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Sample records for morcrette jean-jacques european

  1. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: Impact of...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Impact of RRTMSW in the ECMWF Forecast System Morcrette, Jean-Jacques European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts J-J Morcrette (1) , M.J. Iacono (2), E.J. Mlawer (2), and...

  2. A Processor to get UV-A and UV-B Radiation Products from the...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to get UV-A and UV-B Radiation Products from the ECMWF Forecast System Morcrette, Jean-Jacques European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts Category: Radiation A new...

  3. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: Preliminary...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    forecast model including a McICA approach to cloud-radiation interactions Morcrette, Jean-Jacques European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts The Monte-Carlo...

  4. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: Assessing...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Morcrette, Jean-Jacques European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts Viterbo, Pedro ECMWF In this study, we compare short-term weather forecasts of the ECMWF model...

  5. The Monte Carlo Independent Column Approximation Model Intercomparison

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Project (McMIP) The Monte Carlo Independent Column Approximation Model Intercomparison Project (McMIP) Barker, Howard Meteorological Service of Canada Cole, Jason Meteorological Service of Canada Raisanen, Petri Finnish Meteorological Institute Pincus, Robert NOAA-CIRES Climate Diagnostics Center Morcrette, Jean-Jacques European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts Li, Jiangnan Canadian Center for Climate Modelling Stephens, Graeme Colorado State University Vaillancourt, Paul

  6. UCRL-MI-224010 ARM-06-012 ARM's Support for GCM Improvement:...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    DOE should invest in the "super-parameterization" modeling approach. Tom Ackerman, Bill Collins, Steve Ghan, Jean-Jacques Morcrette, and Hualu Pan are thanked for their input. 7...

  7. Morcrette-JJ

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Assessment of the ECMWF Model Cloudiness and Surface Radiation Fields at the ARM SGP Site ... United Kingdom Abstract The cloud and radiation fields produced by the operational ...

  8. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Forecast System Morcrette, J.-J., European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, United Kingdom Thirteenth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting The...

  9. European Climate Foundation (ECF) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    European Climate Foundation (ECF) (Redirected from European Climate Foundation) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: European Climate Foundation (ECF) Name: European Climate...

  10. European Commission | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    European Commission Name: European Commission Place: Brussels, Belgium Website: ec.europa.euindexen.htm Coordinates: 50.8503396, 4.3517103 Show Map Loading map......

  11. European Climate Foundation (ECF) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    European Climate Foundation (ECF) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: European Climate Foundation (ECF) Name: European Climate Foundation (ECF) Address: Tournooiveld 4 2511 CX Place:...

  12. The European Spallation Source

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peggs, S; Eshraqi, M; Hahn, H; Jansson, A; Lindroos, M; Ponton, A; Rathsman, K; Trahern, G; Bousso, S; Calaga, R; Devanz, G; Duperrier, R D; Eguia, J; Gammino, S; Moller, S P; Oyon, C; Ruber, R.J.M.Y.

    2011-03-01

    The European Spallation Source (ESS) is a 5 MW, 2.5 GeV long pulse proton linac, to be built and commissioned in Lund, Sweden. The Accelerator Design Update (ADU) project phase is under way, to be completed at the end of 2012 by the delivery of a Technical Design Report. Improvements to the 2003 ESS design will be summarised, and the latest design activities will be presented.

  13. Research Highlight

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ARM-Funded Algorithms Lead to Marked Improvements in Global Weather Forecast Model Submitter: Morcrette, J. J., European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Morcrette, J.-J., H.W. Barker, J.N.S. Cole, M.J. Iacono, and R. Pincus, 2007: Impact of a new radiation package, McRad, in the ECMWF Integrated Forecasting System. Mon. Wea. Rev., Submitted. Figure 1a.

  14. Eastern European risk management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Honey, J.A. )

    1992-01-01

    Here the authors assess Eastern European risk management practices through the evaluation of the nuclear power plants in the region. This evaluation is limited to the Soviet-designed and -built VVER-440 pressurized water reactors (PWRs) that are currently operating in Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Russia, and the Ukraine and until recently operated at Greifswald in the former East Germany. This evaluation is based on the basic design of the plants, a safety evaluation of the Greifswald facility by representatives from the Federal Republic of Germany and personal visits by the author to Greifswald and Loviisa.

  15. European Wind Energy Association | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy Association Jump to: navigation, search Logo: European Wind Energy Association Name: European Wind Energy Association Address: Rue d'Arlon 80 B-1040 Place: Brussels, Belgium...

  16. European Investment Bank | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Logo: European Investment Bank Name: European Investment Bank Address: 98-100, boulevard Konrad Adenauer L-2950 Place: Luxembourg Product: Microfinance, Loans, Venture Capital...

  17. European Neutron Activation System.

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2013-01-11

    Version 03 EASY-2010 (European Activation System) consists of a wide range of codes, data and documentation all aimed at satisfying the objective of calculating the response of materials irradiated in a neutron flux. The main difference from the previous version is the upper energy limit, which has increased from 20 to 60 MeV. It is designed to investigate both fusion devices and accelerator based materials test facilities that will act as intense sources of high-energymore » neutrons causing significant activation of the surrounding materials. The very general nature of the calculational method and the data libraries means that it is applicable (with some reservations) to all situations (e.g. fission reactors or neutron sources) where materials are exposed to neutrons below 60 MeV. EASY can be divided into two parts: data and code development tools and user tools and data. The former are required to develop the latter, but EASY users only need to be able to use the inventory code FISPACT and be aware of the contents of the EAF library (the data source). The complete EASY package contains the FISPACT-2007 inventory code, the EAF-2003, EAF-2005, EAF-2007 and EAF-2010 libraries, and the EASY User Interface for the Window version. The activation package EASY-2010 is the result of significant development to extend the upper energy range from 20 to 60 MeV so that it is capable of being used for IFMIF calculations. The EAF-2010 library contains 66,256 reactions, almost five times more than in EAF-2003 (12,617). Deuteron-induced and proton-induced cross section libraries are also included, and can be used with EASY to enable calculations of the activation due to deuterons and proton [2].« less

  18. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Longwave Radiation in the ECMWF Forecast System J.-J. Morcrette European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts Shinfield Park, Reading Berkshire, United Kingdom Abstract The surface downward longwave radiation (LWR) was computed by the European Centre for Medium- Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) forecast system used for the 40-year reanalysis. The LWR is compared with surface radiation measurements for the April to May 1999 period, available as part of the Baseline Surface Radiation Network

  19. ARM - Facility News Article

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Black Forest, Germany; and Lamont, Oklahoma. "Getting hold of the ARM data was straightforward," Morcrette says. "I intend to use it again in the future." Morcrette is a...

  20. U.S.-European Union Joint Statement

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    JOINT STATEMENT BY PRESIDENT GEORGE W. BUSH, EUROPEAN COUNCIL PRESIDENT KONSTANDINOS SIMITIS, AND EUROPEAN COMMISSION PRESIDENT ROMANO PRODI ON THE HYDROGEN ECONOMY We affirm our commitment, on behalf of the United States and the European Union, to collaborate on accelerating the development of the hydrogen economy as part of our broadening cooperation on energy. We aim to enhance the security of energy supply, increase diversity of energy sources, and improve local and global environmental

  1. European Space Agency | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Space Agency Jump to: navigation, search Name: European Space Agency Place: Paris, France Zip: 75738 Sector: Services, Solar Product: String representation "ESAs job is ......

  2. European Pellet Centre | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Centre Place: Denmark Product: Information provider that targets professional pellet market actors across Europe. References: European Pellet Centre1 This article is a stub....

  3. European Business School | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: European Business School Place: Oestrich-Winkel, Germany Zip: D-65375 Sector: Efficiency Product: An Germany-based business school focusing on...

  4. European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference (EWTEC) series are international, technical and scientific conferences, focussed on ocean renewable energy and widely respected for their commitment to...

  5. European Green Cars Initiative | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Commission Focus Area: Governance - Planning - Decision-Making Structure Topics: Best Practices Website: www.green-cars-initiative.eupublic The European Green Cars...

  6. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Application of SGP Data to CERES Retrievals of Shortwave and Longwave Fluxes Charlock, T.P., Minnis, P., and Wong, T., National Aeronautics and Space Administration- Langley Research Center; Rose, F.G., Alberta, T.L., Analytical Services and Materials; Fu, Q., Dalhousie University; Hu, Y., Hampton University; Morcrette, J.-J., European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasting Ninth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting Data over the Southern Great Plains (SGP) for

  7. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the Shortwave Radiative Transfer Model, RRTMG_SW, to the National Center for Atmospheric Research and National Centers for Environmental Prediction General Circulation Models M.J. Iacono, E.J. Mlawer, J.S. Delamere, and S.A. Clough Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc. Lexington, Massachusetts J.-J. Morcrette European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts Reading, United Kingdom Y.-T. Hou National Centers for Environmental Prediction Camp Springs, Maryland Introduction The

  8. iacono-98.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3 Effects of a Validated Longwave Radiation Model, RRTM, on GCM Simulations M. J. Iacono, E. J. Mlawer, and S. A. Clough, Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc. Cambridge, Massachusetts J.-J. Morcrette European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts Reading, United Kingdom Introduction An improved, longwave radiation model, rapid radiative transfer model (RRTM; Mlawer et al. 1997), developed for the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program, has been incorporated into two general

  9. Cloudy Sky RRTM Shortwave Radiative Transfer and Comparison to the Revised ECMWF Shortwave Model

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Cloudy Sky RRTM Shortwave Radiative Transfer and Comparison to the Revised ECMWF Shortwave Model M. J. Iacono, J. S. Delamere, E. J. Mlawer, and S. A. Clough Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc. Lexington, Massachusetts J.-J. Morcrette European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts Reading, United Kingdom Introduction An important step toward improving radiative transfer codes in general circulation models (GCMs) is their thorough evaluation by comparison to measurements directly, or

  10. Investigation of the Application of the European PMP Method to...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of the Application of the European PMP Method to Clean Heavy Duty Vehicles Investigation of the Application of the European PMP Method to Clean Heavy Duty Vehicles Presentation ...

  11. Evaluation of the European PMP Methodologies Using Chassis Dynamometer...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    the European PMP Methodologies Using Chassis Dynamometer and On-road Testing of Heavy-duty Vehicles Evaluation of the European PMP Methodologies Using Chassis Dynamometer and ...

  12. ENTECH European Nuclear Technologies Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ENTECH European Nuclear Technologies Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: ENTECH (European Nuclear Technologies Ltd.) Place: Bristol, United Kingdom Zip: BS99 7JT Product: Entech...

  13. Advances in Diesel Engine Technologies for European Passenger...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Diesel Engine Technologies for European Passenger Vehicles Advances in Diesel Engine Technologies for European Passenger Vehicles 2002 DEER Conference Presentation: Volkswagen AG ...

  14. CEIN European Business and Innovation Center of Navarra | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    CEIN European Business and Innovation Center of Navarra Jump to: navigation, search Name: CEIN European Business and Innovation Center of Navarra Place: Spain Sector: Services...

  15. Competition and liberalization in European gas markets: Towards a continental European model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stern, J.P.

    1998-06-01

    Many of the long-awaited changes to the European gas market are now imminent. Institutional developments and market forces are combining to produce a transformation. This major study analyzes the developments in a wide range of European countries, including central and eastern Europe. In examining how different institutional traditions and political priorities will affect the gas market, Stern explores the potential for a distinct continental European model of competition and liberalization.

  16. Developments in the European methanol market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Speed, J.

    1995-12-31

    In the late eighties/early nineties the World Methanol Market was basically divided into three regional markets--America, Asia Pacific and Europe. These markets were interrelated but each had its own specific characteristics and traditional suppliers. Now the situation has changed; in the mid nineties there is a Global Methanol Market with global players and effective global pricing and the European market is governed by events world-wide. Europe is however a specific market with specific characteristics which are different from those of other markets although it is also part of the Global Market. Hence before the author focuses on Europe he looks at the World Market. The paper discusses world methanol production and consumption by region, world methanol consumption by end use, world methanol supply demand balance, the west European market, western European methanol production, methanol imports to W. Europe, the Former Soviet Union supplies, W. European methanol consumption by end use, MTBE in Europe, duties on methanol imports into W. Europe, investment in Europe, the effect of the 1994/95 price spike, and key issues for the future of the industry.

  17. HyLights -- Tools to Prepare the Large-Scale European Demonstration...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    HYLIGHTS - TOOLS TO PREPARE THE LARGE-SCALE EUROPEAN DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS ON HYDROGEN ... Assist the European Commission and European industry to plan the large-scale demonstration ...

  18. 28th Meeting of the European Crystallographic Association

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    8th Meeting of the European Crystallographic Association 28th Meeting of the European Crystallographic Association Print http://ecm28.ecanews.org/ August 25-29, 2013; University of Warwick, UK

  19. EU Pocketbook - European Vehicle Market Statistics | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    - European Vehicle Market Statistics AgencyCompany Organization: International Council on Clean Transportation Website: eupocketbook.theicct.org Transport Toolkit...

  20. U.S.-European Union Joint Statement | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    European Union Joint Statement U.S.-European Union Joint Statement U.S.-European Union Joint Statement prepared as part of the International Partnership for a Hydrogen Economy us_eu_hydrogen_summit_statement.pdf (61.18 KB) More Documents & Publications Microsoft Word - Document1 International Partnerships for the Hydrogen Economy Fact Sheet International Partnerships for the Hydrogen Economy Fact Sheet

  1. EERE European Partnerships and Projects | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    European Partnerships and Projects EERE European Partnerships and Projects The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) engages through regional partnerships, as well as bilaterally with individual countries in the European region. In addition to the regional partnerships described below, EERE Technology Offices engage in bilateral research partnerships with countries in Europe, including Denmark, France, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Romania,

  2. Russia, Ukraine and European security. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blank, S.J.

    1993-05-20

    The author examines the problems connected with the presence of nuclear weapons in Ukraine and their impact on Russo-Ukrainian relations and European security. He analyzes the fears of both Russia and Ukraine, vis-a-vis each other, that have led to this situation and suggests ways out of the impasse for both states, and particularly for the United States. He examines how the present situation evolved and recommends a solution that contributes in peaceful fashion to all parties' interests.... Strategic Arms Reduction Talks (START); Soviet Union/ Russian republic; Ukraine; Conventional and strategic deterrence; NATO; North Atlantic Cooperation Council.

  3. NNSA and the European Commission advance global nuclear nonproliferation

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    goals at 6th annual Joint Steering Committee Meeting | National Nuclear Security Administration | (NNSA) and the European Commission advance global nuclear nonproliferation goals at 6th annual Joint Steering Committee Meeting Friday, July 15, 2016 - 11:13am NNSA and the European Commission's Joint Research Centre participants at the 6th Annual Joint Steering Committee meeting. NNSA and the European Commission (E.C.) recently met in Ispra, Italy, to review the status of collaborative efforts

  4. European Business Council for Sustainable Energy e5 | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Council for Sustainable Energy e5 Jump to: navigation, search Name: European Business Council for Sustainable Energy (e5) Place: Karben, Germany Product: Germany-based, initiative...

  5. Sandian Presents on PV Failure Analysis at European PV Solar...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Presents on PV Failure Analysis at European PV Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition (EU PVSC) - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations Contact Us Employee Locator ...

  6. Illustrative Scenarios Tool (European Union) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Illustrative Scenarios Tool (European Union) Focus Area: Propane Topics: Opportunity Assessment & Screening Website: www.eutransportghg2050.eucms...

  7. EWIS European wind integration study (Smart Grid Project) (France...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    France) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name EWIS European wind integration study Country France Coordinates 45.897655, 2.021484 Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingser...

  8. Roel Neggers European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecasts

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    transition from shallow to deep convection using a dual mass flux boundary layer scheme Roel Neggers European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecasts Introduction " " % % &...

  9. EWIS European wind integration study (Smart Grid Project) (Denmark...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Project Name EWIS European wind integration study Country Denmark Coordinates 56.26392, 9.501785 Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type...

  10. 28th Meeting of the European Crystallographic Association

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    8th Meeting of the European Crystallographic Association http://ecm28.ecanews.org/ August 25-29, 2013; University of Warwick, UK

  11. EWIS European wind integration study (Smart Grid Project) (Spain...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Spain) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name EWIS European wind integration study Country Spain Coordinates 40.522152, -4.163818 Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingserv...

  12. EWIS European wind integration study (Smart Grid Project) (United...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    United Kingdom) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name EWIS European wind integration study Country United Kingdom Coordinates 55.378052, -3.435973 Loading map......

  13. EWIS European wind integration study (Smart Grid Project) (Czech...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Czech Republic) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name EWIS European wind integration study Country Czech Republic Coordinates 49.817493, 15.472962 Loading map......

  14. EWIS European wind integration study (Smart Grid Project) (Netherlands...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of wind generation developers. The study will use results from detailed network and market models of the European transmission system for scenarios representing immediate and...

  15. EWIS European wind integration study (Smart Grid Project) (Greece...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of wind generation developers. The study will use results from detailed network and market models of the European transmission system for scenarios representing immediate and...

  16. EWIS European wind integration study (Smart Grid Project) (Austria...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of wind generation developers. The study will use results from detailed network and market models of the European transmission system for scenarios representing immediate and...

  17. EWIS European wind integration study (Smart Grid Project) (Poland...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of wind generation developers. The study will use results from detailed network and market models of the European transmission system for scenarios representing immediate and...

  18. EWIS European wind integration study (Smart Grid Project) | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of wind generation developers. The study will use results from detailed network and market models of the European transmission system for scenarios representing immediate and...

  19. EWIS European wind integration study (Smart Grid Project) (Portugal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of wind generation developers. The study will use results from detailed network and market models of the European transmission system for scenarios representing immediate and...

  20. EWIS European wind integration study (Smart Grid Project) (Ireland...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of wind generation developers. The study will use results from detailed network and market models of the European transmission system for scenarios representing immediate and...

  1. European Energy Exchange AG EEX | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy Exchange AG EEX Jump to: navigation, search Name: European Energy Exchange AG (EEX) Place: Leipzig, Germany Zip: D-04109 Product: Germany's energy exchange, which aims to...

  2. EWIS European wind integration study (Smart Grid Project) (Germany...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Germany) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name EWIS European wind integration study Country Germany Coordinates 51.165691, 10.451526 Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mapping...

  3. Manual of European Environmental Policy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and cases from the European Court of Justice. Regular updates as legislation is adopted, plus details and analysis of new and forthcoming policy. Advanced search options so you...

  4. European Academy of Wind Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Academy of Wind Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name: European Academy of Wind Energy Place: Kassel, Germany Sector: Wind energy Product: The EAWE is a cooperative association...

  5. The European Community and crisis adaptation: The impact of the 1973 oil crisis on European integration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mahurin, R.P.

    1991-01-01

    This study investigates relationships that emerged between European Economic Community and Arab League nations during the period 1970-1978, with special attention to the period immediately following the October 1973 Arab-Israeli war and the Arab oil embargo of 1973-74. The central argument is that European integration can be measured and understood from three different levels of analysis: not only the systems or supranational level (to which neofunctionalists and federalists have largely confined their investigations), but from the nation-state and the subnational levels also. This view is justified in the context of complex interdependencies in the work of Joseph Nye and Robert Keohane. From this perspective, nation-state and subnational-level data take on a new importance. This study collected data on the nature, level, and intensity of contracts between actors within each of these three levels. The study finds at all these levels strong evidence of increased collective and convergent activity which, in the context of complex interdependencies, points to a complex but clearly advancing process of European integration during the period under investigation.

  6. European Lean Gasoline Direct Injection Vehicle Benchmark

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chambon, Paul H; Huff, Shean P; Edwards, Kevin Dean; Norman, Kevin M; Prikhodko, Vitaly Y; Thomas, John F

    2011-01-01

    Lean Gasoline Direct Injection (LGDI) combustion is a promising technical path for achieving significant improvements in fuel efficiency while meeting future emissions requirements. Though Stoichiometric Gasoline Direct Injection (SGDI) technology is commercially available in a few vehicles on the American market, LGDI vehicles are not, but can be found in Europe. Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) obtained a European BMW 1-series fitted with a 2.0l LGDI engine. The vehicle was instrumented and commissioned on a chassis dynamometer. The engine and after-treatment performance and emissions were characterized over US drive cycles (Federal Test Procedure (FTP), the Highway Fuel Economy Test (HFET), and US06 Supplemental Federal Test Procedure (US06)) and steady state mappings. The vehicle micro hybrid features (engine stop-start and intelligent alternator) were benchmarked as well during the course of that study. The data was analyzed to quantify the benefits and drawbacks of the lean gasoline direct injection and micro hybrid technologies from a fuel economy and emissions perspectives with respect to the US market. Additionally that data will be formatted to develop, substantiate, and exercise vehicle simulations with conventional and advanced powertrains.

  7. European Fuel Cell GmbH EFC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    GmbH EFC Jump to: navigation, search Name: European Fuel Cell GmbH (EFC) Place: Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany Zip: 20539 Product: EFC is developing a residential fuel cell CHP system...

  8. European Marine Energy Centre Ltd EMEC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Marine Energy Centre Ltd EMEC Jump to: navigation, search Name: European Marine Energy Centre Ltd (EMEC) Place: Stromness, United Kingdom Zip: KW16 3AW Product: EMEC aims to...

  9. Advances in Diesel Engine Technologies for European Passenger Vehicles |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Diesel Engine Technologies for European Passenger Vehicles Advances in Diesel Engine Technologies for European Passenger Vehicles 2002 DEER Conference Presentation: Volkswagen AG 2002_deer_schindler.pdf (1.73 MB) More Documents & Publications Accelerating Light-Duty Diesel Sales in the U.S. Market Light-Duty Diesel Market Potential in North America Meeting the CO2 Challenge DEER 2002

  10. Towards a coherent European approach for taxation of combustible waste

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dubois, Maarten

    2013-08-15

    Highlights: Current European waste taxes do not constitute a level playing field. Integrating waste incineration in EU ETS avoids regional tax competition. A differentiated incineration tax is a second-best instrument for NO{sub x} emissions. A tax on landfilled incineration residues stimulates ash treatment. - Abstract: Although intra-European trade of combustible waste has grown strongly in the last decade, incineration and landfill taxes remain disparate within Europe. The paper proposes a more coherent taxation approach for Europe that is based on the principle of Pigovian taxation, i.e. the internalization of environmental damage costs. The approach aims to create a level playing field between European regions while reinforcing incentives for sustainable management of combustible waste. Three important policy recommendations emerge. First, integrating waste incineration into the European Emissions Trading System for greenhouse gases (EU ETS) reduces the risk of tax competition between regions. Second, because taxation of every single air pollutant from waste incineration is cumbersome, a differentiated waste incineration tax based on NO{sub x} emissions can serve as a second-best instrument. Finally, in order to strengthen incentives for ash treatment, a landfill tax should apply for landfilled incineration residues. An example illustrates the coherence of the policy recommendations for incineration technologies with diverse environmental effects.

  11. The European X-ray Free-Electron Laser: A Progress Report | Stanford...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Friday, December 2, 2011 - 2:00pm SLAC, Redtail Conference Room (901-108) M. Altarelli, European XFEL GmbH, Hamburg, Germany The present status of the construction of the European ...

  12. EECH Group AG formerly European Energy Consult Holding P T Technology...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    EECH Group AG formerly European Energy Consult Holding P T Technology AG Jump to: navigation, search Name: EECH Group AG (formerly European Energy Consult Holding, P&T Technology...

  13. ARGE DFC - A European approach to MCFC commercialization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kraus, P.; Huppmann, G.; Heiming, A.

    1996-12-31

    The largest European program for the commercialization of the molten carbonate fuel cell technology is carried out by the European Direct Fuel Cell Consortium (ARGE DFC). The consortium consists of the following companies: (1) MTU Friedrichshafen GmbH (Germany), within the DaimlerBenz Group responsible for off-road propulsion and decentralized energy systems. (2) Haldor Topsoe A/S (Denmark), a plant engineering company and specialist for catalytic processes (3) Elkraft A.m.b.A. (Denmark), one of the countries two utility companies (4) Ruhrgas AG (Germany), the largest German gas company (5) RWE AG (Germany), the largest German electrical utility company MTU acts as a consortium leader. The company shares a license and technology exchange agreement with Energy Research Corporation of Danbury, Connecticut.

  14. European Labs | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    European Labs Nuclear Physics (NP) NP Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of NP Applications of Nuclear Science Small Business Innovation Research / Small Business Technology Transfer Funding Opportunities Nuclear Science Advisory Committee (NSAC) Community Resources Contact Information Nuclear Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-26/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3613 F: (301) 903-3833 E: Email Us More Information »

  15. European American Solar Deployment Conference (PV Rollout), 2013

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    rd European American Solar Deployment Conference (PV Rollout), 2013 PV Distribution Interconnection Study Analysis Matthew J. Reno, Robert J. Broderick, Jimmy E. Quiroz, Santiago Grijalva 777 Atlantic Dr. NW, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA Phone: 505-620-6560 E-Mail: matthew.reno@gatech.edu Introduction Deployment of distributed PV systems is increasing rapidly. High penetration scenarios, which are becoming increasingly common, have the potential to affect the distribution feeder equipment [1] and the

  16. Energy market of the European union: common or segmented?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nowak, Bartlomiej

    2010-12-15

    The European energy market operates on the premise of open and competitive markets among its 27 member states. But the gas and electricity market dynamics and levels of competitiveness vary enormously across the EU 27. Among the issues are unequal implementation of electricity and gas directives, a lack of independent energy regulators, the absence of proper and full unbundling, and discriminatory third-party access to the infrastructure. (author)

  17. Arco to enter European PGE production with new Rotterdam plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Young, I.

    1993-03-03

    Arco Chemical (Newtown Square, PA) will enter production of propylene glycol ethers (PGEs) in Europe by building a 70,000-m.t./year plant at its Rotterdam site. Arco's board has approved the project, with construction to begin this year and completion expected in mid-1995. This new plant supports the company's long-standing strategy to increase its downstream integration in value-added derivatives of propylene oxide,' says Jack Oppasser, president of Arco Chemical Europe (Maidenhead, U.K.). It allows the company to sustain its strong position in the growing European glycol ether market.' Arco's move represents a challenge to Dow Europe (Horgen, Switzerland), which dominates the European PGE market. Dow is Europe's biggest producer of PGEs, with its Dowanol brands commanding a share greater than 50% of the estimated 90,000-m.t./year methyl-based PGE market. This was recently boosted by completion of the expansion of its plant at Stade, Germany, from 60,000 m.t./year to 110,000 m.t./year. While Arco does not currently make PGEs in Europe, it is the second-largest supplier, with about 15,000 m.t.-20,000 m.t./year, via third-party manufacturing arrangements' with European producers, including BP Chemicals, and imports from its 90-million lbs/year plant at Bayport, TX. However, Arco refuses to comment on this because of antitrust aspects.'

  18. The European Union's emissions trading system in perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A. Denny Ellerman; Paul L. Joskow

    2008-05-15

    The performance of the European Union's Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) to date cannot be evaluated without recognizing that the first three years from 2005 through 2007 constituted a 'trial' period and understanding what this trial period was supposed to accomplish. Its primary goal was to develop the infrastructure and to provide the experience that would enable the successful use of a cap-and-trade system to limit European GHG emissions during a second trading period, 2008-12, corresponding to the first commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol. The trial period was a rehearsal for the later more serious engagement and it was never intended to achieve significant reductions in CO{sub 2} emissions in only three years. In light of the speed with which the program was developed, the many sovereign countries involved, the need to develop the necessary data, information dissemination, compliance and market institutions, and the lack of extensive experience with emissions trading in Europe, we think that the system has performed surprisingly well. Although there have been plenty of rough edges, a transparent and widely accepted price for tradable CO{sub 2} emission allowances emerged by January 1, 2005, a functioning market for allowances has developed quickly and effortlessly without any prodding by the Commission or member state governments, the cap-and-trade infrastructure of market institutions, registries, monitoring, reporting and verification is in place, and a significant segment of European industry is incorporating the price of CO{sub 2} emissions into their daily production decisions. The development of the EU ETS and the experience with the trial period provides a number of useful lessons for the U.S. and other countries. 27 refs., 7 figs., 5 tabs.

