Sample records for monox ide nonattainment

  1. Redundant Arrays of IDE Drives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. A. Sanders; L. M. Cremaldi; V. Eschenburg; C. N. Lawrence; C. Riley; D. J. Summers; D. L. Petravick

    2002-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The next generation of high-energy physics experiments is expected to gather prodigious amounts of data. New methods must be developed to handle this data and make analysis at universities possible. We examine some techniques that use recent developments in commodity hardware. We test redundant arrays of integrated drive electronics (IDE) disk drives for use in offline high-energy physics data analysis. IDE redundant array of inexpensive disks (RAID) prices now equal the cost per terabyte of million-dollar tape robots! The arrays can be scaled to sizes affordable to institutions without robots and used when fast random access at low cost is important. We also explore three methods of moving data between sites; internet transfers, hot pluggable IDE disks in FireWire cases, and writable digital video disks (DVD-R).

  2. Redundant arrays of IDE drives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D.A. Sanders et al.

    2002-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors report tests of redundant arrays of IDE disk drives for use in offline high energy physics data analysis. Parts costs of total systems using commodity EIDE disks are now at the $4000 per Terabyte level. Disk storage prices have now decreased to the point where they equal the cost per Terabyte of Storage Technology tape silos. The disks, however, offer far better granularity; even small institutions can afford to deploy systems. The tests include reports on software RAID-5 systems running under Linux 2.4 using Promise Ultra 100{trademark} disk controllers. RAID-5 protects data in case of a single disk failure by providing parity bits. Tape backup is not required. Journaling file systems are used to allow rapid recovery from crashes. The data analysis strategy is to encapsulate data and CPU processing power. Analysis for a particular part of a data set takes place on the PC where the data resides. The network is only used to put results together. They explore three methods of moving data between sites; internet transfers, not pluggable IDE disks in FireWire cases, and DVD-R disks.

  3. Title I implementation: Status report on nonattainment areas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kenkeremath, L.D.; Snyder, T.C.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Key provisions of Title I of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA) focus on bringing cities and other areas into attainment of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for ozone, carbon monoxide (CO), and fine particulates (PM-10). The CAAA's new classification scheme for pollutant nonattainment areas is based on the relative severity of pollution in these areas and determines the stringency of control measures and the dates by which attainment of the standards will be required. The US Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) final rule on air quality designations and classifications, published in late 1991, shows that ozone pollution remains a persistent problem; the number of counties that fail to meet the ozone standard has sharply increased since 1987. In contrast, incidence of PM-10 pollution has decreased; many counties have achieved the PM-10 standard since 1987. Nationwide, the number of CO nonattainment areas has increased, though not dramatically. Many of the new Title I requirements focus on the role of nitrogen oxides (NO[sub x]) in the formation of ground-level ozone. In ozone nonattainment areas and ozone transport regions, Title I generally requires major sources of NO[sub x] to have the same control measures as those that apply to major sources of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). This requirement compels state regulators to adopt an integrated VOC/NO[sub x] control strategy. The NO[sub x] emission standards proposed by state regulators are considerably more stringent than those given in federal guidelines. Both the EPA and the states plan to allow the use of multifacility emissions averaging in state NO[sub x] control strategies, thereby providing industry flexibility. Proposed federal Economic Incentive Program (EIP) rules would also allow sources in states with approved EIPs to use mobile source emission reduction credits to meet certain stationary source emission reduction requirements.

  4. Title I implementation: Status report on nonattainment areas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kenkeremath, L.D.; Snyder, T.C.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Key provisions of Title I of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA) focus on bringing cities and other areas into attainment of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for ozone, carbon monoxide (CO), and fine particulates (PM-10). The CAAA`s new classification scheme for pollutant nonattainment areas is based on the relative severity of pollution in these areas and determines the stringency of control measures and the dates by which attainment of the standards will be required. The US Environmental Protection Agency`s (EPA`s) final rule on air quality designations and classifications, published in late 1991, shows that ozone pollution remains a persistent problem; the number of counties that fail to meet the ozone standard has sharply increased since 1987. In contrast, incidence of PM-10 pollution has decreased; many counties have achieved the PM-10 standard since 1987. Nationwide, the number of CO nonattainment areas has increased, though not dramatically. Many of the new Title I requirements focus on the role of nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}) in the formation of ground-level ozone. In ozone nonattainment areas and ozone transport regions, Title I generally requires major sources of NO{sub x} to have the same control measures as those that apply to major sources of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). This requirement compels state regulators to adopt an integrated VOC/NO{sub x} control strategy. The NO{sub x} emission standards proposed by state regulators are considerably more stringent than those given in federal guidelines. Both the EPA and the states plan to allow the use of multifacility emissions averaging in state NO{sub x} control strategies, thereby providing industry flexibility. Proposed federal Economic Incentive Program (EIP) rules would also allow sources in states with approved EIPs to use mobile source emission reduction credits to meet certain stationary source emission reduction requirements.

  5. Kom met je idee naar de PV! Dit intakeformulier is de eerste stap in de realisatie van uw idee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franssen, Michael

    Kom met je idee naar de PV! Dit intakeformulier is de eerste stap in de realisatie van uw idee budget voor dit idee? Waarmee kan de PV u helpen? * (Denk bijvoorbeeld aan een locatie, meedenken met de een idee aangeleverd bij de PV? Zo ja, wat waren uw ervaringen en wie was uw contactpersoon? Heeft u

  6. Terabyte IDE RAID-5 Disk Arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. A. Sanders; L. M. Cremaldi; V. Eschenburg; R. Godang; C. N. Lawrence; C. Riley; D. J. Summers; D. L. Petravick

    2003-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    High energy physics experiments are currently recording large amounts of data and in a few years will be recording prodigious quantities of data. New methods must be developed to handle this data and make analysis at universities possible. We examine some techniques that exploit recent developments in commodity hardware. We report on tests of redundant arrays of integrated drive electronics (IDE) disk drives for use in offline high energy physics data analysis. IDE redundant array of inexpensive disks (RAID) prices now are less than the cost per terabyte of million-dollar tape robots! The arrays can be scaled to sizes affordable to institutions without robots and used when fast random access at low cost is important.

  7. Save-IDE A Tool for Design, Analysis and Implementation of Component-Based Embedded Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Becker, Steffen

    Save-IDE ­ A Tool for Design, Analysis and Implementation of Component-Based Embedded Systems S.nystrom, thomas.nolte, paul.pettersson, ivica.crnkovic}@mdh.se Abstract The paper presents Save-IDE, an Integrated Develop- ment Environment for the development of component-based embedded systems. Save-IDE supports

  8. Regelsysteme 1 5. Die Idee der Ruckfuhrung & PID Regler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lygeros, John

    Regelsysteme 1 5. Die Idee der R¨uckf¨uhrung & PID Regler Manfred Morari Institut f¨ur Automatik R¨uckf¨uhrung & PID Regler Gliederung 5.1. Station¨ares Verhalten 5.2. Sensitivit¨at 5.3. Dynamisches Verhalten 5.4. Der klassische PID-Regler Manfred Morari Regelsysteme 1 Herbstsemester 2014 #12;Die

  9. Potential impacts of Title I nonattainment on the electric power industry: A Chicago case study (Phase 2)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fernau, M.E.; Makofske, W.J.; South, D.W.

    1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study uses version IV of the Urban Airshed Model (UAM-IV) to examine the potential impacts of Title I (nonattainment) and Title IV (acid rain) of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA) on the utility industry. The UAM is run for a grid that covers the Commonwealth Edison Power Pool and encompasses the greater Chicago area and surrounding rural areas. Meteorological conditions are selected from an ozone (O{sub 3}) episode on July 5 and 6, 1988.

  10. A methodology to evaluate energy savings and NOx emissions reductions from the adoption of the 2000 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) to new residences in non-attainment and affected counties in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Im, Piljae

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Currently, four areas of Texas have been designated by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as non-attainment areas because they exceeded the national one-hour ground-level ozone standard of 0.12 ...

  11. Environmental factors affecting the permitting of a gas turbine cogeneration system located in an area designated non-attainment for ozone and carbon monoxide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Memarzadeh, F. [National Inst. of Health, Bethesda, MD (United States). Office of Research

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper will describe air permitting regulations that apply to a new cogeneration facility or the modification of any existing facility. The permitting depends on several factors including the attainment status of the emitted criteria pollutants within the project area, with the facility classified as either a ``major new source`` or a ``major modification``. Depending on the attainment status of a given pollutant, either the Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) or the Non-attainment area (NAA) regulations (Title I of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990) will apply for that pollutant. Since the greatest percentage of emissions generated by a gas turbine are nitrogen oxides (ozone precursors) and carbon monoxide this paper presents an overview of clean air regulations pertinent to those areas of the country that are designated as attaining the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for sulphur dioxide (SO{sub 2}), particulate matter (PM), nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}) and lead (Pb), and as areas of nonattainment for ozone (O{sub 3}) and carbon monoxide (CO). A hypothetical case is presented and all the environmental issues such as applicability of PSD and NAA regulations, available pollution offsets, and air quality compliance requirements for a modification to an existing facility located in a serious ozone and moderate carbon monoxide non-attainment area will be illustrated.

  12. SBVR based Business Contract and Business Rule IDE Aqueo Kamada1,4, Guido Governatori 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Governatori, Guido

    SBVR based Business Contract and Business Rule IDE Aqueo Kamada1,4, Guido Governatori 2 to model SBVR (Semantic of Business Vocabulary and Business Rule) compliant business rules [2] extracted from business contract of services and store them in an ontological

  13. CO2 leakage through existing wells: current technology and regulations S. Taku Ide1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for the most likely features, events and processes that affect well integrity after initial CO2 injection. As long as the #12;integrity of the cap rock is not compromised by permeable conduits like wellsCO2 leakage through existing wells: current technology and regulations S. Taku Ide1 , S. Julio

  14. Supporting Introductory Test-Driven Labs with WebIDE Thomas Dvornik

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Janzen, David

    , CA, USA tdvornik@salesforce.com David S. Janzen, John Clements, Olga Dekhtyar California Polytechnic goals: minimize tool barriers to writing computer programs and introduce software engineering best. Instructors can write their own labs for WebIDE using any software engineering or pedagogical ap- proach

  15. Texas’ Senate Bill 5 Legislation for Reducing Pollution in Non-Attainment and Affected Areas: Procedures for Measuring Electricity Savings from the Adoption of the International Energy Conservation Code (IRC/IECC 2001) in New Residences 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Turner, W. D.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Four areas in Texas have been designated by the EPA as non-attainment areas because ozone levels exceed the NAAQS maximum allowable limits, Beaumont-Port Arthur, El Paso, Dallas-Ft. Worth, and Houston-Galveston-Brazoria. These areas face severe...

  16. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 62756289, 2012 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/12/6275/2012/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    measured from various combustion processes. H2 in the ex- haust of gas and oil-fired heaters and of waste) combustion emissions and their isotope (D/H) signatures from domestic heaters, diesel vehicle engines, waste), and the key combustion parameters carbon monox- ide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), and methane (CH4) were

  17. VISUAl IDeNtItY & BRAND USAge the logo Y E A R O F T H E A RTS AT DA RT M O U T H the logo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Lawrence C.

    VISUAl IDeNtItY & BRAND USAge #12;2 the logo Y E A R O F T H E A RTS AT DA RT M O U T H the logo 3 Y E A R O F T H E A RTS AT DA RT M O U T H Features the Year of the Arts at Dartmouth logo consists of the "Y" in YeAR. l o g o t Y P e I C o N #12;4 the logo Y E A R O F T H E A RTS AT DA RT M O U T H

  18. IDE Americas: Innovations in Desalination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fay, Noah

    utilizing waste heat & solar energy Low Chemical Footprint Clean desalination systems (DOC - Direct Osmosis America Total Capacity 36,000 m3/day Cyprus Total Capacity 125,000 m3/day Australia Total Capacity 140 energy consumption Renewable energy Low chemical footprint Reliance, India 160,000 m3/day MED

  19. Britt Ide | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof Energy Future of CSP: ChallengesEnergy ForEnergyBritish

  20. Kursplan fr kalenderret 2005 DESIGNMETODIK IDE062

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    som används i designprocessen. Att möjliggöra för studenten att planera och sedan genomföra ett: Products/50 Real-life projects uncovered. Rockport Publishers, Inc. Clive Grinyer, Smart Design

  1. Kursplan fr hstterminen 2003 DESIGNMETODIK IDE062

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    som används i designprocessen. Att möjliggöra för studenten att planera och sedan genomföra ett: Products/ 50 Real-life projects uncovered. Rockport Publishers, Inc. Clive Grinyer, Smart Design / Products

  2. Kursplan fr kalenderret 2004 DESIGNMETODIK IDE062

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    som används i designprocessen. Att möjliggöra för studenten att planera och sedan genomföra ett: Products/50 Real-life projects uncovered. Rockport Publishers, Inc. Clive Grinyer, Smart Design

  3. Kursplan fr kalenderret 2006 DESIGNMETODIK IDE062

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    som används i designprocessen. Att möjliggöra för studenten att planera och sedan genomföra ett: Products/50 Real-life projects uncovered. Rockport Publishers, Inc. Clive Grinyer, Smart Design

  4. Ar Allman Ide-och matematik

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaijser, Sten

    Napoleon Komplexa Planet: Gauss 1825 Wienkongressen Sydamerika och Grekland fria Trigonometriska serier Victoria I Upprorens °ar 1848 Abraham Lincoln Napoleon III Abstrakt algebra: Boole, Cayley

  5. Texas Senate Bill 5 - Reducing Pollution in Non-Attainment Areas: An Overview of the Legislation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Culp, Charles; Haberl, Jeff; Bahman, Yazdani; Fitzpatrick, Tom; Bryant, J.; Turner, D.

    Standards SB 5 adopts the energy efficiency chapter of the International Residential Code, as it existed on May 1, 2001, as the energy code for single-family residential construction; and in all other residential, commercial, and industrial construction... for single-family residential construction, and the International Energy Conservation Code for all other residential, commercial and industrial construction in the state. Requires that municipalities establish procedures for administration and enforcement...

  6. air quality non-attainment: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    dynamics in the South Coast Air Basin of California. It has also been modified to model pollution in South Korea, Mexico Manohar, Rajit 55 Predicting Air Quality: Current Status...

  7. Standards for Language Resources Nancy Ide,* Laurent Romary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    of a newly formed committee of the International Standards Organization (ISO), ISO/TC 37/SC 4 Language of a newly formed committee of the International Standards Organization (ISO), ISO/TC 37/SC 4 Language of the committee. The objective of ISO/TC 37/SC 4 is to prepare international standards and guidelines

  8. RAPID/Roadmap/8-ID-e | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎ | Roadmap Jump to: navigation,c < RAPID‎ | Roadmapcae

  9. RAPID/Roadmap/3-ID-e | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I GeothermalPotentialBiopowerSolidGenerationMethodInformatione < RAPID‎ |gWA-eID-b <

  10. Detailed Description of Data for Texas' Senate Bill 5 Legislation for Reducing Pollution in Non-Attainment and Affected Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Im, P.; Haberl, J. S.; Ahmad, M.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Laboratory (PNNL) 29 3.14 Population and No. of Housing Units 30 3.15 Residential Energy Consumption Survey 1997 (RECS 1997) 30 3.16 State Implementation Plans 34 3.17 Summary Table 34 3.18 TNRCC Report 36 November 2002 Energy Systems Laboratory, Texas A...&M University SB5 DOE-2 Report p. 3 2 STRUCTURE OF THE CD-ROM Below is the structure of CD-ROM. Automated glassinput DOE2 Input DOE2 Ouput egrid F.W. Dodge flowchart Input Parameter 8t BEPS_BEPU map NAHB NFRC Packed TMY2 files Personal Communication PNNL...

  11. EGG-EP-9842 D

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    not only of methane but also high levels o f carbon dioxide, ng before Even in the case of de, and hydrogen which would require further process carbon monox use. 29 There is...

  12. Pile --idee ADT IFT2010 H2006 UdeM Miklos Csuros 7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Csürös, Miklós

    Pile -- id´ee ADT IFT2010 H2006 UdeM Mikl´os Csur¨os 7 Id´ee de pile : objets empil´es un sur l pop push pop push push #12;Pile ADT IFT2010 H2006 UdeM Mikl´os Csur¨os 8 Objets : listes de style A1 pile (au lieu de retourner une nouvelle pile) #12;Pile -- implantation avec un tableau ADT IFT2010 H

  13. Nr. 207 / 2012 // 7. Juni 2012 Deine Uni. Dein Geld. Deine Idee.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ullmann, G. Matthias

    Studienbeiträge ­ Studierende zeigten überbordende Kreativität Im Bild: Kanzler Dr. Markus Zanner (2. v

  14. Quo vadis universitas? Kritische Beitrge zur Idee und Zukunft der Universitt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zürich, Universität

    Vorwort Vor zehn Jahren erfasste eine Reformwelle die Institutionen der öffentlichen Verwaltung: NPM und für die Uni- versität. Nicht wenige kommunale und staatliche Verwaltungen haben ihre NPM

  15. Une petite histoire de l'ide de Explication gnalogique du cosmos par le mythe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giraud, Olivier

    gonflent et s'agitent. · D'elle et d'Ouranos naquirent le profond Océan, Coeus, Crios, Hypérion, Japet

  16. Texas’ Senate Bill 5 Legislation for Reducing Pollution in Non-Attainment and Affected Areas: Report for the TERP Advisory Board Meeting 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Turner, W. D.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    at the time of the simulation. These hourly NOx and VOC are then merged together with other sources of NOx and VOC and fed into an hourly photochemical mo del along with the prevailing weather conditions to allow for the calculation of the ozone pollution (i...ESL-TR-02/06-01 TEXAS1 SENATE BILL 5 LEGISLATION FOR REDUCING POLLUTION IN NON- ATTAINMENT AND AFFECTED AREAS: Report for the TERP Advisory Board Meeting Jeff Haberl, Charles Culp, Bahman Yazdani, Tom Fitzpatrick, Dan Turner Energy Systems...

