole. Benefits to consumers were evaluated based on the life-cycle cost of affected appliances and the payback period associated with increased first costs. Benefits to the nation incorporate both energy and financial savings associated with each potential efficiency standard. The analysis incorporated the most current information on field use of clothes dryers, which shows that dryer usage and the moisture in clothes are less than previously thought. The analysis found that high-efficiency heat pump clothes dryers would be cost-effective for nearly one fifth of US households. However, for both electric standard and gas clothes dryers, standards that improve efficiency by 5 % appear to be the highest levels that have a positive net present value of consumer benefit.

112

Bureau of Energy Efficiency Standard & Labelling (India) Website | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bureau of Energy Efficiency Standard & Labelling (India) Website Bureau of Energy Efficiency Standard & Labelling (India) Website Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Bureau of Energy Efficiency Standard & Labelling (India) Website Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, - Utility Topics: Policy, Deployment, & Program Impact Website: www.beeindia.in/ Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/bureau-energy-efficiency-standard-lab Language: English Policies: "Deployment Programs,Regulations" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. DeploymentPrograms: Voluntary Appliance & Equipment Labeling Regulations: "Building Codes,Energy Standards,Incandescent Phase-Out" is not in the list of possible values (Agriculture Efficiency Requirements, Appliance & Equipment Standards and Required Labeling, Audit Requirements, Building Certification, Building Codes, Cost Recovery/Allocation, Emissions Mitigation Scheme, Emissions Standards, Enabling Legislation, Energy Standards, Feebates, Feed-in Tariffs, Fuel Efficiency Standards, Incandescent Phase-Out, Mandates/Targets, Net Metering & Interconnection, Resource Integration Planning, Safety Standards, Upgrade Requirements, Utility/Electricity Service Costs) for this property.

113

Energy Efficiency Standards (Arizona) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

the ACC's rules. Building codes. Utilities are permitted to count up to one third of the energy savings associated with energy efficient building codes. The energy savings must be...

114

Energy Efficiency Design Standards for New Federal Commercial and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Design Standards for New Federal Commercial and Design Standards for New Federal Commercial and Multi-Family High-Rise Residential Buildings Energy Efficiency Design Standards for New Federal Commercial and Multi-Family High-Rise Residential Buildings October 8, 2013 - 1:56pm Addthis Current Standard The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has published final rule 10 CFR 433: Energy Efficiency Design Standards for New Federal Commercial and Multi-Family High-Rise Residential Buildings (July 9, 2013) to implement provisions in the Energy Conservation and Production Act (ECPA) that require DOE to update the baseline federal energy efficiency performance standards for the construction of new federal commercial and multi-family high-rise residential buildings. This rule updates the baseline federal commercial standard to ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2010, effective September 9,

115

Distributional and Efficiency Impacts of Clean and Renewable Energy Standards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Distributional and Efficiency Impacts of Clean and Renewable Energy Standards for Electricity on recycled paper #12;Distributional and Efficiency Impacts of Clean and Renewable Energy Standards Change Science (CGCS) and the Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research (CEEPR). These two

116

Standard Energy Efficiency Data Platform | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Commercial Buildings » Standard Energy Efficiency Data Platform Commercial Buildings » Standard Energy Efficiency Data Platform Standard Energy Efficiency Data Platform The Standard Energy Efficiency Data (SEED) platform is a software tool that provides a standardized format for collecting, storing and analyzing building energy performance information about large portfolios. The platform provides an easy, flexible, and cost effective method to analyze data about large portfolios of buildings and demonstrate the economic and environmental benefits of energy efficiency. State and local governments and building portfolio owners can use SEED to: Establish their own secure, cloud-based data repository. Import data automatically from EPA's Portfolio Manager and merge that with other existing datasets such as property records and energy

117

Renewable Portfolio Standards - Energy Efficiency Component | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Renewable Portfolio Standards - Energy Efficiency Component Renewable Portfolio Standards - Energy Efficiency Component Renewable Portfolio Standards - Energy Efficiency Component < Back Eligibility Investor-Owned Utility Municipal Utility Retail Supplier Program Info State Connecticut Program Type Energy Efficiency Resource Standard Provider Public Utilities Regulatory Authority Established in 1998 and subsequently revised several times, Connecticut's renewables portfolio standard (RPS) requires each electric supplier and each electric distribution company wholesale supplier to obtain at least 23% of its retail load by using renewable energy by January 1, 2020. Specific to energy efficiency, the RPS also requires each electric supplier and each electric distribution company wholesale supplier to obtain at least 4% of its retail load by using combined heat and power (CHP) systems

118

DOE Increases Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential Furnaces &  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Increases Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential Furnaces DOE Increases Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential Furnaces & Boilers DOE Increases Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential Furnaces & Boilers November 19, 2007 - 4:31pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced it has increased the energy efficiency standards for residential furnaces and boilers, underscoring the Department's commitment to meet its aggressive, five-year appliance standard rulemaking schedule, as established in its January 31, 2006, Report to Congress. The Department estimates that these amended standards, which become effective in 2015, will save the equivalent of the total amount of energy consumed by 2.5 million American households in one year, or approximately 0.25 quadrillion (10x15) British thermal

119

Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Efficiency Design Standards for  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Design Standards for New Federal Commercial and Multi-Family High-Rise Design Standards for New Federal Commercial and Multi-Family High-Rise Residential Buildings to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Efficiency Design Standards for New Federal Commercial and Multi-Family High-Rise Residential Buildings on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Efficiency Design Standards for New Federal Commercial and Multi-Family High-Rise Residential Buildings on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Efficiency Design Standards for New Federal Commercial and Multi-Family High-Rise Residential Buildings on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Efficiency Design Standards for New Federal Commercial and Multi-Family High-Rise Residential Buildings on Delicious

120

DOE Increases Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential Furnaces &  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Increases Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential Furnaces DOE Increases Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential Furnaces & Boilers DOE Increases Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential Furnaces & Boilers November 19, 2007 - 4:31pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced it has increased the energy efficiency standards for residential furnaces and boilers, underscoring the Department's commitment to meet its aggressive, five-year appliance standard rulemaking schedule, as established in its January 31, 2006, Report to Congress. The Department estimates that these amended standards, which become effective in 2015, will save the equivalent of the total amount of energy consumed by 2.5 million American households in one year, or approximately 0.25 quadrillion (10x15) British thermal

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mortgages efficiency standards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Energy efficiency standards for residential and commercial equipment: Additional opportunities  

SciTech Connect

Energy efficiency standards set minimum levels of energy efficiency that must be met by new products. Depending on the dynamics of the market and the level of the standard, the effect on the market for a given product may be small, moderate, or large. Energy efficiency standards address a number of market failures that exist in the buildings sector. Decisions about efficiency levels often are made by people who will not be responsible for the energy bill, such as landlords or developers of commercial buildings. Many buildings are occupied for their entire lives by very temporary owners or renters, each unwilling to make long-term investments that would mostly reward subsequent users. And sometimes what looks like apathy about efficiency merely reflects inadequate information or time invested to evaluate it. In addition to these sector-specific market failures, energy efficiency standards address the endemic failure of energy prices to incorporate externalities. In the U.S., energy efficiency standards for consumer products were first implemented in California in 1977. National standards became effective starting in 1988. By the end of 2001, national standards were in effect for over a dozen residential appliances, as well as for a number of commercial sector products. Updated standards will take effect in the next few years for several products. Outside the U.S., over 30 countries have adopted minimum energy performance standards. Technologies and markets are dynamic, and additional opportunities to improve energy efficiency exist. There are two main avenues for extending energy efficiency standards. One is upgrading standards that already exist for specific products. The other is adopting standards for products that are not covered by existing standards. In the absence of new and upgraded energy efficiency standards, it is likely that many new products will enter the stock with lower levels of energy efficiency than would otherwise be the case. Once in the stock, it is either impossible or more costly to improve the energy efficiency. Therefore, by not expanding or upgrading energy efficiency standards, opportunities for saving energy would be lost. In the past two decades, standards have significantly raised the level of energy efficiency for new products. How much more might be gained by making standards more stringent on products already subject to them, or by extending standards to products not yet covered? The main goal of this study is to estimate key national impacts of new and upgraded energy efficiency standards for residential and commercial equipment. These impacts approximate the opportunity for national benefits that may be lost if standards are not upgraded and expanded from current levels. This study also identifies the end uses where the largest opportunities exist. This analysis was prepared for the National Commission on Energy Policy (NCEP). It uses an analytical approach that is similar in concept to that used by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to set standard levels. It relies on much less data and uses more simplified assumptions than the detailed and complex formulations used in DOE's standard-setting process. The results of this analysis should thus be viewed as a first approximation of the impacts that would actually be achieved by new standards. All monetary values in this report are in 2002 dollars.

Rosenquist, Greg; McNeil, Michael; Iyer, Maithili; Meyers, Steve; McMahon, Jim

2004-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

122

Energy efficiency standards for residential and commercial equipment: Additional opportunities  

SciTech Connect

Energy efficiency standards set minimum levels of energy efficiency that must be met by new products. Depending on the dynamics of the market and the level of the standard, the effect on the market for a given product may be small, moderate, or large. Energy efficiency standards address a number of market failures that exist in the buildings sector. Decisions about efficiency levels often are made by people who will not be responsible for the energy bill, such as landlords or developers of commercial buildings. Many buildings are occupied for their entire lives by very temporary owners or renters, each unwilling to make long-term investments that would mostly reward subsequent users. And sometimes what looks like apathy about efficiency merely reflects inadequate information or time invested to evaluate it. In addition to these sector-specific market failures, energy efficiency standards address the endemic failure of energy prices to incorporate externalities. In the U.S., energy efficiency standards for consumer products were first implemented in California in 1977. National standards became effective starting in 1988. By the end of 2001, national standards were in effect for over a dozen residential appliances, as well as for a number of commercial sector products. Updated standards will take effect in the next few years for several products. Outside the U.S., over 30 countries have adopted minimum energy performance standards. Technologies and markets are dynamic, and additional opportunities to improve energy efficiency exist. There are two main avenues for extending energy efficiency standards. One is upgrading standards that already exist for specific products. The other is adopting standards for products that are not covered by existing standards. In the absence of new and upgraded energy efficiency standards, it is likely that many new products will enter the stock with lower levels of energy efficiency than would otherwise be the case. Once in the stock, it is either impossible or more costly to improve the energy efficiency. Therefore, by not expanding or upgrading energy efficiency standards, opportunities for saving energy would be lost. In the past two decades, standards have significantly raised the level of energy efficiency for new products. How much more might be gained by making standards more stringent on products already subject to them, or by extending standards to products not yet covered? The main goal of this study is to estimate key national impacts of new and upgraded energy efficiency standards for residential and commercial equipment. These impacts approximate the opportunity for national benefits that may be lost if standards are not upgraded and expanded from current levels. This study also identifies the end uses where the largest opportunities exist. This analysis was prepared for the National Commission on Energy Policy (NCEP). It uses an analytical approach that is similar in concept to that used by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to set standard levels. It relies on much less data and uses more simplified assumptions than the detailed and complex formulations used in DOE's standard-setting process. The results of this analysis should thus be viewed as a first approximation of the impacts that would actually be achieved by new standards. All monetary values in this report are in 2002 dollars.

Rosenquist, Greg; McNeil, Michael; Iyer, Maithili; Meyers, Steve; McMahon, Jim

2004-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

123

Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard < Back Eligibility Investor-Owned Utility Municipal Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Solar Home Weatherization Water Heating & Cooling Heating Water Heating Wind Program Info State North Carolina Program Type Renewables Portfolio Standard Provider North Carolina Utilities Commission North Carolina's Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard (REPS), established by [http://www.ncleg.net/Sessions/2007/Bills/Senate/PDF/S3v6.pdf Senate Bill 3] in August 2007, requires all investor-owned utilities in the state to

124

New Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential Clothes Washers and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential Clothes Washers and New Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential Clothes Washers and Dishwashers to Save Consumers Billions on Energy Bills New Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential Clothes Washers and Dishwashers to Save Consumers Billions on Energy Bills May 16, 2012 - 1:08pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - As part of the Obama Administration's focus on taking sensible steps to save families money while also reducing energy consumption, the Department of Energy today announced common-sense energy efficiency standards for residential clothes washers and dishwashers that will save consumers $20 billion in energy and water costs. The new standards for both clothes washers and dishwashers were informed by important feedback from manufacturers, consumer groups and environmental

125

A Bright Idea: New Efficiency Standards for Incandescent and Fluorescent  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Bright Idea: New Efficiency Standards for Incandescent and A Bright Idea: New Efficiency Standards for Incandescent and Fluorescent Lights A Bright Idea: New Efficiency Standards for Incandescent and Fluorescent Lights July 21, 2009 - 5:18pm Addthis John Lippert Pretty soon, lighting is going to get a lot more efficient. New standards for incandescent reflector bulbs, general purpose fluorescent bulbs, and regular incandescent bulbs are going into effect beginning in approximately three years. You may be curious about how these standards will affect the most popular types of incandescent bulbs we've all used for so long: the common non-reflector 40-watt, 60-watt, 75-watt, and 100-watt bulbs. The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (also known as EISA) requires that these incandescent bulbs use 30% less energy than today's

126

Evaluation of China's local enforcement of energy efficiency standards and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Evaluation of China's local enforcement of energy efficiency standards and Evaluation of China's local enforcement of energy efficiency standards and labeling programs for appliances and equipment Title Evaluation of China's local enforcement of energy efficiency standards and labeling programs for appliances and equipment Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2013 Authors Khanna, Nina Zheng, Nan Zhou, David Fridley, and Cecilia Fino-Chen Journal Energy Policy Date Published 10/2013 Keywords Appliance standards and labeling, compliance, energy efficiency, Low Emission & Efficient Buildings and Equipment Abstract Aims This paper aims to evaluate local enforcement of China's mandatory appliance and equipment energy efficiency standards and labeling programs, two increasingly important policies for meeting national energy and carbon reduction targets. The expected energy savings of efficiency standards and labels can be fully realized only with strong enforcement to ensure compliance for all products sold. This paper provides comprehensive retrospective evaluation of the methodologies, results, progress and remaining challenges in pilot enforcement projects initiated in the absence of consistent national check-testing focused on energy efficiency.

127

Texas-New Mexico Power Company - Nonresidential Energy Efficiency Standard  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Texas-New Mexico Power Company - Nonresidential Energy Efficiency Texas-New Mexico Power Company - Nonresidential Energy Efficiency Standard Offer Program Texas-New Mexico Power Company - Nonresidential Energy Efficiency Standard Offer Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Design & Remodeling Other Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Insulation Program Info State Texas Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Commercial Solutions, SCORE, and CitySmart Peak Energy Reduction Standard Offer: $165/kW Provider Texas New Mexico Power Texas-New Mexico Power's Commercial Solutions Program provides incentives

128

Local Enforcement of Appliance Efficiency Standards and Labeling Program in  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Local Enforcement of Appliance Efficiency Standards and Labeling Program in Local Enforcement of Appliance Efficiency Standards and Labeling Program in China: Progress and Challenges Title Local Enforcement of Appliance Efficiency Standards and Labeling Program in China: Progress and Challenges Publication Type Conference Proceedings Year of Publication 2012 Authors Zheng, Nina, Nan Zhou, Cecilia Fino-Chen, and David Fridley Conference Name 2012 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings Date Published 06/2012 Conference Location Pacific Grove, California, U.S.A. Keywords appliance energy efficiency, china, labeling, local enforcement, standards Abstract As part of its commitment to promoting and improving the local enforcement of appliance energyefficiency standards and labeling, the China National Institute of Standardization launched the Nationaland Local Enforcement of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling program on August 14, 2009. For thisprogram, Jiangsu, Shandong, Sichuan and Shanghai were selected as pilot locations. This paper providesinformation on the local enforcement program's recent background, activities and results as well ascomparison to previous rounds of check-testing in 2006 and 2007. In addition, the paper also offersevaluation on the achievement and weaknesses in the local enforcement scheme and recommendationsbased on international experience.

129

Energy Efficiency Standards for Distribution Transformers: The Importance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Efficiency Standards for Distribution Transformers: The Importance Energy Efficiency Standards for Distribution Transformers: The Importance of the Load Factor Assessment from an Energy Saving Point of View. Speaker(s): Norma Anglani Date: April 10, 2001 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Kristina LaCommare The energy saving assessment for each chosen transformer is a very important issue in the rule-making process, not only because of the obvious environmental consequences but also considering the economic impact of the standards. The life cycle cost equation, which is a keystone feature, is also affected by the correct definition of the savings achieved by improving the efficiency of each class of transformers. Setting up efficiency standards by looking at what is offered in the current distribution transformers market doesn't necessarily entail an improvement

130

New Efficiency Standards Mean Big Energy Savings for Consumers...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Since 2009, we've issued nearly 40 common-sense energy efficiency standards for appliances -- which will save consumers nearly 350 billion on their energy bills through 2030,...

131

Global Potential of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Monterrey, Mexico." Energy 20 (2). GfK (2005). OverviewGuadalajara and Monterrey, Mexico." Energy 20(2). Gadgil, A.Energy Efficiency Standards analyzed in a recent study by CLASP-LBNL. Mexico

McNeil, Michael A

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Building Technologies Office: Standard Energy Efficiency Data Platform  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Standard Energy Efficiency Data Platform Standard Energy Efficiency Data Platform The Standard Energy Efficiency Data (SEED) platform is a software tool that provides a standardized format for collecting, storing and analyzing building energy performance information about large portfolios. The platform provides an easy, flexible, and cost effective method to analyze data about large portfolios of buildings and demonstrate the economic and environmental benefits of energy efficiency. State and local governments and building portfolio owners can use SEED to: Establish their own secure, cloud-based data repository. Import data automatically from EPA's Portfolio Manager and merge that with other existing datasets such as property records and energy audits. Create custom search and reporting capabilities, such as compliance monitoring or performance analysis.

133

HPGe Detector Efficiency Calibration Using HEU Standards  

SciTech Connect

The Analytical Development Section of SRTC was requested by the Facilities Disposition Division (FDD) to determine the holdup of enriched uranium in the 321-M facility as part of an overall deactivation project of the facility. The 321-M facility was used to fabricate enriched uranium fuel assemblies, lithium-aluminum target tubes, neptunium assemblies, and miscellaneous components for the production reactors. The facility also includes the 324-M storage building and the passageway connecting it to 321-M. The results of the holdup assays are essential for determining compliance with the Solid Waste's Waste Acceptance Criteria, Material Control and Accountability, and to meet criticality safety controls. Two measurement systems will be used to determine highly enriched uranium (HEU) holdup: One is a portable HPGe detector and EG and G Dart system that contains high voltage power supply and signal processing electronics. A personal computer with Gamma-Vision software was used to provide an MCA card, and space to store and manipulate multiple 4096-channel g-ray spectra. The other is a 2 inches x 2 inches NaI crystal with an MCA that uses a portable computer with a Canberra NaI plus card installed. This card converts the PC to a full function MCA and contains the ancillary electronics, high voltage power supply and amplifier, required for data acquisition. This report describes and documents the HPGe point, line, area, and constant geometry-constant transmission detector efficiency calibrations acquired and calculated for use in conducting holdup measurements as part of the overall deactivation project of building 321-M.

Salaymeh, S.R.

2000-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

134

Upping Efficiency Standards, Lowering Utility Bills | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Upping Efficiency Standards, Lowering Utility Bills Upping Efficiency Standards, Lowering Utility Bills Upping Efficiency Standards, Lowering Utility Bills September 2, 2010 - 4:17pm Addthis Niketa Kumar Niketa Kumar Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? Using energy-efficient appliances is one of the easiest and most important ways consumers have to save money. Purchasing energy-efficient appliances is one of the easiest and most important ways consumers have to save money, reduce their electricity consumption and help cut down on carbon pollution. We use appliances every day - to cook our food, cool our homes, heat our water and clean our clothes. In fact, for a typical U.S. family, heating and cooling and water heating account for about 50 percent of utility bills. Home appliances and

135

Upping Efficiency Standards, Lowering Utility Bills | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Upping Efficiency Standards, Lowering Utility Bills Upping Efficiency Standards, Lowering Utility Bills Upping Efficiency Standards, Lowering Utility Bills September 2, 2010 - 4:17pm Addthis Niketa Kumar Niketa Kumar Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? Using energy-efficient appliances is one of the easiest and most important ways consumers have to save money. Purchasing energy-efficient appliances is one of the easiest and most important ways consumers have to save money, reduce their electricity consumption and help cut down on carbon pollution. We use appliances every day - to cook our food, cool our homes, heat our water and clean our clothes. In fact, for a typical U.S. family, heating and cooling and water heating account for about 50 percent of utility bills. Home appliances and

136

International Review of the Development and Implementation of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at the Asian Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling Forum.Efficiency Labels and Standards: A Guidebook for Appliances,Labeling and Appliance Standards Program (CLASP). Wilkenfeld

Zhou, Nan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Realized and Projected Impacts of U.S. Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential and Commercial Appliances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1989). Lamp Efficiency Standards for Massachusetts: AnalysisDocuments for DOE Energy Efficiency Standards 1. U.S.Office of Codes and Standards, Technical Support Document:

Meyers, Stephen P.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Energy Efficiency Standards and Labels in North America: Opportunities for Harmonization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Efficiency Labels and Standards: A Guidebook for Appliances,Labeling and Appliance Standards Program (CLASP). Availableof energy efficiency test standards and regulations in APEC

Wiel, Stephen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Evaluation of Local Enforcement of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Evaluation of Local Enforcement of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling Evaluation of Local Enforcement of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling Program in China Title Evaluation of Local Enforcement of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling Program in China Publication Type Conference Proceedings Year of Publication 2012 Authors Zheng, Nina, Nan Zhou, Cecilia Fino-Chen, and David Fridley Conference Name International Energy Program Evaluation Conference Date Published 06/2012 Conference Location Rome, Italy Keywords china, china energy, china energy group, energy analysis and environmental impacts department, energy efficiency, local enforcement, policy studies, standards & labeling programs Abstract As part of China's commitment to promoting and improving the local enforcement of appliance energyefficiency standards and labeling, the China National Institute of Standardization launched a localenforcement of efficiency standards and labeling project on August 14, 2009. For this project, Jiangsu,Shandong, Sichuan and Shanghai were selected as pilot locations. This paper provides information onthe local enforcement project's recent background, activities and results as well as comparison toprevious rounds of check-testing in 2006 and 2007. In addition, the paper also offers evaluation on theachievement and weaknesses in the local enforcement scheme and recommendations based oninternational experience.

140

An Overview of the New Residential Water Heater Efficiency Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

An Overview of the New Residential Water Heater Efficiency Standards An Overview of the New Residential Water Heater Efficiency Standards Speaker(s): Alex Lekov Date: April 26, 2010 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 DOE issued new standards for residential water heaters last month that will save an estimated 2.6 quads of energy over 30 years. For most product sizes sold, the new standards can be met with modest changes, such as adding more insulation to today's conventional tank-style water heaters. For the most common size electric water heater (50 gallons), the standards will save 4 percent, while for the most common size gas water heater (40 gallons), the new standards will save 3 percent. However, for the biggest products (those with over 55 gallons in storage capacity, which is about 9% and 4% of the electric and gas storage water heater markets, respectively), the new

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mortgages efficiency standards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Energy Efficiency Standards and Labels in North America: Opportunities for Harmonization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Equipment Energy Efficiency Committee. Available fromE. McMahon. 2001. Energy-Efficiency Labels and Standards: ALloyd. 1999. Review of energy efficiency test standards and

Wiel, Stephen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Clothes washer standards in China -- The problem of water and energy trade-offs in establishing efficiency standards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

China clothes washer standard, April 9, 2003 Jiang Lin.2003c. Appliance Standards and National Labeling Program. Efficiency Potential of Standards and Labeling in China .

Biermayer, Peter J.; Lin, Jiang

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Effect of Energy Efficiency Standards on Natural Gas Prices  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Efficiency Standards on Natural Gas Prices Energy Efficiency Standards on Natural Gas Prices Title Effect of Energy Efficiency Standards on Natural Gas Prices Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-4994E Year of Publication 2011 Authors Carnall, Michael, Larry L. Dale, and Alexander B. Lekov Subsidiary Authors Energy Analysis Department Document Number LBNL-4994E Pagination 37 Date Published July 1 Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory City Berkeley ISBN Number LBNL-4994E Abstract Requiring home appliances to meet fuel efficiency standards can reduce the fuel usage, fuel price, and the life-cycle cost of these appliances (Meyers 2005). Although this seems to be an unambiguous benefit to society, it is sometimes asserted, among other things, that the reduction in consumers' expenditures is obtained at the cost of reductions in the profit of fuel producers and owners of mineral rights and is thus a transfer from one sector of the economy to another, rather than a net benefit to society as a whole (Wiser 2005). In an attempt to resolve this question, we estimate the magnitude of the effects of a standard on the primary sectors affected by the standard and determine how much of the benefits are transfers from other sectors.

144

State options in lighting: efficiency standards for existing public buildings  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses requirements and options for state lighting-efficiency standards for existing public buildings under the Energy Policy and Conservation Act. EPCA, as implemented under present regulations, is found to allow great flexibility to the states in what they adopt, so long as they do adopt some standard. A wide variety of substantive standards is described, and it is recommended that states adopt a standard based on a maximum-lighting power budget with cost-effectiveness criteria. Several options for adoption and enforcement of standards are discussed. It is recommended that states adopt a requirement that owners of all public buildings submit reports of lighting energy audits and estimates of energy savings from modifications to comply with substantive standards. It is further recommended that while filing of reports should be mandatory, substantive compliance, at least initially, need not be; if it turns out that voluntary compliance is not great enought to achieve a state's desired energy savings, compliance could then be made mandatory. It is recommended that exemptions from the standards be limited to small buildings and that variances under a mandatory standard be available only when an applicant can show insufficient capital to make required modifications, even though they would soon pay for themselves in reduced operating costs. It is suggested that a lighting standard of the kind recommended could substantially reduce wasted energy in lighting, be simple enough to be easily understood and applied, be technically and economically reasonable, and allow for needed exemptions without loopholes.

Meeker, F.

