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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "monox ide nonattainment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Title I implementation: Status report on nonattainment areas  

SciTech Connect

Key provisions of Title I of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA) focus on bringing cities and other areas into attainment of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for ozone, carbon monoxide (CO), and fine particulates (PM-10). The CAAA's new classification scheme for pollutant nonattainment areas is based on the relative severity of pollution in these areas and determines the stringency of control measures and the dates by which attainment of the standards will be required. The US Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) final rule on air quality designations and classifications, published in late 1991, shows that ozone pollution remains a persistent problem; the number of counties that fail to meet the ozone standard has sharply increased since 1987. In contrast, incidence of PM-10 pollution has decreased; many counties have achieved the PM-10 standard since 1987. Nationwide, the number of CO nonattainment areas has increased, though not dramatically. Many of the new Title I requirements focus on the role of nitrogen oxides (NO[sub x]) in the formation of ground-level ozone. In ozone nonattainment areas and ozone transport regions, Title I generally requires major sources of NO[sub x] to have the same control measures as those that apply to major sources of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). This requirement compels state regulators to adopt an integrated VOC/NO[sub x] control strategy. The NO[sub x] emission standards proposed by state regulators are considerably more stringent than those given in federal guidelines. Both the EPA and the states plan to allow the use of multifacility emissions averaging in state NO[sub x] control strategies, thereby providing industry flexibility. Proposed federal Economic Incentive Program (EIP) rules would also allow sources in states with approved EIPs to use mobile source emission reduction credits to meet certain stationary source emission reduction requirements.

Kenkeremath, L.D.; Snyder, T.C.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Title I implementation: Status report on nonattainment areas  

SciTech Connect

Key provisions of Title I of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA) focus on bringing cities and other areas into attainment of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for ozone, carbon monoxide (CO), and fine particulates (PM-10). The CAAA`s new classification scheme for pollutant nonattainment areas is based on the relative severity of pollution in these areas and determines the stringency of control measures and the dates by which attainment of the standards will be required. The US Environmental Protection Agency`s (EPA`s) final rule on air quality designations and classifications, published in late 1991, shows that ozone pollution remains a persistent problem; the number of counties that fail to meet the ozone standard has sharply increased since 1987. In contrast, incidence of PM-10 pollution has decreased; many counties have achieved the PM-10 standard since 1987. Nationwide, the number of CO nonattainment areas has increased, though not dramatically. Many of the new Title I requirements focus on the role of nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}) in the formation of ground-level ozone. In ozone nonattainment areas and ozone transport regions, Title I generally requires major sources of NO{sub x} to have the same control measures as those that apply to major sources of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). This requirement compels state regulators to adopt an integrated VOC/NO{sub x} control strategy. The NO{sub x} emission standards proposed by state regulators are considerably more stringent than those given in federal guidelines. Both the EPA and the states plan to allow the use of multifacility emissions averaging in state NO{sub x} control strategies, thereby providing industry flexibility. Proposed federal Economic Incentive Program (EIP) rules would also allow sources in states with approved EIPs to use mobile source emission reduction credits to meet certain stationary source emission reduction requirements.

Kenkeremath, L.D.; Snyder, T.C.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Terabyte IDE RAID-5 Disk Arrays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High energy physics experiments are currently recording large amounts of data and in a few years will be recording prodigious quantities of data. New methods must be developed to handle this data and make analysis at universities possible. We examine some techniques that exploit recent developments in commodity hardware. We report on tests of redundant arrays of integrated drive electronics (IDE) disk drives for use in offline high energy physics data analysis. IDE redundant array of inexpensive disks (RAID) prices now are less than the cost per terabyte of million-dollar tape robots! The arrays can be scaled to sizes affordable to institutions without robots and used when fast random access at low cost is important.

David A. Sanders et al.

2003-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

4

An IDE for software development using tabular expressions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present preliminary work on an IDE for formal software development using tabular expressions as the basis for precise specifications and descriptions of software behaviour.

Dennis K. Peters; Mark Lawford; Baltasar Trancón y Widemann

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Potential impacts of Title I nonattainment on the electric power industry: A Chicago case study (Phase 2)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study uses version IV of the Urban Airshed Model (UAM-IV) to examine the potential impacts of Title I (nonattainment) and Title IV (acid rain) of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA) on the utility industry. The UAM is run for a grid that covers the Commonwealth Edison Power Pool and encompasses the greater Chicago area and surrounding rural areas. Meteorological conditions are selected from an ozone (O{sub 3}) episode on July 5 and 6, 1988.

Fernau, M.E.; Makofske, W.J.; South, D.W.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Volatile organic compound emissions from usaf wastewater treatment plants in ozone nonattainment areas. Master's thesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In accordance with the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA), this research conducts an evaluation of the potential emission of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from selected Air Force wastewater treatment plants. Using a conservative mass balance analysis and process specific simulation models, volatile organic emission estimates are calculated for four individual facilities--Edwards AFB, Luke AFB, McGuire AFB, and McClellan AFB--which represent a cross section of the current inventory of USAF wastewater plants in ozone nonattainment areas. From these calculations, maximum facility emissions are determined which represent the upper limit for the potential VOC emissions from these wastewater plants. Based on the calculated emission estimates, each selected wastewater facility is evaluated as a potential major stationary source of volatile organic emissions under both Title I of the 1990 CAAA and the plant's governing Clean Air Act state implementation plan. Next, the potential impact of the specific volatile organics being emitted is discussed in terms of their relative reactivity and individual contribution to tropospheric ozone formation. Finally, a relative comparison is made between the estimated VOC emissions for the selected wastewater facilities and the total VOC emissions for their respective host installations.

Ouellette, B.A.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

CO2 leakage through existing wells: current technology and regulations S. Taku Ide1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CO2 leakage through existing wells: current technology and regulations S. Taku Ide1 , S. Julio Cambridge MA 02139 Abstract Preexisting wells and well bores are high-permeability pathways through the crust, and as such present zones of elevated risk to CO2 storage projects. Although current well closure

8

GRR/Section 3-ID-e - Term Easement | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

e - Term Easement e - Term Easement < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 3-ID-e - Term Easement 03IDGTermEasement.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Idaho Department of Lands Regulations & Policies IDPA 20.03.08 Idaho Code 58-603 Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 03IDGTermEasement.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative The Idaho Department of Lands (IDL) requires a Term Easement for access across state lands and for right of ways across state lands. Note, an easement is not required for lands covered under a Geothermal Lease.

9

Texas’ Senate Bill 5 Legislation for Reducing Pollution in Non-Attainment and Affected Areas: Procedures for Measuring Electricity Savings from the Adoption of the International Energy Conservation Code (IRC/IECC 2001) in New Residences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Four areas in Texas have been designated by the EPA as non-attainment areas because ozone levels exceed the NAAQS maximum allowable limits, Beaumont-Port Arthur, El Paso, Dallas-Ft. Worth, and Houston-Galveston-Brazoria. These areas face severe sanctions if attainment is not reached by 2007. Four additional areas in the state are also approaching national ozone limits (i.e., affected areas), including: Austin, Corpus Christi, San Antonio, and the Longview-Tyler-Marshall area.

Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Turner, W. D.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Texas Senate Bill 5 Legislation for Reducing Pollution in Non-Attainment and Affected Areas: An Overview of Legislative Responsibilities, Code Compliance Issues and Accomplishments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The 77th Texas Legislature, in 2001, established Senate Bill 5, SB-5, which addressed NOx emission reductions by establishing programs to reduce vehicle emissions and reductions due to energy efficiency and the use of renewable energy sources. The 78th Texas Legislature further expanded SB-5 into code certification for code officials and above code programs. Using data available from the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, TCEQ, the EPA and new procedures developed by the Laboratory, the annual energy savings calculated in 2003 from energy-code compliant new residential construction in non-attainment and affected counties were 252,238 megawatt hours of electricity and 887,564 million Btu of natural gas. The resultant annual NOx reductions were 473 tons. On a peak summer day in 2003, the NOx emissions were 2.44 tons. SB-5 recognized Energy Efficiency / Renewable Energy, EE/RE, as a valid method to reduce emissions. The Energy Systems Laboratory was made responsible for achieving the following goals. 1. Quantify the NOx reductions from EE/RE by county. 2. Assist cities and counties determine the impact of code amendments that they planned to adopt. 3. Conduct training on the IRC / IECC, including ASHRAE 90.1. 4. Set up a certification program for code officials. 5. Assist cities and counties to achieve above code performance. 6. Translate the EE/RE savings into EPA acceptable emissions reductions which can be applied to the State Implementation Plan, SIP.

Culp, C.; Haberl, J. S.; Yazdani, B.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Bryant, J. A.; Turner, W. D.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Texas' Senate Bill 5 Legislation for Reducing Pollution in Non-Attainment and Affected Areas: Procedures for Measuring Electricity Savings from the Adoption of the International Energy Conservation Code (IRC/IECC 2001) in New Residences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Four areas in Texas have been designated by the EPA as non-attainment areas because ozone levels exceed the NAAQS maximum allowable limits, Beaumont-Port Arthur, El Paso, Dallas-Ft. Worth, and Houston-Galveston-Brazoria. These areas face severe sanctions if attainment is not reached by 2007. Four additional areas in the state are also approaching national ozone limits (i.e., affected areas), including: Austin, Corpus Christi, San Antonio, and the Longview-Tyler-Marshall area. In 2001, the Texas State Legislature formulated and passed Senate Bill 5 to further reduce ozone levels by encouraging the reduction of emissions of NOx by sources that are currently not regulated by the TNRCC, including area sources (e.g., residential emissions), on-road mobile sources (e.g., all types of motor vehicles), and non-road mobile sources (e.g., aircraft, locomotives, etc.). An important part of this legislation is the evaluation of the State's energy efficiency programs, which includes reductions in energy use and demand that are associated with specific energy conservation measures. This paper outlines the procedures that are being developed to report the electricity savings associated with the adoption of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC 2001) in residential construction in non-attainment and affected counties. These electricity savings will then be converted to NOx reductions using the appropriate

Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Turner, W. D.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

What's InsIde?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fossil Energy Techline, "DOE Releases Draft EIS Statement for Fossil Energy Techline, "DOE Releases Draft EIS Statement for FutureGen Project." The US Department of Energy (DOE) has released a Draft Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for the FutureGen Project, a detailed document describing the potential environmental effects of constructing the state-of-the-art 275-megawatt coal-fired power plant with hydrogen production capabilities. The near zero-emissions plant will use carbon sequestration technology to capture carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) emissions from the plant and pump the gas underground for permanent storage. The draft EIS provides detailed descriptions of the proposed power plant, CO 2 capture and storage methods, monitoring

13

What's InsIde?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

far into the future. Additionally, the mandate makes the state the first to require that energy imports adhere to New Jersey's standards. The New Jersey Department of...

14

What's InsIde?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(contInued) Biopact, "Towards Carbon-Negative Bioenergy: U.S. Senator Introduces Biochar Legislation." Legislation focused on carbon-negative bioenergy production was...

15

What's InsIde?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Regional Partner Launches Drilling Test in Regional Partner Launches Drilling Test in DOE's Carbon Sequestration Program." The Plains CO 2 Reduction Partnership (PCOR), one of the seven Department of Energy (DOE) Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships, has begun a small-scale geologic field test as part of their validation phase efforts which will focus on carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) storage in a lignite seam in Burke County, North Dakota. The PCOR Partnership, managed by the University of North Dakota's Energy and Environmental Research Center, will partner with Eagle Operating Inc. of Kenmare, North Dakota to conduct the two-year, two-phased test. During phase one, data about the coal seam will be collected in order to evaluate the

16

A methodology to evaluate energy savings and NOx emissions reductions from the adoption of the 2000 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) to new residences in non-attainment and affected counties in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Currently, four areas of Texas have been designated by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as non-attainment areas because they exceeded the national one-hour ground-level ozone standard of 0.12 parts-per-million (ppm). Ozone is formed in the atmosphere by the reaction of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) and Nitrogen Oxides (NOx) in the presence of heat and sunlight. In May 2002, The Texas State Legislature passed Senate Bill 5, the Texas Emissions Reduction Plan (TERP), to reduce the emissions of NOx by several sources. As part of the 2001 building energy performance standards program which is one of the programs in the TERP, the Texas Legislature established the 2000 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) as the state energy code. Since September 1, 2001, the 2000 IECC has been required for newly constructed single and multifamily houses in Texas. Therefore, this study develops and applies portions of a methodology to calculate the energy savings and NOx emissions reductions from the adoption of the 2000 IECC to new single family houses in non-attainment and affected counties in Texas. To accomplish the objectives of the research, six major tasks were developed: 1) baseline data collection, 2) development of the 2000 IECC standard building simulation, 3) projection of the number of building permits in 2002, 4) comparison of energy simulations, 5) validation and, 6) NOx emissions reduction calculations. To begin, the 1999 standard residential building characteristics which are the baseline construction data were collected, and the 2000 IECC standard building characteristics were reviewed. Next, the annual and peak-day energy savings were calculated using the DOE-2 building energy simulation program. The building characteristics and the energy savings were then crosschecked using the data from previous studies, a site visit survey, and utility billing analysis. In this thesis, several case study houses are used to demonstrate the validation procedure. Finally, the calculated electricity savings (MWh/yr) were then converted into the NOx emissions reductions (tons/yr) using the EPA's eGRID database. The results of the peak-day electricity savings and NOx emissions reductions using this procedure are approximately twice the average day electricity savings and NOx emissions reductions.

Im, Piljae

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

What's InsIde? Announcements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

July 2013 July 2013 hIghlIghts "MRCSP Begins Field Tests in Michigan" The Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (MRCSP), led by Battelle, announced the beginning of a large-scale carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) injection in Michigan's Northern Reef Trend. The project is designed to inject and monitor at least 1 million metric tons of CO 2 into a series of oil fields that are in different stages of their production life cycles. The first test in the series will inject up to 500,000 metric tons of CO 2 into an oil field that has undergone primary production and enhanced oil recovery (EOR) for several years and is now near the end of its productive life. During the

18

What's InsIde? Announcements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

joint project has the potential to transform how industrial CO 2 emissions in the oil sands and other industrial facilities are managed. A demonstration-scale algal...

19

What's InsIde? Announcements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

August 2013 hIghlIghts "MSU and Partners Send Carbon Dioxide Deep Underground in Regional Experiment" and "Ancient Lava Flows Trap CO 2 for Long-Term Storage in Big Sky Injection."...

20

U User r Gu ide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... he “Detection ss on Detectio ed in the com in the selecte the left and r 9 n” tab will dis on tab - as sh mand (= cons ed video file right iris imag ...

2011-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "monox ide nonattainment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Nancy Ide, Jean Vronis Vassar College (Poughkeepsie, NY)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for encoding a wide range of dictionaries, and is flexible enough to accomodate many esoteric dictionaries

Ide, Nancy

22

Detailed Description of Data for Texas' Senate Bill 5 Legislation for Reducing Pollution in Non-Attainment and Affected Areas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This is the report for detailed description of data what was used in the research for Senate Bill 5: Texas Emissions Reduction Plan (TERP). Basically this report is a manual for attached CD-ROM. The attached CD-ROM contains all data, documents, figures and spreadsheets that were used for this research. All files were categorized and divided into several folders in the CD-ROM. The detailed accomplishments and progress to date for the project are also able to access from the annual report to the Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission which is included in the CDROM.

Im, P.; Haberl, J. S.; Ahmad, M.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

InsideIllinois About InsIde IllInoIs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the chart below. Minimum line screen is 85 lpi. Make sure all elements are grayscale for black and white ads papers are usually smaller and full-page ads are not available. Our pre-printed insert rate is lower than. The circulation is 12,400. sCHedule & deAdlInes AdmInIstrAtIve ProfessIonAl reCoGnItIon Ads (APrIl 17, 2014

Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

24

Two-CoLumN FormATTINg guIde  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

R.L. Gibbey et al., Fast Breeder Reactor Fuel Performance. (LaGrange Park, IL: ... Structural Metals at High Temperature” (Report ORNL/TM-5969,. Oak Ridge ...

25

Texas’ Senate Bill 5 Legislation for Reducing Pollution in Non-Attainment and Affected Areas: Report for the TERP Advisory Board Meeting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report outlines the Energy Systems Laboratory's responsibilities in Senate Bill 5, accomplishments to date, recommendations to the TERP Advisory Group, and problems encountered to date and what is needed to fulfill the Laboratory's responsibilities. A section of this report also discusses the technology of reporting and verifying emissions reductions from the energy used in buildings, and presents an overview of the technologies for reducing energy use in buildings.

Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Turner, W. D.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Texas’ Senate Bill 5 Legislation for Reducing Pollution in Non-Attainment and Affected Areas: Annual Report to the Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This is the first annual report by the Energy Systems Laboratory, which covers the Laboratory's efforts to support Senate Bill 5. In this report the accomplishments and progress to date are presented, along with recommendations, issues encountered to date and what is needed to fulfill the Laboratory's responsibilities. A section of this report also discusses the technology of reporting and verifying emissions reductions from the energy used in buildings, and presents an overview of the technologies for reducing energy use in buildings. Preliminary findings are also presented regarding the estimation of NOx reduction from several building-related energy conservation measures, and recommendations are provided regarding improvements to the NOx accounting methods.

Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Turner, W. D.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

CIEAEM 57 Italie Italy Foire aux ides, Session de Poster Piazza Armerina, Forum of Ideas, Poster Session  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of electrical energy, renewable and non-renewable sources of energy, energy from unconventional sources, wind. Atmosphere movement energy, that is wind energy, is a converted form of solar energy. Wind is generated that only maximum 2% of solar energy reaching Earth is subject to conversion into wind kinetic energy, which

Spagnolo, Filippo

28

Integrated Data Environment for Analysis andControl of Energy Consumption (IDE-ACE) inSurface Coal Mining.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The U.S. mining industry consumes a significant amount of energy, primarily diesel fuel and electricity. A recent study by the U.S. Department of Energy indicates… (more)

Bogunovic, Dragan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Behavior of Aqueous Electrolytes in Steam Cycles: The Final Report on the Solubility and Volatility of Copper (I) and Copper (II) Ox ides  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Uncontrolled copper transport represents a potentially significant source of performance and reliability loss to fossil plants with mixed-metallurgy feedwater systems. Utility experiences over the last 10 years with severe copper turbine fouling and other related problems identified the need for basic fundamental research to improve industry understanding of the volatility and solubility of copper and its oxides.

2004-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

30

Comparative effectiveness studies to improve clinical outcomes in end stage renal disease: the DEcIDE patient outcomes in end stage renal disease study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MD, USA. 3 Division of Nephrology, University of Manitoba,Manitoba, Canada. 4 Department of Epidemiology, Johns

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

PeStIcIde PolIcIeS & ProcedUreS Dr. Fred Fishel, Associate Professor, Dept. of Agronomy and Pesticide Information Office  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-- comprising 99.2% of all crops grown in the state #12;BackgroundBackground Agricultural pesticide exposure blood and urine concentration levels for biomarkers HEALTH EFFECT Incidence of pesticide- related grown Total Crops by CountyTotal Crops by County #12;MethodsMethods Narrow list of pesticidesNarrow list

Choate, Paul M.

32

Detailed Analysis of the Builder Option Packages for Climate Zones 3,4,5, and 6 for Texas' Senate Bill 5 Legislation for Reducing Pollution in Non-Attainment and Affected Areas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report is a detailed description of the analysis completed on the Energy Star Builder Option Packages (BOPs) using the Energy Systems Laboratory’s (ESL) Code Compliant Test Suite of Tools. This report outlines the basic procedure, which was followed. A description of the Test Suite, along with a detailed explanation of the naming the procedure of the different runs is also a part of this report. A CD-ROM is also provided which has all the 137 runs, inputs and outputs, the window inputs and the summary spreadsheets. BOPs for climate zones 3,4,5 and 6 were submitted for approval to ESL on April 29,2002. It was stated that the suggested BOPs were 10 to 15% less consumptive than the IECC chapter 4/5 house. Analysis was done on these BOPs and the BOPs which were less consumptive than the standard house were posted on the ESL’s website. The same tables have also been included in this report along with the detailed spreadsheets.

Ahmad, M.; Haberl, J. S.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

3DXRD Characterization of GNDs and Deformation Twins in ?-Ti  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... ?-Ti using the 3DXRD station 34-ID-E at the Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory. ... Research at APS 34-ID-E, partly funded by BES/ DOE.

34

Detailed Analysis of Thermal Mass Effects in a Code-Traceable DOE-2 Simulation of the 2000 IECC for a Single-Family Residence in Texas: A Project for Texas' Senate Bill 5 Legislation for Reducing Pollution in Nonattainment and Affected Areas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study examines the thermal mass effects in a code-traceable DOE-2 simulation of the 2000 IECC (International Energy Conservation Code) for a single-family residence in Texas. This report is composed of two major simulations: 1) the simulation according to the location of the insulation of IECC2000, and 2) the simulation according to the types of real brick and block walls which are practically used at the residential house. In this study, the 2000 IECC was used to develop the base case simulation model in Houston, Texas. The DOE-2 energy simulation program was used to analyze changes to the annual energy use caused by changing various building materials. The best energy conservative material layout was then chosen that contained reduced annual energy use, peak cooling and heating loads, and peak day electricity use.

Kim, S.; Haberl, J. S.

2008-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

35

Areas Participating in the Reformulated Gasoline Program (Released in the STEO June 1999)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Section 107(d) of the Clean Air Act, as amended in 1990 (the Act), required States to identify all areas that do not meet the national ambient air quality standards (NAAQS) for ozone, and directed EPA to designate these areas as ozone nonattainment areas. Section 181 of the Act required EPA to classify each area as a marginal, moderate, serious, severe or extreme ozone nonattainment area. EPA classified all areas that were designated as in nonattainment for ozone at the time of the enactment of the 1990 Amendments, except for certain "nonclassifiable" areas (56 FR 56694, November 6, 1991).

Information Center

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

DEREGULATION AND RESOURCE RECONFIGURATION IN THE ELECTRIC UTILITY INDUSTRY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to appeal to a greater number of customers. This is why weAabakken (2004), the number of customers participating inNumber of nonattainment areas Residential proportion of customers

Delmas, Magali A; Russo, Michael V.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Deregulation and Resource Reconfiguration In The Electric Utility Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to appeal to a greater number of customers. This is why weAabakken (2004), the number of customers participating inNumber of nonattainment areas Residential proportion of customers

Delmas, Magali; Russo, Michael V.; Montes-Sancho, Maria J.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

California Energy Commission STAFF REPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Solazyme, Incorporated, "Development of Pilot Production Plants for Soladiesel RD Utilizing) Renewable Diesel Solazyme, Inc. In Progress Non-Attainment (All) Source: Energy Commission staff analysis as a high percentage of sensitive populations. #12;2 Project Name Solazyme, Incorporated

39

6 magazine a u t u m n 2 0 1 1 a u t u m n 2 0 1 1 magazine 7  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Solazyme, Incorporated, "Development of Pilot Production Plants for Soladiesel RD Utilizing) Renewable Diesel Solazyme, Inc. In Progress Non-Attainment (All) Source: Energy Commission staff analysis as a high percentage of sensitive populations. #12;2 Project Name Solazyme, Incorporated

Duong, Timothy Q.

40

Preliminary assessment of the impact of commercial aircraft on local air quality in the U.S.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis examines the impact of aircraft emissions on local air quality by performing two analyses: an assessment of U.S. commercial aircraft contribution to county budgets of primary pollutants in nonattainment areas, ...

Ratliff, Gayle L. (Gayle Lois)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "monox ide nonattainment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Eastern States Harness Clean Energy to Promote Air Quality  

SciTech Connect

States on the East Coast are including renewable energy and energy efficiency projects into their air quality plans that they submit to the EPA to address nonattainment for nitrogen oxides and other pollutants.

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

ICTNET at Web Track 2010 Spam Task  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Ichiro Ide, and Shinichi Satoh, PageRank with Text Similarity and Video Near-Duplicate Constraints for News Story Re-ranking, MMM 2010, LNCS ...

2011-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

43

Graduiertenschule BayNAT macht die ersten Schritte ..................................................................1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Kraftwerke zur Umwandlung von Meeresenergien ­ Eine spannende Idee wird Realität 15.06.2010 Prof. Dr. Erich

Schmidt, Matthias

44

X-Ray and Neutron Diffraction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 20, 2010 ... Advanced X-Ray Scattering Techniques for Multi-Length Scale ... ?-Ti using the 3DXRD station 34-ID-E at the Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory. ... Research at APS 34-ID-E, partly funded by BES/DOE.

45

On the use of NAND flash memory in high-performance relational databases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High-density NAND flash storage has become relatively inexpensive due to the popularity of various consumer electronics. Recently, several manufacturers have released IDE-compatible NAND flash-based drives in sizes up to ...

Myers, Daniel (Daniel Sumers)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

ANNUAL REPORT ACCELERATOR DIVISION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the facility is LBL and SLAC. The six-sided sto- the end ofstorage ring at in SLAC. ',hich colI ide The two-mile-longActual work began with the SLAC linac The contract involved

Authors, Various

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Optimizing mixer geometries for dielectrophoretic micro-concentrators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dielectrophoretic (DEP) force, generated by interdigitated electrodes (IDEs), has been utilized to capture bio-particles for microfluidic concentration. However, due to the localized DEP force, DEP-based ,/ -concentrators ...

Lee, Hsu-Yi

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Laser Inertial Fusion-based Energy: Neutronic Design Aspects of a Hybrid Fusion-Fission Nuclear Energy System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Code MFE Magnetic Fusion Energy MOX Mixed Oxide NES Nuclearreprocessing mixed oxide (MOX) fuels, as will be discussedbegun using Mixed ox- ide or MOX fuel as a means of both

Kramer, Kevin James

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Laboratory Investigations in Support of Carbon Dioxide-Limestone...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MA 01854 617-253-6595 eeadams@mit.edu Laboratory InvestIgatIons In support of Carbon DIoxIDe-LImestone sequestratIon In the oCean Background Many approaches have been proposed...

50

Agricultural and Resource Economics Update  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

chain to provide more access to biofuel products. Ide-R&D will result in new biofuel products that can be mixedthe period of relatively low biofuel prices faced financial

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

A survey of the liberalisation of public enterprises in the UK since 1979  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for providing detailed comments. The usual disclaimer applies. Financial support from the IDE’s ‘Deregulation and Institutional Frameworks’ project is gratefully acknowledged. 1 Source: CSO (1987) UK National Accounts 1987 Edition. 2 Source: CSO (1993) UK... exchange (eg. British Petroleum) or which operated in competitive markets were privatised (Amersham and Associated British Ports) were sold off. It was during the second administration 1983-87 that the privatisation of major utilities began...

Pollitt, Michael G.

2004-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

52

Air quality impacts of highway construction and scheduling. Research report, September 1996--May 1998  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In addition to the state`s four urban areas currently designated as non-attainment areas, there is one maintenance area and four non-attainment areas. A large proportion of the state`s population resides within these nine urban areas. This project provides information to the Texas Department of Transportation on the impacts of highway construction on corridor and regional mobile source emissions inventories. The project also provides information on the additional construction costs incurred by highway contractors who are required to participate in ozone alert programs. This information will allow the Department to make more informed policy decisions on whether or not to include highway construction projects in ozone alert programs.

Perkinson, D.G.

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Economics of Electric Compressors for Gas Transmission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Three new factors are coming together to motivate gas pipeline firms to consider electric motors for replacement of older reciprocating gas engines for compressor systems, and for new compressor installations. These factors are environmental regulations, economics, and new compressor technology. In ozone Non-Attainment regions, it is necessary to bring gas compressors into compliance with NOx regulations, and replacement with new electric systems represents a Lowest Achievable Emission Rate (LAER) option. Outside of these regions, new electric drives as well as gas fueled reciprocating engines and turbines are being considered for replacement of older reciprocating gas engines and compressor units, based on improved operating efficiency. We review here the impacts of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 and economics on the selection process for considering electric drives versus alternatives for both ozone Non-Attainment areas and Attainment areas.

Schmeal, W. R.; Hibbs, J. J.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Calculation of NOx Emissions Reductions From Energy Efficient Residential Building Construction in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Four areas in Texas have been designated by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as non-attainment areas because ozone pollution levels exceed the National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) maximum allowable limits. These areas face severe sanctions if attainment is not reached by 2007. This paper provides an overview of the procedures that have been developed and used to calculate the electricity savings and NOx reductions from code-compliant residential construction in non-attainment and affected counties. This paper reviews the calculation methods and presents results that show the 2003 annual electricity and natural gas savings and NOx reductions from implementation of the 2000 IECC to single-family and multi-family residences in 2003, which use a code-tracable DOE-2 simulation. A discussion of the development of a web-based emissions reductions calculator is also discussed.

Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.; Gilman, D.; Yazdani, B.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Muns, S.

2006-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

55

Calculation of Nox Emissions Reductions from Energy Efficient Residential Building Construction in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Four areas in Texas have been designated by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as non-attainment areas because ozone pollution levels exceed the National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) maximum allowable limits. These areas face severe sanctions if attainment is not reached by 2007. This paper provides an overview of the procedures that have been developed and used to calculate the electricity savings and NOx reductions from code-compliant residential construction in non-attainment and affected counties. This paper reviews the calculation methods and presents results that show the 2003 annual electricity and natural gas savings and NOx reductions from implementation of the 2000 IECC to single-family and multi-family residences in 2003, which use a code-traceable DOE-2 simulation. A discussion of the development of a web-based emissions reductions calculator is also discussed.

Haberl, J.; Culp, C.; Gilman, D.; Baltazar-Cervantes, J. C.; Yazdani, B.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Muns, S.; Verdict, M.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Ozone Modeling for Compliance Planning: A Synopsis of "The Use of Photochemical Air Quality Models for Evaluating Emission Control Strategies--A Synthesis Report"  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments require that many nonattainment areas use gridded, photochemical air quality models to develop compliance plans for meeting the ambient ozone standard. This report reviews the status of photochemical air models--the computer simulation programs that will be used to set emission control programs to meet ground level (tropospheric) ozone standards currently in use for regulatory planning. Regulatory application guidelines are discussed, as are the limitations and reliabili...

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Rail Yard Switcher Locomotive Electrification Potential  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rail yards have been under recent scrutiny due to concerns that emissions from their locomotives and equipment degrade local air quality and lead to negative health effects in nearby communities. Thus, rail yard emissions control has become an increasing public policy priority, particularly in regions characterized as non-attainment under National Ambient Air Quality Standards. For railroad operations, electricity may be an ideal alternative to diesel fuel in certain applications and locations due to its...

2012-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

58

Retrofit NOx Control Guidelines for Gas- and Oil-Fired Boilers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ground-level ozone concentrations continue to exceed the federal health-based standard in many parts of the country, especially urban areas. This condition led Congress to include in the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 a requirement that states with nonattainment regions implement regulations to reduce NOx from all sources, including utility boilers. By providing a summary and analysis of all the available information on NOx control techniques for gas-and oil-fired boilers, this document can help utilit...

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Austin-Bergstrom International Airport Electrification: Landside Vehicle and Airside Equipment Operations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Air quality standards nonattainment issues have become an increasingly pressing issue for airports located in metropolitan areas. Research has shown that reduction of ground support equipment (GSE) emissions will be instrumental in meeting emissions standards and facilitating low environmental impact growth. Austin-Bergstrom International Airport (ABIA)located about eight miles southeast of downtown Austin, Texas, and supporting a narrow-body aircraft fleetprovides the perfect test venue for replacing ex...

2011-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

60

Air quality trends in Region VIII (1979 data). Final report  

SciTech Connect

Air quality trends and status for the calendar year 1979 were determined for the six states in Region VIII. These states include Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah and Wyoming. Data resident in the SAROAD national data bank was analyzed. Statistical test which detect significant differences between two populations were utilized to identify trends. The status and severity of air pollutants was reported as a direct measure of air quality in each nonattainment area.

Tabor, W.H.; Entzminger, T.A.; Bell, S.C.

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "monox ide nonattainment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

The PeTroleum InsTITuTe Annual report 2008 -2009 The PeTroleum InsTITuTe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-unIveRsITy of mARylAnd evAluATIng solId oxIde fuel cell sysTems foR5. oPeRATIon on PeTRoleum off-gAses wITh conARylAnd sImulATIon, oPTImIzATIon And conTRol of solId6. oxIde fuel cell sysTems dR. AlI AlmAnsooRI (PI) d Cell (SOFC) Systems for Operation on Petroleum Off-Gases with Contaminants This project is one

62

IntellIgence Added downsized diagnostics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IntellIgence Added FA L L 10 InsIde: downsized diagnostics Instant Messenger solar panel windmill plug-in vehicle smart meter smart appliance utility substation transformer a/c How Systems Engineers systems, and nanotechnologies, to name a few, and link these promising research efforts with the resources

Goldberg, Bennett

63

Making a strong business case for multiagent technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we describe lessons learned in commercializing and implementing agent-based systems in real-world business situations. Most notably we discuss gains in programmer productivity achieved by using AdaptivEnterprise, a commercial IDE and J2EE ... Keywords: AdaptivEnterprise, Agentis, function point analysis

Steve S. Benfield; Jim Hendrickson; Daniel Galanti

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

A middleware-based approach for heterogeneous wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks (WSN) are networked embedded systems that use small size devices with some processing and short-range radio communication capabilities for monitoring and controlling systems and environments. However, languages and IDE (Integrated ... Keywords: heterogeneous networks, middleware, wireless sensor networks

F. Graziosi; L. Pomante; D. Pacifico

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

FacultyRecognition Grants and Contracts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a proposal to the Department of Energy (DoE) to design, construct, and operate an adv anced wind turbine meters long. The DoE will prov ide $2 million to construct the wind turbine testing lab in Ingleside Media with Single- and Two-Phase Flow" was co-authored by Hadi A. Belhaj, PhD, new assistant prof essor

Zhang, Yuanlin

66

Publications Received Books listed below that are marked with a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

technology series, edited by Nancy Ide and Jean V ´eronis, volume 21), 2003, xxxi+482 pp; hardbound, ISBN 1) #12;118 Computational Linguistics Volume 30, Number 1 (Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright117 Publications Received Books listed below that are marked with a have been selected for review

67

A code reuse interface for non-programmer middle school students  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe a code reuse tool for use in the Looking Glass IDE, the successor to Storytelling Alice [17], which enables middle school students with little to no programming experience to reuse functionality they find in programs written by others. Users ... Keywords: code reuse, end user, looking glass, middle school, non-programmer, storytelling alice

Paul A. Gross; Micah S. Herstand; Jordana W. Hodges; Caitlin L. Kelleher

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

HIGH LEWIS NUMBER COMBUSTION WAVEFRONTS JOHN HORNIBROOK*, SANJEEVA BALASURIYAy, AND ST'EPHANE LAFORTUNEz  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HIGH LEWIS NUMBER COMBUSTION WAVEFRONTS JOHN HORNIBROOK*, SANJEEVA BALASURIYAy method shows that such wavefronts are inherently unstable. Key words. Combustion waves, high Lewis and stability of a combustion wavefront along a one-dimensional medium. This is a fundamental ide- alized

Sydney, University of

69

Motion control for a vertical rigid rotor rotating in electromagnetic bearings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The problems of control of a motion of a rigid rotor in electromagnetic bearings are considered. The main ides of synthesis of the control laws is the approach based on feedback linearization of the original nonlinear mathematical model of the system. ...

