National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for morphology physical properties

  1. The Structure of the Local Interstellar Medium IV: Dynamics, Morphology, Physical Properties, and Implications of Cloud-Cloud Interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seth Redfield; Jeffrey L. Linsky

    2007-09-27

    We present an empirical dynamical model of the local interstellar medium based on 270 radial-velocity measurements for 157 sight lines toward nearby stars. Physical-parameter measurements (i.e., temperature, turbulent velocity, depletions) are available for 90 components, or one-third of the sample, enabling initial characterizations of the physical properties of LISM clouds. The model includes 15 warm clouds located within 15 pc of the Sun, each with a different velocity vector. We derive projected morphologies of all clouds and estimate the volume filling factor of warm partially ionized material in the LISM to be between ~5.5% and 19%. Relative velocities of potentially interacting clouds are often supersonic, consistent with heating, turbulent, and metal-depletion properties. Cloud-cloud collisions may be responsible for the filamentary morphologies found in ~1/3 of LISM clouds, the distribution of clouds along the boundaries of the two nearest clouds (LIC and G), the detailed shape and heating of the Mic Cloud, the location of nearby radio scintillation screens, and the location of a LISM cold cloud. Contrary to previous claims, the Sun appears to be located in the transition zone between the LIC and G Clouds.

  2. Effects of lattice distortion on the physical properties and surface morphology of magnetoresistive perovskite epitaxial films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yeh, Nai-Chang

    perovskite epitaxial films N.-C. Yeh, C.-C. Fu, and J. Y. T. Wei Department of Physics, California Institute

  3. Morphology of Gas Release in Physical Simulants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daniel, Richard C.; Burns, Carolyn A.; Crawford, Amanda D.; Hylden, Laura R.; Bryan, Samuel A.; MacFarlan, Paul J.; Gauglitz, Phillip A.

    2014-07-03

    This report documents testing activities conducted as part of the Deep Sludge Gas Release Event Project (DSGREP). The testing described in this report focused on evaluating the potential retention and release mechanisms of hydrogen bubbles in underground radioactive waste storage tanks at Hanford. The goal of the testing was to evaluate the rate, extent, and morphology of gas release events in simulant materials. Previous, undocumented scoping tests have evidenced dramatically different gas release behavior from simulants with similar physical properties. Specifically, previous gas release tests have evaluated the extent of release of 30 Pa kaolin and 30 Pa bentonite clay slurries. While both materials are clays and both have equivalent material shear strength using a shear vane, it was found that upon stirring, gas was released immediately and completely from bentonite clay slurry while little if any gas was released from the kaolin slurry. The motivation for the current work is to replicate these tests in a controlled quality test environment and to evaluate the release behavior for another simulant used in DSGREP testing. Three simulant materials were evaluated: 1) a 30 Pa kaolin clay slurry, 2) a 30 Pa bentonite clay slurry, and 3) Rayleigh-Taylor (RT) Simulant (a simulant designed to support DSGREP RT instability testing. Entrained gas was generated in these simulant materials using two methods: 1) application of vacuum over about a 1-minute period to nucleate dissolved gas within the simulant and 2) addition of hydrogen peroxide to generate gas by peroxide decomposition in the simulants over about a 16-hour period. Bubble release was effected by vibrating the test material using an external vibrating table. When testing with hydrogen peroxide, gas release was also accomplished by stirring of the simulant.

  4. Multigraft Copolymer Superelastomers: Synthesis Morphology, and Properties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Uhrig, David [ORNL; Schlegel, Ralf [Fraunhofer IWM, Freiburg, German; Weidisch, Roland [Polymer Research Institute, Dresden Germany; Mays, Jimmy [ORNL

    2011-01-01

    The synthesis of well-defined multigraft copolymers having a polydiene backbone with polystyrene side chains is briefly reviewed, with particular focus on controlling branch point spacing and branch point functionality. Use of living anionic polymerization and chlorosilane linking chemistry has led to the synthesis of series of materials having regularly spaced trifunctional (comb), tetrafunctional (centipede), and hexafunctional (barbwire) branch points. The morphologies of these materials were characterized by transmission electron microscopy and small-angle X-ray scattering, and it was found that the morphologies were controlled by the local architectural asymmetry associated with each branch point. Mechanical properties studies revealed that such multigraft copolymers represent a new class of thermoplastic elastomers (TPEs) with superior elongation at break and low residual strains as compared to conventional TPEs.

  5. PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF SPECTROSCOPICALLY CONFIRMED GALAXIES AT z {>=} 6. II. MORPHOLOGY OF THE REST-FRAME UV CONTINUUM AND Ly{alpha} EMISSION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jiang Linhua; Windhorst, Rogier A.; Cohen, Seth H.; Mechtley, Matthew; Egami, Eiichi; Fan Xiaohui; Dave, Romeel; Finlator, Kristian; Kashikawa, Nobunari; Ouchi, Masami; Shimasaku, Kazuhiro

    2013-08-20

    We present a detailed structural and morphological study of a large sample of spectroscopically confirmed galaxies at z {>=} 6 using deep Hubble Space Telescope (HST) near-IR broad-band images and Subaru Telescope optical narrow-band images. The galaxy sample consists of 51 Ly{alpha} emitters (LAEs) at z {approx_equal} 5.7, 6.5, and 7.0, and 16 Lyman break galaxies (LBGs) at 5.9 {<=} z {<=} 6.5. These galaxies exhibit a wide range of rest-frame UV continuum morphology in the HST images, from compact features to multiple component systems. The fraction of merging/interacting galaxies reaches 40%-50% at the brightest end of M{sub 1500} {<=} -20.5 mag. The intrinsic half-light radii r{sub hl,in}, after correcting for point-spread function (PSF) broadening, are roughly between r{sub hl,in} {approx_equal} 0.''05 (0.3 kpc) and 0.''3 (1.7 kpc) at M{sub 1500} {<=} -19.5 mag. The median r{sub hl,in} value is 0.''16 ({approx}0.9 kpc). This is consistent with the sizes of bright LAEs and LBGs at z {>=} 6 found in previous studies. In addition, more luminous galaxies tend to be larger and exhibit a weak size-luminosity relation, r{sub hl,in}{proportional_to}L {sup 0.14} at M{sub 1500} {<=} -19.5 mag. The slope of 0.14 is significantly flatter than those in fainter LBG samples. We discuss the morphology of z {>=} 6 galaxies with nonparametric methods, including the concentration, asymmetry, and smoothness system and the Gini and M{sub 20} parameters, and demonstrate their validity through simulations. We search for extended Ly{alpha} emission halos around LAEs at z {approx_equal} 5.7 and 6.5 by stacking a number of narrow-band images. We do not find evidence of extended Ly{alpha} halos predicted by cosmological simulations. Such halos, if they exist, could be weaker than predicted. Finally, we investigate positional misalignment between the UV continuum and Ly{alpha} emissions in LAEs. While the two positions are generally consistent, several merging galaxies show significant positional differences. This is likely caused by a disturbed interstellar medium distribution due to merging activity.

  6. Physical Properties of Gas Hydrates: A Review

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Gabitto, Jorge F.; Tsouris, Costas

    2010-01-01

    Methane gas hydrates in sediments have been studied by several investigators as a possible future energy resource. Recent hydrate reserves have been estimated at approximately 10 16 ? m 3 of methane gas worldwide at standard temperature and pressure conditions. In situ dissociation of natural gas hydrate is necessary in order to commercially exploit the resource from the natural-gas-hydrate-bearing sediment. The presence of gas hydrates in sediments dramatically alters some of the normal physical properties of the sediment. These changes can be detectedmore »by field measurements and by down-hole logs. An understanding of the physical properties of hydrate-bearing sediments is necessary for interpretation of geophysical data collected in field settings, borehole, and slope stability analyses; reservoir simulation; and production models. This work reviews information available in literature related to the physical properties of sediments containing gas hydrates. A brief review of the physical properties of bulk gas hydrates is included. Detection methods, morphology, and relevant physical properties of gas-hydrate-bearing sediments are also discussed. « less

  7. III 1111111111111111111111111111111111 Physical Properties Data Compilations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PB280·795 III 1111111111111111111111111111111111 Physical Properties Data Compilations Relevant under title: Physical properties data compilations relevant to energy storage. (Nat. stand. ref. data. SHEET NSRDS-NBS 61, Part 1 4. TITLE AND SUATITLE Physical Properties Data Compilations Relevant

  8. Morphology and Gas Adsorption Properties of Palladium-Cobalt-Based Cyanogels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gruner, Sol M.

    Morphology and Gas Adsorption Properties of Palladium-Cobalt-Based Cyanogels Rahul S. Deshpande Manuscript Received August 6, 2003 The morphology of cyanide-bridged palladium-cobalt (Pd-Co) gels

  9. Growth morphology and properties of metals on graphene

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Xiaojie; Han, Yong; Evans, James W.; Engstfeld, Albert K.; Behm, R. Juergen; Tringides, Michael C.; Hupalo, Myron; Lin, Hai-Qing; Huang, Li; Ho, Kai-Ming; Appy, David; Thiel, Patricia A.; Wang, Cai-Zhuang

    2015-12-01

    Graphene, a single atomic layer of graphite, has been the focus of recent intensive studies due to its novel electronic and structural properties. Metals grown on graphene also have been of interest because of their potential use as metal contacts in graphene devices, for spintronics applications, and for catalysis. All of these applications require good understanding and control of the metal growth morphology, which in part reflects the strength of the metal–graphene bond. The interaction between graphene and metal is sufficiently strong to modify the electronic structure of graphene is also of great importance. We will discuss recent experimental and computational studies related to deposition of metals on graphene supported on various substrates (SiC, SiO2, and hexagonal close-packed metal surfaces). Of specific interest are the metal–graphene interactions (adsorption energies and diffusion barriers of metal adatoms), and the crystal structures and thermal stability of the metal nanoclusters.

  10. Growth morphology and properties of metals on graphene

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Liu, Xiaojie; Han, Yong; Evans, James W.; Engstfeld, Albert K.; Behm, R. Juergen; Tringides, Michael C.; Hupalo, Myron; Lin, Hai -Qing; Huang, Li; Ho, Kai -Ming; et al

    2015-12-01

    Graphene, a single atomic layer of graphite, has been the focus of recent intensive studies due to its novel electronic and structural properties. With this study, metals grown on graphene also have been of interest because of their potential use as metal contacts in graphene devices, for spintronics applications, and for catalysis. All of these applications require good understanding and control of the metal growth morphology, which in part reflects the strength of the metal–graphene bond. The interaction between graphene and metal is sufficiently strong to modify the electronic structure of graphene is also of great importance. We will discussmore »recent experimental and computational studies related to deposition of metals on graphene supported on various substrates (SiC, SiO2, and hexagonal close-packed metal surfaces). Of specific interest are the metal–graphene interactions (adsorption energies and diffusion barriers of metal adatoms), and the crystal structures and thermal stability of the metal nanoclusters.« less

  11. E:FoodEngineering& PhysicalProperties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Page, John

    E:FoodEngineering& PhysicalProperties JFS E: Food Engineering and Physical Properties Ultrasonic pressure or under vacuum (to minimize bubble nucleation). Ultrasonic velocity and attenuation (nominally were evident in both air-mixed and vacuum-mixed doughs, suggesting that ultrasound was sensitive

  12. Soil Moisture Constants and Physical Properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Kauai, and Oahu. These soils represent 10 great soil groups commonly found in the State of HawaiiSoil Moisture Constants and Physical Properties of Selected Soils in Hawaii Teruo Yamamoto U S is a geologist with the Pacific Southwest Sta- tion's watershed management research project in Honolulu, Hawaii

  13. Effect of solvents on the chemical and physical properties of ionic polymer-metal composites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nemat-Nasser, Sia

    Effect of solvents on the chemical and physical properties of ionic polymer-metal composites Sia of solvent uptake, the morphology of the electrodes, the composition of the backbone ionomer, the geometry of the applied potential. With water as the solvent, the applied electric potential must be limited to less than

  14. Physical Properties of Hanford Transuranic Waste

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berg, John C.

    2010-03-25

    The research described herein was undertaken to provide needed physical property descriptions of the Hanford transuranic tank sludges under conditions that might exist during retrieval, treatment, packaging and transportation for disposal. The work addressed the development of a fundamental understanding of the types of systems represented by these sludge suspensions through correlation of the macroscopic rheological properties with particle interactions occurring at the colloidal scale in the various liquid media. The results of the work have advanced existing understanding of the sedimentation and aggregation properties of complex colloidal suspensions. Bench scale models were investigated with respect to their structural, colloidal and rheological properties that should be useful for the development and optimization of techniques to process the wastes at various DOE sites.

  15. The physical properties of microcellular composite foams

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nyitray, A.M.; Williams, J.M.; Onn, D.; Witek, A. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA); Delaware Univ., Newark, DE (USA). Applied Thermal Physics Lab.)

    1989-01-01

    Recently we reported on a method of preparing microcellular composite foams. In this procedure an open-celled polystyrene foam is prepared by the polymerization of a high-internal-phase water-in-oil emulsion containing styrene, divinylbenzene, surfactant, free-radial initiator and water. After drying, the cells of the polystyrene foam are then filled with other materials such as aerogel or resoles. The physical properties of these materials, e.g., surface area, density, thermal conductivity, and compressive strength will be presented. 10 refs., 1 fig., 3 tabs.

  16. Physical and Hydrodynamic Properties of Flocs Produced During Biological

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Physical and Hydrodynamic Properties of Flocs Produced During Biological Hydrogen Production Jian in continuous culture bioreactors used for hydrogen production, but the fractal and hydrodynamic properties imperme- able flocs are produced in biohydrogen reactors that have settling properties in reasonable

  17. HYDRAULIC AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF MCU SALTSTONE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dixon, K; Mark Phifer, M

    2008-03-19

    The Saltstone Disposal Facility (SDF), located in the Z-Area of the Savannah River Site (SRS), is used for the disposal of low-level radioactive salt solution. The SDF currently contains two vaults: Vault 1 (6 cells) and Vault 4 (12 cells). Additional disposal cells are currently in the design phase. The individual cells of the saltstone facility are filled with saltstone., Saltstone is produced by mixing the low-level radioactive salt solution, with blast furnace slag, fly ash, and cement or lime to form a dense, micro-porous, monolithic, low-level radioactive waste form. The saltstone is pumped into the disposal cells where it subsequently solidifies. Significant effort has been undertaken to accurately model the movement of water and contaminants through the facility. Key to this effort is an accurate understanding of the hydraulic and physical properties of the solidified saltstone. To date, limited testing has been conducted to characterize the saltstone. The primary focus of this task was to estimate the hydraulic and physical properties of MCU (Modular Caustic Side Solvent Extraction Unit) saltstone relative to two permeating fluids. These fluids included simulated groundwater equilibrated with vault concrete and simulated saltstone pore fluid. Samples of the MCU saltstone were prepared by the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) and allowed to cure for twenty eight days prior to testing. These samples included two three-inch diameter by six inch long mold samples and three one-inch diameter by twelve inch long mold samples.

  18. Determining physical properties of the cell cortex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Saha; M. Nishikawa; M. Behrndt; C. -P. Heisenberg; F. Jülicher; S. W. Grill

    2015-07-02

    Actin and myosin assemble into a thin layer of a highly dynamic network underneath the membrane of eukaryotic cells. This network generates the forces that drive cell and tissue-scale morphogenetic processes. The effective material properties of this active network determine large-scale deformations and other morphogenetic events. For example,the characteristic time of stress relaxation (the Maxwell time)in the actomyosin sets the time scale of large-scale deformation of the cortex. Similarly, the characteristic length of stress propagation (the hydrodynamic length) sets the length scale of slow deformations, and a large hydrodynamic length is a prerequisite for long-ranged cortical flows. Here we introduce a method to determine physical parameters of the actomyosin cortical layer (in vivo). For this we investigate the relaxation dynamics of the cortex in response to laser ablation in the one-cell-stage {\\it C. elegans} embryo and in the gastrulating zebrafish embryo. These responses can be interpreted using a coarse grained physical description of the cortex in terms of a two dimensional thin film of an active viscoelastic gel. To determine the Maxwell time, the hydrodynamic length and the ratio of active stress and per-area friction, we evaluated the response to laser ablation in two different ways: by quantifying flow and density fields as a function of space and time, and by determining the time evolution of the shape of the ablated region. Importantly, both methods provide best fit physical parameters that are in close agreement with each other and that are similar to previous estimates in the two systems. We provide an accurate and robust means for measuring physical parameters of the actomyosin cortical layer.It can be useful for investigations of actomyosin mechanics at the cellular-scale, but also for providing insights in the active mechanics processes that govern tissue-scale morphogenesis.

  19. Determining physical properties of the cell cortex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saha, A; Behrndt, M; Heisenberg, C -P; Jülicher, F; Grill, S W

    2015-01-01

    Actin and myosin assemble into a thin layer of a highly dynamic network underneath the membrane of eukaryotic cells. This network generates the forces that drive cell and tissue-scale morphogenetic processes. The effective material properties of this active network determine large-scale deformations and other morphogenetic events. For example,the characteristic time of stress relaxation (the Maxwell time)in the actomyosin sets the time scale of large-scale deformation of the cortex. Similarly, the characteristic length of stress propagation (the hydrodynamic length) sets the length scale of slow deformations, and a large hydrodynamic length is a prerequisite for long-ranged cortical flows. Here we introduce a method to determine physical parameters of the actomyosin cortical layer (in vivo). For this we investigate the relaxation dynamics of the cortex in response to laser ablation in the one-cell-stage {\\it C. elegans} embryo and in the gastrulating zebrafish embryo. These responses can be interpreted using ...

  20. Physical Properties of Hanford Transuranic Waste Sludge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berg, John C.

    2005-06-01

    Equipment that was purchased in the abbreviated year 1 of this project has been used during year 2 to study the fundamental behavior of materials that simulate the behavior of the Hanford transuranic waste sludge. Two significant results have been found, and each has been submitted for publication. Both studies found non-DLVO behavior in simulant systems. These separate but related studies were performed concurrently. It was previously shown in Rassat et al.'s report Physical and Liquid Chemical Simulant Formulations for Transuranic Wastes in Hanford Single-Shell Tanks that colloidal clays behave similarly to transuranic waste sludge (PNNL-14333, National Technical Information Service, U.S. Dept. of Commerce). Rassat et al. also discussed the pH and salt content of actual waste materials. It was shown that these materials exist at high pHs, generally above 10, and at high salt content, approximately 1.5 M from a mixture of different salts. A type of clay commonly studied, due to its uniformity, is a synthetic hectorite, Laponite. Therefore the work performed over the course of the last year was done mainly using suspensions of Laponite at high pH and involving high salt concentrations. One study was titled ''Relating Clay Rheology to Colloidal Parameters''. It has been submitted to the Journal of Colloid and INterface Science and is currently in the review process. The idea was to gain the ability to use measurable quantities to predict the flow behavior of clay systems, which should be similar to transuranic waste sludge. Leong et al. had previously shown that the yield stress of colloidal slurries of titania and alumina could be predicted, given the measurement of the accessible parameter zeta potential (Leong YK et al. J Chem Soc Faraday Trans, 19 (1993) 2473). Colloidal clays have a fundamentally different morphology and surface charge distribution than the spheroidal, uniformly charged colloids previously studied. This study was therefore performed in order to determine the applicability of the previous findings to the systems of interest. The yield stress of clay slurries was measured using the Physica MCR 300 purchased in year 1 of this project. The zeta potential of these systems was then measured using the Brookhaven Zeta PALS, also purchased in year 1. These two parameters were then plotted and compared with the Leong result. It was found that this system behaved in a non-DLVO manner. Leong found that colloidal slurry yield stress decreases with increased zeta potential which is consistent with the DLVO theory's assertion that particle attractions decrease as their electrostatic repulsion increases. Clay systems, however, show an increase in yield stress as zeta potential is increased. This is due to the nature of the charge distribution on the surface of clay particles. Clay particles are in the form of platelets.

  1. The correlation of epitaxial graphene properties and morphology of SiC (0001)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guo, Y.; Guo, L. W., E-mail: lwguo@iphy.ac.cn, E-mail: xlchen@iphy.ac.cn; Huang, J.; Jia, Y. P.; Lin, J. J.; Lu, W.; Li, Z. L. [Research and Development Center for Functional Crystals, Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Yang, R. [Nanoscale Physics and Devices Laboratory, Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Chen, X. L., E-mail: lwguo@iphy.ac.cn, E-mail: xlchen@iphy.ac.cn [Research and Development Center for Functional Crystals, Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Collaborative Innovation Center of Quantum Matter, Beijing 100190 (China)

    2014-01-28

    The electronic properties of epitaxial graphene (EG) on SiC (0001) depend sensitively on the surface morphology of SiC substrate. Here, 2–3 layers of graphene were grown on on-axis 6H-SiC with different step densities realized through controlling growth temperature and ambient pressure. We show that epitaxial graphene on SiC (0001) with low step density and straight step edge possesses fewer point defects laying mostly on step edges and higher carrier mobility. A relationship between step density and EG mobility is established. The linear scan of Raman spectra combined with the atomic force microscopy morphology images revealed that the Raman fingerprint peaks are nearly the same on terraces, but shift significantly while cross step edges, suggesting the graphene is not homogeneous in strain and carrier concentration over terraces and step edges of substrates. Thus, control morphology of epitaxial graphene on SiC (0001) is a simple and effective method to pursue optimal route for high quality graphene and will be helpful to prepare wafer sized graphene for device applications.

  2. Composition, morphology and mechanical properties of sputtered TiAlN coating

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Budi, Esmar; Razali, M. Mohd.; Nizam, A. R. Md.

    2014-03-24

    TiAlN coating was deposited on the tungsten carbide cutting tool by using DC magnetron sputtering system to study the influence of substrate bias and nitrogen flow rate on the composition, morphology and mechanical properties. The negatively substrate bias and nitrogen flow rate was varied from about ?79 to ?221 V and 30 sccm to 72 sccm, respectively. The coating composition and roughness were characterized by using SEM/EDX and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), respectively. The dynamic ultra micro hardness tester was used to measure the mechanical properties. The coating hardness increases to about 10-12 GPa with an increase of the negatively substrate bias up to ? 200 V and it tend to decrease with an increase in nitrogen flow rate up to 70 sccm. The increase of hardness follows the increase of Ti and N content and rms coating roughness.

  3. Synthesis and physical properties study on mixed metal oxynitrides 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Minghui

    2010-01-01

    Mixed metal oxynitrides have attracted attention due to their interesting chemical and physical properties in the past twenty years. In this thesis, four series of mixed metal oxynitrides have been investigated. The ...

  4. Investigating physical properties of novel carbon-based materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demir, Nasser Soliman, 1982-

    2004-01-01

    In this thesis, we present the results of studies of physical properties in three classes of novel carbon-based materials: carbon aerogels, single-walled carbon nanotubes, and high thermal conductivity graphitic foams. The ...

  5. Physical properties of seafloor sediments from the Russian Pechora Sea 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarmiento, Sergio Eduardo

    1996-01-01

    PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF SEAFLOOR SEDIMENTS FROM THE RUSSIAN PECHORA SEA A Thesis by SERGIO EDUARDO SARMIENTO Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1996 Major Subject: Oceanography PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF SEAFLOOR SEDIMENTS FROM THE RUSSIAN PECHORA SEA A Thesis by SERGIO EDUARDO SARMIENTO Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...

  6. 1.2 Electromagnetic (EM) properties Physical properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Guifu

    index: m = n' + in" relative dielectric constant: !r = !' + i!" · They are closely related: !r = m2 but, with different application: m for propagation !r for scattering #12;Refractive index propagation property Phase: kn'r Attenuation: kn"r! n = n'= c v Dielectric constant (permittivity) EM theory includes Maxwell

  7. Structural, Morphological and Optical properties of Sputtered Nickel oxide Thin Films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reddy, A. Mallikarjuna; Reddy, A. Sivasankar; Reddy, P. Sreedhara [Department of Physics, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati-517 502 (India)

    2011-10-20

    Nickel oxide (NiO) thin films have been deposited by dc reactive magnetron sputtering technique on glass substrates at various substrate temperatures in the range of 303 to 723 K. The influence of substrate temperature on structural, morphological, compositional and optical properties was analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) and spectrophotometer studies. The structural properties of the films were strongly influenced by the substrate temperature. From the microstructural studies, fine and uniform grains were grown with RMS roughness of 9.4 nm at substrate temperature of 523 K. The optical results indicated that the optical transmittance of the films increases with increasing substrate temperature up to 523 K, thereafter decreases. The optical band of the films increases with substrate temperature initially, thereafter decreased at higher temperatures. The Highest optical transmittance of 60 % and optical band gap of 3.82 eV was observed in the present study.

  8. Processing-structure-property relationships in electron beam physical vapor deposited yttria stabilized zirconia coatings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rao, D. Srinivasa; Valleti, Krishna; Joshi, S. V.; Janardhan, G. Ranga

    2011-05-15

    The physical and mechanical properties of yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) coatings deposited by the electron beam physical vapor deposition technique have been investigated by varying the key process variables such as vapor incidence angle and sample rotation speed. The tetragonal zirconia coatings formed under varying process conditions employed were found to have widely different surface and cross-sectional morphologies. The porosity, phase composition, planar orientation, hardness, adhesion, and surface residual stresses in the coated specimens were comprehensively evaluated to develop a correlation with the process variables. Under transverse scratch test conditions, the YSZ coatings exhibited two different crack formation modes, depending on the magnitude of residual stress. The influence of processing conditions on the coating deposition rate, column orientation angle, and adhesion strength has been established. Key relationships between porosity, hardness, and adhesion are also presented.

  9. Particulate emissions from commercial shipping: Chemical, physical, and optical properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    regulation of fuel quality or pollution emissions; domestic fleets serve coastal shipping, resource products of fuel combustion from shipping (ranked on a mass basis) include nitrogen oxides (NOX), sulfurParticulate emissions from commercial shipping: Chemical, physical, and optical properties Daniel A

  10. Automated Morphology Analysis of Nanoparticles 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Chiwoo

    2012-10-19

    The functional properties of nanoparticles highly depend on the surface morphology of the particles, so precise measurements of a particle's morphology enable reliable characterizing of the nanoparticle's properties. ...

  11. Morphological properties of pillared layered materials investigated by electron microscopy technique 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Navas de Mascianglioli, Margarit

    1993-01-01

    Scanning electron microscopy was used to investigate morphological features of a diverse range of pillared layered materials. Pillared layered zirconium phosphates, zirconium polyimine phosphonates and anion exchanger ...

  12. Investigating the morphological, mechanical and degradation properties of scaffolds comprising collagen, gelatin and elastin for use in soft tissue engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grover, C. N.; Best, Serena Michelle; Cameron, Ruth Elizabeth

    2012-07-09

    resistance and available cell binding motifs, other proteins or different collagen types may be added. The present study has explored the use of components such as gelatin or elastin and investigated their effect on the bulk physical properties...

  13. HYDRAULIC AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF SALTSTONE GROUTS AND VAULT CONCRETES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dixon, K; John Harbour, J; Mark Phifer, M

    2008-11-25

    The Saltstone Disposal Facility (SDF), located in the Z-Area of the Savannah River Site (SRS), is used for the disposal of low-level radioactive salt solution. The SDF currently contains two vaults: Vault 1 (6 cells) and Vault 4 (12 cells). Additional disposal cells are currently in the design phase. The individual cells of the saltstone facility are filled with saltstone. Saltstone is produced by mixing the low-level radioactive salt solution, with blast furnace slag, fly ash, and cement (dry premix) to form a dense, micro-porous, monolithic, low-level radioactive waste form. The saltstone is pumped into the disposal cells where it subsequently solidifies. Significant effort has been undertaken to accurately model the movement of water and contaminants through the facility. Key to this effort is an accurate understanding of the hydraulic and physical properties of the solidified saltstone. To date, limited testing has been conducted to characterize the saltstone. The primary focus of this task was to estimate the hydraulic and physical properties of three types of saltstone and two vault concretes. The saltstone formulations included saltstone premix batched with (1) Deliquification, Dissolution, and Adjustment (DDA) salt simulant (w/pm 0.60), (2) Actinide Removal Process (ARP)/Modular Caustic Side Solvent Extraction Unit (MCU) salt simulant (w/pm 0.60), and (3) Salt Waste Processing Facility (SWPF) salt simulant (w/pm 0.60). The vault concrete formulations tested included the Vault 1/4 concrete and two variations of the Vault 2 concrete (Mix 1 and Mix 2). Wet properties measured for the saltstone formulations included yield stress, plastic viscosity, wet unit weight, bleed water volume, gel time, set time, and heat of hydration. Hydraulic and physical properties measured on the cured saltstone and concrete samples included saturated hydraulic conductivity, moisture retention, compressive strength, porosity, particle density, and dry bulk density. These properties were determined following a minimum 28 day curing period. Additional testing of the three saltstone formulations was conducted following a minimum 90 day curing period. The compressive strength of each saltstone and concrete material was measured at approximately 14, 28, 56, and 90 days. Recommended hydraulic property values for each saltstone grout and the vault concretes are provided. The hydraulic properties provided for each material include the saturated hydraulic conductivity, dry bulk density, particle density, and porosity. In addition, water retention data are presented for each material along with the van Genuchten transport parameters as determined using the RETC code.

  14. Physical-chemical property based sequence motifs and methods regarding same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Braun, Werner (Friendswood, TX); Mathura, Venkatarajan S. (Sarasota, FL); Schein, Catherine H. (Friendswood, TX)

    2008-09-09

    A data analysis system, program, and/or method, e.g., a data mining/data exploration method, using physical-chemical property motifs. For example, a sequence database may be searched for identifying segments thereof having physical-chemical properties similar to the physical-chemical property motifs.

  15. Comparison of the crystalline structure, morphology, and magnetic properties of -phase Mn/Cu3Au,,100... ultrathin films by varying the growth temperature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Minn-Tsong

    Comparison of the crystalline structure, morphology, and magnetic properties of -phase Mn/Cu3Au behaviors in the crystalline structure, morphology, and magnetism. RT-Mn films reveal apparent layer the last de- cade, the pure - and -phase Mn films are prepared by epitaxial growth on single-crystalline

  16. PHYSICAL PROPERTY MEASUREMENTS OF LABORATORY PREPARED SALTSTONE GROUT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hansen, E.; Cozzi, A.; Edwards, T.

    2014-05-05

    The Saltstone Production Facility (SPF) built two new Saltstone Disposal Units (SDU), SDU 3 and SDU 5, in 2013. The variable frequency drive (VFD) for the grout transfer hose pump tripped due to high current demand by the motor during the initial radioactive saltstone transfer to SDU 5B on 12/5/2013. This was not observed during clean cap processing on July 5, 2013 to SDU 3A, which is a slightly longer distance from the SPF than is SDU 5B. Saltstone Design Authority (SDA) is evaluating the grout pump performance and capabilities to transfer the grout processed in SPF to SDU 3/5. To assist in this evaluation, grout physical properties are required. At this time, there are no rheological data from the actual SPF so the properties of laboratory prepared samples using simulated salt solution or Tank 50 salt solution will be measured. The physical properties of grout prepared in the laboratory with de-ionized water (DI) and salt solutions were obtained at 0.60 and 0.59 water to premix (W/P) ratios, respectively. The yield stress of the DI grout was greater than any salt grout. The plastic viscosity of the DI grout was lower than all of the salt grouts (including salt grout with admixture). When these physical data were used to determine the pressure drop and fluid horsepower for steady state conditions, the salt grouts without admixture addition required a higher pressure drop and higher fluid horsepower to transport. When 0.00076 g Daratard 17/g premix was added, both the pressure drop and fluid horsepower were below that of the DI grout. Higher concentrations of Daratard 17 further reduced the pressure drop and fluid horsepower. The uncertainty in the single point Bingham Plastic parameters is + 4% of the reported values and is the bounding uncertainty. Two different mechanical agitator mixing protocols were followed for the simulant salt grout, one having a total mixing time of three minutes and the other having a time of 10 minutes. The Bingham Plastic parameters were essentially the same for the salt grout without admixture. When Daratard 17 was added, the Bingham Plastic yield stress increased for the 10 minute mix. The simulant salt used in this task had similar physical properties of the Tank 50 3Q13 salt grout and is recommended for future use, if the salt solution in Tank 50 does not change. The design basis physical properties used to size the pumps and mixers at SPF were obtained from DPST-85-312. The grouts characterized in this report are bounded by the design basis density and Bingham Plastic yield stress. The opposite is true for the plastic viscosity. Steady state pressure drop calculations were performed for the design basis values using the flow rate for the clean cap and salt grouts and they bound the pressure drop of the grouts characterized in this report. A comparison of the lab prepared samples to PI ProcessBook data, specifically average pressure drop, indicate that the lab prepared samples are more viscous in nature than what is processed in the facility. This difference could be due to the applied shear rates which could be lower in the lab as compared to the facility and that fact the SPF added flush water, making this comparison more difficult. A perfunctory review of the PI ProcessBook data was discussed. It may be possible that the frequency that the distributed control system alters the grout pump speed to maintain grout hopper volume can negatively affect the efficiency of the grout pump.

  17. Physical properties of naked DNA influence nucleosome positioning and correlate with transcription start and termination sites in yeast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deniz, Özgen; Flores, Oscar; Battistini, Federica; Pérez, Alberto; Soler-López, Montserrat; Orozco, Modesto

    2011-01-01

    al. : Physical properties of naked DNA influence nucleosomeAccess Physical properties of naked DNA influence nucleosomeelusive. Results: Naked (histone-free) and nucleosomal DNA

  18. Computational Studies of Physical Properties of Boron Carbide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lizhi Ouyang

    2011-09-30

    The overall goal is to provide valuable insight in to the mechanisms and processes that could lead to better engineering the widely used boron carbide which could play an important role in current plight towards greener energy. Carbon distribution in boron carbide, which has been difficult to retrieve from experimental methods, is critical to our understanding of its structure-properties relation. For modeling disorders in boron carbide, we implemented a first principles method based on supercell approach within our G(P,T) package. The supercell approach was applied to boron carbide to determine its carbon distribution. Our results reveal that carbon prefers to occupy the end sites of the 3-atom chain in boron carbide and further carbon atoms will distribute mainly on the equatorial sites with a small percentage on the 3-atom chains and the apex sites. Supercell approach was also applied to study mechanical properties of boron carbide under uniaxial load. We found that uniaxial load can lead to amorphization. Other physical properties of boron carbide were calculated using the G(P,T) package.

  19. A morphology of consolidation : spatial form and physical change in an American suburb

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seppanen, Brent

    1983-01-01

    This thesis is an exploration and analysis of the spatial form and structure of physical change within an American suburb. Typified as middle class, residential, and single family, one finds in such settings detached one ...

  20. Role of sonic energy on growth morphology and optical properties of ZnO:S nanostructures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Panda, Nihar Ranjan, E-mail: niharphysics@yahoo.co.in; Nayak, Pratibindhya [School of Physics, Sambalpur University, Jyoti Vihar, Burla-768019, Odisha (India); Acharya, Bhabani Shankar [C.V. Raman College of Engineering, Bhubaneswar-752054, Odisha (India)

    2014-04-24

    ZnO nanopowders doped with sulphur were prepared by sonochemical method. The input power of ultrasound was varied as 40%, 50% and 60% of the maximum power (375 W) in both continuous and pulsed mode. XRD results show the average size of the nanoparticles is the least for those prepared with 50% input power as well as the micro-strain. FESEM studies showed the formation of nanorods clubbed together to form flower like structure for these samples. In rest of the cases, no definite morphology was obtained. High resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) reveals the formation of nanorods oriented along c-axis for those samples prepared with 50% input power. No cavitation at 40% and excessive dissolution at 60% may lead to this type of morphology. Absorption studies showed high absorbance for sulphur doped samples but this was highest for the samples prepared with 60% input power.

  1. Physical and mechanical properties of bituminous mixtures containing oil shales

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Katamine, N.M.

    2000-04-01

    Rutting of bituminous surfaces on the Jordanian highways is a recurring problem. Highway authorities are exploring the use of extracted shale oil and oil shale fillers, which are abundant in Jordan. The main objectives of this research are to investigate the rheological properties of shale oil binders (conventional binder with various percentages of shale oil), in comparison with a conventional binder, and to investigate the ability of mixes to resist deformation. The latter is done by considering three wearing course mixes containing three different samples of oil shale fillers--which contained three different oil percentages--together with a standard mixture containing limestone filler. The Marshall design method and the immersion wheel tracking machine were adopted. It was concluded that the shale oil binders displayed inconsistent physical properties and therefore should be treated before being used. The oil shale fillers have provided mixes with higher ability to resist deformation than the standard mix, as measured by the Marshall quotients and the wheel tracking machine. The higher the percentages of oil in the oil shale fillers, the lower the ability of the mixes to resist deformation.

  2. Field Emission Properties of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes with a Variety of Emitter-Morphologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maruyama, Shigeo

    1 Field Emission Properties of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes with a Variety of Emitter@chemsys.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp Field emission properties of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs), which have been prepared through. Protrusive bundles at the top surface of samples act selectively as emission sites. The number of emission

  3. Photovoltaic properties and morphology of organic solar cells based on liquid-crystal semiconducting polymer with additive

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Suzuki, Atsushi; Zushi, Masahito; Suzuki, Hisato; Ogahara, Shinichi; Akiyama, Tsuyoshi; Oku, Takeo

    2014-02-20

    Bulk heterojunction organic solar cell based on liquid crystal semiconducting polymers of poly[9,9-dioctylfluorene-co-bithiophene] (F8T2) as p-type semiconductors and fullerenes (C{sub 60}) and [6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) as electron donor and acceptor has been fabricated and characterized for improving photovoltaic and optical properties. The photovoltaic performance including current voltage curves in the dark and illumination of the F8T2/C{sub 60} conventional and inverted bulk heterojunction solar cells were investigated. Relationship between the photovoltaic properties and morphological behavior was focused on tuning for optimization of photo-voltaic performance under annealing condition near glass transition temperature. Additive-effect of diiodooctane (DIO) and poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl) (P3HT) on the photovoltaic performance and optical properties was investigated. Mechanism of the photovoltaic properties of the conventional and inverted solar cells will be discussed by the experimental results.

  4. Physical and Mechanical Properties of Niobium for SRF Science and Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Myneni, Ganapati Rao [Accelerator Division, Jefferson Lab, Newport News, Virginia (United States)

    2007-08-09

    Optimized mechanical and physical properties of high purity niobium are crucial for obtaining high performance SRF particle beam accelerator structures consistently. This paper summarizes these important material properties for both high purity polycrystalline and single crystal niobium.

  5. Physical and Mechanical Properties of Niobium for SRF Science and Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ganapati Rao Myneni

    2006-10-31

    Optimized mechanical and physical properties of high purity niobium are crucial for obtaining high performance SRF particle beam accelerator structures consistently. This paper summarizes these important material properties for both high purity polycrystalline and single crystal niobium.

  6. Physical properties as modal operators in the topos approach to quantum mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hector Freytes; Graciela Domenech; Christian de Ronde

    2014-12-21

    In the framework of the topos approach to quantum mechanics we give a representation of physical properties in terms of modal operators on Heyting algebras. It allows us to introduce a classical type study of the mentioned properties.

  7. Iron hydroxyl phosphate microspheres: Microwave-solvothermal ionic liquid synthesis, morphology control, and photoluminescent properties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cao Shaowen; Zhu Yingjie; Cui Jingbiao

    2010-07-15

    A variety of iron hydroxyl phosphate (NH{sub 4}Fe{sub 2}(PO{sub 4}){sub 2}OH.2H{sub 2}O) nanostructures such as solid microspheres, microspheres with the core in the hollow shell, and double-shelled hollow microspheres were synthesized by a simple one-step microwave-solvothermal ionic liquid method. The effects of the experimental parameters on the morphology and crystal phase of the resultant materials were investigated. Structural dependent photoluminescence was observed from the double-shelled hollow microspheres and the underlying mechanisms were discussed. - Graphical abstract: A variety of iron hydroxyl phosphate (NH{sub 4}Fe{sub 2}(PO{sub 4}){sub 2}OH.2H{sub 2}O) nanostructures were synthesized by a simple one-step microwave-solvothermal ionic liquid method. Structural dependent photoluminescence was observed from the double-shelled hollow microspheres.

  8. GLYCOLIC ACID PHYSICAL PROPERTIES, IMPURITIES, AND RADIATION EFFECTS ASSESSMENT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lambert, D.; Pickenheim, B.; Hay, M.

    2011-06-20

    The Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) is pursuing alternative reductants/flowsheets to increase attainment to meet closure commitment dates. In fiscal year 2009, SRNL evaluated several options and recommended the further assessment of the nitric/formic/glycolic acid flowsheet. SRNL is currently performing testing with this flowsheet to support the DWPF down-select of alternate reductants. As part of the evaluation, SRNL was requested to determine the physical properties of formic and glycolic acid blends. Blends of formic acid in glycolic acid were prepared and their physical properties tested. Increasing amounts of glycolic acid led to increases in blend density, viscosity and surface tension as compared to the 90 wt% formic acid that is currently used at DWPF. These increases are small, however, and are not expected to present any difficulties in terms of processing. The effect of sulfur impurities in technical grade glycolic acid was studied for its impact on DWPF glass quality. While the glycolic acid specification allows for more sulfate than the current formic acid specification, the ultimate impact is expected to be on the order of 0.03 wt% sulfur in glass. Note that lower sulfur content glycolic acid could likely be procured at some increased cost if deemed necessary. A paper study on the effects of radiation on glycolic acid was performed. The analysis indicates that substitution of glycolic acid for formic acid would not increase the radiolytic production rate of H{sub 2} and cause an adverse effect in the SRAT or SME process. It has been cited that glycolic acid solutions that are depleted of O{sub 2} when subjected to large radiation doses produced considerable quantities of a non-diffusive polymeric material. Considering a constant air purge is maintained in the SRAT and the solution is continuously mixed, oxygen depletion seems unlikely, however, if this polymer is formed in the SRAT solution, the rheology of the solution may be affected and pumping of the solution may be hindered. However, an irradiation test with a simulated SRAT product supernate containing glycolic acid in an oxygen depleted atmosphere found no evidence of polymerization.