  19. A European Sustainable Tourism Labels proposal using a composite indicator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blancas, Francisco Javier; Lozano-Oyola, Macarena; González, Mercedes

    2015-09-15

    The tourism sector in Europe faces important challenges which it must deal with to promote its future development. In this context, the European Commission considers that two key issues must be addressed. On the one hand, a better base of socio-economic knowledge about tourism and its relationship with the environment is needed, and, on the other hand, it is necessary to improve the image of European areas as quality sustainable tourism destinations. In this paper we present analytical tools that cover these needs. Specifically, we define a system of sustainable tourism indicators and we obtain a composite indicator incorporating weights quantified using a panel of experts. Employing the values of this global indicator as a basis, we define a Sustainable Tourism Country-Brand Ranking which assesses the perception of each country-brand depending on its degree of sustainability, and a system of sustainable tourism labels which reward the management carried out. - Highlights: • We define a system of indicators to improve the knowledge about sustainable tourism. • We obtain composite indicators based on expert knowledge. • The Sustainable Tourism Country-Brand Ranking would improve the image of destinations. • We define a Sustainable Tourism Labels System to assess country-brands. • The conclusions of the empirical analysis can be extrapolated to other tourist areas.

  20. Comparison of filter with Prairie and European Network data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Canavan, G.H.

    1997-10-01

    Earlier notes derived a model for the hydrodynamics, ablation, and radiation of meteor impacts at the level needed to infer meteor parameters from observations and extended it to objects that fragment during entry, using models based on related cometary studies. This note completes the comparison of the resulting filter model to European and Prairie Network (EN and PN) data and models of meteor impact. In cases of mutual applicability, US and European models give broadly consistent results. The quantitative analysis of the EN and PN data is best discussed in conjunction with the Russian program of its analysis, because the Russian program has bypassed the large reported photometrically based masses to derive more plausible estimates of sizes, masses, and radiation efficiencies, which are the primary quantities of concern here. This note completes the discussion of the PN and EN data begun earlier, uses the data to produce filter predictions, and compares it with observations and the predictions of the Russian analytic effort. The overall agreement is useful in that the Russian efforts have employed more complex models that use observational data directly, while the filter model is at a level of simplification much better suited to data inversion.

  1. High Temperature Fuel Cells in the European Union | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Cells in the European Union High Temperature Fuel Cells in the European Union Presentation on High Temperature Fuel Cells in the European Union to the High Temperature Membrane Working Group, May 25, 2004 in Philadelphia, PA. euhvh_philadelphia.pdf (1.38 MB) More Documents & Publications CARISMA: A Networking Project for High Temperature PEMFC MEA Activities in Europe Evaluating Exhaust Emission Performance of Urban Buses Using Transient Heavy-Duty Chassis Dynamometer Membrane Development

  2. Sandia to Discuss Energy-Storage Test Protocols at the European...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Discuss Energy-Storage Test Protocols at the European PV Solar Energy Conference - Sandia ... distributed energy resource (DER) operation and communication within the power system. ...

  3. HyLights -- Tools to Prepare the Large-Scale European Demonstration...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Projects on Hydrogen for Transport HyLights -- Tools to Prepare the Large-Scale European Demonstration Projects on Hydrogen for Transport Presented at Refueling ...

  4. The Activities of the European Consortium on Nuclear Data Development and Analysis for Fusion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fischer, U.; Avrigeanu, M.; Avrigeanu, V.; Cabellos, O.; Kodeli, I.; Koning, A.; Konobeyev, A.Yu.; Leeb, H.; Rochman, D.; Pereslavtsev, P.; Sauvan, P.; Sublet, J.-C.; Dupont, E.; Leichtle, D.; Izquierdo, J.

    2014-06-15

    This paper presents an overview of the activities of the European Consortium on Nuclear Data Development and Analysis for Fusion. The Consortium combines available European expertise to provide services for the generation, maintenance, and validation of nuclear data evaluations and data files relevant for ITER, IFMIF and DEMO, as well as codes and software tools required for related nuclear calculations.

  5. Biogas end-use in the European community

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Constant, M.; Naveau, H.; Nyns, E.J. ); Ferrero, G.L.

    1989-01-01

    In Europe over the past few years the generation of biogas for energy and environmental purposes has been gaining in importance. Industrial wastewaters, cattle manure, sewage sludges, urban wastes, crop residues, algae and aquatic biomass are all typical of the materials being utilized. In contrast to the extensive inventory of biomethanation processes which has been carried out within the EEC, until recently a detailed, up-to-date investigation of the end-sues of biogas had not been undertaken. To supply the necessary information, the Commission of the European Communities and the Belgian Science Policy Office jointly entrusted a study to the Unit of Bioengineering at the Catholic University of Louvain, Belgium. This book is record of the study and has the following key features: it gives a broad overview of the ongoing use of biogas in Europe; it summarizes available data on storage, purification and engines using biogas; it draws several conclusions concerning the technical and economic viability of the processes; it discusses the problems of using biogas; and it outlines recommendations and future R and D and demonstration projects in the field.

  6. Mesozoic-Cenozoic sequence stratigraphy of European basins

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vail, P.R. ); Jacquin, T. )

    1993-09-01

    The preliminary results of the project, [open quotes]Mesozoic-Cenozoic Sequence Stratigraphy of European Basins[close quotes] (introduced at a seminar in Dijon, France, on May 18-20, 1992), show that the Mesozoic-Cenozoic stratigraphic succession of western Europe can be subdivided into a series of transgressive-regressive facies cycles (second order, 3-50 m.y.) and related to tectonic events by subsidence analysis and regional geology. The distribution of the second-order cycles are shown on a series of transects that extend from the Mediterranean to the North Sea. Where possible, each transgressive-regressive phase has been subdivided into a series of higher frequency sequence cycles (third order, 0.5-3 m.y.). These sequence cycles are identified in regions with good outcrops and biostratigraphic control. The sequence stratigraphy interpretation of these outcrop sections provides documentation for the age and distribution of the second- and third-order stratigraphic cycles of western Europe. Subsurface seismic and well data from the North Sea Basin, Paris basin, and the Mediterranean area are interpreted in terms of sequence stratigraphy and correlated to the outcrop reference sections. Chronobiostratigraphy and numerical ages are based on a series of new charts made especially for this project that show the latest correlation of the biostratigraphic zones for both microfossils and macrofossils across Europe. The charts also include a numerical time scale that reconciles the differences between existing time scales.

  7. The European XFEL Free Electron Laser at DESY

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Weise, Hans [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, Germany

    2009-09-01

    The European X-ray Free-Electron laser Facility (XFEL) is going to be built in an international collaboration at the Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Germany, and the Technical Design Report was published in 2006. The official project is expected for summer 2007. This new facility will offer photon beams at wavelengths as short as 1 angstrom with highest peak brilliance being more than 100 million times higher than present day synchrotron radiation sources. The radiation has a high degree of transverse coherence and the pulse duration is reduced from {approx}100 picoseconds (typ. for SR light sources) down to the {approx}10 femtosecond time domain. The overall layout of the XFEL will be described. This includes the envisaged operation parameters for the linear accelerator using superconducting TESLA technology. The complete design is based on the actually operated FLASH free-electron laser at DESY. Experience with the operation during first long user runs at wavelengths from 30 to 13 nm will be described in detail.

  8. A European perspective on the US nuclear fuel cycle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilkinson, W.L.

    1989-01-01

    Many Europeans believe that the main problems which have impeded progress in solving the back end of the nuclear fuel cycle in the United States have been a series of ideological and political hang-ups and these, coupled with excessive bureaucracy, have made logical decision making on the back-end problems impossible. This situation has been caused by a succession of political nondecisions. Public confidence in nuclear generation was thereby undermined and, because of plentiful supplies of other energy sources, there was no urgent need to expand the nuclear program in the United States. Since uranium was cheap and fast reactors not commercially attractive, there was no economic incentive to reprocess fuel from existing reactors in the United States. The problem facing the United States is that of managing the large stocks of spent fuel which have arisen over many years. A logical way forward for the United States would appear to be as follows: build more storage for spent fuel; consider overseas reprocessing to provide plutonium; develop reprocessing technology; and develop direct disposal technology.

  9. The European X-ray Free-Electron Laser: A Progress Report | Stanford

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource The European X-ray Free-Electron Laser: A Progress Report Friday, December 2, 2011 - 2:00pm SLAC, Redtail Conference Room (901-108) M. Altarelli, European XFEL GmbH, Hamburg, Germany The present status of the construction of the European X-ray Free-Electron Laser in Hamburg will be reviewed, and challenges in the development of the instrumentation, in order to exploit the time-structure of the superconducting linear accelerator, will be described. Programs

  10. Exposure determinants of cadmium in European mothers and their children

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berglund, Marika; Larsson, Kristin; Grandér, Margaretha; Casteleyn, Ludwine; Kolossa-Gehring, Marike; Schwedler, Gerda; Castaño, Argelia; Esteban, Marta; Angerer, Jürgen; Koch, Holger M.; Schindler, Birgit K.; Schoeters, Greet; Smolders, Roel; Exley, Karen; Sepai, Ovnair; Blumen, Luies; Horvat, Milena; Knudsen, Lisbeth E.; Mørck, Thit A.; Joas, Anke; and others

    2015-08-15

    The metal cadmium (Cd) is a widespread environmental pollutant with documented adverse effects on the kidneys and bones from long-term environmental exposure, but with insufficiently elucidated public health consequences such as risk of cardiovascular disease, hormone-related cancer in adults and developmental effects in children. This study is the first pan-European human biomonitoring project that succeeded in performing harmonized measurements of Cd in urine in a comparable way in mother–child couples from 16 European countries. The aim of the study was to evaluate the overall Cd exposure and significant determinants of Cd exposure. A study population of 1632 women (24–52 years of age), and 1689 children (5–12 years of age), from 32 rural and urban areas, was examined within a core period of 6 months in 2011–2012. Women were stratified as smokers and non-smokers. As expected, smoking mothers had higher geometric mean (gm) urinary cadmium (UCd; 0.24 µg/g crea; n=360) than non-smoking mothers (gm 0.18 µg/g crea; n=1272; p<0.0001), and children had lower UCd (gm 0.065 µg/g crea; n=1689) than their mothers at the country level. Non-smoking women exposed to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) at home had 14% (95% CI 1–28%) higher UCd than those who were not exposed to ETS at home (p=0.04). No influence of ETS at home or other places on UCd levels was detected in children. Smoking women with primary education as the highest educational level of the household had 48% (95% CI 18–86%) higher UCd than those with tertiary education (p=0.0008). The same observation was seen in non-smoking women and in children; however they were not statistically significant. In children, living in a rural area was associated with 7% (95% CI 1–13%) higher UCd (p=0.03) compared to living in an urban area. Children, 9–12 years had 7% (95% CI 1–13%) higher UCd (p=0.04) than children 5–8 years. About 1% of the mothers, and 0.06% of the children, exceeded the tolerable

  11. Joint statement of the European Commission's Joint Research Centre and the

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration regarding the reduction of excess nuclear material | National Nuclear Security Administration | (NNSA) Joint statement of the European Commission's Joint Research Centre and the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration regarding the reduction of excess nuclear material March 24, 2014 Nuclear safety and security are priorities for the European Union and the United States of

  12. A European Perspective of EURO 5/U.S. 07 Heavy-Duty Engine Technologies and

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Their Related Consequences | Department of Energy A European Perspective of EURO 5/U.S. 07 Heavy-Duty Engine Technologies and Their Related Consequences A European Perspective of EURO 5/U.S. 07 Heavy-Duty Engine Technologies and Their Related Consequences 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentation: Volvo Powertrain 2004_deer_fayolle.pdf (350.62 KB) More Documents & Publications SCR Systems for Heavy Duty Trucks: Progress Towards Meeting Euro 4 Emission

  13. HyLights -- Tools to Prepare the Large-Scale European Demonstration

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Projects on Hydrogen for Transport | Department of Energy HyLights -- Tools to Prepare the Large-Scale European Demonstration Projects on Hydrogen for Transport HyLights -- Tools to Prepare the Large-Scale European Demonstration Projects on Hydrogen for Transport Presented at Refueling Infrastructure for Alternative Fuel Vehicles: Lessons Learned for Hydrogen Conference, April 2-3, 2008, Sacramento, California buenger.pdf (1.96 MB) More Documents & Publications Santa Clara Valley

  14. European MSc Programs in Nuclear Sciences - To meet the Need of Stakeholders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salbu, Brit; Skipperud, Lindis; Priest, Nick; Garelick, Hemda; Tamponnet, Christian; Mitchell, Peter

    2009-08-19

    A stakeholder needs assessment, carried out under the EU-EURAC and EU-ENEN II projects, clearly showed that, at the European level, there are a significant and constant need for post-graduates with skills in radiochemistry, radioecology, radiation dosimetry and environmental modelling and a smaller, but still important, demand for radiobiologists and bio-modellers. Most of these needs are from government organizations. If only the nuclear industry is considered, then the largest demand is for radiochemists and radiation protection dosimetrists. Given this spectrum of need and existing capacity in the areas of radiobiology it was concluded that the needs identified would be most efficiently met by three new degree programs: European MSc Radiation Protection European MSc Analytical Radiochemistry European MSc Radioecology. All three master programs would be developed using the framework provided by the Bologna Convention and the lecturing could be shared among specialist Scientists within a network of collaborating universities. Therefore, educational plans have been developed for the above MSc degrees. These plans envisage each degree comprising three modules that are common to all the degrees (3x10 ECTS credits), three specialist modules (3x10 ECTS credits) and a research project (1x60 ECTS credits). The courses should be aimed, not only to fill the identified European postgraduate education gap in radiological sciences, but also to provide a modular structure that is easily accessed by stakeholders for CPD training. It is anticipated that the European Masters will meet the academic training requirements of qualified 'experts', as defined by the European Commission and the IAEA. At the Norwegian University of Life Sciences (UMB) a pilot MSc in Radioecology has successfully been initiated in collaboration with UK and France.

  15. European Fuel Cells R&D Review. Final report, Purchase Order No. 062014

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael, P.D.; Maguire, J.

    1994-09-01

    Aim of the Review is to present a statement on the status of fuel cell development in Europe, addressing the research, development and demonstration (RD&D) and commercialization activities being undertaken, identifying key European organizations active in development and commercialization of fuel cells and detailing their future plans. This document describes the RD&D activities in Europe on alkaline, phosphoric acid, polymer electrolyte, direct methanol, solid oxide, and molten carbonate fuel cell types. It describes the European Commission`s activities, its role in the European development of fuel cells, and its interaction with the national programs. It then presents a country-by-country breakdown. For each country, an overview is given, presented by fuel cell type. Scandinavian countries are covered in less detail. American organizations active in Europe, either in supplying fuel cell components, or in collaboration, are identified. Applications include transportation and cogeneration.

  16. Development of advanced concepts for DIR-MCFC cogeneration applications in the European Market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kortbeek, P.J.; Ottervanger, R.G.; Dicks, A.L.

    1996-12-31

    Early 1996 a three year (1996 - 1998) joint European project was launched under the name {open_quote}Advanced DIR-MCFC Development{close_quote}, aiming at the development of Direct Internal Reforming (DIR) Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell (MCFC) systems for cogeneration applications for the European market. In this project participate: Brandstofcel Nederland BV (BCN), British Gas pic (BG), Gaz de France (GDF), Netherlands Energy Research foundation (ECN), Stork, Royal Schelde and Sydkraft AB. The European Fuel Cell User Group (EFCUG) supports the project as an advisory board. Whereas the US and Japanese programmes are aimed at large-scale demonstrations of the MCFC technology, this project focusses on the development of concepts and technology, required for MCFC systems that will be competative on the cogeneration market. The project partners provide the essential expertise: from end-user, system engineering, stack development up to fundamental material research.

  17. European refiners must seek creative processes to justify heavy-ends projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hunt, P.

    1996-12-09

    There are strong reasons for wanting to upgrade the bottom of the crude oil barrel. But European refiners will not find it easy to get approval and funding for major capital investment projects. In most cases, investment justification will have to be creative and may need to rely on factors traditionally considered to be outside the conventional refinery fence. Examples of such creative upgrading schemes are those employed in four gasification projects planned for refineries in Italy. It is clear that the major obstacles to heavy residue processing are not technical, but economic. A review of these obstacles will set the stage for European investment in bottom-of-the-barrel processing.

  18. Investigation of the Application of the European PMP Method to Clean Heavy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Duty Vehicles | Department of Energy of the Application of the European PMP Method to Clean Heavy Duty Vehicles Investigation of the Application of the European PMP Method to Clean Heavy Duty Vehicles Presentation given at the 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency & Emissions Research Conference (DEER 2007). 13-16 August, 2007, Detroit, Michigan. Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies (OFCVT). deer07_robertson.pdf (318.74 KB) More

  19. COLLOQUIUM: Dr. Romanelli "The European Roadmap for MFE" | Princeton Plasma

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Physics Lab June 12, 2013, 4:15pm to 5:30pm Colloquia MBG Auditorium COLLOQUIUM: Dr. Romanelli "The European Roadmap for MFE" Dr. Francesco Romanelli JET and EFDA Presentation: PDF icon WC12JUN2013_FRomanelli.pdf The European Roadmap for MFE Colloquium Committee: The Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory 2016-2017 Colloquium Committee is comprised of the following people. Please feel free to contact them by e-mail regarding any possible speakers or topics for future colloquia. Carol

  20. Safety of nuclear power reactors in the former Eastern European Countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chakraborty, S.

    1995-10-01

    This article discusses the safety of nuclear power plants in the former Eastern European countries (including the former Soviet Union). The current international design, fabrication, construction, operation, safety, regulatory standards and practices, and ways to resolve plant problems are addressed in light of experience with the Western nuclear power development programs.

  1. Sandia to Discuss Energy-Storage Test Protocols at the European PV Solar

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Conference Discuss Energy-Storage Test Protocols at the European PV Solar Energy Conference - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations Contact Us Employee Locator Energy & Climate Secure & Sustainable Energy Future Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power Supercritical CO2 Geothermal Natural Gas Safety, Security & Resilience of the Energy Infrastructure Energy Storage Nuclear Power & Engineering Grid Modernization

  2. Summary of TFTR (Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor) diagnostics, including JET (Joint European Torus) and JT-60

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hill, K.W.; Young, K.M.; Johnson, L.C.

    1990-05-01

    The diagnostic instrumentation on TFTR (Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor) and the specific properties of each diagnostic, i.e., number of channels, time resolution, wavelength range, etc., are summarized in tables, grouped according to the plasma parameter measured. For comparison, the equivalent diagnostic capabilities of JET (Joint European Torus) and the Japanese large tokamak, JT-60, as of late 1987 are also listed in the tables. Extensive references are given to publications on each instrument.

  3. The European

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... with the light fields behaving as phantom and quintessence fields in the quintom model. ... path integral 4 % hv, x J Dgve-5E. This Euclidean analytic continuation is ...

  4. Assessment of external costs for transport project evaluation: Guidelines in some European countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Petruccelli, Umberto

    2015-09-15

    Many studies about the external costs generated by the transport system have been developed in the last twenty years. To standardize methodologies and assessment procedures to be used in the evaluation of the projects, some European countries recently have adopted specific guidelines that differ from each other in some aspects even sensibly. This paper presents a critical analysis of the British, Italian and German guidelines and is aimed at cataloguing the external cost types regarded and the assessment methods indicated as well as to highlight the differences of the results, in terms of applicability and reliability. The goal is to contribute to a European standardization process that would lead to the drafting of guidelines suited for all EU countries. - Highlights: • The analyzed guidelines agree on the methods to evaluate costs from air pollution, greenhouse gases and accidents. • They recommend respectively: dose-resp. approach; costs to reduce/permit emissions; whole direct, indirect and social costs. • For noise, DE guide indicates defensive expenditure or SP methods; IT guide, SP method; UK guide, the hedonic prices one. • For on territory impact, DE guide regards only the barrier effect; the IT one, also the soil consumption and system effects. • British guide proposes a qualitative methodology to estimate the impact on various landscapes and environments.

  5. Advanced reprocessing developments in Europe contribution of European projects ACSEPT and ACTINET-I3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bourg, S.; Poinssot, C.; Geist, A.; Cassayre, L.; Rhodes, C.; Ekberg, C.

    2012-07-01

    Nuclear energy has more than ever to demonstrate that it can contribute safely and on a sustainable way to answer the international increase in energy needs. Actually, in addition to an increased safety of the reactors themselves, its acceptance is still closely associated to our capability to reduce the lifetime of the nuclear waste, to manage them safely and to propose options for a better use of the natural resources. Spent fuel reprocessing can help to reach these objectives. But this cannot be achieved only by optimizing industrial processes through engineering studies. It is of a primary importance to increase our fundamental knowledge in actinide sciences in order to build the future of nuclear energy on reliable and scientifically-founded results, and therefore meet the needs of the future fuel cycles in terms of fabrication and performance of fuels, reprocessing and waste management. At the European level, both the collaborative project ACSEPT and the Integrated Infrastructure Initiative ACTINET-I3 work together to improve our knowledge in actinides chemistry and therefore develop advanced separation processes. These tools are complementary and work in close connection on some specific issues such as the understanding of the selectivity of extracting organic ligands. By offering trans-national access to the main nuclear research facility in Europe, ACTINET-I3 aims at increasing the knowledge in actinide sciences by gathering all the expertise available in European nuclear research institutes or university and giving them the opportunity to come and work in hot-labs (ITU, Atalante...) or beamlines (ESFR, ANKA, PSI) ACSEPT is focused on the development of advanced separation processes, both aqueous and pyrochemical. Head-end steps, fuel re-fabrication, solvent treatment, waste management are also taken into account. In aqueous process development, the SANEX and innovative SANEX flowsheets demonstration were successfully achieved. Chemical systems were

  6. Research Highlight

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2003 Key Contributors: H.W. Barker, J.J. Morcrette Cloud radiative feedback-the amount of solar radiation that is absorbed by clouds before it reaches the earth and bounces back...

  7. JJM poster 03.07

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    on the cloud generator. At ECMWF, Drs D. Salmond and J. Hague helped in the debugging and optimization of the code. References Barker, H.W., R. Pincus, and J.-J. Morcrette, 2003b:...

  8. Tritium processing for the European test blanket systems: current status of the design and development strategy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ricapito, I.; Calderoni, P.; Poitevin, Y.; Aiello, A.; Utili, M.; Demange, D.

    2015-03-15

    Tritium processing technologies of the two European Test Blanket Systems (TBS), HCLL (Helium Cooled Lithium Lead) and HCPB (Helium Cooled Pebble Bed), play an essential role in meeting the main objectives of the TBS experimental campaign in ITER. The compliancy with the ITER interface requirements, in terms of space availability, service fluids, limits on tritium release, constraints on maintenance, is driving the design of the TBS tritium processing systems. Other requirements come from the characteristics of the relevant test blanket module and the scientific programme that has to be developed and implemented. This paper identifies the main requirements for the design of the TBS tritium systems and equipment and, at the same time, provides an updated overview on the current design status, mainly focusing onto the tritium extractor from Pb-16Li and TBS tritium accountancy. Considerations are also given on the possible extrapolation to DEMO breeding blanket. (authors)

  9. Experimental neutronics tests for a neutron activation system for the European ITER TBM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klix, A.; Fischer, U.; Gehre, D.; Kleizer, G.; Raj, P.; Rovni, I.; Ruecker, Tom

    2014-08-21

    We are investigating methods for neutron flux measurement in the ITER TBM. In particular we have tested sets of activation materials leading to induced gamma activities with short half-lives of the order of tens of seconds up to minutes and standard activation materials. Packages of activation foils have been irradiated with the intense neutron generator of Technical University of Dresden in a pure DT neutron field as well as in a neutronics mock-up of the European ITER HCLL TBM. An important aim was to check whether the gamma activity induced in the activation foils in these packages could be measured simultaneously. It was indeed possible to identify gamma lines of interest in gamma-ray measurements immediately after extraction from the irradiation.

  10. Challenges and design solutions of the liquid hydrogen circuit at the European Spallation Source

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gallimore, S.; Nilsson, P.; Sabbagh, P.; Takibayev, A.; Weisend II, J. G.; Beler, Y.; Klaus, M.

    2014-01-29

    The European Spallation Source (ESS), Lund, Sweden will be a 5MW long-pulse neutron spallation research facility and will enable new opportunities for researchers in the fields of life sciences, energy, environmental technology, cultural heritage and fundamental physics. Neutrons are produced by accelerating a high-energy proton beam into a rotating helium-cooled tungsten target. These neutrons pass through moderators to reduce their energy to an appropriate range (< 5 meV for cold neutrons); two of which will use liquid hydrogen at 17 K as the moderating and cooling medium. There are several technical challenges to overcome in the design of a robust system that will operate under such conditions, not least the 20 kW of deposited heat. These challenges and the associated design solutions will be detailed in this paper.

  11. Spectral network based on component cells under the SOPHIA European project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Núñez, Rubén Antón, Ignacio; Askins, Steve; Sala, Gabriel; Domínguez, César; Voarino, Philippe; Steiner, Marc; Siefer, Gerald; Fucci, Rafaelle; Roca, Franco; Minuto, Alessandro; Morabito, Paolo

    2015-09-28

    In the frame of the European project SOPHIA, a spectral network based on component (also called isotypes) cells has been created. Among the members of this project, several spectral sensors based on component cells and collimating tubes, so-called spectroheliometers, were installed in the last years, allowing the collection of minute-resolution spectral data useful for CPV systems characterization across Europe. The use of spectroheliometers has been proved useful to establish the necessary spectral conditions to perform power rating of CPV modules and systems. If enough data in a given period of time is collected, ideally a year, it is possible to characterize spectrally the place where measurements are taken, in the same way that hours of annual irradiation can be estimated using a pyrheliometer.

  12. The European Safeguards Research and Development Association Addresses Safeguards and Nonproliferation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Janssens-Maenhout, Greet; Kusumi, R.; Daures, Pascal A.; Janssens, Willem; Dickman, Deborah A.

    2010-06-16

    The renaissance of efforts to expand the use of nuclear energy requires the parallel development of a renewed and more sophisticated work force. Growth in the nuclear sector with high standard of safety, safeguards and security requires skilled staff for design, operations, inspections etc. High-quality nuclear technology educational programs are diminished from past years, and the ability of universities to attract students and to meet future staffing requirements of the nuclear industry is becoming seriously compromised. Thus, education and training in nuclear engineering and sciences is one of the cornerstones for the nuclear sector. Teaching in the nuclear field still seems strongly influenced by national history but it is time to strengthen resources and collaborate. Moreover with the current nuclear security threats it becomes critical that nuclear technology experts master the basic principles not only of safety, but also of nuclear safeguards, nonproliferation and nuclear security. In Europe the European Nuclear Education Network (ENEN) Association has established the certificate 'European Master of Science in Nuclear Engineering (EMSNE)' as the classic nuclear engineering program covering reactor operation and nuclear safety. However, it does not include courses on nonproliferation, safeguards, or dual-use technologies. The lack of education in nuclear safeguards was tackled by the European Safeguards Research and Development Association (ESARDA), through development and implementation of safeguards course modules. Since 2005 the ESARDA Working Group, called the Training and Knowledge Management Working Group, (TKMWG) has worked with the Joint Research Centre (JRC) in Ispra, Italy to organize a Nuclear Safeguards and Nonproliferation course. This five-day course is held each spring at the JRC, and continues to show increasing interest as evidenced by the positive responses of international lecturers and students. The standard set of lectures covers a broad

  13. Performances of the TXRF Beamline for Trace Element Mapping at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Comin, F.; Barrett, R.