D. V. Balandin; M. M. Kogan

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Institute for Software Technology Maintenance Proze  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Maintenance Institute for Software Technology Ersatz es bestehenden Systems Idee: Maintenance ist teuer. Durch! #12;VU Software Maintenance Institute for Software Technology Fehler im neuen System Software ist Management berĂĽcksichtigt Maintenance-Ziele und Rahmenbedingungen VU Software Maintenance Institute

71

The Eclipse parallel tools platform: toward an integrated development environment for XSEDE resources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Eclipse [1] is a widely used, open source integrated development environment that includes support for C, C++, Fortran, and Python. The Parallel Tools Platform (PTP) [2] extends Eclipse to support development on high performance computers. PTP allows ... Keywords: Eclipse, IDEs, PTP, XSEDE, high performance computing, integrated development environments, parallel tools platform, programming environments

Jay Alameda; Wyatt Spear; Jeffrey L. Overbey; Kevin Huck; Gregory R. Watson; Beth Tibbitts

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

More than an interface: scsi vs. ata  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper sets out to clear up a misconception prominent in the storage community today, that SCSI disc drives and IDE (ATA) disc drives are the same technology internally, and differ only in their external interface and in their suggested retail price. ...

Dave Anderson; Jim Dykes; Erik Riedel

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Digital image correlation used for mechanical tests on crimped glass wool samples  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ET,England. Doumas, Department, of Archaeology & History of Art, University Campus, 157 84 Ilissia, Athcns, Greece. Sarpaki Department. of History & Archaeology, IJniversity of Crete, Rethymno 74 100 for a sail, a large cloak,a funeraryshroud).The ide- ogram translated as wool is derived from Lin- ear A

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

74

c INRA/DIB-AGIB/EDP Sciences, 2010 DOI: 10.1051/apido/2010050  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ET,England. Doumas, Department, of Archaeology & History of Art, University Campus, 157 84 Ilissia, Athcns, Greece. Sarpaki Department. of History & Archaeology, IJniversity of Crete, Rethymno 74 100 for a sail, a large cloak,a funeraryshroud).The ide- ogram translated as wool is derived from Lin- ear A

Starks, Philip

75

M. Amin/ Automation, Control, and Complexity: An Integrated Approach, Samad & Weyrauch (Eds.), John Wiley and Sons, pp. 263-286,2000 National Infrastructures as Complex  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

current limiter SOFC Solid oxide fuel cell SSRes Residual or error sum of squares SRP Salt River Project- ~650 °C H2, CO, CH4, other hydro- carbon >50% 200 kW - MW, CHP Solid oxide FC (SOFC) Solid Ox- ide

Amin, S. Massoud

76

DOE Joint Genome Institute 2008 Progress Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ries Oak Ri a ato nt o DO me e DOE l labor amos, onAlph ar tio teg ac ana hem dP or B DOE m ogeoc ides in tional achesmanufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute

Gilbert, David

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 45574576, 2011 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/11/4557/2011/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-4557-2011 © Author(s) 2011. CC Attribution 3.0 License. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Modeling the Frozen- acterized by low potential vorticity (PV) and high nitrous ox- ide (N2O), was advected poleward and became) chemistry and transport model, the GEOS-5/MERRA Replay model, and the Van Leer Icosahe- dral Triangular

Meskhidze, Nicholas

78

Clean air amendments put big burden on refinery planners  

SciTech Connect

The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 will not only require the production of reformulated gasoline but also have significant impact on other refinery-related construction. This must be considered when developing sound planning strategy. The three titles of the Clean Air Act Amendments that will have the greatest effect on refining are: Title I: Nonattainment; Title III: Air toxics; Title V: Permitting. To understand the ramifications of these amendments, it is necessary to review the interactions of new requirements with the permitting and construction schedule shown.

Scherr, R.C.; Smalley, G.A. Jr.; Norman, M.E. (ENSR Consulting and Engineering, Houston, TX (US))

1991-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

79

Modeling the Transport and Chemical Evolution of Onshore and Offshore Emissions and their Impact on Local and Regional Air Quality Using a Variable-Grid-Resolution Air Quality Model  

SciTech Connect

This research project has two primary objectives: (1) to further develop and refine the Multiscale Air Quality Simulation Platform-Variable Grid Resolution (MAQSIP-VGR) model, an advanced variable-grid-resolution air quality model, to provide detailed, accurate representation of the dynamical and chemical processes governing the fate of anthropogenic emissions in coastal environments; and (2) to improve current understanding of the potential impact of onshore and offshore oil and gas exploration and production (E&P) emissions on O{sub 3} and particulate matter nonattainment in the Gulf of Mexico and surrounding states.

Kiran Alapaty; Adel Hanna

2006-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

80

Guidance for growth factors, projections, and control strategies for the 15 percent rate-of-progress plans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Section 182(b)(1) of the Clean Air Act (Act) requires all ozone nonattainment areas classified as moderate and above to submit a State Implementation Plan (SIP) revision by November 15, 1993, which describes, in part, how the areas will achieve an actual volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions reduction of at least 15 percent during the first 6 years after enactment of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA). In addition, the SIP revision must describe how any growth in emissions from 1990 through 1996 will be fully offset. It is important to note that section 182(b)(1) also requires the SIP for moderate areas to provide for reductions in VOC and nitrogen oxides (NOx) emissions as necessary to attain the national primary ambient air quality standard for ozone by November 15, 1996. The guidance document focuses on the procedures for developing 1996 projected emissions inventories and control measures which moderate and above ozone nonattainment areas must include in their rate-of-progress plans. The document provides technical guidance to support the policy presented in the 'General Preamble: Implementation of Title I of the CAAA of 1990' (57 FR 13498).

Not Available

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "monox ide nonattainment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Methodology to Calculate NOx Emissions Reductions from the Implementation of the 2000 IECC/IRC Conservation Code in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Four areas in Texas have been designated by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as non-attainment areas because ozone levels exceed the National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) maximum allowable limits. These areas face severe sanctions if attainment is not reached by 2007. Four additional areas in the state are also approaching national ozone limits (i.e., affected areas). In 2001, the Texas State Legislature formulated and passed the Texas Emissions Reduction Plan (TERP), to reduce ozone levels by encouraging the reduction of emissions of NOx by sources that are currently not regulated by the state. An important part of this legislation is the State's energy efficiency program, which includes reductions in energy use and demand that are associated with the adoption of the 2001 IECC, which represents one of the first times that the EPA is considering emissions reductions credits from energy conservation - an important new development for building efficiency professionals, since this could pave the way for documented procedures for financial reimbursement for building energy conservation from the state's emissions reductions funding. This paper provides a detailed discussion of the procedures that have been used to calculate the electricity savings and NOx reductions from residential construction in non-attainment and affected counties using the eGRID database. The previous paper by Haberl et al. (2004) presents results from the application of the methodology that is detailed in this paper.

Haberl, J. S.; Im, P.; Culp, C.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Calculation of NOx Emission Reduction from Implementation of the 2000 IECC/IRC Conservation Code in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Four areas in Texas have been designated by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as non-attainment areas because ozone levels exceed the National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) maximum allowable limits. These areas face severe sanctions if attainment is not reached by 2007. Four additional areas in the state are also approaching national ozone limits (i.e., affected areas)1. In 2001, the Texas State Legislature formulated and passed Senate Bill 5 to reduce ozone levels by encouraging the reduction of emissions of NOx by sources that are currently not regulated by the state2. An important part of this legislation is the State's energy efficiency program, which includes reductions in energy use and demand that are associated with the adoption of the 2001 IECC3, which represents one of the first times that the EPA is considering emissions reductions credits from energy conservation - an important new development for building efficiency professionals, since this could pave the way for documented procedures for financial reimbursement for building energy conservation from the state's emissions reductions funding. This paper reviews the procedures that have been used to calculate the electricity savings from residential construction in non-attainment and affected counties. Results are presented that show the annual electricity savings and NOx reductions from implementation of the 2001 IECC to single family residences in 2002, which use the DOE-2 simulation program.

Turner, W. D.; Yazdani, B.; Im, P.; Verdict, M.; Bryant, J.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

J K L M N O P Q R S J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Iacono, John (John Iacono) - Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Polytechnic Institute of New York University Iamnitchi, Adriana (Adriana Iamnitchi) - Computer Science and Engineering, University of South Florida Iannone, Luigi (Luigi Iannone) - Institut Deutsche Telekom Laboratories, Technische Universität Berlin Ìayr, Richard (Richard Ìayr) - School of Informatics, University of Edinburgh Ibarra, Louis (Louis Ibarra) - School of Computer Science, Telecommunications and Information Systems, DePaul University Ichimura, Naoyuki (Naoyuki Ichimura) - Neuroscience Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) Ide, Nancy (Nancy Ide) - Department of Computer Science, Vassar

84

1pagertmplt.qxd  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Right: Images Right: Images from the stud- ies carried out on APS beam- line 2-ID-E. a) X-ray fluo- rescence maps of a cell trans- fected with "free" titanium oxide (Ti) crys- tals, showing that most of the Ti nanoparticles (green) are located outside the cells. b) X-ray fluorescence maps of a cell transfected with titanium oxide nanocomposites, showing introduction of the nanocompos- ites in the cell. Inset: The hard x- ray microscope at 2-ID-E. The specimen is located inside the orange enclosure. A novel, light-activated hybrid "nanodevice" composed of titani- um oxide nanocrystals and carefully selected segments of DNA could one day be used to target the defective genes that play a role in can- cer, neurological diseases, and other conditions. The work that has

85

Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Biotechnology --  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

J K L M N O P Q R S J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Ide, Kayo (Kayo Ide) - Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, University of California at Los Angeles IngĂłlfsson, Ă“lafur (Ă“lafur IngĂłlfsson) - Institute of Earth Sciences & Department of Geology and Geography, University of Iceland Innanen, Kristopher A. (Kristopher A. Innanen) - Department of Physics, University of Houston Ito, Garrett (Garrett Ito) - Department of Geology and Geophysics, University of Hawai'i at Manoa Iwata, Naoyoshi (Naoyoshi Iwata) - Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Yamagata University Go back to Individual Researchers Collections: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Illinois State Geological Survey, Oil and Gas Section

86

Ir I L  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

*- -I ..' -I I... "- II .- (1 "^ 1 6 7 8 9 10 11 LIST O F FIGURES General location of the Granite City Steel Facility , Granite City , Illinois . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 View of the betatron building, look ing south . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 View of the betatron building, look ing west . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Diagram of the ground floor of the betatron building . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Photo showing the larger of the two betatrons (no. 1, Fig. 4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 View of transformer s torage area ins ide the betatron building . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

87

Asian Age  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

suggested that geo-engineering could be used to remove carbon dioxide from the atmos- phere. A range of potential geo- engineering options avail- able for reducing carbon dioxide from atmosphere include artificial trees, algae-coated buildings... change group, Dr Tim Fox, said. Recommending use of algae to reduce carbon diox- ide, the institute said that algae naturally absorb car- bon dioxide through photo- synthesis. Strips of algae can be fitted to the outside of buildings and then peri...

Anon.

2009-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

88

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C8, Supplement au no 12, Tome 49, decembre 1988  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at the onset temperature 0.54 K. Since then, many experimentshave been performed to deter- mine the exact be shifted uni- formly (e.g. towards the U-poor side if uranium ox- ides are present). The samples were in Ta-foil and together with a piece of uranium, that serves as a get- ter, it is put into a quartz tube

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

89

Beamline Phone Numbers| Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Interactive Map Interactive Map Beamlines Map Beamlines Directory Techniques Directory Sectors Directory Beamline Phone Numbers Status and Schedule Beamline Phone Numbers From on-site, dial 2, then a number listed below. From off-site, dial 630-252 and a number listed below. Sector 1 1-BM-A: 1701 1-BM-C: 5468 1-ID: 1801 Sector 2 2-BM: 1702 2-ID-B: 1628 2-ID-D: 1802 2-ID-E: 3711 Sector 3 3-ID: 1803 Sector 4 4-ID-C: 1704 4-ID-D: 1804 Sector 5 5-BM: 1705 5-ID: 1805 Sector 6 6-ID-B: 1806 6-ID-C: 1406 6-ID-D: 1606 Sector 7 7-ID-B: 1607 7-ID-C: 1707 7-ID-D: 1807 7-ID-E: 1207 Sector 8 8-ID-E: 1908 8-ID-I: 1808 Sector 9 9-BM-B: 1709 9-ID-B: 0349 9-ID-C: 1809 Column 95: 4705 Sector 10 10-BM-B: 6792 10-ID-B: 1710 Sector 11 11-BM-B: 5877 11-ID-B: 1711 11-ID-C: 1711 11-ID-D: 2162 Laser lab: 0379 Sector 12 12-BM-B: 0378 12-ID-B,C: 1712

90

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Oxygenate Production Oxygenate Production Definitions Key Terms Definition Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Captive Refinery Oxygenate Plants Oxygenate production facilities located within or adjacent to a refinery complex. Fuel Ethanol An anhydrous denatured aliphatic alcohol intended for gasoline blending as described in Oxygenates definition. Gasohol A blend of finished motor gasoline containing alcohol (generally ethanol but sometimes methanol) at a concentration of 10 percent or less by volume. Data on gasohol that has at least 2.7 percent oxygen, by weight, and is intended for sale inside carbon monoxide nonattainment areas are included in data on oxygenated gasoline. Merchant Oxygenate Plants Oxygenate production facilities that are not associated with a petroleum refinery. Production from these facilities is sold under contract or on the spot market to refiners or other gasoline blenders.

91

Fuel cell and advanced turbine power cycle  

SciTech Connect

Solar has a vested interest in integration of gas turbines and high temperature fuels (particularly solid oxide fuel cells[SOFC]); this would be a backup for achieving efficiencies on the order of 60% with low exhaust emissions. Preferred cycle is with the fuel cell as a topping system to the gas turbine; bottoming arrangements (fuel cells using the gas turbine exhaust as air supply) would likely be both larger and less efficient unless complex steam bottoming systems are added. The combined SOFC and gas turbine will have an advantage because it will have lower NOx emissions than any heat engine system. Market niche for initial product entry will be the dispersed or distributed power market in nonattainment areas. First entry will be of 1-2 MW units between the years 2000 and 2004. Development requirements are outlined for both the fuel cell and the gas turbine.