  9. GLYCOLIC ACID PHYSICAL PROPERTIES, IMPURITIES, AND RADIATION EFFECTS ASSESSMENT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pickenheim, B.; Bibler, N.

    2010-06-08

    The DWPF is pursuing alternative reductants/flowsheets to increase attainment to meet closure commitment dates. In fiscal year 2009, SRNL evaluated several options and recommended the further assessment of the nitric/formic/glycolic acid flowsheet. SRNL is currently performing testing with this flowsheet to support the DWPF down-select of alternate reductants. As part of the evaluation, SRNL was requested to determine the physical properties of formic and glycolic acid blends. Blends of formic acid in glycolic acid were prepared and their physical properties tested. Increasing amounts of glycolic acid led to increases in blend density, viscosity and surface tension as compared to the 90 wt% formic acid that is currently used at DWPF. These increases are small, however, and are not expected to present any difficulties in terms of processing. The effect of sulfur impurities in technical grade glycolic acid was studied for its impact on DWPF glass quality. While the glycolic acid specification allows for more sulfate than the current formic acid specification, the ultimate impact is expected to be on the order of 0.03 wt% sulfur in glass. Note that lower sulfur content glycolic acid could likely be procured at some increased cost if deemed necessary. A paper study on the effects of radiation on glycolic acid was performed. The analysis indicates that substitution of glycolic acid for formic acid would not increase the radiolytic production rate of H{sub 2} and cause an adverse effect in the SRAT or SME process. It has been cited that glycolic acid solutions that are depleted of O{sub 2} when subjected to large radiation doses produced considerable quantities of a non-diffusive polymeric material. Considering a constant air purge is maintained in the SRAT and the solution is continuously mixed, oxygen depletion seems unlikely, however, if this polymer is formed in the SRAT solution, the rheology of the solution may be affected and pumping of the solution may be hindered. A series of tests to determine whether the polymer will be formed is currently being outlined. The first phase will be a simple experiment where a simulated SRAT supernatant containing the 80:20 blend of glycolic - formic acid could be irradiated in the Co-60 gamma source at SRNL to a very large dose resembling the dose received by the radioactive SRAT solution after several weeks. The resulting solution could then be heated to simulate refluxing in the SRAT process. Finally a radioactive demonstration of the SRAT process should be performed in the SRNL Shielded Cells to confirm successful execution of the glycolic - formic acid flowsheet.

  10. Influence of Morphology and Packing Properties on the Permeability of Fine Particle Agglomerates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to study infiltration behavior of polymers into powder compacts with different densities. The infiltration permeability and the powder properties is important. Infiltration of liquids into porous media has been studied dispersing powder agglomerates in polymeric media, liquid infiltration driven by capillary pressure occurs

  11. Synthetic process engineered polyaniline nanostructures with tunable morphology and physical properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, John Zhanhu

    of the doped polymer acid. The change of the conductivity is attributed to a combination of crystallinity conductivity (s). Polymer acids such as polystyrene sulfonic acid (PSSA) [28] and pol Wei b,**, Zhanhu Guo a,* a Integrated Composites Laboratory (ICL), Dan F Smith Department of Chemical

  12. EuroGeo4 Paper number 203 ANALYSIS OF MECHANICAL AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ON GEOTEXTILES AFTER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zornberg, Jorge G.

    EuroGeo4 Paper number 203 1 ANALYSIS OF MECHANICAL AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ON GEOTEXTILES AFTER-mail: nataliacorreia@uol.com.br) Abstract: When geotextiles are exposed to solar rays for a short or long period and physical properties on 3 polyester PET non-woven geotextiles that were exposed to weathering for 720

  13. Retrieval of the physical properties of an anelastic solid half space from seismic data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avignon et des Pays de Vaucluse, Université de

    ÔŘ Ĺ ŇŮ× Ö ÔŘ Retrieval of the physical properties of an anelastic solid half space from seismic of the physical properties of an anelas- tic solid half space from seismic data, Journal of Applied Geophysics it is published in its final form. Please note that during the production process errors may be discovered which

  14. Statistical physical approach to describe the collective properties of dislocations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Groma, István

    Eötvös University Budapest http://metal.elte.hu/~.groma/CISM/talk.pdf ­ p. 1/? #12;Statistical physical

  15. Physical Origins of Thermal Properties of Cement Paste

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdolhosseini Qomi, Mohammad

    Despite the ever-increasing interest in multiscale porous materials, the chemophysical origin of their thermal properties at the nanoscale and its connection to the macroscale properties still remain rather obscure. In ...

  16. The interplay of structure and optical properties in individual semiconducting nanostructures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brewster, Megan Marie

    2011-01-01

    Semiconductor nanostructures exhibit distinct properties by virtue of nano-scale dimensionality, allowing for investigations of fundamental physics and the improvement of optoelectronic devices. Nanoscale morphological ...

  17. Effect of Pore Morphology on the Electrochemical Properties of Electric Double Layer Carbon Cryogel Supercapacitors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garcia, B.B.; Feaver, A.M.; Zhang, Q.; Champion, R.D.; Cao, G.; Fister, T.T.; Nagle, K.P.; Seidler, G.T.

    2008-07-28

    In this study, a group of carbon cryogels have been synthesized using resorcinol formaldehyde as precursors, and altered via catalysis and activation, to obtain varied nanostructures and pore size distributions. To understand the relation between structure and electrochemical properties, an alternate approach to de Levi's cylindrical pore, transmission line method was utilized. Using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, the capacitor can be studied as a dielectric system composed of a porous electrode and the electrolyte (tetraethylammonium tetrafluoroborate in propylene carbonate). The complex capacitance and power are used to study the behavior of the system below the relaxation frequency f{sub 0} ({var_phi} = -45{sup o}). Therefore, the relaxation of the capacitor system at the low frequency range, f

  18. Physical-Property Measurements on Core Samples from Drill-Holes...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Physical-Property Measurements on Core Samples from Drill-Holes DB-1 and DB-2, Blue Mountain Geothermal Prospect, North-Central Nevada Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference...

  19. The effect of sewage sludge on the physical properties of lignite overburden 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cocke, Catherine Lynn

    1985-01-01

    THE EFFECT OF SEWAGE SLUDGE ON THE PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF LIGNITE OVERBURDEN A Thesis by CATHERINE LYNN COCKE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in Partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August 1985 Major Subject: Soil Science THE EFFECT OF SEWAGE SLUDGE ON THE PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF LIGNITE OVERBURDEN A Thesis by CATHERINE LYNN COCK E Appr as o style and content by: . W. Brown (Chairman of Committee) . Hons (Member...

  20. On the use of software quality metrics to im-prove physical properties of embedded systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Flávio Rech

    On the use of software quality metrics to im- prove physical properties of embedded systems Ricardo Abstract: As software production achieves a growing importance in the embed- ded systems world, quality of the correlation between software quality metrics and physical metrics for embedded software. By means

  1. Energy Requirement for Lignocellulosic Feedstock Densifications in Relation to Particle Physical Properties, Preheating, and Binding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Properties, Preheating, and Binding Agents Zewei Miao,, Tony E. Grift,*,, Alan C. Hansen,, and K. C. Ting the energy consumption of herbaceous feedstock compression in relation to particle physical properties-combustion with coal or direct combustion for domestic heating, steam, and electricity generation.13-17 In recent years

  2. MOLECULAR PHYSICS, 2002, VOL. 100, NO. 11, 16591675 Key properties of monohalogen substituted phenols: interpretation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen, Minh Tho

    MOLECULAR PHYSICS, 2002, VOL. 100, NO. 11, 1659±1675 Key properties of monohalogen substituted August 2001; accepted 31 December 2001) This paper is an attempt to bridge the key properties by Runge from coal tar [1] in 1834 and named pheÂnol by Gerhardt in 1843 [2] (see also Laurent [3

  3. Effective symmetry and physical properties of twinned perovskite ferroelectric single crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Wenwu

    Effective symmetry and physical properties of twinned perovskite ferroelectric single crystals Jirí properties of twinned ferroelectric crystals with perovskite structure were analyzed. The twins or twinbands perovskite structure. When a single fer- roelectric crystal is poled along [001] of the cubic coor- dinates

  4. Physical properties of bio-diesel & Implications for use of bio-diesel in diesel engines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chakravarthy, Veerathu K [ORNL; McFarlane, Joanna [ORNL; Daw, C Stuart [ORNL; Ra, Youngchul [ORNL; Griffin, Jelani K [ORNL; Reitz, Rolf [University of Wisconsin

    2008-01-01

    In this study we identify components of a typical biodiesel fuel and estimate both their individual and mixed thermo-physical and transport properties. We then use the estimated mixture properties in computational simulations to gauge the extent to which combustion is modified when biodiesel is substituted for conventional diesel fuel. Our simulation studies included both regular diesel combustion (DI) and premixed charge compression ignition (PCCI). Preliminary results indicate that biodiesel ignition is significantly delayed due to slower liquid evaporation, with the effects being more pronounced for DI than PCCI. The lower vapor pressure and higher liquid heat capacity of biodiesel are two key contributors to this slower rate of evaporation. Other physical properties are more similar between the two fuels, and their impacts are not clearly evident in the present study. Future studies of diesel combustion sensitivity to both physical and chemical properties of biodiesel are suggested.

  5. COLLOQUIUM: Exploring the Physical Properties of Matter in Extreme

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAudits &Bradbury ScienceComplexPlasmaPhysics Lab AprilConditions |

  6. PLA-PHA BLENDS: MORPHOLOGY, THERMAL AND MECHANICAL T. Grard, T. Budtova

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of the pure components. The physical and mechanical properties of blends can be tuned by choosing the properPLA-PHA BLENDS: MORPHOLOGY, THERMAL AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES T. Gérard, T. Budtova Mines Paris polymers. One is poor mechanical properties which limit their practical applications. Blending of polymers

  7. Thermo-physical Properties of DU-10 wt.% Mo Alloys

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Douglas E. Burkes; Cynthia A. Papesch; Andrew P. Maddison; Thomas Hartmann; Francine J. Rice

    2010-08-01

    Low-enriched uranium alloyed with 10 wt% molybdenum is under consideration by the Global Threat Reduction Initiative reactor convert program as a very high density fuel to enable the conversion of high-performance research reactors away from highly-enriched uranium fuels. As with any fuel development program, the thermophysical properties of the fuel as a function of temperature are extremely important and must be well characterized in order to effectively model and predict fuel behavior under normal and off-normal irradiation conditions. For the alloy system under investigation, there is a lack of thermophysical property data, and in most cases, the data is relatively inconsistent and lacks sufficient explanation. Available literature on this alloy system comes mainly from studies done during the 1960s and 1970s, and often does not include sufficient information on fabrication history or conditions to draw conclusions for the current application. The current paper has investigated specific heat capacity, coefficient of linear thermal expansion, density, and thermal diffusivity that were then used to calculate alloy thermal conductivity as a function of temperature. The data obtained from this investigation was compared to available literature on similar U-Mo alloys, and in most cases are in good agreement.

  8. Morphology in Word Recognition: Hindi and Urdu 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rao, Chaitra

    2011-08-08

    The present research examined whether morphology influences word recognition independently of form-level word properties. Prevailing views attribute cross-linguistic differences in morphological processing to variations in morphological structure...

  9. Physical properties of bifunctional BST/LSMO nanocomposites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beltran-Huarac, Juan, E-mail: baristary26@gmail.com; Morell, Gerardo [Institute for Functional Nanomaterials, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, Puerto Rico 00931 (United States); Department of Physics, University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras Campus, San Juan, Puerto Rico 00936 (United States); Martinez, Ricardo [Department of Mathematics and Physics, University of Puerto Rico, Cayey Campus, Cayey, Puerto Rico 00737 (United States)

    2014-02-28

    We report the fabrication of bifunctional nanocomposites consisting of ferroelectric Ba{sub 0.7}Sr{sub 0.3}TiO{sub 3} (BST) and ferromagnetic La{sub 0.67}Sr{sub 0.33}MnO{sub 3} (LSMO) at different concentrations via a high-temperature solid state route. The structural, dielectric, electrical, magnetodielectric (MD), magnetoelectric (ME) and magnetic properties of BST/LSMO nanocomposites were systematically investigated over a wide range of temperatures and frequencies. The X-Ray Diffraction analyses reveal the nanocrystalline nature of the heterostructures, wherein both perovskite phases co-exist. No parasitic phases were observed. The study of the dielectric properties shows that the nanocomposites exhibit relaxor ferroelectric character, with ferroelectric-paraelectric phase transition temperatures around 287–292?K that do not follow the Curie-Weiss law. The electrical measurements indicate that ac conductivities of the nanocomposites follow the Jonscher's universal power law, with activation energies of 0.42–0.63?eV based on Arrhenius-type behavior at high temperatures. The nanocomposites exhibit well-defined ferromagnetic hysteresis loops at room temperature (RT). The MD and ME measurements at RT indicate that BST/LSMO exhibits a nonlinear ME effect at low frequencies, with a threshold near 0.5?T. The magnetocapacitance (MC{sub p}) measurements evidence a quadratic dependence on magnetic field, further confirming the multiferroic nature of BST/LSMO. The order of MC{sub p} was found to be ?7% per Tesla. The analysis of the MC{sub p} measurements indicates that one of the BST/LSMO compositions studied can be considered as a new multiferroic compound.

  10. The effect of irrigated cropping systems on certain soil physical properties of Willacy fine sandy loam 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Shiraj Hossain

    1958-01-01

    systems oa scil physical properties. Presently, there is e teadeacy 1a so11 research to wake e conceatrated effort toward obteiaing e better aadersteadiag of this perticnlsr problem. Experiments condncted ia some parts of the United States ead elsewhere... iadicete that it hes been possible to provide favorable soil physical coa- ditioas by usiag legemiaons end grass plants which, by virtae of their deep, exteasive, ead fibrons root-systems, impart e favorable porosity ead eir-weter beleace in e soil...

  11. A comprehensive program to develop correlations for physical properties of kraft black liquor. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fricke, A.L.; Zaman, A.A.

    1998-05-01

    The overall objective of the program was to develop correlations to predict physical properties within requirements of engineering precision from a knowledge of pulping conditions and of kraft black liquor composition, if possible. These correlations were to include those relating thermodynamic properties to pulping conditions and liquor composition. The basic premise upon which the research was based is the premise that black liquor behaves as a polymer solution. This premise has proven to be true, and has been used successfully in developing data reduction methods and in interpreting results. A three phase effort involving pulping, analysis of liquor composition, and measurement of liquor properties was conducted.

  12. Physical Properties of Blue Shark Useful in Designing a Skinning Machine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Physical Properties of Blue Shark Useful in Designing a Skinning Machine D. E. BROWN, R. PAUL SINGH for a machine to skin blue shark 2 · A wider market for blue shark products is being sought. For example, if removed in one piece the skin is of value for making leather. The machine proposed to skin blue shark

  13. Crystal structure and physical properties of the novel stannide Yb3Pd2Sn2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryan, Dominic

    on the Yb-Pd-Sn system was published [1], motivated by the intriguing physical properties of some (pieces, 99.993 % Yb/TREM purity, Smart Elements GmbH, Vienna, Austria), palladium (foil, 99.95 mass microscopy (SEM) and electron probe micro-analysis (EPMA) based on energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy

  14. Tailoring the Physical Properties of Molybdenum Disulfide Monolayers by Control of Interfacial Chemistry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Natelson, Douglas

    studies on graphene suggest that the electrical properties of this 2D material can be tailored using its, it is a more suitable material for field effect devices as compared to graphene. Additionally, the existence gas systems and organic semiconductors as avenues for the development of new physics.17-19 Previous

  15. THE DYNAMICAL INFLUENCES FROM PHYSICAL PROPERTIES IN THE LOWER MANTLE AND POST-PEROVSKITE PHASE TRANSITION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    1 THE DYNAMICAL INFLUENCES FROM PHYSICAL PROPERTIES IN THE LOWER MANTLE AND POST-PEROVSKITE PHASE, Yokohama 236-0001, Japan ABSTRACT The discovery of post-perovskite phase transition near the core conductivity together with the post-perovskite transition within the framework of isochemical models We have

  16. The use of electron maps to constrain some physical properties of solar flares

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piana, Michele

    astrophysical phenomenon into observable data. In the case of the NASA Reuven Ramaty High Energy Solar Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (RHESSI) is a set of Fourier components of the X-ray radiation samThe use of electron maps to constrain some physical properties of solar flares A. M. Massone1 and M

  17. Physical property changes in hydrate-bearingsediment due to depressurization and subsequent repressurization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kneafsey, Timothy; Waite, W.F.; Kneafsey, T.J.; Winters, W.J.; Mason, D.H.

    2008-06-01

    Physical property measurements of sediment cores containing natural gas hydrate are typically performed on material exposed at least briefly to non-in situ conditions during recovery. To examine effects of a brief excursion from the gas-hydrate stability field, as can occur when pressure cores are transferred to pressurized storage vessels, we measured physical properties on laboratory-formed sand packs containing methane hydrate and methane pore gas. After depressurizing samples to atmospheric pressure, we repressurized them into the methane-hydrate stability field and remeasured their physical properties. Thermal conductivity, shear strength, acoustic compressional and shear wave amplitudes and speeds are compared between the original and depressurized/repressurized samples. X-ray computed tomography (CT) images track how the gas-hydrate distribution changes in the hydrate-cemented sands due to the depressurization/repressurization process. Because depressurization-induced property changes can be substantial and are not easily predicted, particularly in water-saturated, hydrate-bearing sediment, maintaining pressure and temperature conditions throughout the core recovery and measurement process is critical for using laboratory measurements to estimate in situ properties.

  18. Prototype Data Models and Data Dictionaries for Hanford Sediment Physical and Hydraulic Properties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rockhold, Mark L.; Last, George V.; Middleton, Lisa A.

    2010-09-30

    The Remediation Decision Support (RDS) project, managed by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the CH2M HILL Plateau Remediation Company (CHPRC), has been compiling physical and hydraulic property data and parameters to support risk analyses and waste management decisions at Hanford. In FY09 the RDS project developed a strategic plan for a physical and hydraulic property database. This report documents prototype data models and dictionaries for these properties and associated parameters. Physical properties and hydraulic parameters and their distributions are required for any type of quantitative assessment of risk and uncertainty associated with predictions of contaminant transport and fate in the subsurface. The central plateau of the Hanford Site in southeastern Washington State contains most of the contamination at the Site and has up to {approx}100 m of unsaturated and unconsolidated or semi-consolidated sediments overlying the unconfined aquifer. These sediments contain a wide variety of contaminants ranging from organic compounds, such as carbon tetrachloride, to numerous radionuclides including technetium, plutonium, and uranium. Knowledge of the physical and hydraulic properties of the sediments and their distributions is critical for quantitative assessment of the transport of these contaminants in the subsurface, for evaluation of long-term risks and uncertainty associated with model predictions of contaminant transport and fate, and for evaluating, designing, and operating remediation alternatives. One of the goals of PNNL's RDS project is to work with the Hanford Environmental Data Manager (currently with CHPRC) to develop a protocol and schedule for incorporation of physical property and hydraulic parameter datasets currently maintained by PNNL into HEIS. This requires that the data first be reviewed to ensure quality and consistency. New data models must then be developed for HEIS that are approved by the HTAG that oversees HEIS development. After approval, these new data models then need to be implemented in HEIS by the EDM before there is an actual repository for the data. This document summarizes modifications to previously developed data models, and new data models and data dictionaries for physical and hydraulic property data and parameters to be transferred to HEIS. A prototype dataset that conforms to the specifications of these recommended data models has been identified and processed, and is ready for transfer to CHPRC for inclusion in HEIS. Additional datasets are planned for transfer from PNNL to CHPRC in FY11.

  19. y Vacuum Polarization in Low Energy Physics: g -2 1. g -2 introduction, history, muon properties, lepton moments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Röder, Beate

    y Vacuum Polarization in Low Energy Physics: g - 2 1. g - 2 introduction, history, muon properties light-by-light scattering contribution 7. Summary and Outlook 105-1 #12;Physics of vacuum polarization Frascati, Frascati, Italy ­ November 9-13, 2009 ­ #12;Physics of vacuum polarization ... Basic principle

  20. Evolution of Static Physical Properties in Plutonium by Self-irradiation Damage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chung, B W; Lema, K E; Hiromoto, D S

    2010-04-13

    The alpha-decay of plutonium leads to the age-related change in physical properties. This paper presents updated results of age-related effects on enriched and reference alloys measured from immersion density, dilatometry, and mechanical tests. After nearly 100 equivalent years of aging, both the immersion density and dilatometry show that the enriched alloys are decreasing in density by less than 0.02% per year and now exhibit a near linear density decrease, without void swelling. The tensile tests show that the aging process increases the strength of plutonium alloys, followed by possible saturation past 70 equivalent years of age. The ultimate goal of this work is to develop capabilities to predict physical properties changed by aging effects.

  1. Consolidation characteristics and related physical properties of selected sediments from the Gulf of Mexico 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cernock, Paul John

    1967-01-01

    being 947. and 2. 79, respectively. Organic carbon content values for the sediments ranged from 0. 21 to about 2! and generally showed a decrease with depth. Shear strength (cohesion) was determined by vane shear and unconfined compression tests...). Investigations utilizing the vane method have been presented in Proceedings, Symposium on Vane Shear Testing of Soils (1957) . Procedures for determining the physical properties of sediments are given by Lambe (1951) and Tschebotarioff (1951), as well...

  2. Influence of solvent on the morphology and photocatalytic properties of ZnS decorated CeO{sub 2} nanoparticles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Raubach, Cristiane W. Polastro, Lisânias; Ferrer, Mateus M.; Perrin, Andre; Perrin, Christiane; Albuquerque, Anderson R.; Buzolin, Prescila G. C.; Sambrano, Julio R.; Santana, Yuri B. V. de; Varela, José A.; Longo, Elson

    2014-06-07

    Herein, we report a theoretical and experimental study on the photocatalytic activity of CeO{sub 2} ZnS, and ZnS decorated CeO{sub 2} nanoparticles prepared by a microwave-assisted solvothermal method. Theoretical models were established to analyze electron transitions primarily at the interface between CeO{sub 2} and ZnS. As observed, the particle morphology strongly influenced the photocatalytic degradation of organic dye Rhodamine B. A model was proposed to rationalize the photocatalytic behavior of the prepared decorated systems taking into account different extrinsic and intrinsic defect distributions, including order-disorder effects at interfacial and intra-facial regions, and vacancy concentration.

  3. Global morphology and physical relations between the stars, gas and dust in the disc and arms of M100

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. H. Knapen; J. E. Beckman

    1996-07-04

    We study star formation processes in the disc of the weakly barred grand design spiral galaxy M100 (NGC 4321) from a variety of images tracing recent massive star formation, old and young stars, dust, and neutral hydrogen. Differences between arm and interarm regions are specifically studied by decomposing the images into arm and non-arm zones. We find from a comparison of the morphology in H$\\alpha$, HI and dust that while the first two are coincident over most of the disc, they are offset from the dust lanes especially along the inner parts of the spiral arms: a picture which is indicative of a density wave shock moving through the arms. HI is formed near the young massive stars as a result of photo-dissociation. From radial profiles we find that in the region of the star-forming spiral arms the exponential scale lengths for H$\\alpha$, blue and near-infrared light, and 21 cm radio continuum are equal within the fitting errors. The scale lengths for the interarm region are also equal for all these tracers, but the arm scale lengths are significantly longer. This points to a common origin of the profiles in star formation, with little or no influence from radial population gradients or dust in the disc of this galaxy. The longer arm scale lengths are equivalent to an outwardly increasing arm-interarm contrast. We argue that the radial profiles of radio continuum and HI, as well as CO, are also directly regulated by star formation, and discuss the possible implications of this result for the interpretation of observed CO intensities in and outside spiral arms. We discuss the radial atomic hydrogen profile in some detail. Its almost perfectly flat shape in the region of the star-forming spiral arms may be explained by photodissociation and recombination processes in the presence of a limited

  4. Effect of ZnO seed layer on the morphology and optical properties of ZnO nanorods grown on GaN buffer layers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nandi, R. Mohan, S. Major, S. S.; Srinivasa, R. S.

    2014-04-24

    ZnO nanorods were grown by chemical bath deposition on sputtered, polycrystalline GaN buffer layers with and without ZnO seed layer. Scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction show that the ZnO nanorods on GaN buffer layers are not vertically well aligned. Photoluminescence spectrum of ZnO nanorods grown on GaN buffer layer, however exhibits a much stronger near-band-edge emission and negligible defect emission, compared to the nanorods grown on ZnO buffer layer. These features are attributed to gallium incorporation at the ZnO-GaN interface. The introduction of a thin (25 nm) ZnO seed layer on GaN buffer layer significantly improves the morphology and vertical alignment of ZnO-NRs without sacrificing the high optical quality of ZnO nanorods on GaN buffer layer. The presence of a thick (200 nm) ZnO seed layer completely masks the effect of the underlying GaN buffer layer on the morphology and optical properties of nanorods.

  5. Physical Properties of Niobium and Specifications for Fabrication of Superconducting Cavities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Antoine, C.; Foley, M.; Dhanaraj, N.; /Fermilab

    2011-07-01

    It is important to distinguish among the properties of niobium, the ones that are related to the cavity's SRF performances, the formability of the material, and the mechanical behavior of the formed cavity. In general, the properties that dictate each of the above mentioned characteristics have a detrimental effect on one another and in order to preserve the superconducting properties without subduing the mechanical behavior, a balance has to be established. Depending on the applications, some parameters become less important and an understanding of the physical origin of the requirements might help in this optimization. SRF applications require high purity niobium (high RRR), but pure niobium is very soft from fabrication viewpoint. Moreover conventional fabrication techniques tend to override the effects of any metallurgical process meant to strengthen it. As those treatments dramatically affect the forming of the material they should be avoided. These unfavorable mechanical properties have to be accounted for in the design of the cavities rather than in the material specification. The aim of this paper is to review the significance of the important mechanical properties used to characterize niobium and to present the optimal range of values. Most of the following information deals with the specification of sheets for cell forming unless otherwise noted.

  6. Variation of the shape and morphological properties of silica and metal oxide powders by electro homogeneous precipitation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Harris, Michael T. (Knoxville, TN); Basaran, Osman A. (Oak Ridge, TN); Sisson, Warren G. (Oak Ridge, TN); Brunson, Ronald R. (Lenoir City, TN)

    1997-01-01

    The present invention provides a method for preparing irreversible linear aggregates (fibrils) of metal oxide powders by utilizing static or pulsed DC electrical fields across a relatively non-conducting liquid solvent in which organometal compounds or silicon alkoxides have been dissolved. The electric field is applied to the relatively non-conducting solution throughout the particle formation and growth process promoting the formation of either linear aggregates (fibrils) or spherical shaped particles as desired. Thus the present invention provides a physical method for altering the size, shape and porosity of precursor hydrous metal oxide or hydrous silicon oxide powders for the development of advanced ceramics with improved strength and insulating capacity.

  7. The curing of asphalt with rubber and its effect on the physical and chemical properties of asphalt-rubber binders 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chun, Jay Sung

    1995-01-01

    The objective of this research was to develop a potentially useful asphalt-rubber binder using the curing process. For the curing process, six parameters, which altered the physical and chemical properties of the asphalt-rubber binder, were tested...

  8. Genetic and dietary effects on the physical properties, assembly and secretion of apoB-containing lipoproteins 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Limin

    2005-11-01

    The physical properties (i.e., mass, particle diameter and composition) of apolipoprotein B (apoB)-containing lipoproteins (apoB-LP) are a major determinant of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk. The ...

  9. Impact of morphology and scale on the physical properties of periodic/quasiperiodic micro- and nano- structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jia, Lin, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01

    A central pillar of real-world engineering is controlled molding of different types of waves (such as optical and acoustic waves). The impact of these wave-molding devices is directly dependent on the level of wave control ...

  10. Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Group (PDG) Organizations American Institute of Physics (AIP) American Physical Society (APS) Institute of Physics (IOP) SPIE - International society for optics and photonics Top...

  11. Thermal and Physical Properties of Plutonium Dioxide Produced from the Oxidation of Metal: a Data Summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wayne, David M.

    2014-01-13

    The ARIES Program at the Los Alamos National Laboratory removes plutonium metal from decommissioned nuclear weapons, and converts it to plutonium dioxide in a specially-designed Direct Metal Oxidation furnace. The plutonium dioxide is analyzed for specific surface area, particle size distribution, and moisture content. The purpose of these analyses is to certify that the plutonium dioxide powder meets or exceeds the specifications of the end-user, and the specifications for the packaging and transport of nuclear materials. Analytical results from plutonium dioxide from ARIES development activities, from ARIES production activities, from muffle furnace oxidation of metal, and from metal that was oxidized over a lengthy time interval in air at room temperature, are presented. The processes studied produce plutonium dioxide powder with distinct differences in measured properties, indicating the significant influence of oxidation conditions on physical properties.

  12. Areal distribution of clay minerals and their relationship to physical properties, Gulf of Mexico 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hottman, William Edward

    1975-01-01

    of Commi t e lead of De rtment Member Member December 1975 ABSTRACT Areal Distribution of Clay Minerals and their Relationship to Physical Properties, Gulf of Mexico. (December 1975) William E. Hottman, B. A. , California State University (Fullerton... 2 5 12 X 52 X 52 5 X 52 X 2 5 X 52 5 25. 2 11. 7 3. 42 25. 5 20 5 4. 5 25. 25 72. 5 8. 5 24. 0 7. 67 2 ' 77 29, 8 24. 7 4-97 34. 7 36. 24 6. 02 21. 25 6. 92 2, 63 24. o 17, 6 4. 2 21. 0 68. o 8. 8 28. 0 70. 0...

  13. Variation of the shape and morphological properties of silica and metal oxide powders by electro homogeneous precipitation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Harris, M.T.; Basaran, O.A.; Sisson, W.G.; Brunson, R.R.

    1997-02-18

    The present invention provides a method for preparing irreversible linear aggregates (fibrils) of metal oxide powders by utilizing static or pulsed DC electrical fields across a relatively non-conducting liquid solvent in which organometal compounds or silicon alkoxides have been dissolved. The electric field is applied to the relatively non-conducting solution throughout the particle formation and growth process promoting the formation of either linear aggregates (fibrils) or spherical shaped particles as desired. Thus the present invention provides a physical method for altering the size, shape and porosity of precursor hydrous metal oxide or hydrous silicon oxide powders for the development of advanced ceramics with improved strength and insulating capacity. 3 figs.

  14. Status of Initial Assessment of Physical and Mechanical Properties of Graphite Grades for NGNP Appkications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Strizak, Joe P [ORNL; Burchell, Timothy D [ORNL; Windes, Will [Idaho National Laboratory (INL)

    2011-12-01

    Current candidate graphite grades for the core structures of NGNP include grades NBG-17, NBG-18, PCEA and IG-430. Both NBG-17 and NBG-18 are manufactured using pitch coke, and are vibrationally molded. These medium grain products are produced by SGL Carbon SAS (France). Tayo Tanso (Japan) produces IG-430 which is a petroleum coke, isostatically molded, nuclear grade graphite. And PCEA is a medium grain, extruded graphite produced by UCAR Carbon Co. (USA) from petroleum coke. An experimental program has been initiated to develop physical and mechanical properties data for these current candidate graphites. The results will be judged against the requirements for nuclear grade graphites set forth in ASTM standard D 7219-05 "Standard Specification for Isotropic and Near-isotropic Nuclear Graphites". Physical properties data including thermal conductivity and coefficient of thermal expansion, and mechanical properties data including tensile, compressive and flexural strengths will be obtained using the established test methods covered in D-7219 and ASTM C 781-02 "Standard Practice for Testing Graphite and Boronated Graphite Components for High-Temperature Gas-Cooled Nuclear Reactors". Various factors known to effect the properties of graphites will be investigated. These include specimen size, spatial location within a graphite billet, specimen orientation (ag and wg) within a billet, and billet-to-billet variations. The current status of the materials characterization program is reported herein. To date billets of the four graphite grades have been procured, and detailed cut up plans for obtaining the various specimens have been prepared. Particular attention has been given to the traceability of each specimen to its spatial location and orientation within a billet.

  15. Effects of biogenic silica on acoustic and physical properties of clay-rich marine sediments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tribble, J.S.; Mackenzie, F.T.; Urmos, J.; O'Brien, D.K.; Manghnani, M.H. )

    1992-06-01

    The physical properties of marine sediments are influenced by compaction and diagenesis during burial. Changes in mineralogy, chemistry, density, porosity, and microfabric all affect a sediment's acoustic and electrical properties. Sediments from the Japan Trench illustrate the dependence of physical properties on biogenic silica content. Increased opal-A content is correlated with increased porosity and decreased grain density and compressional velocity. Variations with depth in opal-A concentration are therefore reflected in highly variable and, at times, inverse velocity-depth gradients. The diagenetic conversion of opal-A to opal-CT and finally to quartz was investigated at a site in the San Miguel Gap, California. Distinct changes in microfabric, particularly in the porosity distribution, accompany the diagenetic reactions and contribute to a sharp velocity discontinuity at the depth of the opal-A to opal-CT conversion. Evaluation of this reaction at several sites indicates a systematic dependence on temperature and age in clay-rich and moderately siliceous sediments. In ocean margin regions, sediments are buried rapidly, and opal-A may be converted to opal-CT in less than 10 m.y. Temperatures of conversion range from 30{degree} to 50{degree}C. Much longer times (>40 m.y.) are required to complete the conversion in open ocean deposits which are exposed to temperatures less than 15{degree}C. In the absence of silica diagenesis, velocity-depth gradients of most clay-rich and moderately siliceous sediments fall in the narrow range of 0.15 to 0.25 km/s/km which brackets the gradient (0.18 km/s/km) determined for a type pelagic clay section. Relationships such as these can be useful in unraveling the history of a sediment sequence, including the evolution with time of reservoir properties and seismic signatures.

  16. Overall properties of composites with physically non-linear discrete I. Sevostianov a,*, V.E. Verijenko b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sevostianov, Igor

    and recommended properties of the plasti®cator are derived under the condition that material should possessOverall properties of composites with physically non-linear discrete phase I. Sevostianov a,*, V elastic matrix and visco-plastic inclusions. Dense hydroxyapatite is considered as the matrix material

  17. Optical and Physical Properties from Primary On-Road Vehicle Particle Emissions And Their Implications for Climate Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Optical and Physical Properties from Primary On-Road Vehicle Particle Emissions between light duty gasoline vehicles and diesel trucks. Cross-section emission factors for optical size distributions and optical properties were insensitive to increases in relative humidity to values

  18. Physical properties of solar polar jets: A statistical study with Hinode XRT data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paraschiv, A R; Sterling, A C

    2015-01-01

    The target of this work is to investigate the physical nature of polar jets in the solar corona and their possible contribution to coronal heating and solar wind flow based on the analysis of X-ray images acquired by the Hinode XRT telescope. We estimate the di?erent forms of energy associated with many of these small-scale eruptions, in particular the kinetic energy and enthalpy. Two Hinode XRT campaign datasets focusing on the two polar coronal holes were selected to analyze the physical properties of coronal jets; the analyzed data were acquired using a series of three XRT filters. Typical kinematical properties (e.g., length, thickness, lifetime, ejection rate, and velocity) of 18 jets are evaluated from the observed sequences, thus providing information on their possible contribution to the fast solar wind flux escaping from coronal holes. Electron temperatures and densities of polar-jet plasmas are also estimated using ratios of the intensities observed in di?erent filters. We find that the largest amou...

  19. Critical porosity: The key to relating physical properties to porosity in rocks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nur, A.M.; Mavko, G.; Dvorkin, J.; Gal, D.

    1995-12-31

    Many classes of rock such as sandstones, dolomites, chalks, and cracked igneous rocks have each a distinct characteristic porosity above which the material behaves as s suspension. The porosity at which this system changes, or transforms from isostress to solid load-bearing is defined here as the critical porosity {phi}{sub c}. It is easy to envision that at {phi}{sub c} not only the mechanical moduli, but also other properties such as strength and electrical conductivity, may also undergo transformations. Consequently, the critical porosity must be a fundamental property of a given porous system, not just of one of its physical properties. The observed values of {phi}{sub c} range from .005 for cracked granites to .30 or .40 for limestones, dolomites and sandstones, .60 for chalks and .90 for volcanic glasses. The data suggest that (1) A critical porosity value {phi}{sub c} exists which is typical of a given class of porous materials. Each class is defined on the basis of its common mineralogy or diagenetic porosity reduction processes. (2) Given {phi}{sub c} it may be possible to closely approximate the relation between porosity and velocity, over the entire range of porosity, with a modified mixture relation, in which the mixed components are the pure solid on one end, and a critical suspension on the other. (3) Without {phi}{sub c}, theory cannot yield reliable or useful velocity-porosity relations.

  20. Molecular modeling of the morphology and transport properties of two direct methanol fuel cell membranes: phenylated sulfonated poly(ether ether ketone ketone) versus Nafion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Devanathan, Ramaswami; Idupulapati, Nagesh B.; Dupuis, Michel

    2012-08-14

    We have used molecular dynamics simulations to examine membrane morphology and the transport of water, methanol and hydronium in phenylated sulfonated poly ether ether ketone ketone (Ph-SPEEKK) and Nafion membranes at 360 K for a range of hydration levels. At comparable hydration levels, the pore diameter is smaller, the sulfonate groups are more closely packed, the hydronium ions are more strongly bound to sulfonate groups, and the diffusion of water and hydronium is slower in Ph-SPEEKK relative to the corresponding properties in Nafion. The aromatic carbon backbone of Ph-SPEEKK is less hydrophobic than the fluorocarbon backbone of Nafion. Water network percolation occurs at a hydration level ({lambda}) of {approx}8 H{sub 2}O/SO{sub 3}{sup -}. At {lambda} = 20, water, methanol and hydronium diffusion coefficients were 1.4 x 10{sup -5}, 0.6 x 10{sup -5} and 0.2 x 10{sup -5} cm{sup 2}/s, respectively. The pore network in Ph-SPEEKK evolves dynamically and develops wide pores for {lambda} > 20, which leads to a jump in methanol crossover and ion transport. This study demonstrates the potential of aromatic membranes as low-cost challengers to Nafion for direct methanol fuel cell applications and the need to develop innovative strategies to combat methanol crossover at high hydration levels.

  1. Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Physics Physics Our science answers questions about the nature of the universe and delivers solutions for national security concerns. Contact Us Division Leader Doug Fulton Deputy...

  2. Electrode Materials with the Na0.44MnO2 Structure: Effect ofTitanium Substitution on Physical and Electrochemical Properties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doeff, Marca M; Saint, Juliette A.; Doeff, Marca M; Wilcox, James D.

    2008-03-10

    The physical and electrochemical properties of LixMnO2 and LixTi0.11Mn0.89O2 synthesized from precursors made by glycine-nitrate combustion (GNC) and solid-state synthesis methods (SS) are examined in this paper. The highest specific capacities in lithium cells are obtained for SS-LixMnO2 electrodes at low current densities, but GNC-LixTi0.11Mn0.89O2 electrodes show the best high rate performance. These results can be explained by changes in the voltage characteristics and differences in the particle morphologies induced by the Ti-substitution and synthesis method. Ti-substitution also results in a decrease in the electronic conductivity, but greatly improves the thermal properties and imparts dissolution resistance to the electrode. For these reasons, it is preferable to use LixTi0.11MnO0.89O2 in lithium battery configurations rather than LixMnO2. Suggestions for improving the electrochemical performance of the Ti-substituted variant are given based on the results described herein.

  3. Methods and apparatus for moving and separating materials exhibiting different physical properties

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Peterson, Stephen C. (Salt Lake City, UT); Brimhall, Owen D. (Salt Lake City, UT); McLaughlin, Thomas J. (Salt Lake City, UT); Baker, Charles D. (Lehi, UT); Sparks, Sam L. (Alpine, UT)

    1988-01-01

    Methods and apparatus for controlling the movement of materials having different physical properties when one of the materials is a fluid. The invention does not rely on flocculation, sedimentation, centrifugation, the buoyancy of the materials, or any other gravity dependent characteristic, in order to achieve its desired results. The methods of the present invention provide that a first acoustic wave is progpagated through a vessel containing the materials. A second acoustic wave, at a frequency different than the first acoustic wave, is also propagated through the vessel so that the two acoustic waves are superimposed upon each other. The superimposition of the two waves creates a beat frequency wave. The beat frequency wave comprises pressure gradients dividing regions of maximum and minimum pressure. The pressure gradients and the regions of maximum and minimum pressure move through space and time at a group velocity. The moving pressure gradients and regions of maximum and minimum pressure act upon the marterials so as to move one of the materials towards a predetermined location in the vessel. The present invention provides that the materials may be controllably moved toward a location, aggreated at a particular location, or physically separated from each other.

  4. Methods and apparatus for moving and separating materials exhibiting different physical properties

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Peterson, Stephen C. (al of Salt Lake City, UT); Brimhall, Owen D. (al of Salt Lake City, UT); McLaughlin, Thomas J. (al of Salt Lake City, UT); Baker, Charles D. (Lehi, UT); Sparks, Sam L. (Alpine, UT)

    1991-01-01

    Methods and apparatus for controlling the movement of materials having different physical properties when one of the materials is a fluid. The invention does not rely on flocculation, sedimentation, centrifugation, the buoyancy of the materials, or any other gravity dependent characteristic, in order to achieve its desired results. The methods of the present invention provide that a first acoustic wave is propagated through a vessel containing the materials. A second acoustic wave, at a frequency different than the first acoustic wave, is also propagated through the vessel so that the two acoustic waves are superimposed upon each other. The superimposition of the two waves creates a beat frequency wave. The beat frequency wave comprises pressure gradients dividing regions of maximum and minimum pressure. The pressure gradients and the regions of maximum and minimum pressure move through space and time at a group velocity. The moving pressure gradients and regions of maximum and minimum pressure act upon the materials so as to move one of the materials towards a predetermined location in the vessel. The present invention provides that the materials may be controllably moved toward a location, aggregated at a particular location, or physically separated from each other.