    2003-08-26

    The pursuit of smaller and smaller circuitry in device manufacturing imposes tight limits on the surface contamination of the wafers. TXRF, Total Reflection X-ray Fluorescence, is the leading technique in device industry for detecting surface impurities. However, laboratory equipments have reached their limit, and the common practice then for reaching the desired sensitivities of {approx}109 atoms per cm square, equivalent to 10-6 monolayers, is then to proceed to pre-concentration of the impurities. This operation erases any information on the localisation of the impurities, making much more difficult the identification of their origin. Centralised facilities based on Synchrotron Radiation extend the reach of classical TXRF machines offering new opportunities both in terms of ultimate sensitivity, lateral resolution and detectable range of elements. In this contribution we will describe a dedicated TXRF instrument operational at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility in Grenoble along with its performances, limitations and future developments.

  14. Proliferation and nonproliferation in Ukraine: Implications for European and US security. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blank, S.J.

    1994-07-01

    The author explores the background, terms, and aftermath of the January 1994 tripartite agreement among Russia, Ukraine, and the United States concerning the removal of nuclear missiles located in Ukraine after the fall of the Soviet Union. Inasmuch as Ukraine is the true Russian window on Europe and the key determinant of whether a post-Soviet empire or unitary state can be recreated, the security dilemmas it faces are significant not only to Russia and Ukraine's European neighbors, but also to the United States. The author also examines the nature of Russia's threat to Ukraine and the implications of the new agreement for U.S. policy vis-a-vis Ukraine and Russia.

  15. Analysis of advanced european nuclear fuel cycle scenarios including transmutation and economical estimates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Merino Rodriguez, I.; Alvarez-Velarde, F.; Martin-Fuertes, F.

    2013-07-01

    In this work the transition from the existing Light Water Reactors (LWR) to the advanced reactors is analyzed, including Generation III+ reactors in a European framework. Four European fuel cycle scenarios involving transmutation options have been addressed. The first scenario (i.e., reference) is the current fleet using LWR technology and open fuel cycle. The second scenario assumes a full replacement of the initial fleet with Fast Reactors (FR) burning U-Pu MOX fuel. The third scenario is a modification of the second one introducing Minor Actinide (MA) transmutation in a fraction of the FR fleet. Finally, in the fourth scenario, the LWR fleet is replaced using FR with MOX fuel as well as Accelerator Driven Systems (ADS) for MA transmutation. All scenarios consider an intermediate period of GEN-III+ LWR deployment and they extend for a period of 200 years looking for equilibrium mass flows. The simulations were made using the TR-EVOL code, a tool for fuel cycle studies developed by CIEMAT. The results reveal that all scenarios are feasible according to nuclear resources demand (U and Pu). Concerning to no transmutation cases, the second scenario reduces considerably the Pu inventory in repositories compared to the reference scenario, although the MA inventory increases. The transmutation scenarios show that elimination of the LWR MA legacy requires on one hand a maximum of 33% fraction (i.e., a peak value of 26 FR units) of the FR fleet dedicated to transmutation (MA in MOX fuel, homogeneous transmutation). On the other hand a maximum number of ADS plants accounting for 5% of electricity generation are predicted in the fourth scenario (i.e., 35 ADS units). Regarding the economic analysis, the estimations show an increase of LCOE (Levelized cost of electricity) - averaged over the whole period - with respect to the reference scenario of 21% and 29% for FR and FR with transmutation scenarios respectively, and 34% for the fourth scenario. (authors)

  16. Evaluation of European empirical methods for subsidence in US coal fields

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Munson, D.E.; Eichfeld, W.F.

    1980-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess the applicability of European subsidence methods for the emerging US longwall practice. Subsidence prediction in Europe has typically used either graphical methods (United Kingdom) or mathematical methods. The mathematical methods utilize either profile or influence functions. The graphical methods were developed in the United Kingdom (UK) by the National Coal Board (NCB) from subsidence data obtained from numerous mines. Although a large data base in the United States (US) is not available, the methods can be tested against some recent measurements of subsidence of an essentially flat deposit mined at a depth of 189 m in the Illinois Coal Basin. While the total predicted subsidence by the NCB method is approximately correct, the profile shapes are not well matched. On the other hand, the profile functions, which are fundamentally independent of orientation with respect to mining, give quite accurate representation of the measured profiles. Of the antisymmetric forms tried, a trigonometric form was slightly preferably because it predicted strains that were conservative, i.e., always somewhat greater than the measured values. These results suggest that much of the European subsidence experience is applicable to US practice. Consistent values of the parameters were found for profiles with similar initial conditions or similar orientations for two longwall panel results. It should be noted that the actual profiles were always somewhat more complex than the profile functions could adequately handle and that the development curves showed time-dependent effects as well. The magnitude of these time-dependent effects, while possibly small compared to the time-independent or instantaneous subsidence, are of importance and must eventually be incorporated into a proper analysis.

  17. The role of SEA in integrating and balancing high policy objectives in European cohesion funding programmes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jiricka, Alexandra Proebstl, Ulrike

    2013-01-15

    Funding programmes for European cohesion policy are a crucial tool to support the sustainability goals of the European Union and national policies of its member states. All these funding programmes require a Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) to enhance sustainable development. This article compares five first SEA applications at cohesion policy level to discuss challenges, limitations and benefits of this instrument. In order to support the SEA-process a 'Handbook on SEA for Cohesion Policy 2007-13' (GRDP 2006) was developed. The paper examines the special requirements and challenges at the programme level given the special conditions for stakeholder involvement, integration of SEA in the programme development process and strategies to cope with uncertainties to ensure real compatibility with policy goals. Using action research and in-depth interviews with SEA planners and programme managers enabled us to analyse the suitability of the methodology proposed by the handbook. The results show that some recommendations of the handbook should be changed in order to increase the transparency and to enhance the standard and comparability of the SEA-documents. Overall the SEA proved to be a rather successful tool for the integration of sustainability goals at the EU and national policy levels. Its particular strengths emerged as the process makes uncertainties visible and leads to possible redefinitions while maintaining actual policy goals. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Comparing five case studies of first applications of SEA at cohesion policy level. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Overall the SEA proved to be a rather successful tool for the integration of sustainability goals. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The study makes uncertainties visible and shows how SEA could lead to possible redefinitions.

  18. Research Highlight

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Different Strokes for Different Folks-Not Any More, Say Scientists at the UK Met Office Submitter: Morcrette, C. J., Met Office Bhattacharya, A., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Cloud Processes Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Morcrette CJ, EJ O'Connor, and JC Petch. 2012. "Evaluation of two cloud parametrization schemes using ARM and Cloud-Net observations." Quarterly Journal Royal Meteorological Society, 138(665), doi:10.1002/qj.969.

  19. Informed Consent for Interventional Radiology Procedures: A Survey Detailing Current European Practice

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Dwyer, H.M.; Lyon, S.M.; Fotheringham, T.; Lee, M.J.

    2003-09-15

    Purpose: Official recommendations for obtaining informed consent for interventional radiology procedures are that the patient gives their consent to the operator more than 24 hr prior to the procedure. This has significant implications for interventional radiology practice. The purpose of this study was to identify the proportion of European interventional radiologists who conform to these guidelines. Methods: A questionnaire was designed consisting of 12 questions on current working practice and opinions regarding informed consent. These questions related to where, when and by whom consent was obtained from the patient. Questions also related to the use of formal consent forms and written patient information leaflets. Respondents were asked whether they felt patients received adequate explanation regarding indications for intervention,the procedure, alternative treatment options and complications. The questionnaire was distributed to 786 European interventional radiologists who were members of interventional societies. The anonymous replies were then entered into a database and analyzed. Results: Two hundred and fifty-four (32.3%) questionnaires were returned. Institutions were classified as academic (56.7%),non-academic (40.5%) or private (2.8%). Depending on the procedure,in a significant proportion of patients consent was obtained in the outpatient department (22%), on the ward (65%) and in the radiology day case ward (25%), but in over half (56%) of patients consent or re-consent was obtained in the interventional suite. Fifty percent of respondents indicated that they obtain consent more than 24 hr before some procedures, in 42.9% consent is obtained on the morning of the procedure and 48.8% indicated that in some patients consent is obtained immediately before the procedure. We found that junior medical staff obtained consent in 58% of cases. Eighty-two percent of respondents do not use specific consent forms and 61% have patient information leaflets. The

  20. Resonant-like behaviour during edge-localised mode cycles in the Joint European Torus

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Webster, A. J.; Morris, J.; Todd, T. N.; Coad, P.; Brezinsek, S.; Likonen, J.; Rubel, M.; Collaboration: JET-EFDA Contributors

    2015-08-15

    A unique sequence of 120 almost identical plasmas in the Joint European Torus (JET) recently provided two orders of magnitude more statistically equivalent data than ever previously available. The purpose was to study movement of eroded plasma-facing material from JET's new Beryllium wall, but it has allowed the statistical detection of otherwise unobservable phenomenon. This includes a sequence of resonant-like waiting times between edge-localised plasma instabilities (ELMs), instabilities that must be mitigated or avoided in large magnetically confined plasmas such as those planned for ITER. Here, we investigate the cause of this phenomenon, using the unprecedented quantity of data to produce a detailed picture of the plasma's behaviour. After combining the data, oscillations are clearly observable in the plasma's vertical position, in edge losses of ions, and in Beryllium II (527 nm) light emissions. The oscillations are unexpected, are not obvious in data from a single pulse alone, and are all clearly correlated with each other. They are likely to be caused by a small vertical oscillation that the plasma control system is not reacting to prevent, but a more complex explanation is possible. The clearly observable but unexpected link between small changes in the plasma's position and changes to edge-plasma transport and stability suggest that these characteristics cannot always be studied in isolation. It also suggests new opportunities for ELM mitigation and control that may exist.

  1. Improved design of proton source and low energy beam transport line for European Spallation Source

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neri, L. Celona, L.; Gammino, S.; Mascali, D.; Castro, G.; Ciavola, G.; Torrisi, G.; Dipartimento di Ingegneria dellInformazione, delle Infrastrutture e dellEnergia Sostenibile, Universit Mediterranea di Reggio Calabria, Via Graziella, 89122 Reggio Calabria ; Cheymol, B.; Ponton, A.; Galat, A.; Patti, G.; Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Viale dell'universit 2, 35020 Legnaro ; Gozzo, A.; Lega, L.; Dipartimento di Ingegneria Informatica e delle Telecomunicazioni, Universit degli Studi di Catania, Viale Andrea Doria 6, 95123 Catania

    2014-02-15

    The design update of the European Spallation Source (ESS) accelerator is almost complete and the construction of the prototype of the microwave discharge ion source able to provide a proton beam current larger than 70 mA to the 3.6 MeV Radio Frequency Quadrupole (RFQ) started. The source named PS-ESS (Proton Source for ESS) was designed with a flexible magnetic system and an extraction system able to merge conservative solutions with significant advances. The ESS injector has taken advantage of recent theoretical updates and new plasma diagnostics tools developed at INFN-LNS (Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare). The design strategy considers the PS-ESS and the low energy beam transport line as a whole, where the proton beam behaves like an almost neutralized non-thermalized plasma. Innovative solutions have been used as hereinafter described. Thermo-mechanical optimization has been performed to withstand the chopped beam and the misaligned focused beam over the RFQ input collimator; the results are reported here.

  2. Reversing the brain drain from Eastern European countries: the push' and pull' factors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vizi, E.S. Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest Yeshiva Univ., New York, NY )

    1993-01-01

    A mass departure of intellectuals is going on in countries such as Poland, Russia, the Ukraine, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Bulgaria, and Romania. There is growing concern about the increasing number of intellectuals who have left, or are going to leave, these countries. The main problem is not that scientists and intellectuals are leaving to go abroad to work under better conditions - that is certainly beneficial for science as a whole. Rather, the problem occurs when they do not return. The migration of professionals, even if it is only temporary, only reflects the operation of an international market for specialized human capital. However, a minimum level of human capital is indispensable to a country's economic development. A loss of skilled human resources will ultimately have a grave impact on the economy and jeopardize development programs. There are several reasons for this migration. Top-level scientists have always been drawn to countries that offer greater attractions - facilities, salaries, career prospects, satisfaction, prestige. Drastic changes are needed in the official policy toward R D in Eastern European Countries. The atmosphere must be changed to make it more favorable for intellectual work. In addition, international agencies and governments of developed countries should help these poorer countries to reverse the brain drain. A program of Science and Technology for stability should be created in order to provide direct assistance to basic and applied scientific and technical research in these countries. 16 refs., 3 tabs.

  3. Waste heat recovery from the European Spallation Source cryogenic helium plants - implications for system design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jurns, John M.; Bäck, Harald; Gierow, Martin

    2014-01-29

    The European Spallation Source (ESS) neutron spallation project currently being designed will be built outside of Lund, Sweden. The ESS design includes three helium cryoplants, providing cryogenic cooling for the proton accelerator superconducting cavities, the target neutron source, and for the ESS instrument suite. In total, the cryoplants consume approximately 7 MW of electrical power, and will produce approximately 36 kW of refrigeration at temperatures ranging from 2-16 K. Most of the power consumed by the cryoplants ends up as waste heat, which must be rejected. One hallmark of the ESS design is the goal to recycle waste heat from ESS to the city of Lund district heating system. The design of the cooling system must optimize the delivery of waste heat from ESS to the district heating system and also assure the efficient operation of ESS systems. This report outlines the cooling scheme for the ESS cryoplants, and examines the effect of the cooling system design on cryoplant design, availability and operation.

  4. Biological and Environmental Research: Climate and Environmental Sciences Division: U.S./European Workshop on Climate Change Challenges and Observations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mather, James; McCord, Raymond; Sisterson, Doug; Voyles, Jimmy

    2012-11-08

    The workshop aimed to identify outstanding climate change science questions and the observational strategies for addressing them. The scientific focus was clouds, aerosols, and precipitation, and the required ground- and aerial-based observations. The workshop findings will be useful input for setting priorities within the Department of Energy (DOE) and the participating European centers. This joint workshop was envisioned as the first step in enhancing the collaboration among these climate research activities needed to better serve the science community.

  5. Performance testing of HEPA filters: Progress towards a European standard procedure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dyment, J.

    1997-08-01

    Proposals for a future European testing procedure for {open_quotes}High Efficiency Particulate Air Filters (HEPA and ULPA){close_quotes} are being developed by CEN (Comite Europeen de Normalisation). The new standard will be given the status of national standard in participating countries, conflicting national standards being withdrawn. The standard will comprise 5 parts covering the grouping and classification of HEPA and ULPA filters according to their efficiency, fundamental principles of testing, marking etc (in part 1). Part 2 will cover aerosol production, measurement principles, counting equipment and statistics. Parts 3-5 will cover testing flat sheet media, leak testing of filter elements and the efficiency testing of filter elements respectively. The efficiency test methods allow the use of either homogeneous monodisperse or polydisperse aerosols for the determination of particulate filtration efficiencies as a function of particle size. The particle size at which maximum penetration occurs is first determined in flat sheet media tests; tests on filter elements (constructed using the same filter medium) may be carried out using either a homogeneous monodisperse aerosol of the size at which maximum penetration occurs (MPPS) or a polydisperse aerosol whose median size is close to the MPPS. Tests with monodisperse aerosols may be conducted using condensation nucleus counting equipment; tests using polydisperse test aerosols require the use of optical sizing particle counters. When determining the efficiency of filter elements the downstream aerosol concentrations may be determined from air samples obtained using either an overall method (single point sampling after mixing) or a scan method. The scan method also allows {open_quotes}local{close_quotes} efficiency values to be determined. 1 ref., 1 fig., 1 tab.

  6. Accuracy of the European solar water heater test procedure. Part 1: Measurement errors and parameter estimates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rabl, A.; Leide, B. ); Carvalho, M.J.; Collares-Pereira, M. ); Bourges, B.

    1991-01-01

    The Collector and System Testing Group (CSTG) of the European Community has developed a procedure for testing the performance of solar water heaters. This procedure treats a solar water heater as a black box with input-output parameters that are determined by all-day tests. In the present study the authors carry out a systematic analysis of the accuracy of this procedure, in order to answer the question: what tolerances should one impose for the measurements and how many days of testing should one demand under what meteorological conditions, in order to be able to quarantee a specified maximum error for the long term performance The methodology is applicable to other test procedures as well. The present paper (Part 1) examines the measurement tolerances of the current version of the procedure and derives a priori estimates of the errors of the parameters; these errors are then compared with the regression results of the Round Robin test series. The companion paper (Part 2) evaluates the consequences for the accuracy of the long term performance prediction. The authors conclude that the CSTG test procedure makes it possible to predict the long term performance with standard errors around 5% for sunny climates (10% for cloudy climates). The apparent precision of individual test sequences is deceptive because of large systematic discrepancies between different sequences. Better results could be obtained by imposing tighter control on the constancy of the cold water supply temperature and on the environment of the test, the latter by enforcing the recommendation for the ventilation of the collector.

  7. Wind Technology, Cost, and Performance Trends in Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Norway, the European Union, and the United States: 2007 - 2012; NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hand, Maureen

    2015-06-15

    This presentation provides a summary of IEA Wind Task 26 report on Wind Technology, Cost, and Performance Trends in Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Norway, the European Union, and the United States: 2007-2012

  8. The use of negotiated agreements to improve efficiency of end-use appliances: First results from the European experience

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bertoldi, P.; Bowie, R.; Hagen, L.

    1998-07-01

    The European Union is pursuing measures to improve end-use equipment efficiency through a variety of policy instruments, in particular for domestic appliances. One of the most effective methods to achieve market transformation is through minimum efficiency performance standards (MEPS). However, after the difficulties and controversy following the adoption of legislation for MEPS for domestic refrigerators/freezers, a new policy instrument, i.e. negotiated agreements by manufacturers, has been investigated and tested for two type of appliances: domestic washing machines and TVs and VCRs. Based on the positive experience of the above two agreements, other products (e.g. dryers, dishwasher, electric water heaters, etc.) will be the subject of future negotiated agreements. Based on the results of the two negotiated agreements, this paper describes the energy efficiency potential, the procedures, and the advantages and disadvantages of negotiated agreements compared to legislated mandatory for MEPS, as developed in the European context. The paper concludes that negotiated agreements are a viable policy option, which allow flexibility in the implementation of the efficiency targets and therefore the adoption of cost-effective solutions for manufacturers. In addition, negotiated agreements can be implemented more quickly compared to mandatory MEPS and they allow a closer monitoring of the results. The main question asked in the paper is whether the negotiated agreements can deliver the results in the long term compared to what could be achieved through legislation. The European experience indicates that this instrument can deliver the results and that it offer a number of advantages compared to MEPS.

  9. The European land and inland water CO2, CO, CH4 and N2O balance between 2001 and 2005

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luyassaert, S; Abril, G; Andres, Robert Joseph; Bastviken, D; Bellassen, V; Bergamaschi, P; Bousquet, P; Chevallier, F; Ciais, P.; Dechow, R; Erb, K-H; Etiope, G; Fortems-Cheiney, A; Grassi, G; Hartmann, J; Jung, M.; Lathiere, J; Lohila, A; Mayorga, E; Moosdorf, N; Njakou, D; Otto, J; Papale, D.; Peters, W; Peylin, P; Raymond, Peter A; Rodenbeck, C; Saarnio, S; Schulze, E.-D.; Szopa, S; Thompson, R; Verkerk, P; Vuichard, N; Wang, R; Wattenbach, M; Zaehle, S

    2012-01-01

    Globally, terrestrial ecosystems have absorbed about 30% of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions over the period 2000-2007 and inter-hemispheric gradients indicate that a significant fraction of terrestrial carbon sequestration must be north of the Equator. We present a compilation of the CO{sub 2}, CO, CH{sub 4} and N{sub 2}O balances of Europe following a dual constraint approach in which (1) a land-based balance derived mainly from ecosystem carbon inventories and (2) a land-based balance derived from flux measurements are compared to (3) the atmospheric data-based balance derived from inversions constrained by measurements of atmospheric GHG (greenhouse gas) concentrations. Good agreement between the GHG balances based on fluxes (1294 {+-} 545 Tg C in CO{sub 2}-eq yr{sup -1}), inventories (1299 {+-} 200 Tg C in CO{sub 2}-eq yr{sup -1}) and inversions (1210 {+-} 405 Tg C in CO{sub 2}-eq yr{sup -1}) increases our confidence that the processes underlying the European GHG budget are well understood and reasonably sampled. However, the uncertainty remains large and largely lacks formal estimates. Given that European net land to atmosphere exchanges are determined by a few dominant fluxes, the uncertainty of these key components needs to be formally estimated before efforts could be made to reduce the overall uncertainty. The net land-to-atmosphere flux is a net source for CO{sub 2}, CO, CH{sub 4} and N{sub 2}O, because the anthropogenic emissions by far exceed the biogenic sink strength. The dual-constraint approach confirmed that the European biogenic sink removes as much as 205 {+-} 72 Tg C yr{sup -1} from fossil fuel burning from the atmosphere. However, This C is being sequestered in both terrestrial and inland aquatic ecosystems. If the C-cost for ecosystem management is taken into account, the net uptake of ecosystems is estimated to decrease by 45% but still indicates substantial C-sequestration. However, when the balance is extended from CO{sub 2} towards

  10. Artium mater in relativistic astrophysics : New perspectives for a European-Latin American PhD program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chardonnet, Pascal

    2015-12-17

    Following the successful scientific space missions by the European Space Agency (ESA) and the European Southern Observatory (ESO) in Chile, as well as the high-energy particle activities at CERN in Genve, we have created a Ph.D. program dedicated to the formation of scientists in the field of relativistic astrophysics. The students of such a program will lead the theoretical developments of one of the most active fields of research, based on the above observational and experimental facilities. This program needs expertise in the most advanced topics of mathematical and theoretical physics, and in relativistic field theories. It requires the ability to model the observational data received from the above facilities, as well as all the basic knowledge in astronomy, astrophysics and cosmology. This activity is necessarily international, no single university can cover the broad expertises. From this, the proposed program of the IRAP Ph.D., in one of the youngest and most dynamical French universities, pole of research and teaching in the Euro-Mediterranean region (PRES): the University of Nice. It benefits from the presence of the astrophysics research institute of Observatoire de la Cte d’Azur involved in relativistic and non-photonic astrophysics. The participation of the Freie Universitaet Berlin, Oldenburg and Bremen Universities and of the Einstein Institute in Potsdam offers the possibility of teaching in relativistic field theories at the highest level. The University of Savoy offers the link to the particle physics at CERN. The activities at the University of Rome, at Stockholm University and at ICRANet offer teaching programs in all the fields of relativistic astrophysics, including cosmology, the physics of gravitational collapse, gamma-ray bursts, and black hole physics. Finally, the University of Ferrara will be present with lectures and researches in the topics they have pioneered such as x-ray astrophysics and observational cosmology. Through ICRANet

  11. Correlation testing of the European EMA (Engine Manufacturers Association) round-robin engine (Daimler-Benz OM 366a). Heavy-duty engine testing report. Technical report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baines, T.M.

    1987-12-01

    This report examines the results of testing the Daimler-Benz OM 366 A heavy-duty engine at the Environmental Protection Agency Motor Vehicle Emission Laboratory. This heavy-duty engine was tested for the purpose of providing correlation data for the comparison with similar data developed by European Engine Manufacturers (EMA). The European EMA members organized a round robin testing program and decided to test a Daimler-Benz OM 366A engine, and to focus the program on gathering simple cold start/hot start Federal Test Procedure data. The report includes the results of the tests, including engine description, fuels, test procedures and test plans.

  12. Accuracy of the European solar water heater test procedure. Part 2: Prediction of long-term performance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rabl, A. ); Carvalho, M.J.; Collares-Pereira, M. ); Bourges, B.

    1991-01-01

    This paper continues the evaluation of the European test procedure for solar water heaters, by considering what consequences the errors of the parameters (derived in Part 1, the companion paper) will have for the prediction of the long-term performance. A simple criterion is derived for the required length of the test period, as a function of climatic variables and desired accuracy of the long-term performance prediction. Typically a duration of 10 to 50 days will suffice. Since the actual conditions during a test cannot be foreseen, it will be more efficient to calculate the error of the long-term performance prediction on line at the end of each test day and terminate the series whenever acceptable accuracy is reached.

  13. Trip report: European Communities 1989 International Conference on Decommissioning of Nuclear Installations, Brussels, Belgium, October 24-27, 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rankin, W.N.

    1989-01-01

    The European community is conducting research on the decommissioning of nuclear installations. The prime objective is to develop effective techniques to ensure the protection of man and his environment against the potential hazards of nuclear installations that have been shut down. The results of the 1979--1983 research program were presented in a conference held in Luxembourg. This program was primarily concerned with decommissioning nuclear power plants. The 1984--1988 program was extended to all types of nuclear installations. Fuel fabrication, enrichment and reprocessing plants, and research and development facilities having fulfilled their useful purposes are also awaiting decommissioning. This Program has produced numerous scientific and technical achievements. Great progress has in particular been achieved in the reduction of metal waste arising from decommissioning, due to advances in areas such as the development of aggressive decontamination procedures and of techniques for melting and recycling low-level radioactive waste metal.

  14. A comprehensive simulation framework for imaging single particles and biomolecules at the European X-ray Free-Electron Laser

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Yoon, Chun Hong; Yurkov, Mikhail V.; Schneidmiller, Evgeny A.; Samoylova, Liubov; Buzmakov, Alexey; Jurek, Zoltan; Ziaja, Beata; Santra, Robin; Loh, N. Duane; Tschentscher, Thomas; et al

    2016-04-25

    The advent of newer, brighter, and more coherent X-ray sources, such as X-ray Free-Electron Lasers (XFELs), represents a tremendous growth in the potential to apply coherent X-rays to determine the structure of materials from the micron-scale down to the Angstrom-scale. There is a significant need for a multi-physics simulation framework to perform source-to-detector simulations for a single particle imaging experiment, including (i) the multidimensional simulation of the X-ray source; (ii) simulation of the wave-optics propagation of the coherent XFEL beams; (iii) atomistic modelling of photon-material interactions; (iv) simulation of the time-dependent diffraction process, including incoherent scattering; (v) assembling noisy andmore » incomplete diffraction intensities into a three-dimensional data set using the Expansion-Maximisation-Compression (EMC) algorithm and (vi) phase retrieval to obtain structural information. Furthermore, we demonstrate the framework by simulating a single-particle experiment for a nitrogenase iron protein using parameters of the SPB/SFX instrument of the European XFEL. This exercise demonstrably yields interpretable consequences for structure determination that are crucial yet currently unavailable for experiment design.« less

  15. Phillips-Tikhonov regularization with a priori information for neutron emission tomographic reconstruction on Joint European Torus

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bielecki, J.; Scholz, M.; Drozdowicz, K.; Giacomelli, L.; Kiptily, V.; Kempenaars, M.; Conroy, S.; Craciunescu, T.; Collaboration: EUROfusion Consortium, JET, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon OX14 3DB

    2015-09-15

    A method of tomographic reconstruction of the neutron emissivity in the poloidal cross section of the Joint European Torus (JET, Culham, UK) tokamak was developed. Due to very limited data set (two projection angles, 19 lines of sight only) provided by the neutron emission profile monitor (KN3 neutron camera), the reconstruction is an ill-posed inverse problem. The aim of this work consists in making a contribution to the development of reliable plasma tomography reconstruction methods that could be routinely used at JET tokamak. The proposed method is based on Phillips-Tikhonov regularization and incorporates a priori knowledge of the shape of normalized neutron emissivity profile. For the purpose of the optimal selection of the regularization parameters, the shape of normalized neutron emissivity profile is approximated by the shape of normalized electron density profile measured by LIDAR or high resolution Thomson scattering JET diagnostics. In contrast with some previously developed methods of ill-posed plasma tomography reconstruction problem, the developed algorithms do not include any post-processing of the obtained solution and the physical constrains on the solution are imposed during the regularization process. The accuracy of the method is at first evaluated by several tests with synthetic data based on various plasma neutron emissivity models (phantoms). Then, the method is applied to the neutron emissivity reconstruction for JET D plasma discharge #85100. It is demonstrated that this method shows good performance and reliability and it can be routinely used for plasma neutron emissivity reconstruction on JET.