White, D.J.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

92

Nitrogen Oxide Emission Statements (Ohio) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nitrogen Oxide Emission Statements (Ohio) Nitrogen Oxide Emission Statements (Ohio) Nitrogen Oxide Emission Statements (Ohio) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fuel Distributor Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Utility Program Info State Ohio Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Ohio Environmental Protection Agency This chapter of the law establishes that the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency requires any facility that emits 25 tons or more of NOx and/or 25 tons or more of VOC during the calendar year and is located in a county designated as nonattainment for the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for ozone submit emission statements. Any facility that is located in a county described above is exempt from these requirements. If NOx

93

Program to develop advanced gas turbine systems  

SciTech Connect

The need for an advanced turbine program for land-based engines has been broadly recognized in light of reductions in military funding for turbines, rapid growth in the sale of gas turbines for utility and industrial usage, and the fierce competition with off-shore manufacturers. Only with Government support can US manufacturers meet rapidly changing market conditions such as increased emissions requirements and lower capital cost requirements. In light of this, ATS planning was requested by Congress in the fiscal year (FY) 92 appropriations and is included in thee Energy Policy Act of 1992. The program budget has increased rapidly, with the FY 94 budget including. over $28 million for ATS program activities. The Natural Gas Strategic Plan and Multi-Year Program Crosscut Plan, 1993--1998, includes the ATS program as part of the overall DOE plan for natural gas-related research and development (R&D) activities. Private sector support for the program is sufficient. Three open meetings have been held during the last 2 years to provide an opportunity for industry suggestions and comments. As the result of a public review of the program plan held June 4, 1993, in Pittsburgh, 46 letters of support were received from industry, academia, and others. Gas turbines represent the fastest growing market segment in electrical and cogeneration markets, with over 60 percent of recent installations based on gas turbines. Gas turbine systems offer low installation and operating costs, low emissions (currently with add-on equipment for non-attainment areas), and quick installation (1--2 years). According to the Annual Energy Outlook 1993, electricity and natural gas demand should both grow substantially through 2010. Natural gas-fired gas turbine systems continue to be the prime candidates for much of both new and retrofit capacity in this period. Emissions requirements continue to ratchet downward with single-digit NO{sub x} ppM required in several non-attainment areas in the US

Webb, H.A. [USDOE Morgantown Energy Technology Center, WV (United States); Parks, W.P. [USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

APS User News-at-a-Glance, Issue 45  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5: November 30, 2007 5: November 30, 2007 Advanced Photon Source Argonne National Laboratory www.aps.anl.gov ============================================ CONTENTS MESSAGE FROM MURRAY --Extensive U of C Review Completed SCIENCE NEWS 1. HOLD THE DATE: Upgrade Workshop October 20-21, 2008 2. Featured Beamline: GISAXS at 8-ID-E, Focusing on Nanoscience USER MATTERS 3. Ten Tips for an Easy ESAF FACILITY NEWS 4. Update on XOR Beamline Upgrades 5. APS Response to Violations of APS and Argonne Policies by Users BRIEFLY NOTED -- FY2008 Schedule Posted -- Laboratory Closed for Holidays ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Instructions for subscribing, unsubscribing, and submitting info: http://www.aps.anl.gov/Users/Communications/User_News/

95

NOx Emissions Reductions from Implementation of the 2000 IECC/IRC Conservation Code to Residential Construction in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Four areas in Texas have been designated by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as non-attainment areas because ozone levels exceed the National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) maximum allowable limits. These areas face severe sanctions if attainment is not reached by 2007. Four additional areas in the state are also approaching national ozone limits (i.e., classified as affected areas). In 2001, the Texas State Legislature formulated and passed the Texas Emissions Reduction Plan (TERP), to reduce ozone levels by encouraging the reduction of emissions of NOx by sources that are currently not regulated by the state. An important part of this legislation is the State's energy efficiency program, which includes reductions in energy use and demand that are associated with the adoption of the 2000 IECC1, which represents one of the first times that the EPA is considering emissions reductions credits from energy conservation - an important new development for building efficiency professionals. This paper provides an overview of the procedures that have been developed and used to calculate the electricity savings and NOx reductions from residential construction in nonattainment and affected counties2. Results are presented that show the annual electricity and natural gas savings and NOx reductions from implementation of the 2000 IECC to singlefamily and multi-family residences in 2003, which use a code-traceable DOE-2 simulation. A second paper provides a detailed discussion of the methods used to calculate the emissions 1 This includes the 2001 Supplement to the 2000 IECC and 2000 IRC (IRC 2000, IECC 2001). 2 The procedures outlined in this paper were developed and used in the Laboratory's 2002 and 2003 Annual Report to the TCEQ to satisfy the requirements of the Senate Bill 5 Legislation. In 2003 the Laboratory was awarded a grant from the EPA, which is administered through the TCEQ, to expand the development of these procedures into a webbased tool that would provide state and local authorities with accurate emissions reductions for use in preparing State Implementation Plans. reductions using the eGRID database (Haberl et al. 2004).

Haberl, J. S.; Im, P.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Fitzpatrick, T.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Effects of Varying Nutrient Profiles and Enzyme Supplementation in Broiler Diets on Growth Performance and Energy Digestibility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The current research program was designed to evaluate the impact of various dietary and ingredient nutrient profiles and exogenous enzyme inclusion on growth performance and energy utilization in broilers. Experiment one was designed to observe increasing levels of distillers’ dried grains with Solubles (DDGS) and a non-starch polysaccharide degrading enzyme (NSPase) on energy digestibility. Experiment two evaluated the influence nutrient variation in corn and xylanase supplementation on growth performance and nutrient utilization. In experiment one, DDGS concentration was increased from 0 to 15% in 5% increments and included the addition of an NSPase enzyme. Early broiler body weight and FCR was negatively affected with increasing DDGS concentration up to 15%. The decreased growth performance was associated with a decrease in energy and nitrogen utilization as a linear decrease was observed in IDE, INDC, and AMEn. Addition of the NSPase negated many of the negative effects on nutrient utilization as improvements in all digestibility measurements were observed. Interactions were observed with DDGS concentration and NSPase inclusion as the benefit of enzyme inclusion was augmented as DDGS level increase. Experiment two evaluated different corn crops from six geographical locations in the US in an effort to determine the effects of xylanase inclusion and corn nutrient variation on growth performance and nutrient utilization. Significant differences were observed in growth performance, IDE, and AMEn in broilers when fed corn. Corn source impacted early body weights, and FCR throughout the experiment. Energy utilization was also impacted on all measured parameters, following the starter phase (day 17) and at the conclusion of the trial (day 41) by corn source. Xylanase inclusion improved FCR during the finisher phase as well as the cumulative FCR (day 1-41). Digestibility data indicates that corn source impacts the xylanase effectiveness in young broilers, as improvements were not observed in all corn types. Xylanase inclusion, however, did increase IDE and AMEn in all corn sources on day 41 of age. Data from this research program confirm that ingredient nutrient content, through the presence of ingredients with anti-nutritive properties or the incidence of varying nutrient profiles, does impact observed growth performance as related to reduced nutrient digestibility. Additionally, the inclusion of a dietary exogenous enzyme does improve energy and nitrogen digestibility in broilers, ultimately improving growth performance of broilers and improving efficiency.

Campasino, Ashley 1989-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Development of a Residential Code-Compliant Calculator for the Texas Climate Vision Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has designated four areas in Texas as having unacceptable ozone levels in excess of the National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) limits, leading to a designation as non-attainment areas. One of those areas is Austin, a City already known for its environmental zeal. Austin owns its municipal power provider, Austin Energy (AE). Together, they have embarked on many programs to reduce greenhouse gases while maintaining service levels and providing the best return on capital. Of the stationary emissions, a large percentage is sourced to buildings that have driven Austin to adopt “above code” standards for new buildings. Austin, with assistance from the Energy Systems Laboratory (ESL), extended the IECC 2006 to further strengthen building codes. Funding from the US Department of Energy (DOE) and the Texas State Energy Conservation Office (SECO) has provided an opportunity for Austin Energy to team with ESL to implement a two-year project called the “Texas Climate Vision” (TCV). The mission of TCV is to realize 20%-40% above code homes using a combination of better codes, improved processes, inspection, and information technology. This paper provides an overview of the permitting process of a single-family house and how the web-based software collects, calculates and certifies above-code compliance for each home, while aggregating data and providing value to builders, inspectors and Austin Energy.

Haberl, J. S.; Marshall, K.; Mukhopadhyay, J.; Gilman, D. R.; Stackhouse, R.; Cordes, J.; Yazdani, B.; Culp, C.; Morgan, R.; Montgomery, C.; Liu, Z.

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Configuration and performance of fuel cell-combined cycle options  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The natural gas, indirect-fired, carbonate fuel-cell-bottomed, combined cycle (NG-IFCFC) and the topping natural-gas/solid-oxide fuel-cell combined cycle (NG-SOFCCC) are introduced as novel power-plant systems for the distributed power and on-site markets in the 20-200 mega-watt (MW) size range. The novel NG-IFCFC power-plant system configures the ambient pressure molten-carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) with a gas turbine, air compressor, combustor, and ceramic heat exchanger: The topping solid-oxide fuel-cell (SOFC) combined cycle is not new. The purpose of combining a gas turbine with a fuel cell was to inject pressurized air into a high-pressure fuel cell and to reduce the size, and thereby, to reduce the cost of the fuel cell. Today, the SOFC remains pressurized, but excess chemical energy is combusted and the thermal energy is utilized by the Carnot cycle heat engine to complete the system. ASPEN performance results indicate efficiencies and heat rates for the NG-IFCFC or NG-SOFCCC are better than conventional fuel cell or gas turbine steam-bottomed cycles, but with smaller and less expensive components. Fuel cell and gas turbine systems should not be viewed as competitors, but as an opportunity to expand to markets where neither gas turbines nor fuel cells alone would be commercially viable. Non-attainment areas are the most likely markets.

Rath, L.K.; Le, P.H.; Sudhoff, F.A.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

99

Oil shale up-date  

SciTech Connect

The development of large domestic oil shale resources in an environmentally acceptable manner is technically feasible. Such development is approaching economic attractiveness. It is an essential step in attacking the major national problem: increasing oil imports. Several things have been impeding oil shale development. First, until recently there has been a lack of viable technology. Second, environmental regulations are becoming increasingly restrictive. These have become so unrealistic that the bare undeveloped ground in oil shale country fails to comply. Most of this area is now classified as a nonattainment area. The third reason is economic uncertainty. This relates to price and other governmental controls which make it impossible to predict future conditions with enough confidence to justify private investments. In an effort to overcome this uncertainty, while retaining the impeding controls, all types of governmental incentives and supports are being proposed by the Administration, the Congress, and the industry. This study highlights the current status of the more prominent technologies. It suggest that the next logical step in their advancement is the construction and operation of single full-size retorts or modules.

Pforzheimer, H.

1978-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

ZERO EMISSION POWER GENERATION TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT  

SciTech Connect

Clean Energy Systems (CES) was previously funded by DOE's ''Vision 21'' program. This program provided a proof-of-concept demonstration that CES' novel gas generator (combustor) enabled production of electrical power from fossil fuels without pollution. CES has used current DOE funding for additional design study exercises which established the utility of the CES-cycle for retrofitting existing power plants for zero-emission operations and for incorporation in zero-emission, ''green field'' power plant concepts. DOE funding also helped define the suitability of existing steam turbine designs for use in the CES-cycle and explored the use of aero-derivative turbines for advanced power plant designs. This work is of interest to the California Energy Commission (CEC) and the Norwegian Ministry of Petroleum & Energy. California's air quality districts have significant non-attainment areas in which CES technology can help. CEC is currently funding a CES-cycle technology demonstration near Bakersfield, CA. The Norwegian government is supporting conceptual studies for a proposed 40 MW zero-emission power plant in Stavager, Norway which would use the CES-cycle. The latter project is called Zero-Emission Norwegian Gas (ZENG). In summary, current engineering studies: (1) supported engineering design of plant subsystems applicable for use with CES-cycle zero-emission power plants, and (2) documented the suitability and availability of steam turbines for use in CES-cycle power plants, with particular relevance to the Norwegian ZENG Project.

Ronald Bischoff; Stephen Doyle

2005-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "monox ide nonattainment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Emissions trading programs, making sense of the options  

SciTech Connect

In an attempt to move away from the traditional command-and-control approach to regulation, the US Environmental Protection Agency has begun to develop economic incentive programs. These programs encourage compliance with nationwide pollution-reduction goals, but seek industry action based on market or profit incentives, rather than fear of retribution or penalty. The 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) require that stringent means be taken to reduce NOx pollution in so-called ozone-nonattainment areas. Under CAAA Title IV, the SO{sub 2} trading program went into effect in 1993 to reduce acid rain. For NO{sub x}, several programs are either already in operation, or are under development. These include the Cap and Trade program, the Open Market trading program and New Source Review Offset Trading program. These 3 programs are described. To obtain a Title V operating permit, issues to consider are operation, job descriptions, certification process, value, estimating future emissions, confidentiality, permits, inter-media coordination, costs, and publicity.

Fahrer, S. [Dynalytics Corp., Jericho, NY (United States)

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Market Opportunities for Electric Drive Compressors for Gas Transmission, Storage, and Processing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There is great interest in the large potential market for electric drives in the gas transmission, gas storage, and gas processing industries. Progressive electric utilities and astute vendors are moving to meet the needs of these industries as they confront rapid changes and new realities. New policy and economic considerations, brought on by changes in environmental and business regulations and new compressor/driver technology, are causing these gas industry companies to consider electric motors for replacement of older gas engines and for new compressor installations. In ozone nonattainment regions, bringing gas compressor stations into compliance with NOx emission regulations is a must. Outside those regions, new electric drives are being considered because of their improved operating efficiencies and lower costs. The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), working through the EPRI Chemicals and Petroleum Office, is providing leadership in the efforts to further dialogue among gas companies, electric utilities, and vendors. EN strategists is working closely with EPRI, the electric utilities, and the gas transmission companies to promote consideration of The Electric Option.

Parent, L. V.; Ralph, H. D.; Schmeal, W. R.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Clean Power for the Internet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Data centers have been increasingly large users of energy over the past 10 years. With the rapid increase in Internet use, these facilities continue to be built, stressing the local electricity grids with their immense energy needs, and typically with the backup support of diesel generators belching pollution into the sky. The extent of these impacts is unknown. The change in market dynamics in the year 2001 resulted in a slower growth rate in data centers, as it did with the rest of the Internet industry, but it opened up an opportunity for incorporating energy efficient technologies into the design of power delivery to these buildings. More energy-efficient design will ease pressure on the electric grid and also decrease pollution in these areas, many of which are already areas of pollution non-attainment. This paper discusses the air quality impact of data centers, their impact on the electric grid, and the possibility of using clean distributed energy resources (DER) to meet their power reliability and quantity needs. Current DER installation and its success in maintaining the needed reliability are reviewed. The environmental and economic impact of the use of DER in these buildings are also reviewed and ways to overcome the potential barriers to this technology are discussed.

Brown, E.; Elliott, R. N.; Shipley, A.

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Delaware State University | .EDUconnections  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Delaware State University Delaware State University Research Office of the Associate Provost for Research General Research Capability Center for Integrated Biological & Environmental Research Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research Delaware IDeA Network of Biomedical Research Excellence Faculty Research DSU Leads the Way in Better Buildings DSU is one of the first university partners in the US to join the Department of Energy's Better Buildings inititative to reduce its carbon footprint by 25% by 2015. Secretary of Energy Chu participated in the DSU kick-off program to commemorate the school's efforts in July 2012. Read more about this showcase project. Search this site: Search Prestigious research projects underway by Delaware State University (DSU) serve to enhance DSU's land-grant mission and its contributions to the

105

Notice of Comment Period for the Klondike III/Biglow Canyon Wind Integration EIS (DOE/EIS-0374) (12/06/05)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

635 Federal Register 635 Federal Register / Vol. 70, No. 233 / Tuesday, December 6, 2005 / Notices Program activity Performance goals * Cost Goals * Efficiency Environmental Advanced Power Systems ............. 45-50% higher heating value (HHV) efficiency to electricity by 2010 Multi-product capability (e.g. power and hydrogen) with over 60% efficiency by 2015 Sulfur Dioxide (SO 2 ): >99% removal NO X : < 0.01 lb/million Btu Hg: >90% removal Carbon Diox- ide (CO 2 ) capture: >90% 2012 goal: <10% increase in cost of electricity services in zero emission advanced gasification plants integrated with carbon sequestration. Carbon Sequestration .................... Efficiency of current and new plants consistent with cost of electricity target 90% CO 2 capture and sequestra-

106

Fermilab Today  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6, 2008 6, 2008 Subscribe | Contact Fermilab Today | Archive | Classifieds Search GO Furlough Information Reminder: An IDES representative will conduct small group meetings every 30 minutes in the Wilson Hall Atrium Dining Room (SW corner) each Friday from 11 a.m. to 1:30 p.m. from tomorrow through the end of March. New furlough information, including an up-to-date Q&A section, appears on the furlough Web pages daily. Layoff Information New information on Fermilab layoffs, including an up-to-date Q&A section, appears on the layoff Web pages daily. Calendar Thursday, March 6 12 p.m. Grid School Brown Bag Seminar - Curia II Speaker: K. Chadwick, Fermilab Title: FermiGrid 101 - FermiGrid Introduction and Overview THERE WILL BE NO PHYSICS AND DETECTOR SEMINAR THIS WEEK

107

Introduction Sitewide Categorical Exclusion for  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 SWCX for Disconnection of Utilities- 7 SWCX for Disconnection of Utilities- Revision 0 Introduction Sitewide Categorical Exclusion for Disconnection of Utilities As defined in the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Richland Operations Office Integrated Management System Procedure, NEPA Analysis at Harford, a sitewide categorical exclusion is: An application of DOE categorical exclusions described in 10 CFR 1021, Appendices A and B, which may apply to Hanford Site proposed actions (activities) that are "sitewide" in nature and extent, which the cognizant DOE Hanford NCO has determined fit within the scope (i.e., same nature and intent, and of the same or lesser scope) of DOE categorical exclusions described in 10 CFR 1021 P.1..ppendices A and B. The cognizant DOE Hanford NCO may issue specific sitev1ide

108

Roadmap to Secure Control Systems in the Energy Sector  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Roadmap Roadmap to Secure Control Systems in the Energy Sector -  - Foreword T his document, the Roadmap to Secure Control Systems in the Energy Sector, outlines a coherent plan for improing cyber security in the energy sector. It is the result of an unprecedented collaboration between the energy sector and goernment to identify concrete steps to secure control systems used in the electricity, oil, and natural gas sectors oer the next ten years. The Roadmap proides a strategic framework for guiding industry and goernment efforts based on a clear ision supported by goals and time-based milestones. It addresses the energy sector's most urgent challenges as well as longer-term needs and practices. A distinctie feature of this collaboratie effort is the actie inolement and leadership of energy asset