  17. Texas’ Senate Bill 5 Legislation for Reducing Pollution in Non-Attainment and Affected Areas: Annual Report to the Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Turner, W. D.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and fed into an hourly photochemical model along with the prevailing weather conditions to allow for the calculation of the ozone pollution (i.e., Ozone day or August-September 2000 Episode day) to determine the reduction in ozone. Although...ESL-TR-02/07-01 TEXAS1 SENATE BILL 5 LEGISLATION FOR REDUCING POLLUTION IN NON- ATTAINMENT AND AFFECTED AREAS: Annual Report to the Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission Jeff Haberl, Charles Culp, Bahman Yazdani Tom Fitzpatrick, Dan Turner...

  18. Texas Senate Bill 5 Legislation for Reducing Pollution in Non-Attainment and Affected Areas: An Overview of Legislative Responsibilities, Code Compliance Issues and Accomplishments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Culp, C.; Haberl, J. S.; Yazdani, B.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Bryant, J. A.; Turner, W. D.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The 77th Texas Legislature, in 2001, established Senate Bill 5, SB-5, which addressed NOx emission reductions by establishing programs to reduce vehicle emissions and reductions due to energy efficiency and the use of renewable energy sources...

  19. Texas’ Senate Bill 5 Legislation for Reducing Pollution in Non-Attainment and Affected Areas: Annual Report to the Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Turner, W. D.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of efficient refrigerators. ? Increased use of efficient clothes washers. ? Increased use of Low-E windows. ? Increased use of solar thermal DHW systems. ? Increased use of compact fluorescents. ? Elimination of pilot lights. The following estimates..., for help with the Air Conditioner calculations, Mr. Russell Smith, (TREIA), who provided useful insight into the statistics of solar sales in the State of Texas, Mr. Dave Roberts of the Architectural Energy Corporation in Boulder, Colorado, and Mr. Phillip...

  20. Texas’ Senate Bill 5 Legislation for Reducing Pollution in Non-Attainment and Affected Areas: Report for the TERP Advisory Board Meeting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Turner, W. D.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ESL-TR-02/06-01 TEXAS1 SENATE BILL 5 LEGISLATION FOR REDUCING POLLUTION IN NON- ATTAINMENT AND AFFECTED AREAS: Report for the TERP Advisory Board Meeting Jeff Haberl, Charles Culp, Bahman Yazdani, Tom Fitzpatrick, Dan Turner Energy Systems... Laboratory (ESL) Texas A&M University System June 2002 ENERGY SYSTEMS LABORATORY Texas Engineering Experiment Station Texas A&M University System TERP Report p. 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This report outlines the Energy Systems Laboratory's responsibilities...

  1. A Mobile Scaffolding Application to Support Novice Learners of Computer Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Edwin

    store, such as DeuterIDE. However the interfaces of these IDEs mimic a PC IDE such as Eclipse and do

  2. A ca r-free gu ide to Pri n ceton U niversity How can I get around campus?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    train. For pick-up, call 609-258-RIDE. OnDemand Shuttle Airport Shuttle Car Share Bus Car Share Walk and #606 buses service Princeton. Sign up for an Enterprise Car Share Membership. Rent a car for a few hours or for the day whenever you need it! Cars are located on campus and are available to members. More

  3. Canica: An IDE for the Java Modeling Language Angelica B. Perez, Yoonsik Cheon, and Ann Q. Gates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheon, Yoonsik

    of Computer Science The University of Texas at El Paso 500 West University Avenue El Paso, Texas 79968-0518, U Department of Computer Science The University of Texas at El Paso El Paso, Texas 79968, U.S.A. {abperez the world. At the University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP), for example, we are developing a tool to automate

  4. CIEAEM 57 Italie Italy Foire aux ides, Session de Poster Piazza Armerina, Forum of Ideas, Poster Session

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spagnolo, Filippo

    .onet.pl 85 - 005 Bydgoszcz, Ul. Gdaska 27, Poland Exploiting unconventional energy sources raises estimation ____________________________________________________________________________ 321 Unconventional energy sources as a topic used in teaching mathematics, physics and technology and calculation issues related to: new technologies of generating and extracting energy, estimation

  5. Texas’ Senate Bill 5 Legislation for Reducing Pollution in Non-Attainment and Affected Areas: Procedures for Measuring Electricity Savings from the Adoption of the International Energy Conservation Code (IRC/IECC 2001) in New Residences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Turner, W. D.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    .g., residential emissions), on-road mobile sources (e.g., all types of motor vehicles), and non-road mobile sources (e.g., aircraft, locomotives, etc.). An important part of this legislation is the evaluation of the State's energy efficiency programs, which... vehicles), and non-road mobile sources (e.g., aircraft, locomotives, etc.). An important part of this legislation is the evaluation of the State's new energy efficiency programs, which includes reductions in energy use and demand that are associated...

  6. A methodology to evaluate energy savings and NOx emissions reductions from the adoption of the 2000 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) to new residences in non-attainment and affected counties in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Im, Piljae

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    ) as the state energy code. Since September 1, 2001, the 2000 IECC has been required for newly constructed single and multifamily houses in Texas. Therefore, this study develops and applies portions of a methodology to calculate the energy savings and NOx...

  7. Texas' Senate Bill 5 Legislation for Reducing Pollution in Non-Attainment and Affected Areas: Procedures for Measuring Electricity Savings from the Adoption of the International Energy Conservation Code (IRC/IECC 2001) in New Residences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Turner, W. D.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and demand that are associated with specific energy conservation measures. This paper outlines the procedures that are being developed to report the electricity savings associated with the adoption of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC 2001...

  8. Detailed Analysis of the Builder Option Packages for Climate Zones 3,4,5, and 6 for Texas' Senate Bill 5 Legislation for Reducing Pollution in Non-Attainment and Affected Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, M.; Haberl, J. S.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is a detailed description of the analysis completed on the Energy Star Builder Option Packages (BOPs) using the Energy Systems Laboratory’s (ESL) Code Compliant Test Suite of Tools. This report outlines the basic procedure, which...

  9. Andrea D. Sims The Ohio State University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -des -don -des -Ř -tos -Ř -ides -idon -ides -s -tos -s -ta -ton -ta -ma -matos -ma -mata -maton -mata

  10. De la cit de Copernic la capitale europenne de Ce projet repose sur l'ide de dvelopper un lien original de nature scientifique et

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dintrans, Boris

    Titre De la cité de Copernic à la capitale européenne de l'espace Résumé Ce projet repose sur l de Torun (cité de Copernic) et de Toulouse (cité européenne de l'espace) dans le domaine de l'organisation des manifestations intitulées « De Copernic à Ariane », qui comprendraient des conférences, débats

  11. POET: A Model for (P)lanetary (O)rbital (E)volution due to (T)ides on Evolving Stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Penev, Kaloyan; Jackson, Brian

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We make publicly available an efficient, versatile, easy to use and extend tool for calculating the evolution of circular aligned planetary orbits due to the tidal dissipation in the host star. This is the first model to fully account for the evolution of the angular momentum of the stellar convective envelope by the tidal coupling, the transfer of angular momentum between the stellar convective and radiative zones, the effects of the stellar evolution on the tidal dissipation efficiency and stellar core and envelope spins, the loss of stellar convective zone angular momentum to a magnetically launched wind and frequency dependent tidal dissipation. This is only a first release and further development is under way to allow calculating the evolution of inclined and eccentric orbits, with the latter including the tidal dissipation in the planet and its feedback on planetary structure. Considerable effort has been devoted to providing extensive documentation detailing both the usage and the complete implementati...

  12. NumPy for Matlab Users 1. Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guzdial, Mark

    one standard IDE. However, the IPython environment provides a sophisticated command prompt with full

  13. Areas Participating in the Reformulated Gasoline Program (Released in the STEO June 1999)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Section 107(d) of the Clean Air Act, as amended in 1990 (the Act), required states to identify all areas that do not meet the national ambient air quality standards (NAAQS) for ozone, and directed the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to designate these areas as ozone nonattainment areas. Section 181 of the Act required EPA to classify each area as a marginal, moderate, serious, severe or extreme ozone nonattainment area. EPA classified all areas that were designated as in nonattainment for ozone at the time of the enactment of the 1990 Amendments, except for certain "nonclassifiable" areas (56 FR 56694, November 6, 1991).

  14. Detailed Analysis of Thermal Mass Effects in a Code-Traceable DOE-2 Simulation of the 2000 IECC for a Single-Family Residence in Texas: A Project for Texas' Senate Bill 5 Legislation for Reducing Pollution in Nonattainment and Affected Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, S.; Haberl, J. S.

    2008-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examines the thermal mass effects in a code-traceable DOE-2 simulation of the 2000 IECC (International Energy Conservation Code) for a single-family residence in Texas. This report is composed of two major simulations: 1) the simulation...

  15. Placing Refuge: Shell Mounds and the Archaeology of Colonial Encounters in the San Francisco Bay Area, California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schneider, Tsim Duncan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    fragment unIDed seed unIDed shell/testa Wood (g) Residue (g)Shellfishing, and the Shell Mound Archaic. In Engendering1991b Normative Thinking and Shell-Bearing Sites. In

  16. Dobbiamo desiderare il futuro MARIO CALABRESI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Savaré, Giuseppe

    post bellico. Si trasferì a Milano e fece fortuna, ebbe molte idee originali ma non sarebbero state

  17. JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Collocl~ieC4, sirppk;tllct~tair 110 1 1-12. Totllc 31. Nor. DPc. 1970, p(igcJ C4-161 WHY THE HARTREE-FOCK Fk INTEGRALS ARE TOO LARGE (*)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    solutions HF plus directement. Slater a discute la relation non hydrogeno'ide entre la valeur propre et la

  18. The Influence of VerTIcal and horIzonTal habITaT STrucTure on naTIonwIde PaTTernS of aVIan bIodIVerSITy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    principalmente de la estructura horizontal. Calculamos la altura del dosel y la biomasa para 2546 rutas del Censo Norteamericano de Aves Reproductivas a partir del Conjunto Nacional de Datos de Biomasa y Carbono (NBCD, por sus

  19. California Energy Commission STAFF REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : Solazyme, Incorporated, "Development of Pilot Production Plants for Soladiesel RD Utilizing) Renewable Diesel Solazyme, Inc. In Progress Non-Attainment (All) Source: Energy Commission staff analysis as a high percentage of sensitive populations. #12;2 Project Name Solazyme, Incorporated

  20. Market Opportunities for Electric Drive Compressors for Gas Transmission, Storage, and Processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parent, L. V.; Ralph, H. D.; Schmeal, W. R.

    for replacement of older gas engines and for new compressor installations. In ozone nonattainment regions, bringing gas compressor stations into compliance with NOx emission regulations is a must. Outside those regions, new electric drives are being considered...

  1. Preliminary assessment of the impact of commercial aircraft on local air quality in the U.S.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ratliff, Gayle L. (Gayle Lois)

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines the impact of aircraft emissions on local air quality by performing two analyses: an assessment of U.S. commercial aircraft contribution to county budgets of primary pollutants in nonattainment areas, ...

  2. Texas A&M Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratory Procedures 21.01.08.V0.04 Vehicle Compulsory Inspection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of vehicles and a compulsory emission testing program of vehicles in non­attainment areas. REASON years for a passenger car or light truck that is sold in this state; has not been previously registered

  3. Texas A&M AgriLife Research Procedures 21.01.08.A0.04 Vehicle Compulsory Inspection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of vehicles and a compulsory emission testing program of vehicles in non­attainment areas. REASON years for a passenger car or light truck that is sold in this state; has not been previously registered

  4. The Chicago VOC trading system : the consequences of market design for performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kosobud, Richard F.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Chicago cap-and-trade approach to regulating stationary source VOC emissions in the Chicago ozone non-attainment area is a pioneering program that could set a precedent for other urban areas troubled by high ozone ...

  5. Paired Comparisons-based Interactive Differential Evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    (IEC) user fatigue. Unlike IGA and conventional IDE, users of the proposed IDE and tournament IGA do user fatigue. In this paper, we design a pseudo-IEC user and evaluate another factor, IEC convergence performance, using IEC simulators and show that our proposed IDE converges significantly faster than IGA

  6. Designed Inhibitors of Insulin-Degrading Enzyme Regulate the Catabolism and Activity of Insulin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leissring, Malcolm A.; Malito, Enrico; Hedouin, Sabrine; Reinstatler, Lael; Sahara, Tomoko; Abdul-Hay, Samer O.; Choudhry, Shakeel; Maharvi, Ghulam M.; Fauq, Abdul H.; Huzarska, Malwina; May, Philip S.; Choi, Sungwoon; Logan, Todd P.; Turk, Benjamin E.; Cantley, Lewis C.; Manolopoulou, Marika; Tang, Wei-Jen; Stein, Ross L.; Cuny, Gregory D.; Selkoe, Dennis J. (Harvard-Med); (BWH); (Yale-MED); (Scripps); (UC); (Mayo)

    2010-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Insulin is a vital peptide hormone that is a central regulator of glucose homeostasis, and impairments in insulin signaling cause diabetes mellitus. In principle, it should be possible to enhance the activity of insulin by inhibiting its catabolism, which is mediated primarily by insulin-degrading enzyme (IDE), a structurally and evolutionarily distinctive zinc-metalloprotease. Despite interest in pharmacological inhibition of IDE as an attractive anti-diabetic approach dating to the 1950s, potent and selective inhibitors of IDE have not yet emerged. We used a rational design approach based on analysis of combinatorial peptide mixtures and focused compound libraries to develop novel peptide hydroxamic acid inhibitors of IDE. The resulting compounds are {approx} 10{sup 6} times more potent than existing inhibitors, non-toxic, and surprisingly selective for IDE vis-a-vis conventional zinc-metalloproteases. Crystallographic analysis of an IDE-inhibitor complex reveals a novel mode of inhibition based on stabilization of IDE's 'closed,' inactive conformation. We show further that pharmacological inhibition of IDE potentiates insulin signaling by a mechanism involving reduced catabolism of internalized insulin. Conclusions/Significance: The inhibitors we describe are the first to potently and selectively inhibit IDE or indeed any member of this atypical zinc-metalloprotease superfamily. The distinctive structure of IDE's active site, and the mode of action of our inhibitors, suggests that it may be possible to develop inhibitors that cross-react minimally with conventional zinc-metalloproteases. Significantly, our results reveal that insulin signaling is normally regulated by IDE activity not only extracellularly but also within cells, supporting the longstanding view that IDE inhibitors could hold therapeutic value for the treatment of diabetes.

  7. Field-controlled electron transfer and reaction kinetics of the biological catalytic system of microperoxidase-11 and hydrogen peroxide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, Yongki; Yau, Siu-Tung

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of microperoxidase-11 and hydrogen peroxide Yongki Choi 1,2microperoxidase-11 and hydrogen peroxide has been achievedvoltage in the presence of hydrogen perox- ide, indicating a

  8. Building Technologies Program - 1995 Annual Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selkowitz, S.E.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    WI. Also ide Films for Electrochromic Devices," published as1) (1995). posited Electrochromic Coatings," nology: 1973-37747, July 1995. Use of Electrochromic Windows," Ther- LBL

  9. Weather Regime Prediction Using Statistical Learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Deloncle; R. Berk; F. D'Andrea; M. Ghil

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and B. Legras, 1995: Weather regimes: Recurrence and quasi10952. Molteni, F. , 2002: Weather regimes and multipleK. Ide, and M. Ghil, 2004: Weather regimes and preferred

  10. An Integrated Development Environment for Building Predictable Component-Based Embedded Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Becker, Steffen

    Save-IDE An Integrated Development Environment for Building Predictable Component-Based Embedded-- In this paper we present an Integrated Development Environment Save-IDE, a toolset that embraces several tools-time properties, such as timing properties, and transforming the components to real-time execution elements. Save

  11. Source Contributions to VOC's to Ozone Formation in Southeast Texas Using a Source-oriented Air Quality Model 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krishnan, Anupama

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Houston-Galveston-Brazoria area is in severe non-attainment status for ozone compliance. Source-oriented mechanistic modeling was used to determine the major sources of VOCs that contributes to ozone formation during the Texas Air Quality Study (Tex...

  12. Photochemical aging of volatile organic compounds in the Los Angeles basin: Weekday-weekend effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Ronald C.

    in ozone, caused by lower NOx emissions due to reduced diesel truck traffic in the weekends, has been previously observed in Los Angeles and other cities. Measurements in the Caldecott tunnel show that emission nonattainment area. [3] In the LA basin the main emission sources for the ozone precursors VOCs and NOx (NO + NO

  13. Source Contributions to VOC's to Ozone Formation in Southeast Texas Using a Source-oriented Air Quality Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krishnan, Anupama

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Houston-Galveston-Brazoria area is in severe non-attainment status for ozone compliance. Source-oriented mechanistic modeling was used to determine the major sources of VOCs that contributes to ozone formation during the Texas Air Quality Study (Tex...

