National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for monox ide nonattainment

  1. Redundant Arrays of IDE Drives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. A. Sanders; L. M. Cremaldi; V. Eschenburg; C. N. Lawrence; C. Riley; D. J. Summers; D. L. Petravick

    2002-12-05

    The next generation of high-energy physics experiments is expected to gather prodigious amounts of data. New methods must be developed to handle this data and make analysis at universities possible. We examine some techniques that use recent developments in commodity hardware. We test redundant arrays of integrated drive electronics (IDE) disk drives for use in offline high-energy physics data analysis. IDE redundant array of inexpensive disks (RAID) prices now equal the cost per terabyte of million-dollar tape robots! The arrays can be scaled to sizes affordable to institutions without robots and used when fast random access at low cost is important. We also explore three methods of moving data between sites; internet transfers, hot pluggable IDE disks in FireWire cases, and writable digital video disks (DVD-R).

  2. Britt Ide | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p a l De pEnergy Industrialofof Energy briefingIde - President,

  3. Kom met je idee naar de PV! Dit intakeformulier is de eerste stap in de realisatie van uw idee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franssen, Michael

    Kom met je idee naar de PV! Dit intakeformulier is de eerste stap in de realisatie van uw idee budget voor dit idee? Waarmee kan de PV u helpen? * (Denk bijvoorbeeld aan een locatie, meedenken met de een idee aangeleverd bij de PV? Zo ja, wat waren uw ervaringen en wie was uw contactpersoon? Heeft u

  4. Terabyte IDE RAID-5 Disk Arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. A. Sanders; L. M. Cremaldi; V. Eschenburg; R. Godang; C. N. Lawrence; C. Riley; D. J. Summers; D. L. Petravick

    2003-06-04

    High energy physics experiments are currently recording large amounts of data and in a few years will be recording prodigious quantities of data. New methods must be developed to handle this data and make analysis at universities possible. We examine some techniques that exploit recent developments in commodity hardware. We report on tests of redundant arrays of integrated drive electronics (IDE) disk drives for use in offline high energy physics data analysis. IDE redundant array of inexpensive disks (RAID) prices now are less than the cost per terabyte of million-dollar tape robots! The arrays can be scaled to sizes affordable to institutions without robots and used when fast random access at low cost is important.

  5. An Inventor's GuIde to InnovAtIons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    An Inventor's GuIde to InnovAtIons CommerCIAlIzAtIon At old domInIon unIversIty #12;ContACt us odu.edu/facultystaff/ research/innovations- commercialization 757-683-4027 the Inventor's GuIde to InnovAtIons Commer of Michigan Tech Transfer's "An Inventor's Guide to Technology Transfer." We would like to thank

  6. Save-IDE A Tool for Design, Analysis and Implementation of Component-Based Embedded Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Becker, Steffen

    Save-IDE ­ A Tool for Design, Analysis and Implementation of Component-Based Embedded Systems S.nystrom, thomas.nolte, paul.pettersson, ivica.crnkovic}@mdh.se Abstract The paper presents Save-IDE, an Integrated Develop- ment Environment for the development of component-based embedded systems. Save-IDE supports

  7. Experiences in Implementing a Java Collaborative IDE over the Internet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Sheng-Wei

    1 Experiences in Implementing a Java Collaborative IDE over the Internet CHIEN-MIN WANG, SHUN of issues related to event broadcasting in a Java collaborative computing environment over the Internet. We technologies, communication over the Internet has become commonplace and collaboration via the Internet has

  8. Standards for Language Resources Nancy Ide,* Laurent Romary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ide, Nancy

    /TC 37/SC 4 standards should improve information management within industrial, technical and scientific in view. In the area of language resources, these standards should provide various technical committeesStandards for Language Resources Nancy Ide,* Laurent Romary * Department of Computer Science Vassar

  9. Emergent, Crowd-scale Programming Practice in the IDE Ethan Fast1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pratt, Vaughan

    Emergent, Crowd-scale Programming Practice in the IDE Ethan Fast1 , Daniel Steffee1 , Lucy Wang1 , Joel Brandt2 , Michael S. Bernstein1 Stanford University1 , Adobe Research2 {ethan.fast, dsteffee

  10. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 6, 19531976, 2006 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/6/1953/2006/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    as an important indirect green- house gas as it significantly impacts the OH budget. SCIA- MACHY is among), and nitrous oxide (N2O), and of the ozone precursor gas carbon monox- ide (CO), which also acts

  11. A FEATURE-BASED MODEL FOR LEXICAL DATABASES JEAN VRONIS, NANCY IDE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ide, Nancy

    A FEATURE-BASED MODEL FOR LEXICAL DATABASES JEAN VÉRONIS, NANCY IDE Groupe Représentation et on feature structures which overcomes most of the problems inherent in classical database models for most database research. Therefore, classical data models (e.g., relational) do not apply well

  12. An IDE for Software Development Using Tabular Expressions Dennis K. Peters1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawford, Mark

    Dept. of Computing and Software, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON 3 Software Quality Research Lab all 3 authors were at the Software Quality Research Laboratory, Univer- sity of Limerick. Copyright cAn IDE for Software Development Using Tabular Expressions Dennis K. Peters1 , Mark Lawford2

  13. IDES: A Java-based Distributed Simulation Engine David M. Nicol Michael M. Johnson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hybinette, Maria

    . In that class, the calculation an entity performs to determine its next wakeup time is the numerical integration of a differential equation. An example of such in communi- cations modeling is when one uses a Fluid Stochastic Petri Net (FSPN) to model the network [6]. Differential models describe fluid flow; in an IDES

  14. SBVR based Business Contract and Business Rule IDE Aqueo Kamada1,4, Guido Governatori 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Governatori, Guido

    to model SBVR (Semantic of Business Vocabulary and Business Rule) compliant businessSBVR based Business Contract and Business Rule IDE Aqueo Kamada1,4, Guido Governatori 2 rules [2] extracted from business contract of services and store them in an ontological

  15. CO2 leakage through existing wells: current technology and regulations S. Taku Ide1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CO2 leakage through existing wells: current technology and regulations S. Taku Ide1 , S. Julio the crust, and as such present zones of elevated risk to CO2 storage projects. Although current well closure and abandonment technology appears sufficient to contain CO2 at most sites, individual wells may suffer from

  16. Potential impacts of Title I nonattainment on the electric power industry: A Chicago case study (Phase 2)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fernau, M.E.; Makofske, W.J.; South, D.W.

    1993-06-01

    This study uses version IV of the Urban Airshed Model (UAM-IV) to examine the potential impacts of Title I (nonattainment) and Title IV (acid rain) of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA) on the utility industry. The UAM is run for a grid that covers the Commonwealth Edison Power Pool and encompasses the greater Chicago area and surrounding rural areas. Meteorological conditions are selected from an ozone (O{sub 3}) episode on July 5 and 6, 1988.

  17. Texas' Senate Bill 5 Legislation for Reducing Pollution in Non-Attainment and Affected Areas: Procedures for Measuring Electricity Savings from the Adoption of the International Energy Conservation Code (IRC/IECC 2001) in New Residences 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Turner, W. D.

    2002-01-01

    ) in residential construction in non-attainment and affected counties. These electricity savings will then be converted to NOx reductions using the appropriate...

  18. A methodology to evaluate energy savings and NOx emissions reductions from the adoption of the 2000 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) to new residences in non-attainment and affected counties in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Im, Piljae

    2004-09-30

    Currently, four areas of Texas have been designated by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as non-attainment areas because they exceeded the national one-hour ground-level ozone standard of 0.12 ...

  19. Texas’ Senate Bill 5 Legislation for Reducing Pollution in Non-Attainment and Affected Areas: Procedures for Measuring Electricity Savings from the Adoption of the International Energy Conservation Code (IRC/IECC 2001) in New Residences 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Turner, W. D.

    2002-01-01

    Four areas in Texas have been designated by the EPA as non-attainment areas because ozone levels exceed the NAAQS maximum allowable limits, Beaumont-Port Arthur, El Paso, Dallas-Ft. Worth, and Houston-Galveston-Brazoria. These areas face severe...

  20. Revised and Updated Thermochemical Properties of the Gases Mercapto ,,HS..., Disulfur Monoxide ,,S2O..., Thiazyl ,,NS...,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fegley Jr., Bruce

    in the 4th edition of the NIST-JANAF Thermochemical Tables. Updated enthalpies of formation were includedRevised and Updated Thermochemical Properties of the Gases Mercapto ,,HS..., Disulfur Monoxide ,,S2 to compute the thermochemical tables for four ideal gases: mercapto HS , disulfur monox- ide (S2O), thiazyl

  1. Summary We examined the effects of elevated carbon diox-ide concentration ([CO2]) on the relationship between light-sat-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeLucia, Evan H.

    carbon dioxide con- centration ([CO2]) increase in complexity, from single plants in pots to intactSummary We examined the effects of elevated carbon diox- ide concentration ([CO2 to showastrongstimulationof photosynthesisbyelevated[CO2]. Keywords: elevated CO2, foliar nitrogen, Free Air Carbon En

  2. 2-ID-E

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDidDevelopmentataboutScalablePhysicist:Possible Radiological Event

  3. Information Driven Evacuation System (I.D.E.S.) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grindrod, Samuel Edmund

    2014-11-27

    The effectiveness of an emergency response during an incident is often affected by the lack of information provided to the people within the situation about the current conditions. Deaths in large-scale fires are often ...

  4. RAPID/Roadmap/3-ID-e | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onRAPID/Geothermal/Exploration/Colorado <RAPID/Geothermal/Water Use/Nevadaa < RAPID‎f <CA-aa <dFD-pc

  5. RAPID/Roadmap/8-ID-e | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS Report UrlNM-b < RAPID‎ | RoadmapAK-abFD-a < RAPID‎ID-e

  6. Texas Senate Bill 5 - Reducing Pollution in Non-Attainment Areas: An Overview of the Legislation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Culp, Charles; Haberl, Jeff; Bahman, Yazdani; Fitzpatrick, Tom; Bryant, J.; Turner, D.

    2002-01-01

    The Jeff Jones steamflood model incorporates oil displacement by steam as described by Myhill and Stegemeier, and a three-component capture factor based on empirical correlations. The main drawback of the model however is the unsatisfactory...

  7. IDE Dataflow Analysis in the Presence of Large Object-Oriented Libraries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Guoqing "Harry"

    without any loss of precision. We define an approach for library summary generation by using a graph Heidelberg 2008 #12;54 A. Rountev, M. Sharp, and G. Xu techniques, we define a general approach for library. This approach also handles library callback sites that may invoke callback methods defined in future clients

  8. Detailed Description of Data for Texas' Senate Bill 5 Legislation for Reducing Pollution in Non-Attainment and Affected Areas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Im, P.; Haberl, J. S.; Ahmad, M.

    2002-01-01

    This is the report for detailed description of data what was used in the research for Senate Bill 5: Texas Emissions Reduction Plan (TERP). Basically this report is a manual for attached CD-ROM. The attached CD-ROM contains all data, documents...

  9. CIEAEM 57 Italie Italy Foire aux ides, Session de Poster Piazza Armerina, Forum of Ideas, Poster Session

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spagnolo, Filippo

    power stations, hydro energy, solar energy, energy from biomass. Hereunder I enclose one example on one's own any information needed in the scope of studied matter. Example: Wind power stations power (provided that losses and possibilities to install wind power stations are taken into account

  10. Texas’ Senate Bill 5 Legislation for Reducing Pollution in Non-Attainment and Affected Areas: Report for the TERP Advisory Board Meeting 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Turner, W. D.

    2002-01-01

    This report outlines the Energy Systems Laboratory's responsibilities in Senate Bill 5, accomplishments to date, recommendations to the TERP Advisory Group, and problems encountered to date and what is needed to fulfill ...

  11. Texas’ Senate Bill 5 Legislation for Reducing Pollution in Non-Attainment and Affected Areas: Annual Report to the Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Turner, W. D.

    2002-01-01

    This is the first annual report by the Energy Systems Laboratory, which covers the Laboratory's efforts to support Senate Bill 5. In this report the accomplishments and progress to date are presented, along with recommendations, ...

  12. Texas Senate Bill 5 Legislation for Reducing Pollution in Non-Attainment and Affected Areas: An Overview of Legislative Responsibilities, Code Compliance Issues and Accomplishments 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Culp, C.; Haberl, J. S.; Yazdani, B.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Bryant, J. A.; Turner, W. D.

    2004-01-01

    accepted procedures include the protocols of the International Performance Measurement and Verification Protocols (USDOE 2001), and ASHRAE Guideline 14- 2002 (ASHRAE 2002). Extension of the IPMVP and Guideline 14 procedures are necessary to improve... the accuracy of the calculation of peak- day emissions, which are required by the EPA for SIP credits. The 2001 IPMVP covers Options A, B, C and D, which were updated from the 1997 IPMVP. Volume II, published in March 2002, covers indoor environmental...