  16. Tomographic analysis of neutron and gamma pulse shape distributions from liquid scintillation detectors at Joint European Torus

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Giacomelli, L.; Department of Physics, Universit degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca, Milano ; Conroy, S.; Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Uppsala ; Gorini, G.; Horton, L.; Murari, A.; Popovichev, S.; Syme, D. B.

    2014-02-15

    The Joint European Torus (JET, Culham, UK) is the largest tokamak in the world devoted to nuclear fusion experiments of magnetic confined Deuterium (D)/Deuterium-Tritium (DT) plasmas. Neutrons produced in these plasmas are measured using various types of neutron detectors and spectrometers. Two of these instruments on JET make use of organic liquid scintillator detectors. The neutron emission profile monitor implements 19 liquid scintillation counters to detect the 2.45 MeV neutron emission from D plasmas. A new compact neutron spectrometer is operational at JET since 2010 to measure the neutron energy spectra from both D and DT plasmas. Liquid scintillation detectors are sensitive to both neutron and gamma radiation but give light responses of different decay time such that pulse shape discrimination techniques can be applied to identify the neutron contribution of interest from the data. The most common technique consists of integrating the radiation pulse shapes within different ranges of their rising and/or trailing edges. In this article, a step forward in this type of analysis is presented. The method applies a tomographic analysis of the 3-dimensional neutron and gamma pulse shape and pulse height distribution data obtained from liquid scintillation detectors such that n/? discrimination can be improved to lower energies and additional information can be gained on neutron contributions to the gamma events and vice versa.

  17. Bayesian Inference for Time Trends in Parameter Values: Case Study for the Ageing PSA Network of the European Commission

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dana L. Kelly; Albert Malkhasyan

    2010-06-01

    There is a nearly ubiquitous assumption in PSA that parameter values are at least piecewise-constant in time. As a result, Bayesian inference tends to incorporate many years of plant operation, over which there have been significant changes in plant operational and maintenance practices, plant management, etc. These changes can cause significant changes in parameter values over time; however, failure to perform Bayesian inference in the proper time-dependent framework can mask these changes. Failure to question the assumption of constant parameter values, and failure to perform Bayesian inference in the proper time-dependent framework were noted as important issues in NUREG/CR-6813, performed for the U. S. Nuclear Regulatory Commissions Advisory Committee on Reactor Safeguards in 2003. That report noted that industry lacks tools to perform time-trend analysis with Bayesian updating. This paper describes an application of time-dependent Bayesian inference methods developed for the European Commission Ageing PSA Network. These methods utilize open-source software, implementing Markov chain Monte Carlo sampling. The paper also illustrates the development of a generic prior distribution, which incorporates multiple sources of generic data via weighting factors that address differences in key influences, such as vendor, component boundaries, conditions of the operating environment, etc.

  18. Processes and properties of edge-localised instabilities in 2T 2MA plasmas in the Joint European Torus

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Webster, A. J. Webster, S. J.

    2014-11-15

    During July 2012, 150 almost identical H-mode plasmas were consecutively created in the Joint European Torus, providing a combined total of approximately 8 minutes of steady-state plasma with 15?000 Edge Localised Modes (ELMs). In principle, each of those 15?000 ELMs are statistically equivalent. Here, the changes in edge density and plasma energy associated with those ELMs are explored, using the spikes in Beryllium II (527?nm) radiation as an indicator for the onset of an ELM. Clearly different timescales are observed during the ELM process. Edge temperature falls over a 2?ms timescale, edge density and pressure fall over a 5?ms timescale, and there is an additional 10?ms timescale that is consistent with a resistive relaxation of the plasma's edge. The statistical properties of the energy and density losses due to the ELMs are explored. For these plasmas the ELM energy (?E) is found to be approximately independent of the time between ELMs, despite the average ELM energy (??E?) and average ELM frequency (f) being consistent with the scaling of ??E??1/f. Instead, beyond the first 0.02 s of waiting time between ELMs, the energy losses due to individual ELMs are found to be statistically the same. Surprisingly no correlation is found between the energies of consecutive ELMs either. A weak link is found between the density drop and the ELM waiting time. Consequences of these results for ELM control and modelling are discussed.

  19. McICA_update_v2.cdr

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Monte Carlo Independent Column Approximation (McICA): Up and Running in North America and Europe H. W. Barker J. N. S. Cole J.-J. Morcrette R. Pincus P. Räisänen MSC UBC ECMWF NOAA-UC FMI Monte Carlo Independent Column Approximation (McICA): Up and Running in North America and Europe H. W. Barker J. N. S. Cole J.-J. Morcrette R. Pincus P. Räisänen MSC UBC ECMWF NOAA-UC FMI Funding Announcement (spring 2007): "The goal of the ARM program is ... to improve the representation of clouds and

  20. How to mitigate impacts of wind farms on bats? A review of potential conservation measures in the European context

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peste, Filipa; Paula, Anabela; Silva, Luís P. da; Bernardino, Joana; Pereira, Pedro; Mascarenhas, Miguel; Costa, Hugo; Vieira, José; Bastos, Carlos; Pereira, Maria João Ramos

    2015-02-15

    Wind energy is growing worldwide as a source of power generation. Bat assemblages may be negatively affected by wind farms due to the fatality of a significant number of individuals after colliding with the moving turbines or experiencing barotrauma. The implementation of wind farms should follow standard procedures to prevent such negative impacts: avoid, reduce and offset, in what is known as the mitigation hierarchy. According to this approach avoiding impacts is the priority, followed by the minimisation of the identified impacts, and finally, when residual negative impacts still remain, those must be offset or at least compensated. This paper presents a review on conservation measures for bats and presents some guidelines within the compensation scenario, focusing on negative impacts that remain after avoidance and minimisation measures. The conservation strategies presented aim at the improvement of the ecological conditions for the bat assemblage as a whole. While developed under the European context, the proposed measures are potentially applicable elsewhere, taking into consideration the specificity of each region in terms of bat assemblages present, landscape features and policy context regarding nature and biodiversity conservation and management. An analysis of potential opportunities and constraints arising from the implementation of offset/compensation programmes and gaps in the current knowledge is also considered. - Highlights: • Wind energy impacts bat populations in ways not yet fully understood. • As the use of windfarms is growing worldwide greater impacts on bat populations are also expected. • Mitigation hierarchy provides a way to reduce impacts from new wind farm facilities. • Compensation measures may be used to reduce the residual effects on bat populations. • Identify bats ecological needs and compensate according to the existing surroundings.

  1. European Cosmic Ray Symposium

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25

    13me Symposium qui se déroule du 27 au 31 juillet pour la première fois au Cern. Brian Pattison ouvre la cérémonie et donne la parole à Dr.Ugland (qui représente le DG C.Rubbia excusé) et d'autres intervenants

  2. Integrated simulations of saturated neoclassical tearing modes in DIII-D, Joint European Torus, and ITER plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Halpern, Federico D.; Bateman, Glenn; Kritz, Arnold H.

    2006-06-15

    A revised version of the ISLAND module [C. N. Nguyen et al., Phys. Plasmas 11, 3604 (2004)] is used in the BALDUR code [C. E. Singer et al., Comput. Phys. Commun. 49, 275 (1988)] to carry out integrated modeling simulations of DIII-D [J. Luxon, Nucl. Fusion 42, 614 (2002)], Joint European Torus (JET) [P. H. Rebut et al., Nucl. Fusion 25, 1011 (1985)], and ITER [R. Aymar et al., Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion 44, 519 (2002)] tokamak discharges in order to investigate the adverse effects of multiple saturated magnetic islands driven by neoclassical tearing modes (NTMs). Simulations are carried out with a predictive model for the temperature and density pedestal at the edge of the high confinement mode (H-mode) plasma and with core transport described using the Multi-Mode model. The ISLAND module, which is used to compute magnetic island widths, includes the effects of an arbitrary aspect ratio and plasma cross sectional shape, the effect of the neoclassical bootstrap current, and the effect of the distortion in the shape of each magnetic island caused by the radial variation of the perturbed magnetic field. Radial transport is enhanced across the width of each magnetic island within the BALDUR integrated modeling simulations in order to produce a self-consistent local flattening of the plasma profiles. It is found that the main consequence of the NTM magnetic islands is a decrease in the central plasma temperature and total energy. For the DIII-D and JET discharges, it is found that inclusion of the NTMs typically results in a decrease in total energy of the order of 15%. In simulations of ITER, it is found that the saturated magnetic island widths normalized by the plasma minor radius, for the lowest order individual tearing modes, are approximately 24% for the 2/1 mode and 12% for the 3/2 mode. As a result, the ratio of ITER fusion power to heating power (fusion Q) is reduced from Q=10.6 in simulations with no NTM islands to Q=2.6 in simulations with fully saturated

  3. IEA Wind Task 26. Wind Technology, Cost, and Performance Trends in Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Norway, the European Union, and the United States: 2007–2012

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vitina, Aisma; Lüers, Silke; Wallasch, Anna-Kathrin; Berkhout, Volker; Duffy, Aidan; Cleary, Brendan; Husabø, Lief I.; Weir, David E.; Lacal-Arántegui, Roberto; Hand, Maureen; Lantz, Eric; Belyeu, Kathy; Wiser, Ryan H; Bolinger, Mark; Hoen, Ben

    2015-06-01

    The International Energy Agency Implementing Agreement for cooperation in Research, Development, and Deployment of Wind Energy Systems (IEA Wind) Task 26—The Cost of Wind Energy represents an international collaboration dedicated to exploring past, present and future cost of wind energy. This report provides an overview of recent trends in wind plant technology, cost, and performance in those countries that are currently represented by participating organizations in IEA Wind Task 26: Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Norway, and the United States as well as the European Union.

  4. A Request for Planning Funds for a Research and Study Abroad Facility in Geneva, Switzerland in Affiliation with the European Laboratory for Particle Physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    campbell, myron

    2013-03-31

    To create a research and study abroad program that would allow U.S. undergraduate students access to the world-leading research facilities at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), the World Health Organization, various operations of the United Nations and other international organizations based in Geneva.The proposal is based on the unique opportunities currently existing in Geneva. The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is now operational at CERN, data are being collected, and research results are already beginning to emerge. At the same time, a related reduction of activity at U.S. facilities devoted to particle physics is expected. In addition, the U.S. higher-education community has an ever-increasing focus on international organizations dealing with world health pandemics, arms control and human rights, a nexus also centered in Geneva.

  5. NESC VII European project: demonstration of warm pre-stressing effect in biaxial loading conditions - Bending tests on 18MND5 cruciform specimens and their interpretation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jacquemoud, C.; Yuritzinn, T.; Marie, S.

    2012-07-01

    In the framework of the NESC VII European project, a large experimental program has been dedicated to characterize the Warm Pre-Stressing (WPS) effect in different testing configurations. One of the CEA (France) contributions to this project is the realization of five point bending tests on large cruciform specimens considering different WPS loading cycles. The five cruciform specimens, sponsored by EDF (France) and IRSN (France), are made of 18MND5 steel. Two of them have been tested on a same LCF (Load-Cool-Fracture) loading cycle and two others on the same LCTF (Load-Cool-Transient-Fracture) loading cycle. The experimental results presented in this paper give a successful demonstration of the WPS effect in biaxial loading conditions either on a LCF or on a LCTF cycle. During the test interpretations, different models have then been tested and compared in order to evaluate their ability to predict the cleavage fracture in the case of different WPS loading cycles. They all provide very conservative predictions whatever loading cycle is concerned. (authors)

  6. (Tenth symposium on microdosimetry, Rome, Italy; Department of Energy/Commission of European Communities workshop, Rome, Italy; and visit to Neuherberg, W. Germany, May 21--June 3, 1989): Foreign trip report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wright, H.A.

    1989-06-15

    Report of Harvel A. Wright, to participate in the Tenth Symposium on Microdosimetry in Rome, Italy, May 21-26, 1989; to participate in a Department of Energy/Commission of European Communities (DOE/CEC) Workshop on Long-Term Research Needs and Priorities in Microdosimetry, held in Rome following the microdosimetry symposium; and to visit the Gesellschaft fur Strahlen- and Umweltforschung (GSF) in Neuherberg, FRG, to carry out collaborative research with Dr. H.G. Paretzke.

  7. Adaptation of methodology to select structural alternatives of one-way slab in residential building to the guidelines of the European Committee for Standardization (CEN/TC 350)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fraile-Garcia, Esteban; Ferreiro-Cabello, Javier; Martinez-Camara, Eduardo; Jimenez-Macias, Emilio

    2015-11-15

    The European Committee for Standardization (CEN) through its Technical Committee CEN/TC-350 is developing a series of standards for assessing the building sustainability, at both product and building levels. The practical application of the selection (decision making) of structural alternatives made by one-way slabs leads to an intermediate level between the product and the building. Thus the present study addresses this problem of decision making, following the CEN guidelines and incorporating relevant aspects of architectural design into residential construction. A life cycle assessment (LCA) is developed in order to obtain valid information for the decision making process (the LCA was developed applying CML methodology although Ecoindicator99 was used in order to facilitate the comparison of the values); this information (the carbon footprint values) is contrasted with other databases and with the information from the Environmental Product Declaration (EPD) of one of the lightening materials (expanded polystyrene), in order to validate the results. Solutions of different column disposition and geometries are evaluated in the three pillars of sustainable construction on residential construction: social, economic and environmental. The quantitative analysis of the variables used in this study enables and facilitates an objective comparison in the design stage by a responsible technician; the application of the proposed methodology reduces the possible solutions to be evaluated by the expert to 12.22% of the options in the case of low values of the column index and to 26.67% for the highest values. - Highlights: • Methodology for selection of structural alternatives in buildings with one-way slabs • Adapted to CEN guidelines (CEN/TC-350) for assessing the building sustainability • LCA is developed in order to obtain valid information for the decision making process. • Results validated comparing carbon footprint, databases and Env. Product Declarations

  8. VPP EXPANDING THROUGHOUT EUROPEAN UNION

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    WASHINGTON – Recently, the Acting Assistant Secretary of Labor for the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) made an important announcement regarding OSHA's Voluntary Protection Program (VPP). He announced that General Electric's (GE) Infrastructure-Security facility in Dublin, Ireland, was the first site accepted into Ireland's VPP Program.

  9. European Wind Energy Conference Exhibition

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Van Dam et. al. 5-7, have investigated, both computationally with CFD investigations and ... Figure 2. Microtab concept based on Kutta Condition (van Dam 18) The specific microtab ...

  10. LHC, le Big Bang en éprouvette

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06

    Notre compréhension de l?Univers est en train de changer? Bar des Sciences - Tout public Débat modéré par Marie-Odile Montchicourt, journaliste de France Info. Evenement en vidéoconférence entre le Globe de la science et de l?innovation, le bar le Baloard de Montpellier et la Maison des Métallos à Paris. Intervenants au CERN : Philippe Charpentier et Daniel Froideveaux, physiciens au CERN. Intervenants à Paris : Vincent Bontemps, philosophe et chercheur au CEA ; Jacques Arnould, philosophe, historien des sciences et théologien, Jean-Jacques Beineix, réalisateur, producteur, scénariste de cinéma. Intervenants à Montpellier (LPTA) : André Neveu, physicien théoricien et directeur de recherche au CNRS ; Gilbert Moultaka, physicien théoricien et chargé de recherche au CNRS. Partenariat : CERN, CEA, IN2P3, Université MPL2 (LPTA) Dans le cadre de la Fête de la science 2008

  11. The Danish contribution to the European DEMOCOPHES project: A description of cadmium, cotinine and mercury levels in Danish mother-child pairs and the perspectives of supplementary sampling and measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mørck, Thit A.; Nielsen, Flemming; Nielsen, Jeanette K.S.; Jensen, Janne F.; Hansen, Pernille W.; Hansen, Anne K.; Christoffersen, Lea N.; Siersma, Volkert D.; Larsen, Ida H.; Hohlmann, Linette K.; Skaanild, Mette T.; Frederiksen, Hanne; Biot, Pierre; Casteleyn, Ludwine; Kolossa-Gehring, Marike; Schwedler, Gerda; Castaño, Argelia; Angerer, Jürgen; Koch, Holger M.; Esteban, Marta; and others

    2015-08-15

    Human biomonitoring (HBM) is an important tool, increasingly used for measuring true levels of the body burdens of environmental chemicals in the general population. In Europe, a harmonized HBM program was needed to open the possibility to compare levels across borders. To explore the prospect of a harmonized European HBM project, DEMOCOPHES (DEMOnstration of a study to COordinate and Perform Human biomonitoring on a European Scale) was completed in 17 European countries. The basic measurements performed in all implemented countries of DEMOCOPHES included cadmium, cotinine and phthalate metabolites in urine and mercury in hair. In the Danish participants, significant correlations between mothers and children for mercury in hair and cotinine in urine were found. Mercury in hair was further significantly associated with intake of fish and area of residence. Cadmium was positively associated with BMI in mothers and an association between cadmium and cotinine was also found. As expected high cotinine levels were found in smoking mothers. For both mercury and cadmium significantly higher concentrations were found in the mothers compared to their children. In Denmark, the DEMOCOPHES project was co-financed by the Danish ministries of health, environment and food safety. The co-financing ministries agreed to finance a number of supplementary measurements of substances of current toxicological, public and regulatory interest. This also included blood sampling from the participants. The collected urine and blood samples were analyzed for a range of other persistent and non-persistent environmental chemicals as well as two biomarkers of effect. The variety of supplementary measurements gives the researchers further information on the exposure status of the participants and creates a basis for valuable knowledge on the pattern of exposure to various chemicals. - Highlights: • Levels of cadmium, mercury and cotinine in the Danish subpopulation are comparable to levels in the

  12. Research Highlight

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    A Finer Mesh to Improve Cloud Representation in Climate Models? Submitter: Bhattacharya, A., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Cloud Processes Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Boutle IA, SJ Abel, PG Hill, and CJ Morcrette. 2013. "Spatial variability of liquid cloud and rain: observations and microphysical effects." Quarterly Journal Royal Meteorological Society, , doi:10.1002/qj.2140. Different sizes of water droplets as well as varying water

  13. Research Highlight

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Regime Analysis to Identify the Contribution of Clouds to Surface Temperature Errors in GCMs Submitter: Van Weverberg, K., Met Office Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Van Weverberg K, CJ Morcrette, H Ma, SA Klein, and JC Petch. 2015. "Using regime analysis to identify the contribution of clouds to surface temperature errors in weather and climate models." Quarterly Journal Royal

  14. Research Highlight

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Towards Retrieving Critical Relative Humidity from Ground-based Remote-sensing Observations PI Contact: Van Weverberg, K., Met Office Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Van Weverberg K, IA Boutle, CJ Morcrette, and RK Newsom. 2016. "Towards retrieving critical relative humidity from ground-based remote-sensing observations." Quarterly Journal Royal Meteorological Society, , doi:

  15. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The Monte Carlo Independent Column Approximation (McICA) Barker, H.W.(a), Pincus, R.(b), and Morcrette, J.-J.(c), Meteorological Service of Canada (a), NOAA (b), ECMWF (c) Thirteenth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting Within the existing paradigm of modelling radiative transfer for large-scale atmospheric models (LSAMs), assumptions about the nature of subgrid-scale cloud structure are woven inextricably into the fabric of the radiative transfer solver. This makes for

  16. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Using ARM SGP Data to Evaluate the Summertime Boundary Layer in the ECMWF Model Cheinet, S.(a), Jakob, C.(b), and Morcrette, J.-J.(a), ECMWF (a), BMRC (b) In summertime, sub-tropical continental boundary layers are crucially affected by dry, shallow cumulus and deep precipitating convections. Site measurements allow continuous and high resolution measurements of many aspects of the boundary layer properties. They are thus particularly adapted to evaluate the representation of these various

  17. European Wind Atlas: Offshore | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    URI: cleanenergysolutions.orgcontenteuropean-wind-atlas-offshore,http:c Language: English Policies: Deployment Programs DeploymentPrograms: Technical Assistance This...

  18. European Wind Atlas: Onshore | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    URI: cleanenergysolutions.orgcontenteuropean-wind-atlas-onshore,http:cl Language: English Policies: Deployment Programs DeploymentPrograms: Technical Assistance This...

  19. European Wind Atlas: France | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    URI: cleanenergysolutions.orgcontenteuropean-wind-atlas-france,http:cle Language: English Policies: Deployment Programs DeploymentPrograms: Technical Assistance This...

  20. Thermoelectric Activities of European Community within Framework...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Bulk Materials and Device Development Overview of Fraunhofer IPM Activities in High Temperature Bulk Materials and Device Development Automotive Thermoelectric Generators and HVAC

  1. European Energy A S | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Denmark Sector: Renewable Energy, Solar, Wind energy Product: Denmark-based independent power producer group specializing in renewable energy. The firm's main focus is on the...

  2. European Environment Agency | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    6 1050 Place: Copenhagen, Denmark Phone Number: (+45) 33 36 71 00 Website: www.eea.europa.eu Coordinates: 55.6811436, 12.5866457 Show Map Loading map......

  3. European Green Vehicles Initiative | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    infrastructure needed to achieve breakthroughs in the use of renewable and non-polluting energy sources, safety, and traffic fluidity. LEDSGP green logo.png This tool is included...

  4. European Strategy for Future Neutrino Physics

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06

    A workshop to discuss the possibilities for future neutrino investigations in Europe and the links to CERN.

  5. The European scene regarding spallation neutron sources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bauer, G.S.

    1996-06-01

    In Europe, a short pulse spallation neutron source, ISIS, has been operating for over 10 years, working its way up to a beam power level of 200 kW. A continuous source, SINQ, designed for a beam power of up to 1 MW, is scheduled to start operating at the end of 1996, and a detailed feasibility study has been completed for a 410 kW short pulse source, AUSTRON. Each of these sources seems to have settled for a target concept which is at or near the limits of its feasibility: The ISIS depleted uranium plate targets, heavy water cooled and Zircaloy clad, have so far not shown satisfactory service time and operation is likely to continue with a Ta-plate target, which, in the past has been used successfully for the equivalent of one full-beam-year before it was taken out of service due to degrading thermal properties. SINQ will initially use a rod target, made of Zircaloy only, but plans exist to move on to clad lead rods as quickly as possible. Apart from the not yet explored effect of hydrogen and helium production, there are also concerns about the generation of 7-Be in the cooling water from the spallation of oxygen, which might result in undesirably high radioactivity in the cooling plant room. A Liquid metal target, also under investigation for SINQ, would not only reduce this problem to a level of about 10 %, but would also minimize the risk of radiolytic corrosion in the beam interaction zone. Base on similar arguments, AUSTRON has been designed for edge cooled targets, but thermal and stress analyses show, that this concept is not feasible at higher power levels.

  6. Fuel Efficiency of New European HD Vehicles

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given at the 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency & Emissions Research Conference (DEER 2007). 13-16 August, 2007, Detroit, Michigan. Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies (OFCVT).

  7. European Energy Institute | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    from the community to the national level.1 The EEI is the place for peer-reviewed journals related to the technical, economic, and legal issues of liberalized energy markets in...

  8. Southeast European Regional Electricity Market Analysis | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    National Laboratory Partner United States Agency for International Development, Montgomery Watson Harza Sector Energy Topics Market analysis, Background analysis Website...

  9. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Atmospheric Radiative Transfer Modeling: A Summary of AER Codes Clough, S.A.(a), Shephard, M.W.(a), Mlawer, E.J.(a), Delamere, J.S.(a), Iacono, M.J.(a), Cady-Pereira, K.(a), Boukabara, S.(a), Revercomb, H.E.(b), Tobin, D.C.(b), Turner, D.D.(c), and Morcrette, J.J.(d), Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc. (a), University of Wisconsin-Madison (b), Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (c), ECMWF (d) Fourteenth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting Radiative transfer

  10. European Smart Power Market Project Report Website | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    URI: cleanenergysolutions.orgcontenteuropean-smart-power-market-project-r Language: English Policies: "Deployment Programs,Regulations" is not in the list of possible...

  11. European Experience and Case study of SCR Passenger Car Integration...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Presentation given at DEER 2006, August 20-24, 2006, Detroit, Michigan. Sponsored by the U.S. DOE's EERE FreedomCar and Fuel Partnership and 21st Century Truck Programs. ...

  12. European Atlas of Soil Biodiversity | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Resource assessment Resource Type: Publications, Guidemanual Website: eusoils.jrc.ec.europa.eulibrarymapsbiodiversityatlasDocumentsBio UN Region: "Western & Eastern Europe"...

  13. European Commission Joint Research Centre | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Centre Address: 1049 Brussels Place: Brussels, Belgium Year Founded: 1957 Website: ec.europa.eudgsjrcindex.cfm Coordinates: 50.8509279, 4.3601162 Show Map Loading map......

  14. Green Paper: A European Strategy for Sustainable, Competitive...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and Secure Energy Focus Area: Crosscutting Topics: Socio-Economic Website: eur-lex.europa.eusmartapicgisgadoc?smartapicelexplusprodDocNumb Equivalent URI:...

  15. European Commission Impact Assessment Tools | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Publications, Softwaremodeling tools User Interface: Other Website: iatools.jrc.ec.europa.eubinviewIQToolWebHome.html IPTS-IA Tools Screenshot References: IPTS-IA Tools1...

  16. The European Physical Journal C CrossMark

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil W. Carvalho, J. Chinellato6, A. Custodio, E. M. Da Costa, D. De Jesus Damiao, C. De Oliveira Martins, S. Fonseca De Souza, H. Malbouisson, D....

  17. Developments in European Thermal Energy Systems | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Possibly the most important question is, will natural gas fracking be allowed in Germany? ... when it comes to energy with major investments in coal-fired power plants of 24 ...

  18. Cycling on the Rise: Public Bicycles and other European Experiences...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and the building of local partnerships, might increase the modal share of cycling. We had big expectations at the beginning of the project regarding cycling planning, but could not...

  19. European Experience and Case study of SCR Passenger Car Integration

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given at DEER 2006, August 20-24, 2006, Detroit, Michigan. Sponsored by the U.S. DOE's EERE FreedomCar and Fuel Partnership and 21st Century Truck Programs.