109

Lamp Divisions  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

--- --- /A;; i :' r%i;in~house ilEc;' i:Z3:~cra:ion Lamp Divisions , _.. (I +i. 0 :,,,rg. . I . . -= i?e p/q! qe)-' &se pw E.rcale?l iev, Je!sey 07m March 20, 1 gs? ::r . J. A. Jones I ti. 5. Muclear Regulatory Commission .> = ..- haterials Licensing Branch -s - ,.I, - - Division of Fuel Cycle and hateri al Safety LY. , $2 - _ . ' -' . 3 _- - Yeshington, C. C. 2@555 - :_ :--, =-- -- .-?J -.: y...., : :- 7 Dear Mr. Jones : y-- --, ? . *I 2=15 2 r; X -P The following is our final report of the decontamination efZor?s takz in our Bui Iding 7 basement and wi 11 also serve to update our report i& November 12, 1980. As stated in NRC' s report of December 22, 1983, two closeout inspect ions were conducted by your King of Prussia off i ce on November 21 and December 2,

110

Notice of Comment Period for the Klondike III/Biglow Canyon Wind Integration EIS (DOE/EIS-0374) (12/06/05)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

635 Federal Register 635 Federal Register / Vol. 70, No. 233 / Tuesday, December 6, 2005 / Notices Program activity Performance goals * Cost Goals * Efficiency Environmental Advanced Power Systems ............. 45-50% higher heating value (HHV) efficiency to electricity by 2010 Multi-product capability (e.g. power and hydrogen) with over 60% efficiency by 2015 Sulfur Dioxide (SO 2 ): >99% removal NO X : < 0.01 lb/million Btu Hg: >90% removal Carbon Diox- ide (CO 2 ) capture: >90% 2012 goal: <10% increase in cost of electricity services in zero emission advanced gasification plants integrated with carbon sequestration. Carbon Sequestration .................... Efficiency of current and new plants consistent with cost of electricity target 90% CO 2 capture and sequestra-

111

Di?partment o  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

,Di?partment o f E n e r g y ' ' ' : . ' ~' Washington, DC 20585 ., .* -,, : ', ," FEE 17.,1995' , :' ' , ,,- ',/ 'he Honorable Larry.Guidt ' ' : X 1455 W., 126th Street lawthorne; California 90250 1 _. _ tear.Mayor Guidi: ; ..,, _ ietretary of Energy Hazel O'Leary,has announced a new approach to openness.in :he Department .of Energy (DOE) and its communications wifh,the public: In ; - upport of thts initiative, we are ,p;T.eased to forward the enclosed,,information .,~ -elated to the former Northrop Corp. site 'in your jurisdiction that performed rork for'DOE',s predecessor agencies. This information is prov:ided for,your nformation, use, and retention. lOE% Formerly Utilized SitesRemedial Action Program (FUSRAP) is responsible 'oridentification of sites, used.by DOE's .predecessor agencies, determining :

112

Fermilab Today  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7, 2008 7, 2008 Subscribe | Contact Fermilab Today | Archive | Classifieds Search GO Furlough Information Reminder: An IDES representative will conduct the final on-site group meetings at 11 a.m. and noon in the Wilson Hall One West conference room on Friday, March 28. New furlough information, including an up-to-date Q&A section, appears on the furlough Web pages daily. Layoff Information New information on Fermilab layoffs, including an up-to-date Q&A section, appears on the layoff Web pages daily. Calendar Thursday, March 27 10 a.m. Presentations to the Physics Advisory Committee - Curia II 1 p.m. Physics and Detector Seminar - West Wing, WH10NW Speaker: G. Mavromanolakis, University of Cambridge Title: CALICE Update THERE WILL BE NO THEORETICAL PHYSICS SEMINAR THIS WEEK

113

Nanobio Interfaces: From Materials Design to Complex Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CNM Workshop 7: NanoBio Interfaces: From Materials Design to Complex Systems CNM Workshop 7: NanoBio Interfaces: From Materials Design to Complex Systems Organizers: C hristopher F ry ( CNM) a nd E lena R ozhkova ( CNM) Nature possesses the ability to design highly functioning, regenerative materials that cover every imaginable process and physical characteristic desired in modern materials. Energy production and storage, mechanics, and catalysis are but a few of these processes that nature handles well. This workshop i dentified m any o verlapping t hemes a t t he N anoBio i nterface t hat c ontinue t o p roduce a w ide spectrum of materials attributing their functional inspiration from nature. The eight invited speakers highlighted their current research regarding the biological systems they use or have been inspired by in producing new

114

VIA EMAIL Ms. Mariah Steele ENERQY STAR Program· U.S. Environmental Protection Agency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ENERQY STAR Program· ENERQY STAR Program· U.S. Environmental Protection Agency 1200 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW Room62023 · Washington, DC 20460 Dear Ms. Steele: May 10, 2013 · The _D.S. Department of Energy ("DOE") selected a Kenmore-brand dehumidifier, mpde] 90701:, for testing as part ofDOE's ENERGY STAR® Verification Testing Program. On March 18, · 2013, DOE notified the manufacturer of this model, , that the model did not meet the minimum energy factor required for a model of its capacity according to the applicable. ENERGY STAR specification. . .. 11111 replied to,' and later spoke with, DOE representatives abqut DOE's results. - also . provided test d~t_a from previous testing of this model; the test da~a prov_ided.documented a higher energy factor than that observed in the DOE testing. -

115

Low Cost Open-Path Instrument for Monitoring Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide at Sequestration Sites  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Low Cost open-path Instrument for Low Cost open-path Instrument for monItorIng atmospherIC Carbon DIoxIDe at sequestratIon sItes Background Growing concern over the effect on global climate of the buildup of greenhouse gases (GHG), particularly carbon dioxide (CO 2 ), in the atmosphere may lead to the curtailment of CO 2 emissions. One potential course of action by industry to reduce GHG emissions is the subsurface disposal of CO 2 . An important requirement of such disposal is verification that the injected gases remain in place and do not leak to the surface. Perhaps the most direct evidence of a successful sequestration project is the lack of a detectable CO 2 concentration above the background level in the air near the ground. Although measurement of CO 2 concentration can be performed, it is

116

Fermilab Today  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

28, 2008 28, 2008 Subscribe | Contact Fermilab Today | Archive | Classifieds Search GO Furlough Information Reminder: An IDES representative will conduct small group meetings every 30 minutes in the Wilson Hall Atrium Dining Room (SW corner) each Friday from 11 a.m. to 1:30 p.m. from tomorrow through the end of March. New furlough information, including an up-to-date Q&A section, appears on the furlough Web pages daily. Calendar Thursday, Feb. 28 THERE WILL BE NO PHYSICS AND DETECTOR SEMINAR THIS WEEK 2 p.m. Computing Techniques Seminar - FCC1 Speaker: S. Timm, Fermilab Title: FermiGrid Virtualization and Xen 2:30 p.m. Theoretical Physics Seminar - Curia II Speaker: Y. Bai, Fermilab Title: Minimal Little Higgs Model and Dark Matter 3:30 p.m. DIRECTOR'S COFFEE BREAK - 2nd Flr X-Over

117

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION, FOR AN ADVANCED  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CORPORATION, FOR AN ADVANCED CORPORATION, FOR AN ADVANCED WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS UNDER COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT NO. IDE-FC02-00CH11060; W(A)-00-037; CH-1051 The Petitioner, United Technologies Corporation (hereinafter "United Technologies"), has requested a waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights for all subject inventions arising from its participation under the above referenced cooperative agreement entitled "Cooperative Research and Development for Advanced Microturbine Systems." This cooperative agreement pertains to a program to identify, develop and demonstrate new technologies that will substantially increase the performance and reduce the cost and emissions of microturbines for electric power generation. The specific objective of this cooperative agreement is to meet or exceed U.S.

118

All Other Edi~ims Arc Obolete United States Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9-0s) 9-0s) All Other Edi~ims Arc Obolete United States Department of Energy E n e r g Finance and account in^ Sen'ice Center Travel Authorization and Program Manager Signature Card Name: Date: Position Title: Routing Symbol: BuiIding: Phone: Reporting EntityFund Code: Signature: Typcs of Documents Authorized (please check box) Approved Funding Program Change Request Procurement Authorization (PRs, direct chargebacks. etc.) Claim for Reimbursement for Espenditwre on Official Business (Local Travel) Travel Authorizations and Nodi fications Travel Vouchers Training Authorizations Training Invoice Payments Invoice Payment Approval Travel Authorizations and Modifications (actual expenses) Other (speci fyS - I certifL to the signature and authority of the above individual for the document noted.

119

Synthesis and Analysis of TiO2-Oligonucleotide Hybrid Nanoparticles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Synthesis and Analysis of TiO2-Oligonucleotide Hybrid Nanoparticles Synthesis and Analysis of TiO2-Oligonucleotide Hybrid Nanoparticles New developments in nanotechnology offer the creation of chemical-biological hybrid nanocomposites, which can be introduced into cells to initiate intracellular processes or biochemical reactions. Researchers from Northwestern University Medical Center (Chicago, IL) and Argonne National Laboratory synthesized TiO2-oligonucleotide nanocomposites made of DNA oligonucleotides attached to 45-Ă… TiO2 nanoparticles and tested them by using the 2-ID-E x-ray beamline at the X-ray Operations and Research sector 2 of the APS. A key benefit of nanocomposites is that they could advance medical biotechnology and open new doors in chemistry and materials sciences. Scan of a 21 x 21-m area with a single nucleus containing 3.6 x 106 nanoparticles.

120

The insulin-RB synapse in health and disease: cellular rocket science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Time has come for a survey of our knowledge on the physical interaction between the growth-promoting insulin molecule and retinoblastoma tumor suppressor protein (RB). Theoretical and experimental observations over the past 15 years reviewed here indicate that the insulin-RB dimer may represent an essential molecular crossroads involved in major physiological and pathological conditions. Within this system, the putative tumor suppressor insulin-degrading enzyme (IDE) should be an important modulator. Perhaps most remarkably, the abstraction of this encounter between insulin and RB, two growth-regulatory giants acting either in concert or against each other depending on the respective cellular requirements, reveals that Nature may compute in controlling cell fate and we could follow in its footsteps towards developing more efficient therapeutics as well as novel technical devices.

Razvan Tudor Radulescu

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

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121

U.S. Department of Energy Categorical Exclusion Detennination Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

~ ~ U.S. Department of Energy Categorical Exclusion Detennination Form ®~ .. * > * , Program of Field Office: Sandia Site Office Project Title- I'cnclrator Testing wilh Mobile Gas Guns and Mobile Davis Guns (E MRTC and WSMR) Location ' Socorro, NM Proposed Action or Project Description' Ame rican Recoyery and Reinyestment Act: r SandiD National Laboratories/New Mexico (SN IJNM) proposes to pro~ide pcnclralor testing suppon using SNIJNM mobile gas guns and mobile Davis guns alike Energetic Materials Research and Testing Center (EMRTC) and White Sands Missile Range (WSMR). These guns include a 6-inch (in.) bore pressurized gas gun (air or helium for propulsion, nitrogen for valve operation); 8-il'l., 12-io., and 16·;n,·OOre Davis guns: and l&.in,·

122

Tucson, AZ  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0 0 Tucson, AZ New coal technologies could lower utility costs By Richaed T. Newesnb lee uf( Engineerlng, and the national posslblity orst lest doubllng the with Its reactor safty and wast dis tility deregulallun hls laborstorlee, such as Los Alasn, net efficiency of cool-bMed power towal problemas. ralied public concerns conlinr the easiteoce of Innovative generetion while at the ame time The mpUctlons In all ofthis for bhout meneng the demunds solutlon in the form of low- and producing a ream of carbon dior- Arlaoes are tignlfcant. Our state for electricity t remaonable cot In zero emlsslon dclan coal (ZEC) tch- Ide that can be aely and poertu has both a wU-elenblhd coal growing states such Arizona with- nolngle. nently sequestered urndrgrouwmL ndustry and a reputatlon for clean

123

Grad student is officially a GEMS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NIU physicist Susan Mini lands NSF grant for APS beamline upgrades NIU physicist Susan Mini lands NSF grant for APS beamline upgrades Argonne's Campuzano Honored by Hispanic Engineering Bugs in the News An R&D-100 Award for a New Mammography System Putnam recognized for outstanding service APS News Archives: 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 2000 Subscribe to APS News rss feed Grad student is officially a GEMS OCTOBER 18, 2007 Bookmark and Share Tao Sun (Northwestern University) in the X-ray Operations and Research beamline 8-ID-E enclosure Tao Sun, a third-year graduate student from Professor Dravid Vinayak's group at Northwestern University who is currently doing his thesis research at the Advanced Photon Source at the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory, has been awarded one of three Graduate Excellence in

124

Photon Sciences Worksheet 09-01 HX Microprobe HX Microprobe  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9-01 HX Microprobe 9-01 HX Microprobe HX Microprobe Resources Available - BE Mid 2012 Mid 2014 Mid 2016 Beamline X-ray Source Total Total Total NSLS 2 2 0 X26A Bend 1 1 0 X27A Bend 1 1 0 APS 3.05 3.95 3.95 2-ID-D Undulator 0.5 0.5 0.5 2-ID-E Undulator 1 1 1 8-BM-B Bend 0.5 1 1 10-ID-B Undulator 0 0 13-ID-E Undulator 0.3 0.5 0.5 18-ID-D Undulator 0 0 0 20-ID-B a Undulator 0.25 0.25 0.25 20-BM-B a Bend 0 0 0 21-ID-D g Undulator 0 0.2 0.2 26-ID-C f Undulator 0.5 0.5 0.5 ALS 0.2 0 0 10.3.1 Bend 0.2 0 0 10.3.2 b Bend 0 0 0 SSRL 1 1 2 BL2-3 Bend 1 1 1 BL2-2 e Bend 0 0 1 NSLS-II 0 0 3 SRX c Undulator 0 0 1 HXN c Undulator 0 0 1 XFM 3P Wiggler 0 0 1 Total 6.25 6.95 8.95 XRF only XRF, XAFS XRF, XAFS, XRD or XRF, XRD, FCMT XRF, XAFS, XRD, FCMT Boldface = oversubscribed Footnotes: b = Assumes termination of 10.3.2 microprobe studies c = Commissioning in 2014 e= Proposed retrofitting of current white light beamline

125

Optimal Deployment Plan of Emission Reduction Technologies for TxDOT's Construction Equipment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to develop and test an optimization model that will provide a deployment plan of emission reduction technologies to reduce emissions from non-road equipment. The focus of the study was on the counties of Texas that have nonattainment (NA) and near-nonattainment (NNA) status. The objective of this research was to develop methodologies that will help to deploy emission reduction technologies for non-road equipment of TxDOT to reduce emissions in a cost effective and optimal manner. Three technologies were considered for deployment in this research, (1) hydrogen enrichment (HE), (2) selective catalytic reduction (SCR) and (3) fuel additive (FA). Combinations of technologies were also considered in the study, i.e. HE with FA, and SCR with FA. Two approaches were investigated in this research. The first approach was "Method 1" in which all the technologies, i.e. FA, HE and SCR were deployed in the NA counties at the first stage. In the second stage the same technologies were deployed in the NNA counties with the remaining budget, if any. The second approach was called "Method 2" in which all the technologies, i.e. FA, HE and SCR were deployed in the NA counties along with deploying only FA in the NNA counties at the first stage. Then with the remaining budget, SCR and HE were deployed in the NNA counties in the second stage. In each of these methods, 2 options were considered, i.e. maximizing NOx reduction with and without fuel economy consideration in the objective function. Thus, the four options investigated each having different mixes of emission reduction technologies include Case 1A: Method 1 with fuel economy consideration; Case 1B: Method 1 without fuel economy consideration; Case 2A: Method 2 with fuel economy consideration; and Case 2B: Method 2 without fuel economy consideration and were programmed with Visual C++ and ILOG CPLEX. These four options were tested for budget amounts ranging from $500 to $1,183,000 and the results obtained show that for a given budget one option representing a mix of technologies often performed better than others. This is conceivable because for a given budget the optimization model selects an affordable option considering the cost of technologies involved while at the same time maximum emission reduction, with and without fuel economy consideration, is achieved. Thus the alternative options described in this study will assist the decision makers to decide about the deployment preference of technologies. For a given budget, the decision maker can obtain the results for total NOx reduction, combined diesel economy and total combined benefit using the four models mentioned above. Based on their requirements and priorities, they can select the desired model and subsequently obtain the required deployment plan for deploying the emission reduction technologies in the NA and NNA counties.