  13. Performance Contracting and Energy Efficiency in the State Government Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit

    2008-01-01

    urban and surrounding non-attainment counties in Texas are required to implement all cost-effective energy-efficiency

  14. Medieninformation Kommunikation und Medien

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haller-Dintelmann, Robert

    Schneider und Lukas Quurck für ihre Idee eines kinetischen Energiespeichers aus. Mit diesem kann Strom

  15. Response of photosynthesis to ocean acidification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mackey, KRM; Morris, JJ; Morris, JJ; Morel, FMM; Kranz, SA

    2015-01-01

    2013. Continuous hydrogen peroxide production by organicculture, including production of hydrogen perox- ide (Morris

  16. Catalytic site inhibition of insulin-degrading enzyme by a small molecule induces glucose intolerance in mice

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Deprez-Poulain, Rebecca; Hennuyer, Nathalie; Bosc, Damien; Liang, Wenguang G.; Enée, Emmanuelle; Marechal, Xavier; Charton, Julie; Totobenazara, Jane; Berte, Gonzague; Jahklal, Jouda; et al

    2015-09-23

    Insulin-degrading enzyme (IDE) is a protease that cleaves insulin and other bioactive peptides such as amyloid-?. Knockout and genetic studies have linked IDE to Alzheimer’s disease and type-2 diabetes. As the major insulin-degrading protease, IDE is a candidate drug target in diabetes. Here we have used kinetic target-guided synthesis to design the first catalytic site inhibitor of IDE suitable for in vivo studies (BDM44768). Crystallographic and small angle X-ray scattering analyses show that it locks IDE in a closed conformation. Among a panel of metalloproteases, BDM44768 selectively inhibits IDE. Acute treatment of mice with BDM44768 increases insulin signalling and surprisinglymore »impairs glucose tolerance in an IDE-dependent manner. These results confirm that IDE is involved in pathways that modulate short-term glucose homeostasis, but casts doubt on the general usefulness of the inhibition of IDE catalytic activity to treat diabetes.« less

  17. InP Etching by HI/Xe Inductively Coupled Plasma for Photonic-Crystal Device Fabrication Toshihide IDE, Jun-ichi HASHIMOTO, Kengo NOZAKI, Eiichi MIZUTA and Toshihiko BABA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baba, Toshihiko

    InP Etching by HI/Xe Inductively Coupled Plasma for Photonic-Crystal Device Fabrication Toshihide: 10.1143/JJAP.45.L102] KEYWORDS: dry etching, ICP, InP, HI, photonic crystal, nanolaser Photonic this temperature is higher than the temperature limit of resists. In recent years, dry etching with HI gas has

  18. The Top Ten Things I Learned at the Ambassador Retreat | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    The Top Ten Things I Learned at the Ambassador Retreat The Top Ten Things I Learned at the Ambassador Retreat September 4, 2014 - 1:36pm Addthis Britt Ide President, Ide Law &...

  19. 1 2. Goverrunent Accession No.1. Report No. SWUTC/96/467303-1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the classification of "severe" non-attainment brings considerable economic penalties with it, cities currently not classified as "sever" non-attainment are continuously trying to find ways to reduce air pollution. Voluntary trip reduction strategies for work sites have been adopted by these cities as a way to control

  20. Looking through the Pseudo-Scalar Portal into Dark Matter: Novel Mono-Higgs and Mono-$Z$ Signatures at LHC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jose Miguel No

    2015-09-03

    Mono-$X$ signatures are a powerful collider probe of the nature of dark matter. We show that mono-Higgs and mono-$Z$ may be key signatures of pseudo-scalar portal interactions between dark matter and the SM. We demonstrate this using a simple renormalizable version of the portal, with a Two-Higgs-Doublet-Model as electroweak symmetry breaking sector. Mono-$Z$ and mono-Higgs signatures in this scenario are of resonant type, which constitutes a novel type of dark matter signature at LHC.

  1. Detailed Analysis of Thermal Mass Effects in a Code-Traceable DOE-2 Simulation of the 2000 IECC for a Single-Family Residence in Texas: A Project for Texas' Senate Bill 5 Legislation for Reducing Pollution in Nonattainment and Affected Areas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, S.; Haberl, J. S.

    2008-07-18

    Case DOE-2e Model (IECC1105.inp) ....................................................... 7 2.1.1 House Dimension / Heating and Cooling Controls..................................... 7 2.1.2 Thermal Properties of IECC1105.inp... ......................................................... 7 2.2 Refined Base Case DOE-2e Model (IECC1303.inp).......................................... 8 2.2.1 Thermal properties of wall construction..................................................... 8 2.2.2 The comparison of original IECC1105.inp...

  2. Areas Participating in the Reformulated Gasoline Program (Released in the STEO June 1999)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    1999-01-01

    Section 107(d) of the Clean Air Act, as amended in 1990 (the Act), required states to identify all areas that do not meet the national ambient air quality standards (NAAQS) for ozone, and directed the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to designate these areas as ozone nonattainment areas. Section 181 of the Act required EPA to classify each area as a marginal, moderate, serious, severe or extreme ozone nonattainment area. EPA classified all areas that were designated as in nonattainment for ozone at the time of the enactment of the 1990 Amendments, except for certain "nonclassifiable" areas (56 FR 56694, November 6, 1991).

  3. The Chicago VOC trading system : the consequences of market design for performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kosobud, Richard F.

    2004-01-01

    The Chicago cap-and-trade approach to regulating stationary source VOC emissions in the Chicago ozone non-attainment area is a pioneering program that could set a precedent for other urban areas troubled by high ozone ...

  4. Preliminary assessment of the impact of commercial aircraft on local air quality in the U.S.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ratliff, Gayle L. (Gayle Lois)

    2007-01-01

    This thesis examines the impact of aircraft emissions on local air quality by performing two analyses: an assessment of U.S. commercial aircraft contribution to county budgets of primary pollutants in nonattainment areas, ...

  5. High-latitude cooling associated with landscape changes from North American boreal forest fires

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, B. M; Randerson, J. T; Bonan, G. B

    2013-01-01

    stand age on the bo- real forest energy balance, Agr. Forestenergy exchange in Arctic tundra and boreal forest:diox- ide and energy fluxes, Agr. Forest Meteorol. , 96,

  6. Weather regime prediction using statistical learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deloncle, A.; Berk, Richard; D’Andrea, F.; Ghil, M.

    2005-01-01

    and B. Legras, 1995: Weather regimes: Recurrence and quasi10952. Molteni, F. , 2002: Weather regimes and multipleK. Ide, and M. Ghil, 2004: Weather regimes and preferred

  7. Weather Regime Prediction Using Statistical Learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deloncle, A.; Berk, Richard A.; D'Andrea, F.; Ghil, M.

    2005-01-01

    and B. Legras, 1995: Weather regimes: Recurrence and quasi10952. Molteni, F. , 2002: Weather regimes and multipleK. Ide, and M. Ghil, 2004: Weather regimes and preferred

  8. ELLIPTISKE KURVER STEFFEN BACH HANSEN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, Johan P.

    3.1. Lenstras ide 18 3.2. Lenstras algoritme 18 3.3. Hvorfor er Lenstras algoritme smart? 20 Bilag A

  9. Bilateral sexual tetraploidization in red clover I w. A. PARROlT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parrott, Wayne

    tetraplo'ides, ce qui representait des frequences respectives de 3,33 etde 5,00 oospheres2n par 1000 fleurs

  10. Weather Regime Prediction Using Statistical Learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Deloncle; R. Berk; F. D'Andrea; M. Ghil

    2011-01-01

    and B. Legras, 1995: Weather regimes: Recurrence and quasi10952. Molteni, F. , 2002: Weather regimes and multipleK. Ide, and M. Ghil, 2004: Weather regimes and preferred

  11. Summary - SRS Salt Waste Processing Facility

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    key readiness of these te ntal Manage Facility hemistry - feed uired for proces le precipitation itator - provide of MST solids i Filter - retains ides) resulting e Solvent Extra...

  12. Bespoke Tools: Adapted to the Concepts Developers Know

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahler, Dennis R.

    Bespoke Tools: Adapted to the Concepts Developers Know Brittany Johnson, Rahul Pandita, Emerson developers have varying levels of ex- pertise, the tools in one developer's integrated development environment (IDE) behave the same as the tools in every other developers' IDE. In this paper, we propose

  13. An Integrated Development Environment for Building Predictable Component-Based Embedded Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Becker, Steffen

    Save-IDE An Integrated Development Environment for Building Predictable Component-Based Embedded-- In this paper we present an Integrated Development Environment Save-IDE, a toolset that embraces several tools-time properties, such as timing properties, and transforming the components to real-time execution elements. Save

  14. 6638 Journal of the American Chemical Society / 101:22 / October 24, I979 Selenium Stabilized Carbanions. Preparation of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich, Hans J.

    into methyl phenyl sulfide increased the kinetic acidity by a factor of 22.4. A variety of @-hydroxyselenides)methane) to carbonyl compounds. These @-hydroxyselen- ides are converted to olefins on treatment with rnethanesulfonyl

  15. On Deconstructing Immigrant Generations:Cohorts and the Cuban émigré experience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eckstein, Susan

    2004-01-01

    Habana: 1998, p.253. Díaz-Briquets, Sergio and Jorge Pérezas Cuban-American (Diaz-Briquets and Perez-Lopez 2003: i).de facto exchange rate ( Diaz-Briquets and Perez-Lopez 2003:

  16. The Science and Technology of Automatable Droplet Lipid Bilayer Platforms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Portonovo, Shiva A.

    2012-01-01

    lipid membranes. Analytical chemistry, 2010. 82(18): p.Ion Currents. Analytical Chemistry 2008. 80: p. 328-332 Ide,Recordings. Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 2008. 80(20):

  17. Per una dinamica nei fondamenti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sambin, Giovanni

    ). Credo di introdurre delle idee davvero nuove, anche con rilevanza filosofica generale, e non solo per la non credo sia facile. Oppure `e da espandere qualche parte di Alla ricerca. . . fino a farlo diventare

  18. Proceedings of the sixth ESSLLI Student Session

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Striegnitz, Kristina

    Areces, Mira Ariel, Alessandro Artale, Paolo Baldan, Jorg Bauer, Michael Beeson, Lev Beklemishev, Agnes, Klaus von Heusinger, Dirk Heylen, Colin Hirsch, Nancy Ide, Rosalie Iemho#11;, Amar Isli, Gerhard J

  19. Investigations of fault zone behavior during earthquake cycles using hydrology and geodesy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xue, Lian

    2015-01-01

    on faults after large earthquakes? Fulton, P. M. , R. N.and S. Ide (2011), Slow earthquakes and nonvolcanic tremor,The 2007 Pisco, Peru, earthquake (M8.0): seismology and

  20. Building Technologies Program - 1995 Annual Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selkowitz, S.E.

    2010-01-01

    to Design A i d LBL-38526, May 1995. Tools," InternationalNiobium Pentox- gust 14-16, 1995, Madison, WI. Also ideEnergy. Mat. Sol. Cells, 36 (1995) ratory Report LBL 37285,

  1. Princeton Plasma Physics laboratory weekly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ......... page 6 Cafe@PPPL Menu ... page 7 INsIde... page 1 of 7 MONDAY, DEC. 9MONDAY, DEC. 9 Group Photo con- finement of the alpha particles is critically important since they are to serve as the primary

  2. Evaluation of pre-packaged agricultural drip irrigation kits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Shen, S.B. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is to conduct user testing and performance evaluation of two different agricultural pre-packaged drip irrigation kit (PDIK) systems: Chapin Bucket Kit and International Design Enterprises (IDE) ...

  3. Sustainable Development & Land Use Committee Meeting Meeting 2009-2010 #1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009 Present: Hugh Scott (Chair); Esther Barnett; Keith Baxter; Michel Caron; Mary Ellen Donnan; Kyle Barnett Seconded by: Keith Baxter 1.3 Business Arising: None. 1.4 SDAG Report ­ Erika Ide Erika spoke

  4. FDA Regulations and Definitions, FDA & HHS Similarities and Differences, Applicability of Each

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biederman, Irving

    . Significant Risk Device versus NonSignificant Risk Device e. HUD ­ Humanitarian Use Devices (Amdur, 10 which may be funded by others b. Clinicaltrials.gov c. FDA device applications ­ HUD, IND, IDE

  5. Experimental modeling of intergranular exchange coupling for perpendicular thin film media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, David E.

    does exist in the CoCrPt-oxide layer of present perpendicular thin film media, especially for media to quantitatively determine the ferromagnetic ex- change coupling through an oxide layer as a function of ox- ide

  6. UniversitrioUFSC -Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina 991295/2006-DR/SC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Floeter, Sergio Ricardo

    projetos de empresas, universidades e pessoas físi- cas que incentivem a sustentabilidade no Brasil e tem o parceria entre o Laboratório de Energia Solar da UFSC, Eletrosul e Instituto Ide- al. Já a aluna Aline

  7. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 82558267, 2014 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/14/8255/2014/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierce, Jeffrey

    of nitrogen ox- ides (NOx), sulfur dioxide (SO2), carbon dioxide (CO2) and Published by Copernicus. Particles in the atmosphere are of concern due to their toxic properties and effects on climate. In coastal

  8. Removal of Herbicide Residua and Nitrates from Agricultural Waters by Aquatic Plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bayer, David E; Rejmankova, Eliska

    1990-01-01

    filficufoides (a), and Lemna minor (b). I I z» 0.20 "'CJaquaticum) and floating (Lemna minor, AzalIa fificuloides)The floating plants, Lemna minor and AzalIa fillicu 10ides,

  9. Optimizing mixer geometries for dielectrophoretic micro-concentrators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hsu-Yi

    2006-01-01

    Dielectrophoretic (DEP) force, generated by interdigitated electrodes (IDEs), has been utilized to capture bio-particles for microfluidic concentration. However, due to the localized DEP force, DEP-based ,/ -concentrators ...

  10. Developing an Adaptive User Interface in Eclipse Alex Leung, Scott Morisson, Matt Wringe and Ying Zou

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zou, Ying

    Zou Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Queen's University Kingston, Ontario, Canada {2, increasing UI clutter. IDEs, such as Eclipse (i.e., open source Java development environment) [3], often

  11. Potassium in Atlantic Coastal Plain Soils: I. Soil Characterization and Distribution of Potassium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sparks, Donald L.

    ). Potassium can react with Al-hydrox- ides and acid calcium phosphate solutions to form taranakite (Taylor et al., 1963). In addition, K could be coprecipitated with Al and sulfate to form alunite in acid soils

  12. Predicting Weather Regime Transitions in Northern Hemisphere Datasets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Kondrashov; J. Shen; R. Berk; F. D

    2011-01-01

    R, D’Andrea F, Ghil M (2007) Weather regime prediction usingA case study. Mon. Weather Rev. , 120, 1616–1627. Kimoto M,D, Ide K, Ghil M (2004) Weather regimes and preferred

  13. Predicting Weather Regime Transitions in Northern Hemisphere Datasets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kondrashov, D.; Shen, J.; Berk, R.; D., F

    2006-01-01

    R, D’Andrea F, Ghil M (2007) Weather regime prediction usingA case study. Mon. Weather Rev. , 120, 1616–1627. Kimoto M,D, Ide K, Ghil M (2004) Weather regimes and preferred

  14. Predicting Weather Regime Transitions in Northern Hemisphere Datasets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kondrashov, Dmitri; Shen, Jie; Berk, Richard; D'Andrea, F.; Ghil, M.