1979-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

International Comparative Analysis of Appliance Efficiency Standards &  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

International Comparative Analysis of Appliance Efficiency Standards & International Comparative Analysis of Appliance Efficiency Standards & Labeling Programs: Implications for China Title International Comparative Analysis of Appliance Efficiency Standards & Labeling Programs: Implications for China Publication Type Conference Proceedings Year of Publication 2012 Authors Zhou, Nan, Nina Zheng, David Fridley, and John Romankiewicz Conference Name ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings Date Published 06/2012 Publisher American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy Keywords appliance, china, china energy, china energy group, energy analysis and environmental impacts department, energy efficiency, policy studies, standards and labeling program Abstract As a growing consumer of household appliances, lighting and electronic products, China has seen a steady rise in residential electricity use with 13% average annual growth since the 1980s. Over the last twenty years, China has implemented a series of new minimum energy performance standards (MEPS) and mandatory and voluntary energy labels to improve appliance energy efficiency. As China begins planning for the next phase of standards and labeling (S&L) program development under the 12th Five Year Plan, an evaluation of recent program developments and future directions is undertaken by drawing upon the experiences and lessons learned of key international S&L program development. Specifically, this study provides in-depth review and comparative analysis of the development and recent advancements in the U.S. MEPS and Energy Star, Australia MEPS and Energy Label, European Union MEPS and Eco-Design Label and Japanese Top Runner programs with China's S&L program. The international comparative analysis focuses on key elements of S&L development including stakeholder participation, program resources, data collection and availability, analytical methods, as well as program implementation and enforcement mechanisms. This study finds that adequate program resources from national and local levels, wide-ranging stakeholder participation, incorporation of various technical and economic analyses in standards development, and program impact evaluations are key features of successful S&L programs and have room for improvement in China. At the same time, however, China has become more proactive than some international programs in areas such as launching check-testing, laboratory round-robin testing and compliance verification for S&L programs.

146

Trends in Industrial Energy Efficiency: The Role of Standards,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trends in Industrial Energy Efficiency: The Role of Standards, Trends in Industrial Energy Efficiency: The Role of Standards, Certification, and Energy Management in Climate Change Mitigation Speaker(s): Aimee McKane Date: March 18, 2008 - 12:30pm Location: 90-3122 The industrial sector represents more than one third of both global primary energy use and energy-related carbon dioxide emissions. In developing countries, the portion of the energy supply consumed by the industrial sector is frequently in excess of 50% and can create tension between economic development goals and a constrained energy supply. Further, countries with an emerging and rapidly expanding industrial infrastructure have a particular opportunity to increase their competitiveness by applying energy-efficient best practices from the outset in new industrial

147

A close look at the China design standard for energy efficiency...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

close look at the China design standard for energy efficiency of public buildings Title A close look at the China design standard for energy efficiency of public buildings...

148

Energy-Efficiency Labels and Standards: A Guidebook for Appliances, Equipment, and Lighting - 2nd Edition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

J. 1996. Energy Labeling, Standards and Building Codes: Aof National Energy-Efficiency Standards for Refrigerators.2000. Energy Labels and Standards, IEA/OECD, Paris, France.

Wiel, Stephen; McMahon, James E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Energy efficiency standards for residential and commercial equipment: Additional  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

207 207 Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential and Commercial Equipment: Additional Opportunities Greg Rosenquist, Michael McNeil, Maithili Iyer, Steve Meyers, and Jim McMahon Environmental Energy Technologies Division Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory University of California Berkeley, CA 94720 September 2004 This work was supported by the National Commission on Energy Policy through the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC03-76SF00098. Table of Contents 1. Introduction........................................................................1 2. Products Considered..............................................................2 3. Technology Cost-Efficiency Analysis...........................................3

150

Japan's Residential Energy Demand Outlook to 2030 Considering Energy Efficiency Standards "Top-Runner Approach"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New challenges of Japanese energy efficiency program by Topto 2030 Considering Energy Efficiency Standards Top-Runnerof Energy for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy,

Komiyama, Ryoichi

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Energy-Efficiency Labels and Standards: A Guidebook for Appliances, Equipment, and Lighting - 2nd Edition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Role of Building Energy Efficiency in Managing AtmosphericConference on Energy Efficiency in Domestic Appliances andAnalysis of National Energy-Efficiency Standards for

Wiel, Stephen; McMahon, James E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

CANCELED: Trends in Industrial Energy Efficiency - the Role of Standards,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CANCELED: Trends in Industrial Energy Efficiency - the Role of Standards, CANCELED: Trends in Industrial Energy Efficiency - the Role of Standards, Certification, and Energy Management in Climate Change Mitigation Speaker(s): Aimee McKane Date: January 31, 2008 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 THIS SEMINAR HAS BEEN CANCELED. WE MAY RESCHEDULE IT SOON. The industrial sector represents more than one third of both global primary energy use and energy-related carbon dioxide emissions. In developing countries, the portion of the energy supply consumed by the industrial sector is frequently in excess of 50% and can create tension between economic development goals and a constrained energy supply. Further, countries with an emerging and rapidly expanding industrial infrastructure have a particular opportunity to increase their competitiveness by applying

153

Global Potential of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling Programs  

SciTech Connect

This report estimates the global potential reductions in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 for energy efficiency improvements associated with equipment (appliances, lighting, and HVAC) in buildings by means of energy efficiency standards and labels (EES&L). A consensus has emerged among the world's scientists and many corporate and political leaders regarding the need to address the threat of climate change through emissions mitigation and adaptation. A further consensus has emerged that a central component of these strategies must be focused around energy, which is the primary generator of greenhouse gas emissions. Two important questions result from this consensus: 'what kinds of policies encourage the appropriate transformation to energy efficiency' and 'how much impact can these policies have'? This report aims to contribute to the dialogue surrounding these issues by considering the potential impacts of a single policy type, applied on a global scale. The policy addressed in this report is Energy Efficient Standards and Labeling (EES&L) for energy-consuming equipment, which has now been implemented in over 60 countries. Mandatory energy performance standards are important because they contribute positively to a nation's economy and provide relative certainty about the outcome (both timing and magnitudes). Labels also contribute positively to a nation's economy and importantly increase the awareness of the energy-consuming public. Other policies not analyzed here (utility incentives, tax credits) are complimentary to standards and labels and also contribute in significant ways to reducing greenhouse gas emissions. We believe the analysis reported here to be the first systematic attempt to evaluate the potential of savings from EES&L for all countries and for such a large set of products. The goal of the analysis is to provide an assessment that is sufficiently well-quantified and accurate to allow comparison and integration with other strategies under consideration.

McNeil, Michael A; McNeil, Michael A.; Letschert, Virginie; de la Rue du Can, Stephane

2008-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

154

Global Potential of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling Programs  

SciTech Connect

This report estimates the global potential reductions in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 for energy efficiency improvements associated with equipment (appliances, lighting, and HVAC) in buildings by means of energy efficiency standards and labels (EES&L). A consensus has emerged among the world's scientists and many corporate and political leaders regarding the need to address the threat of climate change through emissions mitigation and adaptation. A further consensus has emerged that a central component of these strategies must be focused around energy, which is the primary generator of greenhouse gas emissions. Two important questions result from this consensus: 'what kinds of policies encourage the appropriate transformation to energy efficiency' and 'how much impact can these policies have'? This report aims to contribute to the dialogue surrounding these issues by considering the potential impacts of a single policy type, applied on a global scale. The policy addressed in this report is Energy Efficient Standards and Labeling (EES&L) for energy-consuming equipment, which has now been implemented in over 60 countries. Mandatory energy performance standards are important because they contribute positively to a nation's economy and provide relative certainty about the outcome (both timing and magnitudes). Labels also contribute positively to a nation's economy and importantly increase the awareness of the energy-consuming public. Other policies not analyzed here (utility incentives, tax credits) are complimentary to standards and labels and also contribute in significant ways to reducing greenhouse gas emissions. We believe the analysis reported here to be the first systematic attempt to evaluate the potential of savings from EES&L for all countries and for such a large set of products. The goal of the analysis is to provide an assessment that is sufficiently well-quantified and accurate to allow comparison and integration with other strategies under consideration.

McNeil, Michael A; McNeil, Michael A.; Letschert, Virginie; de la Rue du Can, Stephane

2008-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

155

Efficiency of appliance models on the market before and after DOE standards  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy efficiency standards for appliances mandate that appliance manufacturers not manufacture or import models that have a test energy efficiency below a specified level after the standard effective date. Thus, appliance standards set a floor for energy efficiency. But do they also induce more significant changes in the efficiencies that manufacturers offer after the standard becomes effective? To address this question, we undertook an examination of before-standard and after-standard efficiency of models on the market for three products: (1) Refrigerators (1990, 1993, and 2001 standards); (2) Room air conditioners (1990 and 2000 standards); and (3) Gas furnaces (1992 standard).

Meyers, Stephen

2004-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

156

Effect of Energy Efficiency Standards on Natural Gas Prices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A primary justification for the establishment of energy efficiency standards for home appliances is the existence of information deficiencies and externalities in the market for appliances. For example, when a long-term homeowner purchases a new gas-fired water heater, she will maximize the value of her purchase by comparing the life-cycle cost of ownership of available units, including both total installed cost - purchase price plus installation costs - and operating cost in the calculus. Choice of the appliance with the lowest life-cycle costs leads to the most economically efficient balance between capital cost and fuel cost. However, if the purchaser's expected period of ownership is shorter than the useful life of the appliance, or the purchaser does not pay for the fuel used by the appliance, as is often the case with rental property, fuel cost will be external to her costs, biasing her decision toward spending less on fuel efficiency and resulting in the purchase of an appliance with greater than optimal fuel usage. By imposing an efficiency standard on appliances, less efficient appliances are made unavailable, precluding less efficient purchases and reducing fuel usage. The reduction in fuel demanded by residential users affects the total demand for such fuels as natural gas, for example. Reduced demand implies that residential customers are willing to purchase less gas at each price level. That is, the demand curve, labeled D{sub 0} in Figure 1, shifts to the left to D{sub 1}. If there is no change in the supply function, the supply curve will intersect the demand curve at a lower price. Residential demand is only one component of the total demand for natural gas. It is possible that total demand will decline very little if demand in other sectors increases substantially in response to a decline in the price. If demand does decrease, modeling studies generally confirm the intuition that reductions in demand for natural gas will result in reductions in its price as seen at the wellhead (Wiser 2007). The magnitude of the effect on price relative to the demand reduction, and the mechanism through which it occurs, is less well established. This report attempts to quantify the potential effects of reduced demand for natural gas in the residential sector, in response to the implementation of an energy efficiency standard for water heaters.

Carnall, Michael; Dale, Larry; Lekov, Alex

2011-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

157

Predicting delinquency in mortgage payments : the roles of race and mortgage terms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

rates, interest rates that increase over time, and mortgagesinterest rates and interest rates that increase over time inindices, and increases in mortgage rates were significantly

Russell, Elizabeth Eugenie

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Energy Efficiency and Commercial-Mortgage Valuation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that benchmarks for the energy consumption of o?ce buildingswe benchmark the existing energy e?ciency of buildings byto benchmark commercial o?ce buildings in california, Energy

Jaffee, Dwight; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Energy Efficiency and Commercial-Mortgage Valuation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

costs on building transactions prices per square foot. Ascosts of both natural gas and electricity consumption per square footcost at origination and other non-energy expenses per square foot

Jaffee, Dwight; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Energy Efficiency and Commercial-Mortgage Valuation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

R 2 N = 1,390 Palo Verde Hub PJM Western South Path 15 NorthHub North Path 15 Palo Verde PJM Western South Path 15 ? e ?Dec/08 IntoEntergy Mid?Col PJMWest Sep/08 Jan/10 May/10

Jaffee, Dwight; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mortgages efficiency standards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Energy Efficiency and Commercial-Mortgage Valuation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of electricity and natural gas prices are important forand electricity and natural gas prices. Section 3 provideselectricity prices, natural gas prices, and o?ce market

Jaffee, Dwight; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Energy Efficiency and Commercial-Mortgage Valuation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy markets are regulated and most buildings do not pay the wholesale prices for power and natural gas, there is an expanding trend

Jaffee, Dwight; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Bank Regulation and Mortgage Market Reform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Americas Housing Finance Market: A Report To Congress,Subordinated Debt: A Capital Markets Approach to BankBank Regulation and Mortgage Market Reform Dwight M. Jaffee

Jaffee, Dwight M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Building Energy Efficiency Standards in Hong Kong and Mainland China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper investigates building energy efficiency standards in Hong Kong and mainland China. Building energy regulations are placed in the context of broad trends in energy supply and demand, and of energy policy. The paper offers an overview of the requirements of specific energy-efficiency laws and codes for buildings, and discusses how these requirements affect building design. While its fundamental economic policy approach emphasizes free markets and minimum government intervention, Hong Kong has developed building energy codes for commercial and other buildings largely in response to the energy and environmental concerns. Mandatory code for building envelope was enforced since 1995; energy codes for building services were developed and implemented on a voluntary basis in recent years. Performance-based compliance options and better integration of the codes are needed for future development.

Sam C. M. Hui; Grove California

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Variability of consumer impacts from energy efficiency standards  

SciTech Connect

A typical prospective analysis of the expected impact of energy efficiency standards on consumers is based on average economic conditions (e.g., energy price) and operating characteristics. In fact, different consumers face different economic conditions and exhibit different behaviors when using an appliance. A method has been developed to characterize the variability among individual households and to calculate the life-cycle cost of appliances taking into account those differences. Using survey data, this method is applied to a distribution of consumers representing the U.S. Examples of clothes washer standards are shown for which 70-90% of the population benefit, compared to 10-30% who are expected to bear increased costs due to new standards. In some cases, sufficient data exist to distinguish among demographic subgroups (for example, low income or elderly households) who are impacted differently from the general population. Rank order correlations between the sampled input distributions and the sampled output distributions are calculated to determine which variability inputs are main factors. This ''importance analysis'' identifies the key drivers contributing to the range of results. Conversely, the importance analysis identifies variables that, while uncertain, make so little difference as to be irrelevant in deciding a particular policy. Examples will be given from analysis of water heaters to illustrate the dominance of the policy implications by a few key variables.

McMahon, James E.; Liu, Xiaomin

2000-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

166

Consumer Life-Cycle Cost Impacts of Energy-Efficiency Standards...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

by increased standards. Relative to the existing minimum efficiency standard of 10 SEER, the results show that a majority of split system air conditioner and heat pump...

167

Realized and prospective impacts of U.S. energy efficiency standards for residential appliances: 2004 update  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Due to Appliance Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30McMahon (1997). "Effects of Appliance Standards on ProductS. (2004). Efficiency of Appliance Models on the Market

Meyers, Stephen; McMahon, James; McNeil, Michael

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Energy-efficiency labels and standards: A guidebook for appliances, equipment and lighting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

D.C. Ginthum, M. 1995. Appliance. September. Greening, L. ,Projected Regional Impacts of Appliance Efficiency StandardsSpecial Issue Devoted to Appliance and Lighting Standards.

McMahon, James E.; Wiel, Stephen

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Energy Efficiency Design Standards for New Federal Commercial...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

residential buildings. This rule updates the baseline federal commercial standard to ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2010, effective September 9, 2013. The scope of the new standard...

170

Efficiency of appliance models on the market before and after DOE standards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL-55509 Efficiency of Appliance Models on the MarketEnergy efficiency standards for appliances mandatethat appliance manufacturers not manufacture or import

Meyers, Stephen

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Energy efficiency standards for residential and commercial equipment: Additional opportunities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. 2000. Screeningof Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. 2000. Screeningof Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. 2000. Screening

Rosenquist, Greg; McNeil, Michael; Iyer, Maithili; Meyers, Steve; McMahon, Jim

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Energy efficiency standards for residential and commercial equipment: Additional opportunities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. 2000. Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. 2000. Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. 2000.

Rosenquist, Greg; McNeil, Michael; Iyer, Maithili; Meyers, Steve; McMahon, Jim

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

The delivery option in mortgage backed security valuation simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A delivery option exists in mortgage-backed security market, which has not been considered in existing mortgage pricing simulation literature. We explain the delivery option in the "To Be Announced" trade. We discuss how the presence of the delivery ...

Scott Gregory Chastain; Jian Chen

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Energy-Efficiency Labels and Standards: A Guidebook for Appliances, Equipment, and Lighting - 2nd Edition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CFL) manufacturing facilities or basic health and educational services. 2.2.2 Labels and Standards Enhance National Economic Efficiency

Wiel, Stephen; McMahon, James E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Global Potential of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

T5 Incandescent CFL Halogen Other Total Equipment EfficiencyCFL replacement for incandescent bulbs, and high-efficiency

McNeil, Michael A

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Does property market risks matter in commercial mortgage loan pricing : an inquiry into the determinants of commercial mortgage loan spread  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The study takes a quantitative approach to test the determinants of commercial mortgage loan pricing at origination. The determinants include capital market risk, property market risks, mortgage terms and property ...

Wang, Xin, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Fuel economy standards have affected vehicle efficiency - Today in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Wind Geothermal ... were given the opportunity to comply with fleet-based standards or standards based on their sales-weighted "footprint ... CO2 (carbon ...

178

Evaluation of energy efficiency standards for residential clothes...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

heat pump clothes dryers would be cost-effective for nearly one fifth of US households. However, for both electric standard and gas clothes dryers, standards that improve...

179

Energy efficiency standards for residential and commercial equipment: Additional opportunities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Savings in the Residential and Commercial Sectors with High Efficiency Electric Motors. Savings in the Residential and Commercial Sectors with High Efficiency Electric Motors. Savings in the Residential and Commercial Sectors with High Efficiency Electric Motors.

Rosenquist, Greg; McNeil, Michael; Iyer, Maithili; Meyers, Steve; McMahon, Jim

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Global Potential of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

et al. (2006). Energy Consumption, Efficiency, Conservation,et al. (2006). Energy Consumption, Efficiency, Conservation,USDOE (2001). Residential Energy Consumption Survey. Energy

McNeil, Michael A

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mortgages efficiency standards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

EA-1872: Energy Efficiency and Sustainable Design Standards for...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Federal Commercial and High-Rise Multi-Family Residential Buildings," to replace ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2004 with the more stringent ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2007, incorporated by...

182

EA-1918: Final Rule, 10 CFR 433, "Energy Efficiency Standards...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

standard to the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-n Engineers (ASHRAE) Standard 90.1-2010. The Final Rule was published in the Federal Register on July 9,...

183

Effect of Energy Efficiency Standards on Natural Gas Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Conservation on the Natural Gas Price,? memo to RichardStandards on Natural Gas Prices Michael Carnall, Larry Dale,Standards on Natural Gas Prices Michael Carnall, Larry Dale,

Carnall, Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Energy efficiency standards for residential and commercial equipment: Additional opportunities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cost of technologies providing higher energy efficiencycost of technologies providing higher energy efficiencydetermining energy cost savings associated with efficiency

Rosenquist, Greg; McNeil, Michael; Iyer, Maithili; Meyers, Steve; McMahon, Jim

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Energy Efficiency Product Standards (New Jersey) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Public Utilities and the Commissioner of Environmental Protection Review Not specified Test Methods Standard New Jersey building code or United States Department of Energy...

186

City of Asheville - Efficiency Standards for City Buildings ...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

must achieve LEED "Silver" standard Website http:www.ashevillenc.govDepartmentsSustainability.aspx Date added to DSIRE 2007-04-26 Last DSIRE Review 01092013 Last Substantive...

187

Energy Efficiency and Green Building Standards for State Buildings...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

State Buildings Incentive Type Energy Standards for Public Buildings Applicable Sector State Government Eligible Technologies Comprehensive MeasuresWhole Building, Biomass,...

188

Global Potential of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Impacts of Chinas Current Appliance Standards and Labelingsales and trends for main appliances in year 2004. Tallinnfor Residential Appliances." Energy 8 (28). Murakami, S. ,

McNeil, Michael A

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Fuel economy standards have affected vehicle efficiency - Today in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

This new footprint standard required that all vehicle manufacturers improve their fuel economy at a similar rate, regardless of the types and sizes of vehicles sold.

190

The DOE Efficiency Standards Stakeholder Process: An Approach...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

According to the US Department of Energy, Office of Codes and Standards, "U.S. homeowners spend 110 billion each year to power such home appliances as refrigerators,...

191

New Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens to Save Consumers...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - U.S. Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz announced today that the Energy Department has finalized new energy efficiency...

192

Energy efficiency standards for residential and commercial equipment: Additional opportunities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

washer Dishwashing Dishwasher Lighting Torchiere Spacea higher-efficiency dishwasher. ** This category does notPool pump Ceiling fan Dishwasher Torchiere Refrigerator Room

Rosenquist, Greg; McNeil, Michael; Iyer, Maithili; Meyers, Steve; McMahon, Jim

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Realized and Projected Impacts of U.S. Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential and Commercial Appliances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Renewable Energy, Building Technologies, U.S. DepartmentProspective Impacts of U.S. Energy Efficiency Standards for2. US Residential and Commercial Primary Energy Consumption

Meyers, Stephen P.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

EA-1871: 10 CFR 433, Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

impacts of revising the Federal building energy efficiency standards to the ASHRAE 90.1-2007 and IECC 2009. Public Comment Opportunities No public comment opportunities...

195

Energy-Efficiency Labels and Standards: A Guidebook for Appliances, Equipment, and Lighting - 2nd Edition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

represent 10-25% of the energy market in industrial,Accessing Overseas Markets: Energy Efficiency Standards andLabels Affect the Market Energy labels affect stakeholders

Wiel, Stephen; McMahon, James E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

How to Make Appliance Standards Work: Improving Energy and Water Efficiency Test Procedures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

test procedures for appliances. Energy and BuildingsEnergy Efficiency In Domestic Appliances And Lighting 4thLBNL # How to Make Appliance Standards Work: Improving

Lutz, Jim

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Projected Regional Impacts of Appliance Efficiency Standards for the U.S. Residential Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AC03-76SF00098. REFERENCES Appliance Manufacturer Magazine.1995. "Shipments". In Appliance Manufacturer Magazine.Efficiency Standards for Appliances". Energy in Buildings,

Koomey, J.G.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Estimate of Technical Potential for Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards in 13 Major World Economies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mexico minimum efficiency performance standard million tons (of CO 2 ) national energyand Mexico, produces the largest savings of all the end uses: 780 TWh. The baseline energy

Letschert, Virginie

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Potential Impact of Adopting Maximum Technologies as Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards in the U.S. Residential Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

buildings/appliance_standards/residential/cac_heatp umps_buildings/appliance_standards/residential/fb_tsd_09 07.htmlof Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling Programs, LBNL

Letschert, Virginie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Financial Impact of Energy Efficiency under a Federal Renewable Electricity Standard: Case Study of a Kansas "super-utility"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

standards and cost-effective energy-efficiency investment.acquisition of cost-effective energy efficiency resources asbenefits and costs of energy efficiency that are reflected

Cappers, Peter

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mortgages efficiency standards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

National Energy Efficiency Evaluation, Measurement and Verification (EM&V) Standard: Scoping Study of Issues and Implementation Requirements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Actuarial Pricing Of Energy Efficiency Projects: Lessonsand Effectiveness of Energy Efficiency Programs, LBNL-ACEEE 2010. State Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (

Schiller, Steven R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Analysis of Efficiency Standards for Air Conditioners, Air ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Federal agencies to select ENERGY STAR and ... analyze the proposed air conditioner and heat pump standards, a new baseline ... square foot office building 0.4 to 0.8 ...

203

A Bright Idea: New Efficiency Standards for Incandescent and...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

out" of less-efficient bulbs will begin with 100 watt bulbs in 2012; lesser wattage light bulbs will then be gradually removed from distribution, ending with noncompliant 40...