  5. A Long-Term Strategic Plan for Hanford Sediment Physical Property and Vadose Zone Hydraulic Parameter Databases

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rockhold, Mark L.; Last, George V.; Middleton, Lisa A.

    2009-09-30

    Physical property data and unsaturated hydraulic parameters are critical input for analytic and numerical models used to predict transport and fate of contaminants in variably saturated porous media and to assess and execute remediation alternatives. The Remediation Decision Support (RDS) project, managed by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the CH2M Hill Plateau Remediation Company (CHPRC), has been compiling physical and hydraulic property data and parameters to support risk analyses and waste management decisions at Hanford. Efforts have been initiated to transfer sediment physical property data and vadose zone hydraulic parameters to CHPRC for inclusion in HEIS-Geo, a new instance of the Hanford Environmental Information System database that is being developed for borehole geologic data. This report describes these efforts and a strategic plan for continued updating and improvement of these datasets.

  6. Simulating the physical properties of dark matter and gas inside the cosmic web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. Dolag; M. Meneghetti; L. Moscardini; E. Rasia; A. Bonaldi

    2006-05-05

    Using the results of a high-resolution, cosmological hydrodynamical re-simulation of a supercluster-like region we investigate the physical properties of the gas located along the filaments and bridges which constitute the so-called cosmic web. First we analyze the main characteristics of the density, temperature and velocity fields, which have quite different distributions, reflecting the complex dynamics of the structure formation process. Then we quantify the signals which originate from the matter in the filaments by considering different observables. Inside the cosmic web, we find that the halo density is about 4-6 times larger than in the neighbouring region; the bremsstrahlung X-ray surface brightness reaches at most 10e-16 erg/s/cm^2/armin^2; the Compton-y parameter due to the thermal Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect is about 10e-6; the reduced shear produced by the weak lensing effect is ~ 0.01-0.02. These results confirm the difficulty of an observational detection of the cosmic web. Finally we find that projection effects of the filamentary network can affect the estimates of the properties of single clusters, increasing their X-ray luminosity by less than 10% and their central Compton-y parameter by up to 30% cent.

  7. INITIAL COMPARISON OF BASELINE PHYSICAL AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES FOR THE VHTR CANDIDATE GRAPHITE GRADES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carroll, Mark C

    2014-09-01

    High-purity graphite is the core structural material of choice in the Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) design, a graphite-moderated, helium-cooled configuration that is capable of producing thermal energy for power generation as well as process heat for industrial applications that require temperatures higher than the outlet temperatures of present nuclear reactors. The Baseline Graphite Characterization Program is endeavoring to minimize the conservative estimates of as-manufactured mechanical and physical properties in nuclear-grade graphites by providing comprehensive data that captures the level of variation in measured values. In addition to providing a thorough comparison between these values in different graphite grades, the program is also carefully tracking individual specimen source, position, and orientation information in order to provide comparisons both in specific properties and in the associated variability between different lots, different billets, and different positions from within a single billet. This report is a preliminary comparison between each of the grades of graphite that are considered “candidate” grades from four major international graphite producers. These particular grades (NBG-18, NBG-17, PCEA, IG-110, and 2114) are the major focus of the evaluations presently underway on irradiated graphite properties through the series of Advanced Graphite Creep (AGC) experiments. NBG-18, a medium-grain pitch coke graphite from SGL from which billets are formed via vibration molding, was the favored structural material in the pebble-bed configuration. NBG-17 graphite from SGL is essentially NBG-18 with the grain size reduced by a factor of two. PCEA, petroleum coke graphite from GrafTech with a similar grain size to NBG-17, is formed via an extrusion process and was initially considered the favored grade for the prismatic layout. IG-110 and 2114, from Toyo Tanso and Mersen (formerly Carbone Lorraine), respectively, are fine-grain grades produced via an isomolding process. An analysis of the comparison between each of these grades will include not only the differences in fundamental and statistically-significant individual strength levels, but also the differences in variability in properties within each of the grades that will ultimately provide the basis for the prediction of in-service performance. The comparative performance of the different types of nuclear-grade graphites will continue to evolve as thousands more specimens are fully characterized from the numerous grades of graphite being evaluated.

  8. PHYSICAL REVIEW B 83, 144113 (2011) Structural and thermodynamic properties of compressed palladium: Ab initio and molecular

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alfè, Dario

    2011-01-01

    PHYSICAL REVIEW B 83, 144113 (2011) Structural and thermodynamic properties of compressed palladiumRevB.83.144113 PACS number(s): 05.70.-a, 65.40.-b, 62.20.-x, 74.10.+v I. INTRODUCTION Palladium has a wide systems and nanoscale devices fully highlighted the key role that palladium plays.3 For bulk systems

  9. Influence of Chemical and Physical Properties of Activated Carbon Powders on Oxygen Reduction and Microbial Fuel Cell Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Influence of Chemical and Physical Properties of Activated Carbon Powders on Oxygen Reduction) powders made from different precursor materials (coal, peat, coconut shell, hardwood, and phenolic resin) tests. Cathodes using the coal-derived AC had the highest power densities in MFCs (1620 ± 10 mW m-2

  10. PHYSICAL REVIEW E 88, 042146 (2013) Uncovering wind turbine properties through two-dimensional stochastic modeling of wind dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peinke, Joachim

    2013-01-01

    PHYSICAL REVIEW E 88, 042146 (2013) Uncovering wind turbine properties through two, such as the rated speed of the wind turbine or the descriptive wind speed statistics, can be related to the equations describing the evolution of power production and wind speed at single wind turbines. DOI: 10

  11. 46.1 Shear Viscosity An important mechanical property of fluids is viscosity. Physical systems and applications as diverse as

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kostic, Milivoje M.

    46-1 46.1 Shear Viscosity An important mechanical property of fluids is viscosity. Physical systems, the internal friction of a fluid is analogous to the macroscopic mechanical friction, which causes an object. Kostic Northern Illinois University #12;46-2 Mechanical Variables top plate causes the fluid adjacent

  12. Environ. Sci. Technol. 1988, 22, 651-658 Physical-Chemical Properties of Chlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gobas, Frank

    Environ. Sci. Technol. 1988, 22, 651-658 Physical-Chemical Properties of Chlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins assessment purposes. ~~~ ~ Introduction The polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) are a group of 75 about PCDD tox- icity and exposure are required. Several dioxin congeners have been shown

  13. Physical and Mathematical Properties of a Quasi-Geostrophic Model of Intermediate Complexity of the Mid-Latitudes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . The Atmospheric Circulation is the basic engine which transforms solar heating into the energy of the atmospheric. The statistical properties of observables having physical relevance, namely the total energy of the system complexity model is considered, providing a schematic repre- sentation of the baroclinic conversion processes

  14. Physical Properties of the Current Census of Northern White Dwarfs within 40 pc of the Sun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Limoges, M -M; Lépine, S

    2015-01-01

    We present a detailed description of the physical properties of our current census of white dwarfs within 40 pc of the Sun, based on an exhaustive spectroscopic survey of northern hemisphere candidates from the SUPERBLINK proper motion database. Our method for selecting white dwarf candidates is based on a combination of theoretical color-magnitude relations and reduced proper motion diagrams. We reported in an earlier publication the discovery of nearly 200 new white dwarfs, and we present here the discovery of an additional 133 new white dwarfs, among which we identify 96 DA, 3 DB, 24 DC, 3 DQ, and 7 DZ stars. We further identify 178 white dwarfs that lie within 40 pc of the Sun, representing a 40% increase of the current census, which now includes 492 objects. We estimate the completeness of our survey at between 66 and 78%, allowing for uncertainties in the distance estimates. We also perform a homogeneous model atmosphere analysis of this 40 pc sample and find a large fraction of massive white dwarfs, in...

  15. Lidar Measurements of the Vertical Distribution of Aerosol Optical and Physical Properties over Central Asia

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Chen, Boris B.; Sverdlik, Leonid G.; Imashev, Sanjar A.; Solomon, Paul A.; Lantz, Jeffrey; Schauer, James J.; Shafer, Martin M.; Artamonova, Maria S.; Carmichael, Gregory R.

    2013-01-01

    The vertical structure of aerosol optical and physical properties was measured by Lidar in Eastern Kyrgyzstan, Central Asia, from June 2008 to May 2009. Lidar measurements were supplemented with surface-based measurements of PM 2.5 and PM 10 mass and chemical composition in both size fractions. Dust transported into the region is common, being detected 33% of the time. The maximum frequency occurred in the spring of 2009. Dust transported to Central Asia comes from regional sources, for example, Taklimakan desert and Aral Sea basin, and from long-range transport, for example, deserts of Arabia, Northeast Africa, Iran, and Pakistan. Regionalmore »sources are characterized by pollution transport with maximum values of coarse particles within the planetary boundary layer, aerosol optical thickness, extinction coefficient, integral coefficient of aerosol backscatter, and minimum values of the Ĺngström exponent. Pollution associated with air masses transported over long distances has different characteristics during autumn, winter, and spring. During winter, dust emissions were low resulting in high values of the Ĺngström exponent (about 0.51) and the fine particle mass fraction (64%). Dust storms were more frequent during spring with an increase in coarse dust particles in comparison to winter. The aerosol vertical profiles can be used to lower uncertainty in estimating radiative forcing. « less

  16. Influence of combustion conditions and coal properties on physical properties of fly ash generated from pulverized coal combustion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hiromi Shirai; Hirofumi Tsuji; Michitaka Ikeda; Toshinobu Kotsuji

    2009-07-15

    To develop combustion technology for upgrading the quality of fly ash, the influences of the coal properties, such as the size of pulverized coal particles and the two-stage combustion ratio during the combustion, on the fly ash properties were investigated using our test furnace. The particle size, density, specific surface area (obtained by the Blaine method), and shape of fly ash particles of seven types of coal were measured. It was confirmed that the size of pulverized coal particles affects the size of the ash particles. Regarding the coal properties, the fuel ratio affected the ash particle size distribution. The density and shape of the ash particles strongly depended on their ash size. Our results indicated that the shape of the ash particles and the concentration of unburned carbon affected the specific surface area. The influence of the two-stage combustion ratio was limited. 8 refs., 13 figs., 3 tabs.

  17. Multiwalled carbon nanotubes and dispersed nanodiamond novel hybrids: Microscopic structure evolution, physical properties, and radiation resilience

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gupta, S.; Farmer, J.

    2011-01-01

    We report the structure and physical properties of novel hybrids of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and ultradispersed diamond (UDD) forming nanocomposite ensemble that were subjected to 50, 100, and 10{sup 3} kGy gamma ray doses and characterized using various analytical tools to investigate hierarchical defects evolution. This work is prompted by recent work on single-walled CNTs and UDD ensemble [Gupta et al., J. Appl. Phys. 107, 104308 (2010)] where radiation-induced microscopic defects seem to be stabilized by UDD. The present experiments show similar effects where these hybrids display only a minimal structural modification under the maximum dose. Quantitative analyses of multiwavelength Raman spectra revealed lattice defects induced by irradiation assessed through the variation in prominent D, G, and 2D bands. A minimal change in the position of D, G, and 2D bands and a marginal increase in intensity of the defect-induced double resonant Raman scattered D and 2D bands are some of the implications suggesting the radiation coupling. The in-plane correlation length (L{sub a}) was also determined following Tunistra-Koenig relation from the ratio of D to G band (I{sub D}/I{sub G}) besides microscopic stress. However, we also suggest the following taking into account of intrinsic defects of the constituents: (a) charge transfer arising at the interface due to the difference in electronegativity of MWCNT C sp{sup 2} and UDD core (C sp{sup 3}) leading to phonon and electron energy renormalization; (b) misorientation of C sp{sup 2} at the interface of MWCNT and UDD shell (C sp{sup 2}) resulting in structural disorder; (c) softening or violation of the q{approx}0 selection rule leading to D band broadening and a minimal change in G band intensity; and (d) normalized intensity of D and G bands with 2D band help to distinguish defect-induced double resonance phenomena. The MWCNT when combined with nanodiamond showed a slight decrease in their conductance further affected by irradiation pointing at relatively good interfacial contact. Furthermore, owing to high thermal and electrical conductivity properties, they can facilitate potentially efficient heat-transfer applications and some results deduced using Nielsen's model is provided.

  18. Physical and Mathematical Properties of a Quasi-Geostrophic Model of Intermediate Complexity of the Mid-Latitudes Atmospheric Circulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valerio Lucarini; Antonio Speranza; Renato VItolo

    2005-11-24

    A quasi-geostrophic intermediate complexity model is considered, providing a schematic representation of the baroclinic conversion processes which characterize the physics of the mid-latitudes atmospheric circulation. The model is relaxed towards a given latitudinal temperature profile, which acts as baroclinic forcing, controlled by a parameter TE determining the forced equator-to-pole temperature gradient. As TE increases, a transition takes place from a stationary regime to a periodic regime, and eventually to an earth-like chaotic regime where evolution takes place on a strange attractor. The dependence of the attractor dimension, metric entropy, and bounding box volume in phase space is studied by varying both TE and model resolution. The statistical properties of observables having physical relevance, namely the total energy of the system and the latitudinally averaged zonal wind, are also examined. It is emphasized that while the attractor's properties are quite sensitive to model resolution, the global physical observables depend less critically on it. For more detailed physical observables, such as the latitudinal profiles of the zonal wind, model resolution again may be critical: the effectiveness of the zonal wind convergence, acting as barotropic stabilization of the baroclinic waves, heavily relies on the details of the latitudinal structure of the fields. The necessity and complementarity of both the dynamical systems and physical approach is underlined.

  19. COVER Graphene has aroused multidisciplinary interest because of its unique morphology and chemical structure as well as excellent physicochemical and electronic properties. In this review, recent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at San Antonio, University of

    #12;COVER Graphene has aroused multidisciplinary interest because of its unique morphology significant advances in the synthesis of graphene and graphene-related nanomaterials using different methods are summarized. The important roles of graphene-based nanomaterials for high- performance pollutant removal

  20. The application of size- resolved hygroscopicity measurements to understand the physical and chemical properties of ambient aerosol 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santarpia, Joshua Lee

    2005-08-29

    -1 THE APPLICATION OF SIZE-RESOLVED HYGROSCOPICITY MEASUREMENTS TO UNDERSTANDING THE PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF AMBIENT AEROSOL A Dissertation by JOSHUA L. SANTARPIA Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial... OF AMBIENT AEROSOL A Dissertation by JOSHUA L. SANTARPIA Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Approved as to style and content...

  1. SS/NG: October `00 UCLA-UCMEP-00-31 1 Summary of Thermo-Physical Properties of Sn,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Los Angeles, University of

    SS/NG: October `00 UCLA-UCMEP-00-31 1 Summary of Thermo-Physical Properties of Sn, And Compounds #12;SS/NG: October `00 UCLA-UCMEP-00-31 2 ABSTRACT The APEX evaluation study has identified tin of publications is given in Section 5 and is organized in an alphabetical order by the author's name. #12;SS/NG

  2. Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid youOxygen Generation | Center for GasPhysics Physics Print Because a

  3. Morphological Classification of Galaxies by Shapelet Decomposition in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brandon C. Kelly; Timothy A. McKay

    2003-10-16

    We describe application of the `shapelet' linear decomposition of galaxy images to morphological classification using images of $\\sim$ 3000 galaxies from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. After decomposing the galaxies we perform a principal component analysis to reduce the number of dimensions of the shapelet space to nine. We find that each of these nine principal components contains unique morphological information, and give a description of each principal component's contribution to a galaxy's morphology. We find that galaxies of differing Hubble type separate cleanly in the shapelet space. We apply a Gaussian mixture model to the 9-dimensional space spanned by the principal components and use the results as a basis for classification. Using the mixture model, we separate galaxies into seven classes and give a description of each class's physical and morphological properties. We find that several of the mixture model classes correlate well with the traditional Hubble types both in their morphology and their physical parameters (e.g., color, velocity dispersions, etc.). In addition, we find an additional class of late-type morphology but with high velocity dispersions and very blue color; most of these galaxies exhibit post-starburst activity. This method provides an objective and quantitative alternative to traditional and subjective visual classification.

  4. Physical Properties of Kuiper Belt and Centaur Objects: Constraints from Spitzer Space Telescope

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01

    Icarus, 166, 116-130. Elliot J. L. , Kern S. D. , Clancy K.D. J. , Kern S. D. , and Elliot J. L. (2003). Physical Char-Deep Ecliptic Survey, Elliot et al. (2005)). c Standard

  5. PHYSICAL REVIEW E 84, 046107 (2011) Spectral properties of directed random networks with modular structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Baowen

    2011-01-01

    structure Sarika Jalan* School of Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Indore, IET-DAVV Campus, Khandwa Road, Indore 452017, India and Department of Physics and Centre for Computational Science

  6. Using Plasmon Peaks in Electron Energy-Loss Spectroscopy to Determine the Physical and Mechanical Properties of Nanoscale Materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Howe, James M.

    2013-05-09

    In this program, we developed new theoretical and experimental insights into understanding the relationships among fundamental universality and scaling phenomena, the solid-state physical and mechanical properties of materials, and the volume plasmon energy as measured by electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS). Particular achievements in these areas are summarized as follows: (i) Using a previously proposed physical model based on the universal binding-energy relation (UBER), we established close phenomenological connections regarding the influence of the valence electrons in materials on the longitudinal plasma oscillations (plasmons) and various solid-state properties such as the optical constants (including absorption and dispersion), elastic constants, cohesive energy, etc. (ii) We found that carbon materials, e.g., diamond, graphite, diamond-like carbons, hydrogenated and amorphous carbon films, exhibit strong correlations in density vs. Ep (or maximum of the volume plasmon peak) and density vs. hardness, both from available experimental data and ab initio DFT calculations. This allowed us to derive a three-dimensional relationship between hardness and the plasmon energy, that can be used to determine experimentally both hardness and density of carbon materials based on measurements of the plasmon peak position. (iii) As major experimental accomplishments, we demonstrated the possibility of in-situ monitoring of changes in the physical properties of materials with conditions, e.g., temperature, and we also applied a new plasmon ratio-imaging technique to map multiple physical properties of materials, such as the elastic moduli, cohesive energy and bonding electron density, with a sub-nanometer lateral resolution. This presents new capability for understanding material behavior. (iv) Lastly, we demonstrated a new physical phenomenon - electron-beam trapping, or �¢����electron tweezers�¢��� - of a solid metal nanoparticle inside a liquid metal. This phenomenon is analogous to that of optical trapping of solid microparticles in solution known as "optical tweezers", which is currently being used to manipulate molecules and inorganic materials in a variety of nanotechnology applications.

  7. Heat treatment effect on the physical properties of cobalt doped TiO{sub 2} sol–gel materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Samet, L., E-mail: lolwasamet@gmail.com [Institut Préparatoires aux Etudes d'Ingénieurs d'El-Manar, Université Tunis El Manar, Campus Universitaire, 2092 El Manar (Tunisia); Laboratoire de Photovoltaique de Semi-conducteur et de Nanostructure, Centre de Recherches et des Technologies de l'Energie, Technopole borj cedria, Bp 95, hammamm lif 2050 (Tunisia); Ben Nasseur, J.; Chtourou, R. [Laboratoire de Photovoltaique de Semi-conducteur et de Nanostructure, Centre de Recherches et des Technologies de l'Energie, Technopole borj cedria, Bp 95, hammamm lif 2050 (Tunisia); March, K.; Stephan, O. [Laboratoire de Physique des Solides, UMR 8502 CNRS - Université Paris-Sud, Bât 510, 91405 Orsay cedex (France)

    2013-11-15

    Cobalt doped and undoped TiO{sub 2} powders have been prepared by sol–gel technique and annealed at temperatures ranging from 400 °C to 1000 °C. The effects of annealing temperature on the structural, morphological and optical properties have been characterized by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, electron energy-loss spectroscopy and diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. For all doped samples there is a general reduction of the band gap energy, in comparison with undoped samples prepared in the same conditions. More specifically, experimental results indicate that cobalt doping, occurring as Co{sup 2+} ion insertion into the TiO{sub 2} (Ti{sup 4+}) host lattice, inhibits the growth of the crystallites and delays the phase transformation from anatase to rutile. Moreover, at high temperature, a secondary phase (CoTiO{sub 3}) is found to coexist with highly crystalline rutile. These structural characteristics are discussed in relation with the observed general trends for the optical properties. - Highlights: • Cobalt doped and undoped TiO{sub 2} powders have been prepared by sol–gel route. • Doping makes the band gap narrower. • Doping delays the phase transformation from anatase to rutile. • Doping inhibits the growth of the crystallites. • At high annealing temperature a CoTiO{sub 3} phase coexists with highly crystalline rutile.

  8. PHYSICAL REVIEW B 91, 205203 (2015) Composition-dependent structural and transport properties of amorphous transparent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Medvedeva, Julia E.

    2015-01-01

    , USA 2 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois correlations in the formation of amorphous oxides and their transport properties. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.91

  9. Fluctuations in ASHRAE Refrigerant Physical Properties and the Effect on Single and Two Phase Flow 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagy, Paul

    2014-11-17

    handbook edition is released. Thirteen properties (liquid and vapor viscosity, thermal conductivity, specific heat, enthalpy, surface tension, density and specific volume) from five widely used refrigerants (R-22, R-134a, R-410a, R-152a, R-600a...

  10. How Physical and Chemical Properties Change Ice Nucleation Efficiency of Soot and Polyaromatic Hydrocarbon Particles 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suter, Katie Ann

    2012-10-19

    freezing. The mechanism by which this freezing occurs depends on the ambient conditions and composition of the IN. Aerosol properties change through chemical aging and reactions with atmospheric oxidants such as ozone. We have conducted a series...

  11. Variations in chemical and physical properties of Amazon forest soils in relation to their genesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    properties of Amazon forest soils in relation to theirD. , and McCracken, R. J. : Soil genesis and classification,Phosphorus, in: Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 3, Chemi- cal

  12. Correlation between physical and acoustic properties in surficial sediments of the Northwest Gulf of Mexico 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bean, Daniel A

    2000-01-01

    A high-resolution analysis of the properties of bulk density, grain density, P-wave velocity, impedance, porosity, water content, and sand/ silt/clay content was performed on 126 short cores (<120cm) associated with LATEX hydrography stations...

  13. Chemical and Physical Properties of Atmospheric Aerosols (a) A Case Study in the Unique Properties of Agricultural Aerosols (b) The Role of Chemical Composition in Ice Nucleation during the Arctic Spring 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moon, Seong-Gi

    2011-08-08

    dataset is reported for these physical and chemical properties of agricultural aerosols appropriate for use in a site-specific emission inventory. The emission rate and transport of the aerosols are also discussed. In addition, mixing ratios of total...

  14. Comparison of physical properties of quiet and active regions through the analysis of magnetohydrodynamic simulations of the solar photosphere

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Criscuoli, S.

    2013-11-20

    Recent observations have shown that the photometric and dynamic properties of granulation and small-scale magnetic features depend on the amount of magnetic flux of the region they are embedded in. We analyze results from numerical hydrodynamic and magnetohydrodynamic simulations characterized by different amounts of average magnetic flux and find qualitatively the same differences as those reported from observations. We show that these different physical properties result from the inhibition of convection induced by the presence of the magnetic field, which changes the temperature stratification of both quiet and magnetic regions. Our results are relevant for solar irradiance variations studies, as such differences are still not properly taken into account in irradiance reconstruction models.

  15. Construction and physical properties of Kerr black holes with scalar hair

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlos Herdeiro; Eugen Radu

    2015-05-04

    Kerr black holes with scalar hair are solutions of the Einstein-Klein-Gordon field equations describing regular (on and outside an event horizon), asymptotically flat black holes with scalar hair (arXiv:1403.2757). These black holes interpolate continuously between the Kerr solution and rotating boson stars in D=4 spacetime dimensions. Here we provide details on their construction, discussing properties of the ansatz, the field equations, the boundary conditions and the numerical strategy. Then, we present an overview of the parameter space of the solutions, and describe in detail the space-time structure of the black holes exterior geometry and of the scalar field for a sample of reference solutions. Phenomenological properties of potential astrophysical interest are also discussed, and the stability properties and possible generalizations are commented on. As supplementary material to this paper we make available numerical data files for the sample of reference solutions discussed, for public use.

  16. The effects of drainage and amendments on the physical and chemical properties of bauxite residue 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Thomas Lee

    1987-01-01

    on the properties of the residue were studied. The objective was to improve the properties of the residue before adding it to sandy soils. The CEC increased with pH, as would be expected with variable-charge minerals, and the adsorption of phosphate decreased...), or into the ocean (Baseden, 1976). Baseden (1976) reported that seawater could be mixed with the residue, reducing the pH of the residue by precipitating Ca and Ng carbonates. The resulting supernatant solution was then pumped into the ocean. This method...

  17. Prediction of cement physical properties by virtual testing C.J. Haecker

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bentz, Dale P.

    industry performs extensive physical testing to assess the quality9f their product, resulting in large, compressive strength development, and pore solution concentrations. When the starting materials high quality long lasting concrete structures, cements of a high and consistent quality must

  18. Structural and physical properties of the new intermetallic compound P. Solokha a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryan, Dominic

    Keywords: Ab initio powder structure determination Stannides Magnetic properties a b s t r a c powder X-ray diffraction data. The compound crystallizes as a new structure type in the orthorhombic Elements GmbH, Vienna, Austria), palladium (foil,

  19. Properties of potential eco-friendly gas replacements for particle detectors in high-energy physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benussi, L; Piccolo, D; Saviano, G; Colafranceschi, S; Kjřlbro, J; Sharma, A; Yang, D; Chen, G; Ban, Y; Li, Q

    2015-01-01

    Modern gas detectors for detection of particles require F-based gases for optimal performance. Recent regulations demand the use of environmentally unfriendly F-based gases to be limited or banned. This review studies properties of potential eco-friendly gas candidate replacements.

  20. Properties of potential eco-friendly gas replacements for particle detectors in high-energy physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benussi, L; Piccolo, D; Saviano, G; Colafranceschi, S; Kjřlbro, J; Yang, D; Chen, G; Ban, Y; Li, Q; Sharma, A

    2015-01-01

    Modern gas detectors for detection of particles require F-based gases for op- timal performance. Recent regulations demand the use of environmentally un- friendly Freon-based gases to be limited or banned. This review studies properties of potential eco-friendly gas candidate replacements.

  1. Study of physical and chemical properties of vitrinites. Inferences on depositional and coalification controls

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , textural and coking properties was carried out on vitrains from the Puertollano, Blanzy­Montçeau, Asturias (subbituminous/high volatile C bituminous coals). The characteristics of the Puertollano vitrains described here can also be attributed to the telocollinite (>80% vol.) for the high volatile C bituminous coal

  2. From scale properties of physical amplitudes to a predictive formulation of the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Battistel, O. A. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, 97119-900 Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil); Dallabona, G. [Departamento de Ciencias Exatas, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Cx. Postal 37, 37200-000, Lavras, Minas Gerais (Brazil)

    2009-10-15

    The predictive power of the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model is considered in the light of a novel strategy to handle the divergences typical of perturbative calculations. The referred calculational strategy eliminates unphysical dependencies on the arbitrary choices for the routing of internal momenta and symmetry violating terms. In the present work we extend a previous one on the same issue by including vector interactions and performing the discussion in a more general context: the role of scale arbitrariness for the consistency of the calculations is considered. We show that the imposition of arbitrary scale independence for the consistent regularized amplitudes lead to additional properties for the irreducible divergent objects. These properties allow us to parametrize the remaining freedom in terms of a unique constant where resides all the arbitrariness involved. By searching for the best value for the arbitrary parameter we find a critical condition for the existence of an acceptable physical value for the dynamically generated quark mass. Such critical condition fixes the remaining arbitrariness turning the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio into a predictive model in the sense that its phenomenological consequences do not depend on possible choices made in intermediary steps. Numerical results are obtained for physical quantities like the vector and axial-vector masses and their coupling constants as genuine predictions.

  3. Physical properties of various soil mixtures used for golf green construction 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johns, Don

    1976-01-01

    that the Brady sand would provide a medium for growth and maintenance of turf- grass superior to either brick or concrete sand. No differences were found between peat moss and rice hulls in their effects on infiltration, water holding capacity, CEC, or root.... The mixtures were placed in 30 cm diameter containers. Green- house measurements were compared to measurements made in the USGA Physical Soil Test Laboratory. The mixtures were compacted, grass was established and the mixtures were recompacted. Infiltration...

  4. Grinding energy and physical properties of chopped and hammer-milled barley, wheat, oat, and canola straws

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J.S. Tumuluru; L.G. Tabil; Y. Song; K.L. Iroba; V. Meda

    2014-01-01

    In the present study, specific energy for grinding and physical properties of wheat, canola, oat and barley straw grinds were investigated. The initial moisture content of the straw was about 0.13–0.15 (fraction total mass basis). Particle size reduction experiments were conducted in two stages: (1) a chopper without a screen, and (2) a hammer mill using three screen sizes (19.05, 25.4, and 31.75 mm). The lowest grinding energy (1.96 and 2.91 kWh t-1) was recorded for canola straw using a chopper and hammer mill with 19.05-mm screen size, whereas the highest (3.15 and 8.05 kWh t-1) was recorded for barley and oat straws. The physical properties (geometric mean particle diameter, bulk, tapped and particle density, and porosity) of the chopped and hammer-milled wheat, barley, canola, and oat straw grinds measured were in the range of 0.98–4.22 mm, 36–80 kg m-3, 49–119 kg m-3, 600–1220 kg m-3, and 0.9–0.96, respectively. The average mean particle diameter was highest for the chopped wheat straw (4.22-mm) and lowest for the canola grind (0.98-mm). The canola grinds produced using the hammer mill (19.05-mm screen size) had the highest bulk and tapped density of about 80 and 119 kg m-3; whereas, the wheat and oat grinds had the lowest of about 58 and 88–90 kg m-3. The results indicate that the bulk and tapped densities are inversely proportional to the particle size of the grinds. The flow properties of the grinds calculated are better for chopped straws compared to hammer milled using smaller screen size (19.05 mm).

  5. CONSTRAINING PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF TYPE IIn SUPERNOVAE THROUGH RISE TIMES AND PEAK LUMINOSITIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moriya, Takashi J.; Maeda, Keiichi

    2014-08-01

    We investigate the diversity in the wind density, supernova ejecta energy, and ejecta mass in Type IIn supernovae based on their rise times and peak luminosities. We show that the wind density and supernova ejecta properties can be estimated independently if both the rise time and peak luminosity are observed. The peak luminosity is mostly determined by the supernova properties and the rise time can be used to estimate the wind density. We find that the ejecta energies of Type IIn supernovae need to vary by factors of 0.2-5 from the average if their ejecta masses are similar. The diversity in the observed rise times indicates that their wind densities vary by factors of 0.2-2 from the average. We show that Type IIn superluminous supernovae should have not only large wind density but also large ejecta energy and/or small ejecta mass to explain their large luminosities and the rise times at the same time. We also note that shock breakout does not necessarily occur in the wind even if it is optically thick, except for the case of superluminous supernovae, and we analyze the observational data both with and without assuming that the shock breakout occurs in the dense wind of Type IIn supernovae.

  6. Physical and mechanical properties of single and large crystal high-RRR niobium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ganapati Myneni

    2005-07-10

    High RRR bulk niobium SRF cavities are the building blocks of the latest and future particle accelerators, free electron lasers (FEL's) and energy recovery linacs (ERL's.). These cavities are fabricated from high purity (RRR) poly crystalline niobium sheets via deep drawing, e-beam welding and surface treatment to obtain high accelerating gradients and quality factors. However, the starting bulk RRR niobium properties are not yet optimized with respect to both cost reduction and achievement of ultimate performance. A major limitation in achieving the highest performance can possibly be attributed to imperfections at or near the grain boundaries. Recently, at Jefferson Lab single/large grain RRR niobium cavities are developed using customized RRR ingots with optimized amounts of impurities such as Tantalum and minimizing the interstitial contents (O, C, N and H).

  7. Cosmological Implications and Physical Properties of an X-Ray Flux-Limited Sample of Galaxy Clusters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas H. Reiprich

    2003-08-08

    The original abstract significantly exceeds the space available here, so here's a brief summary. The abstract is similar to the abstract of astro-ph/0111285 (ApJ, 567, 716) which describes the X-ray galaxy cluster sample HIFLUGCS, the X-ray luminosity--gravitational mass relation, the cluster mass function, and the derived cosmological constraints. Additionally, the fraction of the total gravitating mass in the universe which is contained in intracluster gas is quantified. Furthermore, physical properties of the cluster sample have been studied and analyses of relations between different cluster parameters (including the gas mass fraction, gas temperature, X-ray luminosity, gas mass, gravitational mass, beta, and core radius) are discussed. Also, results from an analysis of XMM-Newton performance verification phase data of Abell 1835 are described.

  8. DOE THREE-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURE AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF A METHANE HYDRATE DEPOSIT AND GAS RESERVOIR, BLAKE RIDGE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    W. Steven Holbrook

    2004-11-11

    This report contains a summary of work conducted and results produced under the auspices of award DE-FC26-00NT40921, ''DOE Three-Dimensional Structure and Physical Properties of a Methane Hydrate Deposit and Gas Reservoir, Blake Ridge.'' This award supported acquisition, processing, and interpretation of two- and three-dimensional seismic reflection data over a large methane hydrate reservoir on the Blake Ridge, offshore South Carolina. The work supported by this project has led to important new conclusions regarding (1) the use of seismic reflection data to directly detect methane hydrate, (2) the migration and possible escape of free gas through the hydrate stability zone, and (3) the mechanical controls on the maximum thickness of the free gas zone and gas escape.

  9. Spreading of crude petroleum in brash ice; Effects of oil`s physical properties and water current

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sayed, M.; Kotlyar, L.S.; Sparks, B.D.

    1994-12-31

    Experiments were conducted in a refrigerated, circulating current flume to examine crude oil spreading in brash ice. Amauligak, Hibernia and Norman Wells crudes were tested. Measurements of the physical properties of the oils were also conducted, including: surface and interfacial tensions as well as viscosities. Spreading coefficients were calculated from measured surface and interfacial tensions. Results were obtained for original and weathered oils. For the spreading tests, spill volumes up to 3 liters and water currents up to 0.55 m/s were used. Tests were done using both fresh water ice and saline ice. Slick dimensions were measured, and modes of oil spreading were observed. Slick dimensions depended on oil type, but were not influenced by water current. Oils of high spreading coefficient and low viscosity spread over larger areas than those with low spreading coefficient and high viscosity.

  10. Physical properties and analytical models of band-to-band tunneling in low-bandgap semiconductors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shih, Chun-Hsing Dang Chien, Nguyen

    2014-01-28

    Low-bandgap semiconductors, such as InAs and InSb, are widely considered to be ideal for use in tunnel field-effect transistors to ensure sufficient on-current boosting at low voltages. This work elucidates the physical and mathematical considerations of applying conventional band-to-band tunneling models in low-bandgap semiconductors, and presents a new analytical alternative for practical use. The high-bandgap tunneling generates most at maximum field region with shortest tunnel path, whereas the low-bandgap generations occur dispersedly because of narrow tunnel barrier. The local electrical field associated with tunneling-electron numbers dominates in low-bandgap materials. This work proposes decoupled electric-field terms in the pre-exponential factor and exponential function of generation-rate expressions. Without fitting, the analytical results and approximated forms exhibit great agreements with the sophisticated forms both in high- and low-bandgap semiconductors. Neither nonlocal nor local field is appropriate to be used in numerical simulations for predicting the tunneling generations in a variety of low- and high-bandgap semiconductors.

  11. The BLAST Survey of the Vela Molecular Cloud: Physical Properties of the Dense Cores in Vela-D

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olmi, Luca; Angles-Alcazar, Daniel; Bock, James J; Chapin, Edward L; De Luca, Massimo; Devlin, Mark J; Dicker, Simon; Elia, Davide; Fazio, Giovanni G; Giannini, Teresa; Griffin, Matthew; Gundersen, Joshua O; Halpern, Mark; Hargrave, Peter C; Hughes, David H; Klein, Jeff; Lorenzetti, Dario; Marengo, Massimo; Marsden, Gaelen; Martin, Peter G; Massi, Fabrizio; Mauskopf, Philip; Netterfield, Calvin B; Patanchon, Guillaume; Rex, Marie; Salama, Alberto; Scott, Douglas; Semisch, Christopher; Smith, Howard A; Strafella, Francesco; Thomas, Nicholas; Truch, Matthew D P; Tucker, Carole; Tucker, Gregory S; Viero, Marco P; Wiebe, Donald V

    2009-01-01

    The Balloon-borne Large-Aperture Submillimeter Telescope (BLAST) carried out a 250, 350 and 500 micron survey of the galactic plane encompassing the Vela Molecular Ridge, with the primary goal of identifying the coldest, dense cores possibly associated with the earliest stages of star formation. Here we present the results from observations of the Vela-D region, covering about 4 square degrees, in which we find 141 BLAST cores. We exploit existing data taken with the Spitzer MIPS, IRAC and SEST-SIMBA instruments to constrain their (single-temperature) spectral energy distributions, assuming a dust emissivity index beta = 2.0. This combination of data allows us to determine the temperature, luminosity and mass of each BLAST core, and also enables us to separate starless from proto-stellar sources. We also analyze the effects that the uncertainties on the derived physical parameters of the individual sources have on the overall physical properties of starless and proto-stellar cores, and we find that there appe...

  12. Improved crystal orientation and physical properties from single-shot XFEL stills

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sauter, Nicholas K., E-mail: nksauter@lbl.gov; Hattne, Johan; Brewster, Aaron S.; Echols, Nathaniel; Zwart, Petrus H.; Adams, Paul D. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

    2014-12-01

    X-ray free-electron laser crystallography relies on the collection of still-shot diffraction patterns. New methods are developed for optimal modeling of the crystals’ orientations and mosaic block properties. X-ray diffraction patterns from still crystals are inherently difficult to process because the crystal orientation is not uniquely determined by measuring the Bragg spot positions. Only one of the three rotational degrees of freedom is directly coupled to spot positions; the other two rotations move Bragg spots in and out of the reflecting condition but do not change the direction of the diffracted rays. This hinders the ability to recover accurate structure factors from experiments that are dependent on single-shot exposures, such as femtosecond diffract-and-destroy protocols at X-ray free-electron lasers (XFELs). Here, additional methods are introduced to optimally model the diffraction. The best orientation is obtained by requiring, for the brightest observed spots, that each reciprocal-lattice point be placed into the exact reflecting condition implied by Bragg’s law with a minimal rotation. This approach reduces the experimental uncertainties in noisy XFEL data, improving the crystallographic R factors and sharpening anomalous differences that are near the level of the noise.

  13. Modeling of Some Physical Properties of Zirconium Alloys for Nuclear Applications in Support of UFD Campaign

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael V. Glazoff

    2013-08-01

    Zirconium-based alloys Zircaloy-2 and Zircaloy-4 are widely used in the nuclear industry as cladding materials for light water reactor (LWR) fuels. These materials display a very good combination of properties such as low neutron absorption, creep behavior, stress-corrosion cracking resistance, reduced hydrogen uptake, corrosion and/or oxidation, especially in the case of Zircaloy-4. However, over the last couple of years, in the post-Fukushima Daiichi world, energetic efforts have been undertaken to improve fuel clad oxidation resistance during off-normal temperature excursions. Efforts have also been made to improve upon the already achieved levels of mechanical behavior and reduce hydrogen uptake. In order to facilitate the development of such novel materials, it is very important to achieve not only engineering control, but also a scientific understanding of the underlying material degradation mechanisms, both in working conditions and in storage of used nuclear fuel. This report strives to contribute to these efforts by constructing the thermodynamic models of both alloys; constructing of the respective phase diagrams, and oxidation mechanisms. A special emphasis was placed upon the role of zirconium suboxides in hydrogen uptake reduction and the atomic mechanisms of oxidation. To that end, computational thermodynamics calculations were conducted concurrently with first-principles atomistic modeling.

  14. Superconductivity and Physical Properties of CaPd2Ge2 Single Crystals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anand, V K; Kim, Hyunsoo; Tanatar, Makariy A; Prozorov, Ruslan; Johnston, David C

    2014-10-08

    We present the superconducting and normal state properties of CaPd2Ge2 single crystals investigated by magnetic susceptibility ?, isothermal magnetization M, heat capacity Cp, in-plane electrical resistivity ? and London penetration depth ? versus temperature T and magnetic field H measurements. Bulk superconductivity is inferred from the ?(T) and Cp(T) data. The ?(T) data exhibit metallic behavior and a superconducting transition with Tc onset = 1.98 K and zero resistivity at Tc 0 = 1.67 K. The ?(T) reveals the onset of superconductivity at 2.0 K. For T > 2.0 K, the ?(T) and M(H) are weakly anisotropic paramagnetic with ?ab > ?c. The Cp(T) data confirm the bulk superconductivity below Tc = 1.69(3) K. The superconducting state electronic heat capacity is analyzed within the framework of a single-band ?-model of BCS superconductivity and various normal and superconducting state parameters are estimated. Within the ?-model, the Cp(T) data and the ab plane ?(T) data consistently indicate a moderately anisotropic s-wave gap with ?(0)/kBTc ? 1.6, somewhat smaller than the BCS value of 1.764. The relationship of the heat capacity jump at Tc and the penetration depth measurement to the anisotropy in the s-wave gap is discussed.