    2006-01-01

    R, D'Andrea F, Ghil M (2007) Weather regime prediction usingA case study. Mon. Weather Rev. , 120, 1616-1627. Kimoto M ,D, Ide K , Ghil M (2004) Weather regimes and preferred

  15. Inter-comparison exercises on dissolved gases for groundwater dating (1) Goals of the exercise and site choice, validation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -aquifer of Fontainebleau (Paris Basin, France) and GDAT2 on two supply boreholes (shallow and deep) in a fractured rock in 2012 in France (IDES ­ Université Paris Sud ­ CNRS and OSUR ­ Université Rennes 1 ­ CNRS). The goal

  16. 1. Report No. SWUTC/11/476660-00022-1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Resource Allocation, Emission Reduction, Non-attainment, Fleet Operations, PM, NOx, CO, THC, CO2, 18. Title and Subtitle OPTIMIZED DEPLOYMENT OF EMISSION REDUCTION TECHNOLOGIES FOR LARGE FLEETS 5. Report This research study produced an optimization framework for determining the most efficient emission reduction

  17. Photochemical aging of volatile organic compounds in the Los Angeles basin: Weekday-weekend effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldstein, Allen

    in ozone, caused by lower NOx emissions due to reduced diesel truck traffic in the weekends, has been nonattainment area. [3] In the LA basin the main emission sources for the ozone precursors VOCs and NOx (NO + NO that in the LA basin in 2008 mobile sources were the dominant emission sources and accounted for 89% of total NOx

  18. ENVIRONMENTAL EVALUATION NOTIFICATION FORM Grantee/Contractor Laboratory: Princeton University/Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    . Hazardous, Toxic, or Criteria Pollutant Air Emissions 21. No 22. Liquid Effluent 22. No 23. Underground. Prime, Unique or Important Farmland 5. No 6. Non-Attainment Areas 6. No 7. Class I Air Quality Control Region 7. No 8. Special Sources of Groundwater (e.g. Sole Source Aquifer) 8. No 9. Navigable Air Space 9

  19. Technical Report Documentation Page 1. Report No.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    pollution reduction plans in non-attainment areas. Houston, then and now, registered the most severe air pollution in the state and was under mandatory trip reduction according to guidelines administered for those cities were less severe and mandatory trip reduction was not required. From the program's onset

  20. Structure–activity relationships of imidazole-derived 2-[N-carbamoylmethyl-alkylamino]acetic acids, dual binders of human insulin-degrading enzyme

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Charton, Julie [Biostructures and Drug Discovery, Lille (France); Institut Pasteur de Lille, Lille (France); PRIM, Lille (France); CDithem Platform/IGM, Paris (France); Gauriot, Marion [Biostructures and Drug Discovery, Lille (France); Institut Pasteur de Lille, Lille (France); PRIM, Lille (France); CDithem Platform/IGM, Paris (France); Totobenazara, Jane [Biostructures and Drug Discovery, Lille (France); Institut Pasteur de Lille, Lille (France); PRIM, Lille (France); CDithem Platform/IGM, Paris (France); Hennuyer, Nathalie [Institut Pasteur de Lille, Lille (France); INSERM U1011 Nuclear Receptors, Lille (France); Dumont, Julie [Biostructures and Drug Discovery, Lille (France); Institut Pasteur de Lille, Lille (France); PRIM, Lille (France); CDithem Platform/IGM, Paris (France); Bosc, Damien [Biostructures and Drug Discovery, Lille (France); Institut Pasteur de Lille, Lille (France); PRIM, Lille (France); CDithem Platform/IGM, Paris (France); Marechal, Xavier [Biostructures and Drug Discovery, Lille (France); Institut Pasteur de Lille, Lille (France); PRIM, Lille (France); CDithem Platform/IGM, Paris (France); Elbakali, Jamal [Biostructures and Drug Discovery, Lille (France); Institut Pasteur de Lille, Lille (France); PRIM, Lille (France); CDithem Platform/IGM, Paris (France); Herledan, Adrien [Biostructures and Drug Discovery, Lille (France); Institut Pasteur de Lille, Lille (France); PRIM, Lille (France); CDithem Platform/IGM, Paris (France); Wen, Xiaoan [Biostructures and Drug Discovery, Lille (France); Institut Pasteur de Lille, Lille (France); PRIM, Lille (France); CDithem Platform/IGM, Paris (France); Ronco, Cyril [Biostructures and Drug Discovery, Lille (France); Institut Pasteur de Lille, Lille (France); PRIM, Lille (France); CDithem Platform/IGM, Paris (France); Gras-Masse, Helene [Biostructures and Drug Discovery, Lille (France); Institut Pasteur de Lille, Lille (France); PRIM, Lille (France); CDithem Platform/IGM, Paris (France); Heninot, Antoine [Biostructures and Drug Discovery, Lille (France); Institut Pasteur de Lille, Lille (France); PRIM, Lille (France); CDithem Platform/IGM, Paris (France); Pottiez, Virginie [Biostructures and Drug Discovery, Lille (France); Institut Pasteur de Lille, Lille (France); PRIM, Lille (France); CDithem Platform/IGM, Paris (France); Landry, Valerie [Biostructures and Drug Discovery, Lille (France); Institut Pasteur de Lille, Lille (France); PRIM, Lille (France); CDithem Platform/IGM, Paris (France); Staels, Bart [Institut Pasteur de Lille, Lille (France); INSERM U1011 Nuclear Receptors, Lille (France); Liang, Wenguang G. [The Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States); Leroux, Florence [Biostructures and Drug Discovery, Lille (France); Institut Pasteur de Lille, Lille (France); PRIM, Lille (France); CDithem Platform/IGM, Paris (France); Tang, Wei -Jen [The Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States); Deprez, Benoit [Biostructures and Drug Discovery, Lille (France); Institut Pasteur de Lille, Lille (France); PRIM, Lille (France); CDithem Platform/IGM, Paris (France); Deprez-Poulain, Rebecca [Biostructures and Drug Discovery, Lille (France); Institut Pasteur de Lille, Lille (France); PRIM, Lille (France); CDithem Platform/IGM, Paris (France)

    2015-01-01

    Insulin degrading enzyme (IDE) is a zinc metalloprotease that degrades small amyloid peptides such as amyloid-â and insulin. So far the dearth of IDE-specific pharmacological inhibitors impacts the understanding of its role in the physiopathology of Alzheimer's disease, amyloid-â clearance, and its validation as a potential therapeutic target. Hit 1 was previously discovered by high-throughput screening. Here we describe the structure-activity study, that required the synthesis of 48 analogues. We found that while the carboxylic acid, the imidazole and the tertiary amine were critical for activity, the methyl ester was successfully optimized to an amide or a 1,2,4-oxadiazole. Along with improving their activity, compounds were optimized for solubility, lipophilicity and stability in plasma and microsomes. The docking or co-crystallization of some compounds at the exosite or the catalytic site of IDE provided the structural basis for IDE inhibition. The pharmacokinetic properties of best compounds 44 and 46 were measured in vivo. As a result, 44 (BDM43079) and its methyl ester precursor 48 (BDM43124) are useful chemical probes for the exploration of IDE's role.

  1. In pursuit of clean air: a data book of problems and strategies at the state level. Volume 4. Federal Regions V and VII

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garvey, D.B.; Streets, D.G.

    1980-02-01

    The following material is provided for each state in Federal Regions V and VII: state title page lists nonattainment areas for each pollutant, the number of monitors with valid readings for a particular averaging time for a pollutant, and the number of monitors that recorded a violation of the standard); revised State Implementation Plan (SIP) outline (covers sources of the problems, the proposed strategies for achieving attainment, and new state review procedures); maps of nonattainment areas, as designated; SAROAD (Storage and Retrieval of Aerometric Data) data; SAROAD data maps; power plant data; power plant maps; and county maps. States in Federal Region V are Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin. Federal Region VII includes Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, and Nebraska. (JGB)

  2. In pursuit of clean air: a data book of problems and strategies at the state level. Volume 5. Federal Regions VIII, IX, and X

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garvey, D.B.; Streets, D.G.

    1980-02-01

    The following material is provided for each state in Federal Regions VIII, IX, and X: state title page (lists nonattainment areas for each pollutant, the number of monitors with valid readings for a particular averaging time for a pollutant, and the number of monitors that recorded a violation of the standard); revised State Implementation Plan (SIP) outline (covers sources of the problems, the proposed strategies for achieving attainment, and new state review procedures); maps of nonattainment areas, as designated; SAROAD (Storage and Retrieval of Aerometric Data) data; SAROAD data maps; power plant data; power plant maps; and county maps. States in Federal Region VIII are Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, and Wyoming. Federal Region IX includes Arizona, California, and Nevada. Federal Region X includes Idaho, Oregon, and Washington. (JGB)

  3. Review: Elke Hentschel, Theo Harden: Einführung in die germanistische linguistik

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jesenšek, Vida

    2014-11-01

    Spra- che? Sprachgeschichte. Avtor T. Harden nato v nazorno-pronicljivem slogu pre- ide h kronološki predstavitvi razvoja nemškega jezika. – Razdelek, posve?en dialektologiji, nosi naslov Das ist doch keine Sprache, das ist eine Halskrank- heit. Dia... Spra- che? Sprachgeschichte. Avtor T. Harden nato v nazorno-pronicljivem slogu pre- ide h kronološki predstavitvi razvoja nemškega jezika. – Razdelek, posve?en dialektologiji, nosi naslov Das ist doch keine Sprache, das ist eine Halskrank- heit. Dia...

  4. A Study of the Effect of Warm-Up on Certain Physiological Parameters During Exercise and Recovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hawkins, Herbert C. Jr.

    1968-01-01

    t a l stroking. Three subjects part ic ipated in sprint r ides on the bicycle ergometer a f ter preliminary exercise and without warming up. They concluded that none of the warming devices improved times in running hhO yards or improved performance... t a l stroking. Three subjects part ic ipated in sprint r ides on the bicycle ergometer a f ter preliminary exercise and without warming up. They concluded that none of the warming devices improved times in running hhO yards or improved performance...

  5. Urban alliance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zmuda, J.T. [Cottrell Environmental Services, Branchburg, NJ (United States)

    1993-06-01

    Early reviews of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA) focused most strongly on the effects of Title I on local governments, the impact of Title III on industry, and requirements of Title IV on utilities. By concentrating on the compliance issues presented by Title III, however, some industries have overlooked the potential consequences of Title I, which can be expected to affect virtually every industrial operation within it designated nonattainment area by the turn of the century.

  6. Energy Efficiency/Renewable Energy Impact in the Texas Emissions Reduction Plan (TERP) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Yazdani, B.; Culp, C.

    2007-01-01

    p. 2 41 Counties in Texas designated non-attainment or affected. Senate Bill 5 (77th Legislature, 2001) Ch. 386. Texas Emissions Reduction Plan Sec. 386.205. Evaluation Of State Energy Efficiency Programs (with PUC) Ch. 388. Texas Building... Energy Performance Standards Sec. 388.003. Adoption Of Building Energy Efficiency Performance Standards. Sec. 388.004. Enforcement Of Energy Standards Outside Of Municipality. Sec. 388.007. Distribution Of Information And Technical Assistance. Sec...

  7. Energy Efficiency/Renewable Energy Impact in the Texas Emissions Reduction Plan (TERP), Vol. III - Technical Appendix 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baltazar-Cervantes, J. C.; Gilman, D.; Verdict, M.; Yazdani, B.; Ahmed, M.; Muns, S.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Liu, Z.; Turner, W. D.; Degelman, L. O.; Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.

    2006-10-31

    ), including the 2001 Supplement (IECC 2001) which represents one of the first times that the EPA is considering State Implementation Plan (SIP) credits from energy conservation and renewable energy– an important new development for building efficiency... in the Dallas – Fort Worth area. ESL-IC-10/05-31 1 total to forty-one counties (sixteen non-attainment and twenty-five affected counties). On February 2004, the TCEQ issued a document entitled “Incorporating Energy Efficiency/Renewable Energy (EE...

  8. Geophysical Prospecting doi: 10.1111/1365-2478.12092 Navigating marine electromagnetic transmitters using dipole field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Constable, Steve

    to hydrocarbon reservoirs in production, or to monitor the seques- tration of carbon dioxide. Marine controlled.A.Weitemeyer@soton.ac.uk the production of reservoirs and sequestration of carbon diox- ide (Orange et al. 2009; Lien & Mannseth 2008 (CSEM) technique has been adopted by the hydrocarbon industry to characterize the resistivity of targets

  9. President's rePort 2011 THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS AT ARLINGTON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiao, Jung-Chih

    ;disCovery breATHes life inTo ingenious ideAs At The University of Texas at Arlington, we are committed around us, or educating the next generation of leaders, UT Arlington is dedicated to discovery. #12;The

  10. POLLUTION IN THE LOWER COLUMBIA BASIN IN 1948-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    POLLUTION IN THE LOWER COLUMBIA BASIN IN 1948- With particular reference to the Willamette River, intended to aid or direct management or utilization praotices and as gi.\\ides for administrative POLLUTION IN THE LOTOR COLIMRIA BASIN IN 1948 WITH PARTI CirW.R REFERENCE TO THE WTLLAJTETTE BASIN

  11. Computer methods for predicting storm hydrographs based on antecedent soil moisture 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, Clarence Wade

    1967-01-01

    COMPUT-R laE HODS F' OR PRPD1C11 &C STORSi HYDROGRAPHS BAS. D OH AtilECEDESIT SOFL NIOISTJRE A . Heels By CLAREIlCE I(%DE RTCHARDSCH Submif fed ro the Graduate ColleSe of the Texas A8i~il dnivers~ ty in partiai:uifiilment of the -cqu...