204

Financial Impact of Energy Efficiency under a Federal Renewable Electricity Standard: Case Study of a Kansas "super-utility"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

efficiency into a sustainable energy portfolio standard. Theperspective. Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews 13:100-

Cappers, Peter

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

EIA Energy Efficiency-Appliance Standards and Labeling Links  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Appliance Standards & Labeling Appliance Standards & Labeling Appliance Standards and Labeling Related Links Page Last Modified: August 2010 EIA Links Disclaimer: These pages contain hypertext links to information created and maintained by other public and private organizations. These links provide additional information that may be useful or interesting and are being provided consistent with the intended purpose of the EIA website. EIA does not control or guarantee the accuracy, relevance, timeliness, or completeness of this outside information. EIA does not endorse the organizations sponsoring linked websites, the views they express, or the products and services they offer. Government Agencies U.S. Department of Energy Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products, test procedures and certification and enforcement requirements for plumbing products; and certification and enforcement requirements for residential appliances; final rule

206

Efficient signatures of knowledge and DAA in the standard model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Direct Anonymous Attestation (DAA) is one of the most complex cryptographic protocols deployed in practice. It allows an embedded secure processor known as a Trusted Platform Module (TPM) to attest to the configuration of its host computer without violating ... Keywords: DAA, group signatures, signatures of knowledge, standard model

David Bernhard, Georg Fuchsbauer, Essam Ghadafi

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Calif~rnia Energy Commission ENERGY EFFICIENCY STANDARDS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Building Code by the State Building Standards Commission, whichever is later. Sections applying to new-5816 2-5317 2-5317 2-5318 2-5319 Title Installation of Certified Insulation Material Piping Insulation Installation of Additional Insulation Installation of Appliances and Equipment HVAC Controls Ventilation

208

Global Potential of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

consumption of residential electricity to that year andyear (Bertoldi and Atanasiu 2006), representing about 8.5 % of the total non-domestic electricity consumption.years later, standards on these products alone were estimated to have reduced annual national electricity consumption

McNeil, Michael A

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

New Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens to Save Consumers on  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens to Save Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens to Save Consumers on Energy Bills New Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens to Save Consumers on Energy Bills May 31, 2013 - 3:26pm Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - U.S. Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz announced today that the Energy Department has finalized new energy efficiency standards for microwave ovens that will save consumers nearly $3 billion on their energy bills through 2030. Over the next 30 years, it will dramatically reduce harmful carbon pollution, equivalent to taking over 12 million new cars off the road for one year. "Appliance efficiency standards represent a huge opportunity to help families save money by saving energy, while still delivering high quality

210

EA-1871: 10 CFR 433, Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Commercial  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1: 10 CFR 433, Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal 1: 10 CFR 433, Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Commercial and High-Rise Multi-Family Residential Buildings and 10 CFR 435, Energy Eff. Stds. For New Federal Residential Low-Rise Residential Buildings EA-1871: 10 CFR 433, Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Commercial and High-Rise Multi-Family Residential Buildings and 10 CFR 435, Energy Eff. Stds. For New Federal Residential Low-Rise Residential Buildings Summary This EA evaluates the potential environmental impacts of revising the Federal building energy efficiency standards to the ASHRAE 90.1-2007 and IECC 2009. Public Comment Opportunities No public comment opportunities available at this time. Documents Available for Download July 13, 2011 EA-1871: Finding of No Significant Impact Energy Efficiency Design Standards for New Federal Commercial and

211

EA-1918: Final Rule, 10 CFR 433, "Energy Efficiency Standards for New  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

18: Final Rule, 10 CFR 433, "Energy Efficiency Standards for 18: Final Rule, 10 CFR 433, "Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Commercial and MultiFamily High-Rise Residential Buildings" RIN 1904-AC60 EA-1918: Final Rule, 10 CFR 433, "Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Commercial and MultiFamily High-Rise Residential Buildings" RIN 1904-AC60 SUMMARY This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of implementing provisions in the Energy Conservation and Production Act (ECPA) that require DOE to update the baseline Federal energy efficiency performance standards for the construction of new Federal buildings, including commercial and multi-family high-rise residential buildings. This EA addresses Federal commercial standard to the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-n Engineers (ASHRAE) Standard 90.1-2010. The Final Rule was published

212

EA-1918: Final Rule, 10 CFR 433, "Energy Efficiency Standards for New  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EA-1918: Final Rule, 10 CFR 433, "Energy Efficiency Standards for EA-1918: Final Rule, 10 CFR 433, "Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Commercial and MultiFamily High-Rise Residential Buildings" RIN 1904-AC60 EA-1918: Final Rule, 10 CFR 433, "Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Commercial and MultiFamily High-Rise Residential Buildings" RIN 1904-AC60 SUMMARY This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of implementing provisions in the Energy Conservation and Production Act (ECPA) that require DOE to update the baseline Federal energy efficiency performance standards for the construction of new Federal buildings, including commercial and multi-family high-rise residential buildings. This EA addresses Federal commercial standard to the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-n Engineers (ASHRAE) Standard 90.1-2010. The Final Rule was published

213

Energy efficiency standards for eight consumer products: public meeting clarification, questions and answers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Eighteen corporations and manufacturers provided answers to many questions posed at a public meeting on energy efficiency standards for eight consumer products. Questions on the regulations concerning the manufacturing standards, performance standards, and testing standards are included. Questions were posed about air conditioners, refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, stoves (ranges), ovens, clothes dryers, oil fired burners, water heaters, furnaces, etc. A presentation containing information pertaining to the values of average annual energy consumption per unit used by DOE in its analysis leading to proposed energy efficiency standards for nine types of consumer products is included. (MCW)

Not Available

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Low-Rise Residential Buildings  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Standards for New Federal Low-Rise Residential Standards for New Federal Low-Rise Residential Buildings Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Low-Rise Residential Buildings October 8, 2013 - 1:57pm Addthis DOE recently updated the requirements for energy efficiency in newly constructed federal buildings. The new rule, 10 CFR 435, Subpart A: Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Low-Rise Residential Buildings, applies to residential buildings (one- and two-family dwellings as well as multifamily buildings three stories or less in height) for which design for construction began on or after August 10, 2012. The rule updates the baseline standard in 10 CFR 435, Subpart A to the 2009 IECC. New federal residential buildings are required (effective August 10, 2012) to achieve the 2009 IECC level of energy efficiency or 30% greater

215

Thermal efficiency standards and codes. Volume 2. Relationships of ASHRAE standards and external factors to energy efficient building practices in new homes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Available data on 1976 and 1979 new home construction practices were used to develop measures of average building practice for each of the 48 contiguous states. Four possible views of the function and purpose of building energy standards and codes were posited and used to guide the search for relationships between building practice and building energy codes and standards implemented by the states. It was found that the average thermal efficiency of new single family homes improved from 1976 to 1979 in each of the 48 states. It was observed that by 1979 the average thermal efficiency of new homes in each of the 48 states exceeded American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers Standard 90-75 (ASHRAE 90). However, in all states, there were substantial numbers of new homes which did not meet the Standard. By January 1, 1979, 23 states had some type of applicable building energy code or standard in effect; 11 of these had state-wide mandatory codes. All codes and standards were either identical to or very similar to the ASHRAE Standard 90-75 in their building shell requirements. A search for statistical evidence of a relationship between state building code activities and building practice was performed. Three marginally significant relationships were found by analysis of variance; however, these relationships were not significant in regression equations with socio-economic variables present. The conclusion here is that the effects of state building code actions on building practices were not detectable by the statistical methods used.

McCold, L.N.; Collins, N.E.; Zuschneid, P.B.; Hofstra, R.B.

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Energy-Efficiency Labels and Standards: A Guidebook for Appliances, Equipment, and Lighting - 2nd Edition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Industry Impacts 6.7.3 National Energy and Economic Impacts 6.7.4 Energy SupplyEnergy Supply Impacts In the U.S. , the effects of proposed energy-efficiency standards on the electric utility industry

Wiel, Stephen; McMahon, James E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

standards  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... About Circular A-119About Us. Standards. Definition of Standards. Finding Standards. Information on Biometrics Standards.

2012-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

218

Appliance Standards Transplantation: Applicability of a U.S.-Based Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Appliance Standards Transplantation: Applicability of a U.S.-Based Energy Efficiency Standards............................................................7 2.4 The U.S. experience with Energy Performance Labels..................7 3. The Development. As part of MINAE's demand side energy plan, Costa Rica is currently in the process of adopting a U.S

Kammen, Daniel M.

219

Impact of New Federal Efficiency Performance Standards on the Industrial Motor Marketplace  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 enacted new motor efficiency standards that will go into effect in December 2010. Previous motor efficiency standards, which were implemented as part of EPAct in 1992, caused some confusion within the motor marketplace. In part, this confusion lead to the development of NEMAs Premium label, which has since helped guide motor purchasers to buy efficient motors. As a companion activity, the awareness program Motor Decisions Matter was established to encourage the replacement of motors with more efficient technology rather than the repair of old, inefficient motors. The motor marketplace now faces similar confusion as the new standards will soon be implemented. It is therefore incumbent upon industrial motor users to begin planning for these standards now, both by developing new motor management plans and by updating repair/replace decision criteria to reflect changes in efficiency and price for motor replacement options. At the same time, it is incumbent upon motor efficiency programs and policymakers to address the anticipated negative market behavior trends that will likely result from the new standards implementation in the next few years.

Elliott, R. N.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Buildings Energy Data Book: 7.4 Efficiency Standards for Commercial HVAC  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

2 2 Efficiency Standards for Commercial Packaged Boilers Effective for products manufactured between January 1, 1994 and March 1, 2012 Combustion Efficiency (1) Gas-fired, with capacity ≥ 300,000 Btu/hr Not less than 80% Oil-fired, with capacity ≥ 300,000 Btu/hr Not less than 83% Effective for products manufactured on or after March 2, 2012 Size (Btu/hr) Efficiency Level (1) Gas-fired, hot water ≥300,000 and ≤2,500,000 80% thermal efficiency Gas-fired, hot water >2,500,000 82% combustion efficiency Oil-fired, hot water ≥300,000 and ≤2,500,000 82% thermal efficiency Oil-fired, hot water >2,500,000 84% combustion efficiency

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mortgages efficiency standards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Realized and Projected Impacts of U.S. Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential and Commercial Appliances  

SciTech Connect

This study estimated energy, environmental and consumer economic impacts of U.S. Federal residential energy efficiency standards that became effective in the 1988-2006 period, and of energy efficiency standards for fluorescent lamp ballasts and distribution transformers. These standards have been the subject of in-depth analyses conducted as part of DOE's standards rulemaking process. This study drew on those analyses, but updated certain data and developed a common framework and assumptions for all of the products in order to estimate realized impacts and to update projected impacts. It also performed new analysis for the first (1990) fluorescent ballast standards, which had been introduced in the NAECA legislation without a rulemaking. We estimate that the considered standards will reduce residential/ commercial primary energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions in 2030 by 4percent compared to the levels expected without any standards. The reduction for the residential sector is larger, at 8percent. The estimated cumulative energy savings from the standards amount to 39 quads by 2020, and 63 quads by 2030. The standards will also reduce emissions of carbon dioxide by considerable amounts.The estimated cumulative net present value of consumer benefit amounts to $241 billion by 2030, and grows to $269 billion by 2045. The overall ratio of consumer benefits to costs (in present value terms) in the 1987-2050 period is 2.7 to 1. Although the estimates made in this study are subject to a fair degree of uncertainty, we believe they provide a reasonable approximation of the national benefits resulting from Federal appliance efficiency standards.

Meyers, Stephen P.; McMahon, James; Atkinson, Barbara

2008-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

222

Realized and Projected Impacts of U.S. Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential and Commercial Appliances  

SciTech Connect

This study estimated energy, environmental and consumer economic impacts of U.S. Federal residential energy efficiency standards that became effective in the 1988-2006 period, and of energy efficiency standards for fluorescent lamp ballasts and distribution transformers. These standards have been the subject of in-depth analyses conducted as part of DOE's standards rulemaking process. This study drew on those analyses, but updated certain data and developed a common framework and assumptions for all of the products in order to estimate realized impacts and to update projected impacts. It also performed new analysis for the first (1990) fluorescent ballast standards, which had been introduced in the NAECA legislation without a rulemaking. We estimate that the considered standards will reduce residential/ commercial primary energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions in 2030 by 4percent compared to the levels expected without any standards. The reduction for the residential sector is larger, at 8percent. The estimated cumulative energy savings from the standards amount to 39 quads by 2020, and 63 quads by 2030. The standards will also reduce emissions of carbon dioxide by considerable amounts.The estimated cumulative net present value of consumer benefit amounts to $241 billion by 2030, and grows to $269 billion by 2045. The overall ratio of consumer benefits to costs (in present value terms) in the 1987-2050 period is 2.7 to 1. Although the estimates made in this study are subject to a fair degree of uncertainty, we believe they provide a reasonable approximation of the national benefits resulting from Federal appliance efficiency standards.

Meyers, Stephen P.; McMahon, James; Atkinson, Barbara

2008-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

223

EA-1872: Energy Efficiency and Sustainable Design Standards for New Federal Buildings  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal to amend the current rule for commercial and high-rise multi-family residential buildings, 10 CFR 433 Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Commercial and High-Rise Multi-Family Residential Buildings, to replace ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2004 with the more stringent ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2007, incorporated by reference. This EA will also also evaluate the environmental impacts with regard to low-rise residential buildings, this rulemaking updates 10 CFR 435 Subpart A, Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Residential Low-Rise Residential Buildings, to replace the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) 2004 by the more stringent IECC 2009, incorporated by reference.

224

Technical background paper for utility and performance relative to consumer-product energy-efficiency standards (for proposed energy-efficiency standards)  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes an investigation of the relative utility and performance of nine major household consumer products covered by the Energy Policy and Conservation Act. The objective of the investigation was to define the terms utility and performance, to recommend methods for quantifying these two concepts, and to recommend an approach for dealing with utility and performance issues in the energy-efficiency-standards program. Performance of a consumer product is the objective measure of how well, with the expected level of consumer input, the product does its intended job; and utility of a consumer product is a subjective measure, based on the consumer's perception, of the capability of the product to satisfy human needs. Quantification is based on test procedures and consumer-survey methods already largely in use by industry. Utility and performance issues are important in product classification for prescribing energy-efficiency standards. The recommended approach to classification is: prior to setting standards, evaluate utility and performance issues in the most-quantitative way allowed by resources and schedules in order to develop classification guidelines. This approach to utility and performance issues and classification requires no changes in existing Department of Energy test procedures.

Coggins, J.L.

1979-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

225

The Second US-China Energy Efficiency Forum: Energy Management Standards and Implementation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Standards Standards and Implementation James Quinn U.S. Department of Energy 1 DOE's Industrial Technologies Programivers Solutions Help plants save energy today by assessing opportunities and facilitating adoption of best energy management practices Develop advanced technologies addressing the top energy savings opportunities across industry Research & Development Technical Assistance Improve national energy security, climate, environment, and economic competitiveness by transforming the way U.S. industry uses energy. 2 * Time and again, industrial energy efficiency has been demonstrated to be cost effective while having a positive effect on productivity * Despite this, energy efficiency improvements with very favorable payback periods often do not get implemented

226

Japan's Residential Energy Demand Outlook to 2030 Considering Energy Efficiency Standards"Top-Runner Approach"  

SciTech Connect

As one of the measures to achieve the reduction in greenhouse gas emissions agreed to in the"Kyoto Protocol," an institutional scheme for determining energy efficiency standards for energy-consuming appliances, called the"Top-Runner Approach," was developed by the Japanese government. Its goal is to strengthen the legal underpinnings of various energy conservation measures. Particularly in Japan's residential sector, where energy demand has grown vigorously so far, this efficiency standard is expected to play a key role in mitigating both energy demand growth and the associated CO2 emissions. This paper presents an outlook of Japan's residential energy demand, developed by a stochastic econometric model for the purpose of analyzing the impacts of the Japan's energy efficiency standards, as well as the future stochastic behavior of income growth, demography, energy prices, and climate on the future energy demand growth to 2030. In this analysis, we attempt to explicitly take into consideration more than 30 kinds of electricity uses, heating, cooling and hot water appliances in order to comprehensively capture the progress of energy efficiency in residential energy end-use equipment. Since electricity demand, is projected to exhibit astonishing growth in Japan's residential sector due to universal increasing ownership of electric and other appliances, it is important to implement an elaborate efficiency standards policy for these appliances.

Lacommare, Kristina S H; Komiyama, Ryoichi; Marnay, Chris

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

227

New analysis techniques for estimating impacts of federal appliance efficiency standards  

SciTech Connect

Impacts of U.S. appliance and equipment standards have been described previously. Since 2000, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has updated standards for clothes washers, water heaters, and residential central air conditioners and heat pumps. A revised estimate of the aggregate impacts of all the residential appliance standards in the United States shows that existing standards will reduce residential primary energy consumption and associated carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) emissions by 89 percent in 2020 compared to the levels expected without any standards. Studies of possible new standards are underway for residential furnaces and boilers, as well as a number of products in the commercial (tertiary) sector, such as distribution transformers and unitary air conditioners. The analysis of standards has evolved in response to critiques and in an attempt to develop more precise estimates of costs and benefits of these regulations. The newer analysis elements include: (1) valuing energy savings by using marginal (rather than average) energy prices specific to an end-use; (2) simulating the impacts of energy efficiency increases over a sample population of consumers to quantify the proportion of households having net benefits or net costs over the life of the appliance; and (3) calculating marginal markups in distribution channels to derive the incremental change in retail prices associated with increased manufacturing costs for improving energy efficiency.

McMahon, James E.

2003-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

228

Thinking Globally: How ISO 50001 - Energy Management can make industrial energy efficiency standard practice  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Industry utilizes very complex systems, consisting of equipment and their human interface, which are organized to meet the production needs of the business. Effective and sustainable energy efficiency programs in an industrial setting require a systems approach to optimize the integrated whole while meeting primary business requirements. Companies that treat energy as a manageable resource and integrate their energy program into their management practices have an organizational context to continually seek opportunities for optimizing their energy use. The purpose of an energy management system standard is to provide guidance for industrial and commercial facilities to integrate energy efficiency into their management practices, including fine-tuning production processes and improving the energy efficiency of industrial systems. The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) has identified energy management as one of its top five priorities for standards development. The new ISO 50001 will establish an international framework for industrial, commercial, or institutional facilities, or entire companies, to manage their energy, including procurement and use. This standard is expected to achieve major, long-term increases in energy efficiency (20percent or more) in industrial, commercial, and institutional facilities and to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions worldwide.This paper describes the impetus for the international standard, its purpose, scope and significance, and development progress to date. A comparative overview of existing energy management standards is provided, as well as a discussion of capacity-building needs for skilled individuals to assist organizations in adopting the standard. Finally, opportunities and challenges are presented for implementing ISO 50001 in emerging economies and developing countries.

McKane, Aimee; Desai, Deann; Matteini, Marco; Meffert, William; Williams, Robert; Risser, Roland

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Fast mode assignment for quality scalable extension of the high efficiency video coding (HEVC) standard: a Bayesian approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The new compression standard, known as the High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC), aims at significantly improving the compression efficiency compared to previous standards. There has been significant interest in developing a scalable version of this standard. ... Keywords: low complexity compression, machine learning, scalable HEVC, video compression

H. R. Tohidypour, H. Bashashati, M. T. Pourazad, P. Nasiopoulos

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Energy-efficiency labels and standards: A guidebook for appliances, equipment and lighting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy-performance improvements in consumer products are an essential element in any government's portfolio of energy-efficiency and climate change mitigation programs. Governments need to develop balanced programs, both voluntary and regulatory, that remove cost-ineffective, energy-wasting products from the marketplace and stimulate the development of cost-effective, energy-efficient technology. Energy-efficiency labels and standards for appliances, equipment, and lighting products deserve to be among the first policy tools considered by a country's energy policy makers. The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and the United Nations Foundation (UNF) recognize the need to support policy makers in their efforts to implement energy-efficiency standards and labeling programs and have developed this guidebook, together with the Collaborative Labeling and Appliance Standards Program (CLASP), as a primary reference. This guidebook was prepared over the course of the past year with significant contribution from the authors and reviewers mentioned previously. Their diligent participation has made this the international guidance tool it was intended to be. The lead authors would also like to thank the following individuals for their support in the development, production, and distribution of the guidebook: Marcy Beck, Elisa Derby, Diana Dhunke, Ted Gartner, and Julie Osborn of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory as well as Anthony Ma of Bevilacqua-Knight, Inc. This guidebook is designed as a manual for government officials and others around the world responsible for developing, implementing, enforcing, monitoring, and maintaining labeling and standards-setting programs. It discusses the pros and cons of adopting energy-efficiency labels and standards and describes the data, facilities, and institutional and human resources needed for these programs. It provides guidance on the design, development, implementation, maintenance, and evaluation of the programs and on the design of the labels and standards themselves. In addition, it directs the reader to references and other resources likely to be useful in conducting the activities described and includes a chapter on energy policies and programs that complement appliance efficiency labels and standards. This guidebook attempts to reflect the essential framework of labeling and standards programs. It is the intent of the authors and sponsors to distribute copies of this book worldwide at no charge for the general public benefit. The guidebook is also available on the web at www.CLASPonline.org and can be downloaded to be used intact or piecemeal for whatever beneficial purposes readers may conceive.

McMahon, James E.; Wiel, Stephen

2001-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

231

Status of the Local Enforcement of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling Program in China  

SciTech Connect

As part of its commitment to promoting and improving the local enforcement of appliance energy efficiency standards and labeling, the China National Institute of Standardization (CNIS) launched the National and Local Enforcement of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling project on August 14, 2009. The projects short-term goal is to expand the effort to improve enforcement of standards and labeling requirements to the entire country within three years, with a long-term goal of perfecting overall enforcement. For this project, Jiangsu, Shandong, Sichuan and Shanghai were selected as pilot locations. This report provides information on the local enforcement projects recent background, activities and results as well as comparison to previous rounds of check-testing in 2006 and 2007. In addition, the report also offers evaluation on the achievement and weaknesses in the local enforcement scheme and recommendations. The results demonstrate both improvement and some backsliding. Enforcement schemes are in place in all target cities and applicable national standards and regulations were followed as the basis for local check testing. Check testing results show in general high labeling compliance across regions with 100% compliance for five products, including full compliance for all three products tested in Jiangsu province and two out of three products tested in Shandong province. Program results also identified key weaknesses in labeling compliance in Sichuan as well as in the efficiency standards compliance levels for small and medium three-phase asynchronous motors and self-ballasted fluorescent lamps. For example, compliance for the same product ranged from as low as 40% to 100% with mixed results for products that had been tested in previous rounds. For refrigerators, in particular, the efficiency standards compliance rate exhibited a wider range of 50% to 100%, and the average rate across all tested models also dropped from 96% in 2007 to 63%, possibly due to the implementation of newly strengthened efficiency standards in 2009. Areas for improvement include: Greater awareness at the local level to ensure that all manufacturers register their products with the label certification project and to minimize their resistance to inspections; improvement of the product sampling methodology to include representative testing of both large and small manufacturers and greater standardization of testing tools and procedures; and continued improvement in local enforcement efforts.

Zhou, Nan; Zheng, Nina; Fino-Chen, Cecilia; Fridley, David; Ning, Cao

2011-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

232

Monetary Policy and Household Mobility: The Effects of Mortgage Interest Rats.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Homeowner Mobility and Mortgage Interest Rates: New Evidencenew mortgages. Table 2 Basic Hazard Models of Household Mobility (mobility decisions are related to increases in family size, the existence of a new

Quigley, John M.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Clothes washer standards in China -- The problem of water and energy trade-offs in establishing efficiency standards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

9, 2003 Jiang Lin. 2003c. Appliance Standards and NationalCollaborative Labeling and Appliance Standards Program.standards (MEPS) for appliances. LBNL helped them do

Biermayer, Peter J.; Lin, Jiang

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Energy Efficiency Standards and Labels in North America: Opportunities for Harmonization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To support the North American Energy Working Group's Expert Group on Energy Efficiency (NAEWG-EE), USDOE commissioned the Collaborative Labeling and Appliance Standards Program (CLASP) to prepare a resource document comparing current standards, labels, and test procedure regulations in Canada, Mexico, and the United States. The resulting document reached the following conclusions: Out of 24 energy-using products for which at least one of the three countries has energy efficiency regulations, three products -- refrigerators/freezers, split system central air conditioners, and room air conditioners -- have similar or identical minimum energy performance standards (MEPS) in the three countries. These same three products, as well as three-phase motors, have similar or identical test procedures throughout the region. There are 10 products with different MEPS and test procedures, but which have the short-term potential to develop common test procedures, MEPS, and/or labels. Three other noteworthy areas where possible energy efficiency initiatives have potential for harmonization are standby losses, uniform endorsement labels, and a new standard or label on windows. This paper explains these conclusions and presents the underlying comparative data.

Vanwiemcgrory, Laura; Wiel, Stephen; Van Wie McGrory, Laura; Harrington, Lloyd

2002-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

235

Comparison of the Energy Efficiency Prescribed by ASHRAE/ANSI/IESNA Standard 90.1-1999 and ASHRAE/ANSI/IESNA Standard 90.1-2004  

SciTech Connect

This document presents the qualitative comparison of DOEs formal determination of energy savings of ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2004. The term qualitative is used in the sense of identifying whether or not changes have a positive, negative, or neutral impact on energy efficiency of the standard, with no attempt made to quantify that impact. A companion document will present the quantitative comparison of DOEs determination. The quantitative comparison will be based on whole building simulation of selected building prototypes in selected climates. This document presents a comparison of the energy efficiency requirements in ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA 90.1-1999 (herein referred to as Standard 90.1-1999) and ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA 90.1-2004 (herein referred to as Standard 90.1-2004). The comparison was done through a thorough review of all addenda to Standard 90.1-1999 that were included in the published ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2001 (herein referred to as Standard 90.1-2001) and also all addenda to Standard 90.1-2001 that were included in the published Standard 90.1-2004. A summary table showing the impact of each addendum is provided. Each addendum to both Standards 90.1-1999 and 90.1-2001 was evaluated as to its impact on the energy efficiency requirements of the standard (greater efficiency, lesser efficiency) and as to significance. The final section of this document summarizes the impacts of the various addenda and proposes which addenda should be included in the companion quantitative portion of DOEs determination. Addenda are referred to with the nomenclature addendum 90.1-xxz, where xx is either 99 for 1999 or 01 for 2001, and z is the ASHRAE letter designation for the addendum. Addenda names are shown in bold face in text. DOE has chosen not to prepare a separate evaluation of Standard 90.1-2001 as that standard does not appear to improve energy efficiency in commercial buildings. What this means for the determination of energy savings for Standard 90.1-2004 is that the baseline standard for comparison is Standard 90.1-1999 and all addenda to both Standards 90.1-1999 and 90.1-2001 must be considered to determine the overall change in efficiency between Standard 90.1-1999 and Standard 90.1-2004.

Halverson, Mark A.; Liu, Bing; Richman, Eric E.; Winiarski, David W.