  15. Modulation of physical and photocatalytic properties of (Cr, N) codoped TiO{sub 2} nanorods using soft solution processing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lu, Wen-Chung [Institute of Nanotechnology and Microsystems Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, No. 1, University Road, Tainan City 70101, Taiwan (China); Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, No. 1, University Road, Tainan City 70101, Taiwan (China); Nguyen, Hoang-Diem; Wu, Chun-Yi [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, No. 1, University Road, Tainan City 70101, Taiwan (China); Chang, Kao-Shuo, E-mail: kschang@mail.ncku.edu.tw; Yoshimura, Masahiro [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, No. 1, University Road, Tainan City 70101, Taiwan (China); Promotion Center for Global Materials Research (PCGMR), National Cheng Kung University, No. 1, University Road, Tainan City 70101, Taiwan (China)

    2014-04-14

    Facile polymerized complex reactions together with a hydrothermal reaction were implemented to make single crystalline TiO{sub 2} nanorods for the first time. Chromium (Cr) and nitrogen (N{sub 2}) co-doping was performed to tailor the physical properties. Transmission electron microscopy and x-ray diffraction study illustrated that highly reactive facets of (101), (111), and (001) dominated rutile TiO{sub 2} nanorods. A growth model, based on formation of complex species, was proposed to elucidate effectiveness of the soft solution processing in making TiO{sub 2} nanorods. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis and consideration of fundamentals of charge neutrality showed N{sub 2} doping could inhibit formation of Cr{sup 6+} and oxygen vacancies (V{sub O}{sup 2+}). An investigation of the photocatalytic properties exhibited high efficiency of photodegradation of methylene blue in 15?min under pH?=?10, using a nanocomposite of (7% Cr, 0.0021% N) codoped and 3% Cr doped TiO{sub 2} nanorods.

  16. Polymer/organosilica nanocomposites based on polyimide with benzimidazole linkages and reactive organoclay containing isoleucine amino acid: Synthesis, characterization and morphology properties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mallakpour, Shadpour; Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials Institute, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan 84156-83111, Islamic Republic of Iran ; Dinari, Mohammad

    2012-09-15

    Highlights: ? A reactive organoclay was formed using L-isoleucine amino acid as a swelling agent. ? Polyimide was synthesized from benzimidazole diamine and pyromellitic dianhydride. ? Imide and benzimidazole groups assured the thermal stability of the nanocomposites. ? Nanocomposite films were prepared by an in situ polymerization reaction. ? The TEM micrographs of nanocomposites revealed well-exfoliated structures. -- Abstract: Polyimide–silica nanocomposites are attractive hybrid architectures that possess excellent mechanical, thermal and chemical properties. But, the dispersion of inorganic domains in the polymer matrix and the compatibility between the organic and inorganic phases are critical factors in these hybrid systems. In this investigation, a reactive organoclay was prepared via ion exchange reaction between protonated form of difunctional L-isoleucine amino acid as a swelling agent and Cloisite Na{sup +} montmorillonite. Amine functional groups of this swelling agent formed an ionic bond with the negatively charged silicates, whereas the remaining acid functional groups were available for further interaction with polymer chains. Then organo-soluble polyimide (PI) have been successfully synthesized from the reaction of 2-(3,5-diaminophenyl)-benzimidazole and pyromellitic dianhydride in N,N-dimethylacetamide. Finally, PI/organoclay nanocomposite films enclosing 1%, 3%, 5%, 7% and 10% of synthesized organoclay were successfully prepared by an in situ polymerization reaction through thermal imidization. The synthesized hybrid materials were subsequently characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, electron microscopy, and thermogravimetric analysis techniques. The PI/organoclay nanocomposite films have good optical transparencies and the mechanical properties were substantially improved by the incorporation of the reactive organoclay.

  17. Modeling morphology evolution during solvent-based fabrication of organic solar cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olga Wodo; Baskar Ganapathysubramanian

    2012-02-29

    Solvent-based techniques usually involve preparing dilute blends of electron-donor and electron-acceptor materials dissolved in a volatile solvent. After some form of coating onto a substrate, the solvent evaporates. An initially homogeneous mixture separates into electron-acceptor rich and electron-donor rich regions as the solvent evaporates. Depending on the specifics of the blend and processing conditions different morphologies are typically formed. Experimental evidence consistently confirms that the morphology critically affects device performance. A computational framework that can predict morphology evolution can significantly augment experimental analysis. Such a framework will also allow high throughput analysis of the large phase space of processing parameters, thus yielding insight into the process-structure-property relationships. In this paper, we formulate a computational framework to predict evolution of morphology during solvent-based fabrication of organic thin films. This is accomplished by developing a phase field-based model of evaporation-induced and substrate-induced phase-separation in ternary systems. This formulation allows all the important physical phenomena affecting morphology evolution during fabrication to be naturally incorporated. We discuss the various numerical and computational challenges associated with a three dimensional, finite-element based, massively parallel implementation of this framework. This formulation allows, for the first time, to model 3D morphology evolution over large time spans on device scale domains. We illustrate this framework by investigating and quantifying the effect of various process and system variables on morphology evolution. We explore ways to control the morphology evolution by investigating different evaporation rates, blend ratios and interaction parameters between components.

  18. Transfer of Physical and Hydraulic Properties Databases to the Hanford Environmental Information System - PNNL Remediation Decision Support Project, Task 1, Activity 6

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rockhold, Mark L.; Middleton, Lisa A.

    2009-03-31

    This report documents the requirements for transferring physical and hydraulic property data compiled by PNNL into the Hanford Environmental Information System (HEIS). The Remediation Decision Support (RDS) Project is managed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to support Hanford Site waste management and remedial action decisions by the U.S. Department of Energy and one of their current site contractors - CH2M-Hill Plateau Remediation Company (CHPRC). The objective of Task 1, Activity 6 of the RDS project is to compile all available physical and hydraulic property data for sediments from the Hanford Site, to port these data into the Hanford Environmental Information System (HEIS), and to make the data web-accessible to anyone on the Hanford Local Area Network via the so-called Virtual Library.1 These physical and hydraulic property data are used to estimate parameters for analytical and numerical flow and transport models that are used for site risk assessments and evaluation of remedial action alternatives. In past years efforts were made by RDS project staff to compile all available physical and hydraulic property data for Hanford sediments and to transfer these data into SoilVision{reg_sign}, a commercial geotechnical software package designed for storing, analyzing, and manipulating soils data. Although SoilVision{reg_sign} has proven to be useful, its access and use restrictions have been recognized as a limitation to the effective use of the physical and hydraulic property databases by the broader group of potential users involved in Hanford waste site issues. In order to make these data more widely available and useable, a decision was made to port them to HEIS and to make them web-accessible via a Virtual Library module. In FY08 the original objectives of this activity on the RDS project were to: (1) ensure traceability and defensibility of all physical and hydraulic property data currently residing in the SoilVision{reg_sign} database maintained by PNNL, (2) transfer the physical and hydraulic property data from the Microsoft Access database files used by SoilVision{reg_sign} into HEIS, which is currently being maintained by CHRPC, (3) develop a Virtual Library module for accessing these data from HEIS, and (4) write a User's Manual for the Virtual Library module. The intent of these activities is to make the available physical and hydraulic property data more readily accessible and useable by technical staff and operable unit managers involved in waste site assessments and remedial action decisions for Hanford. In FY08 communications were established between PNNL and staff from Fluor-Hanford Co. (who formerly managed HEIS) to outline the design of a Virtual Library module that could be used to access the physical and hydraulic property data that are to be transferred into HEIS. Data dictionaries used by SoilVision{reg_sign} were also provided to Fluor-Hanford personnel (who are now with CHPRC). During ongoing work to ensure traceability and defensibility of all physical and hydraulic property data that currently reside in the SoilVision{reg_sign} database, it was recognized that further work would be required in this effort before the data were actually ported into HEIS. Therefore work on the Virtual Library module development and an accompanying User's Guide was deferred until an unspecified later date. In FY09 efforts have continued to verify the traceability and defensibility of the physical and hydraulic property datasets that are currently being maintained by PNNL. Although this is a work in progress, several of these datasets should be ready for transfer to HEIS in the very near future. This document outlines a plan for the migration of these datasets into HEIS.

  19. Pyrite is a mineral that is sometimes mistaken for gold, hence the nickname "fool's gold." By comparing the physical properties, one can easily distinguish

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polly, David

    ." By comparing the physical properties, one can easily distinguish between the two minerals. Pyrite is less dense, sphalerite, as well as other minerals. In Indiana, pyrite can be found in organic-rich shale, coal, and in the production of sulfuric acid. The chemical weathering of pyrite can have undesirable effects in coal mines

  20. 2004 Pollock Year-Class Prediction: Average Recruitment This forecast is based on five data sources: three physical properties and two biological data sets.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 2004 Pollock Year-Class Prediction: Average Recruitment DATA This forecast is based on five data sources: three physical properties and two biological data sets. The sources are: 1) Observed 2004 Kodiak precipitation totals (inches) from hourly observations. Data for 2004 were obtained from the NOAA National

  1. PHYSICAL REVIEW B 91, 245202 (2015) Improved predictions of the physical properties of Zn-and Cd-based wide band-gap

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Curtarolo, Stefano

    2015-01-01

    Department of Physics, Central Michigan University, Mt. Pleasant, Michigan 48859, USA 2 Center for Materials scrutiny for their potential applications in spintronics, optoelectronics, and photovoltaics [1

  2. Investigation of the physical properties of the tetragonal CeMAl4Si2 (M = Rh, Ir, Pt) compounds

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Ghimire, N. J.; Ronning, F.; Williams, D. J.; Scott, B. L.; Luo, Yongkang; Thompson, J. D.; Bauer, E. D.

    2014-12-15

    The synthesis, crystal structure and physical properties studied by means of x-ray diffraction, magnetic, thermal and transport measurements of CeMAl4Si2 (M = Rh, Ir, Pt) are reported, along with the electronic structure calculations for LaMAl4Si2 (M = Rh, Ir, Pt). These materials adopt a tetragonal crystal structure (space group P4/mmm) comprised of BaAl4 blocks, separated by MAl2 units, stacked along the c-axis. Both CeRhAl4Si2 and CeIrAl4Si2 order antiferromagnetically below TN1 = 14 and 16 K, respectively, and undergo a second antiferromagnetic transitition at lower temperature (TN2 = 9 and 14 K, respectively). CePtAl4Si2 orders ferromagnetically below TC = 3 Kmore »with an ordered moment of ?sat = 0.8 ?B for a magnetic field applied perpendicular to the c-axis. Electronic structure calculations reveal quasi-2D character of the Fermi surface.« less

  3. CONSTRAINTS ON THE PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF MAIN BELT COMET P/2013 R3 FROM ITS BREAKUP EVENT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hirabayashi, Masatoshi; Sánchez, Diego Paul; Gabriel, Travis; Scheeres, Daniel J.

    2014-07-01

    Jewitt et al. recently reported that main belt comet P/2013 R3 experienced a breakup, probably due to rotational disruption, with its components separating on mutually hyperbolic orbits. We propose a technique for constraining physical properties of the proto-body, especially the initial spin period and cohesive strength, as a function of the body's estimated size and density. The breakup conditions are developed by combining mutual orbit dynamics of the smaller components and the failure condition of the proto-body. Given a proto-body with a bulk density ranging from 1000 kg m{sup –3} to 1500 kg m{sup –3} (a typical range of the bulk density of C-type asteroids), we obtain possible values of the cohesive strength (40-210 Pa) and the initial spin state (0.48-1.9 hr). From this result, we conclude that although the proto-body could have been a rubble pile, it was likely spinning beyond its gravitational binding limit and would have needed cohesive strength to hold itself together. Additional observations of P/2013 R3 will enable stronger constraints on this event, and the present technique will be able to give more precise estimates of its internal structure.

  4. Physical properties of the gamma-ray binary LS 5039 through low and high frequency radio observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcote, B; Paredes, J M; Ishwara-Chandra, C H

    2015-01-01

    We have studied in detail the 0.15-15 GHz radio spectrum of the gamma-ray binary LS 5039 to look for a possible turnover and absorption mechanisms at low frequencies, and to constrain the physical properties of its emission. We have analysed two archival VLA monitorings, all the available archival GMRT data and a coordinated quasi-simultaneous observational campaign conducted in 2013 with GMRT and WSRT. The data show that the radio emission of LS 5039 is persistent on day, week and year timescales, with a variability $\\lesssim 25~\\%$ at all frequencies, and no signature of orbital modulation. The obtained spectra reveal a power-law shape with a curvature below 5 GHz and a turnover at $\\sim0.5$ GHz, which can be reproduced by a one-zone model with synchrotron self-absorption plus Razin effect. We obtain a coherent picture for a size of the emitting region of $\\sim0.85~\\mathrm{mas}$, setting a magnetic field of $B\\sim20~\\mathrm{mG}$, an electron density of $n_{\\rm e}\\sim4\\times10^5~{\\rm cm^{-3}}$ and a mass-los...

  5. Patel S. et al. 2001. Chemical and Physical Analyses of Wax Ester Properties. 8 pp. Journal of Insect Science, 1.4. Available online: insectscience.org/1.4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    Patel S. et al. 2001. Chemical and Physical Analyses of Wax Ester Properties. 8 pp. Journal.org Chemical and Physical Analyses of Wax Ester Properties Sejal Patel1 , Dennis R. Nelson2 and Allen G. Gibbs3 Abstract Wax esters are major constituents of the surface lipids in many terrestrial arthropods

  6. Functional Arabic Morphology Formal System and Implementation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    from the open-source Buckwalter lexicon and is enhanced with information sourcing from the syntacticFunctional Arabic Morphology Formal System and Implementation Otakar Smrz Doctoral Thesis Prague 2007 INSTITUTE OF FORMAL AND APPLIED LINGUISTICS FACULTY OF MATHEMATICS AND PHYSICS CHARLES UNIVERSITY

  7. Determining graphene adhesion via substrate-regulated morphology of graphene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Teng

    Determining graphene adhesion via substrate-regulated morphology of graphene Zhao Zhang and Teng Li Institute of Physics. Related Articles Identification of graphene crystallographic orientation by atomic two-dimensional, epitaxially-grown, nanostructured graphene for study of single molecule

  8. Status Report on Transfer of Physical and Hydraulic Properties Databases to the Hanford Environmental Information System - PNNL Remediation Decision Support Project, Task 1, Activity 6

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rockhold, Mark L.; Middleton, Lisa A.; Cantrell, Kirk J.

    2009-06-30

    This document provides a status report on efforts to transfer physical and hydraulic property data from PNNL to CHPRC for incorporation into HEIS. The Remediation Decision Support (RDS) Project is managed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to support Hanford Site waste management and remedial action decisions by the U.S. Department of Energy and their contractors. The objective of Task 1, Activity 6 of the RDS project is to compile all available physical and hydraulic property data for sediments from the Hanford Site, to port these data into the Hanford Environmental Information System (HEIS), and to make the data web-accessible to anyone on the Hanford Local Area Network via the so-called Virtual Library. These physical and hydraulic property data are used to estimate parameters for analytical and numerical flow and transport models that are used for site risk assessments and evaluation of remedial action alternatives. In past years efforts were made by RDS project staff to compile all available physical and hydraulic property data for Hanford sediments and to transfer these data into SoilVision{reg_sign}, a commercial geotechnical software package designed for storing, analyzing, and manipulating soils data. Although SoilVision{reg_sign} has proven to be useful, its access and use restrictions have been recognized as a limitation to the effective use of the physical and hydraulic property databases by the broader group of potential users involved in Hanford waste site issues. In order to make these data more widely available and useable, a decision was made to port them to HEIS and to make them web-accessible via a Virtual Library module. In FY08 the original objectives of this activity on the RDS project were to: (1) ensure traceability and defensibility of all physical and hydraulic property data currently residing in the SoilVision{reg_sign} database maintained by PNNL, (2) transfer the physical and hydraulic property data from the Microsoft Access database files used by SoilVision{reg_sign} into HEIS, which is currently being maintained by CH2M-Hill Plateau Remediation Company (CHRPC), (3) develop a Virtual Library module for accessing these data from HEIS, and (4) write a User's Manual for the Virtual Library module. The intent of these activities is to make the available physical and hydraulic property data more readily accessible and useable by technical staff and operable unit managers involved in waste site assessments and remedial action decisions for Hanford. In FY08 communications were established between PNNL and staff from Fluor-Hanford Co. (who formerly managed HEIS) to outline the design of a Virtual Library module that could be used to access the physical and hydraulic property data that are to be transferred into HEIS. Data dictionaries used by SoilVision{reg_sign} were also provided to Fluor-Hanford personnel who are now with CHPRC. During ongoing work to ensure traceability and defensibility of all physical and hydraulic property data that currently reside in the SoilVision{reg_sign} database, it was recognized that further work would be required in this effort before the data were actually ported into HEIS. Therefore work on the Virtual Library module development and an accompanying User's Guide was deferred until an unspecified later date. In FY09 efforts have continued to verify the traceability and defensibility of the physical and hydraulic property datasets that are currently being maintained by PNNL. Although this is a work in progress, several of these datasets are now ready for transfer to CHRPC for inclusion in HEIS. The actual loading of data into HEIS is performed by CHPRC staff, so after the data are transferred from PNNL to CHPRC, it will be the responsibility of CHPRC to ensure that these data are loaded and made accessible. This document provides a status report on efforts to transfer physical and hydraulic property data from PNNL to CHPRC for incorporation into HEIS.

  9. Biochar as a soil amendment: Impact on hydraulic and physical properties of an arable loamy sand soil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez, Vivian Dominique

    2014-01-01

    feedstocks and pyrolysis temperatures on soil physical andpyrolysis of papermill waste on agronomic performance and soilpyrolysis of papermill waste on agronomic performance and soil

  10. Physical properties of emission-line galaxies at z ? 2 from near-infrared spectroscopy with Magellan fire

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Masters, Daniel; Siana, Brian; Mobasher, Bahram; Domínguez, Alberto [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521 (United States); McCarthy, Patrick; Blanc, Guillermo; Dressler, Alan [Carnegie Observatories, Pasadena, CA 91101 (United States); Malkan, Mathew; Ross, Nathaniel R. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States); Atek, Hakim [Laboratoire d'Astrophysique Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale, CH-1290 Sauverny (Switzerland); Henry, Alaina [Astrophysics Science Division, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Martin, Crystal L. [Department of Physics, Universitey of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 (United States); Rafelski, Marc; Colbert, James [Spitzer Science Center, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Hathi, Nimish P. [Aix Marseille Université, CNRS, LAM (Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille) UMR 7326, F-13388 Marseille (France); Scarlata, Claudia [Minnesota Institute for Astrophysics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States); Bunker, Andrew J. [Department of Physics, University of Oxford (United Kingdom); Bedregal, Alejandro G. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Tufts University, Medford, MA 02155 (United States); Teplitz, Harry [Infrared Processing and Analysis Center, Caltech, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)

    2014-04-20

    We present results from near-infrared spectroscopy of 26 emission-line galaxies at z ? 2.2 and z ? 1.5 obtained with the Folded-port InfraRed Echellette (FIRE) spectrometer on the 6.5 m Magellan Baade telescope. The sample was selected from the WFC3 Infrared Spectroscopic Parallels survey, which uses the near-infrared grism of the Hubble Space Telescope Wide Field Camera 3 (WFC3) to detect emission-line galaxies over 0.3 ? z ? 2.3. Our FIRE follow-up spectroscopy (R ? 5000) over 1.0-2.5 ?m permits detailed measurements of the physical properties of the z ? 2 emission-line galaxies. Dust-corrected star formation rates for the sample range from ?5-100 M {sub ?} yr{sup –1} with a mean of 29 M {sub ?} yr{sup –1}. We derive a median metallicity for the sample of 12 + log(O/H) = 8.34 or ?0.45 Z {sub ?}. The estimated stellar masses range from ?10{sup 8.5}-10{sup 9.5} M {sub ?}, and a clear positive correlation between metallicity and stellar mass is observed. The average ionization parameter measured for the sample, log U ? –2.5, is significantly higher than what is found for most star-forming galaxies in the local universe, but similar to the values found for other star-forming galaxies at high redshift. We derive composite spectra from the FIRE sample, from which we measure typical nebular electron densities of ?100-400 cm{sup –3}. Based on the location of the galaxies and composite spectra on diagnostic diagrams, we do not find evidence for significant active galactic nucleus activity in the sample. Most of the galaxies, as well as the composites, are offset diagram toward higher [O III]/H? at a given [N II]/H?, in agreement with other observations of z ? 1 star-forming galaxies, but composite spectra derived from the sample do not show an appreciable offset from the local star-forming sequence on the [O III]/H? versus [S II]/H? diagram. We infer a high nitrogen-to-oxygen abundance ratio from the composite spectrum, which may contribute to the offset of the high-redshift galaxies from the local star-forming sequence in the [O III]/H? versus [N II]/H? diagram. We speculate that the elevated nitrogen abundance could result from substantial numbers of Wolf-Rayet stars in starbursting galaxies at z ? 2.

  11. Morphology Tuning of Strontium Tungstate Nanoparticles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joseph, S.; George, T. [Nirmala College, Muvattupuzha, 686 661, Kerala (India); George, K. C. [S.B. College, Changanacherry, 686 101, Kerala (India); Sunny, A. T.; Mathew, S. [School of Chemical Sciences, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, 686 560, Kerala (India)

    2007-08-22

    Strontium tungstate nanocrystals in two different morphologies are successfully synthesized by controlled precipitation in aqueous and in poly vinyl alcohol (PVA) medium. Structural characterizations are carried out by XRD and SEM. The average particle size calculated for the SrWO4 prepared in the two different solvents ranges 20-24 nm. The SEM pictures show that the surface morphologies of the SrWO4 nanoparticles in aqueous medium resemble mushroom and the SrWO4 nanoparticles in PVA medium resemble cauliflower. Investigations on the room temperature luminescent properties of the strontium tungstate nanoparticles prepared in aqueous and PVA medium shows strong emissions around 425 nm.

  12. Physical and chemical properties of dust produced in a N{sub 2}-CH{sub 4} RF plasma discharge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ouni, F.; Alcouffe, G.; Szopa, C.; Carrasco, N.; Cernogora, G.; Adande, G.; Thissen, R.; Quirico, E.; Brissaud, O.; Schmitz-Afonso, I.; Laprevote, O.

    2008-09-07

    Titan's atmospheric chemistry is simulated using a Capacitively Coupled Plasma discharge produced in a N{sub 2}-CH{sub 4} mixture. The produced solid particles are analysed ex-situ. Chemical properties are deduced from: elemental composition, FTIR and LTQ-Orbitrap mass spectrometer. Optical properties are deduced from reflectivity in visible and IR range.

  13. A literature review on the chemical and physical properties of uranyl fluoride (UO sub 2 F sub 2 )

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Myers, W.L. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA) Illinois Univ., Urbana, IL (USA). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering)

    1990-08-01

    This report reviews the preparation and properties of uranyl fluoride. Data are given on the crystal structure, solubility in water, specific gravity, density, specific heat, enthalpy, entropy, acidity, corrosion properties, and refractive indices. Empirical formulas are given to calculate specific gravity, density of aqueous solutions, molal volume, and refractive indices. 13 refs., 3 figs., 11 tabs.

  14. Chemical and Physical Properties of Breakfast Cereals and Snacks Made from Specialty Sorghums and Sorghum Bran Using Twin Screw Extruder 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asif, Muhammad

    2012-02-14

    and on in vitro starch digestibility of sorghum based cereals and snacks were observed. Gluten free and gluten containing breakfast cereal and snacks were developed with different physical, chemical and sensory characteristic. By increasing the sorghum and bran...

  15. Mesoscale morphologies in polymer thin films.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramanathan, M.; Darling, S. B. (Center for Nanoscale Materials)

    2011-06-01

    In the midst of an exciting era of polymer nanoscience, where the development of materials and understanding of properties at the nanoscale remain a major R&D endeavor, there are several exciting phenomena that have been reported at the mesoscale (approximately an order of magnitude larger than the nanoscale). In this review article, we focus on mesoscale morphologies in polymer thin films from the viewpoint of origination of structure formation, structure development and the interaction forces that govern these morphologies. Mesoscale morphologies, including dendrites, holes, spherulites, fractals and honeycomb structures have been observed in thin films of homopolymer, copolymer, blends and composites. Following a largely phenomenological level of description, we review the kinetic and thermodynamic aspects of mesostructure formation outlining some of the key mechanisms at play. We also discuss various strategies to direct, limit, or inhibit the appearance of mesostructures in polymer thin films as well as an outlook toward potential areas of growth in this field of research.

  16. Effect of carbonization temperature on the physical and electrochemical properties of supercapacitor electrode from fibers of oil palm empty fruit bunches

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ishak, M. M.; Deraman, M. Talib, I. A.; Basri, N. H.; Omar, R.; Nor, N. S. M.; Dolah, B. N. M.; Awitdrus,; Farma, R.; Taer, E.

    2015-04-16

    Self-adhesive carbon grains (SACG) was prepared from fibers of oil palm empty fruit bunches. The SACG green monoliths were carbonized in N{sub 2} environment at 400, 500, 600 and 700°C to produce carbon monoliths labeled as CM1, CM2, CM3 and CM4 respectively. The CMs were activated in CO{sub 2} surrounding at 800°C for 1 hour to produce activated carbon monolith electrodes (ACM1, ACM2, ACM3 and ACM4). The physical properties of the CMs and ACMs were investigated using X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and N{sub 2} adsorption-desorption isotherm techniques. ACMs were used as electrode to fabricate symmetry supercapacitor cells and the cells’ performances were investigated using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), cyclic voltammetry (CV) and galvanostatic charge-discharge (GCD) standard techniques. In this paper we report the physical and electrochemical properties of the ACM electrodes by analyzing the influence of the carbonization temperature on these properties.

  17. PHYSICAL REVIEW B 87, 165409 (2013) Anomalous Raman spectra and thickness-dependent electronic properties of WSe2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Junqiao

    2013-01-01

    preparation and/or as a result of the interaction between WSe2 and the substrate. Furthermore, we find.65.Pq, 81.16.Pr I. INTRODUCTION Owing to its extraordinary properties,1,2 graphene has already been

  18. Characterization and mapping of surface physical properties of Mars from CRISM multi-angular data: application to Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernando, J; Pilorget, C; Pinet, P; Ceamanos, X; Douté, S; Daydou, Y; Costard, F

    2014-01-01

    The analysis of the surface texture from the particle (grain size, shape and internal structure) to its organization (surface roughness) provides information on the geological processes. CRISM multi-angular observations (varied emission angles) allow to characterize the surface scattering behavior which depends on the composition but also the material physical properties (e.g., grain size, shape, internal structure, the surface roughness). After an atmospheric correction by the Multi-angle Approach for Retrieval of the Surface Reflectance from CRISM Observations, the surface reflectances at different geometries are analyzed by inverting the Hapke photometric model depending on the single scattering albedo, the 2-term phase function, the macroscopic roughness and the 2-term opposition effects. Surface photometric maps are created to observe the spatial variations of surface scattering properties as a function of geological units at the CRISM spatial resolution (200m/pixel). An application at the Mars Explorati...

  19. Dormitory of Physical and Engineering Sciences: Sleeping Beauties May Be Sleeping Innovations Part 1: Basic Properties, Cognitive Environment, Characteristics of the Princes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Raan, Anthony F J

    2015-01-01

    A Sleeping Beauty in Science is a publication that goes unnoticed (sleeps) for a long time and then, almost suddenly, attracts a lot of attention (is awakened by a prince). In this paper we investigate important properties of Sleeping Beauties, particularly to find out to what extent Sleeping Beauties are application-oriented and thus are potential Sleeping Innovations. In this study we focus primarily on physics (including materials science and astrophysics) and present first results for chemistry and for engineering & computer science. We find that more than half of the SBs are application-oriented. Therefore, it is important to investigate the reasons for and processes related to delayed recognition. First we analyze basic properties of the SBs such as the time-dependent distribution, author characteristics (names of authors, country, institution), as well as the journals and fields of the SBs are analyzed. Next we develop a new approach in which the cognitive environment of the SBs is analyzed, based ...

  20. Biophysical Journal Volume 68 March 1995 936-945 Anesthetics Alter the Physical and Functional Properties of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    ,* and David D. Thomas* *Department of Biochemistry, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, MN 55455, and *Department of Molecular Physiology and Biological Physics, University of Virginia, Millard 4-225, 435 Dela- ware Street, SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455. Tel.: 612-625-0957; Fax: 612- 624-0632; E

  1. Magnetic order and heavy fermion behavior in CePd{sub 1+x}Al{sub 6-x}: Synthesis, structure, and physical properties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tobash, Paul H., E-mail: ptobash@lanl.go [Materials Physics and Application Division, MPA-10, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 (United States); Ronning, Filip; Thompson, J.D. [Materials Physics and Application Division, MPA-10, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Bobev, Svilen [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 (United States); Bauer, Eric D. [Materials Physics and Application Division, MPA-10, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States)

    2010-03-15

    The physical properties including magnetic susceptibility, specific heat, and electrical resistivity of single crystals are reported for the compound CePd{sub 1+x}Al{sub 6-x} (x=0.5) which crystallizes in the tetragonal SrAu{sub 2}Ga{sub 5}-type structure (space group P4/mmm). The compound was grown from an excess of molten Al flux from the respective elements and the crystal structure was established from single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Anomalies in the low temperature specific heat C{sub p}(T) and electrical resistivity rho(T) show that the compound undergoes ferromagnetic order at T{sub C}=2.8 K. In the ordered state, CePd{sub 1.5}Al{sub 5.5} displays heavy fermion behavior with a Sommerfeld coefficient of ca. 500 mJ/mol-K{sup 2}. - Graphical abstract: The compound CePd{sub 1+x}Al{sub 6-x} (x=0.5) has been synthesized and structurally characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The measured physical properties of temperature and field dependent magnetic susceptibility, specific heat, and electrical resistivity suggests that the compound undergoes ferromagnetic order at ca. 2.8 K and further exhibits relatively heavy fermion behavior with a Sommerfeld coefficient of 500 mJ/mol-K2.

  2. Morphological Classification of Galaxies by Shapelet Decomposition in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey II: Multiwavelength Classification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. C. Kelly; T. A. McKay

    2004-12-15

    We describe the application of the `shapelet' linear decomposition of galaxy images to multi-wavelength morphological classification using the $u,g,r,i,$ and $z$-band images of 1519 galaxies from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. We utilize elliptical shapelets to remove to first-order the effect of inclination on morphology. After decomposing the galaxies we perform a principal component analysis on the shapelet coefficients to reduce the dimensionality of the spectral morphological parameter space. We give a description of each of the first ten principal component's contribution to a galaxy's spectral morphology. We find that galaxies of different broad Hubble type separate cleanly in the principal component space. We apply a mixture of Gaussians model to the 2-dimensional space spanned by the first two principal components and use the results as a basis for classification. Using the mixture model, we separate galaxies into three classes and give a description of each class's physical and morphological properties. We find that the two dominant mixture model classes correspond to early and late type galaxies, respectively. The third class has, on average, a blue, extended core surrounded by a faint red halo, and typically exhibits some asymmetry. We compare our method to a simple cut on $u-r$ color and find the shapelet method to be superior in separating galaxies. Furthermore, we find evidence that the $u-r=2.22$ decision boundary may not be optimal for separation between early and late type galaxies, and suggest that the optimal cut may be $u-r \\sim 2.4$.

  3. Effect of low and high storage temperatures on head space gas concentrations and physical properties of wood pellets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jaya Shankar Tumuluru; Shahab Sokhansanj; C. Jim Lim; Tony Bi; Xingya Kuang; Staffan Melin

    2013-11-01

    Headspace gas concentrations and wood pellet properties were studied in sealed glass canisters at 5–40 degrees C storage temperatures. CO2 and CO concentrations at 5, 10, 20 and 40 degrees C at the end of 23–28 days of storage were 1600 and 200, 4700 and 1200, and 31 200 and 15 800 parts per million by volume (ppmv) respectively. Corresponding O2 concentration was about 19•49, 19•20, 18•0 and 2•07% respectively. Non-linear regression equations adequately described the gas concentrations in the storage container as a function of time. Safe level estimation functions developed were linear for O2 and logarithmic for CO and CO2 concentrations. Measured pellet properties moisture, length, diameter, unit, bulk and tapped density, durability, calorific value, ash content and per cent fines were in the range of 4•6–5•02%, 14–15 mm, 6•4–6•5 mm, 1125–1175 kg m-3, 750–770 kg m-3, 825–840 kg m-3, 73–74%, 18•32–18•78 MJ kg-1, 0•65–0•74% and 0•13–0•15%. Durability values of pellets decreased by 13% at 40 degrees C storage temperature and other properties changed marginally.

  4. Gogny, D; Schunck, N 73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    of low energy fission: fragment properties Younes, W; Gogny, D; Schunck, N 73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS Abstract not provided Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory...

  5. The three-dimensional morphology of growing dendrites

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Gibbs, J. W.; Mohan, K. A.; Gulsoy, E. B.; Shahani, A. J.; Xiao, X.; Bouman, C. A.; De Graef, M.; Voorhees, P. W.

    2015-07-03

    The processes controlling the morphology of dendrites have been of great interest to a wide range of communities, since they are examples of an out-of-equilibrium pattern forming system, there is a clear connection with battery failure processes, and their morphology sets the properties of many metallic alloys. We determine the three-dimensional morphology of free growing metallic dendrites using a novel X-ray tomographic technique that improves the temporal resolution by more than an order of magnitude compared to conventional techniques. These measurements show that the growth morphology of metallic dendrites is surprisingly different from that seen in model systems, the morphologymore »is not self-similar with distance back from the tip, and that this morphology can have an unexpectedly strong influence on solute segregation in castings. These experiments also provide benchmark data that can be used to validate simulations of free dendritic growth.« less

  6. Physical properties and electronic structure of a new barium titanate suboxide Ba1+?Ti13-?O?? (? = 0.11)

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Rotundu, Costel R.; Jiang, Shan; Deng, Xiaoyu; Qian, Yiting; Khan, Saeed; Hawthorn, David G.; Kotliar, Gabriel; Ni, Ni

    2015-04-01

    The structure, transport, thermodynamic properties, x-ray absorption spectra (XAS), and electronic structure of a new barium titanate suboxide, Ba1+?Ti13-?O?? (? = 0.11), are reported. It is a paramagnetic poor metal with hole carriers dominating the transport. Fermi liquid behavior appears at low temperature. The oxidization state of Ti obtained by the XAS is consistent with the metallic Ti˛? state. Local density approximation band structure calculations reveal the material is near the Van Hove singularity. The pseudogap behavior in the Ti-d band and the strong hybridization between the Ti-d and O-p orbitals reflect the characteristics of the building blocks of themore »Ti?? semi-cluster and the TiO? quasi-squares, respectively.« less

  7. Physical properties and electronic structure of a new barium titanate suboxide Ba1+?Ti13-?O?? (? = 0.11)

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Rotundu, Costel R. [Univ. of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Jiang, Shan [Univ. of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Deng, Xiaoyu [Rutgers Univ., Piscataway, NJ (United States)] (ORCID:0000000178020966); Qian, Yiting [Univ. of Waterloo, Waterloo (Canada)] (ORCID:0000000250175517); Khan, Saeed [Univ. of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Hawthorn, David G. [Univ. of Waterloo, Waterloo (Canada)] (ORCID:0000000270020416); Kotliar, Gabriel [Rutgers Univ., Piscataway, NJ (United States); Ni, Ni [Univ. of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA (United States)

    2015-04-01

    The structure, transport, thermodynamic properties, x-ray absorption spectra (XAS), and electronic structure of a new barium titanate suboxide, Ba1+?Ti13-?O?? (? = 0.11), are reported. It is a paramagnetic poor metal with hole carriers dominating the transport. Fermi liquid behavior appears at low temperature. The oxidization state of Ti obtained by the XAS is consistent with the metallic Ti˛? state. Local density approximation band structure calculations reveal the material is near the Van Hove singularity. The pseudogap behavior in the Ti-d band and the strong hybridization between the Ti-d and O-p orbitals reflect the characteristics of the building blocks of the Ti?? semi-cluster and the TiO? quasi-squares, respectively.

  8. Optical and Physical Properties from Primary On-Road Vehicle ParticleEmissions And Their Implications for Climate Change

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Strawa, A.W.; Kirchstetter, T.W.; Hallar, A.G.; Ban-Weiss, G.A.; McLaughlin, J.P.; Harley, R.A.; Lunden, M.M.

    2009-01-23

    During the summers of 2004 and 2006, extinction and scattering coefficients of particle emissions inside a San Francisco Bay Area roadway tunnel were measured using a combined cavity ring-down and nephelometer instrument. Particle size distributions and humidification were also measured, as well as several gas phase species. Vehicles in the tunnel traveled up a 4% grade at a speed of approximately 60 km h{sup -1}. The traffic situation in the tunnel allows the apportionment of emission factors between light duty gasoline vehicles and diesel trucks. Cross-section emission factors for optical properties were determined for the apportioned vehicles to be consistent with gas phase and particulate matter emission factors. The absorption emission factor (the absorption cross-section per mass of fuel burned) for diesel trucks (4.4 {+-} 0.79 m{sup 2} kg{sup -1}) was 22 times larger than for light-duty gasoline vehicles (0.20 {+-} 0.05 m{sup 2} kg{sup -1}). The single scattering albedo of particles - which represents the fraction of incident light that is scattered as opposed to absorbed - was 0.2 for diesel trucks and 0.3 for light duty gasoline vehicles. These facts indicate that particulate matter from motor vehicles exerts a positive (i.e., warming) radiative climate forcing. Average particulate mass absorption efficiencies for diesel trucks and light duty gasoline vehicles were 3.14 {+-} 0.88 m{sup 2} g{sub PM}{sup -1} and 2.9 {+-} 1.07 m{sup 2} g{sub PM}{sup -1}, respectively. Particle size distributions and optical properties were insensitive to increases in relative humidity to values in excess of 90%, reinforcing previous findings that freshly emitted motor vehicle particulate matter is hydrophobic.

  9. High moisture corn stover pelleting in a flat die pellet mill fitted with a 6 mm die: physical properties and specific energy consumption

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Tumuluru, Jaya Shankar

    2015-06-15

    The quality and specific energy consumption (SEC) of the biomass pellets produced depend upon pelleting process conditions. The present study includes understanding the effect of feedstock moisture in the range of 28–38% (wet basis [w.b.]) and preheating in the range of 30–110°C at two die speeds of 40 and 60 Hz on the physical properties and SEC. A flat die pellet mill fitted with a 6 mm die was used in the present study. The physical properties of pellets such as moisture content, unit, bulk and tapped density, durability, and expansion ratio and SEC of the pelleting process are measured.more »The results indicate that the pellets produced have durability values in the range of 87–98%, and unit bulk and tapped density in the range of 670–1100, 375–575, and 420–620 kg/mł. Increasing the feedstock moisture content from 33% to 38% (w.b) decreased the unit, bulk and tapped density by about 30–40%. Increasing feedstock moisture content increased the expansion ratio and decreased the density values. A higher feedstock moisture content of 38% (w.b.) and higher preheating temperature of 110°C resulted in lower density and a higher expansion ratio, which can be attributed to flash off of moisture as the material extrudes out of the die. The SEC was in the range of 75–275 kWh/ton. Higher feedstock moisture content of 38% (w.b.) and a lower die speed of 40 Hz increased the SEC, whereas lower to medium preheating temperature (30–70°C), medium feedstock moisture content of 33% (w.b.), and a higher die speed of 60 Hz minimized the SEC to « less

  10. Effect of UV curing time on physical and electrical properties and reliability of low dielectric constant materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kao, Kai-Chieh; Cheng, Yi-Lung; Chang, Wei-Yuan; Chang, Yu-Min; Leu, Jihperng

    2014-11-01

    This study comprehensively investigates the effect of ultraviolet (UV) curing time on the physical, electrical, and reliability characteristics of porous low-k materials. Following UV irradiation for various periods, the depth profiles of the chemical composition in the low-k dielectrics were homogeneous. Initially, the UV curing process preferentially removed porogen-related CH{sub x} groups and then modified Si-CH{sub 3} and cage Si-O bonds to form network Si-O bonds. The lowest dielectric constant (k value) was thus obtained at a UV curing time of 300?s. Additionally, UV irradiation made porogen-based low-k materials hydrophobic and to an extent that increased with UV curing time. With a short curing time (<300?s), porogen was not completely removed and the residues degraded reliability performance. A long curing time (>300?s) was associated with improved mechanical strength, electrical performance, and reliability of the low-k materials, but none of these increased linearly with UV curing time. Therefore, UV curing is necessary, but the process time must be optimized for porous low-k materials on back-end of line integration in 45?nm or below technology nodes.

  11. Physics and Consciousness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patricio Perez

    1995-10-17

    Some contributions of physics towards the understanding of consciousness are described. As recent relevant models, associative memory neural networks are mentioned. It is shown that consciousness and quantum physics share some properties. Two existing quantum models are discussed.

  12. Effect of mixed Ge/Si cross-linking on the physical properties of amorphous Ge-Si-Te networks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gunasekera, K.; Boolchand, P. [School of Electronics and Computing Systems, College of Engineering and Applied Science, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221-0030 (United States); Micoulaut, M., E-mail: mmi@lptl.jussieu.fr [Laboratoire de Physique Théorique de la Matičre Condensée, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, 4 Place Jussieu, F-75252 Paris Cedex 05 (France)

    2014-04-28

    Amorphous Ge{sub x}Si{sub x}Te{sub 1?2x} glasses are studied as a function of composition by a combination of experimental and theoretical methods, allowing for a full description of the network structure in relationship with physico-chemical properties. Calorimetric and thermal measurements reveal that such glasses display an anomalous behavior across a range of compositions x{sub c1}=7.5% and

  13. Physical Protection

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2009-07-23

    This Manual establishes requirements for the physical protection of interests under the U.S. Department of Energys (DOEs) purview ranging from facilities, buildings, Government property, and employees to national security interests such as classified information, special nuclear material (SNM), and nuclear weapons. Cancels Section A of DOE M 470.4-2 Chg 1. Canceled by DOE O 473.3.