  12. Naturwissenschaften in der Galaxie Mit einem Festakt ist das Haus der Astronomie eingeweiht worden, ein neues Kommunikationszentrum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Falge, Eva

    Ozean. Von Klaus Tschira stammte die Idee, den Grundriss des Gebäudes an der Form einer Spiralgalaxie zu- warehersteller. Über seine Stiftung ist Klaus Tschira Bauherr des Hauses der Astronomie. Kurz vor Beginn der-Württembergs Wissenschaftsministerin Theresia Bauer und ihre Kollegin vom Kultusressort, Gabriele War- minski-Leitheußer, betonten die

  13. Uni ed Notation for Data Assimilation: Operational, Sequential and Variational 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ide, Kayo

    . Introduction and motivation Model-based assimilation of observations, or data assimilation for short, has substantial progress in the practical implementation of advanced data-assimilation methods, based on bothUni ed Notation for Data Assimilation: Operational, Sequential and Variational 1 By K. Ide2

  14. T. M. Lenton M. S. Williamson N. R. Edwards R. Marsh A. R. Price A. J. Ridgwell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williamson, Mark

    T. M. Lenton Æ M. S. Williamson Æ N. R. Edwards R. Marsh Æ A. R. Price Æ A. J. Ridgwell J. G a 3-D frictional geostrophic ocean, phosphate-restoring marine biogeochemistry, dynamic CO2 close to present observations. Six ide- alized total fossil fuel CO2 emissions scenarios are used

  15. Room-temperature mid-infrared laser sensor for trace gas detection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    important atmospheric trace gases such as nitric oxide NO , carbon monoxide CO , nitrous ox- ide N2O , formaldehyde H2CO , methane CH4 , and sulfur dioxide SO2 . Applications that require such measurements include- bines high-speed, high-precision, remote sensing capabilities and convenient access to wavelengths

  16. Plant Ecology doi: 10.1093/jpe/rts010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    atmospheric carbon dioxide (Cleland et al. 2007), (iii) forest ecohydrology, e.g. evapotranspiration, preJournal of Plant Ecology PAGES 1­8 doi: 10.1093/jpe/rts010 Applicability of remote sensing- based and its ability of exchanging atmospheric carbon diox- ide, forest ecohydrology, risk of insect

  17. Applied Engineering in Agriculture Vol. 22(4): 597-600 E 2006 American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers ISSN 0883-8542 597

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    He, Brian

    . Application of alkaline catalysts can also lead to undesired soap formation. This study evaluated the alkaline producers. Alkyl oxide solutions of sodium methox- ide (NaOCH3) or potassium methoxide (KOCH3) in metha- nol. Hydrolysis of triglycerides and alkyl esters may occur due to the presence of water, which further leads

  18. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 5, 29893002, 2005 www.atmos-chem-phys.org/acp/5/2989/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    the emission of carbon monoxide (CO), carbon diox- ide (CO2), and aerosol particles from Amazonian deforesta emitted per amount biomass burned was found to be depen- dent on the fire conditions (combustion in combustion behavior within each in- dividual fire. This was confirmed by observations of CO-to- CO2 emission

  19. CERFACS Scientific Activity Report Jan. 2004 Dec. 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    film in Direct Injection Engines (IDE). . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 2.2 Supersonic H2 - O2 combustion.6 Steady two-phase combustion in a SNECMA combustor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 2.7 Snapshot of the ignition sequence in a Turbomeca combustor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 2.8 Configuration (left

  20. 1 OCTOBER 1998 3077F E L D S T E I N A N D L E E 1998 American Meteorological Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Sukyoung

    and Hundermark 1992; Hartmann 1995; Hartmann and Lo 1998) and in ide- alized numerical models (Robinson 1991, 1996; Yu and Hartmann 1993; Lee and Feldstein 1996; Feldstein and Lee 1996). The modeling studies of Robinson (1991) and Yu and Hartmann (1993) present results suggesting that the ZI anomaly is maintained

  1. CX-011863: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Easts Ide Renovation Project Zone 1-Revision (T-1-11) CX(s) Applied: B2.5, B5.2, B5.4, B5.5 Date: 03/13/2014 Location(s): Wyoming Offices(s): RMOTC

  2. A morphological comparison of the eyes of some falconiform and passeriform birds with special reference to: Passer domesticus, Mimus polyglottos, Sturnella magna, Falco sparverius, Cathartes aura, and Buteo jamaicensis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lord, Rexford D

    1953-01-01

    ae to vivant ea attsatiaa, The eye Xsogth ie the% dietae? Rom the eyes af eureature of the cornea, te the eyyaeite ?pea of egmtgye of the eels' ia the oeatee o? th? fedora The men tavern'el disesteem is the distance fne the earn% ?ide of the ego...

  3. DOE Joint Genome Institute 2008 Progress Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbert, David

    2009-01-01

    ries Oak Ri a ato nt o DO me e DOE l labor amos, onAlph ar tio teg ac ana hem dP or B DOE m ogeoc ides in tional achesmanufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute

  4. On the Buoyancy Forcing and Residual Circulation in the Southern Ocean: The Feedback from Ekman and Eddy Transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Ric

    . De- spite the local uncertainty in air­sea fluxes, Speer and Tziperman (1992) extended this framework of ide- alized and inverse model studies, including the role of eddies (Marshall 1997; Speer et al. 2000 the in- verse studies of Speer et al. (2000) and Sloyan and Rintoul (2001). The surface density flux

  5. CMSC 412 Project #5 File System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hollingsworth, Jeffrey K.

    will be emailed to you). CFS - Chameleon FileSystem The main part of this project is to develop a new filesystem. The second IDE disk's image is called diskd.img. CFS will provide a filesystem that includes multiple. Then you can mount the CFS file system on drive 1 onto /d, for instance. VFS and file operations Since

  6. An Integrated Electric Power Supply Chain and Fuel Market Network Framework: Theoretical Modeling with Empirical Analysis for New England

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    An Integrated Electric Power Supply Chain and Fuel Market Network Framework: Theoretical Modeling regions and multiple electricity markets under deregulation to quantify the interactions in electric power an oligopolistic electricity market model with a nitrogen ox- ide permit market, and provided examples based

  7. Mid-infrared reflectance spectra and optical constants of six iron oxide/oxyhydroxide phases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glotch, Timothy D.

    iron oxide/oxyhydrox- ide phases--magnetite, maghemite, goethite, lepidocrocite, akaganéite). Synthetic nano- crystalline samples of maghemite, goethite, lepidocrocite, akaganéite, and ferrihydrite were are all derived from nanocystalline synthetic powders and include maghemite (c-Fe2O3), goethite (a

  8. Design of route guidance information for elderly bus passengers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Pei Pei

    1992-01-01

    csoek\\Ide Ml Dk bio Wvd/ CMc/ ave 5oulh Ncdh credrslde Stood m llmadway Arrive SANT Wrdrml Creek & QuntyQnnection 5 53 alp 7 10 I 50 S 3D 909 949 10 28 11 46 12 la I od I 45 231 304 3 44 4 25 504 S 45 d 30 fr I 5 5 S5 SM...

  9. Institute for Software Technology Reverse Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Institute for Software Technology SOMA Reverse Engineering Univ.Prof. Dr. Franz Wotawa Institut Technology Inhalt Was versteht man unter Reverse Engineering? Techniken/Methoden Probleme VU Software Maintenance 3Institute for Software Technology Engineering vs. Reverse Engineering Idee Produkt/ SystemEngineering

  10. Klumme til Politikens Vid&Sans 17/12-2006 Hvad skal vi med rumforskning?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andersen, Anja C.

    . Spørgsmålet er reelt nok, for ingen kan vel være uenig i, at bekæmpelse af sult og sygdomme i verden bør have at forbedre alles dagligdag på Jorden. Når det nu tilsyneladende er sådan en god ide, kan det undre, at ingen

  11. Hoofdstuk 8 Priemtesten en priemontbinding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beukers, Frits

    een computerprogramma of algoritme te meten. Het idee is grofweg dat we het programma een vraag algoritme doet over de verwerking van de invoer. Neem bijvoorbeeld het euclidisch algoritme toegepast op- graaf 3.4 hadden we gezien dat het Euclidisch algoritme c log10 N stappen nodig heeft voor zekere c > 0

  12. Texas Food may be foun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selling H When you a 1) Texa follo 2) FDA 3) FDA 4) Loca 5) Hom Texas Food You may Food Facilit Food Labeli al Health Dep meowner or d Manufactu will need a nd at the fol ide column y The room us (also known Warehousin Your firm ob nt to becom he Foods hom click on sec ring facility a n

  13. Volume 98. number 5 CHEMICAL PHYSICS LEmERS 8July 1983 TWO-PHOTON DISSOCIATION OF VIBRATIONALLY EXCITED H;_

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chu, Shih-I

    -vibrational energy and the inhomogeneous differential equation approaches - for numerical computation of multiphoton xlfred P Sloan Foundation Fellow. =* Visiting Professor. Permanent address: Mathematics Depart- ment of Dalgamo and Lewis [lo] for numerical evaluation of the infinite sum over inter- mediate states. The IDE

  14. DOI 10.1007/s11081-013-9226-6 A mixed-integer nonlinear program for the optimal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the system include lead-acid batteries, photovoltaic cells, solid ox- ide fuel cells, heat exchangers integer restrictions, and modeling the variable electric efficiency of the fuel cells and the variable power using non-renewable technologies such as reciprocating engines, microturbines, and fuel cells

  15. Volume 15, number 1 February 2010 markets products analysis research Forecasts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    projects have been identified, with the bulk being cogeneration, wood pellets and cellulosic ethanol. · u to the historical raw material supply for the pulp and paper/composite panelboard industries. t Wood Pellet markets/trends growth of the global Wood Pellet industry ...continued What's InsIde global prIce trends analysis 1 Wood

  16. Fine-Grained Word Sense Disambiguation Based on Parallel Corpora, Word Alignment, Word Clustering and Aligned Wordnets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ide, Nancy

    Fine-Grained Word Sense Disambiguation Based on Parallel Corpora, Word Alignment, Word Clustering 12604-0520 USA ide@cs.vassar.edu Abstract The paper presents a method for word sense disambiguation based on parallel corpora. The method exploits recent advances in word alignment and word clustering

  17. 3.5 hour Drawing Machines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - Powerpoint/handouts o Intro to programming / Arduino o Intro to electronics o How LEDs work o Connections to Arduino (proto-boards, digital outputs, etc. ) - Activity: o Wire up external LED to Arduino o Upload and run Blink (Arduino IDE

  18. A Hardware Backend for SUIF C. Scott Ananian

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ananian, C. Scott

    Silicon C: A Hardware Backend for SUIF C. Scott Ananian High-level languages have much to offer on the high-level tasks the machine is incapable of? In addition, a successful hardware compiler for a high-level language allows for more flexible hardware-software co-design and simulation. Ide- ally, a single high

  19. A Hardware Backend for SUIF C. Scott Ananian

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ananian, C. Scott

    Silicon C: A Hardware Backend for SUIF C. Scott Ananian May, 1998 High­level languages have much to work on the high­level tasks the machine is incapable of? In addition, a successful hardware compiler for a high­level language allows for more flexible hardware­software co­design and simulation. Ide­ ally

  20. Image analysis is a useful tool in many fields and sciences. It can be used for a variety of things such as detecting movement, counting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, Jeffrey G.

    Inventor App Inventor Java Bridge The App Inventor is a browser-based Android development environment Inventor components into actual Java code (the Eclipse IDE was used for Java programming). The App Inventor); the Java Bridge provides an intermediary between the App Inventor environment and regular Android SDK

  1. A World Wide Web Without Walls Maxwell Krohn, Alex Yip, Micah Brodsky, Robert Morris, and Michael Walfish (MIT CSAIL)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for users. Third, users cannot choose what Web applications actually do with their data: the much of the data consents. For example, users should be 1Facebook applications and "mashups" are steps in the right application anew (e.g., Flickr shouldn't expose what a user hides on Facebook). Ide- ally, a user could

  2. A World Wide Web Without Walls Maxwell Krohn, Alex Yip, Micah Brodsky, Robert Morris, and Michael Walfish (MIT CSAIL)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of choices for users. Third, users cannot choose what Web applications actually do with their data: the much existing data easily, if the owner of the data consents. For example, users should be 1 Facebook a user hides on Facebook). Ide­ ally, a user could express her policies once, trust only one module

  3. Enhanced Sintering of Yttrium-Doped Barium Zirconate by Addition of ZnO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haile, Sossina M.

    þ CeO2 (1) This reactivity causes severe degradation of the electrolyte and precludes applications properties of doped barium zirconate have been examined. With the use of zinc ox- ide as a sintering aid, BaZr of the alkaline earth perovskite family,15,17 it has been more recently recognized that doped BaZrO3, in fact

  4. Using electromagnetic sensors (magnetometers and dielectrometers) to detect corrosion beneath and moisture within paint coatings on aircraft

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goldfine, N.; Greig, N.A.

    1994-12-31

    Current nondestructive inspection (NDI) techniques, such as visual inspection, ultrasonic testing, and eddy current testing, do not adequately detect the early stages of hidden corrosion under paint in critical structures such as airframes. This paper proposes a sensor system that uses meandering winding magnetometers (MWMs) and interdigital electrode dielectrometers (IDEDs) to detect hidden corrosion under paint and to measure the depth of moisture within barrier paint coatings. The MWM uses magnetic fields and inductive coupling to measure profiles of the properties of conducting media (such as the reduced conductivity near a metal surface caused by an oxygen diffusion layer resulting from early-stage corrosion). The IDED uses electric fields and capacitive coupling to measure the properties of multiple-layered insulating media, such as paint or the metal oxides formed during corrosion. MWM and IDED sensor designs permit Cartesian coordinate modal continuum modeling, which takes advantage of sensor geometries to provide more precise response predictions than are generally possible with conventional eddy current probes. Data are presented to describe the limitations of current NDI techniques, address the need for a new type of corrosion-detection system and discuss the underlying theory and potential of using MWMs and IDEDs to detect corrosion.

  5. The effectiveness of simulated robots for supporting the learning of introductory programming: A multi-case case study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Major, L.; Kyriacou, T.; Brereton, P.

    2014-09-30

    software, informed design decisions taken (Beale & Sharples, 2002; ANSI, 2001; Squires & Preece, 1999). The BlueJ Integrated Development Environment (IDE)2 is used with Kebot. When Kebot is loaded a user’s code is placed in one of five robot classes...

  6. Correlation of globe thermometer response and a YSI radiometer response 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franknecht, Robert Howard

    1979-01-01

    velocity, and r adiont hect . Gec oi-. d, &as very ca=, . o calculo+e ucin;-; the aforemer+io-iod formulae. Third, moasurei?ents we- o simolified as there was no need to m asur e air velocity, since its eff'ect was incl'ided in the 0 and the &l...