  20. European Diesel Engine Technology: An Overview | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Solution for Euro VI Emissions Heavy Duty Vehicle In-Use Emission Performance Evaluating Exhaust Emission Performance of Urban Buses Using Transient Heavy-Duty Chassis Dynamometer

  1. Paper preparation to the 7th European Wave and

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    4 th International Conference on Ocean Energy, 17 October, Dublin 1 US Department of Energy National Lab Activities in Marine Hydrokinetics: Machine Performance Testing V.S. Neary 1, 2 , L.P. Chamorro 2 , C. Hill 2 , B. Gunawan 1 , F. Sotiropoulos 2 1 Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 1 Bethel Valley Road, P.O. Box 2008, MS 6036, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, 37831, U.S.A. E-mail: nearyvs@ornl.gov 2 St. Anthony Falls Laboratory, University of Minnesota, 2 Third Avenue S.E., Minneapolis, Minnesota, 55414,

  2. European Geothermal Drilling Experience-Problem Areas and Case...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Drilling Experience-Problem Areas and Case Studies Baron, G.; Ungemach, P. 15 GEOTHERMAL ENERGY; BOREHOLES; DRILLING; EVALUATION; EXPLORATION; GEOTHERMAL RESOURCES; ITALY;...

  3. European Wind Farms A S | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Sector: Wind energy Product: Focused on wind farm development in Europe. Coordinates: 56.866669, 8.31667 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemap...

  4. EUROPEAN GEOTHERMAL DRILLING EXPERIENCE- PROBLEM AREAS AND CASE...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... D e n s i t y was always kept a t 1.05, w i t h a t o t a l mud volume o f 200 m3 and a ... They r e s u l t i n a d d i t i o n a l c o s t s estimated a t 100,000 US S.. o f ...

  5. European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Development Address: EBRD One Exchange Square Place: London, United Kingdom Year Founded: 1991 Phone Number: 44 20 7338 6000 Website: www.ebrd.com Coordinates: 51.5760683,...

  6. European Association for Renewable Energy EUROSOLAR | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    was founded in 1988 as a nonprofit organization that promotes the replacement of nuclear and fossil energies with Renewable Energy sources. Coordinates: 50.7323, 7.101695...

  7. NNSA and the European Commission advance global nuclear nonproliferati...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    located in four countries: EURATOM Safeguards in Luxembourg, JRC Headquarters in Belgium, and the JRC institutes in Karlsruhe, Germany; Ispra, Italy; and Geel, Belgium. ...

  8. Data Products from ECMWF (European Centre for Medium Range Weather...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Subject: 54 Environmental Sciences ECMWF, MAGIC, AMF2, advective tendency, atmospheric moisture, atmospheric temperature, atmospheric pressure, cloud fraction, horizontal wind, ice ...

  9. EUROPEAN GEOTHERMAL DRILLING EXPERIENCE- PROBLEM AREAS AND CASE...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... e l e a s e o f t h e assembly i s attempted by sending a 0 1" 112 s c a l l o p gun down t h e s t r i n g t o p e r f o r a t e and r e e s t a b l i s h c i r c u l a t i o n . ...

  10. A European Supergrid for Renewable Energy: Local Impacts and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Market Analysis Website: www.sciencedirect.comsciencearticlepiiS0959652611002447 Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.orgcontent...

  11. Emissions from the European Light Duty Diesel Vehicle During...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of diesel solid nanoparticle emissions using a catalytic stripper for comparison with Europe's PMP protocol Emission Performance of Modern Diesel Engines Fueled with Biodiesel

  12. MHK Technologies/European Pico Pilot Plant | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    2008 Brest, France , Jah, Alok, "Tidal Turbine begins Feeding Power to the Grid", The Guardian (newspaper), London, July 18, 2008 Date Submitted 9282010 << Return to the MHK...

  13. Thermoelectric Activities of European Community within Framework Programme

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Energy Discusses engine technology enablers that help achieve overall system integration effectively deer12_suresh.pdf (986.08 KB) More Documents & Publications Cummins Next Generation Tier 2, Bin 2 Light Truck Diesel engine Cummins/DOE Light Truck Diesel Engine Progress Report Cummins' Next Generation Tier 2, Bin 2 Light Truck Diesel Engine 7 and additional activities in Germany | Department of Energy

    Provides survey of basic and applied thermoelectric activities in Germany

  14. Africa-European Union Energy Partnership | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Programme (RECP) that will open new linkages in the energy-economic sector for industrial trade and business cooperation between Africa and Europe reaffirm the commitment to...

  15. European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and international institutions, and are managed by the EBRD. We also manage six nuclear safety and decommissioning funds. The biggest of these is for the transformation...

  16. A Study of Emissions from a Light Duty Diesel Engine with the European Particulate Measurement Programme

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A comparison of regulated emissions measured by the California Air Resources Board (CARB) and particle number emissions with the Joint Research Committee participating international laboratories was a success, and the CARB measurements and standard deviations compared well with the other laboratories

  17. European empirical methods applied to subsidence in U. S. coal fields

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Munson, D.E.; Eichfeld, W.F.

    1980-10-01

    The empirical methods commonly used in Europe to describe the shape of subsidence troughs are tested against the field data of the York Canyon Mine in Northern New Mexico. This mine is in a flat lying seam under rugged terrain. The subsidence data consists of time-correlated measurements of surface displacements above two longwall panels. While the profile fits from the graphical methods (United Kingdom) do not agree with the measured profiles, the profile functions of the error integral type used in Continental Europe fit the data well. The profile function analysis of the development curves also suggests a time-dependent response of the overburden. These results, except for the specific profile function used, are similar to those found previously for longwall subsidence at the Old Ben No. 24 Mine. Parameter values of the fit, i.e., the effective half range of the function and inflection point offset, were determined for all profiles. These parameters for the development curves and traveling profiles, which fundamentally result from the same raw data, exhibit markedly different apparent ''scatter.'' The rather narrow range of values for the development curves suggest that individual points subside in a well-behaved manner; and hence, the large variation in parameter values for the traveling profiles reflects an inadequacy in the analysis in correlation between points. Consequently, the use of influence functions appears to be a possible method for improving the empirical analysis of longwall subsidence.

  18. Technical Exchange and Cooperation Arrangement Between the Department of Energy and the European Atomic Energy Community

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Teach and Learn Teach and Learn WELCOME! Whether you're a K-12 teacher, a university administrator, or a student interested in starting your path toward a clean energy career, we’ve got you covered. On this page, you'll find links to student competitions, internships, training and degree programs, career planning tools, and professional development opportunities. You can also explore videos, data tools, lessons, activities, and other online resources for educators at all levels. | Photo

  19. Use of North American and European air quality networks to evaluate...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Authors: Schnell, J. L. ; Prather, M. J. ; Josse, B. ; Naik, V. ; Horowitz, L. W. ; Cameron-Smith, P. Search SciTech Connect for author "Cameron-Smith, P." Search SciTech Connect ...

  20. Use of North American and European air quality networks to evaluate...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Authors: Schnell, J. L. ; Prather, M. J. ; Josse, B. ; Naik, V. ; Horowitz, L. W. ; Cameron-Smith, P. Search DOE PAGES for author "Cameron-Smith, P." Search DOE PAGES for ORCID ...

  1. A European Perspective of EURO 5/U.S. 07 Heavy-Duty Engine Technologie...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Towards Meeting Euro 4 Emission Standards in 2005 State-of-the-Art and Emergin Truck Engine Technologies SCR Potential and Issues for Heavy-Duty Applications in the United States

  2. The design of experiments in the rubber industry: A European viewpoint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hill, A.

    1991-04-01

    This article discusses the evolution of experiment design in Europe and Japan beginning about 1947. The topics include the use of statistics, optimization, relevant publications, experiment design in rubber manufacturing, product development, use of computers in compound development, and data analysis by computer. The review covers manufacturing from rubber to pharmaceuticals to automobiles.

  3. Emissions from the European Light Duty Diesel Vehicle During DPF Regeneration Events

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Repeated partial regenerations may cause changes in the mechanical and chemical properties of the PM in the DPF.

  4. Integrity of the reactor coolant boundary of the European pressurized water reactor (EPR)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goetsch, D.; Bieniussa, K.; Schulz, H.; Jalouneix, J.

    1997-04-01

    This paper is an abstract of the work performed in the frame of the development of the IPSN/GRS approach in view of the EPR conceptual safety features. EPR is a pressurized water reactor which will be based on the experience gained by utilities and designers in France and in Germany. The reactor coolant boundary of a PWR includes the reactor pressure vessel (RPV), those parts of the steam generators (SGs) which contain primary coolant, the pressurizer (PSR), the reactor coolant pumps (RCPs), the main coolant lines (MCLs) with their branches as well as the other connecting pipes and all branching pipes including the second isolation valves. The present work covering the integrity of the reactor coolant boundary is mainly restricted to the integrity of the main coolant lines (MCLs) and reflects the design requirements for the main components of the reactor coolant boundary. In the following the conceptual aspects, i.e. design, manufacture, construction and operation, will be assessed. A main aspect is the definition of break postulates regarding overall safety implications.

  5. A Review and Analysis of European Industrial Experience in Handling LWR Spent Fuel and Vitrified High-Level Waste

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blomeke, J.O.

    2001-07-10

    The industrial facilities that have been built or are under construction in France, the United Kingdom, Sweden, and West Germany to handle light-water reactor (LWR) spent fuel and canisters of vitrified high-level waste before ultimate disposal are described and illustrated with drawings and photographs. Published information on the operating performance of these facilities is also given. This information was assembled for consideration in planning and design of similar equipment and facilities needed for the Federal Waste Management System in the United States.

  6. X-ray tomographic in-service inspection of girth welds - The European project TomoWELD

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ewert, Uwe Redmer, Bernhard Walter, David Thiessenhusen, Kai-Uwe Bellon, Carsten; Nicholson, P. Ian; Clarke, Alan L.; Finke-Hrknen, Klaus-Peter

    2015-03-31

    The new standard 'ISO 17636-2:2013: Non-destructive testing of welds - Radiographic testing - Part 2: X- and gamma-ray techniques with digital detectors', defines the practice for radiographic inspection of welded pipes for manufacturing and in-service inspection. It is applied in Europe for inspections of pipe welds in nuclear power plants as well as in chemical plants and allows a faster inspection with digital detector arrays (DDA) than with film. Nevertheless, it does not allow the evaluation of the depth and shape of volumetric and planar indications. In 2001 a planar tomography scanner, TomoCAR, was introduced for mechanized radiographic testing (RT) inspection and non-destructive measurement of cross sections. The project TomoWELD is based on a new concept of the scan geometry, an enhanced GPU based reconstruction, and the application of a new generation of photon counting DDAs based on CdTe crystal CMOS hybrids. The new detector permits the selection of energy thresholds to obtain an optimum energy range and reduction of the influence of scattered radiation. The concept and first measurements are presented. Flaw depth and shape of volumetric and planar irregularities can be determined.

  7. Secretary Chu to Focus on Opportunities for Global Cooperation on Energy, Economic and Climate Challenges During 6-Day European Trip

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Will Lead U.S. Delegation to G-8 Energy Ministers Meeting in Rome and Attend Nobel Laureates Symposium in London

  8. Evaluation of the European PMP Methodologies Using Chassis Dynamometer and On-road Testing of Heavy-duty Vehicles

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Critical evaluation of new protocol for measurement of heavy-duty diesel engine particulate matter emissions proposed for potential use in California.

  9. Use of North American and European air quality networks to evaluate global chemistry-climate modeling of surface ozone

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Schnell, J. L.; Prather, M. J.; Josse, B.; Naik, V.; Horowitz, L. W.; Cameron-Smith, P.; Bergmann, D.; Zeng, G.; Plummer, D. A.; Sudo, K.; et al

    2015-04-16

    We test the current generation of global chemistry-climate models in their ability to simulate observed, present-day surface ozone. Models are evaluated against hourly surface ozone from 4217 stations in North America and Europe that are averaged over 1° × 1° grid cells, allowing commensurate model-measurement comparison. Models are generally biased high during all hours of the day and in all regions. Most models simulate the shape of regional summertime diurnal and annual cycles well, correctly matching the timing of hourly (~ 15:00) and monthly (mid-June) peak surface ozone abundance. The amplitude of these cycles is less successfully matched. The observedmore » summertime diurnal range (~ 25 ppb) is underestimated in all regions by about 7 ppb, and the observed seasonal range (~ 21 ppb) is underestimated by about 5 ppb except in the most polluted regions where it is overestimated by about 5 ppb. The models generally match the pattern of the observed summertime ozone enhancement, but they overestimate its magnitude in most regions. Most models capture the observed distribution of extreme episode sizes, correctly showing that about 80% of individual extreme events occur in large-scale, multi-day episodes of more than 100 grid cells. The observed linear relationship showing increases in ozone by up to 6 ppb for larger-sized episodes is also matched.« less

  10. Use of North American and European air quality networks to evaluate global chemistry–climate modeling of surface ozone

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Schnell, J. L.; Prather, M. J.; Josse, B.; Naik, V.; Horowitz, L. W.; Cameron-Smith, P.; Bergmann, D.; Zeng, G.; Plummer, D. A.; Sudo, K.; et al

    2015-09-25

    We test the current generation of global chemistry–climate models in their ability to simulate observed, present-day surface ozone. Models are evaluated against hourly surface ozone from 4217 stations in North America and Europe that are averaged over 1° × 1° grid cells, allowing commensurate model–measurement comparison. Models are generally biased high during all hours of the day and in all regions. Most models simulate the shape of regional summertime diurnal and annual cycles well, correctly matching the timing of hourly (~ 15:00 local time (LT)) and monthly (mid-June) peak surface ozone abundance. The amplitude of these cycles is less successfullymore » matched. The observed summertime diurnal range (~ 25 ppb) is underestimated in all regions by about 7 ppb, and the observed seasonal range (~ 21 ppb) is underestimated by about 5 ppb except in the most polluted regions, where it is overestimated by about 5 ppb. The models generally match the pattern of the observed summertime ozone enhancement, but they overestimate its magnitude in most regions. Most models capture the observed distribution of extreme episode sizes, correctly showing that about 80 % of individual extreme events occur in large-scale, multi-day episodes of more than 100 grid cells. The models also match the observed linear relationship between episode size and a measure of episode intensity, which shows increases in ozone abundance by up to 6 ppb for larger-sized episodes. We conclude that the skill of the models evaluated here provides confidence in their projections of future surface ozone.« less

  11. A strategic model for monitoring and tracking the goals of competitiveness and liberalization in the European power Sector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Podjed, Klemen

    2009-01-15

    A needed new model should make it possible to conclude whether or not a restructured electricity market produces its desired results and should serve as a tool for formulating energy policy. This proposed model is focused on four basic aspects of electricity competitiveness pertaining to consumers, efficiency, development, and reliability. (author)

  12. Data Products from ECMWF (European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts) Covering the MAGIC AMF2 Deployment

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Ahlgrimm, Maike

    2015-04-02

    ECMWF derived diagnostic variables over MAGIC's ship path from Los Angeles, CA and Honolulu, HI. Two dimensional (time and height) slices were extracted once the ship's exact positions were known.

  13. Mass chain evaluations for the evaluated nuclear structure data file (ENSDF) - an urgent appeal for European participation.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kondev, F. G.; Nichols, A. L.; Tuli, J. K.; Nuclear Engineering Division; International Atomic Energy Agency; BNL

    2007-01-01

    Reliable nuclear structure and decay data represent the fundamental building blocks of nuclear physics and astrophysics research, and are also of vital importance in a significant number of applied nuclear fields such as power generation and associated fuel cycle operations (e.g., fuel manufacture, transport, reprocessing, and waste management), materials analysis, medical diagnosis, and radiotherapy. There is a continuous demand for good quality data formulated and recommended through the speedy assessment and incorporation of new and improved measurements.

  14. ANALYSIS OF 3-D URBAN DATABASES WITH RESPECT TO POLLUTION DISPERSION FOR A NUMBER OF EUROPEAN AND AMERICAN CITIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    C. RATTI; ET AL

    2001-03-01

    Models to estimate pollution dispersion and wind flow in cities (both at the city-scale and above) require a parametrical description of the urban canopy. For instance, two key parameters are the aerodynamic roughness length z{sub 0} and the zero-plane displacement height z{sub d}, which are related, amongst others, to the surface drag coefficient, the scale and intensity of turbulence, the depth of the roughness sub-layer and the wind speed profile. The calculation of z{sub 0} and z{sub d}, however, is not straightforward. The classical way to estimate them in open terrain is based on the measurement of wind profile data from a tall mast or, less accurately, on the inference from published roughness values for similar terrain elsewhere (Davenport, 1960; Davenport et al., 2000). Both methods, however, are very difficult to apply to cities, due to the considerable height where wind measurements should be taken (well above the urban canopy) and to the irregularities of urban texture. A promising alternative that has become available in recent years, due to increasing computing resources and the availability of high-resolution 3-D databases in urban areas, is based on the calculation of z{sub 0} and z{sub d} from the analysis and measure of the city geometry (urban morphometry). This method is reviewed for instance in Grimmond and Oke (1999), where values are calculated using different formulas and then compared with the results of field measurements. Urban morphometry opens up a new range of parameters that can easily be calculated in urban areas and used as input for meso-scale and urban dispersion models. This paper reviews a number of them and shows how they could be calculated from urban Digital Elevation Models (DEM) using image-processing techniques. It builds up on the recent work by Ratti et al. 2000, extending the number of case studies cities: London, Toulouse, Berlin, Salt Lake City and Los Angeles.

  15. 1986 European Conference on Optics, Optical Systems and Applications, Florence, Italy, Sept. 30-Oct. 3, 1986, Proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sottini, S.; Trigari, S.

    1987-01-01

    Recent advances in optical theory and the design and application of optical systems are examined in reviews and reports. Topics discussed include inverse problems in space optics propagation; optical design and image formation; the processing, storage, and display of holographic images; lasers and laser components; integrated and fiber optics; and optical measurement techniques, metrology, inspection, and remote sensing. Consideration is given to optical and electrooptic materials, medical applications, advanced applications of lasers and laser optics, mechanical applications, nonlinear optics and optical materials, novel spectroscopic techniques and applications, and phase conjugation and bistability.

  16. Biochemical and biophysical characterization of the major outer surface protein, OSP-A from North American and European isolates of Borrelia burgdorferi

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McGrath, B.C.; Dunn, J.J.; France, L.L.; Jaing, W.; Polin, D.; Gorgone, G.; Luft, B.; Dykhuizen, D.

    1995-12-31

    Lyme borreliosis, caused by the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi, is the most common vector-borne disease in North America and Western Europe. As the major delayed immune response in humans, a better understanding of the major outer surface lipoproteins OspA and OspB are of much interest. These proteins have been shown to exhibit three distinct phylogenetic genotypes based on their DNA sequences. This paper describes the cloning of genomic DNA for each variant and amplification of PCR. DNA sequence data was used to derive computer driven phylogenetic analysis and deduced amino acid sequences. Overproduction of variant OspAs was carried out in E. coli using a T7-based expression system. Circular dichroism and fluorescence studies was carried out on the recombinant B31 PspA yielding evidence supporting a B31 protein containing 11% alpha-helix, 34% antiparallel beta-sheet, 12% parallel beta sheet.

  17. IEA Wind Task 26. Wind Technology, Cost and Performance Trends in Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Norway, the European Union, and the United States. 2007 - 2012

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vitina, Aisma; Luers, Silke; Wallasch, Anna-Kathrin; Berkhout, Volker; Duffy, Aidan; Cleary, Brendan; Husabo, Leif I.; Weir, David E.; Lacal-Arantegui, Roberto; Hand, M. Maureen; Lantz, Eric; Belyeu, Kathy; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark; Hoen, Ben

    2015-06-12

    This report builds from a similar previous analysis (Schwabe et al., 2011) exploring the differences in cost of wind energy in 2008 among countries participating in IEA Wind Task 26 at that time. The levelized cost of energy (LCOE) is a widely recognized metric for understanding how technology, capital investment, operations, and financing impact the life-cycle cost of building and operating a wind plant. Schwabe et al. (2011) apply a spreadsheet-based cash flow model developed by the Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) to estimate LCOE. This model is a detailed, discounted cash flow model used to represent the various cost structures in each of the participating countries from the perspective of a financial investor in a domestic wind energy project. This model is used for the present analysis as well, and comparisons are made for those countries who contributed to both reports, Denmark, Germany, and the United States.

  18. Fast ion energy distribution from third harmonic radio frequency heating measured with a single crystal diamond detector at the Joint European Torus

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nocente, M.; Rebai, M.; Gorini, G.; Cazzaniga, C.; Tardocchi, M.; Giacomelli, L.; Muraro, A.; Binda, F.; Eriksson, J.; Sharapov, S.; Collaboration:

    2015-10-15

    Neutron spectroscopy measurements with a single crystal diamond detector have been carried out at JET, for the first time in an experiment aimed at accelerating deuterons to MeV energies with radio frequency heating at the third harmonic. Data are interpreted by means of the expected response function of the detector and are used to extract parameters of the highly non-Maxwellian distribution function generated in this scenario. A comparison with observations using a time of flight and liquid scintillator neutron spectrometers is also presented. The results demonstrate the capability of diamond detectors to contribute to fast ion physics studies at JET and are of more general relevance in view of the application of such detectors for spectroscopy measurements in the neutron camera of next step tokamak devices.

  19. New sister Interoperability Center opens in Europe | Argonne...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    As electric vehicle sales continue to rise around the world, the European Union opened the first European Interoperability Center for Electric Vehicles and Smart Grids last month ...

  20. US ITER | Doing Business

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    International: Business Opportunities with Other International Partners European Union The European Union maintains a website with additional ITER Business Opportunities. ITER ...

  1. Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... of the phosphosilicate glass layer", 27th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conf. ... of the phosphosilicate glass layer", 27th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conf. ...

  2. NERSC Supports Top Breakthroughs of 2013

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the European Space Agency's European Planck space telescope, which revealed new ... More: Searching for Cosmic Accelerators via IceCube Planck Reveals 'Almost Perfect' ...

  3. LEDSGP/about/steering-committee | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    (CDKN) ClimateWorks Foundation (CWF) Energy Center, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), Ghana European Climate Foundation (ECF) European Commission...

  4. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    aerospace OR nasa OR "european space agency" OR "spacecraft" Creator Author: Name Name ... Search for: All records Bibliographic Data contains: aerospace OR nasa OR "european space ...

  5. Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    European Center for Theoretical Studies in Nuclear Physics and Related Areas J. Conrad The Status

  6. Microsoft Word - Final Lead Assembly SA.doc

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... of European Fabrication of Lead MOX Assemblies. ...... 20 Table 4. Comparison of Human Health ...

  7. Philippines-Standard Assessment of Mitigation Potential and Livelihood...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the European Union, International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) Partner International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), International Council for Research in...

  8. Poland-Roadmap 2050 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Company Organization European Climate Foundation Sector Energy Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Buildings, Buildings - Commercial, Buildings - Residential, Transportation Topics...

  9. Microsoft Word - OPC Security WP 3 _Version 1-3c_.doc

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... 17 http:itcofe.web.cern.chitcofeServicesOPCGettingStartedDCOMRelatedDocuments ... CERN - Conseil Europen Recherche Nucleaire: European Laboratory for ...

  10. Development of the Electricity Carbon Emission Factors for Ukraine...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Organization European Bank for Reconstruction and Development Sector Energy Topics GHG inventory, Policiesdeployment programs, Co-benefits assessment, Pathways analysis...

  11. Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Country: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, European Union,...

  12. Proceedings of the fifth annual NEA-seabed working group meeting...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    European Communities, the Federal Republic of Germany, France, Japan, Netherlands, ... COMMUNITIES; FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY; FRANCE; GOVERNMENT POLICIES; JAPAN; ...

  13. ARM - Campaign Instrument - ecmwfdiag

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Send Campaign Instrument : European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts Diagnostic Analyses (ECMWFDIAG) Instrument Categories Derived Quantities and Models Campaigns...

  14. The FLUKA Code: an Overview (Conference) | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Divisional Conference of the European Physical Society: New Trends in Nuclear Physics ... HADRONS; NASA; NUCLEAR PHYSICS; PHYSICS; THERAPY; TRANSPORT Instrumentation, ...

  15. Cefic seeks energy liberalization, expects positive 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alperowicz, N.

    1996-06-26

    At the recent general assembly of the European Chemical Industry Council (Cefic) in Amsterdam, president Simon de Bree urged the Council of Energy Minsters of the European Union to help boost the competitive position of the European chemical industry and other manufacturing industries. {open_quotes}The European Commission has the power to do something and could enforce electricity liberalization,{close_quotes} says Rudy van der Meer, chairman of the Dutch chemical industry association and board member of Akzo Nobel. Addressing the subject of competitiveness of the European chemical industry, de Bree, who is chairman of DSM, called for an extension of the European pipeline network, especially with multiproduct carriers. {open_quotes}These enable producers to exchange raw materials and semifinished goods on a large scale ... and strengthen [the industry`s] worldwide competitiveness.{close_quotes}

  16. Technical Exchange and Cooperation Agreement between the Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy and the European Atomic Energy Community | Department of Energy Technical Exchange and Cooperation Agreement between the Department of Energy and the European Atomic Energy Community Technical Exchange and Cooperation Agreement between the Department of Energy and the European Atomic Energy Community The objective of this technical arrangement is to establish a framework for co-operation between the Parties in the field of nuclear-related technology research and development based upon

  17. Testing and Certification of Gaseous Storage Tanks for Vehicles: The

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    European Commission (EC) Perspective | Department of Energy Testing and Certification of Gaseous Storage Tanks for Vehicles: The European Commission (EC) Perspective Testing and Certification of Gaseous Storage Tanks for Vehicles: The European Commission (EC) Perspective These slides were presented at the International Hydrogen Fuel and Pressure Vessel Forum on September 27 - 29, 2010, in Beijing, China. ihfpv_moretto.pdf (1.17 MB) More Documents & Publications International Hydrogen

  18. Microsoft Word - DOE-ID-INL-16-032.docx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    32 SECTION A. Project Title: European Mini-Plate Irradiation Experiment (EMPIRE) Capsules SECTION B. Project Description and Purpose: The European Mini-Plate Irradiation Experiment (EMPIRE) at Idaho National Laboratory (INL) includes fabrication and inspection, characterization, irradiation and post-irradiation examination (PIE) of monolithic and dispersion experimental fuel plates to support fuel development for the European reactor conversion from highly-enriched uranium (HEU) to low-enriched

  19. Climate Symposium 2014: Findings and Recommendations

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Asrar, Ghassem; Bony, Sandrine; Boucher, Olivier; Busalacchi, Antonio; Cazenave, Anny; Dowell, Mark; Flato, Greg; Hegerl, Gabi; Kallen, Erland; Nakajima, Teruyuki; et al

    2015-10-05

    Here, the Climate Symposium 2014, organized by the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT) and the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP), with support from the European Commission (EC), European Space Agency (ESA), and other agencies, took place in Darmstadt, Germany, from 13 to 17 October 2014. Around 500 participants from 49 countries attended the event and represented over 200 organizations. Another 500 individuals participated remotely via “live streaming.”

  20. ARM - Events Article

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    provided through European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) for the YOTC time period. Developing an implementation plan. A YOTC website has been started. An email...

  1. Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Now the Synchrotron Medical Imaging Team, a group of Canadian, US, and European scientists (including scientists from the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource) are using ...

  2. 2013 Workshop on Isotope Federal Supply and Demand | U.S. DOE...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    of European and African Threat Reduction, National Nuclear Security Administration Dr. ... file (59KB) AgendaPresentations Isotope Program on NP website NIDC website External link ...

  3. Microsoft Word - CFN ref. IO-14-CFT-9560-ACS CP3 CFN Technical...

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    - French Order 2005 December 12 th for nuclear pressurised equipment (ESPN) 5 Directive 200642EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 May 2006 on...

  4. Cost Effectiveness of Technology Solutions for Future Vehicle...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Cost Effectiveness of Technology Solutions for Future Vehicle Systems Explores the ... European Diesel Engine Technology: An Overview 3-Cylinder Turbocharged Gasoline Direct ...