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Impact of the Energy Efficiency Labeling and Standards Program on Room  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Impact of the Energy Efficiency Labeling and Standards Program on Room Impact of the Energy Efficiency Labeling and Standards Program on Room Air-conditioner in Korea Speaker(s): Jun-Young Choi Date: January 31, 2006 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 There is a significant amount of trade in energy-using equipment all over the world. A study of trade in air conditioners, refrigerators, electric motors and lighting products found that air-conditioner trade all among all economies was worth about US$35 billion in 2003. Window/wall air conditioners represented about 40% of the value of trade, and other types (split system and ducted types) about 60%. Air conditioner is the one of most energy-consuming equipments in residential sector, which reaches to include air conditioner in MEPS and energy labeling program in many economies. Much of this trade is affected in some way by minimum energy

237

Buildings Energy Data Book: 7.3 Efficiency Standards for Residential HVAC  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

3 3 Efficiency Standards for Residential Boilers Effective for products manufactured before September 1, 2012 AFUE(%) (1) Boilers (excluding gas steam) Gas Steam Boilers Effective for products manufactured on or after September 1, 2012 (2) AFUE (%) (1) No Constant Burning Pilot Automatic Means for Adjusting Water Temperature Gas Steam No Constant Burning Pilot Oil Hot Water Automatic Means for Adjusting Water Temperature Oil Steam None Electric Hot water Automatic Means for Adjusting Water Temperature Electric Steam None Note(s): Source(s): 84 82 None None 1) Annual Fuel Utilization Efficiency. 2) Boilers manufactured to operate without any need for electricity, an electric connection, electric gauges, electric pumps, electric wires, or electric devices are not required to comply with the revised standards that take effect September 1,

238

Buildings Energy Data Book: 7.7 Efficiency Standards for Lighting  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

Efficiency Standards for Lighting Efficiency Standards for Lighting March 2011 7.7.2 Efficiency Standards for General Service Fluorescent Lamps Effective for products manufactured before July 14, 2012 Minimum Nominal Lamp Average Lamp Lamp Type (1) Wattage (W) Minimum CRI Efficacy (lm/W) Effective Date 4-Foot Medium Bipin >35 69 75.0 November 1, 1995 4-Foot Medium Bipin 45 75.0 November 1, 1995 2-Foot U-Shaped >35 69 68.0 November 1, 1995 2-Foot U-Shaped 45 64.0 November 1, 1995 8-Foot Slimline >65 69 80.0 May 1, 1994 8-Foot Slimline 45 80.0 May 1, 1994 8-Foot High Output >100 69 80.0 May 1, 1994 8-Foot High Output 45 80.0 May 1, 1994 Effective for products manufactured on or after July 14, 2012 Minimum Correlated Color Average Lamp Lamp Type Temperature (K) Efficacy (lm/W) 4-Foot Medium Bipin 89 4-Foot Medium Bipin 88 2-Foot U-Shaped

239

Buildings Energy Data Book: 7.5 Efficiency Standards for Residential Appliances  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

2 2 Efficiency Standards for Residential Refrigerators and Freezers (1) 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) Note(s): Source(s): Refrigerator-freezers, automatic defrost with side-mounted freezer with through-the-door ice service 10.10AV + 406.0 1) Effective for products manufactured on or after July 1, 2001. Standards do not apply to refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers with total refrigerated volume exceeding 39 cubic feet or freezers with total refrigerated volume exceeding 30 cubic feet. AV = total adjusted volume (ft^3). Title 10, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 430 - Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products, Subpart C - Energy and Water Conservation Standards and Their Effective Dates. January 1, 2010. Refrigerator-freezers, automatic defrost with side-mounted freezer without through-the-

240

International Review of the Development and Implementation of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling Programs  

SciTech Connect

Appliance energy efficiency standards and labeling (S&L) programs have been important policy tools for regulating the efficiency of energy-using products for over 40 years and continue to expand in terms of geographic and product coverage. The most common S&L programs include mandatory minimum energy performance standards (MEPS) that seek to push the market for efficient products, and energy information and endorsement labels that seek to pull the market. This study seeks to review and compare some of the earliest and most well-developed S&L programs in three countries and one region: the U.S. MEPS and ENERGY STAR, Australia MEPS and Energy Label, European Union MEPS and Ecodesign requirements and Energy Label and Japanese Top Runner programs. For each program, key elements of S&L programs are evaluated and comparative analyses across the programs undertaken to identify best practice examples of individual elements as well as cross-cutting factors for success and lessons learned in international S&L program development and implementation. The international review and comparative analysis identified several overarching themes and highlighted some common factors behind successful program elements. First, standard-setting and programmatic implementation can benefit significantly from a legal framework that stipulates a specific timeline or schedule for standard-setting and revision, product coverage and legal sanctions for non-compliance. Second, the different MEPS programs revealed similarities in targeting efficiency gains that are technically feasible and economically justified as the principle for choosing a standard level, in many cases at a level that no product on the current market could reach. Third, detailed survey data such as the U.S. Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) and rigorous analyses provide a strong foundation for standard-setting while incorporating the participation of different groups of stakeholders further strengthen the process. Fourth, sufficient program resources for program implementation and evaluation are critical to the effectiveness of standards and labeling programs and cost-sharing between national and local governments can help ensure adequate resources and uniform implementation. Lastly, check-testing and punitive measures are important forms of enforcement while the cancellation of registration or product sales-based fines have also proven effective in reducing non-compliance. The international comparative analysis also revealed the differing degree to which the level of government decentralization has influenced S&L programs and while no single country has best practices in all elements of standards and labeling development and implementation, national examples of best practices for specific elements do exist. For example, the U.S. has exemplified the use of rigorous analyses for standard-setting and robust data source with the RECS database while Japan?s Top Runner standard-setting principle has motivated manufacturers to exceed targets. In terms of standards implementation and enforcement, Australia has demonstrated success with enforcement given its long history of check-testing and enforcement initiatives while mandatory information-sharing between EU jurisdictions on compliance results is another important enforcement mechanism. These examples show that it is important to evaluate not only the drivers of different paths of standards and labeling development, but also the country-specific context for best practice examples in order to understand how and why certain elements of specific S&L programs have been effective.

Zhou, Nan; Zheng, Nina; Fridley, David

2012-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mortgages efficiency standards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Revision of the Energy-Efficiency Requirements in the Manufactured Home Construction and Safety Standards  

SciTech Connect

Energy-efficiency requirements were developed for manufactured (mobile) homes, which are regulated by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. A life-cycle cost analysis from the homeowner's perspective was used to establish parameters for a least-cost home in a large number of cities. Economic, financial, and energy-efficiency measures for the life-cycle cost analysis were selected and documented. The resulting energy-efficiency levels were aggregated to zones that were expressed as a maximum overall home U-factor (thermal transmittance) requirement for the building envelope. The proposed revised standard's costs, benefits, and net value to the consumer were quantified. This analysis updates a similar effort completed in 1992, which was the basis for the existing HUD code overall U-factor requirement.

Conner, Craig C.; Dillon, Heather E.; Lucas, Robert G.; Lubliner, Michael

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Status of China's Energy Efficiency Standards and Labels for Appliances and International Collaboration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

China first adopted minimum energy performance standards (MEPS) in 1989. Today, there are standards for a wide range of domestic, commercial and selected industrial equipment. In 1999, China launched a voluntary endorsement label, which has grown to cover over 40 products including water-saving products (See Figure 1). Further, in 2005, China started a mandatory energy information label (also referred to as the 'Energy Label'). Today, the Energy Label is applied to four products including: air conditioners; household refrigerators; clothes washers; and unitary air conditioners (See Figure 2). MEPS and the voluntary endorsement labeling specifications have been updated and revised in order to reflect technology improvements to those products in the market. These programs have had an important impact in reducing energy consumption of appliances in China. Indeed, China has built up a strong infrastructure to develop and implement product standards. Historically, however, the government's primary focus has been on the technical requirements for efficiency performance. Less attention has been paid to monitoring and enforcement with a minimal commitment of resources and little expansion of administrative capacity in this area. Thus, market compliance with both mandatory standards and labeling programs has been questionable and actual energy savings may have been undermined as a result. The establishment of a regularized monitoring system for tracking compliance with the mandatory standard and energy information label in China is a major area for program improvement. Over the years, the Collaborative Labeling and Appliance Standards Program (CLASP) has partnered with several Chinese institutions to promote energy-efficient products in China. CLASP, together with its implementing partner Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), has assisted China in developing and updating the above-mentioned standards and labeling programs. Because of the increasing need for the development of a monitoring system to track compliance with standards and labeling, CLASP, with support from Japan's Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI), has expanded its ongoing collaboration with the China National Institute of Standards (CNIS) to include enforcement and monitoring. CNIS has already begun working on the issue of compliance. CNIS has conducted modest sample testing in 2006 for refrigerators, freezers and room air-conditioners, and repeated the same task in 2007 with a similar sample size for three products (refrigerators, freezers, air-conditioners and clothes washers). And, CNIS, with technical support from LBNL, has analyzed the data collected through testing. At the same time, parallel effort has also been paid to look at the potential impact of the label to 2020. In conjunction with CNIS, CLASP technical experts reviewed the standards development timeline of the four products currently subject to the mandatory energy information label. CLASP, with the support of METI/IEEJ, collaborated with CNIS to develop the efficiency grades, providing: technical input to the process; comment and advice on particular technical issues; as well as evaluation of the results. In addition, in order to effectively evaluate the impact of the label on China's market, CLASP further provided assistance to CNIS to collect data on both the efficiency distribution and product volume distribution of refrigerators on the market. This short report summarizes the status of Standards and Labeling program, current enforcement and monitoring mechanism in China, and states the importance of international collaborations.

Zhou, Nan

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Buildings Energy Data Book: 7.6 Efficiency Standards for Lighting  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

2 2 Efficiency Standards for Incandescent Reflector Lamps (1) Effective for lamps manufactured after November 1, 1995 and before July 14, 2012 Minimum Nominal Average Lamp Lamp Wattage Efficacy (lm/W) 40-50 10.5 51-66 11.0 67-85 12.5 86-115 14.0 116-155 14.5 156-205 15.0 Effective for lamps manufactured on or after July 14, 2012 Minimum Rated Lamp Rated Average Lamp Lamp Wattage Lamp Spectrum Diameter (in) Voltage (V) Efficacy (lm/W) (2) 40-205 Standard Spectrum >2.5 ≥125 6.8*P^0.27 40-205 Standard Spectrum >2.5 <125 5.9*P^0.27 40-205 Standard Spectrum ≤2.5 ≥125 5.7*P^0.27 40-205 Standard Spectrum ≤2.5 <125 5.0*P^0.27 40-205 Modified Spectrum >2.5 ≥125 5.8*P^0.27 40-205 Modified Spectrum >2.5 <125 5.0*P^0.27 40-205 Modified Spectrum ≤2.5 ≥125 4.9*P^0.27

244

Utility and performance relative to consumer product energy efficiency standards. Final technical report  

SciTech Connect

An investigation of the relative utility and performance of nine major household consumer products covered by the Energy Policy and Conservation Act is summarized. The objective was to define the terms utility and performance, to recommend methods for quantifying these two concepts, and to recommend an approach for dealing with utility and performance issues in the energy efficiency standards program. The definitions developed are: performance of a consumer product is the objective measure of how well, with the expected level of consumer input (following the manufacturer's instructions for installation and operation), the product does its intended job; and utility of a consumer product is a subjective measure, based on the consumer's perception, of the capability of the product to satisfy human needs. Quantification is based on test procedures and consumer survey methods which are largely already in use by industry. Utility and performance issues are important in product classification for prescribing energy efficiency standards. The recommended approach to utility and performance issues and classification is: prior to setting standards, evaluate utility and performance issues in the most quantitative way allowed by resources and schedules in order to develop classification guidelines. This approach requires no changes in existing Department of Energy test procedures.

Coggins, J.L.

1979-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

245

Buildings Energy Data Book: 7.5 Efficiency Standards for Residential Appliances  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

4 4 Efficiency Standards for Wet Cleaning Equipment Effective from products manufactured from January 1, 2007 through December 31, 2011 Top-Loading, Compact (Capacity < 1.6 ft^3) Front-Loading, Compact (Capacity < 1.6 ft^3) Top-Loading, Semi-Automatic (1) Suds-Saving (1) Effective for products manufactured on or after January 1, 2011 Top-Loading, Compact (Capacity ≥ 1.6 ft^3) Front-Loading, Compact (Capacity ≥ 1.6 ft^3) Dishwashers: Effective for products manufactured on or after January 1, 2010 (2) Standard Note(s): Source(s): 355 6.5 1) Must have an unheated rinse water option. 2) Size is to be determined by ANSI/AHAM DW-1. Title 10, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 430 - Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products, Subpart C - Energy and Water Conservation

246

Analysis of Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards for Residential General Service Lighting in Chile  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards (MEPS) have been chosen as part of Chile's national energy efficiency action plan. As a first MEPS, the Ministry of Energy has decided to focus on a regulation for lighting that would ban the sale of inefficient bulbs, effectively phasing out the use of incandescent lamps. Following major economies such as the US (EISA, 2007) , the EU (Ecodesign, 2009) and Australia (AS/NZS, 2008) who planned a phase out based on minimum efficacy requirements, the Ministry of Energy has undertaken the impact analysis of a MEPS on the residential lighting sector. Fundacion Chile (FC) and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) collaborated with the Ministry of Energy and the National Energy Efficiency Program (Programa Pais de Eficiencia Energetica, or PPEE) in order to produce a techno-economic analysis of this future policy measure. LBNL has developed for CLASP (CLASP, 2007) a spreadsheet tool called the Policy Analysis Modeling System (PAMS) that allows for evaluation of costs and benefits at the consumer level but also a wide range of impacts at the national level, such as energy savings, net present value of savings, greenhouse gas (CO2) emission reductions and avoided capacity generation due to a specific policy. Because historically Chile has followed European schemes in energy efficiency programs (test procedures, labelling program definitions), we take the Ecodesign commission regulation No 244/2009 as a starting point when defining our phase out program, which means a tiered phase out based on minimum efficacy per lumen category. The following data were collected in order to perform the techno-economic analysis: (1) Retail prices, efficiency and wattage category in the current market, (2) Usage data (hours of lamp use per day), and (3) Stock data, penetration of efficient lamps in the market. Using these data, PAMS calculates the costs and benefits of efficiency standards from two distinct but related perspectives: (1) The Life-Cycle Cost (LCC) calculation examines costs and benefits from the perspective of the individual household; and (2) The National Perspective projects the total national costs and benefits including both financial benefits, and energy savings and environmental benefits. The national perspective calculations are called the National Energy Savings (NES) and the Net Present Value (NPV) calculations. PAMS also calculate total emission mitigation and avoided generation capacity. This paper describes the data and methodology used in PAMS and presents the results of the proposed phase out of incandescent bulbs in Chile.

Letschert, Virginie E.; McNeil, Michael A.; Leiva Ibanez, Francisco Humberto; Ruiz, Ana Maria; Pavon, Mariana; Hall, Stephen

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Buildings Energy Data Book: 7.4 Efficiency Standards for Commercial HVAC  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

3 3 Efficiency Standards for Commercial Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps (1) Type Cooling Capacity (Btu/hr) Category (2) Efficiency Level Small commercial package air conditioning <65,000 AC SEER = 13.0 and heating equipment (air-cooled, HP SEER = 13.0 three-phase) Single package vertical air conditioners and <65,000 AC EER = 9.0 single package vertical heat pumps, HP EER = 9.0, COP = 3.0 single-phase and three phase Single package vertical air conditioners and ≥65,000 and <135,000 AC EER = 8.9 single package vertical heat pumps HP EER = 8.9, COP = 3.0 Single package vertical air conditioners and ≥135,000 and <240,000 AC EER = 8.6 single package vertical heat pumps HP EER = 8.6, COP = 2.9 Small commercial package air-conditioning

248

Estimating carbon emissions avoided by electricity generation and efficiency projects: A standardized method (MAGPWR)  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a standardized method for establishing a multi-project baseline for a power system. The method provides an approximation of the generating sources that are expected to operate on the margin in the future for a given electricity system. It is most suitable for small-scale electricity generation and electricity efficiency improvement projects. It allows estimation of one or more carbon emissions factors that represent the emissions avoided by projects, striking a balance between simplicity of use and the desire for accuracy in granting carbon credits.

Meyers, S.; Marnay, C.; Schumacher, K.; Sathaye, J.

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Energy-Efficiency Labels and Standards: A Guidebook for Appliances, Equipment, and Lighting - 2nd Edition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Industrial Standards Committee American National Standards Institute Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration

Wiel, Stephen; McMahon, James E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Energy-efficiency labels and standards: A guidebook for appliances, equipment and lighting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Industrial Standards Committee American National Standards Institute Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration

McMahon, James E.; Wiel, Stephen

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Realized and Projected Impacts of U.S. Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential and Commercial Appliances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

http://www.eere.energy.gov/buildings/appliance_standards/buildings/ appliance_standards/commercial/distributio n_Standards for Residential Appliances: 2004 Update, LBNL-

Meyers, Stephen P.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Comparison of Test Procedures and Energy Efficiency Criteria in Selected International Standards and Labeling Programs for Clothes Washers, Water Dispensers, Vending Machines and CFLs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CFL technology has matured, CFL efficiency levels have beenthe CFL standards and labeling programs, energy efficiencyto bare bulb CFL. Comparison of Energy Efficiency Values In

Fridley, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Thinking Globally: How ISO 50001 - Energy Management can make industrial energy efficiency standard practice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tracking Industrial Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions: Aapplication of Energy Efficiency in Industry, Vienna,for Promoting Industrial Energy Efficiency in Developing

McKane, Aimee

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Carrots and Sticks: A Comprehensive Business Model for the Successful Achievement of Energy Efficiency Resource Standards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

administrators of energy efficiency programs: Can evaluationMechanisms to Promote Energy Efficiency: Case Study of a2009c. Financial impact of energy efficiency under a federal

Satchwell, Andrew

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Estimate of Technical Potential for Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards in 13 Major World Economies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

exchangers, improved fan blade design and motor efficiency,blade design), which is used in most efficient ceiling fansfans. Sathaye (2012) found that efficient blade design can

Letschert, Virginie

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Energy-Efficiency Labels and Standards: A Guidebook for Appliances, Equipment, and Lighting - 2nd Edition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It then shows the cost and energy-efficiency improvementsand forecast. Once cost and energy-efficiency data have beenin releasing cost- effective energy efficiency benefits in

Wiel, Stephen; McMahon, James E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Carrots and Sticks: A Comprehensive Business Model for the Successful Achievement of Energy Efficiency Resource Standards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Benefits and Costs of Aggressive Energy Efficiency Programspursuing cost-effective energy efficiency. Regulators arepursue cost-effective energy efficiency opportunities. At

Satchwell, Andrew

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Energy-efficiency labels and standards: A guidebook for appliances, equipment and lighting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a Standards ket prices to recalculate the forecast savingsforecast, UEC with and without standards, projected energy price

McMahon, James E.; Wiel, Stephen

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Realized and projected impacts of U.S. federal efficiency standards for residential appliances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

11 Appliance Prices and Incremental Costs ofDue to Appliance Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . .Standards for Residential Appliances Stephen Meyers, James

Meyers, Stephen; McMahon, James; McNeil, Michael; Liu, Xiaomin

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Carrots and Sticks: A Comprehensive Business Model for the Successful Achievement of Energy Efficiency Resource Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

399E 399E ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY Carrots and Sticks: A Comprehensive Business Model for the Successful Achievement of Energy Efficiency Resource Standards Andrew Satchwell, Peter Cappers, and Charles Goldman Preprint version of paper for conference proceedings, ECEEE Summer Study, Giens, France, June 6-11, 2011 Environmental Energy Technologies Division March 2011 The work described in this report was funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE) - Permitting, Siting and Analysis Division under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. ii Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mortgages efficiency standards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Buildings Energy Data Book: 7.5 Efficiency Standards for Residential Appliances  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

3 3 Efficiency Standards for Residential Water Heaters (1) Effective for products manufactured from January 20, 2004 through April 15, 2015 Gas-Fired Storage Water Heaters Oil-Fired Water Heaters EF = 0.67 - (0.0019 x Rated Storage Volume in gallons) EF = 0.59 - (0.0019 x Rated Storage Volume in gallons) Instantaneous Gas-Fired Water Heaters Instantaneous Electric and Table Top Water Heaters EF = 0.62 - (0.0019 x Rated Storage Volume in gallons) EF = 0.93 - (0.00132 x Rated Storage Volume in gallons) Electric Storage Water Heaters EF = 0.97 - (0.00132 x Rated Storage Volume in gallons) Effective for products manufactured on or after April 16, 2015 Gas-Fired Storage Water Heaters Rated Storage Volume ≤ 55 gallons EF = 0.675 - (0.0015 x Rated Storage Volume in gallons)

262

Financing Energy-Efficient Homes | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Financing Energy-Efficient Homes Financing Energy-Efficient Homes Financing Energy-Efficient Homes April 13, 2012 - 11:54am Addthis Financing Energy-Efficient Homes What does this mean for me? You can benefit from energy-efficient financing whether you're buying, selling, refinancing, or remodeling a home. If you're shopping for an energy-efficient home, an energy-efficient mortgage (EEM) can help you qualify for a more expensive home. You can benefit from energy-efficient financing whether you're buying, selling, refinancing, or remodeling a home. If you're shopping for an energy-efficient home, an energy-efficient mortgage (EEM) can help you qualify for a more expensive home. The EEM takes into account lower utility costs, so you can afford a slightly larger mortgage payment. Energy-Efficient Financing Programs

263

Financing Energy-Efficient Homes | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Financing Energy-Efficient Homes Financing Energy-Efficient Homes Financing Energy-Efficient Homes April 13, 2012 - 11:54am Addthis Financing Energy-Efficient Homes What does this mean for me? You can benefit from energy-efficient financing whether you're buying, selling, refinancing, or remodeling a home. If you're shopping for an energy-efficient home, an energy-efficient mortgage (EEM) can help you qualify for a more expensive home. You can benefit from energy-efficient financing whether you're buying, selling, refinancing, or remodeling a home. If you're shopping for an energy-efficient home, an energy-efficient mortgage (EEM) can help you qualify for a more expensive home. The EEM takes into account lower utility costs, so you can afford a slightly larger mortgage payment. Energy-Efficient Financing Programs

264

Energy-Efficiency Labels and Standards: A Guidebook for Appliances, Equipment, and Lighting - 2nd Edition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy- Efficient Appliances Policy Analysis Modeling Systemenergy-efficiency interest groupsshould Chapter 6 The Policy Analysis Modeling System

Wiel, Stephen; McMahon, James E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Energy-efficiency labels and standards: A guidebook for appliances, equipment and lighting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

data on market energy-efficiency trends, sales volumes, andfrom ongoing market trends. Once cost and energy-efficiency

McMahon, James E.; Wiel, Stephen

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Practice Energy Conservation, and Explore for Improving Technical Standards of Energy Efficiency Management  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

极实践节能减排, 极实践节能减排, 探索能效管理技术标准的建立和完善 Practice Energy Conservation, and Explore for Improving Technical Standards of Energy Efficiency Management 中节能咨询有限公司 CECEP Consulting Co., Ltd. 第二届中美能效论坛 · 旧金山 2nd China-US Energy Efficiency Forum · San Francisco 中国节能环保集团公司 1 --Energy Conservation and Emission Reduction Service Provider --节能减排的实践者 CECEP  城市节能环保基础设施 Urban infrastructure of EE and environmental protection  工业节能减排和资源综合利用 EE and circular economy in industry  新能源和清洁技术 New energy technology and clean production technology

267

National Energy Efficiency Evaluation, Measurement and Verification (EM&V) Standard: Scoping Study of Issues and Implementation Requirements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is a scoping study that identifies issues associated with developing a national evaluation, measurement and verification (EM&V) standard for end-use, non-transportation, energy efficiency activities. The objectives of this study are to identify the scope of such a standard and define EM&V requirements and issues that will need to be addressed in a standard. To explore these issues, we provide and discuss: (1) a set of definitions applicable to an EM&V standard; (2) a literature review of existing guidelines, standards, and 'initiatives' relating to EM&V standards as well as a review of 'bottom-up' versus 'top-down' evaluation approaches; (3) a summary of EM&V related provisions of two recent federal legislative proposals (Congressman Waxman's and Markey's American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009 and Senator Bingaman's American Clean Energy Leadership Act of 2009) that include national efficiency resource requirements; (4) an annotated list of issues that that are likely to be central to, and need to be considered when, developing a national EM&V standard; and (5) a discussion of the implications of such issues. There are three primary reasons for developing a national efficiency EM&V standard. First, some policy makers, regulators and practitioners believe that a national standard would streamline EM&V implementation, reduce costs and complexity, and improve comparability of results across jurisdictions; although there are benefits associated with each jurisdiction setting its own EM&V requirements based on their specific portfolio and evaluation budgets and objectives. Secondly, if energy efficiency is determined by the US Environmental Protection Agency to be a Best Available Control Technology (BACT) for avoiding criteria pollutant and/or greenhouse gas emissions, then a standard can be required for documenting the emission reductions resulting from efficiency actions. The third reason for a national EM&V standard is that such a standard is likely to be required as a result of future federal energy legislation that includes end-use energy efficiency, either as a stand-alone energy-efficiency resource standard (EERS) or as part of a clean energy or renewable energy standard. This study is focused primarily on this third reason and thus explores issues associated with a national EM&V standard if energy efficiency is a qualifying resource in federal clean energy legislation. Developing a national EM&V standard is likely to be a lengthy process; this study focuses on the critical first step of identifying the issues that must be addressed in a future standard. Perhaps the most fundamental of these issues is 'how good is good enough?' This has always been the fundamental issue of EM&V for energy efficiency and is a result of the counter-factual nature of efficiency. Counter-factual in that savings are not measured, but estimated to varying degrees of accuracy by comparing energy consumption after a project (program) is implemented with what is assumed to have been the consumption of energy in the absence of the project (program). Therefore, the how good is good enough question is a short version of asking how certain does one have to be of the energy savings estimate that results from EM&V activities and is that level of certainty properly balanced against the amount of effort (resources, time, money) that is utilized to obtain that level of certainty. The implication is that not only should energy efficiency investments be cost-effective, but EM&V investments should consider risk management principles and thus also balance the costs and value of information derived from EM&V (EM&V should also be cost-effective).