  14. California Energy Commission STAFF REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , the Energy Commission identified high-risk areas as those in non-attainment air basins for ozoneCalifornia Energy Commission STAFF REPORT MARCH 2011 CEC-600-2010-004-AD Program Under Solicitation PON-09-003 #12;CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Pilar Magańa Primary

  15. Voorbeelden zeggen natuurlijk zoveel meer. Jeuk, m., krieuwelende gewaarwording aan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - stuk van HetPaleis/Das Theater door Arne Sierens. Geen flauw idee waar het precies over gaat, maar het lijkt me een aanrader voor de gemiddelde Gentse flik. Het stuk speelt nog tot 6 maart van woensdag tot

  16. 196 IEEE/ASME TRANSACTIONS ON MECHATRONICS, VOL. 11, NO. 2, APRIL 2006 Design and Energetic Characterization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in place of an air compressor. The configuration described in [1] incor- porates a solenoid valve to meter the flow of hydrogen perox- ide through a catalyst pack and into a high-pressure hot gas reservoir. Like

  17. Proceedings of the sixth ESSLLI Student Session

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Striegnitz, Kristina

    Areces, Mira Ariel, Alessandro Artale, Paolo Baldan, Jorg Bauer, Michael Beeson, Lev Beklemishev, Agnes, Klaus von Heusinger, Dirk Heylen, Colin Hirsch, Nancy Ide, Rosalie Iemho#11;, Amar Isli, Gerhard J

  18. Decadal changes in the mid-depth water mass dynamic of the Northeastern Atlantic margin (Bay of Biscay)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long, Bernard

    -sur-Yvette Cedex, France b Laboratoire des Interactions et Dynamique des Environnements de Surface (IDES), UMR-8148 radiocarbon neodymium isotopes a b s t r a c t The lithium/magnesium (Li/Mg) molar ratios, radiocarbon

  19. COO-3084-22

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    2 Division of Engineerin g 1 BROWN UNIVERSITY 4, ' PR OV IDE NC E, R. I. A DUCTILE VS. BRITTLE BEHAVIOR OF CRYSTALS JAMES R. RICE and ROBB THOMSON 4 , F.,- ... . U. S. Atomic...

  20. FLOW OF A FLUID THROUGH A POROUS SOLID DUE TO HIGH PRESSURE GRADIENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonito, Andrea

    or carbon diox- ide sequestration where very high pressure differentials are involved. Another important and geotechnical engineering, for example problems such as enhanced oil recovery and carbon di-oxide sequestration

  1. Parallel Web Scripting with Reactive Constraints Thibaud Hottelier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bodik, Rastisla

    Parallel Web Scripting with Reactive Constraints Thibaud Hottelier James Ide Doug Kimelman Ras Bodik Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences University of California at Berkeley Technical Report to lists, requires prior specific permission. #12;Parallel Web Scripting with Reactive Constraints Thibaud

  2. Evaluation of a Novel Xylanase and Algal Beta-Glucan on Broiler Performance, Energy Digestibility, and Immune Status

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pieniazek, Jake Stephen

    2014-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this research was to determine the effects of a novel xylanase and algal ?-glucan (ABG) when included in broiler diets on broiler performance, ileal digestibility of energy (IDE), and immune status. Three experiments were conducted...

  3. Modifications du travail de sortie des surfaces clives de GaAs, lies au refroidissement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    les positions energetiques des etats de surface. Cette idee a ete reprise et developpee par L. K experimentaux ne posent pas de probleme majeur [6], 1'exp6rimentation, delicate, conduit a se poser la question

  4. Informationen zur Ausschreibung des Studienreformprojekts ,,Blue Engineering Seminar"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berlin,Technische Universität

    Informationen zur Ausschreibung des Studienreformprojekts ,,Blue Engineering Seminar" angesiedelt am Fachgebiet Konstruktion von Maschinensystemen Die Idee von Blue Engineering ist es, soziale und Ingenieurberufs, Greenwashing oder Energiespeicherung. Das Blue Engineering Seminar wurde während der letzten drei

  5. Predicting Weather Regime Transitions in Northern Hemisphere Datasets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kondrashov, D.; Shen, J.; Berk, R.; D., F

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    R, D’Andrea F, Ghil M (2007) Weather regime prediction usingA case study. Mon. Weather Rev. , 120, 1616–1627. Kimoto M,D, Ide K, Ghil M (2004) Weather regimes and preferred

  6. Predicting Weather Regime Transitions in Northern Hemisphere Datasets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Kondrashov; J. Shen; R. Berk; F. D

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    R, D’Andrea F, Ghil M (2007) Weather regime prediction usingA case study. Mon. Weather Rev. , 120, 1616–1627. Kimoto M,D, Ide K, Ghil M (2004) Weather regimes and preferred

  7. Predicting Weather Regime Transitions in Northern Hemisphere Datasets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kondrashov, Dmitri; Shen, Jie; Berk, Richard; D'Andrea, F.; Ghil, M.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    R, D'Andrea F, Ghil M (2007) Weather regime prediction usingA case study. Mon. Weather Rev. , 120, 1616-1627. Kimoto M ,D, Ide K , Ghil M (2004) Weather regimes and preferred

  8. Drift Chamber R&D K.T. McDonald

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    or electroless nickel? 2. Deflection of 1/32 segments of the endplates. 3. Prototype III, a 1/16 segment ox- ide. Inexpensive. The electroless nickel process can put a layer of nickel up to 0.0001 thick

  9. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 82558267, 2014 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/14/8255/2014/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierce, Jeffrey

    of nitrogen ox- ides (NOx), sulfur dioxide (SO2), carbon dioxide (CO2) and Published by Copernicus. Particles in the atmosphere are of concern due to their toxic properties and effects on climate. In coastal

  10. Laser Inertial Fusion-based Energy: Neutronic Design Aspects of a Hybrid Fusion-Fission Nuclear Energy System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kramer, Kevin James

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Code MFE Magnetic Fusion Energy MOX Mixed Oxide NES Nuclearreprocessing mixed oxide (MOX) fuels, as will be discussedbegun using Mixed ox- ide or MOX fuel as a means of both

  11. alghero sardinia italy: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    can be used to generate electricity or heat. Untreated wood Yin, Chungen 23 Start up Italy: il talento delle idee Mathematics Websites Summary: Start up Italy: il talento delle...

  12. Pressesprecher: Achim Fischer Telefon 0621 /1 81-1013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mannheim, Universität

    - Präsidenten Jimmy Carter ausgezeichnet. Um die Idee des Service Learning in Deutschland zu verbreiten, haben und Friedensnobelpreisträger Jimmy Carter der Universität den "Jimmy und Rosalynn Carter Partnership

  13. Operation of Energy Efficient Residential Buildings Under Indoor Environmental Quality Requirements 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Medhat, A. A.; Khalil, E. E.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Effic iency in residential bui Idings I. INTRODUCTION Com prehensi \\Ie ex perience were gai ned over the past fifty years in Egy pt regarding how therm al comfort and sensations of Egyptians are related to indoor environmental. parameters...

  14. Geophysical Prospecting doi: 10.1111/1365-2478.12092 Navigating marine electromagnetic transmitters using dipole field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Constable, Steve

    .A.Weitemeyer@soton.ac.uk the production of reservoirs and sequestration of carbon diox- ide (Orange et al. 2009; Lien & Mannseth 2008 to hydrocarbon reservoirs in production, or to monitor the seques- tration of carbon dioxide. Marine controlled

  15. Evaluation of pre-packaged agricultural drip irrigation kits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Shen, S.B. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this thesis is to conduct user testing and performance evaluation of two different agricultural pre-packaged drip irrigation kit (PDIK) systems: Chapin Bucket Kit and International Design Enterprises (IDE) ...

  16. In pursuit of clean air: a data book of problems and strategies at the state level. Volume 4. Federal Regions V and VII

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garvey, D.B.; Streets, D.G.

    1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The following material is provided for each state in Federal Regions V and VII: state title page lists nonattainment areas for each pollutant, the number of monitors with valid readings for a particular averaging time for a pollutant, and the number of monitors that recorded a violation of the standard); revised State Implementation Plan (SIP) outline (covers sources of the problems, the proposed strategies for achieving attainment, and new state review procedures); maps of nonattainment areas, as designated; SAROAD (Storage and Retrieval of Aerometric Data) data; SAROAD data maps; power plant data; power plant maps; and county maps. States in Federal Region V are Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin. Federal Region VII includes Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, and Nebraska. (JGB)

  17. Installation and certification of continuous VOC emissions monitoring systems for a steel mill sinter plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taylor, K.L.; Macak, J.J. III; Cioffi, J.

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The counties of Lake, Porter, and LaPorte in Northwest Indiana are classified as severe non-attainment for the ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS). In response to the non-attainment problem, the Indiana Department of Environmental Management (IDEM) promulgated a number of regulations over the last several years. One of these rules requires steel mills with sinter plants to control and continuously monitor volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions from the facilities. One of the accepted compliance methods is to install and certify Continuous Emission Monitoring Systems (CEMS) to monitor VOC emissions and volumetric flow rate in order to generate a VOC emission number in units of pounds per hour. Compliance with the regulation also requires that the sinter plants accurately monitor sinter production in order to determine compliance during the winter months, when the limits are based on pounds of VOC emissions per ton of sinter produced.

  18. In pursuit of clean air: a data book of problems and strategies at the state level. Volume 5. Federal Regions VIII, IX, and X

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garvey, D.B.; Streets, D.G.

    1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The following material is provided for each state in Federal Regions VIII, IX, and X: state title page (lists nonattainment areas for each pollutant, the number of monitors with valid readings for a particular averaging time for a pollutant, and the number of monitors that recorded a violation of the standard); revised State Implementation Plan (SIP) outline (covers sources of the problems, the proposed strategies for achieving attainment, and new state review procedures); maps of nonattainment areas, as designated; SAROAD (Storage and Retrieval of Aerometric Data) data; SAROAD data maps; power plant data; power plant maps; and county maps. States in Federal Region VIII are Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, and Wyoming. Federal Region IX includes Arizona, California, and Nevada. Federal Region X includes Idaho, Oregon, and Washington. (JGB)

  19. Identification of the Allosteric Regulatory Site of Insulysin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Noinaj, Nicholas; Bhasin, Sonia K.; Song, Eun Suk; Scoggin, Kirsten E.; Juliano, Maria A.; Juliano, Luiz; Hersh, Louis B.; Rodgers, David W. (U. Sao Paulo); (Kentucky)

    2012-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Insulin degrading enzyme (IDE) is responsible for the metabolism of insulin and plays a role in clearance of the A{beta} peptide associated with Alzheimer's disease. Unlike most proteolytic enzymes, IDE, which consists of four structurally related domains and exists primarily as a dimer, exhibits allosteric kinetics, being activated by both small substrate peptides and polyphosphates such as ATP. The crystal structure of a catalytically compromised mutant of IDE has electron density for peptide ligands bound at the active site in domain 1 and a distal site in domain 2. Mutating residues in the distal site eliminates allosteric kinetics and activation by a small peptide, as well as greatly reducing activation by ATP, demonstrating that this site plays a key role in allostery. Comparison of the peptide bound IDE structure (using a low activity E111F IDE mutant) with unliganded wild type IDE shows a change in the interface between two halves of the clamshell-like molecule, which may enhance enzyme activity by altering the equilibrium between closed and open conformations. In addition, changes in the dimer interface suggest a basis for communication between subunits. Our findings indicate that a region remote from the active site mediates allosteric activation of insulysin by peptides. Activation may involve a small conformational change that weakens the interface between two halves of the enzyme.

  20. In pursuit of clean air: a data book of problems and strategies at the state level. Supplement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garvey, D.B.; Moser, S.B.; Streets, D.G.

    1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1977 and EPA regulations set stringent requirements for the control of emissions in areas where the National Ambient Air Quality Standards were being exceeded. This supplement updates a previous five-volume summary of nonattainment area designations and attainment strategies of the states as of July 1, 1980. It also contains maps of PSD Class I areas and additional information on coal production, coal reserves, and coal quality.

  1. Urban alliance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zmuda, J.T. [Cottrell Environmental Services, Branchburg, NJ (United States)

    1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Early reviews of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA) focused most strongly on the effects of Title I on local governments, the impact of Title III on industry, and requirements of Title IV on utilities. By concentrating on the compliance issues presented by Title III, however, some industries have overlooked the potential consequences of Title I, which can be expected to affect virtually every industrial operation within it designated nonattainment area by the turn of the century.

  2. An institutional assessment of the implementation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act: Puget Sound case study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farrell, S.O.; Jensen, M.S.

    1980-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

    This report examines and evaluates the capabilities and effectiveness of the institutions charged with enforcing the Clean Air Act requirements in the Puget Sound region of the State of Washington. Among the sections of the Act addressed by the study are those concerning Federal grants, designation and planning, enforcement issues, and citizen suits. The requirements for nonattainment areas specified in Title I, Part D of the Act are reviewed extensively.

  3. Energy Efficiency/Renewable Energy Impact in the Texas Emissions Reduction Plan (TERP) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Yazdani, B.; Culp, C.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1 Energy Systems Laboratory p. 1 Energy Systems Laboratory Texas Engineering Experiment Station Texas A&M University System Energy Efficiency/Renewable Energy Impact in the Texas Emissions Reduction Plan (TERP) September 2001 ? December... 2007 Energy Systems Laboratory p. 2 41 Counties in Texas designated non-attainment or affected. Senate Bill 5 (77th Legislature, 2001) Ch. 386. Texas Emissions Reduction Plan Sec. 386.205. Evaluation Of State Energy Efficiency Programs (with PUC...

  4. Energy Efficiency/Renewable Energy Impact in the Texas Emissions Reduction Plan (TERP)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Yazdani, B.; Culp, C.

    1 Energy Systems Laboratory p. 1 Energy Systems Laboratory Texas Engineering Experiment Station Texas A&M University System Energy Efficiency/Renewable Energy Impact in the Texas Emissions Reduction Plan (TERP) September 2001 ? December... 2007 Energy Systems Laboratory p. 2 41 Counties in Texas designated non-attainment or affected. Senate Bill 5 (77th Legislature, 2001) Ch. 386. Texas Emissions Reduction Plan Sec. 386.205. Evaluation Of State Energy Efficiency Programs (with PUC...

  5. Air Pollution Issues of the 1990's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, J. C.

    of 1990 will contain. However, many political and economic battles remain to be fought. Currently, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimates that more than $30 billion a year is being spent to control air pollution in this country (1... or simply air toxics. Like ambient ozone nonattainment, air toxics exemplify the pollution problems of the 1990's. Toxic air emissions often occur in tiny amounts compared to criteria pollutants. The causes and effects can vary dramatically from city...

  6. Development of a Web-based Emissions Reduction Calculator for Code-Compliant Single-Family and Multi-Family Construction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, M.; Gilman, D.; Mukhopadhyay, J.; Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . An important part of this legislation is the State’s energy efficiency program, which includes reductions in energy use and demand that are associated with the adoption of the 2000 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC), which represents one..., and implementation of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC), published in 2000 as amended by the 2001 Supplement (IECC 2000; 2001). In 2001 thirty-eight counties in Texas were designated by the EPA as either non-attainment or affected areas 2...

  7. The current status of the U.S. MTBE industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rose, G.M. [Global Octanes Corp., Houston, TX (United States)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reviews the status of the MTBE industry from its beginnings as a result of the Clean Air Act Amendments and the need for the use of oxygenates in non-attainment areas. During 1990--93 three world scale merchant plants were constructed and in 1994 two more were brought on stream. The paper tabulates reasons why MTBE gained the lion`s share of the oxygenates market. Finally the paper discusses the problems that now plague the industry and their causes.

  8. Regional Transit Plan for the Central Texas State Planning Region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Central Texas Regional Transportation Advisory Group

    . The areas HCTD serves are not non-attainment areas, and HCTD wants to be a part of the solution to keep the area as pollution free as possible. HCTD's efforts include: 1. Use of propane or Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel powered buses in its STS service 2. Use... of Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel fuel powered buses in its FRS service 3. Use of ULSD in all the service fleet that uses diesel fuel 4. Coordination of trips to use the Connector service route to minimize the number of vehicles needed for service to medical...

  9. Energy Efficiency/Renewable Energy Impact in the Texas Emissions Reduction Plan (TERP), Volume III - Appendix, Annual Report to the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, January 2006 - June 2007 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Degelman, L.; Mukhopadhyay, J.; McKelvey, K.; Montgomery, C.; Baltazar-Cervantes, J. C.; Liu, Z.; Ahmed, M.; Verdict, M.; Muns, S.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Gilman, D.; Yazdani, B.; Culp, C.; Haberl, J. S.

    2009-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

    , for individual Single-family an Multi-family residences can be viewed using the links provided in Table 1. For counties other than 41 non-attainment and affected counties, simulations were performed for one representative county per climate zone. The annual... of Houses for each simulation 1-Story (45.5%) 2-Story (54.5%) 1-Story (45.5%) 2-Story (54.5%) Total Precode Energy Use for each option (per house) Code compliant Energy Use for each option (per house) Elec. Use (kWh) NG Use (Therm) Elec. Use (kWh) NG Use...