  7. Automated Decomposition of Build Targets Mohsen Vakilian, Raluca Sauciuc, J. David Morgenthaler, Vahab Mirrokni

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    , several systems other than the build system, e.g., Integrated Development Environ- ments (IDEs) and CI [11Automated Decomposition of Build Targets Mohsen Vakilian, Raluca Sauciuc, J. David Morgenthaler, the industry has adopted Continuous Integration (CI) [11]. For each code change, a CI system first invokes

  8. Babies Touch, Taste, and Learn: A Guide for Parents. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anonymous,

    1979-01-01

    TOoe . ZTA245 07 8873 , ~O.I2."~ ) B - 1269 -~abies Touch, .. Taste, and Learn 0') A Gu ide for Parents TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICE Daniel C. Pfannstiel, Director, College Station, Texas A baby learns from...

  9. Evaluation of a Novel Xylanase and Algal Beta-Glucan on Broiler Performance, Energy Digestibility, and Immune Status 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pieniazek, Jake Stephen

    2014-12-12

    /MT increased (p<0.05) Newcastle Disease specific antibody titers. Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of xylanase in diets containing wheat and DDGS at 30 and 15%, respectively, when pelleted at 82 and 92°C, on performance and IDE...

  10. have risen by about 15 percent. These increases, which tend to remain in the atmo-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the beginning of the industrial revolution, atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide have increased 34, industrial production, and mining also contribute a significant share of emis- sions. In 2000, the United like carbon diox- ide, in the atmosphere since pre-industrial times, have been well documented. Since

  11. Clean air amendments put big burden on refinery planners

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scherr, R.C.; Smalley, G.A. Jr.; Norman, M.E. )

    1991-06-10

    The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 will not only require the production of reformulated gasoline but also have significant impact on other refinery-related construction. This must be considered when developing sound planning strategy. The three titles of the Clean Air Act Amendments that will have the greatest effect on refining are: Title I: Nonattainment; Title III: Air toxics; Title V: Permitting. To understand the ramifications of these amendments, it is necessary to review the interactions of new requirements with the permitting and construction schedule shown.

  12. Areas Participating in the Oxygenated Gasoline Program (Released in the STEO July 1999)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    1999-01-01

    Section 211(m) of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7401-7671q) requires that gasoline containing at least 2.7% oxygen by weight is to be used in the wintertime in those areas of the county that exceed the carbon monoxide National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS). The winter oxygenated gasoline program applies to all gasoline sold in the larger of the Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area (CMSA) or Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) in which the nonattainment area is located.

  13. Estimation of Annual Reductions of NOx Emissions in ERCOT for the HB3693 Electricity Savings Goals 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diem, Art; Mulholland, Denise; Yarbrough, James; Baltazar, Juan Carlos; Im, Piljae; Haberl, Jeff

    2008-01-01

    reductions are small compared to the total emission reductions needed to bring the state?s non-attainment areas into attainment of the national ambient air quality standards for ozone, they can be a part of an overall strategy to reduce emissions.... In this step, plants that have a capacity factor of 0.8 or greater are considered to be baseload units and none of their generation would be affected by energy efficiency measures. In addition, plants that have a capacity factor of 0.2 or less are considered...

  14. Engineering peptides to promote stabilizing interactions in the solid state

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinha, Sandipan; Thompson, S.; Camarda, K.; Topp, E.

    2006-10-25

    py rro lid on e ( PV P) an d pe pt ide ty ro sin e r es id ue s c an st ab iliz e p ep tid es ag ain st de am id ati on in th e s oli d sta te2 . U nf or tu na tel y, un de sir ab le co va len t r ea cti on s w ere al so ob se rv ed 3... la bil e (A sn ), an d th e po ssi bil ity o f inc lu di ng m ult ipl e sta bil izi ng r es id ue s. W e hy po th es ize t ha t no n- co va len t int era cti on s be tw ee n pe pt ide s a nd PV P i n s olu tio n m ay ar ise...

  15. Retinoblastoma protein co-purifies with proteasomal insulin-degrading enzyme: Implications for cell proliferation control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Radulescu, Razvan T., E-mail: ratura@gmx.net [Molecular Concepts Research (MCR), Muenster (Germany); Duckworth, William C. [Department of Medicine, Phoenix VA Health Care System, Phoenix, AZ (United States)] [Department of Medicine, Phoenix VA Health Care System, Phoenix, AZ (United States); Levy, Jennifer L. [Research Service, Phoenix VA Health Care System, Phoenix, AZ (United States)] [Research Service, Phoenix VA Health Care System, Phoenix, AZ (United States); Fawcett, Janet, E-mail: janet.fawcett@va.gov [Research Service, Phoenix VA Health Care System, Phoenix, AZ (United States)] [Research Service, Phoenix VA Health Care System, Phoenix, AZ (United States)

    2010-04-30

    Previous investigations on proteasomal preparations containing insulin-degrading enzyme (IDE; EC 3.4.24.56) have invariably yielded a co-purifying protein with a molecular weight of about 110 kDa. We have now found both in MCF-7 breast cancer and HepG2 hepatoma cells that this associated molecule is the retinoblastoma tumor suppressor protein (RB). Interestingly, the amount of RB in this protein complex seemed to be lower in HepG2 vs. MCF-7 cells, indicating a higher (cytoplasmic) protein turnover in the former vs. the latter cells. Moreover, immunofluorescence showed increased nuclear localization of RB in HepG2 vs. MCF-7 cells. Beyond these subtle differences between these distinct tumor cell types, our present study more generally suggests an interplay between RB and IDE within the proteasome that may have important growth-regulatory consequences.

  16. KWIC [KWiCFinder homepage] [WebKWIC homepage] [WebCorp

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sekine, Satoshi

    WEB KWIC WEB WEB KWIC [KWiCFinder homepage] [WebKWIC homepage] [WebCorp homepage] WEB KWIC [ 2003] WEB IDE 32 G KWIC 350G WEB 100 2 cdb 40 KWIC WEB WEB NTCIR Web Retrieval Task 100G 1100 [Eguchi et. al 2002] WEB WEB Yahoo! Japan UNIX GNU Wget WEB html,htm txt robots.txt 3500 1 G G 1 #12;KWIC ( ) 1 40 1TB

  17. Courses: Political Science (POLS) Page 361Sonoma State University 2015-2016 Catalog Political Science (POLS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ravikumar, B.

    ). poLS 201 ideAS And inStitutionS (4) An analysis of the basic political values and their impact considered in relation to major poli- cies and movements, e.g., progressivism, isolationism, the New Deal and Local Government). poLS 292 SoCiAL SCienCe LiBrAry reSeArCH (1) A basic introduction to social science

  18. Neoclassical formulations of optimum population theory 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Glenn Anthony

    1971-01-01

    population concept and concludes wi. th an analysis of its modern-day version. There is widespread belief that this concept msy have originated from the so-called ulawu of secular diminishing returns as formulated by Ricardo and West. However... on the other, would be inadequate. D. P. Mukerji has noted that the development of economic thought contained within itself a motive power for the drive towards the optimum [25, 155]. Rudiments of the ides of optimum population have been detected...

  19. Von MiniJava zur MiniJVM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seidl, Helmut

    Maschinen­Instruktionen können MiniJava­Programme beliebig komplex sein :­( Idee: #15; Gib formale Regeln an #12; Architektur der JVM: Code 1 2 3 0 54 SP 54 Store PC 17 0 1 2 3 17 12 #12; Code = enthält JVM entsprechenden Operationen auf Store aus. Konvention: 14 #12; 54 3 2 1 0 54 1 2 3 0 Store Store = Stack SP 54 15

  20. llO(i SOTES VOl. 5'3 inoliolayer of :~dsorliedmolecules is always fouiid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ON CARBONYL IROK POWDER BYP. L. N'AIKER,JR.,AND F. RUSINKO,JR. Dopa,./nkrril o/ F w l Technolog!/, Tho "HP" gr;ide, \\Y:W obtnincd From the Qeiiernl Aniline n,nd Film Corp. Thfs method of prel. RIcICleven and D. RI. Hood, A.S.T.AI. Bull. h'o. 138, 25 (March 1846). (31) E. B. Bielnk and E. W. J

  1. Environments of deposition and diagenesis of the Jurassic Upper Smackover Formation in the Lincoln Parish area, Louisiana 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palko, Gregory Jonathan

    1980-01-01

    and intraclastic grainstones, argillaceous, dolomitic mudstones to wackestones with nodular anhydrite stringers, and some mas- sive, bioturbated litharenites, graded litharenites, silt- stones and shales. The two shoaling upwards grainstone cycles that were... is present between the cycles i . +he landward core. I+ is a +idal lat microfacies on the lee o. the island ti at develoved during deposition of the "z lime" or lower shoaling cycle. inter-'idee trough or salt withdrawal basin in the southern vast of +he...

  2. Studies on Toxic Substances of Locoweeds, Astragalus earlei and Others. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wender, S. H. (Simon Harold); Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

    1944-01-01

    Alcohol-soluble phosphotungstate, locoed cats-Fig. 1 P-2 Alcohol-insoluble phosphotungstate, soluble in acetone, did not loco cats P Precipitated with silicotungstic acid, from alcohol-soluble phospho- tungstate-Fig. 2, SP Slightly physiologically... of locoism. NBA-Not pre- cipitated with silicotungstic acid, not ben- zoylated, not adsorbed with aluminam ox- ide, locoed cats. 1'2 BULLETIN NO. 650, TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION though not producing many of the typical symptoms of locoism...

  3. Kentucky Department for Natural Resources and Environmental Protection permit application for air contaminant source: SRC-I demonstration plant, Newman, Kentucky. Appendix D. Impact assessment. [Demonstration plant at Newman, KY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    1980-11-21

    In appendix D, the air quality condition for various pollutants in the areas surrounding the proposed demonstration plant site is given with respect to attainment or non-attainment of US EPA regulations. The minimum pollutant emission rates for these regulated and for several other pollutants are given. Then the estimated emission rates from the proposed plant are given for a dozen pollutants which exceed these limits and therefore require an ambient air quality analysis. This involves taking into account the estimated emission of these pollutants from the proposed plant and from other sources in the surrounding area. Finally, background data from the surrounding area including meteorological data and sampling of regulated pollutants are given. (LTN)

  4. A review of NO[sub x] control technologies for stationary sources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Staudt, J.E. (Research-Cottrell Cos., Branchburg, NJ (United States))

    1993-05-01

    Nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions, regulated federally since 1970 under CAA's new source performance standards, are subject to increased regulation under the CAA Amendments. Title 1 of the Amendments, the non-attainment provisions, establishes guidance for controlling numerous pollutants, including VOCs and NOx, both ozone precursors. Under Title 1, states must promulgate reasonably available control technology (RACT) standards, based on EPA guidelines, to make progress toward achieving required air quality standards. Title 1 regulations are expected to be stringent, and all major emissions sources will be subject to regulation. EPA in 1990 estimated that electric utilities account for 60% of stationary-source NOx emissions, while the industrial sector is responsible for 27%. To date, regulations proposed by regional authorities set emissions limits below new source performance standards and the Amendments' Title IV standards.

  5. Assessment of the Potential to Reduce Emissions from Road Transportation, Notably NOx, Through the Use of Alternative Vehicles and Fuels in the Great Smoky Mountains Region

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sheffield, J.

    2001-08-30

    Air pollution is a serious problem in the region of the Great Smoky Mountains. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) may designate non-attainment areas by 2003 for ozone. Pollutants include nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}), sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}), carbon monoxide (CO), volatile organic compounds (VOCs), lead, and particulate matter (PM), which are health hazards, damage the environment, and limit visibility. The main contributors to this pollution are industry, transportation, and utilities. Reductions from all contributors are needed to correct this problem. While improvements are projected in each sector over the next decades, the May 2000 Interim Report issued by the Southern Appalachian Mountains Initiative (SAMI) suggests that the percentage of NO{sub x} emissions from transportation may increase.

  6. In pursuit of clean air: a data book of problems and strategies at the state level. Volume 3: Federal Regions IV and VI

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garvey, D.B.; Streets, D.G.

    1980-02-01

    This is the third volume of a five-volume report, designed to provide useful information for policy analysis in the Department of Energy, especially for the examination of possible areas of conflict between the implementation of a national energy policy calling for the increased use of coal and the pursuit of clean air. Information is presented for each state in Federal Regions IV and VI under the following section headings: state title page (includes a summary of air quality data); revised state implementation plan outline; maps of nonattainment areas, as designated; Storage and Retrieval of Aerometric Data (SAROAD); SAROAD data maps; power plant data; power plant maps; and county maps. States in Federal Region IV include: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee. Those in Federal Region VI include: Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas. (JGB)

  7. Environmental protection and regulatory compliance at the Elk Hills Field

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chappelle, H.H. (BCM Engineers, Inc., Plymouth Meeting, PA (United States)); Donahoe, R.L. (Bechtel Petroleum Operations, Inc., Tupman, CA (United States)); Kato, T.T. (EG and G Energy Measurements, Inc., Las Vegas, NV (United States)); Ordway, H.E. (Chevron U.S.A., Inc., San Francisco, CA (United States))

    1991-01-01

    Environmental protection has played an integral role in the development and operation of the Elk Hills field since production at the maximum efficient rate was authorized in 1976. The field is located in a non-attainment area for California and National Ambient Air Quality Standards for two criteria pollutants and their associated precursors, is home to four endangered species, and operates within the California regulatory framework. Environmental protection and regulatory compliance is a multi-faceted program carried out through a substantial commitment of resources and workforce involvement. This paper describes the actions taken and resources employed to protect the environment, specific technologies and projects implement, and the ongoing nature of these efforts at Elk Hills.