  5. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    2000-2015 Commodity Prices, Germany Federal Office for Economic Affairs and Export Control (BAFA), Bloomberg LP. European Union Storage, 2010-15 GSE Spot prices Spot prices...

  6. 2015 International Off shore Wind Partnering Forum

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The 2015 International Offshore Wind Partnering Forum injects U.S. innovation into the offshore wind dialogue, while highlighting European expertise. Our event sparks ideas, offers a different...

  7. US Contribution

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    The European Union, Japan, the Russian Federation, China, Korea, and India are also contributing to ITER diagnostics. Overview ITER diagnostic systems provide measurements to aid ...

  8. Radiological Protection

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    ... The United Nations agencies, with the Inter- national Atomic Energy Agency as the lead ... Standards, and likewise the European Commission uses the 2007 Recom- mendations as a ...

  9. Belden EMEA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Zip: 5928 Product: Netherlands-based European headquarters of Belden and supplier of signal transmission solutions. They produce PV junction boxes. References: Belden EMEA1...

  10. DOE Announces Webinars on Overcoming Wind Siting Challenges,...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Guest speakers Steven Nadel with the American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, ... Japan, the United States, Scandinavia, and the European Commission. View the past webinar. ...

  11. DOE/SC-ARM/TR-124 Interpolated Sounding Value-Added Product

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    ... MERGESONDE without including the model data from the European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecasting (ECMWF). ... Shouxian, China (HFE): hfeinterpolatedsondeM1....

  12. Energetix Group | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Specialises in developing intellectual property into new products to target global battery market for Uniterruptible Power Supplied (UPS) and European boiler market....

  13. EERE Program Management Guide - Appendix O

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ESE Energy, Science and Environment ESS Employee Self Service EU European Union FAR ... SMS Strategic Management System SPOT Search Portal of Technology SSA Source Selection ...

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    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Organization: European Commission ComplexityEase of Use: Not Available Website: ec.europa.euenvironmentairpdfsat4annexes.pdf Transport Toolkit Region(s): Europe Related...

  15. Clean Coal and Waste to Energy Session

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ... Brazil Canada China European Union France Germany Greece India Italy Japan Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Saudi Arabia South Africa Korea United Kingdom United ...

  16. Microsoft Word - Summary_of_prefabricated warehouse 140416-yqo...

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    The seven members of the ITER Organization are: The European Union (represented by EURATOM), Japan, the People's Republic of China, India, the Republic of Korea, the Russian ...

  17. Radiation hardness of three-dimensional polycrystalline diamond...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    of columnar electrodes perpendicular to the surface of a solidstate radiation sensor. ... ; European Laboratory for Non-Linear Spectroscopy, Via Nello Carrara 1, 50019 Sesto ...

  18. The FLUKA Code: an Overview (Conference) | SciTech Connect

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    Resource Relation: Conference: Contributed to 19th Nuclear Physics Divisional Conference of the European Physical Society: New Trends in Nuclear Physics Applications and Technology ...

  19. Literature Review of Mobility Control Methods for CO2

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    EOR Methods," SPE 65173, presented at the SPE European Petroleum Conference, held in Paris, France, October 24-25, 2000. Alvarado, V.; Manrique, E.: "Enhanced Oil Recovery: An...

  20. EBRD-The Low Carbon Transition | Open Energy Information

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    The Low Carbon Transition Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: EBRD-The Low Carbon Transition AgencyCompany Organization: European Bank for Reconstruction...

  1. French landmark decree authorizes ITER construction | Princeton...

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    Members of the ITER Organization include China, India, Japan, Russia and South Korea, in addition to the United States and the European Union. Contact Info PPPL Office of ...

  2. Agrowind | Open Energy Information

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    Skjern, Denmark Zip: 6900 Sector: Wind energy Product: Agrowind is developing wind turbine projects through out the European continent. At the moment our project development is...

  3. Fire Standards Codes and Prevention in IBRs

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... energy targets and sustainability metrics determine European demand for biomass pellets from http:www.canadianbiomassmagazine.canewsglobal-pellet-demand-rises-3253 18 | ...

  4. Clean Energy Markets: We've Got the Innovation and Deployment...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    China has become the world's largest producer of solar modules. But did you know that ... And it's not just China using our technology innovations. Many European countries - who ...

  5. Secretary Chu Hosts First-Ever Clean Energy Ministerial | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Ministers and delegations invited from Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Denmark, the European Commission, Finland, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Norway, China, ...

  6. 123 Agreements for Peaceful Cooperation | National Nuclear Security...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    States that have Agreements for Cooperation with the United States: Argentina Australia Brazil Canada China Colombia Egypt European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom)1 International ...

  7. Microsoft PowerPoint - 2_MITCH_HEMBREE_NMMSS_2014_Obligations...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Bangladesh Brazil Canada China Colombia Egypt European Atomic ... Euratom 34 Japan 35 People's Republic of China 37 Switzerland 38 Argentina 39 Brazil 40 ...

  8. ARM XDC Datastreams

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... DAR Darwin, Australia ECMWF European Centre for Medium Range Forecasting FKB Black Forest, Germany GRIB GRIdded Binary MAN Manus, Papua New Guinea NAU Nauru, Republic of Nauru NIM ...

  9. Making Mobile Measurement Using an EEPS Spectrometer | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Ultrafine Particle Number Measurements for Clean Diesel Exhaust Evaluation of the European PMP Methodologies Using Chassis Dynamometer and On-road Testing of Heavy-duty Vehicles

  10. Creation and Testing of the ACES Heavy Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    More Documents & Publications The Advanced Collaborative Emissions Study (ACES):Phase 3 Evaluation of the European PMP Methodologies Using Chassis Dynamometer and On-road Testing ...

  11. Gasoline Vehicle Exhuast Particle Sampling Study | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Particle Measurement Methodology: Comparison of On-road and Lab Diesel Particle Size Distributions Evaluation of the European PMP Methodologies Using Chassis Dynamometer and ...

  12. A Study of Emissions from a Light Duty Diesel Engine with the...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    emissions using a catalytic stripper for comparison with Europe's PMP protocol Evaluation of the European PMP Methodologies Using Chassis Dynamometer and On-road Testing of ...

  13. Nanoparticle Emissions from Internal Combustion Engines | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    More Documents & Publications Gasoline Vehicle Exhuast Particle Sampling Study Evaluation of the European PMP Methodologies Using Chassis Dynamometer and On-road Testing of ...

  14. Abengoa Bioenergia SL | Open Energy Information

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    search Name: Abengoa Bioenergia SL Place: Seville, Spain Zip: 41018 Product: A biodiesel production and a plant operation company within the European market as a part of...

  15. Grid Impacts of Wind Power Variability: Recent Assessments from a Variety of Utilities in the United States (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parsons, B.

    2006-03-01

    Presentation for the European Wind Energy Conference held February 27--March 2, 2006, in Athens, Greece, showing grid impacts of wind power variability.

  16. World Economic Forum | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and European industrial associations. German-born Klaus Schwab, then Professor of Business Policy at the University of Geneva, chaired the gathering, which took place in...

  17. Press Pass - Press Releases

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    University and Californias Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; John Ellis (Colombia), of CERN, the European Particle Physics Laboratory in Geneva, Switzerland; Belen...

  18. This Week In Petroleum Summary Printer-Friendly Version

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    reduction in Asian consumption following the devastating earthquake and tsunami in Japan. Even so, the loss of Libyan supply is likely to draw down European stocks, at least...

  19. Search for: All records | Data Explorer

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Have feedback or suggestions for a way to improve these results? Data Products from ECMWF (European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts) Covering the MAGIC AMF2 Deployment ...

  20. Natsource Europe Ltd | Open Energy Information

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    Natsource Europe Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Natsource Europe Ltd Place: Richmond, Greater London, United Kingdom Zip: TW9 1EP Product: The European office of Natsource...

  1. Mechanical qualification of the support structure for MQXF, the...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Geneva ... Type: Accepted Manuscript Journal Name: IEEE Transactions on ... Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy ...

  2. Energy Supplier Obligations and White Certificate Schemes: Comparative...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ways different European Union (EU) member states, including the United Kingdom, Italy, France, Denmark and Belgium, have implemented energy supplier obligations and white...

  3. Event generator tunes obtained from underlying event and multiparton...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Resource Relation: Journal Name: European Physical Journal. C, Particles and Fields; Journal Volume: 76; Journal Issue: 3 Publisher: Springer Research Org: Fermi National ...

  4. OSTIblog Articles in the videos Topic | OSTI, US Dept of Energy...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    to enable users to quickly find video files produced by the DOE national laboratories, other DOE research facilities and CERN (the European Organization for Nuclear Research). ...

  5. OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    to enable users to quickly find video files produced by the DOE national laboratories, other DOE research facilities and CERN (the European Organization for Nuclear Research). ...

  6. About | ScienceCinema

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    to allow users to quickly find video files produced by the DOE National Laboratories, other DOE research facilities, and the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN). ...

  7. OSTIblog Articles in the open government plan Topic | OSTI, US...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    to enable users to quickly find video files produced by the DOE national laboratories, other DOE research facilities and CERN (the European Organization for Nuclear Research). ...

  8. OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    scientist at the European Laboratory for Particle Physics (CERN), worked on a better way to communicate and share research information stored on computers at the CERN facility. ...

  9. Microsoft PowerPoint - DOE Working Session Presentation - 2014...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Where's the Supply-Demand Balance? Low economic growth Supply Demand Looming PTCCash Grant Expiration European debt crisis Low PPA prices E.U.'s bank recap plan ...

  10. Recent advances in picosecond and hybrid femtosecond/picosecond...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Spectroscopy held May 11-14, 2014 in Dole, France.; Related Information: Proposed for presentation at the European Conference on Nonlinear Optical Spectroscopy held May ...

  11. Ab Initio NCSM/RGM For Three-Body Cluster Systems And Application...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Resource Relation: Conference: Presented at: 22nd European Conference of Few-Body Problems in Physics (EFB22), Krakow, Poland, Sep 09 - Sep 13, 2013 Research Org: Lawrence ...

  12. Apex Gold discussion fosters international cooperation in run...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Energy Agency, the European Union and the United Nations gathered in Livermore, California, to practice their ability to respond effectively to an emerging nuclear security threat. ...

  13. Ab Initio NCSM/RGM For Three-Body Cluster Systems And Application...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Resource Type: Conference Resource Relation: Conference: Presented at: 22nd European Conference of Few-Body Problems in Physics (EFB22), Krakow, Poland, Sep 09 - Sep 13, 2013

  14. Progress on Light-Ion Fusion Reactions with Three-Nucleon Forces...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Resource Type: Conference Resource Relation: Conference: Presented at: The 22nd European Conference on Few-Body Problems in Physics, cracow, Poland, Sep 09 - Sep 13, 2013

  15. Dutch Space BV | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Dutch Space BV Jump to: navigation, search Name: Dutch Space BV Place: Leiden, Netherlands Zip: 2333 Sector: Solar Product: Leiden-based supplier of subsystems for the European...

  16. Nat Fisch Wins Europe's Alfvén Prize | Princeton Plasma Physics...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    "I am very grateful that the European Physical Society reached across the ocean to ... phenomena, including new ways of creating electrical currents using radio-frequency waves. ...

  17. Green Growth Best Practice Initiative (GGBPI) | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    (ICI) of the German Federal Ministry of Environment, Nature, Conservation, and Nuclear Safety, European Climate Foundation (ECF), Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI),...

  18. Program Program Organization Country Region Topic Sector Sector

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    European Union EU United Nations Development Programme UNDP Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety BMU Australian Agency for International Development AusAID Argentina South...

  19. €18.5 Million in New Research Program Funding Announced, GE...

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    and collaboration models at its European Global Research Center near Munich, Germany. ... Collaborative arrangements exist with some of the leading universities in Germany and ...

  20. DOE Announces Webinars on Tribal Energy Efficiency, Technologist...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ... a follow up to the previous June 2013 workshop in Berlin, Germany. Participants included experts from Germany, Japan, the United States, Scandinavia, and the European Commission. ...

  1. LEDSGP/about/Asia LEDS Partnership | Open Energy Information

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    Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) The European Union (EU) German Federal Ministry...

  2. LEDSGP/about | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Democratic Republic of Congo Department of Science, Education, Natural Resources & Environment, Ministry of Planning and Investment of Vietnam European Commission German Agency...

  3. Ceres BioVentures Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    biomass supply solutions to European power and heat markets. It controls the entire supply chain to deliver reliable, repeatable and certifiably sustainable volumes in...

  4. ECOdriving - Widespread Implementation for Learner Drivers and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    programs for licensed drivers in 13 European countries. ECOWILL also promotes the education of eco-driving for learner drivers. This website provides information about...

  5. Electric field induced texture in titania during experiments...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Resource Relation: Journal Name: Journal of the European Ceramic Society; Journal Volume: 36; Journal Issue: 1 Publisher: Elsevier Research Org: Advanced Photon Source (APS), ...

  6. Sandia Energy Solar Newsletter

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    feed 0 Sandia to Discuss Energy-Storage Test Protocols at the European PV Solar Energy Conference http:energy.sandia.govsandia-to-discuss-energy-storage-test-pro...

  7. MHK Projects/AW Energy EMEC | Open Energy Information

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    AW Energy successfully demonstrated a 1:3 scale prototype device at EMEC (European Marine Energy Center) in both calm and rough winter conditions. Bottom wave velocity measurements...

  8. Saint Charles International | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    France Product: A European fruit and vegetable distribution, transportation and logistics platform References: Saint Charles International1 This article is a stub. You can...

  9. Phase development in conventional and active belite cement pastes...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Departamento de Quimica Inorganica, Universidad de Malaga, 29071 Malaga (Spain) European ... Benjamin Franklin, 17 Paterna, Valencia (Spain) Departamento de Quimica Inorganica, ...

  10. Amplio Partners | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Zip: SW1A 1RN Product: London-based venture capital & private equity investor in young European clean energy and environmental businesses. Coordinates: 51.506325,...

  11. Development of the Electricity Carbon Emission Factors for Russia...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Russia Jump to: navigation, search Name Development of the Electricity Carbon Emission Factors for Russia AgencyCompany Organization European Bank for Reconstruction and...

  12. Emminol | Open Energy Information

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    Place: Guildford, United Kingdom Product: Emminol aims to build and operate ethanol plants. Initially focussed on the European Union, Emminol intends to expand into evolving...

  13. SolarEnergia | Open Energy Information

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    Place: Bratislava, Slovakia Zip: 831 02 Product: Developer and constructor of PV plants and parks focusing on mainly Eastern European countries. References: SolarEnergia1...

  14. ECF-Europe-Roadmap 2050 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ECF-Europe-Roadmap 2050 Jump to: navigation, search Name Europe - Roadmap 2050 AgencyCompany Organization European Climate Foundation Partner ClimateWorks Sector Energy Topics...

  15. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

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    tighter emissions standards that restrict import sources, and economic disincentives stemming from low gasoline margins. European refiners appear to have trimmed crude runs...

  16. Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of the European Member States Add Tool Programs Africa - CCS capacity building Carbon Capture and Storage in Southern Africa Ghana-Paving the Way for Low Carbon Development...

  17. This Week In Petroleum Summary Printer-Friendly Version

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    expanded crude-by-rail and pipeline infrastructure, seasonal European refinery maintenance and tariff policy changes in South Korea. Recent expansions in midstream crude oil...

  18. Hungary-Employment Impacts of a Large-Scale Deep Building Retrofit...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AgencyCompany Organization European Climate Foundation Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Buildings, - Building Energy Efficiency Topics Co-benefits assessment,...

  19. ARM - Instrument - ecmwfdiag

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts Diagnostic Analyses (ECMWFDIAG) Instrument Categories Derived Quantities and Models General...

  20. State of Play: How National and International Renewable Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    SDE + * CfD * Renewable Obligation * Carbon Tax * Emissions Penalties Source: European Pellet Council Credit: Seth Walker RISI Renewable Fuel Standard It's all about market share....

  1. Social Media | Argonne National Laboratory

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    Argonne's 70th Anniversary Countdown from Facebook More European Commission VP Visits Argonne (from left) Lee Zachos, Argonne; Jury Nociar, Head of Cabinet of Vice President for ...

  2. DCN4TSO (Smart Grid Project) | Open Energy Information

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    Overview DCN system will enable smart protection, metering, energy management, automation and data exchange with other European TSO using standard protocols. References ...

  3. Big Bang Day: The Making of CERN (Episode 2)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25

    A two-part history of the CERN project. Quentin Cooper explores the fifty-year history of CERN, the European particle physics laboratory in Switzerland.

  4. Renewable Energy Projections as Published in the National Renewable...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Projections as Published in the National Renewable Energy Action Plans of the European Member States Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Renewable Energy...

  5. Reversing the Circulation of Magnetic Vortices

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    Research funding: European Regional Development Fund, Grant Agency of the Czech Republic, and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Basic Energy Sciences (BES)....

  6. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) | Open Energy Information

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    Sustainable Development (WPISD). Partners include the OECD International Energy Agency (IEA), UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA), Eurostat, and the European...

  7. The Economics of Wind Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Organization: European Wind Energy Association Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Wind Topics: Market analysis Resource Type: Publications Website: www.ewea.org...

  8. This Week In Petroleum Summary Printer-Friendly Version

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    basin, is altering both crude and product market dynamics. Meanwhile, the European economic recovery faces lingering credit issues, notably in Greece, while the U.S. recovery is...

  9. A dual mass flux framework for boundary layer convection

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    A dual mass flux framework for boundary layer convection Neggers, Roel European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) Category: Modeling A new convective boundary layer...

  10. Erratum to: Constraining couplings of top quarks to the Z boson...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    CA-0.60+0.14-0.18, where the central values are the Standard Model predictions. ... States); European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Geneva (Switzerland) ...

  11. A I K E N

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    radio- activity released from the Fukushima nuclear power plant event in 2011, and modeling of an ash cloud from an Icelandic volcano eruption which crippled European air travel. ...

  12. EnergieKontor AG | Open Energy Information

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    search Name: EnergieKontor AG Place: Bremen, Bremen, Germany Zip: 28359 Sector: Wind energy Product: Bremen-based european wind project developer and wind farm operator....

  13. gtri | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    European Union and the United States of America, which actively promote the use of the highest safety, security and non-proliferation standards in countries using nuclear energy. ...

  14. ARM - Events Article

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    2009 Bookmark and Share A new session, Remote Sensing of Clouds and Aerosols: Techniques and Applications (AS1.6), will be convened at the upcoming European Geosciences...

  15. ARM - Facility News Article

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    Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters. She has been an active member in numerous European research efforts and is currently involved with the German priority program on...

  16. Prospective Longitudinal Assessment of Quality of Life for Liver...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    image-guided SBRT. Prospective QoL assessment was completed with the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Core-30 ...

  17. UPDATED ADVISORY: Clean Energy Ministerial Photo Now at 11:15...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    invited from Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Denmark, the European Commission, Finland, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Norway, China, the Republic of Korea,...

  18. OSTIblog Articles in the r&d Topic | OSTI, US Dept of Energy...

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    other DOE research facilities and CERN (the European Organization for Nuclear Research). ... climate change; energy conservation; nuclear; coal and fossil fuels; renewable energy ...

  19. UK Energy Minister to Address World Renewable Energy Congress...

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    Energy Sources, European Commission; Hazem Nasar, minister of water and irrigation, Jordan; William Agyemang Bonsu, national coordinator for climate change, Ghana; and Dr. ...

  20. DOE Grant Number

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... experiment due to other commitments to NASA. She participated remotely by providing ... as planned due to being on travel to NASA Headquarters, the European Geophysical ...

  1. Poland-Roadmap 2050 | Open Energy Information

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    Poland-Roadmap 2050 (Redirected from ECF-Poland-Roadmap 2050) Jump to: navigation, search Name Poland-Roadmap 2050 AgencyCompany Organization European Climate Foundation Sector...

  2. Ukrainian Energy Service Company | Open Energy Information

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    AgencyCompany Organization European Bank for Reconstruction and Development Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Finance, Background analysis Website http:...

  3. First Beam for Large Hadron Collider | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... India, Israel, Japan, the Russian Federation, the United States of America, Turkey, the European Commission and UNESCO have Observer status. Media contact(s): National Science ...

  4. Jefferson Lab Selects Italian Physicist As Deputy Associate Director...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Rossi is a referee for such publications as Physics Letters B, Nuclear Physics A, European Physics Journal A, Israel Science Foundation, Applied Radiation and Isotopes, and Science ...

  5. A New Scheme for Stigmatic X-ray Imaging with Large Magnification

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, BP 220, 38043-Grenoble Cedex, France 4 Inrad Optics, 181 Legrand Avenue, Northvale, New Jersey 07647, USA (Presented 7 May 2012; received ...

  6. Geysir Europe | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geysir Europe Jump to: navigation, search Name: Geysir Europe Place: Germany Sector: Geothermal energy Product: Germany-based European subsidiary of Geysir Green Energy focusing on...

  7. Validation of the National Solar Radiation Database (NSRDB) ...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    To be presented at the European PV Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition Hamburg, ... satellite-based solar resource data is foundational and critical to solar ...

  8. DOE Announces Rescheduled Webinar on the Office of Energy Efficiency...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    a follow up to the previous June 2013 workshop in Berlin, Germany. Participants included experts from Germany, Japan, the United States, Scandinavia, and the European Commission. ...

  9. Global Leaders Meet To Collaborate on Energy Efficiency Goals...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Brazil, Canada, the People's Republic of China, the European Commission, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, the Republic of Korea (South Korea), Mexico, the Russian Federation, ...

  10. Scientists discuss progress toward magnetic fusion energy at...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... ITER is currently under construction in the south of France. In an unprecedented international effort, seven partners-China, the European Union, India, Japan, Korea, Russia and the ...

  11. ISO 50001 Frequently Asked Questions | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    ... Canada, Chile, China (observer), the European Commission, Finland, Germany, India, Indonesia, Japan, Mexico, the Republic of Korea, the Republic of South Africa, Saudi ...

  12. Questions and answers about ITER and fusion energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... The project, which involves China, the European Union, India, Japan, South Korea, Russia, and the United States, is sited in France with components contributed by all partners. ...

  13. EM, Tribal, and State Officials Receive Training on Restoring...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    The training participants acknowledged the recent death of Willie Preacher, the STGWG ... Much of his artwork depicted early Native American life prior to the European arrival. ...

  14. Clean Urban Transport for Europe CUTE | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Transport for Europe CUTE Jump to: navigation, search Name: Clean Urban Transport for Europe (CUTE) Place: Ulm, Germany Zip: 89077 Product: Germany-based, European Union project...

  15. Prime Solar Senergy SL | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Prime Solar Senergy SL Place: Barcelona, Spain Zip: 8021 Product: Spanish project developer; obtains regulatory approvals and certifications in the European...

  16. Solid Oxide Fuel Cell System (SOFC) Technology R&D Needs (Presentation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Market Opportunity US Stationary - APU & CHP Natural Gas, LPG European ... Hot Reformate Desulfurizer Non-Regenerating Bed SOFC System Integration 21 DOE ...

  17. Nomura International PLC London | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Nomura International PLC London Jump to: navigation, search Name: Nomura International PLC (London) Place: London, Greater London, United Kingdom Zip: EC1A 4NP Product: European...

  18. Performance Characteristics of Coal-to-Liquids (CTL) Diesel in...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Comparisons between CTL, GTL, no. 2, and European diesel include fuel economy, regulated and unregulated emissions in a 50 State compliant passenger car with DOC, NOx adsorber and ...

  19. From CO2 to Methanol via Novel Nanocatalysts

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Research funding: Venezuelan Institute of Petroleum Technology (Intevep), Spanish Ministry of Economy and Finance, European Regional Development Fund, and U.S. Department of Energy ...

  20. Zephyr Investments | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    United Kingdom Sector: Wind energy Product: Owner of Beaufort Wind Limited, created as joint venture investment vehicle by Englefield Capital, Arcapita Limited, the European arm...

  1. Notices

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    European community where greenhouse gas reduction programs are driving conversion from coal to biomass for electric power generation. The data collected on the Form EIA-63C will...

  2. An AeroCom assessment of black carbon in Arctic snow and sea...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Resource Relation: Journal Name: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (Online); Journal Volume: 14; Journal Issue: 5 Publisher: European Geosciences Union Research Org: Pacific ...

  3. Framework for the International Partnership for the Hydrogen...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    The United States, the European Union, Japan, Australia, Canada, Iceland, Italy, and the UK have recently made substantial commitments to hydrogen and fuel cell technology ...

  4. Ground-based remote sensing scheme for monitoring aerosol-cloud...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Publisher: European Geosciences Union Research Org: Delft Univ. of Technology, Stevinweg, Delft (Netherlands) Sponsoring Org: USDOE Country of Publication: United States Language: ...

  5. Review of Requirements and Capabilities for Analyzing and Responding...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    to * beyond design basis events, including recent efforts by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission and the European Union to evaluate and enhance these requirements and guidance. ...

  6. Search for: All records | DOE PAGES

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... condensation and ice nuclei. less Full Text Available January 2016 , European Geosciences Union Prev Next DOE PAGESBeta contains an initial collection of journal ...

  7. Dual-spacecraft reconstruction of a three-dimensional magnetic...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Publisher: European Geophysical Union Research Org: Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States) Sponsoring Org: USDOE Country of Publication: United ...

  8. Search for: All records | DOE PAGES

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... of this study allow improved OFR operation and experimental design and also inform the design of future reactors. less Full Text Available April 2016 , European Geosciences Union

  9. EC/UNDP Climate Change Capacity Building Program | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ECUNDP Climate Change Capacity Building Program Jump to: navigation, search Name UNDPEC Climate Change Capacity Building Program AgencyCompany Organization The European Union...

  10. Why New Neutron Detector Materials Must Replace Helium-3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hurd, Alan J.; Kouzes, Richard T.

    2014-10-01

    This is an article for the European Physics Journal on the status of the He-3 problem. Alan Hurd from LANL is the main author.

  11. Slide03 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Everybody Is On Board Policymakers U.S. "Big Data" Initiative - 200M (March 2012) European Commission: "Big Data - The Digital Agenda for Europe and Challenges for 2012" ...

  12. The applicability of non-local LCI data for LCA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Osses de Eicker, Margarita; Hischier, Roland; Lehmann, Martin; Zah, Rainer; Hurni, Hans

    2010-04-15

    This study evaluated how applicable European Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) data are to assessing the environmental impacts of the life cycle of Brazilian triple superphosphate (TSP). The LCI data used for the comparison were local Brazilian LCI data, European LCI data in its original version from the ecoinvent database and a modified version of the European LCI data, which had been adapted to better account for the Brazilian situation. We compared the three established datasets at the level of the inventory as well as for their environmental impacts, i.e. at the level of Life Cycle Environmental Assessment (LCIA). The analysis showed that the European LCIs (both the original and the modified ones) considered a broader spectrum of background processes and environmental flows (inputs and outputs). Nevertheless, TSP production had in all three cases similar values for the consumption of the main raw materials. The LCIA results obtained for the datasets showed important differences as well. Therefore we concluded that the European data in general lead to much higher environmental impacts than the Brazilian data. The differences between the LCIA results obtained with the Brazilian and the European data can be basically explained by the methodological differences underlying the data. The small differences at the LCI level for selected inputs and outputs between the Brazilian and the European LCIs from ecoinvent indicate that the latter can be regarded as applicable for characterizing the Brazilian TSP.

  13. Statement from Secretary Ernest Moniz on the Anniversary of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    "One year ago, the P5+1, the European Union and the Islamic Republic of Iran announced the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), a historic deal to ensure that Iran’s nuclear program is – and...