  14. Physical Consequences of a Momenta-Transfering Particle Theory of Induced Gravity and New Measurements Indicating Variation from Inverse Square Law at Length Scale of .1 mm: Statistical Time Properties of Gravitational Interaction and Analysis Thereof

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gary Christopher Vezzoli

    2001-04-04

    This work presents physical consequences of our theory of induced gravity (Ref.1) regarding: 1) the requirement to consider shape and materials properties when calculating graviton cross section collision area; 2) use of Special Relativity; 3) implications regarding the shape of cosmos; 4) comparison to explanations using General Relativity; 5) properties of black holes; 6) relationship to the strong force and the theorized Higgs boson; 7) the possible origin of magnetic attraction; 8) new measurements showing variation from gravitational inverse square behavior at length scales of 0.1 mm and relationship to the Cosmological constant, and proof of the statistical time properties of the gravitational interaction.

  15. MATPRO-Version 11: a handbook of materials properties for use...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Nonboiling Water Cooled; 360104 -- Metals & Alloys-- Physical Properties; 360204 -- Ceramics, Cermets, & Refractories-- Physical Properties This handbook describes the materials...

  16. Effect of the substrate temperature on the physical properties of molybdenum tri-oxide thin films obtained through the spray pyrolysis technique

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martinez, H.M.; Torres, J.; Lopez Carreno, L.D.; Rodriguez-Garcia, M.E.

    2013-01-15

    Polycrystalline molybdenum tri-oxide thin films were prepared using the spray pyrolysis technique; a 0.1 M solution of ammonium molybdate tetra-hydrated was used as a precursor. The samples were prepared on Corning glass substrates maintained at temperatures ranging between 423 and 673 K. The samples were characterized through micro Raman, X-ray diffraction, optical transmittance and DC electrical conductivity. The species MoO{sub 3} (H{sub 2}O){sub 2} was found in the sample prepared at a substrate temperature of 423 K. As the substrate temperature rises, the water disappears and the samples crystallize into {alpha}-MoO{sub 3}. The optical gap diminishes as the substrate temperature rises. Two electrical transport mechanisms were found: hopping under 200 K and intrinsic conduction over 200 K. The MoO{sub 3} films' sensitivity was analyzed for CO and H{sub 2}O in the temperature range 160 to 360 K; the results indicate that CO and H{sub 2}O have a reduction character. In all cases, it was found that the sensitivity to CO is lower than that to H{sub 2}O. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A low cost technique is used which produces good material. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Thin films are prepared using ammonium molybdate tetra hydrated. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The control of the physical properties of the samples could be done. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A calculation method is proposed to determine the material optical properties. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The MoO{sub 3} thin films prepared by spray pyrolysis could be used as gas sensor.

  17. Simulating Sediment Transport in a Flume with Forced Pool-Riffle Morphology: Examinations of Two

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Venditti, Jeremy G.

    Simulating Sediment Transport in a Flume with Forced Pool-Riffle Morphology: Examinations of Two. Dusterhoff4 ; William E. Dietrich5 ; and Leonard S. Sklar6 Abstract: One-dimensional numerical sediment sediment pulse dynamics in a physical model of forced pool-riffle morphology. Comparisons with measured

  18. Tidal networks 2. Watershed delineation and comparative network morphology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fagherazzi, Sergio

    of three, we quantify various tidal network properties including common power law relationships which have common power law relationships quantified for terrestrial systems to tidal systems and use these analysesTidal networks 2. Watershed delineation and comparative network morphology Andrea Rinaldo,1 Sergio

  19. Turning Maneuvers in Sharks: Predicting Body Curvature From Axial Morphology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long Jr., John H.

    for the vertebral column in providing the passive mechanical properties of the body that control, in part, body; body curvature; morphology; vertebral column INTRODUCTION During swimming in fish-like craniates, body, University of California, Irvine, California, 92697-2525 ABSTRACT Given the diversity of vertebral morpholo

  20. Physically Gelled Room-Temperature Ionic Liquid-Based Composite Membranes for CO2/N-2 Separation: Effect of Composition and Thickness on Membrane Properties and Performance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nguyen, PT; Voss, BA; Wiesenauer, EF; Gin, DL; Nobe, RD

    2013-07-03

    An aspartame-based, low molecular-weight organic gelator (LMOG) was used to form melt-infused and composite membranes with two different imidazolium-based room-temperature ionic liquids (RTILs) for CO2 separation from N-2. Previous work demonstrated that LMOGs can gel RTILs at low, loading levels, and this aspartame-based LMOG was selected because it has been reported to gel a large number of RTILs. The imidazolium-based RTILs were used because of their inherent good properties for CO2/light gas separations. Analysis of the resulting bulk RTIL/LMOG physical gels showed that these materials have high sol-gel transition temperatures (ca. 135 degrees C) suitable for flue gas applications. Gas permeabilities and burst pressure measurements of thick, melt infused membranes revealed a trade-off between high CO2 permeabilities and good mechanical stability as a function of the LMOG loading. Defect-free, composite membranes of the gelled RTILs were successfully fabricated by choosing an appropriate porous membrane support (hydrophobic PTFE) using a suitable coating technique (roller coating). The thicknesses of the applied composite gel layers ranged from 10.3 to 20.7 mu m, which represents an order of magnitude decrease in active layer thickness, compared to the original melt-infused gel RTIL membranes.

  1. Resolution of the discrepancy between the variation of the physical properties of Ce1-xYbxCoIn5 single crystals and thin films with Yb composition

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Jang, S.; White, B. D.; Lum, I. K.; Kim, H.; Tanatar, M. A.; Straszheim, W. E.; Prozorov, R.; Keiber, T.; Bridges, F.; Shu, L.; et al

    2014-11-18

    The extraordinary electronic phenomena including an Yb valence transition, a change in Fermi surface topology, and suppression of the heavy fermion quantum critical field at a nominal concentration 0.2 have been found in the system. These phenomena have no discernable effect on the unconventional superconductivity and normal-state non-Fermi liquid behaviour that occur over a broad range of up to 0.8. However, the variation of the coherence temperature and the superconducting critical temperature with nominal Yb concentration for bulk single crystals is much weaker than that of thin films. To determine whether differences in the actual Yb concentration of bulk singlemore »crystals and thin film samples might be responsible for these discrepancies, we employed Vegard’s law and the spectroscopically determined values of the valences of Ce and Yb as a function of to determine the actual composition of bulk single crystals. This analysis is supported by energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, wavelength-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and transmission X-ray absorption edge spectroscopy measurements. The actual composition is found to be about one-third of the nominal concentration up to 0.5, and resolves the discrepancy between the variation of the physical properties of single crystals and thin films with Yb concentration.« less

  2. Synthetic Morphology Using Alternative Inputs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tanaka, Hiromasa; Yi, Tau-Mu

    2009-01-01

    Created the concept of alternative inputs: HT. References4 | Issue 9 | e6946 Alternative Inputs to a-Factor 24.Morphology Using Alternative Inputs Hiromasa Tanaka 1,2 ,

  3. PHYSICAL CHANGES IN THE PORE STRUCTURE OF COAL WITH CHEMICAL PROCESSING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris Jr, E.C.

    2011-01-01

    Physical Properties of Extracted Coals A. B. Introduction.IV. PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF EXTRACTED COALS A. Introductionthe molecular sieve properties of coal to determine a rough

  4. Stridulatory organ morphology, acoustics, and function in the red imported fire ant 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rauth, Steven Joseph

    2001-01-01

    teeth) in relation to ant size. This was most evident in the worker caste. The SO was significantly different between castes suggesting that the resulting acoustical properties could serve to distinguish each caste. Morphological analysis revealed...

  5. Robust Morphological Measures for Large-Scale Structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Buchert

    1994-12-17

    A complete family of statistical descriptors for the morphology of large--scale structure based on Minkowski--Functionals is presented. These robust and significant measures can be used to characterize the local and global morphology of spatial patterns formed by a coverage of point sets which represent galaxy samples. Basic properties of these measures are highlighted and their relation to the `genus statistics' is discussed. Test models like a Poissonian point process and samples generated from a Voronoi--model are put into perspective.

  6. Role of transport performance on neuron cell morphology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Louis C. Degli Esposti Boschi G. J. Ortega E. Fernandez

    2005-10-05

    The compartmental model is a basic tool for studying signal propagation in neurons, and, if the model parameters are adequately defined, it can also be of help in the study of electrical or fluid transport. Here we show that the input resistance, in different networks which simulate the passive properties of neurons, is the result of an interplay between the relevant conductances, morphology and size. These results suggest that neurons must grow in such a way that facilitates the current flow. We propose that power consumption is an important factor by which neurons attain their final morphological appearance.

  7. Physics 630 Statistical Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kioussis, Nicholas

    strongly the issue of problem solving and understanding of the main concepts in Statistical PhysicsPhysics 630 Statistical Physics Spring 2005 Logistics Lecture Room: 1100 (Science I, 1st floor (Supplement) Introduction to Modern Statistical Mechanics, by David Chandler, Oxford Objectives This course

  8. Estimation of dynamic petrophysical properties of water-bearing sands invaded with oil-base mud from multi-physics borehole geophysical measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres-Verdín, Carlos

    Estimation of dynamic petrophysical properties of water-bearing sands invaded with oil-base mud, capillary pressure, and relative permeability of water-bearing sands invaded with oil-base mud (OBM) from-saturated sands are used for calibration of equivalent properties in hydrocarbon-bearing sands within the same

  9. PHYSICAL REVIEW B 84, 245306 (2011) Formation process and superparamagnetic properties of (Mn,Ga)As nanocrystals in GaAs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunin-Borkowski, Rafal E.

    2011-01-01

    of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, al. Lotnik´ow 32/46, PL-02-668 Warszawa, Poland 3 Department a transition metal (TM) compound (to form a condensed magnetic semiconductor) or a TM.2,3 Interest- ingly

  10. Physics of Binary Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter Smilga

    2013-03-24

    Basic concepts of theoretical particle physics, including quantum mechanics and Poincar\\'e invariance, the leptonic mass spectrum and the proton mass, can be derived, without reference to first principles, from intrinsic properties of the simplest elements of information represented by binary data. What we comprehend as physical reality is, therefore, a reflection of mathematically determined logical structures, built from elements of binary data.

  11. Top physics at CDF

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Julia Thom

    2004-06-24

    Precision studies of top quark properties are a primary goal of the Run II physics program at the Fermilab Tevatron. Marking the first stages of this program, the CDF collaboration presents recent results on top pair production cross section, single top physics and top mass, using between 109 and 200 pb{sup -1} of Run II data.

  12. Nuclear physics and cosmology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coc, Alain [Centre de Sciences Nucléaires et de Sciences de la Matičre (CSNSM), CNRS/IN2P3, Université Paris Sud 11, UMR 8609, Bâtiment 104, F-91405 Orsay Campus (France)

    2014-05-09

    There are important aspects of Cosmology, the scientific study of the large scale properties of the universe as a whole, for which nuclear physics can provide insights. Here, we will focus on Standard Big-Bang Nucleosynthesis and we refer to the previous edition of the School [1] for the aspects concerning the variations of constants in nuclear cosmo-physics.

  13. Artificial muscle morphology : structure/property relationships in polypyrrole actuators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pytel, Rachel Zimet

    2007-01-01

    We seek to improve polypyrrole and other conducting polymer actuators by discovering and exploiting the connection between nanoscale transport events and macroscale active strain. To this end we have used diffraction and ...

  14. TECHNIQUES FOR THE STUDY OF THE STRUCTURAL PROPERTIES.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    FERNANDEZ-GARCIA, M.; RODRIGUEZ, J.A.; MARTINEZ-ARIAS, A.; HANSON, J.C.

    2006-06-30

    The evolution of our understanding of the behavior of oxide nanostructures depends heavily on the structural information obtained from a wide range of physical methods traditionally used in solid state physics, surface science and inorganic chemistry. In this chapter, we describe several techniques that are useful for the characterization of the structural properties of oxide nanostructures: X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scattering, X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS), Raman spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The ultimate goal is to obtain information about the spatial arrangement of atoms in the nanostructures with precise interatomic distances and bond angles. This may not be possible for complex systems and one may get only partial information about the local geometry or morphology.

  15. DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Physics 32100

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brinkmann, Peter

    DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Syllabus Physics 32100 Modern Physics for Engineers Designation to one- electron atoms, atomic shell structure and periodic table; nuclear physics, relativity. Prerequisites: Prereq.: Physics 20800 or equivalent, Math 20300 or 20900 (elective for Engineering students

  16. DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Physics 21900

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brinkmann, Peter

    DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Syllabus Physics 21900 Physics for Architecture Students Designation suggested material: Giancoli, Physics, Principles with Applications (6th ed.) (required), Prentice Hall Giancoli, Physics, Principles with Applications, Student Guide (6th ed.) (optional), Prentice Hall Course

  17. DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Physics 20300

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brinkmann, Peter

    DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Syllabus Physics 20300 General Physics Designation: Required Undergraduate Catalog description: For majors in the life sciences (biology, medicine, dentistry, psychology, physical therapy) and for liberal arts students. Fundamental ideas and laws of physics from mechanics to modern

  18. Effects of variations in rate of temperature rise, curing temperature and size of specimen on selected physical properties of concrete made with type III cement and steam cured at atmospheric pressure 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aldridge, Weldon Wayne

    1958-01-01

    of concrete are as follows: ?NSoundness of Aggregates by Use of Sodium Sulfate or Magnesium S lf t ", SN t S~tt f ~ftt 45gt ou St & M, 1955, Part 35 ASTM Designation C88-55T. "Organic Impurities in Sands for Concrete", ~~r can ~Societ of T~tt N~Nt . t 1... con- crete with those of moist cured concrete. Compressive strength, modulus of rupture and sonic modulus of elasticity were the physical properties of the concrete on which data were taken in the laboratory. These data are presented in a graph1c...

  19. Energy Response and Physical Reoperties of NTA* Personnel Neutron Dosimeter Nuclear Track Film

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lehman, Richard L.

    1961-01-01

    PHYSICAL PERSONNEL NEUTRON DOSIMETER PROPERTIES NUCLEAR OFOF NTA'." PERSONNEL NEUTRON DOSIMETER NUCLEAR TRACK FILMNEUTRON AND PHYSICA'L DOSIMETER Richard PROPERTIES NUCLEAR

  20. Physical Objects of Dark Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Novikov-Borodin

    2006-09-11

    The hypothesis of existence of off-site continuums is investigated. Principles of the physical description are formulated. The structure of off-site continuums and opportunities of observation of off-site physical objects from the continuum of the observer is investigated. There are found conformities between properties of the considered objects with properties of known physical objects and fundamental interactions both in micro-, and macro-scales.

  1. SURFACE MORPHOLOGY OF CARBON FIBER POLYMER COMPOSITES AFTER LASER STRUCTURING

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sabau, Adrian S; Chen, Jian; Jones, Jonaaron F.; Alexandra, Hackett; Jellison Jr, Gerald Earle; Daniel, Claus; Warren, Charles David; Rehkopf, Jackie D.

    2015-01-01

    The increasing use of Carbon Fiber Polymer Composite (CFPC) as a lightweight material in automotive and aerospace industries requires the control of surface morphology. In this study, the composites surface was prepared by ablating the resin in the top fiber layer of the composite using an Nd:YAG laser. The CFPC specimens with T700S carbon fiber and Prepreg - T83 resin (epoxy) were supplied by Plasan Carbon Composites, Inc. as 4 ply thick, 0/90o plaques. The effect of laser fluence, scanning speed, and wavelength was investigated to remove resin without an excessive damage of the fibers. In addition, resin ablation due to the power variation created by a laser interference technique is presented. Optical property measurements, optical micrographs, 3D imaging, and high-resolution optical profiler images were used to study the effect of the laser processing on the surface morphology.

  2. PHYSICAL REVIEW B 83, 125201 (2011) Compositional dependence of structural and electronic properties of Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4 alloys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gong, Xingao

    2011-01-01

    on the efficiency of CZTSSe solar cells and explain the high efficiency of the cells with high Se content. DOI: 10: Is there a similar limit to the efficiency as in Cu(In,Ga)Se2 cells, and why is the current highest-efficiency solar properties of Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4 alloys for thin film solar cells Shiyou Chen,1,2 Aron Walsh,3 Ji-Hui Yang,1 X. G

  3. A convenient strategy to functionalize carbon nanotubes with ascorbic acid and its effect on the physical and thermomechanical properties of poly(amide–imide) composites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mallakpour, Shadpour; Zadehnazari, Amin

    2014-03-15

    Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were functionalized by ascorbic acid by a fast strategy under microwave irradiation to improve interfacial interactions and dispersion of CNTs in a poly(amide–imide) (PAI) matrix. This technique provides a rapid and economically viable route to produce covalently functionalized CNTs. The as-prepared, new type of functionalized CNTs were analyzed by several techniques. The thermal stabilities and mechanical interfacial properties of CNT/PAI composites were investigated using several techniques. The dispersion state of CNTs in the PAI matrix was observed by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The mechanical interfacial property of the composites was significantly increased by the addition of ascorbic acid treated CNTs. The FE-SEM and TEM results showed that the separation and uniform dispersion of CNTs in the PAI matrix. The overview of these recent results is presented. -- Graphical abstract: Presentation of possible interactions of hydrogen bonding between the MWCNT-AS and the PAI chains. Highlights: • Surface functionalization of MWCNTs with ascorbic acid under microwave irradiation. • The MWCNT-AS/PAI composite films were fabricated by solution blending process. • Microstructure and MWCNT states in the composites were studied. • Thermal and mechanical properties of the composite films were evaluated. • Films of different contents of the MWCNTs-AS showed a superior tensile behavior.

  4. Morphological Statistics of the Cosmic Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sergei F. Shandarin

    2004-05-28

    We report the {\\em first} systematic study of the supercluster-void network in the $\\Lambda$CDM concordance cosmology treating voids and superclusters on an equal footing. We study the dark matter density field in real space smoothed with the $L_s = 5$ \\hm1 Mpc Gaussian window. Superclusters and voids are defined as individual members of over-dense and under-dense excursion sets respectively. We determine the morphological properties of the cosmic web at a large number of dark matter density levels by computing Minkowski functionals for every supercluster and void. At the adopted smoothing scale individual superclusters totally occupy no more than about 5% of the total volume and contain no more than 20% of mass if the largest supercluster is excluded. Likewise, individual voids totally occupy no more than 14% of volume and contain no more than 4% of mass if the largest void is excluded. The genus of individual superclusters can be $\\sim 5$ while the genus of individual voids reaches $\\sim 55$, implying significant amount of substructure in superclusters and especially in voids. Large voids are typically distinctly non-spherical.

  5. Physicalism versus quantum mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henry P. Stapp

    2008-03-11

    In the context of theories of the connection between mind and brain, physicalism is the demand that all is basically purely physical. But the concept of "physical" embodied in this demand is characterized essentially by the properties of the physical that hold in classical physical theories. Certain of these properties contradict the character of the physical in quantum mechanics, which provides a better, more comprehensive, and more fundamental account of phenomena. It is argued that the difficulties that have plaged physicalists for half a century, and that continue to do so, dissolve when the classical idea of the physical is replaced by its quantum successor. The argument is concretized in a way that makes it accessible to non-physicists by exploiting the recent evidence connecting our conscious experiences to macroscopic measurable synchronous oscillations occurring in well-separated parts of the brain. A specific new model of the mind-brain connection that is fundamentally quantum mechanical but that ties conscious experiences to these macroscopic synchronous oscillations is used to illustrate the essential disparities between the classical and quantum notions of the physical, and in particular to demonstrate the failure in the quantum world of the principle of the causal closure of the physical, a failure that goes beyond what is entailed by the randomness in the outcomes of observations, and that accommodates the efficacy in the brain of conscious intent.

  6. Morphologies of PDMS-containing diblock polymers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stewart-Sloan, Charlotte (Charlotte Roberta)

    2012-01-01

    The morphologies of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)-containing diblock polymers are investigated as a function of volume fraction, segregation, processing procedure, and temperature. Strongly segregated polyisoprene-PDMS and ...

  7. 6 The morphology and sedimentology of landforms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brennand, Tracy

    6 The morphology and sedimentology of landforms created by subglacial megafloods MANDY J. MUNRO associations, sedimentology and the rela- tionship between landform surfaces and internal sediments

  8. @Why Physics Comprehensive Physics Major.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, S. J. Ben

    @Why Physics Comprehensive Physics Major. From the basic laws of physics to the resulting emergent behavior, physics studies what the universe is made of and how it works. As a Physics major that surrounds us, to the structure and evolution of the entire universe. We offer three degrees in Physics

  9. A Physics of Bounded Metric Spaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierre Peretto

    1997-06-25

    We consider the possibility of obtaining emergent properties of physical spaces endowed with structures analogous to that of collective models put forward by classical statistical physics. We show that, assuming that a so-called "metric scale" does exist, one can indeed recover a number of properties of physical spaces such as the Minkowski metric, the relativistic quantum dynamics and the electroweak theory.

  10. A Study of Unbalanced Morphological Understanding: Morphological Land Use Patterns Analysis of U.S. Megaregions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ko, Youngho

    2012-07-16

    of each US megaregion. The morphological clustering representation of the 11 US megaregions clearly showed that the morphologically identified US megaregions were not the same as the current US megaregions. Takeaway for practice: This study asks...

  11. Physics of adherent cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulrich S. Schwarz; Samuel S. Safran

    2013-09-09

    One of the most unique physical features of cell adhesion to external surfaces is the active generation of mechanical force at the cell-material interface. This includes pulling forces generated by contractile polymer bundles and networks, and pushing forces generated by the polymerization of polymer networks. These forces are transmitted to the substrate mainly by focal adhesions, which are large, yet highly dynamic adhesion clusters. Tissue cells use these forces to sense the physical properties of their environment and to communicate with each other. The effect of forces is intricately linked to the material properties of cells and their physical environment. Here a review is given of recent progress in our understanding of the role of forces in cell adhesion from the viewpoint of theoretical soft matter physics and in close relation to the relevant experiments.

  12. Representation of State Property Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diederik Aerts; Sylvia Pulmannova

    2008-11-15

    A 'state property system' is the mathematical structure which models an arbitrary physical system by means of its set of states, its set of properties, and a relation of 'actuality of a certain property for a certain state'. We work out a new axiomatization for standard quantum mechanics, starting with the basic notion of state property system, and making use of a generalization of the standard quantum mechanical notion of 'superposition' for state property systems.

  13. Physical properties and electronic structure of a new barium titanate suboxide Ba1+?Ti13-?O?? (? = 0.11)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rotundu, Costel R.; Jiang, Shan; Deng, Xiaoyu; Qian, Yiting; Khan, Saeed; Hawthorn, David G.; Kotliar, Gabriel; Ni, Ni

    2015-04-01

    The structure, transport, thermodynamic properties, x-ray absorption spectra (XAS), and electronic structure of a new barium titanate suboxide, Ba1+?Ti13-?O?? (? = 0.11), are reported. It is a paramagnetic poor metal with hole carriers dominating the transport. Fermi liquid behavior appears at low temperature. The oxidization state of Ti obtained by the XAS is consistent with the metallic Ti˛? state. Local density approximation band structure calculations reveal the material is near the Van Hove singularity. The pseudogap behavior in the Ti-d band and the strong hybridization between the Ti-d and O-p orbitals reflect the characteristics of the building blocks of the Ti?? semi-cluster and the TiO? quasi-squares, respectively.

  14. Physical properties and electronic structure of a new barium titanate suboxide Ba{sub 1+?}Ti{sub 13??}O{sub 12} (? = 0.11)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rotundu, Costel R.; Jiang, Shan; Ni, Ni; Deng, Xiaoyu; Kotliar, Gabriel; Qian, Yiting; Hawthorn, David G.; Khan, Saeed

    2015-04-01

    The structure, transport, thermodynamic properties, x-ray absorption spectra (XAS), and electronic structure of a new barium titanate suboxide, Ba{sub 1+?}Ti{sub 13??}O{sub 12} (? = 0.11), are reported. It is a paramagnetic poor metal with hole carriers dominating the transport. Fermi liquid behavior appears at low temperature. The oxidization state of Ti obtained by the XAS is consistent with the metallic Ti{sup 2+} state. Local density approximation band structure calculations reveal the material is near the Van Hove singularity. The pseudogap behavior in the Ti-d band and the strong hybridization between the Ti-d and O-p orbitals reflect the characteristics of the building blocks of the Ti{sub 13} semi-cluster and the TiO{sub 4} quasi-squares, respectively.

  15. Physics of top

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. -P. Yuan

    2006-04-24

    I will briefly review the physics of top quark at high energy colliders. A new discovery of single-top event at the Fermilab Tevatron is expected. At the CERN Large Hadron Collider, detailed top quark properties can be measured and new physics ideas in which top quark plays a special role can be tested. I will also discuss a few phenomenological methods for analyzing experimental data to study top quark interactions.

  16. Tevatron top physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeannine Wagner-Kuhr; for the CDF; D0 Collaborations

    2009-04-15

    A summary of the most recent results on top quark physics obtained at Fermilab's Tevatron proton-antiproton collider, operating at a centre of mass energy of 1.96 TeV, is presented. Measurements of the top pair and single top quark production cross sections, the investigation of top quark decay properties, the precision measurement of the top quark mass as well as searches for physics beyond the standard model are discussed.

  17. of Flow on Morphological Stability Directional Solidification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schulze, Tim

    Effects During of Flow on Morphological Stability Directional Solidification S.H. DAVIS and T.P. SCHULZE Research involving the interaction of flow with morphological instability during directional solidifi- cation of binary alloys is reviewed. In general, flow may arise during the solidification process

  18. Environmental and morphological differences within Icteridae: Icterus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodriquez, Jessica

    2010-11-18

    0.00 500.00 1000.00 1500.00 2000.00 2500.00 3000.00 3500.00 4000.00 4500.00 Altitude in Meters SR layered upon Temp Hypothesis and Further Study Ith lti bt#0;? Is there a corre ation e ween morphological and morphological...

  19. Computing Prosodic Morphology George Anton Kiraz*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prosodic Morphology (McCarthy and Prince, 1986, et seq.) provides adequate means for de- scribing non descriptions of Arabic mor- phology, viz. moraic and affixational theories (Mc- Carthy and Prince, 1990b; Mc There are three essential principles in prosodic morphology (McCarthy and Prince, 1990a; Mc- Carthy and Prince

  20. Morphology and Charge Transport in Conjugated Polymers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGehee, Michael

    Morphology and Charge Transport in Conjugated Polymers R. J. KLINE AND M. D. McGEHEE Department charge transport and morphology is key to increasing the charge carrier mobility of conjugated polymers to provide insight into how the charge carriers move through a conjugated polymer film and provide a model

  1. Modeling morphology evolution during solvent-based fabrication of organic solar cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wodo, Olga

    2011-01-01

    Solvent-based techniques usually involve preparing dilute blends of electron-donor and electron-acceptor materials dissolved in a volatile solvent. After some form of coating onto a substrate, the solvent evaporates. An initially homogeneous mixture separates into electron-acceptor rich and electron-donor rich regions as the solvent evaporates. Depending on the specifics of the blend and processing conditions different morphologies are typically formed. Experimental evidence consistently confirms that the morphology critically affects device performance. A computational framework that can predict morphology evolution can significantly augment experimental analysis. Such a framework will also allow high throughput analysis of the large phase space of processing parameters, thus yielding insight into the process-structure-property relationships. In this paper, we formulate a computational framework to predict evolution of morphology during solvent-based fabrication of organic thin films. This is accomplished by...

  2. Synthesis, characterization and physical properties of the skutterudites Yb{sub x}Fe{sub 2}Ni{sub 2}Sb{sub 12} (0{<=}x{<=}0.4)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kaltzoglou, Andreas; Vaqueiro, Paz; Knight, Kevin S.; Powell, Anthony V.

    2012-09-15

    The skutterudites Yb{sub x}Fe{sub 2}Ni{sub 2}Sb{sub 12} (0{<=}x{<=}0.4) have been prepared by solid-state reaction and characterised by powder X-ray diffraction. The compounds crystallise in the cubic space group Im3{sup Macron} (a Almost-Equal-To 9.1 A) with Yb atoms partially filling the voids in the skutterudite framework. A neutron time-of-flight diffraction experiment for Fe{sub 2}Ni{sub 2}Sb{sub 12} confirms the disorder of Fe and Ni atoms on the transition-metal site. Electrical resistivity, Seebeck coefficient and thermal conductivity measurements indicate that the thermoelectric performance of the skutterudites shows a marked dependence on the Yb content. Magnetic measurements over the temperature range 2{<=}T/K{<=}300 show paramagnetic behaviour for all compounds. Decomposition studies under an oxidising atmosphere at elevated temperatures have also been carried out by thermogravimetric analysis. - Graphical abstract: The filled skutterudites Yb{sub x}Fe{sub 2}Ni{sub 2}Sb{sub 12} have been prepared by solid-state reaction and characterised by powder X-ray diffraction. The thermoelectric performance depends strongly on the Yb content. The physical properties and thermal stability of the compounds are further discussed in comparison with the current state-of-the art thermoelectric skutterudites. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A new series of skutterudites has been prepared and characterised. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Physical properties are affected by the degree of Yb filling. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The highest thermoelectric performance is found for Yb{sub 0.15}Fe{sub 2}Ni{sub 2}Sb{sub 12}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The skutterudites decompose in air above 550 K.

  3. On the morphology of sigma-drop galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Comerón, S; Beckman, J E

    2008-01-01

    Context: Local reductions of the stellar velocity dispersion in the central regions of galaxies are known as sigma-drops. Knowing the origin of these features can lead to better understanding of inner galactic dynamics. Aims: We present a sample of 20 sigma-drop galaxies matched with a control sample of galaxies without sigma-drop in order to search for correlations between sigma-drops and the properties, primarily morphological, of the nuclear zones and discs of their host galaxies. Methods: We study the dust and Halpha distribution at 0.1 arcsec scale, using Hubble Space Telescope imaging, in the circumnuclear zones of the two samples of galaxies, searching for differences and trying to establish a link between the nuclear kinematics and the host morphology. We have also considered the CO and HI emission of the galaxies and their luminosity profiles. Results: We classify the two samples following both morphological parameters and the luminosity profiles. We find a larger fraction of nuclear dust spirals and...

  4. Dual Phase, Co-Continuous Morphology from Mixtures of Recycled Polystyrene/Curbside Tailings Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dual Phase, Co-Continuous Morphology from Mixtures of Recycled Polystyrene/Curbside Tailings Recycling Research K.E. Van Ness, Ph.D. Washington and Lee University Department of Physics and Engineering L.W. Suttner Rheometrics, Inc. Paper No.292 Introduction Virtually all studies of polymer mixtures

  5. DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Physics 42200

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brinkmann, Peter

    DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Syllabus Physics 42200 Biophysics Designation: Undergraduate Catalog and membranes. In depth study of the physical basis of selected systems including vision, nerve transmission. Prerequisites: Prereq.: 1 yr. of Math, 1 yr. of Physics (elective for Physics Majors and Biomedical Engineering

  6. DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Physics 32300

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brinkmann, Peter

    DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Syllabus Physics 32300 Quantum Mechanics for Engineers Designation: required for Physics majors in the Applied Physics Option Undergraduate Catalog description: Basic experiments, wave: Physics 20700 and 20800, Math 39100 and Math 39200 Textbook and other suggested material: Scherrer

  7. PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF SPECTROSCOPICALLY CONFIRMED GALAXIES AT z {>=} 6. I. BASIC CHARACTERISTICS OF THE REST-FRAME UV CONTINUUM AND Ly{alpha} EMISSION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jiang Linhua; Mechtley, Matthew; Cohen, Seth H.; Windhorst, Rogier A.; Egami, Eiichi; Fan Xiaohui; Dave, Romeel; Finlator, Kristian; Kashikawa, Nobunari; Ouchi, Masami; Shimasaku, Kazuhiro

    2013-08-01

    We present deep Hubble Space Telescope near-IR and Spitzer mid-IR observations of a large sample of spectroscopically confirmed galaxies at z {>=} 6. The sample consists of 51 Ly{alpha} emitters (LAEs) at z {approx_equal} 5.7, 6.5, and 7.0, and 16 Lyman break galaxies (LBGs) at 5.9 {<=} z {<=} 6.5. The near-IR images were mostly obtained with WFC3 in the F125W and F160W bands, and the mid-IR images were obtained with IRAC in the 3.6 {mu}m and 4.5 {mu}m bands. Our galaxies also have deep optical imaging data from Subaru Suprime-Cam. We utilize the multi-band data and secure redshifts to derive their rest-frame UV properties. These galaxies have steep UV-continuum slopes roughly between {beta} {approx_equal} -1.5 and -3.5, with an average value of {beta} {approx_equal} -2.3, slightly steeper than the slopes of LBGs in previous studies. The slope shows little dependence on UV-continuum luminosity except for a few of the brightest galaxies. We find a statistically significant excess of galaxies with slopes around {beta} {approx_equal} -3, suggesting the existence of very young stellar populations with extremely low metallicity and dust content. Our galaxies have moderately strong rest-frame Ly{alpha} equivalent width (EW) in a range of {approx}10 to {approx}200 A. The star formation rates are also moderate, from a few to a few tens of solar masses per year. The LAEs and LBGs in this sample share many common properties, implying that LAEs represent a subset of LBGs with strong Ly{alpha} emission. Finally, the comparison of the UV luminosity functions between LAEs and LBGs suggests that there exists a substantial population of faint galaxies with weak Ly{alpha} emission (EW < 20 A) that could be the dominant contribution to the total ionizing flux at z {>=} 6.

  8. Subatomic Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    P-25 Subatomic Physics We play a major role in large-scale scientific collaborations around the world, performing nuclear physics experiments that advance the understanding of the...

  9. Top Physics at CDF

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moon, Chang-Seong

    2011-06-01

    We present the recent results of top-quark physics using up to 6 fb{sup -1} of p{bar p} collisions at a center of mass energy of {radical}s = 1.96 TeV analyzed by the CDF collaboration. Thanks to this large data sample, precision top quark measurements are now a reality at the Tevatron. Further, several new physics signals could appear in this large dataset. We will present the latest measurements of top quark intrinsic properties as well as direct searches for new physics in the top sector.

  10. Top Physics at CDF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang-Seong Moon

    2011-07-01

    We present the recent results of top-quark physics using up to 6 fb$^{-1}$ of $p \\bar p$ collisions at a center of mass energy of $\\sqrt s$ = 1.96 TeV analyzed by the CDF collaboration. Thanks to this large data sample, precision top quark measurements are now a reality at the Tevatron. Further, several new physics signals could appear in this large dataset. We will present the latest measurements of top quark intrinsic properties as well as direct searches for new physics in the top sector.

  11. Top Physics at ATLAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcello Barisonzi

    2005-08-02

    The Large Hadron Collider LHC is a top quark factory: due to its high design luminosity, LHC will produce about 200 millions of top quarks per year of operation. The large amount of data will allow to study with great precision the properties of the top quark, most notably cross-section, mass and spin. The Top Physics Working Group has been set up at the ATLAS experiment, to evaluate the precision reach of physics measurements in the top sector, and to study the systematic effects of the ATLAS detector on such measurements. This reports give an overview of the main activities of the ATLAS Top Physics Working Group in 2004.

  12. On the nature of H$\\alpha$ emitters at $z \\sim 2$ from the HiZELS survey: physical properties, Ly$\\alpha$ escape fraction, and main sequence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oteo, I; Ivison, R J; Smail, I; Best, P N; Cepa, J; Pérez-García, A M

    2015-01-01

    We present a detailed multi-wavelength study (from rest-frame UV to far-IR) of narrow-band (NB) selected, star-forming (SF) H$\\alpha$ emitters (HAEs) at $z \\sim 2.23$ taken from the High Redshift(Z) Emission Line Survey (HiZELS). We find that HAEs have similar SED-derived properties and colors to $sBzK$ galaxies and probe a well-defined portion of the SF population at $z \\sim 2$. This is not true for Ly$\\alpha$ emitters (LAEs), which are strongly biased towards blue, less massive galaxies (missing a significant percentage of the SF population). Combining our H$\\alpha$ observations with matched, existing Ly$\\alpha$ data we determine that the Ly$\\alpha$ escape fraction ($f_{\\rm esc}$) is low (only $\\sim$ 4.5\\% of HAEs show Ly$\\alpha$ emission) and decreases with increasing dust attenuation, UV continuum slope, stellar mass, and star formation rate (SFR). This suggests that Ly$\\alpha$ preferentially escapes from blue galaxies with low dust attenuation. However, a small population of red and massive LAEs is also ...

  13. REVEALING THE PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF MOLECULAR GAS IN ORION WITH A LARGE-SCALE SURVEY IN J = 2-1 LINES OF {sup 12}CO, {sup 13}CO, AND C{sup 18}O

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nishimura, Atsushi; Tokuda, Kazuki; Kimura, Kimihiro; Muraoka, Kazuyuki; Maezawa, Hiroyuki; Ogawa, Hideo; Onishi, Toshikazu [Department of Physical Science, Graduate School of Science, Osaka Prefecture University, 1-1 Gakuen-cho, Naka-ku, Sakai, Osaka 599-8531 (Japan); Dobashi, Kazuhito; Shimoikura, Tomomi [Department of Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Tokyo Gakugei University, 4-1-1 Nukuikita-machi, Koganei, Tokyo 184-8501 (Japan); Mizuno, Akira [Solar-terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8601 (Japan); Fukui, Yasuo, E-mail: atsushi.nishimura@nao.ac.jp [Department of Physics and Astrophysics, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8602 (Japan)

    2015-01-01

    We present fully sampled ?3' resolution images of {sup 12}CO(J = 2-1), {sup 13}CO(J = 2-1), and C{sup 18}O(J = 2-1) emission taken with the newly developed 1.85 m millimeter-submillimeter telescope over the entire area of the Orion A and B giant molecular clouds. The data were compared with J = 1-0 of the {sup 12}CO, {sup 13}CO, and C{sup 18}O data taken with the Nagoya 4 m telescope and the NANTEN telescope at the same angular resolution to derive the spatial distributions of the physical properties of the molecular gas. We explore the large velocity gradient formalism to determine the gas density and temperature using line combinations of {sup 12}CO(J = 2-1), {sup 13}CO(J = 2-1), and {sup 13}CO(J = 1-0) assuming a uniform velocity gradient and abundance ratio of CO. The derived gas density is in the range of 500 to 5000 cm{sup –3}, and the derived gas temperature is mostly in the range of 20 to 50 K along the cloud ridge with a temperature gradient depending on the distance from the star forming region. We found that the high-temperature region at the cloud edge faces the H II region, indicating that the molecular gas is interacting with the stellar wind and radiation from the massive stars. In addition, we compared the derived gas properties with the young stellar objects distribution obtained with the Spitzer telescope to investigate the relationship between the gas properties and the star formation activity therein. We found that the gas density and star formation efficiency are positively well correlated, indicating that stars form effectively in the dense gas region.

  14. GRADUATE BOOKLET Physics / Applied Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    GRADUATE BOOKLET Physics / Applied Physics This booklet contains rules, guidelines and general information about graduate studies in the Physics Department at Texas Tech University. It does not replace documents. Contents I. General Comments: Admission, general policies, deadlines, etc II. Minimum

  15. Synthesis, crystal and electronic structure, and physical properties of the new lanthanum copper telluride La{sub 3}Cu{sub 5}Te{sub 7}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zelinska, Mariya; Assoud, Abdeljalil [Department of Chemistry, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada N2L 3G1 (Canada); Kleinke, Holger, E-mail: kleinke@uwaterloo.c [Department of Chemistry, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada N2L 3G1 (Canada)

    2011-03-15

    The new lanthanum copper telluride La{sub 3}Cu{sub 5-x}Te{sub 7} has been obtained by annealing the elements at 1073 K. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies revealed that the title compound crystallizes in a new structure type, space group Pnma (no. 62) with lattice dimensions of a=8.2326(3) A, b=25.9466(9) A, c=7.3402(3) A, V=1567.9(1) A{sup 3}, Z=4 for La{sub 3}Cu{sub 4.86(4)}Te{sub 7}. The structure of La{sub 3}Cu{sub 5-x}Te{sub 7} is remarkably complex. The Cu and Te atoms build up a three-dimensional covalent network. The coordination polyhedra include trigonal LaTe{sub 6} prisms, capped trigonal LaTe{sub 7} prisms, CuTe{sub 4} tetrahedra, and CuTe{sub 3} pyramids. All Cu sites exhibit deficiencies of various extents. Electrical property measurements on a sintered pellet of La{sub 3}Cu{sub 4.86}Te{sub 7} indicate that it is a p-type semiconductor in accordance with the electronic structure calculations. -- Graphical abstract: Oligomeric unit comprising interconnected CuTe{sub 3} pyramids and CuTe{sub 4} tetrahedra. Display Omitted Research highlights: {yields} La{sub 3}Cu{sub 5-x}Te{sub 7} adopts a new structure type. {yields} All Cu sites exhibit deficiencies of various extents. {yields} The coordination polyhedra include trigonal LaTe{sub 6} prisms, capped trigonal LaTe{sub 7} prisms, CuTe{sub 4} tetrahedra and CuTe{sub 3} pyramids. {yields} La{sub 3}Cu{sub 5-x}Te{sub 7} is a p-type semiconductor.

  16. Water-induced morphology changes in BaO/?-Al2O3 NOx storage materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Szanyi, Janos; Kwak, Ja Hun; Kim, Do Heui; Wang, Xianqin; Hanson, Jonathan; Chimentao, Ricardo J.; Peden, Charles HF

    2007-03-07

    Exposure of NO2-saturated BaO/?-Al2O3 NOx storage materials to H2O vapour results in the conversion of surface nitrates to Ba(NO3)2 crystallites, causing dramatic morphological changes in the Ba-containing phase, demonstrating a role for water in affecting the NOx storage/reduction properties of these materials.

  17. Photon Physics in ALICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Peressounko; Y. Kharlov; for the ALICE collaboration

    2009-09-17

    We give an overview of photon physics which will be studied by the ALICE experiment in proton-proton and heavy ion collisions at LHC. We compare properties of ALICE photon detectors and estimate their ability to measure neutral meson and direct photon spectra as well as gamma-hadron and gamma-jet correlations in pp and Pb+Pb collisions.