  10. Energy Efficiency/Renewable Energy Impact in the Texas Emissions Reduction Plan (TERP), Vol. II - Technical Report 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Gilman, D.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Muns, S.; Verdict, M.; Ahmed, M.; Liu, Z.; Baltazar-Cervantes, J. C.; Degelman, L. O.; Turner, W. D.

    2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , the following results were determined for energy-code compliant new residential single- and multi-family construction in non-attainment and affected counties built in 2004: ? The annual savings in 2005 amounted to 348,794 megawatt hours (MWh... would have been 1,799 MWh/day and 1,210 million Btu (MBtu) of natural gas, resulting in peak-OSD NOx emissions reductions of 1.26 tons (2007 eGRID). ? Beginning in 2005, the Laboratory worked with the TCEQ to integrate NOx emissions reductions (i...

  11. Energy Efficiency / Renewable Energy Impact in the Texas Emissions Reduction Plan (TERP), Vol. I – Summary ReportAnnual Report to the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, Sept. 2003 to Aug. 2004 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Gilman, D.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Muns, S.; Verdict, M.; Ahmad, M.; Liu, Z.; Baltazar-Cervantes, J. C.; Bryant, J.; Degelman, L. O.; Turner, W. D.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -family construction in both non-attainment and affected counties built in 2004: ? The annual savings in 2004 amounted to 233,806 megawatt hours (MWh) of electricity and 667,945 million Btus of natural gas. The resultant annual NOx reductions were 346 tons.... ? On the peak day (August 19, 1999, baseline in the historical air quality model), the savings would have been 1,317 MWh/day and 1,148 million Btus of natural gas, resulting in peak-day NOx emissions reductions of 1.89 tons. ? Cumulative NOx reductions...

  12. Energy Efficiency / Renewable Energy Impact in the Texas Emissions Reduction Plan (TERP), Vol. III – AppendixAnnual Report to the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, Sept. 2003 to Aug. 2004 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Gilman, D.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Muns, S.; Verdict, M.; Ahmad, M.; Liu, Z.; Baltazar-Cervantes, J. C.; Bryant, J.; Degelman, L. O.; Turner, W. D.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , the following results were determined for energy-code compliant new residential single and multi-family construction in both non-attainment and affected counties built in 2004. ? The annual savings in 2004 amounted to 233,806 megawatt hours (MWh...) of electricity and 667,945 million Btus of natural gas. The resultant annual NOx reductions were 346 tons. ? On the peak day (August 19, 1999, baseline in the historical air quality model), the savings would have been 1,317 MWh/day and 1,148 million Btus...

  13. 15% Above-Code Energy Efficiency Measures for Commercial Buildings in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.

    efficiency measures. In the pages that follow, 15% above-code measures for new commercial buildings are presented for the 41 non-attainment and affected counties in Texas, separated by climate area. Each page contains a description of the individual....6% $1,718 $18,135 $0 - $0 3 Occupancy Sensors Installation 11.5% $32,242 -3.6% -$576 $31,667 $26,500 - $28,000 4 Shading (none to 2.5 ft overhangs) 1.6% $3,261 2.4% $395 $3,656 $67,900 - $110,000 B HVAC System Measures 5 Cold Deck Reset 5.7% $4...

  14. Airborne Emissions from Storage Tanks: What's New on the Regulatory Front and How to Cope with the Changes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferry, R. L.

    construction typical to EFRT's (built to API Standard 650 Appendix C (8)). The loss factors for EFR1's might have been used at a wind speed level of0 mph, except that the form ofthe EFRT loss factors in the I Third Edition of API Publication 2517 results... nonattainment areas, as well as the Standards ofPerfonnance for New Stationary Sources (NSPS). The storage tank provisions ofthe MACT rules are modelled after NSPS subpart Kb (4). Each of the new MACT rules with storage tank provisions invokes some...

  15. Locomotive emission study. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The work for the report involved the estimation of the air pollution emissions arising from the operation of railroad locomotives in six non-attainment air management basins within California. The six air basins are the Bay Area, the Central Coast (which includes the North Central Coast and the South Central Coast basins), the South Coast, San Diego, San Joaquin, and the Sacramento Valley basins. In addition, the effort involved the development of information about the efficacy and cost of feasible control strategies for locomotive-generated air pollution emissions, for both long and short term implementation.

  16. Energy Efficiency/Renewable Energy Impact in the Texas Emissions Reduction Plan (TERP), Vol. III - Technical Appendix

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baltazar-Cervantes, J. C.; Gilman, D.; Verdict, M.; Yazdani, B.; Ahmed, M.; Muns, S.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Liu, Z.; Turner, W. D.; Degelman, L. O.; Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.

    2006-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    -attainment) counties and the counties in white cells indicate non-attainment counties. The lower part of the table includes the counties in attainment areas with power plants. 2 Rental Car Center Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport 0 5,000 10,000 15..., Hood and Hunt counties in the Dallas – Fort Worth area. 6 The use of the term “fuel neutral” is used signify that several configurations were developed to represent the new construction in a given county. These construction types include...

  17. Areas Participating in the Oxygenated Gasoline Program (Released in the STEO July 1999)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Section 211(m) of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7401-7671q) requires that gasoline containing at least 2.7% oxygen by weight is to be used in the wintertime in those areas of the county that exceed the carbon monoxide National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS). The winter oxygenated gasoline program applies to all gasoline sold in the larger of the Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area (CMSA) or Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) in which the nonattainment area is located.

  18. Exploring the full parameter space for an interacting dark energy model with recent observations including redshift-space distortions: application of the parametrized post-Friedmann approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yun-He; Zhang, Xin

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dark energy can modify the dynamics of dark matter if there exists a direct interaction between them. Thus a measurement of the structure growth, e.g., redshift-space distortions (RSD), can be a powerful tool to constrain the interacting dark energy (IDE) models. For the widely studied $Q=3\\beta H\\rho_{de}$ model, previous works showed that only a very small coupling ($\\beta\\sim\\mathcal{O}(10^{-3})$) can survive in current RSD data. However, all these analyses have to assume $w>-1$ and $\\beta>0$ due to the existence of the large-scale instability in the IDE scenario. In our recent work [Phys.\\ Rev.\\ D {\\bf 90}, 063005 (2014)], we successfully solved this large-scale instability problem by establishing a parametrized post-Friedmann (PPF) framework for the IDE scenario. So we, for the first time, have the ability to explore the full parameter space of the IDE models. In this work, we reexamine the observational constraints on the $Q=3\\beta H\\rho_{de}$ model within the PPF framework. By using the Planck data, th...

  19. De Vakidioot, maandblad Studievereniging AEskwadraat, jaargang 19921993, nr. 3, Utrechts zonnestelsel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutten, Rob

    De Vakidioot, maandblad Studievereniging AEskwadraat, jaargang 1992­1993, nr. 3, p. 7. Utrechts is echter een zon in Utrecht te vinden waarvan je kunt zeggen: dat is 'm nou. De komende viering van het 350 onderneemt voor de viering van haar 350-jarig jubileum rees het idee de stad Utrecht niet alleen te versieren

  20. APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY, July 2006, p. 48714877 Vol. 72, No. 7 0099-2240/06/$08.00 0 doi:10.1128/AEM.00375-06

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blanchette, Robert A.

    of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706,2 USDA Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory, Madison, Wisconsin to be established. The most abundant source of global carbon is plant biomass composed primarily of cellulose supply perox- ide for these reactions, but only GLX appears to be secreted in ligninolytic cultures

  1. AGRICULTURAL REPORT FEBRUARY 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    trading framework. The largest GHG market in the world is the European Union-Emissions Trading Scheme' sulfur diox- ide (SO2) emissions trading program Greenhouse Gas Emissions Offsets from Agriculture and states have enacted policies individually or in cooperation to reduce GHG emissions through an emissions

  2. Energy Syst DOI 10.1007/s12667-009-0008-3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powell, Warren B.

    - siders a group of projects related to Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs). Due to a budget constraint, only, such as the production cost or lifetime for a specific SOFC compo- nent. The collection of updated parameters to Solid Ox- ide Fuel Cells. Although creating an operable SOFC is significantly less challeng- ing than

  3. Estimating ventilation time scales using overturning stream functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Döös, Kristofer

    Estimating ventilation time scales using overturning stream functions Bijoy Thompson & Jonas for estimating ventilation time scales from overturning stream functions is proposed. The stream function may describing an ide- alized semi-enclosed ocean basin ventilated through a narrow strait over a sill

  4. Implementation of a Graphical Modelica Editor with Preserved Source Code Formatting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Implementation of a Graphical Modelica Editor with Preserved Source Code Formatting Tobias A of the same document is often essential. An example of this is Modelica models, where it should be possible of Modelica is the open source platform JModelica.org. It contains the Eclipse-based JModelica.org IDE

  5. LJournal of Alloys and Compounds 334 (2002) 118130 www.elsevier.com/locate/jallcom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Azad, Abdul-Majeed

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LJournal of Alloys and Compounds 334 (2002) 118­130 wwwZrO ) is a value-added ma- jets by aerospace industries [5]. Keeping in line with the3 terial of great relevance reactions, melting and sintering experiments with ox- conductors [8]. ides, non-oxides and precious alloys

  6. Ensemble transform Kalman-Bucy filters Javier Amezcua 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich, Sebastian

    1 Ensemble transform Kalman-Bucy filters Javier Amezcua 1 jamezcua@atmos.umd.edu Kayo Ide 1 2 3 4 Meteorological Society. #12;2 Abstract Two recent works have adapted the Kalman-Bucy filter into an ensemble of these alternatives are discussed. Finally, the performance of our ensemble transform Kalman-Bucy implementations

  7. Uni ed Notation for Data Assimilation: Operational, Sequential and Variational 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ide, Kayo

    . Introduction and motivation Model-based assimilation of observations, or data assimilation for short, has substantial progress in the practical implementation of advanced data-assimilation methods, based on bothUni ed Notation for Data Assimilation: Operational, Sequential and Variational 1 By K. Ide2

  8. Charge transport and chemical sensing properties of organic thin-films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Dengliang

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for the Pt electrode device. In the CoPc/Pd device, anelectrodes (IDE) (5 µm spacing, 50 pair fingers, 50 nm Au, PdPd CoPc/Pt CoPc/Au CoPc/Au From device to device, MPc-metal electrode

  9. The Occurrence of the Moody's Branch Formation at Four Surface Localities Between the Red River and the Brazos River

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pitzer, Carroll Dale

    1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    'idee D- . h - ~h. h Discorbis globule-~s inosa D~d- + d 'll E~d* l *k S~i honina jacksonensis Cushman Cushman Cushman Cushman and App'in Cushman and Applin Family Cassidulanidae Cassidulinoades hower Cushman Family Globe. ge"znadae Glob~i sp...

  10. Public Health Pesticide Inventory IR4/Karl MalamudRoam 4/11/2012 7:22 AM 2 Public Health Pesticide Inventory IR4/Karl MalamudRoam 4/11/2012 7:22 AM 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    stici f Too ide ols fo s or #12; Public Health Pesticide Inventory ©IR4/Karl MalamudRoam 4/11/2012 7:22 AM 2 #12; Public Health Pesticide Inventory ©IR4/Karl MalamudRoam 4/11/2012 7 semiochemicals can be used effectively, safety, and legally for vector control. This inventory of public health

  11. Public Health Pesticide Inventory IR4/Karl MalamudRoam 4/11/2012 9:54 AM 2 Public Health Pesticide Inventory IR4/Karl MalamudRoam 4/11/2012 9:54 AM 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    To stici of ools ide for s #12; Public Health Pesticide Inventory ©IR4/Karl MalamudRoam 4/11/2012 9:54 AM 2 #12; Public Health Pesticide Inventory ©IR4/Karl MalamudRoam 4/11/2012 9. This inventory of public health pesticides is intended to address two primary questions: 1) what chemical tools

  12. Lero-TR-2009-00-20090727.docx 1//i Evolving Critical Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammerton, James

    , for their invaluable comments, suggestions, and feedback, their colleagues in Lero, in particular M. Ali Babar, Goetz, John Hickey, Fergal McCaffery, René Meier, Joseph Morris, Paddy Nixon, Mel � Cinnéide, Claus Pahl, Norah Power, Aaron Quigley, Ita Richardson, Kevin Ryan, Hesham Shokry, David Sinclair, and Xiaofeng Wang

  13. Applied Engineering in Agriculture Vol. 22(4): 597-600 E 2006 American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers ISSN 0883-8542 597

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    He, Brian

    . Application of alkaline catalysts can also lead to undesired soap formation. This study evaluated the alkaline producers. Alkyl oxide solutions of sodium methox- ide (NaOCH3) or potassium methoxide (KOCH3) in metha- nol. Hydrolysis of triglycerides and alkyl esters may occur due to the presence of water, which further leads

  14. Naturwissenschaften in der Galaxie Mit einem Festakt ist das Haus der Astronomie eingeweiht worden, ein neues Kommunikationszentrum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ozean. Von Klaus Tschira stammte die Idee, den Grundriss des Gebäudes an der Form einer Spiralgalaxie zu- warehersteller. Über seine Stiftung ist Klaus Tschira Bauherr des Hauses der Astronomie. Kurz vor Beginn der-Württembergs Wissenschaftsministerin Theresia Bauer und ihre Kollegin vom Kultusressort, Gabriele War- minski-Leitheußer, betonten die

  15. Abschlubericht Mixed Signal Baugruppen 2006/7 Gitarrenverstrker WILDCAT Dynamic Compressor Der WILDCAT Dynamic Compressor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wichmann, Felix

    Abschlußbericht Mixed Signal Baugruppen 2006/7 Gitarrenverstärker WILDCAT Dynamic Compressor Seite 7-1 Der WILDCAT Dynamic Compressor Von René Fischer, Stefan Straube und Henry Westphal #12;Abschlußbericht Mixed Signal Baugruppen 2006/7 Gitarrenverstärker WILDCAT Dynamic Compressor Seite 7-2 Die Idee

  16. CX-011863: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Easts Ide Renovation Project Zone 1-Revision (T-1-11) CX(s) Applied: B2.5, B5.2, B5.4, B5.5 Date: 03/13/2014 Location(s): Wyoming Offices(s): RMOTC

  17. EDITED BY GILBERT CHIN AND MARIA CRUZ EDITORS'CHOICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (MOF) compound can be used to template an ordered microporous form of titanium oxide. They used the MOF of 1-nm pores. The material was impregnated with a metal oxide precursor, titanium(IV) isopropox- ide, nitrogen adsorption-desorption studies revealed that disordered mesopores are present, which probably

  18. On the Buoyancy Forcing and Residual Circulation in the Southern Ocean: The Feedback from Ekman and Eddy Transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Ric

    . De- spite the local uncertainty in air­sea fluxes, Speer and Tziperman (1992) extended this framework of ide- alized and inverse model studies, including the role of eddies (Marshall 1997; Speer et al. 2000 the in- verse studies of Speer et al. (2000) and Sloyan and Rintoul (2001). The surface density flux

  19. Babies Touch, Taste, and Learn: A Guide for Parents.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anonymous,

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TOoe . ZTA245 07 8873 , ~O.I2."~ ) B - 1269 -~abies Touch, .. Taste, and Learn 0') A Gu ide for Parents TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICE Daniel C. Pfannstiel, Director, College Station, Texas A baby learns from...

  20. Infrastructure for distributed enterprise simulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, M.M.; Yoshimura, A.S.; Goldsby, M.E. [and others

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Traditional discrete-event simulations employ an inherently sequential algorithm and are run on a single computer. However, the demands of many real-world problems exceed the capabilities of sequential simulation systems. Often the capacity of a computer`s primary memory limits the size of the models that can be handled, and in some cases parallel execution on multiple processors could significantly reduce the simulation time. This paper describes the development of an Infrastructure for Distributed Enterprise Simulation (IDES) - a large-scale portable parallel simulation framework developed to support Sandia National Laboratories` mission in stockpile stewardship. IDES is based on the Breathing-Time-Buckets synchronization protocol, and maps a message-based model of distributed computing onto an object-oriented programming model. IDES is portable across heterogeneous computing architectures, including single-processor systems, networks of workstations and multi-processor computers with shared or distributed memory. The system provides a simple and sufficient application programming interface that can be used by scientists to quickly model large-scale, complex enterprise systems. In the background and without involving the user, IDES is capable of making dynamic use of idle processing power available throughout the enterprise network. 16 refs., 14 figs.