Bari, Muhammad Ehsanul

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

ZERO EMISSION POWER GENERATION TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT  

SciTech Connect

Clean Energy Systems (CES) was previously funded by DOE's ''Vision 21'' program. This program provided a proof-of-concept demonstration that CES' novel gas generator (combustor) enabled production of electrical power from fossil fuels without pollution. CES has used current DOE funding for additional design study exercises which established the utility of the CES-cycle for retrofitting existing power plants for zero-emission operations and for incorporation in zero-emission, ''green field'' power plant concepts. DOE funding also helped define the suitability of existing steam turbine designs for use in the CES-cycle and explored the use of aero-derivative turbines for advanced power plant designs. This work is of interest to the California Energy Commission (CEC) and the Norwegian Ministry of Petroleum & Energy. California's air quality districts have significant non-attainment areas in which CES technology can help. CEC is currently funding a CES-cycle technology demonstration near Bakersfield, CA. The Norwegian government is supporting conceptual studies for a proposed 40 MW zero-emission power plant in Stavager, Norway which would use the CES-cycle. The latter project is called Zero-Emission Norwegian Gas (ZENG). In summary, current engineering studies: (1) supported engineering design of plant subsystems applicable for use with CES-cycle zero-emission power plants, and (2) documented the suitability and availability of steam turbines for use in CES-cycle power plants, with particular relevance to the Norwegian ZENG Project.

Ronald Bischoff; Stephen Doyle

2005-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

127

Source Contributions to VOC's to Ozone Formation in Southeast Texas Using a Source-oriented Air Quality Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Houston-Galveston-Brazoria area is in severe non-attainment status for ozone compliance. Source-oriented mechanistic modeling was used to determine the major sources of VOCs that contributes to ozone formation during the Texas Air Quality Study (TexAQS) from August 16, 2000 to September 7, 2000. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)?s Community Scale Air Quality Model (CMAQ) version 4.6 was used as a host model to include a revised Statewide Air Pollution Research Center (SAPRC99) photochemical mechanism with source-oriented extensions to track the contributions of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) emissions from diesel engines, biogenic sources, highway gasoline vehicles, fuel combustion, off-highway gasoline engines, solvent utilization and petrochemical industries to ozone formation in the atmosphere. Source-oriented emissions needed to drive the model were generated using a revised Sparse Matrix Operator Kernel Emissions (SMOKE) model version 2.4. VOC/NOx ratios are found to be a critical factor in the formation of ozone. Highest ozone formation rates were observed for ratios from 5-15. The contributions of VOC to ozone formation were estimated based on the linear relationship between the rate of NO to NO2 conversion due to radicals generated from VOC oxidation and the rate of net ozone formation. Petroleum and other industrial sources are the largest anthropogenic sources in the urban Houston region and contribute to 45% of the ozone formation in the HGB area. Highway gasoline vehicles make contributions of approximately 28% to ozone formation. Wildfires contribute to as much 11% of ozone formation on days of high wildfire activity. The model results show that biogenic emissions account for a significant amount of ozone formation in the rural areas. Both highway and off-highway vehicles contribute significantly to ozone formation especially in the downwind region. Diesel vehicles do not contribute significantly to ozone formation due to their low VOC emissions.

Krishnan, Anupama

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Top-down estimate of anthropogenic emission inventories and their interannual variability in Houston using a mesoscale inverse modeling technique  

SciTech Connect

The 2000 and 2006 Texas Air Quality Study (TexAQS 2000 and 2006) field campaigns took place in eastern Texas in August-October of 2000 and 2006. Several flights of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) research aircraft were dedicated to characterizing anthropogenic emissions over Houston. Houston is known for having serious problems with non-attainment of air quality standards. We present a method that uses three models and aircraft observations to assess and improve existing emission inventories using an inverse modeling technique. We used 3-dimensional and 4-dimensional variational (3D-VAR and 4D-VAR) inverse modeling techniques based on a least-squares method to improve the spatial and temporal distribution of CO, NOy (sum of all reactive nitrogen compounds), and SO2 emissions predicted by the 4-km-resolution U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) National Emission Inventory (NEI) for 2005. Differences between the prior and posterior inventories are discussed in detail. We found that in 2006 the prior daytime emissions in the urban area of Houston have to be reduced by 40% {+-} 12% for CO and 7% {+-} 13% for NOy. Over the Houston Ship Channel, where industrial emissions are predominant, the prior emissions have to be reduced by 41% {+-} 15% for CO and 51% {+-} 9% for NOy. Major ports around Houston have their NOy emissions reduced as well, probably due to uncertainties in near-shore ship emissions in the EPA NEI inventory. Using the measurements from the two field campaigns, we assessed the interannual emission variability between 2000 and 2006. Daytime CO emissions from the Houston urban area have been reduced by 8% {+-} 20%, while the NOy emissions have increased by 20% {+-} 12% from 2000 to 2006. In the Houston Ship Channel, the daytime NOy emissions have increased by 13% {+-} 17%. Our results show qualitative consistencies with known changes in Houston emissions sources.

Brioude, J.; Kim, S. W.; Angevine, Wayne M.; Frost, G. J.; Lee, S. H.; McKeen, S. A.; Trainer, Michael; Fehsenfeld, Fred C.; Holloway, J. S.; Ryerson, T. B.; Williams, E. J.; Petron, Gabrielle; Fast, Jerome D.

2011-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

129

NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf - Presentation on  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Decreasing Air Emission Impacts From Oil and Gas Development Decreasing Air Emission Impacts From Oil and Gas Development Decreasing Air Emission Impacts From Oil and Gas Development Authors: Charles B. McComas, PE; J. Daniel Arthur, PE; Gerry Baker; G. Lee Moody; and David B. Cornue, PG, CHMM Venue: American Chemical Society (53rd Pentasectional Meeting) – Halliburton Energy Services Technology Center, Duncan, OK, March 8, 2008 (http://www.acs.org [external site]) Abstract: Research funded by the United States Department of Energy’s National Energy Technology Laboratory and conducted under the direction of the Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission has examined concerns related to air emissions resulting from domestic onshore oil and gas exploration and production operations. Current air issues such as ambient air quality standards and non-attainment areas, regulatory compliance and regional inconsistencies, as well as global climate change and carbon sequestration are a few of the subjects perceived to represent potential barriers to energy development. The topic of air quality and how it relates to onshore oil and gas exploration and production activities is examined from the position of environmental sustainability. These concerns can be addressed through reasonable and prudent practices that industry may implement in order to avoid, minimize, or mitigate air emissions. Additionally, air emissions parameters that are not currently regulated (e.g.: CH4 and CO2) may become the subject of increased concern in the future and, therefore, add to the list of issues facing oil and gas exploration and production. Suggestions for further research opportunities with the potential to benefit responsible energy resource development are also presented.

130

Biocrude oils from the fast pyrolysis of poultry litter and hardwood  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The safe and economical disposal of poultry litter is becoming a major problem for the USA poultry industry. Current disposal methods such as land application and feeding to cattle are now under pressure because of pollution of water resources due to leaching, runoffs and concern for mad cow disease contamination of the food chain. Incineration or combustion is potentially applicable to large scale operations, but for small scale growers and EPA non-attainment areas, this is not a suitable option because of the high cost of operation. Thus, there is a need for developing appropriate technologies to dispose poultry litter. Poultry litters from broiler chicken and turkey houses, as well as bedding material were converted into biocrude oil in a fast pyrolysis fluidized bed reactor. The biocrude oil yields were relatively low ranging from 36 wt% to 50 wt% depending on the age and bedding material content of the litter. The bedding material (which was mostly hardwood shavings) biocrude oil yield was 63 wt%. The higher heating value (HHV) of the poultry litter biocrude oils ranged from 26 MJ/kg to 29 MJ/kg while that of the bedding material was 24 MJ/kg. The oils had relatively high nitrogen content ranging from 4 wt% to 8 wt%, very low sulfur (biochar yield ranged from 27 wt% to 40 wt% depending on the source, age and composition of the poultry litter. The biochar ash content ranged from 24 wt% to 54 wt% and was very rich in inorganic components such as potassium and phosphorous.

Agblevor, F.A., E-mail: Fagblevo@vt.ed [Department of Biological Systems Engineering, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061 (United States); Beis, S.; Kim, S.S.; Tarrant, R.; Mante, N.O. [Department of Biological Systems Engineering, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061 (United States)

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

131

An Introduction to Texas Senate Bill 5  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Four areas in Texas have been designated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as non-attainment areas because ozone levels exceed the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) maximum allowable limits: Beaumont-Port Arthur, El Paso, Dallas-Ft. Worth, and Houston-Galveston-Brazoria. The El Paso area also violates the NAAQS maximum allowable limits for carbon monoxide and respirable particulate matter. These areas face severe sanctions, such as loss of access to federal transportation funds, if attainment is not reached by 2007. Four additional areas in the state are also approaching national ozone limits, including: Austin, Corpus Christi, San Antonio, and the Longview-Tyler-Marshall area. Ozone is formed when oxides of nitrogen (NOx), volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and oxygen (O2) combine in the presence of strong sunlight. In response to this effort the Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission (TNRCC) developed a strategy with the EPA that reduced VOCs from large regulated, stationary point sources by over 50 percent during the 1990 to 1996 period. Although this first strategy was very successful, levels of ozone failed to meet the national standards, and a second strategy had to be developed to achieve compliance with the ozone standard. In 2001, the Texas State Senate passed Senate Bill 5 (SB 5) to further reduce ozone levels by encouraging the reduction of emissions of NOx by sources that are currently not regulated by the TNRCC, including area sources (e.g., residential emissions), on-road mobile sources (e.g., all types of motor vehicles), and non-road mobile sources (e.g., aircraft, locomotives, etc.). This paper outlines the legislation, and responsibilities of the different government entities and the important role that private industry is being encouraged to play.

Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Turner, W. D.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Allison engine ATS program technical review  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Gas turbines in industrial and utility applications can help meet future national and worldwide power generation requirements. Implementation of the ATS Program will also keep U.S. manufacturers on the cutting edge of turbine technology for power generation applications and enhance the nation`s economic competitiveness. Allison`s ATS addresses the program goals in the following manner: (1) Efficiency - The turbine selected for the ATS uses Allison`s latest single crystal alloys incorporating the most efficient component cooling technology Allison has developed. These features allow the turbine to operate at a rotor inlet temperature (RIT) of 1427{degrees}C (2600{degrees}F). The compression system for this engine has an overall pressure ratio of more than 20:1 and is based on technology previously demonstrated at Allison. The engine that uses these components will demonstrate a thermal efficiency that is 18% better than the best in class today. (2) Environment - The combustion system selected for this engine incorporates a catalytically stabilized, lean premix system with ceramic components requiring no significant wall cooling. This system will achieve acceptance in severe nonattainment areas, producing less than 8 ppm for oxides of nitrogen (NOx), with acceptable carbon monoxide (CO) and unburned hydrocarbon (UHC). (3) Fuel Flexibility - Allison has production engines in commercial service that are operating on biomass fuels. Previous DOE-funded programs have allowed Allison to develop and demonstrate coal-fueled gas turbine technology. (4) Cost of Power - The busbar cost of energy for the Allison ATS ranges from 23.6 to 27.6% lower than the current state of the art for systems meeting ATS environmental requirements. (5) Reliability, Availability, and Maintainability - The Allison ATS will be designed to have high reliability and low maintenance costs. Critical components will be designed using Allison`s latest life analysis methods.

Mukavetz, D.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

133

The Federal Highway Administration Gasohol Consumption Estimation Model  

SciTech Connect

The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) is responsible for estimating the portion of Federal highway funds attributable to each State. The process involves use of State-reported data (gallons) and a set of estimation models when accurate State data is unavailable. To ensure that the distribution of funds is equitable, FHWA periodically reviews the estimation models. Estimation of the use of gasohol is difficult because of State differences in the definition of gasohol, inability of many States to separate and report gasohol usage from other fuel types, changes in fuel composition in nonattainment areas to address concerns over the use of certain fuel additives, and the lack of a valid State-level surrogate data set for gasohol use. Under the sponsorship of FHWA, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) reviewed the regression-based gasohol estimation model that has been in use for several years. Based on an analytical assessment of that model and an extensive review of potential data sets, ORNL developed an improved rule-based model. The new model uses data from Internal Revenue Service, Energy Information Administration, Environmental Protection Agency, Department of Energy, ORNL, and FHWA sources. The model basically consists of three parts: (1) development of a controlled total of national gasohol usage, (2) determination of reliable State gasohol consumption data, and (3) estimation of gasohol usage for all other States. The new model will be employed for the 2004 attribution process. FHWA is currently soliciting comments and inputs from interested parties. Relevant data, as identified, will be pursued and refinements will be made by the research team if warranted.

Hwang, HL

2003-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

134

Phantom Power: The Status of Fuel Cell Technology Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fuel cells have been touted as one of the most reliable and environmentally sound methods of producing high-quality electricity for use in the industrial sector. Fuel cell developers are racing to produce larger quantities of fuel cells at lower prices. While the power densities of fuel-cell stacks have been increasing, fuel cell technologies have unfortunately remained uneconomical for the majority of industrial customers. The growth of the fuel cell market has not increased at the rate at which developers and marketers would like us to believe. With stricter federal air regulations coming into effect in 2007 and more urban/industrial areas falling into non-attainment for pollutants such as NOx operators of distributed generation systems may begin to consider fuel cells a more viable option. In this paper we will explore the potential of various fuel cell technologies for providing on-site generation at industrial facilities. Our analysis will include brief technical descriptions of the various fuel cell technologies as well as a description of applicable end-use applications for the various technologies. We will determine which technologies hold the most potential for providing reliable power and heat for processes as well as estimates of technically and economically feasible industrial fuel cell capacity between now and 2020. The manufacturing service infrastructure, technical and market barriers to increased demand, and regulatory, permitting, and siting issues will be explored. We will outline the various factors that play in the technical and economic diffusion and offer sample diffusion curves for the various fuel cell technologies.

Shipley, A. M.; Elliott, R. N.

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

FRPC User Guidance -for FY2006  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

10 GUIDANCE FOR 10 GUIDANCE FOR REAL PROPERTY INVENTORY REPORTING I S S U E D A T E : O C T O B E R 2 5 , 2 0 1 0 GS A Office of Governmentw ide Policy F E D E R A L R E A L P R O P E R T Y C O U N C I L Federal Real Property Council Real Property Inventory - User Guidance for FY 2010 Reporting October 25, 2010 Page 2 T a b l e o f C o n t e n t s A . B A C K G R O U N D : E X E C U T I V E O R D E R 1 3 3 2 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 B . F R P C I N V E N T O R Y D A T A E L E M E N T S & D E S C R I P T I O N S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1. Real Property Type ...................................................................................................................................................................... 5 2. Real Property Use ........................................................................................................................................................................ 5

136

NERSC-FE.pptx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

March March 1 9, 2 013 NERSC Overview --- 2 --- NERSC History 1974 Founded a t L ivermore t o s upport f usion research w ith a C DC s ystem 1978 Cray 1 i nstalled 1983 Expanded t o s upport t oday's D OE O ffice of S cience 1986 ESnet e stablished a t N ERSC 1994 Cray T 3D M PP t estbed 1994 --- 2000 TransiOoned u sers f rom v ector processing t o M PP 1996 Moved t o B erkeley L ab 1996 PDSF d ata i ntensive c ompuOng s ystem for n uclear a nd h igh e nergy p hysics 1999 HPSS b ecomes m ass s torage p laTorm 2006 Facility w ide filesystem 2010 CollaboraOon w ith J GI --- 3 --- Cray 1 --- 1 978 Cray 2 - 1 985 Cray T 3E M curie --- 1 996 IBM P ower3 S eaborg --- 2 001 NERSC collaborates with computer companies to deploy advanced HPC and data resources --- 4 --- We e mploy e xperts i n h igh p erformance c ompu

137

400A Construction Schedule | Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

27-ID and 35-ID 27-ID and 35-ID Past 27-ID and 35-ID Long Range Schedule (pdf) 27-ID and 35-ID Past Construction Past 27-ID and 35-ID Construction Day Activity Impact Week of 06.11.13 35-ID-D panels arrive, 35-ID-C panel installation complete. Start installation of 35-ID-D. -/- Week of 06.13.13 DCS/RIXS Construction Progress Meeting, LOM 438-C010, 9AM -/- Week of 06.18.13 27-ID-A panels arrive -/- Week of 06.25.13 first shipment of 35-ID-E panels arrives -/- Week of 06.03.13 continue installation of 35-ID-C panels, doors, roof and floor trim Low Week of 05.20.13 35-ID-C panels arrive begin installation of 35-ID-C wall and roof panels Low Week of 05.13.13 completion of 35-ID-B roof panels, installation of lead trim, steel capping and door installation. Low Tuesday - 03.05.13

138

Donald Frederick, LLNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Donald Donald Frederick, LLNL - Presented at Supercomputing '11 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, P. O. Box 808, Livermore, CA 94551! Case Study: Beyond Homogeneous Decomposition with Qbox Scaling Long-Range Forces on Massively Parallel Systems LLNL---PRES---508651 Case S tudy: O utline * Problem D escripBon * ComputaBonal A pproach * Changes f or S caling LLNL---PRES---508651 Computer s imulaBons o f m aterials Computer s imulaBons a re w idely used t o p redict t he p roperBes o f new m aterials o r u nderstand t he properBes o f e xisBng o nes LLNL---PRES---508651 SimulaBon o f M aterials f rom F irst--- Principles First---principles m ethods: Calculate p roperBes o f a g iven m aterial d irectly f rom fundamental p hysics e quaBons. * No e mpirical p arameters Can m ake p redic-ons a bout c