Schiller Consulting, Inc.; Schiller, Steven R.; Goldman, Charles A.; Galawish, Elsia

2011-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

268

Efficiency of appliance models on the market before and after DOE standards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Models in AHAM Directory Compared to DOE Standards June July2002 2001 standard A d just ed V o lume ( cu.f t . ) LBNL-Compared to1990 DOE Standard March1991 Oct 1987 EER

Meyers, Stephen

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Thinking Globally: How ISO 50001 - Energy Management can make industrial energy efficiency standard practice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

www.iso.org/iso/energy_management_system_standard 2008 toThe purpose of an energy management system standard is towww.iso.org/iso/energy_management_system_standard Related

McKane, Aimee

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Status of China's Energy Efficiency Standards and Labels for Appliances and International Collaboration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Standards and Labels for Appliances and Internationalenergy consumption of appliances in China. Indeed, China hasthe Collaborative Labeling and Appliance Standards Program (

Zhou, Nan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Energy-Efficiency Labels and Standards: A Guidebook for Appliances, Equipment, and Lighting - 2nd Edition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the context for and history of energy efficiency in thepromotion of energy-efficient purchasing, 268 history ofTrade 2.3 History and Scope of Energy-Efficiency Labels and

Wiel, Stephen; McMahon, James E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

International Review of the Development and Implementation of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the market for efficient products, and energy informationenergy information and endorsement labels seek to pull the market for efficient products by providing information

Zhou, Nan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Japan's Residential Energy Demand Outlook to 2030 Considering Energy Efficiency Standards "Top-Runner Approach"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Outlook -A Projection up to 2030 under EnvironmentalEnergy Demand Outlook to 2030 Considering Energy EfficiencyEnergy Demand Outlook to 2030 Considering Energy Efficiency

Komiyama, Ryoichi

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Buildings Energy Data Book: 7.6 Efficiency Standards for Lighting  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

1 1 Efficiency Standards for General Service Fluorescent Lamps Effective for products manufactured before July 14, 2012 Minimum Nominal Lamp Average Lamp Lamp Type (1) Wattage (W) Minimum CRI Efficacy (lm/W) Effective Date 4-Foot Medium Bipin >35 69 75.0 November 1, 1995 4-Foot Medium Bipin ≤35 45 75.0 November 1, 1995 2-Foot U-Shaped >35 69 68.0 November 1, 1995 2-Foot U-Shaped ≤35 45 64.0 November 1, 1995 8-Foot Slimline >65 69 80.0 May 1, 1994 8-Foot Slimline ≤65 45 80.0 May 1, 1994 8-Foot High Output >100 69 80.0 May 1, 1994 8-Foot High Output ≤100 45 80.0 May 1, 1994 Effective for products manufactured on or after July 14, 2012 Minimum Correlated Color Average Lamp Lamp Type Temperature (K) Efficacy (lm/W) 4-Foot Medium Bipin ≤4,500 89 4-Foot Medium Bipin >4,500 and ≤7,000 88

275

Distributional and Efficiency Impacts of Clean and Renewable Energy Standards for Electricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine the efficiency and distributional impacts of greenhouse gas policies directed toward the electricity

Rausch, Sebastian

2012-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

276

International Review of the Development and Implementation of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

market sales trends and efficiency levels are made available through the reporting requirements for ENERGY

Zhou, Nan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Impact of ASHRAE standard 189.1-2009 on building energy efficiency and performance.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this report is to provide an introduction to the new ASHRAE Standard 189.1-2009, Standard for the Design of High-Performance Green Buildings. The (more)

Blush, Aaron

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Efficiency of appliance models on the market before and after DOE standards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL-55509 Annual Energy Use (DOE test): Top-Mounted Auto-AHAM Directory Compared to DOE Standards June July 2002 2001Directory Compared to1990 DOE Standard March1991 Oct 1987

Meyers, Stephen

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Energy-Efficiency Labels and Standards: A Guidebook for Appliances, Equipment, and Lighting - 2nd Edition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

standards-setting program. There is no sin- gle right answer to these questions, or perhaps a better way

Wiel, Stephen; McMahon, James E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Estimate of Technical Potential for Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards in 13 Major World Economies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by comparing the national energy consumption, E, of the endConsumption Trends and Energy-Efficiency Improvement Options. Berkeley CA: Lawrence Berkeley NationalConsumption Trends and Energy-Efficiency Improvement Options. Berkeley CA: Lawrence Berkeley National

Letschert, Virginie

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mortgages efficiency standards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Energy-Efficiency Labels and Standards: A Guidebook for Appliances, Equipment, and Lighting - 2nd Edition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

trade in energy-efficient products, Canada, Mexico, and theextending the ENERGY STAR program to Mexico (Wiel et. al.150, 260261 Mexico government promotion of energy-efficient

Wiel, Stephen; McMahon, James E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

EA-1926: Energy Efficiency Design Standards for New Federal Low-Rise Residential Buildings (RIN# 1904-AC61)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EA will evaluate the potential environmental impacts of implementing the provisions in the Energy Conservation and Production Act (ECPA) that require DOE to update the baseline Federal energy efficiency performance standards for the construction of new Federal buildings, including low-rise residential buildings.

283

Energy-Efficiency Labels and Standards: A Guidebook for Appliances, Equipment, and Lighting - 2nd Edition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

solutions that both protect the ozone layer and simultaneously improve energy efficiency (e.g. , choosing alternative

Wiel, Stephen; McMahon, James E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Realized and prospective impacts of U.S. energy efficiency standards for residential appliances: 2004 update  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Consumption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .residential primary energy consumption and CO 2 emissions inenergy efficiency and energy consumption of a given product

Meyers, Stephen; McMahon, James; McNeil, Michael

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Realized and prospective impacts of U.S. energy efficiency standards for residential appliances: 2004 update  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy prices on the market demand for product efficiency, we note that real electricity prices continued a downward trend

Meyers, Stephen; McMahon, James; McNeil, Michael

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Energy-Efficiency Labels and Standards: A Guidebook forAppliances, Equipment, and Lighting - 2nd Edition  

SciTech Connect

Energy-performance improvements in consumer products are an essential element in any government's portfolio of energy-efficiency and climate change mitigation programs. Governments need to develop balanced programs, both voluntary and regulatory, that remove cost-ineffective, energy-wasting products from the marketplace and stimulate the development of cost-effective, energy-efficient technology. Energy-efficiency labels and standards for appliances, equipment, and lighting products deserve to be among the first policy tools considered by a country's energy policy makers. The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and several other organizations identified on the cover of this guidebook recognize the need to support policy makers in their efforts to implement energy-efficiency standards and labeling programs and have developed this guidebook, together with the Collaborative Labeling and Appliance Standards Program (CLASP), as a primary reference. This second edition of the guidebook was prepared over the course of the past year, four years after the preparation of the first edition, with a significant contribution from the authors and reviewers mentioned previously. Their diligent participation helps maintain this book as the international guidance tool it has become. The lead authors would like to thank the members of the Communications Office of the Environmental Energy Technologies Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory for their support in the development, production, and distribution of the guidebook. This guidebook is designed as a manual for government officials and others around the world responsible for developing, implementing, enforcing, monitoring, and maintaining labeling and standards setting programs. It discusses the pros and cons of adopting energy-efficiency labels and standards and describes the data, facilities, and institutional and human resources needed for these programs. It provides guidance on the design, development, implementation, maintenance, and evaluation of the programs and on the design of the labels and standards themselves. In addition, it directs the reader to references and other resources likely to be useful in conducting the activities described and includes a chapter on energy policies and programs that complement appliance efficiency labels and standards. This guidebook attempts to reflect the essential framework of labeling and standards programs. It is the intent of the authors and sponsor to distribute copies of this book worldwide, at no charge, for the general public benefit. The guidebook is also available on the web at www.clasponline.org and may be downloaded to be used intact or piecemeal for whatever beneficial purposes readers may conceive.

Wiel, Stephen; McMahon, James E.

2005-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

287

Standard  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Standard Standard rock For at least two generations, the depth of underground muon experiments has been reduced to depth in "standard rock." This is by definition the overburden of the Cayuga Rock Salt Mine near Ithaca, New York, where K. Greisen and collaborators made seminal observations of muons at substantial depths[1]. Ref. 1 says only "Most of the ground consists of shales of various types, with average density 2.65 g/cm 2 and average atomic number 11." Menon and Murthy later extended the definition: Z 2 /A = 5.5, Z/A = 0.5, and and ρ = 2.65 g/cm 2 [2]. It was thus not-quite-sodium. Lohmann[3] further assumed the mean excitation energy and density effect parameters were those of calcium carbonate, with no adjustments for the slight density difference. We use their definition for this most important material. (Extracted from D.E. Groom, N.V. Mokhov, and S.I. Striganov,

288

Mortgage Debt Overhang: Reduced Investment by Homeowners with Negative Equity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

[Do not cite without authors permission] Homeowners with negative equity have less incentive to invest in their property. They face a debt overhang: in expectation, some value created by equity investments in the property will go to the lender. Using rich microdata on household expenditures, I show that debt overhang plays an important role in household financial decisions. I find that homeowners with negative equity cut back substantially on mortgage principal payments, home improvements and home maintenance spending. At the same time, these households show no difference in durable spending on automobiles, furniture and home appliances, investments that are not attached to the home. The decline in mortgage principal payments is particularly large for negative equity homeowners in non-recourse states, where strategic default is more likely because lenders have limited claim on non-housing wealth. Debt overhang, rather than financial constraints, best explains this set of facts. Given the prevalence of negative home equity in todays housing market, the results suggest that home prices will grow more slowly in the future because of underinvestment. In addition, the potential deadweight loss due to home foreclosures is only part

Brian T. Melzer

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Energy-Efficiency Labels and Standards: A Guidebook for Appliances, Equipment, and Lighting - 2nd Edition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Department of Energy, Washington, D.C. , January. AvailableInstitute for Energy Conservation, Washington, D.C. EIA.Alliance to Save Energy, Washington, DC Appliance Standards

Wiel, Stephen; McMahon, James E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Estimate of Technical Potential for Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards in 13 Major World Economies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and 450 ppm scenarios in 2030. BUENAS Version 04-23-12 Revin 2030 (TWh) . 25Standard in 2030 (Mt CO 2 ) .. 27

Letschert, Virginie

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Buildings Energy Data Book: 7.6 Efficiency Standards for Lighting  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

Federal Regulations, Part 430 - Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products, Subpart C - Energy and Water Conservation Standards and Their Effective Dates. January 1, 2010....

292

Buildings Energy Data Book: 7.3 Efficiency Standards for Residential...  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

Federal Regulations, Part 430 - Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products, Subpart C - Energy and Water Conservation Standards and Their Effective Dates. January 1, 2010....

293

Analysis of Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards for Residential General Service Lighting in Chile  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Standard for Residential Lighting in Chile, 2010 USResidential General Service Lighting in Chile Virginie E.focus on a regulation for lighting that would ban the sale

Letschert, Virginie E.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Energy-Efficiency Labels and Standards: A Guidebook for Appliances, Equipment, and Lighting - 2nd Edition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Domestic Appliances and Lighting (EEDAL '03). Turin, Italy.Devoted to Appliance and Lighting Standards. Energy andAppliances, Equipment, and Lighting Murakoshi, C. 1999.

Wiel, Stephen; McMahon, James E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Projected Regional Impacts of Appliance Efficiency Standards for the U.S. Residential Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Consumer Products: Dishwashers, Clothes Washers, andsuch as clothes washers, dishwashers, showers, and faucets,in the home. Since dishwashers affected by the standards

Koomey, J.G.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Recommended Changes to Specifications for Demand Controlled Ventilation in California's Title 24 Building Energy Efficiency Standards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

was supported by the California Energy Commission PublicStandards Report to the California Energy Commission PublicLaboratory: Berkeley, CA. California Energy Commission, 2008

Fisk, William J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Energy-Efficiency Labels and Standards: A Guidebook for Appliances, Equipment, and Lighting - 2nd Edition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Development Bank International Energy Agency IEC IEE IEEEWorld Bank. 2004. World Bank GEF Energy Efficiency Portfoliomultilateral banks are increasingly recognizing that energy-

Wiel, Stephen; McMahon, James E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Carrots and Sticks: A Comprehensive Business Model for the Successful Achievement of Energy Efficiency Resource Standards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

current portfolio of DSM programs (Business-As-Usual (BAU)) as well as alternative scenarios that include different energy efficiency and demand

Satchwell, Andrew

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Energy-Efficiency Labels and Standards: A Guidebook for Appliances, Equipment, and Lighting - 2nd Edition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

technology and market information, analyses, and energyand Market Research of Chinas Energy Efficiency Informationenergy programs consumer education and information, current market

Wiel, Stephen; McMahon, James E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Consumer Life-Cycle Cost Impacts of Energy-Efficiency Standards...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1) space-conditioning annual energy consumption, 2) equipment efficiency, 3) average electricity price, and 4) marginal electricity price. All four of these inputs are used in...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mortgages efficiency standards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Energy-Efficiency Labels and Standards: A Guidebook for Appliances, Equipment, and Lighting - 2nd Edition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sectoral Trends in Global Energy Use a n d Greenhouse Gas1998. The Role of Building Energy Efficiency in ManagingDirectorate General for Energy. Danish Energy Management.

Wiel, Stephen; McMahon, James E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Energy-Efficiency Labels and Standards: A Guidebook for Appliances, Equipment, and Lighting - 2nd Edition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Establish a national appliance database, and develop aestablishing a national appliance database. This databasePan-European database for energy-efficient appliances for

Wiel, Stephen; McMahon, James E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Energy Efficiency Standards and Labels in North America: Opportunities for Harmonization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for harmonization are standby losses, uniform endorsementthe three countries. a) Standby losses: Relevant activities:order on energy efficient standby power devices. The order

Wiel, Stephen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Energy-Efficiency Labels and Standards: A Guidebook for Appliances, Equipment, and Lighting - 2nd Edition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Air-Conditioners. Appliance Efficiency 3(3). Bertoldi, P.Laboratory. Ginthum, M. 1995. Appliance. September. GfK.of sales of domestic appliances in Western Europe,

Wiel, Stephen; McMahon, James E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Energy-efficiency labels and standards: A guidebook for appliances, equipment and lighting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Chapter 9, government energy policies related to labelingany governments portfolio of energy-efficiency policies andfor government purchasing. Energy Programs and Policies that

McMahon, James E.; Wiel, Stephen

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Energy-Efficiency Labels and Standards: A Guidebook for Appliances, Equipment, and Lighting - 2nd Edition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

when discussing other government energy policies related toany governments portfolio of energy-efficiency policies andportfolio of energy policies is available to governments for

Wiel, Stephen; McMahon, James E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Realized and Projected Impacts of U.S. Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential and Commercial Appliances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

difference in national energy consumption between the baseand Energy Consumption .. 7 Product Prices and the Incremental Costs of Standards 10 Average Energy Savings per Unit .. 10 Nationaland Energy Consumption 14 Product Prices and the Incremental Costs of Standards 14 Average Energy Savings per Unit .. 15 National

Meyers, Stephen P.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Energy-Efficiency Labels and Standards: A Guidebook for Appliances, Equipment, and Lighting - 2nd Edition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

data on market energy-efficiency trends, sales volumes, andenergy-efficiency changes associated with labeling are difficult to separate from ongoing market trendsMarket Transformation Programs 10.4.2 Multinational Trends A CRONYMS G LOSSARY R EFERENCES I NDEX Energy-

Wiel, Stephen; McMahon, James E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

The Revision of the UK Pipe Insulation Standard: - Its Likely Effect on Building Energy Efficiency and the Uptake of Highly Efficient Insulation Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The UK Government has set an ambitious target of a 20% reduction in CO2 emissions by 2010 based on a 1990 baseline. Since buildings account for over 40% of current CO2 emissions, the revision of building and building services insulation standards has been a high priority. The previous UK pipe insulation standard (BS 5422 - 1990) was based on an economic thickness methodology that resulted in thickness requirements for different materials of unequal energy saving value. The 2001 revision (BS 5422 - 2001) not only addresses this imbalance by defining environmental thicknesses that deliver equivalent energy savings but also increases the potential to reduce CO2 emissions by up to 5 million tonnes per annum. To stimulate this potential, the UK Government has introduced a tax incentive under the existing Capital Allowances scheme to promote the widespread adoption of the new standard in both new build and, more importantly, in renovation projects. Just as importantly, the new standard highlights the true cost-effectiveness of highly efficient insulation materials such as phenolic foam. Phenolic foam had already gained more than a 15% market share in the UK pipe insulation market prior to the recent changes to the standard on the basis of its excellent thermal resistance and fire properties. However, previous economic thickness models had promoted the use of less efficient materials with a poorer level of energy saving being the result. With this loophole now closed, the phenolic foam industry believes that its product will receive the acclamation that it deserves - while helping the UK Government to meet its own CO2 targets.

Ashford, P.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Approaches to representing aircraft fuel efficiency performance for the purpose of a commercial aircraft certification standard  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Increasing concern over the potential harmful effects of green house gas emissions from various sources has motivated the consideration of an aircraft certification standard as one way to reduce aircraft C02 emissions and ...

Yutko, Brian M. (Brian Matthew)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Approaches to Representing Aircraft Fuel Efficiency Performance for the Purpose of a Commercial Aircraft Certification Standard  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Increasing concern over the potential harmful effects of green house gas emissions from various sources has motivated the consideration of an aircraft certification standard as one way to reduce aircraft CO2 emissions and ...

Yutko, Brian

2011-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

312

Energy-efficiency labels and standards: A guidebook for appliances, equipment and lighting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

61 standards, effect on energy useU.S. , 16 statistical12 refrigerator energy useU.S. , 16 energy cost reduction,Appliance Energy Conservation Act of 1987, U.S. Congress

McMahon, James E.; Wiel, Stephen

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Realized and Projected Impacts of U.S. Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential and Commercial Appliances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and carbon dioxide emissions in 2030 by 4% compared to thequads by 2020, and 63 quads by 2030. The standards will alsoamounts to $241 billion by 2030, and grows to $269 billion

Meyers, Stephen P.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Buildings Energy Data Book: 7.5 Efficiency Standards for Residential...  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

Part 430 - Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products, Subpart C - Energy and Water Conservation Standards and Their Effective Dates. January 1, 2010. 8,000-13,999 9.8...

315

2008 BUILDING ENERGY EffIcIENcY StaNDaRDS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, such as hot summer weekday afternoons, and values energy savings less during off peak periods. TDV gives more Standards, with the lighting and service hot water needs of residential buildings. Outdoor lighting

316

Economic implications of mandated efficiency standards for household appliances: an extension  

SciTech Connect

Increased energy prices will direct appliance purchasers away from the appliance that would be used to consume more energy, be it more or less efficient. The long-run decline in energy usage will necessarily exceed the short-run decline that results when the appliance stock is held fixed. That less efficient appliances could become more popular is not troubling to a conservation strategist who accepts the idea that a reduction in energy usage, not a reduction in the ownership of less efficient appliances, is the proper objective of a conservation program. 2 references, 2 figures.

Einhorn, M.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Buildings Energy Data Book: 7.4 Efficiency Standards for Commercial...  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

Warm Air Furnaces Effective for products manufactured on or after January 1, 1994 Thermal Efficiency (1) Gas-fired, with capacity 225,000 Btuhr Not less than 80%...

318

Energy-Efficiency Labels and Standards: A Guidebook for Appliances, Equipment, and Lighting - 2nd Edition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2003. Impacts of US federal energy efficiency stan- dardsthe U.S. Department of Energy (U.S. DOE). It was initiatedthe U.S. Department of Energy (U.S. DOE) was augmented by

Wiel, Stephen; McMahon, James E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Realized and Projected Impacts of U.S. Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential and Commercial Appliances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for an Energy- Efficient Economy, Washington DC. ReportU.S. Department of Energy, Washington, D.C. Koomey, J.G. ,U.S. Department of Energy. Washington, DC. Report No. LBNL-

Meyers, Stephen P.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Federal mandates and mortgage supply : regression discontinuity analyses of the community reinvestment and GSE Acts.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this dissertation, I provide evidence of the causal impact on mortgage supply of the Community Reinvestment Act (CRA) and the "Government-Sponsored Enterprises (GSE) Act", laws requiring banks and the GSEs (Fannie Mae ...

Bhutta, Neil

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mortgages efficiency standards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Revenue Costs and Incentive Effects of the Mortgage Interest Deduction for Owner-Occupied Housing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We draw on household-level data from the 2004 Survey of Consumer Finances to analyze how changes in the income tax deduction for mortgage interest would affect the distribution of income tax liabilities and the consumption ...

Poterba, James M.

322

Buildings Energy Data Book: 7.6 Efficiency Standards for Lighting  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

4 4 Lighting Standards for General Service Incandescent Lamps Prescribed by EISA 2007 General Service Incandescent Effective Date Maximum Wattage Rated Lumen Range Minimum Life Modified Spectrum General Service Incandescent Effective Date Maximum Wattage Rated Lumen Range Minimum Life By 2020, the minimum efficacy for general service incandescent will be 45 lm/W unless the Secretary of Energy has implemented another standard which saves as much or more energy than a 45 lm/W standard. Source(s): U. S. Government, Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007, January 2007, Section 321. 2014 43 563-787 1000 hrs. 2015 29 232-563 1000 hrs. 2012 72 1,118-1,950 1000 hrs. 2013 53 788-1,117 1000 hrs. 2014 43 750-1,049 1000 hrs. 2015 29 310-749 1000 hrs. 2012 72 1,490-2,600 1000 hrs. 2013 53 1,050-1,498

323

International Comparison of Energy Labeling and Standards for Energy Efficient and Green Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper discusses the approaches of the European Union, Germany and India to reduce GHG- emissions and mitigate climate change impacts from buildings through the establishment of energy performance standards and green building certifications. From the study of the roadmaps of the EU, Germany and India, it is quite clear that the EU and especially Germany are focussing on stringent mandatory energy standards towards 'nearly zero energy buildings'. On the other hand, India concentrates on green buildings with voluntary green building certification (GRIHA) to address the environmental challenges of the construction sector due to rapid urbanization in the country. The paper discusses the implication of mandatory vs. voluntary schemes and outlines the importance of combining the two approaches within an effective policy package. Finally, it discusses how the barriers of the implementation of energy standards and green buildings can be removed through social learning on effective policy packages.

Hennicke, P.; Shrestha, S.; Schleicher, T.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Projected Regional Impacts of Appliance Efficiency Standards for the U.S. Residential Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

saves more on her electricity bill with a high efficiencyBill Savings M 1995$ Incremental Costs M1995S Fuel End-use ElectricityElectricity Natural gas Distillate oil All Primary Energy Savings Petaioulw Savings MT-C Bill

Koomey, J.G.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency State Climate and Energy Program Technical Forum Energy Efficiency Resource Standards Background and Resources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Efficiency Resource Standards (EERS) establish a requirement for utilities (and/or other program administrators) to meet long-term, quantitative energy savings targets through a portfolio of energy efficiency (EE) programs. In doing so, EERS provide long-term clarity to resource planners and the EE marketplace, while allowing utilities (and/or other program administrators) flexibility in the design of the EE programs developed to meet the targets. EERS evolved from earlier processes and policies for determining investment levels in EE programs (i.e., Integrated Resource Planning and public benefits funds), and are now a major driver of rate-payer investment in energy efficiency 1. Although the underlying resources are different, the EERS policy is similar to a renewable electricity standard (RES), which requires utilities to generate a portion of electricity from renewable energy resources. An EERS complements other state EE policies such as building energy codes and weatherization initiatives, and can contribute to the goals of emission reductions and electricity reliability. As of December 2009, twenty-two states 2 had adopted an EERS. EERS in the electric sector are more common, but several states have also established an EERS for natural gas. EERS design details vary by state.

unknown authors

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Do homeowners increase consumption after the last mortgage payment? An alternative test of the permanent income hypothesis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The maturity date of a mortgage loan marks the end of monthly mortgage payments for homeowners. In the period after the last payment, homeowners experience an increase in their monthly disposable income that is equal to the average monthly mortgage payment. Our study interprets this event as an anticipated increase in income, and analyzes consumption behavior over the transition period. In particular, we test whether households smooth consumption as predicted by the rational expectation Life-Cycle/Permanent Income Hypothesis (Re-LC/PIH). We find that they do. Households do not alter nondurable goods consumption in the period following the last mortgage payment despite the increase in disposable income.

Brahima Coulibaly; Geng Li

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Appliance Energy Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Stove, washer, dryer, refrigerator, Energy Star Label Appliance Energy Standards Energy Efficiency Standard The Energy Efficiency Standards Group analyzes technical, economic, and...

328

Financial Impact of Energy Efficiency under a Federal Renewable Electricity Standard: Case Study of a Kansas "super-utility"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

estimates for two alternative energy efficiency portfolios (and benefits of alternative energy efficiency portfoliosand benefits of alternative energy efficiency portfolios

Cappers, Peter

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Financial Impact of Energy Efficiency under a Federal Renewable Electricity Standard: Case Study of a Kansas "super-utility"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and benefits of alternative energy efficiency portfoliosrequirements, and alternative energy efficiency portfolios).estimates for two alternative energy efficiency portfolios (

Cappers, Peter

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Credit Supply and House Prices: Evidence from Mortgage Market Segmentation ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that easier access to mortgage credit significantly increases house prices by using exogenous changes in the conforming loan limit as an instrument for easier credit supply and cheaper cost of credit. We find that houses that become eligible for financing with a conforming loan show an increase in house value of 1.1 dollars per square foot (for an average price per square foot of 224 dollars) and higher overall house prices controlling for a rich set of house characteristics. These coefficients are consistent with a local elasticity of house prices to interest rates below 6. In addition, loan to value ratios around the conforming loan limit deviate significantly from the common 80 percent norm, which confirms that it is an important factor in the financing choices of home buyers. In line with our interpretation, the results are stronger in the first half of our sample (1998-2001) when the conforming loan limit was more important, given that other forms of financing were less common and substantially more expensive.

Manuel Adelino; Antoinette Schoar; Felipe Severino; We Thank Viral Acharya; Gustavo Manso; Atif Mian; Sendhil Mullainathan; Chris Mayer; David Scharfstein; Mathew Slaughter; Jeremy Stein; Bill Wheaton

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Enforcement/certification program for appliance efficiency standards. Task I report  

SciTech Connect

The structure and features of selected certification programs were evaluated, their operational characteristics determined, and primary program problems and successes identified. An initial review of 50 certification programs in the Federal, state, and private sectors was performed, followed by a detailed review of 8 of the programs (EPA New Product noise; EPA Automobile Emissions, AHAM Room Air Conditioners; ARI Unitary Air Conditioners/Heat Pump; NHTSA Automobile Tire Safety; California Applicance Standards; Underwriters Laboratories Product Safety; and Ford's Quality-Assurance Program for Suppliers). Flow charts are presented to illustrate each program's structure and major characteristics. Matrices are developed to list the operating and control features of each program. Analyses of the 8 selected programs were performed to the degree necessary to develop and propose 5 potential approaches to an appliance certification/enforcement program (minimal intervention, strong certification control, strong enforcement audit, balanced certification and enforcement and strong enforcement remedies and deterrents). The approaches are documented in Section 3. The evaluation framework is described in Section 4, while a review of final test procedures and related public testimony are given in Section 5. (MCW)

1979-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

332

Potential Impact of Adopting Maximum Technologies as Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards in the U.S. Residential Sector  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy (US DOE) has placed lighting and appliance standards at a very high priority of the U.S. energy policy. However, the maximum energy savings and CO2 emissions reduction achievable via minimum efficiency performance standards (MEPS) has not yet been fully characterized. The Bottom Up Energy Analysis System (BUENAS), first developed in 2007, is a global, generic, and modular tool designed to provide policy makers with estimates of potential impacts resulting from MEPS for a variety of products, at the international and/or regional level. Using the BUENAS framework, we estimated potential national energy savings and CO2 emissions mitigation in the US residential sector that would result from the most aggressive policy foreseeable: standards effective in 2014 set at the current maximum technology (Max Tech) available on the market. This represents the most likely characterization of what can be maximally achieved through MEPS in the US. The authors rely on the latest Technical Support Documents and Analytical Tools published by the U.S. Department of Energy as a source to determine appliance stock turnover and projected efficiency scenarios of what would occur in the absence of policy. In our analysis, national impacts are determined for the following end uses: lighting, television, refrigerator-freezers, central air conditioning, room air conditioning, residential furnaces, and water heating. The analyzed end uses cover approximately 65percent of site energy consumption in the residential sector (50percent of the electricity consumption and 80percent of the natural gas and LPG consumption). This paper uses this BUENAS methodology to calculate that energy savings from Max Tech for the U.S. residential sector products covered in this paper will reach an 18percent reduction in electricity demand compared to the base case and 11percent in Natural Gas and LPG consumption by 2030 The methodology results in reductions in CO2 emissions of a similar magnitude.