  1. RANGEAUBURN Durong South

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenslade, Diana

    NETT BURNETT HWY BRUCE HWY ISIS D'AGUILAR THEODORE W IDE ENGLAND BURNETT BRUCE HWY BRUCE HWY HWY ISIS gi Ck Ck Ck Ck Ck Ck R Ck Ck Ck Ck R Boo nara Ck Ck Ck Ck Ck R Ck Ck Ck Ck Ck Ck R R Isis Ck R Gin Ck

  2. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 3955, 2009 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/9/39/2009/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA *now at: Department of Chemistry emission control policies directed to regulation of VOC emissions from diesel and area sources strategies in an urban area are typically directed towards the regulation of nitrogen ox- ides (NOx) and

  3. Biotechnology Letters 26: 10071011, 2004. 2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bae, Jin-Woo

    at a beer brewery wastewater treatment plant in Kwangju, Korea. To enrich the microorganisms degrading metal wastewaters (Tuttle et al. 1969). Metal-containing wastewaters, arising from metal extraction (mainly gold cyanide l-1 (Akcil & Mudder 2003). In the wastewaters, cyan- ide complexes with heavy metals (e.g. copper

  4. (continued on page 10) Part of the school of natural resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

    . A 2003 United Nations report estimates that a billion people lack clean water glob- ally and that two million people die each year due to lack of clean water, mostly chil- dren (approximately 6,000 per day­lIncoln Water center vol. 38, no. 2 summer 2006 7 ...................I.D.ing Research Needs 8

  5. Humboldt Consumer Law Clinic Durch die Humboldt Consumer Law Clinic wird Studierenden ermglicht, Mandanten in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freytag, Johann-Christoph

    Humboldt Consumer Law Clinic Die Idee: Durch die Humboldt Consumer Law Clinic wird Studierenden rechtlich zu beraten. Die Humboldt Consumer Law Clinic bietet Ihnen eine hervorragende Möglichkeit Theorie und Praxis zu verbinden! Das Projekt: Wenn Sie sich für ein Jahr Humboldt Consumer Law Clinic

  6. ABSTRACT A review of the research literature concerning the environmental consequences of increased levels of atmospheric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacob, Bruce

    of 169 glaciers from 1700 to 2000 (4). The princi- pal source of melt energy is solar radiation carbon diox- ide has, however, markedly increased plant growth. Predictions of harmful climatic effects and hydrocarbon energy indus- tries are discussed. SUMMARY Political leaders gathered in Kyoto, Japan, in December

  7. DAILY SYNOPTIC U P P E R -A I R REPORTS The upper-air reports are derived in the same general

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of pressure, comonly known as the "second transmission." Many stations outs-ide North America indicate). Method of Presentation: 8 - Surface The upper-air data are presented in the same general way. To the right of each line of the listed observations is 9 - 200 meters 0 - 500 meters I - 1000 meters 2 - 2000

  8. 14 ieee power & energy magazine may/june 2013 Hugh Rudnick and Andrea Rudnick

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

    to reduce their emissions. the energy-related carbon diox- ide (Co2) emission represents the bulk of global of electricity and heat was responsible for 41% (12 GtCo2) of world Co2 emis- sions, while transportation but are environmental and social. In the 1930s, the social challenges in electric- ity development were those of failing

  9. 3232 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING, VOL. 62, NO. 12, JUNE 15, 2014 Optimal Energy Allocation for Energy Harvesting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulukus, Sennur

    transmission with an energy har- vesting transmitter that has hybrid energy storage with a perfect super-capacitor that super-capacitors can store energy nearly ide- ally; however, they suffer from low energy storage the energy storage efficiency is to augment a super-ca- pacitor (SC) to the existing battery and obtain

  10. The Manually Annotated Sub-Corpus: A Community Resource For and By the People

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ide, Nancy

    of Computer Science Vassar College Poughkeepsie, NY, USA ide@cs.vassar.edu Collin Baker International Computer Street Journal corpus known as the Penn Treebank (Mar- cus et al., 1993), which over the years has been". However, like the Wall Street Journal corpus, OntoNotes is limited in the range of genres it includes

  11. KV-tOOJHfe Metallurgy Department

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    »KV-tOOJHfe RisB-R-547 Metallurgy Department Progress Report for the Period 1 January to 31 December 1986 Risř National Laboratory, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark April 1987 #12;Risř-R-547 METALLURGY.B. BiIde-Sřrensen Abstract. The activities of the Metallurgy Department at Risř during 1986

  12. UniversitrioUFSC -Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina 991295/2006-DR/SC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Floeter, Sergio Ricardo

    parceria entre o Laboratório de Energia Solar da UFSC, Eletrosul e Instituto Ide- al. Já a aluna Aline Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento, a univer- sidade ganhou o prêmio Green Project pelo projeto Megawatt Solar: geração solar fotovoltaica integrada a uma edi- ficação inserida em meio urbano e co- nectada à rede

  13. Die Civil Academy ist ein gemeinsames Programm von BBE und BP Europa SE. Trger und Veranstalter der Civil Academy ist die BBE Geschftsstelle gemeinntzige GmbH.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reyle, Uwe

    Die Civil Academy ist ein gemeinsames Programm von BBE und BP Europa SE. Träger und Veranstalter der Civil Academy ist die BBE Geschäftsstelle gemeinnützige GmbH. Ausschreibung der 18. Civil Academy Civil Academy ­ Gutes auch gut tun! Du willst mit einer kreativen Idee die Welt zum Besseren verändern

  14. TOWARDS INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS FOR LANGUAGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ide, Nancy

    ) developed by the International Standards Organization TC32 SC4, which is to serve as a basis for harmonizing. It is in this context that a committee of the International Standards Organization (ISO), TC 37/SC 4Chapter # TOWARDS INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS FOR LANGUAGE RESOURCES Nancy Ide and Laurent Romary

  15. TOWARDS INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS FOR LANGUAGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ) developed by the International Standards Organization TC32 SC4, which is to serve as a basis for harmonizingChapter # TOWARDS INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS FOR LANGUAGE RESOURCES Nancy Ide and Laurent Romary-284" #12;2 Chapter # Language Engineering Standards (EAGLES) and the International Standard for Language

  16. CCSF Lunch Summary Distributed Energy Systems Research for a Low Carbon Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Angenent, Lars T.

    studies on infrastructure planning for the smart grids, linkage between the agricultural, the electric further introduced the smart grid concepts, a key enabling technology for iDES, and various initiativesDES and the smart grid concepts will be able to bring together researchers with expertise in engineering

  17. CONTROLLED WILD ALGEBRAS AND WILD HIROSHI NAGASE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bielefeld, University of

    CONTROLLED WILD ALGEBRAS AND ø­WILD ALGEBRAS HIROSHI NAGASE Dedicated to Professor Yukio Tsushima are dev­ ided into two disjoint classes by Drozd's Tame and Wild dichotomy (see [4] and [2]). In [2 ø is Auslander­Reiten translation. The contraposition of the conjecture says that any wild algebra

  18. DOI 10.1007/s11081-013-9226-6 A mixed-integer nonlinear program for the optimal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the system include lead-acid batteries, photovoltaic cells, solid ox- ide fuel cells, heat exchangers integer restrictions, and modeling the variable electric efficiency of the fuel cells and the variable power using non-renewable technologies such as reciprocating engines, microturbines, and fuel cells

  19. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 39854000, 2012 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/12/3985/2012/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    are directed at limiting the emissions of sulfur diox- ide (SO2) which forms acid rain (harmful to ecosystems rate similar to that of scrubbers. Uncertainties among current observations demonstrate there is a need) the efficacy of scrubbers for the removal of particulate matter by size and composition. 1 Introduction

  20. Mid-infrared reflectance spectra and optical constants of six iron oxide/oxyhydroxide phases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glotch, Timothy D.

    iron oxide/oxyhydrox- ide phases--magnetite, maghemite, goethite, lepidocrocite, akaganéite). Synthetic nano- crystalline samples of maghemite, goethite, lepidocrocite, akaganéite, and ferrihydrite were are all derived from nanocystalline synthetic powders and include maghemite (c-Fe2O3), goethite (a

  1. ATOMIC-LAYER-DEPOSITED ALUMINUM OXIDE FOR THE SURFACE PASSIVATION OF HIGH-EFFICIENCY SILICON SOLAR CELLS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ATOMIC-LAYER-DEPOSITED ALUMINUM OXIDE FOR THE SURFACE PASSIVATION OF HIGH-EFFICIENCY SILICON SOLAR to those measured on reference cells passivated by an aluminum-annealed thermal SiO2, while those of the Al of aluminum ox- ide (Al2O3) grown by atomic layer deposition (ALD) pro- vide an excellent level of sur

  2. 25-8-2010 Opleidingsintroductie WB 1 Opleiding Werktuigbouwkunde (WB)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boucherie, Richard J.

    ;27-8-2014Opleidingsintroductie WB 2 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING / SUSTAINABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGY Bij de Universiteit Twente Onderdeel (IDE) Mechanical Engineering (ME) Sustainable Energy Technology (SET) Gebouw de Horst Dezelfde Pre-master / DSM #12;27-8-2014Opleidingsintroductie WB 3 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING / SUSTAINABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGY

  3. Estimation of the carbon monoxide emissions due to Sandia National Laboratories commuter and on-base traffic for conformity determination

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McClellan, Y. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Royer, R. [New Mexico Univ., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Dept. of Biochemistry

    1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the analysis and conclusion of an investigation of the carbon monoxide emissions resulting from Sandia National Laboratories and Department of Energy (DOE) commuter and on-base traffic for the Clean Air Act (CAA) Conformity Determination. Albuquerque/Bernalillo County was classified as a nonattainment area by the Environmental Protection Agency. Nonattainment area is an area which is shown by monitored data or which is calculated by air quality modeling to exceed any National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) for the pollutant. Albuquerque/Bernalillo County exceeds the NAAQS for carbon monoxide and ozone. The Conformity Determination was needed to complete the CAA Title V Permitting process for SNL and the DOE. The analysis used the EPA approved MOBILE5a Carbon Monoxide (CO) emissions modeling program. This analysis will provide a baseline for mobile sources to allow Sandia to estimate any future activity and how that activity will impact CO emissions. The General Conformity Rule (AQCR 43) requires that operations which will increase CO emissions in nonattaimnent or maintenance areas such as Bernalillo County undergo conformity analyses to determine whether or not they will impact ambient air quality in the area.

  4. A Coupled System of Integrodifferential Equations Arising in Liquidity Risk Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pham, Huyen, E-mail: pham@math.jussieu.fr; Tankov, Peter [Universites Paris 6-Paris 7, Laboratoire de Probabilites et Modeles Aleatoires, CNRS, UMR 7599 (France)], E-mail: tankov@math.jussieu.fr

    2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the mathematical aspects of the portfolio/consumption choice problem in a market model with liquidity risk introduced in (Pham and Tankov, Math. Finance, 2006, to appear). In this model, the investor can trade and observe stock prices only at exogenous Poisson arrival times. He may also consume continuously from his cash holdings, and his goal is to maximize his expected utility from consumption. This is a mixed discrete/continuous time stochastic control problem, nonstandard in the literature. We show how the dynamic programming principle leads to a coupled system of Integro-Differential Equations (IDE), and we prove an analytic characterization of this control problem by adapting the concept of viscosity solutions. This coupled system of IDE may be numerically solved by a decoupling algorithm, and this is the topic of a companion paper (Pham and Tankov, Math. Finance, 2006, to appear)

  5. Rheological characterization of storage and loss moduli and relaxation moduli of thin-film polymers exposed to low earth orbit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrow, Darwin Allan

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    FOR EACH TRAY LOCATION 10 " Q U C 10" Q ROW 9 516E 21 6. 70E 21 8 II 7 78E+21 R 0 IDE 21 '1200 21 12 6 30E ~ 19 122E ~ 17 I 80E 13 I I 370019 R 2 4DBE D5 0 32E ~ 21 9 7 74E+21 Rd 0 6 03E+21 ~~E d Vl 8000 SE d 3 04E 2D 3. 71 E...+03 3 3 34E ~ 03 R 4 2. 99E+05 0. 07E 21 8 0 003E+00 0 R 3. 10E 23 \\ 09E 13 I. IDE 21 4038 10 771E+IS 10 20 10 X O 1 0 V E 0 C(10" ROW 6 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 Days Figure 4: Atomic oxygen fluence during the LDEF mission t2 '!i...

  6. Environments of deposition and diagenesis of the Jurassic Upper Smackover Formation in the Lincoln Parish area, Louisiana 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palko, Gregory Jonathan

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and intraclastic grainstones, argillaceous, dolomitic mudstones to wackestones with nodular anhydrite stringers, and some mas- sive, bioturbated litharenites, graded litharenites, silt- stones and shales. The two shoaling upwards grainstone cycles that were... is present between the cycles i . +he landward core. I+ is a +idal lat microfacies on the lee o. the island ti at develoved during deposition of the "z lime" or lower shoaling cycle. inter-'idee trough or salt withdrawal basin in the southern vast of +he...

  7. Changes in niacin content produced by nickel-chloride in a rust susceptible wheat and oat variety

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lacy, Logan Wayne

    1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ONANNES IN NIACIN CONTENT PRODUOE9 BT NICKEL-CNLORIBE IN k RSST SOSOEPTIBLE NNEST SNB OST VSRXETT k Thesis Suhnitted to the Graduate School of the SSricultural and Nechanical Collage- of Tunas in partial fulfillment of the requireneat.... d typical standard curve for tha growth of 17-5 f Idee b ill d l . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . 12 I, The affeot of nickel-chloride sprays on niacin content of 131 wheat conpared to controls at thre~ ages4 ~ 4 ~ ~ 4...

  8. Single domain strain relaxed PrScO3 template on miscut substrates C. M. Folkman, R. R. Das, and C. B. Eoma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eom, Chang Beom

    , PrScO3, on miscut 001 SrTiO3 and 001 LaAlO3 0.3­ Sr2AlTaO3 0.7 substrates by pulsed laser deposition the performance of ox- ide devices.1­3 The lattice parameters of REScO3 substrates can be tuned with the selection of high melting temperatures.3 These unavailable REScO3's allow us to study transition temperature versus

  9. The Syntactical Effects of Compounding Verbs With Prepositions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grant, Mary A.

    1914-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    the dat- ive. These are accido, desum, inhio, impendeo, intersum, occurro, obsum, praecurro, praesideo, praesum, prosum, suc- curro, suppeto, supersum; contingo, ignosco, impero, in- video, obsisto, obtingo, permitto, prospicio, provideo. The last nine..., impono, inicio, iniuro, impero, (with accusative and dative) instituo, impertio, intersum, obsum, occurro, obsisto, ob- 39 tingo, oppono, obicio, praecurro, prae sum, prae s idee, pros — picio, provideo, prosum, propono, succurro, suppeto, sub- icio...

  10. Reactions of Group 4 Metal Cyclopentadienyl Trifluorides with a Trimeric Iminoalane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Müller, Peter

    dissolved (Scheme 1). The color change is typical for nitrogen-containing titanium compounds and for Ti 3, 1998 Summary: Reaction of CpMF3 (M ) Ti, Zr) with [MeAlN(2,6-iPr2C6H3)]3 leads to fluorine-nitrogen, respectively, is possible using aluminum compounds. Recently, we reported on adducts of a titanium fluor- ide

  11. The effect of temperature and relative humidity levels upon charcoal tube sampling for vinyl choloride

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCaskill, Gerald Daniel

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    their cooperation, this research would not have been possible. I also wish to express my appreciation to the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health which prov ided an educational grant. DEDICATION To Ann, Your love, words of encouragement... of their employees from angiosarcoma to prolonged vinyl chloride monomer (UCM) exposure. (I) The government immediately stepped in, and by Febr uary 1974, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) had issued a set of recommendations...

  12. KWIC [KWiCFinder homepage] [WebKWIC homepage] [WebCorp

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sekine, Satoshi

    WEB KWIC WEB WEB KWIC [KWiCFinder homepage] [WebKWIC homepage] [WebCorp homepage] WEB KWIC [ 2003] WEB IDE 32 G KWIC 350G WEB 100 2 cdb 40 KWIC WEB WEB NTCIR Web Retrieval Task 100G 1100 [Eguchi et. al 2002] WEB WEB Yahoo! Japan UNIX GNU Wget WEB html,htm txt robots.txt 3500 1 G G 1 #12;KWIC ( ) 1 40 1TB

  13. Water Rights Analysis Package (WRAP) Modeling System Programming Manual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wurbs, R.; Hoffpauir, R.

    2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    WRAP interface program was developed as a Fortran QuickWin application. SIM simulates the river/reservoir water allocation/management/use system for input sequences of monthly naturalized flows and net evaporation rates. (Chapter 2) SIMD (D for daily... management, and other utility functions. Many different Fortran compiler/IDE packages are sold by various companies. The WRAP programs are in standard Fortran that can be compiled with the various compilers. The compiler, linker, and development...

  14. Supplement 23, Part 6, Section C. Treatment, Parasite-Subject Catalogue, Subject Headings and Treatment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Shirley J.; Hood, Martha W.; Shaw, Judith H.; Rayburn, Jane D.; Kirby, Margie D.; Hanfman, Deborah T.; Zidar, Judith A.

    -imida- zolin-2-yl)-4'-[(p-4-methyl- 2 -imidazolin-2-yl) phenyl]carbamoyl]-carbani1ide-dimethanesul- phonate. Hoechst 2910. See Benoxafos. WR 2,975. See Primaquine. WR 2,976. See Quinine. WR 2978. See Pyrimethamine. Hoe 2982. See Heptenophos. 3024... (5), 735-744 trypanocidal activity of antitumor anti- biotics and other metabolic inhibitors, microtest for rapid preliminary assay in vitro, parasite motility and infectivity for mice are indexes respectively of respi- ration and glycolysis...

  15. & S c i e n c e Service Feature Released on r e c e i p t

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    & S c i e n c e Service Feature Released on r e c e i p t but intendod ' f o r usi September 13!iority on Meteorology MANY-3 IDED LUEXOROLOGY_-- -- bleteorology, t h e science of t h e atmosphere and i t s phenomena, i s much broader ii1 i t s scope than most poople imagine, t r e a t i s e s on t h e s u b j e c

  16. The effect of gaseous environments on selected microbiological and chemical attributes of broiler carcasses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatley, Sandra Eugenia

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    also could be extended by using vinylidene chloride vinylchlor- ide copolymer film for packages. Thomson (1970) evaluated fresh fryers packaged in either high (polyethylene) or low (vinylidene) gas permeable film which contained either a carbon... days. The average storage periods in which fryers treated with 0, 10, 20, or 40 ppm chlortetracycline developed off odors were 11. 6, 17. 6, 18. 4 and 18. 9 days respectively (Ziegler and Stadleman, 1955a). Carlin et al. (1957) reported...