  18. Advanced Technologies for Monitoring CO2 Saturation and Pore Pressure in Geologic Formations: Linking the Chemical and Physical Effects to Elastic and Transport Properties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mavko, G.; Vanorio, T.; Vialle, S.; Saxena, N.

    2014-03-31

    Ultrasonic P- and S-wave velocities were measured over a range of confining pressures while injecting CO2 and brine into the samples. Pore fluid pressure was also varied and monitored together with porosity during injection. Effective medium models were developed to understand the mechanisms and impact of observed changes and to provide the means for implementation of the interpretation methodologies in the field. Ultrasonic P- and S-wave velocities in carbonate rocks show as much as 20-50% decrease after injection of the reactive CO2-brine mixture; the changes were caused by permanent changes to the rock elastic frame associated with dissolution of mineral. Velocity decreases were observed under both dry and fluid-saturated conditions, and the amount of change was correlated with the initial pore fabrics. Scanning Electron Microscope images of carbonate rock microstructures were taken before and after injection of CO2-rich water. The images reveal enlargement of the pores, dissolution of micrite (micron-scale calcite crystals), and pitting of grain surfaces caused by the fluid- solid chemical reactivity. The magnitude of the changes correlates with the rock microtexture – tight, high surface area samples showed the largest changes in permeability and smallest changes in porosity and elastic stiffness compared to those in rocks with looser texture and larger intergranular pore space. Changes to the pore space also occurred from flow of fine particles with the injected fluid. Carbonates with grain-coating materials, such as residual oil, experienced very little permanent change during injection. In the tight micrite/spar cement component, dissolution is controlled by diffusion: the mass transfer of products and reactants is thus slow and the fluid is expected to be close to thermodynamical equilibrium with the calcite, leading to very little dissolution, or even precipitation. In the microporous rounded micrite and macropores, dissolution is controlled by advection: because of an efficient mass transfer of reactants and products, the fluid remains acidic, far from thermodynamical equilibrium and the dissolution of calcite is important. These conclusions are consistent with the lab observations. Sandstones from the Tuscaloosa formation in Mississippi were also subjected to injection under representative in situ stress and pore pressure conditions. Again, both P- and S-wave velocities decreased with injection. Time-lapse SEM images indicated permanent changes induced in the sandstone microstructure by chamosite dissolution upon injection of CO2-rich brine. After injection, the sandstone showed an overall cleaner microstructure. Two main changes are involved: (a) clay dissolution between grains and at the grain contact and (b) rearrangement of grains due to compaction under pressure Theoretical and empirical models were developed to quantify the elastic changes associated with injection. Permanent changes to the rock frame resulted in seismic velocity-porosity trends that mimic natural diagenetic changes. Hence, when laboratory measurments are not available for a candidate site, these trends can be estimated from depth trends in well logs. New theoretical equations were developed to predict the changes in elastic moduli upon substitution of pore-filling material. These equations reduce to Gassmann’s equations for the case of constant frame properties, low seismic frequencies, and fluid changes in the pore space. The new models also predict the change dissolution or precipitation of mineral, which cannot be described with the conventional Gassmann theory.

  19. Feeding Biomechanics & Craniodental Morphology in Otters (Lutrinae) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Timm, Lori L

    2013-07-23

    raptorial capture of prey (mouth-oriented) and capture of prey by hand (hand-oriented), which likely correspond to craniodental morphology and bite performance. However, feeding biomechanics and performance data for otters, aquatic mustelids that consume...

  20. The surface of Mars : morphology and process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aharonson, Oded, 1973-

    2002-01-01

    The goal of this work is a quantitative description of the morphology of the surface of Mars, in order to constrain the nature of processes acting during the ancient past through today. Emphasis is placed on linking geometric ...

  1. SURFACE MORPHOLOGY OF CARBON FIBER POLYMER COMPOSITES AFTER LASER...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    SURFACE MORPHOLOGY OF CARBON FIBER POLYMER COMPOSITES AFTER LASER STRUCTURING Citation Details In-Document Search Title: SURFACE MORPHOLOGY OF CARBON FIBER POLYMER COMPOSITES AFTER...

  2. Addressable morphology control of silica structures by manipulating...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Addressable morphology control of silica structures by manipulating the reagent addition time Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Addressable morphology control of silica...

  3. Chemical and Morphological Evolution of Nanoporous Pd/Rh Alloy...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Chemical and Morphological Evolution of Nanoporous PdRh Alloy Particles for Hydrogen Storage. Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Chemical and Morphological Evolution of...

  4. THEORETICAL PHYSICS Faculty of Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pachucki, Krzysztof

    of Field Theory and Statistical Physics RG Division of General Relativity and Gravitation MP DivisionINSTITUTE OF THEORETICAL PHYSICS Faculty of Physics Warsaw University 1998-1999 Warsaw 2000 #12;INSTITUTE OF THEORETICAL PHYSICS Address: Hoza 69, PL-00 681 Warsaw, Poland Phone: (+48 22) 628 33 96 Fax

  5. Development of Electrospun Tissue Engineering Scaffolds with Tunable Properties 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nezarati, Roya M

    2014-07-12

    the effects of environmental and solution parameters on fiber morphology. Segmented polyurethanes (SPUs) were utilized because they possess highly tunable mechanical properties via alteration of segmental chemistry. We have elucidated structure...

  6. Rheological and Thermal Properties of Icy Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Durham, William B.

    Laboratory measurements of physical properties of planetary ices generate information for dynamical models of tectonically active icy bodies in the outer solar system. We review the methods for measuring both flow properties ...

  7. On the morphology of sigma-drop galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Comerón; J. H. Knapen; J. E. Beckman

    2008-05-02

    Context: Local reductions of the stellar velocity dispersion in the central regions of galaxies are known as sigma-drops. Knowing the origin of these features can lead to better understanding of inner galactic dynamics. Aims: We present a sample of 20 sigma-drop galaxies matched with a control sample of galaxies without sigma-drop in order to search for correlations between sigma-drops and the properties, primarily morphological, of the nuclear zones and discs of their host galaxies. Methods: We study the dust and Halpha distribution at 0.1 arcsec scale, using Hubble Space Telescope imaging, in the circumnuclear zones of the two samples of galaxies, searching for differences and trying to establish a link between the nuclear kinematics and the host morphology. We have also considered the CO and HI emission of the galaxies and their luminosity profiles. Results: We classify the two samples following both morphological parameters and the luminosity profiles. We find a larger fraction of nuclear dust spirals and Halpha rings in the sigma-drop sample. We also find that the fraction of Seyfert galaxies in the sigma-drop sample is bigger than that of LINERs and that the reverse is true for the control sample. Conclusions: Our findings are evidence that a $\\sigma$-drop is very probably due to inflow-induced star formation in a dynamically cool disc, or in a gas ring, shock focused by an inner Lindblad resonance above a certain critical density level. The same mechanism that feeds the nuclear ring or the nuclear disc is probably reponsible for the higher rate of Seyfert galaxies among the $\\sigma$-drop hosts.

  8. Metallophthalocyanine thin films : structure and physical properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colesniuc, Corneliu Nicolai

    2011-01-01

    powder, purified three times by gradient sublimation, was used to prepare sandwich devices between palladium and

  9. Metallophthalocyanine thin films : structure and physical properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colesniuc, Corneliu Nicolai

    2011-01-01

    The fields of organic spintronics, optoelectronics andand applications in spintronics, optoelectronics, andcan be applied to spintronics: the use of the electron spin

  10. Measuring Physical Properties of Polymer Electrolyte Membranes

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presented by Cortney Mittelsteadt of Giner Electrochemical Systems, LLC, at the DOE High Temperature Membrane Working Group held September 14, 2006.

  11. Crystal Structure, Physical Properties, and Electrochemistry...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Research Org: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC); Northeastern Center for Chemical Energy Storage (NECCES) Sponsoring Org: USDOE SC Office of Basic Energy Sciences (SC-22)...

  12. On the dependence of galaxy morphologies on galaxy mergers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fontanot, Fabio; Hirschmann, Michaela; De Lucia, Gabriella; Kannan, Rahul; Somerville, Rachel S; Wilman, Dave

    2015-01-01

    The distribution of galaxy morphological types is a key test for models of galaxy formation and evolution, providing strong constraints on the relative contribution of different physical processes responsible for the growth of the spheroidal components. In this paper, we make use of a suite of semi-analytic models to study the efficiency of galaxy mergers in disrupting galaxy discs and building galaxy bulges. In particular, we compare standard prescriptions usually adopted in semi-analytic models, with new prescriptions proposed by Kannan et al., based on results from high-resolution hydrodynamical simulations, and we show that these new implementations reduce the efficiency of bulge formation through mergers. In addition, we compare our model results with a variety of observational measurements of the fraction of spheroid-dominated galaxies as a function of stellar and halo mass, showing that the present uncertainties in the data represent an important limitation to our understanding of spheroid formation. O...

  13. Metals on graphene: correlation between adatom adsorption behavior and growth morphology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Xiaojie; Wang, Cai-Zhuang; Hupalo, Myron; Lu, Wencai; Tringides, Michael C.; Yao, Yongxin; Ho, Kai-Ming

    2012-05-19

    We present a systematic study of metal adatom adsorption on graphene by ab initio calculations. The calculations cover alkali metals, sp-simple metals, 3d and group 10 transition metals, noble metals, as well as rare earth metals. The correlation between the adatom adsorption properties and the growth morphology of the metals on graphene is also investigated. We show that the growth morphology is related to the ratio of the metal adsorption energy to its bulk cohesive energy (E(a)/E(c)) and the diffusion barrier (?E) of the metal adatom on graphene. Charge transfer, electric dipole and magnetic moments, and graphene lattice distortion induced by metal adsorption would also affect the growth morphologies of the metal islands. We also show that most of the metal nanostructures on graphene would be thermally stable against coarsening.

  14. THE STRIKING NEAR-INFRARED MORPHOLOGY OF THE INNER REGION IN M100

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. H. Knapen; J. E. Beckman; I. Shlosman; R. F. Peletier; C. H. Heller; R. S. de Jong

    1995-02-06

    New optical and NIR K-band images of the inner 3 kpc region of the nearby Virgo spiral M100 (NGC 4321) display remarkable morphological changes with wavelength. While in the optical the light is dominated by a circumnuclear zone of enhanced star formation, the features in the 2.2\\mum image correspond to a newly discovered kpc-size stellar bar, and a pair of leading arms situated inside an ovally-shaped region. Only 5% of the K flux is emitted in antisymmetric structures. This indicates that the morphology seen in the NIR is dominated by a global density wave. Making a first-order correction for the presence of localized dust extinction in K using the I-K image, we find that the observed leading arm morphology is slightly hidden by dust. Possible mechanisms responsible for the optical and NIR morphology are discussed, and tests are proposed to discriminate between them. Conclusions are supported with an evolutionary stellar population model reproducing the optical and NIR colors in a number of star forming zones. We argue that this morphology is compatible with the presence of a pair of inner Lindblad resonances in the region, and show this explicitly in an accompanying paper by detailed numerical modeling. The observed phenomena may provide insight into physical processes leading to central activity in galaxies.

  15. Metal oxide morphology in argon-assisted glancing angle deposition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sorge, J. B.; Taschuk, M. T.; Wakefield, N. G.; Sit, J. C.; Brett, M. J. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2V4 (Canada); Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2V4 (Canada) and NRC National Institute for Nanotechnology, Edmonton, AB T6G 2M9 (Canada)

    2012-03-15

    Glancing angle deposition (GLAD) is a thin film deposition technique capable of fabricating columnar architectures such as posts, helices, and chevrons with control over nanoscale film features. Argon bombardment during deposition modifies the GLAD process, producing films with new morphologies which have shown promise for sensing and photonic devices. The authors report modification of column tilt angle, film density, and specific surface area for 12 different metal oxide and fluoride film materials deposited using Ar-assisted GLAD. For the vapor flux/ion beam geometry and materials studied here, with increasing argon flux, the column tilt increases, film density increases, and specific surface area decreases. With a better understanding of the nature of property modification and the mechanisms responsible, the Ar-assisted deposition process can be more effectively targeted towards specific applications, including birefringent thin films or photonic crystal square spirals.

  16. Crystallography and Physical Properties of BaCo2As2, Ba0.94K0.06Co2As2, and Ba0.78K0.22Co2As2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anand, V K; Quirinale, Dante G; Lee, Yongbin; Harmon, Bruce N; Furukawa, Yuji; Ogloblichev, V V; Huq, A; Abernathy, D L; Stephens, P W; McQueeney, Robert J; Kreyssig, Aandreas; Goldman, Alan I; Johnston, David C

    2014-08-01

    The crystallographic and physical properties of polycrystalline and single crystal samples of BaCo2As2 and K-doped Ba{1-x}K{x}Co2As2 (x = 0.06, 0.22) are investigated by x-ray and neutron powder diffraction, magnetic susceptibility chi, magnetization, heat capacity Cp, {75}As NMR and electrical resistivity rho measurements versus temperature T. The crystals were grown using both Sn flux and CoAs self-flux, where the Sn-grown crystals contain 1.6-2.0 mol% Sn. All samples crystallize in the tetragonal ThCr2Si2-type structure (space group I4/mmm). For BaCo2As2, powder neutron diffraction data show that the c-axis lattice parameter exhibits anomalous negative thermal expansion from 10 to 300 K, whereas the a-axis lattice parameter and the unit cell volume show normal positive thermal expansion over this T range. No transitions in BaCo2As2 were found in this T range from any of the measurements. Below 40-50 K, we find rho ~ T^2 indicating a Fermi liquid ground state. A large density of states at the Fermi energy D(EF) ~ 18 states/(eV f.u.) for both spin directions is found from low-T Cp(T) measurements, whereas the band structure calculations give D(EF) = 8.23 states/(eV f.u.). The {75}As NMR shift data versus T have the same T dependence as the chi(T) data, demonstrating that the derived chi(T) data are intrinsic. The observed {75}As nuclear spin dynamics are consistent with the presence of ferromagnetic and/or stripe-type antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations. The crystals of Ba{0.78}K{0.22}Co2As2 were grown in Sn flux and show properties very similar to those of undoped BaCo2As2. On the other hand, the crystals from two batches of Ba{0.94}K{0.06}Co2As2 grown in CoAs self-flux show evidence of weak ferromagnetism at T < 10 K with small ordered moments at 1.8 K of 0.007 and 0.03 muB per formula unit, respectively.

  17. Morphologically and size uniform monodisperse particles and their shape-directed self-assembly

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Collins, Joshua E.; Bell, Howard Y.; Ye, Xingchen; Murray, Christopher Bruce

    2015-11-17

    Monodisperse particles having: a single pure crystalline phase of a rare earth-containing lattice, a uniform three-dimensional size, and a uniform polyhedral morphology are disclosed. Due to their uniform size and shape, the monodisperse particles self assemble into superlattices. The particles may be luminescent particles such as down-converting phosphor particles and up-converting phosphors. The monodisperse particles of the invention have a rare earth-containing lattice which in one embodiment may be an yttrium-containing lattice or in another may be a lanthanide-containing lattice. The monodisperse particles may have different optical properties based on their composition, their size, and/or their morphology (or shape). Also disclosed is a combination of at least two types of monodisperse particles, where each type is a plurality of monodisperse particles having a single pure crystalline phase of a rare earth-containing lattice, a uniform three-dimensional size, and a uniform polyhedral morphology; and where the types of monodisperse particles differ from one another by composition, by size, or by morphology. In a preferred embodiment, the types of monodisperse particles have the same composition but different morphologies. Methods of making and methods of using the monodisperse particles are disclosed.

  18. Plasma Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    state. Formed at high temperatures, plasmas consist of freely moving ions and free electrons. They are often called the "fourth state of matter" because their unique physical...

  19. Theoretical Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    HEP Theoretical Physics Understanding discoveries at the Energy, Intensity, and Cosmic Frontiers Get Expertise Rajan Gupta (505) 667-7664 Email Bruce Carlsten (505) 667-5657 Email...

  20. Plasma Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    4 Plasma Physics By leveraging plasma under extreme conditions, we concentrate on solving critical scientific challenges such as detecting smuggled nuclear materials, advancing...

  1. Descriptive Morphology Terms For MAMA software

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ruggiero, Christy E.; Porter, Reid B.

    2014-05-21

    The table on the following pages lists a set of morphology terms for describing materials. We have organized these terms by categories. Software uses are welcome to suggest other terms that are needed to accurately describe materials. This list is intended as a initial starting point to generating a consensus terminology list.

  2. Morphological instability in freezing colloidal suspensions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wettlaufer, John S.

    Morphological instability in freezing colloidal suspensions BY STEPHEN S. L. PEPPIN 1,2, *, M. GRAE of colloidal systems is that they do not freeze uniformly. Instead the ice segregates, aligning the expelled particles into different configurations depending on the freezing conditions (figure 1). One of the major

  3. The Link Between Morphology and Structure of Brightest Cluster Galaxies: Automatic Identification of cDs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Dongyao; Conselice, Christopher J

    2015-01-01

    We study a large sample of 625 low-redshift brightest cluster galaxies (BCGs) and link their morphologies to their structural properties. We derive visual morphologies and find that ~57% of the BCGs are cD galaxies, ~13% are ellipticals, and ~21% belong to the intermediate classes mostly between E and cD. There is a continuous distribution in the properties of the BCG's envelopes, ranging from undetected (E class) to clearly detected (cD class), with intermediate classes (E/cD and cD/E) showing the increasing degrees of the envelope presence. A minority (~7%) of BCGs have disk morphologies, with spirals and S0s in similar proportions, and the rest (~2%) are mergers. After carefully fitting the galaxies light distributions by using one-component (Sersic) and two-component (Sersic+Exponential) models, we find a clear link between the BCGs morphologies and their structures and conclude that a combination of the best-fit parameters derived from the fits can be used to separate cD galaxies from non-cD BCGs. In par...

  4. InAs quantum dot morphology after capping with In, N, Sb alloyed thin films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keizer, J. G.; Koenraad, P. M. [Department of Applied Physics, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, NL-5600 MB Eindhoven (Netherlands); Ulloa, J. M.; Utrilla, A. D. [Institute for Systems based on Optoelectronics and Microtechnology (ISOM), Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria s/n, 28040 Madrid (Spain)

    2014-02-03

    Using a thin capping layer to engineer the structural and optical properties of InAs/GaAs quantum dots (QDs) has become common practice in the last decade. Traditionally, the main parameter considered has been the strain in the QD/capping layer system. With the advent of more exotic alloys, it has become clear that other mechanisms significantly alter the QD size and shape as well. Larger bond strengths, surfactants, and phase separation are known to act on QD properties but are far from being fully understood. In this study, we investigate at the atomic scale the influence of these effects on the morphology of capped QDs with cross-sectional scanning tunneling microscopy. A broad range of capping materials (InGaAs, GaAsSb, GaAsN, InGaAsN, and GaAsSbN) are compared. The QD morphology is related to photoluminescence characteristics.

  5. Physics & Astronomy Degree options

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brierley, Andrew

    148 Physics & Astronomy Degree options BSc (Single Honours Degrees) Astrophysics Physics MPhys (Single Honours Degrees) Astrophysics Physics Theoretical Physics BSc (Joint Honours Degrees) Physics) Theoretical Physics and Mathematics MSci (Joint Honours Degree) Physics and Chemistry Entrance Requirements

  6. Morphological characterization of ? phase in poly-(vinylidenefluoride) film prepared by spin cast method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mehtani, Hitesh Kumar, E-mail: kkraina@gmail.com; Kumar, Rishi, E-mail: kkraina@gmail.com; Raina, K. K., E-mail: kkraina@gmail.com [School of Physics and Materials Science, Thapar University, Patiala-147004 (India)

    2014-04-24

    Poly-(Vinylidene fluoride) PVDF film was prepared by spin casting method to control the pore size of the matrix. The morphological spherulitic structure was confirmed Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) after gold sputtering and the presence of ? phase was ensured in spin cast PVDF film by the FTIR spectroscopy. The ? phase is very important in the application because it improve the properties like piezoelectricity by modifying PVDF crystallinity.

  7. The fundamental plane of clusters of galaxies: a quest for understanding cluster dynamics and morphology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christoph Fritsch; Thomas Buchert

    1999-03-10

    We discuss implications of the fundamental plane parameters of clusters of galaxies derived from combined optical and X-ray data of a sample of 78 nearby clusters. In particular, we investigate the dependence of these parameters on the dynamical state of the cluster. We introduce a new concept of allocation of the fundamental plane of clusters derived from their intrinsic morphological properties, and put some theoretical implications of the existence of a fundamental plane into perspective.

  8. DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Physics 35400

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lombardi, John R.

    , electromagnetic waves in vacuum and in matter, guided waves ­ transmission lines and waveguides, electromagnetic-varying sources 7. calculate the electromagnetic radiation fields and power emitted for electric dipole sources 8DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Syllabus Physics 35400 Electricity and Magnetism II Designation

  9. PHOTOVOLTAIC PROPERTIES OF AU-MEROCYANINE-TiO2 SANDWICH CELLS. II. PROPERTIES OF ILLUMINATED CELLS AND EFFECTS OF DOPING WITH ELECTRON ACCEPTORS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skotheim, T.

    2010-01-01

    Journal of Chemical Physics PHOTOVOLTAIC PROPERTIES OF AU-under Contract W-7405-ENG-48 Photovoltaic Properties of Au-been studied using photovoltaic techniques. A theoretical

  10. FSU High Energy Physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prosper, Harrison B.; Adams, Todd; Askew, Andrew; Berg, Bernd; Blessing, Susan K.; Okui, Takemichi; Owens, Joseph F.; Reina, Laura; Wahl, Horst D.

    2014-12-01

    The High Energy Physics group at Florida State University (FSU), which was established in 1958, is engaged in the study of the fundamental constituents of matter and the laws by which they interact. The group comprises theoretical and experimental physicists, who sometimes collaborate on projects of mutual interest. The report highlights the main recent achievements of the group. Significant, recent, achievements of the group’s theoretical physicists include progress in making precise predictions in the theory of the Higgs boson and its associated processes, and in the theoretical understanding of mathematical quantities called parton distribution functions that are related to the structure of composite particles such as the proton. These functions are needed to compare data from particle collisions, such as the proton-proton collisions at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC), with theoretical predictions. The report also describes the progress in providing analogous functions for heavy nuclei, which find application in neutrino physics. The report highlights progress in understanding quantum field theory on a lattice of points in space and time (an area of study called lattice field theory), the progress in constructing several theories of potential new physics that can be tested at the LHC, and interesting new ideas in the theory of the inflationary expansion of the very early universe. The focus of the experimental physicists is the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) experiment at CERN. The report, however, also includes results from the D0 experiment at Fermilab to which the group made numerous contributions over a period of many years. The experimental group is particularly interested in looking for new physics at the LHC that may provide the necessary insight to extend the standard model (SM) of particle physics. Indeed, the search for new physics is the primary task of contemporary particle physics, one motivated by the need to explain certain facts, such as the non-zero neutrino masses or the overwhelming astrophysical evidence for an invisible form of matter, called dark matter, that has had a marked effect on the evolution of structure in the universe. The report highlights the main, recent, experimental achievements of the experimental group, which include the investigation of properties of the W and Z bosons; the search for new heavy stable charged particles and the search for a proposed property of nature called supersymmetry in proton-proton collisions that yield high energy photons. In addition, we report a few results from a more general search for supersymmetry at the LHC, initiated by the group. The report also highlights the group's significant contributions, both theoretical and experimental, to the 2012 discovery of the Higgs boson and the measurement of its properties.

  11. ORIGINAL PAPER Costly plastic morphological responses to predator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    ORIGINAL PAPER Costly plastic morphological responses to predator specific odour cues in three fixed anti-predator morphologies are favoured when predation level is consistently high, plastic plasticity. However, little is known about sticklebacks' plastic ability to react morpho- logically

  12. Morphology, physiology and environmental effects of triploid watermelon seed germination 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grange, Stacie Lee

    2001-01-01

    -part approach to the problem. First, the morphology of the seed coat was examined. In the morphology section, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to determine the basic structural differences in the seed coat. Seed components characteristics were also...

  13. EVOLVING SENSOR MORPHOLOGY ON A LEGGED ROBOT IN NICHE ENVIRONMENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Gary B.

    morphology on a legged hexapod robot in niche environments. The evolution of sensor morphology in different for a simulated hexapod robot are described. This automatic design method enables the system to decipher relevant

  14. The effect of ultrasonication on the size and morphology of iron oxide - chitosan nano and microparticles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ak?n, Deniz; Yakar, Arzu; Gündüz, Ufuk

    2013-12-16

    The aim of this study is to synthesize magnetic Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}-chitosan nano and microparticles (Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}-CPs) by suspension cross-linking and ionic gelation methods and investigate the effect of ultrasonication on the size, morphology and magnetic properties. The synthesized particles were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), dynamic light scattering (DLS) and vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM). The results showed that the ultrasonication decreased the mean particle diameter and enhanced magnetic properties of Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}-CPs due to the Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} content.

  15. Graphitic carbon nitride materials: variation of structure and morphology and their use as metal-free catalysts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    properties of carbon nitrides, they show unexpected catalytic activity for a variety of reactions, such as for the activation of benzene, trimerization reactions, and also the activation of carbon dioxide. Model calculationsGraphitic carbon nitride materials: variation of structure and morphology and their use as metal

  16. Discordant molecular and morphological evolution in buffalofishes (Actinopterygii: Catostomidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piller, Kyle R.

    Discordant molecular and morphological evolution in buffalofishes (Actinopterygii: Catostomidae 2010 Keywords: Hybridization Introgression Gene flow Ictiobus North America Catostomidae Cypriniformes

  17. Physical Scientist

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States, providing more than 40 percent of total funding for this vital area of...

  18. Crystallization and morphology of mordenite zeolite influenced by various parameters in organic-free synthesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Ling [State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 457 Zhongshan Road, Dalian P.O. Box 110, 116023 (China) [State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 457 Zhongshan Road, Dalian P.O. Box 110, 116023 (China); Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Xie, Sujuan; Xin, Wenjie; Li, Xiujie; Liu, Shenglin [State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 457 Zhongshan Road, Dalian P.O. Box 110, 116023 (China)] [State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 457 Zhongshan Road, Dalian P.O. Box 110, 116023 (China); Xu, Longya, E-mail: lyxu@dicp.ac.cn [State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 457 Zhongshan Road, Dalian P.O. Box 110, 116023 (China)] [State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 457 Zhongshan Road, Dalian P.O. Box 110, 116023 (China)

    2011-06-15

    Research highlights: {yields} Seed, gel composition and silicon source affect the crystallization process of MOR. {yields} Seed, gel composition and silicon source influence the morphology of MOR. {yields} Low silica concentration results in MOR with high c/b aspect ratio. {yields} Novel nano fiber-like MOR with c/b aspect ratio of 89 was organic-free synthesized. {yields} The morphology of MOR influences its mesopore property and thermal stability. -- Abstract: A series of mordenite zeolites with different morphologies were synthesized via a facile organic-free hydrothermal route, and characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray fluorescence spectrometer and N{sub 2} adsorption-desorption techniques. Influences of synthetic parameters, including seed crystal, silicon precursor, SiO{sub 2}/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}, Na{sub 2}O/SiO{sub 2} and H{sub 2}O/SiO{sub 2}, on mordenite crystallization were investigated systematically. It was found that mordenite zeolites with various morphologies, such as fiber-like, rod-like, prism-like and needle-like ones could be synthesized in control. Especially, novel nano fiber-like MOR crystals with high c/b aspect ratio were prepared from low silica concentration system, which was manipulated by using small initial SiO{sub 2}/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} ratio, large H{sub 2}O/SiO{sub 2} and silicon source with slow dissolution rate. Moreover, mordenite samples with various morphologies exhibited different mesopore property and thermal stability.

  19. Pseudo Multivariate Morphological Operators based on -trimmed Lexicographical Extrema

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lefèvre, Sébastien

    Pseudo Multivariate Morphological Operators based on -trimmed Lexicographical Extrema Erchan of mathematical morphology to color and more generally to multivariate image data is still an open problem. The definition of multivariate morphological op- erators requires the introduction of a complete lattice struc

  20. Physics Based on Physical Monism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seong-Dong Kim

    2006-03-22

    Based on a physical monism, which holds that the matter and space are classified by not a difference of their kind but a difference of magnitude of their density, I derive the most fundamental equation of motion, which is capable of providing a deeper physical understanding than the known physics. For example, this equation answers to the substantive reason of movement, and Newton's second law, which has been regarded as the definition of force, is derived in a substantive level from this equation. Further, the relativistic energy-mass formula is generalized to include the potential energy term, and the Lorentz force and Maxwell equations are newly derived.

  1. Hydrological Regimes, Pond Morphology, and Habitat Use: Predicting the Impact of an Emerging Aquatic Pathogen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Briggs, Cheryl J.

    2006-01-01

    Hydrological Regimes, Pond Morphology, and Habitat Use:with infection, are the pond morphology and the topographyis that differences in the pond morphology and topography of

  2. Physics & Astronomy Degree options

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brierley, Andrew

    138 Physics & Astronomy Degree options BSc (Single Honours Degrees) Astrophysics Physics MPhys (Single Honours Degrees) Astrophysics Physics Theoretical Physics BSc (Joint Honours Degrees) Physics combinations is under review. MPhys (Joint Honours Degree) Theoretical Physics and Mathematics MSci (Joint

  3. Top quark physics at CDF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karolos Potamianos

    2011-12-01

    We present the recent results of top-quark physics using up to 6 fb$^{-1}$ of $p\\bar{p}$ collisions analyzed by the CDF collaboration. The large number of top quark events analyzed, of the order of several thousands, allows stringent checks of the standard model predictions. Also, the top quark is widely believed to be a window to new physics. We present the latest measurements of top quark intrinsic properties as well as direct searches for new physics in the top sector.

  4. Review of Particle Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nakamura, Kenzo

    2010-01-01

    11. Particle Physics Education Sites . . . . . . . . .ONLINE PARTICLE PHYSICS INFORMATION 1.11. Particle Physics Education Sites . . . . . . . . . . 12.

  5. REVIEW OF PARTICLE PHYSICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beringer, Juerg

    2013-01-01

    ONLINE PARTICLE PHYSICS INFORMATION 1.3. Particle Physics Information Platforms . . . . . . . . .14. Particle Physics Education and Outreach

  6. 2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan- Chapter 1, Physical Security

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 1, Physical Security Describes DOE Headquarters Physical Security procedures related to badges, inspections, access controls, visitor controls, and removal of government property.

  7. CYBERNETICAL PHYSICS AND CONTROL OF MOLECULAR SYSTEMS1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 CYBERNETICAL PHYSICS AND CONTROL OF MOLECULAR SYSTEMS1 Alexander Fradkov, Mikhail Ananyevsky. INTRODUCTION. PHYSICS AND CYBERNETICS Looking into the past. Encyclopedias define physics as the science studying the Nature, specifically its basic and most universal properties. The age of physics is about two

  8. Physics | More Science | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Physics ORNL Physics Environment Safety and Health More Science Home | Science & Discovery | More Science | Physics SHARE Physics Bottom view of the 25 million volt tandem...

  9. Compulsory Elective Theoretical Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dutz, Hartmut

    Aug Sep Compulsory Elective Theoretical Physics (physics606 or - if done previously - 1 module out of physics751, physics754, physics755, physics760, physics7501) 7 cp Specialization (at least 24 cp out of physics61a, -61b, -61c and/or physics62a, -62b, -62c) 24 cp Elective Advanced Lectures (at least 18 cp out

  10. Planetary Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid youOxygen Generation | Center for GasPhysics Physics PrintPicture

  11. A Physically-Based Estimate of Radiative Forcing by Anthropogenic...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Predicted aerosol species include sulfate, organic and black carbon, soil dust, and sea salt. The models use physically-based treatments of aerosol radiative properties (including...

  12. 22.101 Applied Nuclear Physics, Fall 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yip, Sidney

    Fundamentals of nuclear physics for engineering students. Basic properties of the nucleus and nuclear radiations. Elementary quantum mechanical calculations of bound-state energies and barrier transmission probability. ...

  13. 3.14 Physical Metallurgy, Fall 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schuh, Chris

    The central point of this course is to provide a physical basis that links the structure of metals with their properties. With this understanding in hand, the concepts of alloy design and microstructural engineering are ...

  14. Multiscale ab initio approaches to materials physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engeness, Torkel Dyrbaek, 1972-

    2003-01-01

    This work presents new ab initio approaches to materials physics. We first introduce the multiscale approach to determination of thermal properties and changes in free energy. With this approach one can perform thermal ...

  15. Operational health physics training

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1992-06-01

    The initial four sections treat basic information concerning atomic structure and other useful physical quantities, natural radioactivity, the properties of {alpha}, {beta}, {gamma}, x rays and neutrons, and the concepts and units of radiation dosimetry (including SI units). Section 5 deals with biological effects and the risks associated with radiation exposure. Background radiation and man-made sources are discussed next. The basic recommendations of the ICRP concerning dose limitations: justification, optimization (ALARA concepts and applications) and dose limits are covered in Section seven. Section eight is an expanded version of shielding, and the internal dosimetry discussion has been extensively revised to reflect the concepts contained in the MIRD methodology and ICRP 30. The remaining sections discuss the operational health physics approach to monitoring radiation. Individual sections include radiation detection principles, instrument operation and counting statistics, health physics instruments and personnel monitoring devices. The last five sections deal with the nature of, operation principles of, health physics aspects of, and monitoring approaches to air sampling, reactors, nuclear safety, gloveboxes and hot cells, accelerators and x ray sources. Decontamination, waste disposal and transportation of radionuclides are added topics. Several appendices containing constants, symbols, selected mathematical topics, and the Chart of the Nuclides, and an index have been included.

  16. Top Physics at the LHC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. de Jong

    2009-02-27

    The LHC will be a top quark factory. In this note, the central role of the top quark for LHC physics will be discussed, and an overview will be given of the studies of top quark properties in preparation, with an emphasis on the systematic uncertainties that will dominate most measurements.

  17. Top physics results at CDF

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vickey, Trevor; /Illinois U., Urbana

    2005-05-01

    The most recent results on top quark physics at CDF are reported. Measurements of cross-section and mass are presented, and the status of single top quark production searches are discussed. The results obtained from probing various top quark properties are also presented.

  18. The physics of brown dwarfs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilles Chabrier

    1999-02-01

    We briefly outline the physics underlying the mechanical and thermal properties of brown dwarfs, which characterizes their interiors and their atmospheres. We mention the most recent improvements realyzed in the theory of brown dwarfs and the connection with experimental and observational tests of this theory.

  19. Universality in the morphology and mechanics of coarsening amyloid fibril networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leandro G. Rizzi; David A. Head; Stefan Auer

    2014-09-24

    Above a critical concentration a wide variety of peptides and proteins self-assemble into amyloid fibrils which entangle to form percolating networks called hydrogels. Such hydrogels have important applications as biomaterials and in nanotechnology, but their applicability often depends on their mechanical properties for which we currently have no predictive capability. Here we use a peptide model to simulate the formation of amyloid fibril networks, and couple these to elastic network theory to determine their mechanical properties. The simulations reveal that the time-dependence of morphological quantities characterizing the network length scales can be collapsed onto master curves by using a time scaling function that depends on the interaction parameter between the peptides. The same scaling function is used to unveil a universal, non-monotonic dependence of the shear modulus with time. The obtained insight into the structure-function relationship between the peptide building blocks, network morphology and network mechanical properties can aid experimentalists to design amyloid fibril networks with tailored mechanical properties.

  20. Physics 4810 / 7810 Teaching and Learning Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maryland at College Park, University of

    Physics 4810 / 7810 Teaching and Learning Physics Fall 2008 Finkelstein A course on how people learn and understand key concepts in physics. Readings in physics, physics education research, education. Useful for all students, especially for those interested in physics, teaching and education research

  1. PHYSICS, B.S. BIOMEDICAL PHYSICS (BIMD)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamburger, Peter

    PHYSICS, B.S. BIOMEDICAL PHYSICS (BIMD) (Fall 2015-Summer 2016) IPFW Residency Requirements ______ 3 PHYS 37000 Biomedical Physics Seminar ______ 3 PHYS 41800 Thermal Physics ______ 3 PHYS 44200): ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ #12;PHYSICS, B.S. PLAN--BIOMEDICAL PHYSICS (BIMD) (Fall 2015-Summer 2016) Term: Year: 2015 Term: Year

  2. Schroedinger equation and classical physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milos V. Lokajicek

    2012-05-30

    Any time-dependent solution of Schr\\"{o}dinger equation may be always correlated to a solution of Hamilton equations or to a statistical combination of their solutions; only the set of corresponding solutions is somewhat smaller (due to existence of quantization). There is not any reason to the physical interpretation according to Copenhagen alternative as Bell's inequalities are valid in the classical physics only (and not in any alternative based on Schr\\"{o}dinger equation). The advantage of Schr\\"{o}dinger equation consists then in that it enables to represent directly the time evolution of a statistical distribution of classical initial states (which is usual in collision experiments). The Schr\\"{o}dinger equation (without assumptions added by Bohr) may then represent the common physical theory for microscopic as well as macroscopic physical systems. However, together with the last possibility the solutions of Schr\\"{o}dinger equation may be helpful also in analyzing the influence of other statistically distributed properties (e.g., spin orientations or space structures) of individual matter objects forming a corresponding physical system, which goes in principle beyond the classical physics. In any case, the contemporary quantum theory represents the phenomenological approximative description of some matter characteristics only, without providing any insight into quantum mechanism emergence. In such a case it is necessary to take into account more detailed properties at least of some involved objects.

  3. Mathematics and Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    $author.value

    Associate Professor of Mathematics and Physics Website: [Webpage] [Bio] ... Research Interests: mathematical physics, condensed matter theory ...

  4. STAR Highlights on Heavy Ion Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shusu Shi

    2014-09-30

    RHIC-STAR is a mid-rapidity collider experiment for studying high energy nuclear collisions. The main physics goals of STAR experiment are 1) studying the properties of the strongly coupled Quark Gluon Plasma, 2) explore the QCD phase diagram structure. In these proceedings, we will review the recent results of heavy ion physics at STAR.

  5. Engineering Physics: Challenge Yourself! Presented by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abolmaesumi, Purang

    elective + 3 options 3 courses3 courses4 courses3 courses 3rd year3rd year3rd year3rd year Fluid mech 2 and the engineering option. #12;p.7 Engineering Physics Core Courses Second Year Mechanics Relativity and Quanta Engineering Physics Core Courses Third Year Electrical and Optical Properties of Materials Engineering

  6. Morphological studies on block copolymer modified PA 6 blends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poindl, M., E-mail: marcus.poindl@ikt.uni-stuttgart.de, E-mail: christian.bonten@ikt.uni-stuttgart.de; Bonten, C., E-mail: marcus.poindl@ikt.uni-stuttgart.de, E-mail: christian.bonten@ikt.uni-stuttgart.de [Institut für Kunststofftechnik, University of Stuttgart (Germany)

    2014-05-15

    Recent studies show that compounding polyamide 6 (PA 6) with a PA 6 polyether block copolymers made by reaction injection molding (RIM) or continuous anionic polymerization in a reactive extrusion process (REX) result in blends with high impact strength and high stiffness compared to conventional rubber blends. In this paper, different high impact PA 6 blends were prepared using a twin screw extruder. The different impact modifiers were an ethylene propylene copolymer, a PA PA 6 polyether block copolymer made by reaction injection molding and one made by reactive extrusion. To ensure good particle matrix bonding, the ethylene propylene copolymer was grafted with maleic anhydride (EPR-g-MA). Due to the molecular structure of the two block copolymers, a coupling agent was not necessary. The block copolymers are semi-crystalline and partially cross-linked in contrast to commonly used amorphous rubbers which are usually uncured. The combination of different analysis methods like atomic force microscopy (AFM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) gave a detailed view in the structure of the blends. Due to the partial cross-linking, the particles of the block copolymers in the blends are not spherical like the ones of ethylene propylene copolymer. The differences in molecular structure, miscibility and grafting of the impact modifiers result in different mechanical properties and different blend morphologies.

  7. High Energy Physics and Nuclear Physics Network Requirements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dart, Eli

    2014-01-01

    High Energy Physics and Nuclear Physics Network RequirementsCalifornia. High Energy Physics and Nuclear Physics Networkof High Energy Physics and Nuclear Physics, DOE Office of

  8. Physical Protection

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2005-08-26

    This Manual establishes requirements for the physical protection of safeguards and security interests. Copies of Section B, Safeguards and Security Alarm Management System, which contains Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information, and Appendix 1, Security Badge Specifications, which contains Official Use Only information, are only available, by request, from the program manager, Protection Program Operations, 301-903-6209. Chg 1, dated 3/7/06. Cancels: DOE M 473.1-1 and DOE M 471.2-1B

  9. Physical Protection

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2005-08-26

    Establishes requirements for the physical protection of safeguards and security interests. Copies of Section B, Safeguards and Security Alarm Management System, which contains Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information, and Appendix 1, Security Badge Specifications, which contains Official Use Only information, are only available, by request, from the program manager, Protection Program Operations, 301-903-6209. Cancels: DOE M 473.1-1 and DOE M 471.2-1B.

  10. Personal Property

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2014-10-16

    This Guide provides non-regulatory guidance and information to assist DOE organizations and contractors in implementing the DOE-wide and site-specific personal property management programs. It supplements the policy, requirements, and responsibilities information contained in the DOE Order cited above and clarifies the regulatory requirements contained in the Federal Property Management Regulation (FMR) and specific contracts.

  11. Morphological basis of tolerance to ozone

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Evans, M.J.; Dekker, N.P.; Cabral-Anderson, L.J.; Shami, S.G.