Letschert, Virginie; Desroches, Louis-Benoit; McNeil, Michael; Saheb, Yamina

2010-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

333

Consumer life-cycle cost impacts of energy-efficiency standards for residential-type central air conditioners and heat pumps  

SciTech Connect

In support of the federal government's efforts to raise the minimum energy-efficiency standards for residential-type central air conditioners and heat pumps, a consumer life-cycle cost (LCC) analysis was conducted to demonstrate the economic impacts on individual consumers from revisions to the standards. LCC is the consumer's cost of purchasing and installing an air conditioner or heat pump and operating the unit over its lifetime. The LCC analysis is conducted on a nationally representative sample of air conditioner and heat pump consumers resulting in a distribution of LCC impacts showing the percentage of consumers that are either benefiting or being burdened by increased standards. Relative to the existing minimum efficiency standard of 10 SEER, the results show that a majority of split system air conditioner and heat pump consumers will either benefit or be insignificantly impacted by increased efficiency standards of up to 13 SEER.

Rosenquist, Gregory; Chan, Peter; Lekov, Alex; McMahon, James; Van Buskirk, Robert

2001-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

334

Recommended Changes to Specifications for Demand Controlled Ventilation in California's Title 24 Building Energy Efficiency Standards  

SciTech Connect

In demand-controlled ventilation (DCV), rates of outdoor air ventilation are automatically modulated as occupant density varies. The objective is to keep ventilation rates at or above design specifications and code requirements and also to save energy by avoiding excessive ventilation rates. DCV is most often used in spaces with highly variable and sometime dense occupancy. In almost all cases, carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) sensors installed in buildings provide the signal to the ventilation rate control system. People produce and exhale CO{sub 2} as a consequence of their normal metabolic processes; thus, the concentrations of CO{sub 2} inside occupied buildings are higher than the concentrations of CO{sub 2} in the outdoor air. The magnitude of the indoor-outdoor CO{sub 2} concentration difference decreases as the building's ventilation rate per person increases. The difference between the indoor and outdoor CO{sub 2} concentration is also a proxy for the indoor concentrations of other occupant-generated bioeffluents, such as body odors. Reviews of the research literature on DCV indicate a significant potential for energy savings, particularly in buildings or spaces with a high and variable occupancy. Based on modeling, cooling energy savings from applications of DCV are as high as 20%. With support from the California Energy Commission and the U.S. Department of Energy, the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory has performed research on the performance of CO{sub 2} sensing technologies and optical people counters for DCV. In addition, modeling was performed to evaluate the potential energy savings and cost effectiveness of using DCV in general office spaces within the range of California climates. The above-described research has implications for the specifications pertaining to DCV in section 121 of the California Title 24 Standard. Consequently, this document suggests possible changes in these specifications based on the research findings. The suggested changes in specifications were developed in consultation with staff from the Iowa Energy Center who evaluated the accuracy of new CO{sub 2} sensors in laboratory-based research. In addition, staff of the California Energy Commission, and their consultants in the area of DCV, provided input for the suggested changes in specifications.

Fisk, William J.; Sullivan, Douglas P.; Faulkner, David

2010-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

335

Potential Impact of Adopting Maximum Technologies as Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards in the U.S. Residential Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

appliance_standards/residential/heating_p roducts_fr_appliance_standards/residential/cac_heatp umps_new_buildings/appliance_standards/residential/fb_tsd_09 07.html

Letschert, Virginie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Financial Impact of Energy Efficiency under a Federal Renewable Electricity Standard: Case Study of a Kansas "super-utility"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2009. The 2009 State Energy Efficiency Scorecard. ACEEEof Ratepayer-Funded Energy Efficiency in the U.S.. Therenewable energy and energy efficiency into a sustainable

Cappers, Peter

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

National Energy Efficiency Evaluation, Measurement and Verification (EM&V) Standard: Scoping Study of Issues and Implementation Requirements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Actuarial Pricing Of Energy Efficiency Projects: Lessonsand Effectiveness of Energy Efficiency Programs, LBNL-Action Plan for Energy Efficiency 2007. Model Energy

Schiller, Steven R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

EnergyPlus Analysis Capabilities for Use in California Building Energy Efficiency Standards Development and Compliance Calculations  

SciTech Connect

California has been using DOE-2 as the main building energy analysis tool in the development of building energy efficiency standards (Title 24) and the code compliance calculations. However, DOE-2.1E is a mature program that is no longer supported by LBNL on contract to the USDOE, or by any other public or private entity. With no more significant updates in the modeling capabilities of DOE-2.1E during recent years, DOE-2.1E lacks the ability to model, with the necessary accuracy, a number of building technologies that have the potential to reduce significantly the energy consumption of buildings in California. DOE-2's legacy software code makes it difficult and time consuming to add new or enhance existing modeling features in DOE-2. Therefore the USDOE proposed to develop a new tool, EnergyPlus, which is intended to replace DOE-2 as the next generation building simulation tool. EnergyPlus inherited most of the useful features from DOE-2 and BLAST, and more significantly added new modeling capabilities far beyond DOE-2, BLAST, and other simulations tools currently available. With California's net zero energy goals for new residential buildings in 2020 and for new commercial buildings in 2030, California needs to evaluate and promote currently available best practice and emerging technologies to significantly reduce energy use of buildings for space cooling and heating, ventilating, refrigerating, lighting, and water heating. The California Energy Commission (CEC) needs to adopt a new building energy simulation program for developing and maintaining future versions of Title 24. Therefore, EnergyPlus became a good candidate to CEC for its use in developing and complying with future Title 24 upgrades. In 2004, the Pacific Gas and Electric Company contracted with ArchitecturalEnergy Corporation (AEC), Taylor Engineering, and GARD Analytics to evaluate EnergyPlus in its ability to model those energy efficiency measures specified in both the residential and nonresidential Alternative Calculation Method (ACM) of the Title-24 Standards. The AEC team identified gaps between EnergyPlus modeling capabilities and the requirements of Title 24 and ACMs. AEC's evaluation was based on the 2005 version of Title 24 and ACMs and the version 1.2.1 of EnergyPlus released on October 1, 2004. AEC's evaluation is useful for understanding the functionality and technical merits of EnergyPlus for implementing the performance-based compliance methods described in the ACMs. However, it did not study the performance of EnergyPlus in actually making building energy simulations for both the standard and proposed building designs, as is required for any software program to be certified by the CEC for use in doing Title-24 compliance calculations. In 2005, CEC funded LBNL to evaluate the use of EnergyPlus for compliance calculations by comparing the ACM accuracy test runs between DOE-2.1E and EnergyPlus. LBNL team identified key technical issues that must be addressed before EnergyPlus can be considered by the CEC for use in developing future Nonresidential Title-24 Standards or as an ACM tool. With Title 24 being updated to the 2008 version (which adds new requirements to the standards and ACMs), and EnergyPlus having been through several update cycles from version 1.2.1 to 2.1, it becomes crucial to review and update the previously identified gaps of EnergyPlus for use in Title 24, and more importantly to close the gaps which would help pave the way for EnergyPlus to be adopted as a Title 24 compliance ACM. With this as the key driving force, CEC funded LBNL in 2008 through this PIER (Public Interest Energy Research) project with the overall technical goal to expand development of EnergyPlus to provide for its use in Title-24 standard compliance and by CEC staff.

Hong, Tianzhen; Buhl, Fred; Haves, Philip

2008-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

339

1994 Building energy codes and standards workshops: Summary and documentation  

SciTech Connect

During the spring of 1994, Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL), on behalf of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Codes and Standards, conducted five two-day Regional Building Energy Codes and Standards workshops across the United States. Workshops were held in Chicago, Philadelphia, Atlanta, Dallas, and Denver. The workshops were designed to benefit state-level officials including staff of building code commissions, energy offices, public utility commissions, and others involved with adopting/updating, implementing, and enforcing state building codes in their states. The workshops provided an opportunity for state and other officials to learn more about the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct) requirements for residential and commercial building energy codes, the Climate Change Action Plan, the role of the U.S. Department of Energy and the Building Energy Standards Program at Pacific Northwest Laboratory, the commercial and residential codes and standards, the Home Energy Rating Systems (HERS), Energy Efficient Mortgages (EEM), training issues, and other topics related to the development, adoption, implementation, and enforcement of building energy codes. In addition to receiving information on the above topics, workshop participants were also encouraged to inform DOE of their needs, particularly with regard to implementing building energy codes, enhancing current implementation efforts, and building on training efforts already in place. This paper documents the workshop findings and workshop planning and follow-up processes.

Sandahl, L.J.; Shankle, D.L.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Financial Impact of Energy Efficiency under a Federal Renewable Electricity Standard: Case Study of a Kansas "super-utility"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Impacts of a 25-Percent Renewable Electricity Standard asand lower costs: Combining renewable energy and energyand I. Horowitz. 2009. Renewable portfolio standards and

Cappers, Peter

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mortgages efficiency standards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Forthcoming in Real Estate Finance Commercial Mortgage Backed Securitization in Singapore: The Challenges Ahead  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The success of Commercial Mortgage Backed Securitization (CMBS) market in the US and the internationalization of CMBS have significant impact on the real estate financing landscape in many Asian markets. Innovative structuring of real estate financing via the CMBS framework has been adopted by real estate investment trusts (REITs) in Singapore. In a mailed questionnaire conducted by this study to evaluate the feasibility of CMBS in Singapore, the results showed that 86 % of the respondents were positive on the potential of establishing a CMBS market in Singapore. Banks and finance companies are reluctant to sell the valuable commercial mortgage assets through CMBS because of the current excess liquidity in the market. The fear of disrupting the good relationships with their preferred clients is also another factor that hinders the sale of mortgages by the banks. On the demand side, investors would like to see better supporting services in credit protections, if they were to include CMBS in their portfolio. 83 % of the respondents were in favor of setting up a government sponsored secondary mortgage institution (SMI) to jumpstart a sustainable CMBS market.

Tien Foo Sing; Seow Eng Ong; Kar Hwa Ng

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Evaluation and Precaution of Risk on Rural Residential Mortgage Loan Insurance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The messuage and rural house is the most important estate of farmers possessed, and the guarantee of their rights of residence, which should be mainly protected by the country. However, the current running laws and regulations have limits on its transfer, ... Keywords: rural residential mortgage loan, capital requirement, characteristic agriculture development, precaution of risks

Li Nan; Liu Song

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

National Energy Efficiency Evaluation, Measurement and Verification (EM&V) Standard: Scoping Study of Issues and Implementation Requirements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Efficiency Programs: Resource acquisition, market transformation, informationEnergy efficiency resource acquisition programs, market transformation programs, informationEnergy efficiency and resource acquisition programs; market transformation programs; information

Schiller, Steven R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

1995 building energy codes and standards workshops: Summary and documentation  

SciTech Connect

During the spring of 1995, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) conducted four two-day Regional Building Energy Codes and Standards workshops across the US. Workshops were held in Chicago, Denver, Rhode Island, and Atlanta. The workshops were designed to benefit state-level officials including staff of building code commissions, energy offices, public utility commissions, and others involved with adopting/updating, implementing, and enforcing building energy codes in their states. The workshops provided an opportunity for state and other officials to learn more about residential and commercial building energy codes and standards, the role of the US Department of Energy and the Building Standards and Guidelines Program at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Home Energy Rating Systems (HERS), Energy Efficient Mortgages (EEM), training issues, and other topics related to the development, adoption, implementation, and enforcement of building energy codes. Participants heard success stories, got tips on enforcement training, and received technical support materials. In addition to receiving information on the above topics, workshop participants had an opportunity to provide input on code adoption issues, building industry training issues, building design issues, and exemplary programs across the US. This paper documents the workshop planning, findings, and follow-up processes.

Sandahl, L.J.; Shankle, D.L.

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

The low-rated CMBS market : mortgage REIT, financial innovation and policy lessons from the Asian and Russian financial crisis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As one of the most important financial innovations in 1990s, Commercial Mortgage-Backed Securities (CMBS) have provided significant amounts of financing for commercial real estate. However, when the Asian and Russian ...

Su, Yi, 1975-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Examining issuance and pricing of Commercial Mortgage Backed Securities during the financial crisis of 2007-2009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Changes in the issuance of Commercial Mortgage Backed Securities are examined and contrasted with market events and policy action during the financial crisis of 2007-2009. Additionally, a sample of investment-grade Commercial ...

Ellch, Michael L. (Michael Joseph)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Draft Environmental Assessment for Direct Final Rule, 10 CFR 434, "Energy Standards for New Federal Commercial and High-Rise High-Rise Multi-FamilyResidential Buildings" and 10 CFR 435, "Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Residential Low-Rise Re  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

"Energy "Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Commercial and High-Rise Multi-Family Residential Buildings" and 10 CFR 435, "Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Residential Low-Rise Residential Buildings" Baseline Standards Update (DOE/EA-1871) March 16, 2011 2 Environmental Assessment for Final Rule, 10 CFR 433, "Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Commercial and High-Rise Multi-Family Residential Buildings" and 10 CFR 435, "Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Residential Low-Rise Residential Buildings" Baseline Standards Update

348

Financial Impact of Energy Efficiency under a Federal Renewable Electricity Standard: Case Study of a Kansas "super-utility"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

efficiency investment. Energy Policy 37:774-777. Martinez deenergy-efficiency policy. Energy Policy 37:1529-1541. U.S.of article submitted to The Energy Policy Journal. The work

Cappers, Peter

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

National Energy Efficiency Evaluation, Measurement and Verification (EM&V) Standard: Scoping Study of Issues and Implementation Requirements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

efficiency/res_mv.aspx; Xcel:http://www.xcelefficiency.com/TX/COM/Xcel_CommercialSOPMVGuidelines_2010. pdf U.S.efficiency/res_mv.aspx Xcel:http://www.xcelefficiency.com/

Schiller, Steven R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Electric co-heating in the ASHRAE standard method of test for thermal distribution efficiency: Test results on two New York State homes  

SciTech Connect

Electric co-heating tests on two single-family homes with forced-air heating systems were carried out in March 1995. The goal of these tests was to evaluate procedures being considered for incorporation in a Standard Method of Test for thermal distribution system efficiency now being developed by ASHRAE. Thermal distribution systems are the ductwork, piping, or other means used to transport heat or cooling effect from the building equipment that produces this thermal energy to the spaces in which it is used. Furthering the project goal, the first objective of the tests was to evaluate electric co-heating as a means of measuring system efficiency. The second objective was to investigate procedures for obtaining the distribution efficiency, using system efficiency as a base. Distribution efficiencies of 0.63 and 0.70 were obtained for the two houses.

Andrews, J.W.; Krajewski, R.F.; Strasser, J.J.

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Estimate of Cost-Effective Potential for Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards in 13 Major World Economies Energy Savings, Environmental and Financial Impacts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Initiative Life-cycle Cost Analysis Canada and Mexico baseline energy consumption. Canadas and Mexicos marketsMexico minimum efficiency performance standard million tons (of CO 2 ) national equipment cost National Electric Manufacturers Association national energy

Letschert, Virginie E.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

National Energy Efficiency Evaluation, Measurement and Verification (EM&V) Standard: Scoping Study of Issues and Implementation Requirements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

End-Use Efficiency and Energy Services (EMEES) Consortium.National Association of Energy Service Companies), Fredprivate sector, energy services company (ESCO) industry;

Schiller, Steven R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

National Energy Efficiency Evaluation, Measurement and Verification (EM&V) Standard: Scoping Study of Issues and Implementation Requirements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

rebatesincentives/ief/ PJM Forward Market Operations 2010. "PJM Manual 18B: Energy Efficiency Measurement &Independent System Operator 13 and PJM Regional Transmission

Schiller, Steven R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Efficiency of Electric Motors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... the EEM program addresses testing the efficiency of electric ... 1 of Canadian Standards Association (CSA) Standard C390, 'Energy Efficient Test ...

2013-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

355

Potential Impact of Adopting Maximum Technologies as Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards in the U.S. Residential Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy (US DOE) has placed lighting andThe U.S. Department of Energy (U.S. DOE) has placed lightingfr_tsd.html U.S. Department of Energy - Energy Efficiency &

Letschert, Virginie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Technical support document: Energy efficiency standards for consumer products: Refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers including draft environmental assessment, regulatory impact analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Energy Policy and Conservation Act (P.L. 94-163), as amended by the National Appliance Energy Conservation Act of 1987 (P.L. 100-12) and by the National Appliance Energy Conservation Amendments of 1988 (P.L. 100-357), and by the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (P.L. 102-486), provides energy conservation standards for 12 of the 13 types of consumer products` covered by the Act, and authorizes the Secretary of Energy to prescribe amended or new energy standards for each type (or class) of covered product. The assessment of the proposed standards for refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers presented in this document is designed to evaluate their economic impacts according to the criteria in the Act. It includes an engineering analysis of the cost and performance of design options to improve the efficiency of the products; forecasts of the number and average efficiency of products sold, the amount of energy the products will consume, and their prices and operating expenses; a determination of change in investment, revenues, and costs to manufacturers of the products; a calculation of the costs and benefits to consumers, electric utilities, and the nation as a whole; and an assessment of the environmental impacts of the proposed standards.

NONE

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Fourteenth Semi-Annual Report to Congress on Appliance Energy Efficiency Rulemakings … Implementation Report: Energy Conservation Standards Activities  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Washington, DC 20585 Message from the Assistant Secretary I am pleased to provide you with the semi-annual Implementation Report on Energy Conservation Standards Activities of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). This report meets the requirements of Section 141 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT 2005) and Section 305 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA 2007). Because the reporting intervals and requirements are similar for the EPACT 2005 and EISA 2007 reports, DOE provides a consolidated report. DOE is required by EPACT 2005 and EISA 2007 to provide semi-annual implementation reports pertaining to the DOE's deadlines for issuance of new or amended energy conservation standards. The implementation reports include a summary of DOE's progress relative to an

358

OCTOBER 16, 2000The Policy Implications of Portfolio Choice in Underserved Mortgage Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Home ownership increases the incentive to maintain property and neighborhood, as well as decreasing the outflow of rents from low-income zones. However these benefits are not costless to homeowners. With a mortgage comes the possibility of default, the financial demands of maintenance, a reduction in alternate investment opportunities, an increased exposure to fluctuations in local economic conditions, and a drastic reduction in the liquidity of personal wealth. Recently, policy makers have sought to increase mortgage lending in traditionally underserved markets. In this paper we consider the effects of this policy in light of the risk and return of housing and the current tax treatment of the home mortgage deduction. We find housing to be a relatively poor asset class in which to invest the bulk of family wealth. Trends in housing suggest that a large percentage of homeowners who bought and sold within a five year horizon in the United State over the last twenty years lost money on the investment. Lowering the equity required to purchase a home does little to alleviate the problem. We show that the current tax code if anything encourages renting over buying and gentrification of low income housing markets. If the government wishes to encourage home ownership among low income families despite the risks then we argue that government agencies should share information about the risk and return of home ownership with its citizens. In addition, a direct subsidy through a tax credit may be both warranted and necessary to achieve the desired result. JEL Classification: R21Expanding homeownership will strengthen our nations families and communities, strengthen our economy, and expand this countrys great middle class. Rekindling the dream of homeownership for Americas working families can prepare our nation to embrace the rich possibilities of the twenty-first century.

William N. Goetzmann; Matthew Spiegel; William N. Goetzmann; Matthew Spiegel

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Acting Globally: Potential Carbon Emissions Mitigation Impacts from an International Standards and Labelling Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy efficiency standards for equipment: Additionalof Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling Programs, LBNLGlobal Potential of Efficiency Standards in the Residential

Letschert, Virginie E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Examples of Smart Grid Standards  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Examples of Smart Grid Standards. Hundreds of standards will be required for an efficient and effective smart grid. Historically ...

2013-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mortgages efficiency standards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Environmental Assessment for Final Rule, 10 CFR 433, "Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Commercial and Multi-Family High-Rise Residential Buildings" (DOE/EA-1918)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Environmental Assessment for Final Rule, 10 CFR 433, "Energy Environmental Assessment for Final Rule, 10 CFR 433, "Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Commercial and Multi-Family High-Rise Residential Buildings" (DOE/EA-1918) June 28, 2013 1 Environmental Assessment for Final Rule, 10 CFR 433, "Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Commercial and Multi-Family High-Rise Residential Buildings" (DOE/EA-1918) SUMMARY The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared this environmental assessment (EA) for DOE's Final Rule, 10 CFR Part 433, "Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Commercial and Multi-Family High-Rise Residential Buildings". The Final Rule updates the baseline standard in 10 CFR 433 to the latest private sector standard based on cost-effectiveness and DOE's determination that energy efficiency has

362

Environmental Assessment for Final Rule, 10 CFR 433, "Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Commercial and Multi-Family High-Rise Residential Buildings" (DOE/EA-1918)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Environmental Assessment for Final Rule, 10 CFR 433, "Energy Environmental Assessment for Final Rule, 10 CFR 433, "Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Commercial and Multi-Family High-Rise Residential Buildings" (DOE/EA-1918) June 28, 2013 1 Environmental Assessment for Final Rule, 10 CFR 433, "Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Commercial and Multi-Family High-Rise Residential Buildings" (DOE/EA-1918) SUMMARY The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared this environmental assessment (EA) for DOE's Final Rule, 10 CFR Part 433, "Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Commercial and Multi-Family High-Rise Residential Buildings". The Final Rule updates the baseline standard in 10 CFR 433 to the latest private sector standard based on cost-effectiveness and DOE's determination that energy efficiency has

363

Draft Environmental Assessment for Direct Final Rule, 10 CFR 434, Energy Standards for New Federal Commercial and High-Rise High-Rise Multi-FamilyResidential BuildingsŽ and 10 CFR 435, Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Residential Low-Rise Re  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 7 Environmental Assessment for Final Rule, 10 CFR 433, "Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Commercial and High-Rise Multi-Family Residential Buildings" and 10 CFR 435, "Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Residential Low-Rise Residential Buildings" (DOE/EA-1463) Environmental Assessment for Final Rule, 10 CFR 433, "Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Commercial and High-Rise Multi-Family Residential Buildings" and 10 CFR 435, "Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Residential Low-Rise Residential Buildings" (DOE/EA-1463) SUMMARY The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared this Environmental Assessment (EA) for DOE's Final Rule, 10 CFR 433, "Energy Efficiency Standards for

364

Carrots and Sticks: A Comprehensive Business Model for the Successful Achievement of Energy Efficiency Resource Standards Environmental Energy Technologies DivisionMarch 2011  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy efficiency resource standards (EERS) are a prominent strategy to potentially achieve rapid and aggressive energy savings goals in the U.S. As of December 2010, twenty-six U.S. states had some form of an EERS with savings goals applicable to energy efficiency (EE) programs paid for by utility customers. The European Union has initiated a similar type of savings goal, the Energy End-use Efficiency and Energy Services Directive, where it is being implemented in some countries through direct partnership with regulated electric utilities. U.S. utilities face significant financial disincentives under traditional regulation which affects the interest of shareholders and managers in aggressively pursuing cost-effective energy efficiency. Regulators are considering some combination of mandated goals ('sticks') and alternative utility business model components ('carrots' such as performance incentives) to align the utility's business and financial interests with state and federal energy efficiency public policy goals. European countries that have directed their utilities to administer EE programs have generally relied on non-binding mandates and targets; in the U.S., most state regulators have increasingly viewed 'carrots' as a necessary condition for successful achievement of energy efficiency goals and targets. In this paper, we analyze the financial impacts of an EERS on a large electric utility in the State of Arizona using a pro-forma utility financial model, including impacts on utility earnings, customer bills and rates. We demonstrate how a viable business model can be designed to improve the business case while retaining sizable ratepayer benefits. Quantifying these concerns and identifying ways they can be addressed are crucial steps in gaining the support of major stakeholder groups - lessons that can apply to other countries looking to significantly increase savings targets that can be achieved from their own utility-administered EE programs.

Satchwell, Andrew; Cappers, Peter; Goldman, Charles

2011-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

365

The effect of efficiency standards on water use and water heating energy use in the US: A detailed end-use treatment  

SciTech Connect

Water heating is an important end-use, accounting for roughly 16% of total primary energy consumption in the US residential sector. Recently enacted efficiency standards on water heaters and hot water-using equipment (e.g., dishwashers, clothes washers, showerheads, and faucets) will substantially affect the energy use of water heaters in the future. Assessment of current and future utility programs and government policies requires that regulators, resource planners, and forecasters understand the effects of these regulations. In order to quantify these impacts, this paper presents a detailed end-use breakdown of household hot and cold water use developed for the US Department of Energy. This breakdown is based on both previous studies and new data and analysis. It is implemented in a spreadsheet forecasting framework, which allows significant flexibility in specifying end-use demands and linkages between water heaters and hot water-using appliances. We disaggregate total hot and cold water use (gallons per day) into their component parts: showers, baths, faucets (flow dominated and volume dominated), toilets, landscaping/other, dishwashers, and clotheswashers. We then use the end-use breakdown and data on equipment characteristics to assess the impacts of current efficiency standards on hot water use and water heater energy consumption.

Koomey, J.G.; Dunham, C.; Lutz, J.D.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Carrots and Sticks: A Comprehensive Business Model for the Successful Achievement of Energy Efficiency Resource Standards Environmental Energy Technologies Division March 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Benefits and Costs of Aggressive Energy Efficiency Programspursuing cost-effective energy efficiency. Regulators arealso net of the costs of energy efficiency programs (e.g.

Satchwell, Andrew

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Adding value : an architect's retaliation against the mortgage industry and a computational investigation into do-it-yourself design-build  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis proposes a novel system for the design, fabrication, and assembly of the single-family home. Driven by the American mortgage crises of the early-20th Century, the proposal selects for its client-type the ...