  17. Feature selection for automatic solder joint inspection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Cheng-Cheng

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    - heating Wave Soldering Drag Soldering Post- soldering Cleaning Inspection and Testing Vapor So Ide ring Fig. 2. 3 Typical Soldering Process 12 (5) simplicity of repair, (6) visual inspectability. The first three properties depend upon both.../testing after the soldering. Good joints after inspection can be sent to the testing process directly, while bad joints should be returned to be touched up by the operator. The types of test depend upon the product. For a typical PC board, electrical test...

  18. US refiners choose variety of routes to MTBE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rhodes, A.K.

    1992-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports that refiners and merchant manufacturers in the U.S. are gearing up to produce the large volumes of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) needed to comply with oxygenated gasoline requirements. The 1990 U.S. Clean Air Act Amendments specify that, as of the first of this coming November, gasoline containing a minimum of 2.7 wt % oxygen must be sold in 39 CO-nonattainment cities. Refiners and others are scurrying to bring MTBE capacity on line in time to meet this requirement. Many U.S. refiners already have some operating MTBE capacity, but this will not be nearly enough to meet the looming increase in demand. As a result, additional capacity is being constructed worldwide.

  19. In pursuit of clean air: a data book of problems and strategies at the state level. Volume 3: Federal Regions IV and VI

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garvey, D.B.; Streets, D.G.

    1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the third volume of a five-volume report, designed to provide useful information for policy analysis in the Department of Energy, especially for the examination of possible areas of conflict between the implementation of a national energy policy calling for the increased use of coal and the pursuit of clean air. Information is presented for each state in Federal Regions IV and VI under the following section headings: state title page (includes a summary of air quality data); revised state implementation plan outline; maps of nonattainment areas, as designated; Storage and Retrieval of Aerometric Data (SAROAD); SAROAD data maps; power plant data; power plant maps; and county maps. States in Federal Region IV include: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee. Those in Federal Region VI include: Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas. (JGB)

  20. In pursuit of clean air: a data book of problems and strategies at the state level. Volume 2. Federal Regions I, II, and III

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garvey, D.B.; Streets, D.G.

    1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1977 and EPA regulations set up stringent requirements for the control of emissions in areas where the National Ambient Air Quality Standards were being exceeded. Implementation plans have been devised by the various states for the attainment of those standards. This second volume of the five-volume series presents outlines of the plans in Federal Regions I, II, and III and maps of the nonattainment status of counties and subcounty areas in each state. Federal Region I consists of the following states: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont. Federal Region II is made up of New Jersey and New York; Federal Region III is composed of Delaware, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia. (JGB)

  1. NOx emissions retrofit at Reliant Energy, W.A. Parish Generating Station, Unit 7: Achieving 0.15 lb/MBtu

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gessner, T.M.; Hoh, R.H.; Ray, B.; Dorazio, T.; Jennings, P.; Sikorski, K.

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The current Clean Air Act (CAA), Title 1 regulations require States to develop implementation plans (SIPs) which address NO{sub x} emissions as part of the ozone non-attainment requirements. The EPA has recommended NO{sub x} limits of 0.15 lb/MBtu for utility boilers. In this paper, Reliant Energy and ABB C-E Services, Inc. will discuss a project where 0.15 lb NO{sub x}/MBtu can be achieved with the TFS 2000{trademark} R firing system and highly reactive Powder River Basin (PRB) fuels. Reliant Energy will retrofit their W.A. Parish Unit 7 with this system in the first quarter of 1999. This is part of Reliant Energy's drive to lower NO{sub x} emissions and meet future air quality requirements at the W.Q. Parish station.

  2. EPA`s proposed renewable oxygenate requirement (ROR): Pros and cons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Czeskleba, H.M. [Ashland Petroleum Co., KY (United States)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    In December 1993, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) released its final rule that sets for the details for requirements to sell reformulated gasoline (RFG) in certain ozone non-attainment areas. At the same time, EPA also issued a proposed rule to require that 30% of the oxygen required in RFG be based on a renewable oxygenate. Renewables include ethanol and its ether derivatives such as ethyl tertiary butyl ether (ETBE). The RFG rule is a final rule, while the Renewable Oxygenate Requirement (ROR) rule is a proposed rule yet to be finalized and subject to revision. Included in this paper are brief reviews of Ashland petroleum Company`s ethanol usage, oxygenated fuel and reformulated gasoline blending economics, and some comments on the EPA proposed renewable oxygenate requirement.

  3. Environmental protection and regulatory compliance at the Elk Hills Field

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chappelle, H.H. (BCM Engineers, Inc., Plymouth Meeting, PA (United States)); Donahoe, R.L. (Bechtel Petroleum Operations, Inc., Tupman, CA (United States)); Kato, T.T. (EG and G Energy Measurements, Inc., Las Vegas, NV (United States)); Ordway, H.E. (Chevron U.S.A., Inc., San Francisco, CA (United States))

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Environmental protection has played an integral role in the development and operation of the Elk Hills field since production at the maximum efficient rate was authorized in 1976. The field is located in a non-attainment area for California and National Ambient Air Quality Standards for two criteria pollutants and their associated precursors, is home to four endangered species, and operates within the California regulatory framework. Environmental protection and regulatory compliance is a multi-faceted program carried out through a substantial commitment of resources and workforce involvement. This paper describes the actions taken and resources employed to protect the environment, specific technologies and projects implement, and the ongoing nature of these efforts at Elk Hills.

  4. Environmental protection and regulatory compliance at the Elk Hills Field

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chappelle, H.H. [BCM Engineers, Inc., Plymouth Meeting, PA (United States); Donahoe, R.L. [Bechtel Petroleum Operations, Inc., Tupman, CA (United States); Kato, T.T. [EG and G Energy Measurements, Inc., Las Vegas, NV (United States); Ordway, H.E. [Chevron U.S.A., Inc., San Francisco, CA (United States)

    1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Environmental protection has played an integral role in the development and operation of the Elk Hills field since production at the maximum efficient rate was authorized in 1976. The field is located in a non-attainment area for California and National Ambient Air Quality Standards for two criteria pollutants and their associated precursors, is home to four endangered species, and operates within the California regulatory framework. Environmental protection and regulatory compliance is a multi-faceted program carried out through a substantial commitment of resources and workforce involvement. This paper describes the actions taken and resources employed to protect the environment, specific technologies and projects implement, and the ongoing nature of these efforts at Elk Hills.

  5. Kentucky Department for Natural Resources and Environmental Protection permit application for air contaminant source: SRC-I demonstration plant, Newman, Kentucky. Appendix D. Impact assessment. [Demonstration plant at Newman, KY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    1980-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

    In appendix D, the air quality condition for various pollutants in the areas surrounding the proposed demonstration plant site is given with respect to attainment or non-attainment of US EPA regulations. The minimum pollutant emission rates for these regulated and for several other pollutants are given. Then the estimated emission rates from the proposed plant are given for a dozen pollutants which exceed these limits and therefore require an ambient air quality analysis. This involves taking into account the estimated emission of these pollutants from the proposed plant and from other sources in the surrounding area. Finally, background data from the surrounding area including meteorological data and sampling of regulated pollutants are given. (LTN)

  6. Polymerization of MIP-1 chemokine (CCL3 and CCL4) and clearance of MIP-1 by insulin-degrading enzyme

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ren, Min; Guo, Qing; Guo, Liang; Lenz, Martin; Qian, Feng; Koenen, Rory R.; Xu, Hua; Schilling, Alexander B.; Weber, Christian; Ye, Richard D.; Dinner, Aaron R.; Tang, Wei-Jen (IIT); (Aachen); (UC); (UIC)

    2010-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Macrophage inflammatory protein-1 (MIP-1), MIP-1{alpha} (CCL3) and MIP-1{beta} (CCL4) are chemokines crucial for immune responses towards infection and inflammation. Both MIP-1{alpha} and MIP-1{beta} form high-molecular-weight aggregates. Our crystal structures reveal that MIP-1 aggregation is a polymerization process and human MIP-1{alpha} and MIP-1{beta} form rod-shaped, double-helical polymers. Biophysical analyses and mathematical modelling show that MIP-1 reversibly forms a polydisperse distribution of rod-shaped polymers in solution. Polymerization buries receptor-binding sites of MIP-1{alpha}, thus depolymerization mutations enhance MIP-1{alpha} to arrest monocytes onto activated human endothelium. However, same depolymerization mutations render MIP-1{alpha} ineffective in mouse peritoneal cell recruitment. Mathematical modelling reveals that, for a long-range chemotaxis of MIP-1, polymerization could protect MIP-1 from proteases that selectively degrade monomeric MIP-1. Insulin-degrading enzyme (IDE) is identified as such a protease and decreased expression of IDE leads to elevated MIP-1 levels in microglial cells. Our structural and proteomic studies offer a molecular basis for selective degradation of MIP-1. The regulated MIP-1 polymerization and selective inactivation of MIP-1 monomers by IDE could aid in controlling the MIP-1 chemotactic gradient for immune surveillance.

  7. On the decay of radioactive isotopes Sm153 and Sm155

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goines, Oscar T

    1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    plotted i'or protons between 2= 50 aad 82 and for neutrons between 5 = 82 and 12d. 9 In order to obtain tbe auclear spies ptedicted by theory, tbs states have co be filled successively. gash state is occupied by aot aors than tuo nucleons. lhe...-life were assigned Co Sa 155 and those of 47 hours to Sn . Figure 7 gives erne idee o! che 153 106 Ker 70 Channe? Su+her (einteen ohangyI unite) FIGURE 6 G~PECTRUM OF Bm kMD Sm 6 163 70 Ker I l / \\ / I / / l 142 Ker Channel Husker (aixtsen...

  8. The role of heat storage in the soil in the energy balance of a greenhouse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadler, Edward John

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Oepartvient y I'a/Tiber I l'lay 1978 ABSTRACT THE ROLE OF HEPT STORAGE IN THE SOIi IN THE ENERGY BALANCE OF A GREENHOUSE. (Hay 1978) Edward John Sadler, B. S. , University of Hissouri Chairman of Advisory Committee: Or. C . H . ii. van Bavel A number o... f simulation models of greenhouses have been developed, but the authors differ in their opinion of the significance of the heat, storaae and its effects on the physical environment ins. ide the greenhouse. These opinions are reflected...

  9. Antigenic analysis of the genus Aeromonas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rao, Vijaya Balusu

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . foa d th ide tical '0' antigen in a C27 strain of Ferguson and Henderson and in Pseudomonas ~shi elloides (21). In 1959 Saks aki et al. suggest d th epithet ~sh( lloid s as ot ppropriate for the reason that ot all st aine of this group were related... that their strains of Prot us elanovorlenes (A. ~h dro bile) caused de th in mice and Guinea pigs within 24 hours by intraperitonial injection. Acute septicemia was observed in these animals. Culture filtrates were toxic to mice. These authors first isolated...

  10. Devlopman ki soti nan baz nan peyi dayiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maguire, Robert E.

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    bagay kon sa rive : se paske travay sa yo fčt san patisipasyon popilasyon lokal la. Lekol an Ayiti a rete vid f paske moun nan zhn nan pa soufri pou fč li. PetVt se pat yon priorité pou yo. Petčt yo pat janm konsilte yo avan yo bâti li • Si bagay... soti nan baz la , IAP bay kVb pou yon seri etid sou oganis prive pou devlopman lokal, li mima te ide fonde . IAF gin espoua eiperyans li ap kapab itil pou lit čganis angaje nan batay pou devlopman. ITan etid sa-a , Sganis ki pou fasilite devlopman...

  11. Contribution of seasonal sub-Antarctic surface water variability to millennial-scale changes in atmospheric CO2over the last deglaciation and Marine Isotope Stage 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gottschalk, Julia; Skinner, Luke C.; Waelbroeck, Claire

    2014-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    - nate ion (CO2?3 ) concentration, photosynthetic symbiont activity changes in the isotopic composition of the foraminifer’s diet r example (e.g. Bemis et al., 2000; Spero and Lea, 1996). Win- r upwelling in the Southern Ocean supplies additional... of Bemis et al. (1998) (13-chambered G. bul- ides) and Mulitza et al. (2003) (N. pachyderma s.) (Fig. 3). Plank- nic ?18Opred has been calculated based on seawater-?18O af- r Schmidt et al. (1999) and seasonal SST extracted from WOA 09 (Locarnini et al...

  12. Supersymmetry and B_s, DO, and Aleph i

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordon Chalmers

    2006-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Current results from the D0 exp indicate the presence of an oscillation not explained by the currently accepted theory. An explanation is offered based on a combination of low-energy 'sring${}^{1/n}$' and 'particle' dynamics. The dynamics are described by extremely accurate nuclear mass data (unpublished 2006 and \\cite{Chalmers1}) in accord with substringy dynamics (in progress, primary). An event is analyzed with emphasis on particle Iding, their dynamics and interactions, with implications for/by graviton(ino) with low-energy phenomenology. Analysis is provided towards enhancing the experimental apparatus, in computation and hardware, and should be numerically simulated for further safety before implementation.

  13. The effects of phosphorous donor ligand substitution on the reactivity of anionic group 6 transition metal carbonyl hydrides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lusk, Richard Jay

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in THP, followed by protonation with methanol, gave rise to a new group of chromium and tungsten hydrides, 7 HM(CO) P . The importance of the P-substituted hydr ides is enhanced 4 reactivity as well as the possibility of selective hydride transfer... found to be similar to those of the unsubstituted tungsten hydride. Reaction of this phosphite hydride with HC1, HOAc 7 (acetic acid), or phenol results in formation of W(CO)&(OAc)P(OMe) W(CO)&P(OMe) Cl , and (u-H)W (CO)S(P(OMe) ) , respectively...

  14. The Holmesian Federation Issue 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multiple Contributors

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dana Martin Batory M6 ELEMENTARY, MY DEAR GOLLUM Cathy Siemann 55 THE ADVENTURE Or THE HISSING MONOLITH Eileen Roy 63 ARTISTS Signe Landon: front cover, p. 59, 71, 86, back cover (Peter Cushing as Holmes) Gloria-Ann Rovelstad: p. 10, 15 Melody Rondeau... and adversity had cleanly left their markAnd there were signs of agitation that had left her pale and wan, t.^ugh she certainly made an effort at composure before us. Holmes made her rfratfr?oblheiP syrcf"chair and Hrs-Hudson kindiy p™ided *«• «i,-HHhM? ;|he "d...

  15. Antigenic analysis of the genus Aeromonas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rao, Vijaya Balusu

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . foa d th ide tical '0' antigen in a C27 strain of Ferguson and Henderson and in Pseudomonas ~shi elloides (21). In 1959 Saks aki et al. suggest d th epithet ~sh( lloid s as ot ppropriate for the reason that ot all st aine of this group were related... that their strains of Prot us elanovorlenes (A. ~h dro bile) caused de th in mice and Guinea pigs within 24 hours by intraperitonial injection. Acute septicemia was observed in these animals. Culture filtrates were toxic to mice. These authors first isolated...

  16. Supply-Side Planning in Texas--Past, Present and Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, H. L. Jr.

    as mature. The equipment is ide1y available at a reasonable cost. It is a roven technology and presents fewer risks than a y of the other alternate power production methods. An alternative to building new power J1ants is to extend the life and upgrade... programs can add 25 to "30 years to a plant's life, at a cost of $150 to $20 per kilowatt, about a fifth the cost of a new coal plant, in one-tenth the time it takes to bu "ld a new plant. Utilities that have unde taken upgrading programs...

  17. T h e U n i v e r s i T y o f G e o r G i a www.coe.uga.edu/events

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    T h e U n i v e r s i T y o f G e o r G i a www.coe.uga.edu/events The University of Georgia@uga.edu or Melanie Baer ­ mbaer@uga.edu www.coe.uga.edu/events FREE FREE OnE Day wORkshOP DEsIgnED FOR tORs, aDMInIstRatORs, anD anyOnE ELsE COnCERnED wIth PROvIDIng thE hIghEst quaLIty REaDIng in

  18. History, Development, and Modern Applications of the Cyanide Process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cone, Victor M.

    1906-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    " 8-10 process of Pelatan)Clerici -10 process of Siemans-Halske 11 CHEMISTRY OF THE CYANIDE PROCESS. 12-30 Decomposition of Cyanide 13 Reaction in the Zinc Boxes 14 Action of KCn on Metallic Salts and Minerals Occuring in Ores 17 - 18 Action... more feebly. He noticed the influ- ence of air on the reaction. In 1844, L. Eisner published the results of his experiments on the reactions of • reguline metals • in an aquous solution of cyan­ ide. He found that gold and silver were dissolved...