  14. SNL Memohead (black tbird w/o macro)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    S., Hansen, C. W., King, B. H., Outdoor PV Performance Evaluation of Three Different Models: Single-Diode, SAPM and Loss Factor Model, in: 28th European PV Solar Energy...

  15. ARM - Facility News Article

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    DOE report summarizes a two-and-a-half day workshop held between U.S. and European collaborators to review outstanding climate change science questions related to clouds, aerosols...

  16. Secretary Chu Stresses Global Cooperation on Energy, Economic...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    From the U.S. to China to several European Union countries to Australia to Saudi Arabia, many nations are funding research and development of carbon capture and sequestration ...

  17. Slide19 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    WorldWideScience.org? * Federated search of "big data" * BioGRID * DataCite * DNA Data Bank of Japan * DRYAD * EMBL-EBI European Bioinformatics Institute * ICSU World Data System

  18. ARM - Campaign Instrument - ecmwf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    govInstrumentsecmwf Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : European Centre for Medium Range Weather...

  19. Proit srl | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    is to install and distribute PV in the African and European (except for Spain and Greece) markets. References: Proit srl1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  20. The Italian energy sector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-01-01

    The energy sector in Italy, as in Europe and in many other areas of the world, is undergoing rapid and profound changes. The 1986 ratification of the European Single Act was intended to create a European internal market, where circulation of people, capital, goods, and services would reach the highest possible liberalization. In 1988, in the document The Energy Internal Market, the European Union (EU) commission stressed the need for creation of an internal energy market--free of obstacles--to increase security of supply, to reduce costs, and to strengthen the competitiveness of the European economic system. In 1990, the Community Council adopted directives to implement the EU energy sector. This article describes Italy`s role as part of the EU energy sector. It covers the following topics: the Italian energy sector; electricity vs gas transportation; project finance; recent developments advance Italian power industry; specifying powerplant components -- Italian stype; buyers` guide to Italian equipment, services.

  1. Section One, Bioenergy Technologies Office Multi-Year Program...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ... European targets for the production of 20% renewable power by 2020 have led to an expanding market for American and Canadian wood pellets and raw biomass feedstock. Proposals for ...

  2. Aeroelastic Modeling of Large Off-shore Vertical-axis Wind Turbines...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... K. Dixon, C. Ferreira, C. Hofemann, G. van Bussel, and G. van Kuik, "A 3D unsteady panel method for vertical axis wind turbines," Proceedings of the European Wind Energy ...

  3. Preparation of Papers for AIAA Technical Conferences

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... K. Dixon, C. Ferreira, C. Hofemann, G. van Bussel, and G. van Kuik, "A 3D unsteady panel method for vertical axis wind turbines," Proceedings of the European Wind Energy ...

  4. Eurus Energy Europe BV | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Eurus Energy Europe BV Jump to: navigation, search Name: Eurus Energy Europe BV Place: London, United Kingdom Zip: SW1Y 4QT Sector: Wind energy Product: European arm of Japanese...

  5. DOE's Under Secretary for Science to Attend the G8 Science and...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Orbach will meet with ministers and other high-level government officials from G8 countries, the European Union, China, India, Korea, Mexico, the Phillipines, and South Africa to ...

  6. Secretary Ernest Moniz

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) reached between the E3EU+3 (China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, the European Union, and the United States) and Iran. ...

  7. Evaluating the safety risk in relation to the energetic field

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vătăsescu, Mihaela; Vătăsescu, Mihail; Lemle, Ludovic Dan; Vasilescu, Gabriel Dragoş

    2015-03-10

    This paper presents an approach in compliance with the European and national requirments aiming at increasing OHS level in the compaines involved in water construction works an dat providing sustainability of the related environment.

  8. Evaluation of a Partial Flow Dilution System for Transient Particulate...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    More Documents & Publications Evaluation of the European PMP Methodologies Using Chassis Dynamometer and On-road Testing of Heavy-duty Vehicles Ethanol Effects on Lean-Burn and ...

  9. Sixth North American Offshore Wind Development and Finance Summit

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Join leading offshore wind developers, Federal and State policy-makers, U.S. and European banks and investors and other key stakeholders at the 6th North American Offshore Wind Development &...

  10. Fuel switching in the electricity sector under the EU ETS: Review and prospective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Delarue, E.; Voorspools, K.; D'haeseleer, W.

    2008-06-15

    The European Union has implemented the European Union emission trading scheme (EU ETS) as an instrument to facilitate greenhouse gas (GHG) emission abatement stipulated in the Kyoto protocol. Empirical data show that in the early stages of the EU ETS, the value of a ton of CO{sub 2} has already led to emission abatement through switching from coal to gas in the European electric power sector. In the second part of this paper, an electricity generation simulation model is used to perform simulations on the switching behavior in both the first and the second trading periods of the EU ETS. In 2005, the reduction in GHG emissions in the electric power sector due to EU ETS is estimated close to 88 Mton. For the second trading period, a European Union allowance (EUA) price dependent GHG reduction curve has been determined. The obtained switching potential turns out to be significant, up to 300 Mton/year, at sufficiently high EUA prices.

  11. Enertech Solutions Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    United Kingdom Zip: RH19 4YP Product: UK-based company that markets and sells fuel cell processors & fuel cell systems. Represents ChevronTexaco as its European distribution...

  12. Property:Mooring Configuration | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Sea floor mounted MHK TechnologiesEuropean Pico Pilot Plant + Bottom mounted surface piercing shoreline device embedded on one side into a gully on rocky seabed Water surface area...

  13. Effects of Biomass Fuels on Engine & System Out Emissions for...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    More Documents & Publications High Fuel Economy Heavy-Duty Truck Engine A European Perspective of EURO 5U.S. 07 Heavy-Duty Engine Technologies and Their Related Consequences ...

  14. Steering Committee Progress Report on Hydrogen Sensor Performance Testing and Evaluation under the Memorandum of Agreement between NREL, U.S. DOE and JRC-IET, EC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buttner, W.; Post, M.; Burgess, R.; Rivkin, C.; Boon-Brett, L.; Palmisano, V.; Bonato, C.; Harskamp, F.

    2012-12-01

    This progress report is a programmatic summary of a formal MOA between NREL and the European Union Joint Research Center, Institute for Energy and Transport to be presented at the Steering Committee Meeting, December 3, 2012.

  15. Microsoft PowerPoint - Fiore_EPS_Invited_04

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Fiore MIT Plasma Science and Fusion Center 31 st European Physical Society Meeting on Plasma Physics June 30, 2004 London, England With Contributions from: P. T. Bonoli, D. R....

  16. OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... ScienceCinema has over 3,800 science and technology-related videos highlighting leading-edge research from the DOE as well as the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN). ...

  17. Arctic Clouds Infrared Imaging Field Campaign Report

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... European Journal of Physics 34(6): S111-S121. 9 JA Shaw, March 2016, DOESC-ARM-16-002 Shupe, MD, VP Walden, E Eloranta, T Uttal, JR Campbell, SM Starkweather, and M Shiobara. ...

  18. Eco Drive Capital Partners | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Capital Partners Jump to: navigation, search Name: Eco-Drive Capital Partners Place: New York Product: New York-based Eco-Drive is a European-American investment consortium,...

  19. Gen. Frank G. Klotz (Ret.)

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) reached between the P5+1 (China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States), the European Union, and Iran. ...

  20. MHK Projects/Oyster 1 Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    The 315kW Oyster 1 proof-of-concept device was operated at sea the European Marine Energy Centre (EMEC) in northern Scotland between 2009 and 2011 and connected to a grid...

  1. Big Bang Day: The Making of CERN (Episode 1)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25

    A two-part history of the CERN project. Quentin Cooper explores the fifty-year history of CERN, the European particle physics laboratory in Switzerland. The institution was created to bring scientists together after WW2 .......

  2. Thermodynamic Data for Biomass Conversion and Waste Incineration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Woody and Tree Materials ALDER, EUROPEAN BLACK; AZnus gzutinosa; solid; Each tree was ... t h e weighted proportion of small (25%) and large (75%) material in t h e whole tree. ...

  3. Vita Bioenergia | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Vita Bioenergia Jump to: navigation, search Name: Vita Bioenergia Place: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Zip: 20021-120 Product: Rio de Janeiro-based company backed by European and US...

  4. Elizabeth Urbanas

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Elizabeth Urbanas is the Director for European and Eurasian Affairs at the Office of International Affairs in the U.S. Department of Energy. Ms. Urbanas is responsible for managing DOE’s...

  5. July 4, 2012: Discovery of a particle "consistent" with Higgs Boson

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Researchers announce in a seminar at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Geneva, Switzerland, that experiments by a global team of scientists using the Large Hadron Collider's...

  6. EA-0912: Urgent-Relief Acceptance of Foreign Research Reactor Spent Nuclear Fuel

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal to accept 409 spent fuel elements from eight foreign research reactors in seven European countries.  The spent fuel would be shipped across...

  7. NEXUSHAUS | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    to create NexusHaus, an ultra-efficient solar house that aims to reduce water and energy demand even as housing density increases. The European preference for clean...

  8. Big Bang Day: The Making of CERN (Episode 1)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2009-10-06

    A two-part history of the CERN project. Quentin Cooper explores the fifty-year history of CERN, the European particle physics laboratory in Switzerland. The institution was created to bring scientists together after WW2 .......

  9. BioXchange Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Zip: SN13 9TZ Sector: Biomass Product: BioXchange is active in the European Biomass Trading Floor. References: BioXchange Ltd1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  10. What Is the Size of the Atomic Nucleus? | U.S. DOE Office of...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    ... European Research Council (ERC-StG-240603), by NSERC Grant No. 2015-00031, by the US-Israel Binational Science Foundation (Grant No. 2012212), by the ERC Grant No. 307986 ...

  11. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    (since 1910) in the United Kingdom and the sixth coldest on record (since 1881) in Germany. Overall, European natural gas storage levels were fairly normal as the year began....

  12. This Week In Petroleum Summary Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    than 90% of Syria's oil exports went to countries in the European Union (E.U.), with Germany, Italy, France and the Netherlands as the largest buyers. But while crude exports to...

  13. SAFEGUARD AND SECURE CONTROL VERIFY POLICY

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    ... freeze-frame radiographs (high-powered x-ray images) of materials that implode at speeds ... the European Atomic Energy Agency (EURATOM), and the International Atomic Energy Agency. ...

  14. PPPL's Hawryluk Named ITER Deputy Director-General | Princeton...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... ITER, named for the Latin word for "the way," has seven project partners, including China, the European Union, India, Japan, Russia, South Korea, and the U.S. PPPL is part of the ...

  15. PPPL and ITER: Lab teams support the world's largest fusion experiment...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The United States participates in ITER together with China, the European Union, India, Japan, South Korea and Russia. "It is very exciting to work on such a challenging global ...

  16. What is ITER

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The project is being designed and built by the ITER partners: China, the European Union, India, Japan, South Korea, the Russia Federation, and the United States. The ITER facility ...

  17. PPPL-led researchers seek to demonstrate a novel design for a...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ITER (whose name is Latin for "the way"), which is under construction in the south of France by the European Union, China, India, Japan, South Korea, Russia and the United States. ...

  18. Life cycle inventory of biodiesel and petroleum diesel for use...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Biodiesel is made by chemically combining any natural oil or fat with an alcohol such as ... European biodiesel is made predominantly from rapeseed oil (a cousin of canola oil). In ...

  19. Itochu Europe Plc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Europe Plc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Itochu Europe Plc Place: London, Greater London, United Kingdom Zip: EC4A 3PJ Sector: Efficiency, Solar Product: European HQ of Itochu...

  20. Microsoft Word - Document1 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    48.23 KB) More Documents & Publications U.S.-European Union Joint Statement Microsoft Word - Document2 U.S.-Canada Clean Energy Dialogue (CED) Report to Leaders

  1. Zouk Ventures Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Zouk Ventures Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Zouk Ventures Ltd Place: London, Greater London, United Kingdom Zip: SW3 1HY Product: London-based european focused private...

  2. Research Highlight

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Observations Guide Low-Cloud Parameterization Development in the ECMWF Model Download a printable PDF Submitter: Ahlgrimm, M., European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts Forbes, R. M., European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Ahlgrimm M and R Forbes. 2012. "The impact of low clouds on surface shortwave radiation in the ECMWF model."

  3. AGREEMENT FOR COOPERATION IN THE PEACEFUL USES OF NUCLEAR ENERGY

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AGREEMENT FOR COOPERATION IN THE PEACEFUL USES OF NUCLEAR ENERGY BETWEEN THE EUROPEAN ATOMIC ENERGY COMMUNITYAND THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA THE EUROPEAN ATOMIC ENERGY COMMUNITY, hereinafter referred to as "the Community", and THE GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, hereinafter referred to as "the United States of America", PREAMBLE WHEREAS the Community and the United States of America concluded an Agreement which entered into force on 27 August 1958 and an

  4. TRACC Papers at the 8th

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    8th European LS-DYNA® Users Conference The research and development performed by the Computational Structural Mechanics staff has resulted in two papers that were presented at the 8th European LS-DYNA® Users Conference, Strasbourg, France May 23-24, 2011: Modeling of Cone Penetration Test Using SPH and MM-ALE Approaches by Ronald F. Kulak and Cezary Bojanowski Abstract The American Society of Association Executives (ASAE) Soil Cone Penetrometer Standard (S313.2) is designed to characterize

  5. Other Organizations' Awards

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    other awards Other Organizations' Awards Members of the NIF & Photon Science Directorate have been honored with a variety of prestigious awards over the years. Below is a sampling. Name Year Granting Organization Name of Award and Citation Frederico Fiuza 2013 European Physical Society Plasma Physics Ph.D. Research Award for work on his doctoral thesis, "Multi-scale PIC Simulations of High Energy Density Scenarios: from Laboratory to Astrophysics." Frederic Perez 2012 European

  6. Microsoft Word - EU-US Smart Grid assessment - final report -online version.docx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    JRC 73070 EUR 25522 EN Assessing Smart Grid Benefits and Impacts: EU and U.S. Initiatives Joint Report EC JRC - US DOE Vincenzo Giordano Steven Bossart European Commission US Department of Energy-DOE Joint Research Centre (JRC) Office of Electricity and Energy Reliability Institute for Energy and Transport 2012 2 European Commission Joint Research Centre (JRC) Institute for Energy and Transport (IET) Contact information Gianluca Fulli Address: Joint Research Centre, Westerduinweg 3, NL-1755 LE

  7. CCEI WEBINAR

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Tuesday, August 18, 2015 10:00 a.m. (EDT) - 322 ISE Lab www.efrc.udel.edu The Catalysis Center for Energy Innovation is an Energy Frontier Research Center funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science. Professor Karen Wilson Professor in Catalysis and Research Director European Bioenergy Research Institute (EBRI) School of Engineering and Applied Sciences Aston University Professor Wilson is currently a Chair of Catalysis and Research Director of the European Bioenergy Research

  8. Molecular evolution meets biophysics: the history of the RubisCO enzyme and

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the Fenna-Matthews-Olson (FMO) complex | MIT-Harvard Center for Excitonics evolution meets biophysics: the history of the RubisCO enzyme and the Fenna-Matthews-Olson (FMO) complex February 9, 2016 at 3:00pm/36-428* Romain Studer, The European Bioinformatics Institute, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL-EBI) studer_romain_web Ancestral sequence reconstruction allows the inference of a protein's past characteristics at a particular point during its evolution. The inferred ancestral

  9. Thermochemical Energy Storage

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Thermochemical Energy Storage Overview on German, and European R&D Programs and the work carried out at the German Aerospace Center DLR Dr. Christian Sattler christian.sattler@dlr.de Dr. Antje Wörner antje.woerner@dlr.de Thermochemical Energy Storage > 8 January 2013 www.DLR.de * Chart 1 Contents - Short Introduction of the DLR - Energy Program - Thermochemical Storage - Strategic basis: Germany and European Union - Processes - CaO/Ca(OH) 2 - Metal oxides (restructure) - Sulfur -

  10. PowerPoint Presentation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Anthony Illingworth Ewan O'Connor University of Reading, UK Proposal for collaboration between Cloudnet and ARM Overview * What is Cloudnet? - European project that achieved systematic evaluation of 7 models over 4 ARM-like sites in Europe for a multi-year period - European Union funding ended in 2005; since then small amounts of funding obtained to process AMF data and to implement the Cloudnet processing system at Lindenberg for German model evaluation * Proposal to ARM's "Instrument

  11. Slow and not so sure: Europe`s long march to electricity market liberalization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hancher, L.

    1997-11-01

    Under Europe`s recent Directive on competition in electricity, Member States retain immense autonomy to set the competitive agenda within their borders. The result may well be a distinctly skewed - and far from open - trade in electricity, and little opportunity for even large customers to make a meaningful choice of suppliers. The final adoption last year by The European Council - effectively the legislative body of the European Community - of a regulatory measure requiring gradual liberalization of Europe`s electricity market is an event of more symbolic than real significance. During the seven years it has taken to negotiate and compromise upon a suitable legal framework for electricity market liberalization, the European market itself has moved on. Effective implementation of the newly adopted framework rules is unlikely to be a real catalyst for change in its own right, although it could still be an important force in shaping the direction of liberalization programs already underway at the national level. This article will examine the state of electricity market liberalization in what is now known as the European Union - the loose quasi-federal structure which subsists between the 15 Member States of the European Community (EC). It will focus in part upon the provisions of the new EC Directive on the creation of a single market for electricity, and in part upon the complex changes which are gradually transforming the European electricity market.

  12. Coal waste materials applications in Europe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Niel, E.M.M.G.

    1997-12-31

    European countries have built up a tradition of coal burning activities. It is a well known fact that in the past twenty five years economic and technological growth was accompanied by more awareness for the protection of the environment. Therefore, increasing attention was paid to emission of hazardous gases, dust disposal and the proper reuse of coal residues. Both government and industry were searching for reasonable solutions to fight the rising environmental threats. It is noticed that the utilization situation in the different European countries varies considerably due to different historical, geographic and economic conditions. Nevertheless about 45% of the nearly 60 million tonnes of coal combustion by-products produced in European power plants are utilized, mainly in construction, civil engineering and the mining industry. In all European countries where electric energy is provided by coal fired power plants three parties are involved: (1) the power plants, as producers and owners of the coal fly ashes; (2) the consumers, which use the ashes in building products and construction; and (3) the government, mainly in watching over environmental and health aspects. This paper describes the use of fly ash in cements and concretes in European countries and the regulations on the use of fly ash.

  13. Minerals yearbook: Mineral industries of Europe and central Eurasia. Volume 3. 1992 international review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-01-01

    Volume III, Minerals Yearbook -- International Review contains the latest available mineral data on more than 175 foreign countries and discusses the importance of minerals to the economies of these nations. Since the 1989 International Review, the volume has been presented as six reports. The report presents the Mineral Industries of Europe and Central Eurasia. The report incorporates location maps, industry structure tables, and an outlook section previously incorporated in the authors' Minerals Perspectives Series quinquennial regional books, which are being discontinued. This section of the Minerals Yearbook reviews the minerals industries of 45 countries: the 12 nations of the European Community (EC); 6 of the 7 nations of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA); Malta; the 11 Eastern European economies in transition (Albania, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Serbia and Montenegro, and Slovenia); and the countries of Central Eurasia (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgystan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan).

  14. (Collection of high quality acoustical records for honeybees)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kerr, H.T.; Buchanan, M.E.

    1987-02-19

    High quality acoustical data records were collected for both European and Africanized honeybees under various field conditions. This data base was needed for more rigorous evaluation of a honeybee identification technique previously developed by the travelers from preliminary data sets. Laboratory-grade recording equipment was used to record sounds made by honeybees in and near their nests and during foraging flights. Recordings were obtained from European and Africanized honeybees in the same general environment. Preliminary analyses of the acoustical data base clearly support the general identification algorithm: Africanized honeybee noise has significantly higher frequency content than does European honeybee noise. As this algorithm is refined, it may result in the development of a simple field-portable device for identifying subspecies of honeybees. Further, the honeybee's acoustical signals appear to be correlated with specific colony conditions. Understanding these variations may have enormous benefit for entomologists and for the beekeeping industry.

  15. Fact #569: May 4, 2009 Gasoline Prices Around the World | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy 9: May 4, 2009 Gasoline Prices Around the World Fact #569: May 4, 2009 Gasoline Prices Around the World A survey of worldwide gasoline prices for February and March, 2009, shows that European countries had the highest prices for gasoline with the Netherlands topping the list at $6.25 per gallon. The price for gasoline in the United States was about one third as much as northern European nations. Petroleum producing nations with government-controlled pricing such as Venezuela and Iran

  16. Liberalization and internationalization of the electricity supply business

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Townsend, B. )

    1994-09-01

    This presentation centers on the experience of the electricity supply industry in liberalizing markets and the impact on global competition. The topics include changes in the UK; EU debate on a single energy market and liberalization; and progress of the EU debate. Perhaps understandably, European utilities are concerned at the prospect of adopting a liberalized regime involving a more unbundled model. Their position is that there is already trade in electricity between countries and they do not accept that a more competitive model will necessarily bring benefits. The European Parliament, despite its firm in-principle commitment to completion of the single market, has also been hesitant in its approach to the proposals.

  17. International Trade of Wood Pellets (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-05-01

    The production of wood pellets has increased dramatically in recent years due in large part to aggressive emissions policy in the European Union; the main markets that currently supply the European market are North America and Russia. However, current market circumstances and trade dynamics could change depending on the development of emerging markets, foreign exchange rates, and the evolution of carbon policies. This fact sheet outlines the existing and potential participants in the wood pellets market, along with historical data on production, trade, and prices.

  18. Cloudnet Project

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Hogan, Robin

    Cloudnet is a research project supported by the European Commission. This project aims to use data obtained quasi-continuously for the development and implementation of cloud remote sensing synergy algorithms. The use of active instruments (lidar and radar) results in detailed vertical profiles of important cloud parameters which cannot be derived from current satellite sensing techniques. A network of three already existing cloud remote sensing stations (CRS-stations) will be operated for a two year period, activities will be co-ordinated, data formats harmonised and analysis of the data performed to evaluate the representation of clouds in four major european weather forecast models.

  19. (Lead-lithium corrosion and chemistry)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tortorelli, P.F.

    1990-09-21

    The traveler participated in the 1990 European Workshop on Lead-Lithium Corrosion and Chemistry. Main areas of emphasis in the European liquid metal (exclusively Pb-17 at. % Li) program are now on deposition effects and corrosion-resistant surface product layers that can also serve as barriers to tritium permeation and insulators. Dr. Tortorelli also visited Harwell Laboratory to discuss innovative methods of corrosion analysis. He attended the 16th Symposium on Fusion Technology in London and the initial meeting of the Program Committee for the Second International Symposium on Fusion Nuclear Technology, which will be held in June 1991. He toured the JET facilities as part of the SOFT program.

  20. Cloudnet Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hogan, Robin

    2008-01-15

    Cloudnet is a research project supported by the European Commission. This project aims to use data obtained quasi-continuously for the development and implementation of cloud remote sensing synergy algorithms. The use of active instruments (lidar and radar) results in detailed vertical profiles of important cloud parameters which cannot be derived from current satellite sensing techniques. A network of three already existing cloud remote sensing stations (CRS-stations) will be operated for a two year period, activities will be co-ordinated, data formats harmonised and analysis of the data performed to evaluate the representation of clouds in four major european weather forecast models.

  1. Numerical prediction of energy consumption in buildings with controlled interior temperature

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jarošová, P.; Št’astník, S.

    2015-03-10

    New European directives bring strong requirement to the energy consumption of building objects, supporting the renewable energy sources. Whereas in the case of family and similar houses this can lead up to absurd consequences, for building objects with controlled interior temperature the optimization of energy demand is really needed. The paper demonstrates the system approach to the modelling of thermal insulation and accumulation abilities of such objetcs, incorporating the significant influence of additional physical processes, as surface heat radiation and moisture-driven deterioration of insulation layers. An illustrative example shows the numerical prediction of energy consumption of a freezing plant in one Central European climatic year.

  2. GAP Flow Measurements During the Mesoscale Alpine Programme

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mayr, G.; Armi, L.; Arnold, S.; Banta, Robert M.; Darby, Lisa S.; Durran, D. D.; Flamant, C.; Gabersek, S.; Gohm, A.; Mayr, R.; Mobbs, S.; Nance, L. B.; Vergeiner, I.; Vergeiner, J.; Whiteman, Charles D.

    2004-04-30

    This article provides an overview of the Gap Flow sub-program of the Mesoscale Alpine Programme, a major international meteorological field experiment conducted in the European Alps. The article describes the initial results of an investigation of the wind flow through the Brenner Pass gap in the east-west oriented central section of the European Alps under conditions of south foehn. The overview describes the objectives of the experiments, the instrumentation used for the field investigation, and the mesoscale model simulations. Initial findings of the scientific program are provided.

  3. Benin | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Benin NNSA Supports IAEA Regional Training in Zambia on Management Practices for Uranium The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), European Commission and National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) co-sponsored a training course in Livingstone, Zambia this week focusing on good management practices for uranium ore concentrate (UOC). The Zambia Radiation Protection Authority

  4. Botswana | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Botswana NNSA Supports IAEA Regional Training in Zambia on Management Practices for Uranium The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), European Commission and National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) co-sponsored a training course in Livingstone, Zambia this week focusing on good management practices for uranium ore concentrate (UOC). The Zambia Radiation Protection Authority

  5. Central African Republic | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Central African Republic NNSA Supports IAEA Regional Training in Zambia on Management Practices for Uranium The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), European Commission and National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) co-sponsored a training course in Livingstone, Zambia this week focusing on good management practices for uranium ore concentrate (UOC). The Zambia Radiation Protection Authority

  6. Mauritania | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Mauritania NNSA Supports IAEA Regional Training in Zambia on Management Practices for Uranium The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), European Commission and National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) co-sponsored a training course in Livingstone, Zambia this week focusing on good management practices for uranium ore concentrate (UOC). The Zambia Radiation Protection Authority

  7. Namibia | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Namibia NNSA Supports IAEA Regional Training in Zambia on Management Practices for Uranium The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), European Commission and National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) co-sponsored a training course in Livingstone, Zambia this week focusing on good management practices for uranium ore concentrate (UOC). The Zambia Radiation Protection Authority

  8. Niger | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Niger NNSA Supports IAEA Regional Training in Zambia on Management Practices for Uranium The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), European Commission and National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) co-sponsored a training course in Livingstone, Zambia this week focusing on good management practices for uranium ore concentrate (UOC). The Zambia Radiation Protection Authority

  9. Simultaneous dynamic electrical and structural measurements of functional materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vecchini, C.; Stewart, M.; Muñiz-Piniella, A.; Wooldridge, J.; Thompson, P.; McMitchell, S. R. C.; Bouchenoire, L.; Brown, S.; Wermeille, D.; Lucas, C. A.; Lepadatu, S.; Bikondoa, O.; Hase, T. P. A.; Lesourd, M.; Dontsov, D.; Cain, M. G.

    2015-10-15

    A new materials characterization system developed at the XMaS beamline, located at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility in France, is presented. We show that this new capability allows to measure the atomic structural evolution (crystallography) of piezoelectric materials whilst simultaneously measuring the overall strain characteristics and electrical response to dynamically (ac) applied external stimuli.

  10. Zimbabwe | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Zimbabwe NNSA Supports IAEA Regional Training in Zambia on Management Practices for Uranium The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), European Commission and National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) co-sponsored a training course in Livingstone, Zambia this week focusing on good management practices for uranium ore concentrate (UOC). The Zambia Radiation Protection Authority

  11. Effects of liberalizing the natural gas market in western Europe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Golombek, R.