Michaud, Dennis (Dennis Robert)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Consumer-products minimum energy-efficiency-standards program. Topical report on Subtask 3. 1. Evaluation of energy consumption savings of boost heaters in dishwashers  

SciTech Connect

An analysis of the energy conservation and life cycle cost benefits of boost heaters for dishwashers is presented to provide technical information to assist in determining whether to modify the dishwasher test procedure to include boost heaters. Two manufacturers are offering dishwashers which have an inlet water temperature requirement of 120/sup 0/F. Cleaning performance in these appliances is maintained with an electric coil in the sump of the dishwasher, which boosts the incoming water to its final temperature. Both manufacturers have petitioned DOE for exemption from efficiency standards, since current DOE test procedures give no credit for water heater energy savings. The evaluation shows boost heaters to be energy conserving for all conditions. The life cycle cost analysis indicates boost heaters are cost effective in all cases for homes with electric water heaters, and in most cases for homes having gas water heaters. Additionally the proposed standards for dishwashers will lower water consumption in 1985 model dishwashers such that boost heaters will become cost effective in all cases.

Not Available

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Environmental Assessment for Direct Final Rule, 10 CFR 434, Energy Standards for New Federal Commercial and High-Rise Multi-FamilyResidential BuildingsŽ and 10 CFR 435, Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Residential Low-Rise Residential Buildings"  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Proposed Rule, 10 CFR 433, Proposed Rule, 10 CFR 433, "Sustainable Design and Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Commercial and High-Rise Multi-Family Residential Buildings" and 10 CFR 435, "Sustainable Design and Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Residential Low-Rise Residential Buildings" (DOE/EA-1463) 2 SUMMARY The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared this Environmental Assessment (EA) for DOE's Proposed Rule, 10 CFR 433, "Sustainable Design and Energy Efficiency Standards for the Design and Construction of New Federal Commercial and High-Rise Multi-Family Residential Buildings" and 10 CFR 435, "Sustainable Design and Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Residential Low- Rise Residential Buildings". Section 305(a) of the Energy Conservation and Production

370

Environmental Assessment for Direct Final Rule, 10 CFR 434, Energy Standards for New Federal Commercial and High-Rise Multi-FamilyResidential BuildingsŽ and 10 CFR 435, Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Residential Low-Rise Residential Buildings"  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Proposed Rule, 10 CFR 433, Proposed Rule, 10 CFR 433, "Sustainable Design and Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Commercial and High-Rise Multi-Family Residential Buildings" and 10 CFR 435, "Sustainable Design and Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Residential Low-Rise Residential Buildings" (DOE/EA-1463) 2 SUMMARY The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared this Environmental Assessment (EA) for DOE's Proposed Rule, 10 CFR 433, "Sustainable Design and Energy Efficiency Standards for the Design and Construction of New Federal Commercial and High-Rise Multi-Family Residential Buildings" and 10 CFR 435, "Sustainable Design and Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Residential Low- Rise Residential Buildings". Section 305(a) of the Energy Conservation and Production

371

ENERGY EFFICIENCY STANDARDS FOR RESIDENTIALAND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in handbooks published by the Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE 1976; ITE 1992), and in May(1990 that the "fundamental equation" holds (which will be dealt with in detail in the next section), namely this becomes #12 the fundamental identity, or fundamental equation of traffic flow, its use has often exceeded the underlying

372

2008 BUILDING ENERGY EFFICIENCY STANDARDS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy values energy savings greater during periods of likely peak demand, such as hot summer weekday and service hot water needs of residential buildings. Outdoor lighting, including parking lots and garages

373

Methodology used in matched-pair audits designed to detect differential treatment in the mortgage lending pre-application process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Access to home mortgage loans has not been a dream equally realized in this country. Since the release of more detailed mortgage lending data, attention has been directed to loan approval differences across race. While denial rates for all races seemed to increase during the 1990s, the gap between minority and non-minority remained the same. This discussion looks at one particular method to identify discrimination at the pre-application stage of the lending process. The use of matched-pair audits is reviewed and a "pure" experimental design is developed. Practical application of the "pure" method is addressed while considering legal and cost concerns that may impair validity. Whether conducting discrimination audits for enforcement or market analysis, it is hoped that the concerns outlined within this discussion are addressed.

Haskin, Edward Arthur

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Estimate of Cost-Effective Potential for Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards in 13 Major World Economies Energy Savings, Environmental and Financial Impacts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lifetimes of Residential Appliances. HVAC&R Research 17,of High-Efficiency Appliances in the U.S. ResidentialIndian Households From Improved Appliance Efficiency. BUENAS

Letschert, Virginie E.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Carrots and Sticks: A Comprehensive Business Model for the Successful Achievement of Energy Efficiency Resource Standards Environmental Energy Technologies Division March 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and benefits of alternative energy efficiency portfolios viand benefits of alternative energy efficiency portfolios (well as alternative scenarios that include different energy

Satchwell, Andrew

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

AOCS: supporting international standards  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Trade standards improve efficiency of production and ease international commerce. They can also affect profitability. AOCS: supporting international standards inform Magazine algae algal AOCS biomass business chemistry cottonseed date detergents f

377

ASHRAE Standard 152 Spreadsheet | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ASHRAE Standard 152 Spreadsheet ASHRAE Standard 152 Spreadsheet ASHRAE Standard 152 quantifies the delivery efficiency of duct systems, based on factors including location,...

378

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

efficient signal modules can result in significant energy savings. Recent Updates | Standards | Test Procedures | Waiver, Exception, and Exemption Information | Statutory...

379

Comparison of Test Procedures and Energy Efficiency Criteria in Selected International Standards & Labeling Programs for Copy Machines, External Power Supplies, LED Displays, Residential Gas Cooktops and Televisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Efficiency Regulations: Standby Power Consumption. http://Management Corporation. 2011. e-Standby Program. http://formulas in addition to standby and off-mode. The other

Zheng, Nina

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Global residential appliance standards  

SciTech Connect

In most countries, residential electricity consumption typically ranges from 20% to 40% of total electricity consumption. This energy is used for heating, cooling, refrigeration and other end-uses. Significant energy savings are possible if new appliance purchases are for models with higher efficiency than that of existing models. There are several ways to ensure or encourage such an outcome, for example, appliance rebates, innovative procurement, and minimum efficiency standards. This paper focuses on the latter approach. At the present time, the US is the only country with comprehensive appliance energy efficiency standards. However, many other countries, such as Australia, Canada, the European Community (EC), Japan and Korea, are considering enacting standards. The greatest potential impact of minimum efficiency standards for appliances is in the developing countries (e.g., China and India), where saturations of household appliances are relatively low but growing rapidly. This paper discusses the potential savings that could be achieved from global appliance efficiency standards for refrigerators and freezers. It also could be achieved from global appliance efficiency standards for refrigerators and freezers. It also discusses the impediments to establishing common standards for certain appliance types, such as differing test procedures, characteristics, and fuel prices. A methodology for establishing global efficiency standards for refrigerators and freezers is described.

Turiel, I.; McMahon, J.E. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (US); Lebot, B. [Agence Francaise pour la Maitrise de l`Energie, Valbonne (FR)

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mortgages efficiency standards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Energy efficient data centers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Efficiency Energy Systems Integration What follows issystems approach (integration) Develop standards as well as guides Establish champion industry group (e.g. energysystems approach (integration) Develop standards as well as guides Establish champion industry group (e.g. energy

Tschudi, William; Xu, Tengfang; Sartor, Dale; Koomey, Jon; Nordman, Bruce; Sezgen, Osman

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Standard Work Specifications for Single-Family Home Energy Upgrades Summary (Fact Sheet), Guidelines For Home Energy Professionals, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Work Specifications Work Specifications for Single-Family Home Energy Upgrades Summary The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and numer- ous industry stakeholders developed the Standard Work Specifications for Single-Family Home Energy Upgrades to define the minimum requirements for high- quality residential energy upgrades. The Standard Work Specifications for Single-Family Home Energy Upgrades is the first of three documents that will be published in 2012 and 2013 as part of the Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals project. Specifications for manufactured housing and multifamily homes will also be available. DOE, NREL, and industry developed the Standard Work Specifications under the Weatherization Assistance Program, building on more than 30 years of experience

383

February 2013 Standards Actions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 3 Standards Actions Technical Standards Program Newsletter U . S . D E PA R T M E N T O F O ffi ce O f nuclear SaFety ENERGY inSide thiS iSSue * Featured DOE Technical Standards Activities * DOE Technical Standards Cost- Savings and Access Improvement Initiative * Domestic and International Nuclear Energy Voluntary Consensus Standards Needs * Nuclear Safety- Related Standards Activity Featured dOe technical StandardS activitieS DOE Technical Standards Cost-Savings and Access Improvement Initiative By Helen Todosow, Brookhaven National Laboratory The Department of Energy (DOE) Technical Standards Managers (TSM) are actively exploring ways to save the government and tax payers' money while at the same time significantly improving efficiencies in access and use of voluntary consensus

384

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Major Sources: Industrial, Commercial, and Institutional Boilers; Guidance for Calculating Efficiency Credits Resulting from Implementation of Energy Conservation Measures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this document is to provide guidance for developing a consistent approach to documenting efficiency credits generated from energy conservation measures in the Implementation Plan for boilers covered by the Boiler MACT rule (i.e., subpart DDDDD of CFR part 63). This document divides Boiler System conservation opportunities into four functional areas: 1) the boiler itself, 2) the condensate recovery system, 3) the distribution system, and 4) the end uses of the steam. This document provides technical information for documenting emissions credits proposed in the Implementation Plan for functional areas 2) though 4). This document does not include efficiency improvements related to the Boiler tune-ups.

Cox, Daryl [ORNL; Papar, Riyaz [Hudson Technologies; Wright, Dr. Anthony [ALW Consulting

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

The Oklahoma Field Test: Air-conditioning electricity savings from standard energy conservation measures, radiant barriers, and high-efficiency window air conditioners  

SciTech Connect

A field test Involving 104 houses was performed in Tulsa, Oklahoma, to measure the air-conditioning electricity consumption of low-income houses equipped with window air conditioners, the reduction in this electricity consumption attributed to the installation of energy conservation measures (ECMS) as typically installed under the Oklahoma Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP), and the reduction achieved by the replacement of low-efficiency window air conditioners with high-efficiency units and the installation of attic radiant barriers. Air-conditioning electricity consumption and indoor temperature were monitored weekly during the pre-weatherization period (June to September 1988) and post-weatherization period (May to September 1989). House energy consumption models and regression analyses were used to normalize the air-conditioning electricity savings to average outdoor temperature conditions and the pre-weatherization indoor temperature of each house. The following conclusions were drawn from the study: (1) programs directed at reducing air-conditioning electricity consumption should be targeted at clients with high consumption to improve cost effectiveness; (2) replacing low-efficiency air conditioners with high-efficiency units should be considered an option in a weatherization program directed at reducing air-conditioning electricity consumption; (3) ECMs currently being installed under the Oklahoma WAP (chosen based on effectiveness at reducing space-heating energy consumption) should continue to be justified based on their space-heating energy savings potential only; and (4) attic radiant barriers should not be included in the Oklahoma WAP if alternatives with verified savings are available or until further testing demonstrates energy savings or other benefits in this typo of housing.

Ternes, M.P.; Levins, W.P.

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Energy and Economic Impacts of U.S. Federal Energy and Water Conservation Standards Adopted From 1987 Through 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Effect of Efficiency Standards on Water Use and Water1989. Lamp Efficiency Standards for Massachusetts: AnalysisNational Efficiency Standards for Lamps, Motors, Showerheads

Meyers, Stephen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

ZIP-Code-Level Distributions of Real-Estate-Owned (REO) Properties during the U.S. Mortgage Crisis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

During the mortgage crisis, community developers, policymakers, and others have become increasingly concerned about the extent to which lender-owned homes, often called real-estate-owned or REO properties, have accumulated in their neighborhoods and communities. REO properties are usually vacant and, especially when geographically concentrated, can have destabilizing impacts on neighborhoods and communities. However, due to data challenges, little systematic research has been done on the intrametropolitan distributions of such properties, especially across different metropolitan regions. This paper describes the accumulation of REO within different parts of metropolitan areas as of November 2008. First, the urban-versus-suburban distribution of REO is found to vary significantly across metropolitan areas. In general, in traditionally weak-market metrosmany of which had substantial REO levels before the advent of the national mortgage crisisREO tend to be relatively concentrated in central cities. Conversely, in regions where REO accumulated more recently and in those with high central-city housing prices, REO tend to be somewhat more suburbanized. Second, while ZIP codes with high REO densities are disproportionately located in central cities, this pattern varies significantly across metropolitan areas. In particular, in the formerly hot-market regions where home values have declined rapidly, a large majority of ZIP codes with severe REO levels are suburban. Finally, among suburban ZIP codes, those with long commute times experienced larger increases in REO over the November 2006 to 2008 period than those with shorter commute times. The paper concludes with some broad implications for community development policy and planning. About the Author Dan Immergluck is a visiting scholar in community affairs at the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta and an

Foreclosed Homes; Dan Immergluck

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Energy Optimization Standard | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Last modified on October 10, 2012. Rules Regulations Policies Program Place Michigan Name Energy Optimization Savings Standard Incentive Type Energy Efficiency Resource Standard...

389

Linking Energy Efficiency and ISO: Creating a Framework for Sustainable Industrial Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

application of energy efficiency standards in China andfor Sustainable Industrial Energy Efficiency in China. Model for Industrial Energy Efficiency, In Proceedings of

McKane, Aimee; Perry, Wayne; Aixian, Li; Tienan, Li; Williams, Robert

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

NIST Global Standards Information China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of energy efficiency for cage three-phase high voltage induction motors. ... US-China Automotive Standards Workshop Mar 01-03, 2000 (Gaithersburg ...

391

Energy Efficiency in Western Utility Resource Plans: Impacts on Regional Resources Assessment and Support for WGA Policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy-efficiency programs, building & appliance standards, and market & priceenergy-efficiency programs, building & appliance standards, and market & priceenergy-efficiency programs, building & appliance standards, and market & price

Hopper, Nicole; Goldman, Charles; Schlegal, Jeff

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Report on Applicability of Residential Ventilation Standards in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Annual Book of ASTM Standards. Vol. 04.11. American SocietyCalifornia's Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential andSystems" Canadian Standards Association, Mississauga,

Sherman, Max H.; McWilliam, Jennifer A.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards: Guidance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Office HOME ABOUT ENERGY EFFICIENT TECHNOLOGIES RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS APPLIANCE & EQUIPMENT STANDARDS BUILDING ENERGY CODES EERE Building Technologies...

394

Measurements and Standards to Support Increased Energy ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements and Standards to Support Increased Energy Efficiency and Reduced Environmental Impact (+$13.3 million). Challenge. ...

2011-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

395

Additional appliance standards could significantly reduce ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Biofuels: Ethanol & Biodiesel ... their aggregated consumption is significant, making them a target for efficiency standards. In the Reference scenario, ...

396

Products and Building Services for Energy-Efficient Homes | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Products and Building Services for Energy-Efficient Homes Products and Building Services for Energy-Efficient Homes Products and Building Services for Energy-Efficient Homes April 26, 2012 - 10:37am Addthis Production builder Centex Homes built ultra-efficient model homes in San Ramon, California.’s Aventura and Lunaria community developments. Credit: Davis Energy Group. Production builder Centex Homes built ultra-efficient model homes in San Ramon, California.'s Aventura and Lunaria community developments. Credit: Davis Energy Group. Here you'll find a list of products and services for buyers and builders of new energy-efficient homes. Builder and Product Information Climate Zone Best Practices and Case Studies Building Technologies Program: Building America Energy-Efficient Mortgages Program U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development>

397

Products and Building Services for Energy-Efficient Homes | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Products and Building Services for Energy-Efficient Homes Products and Building Services for Energy-Efficient Homes Products and Building Services for Energy-Efficient Homes April 26, 2012 - 10:37am Addthis Production builder Centex Homes built ultra-efficient model homes in San Ramon, California.’s Aventura and Lunaria community developments. Credit: Davis Energy Group. Production builder Centex Homes built ultra-efficient model homes in San Ramon, California.'s Aventura and Lunaria community developments. Credit: Davis Energy Group. Here you'll find a list of products and services for buyers and builders of new energy-efficient homes. Builder and Product Information Climate Zone Best Practices and Case Studies Building Technologies Program: Building America Energy-Efficient Mortgages Program U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development>

398

Standards, Ethics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Standards, Ethics Ombuds Standards and Ethics Committed to the fair and equitable treatment of all employees, contractors, and persons doing business with the Laboratory. Contact...

399

Find Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

may not be available from IHS: AHRI standards - from the Air Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration Institute AISC standards - from the American Institute of Steel Construction...

400

EETD Assists in Analysis of Microwave Oven Energy Efficiency...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EETD Assists in Analysis of Microwave Oven Energy Efficiency Standard June 2013 The Department of Energy recently announced new energy efficiency standards for microwave ovens....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mortgages efficiency standards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

The Second US-China Energy Efficiency Forum: Energy Management...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Second US-China Energy Efficiency Forum: Energy Management Standards and Implementation The Second US-China Energy Efficiency Forum: Energy Management Standards and...

402

Texas-New Mexico Power Company - Nonresidential Energy Efficiency...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Texas-New Mexico Power Company - Nonresidential Energy Efficiency Standard Offer Program Texas-New Mexico Power Company - Nonresidential Energy Efficiency Standard Offer Program...

403

Strategic Standardization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Program Strategic Standardization Curriculum (CMGT 564 - 2010) ... com. Curriculum ks eport, 1992), Grading (Research paper, ...

2012-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

404

Hardness Standardization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... metallic products. NIST produces a variety of hardness Standard Reference Materials (SRMs) for industry. The NIST ...

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

405

Best Practices: Policies for Building Efficiency and Emerging...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Efficiency and Emerging Technologies Information about appliance standards, building energy codes, ENERGY STAR program and tax incentives for building efficiency....

406

Energy Efficiency Targets | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Targets Energy Efficiency Targets Eligibility Utility Program Information Maine Program Type Energy Efficiency Resource Standard In June 2009, Maine enacted the ''Act Regarding...

407

Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Energy Efficiency...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

efficient electric water heaters available, saving 50% to 60% over standard products. ENERGY STAR Qualified Products FEMP provides acquisition guidance and Federal efficiency...

408

National Energy Efficiency Evaluation, Measurement and Verification...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

National Energy Efficiency Evaluation, Measurement and Verification (EM&V) Standard: Scoping Study of Issues and Implementation Requirements Title National Energy Efficiency...

409

Electric Efficiency Standard (Indiana) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Heat pumps, Lighting, Lighting ControlsSensors, Motor VFDs, Refrigerators, Roofs, LED Exit Signs, Commercial Refrigeration Equipment, Food Service Equipment, Room Air...

410

Setting the Standard for Industrial Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

complete an in-depth energy audit and analysis to baselineof measures identified in the energy audit with a payback ofon energy management, energy audits and analysis, routines

McKane, Aimee; Williams, Robert; Perry, Wayne; Li, Tienan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (Colorado) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

equipment and processes, and to engage in demand response. The law provided minimum energy and demand savings targets but also authorized the Colorado Public Utilities...

412

Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (Minnesota) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and file it with the Energy Division of the Department of Commerce. Actual spending and energy savings must be reported on an annual basis. Waste heat recovery (converted into...

413

Energy Efficiency Resource Standards (Delaware) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DSIRE1 Summary In July 2009 the Delaware legislature enacted legislation creating energy savings targets for Delaware's investor-owned, municipal, and cooperative electric...

414

Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (California) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

reduction requirements for each of the three investor-owned electrical utilities and energy savings requirements for the state's three gas utilities. Electricity Savings...

415

Energy Efficiency Standard (Illinois) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Power Agency Act (IPAA) requires both electric and natural gas utilities establish annual energy-savings goals and reduce energy delivered and peak demand. Utilities are required...

416

Energy Efficiency Resource Standard | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bill 2021 of 2006. The bill calls for a 10% reduction in forecasted electricity consumption within 10 years. The bill also requires the California Energy Commission (CEC), the...

417

Energy Efficiency Standards for Distribution Transformers: The...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for Distribution Transformers: The Importance of the Load Factor Assessment from an Energy Saving Point of View. Speaker(s): Norma Anglani Date: April 10, 2001 - 12:00pm...

418

Energy Efficiency | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

July 11, 2011 Help Consumers Save Money by Saving Energy Setting the record straight on the 2007 lighting energy efficiency standards. July 11, 2011 Today's refrigerators have been...

419

Progress towards Managing Residential Electricity Demand: Impacts of Standards and Labeling for Refrigerators and Air Conditioners in India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Estimation - Indian Standards and Labeling Program. USEPA,and Energy Efficiency Standards in India. Indian Bureau ofof Energy-Efficiency Standards for Indian Refrigerators.

McNeil, Michael A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Energy and Economic Impacts of U.S. Federal Energy and Water Conservation Standards Adopted From 1987 through 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Effect of Efficiency Standards on Water Use and WaterEnergy Efficiency Standards for Equipment: Additionaland Water Conservation Standards Adopted From 1987 Through

Meyers, Stephen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mortgages efficiency standards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Energy and Economic Impacts of U.S. Federal Energy and Water Conservation Standards Adopted From 1987 Through 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

buildings/appliance_standards/residential/residential_of U.S. Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential andand Equipment Efficiency Standards. American Council for an

Meyers, Stephen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Metrics and Benchmarks for Energy Efficiency in Laboratories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Title 24 2005. Californias Energy Efficiency Standards forDepartment of Energy Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energyexplicit goals for energy efficiency in their facilities.

Mathew, Paul

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Appliance Efficiency Regulations | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Efficiency Regulations Efficiency Regulations Appliance Efficiency Regulations < Back Program Info State California Program Type Appliance/Equipment Efficiency Standards Provider California Energy Commission '' Note: The federal government has imposed and updated appliance efficiency standards through several legislative acts,* and now has standards in place or under development for 30 classes of products. In general, states which had set standards prior to federal action may enforce their own standards until the federal standards take effect. States that had not set standards prior to federal action must use the federal standards. This summary addresses (1) state appliance standards that will be in place until the federal standards take effect and (2) products for which the federal government is not currently developing an efficiency

424

Building Technologies Office: About Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Standards Standards Learn more about: History of Federal Appliance Standards How to Get Involved We rely on our appliances every day to cook and refrigerate our food, clean our clothes, heat our water, and perform many other daily tasks. But most of us take our appliances and the energy and water they use for granted. The operating cost of an appliance over its lifetime may be several times greater than its initial purchase price. Many consumers do not consider energy or water efficiency when making their purchases. But looking for an energy efficient model can save you money over the long run. Congress passed laws setting initial federal energy efficiency standards and establishing schedules for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to review and revise these standards. Standards benefit consumers by requiring that appliance manufacturers reduce the energy and water use of their products-and thus the costs to operate them.

425

March-April 2009 Standards Forum and Standards Actions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

March/April 2009 U.S. Department of Energy Technical Standards Program (http://www.hss.energy.gov/nuclearsafety/ns/techstds/) The Standards Forum And Standards Actions Technical Standards Program Manager's Note Welcome to the March/April 2009 edition of the Technical Standards Forum and Standards Actions. The Department of Energy (DOE) Technical Standards Program (TSP) continues to provide timely and efficient standards development services to the Department and its contractors. Recently, the TSP acquired the ability to perform title and abstract searches on Non-Government Standards (NGS) available in the private sector. This tool enables the TSP and its customers to identify available NGS that could support implementation of DOE requirements. Office of Management and Budget Circular No.

426

WELDING STANDARDS  

SciTech Connect

Hanford Atomic Production Operation specification guides and standards for welding and brazing are presented. Details of this manual are given in TID- 4100 (Suppl.). (N.W.R.)

1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

A better renewable portfolio standard  

SciTech Connect

It's time to throw out our RPS, throw out our Energy Efficiency Resource Standard, throw out all our definitions of eligible technologies, and replace them all with a single, clear incentive paid to any power plant that reduces our demand for fossil resources, pro rata with the fossil energy reduction: a Fossil Energy Reduction Standard. (author)

Casten, Sean

2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

428

EOS standards  

SciTech Connect

An approach to creating accurate EOS for pressure standards is described. Applications to Cu, Au, and Ta are shown. Extension of the method to high compressions using DFT is illustrated. Comparisons with modern functionals show promise.

Greeff, Carl W [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

429

(Terminology standardization)  

SciTech Connect

Terminological requirements in information management was but one of the principal themes of the 2nd Congress on Terminology and Knowledge Engineering. The traveler represented the American Society for Testing and Materials' Committee on Terminology, of which he is the Chair. The traveler's invited workshop emphasized terminology standardization requirements in databases of material properties as well as practical terminology standardizing methods. The congress included six workshops in addition to approximately 82 lectures and papers from terminologists, artificial intelligence practitioners, and subject specialists from 18 countries. There were approximately 292 registrants from 33 countries who participated in the congress. The congress topics were broad. Examples were the increasing use of International Standards Organization (ISO) Standards in legislated systems such as the USSR Automated Data Bank of Standardized Terminology, the enhanced Physics Training Program based on terminology standardization in Physics in the Chinese province of Inner Mongolia, and the technical concept dictionary being developed at the Japan Electronic Dictionary Research Institute, which is considered to be the key to advanced artificial intelligence applications. The more usual roles of terminology work in the areas of machine translation. indexing protocols, knowledge theory, and data transfer in several subject specialties were also addressed, along with numerous special language terminology areas.

Strehlow, R.A.

1990-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

430

Building Technologies Office: Standards and Test Procedures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

icon Public Meetings & Comment Deadlines Newsletter Recent Federal Register Notices Standards and Test Procedures The Department of Energy (DOE) establishes energy efficiency...

431

Sharyland Utilities- Commercial Standard Offer Program (Texas)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Sharyland Utilities offers its Commercial Standard Offer Program to encourage business customers of all sizes to pursue energy efficiency measures in their facilities. Incentives are paid directly...

432

Defining a Standard Metric for Electricity Savings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1991. The Potential for Electricity Efficiency Improvementswww.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/electricity/page/eia860.html>. FigureA STANDARD METRIC FOR ELECTRICITY SAVINGS Jonathan Koomey*,

Koomey, Jonathan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

ISO 50001-Energy Management Standard: Building Sustainability...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ISO 50001-Energy Management Standard: Building Sustainability into Energy Efficiency in the US and Globally NOTICE Due to the current lapse of federal funding, Berkeley Lab...

434

Standards Coordination Office Homepage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Standards Coordination Office. ... About the Standards Coordination Office (SCO). The Standards Coordination Office of the ...