    1985-06-01

    The purpose of this research was to study Type 1 epithelial cells in the ozone (O/sub 3/)-tolerant lung epithelium. Rats were made tolerant by exposure to 0.5 ppm O/sub 3/ for 2 days and allowed to recover in air. Reexposure to a lethal concentration of O/sub 3/ (6 ppm) at 3, 7, and 15 days of recovery revealed that tolerance was present at 3 days but almost absent at 7 and 15 days of recovery. Using Type 2 cell proliferation as a means of quantitating Type 1 cell injury, it was observed that when the preexposed rats were reexposed to 0.5 ppm at 3, 7, and 15 days, very little Type 1 cell injury occurred at 3 days. However, at 7 and 15 days the amount of Type 1 cell injury was the same as that associated with the original exposure. To determine whether there was any change in the alveolar epithelial cell populations between the periods of tolerance (3 days) and its decline (7 and 15 days), the percentage of tritiated thymidine (( /sup 3/H)TdR-labeled Type 1 and 2 cells at these times were determined. There was a significant decrease in (/sup 3/H)TdR-labeled Type 1 and 2 cells between the third and fifteenth days of recovery as excess cells were sloughed off and the tissue returned to normal. Using electron microscopic morphometry, Type 1 and 2 cells were then studied during the decline of tolerance. No change was found in the morphology of Type 2 cells; however, the morphology of Type 1 cells revealed a 58% decrease in surface area and a 25% increase in the arithmetic mean thickness when tolerance was present at 3 days. As tolerance declined (7 and 15 days), Type 1 cell morphology returned to normal. It was concluded that tolerance exists when the surface area of a cell exposed to a particular concentration of ozone is small enough so that the existing antioxidant mechanism contained within that cell volume can protect it from damage.

  12. Dark-ages reionization & galaxy formation simulation V: morphology and statistical signatures of reionization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geil, Paul M; Poole, Gregory B; Angel, Paul W; Duffy, Alan R; Mesinger, Andrei; Wyithe, J Stuart B

    2015-01-01

    We use the Dark-ages, Reionization And Galaxy-formation Observables from Numerical Simulations (DRAGONS) framework to investigate the effect of galaxy-formation physics on the morphology and statistics of ionized hydrogen (HII) regions during the Epoch of Reioinization (EoR). DRAGONS self-consistently couples a semi-analytic galaxy-formation model with the inhomogeneous ionizing UV background, and can therefore be used to study the dependence of morphology and statistics of reionization on feedback phenomena of the ionizing source galaxy population. Changes in galaxy-formation physics modify the sizes of HII regions and the amplitude and shape of 21-cm power spectra. Of the galaxy physics investigated, we find that supernova feedback plays the most important role in reionization, with HII regions up to $\\approx 20$ per cent smaller and a fractional difference in the amplitude of power spectra of up to $\\approx 17$ per cent at fixed ionized fraction in the absence of this feedback. We compare our galaxy-format...

  13. Varied morphology carbon nanotubes and method for their manufacture

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Wenzhi; Wen, Jian Guo; Ren, Zhi Feng

    2007-01-02

    The present invention describes the preparation of carbon nanotubes of varied morphology, catalyst materials for their synthesis. The present invention also describes reactor apparatus and methods of optimizing and controlling process parameters for the manufacture carbon nanotubes with pre-determined morphologies in relatively high purity and in high yields. In particular, the present invention provides methods for the preparation of non-aligned carbon nanotubes with controllable morphologies, catalyst materials and methods for their manufacture.

  14. Quantitative Metrics of Soil Structure and Relationships to Hydraulic Properties in a Vertic Argiudoll

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eck, Dennis V.

    2014-05-31

    Soil structure is a fundamental property referring to the morphology of soil aggregates and the network of void spaces between them. Structure affects many pedogenic, hydrological, and other ecosystem service processes. While its importance...

  15. Enhanced electromechanical properties in all-polymer percolative composites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Jiangyu

    Enhanced electromechanical properties in all-polymer percolative composites Jiang Yu Lia to design and optimize electrostrictive composites with optimal electromechanical properties. © 2004 American Institute of Physics. DOI: 10.1063/1.1702127 Materials with large electromechanical coupling

  16. Code enforcement, tax delinquency, and strategic management of problematic properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Sara E

    2014-01-01

    This thesis considers two interrelated sources of blight in cities: so-called "problem properties" (PP), or properties in poor physical condition where owners have stopped performing basic maintenance, and tax-delinquent ...

  17. Atomistic Study of Transport Properties at the Nanoscale 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haskins, Justin

    2013-01-11

    A first approach to engineering problems in nanosized systems requires a thorough understanding of how physical properties change as size decreases from the macroscale. One important class of properties that can be severely affected by such a...

  18. Uranus at equinox: Cloud morphology and dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sromovsky, Lawrence; Hammel, Heidi; Ahue, William; de Pater, Imke; Rages, Kathy; Showalter, Mark; van Dam, Marcos

    2015-01-01

    As the 7 December 2007 equinox of Uranus approached, ring and atmosphere observers produced a substantial collection of observations using the 10-m Keck telescope and the Hubble Space Telescope. Those spanning the period from 7 June 2007 through 9 September 2007 we used to identify and track cloud features, determine atmospheric motions, characterize cloud morphology and dynamics, and define changes in atmospheric band structure. We confirmed the existence of the suspected northern hemisphere prograde jet, locating its peak near 58 N, and extended wind speed measurements to 73 N. For 28 cloud features we obtained extremely high wind-speed accuracy through extended tracking times. The new results confirm a small N-S asymmetry in the zonal wind profile, and the lack of any change in the southern hemisphere between 1986 (near solstice) and 2007 (near equinox) suggests that the asymmetry may be permanent rather than seasonally reversing. In the 2007 images we found two prominent groups of discrete cloud features ...

  19. Can Planets Influence the Horizontal Branch Morphology?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noam Soker

    1998-03-19

    As stars which have planetary systems evolve along the red giant branch and expand, they interact with the close planets. The planets deposit angular momentum and energy into the red giant stars' envelopes, both of which are likely to enhance mass loss on the red giant branch. The enhanced mass loss causes the star to become bluer as it turns to the horizontal branch. I propose that the presence of planetary systems, through this mechanism, can explain some anomalies in horizontal branch morphologies. In particular, planetary systems may be related to the ``second parameter'', which determines the distribution of horizontal branch stars on the Hertzsprung-Russel diagram. The proposed scenario predicts that surviving massive planets or brown dwarfs orbit many of the extreme blue horizontal branch stars, at orbital periods of tens days.

  20. New Morphological Paradigm Uncovered in Organic Solar Cells

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    New Morphological Paradigm Uncovered in Organic Solar Cells Print Organic solar cells are made of light, flexible, renewable materials; they require simple and inexpensive...

  1. New Morphological Paradigm Uncovered in Organic Solar Cells

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    more likely morphology based on the current study. The absorption of a photon in organic photovoltaics (OPVs) results in a bound exciton (electronhole pair) that must be...

  2. Nanoscale Morphological and Chemical Changes of High Voltage...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nanoscale Morphological and Chemical Changes of High Voltage Lithium-Manganese Rich NMC Composite Cathodes with Cycling Friday, August 29, 2014 Renewable energy is critical for the...

  3. PROPERTY MANUAL Berkeley Laboratory Property Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knowles, David William

    B: Sensitive Item Policy · APPENDIX C: Glossary Property Management System Review Property Manual of Energy (DOE). The Property Management charter ensures the efficient and effective protection and controlPROPERTY MANUAL Issued by Berkeley Laboratory Property Management Lawrence Berkeley National

  4. Impact of solvents and supercritical CO{sub 2} drying on the morphology and structure of polymer-based biofilms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Causa, Andrea; Acierno, Domenico; Filippone, Giovanni [Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica, dei Materiali e della Produzione Industriale, Universitŕ di Napoli Federico II, Piazzale V. Tecchio, 80, 80125 Napoli (Italy); Salerno, Aurelio; Domingo, Concepción [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Barcelona (ICMAB-CSIC), Campus de la UAB, 08193 Bellaterra (Spain)

    2014-05-15

    In the present work, two-dimensional systems based on biodegradable polymers such as poly(?-caprolactone) (PCL), poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) and polylactic acid (PLA) are fabricated by means of a sustainable approach which consists in inducing phase separation in solutions of such polymers and “green” solvents, namely ethyl lactate (EL) and ethyl acetate (EA). The extraction of the solvent is promoted by a controlled drying process, which is performed in either air or supercritical CO{sub 2}. The latter can indeed act as both an antisolvent, which favors the deposition of the polymer by forming a mixture with EL and EA, and a plasticizing agent, whose solvation and transport properties may considerably affect the microstructure and crystallinity of the polymer films. The morphological, topographical and crystalline properties of the films are tailored through a judicial selection of the materials and the processing conditions and assessed by means of thermal analyses, polarized optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and confocal interferometric microscopy. The results show that the morphological and crystalline properties of the films are strongly dependent on the choice of both the polymer/solvent system and the operating conditions during the drying step. In particular, the morphological, topographical and thermal properties of films prepared starting from highly crystalline polymers, namely PCL and PEO, are greatly affected by the crystallization of the material. Conversely, the less crystalline PLA forms almost completely amorphous films.

  5. Physics 3343: Modern Physics Spring 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diestel, Geoff

    Physics 3343: Modern Physics Spring 2013 Professor: Dr. Daniel K. Marble Office: SCI 213E Telephone: Science 232 Textbooks: Required: 1) Modern Physics 3rd Edition by Serway, Moses, and Moyer 2) Schaum's Outline Series: Modern Physics by Gautreau and Savin Recommended: 1) Quantum Physics of Atoms, Atoms

  6. School of Physics & Astronomy Physics Colloquium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richmond, Michael W.

    School of Physics & Astronomy Physics Colloquium Abstract: Physics degree holders are among and Technology employers know that with a physics training, a poten- tial hire has acquired a broad problem. Therefore it's no surprise that the majority of physics graduates find employment in private

  7. Physics 480 Introduction to Solid State Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kioussis, Nicholas

    Physics 480 Introduction to Solid State Physics Spring 2012 Logistics Lecture Room: 1100 (Live Oak://www.csun.edu/~nkioussi Prerequisites Quantum Mechanics or Modern Physics at 375 level Textbook Introduction to Solid State Physics, Charles Kittel, Wiley, 8th Edition Reference: Neil W. Ashcroft and N. David Mermin, Solid State Physics

  8. PHYSICS OF BURNING PHYSICS INACCESSIBLE TO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;OUTLINE · Introduction · Three Classes of Burning Plasma Physics inaccessable to contemporary tokamak of inaccessable burning plasma physics · Conclusions FIRE Workshop 2 May 2000 #12;INTRODUCTION · A fusion reactorPHYSICS OF BURNING PLASMAS: PHYSICS INACCESSIBLE TO PRESENT FACILITIES FIRE Physics Workshop May

  9. PHOTOVOLTAIC PROPERTIES OF AU-MEROCYANINE-TiO2 SANDWICH CELLS. I. DARK ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES AND TRANSIENT EFFECT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skotheim, T.

    2010-01-01

    Journal of Chemical Physics PHOTOVOLTAIC PROPERTIES OF AU-W-7405-ENG-48 j'\\:::) Photovoltaic Properties of Au-dye used in making the photovoltaic cells. Figure 2. Diagram

  10. CORRELATIONS AMONG GALAXY PROPERTIES FROM THE SLOAN DIGITAL SKY SURVEY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li Zhongmu; Mao Caiyan, E-mail: zhongmu.li@gmail.com [Institute for Astronomy and History of Science and Technology, Dali University, Dali 671003 (China)

    2013-07-01

    Galaxies are complex systems with many properties. Correlations among galaxy properties can supply important clues for studying the formation and evolution of galaxies. Using principal component analysis and least-squares fitting, this paper investigates the correlations among galactic parameters involving more properties (color, morphology, stellar population, and absolute magnitude) than previous studies. We use a volume-limited sample (whole sample) of 75,423 galaxies that was selected from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 2 and divided into two subsamples (blue and red samples) using a critical color of (g - r) = 0.70 mag. In addition to recovering some previous results, we also obtain some new results. First, all separators for dividing galaxies into two groups can be related via good parameter-first principal component (PC1) correlations. A critical PC1 that indicates whether or not stellar age (or the evolution of a stellar population over time) is important can be used to separate galaxies. This suggests that a statistical parameter, PC1, is helpful in understanding the physical separators of galaxies. In addition, stellar age is shown to be unimportant for red galaxies, while both stellar age and mass are dominating parameters of blue galaxies. This suggests that the various numbers of dominating parameters of galaxies may result from the use of different samples. Finally, some parameters are shown to be correlated, and quantitative fits for a few correlations are obtained, e.g., log(t) = 8.57 + 1.65 (g - r) for the age (log t) and color (g - r) of blue galaxies and log (M{sub *}) = 4.31 - 0.30 M{sub r} for the stellar mass (log M{sub *}) and absolute magnitude (M{sub r}) of red galaxies. The median relationships between various parameter pairs are also presented for comparison.

  11. Physical Sciences

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesseworkSURVEYI/OPerformance andAreaPhotoinducedCenter Objective ThePhysical

  12. On phase equilibria and crystal structures in the systems Ce-Pd-B and Yb-Pd-B. Physical properties of R{sub 2}Pd{sub 13.6}B{sub 5} (R=Yb, Lu)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sologub, Oksana [Institute of Physical Chemistry, University of Vienna, A-1090 Wien, Waehringerstrasse 42 (Austria); Rogl, Peter, E-mail: peter.franz.rogl@univie.ac.a [Institute of Physical Chemistry, University of Vienna, A-1090 Wien, Waehringerstrasse 42 (Austria); Salamakha, Leonid; Bauer, Ernst; Hilscher, Gerfried; Michor, Herwig [Institute of Solid State Physics, Vienna University of Technology, A-1040 Wien (Austria); Giester, Gerald [Institute of Mineralogy and Crystallography, University of Vienna, Althanstr. 14, A-1090 Wien (Austria)

    2010-05-15

    Phase equilibria and crystal structures of ternary compounds were determined in the systems Ce-Pd-B and Yb-Pd-B at 850 deg. C in the concentration ranges up to 45 and 33 at% of Ce and Yb, respectively, employing X-ray single crystal and powder diffraction. Phase relations in the Ce-Pd-B system at 850 deg. C are governed by formation of extended homogeneity fields, tau{sub 2}-CePd{sub 8}B{sub 2-x} (0.10Physical properties for Yb{sub 2}Pd{sub 13.6}B{sub 5} (temperature dependent specific heat, electrical resistivity and magnetization) yielded a predominantly Yb-4f{sup 13} electronic configuration, presumably related with a magnetic instability below 2 K. Kondo interaction and crystalline electric field effects control the paramagnetic temperature domain. - Graphical Abstract: Crystal structure of CePd{sub 8}B{sub 2-x}.

  13. 1 September 2000 Z .Chemical Physics Letters 327 2000 6975

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 September 2000 Z .Chemical Physics Letters 327 2000 69­75 www.elsevier.nlrlocatercplett Enhanced and Astronomy, UniŐersity of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA Received 9 May 2000; in final form 13 July 2000 Abstract Z .The effects of processing on the structure and morphology of single

  14. Investigation of refractory black carbon-containing particle morphologies using the single-particle soot photometer (SP2)

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Sedlacek, III, Arthur J.; Lewis, Ernie R.; Onasch, Timothy B.; Lambe, Andrew T.; Davidovits, Paul

    2015-07-24

    An important source of uncertainty in radiative forcing by absorbing aerosol particles is the uncertainty in their morphologies (i.e., the location of the absorbing substance on/in the particles). To examine the effects of particle morphology on the response of an individual black carbon-containing particle in a Single-Particle Soot Photometer (SP2), a series of experiments was conducted to investigate black carbon-containing particles of known morphology using Regal black (RB), a proxy for collapsed soot, as the light-absorbing substance. Particles were formed by coagulation of RB with either a solid substance (sodium chloride or ammonium sulfate) or a liquid substance (dioctyl sebacate),more »and by condensation with dioctyl sebacate, the latter experiment forming particles in a core-shell configuration. Each particle type experienced fragmentation (observed as negative lagtimes), and each yielded similar lagtime responses in some instances, confounding attempts to differentiate particle morphology using current SP2 lagtime analysis. SP2 operating conditions, specifically laser power and sample flow rate, which in turn affect the particle heating and dissipation rates, play an important role in the behavior of particles in the SP2, including probability of fragmentation. This behavior also depended on the morphology of the particles and on the thermo-chemical properties of the non-RB substance. Although these influences cannot currently be unambiguously separated, the SP2 analysis may still provide useful information on particle mixing states and black carbon particle sources.« less

  15. TOP QUARK PHYSICS AT THE NLC CARL R. SCHMIDT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Carl

    TOP QUARK PHYSICS AT THE NLC CARL R. SCHMIDT Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics University) is an excellent tool for studying the properties of the top quark. In this talk I review some of the theory of top, is an ideal tool for studying the properties of the top quark. The event environment in e + e \\Gamma

  16. Personal Property

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2015-06-09

    This Guide provides non-regulatory guidance and information to assist DOE organizations and contractors in implementing the DOE-wide and site-specific personal property management programs. Supersedes DOE G 580.1-1.

  17. Center for Beam Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chattopadhyay, S.

    2010-01-01

    for Heavy Ion Fusion," Research Trends in Physics, La JollaInternational School of Physics, New York, New York (1992),Professor and Chairman Physics Department University of

  18. Particle Physics Booklet 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    et al., C. Amsler

    2008-01-01

    212 25. Accelerator physics of colliders ? 26. High-energythe full Review. PARTICLE PHYSICS BOOKLET TABLE OF CONTENTSrev. ) Summary Tables of Particle Physics Gauge and Higgs

  19. Center for Beam Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chattopadhyay, S.

    2010-01-01

    presented at APS Division of Plasma Physics, Denver,of Division of Physics of Beams of APS, InternationalLinear Colliders," APS New Directions in High Energy Physics

  20. Non-Equilibrium Magnetohydrodynamic Behavior of Plasmas having Complex, Evolving Morphology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bellan, Paul M.

    2014-03-13

    Our main activity has been doing lab experiments where plasmas having morphology and behavior similar to solar and astrophysical plasmas are produced and studied. The solar experiment is mounted on one end of a large vacuum chamber while the astrophysical jet experiment is mounted on the other end. Diagnostics are shared between the two experiments. The solar experiment produces arched plasma loops that behave very much like solar corona loops. The astrophysical jet experiment produces plasma jets that are very much like astrophysical jets. We have also done work on plasma waves, including general wave dispersions, and specific properties of kinetic Alfven waves and of whistler waves.

  1. Nuclear Physics of Neutron Stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Piekarewicz

    2009-01-28

    Understanding the equation of state (EOS) of cold nuclear matter, namely, the relation between the pressure and energy density, is a central goal of nuclear physics that cuts across a variety of disciplines. Indeed, the limits of nuclear existence, the collision of heavy ions, the structure of neutron stars, and the dynamics of core-collapse supernova, all depend critically on the equation of state of hadronic matter. In this contribution I will concentrate on the special role that nuclear physics plays in constraining the EOS of cold baryonic matter and its impact on the properties of neutron stars.

  2. H{sub ?} SPECTRAL DIVERSITY OF TYPE II SUPERNOVAE: CORRELATIONS WITH PHOTOMETRIC PROPERTIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gutiérrez, Claudia P.; Hamuy, Mario; González-Gaitán, Santiago [Millennium Institute of Astrophysics, Casilla 36-D, Santiago (Chile); Anderson, Joseph P. [Departamento de Astronomía, Universidad de Chile, Casilla 36-D, Santiago (Chile); Folatelli, Gastón [Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (IPMU), University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8583 (Japan); Morrell, Nidia I.; Phillips, Mark M.; Thomas-Osip, Joanna [Carnegie Observatories, Las Campanas Observatory, Casilla 601, La Serena (Chile); Stritzinger, Maximilian D. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, Ny Munkegade 120, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark); McCarthy, Patrick [Observatories of the Carnegie Institution for Science, Pasadena, CA 91101 (United States); Suntzeff, Nicholas B., E-mail: cgutierr@das.uchile.cl [George P. and Cynthia Woods Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 (United States)

    2014-05-10

    We present a spectroscopic analysis of the H{sub ?} profiles of hydrogen-rich Type II supernovae. A total of 52 Type II supernovae having well-sampled optical light curves and spectral sequences were analyzed. Concentrating on the H{sub ?} P-Cygni profile we measure its velocity from the FWHM of the emission and the ratio of absorption to emission (a/e) at a common epoch at the start of the recombination phase, and search for correlations between these spectral parameters and photometric properties of the V-band light curves. Testing the strength of various correlations we find that a/e appears to be the dominant spectral parameter in terms of describing the diversity in our measured supernova properties. It is found that supernovae with smaller a/e have higher H{sub ?} velocities, more rapidly declining light curves from maximum during the plateau and radioactive tail phase, are brighter at maximum light, and have shorter optically thick phase durations. We discuss possible explanations of these results in terms of physical properties of Type II supernovae, speculating that the most likely parameters that influence the morphologies of H{sub ?} profiles are the mass and density profile of the hydrogen envelope, together with additional emission components due to circumstellar interaction.

  3. Local mechanical properties of electrospun fibers correlate to their internal nanostructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrea Camposeo; Israel Greenfeld; Francesco Tantussi; Stefano Pagliara; Maria Moffa; Francesco Fuso; Maria Allegrini; Eyal Zussman; Dario Pisignano

    2013-11-14

    The properties of polymeric nanofibers can be tailored and enhanced by properly managing the structure of the polymeric molecules at the nanoscale. Although electrospun polymer fibers are increasingly exploited in many technological applications, their internal nanostructure, determining their improved physical properties, is still poorly investigated and understood. Here, we unravel the internal structure of electrospun functional nanofibers made by prototype conjugated polymers. The unique features of near field optical measurements are exploited to investigate the nanoscale spatial variation of the polymer density, evidencing the presence of a dense internal core embedded in a less dense polymeric shell. Interestingly, nanoscale mapping the fiber Young's modulus demonstrates that the dense core is stiffer than the polymeric, less dense shell. These findings are rationalized by developing a theoretical modeling and simulations of the polymer molecular structural evolution during the electrospinning process. This model predicts that the stretching of the polymer network induces a contraction towards the jet center of the network with a local increase of the polymer density, as observed in the solid structure. The found complex internal structure opens interesting perspective for improving and tailoring the molecular morphology and multifunctional electronic and optical properties of polymer fibers.

  4. Using Self-Organization To Control Morphology in Molecular Photovoltaics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in thin-film solar cells. A general understanding of how to control morphology in organic photovoltaicsUsing Self-Organization To Control Morphology in Molecular Photovoltaics Seok Ju Kang,,# Seokhoon-processed self- assembled heterojunction solar cells using dodecyloxy- substituted contorted hexabenzocoronene

  5. Morphological castes in a vertebrate M. J. O'Riain*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danchin, Etienne

    Morphological castes in a vertebrate M. J. O'Riain* , J. U. M. Jarvis , R. Alexander§ , R of reproduction in females. This is the only known example of morphological castes in a vertebrate and is distinct breeding vertebrates. The evolution of castes in a mammal and insects represents a striking example

  6. Surf zone eddies coupled with rip current morphology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirby, James T.

    Surf zone eddies coupled with rip current morphology Jamie H. MacMahan Oceanography Department. Thornton, and T. P. Stanton (2004), Surf zone eddies coupled with rip current morphology, J. Geophys. Res) surf zone eddies (SZEs) were observed on a beach composed of shore-connected shoals with quasi

  7. Wood in rivers: interactions with channel morphology and processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montgomery, David R.

    Editorial Wood in rivers: interactions with channel morphology and processes No doubt about it, wood complicates fluvial geo- morphology. It messes up nice tidy streams, compli- cates quantitative through the study of channels lacking a substantial load of wood debris (Leopold et al., 1964

  8. Morphology and thermal conductivity of yttria-stabilized zirconia coatings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wadley, Haydn

    Morphology and thermal conductivity of yttria-stabilized zirconia coatings Hengbei Zhao a vapor deposition method was used to grow 7 wt.% Y2O3­ZrO2 (7YSZ) coatings and the effects of substrate rotation upon the coating porosity, morphology, texture, and thermal conductivity were explored

  9. September 25, 2003 Morphology and the Web of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Makous, Walter

    September 25, 2003 Morphology and the Web of Grammar: Essays in Memory of Steven G. Lapointe C: Preface by U.C. Davis Linguistics Faculty. vii Morphology and the Web of Grammar. C. Orhan Orgun and Peter and the Web of Grammar. C. Orhan Orgun and Peter Sells (eds.). Copyright c 2003, CSLI Publications. #12

  10. Lipid Domain Order and the Algebra of Morphology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tristan Ursell; Rob Phillips

    2009-05-09

    Lipid membranes regulate the flow of materials and information between cells and their organelles. Further, lipid composition and morphology can play a key role in regulating a variety of biological processes. For example, viral uptake, plasma membrane tension regulation, and the formation of caveolae all require the creation and control of groups of lipids that adopt specific morphologies. In this paper, we use a simplified model mixture of lipids and cholesterol to examine the interplay between lipid phase-separation and bilayer morphology. We observe and theoretically analyze three main features of phase-separated giant unilamellar vesicles. First, by tracking the motion of `dimpled' domains, we measure repulsive, elastic interactions that create short--range translational and orientational order, leading to a stable distribution of domain sizes, and hence maintaining lateral heterogeneity on relatively short length scales and long time scales. Second, we examine the transition to `budded' domain morphologies, showing that the transition is size-selective, and has two kinetic regimes, as revealed by a calculated phase diagram. Finally, using observations of the interactions between dimpled and budded domains, we build a theoretical framework with an elastic model that maps the free energies and allowed transitions in domain morphology upon coalescence, to serve as an interpretive tool for understanding the algebra of domain morphology. In all three cases, the two major factors that regulate domain morphology and morphological transitions are the domain size and membrane tension.

  11. Multivariate Mathematical Morphology applied to Color Image Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lefèvre, Sébastien

    Chapter 10 Multivariate Mathematical Morphology applied to Color Image Analysis 10.1. Introduction multivariate morphological operators, none of them has yet been widely accepted. Chapter written by E. APTOULA and S. LEFĂ?VRE. 303 #12;304 Multivariate Image Processing The lexicographical ordering is certainly

  12. Manual of Leaf Architecture Morphological description and categorization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilf, Peter

    - 1 - Manual of Leaf Architecture Morphological description and categorization of dicotyledonous reserved. Published and distributed by: Leaf Architecture Working Group c/o Scott Wing Department-9677554-0-9 Please cite as: Manual of Leaf Architecture - morphological description and categorization

  13. Multivariate and Supervised Approaches for Mathematical Morphology in Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lefčvre, Sébastien

    Multivariate and Supervised Approaches for Mathematical Morphology in Remote Sensing S´ebastien Lef`evre Image Sciences, Computer Sciences and Remote Sensing Laboratory (LSIIT) Models, Image and Vision Team MM Supervised MM Applications in Remote Sensing Conclusion Mathematical Morphology is a powerful

  14. When Physics met Politics:When Physics met Politics: Physics of Politics? Politics of Physics?Physics of Politics? Politics of Physics?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yang-Yuan

    When Physics met Politics:When Physics met Politics: Physics of Politics? Politics of Physics?Physics of Politics? Politics of Physics? :: ?? ?? SaiSai--Ping LiPing Li Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica · Atomic and Molecular Physics · Particle Physics · Astrophysics · Nuclear Physics · Biophysics

  15. Hydrothermal growth and morphology evolution of CePO{sub 4} aggregates by a complexing method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ma Lin [Department of Chemistry, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Chen Weixiang [Department of Chemistry, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China)], E-mail: weixiangchen@css.zju.edu.cn; Zheng Yifan [Institute of Industrial Catalysis, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310014 (China); Xu Zhude [Department of Chemistry, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China)

    2008-11-03

    A facile hydrothermal route assisted by Na{sub 2}H{sub 2}EDTA (ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid disodium) has been successfully developed to prepare uniform cerium phosphate (CePO{sub 4}) aggregates with different morphologies, such as peanut-like and spindle-like. It was found that the as-prepared uniform CePO{sub 4} aggregates were constructed with many nearly parallel aligned nanorods. The molar ratio of EDTA/Ce{sup 3+}, solution pH and reaction time had great influences on the morphologies and sizes of the CePO{sub 4} samples. In our process of synthesis, Na{sub 2}H{sub 2}EDTA played important roles as complexing reagent and inducing agent on the formation of CePO{sub 4} aggregates. The possible growth mechanism for CePO{sub 4} aggregates was presented. Ce{sub 0.9}Tb{sub 0.1}PO{sub 4} aggregates with different morphologies were also prepared and their photoluminescence properties were characterized.

  16. Tidal Stream Morphology as an Indicator of Dark Matter Halo Geometry: the Case of Palomar 5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pearson, Sarah; Johnston, Kathryn V; Price-Whelan, Adrian M

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents an example where the morphology of a single stellar stream can be used to rule out a specific galactic potential form without the need for velocity information. We investigate the globular cluster Palomar5 (Pal 5), which is tidally disrupting into a cold, thin stream mapped over 22 degrees on the sky with a typical width of 0.7 degrees. We generate models of this stream by fixing Pal 5's present-day position, distance and radial velocity via observations, while allowing its proper motion to vary. In a spherical dark matter halo we easily find models that fit the observed morphology. However, no plausible Pal 5 model could be found in the triaxial potential of Law & Majewski (2010), which has been proposed to explain the properties of the Sagittarius stream. In this case, the long, thin and curved morphology of the Pal5 stream alone can be used to rule out such a potential configuration. Pal 5 like streams in this potential are either too straight, missing the curvature of the observati...

  17. Tritium evolution from various morphologies of palladium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tuggle, D.G.; Claytor, T.N.; Taylor, S.F. |

    1994-04-01

    The authors have been able to extend the tritium production techniques to various novel morphologies of palladium. These include small solid wires of various diameters and a type of pressed powder wire and a plasma cell. In most successful experiments, the amount of palladium required, for an equivalent tritium output, has been reduced by a factor of 100 over the older powder methods. In addition, they have observed rates of tritium production (>5 nCi/h) that far exceed most of the previous results. Unfortunately, the methods that they currently use to obtain the tritium are poorly understood and consequently there are numerous variables that need to be investigated before the new methods are as reliable and repeatable as the previous techniques. For instance, it seems that surface and/or bulk impurities play a major role in the successful generation of any tritium. In those samples with total impurity concentrations of >400 ppM essentially no tritium has been generated by the gas loading and electrical simulation methods.

  18. Growth direction and morphology of ZnO nanobelts revealed by combining in situ atomic force microscopy and polarized Raman spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    Growth direction and morphology of ZnO nanobelts revealed by combining in situ atomic force of Physics, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332-0430, USA 2 School of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332-0245, USA Received 26 June 2009; revised

  19. Top Quark Physics at the Tevatron

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frederic Deliot; Douglas Glenzinski

    2011-10-10

    We review the field of top-quark physics with an emphasis on experimental techniques. The role of the top quark in the Standard Model of particle physics is summarized and the basic phenomenology of top-quark production and decay is introduced. We discuss how contributions from physics beyond the Standard Model could affect top-quark properties or event samples. The many measurements made at the Fermilab Tevatron, which test the Standard Model predictions or probe for direct evidence of new physics using the top-quark event samples, are reviewed here.

  20. Physics Illinois Undergraduate Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Tonghun

    Physics Illinois Undergraduate Programs Department of Physics College of Engineering University to undergraduate education. Over the last 15 years, in collaboration with our nationally recognized Physics Education Research Group, our faculty has reinvented the way undergraduate physics courses are taught

  1. MOLECULAR BIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY Introduction to Physical Biochemistry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MOLECULAR BIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY MBB 323-3 Introduction to Physical Biochemistry DAY Fall 2007 theories of physics and chemistry, called thermodynamics, kinetics, and statistical mechanics, form for measuring physical properties of biological molecules are discussed, along with the models which

  2. Physics 291: Physics Science Outreach Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baski, Alison

    Physics 291: Physics Science Outreach Course Information Fall 2005 Information (course on General Education List K - Urban) Phys291: Topic - Physical Science Outreach - Richmond Elementary (#14917) Time: Tues & Thurs at 11:00 am to 12:15 pm (plus outreach visits) Location: OLVPH #2121 (located in Physics

  3. Color Imaging Arithmetic: Physics Math > Physics + Math

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharma, Gaurav

    Color Imaging Arithmetic: Physics Math > Physics + Math Gaurav Sharma University of Rochester inter- action commonly form the physical interface by which we connect to the digital cyber-world. Because these devices bridge the physical and the electronic worlds, elegant and effective solutions

  4. People's Physics Book The People's Physics Book

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    #12;People's Physics Book The People's Physics Book Authors James H. Dann, Ph.D. James J. Dann. All rights reserved. Textbook Website http://scipp.ucsc.edu/outreach/index2.html #12;People's Physics) "Each discovery, each advance, each increase in the sum of human riches, owes its being to the physical

  5. Physics Procedia 00 (2013) 16 Physics Procedia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adler, Joan

    2013-01-01

    Physics Procedia 00 (2013) 1­6 Physics Procedia Educating the next generation of Computational Physicists Joan Adler Physics Department, Technion -IIT, Haifa, Israel, 32000 Abstract Many "senior" Computational Physics researchers began their careers perched on of the other vertices of the Landau triangle

  6. People's Physics Book The People's Physics Book

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    People's Physics Book The People's Physics Book Authors James H. Dann, Ph.D. James J. Dann. All rights reserved. Textbook Website http://scipp.ucsc.edu/outreach/index2.html #12;People's Physics) "Each discovery, each advance, each increase in the sum of human riches, owes its being to the physical

  7. Physics Procedia 00 (2013) 15 Physics Procedia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adler, Joan

    2013-01-01

    Physics Procedia 00 (2013) 1­5 Physics Procedia Educating the next generation of Computational Physicists Joan Adler Physics Department, Technion -IIT, Haifa, Israel, 32000 Abstract Many "senior" Computational Physics researchers began their careers perched on of the other vertices of the Landau triangle

  8. Physics 129 Nuclear and Particle Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Physics 129 Nuclear and Particle Physics Winter Quarter 2008 Instructor: David A. Williams (office Physics by W. S. C. Williams, Oxford University Press, 1991. Course materials Homework assignments materials will be distributed on the web site above. Nine texts on nuclear and particle physics, all

  9. Physics 375 Introduction to Quantum Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kioussis, Nicholas

    Physics 375 Introduction to Quantum Physics Fall 2006 Logistics Lecture Room: LO 1100 (Science I, 1 Phone: 818 677-7733 e-mail: nick.kioussis@csun.edu http://www.csun.edu/~nkioussi/ Prerequisites Physics 227 ­ Calculus based course on Thermodynamics, Waves, and Modern Physics Textbook Introductory Quantum

  10. EFFECT OF COMPRESSION ON CONDUCTIVITY AND MORPHOLOGY OF PFSA MEMBRANES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kusoglu, Ahmet; Weber, Adam; Jiang, Ruichin; Gittleman, Craig

    2011-07-20

    Polymer-Electrolyte-Fuel-Cells (PEFCs) are promising candidates for powering vehicles and portable devices using renewable-energy sources. The core of a PEFC is the solid electrolyte membrane that conducts protons from anode to cathode, where water is generated. The conductivity of the membrane, however, depends on the water content of the membrane, which is strongly related to the cell operating conditions. The membrane and other cell components are typically compressed to minimize various contact resistances. Moreover, the swelling of a somewhat constrained membrane in the cell due to the humidity changes generates additional compressive stresses in the membrane. These external stresses are balanced by the internal swelling pressure of the membrane and change the swelling equilibrium. It was shown using a fuel-cell setup that compression could reduce the water content of the membrane or alter the cell resistance. Nevertheless, the effect of compression on the membrane’s transport properties is yet to be understood, as well as its implications in the structure-functions relationships of the membrane. We previously studied, both experimentally and theoretically, how compression affects the water content of the membrane.6 However, more information is required the gain a fundamental understanding of the compression effects. In this talk, we present the results of our investigation on the in-situ conductivity of the membrane as a function of humidity and cell compression pressure. Moreover, to better understand the morphology of compressed membrane, small-angle X-ray-scattering (SAXS) experiments were performed. The conductivity data is then analyzed by investigating the size of the water domains of the compressed membrane determined from the SAXS measurements.

  11. January 2010 Physics 3300

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    deYoung, Brad

    1 January 2010 Physics 3300 Introduction to Physical Oceanography Instructor: Brad de Young Physics and Physical Oceanography Memorial University, bdeyoung@mun.ca Room C-3000 737-8738 Physics 3300 Introduction? What's next? Texts : Robert H. Stewart, Introduction to Physical Oceanography, Robert H. Stewart

  12. Mathematics and Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sengun, Mehmet Haluk

    knowledge of mathematics and physics after you graduate." 3thE UnivErsity Of warwick Introduction #12;TheMathematics and Physics Physics at warwick 2016 #12;Physics at Warwick Joint Honours Courses Mathematics and Physics #12;Gary Barker head, Undergraduate admissions "Mathematics and physics are a sensible

  13. Segmented Nanowires Displaying Locally Controllable Properties

    Energy Innovation Portal (Marketing Summaries) [EERE]

    2011-04-22

    The electrical, chemical, mechanical, and optical properties of nanostructures depend on their physical dimensions and chemical compositions. Current methods of forming nanowires rely on knowing the average values for these parameters. As a result, there is poor control over local properties of the nanowires, which may vary from spot to spot in an uncontrolled fashion. By using knowledge of the size-dependent phase diagram, the inventors have developed methods of controlling the properties...

  14. Analysis of Coherence Properties of 3rd Generation Synchrotron Sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    physics 0907.4009 ########### Analysis of Coherence Properties of 3­rd Generation Synchrotron is used for the analysis of the transverse coherence properties of 3­rd generation synchrotron sources [physics.optics] 23 Jul 2009 #12; 1 Introduction With the construction of 3­rd generation, hard x

  15. Transformation of Morphology and Luminosity Classes of the SDSS Galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Changbom Park; J. Richard Gott III; Yun-Young Choi

    2007-10-23

    We present a unified picture on the evolution of galaxy luminosity and morphology. Galaxy morphology is found to depend critically on the local environment set up by the nearest neighbor galaxy in addition to luminosity and the large scale density. When a galaxy is located farther than the virial radius from its closest neighbor, the probability for the galaxy to have an early morphological type is an increasing function only of luminosity and the local density due to the nearest neighbor ($\\rho_n$). The tide produced by the nearest neighbor is thought to be responsible for the morphology transformation toward the early type at these separations. When the separation is less than the virial radius, i.e. when $\\rho_n > \\rho_{\\rm virial}$, its morphology depends also on the neighbor's morphology and the large-scale background density over a few Mpc scales ($\\rho_{20}$) in addition to luminosity and $\\rho_n$. The early type probability keeps increasing as $\\rho_n$ increases if its neighbor is an early type. But the probability decreases as $\\rho_n$ increases when the neighbor is a late type. The cold gas streaming from the late type neighbor can be the reason for the morphology transformation toward late type. The overall early-type fraction increases as $\\rho_{20}$ increases when $\\rho_n > \\rho_{\\rm virial}$. This can be attributed to the hot halo gas of the neighbor which is confined by the pressure of the ambient medium held by the background mass. We have also found that galaxy luminosity depends on $\\rho_n$, and that the isolated bright galaxies are more likely to be recent merger products. We propose a scenario that a series of morphology and luminosity transformation occur through distant interactions and mergers, which results in the morphology--luminosity--local density relation.

  16. Morphological Component Analysis and Inpainting on the Sphere: Application in Physics and Astrophysics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    DAPNIA/SEDI-SAP, Service d'Astrophysique, CEA-Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France 2 GREYC - CNRS UMR projection and thresholding scheme, using a successively decreas- ing threshold towards zero with each Fourier and related bases, wavelet bases, as well as other more recent multiscale systems

  17. Morphological Component Analysis and Inpainting on the Sphere: Application in Physics and Astrophysics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Starck, Jean-Luc

    DAPNIA/SEDI-SAP, Service d'Astrophysique, CEA-Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France 2 GREYC - CNRS UMR projection and thresholding scheme, using a successively decreas- ing threshold towards zero with each bases, wavelet bases, as well as other more recent multiscale systems such as the ridgelet [17

  18. A compact physical model for morphology induced intrinsic degradation of organic bulk heterojunction solar cell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alam, Muhammad A.

    heterojunction solar cell Biswajit Raya) and Muhammad A. Alamb) School of Electrical and Computer Engineering challenge for economic viability of any solar cell technology. Well known examples include light for an intrinsic degradation concern for bulk heterojunction type organic photovoltaic (BH-OPV) cells that involve

  19. Rectangular Symmetry Morphologies in a Topographically Templated Block Copolymer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hannon, Adam F.

    Using an array of majority-block-functionalized posts makes it possible to locally control the self-assembly of a block copolymer and achieve several morphologies on a single substrate. A template consisting of a square ...

  20. Construction of Evolutionary Tree for Morphological Engineering of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jiaxing

    Construction of Evolutionary Tree for Morphological Engineering of Nanoparticles Kwonnam Sohn of Materials Science and Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208-3108, and Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, California State University, Los Angeles, California 90032 N anoparticles

  1. Morphological control of silicalite-1 crystals using microemulsion mediated growth 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Seung Ju

    2005-11-01

    space afforded by the microemulsion, is essential. The results suggest that this may be a versatile and useful approach to controlling zeolite crystal morphology and growth of crystals obtained from conventional high-silica zeolite synthesis procedures....

  2. Polymer Solar Cells: New Materials, 3D Morphology, and Tandem...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Polymer Solar Cells: New Materials, 3D Morphology, and Tandem Devices March 2, 2010 at 3pm36-428 Ren Janssen Molecular Materials and Nanosystems, Eindhoven University of...

  3. Rotation-invariant convolutional neural networks for galaxy morphology prediction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dieleman, Sander; Dambre, Joni

    2015-01-01

    Measuring the morphological parameters of galaxies is a key requirement for studying their formation and evolution. Surveys such as the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) have resulted in the availability of very large collections of images, which have permitted population-wide analyses of galaxy morphology. Morphological analysis has traditionally been carried out mostly via visual inspection by trained experts, which is time-consuming and does not scale to large ($\\gtrsim10^4$) numbers of images. Although attempts have been made to build automated classification systems, these have not been able to achieve the desired level of accuracy. The Galaxy Zoo project successfully applied a crowdsourcing strategy, inviting online users to classify images by answering a series of questions. Unfortunately, even this approach does not scale well enough to keep up with the increasing availability of galaxy images. We present a deep neural network model for galaxy morphology classification which exploits translational and r...