  8. Environmental protection and regulatory compliance at the Elk Hills Field

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chappelle, H.H. [BCM Engineers, Inc., Plymouth Meeting, PA (United States); Donahoe, R.L. [Bechtel Petroleum Operations, Inc., Tupman, CA (United States); Kato, T.T. [EG and G Energy Measurements, Inc., Las Vegas, NV (United States); Ordway, H.E. [Chevron U.S.A., Inc., San Francisco, CA (United States)

    1991-12-31

    Environmental protection has played an integral role in the development and operation of the Elk Hills field since production at the maximum efficient rate was authorized in 1976. The field is located in a non-attainment area for California and National Ambient Air Quality Standards for two criteria pollutants and their associated precursors, is home to four endangered species, and operates within the California regulatory framework. Environmental protection and regulatory compliance is a multi-faceted program carried out through a substantial commitment of resources and workforce involvement. This paper describes the actions taken and resources employed to protect the environment, specific technologies and projects implement, and the ongoing nature of these efforts at Elk Hills.

  9. Antigenic analysis of the genus Aeromonas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rao, Vijaya Balusu

    1972-01-01

    . foa d th ide tical '0' antigen in a C27 strain of Ferguson and Henderson and in Pseudomonas ~shi elloides (21). In 1959 Saks aki et al. suggest d th epithet ~sh( lloid s as ot ppropriate for the reason that ot all st aine of this group were related... that their strains of Prot us elanovorlenes (A. ~h dro bile) caused de th in mice and Guinea pigs within 24 hours by intraperitonial injection. Acute septicemia was observed in these animals. Culture filtrates were toxic to mice. These authors first isolated...

  10. History, Development, and Modern Applications of the Cyanide Process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cone, Victor M.

    1906-06-01

    of these metals are for­ med in an ore containing limestone or clay, double decomposition occurs with the production of sulphate of lime or alluminum, and ox­ ides or carbonates of the heavy metals, which are dissolved in the cyanide, thus: ZnSOytCaC03=ZnC05t... be removed by leaching with water, and then a solution of caus­ tic soda or lime is run in on the ore, and after standing some time is drained off and followed bv the cyanide solution. The insoluble basic salts are thus converted into ferric hydrate...

  11. Suggestions for the Better Care of Texas Peach Orchards. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lanham, W. B.

    1915-01-01

    important factors in peach growing in Texas. Occasion- ally a good crop may be secured without proper cultivation, but to insure regular crops of good fruit the tree must have the food to make peaches. A tree may be compared to a m~nu­ tacturing plant...-kill, but they are especially susceptible to attacks ot insects and diseaset'!o The borer will attack a diseased or poorly nourished tree in preference to one that hI making a vigorous growth. Moreover, lack of culture allows weeds to grow and provIde hal'- bOTS for insects. A...

  12. Social Thought and Research, Volume 28 (2007): Front Matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01

    Studying america’s underground Prepared by Brittany hanstad and islinn addington .......... 3 Interview with Kathleen Blee Prepared by Stephanie Decker ............................................ 23 INVITED 2006 C ARROLL D. CLARK LECTURER... as a double entrendre in that the expression lends itself to more than one interpretation within the framework of this volume. in the context of Kathleen Blee’s work, social movements is use d to rep r e s e n t the mor e com m o n , ide o l o g i...

  13. Studies of the absorption and metabolism of aminotriazole-C14 and cyanamide-C14 in plants 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Charles Standish

    1959-01-01

    formation of new chloroplasts was inhibited be? cause of lowered activity of the catalase. 10 A colorimetric method for the determination of amino? triazole in soils was devised by Sund (37) who used a sodium nitroprusside reagent. A Bratton...). The remainder is inert material. Cyanamide is sometimes referred to as acid cyana- ide or free cyanamide. Calcium cyanamide was patented in 1910 by Dr. Albert R. Frank for use as a fertilizer (27). It was used in Germ? any before 1913 to kill mustard weeds...

  14. The effects of phosphorous donor ligand substitution on the reactivity of anionic group 6 transition metal carbonyl hydrides 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lusk, Richard Jay

    1986-01-01

    in THP, followed by protonation with methanol, gave rise to a new group of chromium and tungsten hydrides, 7 HM(CO) P . The importance of the P-substituted hydr ides is enhanced 4 reactivity as well as the possibility of selective hydride transfer... reduction products were thus benzyl alcohol and octane. Initial GC runs were undertaken using THF solutions of benzyl alcohol of three different concentrations, corresponding to yields of 25, 100, and 150$. Each of the three also contained an equivalent...

  15. Ultrasonic Rayleigh wave inspection of unit train rotary couplers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salkowski, Charles Leo

    1988-01-01

    procedure. REFEREiVCES Sutlitf. D. R. , Coulborn. J. W. . and Billingsley. R. H. . Jr. . "Western I. nit Coal Train Load Environinent ? A Coniparison ot' Longitudinal Load Spectra. v in Joint ASME/IEEE Raihoad Conference. Paper No. 8J-RT-IO, Neiv York... Idee\\ D ecahl he Iae Figure 8 - Magnetic particle inspection. 11 Coupler cracks may also be detected through the use of dye penetrants and x-rays. During a penetrant. inspection, penetrant solution is applied to the coupler surface and is drawn...

  16. Nothing is Constant But Change 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, R. L.

    1984-01-01

    of media. The media binder has an inherent sta ic charge and, as the air moves thru the med a, this charge increases, thus improving fil trat on efficiency. In the past, traditional design of new buildings was to provide two CFM per sq. t. evenly... oil mist is not a problem. For the chine floor, where oil mist and smoke are contaminants of concern. 24 units are equip wi th a rotary drum fil ter Iklich prov ide or removal of 70-80% of the entrained oil mist. The 252 supply fans rated at 10...

  17. Fourteen Points for Energy Conservation in Lighting 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zekowski, G.

    1979-01-01

    are the approximate lumen output of various lamp types: Incandescent - 17 lumens per watt; mer cury-vapor - 55 lumens per watt; fluorescent - 65 lumens per watt; metal hal ide - 95 lumens per watt; and hi pressure sodium - 120 lumens per watt. As an example, using... a low 4?/Kw, ten hours per day, you can save: $10 per year using 1-32 watt fluorescent rather than 2-60 watt incandescents. Or $33 per year by using 1-40 watt fluorescent rather than 4-60 watt incandescents. Or $33 per year using 1-175 watt mercury...

  18. Brochure, A Basic Overview of the Integrated Safety Management (ISM) |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p a l De pEnergy Industrialofof Energy briefingIde -

  19. Brochure, Classification Bulletin GEN-16 - February 2012 | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p a l De pEnergy Industrialofof Energy briefingIde -Energy

  20. Brochure, Classification Overview of RD and FRD - September 2010 |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p a l De pEnergy Industrialofof Energy briefingIde

  1. Brochure, Training and Outreach Materials for RD and FRD - October 2007 |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p a l De pEnergy Industrialofof Energy briefingIdeDepartment of

  2. Brochure, Understanding Official Use Only - June 2011 | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p a l De pEnergy Industrialofof Energy briefingIdeDepartment

  3. TEXT ACCOMPANYING GMS46

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnicalInformation FederatedInformation What'sfunction (Journal(TechnicalC A L IDE87

  4. A magnified glance into the dark sector: probing cosmological models with strong lensing in A1689

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magaña, Juan; Cardenas, Victor H; Verdugo, T; Jullo, Eric

    2015-01-01

    In this paper we constrain four alternative models to the late cosmic acceleration in the Universe: Chevallier-Polarski-Linder (CPL), interacting dark energy (IDE), Ricci holographic dark energy (HDE), and modified polytropic Cardassian (MPC). Strong lensing (SL) images of background galaxies produced by the galaxy cluster Abell $1689$ are used to test these models. To perform this analysis we modify the LENSTOOL lens modeling code. The value added by this probe is compared with other complementary probes: Type Ia supernovae (SNIa), baryon acoustic oscillations (BAO), and cosmic microwave background (CMB). We found that the CPL constraints obtained of the SL data are consistent with those estimated using the other probes. The IDE constraints are consistent with the complementary bounds only if large errors in the SL measurements are considered. The Ricci HDE and MPC constraints are weak but they are similar to the BAO, SNIa and CMB estimations. We also compute the figure-of-merit as a tool to quantify the goo...

  5. A refined deflected gradient search program for solving nonlinear maximization problems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Raymond Earl

    1972-01-01

    '!"'6SEI!T STATUS QE SE'"lh'SI" TECH;I[IILiES I5 i3r". ". ' . . b J pr'ob le, ", s . '0 . in I I; hP. I ~ con cinua I ly 5oo!Ping so I 0 Lions . ' ', '. b '': r, oi oi I on, l?rIPr soIOP. 0!"I t'=5'I 3 of goodncs !Io!3erally the object of r ar... ) T ! 1 a is e act ly i'be salrle as (1!1) . F1etcher anoI I'or;, all f6] piesent an 1ri!uct1!re prooi tbat 'lie vcr. toes '. X. are 1! iiear1y 1:Ide;&erident eIaervectors of II g ', ll c;:rr r-c; o. II!e ! !1 . c'er! era, ''ierII 'e " ', iree '', e...

  6. Lower Cost Energy Options 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maze, M. E.

    1987-01-01

    , wh1ch means g01ng from 13.000 volts up to 39.000 volts and buy1ng the transformers, we can save nearly $180,000. The other th1ng I p01nted out before was the power factor penalty. By addIng capac1tors and ra1s1ng our power factor from 84% to 95...'s not as wIdely used, but revlta11zatlon rates are avaIlable. The last area 1s cogeneratIon. ThIs can be one of two thIngs. It can be an attractIve buy-back rate or av01ded cost rate, for cogenerated electrIcIty or 1t can be a r1der or rate where they w...

  7. Biology and chemical control of the spotted alfalfa aphid 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Downing, Douglas Holland

    1959-01-01

    Iy fxILAS R. . 1009% E. , 4 4, %ecto ', Cika4ttwk ee ehe Caadaate:!eho'o1 og kyrioelt~al?amoI. Noehagaal Collemo ef ~ 4a yaieial telftUjooat:et::ihe geiyat~eo Coo ~ deja''-et , . Of IC Qglt "I P Jaaoaof, , LWA 8, 1 I, h' . I '~ h I I... ther 1 . wyetted a~a~a aphid inl the 5gyii4 stataw. 'otww . 4$twe mm)ow&4;. , :, :, -, ':: inj. . . H~ tgygico deci~ Faba%mFg. 1954d %% ayhid nay a , ' oni4y. i4antiCia4: aa. th? 'tyalloa jalousie aybid, ", ' Xn CaNfocoia , :" -: ' diu'ides Hays...

  8. Hyperspectral image reconstruction for x-ray fluorescence tomography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gürsoy, Do?a; Biçer, Tekin; Lanzirotti, Antonio; Newville, Matthew G.; De Carlo, Francesco

    2015-01-01

    A penalized maximum-likelihood estimation is proposed to perform hyperspectral (spatio-spectral) image reconstruction for X-ray fluorescence tomography. The approach minimizes a Poisson-based negative log-likelihood of the observed photon counts, and uses a penalty term that has the effect of encouraging local continuity of model parameter estimates in both spatial and spectral dimensions simultaneously. The performance of the reconstruction method is demonstrated with experimental data acquired from a seed of arabidopsis thaliana collected at the 13-ID-E microprobe beamline at the Advanced Photon Source. The resulting element distribution estimates with the proposed approach show significantly better reconstruction quality than the conventional analytical inversion approaches, and allows for a high data compression factor which can reduce data acquisition times remarkably. In particular, this technique provides the capability to tomographically reconstruct full energy dispersive spectra without compromising reconstruction artifacts that impact the interpretation of results.

  9. Functional transcriptomic analysis of the role of MAB-5/Hox in Q neuroblast migration in Caenorhabditis elegans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tamayo, Joel V.; Macdonald, Stuart J.; Lundquist, Erik A.

    2013-05-04

    Nitrophenylphosphatase Down in mab-5(lof) ZC443.6/ugt-16 0 0 0 22 78 UDP Glucuronosyltransferase W10G11.1 0 0 1 18 81 Secreted cys-rich DUF19 F48C1.8 0 0 0 19 81 Secreted, conserved ChIP seq targets T23G4.2 0 0 0 38 62 Unsimilar cytoplasmic T24D1.4/tag-179 0 0 0 33 67... of the worm and divides to give rise to the PVM, SDQL, and PQR neurons [6-8]. These QL descendants continue to mi- grate posteriorly, with PQR migrating the farthest to res- ide in the tail of the worm behind the anus (Figure 1A, B, and C Figure 2A). QR...

  10. Hyperspectral image reconstruction for x-ray fluorescence tomography

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Gürsoy, Do?a; Biçer, Tekin; Lanzirotti, Antonio; Newville, Matthew G.; De Carlo, Francesco

    2015-01-01

    A penalized maximum-likelihood estimation is proposed to perform hyperspectral (spatio-spectral) image reconstruction for X-ray fluorescence tomography. The approach minimizes a Poisson-based negative log-likelihood of the observed photon counts, and uses a penalty term that has the effect of encouraging local continuity of model parameter estimates in both spatial and spectral dimensions simultaneously. The performance of the reconstruction method is demonstrated with experimental data acquired from a seed of arabidopsis thaliana collected at the 13-ID-E microprobe beamline at the Advanced Photon Source. The resulting element distribution estimates with the proposed approach show significantly better reconstruction quality than the conventional analytical inversionmore »approaches, and allows for a high data compression factor which can reduce data acquisition times remarkably. In particular, this technique provides the capability to tomographically reconstruct full energy dispersive spectra without compromising reconstruction artifacts that impact the interpretation of results.« less

  11. The systematics and distribution of Enoploteuthidae and Cranchiidae (Cephalopoda: Oegopsida) from the Gulf of Mexico 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lipka, Douglas Arthur

    1970-01-01

    1970 AIISTI]ACT The Systematics and Di strih&ii ]o? nl I. ?op]o1&?t'?idee and Cranchiidae (Cepha] npnda ' . Dr g?ps I &la ) from the Gulf of M&xi. &o. (May 1&170) Douglas A. Lipka, B. A. , Aux& in Col. i&go Directed by: Dr. . 1, ?o 13?r?er, Jr... within the Gulf of Mexico are &lisc?ssed. AOKNOWI, riIOFNSN rS A special expression of grat i tude i s axtan&le&i to Dr, Leo Berner, Jr, for hi s guidance in my course of a(ndy and his constructive criticism an&1 advi. ce during the de- velopment...

  12. A History of Manufactures in the Kansas Fuel District

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Douglas, Richard L.