2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

435

Standard Modeling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Standard no es suficiente Standard no es suficiente Avanzar Volver Principal ESTOY PERDIDO!!! Si bien el Modelo Standard proporciona una descripción muy buena de los fenómenos observados en los experimentos, todavía es una teoría incompleta. El problema es que el Modelo Standard no puede explicar la causa por la que existen algunas partículas, del modo en que lo hacen. Por ejemplo, aún cuando los físicos conocían las masas de todos los quarks, a excepción de la del quark top desde hace muchos años, no podían simplemente predecir en forma exacta la masa del top, sin utilizar evidencia experimental, dado que el Modelo Standard carece de un modelo matemático para calcular el patrón que siguen los valores de las masas de las partículas. Otra cuestión está relacionada con el hecho que existen tres pares de

436

Efficiency Measures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

recommended steam system energy efficiency measures Based on analyses implementation of steam system energy efficiency measures is driven primarily by cost metrics payback period...

437

Synchrophasor Standards  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Development & Support Development & Support Kenneth Martin martin@electricpowergroup.com June 27-28, 2013 Washington, DC DOE/OE Transmission Reliability Program 2 Introduction  Synchrophasor measurement systems widely deployed  Enable a new generation of power system monitor & control capability - Improved power system analysis & system models - Wide area, high-resolution visibility - Basis for a new generation of controls  Research challenge - standards to enable interoperability - Measurement performance - Communications  Research focus - facilitate development, testing, and validation of standards to promote interoperability Basic phasor concept well known . A phasor is the complex form of the AC waveform √2 A cos (2 π ω 0 t + φ) A e

438

Federal Appliance Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Federal Appliance Standards Federal Appliance Standards Federal Appliance Standards < Back Eligibility Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Cooling Appliances & Electronics Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Water Heating Program Info Program Type Appliance/Equipment Efficiency Standards Provider U.S. Department of Energy '''''Note: HR 6582 of 2012 made some modifications to the efficiency standards previously adopted for some appliance types. The bill did not adopt new standards for previously unregulated appliances, but made some minor changes to the requirements for walk-in coolers, walk-in freezers, water heaters, self-contained medium temperature commercial refrigerators, central air conditioners, and heat pumps. The bill also included some

439

FUTURE DIRECTIONS FOR THERMAL DISTRIBUTION STANDARDS  

SciTech Connect

This report details development paths for advanced versions of ASHRAE Standard 152, Method of Test for Determining the Design and Seasonal Efficiencies of Residential Thermal Distribution Efficiency. During the course of conversations within the ASHRAE committee responsible for developing the standard (SPC152P), three areas of development for Standard 152 were proposed: (1) extend the scope of the standard to include thermal comfort variables; (2) extend the scope of the standard to include small commercial buildings; and (3) improve the existing standard with respect to accuracy and economy of effort. Research needs associated with each of the three options are identified.

ANDREWS,J.W.

2003-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

440

National Institute of Standards and Technology Request for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... to energy efficiency, power quality, and smart grid integration. ... development of standards and practices for smart factory architecture, and the ...

2012-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mortgages efficiency standards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

ARM Standards Policy Committee Report  

SciTech Connect

Data and metadata standards promote the consistent recording of information and are necessary to ensure the stability and high quality of Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility data products for scientific users. Standards also enable automated routines to be developed to examine data, which leads to more efficient operations and assessment of data quality. Although ARM Infrastructure agrees on the utility of data and metadata standards, there is significant confusion over the existing standards and the process for allowing the release of new data products with exceptions to the standards. The ARM Standards Policy Committee was initiated in March 2012 to develop a set of policies and best practices for ARM data and metadata standards.

Cialella, A; Jensen, M; Koontz, A; McFarlane, S; McCoy, R; Monroe, J; Palanisamy, G; Perez, R; Sivaraman, C

2012-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

442

Safety Standards  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

US DOE Workshop US DOE Workshop September 19-20, 2012 International perspective on Fukushima accident Miroslav Lipár Head, Operational Safety Section M.Lipar@iaea.org +43 1 2600 22691 2 Content * The IAEA before Fukushima -Severe accidents management * The IAEA actions after Fukushima * The IAEA Action plan on nuclear safety * Measures to improve operational safety * Conclusions THE IAEA BEFORE FUKUSHIMA 4 IAEA Safety Standards IAEA Safety Standards F undamental S afety Principles Safety Fundamentals f o r p ro te c ti n g p e o p l e a n d t h e e n v i ro n m e n t IAEA Safety Standards Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material 2005 E dit ion Safety Requirements No. T S-R-1 f o r p ro te c ti n g p e o p l e a n d t h e e n v i ro n m e n t IAEA Safety Standards Design of the Reactor Core for Nuclear Power Plants

443

STANDARD REFERENCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The profession is strongly urged to use the standard reference on the financial framework in the EU, concerning endorsed IFRS in order to give a clear message to the market and to users of financial statements in and outside the EU.

unknown authors

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

AB 758 COMPREHENSIVE ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR EXISTING RESIDENTIAL AND NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 AB 758 COMPREHENSIVE ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR EXISTING RESIDENTIAL AND NONRESIDENTIAL homes energy efficient through Title 24 Part 6 Building Energy Efficiency Standards (Standards for Energy Efficiency in Existing Buildings (AB 549 Report), the Energy Commission made a series

445

Technical support document: Energy efficiency standards for consumer products: Room air conditioners, water heaters, direct heating equipment, mobile home furnaces, kitchen ranges and ovens, pool heaters, fluorescent lamp ballasts and television sets. Volume 1, Methodology  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Policy and Conservation Act (P.L. 94-163), as amended, establishes energy conservation standards for 12 of the 13 types of consumer products specifically covered by the Act. The legislation requires the Department of Energy (DOE) to consider new or amended standards for these and other types of products at specified times. DOE is currently considering amending standards for seven types of products: water heaters, direct heating equipment, mobile home furnaces, pool heaters, room air conditioners, kitchen ranges and ovens (including microwave ovens), and fluorescent light ballasts and is considering establishing standards for television sets. This Technical Support Document presents the methodology, data, and results from the analysis of the energy and economic impacts of the proposed standards. This volume presents a general description of the analytic approach, including the structure of the major models.

Not Available

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Efficient independent component analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Independent component analysis (ICA) has been widely used for blind source separation in many fields such as brain imaging analysis, signal processing and telecommunication. Many statistical techniques based on M-estimates have been proposed for estimating the mixing matrix. Recently several nonparametric methods have been developed but in-depth analysis on asymptotic efficiency has not been available. We analyze ICA using semiparametric theories and propose a straightforward estimate based on the efficient score function by using B-spline approximations. The estimate is asymptotically efficient under moderate conditions and exhibits better performance than standard ICA methods in a variety of simulations.

Chen, Aiyou

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Energy Standard  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Hall Hall October 2011 Analysis of Impacts of a Clean www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the United States Government. The views in this report therefore should not be construed as representing those of the U.S. Department of Energy or other Federal agencies. U.S. Energy Information Administration | Analysis of Impacts of a Clean Energy Standard as requested by Chairman Hall i Contacts This report, Analysis of Impacts of a Clean Energy Standard as requested by Chairman Hall, was prepared under the

448

Energy Standard  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Bingaman Bingaman November 2011 Analysis of Impacts of a Clean www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the United States Government. The views in this report therefore should not be construed as representing those of the U.S. Department of Energy or other Federal agencies. U.S. Energy Information Administration | Analysis of Impacts of a Clean Energy Standard as requested by Chairman Bingaman i Contacts This report, Analysis of Impacts of a Clean Energy Standard, as requested by Chairman Bingaman, was prepared

449

Standard Elements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   ASTM standards applicable to element-level testing of composites...Composite Plates Subjected to a Distributed Load Plate flexure D 6484 Open-Hole Compression Strength of Polymer Matrix Composites Open-hole compression strength Z 5370Z Compression After Impact Strength of Fiber-Resin Composites Compression after impact Z 7225Z Mixed Mode I-Mode II...

450

December 2007 Standards Forum and Standards Actions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Standards Forum & Standards Actions Page 1 December 2007 The Standards Forum & Standards Actions Page 1 December 2007 Continued on next page Technical Standards Program Manager's Note 1 Teaching Standards Development- Inspiring the Next Generation 2 The EPA Radiation Standard for Spent-Fuel Storage in a Geological Repository 3 Expanded Access to Hydrogen Codes and Standards 4 Really Following the Building Code 6 Technical Standards Manager Spotlight 7

451

Life-Cycle Cost Analysis of Energy Efficiency Design Options...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to consider whether to amend the existing energy efficiency standards for furnaces and boilers. A key factor in DOE's consideration of new standards is the economic impacts on...

452

EnergyPlus Boosts Building Efficiency with Help from Autodesk...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

in building energy-efficiency codes and standards, in voluntary rating programs like LEED and GreenGlobes, and energy-efficiency incentive programs. For decades, the Energy...

453

Notice of proposed rulemaking, Energy Efficiency and Sustainable...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

rulemaking, Energy Efficiency and Sustainable Design Standards for New Federal Buildings, 75 Fed. Reg. 29,933 (May 28, 2010) Notice of proposed rulemaking, Energy Efficiency...

454

Energy efficiency, innovation, and job creation in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Observed energy savings from appliance efficiency standards.117. Nadel, S. (2002). Appliance and equipment efficiencyM. (2006). What types of appliances and lighting are being

Roland-Holst, David

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

May 2007 Standards Actions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technical Technical Standards in Revision 1 DOE Technical Standards Posted in RevCom for TSP 1 DOE Technical Standards in Reaffirmation 1 DOE Technical Standards Change Notices 1 DOE Technical Standards Published 1 Non-Government Standards Actions 2

456

Standardization of user interfaces for lighting controls  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Standardization of human-machine interfaces has proved beneficial in a number of technology areas. Lighting control is a home and office technology that is of central importance in energy efficiency and could potentially benefit from standardization, ... Keywords: CIE, Concepts, HVAC, IEANA, IEC, ISO, Indicators, LED, Lighting controls, NEMA, SAE, Standards, Symbols, User interfaces

Bruce Nordman; Jessica Granderson; Kelly Cunningham

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Fort Devens: Cold Climate Market-Rate Townhomes Targeting HERS Index of 40, Harvard, Massachusetts (Fact Sheet), Building America Case Study: Efficient Solutions for New and Existing Homes, Building Technologies Office (BTO)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fort Devens: Cold Climate Fort Devens: Cold Climate Market-Rate Townhomes Targeting HERS Index of 40 Harvard, Massachusetts PROJECT INFORMATION Project Name: Devens Sustainable Housing Location: Harvard, MA Partners: Metric Construction www.metriccorp.com Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings www.carb-swa.com Size: 1,300 ft 2 plus basement Price: approx. $250,000 Year Completed: 2012 Climate Zone: Cold PERFORMANCE DATA HERS Index: 39 (before renewables) Projected Annual Energy Savings: $580 Incremental Cost of Energy Efficiency Measures: $7,804 Incremental Annual Mortgage increase: $503 Achieving aggressive energy efficiency targets requires tight coordination and clear communication among owners, designers, builders, and subcontrac-

458

Catalog of Standards  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Catalog of Standards. ... As of May 2013, the number of standards or standards components added to the Catalog of Standards stands at 56. ...

2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

459

National Energy Efficiency Evaluation, Measurement and Verification...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

65E ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY National Energy Efficiency Evaluation, Measurement and Verification (EM&V) Standard: Scoping Study of Issues and...

460

Piedmont Natural Gas- Commercial Equipment Efficiency Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Piedmont Natural Gas offers rebates to commercial customers for purchasing and installing high-efficiency natural gas tankless water heaters. Customers on the 202-Small General Service Standard...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mortgages efficiency standards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

White Paper on Energy Efficiency Status of Energy-Using Products in China (2011)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Standardization. White Paper Energy Efficiency Status ofbased on the White Paper - Energy Efficiency Status oftransformer). In White Paper Energy Efficiency Status of

Zhou, Nan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Opportunities to change development pathways toward lower greenhouse gas emissions through energy efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Difiglio, C. (2000). Energy efficiency and consumptiontheMcNeil, M. (2007). Energy-efficiency standards for electricfor advancing energy efficiency and renewable energy use in

Sathaye, Jayant

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Energy Efficiency Design Options for Residential Water Heaters: Economic Impacts on Consumers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Document (TSD): Energy Efficiency Standards for Consumerthe Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and RenewableSummer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings. Asilomar,

Lekov, Alex

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

White Paper on Energy Efficiency Status of Energy-Using Products in China (2011)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Kai. Motor System Energy Efficiency Practical Guide [M].products in China Energy efficiency standards and labelingWhite Paper Energy Efficiency Status of Energy- Using

Zhou, Nan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Assessment of Supply Chain Energy Efficiency Potentials: A U.S. Case Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

U.S. Building-Sector Energy Efficiency Potential. LawrenceMcMahon (2006). Energy Efficiency Standards for Equipment:Whitehead (2007). Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost

Masanet, Eric

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

White Paper on Energy Efficiency Status of Energy-Using Products in China (2011)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a huge energy efficient product market, causing the price ofof the energy efficient product market at a reasonable priceenergy efficiency standards without any difficulty. Meanwhile, the market price

Zhou, Nan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Role of Appraisals in Energy Efficiency Financing  

SciTech Connect

This research identifies barriers and challenges and current industry status including several key appraisal industry developments for identifying and valuing energy efficiency, critical obstacles to documenting and assessing the potential added value from energy efficiency improvements, current opportunities to support and standardize reporting on energy efficiency and to ensure proper valuation, and next steps towards enabling energy efficiency financing market transformation.

Doyle, V.; Bhargava, A.

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Consumption & Efficiency - Analysis & Projections - U.S. Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Alternative Fuels. Includes ... comparisons, analysis, and projections ... Wider use has coincided with much improved energy efficiency standards for AC ...

469

China Energy Group - Sustainable Growth Through Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Household Electrical Appliances Research Institute (CHEARI)and energy labeling for appliances, and assisting in theinstitutions Appliance Efficiency Standards Voluntary

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Server efficiency rating tool (SERT)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Server Efficiency Rating Tool (SERT) [1] has been developed by Standard Performance Evaluation Corporation (SPEC) [2] at the request of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) [3], prompted by concerns that US datacenters consumed almost 3% ... Keywords: benchmark, datacenter, energy efficiency, energy star, environmental protection agency, epa, power, rating tool, sert, server, spec

Klaus-Dieter Lange; Mike G. Tricker; Jeremy A. Arnold; Hansfried Block; Sanjay Sharma

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

National Green Building Standard Analysis  

SciTech Connect

DOE's Building America Program is a research and development program to improve the energy performance of new and existing homes. The ultimate goal of the Building America Program is to achieve examples of cost-effective, energy efficient solutions for all U.S. climate zones. Periodic maintenance of an ANSI standard by review of the entire document and action to revise or reaffirm it on a schedule not to exceed five years is required by ANSI. In compliance, a consensus group has once again been formed and the National Green Building Standard is currently being reviewed to comply with the periodic maintenance requirement of an ANSI standard.

NAHB Research Center, Upper Marlboro, Maryland

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Federal Information Processing Standards  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Federal Information Processing Standards Publications (FIPS PUBS). ... Replacement Standards for Withdrawn FIPS on Geographic Codes.

2013-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

473

Energy Efficient  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

www.efficientwindows.org July 2011 E nergy-efficient windows save heating and cooling energy and improve occupant comfort while allowing for downsized HVAC equipment....

474

March 2007 Standards Forum and Standards Actions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

March 2007 March 2007 Continued on next page TSP Manager's Notes 1 Domestic Programs (American National Standards) Overview 2 Aerospace Industry Advocates Standards Selection Based on Technical Merit, Not Semantics 3 Report Recommends Withdrawal of OMB Risk Assessment Bulletin 4 Technical Standards Manager Spotlight 5 Topical Committee Developments 6 Welcome Aboard the TSMC! 7 Standards Actions 8 DOE Standards Actions 8

475

The Greening of the Middle Kingdom: The Story of Energy Efficiency in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conservation Renewable Energy Law Government Procurement Program National Energy Efficient Design Standard for Public Buildings

Zhou, Nan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Standards and Test Procedures | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Standards and Test Procedures Standards and Test Procedures Standards and Test Procedures The Department of Energy (DOE) establishes energy efficiency standards for certain appliances and equipment, and currently covers more than 50 different products. Authority to undertake this effort was granted by Congress, and DOE follows a four phase process when reviewing existing and developing new standards. Each Product page provides information on recent updates, current standards and test procedures, waivers, exceptions, and exemptions, statutory authority, and historical information. For information on current Rulemakings, visit Current Rulemaking and Notices. Consumer Products Battery Chargers and External Power Supplies Ceiling Fans Central Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps Clothes Dryers

477

Commercial Building Codes and Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Codes and Standards Codes and Standards Commercial Building Codes and Standards Local code officials enforce building energy codes. Credit: iStockphoto Once an energy-efficient technology or practice is widely available in the market, it can become the baseline of performance through building energy codes and equipment standards. The Building Technologies Office (BTO) provides support to states and local governments as they adopt and monitor commercial building code as well as builders working to meet and exceed code. BTO also develops test procedures and minimum efficiency standards for commercial equipment. Building Energy Codes DOE encourages using new technologies and better building practices to improve energy efficiency. Mandating building energy efficiency by

478

State Energy Efficiency Policy Database | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Efficiency Policy Database Efficiency Policy Database Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: State Energy Efficiency Policy Database Agency/Company /Organization: American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Dataset Website: www.aceee.org/sector/state-policy Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/state-energy-efficiency-policy-databa Language: English DeploymentPrograms: Public-Private Partnerships Regulations: "Appliance & Equipment Standards and Required Labeling,Building Codes,Energy Standards" is not in the list of possible values (Agriculture Efficiency Requirements, Appliance & Equipment Standards and Required Labeling, Audit Requirements, Building Certification, Building Codes, Cost Recovery/Allocation, Emissions Mitigation Scheme, Emissions Standards, Enabling Legislation, Energy Standards, Feebates, Feed-in Tariffs, Fuel Efficiency Standards, Incandescent Phase-Out, Mandates/Targets, Net Metering & Interconnection, Resource Integration Planning, Safety Standards, Upgrade Requirements, Utility/Electricity Service Costs) for this property.

479

Status of European appliance standards  

SciTech Connect

The European Community (EC) recently commissioned a study of the impact of potential appliance standards on electricity consumption in the twelve EC nations. This study looks at refrigerators, freezers, dishwashers, clothes washers, and clothes dryers. The impact of minimum efficiency standards on electricity use over the time period from 1995--2010 is estimated. The results of this study were presented to the EC in September of 1991. Revisions were made to the draft report and final copies sent to all interested parties. The member nations of the EC will soon consider whether they wish to implement uniform energy efficiency standards that would take effect in 1995. The results of the study described above will be presented and the political considerations will be discussed. In addition, data describing the appliance market in Europe will be presented.

Turiel, I. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)); Lebot, B. (Agence de L'Environnement et de la Maitrise de L'Energie, Valbonne (France))

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

May 2006 Standards Actions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Standards Actions 1 Standards Actions 1 New Projects and Technical Standards in Revision 1 DOE Technical Standards Posted in RevCom for TSP 1 DOE Technical Standards in Reaffirmation 1 DOE Technical Standards Change Notices 1 DOE Technical Standards Published 1 Non-Government Standards Actions 1 American National Standards Institute (ANSI) 1 American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) 2 ASTM International 2 American Nuclear Society (ANS) 2 National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 2

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mortgages efficiency standards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

ISO Standards Documents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ISO/TC 34: Food products and TC 34/SC 17: Management systems for food safety ISO Standards Documents iso3rss ISO Standards Development ISO Standards Development

482

Perspectives on Energy Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 2 nd U.S.-China Energy Efficiency Forum Dr. Arun Majumdar Director Advanced Research Projects Agency- Energy U.S. Department of Energy May 6, 2011 Berkeley, California Perspectives on Energy Efficiency 2 | U.S. Department of Energy energy.gov Policy Framework R&D - Advance innovative technologies for appliances, equipment, and products - Integrated buildings approaches Market Priming - Pull new products, practices and services into market faster at scale - Technical support to ENERGY STAR / new higher tier Codes & Standards - Leverage market priming and advanced technologies - Broaden coverage and update frequently to capture savings opportunities Increasing Energy Efficiency (Metrics) Number of Unit Sales At least $23B net benefits Over 3.5 quads saved annually Over 2

483

Energy Efficient Commercial Technologies  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Commercial Technologies April 11th, 2012 Presented by: Warren Willits Energy Solutions Center (202) 824-7150 www.ESCenter.org Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Spring 2012 Jekyll Island, GA Todays Energy Efficient Technologies  Water Heating  Heating  Air Conditioning  Humidity Control  CHP / Cogeneration Atmospheric Direct Vent High Efficiency .7 EF Atmospheric water heaters now available 97 % efficient tank water heaters now available Traditional Tank Style Water Heating  Tankless Water Heaters  EF = .82 Standard Unit  EF = .97 Condensing  Solar Water Heaters  With H.E. gas back up systems Newer Water Heaters Water Heater Life Cycle Cost Life Cycle Costs Electric Tank Water Heater Gas Water Heater

484

September 2006 Standards Forum/Standards Actions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

September 2006 September 2006 TSP Manager's Notes 1 TEN YEARS AFTER THE NTTAA: 1996-2006 2 Committee on Nuclear Fuel Cycle Approves Two New Standards 4 Renewable Portfolio Standards Help Wind Industry to Sail 5 Technical Standards Manager Spotlight 5 World Standards Day 2006 in

485

Guide to efficient unitary cooling equipment  

SciTech Connect

The universe of unitary cooling equipment is a large one; these systems are used in nearly forty percent of the residential and commercial buildings in the United States. Unitary cooling equipment is made up of off-the-shelf units: factory-assembled single or split systems, including air-source heat pumps and air conditioners. The efficiency of this class of cooling equipment has increased steadily in recent years, driven primarily by government standards. Although most of the units have efficiencies near the minimum federal standards, a significant number of models beat the standards by 10 to 30 percent. However, the larger the system, the narrower the range of efficiencies available and the fewer models available in the most efficient categories. For the buyer and the utility, this report reveals where to get efficiency information on current products, and a recommended purchasing process. It also examines the ratings, standards, and programs that can expand the number of high-efficiency models available.

Gregerson, J.; George, K.L.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Low-Voltage Dry-Type Distribution Transformers Energy Conservation Standard Low-Voltage Dry-Type Distribution Transformers Energy Conservation Standard Sign up for e-mail updates on regulations for this and other products The Department of Energy (DOE) has completed a rulemaking to amend the current energy conservation standards for liquid-immersed, medium-voltage dry-type, and low-voltage dry-type distribution transformers. This activity is mandated by the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA). Recent Updates | Public Meeting Information | Submitting Public Comments | Milestones and Documents | Related Rulemakings | Statutory Authority | Contact Information Recent Updates DOE published a final rule regarding amended energy efficiency standards for liquid-immersed, medium-voltage dry-type, and low-voltage dry-type distribution transformers. 78 FR 23335 (April 18, 2013). The distribution transformers final rule was the DOE's first "negotiated rulemaking," conducted under the Federal Advisory Committee Act and the Negotiated Rulemaking Act.

487

State Appliance Standards (released in AEO2009)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

State appliance standards have existed for decades, starting with Californias enforcement of minimum efficiency requirements for refrigerators and several other products in 1979. In 1987, recognizing that different efficiency standards for the same products in different States could create problems for manufacturers, Congress enacted the National Appliance Energy Conservation Act (NAECA), which initially covered 12 products. The Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPACT92), EPACT2005, and EISA2007 added additional residential and commercial products to the 12 products originally specified under NAECA.

Information Center

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

488

April 2006 Standards Actions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 1 New Projects and Technical Standards in Revision 1 DOE Technical Standards Posted in RevCom for TSP 1 DOE Technical Standards in Reaffirmation 1 DOE Technical Standards Change Notices 1 DOE Technical Standards Published 1 Non-Government Standards Actions 1 American National Standards Institute (ANSI) 1 American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) 2 ASTM International 2 American Nuclear Society (ANS) 2 National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 2 DOE Technical Standards Program Document Status

489

Standard-Related Links  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Standard-Related Links. ... Association for Clinical Chemistry ACS - American Chemical Society ANSI - American National Standards Institute AOAC ...

2013-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

490

Standard Reference Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Inn, KGW, Liggett, WS, and Hutchinson, JMR (1984), "The National Bureau of Standards Rocky Flats Soil Standard Reference Material," Nuclear ...

491

Federal Technical Standards Workshop  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... missions, authorities, priorities, and budget resources.". ... of developing a strategic standards management plan. ... Director of NIST's Office of Standards ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

492

Conservation Standards Enforcement | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Conservation Standards Enforcement Conservation Standards Enforcement Conservation Standards Enforcement The Office of the General Counsel is working to ensure that manufacturers of consumer products and commercial equipment meet the nation's conservation standards. Through its new focus on enforcement, the Department of Energy will save money for consumers and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. "For the sake of our environment and our economy, it's critical that we enforce our energy efficiency regulations," said Scott Blake Harris, former DOE General Counsel. "Strong enforcement of the rules will encourage compliance and keep manufacturers who break the law from having a competitive advantage over manufacturers who play by the rules." DOE enforces the energy and water conservation standards

493

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards: Guidance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Office Office HOME ABOUT ENERGY EFFICIENT TECHNOLOGIES RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS APPLIANCE & EQUIPMENT STANDARDS BUILDING ENERGY CODES EERE » Building Technologies Office » Appliances & Equipment Standards About Standards & Test Procedures Implementation, Certification & Enforcement Rulemakings & Notices Further Guidance ENERGY STAR® Guidance and Frequently Asked Questions This webpage is designed to provide guidance and answer Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on the U.S. Department of Energy's appliance standards program. Guidance types span all covered products and covered equipment and cover such topics as: definitions, scope of coverage, conservation standards, test procedures, certification, Compliance and Certification Management System (CCMS), and enforcement. This website offers users an

494

(Energy Efficiency)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DECLARATION DECLARATION INTERNATIONAL PARTNERSHIP FOR ENERGY EFFICIENCY COOPERATION [IPEEC] Considering: Declarations of the Gleneagles, St. Petersburg and Heiligendamm Summits, which emphasize the need for global cooperation in the field of energy efficiency. Recognizing: 1. that improving energy saving and energy efficiency is one of the quickest, greenest, and most cost-effective way to address energy security, climate change, and ensuring economic growth; 2. that a comprehensive process has been launched to enable the full, effective and sustained implementation of the UNFCCC through long-term cooperative action, now, up to and beyond 2012, in order to reach an agreed outcome and adopt a decision at the COP 15. 3. that all countries, both developed and developing, share common interests for improving their