    1995-12-31

    This paper uses a numerical model to examine the long-run impact of a radical liberalization of the West-European natural gas markets. We study profit maximizing Cournot producers facing an ideal third party access regime for gas transport. producers sell gas weather to large users in the manufacturing industry and to gas-fired thermal power plants, or to loval distribution companies. We first examine the case where no traders exploit arbitrage possibilities and some producers have limited access to the markets. In this equilibrium net prices differ across markets. These differences disappear in the second case where traders are introduced. The third case focuses on a complete European market for natural gas in which traders exploit all arbitrage possibilities and all producers can sell gas in all markets. We also study the impact on the complete European market of changes in costs for production, transport, and distribution. Finally, welfare implications from a liberalization of the West-European natural gas markets are discussed. We argue that a radical liberalization could increase economic welfare in Western Europe by 15% to 20% in the long run. 35 refs., 9 tabs.

  12. Countdown

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peterson, S.

    1994-12-31

    This article is a discussion of the Limerick-1 cycle 5 refueling outage. The target was to learn from the successes of the European operators and complete the refueling outage in less than 40 days. Actual outage duration was 35 days, and some of the techniques used to achieve this goal are discussed.

  13. Wind power soars

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Flavin, C.

    1996-12-31

    Opinions on the world market for wind power are presented in this paper. Some data for global wind power generating capacity are provided. European and other markets are discussed individually. Estimated potential for wind power is given for a number of countries. 3 figs.

  14. ACCELERATION PHYSICS CODE WEB REPOSITORY.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    WEI, J.

    2006-06-26

    In the framework of the CARE HHH European Network, we have developed a web-based dynamic accelerator-physics code repository. We describe the design, structure and contents of this repository, illustrate its usage, and discuss our future plans, with emphasis on code benchmarking.

  15. Accelerator Physics Code Web Repository

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zimmermann, F.; Basset, R.; Bellodi, G.; Benedetto, E.; Dorda, U.; Giovannozzi, M.; Papaphilippou, Y.; Pieloni, T.; Ruggiero, F.; Rumolo, G.; Schmidt, F.; Todesco, E.; Zotter, B.W.; Payet, J.; Bartolini, R.; Farvacque, L.; Sen, T.; Chin, Y.H.; Ohmi, K.; Oide, K.; Furman, M.; /LBL, Berkeley /Oak Ridge /Pohang Accelerator Lab. /SLAC /TRIUMF /Tech-X, Boulder /UC, San Diego /Darmstadt, GSI /Rutherford /Brookhaven

    2006-10-24

    In the framework of the CARE HHH European Network, we have developed a web-based dynamic accelerator-physics code repository. We describe the design, structure and contents of this repository, illustrate its usage, and discuss our future plans, with emphasis on code benchmarking.

  16. Foreign Travel Report - West Germany and Belgium - September 9 - September 13, 1985

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bickford, D.F.

    2001-05-17

    This report discusses visitation of the PAMELA plant which provided an opportunity to observe the operation and design of this European waste solidification facility. The aim of the workshop was to exchange expertise relative to the safe vitrification of HLLW in order to determine which areas were technologically solved and which areas required further study.

  17. Navy Mobility Fuels Forecasting System Phase 6 report: The potential impacts of a worst-case military conflict on world petroleum availability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, R.; Das, S.; Leiby, P.N.

    1991-01-01

    A major Middle East and European military confrontation would cause an extremely large disruption in the supply of oil worldwide. There would be imbalances between oil supply and demand. These imbalances can only be solved by rationing and by military actions to ensure an adequate flow of crude oil and products. 25 refs., 5 tabs.

  18. The Network of Excellence 'Knowledge-based Multicomponent Materials for Durable and Safe Performance'

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moreno, Arnaldo

    2008-02-15

    The Network of Excellence 'Knowledge-based Multicomponent Materials for Durable and Safe Performance' (KMM-NoE) consists of 36 institutional partners from 10 countries representing leading European research institutes and university departments (25), small and medium enterprises, SMEs (5) and large industry (7) in the field of knowledge-based multicomponent materials (KMM), more specifically in intermetallics, metal-ceramic composites, functionally graded materials and thin layers. The main goal of the KMM-NoE (currently funded by the European Commission) is to mobilise and concentrate the fragmented scientific potential in the KMM field to create a durable and efficient organism capable of developing leading-edge research while spreading the accumulated knowledge outside the Network and enhancing the technological skills of the related industries. The long-term strategic goal of the KMM-NoE is to establish a self-supporting pan-European institution in the field of knowledge-based multicomponent materials--KMM Virtual Institute (KMM-VIN). It will combine industry oriented research with educational and training activities. The KMM Virtual Institute will be founded on three main pillars: KMM European Competence Centre, KMM Integrated Post-Graduate School, KMM Mobility Programme. The KMM-NoE is coordinated by the Institute of Fundamental Technological Research (IPPT) of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland.

  19. DOE Study Monitors Carbon Dioxide Storage in Norway's Offshore Sleipner Gas Field

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In a newly awarded project, researchers funded by the U.S. Department of Energy are partnering with European scientists to track injected carbon dioxide in the world's first and longest running carbon storage operation located at the Sleipner gas field in the North Sea.

  20. Energy policy of the Czech Republic

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cerny, M.

    1995-12-01

    On February 16, 1992, the Government of the Czech Republic sanctioned, by its Decree No. 112/82, its first Energy Policy. Since that time, a number of conditions have changed: first of all, there was the partition of the former Federal Czechoslovak Republic, then the privatization of most of energy producing corporations, the deregulation of a significant proportion of power and energy commodities, the decision to bring to an end the construction of the Temelin nuclear power station, the creation of conditions for the construction of the Ingoldstadt oil pipeline, etc. These steps, on which the final decisions have been made, have brought about the necessity of updating the existing general Energy Policy. The updated Energy Policy is based on the Programme Statement by the Government of the Czech Republic of July 1992, as well as on other materials associated with energy and power generation, either approved or negotiated by the Government, in particular the State Environmental Policy the Rules of the State Raw Materials Policy, the European Association Agreement, the European Energy Charter, the results of the Uruguayan Round of GATT, the Convention on Climate Changes, the Ecological Action Programme for central and East-European countries, and other international documents that have either been, or are likely to be sanctioned by the Czech Government (especially the European Energy Charter Treaty, and the protocol on Trans-boundary Air Pollution and on Further Reduction of Sulphur Oxide Emissions).

  1. Microsoft PowerPoint - Tribal_Preacher [Compatibility Mode]

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Shoshone-Bannock Tribes Overview to NTSF Presenter: Willie Preacher, Shoshone-Bannock Tribes National Transportation Stakeholders Forum SHOSHONE-BANNOCK ABORIGINAL AND TREATY AREAS Tribal Lands and The INL Pre European Arrival vs. Current Radioactive Shipments Across the Fort Hall Indian Reservation TRU-Waste High Level Spent Nuclear Fuel Mixed Radioactive Waste to Utah

  2. Fuel Economy and Emissions of the Ethanol-Optimized Saab 9-5 Biopower

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    West, Brian H.; Lopez, Alberto J.; Theiss, Timothy J.; Graves, Ronald L.; Storey, John M.; Lewis, Samuel A.

    2007-01-01

    Owing to renewed and growing interest in increased ethanol utilization in the U.S., a European-specification 2007 Saab 9-5 Biopower 2.0t was acquired by the Department of Energy and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) for benchmark evaluations. This report details the results of these evaluations.

  3. What's needed next to refine the EU directive on cogeneration regulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Verbruggen, Aviel

    2007-03-15

    Efforts to develop a more precise definition and measurement of cogenerated electricity than those contained in the European Union's 2004 Directive have made real progress, but additional improvements are needed to yield a better-founded, more transparent methodology. The author offers suggestions on how to complete this important job. (author)

  4. Thermoelectric Opportunities for Light-Duty Vehicles | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    thermoelectrics for automotive applications and role of automakers in setting guidelines and technology attributes needed for the global product, regulatory, and market environment maranville.pdf (3 MB) More Documents & Publications Skutterudite Thermoelectric Generator For Automotive Waste Heat Recovery Thermoelectric Activities of European Community within Framework Programme 7 and additional activities in Germany Automotive Thermoelectric Generator

  5. Polish plant beats the odds to become model EU generator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neville, A.

    2009-03-15

    Once a Soviet satellite, Poland is now transforming into a thoroughly modern nation. To support its growing economy, this recent European Union member country is modernizing its power industry. Exemplifying the advances in the Polish electricity generation market is the 460 MW Patnow II power plant - the largest, most efficient (supercritical cycle) and environmentally cleanest lignite-fired unit in the country. 3 photos.

  6. Worldwide report: Arms control, [April 8, 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1987-04-08

    This report contains information concerning arms control of the USSR. Topics include: (1) SDI and space arms, (2) US-USSR nuclear and space arms talks, (3) SALT/START issues, (4) intermediate range nuclear forces, (5) European conferences, and (6) nuclear testing and free zone proposals.

  7. Brighter future predicted at nuclear meetings in Chicago

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stein, H.

    1993-02-01

    This article discusses the future of nuclear power in the United States and the rest of the world. It is a summary of a meeting of the American Nuclear Society/European Nuclear Society in Chicago. Some topics discussed include advanced reactor design, public relations, and nuclear safety.

  8. Evaluation of geological formations of Eastern Europe countries for raw disposal and elaboration of joint R&D programmes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khrushchov, D.P.; Nigmatullin, N.S.; Balla, Z.

    1995-12-01

    The development of national R&D programmes on RAW management in the countries of East Europe is inevitably due to the fact that some of them (Ukraine, Russia, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Romania), have rather developed nuclear power industries, whereas some others are planning their development (Poland, Byelarus, Lithuania, etc.). The majority of East European countries have their own R&D programmes. The territories of these countries are situated within the limits of the East European geological platforms. As to RAW disposal these geological areas and consequently, the geological regions of East European countries are in very different condition. However, all the countries making use of nuclear power and other industries producing RAW, are facing a need to solve the problem of RAW disposal and to develop their own national programmes. Thus, the different geological environments for RAW disposal, which are extremely unfavorable in some countries, may be considered as a reason for joint R&D programmes initiation. The aim of these programmes is a detailed evaluation of geological formations and geological structure of East European countries as to RAW isolation in order to unite the efforts and to increase the efficiency of national R&D programmes as well as to ground subsequent joint actions related to RAW disposal.

  9. Review of PREPA Technical Requirements for Interconnecting Wind and Solar Generation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gevorgian, Vahan; Booth, Sarah

    2013-11-01

    The Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority developed the minimum technical requirements for interconnection of wind turbine generation and photovoltaic power plants. NREL has conducted a review of these requirements based on generic technical aspects and electrical characteristics of wind and photovoltaic power plants, and on existing requirements from other utilities (both U.S. and European).

  10. Large wind turbine development in Europe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zervos, A.

    1996-12-31

    During the last few years we have witnessed in Europe the development of a new generation of wind turbines ranging from 1000-1500 kW size. They are presently being tested and they are scheduled to reach the market in late 1996 early 1997. The European Commission has played a key role by funding the research leading to the development of these turbines. The most visible initiative at present is the WEGA program - the development, together with Europe`s leading wind industry players of a new generation of turbines in the MW range. By the year 1997 different European manufacturers will have introduced almost a dozen new MW machine types to the international market, half of them rated at 1.5 MW. 3 refs., 3 tabs.

  11. Tanker industry progressing in cleaning up operations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knott, D.

    1993-10-18

    The international tanker industry has made significant strides in improving the safety and environmental awareness of its operations in recent years. With a string of mishaps following the Exxon Valdez spill, public scrutiny focused on the tanker industry and found it lacking. The U.S. government reacted strongly with the Oil Pollution Act of 1990. OPA 90 set narrow requirements for tanker construction, forced the creation of a national spill response program, and made tanker operators solely liable for spill damage. The Aegean Sea and Braer accidents around the end of last year forced the pace of European legislation. Since then global initiatives have been announced to improve design and maintenance of tankers and take steps toward eliminating substandard ships and operators. The paper discusses priorities, tanker design, the tanker fleet, OPA status, spill response, the Tampa Bay spill, spill liability, European spills, EC legislation, and the Department of Transportation inquiry.

  12. Trial operation of a phosphoric acid fuel cell (PC25) for CHP applications in Europe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Uhrig, M.; Droste, W.; Wolf, D.

    1996-12-31

    In Europe, ten 200 kW phosphoric acid fuel cells (PAFCs) produced by ONSI (PC25) are currently in operation. Their operators collaborate closely in the European Fuel Cell Users Group (EFCUG). The experience gained from trial operation by the four German operators - HEAG, HGW/HEW, Thyssengas and Ruhrgas - coincides with that of the other European operators. This experience can generally be regarded as favourable. With a view to using fuel cells in combined heat and power generation (CHP), the project described in this report, which was carried out in cooperation with the municipal utility of Bochum and Gasunie of the Netherlands, aimed at gaining experience with the PC 25 in field operation under the specific operating conditions prevailing in Europe. The work packages included heat-controlled operation, examination of plant behavior with varying gas properties and measurement of emissions under dynamic load conditions. The project received EU funding under the JOULE programme.

  13. The analysis of climate variability at local and regional scales in the global warming context

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mares, I.; Mares, C.

    1996-12-31

    The time series of the seasonal and annual temperatures and precipitation amounts from two stations with observations for more than 100 years and from one mountain station (data since 1928), in Romania have been analyzed. For the entire territory of Romania, 33 stations have also been studied using EOF components, for the 1950--1993 period. In order to find climate change-points, nonparametric tests Pettitt and Mann-Kendall have been used. Quantification of the significant change-points was made estimating the signal-to-noise ratio. Some of the change-points in the temperature and precipitation fields could be associated with the changes in the geopotential field at 500hPa, represented by EOFs and blocking index calculated for the Atlantic-European region. The comparison with other results obtained from the European stations or from the entire Northern Hemisphere shows several common points, but also some differences in the climate jumps, reflecting the local peculiarities.

  14. Topic 5: Time-Dependent Behavior

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pfeiffer, P.A. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Tanabe, Tada-aki [Nagoya Univ. (Japan). Dept. of Civil Engineering

    1991-12-31

    This chapter is a report of the material presented at the International Workshop on Finite Element Analysis of Reinforced Concrete, Session 4 -- Time Dependent Behavior, held at Columbia University, New York on June 3--6, 1991. Dr. P.A. Pfeiffer presented recent developments in time-dependent behavior of concrete and Professor T. Tanabe presented a review of research in Japan on time-dependent behavior of concrete. The chapter discusses the recent research of time-dependent behavior of concrete in the past few years in both the USA-European and Japanese communities. The author appreciates the valuable information provided by Zdenek P. Bazant in preparing the USA-European Research section.

  15. Measurement of radon concentration in some water samples belonging to some adjoining areas of Pathankot, Punjab

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kumar, Ajay Sharma, Sumit

    2015-08-28

    The study of radon concentration was measured in some areas of Pathankot district, Punjab, India, from the health hazard point of view due to radon. The exposure to radon through drinking water is largely by inhalation and ingestion. RAD 7, an electronic solid state silicon detector (Durridgeco., USA) was used to measure the radon concentration in drinking water samples of the study area. The recorded values of radon concentration in these water samples are below the recommended limit by UNSCEAR and European commission. The recommended limit of radon concentration in water samples is 4 to 40 Bq/l given by UNSCEAR [1] and European commission has recommended the safe limit for radon concentration in water sample is 100 Bq/l [2].

  16. Regulatory Control of Sealed Sources in Germany including Regulations Regarding Spent and Disused Sources - 13176

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dollan, Ralph; Haeusler, Uwe; Czarwinski, Renate

    2013-07-01

    Effective regulatory control is essential to ensure the safe and secure use of radioactive material and the appropriate management of radioactive waste. To ensure a sustainable control of high radioactive sources, the European Commission published the Council Directive 2003/122/EURATOM on the control of high-activity sealed radioactive sources and orphan sources, which had to be transferred into national legislation by all member states of the European Union. Major requirement of the Directive is a system to ensure traceability of high-activity sealed sources from 'cradle to grave' as well as the provision to take back disused sources by the supplier or manufacturer. With the Act on high-activity sealed radioactive sources Germany implemented the requirements of the Directive 2003/122/EURATOM and established a national registry of high-activity sealed sources in 2006. Currently, about 27.000 high-activity sealed sources are recorded in this national registry. (authors)

  17. Method and device for identifying different species of honeybees

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kerr, Howard T.; Buchanan, Michael E.; Valentine, Kenneth H.

    1989-01-01

    A method and device have been provided for distinguishing Africanized honeybees from European honeybees. The method is based on the discovery of a distinct difference in the acoustical signatures of these two species of honeybees in flight. The European honeybee signature has a fundamental power peak in the 210 to 240 Hz range while the Africanized honeybee signature has a fundamental power peak in the 260 to 290 Hz range. The acoustic signal produced by honeybees is analyzed by means of a detecting device to quickly determine the honeybee species through the detection of the presence of frequencies in one of these distinct ranges. The device includes a microphone for acoustical signal detection which feeds the detected signal into a frequency analyzer which is designed to detect the presence of either of the known fundamental wingbeat frequencies unique to the acoustical signatures of these species as an indication of the identity of the species and indicate the species identity on a readout device.

  18. Sandia National Laboratories: Due Diligence on Lead Acid Battery Recycling

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Due Diligence on Lead Acid Battery Recycling March 23, 2011 Lead Acid Batteries on secondary containment pallet Lead Acid Batteries on secondary containment pallet In 2004, the US Geological Survey estimated that 95% of lead in the United States is recycled, primarily from used lead acid batteries. A broader 2009 European study estimated that globally about 52% of lead is recycled, and a 2008 Asian study estimated a global recycle rate of 68%. Unfortunately, many incidents over the past decade

  19. Multinational achievement: PPPL collaborates on record fusion plasma in

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    tokamak in China | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab Multinational achievement: PPPL collaborates on record fusion plasma in tokamak in China By John Greenwald November 25, 2013 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook Interior view of EAST tokamak (Photo by Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences ) Interior view of EAST tokamak A multinational team led by Chinese researchers in collaboration with U.S. and European partners has successfully demonstrated a novel technique

  20. Multinational achievement: PPPL collaborates on record fusion plasma in

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    tokamak in China | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab Multinational achievement: PPPL collaborates on record fusion plasma in tokamak in China By John Greenwald December 9, 2013 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook Interior view of EAST tokamak (Photo by Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences ) Interior view of EAST tokamak A multinational team led by Chinese researchers in collaboration with U.S. and European partners has successfully demonstrated a novel technique for

  1. NREL Solar Researcher Honored with World PV Award - News Releases | NREL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NREL Solar Researcher Honored with World PV Award May 10, 2006 Golden, Colo. - Dr. Lawrence Kazmerski, a leading research director at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), received the World PV Award at the Fourth World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion on May 9 for his outstanding contributions to the worldwide advancements of photovoltaic (PV) science and technology. The award, sponsored by professional organizations from the European,

  2. NREL: Wind Research - Offshore Wind Turbine Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Offshore Wind Turbine Research Photo of a European offshore wind farm. Photo by Siemens For more than eight years, NREL has worked with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to become an international leader in offshore wind energy research. NREL's offshore wind turbine research capabilities focus on critical areas that reflect the long-term needs of the industry and DOE. National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) researchers are perpetually exploring new wind and water power concepts, materials, and

  3. IEA Agreement on the production and utilization of hydrogen: 1996 annual report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elam, Carolyn C. )

    1997-01-31

    The annual report includes an overview of the IEA Hydrogen Agreement, including a brief summary of hydrogen in general. The Chairman's report provides highlights for the year. Sections are included on hydrogen energy activities in the IEA Hydrogen Agreement member countries, including Canada, European Commission, Germany, Japan, Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the US. Lastly, Annex reports are given for the following tasks: Task 10, Photoproduction of Hydrogen, Task 11, Integrated Systems, and Task 12, Metal Hydrides and Carbon for Hydrogen Storage.

  4. Wind energy`s declining costs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gipe, P.

    1995-11-01

    Wind energy is competitive with traditional energy sources for the first time since European windmills graced the landscapes of the Old World. This article explores the current economics of wind power. Topics discussed include the following: standardizing cost of energy reporting and the cost of wind energy; wind power plant price; maintenance costs; effect of installed cost on the cost of energy; future costs; decommissioning; modularity; social or environmental costs; cost of capital; bidding and price.

  5. November 18, 2010: Antimatter Trapped and Stored | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    8, 2010: Antimatter Trapped and Stored November 18, 2010: Antimatter Trapped and Stored November 18, 2010: Antimatter Trapped and Stored November 18, 2010 The Department's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) announces that atoms of antimatter have been trapped and stored for the first time in a magnetic bottle-like device by the ALPHA collaboration, an international team of scientists working at CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research near Geneva, Switzerland. Scientists

  6. Find Patents

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Patents Find Patents Some of these resources are Lab-only and will require Remote Access. Questions? 667-5809 Email US Patents Google Patents - search USPTO patents in a Google interface USPTO Database (United States Patent and Trademark Office) DOE Patents - only patents resulting from DOE-sponsored research Worldwide Patents Espacenet Patent Search (European Patent Office) Free Patents Online SciFinder information (from Chemical Abstracts Service) Ordering Patents Thomson Innovation - contact

  7. Comprehensive Assessment of the Emissions from the Use of Biodiesel in

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    California | Department of Energy Comprehensive Assessment of the Emissions from the Use of Biodiesel in California Comprehensive Assessment of the Emissions from the Use of Biodiesel in California Overview of a comprehensive assessment of emissions from biodiesel use in California deer08_durbin.pdf (121.2 KB) More Documents & Publications Evaluation of the European PMP Methodologies Using Chassis Dynamometer and On-road Testing of Heavy-duty Vehicles Measuring "Real World"

  8. Cost Effectiveness of Technology Solutions for Future Vehicle Systems |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Cost Effectiveness of Technology Solutions for Future Vehicle Systems Cost Effectiveness of Technology Solutions for Future Vehicle Systems Explores the economics of CO2 emission reductions by added engine technology to determine if there is an overall positive or negative benefit. deer08_ryan.pdf (409.63 KB) More Documents & Publications European Diesel Engine Technology: An Overview 3-Cylinder Turbocharged Gasoline Direct Injection: A High Value Solution for Euro

  9. Free allocation to the power sector

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Jacob Werksman, Principal Adviser, DG CLIMA European Commission EIA Conference, Washington, DC 11 July 2016 The Run Up to Paris: Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) From climate action by few to action by all: 186 countries, representing 95% of global emissions, submitted an INDC Map: WRI-CAIT Impact of INDCs World GHG emissions (total excl. sinks); percent change in emission intensity per unit of GDP; gap to stay below 2°C, POLES-JRC model The Paris Agreement 4 Signatures:

  10. United States and International Partners Initial ITER Agreement |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy International Partners Initial ITER Agreement United States and International Partners Initial ITER Agreement May 24, 2006 - 10:48am Addthis Paves the Way for Large-Scale, Clean Fusion Energy Project BRUSSELS, BELGIUM - Representing the United States, Dr. Raymond L. Orbach, Director of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Science, joined counterparts from China, the European Union, India, Japan, the Republic of Korea, and the Russian Federation today to

  11. Visiting Speaker Program - October 30, 2008. | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    30, 2008. Visiting Speaker Program - October 30, 2008. Dr. Susan Butts is Senior Director of External Science and Technology Programs at The Dow Chemical Company. In this capacity she is responsible for Dow's contract research activities with US and European government agencies and sponsored research programs at over 100 universities, institutes, and national laboratories worldwide. She has also held the role of Global Staffing Leader in which she managed recruiting and hiring activities for the

  12. Research Highlight

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Pointing Scanning Cloud Radar in the Right Direction Download a printable PDF Submitter: Fielding, M. D., European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle, Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Journal Reference: Fielding MD, JC Chiu, RJ Hogan, and G Feingold. 2013. "3D cloud reconstructions: Evaluation of scanning radar scan strategy with a view to surface shortwave radiation closure."

  13. Research Highlight

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Addressing the "Light Precipitation Problem" in the ECMWF Global Model Download a printable PDF Submitter: Ahlgrimm, M., European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Ahlgrimm M and R Forbes. 2013. "Improving the representation of low clouds and drizzle in the ECMWF model based on ARM observations from the Azores." Monthly Weather Review,

  14. Risk Group and Biosafety Level Definitions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Group and Biosafety Level Definitions European Economic Community (DIRECTIVE 93/88/EEC, Oct. 1993) (1) Group 1 biological agent means one that is unlikely to cause human disease; (2) Group 2 biological agent means one that can cause human disease and might be a hazard to workers; it is unlikely to spread to the community; there is usually effective prophylaxis or treatment available; (3) Group 3 biological agent means one that can cause severe human disease and present a serious hazard to

  15. U.S. Signs International Fusion Energy Agreement | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Signs International Fusion Energy Agreement U.S. Signs International Fusion Energy Agreement November 21, 2006 - 9:25am Addthis Large-Scale, Clean Fusion Energy Project to Begin Construction PARIS, FRANCE - Representing the United States, Dr. Raymond L. Orbach, Under Secretary for Science of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), today joined counterparts from China, the European Union, India, Japan, the Republic of Korea and the Russian Federation to sign an agreement to build the international

  16. Real-Time Measurement of Diesel Trap Efficiency | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Measurement of Diesel Trap Efficiency Real-Time Measurement of Diesel Trap Efficiency 2005 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentations and Posters 2005_deer_niemela.pdf (555.43 KB) More Documents & Publications Update on 2007 Diesel Particulate Measurement Research 2007 Diesel Particulate Measurement Research (E-66 Project) Evaluation of the European PMP Methodologies Using Chassis Dynamometer and On-road Testing of Heavy-duty Vehicles

  17. Understanding the proton's spin structure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fred Myhrer; Thomas, Anthony W.

    2010-02-01

    We discuss the tremendous progress that has been towards an understanding of how the spin of the proton is distributed on its quark and gluon constituents. This is a problem that began in earnest twenty years ago with the discovery of the proton "spin crisis" by the European Muon Collaboration. The discoveries prompted by that original work have given us unprecedented insight into the amount of spin carried by polarized gluons and the orbital angular momentum of the quarks.

  18. Reforms, environmental concerns spurring growth opportunities for gas, electricity in U.S., Europe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carson, M.

    1998-06-29

    As the 21st century approaches, deregulation of developed economies, economic liberalization, and an emphasis on cleaner fuels are creating significant growth opportunities for electricity, natural gas, and other forms of energy on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean. The paper discusses the US status, European vs. US fuel use, dominant fuels vs. strategies, fuel use trends, opportunities for electricity growth, and trends and observations. An additional section describes the slowing of the trillion dollar international independent power market.

  19. Wind energy: A review of technical and market issues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garrad, A.D.

    1996-12-31

    Opinions on the world market for wind power are presented in this paper. The paper is divided into three sections: the market, the technology, and general conclusions. The market section compares European and US wind energy growth and contributing factors and barriers to growth. A technology overview discusses wind turbine concepts, mass reduction, blade structural flexibility, and growth in machine size. Political decisions, economic aspects, public acceptance, and technology limitations are assessed for their influence on the growth of wind energy. 11 figs.

  20. No Slide Title

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    International Affairs (IA-1) Office of Resource Management (IA-10) . DAS for Africa, Middle East, Europe & Eurasia (IA-20) OFFICE OF INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS (IA) Office of European and Eurasian Affairs (IA-21) Office of African and Middle Eastern Affairs (IA-22) DAS for Asia & the Americas (IA-30) Office of Asian Affairs (IA-31) Office of International Science & Technology Collaboration (IA-42) Office of American Affairs (IA-32) DAS for International Climate & Technology (IA-40)