  19. Combustion turbine emissions issues for air permit applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Macak, J.J. III; Schott, G.A. [Westinghouse Electric Corp., Orlando, FL (United States). Power Generation Projects Division

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Power generation from combustion turbines continues to be a significant new energy source. These power projects may be either simple-cycle peaking units or combined-cycle applications in which exhaust heat is recovered to generate steam for export (cogeneration facility) and power generation (steam turbine generator). While combustion turbines represent one of the cleanest forms of power generation, regulatory agencies have identified them as significant sources of air pollution. Both new sources and existing combustion turbine installations are receiving increasing attention at federal, state, and local levels. Before construction can begin on a new combustion turbine facility, an air permit authorizing construction must first be obtained. The air permitting process is generally the ``critical path`` permit, often taking in excess of two years to receive the final approval. The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 also impact existing units due to the non-attainment provisions of the Act and the Title 5 nationwide operating permit program. Careful consideration of combustion turbine operational characteristics and air pollutant emissions will expedite air permitting. This paper addresses specific issues related to combustion turbine emissions and the air permitting process. Guidelines for addressing many considerations are provided in order to secure an air permit that allows maximum flexibility in plant operation.

  20. ZERO EMISSION POWER GENERATION TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ronald Bischoff; Stephen Doyle

    2005-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Clean Energy Systems (CES) was previously funded by DOE's ''Vision 21'' program. This program provided a proof-of-concept demonstration that CES' novel gas generator (combustor) enabled production of electrical power from fossil fuels without pollution. CES has used current DOE funding for additional design study exercises which established the utility of the CES-cycle for retrofitting existing power plants for zero-emission operations and for incorporation in zero-emission, ''green field'' power plant concepts. DOE funding also helped define the suitability of existing steam turbine designs for use in the CES-cycle and explored the use of aero-derivative turbines for advanced power plant designs. This work is of interest to the California Energy Commission (CEC) and the Norwegian Ministry of Petroleum & Energy. California's air quality districts have significant non-attainment areas in which CES technology can help. CEC is currently funding a CES-cycle technology demonstration near Bakersfield, CA. The Norwegian government is supporting conceptual studies for a proposed 40 MW zero-emission power plant in Stavager, Norway which would use the CES-cycle. The latter project is called Zero-Emission Norwegian Gas (ZENG). In summary, current engineering studies: (1) supported engineering design of plant subsystems applicable for use with CES-cycle zero-emission power plants, and (2) documented the suitability and availability of steam turbines for use in CES-cycle power plants, with particular relevance to the Norwegian ZENG Project.

  1. Prototyping the Semantics of a DSL using ASF+SDF: Link to Formal Verification of DSL Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andova, Suzana; Engelen, Luc; 10.4204/EPTCS.56.5

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A formal definition of the semantics of a domain-specific language (DSL) is a key prerequisite for the verification of the correctness of models specified using such a DSL and of transformations applied to these models. For this reason, we implemented a prototype of the semantics of a DSL for the specification of systems consisting of concurrent, communicating objects. Using this prototype, models specified in the DSL can be transformed to labeled transition systems (LTS). This approach of transforming models to LTSs allows us to apply existing tools for visualization and verification to models with little or no further effort. The prototype is implemented using the ASF+SDF Meta-Environment, an IDE for the algebraic specification language ASF+SDF, which offers efficient execution of the transformation as well as the ability to read models and produce LTSs without any additional pre or post processing.

  2. Short time proton dynamics in bulk ice and in porous anode solid oxide fuel cell materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Basoli, Francesco [Universitŕ degli Studi di Roma Tor Vergata, Italy] [Universitŕ degli Studi di Roma Tor Vergata, Italy; Senesi, Roberto [ORNL] [ORNL; Kolesnikov, Alexander I [ORNL] [ORNL; Licoccia, Silvia [NAST Center, University of Roma "Tor Vergata"] [NAST Center, University of Roma "Tor Vergata"

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Oxygen reduction and incorporation into solid electrolytes and the reverse reaction of oxygen evolution play a cru-cial role in Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) applications. However a detailed un derstanding of the kinetics of the cor-responding reactions, i.e. on reaction mechanisms, rate limiting steps, reaction paths, electrocatalytic role of materials, is still missing. These include a thorough characterization of the binding potentials experienced by protons in the lattice. We report results of Inelastic Neutron Scattering (INS) measurements of the vibrational state of the protons in Ni- YSZ highly porous composites (75% to 90% ), a ceramic-metal material showing a high electrical conductivity and ther mal stability, which is known to be most effectively used as anodes for solid ox ide fuel cells. The results are compared with INS and Deep Inelastic Neutron Scattering (DINS) experiments on the proton binding states in bulk ice.

  3. Deep Near-Infrared Observations and Identifications of Chandra Sources in the Orion Molecular Cloud 2 and 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Tsujimoto; K. Koyama; N. Kobayashi; M. Goto; Y. Tsuboi; A. T. Tokunaga

    2002-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We conducted deep NIR imaging observations of the Orion molecular cloud 2 and 3 using QUIRC on the 88-inch telescope of the University of Hawaii. Our purposes are 1) to generate a comprehensive NIR source catalog of these star forming clouds, and 2) to identify the NIR counterpart of the Chandra X-ray sources that have no counterpart in the 2MASS catalog. Our J-, H-, and K-band observations are about 2 mag deeper than those of 2MASS, and well match the current Chandra observation. We detected 1448 NIR sources, for which we derived the position, the J-, H-, and K-band magnitude, and the 2MASS counterpart. Using this catalog, we identified the NIR counterpart for about 42% of the 2MASS-unIDed Chandra sources. The nature of these Chandra sources are discussed using their NIR colors and spatial distributions, and a dozen protostar and brown dwarf candidates are identified.

  4. STAG UK Newsletter Issue 16

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ?soon, they mey just heve to eb8ndon the ide8 of including the phot0s. ***************** 6 It seems that most folk don't have 'unfavou:ri tel episodes - at 1 east, only one or two wrote in to say which one they'd choose ito miss out. Eiizabeth Sharp says... for WHOM GODS DESTROY), You could point out that since the BEC 'ere the only ones with the rights to show' thes'e ep.isodes it's unfair - he,aI,'i;breeking - of them not to show them. Don't be Elbusi v'e, though- .the t won't help! IMPORTANT - Some...

  5. Functional transcriptomic analysis of the role of MAB-5/Hox in Q neuroblast migration in Caenorhabditis elegans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tamayo, Joel V.; Macdonald, Stuart J.; Lundquist, Erik A.

    2013-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Nitrophenylphosphatase Down in mab-5(lof) ZC443.6/ugt-16 0 0 0 22 78 UDP Glucuronosyltransferase W10G11.1 0 0 1 18 81 Secreted cys-rich DUF19 F48C1.8 0 0 0 19 81 Secreted, conserved ChIP seq targets T23G4.2 0 0 0 38 62 Unsimilar cytoplasmic T24D1.4/tag-179 0 0 0 33 67... of the worm and divides to give rise to the PVM, SDQL, and PQR neurons [6-8]. These QL descendants continue to mi- grate posteriorly, with PQR migrating the farthest to res- ide in the tail of the worm behind the anus (Figure 1A, B, and C Figure 2A). QR...

  6. Identifying Energy Systems that Maximize Cogeneration Savings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahner, D. J.

    Ies whIch have Inherent constraInts or lImItatIons In meetIng these objectIves should be e11mlnated as opt10ns. Under such var1able condItIons Independent systems have slgnlf1cant advantage due to the1 r Inherent flexlb111ty 1n matchIng wIde var1at10...IDENTIFYING ENERGY SYSTEMS THAT MAXIMIZE COGENERATION SAVINGS DAVID J. AHNER Manager Systems Eng1neer1ng Schenectady. New York ABSTRACT Th1s paper d1scusses the max1m1z1ng of Reg10nal cogenerat10n Energy Sav1ngs ut1l1z1ng var10us...

  7. How the Tibetan Bodhisattva Kings invited Atisha Dipankara Sri-Jnana to Tibet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kunzang, Rechung Rimpoche Jampal

    1975-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Kea-sH~-mgon and the district of zhang-zhung and mang-yul to Prince dP • .l-gyi-mgon and Prince IDe-g'sug-mgon respectively. The three provinc{;s were known as mNga'res-skar-gsum. .. bKra-~his-mgon h .. d two sons, mNga-bckg-kho-re and Srong­ nge. mNg;-bd; g-kho-re, in turn... and told him the purpose of his vhit to India. Thn Lotsava rgF-bt~on­ seng advised him not to disclose to anyone the purpose of his visit, but to say that he had come to further his studies. This advice way given because Ati5ha had a powerful patron...

  8. The identification of recurrent tertiary motifs by interactions of protein secondary structure units

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hodges, Hamilton Courtney

    2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    &Iod Id I q Id2s Id2v Id4o Jd4x ld5n ld5t I d7p Id8w 1&Ibf ldbo ldcl 1dci Ides ldf4 Idfm Idg6 Idgf ldgv I din I dj0 ldkO 1d12 I dlf I dlw I dmg I dnl I dos Idow Idoz Idp7 I dpj I dps ldqe Idqz Idsl Idsz I dtd ldvj... ldwk Idxg Idy5 Idyp Idzk Idzo le29 le2k le30 Ie4c I e4m le58 I e5k I e5m lc6u le71 le85 leb6 I edm leex leg9 legw I ej8 I el g I elk I elu I elw len2 leon lep0 lepx I eqj leqo I erz lcs9 lett leul I cuJ leuv I evl...

  9. Implementation of the Clean Air Act, Title V operating permit program requirements for the U.S. DOE Oak Ridge Reservation facilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Humphreys, M.P. [Dept. of Energy Oak Ridge Operations Office, TN (United States). Environmental Protection Div.

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Title V of the Clean Air Act (CAA) establishes a new permit program requiring major sources and sources subject to Title III (Hazardous Air Pollutants) to obtain a state operating permit. Historically, most states have issued operating permits for individual emission units. Under the Title V permit program, a single permit will be issued for all of the emission units at the facility much like the current National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit program. The permit will specify all reporting, monitoring, and record-keeping requirements for the facility. Sources required to obtain permits include (a) major sources that emit 100 tons per year or more of any criteria air contaminant, (b) any source subject to the HAP provisions of Title III, (c) any source subject to the acid rain provisions of Title IV, (d) any source subject to New Source Performance Standards, and (e) any source subject to new source review under the nonattainment or Prevention of Significant Deterioration provisions. The State of Tennessee Title V Operating Permit Program was approved by EPA on August 28, 1996. This paper will provide details of initiatives underway at US Department of Energy (DOE) Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) Facilities for implementation of requirements under the Title V Operating Permit Program. The ORR encompasses three DOE Facilities: the Y-12 Plant, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), and the East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP). The Y-12 Plant manufactures component parts for the national nuclear weapons program; the ORNL is responsible for research and development activities including nuclear engineering, engineering technologies, and the environmental sciences; and the ETTP conducts a variety of research and development activities and is the home of a mixed waste incinerator. Each of the three DOE Facilities is considered a major source under Title V of the CAA.

  10. NOx EMISSIONS PRODUCED WITH COMBUSTION OF POWDER RIVER BASIN COAL IN A UTILITY BOILER

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John S. Nordin; Norman W. Merriam

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this report is to estimate the NOx emissions produced when Powder River Basin (PRB) coal is combusted in a utility boiler. The Clean Air Act regulations specify NOx limits of 0.45 lb/mm Btu (Phase I) and 0.40 lb/mm Btu (Phase II) for tangentially fired boilers, and 0.50 lb/mm 13tu (Phase II) and 0.46 lb/mm Btu (Phase II) for dry-bottom wall-fired boilers. The Clean Air Act regulations also specify other limits for other boiler types. Compliance for Phase I has been in effect since January 1, 1996. Compliance for Phase II goes into effect on January 1, 2000. Emission limits are expressed as equivalent NO{sub 2} even though NO (and sometimes N{sub 2}O) is the NOx species emitted during combustion. Regulatory agencies usually set even lower NOx emission limits in ozone nonattainment areas. In preparing this report, Western Research Institute (WRI) used published test results from utilities burning various coals, including PRB coal, using state-of-the art control technology for minimizing NOx emissions. Many utilities can meet Clean Air Act NOx emission limits using a combination of tight combustion control and low-NOx burners and by keeping furnaces clean (i.e., no slag buildup). In meeting these limits, some utilities also report problems such as increased carbon in their fly ash and excessive furnace tube corrosion. This report discusses utility experience. The theory of NOx emission formation during coal combustion as related to coal structure and how the coal is combusted is also discussed. From this understanding, projections are made for NOx emissions when processed PRB coal is combusted in a test similar to that done with other coals. As will be shown, there are a lot of conditions for achieving low NOx emissions, such as tight combustion control and frequent waterlancing of the furnace to avoid buildup of deposits.

  11. Turbine Drive Gas Generator for Zero Emission Power Plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doyle, Stephen E.; Anderson, Roger E.

    2001-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The Vision 21 Program seeks technology development that can reduce energy costs, reduce or eliminate atmospheric pollutants from power plants, provide choices of alternative fuels, and increase the efficiency of generating systems. Clean Energy Systems is developing a gas generator to replace the traditional boiler in steam driven power systems. The gas generator offers the prospects of lower electrical costs, pollution free plant operations, choices of alternative fuels, and eventual net plant efficiencies in excess of 60% with sequestration of carbon dioxide. The technology underlying the gas generator has been developed in the aerospace industry over the past 30 years and is mature in aerospace applications, but it is as yet unused in the power industry. This project modifies and repackages aerospace gas generator technology for power generation applications. The purposes of this project are: (1) design a 10 MW gas generator and ancillary hardware, (2) fabricate the gas generator and supporting equipment, (3) test the gas generator using methane as fuel, (4) submit a final report describing the project and test results. The principal test objectives are: (1) define start-up, shut down and post shutdown control sequences for safe, efficient operation; (2) demonstrate the production of turbine drive gas comprising steam and carbon dioxide in the temperature range 1500 F to 3000 F, at a nominal pressure of 1500 psia; (3) measure and verify the constituents of the drive gas; and (4) examine the critical hardware components for indications of life limitations. The 21 month program is in its 13th month. Design work is completed and fabrication is in process. The gas generator igniter is a torch igniter with sparkplug, which is currently under-going hot fire testing. Fabrication of the injector and body of the gas generator is expected to be completed by year-end, and testing of the full gas generator will begin in early 2002. Several months of testing are anticipated. When demonstrated, this gas generator will be the prototype for use in demonstration power plants planned to be built in Antioch, California and in southern California during 2002. In these plants the gas generator will demonstrate durability and its operational RAM characteristics. In 2003, it is expected that the gas generator will be employed in new operating plants primarily in clean air non-attainment areas, and in possible locations to provide large quantities of high quality carbon dioxide for use in enhanced oil recovery or coal bed methane recovery. Coupled with an emission free coal gasification system, the CES gas generator would enable the operation of high efficiency, non-polluting coal-fueled power plants.

  12. Clean Cities ozone air quality attainment and maintenance strategies that employ alternative fuel vehicles, with special emphasis on natural gas and propane

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Santini, D.J.; Saricks, C.L.

    1998-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Air quality administrators across the nation are coming under greater pressure to find new strategies for further reducing automotive generated non-methane hydrocarbon (NMHC) and nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has established stringent emission reduction requirements for ozone non-attainment areas that have driven the vehicle industry to engineer vehicles meeting dramatically tightened standards. This paper describes an interim method for including alternative-fueled vehicles (AFVs) in the mix of strategies to achieve local and regional improvements in ozone air quality. This method could be used until EPA can develop the Mobile series of emissions estimation models to include AFVs and until such time that detailed work on AFV emissions totals by air quality planners and emissions inventory builders is warranted. The paper first describes the challenges confronting almost every effort to include AFVs in targeted emissions reduction programs, but points out that within these challenges resides an opportunity. Next, it discusses some basic relationships in the formation of ambient ozone from precursor emissions. It then describes several of the salient provisions of EPA`s new voluntary emissions initiative, which is called the Voluntary Mobile Source Emissions Reduction Program (VMEP). Recent emissions test data comparing gaseous-fuel light-duty AFVs with their gasoline-fueled counterparts is examined to estimate percent emissions reductions achievable with CNG and LPG vehicles. Examples of calculated MOBILE5b emission rates that would be used for summer ozone season planning purposes by an individual Air Quality Control Region (AQCR) are provided. A method is suggested for employing these data to compute appropriate voluntary emission reduction credits where such (lighter) AFVs would be acquired. It also points out, but does not quantify, the substantial reduction credits potentially achievable by substituting gaseous-fueled for gasoline-fueled heavy-duty vehicles. Finally, it raises and expands on the relevance of AFVs and their deployment to some other provisions embedded in EPA`s current guidance for implementing 1-hour NAAQS--standards which currently remain in effect--as tools to provide immediate reductions in ozone, without waiting for promised future clean technologies.

  13. Multi-Terabyte EIDE Disk Arrays running Linux RAID5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. A. Sanders; L. M. Cremaldi; V. Eschenburg; R. Godang; M. D. Joy; D. J. Summers; D. L. Petravick

    2004-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

    High-energy physics experiments are currently recording large amounts of data and in a few years will be recording prodigious quantities of data. New methods must be developed to handle this data and make analysis at universities possible. Grid Computing is one method; however, the data must be cached at the various Grid nodes. We examine some storage techniques that exploit recent developments in commodity hardware. Disk arrays using RAID level 5 (RAID-5) include both parity and striping. The striping improves access speed. The parity protects data in the event of a single disk failure, but not in the case of multiple disk failures. We report on tests of dual-processor Linux Software RAID-5 arrays and Hardware RAID-5 arrays using a 12-disk 3ware controller, in conjunction with 250 and 300 GB disks, for use in offline high-energy physics data analysis. The price of IDE disks is now less than $1/GB. These RAID-5 disk arrays can be scaled to sizes affordable to small institutions and used when fast random access at low cost is important.