    1910-06-01

    a s s i n g at tent ion to manufac tures , and t h e r e s t confine their a t tent ion to t h e political s ide of the h i s t o r y . 3 N O T E 1 (Author 's note) .—This out l ine of t h e deve lopment of m a n u f a c t u r i n g in t h e midcon... O U N T R Y . As the later development of the subjec t in the fol lowing chapters will show, the growth of industry from the first beg innings of manufactures has followed with fair consistency the deve lopment of t h e natural resources...

  13. Short time proton dynamics in bulk ice and in porous anode solid oxide fuel cell materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Basoli, Francesco; Senesi, Roberto; Kolesnikov, Alexander I; Licoccia, Silvia

    2014-01-01

    Oxygen reduction and incorporation into solid electrolytes and the reverse reaction of oxygen evolution play a cru-cial role in Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) applications. However a detailed un derstanding of the kinetics of the cor-responding reactions, i.e. on reaction mechanisms, rate limiting steps, reaction paths, electrocatalytic role of materials, is still missing. These include a thorough characterization of the binding potentials experienced by protons in the lattice. We report results of Inelastic Neutron Scattering (INS) measurements of the vibrational state of the protons in Ni- YSZ highly porous composites (75% to 90% ), a ceramic-metal material showing a high electrical conductivity and ther mal stability, which is known to be most effectively used as anodes for solid ox ide fuel cells. The results are compared with INS and Deep Inelastic Neutron Scattering (DINS) experiments on the proton binding states in bulk ice.

  14. Deep Near-Infrared Observations and Identifications of Chandra Sources in the Orion Molecular Cloud 2 and 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Tsujimoto; K. Koyama; N. Kobayashi; M. Goto; Y. Tsuboi; A. T. Tokunaga

    2002-11-24

    We conducted deep NIR imaging observations of the Orion molecular cloud 2 and 3 using QUIRC on the 88-inch telescope of the University of Hawaii. Our purposes are 1) to generate a comprehensive NIR source catalog of these star forming clouds, and 2) to identify the NIR counterpart of the Chandra X-ray sources that have no counterpart in the 2MASS catalog. Our J-, H-, and K-band observations are about 2 mag deeper than those of 2MASS, and well match the current Chandra observation. We detected 1448 NIR sources, for which we derived the position, the J-, H-, and K-band magnitude, and the 2MASS counterpart. Using this catalog, we identified the NIR counterpart for about 42% of the 2MASS-unIDed Chandra sources. The nature of these Chandra sources are discussed using their NIR colors and spatial distributions, and a dozen protostar and brown dwarf candidates are identified.

  15. Emission factors for leaks in refinery components in heavy liquid service

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taback, H.; Godec, M.

    1996-12-31

    The objective of this program was to provide sufficient screening data so that EPA can develop an official set of emission factors (expressed in lb/hr/component) for refinery components (valves, flanged connectors, non-flanged connectors, pumps, open-ended lines, and other) in heavy liquid (BL) service. To accomplish this, 211,000 existing HL screening values from Southern California refineries were compiled and compared with 2,500 new HL screening measurements taken at two refineries in the state of Washington. Since Southern California is an area in extreme non-attainment of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) and therefore has tight emission control regulations, it was felt that its screening data may not be representative of refineries without tight emission controls. Thus, the Southern California screening data were compared to screening measurements at refineries in an area that is in attainment of the NAAQS and without emissions control, which is the case for those refineries in Washington. It was found that statistically there was no significant difference in emission factors between the two areas and, therefore, there appears to be no difference in emissions from heavy liquid components in areas with and without leak detection and repair (LDAR) programs. The new emission factors range from 1/7 to 1/3 times the current EPA emission factors. This program was sponsored by the American Petroleum Institute (API) and an API report will soon be released providing complete details.

  16. Full body powder antichip. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-04-17

    Chipping is the major paint defect listed for automobile customer dissatisfaction. The improved chip resistance and smoother paint surfaces produced by full body powder antichip will result in greater customer satisfaction and greater demand for US-produced automobiles. Powder antichip contains virtually no solvent, thereby reducing the potential VOC emissions from Newark Assembly by more than 90 tons per year as compared to the solvent-borne material presently applied in most full body applications. Since Newark Assembly Plant is in a severe non-attainment air quality area, which must demonstrate a 15% reduction in emissions by 1996, projects such as this are crucial to the longevity of industry in this region. The liquid paint spray systems include incineration of the oven volatile organic compounds (VOC`s) at 1,500 F. Since there are minimal VOC`s in powder coatings and the only possible releases occur only during polymerization, incineration is not required. The associated annual savings resulting from the elimination of the incinerator utilized on the liquid spray system is 1.44 {times} 10{sup 10} BTU`s per unit installed. The annual cost savings is approximately $388 thousand, far below the original estimates.

  17. Emissions trading programs, making sense of the options

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fahrer, S.

    1996-03-01

    In an attempt to move away from the traditional command-and-control approach to regulation, the US Environmental Protection Agency has begun to develop economic incentive programs. These programs encourage compliance with nationwide pollution-reduction goals, but seek industry action based on market or profit incentives, rather than fear of retribution or penalty. The 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) require that stringent means be taken to reduce NOx pollution in so-called ozone-nonattainment areas. Under CAAA Title IV, the SO{sub 2} trading program went into effect in 1993 to reduce acid rain. For NO{sub x}, several programs are either already in operation, or are under development. These include the Cap and Trade program, the Open Market trading program and New Source Review Offset Trading program. These 3 programs are described. To obtain a Title V operating permit, issues to consider are operation, job descriptions, certification process, value, estimating future emissions, confidentiality, permits, inter-media coordination, costs, and publicity.

  18. MOBILE4. 1: Highway-vehicle mobile-source emission-factor model (Apple MacIntosh version) (for microcomputers). Model-Simulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-01

    MOBILE4.1 is the latest revision to EPA's highway vehicle mobile source emission factor model. Relative to MOBILE4, it contains numerous revisions and provides the user with additional options for modeling highway vehicle emission factors. it will calculate emission factors for hydrocarbons (HC), carbon monoxide, (CO), and oxides of nitrogen (NOx) from highway motor vehicles. It calculates emission factors for eight individual vehicle types, in two regions of the country (low and high altitude). The emission factors depend on various conditions such as ambient temperature, fuel volatility, speed, and mileage accrual rates. It will estimate emission factors for any calendar year between 1960 and 2020 inclusive. The 25 most recent model years are considered in operation in each calendar year. EPA is requiring that states and others preparing emission inventories for nonattainment areas for CO and ozone to use MOBILE4.1 in the development of the base year 1990 emission inventories required under the Clean Air Act of 1990.

  19. ZERO EMISSION POWER GENERATION TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ronald Bischoff; Stephen Doyle

    2005-01-20

    Clean Energy Systems (CES) was previously funded by DOE's ''Vision 21'' program. This program provided a proof-of-concept demonstration that CES' novel gas generator (combustor) enabled production of electrical power from fossil fuels without pollution. CES has used current DOE funding for additional design study exercises which established the utility of the CES-cycle for retrofitting existing power plants for zero-emission operations and for incorporation in zero-emission, ''green field'' power plant concepts. DOE funding also helped define the suitability of existing steam turbine designs for use in the CES-cycle and explored the use of aero-derivative turbines for advanced power plant designs. This work is of interest to the California Energy Commission (CEC) and the Norwegian Ministry of Petroleum & Energy. California's air quality districts have significant non-attainment areas in which CES technology can help. CEC is currently funding a CES-cycle technology demonstration near Bakersfield, CA. The Norwegian government is supporting conceptual studies for a proposed 40 MW zero-emission power plant in Stavager, Norway which would use the CES-cycle. The latter project is called Zero-Emission Norwegian Gas (ZENG). In summary, current engineering studies: (1) supported engineering design of plant subsystems applicable for use with CES-cycle zero-emission power plants, and (2) documented the suitability and availability of steam turbines for use in CES-cycle power plants, with particular relevance to the Norwegian ZENG Project.

  20. Recycling paint and solvents and reducing use of 1,1,1-trichloroethane

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walpole, D. )

    1993-01-01

    Great Dane Trailers Tennessee, Inc., manufacturers over-the-road platform truck trailers in an Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) non-attainment area in Memphis. Because plant management was concerned about air emissions, it began a waste-reduction program in February 1990. Their goal was to identify process changes and alternative coatings to reduce both solvent vapor emissions and paint-related RCRA hazardous wastes. Great Dane, working with the University of Tennessee's Center for Industrial Services, implemented waste-reduction measures that recycled 100% of the paint-related wastes previously shipped offsite for disposal, and eliminated 100% of the total hazardous waste. These measures reduced emissions of 1,1,1-trichloroethane by 93.6%. They also replaced purchased undercoating with an undercoating blended from recycled paint sludge residue. These innovations saved the Memphis plant more than $135,000 in 1991. Because Great Dane now generates virtually no hazardous waste, it went from a large-quantity generator to a conditionally exempt small-quantity generator. In recognition of Great Dane's contribution to the environment, Governor Ned McWherter awarded Great Dane the 1990 Tennessee Governor's Award for Excellence in Hazardous Waste Management.

  1. Implementation of the Clean Air Act, Title V operating permit program requirements for the U.S. DOE Oak Ridge Reservation facilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Humphreys, M.P. [Dept. of Energy Oak Ridge Operations Office, TN (United States). Environmental Protection Div.

    1998-12-31

    Title V of the Clean Air Act (CAA) establishes a new permit program requiring major sources and sources subject to Title III (Hazardous Air Pollutants) to obtain a state operating permit. Historically, most states have issued operating permits for individual emission units. Under the Title V permit program, a single permit will be issued for all of the emission units at the facility much like the current National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit program. The permit will specify all reporting, monitoring, and record-keeping requirements for the facility. Sources required to obtain permits include (a) major sources that emit 100 tons per year or more of any criteria air contaminant, (b) any source subject to the HAP provisions of Title III, (c) any source subject to the acid rain provisions of Title IV, (d) any source subject to New Source Performance Standards, and (e) any source subject to new source review under the nonattainment or Prevention of Significant Deterioration provisions. The State of Tennessee Title V Operating Permit Program was approved by EPA on August 28, 1996. This paper will provide details of initiatives underway at US Department of Energy (DOE) Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) Facilities for implementation of requirements under the Title V Operating Permit Program. The ORR encompasses three DOE Facilities: the Y-12 Plant, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), and the East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP). The Y-12 Plant manufactures component parts for the national nuclear weapons program; the ORNL is responsible for research and development activities including nuclear engineering, engineering technologies, and the environmental sciences; and the ETTP conducts a variety of research and development activities and is the home of a mixed waste incinerator. Each of the three DOE Facilities is considered a major source under Title V of the CAA.

  2. Top-down estimate of anthropogenic emission inventories and their interannual variability in Houston using a mesoscale inverse modeling technique

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brioude, J.; Kim, S. W.; Angevine, Wayne M.; Frost, G. J.; Lee, S. H.; McKeen, S. A.; Trainer, Michael; Fehsenfeld, Fred C.; Holloway, J. S.; Ryerson, T. B.; Williams, E. J.; Petron, Gabrielle; Fast, Jerome D.

    2011-10-31

    The 2000 and 2006 Texas Air Quality Study (TexAQS 2000 and 2006) field campaigns took place in eastern Texas in August-October of 2000 and 2006. Several flights of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) research aircraft were dedicated to characterizing anthropogenic emissions over Houston. Houston is known for having serious problems with non-attainment of air quality standards. We present a method that uses three models and aircraft observations to assess and improve existing emission inventories using an inverse modeling technique. We used 3-dimensional and 4-dimensional variational (3D-VAR and 4D-VAR) inverse modeling techniques based on a least-squares method to improve the spatial and temporal distribution of CO, NOy (sum of all reactive nitrogen compounds), and SO2 emissions predicted by the 4-km-resolution U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) National Emission Inventory (NEI) for 2005. Differences between the prior and posterior inventories are discussed in detail. We found that in 2006 the prior daytime emissions in the urban area of Houston have to be reduced by 40% {+-} 12% for CO and 7% {+-} 13% for NOy. Over the Houston Ship Channel, where industrial emissions are predominant, the prior emissions have to be reduced by 41% {+-} 15% for CO and 51% {+-} 9% for NOy. Major ports around Houston have their NOy emissions reduced as well, probably due to uncertainties in near-shore ship emissions in the EPA NEI inventory. Using the measurements from the two field campaigns, we assessed the interannual emission variability between 2000 and 2006. Daytime CO emissions from the Houston urban area have been reduced by 8% {+-} 20%, while the NOy emissions have increased by 20% {+-} 12% from 2000 to 2006. In the Houston Ship Channel, the daytime NOy emissions have increased by 13% {+-} 17%. Our results show qualitative consistencies with known changes in Houston emissions sources.

  3. 2013 R&D 100 Award: Movie-mode electron microscope captures nanoscale

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Lagrange, Thomas; Reed, Bryan

    2014-07-21

    A new instrument developed by LLNL scientists and engineers, the Movie Mode Dynamic Transmission Electron Microscope (MM-DTEM), captures billionth-of-a-meter-scale images with frame rates more than 100,000 times faster than those of conventional techniques. The work was done in collaboration with a Pleasanton-based company, Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions (IDES) Inc. Using this revolutionary imaging technique, a range of fundamental and technologically important material and biological processes can be captured in action, in complete billionth-of-a-meter detail, for the first time. The primary application of MM-DTEM is the direct observation of fast processes, including microstructural changes, phase transformations and chemical reactions, that shape real-world performance of nanostructured materials and potentially biological entities. The instrument could prove especially valuable in the direct observation of macromolecular interactions, such as protein-protein binding and host-pathogen interactions. While an earlier version of the technology, Single Shot-DTEM, could capture a single snapshot of a rapid process, MM-DTEM captures a multiframe movie that reveals complex sequences of events in detail. It is the only existing technology that can capture multiple electron microscopy images in the span of a single microsecond.

  4. Aquatic Ecosystem Enhancement at Mountaintop Mining Sites Symposium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Black, D. Courtney; Lawson, Peter; Morgan, John; Maggard, Randy; Schor, Horst; Powell, Rocky; Kirk, Ed. J.