139

NERSC Schedule.xlsx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

:00---9:30 :00---9:30 Registration a nd l aptop s et---up 9:30---9:45 Introductions 9:45---10:45 Chapter 1 . W hy o bject---oriented p rogramming ( OOP)? 10:45---11:00 Break 11:00---11:30 Example: F ireworks s imulation v ia p rocedural p rogramming 11:30---12:00 Section 2 .1 N omenclature, S ection 2 .2 O bject---Oriented A nalysis a nd D esign 12:00---1:00 Lunch B reak 1:00---1:30 Section 2 .3 E ncapsulation a nd I nformation H iding , S ection 2 .4 W rapping L egacy S oftware 1:30---2:00 Section 2 .5 C omposition, A ggregation a nd I nheritance, S ection 2 .6 S tatic a nd D ynamic P olymorphism 2:00---2:30 Student E xercise 2 .1. F ireworks s imulation v ia O OP. 2:30---2:45 Break 2:45---3:15 Student E xercise 2 .2. C olored f ireworks v ia i nheritance. 3:15---3:45 Student E xercise 2 .3. M ulticolored f ireworks v ia c omposition. 3:15---3:45

140

WSU report12  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wayne Wayne S tate U niversity, 7 th y ear i n Q uarkNet Mentors: P rofs. Robert H arr a nd P aul K archin In 2 012, t he W SU QuarkNet center ran a Masterclass, a nd a s ummer r esearch program. T he M asterclass w as h eld on Saturday, March 1 0, a nd h ad 3 t eachers a nd about 2 0 s tudents i n a ttendance. T he students received an introduction to particle physics a nd a nalyzed C MS d ata. T he d ay w as c apped o ff w ith a v ideoconference where t heir r esults w ere d iscussed. The H igh S chool S tudent S ummer R esearch P rogram r an o ver 6 w eeks f rom J une 2 2 to A ugust 1 0, 2 012. T he p rogram w as o rganized a s 3 s essions, e ach w ith 4 s tudents and l asting f or 2 w eeks. T his e nables u s t o s elect 1 2 s tudents f rom a w ide r ange o f backgrounds f or t he p rogram. W e h ad a bout 8 0 a pplicants f or t hese 1 2 p ositions,

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141

STATEMENT OF C01 SIDER.!;.TIONS RE Q UE ST BY INVENTOR FOR THE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AN  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

C01 SIDER.!;.TIONS C01 SIDER.!;.TIONS RE Q UE ST BY INVENTOR FOR THE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AN D FOREIGN RTGHTS TO AN IDE. TIFIED [NVEN'fl0'\1 ENTiTLED "RESONANT-CAVITY APPA.RATUS FOR CYTOM.GTRY OR PARTICLE ANA L'YS iS'' US P 5,793,485, DEVELOPI·:D UNDER DOE CONTRACT NO. DE-AC04-94AL85000; DOE r:\"VENTfON DISCLOSU RE NO. S-85,819 (SD-5797 ); DOE WAIV ER NO. V.l ( ) 201 l-oo_,; rv3 The Petitioner, Paul L. Gourley (Inventor), has requested a \\'aive of the Government's domestic and fo eign patent rights in a subject invention entitled "Resonant-Cavi ty Apparatus for Cytome ry or Particle Analy·sis." The invention v,·as conceived by the inventor while an employee of the Sandia Corporation (Sandia). ,'andia is the M&O contractor for the Sandia a ional Laboratories (S L), a government-0\vned, contracto

142

International Energy Outlook 2007  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2004, non-OECD emissions of carbon dioxide were greater than OECD emissions 2004, non-OECD emissions of carbon dioxide were greater than OECD emissions for the first time. In 2030, carbon dioxide emissions from the non-OECD countries are projected to exceed those from the OECD countries by 57 percent. Carbon dioxide is the most abundant anthropogenic (human-caused) greenhouse gas in the atmosphere. In recent years, atmospheric concentrations of carbon diox- ide have been rising at a rate of about 0.5 percent per year, and because anthropogenic emissions of carbon dioxide result primarily from the combustion of fossil fuels for energy, world energy use has emerged at the center of the climate change debate. In the IEO2007 refer- ence case, world carbon dioxide emissions are projected to rise from 26.9 billion metric tons in 2004 to 33.9 billion metric tons in 2015 and 42.9 billion metric tons in 2030. 17 From 2003 to 2004,

143

DOE Commercial Building Energy Asset Score: Software Development for Phase II Building Types  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

To estim assumpt to unders tables pr These ta but a bui even by s the Asse year, dep in the ap To get an tables. F Operat Schedu School Office Retail Warehou Hotel Apartme Courthou Library 1 Operatio Standard 9 are added be modifie 2 Closing ti purposes. DOE C Softwar Oper ate a buildin ions concern stand how w rovide a simp bles reflect t lding's level season in ca et Scoring To pending on e pendix at the n overall ide or a more gr tional As ules of Op Occu Sche (hrs 41 48 46 use 1 nt 1 use 4 4 nal assumption 90.1 Prototype to the Asset Sc ed to better ref mes reflect tho Commer re Devel rational a ng's energy u ning how the well these as plified list of the full-time of operation ases such as ool applies a each building e end of this a of the ass ranular unde sumption peration upancy

144

St  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

St St at ement of Co nside ration s RE QU EST BY MOSSE Y CREE K ENERGY FOR DO MESTIC A ND FOREI GN RIGHTS IN SU BJECT INVENTIONS S-124, 118 AND S- 124,156 M ADE IN THE CO URS E OF OR U ND ER UT-BATTELLE PRIME CONTRACT NO . DE-AC05 -000 R227 2 5; DO E WAIVER DOCKETS: W (l ) 2011-009 AND W(l) 2011-010 {COMBIN ED) Mossey Creek Energy (Pet itioner) has m ade a tim ely req uest for a waiver t o wo rldw ide undivided rights in two subject invent ions (th e subject inve ntio ns) made in the cou rs e of or und er UT-Battel le, Prime Contract No . DE-AC05-000R22725 . The fir st invention ( S-12 4,118) is entitled, "Therma lly Conducti ve Electri cally Insulati ng Sil icon Cont ain ing Ep oxy Mo ld ing Compound.'' The secon d invention (S-124, 156) is "Si nt ered Po lycrystalline Sili con Base d Ther rn oe lectric

145

Douglas Jacobsen! NERSC User Services Group  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Services Group Services Group Using Modules at NERSC --- 1 --- September 10, 2013 NERSC Supported Software * NERSC p rovides a w ide r ange o f s cien=fic a nd c omputer programming s o@ware t o u sers - Scien)fic A pplica)ons: V ASP, A mber, N AMD, ABySS, ... - Compilers: p gi, i ntel, g cc, c ray - Scrip)ng L anguages: perl, p ython, R * and p ackages f or e ach! - SoIware L ibraries: b las/lapack ( MKL), b oost, h df5, n etcdf, ... - U)li)es: gnuplot, g it, m ercurial, 7 zip, c make, . .. - Debuggers & P rofilers: C rayPat, D DT, TotalView, g db, M AP, darshan - Visualiza)on: V isit, P araView, V MD, ... * See complete list: - hVp://www.nersc.gov/users/soIware/ --- 2 --- Software is Managed by Modules * NERSC p rovides m any v ersions o f m any s o@ware packages - To s upport d iverse w orkload o n s ystems * Maintaining

146

Sector 7  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Overview and History Overview and History Sector 7 consists of two APS beamlines: 7-ID: an insertion device beamline based on an APS Type-A Undulator 7-BM: a bend magnet beam line for time-resolved radiography (currently being commissioned) Overview of 7-ID 7-ID comprises four large experimental enclosures designated A, B, C, and D. In 2004, a laser enclosure was also added (7ID-E). Enclosure 7-ID-A is the first optics enclosure and houses a polished Be window, an empty x-ray filter unit, a pair of white beam slits, a water-cooled double crystal diamond monochromator (Kohzu HLD4), and a P4 mode shutter. The beamline vertical offset is 35 mm. Enclosure 7-ID-B is a white-, or monochromatic-beam experimental enclosure. It is equipped with two precision motorized table for alignment and positioning of experimental equipment. This station is used for white-beam imaging or microdiffraction experiments.

147

D  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

I mpact o n Developing C ountries 2012 INTERNATIONAL OPEN G OVERNMENT D ATA CONFERENCE Moderator: F ernando P erini, I DRC(Canada ) Jose M . A lonso, W orld W ide W eb F oundaCon Tim D avies, P racCcal P arCcipaCon; ( U.K.) Bjorn---Soren G igler, W orld B ank I nsCtute ( World B ank) Dorothy G ordon, K ofi A nnan C enter o f E xcellency i n I CT ( Ghana) William T evie, N aConal I nformaCon T echnology A gency ( Ghana) Organized b y t he W orld B ank a nd D ata.gov 2012 INTERNATIONAL O PEN G OVERNMENT D ATA C ONFERENCE Exploring t he I mpacts O f Open D ata i n t he S outh "EXPLORING T HE E MERGING I MPACTS O F O PEN D ATA I N T HE SOUTH" Call f or C oncept N otes --- O pen u nCl 1 0 September 2 012 * InsCtuCons i n d eveloping c ountries ( UniversiCes, N GOs, t hink--- tanks) * Research g rants b etween U SD25k

148

University, Linear Accelerator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

proposals for innovative, econanical, low head hydro power plant ides development. For this purpose, low head was defined as 3m or less. Early hydra power projects were small scale and very close to load centers. Inefficient paddlewheels turned shafts in udlls which, through belts, drove mill equipmt. With the advent of electrical wr, hydro power projects could be reasonably rarote from load centers and located at optimm sites of high head and intermediate flew or high flow and intermediate head. The best sites were quickly exploited and secondary sites became uneconanical. Secondary sites or those evenmre rmte fran load centers were then erploitedby public agencies and the ec onanics justified by power generation plus flood control and/or irrigation plus establistrnent of potable water reservoirs, to serve rapidly growing urban centers. Many of the earlier dams no longer were used to generate power as the mill-races vanished. Many nw low head dams were used for flood control and evening flows toward hydro ver ejects, and were not furnished with generators since these sites were even m3re rarPte

F. F. -hall; P. Box

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Design and Implementation of an Enhanced Power Billing System for Electricity Consumers in Nigeria  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In Nigeria, electricity consumers are often faced with the problems of inaccurate, irrational and delay in monthly billing due to the drawback in reading pattern and human errors. Thus, it is essential to have an efficient and effective system for such purposes via electronic platform with consideration to proximity. This paper presents the design and functional significance of a web-based application with online capability called Power Billing System (PBS). PBS is a solution system developed with Microsoft Visual Web Development IDE; being an Object Oriented Design tool from Microsoft Visual Studio.net collection and Microsoft Access with SQL query for back-end database. It measures accurately the electric power consumed by residential or commercial buildings which is more economical compared to the electromechanical devices. Individual consumer and the utility companies can directly monitor and control electric power supply billing without engaging the services of meter readers. It displays the sale rate of electrical power per unit and the consumed power per minute. It provides environment to maintain the consumer details right from connection and performance information to the management. It is an Intranet and Internet based software solution that ensures timely

Adegboye Adegboyega; Ayeni A. Gabriel; Alawode J. Ademola; Azeta I. Victor; Kaduna Nigeri

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Sudip Dosanjh! Director  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NERSC Today and NERSC Today and over the next Ten Years --- 1 --- February 1 3, 2 013 NERSC's Mission * Accelerate s cien5fic d iscovery a t t he D OE O ffice o f Science through high performance compu5ng and extreme d ata a nalysis --- 2 --- NERSC History 1974 F ounded a t L ivermore t o s upport f usion research w ith a C DC s ystem 1978 Cray 1 i nstalled 1983 Expanded t o s upport t oday's D OE O ffice of S cience 1986 ESnet e stablished a t N ERSC 1994 Cray T 3D M PP t estbed 1994 --- 2000 TransiOoned u sers f rom v ector processing t o M PP 1996 Moved t o B erkeley L ab 1996 PDSF d ata i ntensive c ompuOng s ystem for n uclear a nd h igh e nergy p hysics 1999 HPSS b ecomes m ass s torage p laTorm 2005 Facility w ide filesystem 2010 CollaboraOon w ith J GI --- 3 --- Cray 1 --- 1 978 Cray 2 - 1 985 Cray T 3E M curie --- 1 996 IBM

151

E/EIA  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

E/EIA E/EIA -0278 U.S. Depa rtme nt of Energ y Energ y Inform ation Admi nistra tion Assis tant Admi nistra tor for Progr am Deve lopme nt Office of the Cons umpt ion Data Syste m June 1981 01377 9 = 4530 : FED Non res ide ntia l Bui ldin gs u/w & Ene rgy Con sum ptio n Sur vey : Fu el Ch ara cte ris tic s an d Co ns erv ati on Pra cti ces Prepared by: Lynn D. Patinkin, Phillip Windell, Dwight: K. French, Leigh Carleton, Lynda T. Carlson, Kenneth A. Vagts, Leslie Whitaker, Tom Woteki, Wilbert Laird, and Laura Wong. IMPORTANT NOTICE As required by government regulation, EIA will conduct the annual review of our mailing list during the next several weeks. If you are on the mailing list, you will soon receive a post card listing your name and address as they appear on our files. If you wish to continue to receive our publications, you must mail

152

Clean Cities ozone air quality attainment and maintenance strategies that employ alternative fuel vehicles, with special emphasis on natural gas and propane  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Air quality administrators across the nation are coming under greater pressure to find new strategies for further reducing automotive generated non-methane hydrocarbon (NMHC) and nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has established stringent emission reduction requirements for ozone non-attainment areas that have driven the vehicle industry to engineer vehicles meeting dramatically tightened standards. This paper describes an interim method for including alternative-fueled vehicles (AFVs) in the mix of strategies to achieve local and regional improvements in ozone air quality. This method could be used until EPA can develop the Mobile series of emissions estimation models to include AFVs and until such time that detailed work on AFV emissions totals by air quality planners and emissions inventory builders is warranted. The paper first describes the challenges confronting almost every effort to include AFVs in targeted emissions reduction programs, but points out that within these challenges resides an opportunity. Next, it discusses some basic relationships in the formation of ambient ozone from precursor emissions. It then describes several of the salient provisions of EPA`s new voluntary emissions initiative, which is called the Voluntary Mobile Source Emissions Reduction Program (VMEP). Recent emissions test data comparing gaseous-fuel light-duty AFVs with their gasoline-fueled counterparts is examined to estimate percent emissions reductions achievable with CNG and LPG vehicles. Examples of calculated MOBILE5b emission rates that would be used for summer ozone season planning purposes by an individual Air Quality Control Region (AQCR) are provided. A method is suggested for employing these data to compute appropriate voluntary emission reduction credits where such (lighter) AFVs would be acquired. It also points out, but does not quantify, the substantial reduction credits potentially achievable by substituting gaseous-fueled for gasoline-fueled heavy-duty vehicles. Finally, it raises and expands on the relevance of AFVs and their deployment to some other provisions embedded in EPA`s current guidance for implementing 1-hour NAAQS--standards which currently remain in effect--as tools to provide immediate reductions in ozone, without waiting for promised future clean technologies.

Santini, D.J.; Saricks, C.L.

1998-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

153

Estimation of Annual Reductions of NOx Emissions in ERCOT for the HB3693 Electricity Savings Goals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Increasing the level of energy efficiency in Texas, as proposed by House Bill 3693, an Act related to energy demand, energy load, energy efficiency incentives, energy programs and energy performance measures, would reduce the amount of electricity demanded from Texas utilities. Since approximately eighty-eight percent of electricity generated in Texas is from plants powered by fossil fuels, such as coal and natural gas, this decrease would also reduce the air pollution that would otherwise be associated with burning these fuels. This report presents the potential emission reductions of nitrogen oxides (NOx) that would occur in the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) region if new energy efficiency targets for investor owned utilities are established for 2010 and 2015. These energy efficiency targets are the subject of a feasibility study as prescribed by Texas House Bill 3693. This report describes the details of the methodology, data and assumptions used, and presents the results of the analysis. The total energy savings targets for utilities within ERCOT are 745,710 megawatt-hours (MWh) by 2010 under the 30 percent reduction of growth scenario and 1,788,953 MWh by 2015 under the 50 percent reduction of growth scenario. The total projected annual NOx emissions reductions from these electricity savings are 191 tons in 2010 and 453 tons in 2015, or converting the annual totals into average daily avoided emissions totals, 0.5 tons per day by 2010 and 1.25 tons per day by 2015. The average avoided emission rate is approximately 0.51 pounds (lb) of NOx reduced per MWh of electricity savings. While House Bill 3693 is an Act related to energy and does not target emissions levels, the energy efficiency improvements would achieve air pollution benefits that could positively affect air quality and human health. The emissions reductions projected to result in 2010 and 2015 are comparable to the Texas Emission Reduction Program (TERP) Energy-Efficiency Grants Program, which does target emission reductions and estimated 2005 annual NOx emissions reductions of about 89 tons. While the projected emissions reductions are small compared to the total emission reductions needed to bring the state’s non-attainment areas into attainment of the national ambient air quality standards for ozone, they can be a part of an overall strategy to reduce emissions and improve human health in Texas.