  14. Aquatic Ecosystem Enhancement at Mountaintop Mining Sites Symposium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Black, D. Courtney; Lawson, Peter; Morgan, John; Maggard, Randy; Schor, Horst; Powell, Rocky; Kirk, Ed. J.

    2000-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Welcome to this symposium which is part of the ongoing effort to prepare an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) regarding mountaintop mining and valley fills. The EIS is being prepared by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, U.S. Office of Surface Mining, and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, in cooperation with the State of West Virginia. Aquatic Ecosystem Enhancement (AEE) at mountaintop mining sites is one of fourteen technical areas identified for study by the EIS Interagency Steering Committee. Three goals were identified in the AEE Work Plan: 1. Assess mining and reclamation practices to show how mining operations might be carried out in a way that minimizes adverse impacts to streams and other environmental resources and to local communities. Clarify economic and technical constraints and benefits. 2. Help citizens clarify choices by showing whether there are affordable ways to enhance existing mining, reclamation, mitigation processes and/or procedures. 3. Ide identify data needed to improve environmental evaluation and design of mining projects to protect the environment. Today’s symposium was proposed in the AEE Team Work Plans but coordinated planning for the event began September 15, 1999 when representatives from coal industry, environmental groups and government regulators met in Morgantown. The meeting participants worked with a facilitator from the Canaan Valley Institute to outline plans for the symposium. Several teams were formed to carry out the plans we outlined in the meeting.

  15. The vertical distribution of meiofauna in sandy sediment: the influence of macrofauna-induced changes in sediment oxygen and sulfide gradients

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Mark Bennett

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . And to the many f r iends and men to rs w h o have lent their suppo r t for th is thes is and my educa t i on . vii T A B L E OF C O N T E N T S Page A B S T R A C T iii D E D I C A T I O N v A C K N O W L E D G E M E N T S vi T A B L E O F C O N T E N.... Repo r ted as n u m b e r s per 10 g sed imen t , * = less than 1 per 10 g 26 ix L IST OF F I G U R E S F IGURE Page 1 T ips of the m ic roe lec t rodes used in the exper imen ts 11 2 Cal ibrat ion of the sul f ide m ic roe lec t rode over the typ...

  16. Photochemical reactions of metal nitrosyl complexes. Mechanisms of NO reactions with biologically relevant metal centers

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Ford, Peter C.

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The discoveries that nitric oxide (a.k.a. nitrogen monoxide) serves important roles in mammalian bioregulation and immunology have stimulated intense interest in the chemistry and biochemistry of NO and derivatives such as metal nitrosyl complexes. Also of interest are strategies to deliver NO to biological targets on demand. One such strategy would be to employ a precursor which displays relatively low thermal reactivity but is photochemically active to release NO. This proposition led us to investigate laser flash and continuous photolysis kinetics of nitrosyl complexes such as the Roussin's iron-sulfur-nitrosyl cluster anionsFe2S2(NO)42?andmore »alttext='${\\text{Fe}}_{\\text{4}} {\\text{S}}_{\\text{3}} \\left( {{\\text{NO}}} \\right)_7^{ - } $' id='E2'>Fe4S3(NO)7?and several ruthenium salen and porphyrin nitrosyls. These include studies using metal-nitrosyl photochemistry as a vehicle for delivering NO to hypoxic cell cultures in order to sensitize?-radiation damage. Also studied were the rates and mechanisms of NO “on” reactions with model water soluble heme compounds, the ferriheme protein met-myoglobin and various ruthenium complexes using ns laser flash photolysis techniques. An overview of these studies is presented.« less

  17. 2013 R&D 100 Award: Movie-mode electron microscope captures nanoscale

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lagrange, Thomas; Reed, Bryan

    2014-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

    A new instrument developed by LLNL scientists and engineers, the Movie Mode Dynamic Transmission Electron Microscope (MM-DTEM), captures billionth-of-a-meter-scale images with frame rates more than 100,000 times faster than those of conventional techniques. The work was done in collaboration with a Pleasanton-based company, Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions (IDES) Inc. Using this revolutionary imaging technique, a range of fundamental and technologically important material and biological processes can be captured in action, in complete billionth-of-a-meter detail, for the first time. The primary application of MM-DTEM is the direct observation of fast processes, including microstructural changes, phase transformations and chemical reactions, that shape real-world performance of nanostructured materials and potentially biological entities. The instrument could prove especially valuable in the direct observation of macromolecular interactions, such as protein-protein binding and host-pathogen interactions. While an earlier version of the technology, Single Shot-DTEM, could capture a single snapshot of a rapid process, MM-DTEM captures a multiframe movie that reveals complex sequences of events in detail. It is the only existing technology that can capture multiple electron microscopy images in the span of a single microsecond.

  18. Prototype Imaging Cd-Zn-Te Array Detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. F. Bloser; T. Narita; J. E. Grindlay; K. Shah

    1998-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe initial results of our program to develop and test Cd-Zn-Te (CZT) detectors with a pixellated array readout. Our primary interest is in the development of relatively thick CZT detectors for use in astrophysical coded aperture telescopes with response extending over the energy range $\\sim 10-600$ keV. The coded aperture imaging configuration requires only relatively large area pixels (1-3 mm), whereas the desired high energy response requires detector thicknesses of at least 3-5 mm. We have developed a prototype detector employing a 10 x 10 x 5 mm CZT substrate and 4 x 4 pixel (1.5 mm each) readout with gold metal contacts for the pixels and continuous gold contact for the bias on the opposite detector face. This MSM contact configuration was fabricated by RMD and tested at Harvard for uniformity, efficiency and spatial as well as spectral resolution. We have developed an ASIC readout (IDE-VA-1) and analysis system and report results, including $\\sim 4$% (FWHM) energy resolution at 60 keV. A prototype design for a full imaging detector array is discussed.

  19. A network security monitor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heberlein, L.T.; Dias, G.V.; Levitt, K.N.; Mukherjee, B.; Wood, J.; Wolber, D. (California Univ., Davis, CA (USA). Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science)

    1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The study of security in computer networks is a rapidly growing area of interest because of the proliferation of networks and the paucity of security measures in most current networks. Since most networks consist of a collection of inter-connected local area networks (LANs), this paper concentrates on the security-related issues in a single broadcast LAN such as Ethernet. Specifically, we formalize various possible network attacks and outline methods of detecting them. Our basic strategy is to develop profiles of usage of network resources and then compare current usage patterns with the historical profile to determine possible security violations. Thus, our work is similar to the host-based intrusion-detection systems such as SRI's IDES. Different from such systems, however, is our use of a hierarchical model to refine the focus of the intrusion-detection mechanism. We also report on the development of our experimental LAN monitor currently under implementation. Several network attacks have been simulated and results on how the monitor has been able to detect these attacks are also analyzed. Initial results demonstrate that many network attacks are detectable with our monitor, although it can surely be defeated. Current work is focusing on the integration of network monitoring with host-based techniques. 20 refs., 2 figs.

  20. 2013 R&D 100 Award: Movie-mode electron microscope captures nanoscale

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Lagrange, Thomas; Reed, Bryan

    2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

    A new instrument developed by LLNL scientists and engineers, the Movie Mode Dynamic Transmission Electron Microscope (MM-DTEM), captures billionth-of-a-meter-scale images with frame rates more than 100,000 times faster than those of conventional techniques. The work was done in collaboration with a Pleasanton-based company, Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions (IDES) Inc. Using this revolutionary imaging technique, a range of fundamental and technologically important material and biological processes can be captured in action, in complete billionth-of-a-meter detail, for the first time. The primary application of MM-DTEM is the direct observation of fast processes, including microstructural changes, phase transformations and chemical reactions, that shape real-world performance of nanostructured materials and potentially biological entities. The instrument could prove especially valuable in the direct observation of macromolecular interactions, such as protein-protein binding and host-pathogen interactions. While an earlier version of the technology, Single Shot-DTEM, could capture a single snapshot of a rapid process, MM-DTEM captures a multiframe movie that reveals complex sequences of events in detail. It is the only existing technology that can capture multiple electron microscopy images in the span of a single microsecond.

  1. Estimating model parameters for an impact-produced shock-wave simulation: Optimal use of partial data with the extended Kalman filter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kao, Jim [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Applied Physics Division, P.O. Box 1663, MS T086, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States)]. E-mail: kao@lanl.gov; Flicker, Dawn [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Applied Physics Division, P.O. Box 1663, MS T086, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Ide, Kayo [University of California at Los Angeles (United States); Ghil, Michael [University of California at Los Angeles (United States)

    2006-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper builds upon our recent data assimilation work with the extended Kalman filter (EKF) method [J. Kao, D. Flicker, R. Henninger, S. Frey, M. Ghil, K. Ide, Data assimilation with an extended Kalman filter for an impact-produced shock-wave study, J. Comp. Phys. 196 (2004) 705-723.]. The purpose is to test the capability of EKF in optimizing a model's physical parameters. The problem is to simulate the evolution of a shock produced through a high-speed flyer plate. In the earlier work, we have showed that the EKF allows one to estimate the evolving state of the shock wave from a single pressure measurement, assuming that all model parameters are known. In the present paper, we show that imperfectly known model parameters can also be estimated accordingly, along with the evolving model state, from the same single measurement. The model parameter optimization using the EKF can be achieved through a simple modification of the original EKF formalism by including the model parameters into an augmented state variable vector. While the regular state variables are governed by both deterministic and stochastic forcing mechanisms, the parameters are only subject to the latter. The optimally estimated model parameters are thus obtained through a unified assimilation operation. We show that improving the accuracy of the model parameters also improves the state estimate. The time variation of the optimized model parameters results from blending the data and the corresponding values generated from the model and lies within a small range, of less than 2%, from the parameter values of the original model. The solution computed with the optimized parameters performs considerably better and has a smaller total variance than its counterpart using the original time-constant parameters. These results indicate that the model parameters play a dominant role in the performance of the shock-wave hydrodynamic code at hand.

  2. Canted Undulator Upgrade for GeoSoilEnviroCARS Sector 13 at the Advanced Photon Source

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sutton, Stephen

    2013-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Support for the beamline component of the canted undulator upgrade of Sector 13 (GeoSoilEnviroCARS; managed and operated by the University of Chicago) at the Advanced Photon Source (APS; Argonne National Laboratory) was received from three agencies (equally divided): NASA-SRLIDAP (now LARS), NSF-EAR-IF (ARRA) and DOE-Single Investigator Small Group (SISGR). The associated accelerator components (undulators, canted front end) were provided by the APS using DOE-ARRA funding. The intellectual merit of the research enabled by the upgrade lies in advancing our knowledge of the composition, structure and properties of earth materials; the processes they control; and the processes that produce them. The upgrade will facilitate scientific advances in the following areas: high pressure mineral physics and chemistry, non-crystalline and nano-crystalline materials at high pressure, chemistry of hydrothermal fluids, reactions at mineral-water interfaces, biogeochemistry, oxidation states of magmas, flow dynamics of fluids and solids, and cosmochemistry. The upgrade, allowing the microprobe to operate 100% of the time and the high pressure and surface scattering and spectroscopy instruments to receive beam time increases, will facilitate much more efficient use of the substantial investment in these instruments. The broad scientific community will benefit by the increase in the number of scientists who conduct cutting-edge research at GSECARS. The user program in stations 13ID-C (interface scattering) and 13ID-D (laser heated diamond anvil cell and large volume press) recommenced in June 2012. The operation of the 13ID-E microprobe station began in the Fall 2012 cycle (Oct.-Dec 2012). The upgraded canted beamlines double the amount of undulator beam time at Sector 13 and provide new capabilities including extended operations of the X-ray microprobe down to the sulfur K edge and enhanced brightness at high energy. The availability of the upgraded beamlines will advance the research being conducted at Sector 13.

  3. Lean NOx Trap Catalysis for Lean Natural Gas Engine Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parks, II, James E [ORNL; Storey, John Morse [ORNL; Theiss, Timothy J [ORNL; Ponnusamy, Senthil [ORNL; Ferguson, Harley Douglas [ORNL; Williams, Aaron M [ORNL; Tassitano, James B [ORNL

    2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Distributed energy is an approach for meeting energy needs that has several advantages. Distributed energy improves energy security during natural disasters or terrorist actions, improves transmission grid reliability by reducing grid load, and enhances power quality through voltage support and reactive power. In addition, distributed energy can be efficient since transmission losses are minimized. One prime mover for distributed energy is the natural gas reciprocating engine generator set. Natural gas reciprocating engines are flexible and scalable solutions for many distributed energy needs. The engines can be run continuously or occasionally as peak demand requires, and their operation and maintenance is straightforward. Furthermore, system efficiencies can be maximized when natural gas reciprocating engines are combined with thermal energy recovery for cooling, heating, and power applications. Expansion of natural gas reciprocating engines for distributed energy is dependent on several factors, but two prominent factors are efficiency and emissions. Efficiencies must be high enough to enable low operating costs, and emissions must be low enough to permit significant operation hours, especially in non-attainment areas where emissions are stringently regulated. To address these issues the U.S. Department of Energy and the California Energy Commission launched research and development programs called Advanced Reciprocating Engine Systems (ARES) and Advanced Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engines (ARICE), respectively. Fuel efficiency and low emissions are two primary goals of these programs. The work presented here was funded by the ARES program and, thus, addresses the ARES 2010 goals of 50% thermal efficiency (fuel efficiency) and <0.1 g/bhp-hr emissions of oxides of nitrogen (NOx). A summary of the goals for the ARES program is given in Table 1-1. ARICE 2007 goals are 45% thermal efficiency and <0.015 g/bhp-hr NOx. Several approaches for improving the efficiency and emissions of natural gas reciprocating engines are being pursued. Approaches include: stoichiometric engine operation with exhaust gas recirculation and three-way catalysis, advanced combustion modes such as homogeneous charge compression ignition, and extension of the lean combustion limit with advanced ignition concepts and/or hydrogen mixing. The research presented here addresses the technical approach of combining efficient lean spark-ignited natural gas combustion with low emissions obtained from a lean NOx trap catalyst aftertreatment system. This approach can be applied to current lean engine technology or advanced lean engines that may result from related efforts in lean limit extension. Furthermore, the lean NOx trap technology has synergy with hydrogen-assisted lean limit extension since hydrogen is produced from natural gas during the lean NOx trap catalyst system process. The approach is also applicable to other lean engines such as diesel engines, natural gas turbines, and lean gasoline engines; other research activities have focused on those applications. Some commercialization of the technology has occurred for automotive applications (both diesel and lean gasoline engine vehicles) and natural gas turbines for stationary power. The research here specifically addresses barriers to commercialization of the technology for large lean natural gas reciprocating engines for stationary power. The report presented here is a comprehensive collection of research conducted by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) on lean NOx trap catalysis for lean natural gas reciprocating engines. The research was performed in the Department of Energy's ARES program from 2003 to 2007 and covers several aspects of the technology. All studies were conducted at ORNL on a Cummins C8.3G+ natural gas engine chosen based on industry input to simulate large lean natural gas engines. Specific technical areas addressed by the research include: NOx reduction efficiency, partial oxidation and reforming chemistry, and the effects of sulfur poisons on the partial oxidation

  4. Transuranic (Tru) waste volume reduction operations at a plutonium facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cournoyer, Michael E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Nixon, Archie E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dodge, Robert L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Fife, Keith W [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sandoval, Arnold M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Garcia, Vincent E [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Programmatic operations at the Los Alamos National Laboratory Plutonium Facility (TA 55) involve working with various amounts of plutonium and other highly toxic, alpha-emitting materials. The spread of radiological contamination on surfaces, airborne contamination, and excursions of contaminants into the operator's breathing zone are prevented through use of a variety of gloveboxes (the glovebox, coupled with an adequate negative pressure gradient, provides primary confinement). Size-reduction operations on glovebox equipment are a common activity when a process has been discontinued and the room is being modified to support a new customer. The Actin ide Processing Group at TA-55 uses one-meter-long glass columns to process plutonium. Disposal of used columns is a challenge, since they must be size-reduced to get them out of the glovebox. The task is a high-risk operation because the glass shards that are generated can puncture the bag-out bags, leather protectors, glovebox gloves, and the worker's skin when completing the task. One of the Lessons Learned from these operations is that Laboratory management should critically evaluate each hazard and provide more effective measures to prevent personnel injury. A bag made of puncture-resistant material was one of these enhanced controls. We have investigated the effectiveness of these bags and have found that they safely and effectively permit glass objects to be reduced to small pieces with a plastic or rubber mallet; the waste can then be easily poured into a container for removal from the glove box as non-compactable transuranic (TRU) waste. This size-reduction operation reduces solid TRU waste generation by almost 2% times. Replacing one-time-use bag-out bags with multiple-use glass crushing bags also contributes to reducing generated waste. In addition, significant costs from contamination, cleanup, and preparation of incident documentation are avoided. This effort contributes to the Los Alamos National Laboratory Continuous Improvement Program by improving the efficiency, cost-effectiveness, and formality of glovebox operations. In this report, the technical issues, associated with implementing this process improvement are addressed, the results discussed, effectiveness of Lessons Learned evaluated, and waste savings presented.