    2000-01-12

    Welcome to this symposium which is part of the ongoing effort to prepare an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) regarding mountaintop mining and valley fills. The EIS is being prepared by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, U.S. Office of Surface Mining, and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, in cooperation with the State of West Virginia. Aquatic Ecosystem Enhancement (AEE) at mountaintop mining sites is one of fourteen technical areas identified for study by the EIS Interagency Steering Committee. Three goals were identified in the AEE Work Plan: 1. Assess mining and reclamation practices to show how mining operations might be carried out in a way that minimizes adverse impacts to streams and other environmental resources and to local communities. Clarify economic and technical constraints and benefits. 2. Help citizens clarify choices by showing whether there are affordable ways to enhance existing mining, reclamation, mitigation processes and/or procedures. 3. Ide identify data needed to improve environmental evaluation and design of mining projects to protect the environment. Today’s symposium was proposed in the AEE Team Work Plans but coordinated planning for the event began September 15, 1999 when representatives from coal industry, environmental groups and government regulators met in Morgantown. The meeting participants worked with a facilitator from the Canaan Valley Institute to outline plans for the symposium. Several teams were formed to carry out the plans we outlined in the meeting.

  5. Photochemical reactions of metal nitrosyl complexes. Mechanisms of NO reactions with biologically relevant metal centers

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Ford, Peter C.

    2001-01-01

    The discoveries that nitric oxide (a.k.a. nitrogen monoxide) serves important roles in mammalian bioregulation and immunology have stimulated intense interest in the chemistry and biochemistry of NO and derivatives such as metal nitrosyl complexes. Also of interest are strategies to deliver NO to biological targets on demand. One such strategy would be to employ a precursor which displays relatively low thermal reactivity but is photochemically active to release NO. This proposition led us to investigate laser flash and continuous photolysis kinetics of nitrosyl complexes such as the Roussin's iron-sulfur-nitrosyl cluster anionsFe2S2(NO)42?andmore »alttext='${\\text{Fe}}_{\\text{4}} {\\text{S}}_{\\text{3}} \\left( {{\\text{NO}}} \\right)_7^{ - } $' id='E2'>Fe4S3(NO)7?and several ruthenium salen and porphyrin nitrosyls. These include studies using metal-nitrosyl photochemistry as a vehicle for delivering NO to hypoxic cell cultures in order to sensitize?-radiation damage. Also studied were the rates and mechanisms of NO “on” reactions with model water soluble heme compounds, the ferriheme protein met-myoglobin and various ruthenium complexes using ns laser flash photolysis techniques. An overview of these studies is presented.« less

  6. Multi-Terabyte EIDE Disk Arrays running Linux RAID5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. A. Sanders; L. M. Cremaldi; V. Eschenburg; R. Godang; M. D. Joy; D. J. Summers; D. L. Petravick

    2004-11-19

    High-energy physics experiments are currently recording large amounts of data and in a few years will be recording prodigious quantities of data. New methods must be developed to handle this data and make analysis at universities possible. Grid Computing is one method; however, the data must be cached at the various Grid nodes. We examine some storage techniques that exploit recent developments in commodity hardware. Disk arrays using RAID level 5 (RAID-5) include both parity and striping. The striping improves access speed. The parity protects data in the event of a single disk failure, but not in the case of multiple disk failures. We report on tests of dual-processor Linux Software RAID-5 arrays and Hardware RAID-5 arrays using a 12-disk 3ware controller, in conjunction with 250 and 300 GB disks, for use in offline high-energy physics data analysis. The price of IDE disks is now less than $1/GB. These RAID-5 disk arrays can be scaled to sizes affordable to small institutions and used when fast random access at low cost is important.

  7. Clean Cities ozone air quality attainment and maintenance strategies that employ alternative fuel vehicles, with special emphasis on natural gas and propane

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Santini, D.J.; Saricks, C.L.

    1998-08-04

    Air quality administrators across the nation are coming under greater pressure to find new strategies for further reducing automotive generated non-methane hydrocarbon (NMHC) and nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has established stringent emission reduction requirements for ozone non-attainment areas that have driven the vehicle industry to engineer vehicles meeting dramatically tightened standards. This paper describes an interim method for including alternative-fueled vehicles (AFVs) in the mix of strategies to achieve local and regional improvements in ozone air quality. This method could be used until EPA can develop the Mobile series of emissions estimation models to include AFVs and until such time that detailed work on AFV emissions totals by air quality planners and emissions inventory builders is warranted. The paper first describes the challenges confronting almost every effort to include AFVs in targeted emissions reduction programs, but points out that within these challenges resides an opportunity. Next, it discusses some basic relationships in the formation of ambient ozone from precursor emissions. It then describes several of the salient provisions of EPA`s new voluntary emissions initiative, which is called the Voluntary Mobile Source Emissions Reduction Program (VMEP). Recent emissions test data comparing gaseous-fuel light-duty AFVs with their gasoline-fueled counterparts is examined to estimate percent emissions reductions achievable with CNG and LPG vehicles. Examples of calculated MOBILE5b emission rates that would be used for summer ozone season planning purposes by an individual Air Quality Control Region (AQCR) are provided. A method is suggested for employing these data to compute appropriate voluntary emission reduction credits where such (lighter) AFVs would be acquired. It also points out, but does not quantify, the substantial reduction credits potentially achievable by substituting gaseous-fueled for gasoline-fueled heavy-duty vehicles. Finally, it raises and expands on the relevance of AFVs and their deployment to some other provisions embedded in EPA`s current guidance for implementing 1-hour NAAQS--standards which currently remain in effect--as tools to provide immediate reductions in ozone, without waiting for promised future clean technologies.

  8. Canted Undulator Upgrade for GeoSoilEnviroCARS Sector 13 at the Advanced Photon Source

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sutton, Stephen

    2013-02-02

    Support for the beamline component of the canted undulator upgrade of Sector 13 (GeoSoilEnviroCARS; managed and operated by the University of Chicago) at the Advanced Photon Source (APS; Argonne National Laboratory) was received from three agencies (equally divided): NASA-SRLIDAP (now LARS), NSF-EAR-IF (ARRA) and DOE-Single Investigator Small Group (SISGR). The associated accelerator components (undulators, canted front end) were provided by the APS using DOE-ARRA funding. The intellectual merit of the research enabled by the upgrade lies in advancing our knowledge of the composition, structure and properties of earth materials; the processes they control; and the processes that produce them. The upgrade will facilitate scientific advances in the following areas: high pressure mineral physics and chemistry, non-crystalline and nano-crystalline materials at high pressure, chemistry of hydrothermal fluids, reactions at mineral-water interfaces, biogeochemistry, oxidation states of magmas, flow dynamics of fluids and solids, and cosmochemistry. The upgrade, allowing the microprobe to operate 100% of the time and the high pressure and surface scattering and spectroscopy instruments to receive beam time increases, will facilitate much more efficient use of the substantial investment in these instruments. The broad scientific community will benefit by the increase in the number of scientists who conduct cutting-edge research at GSECARS. The user program in stations 13ID-C (interface scattering) and 13ID-D (laser heated diamond anvil cell and large volume press) recommenced in June 2012. The operation of the 13ID-E microprobe station began in the Fall 2012 cycle (Oct.-Dec 2012). The upgraded canted beamlines double the amount of undulator beam time at Sector 13 and provide new capabilities including extended operations of the X-ray microprobe down to the sulfur K edge and enhanced brightness at high energy. The availability of the upgraded beamlines will advance the research being conducted at Sector 13.

  9. Rapid evaluation and quality control of next generation sequencing data with FaQCs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lo, Chien -Chi; Chain, Patrick S. G.

    2014-12-01

    Background: Next generation sequencing (NGS) technologies that parallelize the sequencing process and produce thousands to millions, or even hundreds of millions of sequences in a single sequencing run, have revolutionized genomic and genetic research. Because of the vagaries of any platform's sequencing chemistry, the experimental processing, machine failure, and so on, the quality of sequencing reads is never perfect, and often declines as the read is extended. These errors invariably affect downstream analysis/application and should therefore be identified early on to mitigate any unforeseen effects. Results: Here we present a novel FastQ Quality Control Software (FaQCs) that can rapidly process large volumes of data, and which improves upon previous solutions to monitor the quality and remove poor quality data from sequencing runs. Both the speed of processing and the memory footprint of storing all required information have been optimized via algorithmic and parallel processing solutions. The trimmed output compared side-by-side with the original data is part of the automated PDF output. We show how this tool can help data analysis by providing a few examples, including an increased percentage of reads recruited to references, improved single nucleotide polymorphism identification as well as <i>de novo sequence assembly metrics. Conclusion: FaQCs combines several features of currently available applications into a single, user-friendly process, and includes additional unique capabilities such as filtering the PhiX control sequences, conversion of FASTQ formats, and multi-threading. The original data and trimmed summaries are reported within a variety of graphics and reports, providing a simple way to do data quality control and assurance.

  10. Lean NOx Trap Catalysis for Lean Natural Gas Engine Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parks, II, James E; Storey, John Morse; Theiss, Timothy J; Ponnusamy, Senthil; Ferguson, Harley Douglas; Williams, Aaron M; Tassitano, James B

    2007-09-01

    Distributed energy is an approach for meeting energy needs that has several advantages. Distributed energy improves energy security during natural disasters or terrorist actions, improves transmission grid reliability by reducing grid load, and enhances power quality through voltage support and reactive power. In addition, distributed energy can be efficient since transmission losses are minimized. One prime mover for distributed energy is the natural gas reciprocating engine generator set. Natural gas reciprocating engines are flexible and scalable solutions for many distributed energy needs. The engines can be run continuously or occasionally as peak demand requires, and their operation and maintenance is straightforward. Furthermore, system efficiencies can be maximized when natural gas reciprocating engines are combined with thermal energy recovery for cooling, heating, and power applications. Expansion of natural gas reciprocating engines for distributed energy is dependent on several factors, but two prominent factors are efficiency and emissions. Efficiencies must be high enough to enable low operating costs, and emissions must be low enough to permit significant operation hours, especially in non-attainment areas where emissions are stringently regulated. To address these issues the U.S. Department of Energy and the California Energy Commission launched research and development programs called Advanced Reciprocating Engine Systems (ARES) and Advanced Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engines (ARICE), respectively. Fuel efficiency and low emissions are two primary goals of these programs. The work presented here was funded by the ARES program and, thus, addresses the ARES 2010 goals of 50% thermal efficiency (fuel efficiency) and <0.1 g/bhp-hr emissions of oxides of nitrogen (NOx). A summary of the goals for the ARES program is given in Table 1-1. ARICE 2007 goals are 45% thermal efficiency and <0.015 g/bhp-hr NOx. Several approaches for improving the efficiency and emissions of natural gas reciprocating engines are being pursued. Approaches include: stoichiometric engine operation with exhaust gas recirculation and three-way catalysis, advanced combustion modes such as homogeneous charge compression ignition, and extension of the lean combustion limit with advanced ignition concepts and/or hydrogen mixing. The research presented here addresses the technical approach of combining efficient lean spark-ignited natural gas combustion with low emissions obtained from a lean NOx trap catalyst aftertreatment system. This approach can be applied to current lean engine technology or advanced lean engines that may result from related efforts in lean limit extension. Furthermore, the lean NOx trap technology has synergy with hydrogen-assisted lean limit extension since hydrogen is produced from natural gas during the lean NOx trap catalyst system process. The approach is also applicable to other lean engines such as diesel engines, natural gas turbines, and lean gasoline engines; other research activities have focused on those applications. Some commercialization of the technology has occurred for automotive applications (both diesel and lean gasoline engine vehicles) and natural gas turbines for stationary power. The research here specifically addresses barriers to commercialization of the technology for large lean natural gas reciprocating engines for stationary power. The report presented here is a comprehensive collection of research conducted by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) on lean NOx trap catalysis for lean natural gas reciprocating engines. The research was performed in the Department of Energy's ARES program from 2003 to 2007 and covers several aspects of the technology. All studies were conducted at ORNL on a Cummins C8.3G+ natural gas engine chosen based on industry input to simulate large lean natural gas engines. Specific technical areas addressed by the research include: NOx reduction efficiency, partial oxidation and reforming chemistry, and the effects of sulfur poisons on the partial oxidation

  11. Transuranic (Tru) waste volume reduction operations at a plutonium facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cournoyer, Michael E; Nixon, Archie E; Dodge, Robert L; Fife, Keith W; Sandoval, Arnold M; Garcia, Vincent E

    2010-01-01

    Programmatic operations at the Los Alamos National Laboratory Plutonium Facility (TA 55) involve working with various amounts of plutonium and other highly toxic, alpha-emitting materials. The spread of radiological contamination on surfaces, airborne contamination, and excursions of contaminants into the operator's breathing zone are prevented through use of a variety of gloveboxes (the glovebox, coupled with an adequate negative pressure gradient, provides primary confinement). Size-reduction operations on glovebox equipment are a common activity when a process has been discontinued and the room is being modified to support a new customer. The Actin ide Processing Group at TA-55 uses one-meter-long glass columns to process plutonium. Disposal of used columns is a challenge, since they must be size-reduced to get them out of the glovebox. The task is a high-risk operation because the glass shards that are generated can puncture the bag-out bags, leather protectors, glovebox gloves, and the worker's skin when completing the task. One of the Lessons Learned from these operations is that Laboratory management should critically evaluate each hazard and provide more effective measures to prevent personnel injury. A bag made of puncture-resistant material was one of these enhanced controls. We have investigated the effectiveness of these bags and have found that they safely and effectively permit glass objects to be reduced to small pieces with a plastic or rubber mallet; the waste can then be easily poured into a container for removal from the glove box as non-compactable transuranic (TRU) waste. This size-reduction operation reduces solid TRU waste generation by almost 2% times. Replacing one-time-use bag-out bags with multiple-use glass crushing bags also contributes to reducing generated waste. In addition, significant costs from contamination, cleanup, and preparation of incident documentation are avoided. This effort contributes to the Los Alamos National Laboratory Continuous Improvement Program by improving the efficiency, cost-effectiveness, and formality of glovebox operations. In this report, the technical issues, associated with implementing this process improvement are addressed, the results discussed, effectiveness of Lessons Learned evaluated, and waste savings presented.