Diem, Art; Mulholland, Denise; Yarbrough, James; Baltazar, Juan Carlos; Im, Piljae; Haberl, Jeff

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

T  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

. . Ltig (-L.- - I T & c ? I /-- P R E L IM I N A R Y S U R V E Y O F JO S L Y N S T A I N L E S S S T E E L C O M P A N Y F O R T W A Y N E , INDIANA W o r k p e r fo r m e d b y th e H e a l th a n d S a fe ty R e s e a r c h Division O a k R i d g e N a ti o n a l L a b o r a tory O a k R i d g e , T e n n e s s e e 3 7 8 3 0 M a r c h 1 9 8 0 O A K R IDG E N A T IO N A L L A B O R A T O R Y o p e r a te d b y U N IO N C A R B IDE C O R P O R A T IO N fo r th e D E P A R T M E N T O F E N E R G Y a s p a r t o f th e F o r m e r l y U tilized S ites-- R e m e d i a l A c ticn P r o g r a m : . --- -_ -_.._.. .-. .- " _-I.. . , . JOSLYN STAINLESS STEEL COMPANY Fort Wayne, Indiana At the request of the Department of Energy (DOE, then ERDA), a preliminary survey was performed at the Joslyn Stainless Steel Company in Fort Wayne, Indiana (see Fig. l), on October 23, 1976, to assess the radiological status of those facilities utilized under MED/AEC contract

155

Leveraging Standard Core Technologies to Programmatically Build Linux Cluster Appliances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Clusters have made the jump from lab prototypes to fullfledged production computing platforms. The number, variety, and specialized configurations of these machines are increasing dramatically with 32 – 128 node clusters being commonplace in science labs. The evolving nature of the platform is to target generic PC hardware to specialized functions such as login, compute, web server, file server, and a visualization engine. This is the logical extension to the standard login/compute dichotomy of traditional Beowulf clusters. Clearly, these specialized nodes (henceforth “cluster appliances”) share an immense amount of common configuration and software. What is lacking in many clustering toolkits is the ability to share configuration across appliances and specific hardware (where it should be shared) and differentiate only where needed. In the NPACI Rocks cluster distribution, we have developed a configuration infrastructure with well-defined inheritance properties that leverages and builds on de facto standards including: XML (with standard parsers), RedHat Kickstart, HTTP transport, CGI, SQL databases, and graph constructs to easily define cluster appliances. Our approach neither resorts to replication of configuration files nor does it require building a “golden ” image reference. By relying on this descriptive and programmatic infrastructure and carefully demarking configuration information from the software packages (which is a bit delivery mechanism), we can easily handle the heterogeneity of appliances, easily deal with small hardware differences among particular instances of appliances (such as IDE vs. SCSI), and support large hardware differences (like x86 vs. IA64) with the same infrastructure. Our mechanism is easily extended to other descriptive infrastructures (such as Solaris Jumpstart as a backend target) and has been proven on over a 100 clusters (with significant hardware and configuration differences among

Mason J. Katz; Philip M. Papadopoulos; Greg Bruno

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Lean NOx Trap Catalysis for Lean Natural Gas Engine Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Distributed energy is an approach for meeting energy needs that has several advantages. Distributed energy improves energy security during natural disasters or terrorist actions, improves transmission grid reliability by reducing grid load, and enhances power quality through voltage support and reactive power. In addition, distributed energy can be efficient since transmission losses are minimized. One prime mover for distributed energy is the natural gas reciprocating engine generator set. Natural gas reciprocating engines are flexible and scalable solutions for many distributed energy needs. The engines can be run continuously or occasionally as peak demand requires, and their operation and maintenance is straightforward. Furthermore, system efficiencies can be maximized when natural gas reciprocating engines are combined with thermal energy recovery for cooling, heating, and power applications. Expansion of natural gas reciprocating engines for distributed energy is dependent on several factors, but two prominent factors are efficiency and emissions. Efficiencies must be high enough to enable low operating costs, and emissions must be low enough to permit significant operation hours, especially in non-attainment areas where emissions are stringently regulated. To address these issues the U.S. Department of Energy and the California Energy Commission launched research and development programs called Advanced Reciprocating Engine Systems (ARES) and Advanced Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engines (ARICE), respectively. Fuel efficiency and low emissions are two primary goals of these programs. The work presented here was funded by the ARES program and, thus, addresses the ARES 2010 goals of 50% thermal efficiency (fuel efficiency) and engines are being pursued. Approaches include: stoichiometric engine operation with exhaust gas recirculation and three-way catalysis, advanced combustion modes such as homogeneous charge compression ignition, and extension of the lean combustion limit with advanced ignition concepts and/or hydrogen mixing. The research presented here addresses the technical approach of combining efficient lean spark-ignited natural gas combustion with low emissions obtained from a lean NOx trap catalyst aftertreatment system. This approach can be applied to current lean engine technology or advanced lean engines that may result from related efforts in lean limit extension. Furthermore, the lean NOx trap technology has synergy with hydrogen-assisted lean limit extension since hydrogen is produced from natural gas during the lean NOx trap catalyst system process. The approach is also applicable to other lean engines such as diesel engines, natural gas turbines, and lean gasoline engines; other research activities have focused on those applications. Some commercialization of the technology has occurred for automotive applications (both diesel and lean gasoline engine vehicles) and natural gas turbines for stationary power. The research here specifically addresses barriers to commercialization of the technology for large lean natural gas reciprocating engines for stationary power. The report presented here is a comprehensive collection of research conducted by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) on lean NOx trap catalysis for lean natural gas reciprocating engines. The research was performed in the Department of Energy's ARES program from 2003 to 2007 and covers several aspects of the technology. All studies were conducted at ORNL on a Cummins C8.3G+ natural gas engine chosen based on industry input to simulate large lean natural gas engines. Specific technical areas addressed by the research include: NOx reduction efficiency, partial oxidation and reforming chemistry, and the effects of sulfur poisons on the partial oxidation

Parks, II, James E [ORNL; Storey, John Morse [ORNL; Theiss, Timothy J [ORNL; Ponnusamy, Senthil [ORNL; Ferguson, Harley Douglas [ORNL; Williams, Aaron M [ORNL; Tassitano, James B [ORNL

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Lean NOx Trap Catalysis for Lean Natural Gas Engine Applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Distributed energy is an approach for meeting energy needs that has several advantages. Distributed energy improves energy security during natural disasters or terrorist actions, improves transmission grid reliability by reducing grid load, and enhances power quality through voltage support and reactive power. In addition, distributed energy can be efficient since transmission losses are minimized. One prime mover for distributed energy is the natural gas reciprocating engine generator set. Natural gas reciprocating engines are flexible and scalable solutions for many distributed energy needs. The engines can be run continuously or occasionally as peak demand requires, and their operation and maintenance is straightforward. Furthermore, system efficiencies can be maximized when natural gas reciprocating engines are combined with thermal energy recovery for cooling, heating, and power applications. Expansion of natural gas reciprocating engines for distributed energy is dependent on several factors, but two prominent factors are efficiency and emissions. Efficiencies must be high enough to enable low operating costs, and emissions must be low enough to permit significant operation hours, especially in non-attainment areas where emissions are stringently regulated. To address these issues the U.S. Department of Energy and the California Energy Commission launched research and development programs called Advanced Reciprocating Engine Systems (ARES) and Advanced Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engines (ARICE), respectively. Fuel efficiency and low emissions are two primary goals of these programs. The work presented here was funded by the ARES program and, thus, addresses the ARES 2010 goals of 50% thermal efficiency (fuel efficiency) and <0.1 g/bhp-hr emissions of oxides of nitrogen (NOx). A summary of the goals for the ARES program is given in Table 1-1. ARICE 2007 goals are 45% thermal efficiency and <0.015 g/bhp-hr NOx. Several approaches for improving the efficiency and emissions of natural gas reciprocating engines are being pursued. Approaches include: stoichiometric engine operation with exhaust gas recirculation and three-way catalysis, advanced combustion modes such as homogeneous charge compression ignition, and extension of the lean combustion limit with advanced ignition concepts and/or hydrogen mixing. The research presented here addresses the technical approach of combining efficient lean spark-ignited natural gas combustion with low emissions obtained from a lean NOx trap catalyst aftertreatment system. This approach can be applied to current lean engine technology or advanced lean engines that may result from related efforts in lean limit extension. Furthermore, the lean NOx trap technology has synergy with hydrogen-assisted lean limit extension since hydrogen is produced from natural gas during the lean NOx trap catalyst system process. The approach is also applicable to other lean engines such as diesel engines, natural gas turbines, and lean gasoline engines; other research activities have focused on those applications. Some commercialization of the technology has occurred for automotive applications (both diesel and lean gasoline engine vehicles) and natural gas turbines for stationary power. The research here specifically addresses barriers to commercialization of the technology for large lean natural gas reciprocating engines for stationary power. The report presented here is a comprehensive collection of research conducted by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) on lean NOx trap catalysis for lean natural gas reciprocating engines. The research was performed in the Department of Energy's ARES program from 2003 to 2007 and covers several aspects of the technology. All studies were conducted at ORNL on a Cummins C8.3G+ natural gas engine chosen based on industry input to simulate large lean natural gas engines. Specific technical areas addressed by the research include: NOx reduction efficiency, partial oxidation and reforming chemistry, and the effects of sulfur poisons on the partial oxidation

Parks, II, James E [ORNL; Storey, John Morse [ORNL; Theiss, Timothy J [ORNL; Ponnusamy, Senthil [ORNL; Ferguson, Harley Douglas [ORNL; Williams, Aaron M [ORNL; Tassitano, James B [ORNL

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Second Generation Advanced Reburning for High Efficiency N0x Control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy and Environmental Research Corporation is developing a family of high efficiency and low cost NO{sub x} control technologies for coal fired utility boilers based on Advanced Reburning (AR), a synergistic integration of basic reburning with injection of an N-agent. In conventional AR, injection of the reburn fuel is followed by simultaneous N-agent and overfire air injection. The second generation AR systems incorporate several components which can be used in different combinations. These components include: (1) Reburning Injection of the reburn fuel and overfire air. (2) N-agent Injection The N-agent (ammonia or urea) can be injected at different locations: into the reburning zone, along with the overfire air, and downstream of the overfire air injection. (3) N-agent Promotion Several sodium compounds can considerably enhance the NO{sub x} control from N-agent injection. These ''promoters'' can be added to aqueous N-agents. (4) Two Stages of N-agent Injection and Promotion Two N-agents with or without promoters can be injected at different locations for deeper NO{sub x} control. AR systems are intended for post-RACT applications in ozone non-attainment areas where NO{sub x} control in excess of 80% is required. AR will provide flexible installations that allow NO{sub x} levels to be lowered when regulations become more stringent. The total cost of NO{sub x} control for AR systems is approximately half of that for SCR. Experimental and kinetic modeling results for development of these novel AR systems are presented. Tests have been conducted in a 1.0 MMBtu/hr Boiler Simulator Facility with coal as the main fuel and natural gas as the reburning fuel. The results show that high efficiency NO{sub x} control, in the range 84-95%, can be achieved with various elements of AR. A comparative byproduct emission study was performed to compare the emissions from different variants of AR with commercial technologies (reburning and SNCR). For each technology sampling included: CO, SO{sub 2}, N{sub 2}O, total hydrocarbons, NH{sub 3}, HCN, SO{sub 3}, fly ash mass loading and size distribution, PM10, and carbon in ash. AR technologies do not generate significant byproduct emissions in comparison with basic reburning and SNCR processes under similar conditions. In most cases, byproduct emissions were found to be lower for the AR technologies. Kinetic modeling predictions qualitatively explain the experimental trends observed in the combustion tests. The detailed reaction mechanism can describe the interaction of NO and ammonia in the reburning and overfire air zones, the effect of mixing times, and the sodium promotion effect.

Zamansky, Vladimir M.; Maly, Peter, M.; Sheldon, Mark; Seeker, W. Randall; Folsom, Blair A.

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

159

I  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

I I , l ' I *; g j q / q / p - ; a _ . . . .o . P R E L IM I N A R Y S U R V E Y O F T H E F O R M E R G R A S S E L L I - R E S E A R C H L A B O R A T O R Y O F E .I. D U P O N T D E N E M O U R S A N D C O M P A N Y Cleveland, O h io W o rk p e r f o r m e d b y th e Health a n d S a fe ty R e s e a r c h Division O a k R i d g e N a tio n a l L a b o r a tory O a k R i d g e , T e n n e s s e e 3 7 8 3 0 M a r c h 1 9 8 0 O A K R I D G E N A T IO N A L L A B O R A T O R Y o p e r a te d b y U N IO N C A R B IDE C O R P O R A T IO N for th e D E P A R T M E N T O F E N E R G Y a s part o f th e F'ormerly U tilized S ites-- R e m e d i a l A c tio n P r o g r a m .- ,s , L _ _ . j . % $ 3 . FORMER GRASSELLI RESEARCH LABORATORY E.I. DUPONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY Cleveland, Ohio At the request of the Department of Energy (DOE, then ERDA), a preliminary survey was performed at a building now owned by Staodard Oil Company of Ohio and located at 3092 Broadway Avenue in Cleveland, Ohio

160

Transuranic (Tru) waste volume reduction operations at a plutonium facility  

SciTech Connect

Programmatic operations at the Los Alamos National Laboratory Plutonium Facility (TA 55) involve working with various amounts of plutonium and other highly toxic, alpha-emitting materials. The spread of radiological contamination on surfaces, airborne contamination, and excursions of contaminants into the operator's breathing zone are prevented through use of a variety of gloveboxes (the glovebox, coupled with an adequate negative pressure gradient, provides primary confinement). Size-reduction operations on glovebox equipment are a common activity when a process has been discontinued and the room is being modified to support a new customer. The Actin ide Processing Group at TA-55 uses one-meter-long glass columns to process plutonium. Disposal of used columns is a challenge, since they must be size-reduced to get them out of the glovebox. The task is a high-risk operation because the glass shards that are generated can puncture the bag-out bags, leather protectors, glovebox gloves, and the worker's skin when completing the task. One of the Lessons Learned from these operations is that Laboratory management should critically evaluate each hazard and provide more effective measures to prevent personnel injury. A bag made of puncture-resistant material was one of these enhanced controls. We have investigated the effectiveness of these bags and have found that they safely and effectively permit glass objects to be reduced to small pieces with a plastic or rubber mallet; the waste can then be easily poured into a container for removal from the glove box as non-compactable transuranic (TRU) waste. This size-reduction operation reduces solid TRU waste generation by almost 2% times. Replacing one-time-use bag-out bags with multiple-use glass crushing bags also contributes to reducing generated waste. In addition, significant costs from contamination, cleanup, and preparation of incident documentation are avoided. This effort contributes to the Los Alamos National Laboratory Continuous Improvement Program by improving the efficiency, cost-effectiveness, and formality of glovebox operations. In this report, the technical issues, associated with implementing this process improvement are addressed, the results discussed, effectiveness of Lessons Learned evaluated, and waste savings presented.

Cournoyer, Michael E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Nixon, Archie E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dodge, Robert L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Fife, Keith W [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sandoval, Arnold M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Garcia, Vincent E [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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161

Transuranic (Tru) waste volume reduction operations at a plutonium facility  

SciTech Connect

Programmatic operations at the Los Alamos National Laboratory Plutonium Facility (TA 55) involve working with various amounts of plutonium and other highly toxic, alpha-emitting materials. The spread of radiological contamination on surfaces, airborne contamination, and excursions of contaminants into the operator's breathing zone are prevented through use of a variety of gloveboxes (the glovebox, coupled with an adequate negative pressure gradient, provides primary confinement). Size-reduction operations on glovebox equipment are a common activity when a process has been discontinued and the room is being modified to support a new customer. The Actin ide Processing Group at TA-55 uses one-meter-long glass columns to process plutonium. Disposal of used columns is a challenge, since they must be size-reduced to get them out of the glovebox. The task is a high-risk operation because the glass shards that are generated can puncture the bag-out bags, leather protectors, glovebox gloves, and the worker's skin when completing the task. One of the Lessons Learned from these operations is that Laboratory management should critically evaluate each hazard and provide more effective measures to prevent personnel injury. A bag made of puncture-resistant material was one of these enhanced controls. We have investigated the effectiveness of these bags and have found that they safely and effectively permit glass objects to be reduced to small pieces with a plastic or rubber mallet; the waste can then be easily poured into a container for removal from the glove box as non-compactable transuranic (TRU) waste. This size-reduction operation reduces solid TRU waste generation by almost 2% times. Replacing one-time-use bag-out bags with multiple-use glass crushing bags also contributes to reducing generated waste. In addition, significant costs from contamination, cleanup, and preparation of incident documentation are avoided. This effort contributes to the Los Alamos National Laboratory Continuous Improvement Program by improving the efficiency, cost-effectiveness, and formality of glovebox operations. In this report, the technical issues, associated with implementing this process improvement are addressed, the results discussed, effectiveness of Lessons Learned evaluated, and waste savings presented.

Cournoyer, Michael E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Nixon, Archie E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dodge, Robert L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Fife, Keith W [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sandoval, Arnold M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Garcia, Vincent E [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z