  4. Microbial Physiology and Biosignature Production: Mineralogical, Morphological and Geochemical Examples 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeng, Zhirui

    2014-11-21

    promote carbonate precipitation. However, little is known about how iron reducing bacteria induce carbonate formation, and control carbonate composition and morphology. Direct observation and geochemical modeling indicated actively metabolizing cells...

  5. Developmental Plasticity in Macrophiothrix Brittlestars: Are Morphologically Convergent Larvae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Developmental Plasticity in Macrophiothrix Brittlestars: Are Morphologically Convergent Larvae Also Convergently Plastic? ROBERT D. PODOLSKY* AND JUSTIN S. MCALISTER Department of Biology, University of North dimensions. The expression of adaptive plasticity (significantly longer arms in L versus H cultures

  6. Thermodynamic and morphological transitions in crystalline and soft material interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tang, Ming, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01

    Interfaces are defects present in all materials. Interface transitions are characterized by abrupt changes in interface structure, chemistry and/or morphology under suitable conditions. They exist in many material systems ...

  7. Children’s story authoring with Propp’s morphology 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammond, Sean Paul

    2011-06-30

    This thesis applies concepts from Vladimir Propp’s model of the narrative structure of fairy tales (Propp’s morphology) to a story authoring tool for children. A computer story authoring application based on Propp’s ...

  8. A Behavioral Analysis of Clovis Point Morphology Using Geometric Morphometrics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Heather Lynn

    2012-02-14

    then be used to address research questions concerning Clovis point variability, and ultimately, the spread of this tool-form across North America. This paper addresses obstacles to behavioral investigations of stone tool morphology such as the effects...

  9. The hyperbolic lattice : morphology, kinematics, and potential applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clifford, Dale Timothy, 1966-

    1999-01-01

    This thesis is a study of the kinetics and morphology of the hyperbolic lattice. Experiments began with simple models of sticks and string and progressed to the development of a surgical retractor made from biocompatible ...

  10. Quaternary morphology and paleoenvironmental records of carbonate islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toomey, Michael (Michael Ryan)

    2014-01-01

    Here I use a simple numerical model of reef profile evolution to show that the present-day morphology of carbonate islands has developed largely in response to late Pleistocene sea level oscillations in addition to variable ...

  11. A unified morphological description of Nafion membranes from SAXS and mesoscale simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliott, James

    A unified morphological description of Nafion membranes from SAXS and mesoscale simulations James A with mesoscale simulations of the morphology of Nafion using Dissipative Particle Dynamics (DPD) parameterized

  12. Top Mass and Properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yen-Chu Chen

    2008-05-15

    The top quark was discovered in 1995. The top quark mass is now well measured at the Tevatron, with uncertainty getting below 1% of the top mass. The world average from last year was 170.9 $\\pm$ 1.8 GeV/$c^2$. The new CDF measurement is 172 $\\pm$ 1.2 (stat) $\\pm$ 1.5 (sys) GeV/$c^2$, and D0 will soon present a new measurement. The top quark mass is an important parameter in the Standard Model, and should be measured as precisely as possible. To learn more about the top quark observed and study possible new physics, other properties also should be measured. At the Tevatron, the charge of the top quark can be measured directly. Examples of other properties studied and reported in this presentation are W helicity, top decay branching ratio to b ($R_b$), searches for $t \\to H b$ and for flavor changing neutral current (FCNC). The results are all consistent with the Standard Model within current statistics. With significantly more data being collected at the Tevatron, precision measurements of the top properties are just starting.

  13. Physics Resources for Teachers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collar, Juan I.

    Physics Resources for Teachers University of Wisconsin ­ Madison Department of Physics 1150 University Ave. Madison, WI 53706 wonders@physics.wisc.edu (608) 262-2927 Plasma Physics Web Resources Center Plasma Physics Lab http://science-education.pppl.gov/ Coalition for Plasma Science http

  14. General Syllabus Physics 45100

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brinkmann, Peter

    General Syllabus Physics 45100 Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics Designation: Undergraduate Catalog description: 45100: Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics Temperature; equation of state; work and statistical mechanics; low-temperature physics; the Third Law. 3 HR./Wk.; 3 CR. Prerequisites: Physics 35100

  15. B Physics (Experiment)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michal Kreps

    2010-08-13

    In past few years the flavor physics made important transition from the work on confirmation the standard model of particle physics to the phase of search for effects of a new physics beyond standard model. In this paper we review current state of the physics of b-hadrons with emphasis on results with a sensitivity to new physics.

  16. DOCTORAL PROGRAMME MATHEMATICS AND PHYSICS, Subprogramme PHYSICS,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ?umer, Slobodan

    area. The nuclear Engineering module treats nuclear technology, operation, nuclear safety, reactorDOCTORAL PROGRAMME MATHEMATICS AND PHYSICS, Subprogramme PHYSICS, Module NUCLEAR ENGINEERING Slovenia is producing a significant share of its electricity in nuclear power plant. The doctoral programme

  17. Solar neutrinos and neutrino physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michele Maltoni; Alexei Yu. Smirnov

    2015-08-11

    Solar neutrino studies triggered and largely motivated the major developments in neutrino physics in the last 50 years. Theory of neutrino propagation in different media with matter and fields has been elaborated. It includes oscillations in vacuum and matter, resonance flavor conversion and resonance oscillations, spin and spin-flavor precession, etc. LMA MSW has been established as the true solution of the solar neutrino problem. Parameters theta12 and Delta_m21^2 have been measured; theta13 extracted from the solar data is in agreement with results from reactor experiments. Solar neutrino studies provide a sensitive way to test theory of neutrino oscillations and conversion. Characterized by long baseline, huge fluxes and low energies they are a powerful set-up to search for new physics beyond the standard 3nu paradigm: new neutrino states, sterile neutrinos, non-standard neutrino interactions, effects of violation of fundamental symmetries, new dynamics of neutrino propagation, probes of space and time. These searches allow us to get stringent, and in some cases unique bounds on new physics. We summarize the results on physics of propagation, neutrino properties and physics beyond the standard model obtained from studies of solar neutrinos.

  18. Nuclear Physics and the New Standard Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramsey-Musolf, Michael J. [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706 (United States) and Kellogg Radiation Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)

    2010-08-04

    Nuclear physics studies of fundamental symmetries and neutrino properties have played a vital role in the development and confirmation of the Standard Model of fundamental interactions. With the advent of the CERN Large Hadron Collider, experiments at the high energy frontier promise exciting discoveries about the larger framework in which the Standard Model lies. In this talk, I discuss the complementary opportunities for probing the 'new Standard Model' with nuclear physics experiments at the low-energy high precision frontier.

  19. Romanovski polynomials in selected physics problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. P. Raposo; H. J. Weber; D. Alvarez-Castillo; M. Kirchbach

    2007-06-26

    We briefly review the five possible real polynomial solutions of hypergeometric differential equations. Three of them are the well known classical orthogonal polynomials, but the other two are different with respect to their orthogonality properties. We then focus on the family of polynomials which exhibits a finite orthogonality. This family, to be referred to as the Romanovski polynomials, is required in exact solutions of several physics problems ranging from quantum mechanics and quark physics to random matrix theory. It appears timely to draw attention to it by the present study. Our survey also includes several new observations on the orthogonality properties of the Romanovski polynomials and new developments from their Rodrigues formula.

  20. A classification of channel-reach morphology in mountain drainage basins synthesizes stream morphologies into seven distinct reach types

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montgomery, David R.

    ABSTRACT A classification of channel-reach morphology in mountain drainage basins synthesizes channel condition and response potential in mountain drainage basins. Field investigations demonstrate mountain channels and their lowland counterparts (e.g., Surell, 1841; Dana, 1850; Shaler, 1891

  1. Physics 100B General Physics II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kioussis, Nicholas

    and Magnetic fields, Currents and circuits, Electromagnetic fields, Optics, Special Theory of Relativity an understanding and appreciation of the fundamental laws of electricity, magnetism and modern physics. At the end, Quantum Theory, Atomic physics, Nuclear Physics, and Elementary particles. (Chapters 19-31) Requirement

  2. Environment of deposition of the Yowlumne sandstone: internal morphology and rock properties, Kern County, California 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royo, Gilberto Rafael

    1986-01-01

    +22X , 33X Ip )p. I AE IS'CIp- ~ 25X ~ 47 @7 * 12 + TIIN, R22W 4 DRY HOLE W INJECTION SHUT IN 2 + ABD. WELL I + DRY HOLE WITH OIL SHOW II PLIOCENE WELL ~ 68 888 ~ 61X 453X 81 73 15 0 3000 ft 88 X ~ 61 X ~ 22x 0 I 5 COVE RY ~81- H... nature of the reservoir, Nostly massive "A" turbidite units (lighter color), separated by thin "E" shales (darker color). Notice oil staining in the massive sandstone. 011 staining is more noticeable in the upper Yowlumne 11, 453 ft (3, 493 m) to 11...

  3. Organic matter added to bareroot nursery beds influences soil properties and morphology of Fraxinus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Natural Resources, 715 West State Street, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA; *Author for correspondence (e rose with addition of 67 t haŔ1 of peat, sludge and bark and 43 t haŔ1 of sawdust (1.2 cm amended

  4. Morphology and mechanical properties of electrospun polymeric fibers and their nonwoven fabrics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pai, Chia-Ling

    2011-01-01

    Electrospinning is a straight forward method to produce fibers with diameter on the order of a few tens of nanometers to the size approaching commercial fibers (on the order of 10 prm or larger). Recently, the length scale ...

  5. Variation in Morphology, Hygroscopicity, and Optical Properties of Soot Particles Coated by Dicarboxylic Acids 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xue, Huaxin

    2010-07-14

    occurred. Coating of soot with glutaric acid, on the other hand, leads to a strong size shrinking with a diameter growth factor ~0.60, even after the acid has been removed by heating suggesting the strong restructuring of the soot agglomerate...

  6. Optical and morphological properties of graphene sheets decorated with ZnO nanowires via polyol enhancement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sharma, Vinay, E-mail: winn201@gmail.com; Rajaura, Rajveer Singh, E-mail: winn201@gmail.com [Centre for Converging Technologies, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur - 302004 (India); Sharma, Preetam K.; Srivastava, Subodh; Vijay, Y. K. [Department of Physics, Thin Film and Membrane Science Lab., University of Rajasthan, Jaipur - 302004 (India); Sharma, S. S. [Department of Physics, Govt. Women Engineering College, Ajmer- 305002 (India)

    2014-04-24

    Graphene-ZnO nanocomposites have proven to be very useful materials for photovoltaic and sensor applications. Here, we report a facile, one-step in situ polymerization method for synthesis of graphene sheets randomly decorated with zinc oxide nanowires using ethylene glycol as solvent. We have used hydrothermal treatment for growth of ZnO nanowires. UV-visible spectra peak shifting around 288nm and 307 nm shows the presence of ZnO on graphene structure. Photoluminiscence spectra (PL) in 400nm-500nm region exhibits the luminescence quenching effect. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) image confirms the growth of ZnO nanowires on graphene sheets.

  7. Comparative Analysis of the Morphology and Materials Properties of Pinniped Vibrissae 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginter, Carly C.

    2012-02-14

    in identifying benthic prey (Ognev 1935). Monk (Monachus spp.) seals, which also do not show the beaded profile, are opportunistic foraging generalists, with the Hawaiian subspecies (M. schauinslandi) hunting primarily benthic prey on coral reefs... species of phocid seals, except bearded and monk (Monachus sp.) seals, have a sinusoidal beaded profile to their mystacial vibrissal hair shafts (Dehnhardt and Kaminski 1995; Hyv?rinen and Katajisto 1984; King 1983; Marshall et al. 2006; Ognev 1935...

  8. Vapor Trapping Growth of Single-Crystalline Graphene Flowers: Synthesis, Morphology, and Electronic Properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Chongwu

    lobes has been achieved by varying the growth pressure and the methane to hydrogen ratio. Surprisingly-grain single-crystalline graphene synthesis for potential high- performance graphene-based electronics the disadvantage of small-scale production of graphene using mechanical exfoliation of highly orientated polymeric

  9. Composition-Morphology-Property Relations For Giant Magnetoresistance Multilayers Grown By RF Diode Sputtering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wadley, Haydn

    University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22903 D. Brownell Nonvolatile Electronics, Inc. Eden Prairie, MN, Inc. (Eden Prairie, MN) using a Randex Model 2400-6J RF diode system. Briefly, the diameter

  10. Influence of morphological transformation on luminescence properties of europium-doped gadolinium oxide nanostructures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Kai; Dondapati, Hareesh

    2010-01-01

    by subsequent heat treatments. Transmission electronby subsequent annealing heat treatment processes. In this2 h strongly depends on the heat treatment temperature. The

  11. INTERRELATIONS OF COMPOSITIONS, TRANSFORMATION KINETICS, MORPHOLOGY, AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF ALLOY STEELS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, E.R.

    2010-01-01

    in alloy content or with heat treatments that differed fromand tempering. Heat treatments producing transformations inand conventional heat treatments. from published research

  12. Key Physical Mechanisms in Nanostructured Solar Cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dr Stephan Bremner

    2010-07-21

    The objective of the project was to study both theoretically and experimentally the excitation, recombination and transport properties required for nanostructured solar cells to deliver energy conversion efficiencies well in excess of conventional limits. These objectives were met by concentrating on three key areas, namely, investigation of physical mechanisms present in nanostructured solar cells, characterization of loss mechanisms in nanostructured solar cells and determining the properties required of nanostructured solar cells in order to achieve high efficiency and the design implications.

  13. The effect of synthesis procedure on the structure and properties of palladium/ polycarbonate nanocomposites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ostroverkhova, Oksana

    The effect of synthesis procedure on the structure and properties of palladium/ polycarbonate of palladium (Pd)/polycarbonate (PC) nanocomposites as well as their morphological, optical, thermal and electrical properties. Pd nano- clusters were produced by the reduction of palladium chloride using

  14. INFERRING PROPERTY SELECTION PRESSURE FROM POSITIONAL RESIDUE CONSERVATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenfeld, Roni

    heuristics to determine the color of each position, such as grouping amino acids by one or a few properties acid frequencies and a large number of physical-chemical properties. By analyzing each property are used to systematically evaluate the distribution of amino acids in each column in a MSA, assigning

  15. Physical Education ! Teaching Materials!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burg, Theresa

    Physical Education ! Teaching Materials! !!! ! 1. PROGRAMS OF STUDY ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !P.E. Program Physical Activity (DPA) Initiative: Mandatory program introduced in 2005. Schools are required to create opportunities for students to engage in Physical activity. Administrators and all teachers are responsible

  16. ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS METHODS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horváth, Ákos

    ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS METHODS LABORATORY PRACTICES #12;Foundations of Environmental Science Lecture Enviromental Physics Methods Laboratory Practices #12;Eötvös Loránd University Faculty of Science ENVIRONMENTAL tankönyvsorozat" (KMR Foundations of Environmental Science Lecture Series). KEYWORDS: Environmental physics

  17. Intellectual Property

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation CurrentHenryInhibiting IndividualIntegrating Information,Intellectual Property

  18. On physical vacuum as an unobservable system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. K. Rozgacheva; A. A. Agapov

    2015-04-01

    Modern astronomical observations in cosmology provide increasingly strong evidence that the expansion of the Universe is accelerating. Explanations of the cosmic acceleration within the framework of general relativity use the hypothesis about a dark energy field (physical vacuum) with unrealistic fine-tuned unnatural properties to the properties of the observable matter. The main difficulty of the speculative models is that the gravitational properties of the vacuum are unknown. In this work the geometric properties of the physical vacuum which are the consequence of its general property to be unobservable (vacuum does not affect the motions of any real bodies) are considered. It is shown that the effective homogeneous and isotropic space-time of the physical vacuum has four closed dimensions. The vacuum fluctuations create interactions of the real particles. It is shown if we assume the cause principle and there are not any arbitrary real particles births then the lengths of waves of vacuum fluctuations make the fractal manifold. In this case all real systems have the fractal properties.

  19. Nuclear Physics: Recent Talks

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Free Electron Laser (FEL) Medical Imaging Physics Topics Campaigns Meetings Recent Talks Archived Talks Additional Information Computing at JLab Operations Logbook Physics Topics:...

  20. Nuclear Physics: Campaigns

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Free-Electron Laser (FEL) Medical Imaging Physics Topics Campaigns The Structure of the Nuclear Building Blocks The Structure of Nuclei Symmetry Tests in Nuclear Physics Meetings...

  1. B Physics: Theory Overview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David London

    2012-07-23

    This is an overview of B physics that can be done at the LHC with the purpose of searching for new physics.

  2. Office of Physical Protection

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Office of Physical Protection is comprised of a team of security specialists engaged in providing Headquarters-wide physical protection.

  3. Nuclear Physics: Experiment Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Research Highlights Public Interest Nuclear Physics Accelerator Free Electron Laser (FEL) Medical Imaging Physics Topics Campaigns Meetings Recent Talks Archived Talks...

  4. Evaluation of Physics Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franssen, Michael

    ..........................................................................................23 Cluster: Physics of Transport in Fluids...................................................................................31 TU/e-9 Physics of Cold Atoms.....................................................................................................................................................................35 TU/e-10 Transport in Permeable Media

  5. Physics Advisory Committee Meeting

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2010 Physics Advisory Committee Meeting November 4-6, 2010 Comments and Recommendations Introduction The Fermilab Physics Advisory Committee (PAC) met to consider a number of...

  6. LANSCE Weapons Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    7 LANSCE Weapons Physics Fortune 500 companies and weapons designers alike rely on our internationally recognized nuclear physics and materials science expertise as well as our...

  7. ORISE: Health physics services

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Health physics services Nuclear power plant The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) offers comprehensive health physics services in a number of technical areas...

  8. ORISE: Health Physics Training

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Health Physics Training Student performs an analysis during an ORAU health physics training course Training and educating a highly skilled workforce that can meet operational...

  9. High Energy Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Scientific Computing Research Basic Energy Sciences Biological and Environmental Research Fusion Energy Sciences High Energy Physics Nuclear Physics Advanced Scientific Computing...

  10. Current experiments in elementary particle physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wohl, C.G.; Armstrong, F.E., Oyanagi, Y.; Dodder, D.C.; Ryabov, Yu.G.; Frosch, R.; Olin, A.; Lehar, F.; Moskalev, A.N.; Barkov, B.P.

    1987-03-01

    This report contains summaries of 720 recent and current experiments in elementary particle physics (experiments that finished taking data before 1980 are excluded). Included are experiments at Brookhaven, CERN, CESR, DESY, Fermilab, Moscow Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Tokyo Institute of Nuclear Studies, KEK, LAMPF, Leningrad Nuclear Physics Institute, Saclay, Serpukhov, SIN, SLAC, and TRIUMF, and also experiments on proton decay. Instructions are given for searching online the computer database (maintained under the SLAC/SPIRES system) that contains the summaries. Properties of the fixed-target beams at most of the laboratories are summarized.

  11. Real-time rendering of physically-based cloud simulations for university undergraduate research fellows 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walkington, Kevin Michael

    2013-02-22

    Computers today employ simulations of physical phenomena such as wind and fire and other physical properties in many common applications, including programs meant for training and entertainment. We focus particularly on ...

  12. Experimental Particle Physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rosenfeld, Carl; Mishra, Sanjib R.; Petti, Roberto; Purohit, Milind V.

    2014-08-31

    The high energy physics group at the University of South Carolina, under the leadership of Profs. S.R. Mishra, R. Petti, M.V. Purohit, J.R. Wilson (co-PI's), and C. Rosenfeld (PI), engaged in studies in "Experimental Particle Physics." The group collaborated with similar groups at other universities and at national laboratories to conduct experimental studies of elementary particle properties. We utilized the particle accelerators at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab) in Illinois, the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) in California, and the European Center for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Switzerland. Mishra, Rosenfeld, and Petti worked predominantly on neutrino experiments. Experiments conducted in the last fifteen years that used cosmic rays and the core of the sun as a source of neutrinos showed conclusively that, contrary to the former conventional wisdom, the "flavor" of a neutrino is not immutable. A neutrino of flavor "e," "mu," or "tau," as determined from its provenance, may swap its identity with one of the other flavors -- in our jargon, they "oscillate." The oscillation phenomenon is extraordinarily difficult to study because neutrino interactions with our instruments are exceedingly rare -- they travel through the earth mostly unimpeded -- and because they must travel great distances before a substantial proportion have made the identity swap. Three of the experiments that we worked on, MINOS, NOvA, and LBNE utilize a beam of neutrinos from an accelerator at Fermilab to determine the parameters governing the oscillation. Two other experiments that we worked on, NOMAD and MIPP, provide measurements supportive of the oscillation experiments. Good measurements of the neutrino oscillation parameters may constitute a "low energy window" on related phenomena that are otherwise unobservable because they would occur only at energies way above the reach of conceivable accelerators. Purohit and Wilson participated in the BaBar experiment, which collected data at SLAC until 2008. They continued to analyze the voluminous BaBar data with an emphasis on precision tests of Quantum Chromodynamics and on properties of the "eta_B," a bottom quark paired in a meson with a strange quark. The ATLAS experiment became the principal research focus for Purohit. One of the world's largest pieces of scientific equipment, ATLAS observes particle collisions at the highest-energy particle accelerator ever built, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN. Our efforts on ATLAS included participation in the commissioning, calibration, and installation of components called "CSCs". The unprecedented energy of 14 TeV enabled the ATLAS and CMS collaborations to declare discovery of the famous Higgs particle in 2012.

  13. Neutrino Sources and Properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Francesco Vissani

    2015-05-19

    In this lecture, prepared for PhD students, basic considerations on neutrino interactions, properties and sites of production are overviewed. The detailed content is as follows: Sect. 1, Weak interactions and neutrinos: Fermi coupling; definition of neutrinos; global numbers. Sect. 2, A list of neutrino sources: Explanatory note and examples (solar pp- and supernova-neutrinos). Sect. 3, Neutrinos oscillations: Basic formalism (Pontecorvo); matter effect (Mikheev, Smirnov, Wolfenstein); status of neutrino masses and mixings. Sect. 4, Modifying the standard model to include neutrinos masses: The fermions of the standard model; one additional operator in the standard model (Weinberg); implications. One summary table and several exercises offer the students occasions to check, consolidate and extend their understanding; the brief reference list includes historical and review papers and some entry points to active research in neutrino physics.

  14. Flat space physics from holography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bousso, Raphael

    2009-01-01

    thermodynamics in black hole physics. Phys. Rev. D 9, 3292 (LBNL-53861 Flat space physics from holography RaphaelBousso Center for Theoretical Physics, Department of Physics

  15. PHYSICAL CHANGES IN THE PORE STRUCTURE OF COAL WITH CHEMICAL PROCESSING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris Jr, E.C.

    2011-01-01

    of Raw Ro 1and Seam Coal . A. B. C. D. Introduction . . . .iv IV. Physical Properties of Extracted Coals A. B.Extracted Coal Samples . . . . . . . . . . . • . .

  16. New Physics in a Copper-Iridium Compound | Advanced Photon Source

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    surprising physical properties unattainable with these systems alone, and may eventually lead to new materials for applications such as electronic memory devices and quantum...

  17. Aspects of Unparticle Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arvind Rajaraman

    2008-10-15

    We review some theoretical and experimental issues in unparticle physics, focusing mainly on collider signatures.

  18. particle physics 2009Highlights

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Report particle physics 2009Ş #12;2 | Contents #12;Contents | 3 contentsŞ ş introduction 4 ş News;Introduction | 5 projects, (ii) coordination of national particle physics activities and (iii) reaching outparticle physics 2009ŞHighlights and Annual Report Accelerators | Photon Science | Particle Physics

  19. Review of Particle Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nakamura, Kenzo

    2010-01-01

    careersvc/ • APS Careers in Physics: The American PhysicalAPS/DPF/DPB Summer Study on the Future of Particle Physics (APS Acta Physica Slovaca ARNPS Annual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science ARNS Annual Review of Nuclear Science ASP Astroparticle Physics

  20. High-pressure stability relations, crystal structures, and physical...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    High-pressure stability relations, crystal structures, and physical properties of perovskite and post-perovskite of NaNiFsub 3 Citation Details In-Document Search Title:...

  1. Rock Physics Based Determination of Reservoir Microstructure for Reservoir Characterization 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adesokan, Hamid 1976-

    2013-01-09

    of pore shape distribution is needed to explain the often-encountered complex interrelationship between seismic parameters (e.g. seismic velocity) and the independent physical properties (e.g. porosity) of hydrocarbon reservoirs. However, our knowledge...

  2. Top physics results from CDF

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gomez, Gervasio; /Cantabria Inst. of Phys.

    2005-05-01

    The top quark is by far the most massive fundamental particle observed so far, and the study of its properties is interesting for several reasons ranging from its possible special role in electroweak symmetry breaking to its sensitivity to physics beyond the Standard Model. They present recent top physics results from CDF based on 160-320 pb{sup -1} of p{bar p} collision data at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV. The t{bar t} cross section and the top mass have been measured in different decay channels and using different methods. they have searched for evidence of single top production, setting upper limits on its production rate. Other results shown in this conference include studies of the polarization of W bosons from top decays, a search for charged Higgs decaying from top, and a search for additional heavy t' quarks.

  3. Rational synthesis of heterostructured nanoparticles with morphology control.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, C.; Tian, W.; Ding, Y.; Ma, Y.-Q.; Wang, Z. L.; Markovic, N.; Stamenkovic, V.; Daimon, H.; Sun, S.; Materials Science Division; Brown Univ.; Nanjing Univ.; Georgia Inst. of Tech.; Hitachi Maxell, Ltd.

    2010-01-01

    Rational synthesis of Pt-Au{sub n} nanoparticles (NPs) has been achieved by overgrowing Au on Pt with n, the number of Pt-Au heterojunctions in each particle, controlled from 1 to 4, and the corresponding NPs in pear-, peanut-, or clover-like morphology. Monte Carlo simulation reveals that the morphology control can be correlated to a thermodynamic equilibrium of the Au coherence energy, the overall particle surface energy, and the heterogeneous Pt-Au interfacial energy in the composite system, which is manipulated by the seeding particle size and solvent polarity. The developed synthetic strategy together with the provided fundamental understanding of heterogeneous nucleation and heterostructure growth could have great potential toward the rational synthesis of composite nanomaterials with morphology control for advanced catalytic and other functional applications.

  4. Architecture Office of Physical and Capital Planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pittendrigh, Barry

    Architecture on Campus Office of Physical and Capital Planning February 2012 #12;2 HISTORY Architecture on the Purdue West Lafayette Campus has evolved and changed in many ways since the campus for campus buildings, establishing the consistency we see today. The architecture on the northern properties

  5. Health Physics Technician | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Technician Department: ESH&S Staff: TSS04 Requisition Number: 1500441 Perform health physics support in the area of radiological assessment and implementation of radiation safety...

  6. Physics with the ALICE experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kharlov, Yu. V. [Institute for High Energy Physics (Russian Federation)

    2013-12-15

    ALICE experiment at LHC collects data in pp collisions at 1497-1 = 0.9, 2.76, and 7 TeV and in PbPb collisions at 2.76 TeV. Highlights of the detector performance and an overview of experimental results measured with ALICE in pp and AA collisions are presented in this paper. Physics with protonproton collisions is focused on hadron spectroscopy at low and moderate p{sub t}. Measurements with lead-lead collisions are shown in comparison with those in pp collisions, and the properties of hot quark matter are discussed.

  7. Physics with the ALICE experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuri Kharlov; for the ALICE collaboration

    2012-03-09

    ALICE experiment at LHC collects data in pp collisions at $\\sqrt{s}$=0.9, 2.76 and 7 TeV and in PbPb collisions at 2.76 TeV. Highlights of the detector performance and an overview of experimental results measured with ALICE in pp and AA collisions are presented in this paper. Physics with proton-proton collisions is focused on hadron spectroscopy at low and moderate $p_T$. Measurements with lead-lead collisions are shown in comparison with those in pp collisions, and the properties of hot quark matter are discussed.

  8. Neutrino Physics with Thermal Detectors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nucciotti, A. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Milano Bicocca and INFN Sezione di Milano-Bicocca Piazza della Scienza, 3, 20126 Milano (Italy)

    2009-11-09

    The investigation of fundamental neutrino properties like its mass and its nature calls for the design of a new generation of experiments. High sensitivity, high energy resolution, and versatility together with the possibility of a simple multiplexing scheme are the key features of future detectors for these experiments. Thermal detectors can combine all these features. This paper reviews the status and the perspectives for what concerns the application of this type of detectors to neutrino physics, focusing on direct neutrino mass measurements and neutrinoless double beta decay searches.

  9. Characterizing cluster morphology using vector-valued Minkowski functionals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Claus Beisbart; Thomas Buchert

    1997-11-04

    The morphology of galaxy clusters is quantified using Minkowski functionals, especially the vector-valued ones, which contain directional information and are related to curvature centroids. The asymmetry of clusters and the amount of their substructure can be characterized in a unique way using these measures. -- We briefly introduce vector-valued Minkowski functionals (also known as Querma\\ss vectors) and suggest their application to cluster data in terms of a morphological characterization of excursion sets. Furthermore, we develop robust structure functions which describe the dynamical state of a cluster and study the evolution of clusters using numerical simulations.

  10. The morphological development of a wood burl shader 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moyer, Robert Simms

    2004-09-30

    THE MORPHOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT OF A WOOD BURL SHADER A Thesis by ROBERT SIMMS MOYER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 2003 Major Subject...: Visualization Sciences THE MORPHOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT OF A WOOD BURL SHADER A Thesis by ROBERT SIMMS MOYER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved...

  11. Graduate Studies in Physics Ph.D. in Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graduate Studies in Physics Ph.D. in Physics M.Sc. in Physics (with thesis) M.Sc. in Physics (with major paper) M.Sc. in Physics (coursework only) www.uwindsor.ca/physics Research Facilities The Physics students an opportunity to be trained in developing new laboratory apparatus. Library resources for physics

  12. Handbook of gas hydrate properties and occurrence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuustraa, V.A.; Hammershaimb, E.C.

    1983-12-01

    This handbook provides data on the resource potential of naturally occurring hydrates, the properties that are needed to evaluate their recovery, and their production potential. The first two chapters give data on the naturally occurring hydrate potential by reviewing published resource estimates and the known and inferred occurrences. The third and fourth chapters review the physical and thermodynamic properties of hydrates, respectively. The thermodynamic properties of hydrates that are discussed include dissociation energies and a simplified method to calculate them; phase diagrams for simple and multi-component gases; the thermal conductivity; and the kinetics of hydrate dissociation. The final chapter evaluates the net energy balance of recovering hydrates and shows that a substantial positive energy balance can theoretically be achieved. The Appendices of the Handbook summarize physical and thermodynamic properties of gases, liquids and solids that can be used in designing and evaluating recovery processes of hydrates. 158 references, 67 figures, 47 tables.

  13. DOCTORAL PROGRAMME MATHEMATICS AND PHYSICS, Subprogramme PHYSICS,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ?umer, Slobodan

    Safety Administration, Agency for Radioactive Waste Management and other organisations in the nuclear knowledge in energy conversion in nuclear power systems, design and operation of fission reactors, methods acquires a deeper knowledge of reactor physics and related nuclear physics basics. The student is trained

  14. Procedia PHYSICS 00 (2010) 14 Procedia Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adler, Joan

    2010-01-01

    Procedia PHYSICS 00 (2010) 1­4 Procedia Physics Visualization of nanodiamond formation in molten the characteristics and visualization of simulations of nanodiamond clusters grown from molten carbon. The general trends of nanodiamond size and quality as functions of growth conditions resemble those found

  15. PHYSICS 7397: NanoPhysics Spring 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peng, Haibing

    to Semiconductor Physics: Band structure, PN junction, Schottky barrier, and MOS structure. 2. Electron Transport) Physics of semiconductor devices / S.M. Sze and Kwok K. Ng. 3rd ed. Place/Publisher Hoboken, NJ : Wiley's responsibility to read and understand the Academic Honesty Policy found in the Student Handbook, which can

  16. Fundamental Physics with Cold Neutrons J. S. Nico,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fundamental Physics with Cold Neutrons J. S. Nico,1 G. L. Greene,2 F. E. Wietfeldt,3 and W. S physics and quantum chromodynamics (QCD). Low energy properties of nucleons and nuclei, such as weak interactions in n-A systems, low energy n-A scattering amplitudes, and the internal electro- magnetic structure

  17. A possible definition of a {\\it Realistic} Physics Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicolas Gisin

    2014-01-02

    A definition of a {\\it Realistic} Physics Theory is proposed based on the idea that, at all time, the set of physical properties possessed (at that time) by a system should unequivocally determine the probabilities of outcomes of all possible measurements.

  18. Morphology of PolyethyleneCarbon Black Composites G. BEAUCAGE,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beaucage, Gregory

    -ray scattering (SAXS) study of a conductive grade of carbon black and carbon black­polymer composites and a power-law scaling of polydispersity. One use of conductive black­polyethylene composites is in circuit(methyl methacrylate); carbon black; filler; composite; conductivity; percolation INTRODUCTION The morphology

  19. SEX DETERMINATION IN GLOSSY IBIS CHICKS BASED ON MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Figuerola, Jordi

    to include in future analyses of sexual dimorphism in spoonbills and ibises. Key words: discriminant function, genetic analyses, glossy ibis, leg morphology, sex determination, sexual size dimorphism, Plegadis Spoonbills and ibis show strong sexual size dimorphism (Threskionidae family).The glossy ibis Plegadis

  20. On the surface morphology of thin alkali halide photocathode "lms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    On the surface morphology of thin alkali halide photocathode "lms T. Boutboul *, A. Breskin , R-91128 Palaiseau Cedex, France Abstract Thin alkali halide "lms are currently used as transmissive UVI and CsBr "lms was investigated by means of a scanning electron microscope, to which the samples were

  1. Climate-Driven Range Expansion and Morphological Evolution in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hellberg, Michael E.

    expectations that morphological evolution should occur largely within Pleistocene refugia, our data show). A 660­base pair fragment of the mitochon- drial gene encoding cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI and neighbor- joining bootstrap support 95%) clades: one to the north of Point Fermin (in southern Los Angeles

  2. MORPHOLOGY DEPENDENT SHORT CIRCUIT CURRENT IN BULK HETEROJUNCTION SOLAR CELL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alam, Muhammad A.

    MORPHOLOGY DEPENDENT SHORT CIRCUIT CURRENT IN BULK HETEROJUNCTION SOLAR CELL Biswajit Ray, Pradeep, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA ABSTRACT Polymer based bulk heterostructure (BH) solar cell offers a relatively inexpensive option for the future solar cell technology, provided its efficiency increases beyond

  3. Experimental Verification of Morphological Instability in Freezing Aqueous Colloidal Suspensions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wettlaufer, John S.

    Experimental Verification of Morphological Instability in Freezing Aqueous Colloidal Suspensions S; published 9 June 2008) We describe an experimental test of a new theory of the unidirectional freezing of aqueous colloidal suspensions. At low freezing speeds a planar ice lens completely rejects the particles

  4. Multiresolution Maximum Intensity Volume Rendering by Morphological Pyramids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roerdink, Jos B.T.M.

    to wavelet splatting, the main differences being that (i) linear summation of voxel values is replaced by maximum computation, and (ii) linear wavelet filters are replaced by (nonlinear) morphological filters. 1 on wavelets [4, 12, 18]. Recent methods for X-ray rendering include wavelet splatting [7, 8], which extends

  5. Multiresolution Maximum Intensity Volume Rendering by Morphological Adjunction Pyramids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roerdink, Jos B.T.M.

    to wavelet splatting, the main differences being that (i) linear summation of voxel values is replaced by maximum computation, and (ii) linear wavelet filters are replaced by (nonlinear) morphological filters wavelet splatting [11,12], which extends splatting [27] by using wavelets as reconstruction filters

  6. Dynamic Lung Morphology of Methacholine-Induced Heterogeneous Bronchoconstriction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dynamic Lung Morphology of Methacholine-Induced Heterogeneous Bronchoconstriction Ben T. Chen and G). The method provides direct visualization of the venti- lated regions within the lung. Heterogeneous bronchoconstric- tion following the i.v. MCh injection was evident using this technique. These 3 He dynamic lung

  7. Unraveling the Role of Morphology on Organic Solar Cell Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biswajit Ray; Pradeep R. Nair; Muhammad A. Alam

    2010-11-03

    Polymer based organic photovoltaic (OPV) technology offers a relatively inexpensive option for solar energy conversion provided its efficiency increases beyond the current level (6-7%) along with significant improvements in operational lifetime. The critical aspect of such solar cells is the complex morphology of distributed bulk heterojunctions, which plays the central role in the conversion of photo-generated excitons to electron-hole pairs. However, the fabrication conditions that can produce the optimal morphology are still unknown due to the lack of quantitative understanding of the effects of process variables on the cell morphology. In this article, we develop a unique process-device co-simulation framework based on phase-field model for phase separation coupled with self-consistent drift-diffusion transport to quantitatively explore the effects of the process conditions (e.g., annealing temperature, mixing ratio, anneal duration) on the organic solar cell performance. Our results explain experimentally observed trends of open circuit voltage and short circuit current that would otherwise be deemed anomalous from the perspective of conventional solar cells. In addition to providing an optimization framework for OPV technology, our morphology-aware modeling approach is ideally suited for a wide class of problems involving porous materials, block co-polymers, polymer colloids, OLED devices etc.

  8. PHYSICS 122 LABORATORY (Winter, 2015)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, S. J. Ben

    - 1 - PHYSICS 122 LABORATORY (Winter, 2015) COURSE GOALS 1. Learn how Tyson 514 Physics tyson@physics.ucdavis.edu 752-3830 Xiangdong Zhu 235 Physics zhu@physics.ucdavis.edu 752-4689 TEACHING ASSISTANTS: Andrew Bradshaw 518

  9. Physics 116A Winter 2011 The Alternating Series Test

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Physics 116A Winter 2011 The Alternating Series Test An alternating series is defined to be a series of the form: S = # # n=0 (-1) n a n , (1) where all the a n > 0. The alternating series test but property 1 and/or property 2 do not hold, then the alternating series test is inconclusive. Note

  10. Physics 116A Winter 2011 The Alternating Series Test

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Physics 116A Winter 2011 The Alternating Series Test An alternating series is defined to be a series of the form: S = n=0 (-1)n an , (1) where all the an > 0. The alternating series test is a set and/or property 2 do not hold, then the alternating series test is inconclusive. Note that property 1

  11. Pure Appl. Opt. 5 (1996) 505512. Printed in the UK Nonlinear optical properties of nanocomposite materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sipe,J. E.

    1996-01-01

    of the physical processes that determine the linear and nonlinear optical properties of nanocomposite materials properties. An alternative approach, which will be explored in this paper, entails combining known materials properties of the starting materials, or ideally, might possess properties superior to those of the starting

  12. Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Plasma Physics Laboratory P.O. Box 451 Princeton, NJ 08543-0451 GPS: 100 Stellarator Road Princeton, NJ 08540 www.pppl.gov 2015 Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory. A...

  13. Probing new physics with flavor physics (and probing flavor physics with new physics)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yosef Nir

    2007-08-14

    This is a written version of a series of lectures aimed at graduate students and postdoctoral fellows in particle theory/string theory/particle experiment familiar with the basics of the Standard Model. We begin with an overview of flavor physics and its implications for new physics. We emphasize the "new physics flavor puzzle". Then, we give four specific examples of flavor measurements and the lessons that have been (or can be) drawn from them: (i) Charm physics: lessons for supersymmetry from the upper bound on $\\Delta m_D$. (ii) Bottom physics: model independent lessons on the KM mechanism and on new physics in neutral B mixing from $S_{\\psi K_S}$. (iii) Top physics and beyond: testing minimal flavor violation at the LHC. (iv) Neutrino physics: interpreting the data on neutrino masses and mixing within flavor models.

  14. Review of Higgs physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ocariz, Jose; The ATLAS collaboration

    2015-01-01

    The eperimental status on Higgs boson physics is reviewed. Results from both ATLAS and CMS, using data collected in LHC run 1, are presented. Prospects for Higgs physics with Run 2 and beyond are discussed.

  15. Future Physics | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Future Physics March 5, 2009 In late January, we held a meeting of our Physics Advisory Committee, PAC34 to be precise. We had two primary goals for the PAC, one related to the...

  16. Polymer Physics Research Profile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giger, Christine

    Polymer Physics Research Profile Our main interests are the theory of simplification and some behavior on different autonomous levels of description. Our favorite applications range from polymer + Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics + Coarse Graining + Soft Matter + Polymer Physics + Rheology + Competences

  17. Measurements of electrical and mechanical properties of aluminum composite cryoconductors 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sundby, Paul C.

    1994-01-01

    . This broad range in annealing times is caused by physical differences in wire types and sample variability. Sample variability is defined as the electrical or mechanical property differences between adjacent samples of the same wire type. Values of RRR...

  18. Processing and thermal properties of molecularly oriented polymers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skow, Erik (Erik Dean)

    2007-01-01

    High molecular weight polymers that are linear in molecular construction can be oriented such that some of their physical properties in the oriented direction are enhanced. For over 50 years polymer orientation and processing ...

  19. Mechanical Properties of Glassy Polyethylene Nanofibers via Molecular Dynamics Simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buell, Sezen

    The extent to which the intrinsic mechanical properties of polymer fibers depend on physical size has been a matter of dispute that is relevant to most nanofiber applications. Here, we report the elastic and plastic ...

  20. Measuring compositional and growth properties of single cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delgado, Francisco Feijó

    2013-01-01

    The physical properties of a cell are manifestations of its most basic molecular and metabolic processes. In particular, size has been a sought metric, which can be difficult to ascertain with great resolution or for smaller ...